1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * AEAD: Authenticated Encryption with Associated Data * * Copyright (c) 2007-2015 Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au> */ #ifndef _CRYPTO_INTERNAL_AEAD_H #define _CRYPTO_INTERNAL_AEAD_H #include <crypto/aead.h> #include <crypto/algapi.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/types.h> struct rtattr; struct aead_instance { void (*free)(struct aead_instance *inst); union { struct { char head[offsetof(struct aead_alg, base)]; struct crypto_instance base; } s; struct aead_alg alg; }; }; struct crypto_aead_spawn { struct crypto_spawn base; }; struct aead_queue { struct crypto_queue base; }; static inline void *crypto_aead_ctx(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_ctx(&tfm->base); } static inline struct crypto_instance *aead_crypto_instance( struct aead_instance *inst) { return container_of(&inst->alg.base, struct crypto_instance, alg); } static inline struct aead_instance *aead_instance(struct crypto_instance *inst) { return container_of(&inst->alg, struct aead_instance, alg.base); } static inline struct aead_instance *aead_alg_instance(struct crypto_aead *aead) { return aead_instance(crypto_tfm_alg_instance(&aead->base)); } static inline void *aead_instance_ctx(struct aead_instance *inst) { return crypto_instance_ctx(aead_crypto_instance(inst)); } static inline void *aead_request_ctx(struct aead_request *req) { return req->__ctx; } static inline void aead_request_complete(struct aead_request *req, int err) { req->base.complete(&req->base, err); } static inline u32 aead_request_flags(struct aead_request *req) { return req->base.flags; } static inline struct aead_request *aead_request_cast( struct crypto_async_request *req) { return container_of(req, struct aead_request, base); } int crypto_grab_aead(struct crypto_aead_spawn *spawn, struct crypto_instance *inst, const char *name, u32 type, u32 mask); static inline void crypto_drop_aead(struct crypto_aead_spawn *spawn) { crypto_drop_spawn(&spawn->base); } static inline struct aead_alg *crypto_spawn_aead_alg( struct crypto_aead_spawn *spawn) { return container_of(spawn->base.alg, struct aead_alg, base); } static inline struct crypto_aead *crypto_spawn_aead( struct crypto_aead_spawn *spawn) { return crypto_spawn_tfm2(&spawn->base); } static inline void crypto_aead_set_reqsize(struct crypto_aead *aead, unsigned int reqsize) { aead->reqsize = reqsize; } static inline void aead_init_queue(struct aead_queue *queue, unsigned int max_qlen) { crypto_init_queue(&queue->base, max_qlen); } static inline int aead_enqueue_request(struct aead_queue *queue, struct aead_request *request) { return crypto_enqueue_request(&queue->base, &request->base); } static inline struct aead_request *aead_dequeue_request( struct aead_queue *queue) { struct crypto_async_request *req; req = crypto_dequeue_request(&queue->base); return req ? container_of(req, struct aead_request, base) : NULL; } static inline struct aead_request *aead_get_backlog(struct aead_queue *queue) { struct crypto_async_request *req; req = crypto_get_backlog(&queue->base); return req ? container_of(req, struct aead_request, base) : NULL; } static inline unsigned int crypto_aead_alg_chunksize(struct aead_alg *alg) { return alg->chunksize; } /** * crypto_aead_chunksize() - obtain chunk size * @tfm: cipher handle * * The block size is set to one for ciphers such as CCM. However, * you still need to provide incremental updates in multiples of * the underlying block size as the IV does not have sub-block * granularity. This is known in this API as the chunk size. * * Return: chunk size in bytes */ static inline unsigned int crypto_aead_chunksize(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { return crypto_aead_alg_chunksize(crypto_aead_alg(tfm)); } int crypto_register_aead(struct aead_alg *alg); void crypto_unregister_aead(struct aead_alg *alg); int crypto_register_aeads(struct aead_alg *algs, int count); void crypto_unregister_aeads(struct aead_alg *algs, int count); int aead_register_instance(struct crypto_template *tmpl, struct aead_instance *inst); #endif /* _CRYPTO_INTERNAL_AEAD_H */
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __ASM_PREEMPT_H #define __ASM_PREEMPT_H #include <asm/rmwcc.h> #include <asm/percpu.h> #include <linux/thread_info.h> DECLARE_PER_CPU(int, __preempt_count); /* We use the MSB mostly because its available */ #define PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED 0x80000000 /* * We use the PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED bit as an inverted NEED_RESCHED such * that a decrement hitting 0 means we can and should reschedule. */ #define PREEMPT_ENABLED (0 + PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED) /* * We mask the PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED bit so as not to confuse all current users * that think a non-zero value indicates we cannot preempt. */ static __always_inline int preempt_count(void) { return raw_cpu_read_4(__preempt_count) & ~PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED; } static __always_inline void preempt_count_set(int pc) { int old, new; do { old = raw_cpu_read_4(__preempt_count); new = (old & PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED) | (pc & ~PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED); } while (raw_cpu_cmpxchg_4(__preempt_count, old, new) != old); } /* * must be macros to avoid header recursion hell */ #define init_task_preempt_count(p) do { } while (0) #define init_idle_preempt_count(p, cpu) do { \ per_cpu(__preempt_count, (cpu)) = PREEMPT_DISABLED; \ } while (0) /* * We fold the NEED_RESCHED bit into the preempt count such that * preempt_enable() can decrement and test for needing to reschedule with a * single instruction. * * We invert the actual bit, so that when the decrement hits 0 we know we both * need to resched (the bit is cleared) and can resched (no preempt count). */ static __always_inline void set_preempt_need_resched(void) { raw_cpu_and_4(__preempt_count, ~PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED); } static __always_inline void clear_preempt_need_resched(void) { raw_cpu_or_4(__preempt_count, PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED); } static __always_inline bool test_preempt_need_resched(void) { return !(raw_cpu_read_4(__preempt_count) & PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED); } /* * The various preempt_count add/sub methods */ static __always_inline void __preempt_count_add(int val) { raw_cpu_add_4(__preempt_count, val); } static __always_inline void __preempt_count_sub(int val) { raw_cpu_add_4(__preempt_count, -val); } /* * Because we keep PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED set when we do _not_ need to reschedule * a decrement which hits zero means we have no preempt_count and should * reschedule. */ static __always_inline bool __preempt_count_dec_and_test(void) { return GEN_UNARY_RMWcc("decl", __preempt_count, e, __percpu_arg([var])); } /* * Returns true when we need to resched and can (barring IRQ state). */ static __always_inline bool should_resched(int preempt_offset) { return unlikely(raw_cpu_read_4(__preempt_count) == preempt_offset); } #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPTION extern asmlinkage void preempt_schedule_thunk(void); # define __preempt_schedule() \ asm volatile ("call preempt_schedule_thunk" : ASM_CALL_CONSTRAINT) extern asmlinkage void preempt_schedule(void); extern asmlinkage void preempt_schedule_notrace_thunk(void); # define __preempt_schedule_notrace() \ asm volatile ("call preempt_schedule_notrace_thunk" : ASM_CALL_CONSTRAINT) extern asmlinkage void preempt_schedule_notrace(void); #endif #endif /* __ASM_PREEMPT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #include <linux/pm_qos.h> static inline void device_pm_init_common(struct device *dev) { if (!dev->power.early_init) { spin_lock_init(&dev->power.lock); dev->power.qos = NULL; dev->power.early_init = true; } } #ifdef CONFIG_PM static inline void pm_runtime_early_init(struct device *dev) { dev->power.disable_depth = 1; device_pm_init_common(dev); } extern void pm_runtime_init(struct device *dev); extern void pm_runtime_reinit(struct device *dev); extern void pm_runtime_remove(struct device *dev); extern u64 pm_runtime_active_time(struct device *dev); #define WAKE_IRQ_DEDICATED_ALLOCATED BIT(0) #define WAKE_IRQ_DEDICATED_MANAGED BIT(1) #define WAKE_IRQ_DEDICATED_MASK (WAKE_IRQ_DEDICATED_ALLOCATED | \ WAKE_IRQ_DEDICATED_MANAGED) struct wake_irq { struct device *dev; unsigned int status; int irq; const char *name; }; extern void dev_pm_arm_wake_irq(struct wake_irq *wirq); extern void dev_pm_disarm_wake_irq(struct wake_irq *wirq); extern void dev_pm_enable_wake_irq_check(struct device *dev, bool can_change_status); extern void dev_pm_disable_wake_irq_check(struct device *dev); #ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP extern void device_wakeup_attach_irq(struct device *dev, struct wake_irq *wakeirq); extern void device_wakeup_detach_irq(struct device *dev); extern void device_wakeup_arm_wake_irqs(void); extern void device_wakeup_disarm_wake_irqs(void); #else static inline void device_wakeup_attach_irq(struct device *dev, struct wake_irq *wakeirq) {} static inline void device_wakeup_detach_irq(struct device *dev) { } #endif /* CONFIG_PM_SLEEP */ /* * sysfs.c */ extern int dpm_sysfs_add(struct device *dev); extern void dpm_sysfs_remove(struct device *dev); extern void rpm_sysfs_remove(struct device *dev); extern int wakeup_sysfs_add(struct device *dev); extern void wakeup_sysfs_remove(struct device *dev); extern int pm_qos_sysfs_add_resume_latency(struct device *dev); extern void pm_qos_sysfs_remove_resume_latency(struct device *dev); extern int pm_qos_sysfs_add_flags(struct device *dev); extern void pm_qos_sysfs_remove_flags(struct device *dev); extern int pm_qos_sysfs_add_latency_tolerance(struct device *dev); extern void pm_qos_sysfs_remove_latency_tolerance(struct device *dev); extern int dpm_sysfs_change_owner(struct device *dev, kuid_t kuid, kgid_t kgid); #else /* CONFIG_PM */ static inline void pm_runtime_early_init(struct device *dev) { device_pm_init_common(dev); } static inline void pm_runtime_init(struct device *dev) {} static inline void pm_runtime_reinit(struct device *dev) {} static inline void pm_runtime_remove(struct device *dev) {} static inline int dpm_sysfs_add(struct device *dev) { return 0; } static inline void dpm_sysfs_remove(struct device *dev) {} static inline int dpm_sysfs_change_owner(struct device *dev, kuid_t kuid, kgid_t kgid) { return 0; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP /* kernel/power/main.c */ extern int pm_async_enabled; /* drivers/base/power/main.c */ extern struct list_head dpm_list; /* The active device list */ static inline struct device *to_device(struct list_head *entry) { return container_of(entry, struct device, power.entry); } extern void device_pm_sleep_init(struct device *dev); extern void device_pm_add(struct device *); extern void device_pm_remove(struct device *); extern void device_pm_move_before(struct device *, struct device *); extern void device_pm_move_after(struct device *, struct device *); extern void device_pm_move_last(struct device *); extern void device_pm_check_callbacks(struct device *dev); static inline bool device_pm_initialized(struct device *dev) { return dev->power.in_dpm_list; } /* drivers/base/power/wakeup_stats.c */ extern int wakeup_source_sysfs_add(struct device *parent, struct wakeup_source *ws); extern void wakeup_source_sysfs_remove(struct wakeup_source *ws); extern int pm_wakeup_source_sysfs_add(struct device *parent); #else /* !CONFIG_PM_SLEEP */ static inline void device_pm_sleep_init(struct device *dev) {} static inline void device_pm_add(struct device *dev) {} static inline void device_pm_remove(struct device *dev) { pm_runtime_remove(dev); } static inline void device_pm_move_before(struct device *deva, struct device *devb) {} static inline void device_pm_move_after(struct device *deva, struct device *devb) {} static inline void device_pm_move_last(struct device *dev) {} static inline void device_pm_check_callbacks(struct device *dev) {} static inline bool device_pm_initialized(struct device *dev) { return device_is_registered(dev); } static inline int pm_wakeup_source_sysfs_add(struct device *parent) { return 0; } #endif /* !CONFIG_PM_SLEEP */ static inline void device_pm_init(struct device *dev) { device_pm_init_common(dev); device_pm_sleep_init(dev); pm_runtime_init(dev); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _NETFILTER_INGRESS_H_ #define _NETFILTER_INGRESS_H_ #include <linux/netfilter.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #ifdef CONFIG_NETFILTER_INGRESS static inline bool nf_hook_ingress_active(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL if (!static_key_false(&nf_hooks_needed[NFPROTO_NETDEV][NF_NETDEV_INGRESS])) return false; #endif return rcu_access_pointer(skb->dev->nf_hooks_ingress); } /* caller must hold rcu_read_lock */ static inline int nf_hook_ingress(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct nf_hook_entries *e = rcu_dereference(skb->dev->nf_hooks_ingress); struct nf_hook_state state; int ret; /* Must recheck the ingress hook head, in the event it became NULL * after the check in nf_hook_ingress_active evaluated to true. */ if (unlikely(!e)) return 0; nf_hook_state_init(&state, NF_NETDEV_INGRESS, NFPROTO_NETDEV, skb->dev, NULL, NULL, dev_net(skb->dev), NULL); ret = nf_hook_slow(skb, &state, e, 0); if (ret == 0) return -1; return ret; } static inline void nf_hook_ingress_init(struct net_device *dev) { RCU_INIT_POINTER(dev->nf_hooks_ingress, NULL); } #else /* CONFIG_NETFILTER_INGRESS */ static inline int nf_hook_ingress_active(struct sk_buff *skb) { return 0; } static inline int nf_hook_ingress(struct sk_buff *skb) { return 0; } static inline void nf_hook_ingress_init(struct net_device *dev) {} #endif /* CONFIG_NETFILTER_INGRESS */ #endif /* _NETFILTER_INGRESS_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_KDEV_T_H #define _LINUX_KDEV_T_H #include <uapi/linux/kdev_t.h> #define MINORBITS 20 #define MINORMASK ((1U << MINORBITS) - 1) #define MAJOR(dev) ((unsigned int) ((dev) >> MINORBITS)) #define MINOR(dev) ((unsigned int) ((dev) & MINORMASK)) #define MKDEV(ma,mi) (((ma) << MINORBITS) | (mi)) #define print_dev_t(buffer, dev) \ sprintf((buffer), "%u:%u\n", MAJOR(dev), MINOR(dev)) #define format_dev_t(buffer, dev) \ ({ \ sprintf(buffer, "%u:%u", MAJOR(dev), MINOR(dev)); \ buffer; \ }) /* acceptable for old filesystems */ static __always_inline bool old_valid_dev(dev_t dev) { return MAJOR(dev) < 256 && MINOR(dev) < 256; } static __always_inline u16 old_encode_dev(dev_t dev) { return (MAJOR(dev) << 8) | MINOR(dev); } static __always_inline dev_t old_decode_dev(u16 val) { return MKDEV((val >> 8) & 255, val & 255); } static __always_inline u32 new_encode_dev(dev_t dev) { unsigned major = MAJOR(dev); unsigned minor = MINOR(dev); return (minor & 0xff) | (major << 8) | ((minor & ~0xff) << 12); } static __always_inline dev_t new_decode_dev(u32 dev) { unsigned major = (dev & 0xfff00) >> 8; unsigned minor = (dev & 0xff) | ((dev >> 12) & 0xfff00); return MKDEV(major, minor); } static __always_inline u64 huge_encode_dev(dev_t dev) { return new_encode_dev(dev); } static __always_inline dev_t huge_decode_dev(u64 dev) { return new_decode_dev(dev); } static __always_inline int sysv_valid_dev(dev_t dev) { return MAJOR(dev) < (1<<14) && MINOR(dev) < (1<<18); } static __always_inline u32 sysv_encode_dev(dev_t dev) { return MINOR(dev) | (MAJOR(dev) << 18); } static __always_inline unsigned sysv_major(u32 dev) { return (dev >> 18) & 0x3fff; } static __always_inline unsigned sysv_minor(u32 dev) { return dev & 0x3ffff; } #endif
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3622 3623 3624 3625 3626 3627 3628 3629 3630 3631 3632 3633 3634 3635 3636 3637 3638 3639 3640 3641 3642 3643 3644 3645 3646 3647 3648 3649 3650 3651 3652 3653 3654 3655 3656 3657 3658 3659 3660 3661 3662 3663 3664 3665 3666 3667 3668 3669 3670 3671 3672 3673 3674 3675 3676 3677 3678 3679 3680 3681 3682 3683 3684 3685 3686 3687 3688 3689 3690 3691 3692 3693 3694 3695 3696 3697 3698 3699 3700 3701 3702 3703 3704 3705 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * ext4.h * * Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995 * Remy Card (card@masi.ibp.fr) * Laboratoire MASI - Institut Blaise Pascal * Universite Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris VI) * * from * * linux/include/linux/minix_fs.h * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds */ #ifndef _EXT4_H #define _EXT4_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/magic.h> #include <linux/jbd2.h> #include <linux/quota.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/seqlock.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/timer.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/blockgroup_lock.h> #include <linux/percpu_counter.h> #include <linux/ratelimit.h> #include <crypto/hash.h> #include <linux/falloc.h> #include <linux/percpu-rwsem.h> #include <linux/fiemap.h> #ifdef __KERNEL__ #include <linux/compat.h> #endif #include <linux/fscrypt.h> #include <linux/fsverity.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> /* * The fourth extended filesystem constants/structures */ /* * with AGGRESSIVE_CHECK allocator runs consistency checks over * structures. these checks slow things down a lot */ #define AGGRESSIVE_CHECK__ /* * with DOUBLE_CHECK defined mballoc creates persistent in-core * bitmaps, maintains and uses them to check for double allocations */ #define DOUBLE_CHECK__ /* * Define EXT4FS_DEBUG to produce debug messages */ #undef EXT4FS_DEBUG /* * Debug code */ #ifdef EXT4FS_DEBUG #define ext4_debug(f, a...) \ do { \ printk(KERN_DEBUG "EXT4-fs DEBUG (%s, %d): %s:", \ __FILE__, __LINE__, __func__); \ printk(KERN_DEBUG f, ## a); \ } while (0) #else #define ext4_debug(fmt, ...) no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /* * Turn on EXT_DEBUG to enable ext4_ext_show_path/leaf/move in extents.c */ #define EXT_DEBUG__ /* * Dynamic printk for controlled extents debugging. */ #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_DEBUG #define ext_debug(ino, fmt, ...) \ pr_debug("[%s/%d] EXT4-fs (%s): ino %lu: (%s, %d): %s:" fmt, \ current->comm, task_pid_nr(current), \ ino->i_sb->s_id, ino->i_ino, __FILE__, __LINE__, \ __func__, ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define ext_debug(ino, fmt, ...) no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /* data type for block offset of block group */ typedef int ext4_grpblk_t; /* data type for filesystem-wide blocks number */ typedef unsigned long long ext4_fsblk_t; /* data type for file logical block number */ typedef __u32 ext4_lblk_t; /* data type for block group number */ typedef unsigned int ext4_group_t; enum SHIFT_DIRECTION { SHIFT_LEFT = 0, SHIFT_RIGHT, }; /* * Flags used in mballoc's allocation_context flags field. * * Also used to show what's going on for debugging purposes when the * flag field is exported via the traceport interface */ /* prefer goal again. length */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_MERGE 0x0001 /* blocks already reserved */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_RESERVED 0x0002 /* metadata is being allocated */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_METADATA 0x0004 /* first blocks in the file */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_FIRST 0x0008 /* search for the best chunk */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_BEST 0x0010 /* data is being allocated */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_DATA 0x0020 /* don't preallocate (for tails) */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_NOPREALLOC 0x0040 /* allocate for locality group */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_GROUP_ALLOC 0x0080 /* allocate goal blocks or none */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_GOAL_ONLY 0x0100 /* goal is meaningful */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_TRY_GOAL 0x0200 /* blocks already pre-reserved by delayed allocation */ #define EXT4_MB_DELALLOC_RESERVED 0x0400 /* We are doing stream allocation */ #define EXT4_MB_STREAM_ALLOC 0x0800 /* Use reserved root blocks if needed */ #define EXT4_MB_USE_ROOT_BLOCKS 0x1000 /* Use blocks from reserved pool */ #define EXT4_MB_USE_RESERVED 0x2000 /* Do strict check for free blocks while retrying block allocation */ #define EXT4_MB_STRICT_CHECK 0x4000 struct ext4_allocation_request { /* target inode for block we're allocating */ struct inode *inode; /* how many blocks we want to allocate */ unsigned int len; /* logical block in target inode */ ext4_lblk_t logical; /* the closest logical allocated block to the left */ ext4_lblk_t lleft; /* the closest logical allocated block to the right */ ext4_lblk_t lright; /* phys. target (a hint) */ ext4_fsblk_t goal; /* phys. block for the closest logical allocated block to the left */ ext4_fsblk_t pleft; /* phys. block for the closest logical allocated block to the right */ ext4_fsblk_t pright; /* flags. see above EXT4_MB_HINT_* */ unsigned int flags; }; /* * Logical to physical block mapping, used by ext4_map_blocks() * * This structure is used to pass requests into ext4_map_blocks() as * well as to store the information returned by ext4_map_blocks(). It * takes less room on the stack than a struct buffer_head. */ #define EXT4_MAP_NEW BIT(BH_New) #define EXT4_MAP_MAPPED BIT(BH_Mapped) #define EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN BIT(BH_Unwritten) #define EXT4_MAP_BOUNDARY BIT(BH_Boundary) #define EXT4_MAP_FLAGS (EXT4_MAP_NEW | EXT4_MAP_MAPPED |\ EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN | EXT4_MAP_BOUNDARY) struct ext4_map_blocks { ext4_fsblk_t m_pblk; ext4_lblk_t m_lblk; unsigned int m_len; unsigned int m_flags; }; /* * Block validity checking, system zone rbtree. */ struct ext4_system_blocks { struct rb_root root; struct rcu_head rcu; }; /* * Flags for ext4_io_end->flags */ #define EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN 0x0001 struct ext4_io_end_vec { struct list_head list; /* list of io_end_vec */ loff_t offset; /* offset in the file */ ssize_t size; /* size of the extent */ }; /* * For converting unwritten extents on a work queue. 'handle' is used for * buffered writeback. */ typedef struct ext4_io_end { struct list_head list; /* per-file finished IO list */ handle_t *handle; /* handle reserved for extent * conversion */ struct inode *inode; /* file being written to */ struct bio *bio; /* Linked list of completed * bios covering the extent */ unsigned int flag; /* unwritten or not */ atomic_t count; /* reference counter */ struct list_head list_vec; /* list of ext4_io_end_vec */ } ext4_io_end_t; struct ext4_io_submit { struct writeback_control *io_wbc; struct bio *io_bio; ext4_io_end_t *io_end; sector_t io_next_block; }; /* * Special inodes numbers */ #define EXT4_BAD_INO 1 /* Bad blocks inode */ #define EXT4_ROOT_INO 2 /* Root inode */ #define EXT4_USR_QUOTA_INO 3 /* User quota inode */ #define EXT4_GRP_QUOTA_INO 4 /* Group quota inode */ #define EXT4_BOOT_LOADER_INO 5 /* Boot loader inode */ #define EXT4_UNDEL_DIR_INO 6 /* Undelete directory inode */ #define EXT4_RESIZE_INO 7 /* Reserved group descriptors inode */ #define EXT4_JOURNAL_INO 8 /* Journal inode */ /* First non-reserved inode for old ext4 filesystems */ #define EXT4_GOOD_OLD_FIRST_INO 11 /* * Maximal count of links to a file */ #define EXT4_LINK_MAX 65000 /* * Macro-instructions used to manage several block sizes */ #define EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_SIZE 1024 #define EXT4_MAX_BLOCK_SIZE 65536 #define EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_LOG_SIZE 10 #define EXT4_MAX_BLOCK_LOG_SIZE 16 #define EXT4_MAX_CLUSTER_LOG_SIZE 30 #ifdef __KERNEL__ # define EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(s) ((s)->s_blocksize) #else # define EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(s) (EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_SIZE << (s)->s_log_block_size) #endif #define EXT4_ADDR_PER_BLOCK(s) (EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(s) / sizeof(__u32)) #define EXT4_CLUSTER_SIZE(s) (EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(s) << \ EXT4_SB(s)->s_cluster_bits) #ifdef __KERNEL__ # define EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(s) ((s)->s_blocksize_bits) # define EXT4_CLUSTER_BITS(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_cluster_bits) #else # define EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(s) ((s)->s_log_block_size + 10) #endif #ifdef __KERNEL__ #define EXT4_ADDR_PER_BLOCK_BITS(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_addr_per_block_bits) #define EXT4_INODE_SIZE(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_inode_size) #define EXT4_FIRST_INO(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_first_ino) #else #define EXT4_INODE_SIZE(s) (((s)->s_rev_level == EXT4_GOOD_OLD_REV) ? \ EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE : \ (s)->s_inode_size) #define EXT4_FIRST_INO(s) (((s)->s_rev_level == EXT4_GOOD_OLD_REV) ? \ EXT4_GOOD_OLD_FIRST_INO : \ (s)->s_first_ino) #endif #define EXT4_BLOCK_ALIGN(size, blkbits) ALIGN((size), (1 << (blkbits))) #define EXT4_MAX_BLOCKS(size, offset, blkbits) \ ((EXT4_BLOCK_ALIGN(size + offset, blkbits) >> blkbits) - (offset >> \ blkbits)) /* Translate a block number to a cluster number */ #define EXT4_B2C(sbi, blk) ((blk) >> (sbi)->s_cluster_bits) /* Translate a cluster number to a block number */ #define EXT4_C2B(sbi, cluster) ((cluster) << (sbi)->s_cluster_bits) /* Translate # of blks to # of clusters */ #define EXT4_NUM_B2C(sbi, blks) (((blks) + (sbi)->s_cluster_ratio - 1) >> \ (sbi)->s_cluster_bits) /* Mask out the low bits to get the starting block of the cluster */ #define EXT4_PBLK_CMASK(s, pblk) ((pblk) & \ ~((ext4_fsblk_t) (s)->s_cluster_ratio - 1)) #define EXT4_LBLK_CMASK(s, lblk) ((lblk) & \ ~((ext4_lblk_t) (s)->s_cluster_ratio - 1)) /* Fill in the low bits to get the last block of the cluster */ #define EXT4_LBLK_CFILL(sbi, lblk) ((lblk) | \ ((ext4_lblk_t) (sbi)->s_cluster_ratio - 1)) /* Get the cluster offset */ #define EXT4_PBLK_COFF(s, pblk) ((pblk) & \ ((ext4_fsblk_t) (s)->s_cluster_ratio - 1)) #define EXT4_LBLK_COFF(s, lblk) ((lblk) & \ ((ext4_lblk_t) (s)->s_cluster_ratio - 1)) /* * Structure of a blocks group descriptor */ struct ext4_group_desc { __le32 bg_block_bitmap_lo; /* Blocks bitmap block */ __le32 bg_inode_bitmap_lo; /* Inodes bitmap block */ __le32 bg_inode_table_lo; /* Inodes table block */ __le16 bg_free_blocks_count_lo;/* Free blocks count */ __le16 bg_free_inodes_count_lo;/* Free inodes count */ __le16 bg_used_dirs_count_lo; /* Directories count */ __le16 bg_flags; /* EXT4_BG_flags (INODE_UNINIT, etc) */ __le32 bg_exclude_bitmap_lo; /* Exclude bitmap for snapshots */ __le16 bg_block_bitmap_csum_lo;/* crc32c(s_uuid+grp_num+bbitmap) LE */ __le16 bg_inode_bitmap_csum_lo;/* crc32c(s_uuid+grp_num+ibitmap) LE */ __le16 bg_itable_unused_lo; /* Unused inodes count */ __le16 bg_checksum; /* crc16(sb_uuid+group+desc) */ __le32 bg_block_bitmap_hi; /* Blocks bitmap block MSB */ __le32 bg_inode_bitmap_hi; /* Inodes bitmap block MSB */ __le32 bg_inode_table_hi; /* Inodes table block MSB */ __le16 bg_free_blocks_count_hi;/* Free blocks count MSB */ __le16 bg_free_inodes_count_hi;/* Free inodes count MSB */ __le16 bg_used_dirs_count_hi; /* Directories count MSB */ __le16 bg_itable_unused_hi; /* Unused inodes count MSB */ __le32 bg_exclude_bitmap_hi; /* Exclude bitmap block MSB */ __le16 bg_block_bitmap_csum_hi;/* crc32c(s_uuid+grp_num+bbitmap) BE */ __le16 bg_inode_bitmap_csum_hi;/* crc32c(s_uuid+grp_num+ibitmap) BE */ __u32 bg_reserved; }; #define EXT4_BG_INODE_BITMAP_CSUM_HI_END \ (offsetof(struct ext4_group_desc, bg_inode_bitmap_csum_hi) + \ sizeof(__le16)) #define EXT4_BG_BLOCK_BITMAP_CSUM_HI_END \ (offsetof(struct ext4_group_desc, bg_block_bitmap_csum_hi) + \ sizeof(__le16)) /* * Structure of a flex block group info */ struct flex_groups { atomic64_t free_clusters; atomic_t free_inodes; atomic_t used_dirs; }; #define EXT4_BG_INODE_UNINIT 0x0001 /* Inode table/bitmap not in use */ #define EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT 0x0002 /* Block bitmap not in use */ #define EXT4_BG_INODE_ZEROED 0x0004 /* On-disk itable initialized to zero */ /* * Macro-instructions used to manage group descriptors */ #define EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE 32 #define EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT 64 #define EXT4_MAX_DESC_SIZE EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_SIZE #define EXT4_DESC_SIZE(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_desc_size) #ifdef __KERNEL__ # define EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_blocks_per_group) # define EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_clusters_per_group) # define EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_desc_per_block) # define EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_inodes_per_group) # define EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK_BITS(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_desc_per_block_bits) #else # define EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(s) ((s)->s_blocks_per_group) # define EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(s) (EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(s) / EXT4_DESC_SIZE(s)) # define EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(s) ((s)->s_inodes_per_group) #endif /* * Constants relative to the data blocks */ #define EXT4_NDIR_BLOCKS 12 #define EXT4_IND_BLOCK EXT4_NDIR_BLOCKS #define EXT4_DIND_BLOCK (EXT4_IND_BLOCK + 1) #define EXT4_TIND_BLOCK (EXT4_DIND_BLOCK + 1) #define EXT4_N_BLOCKS (EXT4_TIND_BLOCK + 1) /* * Inode flags */ #define EXT4_SECRM_FL 0x00000001 /* Secure deletion */ #define EXT4_UNRM_FL 0x00000002 /* Undelete */ #define EXT4_COMPR_FL 0x00000004 /* Compress file */ #define EXT4_SYNC_FL 0x00000008 /* Synchronous updates */ #define EXT4_IMMUTABLE_FL 0x00000010 /* Immutable file */ #define EXT4_APPEND_FL 0x00000020 /* writes to file may only append */ #define EXT4_NODUMP_FL 0x00000040 /* do not dump file */ #define EXT4_NOATIME_FL 0x00000080 /* do not update atime */ /* Reserved for compression usage... */ #define EXT4_DIRTY_FL 0x00000100 #define EXT4_COMPRBLK_FL 0x00000200 /* One or more compressed clusters */ #define EXT4_NOCOMPR_FL 0x00000400 /* Don't compress */ /* nb: was previously EXT2_ECOMPR_FL */ #define EXT4_ENCRYPT_FL 0x00000800 /* encrypted file */ /* End compression flags --- maybe not all used */ #define EXT4_INDEX_FL 0x00001000 /* hash-indexed directory */ #define EXT4_IMAGIC_FL 0x00002000 /* AFS directory */ #define EXT4_JOURNAL_DATA_FL 0x00004000 /* file data should be journaled */ #define EXT4_NOTAIL_FL 0x00008000 /* file tail should not be merged */ #define EXT4_DIRSYNC_FL 0x00010000 /* dirsync behaviour (directories only) */ #define EXT4_TOPDIR_FL 0x00020000 /* Top of directory hierarchies*/ #define EXT4_HUGE_FILE_FL 0x00040000 /* Set to each huge file */ #define EXT4_EXTENTS_FL 0x00080000 /* Inode uses extents */ #define EXT4_VERITY_FL 0x00100000 /* Verity protected inode */ #define EXT4_EA_INODE_FL 0x00200000 /* Inode used for large EA */ /* 0x00400000 was formerly EXT4_EOFBLOCKS_FL */ #define EXT4_DAX_FL 0x02000000 /* Inode is DAX */ #define EXT4_INLINE_DATA_FL 0x10000000 /* Inode has inline data. */ #define EXT4_PROJINHERIT_FL 0x20000000 /* Create with parents projid */ #define EXT4_CASEFOLD_FL 0x40000000 /* Casefolded directory */ #define EXT4_RESERVED_FL 0x80000000 /* reserved for ext4 lib */ /* User modifiable flags */ #define EXT4_FL_USER_MODIFIABLE (EXT4_SECRM_FL | \ EXT4_UNRM_FL | \ EXT4_COMPR_FL | \ EXT4_SYNC_FL | \ EXT4_IMMUTABLE_FL | \ EXT4_APPEND_FL | \ EXT4_NODUMP_FL | \ EXT4_NOATIME_FL | \ EXT4_JOURNAL_DATA_FL | \ EXT4_NOTAIL_FL | \ EXT4_DIRSYNC_FL | \ EXT4_TOPDIR_FL | \ EXT4_EXTENTS_FL | \ 0x00400000 /* EXT4_EOFBLOCKS_FL */ | \ EXT4_DAX_FL | \ EXT4_PROJINHERIT_FL | \ EXT4_CASEFOLD_FL) /* User visible flags */ #define EXT4_FL_USER_VISIBLE (EXT4_FL_USER_MODIFIABLE | \ EXT4_DIRTY_FL | \ EXT4_COMPRBLK_FL | \ EXT4_NOCOMPR_FL | \ EXT4_ENCRYPT_FL | \ EXT4_INDEX_FL | \ EXT4_VERITY_FL | \ EXT4_INLINE_DATA_FL) /* Flags we can manipulate with through FS_IOC_FSSETXATTR */ #define EXT4_FL_XFLAG_VISIBLE (EXT4_SYNC_FL | \ EXT4_IMMUTABLE_FL | \ EXT4_APPEND_FL | \ EXT4_NODUMP_FL | \ EXT4_NOATIME_FL | \ EXT4_PROJINHERIT_FL | \ EXT4_DAX_FL) /* Flags that should be inherited by new inodes from their parent. */ #define EXT4_FL_INHERITED (EXT4_SECRM_FL | EXT4_UNRM_FL | EXT4_COMPR_FL |\ EXT4_SYNC_FL | EXT4_NODUMP_FL | EXT4_NOATIME_FL |\ EXT4_NOCOMPR_FL | EXT4_JOURNAL_DATA_FL |\ EXT4_NOTAIL_FL | EXT4_DIRSYNC_FL |\ EXT4_PROJINHERIT_FL | EXT4_CASEFOLD_FL |\ EXT4_DAX_FL) /* Flags that are appropriate for regular files (all but dir-specific ones). */ #define EXT4_REG_FLMASK (~(EXT4_DIRSYNC_FL | EXT4_TOPDIR_FL | EXT4_CASEFOLD_FL |\ EXT4_PROJINHERIT_FL)) /* Flags that are appropriate for non-directories/regular files. */ #define EXT4_OTHER_FLMASK (EXT4_NODUMP_FL | EXT4_NOATIME_FL) /* The only flags that should be swapped */ #define EXT4_FL_SHOULD_SWAP (EXT4_HUGE_FILE_FL | EXT4_EXTENTS_FL) /* Flags which are mutually exclusive to DAX */ #define EXT4_DAX_MUT_EXCL (EXT4_VERITY_FL | EXT4_ENCRYPT_FL |\ EXT4_JOURNAL_DATA_FL | EXT4_INLINE_DATA_FL) /* Mask out flags that are inappropriate for the given type of inode. */ static inline __u32 ext4_mask_flags(umode_t mode, __u32 flags) { if (S_ISDIR(mode)) return flags; else if (S_ISREG(mode)) return flags & EXT4_REG_FLMASK; else return flags & EXT4_OTHER_FLMASK; } /* * Inode flags used for atomic set/get */ enum { EXT4_INODE_SECRM = 0, /* Secure deletion */ EXT4_INODE_UNRM = 1, /* Undelete */ EXT4_INODE_COMPR = 2, /* Compress file */ EXT4_INODE_SYNC = 3, /* Synchronous updates */ EXT4_INODE_IMMUTABLE = 4, /* Immutable file */ EXT4_INODE_APPEND = 5, /* writes to file may only append */ EXT4_INODE_NODUMP = 6, /* do not dump file */ EXT4_INODE_NOATIME = 7, /* do not update atime */ /* Reserved for compression usage... */ EXT4_INODE_DIRTY = 8, EXT4_INODE_COMPRBLK = 9, /* One or more compressed clusters */ EXT4_INODE_NOCOMPR = 10, /* Don't compress */ EXT4_INODE_ENCRYPT = 11, /* Encrypted file */ /* End compression flags --- maybe not all used */ EXT4_INODE_INDEX = 12, /* hash-indexed directory */ EXT4_INODE_IMAGIC = 13, /* AFS directory */ EXT4_INODE_JOURNAL_DATA = 14, /* file data should be journaled */ EXT4_INODE_NOTAIL = 15, /* file tail should not be merged */ EXT4_INODE_DIRSYNC = 16, /* dirsync behaviour (directories only) */ EXT4_INODE_TOPDIR = 17, /* Top of directory hierarchies*/ EXT4_INODE_HUGE_FILE = 18, /* Set to each huge file */ EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS = 19, /* Inode uses extents */ EXT4_INODE_VERITY = 20, /* Verity protected inode */ EXT4_INODE_EA_INODE = 21, /* Inode used for large EA */ /* 22 was formerly EXT4_INODE_EOFBLOCKS */ EXT4_INODE_DAX = 25, /* Inode is DAX */ EXT4_INODE_INLINE_DATA = 28, /* Data in inode. */ EXT4_INODE_PROJINHERIT = 29, /* Create with parents projid */ EXT4_INODE_CASEFOLD = 30, /* Casefolded directory */ EXT4_INODE_RESERVED = 31, /* reserved for ext4 lib */ }; /* * Since it's pretty easy to mix up bit numbers and hex values, we use a * build-time check to make sure that EXT4_XXX_FL is consistent with respect to * EXT4_INODE_XXX. If all is well, the macros will be dropped, so, it won't cost * any extra space in the compiled kernel image, otherwise, the build will fail. * It's important that these values are the same, since we are using * EXT4_INODE_XXX to test for flag values, but EXT4_XXX_FL must be consistent * with the values of FS_XXX_FL defined in include/linux/fs.h and the on-disk * values found in ext2, ext3 and ext4 filesystems, and of course the values * defined in e2fsprogs. * * It's not paranoia if the Murphy's Law really *is* out to get you. :-) */ #define TEST_FLAG_VALUE(FLAG) (EXT4_##FLAG##_FL == (1 << EXT4_INODE_##FLAG)) #define CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(FLAG) BUILD_BUG_ON(!TEST_FLAG_VALUE(FLAG)) static inline void ext4_check_flag_values(void) { CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(SECRM); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(UNRM); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(COMPR); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(SYNC); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(IMMUTABLE); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(APPEND); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(NODUMP); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(NOATIME); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(DIRTY); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(COMPRBLK); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(NOCOMPR); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(ENCRYPT); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(INDEX); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(IMAGIC); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(JOURNAL_DATA); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(NOTAIL); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(DIRSYNC); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(TOPDIR); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(HUGE_FILE); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(EXTENTS); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(VERITY); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(EA_INODE); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(INLINE_DATA); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(PROJINHERIT); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(CASEFOLD); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(RESERVED); } /* Used to pass group descriptor data when online resize is done */ struct ext4_new_group_input { __u32 group; /* Group number for this data */ __u64 block_bitmap; /* Absolute block number of block bitmap */ __u64 inode_bitmap; /* Absolute block number of inode bitmap */ __u64 inode_table; /* Absolute block number of inode table start */ __u32 blocks_count; /* Total number of blocks in this group */ __u16 reserved_blocks; /* Number of reserved blocks in this group */ __u16 unused; }; #if defined(__KERNEL__) && defined(CONFIG_COMPAT) struct compat_ext4_new_group_input { u32 group; compat_u64 block_bitmap; compat_u64 inode_bitmap; compat_u64 inode_table; u32 blocks_count; u16 reserved_blocks; u16 unused; }; #endif /* The struct ext4_new_group_input in kernel space, with free_blocks_count */ struct ext4_new_group_data { __u32 group; __u64 block_bitmap; __u64 inode_bitmap; __u64 inode_table; __u32 blocks_count; __u16 reserved_blocks; __u16 mdata_blocks; __u32 free_clusters_count; }; /* Indexes used to index group tables in ext4_new_group_data */ enum { BLOCK_BITMAP = 0, /* block bitmap */ INODE_BITMAP, /* inode bitmap */ INODE_TABLE, /* inode tables */ GROUP_TABLE_COUNT, }; /* * Flags used by ext4_map_blocks() */ /* Allocate any needed blocks and/or convert an unwritten extent to be an initialized ext4 */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE 0x0001 /* Request the creation of an unwritten extent */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_UNWRIT_EXT 0x0002 #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE_UNWRIT_EXT (EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_UNWRIT_EXT|\ EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE) /* Caller is from the delayed allocation writeout path * finally doing the actual allocation of delayed blocks */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_DELALLOC_RESERVE 0x0004 /* caller is from the direct IO path, request to creation of an unwritten extents if not allocated, split the unwritten extent if blocks has been preallocated already*/ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO 0x0008 #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT 0x0010 #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_IO_CREATE_EXT (EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO|\ EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE_UNWRIT_EXT) /* Convert extent to initialized after IO complete */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_IO_CONVERT_EXT (EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT|\ EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE_UNWRIT_EXT) /* Eventual metadata allocation (due to growing extent tree) * should not fail, so try to use reserved blocks for that.*/ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_METADATA_NOFAIL 0x0020 /* Don't normalize allocation size (used for fallocate) */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_NO_NORMALIZE 0x0040 /* Convert written extents to unwritten */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT_UNWRITTEN 0x0100 /* Write zeros to newly created written extents */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_ZERO 0x0200 #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE_ZERO (EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE |\ EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_ZERO) /* Caller will submit data before dropping transaction handle. This * allows jbd2 to avoid submitting data before commit. */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_IO_SUBMIT 0x0400 /* * The bit position of these flags must not overlap with any of the * EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_*. They are used by ext4_find_extent(), * read_extent_tree_block(), ext4_split_extent_at(), * ext4_ext_insert_extent(), and ext4_ext_create_new_leaf(). * EXT4_EX_NOCACHE is used to indicate that the we shouldn't be * caching the extents when reading from the extent tree while a * truncate or punch hole operation is in progress. */ #define EXT4_EX_NOCACHE 0x40000000 #define EXT4_EX_FORCE_CACHE 0x20000000 #define EXT4_EX_NOFAIL 0x10000000 /* * Flags used by ext4_free_blocks */ #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_METADATA 0x0001 #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_FORGET 0x0002 #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_VALIDATED 0x0004 #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_NO_QUOT_UPDATE 0x0008 #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_NOFREE_FIRST_CLUSTER 0x0010 #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_NOFREE_LAST_CLUSTER 0x0020 #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_RERESERVE_CLUSTER 0x0040 /* * ioctl commands */ #define EXT4_IOC_GETVERSION _IOR('f', 3, long) #define EXT4_IOC_SETVERSION _IOW('f', 4, long) #define EXT4_IOC_GETVERSION_OLD FS_IOC_GETVERSION #define EXT4_IOC_SETVERSION_OLD FS_IOC_SETVERSION #define EXT4_IOC_GETRSVSZ _IOR('f', 5, long) #define EXT4_IOC_SETRSVSZ _IOW('f', 6, long) #define EXT4_IOC_GROUP_EXTEND _IOW('f', 7, unsigned long) #define EXT4_IOC_GROUP_ADD _IOW('f', 8, struct ext4_new_group_input) #define EXT4_IOC_MIGRATE _IO('f', 9) /* note ioctl 10 reserved for an early version of the FIEMAP ioctl */ /* note ioctl 11 reserved for filesystem-independent FIEMAP ioctl */ #define EXT4_IOC_ALLOC_DA_BLKS _IO('f', 12) #define EXT4_IOC_MOVE_EXT _IOWR('f', 15, struct move_extent) #define EXT4_IOC_RESIZE_FS _IOW('f', 16, __u64) #define EXT4_IOC_SWAP_BOOT _IO('f', 17) #define EXT4_IOC_PRECACHE_EXTENTS _IO('f', 18) /* ioctl codes 19--39 are reserved for fscrypt */ #define EXT4_IOC_CLEAR_ES_CACHE _IO('f', 40) #define EXT4_IOC_GETSTATE _IOW('f', 41, __u32) #define EXT4_IOC_GET_ES_CACHE _IOWR('f', 42, struct fiemap) #define EXT4_IOC_SHUTDOWN _IOR ('X', 125, __u32) /* * Flags for going down operation */ #define EXT4_GOING_FLAGS_DEFAULT 0x0 /* going down */ #define EXT4_GOING_FLAGS_LOGFLUSH 0x1 /* flush log but not data */ #define EXT4_GOING_FLAGS_NOLOGFLUSH 0x2 /* don't flush log nor data */ /* * Flags returned by EXT4_IOC_GETSTATE * * We only expose to userspace a subset of the state flags in * i_state_flags */ #define EXT4_STATE_FLAG_EXT_PRECACHED 0x00000001 #define EXT4_STATE_FLAG_NEW 0x00000002 #define EXT4_STATE_FLAG_NEWENTRY 0x00000004 #define EXT4_STATE_FLAG_DA_ALLOC_CLOSE 0x00000008 #if defined(__KERNEL__) && defined(CONFIG_COMPAT) /* * ioctl commands in 32 bit emulation */ #define EXT4_IOC32_GETVERSION _IOR('f', 3, int) #define EXT4_IOC32_SETVERSION _IOW('f', 4, int) #define EXT4_IOC32_GETRSVSZ _IOR('f', 5, int) #define EXT4_IOC32_SETRSVSZ _IOW('f', 6, int) #define EXT4_IOC32_GROUP_EXTEND _IOW('f', 7, unsigned int) #define EXT4_IOC32_GROUP_ADD _IOW('f', 8, struct compat_ext4_new_group_input) #define EXT4_IOC32_GETVERSION_OLD FS_IOC32_GETVERSION #define EXT4_IOC32_SETVERSION_OLD FS_IOC32_SETVERSION #endif /* * Returned by EXT4_IOC_GET_ES_CACHE as an additional possible flag. * It indicates that the entry in extent status cache is for a hole. */ #define EXT4_FIEMAP_EXTENT_HOLE 0x08000000 /* Max physical block we can address w/o extents */ #define EXT4_MAX_BLOCK_FILE_PHYS 0xFFFFFFFF /* Max logical block we can support */ #define EXT4_MAX_LOGICAL_BLOCK 0xFFFFFFFE /* * Structure of an inode on the disk */ struct ext4_inode { __le16 i_mode; /* File mode */ __le16 i_uid; /* Low 16 bits of Owner Uid */ __le32 i_size_lo; /* Size in bytes */ __le32 i_atime; /* Access time */ __le32 i_ctime; /* Inode Change time */ __le32 i_mtime; /* Modification time */ __le32 i_dtime; /* Deletion Time */ __le16 i_gid; /* Low 16 bits of Group Id */ __le16 i_links_count; /* Links count */ __le32 i_blocks_lo; /* Blocks count */ __le32 i_flags; /* File flags */ union { struct { __le32 l_i_version; } linux1; struct { __u32 h_i_translator; } hurd1; struct { __u32 m_i_reserved1; } masix1; } osd1; /* OS dependent 1 */ __le32 i_block[EXT4_N_BLOCKS];/* Pointers to blocks */ __le32 i_generation; /* File version (for NFS) */ __le32 i_file_acl_lo; /* File ACL */ __le32 i_size_high; __le32 i_obso_faddr; /* Obsoleted fragment address */ union { struct { __le16 l_i_blocks_high; /* were l_i_reserved1 */ __le16 l_i_file_acl_high; __le16 l_i_uid_high; /* these 2 fields */ __le16 l_i_gid_high; /* were reserved2[0] */ __le16 l_i_checksum_lo;/* crc32c(uuid+inum+inode) LE */ __le16 l_i_reserved; } linux2; struct { __le16 h_i_reserved1; /* Obsoleted fragment number/size which are removed in ext4 */ __u16 h_i_mode_high; __u16 h_i_uid_high; __u16 h_i_gid_high; __u32 h_i_author; } hurd2; struct { __le16 h_i_reserved1; /* Obsoleted fragment number/size which are removed in ext4 */ __le16 m_i_file_acl_high; __u32 m_i_reserved2[2]; } masix2; } osd2; /* OS dependent 2 */ __le16 i_extra_isize; __le16 i_checksum_hi; /* crc32c(uuid+inum+inode) BE */ __le32 i_ctime_extra; /* extra Change time (nsec << 2 | epoch) */ __le32 i_mtime_extra; /* extra Modification time(nsec << 2 | epoch) */ __le32 i_atime_extra; /* extra Access time (nsec << 2 | epoch) */ __le32 i_crtime; /* File Creation time */ __le32 i_crtime_extra; /* extra FileCreationtime (nsec << 2 | epoch) */ __le32 i_version_hi; /* high 32 bits for 64-bit version */ __le32 i_projid; /* Project ID */ }; struct move_extent { __u32 reserved; /* should be zero */ __u32 donor_fd; /* donor file descriptor */ __u64 orig_start; /* logical start offset in block for orig */ __u64 donor_start; /* logical start offset in block for donor */ __u64 len; /* block length to be moved */ __u64 moved_len; /* moved block length */ }; #define EXT4_EPOCH_BITS 2 #define EXT4_EPOCH_MASK ((1 << EXT4_EPOCH_BITS) - 1) #define EXT4_NSEC_MASK (~0UL << EXT4_EPOCH_BITS) /* * Extended fields will fit into an inode if the filesystem was formatted * with large inodes (-I 256 or larger) and there are not currently any EAs * consuming all of the available space. For new inodes we always reserve * enough space for the kernel's known extended fields, but for inodes * created with an old kernel this might not have been the case. None of * the extended inode fields is critical for correct filesystem operation. * This macro checks if a certain field fits in the inode. Note that * inode-size = GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE + i_extra_isize */ #define EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(ext4_inode, einode, field) \ ((offsetof(typeof(*ext4_inode), field) + \ sizeof((ext4_inode)->field)) \ <= (EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE + \ (einode)->i_extra_isize)) \ /* * We use an encoding that preserves the times for extra epoch "00": * * extra msb of adjust for signed * epoch 32-bit 32-bit tv_sec to * bits time decoded 64-bit tv_sec 64-bit tv_sec valid time range * 0 0 1 -0x80000000..