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5789 5790 5791 5792 5793 5794 5795 5796 5797 5798 5799 5800 5801 5802 5803 5804 5805 5806 5807 5808 5809 5810 5811 5812 5813 5814 5815 5816 5817 5818 5819 5820 5821 5822 5823 5824 5825 5826 5827 5828 5829 5830 5831 5832 5833 5834 5835 5836 5837 5838 5839 5840 5841 5842 5843 5844 5845 5846 5847 5848 5849 5850 5851 5852 5853 5854 5855 5856 5857 5858 5859 5860 5861 5862 5863 5864 5865 5866 5867 5868 5869 5870 5871 5872 5873 5874 5875 5876 5877 5878 5879 5880 5881 5882 5883 5884 5885 5886 5887 5888 5889 5890 5891 5892 5893 5894 5895 5896 5897 5898 5899 5900 5901 5902 5903 5904 5905 5906 5907 5908 5909 5910 5911 5912 5913 5914 5915 5916 5917 5918 5919 5920 5921 5922 5923 5924 5925 5926 5927 5928 5929 5930 5931 5932 5933 5934 5935 5936 5937 5938 5939 5940 5941 5942 5943 5944 5945 5946 5947 5948 5949 5950 5951 5952 5953 5954 5955 5956 5957 5958 5959 5960 5961 5962 5963 5964 5965 5966 5967 5968 5969 5970 5971 5972 5973 5974 5975 5976 5977 5978 5979 5980 5981 5982 5983 5984 5985 5986 5987 5988 5989 5990 5991 5992 5993 5994 5995 5996 5997 5998 5999 6000 6001 6002 6003 6004 6005 6006 6007 6008 6009 6010 6011 6012 6013 6014 6015 6016 6017 6018 6019 6020 6021 6022 6023 6024 6025 6026 6027 6028 6029 6030 6031 6032 6033 6034 6035 6036 6037 6038 6039 6040 6041 6042 6043 6044 6045 6046 6047 6048 6049 6050 6051 6052 6053 6054 6055 6056 6057 6058 6059 6060 6061 6062 6063 6064 6065 6066 6067 6068 6069 6070 6071 6072 6073 6074 6075 6076 6077 6078 6079 6080 6081 6082 6083 6084 6085 6086 6087 6088 6089 6090 6091 6092 6093 6094 6095 6096 6097 6098 6099 6100 6101 6102 6103 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * Copyright (c) 2003-2006, Cluster File Systems, Inc, info@clusterfs.com * Written by Alex Tomas <alex@clusterfs.com> * * Architecture independence: * Copyright (c) 2005, Bull S.A. * Written by Pierre Peiffer <pierre.peiffer@bull.net> */ /* * Extents support for EXT4 * * TODO: * - ext4*_error() should be used in some situations * - analyze all BUG()/BUG_ON(), use -EIO where appropriate * - smart tree reduction */ #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/jbd2.h> #include <linux/highuid.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/quotaops.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/fiemap.h> #include <linux/backing-dev.h> #include <linux/iomap.h> #include "ext4_jbd2.h" #include "ext4_extents.h" #include "xattr.h" #include <trace/events/ext4.h> /* * used by extent splitting. */ #define EXT4_EXT_MAY_ZEROOUT 0x1 /* safe to zeroout if split fails \ due to ENOSPC */ #define EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT1 0x2 /* mark first half unwritten */ #define EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT2 0x4 /* mark second half unwritten */ #define EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID1 0x8 /* first half contains valid data */ #define EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID2 0x10 /* second half contains valid data */ static __le32 ext4_extent_block_csum(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent_header *eh) { struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); __u32 csum; csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, ei->i_csum_seed, (__u8 *)eh, EXT4_EXTENT_TAIL_OFFSET(eh)); return cpu_to_le32(csum); } static int ext4_extent_block_csum_verify(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent_header *eh) { struct ext4_extent_tail *et; if (!ext4_has_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb)) return 1; et = find_ext4_extent_tail(eh); if (et->et_checksum != ext4_extent_block_csum(inode, eh)) return 0; return 1; } static void ext4_extent_block_csum_set(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent_header *eh) { struct ext4_extent_tail *et; if (!ext4_has_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb)) return; et = find_ext4_extent_tail(eh); et->et_checksum = ext4_extent_block_csum(inode, eh); } static int ext4_split_extent_at(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path **ppath, ext4_lblk_t split, int split_flag, int flags); static int ext4_ext_trunc_restart_fn(struct inode *inode, int *dropped) { /* * Drop i_data_sem to avoid deadlock with ext4_map_blocks. At this * moment, get_block can be called only for blocks inside i_size since * page cache has been already dropped and writes are blocked by * i_mutex. So we can safely drop the i_data_sem here. */ BUG_ON(EXT4_JOURNAL(inode) == NULL); ext4_discard_preallocations(inode, 0); up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); *dropped = 1; return 0; } /* * Make sure 'handle' has at least 'check_cred' credits. If not, restart * transaction with 'restart_cred' credits. The function drops i_data_sem * when restarting transaction and gets it after transaction is restarted. * * The function returns 0 on success, 1 if transaction had to be restarted, * and < 0 in case of fatal error. */ int ext4_datasem_ensure_credits(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, int check_cred, int restart_cred, int revoke_cred) { int ret; int dropped = 0; ret = ext4_journal_ensure_credits_fn(handle, check_cred, restart_cred, revoke_cred, ext4_ext_trunc_restart_fn(inode, &dropped)); if (dropped) down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); return ret; } /* * could return: * - EROFS * - ENOMEM */ static int ext4_ext_get_access(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path) { int err = 0; if (path->p_bh) { /* path points to block */ BUFFER_TRACE(path->p_bh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, path->p_bh); /* * The extent buffer's verified bit will be set again in * __ext4_ext_dirty(). We could leave an inconsistent * buffer if the extents updating procudure break off du * to some error happens, force to check it again. */ if (!err) clear_buffer_verified(path->p_bh); } /* path points to leaf/index in inode body */ /* we use in-core data, no need to protect them */ return err; } /* * could return: * - EROFS * - ENOMEM * - EIO */ static int __ext4_ext_dirty(const char *where, unsigned int line, handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path) { int err; WARN_ON(!rwsem_is_locked(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem)); if (path->p_bh) { ext4_extent_block_csum_set(inode, ext_block_hdr(path->p_bh)); /* path points to block */ err = __ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(where, line, handle, inode, path->p_bh); /* Extents updating done, re-set verified flag */ if (!err) set_buffer_verified(path->p_bh); } else { /* path points to leaf/index in inode body */ err = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); } return err; } #define ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path) \ __ext4_ext_dirty(__func__, __LINE__, (handle), (inode), (path)) static ext4_fsblk_t ext4_ext_find_goal(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path, ext4_lblk_t block) { if (path) { int depth = path->p_depth; struct ext4_extent *ex; /* * Try to predict block placement assuming that we are * filling in a file which will eventually be * non-sparse --- i.e., in the case of libbfd writing * an ELF object sections out-of-order but in a way * the eventually results in a contiguous object or * executable file, or some database extending a table * space file. However, this is actually somewhat * non-ideal if we are writing a sparse file such as * qemu or KVM writing a raw image file that is going * to stay fairly sparse, since it will end up * fragmenting the file system's free space. Maybe we * should have some hueristics or some way to allow * userspace to pass a hint to file system, * especially if the latter case turns out to be * common. */ ex = path[depth].p_ext; if (ex) { ext4_fsblk_t ext_pblk = ext4_ext_pblock(ex); ext4_lblk_t ext_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); if (block > ext_block) return ext_pblk + (block - ext_block); else return ext_pblk - (ext_block - block); } /* it looks like index is empty; * try to find starting block from index itself */ if (path[depth].p_bh) return path[depth].p_bh->b_blocknr; } /* OK. use inode's group */ return ext4_inode_to_goal_block(inode); } /* * Allocation for a meta data block */ static ext4_fsblk_t ext4_ext_new_meta_block(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path, struct ext4_extent *ex, int *err, unsigned int flags) { ext4_fsblk_t goal, newblock; goal = ext4_ext_find_goal(inode, path, le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block)); newblock = ext4_new_meta_blocks(handle, inode, goal, flags, NULL, err); return newblock; } static inline int ext4_ext_space_block(struct inode *inode, int check) { int size; size = (inode->i_sb->s_blocksize - sizeof(struct ext4_extent_header)) / sizeof(struct ext4_extent); #ifdef AGGRESSIVE_TEST if (!check && size > 6) size = 6; #endif return size; } static inline int ext4_ext_space_block_idx(struct inode *inode, int check) { int size; size = (inode->i_sb->s_blocksize - sizeof(struct ext4_extent_header)) / sizeof(struct ext4_extent_idx); #ifdef AGGRESSIVE_TEST if (!check && size > 5) size = 5; #endif return size; } static inline int ext4_ext_space_root(struct inode *inode, int check) { int size; size = sizeof(EXT4_I(inode)->i_data); size -= sizeof(struct ext4_extent_header); size /= sizeof(struct ext4_extent); #ifdef AGGRESSIVE_TEST if (!check && size > 3) size = 3; #endif return size; } static inline int ext4_ext_space_root_idx(struct inode *inode, int check) { int size; size = sizeof(EXT4_I(inode)->i_data); size -= sizeof(struct ext4_extent_header); size /= sizeof(struct ext4_extent_idx); #ifdef AGGRESSIVE_TEST if (!check && size > 4) size = 4; #endif return size; } static inline int ext4_force_split_extent_at(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path **ppath, ext4_lblk_t lblk, int nofail) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = *ppath; int unwritten = ext4_ext_is_unwritten(path[path->p_depth].p_ext); int flags = EXT4_EX_NOCACHE | EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO; if (nofail) flags |= EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_METADATA_NOFAIL | EXT4_EX_NOFAIL; return ext4_split_extent_at(handle, inode, ppath, lblk, unwritten ? EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT1|EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT2 : 0, flags); } static int ext4_ext_max_entries(struct inode *inode, int depth) { int max; if (depth == ext_depth(inode)) { if (depth == 0) max = ext4_ext_space_root(inode, 1); else max = ext4_ext_space_root_idx(inode, 1); } else { if (depth == 0) max = ext4_ext_space_block(inode, 1); else max = ext4_ext_space_block_idx(inode, 1); } return max; } static int ext4_valid_extent(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent *ext) { ext4_fsblk_t block = ext4_ext_pblock(ext); int len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ext); ext4_lblk_t lblock = le32_to_cpu(ext->ee_block); /* * We allow neither: * - zero length * - overflow/wrap-around */ if (lblock + len <= lblock) return 0; return ext4_inode_block_valid(inode, block, len); } static int ext4_valid_extent_idx(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent_idx *ext_idx) { ext4_fsblk_t block = ext4_idx_pblock(ext_idx); return ext4_inode_block_valid(inode, block, 1); } static int ext4_valid_extent_entries(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent_header *eh, ext4_lblk_t lblk, ext4_fsblk_t *pblk, int depth) { unsigned short entries; ext4_lblk_t lblock = 0; ext4_lblk_t prev = 0; if (eh->eh_entries == 0) return 1; entries = le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_entries); if (depth == 0) { /* leaf entries */ struct ext4_extent *ext = EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh); /* * The logical block in the first entry should equal to * the number in the index block. */ if (depth != ext_depth(inode) && lblk != le32_to_cpu(ext->ee_block)) return 0; while (entries) { if (!ext4_valid_extent(inode, ext)) return 0; /* Check for overlapping extents */ lblock = le32_to_cpu(ext->ee_block); if ((lblock <= prev) && prev) { *pblk = ext4_ext_pblock(ext); return 0; } prev = lblock + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ext) - 1; ext++; entries--; } } else { struct ext4_extent_idx *ext_idx = EXT_FIRST_INDEX(eh); /* * The logical block in the first entry should equal to * the number in the parent index block. */ if (depth != ext_depth(inode) && lblk != le32_to_cpu(ext_idx->ei_block)) return 0; while (entries) { if (!ext4_valid_extent_idx(inode, ext_idx)) return 0; /* Check for overlapping index extents */ lblock = le32_to_cpu(ext_idx->ei_block); if ((lblock <= prev) && prev) { *pblk = ext4_idx_pblock(ext_idx); return 0; } ext_idx++; entries--; prev = lblock; } } return 1; } static int __ext4_ext_check(const char *function, unsigned int line, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent_header *eh, int depth, ext4_fsblk_t pblk, ext4_lblk_t lblk) { const char *error_msg; int max = 0, err = -EFSCORRUPTED; if (unlikely(eh->eh_magic != EXT4_EXT_MAGIC)) { error_msg = "invalid magic"; goto corrupted; } if (unlikely(le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_depth) != depth)) { error_msg = "unexpected eh_depth"; goto corrupted; } if (unlikely(eh->eh_max == 0)) { error_msg = "invalid eh_max"; goto corrupted; } max = ext4_ext_max_entries(inode, depth); if (unlikely(le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_max) > max)) { error_msg = "too large eh_max"; goto corrupted; } if (unlikely(le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_entries) > le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_max))) { error_msg = "invalid eh_entries"; goto corrupted; } if (!ext4_valid_extent_entries(inode, eh, lblk, &pblk, depth)) { error_msg = "invalid extent entries"; goto corrupted; } if (unlikely(depth > 32)) { error_msg = "too large eh_depth"; goto corrupted; } /* Verify checksum on non-root extent tree nodes */ if (ext_depth(inode) != depth && !ext4_extent_block_csum_verify(inode, eh)) { error_msg = "extent tree corrupted"; err = -EFSBADCRC; goto corrupted; } return 0; corrupted: ext4_error_inode_err(inode, function, line, 0, -err, "pblk %llu bad header/extent: %s - magic %x, " "entries %u, max %u(%u), depth %u(%u)", (unsigned long long) pblk, error_msg, le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_magic), le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_entries), le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_max), max, le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_depth), depth); return err; } #define ext4_ext_check(inode, eh, depth, pblk) \ __ext4_ext_check(__func__, __LINE__, (inode), (eh), (depth), (pblk), 0) int ext4_ext_check_inode(struct inode *inode) { return ext4_ext_check(inode, ext_inode_hdr(inode), ext_depth(inode), 0); } static void ext4_cache_extents(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent_header *eh) { struct ext4_extent *ex = EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh); ext4_lblk_t prev = 0; int i; for (i = le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_entries); i > 0; i--, ex++) { unsigned int status = EXTENT_STATUS_WRITTEN; ext4_lblk_t lblk = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); int len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); if (prev && (prev != lblk)) ext4_es_cache_extent(inode, prev, lblk - prev, ~0, EXTENT_STATUS_HOLE); if (ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex)) status = EXTENT_STATUS_UNWRITTEN; ext4_es_cache_extent(inode, lblk, len, ext4_ext_pblock(ex), status); prev = lblk + len; } } static struct buffer_head * __read_extent_tree_block(const char *function, unsigned int line, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent_idx *idx, int depth, int flags) { struct buffer_head *bh; int err; gfp_t gfp_flags = __GFP_MOVABLE | GFP_NOFS; ext4_fsblk_t pblk; if (flags & EXT4_EX_NOFAIL) gfp_flags |= __GFP_NOFAIL; pblk = ext4_idx_pblock(idx); bh = sb_getblk_gfp(inode->i_sb, pblk, gfp_flags); if (unlikely(!bh)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (!bh_uptodate_or_lock(bh)) { trace_ext4_ext_load_extent(inode, pblk, _RET_IP_); err = ext4_read_bh(bh, 0, NULL); if (err < 0) goto errout; } if (buffer_verified(bh) && !(flags & EXT4_EX_FORCE_CACHE)) return bh; err = __ext4_ext_check(function, line, inode, ext_block_hdr(bh), depth, pblk, le32_to_cpu(idx->ei_block)); if (err) goto errout; set_buffer_verified(bh); /* * If this is a leaf block, cache all of its entries */ if (!(flags & EXT4_EX_NOCACHE) && depth == 0) { struct ext4_extent_header *eh = ext_block_hdr(bh); ext4_cache_extents(inode, eh); } return bh; errout: put_bh(bh); return ERR_PTR(err); } #define read_extent_tree_block(inode, idx, depth, flags) \ __read_extent_tree_block(__func__, __LINE__, (inode), (idx), \ (depth), (flags)) /* * This function is called to cache a file's extent information in the * extent status tree */ int ext4_ext_precache(struct inode *inode) { struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); struct ext4_ext_path *path = NULL; struct buffer_head *bh; int i = 0, depth, ret = 0; if (!ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)) return 0; /* not an extent-mapped inode */ down_read(&ei->i_data_sem); depth = ext_depth(inode); /* Don't cache anything if there are no external extent blocks */ if (!depth) { up_read(&ei->i_data_sem); return ret; } path = kcalloc(depth + 1, sizeof(struct ext4_ext_path), GFP_NOFS); if (path == NULL) { up_read(&ei->i_data_sem); return -ENOMEM; } path[0].p_hdr = ext_inode_hdr(inode); ret = ext4_ext_check(inode, path[0].p_hdr, depth, 0); if (ret) goto out; path[0].p_idx = EXT_FIRST_INDEX(path[0].p_hdr); while (i >= 0) { /* * If this is a leaf block or we've reached the end of * the index block, go up */ if ((i == depth) || path[i].p_idx > EXT_LAST_INDEX(path[i].p_hdr)) { brelse(path[i].p_bh); path[i].p_bh = NULL; i--; continue; } bh = read_extent_tree_block(inode, path[i].p_idx++, depth - i - 1, EXT4_EX_FORCE_CACHE); if (IS_ERR(bh)) { ret = PTR_ERR(bh); break; } i++; path[i].p_bh = bh; path[i].p_hdr = ext_block_hdr(bh); path[i].p_idx = EXT_FIRST_INDEX(path[i].p_hdr); } ext4_set_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_EXT_PRECACHED); out: up_read(&ei->i_data_sem); ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); return ret; } #ifdef EXT_DEBUG static void ext4_ext_show_path(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path) { int k, l = path->p_depth; ext_debug(inode, "path:"); for (k = 0; k <= l; k++, path++) { if (path->p_idx) { ext_debug(inode, " %d->%llu", le32_to_cpu(path->p_idx->ei_block), ext4_idx_pblock(path->p_idx)); } else if (path->p_ext) { ext_debug(inode, " %d:[%d]%d:%llu ", le32_to_cpu(path->p_ext->ee_block), ext4_ext_is_unwritten(path->p_ext), ext4_ext_get_actual_len(path->p_ext), ext4_ext_pblock(path->p_ext)); } else ext_debug(inode, " []"); } ext_debug(inode, "\n"); } static void ext4_ext_show_leaf(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path) { int depth = ext_depth(inode); struct ext4_extent_header *eh; struct ext4_extent *ex; int i; if (!path) return; eh = path[depth].p_hdr; ex = EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh); ext_debug(inode, "Displaying leaf extents\n"); for (i = 0; i < le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_entries); i++, ex++) { ext_debug(inode, "%d:[%d]%d:%llu ", le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block), ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex), ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex), ext4_ext_pblock(ex)); } ext_debug(inode, "\n"); } static void ext4_ext_show_move(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path, ext4_fsblk_t newblock, int level) { int depth = ext_depth(inode); struct ext4_extent *ex; if (depth != level) { struct ext4_extent_idx *idx; idx = path[level].p_idx; while (idx <= EXT_MAX_INDEX(path[level].p_hdr)) { ext_debug(inode, "%d: move %d:%llu in new index %llu\n", level, le32_to_cpu(idx->ei_block), ext4_idx_pblock(idx), newblock); idx++; } return; } ex = path[depth].p_ext; while (ex <= EXT_MAX_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr)) { ext_debug(inode, "move %d:%llu:[%d]%d in new leaf %llu\n", le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block), ext4_ext_pblock(ex), ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex), ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex), newblock); ex++; } } #else #define ext4_ext_show_path(inode, path) #define ext4_ext_show_leaf(inode, path) #define ext4_ext_show_move(inode, path, newblock, level) #endif void ext4_ext_drop_refs(struct ext4_ext_path *path) { int depth, i; if (!path) return; depth = path->p_depth; for (i = 0; i <= depth; i++, path++) { brelse(path->p_bh); path->p_bh = NULL; } } /* * ext4_ext_binsearch_idx: * binary search for the closest index of the given block * the header must be checked before calling this */ static void ext4_ext_binsearch_idx(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path, ext4_lblk_t block) { struct ext4_extent_header *eh = path->p_hdr; struct ext4_extent_idx *r, *l, *m; ext_debug(inode, "binsearch for %u(idx): ", block); l = EXT_FIRST_INDEX(eh) + 1; r = EXT_LAST_INDEX(eh); while (l <= r) { m = l + (r - l) / 2; if (block < le32_to_cpu(m->ei_block)) r = m - 1; else l = m + 1; ext_debug(inode, "%p(%u):%p(%u):%p(%u) ", l, le32_to_cpu(l->ei_block), m, le32_to_cpu(m->ei_block), r, le32_to_cpu(r->ei_block)); } path->p_idx = l - 1; ext_debug(inode, " -> %u->%lld ", le32_to_cpu(path->p_idx->ei_block), ext4_idx_pblock(path->p_idx)); #ifdef CHECK_BINSEARCH { struct ext4_extent_idx *chix, *ix; int k; chix = ix = EXT_FIRST_INDEX(eh); for (k = 0; k < le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_entries); k++, ix++) { if (k != 0 && le32_to_cpu(ix->ei_block) <= le32_to_cpu(ix[-1].ei_block)) { printk(KERN_DEBUG "k=%d, ix=0x%p, " "first=0x%p\n", k, ix, EXT_FIRST_INDEX(eh)); printk(KERN_DEBUG "%u <= %u\n", le32_to_cpu(ix->ei_block), le32_to_cpu(ix[-1].ei_block)); } BUG_ON(k && le32_to_cpu(ix->ei_block) <= le32_to_cpu(ix[-1].ei_block)); if (block < le32_to_cpu(ix->ei_block)) break; chix = ix; } BUG_ON(chix != path->p_idx); } #endif } /* * ext4_ext_binsearch: * binary search for closest extent of the given block * the header must be checked before calling this */ static void ext4_ext_binsearch(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path, ext4_lblk_t block) { struct ext4_extent_header *eh = path->p_hdr; struct ext4_extent *r, *l, *m; if (eh->eh_entries == 0) { /* * this leaf is empty: * we get such a leaf in split/add case */ return; } ext_debug(inode, "binsearch for %u: ", block); l = EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh) + 1; r = EXT_LAST_EXTENT(eh); while (l <= r) { m = l + (r - l) / 2; if (block < le32_to_cpu(m->ee_block)) r = m - 1; else l = m + 1; ext_debug(inode, "%p(%u):%p(%u):%p(%u) ", l, le32_to_cpu(l->ee_block), m, le32_to_cpu(m->ee_block), r, le32_to_cpu(r->ee_block)); } path->p_ext = l - 1; ext_debug(inode, " -> %d:%llu:[%d]%d ", le32_to_cpu(path->p_ext->ee_block), ext4_ext_pblock(path->p_ext), ext4_ext_is_unwritten(path->p_ext), ext4_ext_get_actual_len(path->p_ext)); #ifdef CHECK_BINSEARCH { struct ext4_extent *chex, *ex; int k; chex = ex = EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh); for (k = 0; k < le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_entries); k++, ex++) { BUG_ON(k && le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) <= le32_to_cpu(ex[-1].ee_block)); if (block < le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block)) break; chex = ex; } BUG_ON(chex != path->p_ext); } #endif } void ext4_ext_tree_init(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode) { struct ext4_extent_header *eh; eh = ext_inode_hdr(inode); eh->eh_depth = 0; eh->eh_entries = 0; eh->eh_magic = EXT4_EXT_MAGIC; eh->eh_max = cpu_to_le16(ext4_ext_space_root(inode, 0)); eh->eh_generation = 0; ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); } struct ext4_ext_path * ext4_find_extent(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t block, struct ext4_ext_path **orig_path, int flags) { struct ext4_extent_header *eh; struct buffer_head *bh; struct ext4_ext_path *path = orig_path ? *orig_path : NULL; short int depth, i, ppos = 0; int ret; gfp_t gfp_flags = GFP_NOFS; if (flags & EXT4_EX_NOFAIL) gfp_flags |= __GFP_NOFAIL; eh = ext_inode_hdr(inode); depth = ext_depth(inode); if (depth < 0 || depth > EXT4_MAX_EXTENT_DEPTH) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "inode has invalid extent depth: %d", depth); ret = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto err; } if (path) { ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); if (depth > path[0].p_maxdepth) { kfree(path); *orig_path = path = NULL; } } if (!path) { /* account possible depth increase */ path = kcalloc(depth + 2, sizeof(struct ext4_ext_path), gfp_flags); if (unlikely(!path)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); path[0].p_maxdepth = depth + 1; } path[0].p_hdr = eh; path[0].p_bh = NULL; i = depth; if (!