1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #include <linux/fsnotify_backend.h> #include <linux/inotify.h> #include <linux/slab.h> /* struct kmem_cache */ struct inotify_event_info { struct fsnotify_event fse; u32 mask; int wd; u32 sync_cookie; int name_len; char name[]; }; struct inotify_inode_mark { struct fsnotify_mark fsn_mark; int wd; }; static inline struct inotify_event_info *INOTIFY_E(struct fsnotify_event *fse) { return container_of(fse, struct inotify_event_info, fse); } extern void inotify_ignored_and_remove_idr(struct fsnotify_mark *fsn_mark, struct fsnotify_group *group); extern int inotify_handle_inode_event(struct fsnotify_mark *inode_mark, u32 mask, struct inode *inode, struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *name, u32 cookie); extern const struct fsnotify_ops inotify_fsnotify_ops; extern struct kmem_cache *inotify_inode_mark_cachep; #ifdef CONFIG_INOTIFY_USER static inline void dec_inotify_instances(struct ucounts *ucounts) { dec_ucount(ucounts, UCOUNT_INOTIFY_INSTANCES); } static inline struct ucounts *inc_inotify_watches(struct ucounts *ucounts) { return inc_ucount(ucounts->ns, ucounts->uid, UCOUNT_INOTIFY_WATCHES); } static inline void dec_inotify_watches(struct ucounts *ucounts) { dec_ucount(ucounts, UCOUNT_INOTIFY_WATCHES); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SOCKET_H #define _LINUX_SOCKET_H #include <asm/socket.h> /* arch-dependent defines */ #include <linux/sockios.h> /* the SIOCxxx I/O controls */ #include <linux/uio.h> /* iovec support */ #include <linux/types.h> /* pid_t */ #include <linux/compiler.h> /* __user */ #include <uapi/linux/socket.h> struct file; struct pid; struct cred; struct socket; #define __sockaddr_check_size(size) \ BUILD_BUG_ON(((size) > sizeof(struct __kernel_sockaddr_storage))) #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS struct seq_file; extern void socket_seq_show(struct seq_file *seq); #endif typedef __kernel_sa_family_t sa_family_t; /* * 1003.1g requires sa_family_t and that sa_data is char. */ struct sockaddr { sa_family_t sa_family; /* address family, AF_xxx */ char sa_data[14]; /* 14 bytes of protocol address */ }; struct linger { int l_onoff; /* Linger active */ int l_linger; /* How long to linger for */ }; #define sockaddr_storage __kernel_sockaddr_storage /* * As we do 4.4BSD message passing we use a 4.4BSD message passing * system, not 4.3. Thus msg_accrights(len) are now missing. They * belong in an obscure libc emulation or the bin. */ struct msghdr { void *msg_name; /* ptr to socket address structure */ int msg_namelen; /* size of socket address structure */ struct iov_iter msg_iter; /* data */ /* * Ancillary data. msg_control_user is the user buffer used for the * recv* side when msg_control_is_user is set, msg_control is the kernel * buffer used for all other cases. */ union { void *msg_control; void __user *msg_control_user; }; bool msg_control_is_user : 1; __kernel_size_t msg_controllen; /* ancillary data buffer length */ unsigned int msg_flags; /* flags on received message */ struct kiocb *msg_iocb; /* ptr to iocb for async requests */ }; struct user_msghdr { void __user *msg_name; /* ptr to socket address structure */ int msg_namelen; /* size of socket address structure */ struct iovec __user *msg_iov; /* scatter/gather array */ __kernel_size_t msg_iovlen; /* # elements in msg_iov */ void __user *msg_control; /* ancillary data */ __kernel_size_t msg_controllen; /* ancillary data buffer length */ unsigned int msg_flags; /* flags on received message */ }; /* For recvmmsg/sendmmsg */ struct mmsghdr { struct user_msghdr msg_hdr; unsigned int msg_len; }; /* * POSIX 1003.1g - ancillary data object information * Ancillary data consits of a sequence of pairs of * (cmsghdr, cmsg_data[]) */ struct cmsghdr { __kernel_size_t cmsg_len; /* data byte count, including hdr */ int cmsg_level; /* originating protocol */ int cmsg_type; /* protocol-specific type */ }; /* * Ancillary data object information MACROS * Table 5-14 of POSIX 1003.1g */ #define __CMSG_NXTHDR(ctl, len, cmsg) __cmsg_nxthdr((ctl),(len),(cmsg)) #define CMSG_NXTHDR(mhdr, cmsg) cmsg_nxthdr((mhdr), (cmsg)) #define CMSG_ALIGN(len) ( ((len)+sizeof(long)-1) & ~(sizeof(long)-1) ) #define CMSG_DATA(cmsg) \ ((void *)(cmsg) + sizeof(struct cmsghdr)) #define CMSG_USER_DATA(cmsg) \ ((void __user *)(cmsg) + sizeof(struct cmsghdr)) #define CMSG_SPACE(len) (sizeof(struct cmsghdr) + CMSG_ALIGN(len)) #define CMSG_LEN(len) (sizeof(struct cmsghdr) + (len)) #define __CMSG_FIRSTHDR(ctl,len) ((len) >= sizeof(struct cmsghdr) ? \ (struct cmsghdr *)(ctl) : \ (struct cmsghdr *)NULL) #define CMSG_FIRSTHDR(msg) __CMSG_FIRSTHDR((msg)->msg_control, (msg)->msg_controllen) #define CMSG_OK(mhdr, cmsg) ((cmsg)->cmsg_len >= sizeof(struct cmsghdr) && \ (cmsg)->cmsg_len <= (unsigned long) \ ((mhdr)->msg_controllen - \ ((char *)(cmsg) - (char *)(mhdr)->msg_control))) #define for_each_cmsghdr(cmsg, msg) \ for (cmsg = CMSG_FIRSTHDR(msg); \ cmsg; \ cmsg = CMSG_NXTHDR(msg, cmsg)) /* * Get the next cmsg header * * PLEASE, do not touch this function. If you think, that it is * incorrect, grep kernel sources and think about consequences * before trying to improve it. * * Now it always returns valid, not truncated ancillary object * HEADER. But caller still MUST check, that cmsg->cmsg_len is * inside range, given by msg->msg_controllen before using * ancillary object DATA. --ANK (980731) */ static inline struct cmsghdr * __cmsg_nxthdr(void *__ctl, __kernel_size_t __size, struct cmsghdr *__cmsg) { struct cmsghdr * __ptr; __ptr = (struct cmsghdr*)(((unsigned char *) __cmsg) + CMSG_ALIGN(__cmsg->cmsg_len)); if ((unsigned long)((char*)(__ptr+1) - (char *) __ctl) > __size) return (struct cmsghdr *)0; return __ptr; } static inline struct cmsghdr * cmsg_nxthdr (struct msghdr *__msg, struct cmsghdr *__cmsg) { return __cmsg_nxthdr(__msg->msg_control, __msg->msg_controllen, __cmsg); } static inline size_t msg_data_left(struct msghdr *msg) { return iov_iter_count(&msg->msg_iter); } /* "Socket"-level control message types: */ #define SCM_RIGHTS 0x01 /* rw: access rights (array of int) */ #define SCM_CREDENTIALS 0x02 /* rw: struct ucred */ #define SCM_SECURITY 0x03 /* rw: security label */ struct ucred { __u32 pid; __u32 uid; __u32 gid; }; /* Supported address families. */ #define AF_UNSPEC 0 #define AF_UNIX 1 /* Unix domain sockets */ #define AF_LOCAL 1 /* POSIX name for AF_UNIX */ #define AF_INET 2 /* Internet IP Protocol */ #define AF_AX25 3 /* Amateur Radio AX.25 */ #define AF_IPX 4 /* Novell IPX */ #define AF_APPLETALK 5 /* AppleTalk DDP */ #define AF_NETROM 6 /* Amateur Radio NET/ROM */ #define AF_BRIDGE 7 /* Multiprotocol bridge */ #define AF_ATMPVC 8 /* ATM PVCs */ #define AF_X25 9 /* Reserved for X.25 project */ #define AF_INET6 10 /* IP version 6 */ #define AF_ROSE 11 /* Amateur Radio X.25 PLP */ #define AF_DECnet 12 /* Reserved for DECnet project */ #define AF_NETBEUI 13 /* Reserved for 802.2LLC project*/ #define AF_SECURITY 14 /* Security callback pseudo AF */ #define AF_KEY 15 /* PF_KEY key management API */ #define AF_NETLINK 16 #define AF_ROUTE AF_NETLINK /* Alias to emulate 4.4BSD */ #define AF_PACKET 17 /* Packet family */ #define AF_ASH 18 /* Ash */ #define AF_ECONET 19 /* Acorn Econet */ #define AF_ATMSVC 20 /* ATM SVCs */ #define AF_RDS 21 /* RDS sockets */ #define AF_SNA 22 /* Linux SNA Project (nutters!) */ #define AF_IRDA 23 /* IRDA sockets */ #define AF_PPPOX 24 /* PPPoX sockets */ #define AF_WANPIPE 25 /* Wanpipe API Sockets */ #define AF_LLC 26 /* Linux LLC */ #define AF_IB 27 /* Native InfiniBand address */ #define AF_MPLS 28 /* MPLS */ #define AF_CAN 29 /* Controller Area Network */ #define AF_TIPC 30 /* TIPC sockets */ #define AF_BLUETOOTH 31 /* Bluetooth sockets */ #define AF_IUCV 32 /* IUCV sockets */ #define AF_RXRPC 33 /* RxRPC sockets */ #define AF_ISDN 34 /* mISDN sockets */ #define AF_PHONET 35 /* Phonet sockets */ #define AF_IEEE802154 36 /* IEEE802154 sockets */ #define AF_CAIF 37 /* CAIF sockets */ #define AF_ALG 38 /* Algorithm sockets */ #define AF_NFC 39 /* NFC sockets */ #define AF_VSOCK 40 /* vSockets */ #define AF_KCM 41 /* Kernel Connection Multiplexor*/ #define AF_QIPCRTR 42 /* Qualcomm IPC Router */ #define AF_SMC 43 /* smc sockets: reserve number for * PF_SMC protocol family that * reuses AF_INET address family */ #define AF_XDP 44 /* XDP sockets */ #define AF_MAX 45 /* For now.. */ /* Protocol families, same as address families. */ #define PF_UNSPEC AF_UNSPEC #define PF_UNIX AF_UNIX #define PF_LOCAL AF_LOCAL #define PF_INET AF_INET #define PF_AX25 AF_AX25 #define PF_IPX AF_IPX #define PF_APPLETALK AF_APPLETALK #define PF_NETROM AF_NETROM #define PF_BRIDGE AF_BRIDGE #define PF_ATMPVC AF_ATMPVC #define PF_X25 AF_X25 #define PF_INET6 AF_INET6 #define PF_ROSE AF_ROSE #define PF_DECnet AF_DECnet #define PF_NETBEUI AF_NETBEUI #define PF_SECURITY AF_SECURITY #define PF_KEY AF_KEY #define PF_NETLINK AF_NETLINK #define PF_ROUTE AF_ROUTE #define PF_PACKET AF_PACKET #define PF_ASH AF_ASH #define PF_ECONET AF_ECONET #define PF_ATMSVC AF_ATMSVC #define PF_RDS AF_RDS #define PF_SNA AF_SNA #define PF_IRDA AF_IRDA #define PF_PPPOX AF_PPPOX #define PF_WANPIPE AF_WANPIPE #define PF_LLC AF_LLC #define PF_IB AF_IB #define PF_MPLS AF_MPLS #define PF_CAN AF_CAN #define PF_TIPC AF_TIPC #define PF_BLUETOOTH AF_BLUETOOTH #define PF_IUCV AF_IUCV #define PF_RXRPC AF_RXRPC #define PF_ISDN AF_ISDN #define PF_PHONET AF_PHONET #define PF_IEEE802154 AF_IEEE802154 #define PF_CAIF AF_CAIF #define PF_ALG AF_ALG #define PF_NFC AF_NFC #define PF_VSOCK AF_VSOCK #define PF_KCM AF_KCM #define PF_QIPCRTR AF_QIPCRTR #define PF_SMC AF_SMC #define PF_XDP AF_XDP #define PF_MAX AF_MAX /* Maximum queue length specifiable by listen. */ #define SOMAXCONN 4096 /* Flags we can use with send/ and recv. Added those for 1003.1g not all are supported yet */ #define MSG_OOB 1 #define MSG_PEEK 2 #define MSG_DONTROUTE 4 #define MSG_TRYHARD 4 /* Synonym for MSG_DONTROUTE for DECnet */ #define MSG_CTRUNC 8 #define MSG_PROBE 0x10 /* Do not send. Only probe path f.e. for MTU */ #define MSG_TRUNC 0x20 #define MSG_DONTWAIT 0x40 /* Nonblocking io */ #define MSG_EOR 0x80 /* End of record */ #define MSG_WAITALL 0x100 /* Wait for a full request */ #define MSG_FIN 0x200 #define MSG_SYN 0x400 #define MSG_CONFIRM 0x800 /* Confirm path validity */ #define MSG_RST 0x1000 #define MSG_ERRQUEUE 0x2000 /* Fetch message from error queue */ #define MSG_NOSIGNAL 0x4000 /* Do not generate SIGPIPE */ #define MSG_MORE 0x8000 /* Sender will send more */ #define MSG_WAITFORONE 0x10000 /* recvmmsg(): block until 1+ packets avail */ #define MSG_SENDPAGE_NOPOLICY 0x10000 /* sendpage() internal : do no apply policy */ #define MSG_SENDPAGE_NOTLAST 0x20000 /* sendpage() internal : not the last page */ #define MSG_BATCH 0x40000 /* sendmmsg(): more messages coming */ #define MSG_EOF MSG_FIN #define MSG_NO_SHARED_FRAGS 0x80000 /* sendpage() internal : page frags are not shared */ #define MSG_SENDPAGE_DECRYPTED 0x100000 /* sendpage() internal : page may carry * plain text and require encryption */ #define MSG_ZEROCOPY 0x4000000 /* Use user data in kernel path */ #define MSG_FASTOPEN 0x20000000 /* Send data in TCP SYN */ #define MSG_CMSG_CLOEXEC 0x40000000 /* Set close_on_exec for file descriptor received through SCM_RIGHTS */ #if defined(CONFIG_COMPAT) #define MSG_CMSG_COMPAT 0x80000000 /* This message needs 32 bit fixups */ #else #define MSG_CMSG_COMPAT 0 /* We never have 32 bit fixups */ #endif /* Setsockoptions(2) level. Thanks to BSD these must match IPPROTO_xxx */ #define SOL_IP 0 /* #define SOL_ICMP 1 No-no-no! Due to Linux :-) we cannot use SOL_ICMP=1 */ #define SOL_TCP 6 #define SOL_UDP 17 #define SOL_IPV6 41 #define SOL_ICMPV6 58 #define SOL_SCTP 132 #define SOL_UDPLITE 136 /* UDP-Lite (RFC 3828) */ #define SOL_RAW 255 #define SOL_IPX 256 #define SOL_AX25 257 #define SOL_ATALK 258 #define SOL_NETROM 259 #define SOL_ROSE 260 #define SOL_DECNET 261 #define SOL_X25 262 #define SOL_PACKET 263 #define SOL_ATM 264 /* ATM layer (cell level) */ #define SOL_AAL 265 /* ATM Adaption Layer (packet level) */ #define SOL_IRDA 266 #define SOL_NETBEUI 267 #define SOL_LLC 268 #define SOL_DCCP 269 #define SOL_NETLINK 270 #define SOL_TIPC 271 #define SOL_RXRPC 272 #define SOL_PPPOL2TP 273 #define SOL_BLUETOOTH 274 #define SOL_PNPIPE 275 #define SOL_RDS 276 #define SOL_IUCV 277 #define SOL_CAIF 278 #define SOL_ALG 279 #define SOL_NFC 280 #define SOL_KCM 281 #define SOL_TLS 282 #define SOL_XDP 283 /* IPX options */ #define IPX_TYPE 1 extern int move_addr_to_kernel(void __user *uaddr, int ulen, struct sockaddr_storage *kaddr); extern int put_cmsg(struct msghdr*, int level, int type, int len, void *data); struct timespec64; struct __kernel_timespec; struct old_timespec32; struct scm_timestamping_internal { struct timespec64 ts[3]; }; extern void put_cmsg_scm_timestamping64(struct msghdr *msg, struct scm_timestamping_internal *tss); extern void put_cmsg_scm_timestamping(struct msghdr *msg, struct scm_timestamping_internal *tss); /* The __sys_...msg variants allow MSG_CMSG_COMPAT iff * forbid_cmsg_compat==false */ extern long __sys_recvmsg(int fd, struct user_msghdr __user *msg, unsigned int flags, bool forbid_cmsg_compat); extern long __sys_sendmsg(int fd, struct user_msghdr __user *msg, unsigned int flags, bool forbid_cmsg_compat); extern int __sys_recvmmsg(int fd, struct mmsghdr __user *mmsg, unsigned int vlen, unsigned int flags, struct __kernel_timespec __user *timeout, struct old_timespec32 __user *timeout32); extern int __sys_sendmmsg(int fd, struct mmsghdr __user *mmsg, unsigned int vlen, unsigned int flags, bool forbid_cmsg_compat); extern long __sys_sendmsg_sock(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, unsigned int flags); extern long __sys_recvmsg_sock(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, struct user_msghdr __user *umsg, struct sockaddr __user *uaddr, unsigned int flags); extern int sendmsg_copy_msghdr(struct msghdr *msg, struct user_msghdr __user *umsg, unsigned flags, struct iovec **iov); extern int recvmsg_copy_msghdr(struct msghdr *msg, struct user_msghdr __user *umsg, unsigned flags, struct sockaddr __user **uaddr, struct iovec **iov); extern int __copy_msghdr_from_user(struct msghdr *kmsg, struct user_msghdr __user *umsg, struct sockaddr __user **save_addr, struct iovec __user **uiov, size_t *nsegs); /* helpers which do the actual work for syscalls */ extern int __sys_recvfrom(int fd, void __user *ubuf, size_t size, unsigned int flags, struct sockaddr __user *addr, int __user *addr_len); extern int __sys_sendto(int fd, void __user *buff, size_t len, unsigned int flags, struct sockaddr __user *addr, int addr_len); extern int __sys_accept4_file(struct file *file, unsigned file_flags, struct sockaddr __user *upeer_sockaddr, int __user *upeer_addrlen, int flags, unsigned long nofile); extern int __sys_accept4(int fd, struct sockaddr __user *upeer_sockaddr, int __user *upeer_addrlen, int flags); extern int __sys_socket(int family, int type, int protocol); extern int __sys_bind(int fd, struct sockaddr __user *umyaddr, int addrlen); extern int __sys_connect_file(struct file *file, struct sockaddr_storage *addr, int addrlen, int file_flags); extern int __sys_connect(int fd, struct sockaddr __user *uservaddr, int addrlen); extern int __sys_listen(int fd, int backlog); extern int __sys_getsockname(int fd, struct sockaddr __user *usockaddr, int __user *usockaddr_len); extern int __sys_getpeername(int fd, struct sockaddr __user *usockaddr, int __user *usockaddr_len); extern int __sys_socketpair(int family, int type, int protocol, int __user *usockvec); extern int __sys_shutdown(int fd, int how); #endif /* _LINUX_SOCKET_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+ /* * ext4_jbd2.h * * Written by Stephen C. Tweedie <sct@redhat.com>, 1999 * * Copyright 1998--1999 Red Hat corp --- All Rights Reserved * * Ext4-specific journaling extensions. */ #ifndef _EXT4_JBD2_H #define _EXT4_JBD2_H #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/jbd2.h> #include "ext4.h" #define EXT4_JOURNAL(inode) (EXT4_SB((inode)->i_sb)->s_journal) /* Define the number of blocks we need to account to a transaction to * modify one block of data. * * We may have to touch one inode, one bitmap buffer, up to three * indirection blocks, the group and superblock summaries, and the data * block to complete the transaction. * * For extents-enabled fs we may have to allocate and modify up to * 5 levels of tree, data block (for each of these we need bitmap + group * summaries), root which is stored in the inode, sb */ #define EXT4_SINGLEDATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(sb) \ (ext4_has_feature_extents(sb) ? 20U : 8U) /* Extended attribute operations touch at most two data buffers, * two bitmap buffers, and two group summaries, in addition to the inode * and the superblock, which are already accounted for. */ #define EXT4_XATTR_TRANS_BLOCKS 6U /* Define the minimum size for a transaction which modifies data. This * needs to take into account the fact that we may end up modifying two * quota files too (one for the group, one for the user quota). The * superblock only gets updated once, of course, so don't bother * counting that again for the quota updates. */ #define EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(sb) (EXT4_SINGLEDATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(sb) + \ EXT4_XATTR_TRANS_BLOCKS - 2 + \ EXT4_MAXQUOTAS_TRANS_BLOCKS(sb)) /* * Define the number of metadata blocks we need to account to modify data. * * This include super block, inode block, quota blocks and xattr blocks */ #define EXT4_META_TRANS_BLOCKS(sb) (EXT4_XATTR_TRANS_BLOCKS + \ EXT4_MAXQUOTAS_TRANS_BLOCKS(sb)) /* Define an arbitrary limit for the amount of data we will anticipate * writing to any given transaction. For unbounded transactions such as * write(2) and truncate(2) we can write more than this, but we always * start off at the maximum transaction size and grow the transaction * optimistically as we go. */ #define EXT4_MAX_TRANS_DATA 64U /* We break up a large truncate or write transaction once the handle's * buffer credits gets this low, we need either to extend the * transaction or to start a new one. Reserve enough space here for * inode, bitmap, superblock, group and indirection updates for at least * one block, plus two quota updates. Quota allocations are not * needed. */ #define EXT4_RESERVE_TRANS_BLOCKS 12U /* * Number of credits needed if we need to insert an entry into a * directory. For each new index block, we need 4 blocks (old index * block, new index block, bitmap block, bg summary). For normal * htree directories there are 2 levels; if the largedir feature * enabled it's 3 levels. */ #define EXT4_INDEX_EXTRA_TRANS_BLOCKS 12U #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA /* Amount of blocks needed for quota update - we know that the structure was * allocated so we need to update only data block */ #define EXT4_QUOTA_TRANS_BLOCKS(sb) ((test_opt(sb, QUOTA) ||\ ext4_has_feature_quota(sb)) ? 1 : 0) /* Amount of blocks needed for quota insert/delete - we do some block writes * but inode, sb and group updates are done only once */ #define EXT4_QUOTA_INIT_BLOCKS(sb) ((test_opt(sb, QUOTA) ||\ ext4_has_feature_quota(sb)) ?\ (DQUOT_INIT_ALLOC*(EXT4_SINGLEDATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(sb)-3)\ +3+DQUOT_INIT_REWRITE) : 0) #define EXT4_QUOTA_DEL_BLOCKS(sb) ((test_opt(sb, QUOTA) ||\ ext4_has_feature_quota(sb)) ?\ (DQUOT_DEL_ALLOC*(EXT4_SINGLEDATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(sb)-3)\ +3+DQUOT_DEL_REWRITE) : 0) #else #define EXT4_QUOTA_TRANS_BLOCKS(sb) 0 #define EXT4_QUOTA_INIT_BLOCKS(sb) 0 #define EXT4_QUOTA_DEL_BLOCKS(sb) 0 #endif #define EXT4_MAXQUOTAS_TRANS_BLOCKS(sb) (EXT4_MAXQUOTAS*EXT4_QUOTA_TRANS_BLOCKS(sb)) #define EXT4_MAXQUOTAS_INIT_BLOCKS(sb) (EXT4_MAXQUOTAS*EXT4_QUOTA_INIT_BLOCKS(sb)) #define EXT4_MAXQUOTAS_DEL_BLOCKS(sb) (EXT4_MAXQUOTAS*EXT4_QUOTA_DEL_BLOCKS(sb)) /* * Ext4 handle operation types -- for logging purposes */ #define EXT4_HT_MISC 0 #define EXT4_HT_INODE 1 #define EXT4_HT_WRITE_PAGE 2 #define EXT4_HT_MAP_BLOCKS 3 #define EXT4_HT_DIR 4 #define EXT4_HT_TRUNCATE 5 #define EXT4_HT_QUOTA 6 #define EXT4_HT_RESIZE 7 #define EXT4_HT_MIGRATE 8 #define EXT4_HT_MOVE_EXTENTS 9 #define EXT4_HT_XATTR 10 #define EXT4_HT_EXT_CONVERT 11 #define EXT4_HT_MAX 12 /** * struct ext4_journal_cb_entry - Base structure for callback information. * * This struct is a 'seed' structure for a using with your own callback * structs. If you are using callbacks you must allocate one of these * or another struct of your own definition which has this struct * as it's first element and pass it to ext4_journal_callback_add(). */ struct ext4_journal_cb_entry { /* list information for other callbacks attached to the same handle */ struct list_head jce_list; /* Function to call with this callback structure */ void (*jce_func)(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_journal_cb_entry *jce, int error); /* user data goes here */ }; /** * ext4_journal_callback_add: add a function to call after transaction commit * @handle: active journal transaction handle to register callback on * @func: callback function to call after the transaction has committed: * @sb: superblock of current filesystem for transaction * @jce: returned journal callback data * @rc: journal state at commit (0 = transaction committed properly) * @jce: journal callback data (internal and function private data struct) * * The registered function will be called in the context of the journal thread * after the transaction for which the handle was created has completed. * * No locks are held when the callback function is called, so it is safe to * call blocking functions from within the callback, but the callback should * not block or run for too long, or the filesystem will be blocked waiting for * the next transaction to commit. No journaling functions can be used, or * there is a risk of deadlock. * * There is no guaranteed calling order of multiple registered callbacks on * the same transaction. */ static inline void _ext4_journal_callback_add(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_journal_cb_entry *jce) { /* Add the jce to transaction's private list */ list_add_tail(&jce->jce_list, &handle->h_transaction->t_private_list); } static inline void ext4_journal_callback_add(handle_t *handle, void (*func)(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_journal_cb_entry *jce, int rc), struct ext4_journal_cb_entry *jce) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(handle->h_transaction->t_journal->j_private); /* Add the jce to transaction's private list */ jce->jce_func = func; spin_lock(&sbi->s_md_lock); _ext4_journal_callback_add(handle, jce); spin_unlock(&sbi->s_md_lock); } /** * ext4_journal_callback_del: delete a registered callback * @handle: active journal transaction handle on which callback was registered * @jce: registered journal callback entry to unregister * Return true if object was successfully removed */ static inline bool ext4_journal_callback_try_del(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_journal_cb_entry *jce) { bool deleted; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(handle->h_transaction->t_journal->j_private); spin_lock(&sbi->s_md_lock); deleted = !list_empty(&jce->jce_list); list_del_init(&jce->jce_list); spin_unlock(&sbi->s_md_lock); return deleted; } int ext4_mark_iloc_dirty(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_iloc *iloc); /* * On success, We end up with an outstanding reference count against * iloc->bh. This _must_ be cleaned up later. */ int ext4_reserve_inode_write(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_iloc *iloc); #define ext4_mark_inode_dirty(__h, __i) \ __ext4_mark_inode_dirty((__h), (__i), __func__, __LINE__) int __ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, const char *func, unsigned int line); int ext4_expand_extra_isize(struct inode *inode, unsigned int new_extra_isize, struct ext4_iloc *iloc); /* * Wrapper functions with which ext4 calls into JBD. */ int __ext4_journal_get_write_access(const char *where, unsigned int line, handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh); int __ext4_forget(const char *where, unsigned int line, handle_t *handle, int is_metadata, struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh, ext4_fsblk_t blocknr); int __ext4_journal_get_create_access(const char *where, unsigned int line, handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh); int __ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(const char *where, unsigned int line, handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh); int __ext4_handle_dirty_super(const char *where, unsigned int line, handle_t *handle, struct super_block *sb); #define ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh) \ __ext4_journal_get_write_access(__func__, __LINE__, (handle), (bh)) #define ext4_forget(handle, is_metadata, inode, bh, block_nr) \ __ext4_forget(__func__, __LINE__, (handle), (is_metadata), (inode), \ (bh), (block_nr)) #define ext4_journal_get_create_access(handle, bh) \ __ext4_journal_get_create_access(__func__, __LINE__, (handle), (bh)) #define ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, inode, bh) \ __ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(__func__, __LINE__, (handle), (inode), \ (bh)) #define ext4_handle_dirty_super(handle, sb) \ __ext4_handle_dirty_super(__func__, __LINE__, (handle), (sb)) handle_t *__ext4_journal_start_sb(struct super_block *sb, unsigned int line, int type, int blocks, int rsv_blocks, int revoke_creds); int __ext4_journal_stop(const char *where, unsigned int line, handle_t *handle); #define EXT4_NOJOURNAL_MAX_REF_COUNT ((unsigned long) 4096) /* Note: Do not use this for NULL handles. This is only to determine if * a properly allocated handle is using a journal or not. */ static inline int ext4_handle_valid(handle_t *handle) { if ((unsigned long)handle < EXT4_NOJOURNAL_MAX_REF_COUNT) return 0; return 1; } static inline void ext4_handle_sync(handle_t *handle) { if (ext4_handle_valid(handle)) handle->h_sync = 1; } static inline int ext4_handle_is_aborted(handle_t *handle) { if (ext4_handle_valid(handle)) return is_handle_aborted(handle); return 0; } static inline int ext4_free_metadata_revoke_credits(struct super_block *sb, int blocks) { /* Freeing each metadata block can result in freeing one cluster */ return blocks * EXT4_SB(sb)->s_cluster_ratio; } static inline int ext4_trans_default_revoke_credits(struct super_block *sb) { return ext4_free_metadata_revoke_credits(sb, 8); } #define ext4_journal_start_sb(sb, type, nblocks) \ __ext4_journal_start_sb((sb), __LINE__, (type), (nblocks), 0, \ ext4_trans_default_revoke_credits(sb)) #define ext4_journal_start(inode, type, nblocks) \ __ext4_journal_start((inode), __LINE__, (type), (nblocks), 0, \ ext4_trans_default_revoke_credits((inode)->i_sb)) #define ext4_journal_start_with_reserve(inode, type, blocks, rsv_blocks)\ __ext4_journal_start((inode), __LINE__, (type), (blocks), (rsv_blocks),\ ext4_trans_default_revoke_credits((inode)->i_sb)) #define ext4_journal_start_with_revoke(inode, type, blocks, revoke_creds) \ __ext4_journal_start((inode), __LINE__, (type), (blocks), 0, \ (revoke_creds)) static inline handle_t *__ext4_journal_start(struct inode *inode, unsigned int line, int type, int blocks, int rsv_blocks, int revoke_creds) { return __ext4_journal_start_sb(inode->i_sb, line, type, blocks, rsv_blocks, revoke_creds); } #define ext4_journal_stop(handle) \ __ext4_journal_stop(__func__, __LINE__, (handle)) #define ext4_journal_start_reserved(handle, type) \ __ext4_journal_start_reserved((handle), __LINE__, (type)) handle_t *__ext4_journal_start_reserved(handle_t *handle, unsigned int line, int type); static inline handle_t *ext4_journal_current_handle(void) { return journal_current_handle(); } static inline int ext4_journal_extend(handle_t *handle, int nblocks, int revoke) { if (ext4_handle_valid(handle)) return jbd2_journal_extend(handle, nblocks, revoke); return 0; } static inline int ext4_journal_restart(handle_t *handle, int nblocks, int revoke) { if (ext4_handle_valid(handle)) return jbd2__journal_restart(handle, nblocks, revoke, GFP_NOFS); return 0; } int __ext4_journal_ensure_credits(handle_t *handle, int check_cred, int extend_cred, int revoke_cred); /* * Ensure @handle has at least @check_creds credits available. If not, * transaction will be extended or restarted to contain at least @extend_cred * credits. Before restarting transaction @fn is executed to allow for cleanup * before the transaction is restarted. * * The return value is < 0 in case of error, 0 in case the handle has enough * credits or transaction extension succeeded, 1 in case transaction had to be * restarted. */ #define ext4_journal_ensure_credits_fn(handle, check_cred, extend_cred, \ revoke_cred, fn) \ ({ \ __label__ __ensure_end; \ int err = __ext4_journal_ensure_credits((handle), (check_cred), \ (extend_cred), (revoke_cred)); \ \ if (err <= 0) \ goto __ensure_end; \ err = (fn); \ if (err < 0) \ goto __ensure_end; \ err = ext4_journal_restart((handle), (extend_cred), (revoke_cred)); \ if (err == 0) \ err = 1; \ __ensure_end: \ err; \ }) /* * Ensure given handle has at least requested amount of credits available, * possibly restarting transaction if needed. We also make sure the transaction * has space for at least ext4_trans_default_revoke_credits(sb) revoke records * as freeing one or two blocks is very common pattern and requesting this is * very cheap. */ static inline int ext4_journal_ensure_credits(handle_t *handle, int credits, int revoke_creds) { return ext4_journal_ensure_credits_fn(handle, credits, credits, revoke_creds, 0); } static inline int ext4_journal_blocks_per_page(struct inode *inode) { if (EXT4_JOURNAL(inode) != NULL) return jbd2_journal_blocks_per_page(inode); return 0; } static inline int ext4_journal_force_commit(journal_t *journal) { if (journal) return jbd2_journal_force_commit(journal); return 0; } static inline int ext4_jbd2_inode_add_write(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, loff_t start_byte, loff_t length) { if (ext4_handle_valid(handle)) return jbd2_journal_inode_ranged_write(handle, EXT4_I(inode)->jinode, start_byte, length); return 0; } static inline int ext4_jbd2_inode_add_wait(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, loff_t start_byte, loff_t length) { if (ext4_handle_valid(handle)) return jbd2_journal_inode_ranged_wait(handle, EXT4_I(inode)->jinode, start_byte, length); return 0; } static inline void ext4_update_inode_fsync_trans(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, int datasync) { struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); if (ext4_handle_valid(handle) && !is_handle_aborted(handle)) { ei->i_sync_tid = handle->h_transaction->t_tid; if (datasync) ei->i_datasync_tid = handle->h_transaction->t_tid; } } /* super.c */ int ext4_force_commit(struct super_block *sb); /* * Ext4 inode journal modes */ #define EXT4_INODE_JOURNAL_DATA_MODE 0x01 /* journal data mode */ #define EXT4_INODE_ORDERED_DATA_MODE 0x02 /* ordered data mode */ #define EXT4_INODE_WRITEBACK_DATA_MODE 0x04 /* writeback data mode */ int ext4_inode_journal_mode(struct inode *inode); static inline int ext4_should_journal_data(struct inode *inode) { return ext4_inode_journal_mode(inode) & EXT4_INODE_JOURNAL_DATA_MODE; } static inline int ext4_should_order_data(struct inode *inode) { return ext4_inode_journal_mode(inode) & EXT4_INODE_ORDERED_DATA_MODE; } static inline int ext4_should_writeback_data(struct inode *inode) { return ext4_inode_journal_mode(inode) & EXT4_INODE_WRITEBACK_DATA_MODE; } static inline int ext4_free_data_revoke_credits(struct inode *inode, int blocks) { if (test_opt(inode->i_sb, DATA_FLAGS) == EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_DATA) return 0; if (!ext4_should_journal_data(inode)) return 0; /* * Data blocks in one extent are contiguous, just account for partial * clusters at extent boundaries */ return blocks + 2*(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_cluster_ratio - 1); } /* * This function controls whether or not we should try to go down the * dioread_nolock code paths, which makes it safe to avoid taking * i_mutex for direct I/O reads. This only works for extent-based * files, and it doesn't work if data journaling is enabled, since the * dioread_nolock code uses b_private to pass information back to the * I/O completion handler, and this conflicts with the jbd's use of * b_private. */ static inline int ext4_should_dioread_nolock(struct inode *inode) { if (!test_opt(inode->i_sb, DIOREAD_NOLOCK)) return 0; if (!S_ISREG(inode->i_mode)) return 0; if (!(ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS))) return 0; if (ext4_should_journal_data(inode)) return 0; /* temporary fix to prevent generic/422 test failures */ if (!test_opt(inode->i_sb, DELALLOC)) return 0; return 1; } #endif /* _EXT4_JBD2_H */
1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _X_TABLES_H #define _X_TABLES_H #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/static_key.h> #include <linux/netfilter.h> #include <uapi/linux/netfilter/x_tables.h> /* Test a struct->invflags and a boolean for inequality */ #define NF_INVF(ptr, flag, boolean) \ ((boolean) ^ !!((ptr)->invflags & (flag))) /** * struct xt_action_param - parameters for matches/targets * * @match: the match extension * @target: the target extension * @matchinfo: per-match data * @targetinfo: per-target data * @state: pointer to hook state this packet came from * @fragoff: packet is a fragment, this is the data offset * @thoff: position of transport header relative to skb->data * * Fields written to by extensions: * * @hotdrop: drop packet if we had inspection problems */ struct xt_action_param { union { const struct xt_match *match; const struct xt_target *target; }; union { const void *matchinfo, *targinfo; }; const struct nf_hook_state *state; int fragoff; unsigned int thoff; bool hotdrop; }; static inline struct net *xt_net(const struct xt_action_param *par) { return par->state->net; } static inline struct net_device *xt_in(const struct xt_action_param *par) { return par->state->in; } static inline const char *xt_inname(const struct xt_action_param *par) { return par->state->in->name; } static inline struct net_device *xt_out(const struct xt_action_param *par) { return par->state->out; } static inline const char *xt_outname(const struct xt_action_param *par) { return par->state->out->name; } static inline unsigned int xt_hooknum(const struct xt_action_param *par) { return par->state->hook; } static inline u_int8_t xt_family(const struct xt_action_param *par) { return par->state->pf; } /** * struct xt_mtchk_param - parameters for match extensions' * checkentry functions * * @net: network namespace through which the check was invoked * @table: table the rule is tried to be inserted into * @entryinfo: the family-specific rule data * (struct ipt_ip, ip6t_ip, arpt_arp or (note) ebt_entry) * @match: struct xt_match through which this function was invoked * @matchinfo: per-match data * @hook_mask: via which hooks the new rule is reachable * Other fields as above. */ struct xt_mtchk_param { struct net *net; const char *table; const void *entryinfo; const struct xt_match *match; void *matchinfo; unsigned int hook_mask; u_int8_t family; bool nft_compat; }; /** * struct xt_mdtor_param - match destructor parameters * Fields as above. */ struct xt_mtdtor_param { struct net *net; const struct xt_match *match; void *matchinfo; u_int8_t family; }; /** * struct xt_tgchk_param - parameters for target extensions' * checkentry functions * * @entryinfo: the family-specific rule data * (struct ipt_entry, ip6t_entry, arpt_entry, ebt_entry) * * Other fields see above. */ struct xt_tgchk_param { struct net *net; const char *table; const void *entryinfo; const struct xt_target *target; void *targinfo; unsigned int hook_mask; u_int8_t family; bool nft_compat; }; /* Target destructor parameters */ struct xt_tgdtor_param { struct net *net; const struct xt_target *target; void *targinfo; u_int8_t family; }; struct xt_match { struct list_head list; const char name[XT_EXTENSION_MAXNAMELEN]; u_int8_t revision; /* Return true or false: return FALSE and set *hotdrop = 1 to force immediate packet drop. */ /* Arguments changed since 2.6.9, as this must now handle non-linear skb, using skb_header_pointer and skb_ip_make_writable. */ bool (*match)(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct xt_action_param *); /* Called when user tries to insert an entry of this type. */ int (*checkentry)(const struct xt_mtchk_param *); /* Called when entry of this type deleted. */ void (*destroy)(const struct xt_mtdtor_param *); #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT /* Called when userspace align differs from kernel space one */ void (*compat_from_user)(void *dst, const void *src); int (*compat_to_user)(void __user *dst, const void *src); #endif /* Set this to THIS_MODULE if you are a module, otherwise NULL */ struct module *me; const char *table; unsigned int matchsize; unsigned int usersize; #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT unsigned int compatsize; #endif unsigned int hooks; unsigned short proto; unsigned short family; }; /* Registration hooks for targets. */ struct xt_target { struct list_head list; const char name[XT_EXTENSION_MAXNAMELEN]; u_int8_t revision; /* Returns verdict. Argument order changed since 2.6.9, as this must now handle non-linear skbs, using skb_copy_bits and skb_ip_make_writable. */ unsigned int (*target)(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct xt_action_param *); /* Called when user tries to insert an entry of this type: hook_mask is a bitmask of hooks from which it can be called. */ /* Should return 0 on success or an error code otherwise (-Exxxx). */ int (*checkentry)(const struct xt_tgchk_param *); /* Called when entry of this type deleted. */ void (*destroy)(const struct xt_tgdtor_param *); #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT /* Called when userspace align differs from kernel space one */ void (*compat_from_user)(void *dst, const void *src); int (*compat_to_user)(void __user *dst, const void *src); #endif /* Set this to THIS_MODULE if you are a module, otherwise NULL */ struct module *me; const char *table; unsigned int targetsize; unsigned int usersize; #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT unsigned int compatsize; #endif unsigned int hooks; unsigned short proto; unsigned short family; }; /* Furniture shopping... */ struct xt_table { struct list_head list; /* What hooks you will enter on */ unsigned int valid_hooks; /* Man behind the curtain... */ struct xt_table_info *private; /* Set this to THIS_MODULE if you are a module, otherwise NULL */ struct module *me; u_int8_t af; /* address/protocol family */ int priority; /* hook order */ /* called when table is needed in the given netns */ int (*table_init)(struct net *net); /* A unique name... */ const char name[XT_TABLE_MAXNAMELEN]; }; #include <linux/netfilter_ipv4.h> /* The table itself */ struct xt_table_info { /* Size per table */ unsigned int size; /* Number of entries: FIXME. --RR */ unsigned int number; /* Initial number of entries. Needed for module usage count */ unsigned int initial_entries; /* Entry points and underflows */ unsigned int hook_entry[NF_INET_NUMHOOKS]; unsigned int underflow[NF_INET_NUMHOOKS]; /* * Number of user chains. Since tables cannot have loops, at most * @stacksize jumps (number of user chains) can possibly be made. */ unsigned int stacksize; void ***jumpstack; unsigned char entries[] __aligned(8); }; int xt_register_target(struct xt_target *target); void xt_unregister_target(struct xt_target *target); int xt_register_targets(struct xt_target *target, unsigned int n); void xt_unregister_targets(struct xt_target *target, unsigned int n); int xt_register_match(struct xt_match *target); void xt_unregister_match(struct xt_match *target); int xt_register_matches(struct xt_match *match, unsigned int n); void xt_unregister_matches(struct xt_match *match, unsigned int n); int xt_check_entry_offsets(const void *base, const char *elems, unsigned int target_offset, unsigned int next_offset); int xt_check_table_hooks(const struct xt_table_info *info, unsigned int valid_hooks); unsigned int *xt_alloc_entry_offsets(unsigned int size); bool xt_find_jump_offset(const unsigned int *offsets, unsigned int target, unsigned int size); int xt_check_proc_name(const char *name, unsigned int size); int xt_check_match(struct xt_mtchk_param *, unsigned int size, u16 proto, bool inv_proto); int xt_check_target(struct xt_tgchk_param *, unsigned int size, u16 proto, bool inv_proto); int xt_match_to_user(const struct xt_entry_match *m, struct xt_entry_match __user *u); int xt_target_to_user(const struct xt_entry_target *t, struct xt_entry_target __user *u); int xt_data_to_user(void __user *dst, const void *src, int usersize, int size, int aligned_size); void *xt_copy_counters(sockptr_t arg, unsigned int len, struct xt_counters_info *info); struct xt_counters *xt_counters_alloc(unsigned int counters); struct xt_table *xt_register_table(struct net *net, const struct xt_table *table, struct xt_table_info *bootstrap, struct xt_table_info *newinfo); void *xt_unregister_table(struct xt_table *table); struct xt_table_info *xt_replace_table(struct xt_table *table, unsigned int num_counters, struct xt_table_info *newinfo, int *error); struct xt_match *xt_find_match(u8 af, const char *name, u8 revision); struct xt_match *xt_request_find_match(u8 af, const char *name, u8 revision); struct xt_target *xt_request_find_target(u8 af, const char *name, u8 revision); int xt_find_revision(u8 af, const char *name, u8 revision, int target, int *err); struct xt_table *xt_find_table_lock(struct net *net, u_int8_t af, const char *name); struct xt_table *xt_request_find_table_lock(struct net *net, u_int8_t af, const char *name); void xt_table_unlock(struct xt_table *t); int xt_proto_init(struct net *net, u_int8_t af); void xt_proto_fini(struct net *net, u_int8_t af); struct xt_table_info *xt_alloc_table_info(unsigned int size); void xt_free_table_info(struct xt_table_info *info); /** * xt_recseq - recursive seqcount for netfilter use * * Packet processing changes the seqcount only if no recursion happened * get_counters() can use read_seqcount_begin()/read_seqcount_retry(), * because we use the normal seqcount convention : * Low order bit set to 1 if a writer is active. */ DECLARE_PER_CPU(seqcount_t, xt_recseq); /* xt_tee_enabled - true if x_tables needs to handle reentrancy * * Enabled if current ip(6)tables ruleset has at least one -j TEE rule. */ extern struct static_key xt_tee_enabled; /** * xt_write_recseq_begin - start of a write section * * Begin packet processing : all readers must wait the end * 1) Must be called with preemption disabled * 2) softirqs must be disabled too (or we should use this_cpu_add()) * Returns : * 1 if no recursion on this cpu * 0 if recursion detected */ static inline unsigned int xt_write_recseq_begin(void) { unsigned int addend; /* * Low order bit of sequence is set if we already * called xt_write_recseq_begin(). */ addend = (__this_cpu_read(xt_recseq.sequence) + 1) & 1; /* * This is kind of a write_seqcount_begin(), but addend is 0 or 1 * We dont check addend value to avoid a test and conditional jump, * since addend is most likely 1 */ __this_cpu_add(xt_recseq.sequence, addend); smp_mb(); return addend; } /** * xt_write_recseq_end - end of a write section * @addend: return value from previous xt_write_recseq_begin() * * End packet processing : all readers can proceed * 1) Must be called with preemption disabled * 2) softirqs must be disabled too (or we should use this_cpu_add()) */ static inline void xt_write_recseq_end(unsigned int addend) { /* this is kind of a write_seqcount_end(), but addend is 0 or 1 */ smp_wmb(); __this_cpu_add(xt_recseq.sequence, addend); } /* * This helper is performance critical and must be inlined */ static inline unsigned long ifname_compare_aligned(const char *_a, const char *_b, const char *_mask) { const unsigned long *a = (const unsigned long *)_a; const unsigned long *b = (const unsigned long *)_b; const unsigned long *mask = (const unsigned long *)_mask; unsigned long ret; ret = (a[0] ^ b[0]) & mask[0]; if (IFNAMSIZ > sizeof(unsigned long)) ret |= (a[1] ^ b[1]) & mask[1]; if (IFNAMSIZ > 2 * sizeof(unsigned long)) ret |= (a[2] ^ b[2]) & mask[2]; if (IFNAMSIZ > 3 * sizeof(unsigned long)) ret |= (a[3] ^ b[3]) & mask[3]; BUILD_BUG_ON(IFNAMSIZ > 4 * sizeof(unsigned long)); return ret; } struct xt_percpu_counter_alloc_state { unsigned int off; const char __percpu *mem; }; bool xt_percpu_counter_alloc(struct xt_percpu_counter_alloc_state *state, struct xt_counters *counter); void xt_percpu_counter_free(struct xt_counters *cnt); static inline struct xt_counters * xt_get_this_cpu_counter(struct xt_counters *cnt) { if (nr_cpu_ids > 1) return this_cpu_ptr((void __percpu *) (unsigned long) cnt->pcnt); return cnt; } static inline struct xt_counters * xt_get_per_cpu_counter(struct xt_counters *cnt, unsigned int cpu) { if (nr_cpu_ids > 1) return per_cpu_ptr((void __percpu *) (unsigned long) cnt->pcnt, cpu); return cnt; } struct nf_hook_ops *xt_hook_ops_alloc(const struct xt_table *, nf_hookfn *); #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT #include <net/compat.h> struct compat_xt_entry_match { union { struct { u_int16_t match_size; char name[XT_FUNCTION_MAXNAMELEN - 1]; u_int8_t revision; } user; struct { u_int16_t match_size; compat_uptr_t match; } kernel; u_int16_t match_size; } u; unsigned char data[]; }; struct compat_xt_entry_target { union { struct { u_int16_t target_size; char name[XT_FUNCTION_MAXNAMELEN - 1]; u_int8_t revision; } user; struct { u_int16_t target_size; compat_uptr_t target; } kernel; u_int16_t target_size; } u; unsigned char data[]; }; /* FIXME: this works only on 32 bit tasks * need to change whole approach in order to calculate align as function of * current task alignment */ struct compat_xt_counters { compat_u64 pcnt, bcnt; /* Packet and byte counters */ }; struct compat_xt_counters_info { char name[XT_TABLE_MAXNAMELEN]; compat_uint_t num_counters; struct compat_xt_counters counters[]; }; struct _compat_xt_align { __u8 u8; __u16 u16; __u32 u32; compat_u64 u64; }; #define COMPAT_XT_ALIGN(s) __ALIGN_KERNEL((s), __alignof__(struct _compat_xt_align)) void xt_compat_lock(u_int8_t af); void xt_compat_unlock(u_int8_t af); int xt_compat_add_offset(u_int8_t af, unsigned int offset, int delta); void xt_compat_flush_offsets(u_int8_t af); int xt_compat_init_offsets(u8 af, unsigned int number); int xt_compat_calc_jump(u_int8_t af, unsigned int offset); int xt_compat_match_offset(const struct xt_match *match); void xt_compat_match_from_user(struct xt_entry_match *m, void **dstptr, unsigned int *size); int xt_compat_match_to_user(const struct xt_entry_match *m, void __user **dstptr, unsigned int *size); int xt_compat_target_offset(const struct xt_target *target); void xt_compat_target_from_user(struct xt_entry_target *t, void **dstptr, unsigned int *size); int xt_compat_target_to_user(const struct xt_entry_target *t, void __user **dstptr, unsigned int *size); int xt_compat_check_entry_offsets(const void *base, const char *elems, unsigned int target_offset, unsigned int next_offset); #endif /* CONFIG_COMPAT */ #endif /* _X_TABLES_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_GFP_H #define __LINUX_GFP_H #include <linux/mmdebug.h> #include <linux/mmzone.