1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM qdisc #if !defined(_TRACE_QDISC_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_QDISC_H #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <linux/ftrace.h> #include <linux/pkt_sched.h> #include <net/sch_generic.h> TRACE_EVENT(qdisc_dequeue, TP_PROTO(struct Qdisc *qdisc, const struct netdev_queue *txq, int packets, struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(qdisc, txq, packets, skb), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( struct Qdisc *, qdisc ) __field(const struct netdev_queue *, txq ) __field( int, packets ) __field( void *, skbaddr ) __field( int, ifindex ) __field( u32, handle ) __field( u32, parent ) __field( unsigned long, txq_state) ), /* skb==NULL indicate packets dequeued was 0, even when packets==1 */ TP_fast_assign( __entry->qdisc = qdisc; __entry->txq = txq; __entry->packets = skb ? packets : 0; __entry->skbaddr = skb; __entry->ifindex = txq->dev ? txq->dev->ifindex : 0; __entry->handle = qdisc->handle; __entry->parent = qdisc->parent; __entry->txq_state = txq->state; ), TP_printk("dequeue ifindex=%d qdisc handle=0x%X parent=0x%X txq_state=0x%lX packets=%d skbaddr=%p", __entry->ifindex, __entry->handle, __entry->parent, __entry->txq_state, __entry->packets, __entry->skbaddr ) ); TRACE_EVENT(qdisc_reset, TP_PROTO(struct Qdisc *q), TP_ARGS(q), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( dev, qdisc_dev(q) ) __string( kind, q->ops->id ) __field( u32, parent ) __field( u32, handle ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(dev, qdisc_dev(q)); __assign_str(kind, q->ops->id); __entry->parent = q->parent; __entry->handle = q->handle; ), TP_printk("dev=%s kind=%s parent=%x:%x handle=%x:%x", __get_str(dev), __get_str(kind), TC_H_MAJ(__entry->parent) >> 16, TC_H_MIN(__entry->parent), TC_H_MAJ(__entry->handle) >> 16, TC_H_MIN(__entry->handle)) ); TRACE_EVENT(qdisc_destroy, TP_PROTO(struct Qdisc *q), TP_ARGS(q), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( dev, qdisc_dev(q) ) __string( kind, q->ops->id ) __field( u32, parent ) __field( u32, handle ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(dev, qdisc_dev(q)); __assign_str(kind, q->ops->id); __entry->parent = q->parent; __entry->handle = q->handle; ), TP_printk("dev=%s kind=%s parent=%x:%x handle=%x:%x", __get_str(dev), __get_str(kind), TC_H_MAJ(__entry->parent) >> 16, TC_H_MIN(__entry->parent), TC_H_MAJ(__entry->handle) >> 16, TC_H_MIN(__entry->handle)) ); TRACE_EVENT(qdisc_create, TP_PROTO(const struct Qdisc_ops *ops, struct net_device *dev, u32 parent), TP_ARGS(ops, dev, parent), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( dev, dev->name ) __string( kind, ops->id ) __field( u32, parent ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(dev, dev->name); __assign_str(kind, ops->id); __entry->parent = parent; ), TP_printk("dev=%s kind=%s parent=%x:%x", __get_str(dev), __get_str(kind), TC_H_MAJ(__entry->parent) >> 16, TC_H_MIN(__entry->parent)) ); #endif /* _TRACE_QDISC_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Definitions for the UDP protocol. * * Version: @(#)udp.h 1.0.2 04/28/93 * * Author: Fred N. van Kempen, <waltje@uWalt.NL.Mugnet.ORG> */ #ifndef _LINUX_UDP_H #define _LINUX_UDP_H #include <net/inet_sock.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <net/netns/hash.h> #include <uapi/linux/udp.h> static inline struct udphdr *udp_hdr(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct udphdr *)skb_transport_header(skb); } static inline struct udphdr *inner_udp_hdr(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct udphdr *)skb_inner_transport_header(skb); } #define UDP_HTABLE_SIZE_MIN (CONFIG_BASE_SMALL ? 128 : 256) static inline u32 udp_hashfn(const struct net *net, u32 num, u32 mask) { return (num + net_hash_mix(net)) & mask; } struct udp_sock { /* inet_sock has to be the first member */ struct inet_sock inet; #define udp_port_hash inet.sk.__sk_common.skc_u16hashes[0] #define udp_portaddr_hash inet.sk.__sk_common.skc_u16hashes[1] #define udp_portaddr_node inet.sk.__sk_common.skc_portaddr_node int pending; /* Any pending frames ? */ unsigned int corkflag; /* Cork is required */ __u8 encap_type; /* Is this an Encapsulation socket? */ unsigned char no_check6_tx:1,/* Send zero UDP6 checksums on TX? */ no_check6_rx:1,/* Allow zero UDP6 checksums on RX? */ encap_enabled:1, /* This socket enabled encap * processing; UDP tunnels and * different encapsulation layer set * this */ gro_enabled:1, /* Request GRO aggregation */ accept_udp_l4:1, accept_udp_fraglist:1; /* * Following member retains the information to create a UDP header * when the socket is uncorked. */ __u16 len; /* total length of pending frames */ __u16 gso_size; /* * Fields specific to UDP-Lite. */ __u16 pcslen; __u16 pcrlen; /* indicator bits used by pcflag: */ #define UDPLITE_BIT 0x1 /* set by udplite proto init function */ #define UDPLITE_SEND_CC 0x2 /* set via udplite setsockopt */ #define UDPLITE_RECV_CC 0x4 /* set via udplite setsocktopt */ __u8 pcflag; /* marks socket as UDP-Lite if > 0 */ __u8 unused[3]; /* * For encapsulation sockets. */ int (*encap_rcv)(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int (*encap_err_lookup)(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); void (*encap_destroy)(struct sock *sk); /* GRO functions for UDP socket */ struct sk_buff * (*gro_receive)(struct sock *sk, struct list_head *head, struct sk_buff *skb); int (*gro_complete)(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int nhoff); /* udp_recvmsg try to use this before splicing sk_receive_queue */ struct sk_buff_head reader_queue ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /* This field is dirtied by udp_recvmsg() */ int forward_deficit; }; #define UDP_MAX_SEGMENTS (1 << 6UL) static inline struct udp_sock *udp_sk(const struct sock *sk) { return (struct udp_sock *)sk; } static inline void udp_set_no_check6_tx(struct sock *sk, bool val) { udp_sk(sk)->no_check6_tx = val; } static inline void udp_set_no_check6_rx(struct sock *sk, bool val) { udp_sk(sk)->no_check6_rx = val; } static inline bool udp_get_no_check6_tx(struct sock *sk) { return udp_sk(sk)->no_check6_tx; } static inline bool udp_get_no_check6_rx(struct sock *sk) { return udp_sk(sk)->no_check6_rx; } static inline void udp_cmsg_recv(struct msghdr *msg, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { int gso_size; if (skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type & SKB_GSO_UDP_L4) { gso_size = skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_size; put_cmsg(msg, SOL_UDP, UDP_GRO, sizeof(gso_size), &gso_size); } } static inline bool udp_unexpected_gso(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { if (!skb_is_gso(skb)) return false; if (skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type & SKB_GSO_UDP_L4 && !udp_sk(sk)->accept_udp_l4) return true; if (skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type & SKB_GSO_FRAGLIST && !udp_sk(sk)->accept_udp_fraglist) return true; return false; } #define udp_portaddr_for_each_entry(__sk, list) \ hlist_for_each_entry(__sk, list, __sk_common.skc_portaddr_node) #define udp_portaddr_for_each_entry_rcu(__sk, list) \ hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(__sk, list, __sk_common.skc_portaddr_node) #define IS_UDPLITE(__sk) (__sk->sk_protocol == IPPROTO_UDPLITE) #endif /* _LINUX_UDP_H */
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * include/linux/eventpoll.h ( Efficient event polling implementation ) * Copyright (C) 2001,...,2006 Davide Libenzi * * Davide Libenzi <davidel@xmailserver.org> */ #ifndef _LINUX_EVENTPOLL_H #define _LINUX_EVENTPOLL_H #include <uapi/linux/eventpoll.h> #include <uapi/linux/kcmp.h> /* Forward declarations to avoid compiler errors */ struct file; #ifdef CONFIG_EPOLL #ifdef CONFIG_KCMP struct file *get_epoll_tfile_raw_ptr(struct file *file, int tfd, unsigned long toff); #endif /* Used to initialize the epoll bits inside the "struct file" */ static inline void eventpoll_init_file(struct file *file) { INIT_LIST_HEAD(&file->f_ep_links); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&file->f_tfile_llink); } /* Used to release the epoll bits inside the "struct file" */ void eventpoll_release_file(struct file *file); /* * This is called from inside fs/file_table.c:__fput() to unlink files * from the eventpoll interface. We need to have this facility to cleanup * correctly files that are closed without being removed from the eventpoll * interface. */ static inline void eventpoll_release(struct file *file) { /* * Fast check to avoid the get/release of the semaphore. Since * we're doing this outside the semaphore lock, it might return * false negatives, but we don't care. It'll help in 99.99% of cases * to avoid the semaphore lock. False positives simply cannot happen * because the file in on the way to be removed and nobody ( but * eventpoll ) has still a reference to this file. */ if (likely(list_empty(&file->f_ep_links))) return; /* * The file is being closed while it is still linked to an epoll * descriptor. We need to handle this by correctly unlinking it * from its containers. */ eventpoll_release_file(file); } int do_epoll_ctl(int epfd, int op, int fd, struct epoll_event *epds, bool nonblock); /* Tells if the epoll_ctl(2) operation needs an event copy from userspace */ static inline int ep_op_has_event(int op) { return op != EPOLL_CTL_DEL; } #else static inline void eventpoll_init_file(struct file *file) {} static inline void eventpoll_release(struct file *file) {} #endif #endif /* #ifndef _LINUX_EVENTPOLL_H */
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2417 2418 2419 2420 2421 2422 2423 2424 2425 2426 2427 /* * linux/drivers/block/loop.c * * Written by Theodore Ts'o, 3/29/93 * * Copyright 1993 by Theodore Ts'o. Redistribution of this file is * permitted under the GNU General Public License. * * DES encryption plus some minor changes by Werner Almesberger, 30-MAY-1993 * more DES encryption plus IDEA encryption by Nicholas J. Leon, June 20, 1996 * * Modularized and updated for 1.1.16 kernel - Mitch Dsouza 28th May 1994 * Adapted for 1.3.59 kernel - Andries Brouwer, 1 Feb 1996 * * Fixed do_loop_request() re-entrancy - Vincent.Renardias@waw.com Mar 20, 1997 * * Added devfs support - Richard Gooch <rgooch@atnf.csiro.au> 16-Jan-1998 * * Handle sparse backing files correctly - Kenn Humborg, Jun 28, 1998 * * Loadable modules and other fixes by AK, 1998 * * Make real block number available to downstream transfer functions, enables * CBC (and relatives) mode encryption requiring unique IVs per data block. * Reed H. Petty, rhp@draper.net * * Maximum number of loop devices now dynamic via max_loop module parameter. * Russell Kroll <rkroll@exploits.org> 19990701 * * Maximum number of loop devices when compiled-in now selectable by passing * max_loop=<1-255> to the kernel on boot. * Erik I. Bolsø, <eriki@himolde.no>, Oct 31, 1999 * * Completely rewrite request handling to be make_request_fn style and * non blocking, pushing work to a helper thread. Lots of fixes from * Al Viro too. * Jens Axboe <axboe@suse.de>, Nov 2000 * * Support up to 256 loop devices * Heinz Mauelshagen <mge@sistina.com>, Feb 2002 * * Support for falling back on the write file operation when the address space * operations write_begin is not available on the backing filesystem. * Anton Altaparmakov, 16 Feb 2005 * * Still To Fix: * - Advisory locking is ignored here. * - Should use an own CAP_* category instead of CAP_SYS_ADMIN * */ #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/moduleparam.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/stat.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/major.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/blkpg.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/compat.h> #include <linux/suspend.h> #include <linux/freezer.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/completion.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/kthread.h> #include <linux/splice.h> #include <linux/sysfs.h> #include <linux/miscdevice.h> #include <linux/falloc.h> #include <linux/uio.h> #include <linux/ioprio.h> #include <linux/blk-cgroup.h> #include "loop.h" #include <linux/uaccess.h> static DEFINE_IDR(loop_index_idr); static DEFINE_MUTEX(loop_ctl_mutex); static int max_part; static int part_shift; static int transfer_xor(struct loop_device *lo, int cmd, struct page *raw_page, unsigned raw_off, struct page *loop_page, unsigned loop_off, int size, sector_t real_block) { char *raw_buf = kmap_atomic(raw_page) + raw_off; char *loop_buf = kmap_atomic(loop_page) + loop_off; char *in, *out, *key; int i, keysize; if (cmd == READ) { in = raw_buf; out = loop_buf; } else { in = loop_buf; out = raw_buf; } key = lo->lo_encrypt_key; keysize = lo->lo_encrypt_key_size; for (i = 0; i < size; i++) *out++ = *in++ ^ key[(i & 511) % keysize]; kunmap_atomic(loop_buf); kunmap_atomic(raw_buf); cond_resched(); return 0; } static int xor_init(struct loop_device *lo, const struct loop_info64 *info) { if (unlikely(info->lo_encrypt_key_size <= 0)) return -EINVAL; return 0; } static struct loop_func_table none_funcs = { .number = LO_CRYPT_NONE, }; static struct loop_func_table xor_funcs = { .number = LO_CRYPT_XOR, .transfer = transfer_xor, .init = xor_init }; /* xfer_funcs[0] is special - its release function is never called */ static struct loop_func_table *xfer_funcs[MAX_LO_CRYPT] = { &none_funcs, &xor_funcs }; static loff_t get_size(loff_t offset, loff_t sizelimit, struct file *file) { loff_t loopsize; /* Compute loopsize in bytes */ loopsize = i_size_read(file->f_mapping->host); if (offset > 0) loopsize -= offset; /* offset is beyond i_size, weird but possible */ if (loopsize < 0) return 0; if (sizelimit > 0 && sizelimit < loopsize) loopsize = sizelimit; /* * Unfortunately, if we want to do I/O on the device, * the number of 512-byte sectors has to fit into a sector_t. */ return loopsize >> 9; } static loff_t get_loop_size(struct loop_device *lo, struct file *file) { return get_size(lo->lo_offset, lo->lo_sizelimit, file); } static void __loop_update_dio(struct loop_device *lo, bool dio) { struct file *file = lo->lo_backing_file; struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping; struct inode *inode = mapping->host; unsigned short sb_bsize = 0; unsigned dio_align = 0; bool use_dio; if (inode->i_sb->s_bdev) { sb_bsize = bdev_logical_block_size(inode->i_sb->s_bdev); dio_align = sb_bsize - 1; } /* * We support direct I/O only if lo_offset is aligned with the * logical I/O size of backing device, and the logical block * size of loop is bigger than the backing device's and the loop * needn't transform transfer. * * TODO: the above condition may be loosed in the future, and * direct I/O may be switched runtime at that time because most * of requests in sane applications should be PAGE_SIZE aligned */ if (dio) { if (queue_logical_block_size(lo->lo_queue) >= sb_bsize && !(lo->lo_offset & dio_align) && mapping->a_ops->direct_IO && !lo->transfer) use_dio = true; else use_dio = false; } else { use_dio = false; } if (lo->use_dio == use_dio) return; /* flush dirty pages before changing direct IO */ vfs_fsync(file, 0); /* * The flag of LO_FLAGS_DIRECT_IO is handled similarly with * LO_FLAGS_READ_ONLY, both are set from kernel, and losetup * will get updated by ioctl(LOOP_GET_STATUS) */ if (lo->lo_state == Lo_bound) blk_mq_freeze_queue(lo->lo_queue); lo->use_dio = use_dio; if (use_dio) { blk_queue_flag_clear(QUEUE_FLAG_NOMERGES, lo->lo_queue); lo->lo_flags |= LO_FLAGS_DIRECT_IO; } else { blk_queue_flag_set(QUEUE_FLAG_NOMERGES, lo->lo_queue); lo->lo_flags &= ~LO_FLAGS_DIRECT_IO; } if (lo->lo_state == Lo_bound) blk_mq_unfreeze_queue(lo->lo_queue); } /** * loop_set_size() - sets device size and notifies userspace * @lo: struct loop_device to set the size for * @size: new size of the loop device * * Callers must validate that the size passed into this function fits into * a sector_t, eg using loop_validate_size() */ static void loop_set_size(struct loop_device *lo, loff_t size) { struct block_device *bdev = lo->lo_device; bd_set_nr_sectors(bdev, size); if (!set_capacity_revalidate_and_notify(lo->lo_disk, size, false)) kobject_uevent(&disk_to_dev(bdev->bd_disk)->kobj, KOBJ_CHANGE); } static inline int lo_do_transfer(struct loop_device *lo, int cmd, struct page *rpage, unsigned roffs, struct page *lpage, unsigned loffs, int size, sector_t rblock) { int ret; ret = lo->transfer(lo, cmd, rpage, roffs, lpage, loffs, size, rblock); if (likely(!ret)) return 0; printk_ratelimited(KERN_ERR "loop: Transfer error at byte offset %llu, length %i.\n", (unsigned long long)rblock << 9, size); return ret; } static int lo_write_bvec(struct file *file, struct bio_vec *bvec, loff_t *ppos) { struct iov_iter i; ssize_t bw; iov_iter_bvec(&i, WRITE, bvec, 1, bvec->bv_len); file_start_write(file); bw = vfs_iter_write(file, &i, ppos, 0); file_end_write(file); if (likely(bw == bvec->bv_len)) return 0; printk_ratelimited(KERN_ERR "loop: Write error at byte offset %llu, length %i.\n", (unsigned long long)*ppos, bvec->bv_len); if (bw >= 0) bw = -EIO; return bw; } static int lo_write_simple(struct loop_device *lo, struct request *rq, loff_t pos) { struct bio_vec bvec; struct req_iterator iter; int ret = 0; rq_for_each_segment(bvec, rq, iter) { ret = lo_write_bvec(lo->lo_backing_file, &bvec, &pos); if (ret < 0) break; cond_resched(); } return ret; } /* * This is the slow, transforming version that needs to double buffer the * data as it cannot do the transformations in place without having direct * access to the destination pages of the backing file. */ static int lo_write_transfer(struct loop_device *lo, struct request *rq, loff_t pos) { struct bio_vec bvec, b; struct req_iterator iter; struct page *page; int ret = 0; page = alloc_page(GFP_NOIO); if (unlikely(!page)) return -ENOMEM; rq_for_each_segment(bvec, rq, iter) { ret = lo_do_transfer(lo, WRITE, page, 0, bvec.bv_page, bvec.bv_offset, bvec.bv_len, pos >> 9); if (unlikely(ret)) break; b.bv_page = page; b.bv_offset = 0; b.bv_len = bvec.bv_len; ret = lo_write_bvec(lo->lo_backing_file, &b, &pos); if (ret < 0) break; } __free_page(page); return ret; } static int lo_read_simple(struct loop_device *lo, struct request *rq, loff_t pos) { struct bio_vec bvec; struct req_iterator iter; struct iov_iter i; ssize_t len; rq_for_each_segment(bvec, rq, iter) { iov_iter_bvec(&i, READ, &bvec, 1, bvec.bv_len); len = vfs_iter_read(lo->lo_backing_file, &i, &pos, 0); if (len < 0) return len; flush_dcache_page(bvec.bv_page); if (len != bvec.bv_len) { struct bio *bio; __rq_for_each_bio(bio, rq) zero_fill_bio(bio); break; } cond_resched(); } return 0; } static int lo_read_transfer(struct loop_device *lo, struct request *rq, loff_t pos) { struct bio_vec bvec, b; struct req_iterator iter; struct iov_iter i; struct page *page; ssize_t len; int ret = 0; page = alloc_page(GFP_NOIO); if (unlikely(!page)) return -ENOMEM; rq_for_each_segment(bvec, rq, iter) { loff_t offset = pos; b.bv_page = page; b.bv_offset = 0; b.bv_len = bvec.bv_len; iov_iter_bvec(&i, READ, &b, 1, b.bv_len); len = vfs_iter_read(lo->lo_backing_file, &i, &pos, 0); if (len < 0) { ret = len; goto out_free_page; } ret = lo_do_transfer(lo, READ, page, 0, bvec.bv_page, bvec.bv_offset, len, offset >> 9); if (ret) goto out_free_page; flush_dcache_page(bvec.bv_page); if (len != bvec.bv_len) { struct bio *bio; __rq_for_each_bio(bio, rq) zero_fill_bio(bio); break; } } ret = 0; out_free_page: __free_page(page); return ret; } static int lo_fallocate(struct loop_device *lo, struct request *rq, loff_t pos, int mode) { /* * We use fallocate to manipulate the space mappings used by the image * a.k.a. discard/zerorange. However we do not support this if * encryption is enabled, because it may give an attacker useful * information. */ struct file *file = lo->lo_backing_file; struct request_queue *q = lo->lo_queue; int ret; mode |= FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE; if (!blk_queue_discard(q)) { ret = -EOPNOTSUPP; goto out; } ret = file->f_op->fallocate(file, mode, pos, blk_rq_bytes(rq)); if (unlikely(ret && ret != -EINVAL && ret != -EOPNOTSUPP)) ret = -EIO; out: return ret; } static int lo_req_flush(struct loop_device *lo, struct request *rq) { struct file *file = lo->lo_backing_file; int ret = vfs_fsync(file, 0); if (unlikely(ret && ret != -EINVAL)) ret = -EIO; return ret; } static void lo_complete_rq(struct request *rq) { struct loop_cmd *cmd = blk_mq_rq_to_pdu(rq); blk_status_t ret = BLK_STS_OK; if (!cmd->use_aio || cmd->ret < 0 || cmd->ret == blk_rq_bytes(rq) || req_op(rq) != REQ_OP_READ) { if (cmd->ret < 0) ret = errno_to_blk_status(cmd->ret); goto end_io; } /* * Short READ - if we got some data, advance our request and * retry it. If we got no data, end the rest with EIO. */ if (cmd->ret) { blk_update_request(rq, BLK_STS_OK, cmd->ret); cmd->ret = 0; blk_mq_requeue_request(rq, true); } else { if (cmd->use_aio) { struct bio *bio = rq->bio; while (bio) { zero_fill_bio(bio); bio = bio->bi_next; } } ret = BLK_STS_IOERR; end_io: blk_mq_end_request(rq, ret); } } static void lo_rw_aio_do_completion(struct loop_cmd *cmd) { struct request *rq = blk_mq_rq_from_pdu(cmd); if (!atomic_dec_and_test(&cmd->ref)) return; kfree(cmd->bvec); cmd->bvec = NULL; if (likely(!blk_should_fake_timeout(rq->q))) blk_mq_complete_request(rq); } static void lo_rw_aio_complete(struct kiocb *iocb, long ret, long ret2) { struct loop_cmd *cmd = container_of(iocb, struct loop_cmd, iocb); if (cmd->css) css_put(cmd->css); cmd->ret = ret; lo_rw_aio_do_completion(cmd); } static int lo_rw_aio(struct loop_device *lo, struct loop_cmd *cmd, loff_t pos, bool rw) { struct iov_iter iter; struct req_iterator rq_iter; struct bio_vec *bvec; struct request *rq = blk_mq_rq_from_pdu(cmd); struct bio *bio = rq->bio; struct file *file = lo->lo_backing_file; struct bio_vec tmp; unsigned int offset; int nr_bvec = 0; int ret; rq_for_each_bvec(tmp, rq, rq_iter) nr_bvec++; if (rq->bio != rq->biotail) { bvec = kmalloc_array(nr_bvec, sizeof(struct bio_vec), GFP_NOIO); if (!bvec) return -EIO; cmd->bvec = bvec; /* * The bios of the request may be started from the middle of * the 'bvec' because of bio splitting, so we can't directly * copy bio->bi_iov_vec to new bvec. The rq_for_each_bvec * API will take care of all details for us. */ rq_for_each_bvec(tmp, rq, rq_iter) { *bvec = tmp; bvec++; } bvec = cmd->bvec; offset = 0; } else { /* * Same here, this bio may be started from the middle of the * 'bvec' because of bio splitting, so offset from the bvec * must be passed to iov iterator */ offset = bio->bi_iter.bi_bvec_done; bvec = __bvec_iter_bvec(bio->bi_io_vec, bio->bi_iter); } atomic_set(&cmd->ref, 2); iov_iter_bvec(&iter, rw, bvec, nr_bvec, blk_rq_bytes(rq)); iter.iov_offset = offset; cmd->iocb.ki_pos = pos; cmd->iocb.ki_filp = file; cmd->iocb.ki_complete = lo_rw_aio_complete; cmd->iocb.ki_flags = IOCB_DIRECT; cmd->iocb.ki_ioprio = IOPRIO_PRIO_VALUE(IOPRIO_CLASS_NONE, 0); if (cmd->css) kthread_associate_blkcg(cmd->css); if (rw == WRITE) ret = call_write_iter(file, &cmd->iocb, &iter); else ret = call_read_iter(file, &cmd->iocb, &iter); lo_rw_aio_do_completion(cmd); kthread_associate_blkcg(NULL); if (ret != -EIOCBQUEUED) cmd->iocb.ki_complete(&cmd->iocb, ret, 0); return 0; } static int do_req_filebacked(struct loop_device *lo, struct request *rq) { struct loop_cmd *cmd = blk_mq_rq_to_pdu(rq); loff_t pos = ((loff_t) blk_rq_pos(rq) << 9) + lo->lo_offset; /* * lo_write_simple and lo_read_simple should have been covered * by io submit style function like lo_rw_aio(), one blocker * is that lo_read_simple() need to call flush_dcache_page after * the page is written from kernel, and it isn't easy to handle * this in io submit style function which submits all segments * of the req at one time. And direct read IO doesn't need to * run flush_dcache_page(). */ switch (req_op(rq)) { case REQ_OP_FLUSH: return lo_req_flush(lo, rq); case REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES: /* * If the caller doesn't want deallocation, call zeroout to * write zeroes the range. Otherwise, punch them out. */ return lo_fallocate(lo, rq, pos, (rq->cmd_flags & REQ_NOUNMAP) ? FALLOC_FL_ZERO_RANGE : FALLOC_FL_PUNCH_HOLE); case REQ_OP_DISCARD: return lo_fallocate(lo, rq, pos, FALLOC_FL_PUNCH_HOLE); case REQ_OP_WRITE: if (lo->transfer) return lo_write_transfer(lo, rq, pos); else if (cmd->use_aio) return lo_rw_aio(lo, cmd, pos, WRITE); else return lo_write_simple(lo, rq, pos); case REQ_OP_READ: if (lo->transfer) return lo_read_transfer(lo, rq, pos); else if (cmd->use_aio) return lo_rw_aio(lo, cmd, pos, READ); else return lo_read_simple(lo, rq, pos); default: WARN_ON_ONCE(1); return -EIO; } } static inline void loop_update_dio(struct loop_device *lo) { __loop_update_dio(lo, (lo->lo_backing_file->f_flags & O_DIRECT) | lo->use_dio); } static void loop_reread_partitions(struct loop_device *lo, struct block_device *bdev) { int rc; mutex_lock(&bdev->bd_mutex); rc = bdev_disk_changed(bdev, false); mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_mutex); if (rc) pr_warn("%s: partition scan of loop%d (%s) failed (rc=%d)\n", __func__, lo->lo_number, lo->lo_file_name, rc); } static inline int is_loop_device(struct file *file) { struct inode *i = file->f_mapping->host; return i && S_ISBLK(i->i_mode) && MAJOR(i->i_rdev) == LOOP_MAJOR; } static int loop_validate_file(struct file *file, struct block_device *bdev) { struct inode *inode = file->f_mapping->host; struct file *f = file; /* Avoid recursion */ while (is_loop_device(f)) { struct loop_device *l; if (f->f_mapping->host->i_bdev == bdev) return -EBADF; l = f->f_mapping->host->i_bdev->bd_disk->private_data; if (l->lo_state != Lo_bound) { return -EINVAL; } f = l->lo_backing_file; } if (!S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) && !S_ISBLK(inode->i_mode)) return -EINVAL; return 0; } /* * loop_change_fd switched the backing store of a loopback device to * a new file. This is useful for operating system installers to free up * the original file and in High Availability environments to switch to * an alternative location for the content in case of server meltdown. * This can only work if the loop device is used read-only, and if the * new backing store is the same size and type as the old backing store. */ static int loop_change_fd(struct loop_device *lo, struct block_device *bdev, unsigned int arg) { struct file *file = NULL, *old_file; int error; bool partscan; error = mutex_lock_killable(&loop_ctl_mutex); if (error) return error; error = -ENXIO; if (lo->lo_state != Lo_bound) goto out_err; /* the loop device has to be read-only */ error = -EINVAL; if (!(lo->lo_flags & LO_FLAGS_READ_ONLY)) goto out_err; error = -EBADF; file = fget(arg); if (!file) goto out_err; error = loop_validate_file(file, bdev); if (error) goto out_err; old_file = lo->lo_backing_file; error = -EINVAL; /* size of the new backing store needs to be the same */ if (get_loop_size(lo, file) != get_loop_size(lo, old_file)) goto out_err; /* and ... switch */ blk_mq_freeze_queue(lo->lo_queue); mapping_set_gfp_mask(old_file->f_mapping, lo->old_gfp_mask); lo->lo_backing_file = file; lo->old_gfp_mask = mapping_gfp_mask(file->f_mapping); mapping_set_gfp_mask(file->f_mapping, lo->old_gfp_mask & ~(__GFP_IO|__GFP_FS)); loop_update_dio(lo); blk_mq_unfreeze_queue(lo->lo_queue); partscan = lo->lo_flags & LO_FLAGS_PARTSCAN; mutex_unlock(&loop_ctl_mutex); /* * We must drop file reference outside of loop_ctl_mutex as dropping * the file ref can take bd_mutex which creates circular locking * dependency. */ fput(old_file); if (partscan) loop_reread_partitions(lo, bdev); return 0; out_err: mutex_unlock(&loop_ctl_mutex); if (file) fput(file); return error; } /* loop sysfs attributes */ static ssize_t loop_attr_show(struct device *dev, char *page, ssize_t (*callback)(struct loop_device *, char *)) { struct gendisk *disk = dev_to_disk(dev); struct loop_device *lo = disk->private_data; return callback(lo, page); } #define LOOP_ATTR_RO(_name) \ static ssize_t loop_attr_##_name##_show(struct loop_device *, char *); \ static ssize_t loop_attr_do_show_##_name(struct device *d, \ struct device_attribute *attr, char *b) \ { \ return loop_attr_show(d, b, loop_attr_##_name##_show); \ } \ static struct device_attribute loop_attr_##_name = \ __ATTR(_name, 0444, loop_attr_do_show_##_name, NULL); static ssize_t loop_attr_backing_file_show(struct loop_device *lo, char *buf) { ssize_t ret; char *p = NULL; spin_lock_irq(&lo->lo_lock); if (lo->lo_backing_file) p = file_path(lo->lo_backing_file, buf, PAGE_SIZE - 1); spin_unlock_irq(&lo->lo_lock); if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(p)) ret = PTR_ERR(p); else { ret = strlen(p); memmove(buf, p, ret); buf[ret++] = '\n'; buf[ret] = 0; } return ret; } static ssize_t loop_attr_offset_show(struct loop_device *lo, char *buf) { return sprintf(buf, "%llu\n", (unsigned long long)lo->lo_offset); } static ssize_t loop_attr_sizelimit_show(struct loop_device *lo, char *buf) { return sprintf(buf, "%llu\n", (unsigned long long)lo->lo_sizelimit); } static ssize_t loop_attr_autoclear_show(struct loop_device *lo, char *buf) { int autoclear = (lo->lo_flags & LO_FLAGS_AUTOCLEAR); return sprintf(buf, "%s\n", autoclear ? "1" : "0"); } static ssize_t loop_attr_partscan_show(struct loop_device *lo, char *buf) { int partscan = (lo->lo_flags & LO_FLAGS_PARTSCAN); return sprintf(buf, "%s\n", partscan ? "1" : "0"); } static ssize_t loop_attr_dio_show(struct loop_device *lo, char *buf) { int dio = (lo->lo_flags & LO_FLAGS_DIRECT_IO); return sprintf(buf, "%s\n", dio ? "1" : "0"); } LOOP_ATTR_RO(backing_file); LOOP_ATTR_RO(offset); LOOP_ATTR_RO(sizelimit); LOOP_ATTR_RO(autoclear); LOOP_ATTR_RO(partscan); LOOP_ATTR_RO(dio); static struct attribute *loop_attrs[] = { &loop_attr_backing_file.attr, &loop_attr_offset.attr, &loop_attr_sizelimit.attr, &loop_attr_autoclear.attr, &loop_attr_partscan.attr, &loop_attr_dio.attr, NULL, }; static struct attribute_group loop_attribute_group = { .name = "loop", .attrs= loop_attrs, }; static void loop_sysfs_init(struct loop_device *lo) { lo->sysfs_inited = !sysfs_create_group(&disk_to_dev(lo->lo_disk)->kobj, &loop_attribute_group); } static void loop_sysfs_exit(struct loop_device *lo) { if (lo->sysfs_inited) sysfs_remove_group(&disk_to_dev(lo->lo_disk)->kobj, &loop_attribute_group); } static void loop_config_discard(struct loop_device *lo) { struct file *file = lo->lo_backing_file; struct inode *inode = file->f_mapping->host; struct request_queue *q = lo->lo_queue; u32 granularity, max_discard_sectors; /* * If the backing device is a block device, mirror its zeroing * capability. Set the discard sectors to the block device's zeroing * capabilities because loop discards result in blkdev_issue_zeroout(), * not blkdev_issue_discard(). This maintains consistent behavior with * file-backed loop devices: discarded regions read back as zero. */ if (S_ISBLK(inode->i_mode) && !lo->lo_encrypt_key_size) { struct request_queue *backingq; backingq = bdev_get_queue(inode->i_bdev); max_discard_sectors = backingq->limits.max_write_zeroes_sectors; granularity = backingq->limits.discard_granularity ?: queue_physical_block_size(backingq); /* * We use punch hole to reclaim the free space used by the * image a.k.a. discard. However we do not support discard if * encryption is enabled, because it may give an attacker * useful information. */ } else if (!file->f_op->fallocate || lo->lo_encrypt_key_size) { max_discard_sectors = 0; granularity = 0; } else { max_discard_sectors = UINT_MAX >> 9; granularity = inode->i_sb->s_blocksize; } if (max_discard_sectors) { q->limits.discard_granularity = granularity; blk_queue_max_discard_sectors(q, max_discard_sectors); blk_queue_max_write_zeroes_sectors(q, max_discard_sectors); blk_queue_flag_set(QUEUE_FLAG_DISCARD, q); } else { q->limits.discard_granularity = 0; blk_queue_max_discard_sectors(q, 0); blk_queue_max_write_zeroes_sectors(q, 0); blk_queue_flag_clear(QUEUE_FLAG_DISCARD, q); } q->limits.discard_alignment = 0; } static void loop_unprepare_queue(struct loop_device *lo) { kthread_flush_worker(&lo->worker); kthread_stop(lo->worker_task); } static int loop_kthread_worker_fn(void *worker_ptr) { current->flags |= PF_LOCAL_THROTTLE | PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO; return kthread_worker_fn(worker_ptr); } static int loop_prepare_queue(struct loop_device *lo) { kthread_init_worker(&lo->worker); lo->worker_task = kthread_run(loop_kthread_worker_fn, &lo->worker, "loop%d", lo->lo_number); if (IS_ERR(lo->worker_task)) return -ENOMEM; set_user_nice(lo->worker_task, MIN_NICE); return 0; } static void loop_update_rotational(struct loop_device *lo) { struct file *file = lo->lo_backing_file; struct inode *file_inode = file->f_mapping->host; struct block_device *file_bdev = file_inode->i_sb->s_bdev; struct request_queue *q = lo->lo_queue; bool nonrot = true; /* not all filesystems (e.g. tmpfs) have a sb->s_bdev */ if (file_bdev) nonrot = blk_queue_nonrot(bdev_get_queue(file_bdev)); if (nonrot) blk_queue_flag_set(QUEUE_FLAG_NONROT, q); else blk_queue_flag_clear(QUEUE_FLAG_NONROT, q); } static int loop_release_xfer(struct loop_device *lo) { int err = 0; struct loop_func_table *xfer = lo->lo_encryption; if (xfer) { if (xfer->release) err = xfer->release(lo); lo->transfer = NULL; lo->lo_encryption = NULL; module_put(xfer->owner); } return err; } static int loop_init_xfer(struct loop_device *lo, struct loop_func_table *xfer, const struct loop_info64 *i) { int err = 0; if (xfer) { struct module *owner = xfer->owner; if (!try_module_get(owner)) return -EINVAL; if (xfer->init) err = xfer->init(lo, i); if (err) module_put(owner); else lo->lo_encryption = xfer; } return err; } /** * loop_set_status_from_info - configure device from loop_info * @lo: struct loop_device to configure * @info: struct loop_info64 to configure the device with * * Configures the loop device parameters according to the passed * in loop_info64 configuration. */ static int loop_set_status_from_info(struct loop_device *lo, const struct loop_info64 *info) { int err; struct loop_func_table *xfer; kuid_t uid = current_uid(); if ((unsigned int) info->lo_encrypt_key_size > LO_KEY_SIZE) return -EINVAL; err = loop_release_xfer(lo); if (err) return err; if (info->lo_encrypt_type) { unsigned int type = info->lo_encrypt_type; if (type >= MAX_LO_CRYPT) return -EINVAL; xfer = xfer_funcs[type]; if (xfer == NULL) return -EINVAL; } else xfer = NULL; err = loop_init_xfer(lo, xfer, info); if (err) return err; lo->lo_offset = info->lo_offset; lo->lo_sizelimit = info->lo_sizelimit; memcpy(lo->lo_file_name, info->lo_file_name, LO_NAME_SIZE); memcpy(lo->lo_crypt_name, info->lo_crypt_name, LO_NAME_SIZE); lo->lo_file_name[LO_NAME_SIZE-1] = 0; lo->lo_crypt_name[LO_NAME_SIZE-1] = 0; if (!xfer) xfer = &none_funcs; lo->transfer = xfer->transfer; lo->ioctl = xfer->ioctl; lo->lo_flags = info->lo_flags; lo->lo_encrypt_key_size = info->lo_encrypt_key_size; lo->lo_init[0] = info->lo_init[0]; lo->lo_init[1] = info->lo_init[1]; if (info->lo_encrypt_key_size) { memcpy(lo->lo_encrypt_key, info->lo_encrypt_key, info->lo_encrypt_key_size); lo->lo_key_owner = uid; } return 0; } static int loop_configure(struct loop_device *lo, fmode_t mode, struct block_device *bdev, const struct loop_config *config) { struct file *file; struct inode *inode; struct address_space *mapping; struct block_device *claimed_bdev = NULL; int error; loff_t size; bool partscan; unsigned short bsize; /* This is safe, since we have a reference from open(). */ __module_get(THIS_MODULE); error = -EBADF; file = fget(config->fd); if (!file) goto out; /* * If we don't hold exclusive handle for the device, upgrade to it * here to avoid changing device under exclusive owner. */ if (!(mode & FMODE_EXCL)) { claimed_bdev = bdev->bd_contains; error = bd_prepare_to_claim(bdev, claimed_bdev, loop_configure); if (error) goto out_putf; } error = mutex_lock_killable(&loop_ctl_mutex); if (error) goto out_bdev; error = -EBUSY; if (lo->lo_state != Lo_unbound) goto out_unlock; error = loop_validate_file(file, bdev); if (error) goto out_unlock; mapping = file->f_mapping; inode = mapping->host; if ((config->info.lo_flags & ~LOOP_CONFIGURE_SETTABLE_FLAGS) != 0) { error = -EINVAL; goto out_unlock; } if (config->block_size) { error = blk_validate_block_size(config->block_size); if (error) goto out_unlock; } error = loop_set_status_from_info(lo, &config->info); if (error) goto out_unlock; if (!(file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE) || !(mode & FMODE_WRITE) || !file->f_op->write_iter) lo->lo_flags |= LO_FLAGS_READ_ONLY; error = loop_prepare_queue(lo); if (error) goto out_unlock; set_device_ro(bdev, (lo->lo_flags & LO_FLAGS_READ_ONLY) != 0); lo->use_dio = lo->lo_flags & LO_FLAGS_DIRECT_IO; lo->lo_device = bdev; lo->lo_backing_file = file; lo->old_gfp_mask = mapping_gfp_mask(mapping); mapping_set_gfp_mask(mapping, lo->old_gfp_mask & ~(__GFP_IO|__GFP_FS)); if (!(lo->lo_flags & LO_FLAGS_READ_ONLY) && file->f_op->fsync) blk_queue_write_cache(lo->lo_queue, true, false); if (config->block_size) bsize = config->block_size; else if ((lo->lo_backing_file->f_flags & O_DIRECT) && inode->i_sb->s_bdev) /* In case of direct I/O, match underlying block size */ bsize = bdev_logical_block_size(inode->i_sb->s_bdev); else bsize = 512; blk_queue_logical_block_size(lo->lo_queue, bsize); blk_queue_physical_block_size(lo->lo_queue, bsize); blk_queue_io_min(lo->lo_queue, bsize); loop_config_discard(lo); loop_update_rotational(lo); loop_update_dio(lo); loop_sysfs_init(lo); size = get_loop_size(lo, file); loop_set_size(lo, size); set_blocksize(bdev, S_ISBLK(inode->i_mode) ? block_size(inode->i_bdev) : PAGE_SIZE); lo->lo_state = Lo_bound; if (part_shift) lo->lo_flags |= LO_FLAGS_PARTSCAN; partscan = lo->lo_flags & LO_FLAGS_PARTSCAN; if (partscan) lo->lo_disk->flags &= ~GENHD_FL_NO_PART_SCAN; /* Grab the block_device to prevent its destruction after we * put /dev/loopXX inode. Later in __loop_clr_fd() we bdput(bdev). */ bdgrab(bdev); mutex_unlock(&loop_ctl_mutex); if (partscan) loop_reread_partitions(lo, bdev); if (claimed_bdev) bd_abort_claiming(bdev, claimed_bdev, loop_configure); return 0; out_unlock: mutex_unlock(&loop_ctl_mutex); out_bdev: if (claimed_bdev) bd_abort_claiming(bdev, claimed_bdev, loop_configure); out_putf: fput(file); out: /* This is safe: open() is still holding a reference. */ module_put(THIS_MODULE); return error; } static int __loop_clr_fd(struct loop_device *lo, bool release) { struct file *filp = NULL; gfp_t gfp = lo->old_gfp_mask; struct block_device *bdev = lo->lo_device; int err = 0; bool partscan = false; int lo_number; mutex_lock(&loop_ctl_mutex); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(lo->lo_state != Lo_rundown)) { err = -ENXIO; goto out_unlock; } filp = lo->lo_backing_file; if (filp == NULL) { err = -EINVAL; goto out_unlock; } if (test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_WC, &lo->lo_queue->queue_flags)) blk_queue_write_cache(lo->lo_queue, false, false); /* freeze request queue during the transition */ blk_mq_freeze_queue(lo->lo_queue); spin_lock_irq(&lo->lo_lock); lo->lo_backing_file = NULL; spin_unlock_irq(&lo->lo_lock); loop_release_xfer(lo); lo->transfer = NULL; lo->ioctl = NULL; lo->lo_device = NULL; lo->lo_encryption = NULL; lo->lo_offset = 0; lo->lo_sizelimit = 0; lo->lo_encrypt_key_size = 0; memset(lo->lo_encrypt_key, 0, LO_KEY_SIZE); memset(lo->lo_crypt_name, 0, LO_NAME_SIZE); memset(lo->lo_file_name, 0, LO_NAME_SIZE); blk_queue_logical_block_size(lo->lo_queue, 512); blk_queue_physical_block_size(lo->lo_queue, 512); blk_queue_io_min(lo->lo_queue, 512); if (bdev) { bdput(bdev); invalidate_bdev(bdev); bdev->bd_inode->i_mapping->wb_err = 0; } set_capacity(lo->lo_disk, 0); loop_sysfs_exit(lo); if (bdev) { bd_set_nr_sectors(bdev, 0); /* let user-space know about this change */ kobject_uevent(&disk_to_dev(bdev->bd_disk)->kobj, KOBJ_CHANGE); } mapping_set_gfp_mask(filp->f_mapping, gfp); /* This is safe: open() is still holding a reference. */ module_put(THIS_MODULE); blk_mq_unfreeze_queue(lo->lo_queue); partscan = lo->lo_flags & LO_FLAGS_PARTSCAN && bdev; lo_number = lo->lo_number; loop_unprepare_queue(lo); out_unlock: mutex_unlock(&loop_ctl_mutex); if (partscan) { /* * bd_mutex has been held already in release path, so don't * acquire it if this function is called in such case. * * If the reread partition isn't from release path, lo_refcnt * must be at least one and it can only become zero when the * current holder is released. */ if (!release) mutex_lock(&bdev->bd_mutex); err = bdev_disk_changed(bdev, false); if (!release) mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_mutex); if (err) pr_warn("%s: partition scan of loop%d failed (rc=%d)\n", __func__, lo_number, err); /* Device is gone, no point in returning error */ err = 0; } /* * lo->lo_state is set to Lo_unbound here after above partscan has * finished. * * There cannot be anybody else entering __loop_clr_fd() as * lo->lo_backing_file is already cleared and Lo_rundown state * protects us from all the other places trying to change the 'lo' * device. */ mutex_lock(&loop_ctl_mutex); lo->lo_flags = 0; if (!part_shift) lo->lo_disk->flags |= GENHD_FL_NO_PART_SCAN; lo->lo_state = Lo_unbound; mutex_unlock(&loop_ctl_mutex); /* * Need not hold loop_ctl_mutex to fput backing file. * Calling fput holding loop_ctl_mutex triggers a circular * lock dependency possibility warning as fput can take * bd_mutex which is usually taken before loop_ctl_mutex. */ if (filp) fput(filp); return err; } static int loop_clr_fd(struct loop_device *lo) { int err; err = mutex_lock_killable(&loop_ctl_mutex); if (err) return err; if (lo->lo_state != Lo_bound) { mutex_unlock(&loop_ctl_mutex); return -ENXIO; } /* * If we've explicitly asked to tear down the loop device, * and it has an elevated reference count, set it for auto-teardown when * the last reference goes away. This stops $!~#$@ udev from * preventing teardown because it decided that it needs to run blkid on * the loopback device whenever they appear. xfstests is notorious for * failing tests because blkid via udev races with a losetup * <dev>/do something like mkfs/losetup -d <dev> causing the losetup -d * command to fail with EBUSY. */ if (atomic_read(&lo->lo_refcnt) > 1) { lo->lo_flags |= LO_FLAGS_AUTOCLEAR; mutex_unlock(&loop_ctl_mutex); return 0; } lo->lo_state = Lo_rundown; mutex_unlock(&loop_ctl_mutex); return __loop_clr_fd(lo, false); } static int loop_set_status(struct loop_device *lo, const struct loop_info64 *info) { int err; struct block_device *bdev; kuid_t uid = current_uid(); int prev_lo_flags; bool partscan = false; bool size_changed = false; err = mutex_lock_killable(&loop_ctl_mutex); if (err) return err; if (lo->lo_encrypt_key_size && !uid_eq(lo->lo_key_owner, uid) && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) { err = -EPERM; goto out_unlock; } if (lo->lo_state != Lo_bound) { err = -ENXIO; goto out_unlock; } if (lo->lo_offset != info->lo_offset || lo->lo_sizelimit != info->lo_sizelimit) { size_changed = true; sync_blockdev(lo->lo_device); invalidate_bdev(lo->lo_device); } /* I/O need to be drained during transfer transition */ blk_mq_freeze_queue(lo->lo_queue); if (size_changed && lo->lo_device->bd_inode->i_mapping->nrpages) { /* If any pages were dirtied after invalidate_bdev(), try again */ err = -EAGAIN; pr_warn("%s: loop%d (%s) has still dirty pages (nrpages=%lu)\n", __func__, lo->lo_number, lo->lo_file_name, lo->lo_device->bd_inode->i_mapping->nrpages); goto out_unfreeze; } prev_lo_flags = lo->lo_flags; err = loop_set_status_from_info(lo, info); if (err) goto out_unfreeze; /* Mask out flags that can't be set using LOOP_SET_STATUS. */ lo->lo_flags &= LOOP_SET_STATUS_SETTABLE_FLAGS; /* For those flags, use the previous values instead */ lo->lo_flags |= prev_lo_flags & ~LOOP_SET_STATUS_SETTABLE_FLAGS; /* For flags that can't be cleared, use previous values too */ lo->lo_flags |= prev_lo_flags & ~LOOP_SET_STATUS_CLEARABLE_FLAGS; if (size_changed) { loff_t new_size = get_size(lo->lo_offset, lo->lo_sizelimit, lo->lo_backing_file); loop_set_size(lo, new_size); } loop_config_discard(lo); /* update dio if lo_offset or transfer is changed */ __loop_update_dio(lo, lo->use_dio); out_unfreeze: blk_mq_unfreeze_queue(lo->lo_queue); if (!err && (lo->lo_flags & LO_FLAGS_PARTSCAN) && !