-0x00000001 0x000000000 1901-12-13..1969-12-31 * 0 0 0 0x000000000..0x07fffffff 0x000000000 1970-01-01..2038-01-19 * 0 1 1 0x080000000..0x0ffffffff 0x100000000 2038-01-19..2106-02-07 * 0 1 0 0x100000000..0x17fffffff 0x100000000 2106-02-07..2174-02-25 * 1 0 1 0x180000000..0x1ffffffff 0x200000000 2174-02-25..2242-03-16 * 1 0 0 0x200000000..0x27fffffff 0x200000000 2242-03-16..2310-04-04 * 1 1 1 0x280000000..0x2ffffffff 0x300000000 2310-04-04..2378-04-22 * 1 1 0 0x300000000..0x37fffffff 0x300000000 2378-04-22..2446-05-10 * * Note that previous versions of the kernel on 64-bit systems would * incorrectly use extra epoch bits 1,1 for dates between 1901 and * 1970. e2fsck will correct this, assuming that it is run on the * affected filesystem before 2242. */ static inline __le32 ext4_encode_extra_time(struct timespec64 *time) { u32 extra =((time->tv_sec - (s32)time->tv_sec) >> 32) & EXT4_EPOCH_MASK; return cpu_to_le32(extra | (time->tv_nsec << EXT4_EPOCH_BITS)); } static inline void ext4_decode_extra_time(struct timespec64 *time, __le32 extra) { if (unlikely(extra & cpu_to_le32(EXT4_EPOCH_MASK))) time->tv_sec += (u64)(le32_to_cpu(extra) & EXT4_EPOCH_MASK) << 32; time->tv_nsec = (le32_to_cpu(extra) & EXT4_NSEC_MASK) >> EXT4_EPOCH_BITS; } #define EXT4_INODE_SET_XTIME(xtime, inode, raw_inode) \ do { \ if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, EXT4_I(inode), xtime ## _extra)) {\ (raw_inode)->xtime = cpu_to_le32((inode)->xtime.tv_sec); \ (raw_inode)->xtime ## _extra = \ ext4_encode_extra_time(&(inode)->xtime); \ } \ else \ (raw_inode)->xtime = cpu_to_le32(clamp_t(int32_t, (inode)->xtime.tv_sec, S32_MIN, S32_MAX)); \ } while (0) #define EXT4_EINODE_SET_XTIME(xtime, einode, raw_inode) \ do { \ if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, einode, xtime)) \ (raw_inode)->xtime = cpu_to_le32((einode)->xtime.tv_sec); \ if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, einode, xtime ## _extra)) \ (raw_inode)->xtime ## _extra = \ ext4_encode_extra_time(&(einode)->xtime); \ } while (0) #define EXT4_INODE_GET_XTIME(xtime, inode, raw_inode) \ do { \ (inode)->xtime.tv_sec = (signed)le32_to_cpu((raw_inode)->xtime); \ if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, EXT4_I(inode), xtime ## _extra)) { \ ext4_decode_extra_time(&(inode)->xtime, \ raw_inode->xtime ## _extra); \ } \ else \ (inode)->xtime.tv_nsec = 0; \ } while (0) #define EXT4_EINODE_GET_XTIME(xtime, einode, raw_inode) \ do { \ if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, einode, xtime)) \ (einode)->xtime.tv_sec = \ (signed)le32_to_cpu((raw_inode)->xtime); \ else \ (einode)->xtime.tv_sec = 0; \ if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, einode, xtime ## _extra)) \ ext4_decode_extra_time(&(einode)->xtime, \ raw_inode->xtime ## _extra); \ else \ (einode)->xtime.tv_nsec = 0; \ } while (0) #define i_disk_version osd1.linux1.l_i_version #if defined(__KERNEL__) || defined(__linux__) #define i_reserved1 osd1.linux1.l_i_reserved1 #define i_file_acl_high osd2.linux2.l_i_file_acl_high #define i_blocks_high osd2.linux2.l_i_blocks_high #define i_uid_low i_uid #define i_gid_low i_gid #define i_uid_high osd2.linux2.l_i_uid_high #define i_gid_high osd2.linux2.l_i_gid_high #define i_checksum_lo osd2.linux2.l_i_checksum_lo #elif defined(__GNU__) #define i_translator osd1.hurd1.h_i_translator #define i_uid_high osd2.hurd2.h_i_uid_high #define i_gid_high osd2.hurd2.h_i_gid_high #define i_author osd2.hurd2.h_i_author #elif defined(__masix__) #define i_reserved1 osd1.masix1.m_i_reserved1 #define i_file_acl_high osd2.masix2.m_i_file_acl_high #define i_reserved2 osd2.masix2.m_i_reserved2 #endif /* defined(__KERNEL__) || defined(__linux__) */ #include "extents_status.h" #include "fast_commit.h" /* * Lock subclasses for i_data_sem in the ext4_inode_info structure. * * These are needed to avoid lockdep false positives when we need to * allocate blocks to the quota inode during ext4_map_blocks(), while * holding i_data_sem for a normal (non-quota) inode. Since we don't * do quota tracking for the quota inode, this avoids deadlock (as * well as infinite recursion, since it isn't turtles all the way * down...) * * I_DATA_SEM_NORMAL - Used for most inodes * I_DATA_SEM_OTHER - Used by move_inode.c for the second normal inode * where the second inode has larger inode number * than the first * I_DATA_SEM_QUOTA - Used for quota inodes only */ enum { I_DATA_SEM_NORMAL = 0, I_DATA_SEM_OTHER, I_DATA_SEM_QUOTA, }; /* * fourth extended file system inode data in memory */ struct ext4_inode_info { __le32 i_data[15]; /* unconverted */ __u32 i_dtime; ext4_fsblk_t i_file_acl; /* * i_block_group is the number of the block group which contains * this file's inode. Constant across the lifetime of the inode, * it is used for making block allocation decisions - we try to * place a file's data blocks near its inode block, and new inodes * near to their parent directory's inode. */ ext4_group_t i_block_group; ext4_lblk_t i_dir_start_lookup; #if (BITS_PER_LONG < 64) unsigned long i_state_flags; /* Dynamic state flags */ #endif unsigned long i_flags; /* * Extended attributes can be read independently of the main file * data. Taking i_mutex even when reading would cause contention * between readers of EAs and writers of regular file data, so * instead we synchronize on xattr_sem when reading or changing * EAs. */ struct rw_semaphore xattr_sem; struct list_head i_orphan; /* unlinked but open inodes */ /* Fast commit related info */ struct list_head i_fc_list; /* * inodes that need fast commit * protected by sbi->s_fc_lock. */ /* Start of lblk range that needs to be committed in this fast commit */ ext4_lblk_t i_fc_lblk_start; /* End of lblk range that needs to be committed in this fast commit */ ext4_lblk_t i_fc_lblk_len; /* Number of ongoing updates on this inode */ atomic_t i_fc_updates; /* Fast commit wait queue for this inode */ wait_queue_head_t i_fc_wait; /* Protect concurrent accesses on i_fc_lblk_start, i_fc_lblk_len */ struct mutex i_fc_lock; /* * i_disksize keeps track of what the inode size is ON DISK, not * in memory. During truncate, i_size is set to the new size by * the VFS prior to calling ext4_truncate(), but the filesystem won't * set i_disksize to 0 until the truncate is actually under way. * * The intent is that i_disksize always represents the blocks which * are used by this file. This allows recovery to restart truncate * on orphans if we crash during truncate. We actually write i_disksize * into the on-disk inode when writing inodes out, instead of i_size. * * The only time when i_disksize and i_size may be different is when * a truncate is in progress. The only things which change i_disksize * are ext4_get_block (growth) and ext4_truncate (shrinkth). */ loff_t i_disksize; /* * i_data_sem is for serialising ext4_truncate() against * ext4_getblock(). In the 2.4 ext2 design, great chunks of inode's * data tree are chopped off during truncate. We can't do that in * ext4 because whenever we perform intermediate commits during * truncate, the inode and all the metadata blocks *must* be in a * consistent state which allows truncation of the orphans to restart * during recovery. Hence we must fix the get_block-vs-truncate race * by other means, so we have i_data_sem. */ struct rw_semaphore i_data_sem; /* * i_mmap_sem is for serializing page faults with truncate / punch hole * operations. We have to make sure that new page cannot be faulted in * a section of the inode that is being punched. We cannot easily use * i_data_sem for this since we need protection for the whole punch * operation and i_data_sem ranks below transaction start so we have * to occasionally drop it. */ struct rw_semaphore i_mmap_sem; struct inode vfs_inode; struct jbd2_inode *jinode; spinlock_t i_raw_lock; /* protects updates to the raw inode */ /* * File creation time. Its function is same as that of * struct timespec64 i_{a,c,m}time in the generic inode. */ struct timespec64 i_crtime; /* mballoc */ atomic_t i_prealloc_active; struct list_head i_prealloc_list; spinlock_t i_prealloc_lock; /* extents status tree */ struct ext4_es_tree i_es_tree; rwlock_t i_es_lock; struct list_head i_es_list; unsigned int i_es_all_nr; /* protected by i_es_lock */ unsigned int i_es_shk_nr; /* protected by i_es_lock */ ext4_lblk_t i_es_shrink_lblk; /* Offset where we start searching for extents to shrink. Protected by i_es_lock */ /* ialloc */ ext4_group_t i_last_alloc_group; /* allocation reservation info for delalloc */ /* In case of bigalloc, this refer to clusters rather than blocks */ unsigned int i_reserved_data_blocks; /* pending cluster reservations for bigalloc file systems */ struct ext4_pending_tree i_pending_tree; /* on-disk additional length */ __u16 i_extra_isize; /* Indicate the inline data space. */ u16 i_inline_off; u16 i_inline_size; #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA /* quota space reservation, managed internally by quota code */ qsize_t i_reserved_quota; #endif /* Lock protecting lists below */ spinlock_t i_completed_io_lock; /* * Completed IOs that need unwritten extents handling and have * transaction reserved */ struct list_head i_rsv_conversion_list; struct work_struct i_rsv_conversion_work; atomic_t i_unwritten; /* Nr. of inflight conversions pending */ spinlock_t i_block_reservation_lock; /* * Transactions that contain inode's metadata needed to complete * fsync and fdatasync, respectively. */ tid_t i_sync_tid; tid_t i_datasync_tid; #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA struct dquot *i_dquot[MAXQUOTAS]; #endif /* Precomputed uuid+inum+igen checksum for seeding inode checksums */ __u32 i_csum_seed; kprojid_t i_projid; }; /* * File system states */ #define EXT4_VALID_FS 0x0001 /* Unmounted cleanly */ #define EXT4_ERROR_FS 0x0002 /* Errors detected */ #define EXT4_ORPHAN_FS 0x0004 /* Orphans being recovered */ #define EXT4_FC_REPLAY 0x0020 /* Fast commit replay ongoing */ /* * Misc. filesystem flags */ #define EXT2_FLAGS_SIGNED_HASH 0x0001 /* Signed dirhash in use */ #define EXT2_FLAGS_UNSIGNED_HASH 0x0002 /* Unsigned dirhash in use */ #define EXT2_FLAGS_TEST_FILESYS 0x0004 /* to test development code */ /* * Mount flags set via mount options or defaults */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_NO_MBCACHE 0x00001 /* Do not use mbcache */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_GRPID 0x00004 /* Create files with directory's group */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_DEBUG 0x00008 /* Some debugging messages */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_ERRORS_CONT 0x00010 /* Continue on errors */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_ERRORS_RO 0x00020 /* Remount fs ro on errors */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_ERRORS_PANIC 0x00040 /* Panic on errors */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_ERRORS_MASK 0x00070 #define EXT4_MOUNT_MINIX_DF 0x00080 /* Mimics the Minix statfs */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_NOLOAD 0x00100 /* Don't use existing journal*/ #ifdef CONFIG_FS_DAX #define EXT4_MOUNT_DAX_ALWAYS 0x00200 /* Direct Access */ #else #define EXT4_MOUNT_DAX_ALWAYS 0 #endif #define EXT4_MOUNT_DATA_FLAGS 0x00C00 /* Mode for data writes: */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_DATA 0x00400 /* Write data to journal */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_ORDERED_DATA 0x00800 /* Flush data before commit */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_WRITEBACK_DATA 0x00C00 /* No data ordering */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_UPDATE_JOURNAL 0x01000 /* Update the journal format */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_NO_UID32 0x02000 /* Disable 32-bit UIDs */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_XATTR_USER 0x04000 /* Extended user attributes */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_POSIX_ACL 0x08000 /* POSIX Access Control Lists */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_NO_AUTO_DA_ALLOC 0x10000 /* No auto delalloc mapping */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_BARRIER 0x20000 /* Use block barriers */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_QUOTA 0x40000 /* Some quota option set */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_USRQUOTA 0x80000 /* "old" user quota, * enable enforcement for hidden * quota files */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_GRPQUOTA 0x100000 /* "old" group quota, enable * enforcement for hidden quota * files */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_PRJQUOTA 0x200000 /* Enable project quota * enforcement */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_DIOREAD_NOLOCK 0x400000 /* Enable support for dio read nolocking */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_CHECKSUM 0x800000 /* Journal checksums */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_ASYNC_COMMIT 0x1000000 /* Journal Async Commit */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_WARN_ON_ERROR 0x2000000 /* Trigger WARN_ON on error */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_PREFETCH_BLOCK_BITMAPS 0x4000000 #define EXT4_MOUNT_DELALLOC 0x8000000 /* Delalloc support */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_DATA_ERR_ABORT 0x10000000 /* Abort on file data write */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_BLOCK_VALIDITY 0x20000000 /* Block validity checking */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_DISCARD 0x40000000 /* Issue DISCARD requests */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_INIT_INODE_TABLE 0x80000000 /* Initialize uninitialized itables */ /* * Mount flags set either automatically (could not be set by mount option) * based on per file system feature or property or in special cases such as * distinguishing between explicit mount option definition and default. */ #define EXT4_MOUNT2_EXPLICIT_DELALLOC 0x00000001 /* User explicitly specified delalloc */ #define EXT4_MOUNT2_STD_GROUP_SIZE 0x00000002 /* We have standard group size of blocksize * 8 blocks */ #define EXT4_MOUNT2_HURD_COMPAT 0x00000004 /* Support HURD-castrated file systems */ #define EXT4_MOUNT2_EXPLICIT_JOURNAL_CHECKSUM 0x00000008 /* User explicitly specified journal checksum */ #define EXT4_MOUNT2_JOURNAL_FAST_COMMIT 0x00000010 /* Journal fast commit */ #define EXT4_MOUNT2_DAX_NEVER 0x00000020 /* Do not allow Direct Access */ #define EXT4_MOUNT2_DAX_INODE 0x00000040 /* For printing options only */ #define clear_opt(sb, opt) EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt &= \ ~EXT4_MOUNT_##opt #define set_opt(sb, opt) EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt |= \ EXT4_MOUNT_##opt #define test_opt(sb, opt) (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt & \ EXT4_MOUNT_##opt) #define clear_opt2(sb, opt) EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt2 &= \ ~EXT4_MOUNT2_##opt #define set_opt2(sb, opt) EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt2 |= \ EXT4_MOUNT2_##opt #define test_opt2(sb, opt) (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt2 & \ EXT4_MOUNT2_##opt) #define ext4_test_and_set_bit __test_and_set_bit_le #define ext4_set_bit __set_bit_le #define ext4_set_bit_atomic ext2_set_bit_atomic #define ext4_test_and_clear_bit __test_and_clear_bit_le #define ext4_clear_bit __clear_bit_le #define ext4_clear_bit_atomic ext2_clear_bit_atomic #define ext4_test_bit test_bit_le #define ext4_find_next_zero_bit find_next_zero_bit_le #define ext4_find_next_bit find_next_bit_le extern void ext4_set_bits(void *bm, int cur, int len); /* * Maximal mount counts between two filesystem checks */ #define EXT4_DFL_MAX_MNT_COUNT 20 /* Allow 20 mounts */ #define EXT4_DFL_CHECKINTERVAL 0 /* Don't use interval check */ /* * Behaviour when detecting errors */ #define EXT4_ERRORS_CONTINUE 1 /* Continue execution */ #define EXT4_ERRORS_RO 2 /* Remount fs read-only */ #define EXT4_ERRORS_PANIC 3 /* Panic */ #define EXT4_ERRORS_DEFAULT EXT4_ERRORS_CONTINUE /* Metadata checksum algorithm codes */ #define EXT4_CRC32C_CHKSUM 1 /* * Structure of the super block */ struct ext4_super_block { /*00*/ __le32 s_inodes_count; /* Inodes count */ __le32 s_blocks_count_lo; /* Blocks count */ __le32 s_r_blocks_count_lo; /* Reserved blocks count */ __le32 s_free_blocks_count_lo; /* Free blocks count */ /*10*/ __le32 s_free_inodes_count; /* Free inodes count */ __le32 s_first_data_block; /* First Data Block */ __le32 s_log_block_size; /* Block size */ __le32 s_log_cluster_size; /* Allocation cluster size */ /*20*/ __le32 s_blocks_per_group; /* # Blocks per group */ __le32 s_clusters_per_group; /* # Clusters per group */ __le32 s_inodes_per_group; /* # Inodes per group */ __le32 s_mtime; /* Mount time */ /*30*/ __le32 s_wtime; /* Write time */ __le16 s_mnt_count; /* Mount count */ __le16 s_max_mnt_count; /* Maximal mount count */ __le16 s_magic; /* Magic signature */ __le16 s_state; /* File system state */ __le16 s_errors; /* Behaviour when detecting errors */ __le16 s_minor_rev_level; /* minor revision level */ /*40*/ __le32 s_lastcheck; /* time of last check */ __le32 s_checkinterval; /* max. time between checks */ __le32 s_creator_os; /* OS */ __le32 s_rev_level; /* Revision level */ /*50*/ __le16 s_def_resuid; /* Default uid for reserved blocks */ __le16 s_def_resgid; /* Default gid for reserved blocks */ /* * These fields are for EXT4_DYNAMIC_REV superblocks only. * * Note: the difference between the compatible feature set and * the incompatible feature set is that if there is a bit set * in the incompatible feature set that the kernel doesn't * know about, it should refuse to mount the filesystem. * * e2fsck's requirements are more strict; if it doesn't know * about a feature in either the compatible or incompatible * feature set, it must abort and not try to meddle with * things it doesn't understand... */ __le32 s_first_ino; /* First non-reserved inode */ __le16 s_inode_size; /* size of inode structure */ __le16 s_block_group_nr; /* block group # of this superblock */ __le32 s_feature_compat; /* compatible feature set */ /*60*/ __le32 s_feature_incompat; /* incompatible feature set */ __le32 s_feature_ro_compat; /* readonly-compatible feature set */ /*68*/ __u8 s_uuid[16]; /* 128-bit uuid for volume */ /*78*/ char s_volume_name[16]; /* volume name */ /*88*/ char s_last_mounted[64] __nonstring; /* directory where last mounted */ /*C8*/ __le32 s_algorithm_usage_bitmap; /* For compression */ /* * Performance hints. Directory preallocation should only * happen if the EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_DIR_PREALLOC flag is on. */ __u8 s_prealloc_blocks; /* Nr of blocks to try to preallocate*/ __u8 s_prealloc_dir_blocks; /* Nr to preallocate for dirs */ __le16 s_reserved_gdt_blocks; /* Per group desc for online growth */ /* * Journaling support valid if EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_HAS_JOURNAL set. */ /*D0*/ __u8 s_journal_uuid[16]; /* uuid of journal superblock */ /*E0*/ __le32 s_journal_inum; /* inode number of journal file */ __le32 s_journal_dev; /* device number of journal file */ __le32 s_last_orphan; /* start of list of inodes to delete */ __le32 s_hash_seed[4]; /* HTREE hash seed */ __u8 s_def_hash_version; /* Default hash version to use */ __u8 s_jnl_backup_type; __le16 s_desc_size; /* size of group descriptor */ /*100*/ __le32 s_default_mount_opts; __le32 s_first_meta_bg; /* First metablock block group */ __le32 s_mkfs_time; /* When the filesystem was created */ __le32 s_jnl_blocks[17]; /* Backup of the journal inode */ /* 64bit support valid if EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_64BIT */ /*150*/ __le32 s_blocks_count_hi; /* Blocks count */ __le32 s_r_blocks_count_hi; /* Reserved blocks count */ __le32 s_free_blocks_count_hi; /* Free blocks count */ __le16 s_min_extra_isize; /* All inodes have at least # bytes */ __le16 s_want_extra_isize; /* New inodes should reserve # bytes */ __le32 s_flags; /* Miscellaneous flags */ __le16 s_raid_stride; /* RAID stride */ __le16 s_mmp_update_interval; /* # seconds to wait in MMP checking */ __le64 s_mmp_block; /* Block for multi-mount protection */ __le32 s_raid_stripe_width; /* blocks on all data disks (N*stride)*/ __u8 s_log_groups_per_flex; /* FLEX_BG group size */ __u8 s_checksum_type; /* metadata checksum algorithm used */ __u8 s_encryption_level; /* versioning level for encryption */ __u8 s_reserved_pad; /* Padding to next 32bits */ __le64 s_kbytes_written; /* nr of lifetime kilobytes written */ __le32 s_snapshot_inum; /* Inode number of active snapshot */ __le32 s_snapshot_id; /* sequential ID of active snapshot */ __le64 s_snapshot_r_blocks_count; /* reserved blocks for active snapshot's future use */ __le32 s_snapshot_list; /* inode number of the head of the on-disk snapshot list */ #define EXT4_S_ERR_START offsetof(struct ext4_super_block, s_error_count) __le32 s_error_count; /* number of fs errors */ __le32 s_first_error_time; /* first time an error happened */ __le32 s_first_error_ino; /* inode involved in first error */ __le64 s_first_error_block; /* block involved of first error */ __u8 s_first_error_func[32] __nonstring; /* function where the error happened */ __le32 s_first_error_line; /* line number where error happened */ __le32 s_last_error_time; /* most recent time of an error */ __le32 s_last_error_ino; /* inode involved in last error */ __le32 s_last_error_line; /* line number where error happened */ __le64 s_last_error_block; /* block involved of last error */ __u8 s_last_error_func[32] __nonstring; /* function where the error happened */ #define EXT4_S_ERR_END offsetof(struct ext4_super_block, s_mount_opts) __u8 s_mount_opts[64]; __le32 s_usr_quota_inum; /* inode for tracking user quota */ __le32 s_grp_quota_inum; /* inode for tracking group quota */ __le32 s_overhead_clusters; /* overhead blocks/clusters in fs */ __le32 s_backup_bgs[2]; /* groups with sparse_super2 SBs */ __u8 s_encrypt_algos[4]; /* Encryption algorithms in use */ __u8 s_encrypt_pw_salt[16]; /* Salt used for string2key algorithm */ __le32 s_lpf_ino; /* Location of the lost+found inode */ __le32 s_prj_quota_inum; /* inode for tracking project quota */ __le32 s_checksum_seed; /* crc32c(uuid) if csum_seed set */ __u8 s_wtime_hi; __u8 s_mtime_hi; __u8 s_mkfs_time_hi; __u8 s_lastcheck_hi; __u8 s_first_error_time_hi; __u8 s_last_error_time_hi; __u8 s_first_error_errcode; __u8 s_last_error_errcode; __le16 s_encoding; /* Filename charset encoding */ __le16 s_encoding_flags; /* Filename charset encoding flags */ __le32 s_reserved[95]; /* Padding to the end of the block */ __le32 s_checksum; /* crc32c(superblock) */ }; #define EXT4_S_ERR_LEN (EXT4_S_ERR_END - EXT4_S_ERR_START) #ifdef __KERNEL__ #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION #define DUMMY_ENCRYPTION_ENABLED(sbi) ((sbi)->s_dummy_enc_policy.policy != NULL) #else #define DUMMY_ENCRYPTION_ENABLED(sbi) (0) #endif /* Number of quota types we support */ #define EXT4_MAXQUOTAS 3 #define EXT4_ENC_UTF8_12_1 1 /* * fourth extended-fs super-block data in memory */ struct ext4_sb_info { unsigned long s_desc_size; /* Size of a group descriptor in bytes */ unsigned long s_inodes_per_block;/* Number of inodes per block */ unsigned long s_blocks_per_group;/* Number of blocks in a group */ unsigned long s_clusters_per_group; /* Number of clusters in a group */ unsigned long s_inodes_per_group;/* Number of inodes in a group */ unsigned long s_itb_per_group; /* Number of inode table blocks per group */ unsigned long s_gdb_count; /* Number of group descriptor blocks */ unsigned long s_desc_per_block; /* Number of group descriptors per block */ ext4_group_t s_groups_count; /* Number of groups in the fs */ ext4_group_t s_blockfile_groups;/* Groups acceptable for non-extent files */ unsigned long s_overhead; /* # of fs overhead clusters */ unsigned int s_cluster_ratio; /* Number of blocks per cluster */ unsigned int s_cluster_bits; /* log2 of s_cluster_ratio */ loff_t s_bitmap_maxbytes; /* max bytes for bitmap files */ struct buffer_head * s_sbh; /* Buffer containing the super block */ struct ext4_super_block *s_es; /* Pointer to the super block in the buffer */ struct buffer_head * __rcu *s_group_desc; unsigned int s_mount_opt; unsigned int s_mount_opt2; unsigned long s_mount_flags; unsigned int s_def_mount_opt; ext4_fsblk_t s_sb_block; atomic64_t s_resv_clusters; kuid_t s_resuid; kgid_t s_resgid; unsigned short s_mount_state; unsigned short s_pad; int s_addr_per_block_bits; int s_desc_per_block_bits; int s_inode_size; int s_first_ino; unsigned int s_inode_readahead_blks; unsigned int s_inode_goal; u32 s_hash_seed[4]; int s_def_hash_version; int s_hash_unsigned; /* 3 if hash should be signed, 0 if not */ struct percpu_counter s_freeclusters_counter; struct percpu_counter s_freeinodes_counter; struct percpu_counter s_dirs_counter; struct percpu_counter s_dirtyclusters_counter; struct percpu_counter s_sra_exceeded_retry_limit; struct blockgroup_lock *s_blockgroup_lock; struct proc_dir_entry *s_proc; struct kobject s_kobj; struct completion s_kobj_unregister; struct super_block *s_sb; struct buffer_head *s_mmp_bh; /* Journaling */ struct journal_s *s_journal; struct list_head s_orphan; struct mutex s_orphan_lock; unsigned long s_ext4_flags; /* Ext4 superblock flags */ unsigned long s_commit_interval; u32 s_max_batch_time; u32 s_min_batch_time; struct block_device *s_journal_bdev; #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA /* Names of quota files with journalled quota */ char __rcu *s_qf_names[EXT4_MAXQUOTAS]; int s_jquota_fmt; /* Format of quota to use */ #endif unsigned int s_want_extra_isize; /* New inodes should reserve # bytes */ struct ext4_system_blocks __rcu *s_system_blks; #ifdef EXTENTS_STATS /* ext4 extents stats */ unsigned long s_ext_min; unsigned long s_ext_max; unsigned long s_depth_max; spinlock_t s_ext_stats_lock; unsigned long s_ext_blocks; unsigned long s_ext_extents; #endif /* for buddy allocator */ struct ext4_group_info ** __rcu *s_group_info; struct inode *s_buddy_cache; spinlock_t s_md_lock; unsigned short *s_mb_offsets; unsigned int *s_mb_maxs; unsigned int s_group_info_size; unsigned int s_mb_free_pending; struct list_head s_freed_data_list; /* List of blocks to be freed after commit completed */ /* tunables */ unsigned long s_stripe; unsigned int s_mb_stream_request; unsigned int s_mb_max_to_scan; unsigned int s_mb_min_to_scan; unsigned int s_mb_stats; unsigned int s_mb_order2_reqs; unsigned int s_mb_group_prealloc; unsigned int s_mb_max_inode_prealloc; unsigned int s_max_dir_size_kb; /* where last allocation was done - for stream allocation */ unsigned long s_mb_last_group; unsigned long s_mb_last_start; unsigned int s_mb_prefetch; unsigned int s_mb_prefetch_limit; /* stats for buddy allocator */ atomic_t s_bal_reqs; /* number of reqs with len > 1 */ atomic_t s_bal_success; /* we found long enough chunks */ atomic_t s_bal_allocated; /* in blocks */ atomic_t s_bal_ex_scanned; /* total extents scanned */ atomic_t s_bal_goals; /* goal hits */ atomic_t s_bal_breaks; /* too long searches */ atomic_t s_bal_2orders; /* 2^order hits */ spinlock_t s_bal_lock; unsigned long s_mb_buddies_generated; unsigned long long s_mb_generation_time; atomic_t s_mb_lost_chunks; atomic_t s_mb_preallocated; atomic_t s_mb_discarded; atomic_t s_lock_busy; /* locality groups */ struct ext4_locality_group __percpu *s_locality_groups; /* for write statistics */ unsigned long s_sectors_written_start; u64 s_kbytes_written; /* the size of zero-out chunk */ unsigned int s_extent_max_zeroout_kb; unsigned int s_log_groups_per_flex; struct flex_groups * __rcu *s_flex_groups; ext4_group_t s_flex_groups_allocated; /* workqueue for reserved extent conversions (buffered io) */ struct workqueue_struct *rsv_conversion_wq; /* timer for periodic error stats printing */ struct timer_list s_err_report; /* Lazy inode table initialization info */ struct ext4_li_request *s_li_request; /* Wait multiplier for lazy initialization thread */ unsigned int s_li_wait_mult; /* Kernel thread for multiple mount protection */ struct task_struct *s_mmp_tsk; /* record the last minlen when FITRIM is called. */ atomic_t s_last_trim_minblks; /* Reference to checksum algorithm driver via cryptoapi */ struct crypto_shash *s_chksum_driver; /* Precomputed FS UUID checksum for seeding other checksums */ __u32 s_csum_seed; /* Reclaim extents from extent status tree */ struct shrinker s_es_shrinker; struct list_head s_es_list; /* List of inodes with reclaimable extents */ long s_es_nr_inode; struct ext4_es_stats s_es_stats; struct mb_cache *s_ea_block_cache; struct mb_cache *s_ea_inode_cache; spinlock_t s_es_lock ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /* Ratelimit ext4 messages. */ struct ratelimit_state s_err_ratelimit_state; struct ratelimit_state s_warning_ratelimit_state; struct ratelimit_state s_msg_ratelimit_state; atomic_t s_warning_count; atomic_t s_msg_count; /* Encryption policy for '-o test_dummy_encryption' */ struct fscrypt_dummy_policy s_dummy_enc_policy; /* * Barrier between writepages ops and changing any inode's JOURNAL_DATA * or EXTENTS flag. */ struct percpu_rw_semaphore s_writepages_rwsem; struct dax_device *s_daxdev; #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_DEBUG unsigned long s_simulate_fail; #endif /* Record the errseq of the backing block device */ errseq_t s_bdev_wb_err; spinlock_t s_bdev_wb_lock; /* Ext4 fast commit stuff */ atomic_t s_fc_subtid; atomic_t s_fc_ineligible_updates; /* * After commit starts, the main queue gets locked, and the further * updates get added in the staging queue. */ #define FC_Q_MAIN 0 #define FC_Q_STAGING 1 struct list_head s_fc_q[2]; /* Inodes staged for fast commit * that have data changes in them. */ struct list_head s_fc_dentry_q[2]; /* directory entry updates */ unsigned int s_fc_bytes; /* * Main fast commit lock. This lock protects accesses to the * following fields: * ei->i_fc_list, s_fc_dentry_q, s_fc_q, s_fc_bytes, s_fc_bh. */ spinlock_t s_fc_lock; struct buffer_head *s_fc_bh; struct ext4_fc_stats s_fc_stats; u64 s_fc_avg_commit_time; #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_DEBUG int s_fc_debug_max_replay; #endif struct ext4_fc_replay_state s_fc_replay_state; }; static inline struct ext4_sb_info *EXT4_SB(struct super_block *sb) { return sb->s_fs_info; } static inline struct ext4_inode_info *EXT4_I(struct inode *inode) { return container_of(inode, struct ext4_inode_info, vfs_inode); } static inline int ext4_valid_inum(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long ino) { return ino == EXT4_ROOT_INO || (ino >= EXT4_FIRST_INO(sb) && ino <= le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_inodes_count)); } /* * Returns: sbi->field[index] * Used to access an array element from the following sbi fields which require * rcu protection to avoid dereferencing an invalid pointer due to reassignment * - s_group_desc * - s_group_info * - s_flex_group */ #define sbi_array_rcu_deref(sbi, field, index) \ ({ \ typeof(*((sbi)->field)) _v; \ rcu_read_lock(); \ _v = ((typeof(_v)*)rcu_dereference((sbi)->field))[index]; \ rcu_read_unlock(); \ _v; \ }) /* * run-time mount flags */ enum { EXT4_MF_MNTDIR_SAMPLED, EXT4_MF_FS_ABORTED, /* Fatal error detected */ EXT4_MF_FC_INELIGIBLE, /* Fast commit ineligible */ EXT4_MF_FC_COMMITTING /* File system underoing a fast * commit. */ }; static inline void ext4_set_mount_flag(struct super_block *sb, int bit) { set_bit(bit, &EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_flags); } static inline void ext4_clear_mount_flag(struct super_block *sb, int bit) { clear_bit(bit, &EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_flags); } static inline int ext4_test_mount_flag(struct super_block *sb, int bit) { return test_bit(bit, &EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_flags); } /* * Simulate_fail codes */ #define EXT4_SIM_BBITMAP_EIO 1 #define EXT4_SIM_BBITMAP_CRC 2 #define EXT4_SIM_IBITMAP_EIO 3 #define EXT4_SIM_IBITMAP_CRC 4 #define EXT4_SIM_INODE_EIO 5 #define EXT4_SIM_INODE_CRC 6 #define EXT4_SIM_DIRBLOCK_EIO 7 #define EXT4_SIM_DIRBLOCK_CRC 8 static inline bool ext4_simulate_fail(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long code) { #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_DEBUG struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); if (unlikely(sbi->s_simulate_fail == code)) { sbi->s_simulate_fail = 0; return true; } #endif return false; } static inline void ext4_simulate_fail_bh(struct super_block *sb, struct buffer_head *bh, unsigned long code) { if (!IS_ERR(bh) && ext4_simulate_fail(sb, code)) clear_buffer_uptodate(bh); } /* * Error number codes for s_{first,last}_error_errno * * Linux errno numbers are architecture specific, so we need to translate * them into something which is architecture independent. We don't define * codes for all errno's; just the ones which are most likely to be the cause * of an ext4_error() call. */ #define EXT4_ERR_UNKNOWN 1 #define EXT4_ERR_EIO 2 #define EXT4_ERR_ENOMEM 3 #define EXT4_ERR_EFSBADCRC 4 #define EXT4_ERR_EFSCORRUPTED 5 #define EXT4_ERR_ENOSPC 6 #define EXT4_ERR_ENOKEY 7 #define EXT4_ERR_EROFS 8 #define EXT4_ERR_EFBIG 9 #define EXT4_ERR_EEXIST 10 #define EXT4_ERR_ERANGE 11 #define EXT4_ERR_EOVERFLOW 12 #define EXT4_ERR_EBUSY 13 #define EXT4_ERR_ENOTDIR 14 #define EXT4_ERR_ENOTEMPTY 15 #define EXT4_ERR_ESHUTDOWN 16 #define EXT4_ERR_EFAULT 17 /* * Inode dynamic state flags */ enum { EXT4_STATE_JDATA, /* journaled data exists */ EXT4_STATE_NEW, /* inode is newly created */ EXT4_STATE_XATTR, /* has in-inode xattrs */ EXT4_STATE_NO_EXPAND, /* No space for expansion */ EXT4_STATE_DA_ALLOC_CLOSE, /* Alloc DA blks on close */ EXT4_STATE_EXT_MIGRATE, /* Inode is migrating */ EXT4_STATE_NEWENTRY, /* File just added to dir */ EXT4_STATE_MAY_INLINE_DATA, /* may have in-inode data */ EXT4_STATE_EXT_PRECACHED, /* extents have been precached */ EXT4_STATE_LUSTRE_EA_INODE, /* Lustre-style ea_inode */ EXT4_STATE_VERITY_IN_PROGRESS, /* building fs-verity Merkle tree */ EXT4_STATE_FC_COMMITTING, /* Fast commit ongoing */ }; #define EXT4_INODE_BIT_FNS(name, field, offset) \ static inline int ext4_test_inode_##name(struct inode *inode, int bit) \ { \ return test_bit(bit + (offset), &EXT4_I(inode)->i_##field); \ } \ static inline void ext4_set_inode_##name(struct inode *inode, int bit) \ { \ set_bit(bit + (offset), &EXT4_I(inode)->i_##field); \ } \ static inline void ext4_clear_inode_##name(struct inode *inode, int bit) \ { \ clear_bit(bit + (offset), &EXT4_I(inode)->i_##field); \ } /* Add these declarations here only so that these functions can be * found by name. Otherwise, they are very hard to locate. */ static inline int ext4_test_inode_flag(struct inode *inode, int bit); static inline void ext4_set_inode_flag(struct inode *inode, int bit); static inline void ext4_clear_inode_flag(struct inode *inode, int bit); EXT4_INODE_BIT_FNS(flag, flags, 0) /* Add these declarations here only so that these functions can be * found by name. Otherwise, they are very hard to locate. */ static inline int ext4_test_inode_state(struct inode *inode, int bit); static inline void ext4_set_inode_state(struct inode *inode, int bit); static inline void ext4_clear_inode_state(struct inode *inode, int bit); #if (BITS_PER_LONG < 64) EXT4_INODE_BIT_FNS(state, state_flags, 0) static inline void ext4_clear_state_flags(struct ext4_inode_info *ei) { (ei)->i_state_flags = 0; } #else EXT4_INODE_BIT_FNS(state, flags, 32) static inline void ext4_clear_state_flags(struct ext4_inode_info *ei) { /* We depend on the fact that callers will set i_flags */ } #endif #else /* Assume that user mode programs are passing in an ext4fs superblock, not * a kernel struct super_block. This will allow us to call the feature-test * macros from user land. */ #define EXT4_SB(sb) (sb) #endif static inline bool ext4_verity_in_progress(struct inode *inode) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_FS_VERITY) && ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_VERITY_IN_PROGRESS); } #define NEXT_ORPHAN(inode) EXT4_I(inode)->i_dtime /* * Codes for operating systems */ #define EXT4_OS_LINUX 0 #define EXT4_OS_HURD 1 #define EXT4_OS_MASIX 2 #define EXT4_OS_FREEBSD 3 #define EXT4_OS_LITES 4 /* * Revision levels */ #define EXT4_GOOD_OLD_REV 0 /* The good old (original) format */ #define EXT4_DYNAMIC_REV 1 /* V2 format w/ dynamic inode sizes */ #define EXT4_CURRENT_REV EXT4_GOOD_OLD_REV #define EXT4_MAX_SUPP_REV EXT4_DYNAMIC_REV #define EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE 128 #define EXT4_EXTRA_TIMESTAMP_MAX (((s64)1 << 34) - 1 + S32_MIN) #define EXT4_NON_EXTRA_TIMESTAMP_MAX S32_MAX #define EXT4_TIMESTAMP_MIN S32_MIN /* * Feature set definitions */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_DIR_PREALLOC 0x0001 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_IMAGIC_INODES 0x0002 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_HAS_JOURNAL 0x0004 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_EXT_ATTR 0x0008 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_RESIZE_INODE 0x0010 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_DIR_INDEX 0x0020 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_SPARSE_SUPER2 0x0200 /* * The reason why "FAST_COMMIT" is a compat feature is that, FS becomes * incompatible only if fast commit blocks are present in the FS. Since we * clear the journal (and thus the fast commit blocks), we don't mark FS as * incompatible. We also have a JBD2 incompat feature, which gets set when * there are fast commit blocks present in the journal. */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FAST_COMMIT 0x0400 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_STABLE_INODES 0x0800 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SPARSE_SUPER 0x0001 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_LARGE_FILE 0x0002 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BTREE_DIR 0x0004 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_HUGE_FILE 0x0008 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_GDT_CSUM 0x0010 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_DIR_NLINK 0x0020 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_EXTRA_ISIZE 0x0040 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_QUOTA 0x0100 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BIGALLOC 0x0200 /* * METADATA_CSUM also enables group descriptor checksums (GDT_CSUM). When * METADATA_CSUM is set, group descriptor checksums use the same algorithm as * all other data structures' checksums. However, the METADATA_CSUM and * GDT_CSUM bits are mutually exclusive. */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_METADATA_CSUM 0x0400 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_READONLY 0x1000 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_PROJECT 0x2000 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_VERITY 0x8000 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_COMPRESSION 0x0001 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FILETYPE 0x0002 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_RECOVER 0x0004 /* Needs recovery */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_JOURNAL_DEV 0x0008 /* Journal device */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_META_BG 0x0010 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_EXTENTS 0x0040 /* extents support */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_64BIT 0x0080 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_MMP 0x0100 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FLEX_BG 0x0200 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_EA_INODE 0x0400 /* EA in inode */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_DIRDATA 0x1000 /* data in dirent */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_SEED 0x2000 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_LARGEDIR 0x4000 /* >2GB or 3-lvl htree */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_INLINE_DATA 0x8000 /* data in inode */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_ENCRYPT 0x10000 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CASEFOLD 0x20000 extern void ext4_update_dynamic_rev(struct super_block *sb); #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(name, flagname) \ static inline bool ext4_has_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ return ((EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_compat & \ cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_##flagname)) != 0); \ } \ static inline void ext4_set_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ ext4_update_dynamic_rev(sb); \ EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_compat |= \ cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } \ static inline void ext4_clear_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_compat &= \ ~cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(name, flagname) \ static inline bool ext4_has_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ return ((EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_ro_compat & \ cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_##flagname)) != 0); \ } \ static inline void ext4_set_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ ext4_update_dynamic_rev(sb); \ EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_ro_compat |= \ cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } \ static inline void ext4_clear_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_ro_compat &= \ ~cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(name, flagname) \ static inline bool ext4_has_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ return ((EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_incompat & \ cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_##flagname)) != 0); \ } \ static inline void ext4_set_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ ext4_update_dynamic_rev(sb); \ EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_incompat |= \ cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_##flagname); \ } \ static inline void ext4_clear_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_incompat &= \ ~cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_##flagname); \ } EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(dir_prealloc, DIR_PREALLOC) EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(imagic_inodes, IMAGIC_INODES) EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(journal, HAS_JOURNAL) EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(xattr, EXT_ATTR) EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(resize_inode, RESIZE_INODE) EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(dir_index, DIR_INDEX) EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(sparse_super2, SPARSE_SUPER2) EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(fast_commit, FAST_COMMIT) EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(stable_inodes, STABLE_INODES) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(sparse_super, SPARSE_SUPER) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(large_file, LARGE_FILE) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(btree_dir, BTREE_DIR) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(huge_file, HUGE_FILE) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(gdt_csum, GDT_CSUM) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(dir_nlink, DIR_NLINK) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(extra_isize, EXTRA_ISIZE) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(quota, QUOTA) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(bigalloc, BIGALLOC) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(metadata_csum, METADATA_CSUM) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(readonly, READONLY) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(project, PROJECT) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(verity, VERITY) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(compression, COMPRESSION) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(filetype, FILETYPE) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(journal_needs_recovery, RECOVER) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(journal_dev, JOURNAL_DEV) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(meta_bg, META_BG) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(extents, EXTENTS) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(64bit, 64BIT) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(mmp, MMP) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(flex_bg, FLEX_BG) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(ea_inode, EA_INODE) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(dirdata, DIRDATA) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(csum_seed, CSUM_SEED) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(largedir, LARGEDIR) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(inline_data, INLINE_DATA) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(encrypt, ENCRYPT) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(casefold, CASEFOLD) #define EXT2_FEATURE_COMPAT_SUPP EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_EXT_ATTR #define EXT2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_SUPP (EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FILETYPE| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_META_BG) #define EXT2_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SUPP (EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SPARSE_SUPER| \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_LARGE_FILE| \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BTREE_DIR) #define EXT3_FEATURE_COMPAT_SUPP EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_EXT_ATTR #define EXT3_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_SUPP (EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FILETYPE| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_RECOVER| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_META_BG) #define EXT3_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SUPP (EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SPARSE_SUPER| \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_LARGE_FILE| \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BTREE_DIR) #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_SUPP EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_EXT_ATTR #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_SUPP (EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FILETYPE| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_RECOVER| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_META_BG| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_EXTENTS| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_64BIT| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FLEX_BG| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_EA_INODE| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_MMP | \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_INLINE_DATA | \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_ENCRYPT | \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CASEFOLD | \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_SEED | \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_LARGEDIR) #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SUPP (EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SPARSE_SUPER| \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_LARGE_FILE| \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_GDT_CSUM| \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_DIR_NLINK | \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_EXTRA_ISIZE | \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BTREE_DIR |\ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_HUGE_FILE |\ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BIGALLOC |\ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_METADATA_CSUM|\ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_QUOTA |\ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_PROJECT |\ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_VERITY) #define EXTN_FEATURE_FUNCS(ver) \ static inline bool ext4_has_unknown_ext##ver##_compat_features(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ return ((EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_compat & \ cpu_to_le32(~EXT##ver##_FEATURE_COMPAT_SUPP)) != 0); \ } \ static inline bool ext4_has_unknown_ext##ver##_ro_compat_features(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ return ((EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_ro_compat & \ cpu_to_le32(~EXT##ver##_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SUPP)) != 0); \ } \ static inline bool ext4_has_unknown_ext##ver##_incompat_features(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ return ((EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_incompat & \ cpu_to_le32(~EXT##ver##_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_SUPP)) != 0); \ } EXTN_FEATURE_FUNCS(2) EXTN_FEATURE_FUNCS(3) EXTN_FEATURE_FUNCS(4) static inline bool ext4_has_compat_features(struct super_block *sb) { return (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_compat != 0); } static inline bool ext4_has_ro_compat_features(struct super_block *sb) { return (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_ro_compat != 0); } static inline bool ext4_has_incompat_features(struct super_block *sb) { return (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_incompat != 0); } /* * Superblock flags */ #define EXT4_FLAGS_RESIZING 0 #define EXT4_FLAGS_SHUTDOWN 1 #define EXT4_FLAGS_BDEV_IS_DAX 2 static inline int ext4_forced_shutdown(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi) { return test_bit(EXT4_FLAGS_SHUTDOWN, &sbi->s_ext4_flags); } /* * Default values for user and/or group using reserved blocks */ #define EXT4_DEF_RESUID 0 #define EXT4_DEF_RESGID 0 /* * Default project ID */ #define EXT4_DEF_PROJID 0 #define EXT4_DEF_INODE_READAHEAD_BLKS 32 /* * Default mount options */ #define EXT4_DEFM_DEBUG 0x0001 #define EXT4_DEFM_BSDGROUPS 0x0002 #define EXT4_DEFM_XATTR_USER 0x0004 #define EXT4_DEFM_ACL 0x0008 #define EXT4_DEFM_UID16 0x0010 #define EXT4_DEFM_JMODE 0x0060 #define EXT4_DEFM_JMODE_DATA 0x0020 #define EXT4_DEFM_JMODE_ORDERED 0x0040 #define EXT4_DEFM_JMODE_WBACK 0x0060 #define EXT4_DEFM_NOBARRIER 0x0100 #define EXT4_DEFM_BLOCK_VALIDITY 0x0200 #define EXT4_DEFM_DISCARD 0x0400 #define EXT4_DEFM_NODELALLOC 0x0800 /* * Default journal batch times */ #define EXT4_DEF_MIN_BATCH_TIME 0 #define EXT4_DEF_MAX_BATCH_TIME 15000 /* 15ms */ /* * Minimum number of groups in a flexgroup before we separate out * directories into the first block group of a flexgroup */ #define EXT4_FLEX_SIZE_DIR_ALLOC_SCHEME 4 /* * Structure of a directory entry */ #define EXT4_NAME_LEN 255 struct ext4_dir_entry { __le32 inode; /* Inode number */ __le16 rec_len; /* Directory entry length */ __le16 name_len; /* Name length */ char name[EXT4_NAME_LEN]; /* File name */ }; /* * The new version of the directory entry. Since EXT4 structures are * stored in intel byte order, and the name_len field could never be * bigger than 255 chars, it's safe to reclaim the extra byte for the * file_type field. */ struct ext4_dir_entry_2 { __le32 inode; /* Inode number */ __le16 rec_len; /* Directory entry length */ __u8 name_len; /* Name length */ __u8 file_type; /* See file type macros EXT4_FT_* below */ char name[EXT4_NAME_LEN]; /* File name */ }; /* * This is a bogus directory entry at the end of each leaf block that * records checksums. */ struct ext4_dir_entry_tail { __le32 det_reserved_zero1; /* Pretend to be unused */ __le16 det_rec_len; /* 12 */ __u8 det_reserved_zero2; /* Zero name length */ __u8 det_reserved_ft; /* 0xDE, fake file type */ __le32 det_checksum; /* crc32c(uuid+inum+dirblock) */ }; #define EXT4_DIRENT_TAIL(block, blocksize) \ ((struct ext4_dir_entry_tail *)(((void *)(block)) + \ ((blocksize) - \ sizeof(struct ext4_dir_entry_tail)))) /* * Ext4 directory file types. Only the low 3 bits are used. The * other bits are reserved for now. */ #define EXT4_FT_UNKNOWN 0 #define EXT4_FT_REG_FILE 1 #define EXT4_FT_DIR 2 #define EXT4_FT_CHRDEV 3 #define EXT4_FT_BLKDEV 4 #define EXT4_FT_FIFO 5 #define EXT4_FT_SOCK 6 #define EXT4_FT_SYMLINK 7 #define EXT4_FT_MAX 8 #define EXT4_FT_DIR_CSUM 0xDE /* * EXT4_DIR_PAD defines the directory entries boundaries * * NOTE: It must be a multiple of 4 */ #define EXT4_DIR_PAD 4 #define EXT4_DIR_ROUND (EXT4_DIR_PAD - 1) #define EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(name_len) (((name_len) + 8 + EXT4_DIR_ROUND) & \ ~EXT4_DIR_ROUND) #define EXT4_MAX_REC_LEN ((1<<16)-1) /* * If we ever get support for fs block sizes > page_size, we'll need * to remove the #if statements in the next two functions... */ static inline unsigned int ext4_rec_len_from_disk(__le16 dlen, unsigned blocksize) { unsigned len = le16_to_cpu(dlen); #if (PAGE_SIZE >= 65536) if (len == EXT4_MAX_REC_LEN || len == 0) return blocksize; return (len & 65532) | ((len & 3) << 16); #else return len; #endif } static inline __le16 ext4_rec_len_to_disk(unsigned len, unsigned blocksize) { if ((len > blocksize) || (blocksize > (1 << 18)) || (len & 3)) BUG(); #if (PAGE_SIZE >= 65536) if (len < 65536) return cpu_to_le16(len); if (len == blocksize) { if (blocksize == 65536) return cpu_to_le16(EXT4_MAX_REC_LEN); else return cpu_to_le16(0); } return cpu_to_le16((len & 65532) | ((len >> 16) & 3)); #else return cpu_to_le16(len); #endif } /* * Hash Tree Directory indexing * (c) Daniel Phillips, 2001 */ #define is_dx(dir) (ext4_has_feature_dir_index((dir)->i_sb) && \ ext4_test_inode_flag((dir), EXT4_INODE_INDEX)) #define EXT4_DIR_LINK_MAX(dir) unlikely((dir)->i_nlink >= EXT4_LINK_MAX && \ !(ext4_has_feature_dir_nlink((dir)->i_sb) && is_dx(dir))) #define EXT4_DIR_LINK_EMPTY(dir) ((dir)->i_nlink == 2 || (dir)->i_nlink == 1) /* Legal values for the dx_root hash_version field: */ #define DX_HASH_LEGACY 0 #define DX_HASH_HALF_MD4 1 #define DX_HASH_TEA 2 #define DX_HASH_LEGACY_UNSIGNED 3 #define DX_HASH_HALF_MD4_UNSIGNED 4 #define DX_HASH_TEA_UNSIGNED 5 static inline u32 ext4_chksum(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi, u32 crc, const void *address, unsigned int length) { struct { struct shash_desc shash; char ctx[4]; } desc; BUG_ON(crypto_shash_descsize(sbi->s_chksum_driver)!=sizeof(desc.ctx)); desc.shash.tfm = sbi->s_chksum_driver; *(u32 *)desc.ctx = crc; BUG_ON(crypto_shash_update(&desc.shash, address, length)); return *(u32 *)desc.ctx; } #ifdef __KERNEL__ /* hash info structure used by the directory hash */ struct dx_hash_info { u32 hash; u32 minor_hash; int hash_version; u32 *seed; }; /* 32 and 64 bit signed EOF for dx directories */ #define EXT4_HTREE_EOF_32BIT ((1UL << (32 - 1)) - 1) #define EXT4_HTREE_EOF_64BIT ((1ULL << (64 - 1)) - 1) /* * Control parameters used by ext4_htree_next_block */ #define HASH_NB_ALWAYS 1 struct ext4_filename { const struct qstr *usr_fname; struct fscrypt_str disk_name; struct dx_hash_info hinfo; #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION struct fscrypt_str crypto_buf; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE struct fscrypt_str cf_name; #endif }; #define fname_name(p) ((p)->disk_name.name) #define fname_len(p) ((p)->disk_name.len) /* * Describe an inode's exact location on disk and in memory */ struct ext4_iloc { struct buffer_head *bh; unsigned long offset; ext4_group_t block_group; }; static inline struct ext4_inode *ext4_raw_inode(struct ext4_iloc *iloc) { return (struct ext4_inode *) (iloc->bh->b_data + iloc->offset); } static inline bool ext4_is_quota_file(struct inode *inode) { return IS_NOQUOTA(inode) && !(EXT4_I(inode)->i_flags & EXT4_EA_INODE_FL); } /* * This structure is stuffed into the struct file's private_data field * for directories. It is where we put information so that we can do * readdir operations in hash tree order. */ struct dir_private_info { struct rb_root root; struct rb_node *curr_node; struct fname *extra_fname; loff_t last_pos; __u32 curr_hash; __u32 curr_minor_hash; __u32 next_hash; }; /* calculate the first block number of the group */ static inline ext4_fsblk_t ext4_group_first_block_no(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group_no) { return group_no * (ext4_fsblk_t)EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb) + le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_first_data_block); } /* * Special error return code only used by dx_probe() and its callers. */ #define ERR_BAD_DX_DIR (-(MAX_ERRNO - 1)) /* htree levels for ext4 */ #define EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL_COMPAT 2 #define EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL 3 static inline int ext4_dir_htree_level(struct super_block *sb) { return ext4_has_feature_largedir(sb) ? EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL : EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL_COMPAT; } /* * Timeout and state flag for lazy initialization inode thread. */ #define EXT4_DEF_LI_WAIT_MULT 10 #define EXT4_DEF_LI_MAX_START_DELAY 5 #define EXT4_LAZYINIT_QUIT 0x0001 #define EXT4_LAZYINIT_RUNNING 0x0002 /* * Lazy inode table initialization info */ struct ext4_lazy_init { unsigned long li_state; struct list_head li_request_list; struct mutex li_list_mtx; }; enum ext4_li_mode { EXT4_LI_MODE_PREFETCH_BBITMAP, EXT4_LI_MODE_ITABLE, }; struct ext4_li_request { struct super_block *lr_super; enum ext4_li_mode lr_mode; ext4_group_t lr_first_not_zeroed; ext4_group_t lr_next_group; struct list_head lr_request; unsigned long lr_next_sched; unsigned long lr_timeout; }; struct ext4_features { struct kobject f_kobj; struct completion f_kobj_unregister; }; /* * This structure will be used for multiple mount protection. It will be * written into the block number saved in the s_mmp_block field in the * superblock. Programs that check MMP should assume that if * SEQ_FSCK (or any unknown code above SEQ_MAX) is present then it is NOT safe * to use the filesystem, regardless of how old the timestamp is. */ #define EXT4_MMP_MAGIC 0x004D4D50U /* ASCII for MMP */ #define EXT4_MMP_SEQ_CLEAN 0xFF4D4D50U /* mmp_seq value for clean unmount */ #define EXT4_MMP_SEQ_FSCK 0xE24D4D50U /* mmp_seq value when being fscked */ #define EXT4_MMP_SEQ_MAX 0xE24D4D4FU /* maximum valid mmp_seq value */ struct mmp_struct { __le32 mmp_magic; /* Magic number for MMP */ __le32 mmp_seq; /* Sequence no. updated periodically */ /* * mmp_time, mmp_nodename & mmp_bdevname are only used for information * purposes and do not affect the correctness of the algorithm */ __le64 mmp_time; /* Time last updated */ char mmp_nodename[64]; /* Node which last updated MMP block */ char mmp_bdevname[32]; /* Bdev which last updated MMP block */ /* * mmp_check_interval is used to verify if the MMP block has been * updated on the block device. The value is updated based on the * maximum time to write the MMP block during an update cycle. */ __le16 mmp_check_interval; __le16 mmp_pad1; __le32 mmp_pad2[226]; __le32 mmp_checksum; /* crc32c(uuid+mmp_block) */ }; /* arguments passed to the mmp thread */ struct mmpd_data { struct buffer_head *bh; /* bh from initial read_mmp_block() */ struct super_block *sb; /* super block of the fs */ }; /* * Check interval multiplier * The MMP block is written every update interval and initially checked every * update interval x the multiplier (the value is then adapted based on the * write latency). The reason is that writes can be delayed under load and we * don't want readers to incorrectly assume that the filesystem is no longer * in use. */ #define EXT4_MMP_CHECK_MULT 2UL /* * Minimum interval for MMP checking in seconds. */ #define EXT4_MMP_MIN_CHECK_INTERVAL 5UL /* * Maximum interval for MMP checking in seconds. */ #define EXT4_MMP_MAX_CHECK_INTERVAL 300UL /* * Function prototypes */ /* * Ok, these declarations are also in <linux/kernel.h> but none of the * ext4 source programs needs to include it so they are duplicated here. */ # define NORET_TYPE /**/ # define ATTRIB_NORET __attribute__((noreturn)) # define NORET_AND noreturn, /* bitmap.c */ extern unsigned int ext4_count_free(char *bitmap, unsigned numchars); void ext4_inode_bitmap_csum_set(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp, struct buffer_head *bh, int sz); int ext4_inode_bitmap_csum_verify(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp, struct buffer_head *bh, int sz); void ext4_block_bitmap_csum_set(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp, struct buffer_head *bh); int ext4_block_bitmap_csum_verify(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp, struct buffer_head *bh); /* balloc.c */ extern void ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t blocknr, ext4_group_t *blockgrpp, ext4_grpblk_t *offsetp); extern ext4_group_t ext4_get_group_number(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t block); extern unsigned int ext4_block_group(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t blocknr); extern ext4_grpblk_t ext4_block_group_offset(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t blocknr); extern int ext4_bg_has_super(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group); extern unsigned long ext4_bg_num_gdb(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group); extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_new_meta_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, ext4_fsblk_t goal, unsigned int flags, unsigned long *count, int *errp); extern int ext4_claim_free_clusters(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi, s64 nclusters, unsigned int flags); extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_count_free_clusters(struct super_block *); extern void ext4_check_blocks_bitmap(struct super_block *); extern struct ext4_group_desc * ext4_get_group_desc(struct super_block * sb, ext4_group_t block_group, struct buffer_head ** bh); extern int ext4_should_retry_alloc(struct super_block *sb, int *retries); extern struct buffer_head *ext4_read_block_bitmap_nowait(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t block_group, bool ignore_locked); extern int ext4_wait_block_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t block_group, struct buffer_head *bh); extern struct buffer_head *ext4_read_block_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t block_group); extern unsigned ext4_free_clusters_after_init(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t block_group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp); ext4_fsblk_t ext4_inode_to_goal_block(struct inode *); #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE extern void ext4_fname_setup_ci_filename(struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *iname, struct fscrypt_str *fname); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION static inline void ext4_fname_from_fscrypt_name(struct ext4_filename *dst, const struct fscrypt_name *src) { memset(dst, 0, sizeof(*dst)); dst->usr_fname = src->usr_fname; dst->disk_name = src->disk_name; dst->hinfo.hash = src->hash; dst->hinfo.minor_hash = src->minor_hash; dst->crypto_buf = src->crypto_buf; } static inline int ext4_fname_setup_filename(struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *iname, int lookup, struct ext4_filename *fname) { struct fscrypt_name name; int err; err = fscrypt_setup_filename(dir, iname, lookup, &name); if (err) return err; ext4_fname_from_fscrypt_name(fname, &name); #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE ext4_fname_setup_ci_filename(dir, iname, &fname->cf_name); #endif return 0; } static inline int ext4_fname_prepare_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, struct ext4_filename *fname) { struct fscrypt_name name; int err; err = fscrypt_prepare_lookup(dir, dentry, &name); if (err) return err; ext4_fname_from_fscrypt_name(fname, &name); #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE ext4_fname_setup_ci_filename(dir, &dentry->d_name, &fname->cf_name); #endif return 0; } static inline void ext4_fname_free_filename(struct ext4_filename *fname) { struct fscrypt_name name; name.crypto_buf = fname->crypto_buf; fscrypt_free_filename(&name); fname->crypto_buf.name = NULL; fname->usr_fname = NULL; fname->disk_name.name = NULL; #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE kfree(fname->cf_name.name); fname->cf_name.name = NULL; #endif } #else /* !CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION */ static inline int ext4_fname_setup_filename(struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *iname, int lookup, struct ext4_filename *fname) { fname->usr_fname = iname; fname->disk_name.name = (unsigned char *) iname->name; fname->disk_name.len = iname->len; #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE ext4_fname_setup_ci_filename(dir, iname, &fname->cf_name); #endif return 0; } static inline int ext4_fname_prepare_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, struct ext4_filename *fname) { return ext4_fname_setup_filename(dir, &dentry->d_name, 1, fname); } static inline void ext4_fname_free_filename(struct ext4_filename *fname) { #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE kfree(fname->cf_name.name); fname->cf_name.name = NULL; #endif } #endif /* !CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION */ /* dir.c */ extern int __ext4_check_dir_entry(const char *, unsigned int, struct inode *, struct file *, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *, struct buffer_head *, char *, int, unsigned int); #define ext4_check_dir_entry(dir, filp, de, bh, buf, size, offset) \ unlikely(__ext4_check_dir_entry(__func__, __LINE__, (dir), (filp), \ (de), (bh), (buf), (size), (offset))) extern int ext4_htree_store_dirent(struct file *dir_file, __u32 hash, __u32 minor_hash, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *dirent, struct fscrypt_str *ent_name); extern void ext4_htree_free_dir_info(struct dir_private_info *p); extern int ext4_find_dest_de(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh, void *buf, int buf_size, struct ext4_filename *fname, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **dest_de); void ext4_insert_dentry(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, int buf_size, struct ext4_filename *fname); static inline void ext4_update_dx_flag(struct inode *inode) { if (!ext4_has_feature_dir_index(inode->i_sb) && ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_INDEX)) { /* ext4_iget() should have caught this... */ WARN_ON_ONCE(ext4_has_feature_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb)); ext4_clear_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_INDEX); } } static const unsigned char ext4_filetype_table[] = { DT_UNKNOWN, DT_REG, DT_DIR, DT_CHR, DT_BLK, DT_FIFO, DT_SOCK, DT_LNK }; static inline unsigned char get_dtype(struct super_block *sb, int filetype) { if (!ext4_has_feature_filetype(sb) || filetype >= EXT4_FT_MAX) return DT_UNKNOWN; return ext4_filetype_table[filetype]; } extern int ext4_check_all_de(struct inode *dir, struct buffer_head *bh, void *buf, int buf_size); /* fsync.c */ extern int ext4_sync_file(struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int); /* hash.c */ extern int ext4fs_dirhash(const struct inode *dir, const char *name, int len, struct dx_hash_info *hinfo); /* ialloc.c */ extern int ext4_mark_inode_used(struct super_block *sb, int ino); extern struct inode *__ext4_new_inode(handle_t *, struct inode *, umode_t, const struct qstr *qstr, __u32 goal, uid_t *owner, __u32 i_flags, int handle_type, unsigned int line_no, int nblocks); #define ext4_new_inode(handle, dir, mode, qstr, goal, owner, i_flags) \ __ext4_new_inode((handle), (dir), (mode), (qstr), (goal), (owner), \ i_flags, 0, 0, 0) #define ext4_new_inode_start_handle(dir, mode, qstr, goal, owner, \ type, nblocks) \ __ext4_new_inode(NULL, (dir), (mode), (qstr), (goal), (owner), \ 0, (type), __LINE__, (nblocks)) extern void ext4_free_inode(handle_t *, struct inode *); extern struct inode * ext4_orphan_get(struct super_block *, unsigned long); extern unsigned long ext4_count_free_inodes(struct super_block *); extern unsigned long ext4_count_dirs(struct super_block *); extern void ext4_check_inodes_bitmap(struct super_block *); extern void ext4_mark_bitmap_end(int start_bit, int end_bit, char *bitmap); extern int ext4_init_inode_table(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, int barrier); extern void ext4_end_bitmap_read(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate); /* fast_commit.c */ int ext4_fc_info_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v); void ext4_fc_init(struct super_block *sb, journal_t *journal); void ext4_fc_init_inode(struct inode *inode); void ext4_fc_track_range(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t start, ext4_lblk_t end); void __ext4_fc_track_unlink(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry); void __ext4_fc_track_link(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry); void ext4_fc_track_unlink(handle_t *handle, struct dentry *dentry); void ext4_fc_track_link(handle_t *handle, struct dentry *dentry); void __ext4_fc_track_create(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry); void ext4_fc_track_create(handle_t *handle, struct dentry *dentry); void ext4_fc_track_inode(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode); void ext4_fc_mark_ineligible(struct super_block *sb, int reason); void ext4_fc_start_ineligible(struct super_block *sb, int reason); void ext4_fc_stop_ineligible(struct super_block *sb); void ext4_fc_start_update(struct inode *inode); void ext4_fc_stop_update(struct inode *inode); void ext4_fc_del(struct inode *inode); bool ext4_fc_replay_check_excluded(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t block); void ext4_fc_replay_cleanup(struct super_block *sb); int ext4_fc_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t commit_tid); int __init ext4_fc_init_dentry_cache(void); /* mballoc.c */ extern const struct seq_operations ext4_mb_seq_groups_ops; extern long ext4_mb_stats; extern long ext4_mb_max_to_scan; extern int ext4_mb_init(struct super_block *); extern int ext4_mb_release(struct super_block *); extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_mb_new_blocks(handle_t *, struct ext4_allocation_request *, int *); extern int ext4_mb_reserve_blocks(struct super_block *, int); extern void ext4_discard_preallocations(struct inode *, unsigned int); extern int __init ext4_init_mballoc(void); extern void ext4_exit_mballoc(void); extern ext4_group_t ext4_mb_prefetch(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, unsigned int nr, int *cnt); extern void ext4_mb_prefetch_fini(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, unsigned int nr); extern void ext4_free_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh, ext4_fsblk_t block, unsigned long count, int flags); extern int ext4_mb_alloc_groupinfo(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t ngroups); extern int ext4_mb_add_groupinfo(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t i, struct ext4_group_desc *desc); extern int ext4_group_add_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t block, unsigned long count); extern int ext4_trim_fs(struct super_block *, struct fstrim_range *); extern void ext4_process_freed_data(struct super_block *sb, tid_t commit_tid); extern void ext4_mb_mark_bb(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t block, int len, int state); /* inode.c */ void ext4_inode_csum_set(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_inode *raw, struct ext4_inode_info *ei); int ext4_inode_is_fast_symlink(struct inode *inode); struct buffer_head *ext4_getblk(handle_t *, struct inode *, ext4_lblk_t, int); struct buffer_head *ext4_bread(handle_t *, struct inode *, ext4_lblk_t, int); int ext4_bread_batch(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t block, int bh_count, bool wait, struct buffer_head **bhs); int ext4_get_block_unwritten(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock, struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create); int ext4_get_block(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock, struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create); int ext4_da_get_block_prep(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock, struct buffer_head *bh, int create); int ext4_walk_page_buffers(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *head, unsigned from, unsigned to, int *partial, int (*fn)(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh)); int do_journal_get_write_access(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh); #define FALL_BACK_TO_NONDELALLOC 1 #define CONVERT_INLINE_DATA 2 typedef enum { EXT4_IGET_NORMAL = 0, EXT4_IGET_SPECIAL = 0x0001, /* OK to iget a system inode */ EXT4_IGET_HANDLE = 0x0002 /* Inode # is from a handle */ } ext4_iget_flags; extern struct inode *__ext4_iget(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long ino, ext4_iget_flags flags, const char *function, unsigned int line); #define ext4_iget(sb, ino, flags) \ __ext4_iget((sb), (ino), (flags), __func__, __LINE__) extern int ext4_write_inode(struct inode *, struct writeback_control *); extern int ext4_setattr(struct dentry *, struct iattr *); extern int ext4_getattr(const struct path *, struct kstat *, u32, unsigned int); extern void ext4_evict_inode(struct inode *); extern void ext4_clear_inode(struct inode *); extern int ext4_file_getattr(const struct path *, struct kstat *, u32, unsigned int); extern int ext4_sync_inode(handle_t *, struct inode *); extern void ext4_dirty_inode(struct inode *, int); extern int ext4_change_inode_journal_flag(struct inode *, int); extern int ext4_get_inode_loc(struct inode *, struct ext4_iloc *); extern int ext4_get_fc_inode_loc(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long ino, struct ext4_iloc *iloc); extern int ext4_inode_attach_jinode(struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_can_truncate(struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_truncate(struct inode *); extern int ext4_break_layouts(struct inode *); extern int ext4_punch_hole(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t length); extern void ext4_set_inode_flags(struct inode *, bool init); extern int ext4_alloc_da_blocks(struct inode *inode); extern void ext4_set_aops(struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(struct inode *); extern int ext4_chunk_trans_blocks(struct inode *, int nrblocks); extern int ext4_zero_partial_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); extern vm_fault_t ext4_page_mkwrite(struct vm_fault *vmf); extern vm_fault_t ext4_filemap_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf); extern qsize_t *ext4_get_reserved_space(struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_get_projid(struct inode *inode, kprojid_t *projid); extern void ext4_da_release_space(struct inode *inode, int to_free); extern void ext4_da_update_reserve_space(struct inode *inode, int used, int quota_claim); extern int ext4_issue_zeroout(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk, ext4_fsblk_t pblk, ext4_lblk_t len); /* indirect.c */ extern int ext4_ind_map_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, int flags); extern int ext4_ind_trans_blocks(struct inode *inode, int nrblocks); extern void ext4_ind_truncate(handle_t *, struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_ind_remove_space(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t start, ext4_lblk_t end); /* ioctl.c */ extern long ext4_ioctl(struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long); extern long ext4_compat_ioctl(struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long); extern void ext4_reset_inode_seed(struct inode *inode); /* migrate.c */ extern int ext4_ext_migrate(struct inode *); extern int ext4_ind_migrate(struct inode *inode); /* namei.c */ extern int ext4_init_new_dir(handle_t *handle, struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_dirblock_csum_verify(struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh); extern int ext4_orphan_add(handle_t *, struct inode *); extern int ext4_orphan_del(handle_t *, struct inode *); extern int ext4_htree_fill_tree(struct file *dir_file, __u32 start_hash, __u32 start_minor_hash, __u32 *next_hash); extern int ext4_search_dir(struct buffer_head *bh, char *search_buf, int buf_size, struct inode *dir, struct ext4_filename *fname, unsigned int offset, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **res_dir); extern int ext4_generic_delete_entry(struct inode *dir, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de_del, struct buffer_head *bh, void *entry_buf, int buf_size, int csum_size); extern bool ext4_empty_dir(struct inode *inode); /* resize.c */ extern void ext4_kvfree_array_rcu(void *to_free); extern int ext4_group_add(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_new_group_data *input); extern int ext4_group_extend(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_super_block *es, ext4_fsblk_t n_blocks_count); extern int ext4_resize_fs(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t n_blocks_count); /* super.c */ extern struct buffer_head *ext4_sb_bread(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block, int op_flags); extern struct buffer_head *ext4_sb_bread_unmovable(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block); extern void ext4_read_bh_nowait(struct buffer_head *bh, int op_flags, bh_end_io_t *end_io); extern int ext4_read_bh(struct buffer_head *bh, int op_flags, bh_end_io_t *end_io); extern int ext4_read_bh_lock(struct buffer_head *bh, int op_flags, bool wait); extern void ext4_sb_breadahead_unmovable(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block); extern int ext4_seq_options_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *offset); extern int ext4_calculate_overhead(struct super_block *sb); extern void ext4_superblock_csum_set(struct super_block *sb); extern int ext4_alloc_flex_bg_array(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t ngroup); extern const char *ext4_decode_error(struct super_block *sb, int errno, char nbuf[16]); extern void ext4_mark_group_bitmap_corrupted(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t block_group, unsigned int flags); extern __printf(6, 7) void __ext4_error(struct super_block *, const char *, unsigned int, int, __u64, const char *, ...); extern __printf(6, 7) void __ext4_error_inode(struct inode *, const char *, unsigned int, ext4_fsblk_t, int, const char *, ...); extern __printf(5, 6) void __ext4_error_file(struct file *, const char *, unsigned int, ext4_fsblk_t, const char *, ...); extern void __ext4_std_error(struct super_block *, const char *, unsigned int, int); extern __printf(5, 6) void __ext4_abort(struct super_block *, const char *, unsigned int, int, const char *, ...); extern __printf(4, 5) void __ext4_warning(struct super_block *, const char *, unsigned int, const char *, ...); extern __printf(4, 5) void __ext4_warning_inode(const struct inode *inode, const char *function, unsigned int line, const char *fmt, ...); extern __printf(3, 4) void __ext4_msg(struct super_block *, const char *, const char *, ...); extern void __dump_mmp_msg(struct super_block *, struct mmp_struct *mmp, const char *, unsigned int, const char *); extern __printf(7, 8) void __ext4_grp_locked_error(const char *, unsigned int, struct super_block *, ext4_group_t, unsigned long, ext4_fsblk_t, const char *, ...); #define EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, fmt, a...) \ ext4_error_inode((inode), __func__, __LINE__, 0, (fmt), ## a) #define EXT4_ERROR_INODE_ERR(inode, err, fmt, a...) \ __ext4_error_inode((inode), __func__, __LINE__, 0, (err), (fmt), ## a) #define ext4_error_inode_block(inode, block, err, fmt, a...) \ __ext4_error_inode((inode), __func__, __LINE__, (block), (err), \ (fmt), ## a) #define EXT4_ERROR_FILE(file, block, fmt, a...) \ ext4_error_file((file), __func__, __LINE__, (block), (fmt), ## a) #ifdef CONFIG_PRINTK #define ext4_error_inode(inode, func, line, block, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_error_inode(inode, func, line, block, 0, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ext4_error_inode_err(inode, func, line, block, err, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_error_inode((inode), (func), (line), (block), \ (err), (fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ext4_error_file(file, func, line, block, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_error_file(file, func, line, block, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ext4_error(sb, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_error((sb), __func__, __LINE__, 0, 0, (fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ext4_error_err(sb, err, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_error((sb), __func__, __LINE__, (err), 0, (fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ext4_abort(sb, err, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_abort((sb), __func__, __LINE__, (err), (fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ext4_warning(sb, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_warning(sb, __func__, __LINE__, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ext4_warning_inode(inode, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_warning_inode(inode, __func__, __LINE__, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ext4_msg(sb, level, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_msg(sb, level, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define dump_mmp_msg(sb, mmp, msg) \ __dump_mmp_msg(sb, mmp, __func__, __LINE__, msg) #define ext4_grp_locked_error(sb, grp, ino, block, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_grp_locked_error(__func__, __LINE__, sb, grp, ino, block, \ fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define ext4_error_inode(inode, func, line, block, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_error_inode(inode, "", 0, block, 0, " "); \ } while (0) #define ext4_error_inode_err(inode, func, line, block, err, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_error_inode(inode, "", 0, block, err, " "); \ } while (0) #define ext4_error_file(file, func, line, block, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_error_file(file, "", 0, block, " "); \ } while (0) #define ext4_error(sb, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_error(sb, "", 0, 0, 0, " "); \ } while (0) #define ext4_error_err(sb, err, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_error(sb, "", 0, err, 0, " "); \ } while (0) #define ext4_abort(sb, err, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_abort(sb, "", 0, err, " "); \ } while (0) #define ext4_warning(sb, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_warning(sb, "", 0, " "); \ } while (0) #define ext4_warning_inode(inode, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_warning_inode(inode, "", 0, " "); \ } while (0) #define ext4_msg(sb, level, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_msg(sb, "", " "); \ } while (0) #define dump_mmp_msg(sb, mmp, msg) \ __dump_mmp_msg(sb, mmp, "", 0, "") #define ext4_grp_locked_error(sb, grp, ino, block, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_grp_locked_error("", 0, sb, grp, ino, block, " "); \ } while (0) #endif extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_block_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg); extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_inode_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg); extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_inode_table(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg); extern __u32 ext4_free_group_clusters(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg); extern __u32 ext4_free_inodes_count(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg); extern __u32 ext4_used_dirs_count(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg); extern __u32 ext4_itable_unused_count(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg); extern void ext4_block_bitmap_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, ext4_fsblk_t blk); extern void ext4_inode_bitmap_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, ext4_fsblk_t blk); extern void ext4_inode_table_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, ext4_fsblk_t blk); extern void ext4_free_group_clusters_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, __u32 count); extern void ext4_free_inodes_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, __u32 count); extern void ext4_used_dirs_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, __u32 count); extern void ext4_itable_unused_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, __u32 count); extern int ext4_group_desc_csum_verify(struct super_block *sb, __u32 group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp); extern void ext4_group_desc_csum_set(struct super_block *sb, __u32 group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp); extern int ext4_register_li_request(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t first_not_zeroed); static inline int ext4_has_metadata_csum(struct super_block *sb) { WARN_ON_ONCE(ext4_has_feature_metadata_csum(sb) && !EXT4_SB(sb)->s_chksum_driver); return ext4_has_feature_metadata_csum(sb) && (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_chksum_driver != NULL); } static inline int ext4_has_group_desc_csum(struct super_block *sb) { return ext4_has_feature_gdt_csum(sb) || ext4_has_metadata_csum(sb); } #define ext4_read_incompat_64bit_val(es, name) \ (((es)->s_feature_incompat & cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_64BIT) \ ? (ext4_fsblk_t)le32_to_cpu(es->name##_hi) << 32 : 0) | \ le32_to_cpu(es->name##_lo)) static inline ext4_fsblk_t ext4_blocks_count(struct ext4_super_block *es) { return ext4_read_incompat_64bit_val(es, s_blocks_count); } static inline ext4_fsblk_t ext4_r_blocks_count(struct ext4_super_block *es) { return ext4_read_incompat_64bit_val(es, s_r_blocks_count); } static inline ext4_fsblk_t ext4_free_blocks_count(struct ext4_super_block *es) { return ext4_read_incompat_64bit_val(es, s_free_blocks_count); } static inline void ext4_blocks_count_set(struct ext4_super_block *es, ext4_fsblk_t blk) { es->s_blocks_count_lo = cpu_to_le32((u32)blk); es->s_blocks_count_hi = cpu_to_le32(blk >> 32); } static inline void ext4_free_blocks_count_set(struct ext4_super_block *es, ext4_fsblk_t blk) { es->s_free_blocks_count_lo = cpu_to_le32((u32)blk); es->s_free_blocks_count_hi = cpu_to_le32(blk >> 32); } static inline void ext4_r_blocks_count_set(struct ext4_super_block *es, ext4_fsblk_t blk) { es->s_r_blocks_count_lo = cpu_to_le32((u32)blk); es->s_r_blocks_count_hi = cpu_to_le32(blk >> 32); } static inline loff_t ext4_isize(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_inode *raw_inode) { if (ext4_has_feature_largedir(sb) || S_ISREG(le16_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_mode))) return ((loff_t)le32_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_size_high) << 32) | le32_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_size_lo); return (loff_t) le32_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_size_lo); } static inline void ext4_isize_set(struct ext4_inode *raw_inode, loff_t i_size) { raw_inode->i_size_lo = cpu_to_le32(i_size); raw_inode->i_size_high = cpu_to_le32(i_size >> 32); } static inline struct ext4_group_info *ext4_get_group_info(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group) { struct ext4_group_info **grp_info; long indexv, indexh; BUG_ON(group >= EXT4_SB(sb)->s_groups_count); indexv = group >> (EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK_BITS(sb)); indexh = group & ((EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb)) - 1); grp_info = sbi_array_rcu_deref(EXT4_SB(sb), s_group_info, indexv); return grp_info[indexh]; } /* * Reading s_groups_count requires using smp_rmb() afterwards. See * the locking protocol documented in the comments of ext4_group_add() * in resize.c */ static inline ext4_group_t ext4_get_groups_count(struct super_block *sb) { ext4_group_t ngroups = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_groups_count; smp_rmb(); return