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/topology.h> struct vm_area_struct; /* * In case of changes, please don't forget to update * include/trace/events/mmflags.h and tools/perf/builtin-kmem.c */ /* Plain integer GFP bitmasks. Do not use this directly. */ #define ___GFP_DMA 0x01u #define ___GFP_HIGHMEM 0x02u #define ___GFP_DMA32 0x04u #define ___GFP_MOVABLE 0x08u #define ___GFP_RECLAIMABLE 0x10u #define ___GFP_HIGH 0x20u #define ___GFP_IO 0x40u #define ___GFP_FS 0x80u #define ___GFP_ZERO 0x100u #define ___GFP_ATOMIC 0x200u #define ___GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM 0x400u #define ___GFP_KSWAPD_RECLAIM 0x800u #define ___GFP_WRITE 0x1000u #define ___GFP_NOWARN 0x2000u #define ___GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL 0x4000u #define ___GFP_NOFAIL 0x8000u #define ___GFP_NORETRY 0x10000u #define ___GFP_MEMALLOC 0x20000u #define ___GFP_COMP 0x40000u #define ___GFP_NOMEMALLOC 0x80000u #define ___GFP_HARDWALL 0x100000u #define ___GFP_THISNODE 0x200000u #define ___GFP_ACCOUNT 0x400000u #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP #define ___GFP_NOLOCKDEP 0x800000u #else #define ___GFP_NOLOCKDEP 0 #endif /* If the above are modified, __GFP_BITS_SHIFT may need updating */ /* * Physical address zone modifiers (see linux/mmzone.h - low four bits) * * Do not put any conditional on these. If necessary modify the definitions * without the underscores and use them consistently. The definitions here may * be used in bit comparisons. */ #define __GFP_DMA ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_DMA) #define __GFP_HIGHMEM ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_HIGHMEM) #define __GFP_DMA32 ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_DMA32) #define __GFP_MOVABLE ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_MOVABLE) /* ZONE_MOVABLE allowed */ #define GFP_ZONEMASK (__GFP_DMA|__GFP_HIGHMEM|__GFP_DMA32|__GFP_MOVABLE) /** * DOC: Page mobility and placement hints * * Page mobility and placement hints * ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ * * These flags provide hints about how mobile the page is. Pages with similar * mobility are placed within the same pageblocks to minimise problems due * to external fragmentation. * * %__GFP_MOVABLE (also a zone modifier) indicates that the page can be * moved by page migration during memory compaction or can be reclaimed. * * %__GFP_RECLAIMABLE is used for slab allocations that specify * SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT and whose pages can be freed via shrinkers. * * %__GFP_WRITE indicates the caller intends to dirty the page. Where possible, * these pages will be spread between local zones to avoid all the dirty * pages being in one zone (fair zone allocation policy). * * %__GFP_HARDWALL enforces the cpuset memory allocation policy. * * %__GFP_THISNODE forces the allocation to be satisfied from the requested * node with no fallbacks or placement policy enforcements. * * %__GFP_ACCOUNT causes the allocation to be accounted to kmemcg. */ #define __GFP_RECLAIMABLE ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_RECLAIMABLE) #define __GFP_WRITE ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_WRITE) #define __GFP_HARDWALL ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_HARDWALL) #define __GFP_THISNODE ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_THISNODE) #define __GFP_ACCOUNT ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_ACCOUNT) /** * DOC: Watermark modifiers * * Watermark modifiers -- controls access to emergency reserves * ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ * * %__GFP_HIGH indicates that the caller is high-priority and that granting * the request is necessary before the system can make forward progress. * For example, creating an IO context to clean pages. * * %__GFP_ATOMIC indicates that the caller cannot reclaim or sleep and is * high priority. Users are typically interrupt handlers. This may be * used in conjunction with %__GFP_HIGH * * %__GFP_MEMALLOC allows access to all memory. This should only be used when * the caller guarantees the allocation will allow more memory to be freed * very shortly e.g. process exiting or swapping. Users either should * be the MM or co-ordinating closely with the VM (e.g. swap over NFS). * Users of this flag have to be extremely careful to not deplete the reserve * completely and implement a throttling mechanism which controls the * consumption of the reserve based on the amount of freed memory. * Usage of a pre-allocated pool (e.g. mempool) should be always considered * before using this flag. * * %__GFP_NOMEMALLOC is used to explicitly forbid access to emergency reserves. * This takes precedence over the %__GFP_MEMALLOC flag if both are set. */ #define __GFP_ATOMIC ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_ATOMIC) #define __GFP_HIGH ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_HIGH) #define __GFP_MEMALLOC ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_MEMALLOC) #define __GFP_NOMEMALLOC ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_NOMEMALLOC) /** * DOC: Reclaim modifiers * * Reclaim modifiers * ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ * Please note that all the following flags are only applicable to sleepable * allocations (e.g. %GFP_NOWAIT and %GFP_ATOMIC will ignore them). * * %__GFP_IO can start physical IO. * * %__GFP_FS can call down to the low-level FS. Clearing the flag avoids the * allocator recursing into the filesystem which might already be holding * locks. * * %__GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM indicates that the caller may enter direct reclaim. * This flag can be cleared to avoid unnecessary delays when a fallback * option is available. * * %__GFP_KSWAPD_RECLAIM indicates that the caller wants to wake kswapd when * the low watermark is reached and have it reclaim pages until the high * watermark is reached. A caller may wish to clear this flag when fallback * options are available and the reclaim is likely to disrupt the system. The * canonical example is THP allocation where a fallback is cheap but * reclaim/compaction may cause indirect stalls. * * %__GFP_RECLAIM is shorthand to allow/forbid both direct and kswapd reclaim. * * The default allocator behavior depends on the request size. We have a concept * of so called costly allocations (with order > %PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER). * !costly allocations are too essential to fail so they are implicitly * non-failing by default (with some exceptions like OOM victims might fail so * the caller still has to check for failures) while costly requests try to be * not disruptive and back off even without invoking the OOM killer. * The following three modifiers might be used to override some of these * implicit rules * * %__GFP_NORETRY: The VM implementation will try only very lightweight * memory direct reclaim to get some memory under memory pressure (thus * it can sleep). It will avoid disruptive actions like OOM killer. The * caller must handle the failure which is quite likely to happen under * heavy memory pressure. The flag is suitable when failure can easily be * handled at small cost, such as reduced throughput * * %__GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL: The VM implementation will retry memory reclaim * procedures that have previously failed if there is some indication * that progress has been made else where. It can wait for other * tasks to attempt high level approaches to freeing memory such as * compaction (which removes fragmentation) and page-out. * There is still a definite limit to the number of retries, but it is * a larger limit than with %__GFP_NORETRY. * Allocations with this flag may fail, but only when there is * genuinely little unused memory. While these allocations do not * directly trigger the OOM killer, their failure indicates that * the system is likely to need to use the OOM killer soon. The * caller must handle failure, but can reasonably do so by failing * a higher-level request, or completing it only in a much less * efficient manner. * If the allocation does fail, and the caller is in a position to * free some non-essential memory, doing so could benefit the system * as a whole. * * %__GFP_NOFAIL: The VM implementation _must_ retry infinitely: the caller * cannot handle allocation failures. The allocation could block * indefinitely but will never return with failure. Testing for * failure is pointless. * New users should be evaluated carefully (and the flag should be * used only when there is no reasonable failure policy) but it is * definitely preferable to use the flag rather than opencode endless * loop around allocator. * Using this flag for costly allocations is _highly_ discouraged. */ #define __GFP_IO ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_IO) #define __GFP_FS ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_FS) #define __GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM) /* Caller can reclaim */ #define __GFP_KSWAPD_RECLAIM ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_KSWAPD_RECLAIM) /* kswapd can wake */ #define __GFP_RECLAIM ((__force gfp_t)(___GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM|___GFP_KSWAPD_RECLAIM)) #define __GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL) #define __GFP_NOFAIL ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_NOFAIL) #define __GFP_NORETRY ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_NORETRY) /** * DOC: Action modifiers * * Action modifiers * ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ * * %__GFP_NOWARN suppresses allocation failure reports. * * %__GFP_COMP address compound page metadata. * * %__GFP_ZERO returns a zeroed page on success. */ #define __GFP_NOWARN ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_NOWARN) #define __GFP_COMP ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_COMP) #define __GFP_ZERO ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_ZERO) /* Disable lockdep for GFP context tracking */ #define __GFP_NOLOCKDEP ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_NOLOCKDEP) /* Room for N __GFP_FOO bits */ #define __GFP_BITS_SHIFT (23 + IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_LOCKDEP)) #define __GFP_BITS_MASK ((__force gfp_t)((1 << __GFP_BITS_SHIFT) - 1)) /** * DOC: Useful GFP flag combinations * * Useful GFP flag combinations * ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ * * Useful GFP flag combinations that are commonly used. It is recommended * that subsystems start with one of these combinations and then set/clear * %__GFP_FOO flags as necessary. * * %GFP_ATOMIC users can not sleep and need the allocation to succeed. A lower * watermark is applied to allow access to "atomic reserves". * The current implementation doesn't support NMI and few other strict * non-preemptive contexts (e.g. raw_spin_lock). The same applies to %GFP_NOWAIT. * * %GFP_KERNEL is typical for kernel-internal allocations. The caller requires * %ZONE_NORMAL or a lower zone for direct access but can direct reclaim. * * %GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT is the same as GFP_KERNEL, except the allocation is * accounted to kmemcg. * * %GFP_NOWAIT is for kernel allocations that should not stall for direct * reclaim, start physical IO or use any filesystem callback. * * %GFP_NOIO will use direct reclaim to discard clean pages or slab pages * that do not require the starting of any physical IO. * Please try to avoid using this flag directly and instead use * memalloc_noio_{save,restore} to mark the whole scope which cannot * perform any IO with a short explanation why. All allocation requests * will inherit GFP_NOIO implicitly. * * %GFP_NOFS will use direct reclaim but will not use any filesystem interfaces. * Please try to avoid using this flag directly and instead use * memalloc_nofs_{save,restore} to mark the whole scope which cannot/shouldn't * recurse into the FS layer with a short explanation why. All allocation * requests will inherit GFP_NOFS implicitly. * * %GFP_USER is for userspace allocations that also need to be directly * accessibly by the kernel or hardware. It is typically used by hardware * for buffers that are mapped to userspace (e.g. graphics) that hardware * still must DMA to. cpuset limits are enforced for these allocations. * * %GFP_DMA exists for historical reasons and should be avoided where possible. * The flags indicates that the caller requires that the lowest zone be * used (%ZONE_DMA or 16M on x86-64). Ideally, this would be removed but * it would require careful auditing as some users really require it and * others use the flag to avoid lowmem reserves in %ZONE_DMA and treat the * lowest zone as a type of emergency reserve. * * %GFP_DMA32 is similar to %GFP_DMA except that the caller requires a 32-bit * address. * * %GFP_HIGHUSER is for userspace allocations that may be mapped to userspace, * do not need to be directly accessible by the kernel but that cannot * move once in use. An example may be a hardware allocation that maps * data directly into userspace but has no addressing limitations. * * %GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE is for userspace allocations that the kernel does not * need direct access to but can use kmap() when access is required. They * are expected to be movable via page reclaim or page migration. Typically, * pages on the LRU would also be allocated with %GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE. * * %GFP_TRANSHUGE and %GFP_TRANSHUGE_LIGHT are used for THP allocations. They * are compound allocations that will generally fail quickly if memory is not * available and will not wake kswapd/kcompactd on failure. The _LIGHT * version does not attempt reclaim/compaction at all and is by default used * in page fault path, while the non-light is used by khugepaged. */ #define GFP_ATOMIC (__GFP_HIGH|__GFP_ATOMIC|__GFP_KSWAPD_RECLAIM) #define GFP_KERNEL (__GFP_RECLAIM | __GFP_IO | __GFP_FS) #define GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT (GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ACCOUNT) #define GFP_NOWAIT (__GFP_KSWAPD_RECLAIM) #define GFP_NOIO (__GFP_RECLAIM) #define GFP_NOFS (__GFP_RECLAIM | __GFP_IO) #define GFP_USER (__GFP_RECLAIM | __GFP_IO | __GFP_FS | __GFP_HARDWALL) #define GFP_DMA __GFP_DMA #define GFP_DMA32 __GFP_DMA32 #define GFP_HIGHUSER (GFP_USER | __GFP_HIGHMEM) #define GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE (GFP_HIGHUSER | __GFP_MOVABLE) #define GFP_TRANSHUGE_LIGHT ((GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE | __GFP_COMP | \ __GFP_NOMEMALLOC | __GFP_NOWARN) & ~__GFP_RECLAIM) #define GFP_TRANSHUGE (GFP_TRANSHUGE_LIGHT | __GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM) /* Convert GFP flags to their corresponding migrate type */ #define GFP_MOVABLE_MASK (__GFP_RECLAIMABLE|__GFP_MOVABLE) #define GFP_MOVABLE_SHIFT 3 static inline int gfp_migratetype(const gfp_t gfp_flags) { VM_WARN_ON((gfp_flags & GFP_MOVABLE_MASK) == GFP_MOVABLE_MASK); BUILD_BUG_ON((1UL << GFP_MOVABLE_SHIFT) != ___GFP_MOVABLE); BUILD_BUG_ON((___GFP_MOVABLE >> GFP_MOVABLE_SHIFT) != MIGRATE_MOVABLE); if (unlikely(page_group_by_mobility_disabled)) return MIGRATE_UNMOVABLE; /* Group based on mobility */ return (gfp_flags & GFP_MOVABLE_MASK) >> GFP_MOVABLE_SHIFT; } #undef GFP_MOVABLE_MASK #undef GFP_MOVABLE_SHIFT static inline bool gfpflags_allow_blocking(const gfp_t gfp_flags) { return !!(gfp_flags & __GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM); } /** * gfpflags_normal_context - is gfp_flags a normal sleepable context? * @gfp_flags: gfp_flags to test * * Test whether @gfp_flags indicates that the allocation is from the * %current context and allowed to sleep. * * An allocation being allowed to block doesn't mean it owns the %current * context. When direct reclaim path tries to allocate memory, the * allocation context is nested inside whatever %current was doing at the * time of the original allocation. The nested allocation may be allowed * to block but modifying anything %current owns can corrupt the outer * context's expectations. * * %true result from this function indicates that the allocation context * can sleep and use anything that's associated with %current. */ static inline bool gfpflags_normal_context(const gfp_t gfp_flags) { return (gfp_flags & (__GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM | __GFP_MEMALLOC)) == __GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM; } #ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM #define OPT_ZONE_HIGHMEM ZONE_HIGHMEM #else #define OPT_ZONE_HIGHMEM ZONE_NORMAL #endif #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DMA #define OPT_ZONE_DMA ZONE_DMA #else #define OPT_ZONE_DMA ZONE_NORMAL #endif #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DMA32 #define OPT_ZONE_DMA32 ZONE_DMA32 #else #define OPT_ZONE_DMA32 ZONE_NORMAL #endif /* * GFP_ZONE_TABLE is a word size bitstring that is used for looking up the * zone to use given the lowest 4 bits of gfp_t. Entries are GFP_ZONES_SHIFT * bits long and there are 16 of them to cover all possible combinations of * __GFP_DMA, __GFP_DMA32, __GFP_MOVABLE and __GFP_HIGHMEM. * * The zone fallback order is MOVABLE=>HIGHMEM=>NORMAL=>DMA32=>DMA. * But GFP_MOVABLE is not only a zone specifier but also an allocation * policy. Therefore __GFP_MOVABLE plus another zone selector is valid. * Only 1 bit of the lowest 3 bits (DMA,DMA32,HIGHMEM) can be set to "1". * * bit result * ================= * 0x0 => NORMAL * 0x1 => DMA or NORMAL * 0x2 => HIGHMEM or NORMAL * 0x3 => BAD (DMA+HIGHMEM) * 0x4 => DMA32 or NORMAL * 0x5 => BAD (DMA+DMA32) * 0x6 => BAD (HIGHMEM+DMA32) * 0x7 => BAD (HIGHMEM+DMA32+DMA) * 0x8 => NORMAL (MOVABLE+0) * 0x9 => DMA or NORMAL (MOVABLE+DMA) * 0xa => MOVABLE (Movable is valid only if HIGHMEM is set too) * 0xb => BAD (MOVABLE+HIGHMEM+DMA) * 0xc => DMA32 or NORMAL (MOVABLE+DMA32) * 0xd => BAD (MOVABLE+DMA32+DMA) * 0xe => BAD (MOVABLE+DMA32+HIGHMEM) * 0xf => BAD (MOVABLE+DMA32+HIGHMEM+DMA) * * GFP_ZONES_SHIFT must be <= 2 on 32 bit platforms. */ #if defined(CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE) && (MAX_NR_ZONES-1) <= 4 /* ZONE_DEVICE is not a valid GFP zone specifier */ #define GFP_ZONES_SHIFT 2 #else #define GFP_ZONES_SHIFT ZONES_SHIFT #endif #if 16 * GFP_ZONES_SHIFT > BITS_PER_LONG #error GFP_ZONES_SHIFT too large to create GFP_ZONE_TABLE integer #endif #define GFP_ZONE_TABLE ( \ (ZONE_NORMAL << 0 * GFP_ZONES_SHIFT) \ | (OPT_ZONE_DMA << ___GFP_DMA * GFP_ZONES_SHIFT) \ | (OPT_ZONE_HIGHMEM << ___GFP_HIGHMEM * GFP_ZONES_SHIFT) \ | (OPT_ZONE_DMA32 << ___GFP_DMA32 * GFP_ZONES_SHIFT) \ | (ZONE_NORMAL << ___GFP_MOVABLE * GFP_ZONES_SHIFT) \ | (OPT_ZONE_DMA << (___GFP_MOVABLE | ___GFP_DMA) * GFP_ZONES_SHIFT) \ | (ZONE_MOVABLE << (___GFP_MOVABLE | ___GFP_HIGHMEM) * GFP_ZONES_SHIFT)\ | (OPT_ZONE_DMA32 << (___GFP_MOVABLE | ___GFP_DMA32) * GFP_ZONES_SHIFT)\ ) /* * GFP_ZONE_BAD is a bitmap for all combinations of __GFP_DMA, __GFP_DMA32 * __GFP_HIGHMEM and __GFP_MOVABLE that are not permitted. One flag per * entry starting with bit 0. Bit is set if the combination is not * allowed. */ #define GFP_ZONE_BAD ( \ 1 << (___GFP_DMA | ___GFP_HIGHMEM) \ | 1 << (___GFP_DMA | ___GFP_DMA32) \ | 1 << (___GFP_DMA32 | ___GFP_HIGHMEM) \ | 1 << (___GFP_DMA | ___GFP_DMA32 | ___GFP_HIGHMEM) \ | 1 << (___GFP_MOVABLE | ___GFP_HIGHMEM | ___GFP_DMA) \ | 1 << (___GFP_MOVABLE | ___GFP_DMA32 | ___GFP_DMA) \ | 1 << (___GFP_MOVABLE | ___GFP_DMA32 | ___GFP_HIGHMEM) \ | 1 << (___GFP_MOVABLE | ___GFP_DMA32 | ___GFP_DMA | ___GFP_HIGHMEM) \ ) static inline enum zone_type gfp_zone(gfp_t flags) { enum zone_type z; int bit = (__force int) (flags & GFP_ZONEMASK); z = (GFP_ZONE_TABLE >> (bit * GFP_ZONES_SHIFT)) & ((1 << GFP_ZONES_SHIFT) - 1); VM_BUG_ON((GFP_ZONE_BAD >> bit) & 1); return z; } /* * There is only one page-allocator function, and two main namespaces to * it. The alloc_page*() variants return 'struct page *' and as such * can allocate highmem pages, the *get*page*() variants return * virtual kernel addresses to the allocated page(s). */ static inline int gfp_zonelist(gfp_t flags) { #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA if (unlikely(flags & __GFP_THISNODE)) return ZONELIST_NOFALLBACK; #endif return ZONELIST_FALLBACK; } /* * We get the zone list from the current node and the gfp_mask. * This zone list contains a maximum of MAXNODES*MAX_NR_ZONES zones. * There are two zonelists per node, one for all zones with memory and * one containing just zones from the node the zonelist belongs to. * * For the normal case of non-DISCONTIGMEM systems the NODE_DATA() gets * optimized to &contig_page_data at compile-time. */ static inline struct zonelist *node_zonelist(int nid, gfp_t flags) { return NODE_DATA(nid)->node_zonelists + gfp_zonelist(flags); } #ifndef HAVE_ARCH_FREE_PAGE static inline void arch_free_page(struct page *page, int order) { } #endif #ifndef HAVE_ARCH_ALLOC_PAGE static inline void arch_alloc_page(struct page *page, int order) { } #endif #ifndef HAVE_ARCH_MAKE_PAGE_ACCESSIBLE static inline int arch_make_page_accessible(struct page *page) { return 0; } #endif struct page * __alloc_pages_nodemask(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order, int preferred_nid, nodemask_t *nodemask); static inline struct page * __alloc_pages(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order, int preferred_nid) { return __alloc_pages_nodemask(gfp_mask, order, preferred_nid, NULL); } /* * Allocate pages, preferring the node given as nid. The node must be valid and * online. For more general interface, see alloc_pages_node(). */ static inline struct page * __alloc_pages_node(int nid, gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order) { VM_BUG_ON(nid < 0 || nid >= MAX_NUMNODES); VM_WARN_ON((gfp_mask & __GFP_THISNODE) && !node_online(nid)); return __alloc_pages(gfp_mask, order, nid); } /* * Allocate pages, preferring the node given as nid. When nid == NUMA_NO_NODE, * prefer the current CPU's closest node. Otherwise node must be valid and * online. */ static inline struct page *alloc_pages_node(int nid, gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order) { if (nid == NUMA_NO_NODE) nid = numa_mem_id(); return __alloc_pages_node(nid, gfp_mask, order); } #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA extern struct page *alloc_pages_current(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned order); static inline struct page * alloc_pages(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order) { return alloc_pages_current(gfp_mask, order); } extern struct page *alloc_pages_vma(gfp_t gfp_mask, int order, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, int node, bool hugepage); #define alloc_hugepage_vma(gfp_mask, vma, addr, order) \ alloc_pages_vma(gfp_mask, order, vma, addr, numa_node_id(), true) #else static inline struct page *alloc_pages(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order) { return alloc_pages_node(numa_node_id(), gfp_mask, order); } #define alloc_pages_vma(gfp_mask, order, vma, addr, node, false)\ alloc_pages(gfp_mask, order) #define alloc_hugepage_vma(gfp_mask, vma, addr, order) \ alloc_pages(gfp_mask, order) #endif #define alloc_page(gfp_mask) alloc_pages(gfp_mask, 0) #define alloc_page_vma(gfp_mask, vma, addr) \ alloc_pages_vma(gfp_mask, 0, vma, addr, numa_node_id(), false) extern unsigned long __get_free_pages(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order); extern unsigned long get_zeroed_page(gfp_t gfp_mask); void *alloc_pages_exact(size_t size, gfp_t gfp_mask); void free_pages_exact(void *virt, size_t size); void * __meminit alloc_pages_exact_nid(int nid, size_t size, gfp_t gfp_mask); #define __get_free_page(gfp_mask) \ __get_free_pages((gfp_mask), 0) #define __get_dma_pages(gfp_mask, order) \ __get_free_pages((gfp_mask) | GFP_DMA, (order)) extern void __free_pages(struct page *page, unsigned int order); extern void free_pages(unsigned long addr, unsigned int order); extern void free_unref_page(struct page *page); extern void free_unref_page_list(struct list_head *list); struct page_frag_cache; extern void __page_frag_cache_drain(struct page *page, unsigned int count); extern void *page_frag_alloc(struct page_frag_cache *nc, unsigned int fragsz, gfp_t gfp_mask); extern void page_frag_free(void *addr); #define __free_page(page) __free_pages((page), 0) #define free_page(addr) free_pages((addr), 0) void page_alloc_init(void); void drain_zone_pages(struct zone *zone, struct per_cpu_pages *pcp); void drain_all_pages(struct zone *zone); void drain_local_pages(struct zone *zone); void page_alloc_init_late(void); /* * gfp_allowed_mask is set to GFP_BOOT_MASK during early boot to restrict what * GFP flags are used before interrupts are enabled. Once interrupts are * enabled, it is set to __GFP_BITS_MASK while the system is running. During * hibernation, it is used by PM to avoid I/O during memory allocation while * devices are suspended. */ extern gfp_t gfp_allowed_mask; /* Returns true if the gfp_mask allows use of ALLOC_NO_WATERMARK */ bool gfp_pfmemalloc_allowed(gfp_t gfp_mask); extern void pm_restrict_gfp_mask(void); extern void pm_restore_gfp_mask(void); #ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP extern bool pm_suspended_storage(void); #else static inline bool pm_suspended_storage(void) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_PM_SLEEP */ #ifdef CONFIG_CONTIG_ALLOC /* The below functions must be run on a range from a single zone. */ extern int alloc_contig_range(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, unsigned migratetype, gfp_t gfp_mask); extern struct page *alloc_contig_pages(unsigned long nr_pages, gfp_t gfp_mask, int nid, nodemask_t *nodemask); #endif void free_contig_range(unsigned long pfn, unsigned int nr_pages); #ifdef CONFIG_CMA /* CMA stuff */ extern void init_cma_reserved_pageblock(struct page *page); #endif #endif /* __LINUX_GFP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 #ifndef INTERNAL_IO_WQ_H #define INTERNAL_IO_WQ_H #include <linux/io_uring.h> struct io_wq; enum { IO_WQ_WORK_CANCEL = 1, IO_WQ_WORK_HASHED = 2, IO_WQ_WORK_UNBOUND = 4, IO_WQ_WORK_NO_CANCEL = 8, IO_WQ_WORK_CONCURRENT = 16, IO_WQ_WORK_FILES = 32, IO_WQ_WORK_FS = 64, IO_WQ_WORK_MM = 128, IO_WQ_WORK_CREDS = 256, IO_WQ_WORK_BLKCG = 512, IO_WQ_WORK_FSIZE = 1024, IO_WQ_HASH_SHIFT = 24, /* upper 8 bits are used for hash key */ }; enum io_wq_cancel { IO_WQ_CANCEL_OK, /* cancelled before started */ IO_WQ_CANCEL_RUNNING, /* found, running, and attempted cancelled */ IO_WQ_CANCEL_NOTFOUND, /* work not found */ }; struct io_wq_work_node { struct io_wq_work_node *next; }; struct io_wq_work_list { struct io_wq_work_node *first; struct io_wq_work_node *last; }; static inline void wq_list_add_after(struct io_wq_work_node *node, struct io_wq_work_node *pos, struct io_wq_work_list *list) { struct io_wq_work_node *next = pos->next; pos->next = node; node->next = next; if (!next) list->last = node; } static inline void wq_list_add_tail(struct io_wq_work_node *node, struct io_wq_work_list *list) { if (!list->first) { list->last = node; WRITE_ONCE(list->first, node); } else { list->last->next = node; list->last = node; } node->next = NULL; } static inline void wq_list_cut(struct io_wq_work_list *list, struct io_wq_work_node *last, struct io_wq_work_node *prev) { /* first in the list, if prev==NULL */ if (!prev) WRITE_ONCE(list->first, last->next); else prev->next = last->next; if (last == list->last) list->last = prev; last->next = NULL; } static inline void wq_list_del(struct io_wq_work_list *list, struct io_wq_work_node *node, struct io_wq_work_node *prev) { wq_list_cut(list, node, prev); } #define wq_list_for_each(pos, prv, head) \ for (pos = (head)->first, prv = NULL; pos; prv = pos, pos = (pos)->next) #define wq_list_empty(list) (READ_ONCE((list)->first) == NULL) #define INIT_WQ_LIST(list) do { \ (list)->first = NULL; \ (list)->last = NULL; \ } while (0) struct io_wq_work { struct io_wq_work_node list; struct io_identity *identity; unsigned flags; }; static inline struct io_wq_work *wq_next_work(struct io_wq_work *work) { if (!work->list.next) return NULL; return container_of(work->list.next, struct io_wq_work, list); } typedef void (free_work_fn)(struct io_wq_work *); typedef struct io_wq_work *(io_wq_work_fn)(struct io_wq_work *); struct io_wq_data { struct user_struct *user; io_wq_work_fn *do_work; free_work_fn *free_work; }; struct io_wq *io_wq_create(unsigned bounded, struct io_wq_data *data); bool io_wq_get(struct io_wq *wq, struct io_wq_data *data); void io_wq_destroy(struct io_wq *wq); void io_wq_enqueue(struct io_wq *wq, struct io_wq_work *work); void io_wq_hash_work(struct io_wq_work *work, void *val); static inline bool io_wq_is_hashed(struct io_wq_work *work) { return work->flags & IO_WQ_WORK_HASHED; } void io_wq_cancel_all(struct io_wq *wq); typedef bool (work_cancel_fn)(struct io_wq_work *, void *); enum io_wq_cancel io_wq_cancel_cb(struct io_wq *wq, work_cancel_fn *cancel, void *data, bool cancel_all); struct task_struct *io_wq_get_task(struct io_wq *wq); #if defined(CONFIG_IO_WQ) extern void io_wq_worker_sleeping(struct task_struct *); extern void io_wq_worker_running(struct task_struct *); #else static inline void io_wq_worker_sleeping(struct task_struct *tsk) { } static inline void io_wq_worker_running(struct task_struct *tsk) { } #endif static inline bool io_wq_current_is_worker(void) { return in_task() && (current->flags & PF_IO_WORKER); } #endif
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_UACCESS_H #define _ASM_X86_UACCESS_H /* * User space memory access functions */ #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/kasan-checks.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <asm/asm.h> #include <asm/page.h> #include <asm/smap.h> #include <asm/extable.h> /* * Test whether a block of memory is a valid user space address. * Returns 0 if the range is valid, nonzero otherwise. */ static inline bool __chk_range_not_ok(unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, unsigned long limit) { /* * If we have used "sizeof()" for the size, * we know it won't overflow the limit (but * it might overflow the 'addr', so it's * important to subtract the size from the * limit, not add it to the address). */ if (__builtin_constant_p(size)) return unlikely(addr > limit - size); /* Arbitrary sizes? Be careful about overflow */ addr += size; if (unlikely(addr < size)) return true; return unlikely(addr > limit); } #define __range_not_ok(addr, size, limit) \ ({ \ __chk_user_ptr(addr); \ __chk_range_not_ok((unsigned long __force)(addr), size, limit); \ }) #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP static inline bool pagefault_disabled(void); # define WARN_ON_IN_IRQ() \ WARN_ON_ONCE(!in_task() && !pagefault_disabled()) #else # define WARN_ON_IN_IRQ() #endif /** * access_ok - Checks if a user space pointer is valid * @addr: User space pointer to start of block to check * @size: Size of block to check * * Context: User context only. This function may sleep if pagefaults are * enabled. * * Checks if a pointer to a block of memory in user space is valid. * * Note that, depending on architecture, this function probably just * checks that the pointer is in the user space range - after calling * this function, memory access functions may still return -EFAULT. * * Return: true (nonzero) if the memory block may be valid, false (zero) * if it is definitely invalid. */ #define access_ok(addr, size) \ ({ \ WARN_ON_IN_IRQ(); \ likely(!__range_not_ok(addr, size, TASK_SIZE_MAX)); \ }) extern int __get_user_1(void); extern int __get_user_2(void); extern int __get_user_4(void); extern int __get_user_8(void); extern int __get_user_nocheck_1(void); extern int __get_user_nocheck_2(void); extern int __get_user_nocheck_4(void); extern int __get_user_nocheck_8(void); extern int __get_user_bad(void); #define __uaccess_begin() stac() #define __uaccess_end() clac() #define __uaccess_begin_nospec() \ ({ \ stac(); \ barrier_nospec(); \ }) /* * This is the smallest unsigned integer type that can fit a value * (up to 'long long') */ #define __inttype(x) __typeof__( \ __typefits(x,char, \ __typefits(x,short, \ __typefits(x,int, \ __typefits(x,long,0ULL))))) #define __typefits(x,type,not) \ __builtin_choose_expr(sizeof(x)<=sizeof(type),(unsigned type)0,not) /* * This is used for both get_user() and __get_user() to expand to * the proper special function call that has odd calling conventions * due to returning both a value and an error, and that depends on * the size of the pointer passed in. * * Careful: we have to cast the result to the type of the pointer * for sign reasons. * * The use of _ASM_DX as the register specifier is a bit of a * simplification, as gcc only cares about it as the starting point * and not size: for a 64-bit value it will use %ecx:%edx on 32 bits * (%ecx being the next register in gcc's x86 register sequence), and * %rdx on 64 bits. * * Clang/LLVM cares about the size of the register, but still wants * the base register for something that ends up being a pair. */ #define do_get_user_call(fn,x,ptr) \ ({ \ int __ret_gu; \ register __inttype(*(ptr)) __val_gu asm("%"_ASM_DX); \ __chk_user_ptr(ptr); \ asm volatile("call __" #fn "_%P4" \ : "=a" (__ret_gu), "=r" (__val_gu), \ ASM_CALL_CONSTRAINT \ : "0" (ptr), "i" (sizeof(*(ptr)))); \ (x) = (__force __typeof__(*(ptr))) __val_gu; \ __builtin_expect(__ret_gu, 0); \ }) /** * get_user - Get a simple variable from user space. * @x: Variable to store result. * @ptr: Source address, in user space. * * Context: User context only. This function may sleep if pagefaults are * enabled. * * This macro copies a single simple variable from user space to kernel * space. It supports simple types like char and int, but not larger * data types like structures or arrays. * * @ptr must have pointer-to-simple-variable type, and the result of * dereferencing @ptr must be assignable to @x without a cast. * * Return: zero on success, or -EFAULT on error. * On error, the variable @x is set to zero. */ #define get_user(x,ptr) ({ might_fault(); do_get_user_call(get_user,x,ptr); }) /** * __get_user - Get a simple variable from user space, with less checking. * @x: Variable to store result. * @ptr: Source address, in user space. * * Context: User context only. This function may sleep if pagefaults are * enabled. * * This macro copies a single simple variable from user space to kernel * space. It supports simple types like char and int, but not larger * data types like structures or arrays. * * @ptr must have pointer-to-simple-variable type, and the result of * dereferencing @ptr must be assignable to @x without a cast. * * Caller must check the pointer with access_ok() before calling this * function. * * Return: zero on success, or -EFAULT on error. * On error, the variable @x is set to zero. */ #define __get_user(x,ptr) do_get_user_call(get_user_nocheck,x,ptr) #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 #define __put_user_goto_u64(x, addr, label) \ asm_volatile_goto("\n" \ "1: movl %%eax,0(%1)\n" \ "2: movl %%edx,4(%1)\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, %l2) \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(2b, %l2) \ : : "A" (x), "r" (addr) \ : : label) #else #define __put_user_goto_u64(x, ptr, label) \ __put_user_goto(x, ptr, "q", "er", label) #endif extern void __put_user_bad(void); /* * Strange magic calling convention: pointer in %ecx, * value in %eax(:%edx), return value in %ecx. clobbers %rbx */ extern void __put_user_1(void); extern void __put_user_2(void); extern void __put_user_4(void); extern void __put_user_8(void); extern void __put_user_nocheck_1(void); extern void __put_user_nocheck_2(void); extern void __put_user_nocheck_4(void); extern void __put_user_nocheck_8(void); /* * ptr must be evaluated and assigned to the temporary __ptr_pu before * the assignment of x to __val_pu, to avoid any function calls * involved in the ptr expression (possibly implicitly generated due * to KASAN) from clobbering %ax. */ #define do_put_user_call(fn,x,ptr) \ ({ \ int __ret_pu; \ void __user *__ptr_pu; \ register __typeof__(*(ptr)) __val_pu asm("%"_ASM_AX); \ __chk_user_ptr(ptr); \ __ptr_pu = (ptr); \ __val_pu = (x); \ asm volatile("call __" #fn "_%P[size]" \ : "=c" (__ret_pu), \ ASM_CALL_CONSTRAINT \ : "0" (__ptr_pu), \ "r" (__val_pu), \ [size] "i" (sizeof(*(ptr))) \ :"ebx"); \ __builtin_expect(__ret_pu, 0); \ }) /** * put_user - Write a simple value into user space. * @x: Value to copy to user space. * @ptr: Destination address, in user space. * * Context: User context only. This function may sleep if pagefaults are * enabled. * * This macro copies a single simple value from kernel space to user * space. It supports simple types like char and int, but not larger * data types like structures or arrays. * * @ptr must have pointer-to-simple-variable type, and @x must be assignable * to the result of dereferencing @ptr. * * Return: zero on success, or -EFAULT on error. */ #define put_user(x, ptr) ({ might_fault(); do_put_user_call(put_user,x,ptr); }) /** * __put_user - Write a simple value into user space, with less checking. * @x: Value to copy to user space. * @ptr: Destination address, in user space. * * Context: User context only. This function may sleep if pagefaults are * enabled. * * This macro copies a single simple value from kernel space to user * space. It supports simple types like char and int, but not larger * data types like structures or arrays. * * @ptr must have pointer-to-simple-variable type, and @x must be assignable * to the result of dereferencing @ptr. * * Caller must check the pointer with access_ok() before calling this * function. * * Return: zero on success, or -EFAULT on error. */ #define __put_user(x, ptr) do_put_user_call(put_user_nocheck,x,ptr) #define __put_user_size(x, ptr, size, label) \ do { \ __chk_user_ptr(ptr); \ switch (size) { \ case 1: \ __put_user_goto(x, ptr, "b", "iq", label); \ break; \ case 2: \ __put_user_goto(x, ptr, "w", "ir", label); \ break; \ case 4: \ __put_user_goto(x, ptr, "l", "ir", label); \ break; \ case 8: \ __put_user_goto_u64(x, ptr, label); \ break; \ default: \ __put_user_bad(); \ } \ } while (0) #ifdef CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 #define __get_user_asm_u64(x, ptr, label) do { \ unsigned int __gu_low, __gu_high; \ const unsigned int __user *__gu_ptr; \ __gu_ptr = (const void __user *)(ptr); \ __get_user_asm(__gu_low, __gu_ptr, "l", "=r", label); \ __get_user_asm(__gu_high, __gu_ptr+1, "l", "=r", label); \ (x) = ((unsigned long long)__gu_high << 32) | __gu_low; \ } while (0) #else #define __get_user_asm_u64(x, ptr, label) \ __get_user_asm(x, ptr, "q", "=r", label) #endif #define __get_user_size(x, ptr, size, label) \ do { \ __chk_user_ptr(ptr); \ switch (size) { \ unsigned char x_u8__; \ case 1: \ __get_user_asm(x_u8__, ptr, "b", "=q", label); \ (x) = x_u8__; \ break; \ case 2: \ __get_user_asm(x, ptr, "w", "=r", label); \ break; \ case 4: \ __get_user_asm(x, ptr, "l", "=r", label); \ break; \ case 8: \ __get_user_asm_u64(x, ptr, label); \ break; \ default: \ (x) = __get_user_bad(); \ } \ } while (0) #define __get_user_asm(x, addr, itype, ltype, label) \ asm_volatile_goto("\n" \ "1: mov"itype" %[umem],%[output]\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, %l2) \ : [output] ltype(x) \ : [umem] "m" (__m(addr)) \ : : label) #else // !CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 #define __get_user_asm_u64(x, ptr, retval) \ ({ \ __typeof__(ptr) __ptr = (ptr); \ asm volatile("\n" \ "1: movl %[lowbits],%%eax\n" \ "2: movl %[highbits],%%edx\n" \ "3:\n" \ ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \ "4: mov %[efault],%[errout]\n" \ " xorl %%eax,%%eax\n" \ " xorl %%edx,%%edx\n" \ " jmp 3b\n" \ ".previous\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 4b) \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(2b, 4b) \ : [errout] "=r" (retval), \ [output] "=&A"(x) \ : [lowbits] "m" (__m(__ptr)), \ [highbits] "m" __m(((u32 __user *)(__ptr)) + 1), \ [efault] "i" (-EFAULT), "0" (retval)); \ }) #else #define __get_user_asm_u64(x, ptr, retval) \ __get_user_asm(x, ptr, retval, "q", "=r") #endif #define __get_user_size(x, ptr, size, retval) \ do { \ unsigned char x_u8__; \ \ retval = 0; \ __chk_user_ptr(ptr); \ switch (size) { \ case 1: \ __get_user_asm(x_u8__, ptr, retval, "b", "=q"); \ (x) = x_u8__; \ break; \ case 2: \ __get_user_asm(x, ptr, retval, "w", "=r"); \ break; \ case 4: \ __get_user_asm(x, ptr, retval, "l", "=r"); \ break; \ case 8: \ __get_user_asm_u64(x, ptr, retval); \ break; \ default: \ (x) = __get_user_bad(); \ } \ } while (0) #define __get_user_asm(x, addr, err, itype, ltype) \ asm volatile("\n" \ "1: mov"itype" %[umem],%[output]\n" \ "2:\n" \ ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \ "3: mov %[efault],%[errout]\n" \ " xorl %k[output],%k[output]\n" \ " jmp 2b\n" \ ".previous\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 3b) \ : [errout] "=r" (err), \ [output] ltype(x) \ : [umem] "m" (__m(addr)), \ [efault] "i" (-EFAULT), "0" (err)) #endif // CONFIG_CC_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT /* FIXME: this hack is definitely wrong -AK */ struct __large_struct { unsigned long buf[100]; }; #define __m(x) (*(struct __large_struct __user *)(x)) /* * Tell gcc we read from memory instead of writing: this is because * we do not write to any memory gcc knows about, so there are no * aliasing issues. */ #define __put_user_goto(x, addr, itype, ltype, label) \ asm_volatile_goto("\n" \ "1: mov"itype" %0,%1\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, %l2) \ : : ltype(x), "m" (__m(addr)) \ : : label) extern unsigned long copy_from_user_nmi(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n); extern __must_check long strncpy_from_user(char *dst, const char __user *src, long count); extern __must_check long strnlen_user(const char __user *str, long n); unsigned long __must_check clear_user(void __user *mem, unsigned long len); unsigned long __must_check __clear_user(void __user *mem, unsigned long len); #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_COPY_MC unsigned long __must_check copy_mc_to_kernel(void *to, const void *from, unsigned len); #define copy_mc_to_kernel copy_mc_to_kernel unsigned long __must_check copy_mc_to_user(void *to, const void *from, unsigned len); #endif /* * movsl can be slow when source and dest are not both 8-byte aligned */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_USERCOPY extern struct movsl_mask { int mask; } ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp movsl_mask; #endif #define ARCH_HAS_NOCACHE_UACCESS 1 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 # include <asm/uaccess_32.h> #else # include <asm/uaccess_64.h> #endif /* * The "unsafe" user accesses aren't really "unsafe", but the naming * is a big fat warning: you have to not only do the access_ok() * checking before using them, but you have to surround them with the * user_access_begin/end() pair. */ static __must_check __always_inline bool user_access_begin(const void __user *ptr, size_t len) { if (unlikely(!access_ok(ptr,len))) return 0; __uaccess_begin_nospec(); return 1; } #define user_access_begin(a,b) user_access_begin(a,b) #define user_access_end() __uaccess_end() #define user_access_save() smap_save() #define user_access_restore(x) smap_restore(x) #define unsafe_put_user(x, ptr, label) \ __put_user_size((__typeof__(*(ptr)))(x), (ptr), sizeof(*(ptr)), label) #ifdef CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT #define unsafe_get_user(x, ptr, err_label) \ do { \ __inttype(*(ptr)) __gu_val; \ __get_user_size(__gu_val, (ptr), sizeof(*(ptr)), err_label); \ (x) = (__force __typeof__(*(ptr)))__gu_val; \ } while (0) #else // !CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT #define unsafe_get_user(x, ptr, err_label) \ do { \ int __gu_err; \ __inttype(*(ptr)) __gu_val; \ __get_user_size(__gu_val, (ptr), sizeof(*(ptr)), __gu_err); \ (x) = (__force __typeof__(*(ptr)))__gu_val; \ if (unlikely(__gu_err)) goto err_label; \ } while (0) #endif // CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT /* * We want the unsafe accessors to always be inlined and use * the error labels - thus the macro games. */ #define unsafe_copy_loop(dst, src, len, type, label) \ while (len >= sizeof(type)) { \ unsafe_put_user(*(type *)(src),(type __user *)(dst),label); \ dst += sizeof(type); \ src += sizeof(type); \ len -= sizeof(type); \ } #define unsafe_copy_to_user(_dst,_src,_len,label) \ do { \ char __user *__ucu_dst = (_dst); \ const char *__ucu_src = (_src); \ size_t __ucu_len = (_len); \ unsafe_copy_loop(__ucu_dst, __ucu_src, __ucu_len, u64, label); \ unsafe_copy_loop(__ucu_dst, __ucu_src, __ucu_len, u32, label); \ unsafe_copy_loop(__ucu_dst, __ucu_src, __ucu_len, u16, label); \ unsafe_copy_loop(__ucu_dst, __ucu_src, __ucu_len, u8, label); \ } while (0) #define HAVE_GET_KERNEL_NOFAULT #ifdef CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT #define __get_kernel_nofault(dst, src, type, err_label) \ __get_user_size(*((type *)(dst)), (__force type __user *)(src), \ sizeof(type), err_label) #else // !CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT #define __get_kernel_nofault(dst, src, type, err_label) \ do { \ int __kr_err; \ \ __get_user_size(*((type *)(dst)), (__force type __user *)(src), \ sizeof(type), __kr_err); \ if (unlikely(__kr_err)) \ goto err_label; \ } while (0) #endif // CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT #define __put_kernel_nofault(dst, src, type, err_label) \ __put_user_size(*((type *)(src)), (__force type __user *)(dst), \ sizeof(type), err_label) #endif /* _ASM_X86_UACCESS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* Red Black Trees (C) 1999 Andrea Arcangeli <andrea@suse.de> linux/include/linux/rbtree.h To use rbtrees you'll have to implement your own insert and search cores. This will avoid us to use callbacks and to drop drammatically performances. I know it's not the cleaner way, but in C (not in C++) to get performances and genericity... See Documentation/core-api/rbtree.rst for documentation and samples. */ #ifndef _LINUX_RBTREE_H #define _LINUX_RBTREE_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> struct rb_node { unsigned long __rb_parent_color; struct rb_node *rb_right; struct rb_node *rb_left; } __attribute__((aligned(sizeof(long)))); /* The alignment might seem pointless, but allegedly CRIS needs it */ struct rb_root { struct rb_node *rb_node; }; #define rb_parent(r) ((struct rb_node *)((r)->__rb_parent_color & ~3)) #define RB_ROOT (struct rb_root) { NULL, } #define rb_entry(ptr, type, member) container_of(ptr, type, member) #define RB_EMPTY_ROOT(root) (READ_ONCE((root)->rb_node) == NULL) /* 'empty' nodes are nodes that are known not to be inserted in an rbtree */ #define RB_EMPTY_NODE(node) \ ((node)->__rb_parent_color == (unsigned long)(node)) #define RB_CLEAR_NODE(node) \ ((node)->__rb_parent_color = (unsigned long)(node)) extern void rb_insert_color(struct rb_node *, struct rb_root *); extern void rb_erase(struct rb_node *, struct rb_root *); /* Find logical next and previous nodes in a tree */ extern struct rb_node *rb_next(const struct rb_node *); extern struct rb_node *rb_prev(const struct rb_node *); extern struct rb_node *rb_first(const struct rb_root *); extern struct rb_node *rb_last(const struct rb_root *); /* Postorder iteration - always visit the parent after its children */ extern struct rb_node *rb_first_postorder(const struct rb_root *); extern struct rb_node *rb_next_postorder(const struct rb_node *); /* Fast replacement of a single node without remove/rebalance/add/rebalance */ extern void rb_replace_node(struct rb_node *victim, struct rb_node *new, struct rb_root *root); extern void rb_replace_node_rcu(struct rb_node *victim, struct rb_node *new, struct rb_root *root); static inline void rb_link_node(struct rb_node *node, struct rb_node *parent, struct rb_node **rb_link) { node->__rb_parent_color = (unsigned long)parent; node->rb_left = node->rb_right = NULL; *rb_link = node; } static inline void rb_link_node_rcu(struct rb_node *node, struct rb_node *parent, struct rb_node **rb_link) { node->__rb_parent_color = (unsigned long)parent; node->rb_left = node->rb_right = NULL; rcu_assign_pointer(*rb_link, node); } #define rb_entry_safe(ptr, type, member) \ ({ typeof(ptr) ____ptr = (ptr); \ ____ptr ? rb_entry(____ptr, type, member) : NULL; \ }) /** * rbtree_postorder_for_each_entry_safe - iterate in post-order over rb_root of * given type allowing the backing memory of @pos to be invalidated * * @pos: the 'type *' to use as a loop cursor. * @n: another 'type *' to use as temporary storage * @root: 'rb_root *' of the rbtree. * @field: the name of the rb_node field within 'type'. * * rbtree_postorder_for_each_entry_safe() provides a similar guarantee as * list_for_each_entry_safe() and allows the iteration to continue independent * of changes to @pos by the body of the loop. * * Note, however, that it cannot handle other modifications that re-order the * rbtree it is iterating over. This includes calling rb_erase() on @pos, as * rb_erase() may rebalance the tree, causing us to miss some nodes. */ #define rbtree_postorder_for_each_entry_safe(pos, n, root, field) \ for (pos = rb_entry_safe(rb_first_postorder(root), typeof(*pos), field); \ pos && ({ n = rb_entry_safe(rb_next_postorder(&pos->field), \ typeof(*pos), field); 1; }); \ pos = n) /* * Leftmost-cached rbtrees. * * We do not cache the rightmost node based on footprint * size vs number of potential users that could benefit * from O(1) rb_last(). Just not worth it, users that want * this feature can always implement the logic explicitly. * Furthermore, users that want to cache both pointers may * find it a bit asymmetric, but that's ok. */ struct rb_root_cached { struct rb_root rb_root; struct rb_node *rb_leftmost; }; #define RB_ROOT_CACHED (struct rb_root_cached) { {NULL, }, NULL } /* Same as rb_first(), but O(1) */ #define rb_first_cached(root) (root)->rb_leftmost static inline void rb_insert_color_cached(struct rb_node *node, struct rb_root_cached *root, bool leftmost) { if (leftmost) root->rb_leftmost = node; rb_insert_color(node, &root->rb_root); } static inline void rb_erase_cached(struct rb_node *node, struct rb_root_cached *root) { if (root->rb_leftmost == node) root->rb_leftmost = rb_next(node); rb_erase(node, &root->rb_root); } static inline void rb_replace_node_cached(struct rb_node *victim, struct rb_node *new, struct rb_root_cached *root) { if (root->rb_leftmost == victim) root->rb_leftmost = new; rb_replace_node(victim, new, &root->rb_root); } #endif /* _LINUX_RBTREE_H */
