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2222 2223 2224 2225 2226 2227 2228 2229 2230 2231 2232 2233 2234 2235 2236 2237 2238 2239 2240 2241 2242 2243 2244 2245 2246 2247 2248 2249 2250 2251 2252 2253 2254 2255 2256 2257 2258 2259 2260 2261 2262 2263 2264 2265 2266 2267 2268 2269 2270 2271 2272 2273 2274 2275 2276 2277 2278 2279 2280 2281 2282 2283 2284 2285 2286 2287 2288 2289 2290 2291 2292 2293 2294 2295 2296 2297 2298 2299 2300 2301 2302 2303 2304 2305 2306 2307 2308 2309 2310 2311 2312 2313 2314 2315 2316 2317 2318 2319 2320 2321 2322 2323 2324 2325 2326 2327 2328 2329 2330 2331 2332 2333 2334 2335 2336 2337 2338 2339 2340 2341 2342 2343 2344 2345 2346 2347 2348 2349 2350 2351 2352 2353 2354 2355 2356 2357 2358 2359 2360 2361 2362 2363 2364 2365 2366 2367 2368 2369 2370 2371 2372 2373 2374 2375 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Definitions for the TCP module. * * Version: @(#)tcp.h 1.0.5 05/23/93 * * Authors: Ross Biro * Fred N. van Kempen, <waltje@uWalt.NL.Mugnet.ORG> */ #ifndef _TCP_H #define _TCP_H #define FASTRETRANS_DEBUG 1 #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/tcp.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/kref.h> #include <linux/ktime.h> #include <linux/indirect_call_wrapper.h> #include <net/inet_connection_sock.h> #include <net/inet_timewait_sock.h> #include <net/inet_hashtables.h> #include <net/checksum.h> #include <net/request_sock.h> #include <net/sock_reuseport.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <net/snmp.h> #include <net/ip.h> #include <net/tcp_states.h> #include <net/inet_ecn.h> #include <net/dst.h> #include <net/mptcp.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/bpf-cgroup.h> #include <linux/siphash.h> extern struct inet_hashinfo tcp_hashinfo; DECLARE_PER_CPU(unsigned int, tcp_orphan_count); int tcp_orphan_count_sum(void); void tcp_time_wait(struct sock *sk, int state, int timeo); #define MAX_TCP_HEADER L1_CACHE_ALIGN(128 + MAX_HEADER) #define MAX_TCP_OPTION_SPACE 40 #define TCP_MIN_SND_MSS 48 #define TCP_MIN_GSO_SIZE (TCP_MIN_SND_MSS - MAX_TCP_OPTION_SPACE) /* * Never offer a window over 32767 without using window scaling. Some * poor stacks do signed 16bit maths! */ #define MAX_TCP_WINDOW 32767U /* Minimal accepted MSS. It is (60+60+8) - (20+20). */ #define TCP_MIN_MSS 88U /* The initial MTU to use for probing */ #define TCP_BASE_MSS 1024 /* probing interval, default to 10 minutes as per RFC4821 */ #define TCP_PROBE_INTERVAL 600 /* Specify interval when tcp mtu probing will stop */ #define TCP_PROBE_THRESHOLD 8 /* After receiving this amount of duplicate ACKs fast retransmit starts. */ #define TCP_FASTRETRANS_THRESH 3 /* Maximal number of ACKs sent quickly to accelerate slow-start. */ #define TCP_MAX_QUICKACKS 16U /* Maximal number of window scale according to RFC1323 */ #define TCP_MAX_WSCALE 14U /* urg_data states */ #define TCP_URG_VALID 0x0100 #define TCP_URG_NOTYET 0x0200 #define TCP_URG_READ 0x0400 #define TCP_RETR1 3 /* * This is how many retries it does before it * tries to figure out if the gateway is * down. Minimal RFC value is 3; it corresponds * to ~3sec-8min depending on RTO. */ #define TCP_RETR2 15 /* * This should take at least * 90 minutes to time out. * RFC1122 says that the limit is 100 sec. * 15 is ~13-30min depending on RTO. */ #define TCP_SYN_RETRIES 6 /* This is how many retries are done * when active opening a connection. * RFC1122 says the minimum retry MUST * be at least 180secs. Nevertheless * this value is corresponding to * 63secs of retransmission with the * current initial RTO. */ #define TCP_SYNACK_RETRIES 5 /* This is how may retries are done * when passive opening a connection. * This is corresponding to 31secs of * retransmission with the current * initial RTO. */ #define TCP_TIMEWAIT_LEN (60*HZ) /* how long to wait to destroy TIME-WAIT * state, about 60 seconds */ #define TCP_FIN_TIMEOUT TCP_TIMEWAIT_LEN /* BSD style FIN_WAIT2 deadlock breaker. * It used to be 3min, new value is 60sec, * to combine FIN-WAIT-2 timeout with * TIME-WAIT timer. */ #define TCP_FIN_TIMEOUT_MAX (120 * HZ) /* max TCP_LINGER2 value (two minutes) */ #define TCP_DELACK_MAX ((unsigned)(HZ/5)) /* maximal time to delay before sending an ACK */ #if HZ >= 100 #define TCP_DELACK_MIN ((unsigned)(HZ/25)) /* minimal time to delay before sending an ACK */ #define TCP_ATO_MIN ((unsigned)(HZ/25)) #else #define TCP_DELACK_MIN 4U #define TCP_ATO_MIN 4U #endif #define TCP_RTO_MAX ((unsigned)(120*HZ)) #define TCP_RTO_MIN ((unsigned)(HZ/5)) #define TCP_TIMEOUT_MIN (2U) /* Min timeout for TCP timers in jiffies */ #define TCP_TIMEOUT_INIT ((unsigned)(1*HZ)) /* RFC6298 2.1 initial RTO value */ #define TCP_TIMEOUT_FALLBACK ((unsigned)(3*HZ)) /* RFC 1122 initial RTO value, now * used as a fallback RTO for the * initial data transmission if no * valid RTT sample has been acquired, * most likely due to retrans in 3WHS. */ #define TCP_RESOURCE_PROBE_INTERVAL ((unsigned)(HZ/2U)) /* Maximal interval between probes * for local resources. */ #define TCP_KEEPALIVE_TIME (120*60*HZ) /* two hours */ #define TCP_KEEPALIVE_PROBES 9 /* Max of 9 keepalive probes */ #define TCP_KEEPALIVE_INTVL (75*HZ) #define MAX_TCP_KEEPIDLE 32767 #define MAX_TCP_KEEPINTVL 32767 #define MAX_TCP_KEEPCNT 127 #define MAX_TCP_SYNCNT 127 #define TCP_SYNQ_INTERVAL (HZ/5) /* Period of SYNACK timer */ #define TCP_PAWS_24DAYS (60 * 60 * 24 * 24) #define TCP_PAWS_MSL 60 /* Per-host timestamps are invalidated * after this time. It should be equal * (or greater than) TCP_TIMEWAIT_LEN * to provide reliability equal to one * provided by timewait state. */ #define TCP_PAWS_WINDOW 1 /* Replay window for per-host * timestamps. It must be less than * minimal timewait lifetime. */ /* * TCP option */ #define TCPOPT_NOP 1 /* Padding */ #define TCPOPT_EOL 0 /* End of options */ #define TCPOPT_MSS 2 /* Segment size negotiating */ #define TCPOPT_WINDOW 3 /* Window scaling */ #define TCPOPT_SACK_PERM 4 /* SACK Permitted */ #define TCPOPT_SACK 5 /* SACK Block */ #define TCPOPT_TIMESTAMP 8 /* Better RTT estimations/PAWS */ #define TCPOPT_MD5SIG 19 /* MD5 Signature (RFC2385) */ #define TCPOPT_MPTCP 30 /* Multipath TCP (RFC6824) */ #define TCPOPT_FASTOPEN 34 /* Fast open (RFC7413) */ #define TCPOPT_EXP 254 /* Experimental */ /* Magic number to be after the option value for sharing TCP * experimental options. See draft-ietf-tcpm-experimental-options-00.txt */ #define TCPOPT_FASTOPEN_MAGIC 0xF989 #define TCPOPT_SMC_MAGIC 0xE2D4C3D9 /* * TCP option lengths */ #define TCPOLEN_MSS 4 #define TCPOLEN_WINDOW 3 #define TCPOLEN_SACK_PERM 2 #define TCPOLEN_TIMESTAMP 10 #define TCPOLEN_MD5SIG 18 #define TCPOLEN_FASTOPEN_BASE 2 #define TCPOLEN_EXP_FASTOPEN_BASE 4 #define TCPOLEN_EXP_SMC_BASE 6 /* But this is what stacks really send out. */ #define TCPOLEN_TSTAMP_ALIGNED 12 #define TCPOLEN_WSCALE_ALIGNED 4 #define TCPOLEN_SACKPERM_ALIGNED 4 #define TCPOLEN_SACK_BASE 2 #define TCPOLEN_SACK_BASE_ALIGNED 4 #define TCPOLEN_SACK_PERBLOCK 8 #define TCPOLEN_MD5SIG_ALIGNED 20 #define TCPOLEN_MSS_ALIGNED 4 #define TCPOLEN_EXP_SMC_BASE_ALIGNED 8 /* Flags in tp->nonagle */ #define TCP_NAGLE_OFF 1 /* Nagle's algo is disabled */ #define TCP_NAGLE_CORK 2 /* Socket is corked */ #define TCP_NAGLE_PUSH 4 /* Cork is overridden for already queued data */ /* TCP thin-stream limits */ #define TCP_THIN_LINEAR_RETRIES 6 /* After 6 linear retries, do exp. backoff */ /* TCP initial congestion window as per rfc6928 */ #define TCP_INIT_CWND 10 /* Bit Flags for sysctl_tcp_fastopen */ #define TFO_CLIENT_ENABLE 1 #define TFO_SERVER_ENABLE 2 #define TFO_CLIENT_NO_COOKIE 4 /* Data in SYN w/o cookie option */ /* Accept SYN data w/o any cookie option */ #define TFO_SERVER_COOKIE_NOT_REQD 0x200 /* Force enable TFO on all listeners, i.e., not requiring the * TCP_FASTOPEN socket option. */ #define TFO_SERVER_WO_SOCKOPT1 0x400 /* sysctl variables for tcp */ extern int sysctl_tcp_max_orphans; extern long sysctl_tcp_mem[3]; #define TCP_RACK_LOSS_DETECTION 0x1 /* Use RACK to detect losses */ #define TCP_RACK_STATIC_REO_WND 0x2 /* Use static RACK reo wnd */ #define TCP_RACK_NO_DUPTHRESH 0x4 /* Do not use DUPACK threshold in RACK */ extern atomic_long_t tcp_memory_allocated; extern struct percpu_counter tcp_sockets_allocated; extern unsigned long tcp_memory_pressure; /* optimized version of sk_under_memory_pressure() for TCP sockets */ static inline bool tcp_under_memory_pressure(const struct sock *sk) { if (mem_cgroup_sockets_enabled && sk->sk_memcg && mem_cgroup_under_socket_pressure(sk->sk_memcg)) return true; return READ_ONCE(tcp_memory_pressure); } /* * The next routines deal with comparing 32 bit unsigned ints * and worry about wraparound (automatic with unsigned arithmetic). */ static inline bool before(__u32 seq1, __u32 seq2) { return (__s32)(seq1-seq2) < 0; } #define after(seq2, seq1) before(seq1, seq2) /* is s2<=s1<=s3 ? */ static inline bool between(__u32 seq1, __u32 seq2, __u32 seq3) { return seq3 - seq2 >= seq1 - seq2; } static inline bool tcp_out_of_memory(struct sock *sk) { if (sk->sk_wmem_queued > SOCK_MIN_SNDBUF && sk_memory_allocated(sk) > sk_prot_mem_limits(sk, 2)) return true; return false; } void sk_forced_mem_schedule(struct sock *sk, int size); bool tcp_check_oom(struct sock *sk, int shift); extern struct proto tcp_prot; #define TCP_INC_STATS(net, field) SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.tcp_statistics, field) #define __TCP_INC_STATS(net, field) __SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.tcp_statistics, field) #define TCP_DEC_STATS(net, field) SNMP_DEC_STATS((net)->mib.tcp_statistics, field) #define TCP_ADD_STATS(net, field, val) SNMP_ADD_STATS((net)->mib.tcp_statistics, field, val) void tcp_tasklet_init(void); int tcp_v4_err(struct sk_buff *skb, u32); void tcp_shutdown(struct sock *sk, int how); int tcp_v4_early_demux(struct sk_buff *skb); int tcp_v4_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb); int tcp_v4_tw_remember_stamp(struct inet_timewait_sock *tw); int tcp_sendmsg(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, size_t size); int tcp_sendmsg_locked(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, size_t size); int tcp_sendpage(struct sock *sk, struct page *page, int offset, size_t size, int flags); int tcp_sendpage_locked(struct sock *sk, struct page *page, int offset, size_t size, int flags); ssize_t do_tcp_sendpages(struct sock *sk, struct page *page, int offset, size_t size, int flags); int tcp_send_mss(struct sock *sk, int *size_goal, int flags); void tcp_push(struct sock *sk, int flags, int mss_now, int nonagle, int size_goal); void tcp_release_cb(struct sock *sk); void tcp_wfree(struct sk_buff *skb); void tcp_write_timer_handler(struct sock *sk); void tcp_delack_timer_handler(struct sock *sk); int tcp_ioctl(struct sock *sk, int cmd, unsigned long arg); int tcp_rcv_state_process(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); void tcp_rcv_established(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); void tcp_rcv_space_adjust(struct sock *sk); int tcp_twsk_unique(struct sock *sk, struct sock *sktw, void *twp); void tcp_twsk_destructor(struct sock *sk); ssize_t tcp_splice_read(struct socket *sk, loff_t *ppos, struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, size_t len, unsigned int flags); void tcp_enter_quickack_mode(struct sock *sk, unsigned int max_quickacks); static inline void tcp_dec_quickack_mode(struct sock *sk, const unsigned int pkts) { struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk); if (icsk->icsk_ack.quick) { if (pkts >= icsk->icsk_ack.quick) { icsk->icsk_ack.quick = 0; /* Leaving quickack mode we deflate ATO. */ icsk->icsk_ack.ato = TCP_ATO_MIN; } else icsk->icsk_ack.quick -= pkts; } } #define TCP_ECN_OK 1 #define TCP_ECN_QUEUE_CWR 2 #define TCP_ECN_DEMAND_CWR 4 #define TCP_ECN_SEEN 8 enum tcp_tw_status { TCP_TW_SUCCESS = 0, TCP_TW_RST = 1, TCP_TW_ACK = 2, TCP_TW_SYN = 3 }; enum tcp_tw_status tcp_timewait_state_process(struct inet_timewait_sock *tw, struct sk_buff *skb, const struct tcphdr *th); struct sock *tcp_check_req(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct request_sock *req, bool fastopen, bool *lost_race); int tcp_child_process(struct sock *parent, struct sock *child, struct sk_buff *skb); void tcp_enter_loss(struct sock *sk); void tcp_cwnd_reduction(struct sock *sk, int newly_acked_sacked, int flag); void tcp_clear_retrans(struct tcp_sock *tp); void tcp_update_metrics(struct sock *sk); void tcp_init_metrics(struct sock *sk); void tcp_metrics_init(void); bool tcp_peer_is_proven(struct request_sock *req, struct dst_entry *dst); void tcp_close(struct sock *sk, long timeout); void tcp_init_sock(struct sock *sk); void tcp_init_transfer(struct sock *sk, int bpf_op, struct sk_buff *skb); __poll_t tcp_poll(struct file *file, struct socket *sock, struct poll_table_struct *wait); int tcp_getsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname, char __user *optval, int __user *optlen); int tcp_setsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname, sockptr_t optval, unsigned int optlen); void tcp_set_keepalive(struct sock *sk, int val); void tcp_syn_ack_timeout(const struct request_sock *req); int tcp_recvmsg(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, size_t len, int nonblock, int flags, int *addr_len); int tcp_set_rcvlowat(struct sock *sk, int val); void tcp_data_ready(struct sock *sk); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU int tcp_mmap(struct file *file, struct socket *sock, struct vm_area_struct *vma); #endif void tcp_parse_options(const struct net *net, const struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcp_options_received *opt_rx, int estab, struct tcp_fastopen_cookie *foc); const u8 *tcp_parse_md5sig_option(const struct tcphdr *th); /* * BPF SKB-less helpers */ u16 tcp_v4_get_syncookie(struct sock *sk, struct iphdr *iph, struct tcphdr *th, u32 *cookie); u16 tcp_v6_get_syncookie(struct sock *sk, struct ipv6hdr *iph, struct tcphdr *th, u32 *cookie); u16 tcp_get_syncookie_mss(struct request_sock_ops *rsk_ops, const struct tcp_request_sock_ops *af_ops, struct sock *sk, struct tcphdr *th); /* * TCP v4 functions exported for the inet6 API */ void tcp_v4_send_check(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); void tcp_v4_mtu_reduced(struct sock *sk); void tcp_req_err(struct sock *sk, u32 seq, bool abort); void tcp_ld_RTO_revert(struct sock *sk, u32 seq); int tcp_v4_conn_request(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); struct sock *tcp_create_openreq_child(const struct sock *sk, struct request_sock *req, struct sk_buff *skb); void tcp_ca_openreq_child(struct sock *sk, const struct dst_entry *dst); struct sock *tcp_v4_syn_recv_sock(const struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct request_sock *req, struct dst_entry *dst, struct request_sock *req_unhash, bool *own_req); int tcp_v4_do_rcv(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int tcp_v4_connect(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len); int tcp_connect(struct sock *sk); enum tcp_synack_type { TCP_SYNACK_NORMAL, TCP_SYNACK_FASTOPEN, TCP_SYNACK_COOKIE, }; struct sk_buff *tcp_make_synack(const struct sock *sk, struct dst_entry *dst, struct request_sock *req, struct tcp_fastopen_cookie *foc, enum tcp_synack_type synack_type, struct sk_buff *syn_skb); int tcp_disconnect(struct sock *sk, int flags); void tcp_finish_connect(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int tcp_send_rcvq(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, size_t size); void inet_sk_rx_dst_set(struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb); /* From syncookies.c */ struct sock *tcp_get_cookie_sock(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct request_sock *req, struct dst_entry *dst, u32 tsoff); int __cookie_v4_check(const struct iphdr *iph, const struct tcphdr *th, u32 cookie); struct sock *cookie_v4_check(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); struct request_sock *cookie_tcp_reqsk_alloc(const struct request_sock_ops *ops, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); #ifdef CONFIG_SYN_COOKIES /* Syncookies use a monotonic timer which increments every 60 seconds. * This counter is used both as a hash input and partially encoded into * the cookie value. A cookie is only validated further if the delta * between the current counter value and the encoded one is less than this, * i.e. a sent cookie is valid only at most for 2*60 seconds (or less if * the counter advances immediately after a cookie is generated). */ #define MAX_SYNCOOKIE_AGE 2 #define TCP_SYNCOOKIE_PERIOD (60 * HZ) #define TCP_SYNCOOKIE_VALID (MAX_SYNCOOKIE_AGE * TCP_SYNCOOKIE_PERIOD) /* syncookies: remember time of last synqueue overflow * But do not dirty this field too often (once per second is enough) * It is racy as we do not hold a lock, but race is very minor. */ static inline void tcp_synq_overflow(const struct sock *sk) { unsigned int last_overflow; unsigned int now = jiffies; if (sk->sk_reuseport) { struct sock_reuseport *reuse; reuse = rcu_dereference(sk->sk_reuseport_cb); if (likely(reuse)) { last_overflow = READ_ONCE(reuse->synq_overflow_ts); if (!time_between32(now, last_overflow, last_overflow + HZ)) WRITE_ONCE(reuse->synq_overflow_ts, now); return; } } last_overflow = READ_ONCE(tcp_sk(sk)->rx_opt.ts_recent_stamp); if (!time_between32(now, last_overflow, last_overflow + HZ)) WRITE_ONCE(tcp_sk(sk)->rx_opt.ts_recent_stamp, now); } /* syncookies: no recent synqueue overflow on this listening socket? */ static inline bool tcp_synq_no_recent_overflow(const struct sock *sk) { unsigned int last_overflow; unsigned int now = jiffies; if (sk->sk_reuseport) { struct sock_reuseport *reuse; reuse = rcu_dereference(sk->sk_reuseport_cb); if (likely(reuse)) { last_overflow = READ_ONCE(reuse->synq_overflow_ts); return !time_between32(now, last_overflow - HZ, last_overflow + TCP_SYNCOOKIE_VALID); } } last_overflow = READ_ONCE(tcp_sk(sk)->rx_opt.ts_recent_stamp); /* If last_overflow <= jiffies <= last_overflow + TCP_SYNCOOKIE_VALID, * then we're under synflood. However, we have to use * 'last_overflow - HZ' as lower bound. That's because a concurrent * tcp_synq_overflow() could update .ts_recent_stamp after we read * jiffies but before we store .ts_recent_stamp into last_overflow, * which could lead to rejecting a valid syncookie. */ return !time_between32(now, last_overflow - HZ, last_overflow + TCP_SYNCOOKIE_VALID); } static inline u32 tcp_cookie_time(void) { u64 val = get_jiffies_64(); do_div(val, TCP_SYNCOOKIE_PERIOD); return val; } u32 __cookie_v4_init_sequence(const struct iphdr *iph, const struct tcphdr *th, u16 *mssp); __u32 cookie_v4_init_sequence(const struct sk_buff *skb, __u16 *mss); u64 cookie_init_timestamp(struct request_sock *req, u64 now); bool cookie_timestamp_decode(const struct net *net, struct tcp_options_received *opt); bool cookie_ecn_ok(const struct tcp_options_received *opt, const struct net *net, const struct dst_entry *dst); /* From net/ipv6/syncookies.c */ int __cookie_v6_check(const struct ipv6hdr *iph, const struct tcphdr *th, u32 cookie); struct sock *cookie_v6_check(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); u32 __cookie_v6_init_sequence(const struct ipv6hdr *iph, const struct tcphdr *th, u16 *mssp); __u32 cookie_v6_init_sequence(const struct sk_buff *skb, __u16 *mss); #endif /* tcp_output.c */ void __tcp_push_pending_frames(struct sock *sk, unsigned int cur_mss, int nonagle); int __tcp_retransmit_skb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int segs); int tcp_retransmit_skb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int segs); void tcp_retransmit_timer(struct sock *sk); void tcp_xmit_retransmit_queue(struct sock *); void tcp_simple_retransmit(struct sock *); void tcp_enter_recovery(struct sock *sk, bool ece_ack); int tcp_trim_head(struct sock *, struct sk_buff *, u32); enum tcp_queue { TCP_FRAG_IN_WRITE_QUEUE, TCP_FRAG_IN_RTX_QUEUE, }; int tcp_fragment(struct sock *sk, enum tcp_queue tcp_queue, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 len, unsigned int mss_now, gfp_t gfp); void tcp_send_probe0(struct sock *); void tcp_send_partial(struct sock *); int tcp_write_wakeup(struct sock *, int mib); void tcp_send_fin(struct sock *sk); void tcp_send_active_reset(struct sock *sk, gfp_t priority); int tcp_send_synack(struct sock *); void tcp_push_one(struct sock *, unsigned int mss_now); void __tcp_send_ack(struct sock *sk, u32 rcv_nxt); void tcp_send_ack(struct sock *sk); void tcp_send_delayed_ack(struct sock *sk); void tcp_send_loss_probe(struct sock *sk); bool tcp_schedule_loss_probe(struct sock *sk, bool advancing_rto); void tcp_skb_collapse_tstamp(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct sk_buff *next_skb); /* tcp_input.c */ void tcp_rearm_rto(struct sock *sk); void tcp_synack_rtt_meas(struct sock *sk, struct request_sock *req); void tcp_reset(struct sock *sk); void tcp_skb_mark_lost_uncond_verify(struct tcp_sock *tp, struct sk_buff *skb); void tcp_fin(struct sock *sk); /* tcp_timer.c */ void tcp_init_xmit_timers(struct sock *); static inline void tcp_clear_xmit_timers(struct sock *sk) { if (hrtimer_try_to_cancel(&tcp_sk(sk)->pacing_timer) == 1) __sock_put(sk); if (hrtimer_try_to_cancel(&tcp_sk(sk)->compressed_ack_timer) == 1) __sock_put(sk); inet_csk_clear_xmit_timers(sk); } unsigned int tcp_sync_mss(struct sock *sk, u32 pmtu); unsigned int tcp_current_mss(struct sock *sk); u32 tcp_clamp_probe0_to_user_timeout(const struct sock *sk, u32 when); /* Bound MSS / TSO packet size with the half of the window */ static inline int tcp_bound_to_half_wnd(struct tcp_sock *tp, int pktsize) { int cutoff; /* When peer uses tiny windows, there is no use in packetizing * to sub-MSS pieces for the sake of SWS or making sure there * are enough packets in the pipe for fast recovery. * * On the other hand, for extremely large MSS devices, handling * smaller than MSS windows in this way does make sense. */ if (tp->max_window > TCP_MSS_DEFAULT) cutoff = (tp->max_window >> 1); else cutoff = tp->max_window; if (cutoff && pktsize > cutoff) return max_t(int, cutoff, 68U - tp->tcp_header_len); else return pktsize; } /* tcp.c */ void tcp_get_info(struct sock *, struct tcp_info *); /* Read 'sendfile()'-style from a TCP socket */ int tcp_read_sock(struct sock *sk, read_descriptor_t *desc, sk_read_actor_t recv_actor); void tcp_initialize_rcv_mss(struct sock *sk); int tcp_mtu_to_mss(struct sock *sk, int pmtu); int tcp_mss_to_mtu(struct sock *sk, int mss); void tcp_mtup_init(struct sock *sk); static inline void tcp_bound_rto(const struct sock *sk) { if (inet_csk(sk)->icsk_rto > TCP_RTO_MAX) inet_csk(sk)->icsk_rto = TCP_RTO_MAX; } static inline u32 __tcp_set_rto(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { return usecs_to_jiffies((tp->srtt_us >> 3) + tp->rttvar_us); } static inline void __tcp_fast_path_on(struct tcp_sock *tp, u32 snd_wnd) { /* mptcp hooks are only on the slow path */ if (sk_is_mptcp((struct sock *)tp)) return; tp->pred_flags = htonl((tp->tcp_header_len << 26) | ntohl(TCP_FLAG_ACK) | snd_wnd); } static inline void tcp_fast_path_on(struct tcp_sock *tp) { __tcp_fast_path_on(tp, tp->snd_wnd >> tp->rx_opt.snd_wscale); } static inline void tcp_fast_path_check(struct sock *sk) { struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk); if (RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&tp->out_of_order_queue) && tp->rcv_wnd && atomic_read(&sk->sk_rmem_alloc) < sk->sk_rcvbuf && !tp->urg_data) tcp_fast_path_on(tp); } /* Compute the actual rto_min value */ static inline u32 tcp_rto_min(struct sock *sk) { const struct dst_entry *dst = __sk_dst_get(sk); u32 rto_min = inet_csk(sk)->icsk_rto_min; if (dst && dst_metric_locked(dst, RTAX_RTO_MIN)) rto_min = dst_metric_rtt(dst, RTAX_RTO_MIN); return rto_min; } static inline u32 tcp_rto_min_us(struct sock *sk) { return jiffies_to_usecs(tcp_rto_min(sk)); } static inline bool tcp_ca_dst_locked(const struct dst_entry *dst) { return dst_metric_locked(dst, RTAX_CC_ALGO); } /* Minimum RTT in usec. ~0 means not available. */ static inline u32 tcp_min_rtt(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { return minmax_get(&tp->rtt_min); } /* Compute the actual receive window we are currently advertising. * Rcv_nxt can be after the window if our peer push more data * than the offered window. */ static inline u32 tcp_receive_window(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { s32 win = tp->rcv_wup + tp->rcv_wnd - tp->rcv_nxt; if (win < 0) win = 0; return (u32) win; } /* Choose a new window, without checks for shrinking, and without * scaling applied to the result. The caller does these things * if necessary. This is a "raw" window selection. */ u32 __tcp_select_window(struct sock *sk); void tcp_send_window_probe(struct sock *sk); /* TCP uses 32bit jiffies to save some space. * Note that this is different from tcp_time_stamp, which * historically has been the same until linux-4.13. */ #define tcp_jiffies32 ((u32)jiffies) /* * Deliver a 32bit value for TCP timestamp option (RFC 7323) * It is no longer tied to jiffies, but to 1 ms clock. * Note: double check if you want to use tcp_jiffies32 instead of this. */ #define TCP_TS_HZ 1000 static inline u64 tcp_clock_ns(void) { return ktime_get_ns(); } static inline u64 tcp_clock_us(void) { return div_u64(tcp_clock_ns(), NSEC_PER_USEC); } /* This should only be used in contexts where tp->tcp_mstamp is up to date */ static inline u32 tcp_time_stamp(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { return div_u64(tp->tcp_mstamp, USEC_PER_SEC / TCP_TS_HZ); } /* Convert a nsec timestamp into TCP TSval timestamp (ms based currently) */ static inline u32 tcp_ns_to_ts(u64 ns) { return div_u64(ns, NSEC_PER_SEC / TCP_TS_HZ); } /* Could use tcp_clock_us() / 1000, but this version uses a single divide */ static inline u32 tcp_time_stamp_raw(void) { return tcp_ns_to_ts(tcp_clock_ns()); } void tcp_mstamp_refresh(struct tcp_sock *tp); static inline u32 tcp_stamp_us_delta(u64 t1, u64 t0) { return max_t(s64, t1 - t0, 0); } static inline u32 tcp_skb_timestamp(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return tcp_ns_to_ts(skb->skb_mstamp_ns); } /* provide the departure time in us unit */ static inline u64 tcp_skb_timestamp_us(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return div_u64(skb->skb_mstamp_ns, NSEC_PER_USEC); } #define tcp_flag_byte(th) (((u_int8_t *)th)[13]) #define TCPHDR_FIN 0x01 #define TCPHDR_SYN 0x02 #define TCPHDR_RST 0x04 #define TCPHDR_PSH 0x08 #define TCPHDR_ACK 0x10 #define TCPHDR_URG 0x20 #define TCPHDR_ECE 0x40 #define TCPHDR_CWR 0x80 #define TCPHDR_SYN_ECN (TCPHDR_SYN | TCPHDR_ECE | TCPHDR_CWR) /* This is what the send packet queuing engine uses to pass * TCP per-packet control information to the transmission code. * We also store the host-order sequence numbers in here too. * This is 44 bytes if IPV6 is enabled. * If this grows please adjust skbuff.h:skbuff->cb[xxx] size appropriately. */ struct tcp_skb_cb { __u32 seq; /* Starting sequence number */ __u32 end_seq; /* SEQ + FIN + SYN + datalen */ union { /* Note : tcp_tw_isn is used in input path only * (isn chosen by tcp_timewait_state_process()) * * tcp_gso_segs/size are used in write queue only, * cf tcp_skb_pcount()/tcp_skb_mss() */ __u32 tcp_tw_isn; struct { u16 tcp_gso_segs; u16 tcp_gso_size; }; }; __u8 tcp_flags; /* TCP header flags. (tcp[13]) */ __u8 sacked; /* State flags for SACK. */ #define TCPCB_SACKED_ACKED 0x01 /* SKB ACK'd by a SACK block */ #define TCPCB_SACKED_RETRANS 0x02 /* SKB retransmitted */ #define TCPCB_LOST 0x04 /* SKB is lost */ #define TCPCB_TAGBITS 0x07 /* All tag bits */ #define TCPCB_REPAIRED 0x10 /* SKB repaired (no skb_mstamp_ns) */ #define TCPCB_EVER_RETRANS 0x80 /* Ever retransmitted frame */ #define TCPCB_RETRANS (TCPCB_SACKED_RETRANS|TCPCB_EVER_RETRANS| \ TCPCB_REPAIRED) __u8 ip_dsfield; /* IPv4 tos or IPv6 dsfield */ __u8 txstamp_ack:1, /* Record TX timestamp for ack? */ eor:1, /* Is skb MSG_EOR marked? */ has_rxtstamp:1, /* SKB has a RX timestamp */ unused:5; __u32 ack_seq; /* Sequence number ACK'd */ union { struct { /* There is space for up to 24 bytes */ __u32 in_flight:30,/* Bytes in flight at transmit */ is_app_limited:1, /* cwnd not fully used? */ unused:1; /* pkts S/ACKed so far upon tx of skb, incl retrans: */ __u32 delivered; /* start of send pipeline phase */ u64 first_tx_mstamp; /* when we reached the "delivered" count */ u64 delivered_mstamp; } tx; /* only used for outgoing skbs */ union { struct inet_skb_parm h4; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) struct inet6_skb_parm h6; #endif } header; /* For incoming skbs */ struct { __u32 flags; struct sock *sk_redir; void *data_end; } bpf; }; }; #define TCP_SKB_CB(__skb) ((struct tcp_skb_cb *)&((__skb)->cb[0])) static inline void bpf_compute_data_end_sk_skb(struct sk_buff *skb) { TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->bpf.data_end = skb->data + skb_headlen(skb); } static inline bool tcp_skb_bpf_ingress(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->bpf.flags & BPF_F_INGRESS; } static inline struct sock *tcp_skb_bpf_redirect_fetch(struct sk_buff *skb) { return TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->bpf.sk_redir; } static inline void tcp_skb_bpf_redirect_clear(struct sk_buff *skb) { TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->bpf.sk_redir = NULL; } extern const struct inet_connection_sock_af_ops ipv4_specific; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) /* This is the variant of inet6_iif() that must be used by TCP, * as TCP moves IP6CB into a different location in skb->cb[] */ static inline int tcp_v6_iif(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->header.h6.iif; } static inline int tcp_v6_iif_l3_slave(const struct sk_buff *skb) { bool l3_slave = ipv6_l3mdev_skb(TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->header.h6.flags); return l3_slave ? skb->skb_iif : TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->header.h6.iif; } /* TCP_SKB_CB reference means this can not be used from early demux */ static inline int tcp_v6_sdif(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_L3_MASTER_DEV) if (skb && ipv6_l3mdev_skb(TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->header.h6.flags)) return TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->header.h6.iif; #endif return 0; } extern const struct inet_connection_sock_af_ops ipv6_specific; INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(void tcp_v6_send_check(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(int tcp_v6_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(void tcp_v6_early_demux(struct sk_buff *skb)); #endif /* TCP_SKB_CB reference means this can not be used from early demux */ static inline int tcp_v4_sdif(struct sk_buff *skb) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_L3_MASTER_DEV) if (skb && ipv4_l3mdev_skb(TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->header.h4.flags)) return TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->header.h4.iif; #endif return 0; } /* Due to TSO, an SKB can be composed of multiple actual * packets. To keep these tracked properly, we use this. */ static inline int tcp_skb_pcount(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->tcp_gso_segs; } static inline void tcp_skb_pcount_set(struct sk_buff *skb, int segs) { TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->tcp_gso_segs = segs; } static inline void tcp_skb_pcount_add(struct sk_buff *skb, int segs) { TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->tcp_gso_segs += segs; } /* This is valid iff skb is in write queue and tcp_skb_pcount() > 1. */ static inline int tcp_skb_mss(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->tcp_gso_size; } static inline bool tcp_skb_can_collapse_to(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return likely(!TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->eor); } static inline bool tcp_skb_can_collapse(const struct sk_buff *to, const struct sk_buff *from) { return likely(tcp_skb_can_collapse_to(to) && mptcp_skb_can_collapse(to, from)); } /* Events passed to congestion control interface */ enum tcp_ca_event { CA_EVENT_TX_START, /* first transmit when no packets in flight */ CA_EVENT_CWND_RESTART, /* congestion window restart */ CA_EVENT_COMPLETE_CWR, /* end of congestion recovery */ CA_EVENT_LOSS, /* loss timeout */ CA_EVENT_ECN_NO_CE, /* ECT set, but not CE marked */ CA_EVENT_ECN_IS_CE, /* received CE marked IP packet */ }; /* Information about inbound ACK, passed to cong_ops->in_ack_event() */ enum tcp_ca_ack_event_flags { CA_ACK_SLOWPATH = (1 << 0), /* In slow path processing */ CA_ACK_WIN_UPDATE = (1 << 1), /* ACK updated window */ CA_ACK_ECE = (1 << 2), /* ECE bit is set on ack */ }; /* * Interface for adding new TCP congestion control handlers */ #define TCP_CA_NAME_MAX 16 #define TCP_CA_MAX 128 #define TCP_CA_BUF_MAX (TCP_CA_NAME_MAX*TCP_CA_MAX) #define TCP_CA_UNSPEC 0 /* Algorithm can be set on socket without CAP_NET_ADMIN privileges */ #define TCP_CONG_NON_RESTRICTED 0x1 /* Requires ECN/ECT set on all packets */ #define TCP_CONG_NEEDS_ECN 0x2 #define TCP_CONG_MASK (TCP_CONG_NON_RESTRICTED | TCP_CONG_NEEDS_ECN) union tcp_cc_info; struct ack_sample { u32 pkts_acked; s32 rtt_us; u32 in_flight; }; /* A rate sample measures the number of (original/retransmitted) data * packets delivered "delivered" over an interval of time "interval_us". * The tcp_rate.c code fills in the rate sample, and congestion * control modules that define a cong_control function to run at the end * of ACK processing can optionally chose to consult this sample when * setting cwnd and pacing rate. * A sample is invalid if "delivered" or "interval_us" is negative. */ struct rate_sample { u64 prior_mstamp; /* starting timestamp for interval */ u32 prior_delivered; /* tp->delivered at "prior_mstamp" */ s32 delivered; /* number of packets delivered over interval */ long interval_us; /* time for tp->delivered to incr "delivered" */ u32 snd_interval_us; /* snd interval for delivered packets */ u32 rcv_interval_us; /* rcv interval for delivered packets */ long rtt_us; /* RTT of last (S)ACKed packet (or -1) */ int losses; /* number of packets marked lost upon ACK */ u32 acked_sacked; /* number of packets newly (S)ACKed upon ACK */ u32 prior_in_flight; /* in flight before this ACK */ bool is_app_limited; /* is sample from packet with bubble in pipe? */ bool is_retrans; /* is sample from retransmission? */ bool is_ack_delayed; /* is this (likely) a delayed ACK? */ }; struct tcp_congestion_ops { struct list_head list; u32 key; u32 flags; /* initialize private data (optional) */ void (*init)(struct sock *sk); /* cleanup private data (optional) */ void (*release)(struct sock *sk); /* return slow start threshold (required) */ u32 (*ssthresh)(struct sock *sk); /* do new cwnd calculation (required) */ void (*cong_avoid)(struct sock *sk, u32 ack, u32 acked); /* call before changing ca_state (optional) */ void (*set_state)(struct sock *sk, u8 new_state); /* call when cwnd event occurs (optional) */ void (*cwnd_event)(struct sock *sk, enum tcp_ca_event ev); /* call when ack arrives (optional) */ void (*in_ack_event)(struct sock *sk, u32 flags); /* new value of cwnd after loss (required) */ u32 (*undo_cwnd)(struct sock *sk); /* hook for packet ack accounting (optional) */ void (*pkts_acked)(struct sock *sk, const struct ack_sample *sample); /* override sysctl_tcp_min_tso_segs */ u32 (*min_tso_segs)(struct sock *sk); /* returns the multiplier used in tcp_sndbuf_expand (optional) */ u32 (*sndbuf_expand)(struct sock *sk); /* call when packets are delivered to update cwnd and pacing rate, * after all the ca_state processing. (optional) */ void (*cong_control)(struct sock *sk, const struct rate_sample *rs); /* get info for inet_diag (optional) */ size_t (*get_info)(struct sock *sk, u32 ext, int *attr, union tcp_cc_info *info); char name[TCP_CA_NAME_MAX]; struct module *owner; }; int tcp_register_congestion_control(struct tcp_congestion_ops *type); void tcp_unregister_congestion_control(struct tcp_congestion_ops *type); void tcp_assign_congestion_control(struct sock *sk); void tcp_init_congestion_control(struct sock *sk); void tcp_cleanup_congestion_control(struct sock *sk); int tcp_set_default_congestion_control(struct net *net, const char *name); void tcp_get_default_congestion_control(struct net *net, char *name); void tcp_get_available_congestion_control(char *buf, size_t len); void tcp_get_allowed_congestion_control(char *buf, size_t len); int tcp_set_allowed_congestion_control(char *allowed); int tcp_set_congestion_control(struct sock *sk, const char *name, bool load, bool cap_net_admin); u32 tcp_slow_start(struct tcp_sock *tp, u32 acked); void tcp_cong_avoid_ai(struct tcp_sock *tp, u32 w, u32 acked); u32 tcp_reno_ssthresh(struct sock *sk); u32 tcp_reno_undo_cwnd(struct sock *sk); void tcp_reno_cong_avoid(struct sock *sk, u32 ack, u32 acked); extern struct tcp_congestion_ops tcp_reno; struct tcp_congestion_ops *tcp_ca_find(const char *name); struct tcp_congestion_ops *tcp_ca_find_key(u32 key); u32 tcp_ca_get_key_by_name(struct net *net, const char *name, bool *ecn_ca); #ifdef CONFIG_INET char *tcp_ca_get_name_by_key(u32 key, char *buffer); #else static inline char *tcp_ca_get_name_by_key(u32 key, char *buffer) { return NULL; } #endif static inline bool tcp_ca_needs_ecn(const struct sock *sk) { const struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk); return icsk->icsk_ca_ops->flags & TCP_CONG_NEEDS_ECN; } static inline void tcp_set_ca_state(struct sock *sk, const u8 ca_state) { struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk); if (icsk->icsk_ca_ops->set_state) icsk->icsk_ca_ops->set_state(sk, ca_state); icsk->icsk_ca_state = ca_state; } static inline void tcp_ca_event(struct sock *sk, const enum tcp_ca_event event) { const struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk); if (icsk->icsk_ca_ops->cwnd_event) icsk->icsk_ca_ops->cwnd_event(sk, event); } /* From tcp_rate.c */ void tcp_rate_skb_sent(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); void tcp_rate_skb_delivered(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct rate_sample *rs); void tcp_rate_gen(struct sock *sk, u32 delivered, u32 lost, bool is_sack_reneg, struct rate_sample *rs); void tcp_rate_check_app_limited(struct sock *sk); /* These functions determine how the current flow behaves in respect of SACK * handling. SACK is negotiated with the peer, and therefore it can vary * between different flows. * * tcp_is_sack - SACK enabled * tcp_is_reno - No SACK */ static inline int tcp_is_sack(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { return likely(tp->rx_opt.sack_ok); } static inline bool tcp_is_reno(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { return !tcp_is_sack(tp); } static inline unsigned int tcp_left_out(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { return tp->sacked_out + tp->lost_out; } /* This determines how many packets are "in the network" to the best * of our knowledge. In many cases it is conservative, but where * detailed information is available from the receiver (via SACK * blocks etc.) we can make more aggressive calculations. * * Use this for decisions involving congestion control, use just * tp->packets_out to determine if the send queue is empty or not. * * Read this equation as: * * "Packets sent once on transmission queue" MINUS * "Packets left network, but not honestly ACKed yet" PLUS * "Packets fast retransmitted" */ static inline unsigned int tcp_packets_in_flight(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { return tp->packets_out - tcp_left_out(tp) + tp->retrans_out; } #define TCP_INFINITE_SSTHRESH 0x7fffffff static inline bool tcp_in_slow_start(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { return tp->snd_cwnd < tp->snd_ssthresh; } static inline bool tcp_in_initial_slowstart(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { return tp->snd_ssthresh >= TCP_INFINITE_SSTHRESH; } static inline bool tcp_in_cwnd_reduction(const struct sock *sk) { return (TCPF_CA_CWR | TCPF_CA_Recovery) & (1 << inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ca_state); } /* If cwnd > ssthresh, we may raise ssthresh to be half-way to cwnd. * The exception is cwnd reduction phase, when cwnd is decreasing towards * ssthresh. */ static inline __u32 tcp_current_ssthresh(const struct sock *sk) { const struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk); if (tcp_in_cwnd_reduction(sk)) return tp->snd_ssthresh; else return max(tp->snd_ssthresh, ((tp->snd_cwnd >> 1) + (tp->snd_cwnd >> 2))); } /* Use define here intentionally to get WARN_ON location shown at the caller */ #define tcp_verify_left_out(tp) WARN_ON(tcp_left_out(tp) > tp->packets_out) void tcp_enter_cwr(struct sock *sk); __u32 tcp_init_cwnd(const struct tcp_sock *tp, const struct dst_entry *dst); /* The maximum number of MSS of available cwnd for which TSO defers * sending if not using sysctl_tcp_tso_win_divisor. */ static inline __u32 tcp_max_tso_deferred_mss(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { return 3; } /* Returns end sequence number of the receiver's advertised window */ static inline u32 tcp_wnd_end(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { return tp->snd_una + tp->snd_wnd; } /* We follow the spirit of RFC2861 to validate cwnd but implement a more * flexible approach. The RFC suggests cwnd should not be raised unless * it was fully used previously. And that's exactly what we do in * congestion avoidance mode. But in slow start we allow cwnd to grow * as long as the application has used half the cwnd. * Example : * cwnd is 10 (IW10), but application sends 9 frames. * We allow cwnd to reach 18 when all frames are ACKed. * This check is safe because it's as aggressive as slow start which already * risks 100% overshoot. The advantage is that we discourage application to * either send more filler packets or data to artificially blow up the cwnd * usage, and allow application-limited process to probe bw more aggressively. */ static inline bool tcp_is_cwnd_limited(const struct sock *sk) { const struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk); /* If in slow start, ensure cwnd grows to twice what was ACKed. */ if (tcp_in_slow_start(tp)) return tp->snd_cwnd < 2 * tp->max_packets_out; return tp->is_cwnd_limited; } /* BBR congestion control needs pacing. * Same remark for SO_MAX_PACING_RATE. * sch_fq packet scheduler is efficiently handling pacing, * but is not always installed/used. * Return true if TCP stack should pace packets itself. */ static inline bool tcp_needs_internal_pacing(const struct sock *sk) { return smp_load_acquire(&sk->sk_pacing_status) == SK_PACING_NEEDED; } /* Estimates in how many jiffies next packet for this flow can be sent. * Scheduling a retransmit timer too early would be silly. */ static inline unsigned long tcp_pacing_delay(const struct sock *sk) { s64 delay = tcp_sk(sk)->tcp_wstamp_ns - tcp_sk(sk)->tcp_clock_cache; return delay > 0 ? nsecs_to_jiffies(delay) : 0; } static inline void tcp_reset_xmit_timer(struct sock *sk, const int what, unsigned long when, const unsigned long max_when) { inet_csk_reset_xmit_timer(sk, what, when + tcp_pacing_delay(sk), max_when); } /* Something is really bad, we could not queue an additional packet, * because qdisc is full or receiver sent a 0 window, or we are paced. * We do not want to add fuel to the fire, or abort too early, * so make sure the timer we arm now is at least 200ms in the future, * regardless of current icsk_rto value (as it could be ~2ms) */ static inline unsigned long tcp_probe0_base(const struct sock *sk) { return max_t(unsigned long, inet_csk(sk)->icsk_rto, TCP_RTO_MIN); } /* Variant of inet_csk_rto_backoff() used for zero window probes */ static inline unsigned long tcp_probe0_when(const struct sock *sk, unsigned long max_when) { u64 when = (u64)tcp_probe0_base(sk) << inet_csk(sk)->icsk_backoff; return (unsigned long)min_t(u64, when, max_when); } static inline void tcp_check_probe_timer(struct sock *sk) { if (!tcp_sk(sk)->packets_out && !inet_csk(sk)->icsk_pending) tcp_reset_xmit_timer(sk, ICSK_TIME_PROBE0, tcp_probe0_base(sk), TCP_RTO_MAX); } static inline void tcp_init_wl(struct tcp_sock *tp, u32 seq) { tp->snd_wl1 = seq; } static inline void tcp_update_wl(struct tcp_sock *tp, u32 seq) { tp->snd_wl1 = seq; } /* * Calculate(/check) TCP checksum */ static inline __sum16 tcp_v4_check(int len, __be32 saddr, __be32 daddr, __wsum base) { return csum_tcpudp_magic(saddr, daddr, len, IPPROTO_TCP, base); } static inline bool tcp_checksum_complete(struct sk_buff *skb) { return !skb_csum_unnecessary(skb) && __skb_checksum_complete(skb); } bool tcp_add_backlog(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int tcp_filter(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); void tcp_set_state(struct sock *sk, int state); void tcp_done(struct sock *sk); int tcp_abort(struct sock *sk, int err); static inline void tcp_sack_reset(struct tcp_options_received *rx_opt) { rx_opt->dsack = 0; rx_opt->num_sacks = 0; } void tcp_cwnd_restart(struct sock *sk, s32 delta); static inline void tcp_slow_start_after_idle_check(struct sock *sk) { const struct tcp_congestion_ops *ca_ops = inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ca_ops; struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk); s32 delta; if (!sock_net(sk)->ipv4.sysctl_tcp_slow_start_after_idle || tp->packets_out || ca_ops->cong_control) return; delta = tcp_jiffies32 - tp->lsndtime; if (delta > inet_csk(sk)->icsk_rto) tcp_cwnd_restart(sk, delta); } /* Determine a window scaling and initial window to offer. */ void tcp_select_initial_window(const struct sock *sk, int __space, __u32 mss, __u32 *rcv_wnd, __u32 *window_clamp, int wscale_ok, __u8 *rcv_wscale, __u32 init_rcv_wnd); static inline int tcp_win_from_space(const struct sock *sk, int space) { int tcp_adv_win_scale = sock_net(sk)->ipv4.sysctl_tcp_adv_win_scale; return tcp_adv_win_scale <= 0 ? (space>>(-tcp_adv_win_scale)) : space - (space>>tcp_adv_win_scale); } /* Note: caller must be prepared to deal with negative returns */ static inline int tcp_space(const struct sock *sk) { return tcp_win_from_space(sk, READ_ONCE(sk->sk_rcvbuf) - READ_ONCE(sk->sk_backlog.len) - atomic_read(&sk->sk_rmem_alloc)); } static inline int tcp_full_space(const struct sock *sk) { return tcp_win_from_space(sk, READ_ONCE(sk->sk_rcvbuf)); } void tcp_cleanup_rbuf(struct sock *sk, int copied); /* We provision sk_rcvbuf around 200% of sk_rcvlowat. * If 87.5 % (7/8) of the space has been consumed, we want to override * SO_RCVLOWAT constraint, since we are receiving skbs with too small * len/truesize ratio. */ static inline bool tcp_rmem_pressure(const struct sock *sk) { int rcvbuf, threshold; if (tcp_under_memory_pressure(sk)) return true; rcvbuf = READ_ONCE(sk->sk_rcvbuf); threshold = rcvbuf - (rcvbuf >> 3); return atomic_read(&sk->sk_rmem_alloc) > threshold; } extern void tcp_openreq_init_rwin(struct request_sock *req, const struct sock *sk_listener, const struct dst_entry *dst); void tcp_enter_memory_pressure(struct sock *sk); void tcp_leave_memory_pressure(struct sock *sk); static inline int keepalive_intvl_when(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { struct net *net = sock_net((struct sock *)tp); return tp->keepalive_intvl ? : net->ipv4.sysctl_tcp_keepalive_intvl; } static inline int keepalive_time_when(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { struct net *net = sock_net((struct sock *)tp); return tp->keepalive_time ? : net->ipv4.sysctl_tcp_keepalive_time; } static