ngroups; } static inline ext4_group_t ext4_flex_group(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi, ext4_group_t block_group) { return block_group >> sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex; } static inline unsigned int ext4_flex_bg_size(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi) { return 1 << sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex; } #define ext4_std_error(sb, errno) \ do { \ if ((errno)) \ __ext4_std_error((sb), __func__, __LINE__, (errno)); \ } while (0) #ifdef CONFIG_SMP /* Each CPU can accumulate percpu_counter_batch clusters in their local * counters. So we need to make sure we have free clusters more * than percpu_counter_batch * nr_cpu_ids. Also add a window of 4 times. */ #define EXT4_FREECLUSTERS_WATERMARK (4 * (percpu_counter_batch * nr_cpu_ids)) #else #define EXT4_FREECLUSTERS_WATERMARK 0 #endif /* Update i_disksize. Requires i_mutex to avoid races with truncate */ static inline void ext4_update_i_disksize(struct inode *inode, loff_t newsize) { WARN_ON_ONCE(S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) && !inode_is_locked(inode)); down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); if (newsize > EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize) WRITE_ONCE(EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize, newsize); up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); } /* Update i_size, i_disksize. Requires i_mutex to avoid races with truncate */ static inline int ext4_update_inode_size(struct inode *inode, loff_t newsize) { int changed = 0; if (newsize > inode->i_size) { i_size_write(inode, newsize); changed = 1; } if (newsize > EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize) { ext4_update_i_disksize(inode, newsize); changed |= 2; } return changed; } int ext4_update_disksize_before_punch(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t len); struct ext4_group_info { unsigned long bb_state; #ifdef AGGRESSIVE_CHECK unsigned long bb_check_counter; #endif struct rb_root bb_free_root; ext4_grpblk_t bb_first_free; /* first free block */ ext4_grpblk_t bb_free; /* total free blocks */ ext4_grpblk_t bb_fragments; /* nr of freespace fragments */ ext4_grpblk_t bb_largest_free_order;/* order of largest frag in BG */ struct list_head bb_prealloc_list; #ifdef DOUBLE_CHECK void *bb_bitmap; #endif struct rw_semaphore alloc_sem; ext4_grpblk_t bb_counters[]; /* Nr of free power-of-two-block * regions, index is order. * bb_counters[3] = 5 means * 5 free 8-block regions. */ }; #define EXT4_GROUP_INFO_NEED_INIT_BIT 0 #define EXT4_GROUP_INFO_WAS_TRIMMED_BIT 1 #define EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT 2 #define EXT4_GROUP_INFO_IBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT 3 #define EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_CORRUPT \ (1 << EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT) #define EXT4_GROUP_INFO_IBITMAP_CORRUPT \ (1 << EXT4_GROUP_INFO_IBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT) #define EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_READ_BIT 4 #define EXT4_MB_GRP_NEED_INIT(grp) \ (test_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_NEED_INIT_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state))) #define EXT4_MB_GRP_BBITMAP_CORRUPT(grp) \ (test_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state))) #define EXT4_MB_GRP_IBITMAP_CORRUPT(grp) \ (test_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_IBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state))) #define EXT4_MB_GRP_WAS_TRIMMED(grp) \ (test_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_WAS_TRIMMED_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state))) #define EXT4_MB_GRP_SET_TRIMMED(grp) \ (set_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_WAS_TRIMMED_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state))) #define EXT4_MB_GRP_CLEAR_TRIMMED(grp) \ (clear_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_WAS_TRIMMED_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state))) #define EXT4_MB_GRP_TEST_AND_SET_READ(grp) \ (test_and_set_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_READ_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state))) #define EXT4_MAX_CONTENTION 8 #define EXT4_CONTENTION_THRESHOLD 2 static inline spinlock_t *ext4_group_lock_ptr(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group) { return bgl_lock_ptr(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_blockgroup_lock, group); } /* * Returns true if the filesystem is busy enough that attempts to * access the block group locks has run into contention. */ static inline int ext4_fs_is_busy(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi) { return (atomic_read(&sbi->s_lock_busy) > EXT4_CONTENTION_THRESHOLD); } static inline void ext4_lock_group(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group) { spinlock_t *lock = ext4_group_lock_ptr(sb, group); if (spin_trylock(lock)) /* * We're able to grab the lock right away, so drop the * lock contention counter. */ atomic_add_unless(&EXT4_SB(sb)->s_lock_busy, -1, 0); else { /* * The lock is busy, so bump the contention counter, * and then wait on the spin lock. */ atomic_add_unless(&EXT4_SB(sb)->s_lock_busy, 1, EXT4_MAX_CONTENTION); spin_lock(lock); } } static inline void ext4_unlock_group(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group) { spin_unlock(ext4_group_lock_ptr(sb, group)); } /* * Block validity checking */ #define ext4_check_indirect_blockref(inode, bh) \ ext4_check_blockref(__func__, __LINE__, inode, \ (__le32 *)(bh)->b_data, \ EXT4_ADDR_PER_BLOCK((inode)->i_sb)) #define ext4_ind_check_inode(inode) \ ext4_check_blockref(__func__, __LINE__, inode, \ EXT4_I(inode)->i_data, \ EXT4_NDIR_BLOCKS) /* * Inodes and files operations */ /* dir.c */ extern const struct file_operations ext4_dir_operations; #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE extern const struct dentry_operations ext4_dentry_ops; #endif /* file.c */ extern const struct inode_operations ext4_file_inode_operations; extern const struct file_operations ext4_file_operations; extern loff_t ext4_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int origin); /* inline.c */ extern int ext4_get_max_inline_size(struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_find_inline_data_nolock(struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_init_inline_data(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, unsigned int len); extern int ext4_destroy_inline_data(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_readpage_inline(struct inode *inode, struct page *page); extern int ext4_try_to_write_inline_data(struct address_space *mapping, struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep); extern int ext4_write_inline_data_end(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page); extern struct buffer_head * ext4_journalled_write_inline_data(struct inode *inode, unsigned len, struct page *page); extern int ext4_da_write_inline_data_begin(struct address_space *mapping, struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, void **fsdata); extern int ext4_da_write_inline_data_end(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page); extern int ext4_try_add_inline_entry(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_filename *fname, struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_try_create_inline_dir(handle_t *handle, struct inode *parent, struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_read_inline_dir(struct file *filp, struct dir_context *ctx, int *has_inline_data); extern int ext4_inlinedir_to_tree(struct file *dir_file, struct inode *dir, ext4_lblk_t block, struct dx_hash_info *hinfo, __u32 start_hash, __u32 start_minor_hash, int *has_inline_data); extern struct buffer_head *ext4_find_inline_entry(struct inode *dir, struct ext4_filename *fname, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **res_dir, int *has_inline_data); extern int ext4_delete_inline_entry(handle_t *handle, struct inode *dir, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de_del, struct buffer_head *bh, int *has_inline_data); extern bool empty_inline_dir(struct inode *dir, int *has_inline_data); extern struct buffer_head *ext4_get_first_inline_block(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **parent_de, int *retval); extern int ext4_inline_data_fiemap(struct inode *inode, struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo, int *has_inline, __u64 start, __u64 len); struct iomap; extern int ext4_inline_data_iomap(struct inode *inode, struct iomap *iomap); extern int ext4_inline_data_truncate(struct inode *inode, int *has_inline); extern int ext4_convert_inline_data(struct inode *inode); static inline int ext4_has_inline_data(struct inode *inode) { return ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_INLINE_DATA) && EXT4_I(inode)->i_inline_off; } /* namei.c */ extern const struct inode_operations ext4_dir_inode_operations; extern const struct inode_operations ext4_special_inode_operations; extern struct dentry *ext4_get_parent(struct dentry *child); extern struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *ext4_init_dot_dotdot(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, int blocksize, int csum_size, unsigned int parent_ino, int dotdot_real_len); extern void ext4_initialize_dirent_tail(struct buffer_head *bh, unsigned int blocksize); extern int ext4_handle_dirty_dirblock(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh); extern int ext4_ci_compare(const struct inode *parent, const struct qstr *fname, const struct qstr *entry, bool quick); extern int __ext4_unlink(handle_t *handle, struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *d_name, struct inode *inode); extern int __ext4_link(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry); #define S_SHIFT 12 static const unsigned char ext4_type_by_mode[(S_IFMT >> S_SHIFT) + 1] = { [S_IFREG >> S_SHIFT] = EXT4_FT_REG_FILE, [S_IFDIR >> S_SHIFT] = EXT4_FT_DIR, [S_IFCHR >> S_SHIFT] = EXT4_FT_CHRDEV, [S_IFBLK >> S_SHIFT] = EXT4_FT_BLKDEV, [S_IFIFO >> S_SHIFT] = EXT4_FT_FIFO, [S_IFSOCK >> S_SHIFT] = EXT4_FT_SOCK, [S_IFLNK >> S_SHIFT] = EXT4_FT_SYMLINK, }; static inline void ext4_set_de_type(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, umode_t mode) { if (ext4_has_feature_filetype(sb)) de->file_type = ext4_type_by_mode[(mode & S_IFMT)>>S_SHIFT]; } /* readpages.c */ extern int ext4_mpage_readpages(struct inode *inode, struct readahead_control *rac, struct page *page); extern int __init ext4_init_post_read_processing(void); extern void ext4_exit_post_read_processing(void); /* symlink.c */ extern const struct inode_operations ext4_encrypted_symlink_inode_operations; extern const struct inode_operations ext4_symlink_inode_operations; extern const struct inode_operations ext4_fast_symlink_inode_operations; /* sysfs.c */ extern int ext4_register_sysfs(struct super_block *sb); extern void ext4_unregister_sysfs(struct super_block *sb); extern int __init ext4_init_sysfs(void); extern void ext4_exit_sysfs(void); /* block_validity */ extern void ext4_release_system_zone(struct super_block *sb); extern int ext4_setup_system_zone(struct super_block *sb); extern int __init ext4_init_system_zone(void); extern void ext4_exit_system_zone(void); extern int ext4_inode_block_valid(struct inode *inode, ext4_fsblk_t start_blk, unsigned int count); extern int ext4_check_blockref(const char *, unsigned int, struct inode *, __le32 *, unsigned int); /* extents.c */ struct ext4_ext_path; struct ext4_extent; /* * Maximum number of logical blocks in a file; ext4_extent's ee_block is * __le32. */ #define EXT_MAX_BLOCKS 0xffffffff extern void ext4_ext_tree_init(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_ext_index_trans_blocks(struct inode *inode, int extents); extern int ext4_ext_map_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, int flags); extern int ext4_ext_truncate(handle_t *, struct inode *); extern int ext4_ext_remove_space(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t start, ext4_lblk_t end); extern void ext4_ext_init(struct super_block *); extern void ext4_ext_release(struct super_block *); extern long ext4_fallocate(struct file *file, int mode, loff_t offset, loff_t len); extern int ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, ssize_t len); extern int ext4_convert_unwritten_io_end_vec(handle_t *handle, ext4_io_end_t *io_end); extern int ext4_map_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, int flags); extern int ext4_ext_calc_credits_for_single_extent(struct inode *inode, int num, struct ext4_ext_path *path); extern int ext4_ext_insert_extent(handle_t *, struct inode *, struct ext4_ext_path **, struct ext4_extent *, int); extern struct ext4_ext_path *ext4_find_extent(struct inode *, ext4_lblk_t, struct ext4_ext_path **, int flags); extern void ext4_ext_drop_refs(struct ext4_ext_path *); extern int ext4_ext_check_inode(struct inode *inode); extern ext4_lblk_t ext4_ext_next_allocated_block(struct ext4_ext_path *path); extern int ext4_fiemap(struct inode *inode, struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo, __u64 start, __u64 len); extern int ext4_get_es_cache(struct inode *inode, struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo, __u64 start, __u64 len); extern int ext4_ext_precache(struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_swap_extents(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode1, struct inode *inode2, ext4_lblk_t lblk1, ext4_lblk_t lblk2, ext4_lblk_t count, int mark_unwritten,int *err); extern int ext4_clu_mapped(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lclu); extern int ext4_datasem_ensure_credits(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, int check_cred, int restart_cred, int revoke_cred); extern void ext4_ext_replay_shrink_inode(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t end); extern int ext4_ext_replay_set_iblocks(struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_ext_replay_update_ex(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t start, int len, int unwritten, ext4_fsblk_t pblk); extern int ext4_ext_clear_bb(struct inode *inode); /* move_extent.c */ extern void ext4_double_down_write_data_sem(struct inode *first, struct inode *second); extern void ext4_double_up_write_data_sem(struct inode *orig_inode, struct inode *donor_inode); extern int ext4_move_extents(struct file *o_filp, struct file *d_filp, __u64 start_orig, __u64 start_donor, __u64 len, __u64 *moved_len); /* page-io.c */ extern int __init ext4_init_pageio(void); extern void ext4_exit_pageio(void); extern ext4_io_end_t *ext4_init_io_end(struct inode *inode, gfp_t flags); extern ext4_io_end_t *ext4_get_io_end(ext4_io_end_t *io_end); extern int ext4_put_io_end(ext4_io_end_t *io_end); extern void ext4_put_io_end_defer(ext4_io_end_t *io_end); extern void ext4_io_submit_init(struct ext4_io_submit *io, struct writeback_control *wbc); extern void ext4_end_io_rsv_work(struct work_struct *work); extern void ext4_io_submit(struct ext4_io_submit *io); extern int ext4_bio_write_page(struct ext4_io_submit *io, struct page *page, int len, struct writeback_control *wbc, bool keep_towrite); extern struct ext4_io_end_vec *ext4_alloc_io_end_vec(ext4_io_end_t *io_end); extern struct ext4_io_end_vec *ext4_last_io_end_vec(ext4_io_end_t *io_end); /* mmp.c */ extern int ext4_multi_mount_protect(struct super_block *, ext4_fsblk_t); /* mmp.c */ extern void ext4_stop_mmpd(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi); /* verity.c */ extern const struct fsverity_operations ext4_verityops; /* * Add new method to test whether block and inode bitmaps are properly * initialized. With uninit_bg reading the block from disk is not enough * to mark the bitmap uptodate. We need to also zero-out the bitmap */ #define BH_BITMAP_UPTODATE BH_JBDPrivateStart static inline int bitmap_uptodate(struct buffer_head *bh) { return (buffer_uptodate(bh) && test_bit(BH_BITMAP_UPTODATE, &(bh)->b_state)); } static inline void set_bitmap_uptodate(struct buffer_head *bh) { set_bit(BH_BITMAP_UPTODATE, &(bh)->b_state); } #define in_range(b, first, len) ((b) >= (first) && (b) <= (first) + (len) - 1) /* For ioend & aio unwritten conversion wait queues */ #define EXT4_WQ_HASH_SZ 37 #define ext4_ioend_wq(v) (&ext4__ioend_wq[((unsigned long)(v)) %\ EXT4_WQ_HASH_SZ]) extern wait_queue_head_t ext4__ioend_wq[EXT4_WQ_HASH_SZ]; extern int ext4_resize_begin(struct super_block *sb); extern void ext4_resize_end(struct super_block *sb); static inline void ext4_set_io_unwritten_flag(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_io_end *io_end) { if (!(io_end->flag & EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN)) { io_end->flag |= EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN; atomic_inc(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_unwritten); } } static inline void ext4_clear_io_unwritten_flag(ext4_io_end_t *io_end) { struct inode *inode = io_end->inode; if (io_end->flag & EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN) { io_end->flag &= ~EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN; /* Wake up anyone waiting on unwritten extent conversion */ if (atomic_dec_and_test(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_unwritten)) wake_up_all(ext4_ioend_wq(inode)); } } extern const struct iomap_ops ext4_iomap_ops; extern const struct iomap_ops ext4_iomap_overwrite_ops; extern const struct iomap_ops ext4_iomap_report_ops; static inline int ext4_buffer_uptodate(struct buffer_head *bh) { /* * If the buffer has the write error flag, we have failed * to write out data in the block. In this case, we don't * have to read the block because we may read the old data * successfully. */ if (!buffer_uptodate(bh) && buffer_write_io_error(bh)) set_buffer_uptodate(bh); return buffer_uptodate(bh); } #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #define EFSBADCRC EBADMSG /* Bad CRC detected */ #define EFSCORRUPTED EUCLEAN /* Filesystem is corrupted */ #endif /* _EXT4_H */
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPTIRQ_TRACEPOINTS #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM preemptirq #if !defined(_TRACE_PREEMPTIRQ_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_PREEMPTIRQ_H #include <linux/ktime.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <asm/sections.h> DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(preemptirq_template, TP_PROTO(unsigned long ip, unsigned long parent_ip), TP_ARGS(ip, parent_ip), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(s32, caller_offs) __field(s32, parent_offs) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->caller_offs = (s32)(ip - (unsigned long)_stext); __entry->parent_offs = (s32)(parent_ip - (unsigned long)_stext); ), TP_printk("caller=%pS parent=%pS", (void *)((unsigned long)(_stext) + __entry->caller_offs), (void *)((unsigned long)(_stext) + __entry->parent_offs)) ); #ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS DEFINE_EVENT(preemptirq_template, irq_disable, TP_PROTO(unsigned long ip, unsigned long parent_ip), TP_ARGS(ip, parent_ip)); DEFINE_EVENT(preemptirq_template, irq_enable, TP_PROTO(unsigned long ip, unsigned long parent_ip), TP_ARGS(ip, parent_ip)); #else #define trace_irq_enable(...) #define trace_irq_disable(...) #define trace_irq_enable_rcuidle(...) #define trace_irq_disable_rcuidle(...) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_PREEMPT_TOGGLE DEFINE_EVENT(preemptirq_template, preempt_disable, TP_PROTO(unsigned long ip, unsigned long parent_ip), TP_ARGS(ip, parent_ip)); DEFINE_EVENT(preemptirq_template, preempt_enable, TP_PROTO(unsigned long ip, unsigned long parent_ip), TP_ARGS(ip, parent_ip)); #else #define trace_preempt_enable(...) #define trace_preempt_disable(...) #define trace_preempt_enable_rcuidle(...) #define trace_preempt_disable_rcuidle(...) #endif #endif /* _TRACE_PREEMPTIRQ_H */ #include <trace/define_trace.h> #else /* !CONFIG_PREEMPTIRQ_TRACEPOINTS */ #define trace_irq_enable(...) #define trace_irq_disable(...) #define trace_irq_enable_rcuidle(...) #define trace_irq_disable_rcuidle(...) #define trace_preempt_enable(...) #define trace_preempt_disable(...) #define trace_preempt_enable_rcuidle(...) #define trace_preempt_disable_rcuidle(...) #endif
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1808 1809 1810 1811 1812 1813 1814 1815 1816 1817 1818 1819 1820 1821 1822 1823 1824 1825 1826 1827 1828 1829 1830 1831 1832 1833 1834 1835 1836 1837 1838 1839 1840 1841 1842 1843 1844 1845 1846 1847 1848 1849 1850 1851 1852 1853 1854 1855 1856 1857 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only #include <crypto/hash.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/bvec.h> #include <linux/fault-inject-usercopy.h> #include <linux/uio.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <linux/splice.h> #include <linux/compat.h> #include <net/checksum.h> #include <linux/scatterlist.h> #include <linux/instrumented.h> #define PIPE_PARANOIA /* for now */ #define iterate_iovec(i, n, __v, __p, skip, STEP) { \ size_t left; \ size_t wanted = n; \ __p = i->iov; \ __v.iov_len = min(n, __p->iov_len - skip); \ if (likely(__v.iov_len)) { \ __v.iov_base = __p->iov_base + skip; \ left = (STEP); \ __v.iov_len -= left; \ skip += __v.iov_len; \ n -= __v.iov_len; \ } else { \ left = 0; \ } \ while (unlikely(!left && n)) { \ __p++; \ __v.iov_len = min(n, __p->iov_len); \ if (unlikely(!__v.iov_len)) \ continue; \ __v.iov_base = __p->iov_base; \ left = (STEP); \ __v.iov_len -= left; \ skip = __v.iov_len; \ n -= __v.iov_len; \ } \ n = wanted - n; \ } #define iterate_kvec(i, n, __v, __p, skip, STEP) { \ size_t wanted = n; \ __p = i->kvec; \ __v.iov_len = min(n, __p->iov_len - skip); \ if (likely(__v.iov_len)) { \ __v.iov_base = __p->iov_base + skip; \ (void)(STEP); \ skip += __v.iov_len; \ n -= __v.iov_len; \ } \ while (unlikely(n)) { \ __p++; \ __v.iov_len = min(n, __p->iov_len); \ if (unlikely(!__v.iov_len)) \ continue; \ __v.iov_base = __p->iov_base; \ (void)(STEP); \ skip = __v.iov_len; \ n -= __v.iov_len; \ } \ n = wanted; \ } #define iterate_bvec(i, n, __v, __bi, skip, STEP) { \ struct bvec_iter __start; \ __start.bi_size = n; \ __start.bi_bvec_done = skip; \ __start.bi_idx = 0; \ for_each_bvec(__v, i->bvec, __bi, __start) { \ if (!__v.bv_len) \ continue; \ (void)(STEP); \ } \ } #define iterate_all_kinds(i, n, v, I, B, K) { \ if (likely(n)) { \ size_t skip = i->iov_offset; \ if (unlikely(i->type & ITER_BVEC)) { \ struct bio_vec v; \ struct bvec_iter __bi; \ iterate_bvec(i, n, v, __bi, skip, (B)) \ } else if (unlikely(i->type & ITER_KVEC)) { \ const struct kvec *kvec; \ struct kvec v; \ iterate_kvec(i, n, v, kvec, skip, (K)) \ } else if (unlikely(i->type & ITER_DISCARD)) { \ } else { \ const struct iovec *iov; \ struct iovec v; \ iterate_iovec(i, n, v, iov, skip, (I)) \ } \ } \ } #define iterate_and_advance(i, n, v, I, B, K) { \ if (unlikely(i->count < n)) \ n = i->count; \ if (i->count) { \ size_t skip = i->iov_offset; \ if (unlikely(i->type & ITER_BVEC)) { \ const struct bio_vec *bvec = i->bvec; \ struct bio_vec v; \ struct bvec_iter __bi; \ iterate_bvec(i, n, v, __bi, skip, (B)) \ i->bvec = __bvec_iter_bvec(i->bvec, __bi); \ i->nr_segs -= i->bvec - bvec; \ skip = __bi.bi_bvec_done; \ } else if (unlikely(i->type & ITER_KVEC)) { \ const struct kvec *kvec; \ struct kvec v; \ iterate_kvec(i, n, v, kvec, skip, (K)) \ if (skip == kvec->iov_len) { \ kvec++; \ skip = 0; \ } \ i->nr_segs -= kvec - i->kvec; \ i->kvec = kvec; \ } else if (unlikely(i->type & ITER_DISCARD)) { \ skip += n; \ } else { \ const struct iovec *iov; \ struct iovec v; \ iterate_iovec(i, n, v, iov, skip, (I)) \ if (skip == iov->iov_len) { \ iov++; \ skip = 0; \ } \ i->nr_segs -= iov - i->iov; \ i->iov = iov; \ } \ i->count -= n; \ i->iov_offset = skip; \ } \ } static int copyout(void __user *to, const void *from, size_t n) { if (should_fail_usercopy()) return n; if (access_ok(to, n)) { instrument_copy_to_user(to, from, n); n = raw_copy_to_user(to, from, n); } return n; } static int copyin(void *to, const void __user *from, size_t n) { if (should_fail_usercopy()) return n; if (access_ok(from, n)) { instrument_copy_from_user(to, from, n); n = raw_copy_from_user(to, from, n); } return n; } static size_t copy_page_to_iter_iovec(struct page *page, size_t offset, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { size_t skip, copy, left, wanted; const struct iovec *iov; char __user *buf; void *kaddr, *from; if (unlikely(bytes > i->count)) bytes = i->count; if (unlikely(!bytes)) return 0; might_fault(); wanted = bytes; iov = i->iov; skip = i->iov_offset; buf = iov->iov_base + skip; copy = min(bytes, iov->iov_len - skip); if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HIGHMEM) && !fault_in_pages_writeable(buf, copy)) { kaddr = kmap_atomic(page); from = kaddr + offset; /* first chunk, usually the only one */ left = copyout(buf, from, copy); copy -= left; skip += copy; from += copy; bytes -= copy; while (unlikely(!left && bytes)) { iov++; buf = iov->iov_base; copy = min(bytes, iov->iov_len); left = copyout(buf, from, copy); copy -= left; skip = copy; from += copy; bytes -= copy; } if (likely(!bytes)) { kunmap_atomic(kaddr); goto done; } offset = from - kaddr; buf += copy; kunmap_atomic(kaddr); copy = min(bytes, iov->iov_len - skip); } /* Too bad - revert to non-atomic kmap */ kaddr = kmap(page); from = kaddr + offset; left = copyout(buf, from, copy); copy -= left; skip += copy; from += copy; bytes -= copy; while (unlikely(!left && bytes)) { iov++; buf = iov->iov_base; copy = min(bytes, iov->iov_len); left = copyout(buf, from, copy); copy -= left; skip = copy; from += copy; bytes -= copy; } kunmap(page); done: if (skip == iov->iov_len) { iov++; skip = 0; } i->count -= wanted - bytes; i->nr_segs -= iov - i->iov; i->iov = iov; i->iov_offset = skip; return wanted - bytes; } static size_t copy_page_from_iter_iovec(struct page *page, size_t offset, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { size_t skip, copy, left, wanted; const struct iovec *iov; char __user *buf; void *kaddr, *to; if (unlikely(bytes > i->count)) bytes = i->count; if (unlikely(!bytes)) return 0; might_fault(); wanted = bytes; iov = i->iov; skip = i->iov_offset; buf = iov->iov_base + skip; copy = min(bytes, iov->iov_len - skip); if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HIGHMEM) && !fault_in_pages_readable(buf, copy)) { kaddr = kmap_atomic(page); to = kaddr + offset; /* first chunk, usually the only one */ left = copyin(to, buf, copy); copy -= left; skip += copy; to += copy; bytes -= copy; while (unlikely(!left && bytes)) { iov++; buf = iov->iov_base; copy = min(bytes, iov->iov_len); left = copyin(to, buf, copy); copy -= left; skip = copy; to += copy; bytes -= copy; } if (likely(!bytes)) { kunmap_atomic(kaddr); goto done; } offset = to - kaddr; buf += copy; kunmap_atomic(kaddr); copy = min(bytes, iov->iov_len - skip); } /* Too bad - revert to non-atomic kmap */ kaddr = kmap(page); to = kaddr + offset; left = copyin(to, buf, copy); copy -= left; skip += copy; to += copy; bytes -= copy; while (unlikely(!left && bytes)) { iov++; buf = iov->iov_base; copy = min(bytes, iov->iov_len); left = copyin(to, buf, copy); copy -= left; skip = copy; to += copy; bytes -= copy; } kunmap(page); done: if (skip == iov->iov_len) { iov++; skip = 0; } i->count -= wanted - bytes; i->nr_segs -= iov - i->iov; i->iov = iov; i->iov_offset = skip; return wanted - bytes; } #ifdef PIPE_PARANOIA static bool sanity(const struct iov_iter *i) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = i->pipe; unsigned int p_head = pipe->head; unsigned int p_tail = pipe->tail; unsigned int p_mask = pipe->ring_size - 1; unsigned int p_occupancy = pipe_occupancy(p_head, p_tail); unsigned int i_head = i->head; unsigned int idx; if (i->iov_offset) { struct pipe_buffer *p; if (unlikely(p_occupancy == 0)) goto Bad; // pipe must be non-empty if (unlikely(i_head != p_head - 1)) goto Bad; // must be at the last buffer... p = &pipe->bufs[i_head & p_mask]; if (unlikely(p->offset + p->len != i->iov_offset)) goto Bad; // ... at the end of segment } else { if (i_head != p_head) goto Bad; // must be right after the last buffer } return true; Bad: printk(KERN_ERR "idx = %d, offset = %zd\n", i_head, i->iov_offset); printk(KERN_ERR "head = %d, tail = %d, buffers = %d\n", p_head, p_tail, pipe->ring_size); for (idx = 0; idx < pipe->ring_size; idx++) printk(KERN_ERR "[%p %p %d %d]\n", pipe->bufs[idx].ops, pipe->bufs[idx].page, pipe->bufs[idx].offset, pipe->bufs[idx].len); WARN_ON(1); return false; } #else #define sanity(i) true #endif static size_t copy_page_to_iter_pipe(struct page *page, size_t offset, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = i->pipe; struct pipe_buffer *buf; unsigned int p_tail = pipe->tail; unsigned int p_mask = pipe->ring_size - 1; unsigned int i_head = i->head; size_t off; if (unlikely(bytes > i->count)) bytes = i->count; if (unlikely(!bytes)) return 0; if (!sanity(i)) return 0; off = i->iov_offset; buf = &pipe->bufs[i_head & p_mask]; if (off) { if (offset == off && buf->page == page) { /* merge with the last one */ buf->len += bytes; i->iov_offset += bytes; goto out; } i_head++; buf = &pipe->bufs[i_head & p_mask]; } if (pipe_full(i_head, p_tail, pipe->max_usage)) return 0; buf->ops = &page_cache_pipe_buf_ops; get_page(page); buf->page = page; buf->offset = offset; buf->len = bytes; pipe->head = i_head + 1; i->iov_offset = offset + bytes; i->head = i_head; out: i->count -= bytes; return bytes; } /* * Fault in one or more iovecs of the given iov_iter, to a maximum length of * bytes. For each iovec, fault in each page that constitutes the iovec. * * Return 0 on success, or non-zero if the memory could not be accessed (i.e. * because it is an invalid address). */ int iov_iter_fault_in_readable(struct iov_iter *i, size_t bytes) { size_t skip = i->iov_offset; const struct iovec *iov; int err; struct iovec v; if (iter_is_iovec(i)) { iterate_iovec(i, bytes, v, iov, skip, ({ err = fault_in_pages_readable(v.iov_base, v.iov_len); if (unlikely(err)) return err; 0;})) } return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_fault_in_readable); void iov_iter_init(struct iov_iter *i, unsigned int direction, const struct iovec *iov, unsigned long nr_segs, size_t count) { WARN_ON(direction & ~(READ | WRITE)); direction &= READ | WRITE; /* It will get better. Eventually... */ if (uaccess_kernel()) { i->type = ITER_KVEC | direction; i->kvec = (struct kvec *)iov; } else { i->type = ITER_IOVEC | direction; i->iov = iov; } i->nr_segs = nr_segs; i->iov_offset = 0; i->count = count; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_init); static void memcpy_from_page(char *to, struct page *page, size_t offset, size_t len) { char *from = kmap_atomic(page); memcpy(to, from + offset, len); kunmap_atomic(from); } static void memcpy_to_page(struct page *page, size_t offset, const char *from, size_t len) { char *to = kmap_atomic(page); memcpy(to + offset, from, len); kunmap_atomic(to); } static void memzero_page(struct page *page, size_t offset, size_t len) { char *addr = kmap_atomic(page); memset(addr + offset, 0, len); kunmap_atomic(addr); } static inline bool allocated(struct pipe_buffer *buf) { return buf->ops == &default_pipe_buf_ops; } static inline void data_start(const struct iov_iter *i, unsigned int *iter_headp, size_t *offp) { unsigned int p_mask = i->pipe->ring_size - 1; unsigned int iter_head = i->head; size_t off = i->iov_offset; if (off && (!allocated(&i->pipe->bufs[iter_head & p_mask]) || off == PAGE_SIZE)) { iter_head++; off = 0; } *iter_headp = iter_head; *offp = off; } static size_t push_pipe(struct iov_iter *i, size_t size, int *iter_headp, size_t *offp) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = i->pipe; unsigned int p_tail = pipe->tail; unsigned int p_mask = pipe->ring_size - 1; unsigned int iter_head; size_t off; ssize_t left; if (unlikely(size > i->count)) size = i->count; if (unlikely(!size)) return 0; left = size; data_start(i, &iter_head, &off); *iter_headp = iter_head; *offp = off; if (off) { left -= PAGE_SIZE - off; if (left <= 0) { pipe->bufs[iter_head & p_mask].len += size; return size; } pipe->bufs[iter_head & p_mask].len = PAGE_SIZE; iter_head++; } while (!pipe_full(iter_head, p_tail, pipe->max_usage)) { struct pipe_buffer *buf = &pipe->bufs[iter_head & p_mask]; struct page *page = alloc_page(GFP_USER); if (!page) break; buf->ops = &default_pipe_buf_ops; buf->page = page; buf->offset = 0; buf->len = min_t(ssize_t, left, PAGE_SIZE); left -= buf->len; iter_head++; pipe->head = iter_head; if (left == 0) return size; } return size - left; } static size_t copy_pipe_to_iter(const void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = i->pipe; unsigned int p_mask = pipe->ring_size - 1; unsigned int i_head; size_t n, off; if (!sanity(i)) return 0; bytes = n = push_pipe(i, bytes, &i_head, &off); if (unlikely(!n)) return 0; do { size_t chunk = min_t(size_t, n, PAGE_SIZE - off); memcpy_to_page(pipe->bufs[i_head & p_mask].page, off, addr, chunk); i->head = i_head; i->iov_offset = off + chunk; n -= chunk; addr += chunk; off = 0; i_head++; } while (n); i->count -= bytes; return bytes; } static __wsum csum_and_memcpy(void *to, const void *from, size_t len, __wsum sum, size_t off) { __wsum next = csum_partial_copy_nocheck(from, to, len); return csum_block_add(sum, next, off); } static size_t csum_and_copy_to_pipe_iter(const void *addr, size_t bytes, struct csum_state *csstate, struct iov_iter *i) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = i->pipe; unsigned int p_mask = pipe->ring_size - 1; __wsum sum = csstate->csum; size_t off = csstate->off; unsigned int i_head; size_t n, r; if (!sanity(i)) return 0; bytes = n = push_pipe(i, bytes, &i_head, &r); if (unlikely(!n)) return 0; do { size_t chunk = min_t(size_t, n, PAGE_SIZE - r); char *p = kmap_atomic(pipe->bufs[i_head & p_mask].page); sum = csum_and_memcpy(p + r, addr, chunk, sum, off); kunmap_atomic(p); i->head = i_head; i->iov_offset = r + chunk; n -= chunk; off += chunk; addr += chunk; r = 0; i_head++; } while (n); i->count -= bytes; csstate->csum = sum; csstate->off = off; return bytes; } size_t _copy_to_iter(const void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { const char *from = addr; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) return copy_pipe_to_iter(addr, bytes, i); if (iter_is_iovec(i)) might_fault(); iterate_and_advance(i, bytes, v, copyout(v.iov_base, (from += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_len), memcpy_to_page(v.bv_page, v.bv_offset, (from += v.bv_len) - v.bv_len, v.bv_len), memcpy(v.iov_base, (from += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_len) ) return bytes; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(_copy_to_iter); #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_COPY_MC static int copyout_mc(void __user *to, const void *from, size_t n) { if (access_ok(to, n)) { instrument_copy_to_user(to, from, n); n = copy_mc_to_user((__force void *) to, from, n); } return n; } static unsigned long copy_mc_to_page(struct page *page, size_t offset, const char *from, size_t len) { unsigned long ret; char *to; to = kmap_atomic(page); ret = copy_mc_to_kernel(to + offset, from, len); kunmap_atomic(to); return ret; } static size_t copy_mc_pipe_to_iter(const void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = i->pipe; unsigned int p_mask = pipe->ring_size - 1; unsigned int i_head; size_t n, off, xfer = 0; if (!sanity(i)) return 0; bytes = n = push_pipe(i, bytes, &i_head, &off); if (unlikely(!n)) return 0; do { size_t chunk = min_t(size_t, n, PAGE_SIZE - off); unsigned long rem; rem = copy_mc_to_page(pipe->bufs[i_head & p_mask].page, off, addr, chunk); i->head = i_head; i->iov_offset = off + chunk - rem; xfer += chunk - rem; if (rem) break; n -= chunk; addr += chunk; off = 0; i_head++; } while (n); i->count -= xfer; return xfer; } /** * _copy_mc_to_iter - copy to iter with source memory error exception handling * @addr: source kernel address * @bytes: total transfer length * @iter: destination iterator * * The pmem driver deploys this for the dax operation * (dax_copy_to_iter()) for dax reads (bypass page-cache and the * block-layer). Upon #MC read(2) aborts and returns EIO or the bytes * successfully copied. * * The main differences between this and typical _copy_to_iter(). * * * Typical tail/residue handling after a fault retries the copy * byte-by-byte until the fault happens again. Re-triggering machine * checks is potentially fatal so the implementation uses source * alignment and poison alignment assumptions to avoid re-triggering * hardware exceptions. * * * ITER_KVEC, ITER_PIPE, and ITER_BVEC can return short copies. * Compare to copy_to_iter() where only ITER_IOVEC attempts might return * a short copy. */ size_t _copy_mc_to_iter(const void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { const char *from = addr; unsigned long rem, curr_addr, s_addr = (unsigned long) addr; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) return copy_mc_pipe_to_iter(addr, bytes, i); if (iter_is_iovec(i)) might_fault(); iterate_and_advance(i, bytes, v, copyout_mc(v.iov_base, (from += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_len), ({ rem = copy_mc_to_page(v.bv_page, v.bv_offset, (from += v.bv_len) - v.bv_len, v.bv_len); if (rem) { curr_addr = (unsigned long) from; bytes = curr_addr - s_addr - rem; return bytes; } }), ({ rem = copy_mc_to_kernel(v.iov_base, (from += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_len); if (rem) { curr_addr = (unsigned long) from; bytes = curr_addr - s_addr - rem; return bytes; } }) ) return bytes; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(_copy_mc_to_iter); #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_COPY_MC */ size_t _copy_from_iter(void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { char *to = addr; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) { WARN_ON(1); return 0; } if (iter_is_iovec(i)) might_fault(); iterate_and_advance(i, bytes, v, copyin((to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len), memcpy_from_page((to += v.bv_len) - v.bv_len, v.bv_page, v.bv_offset, v.bv_len), memcpy((to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len) ) return bytes; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(_copy_from_iter); bool _copy_from_iter_full(void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { char *to = addr; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) { WARN_ON(1); return false; } if (unlikely(i->count < bytes)) return false; if (iter_is_iovec(i)) might_fault(); iterate_all_kinds(i, bytes, v, ({ if (copyin((to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len)) return false; 0;}), memcpy_from_page((to += v.bv_len) - v.bv_len, v.bv_page, v.bv_offset, v.bv_len), memcpy((to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len) ) iov_iter_advance(i, bytes); return true; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(_copy_from_iter_full); size_t _copy_from_iter_nocache(void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { char *to = addr; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) { WARN_ON(1); return 0; } iterate_and_advance(i, bytes, v, __copy_from_user_inatomic_nocache((to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len), memcpy_from_page((to += v.bv_len) - v.bv_len, v.bv_page, v.bv_offset, v.bv_len), memcpy((to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len) ) return bytes; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(_copy_from_iter_nocache); #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_UACCESS_FLUSHCACHE /** * _copy_from_iter_flushcache - write destination through cpu cache * @addr: destination kernel address * @bytes: total transfer length * @iter: source iterator * * The pmem driver arranges for filesystem-dax to use this facility via * dax_copy_from_iter() for ensuring that writes to persistent memory * are flushed through the CPU cache. It is differentiated from * _copy_from_iter_nocache() in that guarantees all data is flushed for * all iterator types. The _copy_from_iter_nocache() only attempts to * bypass the cache for the ITER_IOVEC case, and on some archs may use * instructions that strand dirty-data in the cache. */ size_t _copy_from_iter_flushcache(void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { char *to = addr; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) { WARN_ON(1); return 0; } iterate_and_advance(i, bytes, v, __copy_from_user_flushcache((to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len), memcpy_page_flushcache((to += v.bv_len) - v.bv_len, v.bv_page, v.bv_offset, v.bv_len), memcpy_flushcache((to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len) ) return bytes; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(_copy_from_iter_flushcache); #endif bool _copy_from_iter_full_nocache(void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { char *to = addr; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) { WARN_ON(1); return false; } if (unlikely(i->count < bytes)) return false; iterate_all_kinds(i, bytes, v, ({ if (__copy_from_user_inatomic_nocache((to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len)) return false; 0;}), memcpy_from_page((to += v.bv_len) - v.bv_len, v.bv_page, v.bv_offset, v.bv_len), memcpy((to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len) ) iov_iter_advance(i, bytes); return true; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(_copy_from_iter_full_nocache); static inline bool page_copy_sane(struct page *page, size_t offset, size_t n) { struct page *head; size_t v = n + offset; /* * The general case needs to access the page order in order * to compute the page size. * However, we mostly deal with order-0 pages and thus can * avoid a possible cache line miss for requests that fit all * page orders. */ if (n <= v && v <= PAGE_SIZE) return true; head = compound_head(page); v += (page - head) << PAGE_SHIFT; if (likely(n <= v && v <= (page_size(head)))) return true; WARN_ON(1); return false; } size_t copy_page_to_iter(struct page *page, size_t offset, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { if (unlikely(!page_copy_sane(page, offset, bytes))) return 0; if (i->type & (ITER_BVEC|ITER_KVEC)) { void *kaddr = kmap_atomic(page); size_t wanted = copy_to_iter(kaddr + offset, bytes, i); kunmap_atomic(kaddr); return wanted; } else if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_discard(i))) { if (unlikely(i->count < bytes)) bytes = i->count; i->count -= bytes; return bytes; } else if (likely(!iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) return copy_page_to_iter_iovec(page, offset, bytes, i); else return copy_page_to_iter_pipe(page, offset, bytes, i); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(copy_page_to_iter); size_t copy_page_from_iter(struct page *page, size_t offset, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { if (unlikely(!page_copy_sane(page, offset, bytes))) return 0; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i) || iov_iter_is_discard(i))) { WARN_ON(1); return 0; } if (i->type & (ITER_BVEC|ITER_KVEC)) { void *kaddr = kmap_atomic(page); size_t wanted = _copy_from_iter(kaddr + offset, bytes, i); kunmap_atomic(kaddr); return wanted; } else return copy_page_from_iter_iovec(page, offset, bytes, i); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(copy_page_from_iter); static size_t pipe_zero(size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = i->pipe; unsigned int p_mask = pipe->ring_size - 1; unsigned int i_head; size_t n, off; if (!sanity(i)) return 0; bytes = n = push_pipe(i, bytes, &i_head, &off); if (unlikely(!n)) return 0; do { size_t chunk = min_t(size_t, n, PAGE_SIZE - off); memzero_page(pipe->bufs[i_head & p_mask].page, off, chunk); i->head = i_head; i->iov_offset = off + chunk; n -= chunk; off = 0; i_head++; } while (n); i->count -= bytes; return bytes; } size_t iov_iter_zero(size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) return pipe_zero(bytes, i); iterate_and_advance(i, bytes, v, clear_user(v.iov_base, v.iov_len), memzero_page(v.bv_page, v.bv_offset, v.bv_len), memset(v.iov_base, 0, v.iov_len) ) return bytes; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_zero); size_t iov_iter_copy_from_user_atomic(struct page *page, struct iov_iter *i, unsigned long offset, size_t bytes) { char *kaddr = kmap_atomic(page), *p = kaddr + offset; if (unlikely(!page_copy_sane(page, offset, bytes))) { kunmap_atomic(kaddr); return 0; } if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i) || iov_iter_is_discard(i))) { kunmap_atomic(kaddr); WARN_ON(1); return 0; } iterate_all_kinds(i, bytes, v, copyin((p += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len), memcpy_from_page((p += v.bv_len) - v.bv_len, v.bv_page, v.bv_offset, v.bv_len), memcpy((p += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len) ) kunmap_atomic(kaddr); return bytes; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_copy_from_user_atomic); static inline void pipe_truncate(struct iov_iter *i) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = i->pipe; unsigned int p_tail = pipe->tail; unsigned int p_head = pipe->head; unsigned int p_mask = pipe->ring_size - 1; if (!pipe_empty(p_head, p_tail)) { struct pipe_buffer *buf; unsigned int i_head = i->head; size_t off = i->iov_offset; if (off) { buf = &pipe->bufs[i_head & p_mask]; buf->len = off - buf->offset; i_head++; } while (p_head != i_head) { p_head--; pipe_buf_release(pipe, &pipe->bufs[p_head & p_mask]); } pipe->head = p_head; } } static void pipe_advance(struct iov_iter *i, size_t size) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = i->pipe; if (unlikely(i->count < size)) size = i->count; if (size) { struct pipe_buffer *buf; unsigned int p_mask = pipe->ring_size - 1; unsigned int i_head = i->head; size_t off = i->iov_offset, left = size; if (off) /* make it relative to the beginning of buffer */ left += off - pipe->bufs[i_head & p_mask].offset; while (1) { buf = &pipe->bufs[i_head & p_mask]; if (left <= buf->len) break; left -= buf->len; i_head++; } i->head = i_head; i->iov_offset = buf->offset + left; } i->count -= size; /* ... and discard everything past that point */ pipe_truncate(i); } void iov_iter_advance(struct iov_iter *i, size_t size) { if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) { pipe_advance(i, size); return; } if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_discard(i))) { i->count -= size; return; } iterate_and_advance(i, size, v, 0, 0, 0) } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_advance); void iov_iter_revert(struct iov_iter *i, size_t unroll) { if (!unroll) return; if (WARN_ON(unroll > MAX_RW_COUNT)) return; i->count += unroll; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = i->pipe; unsigned int p_mask = pipe->ring_size - 1; unsigned int i_head = i->head; size_t off = i->iov_offset; while (1) { struct pipe_buffer *b = &pipe->bufs[i_head & p_mask]; size_t n = off - b->offset; if (unroll < n) { off -= unroll; break; } unroll -= n; if (!unroll && i_head == i->start_head) { off = 0; break; } i_head--; b = &pipe->bufs[i_head & p_mask]; off = b->offset + b->len; } i->iov_offset = off; i->head = i_head; pipe_truncate(i); return; } if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_discard(i))) return; if (unroll <= i->iov_offset) { i->iov_offset -= unroll; return; } unroll -= i->iov_offset; if (iov_iter_is_bvec(i)) { const struct bio_vec *bvec = i->bvec; while (1) { size_t n = (--bvec)->bv_len; i->nr_segs++; if (unroll <= n) { i->bvec = bvec; i->iov_offset = n - unroll; return; } unroll -= n; } } else { /* same logics for iovec and kvec */ const struct iovec *iov = i->iov; while (1) { size_t n = (--iov)->iov_len; i->nr_segs++; if (unroll <= n) { i->iov = iov; i->iov_offset = n - unroll; return; } unroll -= n; } } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_revert); /* * Return the count of just the current iov_iter segment. */ size_t iov_iter_single_seg_count(const struct iov_iter *i) { if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) return i->count; // it is a silly place, anyway if (i->nr_segs == 1) return i->count; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_discard(i))) return i->count; else if (iov_iter_is_bvec(i)) return min(i->count, i->bvec->bv_len - i->iov_offset); else return min(i->count, i->iov->iov_len - i->iov_offset); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_single_seg_count); void iov_iter_kvec(struct iov_iter *i, unsigned int direction, const struct kvec *kvec, unsigned long nr_segs, size_t count) { WARN_ON(direction & ~(READ | WRITE)); i->type = ITER_KVEC | (direction & (READ | WRITE)); i->kvec = kvec; i->nr_segs = nr_segs; i->iov_offset = 0; i->count = count; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_kvec); void iov_iter_bvec(struct iov_iter *i, unsigned int direction, const struct bio_vec *bvec, unsigned long nr_segs, size_t count) { WARN_ON(direction & ~(READ | WRITE)); i->type = ITER_BVEC | (direction & (READ | WRITE)); i->bvec = bvec; i->nr_segs = nr_segs; i->iov_offset = 0; i->count = count; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_bvec); void iov_iter_pipe(struct iov_iter *i, unsigned int direction, struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, size_t count) { BUG_ON(direction != READ); WARN_ON(pipe_full(pipe->head, pipe->tail, pipe->ring_size)); i->type = ITER_PIPE | READ; i->pipe = pipe; i->head = pipe->head; i->iov_offset = 0; i->count = count; i->start_head = i->head; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_pipe); /** * iov_iter_discard - Initialise an I/O iterator that discards data * @i: The iterator to initialise. * @direction: The direction of the transfer. * @count: The size of the I/O buffer in bytes. * * Set up an I/O iterator that just discards everything that's written to it. * It's only available as a READ iterator. */ void iov_iter_discard(struct iov_iter *i, unsigned int direction, size_t count) { BUG_ON(direction != READ); i->type = ITER_DISCARD | READ; i->count = count; i->iov_offset = 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_discard); unsigned long iov_iter_alignment(const struct iov_iter *i) { unsigned long res = 0; size_t size = i->count; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) { unsigned int p_mask = i->pipe->ring_size - 1; if (size && i->iov_offset && allocated(&i->pipe->bufs[i->head & p_mask])) return size | i->iov_offset; return size; } iterate_all_kinds(i, size, v, (res |= (unsigned long)v.iov_base | v.iov_len, 0), res |= v.bv_offset | v.bv_len, res |= (unsigned long)v.iov_base | v.iov_len ) return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_alignment); unsigned long iov_iter_gap_alignment(const struct iov_iter *i) { unsigned long res = 0; size_t size = i->count; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i) || iov_iter_is_discard(i))) { WARN_ON(1); return ~0U; } iterate_all_kinds(i, size, v, (res |= (!res ? 