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _FIB_LOOKUP_H #define _FIB_LOOKUP_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <net/ip_fib.h> #include <net/nexthop.h> struct fib_alias { struct hlist_node fa_list; struct fib_info *fa_info; u8 fa_tos; u8 fa_type; u8 fa_state; u8 fa_slen; u32 tb_id; s16 fa_default; u8 offload:1, trap:1, unused:6; struct rcu_head rcu; }; #define FA_S_ACCESSED 0x01 /* Dont write on fa_state unless needed, to keep it shared on all cpus */ static inline void fib_alias_accessed(struct fib_alias *fa) { if (!(fa->fa_state & FA_S_ACCESSED)) fa->fa_state |= FA_S_ACCESSED; } /* Exported by fib_semantics.c */ void fib_release_info(struct fib_info *); struct fib_info *fib_create_info(struct fib_config *cfg, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int fib_nh_match(struct net *net, struct fib_config *cfg, struct fib_info *fi, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); bool fib_metrics_match(struct fib_config *cfg, struct fib_info *fi); int fib_dump_info(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 pid, u32 seq, int event, struct fib_rt_info *fri, unsigned int flags); void rtmsg_fib(int event, __be32 key, struct fib_alias *fa, int dst_len, u32 tb_id, const struct nl_info *info, unsigned int nlm_flags); static inline void fib_result_assign(struct fib_result *res, struct fib_info *fi) { /* we used to play games with refcounts, but we now use RCU */ res->fi = fi; res->nhc = fib_info_nhc(fi, 0); } struct fib_prop { int error; u8 scope; }; extern const struct fib_prop fib_props[RTN_MAX + 1]; #endif /* _FIB_LOOKUP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM rpm #if !defined(_TRACE_RUNTIME_POWER_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_RUNTIME_POWER_H #include <linux/ktime.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> struct device; /* * The rpm_internal events are used for tracing some important * runtime pm internal functions. */ DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(rpm_internal, TP_PROTO(struct device *dev, int flags), TP_ARGS(dev, flags), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( name, dev_name(dev) ) __field( int, flags ) __field( int , usage_count ) __field( int , disable_depth ) __field( int , runtime_auto ) __field( int , request_pending ) __field( int , irq_safe ) __field( int , child_count ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(name, dev_name(dev)); __entry->flags = flags; __entry->usage_count = atomic_read( &dev->power.usage_count); __entry->disable_depth = dev->power.disable_depth; __entry->runtime_auto = dev->power.runtime_auto; __entry->request_pending = dev->power.request_pending; __entry->irq_safe = dev->power.irq_safe; __entry->child_count = atomic_read( &dev->power.child_count); ), TP_printk("%s flags-%x cnt-%-2d dep-%-2d auto-%-1d p-%-1d" " irq-%-1d child-%d", __get_str(name), __entry->flags, __entry->usage_count, __entry->disable_depth, __entry->runtime_auto, __entry->request_pending, __entry->irq_safe, __entry->child_count ) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rpm_internal, rpm_suspend, TP_PROTO(struct device *dev, int flags), TP_ARGS(dev, flags) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rpm_internal, rpm_resume, TP_PROTO(struct device *dev, int flags), TP_ARGS(dev, flags) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rpm_internal, rpm_idle, TP_PROTO(struct device *dev, int flags), TP_ARGS(dev, flags) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rpm_internal, rpm_usage, TP_PROTO(struct device *dev, int flags), TP_ARGS(dev, flags) ); TRACE_EVENT(rpm_return_int, TP_PROTO(struct device *dev, unsigned long ip, int ret), TP_ARGS(dev, ip, ret), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( name, dev_name(dev)) __field( unsigned long, ip ) __field( int, ret ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(name, dev_name(dev)); __entry->ip = ip; __entry->ret = ret; ), TP_printk("%pS:%s ret=%d", (void *)__entry->ip, __get_str(name), __entry->ret) ); #endif /* _TRACE_RUNTIME_POWER_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _NF_CONNTRACK_EXTEND_H #define _NF_CONNTRACK_EXTEND_H #include <linux/slab.h> #include <net/netfilter/nf_conntrack.h> enum nf_ct_ext_id { NF_CT_EXT_HELPER, #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_NAT) NF_CT_EXT_NAT, #endif NF_CT_EXT_SEQADJ, NF_CT_EXT_ACCT, #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_EVENTS NF_CT_EXT_ECACHE, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_TIMESTAMP NF_CT_EXT_TSTAMP, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_TIMEOUT NF_CT_EXT_TIMEOUT, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_LABELS NF_CT_EXT_LABELS, #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NETFILTER_SYNPROXY) NF_CT_EXT_SYNPROXY, #endif NF_CT_EXT_NUM, }; #define NF_CT_EXT_HELPER_TYPE struct nf_conn_help #define NF_CT_EXT_NAT_TYPE struct nf_conn_nat #define NF_CT_EXT_SEQADJ_TYPE struct nf_conn_seqadj #define NF_CT_EXT_ACCT_TYPE struct nf_conn_acct #define NF_CT_EXT_ECACHE_TYPE struct nf_conntrack_ecache #define NF_CT_EXT_TSTAMP_TYPE struct nf_conn_tstamp #define NF_CT_EXT_TIMEOUT_TYPE struct nf_conn_timeout #define NF_CT_EXT_LABELS_TYPE struct nf_conn_labels #define NF_CT_EXT_SYNPROXY_TYPE struct nf_conn_synproxy /* Extensions: optional stuff which isn't permanently in struct. */ struct nf_ct_ext { u8 offset[NF_CT_EXT_NUM]; u8 len; char data[]; }; static inline bool __nf_ct_ext_exist(const struct nf_ct_ext *ext, u8 id) { return !!ext->offset[id]; } static inline bool nf_ct_ext_exist(const struct nf_conn *ct, u8 id) { return (ct->ext && __nf_ct_ext_exist(ct->ext, id)); } static inline void *__nf_ct_ext_find(const struct nf_conn *ct, u8 id) { if (!nf_ct_ext_exist(ct, id)) return NULL; return (void *)ct->ext + ct->ext->offset[id]; } #define nf_ct_ext_find(ext, id) \ ((id##_TYPE *)__nf_ct_ext_find((ext), (id))) /* Destroy all relationships */ void nf_ct_ext_destroy(struct nf_conn *ct); /* Add this type, returns pointer to data or NULL. */ void *nf_ct_ext_add(struct nf_conn *ct, enum nf_ct_ext_id id, gfp_t gfp); struct nf_ct_ext_type { /* Destroys relationships (can be NULL). */ void (*destroy)(struct nf_conn *ct); enum nf_ct_ext_id id; /* Length and min alignment. */ u8 len; u8 align; }; int nf_ct_extend_register(const struct nf_ct_ext_type *type); void nf_ct_extend_unregister(const struct nf_ct_ext_type *type); #endif /* _NF_CONNTRACK_EXTEND_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * kobject.h - generic kernel object infrastructure. * * Copyright (c) 2002-2003 Patrick Mochel * Copyright (c) 2002-2003 Open Source Development Labs * Copyright (c) 2006-2008 Greg Kroah-Hartman <greg@kroah.com> * Copyright (c) 2006-2008 Novell Inc. * * Please read Documentation/core-api/kobject.rst before using the kobject * interface, ESPECIALLY the parts about reference counts and object * destructors. */ #ifndef _KOBJECT_H_ #define _KOBJECT_H_ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/sysfs.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/kref.h> #include <linux/kobject_ns.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> #define UEVENT_HELPER_PATH_LEN 256 #define UEVENT_NUM_ENVP 64 /* number of env pointers */ #define UEVENT_BUFFER_SIZE 2048 /* buffer for the variables */ #ifdef CONFIG_UEVENT_HELPER /* path to the userspace helper executed on an event */ extern char uevent_helper[]; #endif /* counter to tag the uevent, read only except for the kobject core */ extern u64 uevent_seqnum; /* * The actions here must match the index to the string array * in lib/kobject_uevent.c * * Do not add new actions here without checking with the driver-core * maintainers. Action strings are not meant to express subsystem * or device specific properties. In most cases you want to send a * kobject_uevent_env(kobj, KOBJ_CHANGE, env) with additional event * specific variables added to the event environment. */ enum kobject_action { KOBJ_ADD, KOBJ_REMOVE, KOBJ_CHANGE, KOBJ_MOVE, KOBJ_ONLINE, KOBJ_OFFLINE, KOBJ_BIND, KOBJ_UNBIND, }; struct kobject { const char *name; struct list_head entry; struct kobject *parent; struct kset *kset; struct kobj_type *ktype; struct kernfs_node *sd; /* sysfs directory entry */ struct kref kref; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_KOBJECT_RELEASE struct delayed_work release; #endif unsigned int state_initialized:1; unsigned int state_in_sysfs:1; unsigned int state_add_uevent_sent:1; unsigned int state_remove_uevent_sent:1; unsigned int uevent_suppress:1; }; extern __printf(2, 3) int kobject_set_name(struct kobject *kobj, const char *name, ...); extern __printf(2, 0) int kobject_set_name_vargs(struct kobject *kobj, const char *fmt, va_list vargs); static inline const char *kobject_name(const struct kobject *kobj) { return kobj->name; } extern void kobject_init(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_type *ktype); extern __printf(3, 4) __must_check int kobject_add(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobject *parent, const char *fmt, ...); extern __printf(4, 5) __must_check int kobject_init_and_add(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_type *ktype, struct kobject *parent, const char *fmt, ...); extern void kobject_del(struct kobject *kobj); extern struct kobject * __must_check kobject_create(void); extern struct kobject * __must_check kobject_create_and_add(const char *name, struct kobject *parent); extern int __must_check kobject_rename(struct kobject *, const char *new_name); extern int __must_check kobject_move(struct kobject *, struct kobject *); extern struct kobject *kobject_get(struct kobject *kobj); extern struct kobject * __must_check kobject_get_unless_zero( struct kobject *kobj); extern void kobject_put(struct kobject *kobj); extern const void *kobject_namespace(struct kobject *kobj); extern void kobject_get_ownership(struct kobject *kobj, kuid_t *uid, kgid_t *gid); extern char *kobject_get_path(struct kobject *kobj, gfp_t flag); /** * kobject_has_children - Returns whether a kobject has children. * @kobj: the object to test * * This will return whether a kobject has other kobjects as children. * * It does NOT account for the presence of attribute files, only sub * directories. It also assumes there is no concurrent addition or * removal of such children, and thus relies on external locking. */ static inline bool kobject_has_children(struct kobject *kobj) { WARN_ON_ONCE(kref_read(&kobj->kref) == 0); return kobj->sd && kobj->sd->dir.subdirs; } struct kobj_type { void (*release)(struct kobject *kobj); const struct sysfs_ops *sysfs_ops; struct attribute **default_attrs; /* use default_groups instead */ const struct attribute_group **default_groups; const struct kobj_ns_type_operations *(*child_ns_type)(struct kobject *kobj); const void *(*namespace)(struct kobject *kobj); void (*get_ownership)(struct kobject *kobj, kuid_t *uid, kgid_t *gid); }; struct kobj_uevent_env { char *argv[3]; char *envp[UEVENT_NUM_ENVP]; int envp_idx; char buf[UEVENT_BUFFER_SIZE]; int buflen; }; struct kset_uevent_ops { int (* const filter)(struct kset *kset, struct kobject *kobj); const char *(* const name)(struct kset *kset, struct kobject *kobj); int (* const uevent)(struct kset *kset, struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_uevent_env *env); }; struct kobj_attribute { struct attribute attr; ssize_t (*show)(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t (*store)(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count); }; extern const struct sysfs_ops kobj_sysfs_ops; struct sock; /** * struct kset - a set of kobjects of a specific type, belonging to a specific subsystem. * * A kset defines a group of kobjects. They can be individually * different "types" but overall these kobjects all want to be grouped * together and operated on in the same manner. ksets are used to * define the attribute callbacks and other common events that happen to * a kobject. * * @list: the list of all kobjects for this kset * @list_lock: a lock for iterating over the kobjects * @kobj: the embedded kobject for this kset (recursion, isn't it fun...) * @uevent_ops: the set of uevent operations for this kset. These are * called whenever a kobject has something happen to it so that the kset * can add new environment variables, or filter out the uevents if so * desired. */ struct kset { struct list_head list; spinlock_t list_lock; struct kobject kobj; const struct kset_uevent_ops *uevent_ops; } __randomize_layout; extern void kset_init(struct kset *kset); extern int __must_check kset_register(struct kset *kset); extern void kset_unregister(struct kset *kset); extern struct kset * __must_check kset_create_and_add(const char *name, const struct kset_uevent_ops *u, struct kobject *parent_kobj); static inline struct kset *to_kset(struct kobject *kobj) { return kobj ? container_of(kobj, struct kset, kobj) : NULL; } static inline struct kset *kset_get(struct kset *k) { return k ? to_kset(kobject_get(&k->kobj)) : NULL; } static inline void kset_put(struct kset *k) { kobject_put(&k->kobj); } static inline struct kobj_type *get_ktype(struct kobject *kobj) { return kobj->ktype; } extern struct kobject *kset_find_obj(struct kset *, const char *); /* The global /sys/kernel/ kobject for people to chain off of */ extern struct kobject *kernel_kobj; /* The global /sys/kernel/mm/ kobject for people to chain off of */ extern struct kobject *mm_kobj; /* The global /sys/hypervisor/ kobject for people to chain off of */ extern struct kobject *hypervisor_kobj; /* The global /sys/power/ kobject for people to chain off of */ extern struct kobject *power_kobj; /* The global /sys/firmware/ kobject for people to chain off of */ extern struct kobject *firmware_kobj; int kobject_uevent(struct kobject *kobj, enum kobject_action action); int kobject_uevent_env(struct kobject *kobj, enum kobject_action action, char *envp[]); int kobject_synth_uevent(struct kobject *kobj, const char *buf, size_t count); __printf(2, 3) int add_uevent_var(struct kobj_uevent_env *env, const char *format, ...); #endif /* _KOBJECT_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 #ifndef _LINUX_GENERIC_RADIX_TREE_H #define _LINUX_GENERIC_RADIX_TREE_H /** * DOC: Generic radix trees/sparse arrays * * Very simple and minimalistic, supporting arbitrary size entries up to * PAGE_SIZE. * * A genradix is defined with the type it will store, like so: * * static GENRADIX(struct foo) foo_genradix; * * The main operations are: * * - genradix_init(radix) - initialize an empty genradix * * - genradix_free(radix) - free all memory owned by the genradix and * reinitialize it * * - genradix_ptr(radix, idx) - gets a pointer to the entry at idx, returning * NULL if that entry does not exist * * - genradix_ptr_alloc(radix, idx, gfp) - gets a pointer to an entry, * allocating it if necessary * * - genradix_for_each(radix, iter, p) - iterate over each entry in a genradix * * The radix tree allocates one page of entries at a time, so entries may exist * that were never explicitly allocated - they will be initialized to all * zeroes. * * Internally, a genradix is just a radix tree of pages, and indexing works in * terms of byte offsets. The wrappers in this header file use sizeof on the * type the radix contains to calculate a byte offset from the index - see * __idx_to_offset. */ #include <asm/page.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/log2.h> struct genradix_root; struct __genradix { struct genradix_root *root; }; /* * NOTE: currently, sizeof(_type) must not be larger than PAGE_SIZE: */ #define __GENRADIX_INITIALIZER \ { \ .tree = { \ .root = NULL, \ } \ } /* * We use a 0 size array to stash the type we're storing without taking any * space at runtime - then the various accessor macros can use typeof() to get * to it for casts/sizeof - we also force the alignment so that storing a type * with a ridiculous alignment doesn't blow up the alignment or size of the * genradix. */ #define GENRADIX(_type) \ struct { \ struct __genradix tree; \ _type type[0] __aligned(1); \ } #define DEFINE_GENRADIX(_name, _type) \ GENRADIX(_type) _name = __GENRADIX_INITIALIZER /** * genradix_init - initialize a genradix * @_radix: genradix to initialize * * Does not fail */ #define genradix_init(_radix) \ do { \ *(_radix) = (typeof(*_radix)) __GENRADIX_INITIALIZER; \ } while (0) void __genradix_free(struct __genradix *); /** * genradix_free: free all memory owned by a genradix * @_radix: the genradix to free * * After freeing, @_radix will be reinitialized and empty */ #define genradix_free(_radix) __genradix_free(&(_radix)->tree) static inline size_t __idx_to_offset(size_t idx, size_t obj_size) { if (__builtin_constant_p(obj_size)) BUILD_BUG_ON(obj_size > PAGE_SIZE); else BUG_ON(obj_size > PAGE_SIZE); if (!is_power_of_2(obj_size)) { size_t objs_per_page = PAGE_SIZE / obj_size; return (idx / objs_per_page) * PAGE_SIZE + (idx % objs_per_page) * obj_size; } else { return idx * obj_size; } } #define __genradix_cast(_radix) (typeof((_radix)->type[0]) *) #define __genradix_obj_size(_radix) sizeof((_radix)->type[0]) #define __genradix_idx_to_offset(_radix, _idx) \ __idx_to_offset(_idx, __genradix_obj_size(_radix)) void *__genradix_ptr(struct __genradix *, size_t); /** * genradix_ptr - get a pointer to a genradix entry * @_radix: genradix to access * @_idx: index to fetch * * Returns a pointer to entry at @_idx, or NULL if that entry does not exist. */ #define genradix_ptr(_radix, _idx) \ (__genradix_cast(_radix) \ __genradix_ptr(&(_radix)->tree, \ __genradix_idx_to_offset(_radix, _idx))) void *__genradix_ptr_alloc(struct __genradix *, size_t, gfp_t); /** * genradix_ptr_alloc - get a pointer to a genradix entry, allocating it * if necessary * @_radix: genradix to access * @_idx: index to fetch * @_gfp: gfp mask * * Returns a pointer to entry at @_idx, or NULL on allocation failure */ #define genradix_ptr_alloc(_radix, _idx, _gfp) \ (__genradix_cast(_radix) \ __genradix_ptr_alloc(&(_radix)->tree, \ __genradix_idx_to_offset(_radix, _idx), \ _gfp)) struct genradix_iter { size_t offset; size_t pos; }; /** * genradix_iter_init - initialize a genradix_iter * @_radix: genradix that will be iterated over * @_idx: index to start iterating from */ #define genradix_iter_init(_radix, _idx) \ ((struct genradix_iter) { \ .pos = (_idx), \ .offset = __genradix_idx_to_offset((_radix), (_idx)),\ }) void *__genradix_iter_peek(struct genradix_iter *, struct __genradix *, size_t); /** * genradix_iter_peek - get first entry at or above iterator's current * position * @_iter: a genradix_iter * @_radix: genradix being iterated over * * If no more entries exist at or above @_iter's current position, returns NULL */ #define genradix_iter_peek(_iter, _radix) \ (__genradix_cast(_radix) \ __genradix_iter_peek(_iter, &(_radix)->tree, \ PAGE_SIZE / __genradix_obj_size(_radix))) static inline void __genradix_iter_advance(struct genradix_iter *iter, size_t obj_size) { iter->offset += obj_size; if (!is_power_of_2(obj_size) && (iter->offset & (PAGE_SIZE - 1)) + obj_size > PAGE_SIZE) iter->offset = round_up(iter->offset, PAGE_SIZE); iter->pos++; } #define genradix_iter_advance(_iter, _radix) \ __genradix_iter_advance(_iter, __genradix_obj_size(_radix)) #define genradix_for_each_from(_radix, _iter, _p, _start) \ for (_iter = genradix_iter_init(_radix, _start); \ (_p = genradix_iter_peek(&_iter, _radix)) != NULL; \ genradix_iter_advance(&_iter, _radix)) /** * genradix_for_each - iterate over entry in a genradix * @_radix: genradix to iterate over * @_iter: a genradix_iter to track current position * @_p: pointer to genradix entry type * * On every iteration, @_p will point to the current entry, and @_iter.pos * will be the current entry's index. */ #define genradix_for_each(_radix, _iter, _p) \ genradix_for_each_from(_radix, _iter, _p, 0) int __genradix_prealloc(struct __genradix *, size_t, gfp_t); /** * genradix_prealloc - preallocate entries in a generic radix tree * @_radix: genradix to preallocate * @_nr: number of entries to preallocate * @_gfp: gfp mask * * Returns 0 on success, -ENOMEM on failure */ #define genradix_prealloc(_radix, _nr, _gfp) \ __genradix_prealloc(&(_radix)->tree, \ __genradix_idx_to_offset(_radix, _nr + 1),\ _gfp) #endif /* _LINUX_GENERIC_RADIX_TREE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #include <asm/processor.h> static inline int phys_addr_valid(resource_size_t addr) { #ifdef CONFIG_PHYS_ADDR_T_64BIT return !(addr >> boot_cpu_data.x86_phys_bits); #else return 1; #endif }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Copyright (C) 2018 Christoph Hellwig. * * DMA operations that map physical memory directly without using an IOMMU. */ #ifndef _KERNEL_DMA_DIRECT_H #define _KERNEL_DMA_DIRECT_H #include <linux/dma-direct.h> int dma_direct_get_sgtable(struct device *dev, struct sg_table *sgt, void *cpu_addr, dma_addr_t dma_addr, size_t size, unsigned long attrs); bool dma_direct_can_mmap(struct device *dev); int dma_direct_mmap(struct device *dev, struct vm_area_struct *vma, void *cpu_addr, dma_addr_t dma_addr, size_t size, unsigned long attrs); bool dma_direct_need_sync(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t dma_addr); int dma_direct_map_sg(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nents, enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs); size_t dma_direct_max_mapping_size(struct device *dev); #if defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYNC_DMA_FOR_DEVICE) || \ defined(CONFIG_SWIOTLB) void dma_direct_sync_sg_for_device(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nents, enum dma_data_direction dir); #else static inline void dma_direct_sync_sg_for_device(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nents, enum dma_data_direction dir) { } #endif #if defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYNC_DMA_FOR_CPU) || \ defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYNC_DMA_FOR_CPU_ALL) || \ defined(CONFIG_SWIOTLB) void dma_direct_unmap_sg(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nents, enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs); void dma_direct_sync_sg_for_cpu(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nents, enum dma_data_direction dir); #else static inline void dma_direct_unmap_sg(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nents, enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs) { } static inline void dma_direct_sync_sg_for_cpu(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nents, enum dma_data_direction dir) { } #endif static inline void dma_direct_sync_single_for_device(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t addr, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir) { phys_addr_t paddr = dma_to_phys(dev, addr); if (unlikely(is_swiotlb_buffer(paddr))) swiotlb_tbl_sync_single(dev, paddr, size, dir, SYNC_FOR_DEVICE); if (!dev_is_dma_coherent(dev)) arch_sync_dma_for_device(paddr, size, dir); } static inline void dma_direct_sync_single_for_cpu(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t addr, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir) { phys_addr_t paddr = dma_to_phys(dev, addr); if (!dev_is_dma_coherent(dev)) { arch_sync_dma_for_cpu(paddr, size, dir); arch_sync_dma_for_cpu_all(); } if (unlikely(is_swiotlb_buffer(paddr))) swiotlb_tbl_sync_single(dev, paddr, size, dir, SYNC_FOR_CPU); if (dir == DMA_FROM_DEVICE) arch_dma_mark_clean(paddr, size); } static inline dma_addr_t dma_direct_map_page(struct device *dev, struct page *page, unsigned long offset, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs) { phys_addr_t phys = page_to_phys(page) + offset; dma_addr_t dma_addr = phys_to_dma(dev, phys); if (unlikely(swiotlb_force == SWIOTLB_FORCE)) return swiotlb_map(dev, phys, size, dir, attrs); if (unlikely(!dma_capable(dev, dma_addr, size, true))) { if (swiotlb_force != SWIOTLB_NO_FORCE) return swiotlb_map(dev, phys, size, dir, attrs); dev_WARN_ONCE(dev, 1, "DMA addr %pad+%zu overflow (mask %llx, bus limit %llx).\n", &dma_addr, size, *dev->dma_mask, dev->bus_dma_limit); return DMA_MAPPING_ERROR; } if (!dev_is_dma_coherent(dev) && !(attrs & DMA_ATTR_SKIP_CPU_SYNC)) arch_sync_dma_for_device(phys, size, dir); return dma_addr; } static inline void dma_direct_unmap_page(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t addr, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs) { phys_addr_t phys = dma_to_phys(dev, addr); if (!(attrs & DMA_ATTR_SKIP_CPU_SYNC)) dma_direct_sync_single_for_cpu(dev, addr, size, dir); if (unlikely(is_swiotlb_buffer(phys))) swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single(dev, phys, size, size, dir, attrs); } #endif /* _KERNEL_DMA_DIRECT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 /* * linux/include/video/vga.h -- standard VGA chipset interaction * * Copyright 1999 Jeff Garzik <jgarzik@pobox.com> * * Copyright history from vga16fb.c: * Copyright 1999 Ben Pfaff and Petr Vandrovec * Based on VGA info at http://www.osdever.net/FreeVGA/home.htm * Based on VESA framebuffer (c) 1998 Gerd Knorr * * This file is subject to the terms and conditions of the GNU General * Public License. See the file COPYING in the main directory of this * archive for more details. * */ #ifndef __linux_video_vga_h__ #define __linux_video_vga_h__ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/io.h> #include <asm/vga.h> #include <asm/byteorder.h> /* Some of the code below is taken from SVGAlib. The original, unmodified copyright notice for that code is below. */ /* VGAlib version 1.2 - (c) 1993 Tommy Frandsen */ /* */ /* This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or */ /* modify it without any restrictions. This library is distributed */ /* in the hope that it will be useful, but without any warranty. */ /* Multi-chipset support Copyright 1993 Harm Hanemaayer */ /* partially copyrighted (C) 1993 by Hartmut Schirmer */ /* VGA data register ports */ #define VGA_CRT_DC 0x3D5 /* CRT Controller Data Register - color emulation */ #define VGA_CRT_DM 0x3B5 /* CRT Controller Data Register - mono emulation */ #define VGA_ATT_R 0x3C1 /* Attribute Controller Data Read Register */ #define VGA_ATT_W 0x3C0 /* Attribute Controller Data Write Register */ #define VGA_GFX_D 0x3CF /* Graphics Controller Data Register */ #define VGA_SEQ_D 0x3C5 /* Sequencer Data Register */ #define VGA_MIS_R 0x3CC /* Misc Output Read Register */ #define VGA_MIS_W 0x3C2 /* Misc Output Write Register */ #define VGA_FTC_R 0x3CA /* Feature Control Read Register */ #define VGA_IS1_RC 0x3DA /* Input Status Register 1 - color emulation */ #define VGA_IS1_RM 0x3BA /* Input Status Register 1 - mono emulation */ #define VGA_PEL_D 0x3C9 /* PEL Data Register */ #define VGA_PEL_MSK 0x3C6 /* PEL mask register */ /* EGA-specific registers */ #define EGA_GFX_E0 0x3CC /* Graphics enable processor 0 */ #define EGA_GFX_E1 0x3CA /* Graphics enable processor 1 */ /* VGA index register ports */ #define VGA_CRT_IC 0x3D4 /* CRT Controller Index - color emulation */ #define VGA_CRT_IM 0x3B4 /* CRT Controller Index - mono emulation */ #define VGA_ATT_IW 0x3C0 /* Attribute Controller Index & Data Write Register */ #define VGA_GFX_I 0x3CE /* Graphics Controller Index */ #define VGA_SEQ_I 0x3C4 /* Sequencer Index */ #define VGA_PEL_IW 0x3C8 /* PEL Write Index */ #define VGA_PEL_IR 0x3C7 /* PEL Read Index */ /* standard VGA indexes max counts */ #define VGA_CRT_C 0x19 /* Number of CRT Controller Registers */ #define VGA_ATT_C 0x15 /* Number of Attribute Controller Registers */ #define VGA_GFX_C 0x09 /* Number of Graphics Controller Registers */ #define VGA_SEQ_C 0x05 /* Number of Sequencer Registers */ #define VGA_MIS_C 0x01 /* Number of Misc Output Register */ /* VGA misc register bit masks */ #define VGA_MIS_COLOR 0x01 #define VGA_MIS_ENB_MEM_ACCESS 0x02 #define VGA_MIS_DCLK_28322_720 0x04 #define VGA_MIS_ENB_PLL_LOAD (0x04 | 0x08) #define VGA_MIS_SEL_HIGH_PAGE 0x20 /* VGA CRT controller register indices */ #define VGA_CRTC_H_TOTAL 0 #define VGA_CRTC_H_DISP 1 #define VGA_CRTC_H_BLANK_START 2 #define VGA_CRTC_H_BLANK_END 3 #define VGA_CRTC_H_SYNC_START 4 #define VGA_CRTC_H_SYNC_END 5 #define VGA_CRTC_V_TOTAL 6 #define VGA_CRTC_OVERFLOW 7 #define VGA_CRTC_PRESET_ROW 8 #define VGA_CRTC_MAX_SCAN 9 #define VGA_CRTC_CURSOR_START 0x0A #define VGA_CRTC_CURSOR_END 0x0B #define VGA_CRTC_START_HI 0x0C #define VGA_CRTC_START_LO 0x0D #define VGA_CRTC_CURSOR_HI 0x0E #define VGA_CRTC_CURSOR_LO 0x0F #define VGA_CRTC_V_SYNC_START 0x10 #define VGA_CRTC_V_SYNC_END 0x11 #define VGA_CRTC_V_DISP_END 0x12 #define VGA_CRTC_OFFSET 0x13 #define VGA_CRTC_UNDERLINE 0x14 #define VGA_CRTC_V_BLANK_START 0x15 #define VGA_CRTC_V_BLANK_END 0x16 #define VGA_CRTC_MODE 0x17 #define VGA_CRTC_LINE_COMPARE 0x18 #define VGA_CRTC_REGS VGA_CRT_C /* VGA CRT controller bit masks */ #define VGA_CR11_LOCK_CR0_CR7 0x80 /* lock writes to CR0 - CR7 */ #define VGA_CR17_H_V_SIGNALS_ENABLED 0x80 /* VGA attribute controller register indices */ #define VGA_ATC_PALETTE0 0x00 #define VGA_ATC_PALETTE1 0x01 #define VGA_ATC_PALETTE2 0x02 #define VGA_ATC_PALETTE3 0x03 #define VGA_ATC_PALETTE4 0x04 #define VGA_ATC_PALETTE5 0x05 #define VGA_ATC_PALETTE6 0x06 #define VGA_ATC_PALETTE7 0x07 #define VGA_ATC_PALETTE8 0x08 #define VGA_ATC_PALETTE9 0x09 #define VGA_ATC_PALETTEA 0x0A #define VGA_ATC_PALETTEB 0x0B #define VGA_ATC_PALETTEC 0x0C #define VGA_ATC_PALETTED 0x0D #define VGA_ATC_PALETTEE 0x0E #define VGA_ATC_PALETTEF 0x0F #define VGA_ATC_MODE 0x10 #define VGA_ATC_OVERSCAN 0x11 #define VGA_ATC_PLANE_ENABLE 0x12 #define VGA_ATC_PEL 0x13 #define VGA_ATC_COLOR_PAGE 0x14 #define VGA_AR_ENABLE_DISPLAY 0x20 /* VGA sequencer register indices */ #define VGA_SEQ_RESET 0x00 #define VGA_SEQ_CLOCK_MODE 0x01 #define VGA_SEQ_PLANE_WRITE 0x02 #define VGA_SEQ_CHARACTER_MAP 0x03 #define VGA_SEQ_MEMORY_MODE 0x04 /* VGA sequencer register bit masks */ #define VGA_SR01_CHAR_CLK_8DOTS 0x01 /* bit 0: character clocks 8 dots wide are generated */ #define VGA_SR01_SCREEN_OFF 0x20 /* bit 5: Screen is off */ #define VGA_SR02_ALL_PLANES 0x0F /* bits 3-0: enable access to all planes */ #define VGA_SR04_EXT_MEM 0x02 /* bit 1: allows complete mem access to 256K */ #define VGA_SR04_SEQ_MODE 0x04 /* bit 2: directs system to use a sequential addressing mode */ #define VGA_SR04_CHN_4M 0x08 /* bit 3: selects modulo 4 addressing for CPU access to display memory */ /* VGA graphics controller register indices */ #define VGA_GFX_SR_VALUE 0x00 #define VGA_GFX_SR_ENABLE 0x01 #define VGA_GFX_COMPARE_VALUE 0x02 #define VGA_GFX_DATA_ROTATE 0x03 #define VGA_GFX_PLANE_READ 0x04 #define VGA_GFX_MODE 0x05 #define VGA_GFX_MISC 0x06 #define VGA_GFX_COMPARE_MASK 0x07 #define VGA_GFX_BIT_MASK 0x08 /* VGA graphics controller bit masks */ #define VGA_GR06_GRAPHICS_MODE 0x01 /* macro for composing an 8-bit VGA register index and value * into a single 16-bit quantity */ #define VGA_OUT16VAL(v, r) (((v) << 8) | (r)) /* decide whether we should enable the faster 16-bit VGA register writes */ #ifdef __LITTLE_ENDIAN #define VGA_OUTW_WRITE #endif /* VGA State Save and Restore */ #define VGA_SAVE_FONT0 1 /* save/restore plane 2 fonts */ #define VGA_SAVE_FONT1 2 /* save/restore plane 3 fonts */ #define VGA_SAVE_TEXT 4 /* save/restore plane 0/1 fonts */ #define VGA_SAVE_FONTS 7 /* save/restore all fonts */ #define VGA_SAVE_MODE 8 /* save/restore video mode */ #define VGA_SAVE_CMAP 16 /* save/restore color map/DAC */ struct vgastate { void __iomem *vgabase; /* mmio base, if supported */ unsigned long membase; /* VGA window base, 0 for default - 0xA000 */ __u32 memsize; /* VGA window size, 0 for default 64K */ __u32 flags; /* what state[s] to save (see VGA_SAVE_*) */ __u32 depth; /* current fb depth, not important */ __u32 num_attr; /* number of att registers, 0 for default */ __u32 num_crtc; /* number of crt registers, 0 for default */ __u32 num_gfx; /* number of gfx registers, 0 for default */ __u32 num_seq; /* number of seq registers, 0 for default */ void *vidstate; }; extern int save_vga(struct vgastate *state); extern int restore_vga(struct vgastate *state); /* * generic VGA port read/write */ static inline unsigned char vga_io_r (unsigned short port) { return inb_p(port); } static inline void vga_io_w (unsigned short port, unsigned char val) { outb_p(val, port); } static inline void vga_io_w_fast (unsigned short port, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { outw(VGA_OUT16VAL (val, reg), port); } static inline unsigned char vga_mm_r (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned short port) { return readb (regbase + port); } static inline void vga_mm_w (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned short port, unsigned char val) { writeb (val, regbase + port); } static inline void vga_mm_w_fast (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned short port, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { writew (VGA_OUT16VAL (val, reg), regbase + port); } static inline unsigned char vga_r (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned short port) { if (regbase) return vga_mm_r (regbase, port); else return vga_io_r (port); } static inline void vga_w (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned short port, unsigned char val) { if (regbase) vga_mm_w (regbase, port, val); else vga_io_w (port, val); } static inline void vga_w_fast (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned short port, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { if (regbase) vga_mm_w_fast (regbase, port, reg, val); else vga_io_w_fast (port, reg, val); } /* * VGA CRTC register read/write */ static inline unsigned char vga_rcrt (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg) { vga_w (regbase, VGA_CRT_IC, reg); return vga_r (regbase, VGA_CRT_DC); } static inline void vga_wcrt (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { #ifdef VGA_OUTW_WRITE vga_w_fast (regbase, VGA_CRT_IC, reg, val); #else vga_w (regbase, VGA_CRT_IC, reg); vga_w (regbase, VGA_CRT_DC, val); #endif /* VGA_OUTW_WRITE */ } static inline unsigned char vga_io_rcrt (unsigned char reg) { vga_io_w (VGA_CRT_IC, reg); return vga_io_r (VGA_CRT_DC); } static inline void vga_io_wcrt (unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { #ifdef VGA_OUTW_WRITE vga_io_w_fast (VGA_CRT_IC, reg, val); #else vga_io_w (VGA_CRT_IC, reg); vga_io_w (VGA_CRT_DC, val); #endif /* VGA_OUTW_WRITE */ } static inline unsigned char vga_mm_rcrt (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg) { vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_CRT_IC, reg); return vga_mm_r (regbase, VGA_CRT_DC); } static inline void vga_mm_wcrt (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { #ifdef VGA_OUTW_WRITE vga_mm_w_fast (regbase, VGA_CRT_IC, reg, val); #else vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_CRT_IC, reg); vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_CRT_DC, val); #endif /* VGA_OUTW_WRITE */ } /* * VGA sequencer register read/write */ static inline unsigned char vga_rseq (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg) { vga_w (regbase, VGA_SEQ_I, reg); return vga_r (regbase, VGA_SEQ_D); } static inline void vga_wseq (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { #ifdef VGA_OUTW_WRITE vga_w_fast (regbase, VGA_SEQ_I, reg, val); #else vga_w (regbase, VGA_SEQ_I, reg); vga_w (regbase, VGA_SEQ_D, val); #endif /* VGA_OUTW_WRITE */ } static inline unsigned char vga_io_rseq (unsigned char reg) { vga_io_w (VGA_SEQ_I, reg); return vga_io_r (VGA_SEQ_D); } static inline void vga_io_wseq (unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { #ifdef VGA_OUTW_WRITE vga_io_w_fast (VGA_SEQ_I, reg, val); #else vga_io_w (VGA_SEQ_I, reg); vga_io_w (VGA_SEQ_D, val); #endif /* VGA_OUTW_WRITE */ } static inline unsigned char vga_mm_rseq (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg) { vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_SEQ_I, reg); return vga_mm_r (regbase, VGA_SEQ_D); } static inline void vga_mm_wseq (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { #ifdef VGA_OUTW_WRITE vga_mm_w_fast (regbase, VGA_SEQ_I, reg, val); #else vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_SEQ_I, reg); vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_SEQ_D, val); #endif /* VGA_OUTW_WRITE */ } /* * VGA graphics controller register read/write */ static inline unsigned char vga_rgfx (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg) { vga_w (regbase, VGA_GFX_I, reg); return vga_r (regbase, VGA_GFX_D); } static inline void vga_wgfx (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { #ifdef VGA_OUTW_WRITE vga_w_fast (regbase, VGA_GFX_I, reg, val); #else vga_w (regbase, VGA_GFX_I, reg); vga_w (regbase, VGA_GFX_D, val); #endif /* VGA_OUTW_WRITE */ } static inline unsigned char vga_io_rgfx (unsigned char reg) { vga_io_w (VGA_GFX_I, reg); return vga_io_r (VGA_GFX_D); } static inline void vga_io_wgfx (unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { #ifdef VGA_OUTW_WRITE vga_io_w_fast (VGA_GFX_I, reg, val); #else vga_io_w (VGA_GFX_I, reg); vga_io_w (VGA_GFX_D, val); #endif /* VGA_OUTW_WRITE */ } static inline unsigned char vga_mm_rgfx (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg) { vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_GFX_I, reg); return vga_mm_r (regbase, VGA_GFX_D); } static inline void vga_mm_wgfx (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { #ifdef VGA_OUTW_WRITE vga_mm_w_fast (regbase, VGA_GFX_I, reg, val); #else vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_GFX_I, reg); vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_GFX_D, val); #endif /* VGA_OUTW_WRITE */ } /* * VGA attribute controller register read/write */ static inline unsigned char vga_rattr (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg) { vga_w (regbase, VGA_ATT_IW, reg); return vga_r (regbase, VGA_ATT_R); } static inline void vga_wattr (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { vga_w (regbase, VGA_ATT_IW, reg); vga_w (regbase, VGA_ATT_W, val); } static inline unsigned char vga_io_rattr (unsigned char reg) { vga_io_w (VGA_ATT_IW, reg); return vga_io_r (VGA_ATT_R); } static inline void vga_io_wattr (unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { vga_io_w (VGA_ATT_IW, reg); vga_io_w (VGA_ATT_W, val); } static inline unsigned char vga_mm_rattr (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg) { vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_ATT_IW, reg); return vga_mm_r (regbase, VGA_ATT_R); } static inline void vga_mm_wattr (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_ATT_IW, reg); vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_ATT_W, val); } #endif /* __linux_video_vga_h__ */
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3419 3420 3421 3422 3423 3424 3425 3426 3427 3428 3429 3430 3431 3432 3433 3434 3435 3436 3437 3438 3439 3440 3441 3442 3443 3444 3445 3446 3447 3448 3449 3450 3451 3452 3453 3454 3455 3456 3457 3458 3459 3460 3461 3462 3463 3464 3465 3466 3467 3468 3469 3470 3471 3472 3473 3474 3475 3476 3477 3478 3479 3480 3481 3482 3483 3484 3485 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_FS_H #define _LINUX_FS_H #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/wait_bit.h> #include <linux/kdev_t.h> #include <linux/dcache.h> #include <linux/path.h> #include <linux/stat.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/list_lru.h> #include <linux/llist.h> #include <linux/radix-tree.h> #include <linux/xarray.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/pid.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/semaphore.h> #include <linux/fcntl.h> #include <linux/rculist_bl.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/shrinker.h> #include <linux/migrate_mode.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <linux/percpu-rwsem.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/delayed_call.h> #include <linux/uuid.h> #include <linux/errseq.h> #include <linux/ioprio.h> #include <linux/fs_types.h> #include <linux/build_bug.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <asm/byteorder.h> #include <uapi/linux/fs.h> struct backing_dev_info; struct bdi_writeback; struct bio; struct export_operations; struct fiemap_extent_info; struct hd_geometry; struct iovec; struct kiocb; struct kobject; struct pipe_inode_info; struct poll_table_struct; struct kstatfs; struct vm_area_struct; struct vfsmount; struct cred; struct swap_info_struct; struct seq_file; struct workqueue_struct; struct iov_iter; struct fscrypt_info; struct fscrypt_operations; struct fsverity_info; struct fsverity_operations; struct fs_context; struct fs_parameter_spec; extern void __init inode_init(void); extern void __init inode_init_early(void); extern void __init files_init(void); extern void __init files_maxfiles_init(void); extern struct files_stat_struct files_stat; extern unsigned long get_max_files(void); extern unsigned int sysctl_nr_open; extern struct inodes_stat_t inodes_stat; extern int leases_enable, lease_break_time; extern int sysctl_protected_symlinks; extern int sysctl_protected_hardlinks; extern int sysctl_protected_fifos; extern int sysctl_protected_regular; typedef __kernel_rwf_t rwf_t; struct buffer_head; typedef int (get_block_t)(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock, struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create); typedef int (dio_iodone_t)(struct kiocb *iocb, loff_t offset, ssize_t bytes, void *private); #define MAY_EXEC 0x00000001 #define MAY_WRITE 0x00000002 #define MAY_READ 0x00000004 #define MAY_APPEND 0x00000008 #define MAY_ACCESS 0x00000010 #define MAY_OPEN 0x00000020 #define MAY_CHDIR 0x00000040 /* called from RCU mode, don't block */ #define MAY_NOT_BLOCK 0x00000080 /* * flags in file.f_mode. Note that FMODE_READ and FMODE_WRITE must correspond * to O_WRONLY and O_RDWR via the strange trick in do_dentry_open() */ /* file is open for reading */ #define FMODE_READ ((__force fmode_t)0x1) /* file is open for writing */ #define FMODE_WRITE ((__force fmode_t)0x2) /* file is seekable */ #define FMODE_LSEEK ((__force fmode_t)0x4) /* file can be accessed using pread */ #define FMODE_PREAD ((__force fmode_t)0x8) /* file can be accessed using pwrite */ #define FMODE_PWRITE ((__force fmode_t)0x10) /* File is opened for execution with sys_execve / sys_uselib */ #define FMODE_EXEC ((__force fmode_t)0x20) /* File is opened with O_NDELAY (only set for block devices) */ #define FMODE_NDELAY ((__force fmode_t)0x40) /* File is opened with O_EXCL (only set for block devices) */ #define FMODE_EXCL ((__force fmode_t)0x80) /* File is opened using open(.., 3, ..) and is writeable only for ioctls (specialy hack for floppy.c) */ #define FMODE_WRITE_IOCTL ((__force fmode_t)0x100) /* 32bit hashes as llseek() offset (for directories) */ #define FMODE_32BITHASH ((__force fmode_t)0x200) /* 64bit hashes as llseek() offset (for directories) */ #define FMODE_64BITHASH ((__force fmode_t)0x400) /* * Don't update ctime and mtime. * * Currently a special hack for the XFS open_by_handle ioctl, but we'll * hopefully graduate it to a proper O_CMTIME flag supported by open(2) soon. */ #define FMODE_NOCMTIME ((__force fmode_t)0x800) /* Expect random access pattern */ #define FMODE_RANDOM ((__force fmode_t)0x1000) /* File is huge (eg. /dev/kmem): treat loff_t as unsigned */ #define FMODE_UNSIGNED_OFFSET ((__force fmode_t)0x2000) /* File is opened with O_PATH; almost nothing can be done with it */ #define FMODE_PATH ((__force fmode_t)0x4000) /* File needs atomic accesses to f_pos */ #define FMODE_ATOMIC_POS ((__force fmode_t)0x8000) /* Write access to underlying fs */ #define FMODE_WRITER ((__force fmode_t)0x10000) /* Has read method(s) */ #define FMODE_CAN_READ ((__force fmode_t)0x20000) /* Has write method(s) */ #define FMODE_CAN_WRITE ((__force fmode_t)0x40000) #define FMODE_OPENED ((__force fmode_t)0x80000) #define FMODE_CREATED ((__force fmode_t)0x100000) /* File is stream-like */ #define FMODE_STREAM ((__force fmode_t)0x200000) /* File was opened by fanotify and shouldn't generate fanotify events */ #define FMODE_NONOTIFY ((__force fmode_t)0x4000000) /* File is capable of returning -EAGAIN if I/O will block */ #define FMODE_NOWAIT ((__force fmode_t)0x8000000) /* File represents mount that needs unmounting */ #define FMODE_NEED_UNMOUNT ((__force fmode_t)0x10000000) /* File does not contribute to nr_files count */ #define FMODE_NOACCOUNT ((__force fmode_t)0x20000000) /* File supports async buffered reads */ #define FMODE_BUF_RASYNC ((__force fmode_t)0x40000000) /* * Attribute flags. These should be or-ed together to figure out what * has been changed! */ #define ATTR_MODE (1 << 0) #define ATTR_UID (1 << 1) #define ATTR_GID (1 << 2) #define ATTR_SIZE (1 << 3) #define ATTR_ATIME (1 << 4) #define ATTR_MTIME (1 << 5) #define ATTR_CTIME (1 << 6) #define ATTR_ATIME_SET (1 << 7) #define ATTR_MTIME_SET (1 << 8) #define ATTR_FORCE (1 << 9) /* Not a change, but a change it */ #define ATTR_KILL_SUID (1 << 11) #define ATTR_KILL_SGID (1 << 12) #define ATTR_FILE (1 << 13) #define ATTR_KILL_PRIV (1 << 14) #define ATTR_OPEN (1 << 15) /* Truncating from open(O_TRUNC) */ #define ATTR_TIMES_SET (1 << 16) #define ATTR_TOUCH (1 << 17) /* * Whiteout is represented by a char device. The following constants define the * mode and device number to use. */ #define WHITEOUT_MODE 0 #define WHITEOUT_DEV 0 /* * This is the Inode Attributes structure, used for notify_change(). It * uses the above definitions as flags, to know which values have changed. * Also, in this manner, a Filesystem can look at only the values it cares * about. Basically, these are the attributes that the VFS layer can * request to change from the FS layer. * * Derek Atkins <warlord@MIT.EDU> 94-10-20 */ struct iattr { unsigned int ia_valid; umode_t ia_mode; kuid_t ia_uid; kgid_t ia_gid; loff_t ia_size; struct timespec64 ia_atime; struct timespec64 ia_mtime; struct timespec64 ia_ctime; /* * Not an attribute, but an auxiliary info for filesystems wanting to * implement an ftruncate() like method. NOTE: filesystem should * check for (ia_valid & ATTR_FILE), and not for (ia_file != NULL). */ struct file *ia_file; }; /* * Includes for diskquotas. */ #include <linux/quota.h> /* * Maximum number of layers of fs stack. Needs to be limited to * prevent kernel stack overflow */ #define FILESYSTEM_MAX_STACK_DEPTH 2 /** * enum positive_aop_returns - aop return codes with specific semantics * * @AOP_WRITEPAGE_ACTIVATE: Informs the caller that page writeback has * completed, that the page is still locked, and * should be considered active. The VM uses this hint * to return the page to the active list -- it won't * be a candidate for writeback again in the near * future. Other callers must be careful to unlock * the page if they get this return. Returned by * writepage(); * * @AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE: The AOP method that was handed a locked page has * unlocked it and the page might have been truncated. * The caller should back up to acquiring a new page and * trying again. The aop will be taking reasonable * precautions not to livelock. If the caller held a page * reference, it should drop it before retrying. Returned * by readpage(). * * address_space_operation functions return these large constants to indicate * special semantics to the caller. These are much larger than the bytes in a * page to allow for functions that return the number of bytes operated on in a * given page. */ enum positive_aop_returns { AOP_WRITEPAGE_ACTIVATE = 0x80000, AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE = 0x80001, }; #define AOP_FLAG_CONT_EXPAND 0x0001 /* called from cont_expand */ #define AOP_FLAG_NOFS 0x0002 /* used by filesystem to direct * helper code (eg buffer layer) * to clear GFP_FS from alloc */ /* * oh the beauties of C type declarations. */ struct page; struct address_space; struct writeback_control; struct readahead_control; /* * Write life time hint values. * Stored in struct inode as u8. */ enum rw_hint { WRITE_LIFE_NOT_SET = 0, WRITE_LIFE_NONE = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_NONE, WRITE_LIFE_SHORT = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_SHORT, WRITE_LIFE_MEDIUM = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_MEDIUM, WRITE_LIFE_LONG = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_LONG, WRITE_LIFE_EXTREME = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_EXTREME, }; /* Match RWF_* bits to IOCB bits */ #define IOCB_HIPRI (__force int) RWF_HIPRI #define IOCB_DSYNC (__force int) RWF_DSYNC #define IOCB_SYNC (__force int) RWF_SYNC #define IOCB_NOWAIT (__force int) RWF_NOWAIT #define IOCB_APPEND (__force int) RWF_APPEND /* non-RWF related bits - start at 16 */ #define IOCB_EVENTFD (1 << 16) #define IOCB_DIRECT (1 << 17) #define IOCB_WRITE (1 << 18) /* iocb->ki_waitq is valid */ #define IOCB_WAITQ (1 << 19) #define IOCB_NOIO (1 << 20) struct kiocb { struct file *ki_filp; /* The 'ki_filp' pointer is shared in a union for aio */ randomized_struct_fields_start loff_t ki_pos; void (*ki_complete)(struct kiocb *iocb, long ret, long ret2); void *private; int ki_flags; u16 ki_hint; u16 ki_ioprio; /* See linux/ioprio.h */ union { unsigned int ki_cookie; /* for ->iopoll */ struct wait_page_queue *ki_waitq; /* for async buffered IO */ }; randomized_struct_fields_end }; static inline bool is_sync_kiocb(struct kiocb *kiocb) { return kiocb->ki_complete == NULL; } /* * "descriptor" for what we're up to with a read. * This allows us to use the same read code yet * have multiple different users of the data that * we read from a file. * * The simplest case just copies the data to user * mode. */ typedef struct { size_t written; size_t count; union { char __user *buf; void *data; } arg; int error; } read_descriptor_t; typedef int (*read_actor_t)(read_descriptor_t *, struct page *, unsigned long, unsigned long); struct address_space_operations { int (*writepage)(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc); int (*readpage)(struct file *, struct page *); /* Write back some dirty pages from this mapping. */ int (*writepages)(struct address_space *, struct writeback_control *); /* Set a page dirty. Return true if this dirtied it */ int (*set_page_dirty)(struct page *page); /* * Reads in the requested pages. Unlike ->readpage(), this is * PURELY used for read-ahead!. */ int (*readpages)(struct file *filp, struct address_space *mapping, struct list_head *pages, unsigned nr_pages); void (*readahead)(struct readahead_control *); int (*write_begin)(struct file *, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, void **fsdata); int (*write_end)(struct file *, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page, void *fsdata); /* Unfortunately this kludge is needed for FIBMAP. Don't use it */ sector_t (*bmap)(struct address_space *, sector_t); void (*invalidatepage) (struct page *, unsigned int, unsigned int); int (*releasepage) (struct page *, gfp_t); void (*freepage)(struct page *); ssize_t (*direct_IO)(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *iter); /* * migrate the contents of a page to the specified target. If * migrate_mode is MIGRATE_ASYNC, it must not block. */ int (*migratepage) (struct address_space *, struct page *, struct page *, enum migrate_mode); bool (*isolate_page)(struct page *, isolate_mode_t); void (*putback_page)(struct page *); int (*launder_page) (struct page *); int (*is_partially_uptodate) (struct page *, unsigned long, unsigned long); void (*is_dirty_writeback) (struct page *, bool *, bool *); int (*error_remove_page)(struct address_space *, struct page *); /* swapfile support */ int (*swap_activate)(struct swap_info_struct *sis, struct file *file, sector_t *span); void (*swap_deactivate)(struct file *file); }; extern const struct address_space_operations empty_aops; /* * pagecache_write_begin/pagecache_write_end must be used by general code * to write into the pagecache. */ int pagecache_write_begin(struct file *, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, void **fsdata); int pagecache_write_end(struct file *, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page, void *fsdata); /** * struct address_space - Contents of a cacheable, mappable object. * @host: Owner, either the inode or the block_device. * @i_pages: Cached pages. * @gfp_mask: Memory allocation flags to use for allocating pages. * @i_mmap_writable: Number of VM_SHARED mappings. * @nr_thps: Number of THPs in the pagecache (non-shmem only). * @i_mmap: Tree of private and shared mappings. * @i_mmap_rwsem: Protects @i_mmap and @i_mmap_writable. * @nrpages: Number of page entries, protected by the i_pages lock. * @nrexceptional: Shadow or DAX entries, protected by the i_pages lock. * @writeback_index: Writeback starts here. * @a_ops: Methods. * @flags: Error bits and flags (AS_*). * @wb_err: The most recent error which has occurred. * @private_lock: For use by the owner of the address_space. * @private_list: For use by the owner of the address_space. * @private_data: For use by the owner of the address_space. */ struct address_space { struct inode *host; struct xarray i_pages; gfp_t gfp_mask; atomic_t i_mmap_writable; #ifdef CONFIG_READ_ONLY_THP_FOR_FS /* number of thp, only for non-shmem files */ atomic_t nr_thps; #endif struct rb_root_cached i_mmap; struct rw_semaphore i_mmap_rwsem; unsigned long nrpages; unsigned long nrexceptional; pgoff_t writeback_index; const struct address_space_operations *a_ops; unsigned long flags; errseq_t wb_err; spinlock_t private_lock; struct list_head private_list; void *private_data; } __attribute__((aligned(sizeof(long)))) __randomize_layout; /* * On most architectures that alignment is already the case; but * must be enforced here for CRIS, to let the least significant bit * of struct page's "mapping" pointer be used for PAGE_MAPPING_ANON. */ /* XArray tags, for tagging dirty and writeback pages in the pagecache. */ #define PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY XA_MARK_0 #define PAGECACHE_TAG_WRITEBACK XA_MARK_1 #define PAGECACHE_TAG_TOWRITE XA_MARK_2 /* * Returns true if any of the pages in the mapping are marked with the tag. */ static inline bool mapping_tagged(struct address_space *mapping, xa_mark_t tag) { return xa_marked(&mapping->i_pages, tag); } static inline void i_mmap_lock_write(struct address_space *mapping) { down_write(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline int i_mmap_trylock_write(struct address_space *mapping) { return down_write_trylock(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline void i_mmap_unlock_write(struct address_space *mapping) { up_write(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline void i_mmap_lock_read(struct address_space *mapping) { down_read(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline void i_mmap_unlock_read(struct address_space *mapping) { up_read(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline void i_mmap_assert_locked(struct address_space *mapping) { lockdep_assert_held(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline void i_mmap_assert_write_locked(struct address_space *mapping) { lockdep_assert_held_write(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } /* * Might pages of this file be mapped into userspace? */ static inline int mapping_mapped(struct address_space *mapping) { return !RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root); } /* * Might pages of this file have been modified in userspace? * Note that i_mmap_writable counts all VM_SHARED vmas: do_mmap * marks vma as VM_SHARED if it is shared, and the file was opened for * writing i.e. vma may be mprotected writable even if now readonly. * * If i_mmap_writable is negative, no new writable mappings are allowed. You * can only deny writable mappings, if none exists right now. */ static inline int mapping_writably_mapped(struct address_space *mapping) { return atomic_read(&mapping->i_mmap_writable) > 0; } static inline int mapping_map_writable(struct address_space *mapping) { return atomic_inc_unless_negative(&mapping->i_mmap_writable) ? 