(prev_lo_flags & LO_FLAGS_PARTSCAN)) { lo->lo_disk->flags &= ~GENHD_FL_NO_PART_SCAN; bdev = lo->lo_device; partscan = true; } out_unlock: mutex_unlock(&loop_ctl_mutex); if (partscan) loop_reread_partitions(lo, bdev); return err; } static int loop_get_status(struct loop_device *lo, struct loop_info64 *info) { struct path path; struct kstat stat; int ret; ret = mutex_lock_killable(&loop_ctl_mutex); if (ret) return ret; if (lo->lo_state != Lo_bound) { mutex_unlock(&loop_ctl_mutex); return -ENXIO; } memset(info, 0, sizeof(*info)); info->lo_number = lo->lo_number; info->lo_offset = lo->lo_offset; info->lo_sizelimit = lo->lo_sizelimit; info->lo_flags = lo->lo_flags; memcpy(info->lo_file_name, lo->lo_file_name, LO_NAME_SIZE); memcpy(info->lo_crypt_name, lo->lo_crypt_name, LO_NAME_SIZE); info->lo_encrypt_type = lo->lo_encryption ? lo->lo_encryption->number : 0; if (lo->lo_encrypt_key_size && capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) { info->lo_encrypt_key_size = lo->lo_encrypt_key_size; memcpy(info->lo_encrypt_key, lo->lo_encrypt_key, lo->lo_encrypt_key_size); } /* Drop loop_ctl_mutex while we call into the filesystem. */ path = lo->lo_backing_file->f_path; path_get(&path); mutex_unlock(&loop_ctl_mutex); ret = vfs_getattr(&path, &stat, STATX_INO, AT_STATX_SYNC_AS_STAT); if (!ret) { info->lo_device = huge_encode_dev(stat.dev); info->lo_inode = stat.ino; info->lo_rdevice = huge_encode_dev(stat.rdev); } path_put(&path); return ret; } static void loop_info64_from_old(const struct loop_info *info, struct loop_info64 *info64) { memset(info64, 0, sizeof(*info64)); info64->lo_number = info->lo_number; info64->lo_device = info->lo_device; info64->lo_inode = info->lo_inode; info64->lo_rdevice = info->lo_rdevice; info64->lo_offset = info->lo_offset; info64->lo_sizelimit = 0; info64->lo_encrypt_type = info->lo_encrypt_type; info64->lo_encrypt_key_size = info->lo_encrypt_key_size; info64->lo_flags = info->lo_flags; info64->lo_init[0] = info->lo_init[0]; info64->lo_init[1] = info->lo_init[1]; if (info->lo_encrypt_type == LO_CRYPT_CRYPTOAPI) memcpy(info64->lo_crypt_name, info->lo_name, LO_NAME_SIZE); else memcpy(info64->lo_file_name, info->lo_name, LO_NAME_SIZE); memcpy(info64->lo_encrypt_key, info->lo_encrypt_key, LO_KEY_SIZE); } static int loop_info64_to_old(const struct loop_info64 *info64, struct loop_info *info) { memset(info, 0, sizeof(*info)); info->lo_number = info64->lo_number; info->lo_device = info64->lo_device; info->lo_inode = info64->lo_inode; info->lo_rdevice = info64->lo_rdevice; info->lo_offset = info64->lo_offset; info->lo_encrypt_type = info64->lo_encrypt_type; info->lo_encrypt_key_size = info64->lo_encrypt_key_size; info->lo_flags = info64->lo_flags; info->lo_init[0] = info64->lo_init[0]; info->lo_init[1] = info64->lo_init[1]; if (info->lo_encrypt_type == LO_CRYPT_CRYPTOAPI) memcpy(info->lo_name, info64->lo_crypt_name, LO_NAME_SIZE); else memcpy(info->lo_name, info64->lo_file_name, LO_NAME_SIZE); memcpy(info->lo_encrypt_key, info64->lo_encrypt_key, LO_KEY_SIZE); /* error in case values were truncated */ if (info->lo_device != info64->lo_device || info->lo_rdevice != info64->lo_rdevice || info->lo_inode != info64->lo_inode || info->lo_offset != info64->lo_offset) return -EOVERFLOW; return 0; } static int loop_set_status_old(struct loop_device *lo, const struct loop_info __user *arg) { struct loop_info info; struct loop_info64 info64; if (copy_from_user(&info, arg, sizeof (struct loop_info))) return -EFAULT; loop_info64_from_old(&info, &info64); return loop_set_status(lo, &info64); } static int loop_set_status64(struct loop_device *lo, const struct loop_info64 __user *arg) { struct loop_info64 info64; if (copy_from_user(&info64, arg, sizeof (struct loop_info64))) return -EFAULT; return loop_set_status(lo, &info64); } static int loop_get_status_old(struct loop_device *lo, struct loop_info __user *arg) { struct loop_info info; struct loop_info64 info64; int err; if (!arg) return -EINVAL; err = loop_get_status(lo, &info64); if (!err) err = loop_info64_to_old(&info64, &info); if (!err && copy_to_user(arg, &info, sizeof(info))) err = -EFAULT; return err; } static int loop_get_status64(struct loop_device *lo, struct loop_info64 __user *arg) { struct loop_info64 info64; int err; if (!arg) return -EINVAL; err = loop_get_status(lo, &info64); if (!err && copy_to_user(arg, &info64, sizeof(info64))) err = -EFAULT; return err; } static int loop_set_capacity(struct loop_device *lo) { loff_t size; if (unlikely(lo->lo_state != Lo_bound)) return -ENXIO; size = get_loop_size(lo, lo->lo_backing_file); loop_set_size(lo, size); return 0; } static int loop_set_dio(struct loop_device *lo, unsigned long arg) { int error = -ENXIO; if (lo->lo_state != Lo_bound) goto out; __loop_update_dio(lo, !!arg); if (lo->use_dio == !!arg) return 0; error = -EINVAL; out: return error; } static int loop_set_block_size(struct loop_device *lo, unsigned long arg) { int err = 0; if (lo->lo_state != Lo_bound) return -ENXIO; err = blk_validate_block_size(arg); if (err) return err; if (lo->lo_queue->limits.logical_block_size == arg) return 0; sync_blockdev(lo->lo_device); invalidate_bdev(lo->lo_device); blk_mq_freeze_queue(lo->lo_queue); /* invalidate_bdev should have truncated all the pages */ if (lo->lo_device->bd_inode->i_mapping->nrpages) { err = -EAGAIN; pr_warn("%s: loop%d (%s) has still dirty pages (nrpages=%lu)\n", __func__, lo->lo_number, lo->lo_file_name, lo->lo_device->bd_inode->i_mapping->nrpages); goto out_unfreeze; } blk_queue_logical_block_size(lo->lo_queue, arg); blk_queue_physical_block_size(lo->lo_queue, arg); blk_queue_io_min(lo->lo_queue, arg); loop_update_dio(lo); out_unfreeze: blk_mq_unfreeze_queue(lo->lo_queue); return err; } static int lo_simple_ioctl(struct loop_device *lo, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg) { int err; err = mutex_lock_killable(&loop_ctl_mutex); if (err) return err; switch (cmd) { case LOOP_SET_CAPACITY: err = loop_set_capacity(lo); break; case LOOP_SET_DIRECT_IO: err = loop_set_dio(lo, arg); break; case LOOP_SET_BLOCK_SIZE: err = loop_set_block_size(lo, arg); break; default: err = lo->ioctl ? lo->ioctl(lo, cmd, arg) : -EINVAL; } mutex_unlock(&loop_ctl_mutex); return err; } static int lo_ioctl(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg) { struct loop_device *lo = bdev->bd_disk->private_data; void __user *argp = (void __user *) arg; int err; switch (cmd) { case LOOP_SET_FD: { /* * Legacy case - pass in a zeroed out struct loop_config with * only the file descriptor set , which corresponds with the * default parameters we'd have used otherwise. */ struct loop_config config; memset(&config, 0, sizeof(config)); config.fd = arg; return loop_configure(lo, mode, bdev, &config); } case LOOP_CONFIGURE: { struct loop_config config; if (copy_from_user(&config, argp, sizeof(config))) return -EFAULT; return loop_configure(lo, mode, bdev, &config); } case LOOP_CHANGE_FD: return loop_change_fd(lo, bdev, arg); case LOOP_CLR_FD: return loop_clr_fd(lo); case LOOP_SET_STATUS: err = -EPERM; if ((mode & FMODE_WRITE) || capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) { err = loop_set_status_old(lo, argp); } break; case LOOP_GET_STATUS: return loop_get_status_old(lo, argp); case LOOP_SET_STATUS64: err = -EPERM; if ((mode & FMODE_WRITE) || capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) { err = loop_set_status64(lo, argp); } break; case LOOP_GET_STATUS64: return loop_get_status64(lo, argp); case LOOP_SET_CAPACITY: case LOOP_SET_DIRECT_IO: case LOOP_SET_BLOCK_SIZE: if (!(mode & FMODE_WRITE) && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) return -EPERM; fallthrough; default: err = lo_simple_ioctl(lo, cmd, arg); break; } return err; } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT struct compat_loop_info { compat_int_t lo_number; /* ioctl r/o */ compat_dev_t lo_device; /* ioctl r/o */ compat_ulong_t lo_inode; /* ioctl r/o */ compat_dev_t lo_rdevice; /* ioctl r/o */ compat_int_t lo_offset; compat_int_t lo_encrypt_type; compat_int_t lo_encrypt_key_size; /* ioctl w/o */ compat_int_t lo_flags; /* ioctl r/o */ char lo_name[LO_NAME_SIZE]; unsigned char lo_encrypt_key[LO_KEY_SIZE]; /* ioctl w/o */ compat_ulong_t lo_init[2]; char reserved[4]; }; /* * Transfer 32-bit compatibility structure in userspace to 64-bit loop info * - noinlined to reduce stack space usage in main part of driver */ static noinline int loop_info64_from_compat(const struct compat_loop_info __user *arg, struct loop_info64 *info64) { struct compat_loop_info info; if (copy_from_user(&info, arg, sizeof(info))) return -EFAULT; memset(info64, 0, sizeof(*info64)); info64->lo_number = info.lo_number; info64->lo_device = info.lo_device; info64->lo_inode = info.lo_inode; info64->lo_rdevice = info.lo_rdevice; info64->lo_offset = info.lo_offset; info64->lo_sizelimit = 0; info64->lo_encrypt_type = info.lo_encrypt_type; info64->lo_encrypt_key_size = info.lo_encrypt_key_size; info64->lo_flags = info.lo_flags; info64->lo_init[0] = info.lo_init[0]; info64->lo_init[1] = info.lo_init[1]; if (info.lo_encrypt_type == LO_CRYPT_CRYPTOAPI) memcpy(info64->lo_crypt_name, info.lo_name, LO_NAME_SIZE); else memcpy(info64->lo_file_name, info.lo_name, LO_NAME_SIZE); memcpy(info64->lo_encrypt_key, info.lo_encrypt_key, LO_KEY_SIZE); return 0; } /* * Transfer 64-bit loop info to 32-bit compatibility structure in userspace * - noinlined to reduce stack space usage in main part of driver */ static noinline int loop_info64_to_compat(const struct loop_info64 *info64, struct compat_loop_info __user *arg) { struct compat_loop_info info; memset(&info, 0, sizeof(info)); info.lo_number = info64->lo_number; info.lo_device = info64->lo_device; info.lo_inode = info64->lo_inode; info.lo_rdevice = info64->lo_rdevice; info.lo_offset = info64->lo_offset; info.lo_encrypt_type = info64->lo_encrypt_type; info.lo_encrypt_key_size = info64->lo_encrypt_key_size; info.lo_flags = info64->lo_flags; info.lo_init[0] = info64->lo_init[0]; info.lo_init[1] = info64->lo_init[1]; if (info.lo_encrypt_type == LO_CRYPT_CRYPTOAPI) memcpy(info.lo_name, info64->lo_crypt_name, LO_NAME_SIZE); else memcpy(info.lo_name, info64->lo_file_name, LO_NAME_SIZE); memcpy(info.lo_encrypt_key, info64->lo_encrypt_key, LO_KEY_SIZE); /* error in case values were truncated */ if (info.lo_device != info64->lo_device || info.lo_rdevice != info64->lo_rdevice || info.lo_inode != info64->lo_inode || info.lo_offset != info64->lo_offset || info.lo_init[0] != info64->lo_init[0] || info.lo_init[1] != info64->lo_init[1]) return -EOVERFLOW; if (copy_to_user(arg, &info, sizeof(info))) return -EFAULT; return 0; } static int loop_set_status_compat(struct loop_device *lo, const struct compat_loop_info __user *arg) { struct loop_info64 info64; int ret; ret = loop_info64_from_compat(arg, &info64); if (ret < 0) return ret; return loop_set_status(lo, &info64); } static int loop_get_status_compat(struct loop_device *lo, struct compat_loop_info __user *arg) { struct loop_info64 info64; int err; if (!arg) return -EINVAL; err = loop_get_status(lo, &info64); if (!err) err = loop_info64_to_compat(&info64, arg); return err; } static int lo_compat_ioctl(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg) { struct loop_device *lo = bdev->bd_disk->private_data; int err; switch(cmd) { case LOOP_SET_STATUS: err = loop_set_status_compat(lo, (const struct compat_loop_info __user *)arg); break; case LOOP_GET_STATUS: err = loop_get_status_compat(lo, (struct compat_loop_info __user *)arg); break; case LOOP_SET_CAPACITY: case LOOP_CLR_FD: case LOOP_GET_STATUS64: case LOOP_SET_STATUS64: case LOOP_CONFIGURE: arg = (unsigned long) compat_ptr(arg); fallthrough; case LOOP_SET_FD: case LOOP_CHANGE_FD: case LOOP_SET_BLOCK_SIZE: case LOOP_SET_DIRECT_IO: err = lo_ioctl(bdev, mode, cmd, arg); break; default: err = -ENOIOCTLCMD; break; } return err; } #endif static int lo_open(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode) { struct loop_device *lo; int err; err = mutex_lock_killable(&loop_ctl_mutex); if (err) return err; lo = bdev->bd_disk->private_data; if (!lo) { err = -ENXIO; goto out; } atomic_inc(&lo->lo_refcnt); out: mutex_unlock(&loop_ctl_mutex); return err; } static void lo_release(struct gendisk *disk, fmode_t mode) { struct loop_device *lo; mutex_lock(&loop_ctl_mutex); lo = disk->private_data; if (atomic_dec_return(&lo->lo_refcnt)) goto out_unlock; if (lo->lo_flags & LO_FLAGS_AUTOCLEAR) { if (lo->lo_state != Lo_bound) goto out_unlock; lo->lo_state = Lo_rundown; mutex_unlock(&loop_ctl_mutex); /* * In autoclear mode, stop the loop thread * and remove configuration after last close. */ __loop_clr_fd(lo, true); return; } else if (lo->lo_state == Lo_bound) { /* * Otherwise keep thread (if running) and config, * but flush possible ongoing bios in thread. */ blk_mq_freeze_queue(lo->lo_queue); blk_mq_unfreeze_queue(lo->lo_queue); } out_unlock: mutex_unlock(&loop_ctl_mutex); } static const struct block_device_operations lo_fops = { .owner = THIS_MODULE, .open = lo_open, .release = lo_release, .ioctl = lo_ioctl, #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT .compat_ioctl = lo_compat_ioctl, #endif }; /* * And now the modules code and kernel interface. */ static int max_loop; module_param(max_loop, int, 0444); MODULE_PARM_DESC(max_loop, "Maximum number of loop devices"); module_param(max_part, int, 0444); MODULE_PARM_DESC(max_part, "Maximum number of partitions per loop device"); MODULE_LICENSE("GPL"); MODULE_ALIAS_BLOCKDEV_MAJOR(LOOP_MAJOR); int loop_register_transfer(struct loop_func_table *funcs) { unsigned int n = funcs->number; if (n >= MAX_LO_CRYPT || xfer_funcs[n]) return -EINVAL; xfer_funcs[n] = funcs; return 0; } static int unregister_transfer_cb(int id, void *ptr, void *data) { struct loop_device *lo = ptr; struct loop_func_table *xfer = data; mutex_lock(&loop_ctl_mutex); if (lo->lo_encryption == xfer) loop_release_xfer(lo); mutex_unlock(&loop_ctl_mutex); return 0; } int loop_unregister_transfer(int number) { unsigned int n = number; struct loop_func_table *xfer; if (n == 0 || n >= MAX_LO_CRYPT || (xfer = xfer_funcs[n]) == NULL) return -EINVAL; xfer_funcs[n] = NULL; idr_for_each(&loop_index_idr, &unregister_transfer_cb, xfer); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(loop_register_transfer); EXPORT_SYMBOL(loop_unregister_transfer); static blk_status_t loop_queue_rq(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, const struct blk_mq_queue_data *bd) { struct request *rq = bd->rq; struct loop_cmd *cmd = blk_mq_rq_to_pdu(rq); struct loop_device *lo = rq->q->queuedata; blk_mq_start_request(rq); if (lo->lo_state != Lo_bound) return BLK_STS_IOERR; switch (req_op(rq)) { case REQ_OP_FLUSH: case REQ_OP_DISCARD: case REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES: cmd->use_aio = false; break; default: cmd->use_aio = lo->use_dio; break; } /* always use the first bio's css */ #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP if (cmd->use_aio && rq->bio && rq->bio->bi_blkg) { cmd->css = &bio_blkcg(rq->bio)->css; css_get(cmd->css); } else #endif cmd->css = NULL; kthread_queue_work(&lo->worker, &cmd->work); return BLK_STS_OK; } static void loop_handle_cmd(struct loop_cmd *cmd) { struct request *rq = blk_mq_rq_from_pdu(cmd); const bool write = op_is_write(req_op(rq)); struct loop_device *lo = rq->q->queuedata; int ret = 0; if (write && (lo->lo_flags & LO_FLAGS_READ_ONLY)) { ret = -EIO; goto failed; } ret = do_req_filebacked(lo, rq); failed: /* complete non-aio request */ if (!cmd->use_aio || ret) { if (ret == -EOPNOTSUPP) cmd->ret = ret; else cmd->ret = ret ? -EIO : 0; if (likely(!blk_should_fake_timeout(rq->q))) blk_mq_complete_request(rq); } } static void loop_queue_work(struct kthread_work *work) { struct loop_cmd *cmd = container_of(work, struct loop_cmd, work); loop_handle_cmd(cmd); } static int loop_init_request(struct blk_mq_tag_set *set, struct request *rq, unsigned int hctx_idx, unsigned int numa_node) { struct loop_cmd *cmd = blk_mq_rq_to_pdu(rq); kthread_init_work(&cmd->work, loop_queue_work); return 0; } static const struct blk_mq_ops loop_mq_ops = { .queue_rq = loop_queue_rq, .init_request = loop_init_request, .complete = lo_complete_rq, }; static int loop_add(struct loop_device **l, int i) { struct loop_device *lo; struct gendisk *disk; int err; err = -ENOMEM; lo = kzalloc(sizeof(*lo), GFP_KERNEL); if (!lo) goto out; lo->lo_state = Lo_unbound; /* allocate id, if @id >= 0, we're requesting that specific id */ if (i >= 0) { err = idr_alloc(&loop_index_idr, lo, i, i + 1, GFP_KERNEL); if (err == -ENOSPC) err = -EEXIST; } else { err = idr_alloc(&loop_index_idr, lo, 0, 0, GFP_KERNEL); } if (err < 0) goto out_free_dev; i = err; err = -ENOMEM; lo->tag_set.ops = &loop_mq_ops; lo->tag_set.nr_hw_queues = 1; lo->tag_set.queue_depth = 128; lo->tag_set.numa_node = NUMA_NO_NODE; lo->tag_set.cmd_size = sizeof(struct loop_cmd); lo->tag_set.flags = BLK_MQ_F_SHOULD_MERGE | BLK_MQ_F_STACKING; lo->tag_set.driver_data = lo; err = blk_mq_alloc_tag_set(&lo->tag_set); if (err) goto out_free_idr; lo->lo_queue = blk_mq_init_queue(&lo->tag_set); if (IS_ERR(lo->lo_queue)) { err = PTR_ERR(lo->lo_queue); goto out_cleanup_tags; } lo->lo_queue->queuedata = lo; blk_queue_max_hw_sectors(lo->lo_queue, BLK_DEF_MAX_SECTORS); /* * By default, we do buffer IO, so it doesn't make sense to enable * merge because the I/O submitted to backing file is handled page by * page. For directio mode, merge does help to dispatch bigger request * to underlayer disk. We will enable merge once directio is enabled. */ blk_queue_flag_set(QUEUE_FLAG_NOMERGES, lo->lo_queue); err = -ENOMEM; disk = lo->lo_disk = alloc_disk(1 << part_shift); if (!disk) goto out_free_queue; /* * Disable partition scanning by default. The in-kernel partition * scanning can be requested individually per-device during its * setup. Userspace can always add and remove partitions from all * devices. The needed partition minors are allocated from the * extended minor space, the main loop device numbers will continue * to match the loop minors, regardless of the number of partitions * used. * * If max_part is given, partition scanning is globally enabled for * all loop devices. The minors for the main loop devices will be * multiples of max_part. * * Note: Global-for-all-devices, set-only-at-init, read-only module * parameteters like 'max_loop' and 'max_part' make things needlessly * complicated, are too static, inflexible and may surprise * userspace tools. Parameters like this in general should be avoided. */ if (!part_shift) disk->flags |= GENHD_FL_NO_PART_SCAN; disk->flags |= GENHD_FL_EXT_DEVT; atomic_set(&lo->lo_refcnt, 0); lo->lo_number = i; spin_lock_init(&lo->lo_lock); disk->major = LOOP_MAJOR; disk->first_minor = i << part_shift; disk->fops = &lo_fops; disk->private_data = lo; disk->queue = lo->lo_queue; sprintf(disk->disk_name, "loop%d", i); add_disk(disk); *l = lo; return lo->lo_number; out_free_queue: blk_cleanup_queue(lo->lo_queue); out_cleanup_tags: blk_mq_free_tag_set(&lo->tag_set); out_free_idr: idr_remove(&loop_index_idr, i); out_free_dev: kfree(lo); out: return err; } static void loop_remove(struct loop_device *lo) { del_gendisk(lo->lo_disk); blk_cleanup_queue(lo->lo_queue); blk_mq_free_tag_set(&lo->tag_set); put_disk(lo->lo_disk); kfree(lo); } static int find_free_cb(int id, void *ptr, void *data) { struct loop_device *lo = ptr; struct loop_device **l = data; if (lo->lo_state == Lo_unbound) { *l = lo; return 1; } return 0; } static int loop_lookup(struct loop_device **l, int i) { struct loop_device *lo; int ret = -ENODEV; if (i < 0) { int err; err = idr_for_each(&loop_index_idr, &find_free_cb, &lo); if (err == 1) { *l = lo; ret = lo->lo_number; } goto out; } /* lookup and return a specific i */ lo = idr_find(&loop_index_idr, i); if (lo) { *l = lo; ret = lo->lo_number; } out: return ret; } static struct kobject *loop_probe(dev_t dev, int *part, void *data) { struct loop_device *lo; struct kobject *kobj; int err; mutex_lock(&loop_ctl_mutex); err = loop_lookup(&lo, MINOR(dev) >> part_shift); if (err < 0) err = loop_add(&lo, MINOR(dev) >> part_shift); if (err < 0) kobj = NULL; else kobj = get_disk_and_module(lo->lo_disk); mutex_unlock(&loop_ctl_mutex); *part = 0; return kobj; } static long loop_control_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long parm) { struct loop_device *lo; int ret; ret = mutex_lock_killable(&loop_ctl_mutex); if (ret) return ret; ret = -ENOSYS; switch (cmd) { case LOOP_CTL_ADD: ret = loop_lookup(&lo, parm); if (ret >= 0) { ret = -EEXIST; break; } ret = loop_add(&lo, parm); break; case LOOP_CTL_REMOVE: ret = loop_lookup(&lo, parm); if (ret < 0) break; if (lo->lo_state != Lo_unbound) { ret = -EBUSY; break; } if (atomic_read(&lo->lo_refcnt) > 0) { ret = -EBUSY; break; } lo->lo_disk->private_data = NULL; idr_remove(&loop_index_idr, lo->lo_number); loop_remove(lo); break; case LOOP_CTL_GET_FREE: ret = loop_lookup(&lo, -1); if (ret >= 0) break; ret = loop_add(&lo, -1); } mutex_unlock(&loop_ctl_mutex); return ret; } static const struct file_operations loop_ctl_fops = { .open = nonseekable_open, .unlocked_ioctl = loop_control_ioctl, .compat_ioctl = loop_control_ioctl, .owner = THIS_MODULE, .llseek = noop_llseek, }; static struct miscdevice loop_misc = { .minor = LOOP_CTRL_MINOR, .name = "loop-control", .fops = &loop_ctl_fops, }; MODULE_ALIAS_MISCDEV(LOOP_CTRL_MINOR); MODULE_ALIAS("devname:loop-control"); static int __init loop_init(void) { int i, nr; unsigned long range; struct loop_device *lo; int err; part_shift = 0; if (max_part > 0) { part_shift = fls(max_part); /* * Adjust max_part according to part_shift as it is exported * to user space so that user can decide correct minor number * if [s]he want to create more devices. * * Note that -1 is required because partition 0 is reserved * for the whole disk. */ max_part = (1UL << part_shift) - 1; } if ((1UL << part_shift) > DISK_MAX_PARTS) { err = -EINVAL; goto err_out; } if (max_loop > 1UL << (MINORBITS - part_shift)) { err = -EINVAL; goto err_out; } /* * If max_loop is specified, create that many devices upfront. * This also becomes a hard limit. If max_loop is not specified, * create CONFIG_BLK_DEV_LOOP_MIN_COUNT loop devices at module * init time. Loop devices can be requested on-demand with the * /dev/loop-control interface, or be instantiated by accessing * a 'dead' device node. */ if (max_loop) { nr = max_loop; range = max_loop << part_shift; } else { nr = CONFIG_BLK_DEV_LOOP_MIN_COUNT; range = 1UL << MINORBITS; } err = misc_register(&loop_misc); if (err < 0) goto err_out; if (register_blkdev(LOOP_MAJOR, "loop")) { err = -EIO; goto misc_out; } blk_register_region(MKDEV(LOOP_MAJOR, 0), range, THIS_MODULE, loop_probe, NULL, NULL); /* pre-create number of devices given by config or max_loop */ mutex_lock(&loop_ctl_mutex); for (i = 0; i < nr; i++) loop_add(&lo, i); mutex_unlock(&loop_ctl_mutex); printk(KERN_INFO "loop: module loaded\n"); return 0; misc_out: misc_deregister(&loop_misc); err_out: return err; } static int loop_exit_cb(int id, void *ptr, void *data) { struct loop_device *lo = ptr; loop_remove(lo); return 0; } static void __exit loop_exit(void) { unsigned long range; range = max_loop ? max_loop << part_shift : 1UL << MINORBITS; mutex_lock(&loop_ctl_mutex); idr_for_each(&loop_index_idr, &loop_exit_cb, NULL); idr_destroy(&loop_index_idr); blk_unregister_region(MKDEV(LOOP_MAJOR, 0), range); unregister_blkdev(LOOP_MAJOR, "loop"); misc_deregister(&loop_misc); mutex_unlock(&loop_ctl_mutex); } module_init(loop_init); module_exit(loop_exit); #ifndef MODULE static int __init max_loop_setup(char *str) { max_loop = simple_strtol(str, NULL, 0); return 1; } __setup("max_loop=", max_loop_setup); #endif
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Events for filesystem locks * * Copyright 2013 Jeff Layton <jlayton@poochiereds.net> */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM filelock #if !defined(_TRACE_FILELOCK_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_FILELOCK_H #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/device.h> #include <linux/kdev_t.h> #define show_fl_flags(val) \ __print_flags(val, "|", \ { FL_POSIX, "FL_POSIX" }, \ { FL_FLOCK, "FL_FLOCK" }, \ { FL_DELEG, "FL_DELEG" }, \ { FL_ACCESS, "FL_ACCESS" }, \ { FL_EXISTS, "FL_EXISTS" }, \ { FL_LEASE, "FL_LEASE" }, \ { FL_CLOSE, "FL_CLOSE" }, \ { FL_SLEEP, "FL_SLEEP" }, \ { FL_DOWNGRADE_PENDING, "FL_DOWNGRADE_PENDING" }, \ { FL_UNLOCK_PENDING, "FL_UNLOCK_PENDING" }, \ { FL_OFDLCK, "FL_OFDLCK" }) #define show_fl_type(val) \ __print_symbolic(val, \ { F_RDLCK, "F_RDLCK" }, \ { F_WRLCK, "F_WRLCK" }, \ { F_UNLCK, "F_UNLCK" }) TRACE_EVENT(locks_get_lock_context, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, int type, struct file_lock_context *ctx), TP_ARGS(inode, type, ctx), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned long, i_ino) __field(dev_t, s_dev) __field(unsigned char, type) __field(struct file_lock_context *, ctx) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->s_dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->i_ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->type = type; __entry->ctx = ctx; ), TP_printk("dev=0x%x:0x%x ino=0x%lx type=%s ctx=%p", MAJOR(__entry->s_dev), MINOR(__entry->s_dev), __entry->i_ino, show_fl_type(__entry->type), __entry->ctx) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(filelock_lock, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *fl, int ret), TP_ARGS(inode, fl, ret), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(struct file_lock *, fl) __field(unsigned long, i_ino) __field(dev_t, s_dev) __field(struct file_lock *, fl_blocker) __field(fl_owner_t, fl_owner) __field(unsigned int, fl_pid) __field(unsigned int, fl_flags) __field(unsigned char, fl_type) __field(loff_t, fl_start) __field(loff_t, fl_end) __field(int, ret) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->fl = fl ? fl : NULL; __entry->s_dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->i_ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->fl_blocker = fl ? fl->fl_blocker : NULL; __entry->fl_owner = fl ? fl->fl_owner : NULL; __entry->fl_pid = fl ? fl->fl_pid : 0; __entry->fl_flags = fl ? fl->fl_flags : 0; __entry->fl_type = fl ? fl->fl_type : 0; __entry->fl_start = fl ? fl->fl_start : 0; __entry->fl_end = fl ? fl->fl_end : 0; __entry->ret = ret; ), TP_printk("fl=%p dev=0x%x:0x%x ino=0x%lx fl_blocker=%p fl_owner=%p fl_pid=%u fl_flags=%s fl_type=%s fl_start=%lld fl_end=%lld ret=%d", __entry->fl, MAJOR(__entry->s_dev), MINOR(__entry->s_dev), __entry->i_ino, __entry->fl_blocker, __entry->fl_owner, __entry->fl_pid, show_fl_flags(__entry->fl_flags), show_fl_type(__entry->fl_type), __entry->fl_start, __entry->fl_end, __entry->ret) ); DEFINE_EVENT(filelock_lock, posix_lock_inode, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *fl, int ret), TP_ARGS(inode, fl, ret)); DEFINE_EVENT(filelock_lock, fcntl_setlk, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *fl, int ret), TP_ARGS(inode, fl, ret)); DEFINE_EVENT(filelock_lock, locks_remove_posix, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *fl, int ret), TP_ARGS(inode, fl, ret)); DEFINE_EVENT(filelock_lock, flock_lock_inode, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *fl, int ret), TP_ARGS(inode, fl, ret)); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(filelock_lease, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *fl), TP_ARGS(inode, fl), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(struct file_lock *, fl) __field(unsigned long, i_ino) __field(dev_t, s_dev) __field(struct file_lock *, fl_blocker) __field(fl_owner_t, fl_owner) __field(unsigned int, fl_flags) __field(unsigned char, fl_type) __field(unsigned long, fl_break_time) __field(unsigned long, fl_downgrade_time) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->fl = fl ? fl : NULL; __entry->s_dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->i_ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->fl_blocker = fl ? fl->fl_blocker : NULL; __entry->fl_owner = fl ? fl->fl_owner : NULL; __entry->fl_flags = fl ? fl->fl_flags : 0; __entry->fl_type = fl ? fl->fl_type : 0; __entry->fl_break_time = fl ? fl->fl_break_time : 0; __entry->fl_downgrade_time = fl ? fl->fl_downgrade_time : 0; ), TP_printk("fl=%p dev=0x%x:0x%x ino=0x%lx fl_blocker=%p fl_owner=%p fl_flags=%s fl_type=%s fl_break_time=%lu fl_downgrade_time=%lu", __entry->fl, MAJOR(__entry->s_dev), MINOR(__entry->s_dev), __entry->i_ino, __entry->fl_blocker, __entry->fl_owner, show_fl_flags(__entry->fl_flags), show_fl_type(__entry->fl_type), __entry->fl_break_time, __entry->fl_downgrade_time) ); DEFINE_EVENT(filelock_lease, break_lease_noblock, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *fl), TP_ARGS(inode, fl)); DEFINE_EVENT(filelock_lease, break_lease_block, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *fl), TP_ARGS(inode, fl)); DEFINE_EVENT(filelock_lease, break_lease_unblock, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *fl), TP_ARGS(inode, fl)); DEFINE_EVENT(filelock_lease, generic_delete_lease, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *fl), TP_ARGS(inode, fl)); DEFINE_EVENT(filelock_lease, time_out_leases, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *fl), TP_ARGS(inode, fl)); TRACE_EVENT(generic_add_lease, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *fl), TP_ARGS(inode, fl), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned long, i_ino) __field(int, wcount) __field(int, rcount) __field(int, icount) __field(dev_t, s_dev) __field(fl_owner_t, fl_owner) __field(unsigned int, fl_flags) __field(unsigned char, fl_type) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->s_dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->i_ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->wcount = atomic_read(&inode->i_writecount); __entry->rcount = atomic_read(&inode->i_readcount); __entry->icount = atomic_read(&inode->i_count); __entry->fl_owner = fl->fl_owner; __entry->fl_flags = fl->fl_flags; __entry->fl_type = fl->fl_type; ), TP_printk("dev=0x%x:0x%x ino=0x%lx wcount=%d rcount=%d icount=%d fl_owner=%p fl_flags=%s fl_type=%s", MAJOR(__entry->s_dev), MINOR(__entry->s_dev), __entry->i_ino, __entry->wcount, __entry->rcount, __entry->icount, __entry->fl_owner, show_fl_flags(__entry->fl_flags), show_fl_type(__entry->fl_type)) ); TRACE_EVENT(leases_conflict, TP_PROTO(bool conflict, struct file_lock *lease, struct file_lock *breaker), TP_ARGS(conflict, lease, breaker), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(void *, lease) __field(void *, breaker) __field(unsigned int, l_fl_flags) __field(unsigned int, b_fl_flags) __field(unsigned char, l_fl_type) __field(unsigned char, b_fl_type) __field(bool, conflict) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->lease = lease; __entry->l_fl_flags = lease->fl_flags; __entry->l_fl_type = lease->fl_type; __entry->breaker = breaker; __entry->b_fl_flags = breaker->fl_flags; __entry->b_fl_type = breaker->fl_type; __entry->conflict = conflict; ), TP_printk("conflict %d: lease=%p fl_flags=%s fl_type=%s; breaker=%p fl_flags=%s fl_type=%s", __entry->conflict, __entry->lease, show_fl_flags(__entry->l_fl_flags), show_fl_type(__entry->l_fl_type), __entry->breaker, show_fl_flags(__entry->b_fl_flags), show_fl_type(__entry->b_fl_type)) ); #endif /* _TRACE_FILELOCK_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef LINUX_KEXEC_H #define LINUX_KEXEC_H #define IND_DESTINATION_BIT 0 #define IND_INDIRECTION_BIT 1 #define IND_DONE_BIT 2 #define IND_SOURCE_BIT 3 #define IND_DESTINATION (1 << IND_DESTINATION_BIT) #define IND_INDIRECTION (1 << IND_INDIRECTION_BIT) #define IND_DONE (1 << IND_DONE_BIT) #define IND_SOURCE (1 << IND_SOURCE_BIT) #define IND_FLAGS (IND_DESTINATION | IND_INDIRECTION | IND_DONE | IND_SOURCE) #if !defined(__ASSEMBLY__) #include <linux/crash_core.h> #include <asm/io.h> #include <uapi/linux/kexec.h> #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/compat.h> #include <linux/ioport.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <asm/kexec.h> /* Verify architecture specific macros are defined */ #ifndef KEXEC_SOURCE_MEMORY_LIMIT #error KEXEC_SOURCE_MEMORY_LIMIT not defined #endif #ifndef KEXEC_DESTINATION_MEMORY_LIMIT #error KEXEC_DESTINATION_MEMORY_LIMIT not defined #endif #ifndef KEXEC_CONTROL_MEMORY_LIMIT #error KEXEC_CONTROL_MEMORY_LIMIT not defined #endif #ifndef KEXEC_CONTROL_MEMORY_GFP #define KEXEC_CONTROL_MEMORY_GFP (GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NORETRY) #endif #ifndef KEXEC_CONTROL_PAGE_SIZE #error KEXEC_CONTROL_PAGE_SIZE not defined #endif #ifndef KEXEC_ARCH #error KEXEC_ARCH not defined #endif #ifndef KEXEC_CRASH_CONTROL_MEMORY_LIMIT #define KEXEC_CRASH_CONTROL_MEMORY_LIMIT KEXEC_CONTROL_MEMORY_LIMIT #endif #ifndef KEXEC_CRASH_MEM_ALIGN #define KEXEC_CRASH_MEM_ALIGN PAGE_SIZE #endif #define KEXEC_CORE_NOTE_NAME CRASH_CORE_NOTE_NAME /* * This structure is used to hold the arguments that are used when loading * kernel binaries. */ typedef unsigned long kimage_entry_t; struct kexec_segment { /* * This pointer can point to user memory if kexec_load() system * call is used or will point to kernel memory if * kexec_file_load() system call is used. * * Use ->buf when expecting to deal with user memory and use ->kbuf * when expecting to deal with kernel memory. */ union { void __user *buf; void *kbuf; }; size_t bufsz; unsigned long mem; size_t memsz; }; #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT struct compat_kexec_segment { compat_uptr_t buf; compat_size_t bufsz; compat_ulong_t mem; /* User space sees this as a (void *) ... */ compat_size_t memsz; }; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_FILE struct purgatory_info { /* * Pointer to elf header at the beginning of kexec_purgatory. * Note: kexec_purgatory is read only */ const Elf_Ehdr *ehdr; /* * Temporary, modifiable buffer for sechdrs used for relocation. * This memory can be freed post image load. */ Elf_Shdr *sechdrs; /* * Temporary, modifiable buffer for stripped purgatory used for * relocation. This memory can be freed post image load. */ void *purgatory_buf; }; struct kimage; typedef int (kexec_probe_t)(const char *kernel_buf, unsigned long kernel_size); typedef void *(kexec_load_t)(struct kimage *image, char *kernel_buf, unsigned long kernel_len, char *initrd, unsigned long initrd_len, char *cmdline, unsigned long cmdline_len); typedef int (kexec_cleanup_t)(void *loader_data); #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_SIG typedef int (kexec_verify_sig_t)(const char *kernel_buf, unsigned long kernel_len); #endif struct kexec_file_ops { kexec_probe_t *probe; kexec_load_t *load; kexec_cleanup_t *cleanup; #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_SIG kexec_verify_sig_t *verify_sig; #endif }; extern const struct kexec_file_ops * const kexec_file_loaders[]; int kexec_image_probe_default(struct kimage *image, void *buf, unsigned long buf_len); int kexec_image_post_load_cleanup_default(struct kimage *image); /* * If kexec_buf.mem is set to this value, kexec_locate_mem_hole() * will try to allocate free memory. Arch may overwrite it. */ #ifndef KEXEC_BUF_MEM_UNKNOWN #define KEXEC_BUF_MEM_UNKNOWN 0 #endif /** * struct kexec_buf - parameters for finding a place for a buffer in memory * @image: kexec image in which memory to search. * @buffer: Contents which will be copied to the allocated memory. * @bufsz: Size of @buffer. * @mem: On return will have address of the buffer in memory. * @memsz: Size for the buffer in memory. * @buf_align: Minimum alignment needed. * @buf_min: The buffer can't be placed below this address. * @buf_max: The buffer can't be placed above this address. * @top_down: Allocate from top of memory. */ struct kexec_buf { struct kimage *image; void *buffer; unsigned long bufsz; unsigned long mem; unsigned long memsz; unsigned long buf_align; unsigned long buf_min; unsigned long buf_max; bool top_down; }; int kexec_load_purgatory(struct kimage *image, struct kexec_buf *kbuf); int kexec_purgatory_get_set_symbol(struct kimage *image, const char *name, void *buf, unsigned int size, bool get_value); void *kexec_purgatory_get_symbol_addr(struct kimage *image, const char *name); /* Architectures may override the below functions */ int arch_kexec_kernel_image_probe(struct kimage *image, void *buf, unsigned long buf_len); void *arch_kexec_kernel_image_load(struct kimage *image); int arch_kexec_apply_relocations_add(struct purgatory_info *pi, Elf_Shdr *section, const Elf_Shdr *relsec, const Elf_Shdr *symtab); int arch_kexec_apply_relocations(struct purgatory_info *pi, Elf_Shdr *section, const Elf_Shdr *relsec, const Elf_Shdr *symtab); int arch_kimage_file_post_load_cleanup(struct kimage *image); #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_SIG int arch_kexec_kernel_verify_sig(struct kimage *image, void *buf, unsigned long buf_len); #endif int arch_kexec_locate_mem_hole(struct kexec_buf *kbuf); extern int kexec_add_buffer(struct kexec_buf *kbuf); int kexec_locate_mem_hole(struct kexec_buf *kbuf); /* Alignment required for elf header segment */ #define ELF_CORE_HEADER_ALIGN 4096 struct crash_mem_range { u64 start, end; }; struct crash_mem { unsigned int max_nr_ranges; unsigned int nr_ranges; struct crash_mem_range ranges[]; }; extern int crash_exclude_mem_range(struct crash_mem *mem, unsigned long long mstart, unsigned long long mend); extern int crash_prepare_elf64_headers(struct crash_mem *mem, int kernel_map, void **addr, unsigned long *sz); #endif /* CONFIG_KEXEC_FILE */ #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_ELF struct kexec_elf_info { /* * Where the ELF binary contents are kept. * Memory managed by the user of the struct. */ const char *buffer; const struct elfhdr *ehdr; const struct elf_phdr *proghdrs; }; int kexec_build_elf_info(const char *buf, size_t len, struct elfhdr *ehdr, struct kexec_elf_info *elf_info); int kexec_elf_load(struct kimage *image, struct elfhdr *ehdr, struct kexec_elf_info *elf_info, struct kexec_buf *kbuf, unsigned long *lowest_load_addr); void kexec_free_elf_info(struct kexec_elf_info *elf_info); int kexec_elf_probe(const char *buf, unsigned long len); #endif struct kimage { kimage_entry_t head; kimage_entry_t *entry; kimage_entry_t *last_entry; unsigned long start; struct page *control_code_page; struct page *swap_page; void *vmcoreinfo_data_copy; /* locates in the crash memory */ unsigned long nr_segments; struct kexec_segment segment[KEXEC_SEGMENT_MAX]; struct list_head control_pages; struct list_head dest_pages; struct list_head unusable_pages; /* Address of next control page to allocate for crash kernels. */ unsigned long control_page; /* Flags to indicate special processing */ unsigned int type : 1; #define KEXEC_TYPE_DEFAULT 0 #define KEXEC_TYPE_CRASH 1 unsigned int preserve_context : 1; /* If set, we are using file mode kexec syscall */ unsigned int file_mode:1; #ifdef ARCH_HAS_KIMAGE_ARCH struct kimage_arch arch; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_FILE /* Additional fields for file based kexec syscall */ void *kernel_buf; unsigned long kernel_buf_len; void *initrd_buf; unsigned long initrd_buf_len; char *cmdline_buf; unsigned long cmdline_buf_len; /* File operations provided by image loader */ const struct kexec_file_ops *fops; /* Image loader handling the kernel can store a pointer here */ void *image_loader_data; /* Information for loading purgatory */ struct purgatory_info purgatory_info; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_IMA_KEXEC /* Virtual address of IMA measurement buffer for kexec syscall */ void *ima_buffer; #endif }; /* kexec interface functions */ extern void machine_kexec(struct kimage *image); extern int machine_kexec_prepare(struct kimage *image); extern void machine_kexec_cleanup(struct kimage *image); extern int kernel_kexec(void); extern struct page *kimage_alloc_control_pages(struct kimage *image, unsigned int order); extern void __crash_kexec(struct pt_regs *); extern void crash_kexec(struct pt_regs *); int kexec_should_crash(struct task_struct *); int kexec_crash_loaded(void); void crash_save_cpu(struct pt_regs *regs, int cpu); extern int kimage_crash_copy_vmcoreinfo(struct kimage *image); extern struct kimage *kexec_image; extern struct kimage *kexec_crash_image; extern int kexec_load_disabled; #ifndef kexec_flush_icache_page #define kexec_flush_icache_page(page) #endif /* List of defined/legal kexec flags */ #ifndef CONFIG_KEXEC_JUMP #define KEXEC_FLAGS KEXEC_ON_CRASH #else #define KEXEC_FLAGS (KEXEC_ON_CRASH | KEXEC_PRESERVE_CONTEXT) #endif /* List of defined/legal kexec file flags */ #define KEXEC_FILE_FLAGS (KEXEC_FILE_UNLOAD | KEXEC_FILE_ON_CRASH | \ KEXEC_FILE_NO_INITRAMFS) /* Location of a reserved region to hold the crash kernel. */ extern struct resource crashk_res; extern struct resource crashk_low_res; extern note_buf_t __percpu *crash_notes; /* flag to track if kexec reboot is in progress */ extern bool kexec_in_progress; int crash_shrink_memory(unsigned long new_size); size_t crash_get_memory_size(void); void crash_free_reserved_phys_range(unsigned long begin, unsigned long end); void arch_kexec_protect_crashkres(void); void arch_kexec_unprotect_crashkres(void); #ifndef page_to_boot_pfn static inline unsigned long page_to_boot_pfn(struct page *page) { return page_to_pfn(page); } #endif #ifndef boot_pfn_to_page static inline struct page *boot_pfn_to_page(unsigned long boot_pfn) { return pfn_to_page(boot_pfn); } #endif #ifndef phys_to_boot_phys static inline unsigned long phys_to_boot_phys(phys_addr_t phys) { return phys; } #endif #ifndef boot_phys_to_phys static inline phys_addr_t boot_phys_to_phys(unsigned long boot_phys) { return boot_phys; } #endif static inline unsigned long virt_to_boot_phys(void *addr) { return phys_to_boot_phys(__pa((unsigned long)addr)); } static inline void *boot_phys_to_virt(unsigned long entry) { return phys_to_virt(boot_phys_to_phys(entry)); } #ifndef arch_kexec_post_alloc_pages static inline int arch_kexec_post_alloc_pages(void *vaddr, unsigned int pages, gfp_t gfp) { return 0; } #endif #ifndef arch_kexec_pre_free_pages static inline void arch_kexec_pre_free_pages(void *vaddr, unsigned int pages) { } #endif #else /* !CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE */ struct pt_regs; struct task_struct; static inline void __crash_kexec(struct pt_regs *regs) { } static inline void crash_kexec(struct pt_regs *regs) { } static inline int kexec_should_crash(struct task_struct *p) { return 0; } static inline int kexec_crash_loaded(void) { return 0; } #define kexec_in_progress false #endif /* CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE */ #endif /* !defined(__ASSEBMLY__) */ #endif /* LINUX_KEXEC_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Common values for AES algorithms */ #ifndef _CRYPTO_AES_H #define _CRYPTO_AES_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/crypto.h> #define AES_MIN_KEY_SIZE 16 #define AES_MAX_KEY_SIZE 32 #define AES_KEYSIZE_128 16 #define AES_KEYSIZE_192 24 #define AES_KEYSIZE_256 32 #define AES_BLOCK_SIZE 16 #define AES_MAX_KEYLENGTH (15 * 16) #define AES_MAX_KEYLENGTH_U32 (AES_MAX_KEYLENGTH / sizeof(u32)) /* * Please ensure that the first two fields are 16-byte aligned * relative to the start of the structure, i.e., don't move them! */ struct crypto_aes_ctx { u32 key_enc[AES_MAX_KEYLENGTH_U32]; u32 key_dec[AES_MAX_KEYLENGTH_U32]; u32 key_length; }; extern const u32 crypto_ft_tab[4][256] ____cacheline_aligned; extern const u32 crypto_it_tab[4][256] ____cacheline_aligned; /* * validate key length for AES algorithms */ static inline int aes_check_keylen(unsigned int keylen) { switch (keylen) { case AES_KEYSIZE_128: case AES_KEYSIZE_192: case AES_KEYSIZE_256: break; default: return -EINVAL; } return 0; } int crypto_aes_set_key(struct crypto_tfm *tfm, const u8 *in_key, unsigned int key_len); /** * aes_expandkey - Expands the AES key as described in FIPS-197 * @ctx: The location where the computed key will be stored. * @in_key: The supplied key. * @key_len: The length of the supplied key. * * Returns 0 on success. The function fails only if an invalid key size (or * pointer) is supplied. * The expanded key size is 240 bytes (max of 14 rounds with a unique 16 bytes * key schedule plus a 16 bytes key which is used before the first round). * The decryption key is prepared for the "Equivalent Inverse Cipher" as * described in FIPS-197. The first slot (16 bytes) of each key (enc or dec) is * for the initial combination, the second slot for the first round and so on. */ int aes_expandkey(struct crypto_aes_ctx *ctx, const u8 *in_key, unsigned int key_len); /** * aes_encrypt - Encrypt a single AES block * @ctx: Context struct containing the key schedule * @out: Buffer to store the ciphertext * @in: Buffer containing the plaintext */ void aes_encrypt(const struct crypto_aes_ctx *ctx, u8 *out, const u8 *in); /** * aes_decrypt - Decrypt a single AES block * @ctx: Context struct containing the key schedule * @out: Buffer to store the plaintext * @in: Buffer containing the ciphertext */ void aes_decrypt(const struct crypto_aes_ctx *ctx, u8 *out, const u8 *in); extern const u8 crypto_aes_sbox[]; extern const u8 crypto_aes_inv_sbox[]; #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __NET_DST_METADATA_H #define __NET_DST_METADATA_H 1 #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <net/ip_tunnels.h> #include <net/dst.h> enum metadata_type { METADATA_IP_TUNNEL, METADATA_HW_PORT_MUX, }; struct hw_port_info { struct net_device *lower_dev; u32 port_id; }; struct metadata_dst { struct dst_entry dst; enum metadata_type type; union { struct ip_tunnel_info tun_info; struct hw_port_info port_info; } u; }; static inline struct metadata_dst *skb_metadata_dst(const struct sk_buff *skb) { struct metadata_dst *md_dst = (struct metadata_dst *) skb_dst(skb); if (md_dst && md_dst->dst.flags & DST_METADATA) return md_dst; return NULL; } static inline struct ip_tunnel_info * skb_tunnel_info(const struct sk_buff *skb) { struct metadata_dst *md_dst = skb_metadata_dst(skb); struct dst_entry *dst; if (md_dst && md_dst->type == METADATA_IP_TUNNEL) return &md_dst->u.tun_info; dst = skb_dst(skb); if (dst && dst->lwtstate && (dst->lwtstate->type == LWTUNNEL_ENCAP_IP || dst->lwtstate->type == LWTUNNEL_ENCAP_IP6)) return lwt_tun_info(dst->lwtstate); return NULL; } static inline bool skb_valid_dst(const struct sk_buff *skb) { struct dst_entry *dst = skb_dst(skb); return dst && !