0 : (unsigned long)v.iov_base) | (size != v.iov_len ? size : 0), 0), (res |= (!res ? 0 : (unsigned long)v.bv_offset) | (size != v.bv_len ? size : 0)), (res |= (!res ? 0 : (unsigned long)v.iov_base) | (size != v.iov_len ? size : 0)) ); return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_gap_alignment); static inline ssize_t __pipe_get_pages(struct iov_iter *i, size_t maxsize, struct page **pages, int iter_head, size_t *start) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = i->pipe; unsigned int p_mask = pipe->ring_size - 1; ssize_t n = push_pipe(i, maxsize, &iter_head, start); if (!n) return -EFAULT; maxsize = n; n += *start; while (n > 0) { get_page(*pages++ = pipe->bufs[iter_head & p_mask].page); iter_head++; n -= PAGE_SIZE; } return maxsize; } static ssize_t pipe_get_pages(struct iov_iter *i, struct page **pages, size_t maxsize, unsigned maxpages, size_t *start) { unsigned int iter_head, npages; size_t capacity; if (!maxsize) return 0; if (!sanity(i)) return -EFAULT; data_start(i, &iter_head, start); /* Amount of free space: some of this one + all after this one */ npages = pipe_space_for_user(iter_head, i->pipe->tail, i->pipe); capacity = min(npages, maxpages) * PAGE_SIZE - *start; return __pipe_get_pages(i, min(maxsize, capacity), pages, iter_head, start); } ssize_t iov_iter_get_pages(struct iov_iter *i, struct page **pages, size_t maxsize, unsigned maxpages, size_t *start) { if (maxsize > i->count) maxsize = i->count; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) return pipe_get_pages(i, pages, maxsize, maxpages, start); if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_discard(i))) return -EFAULT; iterate_all_kinds(i, maxsize, v, ({ unsigned long addr = (unsigned long)v.iov_base; size_t len = v.iov_len + (*start = addr & (PAGE_SIZE - 1)); int n; int res; if (len > maxpages * PAGE_SIZE) len = maxpages * PAGE_SIZE; addr &= ~(PAGE_SIZE - 1); n = DIV_ROUND_UP(len, PAGE_SIZE); res = get_user_pages_fast(addr, n, iov_iter_rw(i) != WRITE ? FOLL_WRITE : 0, pages); if (unlikely(res <= 0)) return res; return (res == n ? len : res * PAGE_SIZE) - *start; 0;}),({ /* can't be more than PAGE_SIZE */ *start = v.bv_offset; get_page(*pages = v.bv_page); return v.bv_len; }),({ return -EFAULT; }) ) return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_get_pages); static struct page **get_pages_array(size_t n) { return kvmalloc_array(n, sizeof(struct page *), GFP_KERNEL); } static ssize_t pipe_get_pages_alloc(struct iov_iter *i, struct page ***pages, size_t maxsize, size_t *start) { struct page **p; unsigned int iter_head, npages; ssize_t n; if (!maxsize) return 0; if (!sanity(i)) return -EFAULT; data_start(i, &iter_head, start); /* Amount of free space: some of this one + all after this one */ npages = pipe_space_for_user(iter_head, i->pipe->tail, i->pipe); n = npages * PAGE_SIZE - *start; if (maxsize > n) maxsize = n; else npages = DIV_ROUND_UP(maxsize + *start, PAGE_SIZE); p = get_pages_array(npages); if (!p) return -ENOMEM; n = __pipe_get_pages(i, maxsize, p, iter_head, start); if (n > 0) *pages = p; else kvfree(p); return n; } ssize_t iov_iter_get_pages_alloc(struct iov_iter *i, struct page ***pages, size_t maxsize, size_t *start) { struct page **p; if (maxsize > i->count) maxsize = i->count; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) return pipe_get_pages_alloc(i, pages, maxsize, start); if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_discard(i))) return -EFAULT; iterate_all_kinds(i, maxsize, v, ({ unsigned long addr = (unsigned long)v.iov_base; size_t len = v.iov_len + (*start = addr & (PAGE_SIZE - 1)); int n; int res; addr &= ~(PAGE_SIZE - 1); n = DIV_ROUND_UP(len, PAGE_SIZE); p = get_pages_array(n); if (!p) return -ENOMEM; res = get_user_pages_fast(addr, n, iov_iter_rw(i) != WRITE ? FOLL_WRITE : 0, p); if (unlikely(res <= 0)) { kvfree(p); *pages = NULL; return res; } *pages = p; return (res == n ? len : res * PAGE_SIZE) - *start; 0;}),({ /* can't be more than PAGE_SIZE */ *start = v.bv_offset; *pages = p = get_pages_array(1); if (!p) return -ENOMEM; get_page(*p = v.bv_page); return v.bv_len; }),({ return -EFAULT; }) ) return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_get_pages_alloc); size_t csum_and_copy_from_iter(void *addr, size_t bytes, __wsum *csum, struct iov_iter *i) { char *to = addr; __wsum sum, next; size_t off = 0; sum = *csum; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i) || iov_iter_is_discard(i))) { WARN_ON(1); return 0; } iterate_and_advance(i, bytes, v, ({ next = csum_and_copy_from_user(v.iov_base, (to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_len); if (next) { sum = csum_block_add(sum, next, off); off += v.iov_len; } next ? 0 : v.iov_len; }), ({ char *p = kmap_atomic(v.bv_page); sum = csum_and_memcpy((to += v.bv_len) - v.bv_len, p + v.bv_offset, v.bv_len, sum, off); kunmap_atomic(p); off += v.bv_len; }),({ sum = csum_and_memcpy((to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len, sum, off); off += v.iov_len; }) ) *csum = sum; return bytes; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(csum_and_copy_from_iter); bool csum_and_copy_from_iter_full(void *addr, size_t bytes, __wsum *csum, struct iov_iter *i) { char *to = addr; __wsum sum, next; size_t off = 0; sum = *csum; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i) || iov_iter_is_discard(i))) { WARN_ON(1); return false; } if (unlikely(i->count < bytes)) return false; iterate_all_kinds(i, bytes, v, ({ next = csum_and_copy_from_user(v.iov_base, (to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_len); if (!next) return false; sum = csum_block_add(sum, next, off); off += v.iov_len; 0; }), ({ char *p = kmap_atomic(v.bv_page); sum = csum_and_memcpy((to += v.bv_len) - v.bv_len, p + v.bv_offset, v.bv_len, sum, off); kunmap_atomic(p); off += v.bv_len; }),({ sum = csum_and_memcpy((to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len, sum, off); off += v.iov_len; }) ) *csum = sum; iov_iter_advance(i, bytes); return true; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(csum_and_copy_from_iter_full); size_t csum_and_copy_to_iter(const void *addr, size_t bytes, void *_csstate, struct iov_iter *i) { struct csum_state *csstate = _csstate; const char *from = addr; __wsum sum, next; size_t off; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) return csum_and_copy_to_pipe_iter(addr, bytes, _csstate, i); sum = csstate->csum; off = csstate->off; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_discard(i))) { WARN_ON(1); /* for now */ return 0; } iterate_and_advance(i, bytes, v, ({ next = csum_and_copy_to_user((from += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len); if (next) { sum = csum_block_add(sum, next, off); off += v.iov_len; } next ? 0 : v.iov_len; }), ({ char *p = kmap_atomic(v.bv_page); sum = csum_and_memcpy(p + v.bv_offset, (from += v.bv_len) - v.bv_len, v.bv_len, sum, off); kunmap_atomic(p); off += v.bv_len; }),({ sum = csum_and_memcpy(v.iov_base, (from += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_len, sum, off); off += v.iov_len; }) ) csstate->csum = sum; csstate->off = off; return bytes; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(csum_and_copy_to_iter); size_t hash_and_copy_to_iter(const void *addr, size_t bytes, void *hashp, struct iov_iter *i) { #ifdef CONFIG_CRYPTO_HASH struct ahash_request *hash = hashp; struct scatterlist sg; size_t copied; copied = copy_to_iter(addr, bytes, i); sg_init_one(&sg, addr, copied); ahash_request_set_crypt(hash, &sg, NULL, copied); crypto_ahash_update(hash); return copied; #else return 0; #endif } EXPORT_SYMBOL(hash_and_copy_to_iter); int iov_iter_npages(const struct iov_iter *i, int maxpages) { size_t size = i->count; int npages = 0; if (!size) return 0; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_discard(i))) return 0; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = i->pipe; unsigned int iter_head; size_t off; if (!sanity(i)) return 0; data_start(i, &iter_head, &off); /* some of this one + all after this one */ npages = pipe_space_for_user(iter_head, pipe->tail, pipe); if (npages >= maxpages) return maxpages; } else iterate_all_kinds(i, size, v, ({ unsigned long p = (unsigned long)v.iov_base; npages += DIV_ROUND_UP(p + v.iov_len, PAGE_SIZE) - p / PAGE_SIZE; if (npages >= maxpages) return maxpages; 0;}),({ npages++; if (npages >= maxpages) return maxpages; }),({ unsigned long p = (unsigned long)v.iov_base; npages += DIV_ROUND_UP(p + v.iov_len, PAGE_SIZE) - p / PAGE_SIZE; if (npages >= maxpages) return maxpages; }) ) return npages; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_npages); const void *dup_iter(struct iov_iter *new, struct iov_iter *old, gfp_t flags) { *new = *old; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(new))) { WARN_ON(1); return NULL; } if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_discard(new))) return NULL; if (iov_iter_is_bvec(new)) return new->bvec = kmemdup(new->bvec, new->nr_segs * sizeof(struct bio_vec), flags); else /* iovec and kvec have identical layout */ return new->iov = kmemdup(new->iov, new->nr_segs * sizeof(struct iovec), flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(dup_iter); static int copy_compat_iovec_from_user(struct iovec *iov, const struct iovec __user *uvec, unsigned long nr_segs) { const struct compat_iovec __user *uiov = (const struct compat_iovec __user *)uvec; int ret = -EFAULT, i; if (!user_access_begin(uiov, nr_segs * sizeof(*uiov))) return -EFAULT; for (i = 0; i < nr_segs; i++) { compat_uptr_t buf; compat_ssize_t len; unsafe_get_user(len, &uiov[i].iov_len, uaccess_end); unsafe_get_user(buf, &uiov[i].iov_base, uaccess_end); /* check for compat_size_t not fitting in compat_ssize_t .. */ if (len < 0) { ret = -EINVAL; goto uaccess_end; } iov[i].iov_base = compat_ptr(buf); iov[i].iov_len = len; } ret = 0; uaccess_end: user_access_end(); return ret; } static int copy_iovec_from_user(struct iovec *iov, const struct iovec __user *uvec, unsigned long nr_segs) { unsigned long seg; if (copy_from_user(iov, uvec, nr_segs * sizeof(*uvec))) return -EFAULT; for (seg = 0; seg < nr_segs; seg++) { if ((ssize_t)iov[seg].iov_len < 0) return -EINVAL; } return 0; } struct iovec *iovec_from_user(const struct iovec __user *uvec, unsigned long nr_segs, unsigned long fast_segs, struct iovec *fast_iov, bool compat) { struct iovec *iov = fast_iov; int ret; /* * SuS says "The readv() function *may* fail if the iovcnt argument was * less than or equal to 0, or greater than {IOV_MAX}. Linux has * traditionally returned zero for zero segments, so... */ if (nr_segs == 0) return iov; if (nr_segs > UIO_MAXIOV) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); if (nr_segs > fast_segs) { iov = kmalloc_array(nr_segs, sizeof(struct iovec), GFP_KERNEL); if (!iov) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); } if (compat) ret = copy_compat_iovec_from_user(iov, uvec, nr_segs); else ret = copy_iovec_from_user(iov, uvec, nr_segs); if (ret) { if (iov != fast_iov) kfree(iov); return ERR_PTR(ret); } return iov; } ssize_t __import_iovec(int type, const struct iovec __user *uvec, unsigned nr_segs, unsigned fast_segs, struct iovec **iovp, struct iov_iter *i, bool compat) { ssize_t total_len = 0; unsigned long seg; struct iovec *iov; iov = iovec_from_user(uvec, nr_segs, fast_segs, *iovp, compat); if (IS_ERR(iov)) { *iovp = NULL; return PTR_ERR(iov); } /* * According to the Single Unix Specification we should return EINVAL if * an element length is < 0 when cast to ssize_t or if the total length * would overflow the ssize_t return value of the system call. * * Linux caps all read/write calls to MAX_RW_COUNT, and avoids the * overflow case. */ for (seg = 0; seg < nr_segs; seg++) { ssize_t len = (ssize_t)iov[seg].iov_len; if (!access_ok(iov[seg].iov_base, len)) { if (iov != *iovp) kfree(iov); *iovp = NULL; return -EFAULT; } if (len > MAX_RW_COUNT - total_len) { len = MAX_RW_COUNT - total_len; iov[seg].iov_len = len; } total_len += len; } iov_iter_init(i, type, iov, nr_segs, total_len); if (iov == *iovp) *iovp = NULL; else *iovp = iov; return total_len; } /** * import_iovec() - Copy an array of &struct iovec from userspace * into the kernel, check that it is valid, and initialize a new * &struct iov_iter iterator to access it. * * @type: One of %READ or %WRITE. * @uvec: Pointer to the userspace array. * @nr_segs: Number of elements in userspace array. * @fast_segs: Number of elements in @iov. * @iovp: (input and output parameter) Pointer to pointer to (usually small * on-stack) kernel array. * @i: Pointer to iterator that will be initialized on success. * * If the array pointed to by *@iov is large enough to hold all @nr_segs, * then this function places %NULL in *@iov on return. Otherwise, a new * array will be allocated and the result placed in *@iov. This means that * the caller may call kfree() on *@iov regardless of whether the small * on-stack array was used or not (and regardless of whether this function * returns an error or not). * * Return: Negative error code on error, bytes imported on success */ ssize_t import_iovec(int type, const struct iovec __user *uvec, unsigned nr_segs, unsigned fast_segs, struct iovec **iovp, struct iov_iter *i) { return __import_iovec(type, uvec, nr_segs, fast_segs, iovp, i, in_compat_syscall()); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(import_iovec); int import_single_range(int rw, void __user *buf, size_t len, struct iovec *iov, struct iov_iter *i) { if (len > MAX_RW_COUNT) len = MAX_RW_COUNT; if (unlikely(!access_ok(buf, len))) return -EFAULT; iov->iov_base = buf; iov->iov_len = len; iov_iter_init(i, rw, iov, 1, len); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(import_single_range); int iov_iter_for_each_range(struct iov_iter *i, size_t bytes, int (*f)(struct kvec *vec, void *context), void *context) { struct kvec w; int err = -EINVAL; if (!bytes) return 0; iterate_all_kinds(i, bytes, v, -EINVAL, ({ w.iov_base = kmap(v.bv_page) + v.bv_offset; w.iov_len = v.bv_len; err = f(&w, context); kunmap(v.bv_page); err;}), ({ w = v; err = f(&w, context);}) ) return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_for_each_range);
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Copyright (C) 1994 Linus Torvalds * * Pentium III FXSR, SSE support * General FPU state handling cleanups * Gareth Hughes <gareth@valinux.com>, May 2000 * x86-64 work by Andi Kleen 2002 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_FPU_INTERNAL_H #define _ASM_X86_FPU_INTERNAL_H #include <linux/compat.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <asm/user.h> #include <asm/fpu/api.h> #include <asm/fpu/xstate.h> #include <asm/fpu/xcr.h> #include <asm/cpufeature.h> #include <asm/trace/fpu.h> /* * High level FPU state handling functions: */ extern void fpu__prepare_read(struct fpu *fpu); extern void fpu__prepare_write(struct fpu *fpu); extern void fpu__save(struct fpu *fpu); extern int fpu__restore_sig(void __user *buf, int ia32_frame); extern void fpu__drop(struct fpu *fpu); extern int fpu__copy(struct task_struct *dst, struct task_struct *src); extern void fpu__clear_user_states(struct fpu *fpu); extern void fpu__clear_all(struct fpu *fpu); extern int fpu__exception_code(struct fpu *fpu, int trap_nr); /* * Boot time FPU initialization functions: */ extern void fpu__init_cpu(void); extern void fpu__init_system_xstate(void); extern void fpu__init_cpu_xstate(void); extern void fpu__init_system(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c); extern void fpu__init_check_bugs(void); extern void fpu__resume_cpu(void); extern u64 fpu__get_supported_xfeatures_mask(void); /* * Debugging facility: */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_DEBUG_FPU # define WARN_ON_FPU(x) WARN_ON_ONCE(x) #else # define WARN_ON_FPU(x) ({ (void)(x); 0; }) #endif /* * FPU related CPU feature flag helper routines: */ static __always_inline __pure bool use_xsaveopt(void) { return static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XSAVEOPT); } static __always_inline __pure bool use_xsave(void) { return static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XSAVE); } static __always_inline __pure bool use_fxsr(void) { return static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FXSR); } /* * fpstate handling functions: */ extern union fpregs_state init_fpstate; extern void fpstate_init(union fpregs_state *state); #ifdef CONFIG_MATH_EMULATION extern void fpstate_init_soft(struct swregs_state *soft); #else static inline void fpstate_init_soft(struct swregs_state *soft) {} #endif static inline void fpstate_init_xstate(struct xregs_state *xsave) { /* * XRSTORS requires these bits set in xcomp_bv, or it will * trigger #GP: */ xsave->header.xcomp_bv = XCOMP_BV_COMPACTED_FORMAT | xfeatures_mask_all; } static inline void fpstate_init_fxstate(struct fxregs_state *fx) { fx->cwd = 0x37f; fx->mxcsr = MXCSR_DEFAULT; } extern void fpstate_sanitize_xstate(struct fpu *fpu); /* Returns 0 or the negated trap number, which results in -EFAULT for #PF */ #define user_insn(insn, output, input...) \ ({ \ int err; \ \ might_fault(); \ \ asm volatile(ASM_STAC "\n" \ "1: " #insn "\n" \ "2: " ASM_CLAC "\n" \ ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \ "3: negl %%eax\n" \ " jmp 2b\n" \ ".previous\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_FAULT(1b, 3b) \ : [err] "=a" (err), output \ : "0"(0), input); \ err; \ }) #define kernel_insn_err(insn, output, input...) \ ({ \ int err; \ asm volatile("1:" #insn "\n\t" \ "2:\n" \ ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \ "3: movl $-1,%[err]\n" \ " jmp 2b\n" \ ".previous\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE(1b, 3b) \ : [err] "=r" (err), output \ : "0"(0), input); \ err; \ }) #define kernel_insn(insn, output, input...) \ asm volatile("1:" #insn "\n\t" \ "2:\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_HANDLE(1b, 2b, ex_handler_fprestore) \ : output : input) static inline int copy_fregs_to_user(struct fregs_state __user *fx) { return user_insn(fnsave %[fx]; fwait, [fx] "=m" (*fx), "m" (*fx)); } static inline int copy_fxregs_to_user(struct fxregs_state __user *fx) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_32)) return user_insn(fxsave %[fx], [fx] "=m" (*fx), "m" (*fx)); else return user_insn(fxsaveq %[fx], [fx] "=m" (*fx), "m" (*fx)); } static inline void copy_kernel_to_fxregs(struct fxregs_state *fx) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_32)) kernel_insn(fxrstor %[fx], "=m" (*fx), [fx] "m" (*fx)); else kernel_insn(fxrstorq %[fx], "=m" (*fx), [fx] "m" (*fx)); } static inline int copy_kernel_to_fxregs_err(struct fxregs_state *fx) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_32)) return kernel_insn_err(fxrstor %[fx], "=m" (*fx), [fx] "m" (*fx)); else return kernel_insn_err(fxrstorq %[fx], "=m" (*fx), [fx] "m" (*fx)); } static inline int copy_user_to_fxregs(struct fxregs_state __user *fx) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_32)) return user_insn(fxrstor %[fx], "=m" (*fx), [fx] "m" (*fx)); else return user_insn(fxrstorq %[fx], "=m" (*fx), [fx] "m" (*fx)); } static inline void copy_kernel_to_fregs(struct fregs_state *fx) { kernel_insn(frstor %[fx], "=m" (*fx), [fx] "m" (*fx)); } static inline int copy_kernel_to_fregs_err(struct fregs_state *fx) { return kernel_insn_err(frstor %[fx], "=m" (*fx), [fx] "m" (*fx)); } static inline int copy_user_to_fregs(struct fregs_state __user *fx) { return user_insn(frstor %[fx], "=m" (*fx), [fx] "m" (*fx)); } static inline void copy_fxregs_to_kernel(struct fpu *fpu) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_32)) asm volatile( "fxsave %[fx]" : [fx] "=m" (fpu->state.fxsave)); else asm volatile("fxsaveq %[fx]" : [fx] "=m" (fpu->state.fxsave)); } static inline void fxsave(struct fxregs_state *fx) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_32)) asm volatile( "fxsave %[fx]" : [fx] "=m" (*fx)); else asm volatile("fxsaveq %[fx]" : [fx] "=m" (*fx)); } /* These macros all use (%edi)/(%rdi) as the single memory argument. */ #define XSAVE ".byte " REX_PREFIX "0x0f,0xae,0x27" #define XSAVEOPT ".byte " REX_PREFIX "0x0f,0xae,0x37" #define XSAVES ".byte " REX_PREFIX "0x0f,0xc7,0x2f" #define XRSTOR ".byte " REX_PREFIX "0x0f,0xae,0x2f" #define XRSTORS ".byte " REX_PREFIX "0x0f,0xc7,0x1f" /* * After this @err contains 0 on success or the negated trap number when * the operation raises an exception. For faults this results in -EFAULT. */ #define XSTATE_OP(op, st, lmask, hmask, err) \ asm volatile("1:" op "\n\t" \ "xor %[err], %[err]\n" \ "2:\n\t" \ ".pushsection .fixup,\"ax\"\n\t" \ "3: negl %%eax\n\t" \ "jmp 2b\n\t" \ ".popsection\n\t" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_FAULT(1b, 3b) \ : [err] "=a" (err) \ : "D" (st), "m" (*st), "a" (lmask), "d" (hmask) \ : "memory") /* * If XSAVES is enabled, it replaces XSAVEOPT because it supports a compact * format and supervisor states in addition to modified optimization in * XSAVEOPT. * * Otherwise, if XSAVEOPT is enabled, XSAVEOPT replaces XSAVE because XSAVEOPT * supports modified optimization which is not supported by XSAVE. * * We use XSAVE as a fallback. * * The 661 label is defined in the ALTERNATIVE* macros as the address of the * original instruction which gets replaced. We need to use it here as the * address of the instruction where we might get an exception at. */ #define XSTATE_XSAVE(st, lmask, hmask, err) \ asm volatile(ALTERNATIVE_2(XSAVE, \ XSAVEOPT, X86_FEATURE_XSAVEOPT, \ XSAVES, X86_FEATURE_XSAVES) \ "\n" \ "xor %[err], %[err]\n" \ "3:\n" \ ".pushsection .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \ "4: movl $-2, %[err]\n" \ "jmp 3b\n" \ ".popsection\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE(661b, 4b) \ : [err] "=r" (err) \ : "D" (st), "m" (*st), "a" (lmask), "d" (hmask) \ : "memory") /* * Use XRSTORS to restore context if it is enabled. XRSTORS supports compact * XSAVE area format. */ #define XSTATE_XRESTORE(st, lmask, hmask) \ asm volatile(ALTERNATIVE(XRSTOR, \ XRSTORS, X86_FEATURE_XSAVES) \ "\n" \ "3:\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_HANDLE(661b, 3b, ex_handler_fprestore)\ : \ : "D" (st), "m" (*st), "a" (lmask), "d" (hmask) \ : "memory") /* * This function is called only during boot time when x86 caps are not set * up and alternative can not be used yet. */ static inline void copy_kernel_to_xregs_booting(struct xregs_state *xstate) { u64 mask = -1; u32 lmask = mask; u32 hmask = mask >> 32; int err; WARN_ON(system_state != SYSTEM_BOOTING); if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XSAVES)) XSTATE_OP(XRSTORS, xstate, lmask, hmask, err); else XSTATE_OP(XRSTOR, xstate, lmask, hmask, err); /* * We should never fault when copying from a kernel buffer, and the FPU * state we set at boot time should be valid. */ WARN_ON_FPU(err); } /* * Save processor xstate to xsave area. */ static inline void copy_xregs_to_kernel(struct xregs_state *xstate) { u64 mask = xfeatures_mask_all; u32 lmask = mask; u32 hmask = mask >> 32; int err; WARN_ON_FPU(!alternatives_patched); XSTATE_XSAVE(xstate, lmask, hmask, err); /* We should never fault when copying to a kernel buffer: */ WARN_ON_FPU(err); } /* * Restore processor xstate from xsave area. */ static inline void copy_kernel_to_xregs(struct xregs_state *xstate, u64 mask) { u32 lmask = mask; u32 hmask = mask >> 32; XSTATE_XRESTORE(xstate, lmask, hmask); } /* * Save xstate to user space xsave area. * * We don't use modified optimization because xrstor/xrstors might track * a different application. * * We don't use compacted format xsave area for * backward compatibility for old applications which don't understand * compacted format of xsave area. */ static inline int copy_xregs_to_user(struct xregs_state __user *buf) { u64 mask = xfeatures_mask_user(); u32 lmask = mask; u32 hmask = mask >> 32; int err; /* * Clear the xsave header first, so that reserved fields are * initialized to zero. */ err = __clear_user(&buf->header, sizeof(buf->header)); if (unlikely(err)) return -EFAULT; stac(); XSTATE_OP(XSAVE, buf, lmask, hmask, err); clac(); return err; } /* * Restore xstate from user space xsave area. */ static inline int copy_user_to_xregs(struct xregs_state __user *buf, u64 mask) { struct xregs_state *xstate = ((__force struct xregs_state *)buf); u32 lmask = mask; u32 hmask = mask >> 32; int err; stac(); XSTATE_OP(XRSTOR, xstate, lmask, hmask, err); clac(); return err; } /* * Restore xstate from kernel space xsave area, return an error code instead of * an exception. */ static inline int copy_kernel_to_xregs_err(struct xregs_state *xstate, u64 mask) { u32 lmask = mask; u32 hmask = mask >> 32; int err; if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XSAVES)) XSTATE_OP(XRSTORS, xstate, lmask, hmask, err); else XSTATE_OP(XRSTOR, xstate, lmask, hmask, err); return err; } extern int copy_fpregs_to_fpstate(struct fpu *fpu); static inline void __copy_kernel_to_fpregs(union fpregs_state *fpstate, u64 mask) { if (use_xsave()) { copy_kernel_to_xregs(&fpstate->xsave, mask); } else { if (use_fxsr()) copy_kernel_to_fxregs(&fpstate->fxsave); else copy_kernel_to_fregs(&fpstate->fsave); } } static inline void copy_kernel_to_fpregs(union fpregs_state *fpstate) { /* * AMD K7/K8 CPUs don't save/restore FDP/FIP/FOP unless an exception is * pending. Clear the x87 state here by setting it to fixed values. * "m" is a random variable that should be in L1. */ if (unlikely(static_cpu_has_bug(X86_BUG_FXSAVE_LEAK))) { asm volatile( "fnclex\n\t" "emms\n\t" "fildl %P[addr]" /* set F?P to defined value */ : : [addr] "m" (fpstate)); } __copy_kernel_to_fpregs(fpstate, -1); } extern int copy_fpstate_to_sigframe(void __user *buf, void __user *fp, int size); /* * FPU context switch related helper methods: */ DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct fpu *, fpu_fpregs_owner_ctx); /* * The in-register FPU state for an FPU context on a CPU is assumed to be * valid if the fpu->last_cpu matches the CPU, and the fpu_fpregs_owner_ctx * matches the FPU. * * If the FPU register state is valid, the kernel can skip restoring the * FPU state from memory. * * Any code that clobbers the FPU registers or updates the in-memory * FPU state for a task MUST let the rest of the kernel know that the * FPU registers are no longer valid for this task. * * Either one of these invalidation functions is enough. Invalidate * a resource you control: CPU if using the CPU for something else * (with preemption disabled), FPU for the current task, or a task that * is prevented from running by the current task. */ static inline void __cpu_invalidate_fpregs_state(void) { __this_cpu_write(fpu_fpregs_owner_ctx, NULL); } static inline void __fpu_invalidate_fpregs_state(struct fpu *fpu) { fpu->last_cpu = -1; } static inline int fpregs_state_valid(struct fpu *fpu, unsigned int cpu) { return fpu == this_cpu_read(fpu_fpregs_owner_ctx) && cpu == fpu->last_cpu; } /* * These generally need preemption protection to work, * do try to avoid using these on their own: */ static inline void fpregs_deactivate(struct fpu *fpu) { this_cpu_write(fpu_fpregs_owner_ctx, NULL); trace_x86_fpu_regs_deactivated(fpu); } static inline void fpregs_activate(struct fpu *fpu) { this_cpu_write(fpu_fpregs_owner_ctx, fpu); trace_x86_fpu_regs_activated(fpu); } /* * Internal helper, do not use directly. Use switch_fpu_return() instead. */ static inline void __fpregs_load_activate(void) { struct fpu *fpu = &current->thread.fpu; int cpu = smp_processor_id(); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(current->flags & PF_KTHREAD)) return; if (!fpregs_state_valid(fpu, cpu)) { copy_kernel_to_fpregs(&fpu->state); fpregs_activate(fpu); fpu->last_cpu = cpu; } clear_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD); } /* * FPU state switching for scheduling. * * This is a two-stage process: * * - switch_fpu_prepare() saves the old state. * This is done within the context of the old process. * * - switch_fpu_finish() sets TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD; the floating point state * will get loaded on return to userspace, or when the kernel needs it. * * If TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD is cleared then the CPU's FPU registers * are saved in the current thread's FPU register state. * * If TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD is set then CPU's FPU registers may not * hold current()'s FPU registers. It is required to load the * registers before returning to userland or using the content * otherwise. * * The FPU context is only stored/restored for a user task and * PF_KTHREAD is used to distinguish between kernel and user threads. */ static inline void switch_fpu_prepare(struct fpu *old_fpu, int cpu) { if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FPU) && !(current->flags & PF_KTHREAD)) { if (!copy_fpregs_to_fpstate(old_fpu)) old_fpu->last_cpu = -1; else old_fpu->last_cpu = cpu; /* But leave fpu_fpregs_owner_ctx! */ trace_x86_fpu_regs_deactivated(old_fpu); } } /* * Misc helper functions: */ /* * Load PKRU from the FPU context if available. Delay loading of the * complete FPU state until the return to userland. */ static inline void switch_fpu_finish(struct fpu *new_fpu) { u32 pkru_val = init_pkru_value; struct pkru_state *pk; if (!static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FPU)) return; set_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD); if (!cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) return; /* * PKRU state is switched eagerly because it needs to be valid before we * return to userland e.g. for a copy_to_user() operation. */ if (!(current->flags & PF_KTHREAD)) { /* * If the PKRU bit in xsave.header.xfeatures is not set, * then the PKRU component was in init state, which means * XRSTOR will set PKRU to 0. If the bit is not set then * get_xsave_addr() will return NULL because the PKRU value * in memory is not valid. This means pkru_val has to be * set to 0 and not to init_pkru_value. */ pk = get_xsave_addr(&new_fpu->state.xsave, XFEATURE_PKRU); pkru_val = pk ? pk->pkru : 0; } __write_pkru(pkru_val); } #endif /* _ASM_X86_FPU_INTERNAL_H */
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1218 1219 1220 1221 1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 1242 1243 1244 1245 1246 1247 1248 1249 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 1260 1261 1262 1263 1264 1265 1266 1267 1268 1269 1270 1271 1272 1273 1274 1275 1276 1277 1278 1279 1280 1281 1282 1283 1284 1285 1286 1287 1288 1289 1290 1291 1292 1293 1294 1295 1296 1297 1298 1299 1300 1301 1302 1303 1304 1305 1306 1307 1308 1309 1310 1311 1312 1313 1314 1315 1316 1317 1318 1319 1320 1321 1322 1323 1324 1325 1326 1327 1328 1329 1330 1331 1332 1333 1334 1335 1336 1337 1338 1339 1340 1341 1342 1343 1344 1345 1346 1347 1348 1349 1350 1351 1352 1353 1354 1355 1356 1357 1358 1359 1360 1361 1362 1363 1364 1365 1366 1367 1368 1369 1370 1371 1372 1373 1374 1375 1376 1377 1378 1379 1380 1381 1382 1383 1384 1385 1386 1387 1388 1389 1390 1391 1392 1393 1394 1395 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/fs/open.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds */ #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/fdtable.h> #include <linux/fsnotify.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/tty.h> #include <linux/namei.h> #include <linux/backing-dev.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/securebits.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/fcntl.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/personality.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/falloc.h> #include <linux/fs_struct.h> #include <linux/ima.h> #include <linux/dnotify.h> #include <linux/compat.h> #include "internal.h" int do_truncate(struct dentry *dentry, loff_t length, unsigned int time_attrs, struct file *filp) { int ret; struct iattr newattrs; /* Not pretty: "inode->i_size" shouldn't really be signed. But it is. */ if (length < 0) return -EINVAL; newattrs.ia_size = length; newattrs.ia_valid = ATTR_SIZE | time_attrs; if (filp) { newattrs.ia_file = filp; newattrs.ia_valid |= ATTR_FILE; } /* Remove suid, sgid, and file capabilities on truncate too */ ret = dentry_needs_remove_privs(dentry); if (ret < 0) return ret; if (ret) newattrs.ia_valid |= ret | ATTR_FORCE; inode_lock(dentry->d_inode); /* Note any delegations or leases have already been broken: */ ret = notify_change(dentry, &newattrs, NULL); inode_unlock(dentry->d_inode); return ret; } long vfs_truncate(const struct path *path, loff_t length) { struct inode *inode; long error; inode = path->dentry->d_inode; /* For directories it's -EISDIR, for other non-regulars - -EINVAL */ if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) return -EISDIR; if (!S_ISREG(inode->i_mode)) return -EINVAL; error = mnt_want_write(path->mnt); if (error) goto out; error = inode_permission(inode, MAY_WRITE); if (error) goto mnt_drop_write_and_out; error = -EPERM; if (IS_APPEND(inode)) goto mnt_drop_write_and_out; error = get_write_access(inode); if (error) goto mnt_drop_write_and_out; /* * Make sure that there are no leases. get_write_access() protects * against the truncate racing with a lease-granting setlease(). */ error = break_lease(inode, O_WRONLY); if (error) goto put_write_and_out; error = locks_verify_truncate(inode, NULL, length); if (!error) error = security_path_truncate(path); if (!error) error = do_truncate(path->dentry, length, 0, NULL); put_write_and_out: put_write_access(inode); mnt_drop_write_and_out: mnt_drop_write(path->mnt); out: return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfs_truncate); long do_sys_truncate(const char __user *pathname, loff_t length) { unsigned int lookup_flags = LOOKUP_FOLLOW; struct path path; int error; if (length < 0) /* sorry, but loff_t says... */ return -EINVAL; retry: error = user_path_at(AT_FDCWD, pathname, lookup_flags, &path); if (!error) { error = vfs_truncate(&path, length); path_put(&path); } if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(truncate, const char __user *, path, long, length) { return do_sys_truncate(path, length); } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE2(truncate, const char __user *, path, compat_off_t, length) { return do_sys_truncate(path, length); } #endif long do_sys_ftruncate(unsigned int fd, loff_t length, int small) { struct inode *inode; struct dentry *dentry; struct fd f; int error; error = -EINVAL; if (length < 0) goto out; error = -EBADF; f = fdget(fd); if (!f.file) goto out; /* explicitly opened as large or we are on 64-bit box */ if (f.file->f_flags & O_LARGEFILE) small = 0; dentry = f.file->f_path.dentry; inode = dentry->d_inode; error = -EINVAL; if (!S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) || !(f.file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE)) goto out_putf; error = -EINVAL; /* Cannot ftruncate over 2^31 bytes without large file support */ if (small && length > MAX_NON_LFS) goto out_putf; error = -EPERM; /* Check IS_APPEND on real upper inode */ if (IS_APPEND(file_inode(f.file))) goto out_putf; sb_start_write(inode->i_sb); error = locks_verify_truncate(inode, f.file, length); if (!error) error = security_path_truncate(&f.file->f_path); if (!error) error = do_truncate(dentry, length, ATTR_MTIME|ATTR_CTIME, f.file); sb_end_write(inode->i_sb); out_putf: fdput(f); out: return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(ftruncate, unsigned int, fd, unsigned long, length) { return do_sys_ftruncate(fd, length, 1); } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE2(ftruncate, unsigned int, fd, compat_ulong_t, length) { return do_sys_ftruncate(fd, length, 1); } #endif /* LFS versions of truncate are only needed on 32 bit machines */ #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 SYSCALL_DEFINE2(truncate64, const char __user *, path, loff_t, length) { return do_sys_truncate(path, length); } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(ftruncate64, unsigned int, fd, loff_t, length) { return do_sys_ftruncate(fd, length, 0); } #endif /* BITS_PER_LONG == 32 */ int vfs_fallocate(struct file *file, int mode, loff_t offset, loff_t len) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(file); long ret; if (offset < 0 || len <= 0) return -EINVAL; /* Return error if mode is not supported */ if (mode & ~FALLOC_FL_SUPPORTED_MASK) return -EOPNOTSUPP; /* Punch hole and zero range are mutually exclusive */ if ((mode & (FALLOC_FL_PUNCH_HOLE | FALLOC_FL_ZERO_RANGE)) == (FALLOC_FL_PUNCH_HOLE | FALLOC_FL_ZERO_RANGE)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; /* Punch hole must have keep size set */ if ((mode & FALLOC_FL_PUNCH_HOLE) && !(mode & FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; /* Collapse range should only be used exclusively. */ if ((mode & FALLOC_FL_COLLAPSE_RANGE) && (mode & ~FALLOC_FL_COLLAPSE_RANGE)) return -EINVAL; /* Insert range should only be used exclusively. */ if ((mode & FALLOC_FL_INSERT_RANGE) && (mode & ~FALLOC_FL_INSERT_RANGE)) return -EINVAL; /* Unshare range should only be used with allocate mode. */ if ((mode & FALLOC_FL_UNSHARE_RANGE) && (mode & ~(FALLOC_FL_UNSHARE_RANGE | FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE))) return -EINVAL; if (!(file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE)) return -EBADF; /* * We can only allow pure fallocate on append only files */ if ((mode & ~FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE) && IS_APPEND(inode)) return -EPERM; if (IS_IMMUTABLE(inode)) return -EPERM; /* * We cannot allow any fallocate operation on an active swapfile */ if (IS_SWAPFILE(inode)) return -ETXTBSY; /* * Revalidate the write permissions, in case security policy has * changed since the files were opened. */ ret = security_file_permission(file, MAY_WRITE); if (ret) return ret; if (S_ISFIFO(inode->i_mode)) return -ESPIPE; if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) return -EISDIR; if (!S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) && !S_ISBLK(inode->i_mode)) return -ENODEV; /* Check for wrap through zero too */ if (((offset + len) > inode->i_sb->s_maxbytes) || ((offset + len) < 0)) return -EFBIG; if (!file->f_op->fallocate) return -EOPNOTSUPP; file_start_write(file); ret = file->f_op->fallocate(file, mode, offset, len); /* * Create inotify and fanotify events. * * To keep the logic simple always create events if fallocate succeeds. * This implies that events are even created if the file size remains * unchanged, e.g. when using flag FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE. */ if (ret == 0) fsnotify_modify(file); file_end_write(file); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfs_fallocate); int ksys_fallocate(int fd, int mode, loff_t offset, loff_t len) { struct fd f = fdget(fd); int error = -EBADF; if (f.file) { error = vfs_fallocate(f.file, mode, offset, len); fdput(f); } return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE4(fallocate, int, fd, int, mode, loff_t, offset, loff_t, len) { return ksys_fallocate(fd, mode, offset, len); } /* * access() needs to use the real uid/gid, not the effective uid/gid. * We do this by temporarily clearing all FS-related capabilities and * switching the fsuid/fsgid around to the real ones. */ static const struct cred *access_override_creds(void) { const struct cred *old_cred; struct cred *override_cred; override_cred = prepare_creds(); if (!override_cred) return NULL; override_cred->fsuid = override_cred->uid; override_cred->fsgid = override_cred->gid; if (!issecure(SECURE_NO_SETUID_FIXUP)) { /* Clear the capabilities if we switch to a non-root user */ kuid_t root_uid = make_kuid(override_cred->user_ns, 0); if (!uid_eq(override_cred->uid, root_uid)) cap_clear(override_cred->cap_effective); else override_cred->cap_effective = override_cred->cap_permitted; } /* * The new set of credentials can *only* be used in * task-synchronous circumstances, and does not need * RCU freeing, unless somebody then takes a separate * reference to it. * * NOTE! This is _only_ true because this credential * is used purely for override_creds() that installs * it as the subjective cred. Other threads will be * accessing ->real_cred, not the subjective cred. * * If somebody _does_ make a copy of this (using the * 'get_current_cred()' function), that will clear the * non_rcu field, because now that other user may be * expecting RCU freeing. But normal thread-synchronous * cred accesses will keep things non-RCY. */ override_cred->non_rcu = 1; old_cred = override_creds(override_cred); /* override_cred() gets its own ref */ put_cred(override_cred); return old_cred; } static long do_faccessat(int dfd, const char __user *filename, int mode, int flags) { struct path path; struct inode *inode; int res; unsigned int lookup_flags = LOOKUP_FOLLOW; const struct cred *old_cred = NULL; if (mode & ~S_IRWXO) /* where's F_OK, X_OK, W_OK, R_OK? */ return -EINVAL; if (flags & ~(AT_EACCESS | AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW | AT_EMPTY_PATH)) return -EINVAL; if (flags & AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW) lookup_flags &= ~LOOKUP_FOLLOW; if (flags & AT_EMPTY_PATH) lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_EMPTY; if (!