0 : -EPERM; } static inline void mapping_unmap_writable(struct address_space *mapping) { atomic_dec(&mapping->i_mmap_writable); } static inline int mapping_deny_writable(struct address_space *mapping) { return atomic_dec_unless_positive(&mapping->i_mmap_writable) ? 0 : -EBUSY; } static inline void mapping_allow_writable(struct address_space *mapping) { atomic_inc(&mapping->i_mmap_writable); } /* * Use sequence counter to get consistent i_size on 32-bit processors. */ #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) #include <linux/seqlock.h> #define __NEED_I_SIZE_ORDERED #define i_size_ordered_init(inode) seqcount_init(&inode->i_size_seqcount) #else #define i_size_ordered_init(inode) do { } while (0) #endif struct posix_acl; #define ACL_NOT_CACHED ((void *)(-1)) #define ACL_DONT_CACHE ((void *)(-3)) static inline struct posix_acl * uncached_acl_sentinel(struct task_struct *task) { return (void *)task + 1; } static inline bool is_uncached_acl(struct posix_acl *acl) { return (long)acl & 1; } #define IOP_FASTPERM 0x0001 #define IOP_LOOKUP 0x0002 #define IOP_NOFOLLOW 0x0004 #define IOP_XATTR 0x0008 #define IOP_DEFAULT_READLINK 0x0010 struct fsnotify_mark_connector; /* * Keep mostly read-only and often accessed (especially for * the RCU path lookup and 'stat' data) fields at the beginning * of the 'struct inode' */ struct inode { umode_t i_mode; unsigned short i_opflags; kuid_t i_uid; kgid_t i_gid; unsigned int i_flags; #ifdef CONFIG_FS_POSIX_ACL struct posix_acl *i_acl; struct posix_acl *i_default_acl; #endif const struct inode_operations *i_op; struct super_block *i_sb; struct address_space *i_mapping; #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY void *i_security; #endif /* Stat data, not accessed from path walking */ unsigned long i_ino; /* * Filesystems may only read i_nlink directly. They shall use the * following functions for modification: * * (set|clear|inc|drop)_nlink * inode_(inc|dec)_link_count */ union { const unsigned int i_nlink; unsigned int __i_nlink; }; dev_t i_rdev; loff_t i_size; struct timespec64 i_atime; struct timespec64 i_mtime; struct timespec64 i_ctime; spinlock_t i_lock; /* i_blocks, i_bytes, maybe i_size */ unsigned short i_bytes; u8 i_blkbits; u8 i_write_hint; blkcnt_t i_blocks; #ifdef __NEED_I_SIZE_ORDERED seqcount_t i_size_seqcount; #endif /* Misc */ unsigned long i_state; struct rw_semaphore i_rwsem; unsigned long dirtied_when; /* jiffies of first dirtying */ unsigned long dirtied_time_when; struct hlist_node i_hash; struct list_head i_io_list; /* backing dev IO list */ #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK struct bdi_writeback *i_wb; /* the associated cgroup wb */ /* foreign inode detection, see wbc_detach_inode() */ int i_wb_frn_winner; u16 i_wb_frn_avg_time; u16 i_wb_frn_history; #endif struct list_head i_lru; /* inode LRU list */ struct list_head i_sb_list; struct list_head i_wb_list; /* backing dev writeback list */ union { struct hlist_head i_dentry; struct rcu_head i_rcu; }; atomic64_t i_version; atomic64_t i_sequence; /* see futex */ atomic_t i_count; atomic_t i_dio_count; atomic_t i_writecount; #if defined(CONFIG_IMA) || defined(CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING) atomic_t i_readcount; /* struct files open RO */ #endif union { const struct file_operations *i_fop; /* former ->i_op->default_file_ops */ void (*free_inode)(struct inode *); }; struct file_lock_context *i_flctx; struct address_space i_data; struct list_head i_devices; union { struct pipe_inode_info *i_pipe; struct block_device *i_bdev; struct cdev *i_cdev; char *i_link; unsigned i_dir_seq; }; __u32 i_generation; #ifdef CONFIG_FSNOTIFY __u32 i_fsnotify_mask; /* all events this inode cares about */ struct fsnotify_mark_connector __rcu *i_fsnotify_marks; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION struct fscrypt_info *i_crypt_info; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FS_VERITY struct fsverity_info *i_verity_info; #endif void *i_private; /* fs or device private pointer */ } __randomize_layout; struct timespec64 timestamp_truncate(struct timespec64 t, struct inode *inode); static inline unsigned int i_blocksize(const struct inode *node) { return (1 << node->i_blkbits); } static inline int inode_unhashed(struct inode *inode) { return hlist_unhashed(&inode->i_hash); } /* * __mark_inode_dirty expects inodes to be hashed. Since we don't * want special inodes in the fileset inode space, we make them * appear hashed, but do not put on any lists. hlist_del() * will work fine and require no locking. */ static inline void inode_fake_hash(struct inode *inode) { hlist_add_fake(&inode->i_hash); } /* * inode->i_mutex nesting subclasses for the lock validator: * * 0: the object of the current VFS operation * 1: parent * 2: child/target * 3: xattr * 4: second non-directory * 5: second parent (when locking independent directories in rename) * * I_MUTEX_NONDIR2 is for certain operations (such as rename) which lock two * non-directories at once. * * The locking order between these classes is * parent[2] -> child -> grandchild -> normal -> xattr -> second non-directory */ enum inode_i_mutex_lock_class { I_MUTEX_NORMAL, I_MUTEX_PARENT, I_MUTEX_CHILD, I_MUTEX_XATTR, I_MUTEX_NONDIR2, I_MUTEX_PARENT2, }; static inline void inode_lock(struct inode *inode) { down_write(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline void inode_unlock(struct inode *inode) { up_write(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline void inode_lock_shared(struct inode *inode) { down_read(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline void inode_unlock_shared(struct inode *inode) { up_read(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline int inode_trylock(struct inode *inode) { return down_write_trylock(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline int inode_trylock_shared(struct inode *inode) { return down_read_trylock(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline int inode_is_locked(struct inode *inode) { return rwsem_is_locked(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline void inode_lock_nested(struct inode *inode, unsigned subclass) { down_write_nested(&inode->i_rwsem, subclass); } static inline void inode_lock_shared_nested(struct inode *inode, unsigned subclass) { down_read_nested(&inode->i_rwsem, subclass); } void lock_two_nondirectories(struct inode *, struct inode*); void unlock_two_nondirectories(struct inode *, struct inode*); /* * NOTE: in a 32bit arch with a preemptable kernel and * an UP compile the i_size_read/write must be atomic * with respect to the local cpu (unlike with preempt disabled), * but they don't need to be atomic with respect to other cpus like in * true SMP (so they need either to either locally disable irq around * the read or for example on x86 they can be still implemented as a * cmpxchg8b without the need of the lock prefix). For SMP compiles * and 64bit archs it makes no difference if preempt is enabled or not. */ static inline loff_t i_size_read(const struct inode *inode) { #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) loff_t i_size; unsigned int seq; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&inode->i_size_seqcount); i_size = inode->i_size; } while (read_seqcount_retry(&inode->i_size_seqcount, seq)); return i_size; #elif BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) loff_t i_size; preempt_disable(); i_size = inode->i_size; preempt_enable(); return i_size; #else return inode->i_size; #endif } /* * NOTE: unlike i_size_read(), i_size_write() does need locking around it * (normally i_mutex), otherwise on 32bit/SMP an update of i_size_seqcount * can be lost, resulting in subsequent i_size_read() calls spinning forever. */ static inline void i_size_write(struct inode *inode, loff_t i_size) { #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) preempt_disable(); write_seqcount_begin(&inode->i_size_seqcount); inode->i_size = i_size; write_seqcount_end(&inode->i_size_seqcount); preempt_enable(); #elif BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) preempt_disable(); inode->i_size = i_size; preempt_enable(); #else inode->i_size = i_size; #endif } static inline unsigned iminor(const struct inode *inode) { return MINOR(inode->i_rdev); } static inline unsigned imajor(const struct inode *inode) { return MAJOR(inode->i_rdev); } struct fown_struct { rwlock_t lock; /* protects pid, uid, euid fields */ struct pid *pid; /* pid or -pgrp where SIGIO should be sent */ enum pid_type pid_type; /* Kind of process group SIGIO should be sent to */ kuid_t uid, euid; /* uid/euid of process setting the owner */ int signum; /* posix.1b rt signal to be delivered on IO */ }; /* * Track a single file's readahead state */ struct file_ra_state { pgoff_t start; /* where readahead started */ unsigned int size; /* # of readahead pages */ unsigned int async_size; /* do asynchronous readahead when there are only # of pages ahead */ unsigned int ra_pages; /* Maximum readahead window */ unsigned int mmap_miss; /* Cache miss stat for mmap accesses */ loff_t prev_pos; /* Cache last read() position */ }; /* * Check if @index falls in the readahead windows. */ static inline int ra_has_index(struct file_ra_state *ra, pgoff_t index) { return (index >= ra->start && index < ra->start + ra->size); } struct file { union { struct llist_node fu_llist; struct rcu_head fu_rcuhead; } f_u; struct path f_path; struct inode *f_inode; /* cached value */ const struct file_operations *f_op; /* * Protects f_ep_links, f_flags. * Must not be taken from IRQ context. */ spinlock_t f_lock; enum rw_hint f_write_hint; atomic_long_t f_count; unsigned int f_flags; fmode_t f_mode; struct mutex f_pos_lock; loff_t f_pos; struct fown_struct f_owner; const struct cred *f_cred; struct file_ra_state f_ra; u64 f_version; #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY void *f_security; #endif /* needed for tty driver, and maybe others */ void *private_data; #ifdef CONFIG_EPOLL /* Used by fs/eventpoll.c to link all the hooks to this file */ struct list_head f_ep_links; struct list_head f_tfile_llink; #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_EPOLL */ struct address_space *f_mapping; errseq_t f_wb_err; errseq_t f_sb_err; /* for syncfs */ } __randomize_layout __attribute__((aligned(4))); /* lest something weird decides that 2 is OK */ struct file_handle { __u32 handle_bytes; int handle_type; /* file identifier */ unsigned char f_handle[]; }; static inline struct file *get_file(struct file *f) { atomic_long_inc(&f->f_count); return f; } #define get_file_rcu_many(x, cnt) \ atomic_long_add_unless(&(x)->f_count, (cnt), 0) #define get_file_rcu(x) get_file_rcu_many((x), 1) #define file_count(x) atomic_long_read(&(x)->f_count) #define MAX_NON_LFS ((1UL<<31) - 1) /* Page cache limit. The filesystems should put that into their s_maxbytes limits, otherwise bad things can happen in VM. */ #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 #define MAX_LFS_FILESIZE ((loff_t)ULONG_MAX << PAGE_SHIFT) #elif BITS_PER_LONG==64 #define MAX_LFS_FILESIZE ((loff_t)LLONG_MAX) #endif #define FL_POSIX 1 #define FL_FLOCK 2 #define FL_DELEG 4 /* NFSv4 delegation */ #define FL_ACCESS 8 /* not trying to lock, just looking */ #define FL_EXISTS 16 /* when unlocking, test for existence */ #define FL_LEASE 32 /* lease held on this file */ #define FL_CLOSE 64 /* unlock on close */ #define FL_SLEEP 128 /* A blocking lock */ #define FL_DOWNGRADE_PENDING 256 /* Lease is being downgraded */ #define FL_UNLOCK_PENDING 512 /* Lease is being broken */ #define FL_OFDLCK 1024 /* lock is "owned" by struct file */ #define FL_LAYOUT 2048 /* outstanding pNFS layout */ #define FL_CLOSE_POSIX (FL_POSIX | FL_CLOSE) /* * Special return value from posix_lock_file() and vfs_lock_file() for * asynchronous locking. */ #define FILE_LOCK_DEFERRED 1 /* legacy typedef, should eventually be removed */ typedef void *fl_owner_t; struct file_lock; struct file_lock_operations { void (*fl_copy_lock)(struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *); void (*fl_release_private)(struct file_lock *); }; struct lock_manager_operations { fl_owner_t (*lm_get_owner)(fl_owner_t); void (*lm_put_owner)(fl_owner_t); void (*lm_notify)(struct file_lock *); /* unblock callback */ int (*lm_grant)(struct file_lock *, int); bool (*lm_break)(struct file_lock *); int (*lm_change)(struct file_lock *, int, struct list_head *); void (*lm_setup)(struct file_lock *, void **); bool (*lm_breaker_owns_lease)(struct file_lock *); }; struct lock_manager { struct list_head list; /* * NFSv4 and up also want opens blocked during the grace period; * NLM doesn't care: */ bool block_opens; }; struct net; void locks_start_grace(struct net *, struct lock_manager *); void locks_end_grace(struct lock_manager *); bool locks_in_grace(struct net *); bool opens_in_grace(struct net *); /* that will die - we need it for nfs_lock_info */ #include <linux/nfs_fs_i.h> /* * struct file_lock represents a generic "file lock". It's used to represent * POSIX byte range locks, BSD (flock) locks, and leases. It's important to * note that the same struct is used to represent both a request for a lock and * the lock itself, but the same object is never used for both. * * FIXME: should we create a separate "struct lock_request" to help distinguish * these two uses? * * The varous i_flctx lists are ordered by: * * 1) lock owner * 2) lock range start * 3) lock range end * * Obviously, the last two criteria only matter for POSIX locks. */ struct file_lock { struct file_lock *fl_blocker; /* The lock, that is blocking us */ struct list_head fl_list; /* link into file_lock_context */ struct hlist_node fl_link; /* node in global lists */ struct list_head fl_blocked_requests; /* list of requests with * ->fl_blocker pointing here */ struct list_head fl_blocked_member; /* node in * ->fl_blocker->fl_blocked_requests */ fl_owner_t fl_owner; unsigned int fl_flags; unsigned char fl_type; unsigned int fl_pid; int fl_link_cpu; /* what cpu's list is this on? */ wait_queue_head_t fl_wait; struct file *fl_file; loff_t fl_start; loff_t fl_end; struct fasync_struct * fl_fasync; /* for lease break notifications */ /* for lease breaks: */ unsigned long fl_break_time; unsigned long fl_downgrade_time; const struct file_lock_operations *fl_ops; /* Callbacks for filesystems */ const struct lock_manager_operations *fl_lmops; /* Callbacks for lockmanagers */ union { struct nfs_lock_info nfs_fl; struct nfs4_lock_info nfs4_fl; struct { struct list_head link; /* link in AFS vnode's pending_locks list */ int state; /* state of grant or error if -ve */ unsigned int debug_id; } afs; } fl_u; } __randomize_layout; struct file_lock_context { spinlock_t flc_lock; struct list_head flc_flock; struct list_head flc_posix; struct list_head flc_lease; }; /* The following constant reflects the upper bound of the file/locking space */ #ifndef OFFSET_MAX #define INT_LIMIT(x) (~((x)1 << (sizeof(x)*8 - 1))) #define OFFSET_MAX INT_LIMIT(loff_t) #define OFFT_OFFSET_MAX INT_LIMIT(off_t) #endif extern void send_sigio(struct fown_struct *fown, int fd, int band); #define locks_inode(f) file_inode(f) #ifdef CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING extern int fcntl_getlk(struct file *, unsigned int, struct flock *); extern int fcntl_setlk(unsigned int, struct file *, unsigned int, struct flock *); #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 extern int fcntl_getlk64(struct file *, unsigned int, struct flock64 *); extern int fcntl_setlk64(unsigned int, struct file *, unsigned int, struct flock64 *); #endif extern int fcntl_setlease(unsigned int fd, struct file *filp, long arg); extern int fcntl_getlease(struct file *filp); /* fs/locks.c */ void locks_free_lock_context(struct inode *inode); void locks_free_lock(struct file_lock *fl); extern void locks_init_lock(struct file_lock *); extern struct file_lock * locks_alloc_lock(void); extern void locks_copy_lock(struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *); extern void locks_copy_conflock(struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *); extern void locks_remove_posix(struct file *, fl_owner_t); extern void locks_remove_file(struct file *); extern void locks_release_private(struct file_lock *); extern void posix_test_lock(struct file *, struct file_lock *); extern int posix_lock_file(struct file *, struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *); extern int locks_delete_block(struct file_lock *); extern int vfs_test_lock(struct file *, struct file_lock *); extern int vfs_lock_file(struct file *, unsigned int, struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *); extern int vfs_cancel_lock(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl); extern int locks_lock_inode_wait(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *fl); extern int __break_lease(struct inode *inode, unsigned int flags, unsigned int type); extern void lease_get_mtime(struct inode *, struct timespec64 *time); extern int generic_setlease(struct file *, long, struct file_lock **, void **priv); extern int vfs_setlease(struct file *, long, struct file_lock **, void **); extern int lease_modify(struct file_lock *, int, struct list_head *); struct notifier_block; extern int lease_register_notifier(struct notifier_block *); extern void lease_unregister_notifier(struct notifier_block *); struct files_struct; extern void show_fd_locks(struct seq_file *f, struct file *filp, struct files_struct *files); #else /* !CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING */ static inline int fcntl_getlk(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, struct flock __user *user) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int fcntl_setlk(unsigned int fd, struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, struct flock __user *user) { return -EACCES; } #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 static inline int fcntl_getlk64(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, struct flock64 __user *user) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int fcntl_setlk64(unsigned int fd, struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, struct flock64 __user *user) { return -EACCES; } #endif static inline int fcntl_setlease(unsigned int fd, struct file *filp, long arg) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int fcntl_getlease(struct file *filp) { return F_UNLCK; } static inline void locks_free_lock_context(struct inode *inode) { } static inline void locks_init_lock(struct file_lock *fl) { return; } static inline void locks_copy_conflock(struct file_lock *new, struct file_lock *fl) { return; } static inline void locks_copy_lock(struct file_lock *new, struct file_lock *fl) { return; } static inline void locks_remove_posix(struct file *filp, fl_owner_t owner) { return; } static inline void locks_remove_file(struct file *filp) { return; } static inline void posix_test_lock(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl) { return; } static inline int posix_lock_file(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl, struct file_lock *conflock) { return -ENOLCK; } static inline int locks_delete_block(struct file_lock *waiter) { return -ENOENT; } static inline int vfs_test_lock(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl) { return 0; } static inline int vfs_lock_file(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, struct file_lock *fl, struct file_lock *conf) { return -ENOLCK; } static inline int vfs_cancel_lock(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl) { return 0; } static inline int locks_lock_inode_wait(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *fl) { return -ENOLCK; } static inline int __break_lease(struct inode *inode, unsigned int mode, unsigned int type) { return 0; } static inline void lease_get_mtime(struct inode *inode, struct timespec64 *time) { return; } static inline int generic_setlease(struct file *filp, long arg, struct file_lock **flp, void **priv) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int vfs_setlease(struct file *filp, long arg, struct file_lock **lease, void **priv) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int lease_modify(struct file_lock *fl, int arg, struct list_head *dispose) { return -EINVAL; } struct files_struct; static inline void show_fd_locks(struct seq_file *f, struct file *filp, struct files_struct *files) {} #endif /* !CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING */ static inline struct inode *file_inode(const struct file *f) { return f->f_inode; } static inline struct dentry *file_dentry(const struct file *file) { return d_real(file->f_path.dentry, file_inode(file)); } static inline int locks_lock_file_wait(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl) { return locks_lock_inode_wait(locks_inode(filp), fl); } struct fasync_struct { rwlock_t fa_lock; int magic; int fa_fd; struct fasync_struct *fa_next; /* singly linked list */ struct file *fa_file; struct rcu_head fa_rcu; }; #define FASYNC_MAGIC 0x4601 /* SMP safe fasync helpers: */ extern int fasync_helper(int, struct file *, int, struct fasync_struct **); extern struct fasync_struct *fasync_insert_entry(int, struct file *, struct fasync_struct **, struct fasync_struct *); extern int fasync_remove_entry(struct file *, struct fasync_struct **); extern struct fasync_struct *fasync_alloc(void); extern void fasync_free(struct fasync_struct *); /* can be called from interrupts */ extern void kill_fasync(struct fasync_struct **, int, int); extern void __f_setown(struct file *filp, struct pid *, enum pid_type, int force); extern int f_setown(struct file *filp, unsigned long arg, int force); extern void f_delown(struct file *filp); extern pid_t f_getown(struct file *filp); extern int send_sigurg(struct fown_struct *fown); /* * sb->s_flags. Note that these mirror the equivalent MS_* flags where * represented in both. */ #define SB_RDONLY 1 /* Mount read-only */ #define SB_NOSUID 2 /* Ignore suid and sgid bits */ #define SB_NODEV 4 /* Disallow access to device special files */ #define SB_NOEXEC 8 /* Disallow program execution */ #define SB_SYNCHRONOUS 16 /* Writes are synced at once */ #define SB_MANDLOCK 64 /* Allow mandatory locks on an FS */ #define SB_DIRSYNC 128 /* Directory modifications are synchronous */ #define SB_NOATIME 1024 /* Do not update access times. */ #define SB_NODIRATIME 2048 /* Do not update directory access times */ #define SB_SILENT 32768 #define SB_POSIXACL (1<<16) /* VFS does not apply the umask */ #define SB_INLINECRYPT (1<<17) /* Use blk-crypto for encrypted files */ #define SB_KERNMOUNT (1<<22) /* this is a kern_mount call */ #define SB_I_VERSION (1<<23) /* Update inode I_version field */ #define SB_LAZYTIME (1<<25) /* Update the on-disk [acm]times lazily */ /* These sb flags are internal to the kernel */ #define SB_SUBMOUNT (1<<26) #define SB_FORCE (1<<27) #define SB_NOSEC (1<<28) #define SB_BORN (1<<29) #define SB_ACTIVE (1<<30) #define SB_NOUSER (1<<31) /* These flags relate to encoding and casefolding */ #define SB_ENC_STRICT_MODE_FL (1 << 0) #define sb_has_strict_encoding(sb) \ (sb->s_encoding_flags & SB_ENC_STRICT_MODE_FL) /* * Umount options */ #define MNT_FORCE 0x00000001 /* Attempt to forcibily umount */ #define MNT_DETACH 0x00000002 /* Just detach from the tree */ #define MNT_EXPIRE 0x00000004 /* Mark for expiry */ #define UMOUNT_NOFOLLOW 0x00000008 /* Don't follow symlink on umount */ #define UMOUNT_UNUSED 0x80000000 /* Flag guaranteed to be unused */ /* sb->s_iflags */ #define SB_I_CGROUPWB 0x00000001 /* cgroup-aware writeback enabled */ #define SB_I_NOEXEC 0x00000002 /* Ignore executables on this fs */ #define SB_I_NODEV 0x00000004 /* Ignore devices on this fs */ #define SB_I_STABLE_WRITES 0x00000008 /* don't modify blks until WB is done */ /* sb->s_iflags to limit user namespace mounts */ #define SB_I_USERNS_VISIBLE 0x00000010 /* fstype already mounted */ #define SB_I_IMA_UNVERIFIABLE_SIGNATURE 0x00000020 #define SB_I_UNTRUSTED_MOUNTER 0x00000040 #define SB_I_SKIP_SYNC 0x00000100 /* Skip superblock at global sync */ /* Possible states of 'frozen' field */ enum { SB_UNFROZEN = 0, /* FS is unfrozen */ SB_FREEZE_WRITE = 1, /* Writes, dir ops, ioctls frozen */ SB_FREEZE_PAGEFAULT = 2, /* Page faults stopped as well */ SB_FREEZE_FS = 3, /* For internal FS use (e.g. to stop * internal threads if needed) */ SB_FREEZE_COMPLETE = 4, /* ->freeze_fs finished successfully */ }; #define SB_FREEZE_LEVELS (SB_FREEZE_COMPLETE - 1) struct sb_writers { int frozen; /* Is sb frozen? */ wait_queue_head_t wait_unfrozen; /* for get_super_thawed() */ struct percpu_rw_semaphore rw_sem[SB_FREEZE_LEVELS]; }; struct super_block { struct list_head s_list; /* Keep this first */ dev_t s_dev; /* search index; _not_ kdev_t */ unsigned char s_blocksize_bits; unsigned long s_blocksize; loff_t s_maxbytes; /* Max file size */ struct file_system_type *s_type; const struct super_operations *s_op; const struct dquot_operations *dq_op; const struct quotactl_ops *s_qcop; const struct export_operations *s_export_op; unsigned long s_flags; unsigned long s_iflags; /* internal SB_I_* flags */ unsigned long s_magic; struct dentry *s_root; struct rw_semaphore s_umount; int s_count; atomic_t s_active; #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY void *s_security; #endif const struct xattr_handler **s_xattr; #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION const struct fscrypt_operations *s_cop; struct key *s_master_keys; /* master crypto keys in use */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FS_VERITY const struct fsverity_operations *s_vop; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE struct unicode_map *s_encoding; __u16 s_encoding_flags; #endif struct hlist_bl_head s_roots; /* alternate root dentries for NFS */ struct list_head s_mounts; /* list of mounts; _not_ for fs use */ struct block_device *s_bdev; struct backing_dev_info *s_bdi; struct mtd_info *s_mtd; struct hlist_node s_instances; unsigned int s_quota_types; /* Bitmask of supported quota types */ struct quota_info s_dquot; /* Diskquota specific options */ struct sb_writers s_writers; /* * Keep s_fs_info, s_time_gran, s_fsnotify_mask, and * s_fsnotify_marks together for cache efficiency. They are frequently * accessed and rarely modified. */ void *s_fs_info; /* Filesystem private info */ /* Granularity of c/m/atime in ns (cannot be worse than a second) */ u32 s_time_gran; /* Time limits for c/m/atime in seconds */ time64_t s_time_min; time64_t s_time_max; #ifdef CONFIG_FSNOTIFY __u32 s_fsnotify_mask; struct fsnotify_mark_connector __rcu *s_fsnotify_marks; #endif char s_id[32]; /* Informational name */ uuid_t s_uuid; /* UUID */ unsigned int s_max_links; fmode_t s_mode; /* * The next field is for VFS *only*. No filesystems have any business * even looking at it. You had been warned. */ struct mutex s_vfs_rename_mutex; /* Kludge */ /* * Filesystem subtype. If non-empty the filesystem type field * in /proc/mounts will be "type.subtype" */ const char *s_subtype; const struct dentry_operations *s_d_op; /* default d_op for dentries */ /* * Saved pool identifier for cleancache (-1 means none) */ int cleancache_poolid; struct shrinker s_shrink; /* per-sb shrinker handle */ /* Number of inodes with nlink == 0 but still referenced */ atomic_long_t s_remove_count; /* Pending fsnotify inode refs */ atomic_long_t s_fsnotify_inode_refs; /* Being remounted read-only */ int s_readonly_remount; /* per-sb errseq_t for reporting writeback errors via syncfs */ errseq_t s_wb_err; /* AIO completions deferred from interrupt context */ struct workqueue_struct *s_dio_done_wq; struct hlist_head s_pins; /* * Owning user namespace and default context in which to * interpret filesystem uids, gids, quotas, device nodes, * xattrs and security labels. */ struct user_namespace *s_user_ns; /* * The list_lru structure is essentially just a pointer to a table * of per-node lru lists, each of which has its own spinlock. * There is no need to put them into separate cachelines. */ struct list_lru s_dentry_lru; struct list_lru s_inode_lru; struct rcu_head rcu; struct work_struct destroy_work; struct mutex s_sync_lock; /* sync serialisation lock */ /* * Indicates how deep in a filesystem stack this SB is */ int s_stack_depth; /* s_inode_list_lock protects s_inodes */ spinlock_t s_inode_list_lock ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; struct list_head s_inodes; /* all inodes */ spinlock_t s_inode_wblist_lock; struct list_head s_inodes_wb; /* writeback inodes */ } __randomize_layout; /* Helper functions so that in most cases filesystems will * not need to deal directly with kuid_t and kgid_t and can * instead deal with the raw numeric values that are stored * in the filesystem. */ static inline uid_t i_uid_read(const struct inode *inode) { return from_kuid(inode->i_sb->s_user_ns, inode->i_uid); } static inline gid_t i_gid_read(const struct inode *inode) { return from_kgid(inode->i_sb->s_user_ns, inode->i_gid); } static inline void i_uid_write(struct inode *inode, uid_t uid) { inode->i_uid = make_kuid(inode->i_sb->s_user_ns, uid); } static inline void i_gid_write(struct inode *inode, gid_t gid) { inode->i_gid = make_kgid(inode->i_sb->s_user_ns, gid); } extern struct timespec64 current_time(struct inode *inode); /* * Snapshotting support. */ /* * These are internal functions, please use sb_start_{write,pagefault,intwrite} * instead. */ static inline void __sb_end_write(struct super_block *sb, int level) { percpu_up_read(sb->s_writers.rw_sem + level-1); } static inline void __sb_start_write(struct super_block *sb, int level) { percpu_down_read(sb->s_writers.rw_sem + level - 1); } static inline bool __sb_start_write_trylock(struct super_block *sb, int level) { return percpu_down_read_trylock(sb->s_writers.rw_sem + level - 1); } #define __sb_writers_acquired(sb, lev) \ percpu_rwsem_acquire(&(sb)->s_writers.rw_sem[(lev)-1], 1, _THIS_IP_) #define __sb_writers_release(sb, lev) \ percpu_rwsem_release(&(sb)->s_writers.rw_sem[(lev)-1], 1, _THIS_IP_) /** * sb_end_write - drop write access to a superblock * @sb: the super we wrote to * * Decrement number of writers to the filesystem. Wake up possible waiters * wanting to freeze the filesystem. */ static inline void sb_end_write(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_end_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_WRITE); } /** * sb_end_pagefault - drop write access to a superblock from a page fault * @sb: the super we wrote to * * Decrement number of processes handling write page fault to the filesystem. * Wake up possible waiters wanting to freeze the filesystem. */ static inline void sb_end_pagefault(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_end_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_PAGEFAULT); } /** * sb_end_intwrite - drop write access to a superblock for internal fs purposes * @sb: the super we wrote to * * Decrement fs-internal number of writers to the filesystem. Wake up possible * waiters wanting to freeze the filesystem. */ static inline void sb_end_intwrite(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_end_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_FS); } /** * sb_start_write - get write access to a superblock * @sb: the super we write to * * When a process wants to write data or metadata to a file system (i.e. dirty * a page or an inode), it should embed the operation in a sb_start_write() - * sb_end_write() pair to get exclusion against file system freezing. This * function increments number of writers preventing freezing. If the file * system is already frozen, the function waits until the file system is * thawed. * * Since freeze protection behaves as a lock, users have to preserve * ordering of freeze protection and other filesystem locks. Generally, * freeze protection should be the outermost lock. In particular, we have: * * sb_start_write * -> i_mutex (write path, truncate, directory ops, ...) * -> s_umount (freeze_super, thaw_super) */ static inline void sb_start_write(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_start_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_WRITE); } static inline bool sb_start_write_trylock(struct super_block *sb) { return __sb_start_write_trylock(sb, SB_FREEZE_WRITE); } /** * sb_start_pagefault - get write access to a superblock from a page fault * @sb: the super we write to * * When a process starts handling write page fault, it should embed the * operation into sb_start_pagefault() - sb_end_pagefault() pair to get * exclusion against file system freezing. This is needed since the page fault * is going to dirty a page. This function increments number of running page * faults preventing freezing. If the file system is already frozen, the * function waits until the file system is thawed. * * Since page fault freeze protection behaves as a lock, users have to preserve * ordering of freeze protection and other filesystem locks. It is advised to * put sb_start_pagefault() close to mmap_lock in lock ordering. Page fault * handling code implies lock dependency: * * mmap_lock * -> sb_start_pagefault */ static inline void sb_start_pagefault(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_start_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_PAGEFAULT); } /* * sb_start_intwrite - get write access to a superblock for internal fs purposes * @sb: the super we write to * * This is the third level of protection against filesystem freezing. It is * free for use by a filesystem. The only requirement is that it must rank * below sb_start_pagefault. * * For example filesystem can call sb_start_intwrite() when starting a * transaction which somewhat eases handling of freezing for internal sources * of filesystem changes (internal fs threads, discarding preallocation on file * close, etc.). */ static inline void sb_start_intwrite(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_start_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_FS); } static inline bool sb_start_intwrite_trylock(struct super_block *sb) { return __sb_start_write_trylock(sb, SB_FREEZE_FS); } extern bool inode_owner_or_capable(const struct inode *inode); /* * VFS helper functions.. */ extern int vfs_create(struct inode *, struct dentry *, umode_t, bool); extern int vfs_mkdir(struct inode *, struct dentry *, umode_t); extern int vfs_mknod(struct inode *, struct dentry *, umode_t, dev_t); extern int vfs_symlink(struct inode *, struct dentry *, const char *); extern int vfs_link(struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode **); extern int vfs_rmdir(struct inode *, struct dentry *); extern int vfs_unlink(struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode **); extern int vfs_rename(struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode **, unsigned int); static inline int vfs_whiteout(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry) { return vfs_mknod(dir, dentry, S_IFCHR | WHITEOUT_MODE, WHITEOUT_DEV); } extern struct dentry *vfs_tmpfile(struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode, int open_flag); int vfs_mkobj(struct dentry *, umode_t, int (*f)(struct dentry *, umode_t, void *), void *); int vfs_fchown(struct file *file, uid_t user, gid_t group); int vfs_fchmod(struct file *file, umode_t mode); int vfs_utimes(const struct path *path, struct timespec64 *times); extern long vfs_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT extern long compat_ptr_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); #else #define compat_ptr_ioctl NULL #endif /* * VFS file helper functions. */ extern void inode_init_owner(struct inode *inode, const struct inode *dir, umode_t mode); extern bool may_open_dev(const struct path *path); /* * This is the "filldir" function type, used by readdir() to let * the kernel specify what kind of dirent layout it wants to have. * This allows the kernel to read directories into kernel space or * to have different dirent layouts depending on the binary type. */ struct dir_context; typedef int (*filldir_t)(struct dir_context *, const char *, int, loff_t, u64, unsigned); struct dir_context { filldir_t actor; loff_t pos; }; /* * These flags let !MMU mmap() govern direct device mapping vs immediate * copying more easily for MAP_PRIVATE, especially for ROM filesystems. * * NOMMU_MAP_COPY: Copy can be mapped (MAP_PRIVATE) * NOMMU_MAP_DIRECT: Can be mapped directly (MAP_SHARED) * NOMMU_MAP_READ: Can be mapped for reading * NOMMU_MAP_WRITE: Can be mapped for writing * NOMMU_MAP_EXEC: Can be mapped for execution */ #define NOMMU_MAP_COPY 0x00000001 #define NOMMU_MAP_DIRECT 0x00000008 #define NOMMU_MAP_READ VM_MAYREAD #define NOMMU_MAP_WRITE VM_MAYWRITE #define NOMMU_MAP_EXEC VM_MAYEXEC #define NOMMU_VMFLAGS \ (NOMMU_MAP_READ | NOMMU_MAP_WRITE | NOMMU_MAP_EXEC) /* * These flags control the behavior of the remap_file_range function pointer. * If it is called with len == 0 that means "remap to end of source file". * See Documentation/filesystems/vfs.rst for more details about this call. * * REMAP_FILE_DEDUP: only remap if contents identical (i.e. deduplicate) * REMAP_FILE_CAN_SHORTEN: caller can handle a shortened request */ #define REMAP_FILE_DEDUP (1 << 0) #define REMAP_FILE_CAN_SHORTEN (1 << 1) /* * These flags signal that the caller is ok with altering various aspects of * the behavior of the remap operation. The changes must be made by the * implementation; the vfs remap helper functions can take advantage of them. * Flags in this category exist to preserve the quirky behavior of the hoisted * btrfs clone/dedupe ioctls. */ #define REMAP_FILE_ADVISORY (REMAP_FILE_CAN_SHORTEN) struct iov_iter; struct file_operations { struct module *owner; loff_t (*llseek) (struct file *, loff_t, int); ssize_t (*read) (struct file *, char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); ssize_t (*write) (struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); ssize_t (*read_iter) (struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); ssize_t (*write_iter) (struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); int (*iopoll)(struct kiocb *kiocb, bool spin); int (*iterate) (struct file *, struct dir_context *); int (*iterate_shared) (struct file *, struct dir_context *); __poll_t (*poll) (struct file *, struct poll_table_struct *); long (*unlocked_ioctl) (struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long); long (*compat_ioctl) (struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long); int (*mmap) (struct file *, struct vm_area_struct *); unsigned long mmap_supported_flags; int (*open) (struct inode *, struct file *); int (*flush) (struct file *, fl_owner_t id); int (*release) (struct inode *, struct file *); int (*fsync) (struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int datasync); int (*fasync) (int, struct file *, int); int (*lock) (struct file *, int, struct file_lock *); ssize_t (*sendpage) (struct file *, struct page *, int, size_t, loff_t *, int); unsigned long (*get_unmapped_area)(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); int (*check_flags)(int); int (*flock) (struct file *, int, struct file_lock *); ssize_t (*splice_write)(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct file *, loff_t *, size_t, unsigned int); ssize_t (*splice_read)(struct file *, loff_t *, struct pipe_inode_info *, size_t, unsigned int); int (*setlease)(struct file *, long, struct file_lock **, void **); long (*fallocate)(struct file *file, int mode, loff_t offset, loff_t len); void (*show_fdinfo)(struct seq_file *m, struct file *f); #ifndef CONFIG_MMU unsigned (*mmap_capabilities)(struct file *); #endif ssize_t (*copy_file_range)(struct file *, loff_t, struct file *, loff_t, size_t, unsigned int); loff_t (*remap_file_range)(struct file *file_in, loff_t pos_in, struct file *file_out, loff_t pos_out, loff_t len, unsigned int remap_flags); int (*fadvise)(struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int); } __randomize_layout; struct inode_operations { struct dentry * (*lookup) (struct inode *,struct dentry *, unsigned int); const char * (*get_link) (struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct delayed_call *); int (*permission) (struct inode *, int); struct posix_acl * (*get_acl)(struct inode *, int); int (*readlink) (struct dentry *, char __user *,int); int (*create) (struct inode *,struct dentry *, umode_t, bool); int (*link) (struct dentry *,struct inode *,struct dentry *); int (*unlink) (struct inode *,struct dentry *); int (*symlink) (struct inode *,struct dentry *,const char *); int (*mkdir) (struct inode *,struct dentry *,umode_t); int (*rmdir) (struct inode *,struct dentry *); int (*mknod) (struct inode *,struct dentry *,umode_t,dev_t); int (*rename) (struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct dentry *, unsigned int); int (*setattr) (struct dentry *, struct iattr *); int (*getattr) (const struct path *, struct kstat *, u32, unsigned int); ssize_t (*listxattr) (struct dentry *, char *, size_t); int (*fiemap)(struct inode *, struct fiemap_extent_info *, u64 start, u64 len); int (*update_time)(struct inode *, struct timespec64 *, int); int (*atomic_open)(struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct file *, unsigned open_flag, umode_t create_mode); int (*tmpfile) (struct inode *, struct dentry *, umode_t); int (*set_acl)(struct inode *, struct posix_acl *, int); } ____cacheline_aligned; static inline ssize_t call_read_iter(struct file *file, struct kiocb *kio, struct iov_iter *iter) { return file->f_op->read_iter(kio, iter); } static inline ssize_t call_write_iter(struct file *file, struct kiocb *kio, struct iov_iter *iter) { return file->f_op->write_iter(kio, iter); } static inline int call_mmap(struct file *file, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return file->f_op->mmap(file, vma); } extern ssize_t vfs_read(struct file *, char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern ssize_t vfs_write(struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern ssize_t vfs_copy_file_range(struct file *, loff_t , struct file *, loff_t, size_t, unsigned int); extern ssize_t generic_copy_file_range(struct file *file_in, loff_t pos_in, struct file *file_out, loff_t pos_out, size_t len, unsigned int flags); extern int generic_remap_file_range_prep(struct file *file_in, loff_t pos_in, struct file *file_out, loff_t pos_out, loff_t *count, unsigned int remap_flags); extern loff_t do_clone_file_range(struct file *file_in, loff_t pos_in, struct file *file_out, loff_t pos_out, loff_t len, unsigned int remap_flags); extern