(dst->flags & DST_METADATA); } static inline int skb_metadata_dst_cmp(const struct sk_buff *skb_a, const struct sk_buff *skb_b) { const struct metadata_dst *a, *b; if (!(skb_a->_skb_refdst | skb_b->_skb_refdst)) return 0; a = (const struct metadata_dst *) skb_dst(skb_a); b = (const struct metadata_dst *) skb_dst(skb_b); if (!a != !b || a->type != b->type) return 1; switch (a->type) { case METADATA_HW_PORT_MUX: return memcmp(&a->u.port_info, &b->u.port_info, sizeof(a->u.port_info)); case METADATA_IP_TUNNEL: return memcmp(&a->u.tun_info, &b->u.tun_info, sizeof(a->u.tun_info) + a->u.tun_info.options_len); default: return 1; } } void metadata_dst_free(struct metadata_dst *); struct metadata_dst *metadata_dst_alloc(u8 optslen, enum metadata_type type, gfp_t flags); void metadata_dst_free_percpu(struct metadata_dst __percpu *md_dst); struct metadata_dst __percpu * metadata_dst_alloc_percpu(u8 optslen, enum metadata_type type, gfp_t flags); static inline struct metadata_dst *tun_rx_dst(int md_size) { struct metadata_dst *tun_dst; tun_dst = metadata_dst_alloc(md_size, METADATA_IP_TUNNEL, GFP_ATOMIC); if (!tun_dst) return NULL; tun_dst->u.tun_info.options_len = 0; tun_dst->u.tun_info.mode = 0; return tun_dst; } static inline struct metadata_dst *tun_dst_unclone(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct metadata_dst *md_dst = skb_metadata_dst(skb); int md_size; struct metadata_dst *new_md; if (!md_dst || md_dst->type != METADATA_IP_TUNNEL) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); md_size = md_dst->u.tun_info.options_len; new_md = metadata_dst_alloc(md_size, METADATA_IP_TUNNEL, GFP_ATOMIC); if (!new_md) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); memcpy(&new_md->u.tun_info, &md_dst->u.tun_info, sizeof(struct ip_tunnel_info) + md_size); skb_dst_drop(skb); dst_hold(&new_md->dst); skb_dst_set(skb, &new_md->dst); return new_md; } static inline struct ip_tunnel_info *skb_tunnel_info_unclone(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct metadata_dst *dst; dst = tun_dst_unclone(skb); if (IS_ERR(dst)) return NULL; return &dst->u.tun_info; } static inline struct metadata_dst *__ip_tun_set_dst(__be32 saddr, __be32 daddr, __u8 tos, __u8 ttl, __be16 tp_dst, __be16 flags, __be64 tunnel_id, int md_size) { struct metadata_dst *tun_dst; tun_dst = tun_rx_dst(md_size); if (!tun_dst) return NULL; ip_tunnel_key_init(&tun_dst->u.tun_info.key, saddr, daddr, tos, ttl, 0, 0, tp_dst, tunnel_id, flags); return tun_dst; } static inline struct metadata_dst *ip_tun_rx_dst(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 flags, __be64 tunnel_id, int md_size) { const struct iphdr *iph = ip_hdr(skb); return __ip_tun_set_dst(iph->saddr, iph->daddr, iph->tos, iph->ttl, 0, flags, tunnel_id, md_size); } static inline struct metadata_dst *__ipv6_tun_set_dst(const struct in6_addr *saddr, const struct in6_addr *daddr, __u8 tos, __u8 ttl, __be16 tp_dst, __be32 label, __be16 flags, __be64 tunnel_id, int md_size) { struct metadata_dst *tun_dst; struct ip_tunnel_info *info; tun_dst = tun_rx_dst(md_size); if (!tun_dst) return NULL; info = &tun_dst->u.tun_info; info->mode = IP_TUNNEL_INFO_IPV6; info->key.tun_flags = flags; info->key.tun_id = tunnel_id; info->key.tp_src = 0; info->key.tp_dst = tp_dst; info->key.u.ipv6.src = *saddr; info->key.u.ipv6.dst = *daddr; info->key.tos = tos; info->key.ttl = ttl; info->key.label = label; return tun_dst; } static inline struct metadata_dst *ipv6_tun_rx_dst(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 flags, __be64 tunnel_id, int md_size) { const struct ipv6hdr *ip6h = ipv6_hdr(skb); return __ipv6_tun_set_dst(&ip6h->saddr, &ip6h->daddr, ipv6_get_dsfield(ip6h), ip6h->hop_limit, 0, ip6_flowlabel(ip6h), flags, tunnel_id, md_size); } #endif /* __NET_DST_METADATA_H */
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SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/fs/open.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds */ #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/fdtable.h> #include <linux/fsnotify.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/tty.h> #include <linux/namei.h> #include <linux/backing-dev.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/securebits.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/fcntl.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/personality.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/falloc.h> #include <linux/fs_struct.h> #include <linux/ima.h> #include <linux/dnotify.h> #include <linux/compat.h> #include "internal.h" int do_truncate(struct dentry *dentry, loff_t length, unsigned int time_attrs, struct file *filp) { int ret; struct iattr newattrs; /* Not pretty: "inode->i_size" shouldn't really be signed. But it is. */ if (length < 0) return -EINVAL; newattrs.ia_size = length; newattrs.ia_valid = ATTR_SIZE | time_attrs; if (filp) { newattrs.ia_file = filp; newattrs.ia_valid |= ATTR_FILE; } /* Remove suid, sgid, and file capabilities on truncate too */ ret = dentry_needs_remove_privs(dentry); if (ret < 0) return ret; if (ret) newattrs.ia_valid |= ret | ATTR_FORCE; inode_lock(dentry->d_inode); /* Note any delegations or leases have already been broken: */ ret = notify_change(dentry, &newattrs, NULL); inode_unlock(dentry->d_inode); return ret; } long vfs_truncate(const struct path *path, loff_t length) { struct inode *inode; long error; inode = path->dentry->d_inode; /* For directories it's -EISDIR, for other non-regulars - -EINVAL */ if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) return -EISDIR; if (!S_ISREG(inode->i_mode)) return -EINVAL; error = mnt_want_write(path->mnt); if (error) goto out; error = inode_permission(inode, MAY_WRITE); if (error) goto mnt_drop_write_and_out; error = -EPERM; if (IS_APPEND(inode)) goto mnt_drop_write_and_out; error = get_write_access(inode); if (error) goto mnt_drop_write_and_out; /* * Make sure that there are no leases. get_write_access() protects * against the truncate racing with a lease-granting setlease(). */ error = break_lease(inode, O_WRONLY); if (error) goto put_write_and_out; error = locks_verify_truncate(inode, NULL, length); if (!error) error = security_path_truncate(path); if (!error) error = do_truncate(path->dentry, length, 0, NULL); put_write_and_out: put_write_access(inode); mnt_drop_write_and_out: mnt_drop_write(path->mnt); out: return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfs_truncate); long do_sys_truncate(const char __user *pathname, loff_t length) { unsigned int lookup_flags = LOOKUP_FOLLOW; struct path path; int error; if (length < 0) /* sorry, but loff_t says... */ return -EINVAL; retry: error = user_path_at(AT_FDCWD, pathname, lookup_flags, &path); if (!error) { error = vfs_truncate(&path, length); path_put(&path); } if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(truncate, const char __user *, path, long, length) { return do_sys_truncate(path, length); } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE2(truncate, const char __user *, path, compat_off_t, length) { return do_sys_truncate(path, length); } #endif long do_sys_ftruncate(unsigned int fd, loff_t length, int small) { struct inode *inode; struct dentry *dentry; struct fd f; int error; error = -EINVAL; if (length < 0) goto out; error = -EBADF; f = fdget(fd); if (!f.file) goto out; /* explicitly opened as large or we are on 64-bit box */ if (f.file->f_flags & O_LARGEFILE) small = 0; dentry = f.file->f_path.dentry; inode = dentry->d_inode; error = -EINVAL; if (!S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) || !(f.file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE)) goto out_putf; error = -EINVAL; /* Cannot ftruncate over 2^31 bytes without large file support */ if (small && length > MAX_NON_LFS) goto out_putf; error = -EPERM; /* Check IS_APPEND on real upper inode */ if (IS_APPEND(file_inode(f.file))) goto out_putf; sb_start_write(inode->i_sb); error = locks_verify_truncate(inode, f.file, length); if (!error) error = security_path_truncate(&f.file->f_path); if (!error) error = do_truncate(dentry, length, ATTR_MTIME|ATTR_CTIME, f.file); sb_end_write(inode->i_sb); out_putf: fdput(f); out: return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(ftruncate, unsigned int, fd, unsigned long, length) { return do_sys_ftruncate(fd, length, 1); } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE2(ftruncate, unsigned int, fd, compat_ulong_t, length) { return do_sys_ftruncate(fd, length, 1); } #endif /* LFS versions of truncate are only needed on 32 bit machines */ #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 SYSCALL_DEFINE2(truncate64, const char __user *, path, loff_t, length) { return do_sys_truncate(path, length); } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(ftruncate64, unsigned int, fd, loff_t, length) { return do_sys_ftruncate(fd, length, 0); } #endif /* BITS_PER_LONG == 32 */ int vfs_fallocate(struct file *file, int mode, loff_t offset, loff_t len) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(file); long ret; if (offset < 0 || len <= 0) return -EINVAL; /* Return error if mode is not supported */ if (mode & ~FALLOC_FL_SUPPORTED_MASK) return -EOPNOTSUPP; /* Punch hole and zero range are mutually exclusive */ if ((mode & (FALLOC_FL_PUNCH_HOLE | FALLOC_FL_ZERO_RANGE)) == (FALLOC_FL_PUNCH_HOLE | FALLOC_FL_ZERO_RANGE)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; /* Punch hole must have keep size set */ if ((mode & FALLOC_FL_PUNCH_HOLE) && !(mode & FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; /* Collapse range should only be used exclusively. */ if ((mode & FALLOC_FL_COLLAPSE_RANGE) && (mode & ~FALLOC_FL_COLLAPSE_RANGE)) return -EINVAL; /* Insert range should only be used exclusively. */ if ((mode & FALLOC_FL_INSERT_RANGE) && (mode & ~FALLOC_FL_INSERT_RANGE)) return -EINVAL; /* Unshare range should only be used with allocate mode. */ if ((mode & FALLOC_FL_UNSHARE_RANGE) && (mode & ~(FALLOC_FL_UNSHARE_RANGE | FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE))) return -EINVAL; if (!(file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE)) return -EBADF; /* * We can only allow pure fallocate on append only files */ if ((mode & ~FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE) && IS_APPEND(inode)) return -EPERM; if (IS_IMMUTABLE(inode)) return -EPERM; /* * We cannot allow any fallocate operation on an active swapfile */ if (IS_SWAPFILE(inode)) return -ETXTBSY; /* * Revalidate the write permissions, in case security policy has * changed since the files were opened. */ ret = security_file_permission(file, MAY_WRITE); if (ret) return ret; if (S_ISFIFO(inode->i_mode)) return -ESPIPE; if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) return -EISDIR; if (!S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) && !S_ISBLK(inode->i_mode)) return -ENODEV; /* Check for wrap through zero too */ if (((offset + len) > inode->i_sb->s_maxbytes) || ((offset + len) < 0)) return -EFBIG; if (!file->f_op->fallocate) return -EOPNOTSUPP; file_start_write(file); ret = file->f_op->fallocate(file, mode, offset, len); /* * Create inotify and fanotify events. * * To keep the logic simple always create events if fallocate succeeds. * This implies that events are even created if the file size remains * unchanged, e.g. when using flag FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE. */ if (ret == 0) fsnotify_modify(file); file_end_write(file); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfs_fallocate); int ksys_fallocate(int fd, int mode, loff_t offset, loff_t len) { struct fd f = fdget(fd); int error = -EBADF; if (f.file) { error = vfs_fallocate(f.file, mode, offset, len); fdput(f); } return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE4(fallocate, int, fd, int, mode, loff_t, offset, loff_t, len) { return ksys_fallocate(fd, mode, offset, len); } /* * access() needs to use the real uid/gid, not the effective uid/gid. * We do this by temporarily clearing all FS-related capabilities and * switching the fsuid/fsgid around to the real ones. */ static const struct cred *access_override_creds(void) { const struct cred *old_cred; struct cred *override_cred; override_cred = prepare_creds(); if (!override_cred) return NULL; override_cred->fsuid = override_cred->uid; override_cred->fsgid = override_cred->gid; if (!issecure(SECURE_NO_SETUID_FIXUP)) { /* Clear the capabilities if we switch to a non-root user */ kuid_t root_uid = make_kuid(override_cred->user_ns, 0); if (!uid_eq(override_cred->uid, root_uid)) cap_clear(override_cred->cap_effective); else override_cred->cap_effective = override_cred->cap_permitted; } /* * The new set of credentials can *only* be used in * task-synchronous circumstances, and does not need * RCU freeing, unless somebody then takes a separate * reference to it. * * NOTE! This is _only_ true because this credential * is used purely for override_creds() that installs * it as the subjective cred. Other threads will be * accessing ->real_cred, not the subjective cred. * * If somebody _does_ make a copy of this (using the * 'get_current_cred()' function), that will clear the * non_rcu field, because now that other user may be * expecting RCU freeing. But normal thread-synchronous * cred accesses will keep things non-RCY. */ override_cred->non_rcu = 1; old_cred = override_creds(override_cred); /* override_cred() gets its own ref */ put_cred(override_cred); return old_cred; } static long do_faccessat(int dfd, const char __user *filename, int mode, int flags) { struct path path; struct inode *inode; int res; unsigned int lookup_flags = LOOKUP_FOLLOW; const struct cred *old_cred = NULL; if (mode & ~S_IRWXO) /* where's F_OK, X_OK, W_OK, R_OK? */ return -EINVAL; if (flags & ~(AT_EACCESS | AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW | AT_EMPTY_PATH)) return -EINVAL; if (flags & AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW) lookup_flags &= ~LOOKUP_FOLLOW; if (flags & AT_EMPTY_PATH) lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_EMPTY; if (!(flags & AT_EACCESS)) { old_cred = access_override_creds(); if (!old_cred) return -ENOMEM; } retry: res = user_path_at(dfd, filename, lookup_flags, &path); if (res) goto out; inode = d_backing_inode(path.dentry); if ((mode & MAY_EXEC) && S_ISREG(inode->i_mode)) { /* * MAY_EXEC on regular files is denied if the fs is mounted * with the "noexec" flag. */ res = -EACCES; if (path_noexec(&path)) goto out_path_release; } res = inode_permission(inode, mode | MAY_ACCESS); /* SuS v2 requires we report a read only fs too */ if (res || !(mode & S_IWOTH) || special_file(inode->i_mode)) goto out_path_release; /* * This is a rare case where using __mnt_is_readonly() * is OK without a mnt_want/drop_write() pair. Since * no actual write to the fs is performed here, we do * not need to telegraph to that to anyone. * * By doing this, we accept that this access is * inherently racy and know that the fs may change * state before we even see this result. */ if (__mnt_is_readonly(path.mnt)) res = -EROFS; out_path_release: path_put(&path); if (retry_estale(res, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } out: if (old_cred) revert_creds(old_cred); return res; } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(faccessat, int, dfd, const char __user *, filename, int, mode) { return do_faccessat(dfd, filename, mode, 0); } SYSCALL_DEFINE4(faccessat2, int, dfd, const char __user *, filename, int, mode, int, flags) { return do_faccessat(dfd, filename, mode, flags); } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(access, const char __user *, filename, int, mode) { return do_faccessat(AT_FDCWD, filename, mode, 0); } SYSCALL_DEFINE1(chdir, const char __user *, filename) { struct path path; int error; unsigned int lookup_flags = LOOKUP_FOLLOW | LOOKUP_DIRECTORY; retry: error = user_path_at(AT_FDCWD, filename, lookup_flags, &path); if (error) goto out; error = inode_permission(path.dentry->d_inode, MAY_EXEC | MAY_CHDIR); if (error) goto dput_and_out; set_fs_pwd(current->fs, &path); dput_and_out: path_put(&path); if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } out: return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE1(fchdir, unsigned int, fd) { struct fd f = fdget_raw(fd); int error; error = -EBADF; if (!f.file) goto out; error = -ENOTDIR; if (!d_can_lookup(f.file->f_path.dentry)) goto out_putf; error = inode_permission(file_inode(f.file), MAY_EXEC | MAY_CHDIR); if (!error) set_fs_pwd(current->fs, &f.file->f_path); out_putf: fdput(f); out: return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE1(chroot, const char __user *, filename) { struct path path; int error; unsigned int lookup_flags = LOOKUP_FOLLOW | LOOKUP_DIRECTORY; retry: error = user_path_at(AT_FDCWD, filename, lookup_flags, &path); if (error) goto out; error = inode_permission(path.dentry->d_inode, MAY_EXEC | MAY_CHDIR); if (error) goto dput_and_out; error = -EPERM; if (!ns_capable(current_user_ns(), CAP_SYS_CHROOT)) goto dput_and_out; error = security_path_chroot(&path); if (error) goto dput_and_out; set_fs_root(current->fs, &path); error = 0; dput_and_out: path_put(&path); if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } out: return error; } int chmod_common(const struct path *path, umode_t mode) { struct inode *inode = path->dentry->d_inode; struct inode *delegated_inode = NULL; struct iattr newattrs; int error; error = mnt_want_write(path->mnt); if (error) return error; retry_deleg: inode_lock(inode); error = security_path_chmod(path, mode); if (error) goto out_unlock; newattrs.ia_mode = (mode & S_IALLUGO) | (inode->i_mode & ~S_IALLUGO); newattrs.ia_valid = ATTR_MODE | ATTR_CTIME; error = notify_change(path->dentry, &newattrs, &delegated_inode); out_unlock: inode_unlock(inode); if (delegated_inode) { error = break_deleg_wait(&delegated_inode); if (!error) goto retry_deleg; } mnt_drop_write(path->mnt); return error; } int vfs_fchmod(struct file *file, umode_t mode) { audit_file(file); return chmod_common(&file->f_path, mode); } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(fchmod, unsigned int, fd, umode_t, mode) { struct fd f = fdget(fd); int err = -EBADF; if (f.file) { err = vfs_fchmod(f.file, mode); fdput(f); } return err; } static int do_fchmodat(int dfd, const char __user *filename, umode_t mode) { struct path path; int error; unsigned int lookup_flags = LOOKUP_FOLLOW; retry: error = user_path_at(dfd, filename, lookup_flags, &path); if (!error) { error = chmod_common(&path, mode); path_put(&path); if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } } return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(fchmodat, int, dfd, const char __user *, filename, umode_t, mode) { return do_fchmodat(dfd, filename, mode); } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(chmod, const char __user *, filename, umode_t, mode) { return do_fchmodat(AT_FDCWD, filename, mode); } int chown_common(const struct path *path, uid_t user, gid_t group) { struct inode *inode = path->dentry->d_inode; struct inode *delegated_inode = NULL; int error; struct iattr newattrs; kuid_t uid; kgid_t gid; uid = make_kuid(current_user_ns(), user); gid = make_kgid(current_user_ns(), group); retry_deleg: newattrs.ia_valid = ATTR_CTIME; if (user != (uid_t) -1) { if (!uid_valid(uid)) return -EINVAL; newattrs.ia_valid |= ATTR_UID; newattrs.ia_uid = uid; } if (group != (gid_t) -1) { if (!gid_valid(gid)) return -EINVAL; newattrs.ia_valid |= ATTR_GID; newattrs.ia_gid = gid; } if (!S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) newattrs.ia_valid |= ATTR_KILL_SUID | ATTR_KILL_SGID | ATTR_KILL_PRIV; inode_lock(inode); error = security_path_chown(path, uid, gid); if (!error) error = notify_change(path->dentry, &newattrs, &delegated_inode); inode_unlock(inode); if (delegated_inode) { error = break_deleg_wait(&delegated_inode); if (!error) goto retry_deleg; } return error; } int do_fchownat(int dfd, const char __user *filename, uid_t user, gid_t group, int flag) { struct path path; int error = -EINVAL; int lookup_flags; if ((flag & ~(AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW | AT_EMPTY_PATH)) != 0) goto out; lookup_flags = (flag & AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW) ? 0 : LOOKUP_FOLLOW; if (flag & AT_EMPTY_PATH) lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_EMPTY; retry: error = user_path_at(dfd, filename, lookup_flags, &path); if (error) goto out; error = mnt_want_write(path.mnt); if (error) goto out_release; error = chown_common(&path, user, group); mnt_drop_write(path.mnt); out_release: path_put(&path); if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } out: return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE5(fchownat, int, dfd, const char __user *, filename, uid_t, user, gid_t, group, int, flag) { return do_fchownat(dfd, filename, user, group, flag); } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(chown, const char __user *, filename, uid_t, user, gid_t, group) { return do_fchownat(AT_FDCWD, filename, user, group, 0); } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(lchown, const char __user *, filename, uid_t, user, gid_t, group) { return do_fchownat(AT_FDCWD, filename, user, group, AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW); } int vfs_fchown(struct file *file, uid_t user, gid_t group) { int error; error = mnt_want_write_file(file); if (error) return error; audit_file(file); error = chown_common(&file->f_path, user, group); mnt_drop_write_file(file); return error; } int ksys_fchown(unsigned int fd, uid_t user, gid_t group) { struct fd f = fdget(fd); int error = -EBADF; if (f.file) { error = vfs_fchown(f.file, user, group); fdput(f); } return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(fchown, unsigned int, fd, uid_t, user, gid_t, group) { return ksys_fchown(fd, user, group); } static int do_dentry_open(struct file *f, struct inode *inode, int (*open)(struct inode *, struct file *)) { static const struct file_operations empty_fops = {}; int error; path_get(&f->f_path); f->f_inode = inode; f->f_mapping = inode->i_mapping; f->f_wb_err = filemap_sample_wb_err(f->f_mapping); f->f_sb_err = file_sample_sb_err(f); if (unlikely(f->f_flags & O_PATH)) { f->f_mode = FMODE_PATH | FMODE_OPENED; f->f_op = &empty_fops; return 0; } if (f->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE && !special_file(inode->i_mode)) { error = get_write_access(inode); if (unlikely(error)) goto cleanup_file; error = __mnt_want_write(f->f_path.mnt); if (unlikely(error)) { put_write_access(inode); goto cleanup_file; } f->f_mode |= FMODE_WRITER; } /* POSIX.1-2008/SUSv4 Section XSI 2.9.7 */ if (S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) || S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) f->f_mode |= FMODE_ATOMIC_POS; f->f_op = fops_get(inode->i_fop); if (WARN_ON(!f->f_op)) { error = -ENODEV; goto cleanup_all; } error = security_file_open(f); if (error) goto cleanup_all; error = break_lease(locks_inode(f), f->f_flags); if (error) goto cleanup_all; /* normally all 3 are set; ->open() can clear them if needed */ f->f_mode |= FMODE_LSEEK | FMODE_PREAD | FMODE_PWRITE; if (!open) open = f->f_op->open; if (open) { error = open(inode, f); if (error) goto cleanup_all; } f->f_mode |= FMODE_OPENED; if ((f->f_mode & (FMODE_READ | FMODE_WRITE)) == FMODE_READ) i_readcount_inc(inode); if ((f->f_mode & FMODE_READ) && likely(f->f_op->read || f->f_op->read_iter)) f->f_mode |= FMODE_CAN_READ; if ((f->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE) && likely(f->f_op->write || f->f_op->write_iter)) f->f_mode |= FMODE_CAN_WRITE; f->f_write_hint = WRITE_LIFE_NOT_SET; f->f_flags &= ~(O_CREAT | O_EXCL | O_NOCTTY | O_TRUNC); file_ra_state_init(&f->f_ra, f->f_mapping->host->i_mapping); /* NB: we're sure to have correct a_ops only after f_op->open */ if (f->f_flags & O_DIRECT) { if (!f->f_mapping->a_ops || !f->f_mapping->a_ops->direct_IO) return -EINVAL; } /* * XXX: Huge page cache doesn't support writing yet. Drop all page * cache for this file before processing writes. */ if ((f->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE) && filemap_nr_thps(inode->i_mapping)) truncate_pagecache(inode, 0); return 0; cleanup_all: if (WARN_ON_ONCE(error > 0)) error = -EINVAL; fops_put(f->f_op); if (f->f_mode & FMODE_WRITER) { put_write_access(inode); __mnt_drop_write(f->f_path.mnt); } cleanup_file: path_put(&f->f_path); f->f_path.mnt = NULL; f->f_path.dentry = NULL; f->f_inode = NULL; return error; } /** * finish_open - finish opening a file * @file: file pointer * @dentry: pointer to dentry * @open: open callback * @opened: state of open * * This can be used to finish opening a file passed to i_op->atomic_open(). * * If the open callback is set to NULL, then the standard f_op->open() * filesystem callback is substituted. * * NB: the dentry reference is _not_ consumed. If, for example, the dentry is * the return value of d_splice_alias(), then the caller needs to perform dput() * on it after finish_open(). * * Returns zero on success or -errno if the open failed. */ int finish_open(struct file *file, struct dentry *dentry, int (*open)(struct inode *, struct file *)) { BUG_ON(file->f_mode & FMODE_OPENED); /* once it's opened, it's opened */ file->f_path.dentry = dentry; return do_dentry_open(file, d_backing_inode(dentry), open); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(finish_open); /** * finish_no_open - finish ->atomic_open() without opening the file * * @file: file pointer * @dentry: dentry or NULL (as returned from ->lookup()) * * This can be used to set the result of a successful lookup in ->atomic_open(). * * NB: unlike finish_open() this function does consume the dentry reference and * the caller need not dput() it. * * Returns "0" which must be the return value of ->atomic_open() after having * called this function. */ int finish_no_open(struct file *file, struct dentry *dentry) { file->f_path.dentry = dentry; return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(finish_no_open); char *file_path(struct file *filp, char *buf, int buflen) { return d_path(&filp->f_path, buf, buflen); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(file_path); /** * vfs_open - open the file at the given path * @path: path to open * @file: newly allocated file with f_flag initialized * @cred: credentials to use */ int vfs_open(const struct path *path, struct file *file) { file->f_path = *path; return do_dentry_open(file, d_backing_inode(path->dentry), NULL); } struct file *dentry_open(const struct path *path, int flags, const struct cred *cred) { int error; struct file *f; validate_creds(cred); /* We must always pass in a valid mount pointer. */ BUG_ON(!path->mnt); f = alloc_empty_file(flags, cred); if (!IS_ERR(f)) { error = vfs_open(path, f); if (error) { fput(f); f = ERR_PTR(error); } } return f; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(dentry_open); struct file *open_with_fake_path(const struct path *path, int flags, struct inode *inode, const struct cred *cred) { struct file *f = alloc_empty_file_noaccount(flags, cred); if (!IS_ERR(f)) { int error; f->f_path = *path; error = do_dentry_open(f, inode, NULL); if (error) { fput(f); f = ERR_PTR(error); } } return f; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(open_with_fake_path); #define WILL_CREATE(flags) (flags & (O_CREAT | __O_TMPFILE)) #define O_PATH_FLAGS (O_DIRECTORY | O_NOFOLLOW | O_PATH | O_CLOEXEC) inline struct open_how build_open_how(int flags, umode_t mode) { struct open_how how = { .flags = flags & VALID_OPEN_FLAGS, .mode = mode & S_IALLUGO, }; /* O_PATH beats everything else. */ if (how.flags & O_PATH) how.flags &= O_PATH_FLAGS; /* Modes should only be set for create-like flags. */ if (!WILL_CREATE(how.flags)) how.mode = 0; return how; } inline int build_open_flags(const struct open_how *how, struct open_flags *op) { u64 flags = how->flags; u64 strip = FMODE_NONOTIFY | O_CLOEXEC; int lookup_flags = 0; int acc_mode = ACC_MODE(flags); BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG(upper_32_bits(VALID_OPEN_FLAGS), "struct open_flags doesn't yet handle flags > 32 bits"); /* * Strip flags that either shouldn't be set by userspace like * FMODE_NONOTIFY or that aren't relevant in determining struct * open_flags like O_CLOEXEC. */ flags &= ~strip; /* * Older syscalls implicitly clear all of the invalid flags or argument * values before calling build_open_flags(), but openat2(2) checks all * of its arguments. */ if (flags & ~VALID_OPEN_FLAGS) return -EINVAL; if (how->resolve & ~VALID_RESOLVE_FLAGS) return -EINVAL; /* Scoping flags are mutually exclusive. */ if ((how->resolve & RESOLVE_BENEATH) && (how->resolve & RESOLVE_IN_ROOT)) return -EINVAL; /* Deal with the mode. */ if (WILL_CREATE(flags)) { if (how->mode & ~S_IALLUGO) return -EINVAL; op->mode = how->mode | S_IFREG; } else { if (how->mode != 0) return -EINVAL; op->mode = 0; } /* * In order to ensure programs get explicit errors when trying to use * O_TMPFILE on old kernels, O_TMPFILE is implemented such that it * looks like (O_DIRECTORY|O_RDWR & ~O_CREAT) to old kernels. But we * have to require userspace to explicitly set it. */ if (flags & __O_TMPFILE) { if ((flags & O_TMPFILE_MASK) != O_TMPFILE) return -EINVAL; if (!(acc_mode & MAY_WRITE)) return -EINVAL; } if (flags & O_PATH) { /* O_PATH only permits certain other flags to be set. */ if (flags & ~O_PATH_FLAGS) return -EINVAL; acc_mode = 0; } /* * O_SYNC is implemented as __O_SYNC|O_DSYNC. As many places only * check for O_DSYNC if the need any syncing at all we enforce it's * always set instead of having to deal with possibly weird behaviour * for malicious applications setting only __O_SYNC. */ if (flags & __O_SYNC) flags |= O_DSYNC; op->open_flag = flags; /* O_TRUNC implies we need access checks for write permissions */ if (flags & O_TRUNC) acc_mode |= MAY_WRITE; /* Allow the LSM permission hook to distinguish append access from general write access. */ if (flags & O_APPEND) acc_mode |= MAY_APPEND; op->acc_mode = acc_mode; op->intent = flags & O_PATH ? 0 : LOOKUP_OPEN; if (flags & O_CREAT) { op->intent |= LOOKUP_CREATE; if (flags & O_EXCL) { op->intent |= LOOKUP_EXCL; flags |= O_NOFOLLOW; } } if (flags & O_DIRECTORY) lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_DIRECTORY; if (!(flags & O_NOFOLLOW)) lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_FOLLOW; if (how->resolve & RESOLVE_NO_XDEV) lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_NO_XDEV; if (how->resolve & RESOLVE_NO_MAGICLINKS) lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_NO_MAGICLINKS; if (how->resolve & RESOLVE_NO_SYMLINKS) lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_NO_SYMLINKS; if (how->resolve & RESOLVE_BENEATH) lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_BENEATH; if (how->resolve & RESOLVE_IN_ROOT) lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_IN_ROOT; op->lookup_flags = lookup_flags; return 0; } /** * file_open_name - open file and return file pointer * * @name: struct filename containing path to open * @flags: open flags as per the open(2) second argument * @mode: mode for the new file if O_CREAT is set, else ignored * * This is the helper to open a file from kernelspace if you really * have to. But in generally you should not do this, so please move * along, nothing to see here.. */ struct file *file_open_name(struct filename *name, int flags, umode_t mode) { struct open_flags op; struct open_how how = build_open_how(flags, mode); int err = build_open_flags(&how, &op); if (err) return ERR_PTR(err); return do_filp_open(AT_FDCWD, name, &op); } /** * filp_open - open file and return file pointer * * @filename: path to open * @flags: open flags as per the open(2) second argument * @mode: mode for the new file if O_CREAT is set, else ignored * * This is the helper to open a file from kernelspace if you really * have to. But in generally you should not do this, so please move * along, nothing to see here.. */ struct file *filp_open(const char *filename, int flags, umode_t mode) { struct filename *name = getname_kernel(filename); struct file *file = ERR_CAST(name); if (!IS_ERR(name)) { file = file_open_name(name, flags, mode); putname(name); } return file; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(filp_open); struct file *file_open_root(struct dentry *dentry, struct vfsmount *mnt, const char *filename, int flags, umode_t mode) { struct open_flags op; struct open_how how = build_open_how(flags, mode); int err = build_open_flags(&how, &op); if (err) return ERR_PTR(err); return do_file_open_root(dentry, mnt, filename, &op); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(file_open_root); static long do_sys_openat2(int dfd, const char __user *filename, struct open_how *how) { struct open_flags op; int fd = build_open_flags(how, &op); struct filename *tmp; if (fd) return fd; tmp = getname(filename); if (IS_ERR(tmp)) return PTR_ERR(tmp); fd = get_unused_fd_flags(how->flags); if (fd >= 0) { struct file *f = do_filp_open(dfd, tmp, &op); if (IS_ERR(f)) { put_unused_fd(fd); fd = PTR_ERR(f); } else { fsnotify_open(f); fd_install(fd, f); } } putname(tmp); return fd; } long do_sys_open(int dfd, const char __user *filename, int flags, umode_t mode) { struct open_how how = build_open_how(flags, mode); return do_sys_openat2(dfd, filename, &how); } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(open, const char __user *, filename, int, flags, umode_t, mode) { if (force_o_largefile()) flags |= O_LARGEFILE; return do_sys_open(AT_FDCWD, filename, flags, mode); } SYSCALL_DEFINE4(openat, int, dfd, const char __user *, filename, int, flags, umode_t, mode) { if (force_o_largefile()) flags |= O_LARGEFILE; return do_sys_open(dfd, filename, flags, mode); } SYSCALL_DEFINE4(openat2, int, dfd, const char __user *, filename, struct open_how __user *, how, size_t, usize) { int err; struct open_how tmp; BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct open_how) < OPEN_HOW_SIZE_VER0); BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct open_how) != OPEN_HOW_SIZE_LATEST); if (unlikely(usize < OPEN_HOW_SIZE_VER0)) return -EINVAL; err = copy_struct_from_user(&tmp, sizeof(tmp), how, usize); if (err) return err; /* O_LARGEFILE is only allowed for non-O_PATH. */ if (!(tmp.flags & O_PATH) && force_o_largefile()) tmp.flags |= O_LARGEFILE; return do_sys_openat2(dfd, filename, &tmp); } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT /* * Exactly like sys_open(), except that it doesn't set the * O_LARGEFILE flag. */ COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE3(open, const char __user *, filename, int, flags, umode_t, mode) { return do_sys_open(AT_FDCWD, filename, flags, mode); } /* * Exactly like sys_openat(), except that it doesn't set the * O_LARGEFILE flag. */ COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE4(openat, int, dfd, const char __user *, filename, int, flags, umode_t, mode) { return do_sys_open(dfd, filename, flags, mode); } #endif #ifndef __alpha__ /* * For backward compatibility? Maybe this should be moved * into arch/i386 instead? */ SYSCALL_DEFINE2(creat, const char __user *, pathname, umode_t, mode) { int flags = O_CREAT | O_WRONLY | O_TRUNC; if (force_o_largefile()) flags |= O_LARGEFILE; return do_sys_open(AT_FDCWD, pathname, flags, mode); } #endif /* * "id" is the POSIX thread ID. We use the * files pointer for this.. */ int filp_close(struct file *filp, fl_owner_t id) { int retval = 0; if (!file_count(filp)) { printk(KERN_ERR "VFS: Close: file count is 0\n"); return 0; } if (filp->f_op->flush) retval = filp->f_op->flush(filp, id); if (likely(!(filp->f_mode & FMODE_PATH))) { dnotify_flush(filp, id); locks_remove_posix(filp, id); } fput(filp); return retval; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(filp_close); /* * Careful here! We test whether the file pointer is NULL before * releasing the fd. This ensures that one clone task can't release * an fd while another clone is opening it. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE1(close, unsigned int, fd) { int retval = __close_fd(current->files, fd); /* can't restart close syscall because file table entry was cleared */ if (unlikely(retval == -ERESTARTSYS || retval == -ERESTARTNOINTR || retval == -ERESTARTNOHAND || retval == -ERESTART_RESTARTBLOCK)) retval = -EINTR; return retval; } /** * close_range() - Close all file descriptors in a given range. * * @fd: starting file descriptor to close * @max_fd: last file descriptor to close * @flags: reserved for future extensions * * This closes a range of file descriptors. All file descriptors * from @fd up to and including @max_fd are closed. * Currently, errors to close a given file descriptor are ignored. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE3(close_range, unsigned int, fd, unsigned int, max_fd, unsigned int, flags) { return __close_range(fd, max_fd, flags); } /* * This routine simulates a hangup on the tty, to arrange that users * are given clean terminals at login time. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE0(vhangup) { if (capable(CAP_SYS_TTY_CONFIG)) { tty_vhangup_self(); return 0; } return -EPERM; } /* * Called when an inode is about to be open. * We use this to disallow opening large files on 32bit systems if * the caller didn't specify O_LARGEFILE. On 64bit systems we force * on this flag in sys_open. */ int generic_file_open(struct inode * inode, struct file * filp) { if (!(filp->f_flags & O_LARGEFILE) && i_size_read(inode) > MAX_NON_LFS) return -EOVERFLOW; return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_file_open); /* * This is used by subsystems that don't want seekable * file descriptors. The function is not supposed to ever fail, the only * reason it returns an 'int' and not 'void' is so that it can be plugged * directly into file_operations structure. */ int nonseekable_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp) { filp->f_mode &= ~(FMODE_LSEEK | FMODE_PREAD | FMODE_PWRITE); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(nonseekable_open); /* * stream_open is used by subsystems that want stream-like file descriptors. * Such file descriptors are not seekable and don't have notion of position * (file.f_pos is always 0 and ppos passed to .read()/.write() is always NULL). * Contrary to file descriptors of other regular files, .read() and .write() * can run simultaneously. * * stream_open never fails and is marked to return int so that it could be * directly used as file_operations.open . */ int stream_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp) { filp->f_mode &= ~(FMODE_LSEEK | FMODE_PREAD | FMODE_PWRITE | FMODE_ATOMIC_POS); filp->f_mode |= FMODE_STREAM; return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(stream_open);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Released under the GPLv2 only. */ #include <linux/pm.h> #include <linux/acpi.h> struct usb_hub_descriptor; struct usb_dev_state; /* Functions local to drivers/usb/core/ */ extern int usb_create_sysfs_dev_files(struct usb_device *dev); extern void usb_remove_sysfs_dev_files(struct usb_device *dev); extern void usb_create_sysfs_intf_files(struct usb_interface *intf); extern void usb_remove_sysfs_intf_files(struct usb_interface *intf); extern int usb_create_ep_devs(struct device *parent, struct usb_host_endpoint *endpoint, struct usb_device *udev); extern void usb_remove_ep_devs(struct usb_host_endpoint *endpoint); extern void usb_enable_endpoint(struct usb_device *dev, struct usb_host_endpoint *ep, bool reset_toggle); extern void usb_enable_interface(struct usb_device *dev, struct usb_interface *intf, bool reset_toggles); extern void usb_disable_endpoint(struct usb_device *dev, unsigned int epaddr, bool reset_hardware); extern void usb_disable_interface(struct usb_device *dev, struct usb_interface *intf, bool reset_hardware); extern void usb_release_interface_cache(struct kref *ref); extern void usb_disable_device(struct usb_device *dev, int skip_ep0); extern int usb_deauthorize_device(struct usb_device *); extern int usb_authorize_device(struct usb_device *); extern void usb_deauthorize_interface(struct usb_interface *); extern void usb_authorize_interface(struct usb_interface *); extern void usb_detect_quirks(struct usb_device *udev); extern void usb_detect_interface_quirks(struct usb_device *udev); extern void usb_release_quirk_list(void); extern bool usb_endpoint_is_ignored(struct usb_device *udev, struct usb_host_interface *intf, struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd); extern int usb_remove_device(struct usb_device *udev); extern int usb_get_device_descriptor(struct usb_device *dev, unsigned int size); extern int usb_set_isoch_delay(struct usb_device *dev); extern int usb_get_bos_descriptor(struct usb_device *dev); extern void usb_release_bos_descriptor(struct usb_device *dev); extern char *usb_cache_string(struct usb_device *udev, int index); extern int usb_set_configuration(struct usb_device *dev, int configuration); extern int usb_choose_configuration(struct usb_device *udev); extern int usb_generic_driver_probe(struct usb_device *udev); extern void usb_generic_driver_disconnect(struct usb_device *udev); extern int usb_generic_driver_suspend(struct usb_device *udev, pm_message_t msg); extern int usb_generic_driver_resume(struct usb_device *udev, pm_message_t msg); static inline unsigned usb_get_max_power(struct usb_device *udev, struct usb_host_config *c) { /* SuperSpeed power is in 8 mA units; others are in 2 mA units */ unsigned mul = (udev->speed >= USB_SPEED_SUPER ? 