(flags & AT_EACCESS)) { old_cred = access_override_creds(); if (!old_cred) return -ENOMEM; } retry: res = user_path_at(dfd, filename, lookup_flags, &path); if (res) goto out; inode = d_backing_inode(path.dentry); if ((mode & MAY_EXEC) && S_ISREG(inode->i_mode)) { /* * MAY_EXEC on regular files is denied if the fs is mounted * with the "noexec" flag. */ res = -EACCES; if (path_noexec(&path)) goto out_path_release; } res = inode_permission(inode, mode | MAY_ACCESS); /* SuS v2 requires we report a read only fs too */ if (res || !(mode & S_IWOTH) || special_file(inode->i_mode)) goto out_path_release; /* * This is a rare case where using __mnt_is_readonly() * is OK without a mnt_want/drop_write() pair. Since * no actual write to the fs is performed here, we do * not need to telegraph to that to anyone. * * By doing this, we accept that this access is * inherently racy and know that the fs may change * state before we even see this result. */ if (__mnt_is_readonly(path.mnt)) res = -EROFS; out_path_release: path_put(&path); if (retry_estale(res, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } out: if (old_cred) revert_creds(old_cred); return res; } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(faccessat, int, dfd, const char __user *, filename, int, mode) { return do_faccessat(dfd, filename, mode, 0); } SYSCALL_DEFINE4(faccessat2, int, dfd, const char __user *, filename, int, mode, int, flags) { return do_faccessat(dfd, filename, mode, flags); } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(access, const char __user *, filename, int, mode) { return do_faccessat(AT_FDCWD, filename, mode, 0); } SYSCALL_DEFINE1(chdir, const char __user *, filename) { struct path path; int error; unsigned int lookup_flags = LOOKUP_FOLLOW | LOOKUP_DIRECTORY; retry: error = user_path_at(AT_FDCWD, filename, lookup_flags, &path); if (error) goto out; error = inode_permission(path.dentry->d_inode, MAY_EXEC | MAY_CHDIR); if (error) goto dput_and_out; set_fs_pwd(current->fs, &path); dput_and_out: path_put(&path); if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } out: return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE1(fchdir, unsigned int, fd) { struct fd f = fdget_raw(fd); int error; error = -EBADF; if (!f.file) goto out; error = -ENOTDIR; if (!d_can_lookup(f.file->f_path.dentry)) goto out_putf; error = inode_permission(file_inode(f.file), MAY_EXEC | MAY_CHDIR); if (!error) set_fs_pwd(current->fs, &f.file->f_path); out_putf: fdput(f); out: return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE1(chroot, const char __user *, filename) { struct path path; int error; unsigned int lookup_flags = LOOKUP_FOLLOW | LOOKUP_DIRECTORY; retry: error = user_path_at(AT_FDCWD, filename, lookup_flags, &path); if (error) goto out; error = inode_permission(path.dentry->d_inode, MAY_EXEC | MAY_CHDIR); if (error) goto dput_and_out; error = -EPERM; if (!ns_capable(current_user_ns(), CAP_SYS_CHROOT)) goto dput_and_out; error = security_path_chroot(&path); if (error) goto dput_and_out; set_fs_root(current->fs, &path); error = 0; dput_and_out: path_put(&path); if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } out: return error; } int chmod_common(const struct path *path, umode_t mode) { struct inode *inode = path->dentry->d_inode; struct inode *delegated_inode = NULL; struct iattr newattrs; int error; error = mnt_want_write(path->mnt); if (error) return error; retry_deleg: inode_lock(inode); error = security_path_chmod(path, mode); if (error) goto out_unlock; newattrs.ia_mode = (mode & S_IALLUGO) | (inode->i_mode & ~S_IALLUGO); newattrs.ia_valid = ATTR_MODE | ATTR_CTIME; error = notify_change(path->dentry, &newattrs, &delegated_inode); out_unlock: inode_unlock(inode); if (delegated_inode) { error = break_deleg_wait(&delegated_inode); if (!error) goto retry_deleg; } mnt_drop_write(path->mnt); return error; } int vfs_fchmod(struct file *file, umode_t mode) { audit_file(file); return chmod_common(&file->f_path, mode); } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(fchmod, unsigned int, fd, umode_t, mode) { struct fd f = fdget(fd); int err = -EBADF; if (f.file) { err = vfs_fchmod(f.file, mode); fdput(f); } return err; } static int do_fchmodat(int dfd, const char __user *filename, umode_t mode) { struct path path; int error; unsigned int lookup_flags = LOOKUP_FOLLOW; retry: error = user_path_at(dfd, filename, lookup_flags, &path); if (!error) { error = chmod_common(&path, mode); path_put(&path); if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } } return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(fchmodat, int, dfd, const char __user *, filename, umode_t, mode) { return do_fchmodat(dfd, filename, mode); } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(chmod, const char __user *, filename, umode_t, mode) { return do_fchmodat(AT_FDCWD, filename, mode); } int chown_common(const struct path *path, uid_t user, gid_t group) { struct inode *inode = path->dentry->d_inode; struct inode *delegated_inode = NULL; int error; struct iattr newattrs; kuid_t uid; kgid_t gid; uid = make_kuid(current_user_ns(), user); gid = make_kgid(current_user_ns(), group); retry_deleg: newattrs.ia_valid = ATTR_CTIME; if (user != (uid_t) -1) { if (!uid_valid(uid)) return -EINVAL; newattrs.ia_valid |= ATTR_UID; newattrs.ia_uid = uid; } if (group != (gid_t) -1) { if (!gid_valid(gid)) return -EINVAL; newattrs.ia_valid |= ATTR_GID; newattrs.ia_gid = gid; } if (!S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) newattrs.ia_valid |= ATTR_KILL_SUID | ATTR_KILL_SGID | ATTR_KILL_PRIV; inode_lock(inode); error = security_path_chown(path, uid, gid); if (!error) error = notify_change(path->dentry, &newattrs, &delegated_inode); inode_unlock(inode); if (delegated_inode) { error = break_deleg_wait(&delegated_inode); if (!error) goto retry_deleg; } return error; } int do_fchownat(int dfd, const char __user *filename, uid_t user, gid_t group, int flag) { struct path path; int error = -EINVAL; int lookup_flags; if ((flag & ~(AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW | AT_EMPTY_PATH)) != 0) goto out; lookup_flags = (flag & AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW) ? 0 : LOOKUP_FOLLOW; if (flag & AT_EMPTY_PATH) lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_EMPTY; retry: error = user_path_at(dfd, filename, lookup_flags, &path); if (error) goto out; error = mnt_want_write(path.mnt); if (error) goto out_release; error = chown_common(&path, user, group); mnt_drop_write(path.mnt); out_release: path_put(&path); if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } out: return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE5(fchownat, int, dfd, const char __user *, filename, uid_t, user, gid_t, group, int, flag) { return do_fchownat(dfd, filename, user, group, flag); } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(chown, const char __user *, filename, uid_t, user, gid_t, group) { return do_fchownat(AT_FDCWD, filename, user, group, 0); } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(lchown, const char __user *, filename, uid_t, user, gid_t, group) { return do_fchownat(AT_FDCWD, filename, user, group, AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW); } int vfs_fchown(struct file *file, uid_t user, gid_t group) { int error; error = mnt_want_write_file(file); if (error) return error; audit_file(file); error = chown_common(&file->f_path, user, group); mnt_drop_write_file(file); return error; } int ksys_fchown(unsigned int fd, uid_t user, gid_t group) { struct fd f = fdget(fd); int error = -EBADF; if (f.file) { error = vfs_fchown(f.file, user, group); fdput(f); } return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(fchown, unsigned int, fd, uid_t, user, gid_t, group) { return ksys_fchown(fd, user, group); } static int do_dentry_open(struct file *f, struct inode *inode, int (*open)(struct inode *, struct file *)) { static const struct file_operations empty_fops = {}; int error; path_get(&f->f_path); f->f_inode = inode; f->f_mapping = inode->i_mapping; f->f_wb_err = filemap_sample_wb_err(f->f_mapping); f->f_sb_err = file_sample_sb_err(f); if (unlikely(f->f_flags & O_PATH)) { f->f_mode = FMODE_PATH | FMODE_OPENED; f->f_op = &empty_fops; return 0; } if (f->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE && !special_file(inode->i_mode)) { error = get_write_access(inode); if (unlikely(error)) goto cleanup_file; error = __mnt_want_write(f->f_path.mnt); if (unlikely(error)) { put_write_access(inode); goto cleanup_file; } f->f_mode |= FMODE_WRITER; } /* POSIX.1-2008/SUSv4 Section XSI 2.9.7 */ if (S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) || S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) f->f_mode |= FMODE_ATOMIC_POS; f->f_op = fops_get(inode->i_fop); if (WARN_ON(!f->f_op)) { error = -ENODEV; goto cleanup_all; } error = security_file_open(f); if (error) goto cleanup_all; error = break_lease(locks_inode(f), f->f_flags); if (error) goto cleanup_all; /* normally all 3 are set; ->open() can clear them if needed */ f->f_mode |= FMODE_LSEEK | FMODE_PREAD | FMODE_PWRITE; if (!open) open = f->f_op->open; if (open) { error = open(inode, f); if (error) goto cleanup_all; } f->f_mode |= FMODE_OPENED; if ((f->f_mode & (FMODE_READ | FMODE_WRITE)) == FMODE_READ) i_readcount_inc(inode); if ((f->f_mode & FMODE_READ) && likely(f->f_op->read || f->f_op->read_iter)) f->f_mode |= FMODE_CAN_READ; if ((f->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE) && likely(f->f_op->write || f->f_op->write_iter)) f->f_mode |= FMODE_CAN_WRITE; f->f_write_hint = WRITE_LIFE_NOT_SET; f->f_flags &= ~(O_CREAT | O_EXCL | O_NOCTTY | O_TRUNC); file_ra_state_init(&f->f_ra, f->f_mapping->host->i_mapping); /* NB: we're sure to have correct a_ops only after f_op->open */ if (f->f_flags & O_DIRECT) { if (!f->f_mapping->a_ops || !f->f_mapping->a_ops->direct_IO) return -EINVAL; } /* * XXX: Huge page cache doesn't support writing yet. Drop all page * cache for this file before processing writes. */ if ((f->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE) && filemap_nr_thps(inode->i_mapping)) truncate_pagecache(inode, 0); return 0; cleanup_all: if (WARN_ON_ONCE(error > 0)) error = -EINVAL; fops_put(f->f_op); if (f->f_mode & FMODE_WRITER) { put_write_access(inode); __mnt_drop_write(f->f_path.mnt); } cleanup_file: path_put(&f->f_path); f->f_path.mnt = NULL; f->f_path.dentry = NULL; f->f_inode = NULL; return error; } /** * finish_open - finish opening a file * @file: file pointer * @dentry: pointer to dentry * @open: open callback * @opened: state of open * * This can be used to finish opening a file passed to i_op->atomic_open(). * * If the open callback is set to NULL, then the standard f_op->open() * filesystem callback is substituted. * * NB: the dentry reference is _not_ consumed. If, for example, the dentry is * the return value of d_splice_alias(), then the caller needs to perform dput() * on it after finish_open(). * * Returns zero on success or -errno if the open failed. */ int finish_open(struct file *file, struct dentry *dentry, int (*open)(struct inode *, struct file *)) { BUG_ON(file->f_mode & FMODE_OPENED); /* once it's opened, it's opened */ file->f_path.dentry = dentry; return do_dentry_open(file, d_backing_inode(dentry), open); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(finish_open); /** * finish_no_open - finish ->atomic_open() without opening the file * * @file: file pointer * @dentry: dentry or NULL (as returned from ->lookup()) * * This can be used to set the result of a successful lookup in ->atomic_open(). * * NB: unlike finish_open() this function does consume the dentry reference and * the caller need not dput() it. * * Returns "0" which must be the return value of ->atomic_open() after having * called this function. */ int finish_no_open(struct file *file, struct dentry *dentry) { file->f_path.dentry = dentry; return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(finish_no_open); char *file_path(struct file *filp, char *buf, int buflen) { return d_path(&filp->f_path, buf, buflen); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(file_path); /** * vfs_open - open the file at the given path * @path: path to open * @file: newly allocated file with f_flag initialized * @cred: credentials to use */ int vfs_open(const struct path *path, struct file *file) { file->f_path = *path; return do_dentry_open(file, d_backing_inode(path->dentry), NULL); } struct file *dentry_open(const struct path *path, int flags, const struct cred *cred) { int error; struct file *f; validate_creds(cred); /* We must always pass in a valid mount pointer. */ BUG_ON(!path->mnt); f = alloc_empty_file(flags, cred); if (!IS_ERR(f)) { error = vfs_open(path, f); if (error) { fput(f); f = ERR_PTR(error); } } return f; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(dentry_open); struct file *open_with_fake_path(const struct path *path, int flags, struct inode *inode, const struct cred *cred) { struct file *f = alloc_empty_file_noaccount(flags, cred); if (!IS_ERR(f)) { int error; f->f_path = *path; error = do_dentry_open(f, inode, NULL); if (error) { fput(f); f = ERR_PTR(error); } } return f; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(open_with_fake_path); #define WILL_CREATE(flags) (flags & (O_CREAT | __O_TMPFILE)) #define O_PATH_FLAGS (O_DIRECTORY | O_NOFOLLOW | O_PATH | O_CLOEXEC) inline struct open_how build_open_how(int flags, umode_t mode) { struct open_how how = { .flags = flags & VALID_OPEN_FLAGS, .mode = mode & S_IALLUGO, }; /* O_PATH beats everything else. */ if (how.flags & O_PATH) how.flags &= O_PATH_FLAGS; /* Modes should only be set for create-like flags. */ if (!WILL_CREATE(how.flags)) how.mode = 0; return how; } inline int build_open_flags(const struct open_how *how, struct open_flags *op) { u64 flags = how->flags; u64 strip = FMODE_NONOTIFY | O_CLOEXEC; int lookup_flags = 0; int acc_mode = ACC_MODE(flags); BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG(upper_32_bits(VALID_OPEN_FLAGS), "struct open_flags doesn't yet handle flags > 32 bits"); /* * Strip flags that either shouldn't be set by userspace like * FMODE_NONOTIFY or that aren't relevant in determining struct * open_flags like O_CLOEXEC. */ flags &= ~strip; /* * Older syscalls implicitly clear all of the invalid flags or argument * values before calling build_open_flags(), but openat2(2) checks all * of its arguments. */ if (flags & ~VALID_OPEN_FLAGS) return -EINVAL; if (how->resolve & ~VALID_RESOLVE_FLAGS) return -EINVAL; /* Scoping flags are mutually exclusive. */ if ((how->resolve & RESOLVE_BENEATH) && (how->resolve & RESOLVE_IN_ROOT)) return -EINVAL; /* Deal with the mode. */ if (WILL_CREATE(flags)) { if (how->mode & ~S_IALLUGO) return -EINVAL; op->mode = how->mode | S_IFREG; } else { if (how->mode != 0) return -EINVAL; op->mode = 0; } /* * In order to ensure programs get explicit errors when trying to use * O_TMPFILE on old kernels, O_TMPFILE is implemented such that it * looks like (O_DIRECTORY|O_RDWR & ~O_CREAT) to old kernels. But we * have to require userspace to explicitly set it. */ if (flags & __O_TMPFILE) { if ((flags & O_TMPFILE_MASK) != O_TMPFILE) return -EINVAL; if (!(acc_mode & MAY_WRITE)) return -EINVAL; } if (flags & O_PATH) { /* O_PATH only permits certain other flags to be set. */ if (flags & ~O_PATH_FLAGS) return -EINVAL; acc_mode = 0; } /* * O_SYNC is implemented as __O_SYNC|O_DSYNC. As many places only * check for O_DSYNC if the need any syncing at all we enforce it's * always set instead of having to deal with possibly weird behaviour * for malicious applications setting only __O_SYNC. */ if (flags & __O_SYNC) flags |= O_DSYNC; op->open_flag = flags; /* O_TRUNC implies we need access checks for write permissions */ if (flags & O_TRUNC) acc_mode |= MAY_WRITE; /* Allow the LSM permission hook to distinguish append access from general write access. */ if (flags & O_APPEND) acc_mode |= MAY_APPEND; op->acc_mode = acc_mode; op->intent = flags & O_PATH ? 0 : LOOKUP_OPEN; if (flags & O_CREAT) { op->intent |= LOOKUP_CREATE; if (flags & O_EXCL) { op->intent |= LOOKUP_EXCL; flags |= O_NOFOLLOW; } } if (flags & O_DIRECTORY) lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_DIRECTORY; if (!(flags & O_NOFOLLOW)) lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_FOLLOW; if (how->resolve & RESOLVE_NO_XDEV) lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_NO_XDEV; if (how->resolve & RESOLVE_NO_MAGICLINKS) lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_NO_MAGICLINKS; if (how->resolve & RESOLVE_NO_SYMLINKS) lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_NO_SYMLINKS; if (how->resolve & RESOLVE_BENEATH) lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_BENEATH; if (how->resolve & RESOLVE_IN_ROOT) lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_IN_ROOT; op->lookup_flags = lookup_flags; return 0; } /** * file_open_name - open file and return file pointer * * @name: struct filename containing path to open * @flags: open flags as per the open(2) second argument * @mode: mode for the new file if O_CREAT is set, else ignored * * This is the helper to open a file from kernelspace if you really * have to. But in generally you should not do this, so please move * along, nothing to see here.. */ struct file *file_open_name(struct filename *name, int flags, umode_t mode) { struct open_flags op; struct open_how how = build_open_how(flags, mode); int err = build_open_flags(&how, &op); if (err) return ERR_PTR(err); return do_filp_open(AT_FDCWD, name, &op); } /** * filp_open - open file and return file pointer * * @filename: path to open * @flags: open flags as per the open(2) second argument * @mode: mode for the new file if O_CREAT is set, else ignored * * This is the helper to open a file from kernelspace if you really * have to. But in generally you should not do this, so please move * along, nothing to see here.. */ struct file *filp_open(const char *filename, int flags, umode_t mode) { struct filename *name = getname_kernel(filename); struct file *file = ERR_CAST(name); if (!IS_ERR(name)) { file = file_open_name(name, flags, mode); putname(name); } return file; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(filp_open); struct file *file_open_root(struct dentry *dentry, struct vfsmount *mnt, const char *filename, int flags, umode_t mode) { struct open_flags op; struct open_how how = build_open_how(flags, mode); int err = build_open_flags(&how, &op); if (err) return ERR_PTR(err); return do_file_open_root(dentry, mnt, filename, &op); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(file_open_root); static long do_sys_openat2(int dfd, const char __user *filename, struct open_how *how) { struct open_flags op; int fd = build_open_flags(how, &op); struct filename *tmp; if (fd) return fd; tmp = getname(filename); if (IS_ERR(tmp)) return PTR_ERR(tmp); fd = get_unused_fd_flags(how->flags); if (fd >= 0) { struct file *f = do_filp_open(dfd, tmp, &op); if (IS_ERR(f)) { put_unused_fd(fd); fd = PTR_ERR(f); } else { fsnotify_open(f); fd_install(fd, f); } } putname(tmp); return fd; } long do_sys_open(int dfd, const char __user *filename, int flags, umode_t mode) { struct open_how how = build_open_how(flags, mode); return do_sys_openat2(dfd, filename, &how); } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(open, const char __user *, filename, int, flags, umode_t, mode) { if (force_o_largefile()) flags |= O_LARGEFILE; return do_sys_open(AT_FDCWD, filename, flags, mode); } SYSCALL_DEFINE4(openat, int, dfd, const char __user *, filename, int, flags, umode_t, mode) { if (force_o_largefile()) flags |= O_LARGEFILE; return do_sys_open(dfd, filename, flags, mode); } SYSCALL_DEFINE4(openat2, int, dfd, const char __user *, filename, struct open_how __user *, how, size_t, usize) { int err; struct open_how tmp; BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct open_how) < OPEN_HOW_SIZE_VER0); BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct open_how) != OPEN_HOW_SIZE_LATEST); if (unlikely(usize < OPEN_HOW_SIZE_VER0)) return -EINVAL; err = copy_struct_from_user(&tmp, sizeof(tmp), how, usize); if (err) return err; /* O_LARGEFILE is only allowed for non-O_PATH. */ if (!(tmp.flags & O_PATH) && force_o_largefile()) tmp.flags |= O_LARGEFILE; return do_sys_openat2(dfd, filename, &tmp); } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT /* * Exactly like sys_open(), except that it doesn't set the * O_LARGEFILE flag. */ COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE3(open, const char __user *, filename, int, flags, umode_t, mode) { return do_sys_open(AT_FDCWD, filename, flags, mode); } /* * Exactly like sys_openat(), except that it doesn't set the * O_LARGEFILE flag. */ COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE4(openat, int, dfd, const char __user *, filename, int, flags, umode_t, mode) { return do_sys_open(dfd, filename, flags, mode); } #endif #ifndef __alpha__ /* * For backward compatibility? Maybe this should be moved * into arch/i386 instead? */ SYSCALL_DEFINE2(creat, const char __user *, pathname, umode_t, mode) { int flags = O_CREAT | O_WRONLY | O_TRUNC; if (force_o_largefile()) flags |= O_LARGEFILE; return do_sys_open(AT_FDCWD, pathname, flags, mode); } #endif /* * "id" is the POSIX thread ID. We use the * files pointer for this.. */ int filp_close(struct file *filp, fl_owner_t id) { int retval = 0; if (!file_count(filp)) { printk(KERN_ERR "VFS: Close: file count is 0\n"); return 0; } if (filp->f_op->flush) retval = filp->f_op->flush(filp, id); if (likely(!(filp->f_mode & FMODE_PATH))) { dnotify_flush(filp, id); locks_remove_posix(filp, id); } fput(filp); return retval; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(filp_close); /* * Careful here! We test whether the file pointer is NULL before * releasing the fd. This ensures that one clone task can't release * an fd while another clone is opening it. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE1(close, unsigned int, fd) { int retval = __close_fd(current->files, fd); /* can't restart close syscall because file table entry was cleared */ if (unlikely(retval == -ERESTARTSYS || retval == -ERESTARTNOINTR || retval == -ERESTARTNOHAND || retval == -ERESTART_RESTARTBLOCK)) retval = -EINTR; return retval; } /** * close_range() - Close all file descriptors in a given range. * * @fd: starting file descriptor to close * @max_fd: last file descriptor to close * @flags: reserved for future extensions * * This closes a range of file descriptors. All file descriptors * from @fd up to and including @max_fd are closed. * Currently, errors to close a given file descriptor are ignored. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE3(close_range, unsigned int, fd, unsigned int, max_fd, unsigned int, flags) { return __close_range(fd, max_fd, flags); } /* * This routine simulates a hangup on the tty, to arrange that users * are given clean terminals at login time. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE0(vhangup) { if (capable(CAP_SYS_TTY_CONFIG)) { tty_vhangup_self(); return 0; } return -EPERM; } /* * Called when an inode is about to be open. * We use this to disallow opening large files on 32bit systems if * the caller didn't specify O_LARGEFILE. On 64bit systems we force * on this flag in sys_open. */ int generic_file_open(struct inode * inode, struct file * filp) { if (!(filp->f_flags & O_LARGEFILE) && i_size_read(inode) > MAX_NON_LFS) return -EOVERFLOW; return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_file_open); /* * This is used by subsystems that don't want seekable * file descriptors. The function is not supposed to ever fail, the only * reason it returns an 'int' and not 'void' is so that it can be plugged * directly into file_operations structure. */ int nonseekable_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp) { filp->f_mode &= ~(FMODE_LSEEK | FMODE_PREAD | FMODE_PWRITE); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(nonseekable_open); /* * stream_open is used by subsystems that want stream-like file descriptors. * Such file descriptors are not seekable and don't have notion of position * (file.f_pos is always 0 and ppos passed to .read()/.write() is always NULL). * Contrary to file descriptors of other regular files, .read() and .write() * can run simultaneously. * * stream_open never fails and is marked to return int so that it could be * directly used as file_operations.open . */ int stream_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp) { filp->f_mode &= ~(FMODE_LSEEK | FMODE_PREAD | FMODE_PWRITE | FMODE_ATOMIC_POS); filp->f_mode |= FMODE_STREAM; return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(stream_open);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_RCULIST_NULLS_H #define _LINUX_RCULIST_NULLS_H #ifdef __KERNEL__ /* * RCU-protected list version */ #include <linux/list_nulls.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> /** * hlist_nulls_del_init_rcu - deletes entry from hash list with re-initialization * @n: the element to delete from the hash list. * * Note: hlist_nulls_unhashed() on the node return true after this. It is * useful for RCU based read lockfree traversal if the writer side * must know if the list entry is still hashed or already unhashed. * * In particular, it means that we can not poison the forward pointers * that may still be used for walking the hash list and we can only * zero the pprev pointer so list_unhashed() will return true after * this. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary (such as * holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing with another * list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_nulls_add_head_rcu() or * hlist_nulls_del_rcu(), running on this same list. However, it is * perfectly legal to run concurrently with the _rcu list-traversal * primitives, such as hlist_nulls_for_each_entry_rcu(). */ static inline void hlist_nulls_del_init_rcu(struct hlist_nulls_node *n) { if (!hlist_nulls_unhashed(n)) { __hlist_nulls_del(n); WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, NULL); } } /** * hlist_nulls_first_rcu - returns the first element of the hash list. * @head: the head of the list. */ #define hlist_nulls_first_rcu(head) \ (*((struct hlist_nulls_node __rcu __force **)&(head)->first)) /** * hlist_nulls_next_rcu - returns the element of the list after @node. * @node: element of the list. */ #define hlist_nulls_next_rcu(node) \ (*((struct hlist_nulls_node __rcu __force **)&(node)->next)) /** * hlist_nulls_del_rcu - deletes entry from hash list without re-initialization * @n: the element to delete from the hash list. * * Note: hlist_nulls_unhashed() on entry does not return true after this, * the entry is in an undefined state. It is useful for RCU based * lockfree traversal. * * In particular, it means that we can not poison the forward * pointers that may still be used for walking the hash list. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_nulls_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_nulls_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_nulls_for_each_entry(). */ static inline void hlist_nulls_del_rcu(struct hlist_nulls_node *n) { __hlist_nulls_del(n); WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, LIST_POISON2); } /** * hlist_nulls_add_head_rcu * @n: the element to add to the hash list. * @h: the list to add to. * * Description: * Adds the specified element to the specified hlist_nulls, * while permitting racing traversals. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_nulls_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_nulls_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_nulls_for_each_entry_rcu(), used to prevent memory-consistency * problems on Alpha CPUs. Regardless of the type of CPU, the * list-traversal primitive must be guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ static inline void hlist_nulls_add_head_rcu(struct hlist_nulls_node *n, struct hlist_nulls_head *h) { struct hlist_nulls_node *first = h->first; n->next = first; WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, &h->first); rcu_assign_pointer(hlist_nulls_first_rcu(h), n); if (!is_a_nulls(first)) WRITE_ONCE(first->pprev, &n->next); } /** * hlist_nulls_add_tail_rcu * @n: the element to add to the hash list. * @h: the list to add to. * * Description: * Adds the specified element to the specified hlist_nulls, * while permitting racing traversals. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_nulls_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_nulls_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_nulls_for_each_entry_rcu(), used to prevent memory-consistency * problems on Alpha CPUs. Regardless of the type of CPU, the * list-traversal primitive must be guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ static inline void hlist_nulls_add_tail_rcu(struct hlist_nulls_node *n, struct hlist_nulls_head *h) { struct hlist_nulls_node *i, *last = NULL; /* Note: write side code, so rcu accessors are not needed. */ for (i = h->first; !is_a_nulls(i); i = i->next) last = i; if (last) { n->next = last->next; n->pprev = &last->next; rcu_assign_pointer(hlist_next_rcu(last), n); } else { hlist_nulls_add_head_rcu(n, h); } } /* after that hlist_nulls_del will work */ static inline void hlist_nulls_add_fake(struct hlist_nulls_node *n) { n->pprev = &n->next; n->next = (struct hlist_nulls_node *)NULLS_MARKER(NULL); } /** * hlist_nulls_for_each_entry_rcu - iterate over rcu list of given type * @tpos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @pos: the &struct hlist_nulls_node to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head of the list. * @member: the name of the hlist_nulls_node within the struct. * * The barrier() is needed to make sure compiler doesn't cache first element [1], * as this loop can be restarted [2] * [1] Documentation/core-api/atomic_ops.rst around line 114 * [2] Documentation/RCU/rculist_nulls.rst around line 146 */ #define hlist_nulls_for_each_entry_rcu(tpos, pos, head, member) \ for (({barrier();}), \ pos = rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_nulls_first_rcu(head)); \ (!is_a_nulls(pos)) && \ ({ tpos = hlist_nulls_entry(pos, typeof(*tpos), member); 1; }); \ pos = rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_nulls_next_rcu(pos))) /** * hlist_nulls_for_each_entry_safe - * iterate over list of given type safe against removal of list entry * @tpos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @pos: the &struct hlist_nulls_node to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head of the list. * @member: the name of the hlist_nulls_node within the struct. */ #define hlist_nulls_for_each_entry_safe(tpos, pos, head, member) \ for (({barrier();}), \ pos = rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_nulls_first_rcu(head)); \ (!is_a_nulls(pos)) && \ ({ tpos = hlist_nulls_entry(pos, typeof(*tpos), member); \ pos = rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_nulls_next_rcu(pos)); 1; });) #endif #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Functions used by both the SCSI initiator code and the SCSI target code. */ #ifndef _SCSI_COMMON_H_ #define _SCSI_COMMON_H_ #include <linux/types.h> #include <scsi/scsi_proto.h> static inline unsigned scsi_varlen_cdb_length(const void *hdr) { return ((struct scsi_varlen_cdb_hdr *)hdr)->additional_cdb_length + 8; } extern const unsigned char scsi_command_size_tbl[8]; #define COMMAND_SIZE(opcode) scsi_command_size_tbl[((opcode) >> 5) & 7] static inline unsigned scsi_command_size(const unsigned char *cmnd) { return (cmnd[0] == VARIABLE_LENGTH_CMD) ? scsi_varlen_cdb_length(cmnd) : COMMAND_SIZE(cmnd[0]); } static inline unsigned char scsi_command_control(const unsigned char *cmnd) { return (cmnd[0] == VARIABLE_LENGTH_CMD) ? cmnd[1] : cmnd[COMMAND_SIZE(cmnd[0]) - 1]; } /* Returns a human-readable name for the device */ extern const char *scsi_device_type(unsigned type); extern void int_to_scsilun(u64, struct scsi_lun *); extern u64 scsilun_to_int(struct scsi_lun *); /* * This is a slightly modified SCSI sense "descriptor" format header. * The addition is to allow the 0x70 and 0x71 response codes. The idea * is to place the salient data from either "fixed" or "descriptor" sense * format into one structure to ease application processing. * * The original sense buffer should be kept around for those cases * in which more information is required (e.g. the LBA of a MEDIUM ERROR). */ struct scsi_sense_hdr { /* See SPC-3 section 4.5 */ u8 response_code; /* permit: 0x0, 0x70, 0x71, 0x72, 0x73 */ u8 sense_key; u8 asc; u8 ascq; u8 byte4; u8 byte5; u8 byte6; u8 additional_length; /* always 0 for fixed sense format */ }; static inline bool scsi_sense_valid(const struct scsi_sense_hdr *sshdr) { if (!sshdr) return false; return (sshdr->response_code & 0x70) == 0x70; } extern bool scsi_normalize_sense(const u8 *sense_buffer, int sb_len, struct scsi_sense_hdr *sshdr); extern void scsi_build_sense_buffer(int desc, u8 *buf, u8 key, u8 asc, u8 ascq); int scsi_set_sense_information(u8 *buf, int buf_len, u64 info); int scsi_set_sense_field_pointer(u8 *buf, int buf_len, u16 fp, u8 bp, bool cd); extern const u8 * scsi_sense_desc_find(const u8 * sense_buffer, int sb_len, int desc_type); #endif /* _SCSI_COMMON_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_PARAVIRT_H #define _ASM_X86_PARAVIRT_H /* Various instructions on x86 need to be replaced for * para-virtualization: those hooks are defined here. */ #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT #include <asm/pgtable_types.h> #include <asm/asm.h> #include <asm/nospec-branch.h> #include <asm/paravirt_types.h> #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <asm/frame.h> static inline unsigned long long paravirt_sched_clock(void) { return PVOP_CALL0(unsigned long long, time.sched_clock); } struct static_key; extern struct static_key paravirt_steal_enabled; extern struct static_key paravirt_steal_rq_enabled; __visible void __native_queued_spin_unlock(struct qspinlock *lock); bool pv_is_native_spin_unlock(void); __visible bool __native_vcpu_is_preempted(long cpu); bool pv_is_native_vcpu_is_preempted(void); static inline u64 paravirt_steal_clock(int cpu) { return PVOP_CALL1(u64, time.steal_clock, cpu); } /* The paravirtualized I/O functions */ static inline void slow_down_io(void) { pv_ops.cpu.io_delay(); #ifdef REALLY_SLOW_IO pv_ops.cpu.io_delay(); pv_ops.cpu.io_delay(); pv_ops.cpu.io_delay(); #endif } void native_flush_tlb_local(void); void native_flush_tlb_global(void); void native_flush_tlb_one_user(unsigned long addr); void native_flush_tlb_others(const struct cpumask *cpumask, const struct flush_tlb_info *info); static inline void __flush_tlb_local(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(mmu.flush_tlb_user); } static inline void __flush_tlb_global(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(mmu.flush_tlb_kernel); } static inline void __flush_tlb_one_user(unsigned long addr) { PVOP_VCALL1(mmu.flush_tlb_one_user, addr); } static inline void __flush_tlb_others(const struct cpumask *cpumask, const struct flush_tlb_info *info) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.flush_tlb_others, cpumask, info); } static inline void paravirt_tlb_remove_table(struct mmu_gather *tlb, void *table) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.tlb_remove_table, tlb, table); } static inline void paravirt_arch_exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm) { PVOP_VCALL1(mmu.exit_mmap, mm); } #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL static inline void load_sp0(unsigned long sp0) { PVOP_VCALL1(cpu.load_sp0, sp0); } /* The paravirtualized CPUID instruction. */ static inline void __cpuid(unsigned int *eax, unsigned int *ebx, unsigned int *ecx, unsigned int *edx) { PVOP_VCALL4(cpu.cpuid, eax, ebx, ecx, edx); } /* * These special macros can be used to get or set a debugging register */ static inline unsigned long paravirt_get_debugreg(int reg) { return PVOP_CALL1(unsigned long, cpu.get_debugreg, reg); } #define get_debugreg(var, reg) var = paravirt_get_debugreg(reg) static inline void set_debugreg(unsigned long val, int reg) { PVOP_VCALL2(cpu.set_debugreg, reg, val); } static inline unsigned long read_cr0(void) { return PVOP_CALL0(unsigned long, cpu.read_cr0); } static inline void write_cr0(unsigned long x) { PVOP_VCALL1(cpu.write_cr0, x); } static inline unsigned long read_cr2(void) { return PVOP_CALLEE0(unsigned long, mmu.read_cr2); } static inline void write_cr2(unsigned long x) { PVOP_VCALL1(mmu.write_cr2, x); } static inline unsigned long __read_cr3(void) { return PVOP_CALL0(unsigned long, mmu.read_cr3); } static inline void write_cr3(unsigned long x) { PVOP_VCALL1(mmu.write_cr3, x); } static inline void __write_cr4(unsigned long x) { PVOP_VCALL1(cpu.write_cr4, x); } static inline void arch_safe_halt(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(irq.safe_halt); } static inline void halt(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(irq.halt); } static inline void wbinvd(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(cpu.wbinvd); } static inline u64 paravirt_read_msr(unsigned msr) { return PVOP_CALL1(u64, cpu.read_msr, msr); } static inline void paravirt_write_msr(unsigned msr, unsigned low, unsigned high) { PVOP_VCALL3(cpu.write_msr, msr, low, high); } static inline u64 paravirt_read_msr_safe(unsigned msr, int *err) { return PVOP_CALL2(u64, cpu.read_msr_safe, msr, err); } static inline int paravirt_write_msr_safe(unsigned msr, unsigned low, unsigned high) { return PVOP_CALL3(int, cpu.write_msr_safe, msr, low, high); } #define rdmsr(msr, val1, val2) \ do { \ u64 _l = paravirt_read_msr(msr); \ val1 = (u32)_l; \ val2 = _l >> 32; \ } while (0) #define wrmsr(msr, val1, val2) \ do { \ paravirt_write_msr(msr, val1, val2); \ } while (0) #define rdmsrl(msr, val) \ do { \ val = paravirt_read_msr(msr); \ } while (0) static inline void wrmsrl(unsigned msr, u64 val) { wrmsr(msr, (u32)val, (u32)(val>>32)); } #define wrmsr_safe(msr, a, b) paravirt_write_msr_safe(msr, a, b) /* rdmsr with exception handling */ #define rdmsr_safe(msr, a, b) \ ({ \ int _err; \ u64 _l = paravirt_read_msr_safe(msr, &_err); \ (*a) = (u32)_l; \ (*b) = _l >> 32; \ _err; \ }) static inline int rdmsrl_safe(unsigned msr, unsigned long long *p) { int err; *p = paravirt_read_msr_safe(msr, &err); return err; } static inline unsigned long long paravirt_read_pmc(int counter) { return PVOP_CALL1(u64, cpu.read_pmc, counter); } #define rdpmc(counter, low, high) \ do { \ u64 _l = paravirt_read_pmc(counter); \ low = (u32)_l; \ high = _l >> 32; \ } while (0) #define rdpmcl(counter, val) ((val) = paravirt_read_pmc(counter)) static inline void paravirt_alloc_ldt(struct desc_struct *ldt, unsigned entries) { PVOP_VCALL2(cpu.alloc_ldt, ldt, entries); } static inline void paravirt_free_ldt(struct desc_struct *ldt, unsigned entries) { PVOP_VCALL2(cpu.free_ldt, ldt, entries); } static inline void load_TR_desc(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(cpu.load_tr_desc); } static inline void load_gdt(const struct desc_ptr *dtr) { PVOP_VCALL1(cpu.load_gdt, dtr); } static inline void load_idt(const struct desc_ptr *dtr) { PVOP_VCALL1(cpu.load_idt, dtr); } static inline void set_ldt(const void *addr, unsigned entries) { PVOP_VCALL2(cpu.set_ldt, addr, entries); } static inline unsigned long paravirt_store_tr(void) { return PVOP_CALL0(unsigned long, cpu.store_tr); } #define store_tr(tr) ((tr) = paravirt_store_tr()) static inline void load_TLS(struct thread_struct *t, unsigned cpu) { PVOP_VCALL2(cpu.load_tls, t, cpu); } static inline void load_gs_index(unsigned int gs) { PVOP_VCALL1(cpu.load_gs_index, gs); } static inline void write_ldt_entry(struct desc_struct *dt, int entry, const void *desc) { PVOP_VCALL3(cpu.write_ldt_entry, dt, entry, desc); } static inline void write_gdt_entry(struct desc_struct *dt, int entry, void *desc, int type) { PVOP_VCALL4(cpu.write_gdt_entry, dt, entry, desc, type); } static inline void write_idt_entry(gate_desc *dt, int entry, const gate_desc *g) { PVOP_VCALL3(cpu.write_idt_entry, dt, entry, g); } #ifdef CONFIG_X86_IOPL_IOPERM static inline void tss_invalidate_io_bitmap(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(cpu.invalidate_io_bitmap); } static inline void tss_update_io_bitmap(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(cpu.update_io_bitmap); } #endif static inline void paravirt_activate_mm(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.activate_mm, prev, next); } static inline void paravirt_arch_dup_mmap(struct mm_struct *oldmm, struct mm_struct *mm) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.dup_mmap, oldmm, mm); } static inline int paravirt_pgd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm) { return PVOP_CALL1(int, mmu.pgd_alloc, mm); } static inline void paravirt_pgd_free(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.pgd_free, mm, pgd); } static inline void paravirt_alloc_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pfn) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.alloc_pte, mm, pfn); } static inline void paravirt_release_pte(unsigned long pfn) { PVOP_VCALL1(mmu.release_pte, pfn); } static inline void paravirt_alloc_pmd(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pfn) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.alloc_pmd, mm, pfn); } static inline void paravirt_release_pmd(unsigned long pfn) { PVOP_VCALL1(mmu.release_pmd, pfn); } static inline void paravirt_alloc_pud(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pfn) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.alloc_pud, mm, pfn); } static inline void paravirt_release_pud(unsigned long pfn) { PVOP_VCALL1(mmu.release_pud, pfn); } static inline void paravirt_alloc_p4d(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pfn) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.alloc_p4d, mm, pfn); } static inline void paravirt_release_p4d(unsigned long pfn) { PVOP_VCALL1(mmu.release_p4d, pfn); } static inline pte_t __pte(pteval_t val) { return (pte_t) { PVOP_CALLEE1(pteval_t, mmu.make_pte, val) }; } static inline pteval_t pte_val(pte_t pte) { return PVOP_CALLEE1(pteval_t, mmu.pte_val, pte.pte); } static inline pgd_t __pgd(pgdval_t val) { return (pgd_t) { PVOP_CALLEE1(pgdval_t, mmu.make_pgd, val) }; } static inline pgdval_t pgd_val(pgd_t pgd) { return PVOP_CALLEE1(pgdval_t, mmu.pgd_val, pgd.pgd); } #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_MODIFY_PROT_TRANSACTION static inline pte_t ptep_modify_prot_start(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep) { pteval_t ret; ret = PVOP_CALL3(pteval_t, mmu.ptep_modify_prot_start, vma, addr, ptep); return (pte_t) { .pte = ret }; } static inline void ptep_modify_prot_commit(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep, pte_t old_pte, pte_t pte) { PVOP_VCALL4(mmu.ptep_modify_prot_commit, vma, addr, ptep, pte.pte); } static inline void set_pte(pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.set_pte, ptep, pte.pte); } static inline void set_pmd(pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t pmd) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.set_pmd, pmdp, native_pmd_val(pmd)); } static inline pmd_t __pmd(pmdval_t val) { return (pmd_t) { PVOP_CALLEE1(pmdval_t, mmu.make_pmd, val) }; } static inline pmdval_t pmd_val(pmd_t pmd) { return PVOP_CALLEE1(pmdval_t, mmu.pmd_val, pmd.pmd); } static inline void set_pud(pud_t *pudp, pud_t pud) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.set_pud, pudp, native_pud_val(pud)); } static inline pud_t __pud(pudval_t val) { pudval_t ret; ret = PVOP_CALLEE1(pudval_t, mmu.make_pud, val); return (pud_t) { ret }; } static inline pudval_t pud_val(pud_t pud) { return PVOP_CALLEE1(pudval_t, mmu.pud_val, pud.pud); } static inline void pud_clear(pud_t *pudp) { set_pud(pudp, native_make_pud(0)); } static inline void set_p4d(p4d_t *p4dp, p4d_t p4d) { p4dval_t val = native_p4d_val(p4d); PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.set_p4d, p4dp, val); } #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS >= 5 static inline p4d_t __p4d(p4dval_t val) { p4dval_t ret = PVOP_CALLEE1(p4dval_t, mmu.make_p4d, val); return (p4d_t) { ret }; } static inline p4dval_t p4d_val(p4d_t p4d) { return PVOP_CALLEE1(p4dval_t, mmu.p4d_val, p4d.p4d); } static inline void __set_pgd(pgd_t *pgdp, pgd_t pgd) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.set_pgd, pgdp, native_pgd_val(pgd)); } #define set_pgd(pgdp, pgdval) do { \ if (pgtable_l5_enabled()) \ __set_pgd(pgdp, pgdval); \ else \ set_p4d((p4d_t *)(pgdp), (p4d_t) { (pgdval).pgd }); \ } while (0) #define pgd_clear(pgdp) do { \ if (pgtable_l5_enabled()) \ set_pgd(pgdp, native_make_pgd(0)); \ } while (0) #endif /* CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS == 5 */ static inline void p4d_clear(p4d_t *p4dp) { set_p4d(p4dp, native_make_p4d(0)); } static inline void set_pte_atomic(pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte) { set_pte(ptep, pte); } static inline void pte_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep) { set_pte(ptep, native_make_pte(0)); } static inline void pmd_clear(pmd_t *pmdp) { set_pmd(pmdp, native_make_pmd(0)); } #define __HAVE_ARCH_START_CONTEXT_SWITCH static inline void arch_start_context_switch(struct task_struct *prev) { PVOP_VCALL1(cpu.start_context_switch, prev); } static inline void arch_end_context_switch(struct task_struct *next) { PVOP_VCALL1(cpu.end_context_switch, next); } #define __HAVE_ARCH_ENTER_LAZY_MMU_MODE static inline void arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(mmu.lazy_mode.enter); } static inline void arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(mmu.lazy_mode.leave); } static inline void arch_flush_lazy_mmu_mode(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(mmu.lazy_mode.flush); } static inline void __set_fixmap(unsigned /* enum fixed_addresses */ idx, phys_addr_t phys, pgprot_t flags) { pv_ops.mmu.set_fixmap(idx, phys, flags); } #endif #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) && defined(CONFIG_PARAVIRT_SPINLOCKS) static __always_inline void pv_queued_spin_lock_slowpath(struct qspinlock *lock, u32 val) { PVOP_VCALL2(lock.queued_spin_lock_slowpath, lock, val); } static __always_inline void pv_queued_spin_unlock(struct qspinlock *lock) { PVOP_VCALLEE1(lock.queued_spin_unlock, lock); } static __always_inline void pv_wait(u8 *ptr, u8 val) { PVOP_VCALL2(lock.wait, ptr, val); } static __always_inline void pv_kick(int cpu) { PVOP_VCALL1(lock.kick, cpu); } static __always_inline bool pv_vcpu_is_preempted(long cpu) { return PVOP_CALLEE1(bool, lock.vcpu_is_preempted, cpu); } void __raw_callee_save___native_queued_spin_unlock(struct qspinlock *lock); bool __raw_callee_save___native_vcpu_is_preempted(long cpu); #endif /* SMP && PARAVIRT_SPINLOCKS */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 /* save and restore all caller-save registers, except return value */ #define PV_SAVE_ALL_CALLER_REGS "pushl %ecx;" #define PV_RESTORE_ALL_CALLER_REGS "popl %ecx;" #else /* save and restore all caller-save registers, except return value */ #define PV_SAVE_ALL_CALLER_REGS \ "push %rcx;" \ "push %rdx;" \ "push %rsi;" \ "push %rdi;" \ "push %r8;" \ "push %r9;" \ "push %r10;" \ "push %r11;" #define PV_RESTORE_ALL_CALLER_REGS \ "pop %r11;" \ "pop %r10;" \ "pop %r9;" \ "pop %r8;" \ "pop %rdi;" \ "pop %rsi;" \ "pop %rdx;" \ "pop %rcx;" #endif /* * Generate a thunk around a function which saves all caller-save * registers except for the return value. This allows C functions to * be called from assembler code where fewer than normal registers are * available. It may also help code generation around calls from C * code if the common case doesn't use many registers. * * When a callee is wrapped in a thunk, the caller can assume that all * arg regs and all scratch registers are preserved across the * call. The return value in rax/eax will not be saved, even for void * functions. */ #define PV_THUNK_NAME(func) "__raw_callee_save_" #func #define PV_CALLEE_SAVE_REGS_THUNK(func) \ extern typeof(func) __raw_callee_save_##func; \ \ asm(".pushsection .text;" \ ".globl " PV_THUNK_NAME(func) ";" \ ".type " PV_THUNK_NAME(func) ", @function;" \ PV_THUNK_NAME(func) ":" \ FRAME_BEGIN \ PV_SAVE_ALL_CALLER_REGS \ "call " #func ";" \ PV_RESTORE_ALL_CALLER_REGS \ FRAME_END \ "ret;" \ ".size " PV_THUNK_NAME(func) ", .