loff_t vfs_clone_file_range(struct file *file_in, loff_t pos_in, struct file *file_out, loff_t pos_out, loff_t len, unsigned int remap_flags); extern int vfs_dedupe_file_range(struct file *file, struct file_dedupe_range *same); extern loff_t vfs_dedupe_file_range_one(struct file *src_file, loff_t src_pos, struct file *dst_file, loff_t dst_pos, loff_t len, unsigned int remap_flags); struct super_operations { struct inode *(*alloc_inode)(struct super_block *sb); void (*destroy_inode)(struct inode *); void (*free_inode)(struct inode *); void (*dirty_inode) (struct inode *, int flags); int (*write_inode) (struct inode *, struct writeback_control *wbc); int (*drop_inode) (struct inode *); void (*evict_inode) (struct inode *); void (*put_super) (struct super_block *); int (*sync_fs)(struct super_block *sb, int wait); int (*freeze_super) (struct super_block *); int (*freeze_fs) (struct super_block *); int (*thaw_super) (struct super_block *); int (*unfreeze_fs) (struct super_block *); int (*statfs) (struct dentry *, struct kstatfs *); int (*remount_fs) (struct super_block *, int *, char *); void (*umount_begin) (struct super_block *); int (*show_options)(struct seq_file *, struct dentry *); int (*show_devname)(struct seq_file *, struct dentry *); int (*show_path)(struct seq_file *, struct dentry *); int (*show_stats)(struct seq_file *, struct dentry *); #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA ssize_t (*quota_read)(struct super_block *, int, char *, size_t, loff_t); ssize_t (*quota_write)(struct super_block *, int, const char *, size_t, loff_t); struct dquot **(*get_dquots)(struct inode *); #endif int (*bdev_try_to_free_page)(struct super_block*, struct page*, gfp_t); long (*nr_cached_objects)(struct super_block *, struct shrink_control *); long (*free_cached_objects)(struct super_block *, struct shrink_control *); }; /* * Inode flags - they have no relation to superblock flags now */ #define S_SYNC (1 << 0) /* Writes are synced at once */ #define S_NOATIME (1 << 1) /* Do not update access times */ #define S_APPEND (1 << 2) /* Append-only file */ #define S_IMMUTABLE (1 << 3) /* Immutable file */ #define S_DEAD (1 << 4) /* removed, but still open directory */ #define S_NOQUOTA (1 << 5) /* Inode is not counted to quota */ #define S_DIRSYNC (1 << 6) /* Directory modifications are synchronous */ #define S_NOCMTIME (1 << 7) /* Do not update file c/mtime */ #define S_SWAPFILE (1 << 8) /* Do not truncate: swapon got its bmaps */ #define S_PRIVATE (1 << 9) /* Inode is fs-internal */ #define S_IMA (1 << 10) /* Inode has an associated IMA struct */ #define S_AUTOMOUNT (1 << 11) /* Automount/referral quasi-directory */ #define S_NOSEC (1 << 12) /* no suid or xattr security attributes */ #ifdef CONFIG_FS_DAX #define S_DAX (1 << 13) /* Direct Access, avoiding the page cache */ #else #define S_DAX 0 /* Make all the DAX code disappear */ #endif #define S_ENCRYPTED (1 << 14) /* Encrypted file (using fs/crypto/) */ #define S_CASEFOLD (1 << 15) /* Casefolded file */ #define S_VERITY (1 << 16) /* Verity file (using fs/verity/) */ /* * Note that nosuid etc flags are inode-specific: setting some file-system * flags just means all the inodes inherit those flags by default. It might be * possible to override it selectively if you really wanted to with some * ioctl() that is not currently implemented. * * Exception: SB_RDONLY is always applied to the entire file system. * * Unfortunately, it is possible to change a filesystems flags with it mounted * with files in use. This means that all of the inodes will not have their * i_flags updated. Hence, i_flags no longer inherit the superblock mount * flags, so these have to be checked separately. -- rmk@arm.uk.linux.org */ #define __IS_FLG(inode, flg) ((inode)->i_sb->s_flags & (flg)) static inline bool sb_rdonly(const struct super_block *sb) { return sb->s_flags & SB_RDONLY; } #define IS_RDONLY(inode) sb_rdonly((inode)->i_sb) #define IS_SYNC(inode) (__IS_FLG(inode, SB_SYNCHRONOUS) || \ ((inode)->i_flags & S_SYNC)) #define IS_DIRSYNC(inode) (__IS_FLG(inode, SB_SYNCHRONOUS|SB_DIRSYNC) || \ ((inode)->i_flags & (S_SYNC|S_DIRSYNC))) #define IS_MANDLOCK(inode) __IS_FLG(inode, SB_MANDLOCK) #define IS_NOATIME(inode) __IS_FLG(inode, SB_RDONLY|SB_NOATIME) #define IS_I_VERSION(inode) __IS_FLG(inode, SB_I_VERSION) #define IS_NOQUOTA(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_NOQUOTA) #define IS_APPEND(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_APPEND) #define IS_IMMUTABLE(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_IMMUTABLE) #define IS_POSIXACL(inode) __IS_FLG(inode, SB_POSIXACL) #define IS_DEADDIR(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_DEAD) #define IS_NOCMTIME(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_NOCMTIME) #define IS_SWAPFILE(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_SWAPFILE) #define IS_PRIVATE(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_PRIVATE) #define IS_IMA(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_IMA) #define IS_AUTOMOUNT(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_AUTOMOUNT) #define IS_NOSEC(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_NOSEC) #define IS_DAX(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_DAX) #define IS_ENCRYPTED(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_ENCRYPTED) #define IS_CASEFOLDED(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_CASEFOLD) #define IS_VERITY(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_VERITY) #define IS_WHITEOUT(inode) (S_ISCHR(inode->i_mode) && \ (inode)->i_rdev == WHITEOUT_DEV) static inline bool HAS_UNMAPPED_ID(struct inode *inode) { return !uid_valid(inode->i_uid) || !gid_valid(inode->i_gid); } static inline enum rw_hint file_write_hint(struct file *file) { if (file->f_write_hint != WRITE_LIFE_NOT_SET) return file->f_write_hint; return file_inode(file)->i_write_hint; } static inline int iocb_flags(struct file *file); static inline u16 ki_hint_validate(enum rw_hint hint) { typeof(((struct kiocb *)0)->ki_hint) max_hint = -1; if (hint <= max_hint) return hint; return 0; } static inline void init_sync_kiocb(struct kiocb *kiocb, struct file *filp) { *kiocb = (struct kiocb) { .ki_filp = filp, .ki_flags = iocb_flags(filp), .ki_hint = ki_hint_validate(file_write_hint(filp)), .ki_ioprio = get_current_ioprio(), }; } static inline void kiocb_clone(struct kiocb *kiocb, struct kiocb *kiocb_src, struct file *filp) { *kiocb = (struct kiocb) { .ki_filp = filp, .ki_flags = kiocb_src->ki_flags, .ki_hint = kiocb_src->ki_hint, .ki_ioprio = kiocb_src->ki_ioprio, .ki_pos = kiocb_src->ki_pos, }; } /* * Inode state bits. Protected by inode->i_lock * * Three bits determine the dirty state of the inode, I_DIRTY_SYNC, * I_DIRTY_DATASYNC and I_DIRTY_PAGES. * * Four bits define the lifetime of an inode. Initially, inodes are I_NEW, * until that flag is cleared. I_WILL_FREE, I_FREEING and I_CLEAR are set at * various stages of removing an inode. * * Two bits are used for locking and completion notification, I_NEW and I_SYNC. * * I_DIRTY_SYNC Inode is dirty, but doesn't have to be written on * fdatasync(). i_atime is the usual cause. * I_DIRTY_DATASYNC Data-related inode changes pending. We keep track of * these changes separately from I_DIRTY_SYNC so that we * don't have to write inode on fdatasync() when only * mtime has changed in it. * I_DIRTY_PAGES Inode has dirty pages. Inode itself may be clean. * I_NEW Serves as both a mutex and completion notification. * New inodes set I_NEW. If two processes both create * the same inode, one of them will release its inode and * wait for I_NEW to be released before returning. * Inodes in I_WILL_FREE, I_FREEING or I_CLEAR state can * also cause waiting on I_NEW, without I_NEW actually * being set. find_inode() uses this to prevent returning * nearly-dead inodes. * I_WILL_FREE Must be set when calling write_inode_now() if i_count * is zero. I_FREEING must be set when I_WILL_FREE is * cleared. * I_FREEING Set when inode is about to be freed but still has dirty * pages or buffers attached or the inode itself is still * dirty. * I_CLEAR Added by clear_inode(). In this state the inode is * clean and can be destroyed. Inode keeps I_FREEING. * * Inodes that are I_WILL_FREE, I_FREEING or I_CLEAR are * prohibited for many purposes. iget() must wait for * the inode to be completely released, then create it * anew. Other functions will just ignore such inodes, * if appropriate. I_NEW is used for waiting. * * I_SYNC Writeback of inode is running. The bit is set during * data writeback, and cleared with a wakeup on the bit * address once it is done. The bit is also used to pin * the inode in memory for flusher thread. * * I_REFERENCED Marks the inode as recently references on the LRU list. * * I_DIO_WAKEUP Never set. Only used as a key for wait_on_bit(). * * I_WB_SWITCH Cgroup bdi_writeback switching in progress. Used to * synchronize competing switching instances and to tell * wb stat updates to grab the i_pages lock. See * inode_switch_wbs_work_fn() for details. * * I_OVL_INUSE Used by overlayfs to get exclusive ownership on upper * and work dirs among overlayfs mounts. * * I_CREATING New object's inode in the middle of setting up. * * I_DONTCACHE Evict inode as soon as it is not used anymore. * * I_SYNC_QUEUED Inode is queued in b_io or b_more_io writeback lists. * Used to detect that mark_inode_dirty() should not move * inode between dirty lists. * * Q: What is the difference between I_WILL_FREE and I_FREEING? */ #define I_DIRTY_SYNC (1 << 0) #define I_DIRTY_DATASYNC (1 << 1) #define I_DIRTY_PAGES (1 << 2) #define __I_NEW 3 #define I_NEW (1 << __I_NEW) #define I_WILL_FREE (1 << 4) #define I_FREEING (1 << 5) #define I_CLEAR (1 << 6) #define __I_SYNC 7 #define I_SYNC (1 << __I_SYNC) #define I_REFERENCED (1 << 8) #define __I_DIO_WAKEUP 9 #define I_DIO_WAKEUP (1 << __I_DIO_WAKEUP) #define I_LINKABLE (1 << 10) #define I_DIRTY_TIME (1 << 11) #define I_WB_SWITCH (1 << 13) #define I_OVL_INUSE (1 << 14) #define I_CREATING (1 << 15) #define I_DONTCACHE (1 << 16) #define I_SYNC_QUEUED (1 << 17) #define I_DIRTY_INODE (I_DIRTY_SYNC | I_DIRTY_DATASYNC) #define I_DIRTY (I_DIRTY_INODE | I_DIRTY_PAGES) #define I_DIRTY_ALL (I_DIRTY | I_DIRTY_TIME) extern void __mark_inode_dirty(struct inode *, int); static inline void mark_inode_dirty(struct inode *inode) { __mark_inode_dirty(inode, I_DIRTY); } static inline void mark_inode_dirty_sync(struct inode *inode) { __mark_inode_dirty(inode, I_DIRTY_SYNC); } extern void inc_nlink(struct inode *inode); extern void drop_nlink(struct inode *inode); extern void clear_nlink(struct inode *inode); extern void set_nlink(struct inode *inode, unsigned int nlink); static inline void inode_inc_link_count(struct inode *inode) { inc_nlink(inode); mark_inode_dirty(inode); } static inline void inode_dec_link_count(struct inode *inode) { drop_nlink(inode); mark_inode_dirty(inode); } enum file_time_flags { S_ATIME = 1, S_MTIME = 2, S_CTIME = 4, S_VERSION = 8, }; extern bool atime_needs_update(const struct path *, struct inode *); extern void touch_atime(const struct path *); int inode_update_time(struct inode *inode, struct timespec64 *time, int flags); static inline void file_accessed(struct file *file) { if (!(file->f_flags & O_NOATIME)) touch_atime(&file->f_path); } extern int file_modified(struct file *file); int sync_inode(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc); int sync_inode_metadata(struct inode *inode, int wait); struct file_system_type { const char *name; int fs_flags; #define FS_REQUIRES_DEV 1 #define FS_BINARY_MOUNTDATA 2 #define FS_HAS_SUBTYPE 4 #define FS_USERNS_MOUNT 8 /* Can be mounted by userns root */ #define FS_DISALLOW_NOTIFY_PERM 16 /* Disable fanotify permission events */ #define FS_THP_SUPPORT 8192 /* Remove once all fs converted */ #define FS_RENAME_DOES_D_MOVE 32768 /* FS will handle d_move() during rename() internally. */ int (*init_fs_context)(struct fs_context *); const struct fs_parameter_spec *parameters; struct dentry *(*mount) (struct file_system_type *, int, const char *, void *); void (*kill_sb) (struct super_block *); struct module *owner; struct file_system_type * next; struct hlist_head fs_supers; struct lock_class_key s_lock_key; struct lock_class_key s_umount_key; struct lock_class_key s_vfs_rename_key; struct lock_class_key s_writers_key[SB_FREEZE_LEVELS]; struct lock_class_key i_lock_key; struct lock_class_key i_mutex_key; struct lock_class_key i_mutex_dir_key; }; #define MODULE_ALIAS_FS(NAME) MODULE_ALIAS("fs-" NAME) extern struct dentry *mount_bdev(struct file_system_type *fs_type, int flags, const char *dev_name, void *data, int (*fill_super)(struct super_block *, void *, int)); extern struct dentry *mount_single(struct file_system_type *fs_type, int flags, void *data, int (*fill_super)(struct super_block *, void *, int)); extern struct dentry *mount_nodev(struct file_system_type *fs_type, int flags, void *data, int (*fill_super)(struct super_block *, void *, int)); extern struct dentry *mount_subtree(struct vfsmount *mnt, const char *path); void generic_shutdown_super(struct super_block *sb); void kill_block_super(struct super_block *sb); void kill_anon_super(struct super_block *sb); void kill_litter_super(struct super_block *sb); void deactivate_super(struct super_block *sb); void deactivate_locked_super(struct super_block *sb); int set_anon_super(struct super_block *s, void *data); int set_anon_super_fc(struct super_block *s, struct fs_context *fc); int get_anon_bdev(dev_t *); void free_anon_bdev(dev_t); struct super_block *sget_fc(struct fs_context *fc, int (*test)(struct super_block *, struct fs_context *), int (*set)(struct super_block *, struct fs_context *)); struct super_block *sget(struct file_system_type *type, int (*test)(struct super_block *,void *), int (*set)(struct super_block *,void *), int flags, void *data); /* Alas, no aliases. Too much hassle with bringing module.h everywhere */ #define fops_get(fops) \ (((fops) && try_module_get((fops)->owner) ? (fops) : NULL)) #define fops_put(fops) \ do { if (fops) module_put((fops)->owner); } while(0) /* * This one is to be used *ONLY* from ->open() instances. * fops must be non-NULL, pinned down *and* module dependencies * should be sufficient to pin the caller down as well. */ #define replace_fops(f, fops) \ do { \ struct file *__file = (f); \ fops_put(__file->f_op); \ BUG_ON(!(__file->f_op = (fops))); \ } while(0) extern int register_filesystem(struct file_system_type *); extern int unregister_filesystem(struct file_system_type *); extern struct vfsmount *kern_mount(struct file_system_type *); extern void kern_unmount(struct vfsmount *mnt); extern int may_umount_tree(struct vfsmount *); extern int may_umount(struct vfsmount *); extern long do_mount(const char *, const char __user *, const char *, unsigned long, void *); extern struct vfsmount *collect_mounts(const struct path *); extern void drop_collected_mounts(struct vfsmount *); extern int iterate_mounts(int (*)(struct vfsmount *, void *), void *, struct vfsmount *); extern int vfs_statfs(const struct path *, struct kstatfs *); extern int user_statfs(const char __user *, struct kstatfs *); extern int fd_statfs(int, struct kstatfs *); extern int freeze_super(struct super_block *super); extern int thaw_super(struct super_block *super); extern bool our_mnt(struct vfsmount *mnt); extern __printf(2, 3) int super_setup_bdi_name(struct super_block *sb, char *fmt, ...); extern int super_setup_bdi(struct super_block *sb); extern int current_umask(void); extern void ihold(struct inode * inode); extern void iput(struct inode *); extern int generic_update_time(struct inode *, struct timespec64 *, int); /* /sys/fs */ extern struct kobject *fs_kobj; #define MAX_RW_COUNT (INT_MAX & PAGE_MASK) #ifdef CONFIG_MANDATORY_FILE_LOCKING extern int locks_mandatory_locked(struct file *); extern int locks_mandatory_area(struct inode *, struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, unsigned char); /* * Candidates for mandatory locking have the setgid bit set * but no group execute bit - an otherwise meaningless combination. */ static inline int __mandatory_lock(struct inode *ino) { return (ino->i_mode & (S_ISGID | S_IXGRP)) == S_ISGID; } /* * ... and these candidates should be on SB_MANDLOCK mounted fs, * otherwise these will be advisory locks */ static inline int mandatory_lock(struct inode *ino) { return IS_MANDLOCK(ino) && __mandatory_lock(ino); } static inline int locks_verify_locked(struct file *file) { if (mandatory_lock(locks_inode(file))) return locks_mandatory_locked(file); return 0; } static inline int locks_verify_truncate(struct inode *inode, struct file *f, loff_t size) { if (!inode->i_flctx || !mandatory_lock(inode)) return 0; if (size < inode->i_size) { return locks_mandatory_area(inode, f, size, inode->i_size - 1, F_WRLCK); } else { return locks_mandatory_area(inode, f, inode->i_size, size - 1, F_WRLCK); } } #else /* !CONFIG_MANDATORY_FILE_LOCKING */ static inline int locks_mandatory_locked(struct file *file) { return 0; } static inline int locks_mandatory_area(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp, loff_t start, loff_t end, unsigned char type) { return 0; } static inline int __mandatory_lock(struct inode *inode) { return 0; } static inline int mandatory_lock(struct inode *inode) { return 0; } static inline int locks_verify_locked(struct file *file) { return 0; } static inline int locks_verify_truncate(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp, size_t size) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_MANDATORY_FILE_LOCKING */ #ifdef CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING static inline int break_lease(struct inode *inode, unsigned int mode) { /* * Since this check is lockless, we must ensure that any refcounts * taken are done before checking i_flctx->flc_lease. Otherwise, we * could end up racing with tasks trying to set a new lease on this * file. */ smp_mb(); if (inode->i_flctx && !list_empty_careful(&inode->i_flctx->flc_lease)) return __break_lease(inode, mode, FL_LEASE); return 0; } static inline int break_deleg(struct inode *inode, unsigned int mode) { /* * Since this check is lockless, we must ensure that any refcounts * taken are done before checking i_flctx->flc_lease. Otherwise, we * could end up racing with tasks trying to set a new lease on this * file. */ smp_mb(); if (inode->i_flctx && !list_empty_careful(&inode->i_flctx->flc_lease)) return __break_lease(inode, mode, FL_DELEG); return 0; } static inline int try_break_deleg(struct inode *inode, struct inode **delegated_inode) { int ret; ret = break_deleg(inode, O_WRONLY|O_NONBLOCK); if (ret == -EWOULDBLOCK && delegated_inode) { *delegated_inode = inode; ihold(inode); } return ret; } static inline int break_deleg_wait(struct inode **delegated_inode) { int ret; ret = break_deleg(*delegated_inode, O_WRONLY); iput(*delegated_inode); *delegated_inode = NULL; return ret; } static inline int break_layout(struct inode *inode, bool wait) { smp_mb(); if (inode->i_flctx && !list_empty_careful(&inode->i_flctx->flc_lease)) return __break_lease(inode, wait ? O_WRONLY : O_WRONLY | O_NONBLOCK, FL_LAYOUT); return 0; } #else /* !CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING */ static inline int break_lease(struct inode *inode, unsigned int mode) { return 0; } static inline int break_deleg(struct inode *inode, unsigned int mode) { return 0; } static inline int try_break_deleg(struct inode *inode, struct inode **delegated_inode) { return 0; } static inline int break_deleg_wait(struct inode **delegated_inode) { BUG(); return 0; } static inline int break_layout(struct inode *inode, bool wait) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING */ /* fs/open.c */ struct audit_names; struct filename { const char *name; /* pointer to actual string */ const __user char *uptr; /* original userland pointer */ int refcnt; struct audit_names *aname; const char iname[]; }; static_assert(offsetof(struct filename, iname) % sizeof(long) == 0); extern long vfs_truncate(const struct path *, loff_t); extern int do_truncate(struct dentry *, loff_t start, unsigned int time_attrs, struct file *filp); extern int vfs_fallocate(struct file *file, int mode, loff_t offset, loff_t len); extern long do_sys_open(int dfd, const char __user *filename, int flags, umode_t mode); extern struct file *file_open_name(struct filename *, int, umode_t); extern struct file *filp_open(const char *, int, umode_t); extern struct file *file_open_root(struct dentry *, struct vfsmount *, const char *, int, umode_t); extern struct file * dentry_open(const struct path *, int, const struct cred *); extern struct file * open_with_fake_path(const struct path *, int, struct inode*, const struct cred *); static inline struct file *file_clone_open(struct file *file) { return dentry_open(&file->f_path, file->f_flags, file->f_cred); } extern int filp_close(struct file *, fl_owner_t id); extern struct filename *getname_flags(const char __user *, int, int *); extern struct filename *getname(const char __user *); extern struct filename *getname_kernel(const char *); extern void putname(struct filename *name); extern int finish_open(struct file *file, struct dentry *dentry, int (*open)(struct inode *, struct file *)); extern int finish_no_open(struct file *file, struct dentry *dentry); /* fs/dcache.c */ extern void __init vfs_caches_init_early(void); extern void __init vfs_caches_init(void); extern struct kmem_cache *names_cachep; #define __getname() kmem_cache_alloc(names_cachep, GFP_KERNEL) #define __putname(name) kmem_cache_free(names_cachep, (void *)(name)) extern struct super_block *blockdev_superblock; static inline bool sb_is_blkdev_sb(struct super_block *sb) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BLOCK) && sb == blockdev_superblock; } void emergency_thaw_all(void); extern int sync_filesystem(struct super_block *); extern const struct file_operations def_blk_fops; extern const struct file_operations def_chr_fops; /* fs/char_dev.c */ #define CHRDEV_MAJOR_MAX 512 /* Marks the bottom of the first segment of free char majors */ #define CHRDEV_MAJOR_DYN_END 234 /* Marks the top and bottom of the second segment of free char majors */ #define CHRDEV_MAJOR_DYN_EXT_START 511 #define CHRDEV_MAJOR_DYN_EXT_END 384 extern int alloc_chrdev_region(dev_t *, unsigned, unsigned, const char *); extern int register_chrdev_region(dev_t, unsigned, const char *); extern int __register_chrdev(unsigned int major, unsigned int baseminor, unsigned int count, const char *name, const struct file_operations *fops); extern void __unregister_chrdev(unsigned int major, unsigned int baseminor, unsigned int count, const char *name); extern void unregister_chrdev_region(dev_t, unsigned); extern void chrdev_show(struct seq_file *,off_t); static inline int register_chrdev(unsigned int major, const char *name, const struct file_operations *fops) { return __register_chrdev(major, 0, 256, name, fops); } static inline void unregister_chrdev(unsigned int major, const char *name) { __unregister_chrdev(major, 0, 256, name); } extern void init_special_inode(struct inode *, umode_t, dev_t); /* Invalid inode operations -- fs/bad_inode.c */ extern void make_bad_inode(struct inode *); extern bool is_bad_inode(struct inode *); unsigned long invalidate_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t end); void invalidate_mapping_pagevec(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t end, unsigned long *nr_pagevec); static inline void invalidate_remote_inode(struct inode *inode) { if (S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) || S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode) || S_ISLNK(inode->i_mode)) invalidate_mapping_pages(inode->i_mapping, 0, -1); } extern int invalidate_inode_pages2(struct address_space *mapping); extern int invalidate_inode_pages2_range(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t end); extern int write_inode_now(struct inode *, int); extern int filemap_fdatawrite(struct address_space *); extern int filemap_flush(struct address_space *); extern int filemap_fdatawait_keep_errors(struct address_space *mapping); extern int filemap_fdatawait_range(struct address_space *, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); extern int filemap_fdatawait_range_keep_errors(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start_byte, loff_t end_byte); static inline int filemap_fdatawait(struct address_space *mapping) { return filemap_fdatawait_range(mapping, 0, LLONG_MAX); } extern bool filemap_range_has_page(struct address_space *, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); extern int filemap_write_and_wait_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); extern int __filemap_fdatawrite_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start, loff_t end, int sync_mode); extern int filemap_fdatawrite_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start, loff_t end); extern int filemap_check_errors(struct address_space *mapping); extern void __filemap_set_wb_err(struct address_space *mapping, int err); static inline int filemap_write_and_wait(struct address_space *mapping) { return filemap_write_and_wait_range(mapping, 0, LLONG_MAX); } extern int __must_check file_fdatawait_range(struct file *file, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); extern int __must_check file_check_and_advance_wb_err(struct file *file); extern int __must_check file_write_and_wait_range(struct file *file, loff_t start, loff_t end); static inline int file_write_and_wait(struct file *file) { return file_write_and_wait_range(file, 0, LLONG_MAX); } /** * filemap_set_wb_err - set a writeback error on an address_space * @mapping: mapping in which to set writeback error * @err: error to be set in mapping * * When writeback fails in some way, we must record that error so that * userspace can be informed when fsync and the like are called. We endeavor * to report errors on any file that was open at the time of the error. Some * internal callers also need to know when writeback errors have occurred. * * When a writeback error occurs, most filesystems will want to call * filemap_set_wb_err to record the error in the mapping so that it will be * automatically reported whenever fsync is called on the file. */ static inline void filemap_set_wb_err(struct address_space *mapping, int err) { /* Fastpath for common case of no error */ if (unlikely(err)) __filemap_set_wb_err(mapping, err); } /** * filemap_check_wb_err - has an error occurred since the mark was sampled? * @mapping: mapping to check for writeback errors * @since: previously-sampled errseq_t * * Grab the errseq_t value from the mapping, and see if it has changed "since" * the given value was sampled. * * If it has then report the latest error set, otherwise return 0. */ static inline int filemap_check_wb_err(struct address_space *mapping, errseq_t since) { return errseq_check(&mapping->wb_err, since); } /** * filemap_sample_wb_err - sample the current errseq_t to test for later errors * @mapping: mapping to be sampled * * Writeback errors are always reported relative to a particular sample point * in the past. This function provides those sample points. */ static inline errseq_t filemap_sample_wb_err(struct address_space *mapping) { return errseq_sample(&mapping->wb_err); } /** * file_sample_sb_err - sample the current errseq_t to test for later errors * @file: file pointer to be sampled * * Grab the most current superblock-level errseq_t value for the given * struct file. */ static inline errseq_t file_sample_sb_err(struct file *file) { return errseq_sample(&file->f_path.dentry->d_sb->s_wb_err); } extern int vfs_fsync_range(struct file *file, loff_t start, loff_t end, int datasync); extern int vfs_fsync(struct file *file, int datasync); extern int sync_file_range(struct file *file, loff_t offset, loff_t nbytes, unsigned int flags); /* * Sync the bytes written if this was a synchronous write. Expect ki_pos * to already be updated for the write, and will return either the amount * of bytes passed in, or an error if syncing the file failed. */ static inline ssize_t generic_write_sync(struct kiocb *iocb, ssize_t count) { if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_DSYNC) { int ret = vfs_fsync_range(iocb->ki_filp, iocb->ki_pos - count, iocb->ki_pos - 1, (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_SYNC) ? 0 : 1); if (ret) return ret; } return count; } extern void emergency_sync(void); extern void emergency_remount(void); #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK extern int bmap(struct inode *inode, sector_t *block); #else static inline int bmap(struct inode *inode, sector_t *block) { return -EINVAL; } #endif extern int notify_change(struct dentry *, struct iattr *, struct inode **); extern int inode_permission(struct inode *, int); extern int generic_permission(struct inode *, int); extern int __check_sticky(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode); static inline bool execute_ok(struct inode *inode) { return (inode->i_mode & S_IXUGO) || S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode); } static inline bool inode_wrong_type(const struct inode *inode, umode_t mode) { return (inode->i_mode ^ mode) & S_IFMT; } static inline void file_start_write(struct file *file) { if (!S_ISREG(file_inode(file)->i_mode)) return; sb_start_write(file_inode(file)->i_sb); } static inline bool file_start_write_trylock(struct file *file) { if (!S_ISREG(file_inode(file)->i_mode)) return true; return sb_start_write_trylock(file_inode(file)->i_sb); } static inline void file_end_write(struct file *file) { if (!S_ISREG(file_inode(file)->i_mode)) return; __sb_end_write(file_inode(file)->i_sb, SB_FREEZE_WRITE); } /* * get_write_access() gets write permission for a file. * put_write_access() releases this write permission. * This is used for regular files. * We cannot support write (and maybe mmap read-write shared) accesses and * MAP_DENYWRITE mmappings simultaneously. The i_writecount field of an inode * can have the following values: * 0: no writers, no VM_DENYWRITE mappings * < 0: (-i_writecount) vm_area_structs with VM_DENYWRITE set exist * > 0: (i_writecount) users are writing to the file. * * Normally we operate on that counter with atomic_{inc,dec} and it's safe * except for the cases where we don't hold i_writecount yet. Then we need to * use {get,deny}_write_access() - these functions check the sign and refuse * to do the change if sign is wrong. */ static inline int get_write_access(struct inode *inode) { return atomic_inc_unless_negative(&inode->i_writecount) ? 0 : -ETXTBSY; } static inline int deny_write_access(struct file *file) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(file); return atomic_dec_unless_positive(&inode->i_writecount) ? 0 : -ETXTBSY; } static inline void put_write_access(struct inode * inode) { atomic_dec(&inode->i_writecount); } static inline void allow_write_access(struct file *file) { if (file) atomic_inc(&file_inode(file)->i_writecount); } static inline bool inode_is_open_for_write(const struct inode *inode) { return atomic_read(&inode->i_writecount) > 0; } #if defined(CONFIG_IMA) || defined(CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING) static inline void i_readcount_dec(struct inode *inode) { BUG_ON(!atomic_read(&inode->i_readcount)); atomic_dec(&inode->i_readcount); } static inline void i_readcount_inc(struct inode *inode) { atomic_inc(&inode->i_readcount); } #else static inline void i_readcount_dec(struct inode *inode) { return; } static inline void i_readcount_inc(struct inode *inode) { return; } #endif extern int do_pipe_flags(int *, int); extern ssize_t kernel_read(struct file *, void *, size_t, loff_t *); ssize_t __kernel_read(struct file *file, void *buf, size_t count, loff_t *pos); extern ssize_t kernel_write(struct file *, const void *, size_t, loff_t *); extern ssize_t __kernel_write(struct file *, const void *, size_t, loff_t *); extern struct file * open_exec(const char *); /* fs/dcache.c -- generic fs support functions */ extern bool is_subdir(struct dentry *, struct dentry *); extern bool path_is_under(const struct path *, const struct path *); extern char *file_path(struct file *, char *, int); #include <linux/err.h> /* needed for stackable file system support */ extern loff_t default_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence); extern loff_t vfs_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence); extern int inode_init_always(struct super_block *, struct inode *); extern void inode_init_once(struct inode *); extern void address_space_init_once(struct address_space *mapping); extern struct inode * igrab(struct inode *); extern ino_t iunique(struct super_block *, ino_t); extern int inode_needs_sync(struct inode *inode); extern int generic_delete_inode(struct inode *inode); static inline int generic_drop_inode(struct inode *inode) { return !inode->i_nlink || inode_unhashed(inode); } extern void d_mark_dontcache(struct inode *inode); extern struct inode *ilookup5_nowait(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long hashval, int (*test)(struct inode *, void *), void *data); extern struct inode *ilookup5(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long hashval, int (*test)(struct inode *, void *), void *data); extern struct inode *ilookup(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long ino); extern struct inode *inode_insert5(struct inode *inode, unsigned long hashval, int (*test)(struct inode *, void *), int (*set)(struct inode *, void *), void *data); extern struct inode * iget5_locked(struct super_block *, unsigned long, int (*test)(struct inode *, void *), int (*set)(struct inode *, void *), void *); extern struct inode * iget_locked(struct super_block *, unsigned long); extern struct inode *find_inode_nowait(struct super_block *, unsigned long, int (*match)(struct inode *, unsigned long, void *), void *data); extern struct inode *find_inode_rcu(struct super_block *, unsigned long, int (*)(struct inode *, void *), void *); extern struct inode *find_inode_by_ino_rcu(struct super_block *, unsigned long); extern int insert_inode_locked4(struct inode *, unsigned long, int (*test)(struct inode *, void *), void *); extern int insert_inode_locked(struct inode *); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC extern void lockdep_annotate_inode_mutex_key(struct inode *inode); #else static inline void lockdep_annotate_inode_mutex_key(struct inode *inode) { }; #endif extern void unlock_new_inode(struct inode *); extern void discard_new_inode(struct inode *); extern unsigned int get_next_ino(void); extern void evict_inodes(struct super_block *sb); /* * Userspace may rely on the the inode number being non-zero. For example, glibc * simply ignores files with zero i_ino in unlink() and other places. * * As an additional complication, if userspace was compiled with * _FILE_OFFSET_BITS=32 on a 64-bit kernel we'll only end up reading out the * lower 32 bits, so we need to check that those aren't zero explicitly. With * _FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64, this may cause some harmless false-negatives, but * better safe than sorry. */ static inline bool is_zero_ino(ino_t ino) { return (u32)ino == 0; } extern void __iget(struct inode * inode); extern void iget_failed(struct inode *); extern void clear_inode(struct inode *); extern void __destroy_inode(struct inode *); extern struct inode *new_inode_pseudo(struct super_block *sb); extern struct inode *new_inode(struct super_block *sb); extern void free_inode_nonrcu(struct inode *inode); extern int should_remove_suid(struct dentry *); extern int file_remove_privs(struct file *); extern void __insert_inode_hash(struct inode *, unsigned long hashval); static inline void insert_inode_hash(struct inode *inode) { __insert_inode_hash(inode, inode->i_ino); } extern void __remove_inode_hash(struct inode *); static inline void remove_inode_hash(struct inode *inode) { if (!inode_unhashed(inode) && !hlist_fake(&inode->i_hash)) __remove_inode_hash(inode); } extern void inode_sb_list_add(struct inode *inode); extern int sb_set_blocksize(struct super_block *, int); extern int sb_min_blocksize(struct super_block *, int); extern int generic_file_mmap(struct file *, struct vm_area_struct *); extern int generic_file_readonly_mmap(struct file *, struct vm_area_struct *); extern ssize_t generic_write_checks(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); extern int generic_write_check_limits(struct file *file, loff_t pos, loff_t *count); extern int generic_file_rw_checks(struct file *file_in, struct file *file_out); extern ssize_t generic_file_buffered_read(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *to, ssize_t already_read); extern ssize_t generic_file_read_iter(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); extern ssize_t __generic_file_write_iter(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); extern ssize_t generic_file_write_iter(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); extern ssize_t generic_file_direct_write(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); extern ssize_t generic_perform_write(struct file *, struct iov_iter *, loff_t); ssize_t vfs_iter_read(struct file *file, struct iov_iter *iter, loff_t *ppos, rwf_t flags); ssize_t vfs_iter_write(struct file *file, struct iov_iter *iter, loff_t *ppos, rwf_t flags); ssize_t vfs_iocb_iter_read(struct file *file, struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter); ssize_t vfs_iocb_iter_write(struct file *file, struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter); /* fs/block_dev.c */ extern ssize_t blkdev_read_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *to); extern ssize_t blkdev_write_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from); extern int blkdev_fsync(struct file *filp, loff_t start, loff_t end, int datasync); extern void block_sync_page(struct page *page); /* fs/splice.c */ extern ssize_t generic_file_splice_read(struct file *, loff_t *, struct pipe_inode_info *, size_t, unsigned int); extern ssize_t iter_file_splice_write(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct file *, loff_t *, size_t, unsigned int); extern ssize_t generic_splice_sendpage(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, struct file *out, loff_t *, size_t len, unsigned int flags); extern long do_splice_direct(struct file *in, loff_t *ppos, struct file *out, loff_t *opos, size_t len, unsigned int flags); extern void file_ra_state_init(struct file_ra_state *ra, struct address_space *mapping); extern loff_t noop_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence); extern loff_t no_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence); extern loff_t vfs_setpos(struct file *file, loff_t offset, loff_t maxsize); extern loff_t generic_file_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence); extern loff_t generic_file_llseek_size(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence, loff_t maxsize, loff_t eof); extern loff_t fixed_size_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence, loff_t size); extern loff_t no_seek_end_llseek_size(struct file *, loff_t, int, loff_t); extern loff_t no_seek_end_llseek(struct file *, loff_t, int); extern int generic_file_open(struct inode * inode, struct file * filp); extern int nonseekable_open(struct inode * inode, struct file * filp); extern int stream_open(struct inode * inode, struct file * filp); #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK typedef void (dio_submit_t)(struct bio *bio, struct inode *inode, loff_t file_offset); enum { /* need locking between buffered and direct access */ DIO_LOCKING = 0x01, /* filesystem does not support filling holes */ DIO_SKIP_HOLES = 0x02, }; ssize_t __blockdev_direct_IO(struct kiocb *iocb, struct inode *inode, struct block_device *bdev, struct iov_iter *iter, get_block_t get_block, dio_iodone_t end_io, dio_submit_t submit_io, int flags); static inline ssize_t blockdev_direct_IO(struct kiocb *iocb, struct inode *inode, struct iov_iter *iter, get_block_t get_block) { return __blockdev_direct_IO(iocb, inode, inode->i_sb->s_bdev, iter, get_block, NULL, NULL, DIO_LOCKING | DIO_SKIP_HOLES); } #endif void inode_dio_wait(struct inode *inode); /* * inode_dio_begin - signal start of a direct I/O requests * @inode: inode the direct I/O happens on * * This is called once we've finished processing a direct I/O request, * and is used to wake up callers waiting for direct I/O to be quiesced. */ static inline void inode_dio_begin(struct inode *inode) { atomic_inc(&inode->i_dio_count); } /* * inode_dio_end - signal finish of a direct I/O requests * @inode: inode the direct I/O happens on * * This is called once we've finished processing a direct I/O request, * and is used to wake up callers waiting for direct I/O to be quiesced. */ static inline void inode_dio_end(struct inode *inode) { if (atomic_dec_and_test(&inode->i_dio_count)) wake_up_bit(&inode->i_state, __I_DIO_WAKEUP); } /* * Warn about a page cache invalidation failure diring a direct I/O write. */ void dio_warn_stale_pagecache(struct file *filp); extern void inode_set_flags(struct inode *inode, unsigned int flags, unsigned int mask); extern const struct file_operations generic_ro_fops; #define special_file(m) (S_ISCHR(m)||S_ISBLK(m)||S_ISFIFO(m)||S_ISSOCK(m)) extern int readlink_copy(char __user *, int, const char *); extern int page_readlink(struct dentry *, char __user *, int); extern const char *page_get_link(struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct delayed_call *); extern void page_put_link(void *); extern int __page_symlink(struct inode *inode, const char *symname, int len, int nofs); extern int page_symlink(struct inode *inode, const char *symname, int len); extern const struct inode_operations page_symlink_inode_operations; extern void kfree_link(void *); extern void generic_fillattr(struct inode *, struct kstat *); extern int vfs_getattr_nosec(const struct path *, struct kstat *, u32, unsigned int); extern int vfs_getattr(const struct path *, struct kstat *, u32, unsigned int); void __inode_add_bytes(struct inode *inode, loff_t bytes); void inode_add_bytes(struct inode *inode, loff_t bytes); void __inode_sub_bytes(struct inode *inode, loff_t bytes); void inode_sub_bytes(struct inode *inode, loff_t bytes); static inline loff_t __inode_get_bytes(struct inode *inode) { return (((loff_t)inode->i_blocks) << 9) + inode->i_bytes; } loff_t inode_get_bytes(struct inode *inode); void inode_set_bytes(struct inode *inode, loff_t bytes); const char *simple_get_link(struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct delayed_call *); extern const struct inode_operations simple_symlink_inode_operations; extern int iterate_dir(struct file *, struct dir_context *); int vfs_fstatat(int dfd, const char __user *filename, struct kstat *stat, int flags); int vfs_fstat(int fd, struct kstat *stat); static inline int vfs_stat(const char __user *filename, struct kstat *stat) { return vfs_fstatat(AT_FDCWD, filename, stat, 0); } static inline int vfs_lstat(const char __user *name, struct kstat *stat) { return vfs_fstatat(AT_FDCWD, name, stat, AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW); } extern const char *vfs_get_link(struct dentry *, struct delayed_call *); extern int vfs_readlink(struct dentry *, char __user *, int); extern struct file_system_type *get_filesystem(struct file_system_type *fs); extern void put_filesystem(struct file_system_type *fs); extern struct file_system_type *get_fs_type(const char *name); extern struct super_block *get_super(struct block_device *); extern struct super_block *get_super_thawed(struct block_device *); extern struct super_block *get_super_exclusive_thawed(struct block_device *bdev); extern struct super_block *get_active_super(struct block_device *bdev); extern void drop_super(struct super_block *sb); extern void drop_super_exclusive(struct super_block *sb); extern void iterate_supers(void (*)(struct super_block *, void *), void *); extern void iterate_supers_type(struct file_system_type *, void (*)(struct super_block *, void *), void *); extern int dcache_dir_open(struct inode *, struct file *); extern int dcache_dir_close(struct inode *, struct file *); extern loff_t dcache_dir_lseek(struct file *, loff_t, int); extern int dcache_readdir(struct file *, struct dir_context *); extern int simple_setattr(struct dentry *, struct iattr *); extern int simple_getattr(const struct path *, struct kstat *, u32, unsigned int); extern int simple_statfs(struct dentry *, struct kstatfs *); extern int simple_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file); extern int simple_link(struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct dentry *); extern int simple_unlink(struct inode *, struct dentry *); extern int simple_rmdir(struct inode *, struct dentry *); extern int simple_rename(struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct dentry *, unsigned int); extern void simple_recursive_removal(struct dentry *, void (*callback)(struct dentry *)); extern int noop_fsync(struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int); extern int noop_set_page_dirty(struct page *page); extern void noop_invalidatepage(struct page *page, unsigned int offset, unsigned int length); extern ssize_t noop_direct_IO(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter); extern int simple_empty(struct dentry *); extern int simple_readpage(struct file *file, struct page *page); extern int simple_write_begin(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, void **fsdata); extern int simple_write_end(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page, void *fsdata); extern int always_delete_dentry(const struct dentry *); extern struct inode *alloc_anon_inode(struct super_block *); extern int simple_nosetlease(struct file *, long, struct file_lock **, void **); extern const struct dentry_operations simple_dentry_operations; extern struct dentry *simple_lookup(struct inode *, struct dentry *, unsigned int flags); extern ssize_t generic_read_dir(struct file *, char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern const struct file_operations simple_dir_operations; extern const struct inode_operations simple_dir_inode_operations; extern void make_empty_dir_inode(struct inode *inode); extern bool is_empty_dir_inode(struct inode *inode); struct tree_descr { const char *name; const struct file_operations *ops; int mode; }; struct dentry *d_alloc_name(struct dentry *, const char *); extern int simple_fill_super(struct super_block *, unsigned long, const struct tree_descr *); extern int simple_pin_fs(struct file_system_type *, struct vfsmount **mount, int *count); extern void simple_release_fs(struct vfsmount **mount, int *count); extern ssize_t simple_read_from_buffer(void __user *to, size_t count, loff_t *ppos, const void *from, size_t available); extern ssize_t simple_write_to_buffer(void *to, size_t available, loff_t *ppos, const void __user *from, size_t count); extern int __generic_file_fsync(struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int); extern int generic_file_fsync(struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int); extern int generic_check_addressable(unsigned, u64); #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE extern int generic_ci_d_hash(const struct dentry *dentry, struct qstr *str); extern int generic_ci_d_compare(const struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int len, const char *str, const struct qstr *name); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MIGRATION extern int buffer_migrate_page(struct address_space *, struct page *, struct page *, enum migrate_mode); extern int buffer_migrate_page_norefs(struct address_space *, struct page *, struct page *, enum migrate_mode); #else #define buffer_migrate_page NULL #define buffer_migrate_page_norefs NULL #endif extern int setattr_prepare(struct dentry *, struct iattr *); extern int inode_newsize_ok(const struct inode *, loff_t offset); extern void setattr_copy(struct inode *inode, const struct iattr *attr); extern int file_update_time(struct file *file); static inline bool vma_is_dax(const struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return vma->vm_file && IS_DAX(vma->vm_file->f_mapping->host); } static inline bool vma_is_fsdax(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct inode *inode; if (!vma->vm_file) return false; if (!vma_is_dax(vma)) return false; inode = file_inode(vma->vm_file); if (S_ISCHR(inode->i_mode)) return false; /* device-dax */ return true; } static inline int iocb_flags(struct file *file) { int res = 0; if (file->f_flags & O_APPEND) res |= IOCB_APPEND; if (file->f_flags & O_DIRECT) res |= IOCB_DIRECT; if ((file->f_flags & O_DSYNC) || IS_SYNC(file->f_mapping->host)) res |= IOCB_DSYNC; if (file->f_flags & __O_SYNC) res |= IOCB_SYNC; return res; } static inline int kiocb_set_rw_flags(struct kiocb *ki, rwf_t flags) { int kiocb_flags = 0; /* make sure there's no overlap between RWF and private IOCB flags */ BUILD_BUG_ON((__force int) RWF_SUPPORTED & IOCB_EVENTFD); if (!flags) return 0; if (unlikely(flags & ~RWF_SUPPORTED)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; if (flags & RWF_NOWAIT) { if (!