8 : 2); return c->desc.bMaxPower * mul; } extern void usb_kick_hub_wq(struct usb_device *dev); extern int usb_match_one_id_intf(struct usb_device *dev, struct usb_host_interface *intf, const struct usb_device_id *id); extern int usb_match_device(struct usb_device *dev, const struct usb_device_id *id); extern const struct usb_device_id *usb_device_match_id(struct usb_device *udev, const struct usb_device_id *id); extern bool usb_driver_applicable(struct usb_device *udev, struct usb_device_driver *udrv); extern void usb_forced_unbind_intf(struct usb_interface *intf); extern void usb_unbind_and_rebind_marked_interfaces(struct usb_device *udev); extern void usb_hub_release_all_ports(struct usb_device *hdev, struct usb_dev_state *owner); extern bool usb_device_is_owned(struct usb_device *udev); extern int usb_hub_init(void); extern void usb_hub_cleanup(void); extern int usb_major_init(void); extern void usb_major_cleanup(void); extern int usb_device_supports_lpm(struct usb_device *udev); extern int usb_port_disable(struct usb_device *udev); #ifdef CONFIG_PM extern int usb_suspend(struct device *dev, pm_message_t msg); extern int usb_resume(struct device *dev, pm_message_t msg); extern int usb_resume_complete(struct device *dev); extern int usb_port_suspend(struct usb_device *dev, pm_message_t msg); extern int usb_port_resume(struct usb_device *dev, pm_message_t msg); extern void usb_autosuspend_device(struct usb_device *udev); extern int usb_autoresume_device(struct usb_device *udev); extern int usb_remote_wakeup(struct usb_device *dev); extern int usb_runtime_suspend(struct device *dev); extern int usb_runtime_resume(struct device *dev); extern int usb_runtime_idle(struct device *dev); extern int usb_enable_usb2_hardware_lpm(struct usb_device *udev); extern int usb_disable_usb2_hardware_lpm(struct usb_device *udev); extern void usbfs_notify_suspend(struct usb_device *udev); extern void usbfs_notify_resume(struct usb_device *udev); #else static inline int usb_port_suspend(struct usb_device *udev, pm_message_t msg) { return 0; } static inline int usb_port_resume(struct usb_device *udev, pm_message_t msg) { return 0; } #define usb_autosuspend_device(udev) do {} while (0) static inline int usb_autoresume_device(struct usb_device *udev) { return 0; } static inline int usb_enable_usb2_hardware_lpm(struct usb_device *udev) { return 0; } static inline int usb_disable_usb2_hardware_lpm(struct usb_device *udev) { return 0; } #endif extern struct bus_type usb_bus_type; extern struct mutex usb_port_peer_mutex; extern struct device_type usb_device_type; extern struct device_type usb_if_device_type; extern struct device_type usb_ep_device_type; extern struct device_type usb_port_device_type; extern struct usb_device_driver usb_generic_driver; static inline int is_usb_device(const struct device *dev) { return dev->type == &usb_device_type; } static inline int is_usb_interface(const struct device *dev) { return dev->type == &usb_if_device_type; } static inline int is_usb_endpoint(const struct device *dev) { return dev->type == &usb_ep_device_type; } static inline int is_usb_port(const struct device *dev) { return dev->type == &usb_port_device_type; } static inline int is_root_hub(struct usb_device *udev) { return (udev->parent == NULL); } /* Do the same for device drivers and interface drivers. */ static inline int is_usb_device_driver(struct device_driver *drv) { return container_of(drv, struct usbdrv_wrap, driver)-> for_devices; } /* for labeling diagnostics */ extern const char *usbcore_name; /* sysfs stuff */ extern const struct attribute_group *usb_device_groups[]; extern const struct attribute_group *usb_interface_groups[]; /* usbfs stuff */ extern struct usb_driver usbfs_driver; extern const struct file_operations usbfs_devices_fops; extern const struct file_operations usbdev_file_operations; extern int usb_devio_init(void); extern void usb_devio_cleanup(void); /* * Firmware specific cookie identifying a port's location. '0' == no location * data available */ typedef u32 usb_port_location_t; /* internal notify stuff */ extern void usb_notify_add_device(struct usb_device *udev); extern void usb_notify_remove_device(struct usb_device *udev); extern void usb_notify_add_bus(struct usb_bus *ubus); extern void usb_notify_remove_bus(struct usb_bus *ubus); extern void usb_hub_adjust_deviceremovable(struct usb_device *hdev, struct usb_hub_descriptor *desc); #ifdef CONFIG_ACPI extern int usb_acpi_register(void); extern void usb_acpi_unregister(void); extern acpi_handle usb_get_hub_port_acpi_handle(struct usb_device *hdev, int port1); #else static inline int usb_acpi_register(void) { return 0; }; static inline void usb_acpi_unregister(void) { }; #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _SCSI_SCSI_HOST_H #define _SCSI_SCSI_HOST_H #include <linux/device.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/blk-mq.h> #include <scsi/scsi.h> struct block_device; struct completion; struct module; struct scsi_cmnd; struct scsi_device; struct scsi_host_cmd_pool; struct scsi_target; struct Scsi_Host; struct scsi_host_cmd_pool; struct scsi_transport_template; #define SG_ALL SG_CHUNK_SIZE #define MODE_UNKNOWN 0x00 #define MODE_INITIATOR 0x01 #define MODE_TARGET 0x02 struct scsi_host_template { struct module *module; const char *name; /* * The info function will return whatever useful information the * developer sees fit. If not provided, then the name field will * be used instead. * * Status: OPTIONAL */ const char *(* info)(struct Scsi_Host *); /* * Ioctl interface * * Status: OPTIONAL */ int (*ioctl)(struct scsi_device *dev, unsigned int cmd, void __user *arg); #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT /* * Compat handler. Handle 32bit ABI. * When unknown ioctl is passed return -ENOIOCTLCMD. * * Status: OPTIONAL */ int (*compat_ioctl)(struct scsi_device *dev, unsigned int cmd, void __user *arg); #endif int (*init_cmd_priv)(struct Scsi_Host *shost, struct scsi_cmnd *cmd); int (*exit_cmd_priv)(struct Scsi_Host *shost, struct scsi_cmnd *cmd); /* * The queuecommand function is used to queue up a scsi * command block to the LLDD. When the driver finished * processing the command the done callback is invoked. * * If queuecommand returns 0, then the driver has accepted the * command. It must also push it to the HBA if the scsi_cmnd * flag SCMD_LAST is set, or if the driver does not implement * commit_rqs. The done() function must be called on the command * when the driver has finished with it. (you may call done on the * command before queuecommand returns, but in this case you * *must* return 0 from queuecommand). * * Queuecommand may also reject the command, in which case it may * not touch the command and must not call done() for it. * * There are two possible rejection returns: * * SCSI_MLQUEUE_DEVICE_BUSY: Block this device temporarily, but * allow commands to other devices serviced by this host. * * SCSI_MLQUEUE_HOST_BUSY: Block all devices served by this * host temporarily. * * For compatibility, any other non-zero return is treated the * same as SCSI_MLQUEUE_HOST_BUSY. * * NOTE: "temporarily" means either until the next command for# * this device/host completes, or a period of time determined by * I/O pressure in the system if there are no other outstanding * commands. * * STATUS: REQUIRED */ int (* queuecommand)(struct Scsi_Host *, struct scsi_cmnd *); /* * The commit_rqs function is used to trigger a hardware * doorbell after some requests have been queued with * queuecommand, when an error is encountered before sending * the request with SCMD_LAST set. * * STATUS: OPTIONAL */ void (*commit_rqs)(struct Scsi_Host *, u16); /* * This is an error handling strategy routine. You don't need to * define one of these if you don't want to - there is a default * routine that is present that should work in most cases. For those * driver authors that have the inclination and ability to write their * own strategy routine, this is where it is specified. Note - the * strategy routine is *ALWAYS* run in the context of the kernel eh * thread. Thus you are guaranteed to *NOT* be in an interrupt * handler when you execute this, and you are also guaranteed to * *NOT* have any other commands being queued while you are in the * strategy routine. When you return from this function, operations * return to normal. * * See scsi_error.c scsi_unjam_host for additional comments about * what this function should and should not be attempting to do. * * Status: REQUIRED (at least one of them) */ int (* eh_abort_handler)(struct scsi_cmnd *); int (* eh_device_reset_handler)(struct scsi_cmnd *); int (* eh_target_reset_handler)(struct scsi_cmnd *); int (* eh_bus_reset_handler)(struct scsi_cmnd *); int (* eh_host_reset_handler)(struct scsi_cmnd *); /* * Before the mid layer attempts to scan for a new device where none * currently exists, it will call this entry in your driver. Should * your driver need to allocate any structs or perform any other init * items in order to send commands to a currently unused target/lun * combo, then this is where you can perform those allocations. This * is specifically so that drivers won't have to perform any kind of * "is this a new device" checks in their queuecommand routine, * thereby making the hot path a bit quicker. * * Return values: 0 on success, non-0 on failure * * Deallocation: If we didn't find any devices at this ID, you will * get an immediate call to slave_destroy(). If we find something * here then you will get a call to slave_configure(), then the * device will be used for however long it is kept around, then when * the device is removed from the system (or * possibly at reboot * time), you will then get a call to slave_destroy(). This is * assuming you implement slave_configure and slave_destroy. * However, if you allocate memory and hang it off the device struct, * then you must implement the slave_destroy() routine at a minimum * in order to avoid leaking memory * each time a device is tore down. * * Status: OPTIONAL */ int (* slave_alloc)(struct scsi_device *); /* * Once the device has responded to an INQUIRY and we know the * device is online, we call into the low level driver with the * struct scsi_device *. If the low level device driver implements * this function, it *must* perform the task of setting the queue * depth on the device. All other tasks are optional and depend * on what the driver supports and various implementation details. * * Things currently recommended to be handled at this time include: * * 1. Setting the device queue depth. Proper setting of this is * described in the comments for scsi_change_queue_depth. * 2. Determining if the device supports the various synchronous * negotiation protocols. The device struct will already have * responded to INQUIRY and the results of the standard items * will have been shoved into the various device flag bits, eg. * device->sdtr will be true if the device supports SDTR messages. * 3. Allocating command structs that the device will need. * 4. Setting the default timeout on this device (if needed). * 5. Anything else the low level driver might want to do on a device * specific setup basis... * 6. Return 0 on success, non-0 on error. The device will be marked * as offline on error so that no access will occur. If you return * non-0, your slave_destroy routine will never get called for this * device, so don't leave any loose memory hanging around, clean * up after yourself before returning non-0 * * Status: OPTIONAL */ int (* slave_configure)(struct scsi_device *); /* * Immediately prior to deallocating the device and after all activity * has ceased the mid layer calls this point so that the low level * driver may completely detach itself from the scsi device and vice * versa. The low level driver is responsible for freeing any memory * it allocated in the slave_alloc or slave_configure calls. * * Status: OPTIONAL */ void (* slave_destroy)(struct scsi_device *); /* * Before the mid layer attempts to scan for a new device attached * to a target where no target currently exists, it will call this * entry in your driver. Should your driver need to allocate any * structs or perform any other init items in order to send commands * to a currently unused target, then this is where you can perform * those allocations. * * Return values: 0 on success, non-0 on failure * * Status: OPTIONAL */ int (* target_alloc)(struct scsi_target *); /* * Immediately prior to deallocating the target structure, and * after all activity to attached scsi devices has ceased, the * midlayer calls this point so that the driver may deallocate * and terminate any references to the target. * * Status: OPTIONAL */ void (* target_destroy)(struct scsi_target *); /* * If a host has the ability to discover targets on its own instead * of scanning the entire bus, it can fill in this function and * call scsi_scan_host(). This function will be called periodically * until it returns 1 with the scsi_host and the elapsed time of * the scan in jiffies. * * Status: OPTIONAL */ int (* scan_finished)(struct Scsi_Host *, unsigned long); /* * If the host wants to be called before the scan starts, but * after the midlayer has set up ready for the scan, it can fill * in this function. * * Status: OPTIONAL */ void (* scan_start)(struct Scsi_Host *); /* * Fill in this function to allow the queue depth of this host * to be changeable (on a per device basis). Returns either * the current queue depth setting (may be different from what * was passed in) or an error. An error should only be * returned if the requested depth is legal but the driver was * unable to set it. If the requested depth is illegal, the * driver should set and return the closest legal queue depth. * * Status: OPTIONAL */ int (* change_queue_depth)(struct scsi_device *, int); /* * This functions lets the driver expose the queue mapping * to the block layer. * * Status: OPTIONAL */ int (* map_queues)(struct Scsi_Host *shost); /* * Check if scatterlists need to be padded for DMA draining. * * Status: OPTIONAL */ bool (* dma_need_drain)(struct request *rq); /* * This function determines the BIOS parameters for a given * harddisk. These tend to be numbers that are made up by * the host adapter. Parameters: * size, device, list (heads, sectors, cylinders) * * Status: OPTIONAL */ int (* bios_param)(struct scsi_device *, struct block_device *, sector_t, int []); /* * This function is called when one or more partitions on the * device reach beyond the end of the device. * * Status: OPTIONAL */ void (*unlock_native_capacity)(struct scsi_device *); /* * Can be used to export driver statistics and other infos to the * world outside the kernel ie. userspace and it also provides an * interface to feed the driver with information. * * Status: OBSOLETE */ int (*show_info)(struct seq_file *, struct Scsi_Host *); int (*write_info)(struct Scsi_Host *, char *, int); /* * This is an optional routine that allows the transport to become * involved when a scsi io timer fires. The return value tells the * timer routine how to finish the io timeout handling. * * Status: OPTIONAL */ enum blk_eh_timer_return (*eh_timed_out)(struct scsi_cmnd *); /* This is an optional routine that allows transport to initiate * LLD adapter or firmware reset using sysfs attribute. * * Return values: 0 on success, -ve value on failure. * * Status: OPTIONAL */ int (*host_reset)(struct Scsi_Host *shost, int reset_type); #define SCSI_ADAPTER_RESET 1 #define SCSI_FIRMWARE_RESET 2 /* * Name of proc directory */ const char *proc_name; /* * Used to store the procfs directory if a driver implements the * show_info method. */ struct proc_dir_entry *proc_dir; /* * This determines if we will use a non-interrupt driven * or an interrupt driven scheme. It is set to the maximum number * of simultaneous commands a single hw queue in HBA will accept. */ int can_queue; /* * In many instances, especially where disconnect / reconnect are * supported, our host also has an ID on the SCSI bus. If this is * the case, then it must be reserved. Please set this_id to -1 if * your setup is in single initiator mode, and the host lacks an * ID. */ int this_id; /* * This determines the degree to which the host adapter is capable * of scatter-gather. */ unsigned short sg_tablesize; unsigned short sg_prot_tablesize; /* * Set this if the host adapter has limitations beside segment count. */ unsigned int max_sectors; /* * Maximum size in bytes of a single segment. */ unsigned int max_segment_size; /* * DMA scatter gather segment boundary limit. A segment crossing this * boundary will be split in two. */ unsigned long dma_boundary; unsigned long virt_boundary_mask; /* * This specifies "machine infinity" for host templates which don't * limit the transfer size. Note this limit represents an absolute * maximum, and may be over the transfer limits allowed for * individual devices (e.g. 256 for SCSI-1). */ #define SCSI_DEFAULT_MAX_SECTORS 1024 /* * True if this host adapter can make good use of linked commands. * This will allow more than one command to be queued to a given * unit on a given host. Set this to the maximum number of command * blocks to be provided for each device. Set this to 1 for one * command block per lun, 2 for two, etc. Do not set this to 0. * You should make sure that the host adapter will do the right thing * before you try setting this above 1. */ short cmd_per_lun; /* * present contains counter indicating how many boards of this * type were found when we did the scan. */ unsigned char present; /* If use block layer to manage tags, this is tag allocation policy */ int tag_alloc_policy; /* * Track QUEUE_FULL events and reduce queue depth on demand. */ unsigned track_queue_depth:1; /* * This specifies the mode that a LLD supports. */ unsigned supported_mode:2; /* * True if this host adapter uses unchecked DMA onto an ISA bus. */ unsigned unchecked_isa_dma:1; /* * True for emulated SCSI host adapters (e.g. ATAPI). */ unsigned emulated:1; /* * True if the low-level driver performs its own reset-settle delays. */ unsigned skip_settle_delay:1; /* True if the controller does not support WRITE SAME */ unsigned no_write_same:1; /* True if the host uses host-wide tagspace */ unsigned host_tagset:1; /* * Countdown for host blocking with no commands outstanding. */ unsigned int max_host_blocked; /* * Default value for the blocking. If the queue is empty, * host_blocked counts down in the request_fn until it restarts * host operations as zero is reached. * * FIXME: This should probably be a value in the template */ #define SCSI_DEFAULT_HOST_BLOCKED 7 /* * Pointer to the sysfs class properties for this host, NULL terminated. */ struct device_attribute **shost_attrs; /* * Pointer to the SCSI device properties for this host, NULL terminated. */ struct device_attribute **sdev_attrs; /* * Pointer to the SCSI device attribute groups for this host, * NULL terminated. */ const struct attribute_group **sdev_groups; /* * Vendor Identifier associated with the host * * Note: When specifying vendor_id, be sure to read the * Vendor Type and ID formatting requirements specified in * scsi_netlink.h */ u64 vendor_id; /* * Additional per-command data allocated for the driver. */ unsigned int cmd_size; struct scsi_host_cmd_pool *cmd_pool; /* Delay for runtime autosuspend */ int rpm_autosuspend_delay; }; /* * Temporary #define for host lock push down. Can be removed when all * drivers have been updated to take advantage of unlocked * queuecommand. * */ #define DEF_SCSI_QCMD(func_name) \ int func_name(struct Scsi_Host *shost, struct scsi_cmnd *cmd) \ { \ unsigned long irq_flags; \ int rc; \ spin_lock_irqsave(shost->host_lock, irq_flags); \ rc = func_name##_lck (cmd, cmd->scsi_done); \ spin_unlock_irqrestore(shost->host_lock, irq_flags); \ return rc; \ } /* * shost state: If you alter this, you also need to alter scsi_sysfs.c * (for the ascii descriptions) and the state model enforcer: * scsi_host_set_state() */ enum scsi_host_state { SHOST_CREATED = 1, SHOST_RUNNING, SHOST_CANCEL, SHOST_DEL, SHOST_RECOVERY, SHOST_CANCEL_RECOVERY, SHOST_DEL_RECOVERY, }; struct Scsi_Host { /* * __devices is protected by the host_lock, but you should * usually use scsi_device_lookup / shost_for_each_device * to access it and don't care about locking yourself. * In the rare case of being in irq context you can use * their __ prefixed variants with the lock held. NEVER * access this list directly from a driver. */ struct list_head __devices; struct list_head __targets; struct list_head starved_list; spinlock_t default_lock; spinlock_t *host_lock; struct mutex scan_mutex;/* serialize scanning activity */ struct list_head eh_cmd_q; struct task_struct * ehandler; /* Error recovery thread. */ struct completion * eh_action; /* Wait for specific actions on the host. */ wait_queue_head_t host_wait; struct scsi_host_template *hostt; struct scsi_transport_template *transportt; /* Area to keep a shared tag map */ struct blk_mq_tag_set tag_set; atomic_t host_blocked; unsigned int host_failed; /* commands that failed. protected by host_lock */ unsigned int host_eh_scheduled; /* EH scheduled without command */ unsigned int host_no; /* Used for IOCTL_GET_IDLUN, /proc/scsi et al. */ /* next two fields are used to bound the time spent in error handling */ int eh_deadline; unsigned long last_reset; /* * These three parameters can be used to allow for wide scsi, * and for host adapters that support multiple busses * The last two should be set to 1 more than the actual max id * or lun (e.g. 8 for SCSI parallel systems). */ unsigned int max_channel; unsigned int max_id; u64 max_lun; /* * This is a unique identifier that must be assigned so that we * have some way of identifying each detected host adapter properly * and uniquely. For hosts that do not support more than one card * in the system at one time, this does not need to be set. It is * initialized to 0 in scsi_register. */ unsigned int unique_id; /* * The maximum length of SCSI commands that this host can accept. * Probably 12 for most host adapters, but could be 16 for others. * or 260 if the driver supports variable length cdbs. * For drivers that don't set this field, a value of 12 is * assumed. */ unsigned short max_cmd_len; int this_id; int can_queue; short cmd_per_lun; short unsigned int sg_tablesize; short unsigned int sg_prot_tablesize; unsigned int max_sectors; unsigned int max_segment_size; unsigned long dma_boundary; unsigned long virt_boundary_mask; /* * In scsi-mq mode, the number of hardware queues supported by the LLD. * * Note: it is assumed that each hardware queue has a queue depth of * can_queue. In other words, the total queue depth per host * is nr_hw_queues * can_queue. However, for when host_tagset is set, * the total queue depth is can_queue. */ unsigned nr_hw_queues; unsigned active_mode:2; unsigned unchecked_isa_dma:1; /* * Host has requested that no further requests come through for the * time being. */ unsigned host_self_blocked:1; /* * Host uses correct SCSI ordering not PC ordering. The bit is * set for the minority of drivers whose authors actually read * the spec ;). */ unsigned reverse_ordering:1; /* Task mgmt function in progress */ unsigned tmf_in_progress:1; /* Asynchronous scan in progress */ unsigned async_scan:1; /* Don't resume host in EH */ unsigned eh_noresume:1; /* The controller does not support WRITE SAME */ unsigned no_write_same:1; /* True if the host uses host-wide tagspace */ unsigned host_tagset:1; /* Host responded with short (<36 bytes) INQUIRY result */ unsigned short_inquiry:1; /* The transport requires the LUN bits NOT to be stored in CDB[1] */ unsigned no_scsi2_lun_in_cdb:1; /* * Optional work queue to be utilized by the transport */ char work_q_name[20]; struct workqueue_struct *work_q; /* * Task management function work queue */ struct workqueue_struct *tmf_work_q; /* * Value host_blocked counts down from */ unsigned int max_host_blocked; /* Protection Information */ unsigned int prot_capabilities; unsigned char prot_guard_type; /* legacy crap */ unsigned long base; unsigned long io_port; unsigned char n_io_port; unsigned char dma_channel; unsigned int irq; enum scsi_host_state shost_state; /* ldm bits */ struct device shost_gendev, shost_dev; /* * Points to the transport data (if any) which is allocated * separately */ void *shost_data; /* * Points to the physical bus device we'd use to do DMA * Needed just in case we have virtual hosts. */ struct device *dma_dev; /* * We should ensure that this is aligned, both for better performance * and also because some compilers (m68k) don't automatically force * alignment to a long boundary. */ unsigned long hostdata[] /* Used for storage of host specific stuff */ __attribute__ ((aligned (sizeof(unsigned long)))); }; #define class_to_shost(d) \ container_of(d, struct Scsi_Host, shost_dev) #define shost_printk(prefix, shost, fmt, a...) \ dev_printk(prefix, &(shost)->shost_gendev, fmt, ##a) static inline void *shost_priv(struct Scsi_Host *shost) { return (void *)shost->hostdata; } int scsi_is_host_device(const struct device *); static inline struct Scsi_Host *dev_to_shost(struct device *dev) { while (!scsi_is_host_device(dev)) { if (!dev->parent) return NULL; dev = dev->parent; } return container_of(dev, struct Scsi_Host, shost_gendev); } static inline int scsi_host_in_recovery(struct Scsi_Host *shost) { return shost->shost_state == SHOST_RECOVERY || shost->shost_state == SHOST_CANCEL_RECOVERY || shost->shost_state == SHOST_DEL_RECOVERY || shost->tmf_in_progress; } extern int scsi_queue_work(struct Scsi_Host *, struct work_struct *); extern void scsi_flush_work(struct Scsi_Host *); extern struct Scsi_Host *scsi_host_alloc(struct scsi_host_template *, int); extern int __must_check scsi_add_host_with_dma(struct Scsi_Host *, struct device *, struct device *); extern void scsi_scan_host(struct Scsi_Host *); extern void scsi_rescan_device(struct device *); extern void scsi_remove_host(struct Scsi_Host *); extern struct Scsi_Host *scsi_host_get(struct Scsi_Host *); extern int scsi_host_busy(struct Scsi_Host *shost); extern void scsi_host_put(struct Scsi_Host *t); extern struct Scsi_Host *scsi_host_lookup(unsigned short); extern const char *scsi_host_state_name(enum scsi_host_state); extern void scsi_host_complete_all_commands(struct Scsi_Host *shost, int status); static inline int __must_check scsi_add_host(struct Scsi_Host *host, struct device *dev) { return scsi_add_host_with_dma(host, dev, dev); } static inline struct device *scsi_get_device(struct Scsi_Host *shost) { return shost->shost_gendev.parent; } /** * scsi_host_scan_allowed - Is scanning of this host allowed * @shost: Pointer to Scsi_Host. **/ static inline int scsi_host_scan_allowed(struct Scsi_Host *shost) { return shost->shost_state == SHOST_RUNNING || shost->shost_state == SHOST_RECOVERY; } extern void scsi_unblock_requests(struct Scsi_Host *); extern void scsi_block_requests(struct Scsi_Host *); extern int scsi_host_block(struct Scsi_Host *shost); extern int scsi_host_unblock(struct Scsi_Host *shost, int new_state); void scsi_host_busy_iter(struct Scsi_Host *, bool (*fn)(struct scsi_cmnd *, void *, bool), void *priv); struct class_container; /* * These two functions are used to allocate and free a pseudo device * which will connect to the host adapter itself rather than any * physical device. You must deallocate when you are done with the * thing. This physical pseudo-device isn't real and won't be available * from any high-level drivers. */ extern void scsi_free_host_dev(struct scsi_device *); extern struct scsi_device *scsi_get_host_dev(struct Scsi_Host *); /* * DIF defines the exchange of protection information between * initiator and SBC block device. * * DIX defines the exchange of protection information between OS and * initiator. */ enum scsi_host_prot_capabilities { SHOST_DIF_TYPE1_PROTECTION = 1 << 0, /* T10 DIF Type 1 */ SHOST_DIF_TYPE2_PROTECTION = 1 << 1, /* T10 DIF Type 2 */ SHOST_DIF_TYPE3_PROTECTION = 1 << 2, /* T10 DIF Type 3 */ SHOST_DIX_TYPE0_PROTECTION = 1 << 3, /* DIX between OS and HBA only */ SHOST_DIX_TYPE1_PROTECTION = 1 << 4, /* DIX with DIF Type 1 */ SHOST_DIX_TYPE2_PROTECTION = 1 << 5, /* DIX with DIF Type 2 */ SHOST_DIX_TYPE3_PROTECTION = 1 << 6, /* DIX with DIF Type 3 */ }; /* * SCSI hosts which support the Data Integrity Extensions must * indicate their capabilities by setting the prot_capabilities using * this call. */ static inline void scsi_host_set_prot(struct Scsi_Host *shost, unsigned int mask) { shost->prot_capabilities = mask; } static inline unsigned int scsi_host_get_prot(struct Scsi_Host *shost) { return shost->prot_capabilities; } static inline int scsi_host_prot_dma(struct Scsi_Host *shost) { return shost->prot_capabilities >= SHOST_DIX_TYPE0_PROTECTION; } static inline unsigned int scsi_host_dif_capable(struct Scsi_Host *shost, unsigned int target_type) { static unsigned char cap[] = { 0, SHOST_DIF_TYPE1_PROTECTION, SHOST_DIF_TYPE2_PROTECTION, SHOST_DIF_TYPE3_PROTECTION }; if (target_type >= ARRAY_SIZE(cap)) return 0; return shost->prot_capabilities & cap[target_type] ? target_type : 0; } static inline unsigned int scsi_host_dix_capable(struct Scsi_Host *shost, unsigned int target_type) { #if defined(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY) static unsigned char cap[] = { SHOST_DIX_TYPE0_PROTECTION, SHOST_DIX_TYPE1_PROTECTION, SHOST_DIX_TYPE2_PROTECTION, SHOST_DIX_TYPE3_PROTECTION }; if (target_type >= ARRAY_SIZE(cap)) return 0; return shost->prot_capabilities & cap[target_type]; #endif return 0; } /* * All DIX-capable initiators must support the T10-mandated CRC * checksum. Controllers can optionally implement the IP checksum * scheme which has much lower impact on system performance. Note * that the main rationale for the checksum is to match integrity * metadata with data. Detecting bit errors are a job for ECC memory * and buses. */ enum scsi_host_guard_type { SHOST_DIX_GUARD_CRC = 1 << 0, SHOST_DIX_GUARD_IP = 1 << 1, }; static inline void scsi_host_set_guard(struct Scsi_Host *shost, unsigned char type) { shost->prot_guard_type = type; } static inline unsigned char scsi_host_get_guard(struct Scsi_Host *shost) { return shost->prot_guard_type; } extern int scsi_host_set_state(struct Scsi_Host *, enum scsi_host_state); #endif /* _SCSI_SCSI_HOST_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * An interface between IEEE802.15.4 device and rest of the kernel. * * Copyright (C) 2007-2012 Siemens AG * * Written by: * Pavel Smolenskiy <pavel.smolenskiy@gmail.com> * Maxim Gorbachyov <maxim.gorbachev@siemens.com> * Maxim Osipov <maxim.osipov@siemens.com> * Dmitry Eremin-Solenikov <dbaryshkov@gmail.com> * Alexander Smirnov <alex.bluesman.smirnov@gmail.com> */ #ifndef IEEE802154_NETDEVICE_H #define IEEE802154_NETDEVICE_H #include <net/af_ieee802154.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/ieee802154.h> #include <net/cfg802154.h> struct ieee802154_sechdr { #if defined(__LITTLE_ENDIAN_BITFIELD) u8 level:3, key_id_mode:2, reserved:3; #elif defined(__BIG_ENDIAN_BITFIELD) u8 reserved:3, key_id_mode:2, level:3; #else #error "Please fix <asm/byteorder.h>" #endif u8 key_id; __le32 frame_counter; union { __le32 short_src; __le64 extended_src; }; }; struct ieee802154_hdr_fc { #if defined(__LITTLE_ENDIAN_BITFIELD) u16 type:3, security_enabled:1, frame_pending:1, ack_request:1, intra_pan:1, reserved:3, dest_addr_mode:2, version:2, source_addr_mode:2; #elif defined(__BIG_ENDIAN_BITFIELD) u16 reserved:1, intra_pan:1, ack_request:1, frame_pending:1, security_enabled:1, type:3, source_addr_mode:2, version:2, dest_addr_mode:2, reserved2:2; #else #error "Please fix <asm/byteorder.h>" #endif }; struct ieee802154_hdr { struct ieee802154_hdr_fc fc; u8 seq; struct ieee802154_addr source; struct ieee802154_addr dest; struct ieee802154_sechdr sec; }; /* pushes hdr onto the skb. fields of hdr->fc that can be calculated from * the contents of hdr will be, and the actual value of those bits in * hdr->fc will be ignored. this includes the INTRA_PAN bit and the frame * version, if SECEN is set. */ int ieee802154_hdr_push(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ieee802154_hdr *hdr); /* pulls the entire 802.15.4 header off of the skb, including the security * header, and performs pan id decompression */ int ieee802154_hdr_pull(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ieee802154_hdr *hdr); /* parses the frame control, sequence number of address fields in a given skb * and stores them into hdr, performing pan id decompression and length checks * to be suitable for use in header_ops.parse */ int ieee802154_hdr_peek_addrs(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct ieee802154_hdr *hdr); /* parses the full 802.15.4 header a given skb and stores them into hdr, * performing pan id decompression and length checks to be suitable for use in * header_ops.parse */ int ieee802154_hdr_peek(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct ieee802154_hdr *hdr); int ieee802154_max_payload(const struct ieee802154_hdr *hdr); static inline int ieee802154_sechdr_authtag_len(const struct ieee802154_sechdr *sec) { switch (sec->level) { case IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_MIC32: case IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_ENC_MIC32: return 4; case IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_MIC64: case IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_ENC_MIC64: return 8; case IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_MIC128: case IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_ENC_MIC128: return 16; case IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_NONE: case IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_ENC: default: return 0; } } static inline int ieee802154_hdr_length(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct ieee802154_hdr hdr; int len = ieee802154_hdr_pull(skb, &hdr); if (len > 0) skb_push(skb, len); return len; } static inline bool ieee802154_addr_equal(const struct ieee802154_addr *a1, const struct ieee802154_addr *a2) { if (a1->pan_id != a2->pan_id || a1->mode != a2->mode) return false; if ((a1->mode == IEEE802154_ADDR_LONG && a1->extended_addr != a2->extended_addr) || (a1->mode == IEEE802154_ADDR_SHORT && a1->short_addr != a2->short_addr)) return false; return true; } static inline __le64 ieee802154_devaddr_from_raw(const void *raw) { u64 temp; memcpy(&temp, raw, IEEE802154_ADDR_LEN); return (__force __le64)swab64(temp); } static inline void ieee802154_devaddr_to_raw(void *raw, __le64 addr) { u64 temp = swab64((__force u64)addr); memcpy(raw, &temp, IEEE802154_ADDR_LEN); } static inline void ieee802154_addr_from_sa(struct ieee802154_addr *a, const struct ieee802154_addr_sa *sa) { a->mode = sa->addr_type; a->pan_id = cpu_to_le16(sa->pan_id); switch (a->mode) { case IEEE802154_ADDR_SHORT: a->short_addr = cpu_to_le16(sa->short_addr); break; case IEEE802154_ADDR_LONG: a->extended_addr = ieee802154_devaddr_from_raw(sa->hwaddr); break; } } static inline void ieee802154_addr_to_sa(struct ieee802154_addr_sa *sa, const struct ieee802154_addr *a) { sa->addr_type = a->mode; sa->pan_id = le16_to_cpu(a->pan_id); switch (a->mode) { case IEEE802154_ADDR_SHORT: sa->short_addr = le16_to_cpu(a->short_addr); break; case IEEE802154_ADDR_LONG: ieee802154_devaddr_to_raw(sa->hwaddr, a->extended_addr); break; } } /* * A control block of skb passed between the ARPHRD_IEEE802154 device * and other stack parts. */ struct ieee802154_mac_cb { u8 lqi; u8 type; bool ackreq; bool secen; bool secen_override; u8 seclevel; bool seclevel_override; struct ieee802154_addr source; struct ieee802154_addr dest; }; static inline struct ieee802154_mac_cb *mac_cb(struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct ieee802154_mac_cb *)skb->cb; } static inline struct ieee802154_mac_cb *mac_cb_init(struct sk_buff *skb) { BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct ieee802154_mac_cb) > sizeof(skb->cb)); memset(skb->cb, 0, sizeof(struct ieee802154_mac_cb)); return mac_cb(skb); } enum { IEEE802154_LLSEC_DEVKEY_IGNORE, IEEE802154_LLSEC_DEVKEY_RESTRICT, IEEE802154_LLSEC_DEVKEY_RECORD, __IEEE802154_LLSEC_DEVKEY_MAX, }; #define IEEE802154_MAC_SCAN_ED 0 #define IEEE802154_MAC_SCAN_ACTIVE 1 #define IEEE802154_MAC_SCAN_PASSIVE 2 #define IEEE802154_MAC_SCAN_ORPHAN 3 struct ieee802154_mac_params { s8 transmit_power; u8 min_be; u8 max_be; u8 csma_retries; s8 frame_retries; bool lbt; struct wpan_phy_cca cca; s32 cca_ed_level; }; struct wpan_phy; enum { IEEE802154_LLSEC_PARAM_ENABLED = BIT(0), IEEE802154_LLSEC_PARAM_FRAME_COUNTER = BIT(1), IEEE802154_LLSEC_PARAM_OUT_LEVEL = BIT(2), IEEE802154_LLSEC_PARAM_OUT_KEY = BIT(3), IEEE802154_LLSEC_PARAM_KEY_SOURCE = BIT(4), IEEE802154_LLSEC_PARAM_PAN_ID = BIT(5), IEEE802154_LLSEC_PARAM_HWADDR = BIT(6), IEEE802154_LLSEC_PARAM_COORD_HWADDR = BIT(7), IEEE802154_LLSEC_PARAM_COORD_SHORTADDR = BIT(8), }; struct ieee802154_llsec_ops { int (*get_params)(struct net_device *dev, struct ieee802154_llsec_params *params); int (*set_params)(struct net_device *dev, const struct ieee802154_llsec_params *params, int changed); int (*add_key)(struct net_device *dev, const struct ieee802154_llsec_key_id *id, const struct ieee802154_llsec_key *key); int (*del_key)(struct net_device *dev, const struct ieee802154_llsec_key_id *id); int (*add_dev)(struct net_device *dev, const struct ieee802154_llsec_device *llsec_dev); int (*del_dev)(struct net_device *dev, __le64 dev_addr); int (*add_devkey)(struct net_device *dev, __le64 device_addr, const struct ieee802154_llsec_device_key *key); int (*del_devkey)(struct net_device *dev, __le64 device_addr, const struct ieee802154_llsec_device_key *key); int (*add_seclevel)(struct net_device *dev, const struct ieee802154_llsec_seclevel *sl); int (*del_seclevel)(struct net_device *dev, const struct ieee802154_llsec_seclevel *sl); void (*lock_table)(struct net_device *dev); void (*get_table)(struct net_device *dev, struct ieee802154_llsec_table **t); void (*unlock_table)(struct net_device *dev); }; /* * This should be located at net_device->ml_priv * * get_phy should increment the reference counting on returned phy. * Use wpan_wpy_put to put that reference. */ struct ieee802154_mlme_ops { /* The following fields are optional (can be NULL). */ int (*assoc_req)(struct net_device *dev, struct ieee802154_addr *addr, u8 channel, u8 page, u8 cap); int (*assoc_resp)(struct net_device *dev, struct ieee802154_addr *addr, __le16 short_addr, u8 status); int (*disassoc_req)(struct net_device *dev, struct ieee802154_addr *addr, u8 reason); int (*start_req)(struct net_device *dev, struct ieee802154_addr *addr, u8 channel, u8 page, u8 bcn_ord, u8 sf_ord, u8 pan_coord, u8 blx, u8 coord_realign); int (*scan_req)(struct net_device *dev, u8 type, u32 channels, u8 page, u8 duration); int (*set_mac_params)(struct net_device *dev, const struct ieee802154_mac_params *params); void (*get_mac_params)(struct net_device *dev, struct ieee802154_mac_params *params); const struct ieee802154_llsec_ops *llsec; }; static inline struct ieee802154_mlme_ops * ieee802154_mlme_ops(const struct net_device *dev) { return dev->ml_priv; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* Based on net/wireless/trace.h */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM cfg802154 #if !defined(__RDEV_CFG802154_OPS_TRACE) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define __RDEV_CFG802154_OPS_TRACE #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <net/cfg802154.h> #define MAXNAME 32 #define WPAN_PHY_ENTRY __array(char, wpan_phy_name, MAXNAME) #define WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN strlcpy(__entry->wpan_phy_name, \ wpan_phy_name(wpan_phy), \ MAXNAME) #define WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT "%s" #define WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG __entry->wpan_phy_name #define WPAN_DEV_ENTRY __field(u32, identifier) #define WPAN_DEV_ASSIGN (__entry->identifier) = (!IS_ERR_OR_NULL(wpan_dev) \ ? wpan_dev->identifier : 0) #define WPAN_DEV_PR_FMT "wpan_dev(%u)" #define WPAN_DEV_PR_ARG (__entry->identifier) #define WPAN_CCA_ENTRY __field(enum nl802154_cca_modes, cca_mode) \ __field(enum nl802154_cca_opts, cca_opt) #define WPAN_CCA_ASSIGN \ do { \ (__entry->cca_mode) = cca->mode; \ (__entry->cca_opt) = cca->opt; \ } while (0) #define WPAN_CCA_PR_FMT "cca_mode: %d, cca_opt: %d" #define WPAN_CCA_PR_ARG __entry->cca_mode, __entry->cca_opt #define BOOL_TO_STR(bo) (bo) ? "true" : "false" /************************************************************* * rdev->ops traces * *************************************************************/ DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(wpan_phy_only_evt, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT, WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG) ); DEFINE_EVENT(wpan_phy_only_evt, 802154_rdev_suspend, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy) ); DEFINE_EVENT(wpan_phy_only_evt, 802154_rdev_resume, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy) ); TRACE_EVENT(802154_rdev_add_virtual_intf, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, char *name, enum nl802154_iftype type, __le64 extended_addr), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, name, type, extended_addr), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY __string(vir_intf_name, name ? name : "<noname>") __field(enum nl802154_iftype, type) __field(__le64, extended_addr) ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; __assign_str(vir_intf_name, name ? name : "<noname>"); __entry->type = type; __entry->extended_addr = extended_addr; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", virtual intf name: %s, type: %d, extended addr: 0x%llx", WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, __get_str(vir_intf_name), __entry->type, __le64_to_cpu(__entry->extended_addr)) ); TRACE_EVENT(802154_rdev_del_virtual_intf, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, wpan_dev), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY WPAN_DEV_ENTRY ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; WPAN_DEV_ASSIGN; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", " WPAN_DEV_PR_FMT, WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, WPAN_DEV_PR_ARG) ); TRACE_EVENT(802154_rdev_set_channel, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, u8 page, u8 channel), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, page, channel), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY __field(u8, page) __field(u8, channel) ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; __entry->page = page; __entry->channel = channel; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", page: %d, channel: %d", WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, __entry->page, __entry->channel) ); TRACE_EVENT(802154_rdev_set_tx_power, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, s32 power), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, power), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY __field(s32, power) ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; __entry->power = power; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", mbm: %d", WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, __entry->power) ); TRACE_EVENT(802154_rdev_set_cca_mode, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, const struct wpan_phy_cca *cca), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, cca), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY WPAN_CCA_ENTRY ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; WPAN_CCA_ASSIGN; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", " WPAN_CCA_PR_FMT, WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, WPAN_CCA_PR_ARG) ); TRACE_EVENT(802154_rdev_set_cca_ed_level, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, s32 ed_level), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, ed_level), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY __field(s32, ed_level) ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; __entry->ed_level = ed_level; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", ed level: %d", WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, __entry->ed_level) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(802154_le16_template, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, __le16 le16arg), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, wpan_dev, le16arg), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY WPAN_DEV_ENTRY __field(__le16, le16arg) ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; WPAN_DEV_ASSIGN; __entry->le16arg = le16arg; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", " WPAN_DEV_PR_FMT ", pan id: 0x%04x", WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, WPAN_DEV_PR_ARG, __le16_to_cpu(__entry->le16arg)) ); DEFINE_EVENT(802154_le16_template, 802154_rdev_set_pan_id, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, __le16 le16arg), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, wpan_dev, le16arg) ); DEFINE_EVENT_PRINT(802154_le16_template, 802154_rdev_set_short_addr, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, __le16 le16arg), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, wpan_dev, le16arg), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", " WPAN_DEV_PR_FMT ", short addr: 0x%04x", WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, WPAN_DEV_PR_ARG, __le16_to_cpu(__entry->le16arg)) ); TRACE_EVENT(802154_rdev_set_backoff_exponent, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, u8 min_be, u8 max_be), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, wpan_dev, min_be, max_be), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY WPAN_DEV_ENTRY __field(u8, min_be) __field(u8, max_be) ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; WPAN_DEV_ASSIGN; __entry->min_be = min_be; __entry->max_be = max_be; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", " WPAN_DEV_PR_FMT ", min be: %d, max be: %d", WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, WPAN_DEV_PR_ARG, __entry->min_be, __entry->max_be) ); TRACE_EVENT(802154_rdev_set_csma_backoffs, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, u8 max_csma_backoffs), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, wpan_dev, max_csma_backoffs), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY WPAN_DEV_ENTRY __field(u8, max_csma_backoffs) ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; WPAN_DEV_ASSIGN; __entry->max_csma_backoffs = max_csma_backoffs; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", " WPAN_DEV_PR_FMT ", max csma backoffs: %d", WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, WPAN_DEV_PR_ARG, __entry->max_csma_backoffs) ); TRACE_EVENT(802154_rdev_set_max_frame_retries, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, s8 max_frame_retries), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, wpan_dev, max_frame_retries), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY WPAN_DEV_ENTRY __field(s8, max_frame_retries) ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; WPAN_DEV_ASSIGN; __entry->max_frame_retries = max_frame_retries; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", " WPAN_DEV_PR_FMT ", max frame retries: %d", WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, WPAN_DEV_PR_ARG, __entry->max_frame_retries) ); TRACE_EVENT(802154_rdev_set_lbt_mode, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, bool mode), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, wpan_dev, mode), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY WPAN_DEV_ENTRY __field(bool, mode) ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; WPAN_DEV_ASSIGN; __entry->mode = mode; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", " WPAN_DEV_PR_FMT ", lbt mode: %s", WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, WPAN_DEV_PR_ARG, BOOL_TO_STR(__entry->mode)) ); TRACE_EVENT(802154_rdev_set_ackreq_default, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, bool ackreq), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, wpan_dev, ackreq), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY WPAN_DEV_ENTRY __field(bool, ackreq) ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; WPAN_DEV_ASSIGN; __entry->ackreq = ackreq; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", " WPAN_DEV_PR_FMT ", ackreq default: %s", WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, WPAN_DEV_PR_ARG, BOOL_TO_STR(__entry->ackreq)) ); TRACE_EVENT(802154_rdev_return_int, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, int ret), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, ret), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY __field(int, ret) ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; __entry->ret = ret; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", returned: %d", WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, __entry->ret) ); #endif /* !__RDEV_CFG802154_OPS_TRACE || TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ */ #undef TRACE_INCLUDE_PATH #define TRACE_INCLUDE_PATH . #undef TRACE_INCLUDE_FILE #define TRACE_INCLUDE_FILE trace #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Definitions of the Internet Protocol. * * Version: @(#)in.h 1.0.1 04/21/93 * * Authors: Original taken from the GNU Project <netinet/in.h> file. * Fred N. van Kempen, <waltje@uWalt.NL.Mugnet.ORG> */ #ifndef _LINUX_IN_H #define _LINUX_IN_H #include <linux/errno.h> #include <uapi/linux/in.h> static inline int proto_ports_offset(int proto) { switch (proto) { case IPPROTO_TCP: case IPPROTO_UDP: case IPPROTO_DCCP: case IPPROTO_ESP: /* SPI */ case IPPROTO_SCTP: case IPPROTO_UDPLITE: return 0; case IPPROTO_AH: /* SPI */ return 4; default: return -EINVAL; } } static inline bool ipv4_is_loopback(__be32 addr) { return (addr & htonl(0xff000000)) == htonl(0x7f000000); } static inline bool ipv4_is_multicast(__be32 addr) { return (addr & htonl(0xf0000000)) == htonl(0xe0000000); } static inline bool ipv4_is_local_multicast(__be32 addr) { return (addr & htonl(0xffffff00)) == htonl(0xe0000000); } static inline bool ipv4_is_lbcast(__be32 addr) { /* limited broadcast */ return addr == htonl(INADDR_BROADCAST); } static inline bool ipv4_is_all_snoopers(__be32 addr) { return addr == htonl(INADDR_ALLSNOOPERS_GROUP); } static inline bool ipv4_is_zeronet(__be32 addr) { return (addr == 0); } /* Special-Use IPv4 Addresses (RFC3330) */ static inline bool ipv4_is_private_10(__be32 addr) { return (addr & htonl(0xff000000)) == htonl(0x0a000000); } static inline bool ipv4_is_private_172(__be32 addr) { return (addr & htonl(0xfff00000)) == htonl(0xac100000); } static inline bool ipv4_is_private_192(__be32 addr) { return (addr & htonl(0xffff0000)) == htonl(0xc0a80000); } static inline bool ipv4_is_linklocal_169(__be32 addr) { return (addr & htonl(0xffff0000)) == htonl(0xa9fe0000); } static inline bool ipv4_is_anycast_6to4(__be32 addr) { return (addr & htonl(0xffffff00)) == htonl(0xc0586300); } static inline bool ipv4_is_test_192(__be32 addr) { return (addr & htonl(0xffffff00)) == htonl(0xc0000200); } static inline bool ipv4_is_test_198(__be32 addr) { return (addr & htonl(0xfffe0000)) == htonl(0xc6120000); } #endif /* _LINUX_IN_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_PARAVIRT_H #define _ASM_X86_PARAVIRT_H /* Various instructions on x86 need to be replaced for * para-virtualization: those hooks are defined here. */ #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT #include <asm/pgtable_types.h> #include <asm/asm.h> #include <asm/nospec-branch.h> #include <asm/paravirt_types.h> #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <asm/frame.h> static inline unsigned long long paravirt_sched_clock(void) { return PVOP_CALL0(unsigned long long, time.sched_clock); } struct static_key; extern struct static_key paravirt_steal_enabled; extern struct static_key paravirt_steal_rq_enabled; __visible void __native_queued_spin_unlock(struct qspinlock *lock); bool pv_is_native_spin_unlock(void); __visible bool __native_vcpu_is_preempted(long cpu); bool pv_is_native_vcpu_is_preempted(void); static inline u64 paravirt_steal_clock(int cpu) { return PVOP_CALL1(u64, time.steal_clock, cpu); } /* The paravirtualized I/O functions */ static inline void slow_down_io(void) { pv_ops.cpu.io_delay(); #ifdef REALLY_SLOW_IO pv_ops.cpu.io_delay(); pv_ops.cpu.io_delay(); pv_ops.cpu.io_delay(); #endif } void native_flush_tlb_local(void); void native_flush_tlb_global(void); void native_flush_tlb_one_user(unsigned long addr); void native_flush_tlb_others(const struct cpumask *cpumask, const struct flush_tlb_info *info); static inline void __flush_tlb_local(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(mmu.flush_tlb_user); } static inline void __flush_tlb_global(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(mmu.flush_tlb_kernel); } static inline void __flush_tlb_one_user(unsigned long addr) { PVOP_VCALL1(mmu.flush_tlb_one_user, addr); } static inline void __flush_tlb_others(const struct cpumask *cpumask, const struct flush_tlb_info *info) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.flush_tlb_others, cpumask, info); } static inline void paravirt_tlb_remove_table(struct mmu_gather *tlb, void *table) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.tlb_remove_table, tlb, table); } static inline void paravirt_arch_exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm) { PVOP_VCALL1(mmu.exit_mmap, mm); } #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL static inline void load_sp0(unsigned long sp0) { PVOP_VCALL1(cpu.load_sp0, sp0); } /* The paravirtualized CPUID instruction. */ static inline void __cpuid(unsigned int *eax, unsigned int *ebx, unsigned int *ecx, unsigned int *edx) { PVOP_VCALL4(cpu.cpuid, eax, ebx, ecx, edx); } /* * These special macros can be used to get or set a debugging register */ static inline unsigned long paravirt_get_debugreg(int reg) { return PVOP_CALL1(unsigned long, cpu.get_debugreg, reg); } #define get_debugreg(var, reg) var = paravirt_get_debugreg(reg) static inline void set_debugreg(unsigned long val, int reg) { PVOP_VCALL2(cpu.set_debugreg, reg, val); } static inline unsigned long read_cr0(void) { return PVOP_CALL0(unsigned long, cpu.read_cr0); } static inline void write_cr0(unsigned long x) { PVOP_VCALL1(cpu.write_cr0, x); } static inline unsigned long read_cr2(void) { return PVOP_CALLEE0(unsigned long, mmu.read_cr2); } static inline void write_cr2(unsigned long x) { PVOP_VCALL1(mmu.write_cr2, x); } static inline unsigned long __read_cr3(void) { return PVOP_CALL0(unsigned long, mmu.read_cr3); } static inline void write_cr3(unsigned long x) { PVOP_VCALL1(mmu.write_cr3, x); } static inline void __write_cr4(unsigned long x) { PVOP_VCALL1(cpu.write_cr4, x); } static inline void arch_safe_halt(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(irq.safe_halt); } static inline void halt(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(irq.halt); } static inline void wbinvd(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(cpu.wbinvd); } static inline u64 paravirt_read_msr(unsigned msr) { return PVOP_CALL1(u64, cpu.read_msr, msr); } static inline void paravirt_write_msr(unsigned msr, unsigned low, unsigned high) { PVOP_VCALL3(cpu.write_msr, msr, low, high); } static inline u64 paravirt_read_msr_safe(unsigned msr, int *err) { return PVOP_CALL2(u64, cpu.read_msr_safe, msr, err); } static inline int paravirt_write_msr_safe(unsigned msr, unsigned low, unsigned high) { return PVOP_CALL3(int, cpu.write_msr_safe, msr, low, high); } #define rdmsr(msr, val1, val2) \ do { \ u64 _l = paravirt_read_msr(msr); \ val1 = (u32)_l; \ val2 = _l >> 32; \ } while (0) #define wrmsr(msr, val1, val2) \ do { \ paravirt_write_msr(msr, val1, val2); \ } while (0) #define rdmsrl(msr, val) \ do { \ val = paravirt_read_msr(msr); \ } while (0) static inline void wrmsrl(unsigned msr, u64 val) { wrmsr(msr, (u32)val, (u32)(val>>32)); } #define wrmsr_safe(msr, a, b) paravirt_write_msr_safe(msr, a, b) /* rdmsr with exception handling */ #define rdmsr_safe(msr, a, b) \ ({ \ int _err; \ u64 _l = paravirt_read_msr_safe(msr, &_err); \ (*a) = (u32)_l; \ (*b) = _l >> 32; \ _err; \ }) static inline int rdmsrl_safe(unsigned msr, unsigned long long *p) { int err; *p = paravirt_read_msr_safe(msr, &err); return err; } static inline unsigned long long paravirt_read_pmc(int counter) { return PVOP_CALL1(u64, cpu.read_pmc, counter); } #define rdpmc(counter, low, high) \ do { \ u64 _l = paravirt_read_pmc(counter); \ low = (u32)_l; \ high = _l >> 32; \ } while (0) #define rdpmcl(counter, val) ((val) = paravirt_read_pmc(counter)) static inline void paravirt_alloc_ldt(struct desc_struct *ldt, unsigned entries) { PVOP_VCALL2(cpu.alloc_ldt, ldt, entries); } static inline void paravirt_free_ldt(struct desc_struct *ldt, unsigned entries) { PVOP_VCALL2(cpu.free_ldt, ldt, entries); } static inline void load_TR_desc(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(cpu.load_tr_desc); } static inline void load_gdt(const struct desc_ptr *dtr) { PVOP_VCALL1(cpu.load_gdt, dtr); } static inline void load_idt(const struct desc_ptr *dtr) { PVOP_VCALL1(cpu.load_idt, dtr); } static inline void set_ldt(const void *addr, unsigned entries) { PVOP_VCALL2(cpu.set_ldt, addr, entries); } static inline unsigned long paravirt_store_tr(void) { return PVOP_CALL0(unsigned long, cpu.store_tr); } #define store_tr(tr) ((tr) = paravirt_store_tr()) static inline void load_TLS(struct thread_struct *t, unsigned cpu) { PVOP_VCALL2(cpu.load_tls, t, cpu); } static inline void load_gs_index(unsigned int gs) { PVOP_VCALL1(cpu.load_gs_index, gs); } static inline void write_ldt_entry(struct desc_struct *dt, int entry, const void *desc) { PVOP_VCALL3(cpu.write_ldt_entry, dt, entry, desc); } static inline void write_gdt_entry(struct desc_struct *dt, int entry, void *desc, int type) { PVOP_VCALL4(cpu.write_gdt_entry, dt, entry, desc, type); } static inline void write_idt_entry(gate_desc *dt, int entry, const gate_desc *g) { PVOP_VCALL3(cpu.write_idt_entry, dt, entry, g); } #ifdef CONFIG_X86_IOPL_IOPERM static inline void tss_invalidate_io_bitmap(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(cpu.invalidate_io_bitmap); } static inline void tss_update_io_bitmap(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(cpu.update_io_bitmap); } #endif static inline void paravirt_activate_mm(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.activate_mm, prev, next); } static inline void paravirt_arch_dup_mmap(struct mm_struct *oldmm, struct mm_struct *mm) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.dup_mmap, oldmm, mm); } static inline int paravirt_pgd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm) { return PVOP_CALL1(int, mmu.pgd_alloc, mm); } static inline void paravirt_pgd_free(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.pgd_free, mm, pgd); } static inline void paravirt_alloc_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pfn) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.alloc_pte, mm, pfn); } static inline void paravirt_release_pte(unsigned long pfn) { PVOP_VCALL1(mmu.release_pte, pfn); } static inline void paravirt_alloc_pmd(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pfn) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.alloc_pmd, mm, pfn); } static inline void paravirt_release_pmd(unsigned long pfn) { PVOP_VCALL1(mmu.release_pmd, pfn); } static inline void paravirt_alloc_pud(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pfn) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.alloc_pud, mm, pfn); } static inline void paravirt_release_pud(unsigned long pfn) { PVOP_VCALL1(mmu.release_pud, pfn); } static inline void paravirt_alloc_p4d(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pfn) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.alloc_p4d, mm, pfn); } static inline void paravirt_release_p4d(unsigned long pfn) { PVOP_VCALL1(mmu.release_p4d, pfn); } static inline pte_t __pte(pteval_t val) { return (pte_t) { PVOP_CALLEE1(pteval_t, mmu.make_pte, val) }; } static inline pteval_t pte_val(pte_t pte) { return PVOP_CALLEE1(pteval_t, mmu.pte_val, pte.pte); } static inline pgd_t __pgd(pgdval_t val) { return (pgd_t) { PVOP_CALLEE1(pgdval_t, mmu.make_pgd, val) }; } static inline pgdval_t pgd_val(pgd_t pgd) { return PVOP_CALLEE1(pgdval_t, mmu.pgd_val, pgd.pgd); } #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_MODIFY_PROT_TRANSACTION static inline pte_t ptep_modify_prot_start(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep) { pteval_t ret; ret = PVOP_CALL3(pteval_t, mmu.ptep_modify_prot_start, vma, addr, ptep); return (pte_t) { .pte = ret }; } static inline void ptep_modify_prot_commit(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep, pte_t old_pte, pte_t pte) { PVOP_VCALL4(mmu.ptep_modify_prot_commit, vma, addr, ptep, pte.pte); } static inline void set_pte(pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.set_pte, ptep, pte.pte); } static inline void set_pmd(pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t pmd) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.set_pmd, pmdp, native_pmd_val(pmd)); } static inline pmd_t __pmd(pmdval_t val) { return (pmd_t) { PVOP_CALLEE1(pmdval_t, mmu.make_pmd, val) }; } static inline pmdval_t pmd_val(pmd_t pmd) { return PVOP_CALLEE1(pmdval_t, mmu.pmd_val, pmd.pmd); } static inline void set_pud(pud_t *pudp, pud_t pud) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.set_pud, pudp, native_pud_val(pud)); } static inline pud_t __pud(pudval_t val) { pudval_t ret; ret = PVOP_CALLEE1(pudval_t, mmu.make_pud, val); return (pud_t) { ret }; } static inline pudval_t pud_val(pud_t pud) { return PVOP_CALLEE1(pudval_t, mmu.pud_val, pud.pud); } static inline void pud_clear(pud_t *pudp) { set_pud(pudp, native_make_pud(0)); } static inline void set_p4d(p4d_t *p4dp, p4d_t p4d) { p4dval_t val = native_p4d_val(p4d); PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.set_p4d, p4dp, val); } #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS >= 5 static inline p4d_t __p4d(p4dval_t val) { p4dval_t ret = PVOP_CALLEE1(p4dval_t, mmu.make_p4d, val); return (p4d_t) { ret }; } static inline p4dval_t p4d_val(p4d_t p4d) { return PVOP_CALLEE1(p4dval_t, mmu.p4d_val, p4d.p4d); } static inline void __set_pgd(pgd_t *pgdp, pgd_t pgd) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.set_pgd, pgdp, native_pgd_val(pgd)); } #define set_pgd(pgdp, pgdval) do { \ if (pgtable_l5_enabled()) \ __set_pgd(pgdp, pgdval); \ else \ set_p4d((p4d_t *)(pgdp), (p4d_t) { (pgdval).pgd }); \ } while (0) #define pgd_clear(pgdp) do { \ if (pgtable_l5_enabled()) \ set_pgd(pgdp, native_make_pgd(0)); \ } while (0) #endif /* CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS == 5 */ static inline void p4d_clear(p4d_t *p4dp) { set_p4d(p4dp, native_make_p4d(0)); } static inline void set_pte_atomic(pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte) { set_pte(ptep, pte); } static inline void pte_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep) { set_pte(ptep, native_make_pte(0)); } static inline void pmd_clear(pmd_t *pmdp) { set_pmd(pmdp, native_make_pmd(0)); } #define __HAVE_ARCH_START_CONTEXT_SWITCH static inline void arch_start_context_switch(struct task_struct *prev) { PVOP_VCALL1(cpu.start_context_switch, prev); } static inline void arch_end_context_switch(struct task_struct *next) { PVOP_VCALL1(cpu.end_context_switch, next); } #define __HAVE_ARCH_ENTER_LAZY_MMU_MODE static inline void arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(mmu.lazy_mode.enter); } static inline void arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(mmu.lazy_mode.leave); } static inline void arch_flush_lazy_mmu_mode(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(mmu.lazy_mode.flush); } static inline void __set_fixmap(unsigned /* enum fixed_addresses */ idx, phys_addr_t phys, pgprot_t flags) { pv_ops.mmu.set_fixmap(idx, phys, flags); } #endif #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) && defined(CONFIG_PARAVIRT_SPINLOCKS) static __always_inline void pv_queued_spin_lock_slowpath(struct qspinlock *lock, u32 val) { PVOP_VCALL2(lock.queued_spin_lock_slowpath, lock, val); } static __always_inline void pv_queued_spin_unlock(struct qspinlock *lock) { PVOP_VCALLEE1(lock.queued_spin_unlock, lock); } static __always_inline void pv_wait(u8 *ptr, u8 val) { PVOP_VCALL2(lock.wait, ptr, val); } static __always_inline void pv_kick(int cpu) { PVOP_VCALL1(lock.kick, cpu); } static __always_inline bool pv_vcpu_is_preempted(long cpu) { return PVOP_CALLEE1(bool, lock.vcpu_is_preempted, cpu); } void __raw_callee_save___native_queued_spin_unlock(struct qspinlock *lock); bool __raw_callee_save___native_vcpu_is_preempted(long cpu); #endif /* SMP && PARAVIRT_SPINLOCKS */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 /* save and restore all caller-save registers, except return value */ #define PV_SAVE_ALL_CALLER_REGS "pushl %ecx;" #define PV_RESTORE_ALL_CALLER_REGS "popl %ecx;" #else /* save and restore all caller-save registers, except return value */ #define PV_SAVE_ALL_CALLER_REGS \ "push %rcx;" \ "push %rdx;" \ "push %rsi;" \ "push %rdi;" \ "push %r8;" \ "push %r9;" \ "push %r10;" \ "push %r11;" #define PV_RESTORE_ALL_CALLER_REGS \ "pop %r11;" \ "pop %r10;" \ "pop %r9;" \ "pop %r8;" \ "pop %rdi;" \ "pop %rsi;" \ "pop %rdx;" \ "pop %rcx;" #endif /* * Generate a thunk around a function which saves all caller-save * registers except for the return value. This allows C functions to * be called from assembler code where fewer than normal registers are * available. It may also help code generation around calls from C * code if the common case doesn't use many registers. * * When a callee is wrapped in a thunk, the caller can assume that all * arg regs and all scratch registers are preserved across the * call. The return value in rax/eax will not be saved, even for void * functions. */ #define PV_THUNK_NAME(func) "__raw_callee_save_" #func #define PV_CALLEE_SAVE_REGS_THUNK(func) \ extern typeof(func) __raw_callee_save_##func; \ \ asm(".pushsection .text;" \ ".globl " PV_THUNK_NAME(func) ";" \ ".type " PV_THUNK_NAME(func) ", @function;" \ PV_THUNK_NAME(func) ":" \ FRAME_BEGIN \ PV_SAVE_ALL_CALLER_REGS \ "call " #func ";" \ PV_RESTORE_ALL_CALLER_REGS \ FRAME_END \ "ret;" \ ".size " PV_THUNK_NAME(func) ", .-" PV_THUNK_NAME(func) ";" \ ".popsection") /* Get a reference to a callee-save function */ #define PV_CALLEE_SAVE(func) \ ((struct paravirt_callee_save) { __raw_callee_save_##func }) /* Promise that "func" already uses the right calling convention */ #define __PV_IS_CALLEE_SAVE(func) \ ((struct paravirt_callee_save) { func }) #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL static inline notrace unsigned long arch_local_save_flags(void) { return PVOP_CALLEE0(unsigned long, irq.save_fl); } static inline notrace void arch_local_irq_restore(unsigned long f) { PVOP_VCALLEE1(irq.restore_fl, f); } static inline notrace void arch_local_irq_disable(void) { PVOP_VCALLEE0(irq.irq_disable); } static inline notrace void arch_local_irq_enable(void) { PVOP_VCALLEE0(irq.irq_enable); } static inline notrace unsigned long arch_local_irq_save(void) { unsigned long f; f = arch_local_save_flags(); arch_local_irq_disable(); return f; } #endif /* Make sure as little as possible of this mess escapes. */ #undef PARAVIRT_CALL #undef __PVOP_CALL #undef __PVOP_VCALL #undef PVOP_VCALL0 #undef PVOP_CALL0 #undef PVOP_VCALL1 #undef PVOP_CALL1 #undef PVOP_VCALL2 #undef PVOP_CALL2 #undef PVOP_VCALL3 #undef PVOP_CALL3 #undef PVOP_VCALL4 #undef PVOP_CALL4 extern void default_banner(void); #else /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #define _PVSITE(ptype, ops, word, algn) \ 771:; \ ops; \ 772:; \ .pushsection .parainstructions,"a"; \ .align algn; \ word 771b; \ .byte ptype; \ .byte 772b-771b; \ .popsection #define COND_PUSH(set, mask, reg) \ .if ((~(set)) & mask); push %reg; .endif #define COND_POP(set, mask, reg) \ .if ((~(set)) & mask); pop %reg; .endif #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 #define PV_SAVE_REGS(set) \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_RAX, rax); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_RCX, rcx); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_RDX, rdx); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_RSI, rsi); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_RDI, rdi); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_R8, r8); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_R9, r9); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_R10, r10); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_R11, r11) #define PV_RESTORE_REGS(set) \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_R11, r11); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_R10, r10); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_R9, r9); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_R8, r8); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_RDI, rdi); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_RSI, rsi); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_RDX, rdx); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_RCX, rcx); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_RAX, rax) #define PARA_PATCH(off) ((off) / 8) #define PARA_SITE(ptype, ops) _PVSITE(ptype, ops, .quad, 8) #define PARA_INDIRECT(addr) *addr(%rip) #else #define PV_SAVE_REGS(set) \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_EAX, eax); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_EDI, edi); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_ECX, ecx); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_EDX, edx) #define PV_RESTORE_REGS(set) \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_EDX, edx); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_ECX, ecx); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_EDI, edi); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_EAX, eax) #define PARA_PATCH(off) ((off) / 4) #define PARA_SITE(ptype, ops) _PVSITE(ptype, ops, .long, 4) #define PARA_INDIRECT(addr) *%cs:addr #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL #define INTERRUPT_RETURN \ PARA_SITE(PARA_PATCH(PV_CPU_iret), \ ANNOTATE_RETPOLINE_SAFE; \ jmp PARA_INDIRECT(pv_ops+PV_CPU_iret);) #define DISABLE_INTERRUPTS(clobbers) \ PARA_SITE(PARA_PATCH(PV_IRQ_irq_disable), \ PV_SAVE_REGS(clobbers | CLBR_CALLEE_SAVE); \ ANNOTATE_RETPOLINE_SAFE; \ call PARA_INDIRECT(pv_ops+PV_IRQ_irq_disable); \ PV_RESTORE_REGS(clobbers | CLBR_CALLEE_SAVE);) #define ENABLE_INTERRUPTS(clobbers) \ PARA_SITE(PARA_PATCH(PV_IRQ_irq_enable), \ PV_SAVE_REGS(clobbers | CLBR_CALLEE_SAVE); \ ANNOTATE_RETPOLINE_SAFE; \ call PARA_INDIRECT(pv_ops+PV_IRQ_irq_enable); \ PV_RESTORE_REGS(clobbers | CLBR_CALLEE_SAVE);) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL #define USERGS_SYSRET64 \ PARA_SITE(PARA_PATCH(PV_CPU_usergs_sysret64), \ ANNOTATE_RETPOLINE_SAFE; \ jmp PARA_INDIRECT(pv_ops+PV_CPU_usergs_sysret64);) #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_ENTRY #define SAVE_FLAGS(clobbers) \ PARA_SITE(PARA_PATCH(PV_IRQ_save_fl), \ PV_SAVE_REGS(clobbers | CLBR_CALLEE_SAVE); \ ANNOTATE_RETPOLINE_SAFE; \ call PARA_INDIRECT(pv_ops+PV_IRQ_save_fl); \ PV_RESTORE_REGS(clobbers | CLBR_CALLEE_SAVE);) #endif #endif /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL */ #endif /* CONFIG_X86_64 */ #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL #define GET_CR2_INTO_AX \ PARA_SITE(PARA_PATCH(PV_MMU_read_cr2), \ ANNOTATE_RETPOLINE_SAFE; \ call PARA_INDIRECT(pv_ops+PV_MMU_read_cr2); \ ) #endif /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL */ #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #else /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT */ # define default_banner x86_init_noop #endif /* !CONFIG_PARAVIRT */ #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #ifndef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL static inline void paravirt_arch_dup_mmap(struct mm_struct *oldmm, struct mm_struct *mm) { } #endif #ifndef CONFIG_PARAVIRT static inline void paravirt_arch_exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm) { } #endif #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_PARAVIRT_H */
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/* * linux/fs/file.c * * Copyright (C) 1998-1999, Stephen Tweedie and Bill Hawes * * Manage the dynamic fd arrays in the process files_struct. */ #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/fdtable.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/close_range.h> #include <net/sock.h> unsigned int sysctl_nr_open __read_mostly = 1024*1024; unsigned int sysctl_nr_open_min = BITS_PER_LONG; /* our min() is unusable in constant expressions ;-/ */ #define __const_min(x, y) ((x) < (y) ? (x) : (y)) unsigned int sysctl_nr_open_max = __const_min(INT_MAX, ~(size_t)0/sizeof(void *)) & -BITS_PER_LONG; static void __free_fdtable(struct fdtable *fdt) { kvfree(fdt->fd); kvfree(fdt->open_fds); kfree(fdt); } static void free_fdtable_rcu(struct rcu_head *rcu) { __free_fdtable(container_of(rcu, struct fdtable, rcu)); } #define BITBIT_NR(nr) BITS_TO_LONGS(BITS_TO_LONGS(nr)) #define BITBIT_SIZE(nr) (BITBIT_NR(nr) * sizeof(long)) /* * Copy 'count' fd bits from the old table to the new table and clear the extra * space if any. This does not copy the file pointers. Called with the files * spinlock held for write. */ static void copy_fd_bitmaps(struct fdtable *nfdt, struct fdtable *ofdt, unsigned int count) { unsigned int cpy, set; cpy = count / BITS_PER_BYTE; set = (nfdt->max_fds - count) / BITS_PER_BYTE; memcpy(nfdt->open_fds, ofdt->open_fds, cpy); memset((char *)nfdt->open_fds + cpy, 0, set); memcpy(nfdt->close_on_exec, ofdt->close_on_exec, cpy); memset((char *)nfdt->close_on_exec + cpy, 0, set); cpy = BITBIT_SIZE(count); set = BITBIT_SIZE(nfdt->max_fds) - cpy; memcpy(nfdt->full_fds_bits, ofdt->full_fds_bits, cpy); memset((char *)nfdt->full_fds_bits + cpy, 0, set); } /* * Copy all file descriptors from the old table to the new, expanded table and * clear the extra space. Called with the files spinlock held for write. */ static void copy_fdtable(struct fdtable *nfdt, struct fdtable *ofdt) { size_t cpy, set; BUG_ON(nfdt->max_fds < ofdt->max_fds); cpy = ofdt->max_fds * sizeof(struct file *); set = (nfdt->max_fds - ofdt->max_fds) * sizeof(struct file *); memcpy(nfdt->fd, ofdt->fd, cpy); memset((char *)nfdt->fd + cpy, 0, set); copy_fd_bitmaps(nfdt, ofdt, ofdt->max_fds); } static struct fdtable * alloc_fdtable(unsigned int nr) { struct fdtable *fdt; void *data; /* * Figure out how many fds we actually want to support in this fdtable. * Allocation steps are keyed to the size of the fdarray, since it * grows far faster than any of the other dynamic data. We try to fit * the fdarray into comfortable page-tuned chunks: starting at 1024B * and growing in powers of two from there on. */ nr /= (1024 / sizeof(struct file *)); nr = roundup_pow_of_two(nr + 1); nr *= (1024 / sizeof(struct file *)); /* * Note that this can drive nr *below* what we had passed if sysctl_nr_open * had been set lower between the check in expand_files() and here. Deal * with that in caller, it's cheaper that way. * * We make sure that nr remains a multiple of BITS_PER_LONG - otherwise * bitmaps handling below becomes unpleasant, to put it mildly... */ if (unlikely(nr > sysctl_nr_open)) nr = ((sysctl_nr_open - 1) | (BITS_PER_LONG - 1)) + 1; fdt = kmalloc(sizeof(struct fdtable), GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT); if (!fdt) goto out; fdt->max_fds = nr; data = kvmalloc_array(nr, sizeof(struct file *), GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT); if (!data) goto out_fdt; fdt->fd = data; data = kvmalloc(max_t(size_t, 2 * nr / BITS_PER_BYTE + BITBIT_SIZE(nr), L1_CACHE_BYTES), GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT); if (!data) goto out_arr; fdt->open_fds = data; data += nr / BITS_PER_BYTE; fdt->close_on_exec = data; data += nr / BITS_PER_BYTE; fdt->full_fds_bits = data; return fdt; out_arr: kvfree(fdt->fd); out_fdt: kfree(fdt); out: return NULL; } /* * Expand the file descriptor table. * This function will allocate a new fdtable and both fd array and fdset, of * the given size. * Return <0 error code on error; 1 on successful completion. * The files->file_lock should be held on entry, and will be held on exit. */ static int expand_fdtable(struct files_struct *files, unsigned int nr) __releases(files->file_lock) __acquires(files->file_lock) { struct fdtable *new_fdt, *cur_fdt; spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); new_fdt = alloc_fdtable(nr); /* make sure all __fd_install() have seen resize_in_progress * or have finished their rcu_read_lock_sched() section. */ if (atomic_read(&files->count) > 1) synchronize_rcu(); spin_lock(&files->file_lock); if (!new_fdt) return -ENOMEM; /* * extremely unlikely race - sysctl_nr_open decreased between the check in * caller and alloc_fdtable(). Cheaper to catch it here... */ if (unlikely(new_fdt->max_fds <= nr)) { __free_fdtable(new_fdt); return -EMFILE; } cur_fdt = files_fdtable(files); BUG_ON(nr < cur_fdt->max_fds); copy_fdtable(new_fdt, cur_fdt); rcu_assign_pointer(files->fdt, new_fdt); if (cur_fdt != &files->fdtab) call_rcu(&cur_fdt->rcu, free_fdtable_rcu); /* coupled with smp_rmb() in __fd_install() */ smp_wmb(); return 1; } /* * Expand files. * This function will expand the file structures, if the requested size exceeds * the current capacity and there is room for expansion. * Return <0 error code on error; 0 when nothing done; 1 when files were * expanded and execution may have blocked. * The files->file_lock should be held on entry, and will be held on exit. */ static int expand_files(struct files_struct *files, unsigned int nr) __releases(files->file_lock) __acquires(files->file_lock) { struct fdtable *fdt; int expanded = 0; repeat: fdt = files_fdtable(files); /* Do we need to expand? */ if (nr < fdt->max_fds) return expanded; /* Can we expand? */ if (nr >= sysctl_nr_open) return -EMFILE; if (unlikely(files->resize_in_progress)) { spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); expanded = 1; wait_event(files->resize_wait, !files->resize_in_progress); spin_lock(&files->file_lock); goto repeat; } /* All good, so we try */ files->resize_in_progress = true; expanded = expand_fdtable(files, nr); files->resize_in_progress = false; wake_up_all(&files->resize_wait); return expanded; } static inline void __set_close_on_exec(unsigned int fd, struct fdtable *fdt) { __set_bit(fd, fdt->close_on_exec); } static inline void __clear_close_on_exec(unsigned int fd, struct fdtable *fdt) { if (test_bit(fd, fdt->close_on_exec)) __clear_bit(fd, fdt->close_on_exec); } static inline void __set_open_fd(unsigned int fd, struct fdtable *fdt) { __set_bit(fd, fdt->open_fds); fd /= BITS_PER_LONG; if (!~fdt->open_fds[fd]) __set_bit(fd, fdt->full_fds_bits); } static inline void __clear_open_fd(unsigned int fd, struct fdtable *fdt) { __clear_bit(fd, fdt->open_fds); __clear_bit(fd / BITS_PER_LONG, fdt->full_fds_bits); } static unsigned int count_open_files(struct fdtable *fdt) { unsigned int size = fdt->max_fds; unsigned int i; /* Find the last open fd */ for (i = size / BITS_PER_LONG; i > 0; ) { if (fdt->open_fds[--i]) break; } i = (i + 1) * BITS_PER_LONG; return i; } static unsigned int sane_fdtable_size(struct fdtable *fdt, unsigned int max_fds) { unsigned int count; count = count_open_files(fdt); if (max_fds < NR_OPEN_DEFAULT) max_fds = NR_OPEN_DEFAULT; return min(count, max_fds); } /* * Allocate a new files structure and copy contents from the * passed in files structure. * errorp will be valid only when the returned files_struct is NULL. */ struct files_struct *dup_fd(struct files_struct *oldf, unsigned int max_fds, int *errorp) { struct files_struct *newf; struct file **old_fds, **new_fds; unsigned int open_files, i; struct fdtable *old_fdt, *new_fdt; *errorp = -ENOMEM; newf = kmem_cache_alloc(files_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (!newf) goto out; atomic_set(&newf->count, 1); spin_lock_init(&newf->file_lock); newf->resize_in_progress = false; init_waitqueue_head(&newf->resize_wait); newf->next_fd = 0; new_fdt = &newf->fdtab; new_fdt->max_fds = NR_OPEN_DEFAULT; new_fdt->close_on_exec = newf->close_on_exec_init; new_fdt->open_fds = newf->open_fds_init; new_fdt->full_fds_bits = newf->full_fds_bits_init; new_fdt->fd = &newf->fd_array[0]; spin_lock(&oldf->file_lock); old_fdt = files_fdtable(oldf); open_files = sane_fdtable_size(old_fdt, max_fds); /* * Check whether we need to allocate a larger fd array and fd set. */ while (unlikely(open_files > new_fdt->max_fds)) { spin_unlock(&oldf->file_lock); if (new_fdt != &newf->fdtab) __free_fdtable(new_fdt); new_fdt = alloc_fdtable(open_files - 1); if (!new_fdt) { *errorp = -ENOMEM; goto out_release; } /* beyond sysctl_nr_open; nothing to do */ if (unlikely(new_fdt->max_fds < open_files)) { __free_fdtable(new_fdt); *errorp = -EMFILE; goto out_release; } /* * Reacquire the oldf lock and a pointer to its fd table * who knows it may have a new bigger fd table. We need * the latest pointer. */ spin_lock(&oldf->file_lock); old_fdt = files_fdtable(oldf); open_files = sane_fdtable_size(old_fdt, max_fds); } copy_fd_bitmaps(new_fdt, old_fdt, open_files); old_fds = old_fdt->fd; new_fds = new_fdt->fd; for (i = open_files; i != 0; i--) { struct file *f = *old_fds++; if (f) { get_file(f); } else { /* * The fd may be claimed in the fd bitmap but not yet * instantiated in the files array if a sibling thread * is partway through open(). So make sure that this * fd is available to the new process. */ __clear_open_fd(open_files - i, new_fdt); } rcu_assign_pointer(*new_fds++, f); } spin_unlock(&oldf->file_lock); /* clear the remainder */ memset(new_fds, 0, (new_fdt->max_fds - open_files) * sizeof(struct file *)); rcu_assign_pointer(newf->fdt, new_fdt); return newf; out_release: kmem_cache_free(files_cachep, newf); out: return NULL; } static struct fdtable *close_files(struct files_struct * files) { /* * It is safe to dereference the fd table without RCU or * ->file_lock because this is the last reference to the * files structure. */ struct fdtable *fdt = rcu_dereference_raw(files->fdt); unsigned int i, j = 0; for (;;) { unsigned long set; i = j * BITS_PER_LONG; if (i >= fdt->max_fds) break; set = fdt->open_fds[j++]; while (set) { if (set & 1) { struct file * file = xchg(&fdt->fd[i], NULL); if (file) { filp_close(file, files); cond_resched(); } } i++; set >>= 1; } } return fdt; } struct files_struct *get_files_struct(struct task_struct *task) { struct files_struct *files; task_lock(task); files = task->files; if (files) atomic_inc(&files->count); task_unlock(task); return files; } void put_files_struct(struct files_struct *files) { if (atomic_dec_and_test(&files->count)) { struct fdtable *fdt = close_files(files); /* free the arrays if they are not embedded */ if (fdt != &files->fdtab) __free_fdtable(fdt); kmem_cache_free(files_cachep, files); } } void reset_files_struct(struct files_struct *files) { struct task_struct *tsk = current; struct files_struct *old; old = tsk->files; task_lock(tsk); tsk->files = files; task_unlock(tsk); put_files_struct(old); } void exit_files(struct task_struct *tsk) { struct files_struct * files = tsk->files; if (files) { task_lock(tsk); tsk->files = NULL; task_unlock(tsk); put_files_struct(files); } } struct files_struct init_files = { .count = ATOMIC_INIT(1), .fdt = &init_files.fdtab, .fdtab = { .max_fds = NR_OPEN_DEFAULT, .fd = &init_files.fd_array[0], .close_on_exec = init_files.close_on_exec_init, .open_fds = init_files.open_fds_init, .full_fds_bits = init_files.full_fds_bits_init, }, .file_lock = __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(init_files.file_lock), .resize_wait = __WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD_INITIALIZER(init_files.resize_wait), }; static unsigned int find_next_fd(struct fdtable *fdt, unsigned int start) { unsigned int maxfd = fdt->max_fds; unsigned int maxbit = maxfd / BITS_PER_LONG; unsigned int bitbit = start / BITS_PER_LONG; bitbit = find_next_zero_bit(fdt->full_fds_bits, maxbit, bitbit) * BITS_PER_LONG; if (bitbit > maxfd) return maxfd; if (bitbit > start) start = bitbit; return find_next_zero_bit(fdt->open_fds, maxfd, start); } /* * allocate a file descriptor, mark it busy. */ int __alloc_fd(struct files_struct *files, unsigned start, unsigned end, unsigned flags) { unsigned int fd; int error; struct fdtable *fdt; spin_lock(&files->file_lock); repeat: fdt = files_fdtable(files); fd = start; if (fd < files->next_fd) fd = files->next_fd; if (fd < fdt->max_fds) fd = find_next_fd(fdt, fd); /* * N.B. For clone tasks sharing a files structure, this test * will limit the total number of files that can be opened. */ error = -EMFILE; if (fd >= end) goto out; error = expand_files(files, fd); if (error < 0) goto out; /* * If we needed to expand the fs array we * might have blocked - try again. */ if (error) goto repeat; if (start <= files->next_fd) files->next_fd = fd + 1; __set_open_fd(fd, fdt); if (flags & O_CLOEXEC) __set_close_on_exec(fd, fdt); else __clear_close_on_exec(fd, fdt); error = fd; #if 1 /* Sanity check */ if (rcu_access_pointer(fdt->fd[fd]) != NULL) { printk(KERN_WARNING "alloc_fd: slot %d not NULL!