-" PV_THUNK_NAME(func) ";" \ ".popsection") /* Get a reference to a callee-save function */ #define PV_CALLEE_SAVE(func) \ ((struct paravirt_callee_save) { __raw_callee_save_##func }) /* Promise that "func" already uses the right calling convention */ #define __PV_IS_CALLEE_SAVE(func) \ ((struct paravirt_callee_save) { func }) #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL static inline notrace unsigned long arch_local_save_flags(void) { return PVOP_CALLEE0(unsigned long, irq.save_fl); } static inline notrace void arch_local_irq_restore(unsigned long f) { PVOP_VCALLEE1(irq.restore_fl, f); } static inline notrace void arch_local_irq_disable(void) { PVOP_VCALLEE0(irq.irq_disable); } static inline notrace void arch_local_irq_enable(void) { PVOP_VCALLEE0(irq.irq_enable); } static inline notrace unsigned long arch_local_irq_save(void) { unsigned long f; f = arch_local_save_flags(); arch_local_irq_disable(); return f; } #endif /* Make sure as little as possible of this mess escapes. */ #undef PARAVIRT_CALL #undef __PVOP_CALL #undef __PVOP_VCALL #undef PVOP_VCALL0 #undef PVOP_CALL0 #undef PVOP_VCALL1 #undef PVOP_CALL1 #undef PVOP_VCALL2 #undef PVOP_CALL2 #undef PVOP_VCALL3 #undef PVOP_CALL3 #undef PVOP_VCALL4 #undef PVOP_CALL4 extern void default_banner(void); #else /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #define _PVSITE(ptype, ops, word, algn) \ 771:; \ ops; \ 772:; \ .pushsection .parainstructions,"a"; \ .align algn; \ word 771b; \ .byte ptype; \ .byte 772b-771b; \ .popsection #define COND_PUSH(set, mask, reg) \ .if ((~(set)) & mask); push %reg; .endif #define COND_POP(set, mask, reg) \ .if ((~(set)) & mask); pop %reg; .endif #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 #define PV_SAVE_REGS(set) \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_RAX, rax); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_RCX, rcx); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_RDX, rdx); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_RSI, rsi); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_RDI, rdi); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_R8, r8); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_R9, r9); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_R10, r10); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_R11, r11) #define PV_RESTORE_REGS(set) \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_R11, r11); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_R10, r10); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_R9, r9); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_R8, r8); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_RDI, rdi); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_RSI, rsi); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_RDX, rdx); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_RCX, rcx); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_RAX, rax) #define PARA_PATCH(off) ((off) / 8) #define PARA_SITE(ptype, ops) _PVSITE(ptype, ops, .quad, 8) #define PARA_INDIRECT(addr) *addr(%rip) #else #define PV_SAVE_REGS(set) \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_EAX, eax); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_EDI, edi); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_ECX, ecx); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_EDX, edx) #define PV_RESTORE_REGS(set) \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_EDX, edx); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_ECX, ecx); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_EDI, edi); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_EAX, eax) #define PARA_PATCH(off) ((off) / 4) #define PARA_SITE(ptype, ops) _PVSITE(ptype, ops, .long, 4) #define PARA_INDIRECT(addr) *%cs:addr #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL #define INTERRUPT_RETURN \ PARA_SITE(PARA_PATCH(PV_CPU_iret), \ ANNOTATE_RETPOLINE_SAFE; \ jmp PARA_INDIRECT(pv_ops+PV_CPU_iret);) #define DISABLE_INTERRUPTS(clobbers) \ PARA_SITE(PARA_PATCH(PV_IRQ_irq_disable), \ PV_SAVE_REGS(clobbers | CLBR_CALLEE_SAVE); \ ANNOTATE_RETPOLINE_SAFE; \ call PARA_INDIRECT(pv_ops+PV_IRQ_irq_disable); \ PV_RESTORE_REGS(clobbers | CLBR_CALLEE_SAVE);) #define ENABLE_INTERRUPTS(clobbers) \ PARA_SITE(PARA_PATCH(PV_IRQ_irq_enable), \ PV_SAVE_REGS(clobbers | CLBR_CALLEE_SAVE); \ ANNOTATE_RETPOLINE_SAFE; \ call PARA_INDIRECT(pv_ops+PV_IRQ_irq_enable); \ PV_RESTORE_REGS(clobbers | CLBR_CALLEE_SAVE);) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL #define USERGS_SYSRET64 \ PARA_SITE(PARA_PATCH(PV_CPU_usergs_sysret64), \ ANNOTATE_RETPOLINE_SAFE; \ jmp PARA_INDIRECT(pv_ops+PV_CPU_usergs_sysret64);) #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_ENTRY #define SAVE_FLAGS(clobbers) \ PARA_SITE(PARA_PATCH(PV_IRQ_save_fl), \ PV_SAVE_REGS(clobbers | CLBR_CALLEE_SAVE); \ ANNOTATE_RETPOLINE_SAFE; \ call PARA_INDIRECT(pv_ops+PV_IRQ_save_fl); \ PV_RESTORE_REGS(clobbers | CLBR_CALLEE_SAVE);) #endif #endif /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL */ #endif /* CONFIG_X86_64 */ #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL #define GET_CR2_INTO_AX \ PARA_SITE(PARA_PATCH(PV_MMU_read_cr2), \ ANNOTATE_RETPOLINE_SAFE; \ call PARA_INDIRECT(pv_ops+PV_MMU_read_cr2); \ ) #endif /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL */ #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #else /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT */ # define default_banner x86_init_noop #endif /* !CONFIG_PARAVIRT */ #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #ifndef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL static inline void paravirt_arch_dup_mmap(struct mm_struct *oldmm, struct mm_struct *mm) { } #endif #ifndef CONFIG_PARAVIRT static inline void paravirt_arch_exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm) { } #endif #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_PARAVIRT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * PTP 1588 clock support - private declarations for the core module. * * Copyright (C) 2010 OMICRON electronics GmbH */ #ifndef _PTP_PRIVATE_H_ #define _PTP_PRIVATE_H_ #include <linux/cdev.h> #include <linux/device.h> #include <linux/kthread.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/posix-clock.h> #include <linux/ptp_clock.h> #include <linux/ptp_clock_kernel.h> #include <linux/time.h> #define PTP_MAX_TIMESTAMPS 128 #define PTP_BUF_TIMESTAMPS 30 struct timestamp_event_queue { struct ptp_extts_event buf[PTP_MAX_TIMESTAMPS]; int head; int tail; spinlock_t lock; }; struct ptp_clock { struct posix_clock clock; struct device dev; struct ptp_clock_info *info; dev_t devid; int index; /* index into clocks.map */ struct pps_device *pps_source; long dialed_frequency; /* remembers the frequency adjustment */ struct timestamp_event_queue tsevq; /* simple fifo for time stamps */ struct mutex tsevq_mux; /* one process at a time reading the fifo */ struct mutex pincfg_mux; /* protect concurrent info->pin_config access */ wait_queue_head_t tsev_wq; int defunct; /* tells readers to go away when clock is being removed */ struct device_attribute *pin_dev_attr; struct attribute **pin_attr; struct attribute_group pin_attr_group; /* 1st entry is a pointer to the real group, 2nd is NULL terminator */ const struct attribute_group *pin_attr_groups[2]; struct kthread_worker *kworker; struct kthread_delayed_work aux_work; }; /* * The function queue_cnt() is safe for readers to call without * holding q->lock. Readers use this function to verify that the queue * is nonempty before proceeding with a dequeue operation. The fact * that a writer might concurrently increment the tail does not * matter, since the queue remains nonempty nonetheless. */ static inline int queue_cnt(struct timestamp_event_queue *q) { int cnt = q->tail - q->head; return cnt < 0 ? PTP_MAX_TIMESTAMPS + cnt : cnt; } /* * see ptp_chardev.c */ /* caller must hold pincfg_mux */ int ptp_set_pinfunc(struct ptp_clock *ptp, unsigned int pin, enum ptp_pin_function func, unsigned int chan); long ptp_ioctl(struct posix_clock *pc, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); int ptp_open(struct posix_clock *pc, fmode_t fmode); ssize_t ptp_read(struct posix_clock *pc, uint flags, char __user *buf, size_t cnt); __poll_t ptp_poll(struct posix_clock *pc, struct file *fp, poll_table *wait); /* * see ptp_sysfs.c */ extern const struct attribute_group *ptp_groups[]; int ptp_populate_pin_groups(struct ptp_clock *ptp); void ptp_cleanup_pin_groups(struct ptp_clock *ptp); #endif
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * Generic pidhash and scalable, time-bounded PID allocator * * (C) 2002-2003 Nadia Yvette Chambers, IBM * (C) 2004 Nadia Yvette Chambers, Oracle * (C) 2002-2004 Ingo Molnar, Red Hat * * pid-structures are backing objects for tasks sharing a given ID to chain * against. There is very little to them aside from hashing them and * parking tasks using given ID's on a list. * * The hash is always changed with the tasklist_lock write-acquired, * and the hash is only accessed with the tasklist_lock at least * read-acquired, so there's no additional SMP locking needed here. * * We have a list of bitmap pages, which bitmaps represent the PID space. * Allocating and freeing PIDs is completely lockless. The worst-case * allocation scenario when all but one out of 1 million PIDs possible are * allocated already: the scanning of 32 list entries and at most PAGE_SIZE * bytes. The typical fastpath is a single successful setbit. Freeing is O(1). * * Pid namespaces: * (C) 2007 Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@openvz.org>, OpenVZ, SWsoft Inc. * (C) 2007 Sukadev Bhattiprolu <sukadev@us.ibm.com>, IBM * Many thanks to Oleg Nesterov for comments and help * */ #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/rculist.h> #include <linux/memblock.h> #include <linux/pid_namespace.h> #include <linux/init_task.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/proc_ns.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/anon_inodes.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/idr.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <uapi/linux/pidfd.h> struct pid init_struct_pid = { .count = REFCOUNT_INIT(1), .tasks = { { .first = NULL }, { .first = NULL }, { .first = NULL }, }, .level = 0, .numbers = { { .nr = 0, .ns = &init_pid_ns, }, } }; int pid_max = PID_MAX_DEFAULT; #define RESERVED_PIDS 300 int pid_max_min = RESERVED_PIDS + 1; int pid_max_max = PID_MAX_LIMIT; /* * PID-map pages start out as NULL, they get allocated upon * first use and are never deallocated. This way a low pid_max * value does not cause lots of bitmaps to be allocated, but * the scheme scales to up to 4 million PIDs, runtime. */ struct pid_namespace init_pid_ns = { .kref = KREF_INIT(2), .idr = IDR_INIT(init_pid_ns.idr), .pid_allocated = PIDNS_ADDING, .level = 0, .child_reaper = &init_task, .user_ns = &init_user_ns, .ns.inum = PROC_PID_INIT_INO, #ifdef CONFIG_PID_NS .ns.ops = &pidns_operations, #endif }; EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(init_pid_ns); /* * Note: disable interrupts while the pidmap_lock is held as an * interrupt might come in and do read_lock(&tasklist_lock). * * If we don't disable interrupts there is a nasty deadlock between * detach_pid()->free_pid() and another cpu that does * spin_lock(&pidmap_lock) followed by an interrupt routine that does * read_lock(&tasklist_lock); * * After we clean up the tasklist_lock and know there are no * irq handlers that take it we can leave the interrupts enabled. * For now it is easier to be safe than to prove it can't happen. */ static __cacheline_aligned_in_smp DEFINE_SPINLOCK(pidmap_lock); void put_pid(struct pid *pid) { struct pid_namespace *ns; if (!pid) return; ns = pid->numbers[pid->level].ns; if (refcount_dec_and_test(&pid->count)) { kmem_cache_free(ns->pid_cachep, pid); put_pid_ns(ns); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(put_pid); static void delayed_put_pid(struct rcu_head *rhp) { struct pid *pid = container_of(rhp, struct pid, rcu); put_pid(pid); } void free_pid(struct pid *pid) { /* We can be called with write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock) held */ int i; unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&pidmap_lock, flags); for (i = 0; i <= pid->level; i++) { struct upid *upid = pid->numbers + i; struct pid_namespace *ns = upid->ns; switch (--ns->pid_allocated) { case 2: case 1: /* When all that is left in the pid namespace * is the reaper wake up the reaper. The reaper * may be sleeping in zap_pid_ns_processes(). */ wake_up_process(ns->child_reaper); break; case PIDNS_ADDING: /* Handle a fork failure of the first process */ WARN_ON(ns->child_reaper); ns->pid_allocated = 0; break; } idr_remove(&ns->idr, upid->nr); } spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pidmap_lock, flags); call_rcu(&pid->rcu, delayed_put_pid); } struct pid *alloc_pid(struct pid_namespace *ns, pid_t *set_tid, size_t set_tid_size) { struct pid *pid; enum pid_type type; int i, nr; struct pid_namespace *tmp; struct upid *upid; int retval = -ENOMEM; /* * set_tid_size contains the size of the set_tid array. Starting at * the most nested currently active PID namespace it tells alloc_pid() * which PID to set for a process in that most nested PID namespace * up to set_tid_size PID namespaces. It does not have to set the PID * for a process in all nested PID namespaces but set_tid_size must * never be greater than the current ns->level + 1. */ if (set_tid_size > ns->level + 1) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); pid = kmem_cache_alloc(ns->pid_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (!pid) return ERR_PTR(retval); tmp = ns; pid->level = ns->level; for (i = ns->level; i >= 0; i--) { int tid = 0; if (set_tid_size) { tid = set_tid[ns->level - i]; retval = -EINVAL; if (tid < 1 || tid >= pid_max) goto out_free; /* * Also fail if a PID != 1 is requested and * no PID 1 exists. */ if (tid != 1 && !tmp->child_reaper) goto out_free; retval = -EPERM; if (!checkpoint_restore_ns_capable(tmp->user_ns)) goto out_free; set_tid_size--; } idr_preload(GFP_KERNEL); spin_lock_irq(&pidmap_lock); if (tid) { nr = idr_alloc(&tmp->idr, NULL, tid, tid + 1, GFP_ATOMIC); /* * If ENOSPC is returned it means that the PID is * alreay in use. Return EEXIST in that case. */ if (nr == -ENOSPC) nr = -EEXIST; } else { int pid_min = 1; /* * init really needs pid 1, but after reaching the * maximum wrap back to RESERVED_PIDS */ if (idr_get_cursor(&tmp->idr) > RESERVED_PIDS) pid_min = RESERVED_PIDS; /* * Store a null pointer so find_pid_ns does not find * a partially initialized PID (see below). */ nr = idr_alloc_cyclic(&tmp->idr, NULL, pid_min, pid_max, GFP_ATOMIC); } spin_unlock_irq(&pidmap_lock); idr_preload_end(); if (nr < 0) { retval = (nr == -ENOSPC) ? -EAGAIN : nr; goto out_free; } pid->numbers[i].nr = nr; pid->numbers[i].ns = tmp; tmp = tmp->parent; } /* * ENOMEM is not the most obvious choice especially for the case * where the child subreaper has already exited and the pid * namespace denies the creation of any new processes. But ENOMEM * is what we have exposed to userspace for a long time and it is * documented behavior for pid namespaces. So we can't easily * change it even if there were an error code better suited. */ retval = -ENOMEM; get_pid_ns(ns); refcount_set(&pid->count, 1); spin_lock_init(&pid->lock); for (type = 0; type < PIDTYPE_MAX; ++type) INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&pid->tasks[type]); init_waitqueue_head(&pid->wait_pidfd); INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&pid->inodes); upid = pid->numbers + ns->level; spin_lock_irq(&pidmap_lock); if (!(ns->pid_allocated & PIDNS_ADDING)) goto out_unlock; for ( ; upid >= pid->numbers; --upid) { /* Make the PID visible to find_pid_ns. */ idr_replace(&upid->ns->idr, pid, upid->nr); upid->ns->pid_allocated++; } spin_unlock_irq(&pidmap_lock); return pid; out_unlock: spin_unlock_irq(&pidmap_lock); put_pid_ns(ns); out_free: spin_lock_irq(&pidmap_lock); while (++i <= ns->level) { upid = pid->numbers + i; idr_remove(&upid->ns->idr, upid->nr); } /* On failure to allocate the first pid, reset the state */ if (ns->pid_allocated == PIDNS_ADDING) idr_set_cursor(&ns->idr, 0); spin_unlock_irq(&pidmap_lock); kmem_cache_free(ns->pid_cachep, pid); return ERR_PTR(retval); } void disable_pid_allocation(struct pid_namespace *ns) { spin_lock_irq(&pidmap_lock); ns->pid_allocated &= ~PIDNS_ADDING; spin_unlock_irq(&pidmap_lock); } struct pid *find_pid_ns(int nr, struct pid_namespace *ns) { return idr_find(&ns->idr, nr); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(find_pid_ns); struct pid *find_vpid(int nr) { return find_pid_ns(nr, task_active_pid_ns(current)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(find_vpid); static struct pid **task_pid_ptr(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type type) { return (type == PIDTYPE_PID) ? &task->thread_pid : &task->signal->pids[type]; } /* * attach_pid() must be called with the tasklist_lock write-held. */ void attach_pid(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type type) { struct pid *pid = *task_pid_ptr(task, type); hlist_add_head_rcu(&task->pid_links[type], &pid->tasks[type]); } static void __change_pid(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type type, struct pid *new) { struct pid **pid_ptr = task_pid_ptr(task, type); struct pid *pid; int tmp; pid = *pid_ptr; hlist_del_rcu(&task->pid_links[type]); *pid_ptr = new; for (tmp = PIDTYPE_MAX; --tmp >= 0; ) if (pid_has_task(pid, tmp)) return; free_pid(pid); } void detach_pid(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type type) { __change_pid(task, type, NULL); } void change_pid(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type type, struct pid *pid) { __change_pid(task, type, pid); attach_pid(task, type); } void exchange_tids(struct task_struct *left, struct task_struct *right) { struct pid *pid1 = left->thread_pid; struct pid *pid2 = right->thread_pid; struct hlist_head *head1 = &pid1->tasks[PIDTYPE_PID]; struct hlist_head *head2 = &pid2->tasks[PIDTYPE_PID]; /* Swap the single entry tid lists */ hlists_swap_heads_rcu(head1, head2); /* Swap the per task_struct pid */ rcu_assign_pointer(left->thread_pid, pid2); rcu_assign_pointer(right->thread_pid, pid1); /* Swap the cached value */ WRITE_ONCE(left->pid, pid_nr(pid2)); WRITE_ONCE(right->pid, pid_nr(pid1)); } /* transfer_pid is an optimization of attach_pid(new), detach_pid(old) */ void transfer_pid(struct task_struct *old, struct task_struct *new, enum pid_type type) { if (type == PIDTYPE_PID) new->thread_pid = old->thread_pid; hlist_replace_rcu(&old->pid_links[type], &new->pid_links[type]); } struct task_struct *pid_task(struct pid *pid, enum pid_type type) { struct task_struct *result = NULL; if (pid) { struct hlist_node *first; first = rcu_dereference_check(hlist_first_rcu(&pid->tasks[type]), lockdep_tasklist_lock_is_held()); if (first) result = hlist_entry(first, struct task_struct, pid_links[(type)]); } return result; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(pid_task); /* * Must be called under rcu_read_lock(). */ struct task_struct *find_task_by_pid_ns(pid_t nr, struct pid_namespace *ns) { RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_read_lock_held(), "find_task_by_pid_ns() needs rcu_read_lock() protection"); return pid_task(find_pid_ns(nr, ns), PIDTYPE_PID); } struct task_struct *find_task_by_vpid(pid_t vnr) { return find_task_by_pid_ns(vnr, task_active_pid_ns(current)); } struct task_struct *find_get_task_by_vpid(pid_t nr) { struct task_struct *task; rcu_read_lock(); task = find_task_by_vpid(nr); if (task) get_task_struct(task); rcu_read_unlock(); return task; } struct pid *get_task_pid(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type type) { struct pid *pid; rcu_read_lock(); pid = get_pid(rcu_dereference(*task_pid_ptr(task, type))); rcu_read_unlock(); return pid; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_task_pid); struct task_struct *get_pid_task(struct pid *pid, enum pid_type type) { struct task_struct *result; rcu_read_lock(); result = pid_task(pid, type); if (result) get_task_struct(result); rcu_read_unlock(); return result; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_pid_task); struct pid *find_get_pid(pid_t nr) { struct pid *pid; rcu_read_lock(); pid = get_pid(find_vpid(nr)); rcu_read_unlock(); return pid; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(find_get_pid); pid_t pid_nr_ns(struct pid *pid, struct pid_namespace *ns) { struct upid *upid; pid_t nr = 0; if (pid && ns->level <= pid->level) { upid = &pid->numbers[ns->level]; if (upid->ns == ns) nr = upid->nr; } return nr; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pid_nr_ns); pid_t pid_vnr(struct pid *pid) { return pid_nr_ns(pid, task_active_pid_ns(current)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pid_vnr); pid_t __task_pid_nr_ns(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type type, struct pid_namespace *ns) { pid_t nr = 0; rcu_read_lock(); if (!ns) ns = task_active_pid_ns(current); nr = pid_nr_ns(rcu_dereference(*task_pid_ptr(task, type)), ns); rcu_read_unlock(); return nr; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__task_pid_nr_ns); struct pid_namespace *task_active_pid_ns(struct task_struct *tsk) { return ns_of_pid(task_pid(tsk)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(task_active_pid_ns); /* * Used by proc to find the first pid that is greater than or equal to nr. * * If there is a pid at nr this function is exactly the same as find_pid_ns. */ struct pid *find_ge_pid(int nr, struct pid_namespace *ns) { return idr_get_next(&ns->idr, &nr); } struct pid *pidfd_get_pid(unsigned int fd, unsigned int *flags) { struct fd f; struct pid *pid; f = fdget(fd); if (!f.file) return ERR_PTR(-EBADF); pid = pidfd_pid(f.file); if (!IS_ERR(pid)) { get_pid(pid); *flags = f.file->f_flags; } fdput(f); return pid; } /** * pidfd_create() - Create a new pid file descriptor. * * @pid: struct pid that the pidfd will reference * @flags: flags to pass * * This creates a new pid file descriptor with the O_CLOEXEC flag set. * * Note, that this function can only be called after the fd table has * been unshared to avoid leaking the pidfd to the new process. * * Return: On success, a cloexec pidfd is returned. * On error, a negative errno number will be returned. */ static int pidfd_create(struct pid *pid, unsigned int flags) { int fd; fd = anon_inode_getfd("[pidfd]", &pidfd_fops, get_pid(pid), flags | O_RDWR | O_CLOEXEC); if (fd < 0) put_pid(pid); return fd; } /** * pidfd_open() - Open new pid file descriptor. * * @pid: pid for which to retrieve a pidfd * @flags: flags to pass * * This creates a new pid file descriptor with the O_CLOEXEC flag set for * the process identified by @pid. Currently, the process identified by * @pid must be a thread-group leader. This restriction currently exists * for all aspects of pidfds including pidfd creation (CLONE_PIDFD cannot * be used with CLONE_THREAD) and pidfd polling (only supports thread group * leaders). * * Return: On success, a cloexec pidfd is returned. * On error, a negative errno number will be returned. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE2(pidfd_open, pid_t, pid, unsigned int, flags) { int fd; struct pid *p; if (flags & ~PIDFD_NONBLOCK) return -EINVAL; if (pid <= 0) return -EINVAL; p = find_get_pid(pid); if (!p) return -ESRCH; if (pid_has_task(p, PIDTYPE_TGID)) fd = pidfd_create(p, flags); else fd = -EINVAL; put_pid(p); return fd; } void __init pid_idr_init(void) { /* Verify no one has done anything silly: */ BUILD_BUG_ON(PID_MAX_LIMIT >= PIDNS_ADDING); /* bump default and minimum pid_max based on number of cpus */ pid_max = min(pid_max_max, max_t(int, pid_max, PIDS_PER_CPU_DEFAULT * num_possible_cpus())); pid_max_min = max_t(int, pid_max_min, PIDS_PER_CPU_MIN * num_possible_cpus()); pr_info("pid_max: default: %u minimum: %u\n", pid_max, pid_max_min); idr_init(&init_pid_ns.idr); init_pid_ns.pid_cachep = KMEM_CACHE(pid, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN | SLAB_PANIC | SLAB_ACCOUNT); } static struct file *__pidfd_fget(struct task_struct *task, int fd) { struct file *file; int ret; ret = down_read_killable(&task->signal->exec_update_lock); if (ret) return ERR_PTR(ret); if (ptrace_may_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_ATTACH_REALCREDS)) file = fget_task(task, fd); else file = ERR_PTR(-EPERM); up_read(&task->signal->exec_update_lock); return file ?: ERR_PTR(-EBADF); } static int pidfd_getfd(struct pid *pid, int fd) { struct task_struct *task; struct file *file; int ret; task = get_pid_task(pid, PIDTYPE_PID); if (!task) return -ESRCH; file = __pidfd_fget(task, fd); put_task_struct(task); if (IS_ERR(file)) return PTR_ERR(file); ret = receive_fd(file, O_CLOEXEC); fput(file); return ret; } /** * sys_pidfd_getfd() - Get a file descriptor from another process * * @pidfd: the pidfd file descriptor of the process * @fd: the file descriptor number to get * @flags: flags on how to get the fd (reserved) * * This syscall gets a copy of a file descriptor from another process * based on the pidfd, and file descriptor number. It requires that * the calling process has the ability to ptrace the process represented * by the pidfd. The process which is having its file descriptor copied * is otherwise unaffected. * * Return: On success, a cloexec file descriptor is returned. * On error, a negative errno number will be returned. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE3(pidfd_getfd, int, pidfd, int, fd, unsigned int, flags) { struct pid *pid; struct fd f; int ret; /* flags is currently unused - make sure it's unset */ if (flags) return -EINVAL; f = fdget(pidfd); if (!f.file) return -EBADF; pid = pidfd_pid(f.file); if (IS_ERR(pid)) ret = PTR_ERR(pid); else ret = pidfd_getfd(pid, fd); fdput(f); return ret; }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _NET_DST_OPS_H #define _NET_DST_OPS_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/percpu_counter.h> #include <linux/cache.h> struct dst_entry; struct kmem_cachep; struct net_device; struct sk_buff; struct sock; struct net; struct dst_ops { unsigned short family; unsigned int gc_thresh; int (*gc)(struct dst_ops *ops); struct dst_entry * (*check)(struct dst_entry *, __u32 cookie); unsigned int (*default_advmss)(const struct dst_entry *); unsigned int (*mtu)(const struct dst_entry *); u32 * (*cow_metrics)(struct dst_entry *, unsigned long); void (*destroy)(struct dst_entry *); void (*ifdown)(struct dst_entry *, struct net_device *dev, int how); struct dst_entry * (*negative_advice)(struct dst_entry *); void (*link_failure)(struct sk_buff *); void (*update_pmtu)(struct dst_entry *dst, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 mtu, bool confirm_neigh); void (*redirect)(struct dst_entry *dst, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int (*local_out)(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); struct neighbour * (*neigh_lookup)(const struct dst_entry *dst, struct sk_buff *skb, const void *daddr); void (*confirm_neigh)(const struct dst_entry *dst, const void *daddr); struct kmem_cache *kmem_cachep; struct percpu_counter pcpuc_entries ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; }; static inline int dst_entries_get_fast(struct dst_ops *dst) { return percpu_counter_read_positive(&dst->pcpuc_entries); } static inline int dst_entries_get_slow(struct dst_ops *dst) { return percpu_counter_sum_positive(&dst->pcpuc_entries); } #define DST_PERCPU_COUNTER_BATCH 32 static inline void dst_entries_add(struct dst_ops *dst, int val) { percpu_counter_add_batch(&dst->pcpuc_entries, val, DST_PERCPU_COUNTER_BATCH); } static inline int dst_entries_init(struct dst_ops *dst) { return percpu_counter_init(&dst->pcpuc_entries, 0, GFP_KERNEL); } static inline void dst_entries_destroy(struct dst_ops *dst) { percpu_counter_destroy(&dst->pcpuc_entries); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_PTRACE_H #define _LINUX_PTRACE_H #include <linux/compiler.h> /* For unlikely. */ #include <linux/sched.h> /* For struct task_struct. */ #include <linux/sched/signal.h> /* For send_sig(), same_thread_group(), etc. */ #include <linux/err.h> /* for IS_ERR_VALUE */ #include <linux/bug.h> /* For BUG_ON. */ #include <linux/pid_namespace.h> /* For task_active_pid_ns. */ #include <uapi/linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/seccomp.h> /* Add sp to seccomp_data, as seccomp is user API, we don't want to modify it */ struct syscall_info { __u64 sp; struct seccomp_data data; }; extern int ptrace_access_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags); /* * Ptrace flags * * The owner ship rules for task->ptrace which holds the ptrace * flags is simple. When a task is running it owns it's task->ptrace * flags. When the a task is stopped the ptracer owns task->ptrace. */ #define PT_SEIZED 0x00010000 /* SEIZE used, enable new behavior */ #define PT_PTRACED 0x00000001 #define PT_DTRACE 0x00000002 /* delayed trace (used on m68k, i386) */ #define PT_OPT_FLAG_SHIFT 3 /* PT_TRACE_* event enable flags */ #define PT_EVENT_FLAG(event) (1 << (PT_OPT_FLAG_SHIFT + (event))) #define PT_TRACESYSGOOD PT_EVENT_FLAG(0) #define PT_TRACE_FORK PT_EVENT_FLAG(PTRACE_EVENT_FORK) #define PT_TRACE_VFORK PT_EVENT_FLAG(PTRACE_EVENT_VFORK) #define PT_TRACE_CLONE PT_EVENT_FLAG(PTRACE_EVENT_CLONE) #define PT_TRACE_EXEC PT_EVENT_FLAG(PTRACE_EVENT_EXEC) #define PT_TRACE_VFORK_DONE PT_EVENT_FLAG(PTRACE_EVENT_VFORK_DONE) #define PT_TRACE_EXIT PT_EVENT_FLAG(PTRACE_EVENT_EXIT) #define PT_TRACE_SECCOMP PT_EVENT_FLAG(PTRACE_EVENT_SECCOMP) #define PT_EXITKILL (PTRACE_O_EXITKILL << PT_OPT_FLAG_SHIFT) #define PT_SUSPEND_SECCOMP (PTRACE_O_SUSPEND_SECCOMP << PT_OPT_FLAG_SHIFT) /* single stepping state bits (used on ARM and PA-RISC) */ #define PT_SINGLESTEP_BIT 31 #define PT_SINGLESTEP (1<<PT_SINGLESTEP_BIT) #define PT_BLOCKSTEP_BIT 30 #define PT_BLOCKSTEP (1<<PT_BLOCKSTEP_BIT) extern long arch_ptrace(struct task_struct *child, long request, unsigned long addr, unsigned long data); extern int ptrace_readdata(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long src, char __user *dst, int len); extern int ptrace_writedata(struct task_struct *tsk, char __user *src, unsigned long dst, int len); extern void ptrace_disable(struct task_struct *); extern int ptrace_request(struct task_struct *child, long request, unsigned long addr, unsigned long data); extern void ptrace_notify(int exit_code); extern void __ptrace_link(struct task_struct *child, struct task_struct *new_parent, const struct cred *ptracer_cred); extern void __ptrace_unlink(struct task_struct *child); extern void exit_ptrace(struct task_struct *tracer, struct list_head *dead); #define PTRACE_MODE_READ 0x01 #define PTRACE_MODE_ATTACH 0x02 #define PTRACE_MODE_NOAUDIT 0x04 #define PTRACE_MODE_FSCREDS 0x08 #define PTRACE_MODE_REALCREDS 0x10 /* shorthands for READ/ATTACH and FSCREDS/REALCREDS combinations */ #define PTRACE_MODE_READ_FSCREDS (PTRACE_MODE_READ | PTRACE_MODE_FSCREDS) #define PTRACE_MODE_READ_REALCREDS (PTRACE_MODE_READ | PTRACE_MODE_REALCREDS) #define PTRACE_MODE_ATTACH_FSCREDS (PTRACE_MODE_ATTACH | PTRACE_MODE_FSCREDS) #define PTRACE_MODE_ATTACH_REALCREDS (PTRACE_MODE_ATTACH | PTRACE_MODE_REALCREDS) /** * ptrace_may_access - check whether the caller is permitted to access * a target task. * @task: target task * @mode: selects type of access and caller credentials * * Returns true on success, false on denial. * * One of the flags PTRACE_MODE_FSCREDS and PTRACE_MODE_REALCREDS must * be set in @mode to specify whether the access was requested through * a filesystem syscall (should use effective capabilities and fsuid * of the caller) or through an explicit syscall such as * process_vm_writev or ptrace (and should use the real credentials). */ extern bool ptrace_may_access(struct task_struct *task, unsigned int mode); static inline int ptrace_reparented(struct task_struct *child) { return !same_thread_group(child->real_parent, child->parent); } static inline void ptrace_unlink(struct task_struct *child) { if (unlikely(child->ptrace)) __ptrace_unlink(child); } int generic_ptrace_peekdata(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long addr, unsigned long data); int generic_ptrace_pokedata(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long addr, unsigned long data); /** * ptrace_parent - return the task that is tracing the given task * @task: task to consider * * Returns %NULL if no one is tracing @task, or the &struct task_struct * pointer to its tracer. * * Must called under rcu_read_lock(). The pointer returned might be kept * live only by RCU. During exec, this may be called with task_lock() held * on @task, still held from when check_unsafe_exec() was called. */ static inline struct task_struct *ptrace_parent(struct task_struct *task) { if (unlikely(task->ptrace)) return rcu_dereference(task->parent); return NULL; } /** * ptrace_event_enabled - test whether a ptrace event is enabled * @task: ptracee of interest * @event: %PTRACE_EVENT_* to test * * Test whether @event is enabled for ptracee @task. * * Returns %true if @event is enabled, %false otherwise. */ static inline bool ptrace_event_enabled(struct task_struct *task, int event) { return task->ptrace & PT_EVENT_FLAG(event); } /** * ptrace_event - possibly stop for a ptrace event notification * @event: %PTRACE_EVENT_* value to report * @message: value for %PTRACE_GETEVENTMSG to return * * Check whether @event is enabled and, if so, report @event and @message * to the ptrace parent. * * Called without locks. */ static inline void ptrace_event(int event, unsigned long message) { if (unlikely(ptrace_event_enabled(current, event))) { current->ptrace_message = message; ptrace_notify((event << 8) | SIGTRAP); } else if (event == PTRACE_EVENT_EXEC) { /* legacy EXEC report via SIGTRAP */ if ((current->ptrace & (PT_PTRACED|PT_SEIZED)) == PT_PTRACED) send_sig(SIGTRAP, current, 0); } } /** * ptrace_event_pid - possibly stop for a ptrace event notification * @event: %PTRACE_EVENT_* value to report * @pid: process identifier for %PTRACE_GETEVENTMSG to return * * Check whether @event is enabled and, if so, report @event and @pid * to the ptrace parent. @pid is reported as the pid_t seen from the * the ptrace parent's pid namespace. * * Called without locks. */ static inline void ptrace_event_pid(int event, struct pid *pid) { /* * FIXME: There's a potential race if a ptracer in a different pid * namespace than parent attaches between computing message below and * when we acquire tasklist_lock in ptrace_stop(). If this happens, * the ptracer will get a bogus pid from PTRACE_GETEVENTMSG. */ unsigned long message = 0; struct pid_namespace *ns; rcu_read_lock(); ns = task_active_pid_ns(rcu_dereference(current->parent)); if (ns) message = pid_nr_ns(pid, ns); rcu_read_unlock(); ptrace_event(event, message); } /** * ptrace_init_task - initialize ptrace state for a new child * @child: new child task * @ptrace: true if child should be ptrace'd by parent's tracer * * This is called immediately after adding @child to its parent's children * list. @ptrace is false in the normal case, and true to ptrace @child. * * Called with current's siglock and write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock) held. */ static inline void ptrace_init_task(struct task_struct *child, bool ptrace) { INIT_LIST_HEAD(&child->ptrace_entry); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&child->ptraced); child->jobctl = 0; child->ptrace = 0; child->parent = child->real_parent; if (unlikely(ptrace) && current->ptrace) { child->ptrace = current->ptrace; __ptrace_link(child, current->parent, current->ptracer_cred); if (child->ptrace & PT_SEIZED) task_set_jobctl_pending(child, JOBCTL_TRAP_STOP); else sigaddset(&child->pending.signal, SIGSTOP); } else child->ptracer_cred = NULL; } /** * ptrace_release_task - final ptrace-related cleanup of a zombie being reaped * @task: task in %EXIT_DEAD state * * Called with write_lock(&tasklist_lock) held. */ static inline void ptrace_release_task(struct task_struct *task) { BUG_ON(!list_empty(&task->ptraced)); ptrace_unlink(task); BUG_ON(!list_empty(&task->ptrace_entry)); } #ifndef force_successful_syscall_return /* * System call handlers that, upon successful completion, need to return a * negative value should call force_successful_syscall_return() right before * returning. On architectures where the syscall convention provides for a * separate error flag (e.g., alpha, ia64, ppc{,64}, sparc{,64}, possibly * others), this macro can be used to ensure that the error flag will not get * set. On architectures which do not support a separate error flag, the macro * is a no-op and the spurious error condition needs to be filtered out by some * other means (e.g., in user-level, by passing an extra argument to the * syscall handler, or something along those lines). */ #define force_successful_syscall_return() do { } while (0) #endif #ifndef is_syscall_success /* * On most systems we can tell if a syscall is a success based on if the retval * is an error value. On some systems like ia64 and powerpc they have different * indicators of success/failure and must define their own. */ #define is_syscall_success(regs) (!IS_ERR_VALUE((unsigned long)(regs_return_value(regs)))) #endif /* * <asm/ptrace.h> should define the following things inside #ifdef __KERNEL__. * * These do-nothing inlines are used when the arch does not * implement single-step. The kerneldoc comments are here * to document the interface for all arch definitions. */ #ifndef arch_has_single_step /** * arch_has_single_step - does this CPU support user-mode single-step? * * If this is defined, then there must be function declarations or * inlines for user_enable_single_step() and user_disable_single_step(). * arch_has_single_step() should evaluate to nonzero iff the machine * supports instruction single-step for user mode. * It can be a constant or it can test a CPU feature bit. */ #define arch_has_single_step() (0) /** * user_enable_single_step - single-step in user-mode task * @task: either current or a task stopped in %TASK_TRACED * * This can only be called when arch_has_single_step() has returned nonzero. * Set @task so that when it returns to user mode, it will trap after the * next single instruction executes. If arch_has_block_step() is defined, * this must clear the effects of user_enable_block_step() too. */ static inline void user_enable_single_step(struct task_struct *task) { BUG(); /* This can never be called. */ } /** * user_disable_single_step - cancel user-mode single-step * @task: either current or a task stopped in %TASK_TRACED * * Clear @task of the effects of user_enable_single_step() and * user_enable_block_step(). This can be called whether or not either * of those was ever called on @task, and even if arch_has_single_step() * returned zero. */ static inline void user_disable_single_step(struct task_struct *task) { } #else extern void user_enable_single_step(struct task_struct *); extern void user_disable_single_step(struct task_struct *); #endif /* arch_has_single_step */ #ifndef arch_has_block_step /** * arch_has_block_step - does this CPU support user-mode block-step? * * If this is defined, then there must be a function declaration or inline * for user_enable_block_step(), and arch_has_single_step() must be defined * too. arch_has_block_step() should evaluate to nonzero iff the machine * supports step-until-branch for user mode. It can be a constant or it * can test a CPU feature bit. */ #define arch_has_block_step() (0) /** * user_enable_block_step - step until branch in user-mode task * @task: either current or a task stopped in %TASK_TRACED * * This can only be called when arch_has_block_step() has returned nonzero, * and will never be called when single-instruction stepping is being used. * Set @task so that when it returns to user mode, it will trap after the * next branch or trap taken. */ static inline void user_enable_block_step(struct task_struct *task) { BUG(); /* This can never be called. */ } #else extern void user_enable_block_step(struct task_struct *); #endif /* arch_has_block_step */ #ifdef ARCH_HAS_USER_SINGLE_STEP_REPORT extern void user_single_step_report(struct pt_regs *regs); #else static inline void user_single_step_report(struct pt_regs *regs) { kernel_siginfo_t info; clear_siginfo(&info); info.si_signo = SIGTRAP; info.si_errno = 0; info.si_code = SI_USER; info.si_pid = 0; info.si_uid = 0; force_sig_info(&info); } #endif #ifndef arch_ptrace_stop_needed /** * arch_ptrace_stop_needed - Decide whether arch_ptrace_stop() should be called * @code: current->exit_code value ptrace will stop with * @info: siginfo_t pointer (or %NULL) for signal ptrace will stop with * * This is called with the siglock held, to decide whether or not it's * necessary to release the siglock and call arch_ptrace_stop() with the * same @code and @info arguments. It can be defined to a constant if * arch_ptrace_stop() is never required, or always is. On machines where * this makes sense, it should be defined to a quick test to optimize out * calling arch_ptrace_stop() when it would be superfluous. For example, * if the thread has not been back to user mode since the last stop, the * thread state might indicate that nothing needs to be done. * * This is guaranteed to be invoked once before a task stops for ptrace and * may include arch-specific operations necessary prior to a ptrace stop. */ #define arch_ptrace_stop_needed(code, info) (0) #endif #ifndef arch_ptrace_stop /** * arch_ptrace_stop - Do machine-specific work before stopping for ptrace * @code: current->exit_code value ptrace will stop with * @info: siginfo_t pointer (or %NULL) for signal ptrace will stop with * * This is called with no locks held when arch_ptrace_stop_needed() has * just returned nonzero. It is allowed to block, e.g. for user memory * access. The arch can have machine-specific work to be done before * ptrace stops. On ia64, register backing store gets written back to user * memory here. Since this can be costly (requires dropping the siglock), * we only do it when the arch requires it for this particular stop, as * indicated by arch_ptrace_stop_needed(). */ #define arch_ptrace_stop(code, info) do { } while (0) #endif #ifndef current_pt_regs #define current_pt_regs() task_pt_regs(current) #endif /* * unlike current_pt_regs(), this one is equal to task_pt_regs(current) * on *all* architectures; the only reason to have a per-arch definition * is optimisation. */ #ifndef signal_pt_regs #define signal_pt_regs() task_pt_regs(current) #endif #ifndef current_user_stack_pointer #define current_user_stack_pointer() user_stack_pointer(current_pt_regs()) #endif extern int task_current_syscall(struct task_struct *target, struct syscall_info *info); extern void sigaction_compat_abi(struct k_sigaction *act, struct k_sigaction *oact); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES_H #define _NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES_H #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_zones_common.h> #include <net/netfilter/nf_conntrack.h> static inline const struct nf_conntrack_zone * nf_ct_zone(const struct nf_conn *ct) { #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES return &ct->zone; #else return &nf_ct_zone_dflt; #endif } static inline const struct nf_conntrack_zone * nf_ct_zone_init(struct nf_conntrack_zone *zone, u16 id, u8 dir, u8 flags) { zone->id = id; zone->flags = flags; zone->dir = dir; return zone; } static inline const struct nf_conntrack_zone * nf_ct_zone_tmpl(const struct nf_conn *tmpl, const struct sk_buff *skb, struct nf_conntrack_zone *tmp) { #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES if (!tmpl) return &nf_ct_zone_dflt; if (tmpl->zone.flags & NF_CT_FLAG_MARK) return nf_ct_zone_init(tmp, skb->mark, tmpl->zone.dir, 0); #endif return nf_ct_zone(tmpl); } static inline void nf_ct_zone_add(struct nf_conn *ct, const struct nf_conntrack_zone *zone) { #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES ct->zone = *zone; #endif } static inline bool nf_ct_zone_matches_dir(const struct nf_conntrack_zone *zone, enum ip_conntrack_dir dir) { return zone->dir & (1 << dir); } static inline u16 nf_ct_zone_id(const struct nf_conntrack_zone *zone, enum ip_conntrack_dir dir) { #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES return nf_ct_zone_matches_dir(zone, dir) ? zone->id : NF_CT_DEFAULT_ZONE_ID; #else return NF_CT_DEFAULT_ZONE_ID; #endif } static inline bool nf_ct_zone_equal(const struct nf_conn *a, const struct nf_conntrack_zone *b, enum ip_conntrack_dir dir) { #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES return nf_ct_zone_id(nf_ct_zone(a), dir) == nf_ct_zone_id(b, dir); #else return true; #endif } static inline bool nf_ct_zone_equal_any(const struct nf_conn *a, const struct nf_conntrack_zone *b) { #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES return nf_ct_zone(a)->id == b->id; #else return true; #endif } #endif /* _NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __SHMEM_FS_H #define __SHMEM_FS_H #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/mempolicy.