(ki->ki_filp->f_mode & FMODE_NOWAIT)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; kiocb_flags |= IOCB_NOIO; } kiocb_flags |= (__force int) (flags & RWF_SUPPORTED); if (flags & RWF_SYNC) kiocb_flags |= IOCB_DSYNC; ki->ki_flags |= kiocb_flags; return 0; } static inline ino_t parent_ino(struct dentry *dentry) { ino_t res; /* * Don't strictly need d_lock here? If the parent ino could change * then surely we'd have a deeper race in the caller? */ spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); res = dentry->d_parent->d_inode->i_ino; spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return res; } /* Transaction based IO helpers */ /* * An argresp is stored in an allocated page and holds the * size of the argument or response, along with its content */ struct simple_transaction_argresp { ssize_t size; char data[]; }; #define SIMPLE_TRANSACTION_LIMIT (PAGE_SIZE - sizeof(struct simple_transaction_argresp)) char *simple_transaction_get(struct file *file, const char __user *buf, size_t size); ssize_t simple_transaction_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t size, loff_t *pos); int simple_transaction_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file); void simple_transaction_set(struct file *file, size_t n); /* * simple attribute files * * These attributes behave similar to those in sysfs: * * Writing to an attribute immediately sets a value, an open file can be * written to multiple times. * * Reading from an attribute creates a buffer from the value that might get * read with multiple read calls. When the attribute has been read * completely, no further read calls are possible until the file is opened * again. * * All attributes contain a text representation of a numeric value * that are accessed with the get() and set() functions. */ #define DEFINE_SIMPLE_ATTRIBUTE(__fops, __get, __set, __fmt) \ static int __fops ## _open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) \ { \ __simple_attr_check_format(__fmt, 0ull); \ return simple_attr_open(inode, file, __get, __set, __fmt); \ } \ static const struct file_operations __fops = { \ .owner = THIS_MODULE, \ .open = __fops ## _open, \ .release = simple_attr_release, \ .read = simple_attr_read, \ .write = simple_attr_write, \ .llseek = generic_file_llseek, \ } static inline __printf(1, 2) void __simple_attr_check_format(const char *fmt, ...) { /* don't do anything, just let the compiler check the arguments; */ } int simple_attr_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file, int (*get)(void *, u64 *), int (*set)(void *, u64), const char *fmt); int simple_attr_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file); ssize_t simple_attr_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t len, loff_t *ppos); ssize_t simple_attr_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf, size_t len, loff_t *ppos); struct ctl_table; int proc_nr_files(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos); int proc_nr_dentry(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos); int proc_nr_inodes(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos); int __init get_filesystem_list(char *buf); #define __FMODE_EXEC ((__force int) FMODE_EXEC) #define __FMODE_NONOTIFY ((__force int) FMODE_NONOTIFY) #define ACC_MODE(x) ("\004\002\006\006"[(x)&O_ACCMODE]) #define OPEN_FMODE(flag) ((__force fmode_t)(((flag + 1) & O_ACCMODE) | \ (flag & __FMODE_NONOTIFY))) static inline bool is_sxid(umode_t mode) { return (mode & S_ISUID) || ((mode & S_ISGID) && (mode & S_IXGRP)); } static inline int check_sticky(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode) { if (!(dir->i_mode & S_ISVTX)) return 0; return __check_sticky(dir, inode); } static inline void inode_has_no_xattr(struct inode *inode) { if (!is_sxid(inode->i_mode) && (inode->i_sb->s_flags & SB_NOSEC)) inode->i_flags |= S_NOSEC; } static inline bool is_root_inode(struct inode *inode) { return inode == inode->i_sb->s_root->d_inode; } static inline bool dir_emit(struct dir_context *ctx, const char *name, int namelen, u64 ino, unsigned type) { return ctx->actor(ctx, name, namelen, ctx->pos, ino, type) == 0; } static inline bool dir_emit_dot(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx) { return ctx->actor(ctx, ".", 1, ctx->pos, file->f_path.dentry->d_inode->i_ino, DT_DIR) == 0; } static inline bool dir_emit_dotdot(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx) { return ctx->actor(ctx, "..", 2, ctx->pos, parent_ino(file->f_path.dentry), DT_DIR) == 0; } static inline bool dir_emit_dots(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx) { if (ctx->pos == 0) { if (!dir_emit_dot(file, ctx)) return false; ctx->pos = 1; } if (ctx->pos == 1) { if (!dir_emit_dotdot(file, ctx)) return false; ctx->pos = 2; } return true; } static inline bool dir_relax(struct inode *inode) { inode_unlock(inode); inode_lock(inode); return !IS_DEADDIR(inode); } static inline bool dir_relax_shared(struct inode *inode) { inode_unlock_shared(inode); inode_lock_shared(inode); return !IS_DEADDIR(inode); } extern bool path_noexec(const struct path *path); extern void inode_nohighmem(struct inode *inode); /* mm/fadvise.c */ extern int vfs_fadvise(struct file *file, loff_t offset, loff_t len, int advice); extern int generic_fadvise(struct file *file, loff_t offset, loff_t len, int advice); int vfs_ioc_setflags_prepare(struct inode *inode, unsigned int oldflags, unsigned int flags); int vfs_ioc_fssetxattr_check(struct inode *inode, const struct fsxattr *old_fa, struct fsxattr *fa); static inline void simple_fill_fsxattr(struct fsxattr *fa, __u32 xflags) { memset(fa, 0, sizeof(*fa)); fa->fsx_xflags = xflags; } /* * Flush file data before changing attributes. Caller must hold any locks * required to prevent further writes to this file until we're done setting * flags. */ static inline int inode_drain_writes(struct inode *inode) { inode_dio_wait(inode); return filemap_write_and_wait(inode->i_mapping); } #endif /* _LINUX_FS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_WAIT_BIT_H #define _LINUX_WAIT_BIT_H /* * Linux wait-bit related types and methods: */ #include <linux/wait.h> struct wait_bit_key { void *flags; int bit_nr; unsigned long timeout; }; struct wait_bit_queue_entry { struct wait_bit_key key; struct wait_queue_entry wq_entry; }; #define __WAIT_BIT_KEY_INITIALIZER(word, bit) \ { .flags = word, .bit_nr = bit, } typedef int wait_bit_action_f(struct wait_bit_key *key, int mode); void __wake_up_bit(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head, void *word, int bit); int __wait_on_bit(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head, struct wait_bit_queue_entry *wbq_entry, wait_bit_action_f *action, unsigned int mode); int __wait_on_bit_lock(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head, struct wait_bit_queue_entry *wbq_entry, wait_bit_action_f *action, unsigned int mode); void wake_up_bit(void *word, int bit); int out_of_line_wait_on_bit(void *word, int, wait_bit_action_f *action, unsigned int mode); int out_of_line_wait_on_bit_timeout(void *word, int, wait_bit_action_f *action, unsigned int mode, unsigned long timeout); int out_of_line_wait_on_bit_lock(void *word, int, wait_bit_action_f *action, unsigned int mode); struct wait_queue_head *bit_waitqueue(void *word, int bit); extern void __init wait_bit_init(void); int wake_bit_function(struct wait_queue_entry *wq_entry, unsigned mode, int sync, void *key); #define DEFINE_WAIT_BIT(name, word, bit) \ struct wait_bit_queue_entry name = { \ .key = __WAIT_BIT_KEY_INITIALIZER(word, bit), \ .wq_entry = { \ .private = current, \ .func = wake_bit_function, \ .entry = \ LIST_HEAD_INIT((name).wq_entry.entry), \ }, \ } extern int bit_wait(struct wait_bit_key *key, int mode); extern int bit_wait_io(struct wait_bit_key *key, int mode); extern int bit_wait_timeout(struct wait_bit_key *key, int mode); extern int bit_wait_io_timeout(struct wait_bit_key *key, int mode); /** * wait_on_bit - wait for a bit to be cleared * @word: the word being waited on, a kernel virtual address * @bit: the bit of the word being waited on * @mode: the task state to sleep in * * There is a standard hashed waitqueue table for generic use. This * is the part of the hashtable's accessor API that waits on a bit. * For instance, if one were to have waiters on a bitflag, one would * call wait_on_bit() in threads waiting for the bit to clear. * One uses wait_on_bit() where one is waiting for the bit to clear, * but has no intention of setting it. * Returned value will be zero if the bit was cleared, or non-zero * if the process received a signal and the mode permitted wakeup * on that signal. */ static inline int wait_on_bit(unsigned long *word, int bit, unsigned mode) { might_sleep(); if (!test_bit(bit, word)) return 0; return out_of_line_wait_on_bit(word, bit, bit_wait, mode); } /** * wait_on_bit_io - wait for a bit to be cleared * @word: the word being waited on, a kernel virtual address * @bit: the bit of the word being waited on * @mode: the task state to sleep in * * Use the standard hashed waitqueue table to wait for a bit * to be cleared. This is similar to wait_on_bit(), but calls * io_schedule() instead of schedule() for the actual waiting. * * Returned value will be zero if the bit was cleared, or non-zero * if the process received a signal and the mode permitted wakeup * on that signal. */ static inline int wait_on_bit_io(unsigned long *word, int bit, unsigned mode) { might_sleep(); if (!test_bit(bit, word)) return 0; return out_of_line_wait_on_bit(word, bit, bit_wait_io, mode); } /** * wait_on_bit_timeout - wait for a bit to be cleared or a timeout elapses * @word: the word being waited on, a kernel virtual address * @bit: the bit of the word being waited on * @mode: the task state to sleep in * @timeout: timeout, in jiffies * * Use the standard hashed waitqueue table to wait for a bit * to be cleared. This is similar to wait_on_bit(), except also takes a * timeout parameter. * * Returned value will be zero if the bit was cleared before the * @timeout elapsed, or non-zero if the @timeout elapsed or process * received a signal and the mode permitted wakeup on that signal. */ static inline int wait_on_bit_timeout(unsigned long *word, int bit, unsigned mode, unsigned long timeout) { might_sleep(); if (!test_bit(bit, word)) return 0; return out_of_line_wait_on_bit_timeout(word, bit, bit_wait_timeout, mode, timeout); } /** * wait_on_bit_action - wait for a bit to be cleared * @word: the word being waited on, a kernel virtual address * @bit: the bit of the word being waited on * @action: the function used to sleep, which may take special actions * @mode: the task state to sleep in * * Use the standard hashed waitqueue table to wait for a bit * to be cleared, and allow the waiting action to be specified. * This is like wait_on_bit() but allows fine control of how the waiting * is done. * * Returned value will be zero if the bit was cleared, or non-zero * if the process received a signal and the mode permitted wakeup * on that signal. */ static inline int wait_on_bit_action(unsigned long *word, int bit, wait_bit_action_f *action, unsigned mode) { might_sleep(); if (!test_bit(bit, word)) return 0; return out_of_line_wait_on_bit(word, bit, action, mode); } /** * wait_on_bit_lock - wait for a bit to be cleared, when wanting to set it * @word: the word being waited on, a kernel virtual address * @bit: the bit of the word being waited on * @mode: the task state to sleep in * * There is a standard hashed waitqueue table for generic use. This * is the part of the hashtable's accessor API that waits on a bit * when one intends to set it, for instance, trying to lock bitflags. * For instance, if one were to have waiters trying to set bitflag * and waiting for it to clear before setting it, one would call * wait_on_bit() in threads waiting to be able to set the bit. * One uses wait_on_bit_lock() where one is waiting for the bit to * clear with the intention of setting it, and when done, clearing it. * * Returns zero if the bit was (eventually) found to be clear and was * set. Returns non-zero if a signal was delivered to the process and * the @mode allows that signal to wake the process. */ static inline int wait_on_bit_lock(unsigned long *word, int bit, unsigned mode) { might_sleep(); if (!test_and_set_bit(bit, word)) return 0; return out_of_line_wait_on_bit_lock(word, bit, bit_wait, mode); } /** * wait_on_bit_lock_io - wait for a bit to be cleared, when wanting to set it * @word: the word being waited on, a kernel virtual address * @bit: the bit of the word being waited on * @mode: the task state to sleep in * * Use the standard hashed waitqueue table to wait for a bit * to be cleared and then to atomically set it. This is similar * to wait_on_bit(), but calls io_schedule() instead of schedule() * for the actual waiting. * * Returns zero if the bit was (eventually) found to be clear and was * set. Returns non-zero if a signal was delivered to the process and * the @mode allows that signal to wake the process. */ static inline int wait_on_bit_lock_io(unsigned long *word, int bit, unsigned mode) { might_sleep(); if (!test_and_set_bit(bit, word)) return 0; return out_of_line_wait_on_bit_lock(word, bit, bit_wait_io, mode); } /** * wait_on_bit_lock_action - wait for a bit to be cleared, when wanting to set it * @word: the word being waited on, a kernel virtual address * @bit: the bit of the word being waited on * @action: the function used to sleep, which may take special actions * @mode: the task state to sleep in * * Use the standard hashed waitqueue table to wait for a bit * to be cleared and then to set it, and allow the waiting action * to be specified. * This is like wait_on_bit() but allows fine control of how the waiting * is done. * * Returns zero if the bit was (eventually) found to be clear and was * set. Returns non-zero if a signal was delivered to the process and * the @mode allows that signal to wake the process. */ static inline int wait_on_bit_lock_action(unsigned long *word, int bit, wait_bit_action_f *action, unsigned mode) { might_sleep(); if (!test_and_set_bit(bit, word)) return 0; return out_of_line_wait_on_bit_lock(word, bit, action, mode); } extern void init_wait_var_entry(struct wait_bit_queue_entry *wbq_entry, void *var, int flags); extern void wake_up_var(void *var); extern wait_queue_head_t *__var_waitqueue(void *p); #define ___wait_var_event(var, condition, state, exclusive, ret, cmd) \ ({ \ __label__ __out; \ struct wait_queue_head *__wq_head = __var_waitqueue(var); \ struct wait_bit_queue_entry __wbq_entry; \ long __ret = ret; /* explicit shadow */ \ \ init_wait_var_entry(&__wbq_entry, var, \ exclusive ? WQ_FLAG_EXCLUSIVE : 0); \ for (;;) { \ long __int = prepare_to_wait_event(__wq_head, \ &__wbq_entry.wq_entry, \ state); \ if (condition) \ break; \ \ if (___wait_is_interruptible(state) && __int) { \ __ret = __int; \ goto __out; \ } \ \ cmd; \ } \ finish_wait(__wq_head, &__wbq_entry.wq_entry); \ __out: __ret; \ }) #define __wait_var_event(var, condition) \ ___wait_var_event(var, condition, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE, 0, 0, \ schedule()) #define wait_var_event(var, condition) \ do { \ might_sleep(); \ if (condition) \ break; \ __wait_var_event(var, condition); \ } while (0) #define __wait_var_event_killable(var, condition) \ ___wait_var_event(var, condition, TASK_KILLABLE, 0, 0, \ schedule()) #define wait_var_event_killable(var, condition) \ ({ \ int __ret = 0; \ might_sleep(); \ if (!(condition)) \ __ret = __wait_var_event_killable(var, condition); \ __ret; \ }) #define __wait_var_event_timeout(var, condition, timeout) \ ___wait_var_event(var, ___wait_cond_timeout(condition), \ TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE, 0, timeout, \ __ret = schedule_timeout(__ret)) #define wait_var_event_timeout(var, condition, timeout) \ ({ \ long __ret = timeout; \ might_sleep(); \ if (!___wait_cond_timeout(condition)) \ __ret = __wait_var_event_timeout(var, condition, timeout); \ __ret; \ }) #define __wait_var_event_interruptible(var, condition) \ ___wait_var_event(var, condition, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE, 0, 0, \ schedule()) #define wait_var_event_interruptible(var, condition) \ ({ \ int __ret = 0; \ might_sleep(); \ if (!(condition)) \ __ret = __wait_var_event_interruptible(var, condition); \ __ret; \ }) /** * clear_and_wake_up_bit - clear a bit and wake up anyone waiting on that bit * * @bit: the bit of the word being waited on * @word: the word being waited on, a kernel virtual address * * You can use this helper if bitflags are manipulated atomically rather than * non-atomically under a lock. */ static inline void clear_and_wake_up_bit(int bit, void *word) { clear_bit_unlock(bit, word); /* See wake_up_bit() for which memory barrier you need to use. */ smp_mb__after_atomic(); wake_up_bit(word, bit); } #endif /* _LINUX_WAIT_BIT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Security server interface. * * Author : Stephen Smalley, <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> * */ #ifndef _SELINUX_SECURITY_H_ #define _SELINUX_SECURITY_H_ #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/dcache.h> #include <linux/magic.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include "flask.h" #include "policycap.h" #define SECSID_NULL 0x00000000 /* unspecified SID */ #define SECSID_WILD 0xffffffff /* wildcard SID */ #define SECCLASS_NULL 0x0000 /* no class */ /* Identify specific policy version changes */ #define POLICYDB_VERSION_BASE 15 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_BOOL 16 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_IPV6 17 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_NLCLASS 18 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_VALIDATETRANS 19 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_MLS 19 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_AVTAB 20 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_RANGETRANS 21 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_POLCAP 22 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_PERMISSIVE 23 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_BOUNDARY 24 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_FILENAME_TRANS 25 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_ROLETRANS 26 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_NEW_OBJECT_DEFAULTS 27 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_DEFAULT_TYPE 28 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_CONSTRAINT_NAMES 29 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_XPERMS_IOCTL 30 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_INFINIBAND 31 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_GLBLUB 32 #define POLICYDB_VERSION_COMP_FTRANS 33 /* compressed filename transitions */ /* Range of policy versions we understand*/ #define POLICYDB_VERSION_MIN POLICYDB_VERSION_BASE #define POLICYDB_VERSION_MAX POLICYDB_VERSION_COMP_FTRANS /* Mask for just the mount related flags */ #define SE_MNTMASK 0x0f /* Super block security struct flags for mount options */ /* BE CAREFUL, these need to be the low order bits for selinux_get_mnt_opts */ #define CONTEXT_MNT 0x01 #define FSCONTEXT_MNT 0x02 #define ROOTCONTEXT_MNT 0x04 #define DEFCONTEXT_MNT 0x08 #define SBLABEL_MNT 0x10 /* Non-mount related flags */ #define SE_SBINITIALIZED 0x0100 #define SE_SBPROC 0x0200 #define SE_SBGENFS 0x0400 #define SE_SBGENFS_XATTR 0x0800 #define CONTEXT_STR "context" #define FSCONTEXT_STR "fscontext" #define ROOTCONTEXT_STR "rootcontext" #define DEFCONTEXT_STR "defcontext" #define SECLABEL_STR "seclabel" struct netlbl_lsm_secattr; extern int selinux_enabled_boot; /* * type_datum properties * available at the kernel policy version >= POLICYDB_VERSION_BOUNDARY */ #define TYPEDATUM_PROPERTY_PRIMARY 0x0001 #define TYPEDATUM_PROPERTY_ATTRIBUTE 0x0002 /* limitation of boundary depth */ #define POLICYDB_BOUNDS_MAXDEPTH 4 struct selinux_avc; struct selinux_policy; struct selinux_state { #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_DISABLE bool disabled; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_DEVELOP bool enforcing; #endif bool checkreqprot; bool initialized; bool policycap[__POLICYDB_CAPABILITY_MAX]; struct page *status_page; struct mutex status_lock; struct selinux_avc *avc; struct selinux_policy __rcu *policy; struct mutex policy_mutex; } __randomize_layout; void selinux_avc_init(struct selinux_avc **avc); extern struct selinux_state selinux_state; static inline bool selinux_initialized(const struct selinux_state *state) { /* do a synchronized load to avoid race conditions */ return smp_load_acquire(&state->initialized); } static inline void selinux_mark_initialized(struct selinux_state *state) { /* do a synchronized write to avoid race conditions */ smp_store_release(&state->initialized, true); } #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_DEVELOP static inline bool enforcing_enabled(struct selinux_state *state) { return READ_ONCE(state->enforcing); } static inline void enforcing_set(struct selinux_state *state, bool value) { WRITE_ONCE(state->enforcing, value); } #else static inline bool enforcing_enabled(struct selinux_state *state) { return true; } static inline void enforcing_set(struct selinux_state *state, bool value) { } #endif static inline bool checkreqprot_get(const struct selinux_state *state) { return READ_ONCE(state->checkreqprot); } static inline void checkreqprot_set(struct selinux_state *state, bool value) { WRITE_ONCE(state->checkreqprot, value); } #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_DISABLE static inline bool selinux_disabled(struct selinux_state *state) { return READ_ONCE(state->disabled); } static inline void selinux_mark_disabled(struct selinux_state *state) { WRITE_ONCE(state->disabled, true); } #else static inline bool selinux_disabled(struct selinux_state *state) { return false; } #endif static inline bool selinux_policycap_netpeer(void) { struct selinux_state *state = &selinux_state; return READ_ONCE(state->policycap[POLICYDB_CAPABILITY_NETPEER]); } static inline bool selinux_policycap_openperm(void) { struct selinux_state *state = &selinux_state; return READ_ONCE(state->policycap[POLICYDB_CAPABILITY_OPENPERM]); } static inline bool selinux_policycap_extsockclass(void) { struct selinux_state *state = &selinux_state; return READ_ONCE(state->policycap[POLICYDB_CAPABILITY_EXTSOCKCLASS]); } static inline bool selinux_policycap_alwaysnetwork(void) { struct selinux_state *state = &selinux_state; return READ_ONCE(state->policycap[POLICYDB_CAPABILITY_ALWAYSNETWORK]); } static inline bool selinux_policycap_cgroupseclabel(void) { struct selinux_state *state = &selinux_state; return READ_ONCE(state->policycap[POLICYDB_CAPABILITY_CGROUPSECLABEL]); } static inline bool selinux_policycap_nnp_nosuid_transition(void) { struct selinux_state *state = &selinux_state; return READ_ONCE(state->policycap[POLICYDB_CAPABILITY_NNP_NOSUID_TRANSITION]); } static inline bool selinux_policycap_genfs_seclabel_symlinks(void) { struct selinux_state *state = &selinux_state; return READ_ONCE(state->policycap[POLICYDB_CAPABILITY_GENFS_SECLABEL_SYMLINKS]); } struct selinux_policy_convert_data; struct selinux_load_state { struct selinux_policy *policy; struct selinux_policy_convert_data *convert_data; }; int security_mls_enabled(struct selinux_state *state); int security_load_policy(struct selinux_state *state, void *data, size_t len, struct selinux_load_state *load_state); void selinux_policy_commit(struct selinux_state *state, struct selinux_load_state *load_state); void selinux_policy_cancel(struct selinux_state *state, struct selinux_load_state *load_state); int security_read_policy(struct selinux_state *state, void **data, size_t *len); int security_policycap_supported(struct selinux_state *state, unsigned int req_cap); #define SEL_VEC_MAX 32 struct av_decision { u32 allowed; u32 auditallow; u32 auditdeny; u32 seqno; u32 flags; }; #define XPERMS_ALLOWED 1 #define XPERMS_AUDITALLOW 2 #define XPERMS_DONTAUDIT 4 #define security_xperm_set(perms, x) (perms[x >> 5] |= 1 << (x & 0x1f)) #define security_xperm_test(perms, x) (1 & (perms[x >> 5] >> (x & 0x1f))) struct extended_perms_data { u32 p[8]; }; struct extended_perms_decision { u8 used; u8 driver; struct extended_perms_data *allowed; struct extended_perms_data *auditallow; struct extended_perms_data *dontaudit; }; struct extended_perms { u16 len; /* length associated decision chain */ struct extended_perms_data drivers; /* flag drivers that are used */ }; /* definitions of av_decision.flags */ #define AVD_FLAGS_PERMISSIVE 0x0001 void security_compute_av(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, struct av_decision *avd, struct extended_perms *xperms); void security_compute_xperms_decision(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u8 driver, struct extended_perms_decision *xpermd); void security_compute_av_user(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, struct av_decision *avd); int security_transition_sid(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, const struct qstr *qstr, u32 *out_sid); int security_transition_sid_user(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, const char *objname, u32 *out_sid); int security_member_sid(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 *out_sid); int security_change_sid(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 *out_sid); int security_sid_to_context(struct selinux_state *state, u32 sid, char **scontext, u32 *scontext_len); int security_sid_to_context_force(struct selinux_state *state, u32 sid, char **scontext, u32 *scontext_len); int security_sid_to_context_inval(struct selinux_state *state, u32 sid, char **scontext, u32 *scontext_len); int security_context_to_sid(struct selinux_state *state, const char *scontext, u32 scontext_len, u32 *out_sid, gfp_t gfp); int security_context_str_to_sid(struct selinux_state *state, const char *scontext, u32 *out_sid, gfp_t gfp); int security_context_to_sid_default(struct selinux_state *state, const char *scontext, u32 scontext_len, u32 *out_sid, u32 def_sid, gfp_t gfp_flags); int security_context_to_sid_force(struct selinux_state *state, const char *scontext, u32 scontext_len, u32 *sid); int security_get_user_sids(struct selinux_state *state, u32 callsid, char *username, u32 **sids, u32 *nel); int security_port_sid(struct selinux_state *state, u8 protocol, u16 port, u32 *out_sid); int security_ib_pkey_sid(struct selinux_state *state, u64 subnet_prefix, u16 pkey_num, u32 *out_sid); int security_ib_endport_sid(struct selinux_state *state, const char *dev_name, u8 port_num, u32 *out_sid); int security_netif_sid(struct selinux_state *state, char *name, u32 *if_sid); int security_node_sid(struct selinux_state *state, u16 domain, void *addr, u32 addrlen, u32 *out_sid); int security_validate_transition(struct selinux_state *state, u32 oldsid, u32 newsid, u32 tasksid, u16 tclass); int security_validate_transition_user(struct selinux_state *state, u32 oldsid, u32 newsid, u32 tasksid, u16 tclass); int security_bounded_transition(struct selinux_state *state, u32 oldsid, u32 newsid); int security_sid_mls_copy(struct selinux_state *state, u32 sid, u32 mls_sid, u32 *new_sid); int security_net_peersid_resolve(struct selinux_state *state, u32 nlbl_sid, u32 nlbl_type, u32 xfrm_sid, u32 *peer_sid); int security_get_classes(struct selinux_policy *policy, char ***classes, int *nclasses); int security_get_permissions(struct selinux_policy *policy, char *class, char ***perms, int *nperms); int security_get_reject_unknown(struct selinux_state *state); int security_get_allow_unknown(struct selinux_state *state); #define SECURITY_FS_USE_XATTR 1 /* use xattr */ #define SECURITY_FS_USE_TRANS 2 /* use transition SIDs, e.g. devpts/tmpfs */ #define SECURITY_FS_USE_TASK 3 /* use task SIDs, e.g. pipefs/sockfs */ #define SECURITY_FS_USE_GENFS 4 /* use the genfs support */ #define SECURITY_FS_USE_NONE 5 /* no labeling support */ #define SECURITY_FS_USE_MNTPOINT 6 /* use mountpoint labeling */ #define SECURITY_FS_USE_NATIVE 7 /* use native label support */ #define SECURITY_FS_USE_MAX 7 /* Highest SECURITY_FS_USE_XXX */ int security_fs_use(struct selinux_state *state, struct super_block *sb); int security_genfs_sid(struct selinux_state *state, const char *fstype, char *name, u16 sclass, u32 *sid); int selinux_policy_genfs_sid(struct selinux_policy *policy, const char *fstype, char *name, u16 sclass, u32 *sid); #ifdef CONFIG_NETLABEL int security_netlbl_secattr_to_sid(struct selinux_state *state, struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr, u32 *sid); int security_netlbl_sid_to_secattr(struct selinux_state *state, u32 sid, struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr); #else static inline int security_netlbl_secattr_to_sid(struct selinux_state *state, struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr, u32 *sid) { return -EIDRM; } static inline int security_netlbl_sid_to_secattr(struct selinux_state *state, u32 sid, struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr) { return -ENOENT; } #endif /* CONFIG_NETLABEL */ const char *security_get_initial_sid_context(u32 sid); /* * status notifier using mmap interface */ extern struct page *selinux_kernel_status_page(struct selinux_state *state); #define SELINUX_KERNEL_STATUS_VERSION 1 struct selinux_kernel_status { u32 version; /* version number of thie structure */ u32 sequence; /* sequence number of seqlock logic */ u32 enforcing; /* current setting of enforcing mode */ u32 policyload; /* times of policy reloaded */ u32 deny_unknown; /* current setting of deny_unknown */ /* * The version > 0 supports above members. */ } __packed; extern void selinux_status_update_setenforce(struct selinux_state *state, int enforcing); extern void selinux_status_update_policyload(struct selinux_state *state, int seqno); extern void selinux_complete_init(void); extern int selinux_disable(struct selinux_state *state); extern void exit_sel_fs(void); extern struct path selinux_null; extern struct vfsmount *selinuxfs_mount; extern void selnl_notify_setenforce(int val); extern void selnl_notify_policyload(u32 seqno); extern int selinux_nlmsg_lookup(u16 sclass, u16 nlmsg_type, u32 *perm); extern void avtab_cache_init(void); extern void ebitmap_cache_init(void); extern void hashtab_cache_init(void); extern int security_sidtab_hash_stats(struct selinux_state *state, char *page); #endif /* _SELINUX_SECURITY_H_ */
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1822 1823 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+ */ #ifndef _LINUX_XARRAY_H #define _LINUX_XARRAY_H /* * eXtensible Arrays * Copyright (c) 2017 Microsoft Corporation * Author: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org> * * See Documentation/core-api/xarray.rst for how to use the XArray. */ #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/kconfig.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/types.h> /* * The bottom two bits of the entry determine how the XArray interprets * the contents: * * 00: Pointer entry * 10: Internal entry * x1: Value entry or tagged pointer * * Attempting to store internal entries in the XArray is a bug. * * Most internal entries are pointers to the next node in the tree. * The following internal entries have a special meaning: * * 0-62: Sibling entries * 256: Retry entry * 257: Zero entry * * Errors are also represented as internal entries, but use the negative * space (-4094 to -2). They're never stored in the slots array; only * returned by the normal API. */ #define BITS_PER_XA_VALUE (BITS_PER_LONG - 1) /** * xa_mk_value() - Create an XArray entry from an integer. * @v: Value to store in XArray. * * Context: Any context. * Return: An entry suitable for storing in the XArray. */ static inline void *xa_mk_value(unsigned long v) { WARN_ON((long)v < 0); return (void *)((v << 1) | 1); } /** * xa_to_value() - Get value stored in an XArray entry. * @entry: XArray entry. * * Context: Any context. * Return: The value stored in the XArray entry. */ static inline unsigned long xa_to_value(const void *entry) { return (unsigned long)entry >> 1; } /** * xa_is_value() - Determine if an entry is a value. * @entry: XArray entry. * * Context: Any context. * Return: True if the entry is a value, false if it is a pointer. */ static inline bool xa_is_value(const void *entry) { return (unsigned long)entry & 1; } /** * xa_tag_pointer() - Create an XArray entry for a tagged pointer. * @p: Plain pointer. * @tag: Tag value (0, 1 or 3). * * If the user of the XArray prefers, they can tag their pointers instead * of storing value entries. Three tags are available (0, 1 and 3). * These are distinct from the xa_mark_t as they are not replicated up * through the array and cannot be searched for. * * Context: Any context. * Return: An XArray entry. */ static inline void *xa_tag_pointer(void *p, unsigned long tag) { return (void *)((unsigned long)p | tag); } /** * xa_untag_pointer() - Turn an XArray entry into a plain pointer. * @entry: XArray entry. * * If you have stored a tagged pointer in the XArray, call this function * to get the untagged version of the pointer. * * Context: Any context. * Return: A pointer. */ static inline void *xa_untag_pointer(void *entry) { return (void *)((unsigned long)entry & ~3UL); } /** * xa_pointer_tag() - Get the tag stored in an XArray entry. * @entry: XArray entry. * * If you have stored a tagged pointer in the XArray, call this function * to get the tag of that pointer. * * Context: Any context. * Return: A tag. */ static inline unsigned int xa_pointer_tag(void *entry) { return (unsigned long)entry & 3UL; } /* * xa_mk_internal() - Create an internal entry. * @v: Value to turn into an internal entry. * * Internal entries are used for a number of purposes. Entries 0-255 are * used for sibling entries (only 0-62 are used by the current code). 256 * is used for the retry entry. 257 is used for the reserved / zero entry. * Negative internal entries are used to represent errnos. Node pointers * are also tagged as internal entries in some situations. * * Context: Any context. * Return: An XArray internal entry corresponding to this value. */ static inline void *xa_mk_internal(unsigned long v) { return (void *)((v << 2) | 2); } /* * xa_to_internal() - Extract the value from an internal entry. * @entry: XArray entry. * * Context: Any context. * Return: The value which was stored in the internal entry. */ static inline unsigned long xa_to_internal(const void *entry) { return (unsigned long)entry >> 2; } /* * xa_is_internal() - Is the entry an internal entry? * @entry: XArray entry. * * Context: Any context. * Return: %true if the entry is an internal entry. */ static inline bool xa_is_internal(const void *entry) { return ((unsigned long)entry & 3) == 2; } #define XA_ZERO_ENTRY xa_mk_internal(257) /** * xa_is_zero() - Is the entry a zero entry? * @entry: Entry retrieved from the XArray * * The normal API will return NULL as the contents of a slot containing * a zero entry. You can only see zero entries by using the advanced API. * * Return: %true if the entry is a zero entry. */ static inline bool xa_is_zero(const void *entry) { return unlikely(entry == XA_ZERO_ENTRY); } /** * xa_is_err() - Report whether an XArray operation returned an error * @entry: Result from calling an XArray function * * If an XArray operation cannot complete an operation, it will return * a special value indicating an error. This function tells you * whether an error occurred; xa_err() tells you which error occurred. * * Context: Any context. * Return: %true if the entry indicates an error. */ static inline bool xa_is_err(const void *entry) { return unlikely(xa_is_internal(entry) && entry >= xa_mk_internal(-MAX_ERRNO)); } /** * xa_err() - Turn an XArray result into an errno. * @entry: Result from calling an XArray function. * * If an XArray operation cannot complete an operation, it will return * a special pointer value which encodes an errno. This function extracts * the errno from the pointer value, or returns 0 if the pointer does not * represent an errno. * * Context: Any context. * Return: A negative errno or 0. */ static inline int xa_err(void *entry) { /* xa_to_internal() would not do sign extension. */ if (xa_is_err(entry)) return (long)entry >> 2; return 0; } /** * struct xa_limit - Represents a range of IDs. * @min: The lowest ID to allocate (inclusive). * @max: The maximum ID to allocate (inclusive). * * This structure is used either directly or via the XA_LIMIT() macro * to communicate the range of IDs that are valid for allocation. * Two common ranges are predefined for you: * * xa_limit_32b - [0 - UINT_MAX] * * xa_limit_31b - [0 - INT_MAX] */ struct xa_limit { u32 max; u32 min; }; #define XA_LIMIT(_min, _max) (struct xa_limit) { .min = _min, .max = _max } #define xa_limit_32b XA_LIMIT(0, UINT_MAX) #define xa_limit_31b XA_LIMIT(0, INT_MAX) typedef unsigned __bitwise xa_mark_t; #define XA_MARK_0 ((__force xa_mark_t)0U) #define XA_MARK_1 ((__force xa_mark_t)1U) #define XA_MARK_2 ((__force xa_mark_t)2U) #define XA_PRESENT ((__force xa_mark_t)8U) #define XA_MARK_MAX XA_MARK_2 #define XA_FREE_MARK XA_MARK_0 enum xa_lock_type { XA_LOCK_IRQ = 1, XA_LOCK_BH = 2, }; /* * Values for xa_flags. The radix tree stores its GFP flags in the xa_flags, * and we remain compatible with that. */ #define XA_FLAGS_LOCK_IRQ ((__force gfp_t)XA_LOCK_IRQ) #define XA_FLAGS_LOCK_BH ((__force gfp_t)XA_LOCK_BH) #define XA_FLAGS_TRACK_FREE ((__force gfp_t)4U) #define XA_FLAGS_ZERO_BUSY ((__force gfp_t)8U) #define XA_FLAGS_ALLOC_WRAPPED ((__force gfp_t)16U) #define XA_FLAGS_ACCOUNT ((__force gfp_t)32U) #define XA_FLAGS_MARK(mark) ((__force gfp_t)((1U << __GFP_BITS_SHIFT) << \ (__force unsigned)(mark))) /* ALLOC is for a normal 0-based alloc. ALLOC1 is for an 1-based alloc */ #define XA_FLAGS_ALLOC (XA_FLAGS_TRACK_FREE | XA_FLAGS_MARK(XA_FREE_MARK)) #define XA_FLAGS_ALLOC1 (XA_FLAGS_TRACK_FREE | XA_FLAGS_ZERO_BUSY) /** * struct xarray - The anchor of the XArray. * @xa_lock: Lock that protects the contents of the XArray. * * To use the xarray, define it statically or embed it in your data structure. * It is a very small data structure, so it does not usually make sense to * allocate it separately and keep a pointer to it in your data structure. * * You may use the xa_lock to protect your own data structures as well. */ /* * If all of the entries in the array are NULL, @xa_head is a NULL pointer. * If the only non-NULL entry in the array is at index 0, @xa_head is that * entry. If any other entry in the array is non-NULL, @xa_head points * to an @xa_node. */ struct xarray { spinlock_t xa_lock; /* private: The rest of the data structure is not to be used directly. */ gfp_t xa_flags; void __rcu * xa_head; }; #define XARRAY_INIT(name, flags) { \ .xa_lock = __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(name.xa_lock), \ .xa_flags = flags, \ .xa_head = NULL, \ } /** * DEFINE_XARRAY_FLAGS() - Define an XArray with custom flags. * @name: A string that names your XArray. * @flags: XA_FLAG values. * * This is intended for file scope definitions of XArrays. It declares * and initialises an empty XArray with the chosen name and flags. It is * equivalent to calling xa_init_flags() on the array, but it does the * initialisation at compiletime instead of runtime. */ #define DEFINE_XARRAY_FLAGS(name, flags) \ struct xarray name = XARRAY_INIT(name, flags) /** * DEFINE_XARRAY() - Define an XArray. * @name: A string that names your XArray. * * This is intended for file scope definitions of XArrays. It declares * and initialises an empty XArray with the chosen name. It is equivalent * to calling xa_init() on the array, but it does the initialisation at * compiletime instead of runtime. */ #define DEFINE_XARRAY(name) DEFINE_XARRAY_FLAGS(name, 0) /** * DEFINE_XARRAY_ALLOC() - Define an XArray which allocates IDs starting at 0. * @name: A string that names your XArray. * * This is intended for file scope definitions of allocating XArrays. * See also DEFINE_XARRAY(). */ #define DEFINE_XARRAY_ALLOC(name) DEFINE_XARRAY_FLAGS(name, XA_FLAGS_ALLOC) /** * DEFINE_XARRAY_ALLOC1() - Define an XArray which allocates IDs starting at 1. * @name: A string that names your XArray. * * This is intended for file scope definitions of allocating XArrays. * See also DEFINE_XARRAY(). */ #define DEFINE_XARRAY_ALLOC1(name) DEFINE_XARRAY_FLAGS(name, XA_FLAGS_ALLOC1) void *xa_load(struct xarray *, unsigned long index); void *xa_store(struct xarray *, unsigned long index, void *entry, gfp_t); void *xa_erase(struct xarray *, unsigned long index); void *xa_store_range(struct xarray *, unsigned long first, unsigned long last, void *entry, gfp_t); bool xa_get_mark(struct xarray *, unsigned long index, xa_mark_t); void xa_set_mark(struct xarray *, unsigned long index, xa_mark_t); void xa_clear_mark(struct xarray *, unsigned long index, xa_mark_t); void *xa_find(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long *index, unsigned long max, xa_mark_t) __attribute__((nonnull(2))); void *xa_find_after(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long *index, unsigned long max, xa_mark_t) __attribute__((nonnull(2))); unsigned int xa_extract(struct xarray *, void **dst, unsigned long start, unsigned long max, unsigned int n, xa_mark_t); void xa_destroy(struct xarray *); /** * xa_init_flags() - Initialise an empty XArray with flags. * @xa: XArray. * @flags: XA_FLAG values. * * If you need to initialise an XArray with special flags (eg you need * to take the lock from interrupt context), use this function instead * of xa_init(). * * Context: Any context. */ static inline void xa_init_flags(struct xarray *xa, gfp_t flags) { spin_lock_init(&xa->xa_lock); xa->xa_flags = flags; xa->xa_head = NULL; } /** * xa_init() - Initialise an empty XArray. * @xa: XArray. * * An empty XArray is full of NULL entries. * * Context: Any context. */ static inline void xa_init(struct xarray *xa) { xa_init_flags(xa, 0); } /** * xa_empty() - Determine if an array has any present entries. * @xa: XArray. * * Context: Any context. * Return: %true if the array contains only NULL pointers. */ static inline bool xa_empty(const struct xarray *xa) { return xa->xa_head == NULL; } /** * xa_marked() - Inquire whether any entry in this array has a mark set * @xa: Array * @mark: Mark value * * Context: Any context. * Return: %true if any entry has this mark set. */ static inline bool xa_marked(const struct xarray *xa, xa_mark_t mark) { return xa->xa_flags & XA_FLAGS_MARK(mark); } /** * xa_for_each_range() - Iterate over a portion of an XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index of @entry. * @entry: Entry retrieved from array. * @start: First index to retrieve from array. * @last: Last index to retrieve from array. * * During the iteration, @entry will have the value of the entry stored * in @xa at @index. You may modify @index during the iteration if you * want to skip or reprocess indices. It is safe to modify the array * during the iteration. At the end of the iteration, @entry will be set * to NULL and @index will have a value less than or equal to max. * * xa_for_each_range() is O(n.log(n)) while xas_for_each() is O(n). You have * to handle your own locking with xas_for_each(), and if you have to unlock * after each iteration, it will also end up being O(n.log(n)). * xa_for_each_range() will spin if it hits a retry entry; if you intend to * see retry entries, you should use the xas_for_each() iterator instead. * The xas_for_each() iterator will expand into more inline code than * xa_for_each_range(). * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the RCU lock. */ #define xa_for_each_range(xa, index, entry, start, last) \ for (index = start, \ entry = xa_find(xa, &index, last, XA_PRESENT); \ entry; \ entry = xa_find_after(xa, &index, last, XA_PRESENT)) /** * xa_for_each_start() - Iterate over a portion of an XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index of @entry. * @entry: Entry retrieved from array. * @start: First index to retrieve from array. * * During the iteration, @entry will have the value of the entry stored * in @xa at @index. You may modify @index during the iteration if you * want to skip or reprocess indices. It is safe to modify the array * during the iteration. At the end of the iteration, @entry will be set * to NULL and @index will have a value less than or equal to max. * * xa_for_each_start() is O(n.log(n)) while xas_for_each() is O(n). You have * to handle your own locking with xas_for_each(), and if you have to unlock * after each iteration, it will also end up being O(n.log(n)). * xa_for_each_start() will spin if it hits a retry entry; if you intend to * see retry entries, you should use the xas_for_each() iterator instead. * The xas_for_each() iterator will expand into more inline code than * xa_for_each_start(). * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the RCU lock. */ #define xa_for_each_start(xa, index, entry, start) \ xa_for_each_range(xa, index, entry, start, ULONG_MAX) /** * xa_for_each() - Iterate over present entries in an XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index of @entry. * @entry: Entry retrieved from array. * * During the iteration, @entry will have the value of the entry stored * in @xa at @index. You may modify @index during the iteration if you want * to skip or reprocess indices. It is safe to modify the array during the * iteration. At the end of the iteration, @entry will be set to NULL and * @index will have a value less than or equal to max. * * xa_for_each() is O(n.log(n)) while xas_for_each() is O(n). You have * to handle your own locking with xas_for_each(), and if you have to unlock * after each iteration, it will also end up being O(n.log(n)). xa_for_each() * will spin if it hits a retry entry; if you intend to see retry entries, * you should use the xas_for_each() iterator instead. The xas_for_each() * iterator will expand into more inline code than xa_for_each(). * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the RCU lock. */ #define xa_for_each(xa, index, entry) \ xa_for_each_start(xa, index, entry, 0) /** * xa_for_each_marked() - Iterate over marked entries in an XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index of @entry. * @entry: Entry retrieved from array. * @filter: Selection criterion. * * During the iteration, @entry will have the value of the entry stored * in @xa at @index. The iteration will skip all entries in the array * which do not match @filter. You may modify @index during the iteration * if you want to skip or reprocess indices. It is safe to modify the array * during the iteration. At the end of the iteration, @entry will be set to * NULL and @index will have a value less than or equal to max. * * xa_for_each_marked() is O(n.log(n)) while xas_for_each_marked() is O(n). * You have to handle your own locking with xas_for_each(), and if you have * to unlock after each iteration, it will also end up being O(n.log(n)). * xa_for_each_marked() will spin if it hits a retry entry; if you intend to * see retry entries, you should use the xas_for_each_marked() iterator * instead. The xas_for_each_marked() iterator will expand into more inline * code than xa_for_each_marked(). * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the RCU lock. */ #define xa_for_each_marked(xa, index, entry, filter) \ for (index = 0, entry = xa_find(xa, &index, ULONG_MAX, filter); \ entry; entry = xa_find_after(xa, &index, ULONG_MAX, filter)) #define xa_trylock(xa) spin_trylock(&(xa)->xa_lock) #define xa_lock(xa) spin_lock(&(xa)->xa_lock) #define xa_unlock(xa) spin_unlock(&(xa)->xa_lock) #define xa_lock_bh(xa) spin_lock_bh(&(xa)->xa_lock) #define xa_unlock_bh(xa) spin_unlock_bh(&(xa)->xa_lock) #define xa_lock_irq(xa) spin_lock_irq(&(xa)->xa_lock) #define xa_unlock_irq(xa) spin_unlock_irq(&(xa)->xa_lock) #define xa_lock_irqsave(xa, flags) \ spin_lock_irqsave(&(xa)->xa_lock, flags) #define xa_unlock_irqrestore(xa, flags) \ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&(xa)->xa_lock, flags) #define xa_lock_nested(xa, subclass) \ spin_lock_nested(&(xa)->xa_lock, subclass) #define xa_lock_bh_nested(xa, subclass) \ spin_lock_bh_nested(&(xa)->xa_lock, subclass) #define xa_lock_irq_nested(xa, subclass) \ spin_lock_irq_nested(&(xa)->xa_lock, subclass) #define xa_lock_irqsave_nested(xa, flags, subclass) \ spin_lock_irqsave_nested(&(xa)->xa_lock, flags, subclass) /* * Versions of the normal API which require the caller to hold the * xa_lock. If the GFP flags allow it, they will drop the lock to * allocate memory, then reacquire it afterwards. These functions * may also re-enable interrupts if the XArray flags indicate the * locking should be interrupt safe. */ void *__xa_erase(struct xarray *, unsigned long index); void *__xa_store(struct xarray *, unsigned long index, void *entry, gfp_t); void *__xa_cmpxchg(struct xarray *, unsigned long index, void *old, void *entry, gfp_t); int __must_check __xa_insert(struct xarray *, unsigned long index, void *entry, gfp_t); int __must_check __xa_alloc(struct xarray *, u32 *id, void *entry, struct xa_limit, gfp_t); int __must_check __xa_alloc_cyclic(struct xarray *, u32 *id, void *entry, struct xa_limit, u32 *next, gfp_t); void __xa_set_mark(struct xarray *, unsigned long index, xa_mark_t); void __xa_clear_mark(struct xarray *, unsigned long index, xa_mark_t); /** * xa_store_bh() - Store this entry in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index into array. * @entry: New entry. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * This function is like calling xa_store() except it disables softirqs * while holding the array lock. * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling softirqs. * Return: The old entry at this index or xa_err() if an error happened. */ static inline void *xa_store_bh(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, void *entry, gfp_t gfp) { void *curr; xa_lock_bh(xa); curr = __xa_store(xa, index, entry, gfp); xa_unlock_bh(xa); return curr; } /** * xa_store_irq() - Store this entry in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index into array. * @entry: New entry. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * This function is like calling xa_store() except it disables interrupts * while holding the array lock. * * Context: Process context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling interrupts. * Return: The old entry at this index or xa_err() if an error happened. */ static inline void *xa_store_irq(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, void *entry, gfp_t gfp) { void *curr; xa_lock_irq(xa); curr = __xa_store(xa, index, entry, gfp); xa_unlock_irq(xa); return curr; } /** * xa_erase_bh() - Erase this entry from the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index of entry. * * After this function returns, loading from @index will return %NULL. * If the index is part of a multi-index entry, all indices will be erased * and none of the entries will be part of a multi-index entry. * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling softirqs. * Return: The entry which used to be at this index. */ static inline void *xa_erase_bh(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index) { void *entry; xa_lock_bh(xa); entry = __xa_erase(xa, index); xa_unlock_bh(xa); return entry; } /** * xa_erase_irq() - Erase this entry from the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index of entry. * * After this function returns, loading from @index will return %NULL. * If the index is part of a multi-index entry, all indices will be erased * and none of the entries will be part of a multi-index entry. * * Context: Process context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling interrupts. * Return: The entry which used to be at this index. */ static inline void *xa_erase_irq(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index) { void *entry; xa_lock_irq(xa); entry = __xa_erase(xa, index); xa_unlock_irq(xa); return entry; } /** * xa_cmpxchg() - Conditionally replace an entry in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index into array. * @old: Old value to test against. * @entry: New value to place in array. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * If the entry at @index is the same as @old, replace it with @entry. * If the return value is equal to @old, then the exchange was successful. * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the xa_lock. May sleep * if the @gfp flags permit. * Return: The old value at this index or xa_err() if an error happened. */ static inline void *xa_cmpxchg(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, void *old, void *entry, gfp_t gfp) { void *curr; xa_lock(xa); curr = __xa_cmpxchg(xa, index, old, entry, gfp); xa_unlock(xa); return curr; } /** * xa_cmpxchg_bh() - Conditionally replace an entry in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index into array. * @old: Old value to test against. * @entry: New value to place in array. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * This function is like calling xa_cmpxchg() except it disables softirqs * while holding the array lock. * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling softirqs. May sleep if the @gfp flags permit. * Return: The old value at this index or xa_err() if an error happened. */ static inline void *xa_cmpxchg_bh(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, void *old, void *entry, gfp_t gfp) { void *curr; xa_lock_bh(xa); curr = __xa_cmpxchg(xa, index, old, entry, gfp); xa_unlock_bh(xa); return curr; } /** * xa_cmpxchg_irq() - Conditionally replace an entry in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index into array. * @old: Old value to test against. * @entry: New value to place in array. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * This function is like calling xa_cmpxchg() except it disables interrupts * while holding the array lock. * * Context: Process context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling interrupts. May sleep if the @gfp flags permit. * Return: The old value at this index or xa_err() if an error happened. */ static inline void *xa_cmpxchg_irq(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, void *old, void *entry, gfp_t gfp) { void *curr; xa_lock_irq(xa); curr = __xa_cmpxchg(xa, index, old, entry, gfp); xa_unlock_irq(xa); return curr; } /** * xa_insert() - Store this entry in the XArray unless another entry is * already present. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index into array. * @entry: New entry. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Inserting a NULL entry will store a reserved entry (like xa_reserve()) * if no entry is present. Inserting will fail if a reserved entry is * present, even though loading from this index will return NULL. * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the xa_lock. May sleep if * the @gfp flags permit. * Return: 0 if the store succeeded. -EBUSY if another entry was present. * -ENOMEM if memory could not be allocated. */ static inline int __must_check xa_insert(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, void *entry, gfp_t gfp) { int err; xa_lock(xa); err = __xa_insert(xa, index, entry, gfp); xa_unlock(xa); return err; } /** * xa_insert_bh() - Store this entry in the XArray unless another entry is * already present. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index into array. * @entry: New entry. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Inserting a NULL entry will store a reserved entry (like xa_reserve()) * if no entry is present. Inserting will fail if a reserved entry is * present, even though loading from this index will return NULL. * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling softirqs. May sleep if the @gfp flags permit. * Return: 0 if the store succeeded. -EBUSY if another entry was present. * -ENOMEM if memory could not be allocated. */ static inline int __must_check xa_insert_bh(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, void *entry, gfp_t gfp) { int err; xa_lock_bh(xa); err = __xa_insert(xa, index, entry, gfp); xa_unlock_bh(xa); return err; } /** * xa_insert_irq() - Store this entry in the XArray unless another entry is * already present. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index into array. * @entry: New entry. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Inserting a NULL entry will store a reserved entry (like xa_reserve()) * if no entry is present. Inserting will fail if a reserved entry is * present, even though loading from this index will return NULL. * * Context: Process context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling interrupts. May sleep if the @gfp flags permit. * Return: 0 if the store succeeded. -EBUSY if another entry was present. * -ENOMEM if memory could not be allocated. */ static inline int __must_check xa_insert_irq(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, void *entry, gfp_t gfp) { int err; xa_lock_irq(xa); err = __xa_insert(xa, index, entry, gfp); xa_unlock_irq(xa); return err; } /** * xa_alloc() - Find somewhere to store this entry in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @id: Pointer to ID. * @entry: New entry. * @limit: Range of ID to allocate. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Finds an empty entry in @xa between @limit.min and @limit.max, * stores the index into the @id pointer, then stores the entry at * that index. A concurrent lookup will not see an uninitialised @id. * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the xa_lock. May sleep if * the @gfp flags permit. * Return: 0 on success, -ENOMEM if memory could not be allocated or * -EBUSY if there are no free entries in @limit. */ static inline __must_check int xa_alloc(struct xarray *xa, u32 *id, void *entry, struct xa_limit limit, gfp_t gfp) { int err; xa_lock(xa); err = __xa_alloc(xa, id, entry, limit, gfp); xa_unlock(xa); return err; } /** * xa_alloc_bh() - Find somewhere to store this entry in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @id: Pointer to ID. * @entry: New entry. * @limit: Range of ID to allocate. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Finds an empty entry in @xa between @limit.min and @limit.max, * stores the index into the @id pointer, then stores the entry at * that index. A concurrent lookup will not see an uninitialised @id. * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling softirqs. May sleep if the @gfp flags permit. * Return: 0 on success, -ENOMEM if memory could not be allocated or * -EBUSY if there are no free entries in @limit. */ static inline int __must_check xa_alloc_bh(struct xarray *xa, u32 *id, void *entry, struct xa_limit limit, gfp_t gfp) { int err; xa_lock_bh(xa); err = __xa_alloc(xa, id, entry, limit, gfp); xa_unlock_bh(xa); return err; } /** * xa_alloc_irq() - Find somewhere to store this entry in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @id: Pointer to ID. * @entry: New entry. * @limit: Range of ID to allocate. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Finds an empty entry in @xa between @limit.min and @limit.max, * stores the index into the @id pointer, then stores the entry at * that index. A concurrent lookup will not see an uninitialised @id. * * Context: Process context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling interrupts. May sleep if the @gfp flags permit. * Return: 0 on success, -ENOMEM if memory could not be allocated or * -EBUSY if there are no free entries in @limit. */ static inline int __must_check xa_alloc_irq(struct xarray *xa, u32 *id, void *entry, struct xa_limit limit, gfp_t gfp) { int err; xa_lock_irq(xa); err = __xa_alloc(xa, id, entry, limit, gfp); xa_unlock_irq(xa); return err; } /** * xa_alloc_cyclic() - Find somewhere to store this entry in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @id: Pointer to ID. * @entry: New entry. * @limit: Range of allocated ID. * @next: Pointer to next ID to allocate. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Finds an empty entry in @xa between @limit.min and @limit.max, * stores the index into the @id pointer, then stores the entry at * that index. A concurrent lookup will not see an uninitialised @id. * The search for an empty entry will start at @next and will wrap * around if necessary. * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the xa_lock. May sleep if * the @gfp flags permit. * Return: 0 if the allocation succeeded without wrapping. 1 if the * allocation succeeded after wrapping, -ENOMEM if memory could not be * allocated or -EBUSY if there are no free entries in @limit. */ static inline int xa_alloc_cyclic(struct xarray *xa, u32 *id, void *entry, struct xa_limit limit, u32 *next, gfp_t gfp) { int err; xa_lock(xa); err = __xa_alloc_cyclic(xa, id, entry, limit, next, gfp); xa_unlock(xa); return err; } /** * xa_alloc_cyclic_bh() - Find somewhere to store this entry in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @id: Pointer to ID. * @entry: New entry. * @limit: Range of allocated ID. * @next: Pointer to next ID to allocate. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Finds an empty entry in @xa between @limit.min and @limit.max, * stores the index into the @id pointer, then stores the entry at * that index. A concurrent lookup will not see an uninitialised @id. * The search for an empty entry will start at @next and will wrap * around if necessary. * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling softirqs. May sleep if the @gfp flags permit. * Return: 0 if the allocation succeeded without wrapping. 1 if the * allocation succeeded after wrapping, -ENOMEM if memory could not be * allocated or -EBUSY if there are no free entries in @limit. */ static inline int xa_alloc_cyclic_bh(struct xarray *xa, u32 *id, void *entry, struct xa_limit limit, u32 *next, gfp_t gfp) { int err; xa_lock_bh(xa); err = __xa_alloc_cyclic(xa, id, entry, limit, next, gfp); xa_unlock_bh(xa); return err; } /** * xa_alloc_cyclic_irq() - Find somewhere to store this entry in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @id: Pointer to ID. * @entry: New entry. * @limit: Range of allocated ID. * @next: Pointer to next ID to allocate. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Finds an empty entry in @xa between @limit.min and @limit.max, * stores the index into the @id pointer, then stores the entry at * that index. A concurrent lookup will not see an uninitialised @id. * The search for an empty entry will start at @next and will wrap * around if necessary. * * Context: Process context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling interrupts. May sleep if the @gfp flags permit. * Return: 0 if the allocation succeeded without wrapping. 1 if the * allocation succeeded after wrapping, -ENOMEM if memory could not be * allocated or -EBUSY if there are no free entries in @limit. */ static inline int xa_alloc_cyclic_irq(struct xarray *xa, u32 *id, void *entry, struct xa_limit limit, u32 *next, gfp_t gfp) { int err; xa_lock_irq(xa); err = __xa_alloc_cyclic(xa, id, entry, limit, next, gfp); xa_unlock_irq(xa); return err; } /** * xa_reserve() - Reserve this index in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index into array. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Ensures there is somewhere to store an entry at @index in the array. * If there is already something stored at @index, this function does * nothing. If there was nothing there, the entry is marked as reserved. * Loading from a reserved entry returns a %NULL pointer. * * If you do not use the entry that you have reserved, call xa_release() * or xa_erase() to free any unnecessary memory. * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the xa_lock. * May sleep if the @gfp flags permit. * Return: 0 if the reservation succeeded or -ENOMEM if it failed. */ static inline __must_check int xa_reserve(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, gfp_t gfp) { return xa_err(xa_cmpxchg(xa, index, NULL, XA_ZERO_ENTRY, gfp)); } /** * xa_reserve_bh() - Reserve this index in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index into array. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * A softirq-disabling version of xa_reserve(). * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling softirqs. * Return: 0 if the reservation succeeded or -ENOMEM if it failed. */ static inline __must_check int xa_reserve_bh(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, gfp_t gfp) { return xa_err(xa_cmpxchg_bh(xa, index, NULL, XA_ZERO_ENTRY, gfp)); } /** * xa_reserve_irq() - Reserve this index in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index into array. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * An interrupt-disabling version of xa_reserve(). * * Context: Process context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling interrupts. * Return: 0 if the reservation succeeded or -ENOMEM if it failed. */ static inline __must_check int xa_reserve_irq(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, gfp_t gfp) { return xa_err(xa_cmpxchg_irq(xa, index, NULL, XA_ZERO_ENTRY, gfp)); } /** * xa_release() - Release a reserved entry. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index of entry. * * After calling xa_reserve(), you can call this function to release the * reservation. If the entry at @index has been stored to, this function * will do nothing. */ static inline void xa_release(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index) { xa_cmpxchg(xa, index, XA_ZERO_ENTRY, NULL, 0); } /* Everything below here is the Advanced API. Proceed with caution. */ /* * The xarray is constructed out of a set of 'chunks' of pointers. Choosing * the best chunk size requires some tradeoffs. A power of two recommends * itself so that we can walk the tree based purely on shifts and masks. * Generally, the larger the better; as the number of slots per level of the * tree increases, the less tall the tree needs to be. But that needs to be * balanced against the memory consumption of each node. On a 64-bit system, * xa_node is currently 576 bytes, and we get 7 of them per 4kB page. If we * doubled the number of slots per node, we'd get only 3 nodes per 4kB page. */ #ifndef XA_CHUNK_SHIFT #define XA_CHUNK_SHIFT (CONFIG_BASE_SMALL ? 4 : 6) #endif #define XA_CHUNK_SIZE (1UL << XA_CHUNK_SHIFT) #define XA_CHUNK_MASK (XA_CHUNK_SIZE - 1) #define XA_MAX_MARKS 3 #define XA_MARK_LONGS DIV_ROUND_UP(XA_CHUNK_SIZE, BITS_PER_LONG) /* * @count is the count of every non-NULL element in the ->slots array * whether that is a value entry, a retry entry, a user pointer, * a sibling entry or a pointer to the next level of the tree. * @nr_values is the count of every element in ->slots which is * either a value entry or a sibling of a value entry. */ struct xa_node { unsigned char shift; /* Bits remaining in each slot */ unsigned char offset; /* Slot offset in parent */ unsigned char count; /* Total entry count */ unsigned char nr_values; /* Value entry count */ struct xa_node __rcu *parent; /* NULL at top of tree */ struct xarray *array; /* The array we belong to */ union { struct list_head private_list; /* For tree user */ struct rcu_head rcu_head; /* Used when freeing node */ }; void __rcu *slots[XA_CHUNK_SIZE]; union { unsigned long tags[XA_MAX_MARKS][XA_MARK_LONGS]; unsigned long marks[XA_MAX_MARKS][XA_MARK_LONGS]; }; }; void xa_dump(const struct xarray *); void xa_dump_node(const struct xa_node *); #ifdef XA_DEBUG #define XA_BUG_ON(xa, x) do { \ if (x) { \ xa_dump(xa); \ BUG(); \ } \ } while (0) #define XA_NODE_BUG_ON(node, x) do { \ if (x) { \ if (node) xa_dump_node(node); \ BUG(); \ } \ } while (0) #else #define XA_BUG_ON(xa, x) do { } while (0) #define XA_NODE_BUG_ON(node, x) do { } while (0) #endif /* Private */ static inline void *xa_head(const struct xarray *xa) { return rcu_dereference_check(xa->xa_head, lockdep_is_held(&xa->xa_lock)); } /* Private */ static inline void *xa_head_locked(const struct xarray *xa) { return rcu_dereference_protected(xa->xa_head, lockdep_is_held(&xa->xa_lock)); } /* Private */ static inline void *xa_entry(const struct xarray *xa, const struct xa_node *node, unsigned int offset) { XA_NODE_BUG_ON(node, offset >= XA_CHUNK_SIZE); return rcu_dereference_check(node->slots[offset], lockdep_is_held(&xa->xa_lock)); } /* Private */ static inline void *xa_entry_locked(const struct xarray *xa, const struct xa_node *node, unsigned int offset) { XA_NODE_BUG_ON(node, offset >= XA_CHUNK_SIZE); return rcu_dereference_protected(node->slots[offset], lockdep_is_held(&xa->xa_lock)); } /* Private */ static inline struct xa_node *xa_parent(const struct xarray *xa, const struct xa_node *node) { return rcu_dereference_check(node->parent, lockdep_is_held(&xa->xa_lock)); } /* Private */ static inline struct xa_node *xa_parent_locked(const struct xarray *xa, const struct xa_node *node) { return rcu_dereference_protected(node->parent, lockdep_is_held(&xa->xa_lock)); } /* Private */ static inline void *xa_mk_node(const struct xa_node *node) { return (void *)((unsigned long)node | 2); } /* Private */ static inline struct xa_node *xa_to_node(const void *entry) { return (struct xa_node *)((unsigned long)entry - 2); } /* Private */ static inline bool xa_is_node(const void *entry) { return xa_is_internal(entry) && (unsigned long)entry > 4096; } /* Private */ static inline void *xa_mk_sibling(unsigned int offset) { return xa_mk_internal(offset); } /* Private */ static inline unsigned long xa_to_sibling(const void *entry) { return xa_to_internal(entry); } /** * xa_is_sibling() - Is the entry a sibling entry? * @entry: Entry retrieved from the XArray * * Return: %true if the entry is a sibling entry. */ static inline bool xa_is_sibling(const void *entry) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_XARRAY_MULTI) && xa_is_internal(entry) && (entry < xa_mk_sibling(XA_CHUNK_SIZE - 1)); } #define XA_RETRY_ENTRY xa_mk_internal(256) /** * xa_is_retry() - Is the entry a retry entry? * @entry: Entry retrieved from the XArray * * Return: %true if the entry is a retry entry. */ static inline bool xa_is_retry(const void *entry) { return unlikely(entry == XA_RETRY_ENTRY); } /** * xa_is_advanced() - Is the entry only permitted for the advanced API? * @entry: Entry to be stored in the XArray. * * Return: %true if the entry cannot be stored by the normal API. */ static inline bool xa_is_advanced(const void *entry) { return xa_is_internal(entry) && (entry <= XA_RETRY_ENTRY); } /** * typedef xa_update_node_t - A callback function from the XArray. * @node: The node which is being processed * * This function is called every time the XArray updates the count of * present and value entries in a node. It allows advanced users to * maintain the private_list in the node. * * Context: The xa_lock is held and interrupts may be disabled. * Implementations should not drop the xa_lock, nor re-enable * interrupts. */ typedef void (*xa_update_node_t)(struct xa_node *node); void xa_delete_node(struct xa_node *, xa_update_node_t); /* * The xa_state is opaque to its users. It contains various different pieces * of state involved in the current operation on the XArray. It should be * declared on the stack and passed between the various internal routines. * The various elements in it should not be accessed directly, but only * through the provided accessor functions. The below documentation is for * the benefit of those working on the code, not for users of the XArray. * * @xa_node usually points to the xa_node containing the slot we're operating * on (and @xa_offset is the offset in the slots array). If there is a * single entry in the array at index 0, there are no allocated xa_nodes to * point to, and so we store %NULL in @xa_node. @xa_node is set to * the value %XAS_RESTART if the xa_state is not walked to the correct * position in the tree of nodes for this operation. If an error occurs * during an operation, it is set to an %XAS_ERROR value. If we run off the * end of the allocated nodes, it is set to %XAS_BOUNDS. */ struct xa_state { struct xarray *xa; unsigned long xa_index; unsigned char xa_shift; unsigned char xa_sibs; unsigned char xa_offset; unsigned char xa_pad; /* Helps gcc generate better code */ struct xa_node *xa_node; struct xa_node *xa_alloc; xa_update_node_t xa_update; }; /* * We encode errnos in the xas->xa_node. If an error has happened, we need to * drop the lock to fix it, and once we've done so the xa_state is invalid. */ #define XA_ERROR(errno) ((struct xa_node *)(((unsigned long)errno << 2) | 2UL)) #define XAS_BOUNDS ((struct xa_node *)1UL) #define XAS_RESTART ((struct xa_node *)3UL) #define __XA_STATE(array, index, shift, sibs) { \ .xa = array, \ .xa_index = index, \ .xa_shift = shift, \ .xa_sibs = sibs, \ .xa_offset = 0, \ .xa_pad = 0, \ .xa_node = XAS_RESTART, \ .xa_alloc = NULL, \ .xa_update = NULL \ } /** * XA_STATE() - Declare an XArray operation state. * @name: Name of this operation state (usually xas). * @array: Array to operate on. * @index: Initial index of interest. * * Declare and initialise an xa_state on the stack. */ #define XA_STATE(name, array, index) \ struct xa_state name = __XA_STATE(array, index, 0, 0) /** * XA_STATE_ORDER() - Declare an XArray operation state. * @name: Name of this operation state (usually xas). * @array: Array to operate on. * @index: Initial index of interest. * @order: Order of entry. * * Declare and initialise an xa_state on the stack. This variant of * XA_STATE() allows you to specify the 'order' of the element you * want to operate on.` */ #define XA_STATE_ORDER(name, array, index, order) \ struct xa_state name = __XA_STATE(array, \ (index >> order) << order, \ order - (order % XA_CHUNK_SHIFT), \ (1U << (order % XA_CHUNK_SHIFT)) - 1) #define xas_marked(xas, mark) xa_marked((xas)->xa, (mark)) #define xas_trylock(xas) xa_trylock((xas)->xa) #define xas_lock(xas) xa_lock((xas)->xa) #define xas_unlock(xas) xa_unlock((xas)->xa) #define xas_lock_bh(xas) xa_lock_bh((xas)->xa) #define xas_unlock_bh(xas) xa_unlock_bh((xas)->xa) #define xas_lock_irq(xas) xa_lock_irq((xas)->xa) #define xas_unlock_irq(xas) xa_unlock_irq((xas)->xa) #define xas_lock_irqsave(xas, flags) \ xa_lock_irqsave((xas)->xa, flags) #define xas_unlock_irqrestore(xas, flags) \ xa_unlock_irqrestore((xas)->xa, flags) /** * xas_error() - Return an errno stored in the xa_state. * @xas: XArray operation state. * * Return: 0 if no error has been noted. A negative errno if one has. */ static inline int xas_error(const struct xa_state *xas) { return xa_err(xas->xa_node); } /** * xas_set_err() - Note an error in the xa_state. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @err: Negative error number. * * Only call this function with a negative @err; zero or positive errors * will probably not behave the way you think they should. If you want * to clear the error from an xa_state, use xas_reset(). */ static inline void xas_set_err(struct xa_state *xas, long err) { xas->xa_node = XA_ERROR(err); } /** * xas_invalid() - Is the xas in a retry or error state? * @xas: XArray operation state. * * Return: %true if the xas cannot be used for operations. */ static inline bool xas_invalid(const struct xa_state *xas) { return (unsigned long)xas->xa_node & 3; } /** * xas_valid() - Is the xas a valid cursor into the array? * @xas: XArray operation state. * * Return: %true if the xas can be used for operations. */ static inline bool xas_valid(const struct xa_state *xas) { return !xas_invalid(xas); } /** * xas_is_node() - Does the xas point to a node? * @xas: XArray operation state. * * Return: %true if the xas currently references a node. */ static inline bool xas_is_node(const struct xa_state *xas) { return xas_valid(xas) && xas->xa_node; } /* True if the pointer is something other than a node */ static inline bool xas_not_node(struct xa_node *node) { return ((unsigned long)node & 3) || !node; } /* True if the node represents RESTART or an error */ static inline bool xas_frozen(struct xa_node *node) { return (unsigned long)node & 2; } /* True if the node represents head-of-tree, RESTART or BOUNDS */ static inline bool xas_top(struct xa_node *node) { return node <= XAS_RESTART; } /** * xas_reset() - Reset an XArray operation state. * @xas: XArray operation state. * * Resets the error or walk state of the @xas so future walks of the * array will start from the root. Use this if you have dropped the * xarray lock and want to reuse the xa_state. * * Context: Any context. */ static inline void xas_reset(struct xa_state *xas) { xas->xa_node = XAS_RESTART; } /** * xas_retry() - Retry the operation if appropriate. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @entry: Entry from xarray. * * The advanced functions may sometimes return an internal entry, such as * a retry entry or a zero entry. This function sets up the @xas to restart * the walk from the head of the array if needed. * * Context: Any context. * Return: true if the operation needs to be retried. */ static inline bool xas_retry(struct xa_state *xas, const void *entry) { if (xa_is_zero(entry)) return true; if (!xa_is_retry(entry)) return false; xas_reset(xas); return true; } void *xas_load(struct xa_state *); void *xas_store(struct xa_state *, void *entry); void *xas_find(struct xa_state *, unsigned long max); void *xas_find_conflict(struct xa_state *); bool xas_get_mark(const struct xa_state *, xa_mark_t); void xas_set_mark(const struct xa_state *, xa_mark_t); void xas_clear_mark(const struct xa_state *, xa_mark_t); void *xas_find_marked(struct xa_state *, unsigned long max, xa_mark_t); void xas_init_marks(const struct xa_state *); bool xas_nomem(struct xa_state *, gfp_t); void xas_pause(struct xa_state *); void xas_create_range(struct xa_state *); #ifdef CONFIG_XARRAY_MULTI int xa_get_order(struct xarray *, unsigned long index); void xas_split(struct xa_state *, void *entry, unsigned int order); void xas_split_alloc(struct xa_state *, void *entry, unsigned int order, gfp_t); #else static inline int xa_get_order(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index) { return 0; } static inline void xas_split(struct xa_state *xas, void *entry, unsigned int order) { xas_store(xas, entry); } static inline void xas_split_alloc(struct xa_state *xas, void *entry, unsigned int order, gfp_t gfp) { } #endif /** * xas_reload() - Refetch an entry from the xarray. * @xas: XArray operation state. * * Use this function to check that a previously loaded entry still has * the same value. This is useful for the lockless pagecache lookup where * we walk the array with only the RCU lock to protect us, lock the page, * then check that the page hasn't moved since we looked it up. * * The caller guarantees that @xas is still valid. If it may be in an * error or restart state, call xas_load() instead. * * Return: The entry at this location in the xarray. */ static inline void *xas_reload(struct xa_state *xas) { struct xa_node *node = xas->xa_node; void *entry; char offset; if (!node) return xa_head(xas->xa); if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_XARRAY_MULTI)) { offset = (xas->xa_index >> node->shift) & XA_CHUNK_MASK; entry = xa_entry(xas->xa, node, offset); if (!xa_is_sibling(entry)) return entry; offset = xa_to_sibling(entry); } else { offset = xas->xa_offset; } return xa_entry(xas->xa, node, offset); } /** * xas_set() - Set up XArray operation state for a different index. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @index: New index into the XArray. * * Move the operation state to refer to a different index. This will * have the effect of starting a walk from the top; see xas_next() * to move to an adjacent index. */ static inline void xas_set(struct xa_state *xas, unsigned long index) { xas->xa_index = index; xas->xa_node = XAS_RESTART; } /** * xas_set_order() - Set up XArray operation state for a multislot entry. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @index: Target of the operation. * @order: Entry occupies 2^@order indices. */ static inline void xas_set_order(struct xa_state *xas, unsigned long index, unsigned int order) { #ifdef CONFIG_XARRAY_MULTI xas->xa_index = order < BITS_PER_LONG ? (index >> order) << order : 0; xas->xa_shift = order - (order % XA_CHUNK_SHIFT); xas->xa_sibs = (1 << (order % XA_CHUNK_SHIFT)) - 1; xas->xa_node = XAS_RESTART; #else BUG_ON(order > 0); xas_set(xas, index); #endif } /** * xas_set_update() - Set up XArray operation state for a callback. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @update: Function to call when updating a node. * * The XArray can notify a caller after it has updated an xa_node. * This is advanced functionality and is only needed by the page cache. */ static inline void xas_set_update(struct xa_state *xas, xa_update_node_t update) { xas->xa_update = update; } /** * xas_next_entry() - Advance iterator to next present entry. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @max: Highest index to return. * * xas_next_entry() is an inline function to optimise xarray traversal for * speed. It is equivalent to calling xas_find(), and will call xas_find() * for all the hard cases. * * Return: The next present entry after the one currently referred to by @xas. */ static inline void *xas_next_entry(struct xa_state *xas, unsigned long max) { struct xa_node *node = xas->xa_node; void *entry; if (unlikely(xas_not_node(node) || node->shift || xas->xa_offset != (xas->xa_index & XA_CHUNK_MASK))) return xas_find(xas, max); do { if (unlikely(xas->xa_index >= max)) return xas_find(xas, max); if (unlikely(xas->xa_offset == XA_CHUNK_MASK)) return xas_find(xas, max); entry = xa_entry(xas->xa, node, xas->xa_offset + 1); if (unlikely(xa_is_internal(entry))) return xas_find(xas, max); xas->xa_offset++; xas->xa_index++; } while (!entry); return entry; } /* Private */ static inline unsigned int xas_find_chunk(struct xa_state *xas, bool advance, xa_mark_t mark) { unsigned long *addr = xas->xa_node->marks[(__force unsigned)mark]; unsigned int offset = xas->xa_offset; if (advance) offset++; if (XA_CHUNK_SIZE == BITS_PER_LONG) { if (offset < XA_CHUNK_SIZE) { unsigned long data = *addr & (~0UL << offset); if (data) return __ffs(data); } return XA_CHUNK_SIZE; } return find_next_bit(addr, XA_CHUNK_SIZE, offset); } /** * xas_next_marked() - Advance iterator to next marked entry. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @max: Highest index to return. * @mark: Mark to search for. * * xas_next_marked() is an inline function to optimise xarray traversal for * speed. It is equivalent to calling xas_find_marked(), and will call * xas_find_marked() for all the hard cases. * * Return: The next marked entry after the one currently referred to by @xas. */ static inline void *xas_next_marked(struct xa_state *xas, unsigned long max, xa_mark_t mark) { struct xa_node *node = xas->xa_node; void *entry; unsigned int offset; if (unlikely(xas_not_node(node) || node->shift)) return xas_find_marked(xas, max, mark); offset = xas_find_chunk(xas, true, mark); xas->xa_offset = offset; xas->xa_index = (xas->xa_index & ~XA_CHUNK_MASK) + offset; if (xas->xa_index > max) return NULL; if (offset == XA_CHUNK_SIZE) return xas_find_marked(xas, max, mark); entry = xa_entry(xas->xa, node, offset); if (!entry) return xas_find_marked(xas, max, mark); return entry; } /* * If iterating while holding a lock, drop the lock and reschedule * every %XA_CHECK_SCHED loops. */ enum { XA_CHECK_SCHED = 4096, }; /** * xas_for_each() - Iterate over a range of an XArray. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @entry: Entry retrieved from the array. * @max: Maximum index to retrieve from array. * * The loop body will be executed for each entry present in the xarray * between the current xas position and @max. @entry will be set to * the entry retrieved from the xarray. It is safe to delete entries * from the array in the loop body. You should hold either the RCU lock * or the xa_lock while iterating. If you need to drop the lock, call * xas_pause() first. */ #define xas_for_each(xas, entry, max) \ for (entry = xas_find(xas, max); entry; \ entry = xas_next_entry(xas, max)) /** * xas_for_each_marked() - Iterate over a range of an XArray. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @entry: Entry retrieved from the array. * @max: Maximum index to retrieve from array. * @mark: Mark to search for. * * The loop body will be executed for each marked entry in the xarray * between the current xas position and @max. @entry will be set to * the entry retrieved from the xarray. It is safe to delete entries * from the array in the loop body. You should hold either the RCU lock * or the xa_lock while iterating. If you need to drop the lock, call * xas_pause() first. */ #define xas_for_each_marked(xas, entry, max, mark) \ for (entry = xas_find_marked(xas, max, mark); entry; \ entry = xas_next_marked(xas, max, mark)) /** * xas_for_each_conflict() - Iterate over a range of an XArray. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @entry: Entry retrieved from the array. * * The loop body will be executed for each entry in the XArray that * lies within the range specified by @xas. If the loop terminates * normally, @entry will be %NULL. The user may break out of the loop, * which will leave @entry set to the conflicting entry. The caller * may also call xa_set_err() to exit the loop while setting an error * to record the reason. */ #define xas_for_each_conflict(xas, entry) \ while ((entry = xas_find_conflict(xas))) void *__xas_next(struct xa_state *); void *__xas_prev(struct xa_state *); /** * xas_prev() - Move iterator to previous index. * @xas: XArray operation state. * * If the @xas was in an error state, it will remain in an error state * and this function will return %NULL. If the @xas has never been walked, * it will have the effect of calling xas_load(). Otherwise one will be * subtracted from the index and the state will be walked to the correct * location in the array for the next operation. * * If the iterator was referencing index 0, this function wraps * around to %ULONG_MAX. * * Return: The entry at the new index. This may be %NULL or an internal * entry. */ static inline void *xas_prev(struct xa_state *xas) { struct xa_node *node = xas->xa_node; if (unlikely(xas_not_node(node) || node->shift || xas->xa_offset == 0)) return __xas_prev(xas); xas->xa_index--; xas->xa_offset--; return xa_entry(xas->xa, node, xas->xa_offset); } /** * xas_next() - Move state to next index. * @xas: XArray operation state. * * If the @xas was in an error state, it will remain in an error state * and this function will return %NULL. If the @xas has never been walked, * it will have the effect of calling xas_load(). Otherwise one will be * added to the index and the state will be walked to the correct * location in the array for the next operation. * * If the iterator was referencing index %ULONG_MAX, this function wraps * around to 0. * * Return: The entry at the new index. This may be %NULL or an internal * entry. */ static inline void *xas_next(struct xa_state *xas) { struct xa_node *node = xas->xa_node; if (unlikely(xas_not_node(node) || node->shift || xas->xa_offset == XA_CHUNK_MASK)) return __xas_next(xas); xas->xa_index++; xas->xa_offset++; return xa_entry(xas->xa, node, xas->xa_offset); } #endif /* _LINUX_XARRAY_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_DESC_H #define _ASM_X86_DESC_H #include <asm/desc_defs.h> #include <asm/ldt.h> #include <asm/mmu.h> #include <asm/fixmap.h> #include <asm/irq_vectors.h> #include <asm/cpu_entry_area.h> #include <linux/smp.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> static inline void fill_ldt(struct desc_struct *desc, const struct user_desc *info) { desc->limit0 = info->limit & 0x0ffff; desc->base0 = (info->base_addr & 0x0000ffff); desc->base1 = (info->base_addr & 0x00ff0000) >> 16; desc->type = (info->read_exec_only ^ 1) << 1; desc->type |= info->contents << 2; /* Set the ACCESS bit so it can be mapped RO */ desc->type |= 1; desc->s = 1; desc->dpl = 0x3; desc->p = info->seg_not_present ^ 1; desc->limit1 = (info->limit & 0xf0000) >> 16; desc->avl = info->useable; desc->d = info->seg_32bit; desc->g = info->limit_in_pages; desc->base2 = (info->base_addr & 0xff000000) >> 24; /* * Don't allow setting of the lm bit. It would confuse * user_64bit_mode and would get overridden by sysret anyway. */ desc->l = 0; } struct gdt_page { struct desc_struct gdt[GDT_ENTRIES]; } __attribute__((aligned(PAGE_SIZE))); DECLARE_PER_CPU_PAGE_ALIGNED(struct gdt_page, gdt_page); /* Provide the original GDT */ static inline struct desc_struct *get_cpu_gdt_rw(unsigned int cpu) { return per_cpu(gdt_page, cpu).gdt; } /* Provide the current original GDT */ static inline struct desc_struct *get_current_gdt_rw(void) { return this_cpu_ptr(&gdt_page)->gdt; } /* Provide the fixmap address of the remapped GDT */ static inline struct desc_struct *get_cpu_gdt_ro(int cpu) { return (struct desc_struct *)&get_cpu_entry_area(cpu)->gdt; } /* Provide the current read-only GDT */ static inline struct desc_struct *get_current_gdt_ro(void) { return get_cpu_gdt_ro(smp_processor_id()); } /* Provide the physical address of the GDT page. */ static inline phys_addr_t get_cpu_gdt_paddr(unsigned int cpu) { return per_cpu_ptr_to_phys(get_cpu_gdt_rw(cpu)); } static inline void pack_gate(gate_desc *gate, unsigned type, unsigned long func, unsigned dpl, unsigned ist, unsigned seg) { gate->offset_low = (u16) func; gate->bits.p = 1; gate->bits.dpl = dpl; gate->bits.zero = 0; gate->bits.type = type; gate->offset_middle = (u16) (func >> 16); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 gate->segment = __KERNEL_CS; gate->bits.ist = ist; gate->reserved = 0; gate->offset_high = (u32) (func >> 32); #else gate->segment = seg; gate->bits.ist = 0; #endif } static inline int desc_empty(const void *ptr) { const u32 *desc = ptr; return !(desc[0] | desc[1]); } #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL #include <asm/paravirt.h> #else #define load_TR_desc() native_load_tr_desc() #define load_gdt(dtr) native_load_gdt(dtr) #define load_idt(dtr) native_load_idt(dtr) #define load_tr(tr) asm volatile("ltr %0"::"m" (tr)) #define load_ldt(ldt) asm volatile("lldt %0"::"m" (ldt)) #define store_gdt(dtr) native_store_gdt(dtr) #define store_tr(tr) (tr = native_store_tr()) #define load_TLS(t, cpu) native_load_tls(t, cpu) #define set_ldt native_set_ldt #define write_ldt_entry(dt, entry, desc) native_write_ldt_entry(dt, entry, desc) #define write_gdt_entry(dt, entry, desc, type) native_write_gdt_entry(dt, entry, desc, type) #define write_idt_entry(dt, entry, g) native_write_idt_entry(dt, entry, g) static inline void paravirt_alloc_ldt(struct desc_struct *ldt, unsigned entries) { } static inline void paravirt_free_ldt(struct desc_struct *ldt, unsigned entries) { } #endif /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL */ #define store_ldt(ldt) asm("sldt %0" : "=m"(ldt)) static inline void native_write_idt_entry(gate_desc *idt, int entry, const gate_desc *gate) { memcpy(&idt[entry], gate, sizeof(*gate)); } static inline void native_write_ldt_entry(struct desc_struct *ldt, int entry, const void *desc) { memcpy(&ldt[entry], desc, 8); } static inline void native_write_gdt_entry(struct desc_struct *gdt, int entry, const void *desc, int type) { unsigned int size; switch (type) { case DESC_TSS: size = sizeof(tss_desc); break; case DESC_LDT: size = sizeof(ldt_desc); break; default: size = sizeof(*gdt); break; } memcpy(&gdt[entry], desc, size); } static inline void set_tssldt_descriptor(void *d, unsigned long addr, unsigned type, unsigned size) { struct ldttss_desc *desc = d; memset(desc, 0, sizeof(*desc)); desc->limit0 = (u16) size; desc->base0 = (u16) addr; desc->base1 = (addr >> 16) & 0xFF; desc->type = type; desc->p = 1; desc->limit1 = (size >> 16) & 0xF; desc->base2 = (addr >> 24) & 0xFF; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 desc->base3 = (u32) (addr >> 32); #endif } static inline void __set_tss_desc(unsigned cpu, unsigned int entry, struct x86_hw_tss *addr) { struct desc_struct *d = get_cpu_gdt_rw(cpu); tss_desc tss; set_tssldt_descriptor(&tss, (unsigned long)addr, DESC_TSS, __KERNEL_TSS_LIMIT); write_gdt_entry(d, entry, &tss, DESC_TSS); } #define set_tss_desc(cpu, addr) __set_tss_desc(cpu, GDT_ENTRY_TSS, addr) static inline void native_set_ldt(const void *addr, unsigned int entries) { if (likely(entries == 0)) asm volatile("lldt %w0"::"q" (0)); else { unsigned cpu = smp_processor_id(); ldt_desc ldt; set_tssldt_descriptor(&ldt, (unsigned long)addr, DESC_LDT, entries * LDT_ENTRY_SIZE - 1); write_gdt_entry(get_cpu_gdt_rw(cpu), GDT_ENTRY_LDT, &ldt, DESC_LDT); asm volatile("lldt %w0"::"q" (GDT_ENTRY_LDT*8)); } } static inline void native_load_gdt(const struct desc_ptr *dtr) { asm volatile("lgdt %0"::"m" (*dtr)); } static __always_inline void native_load_idt(const struct desc_ptr *dtr) { asm volatile("lidt %0"::"m" (*dtr)); } static inline void native_store_gdt(struct desc_ptr *dtr) { asm volatile("sgdt %0":"=m" (*dtr)); } static inline void store_idt(struct desc_ptr *dtr) { asm volatile("sidt %0":"=m" (*dtr)); } /* * The LTR instruction marks the TSS GDT entry as busy. On 64-bit, the GDT is * a read-only remapping. To prevent a page fault, the GDT is switched to the * original writeable version when needed. */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 static inline void native_load_tr_desc(void) { struct desc_ptr gdt; int cpu = raw_smp_processor_id(); bool restore = 0; struct desc_struct *fixmap_gdt; native_store_gdt(&gdt); fixmap_gdt = get_cpu_gdt_ro(cpu); /* * If the current GDT is the read-only fixmap, swap to the original * writeable version. Swap back at the end. */ if (gdt.address == (unsigned long)fixmap_gdt) { load_direct_gdt(cpu); restore = 1; } asm volatile("ltr %w0"::"q" (GDT_ENTRY_TSS*8)); if (restore) load_fixmap_gdt(cpu); } #else static inline void native_load_tr_desc(void) { asm volatile("ltr %w0"::"q" (GDT_ENTRY_TSS*8)); } #endif static inline unsigned long native_store_tr(void) { unsigned long tr; asm volatile("str %0":"=r" (tr)); return tr; } static inline void native_load_tls(struct thread_struct *t, unsigned int cpu) { struct desc_struct *gdt = get_cpu_gdt_rw(cpu); unsigned int i; for (i = 0; i < GDT_ENTRY_TLS_ENTRIES; i++) gdt[GDT_ENTRY_TLS_MIN + i] = t->tls_array[i]; } DECLARE_PER_CPU(bool, __tss_limit_invalid); static inline void force_reload_TR(void) { struct desc_struct *d = get_current_gdt_rw(); tss_desc tss; memcpy(&tss, &d[GDT_ENTRY_TSS], sizeof(tss_desc)); /* * LTR requires an available TSS, and the TSS is currently * busy. Make it be available so that LTR will work. */ tss.type = DESC_TSS; write_gdt_entry(d, GDT_ENTRY_TSS, &tss, DESC_TSS); load_TR_desc(); this_cpu_write(__tss_limit_invalid, false); } /* * Call this if you need the TSS limit to be correct, which should be the case * if and only if you have TIF_IO_BITMAP set or you're switching to a task * with TIF_IO_BITMAP set. */ static inline void refresh_tss_limit(void) { DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(preemptible()); if (unlikely(this_cpu_read(__tss_limit_invalid))) force_reload_TR(); } /* * If you do something evil that corrupts the cached TSS limit (I'm looking * at you, VMX exits), call this function. * * The optimization here is that the TSS limit only matters for Linux if the * IO bitmap is in use. If the TSS limit gets forced to its minimum value, * everything works except that IO bitmap will be ignored and all CPL 3 IO * instructions will #GP, which is exactly what we want for normal tasks. */ static inline void invalidate_tss_limit(void) { DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(preemptible()); if (unlikely(test_thread_flag(TIF_IO_BITMAP))) force_reload_TR(); else this_cpu_write(__tss_limit_invalid, true); } /* This intentionally ignores lm, since 32-bit apps don't have that field. */ #define LDT_empty(info) \ ((info)->base_addr == 0 && \ (info)->limit == 0 && \ (info)->contents == 0 && \ (info)->read_exec_only == 1 && \ (info)->seg_32bit == 0 && \ (info)->limit_in_pages == 0 && \ (info)->seg_not_present == 1 && \ (info)->useable == 0) /* Lots of programs expect an all-zero user_desc to mean "no segment at all". */ static inline bool LDT_zero(const struct user_desc *info) { return (info->base_addr == 0 && info->limit == 0 && info->contents == 0 && info->read_exec_only == 0 && info->seg_32bit == 0 && info->limit_in_pages == 0 && info->seg_not_present == 0 && info->useable == 0); } static inline void clear_LDT(void) { set_ldt(NULL, 0); } static inline unsigned long get_desc_base(const struct desc_struct *desc) { return (unsigned)(desc->base0 | ((desc->base1) << 16) | ((desc->base2) << 24)); } static inline void set_desc_base(struct desc_struct *desc, unsigned long base) { desc->base0 = base & 0xffff; desc->base1 = (base >> 16) & 0xff; desc->base2 = (base >> 24) & 0xff; } static inline unsigned long get_desc_limit(const struct desc_struct *desc) { return desc->limit0 | (desc->limit1 << 16); } static inline void set_desc_limit(struct desc_struct *desc, unsigned long limit) { desc->limit0 = limit & 0xffff; desc->limit1 = (limit >> 16) & 0xf; } void alloc_intr_gate(unsigned int n, const void *addr); static inline void init_idt_data(struct idt_data *data, unsigned int n, const void *addr) { BUG_ON(n > 0xFF); memset(data, 0, sizeof(*data)); data->vector = n; data->addr = addr; data->segment = __KERNEL_CS; data->bits.type = GATE_INTERRUPT; data->bits.p = 1; } static inline void idt_init_desc(gate_desc *gate, const struct idt_data *d) { unsigned long addr = (unsigned long) d->addr; gate->offset_low = (u16) addr; gate->segment = (u16) d->segment; gate->bits = d->bits; gate->offset_middle = (u16) (addr >> 16); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 gate->offset_high = (u32) (addr >> 32); gate->reserved = 0; #endif } extern unsigned long system_vectors[]; extern void load_current_idt(void); extern void idt_setup_early_handler(void); extern void idt_setup_early_traps(void); extern void idt_setup_traps(void); extern void idt_setup_apic_and_irq_gates(void); extern bool idt_is_f00f_address(unsigned long address); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 extern void idt_setup_early_pf(void); extern void idt_setup_ist_traps(void); #else static inline void idt_setup_early_pf(void) { } static inline void idt_setup_ist_traps(void) { } #endif extern void idt_invalidate(void *addr); #endif /* _ASM_X86_DESC_H */