\n", fd); rcu_assign_pointer(fdt->fd[fd], NULL); } #endif out: spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); return error; } static int alloc_fd(unsigned start, unsigned flags) { return __alloc_fd(current->files, start, rlimit(RLIMIT_NOFILE), flags); } int __get_unused_fd_flags(unsigned flags, unsigned long nofile) { return __alloc_fd(current->files, 0, nofile, flags); } int get_unused_fd_flags(unsigned flags) { return __get_unused_fd_flags(flags, rlimit(RLIMIT_NOFILE)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_unused_fd_flags); static void __put_unused_fd(struct files_struct *files, unsigned int fd) { struct fdtable *fdt = files_fdtable(files); __clear_open_fd(fd, fdt); if (fd < files->next_fd) files->next_fd = fd; } void put_unused_fd(unsigned int fd) { struct files_struct *files = current->files; spin_lock(&files->file_lock); __put_unused_fd(files, fd); spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(put_unused_fd); /* * Install a file pointer in the fd array. * * The VFS is full of places where we drop the files lock between * setting the open_fds bitmap and installing the file in the file * array. At any such point, we are vulnerable to a dup2() race * installing a file in the array before us. We need to detect this and * fput() the struct file we are about to overwrite in this case. * * It should never happen - if we allow dup2() do it, _really_ bad things * will follow. * * NOTE: __fd_install() variant is really, really low-level; don't * use it unless you are forced to by truly lousy API shoved down * your throat. 'files' *MUST* be either current->files or obtained * by get_files_struct(current) done by whoever had given it to you, * or really bad things will happen. Normally you want to use * fd_install() instead. */ void __fd_install(struct files_struct *files, unsigned int fd, struct file *file) { struct fdtable *fdt; rcu_read_lock_sched(); if (unlikely(files->resize_in_progress)) { rcu_read_unlock_sched(); spin_lock(&files->file_lock); fdt = files_fdtable(files); BUG_ON(fdt->fd[fd] != NULL); rcu_assign_pointer(fdt->fd[fd], file); spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); return; } /* coupled with smp_wmb() in expand_fdtable() */ smp_rmb(); fdt = rcu_dereference_sched(files->fdt); BUG_ON(fdt->fd[fd] != NULL); rcu_assign_pointer(fdt->fd[fd], file); rcu_read_unlock_sched(); } /* * This consumes the "file" refcount, so callers should treat it * as if they had called fput(file). */ void fd_install(unsigned int fd, struct file *file) { __fd_install(current->files, fd, file); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(fd_install); static struct file *pick_file(struct files_struct *files, unsigned fd) { struct file *file = NULL; struct fdtable *fdt; spin_lock(&files->file_lock); fdt = files_fdtable(files); if (fd >= fdt->max_fds) goto out_unlock; file = fdt->fd[fd]; if (!file) goto out_unlock; rcu_assign_pointer(fdt->fd[fd], NULL); __put_unused_fd(files, fd); out_unlock: spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); return file; } /* * The same warnings as for __alloc_fd()/__fd_install() apply here... */ int __close_fd(struct files_struct *files, unsigned fd) { struct file *file; file = pick_file(files, fd); if (!file) return -EBADF; return filp_close(file, files); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__close_fd); /* for ksys_close() */ /** * __close_range() - Close all file descriptors in a given range. * * @fd: starting file descriptor to close * @max_fd: last file descriptor to close * * This closes a range of file descriptors. All file descriptors * from @fd up to and including @max_fd are closed. */ int __close_range(unsigned fd, unsigned max_fd, unsigned int flags) { unsigned int cur_max; struct task_struct *me = current; struct files_struct *cur_fds = me->files, *fds = NULL; if (flags & ~CLOSE_RANGE_UNSHARE) return -EINVAL; if (fd > max_fd) return -EINVAL; rcu_read_lock(); cur_max = files_fdtable(cur_fds)->max_fds; rcu_read_unlock(); /* cap to last valid index into fdtable */ cur_max--; if (flags & CLOSE_RANGE_UNSHARE) { int ret; unsigned int max_unshare_fds = NR_OPEN_MAX; /* * If the requested range is greater than the current maximum, * we're closing everything so only copy all file descriptors * beneath the lowest file descriptor. */ if (max_fd >= cur_max) max_unshare_fds = fd; ret = unshare_fd(CLONE_FILES, max_unshare_fds, &fds); if (ret) return ret; /* * We used to share our file descriptor table, and have now * created a private one, make sure we're using it below. */ if (fds) swap(cur_fds, fds); } max_fd = min(max_fd, cur_max); while (fd <= max_fd) { struct file *file; file = pick_file(cur_fds, fd++); if (!file) continue; filp_close(file, cur_fds); cond_resched(); } if (fds) { /* * We're done closing the files we were supposed to. Time to install * the new file descriptor table and drop the old one. */ task_lock(me); me->files = cur_fds; task_unlock(me); put_files_struct(fds); } return 0; } /* * variant of __close_fd that gets a ref on the file for later fput. * The caller must ensure that filp_close() called on the file, and then * an fput(). */ int __close_fd_get_file(unsigned int fd, struct file **res) { struct files_struct *files = current->files; struct file *file; struct fdtable *fdt; spin_lock(&files->file_lock); fdt = files_fdtable(files); if (fd >= fdt->max_fds) goto out_unlock; file = fdt->fd[fd]; if (!file) goto out_unlock; rcu_assign_pointer(fdt->fd[fd], NULL); __put_unused_fd(files, fd); spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); get_file(file); *res = file; return 0; out_unlock: spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); *res = NULL; return -ENOENT; } void do_close_on_exec(struct files_struct *files) { unsigned i; struct fdtable *fdt; /* exec unshares first */ spin_lock(&files->file_lock); for (i = 0; ; i++) { unsigned long set; unsigned fd = i * BITS_PER_LONG; fdt = files_fdtable(files); if (fd >= fdt->max_fds) break; set = fdt->close_on_exec[i]; if (!set) continue; fdt->close_on_exec[i] = 0; for ( ; set ; fd++, set >>= 1) { struct file *file; if (!(set & 1)) continue; file = fdt->fd[fd]; if (!file) continue; rcu_assign_pointer(fdt->fd[fd], NULL); __put_unused_fd(files, fd); spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); filp_close(file, files); cond_resched(); spin_lock(&files->file_lock); } } spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); } static struct file *__fget_files(struct files_struct *files, unsigned int fd, fmode_t mask, unsigned int refs) { struct file *file; rcu_read_lock(); loop: file = fcheck_files(files, fd); if (file) { /* File object ref couldn't be taken. * dup2() atomicity guarantee is the reason * we loop to catch the new file (or NULL pointer) */ if (file->f_mode & mask) file = NULL; else if (!get_file_rcu_many(file, refs)) goto loop; else if (__fcheck_files(files, fd) != file) { fput_many(file, refs); goto loop; } } rcu_read_unlock(); return file; } static inline struct file *__fget(unsigned int fd, fmode_t mask, unsigned int refs) { return __fget_files(current->files, fd, mask, refs); } struct file *fget_many(unsigned int fd, unsigned int refs) { return __fget(fd, FMODE_PATH, refs); } struct file *fget(unsigned int fd) { return __fget(fd, FMODE_PATH, 1); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(fget); struct file *fget_raw(unsigned int fd) { return __fget(fd, 0, 1); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(fget_raw); struct file *fget_task(struct task_struct *task, unsigned int fd) { struct file *file = NULL; task_lock(task); if (task->files) file = __fget_files(task->files, fd, 0, 1); task_unlock(task); return file; } /* * Lightweight file lookup - no refcnt increment if fd table isn't shared. * * You can use this instead of fget if you satisfy all of the following * conditions: * 1) You must call fput_light before exiting the syscall and returning control * to userspace (i.e. you cannot remember the returned struct file * after * returning to userspace). * 2) You must not call filp_close on the returned struct file * in between * calls to fget_light and fput_light. * 3) You must not clone the current task in between the calls to fget_light * and fput_light. * * The fput_needed flag returned by fget_light should be passed to the * corresponding fput_light. */ static unsigned long __fget_light(unsigned int fd, fmode_t mask) { struct files_struct *files = current->files; struct file *file; if (atomic_read(&files->count) == 1) { file = __fcheck_files(files, fd); if (!file || unlikely(file->f_mode & mask)) return 0; return (unsigned long)file; } else { file = __fget(fd, mask, 1); if (!file) return 0; return FDPUT_FPUT | (unsigned long)file; } } unsigned long __fdget(unsigned int fd) { return __fget_light(fd, FMODE_PATH); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__fdget); unsigned long __fdget_raw(unsigned int fd) { return __fget_light(fd, 0); } unsigned long __fdget_pos(unsigned int fd) { unsigned long v = __fdget(fd); struct file *file = (struct file *)(v & ~3); if (file && (file->f_mode & FMODE_ATOMIC_POS)) { if (file_count(file) > 1) { v |= FDPUT_POS_UNLOCK; mutex_lock(&file->f_pos_lock); } } return v; } void __f_unlock_pos(struct file *f) { mutex_unlock(&f->f_pos_lock); } /* * We only lock f_pos if we have threads or if the file might be * shared with another process. In both cases we'll have an elevated * file count (done either by fdget() or by fork()). */ void set_close_on_exec(unsigned int fd, int flag) { struct files_struct *files = current->files; struct fdtable *fdt; spin_lock(&files->file_lock); fdt = files_fdtable(files); if (flag) __set_close_on_exec(fd, fdt); else __clear_close_on_exec(fd, fdt); spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); } bool get_close_on_exec(unsigned int fd) { struct files_struct *files = current->files; struct fdtable *fdt; bool res; rcu_read_lock(); fdt = files_fdtable(files); res = close_on_exec(fd, fdt); rcu_read_unlock(); return res; } static int do_dup2(struct files_struct *files, struct file *file, unsigned fd, unsigned flags) __releases(&files->file_lock) { struct file *tofree; struct fdtable *fdt; /* * We need to detect attempts to do dup2() over allocated but still * not finished descriptor. NB: OpenBSD avoids that at the price of * extra work in their equivalent of fget() - they insert struct * file immediately after grabbing descriptor, mark it larval if * more work (e.g. actual opening) is needed and make sure that * fget() treats larval files as absent. Potentially interesting, * but while extra work in fget() is trivial, locking implications * and amount of surgery on open()-related paths in VFS are not. * FreeBSD fails with -EBADF in the same situation, NetBSD "solution" * deadlocks in rather amusing ways, AFAICS. All of that is out of * scope of POSIX or SUS, since neither considers shared descriptor * tables and this condition does not arise without those. */ fdt = files_fdtable(files); tofree = fdt->fd[fd]; if (!tofree && fd_is_open(fd, fdt)) goto Ebusy; get_file(file); rcu_assign_pointer(fdt->fd[fd], file); __set_open_fd(fd, fdt); if (flags & O_CLOEXEC) __set_close_on_exec(fd, fdt); else __clear_close_on_exec(fd, fdt); spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); if (tofree) filp_close(tofree, files); return fd; Ebusy: spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); return -EBUSY; } int replace_fd(unsigned fd, struct file *file, unsigned flags) { int err; struct files_struct *files = current->files; if (!file) return __close_fd(files, fd); if (fd >= rlimit(RLIMIT_NOFILE)) return -EBADF; spin_lock(&files->file_lock); err = expand_files(files, fd); if (unlikely(err < 0)) goto out_unlock; return do_dup2(files, file, fd, flags); out_unlock: spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); return err; } /** * __receive_fd() - Install received file into file descriptor table * * @fd: fd to install into (if negative, a new fd will be allocated) * @file: struct file that was received from another process * @ufd: __user pointer to write new fd number to * @o_flags: the O_* flags to apply to the new fd entry * * Installs a received file into the file descriptor table, with appropriate * checks and count updates. Optionally writes the fd number to userspace, if * @ufd is non-NULL. * * This helper handles its own reference counting of the incoming * struct file. * * Returns newly install fd or -ve on error. */ int __receive_fd(int fd, struct file *file, int __user *ufd, unsigned int o_flags) { int new_fd; int error; error = security_file_receive(file); if (error) return error; if (fd < 0) { new_fd = get_unused_fd_flags(o_flags); if (new_fd < 0) return new_fd; } else { new_fd = fd; } if (ufd) { error = put_user(new_fd, ufd); if (error) { if (fd < 0) put_unused_fd(new_fd); return error; } } if (fd < 0) { fd_install(new_fd, get_file(file)); } else { error = replace_fd(new_fd, file, o_flags); if (error) return error; } /* Bump the sock usage counts, if any. */ __receive_sock(file); return new_fd; } static int ksys_dup3(unsigned int oldfd, unsigned int newfd, int flags) { int err = -EBADF; struct file *file; struct files_struct *files = current->files; if ((flags & ~O_CLOEXEC) != 0) return -EINVAL; if (unlikely(oldfd == newfd)) return -EINVAL; if (newfd >= rlimit(RLIMIT_NOFILE)) return -EBADF; spin_lock(&files->file_lock); err = expand_files(files, newfd); file = fcheck(oldfd); if (unlikely(!file)) goto Ebadf; if (unlikely(err < 0)) { if (err == -EMFILE) goto Ebadf; goto out_unlock; } return do_dup2(files, file, newfd, flags); Ebadf: err = -EBADF; out_unlock: spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); return err; } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(dup3, unsigned int, oldfd, unsigned int, newfd, int, flags) { return ksys_dup3(oldfd, newfd, flags); } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(dup2, unsigned int, oldfd, unsigned int, newfd) { if (unlikely(newfd == oldfd)) { /* corner case */ struct files_struct *files = current->files; int retval = oldfd; rcu_read_lock(); if (!fcheck_files(files, oldfd)) retval = -EBADF; rcu_read_unlock(); return retval; } return ksys_dup3(oldfd, newfd, 0); } SYSCALL_DEFINE1(dup, unsigned int, fildes) { int ret = -EBADF; struct file *file = fget_raw(fildes); if (file) { ret = get_unused_fd_flags(0); if (ret >= 0) fd_install(ret, file); else fput(file); } return ret; } int f_dupfd(unsigned int from, struct file *file, unsigned flags) { int err; if (from >= rlimit(RLIMIT_NOFILE)) return -EINVAL; err = alloc_fd(from, flags); if (err >= 0) { get_file(file); fd_install(err, file); } return err; } int iterate_fd(struct files_struct *files, unsigned n, int (*f)(const void *, struct file *, unsigned), const void *p) { struct fdtable *fdt; int res = 0; if (!files) return 0; spin_lock(&files->file_lock); for (fdt = files_fdtable(files); n < fdt->max_fds; n++) { struct file *file; file = rcu_dereference_check_fdtable(files, fdt->fd[n]); if (!file) continue; res = f(p, file, n); if (res) break; } spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iterate_fd);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_KDEV_T_H #define _LINUX_KDEV_T_H #include <uapi/linux/kdev_t.h> #define MINORBITS 20 #define MINORMASK ((1U << MINORBITS) - 1) #define MAJOR(dev) ((unsigned int) ((dev) >> MINORBITS)) #define MINOR(dev) ((unsigned int) ((dev) & MINORMASK)) #define MKDEV(ma,mi) (((ma) << MINORBITS) | (mi)) #define print_dev_t(buffer, dev) \ sprintf((buffer), "%u:%u\n", MAJOR(dev), MINOR(dev)) #define format_dev_t(buffer, dev) \ ({ \ sprintf(buffer, "%u:%u", MAJOR(dev), MINOR(dev)); \ buffer; \ }) /* acceptable for old filesystems */ static __always_inline bool old_valid_dev(dev_t dev) { return MAJOR(dev) < 256 && MINOR(dev) < 256; } static __always_inline u16 old_encode_dev(dev_t dev) { return (MAJOR(dev) << 8) | MINOR(dev); } static __always_inline dev_t old_decode_dev(u16 val) { return MKDEV((val >> 8) & 255, val & 255); } static __always_inline u32 new_encode_dev(dev_t dev) { unsigned major = MAJOR(dev); unsigned minor = MINOR(dev); return (minor & 0xff) | (major << 8) | ((minor & ~0xff) << 12); } static __always_inline dev_t new_decode_dev(u32 dev) { unsigned major = (dev & 0xfff00) >> 8; unsigned minor = (dev & 0xff) | ((dev >> 12) & 0xfff00); return MKDEV(major, minor); } static __always_inline u64 huge_encode_dev(dev_t dev) { return new_encode_dev(dev); } static __always_inline dev_t huge_decode_dev(u64 dev) { return new_decode_dev(dev); } static __always_inline int sysv_valid_dev(dev_t dev) { return MAJOR(dev) < (1<<14) && MINOR(dev) < (1<<18); } static __always_inline u32 sysv_encode_dev(dev_t dev) { return MINOR(dev) | (MAJOR(dev) << 18); } static __always_inline unsigned sysv_major(u32 dev) { return (dev >> 18) & 0x3fff; } static __always_inline unsigned sysv_minor(u32 dev) { return dev & 0x3ffff; } #endif
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * include/linux/idr.h * * 2002-10-18 written by Jim Houston jim.houston@ccur.com * Copyright (C) 2002 by Concurrent Computer Corporation * * Small id to pointer translation service avoiding fixed sized * tables. */ #ifndef __IDR_H__ #define __IDR_H__ #include <linux/radix-tree.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> struct idr { struct radix_tree_root idr_rt; unsigned int idr_base; unsigned int idr_next; }; /* * The IDR API does not expose the tagging functionality of the radix tree * to users. Use tag 0 to track whether a node has free space below it. */ #define IDR_FREE 0 /* Set the IDR flag and the IDR_FREE tag */ #define IDR_RT_MARKER (ROOT_IS_IDR | (__force gfp_t) \ (1 << (ROOT_TAG_SHIFT + IDR_FREE))) #define IDR_INIT_BASE(name, base) { \ .idr_rt = RADIX_TREE_INIT(name, IDR_RT_MARKER), \ .idr_base = (base), \ .idr_next = 0, \ } /** * IDR_INIT() - Initialise an IDR. * @name: Name of IDR. * * A freshly-initialised IDR contains no IDs. */ #define IDR_INIT(name) IDR_INIT_BASE(name, 0) /** * DEFINE_IDR() - Define a statically-allocated IDR. * @name: Name of IDR. * * An IDR defined using this macro is ready for use with no additional * initialisation required. It contains no IDs. */ #define DEFINE_IDR(name) struct idr name = IDR_INIT(name) /** * idr_get_cursor - Return the current position of the cyclic allocator * @idr: idr handle * * The value returned is the value that will be next returned from * idr_alloc_cyclic() if it is free (otherwise the search will start from * this position). */ static inline unsigned int idr_get_cursor(const struct idr *idr) { return READ_ONCE(idr->idr_next); } /** * idr_set_cursor - Set the current position of the cyclic allocator * @idr: idr handle * @val: new position * * The next call to idr_alloc_cyclic() will return @val if it is free * (otherwise the search will start from this position). */ static inline void idr_set_cursor(struct idr *idr, unsigned int val) { WRITE_ONCE(idr->idr_next, val); } /** * DOC: idr sync * idr synchronization (stolen from radix-tree.h) * * idr_find() is able to be called locklessly, using RCU. The caller must * ensure calls to this function are made within rcu_read_lock() regions. * Other readers (lock-free or otherwise) and modifications may be running * concurrently. * * It is still required that the caller manage the synchronization and * lifetimes of the items. So if RCU lock-free lookups are used, typically * this would mean that the items have their own locks, or are amenable to * lock-free access; and that the items are freed by RCU (or only freed after * having been deleted from the idr tree *and* a synchronize_rcu() grace * period). */ #define idr_lock(idr) xa_lock(&(idr)->idr_rt) #define idr_unlock(idr) xa_unlock(&(idr)->idr_rt) #define idr_lock_bh(idr) xa_lock_bh(&(idr)->idr_rt) #define idr_unlock_bh(idr) xa_unlock_bh(&(idr)->idr_rt) #define idr_lock_irq(idr) xa_lock_irq(&(idr)->idr_rt) #define idr_unlock_irq(idr) xa_unlock_irq(&(idr)->idr_rt) #define idr_lock_irqsave(idr, flags) \ xa_lock_irqsave(&(idr)->idr_rt, flags) #define idr_unlock_irqrestore(idr, flags) \ xa_unlock_irqrestore(&(idr)->idr_rt, flags) void idr_preload(gfp_t gfp_mask); int idr_alloc(struct idr *, void *ptr, int start, int end, gfp_t); int __must_check idr_alloc_u32(struct idr *, void *ptr, u32 *id, unsigned long max, gfp_t); int idr_alloc_cyclic(struct idr *, void *ptr, int start, int end, gfp_t); void *idr_remove(struct idr *, unsigned long id); void *idr_find(const struct idr *, unsigned long id); int idr_for_each(const struct idr *, int (*fn)(int id, void *p, void *data), void *data); void *idr_get_next(struct idr *, int *nextid); void *idr_get_next_ul(struct idr *, unsigned long *nextid); void *idr_replace(struct idr *, void *, unsigned long id); void idr_destroy(struct idr *); /** * idr_init_base() - Initialise an IDR. * @idr: IDR handle. * @base: The base value for the IDR. * * This variation of idr_init() creates an IDR which will allocate IDs * starting at %base. */ static inline void idr_init_base(struct idr *idr, int base) { INIT_RADIX_TREE(&idr->idr_rt, IDR_RT_MARKER); idr->idr_base = base; idr->idr_next = 0; } /** * idr_init() - Initialise an IDR. * @idr: IDR handle. * * Initialise a dynamically allocated IDR. To initialise a * statically allocated IDR, use DEFINE_IDR(). */ static inline void idr_init(struct idr *idr) { idr_init_base(idr, 0); } /** * idr_is_empty() - Are there any IDs allocated? * @idr: IDR handle. * * Return: %true if any IDs have been allocated from this IDR. */ static inline bool idr_is_empty(const struct idr *idr) { return radix_tree_empty(&idr->idr_rt) && radix_tree_tagged(&idr->idr_rt, IDR_FREE); } /** * idr_preload_end - end preload section started with idr_preload() * * Each idr_preload() should be matched with an invocation of this * function. See idr_preload() for details. */ static inline void idr_preload_end(void) { local_unlock(&radix_tree_preloads.lock); } /** * idr_for_each_entry() - Iterate over an IDR's elements of a given type. * @idr: IDR handle. * @entry: The type * to use as cursor * @id: Entry ID. * * @entry and @id do not need to be initialized before the loop, and * after normal termination @entry is left with the value NULL. This * is convenient for a "not found" value. */ #define idr_for_each_entry(idr, entry, id) \ for (id = 0; ((entry) = idr_get_next(idr, &(id))) != NULL; id += 1U) /** * idr_for_each_entry_ul() - Iterate over an IDR's elements of a given type. * @idr: IDR handle. * @entry: The type * to use as cursor. * @tmp: A temporary placeholder for ID. * @id: Entry ID. * * @entry and @id do not need to be initialized before the loop, and * after normal termination @entry is left with the value NULL. This * is convenient for a "not found" value. */ #define idr_for_each_entry_ul(idr, entry, tmp, id) \ for (tmp = 0, id = 0; \ tmp <= id && ((entry) = idr_get_next_ul(idr, &(id))) != NULL; \ tmp = id, ++id) /** * idr_for_each_entry_continue() - Continue iteration over an IDR's elements of a given type * @idr: IDR handle. * @entry: The type * to use as a cursor. * @id: Entry ID. * * Continue to iterate over entries, continuing after the current position. */ #define idr_for_each_entry_continue(idr, entry, id) \ for ((entry) = idr_get_next((idr), &(id)); \ entry; \ ++id, (entry) = idr_get_next((idr), &(id))) /** * idr_for_each_entry_continue_ul() - Continue iteration over an IDR's elements of a given type * @idr: IDR handle. * @entry: The type * to use as a cursor. * @tmp: A temporary placeholder for ID. * @id: Entry ID. * * Continue to iterate over entries, continuing after the current position. */ #define idr_for_each_entry_continue_ul(idr, entry, tmp, id) \ for (tmp = id; \ tmp <= id && ((entry) = idr_get_next_ul(idr, &(id))) != NULL; \ tmp = id, ++id) /* * IDA - ID Allocator, use when translation from id to pointer isn't necessary. */ #define IDA_CHUNK_SIZE 128 /* 128 bytes per chunk */ #define IDA_BITMAP_LONGS (IDA_CHUNK_SIZE / sizeof(long)) #define IDA_BITMAP_BITS (IDA_BITMAP_LONGS * sizeof(long) * 8) struct ida_bitmap { unsigned long bitmap[IDA_BITMAP_LONGS]; }; struct ida { struct xarray xa; }; #define IDA_INIT_FLAGS (XA_FLAGS_LOCK_IRQ | XA_FLAGS_ALLOC) #define IDA_INIT(name) { \ .xa = XARRAY_INIT(name, IDA_INIT_FLAGS) \ } #define DEFINE_IDA(name) struct ida name = IDA_INIT(name) int ida_alloc_range(struct ida *, unsigned int min, unsigned int max, gfp_t); void ida_free(struct ida *, unsigned int id); void ida_destroy(struct ida *ida); /** * ida_alloc() - Allocate an unused ID. * @ida: IDA handle. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Allocate an ID between 0 and %INT_MAX, inclusive. * * Context: Any context. It is safe to call this function without * locking in your code. * Return: The allocated ID, or %-ENOMEM if memory could not be allocated, * or %-ENOSPC if there are no free IDs. */ static inline int ida_alloc(struct ida *ida, gfp_t gfp) { return ida_alloc_range(ida, 0, ~0, gfp); } /** * ida_alloc_min() - Allocate an unused ID. * @ida: IDA handle. * @min: Lowest ID to allocate. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Allocate an ID between @min and %INT_MAX, inclusive. * * Context: Any context. It is safe to call this function without * locking in your code. * Return: The allocated ID, or %-ENOMEM if memory could not be allocated, * or %-ENOSPC if there are no free IDs. */ static inline int ida_alloc_min(struct ida *ida, unsigned int min, gfp_t gfp) { return ida_alloc_range(ida, min, ~0, gfp); } /** * ida_alloc_max() - Allocate an unused ID. * @ida: IDA handle. * @max: Highest ID to allocate. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Allocate an ID between 0 and @max, inclusive. * * Context: Any context. It is safe to call this function without * locking in your code. * Return: The allocated ID, or %-ENOMEM if memory could not be allocated, * or %-ENOSPC if there are no free IDs. */ static inline int ida_alloc_max(struct ida *ida, unsigned int max, gfp_t gfp) { return ida_alloc_range(ida, 0, max, gfp); } static inline void ida_init(struct ida *ida) { xa_init_flags(&ida->xa, IDA_INIT_FLAGS); } /* * ida_simple_get() and ida_simple_remove() are deprecated. Use * ida_alloc() and ida_free() instead respectively. */ #define ida_simple_get(ida, start, end, gfp) \ ida_alloc_range(ida, start, (end) - 1, gfp) #define ida_simple_remove(ida, id) ida_free(ida, id) static inline bool ida_is_empty(const struct ida *ida) { return xa_empty(&ida->xa); } #endif /* __IDR_H__ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _INET_ECN_H_ #define _INET_ECN_H_ #include <linux/ip.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/if_vlan.h> #include <net/inet_sock.h> #include <net/dsfield.h> enum { INET_ECN_NOT_ECT = 0, INET_ECN_ECT_1 = 1, INET_ECN_ECT_0 = 2, INET_ECN_CE = 3, INET_ECN_MASK = 3, }; extern int sysctl_tunnel_ecn_log; static inline int INET_ECN_is_ce(__u8 dsfield) { return (dsfield & INET_ECN_MASK) == INET_ECN_CE; } static inline int INET_ECN_is_not_ect(__u8 dsfield) { return (dsfield & INET_ECN_MASK) == INET_ECN_NOT_ECT; } static inline int INET_ECN_is_capable(__u8 dsfield) { return dsfield & INET_ECN_ECT_0; } /* * RFC 3168 9.1.1 * The full-functionality option for ECN encapsulation is to copy the * ECN codepoint of the inside header to the outside header on * encapsulation if the inside header is not-ECT or ECT, and to set the * ECN codepoint of the outside header to ECT(0) if the ECN codepoint of * the inside header is CE. */ static inline __u8 INET_ECN_encapsulate(__u8 outer, __u8 inner) { outer &= ~INET_ECN_MASK; outer |= !INET_ECN_is_ce(inner) ? (inner & INET_ECN_MASK) : INET_ECN_ECT_0; return outer; } static inline void INET_ECN_xmit(struct sock *sk) { inet_sk(sk)->tos |= INET_ECN_ECT_0; if (inet6_sk(sk) != NULL) inet6_sk(sk)->tclass |= INET_ECN_ECT_0; } static inline void INET_ECN_dontxmit(struct sock *sk) { inet_sk(sk)->tos &= ~INET_ECN_MASK; if (inet6_sk(sk) != NULL) inet6_sk(sk)->tclass &= ~INET_ECN_MASK; } #define IP6_ECN_flow_init(label) do { \ (label) &= ~htonl(INET_ECN_MASK << 20); \ } while (0) #define IP6_ECN_flow_xmit(sk, label) do { \ if (INET_ECN_is_capable(inet6_sk(sk)->tclass)) \ (label) |= htonl(INET_ECN_ECT_0 << 20); \ } while (0) static inline int IP_ECN_set_ce(struct iphdr *iph) { u32 check = (__force u32)iph->check; u32 ecn = (iph->tos + 1) & INET_ECN_MASK; /* * After the last operation we have (in binary): * INET_ECN_NOT_ECT => 01 * INET_ECN_ECT_1 => 10 * INET_ECN_ECT_0 => 11 * INET_ECN_CE => 00 */ if (!(ecn & 2)) return !ecn; /* * The following gives us: * INET_ECN_ECT_1 => check += htons(0xFFFD) * INET_ECN_ECT_0 => check += htons(0xFFFE) */ check += (__force u16)htons(0xFFFB) + (__force u16)htons(ecn); iph->check = (__force __sum16)(check + (check>=0xFFFF)); iph->tos |= INET_ECN_CE; return 1; } static inline int IP_ECN_set_ect1(struct iphdr *iph) { u32 check = (__force u32)iph->check; if ((iph->tos & INET_ECN_MASK) != INET_ECN_ECT_0) return 0; check += (__force u16)htons(0x1); iph->check = (__force __sum16)(check + (check>=0xFFFF)); iph->tos ^= INET_ECN_MASK; return 1; } static inline void IP_ECN_clear(struct iphdr *iph) { iph->tos &= ~INET_ECN_MASK; } static inline void ipv4_copy_dscp(unsigned int dscp, struct iphdr *inner) { dscp &= ~INET_ECN_MASK; ipv4_change_dsfield(inner, INET_ECN_MASK, dscp); } struct ipv6hdr; /* Note: * IP_ECN_set_ce() has to tweak IPV4 checksum when setting CE, * meaning both changes have no effect on skb->csum if/when CHECKSUM_COMPLETE * In IPv6 case, no checksum compensates the change in IPv6 header, * so we have to update skb->csum. */ static inline int IP6_ECN_set_ce(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ipv6hdr *iph) { __be32 from, to; if (INET_ECN_is_not_ect(ipv6_get_dsfield(iph))) return 0; from = *(__be32 *)iph; to = from | htonl(INET_ECN_CE << 20); *(__be32 *)iph = to; if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->csum = csum_add(csum_sub(skb->csum, (__force __wsum)from), (__force __wsum)to); return 1; } static inline int IP6_ECN_set_ect1(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ipv6hdr *iph) { __be32 from, to; if ((ipv6_get_dsfield(iph) & INET_ECN_MASK) != INET_ECN_ECT_0) return 0; from = *(__be32 *)iph; to = from ^ htonl(INET_ECN_MASK << 20); *(__be32 *)iph = to; if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->csum = csum_add(csum_sub(skb->csum, (__force __wsum)from), (__force __wsum)to); return 1; } static inline void ipv6_copy_dscp(unsigned int dscp, struct ipv6hdr *inner) { dscp &= ~INET_ECN_MASK; ipv6_change_dsfield(inner, INET_ECN_MASK, dscp); } static inline int INET_ECN_set_ce(struct sk_buff *skb) { switch (skb_protocol(skb, true)) { case cpu_to_be16(ETH_P_IP): if (skb_network_header(skb) + sizeof(struct iphdr) <= skb_tail_pointer(skb)) return IP_ECN_set_ce(ip_hdr(skb)); break; case cpu_to_be16(ETH_P_IPV6): if (skb_network_header(skb) + sizeof(struct ipv6hdr) <= skb_tail_pointer(skb)) return IP6_ECN_set_ce(skb, ipv6_hdr(skb)); break; } return 0; } static inline int INET_ECN_set_ect1(struct sk_buff *skb) { switch (skb_protocol(skb, true)) { case cpu_to_be16(ETH_P_IP): if (skb_network_header(skb) + sizeof(struct iphdr) <= skb_tail_pointer(skb)) return IP_ECN_set_ect1(ip_hdr(skb)); break; case cpu_to_be16(ETH_P_IPV6): if (skb_network_header(skb) + sizeof(struct ipv6hdr) <= skb_tail_pointer(skb)) return IP6_ECN_set_ect1(skb, ipv6_hdr(skb)); break; } return 0; } /* * RFC 6040 4.2 * To decapsulate the inner header at the tunnel egress, a compliant * tunnel egress MUST set the outgoing ECN field to the codepoint at the * intersection of the appropriate arriving inner header (row) and outer * header (column) in Figure 4 * * +---------+------------------------------------------------+ * |Arriving | Arriving Outer Header | * | Inner +---------+------------+------------+------------+ * | Header | Not-ECT | ECT(0) | ECT(1) | CE | * +---------+---------+------------+------------+------------+ * | Not-ECT | Not-ECT |Not-ECT(!!!)|Not-ECT(!!!)| <drop>(!!!)| * | ECT(0) | ECT(0) | ECT(0) | ECT(1) | CE | * | ECT(1) | ECT(1) | ECT(1) (!) | ECT(1) | CE | * | CE | CE | CE | CE(!!!)| CE | * +---------+---------+------------+------------+------------+ * * Figure 4: New IP in IP Decapsulation Behaviour * * returns 0 on success * 1 if something is broken and should be logged (!!! above) * 2 if packet should be dropped */ static inline int __INET_ECN_decapsulate(__u8 outer, __u8 inner, bool *set_ce) { if (INET_ECN_is_not_ect(inner)) { switch (outer & INET_ECN_MASK) { case INET_ECN_NOT_ECT: return 0; case INET_ECN_ECT_0: case INET_ECN_ECT_1: return 1; case INET_ECN_CE: return 2; } } *set_ce = INET_ECN_is_ce(outer); return 0; } static inline int INET_ECN_decapsulate(struct sk_buff *skb, __u8 outer, __u8 inner) { bool set_ce = false; int rc; rc = __INET_ECN_decapsulate(outer, inner, &set_ce); if (!rc) { if (set_ce) INET_ECN_set_ce(skb); else if ((outer & INET_ECN_MASK) == INET_ECN_ECT_1) INET_ECN_set_ect1(skb); } return rc; } static inline int IP_ECN_decapsulate(const struct iphdr *oiph, struct sk_buff *skb) { __u8 inner; switch (skb_protocol(skb, true)) { case htons(ETH_P_IP): inner = ip_hdr(skb)->tos; break; case htons(ETH_P_IPV6): inner = ipv6_get_dsfield(ipv6_hdr(skb)); break; default: return 0; } return INET_ECN_decapsulate(skb, oiph->tos, inner); } static inline int IP6_ECN_decapsulate(const struct ipv6hdr *oipv6h, struct sk_buff *skb) { __u8 inner; switch (skb_protocol(skb, true)) { case htons(ETH_P_IP): inner = ip_hdr(skb)->tos; break; case htons(ETH_P_IPV6): inner = ipv6_get_dsfield(ipv6_hdr(skb)); break; default: return 0; } return INET_ECN_decapsulate(skb, ipv6_get_dsfield(oipv6h), inner); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 #ifndef _LINUX_GENERIC_RADIX_TREE_H #define _LINUX_GENERIC_RADIX_TREE_H /** * DOC: Generic radix trees/sparse arrays * * Very simple and minimalistic, supporting arbitrary size entries up to * PAGE_SIZE. * * A genradix is defined with the type it will store, like so: * * static GENRADIX(struct foo) foo_genradix; * * The main operations are: * * - genradix_init(radix) - initialize an empty genradix * * - genradix_free(radix) - free all memory owned by the genradix and * reinitialize it * * - genradix_ptr(radix, idx) - gets a pointer to the entry at idx, returning * NULL if that entry does not exist * * - genradix_ptr_alloc(radix, idx, gfp) - gets a pointer to an entry, * allocating it if necessary * * - genradix_for_each(radix, iter, p) - iterate over each entry in a genradix * * The radix tree allocates one page of entries at a time, so entries may exist * that were never explicitly allocated - they will be initialized to all * zeroes. * * Internally, a genradix is just a radix tree of pages, and indexing works in * terms of byte offsets. The wrappers in this header file use sizeof on the * type the radix contains to calculate a byte offset from the index - see * __idx_to_offset. */ #include <asm/page.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/log2.h> struct genradix_root; struct __genradix { struct genradix_root *root; }; /* * NOTE: currently, sizeof(_type) must not be larger than PAGE_SIZE: */ #define __GENRADIX_INITIALIZER \ { \ .tree = { \ .root = NULL, \ } \ } /* * We use a 0 size array to stash the type we're storing without taking any * space at runtime - then the various accessor macros can use typeof() to get * to it for casts/sizeof - we also force the alignment so that storing a type * with a ridiculous alignment doesn't blow up the alignment or size of the * genradix. */ #define GENRADIX(_type) \ struct { \ struct __genradix tree; \ _type type[0] __aligned(1); \ } #define DEFINE_GENRADIX(_name, _type) \ GENRADIX(_type) _name = __GENRADIX_INITIALIZER /** * genradix_init - initialize a genradix * @_radix: genradix to initialize * * Does not fail */ #define genradix_init(_radix) \ do { \ *(_radix) = (typeof(*_radix)) __GENRADIX_INITIALIZER; \ } while (0) void __genradix_free(struct __genradix *); /** * genradix_free: free all memory owned by a genradix * @_radix: the genradix to free * * After freeing, @_radix will be reinitialized and empty */ #define genradix_free(_radix) __genradix_free(&(_radix)->tree) static inline size_t __idx_to_offset(size_t idx, size_t obj_size) { if (__builtin_constant_p(obj_size)) BUILD_BUG_ON(obj_size > PAGE_SIZE); else BUG_ON(obj_size > PAGE_SIZE); if (!is_power_of_2(obj_size)) { size_t objs_per_page = PAGE_SIZE / obj_size; return (idx / objs_per_page) * PAGE_SIZE + (idx % objs_per_page) * obj_size; } else { return idx * obj_size; } } #define __genradix_cast(_radix) (typeof((_radix)->type[0]) *) #define __genradix_obj_size(_radix) sizeof((_radix)->type[0]) #define __genradix_idx_to_offset(_radix, _idx) \ __idx_to_offset(_idx, __genradix_obj_size(_radix)) void *__genradix_ptr(struct __genradix *, size_t); /** * genradix_ptr - get a pointer to a genradix entry * @_radix: genradix to access * @_idx: index to fetch * * Returns a pointer to entry at @_idx, or NULL if that entry does not exist. */ #define genradix_ptr(_radix, _idx) \ (__genradix_cast(_radix) \ __genradix_ptr(&(_radix)->tree, \ __genradix_idx_to_offset(_radix, _idx))) void *__genradix_ptr_alloc(struct __genradix *, size_t, gfp_t); /** * genradix_ptr_alloc - get a pointer to a genradix entry, allocating it * if necessary * @_radix: genradix to access * @_idx: index to fetch * @_gfp: gfp mask * * Returns a pointer to entry at @_idx, or NULL on allocation failure */ #define genradix_ptr_alloc(_radix, _idx, _gfp) \ (__genradix_cast(_radix) \ __genradix_ptr_alloc(&(_radix)->tree, \ __genradix_idx_to_offset(_radix, _idx), \ _gfp)) struct genradix_iter { size_t offset; size_t pos; }; /** * genradix_iter_init - initialize a genradix_iter * @_radix: genradix that will be iterated over * @_idx: index to start iterating from */ #define genradix_iter_init(_radix, _idx) \ ((struct genradix_iter) { \ .pos = (_idx), \ .offset = __genradix_idx_to_offset((_radix), (_idx)),\ }) void *__genradix_iter_peek(struct genradix_iter *, struct __genradix *, size_t); /** * genradix_iter_peek - get first entry at or above iterator's current * position * @_iter: a genradix_iter * @_radix: genradix being iterated over * * If no more entries exist at or above @_iter's current position, returns NULL */ #define genradix_iter_peek(_iter, _radix) \ (__genradix_cast(_radix) \ __genradix_iter_peek(_iter, &(_radix)->tree, \ PAGE_SIZE / __genradix_obj_size(_radix))) static inline void __genradix_iter_advance(struct genradix_iter *iter, size_t obj_size) { iter->offset += obj_size; if (!is_power_of_2(obj_size) && (iter->offset & (PAGE_SIZE - 1)) + obj_size > PAGE_SIZE) iter->offset = round_up(iter->offset, PAGE_SIZE); iter->pos++; } #define genradix_iter_advance(_iter, _radix) \ __genradix_iter_advance(_iter, __genradix_obj_size(_radix)) #define genradix_for_each_from(_radix, _iter, _p, _start) \ for (_iter = genradix_iter_init(_radix, _start); \ (_p = genradix_iter_peek(&_iter, _radix)) != NULL; \ genradix_iter_advance(&_iter, _radix)) /** * genradix_for_each - iterate over entry in a genradix * @_radix: genradix to iterate over * @_iter: a genradix_iter to track current position * @_p: pointer to genradix entry type * * On every iteration, @_p will point to the current entry, and @_iter.pos * will be the current entry's index. */ #define genradix_for_each(_radix, _iter, _p) \ genradix_for_each_from(_radix, _iter, _p, 0) int __genradix_prealloc(struct __genradix *, size_t, gfp_t); /** * genradix_prealloc - preallocate entries in a generic radix tree * @_radix: genradix to preallocate * @_nr: number of entries to preallocate * @_gfp: gfp mask * * Returns 0 on success, -ENOMEM on failure */ #define genradix_prealloc(_radix, _nr, _gfp) \ __genradix_prealloc(&(_radix)->tree, \ __genradix_idx_to_offset(_radix, _nr + 1),\ _gfp) #endif /* _LINUX_GENERIC_RADIX_TREE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef LINUX_CRASH_DUMP_H #define LINUX_CRASH_DUMP_H #include <linux/kexec.h> #include <linux/proc_fs.h> #include <linux/elf.h> #include <linux/pgtable.h> #include <uapi/linux/vmcore.h> #include <linux/pgtable.h> /* for pgprot_t */ #ifdef CONFIG_CRASH_DUMP #define ELFCORE_ADDR_MAX (-1ULL) #define ELFCORE_ADDR_ERR (-2ULL) extern unsigned long long elfcorehdr_addr; extern unsigned long long elfcorehdr_size; extern int elfcorehdr_alloc(unsigned long long *addr, unsigned long long *size); extern void elfcorehdr_free(unsigned long long addr); extern ssize_t elfcorehdr_read(char *buf, size_t count, u64 *ppos); extern ssize_t elfcorehdr_read_notes(char *buf, size_t count, u64 *ppos); extern int remap_oldmem_pfn_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long from, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot); extern ssize_t copy_oldmem_page(unsigned long, char *, size_t, unsigned long, int); extern ssize_t copy_oldmem_page_encrypted(unsigned long pfn, char *buf, size_t csize, unsigned long offset, int userbuf); void vmcore_cleanup(void); /* Architecture code defines this if there are other possible ELF * machine types, e.g. on bi-arch capable hardware. */ #ifndef vmcore_elf_check_arch_cross #define vmcore_elf_check_arch_cross(x) 0 #endif /* * Architecture code can redefine this if there are any special checks * needed for 32-bit ELF or 64-bit ELF vmcores. In case of 32-bit * only architecture, vmcore_elf64_check_arch can be set to zero. */ #ifndef vmcore_elf32_check_arch #define vmcore_elf32_check_arch(x) elf_check_arch(x) #endif #ifndef vmcore_elf64_check_arch #define vmcore_elf64_check_arch(x) (elf_check_arch(x) || vmcore_elf_check_arch_cross(x)) #endif /* * is_kdump_kernel() checks whether this kernel is booting after a panic of * previous kernel or not. This is determined by checking if previous kernel * has passed the elf core header address on command line. * * This is not just a test if CONFIG_CRASH_DUMP is enabled or not. It will * return true if CONFIG_CRASH_DUMP=y and if kernel is booting after a panic * of previous kernel. */ static inline bool is_kdump_kernel(void) { return elfcorehdr_addr != ELFCORE_ADDR_MAX; } /* is_vmcore_usable() checks if the kernel is booting after a panic and * the vmcore region is usable. * * This makes use of the fact that due to alignment -2ULL is not * a valid pointer, much in the vain of IS_ERR(), except * dealing directly with an unsigned long long rather than a pointer. */ static inline int is_vmcore_usable(void) { return is_kdump_kernel() && elfcorehdr_addr != ELFCORE_ADDR_ERR ? 1 : 0; } /* vmcore_unusable() marks the vmcore as unusable, * without disturbing the logic of is_kdump_kernel() */ static inline void vmcore_unusable(void) { if (is_kdump_kernel()) elfcorehdr_addr = ELFCORE_ADDR_ERR; } #define HAVE_OLDMEM_PFN_IS_RAM 1 extern int register_oldmem_pfn_is_ram(int (*fn)(unsigned long pfn)); extern void unregister_oldmem_pfn_is_ram(void); #else /* !CONFIG_CRASH_DUMP */ static inline bool is_kdump_kernel(void) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_CRASH_DUMP */ /* Device Dump information to be filled by drivers */ struct vmcoredd_data { char dump_name[VMCOREDD_MAX_NAME_BYTES]; /* Unique name of the dump */ unsigned int size; /* Size of the dump */ /* Driver's registered callback to be invoked to collect dump */ int (*vmcoredd_callback)(struct vmcoredd_data *data, void *buf); }; #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_VMCORE_DEVICE_DUMP int vmcore_add_device_dump(struct vmcoredd_data *data); #else static inline int vmcore_add_device_dump(struct vmcoredd_data *data) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } #endif /* CONFIG_PROC_VMCORE_DEVICE_DUMP */ #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_VMCORE ssize_t read_from_oldmem(char *buf, size_t count, u64 *ppos, int userbuf, bool encrypted); #else static inline ssize_t read_from_oldmem(char *buf, size_t count, u64 *ppos, int userbuf, bool encrypted) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } #endif /* CONFIG_PROC_VMCORE */ #endif /* LINUX_CRASHDUMP_H */