inline int keepalive_probes(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { struct net *net = sock_net((struct sock *)tp); return tp->keepalive_probes ? : net->ipv4.sysctl_tcp_keepalive_probes; } static inline u32 keepalive_time_elapsed(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { const struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = &tp->inet_conn; return min_t(u32, tcp_jiffies32 - icsk->icsk_ack.lrcvtime, tcp_jiffies32 - tp->rcv_tstamp); } static inline int tcp_fin_time(const struct sock *sk) { int fin_timeout = tcp_sk(sk)->linger2 ? : sock_net(sk)->ipv4.sysctl_tcp_fin_timeout; const int rto = inet_csk(sk)->icsk_rto; if (fin_timeout < (rto << 2) - (rto >> 1)) fin_timeout = (rto << 2) - (rto >> 1); return fin_timeout; } static inline bool tcp_paws_check(const struct tcp_options_received *rx_opt, int paws_win) { if ((s32)(rx_opt->ts_recent - rx_opt->rcv_tsval) <= paws_win) return true; if (unlikely(!time_before32(ktime_get_seconds(), rx_opt->ts_recent_stamp + TCP_PAWS_24DAYS))) return true; /* * Some OSes send SYN and SYNACK messages with tsval=0 tsecr=0, * then following tcp messages have valid values. Ignore 0 value, * or else 'negative' tsval might forbid us to accept their packets. */ if (!rx_opt->ts_recent) return true; return false; } static inline bool tcp_paws_reject(const struct tcp_options_received *rx_opt, int rst) { if (tcp_paws_check(rx_opt, 0)) return false; /* RST segments are not recommended to carry timestamp, and, if they do, it is recommended to ignore PAWS because "their cleanup function should take precedence over timestamps." Certainly, it is mistake. It is necessary to understand the reasons of this constraint to relax it: if peer reboots, clock may go out-of-sync and half-open connections will not be reset. Actually, the problem would be not existing if all the implementations followed draft about maintaining clock via reboots. Linux-2.2 DOES NOT! However, we can relax time bounds for RST segments to MSL. */ if (rst && !time_before32(ktime_get_seconds(), rx_opt->ts_recent_stamp + TCP_PAWS_MSL)) return false; return true; } bool tcp_oow_rate_limited(struct net *net, const struct sk_buff *skb, int mib_idx, u32 *last_oow_ack_time); static inline void tcp_mib_init(struct net *net) { /* See RFC 2012 */ TCP_ADD_STATS(net, TCP_MIB_RTOALGORITHM, 1); TCP_ADD_STATS(net, TCP_MIB_RTOMIN, TCP_RTO_MIN*1000/HZ); TCP_ADD_STATS(net, TCP_MIB_RTOMAX, TCP_RTO_MAX*1000/HZ); TCP_ADD_STATS(net, TCP_MIB_MAXCONN, -1); } /* from STCP */ static inline void tcp_clear_retrans_hints_partial(struct tcp_sock *tp) { tp->lost_skb_hint = NULL; } static inline void tcp_clear_all_retrans_hints(struct tcp_sock *tp) { tcp_clear_retrans_hints_partial(tp); tp->retransmit_skb_hint = NULL; } union tcp_md5_addr { struct in_addr a4; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) struct in6_addr a6; #endif }; /* - key database */ struct tcp_md5sig_key { struct hlist_node node; u8 keylen; u8 family; /* AF_INET or AF_INET6 */ u8 prefixlen; union tcp_md5_addr addr; int l3index; /* set if key added with L3 scope */ u8 key[TCP_MD5SIG_MAXKEYLEN]; struct rcu_head rcu; }; /* - sock block */ struct tcp_md5sig_info { struct hlist_head head; struct rcu_head rcu; }; /* - pseudo header */ struct tcp4_pseudohdr { __be32 saddr; __be32 daddr; __u8 pad; __u8 protocol; __be16 len; }; struct tcp6_pseudohdr { struct in6_addr saddr; struct in6_addr daddr; __be32 len; __be32 protocol; /* including padding */ }; union tcp_md5sum_block { struct tcp4_pseudohdr ip4; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) struct tcp6_pseudohdr ip6; #endif }; /* - pool: digest algorithm, hash description and scratch buffer */ struct tcp_md5sig_pool { struct ahash_request *md5_req; void *scratch; }; /* - functions */ int tcp_v4_md5_hash_skb(char *md5_hash, const struct tcp_md5sig_key *key, const struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb); int tcp_md5_do_add(struct sock *sk, const union tcp_md5_addr *addr, int family, u8 prefixlen, int l3index, const u8 *newkey, u8 newkeylen, gfp_t gfp); int tcp_md5_do_del(struct sock *sk, const union tcp_md5_addr *addr, int family, u8 prefixlen, int l3index); struct tcp_md5sig_key *tcp_v4_md5_lookup(const struct sock *sk, const struct sock *addr_sk); #ifdef CONFIG_TCP_MD5SIG #include <linux/jump_label.h> extern struct static_key_false tcp_md5_needed; struct tcp_md5sig_key *__tcp_md5_do_lookup(const struct sock *sk, int l3index, const union tcp_md5_addr *addr, int family); static inline struct tcp_md5sig_key * tcp_md5_do_lookup(const struct sock *sk, int l3index, const union tcp_md5_addr *addr, int family) { if (!static_branch_unlikely(&tcp_md5_needed)) return NULL; return __tcp_md5_do_lookup(sk, l3index, addr, family); } #define tcp_twsk_md5_key(twsk) ((twsk)->tw_md5_key) #else static inline struct tcp_md5sig_key * tcp_md5_do_lookup(const struct sock *sk, int l3index, const union tcp_md5_addr *addr, int family) { return NULL; } #define tcp_twsk_md5_key(twsk) NULL #endif bool tcp_alloc_md5sig_pool(void); struct tcp_md5sig_pool *tcp_get_md5sig_pool(void); static inline void tcp_put_md5sig_pool(void) { local_bh_enable(); } int tcp_md5_hash_skb_data(struct tcp_md5sig_pool *, const struct sk_buff *, unsigned int header_len); int tcp_md5_hash_key(struct tcp_md5sig_pool *hp, const struct tcp_md5sig_key *key); /* From tcp_fastopen.c */ void tcp_fastopen_cache_get(struct sock *sk, u16 *mss, struct tcp_fastopen_cookie *cookie); void tcp_fastopen_cache_set(struct sock *sk, u16 mss, struct tcp_fastopen_cookie *cookie, bool syn_lost, u16 try_exp); struct tcp_fastopen_request { /* Fast Open cookie. Size 0 means a cookie request */ struct tcp_fastopen_cookie cookie; struct msghdr *data; /* data in MSG_FASTOPEN */ size_t size; int copied; /* queued in tcp_connect() */ struct ubuf_info *uarg; }; void tcp_free_fastopen_req(struct tcp_sock *tp); void tcp_fastopen_destroy_cipher(struct sock *sk); void tcp_fastopen_ctx_destroy(struct net *net); int tcp_fastopen_reset_cipher(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, void *primary_key, void *backup_key); int tcp_fastopen_get_cipher(struct net *net, struct inet_connection_sock *icsk, u64 *key); void tcp_fastopen_add_skb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); struct sock *tcp_try_fastopen(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct request_sock *req, struct tcp_fastopen_cookie *foc, const struct dst_entry *dst); void tcp_fastopen_init_key_once(struct net *net); bool tcp_fastopen_cookie_check(struct sock *sk, u16 *mss, struct tcp_fastopen_cookie *cookie); bool tcp_fastopen_defer_connect(struct sock *sk, int *err); #define TCP_FASTOPEN_KEY_LENGTH sizeof(siphash_key_t) #define TCP_FASTOPEN_KEY_MAX 2 #define TCP_FASTOPEN_KEY_BUF_LENGTH \ (TCP_FASTOPEN_KEY_LENGTH * TCP_FASTOPEN_KEY_MAX) /* Fastopen key context */ struct tcp_fastopen_context { siphash_key_t key[TCP_FASTOPEN_KEY_MAX]; int num; struct rcu_head rcu; }; extern unsigned int sysctl_tcp_fastopen_blackhole_timeout; void tcp_fastopen_active_disable(struct sock *sk); bool tcp_fastopen_active_should_disable(struct sock *sk); void tcp_fastopen_active_disable_ofo_check(struct sock *sk); void tcp_fastopen_active_detect_blackhole(struct sock *sk, bool expired); /* Caller needs to wrap with rcu_read_(un)lock() */ static inline struct tcp_fastopen_context *tcp_fastopen_get_ctx(const struct sock *sk) { struct tcp_fastopen_context *ctx; ctx = rcu_dereference(inet_csk(sk)->icsk_accept_queue.fastopenq.ctx); if (!ctx) ctx = rcu_dereference(sock_net(sk)->ipv4.tcp_fastopen_ctx); return ctx; } static inline bool tcp_fastopen_cookie_match(const struct tcp_fastopen_cookie *foc, const struct tcp_fastopen_cookie *orig) { if (orig->len == TCP_FASTOPEN_COOKIE_SIZE && orig->len == foc->len && !memcmp(orig->val, foc->val, foc->len)) return true; return false; } static inline int tcp_fastopen_context_len(const struct tcp_fastopen_context *ctx) { return ctx->num; } /* Latencies incurred by various limits for a sender. They are * chronograph-like stats that are mutually exclusive. */ enum tcp_chrono { TCP_CHRONO_UNSPEC, TCP_CHRONO_BUSY, /* Actively sending data (non-empty write queue) */ TCP_CHRONO_RWND_LIMITED, /* Stalled by insufficient receive window */ TCP_CHRONO_SNDBUF_LIMITED, /* Stalled by insufficient send buffer */ __TCP_CHRONO_MAX, }; void tcp_chrono_start(struct sock *sk, const enum tcp_chrono type); void tcp_chrono_stop(struct sock *sk, const enum tcp_chrono type); /* This helper is needed, because skb->tcp_tsorted_anchor uses * the same memory storage than skb->destructor/_skb_refdst */ static inline void tcp_skb_tsorted_anchor_cleanup(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->destructor = NULL; skb->_skb_refdst = 0UL; } #define tcp_skb_tsorted_save(skb) { \ unsigned long _save = skb->_skb_refdst; \ skb->_skb_refdst = 0UL; #define tcp_skb_tsorted_restore(skb) \ skb->_skb_refdst = _save; \ } void tcp_write_queue_purge(struct sock *sk); static inline struct sk_buff *tcp_rtx_queue_head(const struct sock *sk) { return skb_rb_first(&sk->tcp_rtx_queue); } static inline struct sk_buff *tcp_rtx_queue_tail(const struct sock *sk) { return skb_rb_last(&sk->tcp_rtx_queue); } static inline struct sk_buff *tcp_write_queue_head(const struct sock *sk) { return skb_peek(&sk->sk_write_queue); } static inline struct sk_buff *tcp_write_queue_tail(const struct sock *sk) { return skb_peek_tail(&sk->sk_write_queue); } #define tcp_for_write_queue_from_safe(skb, tmp, sk) \ skb_queue_walk_from_safe(&(sk)->sk_write_queue, skb, tmp) static inline struct sk_buff *tcp_send_head(const struct sock *sk) { return skb_peek(&sk->sk_write_queue); } static inline bool tcp_skb_is_last(const struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_queue_is_last(&sk->sk_write_queue, skb); } /** * tcp_write_queue_empty - test if any payload (or FIN) is available in write queue * @sk: socket * * Since the write queue can have a temporary empty skb in it, * we must not use "return skb_queue_empty(&sk->sk_write_queue)" */ static inline bool tcp_write_queue_empty(const struct sock *sk) { const struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk); return tp->write_seq == tp->snd_nxt; } static inline bool tcp_rtx_queue_empty(const struct sock *sk) { return RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&sk->tcp_rtx_queue); } static inline bool tcp_rtx_and_write_queues_empty(const struct sock *sk) { return tcp_rtx_queue_empty(sk) && tcp_write_queue_empty(sk); } static inline void tcp_add_write_queue_tail(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { __skb_queue_tail(&sk->sk_write_queue, skb); /* Queue it, remembering where we must start sending. */ if (sk->sk_write_queue.next == skb) tcp_chrono_start(sk, TCP_CHRONO_BUSY); } /* Insert new before skb on the write queue of sk. */ static inline void tcp_insert_write_queue_before(struct sk_buff *new, struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk) { __skb_queue_before(&sk->sk_write_queue, skb, new); } static inline void tcp_unlink_write_queue(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk) { tcp_skb_tsorted_anchor_cleanup(skb); __skb_unlink(skb, &sk->sk_write_queue); } void tcp_rbtree_insert(struct rb_root *root, struct sk_buff *skb); static inline void tcp_rtx_queue_unlink(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk) { tcp_skb_tsorted_anchor_cleanup(skb); rb_erase(&skb->rbnode, &sk->tcp_rtx_queue); } static inline void tcp_rtx_queue_unlink_and_free(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk) { list_del(&skb->tcp_tsorted_anchor); tcp_rtx_queue_unlink(skb, sk); sk_wmem_free_skb(sk, skb); } static inline void tcp_push_pending_frames(struct sock *sk) { if (tcp_send_head(sk)) { struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk); __tcp_push_pending_frames(sk, tcp_current_mss(sk), tp->nonagle); } } /* Start sequence of the skb just after the highest skb with SACKed * bit, valid only if sacked_out > 0 or when the caller has ensured * validity by itself. */ static inline u32 tcp_highest_sack_seq(struct tcp_sock *tp) { if (!tp->sacked_out) return tp->snd_una; if (tp->highest_sack == NULL) return tp->snd_nxt; return TCP_SKB_CB(tp->highest_sack)->seq; } static inline void tcp_advance_highest_sack(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { tcp_sk(sk)->highest_sack = skb_rb_next(skb); } static inline struct sk_buff *tcp_highest_sack(struct sock *sk) { return tcp_sk(sk)->highest_sack; } static inline void tcp_highest_sack_reset(struct sock *sk) { tcp_sk(sk)->highest_sack = tcp_rtx_queue_head(sk); } /* Called when old skb is about to be deleted and replaced by new skb */ static inline void tcp_highest_sack_replace(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *old, struct sk_buff *new) { if (old == tcp_highest_sack(sk)) tcp_sk(sk)->highest_sack = new; } /* This helper checks if socket has IP_TRANSPARENT set */ static inline bool inet_sk_transparent(const struct sock *sk) { switch (sk->sk_state) { case TCP_TIME_WAIT: return inet_twsk(sk)->tw_transparent; case TCP_NEW_SYN_RECV: return inet_rsk(inet_reqsk(sk))->no_srccheck; } return inet_sk(sk)->transparent; } /* Determines whether this is a thin stream (which may suffer from * increased latency). Used to trigger latency-reducing mechanisms. */ static inline bool tcp_stream_is_thin(struct tcp_sock *tp) { return tp->packets_out < 4 && !tcp_in_initial_slowstart(tp); } /* /proc */ enum tcp_seq_states { TCP_SEQ_STATE_LISTENING, TCP_SEQ_STATE_ESTABLISHED, }; void *tcp_seq_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos); void *tcp_seq_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *v, loff_t *pos); void tcp_seq_stop(struct seq_file *seq, void *v); struct tcp_seq_afinfo { sa_family_t family; }; struct tcp_iter_state { struct seq_net_private p; enum tcp_seq_states state; struct sock *syn_wait_sk; struct tcp_seq_afinfo *bpf_seq_afinfo; int bucket, offset, sbucket, num; loff_t last_pos; }; extern struct request_sock_ops tcp_request_sock_ops; extern struct request_sock_ops tcp6_request_sock_ops; void tcp_v4_destroy_sock(struct sock *sk); struct sk_buff *tcp_gso_segment(struct sk_buff *skb, netdev_features_t features); struct sk_buff *tcp_gro_receive(struct list_head *head, struct sk_buff *skb); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(int tcp4_gro_complete(struct sk_buff *skb, int thoff)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(struct sk_buff *tcp4_gro_receive(struct list_head *head, struct sk_buff *skb)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(int tcp6_gro_complete(struct sk_buff *skb, int thoff)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(struct sk_buff *tcp6_gro_receive(struct list_head *head, struct sk_buff *skb)); int tcp_gro_complete(struct sk_buff *skb); void __tcp_v4_send_check(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 saddr, __be32 daddr); static inline u32 tcp_notsent_lowat(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { struct net *net = sock_net((struct sock *)tp); return tp->notsent_lowat ?: net->ipv4.sysctl_tcp_notsent_lowat; } /* @wake is one when sk_stream_write_space() calls us. * This sends EPOLLOUT only if notsent_bytes is half the limit. * This mimics the strategy used in sock_def_write_space(). */ static inline bool tcp_stream_memory_free(const struct sock *sk, int wake) { const struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk); u32 notsent_bytes = READ_ONCE(tp->write_seq) - READ_ONCE(tp->snd_nxt); return (notsent_bytes << wake) < tcp_notsent_lowat(tp); } #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS int tcp4_proc_init(void); void tcp4_proc_exit(void); #endif int tcp_rtx_synack(const struct sock *sk, struct request_sock *req); int tcp_conn_request(struct request_sock_ops *rsk_ops, const struct tcp_request_sock_ops *af_ops, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); /* TCP af-specific functions */ struct tcp_sock_af_ops { #ifdef CONFIG_TCP_MD5SIG struct tcp_md5sig_key *(*md5_lookup) (const struct sock *sk, const struct sock *addr_sk); int (*calc_md5_hash)(char *location, const struct tcp_md5sig_key *md5, const struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb); int (*md5_parse)(struct sock *sk, int optname, sockptr_t optval, int optlen); #endif }; struct tcp_request_sock_ops { u16 mss_clamp; #ifdef CONFIG_TCP_MD5SIG struct tcp_md5sig_key *(*req_md5_lookup)(const struct sock *sk, const struct sock *addr_sk); int (*calc_md5_hash) (char *location, const struct tcp_md5sig_key *md5, const struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb); #endif void (*init_req)(struct request_sock *req, const struct sock *sk_listener, struct sk_buff *skb); #ifdef CONFIG_SYN_COOKIES __u32 (*cookie_init_seq)(const struct sk_buff *skb, __u16 *mss); #endif struct dst_entry *(*route_req)(const struct sock *sk, struct flowi *fl, const struct request_sock *req); u32 (*init_seq)(const struct sk_buff *skb); u32 (*init_ts_off)(const struct net *net, const struct sk_buff *skb); int (*send_synack)(const struct sock *sk, struct dst_entry *dst, struct flowi *fl, struct request_sock *req, struct tcp_fastopen_cookie *foc, enum tcp_synack_type synack_type, struct sk_buff *syn_skb); }; extern const struct tcp_request_sock_ops tcp_request_sock_ipv4_ops; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) extern const struct tcp_request_sock_ops tcp_request_sock_ipv6_ops; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SYN_COOKIES static inline __u32 cookie_init_sequence(const struct tcp_request_sock_ops *ops, const struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, __u16 *mss) { tcp_synq_overflow(sk); __NET_INC_STATS(sock_net(sk), LINUX_MIB_SYNCOOKIESSENT); return ops->cookie_init_seq(skb, mss); } #else static inline __u32 cookie_init_sequence(const struct tcp_request_sock_ops *ops, const struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, __u16 *mss) { return 0; } #endif int tcpv4_offload_init(void); void tcp_v4_init(void); void tcp_init(void); /* tcp_recovery.c */ void tcp_mark_skb_lost(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); void tcp_newreno_mark_lost(struct sock *sk, bool snd_una_advanced); extern s32 tcp_rack_skb_timeout(struct tcp_sock *tp, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 reo_wnd); extern bool tcp_rack_mark_lost(struct sock *sk); extern void tcp_rack_advance(struct tcp_sock *tp, u8 sacked, u32 end_seq, u64 xmit_time); extern void tcp_rack_reo_timeout(struct sock *sk); extern void tcp_rack_update_reo_wnd(struct sock *sk, struct rate_sample *rs); /* At how many usecs into the future should the RTO fire? */ static inline s64 tcp_rto_delta_us(const struct sock *sk) { const struct sk_buff *skb = tcp_rtx_queue_head(sk); u32 rto = inet_csk(sk)->icsk_rto; u64 rto_time_stamp_us = tcp_skb_timestamp_us(skb) + jiffies_to_usecs(rto); return rto_time_stamp_us - tcp_sk(sk)->tcp_mstamp; } /* * Save and compile IPv4 options, return a pointer to it */ static inline struct ip_options_rcu *tcp_v4_save_options(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb) { const struct ip_options *opt = &TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->header.h4.opt; struct ip_options_rcu *dopt = NULL; if (opt->optlen) { int opt_size = sizeof(*dopt) + opt->optlen; dopt = kmalloc(opt_size, GFP_ATOMIC); if (dopt && __ip_options_echo(net, &dopt->opt, skb, opt)) { kfree(dopt); dopt = NULL; } } return dopt; } /* locally generated TCP pure ACKs have skb->truesize == 2 * (check tcp_send_ack() in net/ipv4/tcp_output.c ) * This is much faster than dissecting the packet to find out. * (Think of GRE encapsulations, IPv4, IPv6, ...) */ static inline bool skb_is_tcp_pure_ack(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->truesize == 2; } static inline void skb_set_tcp_pure_ack(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->truesize = 2; } static inline int tcp_inq(struct sock *sk) { struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk); int answ; if ((1 << sk->sk_state) & (TCPF_SYN_SENT | TCPF_SYN_RECV)) { answ = 0; } else if (sock_flag(sk, SOCK_URGINLINE) || !tp->urg_data || before(tp->urg_seq, tp->copied_seq) || !before(tp->urg_seq, tp->rcv_nxt)) { answ = tp->rcv_nxt - tp->copied_seq; /* Subtract 1, if FIN was received */ if (answ && sock_flag(sk, SOCK_DONE)) answ--; } else { answ = tp->urg_seq - tp->copied_seq; } return answ; } int tcp_peek_len(struct socket *sock); static inline void tcp_segs_in(struct tcp_sock *tp, const struct sk_buff *skb) { u16 segs_in; segs_in = max_t(u16, 1, skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_segs); tp->segs_in += segs_in; if (skb->len > tcp_hdrlen(skb)) tp->data_segs_in += segs_in; } /* * TCP listen path runs lockless. * We forced "struct sock" to be const qualified to make sure * we don't modify one of its field by mistake. * Here, we increment sk_drops which is an atomic_t, so we can safely * make sock writable again. */ static inline void tcp_listendrop(const struct sock *sk) { atomic_inc(&((struct sock *)sk)->sk_drops); __NET_INC_STATS(sock_net(sk), LINUX_MIB_LISTENDROPS); } enum hrtimer_restart tcp_pace_kick(struct hrtimer *timer); /* * Interface for adding Upper Level Protocols over TCP */ #define TCP_ULP_NAME_MAX 16 #define TCP_ULP_MAX 128 #define TCP_ULP_BUF_MAX (TCP_ULP_NAME_MAX*TCP_ULP_MAX) struct tcp_ulp_ops { struct list_head list; /* initialize ulp */ int (*init)(struct sock *sk); /* update ulp */ void (*update)(struct sock *sk, struct proto *p, void (*write_space)(struct sock *sk)); /* cleanup ulp */ void (*release)(struct sock *sk); /* diagnostic */ int (*get_info)(const struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); size_t (*get_info_size)(const struct sock *sk); /* clone ulp */ void (*clone)(const struct request_sock *req, struct sock *newsk, const gfp_t priority); char name[TCP_ULP_NAME_MAX]; struct module *owner; }; int tcp_register_ulp(struct tcp_ulp_ops *type); void tcp_unregister_ulp(struct tcp_ulp_ops *type); int tcp_set_ulp(struct sock *sk, const char *name); void tcp_get_available_ulp(char *buf, size_t len); void tcp_cleanup_ulp(struct sock *sk); void tcp_update_ulp(struct sock *sk, struct proto *p, void (*write_space)(struct sock *sk)); #define MODULE_ALIAS_TCP_ULP(name) \ __MODULE_INFO(alias, alias_userspace, name); \ __MODULE_INFO(alias, alias_tcp_ulp, "tcp-ulp-" name) struct sk_msg; struct sk_psock; #ifdef CONFIG_BPF_STREAM_PARSER struct proto *tcp_bpf_get_proto(struct sock *sk, struct sk_psock *psock); void tcp_bpf_clone(const struct sock *sk, struct sock *newsk); #else static inline void tcp_bpf_clone(const struct sock *sk, struct sock *newsk) { } #endif /* CONFIG_BPF_STREAM_PARSER */ #ifdef CONFIG_NET_SOCK_MSG int tcp_bpf_sendmsg_redir(struct sock *sk, struct sk_msg *msg, u32 bytes, int flags); int __tcp_bpf_recvmsg(struct sock *sk, struct sk_psock *psock, struct msghdr *msg, int len, int flags); #endif /* CONFIG_NET_SOCK_MSG */ #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_BPF static inline void bpf_skops_init_skb(struct bpf_sock_ops_kern *skops, struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int end_offset) { skops->skb = skb; skops->skb_data_end = skb->data + end_offset; } #else static inline void bpf_skops_init_skb(struct bpf_sock_ops_kern *skops, struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int end_offset) { } #endif /* Call BPF_SOCK_OPS program that returns an int. If the return value * is < 0, then the BPF op failed (for example if the loaded BPF * program does not support the chosen operation or there is no BPF * program loaded). */ #ifdef CONFIG_BPF static inline int tcp_call_bpf(struct sock *sk, int op, u32 nargs, u32 *args) { struct bpf_sock_ops_kern sock_ops; int ret; memset(&sock_ops, 0, offsetof(struct bpf_sock_ops_kern, temp)); if (sk_fullsock(sk)) { sock_ops.is_fullsock = 1; sock_owned_by_me(sk); } sock_ops.sk = sk; sock_ops.op = op; if (nargs > 0) memcpy(sock_ops.args, args, nargs * sizeof(*args)); ret = BPF_CGROUP_RUN_PROG_SOCK_OPS(&sock_ops); if (ret == 0) ret = sock_ops.reply; else ret = -1; return ret; } static inline int tcp_call_bpf_2arg(struct sock *sk, int op, u32 arg1, u32 arg2) { u32 args[2] = {arg1, arg2}; return tcp_call_bpf(sk, op, 2, args); } static inline int tcp_call_bpf_3arg(struct sock *sk, int op, u32 arg1, u32 arg2, u32 arg3) { u32 args[3] = {arg1, arg2, arg3}; return tcp_call_bpf(sk, op, 3, args); } #else static inline int tcp_call_bpf(struct sock *sk, int op, u32 nargs, u32 *args) { return -EPERM; } static inline int tcp_call_bpf_2arg(struct sock *sk, int op, u32 arg1, u32 arg2) { return -EPERM; } static inline int tcp_call_bpf_3arg(struct sock *sk, int op, u32 arg1, u32 arg2, u32 arg3) { return -EPERM; } #endif static inline u32 tcp_timeout_init(struct sock *sk) { int timeout; timeout = tcp_call_bpf(sk, BPF_SOCK_OPS_TIMEOUT_INIT, 0, NULL); if (timeout <= 0) timeout = TCP_TIMEOUT_INIT; return timeout; } static inline u32 tcp_rwnd_init_bpf(struct sock *sk) { int rwnd; rwnd = tcp_call_bpf(sk, BPF_SOCK_OPS_RWND_INIT, 0, NULL); if (rwnd < 0) rwnd = 0; return rwnd; } static inline bool tcp_bpf_ca_needs_ecn(struct sock *sk) { return (tcp_call_bpf(sk, BPF_SOCK_OPS_NEEDS_ECN, 0, NULL) == 1); } static inline void tcp_bpf_rtt(struct sock *sk) { if (BPF_SOCK_OPS_TEST_FLAG(tcp_sk(sk), BPF_SOCK_OPS_RTT_CB_FLAG)) tcp_call_bpf(sk, BPF_SOCK_OPS_RTT_CB, 0, NULL); } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SMC) extern struct static_key_false tcp_have_smc; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_TLS_DEVICE) void clean_acked_data_enable(struct inet_connection_sock *icsk, void (*cad)(struct sock *sk, u32 ack_seq)); void clean_acked_data_disable(struct inet_connection_sock *icsk); void clean_acked_data_flush(void); #endif DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(tcp_tx_delay_enabled); static inline void tcp_add_tx_delay(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct tcp_sock *tp) { if (static_branch_unlikely(&tcp_tx_delay_enabled)) skb->skb_mstamp_ns += (u64)tp->tcp_tx_delay * NSEC_PER_USEC; } /* Compute Earliest Departure Time for some control packets * like ACK or RST for TIME_WAIT or non ESTABLISHED sockets. */ static inline u64 tcp_transmit_time(const struct sock *sk) { if (static_branch_unlikely(&tcp_tx_delay_enabled)) { u32 delay = (sk->sk_state == TCP_TIME_WAIT) ? tcp_twsk(sk)->tw_tx_delay : tcp_sk(sk)->tcp_tx_delay; return tcp_clock_ns() + (u64)delay * NSEC_PER_USEC; } return 0; } #endif /* _TCP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* Filesystem parameter description and parser * * Copyright (C) 2018 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved. * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com) */ #ifndef _LINUX_FS_PARSER_H #define _LINUX_FS_PARSER_H #include <linux/fs_context.h> struct path; struct constant_table { const char *name; int value; }; struct fs_parameter_spec; struct fs_parse_result; typedef int fs_param_type(struct p_log *, const struct fs_parameter_spec *, struct fs_parameter *, struct fs_parse_result *); /* * The type of parameter expected. */ fs_param_type fs_param_is_bool, fs_param_is_u32, fs_param_is_s32, fs_param_is_u64, fs_param_is_enum, fs_param_is_string, fs_param_is_blob, fs_param_is_blockdev, fs_param_is_path, fs_param_is_fd; /* * Specification of the type of value a parameter wants. * * Note that the fsparam_flag(), fsparam_string(), fsparam_u32(), ... macros * should be used to generate elements of this type. */ struct fs_parameter_spec { const char *name; fs_param_type *type; /* The desired parameter type */ u8 opt; /* Option number (returned by fs_parse()) */ unsigned short flags; #define fs_param_neg_with_no 0x0002 /* "noxxx" is negative param */ #define fs_param_neg_with_empty 0x0004 /* "xxx=" is negative param */ #define fs_param_deprecated 0x0008 /* The param is deprecated */ const void *data; }; /* * Result of parse. */ struct fs_parse_result { bool negated; /* T if param was "noxxx" */ union { bool boolean; /* For spec_bool */ int int_32; /* For spec_s32/spec_enum */ unsigned int uint_32; /* For spec_u32{,_octal,_hex}/spec_enum */ u64 uint_64; /* For spec_u64 */ }; }; extern int __fs_parse(struct p_log *log, const struct fs_parameter_spec *desc, struct fs_parameter *value, struct fs_parse_result *result); static inline int fs_parse(struct fs_context *fc, const struct fs_parameter_spec *desc, struct fs_parameter *param, struct fs_parse_result *result) { return __fs_parse(&fc->log, desc, param, result); } extern int fs_lookup_param(struct fs_context *fc, struct fs_parameter *param, bool want_bdev, struct path *_path); extern int lookup_constant(const struct constant_table tbl[], const char *name, int not_found); #ifdef CONFIG_VALIDATE_FS_PARSER extern bool validate_constant_table(const struct constant_table *tbl, size_t tbl_size, int low, int high, int special); extern bool fs_validate_description(const char *name, const struct fs_parameter_spec *desc); #else static inline bool validate_constant_table(const struct constant_table *tbl, size_t tbl_size, int low, int high, int special) { return true; } static inline bool fs_validate_description(const char *name, const struct fs_parameter_spec *desc) { return true; } #endif /* * Parameter type, name, index and flags element constructors. Use as: * * fsparam_xxxx("foo", Opt_foo) * * If existing helpers are not enough, direct use of __fsparam() would * work, but any such case is probably a sign that new helper is needed. * Helpers will remain stable; low-level implementation may change. */ #define __fsparam(TYPE, NAME, OPT, FLAGS, DATA) \ { \ .name = NAME, \ .opt = OPT, \ .type = TYPE, \ .flags = FLAGS, \ .data = DATA \ } #define fsparam_flag(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(NULL, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_flag_no(NAME, OPT) \ __fsparam(NULL, NAME, OPT, fs_param_neg_with_no, NULL) #define fsparam_bool(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(fs_param_is_bool, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_u32(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(fs_param_is_u32, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_u32oct(NAME, OPT) \ __fsparam(fs_param_is_u32, NAME, OPT, 0, (void *)8) #define fsparam_u32hex(NAME, OPT) \ __fsparam(fs_param_is_u32_hex, NAME, OPT, 0, (void *)16) #define fsparam_s32(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(fs_param_is_s32, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_u64(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(fs_param_is_u64, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_enum(NAME, OPT, array) __fsparam(fs_param_is_enum, NAME, OPT, 0, array) #define fsparam_string(NAME, OPT) \ __fsparam(fs_param_is_string, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_blob(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(fs_param_is_blob, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_bdev(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(fs_param_is_blockdev, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_path(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(fs_param_is_path, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_fd(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(fs_param_is_fd, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #endif /* _LINUX_FS_PARSER_H */
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2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036 2037 2038 2039 2040 2041 2042 2043 2044 2045 2046 2047 2048 2049 2050 2051 2052 2053 2054 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Copyright 2003-2005 Red Hat, Inc. All rights reserved. * Copyright 2003-2005 Jeff Garzik * * libata documentation is available via 'make {ps|pdf}docs', * as Documentation/driver-api/libata.rst */ #ifndef __LINUX_LIBATA_H__ #define __LINUX_LIBATA_H__ #include <linux/delay.h> #include <linux/jiffies.h> #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/dma-mapping.h> #include <linux/scatterlist.h> #include <linux/io.h> #include <linux/ata.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <scsi/scsi_host.h> #include <linux/acpi.h> #include <linux/cdrom.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/async.h> /* * Define if arch has non-standard setup. This is a _PCI_ standard * not a legacy or ISA standard. */ #ifdef CONFIG_ATA_NONSTANDARD #include <asm/libata-portmap.h> #else #define ATA_PRIMARY_IRQ(dev) 14 #define ATA_SECONDARY_IRQ(dev) 15 #endif /* * compile-time options: to be removed as soon as all the drivers are * converted to the new debugging mechanism */ #undef ATA_DEBUG /* debugging output */ #undef ATA_VERBOSE_DEBUG /* yet more debugging output */ #undef ATA_IRQ_TRAP /* define to ack screaming irqs */ #undef ATA_NDEBUG /* define to disable quick runtime checks */ /* note: prints function name for you */ #ifdef ATA_DEBUG #define DPRINTK(fmt, args...) printk(KERN_ERR "%s: " fmt, __func__, ## args) #ifdef ATA_VERBOSE_DEBUG #define VPRINTK(fmt, args...) printk(KERN_ERR "%s: " fmt, __func__, ## args) #else #define VPRINTK(fmt, args...) #endif /* ATA_VERBOSE_DEBUG */ #else #define DPRINTK(fmt, args...) #define VPRINTK(fmt, args...) #endif /* ATA_DEBUG */ #define ata_print_version_once(dev, version) \ ({ \ static bool __print_once; \ \ if (!__print_once) { \ __print_once = true; \ ata_print_version(dev, version); \ } \ }) /* NEW: debug levels */ #define HAVE_LIBATA_MSG 1 enum { ATA_MSG_DRV = 0x0001, ATA_MSG_INFO = 0x0002, ATA_MSG_PROBE = 0x0004, ATA_MSG_WARN = 0x0008, ATA_MSG_MALLOC = 0x0010, ATA_MSG_CTL = 0x0020, ATA_MSG_INTR = 0x0040, ATA_MSG_ERR = 0x0080, }; #define ata_msg_drv(p) ((p)->msg_enable & ATA_MSG_DRV) #define ata_msg_info(p) ((p)->msg_enable & ATA_MSG_INFO) #define ata_msg_probe(p) ((p)->msg_enable & ATA_MSG_PROBE) #define ata_msg_warn(p) ((p)->msg_enable & ATA_MSG_WARN) #define ata_msg_malloc(p) ((p)->msg_enable & ATA_MSG_MALLOC) #define ata_msg_ctl(p) ((p)->msg_enable & ATA_MSG_CTL) #define ata_msg_intr(p) ((p)->msg_enable & ATA_MSG_INTR) #define ata_msg_err(p) ((p)->msg_enable & ATA_MSG_ERR) static inline u32 ata_msg_init(int dval, int default_msg_enable_bits) { if (dval < 0 || dval >= (sizeof(u32) * 8)) return default_msg_enable_bits; /* should be 0x1 - only driver info msgs */ if (!dval) return 0; return (1 << dval) - 1; } /* defines only for the constants which don't work well as enums */ #define ATA_TAG_POISON 0xfafbfcfdU enum { /* various global constants */ LIBATA_MAX_PRD = ATA_MAX_PRD / 2, LIBATA_DUMB_MAX_PRD = ATA_MAX_PRD / 4, /* Worst case */ ATA_DEF_QUEUE = 1, ATA_MAX_QUEUE = 32, ATA_TAG_INTERNAL = ATA_MAX_QUEUE, ATA_SHORT_PAUSE = 16, ATAPI_MAX_DRAIN = 16 << 10, ATA_ALL_DEVICES = (1 << ATA_MAX_DEVICES) - 1, ATA_SHT_EMULATED = 1, ATA_SHT_THIS_ID = -1, /* struct ata_taskfile flags */ ATA_TFLAG_LBA48 = (1 << 0), /* enable 48-bit LBA and "HOB" */ ATA_TFLAG_ISADDR = (1 << 1), /* enable r/w to nsect/lba regs */ ATA_TFLAG_DEVICE = (1 << 2), /* enable r/w to device reg */ ATA_TFLAG_WRITE = (1 << 3), /* data dir: host->dev==1 (write) */ ATA_TFLAG_LBA = (1 << 4), /* enable LBA */ ATA_TFLAG_FUA = (1 << 5), /* enable FUA */ ATA_TFLAG_POLLING = (1 << 6), /* set nIEN to 1 and use polling */ /* struct ata_device stuff */ ATA_DFLAG_LBA = (1 << 0), /* device supports LBA */ ATA_DFLAG_LBA48 = (1 << 1), /* device supports LBA48 */ ATA_DFLAG_CDB_INTR = (1 << 2), /* device asserts INTRQ when ready for CDB */ ATA_DFLAG_NCQ = (1 << 3), /* device supports NCQ */ ATA_DFLAG_FLUSH_EXT = (1 << 4), /* do FLUSH_EXT instead of FLUSH */ ATA_DFLAG_ACPI_PENDING = (1 << 5), /* ACPI resume action pending */ ATA_DFLAG_ACPI_FAILED = (1 << 6), /* ACPI on devcfg has failed */ ATA_DFLAG_AN = (1 << 7), /* AN configured */ ATA_DFLAG_TRUSTED = (1 << 8), /* device supports trusted send/recv */ ATA_DFLAG_DMADIR = (1 << 10), /* device requires DMADIR */ ATA_DFLAG_CFG_MASK = (1 << 12) - 1, ATA_DFLAG_PIO = (1 << 12), /* device limited to PIO mode */ ATA_DFLAG_NCQ_OFF = (1 << 13), /* device limited to non-NCQ mode */ ATA_DFLAG_SLEEPING = (1 << 15), /* device is sleeping */ ATA_DFLAG_DUBIOUS_XFER = (1 << 16), /* data transfer not verified */ ATA_DFLAG_NO_UNLOAD = (1 << 17), /* device doesn't support unload */ ATA_DFLAG_UNLOCK_HPA = (1 << 18), /* unlock HPA */ ATA_DFLAG_NCQ_SEND_RECV = (1 << 19), /* device supports NCQ SEND and RECV */ ATA_DFLAG_NCQ_PRIO = (1 << 20), /* device supports NCQ priority */ ATA_DFLAG_NCQ_PRIO_ENABLE = (1 << 21), /* Priority cmds sent to dev */ ATA_DFLAG_INIT_MASK = (1 << 24) - 1, ATA_DFLAG_DETACH = (1 << 24), ATA_DFLAG_DETACHED = (1 << 25), ATA_DFLAG_DA = (1 << 26), /* device supports Device Attention */ ATA_DFLAG_DEVSLP = (1 << 27), /* device supports Device Sleep */ ATA_DFLAG_ACPI_DISABLED = (1 << 28), /* ACPI for the device is disabled */ ATA_DFLAG_D_SENSE = (1 << 29), /* Descriptor sense requested */ ATA_DFLAG_ZAC = (1 << 30), /* ZAC device */ ATA_DEV_UNKNOWN = 0, /* unknown device */ ATA_DEV_ATA = 1, /* ATA device */ ATA_DEV_ATA_UNSUP = 2, /* ATA device (unsupported) */ ATA_DEV_ATAPI = 3, /* ATAPI device */ ATA_DEV_ATAPI_UNSUP = 4, /* ATAPI device (unsupported) */ ATA_DEV_PMP = 5, /* SATA port multiplier */ ATA_DEV_PMP_UNSUP = 6, /* SATA port multiplier (unsupported) */ ATA_DEV_SEMB = 7, /* SEMB */ ATA_DEV_SEMB_UNSUP = 8, /* SEMB (unsupported) */ ATA_DEV_ZAC = 9, /* ZAC device */ ATA_DEV_ZAC_UNSUP = 10, /* ZAC device (unsupported) */ ATA_DEV_NONE = 11, /* no device */ /* struct ata_link flags */ /* NOTE: struct ata_force_param currently stores lflags in u16 */ ATA_LFLAG_NO_HRST = (1 << 1), /* avoid hardreset */ ATA_LFLAG_NO_SRST = (1 << 2), /* avoid softreset */ ATA_LFLAG_ASSUME_ATA = (1 << 3), /* assume ATA class */ ATA_LFLAG_ASSUME_SEMB = (1 << 4), /* assume SEMB class */ ATA_LFLAG_ASSUME_CLASS = ATA_LFLAG_ASSUME_ATA | ATA_LFLAG_ASSUME_SEMB, ATA_LFLAG_NO_RETRY = (1 << 5), /* don't retry this link */ ATA_LFLAG_DISABLED = (1 << 6), /* link is disabled */ ATA_LFLAG_SW_ACTIVITY = (1 << 7), /* keep activity stats */ ATA_LFLAG_NO_LPM = (1 << 8), /* disable LPM on this link */ ATA_LFLAG_RST_ONCE = (1 << 9), /* limit recovery to one reset */ ATA_LFLAG_CHANGED = (1 << 10), /* LPM state changed on this link */ ATA_LFLAG_NO_DB_DELAY = (1 << 11), /* no debounce delay on link resume */ /* struct ata_port flags */ ATA_FLAG_SLAVE_POSS = (1 << 0), /* host supports slave dev */ /* (doesn't imply presence) */ ATA_FLAG_SATA = (1 << 1), ATA_FLAG_NO_LPM = (1 << 2), /* host not happy with LPM */ ATA_FLAG_NO_LOG_PAGE = (1 << 5), /* do not issue log page read */ ATA_FLAG_NO_ATAPI = (1 << 6), /* No ATAPI support */ ATA_FLAG_PIO_DMA = (1 << 7), /* PIO cmds via DMA */ ATA_FLAG_PIO_LBA48 = (1 << 8), /* Host DMA engine is LBA28 only */ ATA_FLAG_PIO_POLLING = (1 << 9), /* use polling PIO if LLD * doesn't handle PIO interrupts */ ATA_FLAG_NCQ = (1 << 10), /* host supports NCQ */ ATA_FLAG_NO_POWEROFF_SPINDOWN = (1 << 11), /* don't spindown before poweroff */ ATA_FLAG_NO_HIBERNATE_SPINDOWN = (1 << 12), /* don't spindown before hibernation */ ATA_FLAG_DEBUGMSG = (1 << 13), ATA_FLAG_FPDMA_AA = (1 << 14), /* driver supports Auto-Activate */ ATA_FLAG_IGN_SIMPLEX = (1 << 15), /* ignore SIMPLEX */ ATA_FLAG_NO_IORDY = (1 << 16), /* controller lacks iordy */ ATA_FLAG_ACPI_SATA = (1 << 17), /* need native SATA ACPI layout */ ATA_FLAG_AN = (1 << 18), /* controller supports AN */ ATA_FLAG_PMP = (1 << 19), /* controller supports PMP */ ATA_FLAG_FPDMA_AUX = (1 << 20), /* controller supports H2DFIS aux field */ ATA_FLAG_EM = (1 << 21), /* driver supports enclosure * management */ ATA_FLAG_SW_ACTIVITY = (1 << 22), /* driver supports sw activity * led */ ATA_FLAG_NO_DIPM = (1 << 23), /* host not happy with DIPM */ ATA_FLAG_SAS_HOST = (1 << 24), /* SAS host */ /* bits 24:31 of ap->flags are reserved for LLD specific flags */ /* struct ata_port pflags */ ATA_PFLAG_EH_PENDING = (1 << 0), /* EH pending */ ATA_PFLAG_EH_IN_PROGRESS = (1 << 1), /* EH in progress */ ATA_PFLAG_FROZEN = (1 << 2), /* port is frozen */ ATA_PFLAG_RECOVERED = (1 << 3), /* recovery action performed */ ATA_PFLAG_LOADING = (1 << 4), /* boot/loading probe */ ATA_PFLAG_SCSI_HOTPLUG = (1 << 6), /* SCSI hotplug scheduled */ ATA_PFLAG_INITIALIZING = (1 << 7), /* being initialized, don't touch */ ATA_PFLAG_RESETTING = (1 << 8), /* reset in progress */ ATA_PFLAG_UNLOADING = (1 << 9), /* driver is being unloaded */ ATA_PFLAG_UNLOADED = (1 << 10), /* driver is unloaded */ ATA_PFLAG_SUSPENDED = (1 << 17), /* port is suspended (power) */ ATA_PFLAG_PM_PENDING = (1 << 18), /* PM operation pending */ ATA_PFLAG_INIT_GTM_VALID = (1 << 19), /* initial gtm data valid */ ATA_PFLAG_PIO32 = (1 << 20), /* 32bit PIO */ ATA_PFLAG_PIO32CHANGE = (1 << 21), /* 32bit PIO can be turned on/off */ ATA_PFLAG_EXTERNAL = (1 << 22), /* eSATA/external port */ /* struct ata_queued_cmd flags */ ATA_QCFLAG_ACTIVE = (1 << 0), /* cmd not yet ack'd to scsi lyer */ ATA_QCFLAG_DMAMAP = (1 << 1), /* SG table is DMA mapped */ ATA_QCFLAG_IO = (1 << 3), /* standard IO command */ ATA_QCFLAG_RESULT_TF = (1 << 4), /* result TF requested */ ATA_QCFLAG_CLEAR_EXCL = (1 << 5), /* clear excl_link on completion */ ATA_QCFLAG_QUIET = (1 << 6), /* don't report device error */ ATA_QCFLAG_RETRY = (1 << 7), /* retry after failure */ ATA_QCFLAG_FAILED = (1 << 16), /* cmd failed and is owned by EH */ ATA_QCFLAG_SENSE_VALID = (1 << 17), /* sense data valid */ ATA_QCFLAG_EH_SCHEDULED = (1 << 18), /* EH scheduled (obsolete) */ /* host set flags */ ATA_HOST_SIMPLEX = (1 << 0), /* Host is simplex, one DMA channel per host only */ ATA_HOST_STARTED = (1 << 1), /* Host started */ ATA_HOST_PARALLEL_SCAN = (1 << 2), /* Ports on this host can be scanned in parallel */ ATA_HOST_IGNORE_ATA = (1 << 3), /* Ignore ATA devices on this host. */ /* bits 24:31 of host->flags are reserved for LLD specific flags */ /* various lengths of time */ ATA_TMOUT_BOOT = 30000, /* heuristic */ ATA_TMOUT_BOOT_QUICK = 7000, /* heuristic */ ATA_TMOUT_INTERNAL_QUICK = 5000, ATA_TMOUT_MAX_PARK = 30000, /* * GoVault needs 2s and iVDR disk HHD424020F7SV00 800ms. 2s * is too much without parallel probing. Use 2s if parallel * probing is available, 800ms otherwise. */ ATA_TMOUT_FF_WAIT_LONG = 2000, ATA_TMOUT_FF_WAIT = 800, /* Spec mandates to wait for ">= 2ms" before checking status * after reset. We wait 150ms, because that was the magic * delay used for ATAPI devices in Hale Landis's ATADRVR, for * the period of time between when the ATA command register is * written, and then status is checked. Because waiting for * "a while" before checking status is fine, post SRST, we * perform this magic delay here as well. * * Old drivers/ide uses the 2mS rule and then waits for ready. */ ATA_WAIT_AFTER_RESET = 150, /* If PMP is supported, we have to do follow-up SRST. As some * PMPs don't send D2H Reg FIS after hardreset, LLDs are * advised to wait only for the following duration before * doing SRST. */ ATA_TMOUT_PMP_SRST_WAIT = 5000, /* When the LPM policy is set to ATA_LPM_MAX_POWER, there might * be a spurious PHY event, so ignore the first PHY event that * occurs within 10s after the policy change. */ ATA_TMOUT_SPURIOUS_PHY = 10000, /* ATA bus states */ BUS_UNKNOWN = 0, BUS_DMA = 1, BUS_IDLE = 2, BUS_NOINTR = 3, BUS_NODATA = 4, BUS_TIMER = 5, BUS_PIO = 6, BUS_EDD = 7, BUS_IDENTIFY = 8, BUS_PACKET = 9, /* SATA port states */ PORT_UNKNOWN = 0, PORT_ENABLED = 1, PORT_DISABLED = 2, /* encoding various smaller bitmaps into a single * unsigned long bitmap */ ATA_NR_PIO_MODES = 7, ATA_NR_MWDMA_MODES = 5, ATA_NR_UDMA_MODES = 8, ATA_SHIFT_PIO = 0, ATA_SHIFT_MWDMA = ATA_SHIFT_PIO + ATA_NR_PIO_MODES, ATA_SHIFT_UDMA = ATA_SHIFT_MWDMA + ATA_NR_MWDMA_MODES, ATA_SHIFT_PRIO = 6, ATA_PRIO_HIGH = 2, /* size of buffer to pad xfers ending on unaligned boundaries */ ATA_DMA_PAD_SZ = 4, /* ering size */ ATA_ERING_SIZE = 32, /* return values for ->qc_defer */ ATA_DEFER_LINK = 1, ATA_DEFER_PORT = 2, /* desc_len for ata_eh_info and context */ ATA_EH_DESC_LEN = 80, /* reset / recovery action types */ ATA_EH_REVALIDATE = (1 << 0), ATA_EH_SOFTRESET = (1 << 1), /* meaningful only in ->prereset */ ATA_EH_HARDRESET = (1 << 2), /* meaningful only in ->prereset */ ATA_EH_RESET = ATA_EH_SOFTRESET | ATA_EH_HARDRESET, ATA_EH_ENABLE_LINK = (1 << 3), ATA_EH_PARK = (1 << 5), /* unload heads and stop I/O */ ATA_EH_PERDEV_MASK = ATA_EH_REVALIDATE | ATA_EH_PARK, ATA_EH_ALL_ACTIONS = ATA_EH_REVALIDATE | ATA_EH_RESET | ATA_EH_ENABLE_LINK, /* ata_eh_info->flags */ ATA_EHI_HOTPLUGGED = (1 << 0), /* could have been hotplugged */ ATA_EHI_NO_AUTOPSY = (1 << 2), /* no autopsy */ ATA_EHI_QUIET = (1 << 3), /* be quiet */ ATA_EHI_NO_RECOVERY = (1 << 4), /* no recovery */ ATA_EHI_DID_SOFTRESET = (1 << 16), /* already soft-reset this port */ ATA_EHI_DID_HARDRESET = (1 << 17), /* already soft-reset this port */ ATA_EHI_PRINTINFO = (1 << 18), /* print configuration info */ ATA_EHI_SETMODE = (1 << 19), /* configure transfer mode */ ATA_EHI_POST_SETMODE = (1 << 20), /* revalidating after setmode */ ATA_EHI_DID_RESET = ATA_EHI_DID_SOFTRESET | ATA_EHI_DID_HARDRESET, /* mask of flags to transfer *to* the slave link */ ATA_EHI_TO_SLAVE_MASK = ATA_EHI_NO_AUTOPSY | ATA_EHI_QUIET, /* max tries if error condition is still set after ->error_handler */ ATA_EH_MAX_TRIES = 5, /* sometimes resuming a link requires several retries */ ATA_LINK_RESUME_TRIES = 5, /* how hard are we gonna try to probe/recover devices */ ATA_PROBE_MAX_TRIES = 3, ATA_EH_DEV_TRIES = 3, ATA_EH_PMP_TRIES = 5, ATA_EH_PMP_LINK_TRIES = 3, SATA_PMP_RW_TIMEOUT = 3000, /* PMP read/write timeout */ /* This should match the actual table size of * ata_eh_cmd_timeout_table in libata-eh.c. */ ATA_EH_CMD_TIMEOUT_TABLE_SIZE = 7, /* Horkage types. May be set by libata or controller on drives (some horkage may be drive/controller pair dependent */ ATA_HORKAGE_DIAGNOSTIC = (1 << 0), /* Failed boot diag */ ATA_HORKAGE_NODMA = (1 << 1), /* DMA problems */ ATA_HORKAGE_NONCQ = (1 << 2), /* Don't use NCQ */ ATA_HORKAGE_MAX_SEC_128 = (1 << 3), /* Limit max sects to 128 */ ATA_HORKAGE_BROKEN_HPA = (1 << 4), /* Broken HPA */ ATA_HORKAGE_DISABLE = (1 << 5), /* Disable it */ ATA_HORKAGE_HPA_SIZE = (1 << 6), /* native size off by one */ ATA_HORKAGE_IVB = (1 << 8), /* cbl det validity bit bugs */ ATA_HORKAGE_STUCK_ERR = (1 << 9), /* stuck ERR on next PACKET */ ATA_HORKAGE_BRIDGE_OK = (1 << 10), /* no bridge limits */ ATA_HORKAGE_ATAPI_MOD16_DMA = (1 << 11), /* use ATAPI DMA for commands not multiple of 16 bytes */ ATA_HORKAGE_FIRMWARE_WARN = (1 << 12), /* firmware update warning */ ATA_HORKAGE_1_5_GBPS = (1 << 13), /* force 1.5 Gbps */ ATA_HORKAGE_NOSETXFER = (1 << 14), /* skip SETXFER, SATA only */ ATA_HORKAGE_BROKEN_FPDMA_AA = (1 << 15), /* skip AA */ ATA_HORKAGE_DUMP_ID = (1 << 16), /* dump IDENTIFY data */ ATA_HORKAGE_MAX_SEC_LBA48 = (1 << 17), /* Set max sects to 65535 */ ATA_HORKAGE_ATAPI_DMADIR = (1 << 18), /* device requires dmadir */ ATA_HORKAGE_NO_NCQ_TRIM = (1 << 19), /* don't use queued TRIM */ ATA_HORKAGE_NOLPM = (1 << 20), /* don't use LPM */ ATA_HORKAGE_WD_BROKEN_LPM = (1 << 21), /* some WDs have broken LPM */ ATA_HORKAGE_ZERO_AFTER_TRIM = (1 << 22),/* guarantees zero after trim */ ATA_HORKAGE_NO_DMA_LOG = (1 << 23), /* don't use DMA for log read */ ATA_HORKAGE_NOTRIM = (1 << 24), /* don't use TRIM */ ATA_HORKAGE_MAX_SEC_1024 = (1 << 25), /* Limit max sects to 1024 */ ATA_HORKAGE_MAX_TRIM_128M = (1 << 26), /* Limit max trim size to 128M */ ATA_HORKAGE_NO_NCQ_ON_ATI = (1 << 27), /* Disable NCQ on ATI chipset */ /* DMA mask for user DMA control: User visible values; DO NOT renumber */ ATA_DMA_MASK_ATA = (1 << 0), /* DMA on ATA Disk */ ATA_DMA_MASK_ATAPI = (1 << 1), /* DMA on ATAPI */ ATA_DMA_MASK_CFA = (1 << 2), /* DMA on CF Card */ /* ATAPI command types */ ATAPI_READ = 0, /* READs */ ATAPI_WRITE = 1, /* WRITEs */ ATAPI_READ_CD = 2, /* READ CD [MSF] */ ATAPI_PASS_THRU = 3, /* SAT pass-thru */ ATAPI_MISC = 4, /* the rest */ /* Timing constants */ ATA_TIMING_SETUP = (1 << 0), ATA_TIMING_ACT8B = (1 << 1), ATA_TIMING_REC8B = (1 << 2), ATA_TIMING_CYC8B = (1 << 3), ATA_TIMING_8BIT = ATA_TIMING_ACT8B | ATA_TIMING_REC8B | ATA_TIMING_CYC8B, ATA_TIMING_ACTIVE = (1 << 4), ATA_TIMING_RECOVER = (1 << 5), ATA_TIMING_DMACK_HOLD = (1 << 6), ATA_TIMING_CYCLE = (1 << 7), ATA_TIMING_UDMA = (1 << 8), ATA_TIMING_ALL = ATA_TIMING_SETUP | ATA_TIMING_ACT8B | ATA_TIMING_REC8B | ATA_TIMING_CYC8B | ATA_TIMING_ACTIVE | ATA_TIMING_RECOVER | ATA_TIMING_DMACK_HOLD | ATA_TIMING_CYCLE | ATA_TIMING_UDMA, /* ACPI constants */ ATA_ACPI_FILTER_SETXFER = 1 << 0, ATA_ACPI_FILTER_LOCK = 1 << 1, ATA_ACPI_FILTER_DIPM = 1 << 2, ATA_ACPI_FILTER_FPDMA_OFFSET = 1 << 3, /* FPDMA non-zero offset */ ATA_ACPI_FILTER_FPDMA_AA = 1 << 4, /* FPDMA auto activate */ ATA_ACPI_FILTER_DEFAULT = ATA_ACPI_FILTER_SETXFER | ATA_ACPI_FILTER_LOCK | ATA_ACPI_FILTER_DIPM, }; enum ata_xfer_mask { ATA_MASK_PIO = ((1LU << ATA_NR_PIO_MODES) - 1) << ATA_SHIFT_PIO, ATA_MASK_MWDMA = ((1LU << ATA_NR_MWDMA_MODES) - 1) << ATA_SHIFT_MWDMA, ATA_MASK_UDMA = ((1LU << ATA_NR_UDMA_MODES) - 1) << ATA_SHIFT_UDMA, }; enum hsm_task_states { HSM_ST_IDLE, /* no command on going */ HSM_ST_FIRST, /* (waiting the device to) write CDB or first data block */ HSM_ST, /* (waiting the device to) transfer data */ HSM_ST_LAST, /* (waiting the device to) complete command */ HSM_ST_ERR, /* error */ }; enum ata_completion_errors { AC_ERR_OK = 0, /* no error */ AC_ERR_DEV = (1 << 0), /* device reported error */ AC_ERR_HSM = (1 << 1), /* host state machine violation */ AC_ERR_TIMEOUT = (1 << 2), /* timeout */ AC_ERR_MEDIA = (1 << 3), /* media error */ AC_ERR_ATA_BUS = (1 << 4), /* ATA bus error */ AC_ERR_HOST_BUS = (1 << 5), /* host bus error */ AC_ERR_SYSTEM = (1 << 6), /* system error */ AC_ERR_INVALID = (1 << 7), /* invalid argument */ AC_ERR_OTHER = (1 << 8), /* unknown */ AC_ERR_NODEV_HINT = (1 << 9), /* polling device detection hint */ AC_ERR_NCQ = (1 << 10), /* marker for offending NCQ qc */ }; /* * Link power management policy: If you alter this, you also need to * alter libata-scsi.c (for the ascii descriptions) */ enum ata_lpm_policy { ATA_LPM_UNKNOWN, ATA_LPM_MAX_POWER, ATA_LPM_MED_POWER, ATA_LPM_MED_POWER_WITH_DIPM, /* Med power + DIPM as win IRST does */ ATA_LPM_MIN_POWER_WITH_PARTIAL, /* Min Power + partial and slumber */ ATA_LPM_MIN_POWER, /* Min power + no partial (slumber only) */ }; enum ata_lpm_hints { ATA_LPM_EMPTY = (1 << 0), /* port empty/probing */ ATA_LPM_HIPM = (1 << 1), /* may use HIPM */ ATA_LPM_WAKE_ONLY = (1 << 2), /* only wake up link */ }; /* forward declarations */ struct scsi_device; struct ata_port_operations; struct ata_port; struct ata_link; struct ata_queued_cmd; /* typedefs */ typedef void (*ata_qc_cb_t) (struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); typedef int (*ata_prereset_fn_t)(struct ata_link *link, unsigned long deadline); typedef int (*ata_reset_fn_t)(struct ata_link *link, unsigned int *classes, unsigned long deadline); typedef void (*ata_postreset_fn_t)(struct ata_link *link, unsigned int *classes); extern struct device_attribute dev_attr_unload_heads; #ifdef CONFIG_SATA_HOST extern struct device_attribute dev_attr_link_power_management_policy; extern struct device_attribute dev_attr_ncq_prio_enable; extern struct device_attribute dev_attr_em_message_type; extern struct device_attribute dev_attr_em_message; extern struct device_attribute dev_attr_sw_activity; #endif enum sw_activity { OFF, BLINK_ON, BLINK_OFF, }; struct ata_taskfile { unsigned long flags; /* ATA_TFLAG_xxx */ u8 protocol; /* ATA_PROT_xxx */ u8 ctl; /* control reg */ u8 hob_feature; /* additional data */ u8 hob_nsect; /* to support LBA48 */ u8 hob_lbal; u8 hob_lbam; u8 hob_lbah; u8 feature; u8 nsect; u8 lbal; u8 lbam; u8 lbah; u8 device; u8 command; /* IO operation */ u32 auxiliary; /* auxiliary field */ /* from SATA 3.1 and */ /* ATA-8 ACS-3 */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_ATA_SFF struct ata_ioports { void __iomem *cmd_addr; void __iomem *data_addr; void __iomem *error_addr; void __iomem *feature_addr; void __iomem *nsect_addr; void __iomem *lbal_addr; void __iomem *lbam_addr; void __iomem *lbah_addr; void __iomem *device_addr; void __iomem *status_addr; void __iomem *command_addr; void __iomem *altstatus_addr; void __iomem *ctl_addr; #ifdef CONFIG_ATA_BMDMA void __iomem *bmdma_addr; #endif /* CONFIG_ATA_BMDMA */ void __iomem *scr_addr; }; #endif /* CONFIG_ATA_SFF */ struct ata_host { spinlock_t lock; struct device *dev; void __iomem * const *iomap; unsigned int n_ports; unsigned int n_tags; /* nr of NCQ tags */ void *private_data; struct ata_port_operations *ops; unsigned long flags; struct kref kref; struct mutex eh_mutex; struct task_struct *eh_owner; struct ata_port *simplex_claimed; /* channel owning the DMA */ struct ata_port *ports[]; }; struct ata_queued_cmd { struct ata_port *ap; struct ata_device *dev; struct scsi_cmnd *scsicmd; void (*scsidone)(struct scsi_cmnd *); struct ata_taskfile tf; u8 cdb[ATAPI_CDB_LEN]; unsigned long flags; /* ATA_QCFLAG_xxx */ unsigned int tag; /* libata core tag */ unsigned int hw_tag; /* driver tag */ unsigned int n_elem; unsigned int orig_n_elem; int dma_dir; unsigned int sect_size; unsigned int nbytes; unsigned int extrabytes; unsigned int curbytes; struct scatterlist sgent; struct scatterlist *sg; struct scatterlist *cursg; unsigned int cursg_ofs; unsigned int err_mask; struct ata_taskfile result_tf; ata_qc_cb_t complete_fn; void *private_data; void *lldd_task; }; struct ata_port_stats { unsigned long unhandled_irq; unsigned long idle_irq; unsigned long rw_reqbuf; }; struct ata_ering_entry { unsigned int eflags; unsigned int err_mask; u64 timestamp; }; struct ata_ering { int cursor; struct ata_ering_entry ring[ATA_ERING_SIZE]; }; struct ata_device { struct ata_link *link; unsigned int devno; /* 0 or 1 */ unsigned int horkage; /* List of broken features */ unsigned long flags; /* ATA_DFLAG_xxx */ struct scsi_device *sdev; /* attached SCSI device */ void *private_data; #ifdef CONFIG_ATA_ACPI union acpi_object *gtf_cache; unsigned int gtf_filter; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SATA_ZPODD void *zpodd; #endif struct device tdev; /* n_sector is CLEAR_BEGIN, read comment above CLEAR_BEGIN */ u64 n_sectors; /* size of device, if ATA */ u64 n_native_sectors; /* native size, if ATA */ unsigned int class; /* ATA_DEV_xxx */ unsigned long unpark_deadline; u8 pio_mode; u8 dma_mode; u8 xfer_mode; unsigned int xfer_shift; /* ATA_SHIFT_xxx */ unsigned int multi_count; /* sectors count for READ/WRITE MULTIPLE */ unsigned int max_sectors; /* per-device max sectors */ unsigned int cdb_len; /* per-dev xfer mask */ unsigned long pio_mask; unsigned long mwdma_mask; unsigned long udma_mask; /* for CHS addressing */ u16 cylinders; /* Number of cylinders */ u16 heads; /* Number of heads */ u16 sectors; /* Number of sectors per track */ union { u16 id[ATA_ID_WORDS]; /* IDENTIFY xxx DEVICE data */ u32 gscr[SATA_PMP_GSCR_DWORDS]; /* PMP GSCR block */ } ____cacheline_aligned; /* DEVSLP Timing Variables from Identify Device Data Log */ u8 devslp_timing[ATA_LOG_DEVSLP_SIZE]; /* NCQ send and receive log subcommand support */ u8 ncq_send_recv_cmds[ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_SIZE]; u8 ncq_non_data_cmds[ATA_LOG_NCQ_NON_DATA_SIZE]; /* ZAC zone configuration */ u32 zac_zoned_cap; u32 zac_zones_optimal_open; u32 zac_zones_optimal_nonseq; u32 zac_zones_max_open; /* error history */ int spdn_cnt; /* ering is CLEAR_END, read comment above CLEAR_END */ struct ata_ering ering; }; /* Fields between ATA_DEVICE_CLEAR_BEGIN and ATA_DEVICE_CLEAR_END are * cleared to zero on ata_dev_init(). */ #define ATA_DEVICE_CLEAR_BEGIN offsetof(struct ata_device, n_sectors) #define ATA_DEVICE_CLEAR_END offsetof(struct ata_device, ering) struct ata_eh_info { struct ata_device *dev; /* offending device */ u32 serror; /* SError from LLDD */ unsigned int err_mask; /* port-wide err_mask */ unsigned int action; /* ATA_EH_* action mask */ unsigned int dev_action[ATA_MAX_DEVICES]; /* dev EH action */ unsigned int flags; /* ATA_EHI_* flags */ unsigned int probe_mask; char desc[ATA_EH_DESC_LEN]; int desc_len; }; struct ata_eh_context { struct ata_eh_info i; int tries[ATA_MAX_DEVICES]; int cmd_timeout_idx[ATA_MAX_DEVICES] [ATA_EH_CMD_TIMEOUT_TABLE_SIZE]; unsigned int classes[ATA_MAX_DEVICES]; unsigned int did_probe_mask; unsigned int unloaded_mask; unsigned int saved_ncq_enabled; u8 saved_xfer_mode[ATA_MAX_DEVICES]; /* timestamp for the last reset attempt or success */ unsigned long last_reset; }; struct ata_acpi_drive { u32 pio; u32 dma; } __packed; struct ata_acpi_gtm { struct ata_acpi_drive drive[2]; u32 flags; } __packed; struct ata_link { struct ata_port *ap; int pmp; /* port multiplier port # */ struct device tdev; unsigned int active_tag; /* active tag on this link */ u32 sactive; /* active NCQ commands */ unsigned int flags; /* ATA_LFLAG_xxx */ u32 saved_scontrol; /* SControl on probe */ unsigned int hw_sata_spd_limit; unsigned int sata_spd_limit; unsigned int sata_spd; /* current SATA PHY speed */ enum ata_lpm_policy lpm_policy; /* record runtime error info, protected by host_set lock */ struct ata_eh_info eh_info; /* EH context */ struct ata_eh_context eh_context; struct ata_device device[ATA_MAX_DEVICES]; unsigned long last_lpm_change; /* when last LPM change happened */ }; #define ATA_LINK_CLEAR_BEGIN offsetof(struct ata_link, active_tag) #define ATA_LINK_CLEAR_END offsetof(struct ata_link, device[0]) struct ata_port { struct Scsi_Host *scsi_host; /* our co-allocated scsi host */ struct ata_port_operations *ops; spinlock_t *lock; /* Flags owned by the EH context. Only EH should touch these once the port is active */ unsigned long flags; /* ATA_FLAG_xxx */ /* Flags that change dynamically, protected by ap->lock */ unsigned int pflags; /* ATA_PFLAG_xxx */ unsigned int print_id; /* user visible unique port ID */ unsigned int local_port_no; /* host local port num */ unsigned int port_no; /* 0 based port no. inside the host */ #ifdef CONFIG_ATA_SFF struct ata_ioports ioaddr; /* ATA cmd/ctl/dma register blocks */ u8 ctl; /* cache of ATA control register */ u8 last_ctl; /* Cache last written value */ struct ata_link* sff_pio_task_link; /* link currently used */ struct delayed_work sff_pio_task; #ifdef CONFIG_ATA_BMDMA struct ata_bmdma_prd *bmdma_prd; /* BMDMA SG list */ dma_addr_t bmdma_prd_dma; /* and its DMA mapping */ #endif /* CONFIG_ATA_BMDMA */ #endif /* CONFIG_ATA_SFF */ unsigned int pio_mask; unsigned int mwdma_mask; unsigned int udma_mask; unsigned int cbl; /* cable type; ATA_CBL_xxx */ struct ata_queued_cmd qcmd[ATA_MAX_QUEUE + 1]; unsigned long sas_tag_allocated; /* for sas tag allocation only */ u64 qc_active; int nr_active_links; /* #links with active qcs */ unsigned int sas_last_tag; /* track next tag hw expects */ struct ata_link link; /* host default link */ struct ata_link *slave_link; /* see ata_slave_link_init() */ int nr_pmp_links; /* nr of available PMP links */ struct ata_link *pmp_link; /* array of PMP links */ struct ata_link *excl_link; /* for PMP qc exclusion */ struct ata_port_stats stats; struct ata_host *host; struct device *dev; struct device tdev; struct mutex scsi_scan_mutex; struct delayed_work hotplug_task; struct work_struct scsi_rescan_task; unsigned int hsm_task_state; u32 msg_enable; struct list_head eh_done_q; wait_queue_head_t eh_wait_q; int eh_tries; struct completion park_req_pending; pm_message_t pm_mesg; enum ata_lpm_policy target_lpm_policy; struct timer_list fastdrain_timer; unsigned long fastdrain_cnt; async_cookie_t cookie; int em_message_type; void *private_data; #ifdef CONFIG_ATA_ACPI struct ata_acpi_gtm __acpi_init_gtm; /* use ata_acpi_init_gtm() */ #endif /* owned by EH */ u8 sector_buf[ATA_SECT_SIZE] ____cacheline_aligned; }; /* The following initializer overrides a method to NULL whether one of * its parent has the method defined or not. This is equivalent to * ERR_PTR(-ENOENT). Unfortunately, ERR_PTR doesn't render a constant * expression and thus can't be used as an initializer. */ #define ATA_OP_NULL (void *)(unsigned long)(-ENOENT) struct ata_port_operations { /* * Command execution */ int (*qc_defer)(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); int (*check_atapi_dma)(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); enum ata_completion_errors (*qc_prep)(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); unsigned int (*qc_issue)(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); bool (*qc_fill_rtf)(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); /* * Configuration and exception handling */ int (*cable_detect)(struct ata_port *ap); unsigned long (*mode_filter)(struct ata_device *dev, unsigned long xfer_mask); void (*set_piomode)(struct ata_port *ap, struct ata_device *dev); void (*set_dmamode)(struct ata_port *ap, struct ata_device *dev); int (*set_mode)(struct ata_link *link, struct ata_device **r_failed_dev); unsigned int (*read_id)(struct ata_device *dev, struct ata_taskfile *tf, u16 *id); void (*dev_config)(struct ata_device *dev); void (*freeze)(struct ata_port *ap); void (*thaw)(struct ata_port *ap); ata_prereset_fn_t prereset; ata_reset_fn_t softreset; ata_reset_fn_t hardreset; ata_postreset_fn_t postreset; ata_prereset_fn_t pmp_prereset; ata_reset_fn_t pmp_softreset; ata_reset_fn_t pmp_hardreset; ata_postreset_fn_t pmp_postreset; void (*error_handler)(struct ata_port *ap); void (*lost_interrupt)(struct ata_port *ap); void (*post_internal_cmd)(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); void (*sched_eh)(struct ata_port *ap); void (*end_eh)(struct ata_port *ap); /* * Optional features */ int (*scr_read)(struct ata_link *link, unsigned int sc_reg, u32 *val); int (*scr_write)(struct ata_link *link, unsigned int sc_reg, u32 val); void (*pmp_attach)(struct ata_port *ap); void (*pmp_detach)(struct ata_port *ap); int (*set_lpm)(struct ata_link *link, enum ata_lpm_policy policy, unsigned hints); /* * Start, stop, suspend and resume */ int (*port_suspend)(struct ata_port *ap, pm_message_t mesg); int (*port_resume)(struct ata_port *ap); int (*port_start)(struct ata_port *ap); void (*port_stop)(struct ata_port *ap); void (*host_stop)(struct ata_host *host); #ifdef CONFIG_ATA_SFF /* * SFF / taskfile oriented ops */ void (*sff_dev_select)(struct ata_port *ap, unsigned int device); void (*sff_set_devctl)(struct ata_port *ap, u8 ctl); u8 (*sff_check_status)(struct ata_port *ap); u8 (*sff_check_altstatus)(struct ata_port *ap); void (*sff_tf_load)(struct ata_port *ap, const struct ata_taskfile *tf); void (*sff_tf_read)(struct ata_port *ap, struct ata_taskfile *tf); void (*sff_exec_command)(struct ata_port *ap, const struct ata_taskfile *tf); unsigned int (*sff_data_xfer)(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc, unsigned char *buf, unsigned int buflen, int rw); void (*sff_irq_on)(struct ata_port *); bool (*sff_irq_check)(struct ata_port *); void (*sff_irq_clear)(struct ata_port *); void (*sff_drain_fifo)(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); #ifdef CONFIG_ATA_BMDMA void (*bmdma_setup)(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); void (*bmdma_start)(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); void (*bmdma_stop)(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); u8 (*bmdma_status)(struct ata_port *ap); #endif /* CONFIG_ATA_BMDMA */ #endif /* CONFIG_ATA_SFF */ ssize_t (*em_show)(struct ata_port *ap, char *buf); ssize_t (*em_store)(struct ata_port *ap, const char *message, size_t size); ssize_t (*sw_activity_show)(struct ata_device *dev, char *buf); ssize_t (*sw_activity_store)(struct ata_device *dev, enum sw_activity val); ssize_t (*transmit_led_message)(struct ata_port *ap, u32 state, ssize_t size); /* * Obsolete */ void (*phy_reset)(struct ata_port *ap); void (*eng_timeout)(struct ata_port *ap); /* * ->inherits must be the last field and all the preceding * fields must be pointers. */ const struct ata_port_operations *inherits; }; struct ata_port_info { unsigned long flags; unsigned long link_flags; unsigned long pio_mask; unsigned long mwdma_mask; unsigned long udma_mask; struct ata_port_operations *port_ops; void *private_data; }; struct ata_timing { unsigned short mode; /* ATA mode */ unsigned short setup; /* t1 */ unsigned short act8b; /* t2 for 8-bit I/O */ unsigned short rec8b; /* t2i for 8-bit I/O */ unsigned short cyc8b; /* t0 for 8-bit I/O */ unsigned short active; /* t2 or tD */ unsigned short recover; /* t2i or tK */ unsigned short dmack_hold; /* tj */ unsigned short cycle; /* t0 */ unsigned short udma; /* t2CYCTYP/2 */ }; /* * Core layer - drivers/ata/libata-core.c */ extern struct ata_port_operations ata_dummy_port_ops; extern const struct ata_port_info ata_dummy_port_info; static inline bool ata_is_atapi(u8 prot) { return prot & ATA_PROT_FLAG_ATAPI; } static inline bool ata_is_pio(u8 prot) { return prot & ATA_PROT_FLAG_PIO; } static inline bool ata_is_dma(u8 prot) { return prot & ATA_PROT_FLAG_DMA; } static inline bool ata_is_ncq(u8 prot) { return prot & ATA_PROT_FLAG_NCQ; } static inline bool ata_is_data(u8 prot) { return prot & (ATA_PROT_FLAG_PIO | ATA_PROT_FLAG_DMA); } static inline int is_multi_taskfile(struct ata_taskfile *tf) { return (tf->command == ATA_CMD_READ_MULTI) || (tf->command == ATA_CMD_WRITE_MULTI) || (tf->command == ATA_CMD_READ_MULTI_EXT) || (tf->command == ATA_CMD_WRITE_MULTI_EXT) || (tf->command == ATA_CMD_WRITE_MULTI_FUA_EXT); } static inline int ata_port_is_dummy(struct ata_port *ap) { return ap->ops == &ata_dummy_port_ops; } extern int ata_std_prereset(struct ata_link *link, unsigned long deadline); extern int ata_wait_after_reset(struct ata_link *link, unsigned long deadline, int (*check_ready)(struct ata_link *link)); extern int sata_std_hardreset(struct ata_link *link, unsigned int *class, unsigned long deadline); extern void ata_std_postreset(struct ata_link *link, unsigned int *classes); extern struct ata_host *ata_host_alloc(struct device *dev, int max_ports); extern struct ata_host *ata_host_alloc_pinfo(struct device *dev, const struct ata_port_info * const * ppi, int n_ports); extern void ata_host_get(struct ata_host *host); extern void ata_host_put(struct ata_host *host); extern int ata_host_start(struct ata_host *host); extern int ata_host_register(struct ata_host *host, struct scsi_host_template *sht); extern int ata_host_activate(struct ata_host *host, int irq, irq_handler_t irq_handler, unsigned long irq_flags, struct scsi_host_template *sht); extern void ata_host_detach(struct ata_host *host); extern void ata_host_init(struct ata_host *, struct device *, struct ata_port_operations *); extern int ata_scsi_detect(struct scsi_host_template *sht); extern int ata_scsi_ioctl(struct scsi_device *dev, unsigned int cmd, void __user *arg); #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT #define ATA_SCSI_COMPAT_IOCTL .compat_ioctl = ata_scsi_ioctl, #else #define ATA_SCSI_COMPAT_IOCTL /* empty */ #endif extern int ata_scsi_queuecmd(struct Scsi_Host *h, struct scsi_cmnd *cmd); #if IS_REACHABLE(CONFIG_ATA) bool ata_scsi_dma_need_drain(struct request *rq); #else #define ata_scsi_dma_need_drain NULL #endif extern int ata_sas_scsi_ioctl(struct ata_port *ap, struct scsi_device *dev, unsigned int cmd, void __user *arg); extern bool ata_link_online(struct ata_link *link); extern bool ata_link_offline(struct ata_link *link); #ifdef CONFIG_PM extern int ata_host_suspend(struct ata_host *host, pm_message_t mesg); extern void ata_host_resume(struct ata_host *host); extern void ata_sas_port_suspend(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_sas_port_resume(struct ata_port *ap); #else static inline void ata_sas_port_suspend(struct ata_port *ap) { } static inline void ata_sas_port_resume(struct ata_port *ap) { } #endif extern int ata_ratelimit(void); extern void ata_msleep(struct ata_port *ap, unsigned int msecs); extern u32 ata_wait_register(struct ata_port *ap, void __iomem *reg, u32 mask, u32 val, unsigned long interval, unsigned long timeout); extern int atapi_cmd_type(u8 opcode); extern unsigned long ata_pack_xfermask(unsigned long pio_mask, unsigned long mwdma_mask, unsigned long udma_mask); extern void ata_unpack_xfermask(unsigned long xfer_mask, unsigned long *pio_mask, unsigned long *mwdma_mask, unsigned long *udma_mask); extern u8 ata_xfer_mask2mode(unsigned long xfer_mask); extern unsigned long ata_xfer_mode2mask(u8 xfer_mode); extern int ata_xfer_mode2shift(unsigned long xfer_mode); extern const char *ata_mode_string(unsigned long xfer_mask); extern unsigned long ata_id_xfermask(const u16 *id); extern int ata_std_qc_defer(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern enum ata_completion_errors ata_noop_qc_prep(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern void ata_sg_init(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc, struct scatterlist *sg, unsigned int n_elem); extern unsigned int ata_dev_classify(const struct ata_taskfile *tf); extern void ata_dev_disable(struct ata_device *adev); extern void ata_id_string(const u16 *id, unsigned char *s, unsigned int ofs, unsigned int len); extern void ata_id_c_string(const u16 *id, unsigned char *s, unsigned int ofs, unsigned int len); extern unsigned int ata_do_dev_read_id(struct ata_device *dev, struct ata_taskfile *tf, u16 *id); extern void ata_qc_complete(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern u64 ata_qc_get_active(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_scsi_simulate(struct ata_device *dev, struct scsi_cmnd *cmd); extern int ata_std_bios_param(struct scsi_device *sdev, struct block_device *bdev, sector_t capacity, int geom[]); extern void ata_scsi_unlock_native_capacity(struct scsi_device *sdev); extern int ata_scsi_slave_config(struct scsi_device *sdev); extern void ata_scsi_slave_destroy(struct scsi_device *sdev); extern int ata_scsi_change_queue_depth(struct scsi_device *sdev, int queue_depth); extern int __ata_change_queue_depth(struct ata_port *ap, struct scsi_device *sdev, int queue_depth); extern struct ata_device *ata_dev_pair(struct ata_device *adev); extern int ata_do_set_mode(struct ata_link *link, struct ata_device **r_failed_dev); extern void ata_scsi_port_error_handler(struct Scsi_Host *host, struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_scsi_cmd_error_handler(struct Scsi_Host *host, struct ata_port *ap, struct list_head *eh_q); /* * SATA specific code - drivers/ata/libata-sata.c */ #ifdef CONFIG_SATA_HOST extern const unsigned long sata_deb_timing_normal[]; extern const unsigned long sata_deb_timing_hotplug[]; extern const unsigned long sata_deb_timing_long[]; static inline const unsigned long * sata_ehc_deb_timing(struct ata_eh_context *ehc) { if (ehc->i.flags & ATA_EHI_HOTPLUGGED) return sata_deb_timing_hotplug; else return sata_deb_timing_normal; } extern int sata_scr_valid(struct ata_link *link); extern int sata_scr_read(struct ata_link *link, int reg, u32 *val); extern int sata_scr_write(struct ata_link *link, int reg, u32 val); extern int sata_scr_write_flush(struct ata_link *link, int reg, u32 val); extern int sata_set_spd(struct ata_link *link); extern int sata_link_hardreset(struct ata_link *link, const unsigned long *timing, unsigned long deadline, bool *online, int (*check_ready)(struct ata_link *)); extern int sata_link_resume(struct ata_link *link, const unsigned long *params, unsigned long deadline); extern void ata_eh_analyze_ncq_error(struct ata_link *link); #else static inline const unsigned long * sata_ehc_deb_timing(struct ata_eh_context *ehc) { return NULL; } static inline int sata_scr_valid(struct ata_link *link) { return 0; } static inline int sata_scr_read(struct ata_link *link, int reg, u32 *val) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int sata_scr_write(struct ata_link *link, int reg, u32 val) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int sata_scr_write_flush(struct ata_link *link, int reg, u32 val) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int sata_set_spd(struct ata_link *link) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int sata_link_hardreset(struct ata_link *link, const unsigned long *timing, unsigned long deadline, bool *online, int (*check_ready)(struct ata_link *)) { if (online) *online = false; return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int sata_link_resume(struct ata_link *link, const unsigned long *params, unsigned long deadline) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline void ata_eh_analyze_ncq_error(struct ata_link *link) { } #endif extern int sata_link_debounce(struct ata_link *link, const unsigned long *params, unsigned long deadline); extern int sata_link_scr_lpm(struct ata_link *link, enum ata_lpm_policy policy, bool spm_wakeup); extern int ata_slave_link_init(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_sas_port_destroy(struct ata_port *); extern struct ata_port *ata_sas_port_alloc(struct ata_host *, struct ata_port_info *, struct Scsi_Host *); extern void ata_sas_async_probe(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_sas_sync_probe(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_sas_port_init(struct ata_port *); extern int ata_sas_port_start(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_sas_tport_add(struct device *parent, struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_sas_tport_delete(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_sas_port_stop(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_sas_slave_configure(struct scsi_device *, struct ata_port *); extern int ata_sas_queuecmd(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd, struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_tf_to_fis(const struct ata_taskfile *tf, u8 pmp, int is_cmd, u8 *fis); extern void ata_tf_from_fis(const u8 *fis, struct ata_taskfile *tf); extern int ata_qc_complete_multiple(struct ata_port *ap, u64 qc_active); extern bool sata_lpm_ignore_phy_events(struct ata_link *link); extern int sata_async_notification(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_cable_40wire(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_cable_80wire(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_cable_sata(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_cable_ignore(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_cable_unknown(struct ata_port *ap); /* Timing helpers */ extern unsigned int ata_pio_need_iordy(const struct ata_device *); extern u8 ata_timing_cycle2mode(unsigned int xfer_shift, int cycle); /* PCI */ #ifdef CONFIG_PCI struct pci_dev; struct pci_bits { unsigned int reg; /* PCI config register to read */ unsigned int width; /* 1 (8 bit), 2 (16 bit), 4 (32 bit) */ unsigned long mask; unsigned long val; }; extern int pci_test_config_bits(struct pci_dev *pdev, const struct pci_bits *bits); extern void ata_pci_shutdown_one(struct pci_dev *pdev); extern void ata_pci_remove_one(struct pci_dev *pdev); #ifdef CONFIG_PM extern void ata_pci_device_do_suspend(struct pci_dev *pdev, pm_message_t mesg); extern int __must_check ata_pci_device_do_resume(struct pci_dev *pdev); extern int ata_pci_device_suspend(struct pci_dev *pdev, pm_message_t mesg); extern int ata_pci_device_resume(struct pci_dev *pdev); #endif /* CONFIG_PM */ #endif /* CONFIG_PCI */ struct platform_device; extern int ata_platform_remove_one(struct platform_device *pdev); /* * ACPI - drivers/ata/libata-acpi.c */ #ifdef CONFIG_ATA_ACPI static inline const struct ata_acpi_gtm *ata_acpi_init_gtm(struct ata_port *ap) { if (ap->pflags & ATA_PFLAG_INIT_GTM_VALID) return &ap->__acpi_init_gtm; return NULL; } int ata_acpi_stm(struct ata_port *ap, const struct ata_acpi_gtm *stm); int ata_acpi_gtm(struct ata_port *ap, struct ata_acpi_gtm *stm); unsigned long ata_acpi_gtm_xfermask(struct ata_device *dev, const struct ata_acpi_gtm *gtm); int ata_acpi_cbl_80wire(struct ata_port *ap, const struct ata_acpi_gtm *gtm); #else static inline const struct ata_acpi_gtm *ata_acpi_init_gtm(struct ata_port *ap) { return NULL; } static inline int ata_acpi_stm(const struct ata_port *ap, struct ata_acpi_gtm *stm) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int ata_acpi_gtm(const struct ata_port *ap, struct ata_acpi_gtm *stm) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline unsigned int ata_acpi_gtm_xfermask(struct ata_device *dev, const struct ata_acpi_gtm *gtm) { return 0; } static inline int ata_acpi_cbl_80wire(struct ata_port *ap, const struct ata_acpi_gtm *gtm) { return 0; } #endif /* * EH - drivers/ata/libata-eh.c */ extern void ata_port_schedule_eh(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_port_wait_eh(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_link_abort(struct ata_link *link); extern int ata_port_abort(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_port_freeze(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_eh_freeze_port(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_eh_thaw_port(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_eh_qc_complete(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern void ata_eh_qc_retry(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern void ata_do_eh(struct ata_port *ap, ata_prereset_fn_t prereset, ata_reset_fn_t softreset, ata_reset_fn_t hardreset, ata_postreset_fn_t postreset); extern void ata_std_error_handler(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_std_sched_eh(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_std_end_eh(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_link_nr_enabled(struct ata_link *link); /* * Base operations to inherit from and initializers for sht * * Operations * * base : Common to all libata drivers. * sata : SATA controllers w/ native interface. * pmp : SATA controllers w/ PMP support. * sff : SFF ATA controllers w/o BMDMA support. * bmdma : SFF ATA controllers w/ BMDMA support. * * sht initializers * * BASE : Common to all libata drivers. The user must set * sg_tablesize and dma_boundary. * PIO : SFF ATA controllers w/ only PIO support. * BMDMA : SFF ATA controllers w/ BMDMA support. sg_tablesize and * dma_boundary are set to BMDMA limits. * NCQ : SATA controllers supporting NCQ. The user must set * sg_tablesize, dma_boundary and can_queue. */ extern const struct ata_port_operations ata_base_port_ops; extern const struct ata_port_operations sata_port_ops; extern struct device_attribute *ata_common_sdev_attrs[]; /* * All sht initializers (BASE, PIO, BMDMA, NCQ) must be instantiated * by the edge drivers. Because the 'module' field of sht must be the * edge driver's module reference, otherwise the driver can be unloaded * even if the scsi_device is being accessed. */ #define __ATA_BASE_SHT(drv_name) \ .module = THIS_MODULE, \ .name = drv_name, \ .ioctl = ata_scsi_ioctl, \ ATA_SCSI_COMPAT_IOCTL \ .queuecommand = ata_scsi_queuecmd, \ .dma_need_drain = ata_scsi_dma_need_drain, \ .can_queue = ATA_DEF_QUEUE, \ .tag_alloc_policy = BLK_TAG_ALLOC_RR, \ .this_id = ATA_SHT_THIS_ID, \ .emulated = ATA_SHT_EMULATED, \ .proc_name = drv_name, \ .slave_configure = ata_scsi_slave_config, \ .slave_destroy = ata_scsi_slave_destroy, \ .bios_param = ata_std_bios_param, \ .unlock_native_capacity = ata_scsi_unlock_native_capacity #define ATA_BASE_SHT(drv_name) \ __ATA_BASE_SHT(drv_name), \ .sdev_attrs = ata_common_sdev_attrs #ifdef CONFIG_SATA_HOST extern struct device_attribute *ata_ncq_sdev_attrs[]; #define ATA_NCQ_SHT(drv_name) \ __ATA_BASE_SHT(drv_name), \ .sdev_attrs = ata_ncq_sdev_attrs, \ .change_queue_depth = ata_scsi_change_queue_depth #endif /* * PMP helpers */ #ifdef CONFIG_SATA_PMP static inline bool sata_pmp_supported(struct ata_port *ap) { return ap->flags & ATA_FLAG_PMP; } static inline bool sata_pmp_attached(struct ata_port *ap) { return ap->nr_pmp_links != 0; } static inline bool ata_is_host_link(const struct ata_link *link) { return link == &link->ap->link || link == link->ap->slave_link; } #else /* CONFIG_SATA_PMP */ static inline bool sata_pmp_supported(struct ata_port *ap) { return false; } static inline bool sata_pmp_attached(struct ata_port *ap) { return false; } static inline bool ata_is_host_link(const struct ata_link *link) { return 1; } #endif /* CONFIG_SATA_PMP */ static inline int sata_srst_pmp(struct ata_link *link) { if (sata_pmp_supported(link->ap) && ata_is_host_link(link)) return SATA_PMP_CTRL_PORT; return link->pmp; } /* * printk helpers */ __printf(3, 4) void ata_port_printk(const struct ata_port *ap, const char *level, const char *fmt, ...); __printf(3, 4) void ata_link_printk(const struct ata_link *link, const char *level, const char *fmt, ...); __printf(3, 4) void ata_dev_printk(const struct ata_device *dev, const char *level, const char *fmt, ...); #define ata_port_err(ap, fmt, ...) \ ata_port_printk(ap, KERN_ERR, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_port_warn(ap, fmt, ...) \ ata_port_printk(ap, KERN_WARNING, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_port_notice(ap, fmt, ...) \ ata_port_printk(ap, KERN_NOTICE, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_port_info(ap, fmt, ...) \ ata_port_printk(ap, KERN_INFO, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_port_dbg(ap, fmt, ...) \ ata_port_printk(ap, KERN_DEBUG, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_link_err(link, fmt, ...) \ ata_link_printk(link, KERN_ERR, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_link_warn(link, fmt, ...) \ ata_link_printk(link, KERN_WARNING, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_link_notice(link, fmt, ...) \ ata_link_printk(link, KERN_NOTICE, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_link_info(link, fmt, ...) \ ata_link_printk(link, KERN_INFO, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_link_dbg(link, fmt, ...) \ ata_link_printk(link, KERN_DEBUG, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_dev_err(dev, fmt, ...) \ ata_dev_printk(dev, KERN_ERR, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_dev_warn(dev, fmt, ...) \ ata_dev_printk(dev, KERN_WARNING, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_dev_notice(dev, fmt, ...) \ ata_dev_printk(dev, KERN_NOTICE, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_dev_info(dev, fmt, ...) \ ata_dev_printk(dev, KERN_INFO, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_dev_dbg(dev, fmt, ...) \ ata_dev_printk(dev, KERN_DEBUG, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) void ata_print_version(const struct device *dev, const char *version); /* * ata_eh_info helpers */ extern __printf(2, 3) void __ata_ehi_push_desc(struct ata_eh_info *ehi, const char *fmt, ...); extern __printf(2, 3) void ata_ehi_push_desc(struct ata_eh_info *ehi, const char *fmt, ...); extern void ata_ehi_clear_desc(struct ata_eh_info *ehi); static inline void ata_ehi_hotplugged(struct ata_eh_info *ehi) { ehi->probe_mask |= (1 << ATA_MAX_DEVICES) - 1; ehi->flags |= ATA_EHI_HOTPLUGGED; ehi->action |= ATA_EH_RESET | ATA_EH_ENABLE_LINK; ehi->err_mask |= AC_ERR_ATA_BUS; } /* * port description helpers */ extern __printf(2, 3) void ata_port_desc(struct ata_port *ap, const char *fmt, ...); #ifdef CONFIG_PCI extern void ata_port_pbar_desc(struct ata_port *ap, int bar, ssize_t offset, const char *name); #endif static inline bool ata_tag_internal(unsigned int tag) { return tag == ATA_TAG_INTERNAL; } static inline bool ata_tag_valid(unsigned int tag) { return tag < ATA_MAX_QUEUE || ata_tag_internal(tag); } #define __ata_qc_for_each(ap, qc, tag, max_tag, fn) \ for ((tag) = 0; (tag) < (max_tag) && \ ({ qc = fn((ap), (tag)); 1; }); (tag)++) \ /* * Internal use only, iterate commands ignoring error handling and * status of 'qc'. */ #define ata_qc_for_each_raw(ap, qc, tag) \ __ata_qc_for_each(ap, qc, tag, ATA_MAX_QUEUE, __ata_qc_from_tag) /* * Iterate all potential commands that can be queued */ #define ata_qc_for_each(ap, qc, tag) \ __ata_qc_for_each(ap, qc, tag, ATA_MAX_QUEUE, ata_qc_from_tag) /* * Like ata_qc_for_each, but with the internal tag included */ #define ata_qc_for_each_with_internal(ap, qc, tag) \ __ata_qc_for_each(ap, qc, tag, ATA_MAX_QUEUE + 1, ata_qc_from_tag) /* * device helpers */ static inline unsigned int ata_class_enabled(unsigned int class) { return class == ATA_DEV_ATA || class == ATA_DEV_ATAPI || class == ATA_DEV_PMP || class == ATA_DEV_SEMB || class == ATA_DEV_ZAC; } static inline unsigned int ata_class_disabled(unsigned int class) { return class == ATA_DEV_ATA_UNSUP || class == ATA_DEV_ATAPI_UNSUP || class == ATA_DEV_PMP_UNSUP || class == ATA_DEV_SEMB_UNSUP || class == ATA_DEV_ZAC_UNSUP; } static inline unsigned int ata_class_absent(unsigned int class) { return !ata_class_enabled(class) && !ata_class_disabled(class); } static inline unsigned int ata_dev_enabled(const struct ata_device *dev) { return ata_class_enabled(dev->class); } static inline unsigned int ata_dev_disabled(const struct ata_device *dev) { return ata_class_disabled(dev->class); } static inline unsigned int ata_dev_absent(const struct ata_device *dev) { return ata_class_absent(dev->class); } /* * link helpers */ static inline int ata_link_max_devices(const struct ata_link *link) { if (ata_is_host_link(link) && link->ap->flags & ATA_FLAG_SLAVE_POSS) return 2; return 1; } static inline int ata_link_active(struct ata_link *link) { return ata_tag_valid(link->active_tag) || link->sactive; } /* * Iterators * * ATA_LITER_* constants are used to select link iteration mode and * ATA_DITER_* device iteration mode. * * For a custom iteration directly using ata_{link|dev}_next(), if * @link or @dev, respectively, is NULL, the first element is * returned. @dev and @link can be any valid device or link and the * next element according to the iteration mode will be returned. * After the last element, NULL is returned. */ enum ata_link_iter_mode { ATA_LITER_EDGE, /* if present, PMP links only; otherwise, * host link. no slave link */ ATA_LITER_HOST_FIRST, /* host link followed by PMP or slave links */ ATA_LITER_PMP_FIRST, /* PMP links followed by host link, * slave link still comes after host link */ }; enum ata_dev_iter_mode { ATA_DITER_ENABLED, ATA_DITER_ENABLED_REVERSE, ATA_DITER_ALL, ATA_DITER_ALL_REVERSE, }; extern struct ata_link *ata_link_next(struct ata_link *link, struct ata_port *ap, enum ata_link_iter_mode mode); extern struct ata_device *ata_dev_next(struct ata_device *dev, struct ata_link *link, enum ata_dev_iter_mode mode); /* * Shortcut notation for iterations * * ata_for_each_link() iterates over each link of @ap according to * @mode. @link points to the current link in the loop. @link is * NULL after loop termination. ata_for_each_dev() works the same way * except that it iterates over each device of @link. * * Note that the mode prefixes ATA_{L|D}ITER_ shouldn't need to be * specified when using the following shorthand notations. Only the * mode itself (EDGE, HOST_FIRST, ENABLED, etc...) should be * specified. This not only increases brevity but also makes it * impossible to use ATA_LITER_* for device iteration or vice-versa. */ #define ata_for_each_link(link, ap, mode) \ for ((link) = ata_link_next(NULL, (ap), ATA_LITER_##mode); (link); \ (link) = ata_link_next((link), (ap), ATA_LITER_##mode)) #define ata_for_each_dev(dev, link, mode) \ for ((dev) = ata_dev_next(NULL, (link), ATA_DITER_##mode); (dev); \ (dev) = ata_dev_next((dev), (link), ATA_DITER_##mode)) /** * ata_ncq_enabled - Test whether NCQ is enabled * @dev: ATA device to test for * * LOCKING: * spin_lock_irqsave(host lock) * * RETURNS: * 1 if NCQ is enabled for @dev, 0 otherwise. */ static inline int ata_ncq_enabled(struct ata_device *dev) { if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SATA_HOST)) return 0; return (dev->flags & (ATA_DFLAG_PIO | ATA_DFLAG_NCQ_OFF | ATA_DFLAG_NCQ)) == ATA_DFLAG_NCQ; } static inline bool ata_fpdma_dsm_supported(struct ata_device *dev) { return (dev->flags & ATA_DFLAG_NCQ_SEND_RECV) && (dev->ncq_send_recv_cmds[ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_DSM_OFFSET] & ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_DSM_TRIM); } static inline bool ata_fpdma_read_log_supported(struct ata_device *dev) { return (dev->flags & ATA_DFLAG_NCQ_SEND_RECV) && (dev->ncq_send_recv_cmds[ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_RD_LOG_OFFSET] & ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_RD_LOG_SUPPORTED); } static inline bool ata_fpdma_zac_mgmt_in_supported(struct ata_device *dev) { return (dev->flags & ATA_DFLAG_NCQ_SEND_RECV) && (dev->ncq_send_recv_cmds[ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_ZAC_MGMT_OFFSET] & ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_ZAC_MGMT_IN_SUPPORTED); } static inline bool ata_fpdma_zac_mgmt_out_supported(struct ata_device *dev) { return (dev->ncq_non_data_cmds[ATA_LOG_NCQ_NON_DATA_ZAC_MGMT_OFFSET] & ATA_LOG_NCQ_NON_DATA_ZAC_MGMT_OUT); } static inline void ata_qc_set_polling(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc) { qc->tf.ctl |= ATA_NIEN; } static inline struct ata_queued_cmd *__ata_qc_from_tag(struct ata_port *ap, unsigned int tag) { if (ata_tag_valid(tag)) return &ap->qcmd[tag]; return NULL; } static inline struct ata_queued_cmd *ata_qc_from_tag(struct ata_port *ap, unsigned int tag) { struct ata_queued_cmd *qc = __ata_qc_from_tag(ap, tag); if (unlikely(!qc) || !ap->ops->error_handler) return qc; if ((qc->flags & (ATA_QCFLAG_ACTIVE | ATA_QCFLAG_FAILED)) == ATA_QCFLAG_ACTIVE) return qc; return NULL; } static inline unsigned int ata_qc_raw_nbytes(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc) { return qc->nbytes - min(qc->extrabytes, qc->nbytes); } static inline void ata_tf_init(struct ata_device *dev, struct ata_taskfile *tf) { memset(tf, 0, sizeof(*tf)); #ifdef CONFIG_ATA_SFF tf->ctl = dev->link->ap->ctl; #else tf->ctl = ATA_DEVCTL_OBS; #endif if (dev->devno == 0) tf->device = ATA_DEVICE_OBS; else tf->device = ATA_DEVICE_OBS | ATA_DEV1; } static inline void ata_qc_reinit(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc) { qc->dma_dir = DMA_NONE; qc->sg = NULL; qc->flags = 0; qc->cursg = NULL; qc->cursg_ofs = 0; qc->nbytes = qc->extrabytes = qc->curbytes = 0; qc->n_elem = 0; qc->err_mask = 0; qc->sect_size = ATA_SECT_SIZE; ata_tf_init(qc->dev, &qc->tf); /* init result_tf such that it indicates normal completion */ qc->result_tf.command = ATA_DRDY; qc->result_tf.feature = 0; } static inline int ata_try_flush_cache(const struct ata_device *dev) { return ata_id_wcache_enabled(dev->id) || ata_id_has_flush(dev->id) || ata_id_has_flush_ext(dev->id); } static inline unsigned int ac_err_mask(u8 status) { if (status & (ATA_BUSY | ATA_DRQ)) return AC_ERR_HSM; if (status & (ATA_ERR | ATA_DF)) return AC_ERR_DEV; return 0; } static inline unsigned int __ac_err_mask(u8 status) { unsigned int mask = ac_err_mask(status); if (mask == 0) return AC_ERR_OTHER; return mask; } static inline struct ata_port *ata_shost_to_port(struct Scsi_Host *host) { return *(struct ata_port **)&host->hostdata[0]; } static inline int ata_check_ready(u8 status) { if (!(status & ATA_BUSY)) return 1; /* 0xff indicates either no device or device not ready */ if (status == 0xff) return -ENODEV; return 0; } static inline unsigned long ata_deadline(unsigned long from_jiffies, unsigned long timeout_msecs) { return from_jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(timeout_msecs); } /* Don't open code these in drivers as there are traps. Firstly the range may change in future hardware and specs, secondly 0xFF means 'no DMA' but is > UDMA_0. Dyma ddreigiau */ static inline int ata_using_mwdma(struct ata_device *adev) { if (adev->dma_mode >= XFER_MW_DMA_0 && adev->dma_mode <= XFER_MW_DMA_4) return 1; return 0; } static inline int ata_using_udma(struct ata_device *adev) { if (adev->dma_mode >= XFER_UDMA_0 && adev->dma_mode <= XFER_UDMA_7) return 1; return 0; } static inline int ata_dma_enabled(struct ata_device *adev) { return (adev->dma_mode == 0xFF ? 