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1422 1423 1424 1425 1426 1427 1428 1429 1430 1431 1432 1433 1434 1435 1436 1437 1438 1439 1440 1441 1442 1443 1444 1445 1446 1447 1448 1449 1450 1451 1452 1453 1454 1455 1456 1457 1458 1459 1460 1461 1462 1463 1464 1465 1466 1467 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_MMZONE_H #define _LINUX_MMZONE_H #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #ifndef __GENERATING_BOUNDS_H #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/threads.h> #include <linux/numa.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/seqlock.h> #include <linux/nodemask.h> #include <linux/pageblock-flags.h> #include <linux/page-flags-layout.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/page-flags.h> #include <asm/page.h> /* Free memory management - zoned buddy allocator. */ #ifndef CONFIG_FORCE_MAX_ZONEORDER #define MAX_ORDER 11 #else #define MAX_ORDER CONFIG_FORCE_MAX_ZONEORDER #endif #define MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES (1 << (MAX_ORDER - 1)) /* * PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER is the order at which allocations are deemed * costly to service. That is between allocation orders which should * coalesce naturally under reasonable reclaim pressure and those which * will not. */ #define PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER 3 enum migratetype { MIGRATE_UNMOVABLE, MIGRATE_MOVABLE, MIGRATE_RECLAIMABLE, MIGRATE_PCPTYPES, /* the number of types on the pcp lists */ MIGRATE_HIGHATOMIC = MIGRATE_PCPTYPES, #ifdef CONFIG_CMA /* * MIGRATE_CMA migration type is designed to mimic the way * ZONE_MOVABLE works. Only movable pages can be allocated * from MIGRATE_CMA pageblocks and page allocator never * implicitly change migration type of MIGRATE_CMA pageblock. * * The way to use it is to change migratetype of a range of * pageblocks to MIGRATE_CMA which can be done by * __free_pageblock_cma() function. What is important though * is that a range of pageblocks must be aligned to * MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES should biggest page be bigger then * a single pageblock. */ MIGRATE_CMA, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_ISOLATION MIGRATE_ISOLATE, /* can't allocate from here */ #endif MIGRATE_TYPES }; /* In mm/page_alloc.c; keep in sync also with show_migration_types() there */ extern const char * const migratetype_names[MIGRATE_TYPES]; #ifdef CONFIG_CMA # define is_migrate_cma(migratetype) unlikely((migratetype) == MIGRATE_CMA) # define is_migrate_cma_page(_page) (get_pageblock_migratetype(_page) == MIGRATE_CMA) #else # define is_migrate_cma(migratetype) false # define is_migrate_cma_page(_page) false #endif static inline bool is_migrate_movable(int mt) { return is_migrate_cma(mt) || mt == MIGRATE_MOVABLE; } #define for_each_migratetype_order(order, type) \ for (order = 0; order < MAX_ORDER; order++) \ for (type = 0; type < MIGRATE_TYPES; type++) extern int page_group_by_mobility_disabled; #define MIGRATETYPE_MASK ((1UL << PB_migratetype_bits) - 1) #define get_pageblock_migratetype(page) \ get_pfnblock_flags_mask(page, page_to_pfn(page), MIGRATETYPE_MASK) struct free_area { struct list_head free_list[MIGRATE_TYPES]; unsigned long nr_free; }; static inline struct page *get_page_from_free_area(struct free_area *area, int migratetype) { return list_first_entry_or_null(&area->free_list[migratetype], struct page, lru); } static inline bool free_area_empty(struct free_area *area, int migratetype) { return list_empty(&area->free_list[migratetype]); } struct pglist_data; /* * zone->lock and the zone lru_lock are two of the hottest locks in the kernel. * So add a wild amount of padding here to ensure that they fall into separate * cachelines. There are very few zone structures in the machine, so space * consumption is not a concern here. */ #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) struct zone_padding { char x[0]; } ____cacheline_internodealigned_in_smp; #define ZONE_PADDING(name) struct zone_padding name; #else #define ZONE_PADDING(name) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA enum numa_stat_item { NUMA_HIT, /* allocated in intended node */ NUMA_MISS, /* allocated in non intended node */ NUMA_FOREIGN, /* was intended here, hit elsewhere */ NUMA_INTERLEAVE_HIT, /* interleaver preferred this zone */ NUMA_LOCAL, /* allocation from local node */ NUMA_OTHER, /* allocation from other node */ NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS }; #else #define NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS 0 #endif enum zone_stat_item { /* First 128 byte cacheline (assuming 64 bit words) */ NR_FREE_PAGES, NR_ZONE_LRU_BASE, /* Used only for compaction and reclaim retry */ NR_ZONE_INACTIVE_ANON = NR_ZONE_LRU_BASE, NR_ZONE_ACTIVE_ANON, NR_ZONE_INACTIVE_FILE, NR_ZONE_ACTIVE_FILE, NR_ZONE_UNEVICTABLE, NR_ZONE_WRITE_PENDING, /* Count of dirty, writeback and unstable pages */ NR_MLOCK, /* mlock()ed pages found and moved off LRU */ NR_PAGETABLE, /* used for pagetables */ /* Second 128 byte cacheline */ NR_BOUNCE, #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ZSMALLOC) NR_ZSPAGES, /* allocated in zsmalloc */ #endif NR_FREE_CMA_PAGES, NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS }; enum node_stat_item { NR_LRU_BASE, NR_INACTIVE_ANON = NR_LRU_BASE, /* must match order of LRU_[IN]ACTIVE */ NR_ACTIVE_ANON, /* " " " " " */ NR_INACTIVE_FILE, /* " " " " " */ NR_ACTIVE_FILE, /* " " " " " */ NR_UNEVICTABLE, /* " " " " " */ NR_SLAB_RECLAIMABLE_B, NR_SLAB_UNRECLAIMABLE_B, NR_ISOLATED_ANON, /* Temporary isolated pages from anon lru */ NR_ISOLATED_FILE, /* Temporary isolated pages from file lru */ WORKINGSET_NODES, WORKINGSET_REFAULT_BASE, WORKINGSET_REFAULT_ANON = WORKINGSET_REFAULT_BASE, WORKINGSET_REFAULT_FILE, WORKINGSET_ACTIVATE_BASE, WORKINGSET_ACTIVATE_ANON = WORKINGSET_ACTIVATE_BASE, WORKINGSET_ACTIVATE_FILE, WORKINGSET_RESTORE_BASE, WORKINGSET_RESTORE_ANON = WORKINGSET_RESTORE_BASE, WORKINGSET_RESTORE_FILE, WORKINGSET_NODERECLAIM, NR_ANON_MAPPED, /* Mapped anonymous pages */ NR_FILE_MAPPED, /* pagecache pages mapped into pagetables. only modified from process context */ NR_FILE_PAGES, NR_FILE_DIRTY, NR_WRITEBACK, NR_WRITEBACK_TEMP, /* Writeback using temporary buffers */ NR_SHMEM, /* shmem pages (included tmpfs/GEM pages) */ NR_SHMEM_THPS, NR_SHMEM_PMDMAPPED, NR_FILE_THPS, NR_FILE_PMDMAPPED, NR_ANON_THPS, NR_VMSCAN_WRITE, NR_VMSCAN_IMMEDIATE, /* Prioritise for reclaim when writeback ends */ NR_DIRTIED, /* page dirtyings since bootup */ NR_WRITTEN, /* page writings since bootup */ NR_KERNEL_MISC_RECLAIMABLE, /* reclaimable non-slab kernel pages */ NR_FOLL_PIN_ACQUIRED, /* via: pin_user_page(), gup flag: FOLL_PIN */ NR_FOLL_PIN_RELEASED, /* pages returned via unpin_user_page() */ NR_KERNEL_STACK_KB, /* measured in KiB */ #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SHADOW_CALL_STACK) NR_KERNEL_SCS_KB, /* measured in KiB */ #endif NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS }; /* * Returns true if the value is measured in bytes (most vmstat values are * measured in pages). This defines the API part, the internal representation * might be different. */ static __always_inline bool vmstat_item_in_bytes(int idx) { /* * Global and per-node slab counters track slab pages. * It's expected that changes are multiples of PAGE_SIZE. * Internally values are stored in pages. * * Per-memcg and per-lruvec counters track memory, consumed * by individual slab objects. These counters are actually * byte-precise. */ return (idx == NR_SLAB_RECLAIMABLE_B || idx == NR_SLAB_UNRECLAIMABLE_B); } /* * We do arithmetic on the LRU lists in various places in the code, * so it is important to keep the active lists LRU_ACTIVE higher in * the array than the corresponding inactive lists, and to keep * the *_FILE lists LRU_FILE higher than the corresponding _ANON lists. * * This has to be kept in sync with the statistics in zone_stat_item * above and the descriptions in vmstat_text in mm/vmstat.c */ #define LRU_BASE 0 #define LRU_ACTIVE 1 #define LRU_FILE 2 enum lru_list { LRU_INACTIVE_ANON = LRU_BASE, LRU_ACTIVE_ANON = LRU_BASE + LRU_ACTIVE, LRU_INACTIVE_FILE = LRU_BASE + LRU_FILE, LRU_ACTIVE_FILE = LRU_BASE + LRU_FILE + LRU_ACTIVE, LRU_UNEVICTABLE, NR_LRU_LISTS }; #define for_each_lru(lru) for (lru = 0; lru < NR_LRU_LISTS; lru++) #define for_each_evictable_lru(lru) for (lru = 0; lru <= LRU_ACTIVE_FILE; lru++) static inline bool is_file_lru(enum lru_list lru) { return (lru == LRU_INACTIVE_FILE || lru == LRU_ACTIVE_FILE); } static inline bool is_active_lru(enum lru_list lru) { return (lru == LRU_ACTIVE_ANON || lru == LRU_ACTIVE_FILE); } #define ANON_AND_FILE 2 enum lruvec_flags { LRUVEC_CONGESTED, /* lruvec has many dirty pages * backed by a congested BDI */ }; struct lruvec { struct list_head lists[NR_LRU_LISTS]; /* * These track the cost of reclaiming one LRU - file or anon - * over the other. As the observed cost of reclaiming one LRU * increases, the reclaim scan balance tips toward the other. */ unsigned long anon_cost; unsigned long file_cost; /* Non-resident age, driven by LRU movement */ atomic_long_t nonresident_age; /* Refaults at the time of last reclaim cycle */ unsigned long refaults[ANON_AND_FILE]; /* Various lruvec state flags (enum lruvec_flags) */ unsigned long flags; #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG struct pglist_data *pgdat; #endif }; /* Isolate unmapped pages */ #define ISOLATE_UNMAPPED ((__force isolate_mode_t)0x2) /* Isolate for asynchronous migration */ #define ISOLATE_ASYNC_MIGRATE ((__force isolate_mode_t)0x4) /* Isolate unevictable pages */ #define ISOLATE_UNEVICTABLE ((__force isolate_mode_t)0x8) /* LRU Isolation modes. */ typedef unsigned __bitwise isolate_mode_t; enum zone_watermarks { WMARK_MIN, WMARK_LOW, WMARK_HIGH, NR_WMARK }; #define min_wmark_pages(z) (z->_watermark[WMARK_MIN] + z->watermark_boost) #define low_wmark_pages(z) (z->_watermark[WMARK_LOW] + z->watermark_boost) #define high_wmark_pages(z) (z->_watermark[WMARK_HIGH] + z->watermark_boost) #define wmark_pages(z, i) (z->_watermark[i] + z->watermark_boost) struct per_cpu_pages { int count; /* number of pages in the list */ int high; /* high watermark, emptying needed */ int batch; /* chunk size for buddy add/remove */ /* Lists of pages, one per migrate type stored on the pcp-lists */ struct list_head lists[MIGRATE_PCPTYPES]; }; struct per_cpu_pageset { struct per_cpu_pages pcp; #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA s8 expire; u16 vm_numa_stat_diff[NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS]; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SMP s8 stat_threshold; s8 vm_stat_diff[NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS]; #endif }; struct per_cpu_nodestat { s8 stat_threshold; s8 vm_node_stat_diff[NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS]; }; #endif /* !__GENERATING_BOUNDS.H */ enum zone_type { /* * ZONE_DMA and ZONE_DMA32 are used when there are peripherals not able * to DMA to all of the addressable memory (ZONE_NORMAL). * On architectures where this area covers the whole 32 bit address * space ZONE_DMA32 is used. ZONE_DMA is left for the ones with smaller * DMA addressing constraints. This distinction is important as a 32bit * DMA mask is assumed when ZONE_DMA32 is defined. Some 64-bit * platforms may need both zones as they support peripherals with * different DMA addressing limitations. */ #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DMA ZONE_DMA, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DMA32 ZONE_DMA32, #endif /* * Normal addressable memory is in ZONE_NORMAL. DMA operations can be * performed on pages in ZONE_NORMAL if the DMA devices support * transfers to all addressable memory. */ ZONE_NORMAL, #ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM /* * A memory area that is only addressable by the kernel through * mapping portions into its own address space. This is for example * used by i386 to allow the kernel to address the memory beyond * 900MB. The kernel will set up special mappings (page * table entries on i386) for each page that the kernel needs to * access. */ ZONE_HIGHMEM, #endif /* * ZONE_MOVABLE is similar to ZONE_NORMAL, except that it contains * movable pages with few exceptional cases described below. Main use * cases for ZONE_MOVABLE are to make memory offlining/unplug more * likely to succeed, and to locally limit unmovable allocations - e.g., * to increase the number of THP/huge pages. Notable special cases are: * * 1. Pinned pages: (long-term) pinning of movable pages might * essentially turn such pages unmovable. Memory offlining might * retry a long time. * 2. memblock allocations: kernelcore/movablecore setups might create * situations where ZONE_MOVABLE contains unmovable allocations * after boot. Memory offlining and allocations fail early. * 3. Memory holes: kernelcore/movablecore setups might create very rare * situations where ZONE_MOVABLE contains memory holes after boot, * for example, if we have sections that are only partially * populated. Memory offlining and allocations fail early. * 4. PG_hwpoison pages: while poisoned pages can be skipped during * memory offlining, such pages cannot be allocated. * 5. Unmovable PG_offline pages: in paravirtualized environments, * hotplugged memory blocks might only partially be managed by the * buddy (e.g., via XEN-balloon, Hyper-V balloon, virtio-mem). The * parts not manged by the buddy are unmovable PG_offline pages. In * some cases (virtio-mem), such pages can be skipped during * memory offlining, however, cannot be moved/allocated. These * techniques might use alloc_contig_range() to hide previously * exposed pages from the buddy again (e.g., to implement some sort * of memory unplug in virtio-mem). * * In general, no unmovable allocations that degrade memory offlining * should end up in ZONE_MOVABLE. Allocators (like alloc_contig_range()) * have to expect that migrating pages in ZONE_MOVABLE can fail (even * if has_unmovable_pages() states that there are no unmovable pages, * there can be false negatives). */ ZONE_MOVABLE, #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE ZONE_DEVICE, #endif __MAX_NR_ZONES }; #ifndef __GENERATING_BOUNDS_H #define ASYNC_AND_SYNC 2 struct zone { /* Read-mostly fields */ /* zone watermarks, access with *_wmark_pages(zone) macros */ unsigned long _watermark[NR_WMARK]; unsigned long watermark_boost; unsigned long nr_reserved_highatomic; /* * We don't know if the memory that we're going to allocate will be * freeable or/and it will be released eventually, so to avoid totally * wasting several GB of ram we must reserve some of the lower zone * memory (otherwise we risk to run OOM on the lower zones despite * there being tons of freeable ram on the higher zones). This array is * recalculated at runtime if the sysctl_lowmem_reserve_ratio sysctl * changes. */ long lowmem_reserve[MAX_NR_ZONES]; #ifdef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES int node; #endif struct pglist_data *zone_pgdat; struct per_cpu_pageset __percpu *pageset; #ifndef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM /* * Flags for a pageblock_nr_pages block. See pageblock-flags.h. * In SPARSEMEM, this map is stored in struct mem_section */ unsigned long *pageblock_flags; #endif /* CONFIG_SPARSEMEM */ /* zone_start_pfn == zone_start_paddr >> PAGE_SHIFT */ unsigned long zone_start_pfn; /* * spanned_pages is the total pages spanned by the zone, including * holes, which is calculated as: * spanned_pages = zone_end_pfn - zone_start_pfn; * * present_pages is physical pages existing within the zone, which * is calculated as: * present_pages = spanned_pages - absent_pages(pages in holes); * * managed_pages is present pages managed by the buddy system, which * is calculated as (reserved_pages includes pages allocated by the * bootmem allocator): * managed_pages = present_pages - reserved_pages; * * So present_pages may be used by memory hotplug or memory power * management logic to figure out unmanaged pages by checking * (present_pages - managed_pages). And managed_pages should be used * by page allocator and vm scanner to calculate all kinds of watermarks * and thresholds. * * Locking rules: * * zone_start_pfn and spanned_pages are protected by span_seqlock. * It is a seqlock because it has to be read outside of zone->lock, * and it is done in the main allocator path. But, it is written * quite infrequently. * * The span_seq lock is declared along with zone->lock because it is * frequently read in proximity to zone->lock. It's good to * give them a chance of being in the same cacheline. * * Write access to present_pages at runtime should be protected by * mem_hotplug_begin/end(). Any reader who can't tolerant drift of * present_pages should get_online_mems() to get a stable value. */ atomic_long_t managed_pages; unsigned long spanned_pages; unsigned long present_pages; const char *name; #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_ISOLATION /* * Number of isolated pageblock. It is used to solve incorrect * freepage counting problem due to racy retrieving migratetype * of pageblock. Protected by zone->lock. */ unsigned long nr_isolate_pageblock; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG /* see spanned/present_pages for more description */ seqlock_t span_seqlock; #endif int initialized; /* Write-intensive fields used from the page allocator */ ZONE_PADDING(_pad1_) /* free areas of different sizes */ struct free_area free_area[MAX_ORDER]; /* zone flags, see below */ unsigned long flags; /* Primarily protects free_area */ spinlock_t lock; /* Write-intensive fields used by compaction and vmstats. */ ZONE_PADDING(_pad2_) /* * When free pages are below this point, additional steps are taken * when reading the number of free pages to avoid per-cpu counter * drift allowing watermarks to be breached */ unsigned long percpu_drift_mark; #if defined CONFIG_COMPACTION || defined CONFIG_CMA /* pfn where compaction free scanner should start */ unsigned long compact_cached_free_pfn; /* pfn where compaction migration scanner should start */ unsigned long compact_cached_migrate_pfn[ASYNC_AND_SYNC]; unsigned long compact_init_migrate_pfn; unsigned long compact_init_free_pfn; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_COMPACTION /* * On compaction failure, 1<<compact_defer_shift compactions * are skipped before trying again. The number attempted since * last failure is tracked with compact_considered. * compact_order_failed is the minimum compaction failed order. */ unsigned int compact_considered; unsigned int compact_defer_shift; int compact_order_failed; #endif #if defined CONFIG_COMPACTION || defined CONFIG_CMA /* Set to true when the PG_migrate_skip bits should be cleared */ bool compact_blockskip_flush; #endif bool contiguous; ZONE_PADDING(_pad3_) /* Zone statistics */ atomic_long_t vm_stat[NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS]; atomic_long_t vm_numa_stat[NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS]; } ____cacheline_internodealigned_in_smp; enum pgdat_flags { PGDAT_DIRTY, /* reclaim scanning has recently found * many dirty file pages at the tail * of the LRU. */ PGDAT_WRITEBACK, /* reclaim scanning has recently found * many pages under writeback */ PGDAT_RECLAIM_LOCKED, /* prevents concurrent reclaim */ }; enum zone_flags { ZONE_BOOSTED_WATERMARK, /* zone recently boosted watermarks. * Cleared when kswapd is woken. */ }; static inline unsigned long zone_managed_pages(struct zone *zone) { return (unsigned long)atomic_long_read(&zone->managed_pages); } static inline unsigned long zone_end_pfn(const struct zone *zone) { return zone->zone_start_pfn + zone->spanned_pages; } static inline bool zone_spans_pfn(const struct zone *zone, unsigned long pfn) { return zone->zone_start_pfn <= pfn && pfn < zone_end_pfn(zone); } static inline bool zone_is_initialized(struct zone *zone) { return zone->initialized; } static inline bool zone_is_empty(struct zone *zone) { return zone->spanned_pages == 0; } /* * Return true if [start_pfn, start_pfn + nr_pages) range has a non-empty * intersection with the given zone */ static inline bool zone_intersects(struct zone *zone, unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long nr_pages) { if (zone_is_empty(zone)) return false; if (start_pfn >= zone_end_pfn(zone) || start_pfn + nr_pages <= zone->zone_start_pfn) return false; return true; } /* * The "priority" of VM scanning is how much of the queues we will scan in one * go. A value of 12 for DEF_PRIORITY implies that we will scan 1/4096th of the * queues ("queue_length >> 12") during an aging round. */ #define DEF_PRIORITY 12 /* Maximum number of zones on a zonelist */ #define MAX_ZONES_PER_ZONELIST (MAX_NUMNODES * MAX_NR_ZONES) enum { ZONELIST_FALLBACK, /* zonelist with fallback */ #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA /* * The NUMA zonelists are doubled because we need zonelists that * restrict the allocations to a single node for __GFP_THISNODE. */ ZONELIST_NOFALLBACK, /* zonelist without fallback (__GFP_THISNODE) */ #endif MAX_ZONELISTS }; /* * This struct contains information about a zone in a zonelist. It is stored * here to avoid dereferences into large structures and lookups of tables */ struct zoneref { struct zone *zone; /* Pointer to actual zone */ int zone_idx; /* zone_idx(zoneref->zone) */ }; /* * One allocation request operates on a zonelist. A zonelist * is a list of zones, the first one is the 'goal' of the * allocation, the other zones are fallback zones, in decreasing * priority. * * To speed the reading of the zonelist, the zonerefs contain the zone index * of the entry being read. Helper functions to access information given * a struct zoneref are * * zonelist_zone() - Return the struct zone * for an entry in _zonerefs * zonelist_zone_idx() - Return the index of the zone for an entry * zonelist_node_idx() - Return the index of the node for an entry */ struct zonelist { struct zoneref _zonerefs[MAX_ZONES_PER_ZONELIST + 1]; }; #ifndef CONFIG_DISCONTIGMEM /* The array of struct pages - for discontigmem use pgdat->lmem_map */ extern struct page *mem_map; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE struct deferred_split { spinlock_t split_queue_lock; struct list_head split_queue; unsigned long split_queue_len; }; #endif /* * On NUMA machines, each NUMA node would have a pg_data_t to describe * it's memory layout. On UMA machines there is a single pglist_data which * describes the whole memory. * * Memory statistics and page replacement data structures are maintained on a * per-zone basis. */ typedef struct pglist_data { /* * node_zones contains just the zones for THIS node. Not all of the * zones may be populated, but it is the full list. It is referenced by * this node's node_zonelists as well as other node's node_zonelists. */ struct zone node_zones[MAX_NR_ZONES]; /* * node_zonelists contains references to all zones in all nodes. * Generally the first zones will be references to this node's * node_zones. */ struct zonelist node_zonelists[MAX_ZONELISTS]; int nr_zones; /* number of populated zones in this node */ #ifdef CONFIG_FLAT_NODE_MEM_MAP /* means !SPARSEMEM */ struct page *node_mem_map; #ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_EXTENSION struct page_ext *node_page_ext; #endif #endif #if defined(CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG) || defined(CONFIG_DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT) /* * Must be held any time you expect node_start_pfn, * node_present_pages, node_spanned_pages or nr_zones to stay constant. * Also synchronizes pgdat->first_deferred_pfn during deferred page * init. * * pgdat_resize_lock() and pgdat_resize_unlock() are provided to * manipulate node_size_lock without checking for CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG * or CONFIG_DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT. * * Nests above zone->lock and zone->span_seqlock */ spinlock_t node_size_lock; #endif unsigned long node_start_pfn; unsigned long node_present_pages; /* total number of physical pages */ unsigned long node_spanned_pages; /* total size of physical page range, including holes */ int node_id; wait_queue_head_t kswapd_wait; wait_queue_head_t pfmemalloc_wait; struct task_struct *kswapd; /* Protected by mem_hotplug_begin/end() */ int kswapd_order; enum zone_type kswapd_highest_zoneidx; int kswapd_failures; /* Number of 'reclaimed == 0' runs */ #ifdef CONFIG_COMPACTION int kcompactd_max_order; enum zone_type kcompactd_highest_zoneidx; wait_queue_head_t kcompactd_wait; struct task_struct *kcompactd; #endif /* * This is a per-node reserve of pages that are not available * to userspace allocations. */ unsigned long totalreserve_pages; #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA /* * node reclaim becomes active if more unmapped pages exist. */ unsigned long min_unmapped_pages; unsigned long min_slab_pages; #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA */ /* Write-intensive fields used by page reclaim */ ZONE_PADDING(_pad1_) spinlock_t lru_lock; #ifdef CONFIG_DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT /* * If memory initialisation on large machines is deferred then this * is the first PFN that needs to be initialised. */ unsigned long first_deferred_pfn; #endif /* CONFIG_DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT */ #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE struct deferred_split deferred_split_queue; #endif /* Fields commonly accessed by the page reclaim scanner */ /* * NOTE: THIS IS UNUSED IF MEMCG IS ENABLED. * * Use mem_cgroup_lruvec() to look up lruvecs. */ struct lruvec __lruvec; unsigned long flags; ZONE_PADDING(_pad2_) /* Per-node vmstats */ struct per_cpu_nodestat __percpu *per_cpu_nodestats; atomic_long_t vm_stat[NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS]; } pg_data_t; #define node_present_pages(nid) (NODE_DATA(nid)->node_present_pages) #define node_spanned_pages(nid) (NODE_DATA(nid)->node_spanned_pages) #ifdef CONFIG_FLAT_NODE_MEM_MAP #define pgdat_page_nr(pgdat, pagenr) ((pgdat)->node_mem_map + (pagenr)) #else #define pgdat_page_nr(pgdat, pagenr) pfn_to_page((pgdat)->node_start_pfn + (pagenr)) #endif #define nid_page_nr(nid, pagenr) pgdat_page_nr(NODE_DATA(nid),(pagenr)) #define node_start_pfn(nid) (NODE_DATA(nid)->node_start_pfn) #define node_end_pfn(nid) pgdat_end_pfn(NODE_DATA(nid)) static inline unsigned long pgdat_end_pfn(pg_data_t *pgdat) { return pgdat->node_start_pfn + pgdat->node_spanned_pages; } static inline bool pgdat_is_empty(pg_data_t *pgdat) { return !pgdat->node_start_pfn && !pgdat->node_spanned_pages; } #include <linux/memory_hotplug.h> void build_all_zonelists(pg_data_t *pgdat); void wakeup_kswapd(struct zone *zone, gfp_t gfp_mask, int order, enum zone_type highest_zoneidx); bool __zone_watermark_ok(struct zone *z, unsigned int order, unsigned long mark, int highest_zoneidx, unsigned int alloc_flags, long free_pages); bool zone_watermark_ok(struct zone *z, unsigned int order, unsigned long mark, int highest_zoneidx, unsigned int alloc_flags); bool zone_watermark_ok_safe(struct zone *z, unsigned int order, unsigned long mark, int highest_zoneidx); /* * Memory initialization context, use to differentiate memory added by * the platform statically or via memory hotplug interface. */ enum meminit_context { MEMINIT_EARLY, MEMINIT_HOTPLUG, }; extern void init_currently_empty_zone(struct zone *zone, unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long size); extern void lruvec_init(struct lruvec *lruvec); static inline struct pglist_data *lruvec_pgdat(struct lruvec *lruvec) { #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG return lruvec->pgdat; #else return container_of(lruvec, struct pglist_data, __lruvec); #endif } extern unsigned long lruvec_lru_size(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum lru_list lru, int zone_idx); #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_MEMORYLESS_NODES int local_memory_node(int node_id); #else static inline int local_memory_node(int node_id) { return node_id; }; #endif /* * zone_idx() returns 0 for the ZONE_DMA zone, 1 for the ZONE_NORMAL zone, etc. */ #define zone_idx(zone) ((zone) - (zone)->zone_pgdat->node_zones) /* * Returns true if a zone has pages managed by the buddy allocator. * All the reclaim decisions have to use this function rather than * populated_zone(). If the whole zone is reserved then we can easily * end up with populated_zone() && !managed_zone(). */ static inline bool managed_zone(struct zone *zone) { return zone_managed_pages(zone); } /* Returns true if a zone has memory */ static inline bool populated_zone(struct zone *zone) { return zone->present_pages; } #ifdef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES static inline int zone_to_nid(struct zone *zone) { return zone->node; } static inline void zone_set_nid(struct zone *zone, int nid) { zone->node = nid; } #else static inline int zone_to_nid(struct zone *zone) { return 0; } static inline void zone_set_nid(struct zone *zone, int nid) {} #endif extern int movable_zone; #ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM static inline int zone_movable_is_highmem(void) { #ifdef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES return movable_zone == ZONE_HIGHMEM; #else return (ZONE_MOVABLE - 1) == ZONE_HIGHMEM; #endif } #endif static inline int is_highmem_idx(enum zone_type idx) { #ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM return (idx == ZONE_HIGHMEM || (idx == ZONE_MOVABLE && zone_movable_is_highmem())); #else return 0; #endif } /** * is_highmem - helper function to quickly check if a struct zone is a * highmem zone or not. This is an attempt to keep references * to ZONE_{DMA/NORMAL/HIGHMEM/etc} in general code to a minimum. * @zone - pointer to struct zone variable */ static inline int is_highmem(struct zone *zone) { #ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM return is_highmem_idx(zone_idx(zone)); #else return 0; #endif } /* These two functions are used to setup the per zone pages min values */ struct ctl_table; int min_free_kbytes_sysctl_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); int watermark_scale_factor_sysctl_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); extern int sysctl_lowmem_reserve_ratio[MAX_NR_ZONES]; int lowmem_reserve_ratio_sysctl_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); int percpu_pagelist_fraction_sysctl_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); int sysctl_min_unmapped_ratio_sysctl_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); int sysctl_min_slab_ratio_sysctl_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); int numa_zonelist_order_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); extern int percpu_pagelist_fraction; extern char numa_zonelist_order[]; #define NUMA_ZONELIST_ORDER_LEN 16 #ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES extern struct pglist_data contig_page_data; #define NODE_DATA(nid) (&contig_page_data) #define NODE_MEM_MAP(nid) mem_map #else /* CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES */ #include <asm/mmzone.h> #endif /* !CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES */ extern struct pglist_data *first_online_pgdat(void); extern struct pglist_data *next_online_pgdat(struct pglist_data *pgdat); extern struct zone *next_zone(struct zone *zone); /** * for_each_online_pgdat - helper macro to iterate over all online nodes * @pgdat - pointer to a pg_data_t variable */ #define for_each_online_pgdat(pgdat) \ for (pgdat = first_online_pgdat(); \ pgdat; \ pgdat = next_online_pgdat(pgdat)) /** * for_each_zone - helper macro to iterate over all memory zones * @zone - pointer to struct zone variable * * The user only needs to declare the zone variable, for_each_zone * fills it in. */ #define for_each_zone(zone) \ for (zone = (first_online_pgdat())->node_zones; \ zone; \ zone = next_zone(zone)) #define for_each_populated_zone(zone) \ for (zone = (first_online_pgdat())->node_zones; \ zone; \ zone = next_zone(zone)) \ if (!populated_zone(zone)) \ ; /* do nothing */ \ else static inline struct zone *zonelist_zone(struct zoneref *zoneref) { return zoneref->zone; } static inline int zonelist_zone_idx(struct zoneref *zoneref) { return zoneref->zone_idx; } static inline int zonelist_node_idx(struct zoneref *zoneref) { return zone_to_nid(zoneref->zone); } struct zoneref *__next_zones_zonelist(struct zoneref *z, enum zone_type highest_zoneidx, nodemask_t *nodes); /** * next_zones_zonelist - Returns the next zone at or below highest_zoneidx within the allowed nodemask using a cursor within a zonelist as a starting point * @z - The cursor used as a starting point for the search * @highest_zoneidx - The zone index of the highest zone to return * @nodes - An optional nodemask to filter the zonelist with * * This function returns the next zone at or below a given zone index that is * within the allowed nodemask using a cursor as the starting point for the * search. The zoneref returned is a cursor that represents the current zone * being examined. It should be advanced by one before calling * next_zones_zonelist again. */ static __always_inline struct zoneref *next_zones_zonelist(struct zoneref *z, enum zone_type highest_zoneidx, nodemask_t *nodes) { if (likely(!nodes && zonelist_zone_idx(z) <= highest_zoneidx)) return z; return __next_zones_zonelist(z, highest_zoneidx, nodes); } /** * first_zones_zonelist - Returns the first zone at or below highest_zoneidx within the allowed nodemask in a zonelist * @zonelist - The zonelist to search for a suitable zone * @highest_zoneidx - The zone index of the highest zone to return * @nodes - An optional nodemask to filter the zonelist with * @return - Zoneref pointer for the first suitable zone found (see below) * * This function returns the first zone at or below a given zone index that is * within the allowed nodemask. The zoneref returned is a cursor that can be * used to iterate the zonelist with next_zones_zonelist by advancing it by * one before calling. * * When no eligible zone is found, zoneref->zone is NULL (zoneref itself is * never NULL). This may happen either genuinely, or due to concurrent nodemask * update due to cpuset modification. */ static inline struct zoneref *first_zones_zonelist(struct zonelist *zonelist, enum zone_type highest_zoneidx, nodemask_t *nodes) { return next_zones_zonelist(zonelist->_zonerefs, highest_zoneidx, nodes); } /** * for_each_zone_zonelist_nodemask - helper macro to iterate over valid zones in a zonelist at or below a given zone index and within a nodemask * @zone - The current zone in the iterator * @z - The current pointer within zonelist->_zonerefs being iterated * @zlist - The zonelist being iterated * @highidx - The zone index of the highest zone to return * @nodemask - Nodemask allowed by the allocator * * This iterator iterates though all zones at or below a given zone index and * within a given nodemask */ #define for_each_zone_zonelist_nodemask(zone, z, zlist, highidx, nodemask) \ for (z = first_zones_zonelist(zlist, highidx, nodemask), zone = zonelist_zone(z); \ zone; \ z = next_zones_zonelist(++z, highidx, nodemask), \ zone = zonelist_zone(z)) #define for_next_zone_zonelist_nodemask(zone, z, highidx, nodemask) \ for (zone = z->zone; \ zone; \ z = next_zones_zonelist(++z, highidx, nodemask), \ zone = zonelist_zone(z)) /** * for_each_zone_zonelist - helper macro to iterate over valid zones in a zonelist at or below a given zone index * @zone - The current zone in the iterator * @z - The current pointer within zonelist->zones being iterated * @zlist - The zonelist being iterated * @highidx - The zone index of the highest zone to return * * This iterator iterates though all zones at or below a given zone index. */ #define for_each_zone_zonelist(zone, z, zlist, highidx) \ for_each_zone_zonelist_nodemask(zone, z, zlist, highidx, NULL) #ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM #include <asm/sparsemem.h> #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FLATMEM #define pfn_to_nid(pfn) (0) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM /* * SECTION_SHIFT #bits space required to store a section # * * PA_SECTION_SHIFT physical address to/from section number * PFN_SECTION_SHIFT pfn to/from section number */ #define PA_SECTION_SHIFT (SECTION_SIZE_BITS) #define PFN_SECTION_SHIFT (SECTION_SIZE_BITS - PAGE_SHIFT) #define NR_MEM_SECTIONS (1UL << SECTIONS_SHIFT) #define PAGES_PER_SECTION (1UL << PFN_SECTION_SHIFT) #define PAGE_SECTION_MASK (~(PAGES_PER_SECTION-1)) #define SECTION_BLOCKFLAGS_BITS \ ((1UL << (PFN_SECTION_SHIFT - pageblock_order)) * NR_PAGEBLOCK_BITS) #if (MAX_ORDER - 1 + PAGE_SHIFT) > SECTION_SIZE_BITS #error Allocator MAX_ORDER exceeds SECTION_SIZE #endif static inline unsigned long pfn_to_section_nr(unsigned long pfn) { return pfn >> PFN_SECTION_SHIFT; } static inline unsigned long section_nr_to_pfn(unsigned long sec) { return sec << PFN_SECTION_SHIFT; } #define SECTION_ALIGN_UP(pfn) (((pfn) + PAGES_PER_SECTION - 1) & PAGE_SECTION_MASK) #define SECTION_ALIGN_DOWN(pfn) ((pfn) & PAGE_SECTION_MASK) #define SUBSECTION_SHIFT 21 #define SUBSECTION_SIZE (1UL << SUBSECTION_SHIFT) #define PFN_SUBSECTION_SHIFT (SUBSECTION_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT) #define PAGES_PER_SUBSECTION (1UL << PFN_SUBSECTION_SHIFT) #define PAGE_SUBSECTION_MASK (~(PAGES_PER_SUBSECTION-1)) #if SUBSECTION_SHIFT > SECTION_SIZE_BITS #error Subsection size exceeds section size #else #define SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION (1UL << (SECTION_SIZE_BITS - SUBSECTION_SHIFT)) #endif #define SUBSECTION_ALIGN_UP(pfn) ALIGN((pfn), PAGES_PER_SUBSECTION) #define SUBSECTION_ALIGN_DOWN(pfn) ((pfn) & PAGE_SUBSECTION_MASK) struct mem_section_usage { #ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP DECLARE_BITMAP(subsection_map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION); #endif /* See declaration of similar field in struct zone */ unsigned long pageblock_flags[0]; }; void subsection_map_init(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages); struct page; struct page_ext; struct mem_section { /* * This is, logically, a pointer to an array of struct * pages. However, it is stored with some other magic. * (see sparse.c::sparse_init_one_section()) * * Additionally during early boot we encode node id of * the location of the section here to guide allocation. * (see sparse.c::memory_present()) * * Making it a UL at least makes someone do a cast * before using it wrong. */ unsigned long section_mem_map; struct mem_section_usage *usage; #ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_EXTENSION /* * If SPARSEMEM, pgdat doesn't have page_ext pointer. We use * section. (see page_ext.h about this.) */ struct page_ext *page_ext; unsigned long pad; #endif /* * WARNING: mem_section must be a power-of-2 in size for the * calculation and use of SECTION_ROOT_MASK to make sense. */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_EXTREME #define SECTIONS_PER_ROOT (PAGE_SIZE / sizeof (struct mem_section)) #else #define SECTIONS_PER_ROOT 1 #endif #define SECTION_NR_TO_ROOT(sec) ((sec) / SECTIONS_PER_ROOT) #define NR_SECTION_ROOTS DIV_ROUND_UP(NR_MEM_SECTIONS, SECTIONS_PER_ROOT) #define SECTION_ROOT_MASK (SECTIONS_PER_ROOT - 1) #ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_EXTREME extern struct mem_section **mem_section; #else extern struct mem_section mem_section[NR_SECTION_ROOTS][SECTIONS_PER_ROOT]; #endif static inline unsigned long *section_to_usemap(struct mem_section *ms) { return ms->usage->pageblock_flags; } static inline struct mem_section *__nr_to_section(unsigned long nr) { #ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_EXTREME if (!mem_section) return NULL; #endif if (!mem_section[SECTION_NR_TO_ROOT(nr)]) return NULL; return &mem_section[SECTION_NR_TO_ROOT(nr)][nr & SECTION_ROOT_MASK]; } extern unsigned long __section_nr(struct mem_section *ms); extern size_t mem_section_usage_size(void); /* * We use the lower bits of the mem_map pointer to store * a little bit of information. The pointer is calculated * as mem_map - section_nr_to_pfn(pnum). The result is * aligned to the minimum alignment of the two values: * 1. All mem_map arrays are page-aligned. * 2. section_nr_to_pfn() always clears PFN_SECTION_SHIFT * lowest bits. PFN_SECTION_SHIFT is arch-specific * (equal SECTION_SIZE_BITS - PAGE_SHIFT), and the * worst combination is powerpc with 256k pages, * which results in PFN_SECTION_SHIFT equal 6. * To sum it up, at least 6 bits are available. */ #define SECTION_MARKED_PRESENT (1UL<<0) #define SECTION_HAS_MEM_MAP (1UL<<1) #define SECTION_IS_ONLINE (1UL<<2) #define SECTION_IS_EARLY (1UL<<3) #define SECTION_MAP_LAST_BIT (1UL<<4) #define SECTION_MAP_MASK (~(SECTION_MAP_LAST_BIT-1)) #define SECTION_NID_SHIFT 3 static inline struct page *__section_mem_map_addr(struct mem_section *section) { unsigned long map = section->section_mem_map; map &= SECTION_MAP_MASK; return (struct page *)map; } static inline int present_section(struct mem_section *section) { return (section && (section->section_mem_map & SECTION_MARKED_PRESENT)); } static inline int present_section_nr(unsigned long nr) { return present_section(__nr_to_section(nr)); } static inline int valid_section(struct mem_section *section) { return (section && (section->section_mem_map & SECTION_HAS_MEM_MAP)); } static inline int early_section(struct mem_section *section) { return (section && (section->section_mem_map & SECTION_IS_EARLY)); } static inline int valid_section_nr(unsigned long nr) { return valid_section(__nr_to_section(nr)); } static inline int online_section(struct mem_section *section) { return (section && (section->section_mem_map & SECTION_IS_ONLINE)); } static inline int online_section_nr(unsigned long nr) { return online_section(__nr_to_section(nr)); } #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG void online_mem_sections(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE void offline_mem_sections(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn); #endif #endif static inline struct mem_section *__pfn_to_section(unsigned long pfn) { return __nr_to_section(pfn_to_section_nr(pfn)); } extern unsigned long __highest_present_section_nr; static inline int subsection_map_index(unsigned long pfn) { return (pfn & ~(PAGE_SECTION_MASK)) / PAGES_PER_SUBSECTION; } #ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP static inline int pfn_section_valid(struct mem_section *ms, unsigned long pfn) { int idx = subsection_map_index(pfn); return test_bit(idx, ms->usage->subsection_map); } #else static inline int pfn_section_valid(struct mem_section *ms, unsigned long pfn) { return 1; } #endif #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PFN_VALID static inline int pfn_valid(unsigned long pfn) { struct mem_section *ms; if (pfn_to_section_nr(pfn) >= NR_MEM_SECTIONS) return 0; ms = __nr_to_section(pfn_to_section_nr(pfn)); if (!valid_section(ms)) return 0; /* * Traditionally early sections always returned pfn_valid() for * the entire section-sized span. */ return early_section(ms) || pfn_section_valid(ms, pfn); } #endif static inline int pfn_in_present_section(unsigned long pfn) { if (pfn_to_section_nr(pfn) >= NR_MEM_SECTIONS) return 0; return present_section(__nr_to_section(pfn_to_section_nr(pfn))); } static inline unsigned long next_present_section_nr(unsigned long section_nr) { while (++section_nr <= __highest_present_section_nr) { if (present_section_nr(section_nr)) return section_nr; } return -1; } /* * These are _only_ used during initialisation, therefore they * can use __initdata ... They could have names to indicate * this restriction. */ #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA #define pfn_to_nid(pfn) \ ({ \ unsigned long __pfn_to_nid_pfn = (pfn); \ page_to_nid(pfn_to_page(__pfn_to_nid_pfn)); \ }) #else #define pfn_to_nid(pfn) (0) #endif void sparse_init(void); #else #define sparse_init() do {} while (0) #define sparse_index_init(_sec, _nid) do {} while (0) #define pfn_in_present_section pfn_valid #define subsection_map_init(_pfn, _nr_pages) do {} while (0) #endif /* CONFIG_SPARSEMEM */ /* * During memory init memblocks map pfns to nids. The search is expensive and * this caches recent lookups. The implementation of __early_pfn_to_nid * may treat start/end as pfns or sections. */ struct mminit_pfnnid_cache { unsigned long last_start; unsigned long last_end; int last_nid; }; /* * If it is possible to have holes within a MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES, then we * need to check pfn validity within that MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES block. * pfn_valid_within() should be used in this case; we optimise this away * when we have no holes within a MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES block. */ #ifdef CONFIG_HOLES_IN_ZONE #define pfn_valid_within(pfn) pfn_valid(pfn) #else #define pfn_valid_within(pfn) (1) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_HOLES_MEMORYMODEL /* * pfn_valid() is meant to be able to tell if a given PFN has valid memmap * associated with it or not. This means that a struct page exists for this * pfn. The caller cannot assume the page is fully initialized in general. * Hotplugable pages might not have been onlined yet. pfn_to_online_page() * will ensure the struct page is fully online and initialized. Special pages * (e.g. ZONE_DEVICE) are never onlined and should be treated accordingly. * * In FLATMEM, it is expected that holes always have valid memmap as long as * there is valid PFNs either side of the hole. In SPARSEMEM, it is assumed * that a valid section has a memmap for the entire section. * * However, an ARM, and maybe other embedded architectures in the future * free memmap backing holes to save memory on the assumption the memmap is * never used. The page_zone linkages are then broken even though pfn_valid() * returns true. A walker of the full memmap must then do this additional * check to ensure the memmap they are looking at is sane by making sure * the zone and PFN linkages are still valid. This is expensive, but walkers * of the full memmap are extremely rare. */ bool memmap_valid_within(unsigned long pfn, struct page *page, struct zone *zone); #else static inline bool memmap_valid_within(unsigned long pfn, struct page *page, struct zone *zone) { return true; } #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_HOLES_MEMORYMODEL */ #endif /* !__GENERATING_BOUNDS.H */ #endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _LINUX_MMZONE_H */
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1822 1823 1824 1825 1826 1827 1828 1829 1830 1831 1832 1833 1834 1835 1836 1837 1838 1839 1840 1841 1842 1843 1844 1845 1846 1847 1848 1849 1850 1851 1852 1853 1854 1855 1856 1857 1858 1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880 1881 1882 1883 1884 1885 1886 1887 1888 1889 1890 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899 1900 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __NET_NETLINK_H #define __NET_NETLINK_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/netlink.h> #include <linux/jiffies.h> #include <linux/in6.h> /* ======================================================================== * Netlink Messages and Attributes Interface (As Seen On TV) * ------------------------------------------------------------------------ * Messages Interface * ------------------------------------------------------------------------ * * Message Format: * <--- nlmsg_total_size(payload) ---> * <-- nlmsg_msg_size(payload) -> * +----------+- - -+-------------+- - -+-------- - - * | nlmsghdr | Pad | Payload | Pad | nlmsghdr * +----------+- - -+-------------+- - -+-------- - - * nlmsg_data(nlh)---^ ^ * nlmsg_next(nlh)-----------------------+ * * Payload Format: * <---------------------- nlmsg_len(nlh) ---------------------> * <------ hdrlen ------> <- nlmsg_attrlen(nlh, hdrlen) -> * +----------------------+- - -+--------------------------------+ * | Family Header | Pad | Attributes | * +----------------------+- - -+--------------------------------+ * nlmsg_attrdata(nlh, hdrlen)---^ * * Data Structures: * struct nlmsghdr netlink message header * * Message Construction: * nlmsg_new() create a new netlink message * nlmsg_put() add a netlink message to an skb * nlmsg_put_answer() callback based nlmsg_put() * nlmsg_end() finalize netlink message * nlmsg_get_pos() return current position in message * nlmsg_trim() trim part of message * nlmsg_cancel() cancel message construction * nlmsg_free() free a netlink message * * Message Sending: * nlmsg_multicast() multicast message to several groups * nlmsg_unicast() unicast a message to a single socket * nlmsg_notify() send notification message * * Message Length Calculations: * nlmsg_msg_size(payload) length of message w/o padding * nlmsg_total_size(payload) length of message w/ padding * nlmsg_padlen(payload) length of padding at tail * * Message Payload Access: * nlmsg_data(nlh) head of message payload * nlmsg_len(nlh) length of message payload * nlmsg_attrdata(nlh, hdrlen)