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * kref.h - library routines for handling generic reference counted objects * * Copyright (C) 2004 Greg Kroah-Hartman <greg@kroah.com> * Copyright (C) 2004 IBM Corp. * * based on kobject.h which was: * Copyright (C) 2002-2003 Patrick Mochel <mochel@osdl.org> * Copyright (C) 2002-2003 Open Source Development Labs */ #ifndef _KREF_H_ #define _KREF_H_ #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> struct kref { refcount_t refcount; }; #define KREF_INIT(n) { .refcount = REFCOUNT_INIT(n), } /** * kref_init - initialize object. * @kref: object in question. */ static inline void kref_init(struct kref *kref) { refcount_set(&kref->refcount, 1); } static inline unsigned int kref_read(const struct kref *kref) { return refcount_read(&kref->refcount); } /** * kref_get - increment refcount for object. * @kref: object. */ static inline void kref_get(struct kref *kref) { refcount_inc(&kref->refcount); } /** * kref_put - decrement refcount for object. * @kref: object. * @release: pointer to the function that will clean up the object when the * last reference to the object is released. * This pointer is required, and it is not acceptable to pass kfree * in as this function. * * Decrement the refcount, and if 0, call release(). * Return 1 if the object was removed, otherwise return 0. Beware, if this * function returns 0, you still can not count on the kref from remaining in * memory. Only use the return value if you want to see if the kref is now * gone, not present. */ static inline int kref_put(struct kref *kref, void (*release)(struct kref *kref)) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&kref->refcount)) { release(kref); return 1; } return 0; } static inline int kref_put_mutex(struct kref *kref, void (*release)(struct kref *kref), struct mutex *lock) { if (refcount_dec_and_mutex_lock(&kref->refcount, lock)) { release(kref); return 1; } return 0; } static inline int kref_put_lock(struct kref *kref, void (*release)(struct kref *kref), spinlock_t *lock) { if (refcount_dec_and_lock(&kref->refcount, lock)) { release(kref); return 1; } return 0; } /** * kref_get_unless_zero - Increment refcount for object unless it is zero. * @kref: object. * * Return non-zero if the increment succeeded. Otherwise return 0. * * This function is intended to simplify locking around refcounting for * objects that can be looked up from a lookup structure, and which are * removed from that lookup structure in the object destructor. * Operations on such objects require at least a read lock around * lookup + kref_get, and a write lock around kref_put + remove from lookup * structure. Furthermore, RCU implementations become extremely tricky. * With a lookup followed by a kref_get_unless_zero *with return value check* * locking in the kref_put path can be deferred to the actual removal from * the lookup structure and RCU lookups become trivial. */ static inline int __must_check kref_get_unless_zero(struct kref *kref) { return refcount_inc_not_zero(&kref->refcount); } #endif /* _KREF_H_ */
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1622 1623 1624 1625 1626 1627 1628 1629 1630 1631 1632 1633 1634 1635 1636 1637 1638 1639 1640 1641 1642 1643 1644 1645 1646 1647 1648 1649 1650 1651 1652 1653 1654 1655 1656 1657 1658 1659 1660 1661 1662 1663 1664 1665 1666 1667 1668 1669 1670 1671 1672 1673 1674 1675 1676 1677 1678 1679 1680 1681 1682 1683 1684 1685 1686 1687 1688 1689 1690 1691 1692 1693 1694 1695 1696 1697 1698 1699 1700 1701 1702 1703 1704 1705 1706 1707 1708 1709 1710 1711 1712 1713 1714 1715 1716 1717 1718 1719 1720 1721 1722 1723 1724 1725 1726 1727 1728 1729 1730 1731 1732 1733 1734 1735 1736 1737 1738 1739 1740 1741 1742 1743 1744 1745 1746 1747 1748 1749 1750 1751 1752 1753 1754 1755 1756 1757 1758 1759 1760 1761 1762 1763 1764 1765 1766 1767 1768 1769 1770 1771 1772 1773 1774 1775 1776 1777 1778 1779 1780 1781 1782 1783 1784 1785 1786 1787 1788 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * linux/include/linux/jbd2.h * * Written by Stephen C. Tweedie <sct@redhat.com> * * Copyright 1998-2000 Red Hat, Inc --- All Rights Reserved * * Definitions for transaction data structures for the buffer cache * filesystem journaling support. */ #ifndef _LINUX_JBD2_H #define _LINUX_JBD2_H /* Allow this file to be included directly into e2fsprogs */ #ifndef __KERNEL__ #include "jfs_compat.h" #define JBD2_DEBUG #else #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/buffer_head.h> #include <linux/journal-head.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/timer.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/bit_spinlock.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <crypto/hash.h> #endif #define journal_oom_retry 1 /* * Define JBD2_PARANIOD_IOFAIL to cause a kernel BUG() if ext4 finds * certain classes of error which can occur due to failed IOs. Under * normal use we want ext4 to continue after such errors, because * hardware _can_ fail, but for debugging purposes when running tests on * known-good hardware we may want to trap these errors. */ #undef JBD2_PARANOID_IOFAIL /* * The default maximum commit age, in seconds. */ #define JBD2_DEFAULT_MAX_COMMIT_AGE 5 #ifdef CONFIG_JBD2_DEBUG /* * Define JBD2_EXPENSIVE_CHECKING to enable more expensive internal * consistency checks. By default we don't do this unless * CONFIG_JBD2_DEBUG is on. */ #define JBD2_EXPENSIVE_CHECKING extern ushort jbd2_journal_enable_debug; void __jbd2_debug(int level, const char *file, const char *func, unsigned int line, const char *fmt, ...); #define jbd_debug(n, fmt, a...) \ __jbd2_debug((n), __FILE__, __func__, __LINE__, (fmt), ##a) #else #define jbd_debug(n, fmt, a...) /**/ #endif extern void *jbd2_alloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags); extern void jbd2_free(void *ptr, size_t size); #define JBD2_MIN_JOURNAL_BLOCKS 1024 #define JBD2_MIN_FC_BLOCKS 256 #ifdef __KERNEL__ /** * typedef handle_t - The handle_t type represents a single atomic update being performed by some process. * * All filesystem modifications made by the process go * through this handle. Recursive operations (such as quota operations) * are gathered into a single update. * * The buffer credits field is used to account for journaled buffers * being modified by the running process. To ensure that there is * enough log space for all outstanding operations, we need to limit the * number of outstanding buffers possible at any time. When the * operation completes, any buffer credits not used are credited back to * the transaction, so that at all times we know how many buffers the * outstanding updates on a transaction might possibly touch. * * This is an opaque datatype. **/ typedef struct jbd2_journal_handle handle_t; /* Atomic operation type */ /** * typedef journal_t - The journal_t maintains all of the journaling state information for a single filesystem. * * journal_t is linked to from the fs superblock structure. * * We use the journal_t to keep track of all outstanding transaction * activity on the filesystem, and to manage the state of the log * writing process. * * This is an opaque datatype. **/ typedef struct journal_s journal_t; /* Journal control structure */ #endif /* * Internal structures used by the logging mechanism: */ #define JBD2_MAGIC_NUMBER 0xc03b3998U /* The first 4 bytes of /dev/random! */ /* * On-disk structures */ /* * Descriptor block types: */ #define JBD2_DESCRIPTOR_BLOCK 1 #define JBD2_COMMIT_BLOCK 2 #define JBD2_SUPERBLOCK_V1 3 #define JBD2_SUPERBLOCK_V2 4 #define JBD2_REVOKE_BLOCK 5 /* * Standard header for all descriptor blocks: */ typedef struct journal_header_s { __be32 h_magic; __be32 h_blocktype; __be32 h_sequence; } journal_header_t; /* * Checksum types. */ #define JBD2_CRC32_CHKSUM 1 #define JBD2_MD5_CHKSUM 2 #define JBD2_SHA1_CHKSUM 3 #define JBD2_CRC32C_CHKSUM 4 #define JBD2_CRC32_CHKSUM_SIZE 4 #define JBD2_CHECKSUM_BYTES (32 / sizeof(u32)) /* * Commit block header for storing transactional checksums: * * NOTE: If FEATURE_COMPAT_CHECKSUM (checksum v1) is set, the h_chksum* * fields are used to store a checksum of the descriptor and data blocks. * * If FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V2 (checksum v2) is set, then the h_chksum * field is used to store crc32c(uuid+commit_block). Each journal metadata * block gets its own checksum, and data block checksums are stored in * journal_block_tag (in the descriptor). The other h_chksum* fields are * not used. * * If FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V3 is set, the descriptor block uses * journal_block_tag3_t to store a full 32-bit checksum. Everything else * is the same as v2. * * Checksum v1, v2, and v3 are mutually exclusive features. */ struct commit_header { __be32 h_magic; __be32 h_blocktype; __be32 h_sequence; unsigned char h_chksum_type; unsigned char h_chksum_size; unsigned char h_padding[2]; __be32 h_chksum[JBD2_CHECKSUM_BYTES]; __be64 h_commit_sec; __be32 h_commit_nsec; }; /* * The block tag: used to describe a single buffer in the journal. * t_blocknr_high is only used if INCOMPAT_64BIT is set, so this * raw struct shouldn't be used for pointer math or sizeof() - use * journal_tag_bytes(journal) instead to compute this. */ typedef struct journal_block_tag3_s { __be32 t_blocknr; /* The on-disk block number */ __be32 t_flags; /* See below */ __be32 t_blocknr_high; /* most-significant high 32bits. */ __be32 t_checksum; /* crc32c(uuid+seq+block) */ } journal_block_tag3_t; typedef struct journal_block_tag_s { __be32 t_blocknr; /* The on-disk block number */ __be16 t_checksum; /* truncated crc32c(uuid+seq+block) */ __be16 t_flags; /* See below */ __be32 t_blocknr_high; /* most-significant high 32bits. */ } journal_block_tag_t; /* Tail of descriptor or revoke block, for checksumming */ struct jbd2_journal_block_tail { __be32 t_checksum; /* crc32c(uuid+descr_block) */ }; /* * The revoke descriptor: used on disk to describe a series of blocks to * be revoked from the log */ typedef struct jbd2_journal_revoke_header_s { journal_header_t r_header; __be32 r_count; /* Count of bytes used in the block */ } jbd2_journal_revoke_header_t; /* Definitions for the journal tag flags word: */ #define JBD2_FLAG_ESCAPE 1 /* on-disk block is escaped */ #define JBD2_FLAG_SAME_UUID 2 /* block has same uuid as previous */ #define JBD2_FLAG_DELETED 4 /* block deleted by this transaction */ #define JBD2_FLAG_LAST_TAG 8 /* last tag in this descriptor block */ /* * The journal superblock. All fields are in big-endian byte order. */ typedef struct journal_superblock_s { /* 0x0000 */ journal_header_t s_header; /* 0x000C */ /* Static information describing the journal */ __be32 s_blocksize; /* journal device blocksize */ __be32 s_maxlen; /* total blocks in journal file */ __be32 s_first; /* first block of log information */ /* 0x0018 */ /* Dynamic information describing the current state of the log */ __be32 s_sequence; /* first commit ID expected in log */ __be32 s_start; /* blocknr of start of log */ /* 0x0020 */ /* Error value, as set by jbd2_journal_abort(). */ __be32 s_errno; /* 0x0024 */ /* Remaining fields are only valid in a version-2 superblock */ __be32 s_feature_compat; /* compatible feature set */ __be32 s_feature_incompat; /* incompatible feature set */ __be32 s_feature_ro_compat; /* readonly-compatible feature set */ /* 0x0030 */ __u8 s_uuid[16]; /* 128-bit uuid for journal */ /* 0x0040 */ __be32 s_nr_users; /* Nr of filesystems sharing log */ __be32 s_dynsuper; /* Blocknr of dynamic superblock copy*/ /* 0x0048 */ __be32 s_max_transaction; /* Limit of journal blocks per trans.*/ __be32 s_max_trans_data; /* Limit of data blocks per trans. */ /* 0x0050 */ __u8 s_checksum_type; /* checksum type */ __u8 s_padding2[3]; /* 0x0054 */ __be32 s_num_fc_blks; /* Number of fast commit blocks */ /* 0x0058 */ __u32 s_padding[41]; __be32 s_checksum; /* crc32c(superblock) */ /* 0x0100 */ __u8 s_users[16*48]; /* ids of all fs'es sharing the log */ /* 0x0400 */ } journal_superblock_t; /* Use the jbd2_{has,set,clear}_feature_* helpers; these will be removed */ #define JBD2_HAS_COMPAT_FEATURE(j,mask) \ ((j)->j_format_version >= 2 && \ ((j)->j_superblock->s_feature_compat & cpu_to_be32((mask)))) #define JBD2_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(j,mask) \ ((j)->j_format_version >= 2 && \ ((j)->j_superblock->s_feature_ro_compat & cpu_to_be32((mask)))) #define JBD2_HAS_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(j,mask) \ ((j)->j_format_version >= 2 && \ ((j)->j_superblock->s_feature_incompat & cpu_to_be32((mask)))) #define JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_CHECKSUM 0x00000001 #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_REVOKE 0x00000001 #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_64BIT 0x00000002 #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_ASYNC_COMMIT 0x00000004 #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V2 0x00000008 #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V3 0x00000010 #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FAST_COMMIT 0x00000020 /* See "journal feature predicate functions" below */ /* Features known to this kernel version: */ #define JBD2_KNOWN_COMPAT_FEATURES JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_CHECKSUM #define JBD2_KNOWN_ROCOMPAT_FEATURES 0 #define JBD2_KNOWN_INCOMPAT_FEATURES (JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_REVOKE | \ JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_64BIT | \ JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_ASYNC_COMMIT | \ JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V2 | \ JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V3 | \ JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FAST_COMMIT) #ifdef __KERNEL__ #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/sched.h> enum jbd_state_bits { BH_JBD /* Has an attached ext3 journal_head */ = BH_PrivateStart, BH_JWrite, /* Being written to log (@@@ DEBUGGING) */ BH_Freed, /* Has been freed (truncated) */ BH_Revoked, /* Has been revoked from the log */ BH_RevokeValid, /* Revoked flag is valid */ BH_JBDDirty, /* Is dirty but journaled */ BH_JournalHead, /* Pins bh->b_private and jh->b_bh */ BH_Shadow, /* IO on shadow buffer is running */ BH_Verified, /* Metadata block has been verified ok */ BH_JBDPrivateStart, /* First bit available for private use by FS */ }; BUFFER_FNS(JBD, jbd) BUFFER_FNS(JWrite, jwrite) BUFFER_FNS(JBDDirty, jbddirty) TAS_BUFFER_FNS(JBDDirty, jbddirty) BUFFER_FNS(Revoked, revoked) TAS_BUFFER_FNS(Revoked, revoked) BUFFER_FNS(RevokeValid, revokevalid) TAS_BUFFER_FNS(RevokeValid, revokevalid) BUFFER_FNS(Freed, freed) BUFFER_FNS(Shadow, shadow) BUFFER_FNS(Verified, verified) static inline struct buffer_head *jh2bh(struct journal_head *jh) { return jh->b_bh; } static inline struct journal_head *bh2jh(struct buffer_head *bh) { return bh->b_private; } static inline void jbd_lock_bh_journal_head(struct buffer_head *bh) { bit_spin_lock(BH_JournalHead, &bh->b_state); } static inline void jbd_unlock_bh_journal_head(struct buffer_head *bh) { bit_spin_unlock(BH_JournalHead, &bh->b_state); } #define J_ASSERT(assert) BUG_ON(!(assert)) #define J_ASSERT_BH(bh, expr) J_ASSERT(expr) #define J_ASSERT_JH(jh, expr) J_ASSERT(expr) #if defined(JBD2_PARANOID_IOFAIL) #define J_EXPECT(expr, why...) J_ASSERT(expr) #define J_EXPECT_BH(bh, expr, why...) J_ASSERT_BH(bh, expr) #define J_EXPECT_JH(jh, expr, why...) J_ASSERT_JH(jh, expr) #else #define __journal_expect(expr, why...) \ ({ \ int val = (expr); \ if (!val) { \ printk(KERN_ERR \ "JBD2 unexpected failure: %s: %s;\n", \ __func__, #expr); \ printk(KERN_ERR why "\n"); \ } \ val; \ }) #define J_EXPECT(expr, why...) __journal_expect(expr, ## why) #define J_EXPECT_BH(bh, expr, why...) __journal_expect(expr, ## why) #define J_EXPECT_JH(jh, expr, why...) __journal_expect(expr, ## why) #endif /* Flags in jbd_inode->i_flags */ #define __JI_COMMIT_RUNNING 0 #define __JI_WRITE_DATA 1 #define __JI_WAIT_DATA 2 /* * Commit of the inode data in progress. We use this flag to protect us from * concurrent deletion of inode. We cannot use reference to inode for this * since we cannot afford doing last iput() on behalf of kjournald */ #define JI_COMMIT_RUNNING (1 << __JI_COMMIT_RUNNING) /* Write allocated dirty buffers in this inode before commit */ #define JI_WRITE_DATA (1 << __JI_WRITE_DATA) /* Wait for outstanding data writes for this inode before commit */ #define JI_WAIT_DATA (1 << __JI_WAIT_DATA) /** * struct jbd2_inode - The jbd_inode type is the structure linking inodes in * ordered mode present in a transaction so that we can sync them during commit. */ struct jbd2_inode { /** * @i_transaction: * * Which transaction does this inode belong to? Either the running * transaction or the committing one. [j_list_lock] */ transaction_t *i_transaction; /** * @i_next_transaction: * * Pointer to the running transaction modifying inode's data in case * there is already a committing transaction touching it. [j_list_lock] */ transaction_t *i_next_transaction; /** * @i_list: List of inodes in the i_transaction [j_list_lock] */ struct list_head i_list; /** * @i_vfs_inode: * * VFS inode this inode belongs to [constant for lifetime of structure] */ struct inode *i_vfs_inode; /** * @i_flags: Flags of inode [j_list_lock] */ unsigned long i_flags; /** * @i_dirty_start: * * Offset in bytes where the dirty range for this inode starts. * [j_list_lock] */ loff_t i_dirty_start; /** * @i_dirty_end: * * Inclusive offset in bytes where the dirty range for this inode * ends. [j_list_lock] */ loff_t i_dirty_end; }; struct jbd2_revoke_table_s; /** * struct jbd2_journal_handle - The jbd2_journal_handle type is the concrete * type associated with handle_t. * @h_transaction: Which compound transaction is this update a part of? * @h_journal: Which journal handle belongs to - used iff h_reserved set. * @h_rsv_handle: Handle reserved for finishing the logical operation. * @h_total_credits: Number of remaining buffers we are allowed to add to * journal. These are dirty buffers and revoke descriptor blocks. * @h_revoke_credits: Number of remaining revoke records available for handle * @h_ref: Reference count on this handle. * @h_err: Field for caller's use to track errors through large fs operations. * @h_sync: Flag for sync-on-close. * @h_jdata: Flag to force data journaling. * @h_reserved: Flag for handle for reserved credits. * @h_aborted: Flag indicating fatal error on handle. * @h_type: For handle statistics. * @h_line_no: For handle statistics. * @h_start_jiffies: Handle Start time. * @h_requested_credits: Holds @h_total_credits after handle is started. * @h_revoke_credits_requested: Holds @h_revoke_credits after handle is started. * @saved_alloc_context: Saved context while transaction is open. **/ /* Docbook can't yet cope with the bit fields, but will leave the documentation * in so it can be fixed later. */ struct jbd2_journal_handle { union { transaction_t *h_transaction; /* Which journal handle belongs to - used iff h_reserved set */ journal_t *h_journal; }; handle_t *h_rsv_handle; int h_total_credits; int h_revoke_credits; int h_revoke_credits_requested; int h_ref; int h_err; /* Flags [no locking] */ unsigned int h_sync: 1; unsigned int h_jdata: 1; unsigned int h_reserved: 1; unsigned int h_aborted: 1; unsigned int h_type: 8; unsigned int h_line_no: 16; unsigned long h_start_jiffies; unsigned int h_requested_credits; unsigned int saved_alloc_context; }; /* * Some stats for checkpoint phase */ struct transaction_chp_stats_s { unsigned long cs_chp_time; __u32 cs_forced_to_close; __u32 cs_written; __u32 cs_dropped; }; /* The transaction_t type is the guts of the journaling mechanism. It * tracks a compound transaction through its various states: * * RUNNING: accepting new updates * LOCKED: Updates still running but we don't accept new ones * RUNDOWN: Updates are tidying up but have finished requesting * new buffers to modify (state not used for now) * FLUSH: All updates complete, but we are still writing to disk * COMMIT: All data on disk, writing commit record * FINISHED: We still have to keep the transaction for checkpointing. * * The transaction keeps track of all of the buffers modified by a * running transaction, and all of the buffers committed but not yet * flushed to home for finished transactions. */ /* * Lock ranking: * * j_list_lock * ->jbd_lock_bh_journal_head() (This is "innermost") * * j_state_lock * ->b_state_lock * * b_state_lock * ->j_list_lock * * j_state_lock * ->t_handle_lock * * j_state_lock * ->j_list_lock (journal_unmap_buffer) * */ struct transaction_s { /* Pointer to the journal for this transaction. [no locking] */ journal_t *t_journal; /* Sequence number for this transaction [no locking] */ tid_t t_tid; /* * Transaction's current state * [no locking - only kjournald2 alters this] * [j_list_lock] guards transition of a transaction into T_FINISHED * state and subsequent call of __jbd2_journal_drop_transaction() * FIXME: needs barriers * KLUDGE: [use j_state_lock] */ enum { T_RUNNING, T_LOCKED, T_SWITCH, T_FLUSH, T_COMMIT, T_COMMIT_DFLUSH, T_COMMIT_JFLUSH, T_COMMIT_CALLBACK, T_FINISHED } t_state; /* * Where in the log does this transaction's commit start? [no locking] */ unsigned long t_log_start; /* Number of buffers on the t_buffers list [j_list_lock] */ int t_nr_buffers; /* * Doubly-linked circular list of all buffers reserved but not yet * modified by this transaction [j_list_lock] */ struct journal_head *t_reserved_list; /* * Doubly-linked circular list of all metadata buffers owned by this * transaction [j_list_lock] */ struct journal_head *t_buffers; /* * Doubly-linked circular list of all forget buffers (superseded * buffers which we can un-checkpoint once this transaction commits) * [j_list_lock] */ struct journal_head *t_forget; /* * Doubly-linked circular list of all buffers still to be flushed before * this transaction can be checkpointed. [j_list_lock] */ struct journal_head *t_checkpoint_list; /* * Doubly-linked circular list of all buffers submitted for IO while * checkpointing. [j_list_lock] */ struct journal_head *t_checkpoint_io_list; /* * Doubly-linked circular list of metadata buffers being shadowed by log * IO. The IO buffers on the iobuf list and the shadow buffers on this * list match each other one for one at all times. [j_list_lock] */ struct journal_head *t_shadow_list; /* * List of inodes associated with the transaction; e.g., ext4 uses * this to track inodes in data=ordered and data=journal mode that * need special handling on transaction commit; also used by ocfs2. * [j_list_lock] */ struct list_head t_inode_list; /* * Protects info related to handles */ spinlock_t t_handle_lock; /* * Longest time some handle had to wait for running transaction */ unsigned long t_max_wait; /* * When transaction started */ unsigned long t_start; /* * When commit was requested */ unsigned long t_requested; /* * Checkpointing stats [j_checkpoint_sem] */ struct transaction_chp_stats_s t_chp_stats; /* * Number of outstanding updates running on this transaction * [none] */ atomic_t t_updates; /* * Number of blocks reserved for this transaction in the journal. * This is including all credits reserved when starting transaction * handles as well as all journal descriptor blocks needed for this * transaction. [none] */ atomic_t t_outstanding_credits; /* * Number of revoke records for this transaction added by already * stopped handles. [none] */ atomic_t t_outstanding_revokes; /* * How many handles used this transaction? [none] */ atomic_t t_handle_count; /* * Forward and backward links for the circular list of all transactions * awaiting checkpoint. [j_list_lock] */ transaction_t *t_cpnext, *t_cpprev; /* * When will the transaction expire (become due for commit), in jiffies? * [no locking] */ unsigned long t_expires; /* * When this transaction started, in nanoseconds [no locking] */ ktime_t t_start_time; /* * This transaction is being forced and some process is * waiting for it to finish. */ unsigned int t_synchronous_commit:1; /* Disk flush needs to be sent to fs partition [no locking] */ int t_need_data_flush; /* * For use by the filesystem to store fs-specific data * structures associated with the transaction */ struct list_head t_private_list; }; struct transaction_run_stats_s { unsigned long rs_wait; unsigned long rs_request_delay; unsigned long rs_running; unsigned long rs_locked; unsigned long rs_flushing; unsigned long rs_logging; __u32 rs_handle_count; __u32 rs_blocks; __u32 rs_blocks_logged; }; struct transaction_stats_s { unsigned long ts_tid; unsigned long ts_requested; struct transaction_run_stats_s run; }; static inline unsigned long jbd2_time_diff(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { if (end >= start) return end - start; return end + (MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET - start); } #define JBD2_NR_BATCH 64 enum passtype {PASS_SCAN, PASS_REVOKE, PASS_REPLAY}; #define JBD2_FC_REPLAY_STOP 0 #define JBD2_FC_REPLAY_CONTINUE 1 /** * struct journal_s - The journal_s type is the concrete type associated with * journal_t. */ struct journal_s { /** * @j_flags: General journaling state flags [j_state_lock] */ unsigned long j_flags; /** * @j_errno: * * Is there an outstanding uncleared error on the journal (from a prior * abort)? [j_state_lock] */ int j_errno; /** * @j_abort_mutex: Lock the whole aborting procedure. */ struct mutex j_abort_mutex; /** * @j_sb_buffer: The first part of the superblock buffer. */ struct buffer_head *j_sb_buffer; /** * @j_superblock: The second part of the superblock buffer. */ journal_superblock_t *j_superblock; /** * @j_format_version: Version of the superblock format. */ int j_format_version; /** * @j_state_lock: Protect the various scalars in the journal. */ rwlock_t j_state_lock; /** * @j_barrier_count: * * Number of processes waiting to create a barrier lock [j_state_lock] */ int j_barrier_count; /** * @j_barrier: The barrier lock itself. */ struct mutex j_barrier; /** * @j_running_transaction: * * Transactions: The current running transaction... * [j_state_lock] [caller holding open handle] */ transaction_t *j_running_transaction; /** * @j_committing_transaction: * * the transaction we are pushing to disk * [j_state_lock] [caller holding open handle] */ transaction_t *j_committing_transaction; /** * @j_checkpoint_transactions: * * ... and a linked circular list of all transactions waiting for * checkpointing. [j_list_lock] */ transaction_t *j_checkpoint_transactions; /** * @j_wait_transaction_locked: * * Wait queue for waiting for a locked transaction to start committing, * or for a barrier lock to be released. */ wait_queue_head_t j_wait_transaction_locked; /** * @j_wait_done_commit: Wait queue for waiting for commit to complete. */ wait_queue_head_t j_wait_done_commit; /** * @j_wait_commit: Wait queue to trigger commit. */ wait_queue_head_t j_wait_commit; /** * @j_wait_updates: Wait queue to wait for updates to complete. */ wait_queue_head_t j_wait_updates; /** * @j_wait_reserved: * * Wait queue to wait for reserved buffer credits to drop. */ wait_queue_head_t j_wait_reserved; /** * @j_fc_wait: * * Wait queue to wait for completion of async fast commits. */ wait_queue_head_t j_fc_wait; /** * @j_checkpoint_mutex: * * Semaphore for locking against concurrent checkpoints. */ struct mutex j_checkpoint_mutex; /** * @j_chkpt_bhs: * * List of buffer heads used by the checkpoint routine. This * was moved from jbd2_log_do_checkpoint() to reduce stack * usage. Access to this array is controlled by the * @j_checkpoint_mutex. [j_checkpoint_mutex] */ struct buffer_head *j_chkpt_bhs[JBD2_NR_BATCH]; /** * @j_head: * * Journal head: identifies the first unused block in the journal. * [j_state_lock] */ unsigned long j_head; /** * @j_tail: * * Journal tail: identifies the oldest still-used block in the journal. * [j_state_lock] */ unsigned long j_tail; /** * @j_free: * * Journal free: how many free blocks are there in the journal? * [j_state_lock] */ unsigned long j_free; /** * @j_first: * * The block number of the first usable block in the journal * [j_state_lock]. */ unsigned long j_first; /** * @j_last: * * The block number one beyond the last usable block in the journal * [j_state_lock]. */ unsigned long j_last; /** * @j_fc_first: * * The block number of the first fast commit block in the journal * [j_state_lock]. */ unsigned long j_fc_first; /** * @j_fc_off: * * Number of fast commit blocks currently allocated. Accessed only * during fast commit. Currently only process can do fast commit, so * this field is not protected by any lock. */ unsigned long j_fc_off; /** * @j_fc_last: * * The block number one beyond the last fast commit block in the journal * [j_state_lock]. */ unsigned long j_fc_last; /** * @j_dev: Device where we store the journal. */ struct block_device *j_dev; /** * @j_blocksize: Block size for the location where we store the journal. */ int j_blocksize; /** * @j_blk_offset: * * Starting block offset into the device where we store the journal. */ unsigned long long j_blk_offset; /** * @j_devname: Journal device name. */ char j_devname[BDEVNAME_SIZE+24]; /** * @j_fs_dev: * * Device which holds the client fs. For internal journal this will be * equal to j_dev. */ struct block_device *j_fs_dev; /** * @j_total_len: Total maximum capacity of the journal region on disk. */ unsigned int j_total_len; /** * @j_reserved_credits: * * Number of buffers reserved from the running transaction. */ atomic_t j_reserved_credits; /** * @j_list_lock: Protects the buffer lists and internal buffer state. */ spinlock_t j_list_lock; /** * @j_inode: * * Optional inode where we store the journal. If present, all * journal block numbers are mapped into this inode via bmap(). */ struct inode *j_inode; /** * @j_tail_sequence: * * Sequence number of the oldest transaction in the log [j_state_lock] */ tid_t j_tail_sequence; /** * @j_transaction_sequence: * * Sequence number of the next transaction to grant [j_state_lock] */ tid_t j_transaction_sequence; /** * @j_commit_sequence: * * Sequence number of the most recently committed transaction * [j_state_lock]. */ tid_t j_commit_sequence; /** * @j_commit_request: * * Sequence number of the most recent transaction wanting commit * [j_state_lock] */ tid_t j_commit_request; /** * @j_uuid: * * Journal uuid: identifies the object (filesystem, LVM volume etc) * backed by this journal. This will eventually be replaced by an array * of uuids, allowing us to index multiple devices within a single * journal and to perform atomic updates across them. */ __u8 j_uuid[16]; /** * @j_task: Pointer to the current commit thread for this journal. */ struct task_struct *j_task; /** * @j_max_transaction_buffers: * * Maximum number of metadata buffers to allow in a single compound * commit transaction. */ int j_max_transaction_buffers; /** * @j_revoke_records_per_block: * * Number of revoke records that fit in one descriptor block. */ int j_revoke_records_per_block; /** * @j_commit_interval: * * What is the maximum transaction lifetime before we begin a commit? */ unsigned long j_commit_interval; /** * @j_commit_timer: The timer used to wakeup the commit thread. */ struct timer_list j_commit_timer; /** * @j_revoke_lock: Protect the revoke table. */ spinlock_t j_revoke_lock; /** * @j_revoke: * * The revoke table - maintains the list of revoked blocks in the * current transaction. */ struct jbd2_revoke_table_s *j_revoke; /** * @j_revoke_table: Alternate revoke tables for j_revoke. */ struct jbd2_revoke_table_s *j_revoke_table[2]; /** * @j_wbuf: Array of bhs for jbd2_journal_commit_transaction. */ struct buffer_head **j_wbuf; /** * @j_fc_wbuf: Array of fast commit bhs for fast commit. Accessed only * during a fast commit. Currently only process can do fast commit, so * this field is not protected by any lock. */ struct buffer_head **j_fc_wbuf; /** * @j_wbufsize: * * Size of @j_wbuf array. */ int j_wbufsize; /** * @j_fc_wbufsize: * * Size of @j_fc_wbuf array. */ int j_fc_wbufsize; /** * @j_last_sync_writer: * * The pid of the last person to run a synchronous operation * through the journal. */ pid_t j_last_sync_writer; /** * @j_average_commit_time: * * The average amount of time in nanoseconds it takes to commit a * transaction to disk. [j_state_lock] */ u64 j_average_commit_time; /** * @j_min_batch_time: * * Minimum time that we should wait for additional filesystem operations * to get batched into a synchronous handle in microseconds. */ u32 j_min_batch_time; /** * @j_max_batch_time: * * Maximum time that we should wait for additional filesystem operations * to get batched into a synchronous handle in microseconds. */ u32 j_max_batch_time; /** * @j_commit_callback: * * This function is called when a transaction is closed. */ void (*j_commit_callback)(journal_t *, transaction_t *); /** * @j_submit_inode_data_buffers: * * This function is called for all inodes associated with the * committing transaction marked with JI_WRITE_DATA flag * before we start to write out the transaction to the journal. */ int (*j_submit_inode_data_buffers) (struct jbd2_inode *); /** * @j_finish_inode_data_buffers: * * This function is called for all inodes associated with the * committing transaction marked with JI_WAIT_DATA flag * after we have written the transaction to the journal * but before we write out the commit block. */ int (*j_finish_inode_data_buffers) (struct jbd2_inode *); /* * Journal statistics */ /** * @j_history_lock: Protect the transactions statistics history. */ spinlock_t j_history_lock; /** * @j_proc_entry: procfs entry for the jbd statistics directory. */ struct proc_dir_entry *j_proc_entry; /** * @j_stats: Overall statistics. */ struct transaction_stats_s j_stats; /** * @j_failed_commit: Failed journal commit ID. */ unsigned int j_failed_commit; /** * @j_private: * * An opaque pointer to fs-private information. ext3 puts its * superblock pointer here. */ void *j_private; /** * @j_chksum_driver: * * Reference to checksum algorithm driver via cryptoapi. */ struct crypto_shash *j_chksum_driver; /** * @j_csum_seed: * * Precomputed journal UUID checksum for seeding other checksums. */ __u32 j_csum_seed; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC /** * @j_trans_commit_map: * * Lockdep entity to track transaction commit dependencies. Handles * hold this "lock" for read, when we wait for commit, we acquire the * "lock" for writing. This matches the properties of jbd2 journalling * where the running transaction has to wait for all handles to be * dropped to commit that transaction and also acquiring a handle may * require transaction commit to finish. */ struct lockdep_map j_trans_commit_map; #endif /** * @j_fc_cleanup_callback: * * Clean-up after fast commit or full commit. JBD2 calls this function * after every commit operation. */ void (*j_fc_cleanup_callback)(struct journal_s *journal, int); /** * @j_fc_replay_callback: * * File-system specific function that performs replay of a fast * commit. JBD2 calls this function for each fast commit block found in * the journal. This function should return JBD2_FC_REPLAY_CONTINUE * to indicate that the block was processed correctly and more fast * commit replay should continue. Return value of JBD2_FC_REPLAY_STOP * indicates the end of replay (no more blocks remaining). A negative * return value indicates error. */ int (*j_fc_replay_callback)(struct journal_s *journal, struct buffer_head *bh, enum passtype pass, int off, tid_t expected_commit_id); }; #define jbd2_might_wait_for_commit(j) \ do { \ rwsem_acquire(&j->j_trans_commit_map, 0, 0, _THIS_IP_); \ rwsem_release(&j->j_trans_commit_map, _THIS_IP_); \ } while (0) /* journal feature predicate functions */ #define JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(name, flagname) \ static inline bool jbd2_has_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ return ((j)->j_format_version >= 2 && \ ((j)->j_superblock->s_feature_compat & \ cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_##flagname)) != 0); \ } \ static inline void jbd2_set_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ (j)->j_superblock->s_feature_compat |= \ cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } \ static inline void jbd2_clear_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ (j)->j_superblock->s_feature_compat &= \ ~cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } #define JBD2_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(name, flagname) \ static inline bool jbd2_has_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ return ((j)->j_format_version >= 2 && \ ((j)->j_superblock->s_feature_ro_compat & \ cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_##flagname)) != 0); \ } \ static inline void jbd2_set_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ (j)->j_superblock->s_feature_ro_compat |= \ cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } \ static inline void jbd2_clear_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ (j)->j_superblock->s_feature_ro_compat &= \ ~cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(name, flagname) \ static inline bool jbd2_has_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ return ((j)->j_format_version >= 2 && \ ((j)->j_superblock->s_feature_incompat & \ cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_##flagname)) != 0); \ } \ static inline void jbd2_set_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ (j)->j_superblock->s_feature_incompat |= \ cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_##flagname); \ } \ static inline void jbd2_clear_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ (j)->j_superblock->s_feature_incompat &= \ ~cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_##flagname); \ } JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(checksum, CHECKSUM) JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(revoke, REVOKE) JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(64bit, 64BIT) JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(async_commit, ASYNC_COMMIT) JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(csum2, CSUM_V2) JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(csum3, CSUM_V3) JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(fast_commit, FAST_COMMIT) /* * Journal flag definitions */ #define JBD2_UNMOUNT 0x001 /* Journal thread is being destroyed */ #define JBD2_ABORT 0x002 /* Journaling has been aborted for errors. */ #define JBD2_ACK_ERR 0x004 /* The errno in the sb has been acked */ #define JBD2_FLUSHED 0x008 /* The journal superblock has been flushed */ #define JBD2_LOADED 0x010 /* The journal superblock has been loaded */ #define JBD2_BARRIER 0x020 /* Use IDE barriers */ #define JBD2_ABORT_ON_SYNCDATA_ERR 0x040 /* Abort the journal on file * data write error in ordered * mode */ #define JBD2_FAST_COMMIT_ONGOING 0x100 /* Fast commit is ongoing */ #define JBD2_FULL_COMMIT_ONGOING 0x200 /* Full commit is ongoing */ /* * Function declarations for the journaling transaction and buffer * management */ /* Filing buffers */ extern void jbd2_journal_unfile_buffer(journal_t *, struct journal_head *); extern bool __jbd2_journal_refile_buffer(struct journal_head *); extern void jbd2_journal_refile_buffer(journal_t *, struct journal_head *); extern void __jbd2_journal_file_buffer(struct journal_head *, transaction_t *, int); extern void __journal_free_buffer(struct journal_head *bh); extern void jbd2_journal_file_buffer(struct journal_head *, transaction_t *, int); extern void __journal_clean_data_list(transaction_t *transaction); static inline void jbd2_file_log_bh(struct list_head *head, struct buffer_head *bh) { list_add_tail(&bh->b_assoc_buffers, head); } static inline void jbd2_unfile_log_bh(struct buffer_head *bh) { list_del_init(&bh->b_assoc_buffers); } /* Log buffer allocation */ struct buffer_head *jbd2_journal_get_descriptor_buffer(transaction_t *, int); void jbd2_descriptor_block_csum_set(journal_t *, struct buffer_head *); int jbd2_journal_next_log_block(journal_t *, unsigned long long *); int jbd2_journal_get_log_tail(journal_t *journal, tid_t *tid, unsigned long *block); int __jbd2_update_log_tail(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid, unsigned long block); void jbd2_update_log_tail(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid, unsigned long block); /* Commit management */ extern void jbd2_journal_commit_transaction(journal_t *); /* Checkpoint list management */ void __jbd2_journal_clean_checkpoint_list(journal_t *journal, bool destroy); int __jbd2_journal_remove_checkpoint(struct journal_head *); void jbd2_journal_destroy_checkpoint(journal_t *journal); void __jbd2_journal_insert_checkpoint(struct journal_head *, transaction_t *); /* * Triggers */ struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type { /* * Fired a the moment data to write to the journal are known to be * stable - so either at the moment b_frozen_data is created or just * before a buffer is written to the journal. mapped_data is a mapped * buffer that is the frozen data for commit. */ void (*t_frozen)(struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type *type, struct buffer_head *bh, void *mapped_data, size_t size); /* * Fired during journal abort for dirty buffers that will not be * committed. */ void (*t_abort)(struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type *type, struct buffer_head *bh); }; extern void jbd2_buffer_frozen_trigger(struct journal_head *jh, void *mapped_data, struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type *triggers); extern void jbd2_buffer_abort_trigger(struct journal_head *jh, struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type *triggers); /* Buffer IO */ extern int jbd2_journal_write_metadata_buffer(transaction_t *transaction, struct journal_head *jh_in, struct buffer_head **bh_out, sector_t blocknr); /* Transaction locking */ extern void __wait_on_journal (journal_t *); /* Transaction cache support */ extern void jbd2_journal_destroy_transaction_cache(void); extern int __init jbd2_journal_init_transaction_cache(void); extern void jbd2_journal_free_transaction(transaction_t *); /* * Journal locking. * * We need to lock the journal during transaction state changes so that nobody * ever tries to take a handle on the running transaction while we are in the * middle of moving it to the commit phase. j_state_lock does this. * * Note that the locking is completely interrupt unsafe. We never touch * journal structures from interrupts. */ static inline handle_t *journal_current_handle(void) { return current->journal_info; } /* The journaling code user interface: * * Create and destroy handles * Register buffer