0 : 1); } /************************************************************************** * PATA timings - drivers/ata/libata-pata-timings.c */ extern const struct ata_timing *ata_timing_find_mode(u8 xfer_mode); extern int ata_timing_compute(struct ata_device *, unsigned short, struct ata_timing *, int, int); extern void ata_timing_merge(const struct ata_timing *, const struct ata_timing *, struct ata_timing *, unsigned int); /************************************************************************** * PMP - drivers/ata/libata-pmp.c */ #ifdef CONFIG_SATA_PMP extern const struct ata_port_operations sata_pmp_port_ops; extern int sata_pmp_qc_defer_cmd_switch(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern void sata_pmp_error_handler(struct ata_port *ap); #else /* CONFIG_SATA_PMP */ #define sata_pmp_port_ops sata_port_ops #define sata_pmp_qc_defer_cmd_switch ata_std_qc_defer #define sata_pmp_error_handler ata_std_error_handler #endif /* CONFIG_SATA_PMP */ /************************************************************************** * SFF - drivers/ata/libata-sff.c */ #ifdef CONFIG_ATA_SFF extern const struct ata_port_operations ata_sff_port_ops; extern const struct ata_port_operations ata_bmdma32_port_ops; /* PIO only, sg_tablesize and dma_boundary limits can be removed */ #define ATA_PIO_SHT(drv_name) \ ATA_BASE_SHT(drv_name), \ .sg_tablesize = LIBATA_MAX_PRD, \ .dma_boundary = ATA_DMA_BOUNDARY extern void ata_sff_dev_select(struct ata_port *ap, unsigned int device); extern u8 ata_sff_check_status(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_sff_pause(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_sff_dma_pause(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_sff_busy_sleep(struct ata_port *ap, unsigned long timeout_pat, unsigned long timeout); extern int ata_sff_wait_ready(struct ata_link *link, unsigned long deadline); extern void ata_sff_tf_load(struct ata_port *ap, const struct ata_taskfile *tf); extern void ata_sff_tf_read(struct ata_port *ap, struct ata_taskfile *tf); extern void ata_sff_exec_command(struct ata_port *ap, const struct ata_taskfile *tf); extern unsigned int ata_sff_data_xfer(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc, unsigned char *buf, unsigned int buflen, int rw); extern unsigned int ata_sff_data_xfer32(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc, unsigned char *buf, unsigned int buflen, int rw); extern void ata_sff_irq_on(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_sff_irq_clear(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_sff_hsm_move(struct ata_port *ap, struct ata_queued_cmd *qc, u8 status, int in_wq); extern void ata_sff_queue_work(struct work_struct *work); extern void ata_sff_queue_delayed_work(struct delayed_work *dwork, unsigned long delay); extern void ata_sff_queue_pio_task(struct ata_link *link, unsigned long delay); extern unsigned int ata_sff_qc_issue(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern bool ata_sff_qc_fill_rtf(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern unsigned int ata_sff_port_intr(struct ata_port *ap, struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern irqreturn_t ata_sff_interrupt(int irq, void *dev_instance); extern void ata_sff_lost_interrupt(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_sff_freeze(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_sff_thaw(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_sff_prereset(struct ata_link *link, unsigned long deadline); extern unsigned int ata_sff_dev_classify(struct ata_device *dev, int present, u8 *r_err); extern int ata_sff_wait_after_reset(struct ata_link *link, unsigned int devmask, unsigned long deadline); extern int ata_sff_softreset(struct ata_link *link, unsigned int *classes, unsigned long deadline); extern int sata_sff_hardreset(struct ata_link *link, unsigned int *class, unsigned long deadline); extern void ata_sff_postreset(struct ata_link *link, unsigned int *classes); extern void ata_sff_drain_fifo(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern void ata_sff_error_handler(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_sff_std_ports(struct ata_ioports *ioaddr); #ifdef CONFIG_PCI extern int ata_pci_sff_init_host(struct ata_host *host); extern int ata_pci_sff_prepare_host(struct pci_dev *pdev, const struct ata_port_info * const * ppi, struct ata_host **r_host); extern int ata_pci_sff_activate_host(struct ata_host *host, irq_handler_t irq_handler, struct scsi_host_template *sht); extern int ata_pci_sff_init_one(struct pci_dev *pdev, const struct ata_port_info * const * ppi, struct scsi_host_template *sht, void *host_priv, int hflags); #endif /* CONFIG_PCI */ #ifdef CONFIG_ATA_BMDMA extern const struct ata_port_operations ata_bmdma_port_ops; #define ATA_BMDMA_SHT(drv_name) \ ATA_BASE_SHT(drv_name), \ .sg_tablesize = LIBATA_MAX_PRD, \ .dma_boundary = ATA_DMA_BOUNDARY extern enum ata_completion_errors ata_bmdma_qc_prep(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern unsigned int ata_bmdma_qc_issue(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern enum ata_completion_errors ata_bmdma_dumb_qc_prep(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern unsigned int ata_bmdma_port_intr(struct ata_port *ap, struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern irqreturn_t ata_bmdma_interrupt(int irq, void *dev_instance); extern void ata_bmdma_error_handler(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_bmdma_post_internal_cmd(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern void ata_bmdma_irq_clear(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_bmdma_setup(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern void ata_bmdma_start(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern void ata_bmdma_stop(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern u8 ata_bmdma_status(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_bmdma_port_start(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_bmdma_port_start32(struct ata_port *ap); #ifdef CONFIG_PCI extern int ata_pci_bmdma_clear_simplex(struct pci_dev *pdev); extern void ata_pci_bmdma_init(struct ata_host *host); extern int ata_pci_bmdma_prepare_host(struct pci_dev *pdev, const struct ata_port_info * const * ppi, struct ata_host **r_host); extern int ata_pci_bmdma_init_one(struct pci_dev *pdev, const struct ata_port_info * const * ppi, struct scsi_host_template *sht, void *host_priv, int hflags); #endif /* CONFIG_PCI */ #endif /* CONFIG_ATA_BMDMA */ /** * ata_sff_busy_wait - Wait for a port status register * @ap: Port to wait for. * @bits: bits that must be clear * @max: number of 10uS waits to perform * * Waits up to max*10 microseconds for the selected bits in the port's * status register to be cleared. * Returns final value of status register. * * LOCKING: * Inherited from caller. */ static inline u8 ata_sff_busy_wait(struct ata_port *ap, unsigned int bits, unsigned int max) { u8 status; do { udelay(10); status = ap->ops->sff_check_status(ap); max--; } while (status != 0xff && (status & bits) && (max > 0)); return status; } /** * ata_wait_idle - Wait for a port to be idle. * @ap: Port to wait for. * * Waits up to 10ms for port's BUSY and DRQ signals to clear. * Returns final value of status register. * * LOCKING: * Inherited from caller. */ static inline u8 ata_wait_idle(struct ata_port *ap) { u8 status = ata_sff_busy_wait(ap, ATA_BUSY | ATA_DRQ, 1000); #ifdef ATA_DEBUG if (status != 0xff && (status & (ATA_BUSY | ATA_DRQ))) ata_port_printk(ap, KERN_DEBUG, "abnormal Status 0x%X\n", status); #endif return status; } #endif /* CONFIG_ATA_SFF */ #endif /* __LINUX_LIBATA_H__ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * linux/fs/pnode.h * * (C) Copyright IBM Corporation 2005. */ #ifndef _LINUX_PNODE_H #define _LINUX_PNODE_H #include <linux/list.h> #include "mount.h" #define IS_MNT_SHARED(m) ((m)->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_SHARED) #define IS_MNT_SLAVE(m) ((m)->mnt_master) #define IS_MNT_NEW(m) (!(m)->mnt_ns || is_anon_ns((m)->mnt_ns)) #define CLEAR_MNT_SHARED(m) ((m)->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_SHARED) #define IS_MNT_UNBINDABLE(m) ((m)->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_UNBINDABLE) #define IS_MNT_MARKED(m) ((m)->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_MARKED) #define SET_MNT_MARK(m) ((m)->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_MARKED) #define CLEAR_MNT_MARK(m) ((m)->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_MARKED) #define IS_MNT_LOCKED(m) ((m)->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED) #define CL_EXPIRE 0x01 #define CL_SLAVE 0x02 #define CL_COPY_UNBINDABLE 0x04 #define CL_MAKE_SHARED 0x08 #define CL_PRIVATE 0x10 #define CL_SHARED_TO_SLAVE 0x20 #define CL_COPY_MNT_NS_FILE 0x40 #define CL_COPY_ALL (CL_COPY_UNBINDABLE | CL_COPY_MNT_NS_FILE) static inline void set_mnt_shared(struct mount *mnt) { mnt->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_SHARED_MASK; mnt->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_SHARED; } void change_mnt_propagation(struct mount *, int); int propagate_mnt(struct mount *, struct mountpoint *, struct mount *, struct hlist_head *); int propagate_umount(struct list_head *); int propagate_mount_busy(struct mount *, int); void propagate_mount_unlock(struct mount *); void mnt_release_group_id(struct mount *); int get_dominating_id(struct mount *mnt, const struct path *root); int mnt_get_count(struct mount *mnt); void mnt_set_mountpoint(struct mount *, struct mountpoint *, struct mount *); void mnt_change_mountpoint(struct mount *parent, struct mountpoint *mp, struct mount *mnt); struct mount *copy_tree(struct mount *, struct dentry *, int); bool is_path_reachable(struct mount *, struct dentry *, const struct path *root); int count_mounts(struct mnt_namespace *ns, struct mount *mnt); #endif /* _LINUX_PNODE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __SEQ_FILE_NET_H__ #define __SEQ_FILE_NET_H__ #include <linux/seq_file.h> struct net; extern struct net init_net; struct seq_net_private { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS struct net *net; #endif }; static inline struct net *seq_file_net(struct seq_file *seq) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS return ((struct seq_net_private *)seq->private)->net; #else return &init_net; #endif } /* * This one is needed for proc_create_net_single since net is stored directly * in private not as a struct i.e. seq_file_net can't be used. */ static inline struct net *seq_file_single_net(struct seq_file *seq) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS return (struct net *)seq->private; #else return &init_net; #endif } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_BIT_SPINLOCK_H #define __LINUX_BIT_SPINLOCK_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/preempt.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/bug.h> /* * bit-based spin_lock() * * Don't use this unless you really need to: spin_lock() and spin_unlock() * are significantly faster. */ static inline void bit_spin_lock(int bitnum, unsigned long *addr) { /* * Assuming the lock is uncontended, this never enters * the body of the outer loop. If it is contended, then * within the inner loop a non-atomic test is used to * busywait with less bus contention for a good time to * attempt to acquire the lock bit. */ preempt_disable(); #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK) while (unlikely(test_and_set_bit_lock(bitnum, addr))) { preempt_enable(); do { cpu_relax(); } while (test_bit(bitnum, addr)); preempt_disable(); } #endif __acquire(bitlock); } /* * Return true if it was acquired */ static inline int bit_spin_trylock(int bitnum, unsigned long *addr) { preempt_disable(); #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK) if (unlikely(test_and_set_bit_lock(bitnum, addr))) { preempt_enable(); return 0; } #endif __acquire(bitlock); return 1; } /* * bit-based spin_unlock() */ static inline void bit_spin_unlock(int bitnum, unsigned long *addr) { #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK BUG_ON(!test_bit(bitnum, addr)); #endif #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK) clear_bit_unlock(bitnum, addr); #endif preempt_enable(); __release(bitlock); } /* * bit-based spin_unlock() * non-atomic version, which can be used eg. if the bit lock itself is * protecting the rest of the flags in the word. */ static inline void __bit_spin_unlock(int bitnum, unsigned long *addr) { #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK BUG_ON(!test_bit(bitnum, addr)); #endif #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK) __clear_bit_unlock(bitnum, addr); #endif preempt_enable(); __release(bitlock); } /* * Return true if the lock is held. */ static inline int bit_spin_is_locked(int bitnum, unsigned long *addr) { #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK) return test_bit(bitnum, addr); #elif defined CONFIG_PREEMPT_COUNT return preempt_count(); #else return 1; #endif } #endif /* __LINUX_BIT_SPINLOCK_H */
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2821 2822 2823 2824 2825 2826 2827 2828 2829 2830 2831 2832 2833 2834 2835 2836 2837 2838 2839 2840 2841 2842 2843 2844 2845 2846 2847 2848 2849 2850 2851 2852 2853 2854 2855 2856 2857 2858 2859 2860 2861 2862 2863 2864 2865 2866 2867 2868 2869 2870 2871 2872 2873 2874 2875 2876 2877 2878 2879 2880 2881 2882 2883 2884 2885 2886 2887 2888 2889 2890 2891 2892 2893 2894 2895 2896 2897 2898 2899 2900 2901 2902 2903 2904 2905 2906 2907 2908 2909 2910 2911 2912 2913 2914 2915 2916 2917 2918 2919 2920 2921 2922 2923 2924 2925 2926 2927 2928 2929 2930 2931 2932 2933 2934 2935 2936 2937 2938 2939 2940 2941 2942 2943 2944 2945 2946 2947 2948 2949 2950 2951 2952 2953 2954 2955 2956 2957 2958 2959 2960 2961 2962 2963 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later /* * Kernel Probes (KProbes) * kernel/kprobes.c * * Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2002, 2004 * * 2002-Oct Created by Vamsi Krishna S <vamsi_krishna@in.ibm.com> Kernel * Probes initial implementation (includes suggestions from * Rusty Russell). * 2004-Aug Updated by Prasanna S Panchamukhi <prasanna@in.ibm.com> with * hlists and exceptions notifier as suggested by Andi Kleen. * 2004-July Suparna Bhattacharya <suparna@in.ibm.com> added jumper probes * interface to access function arguments. * 2004-Sep Prasanna S Panchamukhi <prasanna@in.ibm.com> Changed Kprobes * exceptions notifier to be first on the priority list. * 2005-May Hien Nguyen <hien@us.ibm.com>, Jim Keniston * <jkenisto@us.ibm.com> and Prasanna S Panchamukhi * <prasanna@in.ibm.com> added function-return probes. */ #include <linux/kprobes.h> #include <linux/hash.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/moduleloader.h> #include <linux/kallsyms.h> #include <linux/freezer.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/debugfs.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/kdebug.h> #include <linux/memory.h> #include <linux/ftrace.h> #include <linux/cpu.h> #include <linux/jump_label.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <linux/static_call.h> #include <asm/sections.h> #include <asm/cacheflush.h> #include <asm/errno.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #define KPROBE_HASH_BITS 6 #define KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE (1 << KPROBE_HASH_BITS) static int kprobes_initialized; /* kprobe_table can be accessed by * - Normal hlist traversal and RCU add/del under kprobe_mutex is held. * Or * - RCU hlist traversal under disabling preempt (breakpoint handlers) */ static struct hlist_head kprobe_table[KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE]; static struct hlist_head kretprobe_inst_table[KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE]; /* NOTE: change this value only with kprobe_mutex held */ static bool kprobes_all_disarmed; /* This protects kprobe_table and optimizing_list */ static DEFINE_MUTEX(kprobe_mutex); static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct kprobe *, kprobe_instance) = NULL; static struct { raw_spinlock_t lock ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; } kretprobe_table_locks[KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE]; kprobe_opcode_t * __weak kprobe_lookup_name(const char *name, unsigned int __unused) { return ((kprobe_opcode_t *)(kallsyms_lookup_name(name))); } static raw_spinlock_t *kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(unsigned long hash) { return &(kretprobe_table_locks[hash].lock); } /* Blacklist -- list of struct kprobe_blacklist_entry */ static LIST_HEAD(kprobe_blacklist); #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_KPROBES_INSN_SLOT /* * kprobe->ainsn.insn points to the copy of the instruction to be * single-stepped. x86_64, POWER4 and above have no-exec support and * stepping on the instruction on a vmalloced/kmalloced/data page * is a recipe for disaster */ struct kprobe_insn_page { struct list_head list; kprobe_opcode_t *insns; /* Page of instruction slots */ struct kprobe_insn_cache *cache; int nused; int ngarbage; char slot_used[]; }; #define KPROBE_INSN_PAGE_SIZE(slots) \ (offsetof(struct kprobe_insn_page, slot_used) + \ (sizeof(char) * (slots))) static int slots_per_page(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c) { return PAGE_SIZE/(c->insn_size * sizeof(kprobe_opcode_t)); } enum kprobe_slot_state { SLOT_CLEAN = 0, SLOT_DIRTY = 1, SLOT_USED = 2, }; void __weak *alloc_insn_page(void) { return module_alloc(PAGE_SIZE); } void __weak free_insn_page(void *page) { module_memfree(page); } struct kprobe_insn_cache kprobe_insn_slots = { .mutex = __MUTEX_INITIALIZER(kprobe_insn_slots.mutex), .alloc = alloc_insn_page, .free = free_insn_page, .sym = KPROBE_INSN_PAGE_SYM, .pages = LIST_HEAD_INIT(kprobe_insn_slots.pages), .insn_size = MAX_INSN_SIZE, .nr_garbage = 0, }; static int collect_garbage_slots(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c); /** * __get_insn_slot() - Find a slot on an executable page for an instruction. * We allocate an executable page if there's no room on existing ones. */ kprobe_opcode_t *__get_insn_slot(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip; kprobe_opcode_t *slot = NULL; /* Since the slot array is not protected by rcu, we need a mutex */ mutex_lock(&c->mutex); retry: rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(kip, &c->pages, list) { if (kip->nused < slots_per_page(c)) { int i; for (i = 0; i < slots_per_page(c); i++) { if (kip->slot_used[i] == SLOT_CLEAN) { kip->slot_used[i] = SLOT_USED; kip->nused++; slot = kip->insns + (i * c->insn_size); rcu_read_unlock(); goto out; } } /* kip->nused is broken. Fix it. */ kip->nused = slots_per_page(c); WARN_ON(1); } } rcu_read_unlock(); /* If there are any garbage slots, collect it and try again. */ if (c->nr_garbage && collect_garbage_slots(c) == 0) goto retry; /* All out of space. Need to allocate a new page. */ kip = kmalloc(KPROBE_INSN_PAGE_SIZE(slots_per_page(c)), GFP_KERNEL); if (!kip) goto out; /* * Use module_alloc so this page is within +/- 2GB of where the * kernel image and loaded module images reside. This is required * so x86_64 can correctly handle the %rip-relative fixups. */ kip->insns = c->alloc(); if (!kip->insns) { kfree(kip); goto out; } INIT_LIST_HEAD(&kip->list); memset(kip->slot_used, SLOT_CLEAN, slots_per_page(c)); kip->slot_used[0] = SLOT_USED; kip->nused = 1; kip->ngarbage = 0; kip->cache = c; list_add_rcu(&kip->list, &c->pages); slot = kip->insns; /* Record the perf ksymbol register event after adding the page */ perf_event_ksymbol(PERF_RECORD_KSYMBOL_TYPE_OOL, (unsigned long)kip->insns, PAGE_SIZE, false, c->sym); out: mutex_unlock(&c->mutex); return slot; } /* Return 1 if all garbages are collected, otherwise 0. */ static int collect_one_slot(struct kprobe_insn_page *kip, int idx) { kip->slot_used[idx] = SLOT_CLEAN; kip->nused--; if (kip->nused == 0) { /* * Page is no longer in use. Free it unless * it's the last one. We keep the last one * so as not to have to set it up again the * next time somebody inserts a probe. */ if (!list_is_singular(&kip->list)) { /* * Record perf ksymbol unregister event before removing * the page. */ perf_event_ksymbol(PERF_RECORD_KSYMBOL_TYPE_OOL, (unsigned long)kip->insns, PAGE_SIZE, true, kip->cache->sym); list_del_rcu(&kip->list); synchronize_rcu(); kip->cache->free(kip->insns); kfree(kip); } return 1; } return 0; } static int collect_garbage_slots(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip, *next; /* Ensure no-one is interrupted on the garbages */ synchronize_rcu(); list_for_each_entry_safe(kip, next, &c->pages, list) { int i; if (kip->ngarbage == 0) continue; kip->ngarbage = 0; /* we will collect all garbages */ for (i = 0; i < slots_per_page(c); i++) { if (kip->slot_used[i] == SLOT_DIRTY && collect_one_slot(kip, i)) break; } } c->nr_garbage = 0; return 0; } void __free_insn_slot(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c, kprobe_opcode_t *slot, int dirty) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip; long idx; mutex_lock(&c->mutex); rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(kip, &c->pages, list) { idx = ((long)slot - (long)kip->insns) / (c->insn_size * sizeof(kprobe_opcode_t)); if (idx >= 0 && idx < slots_per_page(c)) goto out; } /* Could not find this slot. */ WARN_ON(1); kip = NULL; out: rcu_read_unlock(); /* Mark and sweep: this may sleep */ if (kip) { /* Check double free */ WARN_ON(kip->slot_used[idx] != SLOT_USED); if (dirty) { kip->slot_used[idx] = SLOT_DIRTY; kip->ngarbage++; if (++c->nr_garbage > slots_per_page(c)) collect_garbage_slots(c); } else { collect_one_slot(kip, idx); } } mutex_unlock(&c->mutex); } /* * Check given address is on the page of kprobe instruction slots. * This will be used for checking whether the address on a stack * is on a text area or not. */ bool __is_insn_slot_addr(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c, unsigned long addr) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip; bool ret = false; rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(kip, &c->pages, list) { if (addr >= (unsigned long)kip->insns && addr < (unsigned long)kip->insns + PAGE_SIZE) { ret = true; break; } } rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } int kprobe_cache_get_kallsym(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c, unsigned int *symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *sym) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip; int ret = -ERANGE; rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(kip, &c->pages, list) { if ((*symnum)--) continue; strlcpy(sym, c->sym, KSYM_NAME_LEN); *type = 't'; *value = (unsigned long)kip->insns; ret = 0; break; } rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } #ifdef CONFIG_OPTPROBES /* For optimized_kprobe buffer */ struct kprobe_insn_cache kprobe_optinsn_slots = { .mutex = __MUTEX_INITIALIZER(kprobe_optinsn_slots.mutex), .alloc = alloc_insn_page, .free = free_insn_page, .sym = KPROBE_OPTINSN_PAGE_SYM, .pages = LIST_HEAD_INIT(kprobe_optinsn_slots.pages), /* .insn_size is initialized later */ .nr_garbage = 0, }; #endif #endif /* We have preemption disabled.. so it is safe to use __ versions */ static inline void set_kprobe_instance(struct kprobe *kp) { __this_cpu_write(kprobe_instance, kp); } static inline void reset_kprobe_instance(void) { __this_cpu_write(kprobe_instance, NULL); } /* * This routine is called either: * - under the kprobe_mutex - during kprobe_[un]register() * OR * - with preemption disabled - from arch/xxx/kernel/kprobes.c */ struct kprobe *get_kprobe(void *addr) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; head = &kprobe_table[hash_ptr(addr, KPROBE_HASH_BITS)]; hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(p, head, hlist, lockdep_is_held(&kprobe_mutex)) { if (p->addr == addr) return p; } return NULL; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(get_kprobe); static int aggr_pre_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs); /* Return true if the kprobe is an aggregator */ static inline int kprobe_aggrprobe(struct kprobe *p) { return p->pre_handler == aggr_pre_handler; } /* Return true(!0) if the kprobe is unused */ static inline int kprobe_unused(struct kprobe *p) { return kprobe_aggrprobe(p) && kprobe_disabled(p) && list_empty(&p->list); } /* * Keep all fields in the kprobe consistent */ static inline void copy_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p) { memcpy(&p->opcode, &ap->opcode, sizeof(kprobe_opcode_t)); memcpy(&p->ainsn, &ap->ainsn, sizeof(struct arch_specific_insn)); } #ifdef CONFIG_OPTPROBES /* NOTE: change this value only with kprobe_mutex held */ static bool kprobes_allow_optimization; /* * Call all pre_handler on the list, but ignores its return value. * This must be called from arch-dep optimized caller. */ void opt_pre_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs) { struct kprobe *kp; list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) { if (kp->pre_handler && likely(!kprobe_disabled(kp))) { set_kprobe_instance(kp); kp->pre_handler(kp, regs); } reset_kprobe_instance(); } } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(opt_pre_handler); /* Free optimized instructions and optimized_kprobe */ static void free_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); arch_remove_optimized_kprobe(op); arch_remove_kprobe(p); kfree(op); } /* Return true(!0) if the kprobe is ready for optimization. */ static inline int kprobe_optready(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; if (kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); return arch_prepared_optinsn(&op->optinsn); } return 0; } /* Return true(!0) if the kprobe is disarmed. Note: p must be on hash list */ static inline int kprobe_disarmed(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* If kprobe is not aggr/opt probe, just return kprobe is disabled */ if (!kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) return kprobe_disabled(p); op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); return kprobe_disabled(p) && list_empty(&op->list); } /* Return true(!0) if the probe is queued on (un)optimizing lists */ static int kprobe_queued(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; if (kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (!list_empty(&op->list)) return 1; } return 0; } /* * Return an optimized kprobe whose optimizing code replaces * instructions including addr (exclude breakpoint). */ static struct kprobe *get_optimized_kprobe(unsigned long addr) { int i; struct kprobe *p = NULL; struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* Don't check i == 0, since that is a breakpoint case. */ for (i = 1; !p && i < MAX_OPTIMIZED_LENGTH; i++) p = get_kprobe((void *)(addr - i)); if (p && kprobe_optready(p)) { op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (arch_within_optimized_kprobe(op, addr)) return p; } return NULL; } /* Optimization staging list, protected by kprobe_mutex */ static LIST_HEAD(optimizing_list); static LIST_HEAD(unoptimizing_list); static LIST_HEAD(freeing_list); static void kprobe_optimizer(struct work_struct *work); static DECLARE_DELAYED_WORK(optimizing_work, kprobe_optimizer); #define OPTIMIZE_DELAY 5 /* * Optimize (replace a breakpoint with a jump) kprobes listed on * optimizing_list. */ static void do_optimize_kprobes(void) { lockdep_assert_held(&text_mutex); /* * The optimization/unoptimization refers online_cpus via * stop_machine() and cpu-hotplug modifies online_cpus. * And same time, text_mutex will be held in cpu-hotplug and here. * This combination can cause a deadlock (cpu-hotplug try to lock * text_mutex but stop_machine can not be done because online_cpus * has been changed) * To avoid this deadlock, caller must have locked cpu hotplug * for preventing cpu-hotplug outside of text_mutex locking. */ lockdep_assert_cpus_held(); /* Optimization never be done when disarmed */ if (kprobes_all_disarmed || !kprobes_allow_optimization || list_empty(&optimizing_list)) return; arch_optimize_kprobes(&optimizing_list); } /* * Unoptimize (replace a jump with a breakpoint and remove the breakpoint * if need) kprobes listed on unoptimizing_list. */ static void do_unoptimize_kprobes(void) { struct optimized_kprobe *op, *tmp; lockdep_assert_held(&text_mutex); /* See comment in do_optimize_kprobes() */ lockdep_assert_cpus_held(); /* Unoptimization must be done anytime */ if (list_empty(&unoptimizing_list)) return; arch_unoptimize_kprobes(&unoptimizing_list, &freeing_list); /* Loop free_list for disarming */ list_for_each_entry_safe(op, tmp, &freeing_list, list) { /* Switching from detour code to origin */ op->kp.flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; /* Disarm probes if marked disabled */ if (kprobe_disabled(&op->kp)) arch_disarm_kprobe(&op->kp); if (kprobe_unused(&op->kp)) { /* * Remove unused probes from hash list. After waiting * for synchronization, these probes are reclaimed. * (reclaiming is done by do_free_cleaned_kprobes.) */ hlist_del_rcu(&op->kp.hlist); } else list_del_init(&op->list); } } /* Reclaim all kprobes on the free_list */ static void do_free_cleaned_kprobes(void) { struct optimized_kprobe *op, *tmp; list_for_each_entry_safe(op, tmp, &freeing_list, list) { list_del_init(&op->list); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!kprobe_unused(&op->kp))) { /* * This must not happen, but if there is a kprobe * still in use, keep it on kprobes hash list. */ continue; } free_aggr_kprobe(&op->kp); } } /* Start optimizer after OPTIMIZE_DELAY passed */ static void kick_kprobe_optimizer(void) { schedule_delayed_work(&optimizing_work, OPTIMIZE_DELAY); } /* Kprobe jump optimizer */ static void kprobe_optimizer(struct work_struct *work) { mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); cpus_read_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); /* * Step 1: Unoptimize kprobes and collect cleaned (unused and disarmed) * kprobes before waiting for quiesence period. */ do_unoptimize_kprobes(); /* * Step 2: Wait for quiesence period to ensure all potentially * preempted tasks to have normally scheduled. Because optprobe * may modify multiple instructions, there is a chance that Nth * instruction is preempted. In that case, such tasks can return * to 2nd-Nth byte of jump instruction. This wait is for avoiding it. * Note that on non-preemptive kernel, this is transparently converted * to synchronoze_sched() to wait for all interrupts to have completed. */ synchronize_rcu_tasks(); /* Step 3: Optimize kprobes after quiesence period */ do_optimize_kprobes(); /* Step 4: Free cleaned kprobes after quiesence period */ do_free_cleaned_kprobes(); mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); cpus_read_unlock(); /* Step 5: Kick optimizer again if needed */ if (!list_empty(&optimizing_list) || !list_empty(&unoptimizing_list)) kick_kprobe_optimizer(); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } /* Wait for completing optimization and unoptimization */ void wait_for_kprobe_optimizer(void) { mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); while (!list_empty(&optimizing_list) || !list_empty(&unoptimizing_list)) { mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); /* this will also make optimizing_work execute immmediately */ flush_delayed_work(&optimizing_work); /* @optimizing_work might not have been queued yet, relax */ cpu_relax(); mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); } mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } static bool optprobe_queued_unopt(struct optimized_kprobe *op) { struct optimized_kprobe *_op; list_for_each_entry(_op, &unoptimizing_list, list) { if (op == _op) return true; } return false; } /* Optimize kprobe if p is ready to be optimized */ static void optimize_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* Check if the kprobe is disabled or not ready for optimization. */ if (!kprobe_optready(p) || !kprobes_allow_optimization || (kprobe_disabled(p) || kprobes_all_disarmed)) return; /* kprobes with post_handler can not be optimized */ if (p->post_handler) return; op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); /* Check there is no other kprobes at the optimized instructions */ if (arch_check_optimized_kprobe(op) < 0) return; /* Check if it is already optimized. */ if (op->kp.flags & KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED) { if (optprobe_queued_unopt(op)) { /* This is under unoptimizing. Just dequeue the probe */ list_del_init(&op->list); } return; } op->kp.flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; /* On unoptimizing/optimizing_list, op must have OPTIMIZED flag */ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&op->list))) return; list_add(&op->list, &optimizing_list); kick_kprobe_optimizer(); } /* Short cut to direct unoptimizing */ static void force_unoptimize_kprobe(struct optimized_kprobe *op) { lockdep_assert_cpus_held(); arch_unoptimize_kprobe(op); op->kp.flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; } /* Unoptimize a kprobe if p is optimized */ static void unoptimize_kprobe(struct kprobe *p, bool force) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; if (!kprobe_aggrprobe(p) || kprobe_disarmed(p)) return; /* This is not an optprobe nor optimized */ op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (!kprobe_optimized(p)) return; if (!list_empty(&op->list)) { if (optprobe_queued_unopt(op)) { /* Queued in unoptimizing queue */ if (force) { /* * Forcibly unoptimize the kprobe here, and queue it * in the freeing list for release afterwards. */ force_unoptimize_kprobe(op); list_move(&op->list, &freeing_list); } } else { /* Dequeue from the optimizing queue */ list_del_init(&op->list); op->kp.flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; } return; } /* Optimized kprobe case */ if (force) { /* Forcibly update the code: this is a special case */ force_unoptimize_kprobe(op); } else { list_add(&op->list, &unoptimizing_list); kick_kprobe_optimizer(); } } /* Cancel unoptimizing for reusing */ static int reuse_unused_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* * Unused kprobe MUST be on the way of delayed unoptimizing (means * there is still a relative jump) and disabled. */ op = container_of(ap, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); WARN_ON_ONCE(list_empty(&op->list)); /* Enable the probe again */ ap->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; /* Optimize it again (remove from op->list) */ if (!kprobe_optready(ap)) return -EINVAL; optimize_kprobe(ap); return 0; } /* Remove optimized instructions */ static void kill_optimized_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (!list_empty(&op->list)) /* Dequeue from the (un)optimization queue */ list_del_init(&op->list); op->kp.flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; if (kprobe_unused(p)) { /* Enqueue if it is unused */ list_add(&op->list, &freeing_list); /* * Remove unused probes from the hash list. After waiting * for synchronization, this probe is reclaimed. * (reclaiming is done by do_free_cleaned_kprobes().) */ hlist_del_rcu(&op->kp.hlist); } /* Don't touch the code, because it is already freed. */ arch_remove_optimized_kprobe(op); } static inline void __prepare_optimized_kprobe(struct optimized_kprobe *op, struct kprobe *p) { if (!kprobe_ftrace(p)) arch_prepare_optimized_kprobe(op, p); } /* Try to prepare optimized instructions */ static void prepare_optimized_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); __prepare_optimized_kprobe(op, p); } /* Allocate new optimized_kprobe and try to prepare optimized instructions */ static struct kprobe *alloc_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; op = kzalloc(sizeof(struct optimized_kprobe), GFP_KERNEL); if (!op) return NULL; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&op->list); op->kp.addr = p->addr; __prepare_optimized_kprobe(op, p); return &op->kp; } static void init_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p); /* * Prepare an optimized_kprobe and optimize it * NOTE: p must be a normal registered kprobe */ static void try_to_optimize_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *ap; struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* Impossible to optimize ftrace-based kprobe */ if (kprobe_ftrace(p)) return; /* For preparing optimization, jump_label_text_reserved() is called */ cpus_read_lock(); jump_label_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); ap = alloc_aggr_kprobe(p); if (!ap) goto out; op = container_of(ap, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (!arch_prepared_optinsn(&op->optinsn)) { /* If failed to setup optimizing, fallback to kprobe */ arch_remove_optimized_kprobe(op); kfree(op); goto out; } init_aggr_kprobe(ap, p); optimize_kprobe(ap); /* This just kicks optimizer thread */ out: mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); jump_label_unlock(); cpus_read_unlock(); } static void optimize_all_kprobes(void) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* If optimization is already allowed, just return */ if (kprobes_allow_optimization) goto out; cpus_read_lock(); kprobes_allow_optimization = true; for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) if (!kprobe_disabled(p)) optimize_kprobe(p); } cpus_read_unlock(); printk(KERN_INFO "Kprobes globally optimized\n"); out: mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL static void unoptimize_all_kprobes(void) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* If optimization is already prohibited, just return */ if (!kprobes_allow_optimization) { mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return; } cpus_read_lock(); kprobes_allow_optimization = false; for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (!kprobe_disabled(p)) unoptimize_kprobe(p, false); } } cpus_read_unlock(); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Wait for unoptimizing completion */ wait_for_kprobe_optimizer(); printk(KERN_INFO "Kprobes globally unoptimized\n"); } static DEFINE_MUTEX(kprobe_sysctl_mutex); int sysctl_kprobes_optimization; int proc_kprobes_optimization_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *length, loff_t *ppos) { int ret; mutex_lock(&kprobe_sysctl_mutex); sysctl_kprobes_optimization = kprobes_allow_optimization ? 1 : 0; ret = proc_dointvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, length, ppos); if (sysctl_kprobes_optimization) optimize_all_kprobes(); else unoptimize_all_kprobes(); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_sysctl_mutex); return ret; } #endif /* CONFIG_SYSCTL */ /* Put a breakpoint for a probe. Must be called with text_mutex locked */ static void __arm_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *_p; /* Check collision with other optimized kprobes */ _p = get_optimized_kprobe((unsigned long)p->addr); if (unlikely(_p)) /* Fallback to unoptimized kprobe */ unoptimize_kprobe(_p, true); arch_arm_kprobe(p); optimize_kprobe(p); /* Try to optimize (add kprobe to a list) */ } /* Remove the breakpoint of a probe. Must be called with text_mutex locked */ static void __disarm_kprobe(struct kprobe *p, bool reopt) { struct kprobe *_p; /* Try to unoptimize */ unoptimize_kprobe(p, kprobes_all_disarmed); if (!kprobe_queued(p)) { arch_disarm_kprobe(p); /* If another kprobe was blocked, optimize it. */ _p = get_optimized_kprobe((unsigned long)p->addr); if (unlikely(_p) && reopt) optimize_kprobe(_p); } /* TODO: reoptimize others after unoptimized this probe */ } #else /* !CONFIG_OPTPROBES */ #define optimize_kprobe(p) do {} while (0) #define unoptimize_kprobe(p, f) do {} while (0) #define kill_optimized_kprobe(p) do {} while (0) #define prepare_optimized_kprobe(p) do {} while (0) #define try_to_optimize_kprobe(p) do {} while (0) #define __arm_kprobe(p) arch_arm_kprobe(p) #define __disarm_kprobe(p, o) arch_disarm_kprobe(p) #define kprobe_disarmed(p) kprobe_disabled(p) #define wait_for_kprobe_optimizer() do {} while (0) static int reuse_unused_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap) { /* * If the optimized kprobe is NOT supported, the aggr kprobe is * released at the same time that the last aggregated kprobe is * unregistered. * Thus there should be no chance to reuse unused kprobe. */ printk(KERN_ERR "Error: There should be no unused kprobe here.\n"); return -EINVAL; } static void free_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { arch_remove_kprobe(p); kfree(p); } static struct kprobe *alloc_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { return kzalloc(sizeof(struct kprobe), GFP_KERNEL); } #endif /* CONFIG_OPTPROBES */ #ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE static struct ftrace_ops kprobe_ftrace_ops __read_mostly = { .func = kprobe_ftrace_handler, .flags = FTRACE_OPS_FL_SAVE_REGS, }; static struct ftrace_ops kprobe_ipmodify_ops __read_mostly = { .func = kprobe_ftrace_handler, .flags = FTRACE_OPS_FL_SAVE_REGS | FTRACE_OPS_FL_IPMODIFY, }; static int kprobe_ipmodify_enabled; static int kprobe_ftrace_enabled; /* Must ensure p->addr is really on ftrace */ static int prepare_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { if (!kprobe_ftrace(p)) return arch_prepare_kprobe(p); return arch_prepare_kprobe_ftrace(p); } /* Caller must lock kprobe_mutex */ static int __arm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p, struct ftrace_ops *ops, int *cnt) { int ret = 0; ret = ftrace_set_filter_ip(ops, (unsigned long)p->addr, 0, 0); if (ret) { pr_debug("Failed to arm kprobe-ftrace at %pS (%d)\n", p->addr, ret); return ret; } if (*cnt == 0) { ret = register_ftrace_function(ops); if (ret) { pr_debug("Failed to init kprobe-ftrace (%d)\n", ret); goto err_ftrace; } } (*cnt)++; return ret; err_ftrace: /* * At this point, sinec ops is not registered, we should be sefe from * registering empty filter. */ ftrace_set_filter_ip(ops, (unsigned long)p->addr, 1, 0); return ret; } static int arm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p) { bool ipmodify = (p->post_handler != NULL); return __arm_kprobe_ftrace(p, ipmodify ? &kprobe_ipmodify_ops : &kprobe_ftrace_ops, ipmodify ? &kprobe_ipmodify_enabled : &kprobe_ftrace_enabled); } /* Caller must lock kprobe_mutex */ static int __disarm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p, struct ftrace_ops *ops, int *cnt) { int ret = 0; if (*cnt == 1) { ret = unregister_ftrace_function(ops); if (WARN(ret < 0, "Failed to unregister kprobe-ftrace (%d)\n", ret)) return ret; } (*cnt)--; ret = ftrace_set_filter_ip(ops, (unsigned long)p->addr, 1, 0); WARN_ONCE(ret < 0, "Failed to disarm kprobe-ftrace at %pS (%d)\n", p->addr, ret); return ret; } static int disarm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p) { bool ipmodify = (p->post_handler != NULL); return __disarm_kprobe_ftrace(p, ipmodify ? &kprobe_ipmodify_ops : &kprobe_ftrace_ops, ipmodify ? &kprobe_ipmodify_enabled : &kprobe_ftrace_enabled); } #else /* !CONFIG_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE */ static inline int prepare_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { return arch_prepare_kprobe(p); } static inline int arm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p) { return -ENODEV; } static inline int disarm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p) { return -ENODEV; } #endif /* Arm a kprobe with text_mutex */ static int arm_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp) { if (unlikely(kprobe_ftrace(kp))) return arm_kprobe_ftrace(kp); cpus_read_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); __arm_kprobe(kp); mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); cpus_read_unlock(); return 0; } /* Disarm a kprobe with text_mutex */ static int disarm_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp, bool reopt) { if (unlikely(kprobe_ftrace(kp))) return disarm_kprobe_ftrace(kp); cpus_read_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); __disarm_kprobe(kp, reopt); mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); cpus_read_unlock(); return 0; } /* * Aggregate handlers for multiple kprobes support - these handlers * take care of invoking the individual kprobe handlers on p->list */ static int aggr_pre_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs) { struct kprobe *kp; list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) { if (kp->pre_handler && likely(!kprobe_disabled(kp))) { set_kprobe_instance(kp); if (kp->pre_handler(kp, regs)) return 1; } reset_kprobe_instance(); } return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(aggr_pre_handler); static void aggr_post_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long flags) { struct kprobe *kp; list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) { if (kp->post_handler && likely(!kprobe_disabled(kp))) { set_kprobe_instance(kp); kp->post_handler(kp, regs, flags); reset_kprobe_instance(); } } } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(aggr_post_handler); static int aggr_fault_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs, int trapnr) { struct kprobe *cur = __this_cpu_read(kprobe_instance); /* * if we faulted "during" the execution of a user specified * probe handler, invoke just that probe's fault handler */ if (cur && cur->fault_handler) { if (cur->fault_handler(cur, regs, trapnr)) return 1; } return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(aggr_fault_handler); /* Walks the list and increments nmissed count for multiprobe case */ void kprobes_inc_nmissed_count(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *kp; if (!kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { p->nmissed++; } else { list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) kp->nmissed++; } return; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kprobes_inc_nmissed_count); static void recycle_rp_inst(struct kretprobe_instance *ri) { struct kretprobe *rp = ri->rp; /* remove rp inst off the rprobe_inst_table */ hlist_del(&ri->hlist); INIT_HLIST_NODE(&ri->hlist); if (likely(rp)) { raw_spin_lock(&rp->lock); hlist_add_head(&ri->hlist, &rp->free_instances); raw_spin_unlock(&rp->lock); } else kfree_rcu(ri, rcu); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(recycle_rp_inst); static void kretprobe_hash_lock(struct task_struct *tsk, struct hlist_head **head, unsigned long *flags) __acquires(hlist_lock) { unsigned long hash = hash_ptr(tsk, KPROBE_HASH_BITS); raw_spinlock_t *hlist_lock; *head = &kretprobe_inst_table[hash]; hlist_lock = kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(hash); /* * Nested is a workaround that will soon not be needed. * There's other protections that make sure the same lock * is not taken on the same CPU that lockdep is unaware of. * Differentiate when it is taken in NMI context. */ raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(hlist_lock, *flags, !!in_nmi()); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kretprobe_hash_lock); static void kretprobe_table_lock(unsigned long hash, unsigned long *flags) __acquires(hlist_lock) { raw_spinlock_t *hlist_lock = kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(hash); /* * Nested is a workaround that will soon not be needed. * There's other protections that make sure the same lock * is not taken on the same CPU that lockdep is unaware of. * Differentiate when it is taken in NMI context. */ raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(hlist_lock, *flags, !!in_nmi()); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kretprobe_table_lock); static void kretprobe_hash_unlock(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long *flags) __releases(hlist_lock) { unsigned long hash = hash_ptr(tsk, KPROBE_HASH_BITS); raw_spinlock_t *hlist_lock; hlist_lock = kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(hash); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(hlist_lock, *flags); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kretprobe_hash_unlock); static void kretprobe_table_unlock(unsigned long hash, unsigned long *flags) __releases(hlist_lock) { raw_spinlock_t *hlist_lock = kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(hash); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(hlist_lock, *flags); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kretprobe_table_unlock); static struct kprobe kprobe_busy = { .addr = (void *) get_kprobe, }; void kprobe_busy_begin(void) { struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb; preempt_disable(); __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, &kprobe_busy); kcb = get_kprobe_ctlblk(); kcb->kprobe_status = KPROBE_HIT_ACTIVE; } void kprobe_busy_end(void) { __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, NULL); preempt_enable(); } /* * This function is called from finish_task_switch when task tk becomes dead, * so that we can recycle any function-return probe instances associated * with this task. These left over instances represent probed functions * that have been called but will never return. */ void kprobe_flush_task(struct task_struct *tk) { struct kretprobe_instance *ri; struct hlist_head *head; struct hlist_node *tmp; unsigned long hash, flags = 0; if (unlikely(!kprobes_initialized)) /* Early boot. kretprobe_table_locks not yet initialized. */ return; kprobe_busy_begin(); hash = hash_ptr(tk, KPROBE_HASH_BITS); head = &kretprobe_inst_table[hash]; kretprobe_table_lock(hash, &flags); hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, tmp, head, hlist) { if (ri->task == tk) recycle_rp_inst(ri); } kretprobe_table_unlock(hash, &flags); kprobe_busy_end(); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kprobe_flush_task); static inline void free_rp_inst(struct kretprobe *rp) { struct kretprobe_instance *ri; struct hlist_node *next; hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, next, &rp->free_instances, hlist) { hlist_del(&ri->hlist); kfree(ri); } } static void cleanup_rp_inst(struct kretprobe *rp) { unsigned long flags, hash; struct kretprobe_instance *ri; struct hlist_node *next; struct hlist_head *head; /* To avoid recursive kretprobe by NMI, set kprobe busy here */ kprobe_busy_begin(); for (hash = 0; hash < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; hash++) { kretprobe_table_lock(hash, &flags); head = &kretprobe_inst_table[hash]; hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, next, head, hlist) { if (ri->rp == rp) ri->rp = NULL; } kretprobe_table_unlock(hash, &flags); } kprobe_busy_end(); free_rp_inst(rp); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(cleanup_rp_inst); /* Add the new probe to ap->list */ static int add_new_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p) { if (p->post_handler) unoptimize_kprobe(ap, true); /* Fall back to normal kprobe */ list_add_rcu(&p->list, &ap->list); if (p->post_handler && !ap->post_handler) ap->post_handler = aggr_post_handler; return 0; } /* * Fill in the required fields of the "manager kprobe". Replace the * earlier kprobe in the hlist with the manager kprobe */ static void init_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p) { /* Copy p's insn slot to ap */ copy_kprobe(p, ap); flush_insn_slot(ap); ap->addr = p->addr; ap->flags = p->flags & ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; ap->pre_handler = aggr_pre_handler; ap->fault_handler = aggr_fault_handler; /* We don't care the kprobe which has gone. */ if (p->post_handler && !kprobe_gone(p)) ap->post_handler = aggr_post_handler; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ap->list); INIT_HLIST_NODE(&ap->hlist); list_add_rcu(&p->list, &ap->list); hlist_replace_rcu(&p->hlist, &ap->hlist); } /* * This is the second or subsequent kprobe at the address - handle * the intricacies */ static int register_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *orig_p, struct kprobe *p) { int ret = 0; struct kprobe *ap = orig_p; cpus_read_lock(); /* For preparing optimization, jump_label_text_reserved() is called */ jump_label_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); if (!kprobe_aggrprobe(orig_p)) { /* If orig_p is not an aggr_kprobe, create new aggr_kprobe. */ ap = alloc_aggr_kprobe(orig_p); if (!ap) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } init_aggr_kprobe(ap, orig_p); } else if (kprobe_unused(ap)) { /* This probe is going to die. Rescue it */ ret = reuse_unused_kprobe(ap); if (ret) goto out; } if (kprobe_gone(ap)) { /* * Attempting to insert new probe at the same location that * had a probe in the module vaddr area which already * freed. So, the instruction slot has already been * released. We need a new slot for the new probe. */ ret = arch_prepare_kprobe(ap); if (ret) /* * Even if fail to allocate new slot, don't need to * free aggr_probe. It will be used next time, or * freed by unregister_kprobe. */ goto out; /* Prepare optimized instructions if possible. */ prepare_optimized_kprobe(ap); /* * Clear gone flag to prevent allocating new slot again, and * set disabled flag because it is not armed yet. */ ap->flags = (ap->flags & ~KPROBE_FLAG_GONE) | KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; } /* Copy ap's insn slot to p */ copy_kprobe(ap, p); ret = add_new_kprobe(ap, p); out: mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); jump_label_unlock(); cpus_read_unlock(); if (ret == 0 && kprobe_disabled(ap) && !kprobe_disabled(p)) { ap->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; if (!kprobes_all_disarmed) { /* Arm the breakpoint again. */ ret = arm_kprobe(ap); if (ret) { ap->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; list_del_rcu(&p->list); synchronize_rcu(); } } } return ret; } bool __weak arch_within_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long addr) { /* The __kprobes marked functions and entry code must not be probed */ return addr >= (unsigned long)__kprobes_text_start && addr < (unsigned long)__kprobes_text_end; } static bool __within_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long addr) { struct kprobe_blacklist_entry *ent; if (arch_within_kprobe_blacklist(addr)) return true; /* * If there exists a kprobe_blacklist, verify and * fail any probe registration in the prohibited area */ list_for_each_entry(ent, &kprobe_blacklist, list) { if (addr >= ent->start_addr && addr < ent->end_addr) return true; } return false; } bool within_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long addr) { char symname[KSYM_NAME_LEN], *p; if (__within_kprobe_blacklist(addr)) return true; /* Check if the address is on a suffixed-symbol */ if (!lookup_symbol_name(addr, symname)) { p = strchr(symname, '.'); if (!p) return false; *p = '\0'; addr = (unsigned long)kprobe_lookup_name(symname, 0); if (addr) return __within_kprobe_blacklist(addr); } return false; } /* * If we have a symbol_name argument, look it up and add the offset field * to it. This way, we can specify a relative address to a symbol. * This returns encoded errors if it fails to look up symbol or invalid * combination of parameters. */ static kprobe_opcode_t *_kprobe_addr(kprobe_opcode_t *addr, const char *symbol_name, unsigned int offset) { if ((symbol_name && addr) || (!symbol_name && !addr)) goto invalid; if (symbol_name) { addr = kprobe_lookup_name(symbol_name, offset); if (!addr) return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); } addr = (kprobe_opcode_t *)(((char *)addr) + offset); if (addr) return addr; invalid: return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } static kprobe_opcode_t *kprobe_addr(struct kprobe *p) { return _kprobe_addr(p->addr, p->symbol_name, p->offset); } /* Check passed kprobe is valid and return kprobe in kprobe_table. */ static struct kprobe *__get_valid_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *ap, *list_p; lockdep_assert_held(&kprobe_mutex); ap = get_kprobe(p->addr); if (unlikely(!ap)) return NULL; if (p != ap) { list_for_each_entry(list_p, &ap->list, list) if (list_p == p) /* kprobe p is a valid probe */ goto valid; return NULL; } valid: return ap; } /* Return error if the kprobe is being re-registered */ static inline int check_kprobe_rereg(struct kprobe *p) { int ret = 0; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); if (__get_valid_kprobe(p)) ret = -EINVAL; mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return ret; } int __weak arch_check_ftrace_location(struct kprobe *p) { unsigned long ftrace_addr; ftrace_addr = ftrace_location((unsigned long)p->addr); if (ftrace_addr) { #ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE /* Given address is not on the instruction boundary */ if ((unsigned long)p->addr != ftrace_addr) return -EILSEQ; p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_FTRACE; #else /* !CONFIG_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE */ return -EINVAL; #endif } return 0; } static int check_kprobe_address_safe(struct kprobe *p, struct module **probed_mod) { int ret; ret = arch_check_ftrace_location(p); if (ret) return ret; jump_label_lock(); preempt_disable(); /* Ensure it is not in reserved area nor out of text */ if (!kernel_text_address((unsigned long) p->addr) || within_kprobe_blacklist((unsigned long) p->addr) || jump_label_text_reserved(p->addr, p->addr) || static_call_text_reserved(p->addr, p->addr) || find_bug((unsigned long)p->addr)) { ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } /* Check if are we probing a module */ *probed_mod = __module_text_address((unsigned long) p->addr); if (*probed_mod) { /* * We must hold a refcount of the probed module while updating * its code to prohibit unexpected unloading. */ if (unlikely(!try_module_get(*probed_mod))) { ret = -ENOENT; goto out; } /* * If the module freed .init.text, we couldn't insert * kprobes in there. */ if (within_module_init((unsigned long)p->addr, *probed_mod) && (*probed_mod)->state != MODULE_STATE_COMING) { module_put(*probed_mod); *probed_mod = NULL; ret = -ENOENT; } } out: preempt_enable(); jump_label_unlock(); return ret; } int register_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { int ret; struct kprobe *old_p; struct module *probed_mod; kprobe_opcode_t *addr; /* Adjust probe address from symbol */ addr = kprobe_addr(p); if (IS_ERR(addr)) return PTR_ERR(addr); p->addr = addr; ret = check_kprobe_rereg(p); if (ret) return ret; /* User can pass only KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED to register_kprobe */ p->flags &= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; p->nmissed = 0; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->list); ret = check_kprobe_address_safe(p, &probed_mod); if (ret) return ret; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); old_p = get_kprobe(p->addr); if (old_p) { /* Since this may unoptimize old_p, locking text_mutex. */ ret = register_aggr_kprobe(old_p, p); goto out; } cpus_read_lock(); /* Prevent text modification */ mutex_lock(&text_mutex); ret = prepare_kprobe(p); mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); cpus_read_unlock(); if (ret) goto out; INIT_HLIST_NODE(&p->hlist); hlist_add_head_rcu(&p->hlist, &kprobe_table[hash_ptr(p->addr, KPROBE_HASH_BITS)]); if (!kprobes_all_disarmed && !kprobe_disabled(p)) { ret = arm_kprobe(p); if (ret) { hlist_del_rcu(&p->hlist); synchronize_rcu(); goto out; } } /* Try to optimize kprobe */ try_to_optimize_kprobe(p); out: mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); if (probed_mod) module_put(probed_mod); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kprobe); /* Check if all probes on the aggrprobe are disabled */ static int aggr_kprobe_disabled(struct kprobe *ap) { struct kprobe *kp; lockdep_assert_held(&kprobe_mutex); list_for_each_entry(kp, &ap->list, list) if (!kprobe_disabled(kp)) /* * There is an active probe on the list. * We can't disable this ap. */ return 0; return 1; } /* Disable one kprobe: Make sure called under kprobe_mutex is locked */ static struct kprobe *__disable_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *orig_p; int ret; /* Get an original kprobe for return */ orig_p = __get_valid_kprobe(p); if (unlikely(orig_p == NULL)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); if (!kprobe_disabled(p)) { /* Disable probe if it is a child probe */ if (p != orig_p) p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; /* Try to disarm and disable this/parent probe */ if (p == orig_p || aggr_kprobe_disabled(orig_p)) { /* * If kprobes_all_disarmed is set, orig_p * should have already been disarmed, so * skip unneed disarming process. */ if (!kprobes_all_disarmed) { ret = disarm_kprobe(orig_p, true); if (ret) { p->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; return ERR_PTR(ret); } } orig_p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; } } return orig_p; } /* * Unregister a kprobe without a scheduler synchronization. */ static int __unregister_kprobe_top(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *ap, *list_p; /* Disable kprobe. This will disarm it if needed. */ ap = __disable_kprobe(p); if (IS_ERR(ap)) return PTR_ERR(ap); if (ap == p) /* * This probe is an independent(and non-optimized) kprobe * (not an aggrprobe). Remove from the hash list. */ goto disarmed; /* Following process expects this probe is an aggrprobe */ WARN_ON(!kprobe_aggrprobe(ap)); if (list_is_singular(&ap->list) && kprobe_disarmed(ap)) /* * !disarmed could be happen if the probe is under delayed * unoptimizing. */ goto disarmed; else { /* If disabling probe has special handlers, update aggrprobe */ if (p->post_handler && !kprobe_gone(p)) { list_for_each_entry(list_p, &ap->list, list) { if ((list_p != p) && (list_p->post_handler)) goto noclean; } ap->post_handler = NULL; } noclean: /* * Remove from the aggrprobe: this path will do nothing in * __unregister_kprobe_bottom(). */ list_del_rcu(&p->list); if (!kprobe_disabled(ap) && !kprobes_all_disarmed) /* * Try to optimize this probe again, because post * handler may have been changed. */ optimize_kprobe(ap); } return 0; disarmed: hlist_del_rcu(&ap->hlist); return 0; } static void __unregister_kprobe_bottom(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *ap; if (list_empty(&p->list)) /* This is an independent kprobe */ arch_remove_kprobe(p); else if (list_is_singular(&p->list)) { /* This is the last child of an aggrprobe */ ap = list_entry(p->list.next, struct kprobe, list); list_del(&p->list); free_aggr_kprobe(ap); } /* Otherwise, do nothing. */ } int register_kprobes(struct kprobe **kps, int num) { int i, ret = 0; if (num <= 0) return -EINVAL; for (i = 0; i < num; i++) { ret = register_kprobe(kps[i]); if (ret < 0) { if (i > 0) unregister_kprobes(kps, i); break; } } return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kprobes); void unregister_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { unregister_kprobes(&p, 1); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kprobe); void unregister_kprobes(struct kprobe **kps, int num) { int i; if (num <= 0) return; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) if (__unregister_kprobe_top(kps[i]) < 0) kps[i]->addr = NULL; mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); synchronize_rcu(); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) if (kps[i]->addr) __unregister_kprobe_bottom(kps[i]); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kprobes); int __weak kprobe_exceptions_notify(struct notifier_block *self, unsigned long val, void *data) { return NOTIFY_DONE; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kprobe_exceptions_notify); static struct notifier_block kprobe_exceptions_nb = { .notifier_call = kprobe_exceptions_notify, .priority = 0x7fffffff /* we need to be notified first */ }; unsigned long __weak arch_deref_entry_point(void *entry) { return (unsigned long)entry; } #ifdef CONFIG_KRETPROBES unsigned long __kretprobe_trampoline_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, void *trampoline_address, void *frame_pointer) { struct kretprobe_instance *ri = NULL, *last = NULL; struct hlist_head *head; struct hlist_node *tmp; unsigned long flags; kprobe_opcode_t *correct_ret_addr = NULL; bool skipped = false; kretprobe_hash_lock(current, &head, &flags); /* * It is possible to have multiple instances associated with a given * task either because multiple functions in the call path have * return probes installed on them, and/or more than one * return probe was registered for a target function. * * We can handle this because: * - instances are always pushed into the head of the list * - when multiple return probes are registered for the same * function, the (chronologically) first instance's ret_addr * will be the real return address, and all the rest will * point to kretprobe_trampoline. */ hlist_for_each_entry(ri, head, hlist) { if (ri->task != current) /* another task is sharing our hash bucket */ continue; /* * Return probes must be pushed on this hash list correct * order (same as return order) so that it can be popped * correctly. However, if we find it is pushed it incorrect * order, this means we find a function which should not be * probed, because the wrong order entry is pushed on the * path of processing other kretprobe itself. */ if (ri->fp != frame_pointer) { if (!skipped) pr_warn("kretprobe is stacked incorrectly. Trying to fixup.\n"); skipped = true; continue; } correct_ret_addr = ri->ret_addr; if (skipped) pr_warn("%ps must be blacklisted because of incorrect kretprobe order\n", ri->rp->kp.addr); if (correct_ret_addr != trampoline_address) /* * This is the real return address. Any other * instances associated with this task are for * other calls deeper on the call stack */ break; } BUG_ON(!correct_ret_addr || (correct_ret_addr == trampoline_address)); last = ri; hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, tmp, head, hlist) { if (ri->task != current) /* another task is sharing our hash bucket */ continue; if (ri->fp != frame_pointer) continue; if (ri->rp && ri->rp->handler) { struct kprobe *prev = kprobe_running(); __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, &ri->rp->kp); ri->ret_addr = correct_ret_addr; ri->rp->handler(ri, regs); __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, prev); } recycle_rp_inst(ri); if (ri == last) break; } kretprobe_hash_unlock(current, &flags); return (unsigned long)correct_ret_addr; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(__kretprobe_trampoline_handler) /* * This kprobe pre_handler is registered with every kretprobe. When probe * hits it will set up the return probe. */ static int pre_handler_kretprobe(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs) { struct kretprobe *rp = container_of(p, struct kretprobe, kp); unsigned long hash, flags = 0; struct kretprobe_instance *ri; /* TODO: consider to only swap the RA after the last pre_handler fired */ hash = hash_ptr(current, KPROBE_HASH_BITS); /* * Nested is a workaround that will soon not be needed. * There's other protections that make sure the same lock * is not taken on the same CPU that lockdep is unaware of. */ raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(&rp->lock, flags, 1); if (!hlist_empty(&rp->free_instances)) { ri = hlist_entry(rp->free_instances.first, struct kretprobe_instance, hlist); hlist_del(&ri->hlist); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rp->lock, flags); ri->rp = rp; ri->task = current; if (rp->entry_handler && rp->entry_handler(ri, regs)) { raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(&rp->lock, flags, 1); hlist_add_head(&ri->hlist, &rp->free_instances); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rp->lock, flags); return 0; } arch_prepare_kretprobe(ri, regs); /* XXX(hch): why is there no hlist_move_head? */ INIT_HLIST_NODE(&ri->hlist); kretprobe_table_lock(hash, &flags); hlist_add_head(&ri->hlist, &kretprobe_inst_table[hash]); kretprobe_table_unlock(hash, &flags); } else { rp->nmissed++; raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rp->lock, flags); } return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(pre_handler_kretprobe); bool __weak arch_kprobe_on_func_entry(unsigned long offset) { return !offset; } /** * kprobe_on_func_entry() -- check whether given address is function entry * @addr: Target address * @sym: Target symbol name * @offset: The offset from the symbol or the address * * This checks whether the given @addr+@offset or @sym+@offset is on the * function entry address or not. * This returns 0 if it is the function entry, or -EINVAL if it is not. * And also it returns -ENOENT if it fails the symbol or address lookup. * Caller must pass @addr or @sym (either one must be NULL), or this * returns -EINVAL. */ int kprobe_on_func_entry(kprobe_opcode_t *addr, const char *sym, unsigned long offset) { kprobe_opcode_t *kp_addr = _kprobe_addr(addr, sym, offset); if (IS_ERR(kp_addr)) return PTR_ERR(kp_addr); if (!kallsyms_lookup_size_offset((unsigned long)kp_addr, NULL, &offset)) return -ENOENT; if (!arch_kprobe_on_func_entry(offset)) return -EINVAL; return 0; } int register_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp) { int ret; struct kretprobe_instance *inst; int i; void *addr; ret = kprobe_on_func_entry(rp->kp.addr, rp->kp.symbol_name, rp->kp.offset); if (ret) return ret; /* If only rp->kp.addr is specified, check reregistering kprobes */ if (rp->kp.addr && check_kprobe_rereg(&rp->kp)) return -EINVAL; if (kretprobe_blacklist_size) { addr = kprobe_addr(&rp->kp); if (IS_ERR(addr)) return PTR_ERR(addr); for (i = 0; kretprobe_blacklist[i].name != NULL; i++) { if (kretprobe_blacklist[i].addr == addr) return -EINVAL; } } if (rp->data_size > KRETPROBE_MAX_DATA_SIZE) return -E2BIG; rp->kp.pre_handler = pre_handler_kretprobe; rp->kp.post_handler = NULL; rp->kp.fault_handler = NULL; /* Pre-allocate memory for max kretprobe instances */ if (rp->maxactive <= 0) { #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPTION rp->maxactive = max_t(unsigned int, 10, 2*num_possible_cpus()); #else rp->maxactive = num_possible_cpus(); #endif } raw_spin_lock_init(&rp->lock); INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&rp->free_instances); for (i = 0; i < rp->maxactive; i++) { inst = kmalloc(sizeof(struct kretprobe_instance) + rp->data_size, GFP_KERNEL); if (inst == NULL) { free_rp_inst(rp); return -ENOMEM; } INIT_HLIST_NODE(&inst->hlist); hlist_add_head(&inst->hlist, &rp->free_instances); } rp->nmissed = 0; /* Establish function entry probe point */ ret = register_kprobe(&rp->kp); if (ret != 0) free_rp_inst(rp); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kretprobe); int register_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num) { int ret = 0, i; if (num <= 0) return -EINVAL; for (i = 0; i < num; i++) { ret = register_kretprobe(rps[i]); if (ret < 0) { if (i > 0) unregister_kretprobes(rps, i); break; } } return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kretprobes); void unregister_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp) { unregister_kretprobes(&rp, 1); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kretprobe); void unregister_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num) { int i; if (num <= 0) return; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) if (__unregister_kprobe_top(&rps[i]->kp) < 0) rps[i]->kp.addr = NULL; mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); synchronize_rcu(); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) { if (rps[i]->kp.addr) { __unregister_kprobe_bottom(&rps[i]->kp); cleanup_rp_inst(rps[i]); } } } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kretprobes); #else /* CONFIG_KRETPROBES */ int register_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp) { return -ENOSYS; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kretprobe); int register_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num) { return -ENOSYS; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kretprobes); void unregister_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp) { } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kretprobe); void unregister_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num) { } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kretprobes); static int pre_handler_kretprobe(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs) { return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(pre_handler_kretprobe); #endif /* CONFIG_KRETPROBES */ /* Set the kprobe gone and remove its instruction buffer. */ static void kill_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *kp; lockdep_assert_held(&kprobe_mutex); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(kprobe_gone(p))) return; p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_GONE; if (kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { /* * If this is an aggr_kprobe, we have to list all the * chained probes and mark them GONE. */ list_for_each_entry(kp, &p->list, list) kp->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_GONE; p->post_handler = NULL; kill_optimized_kprobe(p); } /* * Here, we can remove insn_slot safely, because no thread calls * the original probed function (which will be freed soon) any more. */ arch_remove_kprobe(p); /* * The module is going away. We should disarm the kprobe which * is using ftrace, because ftrace framework is still available at * MODULE_STATE_GOING notification. */ if (kprobe_ftrace(p) && !kprobe_disabled(p) && !kprobes_all_disarmed) disarm_kprobe_ftrace(p); } /* Disable one kprobe */ int disable_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp) { int ret = 0; struct kprobe *p; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Disable this kprobe */ p = __disable_kprobe(kp); if (IS_ERR(p)) ret = PTR_ERR(p); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(disable_kprobe); /* Enable one kprobe */ int enable_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp) { int ret = 0; struct kprobe *p; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Check whether specified probe is valid. */ p = __get_valid_kprobe(kp); if (unlikely(p == NULL)) { ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } if (kprobe_gone(kp)) { /* This kprobe has gone, we couldn't enable it. */ ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } if (p != kp) kp->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; if (!kprobes_all_disarmed && kprobe_disabled(p)) { p->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; ret = arm_kprobe(p); if (ret) p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; } out: mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(enable_kprobe); /* Caller must NOT call this in usual path. This is only for critical case */ void dump_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp) { pr_err("Dumping kprobe:\n"); pr_err("Name: %s\nOffset: %x\nAddress: %pS\n", kp->symbol_name, kp->offset, kp->addr); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(dump_kprobe); int kprobe_add_ksym_blacklist(unsigned long entry) { struct kprobe_blacklist_entry *ent; unsigned long offset = 0, size = 0; if (!kernel_text_address(entry) || !kallsyms_lookup_size_offset(entry, &size, &offset)) return -EINVAL; ent = kmalloc(sizeof(*ent), GFP_KERNEL); if (!ent) return -ENOMEM; ent->start_addr = entry; ent->end_addr = entry + size; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ent->list); list_add_tail(&ent->list, &kprobe_blacklist); return (int)size; } /* Add all symbols in given area into kprobe blacklist */ int kprobe_add_area_blacklist(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { unsigned long entry; int ret = 0; for (entry = start; entry < end; entry += ret) { ret = kprobe_add_ksym_blacklist(entry); if (ret < 0) return ret; if (ret == 0) /* In case of alias symbol */ ret = 1; } return 0; } /* Remove all symbols in given area from kprobe blacklist */ static void kprobe_remove_area_blacklist(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { struct kprobe_blacklist_entry *ent, *n; list_for_each_entry_safe(ent, n, &kprobe_blacklist, list) { if (ent->start_addr < start || ent->start_addr >= end) continue; list_del(&ent->list); kfree(ent); } } static void kprobe_remove_ksym_blacklist(unsigned long entry) { kprobe_remove_area_blacklist(entry, entry + 1); } int __weak arch_kprobe_get_kallsym(unsigned int *symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *sym) { return -ERANGE; } int kprobe_get_kallsym(unsigned int symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *sym) { #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_KPROBES_INSN_SLOT if (!kprobe_cache_get_kallsym(&kprobe_insn_slots, &symnum, value, type, sym)) return 0; #ifdef CONFIG_OPTPROBES if (!kprobe_cache_get_kallsym(&kprobe_optinsn_slots, &symnum, value, type, sym)) return 0; #endif #endif if (!arch_kprobe_get_kallsym(&symnum, value, type, sym)) return 0; return -ERANGE; } int __init __weak arch_populate_kprobe_blacklist(void) { return 0; } /* * Lookup and populate the kprobe_blacklist. * * Unlike the kretprobe blacklist, we'll need to determine * the range of addresses that belong to the said functions, * since a kprobe need not necessarily be at the beginning * of a function. */ static int __init populate_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long *start, unsigned long *end) { unsigned long entry; unsigned long *iter; int ret; for (iter = start; iter < end; iter++) { entry = arch_deref_entry_point((void *)*iter); ret = kprobe_add_ksym_blacklist(entry); if (ret == -EINVAL) continue; if (ret < 0) return ret; } /* Symbols in __kprobes_text are blacklisted */ ret = kprobe_add_area_blacklist((unsigned long)__kprobes_text_start, (unsigned long)__kprobes_text_end); if (ret) return ret; /* Symbols in noinstr section are blacklisted */ ret = kprobe_add_area_blacklist((unsigned long)__noinstr_text_start, (unsigned long)__noinstr_text_end); return ret ? : arch_populate_kprobe_blacklist(); } static void add_module_kprobe_blacklist(struct module *mod) { unsigned long start, end; int i; if (mod->kprobe_blacklist) { for (i = 0; i < mod->num_kprobe_blacklist; i++) kprobe_add_ksym_blacklist(mod->kprobe_blacklist[i]); } start = (unsigned long)mod->kprobes_text_start; if (start) { end = start + mod->kprobes_text_size; kprobe_add_area_blacklist(start, end); } start = (unsigned long)mod->noinstr_text_start; if (start) { end = start + mod->noinstr_text_size; kprobe_add_area_blacklist(start, end); } } static void remove_module_kprobe_blacklist(struct module *mod) { unsigned long start, end; int i; if (mod->kprobe_blacklist) { for (i = 0; i < mod->num_kprobe_blacklist; i++) kprobe_remove_ksym_blacklist(mod->kprobe_blacklist[i]); } start = (unsigned long)mod->kprobes_text_start; if (start) { end = start + mod->kprobes_text_size; kprobe_remove_area_blacklist(start, end); } start = (unsigned long)mod->noinstr_text_start; if (start) { end = start + mod->noinstr_text_size; kprobe_remove_area_blacklist(start, end); } } /* Module notifier call back, checking kprobes on the module */ static int kprobes_module_callback(struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned long val, void *data) { struct module *mod = data; struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i; int checkcore = (val == MODULE_STATE_GOING); if (val == MODULE_STATE_COMING) { mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); add_module_kprobe_blacklist(mod); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } if (val != MODULE_STATE_GOING && val != MODULE_STATE_LIVE) return NOTIFY_DONE; /* * When MODULE_STATE_GOING was notified, both of module .text and * .init.text sections would be freed. When MODULE_STATE_LIVE was * notified, only .init.text section would be freed. We need to * disable kprobes which have been inserted in the sections. */ mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (kprobe_gone(p)) continue; if (within_module_init((unsigned long)p->addr, mod) || (checkcore && within_module_core((unsigned long)p->addr, mod))) { /* * The vaddr this probe is installed will soon * be vfreed buy not synced to disk. Hence, * disarming the breakpoint isn't needed. * * Note, this will also move any optimized probes * that are pending to be removed from their * corresponding lists to the freeing_list and * will not be touched by the delayed * kprobe_optimizer work handler. */ kill_kprobe(p); } } } if (val == MODULE_STATE_GOING) remove_module_kprobe_blacklist(mod); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return NOTIFY_DONE; } static struct notifier_block kprobe_module_nb = { .notifier_call = kprobes_module_callback, .priority = 0 }; /* Markers of _kprobe_blacklist section */ extern unsigned long __start_kprobe_blacklist[]; extern unsigned long __stop_kprobe_blacklist[]; void kprobe_free_init_mem(void) { void *start = (void *)(&__init_begin); void *end = (void *)(&__init_end); struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; int i; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Kill all kprobes on initmem */ for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (start <= (void *)p->addr && (void *)p->addr < end) kill_kprobe(p); } } mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } static int __init init_kprobes(void) { int i, err = 0; /* FIXME allocate the probe table, currently defined statically */ /* initialize all list heads */ for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&kprobe_table[i]); INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&kretprobe_inst_table[i]); raw_spin_lock_init(&(kretprobe_table_locks[i].lock)); } err = populate_kprobe_blacklist(__start_kprobe_blacklist, __stop_kprobe_blacklist); if (err) { pr_err("kprobes: failed to populate blacklist: %d\n", err); pr_err("Please take care of using kprobes.\n"); } if (kretprobe_blacklist_size) { /* lookup the function address from its name */ for (i = 0; kretprobe_blacklist[i].name != NULL; i++) { kretprobe_blacklist[i].addr = kprobe_lookup_name(kretprobe_blacklist[i].name, 0); if (!kretprobe_blacklist[i].addr) printk("kretprobe: lookup failed: %s\n", kretprobe_blacklist[i].name); } } /* By default, kprobes are armed */ kprobes_all_disarmed = false; #if defined(CONFIG_OPTPROBES) && defined(__ARCH_WANT_KPROBES_INSN_SLOT) /* Init kprobe_optinsn_slots for allocation */ kprobe_optinsn_slots.insn_size = MAX_OPTINSN_SIZE; #endif err = arch_init_kprobes(); if (!err) err = register_die_notifier(&kprobe_exceptions_nb); if (!err) err = register_module_notifier(&kprobe_module_nb); kprobes_initialized = (err == 0); if (!err) init_test_probes(); return err; } early_initcall(init_kprobes); #if defined(CONFIG_OPTPROBES) static int __init init_optprobes(void) { /* * Enable kprobe optimization - this kicks the optimizer which * depends on synchronize_rcu_tasks() and ksoftirqd, that is * not spawned in early initcall. So delay the optimization. */ optimize_all_kprobes(); return 0; } subsys_initcall(init_optprobes); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS static void report_probe(struct seq_file *pi, struct kprobe *p, const char *sym, int offset, char *modname, struct kprobe *pp) { char *kprobe_type; void *addr = p->addr; if (p->pre_handler == pre_handler_kretprobe) kprobe_type = "r"; else kprobe_type = "k"; if (!kallsyms_show_value(pi->file->f_cred)) addr = NULL; if (sym) seq_printf(pi, "%px %s %s+0x%x %s ", addr, kprobe_type, sym, offset, (modname ? modname : " ")); else /* try to use %pS */ seq_printf(pi, "%px %s %pS ", addr, kprobe_type, p->addr); if (!pp) pp = p; seq_printf(pi, "%s%s%s%s\n", (kprobe_gone(p) ? "[GONE]" : ""), ((kprobe_disabled(p) && !kprobe_gone(p)) ? "[DISABLED]" : ""), (kprobe_optimized(pp) ? "[OPTIMIZED]" : ""), (kprobe_ftrace(pp) ? "[FTRACE]" : "")); } static void *kprobe_seq_start(struct seq_file *f, loff_t *pos) { return (*pos < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE) ? pos : NULL; } static void *kprobe_seq_next(struct seq_file *f, void *v, loff_t *pos) { (*pos)++; if (*pos >= KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE) return NULL; return pos; } static void kprobe_seq_stop(struct seq_file *f, void *v) { /* Nothing to do */ } static int show_kprobe_addr(struct seq_file *pi, void *v) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p, *kp; const char *sym = NULL; unsigned int i = *(loff_t *) v; unsigned long offset = 0; char *modname, namebuf[KSYM_NAME_LEN]; head = &kprobe_table[i]; preempt_disable(); hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(p, head, hlist) { sym = kallsyms_lookup((unsigned long)p->addr, NULL, &offset, &modname, namebuf); if (kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) report_probe(pi, kp, sym, offset, modname, p); } else report_probe(pi, p, sym, offset, modname, NULL); } preempt_enable(); return 0; } static const struct seq_operations kprobes_sops = { .start = kprobe_seq_start, .next = kprobe_seq_next, .stop = kprobe_seq_stop, .show = show_kprobe_addr }; DEFINE_SEQ_ATTRIBUTE(kprobes); /* kprobes/blacklist -- shows which functions can not be probed */ static void *kprobe_blacklist_seq_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos) { mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); return seq_list_start(&kprobe_blacklist, *pos); } static void *kprobe_blacklist_seq_next(struct seq_file *m, void *v, loff_t *pos) { return seq_list_next(v, &kprobe_blacklist, pos); } static int kprobe_blacklist_seq_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { struct kprobe_blacklist_entry *ent = list_entry(v, struct kprobe_blacklist_entry, list); /* * If /proc/kallsyms is not showing kernel address, we won't * show them here either. */ if (!kallsyms_show_value(m->file->f_cred)) seq_printf(m, "0x%px-0x%px\t%ps\n", NULL, NULL, (void *)ent->start_addr); else seq_printf(m, "0x%px-0x%px\t%ps\n", (void *)ent->start_addr, (void *)ent->end_addr, (void *)ent->start_addr); return 0; } static void kprobe_blacklist_seq_stop(struct seq_file *f, void *v) { mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } static const struct seq_operations kprobe_blacklist_sops = { .start = kprobe_blacklist_seq_start, .next = kprobe_blacklist_seq_next, .stop = kprobe_blacklist_seq_stop, .show = kprobe_blacklist_seq_show, }; DEFINE_SEQ_ATTRIBUTE(kprobe_blacklist); static int arm_all_kprobes(void) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i, total = 0, errors = 0; int err, ret = 0; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* If kprobes are armed, just return */ if (!kprobes_all_disarmed) goto already_enabled; /* * optimize_kprobe() called by arm_kprobe() checks * kprobes_all_disarmed, so set kprobes_all_disarmed before * arm_kprobe. */ kprobes_all_disarmed = false; /* Arming kprobes doesn't optimize kprobe itself */ for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; /* Arm all kprobes on a best-effort basis */ hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (!kprobe_disabled(p)) { err = arm_kprobe(p); if (err) { errors++; ret = err; } total++; } } } if (errors) pr_warn("Kprobes globally enabled, but failed to arm %d out of %d probes\n", errors, total); else pr_info("Kprobes globally enabled\n"); already_enabled: mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return ret; } static int disarm_all_kprobes(void) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i, total = 0, errors = 0; int err, ret = 0; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* If kprobes are already disarmed, just return */ if (kprobes_all_disarmed) { mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return 0; } kprobes_all_disarmed = true; for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; /* Disarm all kprobes on a best-effort basis */ hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (!arch_trampoline_kprobe(p) && !kprobe_disabled(p)) { err = disarm_kprobe(p, false); if (err) { errors++; ret = err; } total++; } } } if (errors) pr_warn("Kprobes globally disabled, but failed to disarm %d out of %d probes\n", errors, total); else pr_info("Kprobes globally disabled\n"); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Wait for disarming all kprobes by optimizer */ wait_for_kprobe_optimizer(); return ret; } /* * XXX: The debugfs bool file interface doesn't allow for callbacks * when the bool state is switched. We can reuse that facility when * available */ static ssize_t read_enabled_file_bool(struct file *file, char __user *user_buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { char buf[3]; if (!kprobes_all_disarmed) buf[0] = '1'; else buf[0] = '0'; buf[1] = '\n'; buf[2] = 0x00; return simple_read_from_buffer(user_buf, count, ppos, buf, 2); } static ssize_t write_enabled_file_bool(struct file *file, const char __user *user_buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { char buf[32]; size_t buf_size; int ret = 0; buf_size = min(count, (sizeof(buf)-1)); if (copy_from_user(buf, user_buf, buf_size)) return -EFAULT; buf[buf_size] = '\0'; switch (buf[0]) { case 'y': case 'Y': case '1': ret = arm_all_kprobes(); break; case 'n': case 'N': case '0': ret = disarm_all_kprobes(); break; default: return -EINVAL; } if (ret) return ret; return count; } static const struct file_operations fops_kp = { .read = read_enabled_file_bool, .write = write_enabled_file_bool, .llseek = default_llseek, }; static int __init debugfs_kprobe_init(void) { struct dentry *dir; dir = debugfs_create_dir("kprobes", NULL); debugfs_create_file("list", 0400, dir, NULL, &kprobes_fops); debugfs_create_file("enabled", 0600, dir, NULL, &fops_kp); debugfs_create_file("blacklist", 0400, dir, NULL, &kprobe_blacklist_fops); return 0; } late_initcall(debugfs_kprobe_init); #endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_FS */
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3214 3215 3216 3217 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_MM_H #define _LINUX_MM_H #include <linux/errno.h> #ifdef __KERNEL__ #include <linux/mmdebug.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/mmzone.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/debug_locks.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/mmap_lock.h> #include <linux/range.h> #include <linux/pfn.h> #include <linux/percpu-refcount.h> #include <linux/bit_spinlock.h> #include <linux/shrinker.h> #include <linux/resource.h> #include <linux/page_ext.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/page-flags.h> #include <linux/page_ref.h> #include <linux/memremap.h> #include <linux/overflow.h> #include <linux/sizes.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/pgtable.h> struct mempolicy; struct anon_vma; struct anon_vma_chain; struct file_ra_state; struct user_struct; struct writeback_control; struct bdi_writeback; struct pt_regs; extern int sysctl_page_lock_unfairness; void init_mm_internals(void); #ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES /* Don't use mapnrs, do it properly */ extern unsigned long max_mapnr; static inline void set_max_mapnr(unsigned long limit) { max_mapnr = limit; } #else static inline void set_max_mapnr(unsigned long limit) { } #endif extern atomic_long_t _totalram_pages; static inline unsigned long totalram_pages(void) { return (unsigned long)atomic_long_read(&_totalram_pages); } static inline void totalram_pages_inc(void) { atomic_long_inc(&_totalram_pages); } static inline void totalram_pages_dec(void) { atomic_long_dec(&_totalram_pages); } static inline void totalram_pages_add(long count) { atomic_long_add(count, &_totalram_pages); } extern void * high_memory; extern int page_cluster; #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL extern int sysctl_legacy_va_layout; #else #define sysctl_legacy_va_layout 0 #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_BITS extern const int mmap_rnd_bits_min; extern const int mmap_rnd_bits_max; extern int mmap_rnd_bits __read_mostly; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_COMPAT_BITS extern const int mmap_rnd_compat_bits_min; extern const int mmap_rnd_compat_bits_max; extern int mmap_rnd_compat_bits __read_mostly; #endif #include <asm/page.h> #include <asm/processor.h> /* * Architectures that support memory tagging (assigning tags to memory regions, * embedding these tags into addresses that point to these memory regions, and * checking that the memory and the pointer tags match on memory accesses) * redefine this macro to strip tags from pointers. * It's defined as noop for arcitectures that don't support memory tagging. */ #ifndef untagged_addr #define untagged_addr(addr) (addr) #endif #ifndef __pa_symbol #define __pa_symbol(x) __pa(RELOC_HIDE((unsigned long)(x), 0)) #endif #ifndef page_to_virt #define page_to_virt(x) __va(PFN_PHYS(page_to_pfn(x))) #endif #ifndef lm_alias #define lm_alias(x) __va(__pa_symbol(x)) #endif /* * To prevent common memory management code establishing * a zero page mapping on a read fault. * This macro should be defined within <asm/pgtable.h>. * s390 does this to prevent multiplexing of hardware bits * related to the physical page in case of virtualization. */ #ifndef mm_forbids_zeropage #define mm_forbids_zeropage(X) (0) #endif /* * On some architectures it is expensive to call memset() for small sizes. * If an architecture decides to implement their own version of * mm_zero_struct_page they should wrap the defines below in a #ifndef and * define their own version of this macro in <asm/pgtable.h> */ #if BITS_PER_LONG == 64 /* This function must be updated when the size of struct page grows above 80 * or reduces below 56. The idea that compiler optimizes out switch() * statement, and only leaves move/store instructions. Also the compiler can * combine write statments if they are both assignments and can be reordered, * this can result in several of the writes here being dropped. */ #define mm_zero_struct_page(pp) __mm_zero_struct_page(pp) static inline void __mm_zero_struct_page(struct page *page) { unsigned long *_pp = (void *)page; /* Check that struct page is either 56, 64, 72, or 80 bytes */ BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct page) & 7); BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct page) < 56); BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct page) > 80); switch (sizeof(struct page)) { case 80: _pp[9] = 0; fallthrough; case 72: _pp[8] = 0; fallthrough; case 64: _pp[7] = 0; fallthrough; case 56: _pp[6] = 0; _pp[5] = 0; _pp[4] = 0; _pp[3] = 0; _pp[2] = 0; _pp[1] = 0; _pp[0] = 0; } } #else #define mm_zero_struct_page(pp) ((void)memset((pp), 0, sizeof(struct page))) #endif /* * Default maximum number of active map areas, this limits the number of vmas * per mm struct. Users can overwrite this number by sysctl but there is a * problem. * * When a program's coredump is generated as ELF format, a section is created * per a vma. In ELF, the number of sections is represented in unsigned short. * This means the number of sections should be smaller than 65535 at coredump. * Because the kernel adds some informative sections to a image of program at * generating coredump, we need some margin. The number of extra sections is * 1-3 now and depends on arch. We use "5" as safe margin, here. * * ELF extended numbering allows more than 65535 sections, so 16-bit bound is * not a hard limit any more. Although some userspace tools can be surprised by * that. */ #define MAPCOUNT_ELF_CORE_MARGIN (5) #define DEFAULT_MAX_MAP_COUNT (USHRT_MAX - MAPCOUNT_ELF_CORE_MARGIN) extern int sysctl_max_map_count; extern unsigned long sysctl_user_reserve_kbytes; extern unsigned long sysctl_admin_reserve_kbytes; extern int sysctl_overcommit_memory; extern int sysctl_overcommit_ratio; extern unsigned long sysctl_overcommit_kbytes; int overcommit_ratio_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); int overcommit_kbytes_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); int overcommit_policy_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); #define nth_page(page,n) pfn_to_page(page_to_pfn((page)) + (n)) /* to align the pointer to the (next) page boundary */ #define PAGE_ALIGN(addr) ALIGN(addr, PAGE_SIZE) /* test whether an address (unsigned long or pointer) is aligned to PAGE_SIZE */ #define PAGE_ALIGNED(addr) IS_ALIGNED((unsigned long)(addr), PAGE_SIZE) #define lru_to_page(head) (list_entry((head)->prev, struct page, lru)) /* * Linux kernel virtual memory manager primitives. * The idea being to have a "virtual" mm in the same way * we have a virtual fs - giving a cleaner interface to the * mm details, and allowing different kinds of memory mappings * (from shared memory to executable loading to arbitrary * mmap() functions). */ struct vm_area_struct *vm_area_alloc(struct mm_struct *); struct vm_area_struct *vm_area_dup(struct vm_area_struct *); void vm_area_free(struct vm_area_struct *); #ifndef CONFIG_MMU extern struct rb_root nommu_region_tree; extern struct rw_semaphore nommu_region_sem; extern unsigned int kobjsize(const void *objp); #endif /* * vm_flags in vm_area_struct, see mm_types.h. * When changing, update also include/trace/events/mmflags.h */ #define VM_NONE 0x00000000 #define VM_READ 0x00000001 /* currently active flags */ #define VM_WRITE 0x00000002 #define VM_EXEC 0x00000004 #define VM_SHARED 0x00000008 /* mprotect() hardcodes VM_MAYREAD >> 4 == VM_READ, and so for r/w/x bits. */ #define VM_MAYREAD 0x00000010 /* limits for mprotect() etc */ #define VM_MAYWRITE 0x00000020 #define VM_MAYEXEC 0x00000040 #define VM_MAYSHARE 0x00000080 #define VM_GROWSDOWN 0x00000100 /* general info on the segment */ #define VM_UFFD_MISSING 0x00000200 /* missing pages tracking */ #define VM_PFNMAP 0x00000400 /* Page-ranges managed without "struct page", just pure PFN */ #define VM_DENYWRITE 0x00000800 /* ETXTBSY on write attempts.. */ #define VM_UFFD_WP 0x00001000 /* wrprotect pages tracking */ #define VM_LOCKED 0x00002000 #define VM_IO 0x00004000 /* Memory mapped I/O or similar */ /* Used by sys_madvise() */ #define VM_SEQ_READ 0x00008000 /* App will access data sequentially */ #define VM_RAND_READ 0x00010000 /* App will not benefit from clustered reads */ #define VM_DONTCOPY 0x00020000 /* Do not copy this vma on fork */ #define VM_DONTEXPAND 0x00040000 /* Cannot expand with mremap() */ #define VM_LOCKONFAULT 0x00080000 /* Lock the pages covered when they are faulted in */ #define VM_ACCOUNT 0x00100000 /* Is a VM accounted object */ #define VM_NORESERVE 0x00200000 /* should the VM suppress accounting */ #define VM_HUGETLB 0x00400000 /* Huge TLB Page VM */ #define VM_SYNC 0x00800000 /* Synchronous page faults */ #define VM_ARCH_1 0x01000000 /* Architecture-specific flag */ #define VM_WIPEONFORK 0x02000000 /* Wipe VMA contents in child. */ #define VM_DONTDUMP 0x04000000 /* Do not include in the core dump */ #ifdef CONFIG_MEM_SOFT_DIRTY # define VM_SOFTDIRTY 0x08000000 /* Not soft dirty clean area */ #else # define VM_SOFTDIRTY 0 #endif #define VM_MIXEDMAP 0x10000000 /* Can contain "struct page" and pure PFN pages */ #define VM_HUGEPAGE 0x20000000 /* MADV_HUGEPAGE marked this vma */ #define VM_NOHUGEPAGE 0x40000000 /* MADV_NOHUGEPAGE marked this vma */ #define VM_MERGEABLE 0x80000000 /* KSM may merge identical pages */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_USES_HIGH_VMA_FLAGS #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_0 32 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_1 33 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_2 34 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_3 35 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_4 36 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_0 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_0) #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_1 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_1) #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_2 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_2) #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_3 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_3) #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_4 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_4) #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_USES_HIGH_VMA_FLAGS */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PKEYS # define VM_PKEY_SHIFT VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_0 # define VM_PKEY_BIT0 VM_HIGH_ARCH_0 /* A protection key is a 4-bit value */ # define VM_PKEY_BIT1 VM_HIGH_ARCH_1 /* on x86 and 5-bit value on ppc64 */ # define VM_PKEY_BIT2 VM_HIGH_ARCH_2 # define VM_PKEY_BIT3 VM_HIGH_ARCH_3 #ifdef CONFIG_PPC # define VM_PKEY_BIT4 VM_HIGH_ARCH_4 #else # define VM_PKEY_BIT4 0 #endif #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PKEYS */ #if defined(CONFIG_X86) # define VM_PAT VM_ARCH_1 /* PAT reserves whole VMA at once (x86) */ #elif defined(CONFIG_PPC) # define VM_SAO VM_ARCH_1 /* Strong Access Ordering (powerpc) */ #elif defined(CONFIG_PARISC) # define VM_GROWSUP VM_ARCH_1 #elif defined(CONFIG_IA64) # define VM_GROWSUP VM_ARCH_1 #elif defined(CONFIG_SPARC64) # define VM_SPARC_ADI VM_ARCH_1 /* Uses ADI tag for access control */ # define VM_ARCH_CLEAR VM_SPARC_ADI #elif defined(CONFIG_ARM64) # define VM_ARM64_BTI VM_ARCH_1 /* BTI guarded page, a.k.a. GP bit */ # define VM_ARCH_CLEAR VM_ARM64_BTI #elif !defined(CONFIG_MMU) # define VM_MAPPED_COPY VM_ARCH_1 /* T if mapped copy of data (nommu mmap) */ #endif #if defined(CONFIG_ARM64_MTE) # define VM_MTE VM_HIGH_ARCH_0 /* Use Tagged memory for access control */ # define VM_MTE_ALLOWED VM_HIGH_ARCH_1 /* Tagged memory permitted */ #else # define VM_MTE VM_NONE # define VM_MTE_ALLOWED VM_NONE #endif #ifndef VM_GROWSUP # define VM_GROWSUP VM_NONE #endif /* Bits set in the VMA until the stack is in its final location */ #define VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP (VM_RAND_READ | VM_SEQ_READ) #define TASK_EXEC ((current->personality & READ_IMPLIES_EXEC) ? VM_EXEC : 0) /* Common data flag combinations */ #define VM_DATA_FLAGS_TSK_EXEC (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | TASK_EXEC | \ VM_MAYREAD | VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC) #define VM_DATA_FLAGS_NON_EXEC (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | VM_MAYREAD | \ VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC) #define VM_DATA_FLAGS_EXEC (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | VM_EXEC | \ VM_MAYREAD | VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC) #ifndef VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS /* arch can override this */ #define VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS VM_DATA_FLAGS_EXEC #endif #ifndef VM_STACK_DEFAULT_FLAGS /* arch can override this */ #define VM_STACK_DEFAULT_FLAGS VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS #endif #ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP #define VM_STACK VM_GROWSUP #else #define VM_STACK VM_GROWSDOWN #endif #define VM_STACK_FLAGS (VM_STACK | VM_STACK_DEFAULT_FLAGS | VM_ACCOUNT) /* VMA basic access permission flags */ #define VM_ACCESS_FLAGS (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | VM_EXEC) /* * Special vmas that are non-mergable, non-mlock()able. */ #define VM_SPECIAL (VM_IO | VM_DONTEXPAND | VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP) /* This mask prevents VMA from being scanned with khugepaged */ #define VM_NO_KHUGEPAGED (VM_SPECIAL | VM_HUGETLB) /* This mask defines which mm->def_flags a process can inherit its parent */ #define VM_INIT_DEF_MASK VM_NOHUGEPAGE /* This mask is used to clear all the VMA flags used by mlock */ #define VM_LOCKED_CLEAR_MASK (~(VM_LOCKED | VM_LOCKONFAULT)) /* Arch-specific flags to clear when updating VM flags on protection change */ #ifndef VM_ARCH_CLEAR # define VM_ARCH_CLEAR VM_NONE #endif #define VM_FLAGS_CLEAR (ARCH_VM_PKEY_FLAGS | VM_ARCH_CLEAR) /* * mapping from the currently active vm_flags protection bits (the * low four bits) to a page protection mask.. */ extern pgprot_t protection_map[16]; /** * Fault flag definitions. * * @FAULT_FLAG_WRITE: Fault was a write fault. * @FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE: Fault was mkwrite of existing PTE. * @FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY: Allow to retry the fault if blocked. * @FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT: Don't drop mmap_lock and wait when retrying. * @FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE: The fault task is in SIGKILL killable region. * @FAULT_FLAG_TRIED: The fault has been tried once. * @FAULT_FLAG_USER: The fault originated in userspace. * @FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE: The fault is not for current task/mm. * @FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION: The fault was during an instruction fetch. * @FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE: The fault can be interrupted by non-fatal signals. * * About @FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY and @FAULT_FLAG_TRIED: we can specify * whether we would allow page faults to retry by specifying these two * fault flags correctly. Currently there can be three legal combinations: * * (a) ALLOW_RETRY and !TRIED: this means the page fault allows retry, and * this is the first try * * (b) ALLOW_RETRY and TRIED: this means the page fault allows retry, and * we've already tried at least once * * (c) !ALLOW_RETRY and !TRIED: this means the page fault does not allow retry * * The unlisted combination (!ALLOW_RETRY && TRIED) is illegal and should never * be used. Note that page faults can be allowed to retry for multiple times, * in which case we'll have an initial fault with flags (a) then later on * continuous faults with flags (b). We should always try to detect pending * signals before a retry to make sure the continuous page faults can still be * interrupted if necessary. */ #define FAULT_FLAG_WRITE 0x01 #define FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE 0x02 #define FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY 0x04 #define FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT 0x08 #define FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE 0x10 #define FAULT_FLAG_TRIED 0x20 #define FAULT_FLAG_USER 0x40 #define FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE 0x80 #define FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION 0x100 #define FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE 0x200 /* * The default fault flags that should be used by most of the * arch-specific page fault handlers. */ #define FAULT_FLAG_DEFAULT (FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY | \ FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE | \ FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE) /** * fault_flag_allow_retry_first - check ALLOW_RETRY the first time * * This is mostly used for places where we want to try to avoid taking * the mmap_lock for too long a time when waiting for another condition * to change, in which case we can try to be polite to release the * mmap_lock in the first round to avoid potential starvation of other * processes that would also want the mmap_lock. * * Return: true if the page fault allows retry and this is the first * attempt of the fault handling; false otherwise. */ static inline bool fault_flag_allow_retry_first(unsigned int flags) { return (flags & FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY) && (!(flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED)); } #define FAULT_FLAG_TRACE \ { FAULT_FLAG_WRITE, "WRITE" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE, "MKWRITE" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY, "ALLOW_RETRY" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT, "RETRY_NOWAIT" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE, "KILLABLE" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_TRIED, "TRIED" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_USER, "USER" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE, "REMOTE" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION, "INSTRUCTION" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE, "INTERRUPTIBLE" } /* * vm_fault is filled by the pagefault handler and passed to the vma's * ->fault function. The vma's ->fault is responsible for returning a bitmask * of VM_FAULT_xxx flags that give details about how the fault was handled. * * MM layer fills up gfp_mask for page allocations but fault handler might * alter it if its implementation requires a different allocation context. * * pgoff should be used in favour of virtual_address, if possible. */ struct vm_fault { struct vm_area_struct *vma; /* Target VMA */ unsigned int flags; /* FAULT_FLAG_xxx flags */ gfp_t gfp_mask; /* gfp mask to be used for allocations */ pgoff_t pgoff; /* Logical page offset based on vma */ unsigned long address; /* Faulting virtual address */ pmd_t *pmd; /* Pointer to pmd entry matching * the 'address' */ pud_t *pud; /* Pointer to pud entry matching * the 'address' */ pte_t orig_pte; /* Value of PTE at the time of fault */ struct page *cow_page; /* Page handler may use for COW fault */ struct page *page; /* ->fault handlers should return a * page here, unless VM_FAULT_NOPAGE * is set (which is also implied by * VM_FAULT_ERROR). */ /* These three entries are valid only while holding ptl lock */ pte_t *pte; /* Pointer to pte entry matching * the 'address'. NULL if the page * table hasn't been allocated. */ spinlock_t *ptl; /* Page table lock. * Protects pte page table if 'pte' * is not NULL, otherwise pmd. */ pgtable_t prealloc_pte; /* Pre-allocated pte page table. * vm_ops->map_pages() calls * alloc_set_pte() from atomic context. * do_fault_around() pre-allocates * page table to avoid allocation from * atomic context. */ }; /* page entry size for vm->huge_fault() */ enum page_entry_size { PE_SIZE_PTE = 0, PE_SIZE_PMD, PE_SIZE_PUD, }; /* * These are the virtual MM functions - opening of an area, closing and * unmapping it (needed to keep files on disk up-to-date etc), pointer * to the functions called when a no-page or a wp-page exception occurs. */ struct vm_operations_struct { void (*open)(struct vm_area_struct * area); void (*close)(struct vm_area_struct * area); int (*split)(struct vm_area_struct * area, unsigned long addr); int (*mremap)(struct vm_area_struct * area); vm_fault_t (*fault)(struct vm_fault *vmf); vm_fault_t (*huge_fault)(struct vm_fault *vmf, enum page_entry_size pe_size); void (*map_pages)(struct vm_fault *vmf, pgoff_t start_pgoff, pgoff_t end_pgoff); unsigned long (*pagesize)(struct vm_area_struct * area); /* notification that a previously read-only page is about to become * writable, if an error is returned it will cause a SIGBUS */ vm_fault_t (*page_mkwrite)(struct vm_fault *vmf); /* same as page_mkwrite when using VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP */ vm_fault_t (*pfn_mkwrite)(struct vm_fault *vmf); /* called by access_process_vm when get_user_pages() fails, typically * for use by special VMAs that can switch between memory and hardware */ int (*access)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, int write); /* Called by the /proc/PID/maps code to ask the vma whether it * has a special name. Returning non-NULL will also cause this * vma to be dumped unconditionally. */ const char *(*name)(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA /* * set_policy() op must add a reference to any non-NULL @new mempolicy * to hold the policy upon return. Caller should pass NULL @new to * remove a policy and fall back to surrounding context--i.e. do not * install a MPOL_DEFAULT policy, nor the task or system default * mempolicy. */ int (*set_policy)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mempolicy *new); /* * get_policy() op must add reference [mpol_get()] to any policy at * (vma,addr) marked as MPOL_SHARED. The shared policy infrastructure * in mm/mempolicy.c will do this automatically. * get_policy() must NOT add a ref if the policy at (vma,addr) is not * marked as MPOL_SHARED. vma policies are protected by the mmap_lock. * If no [shared/vma] mempolicy exists at the addr, get_policy() op * must return NULL--i.e., do not "fallback" to task or system default * policy. */ struct mempolicy *(*get_policy)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr); #endif /* * Called by vm_normal_page() for special PTEs to find the * page for @addr. This is useful if the default behavior * (using pte_page()) would not find the correct page. */ struct page *(*find_special_page)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr); }; static inline void vma_init(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mm_struct *mm) { static const struct vm_operations_struct dummy_vm_ops = {}; memset(vma, 0, sizeof(*vma)); vma->vm_mm = mm; vma->vm_ops = &dummy_vm_ops; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&vma->anon_vma_chain); } static inline void vma_set_anonymous(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { vma->vm_ops = NULL; } static inline bool vma_is_anonymous(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return !vma->vm_ops; } static inline bool vma_is_temporary_stack(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { int maybe_stack = vma->vm_flags & (VM_GROWSDOWN | VM_GROWSUP); if (!maybe_stack) return false; if ((vma->vm_flags & VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP) == VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP) return true; return false; } static inline bool vma_is_foreign(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (!current->mm) return true; if (current->mm != vma->vm_mm) return true; return false; } static inline bool vma_is_accessible(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return vma->vm_flags & VM_ACCESS_FLAGS; } #ifdef CONFIG_SHMEM /* * The vma_is_shmem is not inline because it is used only by slow * paths in userfault. */ bool vma_is_shmem(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #else static inline bool vma_is_shmem(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return false; } #endif int vma_is_stack_for_current(struct vm_area_struct *vma); /* flush_tlb_range() takes a vma, not a mm, and can care about flags */ #define TLB_FLUSH_VMA(mm,flags) { .vm_mm = (mm), .vm_flags = (flags) } struct mmu_gather; struct inode; #include <linux/huge_mm.h> /* * Methods to modify the page usage count. * * What counts for a page usage: * - cache mapping (page->mapping) * - private data (page->private) * - page mapped in a task's page tables, each mapping * is counted separately * * Also, many kernel routines increase the page count before a critical * routine so they can be sure the page doesn't go away from under them. */ /* * Drop a ref, return true if the refcount fell to zero (the page has no users) */ static inline int put_page_testzero(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_ref_count(page) == 0, page); return page_ref_dec_and_test(page); } /* * Try to grab a ref unless the page has a refcount of zero, return false if * that is the case. * This can be called when MMU is off so it must not access * any of the virtual mappings. */ static inline int get_page_unless_zero(struct page *page) { return page_ref_add_unless(page, 1, 0); } extern int page_is_ram(unsigned long pfn); enum { REGION_INTERSECTS, REGION_DISJOINT, REGION_MIXED, }; int region_intersects(resource_size_t offset, size_t size, unsigned long flags, unsigned long desc); /* Support for virtually mapped pages */ struct page *vmalloc_to_page(const void *addr); unsigned long vmalloc_to_pfn(const void *addr); /* * Determine if an address is within the vmalloc range * * On nommu, vmalloc/vfree wrap through kmalloc/kfree directly, so there * is no special casing required. */ #ifndef is_ioremap_addr #define is_ioremap_addr(x) is_vmalloc_addr(x) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern bool is_vmalloc_addr(const void *x); extern int is_vmalloc_or_module_addr(const void *x); #else static inline bool is_vmalloc_addr(const void *x) { return false; } static inline int is_vmalloc_or_module_addr(const void *x) { return 0; } #endif extern void *kvmalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node); static inline void *kvmalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return kvmalloc_node(size, flags, NUMA_NO_NODE); } static inline void *kvzalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node) { return kvmalloc_node(size, flags | __GFP_ZERO, node); } static inline void *kvzalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return kvmalloc(size, flags | __GFP_ZERO); } static inline void *kvmalloc_array(size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags) { size_t bytes; if (unlikely(check_mul_overflow(n, size, &bytes))) return NULL; return kvmalloc(bytes, flags); } static inline void *kvcalloc(size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return kvmalloc_array(n, size, flags | __GFP_ZERO); } extern void kvfree(const void *addr); extern void kvfree_sensitive(const void *addr, size_t len); static inline int head_compound_mapcount(struct page *head) { return atomic_read(compound_mapcount_ptr(head)) + 1; } /* * Mapcount of compound page as a whole, does not include mapped sub-pages. * * Must be called only for compound pages or any their tail sub-pages. */ static inline int compound_mapcount(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageCompound(page), page); page = compound_head(page); return head_compound_mapcount(page); } /* * The atomic page->_mapcount, starts from -1: so that transitions * both from it and to it can be tracked, using atomic_inc_and_test * and atomic_add_negative(-1). */ static inline void page_mapcount_reset(struct page *page) { atomic_set(&(page)->_mapcount, -1); } int __page_mapcount(struct page *page); /* * Mapcount of 0-order page; when compound sub-page, includes * compound_mapcount(). * * Result is undefined for pages which cannot be mapped into userspace. * For example SLAB or special types of pages. See function page_has_type(). * They use this place in struct page differently. */ static inline int page_mapcount(struct page *page) { if (unlikely(PageCompound(page))) return __page_mapcount(page); return atomic_read(&page->_mapcount) + 1; } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE int total_mapcount(struct page *page); int page_trans_huge_mapcount(struct page *page, int *total_mapcount); #else static inline int total_mapcount(struct page *page) { return page_mapcount(page); } static inline int page_trans_huge_mapcount(struct page *page, int *total_mapcount) { int mapcount = page_mapcount(page); if (total_mapcount) *total_mapcount = mapcount; return mapcount; } #endif static inline struct page *virt_to_head_page(const void *x) { struct page *page = virt_to_page(x); return compound_head(page); } void __put_page(struct page *page); void put_pages_list(struct list_head *pages); void split_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order); /* * Compound pages have a destructor function. Provide a * prototype for that function and accessor functions. * These are _only_ valid on the head of a compound page. */ typedef void compound_page_dtor(struct page *); /* Keep the enum in sync with compound_page_dtors array in mm/page_alloc.c */ enum compound_dtor_id { NULL_COMPOUND_DTOR, COMPOUND_PAGE_DTOR, #ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE HUGETLB_PAGE_DTOR, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE TRANSHUGE_PAGE_DTOR, #endif NR_COMPOUND_DTORS, }; extern compound_page_dtor * const compound_page_dtors[NR_COMPOUND_DTORS]; static inline void set_compound_page_dtor(struct page *page, enum compound_dtor_id compound_dtor) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(compound_dtor >= NR_COMPOUND_DTORS, page); page[1].compound_dtor = compound_dtor; } static inline void destroy_compound_page(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page[1].compound_dtor >= NR_COMPOUND_DTORS, page); compound_page_dtors[page[1].compound_dtor](page); } static inline unsigned int compound_order(struct page *page) { if (!PageHead(page)) return 0; return page[1].compound_order; } static inline bool hpage_pincount_available(struct page *page) { /* * Can the page->hpage_pinned_refcount field be used? That field is in * the 3rd page of the compound page, so the smallest (2-page) compound * pages cannot support it. */ page = compound_head(page); return PageCompound(page) && compound_order(page) > 1; } static inline int head_compound_pincount(struct page *head) { return atomic_read(compound_pincount_ptr(head)); } static inline int compound_pincount(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!hpage_pincount_available(page), page); page = compound_head(page); return head_compound_pincount(page); } static inline void set_compound_order(struct page *page, unsigned int order) { page[1].compound_order = order; page[1].compound_nr = 1U << order; } /* Returns the number of pages in this potentially compound page. */ static inline unsigned long compound_nr(struct page *page) { if (!PageHead(page)) return 1; return page[1].compound_nr; } /* Returns the number of bytes in this potentially compound page. */ static inline unsigned long page_size(struct page *page) { return PAGE_SIZE << compound_order(page); } /* Returns the number of bits needed for the number of bytes in a page */ static inline unsigned int page_shift(struct page *page) { return PAGE_SHIFT + compound_order(page); } void free_compound_page(struct page *page); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU /* * Do pte_mkwrite, but only if the vma says VM_WRITE. We do this when * servicing faults for write access. In the normal case, do always want * pte_mkwrite. But get_user_pages can cause write faults for mappings * that do not have writing enabled, when used by access_process_vm. */ static inline pte_t maybe_mkwrite(pte_t pte, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (likely(vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE)) pte = pte_mkwrite(pte); return pte; } vm_fault_t alloc_set_pte(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page); vm_fault_t finish_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf); vm_fault_t finish_mkwrite_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf); #endif /* * Multiple processes may "see" the same page. E.g. for untouched * mappings of /dev/null, all processes see the same page full of * zeroes, and text pages of executables and shared libraries have * only one copy in memory, at most, normally. * * For the non-reserved pages, page_count(page) denotes a reference count. * page_count() == 0 means the page is free. page->lru is then used for * freelist management in the buddy allocator. * page_count() > 0 means the page has been allocated. * * Pages are allocated by the slab allocator in order to provide memory * to kmalloc and kmem_cache_alloc. In this case, the management of the * page, and the fields in 'struct page' are the responsibility of mm/slab.c * unless a particular usage is carefully commented. (the responsibility of * freeing the kmalloc memory is the caller's, of course). * * A page may be used by anyone else who does a __get_free_page(). * In this case, page_count still tracks the references, and should only * be used through the normal accessor functions. The top bits of page->flags * and page->virtual store page management information, but all other fields * are unused and could be used privately, carefully. The management of this * page is the responsibility of the one who allocated it, and those who have * subsequently been given references to it. * * The other pages (we may call them "pagecache pages") are completely * managed by the Linux memory manager: I/O, buffers, swapping etc. * The following discussion applies only to them. * * A pagecache page contains an opaque `private' member, which belongs to the * page's address_space. Usually, this is the address of a circular list of * the page's disk buffers. PG_private must be set to tell the VM to call * into the filesystem to release these pages. * * A page may belong to an inode's memory mapping. In this case, page->mapping * is the pointer to the inode, and page->index is the file offset of the page, * in units of PAGE_SIZE. * * If pagecache pages are not associated with an inode, they are said to be * anonymous pages. These may become associated with the swapcache, and in that * case PG_swapcache is set, and page->private is an offset into the swapcache. * * In either case (swapcache or inode backed), the pagecache itself holds one * reference to the page. Setting PG_private should also increment the * refcount. The each user mapping also has a reference to the page. * * The pagecache pages are stored in a per-mapping radix tree, which is * rooted at mapping->i_pages, and indexed by offset. * Where 2.4 and early 2.6 kernels kept dirty/clean pages in per-address_space * lists, we instead now tag pages as dirty/writeback in the radix tree. * * All pagecache pages may be subject to I/O: * - inode pages may need to be read from disk, * - inode pages which have been modified and are MAP_SHARED may need * to be written back to the inode on disk, * - anonymous pages (including MAP_PRIVATE file mappings) which have been * modified may need to be swapped out to swap space and (later) to be read * back into memory. */ /* * The zone field is never updated after free_area_init_core() * sets it, so none of the operations on it need to be atomic. */ /* Page flags: | [SECTION] | [NODE] | ZONE | [LAST_CPUPID] | ... | FLAGS | */ #define SECTIONS_PGOFF ((sizeof(unsigned long)*8) - SECTIONS_WIDTH) #define NODES_PGOFF (SECTIONS_PGOFF - NODES_WIDTH) #define ZONES_PGOFF (NODES_PGOFF - ZONES_WIDTH) #define LAST_CPUPID_PGOFF (ZONES_PGOFF - LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH) #define KASAN_TAG_PGOFF (LAST_CPUPID_PGOFF - KASAN_TAG_WIDTH) /* * Define the bit shifts to access each section. For non-existent * sections we define the shift as 0; that plus a 0 mask ensures * the compiler will optimise away reference to them. */ #define SECTIONS_PGSHIFT (SECTIONS_PGOFF * (SECTIONS_WIDTH != 0)) #define NODES_PGSHIFT (NODES_PGOFF * (NODES_WIDTH != 0)) #define ZONES_PGSHIFT (ZONES_PGOFF * (ZONES_WIDTH != 0)) #define LAST_CPUPID_PGSHIFT (LAST_CPUPID_PGOFF * (LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH != 0)) #define KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT (KASAN_TAG_PGOFF * (KASAN_TAG_WIDTH != 0)) /* NODE:ZONE or SECTION:ZONE is used to ID a zone for the buddy allocator */ #ifdef NODE_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS #define ZONEID_SHIFT (SECTIONS_SHIFT + ZONES_SHIFT) #define ZONEID_PGOFF ((SECTIONS_PGOFF < ZONES_PGOFF)? \ SECTIONS_PGOFF : ZONES_PGOFF) #else #define ZONEID_SHIFT (NODES_SHIFT + ZONES_SHIFT) #define ZONEID_PGOFF ((NODES_PGOFF < ZONES_PGOFF)? \ NODES_PGOFF : ZONES_PGOFF) #endif #define ZONEID_PGSHIFT (ZONEID_PGOFF * (ZONEID_SHIFT != 0)) #define ZONES_MASK ((1UL << ZONES_WIDTH) - 1) #define NODES_MASK ((1UL << NODES_WIDTH) - 1) #define SECTIONS_MASK ((1UL << SECTIONS_WIDTH) - 1) #define LAST_CPUPID_MASK ((1UL << LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT) - 1) #define KASAN_TAG_MASK ((1UL << KASAN_TAG_WIDTH) - 1) #define ZONEID_MASK ((1UL << ZONEID_SHIFT) - 1) static inline enum zone_type page_zonenum(const struct page *page) { ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_BITS(page->flags, ZONES_MASK << ZONES_PGSHIFT); return (page->flags >> ZONES_PGSHIFT) & ZONES_MASK; } #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE static inline bool is_zone_device_page(const struct page *page) { return page_zonenum(page) == ZONE_DEVICE; } extern void memmap_init_zone_device(struct zone *, unsigned long, unsigned long, struct dev_pagemap *); #else static inline bool is_zone_device_page(const struct page *page) { return false; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS void free_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page); DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(devmap_managed_key); static inline bool page_is_devmap_managed(struct page *page) { if (!static_branch_unlikely(&devmap_managed_key)) return false; if (!is_zone_device_page(page)) return false; switch (page->pgmap->type) { case MEMORY_DEVICE_PRIVATE: case MEMORY_DEVICE_FS_DAX: return true; default: break; } return false; } void put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page); #else /* CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS */ static inline bool page_is_devmap_managed(struct page *page) { return false; } static inline void put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page) { } #endif /* CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS */ static inline bool is_device_private_page(const struct page *page) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS) && IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEVICE_PRIVATE) && is_zone_device_page(page) && page->pgmap->type == MEMORY_DEVICE_PRIVATE; } static inline bool is_pci_p2pdma_page(const struct page *page) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS) && IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PCI_P2PDMA) && is_zone_device_page(page) && page->pgmap->type == MEMORY_DEVICE_PCI_P2PDMA; } /* 127: arbitrary random number, small enough to assemble well */ #define page_ref_zero_or_close_to_overflow(page) \ ((unsigned int) page_ref_count(page) + 127u <= 127u) static inline void get_page(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); /* * Getting a normal page or the head of a compound page * requires to already have an elevated page->_refcount. */ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_ref_zero_or_close_to_overflow(page), page); page_ref_inc(page); } bool __must_check try_grab_page(struct page *page, unsigned int flags); static inline __must_check bool try_get_page(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(page_ref_count(page) <= 0)) return false; page_ref_inc(page); return true; } static inline void put_page(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); /* * For devmap managed pages we need to catch refcount transition from * 2 to 1, when refcount reach one it means the page is free and we * need to inform the device driver through callback. See * include/linux/memremap.h and HMM for details. */ if (page_is_devmap_managed(page)) { put_devmap_managed_page(page); return; } if (put_page_testzero(page)) __put_page(page); } /* * GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS, and the associated functions that use it, overload * the page's refcount so that two separate items are tracked: the original page * reference count, and also a new count of how many pin_user_pages() calls were * made against the page. ("gup-pinned" is another term for the latter). * * With this scheme, pin_user_pages() becomes special: such pages are marked as * distinct from normal pages. As such, the unpin_user_page() call (and its * variants) must be used in order to release gup-pinned pages. * * Choice of value: * * By making GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS a power of two, debugging of page reference * counts with respect to pin_user_pages() and unpin_user_page() becomes * simpler, due to the fact that adding an even power of two to the page * refcount has the effect of using only the upper N bits, for the code that * counts up using the bias value. This means that the lower bits are left for * the exclusive use of the original code that increments and decrements by one * (or at least, by much smaller values than the bias value). * * Of course, once the lower bits overflow into the upper bits (and this is * OK, because subtraction recovers the original values), then visual inspection * no longer suffices to directly view the separate counts. However, for normal * applications that don't have huge page reference counts, this won't be an * issue. * * Locking: the lockless algorithm described in page_cache_get_speculative() * and page_cache_gup_pin_speculative() provides safe operation for * get_user_pages and page_mkclean and other calls that race to set up page * table entries. */ #define GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS (1U << 10) void unpin_user_page(struct page *page); void unpin_user_pages_dirty_lock(struct page **pages, unsigned long npages, bool make_dirty); void unpin_user_pages(struct page **pages, unsigned long npages); /** * page_maybe_dma_pinned() - report if a page is pinned for DMA. * * This function checks if a page has been pinned via a call to * pin_user_pages*(). * * For non-huge pages, the return value is partially fuzzy: false is not fuzzy, * because it means "definitely not pinned for DMA", but true means "probably * pinned for DMA, but possibly a false positive due to having at least * GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS worth of normal page references". * * False positives are OK, because: a) it's unlikely for a page to get that many * refcounts, and b) all the callers of this routine are expected to be able to * deal gracefully with a false positive. * * For huge pages, the result will be exactly correct. That's because we have * more tracking data available: the 3rd struct page in the compound page is * used to track the pincount (instead using of the GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS * scheme). * * For more information, please see Documentation/core-api/pin_user_pages.rst. * * @page: pointer to page to be queried. * @Return: True, if it is likely that the page has been "dma-pinned". * False, if the page is definitely not dma-pinned. */ static inline bool page_maybe_dma_pinned(struct page *page) { if (hpage_pincount_available(page)) return compound_pincount(page) > 0; /* * page_ref_count() is signed. If that refcount overflows, then * page_ref_count() returns a negative value, and callers will avoid * further incrementing the refcount. * * Here, for that overflow case, use the signed bit to count a little * bit higher via unsigned math, and thus still get an accurate result. */ return ((unsigned int)page_ref_count(compound_head(page))) >= GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS; } #if defined(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM) && !defined(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP) #define SECTION_IN_PAGE_FLAGS #endif /* * The identification function is mainly used by the buddy allocator for * determining if two pages could be buddies. We are not really identifying * the zone since we could be using the section number id if we do not have * node id available in page flags. * We only guarantee that it will return the same value for two combinable * pages in a zone. */ static inline int page_zone_id(struct page *page) { return (page->flags >> ZONEID_PGSHIFT) & ZONEID_MASK; } #ifdef NODE_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS extern int page_to_nid(const struct page *page); #else static inline int page_to_nid(const struct page *page) { struct page *p = (struct page *)page; return (PF_POISONED_CHECK(p)->flags >> NODES_PGSHIFT) & NODES_MASK; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING static inline int cpu_pid_to_cpupid(int cpu, int pid) { return ((cpu & LAST__CPU_MASK) << LAST__PID_SHIFT) | (pid & LAST__PID_MASK); } static inline int cpupid_to_pid(int cpupid) { return cpupid & LAST__PID_MASK; } static inline int cpupid_to_cpu(int cpupid) { return (cpupid >> LAST__PID_SHIFT) & LAST__CPU_MASK; } static inline int cpupid_to_nid(int cpupid) { return cpu_to_node(cpupid_to_cpu(cpupid)); } static inline bool cpupid_pid_unset(int cpupid) { return cpupid_to_pid(cpupid) == (-1 & LAST__PID_MASK); } static inline bool cpupid_cpu_unset(int cpupid) { return cpupid_to_cpu(cpupid) == (-1 & LAST__CPU_MASK); } static inline bool __cpupid_match_pid(pid_t task_pid, int cpupid) { return (task_pid & LAST__PID_MASK) == cpupid_to_pid(cpupid); } #define cpupid_match_pid(task, cpupid) __cpupid_match_pid(task->pid, cpupid) #ifdef LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS static inline int page_cpupid_xchg_last(struct page *page, int cpupid) { return xchg(&page->_last_cpupid, cpupid & LAST_CPUPID_MASK); } static inline int page_cpupid_last(struct page *page) { return page->_last_cpupid; } static inline void page_cpupid_reset_last(struct page *page) { page->_last_cpupid = -1 & LAST_CPUPID_MASK; } #else static inline int page_cpupid_last(struct page *page) { return (page->flags >> LAST_CPUPID_PGSHIFT) & LAST_CPUPID_MASK; } extern int page_cpupid_xchg_last(struct page *page, int cpupid); static inline void page_cpupid_reset_last(struct page *page) { page->flags |= LAST_CPUPID_MASK << LAST_CPUPID_PGSHIFT; } #endif /* LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS */ #else /* !CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ static inline int page_cpupid_xchg_last(struct page *page, int cpupid) { return page_to_nid(page); /* XXX */ } static inline int page_cpupid_last(struct page *page) { return page_to_nid(page); /* XXX */ } static inline int cpupid_to_nid(int cpupid) { return -1; } static inline int cpupid_to_pid(int cpupid) { return -1; } static inline int cpupid_to_cpu(int cpupid) { return -1; } static inline int cpu_pid_to_cpupid(int nid, int pid) { return -1; } static inline bool cpupid_pid_unset(int cpupid) { return true; } static inline void page_cpupid_reset_last(struct page *page) { } static inline bool cpupid_match_pid(struct task_struct *task, int cpupid) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ #ifdef CONFIG_KASAN_SW_TAGS /* * KASAN per-page tags are stored xor'ed with 0xff. This allows to avoid * setting tags for all pages to native kernel tag value 0xff, as the default * value 0x00 maps to 0xff. */ static inline u8 page_kasan_tag(const struct page *page) { u8 tag; tag = (page->flags >> KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT) & KASAN_TAG_MASK; tag ^= 0xff; return tag; } static inline void page_kasan_tag_set(struct page *page, u8 tag) { tag ^= 0xff; page->flags &= ~(KASAN_TAG_MASK << KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT); page->flags |= (tag & KASAN_TAG_MASK) << KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT; } static inline void page_kasan_tag_reset(struct page *page) { page_kasan_tag_set(page, 0xff); } #else static inline u8 page_kasan_tag(const struct page *page) { return 0xff; } static inline void page_kasan_tag_set(struct page *page, u8 tag) { } static inline void page_kasan_tag_reset(struct page *page) { } #endif static inline struct zone *page_zone(const struct page *page) { return &NODE_DATA(page_to_nid(page))->node_zones[page_zonenum(page)]; } static inline pg_data_t *page_pgdat(const struct page *page) { return NODE_DATA(page_to_nid(page)); } #ifdef SECTION_IN_PAGE_FLAGS static inline void set_page_section(struct page *page, unsigned long section) { page->flags &= ~(SECTIONS_MASK << SECTIONS_PGSHIFT); page->flags |= (section & SECTIONS_MASK) << SECTIONS_PGSHIFT; } static inline unsigned long page_to_section(const struct page *page) { return (page->flags >> SECTIONS_PGSHIFT) & SECTIONS_MASK; } #endif static inline void set_page_zone(struct page *page, enum zone_type zone) { page->flags &= ~(ZONES_MASK << ZONES_PGSHIFT); page->flags |= (zone & ZONES_MASK) << ZONES_PGSHIFT; } static inline void set_page_node(struct page *page, unsigned long node) { page->flags &= ~(NODES_MASK << NODES_PGSHIFT); page->flags |= (node & NODES_MASK) << NODES_PGSHIFT; } static inline void set_page_links(struct page *page, enum zone_type zone, unsigned long node, unsigned long pfn) { set_page_zone(page, zone); set_page_node(page, node); #ifdef SECTION_IN_PAGE_FLAGS set_page_section(page, pfn_to_section_nr(pfn)); #endif } #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG static inline struct mem_cgroup *page_memcg(struct page *page) { return page->mem_cgroup; } static inline struct mem_cgroup *page_memcg_rcu(struct page *page) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_read_lock_held()); return READ_ONCE(page->mem_cgroup); } #else static inline struct mem_cgroup *page_memcg(struct page *page) { return NULL; } static inline struct mem_cgroup *page_memcg_rcu(struct page *page) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_read_lock_held()); return NULL; } #endif /* * Some inline functions in vmstat.h depend on page_zone() */ #include <linux/vmstat.h> static __always_inline void *lowmem_page_address(const struct page *page) { return page_to_virt(page); } #if defined(CONFIG_HIGHMEM) && !defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL) #define HASHED_PAGE_VIRTUAL #endif #if defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL) static inline void *page_address(const struct page *page) { return page->virtual; } static inline void set_page_address(struct page *page, void *address) { page->virtual = address; } #define page_address_init() do { } while(0) #endif #if defined(HASHED_PAGE_VIRTUAL) void *page_address(const struct page *page); void set_page_address(struct page *page, void *virtual); void page_address_init(void); #endif #if !defined(HASHED_PAGE_VIRTUAL) && !defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL) #define page_address(page) lowmem_page_address(page) #define set_page_address(page, address) do { } while(0) #define page_address_init() do { } while(0) #endif extern void *page_rmapping(struct page *page); extern struct anon_vma *page_anon_vma(struct page *page); extern struct address_space *page_mapping(struct page *page); extern struct address_space *__page_file_mapping(struct page *); static inline struct address_space *page_file_mapping(struct page *page) { if (unlikely(PageSwapCache(page))) return __page_file_mapping(page); return page->mapping; } extern pgoff_t __page_file_index(struct page *page); /* * Return the pagecache index of the passed page. Regular pagecache pages * use ->index whereas swapcache pages use swp_offset(->private) */ static inline pgoff_t page_index(struct page *page) { if (unlikely(PageSwapCache(page))) return __page_file_index(page); return page->index; } bool page_mapped(struct page *page); struct address_space *page_mapping(struct page *page); struct address_space *page_mapping_file(struct page *page); /* * Return true only if the page has been allocated with * ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS and the low watermark was not * met implying that the system is under some pressure. */ static inline bool page_is_pfmemalloc(struct page *page) { /* * Page index cannot be this large so this must be * a pfmemalloc page. */ return page->index == -1UL; } /* * Only to be called by the page allocator on a freshly allocated * page. */ static inline void set_page_pfmemalloc(struct page *page) { page->index = -1UL; } static inline void clear_page_pfmemalloc(struct page *page) { page->index = 0; } /* * Can be called by the pagefault handler when it gets a VM_FAULT_OOM. */ extern void pagefault_out_of_memory(void); #define offset_in_page(p) ((unsigned long)(p) & ~PAGE_MASK) #define offset_in_thp(page, p) ((unsigned long)(p) & (thp_size(page) - 1)) /* * Flags passed to show_mem() and show_free_areas() to suppress output in * various contexts. */ #define SHOW_MEM_FILTER_NODES (0x0001u) /* disallowed nodes */ extern void show_free_areas(unsigned int flags, nodemask_t *nodemask); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern bool can_do_mlock(void); #else static inline bool can_do_mlock(void) { return false; } #endif extern int user_shm_lock(size_t, struct user_struct *); extern void user_shm_unlock(size_t, struct user_struct *); /* * Parameter block passed down to zap_pte_range in exceptional cases. */ struct zap_details { struct address_space *check_mapping; /* Check page->mapping if set */ pgoff_t first_index; /* Lowest page->index to unmap */ pgoff_t last_index; /* Highest page->index to unmap */ struct page *single_page; /* Locked page to be unmapped */ }; struct page *vm_normal_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte); struct page *vm_normal_page_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t pmd); void zap_vma_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size); void zap_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size); void unmap_vmas(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *start_vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); struct mmu_notifier_range; void free_pgd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling); int copy_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma); int follow_invalidate_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, struct mmu_notifier_range *range, pte_t **ptepp, pmd_t **pmdpp, spinlock_t **ptlp); int follow_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t **ptepp, spinlock_t **ptlp); int follow_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long *pfn); int follow_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, unsigned long *prot, resource_size_t *phys); int generic_access_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, int write); extern void truncate_pagecache(struct inode *inode, loff_t new); extern void truncate_setsize(struct inode *inode, loff_t newsize); void pagecache_isize_extended(struct inode *inode, loff_t from, loff_t to); void truncate_pagecache_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t end); int truncate_inode_page(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page); int generic_error_remove_page(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page); int invalidate_inode_page(struct page *page); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern vm_fault_t handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, struct pt_regs *regs); extern int fixup_user_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned int fault_flags, bool *unlocked); void unmap_mapping_page(struct page *page); void unmap_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t nr, bool even_cows); void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen, int even_cows); #else static inline vm_fault_t handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, struct pt_regs *regs) { /* should never happen if there's no MMU */ BUG(); return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } static inline int fixup_user_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned int fault_flags, bool *unlocked) { /* should never happen if there's no MMU */ BUG(); return -EFAULT; } static inline void unmap_mapping_page(struct page *page) { } static inline void unmap_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t nr, bool even_cows) { } static inline void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen, int even_cows) { } #endif static inline void