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/percpu_counter.h> #include <linux/xattr.h> #include <linux/fs_parser.h> /* inode in-kernel data */ struct shmem_inode_info { spinlock_t lock; unsigned int seals; /* shmem seals */ unsigned long flags; unsigned long alloced; /* data pages alloced to file */ unsigned long swapped; /* subtotal assigned to swap */ struct list_head shrinklist; /* shrinkable hpage inodes */ struct list_head swaplist; /* chain of maybes on swap */ struct shared_policy policy; /* NUMA memory alloc policy */ struct simple_xattrs xattrs; /* list of xattrs */ atomic_t stop_eviction; /* hold when working on inode */ struct inode vfs_inode; }; struct shmem_sb_info { unsigned long max_blocks; /* How many blocks are allowed */ struct percpu_counter used_blocks; /* How many are allocated */ unsigned long max_inodes; /* How many inodes are allowed */ unsigned long free_inodes; /* How many are left for allocation */ spinlock_t stat_lock; /* Serialize shmem_sb_info changes */ umode_t mode; /* Mount mode for root directory */ unsigned char huge; /* Whether to try for hugepages */ kuid_t uid; /* Mount uid for root directory */ kgid_t gid; /* Mount gid for root directory */ bool full_inums; /* If i_ino should be uint or ino_t */ ino_t next_ino; /* The next per-sb inode number to use */ ino_t __percpu *ino_batch; /* The next per-cpu inode number to use */ struct mempolicy *mpol; /* default memory policy for mappings */ spinlock_t shrinklist_lock; /* Protects shrinklist */ struct list_head shrinklist; /* List of shinkable inodes */ unsigned long shrinklist_len; /* Length of shrinklist */ }; static inline struct shmem_inode_info *SHMEM_I(struct inode *inode) { return container_of(inode, struct shmem_inode_info, vfs_inode); } /* * Functions in mm/shmem.c called directly from elsewhere: */ extern const struct fs_parameter_spec shmem_fs_parameters[]; extern int shmem_init(void); extern int shmem_init_fs_context(struct fs_context *fc); extern struct file *shmem_file_setup(const char *name, loff_t size, unsigned long flags); extern struct file *shmem_kernel_file_setup(const char *name, loff_t size, unsigned long flags); extern struct file *shmem_file_setup_with_mnt(struct vfsmount *mnt, const char *name, loff_t size, unsigned long flags); extern int shmem_zero_setup(struct vm_area_struct *); extern unsigned long shmem_get_unmapped_area(struct file *, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long flags); extern int shmem_lock(struct file *file, int lock, struct user_struct *user); #ifdef CONFIG_SHMEM extern bool shmem_mapping(struct address_space *mapping); #else static inline bool shmem_mapping(struct address_space *mapping) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_SHMEM */ extern void shmem_unlock_mapping(struct address_space *mapping); extern struct page *shmem_read_mapping_page_gfp(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, gfp_t gfp_mask); extern void shmem_truncate_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t start, loff_t end); extern int shmem_unuse(unsigned int type, bool frontswap, unsigned long *fs_pages_to_unuse); extern bool shmem_huge_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma); extern unsigned long shmem_swap_usage(struct vm_area_struct *vma); extern unsigned long shmem_partial_swap_usage(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t end); /* Flag allocation requirements to shmem_getpage */ enum sgp_type { SGP_READ, /* don't exceed i_size, don't allocate page */ SGP_CACHE, /* don't exceed i_size, may allocate page */ SGP_NOHUGE, /* like SGP_CACHE, but no huge pages */ SGP_HUGE, /* like SGP_CACHE, huge pages preferred */ SGP_WRITE, /* may exceed i_size, may allocate !Uptodate page */ SGP_FALLOC, /* like SGP_WRITE, but make existing page Uptodate */ }; extern int shmem_getpage(struct inode *inode, pgoff_t index, struct page **pagep, enum sgp_type sgp); static inline struct page *shmem_read_mapping_page( struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index) { return shmem_read_mapping_page_gfp(mapping, index, mapping_gfp_mask(mapping)); } static inline bool shmem_file(struct file *file) { if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SHMEM)) return false; if (!file || !file->f_mapping) return false; return shmem_mapping(file->f_mapping); } extern bool shmem_charge(struct inode *inode, long pages); extern void shmem_uncharge(struct inode *inode, long pages); #ifdef CONFIG_SHMEM extern int shmem_mcopy_atomic_pte(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, pmd_t *dst_pmd, struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, unsigned long dst_addr, unsigned long src_addr, struct page **pagep); extern int shmem_mfill_zeropage_pte(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, pmd_t *dst_pmd, struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, unsigned long dst_addr); #else #define shmem_mcopy_atomic_pte(dst_mm, dst_pte, dst_vma, dst_addr, \ src_addr, pagep) ({ BUG(); 0; }) #define shmem_mfill_zeropage_pte(dst_mm, dst_pmd, dst_vma, \ dst_addr) ({ BUG(); 0; }) #endif #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_DAX_H #define _LINUX_DAX_H #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/radix-tree.h> /* Flag for synchronous flush */ #define DAXDEV_F_SYNC (1UL << 0) typedef unsigned long dax_entry_t; struct iomap_ops; struct iomap; struct dax_device; struct dax_operations { /* * direct_access: translate a device-relative * logical-page-offset into an absolute physical pfn. Return the * number of pages available for DAX at that pfn. */ long (*direct_access)(struct dax_device *, pgoff_t, long, void **, pfn_t *); /* * Validate whether this device is usable as an fsdax backing * device. */ bool (*dax_supported)(struct dax_device *, struct block_device *, int, sector_t, sector_t); /* copy_from_iter: required operation for fs-dax direct-i/o */ size_t (*copy_from_iter)(struct dax_device *, pgoff_t, void *, size_t, struct iov_iter *); /* copy_to_iter: required operation for fs-dax direct-i/o */ size_t (*copy_to_iter)(struct dax_device *, pgoff_t, void *, size_t, struct iov_iter *); /* zero_page_range: required operation. Zero page range */ int (*zero_page_range)(struct dax_device *, pgoff_t, size_t); }; extern struct attribute_group dax_attribute_group; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DAX) struct dax_device *dax_get_by_host(const char *host); struct dax_device *alloc_dax(void *private, const char *host, const struct dax_operations *ops, unsigned long flags); void put_dax(struct dax_device *dax_dev); void kill_dax(struct dax_device *dax_dev); void dax_write_cache(struct dax_device *dax_dev, bool wc); bool dax_write_cache_enabled(struct dax_device *dax_dev); bool __dax_synchronous(struct dax_device *dax_dev); static inline bool dax_synchronous(struct dax_device *dax_dev) { return __dax_synchronous(dax_dev); } void __set_dax_synchronous(struct dax_device *dax_dev); static inline void set_dax_synchronous(struct dax_device *dax_dev) { __set_dax_synchronous(dax_dev); } bool dax_supported(struct dax_device *dax_dev, struct block_device *bdev, int blocksize, sector_t start, sector_t len); /* * Check if given mapping is supported by the file / underlying device. */ static inline bool daxdev_mapping_supported(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct dax_device *dax_dev) { if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SYNC)) return true; if (!IS_DAX(file_inode(vma->vm_file))) return false; return dax_synchronous(dax_dev); } #else static inline struct dax_device *dax_get_by_host(const char *host) { return NULL; } static inline struct dax_device *alloc_dax(void *private, const char *host, const struct dax_operations *ops, unsigned long flags) { /* * Callers should check IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DAX) to know if this * NULL is an error or expected. */ return NULL; } static inline void put_dax(struct dax_device *dax_dev) { } static inline void kill_dax(struct dax_device *dax_dev) { } static inline void dax_write_cache(struct dax_device *dax_dev, bool wc) { } static inline bool dax_write_cache_enabled(struct dax_device *dax_dev) { return false; } static inline bool dax_synchronous(struct dax_device *dax_dev) { return true; } static inline void set_dax_synchronous(struct dax_device *dax_dev) { } static inline bool dax_supported(struct dax_device *dax_dev, struct block_device *bdev, int blocksize, sector_t start, sector_t len) { return false; } static inline bool daxdev_mapping_supported(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct dax_device *dax_dev) { return !(vma->vm_flags & VM_SYNC); } #endif struct writeback_control; int bdev_dax_pgoff(struct block_device *, sector_t, size_t, pgoff_t *pgoff); #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_FS_DAX) bool __bdev_dax_supported(struct block_device *bdev, int blocksize); static inline bool bdev_dax_supported(struct block_device *bdev, int blocksize) { return __bdev_dax_supported(bdev, blocksize); } bool __generic_fsdax_supported(struct dax_device *dax_dev, struct block_device *bdev, int blocksize, sector_t start, sector_t sectors); static inline bool generic_fsdax_supported(struct dax_device *dax_dev, struct block_device *bdev, int blocksize, sector_t start, sector_t sectors) { return __generic_fsdax_supported(dax_dev, bdev, blocksize, start, sectors); } static inline void fs_put_dax(struct dax_device *dax_dev) { put_dax(dax_dev); } struct dax_device *fs_dax_get_by_bdev(struct block_device *bdev); int dax_writeback_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, struct dax_device *dax_dev, struct writeback_control *wbc); struct page *dax_layout_busy_page(struct address_space *mapping); struct page *dax_layout_busy_page_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start, loff_t end); dax_entry_t dax_lock_page(struct page *page); void dax_unlock_page(struct page *page, dax_entry_t cookie); #else static inline bool bdev_dax_supported(struct block_device *bdev, int blocksize) { return false; } static inline bool generic_fsdax_supported(struct dax_device *dax_dev, struct block_device *bdev, int blocksize, sector_t start, sector_t sectors) { return false; } static inline void fs_put_dax(struct dax_device *dax_dev) { } static inline struct dax_device *fs_dax_get_by_bdev(struct block_device *bdev) { return NULL; } static inline struct page *dax_layout_busy_page(struct address_space *mapping) { return NULL; } static inline struct page *dax_layout_busy_page_range(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t nr_pages) { return NULL; } static inline int dax_writeback_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, struct dax_device *dax_dev, struct writeback_control *wbc) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline dax_entry_t dax_lock_page(struct page *page) { if (IS_DAX(page->mapping->host)) return ~0UL; return 0; } static inline void dax_unlock_page(struct page *page, dax_entry_t cookie) { } #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DAX) int dax_read_lock(void); void dax_read_unlock(int id); #else static inline int dax_read_lock(void) { return 0; } static inline void dax_read_unlock(int id) { } #endif /* CONFIG_DAX */ bool dax_alive(struct dax_device *dax_dev); void *dax_get_private(struct dax_device *dax_dev); long dax_direct_access(struct dax_device *dax_dev, pgoff_t pgoff, long nr_pages, void **kaddr, pfn_t *pfn); size_t dax_copy_from_iter(struct dax_device *dax_dev, pgoff_t pgoff, void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i); size_t dax_copy_to_iter(struct dax_device *dax_dev, pgoff_t pgoff, void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i); int dax_zero_page_range(struct dax_device *dax_dev, pgoff_t pgoff, size_t nr_pages); void dax_flush(struct dax_device *dax_dev, void *addr, size_t size); ssize_t dax_iomap_rw(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter, const struct iomap_ops *ops); vm_fault_t dax_iomap_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf, enum page_entry_size pe_size, pfn_t *pfnp, int *errp, const struct iomap_ops *ops); vm_fault_t dax_finish_sync_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf, enum page_entry_size pe_size, pfn_t pfn); int dax_delete_mapping_entry(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index); int dax_invalidate_mapping_entry_sync(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index); s64 dax_iomap_zero(loff_t pos, u64 length, struct iomap *iomap); static inline bool dax_mapping(struct address_space *mapping) { return mapping->host && IS_DAX(mapping->host); } #ifdef CONFIG_DEV_DAX_HMEM_DEVICES void hmem_register_device(int target_nid, struct resource *r); #else static inline void hmem_register_device(int target_nid, struct resource *r) { } #endif #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Cryptographic API for algorithms (i.e., low-level API). * * Copyright (c) 2006 Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au> */ #ifndef _CRYPTO_ALGAPI_H #define _CRYPTO_ALGAPI_H #include <linux/crypto.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> /* * Maximum values for blocksize and alignmask, used to allocate * static buffers that are big enough for any combination of * algs and architectures. Ciphers have a lower maximum size. */ #define MAX_ALGAPI_BLOCKSIZE 160 #define MAX_ALGAPI_ALIGNMASK 63 #define MAX_CIPHER_BLOCKSIZE 16 #define MAX_CIPHER_ALIGNMASK 15 struct crypto_aead; struct crypto_instance; struct module; struct rtattr; struct seq_file; struct sk_buff; struct crypto_type { unsigned int (*ctxsize)(struct crypto_alg *alg, u32 type, u32 mask); unsigned int (*extsize)(struct crypto_alg *alg); int (*init)(struct crypto_tfm *tfm, u32 type, u32 mask); int (*init_tfm)(struct crypto_tfm *tfm); void (*show)(struct seq_file *m, struct crypto_alg *alg); int (*report)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct crypto_alg *alg); void (*free)(struct crypto_instance *inst); unsigned int type; unsigned int maskclear; unsigned int maskset; unsigned int tfmsize; }; struct crypto_instance { struct crypto_alg alg; struct crypto_template *tmpl; union { /* Node in list of instances after registration. */ struct hlist_node list; /* List of attached spawns before registration. */ struct crypto_spawn *spawns; }; void *__ctx[] CRYPTO_MINALIGN_ATTR; }; struct crypto_template { struct list_head list; struct hlist_head instances; struct module *module; int (*create)(struct crypto_template *tmpl, struct rtattr **tb); char name[CRYPTO_MAX_ALG_NAME]; }; struct crypto_spawn { struct list_head list; struct crypto_alg *alg; union { /* Back pointer to instance after registration.*/ struct crypto_instance *inst; /* Spawn list pointer prior to registration. */ struct crypto_spawn *next; }; const struct crypto_type *frontend; u32 mask; bool dead; bool registered; }; struct crypto_queue { struct list_head list; struct list_head *backlog; unsigned int qlen; unsigned int max_qlen; }; struct scatter_walk { struct scatterlist *sg; unsigned int offset; }; void crypto_mod_put(struct crypto_alg *alg); int crypto_register_template(struct crypto_template *tmpl); int crypto_register_templates(struct crypto_template *tmpls, int count); void crypto_unregister_template(struct crypto_template *tmpl); void crypto_unregister_templates(struct crypto_template *tmpls, int count); struct crypto_template *crypto_lookup_template(const char *name); int crypto_register_instance(struct crypto_template *tmpl, struct crypto_instance *inst); void crypto_unregister_instance(struct crypto_instance *inst); int crypto_grab_spawn(struct crypto_spawn *spawn, struct crypto_instance *inst, const char *name, u32 type, u32 mask); void crypto_drop_spawn(struct crypto_spawn *spawn); struct crypto_tfm *crypto_spawn_tfm(struct crypto_spawn *spawn, u32 type, u32 mask); void *crypto_spawn_tfm2(struct crypto_spawn *spawn); struct crypto_attr_type *crypto_get_attr_type(struct rtattr **tb); int crypto_check_attr_type(struct rtattr **tb, u32 type, u32 *mask_ret); const char *crypto_attr_alg_name(struct rtattr *rta); int crypto_attr_u32(struct rtattr *rta, u32 *num); int crypto_inst_setname(struct crypto_instance *inst, const char *name, struct crypto_alg *alg); void crypto_init_queue(struct crypto_queue *queue, unsigned int max_qlen); int crypto_enqueue_request(struct crypto_queue *queue, struct crypto_async_request *request); void crypto_enqueue_request_head(struct crypto_queue *queue, struct crypto_async_request *request); struct crypto_async_request *crypto_dequeue_request(struct crypto_queue *queue); static inline unsigned int crypto_queue_len(struct crypto_queue *queue) { return queue->qlen; } void crypto_inc(u8 *a, unsigned int size); void __crypto_xor(u8 *dst, const u8 *src1, const u8 *src2, unsigned int size); static inline void crypto_xor(u8 *dst, const u8 *src, unsigned int size) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && __builtin_constant_p(size) && (size % sizeof(unsigned long)) == 0) { unsigned long *d = (unsigned long *)dst; unsigned long *s = (unsigned long *)src; while (size > 0) { *d++ ^= *s++; size -= sizeof(unsigned long); } } else { __crypto_xor(dst, dst, src, size); } } static inline void crypto_xor_cpy(u8 *dst, const u8 *src1, const u8 *src2, unsigned int size) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && __builtin_constant_p(size) && (size % sizeof(unsigned long)) == 0) { unsigned long *d = (unsigned long *)dst; unsigned long *s1 = (unsigned long *)src1; unsigned long *s2 = (unsigned long *)src2; while (size > 0) { *d++ = *s1++ ^ *s2++; size -= sizeof(unsigned long); } } else { __crypto_xor(dst, src1, src2, size); } } static inline void *crypto_tfm_ctx_aligned(struct crypto_tfm *tfm) { return PTR_ALIGN(crypto_tfm_ctx(tfm), crypto_tfm_alg_alignmask(tfm) + 1); } static inline struct crypto_instance *crypto_tfm_alg_instance( struct crypto_tfm *tfm) { return container_of(tfm->__crt_alg, struct crypto_instance, alg); } static inline void *crypto_instance_ctx(struct crypto_instance *inst) { return inst->__ctx; } struct crypto_cipher_spawn { struct crypto_spawn base; }; static inline int crypto_grab_cipher(struct crypto_cipher_spawn *spawn, struct crypto_instance *inst, const char *name, u32 type, u32 mask) { type &= ~CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_MASK; type |= CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_CIPHER; mask |= CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_MASK; return crypto_grab_spawn(&spawn->base, inst, name, type, mask); } static inline void crypto_drop_cipher(struct crypto_cipher_spawn *spawn) { crypto_drop_spawn(&spawn->base); } static inline struct crypto_alg *crypto_spawn_cipher_alg( struct crypto_cipher_spawn *spawn) { return spawn->base.alg; } static inline struct crypto_cipher *crypto_spawn_cipher( struct crypto_cipher_spawn *spawn) { u32 type = CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_CIPHER; u32 mask = CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_MASK; return __crypto_cipher_cast(crypto_spawn_tfm(&spawn->base, type, mask)); } static inline struct cipher_alg *crypto_cipher_alg(struct crypto_cipher *tfm) { return &crypto_cipher_tfm(tfm)->__crt_alg->cra_cipher; } static inline struct crypto_async_request *crypto_get_backlog( struct crypto_queue *queue) { return queue->backlog == &queue->list ? NULL : container_of(queue->backlog, struct crypto_async_request, list); } static inline u32 crypto_requires_off(struct crypto_attr_type *algt, u32 off) { return (algt->type ^ off) & algt->mask & off; } /* * When an algorithm uses another algorithm (e.g., if it's an instance of a * template), these are the flags that should always be set on the "outer" * algorithm if any "inner" algorithm has them set. */ #define CRYPTO_ALG_INHERITED_FLAGS \ (CRYPTO_ALG_ASYNC | CRYPTO_ALG_NEED_FALLBACK | \ CRYPTO_ALG_ALLOCATES_MEMORY) /* * Given the type and mask that specify the flags restrictions on a template * instance being created, return the mask that should be passed to * crypto_grab_*() (along with type=0) to honor any request the user made to * have any of the CRYPTO_ALG_INHERITED_FLAGS clear. */ static inline u32 crypto_algt_inherited_mask(struct crypto_attr_type *algt) { return crypto_requires_off(algt, CRYPTO_ALG_INHERITED_FLAGS); } noinline unsigned long __crypto_memneq(const void *a, const void *b, size_t size); /** * crypto_memneq - Compare two areas of memory without leaking * timing information. * * @a: One area of memory * @b: Another area of memory * @size: The size of the area. * * Returns 0 when data is equal, 1 otherwise. */ static inline int crypto_memneq(const void *a, const void *b, size_t size) { return __crypto_memneq(a, b, size) != 0UL ? 1 : 0; } int crypto_register_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb); int crypto_unregister_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb); /* Crypto notification events. */ enum { CRYPTO_MSG_ALG_REQUEST, CRYPTO_MSG_ALG_REGISTER, CRYPTO_MSG_ALG_LOADED, }; #endif /* _CRYPTO_ALGAPI_H */
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_PGTABLE_INVERT_H #define _ASM_PGTABLE_INVERT_H 1 #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ /* * A clear pte value is special, and doesn't get inverted. * * Note that even users that only pass a pgprot_t (rather * than a full pte) won't trigger the special zero case, * because even PAGE_NONE has _PAGE_PROTNONE | _PAGE_ACCESSED * set. So the all zero case really is limited to just the * cleared page table entry case. */ static inline bool __pte_needs_invert(u64 val) { return val && !(val & _PAGE_PRESENT); } /* Get a mask to xor with the page table entry to get the correct pfn. */ static inline u64 protnone_mask(u64 val) { return __pte_needs_invert(val) ? ~0ull : 0; } static inline u64 flip_protnone_guard(u64 oldval, u64 val, u64 mask) { /* * When a PTE transitions from NONE to !NONE or vice-versa * invert the PFN part to stop speculation. * pte_pfn undoes this when needed. */ if (__pte_needs_invert(oldval) != __pte_needs_invert(val)) val = (val & ~mask) | (~val & mask); return val; } #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_KPROBES_H #define _ASM_X86_KPROBES_H /* * Kernel Probes (KProbes) * * Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2002, 2004 * * See arch/x86/kernel/kprobes.c for x86 kprobes history. */ #include <asm-generic/kprobes.h> #ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <asm/text-patching.h> #include <asm/insn.h> #define __ARCH_WANT_KPROBES_INSN_SLOT struct pt_regs; struct kprobe; typedef u8 kprobe_opcode_t; #define MAX_STACK_SIZE 64 #define CUR_STACK_SIZE(ADDR) \ (current_top_of_stack() - (unsigned long)(ADDR)) #define MIN_STACK_SIZE(ADDR) \ (MAX_STACK_SIZE < CUR_STACK_SIZE(ADDR) ? \ MAX_STACK_SIZE : CUR_STACK_SIZE(ADDR)) #define flush_insn_slot(p) do { } while (0) /* optinsn template addresses */ extern __visible kprobe_opcode_t optprobe_template_entry[]; extern __visible kprobe_opcode_t optprobe_template_clac[]; extern __visible kprobe_opcode_t optprobe_template_val[]; extern __visible kprobe_opcode_t optprobe_template_call[]; extern __visible kprobe_opcode_t optprobe_template_end[]; #define MAX_OPTIMIZED_LENGTH (MAX_INSN_SIZE + DISP32_SIZE) #define MAX_OPTINSN_SIZE \ (((unsigned long)optprobe_template_end - \ (unsigned long)optprobe_template_entry) + \ MAX_OPTIMIZED_LENGTH + JMP32_INSN_SIZE) extern const int kretprobe_blacklist_size; void arch_remove_kprobe(struct kprobe *p); asmlinkage void kretprobe_trampoline(void); extern void arch_kprobe_override_function(struct pt_regs *regs); /* Architecture specific copy of original instruction*/ struct arch_specific_insn { /* copy of the original instruction */ kprobe_opcode_t *insn; /* * boostable = false: This instruction type is not boostable. * boostable = true: This instruction has been boosted: we have * added a relative jump after the instruction copy in insn, * so no single-step and fixup are needed (unless there's * a post_handler). */ bool boostable; bool if_modifier; /* Number of bytes of text poked */ int tp_len; }; struct arch_optimized_insn { /* copy of the original instructions */ kprobe_opcode_t copied_insn[DISP32_SIZE]; /* detour code buffer */ kprobe_opcode_t *insn; /* the size of instructions copied to detour code buffer */ size_t size; }; /* Return true (!0) if optinsn is prepared for optimization. */ static inline int arch_prepared_optinsn(struct arch_optimized_insn *optinsn) { return optinsn->size; } struct prev_kprobe { struct kprobe *kp; unsigned long status; unsigned long old_flags; unsigned long saved_flags; }; /* per-cpu kprobe control block */ struct kprobe_ctlblk { unsigned long kprobe_status; unsigned long kprobe_old_flags; unsigned long kprobe_saved_flags; struct prev_kprobe prev_kprobe; }; extern int kprobe_fault_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, int trapnr); extern int kprobe_exceptions_notify(struct notifier_block *self, unsigned long val, void *data); extern int kprobe_int3_handler(struct pt_regs *regs); extern int kprobe_debug_handler(struct pt_regs *regs); #else static inline int kprobe_debug_handler(struct pt_regs *regs) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_KPROBES */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_KPROBES_H */
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1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note */ /* * This file holds USB constants and structures that are needed for * USB device APIs. These are used by the USB device model, which is * defined in chapter 9 of the USB 2.0 specification and in the * Wireless USB 1.0 (spread around). Linux has several APIs in C that * need these: * * - the master/host side Linux-USB kernel driver API; * - the "usbfs" user space API; and * - the Linux "gadget" slave/device/peripheral side driver API. * * USB 2.0 adds an additional "On The Go" (OTG) mode, which lets systems * act either as a USB master/host or as a USB slave/device. That means * the master and slave side APIs benefit from working well together. * * There's also "Wireless USB", using low power short range radios for * peripheral interconnection but otherwise building on the USB framework. * * Note all descriptors are declared '__attribute__((packed))' so that: * * [a] they never get padded, either internally (USB spec writers * probably handled that) or externally; * * [b] so that accessing bigger-than-a-bytes fields will never * generate bus errors on any platform, even when the location of * its descriptor inside a bundle isn't "naturally aligned", and * * [c] for consistency, removing all doubt even when it appears to * someone that the two other points are non-issues for that * particular descriptor type. */ #ifndef _UAPI__LINUX_USB_CH9_H #define _UAPI__LINUX_USB_CH9_H #include <linux/types.h> /* __u8 etc */ #include <asm/byteorder.h> /* le16_to_cpu */ /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* CONTROL REQUEST SUPPORT */ /* * USB directions * * This bit flag is used in endpoint descriptors' bEndpointAddress field. * It's also one of three fields in control requests bRequestType. */ #define USB_DIR_OUT 0 /* to device */ #define USB_DIR_IN 0x80 /* to host */ /* * USB types, the second of three bRequestType fields */ #define USB_TYPE_MASK (0x03 << 5) #define USB_TYPE_STANDARD (0x00 << 5) #define USB_TYPE_CLASS (0x01 << 5) #define USB_TYPE_VENDOR (0x02 << 5) #define USB_TYPE_RESERVED (0x03 << 5) /* * USB recipients, the third of three bRequestType fields */ #define USB_RECIP_MASK 0x1f #define USB_RECIP_DEVICE 0x00 #define USB_RECIP_INTERFACE 0x01 #define USB_RECIP_ENDPOINT 0x02 #define USB_RECIP_OTHER 0x03 /* From Wireless USB 1.0 */ #define USB_RECIP_PORT 0x04 #define USB_RECIP_RPIPE 0x05 /* * Standard requests, for the bRequest field of a SETUP packet. * * These are qualified by the bRequestType field, so that for example * TYPE_CLASS or TYPE_VENDOR specific feature flags could be retrieved * by a GET_STATUS request. */ #define USB_REQ_GET_STATUS 0x00 #define USB_REQ_CLEAR_FEATURE 0x01 #define USB_REQ_SET_FEATURE 0x03 #define USB_REQ_SET_ADDRESS 0x05 #define USB_REQ_GET_DESCRIPTOR 0x06 #define USB_REQ_SET_DESCRIPTOR 0x07 #define USB_REQ_GET_CONFIGURATION 0x08 #define USB_REQ_SET_CONFIGURATION 0x09 #define USB_REQ_GET_INTERFACE 0x0A #define USB_REQ_SET_INTERFACE 0x0B #define USB_REQ_SYNCH_FRAME 0x0C #define USB_REQ_SET_SEL 0x30 #define USB_REQ_SET_ISOCH_DELAY 0x31 #define USB_REQ_SET_ENCRYPTION 0x0D /* Wireless USB */ #define USB_REQ_GET_ENCRYPTION 0x0E #define USB_REQ_RPIPE_ABORT 0x0E #define USB_REQ_SET_HANDSHAKE 0x0F #define USB_REQ_RPIPE_RESET 0x0F #define USB_REQ_GET_HANDSHAKE 0x10 #define USB_REQ_SET_CONNECTION 0x11 #define USB_REQ_SET_SECURITY_DATA 0x12 #define USB_REQ_GET_SECURITY_DATA 0x13 #define USB_REQ_SET_WUSB_DATA 0x14 #define USB_REQ_LOOPBACK_DATA_WRITE 0x15 #define USB_REQ_LOOPBACK_DATA_READ 0x16 #define USB_REQ_SET_INTERFACE_DS 0x17 /* specific requests for USB Power Delivery */ #define USB_REQ_GET_PARTNER_PDO 20 #define USB_REQ_GET_BATTERY_STATUS 21 #define USB_REQ_SET_PDO 22 #define USB_REQ_GET_VDM 23 #define USB_REQ_SEND_VDM 24 /* The Link Power Management (LPM) ECN defines USB_REQ_TEST_AND_SET command, * used by hubs to put ports into a new L1 suspend state, except that it * forgot to define its number ... */ /* * USB feature flags are written using USB_REQ_{CLEAR,SET}_FEATURE, and * are read as a bit array returned by USB_REQ_GET_STATUS. (So there * are at most sixteen features of each type.) Hubs may also support a * new USB_REQ_TEST_AND_SET_FEATURE to put ports into L1 suspend. */ #define USB_DEVICE_SELF_POWERED 0 /* (read only) */ #define USB_DEVICE_REMOTE_WAKEUP 1 /* dev may initiate wakeup */ #define USB_DEVICE_TEST_MODE 2 /* (wired high speed only) */ #define USB_DEVICE_BATTERY 2 /* (wireless) */ #define USB_DEVICE_B_HNP_ENABLE 3 /* (otg) dev may initiate HNP */ #define USB_DEVICE_WUSB_DEVICE 3 /* (wireless)*/ #define USB_DEVICE_A_HNP_SUPPORT 4 /* (otg) RH port supports HNP */ #define USB_DEVICE_A_ALT_HNP_SUPPORT 5 /* (otg) other RH port does */ #define USB_DEVICE_DEBUG_MODE 6 /* (special devices only) */ /* * Test Mode Selectors * See USB 2.0 spec Table 9-7 */ #define USB_TEST_J 1 #define USB_TEST_K 2 #define USB_TEST_SE0_NAK 3 #define USB_TEST_PACKET 4 #define USB_TEST_FORCE_ENABLE 5 /* Status Type */ #define USB_STATUS_TYPE_STANDARD 0 #define USB_STATUS_TYPE_PTM 1 /* * New Feature Selectors as added by USB 3.0 * See USB 3.0 spec Table 9-7 */ #define USB_DEVICE_U1_ENABLE 48 /* dev may initiate U1 transition */ #define USB_DEVICE_U2_ENABLE 49 /* dev may initiate U2 transition */ #define USB_DEVICE_LTM_ENABLE 50 /* dev may send LTM */ #define USB_INTRF_FUNC_SUSPEND 0 /* function suspend */ #define USB_INTR_FUNC_SUSPEND_OPT_MASK 0xFF00 /* * Suspend Options, Table 9-8 USB 3.0 spec */ #define USB_INTRF_FUNC_SUSPEND_LP (1 << (8 + 0)) #define USB_INTRF_FUNC_SUSPEND_RW (1 << (8 + 1)) /* * Interface status, Figure 9-5 USB 3.0 spec */ #define USB_INTRF_STAT_FUNC_RW_CAP 1 #define USB_INTRF_STAT_FUNC_RW 2 #define USB_ENDPOINT_HALT 0 /* IN/OUT will STALL */ /* Bit array elements as returned by the USB_REQ_GET_STATUS request. */ #define USB_DEV_STAT_U1_ENABLED 2 /* transition into U1 state */ #define USB_DEV_STAT_U2_ENABLED 3 /* transition into U2 state */ #define USB_DEV_STAT_LTM_ENABLED 4 /* Latency tolerance messages */ /* * Feature selectors from Table 9-8 USB Power Delivery spec */ #define USB_DEVICE_BATTERY_WAKE_MASK 40 #define USB_DEVICE_OS_IS_PD_AWARE 41 #define USB_DEVICE_POLICY_MODE 42 #define USB_PORT_PR_SWAP 43 #define USB_PORT_GOTO_MIN 44 #define USB_PORT_RETURN_POWER 45 #define USB_PORT_ACCEPT_PD_REQUEST 46 #define USB_PORT_REJECT_PD_REQUEST 47 #define USB_PORT_PORT_PD_RESET 48 #define USB_PORT_C_PORT_PD_CHANGE 49 #define USB_PORT_CABLE_PD_RESET 50 #define USB_DEVICE_CHARGING_POLICY 54 /** * struct usb_ctrlrequest - SETUP data for a USB device control request * @bRequestType: matches the USB bmRequestType field * @bRequest: matches the USB bRequest field * @wValue: matches the USB wValue field (le16 byte order) * @wIndex: matches the USB wIndex field (le16 byte order) * @wLength: matches the USB wLength field (le16 byte order) * * This structure is used to send control requests to a USB device. It matches * the different fields of the USB 2.0 Spec section 9.3, table 9-2. See the * USB spec for a fuller description of the different fields, and what they are * used for. * * Note that the driver for any interface can issue control requests. * For most devices, interfaces don't coordinate with each other, so * such requests may be made at any time. */ struct usb_ctrlrequest { __u8 bRequestType; __u8 bRequest; __le16 wValue; __le16 wIndex; __le16 wLength; } __attribute__ ((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* * STANDARD DESCRIPTORS ... as returned by GET_DESCRIPTOR, or * (rarely) accepted by SET_DESCRIPTOR. * * Note that all multi-byte values here are encoded in little endian * byte order "on the wire". Within the kernel and when exposed * through the Linux-USB APIs, they are not converted to cpu byte * order; it is the responsibility of the client code to do this. * The single exception is when device and configuration descriptors (but * not other descriptors) are read from character devices * (i.e. /dev/bus/usb/BBB/DDD); * in this case the fields are converted to host endianness by the kernel. */ /* * Descriptor types ... USB 2.0 spec table 9.5 */ #define USB_DT_DEVICE 0x01 #define USB_DT_CONFIG 0x02 #define USB_DT_STRING 0x03 #define USB_DT_INTERFACE 0x04 #define USB_DT_ENDPOINT 0x05 #define USB_DT_DEVICE_QUALIFIER 0x06 #define USB_DT_OTHER_SPEED_CONFIG 0x07 #define USB_DT_INTERFACE_POWER 0x08 /* these are from a minor usb 2.0 revision (ECN) */ #define USB_DT_OTG 0x09 #define USB_DT_DEBUG 0x0a #define USB_DT_INTERFACE_ASSOCIATION 0x0b /* these are from the Wireless USB spec */ #define USB_DT_SECURITY 0x0c #define USB_DT_KEY 0x0d #define USB_DT_ENCRYPTION_TYPE 0x0e #define USB_DT_BOS 0x0f #define USB_DT_DEVICE_CAPABILITY 0x10 #define USB_DT_WIRELESS_ENDPOINT_COMP 0x11 #define USB_DT_WIRE_ADAPTER 0x21 #define USB_DT_RPIPE 0x22 #define USB_DT_CS_RADIO_CONTROL 0x23 /* From the T10 UAS specification */ #define USB_DT_PIPE_USAGE 0x24 /* From the USB 3.0 spec */ #define USB_DT_SS_ENDPOINT_COMP 0x30 /* From the USB 3.1 spec */ #define USB_DT_SSP_ISOC_ENDPOINT_COMP 0x31 /* Conventional codes for class-specific descriptors. The convention is * defined in the USB "Common Class" Spec (3.11). Individual class specs * are authoritative for their usage, not the "common class" writeup. */ #define USB_DT_CS_DEVICE (USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_DT_DEVICE) #define USB_DT_CS_CONFIG (USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_DT_CONFIG) #define USB_DT_CS_STRING (USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_DT_STRING) #define USB_DT_CS_INTERFACE (USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_DT_INTERFACE) #define USB_DT_CS_ENDPOINT (USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_DT_ENDPOINT) /* All standard descriptors have these 2 fields at the beginning */ struct usb_descriptor_header { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; } __attribute__ ((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_DEVICE: Device descriptor */ struct usb_device_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 bcdUSB; __u8 bDeviceClass; __u8 bDeviceSubClass; __u8 bDeviceProtocol; __u8 bMaxPacketSize0; __le16 idVendor; __le16 idProduct; __le16 bcdDevice; __u8 iManufacturer; __u8 iProduct; __u8 iSerialNumber; __u8 bNumConfigurations; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_DEVICE_SIZE 18 /* * Device and/or Interface Class codes * as found in bDeviceClass or bInterfaceClass * and defined by www.usb.org documents */ #define USB_CLASS_PER_INTERFACE 0 /* for DeviceClass */ #define USB_CLASS_AUDIO 1 #define USB_CLASS_COMM 2 #define USB_CLASS_HID 3 #define USB_CLASS_PHYSICAL 5 #define USB_CLASS_STILL_IMAGE 6 #define USB_CLASS_PRINTER 7 #define USB_CLASS_MASS_STORAGE 8 #define USB_CLASS_HUB 9 #define USB_CLASS_CDC_DATA 0x0a #define USB_CLASS_CSCID 0x0b /* chip+ smart card */ #define USB_CLASS_CONTENT_SEC 0x0d /* content security */ #define USB_CLASS_VIDEO 0x0e #define USB_CLASS_WIRELESS_CONTROLLER 0xe0 #define USB_CLASS_PERSONAL_HEALTHCARE 0x0f #define USB_CLASS_AUDIO_VIDEO 0x10 #define USB_CLASS_BILLBOARD 0x11 #define USB_CLASS_USB_TYPE_C_BRIDGE 0x12 #define USB_CLASS_MISC 0xef #define USB_CLASS_APP_SPEC 0xfe #define USB_CLASS_VENDOR_SPEC 0xff #define USB_SUBCLASS_VENDOR_SPEC 0xff /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_CONFIG: Configuration descriptor information. * * USB_DT_OTHER_SPEED_CONFIG is the same descriptor, except that the * descriptor type is different. Highspeed-capable devices can look * different depending on what speed they're currently running. Only * devices with a USB_DT_DEVICE_QUALIFIER have any OTHER_SPEED_CONFIG * descriptors. */ struct usb_config_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 wTotalLength; __u8 bNumInterfaces; __u8 bConfigurationValue; __u8 iConfiguration; __u8 bmAttributes; __u8 bMaxPower; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_CONFIG_SIZE 9 /* from config descriptor bmAttributes */ #define USB_CONFIG_ATT_ONE (1 << 7) /* must be set */ #define USB_CONFIG_ATT_SELFPOWER (1 << 6) /* self powered */ #define USB_CONFIG_ATT_WAKEUP (1 << 5) /* can wakeup */ #define USB_CONFIG_ATT_BATTERY (1 << 4) /* battery powered */ /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB String descriptors can contain at most 126 characters. */ #define USB_MAX_STRING_LEN 126 /* USB_DT_STRING: String descriptor */ struct usb_string_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 wData[1]; /* UTF-16LE encoded */ } __attribute__ ((packed)); /* note that "string" zero is special, it holds language codes that * the device supports, not Unicode characters. */ /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_INTERFACE: Interface descriptor */ struct usb_interface_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bInterfaceNumber; __u8 bAlternateSetting; __u8 bNumEndpoints; __u8 bInterfaceClass; __u8 bInterfaceSubClass; __u8 bInterfaceProtocol; __u8 iInterface; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_INTERFACE_SIZE 9 /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_ENDPOINT: Endpoint descriptor */ struct usb_endpoint_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bEndpointAddress; __u8 bmAttributes; __le16 wMaxPacketSize; __u8 bInterval; /* NOTE: these two are _only_ in audio endpoints. */ /* use USB_DT_ENDPOINT*_SIZE in bLength, not sizeof. */ __u8 bRefresh; __u8 bSynchAddress; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_ENDPOINT_SIZE 7 #define USB_DT_ENDPOINT_AUDIO_SIZE 9 /* Audio extension */ /* * Endpoints */ #define USB_ENDPOINT_NUMBER_MASK 0x0f /* in bEndpointAddress */ #define USB_ENDPOINT_DIR_MASK 0x80 #define USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK 0x03 /* in bmAttributes */ #define USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_CONTROL 0 #define USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_ISOC 1 #define USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_BULK 2 #define USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_INT 3 #define USB_ENDPOINT_MAX_ADJUSTABLE 0x80 #define USB_ENDPOINT_MAXP_MASK 0x07ff #define USB_EP_MAXP_MULT_SHIFT 11 #define USB_EP_MAXP_MULT_MASK (3 << USB_EP_MAXP_MULT_SHIFT) #define USB_EP_MAXP_MULT(m) \ (((m) & USB_EP_MAXP_MULT_MASK) >> USB_EP_MAXP_MULT_SHIFT) /* The USB 3.0 spec redefines bits 5:4 of bmAttributes as interrupt ep type. */ #define USB_ENDPOINT_INTRTYPE 0x30 #define USB_ENDPOINT_INTR_PERIODIC (0 << 4) #define USB_ENDPOINT_INTR_NOTIFICATION (1 << 4) #define USB_ENDPOINT_SYNCTYPE 0x0c #define USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_NONE (0 << 2) #define USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_ASYNC (1 << 2) #define USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_ADAPTIVE (2 << 2) #define USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_SYNC (3 << 2) #define USB_ENDPOINT_USAGE_MASK 0x30 #define USB_ENDPOINT_USAGE_DATA 0x00 #define USB_ENDPOINT_USAGE_FEEDBACK 0x10 #define USB_ENDPOINT_USAGE_IMPLICIT_FB 0x20 /* Implicit feedback Data endpoint */ /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /** * usb_endpoint_num - get the endpoint's number * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns @epd's number: 0 to 15. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_num(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return epd->bEndpointAddress & USB_ENDPOINT_NUMBER_MASK; } /** * usb_endpoint_type - get the endpoint's transfer type * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns one of USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_{CONTROL, ISOC, BULK, INT} according * to @epd's transfer type. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_type(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK; } /** * usb_endpoint_dir_in - check if the endpoint has IN direction * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type IN, otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_dir_in(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bEndpointAddress & USB_ENDPOINT_DIR_MASK) == USB_DIR_IN); } /** * usb_endpoint_dir_out - check if the endpoint has OUT direction * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type OUT, otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_dir_out( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bEndpointAddress & USB_ENDPOINT_DIR_MASK) == USB_DIR_OUT); } /** * usb_endpoint_xfer_bulk - check if the endpoint has bulk transfer type * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type bulk, otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_xfer_bulk( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) == USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_BULK); } /** * usb_endpoint_xfer_control - check if the endpoint has control transfer type * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type control, otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_xfer_control( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) == USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_CONTROL); } /** * usb_endpoint_xfer_int - check if the endpoint has interrupt transfer type * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type interrupt, otherwise it returns * false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_xfer_int( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) == USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_INT); } /** * usb_endpoint_xfer_isoc - check if the endpo