modifications against the current transaction. */ extern handle_t *jbd2_journal_start(journal_t *, int nblocks); extern handle_t *jbd2__journal_start(journal_t *, int blocks, int rsv_blocks, int revoke_records, gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int type, unsigned int line_no); extern int jbd2_journal_restart(handle_t *, int nblocks); extern int jbd2__journal_restart(handle_t *, int nblocks, int revoke_records, gfp_t gfp_mask); extern int jbd2_journal_start_reserved(handle_t *handle, unsigned int type, unsigned int line_no); extern void jbd2_journal_free_reserved(handle_t *handle); extern int jbd2_journal_extend(handle_t *handle, int nblocks, int revoke_records); extern int jbd2_journal_get_write_access(handle_t *, struct buffer_head *); extern int jbd2_journal_get_create_access (handle_t *, struct buffer_head *); extern int jbd2_journal_get_undo_access(handle_t *, struct buffer_head *); void jbd2_journal_set_triggers(struct buffer_head *, struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type *type); extern int jbd2_journal_dirty_metadata (handle_t *, struct buffer_head *); extern int jbd2_journal_forget (handle_t *, struct buffer_head *); extern int jbd2_journal_invalidatepage(journal_t *, struct page *, unsigned int, unsigned int); extern int jbd2_journal_try_to_free_buffers(journal_t *journal, struct page *page); extern int jbd2_journal_stop(handle_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_flush (journal_t *); extern void jbd2_journal_lock_updates (journal_t *); extern void jbd2_journal_unlock_updates (journal_t *); extern journal_t * jbd2_journal_init_dev(struct block_device *bdev, struct block_device *fs_dev, unsigned long long start, int len, int bsize); extern journal_t * jbd2_journal_init_inode (struct inode *); extern int jbd2_journal_update_format (journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_check_used_features (journal_t *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern int jbd2_journal_check_available_features (journal_t *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern int jbd2_journal_set_features (journal_t *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern void jbd2_journal_clear_features (journal_t *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern int jbd2_journal_load (journal_t *journal); extern int jbd2_journal_destroy (journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_recover (journal_t *journal); extern int jbd2_journal_wipe (journal_t *, int); extern int jbd2_journal_skip_recovery (journal_t *); extern void jbd2_journal_update_sb_errno(journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_update_sb_log_tail (journal_t *, tid_t, unsigned long, int); extern void jbd2_journal_abort (journal_t *, int); extern int jbd2_journal_errno (journal_t *); extern void jbd2_journal_ack_err (journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_clear_err (journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_bmap(journal_t *, unsigned long, unsigned long long *); extern int jbd2_journal_force_commit(journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_force_commit_nested(journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_inode_ranged_write(handle_t *handle, struct jbd2_inode *inode, loff_t start_byte, loff_t length); extern int jbd2_journal_inode_ranged_wait(handle_t *handle, struct jbd2_inode *inode, loff_t start_byte, loff_t length); extern int jbd2_journal_submit_inode_data_buffers( struct jbd2_inode *jinode); extern int jbd2_journal_finish_inode_data_buffers( struct jbd2_inode *jinode); extern int jbd2_journal_begin_ordered_truncate(journal_t *journal, struct jbd2_inode *inode, loff_t new_size); extern void jbd2_journal_init_jbd_inode(struct jbd2_inode *jinode, struct inode *inode); extern void jbd2_journal_release_jbd_inode(journal_t *journal, struct jbd2_inode *jinode); /* * journal_head management */ struct journal_head *jbd2_journal_add_journal_head(struct buffer_head *bh); struct journal_head *jbd2_journal_grab_journal_head(struct buffer_head *bh); void jbd2_journal_put_journal_head(struct journal_head *jh); /* * handle management */ extern struct kmem_cache *jbd2_handle_cache; static inline handle_t *jbd2_alloc_handle(gfp_t gfp_flags) { return kmem_cache_zalloc(jbd2_handle_cache, gfp_flags); } static inline void jbd2_free_handle(handle_t *handle) { kmem_cache_free(jbd2_handle_cache, handle); } /* * jbd2_inode management (optional, for those file systems that want to use * dynamically allocated jbd2_inode structures) */ extern struct kmem_cache *jbd2_inode_cache; static inline struct jbd2_inode *jbd2_alloc_inode(gfp_t gfp_flags) { return kmem_cache_alloc(jbd2_inode_cache, gfp_flags); } static inline void jbd2_free_inode(struct jbd2_inode *jinode) { kmem_cache_free(jbd2_inode_cache, jinode); } /* Primary revoke support */ #define JOURNAL_REVOKE_DEFAULT_HASH 256 extern int jbd2_journal_init_revoke(journal_t *, int); extern void jbd2_journal_destroy_revoke_record_cache(void); extern void jbd2_journal_destroy_revoke_table_cache(void); extern int __init jbd2_journal_init_revoke_record_cache(void); extern int __init jbd2_journal_init_revoke_table_cache(void); extern void jbd2_journal_destroy_revoke(journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_revoke (handle_t *, unsigned long long, struct buffer_head *); extern int jbd2_journal_cancel_revoke(handle_t *, struct journal_head *); extern void jbd2_journal_write_revoke_records(transaction_t *transaction, struct list_head *log_bufs); /* Recovery revoke support */ extern int jbd2_journal_set_revoke(journal_t *, unsigned long long, tid_t); extern int jbd2_journal_test_revoke(journal_t *, unsigned long long, tid_t); extern void jbd2_journal_clear_revoke(journal_t *); extern void jbd2_journal_switch_revoke_table(journal_t *journal); extern void jbd2_clear_buffer_revoked_flags(journal_t *journal); /* * The log thread user interface: * * Request space in the current transaction, and force transaction commit * transitions on demand. */ int jbd2_log_start_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); int __jbd2_log_start_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); int jbd2_journal_start_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t *tid); int jbd2_log_wait_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); int jbd2_transaction_committed(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); int jbd2_complete_transaction(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); int jbd2_log_do_checkpoint(journal_t *journal); int jbd2_trans_will_send_data_barrier(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); void __jbd2_log_wait_for_space(journal_t *journal); extern void __jbd2_journal_drop_transaction(journal_t *, transaction_t *); extern int jbd2_cleanup_journal_tail(journal_t *); /* Fast commit related APIs */ int jbd2_fc_begin_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); int jbd2_fc_end_commit(journal_t *journal); int jbd2_fc_end_commit_fallback(journal_t *journal); int jbd2_fc_get_buf(journal_t *journal, struct buffer_head **bh_out); int jbd2_submit_inode_data(struct jbd2_inode *jinode); int jbd2_wait_inode_data(journal_t *journal, struct jbd2_inode *jinode); int jbd2_fc_wait_bufs(journal_t *journal, int num_blks); int jbd2_fc_release_bufs(journal_t *journal); static inline int jbd2_journal_get_max_txn_bufs(journal_t *journal) { return (journal->j_total_len - journal->j_fc_wbufsize) / 4; } /* * is_journal_abort * * Simple test wrapper function to test the JBD2_ABORT state flag. This * bit, when set, indicates that we have had a fatal error somewhere, * either inside the journaling layer or indicated to us by the client * (eg. ext3), and that we and should not commit any further * transactions. */ static inline int is_journal_aborted(journal_t *journal) { return journal->j_flags & JBD2_ABORT; } static inline int is_handle_aborted(handle_t *handle) { if (handle->h_aborted || !handle->h_transaction) return 1; return is_journal_aborted(handle->h_transaction->t_journal); } static inline void jbd2_journal_abort_handle(handle_t *handle) { handle->h_aborted = 1; } #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ /* Comparison functions for transaction IDs: perform comparisons using * modulo arithmetic so that they work over sequence number wraps. */ static inline int tid_gt(tid_t x, tid_t y) { int difference = (x - y); return (difference > 0); } static inline int tid_geq(tid_t x, tid_t y) { int difference = (x - y); return (difference >= 0); } extern int jbd2_journal_blocks_per_page(struct inode *inode); extern size_t journal_tag_bytes(journal_t *journal); static inline bool jbd2_journal_has_csum_v2or3_feature(journal_t *j) { return jbd2_has_feature_csum2(j) || jbd2_has_feature_csum3(j); } static inline int jbd2_journal_has_csum_v2or3(journal_t *journal) { WARN_ON_ONCE(jbd2_journal_has_csum_v2or3_feature(journal) && journal->j_chksum_driver == NULL); return journal->j_chksum_driver != NULL; } /* * Return number of free blocks in the log. Must be called under j_state_lock. */ static inline unsigned long jbd2_log_space_left(journal_t *journal) { /* Allow for rounding errors */ long free = journal->j_free - 32; if (journal->j_committing_transaction) { free -= atomic_read(&journal-> j_committing_transaction->t_outstanding_credits); } return max_t(long, free, 0); } /* * Definitions which augment the buffer_head layer */ /* journaling buffer types */ #define BJ_None 0 /* Not journaled */ #define BJ_Metadata 1 /* Normal journaled metadata */ #define BJ_Forget 2 /* Buffer superseded by this transaction */ #define BJ_Shadow 3 /* Buffer contents being shadowed to the log */ #define BJ_Reserved 4 /* Buffer is reserved for access by journal */ #define BJ_Types 5 extern int jbd_blocks_per_page(struct inode *inode); /* JBD uses a CRC32 checksum */ #define JBD_MAX_CHECKSUM_SIZE 4 static inline u32 jbd2_chksum(journal_t *journal, u32 crc, const void *address, unsigned int length) { struct { struct shash_desc shash; char ctx[JBD_MAX_CHECKSUM_SIZE]; } desc; int err; BUG_ON(crypto_shash_descsize(journal->j_chksum_driver) > JBD_MAX_CHECKSUM_SIZE); desc.shash.tfm = journal->j_chksum_driver; *(u32 *)desc.ctx = crc; err = crypto_shash_update(&desc.shash, address, length); BUG_ON(err); return *(u32 *)desc.ctx; } /* Return most recent uncommitted transaction */ static inline tid_t jbd2_get_latest_transaction(journal_t *journal) { tid_t tid; read_lock(&journal->j_state_lock); tid = journal->j_commit_request; if (journal->j_running_transaction) tid = journal->j_running_transaction->t_tid; read_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); return tid; } static inline int jbd2_handle_buffer_credits(handle_t *handle) { journal_t *journal; if (!handle->h_reserved) journal = handle->h_transaction->t_journal; else journal = handle->h_journal; return handle->h_total_credits - DIV_ROUND_UP(handle->h_revoke_credits_requested, journal->j_revoke_records_per_block); } #ifdef __KERNEL__ #define buffer_trace_init(bh) do {} while (0) #define print_buffer_fields(bh) do {} while (0) #define print_buffer_trace(bh) do {} while (0) #define BUFFER_TRACE(bh, info) do {} while (0) #define BUFFER_TRACE2(bh, bh2, info) do {} while (0) #define JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, info) do {} while (0) #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #define EFSBADCRC EBADMSG /* Bad CRC detected */ #define EFSCORRUPTED EUCLEAN /* Filesystem is corrupted */ #endif /* _LINUX_JBD2_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * Fast and scalable bitmaps. * * Copyright (C) 2016 Facebook * Copyright (C) 2013-2014 Jens Axboe */ #ifndef __LINUX_SCALE_BITMAP_H #define __LINUX_SCALE_BITMAP_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/slab.h> struct seq_file; /** * struct sbitmap_word - Word in a &struct sbitmap. */ struct sbitmap_word { /** * @depth: Number of bits being used in @word/@cleared */ unsigned long depth; /** * @word: word holding free bits */ unsigned long word ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /** * @cleared: word holding cleared bits */ unsigned long cleared ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /** * @swap_lock: Held while swapping word <-> cleared */ spinlock_t swap_lock; } ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /** * struct sbitmap - Scalable bitmap. * * A &struct sbitmap is spread over multiple cachelines to avoid ping-pong. This * trades off higher memory usage for better scalability. */ struct sbitmap { /** * @depth: Number of bits used in the whole bitmap. */ unsigned int depth; /** * @shift: log2(number of bits used per word) */ unsigned int shift; /** * @map_nr: Number of words (cachelines) being used for the bitmap. */ unsigned int map_nr; /** * @map: Allocated bitmap. */ struct sbitmap_word *map; }; #define SBQ_WAIT_QUEUES 8 #define SBQ_WAKE_BATCH 8 /** * struct sbq_wait_state - Wait queue in a &struct sbitmap_queue. */ struct sbq_wait_state { /** * @wait_cnt: Number of frees remaining before we wake up. */ atomic_t wait_cnt; /** * @wait: Wait queue. */ wait_queue_head_t wait; } ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /** * struct sbitmap_queue - Scalable bitmap with the added ability to wait on free * bits. * * A &struct sbitmap_queue uses multiple wait queues and rolling wakeups to * avoid contention on the wait queue spinlock. This ensures that we don't hit a * scalability wall when we run out of free bits and have to start putting tasks * to sleep. */ struct sbitmap_queue { /** * @sb: Scalable bitmap. */ struct sbitmap sb; /* * @alloc_hint: Cache of last successfully allocated or freed bit. * * This is per-cpu, which allows multiple users to stick to different * cachelines until the map is exhausted. */ unsigned int __percpu *alloc_hint; /** * @wake_batch: Number of bits which must be freed before we wake up any * waiters. */ unsigned int wake_batch; /** * @wake_index: Next wait queue in @ws to wake up. */ atomic_t wake_index; /** * @ws: Wait queues. */ struct sbq_wait_state *ws; /* * @ws_active: count of currently active ws waitqueues */ atomic_t ws_active; /** * @round_robin: Allocate bits in strict round-robin order. */ bool round_robin; /** * @min_shallow_depth: The minimum shallow depth which may be passed to * sbitmap_queue_get_shallow() or __sbitmap_queue_get_shallow(). */ unsigned int min_shallow_depth; }; /** * sbitmap_init_node() - Initialize a &struct sbitmap on a specific memory node. * @sb: Bitmap to initialize. * @depth: Number of bits to allocate. * @shift: Use 2^@shift bits per word in the bitmap; if a negative number if * given, a good default is chosen. * @flags: Allocation flags. * @node: Memory node to allocate on. * * Return: Zero on success or negative errno on failure. */ int sbitmap_init_node(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int depth, int shift, gfp_t flags, int node); /** * sbitmap_free() - Free memory used by a &struct sbitmap. * @sb: Bitmap to free. */ static inline void sbitmap_free(struct sbitmap *sb) { kfree(sb->map); sb->map = NULL; } /** * sbitmap_resize() - Resize a &struct sbitmap. * @sb: Bitmap to resize. * @depth: New number of bits to resize to. * * Doesn't reallocate anything. It's up to the caller to ensure that the new * depth doesn't exceed the depth that the sb was initialized with. */ void sbitmap_resize(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int depth); /** * sbitmap_get() - Try to allocate a free bit from a &struct sbitmap. * @sb: Bitmap to allocate from. * @alloc_hint: Hint for where to start searching for a free bit. * @round_robin: If true, be stricter about allocation order; always allocate * starting from the last allocated bit. This is less efficient * than the default behavior (false). * * This operation provides acquire barrier semantics if it succeeds. * * Return: Non-negative allocated bit number if successful, -1 otherwise. */ int sbitmap_get(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int alloc_hint, bool round_robin); /** * sbitmap_get_shallow() - Try to allocate a free bit from a &struct sbitmap, * limiting the depth used from each word. * @sb: Bitmap to allocate from. * @alloc_hint: Hint for where to start searching for a free bit. * @shallow_depth: The maximum number of bits to allocate from a single word. * * This rather specific operation allows for having multiple users with * different allocation limits. E.g., there can be a high-priority class that * uses sbitmap_get() and a low-priority class that uses sbitmap_get_shallow() * with a @shallow_depth of (1 << (@sb->shift - 1)). Then, the low-priority * class can only allocate half of the total bits in the bitmap, preventing it * from starving out the high-priority class. * * Return: Non-negative allocated bit number if successful, -1 otherwise. */ int sbitmap_get_shallow(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int alloc_hint, unsigned long shallow_depth); /** * sbitmap_any_bit_set() - Check for a set bit in a &struct sbitmap. * @sb: Bitmap to check. * * Return: true if any bit in the bitmap is set, false otherwise. */ bool sbitmap_any_bit_set(const struct sbitmap *sb); #define SB_NR_TO_INDEX(sb, bitnr) ((bitnr) >> (sb)->shift) #define SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, bitnr) ((bitnr) & ((1U << (sb)->shift) - 1U)) typedef bool (*sb_for_each_fn)(struct sbitmap *, unsigned int, void *); /** * __sbitmap_for_each_set() - Iterate over each set bit in a &struct sbitmap. * @start: Where to start the iteration. * @sb: Bitmap to iterate over. * @fn: Callback. Should return true to continue or false to break early. * @data: Pointer to pass to callback. * * This is inline even though it's non-trivial so that the function calls to the * callback will hopefully get optimized away. */ static inline void __sbitmap_for_each_set(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int start, sb_for_each_fn fn, void *data) { unsigned int index; unsigned int nr; unsigned int scanned = 0; if (start >= sb->depth) start = 0; index = SB_NR_TO_INDEX(sb, start); nr = SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, start); while (scanned < sb->depth) { unsigned long word; unsigned int depth = min_t(unsigned int, sb->map[index].depth - nr, sb->depth - scanned); scanned += depth; word = sb->map[index].word & ~sb->map[index].cleared; if (!word) goto next; /* * On the first iteration of the outer loop, we need to add the * bit offset back to the size of the word for find_next_bit(). * On all other iterations, nr is zero, so this is a noop. */ depth += nr; while (1) { nr = find_next_bit(&word, depth, nr); if (nr >= depth) break; if (!fn(sb, (index << sb->shift) + nr, data)) return; nr++; } next: nr = 0; if (++index >= sb->map_nr) index = 0; } } /** * sbitmap_for_each_set() - Iterate over each set bit in a &struct sbitmap. * @sb: Bitmap to iterate over. * @fn: Callback. Should return true to continue or false to break early. * @data: Pointer to pass to callback. */ static inline void sbitmap_for_each_set(struct sbitmap *sb, sb_for_each_fn fn, void *data) { __sbitmap_for_each_set(sb, 0, fn, data); } static inline unsigned long *__sbitmap_word(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int bitnr) { return &sb->map[SB_NR_TO_INDEX(sb, bitnr)].word; } /* Helpers equivalent to the operations in asm/bitops.h and linux/bitmap.h */ static inline void sbitmap_set_bit(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int bitnr) { set_bit(SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, bitnr), __sbitmap_word(sb, bitnr)); } static inline void sbitmap_clear_bit(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int bitnr) { clear_bit(SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, bitnr), __sbitmap_word(sb, bitnr)); } /* * This one is special, since it doesn't actually clear the bit, rather it * sets the corresponding bit in the ->cleared mask instead. Paired with * the caller doing sbitmap_deferred_clear() if a given index is full, which * will clear the previously freed entries in the corresponding ->word. */ static inline void sbitmap_deferred_clear_bit(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int bitnr) { unsigned long *addr = &sb->map[SB_NR_TO_INDEX(sb, bitnr)].cleared; set_bit(SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, bitnr), addr); } static inline void sbitmap_clear_bit_unlock(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int bitnr) { clear_bit_unlock(SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, bitnr), __sbitmap_word(sb, bitnr)); } static inline int sbitmap_test_bit(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int bitnr) { return test_bit(SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, bitnr), __sbitmap_word(sb, bitnr)); } /** * sbitmap_show() - Dump &struct sbitmap information to a &struct seq_file. * @sb: Bitmap to show. * @m: struct seq_file to write to. * * This is intended for debugging. The format may change at any time. */ void sbitmap_show(struct sbitmap *sb, struct seq_file *m); /** * sbitmap_bitmap_show() - Write a hex dump of a &struct sbitmap to a &struct * seq_file. * @sb: Bitmap to show. * @m: struct seq_file to write to. * * This is intended for debugging. The output isn't guaranteed to be internally * consistent. */ void sbitmap_bitmap_show(struct sbitmap *sb, struct seq_file *m); /** * sbitmap_queue_init_node() - Initialize a &struct sbitmap_queue on a specific * memory node. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to initialize. * @depth: See sbitmap_init_node(). * @shift: See sbitmap_init_node(). * @round_robin: See sbitmap_get(). * @flags: Allocation flags. * @node: Memory node to allocate on. * * Return: Zero on success or negative errno on failure. */ int sbitmap_queue_init_node(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int depth, int shift, bool round_robin, gfp_t flags, int node); /** * sbitmap_queue_free() - Free memory used by a &struct sbitmap_queue. * * @sbq: Bitmap queue to free. */ static inline void sbitmap_queue_free(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq) { kfree(sbq->ws); free_percpu(sbq->alloc_hint); sbitmap_free(&sbq->sb); } /** * sbitmap_queue_resize() - Resize a &struct sbitmap_queue. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to resize. * @depth: New number of bits to resize to. * * Like sbitmap_resize(), this doesn't reallocate anything. It has to do * some extra work on the &struct sbitmap_queue, so it's not safe to just * resize the underlying &struct sbitmap. */ void sbitmap_queue_resize(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int depth); /** * __sbitmap_queue_get() - Try to allocate a free bit from a &struct * sbitmap_queue with preemption already disabled. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to allocate from. * * Return: Non-negative allocated bit number if successful, -1 otherwise. */ int __sbitmap_queue_get(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq); /** * __sbitmap_queue_get_shallow() - Try to allocate a free bit from a &struct * sbitmap_queue, limiting the depth used from each word, with preemption * already disabled. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to allocate from. * @shallow_depth: The maximum number of bits to allocate from a single word. * See sbitmap_get_shallow(). * * If you call this, make sure to call sbitmap_queue_min_shallow_depth() after * initializing @sbq. * * Return: Non-negative allocated bit number if successful, -1 otherwise. */ int __sbitmap_queue_get_shallow(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int shallow_depth); /** * sbitmap_queue_get() - Try to allocate a free bit from a &struct * sbitmap_queue. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to allocate from. * @cpu: Output parameter; will contain the CPU we ran on (e.g., to be passed to * sbitmap_queue_clear()). * * Return: Non-negative allocated bit number if successful, -1 otherwise. */ static inline int sbitmap_queue_get(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int *cpu) { int nr; *cpu = get_cpu(); nr = __sbitmap_queue_get(sbq); put_cpu(); return nr; } /** * sbitmap_queue_get_shallow() - Try to allocate a free bit from a &struct * sbitmap_queue, limiting the depth used from each word. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to allocate from. * @cpu: Output parameter; will contain the CPU we ran on (e.g., to be passed to * sbitmap_queue_clear()). * @shallow_depth: The maximum number of bits to allocate from a single word. * See sbitmap_get_shallow(). * * If you call this, make sure to call sbitmap_queue_min_shallow_depth() after * initializing @sbq. * * Return: Non-negative allocated bit number if successful, -1 otherwise. */ static inline int sbitmap_queue_get_shallow(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int *cpu, unsigned int shallow_depth) { int nr; *cpu = get_cpu(); nr = __sbitmap_queue_get_shallow(sbq, shallow_depth); put_cpu(); return nr; } /** * sbitmap_queue_min_shallow_depth() - Inform a &struct sbitmap_queue of the * minimum shallow depth that will be used. * @sbq: Bitmap queue in question. * @min_shallow_depth: The minimum shallow depth that will be passed to * sbitmap_queue_get_shallow() or __sbitmap_queue_get_shallow(). * * sbitmap_queue_clear() batches wakeups as an optimization. The batch size * depends on the depth of the bitmap. Since the shallow allocation functions * effectively operate with a different depth, the shallow depth must be taken * into account when calculating the batch size. This function must be called * with the minimum shallow depth that will be used. Failure to do so can result * in missed wakeups. */ void sbitmap_queue_min_shallow_depth(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int min_shallow_depth); /** * sbitmap_queue_clear() - Free an allocated bit and wake up waiters on a * &struct sbitmap_queue. * @sbq: Bitmap to free from. * @nr: Bit number to free. * @cpu: CPU the bit was allocated on. */ void sbitmap_queue_clear(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int nr, unsigned int cpu); static inline int sbq_index_inc(int index) { return (index + 1) & (SBQ_WAIT_QUEUES - 1); } static inline void sbq_index_atomic_inc(atomic_t *index) { int old = atomic_read(index); int new = sbq_index_inc(old); atomic_cmpxchg(index, old, new); } /** * sbq_wait_ptr() - Get the next wait queue to use for a &struct * sbitmap_queue. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to wait on. * @wait_index: A counter per "user" of @sbq. */ static inline struct sbq_wait_state *sbq_wait_ptr(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, atomic_t *wait_index) { struct sbq_wait_state *ws; ws = &sbq->ws[atomic_read(wait_index)]; sbq_index_atomic_inc(wait_index); return ws; } /** * sbitmap_queue_wake_all() - Wake up everything waiting on a &struct * sbitmap_queue. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to wake up. */ void sbitmap_queue_wake_all(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq); /** * sbitmap_queue_wake_up() - Wake up some of waiters in one waitqueue * on a &struct sbitmap_queue. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to wake up. */ void sbitmap_queue_wake_up(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq); /** * sbitmap_queue_show() - Dump &struct sbitmap_queue information to a &struct * seq_file. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to show. * @m: struct seq_file to write to. * * This is intended for debugging. The format may change at any time. */ void sbitmap_queue_show(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, struct seq_file *m); struct sbq_wait { struct sbitmap_queue *sbq; /* if set, sbq_wait is accounted */ struct wait_queue_entry wait; }; #define DEFINE_SBQ_WAIT(name) \ struct sbq_wait name = { \ .sbq = NULL, \ .wait = { \ .private = current, \ .func = autoremove_wake_function, \ .entry = LIST_HEAD_INIT((name).wait.entry), \ } \ } /* * Wrapper around prepare_to_wait_exclusive(), which maintains some extra * internal state. */ void sbitmap_prepare_to_wait(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, struct sbq_wait_state *ws, struct sbq_wait *sbq_wait, int state); /* * Must be paired with sbitmap_prepare_to_wait(). */ void sbitmap_finish_wait(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, struct sbq_wait_state *ws, struct sbq_wait *sbq_wait); /* * Wrapper around add_wait_queue(), which maintains some extra internal state */ void sbitmap_add_wait_queue(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, struct sbq_wait_state *ws, struct sbq_wait *sbq_wait); /* * Must be paired with sbitmap_add_wait_queue() */ void sbitmap_del_wait_queue(struct sbq_wait *sbq_wait); #endif /* __LINUX_SCALE_BITMAP_H */
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 #include <linux/memblock.h> #include <linux/mmdebug.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <asm/page.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include "physaddr.h" #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VIRTUAL unsigned long __phys_addr(unsigned long x) { unsigned long y = x - __START_KERNEL_map; /* use the carry flag to determine if x was < __START_KERNEL_map */ if (unlikely(x > y)) { x = y + phys_base; VIRTUAL_BUG_ON(y >= KERNEL_IMAGE_SIZE); } else { x = y + (__START_KERNEL_map - PAGE_OFFSET); /* carry flag will be set if starting x was >= PAGE_OFFSET */ VIRTUAL_BUG_ON((x > y) || !phys_addr_valid(x)); } return x; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__phys_addr); unsigned long __phys_addr_symbol(unsigned long x) { unsigned long y = x - __START_KERNEL_map; /* only check upper bounds since lower bounds will trigger carry */ VIRTUAL_BUG_ON(y >= KERNEL_IMAGE_SIZE); return y + phys_base; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__phys_addr_symbol); #endif bool __virt_addr_valid(unsigned long x) { unsigned long y = x - __START_KERNEL_map; /* use the carry flag to determine if x was < __START_KERNEL_map */ if (unlikely(x > y)) { x = y + phys_base; if (y >= KERNEL_IMAGE_SIZE) return false; } else { x = y + (__START_KERNEL_map - PAGE_OFFSET); /* carry flag will be set if starting x was >= PAGE_OFFSET */ if ((x > y) || !phys_addr_valid(x)) return false; } return pfn_valid(x >> PAGE_SHIFT); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__virt_addr_valid); #else #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VIRTUAL unsigned long __phys_addr(unsigned long x) { unsigned long phys_addr = x - PAGE_OFFSET; /* VMALLOC_* aren't constants */ VIRTUAL_BUG_ON(x < PAGE_OFFSET); VIRTUAL_BUG_ON(__vmalloc_start_set && is_vmalloc_addr((void *) x)); /* max_low_pfn is set early, but not _that_ early */ if (max_low_pfn) { VIRTUAL_BUG_ON((phys_addr >> PAGE_SHIFT) > max_low_pfn); BUG_ON(slow_virt_to_phys((void *)x) != phys_addr); } return phys_addr; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__phys_addr); #endif bool __virt_addr_valid(unsigned long x) { if (x < PAGE_OFFSET) return false; if (__vmalloc_start_set && is_vmalloc_addr((void *) x)) return false; if (x >= FIXADDR_START) return false; return pfn_valid((x - PAGE_OFFSET) >> PAGE_SHIFT); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__virt_addr_valid); #endif /* CONFIG_X86_64 */
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1422 1423 1424 1425 1426 1427 1428 1429 1430 1431 1432 1433 1434 1435 1436 1437 1438 1439 1440 1441 1442 1443 1444 1445 1446 1447 1448 1449 1450 1451 1452 1453 1454 1455 1456 1457 1458 1459 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Linux Socket Filter Data Structures */ #ifndef __LINUX_FILTER_H__ #define __LINUX_FILTER_H__ #include <stdarg.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/compat.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/printk.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/set_memory.h> #include <linux/kallsyms.h> #include <linux/if_vlan.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <linux/sockptr.h> #include <crypto/sha.h> #include <net/sch_generic.h> #include <asm/byteorder.h> #include <uapi/linux/filter.h> #include <uapi/linux/bpf.h> struct sk_buff; struct sock; struct seccomp_data; struct bpf_prog_aux; struct xdp_rxq_info; struct xdp_buff; struct sock_reuseport; struct ctl_table; struct ctl_table_header; /* ArgX, context and stack frame pointer register positions. Note, * Arg1, Arg2, Arg3, etc are used as argument mappings of function * calls in BPF_CALL instruction. */ #define BPF_REG_ARG1 BPF_REG_1 #define BPF_REG_ARG2 BPF_REG_2 #define BPF_REG_ARG3 BPF_REG_3 #define BPF_REG_ARG4 BPF_REG_4 #define BPF_REG_ARG5 BPF_REG_5 #define BPF_REG_CTX BPF_REG_6 #define BPF_REG_FP BPF_REG_10 /* Additional register mappings for converted user programs. */ #define BPF_REG_A BPF_REG_0 #define BPF_REG_X BPF_REG_7 #define BPF_REG_TMP BPF_REG_2 /* scratch reg */ #define BPF_REG_D BPF_REG_8 /* data, callee-saved */ #define BPF_REG_H BPF_REG_9 /* hlen, callee-saved */ /* Kernel hidden auxiliary/helper register. */ #define BPF_REG_AX MAX_BPF_REG #define MAX_BPF_EXT_REG (MAX_BPF_REG + 1) #define MAX_BPF_JIT_REG MAX_BPF_EXT_REG /* unused opcode to mark special call to bpf_tail_call() helper */ #define BPF_TAIL_CALL 0xf0 /* unused opcode to mark special load instruction. Same as BPF_ABS */ #define BPF_PROBE_MEM 0x20 /* unused opcode to mark call to interpreter with arguments */ #define BPF_CALL_ARGS 0xe0 /* unused opcode to mark speculation barrier for mitigating * Speculative Store Bypass */ #define BPF_NOSPEC 0xc0 /* As per nm, we expose JITed images as text (code) section for * kallsyms. That way, tools like perf can find it to match * addresses. */ #define BPF_SYM_ELF_TYPE 't' /* BPF program can access up to 512 bytes of stack space. */ #define MAX_BPF_STACK 512 /* Helper macros for filter block array initializers. */ /* ALU ops on registers, bpf_add|sub|...: dst_reg += src_reg */ #define BPF_ALU64_REG(OP, DST, SRC) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_ALU64 | BPF_OP(OP) | BPF_X, \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = SRC, \ .off = 0, \ .imm = 0 }) #define BPF_ALU32_REG(OP, DST, SRC) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_ALU | BPF_OP(OP) | BPF_X, \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = SRC, \ .off = 0, \ .imm = 0 }) /* ALU ops on immediates, bpf_add|sub|...: dst_reg += imm32 */ #define BPF_ALU64_IMM(OP, DST, IMM) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_ALU64 | BPF_OP(OP) | BPF_K, \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = 0, \ .off = 0, \ .imm = IMM }) #define BPF_ALU32_IMM(OP, DST, IMM) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_ALU | BPF_OP(OP) | BPF_K, \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = 0, \ .off = 0, \ .imm = IMM }) /* Endianess conversion, cpu_to_{l,b}e(), {l,b}e_to_cpu() */ #define BPF_ENDIAN(TYPE, DST, LEN) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_ALU | BPF_END | BPF_SRC(TYPE), \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = 0, \ .off = 0, \ .imm = LEN }) /* Short form of mov, dst_reg = src_reg */ #define BPF_MOV64_REG(DST, SRC) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_ALU64 | BPF_MOV | BPF_X, \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = SRC, \ .off = 0, \ .imm = 0 }) #define BPF_MOV32_REG(DST, SRC) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_ALU | BPF_MOV | BPF_X, \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = SRC, \ .off = 0, \ .imm = 0 }) /* Short form of mov, dst_reg = imm32 */ #define BPF_MOV64_IMM(DST, IMM) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_ALU64 | BPF_MOV | BPF_K, \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = 0, \ .off = 0, \ .imm = IMM }) #define BPF_MOV32_IMM(DST, IMM) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_ALU | BPF_MOV | BPF_K, \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = 0, \ .off = 0, \ .imm = IMM }) /* Special form of mov32, used for doing explicit zero extension on dst. */ #define BPF_ZEXT_REG(DST) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_ALU | BPF_MOV | BPF_X, \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = DST, \ .off = 0, \ .imm = 1 }) static inline bool insn_is_zext(const struct bpf_insn *insn) { return insn->code == (BPF_ALU | BPF_MOV | BPF_X) && insn->imm == 1; } /* BPF_LD_IMM64 macro encodes single 'load 64-bit immediate' insn */ #define BPF_LD_IMM64(DST, IMM) \ BPF_LD_IMM64_RAW(DST, 0, IMM) #define BPF_LD_IMM64_RAW(DST, SRC, IMM) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_LD | BPF_DW | BPF_IMM, \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = SRC, \ .off = 0, \ .imm = (__u32) (IMM) }), \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = 0, /* zero is reserved opcode */ \ .dst_reg = 0, \ .src_reg = 0, \ .off = 0, \ .imm = ((__u64) (IMM)) >> 32 }) /* pseudo BPF_LD_IMM64 insn used to refer to process-local map_fd */ #define BPF_LD_MAP_FD(DST, MAP_FD) \ BPF_LD_IMM64_RAW(DST, BPF_PSEUDO_MAP_FD, MAP_FD) /* Short form of mov based on type, BPF_X: dst_reg = src_reg, BPF_K: dst_reg = imm32 */ #define BPF_MOV64_RAW(TYPE, DST, SRC, IMM) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_ALU64 | BPF_MOV | BPF_SRC(TYPE), \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = SRC, \ .off = 0, \ .imm = IMM }) #define BPF_MOV32_RAW(TYPE, DST, SRC, IMM) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_ALU | BPF_MOV | BPF_SRC(TYPE), \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = SRC, \ .off = 0, \ .imm = IMM }) /* Direct packet access, R0 = *(uint *) (skb->data + imm32) */ #define BPF_LD_ABS(SIZE, IMM) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_LD | BPF_SIZE(SIZE) | BPF_ABS, \ .dst_reg = 0, \ .src_reg = 0, \ .off = 0, \ .imm = IMM }) /* Indirect packet access, R0 = *(uint *) (skb->data + src_reg + imm32) */ #define BPF_LD_IND(SIZE, SRC, IMM) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_LD | BPF_SIZE(SIZE) | BPF_IND, \ .dst_reg = 0, \ .src_reg = SRC, \ .off = 0, \ .imm = IMM }) /* Memory load, dst_reg = *(uint *) (src_reg + off16) */ #define BPF_LDX_MEM(SIZE, DST, SRC, OFF) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_LDX | BPF_SIZE(SIZE) | BPF_MEM, \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = SRC, \ .off = OFF, \ .imm = 0 }) /* Memory store, *(uint *) (dst_reg + off16) = src_reg */ #define BPF_STX_MEM(SIZE, DST, SRC, OFF) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_STX | BPF_SIZE(SIZE) | BPF_MEM, \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = SRC, \ .off = OFF, \ .imm = 0 }) /* Atomic memory add, *(uint *)(dst_reg + off16) += src_reg */ #define BPF_STX_XADD(SIZE, DST, SRC, OFF) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_STX | BPF_SIZE(SIZE) | BPF_XADD, \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = SRC, \ .off = OFF, \ .imm = 0 }) /* Memory store, *(uint *) (dst_reg + off16) = imm32 */ #define BPF_ST_MEM(SIZE, DST, OFF, IMM) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_ST | BPF_SIZE(SIZE) | BPF_MEM, \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = 0, \ .off = OFF, \ .imm = IMM }) /* Conditional jumps against registers, if (dst_reg 'op' src_reg) goto pc + off16 */ #define BPF_JMP_REG(OP, DST, SRC, OFF) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_JMP | BPF_OP(OP) | BPF_X, \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = SRC, \ .off = OFF, \ .imm = 0 }) /* Conditional jumps against immediates, if (dst_reg 'op' imm32) goto pc + off16 */ #define BPF_JMP_IMM(OP, DST, IMM, OFF) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_JMP | BPF_OP(OP) | BPF_K, \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = 0, \ .off = OFF, \ .imm = IMM }) /* Like BPF_JMP_REG, but with 32-bit wide operands for comparison. */ #define BPF_JMP32_REG(OP, DST, SRC, OFF) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_JMP32 | BPF_OP(OP) | BPF_X, \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = SRC, \ .off = OFF, \ .imm = 0 }) /* Like BPF_JMP_IMM, but with 32-bit wide operands for comparison. */ #define BPF_JMP32_IMM(OP, DST, IMM, OFF) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_JMP32 | BPF_OP(OP) | BPF_K, \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = 0, \ .off = OFF, \ .imm = IMM }) /* Unconditional jumps, goto pc + off16 */ #define BPF_JMP_A(OFF) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_JMP | BPF_JA, \ .dst_reg = 0, \ .src_reg = 0, \ .off = OFF, \ .imm = 0 }) /* Relative call */ #define BPF_CALL_REL(TGT) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_JMP | BPF_CALL, \ .dst_reg = 0, \ .src_reg = BPF_PSEUDO_CALL, \ .off = 0, \ .imm = TGT }) /* Function call */ #define BPF_CAST_CALL(x) \ ((u64 (*)(u64, u64, u64, u64, u64))(x)) #define BPF_EMIT_CALL(FUNC) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_JMP | BPF_CALL, \ .dst_reg = 0, \ .src_reg = 0, \ .off = 0, \ .imm = ((FUNC) - __bpf_call_base) }) /* Raw code statement block */ #define BPF_RAW_INSN(CODE, DST, SRC, OFF, IMM) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = CODE, \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = SRC, \ .off = OFF, \ .imm = IMM }) /* Program exit */ #define BPF_EXIT_INSN() \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_JMP | BPF_EXIT, \ .dst_reg = 0, \ .src_reg = 0, \ .off = 0, \ .imm = 0 }) /* Speculation barrier */ #define BPF_ST_NOSPEC() \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_ST | BPF_NOSPEC, \ .dst_reg = 0, \ .src_reg = 0, \ .off = 0, \ .imm = 0 }) /* Internal classic blocks for direct assignment */ #define __BPF_STMT(CODE, K) \ ((struct sock_filter) BPF_STMT(CODE, K)) #define __BPF_JUMP(CODE, K, JT, JF) \ ((struct sock_filter) BPF_JUMP(CODE, K, JT, JF)) #define bytes_to_bpf_size(bytes) \ ({ \ int bpf_size = -EINVAL; \ \ if (bytes == sizeof(u8)) \ bpf_size = BPF_B; \ else if (bytes == sizeof(u16)) \ bpf_size = BPF_H; \ else if (bytes == sizeof(u32)) \ bpf_size = BPF_W; \ else if (bytes == sizeof(u64)) \ bpf_size = BPF_DW; \ \ bpf_size; \ }) #define bpf_size_to_bytes(bpf_size) \ ({ \ int bytes = -EINVAL; \ \ if (bpf_size == BPF_B) \ bytes = sizeof(u8); \ else if (bpf_size == BPF_H) \ bytes = sizeof(u16); \ else if (bpf_size == BPF_W) \ bytes = sizeof(u32); \ else if (bpf_size == BPF_DW) \ bytes = sizeof(u64); \ \ bytes; \ }) #define BPF_SIZEOF(type) \ ({ \ const int __size = bytes_to_bpf_size(sizeof(type)); \ BUILD_BUG_ON(__size < 0); \ __size; \ }) #define BPF_FIELD_SIZEOF(type, field) \ ({ \ const int __size = bytes_to_bpf_size(sizeof_field(type, field)); \ BUILD_BUG_ON(__size < 0); \ __size; \ }) #define BPF_LDST_BYTES(insn) \ ({ \ const int __size = bpf_size_to_bytes(BPF_SIZE((insn)->code)); \ WARN_ON(__size < 0); \ __size; \ }) #define __BPF_MAP_0(m, v, ...) v #define __BPF_MAP_1(m, v, t, a, ...) m(t, a) #define __BPF_MAP_2(m, v, t, a, ...) m(t, a), __BPF_MAP_1(m, v, __VA_ARGS__) #define __BPF_MAP_3(m, v, t, a, ...) m(t, a), __BPF_MAP_2(m, v, __VA_ARGS__) #define __BPF_MAP_4(m, v, t, a, ...) m(t, a), __BPF_MAP_3(m, v, __VA_ARGS__) #define __BPF_MAP_5(m, v, t, a, ...) m(t, a), __BPF_MAP_4(m, v, __VA_ARGS__) #define __BPF_REG_0(...) __BPF_PAD(5) #define __BPF_REG_1(...) __BPF_MAP(1, __VA_ARGS__), __BPF_PAD(4) #define __BPF_REG_2(...) __BPF_MAP(2, __VA_ARGS__), __BPF_PAD(3) #define __BPF_REG_3(...) __BPF_MAP(3, __VA_ARGS__), __BPF_PAD(2) #define __BPF_REG_4(...) __BPF_MAP(4, __VA_ARGS__), __BPF_PAD(1) #define __BPF_REG_5(...) __BPF_MAP(5, __VA_ARGS__) #define __BPF_MAP(n, ...) __BPF_MAP_##n(__VA_ARGS__) #define __BPF_REG(n, ...) __BPF_REG_##n(__VA_ARGS__) #define __BPF_CAST(t, a)