unmap_shared_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen) { unmap_mapping_range(mapping, holebegin, holelen, 0); } extern int access_process_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags); extern int access_remote_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags); extern int __access_remote_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags); long get_user_pages_remote(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas, int *locked); long pin_user_pages_remote(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas, int *locked); long get_user_pages(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas); long pin_user_pages(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas); long get_user_pages_locked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, int *locked); long pin_user_pages_locked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, int *locked); long get_user_pages_unlocked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, struct page **pages, unsigned int gup_flags); long pin_user_pages_unlocked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, struct page **pages, unsigned int gup_flags); int get_user_pages_fast(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages); int pin_user_pages_fast(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages); int account_locked_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pages, bool inc); int __account_locked_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pages, bool inc, struct task_struct *task, bool bypass_rlim); /* Container for pinned pfns / pages */ struct frame_vector { unsigned int nr_allocated; /* Number of frames we have space for */ unsigned int nr_frames; /* Number of frames stored in ptrs array */ bool got_ref; /* Did we pin pages by getting page ref? */ bool is_pfns; /* Does array contain pages or pfns? */ void *ptrs[]; /* Array of pinned pfns / pages. Use * pfns_vector_pages() or pfns_vector_pfns() * for access */ }; struct frame_vector *frame_vector_create(unsigned int nr_frames); void frame_vector_destroy(struct frame_vector *vec); int get_vaddr_frames(unsigned long start, unsigned int nr_pfns, unsigned int gup_flags, struct frame_vector *vec); void put_vaddr_frames(struct frame_vector *vec); int frame_vector_to_pages(struct frame_vector *vec); void frame_vector_to_pfns(struct frame_vector *vec); static inline unsigned int frame_vector_count(struct frame_vector *vec) { return vec->nr_frames; } static inline struct page **frame_vector_pages(struct frame_vector *vec) { if (vec->is_pfns) { int err = frame_vector_to_pages(vec); if (err) return ERR_PTR(err); } return (struct page **)(vec->ptrs); } static inline unsigned long *frame_vector_pfns(struct frame_vector *vec) { if (!vec->is_pfns) frame_vector_to_pfns(vec); return (unsigned long *)(vec->ptrs); } struct kvec; int get_kernel_pages(const struct kvec *iov, int nr_pages, int write, struct page **pages); int get_kernel_page(unsigned long start, int write, struct page **pages); struct page *get_dump_page(unsigned long addr); extern int try_to_release_page(struct page * page, gfp_t gfp_mask); extern void do_invalidatepage(struct page *page, unsigned int offset, unsigned int length); void __set_page_dirty(struct page *, struct address_space *, int warn); int __set_page_dirty_nobuffers(struct page *page); int __set_page_dirty_no_writeback(struct page *page); int redirty_page_for_writepage(struct writeback_control *wbc, struct page *page); void account_page_dirtied(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping); void account_page_cleaned(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping, struct bdi_writeback *wb); int set_page_dirty(struct page *page); int set_page_dirty_lock(struct page *page); void __cancel_dirty_page(struct page *page); static inline void cancel_dirty_page(struct page *page) { /* Avoid atomic ops, locking, etc. when not actually needed. */ if (PageDirty(page)) __cancel_dirty_page(page); } int clear_page_dirty_for_io(struct page *page); int get_cmdline(struct task_struct *task, char *buffer, int buflen); extern unsigned long move_page_tables(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long old_addr, struct vm_area_struct *new_vma, unsigned long new_addr, unsigned long len, bool need_rmap_locks); /* * Flags used by change_protection(). For now we make it a bitmap so * that we can pass in multiple flags just like parameters. However * for now all the callers are only use one of the flags at the same * time. */ /* Whether we should allow dirty bit accounting */ #define MM_CP_DIRTY_ACCT (1UL << 0) /* Whether this protection change is for NUMA hints */ #define MM_CP_PROT_NUMA (1UL << 1) /* Whether this change is for write protecting */ #define MM_CP_UFFD_WP (1UL << 2) /* do wp */ #define MM_CP_UFFD_WP_RESOLVE (1UL << 3) /* Resolve wp */ #define MM_CP_UFFD_WP_ALL (MM_CP_UFFD_WP | \ MM_CP_UFFD_WP_RESOLVE) extern unsigned long change_protection(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, pgprot_t newprot, unsigned long cp_flags); extern int mprotect_fixup(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct **pprev, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, unsigned long newflags); /* * doesn't attempt to fault and will return short. */ int get_user_pages_fast_only(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages); int pin_user_pages_fast_only(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages); static inline bool get_user_page_fast_only(unsigned long addr, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pagep) { return get_user_pages_fast_only(addr, 1, gup_flags, pagep) == 1; } /* * per-process(per-mm_struct) statistics. */ static inline unsigned long get_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member) { long val = atomic_long_read(&mm->rss_stat.count[member]); #ifdef SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING /* * counter is updated in asynchronous manner and may go to minus. * But it's never be expected number for users. */ if (val < 0) val = 0; #endif return (unsigned long)val; } void mm_trace_rss_stat(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long count); static inline void add_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long value) { long count = atomic_long_add_return(value, &mm->rss_stat.count[member]); mm_trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } static inline void inc_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member) { long count = atomic_long_inc_return(&mm->rss_stat.count[member]); mm_trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } static inline void dec_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member) { long count = atomic_long_dec_return(&mm->rss_stat.count[member]); mm_trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } /* Optimized variant when page is already known not to be PageAnon */ static inline int mm_counter_file(struct page *page) { if (PageSwapBacked(page)) return MM_SHMEMPAGES; return MM_FILEPAGES; } static inline int mm_counter(struct page *page) { if (PageAnon(page)) return MM_ANONPAGES; return mm_counter_file(page); } static inline unsigned long get_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { return get_mm_counter(mm, MM_FILEPAGES) + get_mm_counter(mm, MM_ANONPAGES) + get_mm_counter(mm, MM_SHMEMPAGES); } static inline unsigned long get_mm_hiwater_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { return max(mm->hiwater_rss, get_mm_rss(mm)); } static inline unsigned long get_mm_hiwater_vm(struct mm_struct *mm) { return max(mm->hiwater_vm, mm->total_vm); } static inline void update_hiwater_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { unsigned long _rss = get_mm_rss(mm); if ((mm)->hiwater_rss < _rss) (mm)->hiwater_rss = _rss; } static inline void update_hiwater_vm(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm->hiwater_vm < mm->total_vm) mm->hiwater_vm = mm->total_vm; } static inline void reset_mm_hiwater_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { mm->hiwater_rss = get_mm_rss(mm); } static inline void setmax_mm_hiwater_rss(unsigned long *maxrss, struct mm_struct *mm) { unsigned long hiwater_rss = get_mm_hiwater_rss(mm); if (*maxrss < hiwater_rss) *maxrss = hiwater_rss; } #if defined(SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING) void sync_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm); #else static inline void sync_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { } #endif #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL static inline int pte_special(pte_t pte) { return 0; } static inline pte_t pte_mkspecial(pte_t pte) { return pte; } #endif #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_DEVMAP static inline int pte_devmap(pte_t pte) { return 0; } #endif int vma_wants_writenotify(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgprot_t vm_page_prot); extern pte_t *__get_locked_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, spinlock_t **ptl); static inline pte_t *get_locked_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, spinlock_t **ptl) { pte_t *ptep; __cond_lock(*ptl, ptep = __get_locked_pte(mm, addr, ptl)); return ptep; } #ifdef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED static inline int __p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { return 0; } #else int __p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address); #endif #if defined(__PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED) || !defined(CONFIG_MMU) static inline int __pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address) { return 0; } static inline void mm_inc_nr_puds(struct mm_struct *mm) {} static inline void mm_dec_nr_puds(struct mm_struct *mm) {} #else int __pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address); static inline void mm_inc_nr_puds(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm_pud_folded(mm)) return; atomic_long_add(PTRS_PER_PUD * sizeof(pud_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } static inline void mm_dec_nr_puds(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm_pud_folded(mm)) return; atomic_long_sub(PTRS_PER_PUD * sizeof(pud_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } #endif #if defined(__PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED) || !defined(CONFIG_MMU) static inline int __pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address) { return 0; } static inline void mm_inc_nr_pmds(struct mm_struct *mm) {} static inline void mm_dec_nr_pmds(struct mm_struct *mm) {} #else int __pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address); static inline void mm_inc_nr_pmds(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm_pmd_folded(mm)) return; atomic_long_add(PTRS_PER_PMD * sizeof(pmd_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } static inline void mm_dec_nr_pmds(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm_pmd_folded(mm)) return; atomic_long_sub(PTRS_PER_PMD * sizeof(pmd_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MMU static inline void mm_pgtables_bytes_init(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_long_set(&mm->pgtables_bytes, 0); } static inline unsigned long mm_pgtables_bytes(const struct mm_struct *mm) { return atomic_long_read(&mm->pgtables_bytes); } static inline void mm_inc_nr_ptes(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_long_add(PTRS_PER_PTE * sizeof(pte_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } static inline void mm_dec_nr_ptes(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_long_sub(PTRS_PER_PTE * sizeof(pte_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } #else static inline void mm_pgtables_bytes_init(struct mm_struct *mm) {} static inline unsigned long mm_pgtables_bytes(const struct mm_struct *mm) { return 0; } static inline void mm_inc_nr_ptes(struct mm_struct *mm) {} static inline void mm_dec_nr_ptes(struct mm_struct *mm) {} #endif int __pte_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd); int __pte_alloc_kernel(pmd_t *pmd); #if defined(CONFIG_MMU) static inline p4d_t *p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { return (unlikely(pgd_none(*pgd)) && __p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, address)) ? NULL : p4d_offset(pgd, address); } static inline pud_t *pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address) { return (unlikely(p4d_none(*p4d)) && __pud_alloc(mm, p4d, address)) ? NULL : pud_offset(p4d, address); } static inline pmd_t *pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address) { return (unlikely(pud_none(*pud)) && __pmd_alloc(mm, pud, address))? NULL: pmd_offset(pud, address); } #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ #if USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS #if ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS void __init ptlock_cache_init(void); extern bool ptlock_alloc(struct page *page); extern void ptlock_free(struct page *page); static inline spinlock_t *ptlock_ptr(struct page *page) { return page->ptl; } #else /* ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS */ static inline void ptlock_cache_init(void) { } static inline bool ptlock_alloc(struct page *page) { return true; } static inline void ptlock_free(struct page *page) { } static inline spinlock_t *ptlock_ptr(struct page *page) { return &page->ptl; } #endif /* ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS */ static inline spinlock_t *pte_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { return ptlock_ptr(pmd_page(*pmd)); } static inline bool ptlock_init(struct page *page) { /* * prep_new_page() initialize page->private (and therefore page->ptl) * with 0. Make sure nobody took it in use in between. * * It can happen if arch try to use slab for page table allocation: * slab code uses page->slab_cache, which share storage with page->ptl. */ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(*(unsigned long *)&page->ptl, page); if (!ptlock_alloc(page)) return false; spin_lock_init(ptlock_ptr(page)); return true; } #else /* !USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS */ /* * We use mm->page_table_lock to guard all pagetable pages of the mm. */ static inline spinlock_t *pte_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { return &mm->page_table_lock; } static inline void ptlock_cache_init(void) {} static inline bool ptlock_init(struct page *page) { return true; } static inline void ptlock_free(struct page *page) {} #endif /* USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS */ static inline void pgtable_init(void) { ptlock_cache_init(); pgtable_cache_init(); } static inline bool pgtable_pte_page_ctor(struct page *page) { if (!ptlock_init(page)) return false; __SetPageTable(page); inc_zone_page_state(page, NR_PAGETABLE); return true; } static inline void pgtable_pte_page_dtor(struct page *page) { ptlock_free(page); __ClearPageTable(page); dec_zone_page_state(page, NR_PAGETABLE); } #define pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp) \ ({ \ spinlock_t *__ptl = pte_lockptr(mm, pmd); \ pte_t *__pte = pte_offset_map(pmd, address); \ *(ptlp) = __ptl; \ spin_lock(__ptl); \ __pte; \ }) #define pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl) do { \ spin_unlock(ptl); \ pte_unmap(pte); \ } while (0) #define pte_alloc(mm, pmd) (unlikely(pmd_none(*(pmd))) && __pte_alloc(mm, pmd)) #define pte_alloc_map(mm, pmd, address) \ (pte_alloc(mm, pmd) ? NULL : pte_offset_map(pmd, address)) #define pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp) \ (pte_alloc(mm, pmd) ? \ NULL : pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp)) #define pte_alloc_kernel(pmd, address) \ ((unlikely(pmd_none(*(pmd))) && __pte_alloc_kernel(pmd))? \ NULL: pte_offset_kernel(pmd, address)) #if USE_SPLIT_PMD_PTLOCKS static struct page *pmd_to_page(pmd_t *pmd) { unsigned long mask = ~(PTRS_PER_PMD * sizeof(pmd_t) - 1); return virt_to_page((void *)((unsigned long) pmd & mask)); } static inline spinlock_t *pmd_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { return ptlock_ptr(pmd_to_page(pmd)); } static inline bool pmd_ptlock_init(struct page *page) { #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE page->pmd_huge_pte = NULL; #endif return ptlock_init(page); } static inline void pmd_ptlock_free(struct page *page) { #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page->pmd_huge_pte, page); #endif ptlock_free(page); } #define pmd_huge_pte(mm, pmd) (pmd_to_page(pmd)->pmd_huge_pte) #else static inline spinlock_t *pmd_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { return &mm->page_table_lock; } static inline bool pmd_ptlock_init(struct page *page) { return true; } static inline void pmd_ptlock_free(struct page *page) {} #define pmd_huge_pte(mm, pmd) ((mm)->pmd_huge_pte) #endif static inline spinlock_t *pmd_lock(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { spinlock_t *ptl = pmd_lockptr(mm, pmd); spin_lock(ptl); return ptl; } static inline bool pgtable_pmd_page_ctor(struct page *page) { if (!pmd_ptlock_init(page)) return false; __SetPageTable(page); inc_zone_page_state(page, NR_PAGETABLE); return true; } static inline void pgtable_pmd_page_dtor(struct page *page) { pmd_ptlock_free(page); __ClearPageTable(page); dec_zone_page_state(page, NR_PAGETABLE); } /* * No scalability reason to split PUD locks yet, but follow the same pattern * as the PMD locks to make it easier if we decide to. The VM should not be * considered ready to switch to split PUD locks yet; there may be places * which need to be converted from page_table_lock. */ static inline spinlock_t *pud_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud) { return &mm->page_table_lock; } static inline spinlock_t *pud_lock(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud) { spinlock_t *ptl = pud_lockptr(mm, pud); spin_lock(ptl); return ptl; } extern void __init pagecache_init(void); extern void __init free_area_init_memoryless_node(int nid); extern void free_initmem(void); /* * Free reserved pages within range [PAGE_ALIGN(start), end & PAGE_MASK) * into the buddy system. The freed pages will be poisoned with pattern * "poison" if it's within range [0, UCHAR_MAX]. * Return pages freed into the buddy system. */ extern unsigned long free_reserved_area(void *start, void *end, int poison, const char *s); #ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM /* * Free a highmem page into the buddy system, adjusting totalhigh_pages * and totalram_pages. */ extern void free_highmem_page(struct page *page); #endif extern void adjust_managed_page_count(struct page *page, long count); extern void mem_init_print_info(const char *str); extern void reserve_bootmem_region(phys_addr_t start, phys_addr_t end); /* Free the reserved page into the buddy system, so it gets managed. */ static inline void __free_reserved_page(struct page *page) { ClearPageReserved(page); init_page_count(page); __free_page(page); } static inline void free_reserved_page(struct page *page) { __free_reserved_page(page); adjust_managed_page_count(page, 1); } static inline void mark_page_reserved(struct page *page) { SetPageReserved(page); adjust_managed_page_count(page, -1); } /* * Default method to free all the __init memory into the buddy system. * The freed pages will be poisoned with pattern "poison" if it's within * range [0, UCHAR_MAX]. * Return pages freed into the buddy system. */ static inline unsigned long free_initmem_default(int poison) { extern char __init_begin[], __init_end[]; return free_reserved_area(&__init_begin, &__init_end, poison, "unused kernel"); } static inline unsigned long get_num_physpages(void) { int nid; unsigned long phys_pages = 0; for_each_online_node(nid) phys_pages += node_present_pages(nid); return phys_pages; } /* * Using memblock node mappings, an architecture may initialise its * zones, allocate the backing mem_map and account for memory holes in an * architecture independent manner. * * An architecture is expected to register range of page frames backed by * physical memory with memblock_add[_node]() before calling * free_area_init() passing in the PFN each zone ends at. At a basic * usage, an architecture is expected to do something like * * unsigned long max_zone_pfns[MAX_NR_ZONES] = {max_dma, max_normal_pfn, * max_highmem_pfn}; * for_each_valid_physical_page_range() * memblock_add_node(base, size, nid) * free_area_init(max_zone_pfns); */ void free_area_init(unsigned long *max_zone_pfn); unsigned long node_map_pfn_alignment(void); unsigned long __absent_pages_in_range(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn); extern unsigned long absent_pages_in_range(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn); extern void get_pfn_range_for_nid(unsigned int nid, unsigned long *start_pfn, unsigned long *end_pfn); extern unsigned long find_min_pfn_with_active_regions(void); #ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES static inline int early_pfn_to_nid(unsigned long pfn) { return 0; } #else /* please see mm/page_alloc.c */ extern int __meminit early_pfn_to_nid(unsigned long pfn); /* there is a per-arch backend function. */ extern int __meminit __early_pfn_to_nid(unsigned long pfn, struct mminit_pfnnid_cache *state); #endif extern void set_dma_reserve(unsigned long new_dma_reserve); extern void memmap_init_zone(unsigned long, int, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, enum meminit_context, struct vmem_altmap *, int migratetype); extern void setup_per_zone_wmarks(void); extern int __meminit init_per_zone_wmark_min(void); extern void mem_init(void); extern void __init mmap_init(void); extern void show_mem(unsigned int flags, nodemask_t *nodemask); extern long si_mem_available(void); extern void si_meminfo(struct sysinfo * val); extern void si_meminfo_node(struct sysinfo *val, int nid); #ifdef __HAVE_ARCH_RESERVED_KERNEL_PAGES extern unsigned long arch_reserved_kernel_pages(void); #endif extern __printf(3, 4) void warn_alloc(gfp_t gfp_mask, nodemask_t *nodemask, const char *fmt, ...); extern void setup_per_cpu_pageset(void); /* page_alloc.c */ extern int min_free_kbytes; extern int watermark_boost_factor; extern int watermark_scale_factor; extern bool arch_has_descending_max_zone_pfns(void); /* nommu.c */ extern atomic_long_t mmap_pages_allocated; extern int nommu_shrink_inode_mappings(struct inode *, size_t, size_t); /* interval_tree.c */ void vma_interval_tree_insert(struct vm_area_struct *node, struct rb_root_cached *root); void vma_interval_tree_insert_after(struct vm_area_struct *node, struct vm_area_struct *prev, struct rb_root_cached *root); void vma_interval_tree_remove(struct vm_area_struct *node, struct rb_root_cached *root); struct vm_area_struct *vma_interval_tree_iter_first(struct rb_root_cached *root, unsigned long start, unsigned long last); struct vm_area_struct *vma_interval_tree_iter_next(struct vm_area_struct *node, unsigned long start, unsigned long last); #define vma_interval_tree_foreach(vma, root, start, last) \ for (vma = vma_interval_tree_iter_first(root, start, last); \ vma; vma = vma_interval_tree_iter_next(vma, start, last)) void anon_vma_interval_tree_insert(struct anon_vma_chain *node, struct rb_root_cached *root); void anon_vma_interval_tree_remove(struct anon_vma_chain *node, struct rb_root_cached *root); struct anon_vma_chain * anon_vma_interval_tree_iter_first(struct rb_root_cached *root, unsigned long start, unsigned long last); struct anon_vma_chain *anon_vma_interval_tree_iter_next( struct anon_vma_chain *node, unsigned long start, unsigned long last); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_RB void anon_vma_interval_tree_verify(struct anon_vma_chain *node); #endif #define anon_vma_interval_tree_foreach(avc, root, start, last) \ for (avc = anon_vma_interval_tree_iter_first(root, start, last); \ avc; avc = anon_vma_interval_tree_iter_next(avc, start, last)) /* mmap.c */ extern int __vm_enough_memory(struct mm_struct *mm, long pages, int cap_sys_admin); extern int __vma_adjust(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, pgoff_t pgoff, struct vm_area_struct *insert, struct vm_area_struct *expand); static inline int vma_adjust(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, pgoff_t pgoff, struct vm_area_struct *insert) { return __vma_adjust(vma, start, end, pgoff, insert, NULL); } extern struct vm_area_struct *vma_merge(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *prev, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long vm_flags, struct anon_vma *, struct file *, pgoff_t, struct mempolicy *, struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx); extern struct anon_vma *find_mergeable_anon_vma(struct vm_area_struct *); extern int __split_vma(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long addr, int new_below); extern int split_vma(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long addr, int new_below); extern int insert_vm_struct(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *); extern void __vma_link_rb(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *, struct rb_node **, struct rb_node *); extern void unlink_file_vma(struct vm_area_struct *); extern struct vm_area_struct *copy_vma(struct vm_area_struct **, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, pgoff_t pgoff, bool *need_rmap_locks); extern void exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *); static inline int check_data_rlimit(unsigned long rlim, unsigned long new, unsigned long start, unsigned long end_data, unsigned long start_data) { if (rlim < RLIM_INFINITY) { if (((new - start) + (end_data - start_data)) > rlim) return -ENOSPC; } return 0; } extern int mm_take_all_locks(struct mm_struct *mm); extern void mm_drop_all_locks(struct mm_struct *mm); extern void set_mm_exe_file(struct mm_struct *mm, struct file *new_exe_file); extern struct file *get_mm_exe_file(struct mm_struct *mm); extern struct file *get_task_exe_file(struct task_struct *task); extern bool may_expand_vm(struct mm_struct *, vm_flags_t, unsigned long npages); extern void vm_stat_account(struct mm_struct *, vm_flags_t, long npages); extern bool vma_is_special_mapping(const struct vm_area_struct *vma, const struct vm_special_mapping *sm); extern struct vm_area_struct *_install_special_mapping(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long flags, const struct vm_special_mapping *spec); /* This is an obsolete alternative to _install_special_mapping. */ extern int install_special_mapping(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long flags, struct page **pages); unsigned long randomize_stack_top(unsigned long stack_top); extern unsigned long get_unmapped_area(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern unsigned long mmap_region(struct file *file, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, vm_flags_t vm_flags, unsigned long pgoff, struct list_head *uf); extern unsigned long do_mmap(struct file *file, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long prot, unsigned long flags, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long *populate, struct list_head *uf); extern int __do_munmap(struct mm_struct *, unsigned long, size_t, struct list_head *uf, bool downgrade); extern int do_munmap(struct mm_struct *, unsigned long, size_t, struct list_head *uf); extern int do_madvise(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, size_t len_in, int behavior); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern int __mm_populate(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, int ignore_errors); static inline void mm_populate(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len) { /* Ignore errors */ (void) __mm_populate(addr, len, 1); } #else static inline void mm_populate(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len) {} #endif /* These take the mm semaphore themselves */ extern int __must_check vm_brk(unsigned long, unsigned long); extern int __must_check vm_brk_flags(unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern int vm_munmap(unsigned long, size_t); extern unsigned long __must_check vm_mmap(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); struct vm_unmapped_area_info { #define VM_UNMAPPED_AREA_TOPDOWN 1 unsigned long flags; unsigned long length; unsigned long low_limit; unsigned long high_limit; unsigned long align_mask; unsigned long align_offset; }; extern unsigned long vm_unmapped_area(struct vm_unmapped_area_info *info); /* truncate.c */ extern void truncate_inode_pages(struct address_space *, loff_t); extern void truncate_inode_pages_range(struct address_space *, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); extern void truncate_inode_pages_final(struct address_space *); /* generic vm_area_ops exported for stackable file systems */ extern vm_fault_t filemap_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf); extern void filemap_map_pages(struct vm_fault *vmf, pgoff_t start_pgoff, pgoff_t end_pgoff); extern vm_fault_t filemap_page_mkwrite(struct vm_fault *vmf); /* mm/page-writeback.c */ int __must_check write_one_page(struct page *page); void task_dirty_inc(struct task_struct *tsk); extern unsigned long stack_guard_gap; /* Generic expand stack which grows the stack according to GROWS{UP,DOWN} */ extern int expand_stack(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address); /* CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP still needs to grow downwards at some places */ extern int expand_downwards(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address); #if VM_GROWSUP extern int expand_upwards(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address); #else #define expand_upwards(vma, address) (0) #endif /* Look up the first VMA which satisfies addr < vm_end, NULL if none. */ extern struct vm_area_struct * find_vma(struct mm_struct * mm, unsigned long addr); extern struct vm_area_struct * find_vma_prev(struct mm_struct * mm, unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct **pprev); /* Look up the first VMA which intersects the interval start_addr..end_addr-1, NULL if none. Assume start_addr < end_addr. */ static inline struct vm_area_struct * find_vma_intersection(struct mm_struct * mm, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr) { struct vm_area_struct * vma = find_vma(mm,start_addr); if (vma && end_addr <= vma->vm_start) vma = NULL; return vma; } static inline unsigned long vm_start_gap(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { unsigned long vm_start = vma->vm_start; if (vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSDOWN) { vm_start -= stack_guard_gap; if (vm_start > vma->vm_start) vm_start = 0; } return vm_start; } static inline unsigned long vm_end_gap(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { unsigned long vm_end = vma->vm_end; if (vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSUP) { vm_end += stack_guard_gap; if (vm_end < vma->vm_end) vm_end = -PAGE_SIZE; } return vm_end; } static inline unsigned long vma_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return (vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; } /* Look up the first VMA which exactly match the interval vm_start ... vm_end */ static inline struct vm_area_struct *find_exact_vma(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vm_start, unsigned long vm_end) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = find_vma(mm, vm_start); if (vma && (vma->vm_start != vm_start || vma->vm_end != vm_end)) vma = NULL; return vma; } static inline bool range_in_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { return (vma && vma->vm_start <= start && end <= vma->vm_end); } #ifdef CONFIG_MMU pgprot_t vm_get_page_prot(unsigned long vm_flags); void vma_set_page_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #else static inline pgprot_t vm_get_page_prot(unsigned long vm_flags) { return __pgprot(0); } static inline void vma_set_page_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { vma->vm_page_prot = vm_get_page_prot(vma->vm_flags); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING unsigned long change_prot_numa(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); #endif struct vm_area_struct *find_extend_vma(struct mm_struct *, unsigned long addr); int remap_pfn_range(struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t); int vm_insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long addr, struct page *); int vm_insert_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page **pages, unsigned long *num); int vm_map_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num); int vm_map_pages_zero(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t pgprot); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn); int vm_iomap_memory(struct vm_area_struct *vma, phys_addr_t start, unsigned long len); static inline vm_fault_t vmf_insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page *page) { int err = vm_insert_page(vma, addr, page); if (err == -ENOMEM) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (err < 0 && err != -EBUSY) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } #ifndef io_remap_pfn_range static inline int io_remap_pfn_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot) { return remap_pfn_range(vma, addr, pfn, size, pgprot_decrypted(prot)); } #endif static inline vm_fault_t vmf_error(int err) { if (err == -ENOMEM) return VM_FAULT_OOM; return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } struct page *follow_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int foll_flags); #define FOLL_WRITE 0x01 /* check pte is writable */ #define FOLL_TOUCH 0x02 /* mark page accessed */ #define FOLL_GET 0x04 /* do get_page on page */ #define FOLL_DUMP 0x08 /* give error on hole if it would be zero */ #define FOLL_FORCE 0x10 /* get_user_pages read/write w/o permission */ #define FOLL_NOWAIT 0x20 /* if a disk transfer is needed, start the IO * and return without waiting upon it */ #define FOLL_POPULATE 0x40 /* fault in page */ #define FOLL_SPLIT 0x80 /* don't return transhuge pages, split them */ #define FOLL_HWPOISON 0x100 /* check page is hwpoisoned */ #define FOLL_NUMA 0x200 /* force NUMA hinting page fault */ #define FOLL_MIGRATION 0x400 /* wait for page to replace migration entry */ #define FOLL_TRIED 0x800 /* a retry, previous pass started an IO */ #define FOLL_MLOCK 0x1000 /* lock present pages */ #define FOLL_REMOTE 0x2000 /* we are working on non-current tsk/mm */ #define FOLL_COW 0x4000 /* internal GUP flag */ #define FOLL_ANON 0x8000 /* don't do file mappings */ #define FOLL_LONGTERM 0x10000 /* mapping lifetime is indefinite: see below */ #define FOLL_SPLIT_PMD 0x20000 /* split huge pmd before returning */ #define FOLL_PIN 0x40000 /* pages must be released via unpin_user_page */ #define FOLL_FAST_ONLY 0x80000 /* gup_fast: prevent fall-back to slow gup */ /* * FOLL_PIN and FOLL_LONGTERM may be used in various combinations with each * other. Here is what they mean, and how to use them: * * FOLL_LONGTERM indicates that the page will be held for an indefinite time * period _often_ under userspace control. This is in contrast to * iov_iter_get_pages(), whose usages are transient. * * FIXME: For pages which are part of a filesystem, mappings are subject to the * lifetime enforced by the filesystem and we need guarantees that longterm * users like RDMA and V4L2 only establish mappings which coordinate usage with * the filesystem. Ideas for this coordination include revoking the longterm * pin, delaying writeback, bounce buffer page writeback, etc. As FS DAX was * added after the problem with filesystems was found FS DAX VMAs are * specifically failed. Filesystem pages are still subject to bugs and use of * FOLL_LONGTERM should be avoided on those pages. * * FIXME: Also NOTE that FOLL_LONGTERM is not supported in every GUP call. * Currently only get_user_pages() and get_user_pages_fast() support this flag * and calls to get_user_pages_[un]locked are specifically not allowed. This * is due to an incompatibility with the FS DAX check and * FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY. * * In the CMA case: long term pins in a CMA region would unnecessarily fragment * that region. And so, CMA attempts to migrate the page before pinning, when * FOLL_LONGTERM is specified. * * FOLL_PIN indicates that a special kind of tracking (not just page->_refcount, * but an additional pin counting system) will be invoked. This is intended for * anything that gets a page reference and then touches page data (for example, * Direct IO). This lets the filesystem know that some non-file-system entity is * potentially changing the pages' data. In contrast to FOLL_GET (whose pages * are released via put_page()), FOLL_PIN pages must be released, ultimately, by * a call to unpin_user_page(). * * FOLL_PIN is similar to FOLL_GET: both of these pin pages. They use different * and separate refcounting mechanisms, however, and that means that each has * its own acquire and release mechanisms: * * FOLL_GET: get_user_pages*() to acquire, and put_page() to release. * * FOLL_PIN: pin_user_pages*() to acquire, and unpin_user_pages to release. * * FOLL_PIN and FOLL_GET are mutually exclusive for a given function call. * (The underlying pages may experience both FOLL_GET-based and FOLL_PIN-based * calls applied to them, and that's perfectly OK. This is a constraint on the * callers, not on the pages.) * * FOLL_PIN should be set internally by the pin_user_pages*() APIs, never * directly by the caller. That's in order to help avoid mismatches when * releasing pages: get_user_pages*() pages must be released via put_page(), * while pin_user_pages*() pages must be released via unpin_user_page(). * * Please see Documentation/core-api/pin_user_pages.rst for more information. */ static inline int vm_fault_to_errno(vm_fault_t vm_fault, int foll_flags) { if (vm_fault & VM_FAULT_OOM) return -ENOMEM; if (vm_fault & (VM_FAULT_HWPOISON | VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE)) return (foll_flags & FOLL_HWPOISON) ? -EHWPOISON : -EFAULT; if (vm_fault & (VM_FAULT_SIGBUS | VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV)) return -EFAULT; return 0; } typedef int (*pte_fn_t)(pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, void *data); extern int apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data); extern int apply_to_existing_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data); #ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_POISONING extern bool page_poisoning_enabled(void); extern void kernel_poison_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable); #else static inline bool page_poisoning_enabled(void) { return false; } static inline void kernel_poison_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_INIT_ON_ALLOC_DEFAULT_ON DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(init_on_alloc); #else DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(init_on_alloc); #endif static inline bool want_init_on_alloc(gfp_t flags) { if (static_branch_unlikely(&init_on_alloc) && !page_poisoning_enabled()) return true; return flags & __GFP_ZERO; } #ifdef CONFIG_INIT_ON_FREE_DEFAULT_ON DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(init_on_free); #else DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(init_on_free); #endif static inline bool want_init_on_free(void) { return static_branch_unlikely(&init_on_free) && !page_poisoning_enabled(); } #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC extern void init_debug_pagealloc(void); #else static inline void init_debug_pagealloc(void) {} #endif extern bool _debug_pagealloc_enabled_early; DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(_debug_pagealloc_enabled); static inline bool debug_pagealloc_enabled(void) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC) && _debug_pagealloc_enabled_early; } /* * For use in fast paths after init_debug_pagealloc() has run, or when a * false negative result is not harmful when called too early. */ static inline bool debug_pagealloc_enabled_static(void) { if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC)) return false; return static_branch_unlikely(&_debug_pagealloc_enabled); } #if defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC) || defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SET_DIRECT_MAP) extern void __kernel_map_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable); /* * When called in DEBUG_PAGEALLOC context, the call should most likely be * guarded by debug_pagealloc_enabled() or debug_pagealloc_enabled_static() */ static inline void kernel_map_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable) { __kernel_map_pages(page, numpages, enable); } #ifdef CONFIG_HIBERNATION extern bool kernel_page_present(struct page *page); #endif /* CONFIG_HIBERNATION */ #else /* CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC || CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SET_DIRECT_MAP */ static inline void kernel_map_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable) {} #ifdef CONFIG_HIBERNATION static inline bool kernel_page_present(struct page *page) { return true; } #endif /* CONFIG_HIBERNATION */ #endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC || CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SET_DIRECT_MAP */ #ifdef __HAVE_ARCH_GATE_AREA extern struct vm_area_struct *get_gate_vma(struct mm_struct *mm); extern int in_gate_area_no_mm(unsigned long addr); extern int in_gate_area(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr); #else static inline struct vm_area_struct *get_gate_vma(struct mm_struct *mm) { return NULL; } static inline int in_gate_area_no_mm(unsigned long addr) { return 0; } static inline int in_gate_area(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { return 0; } #endif /* __HAVE_ARCH_GATE_AREA */ extern bool process_shares_mm(struct task_struct *p, struct mm_struct *mm); #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL extern int sysctl_drop_caches; int drop_caches_sysctl_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); #endif void drop_slab(void); void drop_slab_node(int nid); #ifndef CONFIG_MMU #define randomize_va_space 0 #else extern int randomize_va_space; #endif const char * arch_vma_name(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU void print_vma_addr(char *prefix, unsigned long rip); #else static inline void print_vma_addr(char *prefix, unsigned long rip) { } #endif void *sparse_buffer_alloc(unsigned long size); struct page * __populate_section_memmap(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages, int nid, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); pgd_t *vmemmap_pgd_populate(unsigned long addr, int node); p4d_t *vmemmap_p4d_populate(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, int node); pud_t *vmemmap_pud_populate(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, int node); pmd_t *vmemmap_pmd_populate(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, int node); pte_t *vmemmap_pte_populate(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, int node, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); void *vmemmap_alloc_block(unsigned long size, int node); struct vmem_altmap; void *vmemmap_alloc_block_buf(unsigned long size, int node, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); void vmemmap_verify(pte_t *, int, unsigned long, unsigned long); int vmemmap_populate_basepages(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, int node, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); int vmemmap_populate(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, int node, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); void vmemmap_populate_print_last(void); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG void vmemmap_free(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); #endif void register_page_bootmem_memmap(unsigned long section_nr, struct page *map, unsigned long nr_pages); enum mf_flags { MF_COUNT_INCREASED = 1 << 0, MF_ACTION_REQUIRED = 1 << 1, MF_MUST_KILL = 1 << 2, MF_SOFT_OFFLINE = 1 << 3, }; extern int memory_failure(unsigned long pfn, int flags); extern void memory_failure_queue(unsigned long pfn, int flags); extern void memory_failure_queue_kick(int cpu); extern int unpoison_memory(unsigned long pfn); extern int sysctl_memory_failure_early_kill; extern int sysctl_memory_failure_recovery; extern void shake_page(struct page *p, int access); extern atomic_long_t num_poisoned_pages __read_mostly; extern int soft_offline_page(unsigned long pfn, int flags); /* * Error handlers for various types of pages. */ enum mf_result { MF_IGNORED, /* Error: cannot be handled */ MF_FAILED, /* Error: handling failed */ MF_DELAYED, /* Will be handled later */ MF_RECOVERED, /* Successfully recovered */ }; enum mf_action_page_type { MF_MSG_KERNEL, MF_MSG_KERNEL_HIGH_ORDER, MF_MSG_SLAB, MF_MSG_DIFFERENT_COMPOUND, MF_MSG_POISONED_HUGE, MF_MSG_HUGE, MF_MSG_FREE_HUGE, MF_MSG_NON_PMD_HUGE, MF_MSG_UNMAP_FAILED, MF_MSG_DIRTY_SWAPCACHE, MF_MSG_CLEAN_SWAPCACHE, MF_MSG_DIRTY_MLOCKED_LRU, MF_MSG_CLEAN_MLOCKED_LRU, MF_MSG_DIRTY_UNEVICTABLE_LRU, MF_MSG_CLEAN_UNEVICTABLE_LRU, MF_MSG_DIRTY_LRU, MF_MSG_CLEAN_LRU, MF_MSG_TRUNCATED_LRU, MF_MSG_BUDDY, MF_MSG_BUDDY_2ND, MF_MSG_DAX, MF_MSG_UNSPLIT_THP, MF_MSG_UNKNOWN, }; #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) || defined(CONFIG_HUGETLBFS) extern void clear_huge_page(struct page *page, unsigned long addr_hint, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page); extern void copy_user_huge_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, unsigned long addr_hint, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page); extern long copy_huge_page_from_user(struct page *dst_page, const void __user *usr_src, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page, bool allow_pagefault); /** * vma_is_special_huge - Are transhuge page-table entries considered special? * @vma: Pointer to the struct vm_area_struct to consider * * Whether transhuge page-table entries are considered "special" following * the definition in vm_normal_page(). * * Return: true if transhuge page-table entries should be considered special, * false otherwise. */ static inline bool vma_is_special_huge(const struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return vma_is_dax(vma) || (vma->vm_file && (vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP))); } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE || CONFIG_HUGETLBFS */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC extern unsigned int _debug_guardpage_minorder; DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(_debug_guardpage_enabled); static inline unsigned int debug_guardpage_minorder(void) { return _debug_guardpage_minorder; } static inline bool debug_guardpage_enabled(void) { return static_branch_unlikely(&_debug_guardpage_enabled); } static inline bool page_is_guard(struct page *page) { if (!debug_guardpage_enabled()) return false; return PageGuard(page); } #else static inline unsigned int debug_guardpage_minorder(void) { return 0; } static inline bool debug_guardpage_enabled(void) { return false; } static inline bool page_is_guard(struct page *page) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC */ #if MAX_NUMNODES > 1 void __init setup_nr_node_ids(void); #else static inline void setup_nr_node_ids(void) {} #endif extern int memcmp_pages(struct page *page1, struct page *page2); static inline int pages_identical(struct page *page1, struct page *page2) { return !memcmp_pages(page1, page2); } #ifdef CONFIG_MAPPING_DIRTY_HELPERS unsigned long clean_record_shared_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t first_index, pgoff_t nr, pgoff_t bitmap_pgoff, unsigned long *bitmap, pgoff_t *start, pgoff_t *end); unsigned long wp_shared_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t first_index, pgoff_t nr); #endif extern int sysctl_nr_trim_pages; /** * seal_check_future_write - Check for F_SEAL_FUTURE_WRITE flag and handle it * @seals: the seals to check * @vma: the vma to operate on * * Check whether F_SEAL_FUTURE_WRITE is set; if so, do proper check/handling on * the vma flags. Return 0 if check pass, or <0 for errors. */ static inline int seal_check_future_write(int seals, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (seals & F_SEAL_FUTURE_WRITE) { /* * New PROT_WRITE and MAP_SHARED mmaps are not allowed when * "future write" seal active. */ if ((vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) && (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE)) return -EPERM; /* * Since an F_SEAL_FUTURE_WRITE sealed memfd can be mapped as * MAP_SHARED and read-only, take care to not allow mprotect to * revert protections on such mappings. Do this only for shared * mappings. For private mappings, don't need to mask * VM_MAYWRITE as we still want them to be COW-writable. */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) vma->vm_flags &= ~(VM_MAYWRITE); } return 0; } #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #endif /* _LINUX_MM_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_ATOMIC_H #define _ASM_X86_ATOMIC_H #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <asm/alternative.h> #include <asm/cmpxchg.h> #include <asm/rmwcc.h> #include <asm/barrier.h> /* * Atomic operations that C can't guarantee us. Useful for * resource counting etc.. */ /** * arch_atomic_read - read atomic variable * @v: pointer of type atomic_t * * Atomically reads the value of @v. */ static __always_inline int arch_atomic_read(const atomic_t *v) { /* * Note for KASAN: we deliberately don't use READ_ONCE_NOCHECK() here, * it's non-inlined function that increases binary size and stack usage. */ return __READ_ONCE((v)->counter); } /** * arch_atomic_set - set atomic variable * @v: pointer of type atomic_t * @i: required value * * Atomically sets the value of @v to @i. */ static __always_inline void arch_atomic_set(atomic_t *v, int i) { __WRITE_ONCE(v->counter, i); } /** * arch_atomic_add - add integer to atomic variable * @i: integer value to add * @v: pointer of type atomic_t * * Atomically adds @i to @v. */ static __always_inline void arch_atomic_add(int i, atomic_t *v) { asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "addl %1,%0" : "+m" (v->counter) : "ir" (i) : "memory"); } /** * arch_atomic_sub - subtract integer from atomic variable * @i: integer value to subtract * @v: pointer of type atomic_t * * Atomically subtracts @i from @v. */ static __always_inline void arch_atomic_sub(int i, atomic_t *v) { asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "subl %1,%0" : "+m" (v->counter) : "ir" (i) : "memory"); } /** * arch_atomic_sub_and_test - subtract value from variable and test result * @i: integer value to subtract * @v: pointer of type atomic_t * * Atomically subtracts @i from @v and returns * true if the result is zero, or false for all * other cases. */ static __always_inline bool arch_atomic_sub_and_test(int i, atomic_t *v) { return GEN_BINARY_RMWcc(LOCK_PREFIX "subl", v->counter, e, "er", i); } #define arch_atomic_sub_and_test arch_atomic_sub_and_test /** * arch_atomic_inc - increment atomic variable * @v: pointer of type atomic_t * * Atomically increments @v by 1. */ static __always_inline void arch_atomic_inc(atomic_t *v) { asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "incl %0" : "+m" (v->counter) :: "memory"); } #define arch_atomic_inc arch_atomic_inc /** * arch_atomic_dec - decrement atomic variable * @v: pointer of type atomic_t * * Atomically decrements @v by 1. */ static __always_inline void arch_atomic_dec(atomic_t *v) { asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "decl %0" : "+m" (v->counter) :: "memory"); } #define arch_atomic_dec arch_atomic_dec /** * arch_atomic_dec_and_test - decrement and test * @v: pointer of type atomic_t * * Atomically decrements @v by 1 and * returns true if the result is 0, or false for all other * cases. */ static __always_inline bool arch_atomic_dec_and_test(atomic_t *v) { return GEN_UNARY_RMWcc(LOCK_PREFIX "decl", v->counter, e); } #define arch_atomic_dec_and_test arch_atomic_dec_and_test /** * arch_atomic_inc_and_test - increment and test * @v: pointer of type atomic_t * * Atomically increments @v by 1 * and returns true if the result is zero, or false for all * other cases. */ static __always_inline bool arch_atomic_inc_and_test(atomic_t *v) { return GEN_UNARY_RMWcc(LOCK_PREFIX "incl", v->counter, e); } #define arch_atomic_inc_and_test arch_atomic_inc_and_test /** * arch_atomic_add_negative - add and test if negative * @i: integer value to add * @v: pointer of type atomic_t * * Atomically adds @i to @v and returns true * if the result is negative, or false when * result is greater than or equal to zero. */ static __always_inline bool arch_atomic_add_negative(int i, atomic_t *v) { return GEN_BINARY_RMWcc(LOCK_PREFIX "addl", v->counter, s, "er", i); } #define arch_atomic_add_negative arch_atomic_add_negative /** * arch_atomic_add_return - add integer and return * @i: integer value to add * @v: pointer of type atomic_t * * Atomically adds @i to @v and returns @i + @v */ static __always_inline int arch_atomic_add_return(int i, atomic_t *v) { return i + xadd(&v->counter, i); } #define arch_atomic_add_return arch_atomic_add_return /** * arch_atomic_sub_return - subtract integer and return * @v: pointer of type atomic_t * @i: integer value to subtract * * Atomically subtracts @i from @v and returns @v - @i */ static __always_inline int arch_atomic_sub_return(int i, atomic_t *v) { return arch_atomic_add_return(-i, v); } #define arch_atomic_sub_return arch_atomic_sub_return static __always_inline int arch_atomic_fetch_add(int i, atomic_t *v) { return xadd(&v->counter, i); } #define arch_atomic_fetch_add arch_atomic_fetch_add static __always_inline int arch_atomic_fetch_sub(int i, atomic_t *v) { return xadd(&v->counter, -i); } #define arch_atomic_fetch_sub arch_atomic_fetch_sub static __always_inline int arch_atomic_cmpxchg(atomic_t *v, int old, int new) { return arch_cmpxchg(&v->counter, old, new); } #define arch_atomic_cmpxchg arch_atomic_cmpxchg static __always_inline bool arch_atomic_try_cmpxchg(atomic_t *v, int *old, int new) { return try_cmpxchg(&v->counter, old, new); } #define arch_atomic_try_cmpxchg arch_atomic_try_cmpxchg static __always_inline int arch_atomic_xchg(atomic_t *v, int new) { return arch_xchg(&v->counter, new); } #define arch_atomic_xchg arch_atomic_xchg static __always_inline void arch_atomic_and(int i, atomic_t *v) { asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "andl %1,%0" : "+m" (v->counter) : "ir" (i) : "memory"); } static __always_inline int arch_atomic_fetch_and(int i, atomic_t *v) { int val = arch_atomic_read(v); do { } while (!arch_atomic_try_cmpxchg(v, &val, val & i)); return val; } #define arch_atomic_fetch_and arch_atomic_fetch_and static __always_inline void arch_atomic_or(int i, atomic_t *v) { asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "orl %1,%0" : "+m" (v->counter) : "ir" (i) : "memory"); } static __always_inline int arch_atomic_fetch_or(int i, atomic_t *v) { int val = arch_atomic_read(v); do { } while (!arch_atomic_try_cmpxchg(v, &val, val | i)); return val; } #define arch_atomic_fetch_or arch_atomic_fetch_or static __always_inline void arch_atomic_xor(int i, atomic_t *v) { asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "xorl %1,%0" : "+m" (v->counter) : "ir" (i) : "memory"); } static __always_inline int arch_atomic_fetch_xor(int i, atomic_t *v) { int val = arch_atomic_read(v); do { } while (!arch_atomic_try_cmpxchg(v, &val, val ^ i)); return val; } #define arch_atomic_fetch_xor arch_atomic_fetch_xor #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 # include <asm/atomic64_32.h> #else # include <asm/atomic64_64.h> #endif #define ARCH_ATOMIC #endif /* _ASM_X86_ATOMIC_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Definitions of structures and functions for quota formats using trie */ #ifndef _LINUX_DQBLK_QTREE_H #define _LINUX_DQBLK_QTREE_H #include <linux/types.h> /* Numbers of blocks needed for updates - we count with the smallest * possible block size (1024) */ #define QTREE_INIT_ALLOC 4 #define QTREE_INIT_REWRITE 2 #define QTREE_DEL_ALLOC 0 #define QTREE_DEL_REWRITE 6 struct dquot; struct kqid; /* Operations */ struct qtree_fmt_operations { void (*mem2disk_dqblk)(void *disk, struct dquot *dquot); /* Convert given entry from in memory format to disk one */ void (*disk2mem_dqblk)(struct dquot *dquot, void *disk); /* Convert given entry from disk format to in memory one */ int (*is_id)(void *disk, struct dquot *dquot); /* Is this structure for given id? */ }; /* Inmemory copy of version specific information */ struct qtree_mem_dqinfo { struct super_block *dqi_sb; /* Sb quota is on */ int dqi_type; /* Quota type */ unsigned int dqi_blocks; /* # of blocks in quota file */ unsigned int dqi_free_blk; /* First block in list of free blocks */ unsigned int dqi_free_entry; /* First block with free entry */ unsigned int dqi_blocksize_bits; /* Block size of quota file */ unsigned int dqi_entry_size; /* Size of quota entry in quota file */ unsigned int dqi_usable_bs; /* Space usable in block for quota data */ unsigned int dqi_qtree_depth; /* Precomputed depth of quota tree */ const struct qtree_fmt_operations *dqi_ops; /* Operations for entry manipulation */ }; int qtree_write_dquot(struct qtree_mem_dqinfo *info, struct dquot *dquot); int qtree_read_dquot(struct qtree_mem_dqinfo *info, struct dquot *dquot); int qtree_delete_dquot(struct qtree_mem_dqinfo *info, struct dquot *dquot); int qtree_release_dquot(struct qtree_mem_dqinfo *info, struct dquot *dquot); int qtree_entry_unused(struct qtree_mem_dqinfo *info, char *disk); static inline int qtree_depth(struct qtree_mem_dqinfo *info) { unsigned int epb = info->dqi_usable_bs >> 2; unsigned long long entries = epb; int i; for (i = 1; entries < (1ULL << 32); i++) entries *= epb; return i; } int qtree_get_next_id(struct qtree_mem_dqinfo *info, struct kqid *qid); #endif /* _LINUX_DQBLK_QTREE_H */
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SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM ext4 #if !defined(_TRACE_EXT4_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_EXT4_H #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> struct ext4_allocation_context; struct ext4_allocation_request; struct ext4_extent; struct ext4_prealloc_space; struct ext4_inode_info; struct mpage_da_data; struct ext4_map_blocks; struct extent_status; struct ext4_fsmap; struct partial_cluster; #define EXT4_I(inode) (container_of(inode, struct ext4_inode_info, vfs_inode)) #define show_mballoc_flags(flags) __print_flags(flags, "|", \ { EXT4_MB_HINT_MERGE, "HINT_MERGE" }, \ { EXT4_MB_HINT_RESERVED, "HINT_RESV" }, \ { EXT4_MB_HINT_METADATA, "HINT_MDATA" }, \ { EXT4_MB_HINT_FIRST, "HINT_FIRST" }, \ { EXT4_MB_HINT_BEST, "HINT_BEST" }, \ { EXT4_MB_HINT_DATA, "HINT_DATA" }, \ { EXT4_MB_HINT_NOPREALLOC, "HINT_NOPREALLOC" }, \ { EXT4_MB_HINT_GROUP_ALLOC, "HINT_GRP_ALLOC" }, \ { EXT4_MB_HINT_GOAL_ONLY, "HINT_GOAL_ONLY" }, \ { EXT4_MB_HINT_TRY_GOAL, "HINT_TRY_GOAL" }, \ { EXT4_MB_DELALLOC_RESERVED, "DELALLOC_RESV" }, \ { EXT4_MB_STREAM_ALLOC, "STREAM_ALLOC" }, \ { EXT4_MB_USE_ROOT_BLOCKS, "USE_ROOT_BLKS" }, \ { EXT4_MB_USE_RESERVED, "USE_RESV" }, \ { EXT4_MB_STRICT_CHECK, "STRICT_CHECK" }) #define show_map_flags(flags) __print_flags(flags, "|", \ { EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE, "CREATE" }, \ { EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_UNWRIT_EXT, "UNWRIT" }, \ { EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_DELALLOC_RESERVE, "DELALLOC" }, \ { EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO, "PRE_IO" }, \ { EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT, "CONVERT" }, \ { EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_METADATA_NOFAIL, "METADATA_NOFAIL" }, \ { EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_NO_NORMALIZE, "NO_NORMALIZE" }, \ { EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT_UNWRITTEN, "CONVERT_UNWRITTEN" }, \ { EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_ZERO, "ZERO" }, \ { EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_IO_SUBMIT, "IO_SUBMIT" }, \ { EXT4_EX_NOCACHE, "EX_NOCACHE" }) /* * __print_flags() requires that all enum values be wrapped in the * TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM macro so that the enum value can be encoded in the ftrace * ring buffer. */ TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(BH_New); TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(BH_Mapped); TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(BH_Unwritten); TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(BH_Boundary); #define show_mflags(flags) __print_flags(flags, "", \ { EXT4_MAP_NEW, "N" }, \ { EXT4_MAP_MAPPED, "M" }, \ { EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN, "U" }, \ { EXT4_MAP_BOUNDARY, "B" }) #define show_free_flags(flags) __print_flags(flags, "|", \ { EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_METADATA, "METADATA" }, \ { EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_FORGET, "FORGET" }, \ { EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_VALIDATED, "VALIDATED" }, \ { EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_NO_QUOT_UPDATE, "NO_QUOTA" }, \ { EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_NOFREE_FIRST_CLUSTER,"1ST_CLUSTER" },\ { EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_NOFREE_LAST_CLUSTER, "LAST_CLUSTER" }) TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(ES_WRITTEN_B); TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(ES_UNWRITTEN_B); TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(ES_DELAYED_B); TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(ES_HOLE_B); TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(ES_REFERENCED_B); #define show_extent_status(status) __print_flags(status, "", \ { EXTENT_STATUS_WRITTEN, "W" }, \ { EXTENT_STATUS_UNWRITTEN, "U" }, \ { EXTENT_STATUS_DELAYED, "D" }, \ { EXTENT_STATUS_HOLE, "H" }, \ { EXTENT_STATUS_REFERENCED, "R" }) #define show_falloc_mode(mode) __print_flags(mode, "|", \ { FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE, "KEEP_SIZE"}, \ { FALLOC_FL_PUNCH_HOLE, "PUNCH_HOLE"}, \ { FALLOC_FL_NO_HIDE_STALE, "NO_HIDE_STALE"}, \ { FALLOC_FL_COLLAPSE_RANGE, "COLLAPSE_RANGE"}, \ { FALLOC_FL_ZERO_RANGE, "ZERO_RANGE"}) #define show_fc_reason(reason) \ __print_symbolic(reason, \ { EXT4_FC_REASON_XATTR, "XATTR"}, \ { EXT4_FC_REASON_CROSS_RENAME, "CROSS_RENAME"}, \ { EXT4_FC_REASON_JOURNAL_FLAG_CHANGE, "JOURNAL_FLAG_CHANGE"}, \ { EXT4_FC_REASON_NOMEM, "NO_MEM"}, \ { EXT4_FC_REASON_SWAP_BOOT, "SWAP_BOOT"}, \ { EXT4_FC_REASON_RESIZE, "RESIZE"}, \ { EXT4_FC_REASON_RENAME_DIR, "RENAME_DIR"}, \ { EXT4_FC_REASON_FALLOC_RANGE, "FALLOC_RANGE"}, \ { EXT4_FC_REASON_INODE_JOURNAL_DATA, "INODE_JOURNAL_DATA"}) TRACE_EVENT(ext4_other_inode_update_time, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, ino_t orig_ino), TP_ARGS(inode, orig_ino), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( ino_t, orig_ino ) __field( uid_t, uid ) __field( gid_t, gid ) __field( __u16, mode ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->orig_ino = orig_ino; __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->uid = i_uid_read(inode); __entry->gid = i_gid_read(inode); __entry->mode = inode->i_mode; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d orig_ino %lu ino %lu mode 0%o uid %u gid %u", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->orig_ino, (unsigned long) __entry->ino, __entry->mode, __entry->uid, __entry->gid) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_free_inode, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode), TP_ARGS(inode), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( uid_t, uid ) __field( gid_t, gid ) __field( __u64, blocks ) __field( __u16, mode ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->uid = i_uid_read(inode); __entry->gid = i_gid_read(inode); __entry->blocks = inode->i_blocks; __entry->mode = inode->i_mode; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu mode 0%o uid %u gid %u blocks %llu", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, __entry->mode, __entry->uid, __entry->gid, __entry->blocks) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_request_inode, TP_PROTO(struct inode *dir, int mode), TP_ARGS(dir, mode), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, dir ) __field( __u16, mode ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = dir->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->dir = dir->i_ino; __entry->mode = mode; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d dir %lu mode 0%o", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->dir, __entry->mode) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_allocate_inode, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct inode *dir, int mode), TP_ARGS(inode, dir, mode), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( ino_t, dir ) __field( __u16, mode ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->dir = dir->i_ino; __entry->mode = mode; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu dir %lu mode 0%o", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, (unsigned long) __entry->dir, __entry->mode) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_evict_inode, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode), TP_ARGS(inode), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( int, nlink ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->nlink = inode->i_nlink; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu nlink %d", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, __entry->nlink) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_drop_inode, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, int drop), TP_ARGS(inode, drop), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( int, drop ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->drop = drop; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu drop %d", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, __entry->drop) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_nfs_commit_metadata, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode), TP_ARGS(inode), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_mark_inode_dirty, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(inode, IP), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field(unsigned long, ip ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->ip = IP; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu caller %pS", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, (void *)__entry->ip) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_begin_ordered_truncate, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, loff_t new_size), TP_ARGS(inode, new_size), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( loff_t, new_size ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->new_size = new_size; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu new_size %lld", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, __entry->new_size) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(ext4__write_begin, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, unsigned int len, unsigned int flags), TP_ARGS(inode, pos, len, flags), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( loff_t, pos ) __field( unsigned int, len ) __field( unsigned int, flags ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->pos = pos; __entry->len = len; __entry->flags = flags; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu pos %lld len %u flags %u", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, __entry->pos, __entry->len, __entry->flags) ); DEFINE_EVENT(ext4__write_begin, ext4_write_begin, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, unsigned int len, unsigned int flags), TP_ARGS(inode, pos, len, flags) ); DEFINE_EVENT(ext4__write_begin, ext4_da_write_begin, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, unsigned int len, unsigned int flags), TP_ARGS(inode, pos, len, flags) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(ext4__write_end, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, unsigned int len, unsigned int copied), TP_ARGS(inode, pos, len, copied), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( loff_t, pos ) __field( unsigned int, len ) __field( unsigned int, copied ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->pos = pos; __entry->len = len; __entry->copied = copied; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu pos %lld len %u copied %u", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, __entry->pos, __entry->len, __entry->copied) ); DEFINE_EVENT(ext4__write_end, ext4_write_end, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, unsigned int len, unsigned int copied), TP_ARGS(inode, pos, len, copied) ); DEFINE_EVENT(ext4__write_end, ext4_journalled_write_end, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, unsigned int len, unsigned int copied), TP_ARGS(inode, pos, len, copied) ); DEFINE_EVENT(ext4__write_end, ext4_da_write_end, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, unsigned int len, unsigned int copied), TP_ARGS(inode, pos, len, copied) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_writepages, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc), TP_ARGS(inode, wbc), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( long, nr_to_write ) __field( long, pages_skipped ) __field( loff_t, range_start ) __field( loff_t, range_end ) __field( pgoff_t, writeback_index ) __field( int, sync_mode ) __field( char, for_kupdate ) __field( char, range_cyclic ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->nr_to_write = wbc->nr_to_write; __entry->pages_skipped = wbc->pages_skipped; __entry->range_start = wbc->range_start; __entry->range_end = wbc->range_end; __entry->writeback_index = inode->i_mapping->writeback_index; __entry->sync_mode = wbc->sync_mode; __entry->for_kupdate = wbc->for_kupdate; __entry->range_cyclic = wbc->range_cyclic; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu nr_to_write %ld pages_skipped %ld " "range_start %lld range_end %lld sync_mode %d " "for_kupdate %d range_cyclic %d writeback_index %lu", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, __entry->nr_to_write, __entry->pages_skipped, __entry->range_start, __entry->range_end, __entry->sync_mode, __entry->for_kupdate, __entry->range_cyclic, (unsigned long) __entry->writeback_index) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_da_write_pages, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, pgoff_t first_page, struct writeback_control *wbc), TP_ARGS(inode, first_page, wbc), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( pgoff_t, first_page ) __field( long, nr_to_write ) __field( int, sync_mode ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->first_page = first_page; __entry->nr_to_write = wbc->nr_to_write; __entry->sync_mode = wbc->sync_mode; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu first_page %lu nr_to_write %ld " "sync_mode %d", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, __entry->first_page, __entry->nr_to_write, __entry->sync_mode) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_da_write_pages_extent, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map), TP_ARGS(inode, map), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( __u64, lblk ) __field( __u32, len ) __field( __u32, flags ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->lblk = map->m_lblk; __entry->len = map->m_len; __entry->flags = map->m_flags; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu lblk %llu len %u flags %s", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, __entry->lblk, __entry->len, show_mflags(__entry->flags)) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_writepages_result, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc, int ret, int pages_written), TP_ARGS(inode, wbc, ret, pages_written), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( int, ret ) __field( int, pages_written ) __field( long, pages_skipped ) __field( pgoff_t, writeback_index ) __field( int, sync_mode ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->ret = ret; __entry->pages_written = pages_written; __entry->pages_skipped = wbc->pages_skipped; __entry->writeback_index = inode->i_mapping->writeback_index; __entry->sync_mode = wbc->sync_mode; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu ret %d pages_written %d pages_skipped %ld " "sync_mode %d writeback_index %lu", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, __entry->ret, __entry->pages_written, __entry->pages_skipped, __entry->sync_mode, (unsigned long) __entry->writeback_index) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(ext4__page_op, TP_PROTO(struct page *page), TP_ARGS(page), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( pgoff_t, index ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = page->mapping->host->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = page->mapping->host->i_ino; __entry->index = page->index; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu page_index %lu", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, (unsigned long) __entry->index) ); DEFINE_EVENT(ext4__page_op, ext4_writepage, TP_PROTO(struct page *page), TP_ARGS(page) ); DEFINE_EVENT(ext4__page_op, ext4_readpage, TP_PROTO(struct page *page), TP_ARGS(page) ); DEFINE_EVENT(ext4__page_op, ext4_releasepage, TP_PROTO(struct page *page), TP_ARGS(page) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(ext4_invalidatepage_op, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, unsigned int offset, unsigned int length), TP_ARGS(page, offset, length), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( pgoff_t, index ) __field( unsigned int, offset ) __field( unsigned int, length ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = page->mapping->host->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = page->mapping->host->i_ino; __entry->index = page->index; __entry->offset = offset; __entry->length = length; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu page_index %lu offset %u length %u", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, (unsigned long) __entry->index, __entry->offset, __entry->length) ); DEFINE_EVENT(ext4_invalidatepage_op, ext4_invalidatepage, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, unsigned int offset, unsigned int length), TP_ARGS(page, offset, length) ); DEFINE_EVENT(ext4_invalidatepage_op, ext4_journalled_invalidatepage, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, unsigned int offset, unsigned int length), TP_ARGS(page, offset, length) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_discard_blocks, TP_PROTO(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long long blk, unsigned long long count), TP_ARGS(sb, blk, count), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( __u64, blk ) __field( __u64, count ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = sb->s_dev; __entry->blk = blk; __entry->count = count; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d blk %llu count %llu", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->blk, __entry->count) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(ext4__mb_new_pa, TP_PROTO(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac, struct ext4_prealloc_space *pa), TP_ARGS(ac, pa), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( __u64, pa_pstart ) __field( __u64, pa_lstart ) __field( __u32, pa_len ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = ac->ac_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = ac->ac_inode->i_ino; __entry->pa_pstart = pa->pa_pstart; __entry->pa_lstart = pa->pa_lstart; __entry->pa_len = pa->pa_len; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu pstart %llu len %u lstart %llu", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, __entry->pa_pstart, __entry->pa_len, __entry->pa_lstart) ); DEFINE_EVENT(ext4__mb_new_pa, ext4_mb_new_inode_pa, TP_PROTO(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac, struct ext4_prealloc_space *pa), TP_ARGS(ac, pa) ); DEFINE_EVENT(ext4__mb_new_pa, ext4_mb_new_group_pa, TP_PROTO(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac, struct ext4_prealloc_space *pa), TP_ARGS(ac, pa) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_mb_release_inode_pa, TP_PROTO(struct ext4_prealloc_space *pa, unsigned long long block, unsigned int count), TP_ARGS(pa, block, count), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( __u64, block ) __field( __u32, count ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = pa->pa_inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = pa->pa_inode->i_ino; __entry->block = block; __entry->count = count; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu block %llu count %u", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, __entry->block, __entry->count) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_mb_release_group_pa, TP_PROTO(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_prealloc_space *pa), TP_ARGS(sb, pa), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( __u64, pa_pstart ) __field( __u32, pa_len ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = sb->s_dev; __entry->pa_pstart = pa->pa_pstart; __entry->pa_len = pa->pa_len; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d pstart %llu len %u", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->pa_pstart, __entry->pa_len) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_discard_preallocations, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, unsigned int len, unsigned int needed), TP_ARGS(inode, len, needed), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( unsigned int, len ) __field( unsigned int, needed ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->len = len; __entry->needed = needed; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu len: %u needed %u", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, __entry->len, __entry->needed) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_mb_discard_preallocations, TP_PROTO(struct super_block *sb, int needed), TP_ARGS(sb, needed), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( int, needed ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = sb->s_dev; __entry->needed = needed; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d needed %d", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->needed) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_request_blocks, TP_PROTO(struct ext4_allocation_request *ar), TP_ARGS(ar), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( unsigned int, len ) __field( __u32, logical ) __field( __u32, lleft ) __field( __u32, lright ) __field( __u64, goal ) __field( __u64, pleft ) __field( __u64, pright ) __field( unsigned int, flags ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = ar->inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = ar->inode->i_ino; __entry->len = ar->len; __entry->logical = ar->logical; __entry->goal = ar->goal; __entry->lleft = ar->lleft; __entry->lright = ar->lright; __entry->pleft = ar->pleft; __entry->pright = ar->pright; __entry->flags = ar->flags; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu flags %s len %u lblk %u goal %llu " "lleft %u lright %u pleft %llu pright %llu ", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, show_mballoc_flags(__entry->flags), __entry->len, __entry->logical, __entry->goal, __entry->lleft, __entry->lright, __entry->pleft, __entry->pright) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_allocate_blocks, TP_PROTO(struct ext4_allocation_request *ar, unsigned long long block), TP_ARGS(ar, block), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( __u64, block ) __field( unsigned int, len ) __field( __u32, logical ) __field( __u32, lleft ) __field( __u32, lright ) __field( __u64, goal ) __field( __u64, pleft ) __field( __u64, pright ) __field( unsigned int, flags ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = ar->inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = ar->inode->i_ino; __entry->block = block; __entry->len = ar->len; __entry->logical = ar->logical; __entry->goal = ar->goal; __entry->lleft = ar->lleft; __entry->lright = ar->lright; __entry->pleft = ar->pleft; __entry->pright = ar->pright; __entry->flags = ar->flags; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu flags %s len %u block %llu lblk %u " "goal %llu lleft %u lright %u pleft %llu pright %llu", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, show_mballoc_flags(__entry->flags), __entry->len, __entry->block, __entry->logical, __entry->goal, __entry->lleft, __entry->lright, __entry->pleft, __entry->pright) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_free_blocks, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, __u64 block, unsigned long count, int flags), TP_ARGS(inode, block, count, flags), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( __u64, block ) __field( unsigned long, count ) __field( int, flags ) __field( __u16, mode ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->block = block; __entry->count = count; __entry->flags = flags; __entry->mode = inode->i_mode; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu mode 0%o block %llu count %lu flags %s", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, __entry->mode, __entry->block, __entry->count, show_free_flags(__entry->flags)) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_sync_file_enter, TP_PROTO(struct file *file, int datasync), TP_ARGS(file, datasync), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( ino_t, parent ) __field( int, datasync ) ), TP_fast_assign( struct dentry *dentry = file->f_path.dentry; __entry->dev = dentry->d_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = d_inode(dentry)->i_ino; __entry->datasync = datasync; __entry->parent = d_inode(dentry->d_parent)->i_ino; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu parent %lu datasync %d ", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, (unsigned long) __entry->parent, __entry->datasync) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_sync_file_exit, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, int ret), TP_ARGS(inode, ret), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( int, ret ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->ret = ret; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu ret %d", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, __entry->ret) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_sync_fs, TP_PROTO(struct super_block *sb, int wait), TP_ARGS(sb, wait), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( int, wait ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = sb->s_dev; __entry->wait = wait; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d wait %d", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->wait) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_alloc_da_blocks, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode), TP_ARGS(inode), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( unsigned int, data_blocks ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->data_blocks = EXT4_I(inode)->i_reserved_data_blocks; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu reserved_data_blocks %u", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, __entry->data_blocks) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_mballoc_alloc, TP_PROTO(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac), TP_ARGS(ac), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( __u32, orig_logical ) __field( int, orig_start ) __field( __u32, orig_group ) __field( int, orig_len ) __field( __u32, goal_logical ) __field( int, goal_start ) __field( __u32, goal_group ) __field( int, goal_len ) __field( __u32, result_logical ) __field( int, result_start ) __field( __u32, result_group ) __field( int, result_len ) __field( __u16, found ) __field( __u16, groups ) __field( __u16, buddy ) __field( __u16, flags ) __field( __u16, tail ) __field( __u8, cr ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = ac->ac_inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = ac->ac_inode->i_ino; __entry->orig_logical = ac->ac_o_ex.fe_logical; __entry->orig_start = ac->ac_o_ex.fe_start; __entry->orig_group = ac->ac_o_ex.fe_group; __entry->orig_len = ac->ac_o_ex.fe_len; __entry->goal_logical = ac->ac_g_ex.fe_logical; __entry->goal_start = ac->ac_g_ex.fe_start; __entry->goal_group = ac->ac_g_ex.fe_group; __entry->goal_len = ac->ac_g_ex.fe_len; __entry->result_logical = ac->ac_f_ex.fe_logical; __entry->result_start = ac->ac_f_ex.fe_start; __entry->result_group = ac->ac_f_ex.fe_group; __entry->result_len = ac->ac_f_ex.fe_len; __entry->found = ac->ac_found; __entry->flags = ac->ac_flags; __entry->groups = ac->ac_groups_scanned; __entry->buddy = ac->ac_buddy; __entry->tail = ac->ac_tail; __entry->cr = ac->ac_criteria; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d inode %lu orig %u/%d/%u@%u goal %u/%d/%u@%u " "result %u/%d/%u@%u blks %u grps %u cr %u flags %s " "tail %u broken %u", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, __entry->orig_group, __entry->orig_start, __entry->orig_len, __entry->orig_logical, __entry->goal_group, __entry->goal_start, __entry->goal_len, __entry->goal_logical, __entry->result_group, __entry->result_start, __entry->result_len, __entry->result_logical, __entry->found, __entry->groups, __entry->cr, show_mballoc_flags(__entry->flags), __entry->tail, __entry->buddy ? 1 << __entry->buddy : 0) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_mballoc_prealloc, TP_PROTO(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac), TP_ARGS(ac), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( __u32, orig_logical ) __field( int, orig_start ) __field( __u32, orig_group ) __field( int, orig_len ) __field( __u32, result_logical ) __field( int, result_start ) __field( __u32, result_group ) __field( int, result_len ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = ac->ac_inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = ac->ac_inode->i_ino; __entry->orig_logical = ac->ac_o_ex.fe_logical; __entry->orig_start = ac->ac_o_ex.fe_start; __entry->orig_group = ac->ac_o_ex.fe_group; __entry->orig_len = ac->ac_o_ex.fe_len; __entry->result_logical = ac->ac_b_ex.fe_logical; __entry->result_start = ac->ac_b_ex.fe_start; __entry->result_group = ac->ac_b_ex.fe_group; __entry->result_len = ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d inode %lu orig %u/%d/%u@%u result %u/%d/%u@%u", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, __entry->orig_group, __entry->orig_start, __entry->orig_len, __entry->orig_logical, __entry->result_group, __entry->result_start, __entry->result_len, __entry->result_logical) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(ext4__mballoc, TP_PROTO(struct super_block *sb, struct inode *inode, ext4_group_t group, ext4_grpblk_t start, ext4_grpblk_t len), TP_ARGS(sb, inode, group, start, len), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( int, result_start ) __field( __u32, result_group ) __field( int, result_len ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode ? inode->i_ino : 0; __entry->result_start = start; __entry->result_group = group; __entry->result_len = len; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d inode %lu extent %u/%d/%d ", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, __entry->result_group, __entry->result_start, __entry->result_len) ); DEFINE_EVENT(ext4__mballoc, ext4_mballoc_discard, TP_PROTO(struct super_block *sb, struct inode *inode, ext4_group_t group, ext4_grpblk_t start, ext4_grpblk_t len), TP_ARGS(sb, inode, group, start, len) ); DEFINE_EVENT(ext4__mballoc, ext4_mballoc_free, TP_PROTO(struct super_block *sb, struct inode *inode, ext4_group_t group, ext4_grpblk_t start, ext4_grpblk_t len), TP_ARGS(sb, inode, group, start, len) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_forget, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, int is_metadata, __u64 block), TP_ARGS(inode, is_metadata, block), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( __u64, block ) __field( int, is_metadata ) __field( __u16, mode ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->block = block; __entry->is_metadata = is_metadata; __entry->mode = inode->i_mode; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu mode 0%o is_metadata %d block %llu", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, __entry->mode, __entry->is_metadata, __entry->block) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_da_update_reserve_space, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, int used_blocks, int quota_claim), TP_ARGS(inode, used_blocks, quota_claim), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( __u64, i_blocks ) __field( int, used_blocks ) __field( int, reserved_data_blocks ) __field( int, quota_claim ) __field( __u16, mode ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->i_blocks = inode->i_blocks; __entry->used_blocks = used_blocks; __entry->reserved_data_blocks = EXT4_I(inode)->i_reserved_data_blocks; __entry->quota_claim = quota_claim; __entry->mode = inode->i_mode; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu mode 0%o i_blocks %llu used_blocks %d " "reserved_data_blocks %d quota_claim %d", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, __entry->mode, __entry->i_blocks, __entry->used_blocks, __entry->reserved_data_blocks, __entry->quota_claim) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_da_reserve_space, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode), TP_ARGS(inode), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( __u64, i_blocks ) __field( int, reserved_data_blocks ) __field( __u16, mode ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->i_blocks = inode->i_blocks; __entry->reserved_data_blocks = EXT4_I(inode)->i_reserved_data_blocks; __entry->mode = inode->i_mode; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu mode 0%o i_blocks %llu " "reserved_data_blocks %d", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, __entry->mode, __entry->i_blocks, __entry->reserved_data_blocks) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_da_release_space, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, int freed_blocks), TP_ARGS(inode, freed_blocks), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( __u64, i_blocks ) __field( int, freed_blocks ) __field( int, reserved_data_blocks ) __field( __u16, mode ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->i_blocks = inode->i_blocks; __entry->freed_blocks = freed_blocks; __entry->reserved_data_blocks = EXT4_I(inode)->i_reserved_data_blocks; __entry->mode = inode->i_mode; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu mode 0%o i_blocks %llu freed_blocks %d " "reserved_data_blocks %d", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, __entry->mode, __entry->i_blocks, __entry->freed_blocks, __entry->reserved_data_blocks) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(ext4__bitmap_load, TP_PROTO(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long group), TP_ARGS(sb, group), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( __u32, group ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = sb->s_dev; __entry->group = group; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d group %u", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->group) ); DEFINE_EVENT(ext4__bitmap_load, ext4_mb_bitmap_load, TP_PROTO(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long group), TP_ARGS(sb, group) ); DEFINE_EVENT(ext4__bitmap_load, ext4_mb_buddy_bitmap_load, TP_PROTO(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long group), TP_ARGS(sb, group) ); DEFINE_EVENT(ext4__bitmap_load, ext4_load_inode_bitmap, TP_PROTO(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long group), TP_ARGS(sb, group) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_read_block_bitmap_load, TP_PROTO(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long group, bool prefetch), TP_ARGS(sb, group, prefetch), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( __u32, group ) __field( bool, prefetch ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = sb->s_dev; __entry->group = group; __entry->prefetch = prefetch; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d group %u prefetch %d", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->group, __entry->prefetch) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_direct_IO_enter, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, unsigned long len, int rw), TP_ARGS(inode, offset, len, rw), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( loff_t, pos ) __field( unsigned long, len ) __field( int, rw ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->pos = offset; __entry->len = len; __entry->rw = rw; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu pos %lld len %lu rw %d", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, __entry->pos, __entry->len, __entry->rw) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_direct_IO_exit, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, unsigned long len, int rw, int ret), TP_ARGS(inode, offset, len, rw, ret), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( loff_t, pos ) __field( unsigned long, len ) __field( int, rw ) __field( int, ret ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->pos = offset; __entry->len = len; __entry->rw = rw; __entry->ret = ret; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu pos %lld len %lu rw %d ret %d", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, __entry->pos, __entry->len, __entry->rw, __entry->ret) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(ext4__fallocate_mode, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t len, int mode), TP_ARGS(inode, offset, len, mode), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( loff_t, offset ) __field( loff_t, len ) __field( int, mode ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->offset = offset; __entry->len = len; __entry->mode = mode; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu offset %lld len %lld mode %s", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, __entry->offset, __entry->len, show_falloc_mode(__entry->mode)) ); DEFINE_EVENT(ext4__fallocate_mode, ext4_fallocate_enter, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t len, int mode), TP_ARGS(inode, offset, len, mode) ); DEFINE_EVENT(ext4__fallocate_mode, ext4_punch_hole, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t len, int mode), TP_ARGS(inode, offset, len, mode) ); DEFINE_EVENT(ext4__fallocate_mode, ext4_zero_range, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t len, int mode), TP_ARGS(inode, offset, len, mode) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_fallocate_exit, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, unsigned int max_blocks, int ret), TP_ARGS(inode, offset, max_blocks, ret), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( loff_t, pos ) __field( unsigned int, blocks ) __field( int, ret