(flags & EXT4_EX_NOCACHE) && depth == 0) ext4_cache_extents(inode, eh); /* walk through the tree */ while (i) { ext_debug(inode, "depth %d: num %d, max %d\n", ppos, le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_entries), le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_max)); ext4_ext_binsearch_idx(inode, path + ppos, block); path[ppos].p_block = ext4_idx_pblock(path[ppos].p_idx); path[ppos].p_depth = i; path[ppos].p_ext = NULL; bh = read_extent_tree_block(inode, path[ppos].p_idx, --i, flags); if (IS_ERR(bh)) { ret = PTR_ERR(bh); goto err; } eh = ext_block_hdr(bh); ppos++; path[ppos].p_bh = bh; path[ppos].p_hdr = eh; } path[ppos].p_depth = i; path[ppos].p_ext = NULL; path[ppos].p_idx = NULL; /* find extent */ ext4_ext_binsearch(inode, path + ppos, block); /* if not an empty leaf */ if (path[ppos].p_ext) path[ppos].p_block = ext4_ext_pblock(path[ppos].p_ext); ext4_ext_show_path(inode, path); return path; err: ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); if (orig_path) *orig_path = NULL; return ERR_PTR(ret); } /* * ext4_ext_insert_index: * insert new index [@logical;@ptr] into the block at @curp; * check where to insert: before @curp or after @curp */ static int ext4_ext_insert_index(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *curp, int logical, ext4_fsblk_t ptr) { struct ext4_extent_idx *ix; int len, err; err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, curp); if (err) return err; if (unlikely(logical == le32_to_cpu(curp->p_idx->ei_block))) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "logical %d == ei_block %d!", logical, le32_to_cpu(curp->p_idx->ei_block)); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } if (unlikely(le16_to_cpu(curp->p_hdr->eh_entries) >= le16_to_cpu(curp->p_hdr->eh_max))) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "eh_entries %d >= eh_max %d!", le16_to_cpu(curp->p_hdr->eh_entries), le16_to_cpu(curp->p_hdr->eh_max)); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } if (logical > le32_to_cpu(curp->p_idx->ei_block)) { /* insert after */ ext_debug(inode, "insert new index %d after: %llu\n", logical, ptr); ix = curp->p_idx + 1; } else { /* insert before */ ext_debug(inode, "insert new index %d before: %llu\n", logical, ptr); ix = curp->p_idx; } len = EXT_LAST_INDEX(curp->p_hdr) - ix + 1; BUG_ON(len < 0); if (len > 0) { ext_debug(inode, "insert new index %d: " "move %d indices from 0x%p to 0x%p\n", logical, len, ix, ix + 1); memmove(ix + 1, ix, len * sizeof(struct ext4_extent_idx)); } if (unlikely(ix > EXT_MAX_INDEX(curp->p_hdr))) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "ix > EXT_MAX_INDEX!"); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } ix->ei_block = cpu_to_le32(logical); ext4_idx_store_pblock(ix, ptr); le16_add_cpu(&curp->p_hdr->eh_entries, 1); if (unlikely(ix > EXT_LAST_INDEX(curp->p_hdr))) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "ix > EXT_LAST_INDEX!"); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, curp); ext4_std_error(inode->i_sb, err); return err; } /* * ext4_ext_split: * inserts new subtree into the path, using free index entry * at depth @at: * - allocates all needed blocks (new leaf and all intermediate index blocks) * - makes decision where to split * - moves remaining extents and index entries (right to the split point) * into the newly allocated blocks * - initializes subtree */ static int ext4_ext_split(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, unsigned int flags, struct ext4_ext_path *path, struct ext4_extent *newext, int at) { struct buffer_head *bh = NULL; int depth = ext_depth(inode); struct ext4_extent_header *neh; struct ext4_extent_idx *fidx; int i = at, k, m, a; ext4_fsblk_t newblock, oldblock; __le32 border; ext4_fsblk_t *ablocks = NULL; /* array of allocated blocks */ gfp_t gfp_flags = GFP_NOFS; int err = 0; size_t ext_size = 0; if (flags & EXT4_EX_NOFAIL) gfp_flags |= __GFP_NOFAIL; /* make decision: where to split? */ /* FIXME: now decision is simplest: at current extent */ /* if current leaf will be split, then we should use * border from split point */ if (unlikely(path[depth].p_ext > EXT_MAX_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr))) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "p_ext > EXT_MAX_EXTENT!"); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } if (path[depth].p_ext != EXT_MAX_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr)) { border = path[depth].p_ext[1].ee_block; ext_debug(inode, "leaf will be split." " next leaf starts at %d\n", le32_to_cpu(border)); } else { border = newext->ee_block; ext_debug(inode, "leaf will be added." " next leaf starts at %d\n", le32_to_cpu(border)); } /* * If error occurs, then we break processing * and mark filesystem read-only. index won't * be inserted and tree will be in consistent * state. Next mount will repair buffers too. */ /* * Get array to track all allocated blocks. * We need this to handle errors and free blocks * upon them. */ ablocks = kcalloc(depth, sizeof(ext4_fsblk_t), gfp_flags); if (!ablocks) return -ENOMEM; /* allocate all needed blocks */ ext_debug(inode, "allocate %d blocks for indexes/leaf\n", depth - at); for (a = 0; a < depth - at; a++) { newblock = ext4_ext_new_meta_block(handle, inode, path, newext, &err, flags); if (newblock == 0) goto cleanup; ablocks[a] = newblock; } /* initialize new leaf */ newblock = ablocks[--a]; if (unlikely(newblock == 0)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "newblock == 0!"); err = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto cleanup; } bh = sb_getblk_gfp(inode->i_sb, newblock, __GFP_MOVABLE | GFP_NOFS); if (unlikely(!bh)) { err = -ENOMEM; goto cleanup; } lock_buffer(bh); err = ext4_journal_get_create_access(handle, bh); if (err) goto cleanup; neh = ext_block_hdr(bh); neh->eh_entries = 0; neh->eh_max = cpu_to_le16(ext4_ext_space_block(inode, 0)); neh->eh_magic = EXT4_EXT_MAGIC; neh->eh_depth = 0; neh->eh_generation = 0; /* move remainder of path[depth] to the new leaf */ if (unlikely(path[depth].p_hdr->eh_entries != path[depth].p_hdr->eh_max)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "eh_entries %d != eh_max %d!", path[depth].p_hdr->eh_entries, path[depth].p_hdr->eh_max); err = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto cleanup; } /* start copy from next extent */ m = EXT_MAX_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr) - path[depth].p_ext++; ext4_ext_show_move(inode, path, newblock, depth); if (m) { struct ext4_extent *ex; ex = EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(neh); memmove(ex, path[depth].p_ext, sizeof(struct ext4_extent) * m); le16_add_cpu(&neh->eh_entries, m); } /* zero out unused area in the extent block */ ext_size = sizeof(struct ext4_extent_header) + sizeof(struct ext4_extent) * le16_to_cpu(neh->eh_entries); memset(bh->b_data + ext_size, 0, inode->i_sb->s_blocksize - ext_size); ext4_extent_block_csum_set(inode, neh); set_buffer_uptodate(bh); unlock_buffer(bh); err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, inode, bh); if (err) goto cleanup; brelse(bh); bh = NULL; /* correct old leaf */ if (m) { err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto cleanup; le16_add_cpu(&path[depth].p_hdr->eh_entries, -m); err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto cleanup; } /* create intermediate indexes */ k = depth - at - 1; if (unlikely(k < 0)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "k %d < 0!", k); err = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto cleanup; } if (k) ext_debug(inode, "create %d intermediate indices\n", k); /* insert new index into current index block */ /* current depth stored in i var */ i = depth - 1; while (k--) { oldblock = newblock; newblock = ablocks[--a]; bh = sb_getblk(inode->i_sb, newblock); if (unlikely(!bh)) { err = -ENOMEM; goto cleanup; } lock_buffer(bh); err = ext4_journal_get_create_access(handle, bh); if (err) goto cleanup; neh = ext_block_hdr(bh); neh->eh_entries = cpu_to_le16(1); neh->eh_magic = EXT4_EXT_MAGIC; neh->eh_max = cpu_to_le16(ext4_ext_space_block_idx(inode, 0)); neh->eh_depth = cpu_to_le16(depth - i); neh->eh_generation = 0; fidx = EXT_FIRST_INDEX(neh); fidx->ei_block = border; ext4_idx_store_pblock(fidx, oldblock); ext_debug(inode, "int.index at %d (block %llu): %u -> %llu\n", i, newblock, le32_to_cpu(border), oldblock); /* move remainder of path[i] to the new index block */ if (unlikely(EXT_MAX_INDEX(path[i].p_hdr) != EXT_LAST_INDEX(path[i].p_hdr))) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "EXT_MAX_INDEX != EXT_LAST_INDEX ee_block %d!", le32_to_cpu(path[i].p_ext->ee_block)); err = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto cleanup; } /* start copy indexes */ m = EXT_MAX_INDEX(path[i].p_hdr) - path[i].p_idx++; ext_debug(inode, "cur 0x%p, last 0x%p\n", path[i].p_idx, EXT_MAX_INDEX(path[i].p_hdr)); ext4_ext_show_move(inode, path, newblock, i); if (m) { memmove(++fidx, path[i].p_idx, sizeof(struct ext4_extent_idx) * m); le16_add_cpu(&neh->eh_entries, m); } /* zero out unused area in the extent block */ ext_size = sizeof(struct ext4_extent_header) + (sizeof(struct ext4_extent) * le16_to_cpu(neh->eh_entries)); memset(bh->b_data + ext_size, 0, inode->i_sb->s_blocksize - ext_size); ext4_extent_block_csum_set(inode, neh); set_buffer_uptodate(bh); unlock_buffer(bh); err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, inode, bh); if (err) goto cleanup; brelse(bh); bh = NULL; /* correct old index */ if (m) { err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + i); if (err) goto cleanup; le16_add_cpu(&path[i].p_hdr->eh_entries, -m); err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + i); if (err) goto cleanup; } i--; } /* insert new index */ err = ext4_ext_insert_index(handle, inode, path + at, le32_to_cpu(border), newblock); cleanup: if (bh) { if (buffer_locked(bh)) unlock_buffer(bh); brelse(bh); } if (err) { /* free all allocated blocks in error case */ for (i = 0; i < depth; i++) { if (!ablocks[i]) continue; ext4_free_blocks(handle, inode, NULL, ablocks[i], 1, EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_METADATA); } } kfree(ablocks); return err; } /* * ext4_ext_grow_indepth: * implements tree growing procedure: * - allocates new block * - moves top-level data (index block or leaf) into the new block * - initializes new top-level, creating index that points to the * just created block */ static int ext4_ext_grow_indepth(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, unsigned int flags) { struct ext4_extent_header *neh; struct buffer_head *bh; ext4_fsblk_t newblock, goal = 0; struct ext4_super_block *es = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_es; int err = 0; size_t ext_size = 0; /* Try to prepend new index to old one */ if (ext_depth(inode)) goal = ext4_idx_pblock(EXT_FIRST_INDEX(ext_inode_hdr(inode))); if (goal > le32_to_cpu(es->s_first_data_block)) { flags |= EXT4_MB_HINT_TRY_GOAL; goal--; } else goal = ext4_inode_to_goal_block(inode); newblock = ext4_new_meta_blocks(handle, inode, goal, flags, NULL, &err); if (newblock == 0) return err; bh = sb_getblk_gfp(inode->i_sb, newblock, __GFP_MOVABLE | GFP_NOFS); if (unlikely(!bh)) return -ENOMEM; lock_buffer(bh); err = ext4_journal_get_create_access(handle, bh); if (err) { unlock_buffer(bh); goto out; } ext_size = sizeof(EXT4_I(inode)->i_data); /* move top-level index/leaf into new block */ memmove(bh->b_data, EXT4_I(inode)->i_data, ext_size); /* zero out unused area in the extent block */ memset(bh->b_data + ext_size, 0, inode->i_sb->s_blocksize - ext_size); /* set size of new block */ neh = ext_block_hdr(bh); /* old root could have indexes or leaves * so calculate e_max right way */ if (ext_depth(inode)) neh->eh_max = cpu_to_le16(ext4_ext_space_block_idx(inode, 0)); else neh->eh_max = cpu_to_le16(ext4_ext_space_block(inode, 0)); neh->eh_magic = EXT4_EXT_MAGIC; ext4_extent_block_csum_set(inode, neh); set_buffer_uptodate(bh); unlock_buffer(bh); err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, inode, bh); if (err) goto out; /* Update top-level index: num,max,pointer */ neh = ext_inode_hdr(inode); neh->eh_entries = cpu_to_le16(1); ext4_idx_store_pblock(EXT_FIRST_INDEX(neh), newblock); if (neh->eh_depth == 0) { /* Root extent block becomes index block */ neh->eh_max = cpu_to_le16(ext4_ext_space_root_idx(inode, 0)); EXT_FIRST_INDEX(neh)->ei_block = EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(neh)->ee_block; } ext_debug(inode, "new root: num %d(%d), lblock %d, ptr %llu\n", le16_to_cpu(neh->eh_entries), le16_to_cpu(neh->eh_max), le32_to_cpu(EXT_FIRST_INDEX(neh)->ei_block), ext4_idx_pblock(EXT_FIRST_INDEX(neh))); le16_add_cpu(&neh->eh_depth, 1); err = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); out: brelse(bh); return err; } /* * ext4_ext_create_new_leaf: * finds empty index and adds new leaf. * if no free index is found, then it requests in-depth growing. */ static int ext4_ext_create_new_leaf(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, unsigned int mb_flags, unsigned int gb_flags, struct ext4_ext_path **ppath, struct ext4_extent *newext) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = *ppath; struct ext4_ext_path *curp; int depth, i, err = 0; repeat: i = depth = ext_depth(inode); /* walk up to the tree and look for free index entry */ curp = path + depth; while (i > 0 && !EXT_HAS_FREE_INDEX(curp)) { i--; curp--; } /* we use already allocated block for index block, * so subsequent data blocks should be contiguous */ if (EXT_HAS_FREE_INDEX(curp)) { /* if we found index with free entry, then use that * entry: create all needed subtree and add new leaf */ err = ext4_ext_split(handle, inode, mb_flags, path, newext, i); if (err) goto out; /* refill path */ path = ext4_find_extent(inode, (ext4_lblk_t)le32_to_cpu(newext->ee_block), ppath, gb_flags); if (IS_ERR(path)) err = PTR_ERR(path); } else { /* tree is full, time to grow in depth */ err = ext4_ext_grow_indepth(handle, inode, mb_flags); if (err) goto out; /* refill path */ path = ext4_find_extent(inode, (ext4_lblk_t)le32_to_cpu(newext->ee_block), ppath, gb_flags); if (IS_ERR(path)) { err = PTR_ERR(path); goto out; } /* * only first (depth 0 -> 1) produces free space; * in all other cases we have to split the grown tree */ depth = ext_depth(inode); if (path[depth].p_hdr->eh_entries == path[depth].p_hdr->eh_max) { /* now we need to split */ goto repeat; } } out: return err; } /* * search the closest allocated block to the left for *logical * and returns it at @logical + it's physical address at @phys * if *logical is the smallest allocated block, the function * returns 0 at @phys * return value contains 0 (success) or error code */ static int ext4_ext_search_left(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path, ext4_lblk_t *logical, ext4_fsblk_t *phys) { struct ext4_extent_idx *ix; struct ext4_extent *ex; int depth, ee_len; if (unlikely(path == NULL)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "path == NULL *logical %d!", *logical); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } depth = path->p_depth; *phys = 0; if (depth == 0 && path->p_ext == NULL) return 0; /* usually extent in the path covers blocks smaller * then *logical, but it can be that extent is the * first one in the file */ ex = path[depth].p_ext; ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); if (*logical < le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block)) { if (unlikely(EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr) != ex)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "EXT_FIRST_EXTENT != ex *logical %d ee_block %d!", *logical, le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block)); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } while (--depth >= 0) { ix = path[depth].p_idx; if (unlikely(ix != EXT_FIRST_INDEX(path[depth].p_hdr))) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "ix (%d) != EXT_FIRST_INDEX (%d) (depth %d)!", ix != NULL ? le32_to_cpu(ix->ei_block) : 0, EXT_FIRST_INDEX(path[depth].p_hdr) != NULL ? le32_to_cpu(EXT_FIRST_INDEX(path[depth].p_hdr)->ei_block) : 0, depth); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } } return 0; } if (unlikely(*logical < (le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) + ee_len))) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "logical %d < ee_block %d + ee_len %d!", *logical, le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block), ee_len); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } *logical = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) + ee_len - 1; *phys = ext4_ext_pblock(ex) + ee_len - 1; return 0; } /* * Search the closest allocated block to the right for *logical * and returns it at @logical + it's physical address at @phys. * If not exists, return 0 and @phys is set to 0. We will return * 1 which means we found an allocated block and ret_ex is valid. * Or return a (< 0) error code. */ static int ext4_ext_search_right(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path, ext4_lblk_t *logical, ext4_fsblk_t *phys, struct ext4_extent *ret_ex) { struct buffer_head *bh = NULL; struct ext4_extent_header *eh; struct ext4_extent_idx *ix; struct ext4_extent *ex; int depth; /* Note, NOT eh_depth; depth from top of tree */ int ee_len; if (unlikely(path == NULL)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "path == NULL *logical %d!", *logical); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } depth = path->p_depth; *phys = 0; if (depth == 0 && path->p_ext == NULL) return 0; /* usually extent in the path covers blocks smaller * then *logical, but it can be that extent is the * first one in the file */ ex = path[depth].p_ext; ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); if (*logical < le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block)) { if (unlikely(EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr) != ex)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "first_extent(path[%d].p_hdr) != ex", depth); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } while (--depth >= 0) { ix = path[depth].p_idx; if (unlikely(ix != EXT_FIRST_INDEX(path[depth].p_hdr))) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "ix != EXT_FIRST_INDEX *logical %d!", *logical); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } } goto found_extent; } if (unlikely(*logical < (le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) + ee_len))) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "logical %d < ee_block %d + ee_len %d!", *logical, le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block), ee_len); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } if (ex != EXT_LAST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr)) { /* next allocated block in this leaf */ ex++; goto found_extent; } /* go up and search for index to the right */ while (--depth >= 0) { ix = path[depth].p_idx; if (ix != EXT_LAST_INDEX(path[depth].p_hdr)) goto got_index; } /* we've gone up to the root and found no index to the right */ return 0; got_index: /* we've found index to the right, let's * follow it and find the closest allocated * block to the right */ ix++; while (++depth < path->p_depth) { /* subtract from p_depth to get proper eh_depth */ bh = read_extent_tree_block(inode, ix, path->p_depth - depth, 0); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return PTR_ERR(bh); eh = ext_block_hdr(bh); ix = EXT_FIRST_INDEX(eh); put_bh(bh); } bh = read_extent_tree_block(inode, ix, path->p_depth - depth, 0); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return PTR_ERR(bh); eh = ext_block_hdr(bh); ex = EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh); found_extent: *logical = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); *phys = ext4_ext_pblock(ex); if (ret_ex) *ret_ex = *ex; if (bh) put_bh(bh); return 1; } /* * ext4_ext_next_allocated_block: * returns allocated block in subsequent extent or EXT_MAX_BLOCKS. * NOTE: it considers block number from index entry as * allocated block. Thus, index entries have to be consistent * with leaves. */ ext4_lblk_t ext4_ext_next_allocated_block(struct ext4_ext_path *path) { int depth; BUG_ON(path == NULL); depth = path->p_depth; if (depth == 0 && path->p_ext == NULL) return EXT_MAX_BLOCKS; while (depth >= 0) { struct ext4_ext_path *p = &path[depth]; if (depth == path->p_depth) { /* leaf */ if (p->p_ext && p->p_ext != EXT_LAST_EXTENT(p->p_hdr)) return le32_to_cpu(p->p_ext[1].ee_block); } else { /* index */ if (p->p_idx != EXT_LAST_INDEX(p->p_hdr)) return le32_to_cpu(p->p_idx[1].ei_block); } depth--; } return EXT_MAX_BLOCKS; } /* * ext4_ext_next_leaf_block: * returns first allocated block from next leaf or EXT_MAX_BLOCKS */ static ext4_lblk_t ext4_ext_next_leaf_block(struct ext4_ext_path *path) { int depth; BUG_ON(path == NULL); depth = path->p_depth; /* zero-tree has no leaf blocks at all */ if (depth == 0) return EXT_MAX_BLOCKS; /* go to index block */ depth--; while (depth >= 0) { if (path[depth].p_idx != EXT_LAST_INDEX(path[depth].p_hdr)) return (ext4_lblk_t) le32_to_cpu(path[depth].p_idx[1].ei_block); depth--; } return EXT_MAX_BLOCKS; } /* * ext4_ext_correct_indexes: * if leaf gets modified and modified extent is first in the leaf, * then we have to correct all indexes above. * TODO: do we need to correct tree in all cases? */ static int ext4_ext_correct_indexes(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path) { struct ext4_extent_header *eh; int depth = ext_depth(inode); struct ext4_extent *ex; __le32 border; int k, err = 0; eh = path[depth].p_hdr; ex = path[depth].p_ext; if (unlikely(ex == NULL || eh == NULL)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "ex %p == NULL or eh %p == NULL", ex, eh); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } if (depth == 0) { /* there is no tree at all */ return 0; } if (ex != EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh)) { /* we correct tree if first leaf got modified only */ return 0; } /* * TODO: we need correction if border is smaller than current one */ k = depth - 1; border = path[depth].p_ext->ee_block; err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + k); if (err) return err; path[k].p_idx->ei_block = border; err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + k); if (err) return err; while (k--) { /* change all left-side indexes */ if (path[k+1].p_idx != EXT_FIRST_INDEX(path[k+1].p_hdr)) break; err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + k); if (err) break; path[k].p_idx->ei_block = border; err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + k); if (err) break; } return err; } static int ext4_can_extents_be_merged(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent *ex1, struct ext4_extent *ex2) { unsigned short ext1_ee_len, ext2_ee_len; if (ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex1) != ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex2)) return 0; ext1_ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex1); ext2_ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex2); if (le32_to_cpu(ex1->ee_block) + ext1_ee_len != le32_to_cpu(ex2->ee_block)) return 0; if (ext1_ee_len + ext2_ee_len > EXT_INIT_MAX_LEN) return 0; if (ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex1) && ext1_ee_len + ext2_ee_len > EXT_UNWRITTEN_MAX_LEN) return 0; #ifdef AGGRESSIVE_TEST if (ext1_ee_len >= 4) return 0; #endif if (ext4_ext_pblock(ex1) + ext1_ee_len == ext4_ext_pblock(ex2)) return 1; return 0; } /* * This function tries to merge the "ex" extent to the next extent in the tree. * It always tries to merge towards right. If you want to merge towards * left, pass "ex - 1" as argument instead of "ex". * Returns 0 if the extents (ex and ex+1) were _not_ merged and returns * 1 if they got merged. */ static int ext4_ext_try_to_merge_right(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path, struct ext4_extent *ex) { struct ext4_extent_header *eh; unsigned int depth, len; int merge_done = 0, unwritten; depth = ext_depth(inode); BUG_ON(path[depth].p_hdr == NULL); eh = path[depth].p_hdr; while (ex < EXT_LAST_EXTENT(eh)) { if (!ext4_can_extents_be_merged(inode, ex, ex + 1)) break; /* merge with next extent! */ unwritten = ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex); ex->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex) + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex + 1)); if (unwritten) ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(ex); if (ex + 1 < EXT_LAST_EXTENT(eh)) { len = (EXT_LAST_EXTENT(eh) - ex - 1) * sizeof(struct ext4_extent); memmove(ex + 1, ex + 2, len); } le16_add_cpu(&eh->eh_entries, -1); merge_done = 1; WARN_ON(eh->eh_entries == 0); if (!eh->eh_entries) EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "eh->eh_entries = 0!"); } return merge_done; } /* * This function does a very simple check to see if we can collapse * an extent tree with a single extent tree leaf block into the inode. */ static void ext4_ext_try_to_merge_up(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path) { size_t s; unsigned max_root = ext4_ext_space_root(inode, 0); ext4_fsblk_t blk; if ((path[0].p_depth != 1) || (le16_to_cpu(path[0].p_hdr->eh_entries) != 1) || (le16_to_cpu(path[1].p_hdr->eh_entries) > max_root)) return; /* * We need to modify the block allocation bitmap and the block * group descriptor to release the extent tree block. If we * can't get the journal credits, give up. */ if (ext4_journal_extend(handle, 2, ext4_free_metadata_revoke_credits(inode->i_sb, 1))) return; /* * Copy the extent data up to the inode */ blk = ext4_idx_pblock(path[0].p_idx); s = le16_to_cpu(path[1].p_hdr->eh_entries) * sizeof(struct ext4_extent_idx); s += sizeof(struct ext4_extent_header); path[1].p_maxdepth = path[0].p_maxdepth; memcpy(path[0].p_hdr, path[1].p_hdr, s); path[0].p_depth = 0; path[0].p_ext = EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(path[0].p_hdr) + (path[1].p_ext - EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(path[1].p_hdr)); path[0].p_hdr->eh_max = cpu_to_le16(max_root); brelse(path[1].p_bh); ext4_free_blocks(handle, inode, NULL, blk, 1, EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_METADATA | EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_FORGET); } /* * This function tries to merge the @ex extent to neighbours in the tree, then * tries to collapse the extent tree into the inode. */ static void ext4_ext_try_to_merge(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path, struct ext4_extent *ex) { struct ext4_extent_header *eh; unsigned int depth; int merge_done = 0; depth = ext_depth(inode); BUG_ON(path[depth].p_hdr == NULL); eh = path[depth].p_hdr; if (ex > EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh)) merge_done = ext4_ext_try_to_merge_right(inode, path, ex - 1); if (!merge_done) (void) ext4_ext_try_to_merge_right(inode, path, ex); ext4_ext_try_to_merge_up(handle, inode, path); } /* * check if a portion of the "newext" extent overlaps with an * existing extent. * * If there is an overlap discovered, it updates the length of the newext * such that there will be no overlap, and then returns 1. * If there is no overlap found, it returns 0. */ static unsigned int ext4_ext_check_overlap(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent *newext, struct ext4_ext_path *path) { ext4_lblk_t b1, b2; unsigned int depth, len1; unsigned int ret = 0; b1 = le32_to_cpu(newext->ee_block); len1 = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(newext); depth = ext_depth(inode); if (!path[depth].p_ext) goto out; b2 = EXT4_LBLK_CMASK(sbi, le32_to_cpu(path[depth].p_ext->ee_block)); /* * get the next allocated block if the extent in the path * is before the requested block(s) */ if (b2 < b1) { b2 = ext4_ext_next_allocated_block(path); if (b2 == EXT_MAX_BLOCKS) goto out; b2 = EXT4_LBLK_CMASK(sbi, b2); } /* check for wrap through zero on extent logical start block*/ if (b1 + len1 < b1) { len1 = EXT_MAX_BLOCKS - b1; newext->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(len1); ret = 1; } /* check for overlap */ if (b1 + len1 > b2) { newext->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(b2 - b1); ret = 1; } out: return ret; } /* * ext4_ext_insert_extent: * tries to merge requested extent into the existing extent or * inserts requested extent as new one into the tree, * creating new leaf in the no-space case. */ int ext4_ext_insert_extent(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path **ppath, struct ext4_extent *newext, int gb_flags) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = *ppath; struct ext4_extent_header *eh; struct ext4_extent *ex, *fex; struct ext4_extent *nearex; /* nearest extent */ struct ext4_ext_path *npath = NULL; int depth, len, err; ext4_lblk_t next; int mb_flags = 0, unwritten; if (gb_flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_DELALLOC_RESERVE) mb_flags |= EXT4_MB_DELALLOC_RESERVED; if (unlikely(ext4_ext_get_actual_len(newext) == 0)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "ext4_ext_get_actual_len(newext) == 0"); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } depth = ext_depth(inode); ex = path[depth].p_ext; eh = path[depth].p_hdr; if (unlikely(path[depth].p_hdr == NULL)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "path[%d].p_hdr == NULL", depth); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } /* try to insert block into found extent and return */ if (ex && !(gb_flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO)) { /* * Try to see whether we should rather test the extent on * right from ex, or from the left of ex. This is because * ext4_find_extent() can return either extent on the * left, or on the right from the searched position. This * will make merging more effective. */ if (ex < EXT_LAST_EXTENT(eh) && (le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex) < le32_to_cpu(newext->ee_block))) { ex += 1; goto prepend; } else if ((ex > EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh)) && (le32_to_cpu(newext->ee_block) + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(newext) < le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block))) ex -= 1; /* Try to append newex to the ex */ if (ext4_can_extents_be_merged(inode, ex, newext)) { ext_debug(inode, "append [%d]%d block to %u:[%d]%d" "(from %llu)\n", ext4_ext_is_unwritten(newext), ext4_ext_get_actual_len(newext), le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block), ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex), ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex), ext4_ext_pblock(ex)); err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) return err; unwritten = ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex); ex->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex) + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(newext)); if (unwritten) ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(ex); eh = path[depth].p_hdr; nearex = ex; goto merge; } prepend: /* Try to prepend newex to the ex */ if (ext4_can_extents_be_merged(inode, newext, ex)) { ext_debug(inode, "prepend %u[%d]%d block to %u:[%d]%d" "(from %llu)\n", le32_to_cpu(newext->ee_block), ext4_ext_is_unwritten(newext), ext4_ext_get_actual_len(newext), le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block), ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex), ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex), ext4_ext_pblock(ex)); err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) return err; unwritten = ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex); ex->ee_block = newext->ee_block; ext4_ext_store_pblock(ex, ext4_ext_pblock(newext)); ex->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex) + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(newext)); if (unwritten) ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(ex); eh = path[depth].p_hdr; nearex = ex; goto merge; } } depth = ext_depth(inode); eh = path[depth].p_hdr; if (le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_entries) < le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_max)) goto has_space; /* probably next leaf has space for us? */ fex = EXT_LAST_EXTENT(eh); next = EXT_MAX_BLOCKS; if (le32_to_cpu(newext->ee_block) > le32_to_cpu(fex->ee_block)) next = ext4_ext_next_leaf_block(path); if (next != EXT_MAX_BLOCKS) { ext_debug(inode, "next leaf block - %u\n", next); BUG_ON(npath != NULL); npath = ext4_find_extent(inode, next, NULL, gb_flags); if (IS_ERR(npath)) return PTR_ERR(npath); BUG_ON(npath->p_depth != path->p_depth); eh = npath[depth].p_hdr; if (le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_entries) < le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_max)) { ext_debug(inode, "next leaf isn't full(%d)\n", le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_entries)); path = npath; goto has_space; } ext_debug(inode, "next leaf has no free space(%d,%d)\n", le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_entries), le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_max)); } /* * There is no free space in the found leaf. * We're gonna add a new leaf in the tree. */ if (gb_flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_METADATA_NOFAIL) mb_flags |= EXT4_MB_USE_RESERVED; err = ext4_ext_create_new_leaf(handle, inode, mb_flags, gb_flags, ppath, newext); if (err) goto cleanup; depth = ext_depth(inode); eh = path[depth].p_hdr; has_space: nearex = path[depth].p_ext; err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto cleanup; if (!nearex) { /* there is no extent in this leaf, create first one */ ext_debug(inode, "first extent in the leaf: %u:%llu:[%d]%d\n", le32_to_cpu(newext->ee_block), ext4_ext_pblock(newext), ext4_ext_is_unwritten(newext), ext4_ext_get_actual_len(newext)); nearex = EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh); } else { if (le32_to_cpu(newext->ee_block) > le32_to_cpu(nearex->ee_block)) { /* Insert after */ ext_debug(inode, "insert %u:%llu:[%d]%d before: " "nearest %p\n", le32_to_cpu(newext->ee_block), ext4_ext_pblock(newext), ext4_ext_is_unwritten(newext), ext4_ext_get_actual_len(newext), nearex); nearex++; } else { /* Insert before */ BUG_ON(newext->ee_block == nearex->ee_block); ext_debug(inode, "insert %u:%llu:[%d]%d after: " "nearest %p\n", le32_to_cpu(newext->ee_block), ext4_ext_pblock(newext), ext4_ext_is_unwritten(newext), ext4_ext_get_actual_len(newext), nearex); } len = EXT_LAST_EXTENT(eh) - nearex + 1; if (len > 0) { ext_debug(inode, "insert %u:%llu:[%d]%d: " "move %d extents from 0x%p to 0x%p\n", le32_to_cpu(newext->ee_block), ext4_ext_pblock(newext), ext4_ext_is_unwritten(newext), ext4_ext_get_actual_len(newext), len, nearex, nearex + 1); memmove(nearex + 1, nearex, len * sizeof(struct ext4_extent)); } } le16_add_cpu(&eh->eh_entries, 1); path[depth].p_ext = nearex; nearex->ee_block = newext->ee_block; ext4_ext_store_pblock(nearex, ext4_ext_pblock(newext)); nearex->ee_len = newext->ee_len; merge: /* try to merge extents */ if (!(gb_flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO)) ext4_ext_try_to_merge(handle, inode, path, nearex); /* time to correct all indexes above */ err = ext4_ext_correct_indexes(handle, inode, path); if (err) goto cleanup; err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + path->p_depth); cleanup: ext4_ext_drop_refs(npath); kfree(npath); return err; } static int ext4_fill_es_cache_info(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t block, ext4_lblk_t num, struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo) { ext4_lblk_t next, end = block + num - 1; struct extent_status es; unsigned char blksize_bits = inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits; unsigned int flags; int err; while (block <= end) { next = 0; flags = 0; if (!ext4_es_lookup_extent(inode, block, &next, &es)) break; if (ext4_es_is_unwritten(&es)) flags |= FIEMAP_EXTENT_UNWRITTEN; if (ext4_es_is_delayed(&es)) flags |= (FIEMAP_EXTENT_DELALLOC | FIEMAP_EXTENT_UNKNOWN); if (ext4_es_is_hole(&es)) flags |= EXT4_FIEMAP_EXTENT_HOLE; if (next == 0) flags |= FIEMAP_EXTENT_LAST; if (flags & (FIEMAP_EXTENT_DELALLOC| EXT4_FIEMAP_EXTENT_HOLE)) es.es_pblk = 0; else es.es_pblk = ext4_es_pblock(&es); err = fiemap_fill_next_extent(fieinfo, (__u64)es.es_lblk << blksize_bits, (__u64)es.es_pblk << blksize_bits, (__u64)es.es_len << blksize_bits, flags); if (next == 0) break; block = next; if (err < 0) return err; if (err == 1) return 0; } return 0; } /* * ext4_ext_determine_hole - determine hole around given block * @inode: inode we lookup in * @path: path in extent tree to @lblk * @lblk: pointer to logical block around which we want to determine hole * * Determine hole length (and start if easily possible) around given logical * block. We don't try too hard to find the beginning of the hole but @path * actually points to extent before @lblk, we provide it. * * The function returns the length of a hole starting at @lblk. We update @lblk * to the beginning of the hole if we managed to find it. */ static ext4_lblk_t ext4_ext_determine_hole(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path, ext4_lblk_t *lblk) { int depth = ext_depth(inode); struct ext4_extent *ex; ext4_lblk_t len; ex = path[depth].p_ext; if (ex == NULL) { /* there is no extent yet, so gap is [0;-] */ *lblk = 0; len = EXT_MAX_BLOCKS; } else if (*lblk < le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block)) { len = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) - *lblk; } else if (*lblk >= le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex)) { ext4_lblk_t next; *lblk = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); next = ext4_ext_next_allocated_block(path); BUG_ON(next == *lblk); len = next - *lblk; } else { BUG(); } return len; } /* * ext4_ext_put_gap_in_cache: * calculate boundaries of the gap that the requested block fits into * and cache this gap */ static void ext4_ext_put_gap_in_cache(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t hole_start, ext4_lblk_t hole_len) { struct extent_status es; ext4_es_find_extent_range(inode, &ext4_es_is_delayed, hole_start, hole_start + hole_len - 1, &es); if (es.es_len) { /* There's delayed extent containing lblock? */ if (es.es_lblk <= hole_start) return; hole_len = min(es.es_lblk - hole_start, hole_len); } ext_debug(inode, " -> %u:%u\n", hole_start, hole_len); ext4_es_insert_extent(inode, hole_start, hole_len, ~0, EXTENT_STATUS_HOLE); } /* * ext4_ext_rm_idx: * removes index from the index block. */ static int ext4_ext_rm_idx(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path, int depth) { int err; ext4_fsblk_t leaf; /* free index block */ depth--; path = path + depth; leaf = ext4_idx_pblock(path->p_idx); if (unlikely(path->p_hdr->eh_entries == 0)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "path->p_hdr->eh_entries == 0"); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path); if (err) return err; if (path->p_idx != EXT_LAST_INDEX(path->p_hdr)) { int len = EXT_LAST_INDEX(path->p_hdr) - path->p_idx; len *= sizeof(struct ext4_extent_idx); memmove(path->p_idx, path->p_idx + 1, len); } le16_add_cpu(&path->p_hdr->eh_entries, -1); err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path); if (err) return err; ext_debug(inode, "index is empty, remove it, free block %llu\n", leaf); trace_ext4_ext_rm_idx(inode, leaf); ext4_free_blocks(handle, inode, NULL, leaf, 1, EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_METADATA | EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_FORGET); while (--depth >= 0) { if (path->p_idx != EXT_FIRST_INDEX(path->p_hdr)) break; path--; err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path); if (err) break; path->p_idx->ei_block = (path+1)->p_idx->ei_block; err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path); if (err) break; } return err; } /* * ext4_ext_calc_credits_for_single_extent: * This routine returns max. credits that needed to insert an extent * to the extent tree. * When pass the actual path, the caller should calculate credits * under i_data_sem. */ int ext4_ext_calc_credits_for_single_extent(struct inode *inode, int nrblocks, struct ext4_ext_path *path) { if (path) { int depth = ext_depth(inode); int ret = 0; /* probably there is space in leaf? */ if (le16_to_cpu(path[depth].p_hdr->eh_entries) < le16_to_cpu(path[depth].p_hdr->eh_max)) { /* * There are some space in the leaf tree, no * need to account for leaf block credit * * bitmaps and block group descriptor blocks * and other metadata blocks still need to be * accounted. */ /* 1 bitmap, 1 block group descriptor */ ret = 2 + EXT4_META_TRANS_BLOCKS(inode->i_sb); return ret; } } return ext4_chunk_trans_blocks(inode, nrblocks); } /* * How many index/leaf blocks need to change/allocate to add @extents extents? * * If we add a single extent, then in the worse case, each tree level * index/leaf need to be changed in case of the tree split. * * If more extents are inserted, they could cause the whole tree split more * than once, but this is really rare. */ int ext4_ext_index_trans_blocks(struct inode *inode, int extents) { int index; int depth; /* If we are converting the inline data, only one is needed here. */ if (ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) return 1; depth = ext_depth(inode); if (extents <= 1) index = depth * 2; else index = depth * 3; return index; } static inline int get_default_free_blocks_flags(struct inode *inode) { if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode) || S_ISLNK(inode->i_mode) || ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EA_INODE)) return EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_METADATA | EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_FORGET; else if (ext4_should_journal_data(inode)) return EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_FORGET; return 0; } /* * ext4_rereserve_cluster - increment the reserved cluster count when * freeing a cluster with a pending reservation * * @inode - file containing the cluster * @lblk - logical block in cluster to be reserved * * Increments the reserved cluster count and adjusts quota in a bigalloc * file system when freeing a partial cluster containing at least one * delayed and unwritten block. A partial cluster meeting that * requirement will have a pending reservation. If so, the * RERESERVE_CLUSTER flag is used when calling ext4_free_blocks() to * defer reserved and allocated space accounting to a subsequent call * to this function. */ static void ext4_rereserve_cluster(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); dquot_reclaim_block(inode, EXT4_C2B(sbi, 1)); spin_lock(&ei->i_block_reservation_lock); ei->i_reserved_data_blocks++; percpu_counter_add(&sbi->s_dirtyclusters_counter, 1); spin_unlock(&ei->i_block_reservation_lock); percpu_counter_add(&sbi->s_freeclusters_counter, 1); ext4_remove_pending(inode, lblk); } static int ext4_remove_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent *ex, struct partial_cluster *partial, ext4_lblk_t from, ext4_lblk_t to) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); unsigned short ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); ext4_fsblk_t last_pblk, pblk; ext4_lblk_t num; int flags; /* only extent tail removal is allowed */ if (from < le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) || to != le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) + ee_len - 1) { ext4_error(sbi->s_sb, "strange request: removal(2) %u-%u from %u:%u", from, to, le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block), ee_len); return 0; } #ifdef EXTENTS_STATS spin_lock(&sbi->s_ext_stats_lock); sbi->s_ext_blocks += ee_len; sbi->s_ext_extents++; if (ee_len < sbi->s_ext_min) sbi->s_ext_min = ee_len; if (ee_len > sbi->s_ext_max) sbi->s_ext_max = ee_len; if (ext_depth(inode) > sbi->s_depth_max) sbi->s_depth_max = ext_depth(inode); spin_unlock(&sbi->s_ext_stats_lock); #endif trace_ext4_remove_blocks(inode, ex, from, to, partial); /* * if we have a partial cluster, and it's different from the * cluster of the last block in the extent, we free it */ last_pblk = ext4_ext_pblock(ex) + ee_len - 1; if (partial->state != initial && partial->pclu != EXT4_B2C(sbi, last_pblk)) { if (partial->state == tofree) { flags = get_default_free_blocks_flags(inode); if (ext4_is_pending(inode, partial->lblk)) flags |= EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_RERESERVE_CLUSTER; ext4_free_blocks(handle, inode, NULL, EXT4_C2B(sbi, partial->pclu), sbi->s_cluster_ratio, flags); if (flags & EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_RERESERVE_CLUSTER) ext4_rereserve_cluster(inode, partial->lblk); } partial->state = initial; } num = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) + ee_len - from; pblk = ext4_ext_pblock(ex) + ee_len - num; /* * We free the partial cluster at the end of the extent (if any), * unless the cluster is used by another extent (partial_cluster * state is nofree). If a partial cluster exists here, it must be * shared with the last block in the extent. */ flags = get_default_free_blocks_flags(inode); /* partial, left end cluster aligned, right end unaligned */ if ((EXT4_LBLK_COFF(sbi, to) != sbi->s_cluster_ratio - 1) && (EXT4_LBLK_CMASK(sbi, to) >= from) && (partial->state != nofree)) { if (ext4_is_pending(inode, to)) flags |= EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_RERESERVE_CLUSTER; ext4_free_blocks(handle, inode, NULL, EXT4_PBLK_CMASK(sbi, last_pblk), sbi->s_cluster_ratio, flags); if (flags & EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_RERESERVE_CLUSTER) ext4_rereserve_cluster(inode, to); partial->state = initial; flags = get_default_free_blocks_flags(inode); } flags |= EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_NOFREE_LAST_CLUSTER; /* * For bigalloc file systems, we never free a partial cluster * at the beginning of the extent. Instead, we check to see if we * need to free it on a subsequent call to ext4_remove_blocks, * or at the end of ext4_ext_rm_leaf or ext4_ext_remove_space. */ flags |= EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_NOFREE_FIRST_CLUSTER; ext4_free_blocks(handle, inode, NULL, pblk, num, flags); /* reset the partial cluster if we've freed past it */ if (partial->state != initial && partial->pclu != EXT4_B2C(sbi, pblk)) partial->state = initial; /* * If we've freed the entire extent but the beginning is not left * cluster aligned and is not marked as ineligible for freeing we * record the partial cluster at the beginning of the extent. It * wasn't freed by the preceding ext4_free_blocks() call, and we * need to look farther to the left to determine if it's to be freed * (not shared with another extent). Else, reset the partial * cluster - we're either done freeing or the beginning of the * extent is left cluster aligned. */ if (EXT4_LBLK_COFF(sbi, from) && num == ee_len) { if (partial->state == initial) { partial->pclu = EXT4_B2C(sbi, pblk); partial->lblk = from; partial->state = tofree; } } else { partial->state = initial; } return 0; } /* * ext4_ext_rm_leaf() Removes the extents associated with the * blocks appearing between "start" and "end". Both "start" * and "end" must appear in the same extent or EIO is returned. * * @handle: The journal handle * @inode: The files inode * @path: The path to the leaf * @partial_cluster: The cluster which we'll have to free if all extents * has been released from it. However, if this value is * negative, it's a cluster just to the right of the * punched region and it must not be freed. * @start: The first block to remove * @end: The last block to remove */ static int ext4_ext_rm_leaf(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path, struct partial_cluster *partial, ext4_lblk_t start, ext4_lblk_t end) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); int err = 0, correct_index = 0; int depth = ext_depth(inode), credits, revoke_credits; struct ext4_extent_header *eh; ext4_lblk_t a, b; unsigned num; ext4_lblk_t ex_ee_block; unsigned short ex_ee_len; unsigned unwritten = 0; struct ext4_extent *ex; ext4_fsblk_t pblk; /* the header must be checked already in ext4_ext_remove_space() */ ext_debug(inode, "truncate since %u in leaf to %u\n", start, end); if (!path[depth].p_hdr) path[depth].p_hdr = ext_block_hdr(path[depth].p_bh); eh = path[depth].p_hdr; if (unlikely(path[depth].p_hdr == NULL)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "path[%d].p_hdr == NULL", depth); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } /* find where to start removing */ ex = path[depth].p_ext; if (!ex) ex = EXT_LAST_EXTENT(eh); ex_ee_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); ex_ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); trace_ext4_ext_rm_leaf(inode, start, ex, partial); while (ex >= EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh) && ex_ee_block + ex_ee_len > start) { if (ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex)) unwritten = 1; else unwritten = 0; ext_debug(inode, "remove ext %u:[%d]%d\n", ex_ee_block, unwritten, ex_ee_len); path[depth].p_ext = ex; a = ex_ee_block > start ? ex_ee_block : start; b = ex_ee_block+ex_ee_len - 1 < end ? ex_ee_block+ex_ee_len - 1 : end; ext_debug(inode, " border %u:%u\n", a, b); /* If this extent is beyond the end of the hole, skip it */ if (end < ex_ee_block) { /* * We're going to skip this extent and move to another, * so note that its first cluster is in use to avoid * freeing it when removing blocks. Eventually, the * right edge of the truncated/punched region will * be just to the left. */ if (sbi->s_cluster_ratio > 1) { pblk = ext4_ext_pblock(ex); partial->pclu = EXT4_B2C(sbi, pblk); partial->state = nofree; } ex--; ex_ee_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); ex_ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); continue; } else if (b != ex_ee_block + ex_ee_len - 1) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "can not handle truncate %u:%u " "on extent %u:%u", start, end, ex_ee_block, ex_ee_block + ex_ee_len - 1); err = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto out; } else if (a != ex_ee_block) { /* remove tail of the extent */ num = a - ex_ee_block; } else { /* remove whole extent: excellent! */ num = 0; } /* * 3 for leaf, sb, and inode plus 2 (bmap and group * descriptor) for each block group; assume two block * groups plus ex_ee_len/blocks_per_block_group for * the worst case */ credits = 7 + 2*(ex_ee_len/EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(inode->i_sb)); if (ex == EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh)) { correct_index = 1; credits += (ext_depth(inode)) + 1; } credits += EXT4_MAXQUOTAS_TRANS_BLOCKS(inode->i_sb); /* * We may end up freeing some index blocks and data from the * punched range. Note that partial clusters are accounted for * by ext4_free_data_revoke_credits(). */ revoke_credits = ext4_free_metadata_revoke_credits(inode->i_sb, ext_depth(inode)) + ext4_free_data_revoke_credits(inode, b - a + 1); err = ext4_datasem_ensure_credits(handle, inode, credits, credits, revoke_credits); if (err) { if (err > 0) err = -EAGAIN; goto out; } err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto out; err = ext4_remove_blocks(handle, inode, ex, partial, a, b); if (err) goto out; if (num == 0) /* this extent is removed; mark slot entirely unused */ ext4_ext_store_pblock(ex, 0); ex->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(num); /* * Do not mark unwritten if all the blocks in the * extent have been removed. */ if (unwritten && num) ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(ex); /* * If the extent was completely released, * we need to remove it from the leaf */ if (num == 0) { if (end != EXT_MAX_BLOCKS - 1) { /* * For hole punching, we need to scoot all the * extents up when an extent is removed so that * we dont have blank extents in the middle */ memmove(ex, ex+1, (EXT_LAST_EXTENT(eh) - ex) * sizeof(struct ext4_extent)); /* Now get rid of the one at the end */ memset(EXT_LAST_EXTENT(eh), 0, sizeof(struct ext4_extent)); } le16_add_cpu(&eh->eh_entries, -1); } err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto out; ext_debug(inode, "new extent: %u:%u:%llu\n", ex_ee_block, num, ext4_ext_pblock(ex)); ex--; ex_ee_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); ex_ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); } if (correct_index && eh->eh_entries) err = ext4_ext_correct_indexes(handle, inode, path); /* * If there's a partial cluster and at least one extent remains in * the leaf, free the partial cluster if it isn't shared with the * current extent. If it is shared with the current extent * we reset the partial cluster because we've reached the start of the * truncated/punched region and we're done removing blocks. */ if (partial->state == tofree && ex >= EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh)) { pblk = ext4_ext_pblock(ex) + ex_ee_len - 1; if (partial->pclu != EXT4_B2C(sbi, pblk)) { int flags = get_default_free_blocks_flags(inode); if (ext4_is_pending(inode, partial->lblk)) flags |= EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_RERESERVE_CLUSTER; ext4_free_blocks(handle, inode, NULL, EXT4_C2B(sbi, partial->pclu), sbi->s_cluster_ratio, flags); if (flags & EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_RERESERVE_CLUSTER) ext4_rereserve_cluster(inode, partial->lblk); } partial->state = initial; } /* if this leaf is free, then we should * remove it from index block above */ if (err == 0 && eh->eh_entries == 0 && path[depth].p_bh != NULL) err = ext4_ext_rm_idx(handle, inode, path, depth); out: return err; } /* * ext4_ext_more_to_rm: * returns 1 if current index has to be freed (even partial) */ static int ext4_ext_more_to_rm(struct ext4_ext_path *path) { BUG_ON(path->p_idx == NULL); if (path->p_idx < EXT_FIRST_INDEX(path->p_hdr)) return 0; /* * if truncate on deeper level happened, it wasn't partial, * so we have to consider current index for truncation */ if (le16_to_cpu(path->p_hdr->eh_entries) == path->p_block) return 0; return 1; } int ext4_ext_remove_space(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t start, ext4_lblk_t end) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); int depth = ext_depth(inode); struct ext4_ext_path *path = NULL; struct partial_cluster partial; handle_t *handle; int i = 0, err = 0; partial.pclu = 0; partial.lblk = 0; partial.state = initial; ext_debug(inode, "truncate since %u to %u\n", start, end); /* probably first extent we're gonna free will be last in block */ handle = ext4_journal_start_with_revoke(inode, EXT4_HT_TRUNCATE, depth + 1, ext4_free_metadata_revoke_credits(inode->i_sb, depth)); if (IS_ERR(handle)) return PTR_ERR(handle); again: trace_ext4_ext_remove_space(inode, start, end, depth); /* * Check if we are removing extents inside the extent tree. If that * is the case, we are going to punch a hole inside the extent tree * so we have to check whether we need to split the extent covering * the last block to remove so we can easily remove the part of it * in ext4_ext_rm_leaf(). */ if (end < EXT_MAX_BLOCKS - 1) { struct ext4_extent *ex; ext4_lblk_t ee_block, ex_end, lblk; ext4_fsblk_t pblk; /* find extent for or closest extent to this block */ path = ext4_find_extent(inode, end, NULL, EXT4_EX_NOCACHE | EXT4_EX_NOFAIL); if (IS_ERR(path)) { ext4_journal_stop(handle); return PTR_ERR(path); } depth = ext_depth(inode); /* Leaf not may not exist only if inode has no blocks at all */ ex = path[depth].p_ext; if (!ex) { if (depth) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "path[%d].p_hdr == NULL", depth); err = -EFSCORRUPTED; } goto out; } ee_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); ex_end = ee_block + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex) - 1; /* * See if the last block is inside the extent, if so split * the extent at 'end' block so we can easily remove the * tail of the first part of the split extent in * ext4_ext_rm_leaf(). */ if (end >= ee_block && end < ex_end) { /* * If we're going to split the extent, note that * the cluster containing the block after 'end' is * in use to avoid freeing it when removing blocks. */ if (sbi->s_cluster_ratio > 1) { pblk = ext4_ext_pblock(ex) + end - ee_block + 1; partial.pclu = EXT4_B2C(sbi, pblk); partial.state = nofree; } /* * Split the extent in two so that 'end' is the last * block in the first new extent. Also we should not * fail removing space due to ENOSPC so try to use * reserved block if that happens. */ err = ext4_force_split_extent_at(handle, inode, &path, end + 1, 1); if (err < 0) goto out; } else if (sbi->s_cluster_ratio > 1 && end >= ex_end && partial.state == initial) { /* * If we're punching, there's an extent to the right. * If the partial cluster hasn't been set, set it to * that extent's first cluster and its state to nofree * so it won't be freed should it contain blocks to be * removed. If it's already set (tofree/nofree), we're * retrying and keep the original partial cluster info * so a cluster marked tofree as a result of earlier * extent removal is not lost. */ lblk = ex_end + 1; err = ext4_ext_search_right(inode, path, &lblk, &pblk, NULL); if (err < 0) goto out; if (pblk) { partial.pclu = EXT4_B2C(sbi, pblk); partial.state = nofree; } } } /* * We start scanning from right side, freeing all the blocks * after i_size and walking into the tree depth-wise. */ depth = ext_depth(inode); if (path) { int k = i = depth; while (--k > 0) path[k].p_block = le16_to_cpu(path[k].p_hdr->eh_entries)+1; } else { path = kcalloc(depth + 1, sizeof(struct ext4_ext_path), GFP_NOFS | __GFP_NOFAIL); if (path == NULL) { ext4_journal_stop(handle); return -ENOMEM; } path[0].p_maxdepth = path[0].p_depth = depth; path[0].p_hdr = ext_inode_hdr(inode); i = 0; if (ext4_ext_check(inode, path[0].p_hdr, depth, 0)) { err = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto out; } } err = 0; while (i >= 0 && err == 0) { if (i == depth) { /* this is leaf block */ err = ext4_ext_rm_leaf(handle, inode, path, &partial, start, end); /* root level has p_bh == NULL, brelse() eats this */ brelse(path[i].p_bh); path[i].p_bh = NULL; i--; continue; } /* this is index block */ if (!path[i].p_hdr) { ext_debug(inode, "initialize header\n"); path[i].p_hdr = ext_block_hdr(path[i].p_bh); } if (!path[i].p_idx) { /* this level hasn't been touched yet */ path[i].p_idx = EXT_LAST_INDEX(path[i].p_hdr); path[i].p_block = le16_to_cpu(path[i].p_hdr->eh_entries)+1; ext_debug(inode, "init index ptr: hdr 0x%p, num %d\n", path[i].p_hdr, le16_to_cpu(path[i].p_hdr->eh_entries)); } else { /* we were already here, see at next index */ path[i].p_idx--; } ext_debug(inode, "level %d - index, first 0x%p, cur 0x%p\n", i, EXT_FIRST_INDEX(path[i].p_hdr), path[i].p_idx); if (ext4_ext_more_to_rm(path + i)) { struct buffer_head *bh; /* go to the next level */ ext_debug(inode, "move to level %d (block %llu)\n", i + 1, ext4_idx_pblock(path[i].p_idx)); memset(path + i + 1, 0, sizeof(*path)); bh = read_extent_tree_block(inode, path[i].p_idx, depth - i - 1, EXT4_EX_NOCACHE); if (IS_ERR(bh)) { /* should we reset i_size? */ err = PTR_ERR(bh); break; } /* Yield here to deal with large extent trees. * Should be a no-op if we did IO above. */ cond_resched(); if (WARN_ON(i + 1 > depth)) { err = -EFSCORRUPTED; break; } path[i + 1].p_bh = bh; /* save actual number of indexes since this * number is changed at the next iteration */ path[i].p_block = le16_to_cpu(path[i].p_hdr->eh_entries); i++; } else { /* we finished processing this index, go up */ if (path[i].p_hdr->eh_entries == 0 && i > 0) { /* index is empty, remove it; * handle must be already prepared by the * truncatei_leaf() */ err = ext4_ext_rm_idx(handle, inode, path, i); } /* root level has p_bh == NULL, brelse() eats this */ brelse(path[i].p_bh); path[i].p_bh = NULL; i--; ext_debug(inode, "return to level %d\n", i); } } trace_ext4_ext_remove_space_done(inode, start, end, depth, &partial, path->p_hdr->eh_entries); /* * if there's a partial cluster and we have removed the first extent * in the file, then we also free the partial cluster, if any */ if (partial.state == tofree && err == 0) { int flags = get_default_free_blocks_flags(inode); if (ext4_is_pending(inode, partial.lblk)) flags |= EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_RERESERVE_CLUSTER; ext4_free_blocks(handle, inode, NULL, EXT4_C2B(sbi, partial.pclu), sbi->s_cluster_ratio, flags); if (flags & EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_RERESERVE_CLUSTER) ext4_rereserve_cluster(inode, partial.lblk); partial.state = initial; } /* TODO: flexible tree reduction should be here */ if (path->p_hdr->eh_entries == 0) { /* * truncate to zero freed all the tree, * so we need to correct eh_depth */ err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path); if (err == 0) { ext_inode_hdr(inode)->eh_depth = 0; ext_inode_hdr(inode)->eh_max = cpu_to_le16(ext4_ext_space_root(inode, 0)); err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path); } } out: ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); path = NULL; if (err == -EAGAIN) goto again; ext4_journal_stop(handle); return err; } /* * called at mount time */ void ext4_ext_init(struct super_block *sb) { /* * possible initialization would be here */ if (ext4_has_feature_extents(sb)) { #if defined(AGGRESSIVE_TEST) || defined(CHECK_BINSEARCH) || defined(EXTENTS_STATS) printk(KERN_INFO "EXT4-fs: file extents enabled" #ifdef AGGRESSIVE_TEST ", aggressive tests" #endif #ifdef CHECK_BINSEARCH ", check binsearch" #endif #ifdef EXTENTS_STATS ", stats" #endif "\n"); #endif #ifdef EXTENTS_STATS spin_lock_init(&EXT4_SB(sb)->s_ext_stats_lock); EXT4_SB(sb)->s_ext_min = 1 << 30; EXT4_SB(sb)->s_ext_max = 0; #endif } } /* * called at umount time */ void ext4_ext_release(struct super_block *sb) { if (!ext4_has_feature_extents(sb)) return; #ifdef EXTENTS_STATS if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_ext_blocks && EXT4_SB(sb)->s_ext_extents) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); printk(KERN_ERR "EXT4-fs: %lu blocks in %lu extents (%lu ave)\n", sbi->s_ext_blocks, sbi->s_ext_extents, sbi->s_ext_blocks / sbi->s_ext_extents); printk(KERN_ERR "EXT4-fs: extents: %lu min, %lu max, max depth %lu\n", sbi->s_ext_min, sbi->s_ext_max, sbi->s_depth_max); } #endif } static int ext4_zeroout_es(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent *ex) { ext4_lblk_t ee_block; ext4_fsblk_t ee_pblock; unsigned int ee_len; ee_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); ee_pblock = ext4_ext_pblock(ex); if (ee_len == 0) return 0; return ext4_es_insert_extent(inode, ee_block, ee_len, ee_pblock, EXTENT_STATUS_WRITTEN); } /* FIXME!! we need to try to merge to left or right after zero-out */ static int ext4_ext_zeroout(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent *ex) { ext4_fsblk_t ee_pblock; unsigned int ee_len; ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); ee_pblock = ext4_ext_pblock(ex); return ext4_issue_zeroout(inode, le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block), ee_pblock, ee_len); } /* * ext4_split_extent_at() splits an extent at given block. * * @handle: the journal handle * @inode: the file inode * @path: the path to the extent * @split: the logical block where the extent is splitted. * @split_flags: indicates if the extent could be zeroout if split fails, and * the states(init or unwritten) of new extents. * @flags: flags used to insert new extent to extent tree. * * * Splits extent [a, b] into two extents [a, @split) and [@split, b], states * of which are determined by split_flag. * * There are two cases: * a> the extent are splitted into two extent. * b> split is not needed, and just mark the extent. * * return 0 on success. */ static int ext4_split_extent_at(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path **ppath, ext4_lblk_t split, int split_flag, int flags) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = *ppath; ext4_fsblk_t newblock; ext4_lblk_t ee_block; struct ext4_extent *ex, newex, orig_ex, zero_ex; struct ext4_extent *ex2 = NULL; unsigned int ee_len, depth; int err = 0; BUG_ON((split_flag & (EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID1 | EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID2)) == (EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID1 | EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID2)); ext_debug(inode, "logical block %llu\n", (unsigned long long)split); ext4_ext_show_leaf(inode, path); depth = ext_depth(inode); ex = path[depth].p_ext; ee_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); newblock = split - ee_block + ext4_ext_pblock(ex); BUG_ON(split < ee_block || split >= (ee_block + ee_len)); BUG_ON(!ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex) && split_flag & (EXT4_EXT_MAY_ZEROOUT | EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT1 | EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT2)); err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto out; if (split == ee_block) { /* * case b: block @split is the block that the extent begins with * then we just change the state of the extent, and splitting * is not needed. */ if (split_flag & EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT2) ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(ex); else ext4_ext_mark_initialized(ex); if (!(flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO)) ext4_ext_try_to_merge(handle, inode, path, ex); err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + path->p_depth); goto out; } /* case a */ memcpy(&orig_ex, ex, sizeof(orig_ex)); ex->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(split - ee_block); if (split_flag & EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT1) ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(ex); /* * path may lead to new leaf, not to original leaf any more * after ext4_ext_insert_extent() returns, */ err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto fix_extent_len; ex2 = &newex; ex2->ee_block = cpu_to_le32(split); ex2->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(ee_len - (split - ee_block)); ext4_ext_store_pblock(ex2, newblock); if (split_flag & EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT2) ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(ex2); err = ext4_ext_insert_extent(handle, inode, ppath, &newex, flags); if (err != -ENOSPC && err != -EDQUOT) goto out; if (EXT4_EXT_MAY_ZEROOUT & split_flag) { if (split_flag & (EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID1|EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID2)) { if (split_flag & EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID1) { err = ext4_ext_zeroout(inode, ex2); zero_ex.ee_block = ex2->ee_block; zero_ex.ee_len = cpu_to_le16( ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex2)); ext4_ext_store_pblock(&zero_ex, ext4_ext_pblock(ex2)); } else { err = ext4_ext_zeroout(inode, ex); zero_ex.ee_block = ex->ee_block; zero_ex.ee_len = cpu_to_le16( ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex)); ext4_ext_store_pblock(&zero_ex, ext4_ext_pblock(ex)); } } else { err = ext4_ext_zeroout(inode, &orig_ex); zero_ex.ee_block = orig_ex.ee_block; zero_ex.ee_len = cpu_to_le16( ext4_ext_get_actual_len(&orig_ex)); ext4_ext_store_pblock(&zero_ex, ext4_ext_pblock(&orig_ex)); } if (!err) { /* update the extent length and mark as initialized */ ex->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(ee_len); ext4_ext_try_to_merge(handle, inode, path, ex); err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + path->p_depth); if (!err) /* update extent status tree */ err = ext4_zeroout_es(inode, &zero_ex); /* If we failed at this point, we don't know in which * state the extent tree exactly is so don't try to fix * length of the original extent as it may do even more * damage. */ goto out; } } fix_extent_len: ex->ee_len = orig_ex.ee_len; /* * Ignore ext4_ext_dirty return value since we are already in error path * and err is a non-zero error code. */ ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + path->p_depth); return err; out: ext4_ext_show_leaf(inode, path); return err; } /* * ext4_split_extents() splits an extent and mark extent which is covered * by @map as split_flags indicates * * It may result in splitting the extent into multiple extents (up to three) * There are three possibilities: * a> There is no split required * b> Splits in two extents: Split is happening at either end of the extent * c> Splits in three extents: Somone is splitting in middle of the extent * */ static int ext4_split_extent(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path **ppath, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, int split_flag, int flags) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = *ppath; ext4_lblk_t ee_block; struct ext4_extent *ex; unsigned int ee_len, depth; int err = 0; int unwritten; int split_flag1, flags1; int allocated = map->m_len; depth = ext_depth(inode); ex = path[depth].p_ext; ee_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); unwritten = ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex); if (map->m_lblk + map->m_len < ee_block + ee_len) { split_flag1 = split_flag & EXT4_EXT_MAY_ZEROOUT; flags1 = flags | EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO; if (unwritten) split_flag1 |= EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT1 | EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT2; if (split_flag & EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID2) split_flag1 |= EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID1; err = ext4_split_extent_at(handle, inode, ppath, map->m_lblk + map->m_len, split_flag1, flags1); if (err) goto out; } else { allocated = ee_len - (map->m_lblk - ee_block); } /* * Update path is required because previous ext4_split_extent_at() may * result in split of original leaf or extent zeroout. */ path = ext4_find_extent(inode, map->m_lblk, ppath, flags); if (IS_ERR(path)) return PTR_ERR(path); depth = ext_depth(inode); ex = path[depth].p_ext; if (!ex) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "unexpected hole at %lu", (unsigned long) map->m_lblk); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } unwritten = ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex); split_flag1 = 0; if (map->m_lblk >= ee_block) { split_flag1 = split_flag & EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID2; if (unwritten) { split_flag1 |= EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT1; split_flag1 |= split_flag & (EXT4_EXT_MAY_ZEROOUT | EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT2); } err = ext4_split_extent_at(handle, inode, ppath, map->m_lblk, split_flag1, flags); if (err) goto out; } ext4_ext_show_leaf(inode, path); out: return err ? err : allocated; } /* * This function is called by ext4_ext_map_blocks() if someone tries to write * to an unwritten extent. It may result in splitting the unwritten * extent into multiple extents (up to three - one initialized and two * unwritten). * There are three possibilities: * a> There is no split required: Entire extent should be initialized * b> Splits in two extents: Write is happening at either end of the extent * c> Splits in three extents: Somone is writing in middle of the extent * * Pre-conditions: * - The extent pointed to by 'path' is unwritten. * - The extent pointed to by 'path' contains a superset * of the logical span [map->m_lblk, map->m_lblk + map->m_len). * * Post-conditions on success: * - the returned value is the number of blocks beyond map->l_lblk * that are allocated and initialized. * It is guaranteed to be >= map->m_len. */ static int ext4_ext_convert_to_initialized(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, struct ext4_ext_path **ppath, int flags) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = *ppath; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi; struct ext4_extent_header *eh; struct ext4_map_blocks split_map; struct ext4_extent zero_ex1, zero_ex2; struct ext4_extent *ex, *abut_ex; ext4_lblk_t ee_block, eof_block; unsigned int ee_len, depth, map_len = map->m_len; int allocated = 0, max_zeroout = 0; int err = 0; int split_flag = EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID2; ext_debug(inode, "logical block %llu, max_blocks %u\n", (unsigned long long)map->m_lblk, map_len); sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); eof_block = (EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize + inode->i_sb->s_blocksize - 1) >> inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits; if (eof_block < map->m_lblk + map_len) eof_block = map->m_lblk + map_len; depth = ext_depth(inode); eh = path[depth].p_hdr; ex = path[depth].p_ext; ee_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); zero_ex1.ee_len = 0; zero_ex2.ee_len = 0; trace_ext4_ext_convert_to_initialized_enter(inode, map, ex); /* Pre-conditions */ BUG_ON(!ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex)); BUG_ON(!in_range(map->m_lblk, ee_block, ee_len)); /* * Attempt to transfer newly initialized blocks from the currently * unwritten extent to its neighbor. This is much cheaper * than an insertion followed by a merge as those involve costly * memmove() calls. Transferring to the left is the common case in * steady state for workloads doing fallocate(FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE) * followed by append writes. * * Limitations of the current logic: * - L1: we do not deal with writes covering the whole extent. * This would require removing the extent if the transfer * is possible. * - L2: we only attempt to merge with an extent stored in the * same extent tree node. */ if ((map->m_lblk == ee_block) && /* See if we can merge left */ (map_len < ee_len) && /*L1*/ (ex > EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh))) { /*L2*/ ext4_lblk_t prev_lblk; ext4_fsblk_t prev_pblk, ee_pblk; unsigned int prev_len; abut_ex = ex - 1; prev_lblk = le32_to_cpu(abut_ex->ee_block); prev_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(abut_ex); prev_pblk = ext4_ext_pblock(abut_ex); ee_pblk = ext4_ext_pblock(ex); /* * A transfer of blocks from 'ex' to 'abut_ex' is allowed * upon those conditions: * - C1: abut_ex is initialized, * - C2: abut_ex is logically abutting ex, * - C3: abut_ex is physically abutting ex, * - C4: abut_ex can receive the additional blocks without * overflowing the (initialized) length limit. */ if ((!ext4_ext_is_unwritten(abut_ex)) && /*C1*/ ((prev_lblk + prev_len) == ee_block) && /*C2*/ ((prev_pblk + prev_len) == ee_pblk) && /*C3*/ (prev_len < (EXT_INIT_MAX_LEN - map_len))) { /*C4*/ err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto out; trace_ext4_ext_convert_to_initialized_fastpath(inode, map, ex, abut_ex); /* Shift the start of ex by 'map_len' blocks */ ex->ee_block = cpu_to_le32(ee_block + map_len); ext4_ext_store_pblock(ex, ee_pblk + map_len); ex->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(ee_len - map_len); ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(ex); /* Restore the flag */ /* Extend abut_ex by 'map_len' blocks */ abut_ex->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(prev_len + map_len); /* Result: number of initialized blocks past m_lblk */ allocated = map_len; } } else if (((map->m_lblk + map_len) == (ee_block + ee_len)) && (map_len < ee_len) && /*L1*/ ex < EXT_LAST_EXTENT(eh)) { /*L2*/ /* See if we can merge right */ ext4_lblk_t next_lblk; ext4_fsblk_t next_pblk, ee_pblk; unsigned int next_len; abut_ex = ex + 1; next_lblk = le32_to_cpu(abut_ex->ee_block); next_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(abut_ex); next_pblk = ext4_ext_pblock(abut_ex); ee_pblk = ext4_ext_pblock(ex); /* * A transfer of blocks from 'ex' to 'abut_ex' is allowed * upon those conditions: * - C1: abut_ex is initialized, * - C2: abut_ex is logically abutting ex, * - C3: abut_ex is physically abutting ex, * - C4: abut_ex can receive the additional blocks without * overflowing the (initialized) length limit. */ if ((!ext4_ext_is_unwritten(abut_ex)) && /*C1*/ ((map->m_lblk + map_len) == next_lblk) && /*C2*/ ((ee_pblk + ee_len) == next_pblk) && /*C3*/ (next_len < (EXT_INIT_MAX_LEN - map_len))) { /*C4*/ err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto out; trace_ext4_ext_convert_to_initialized_fastpath(inode, map, ex, abut_ex); /* Shift the start of abut_ex by 'map_len' blocks */ abut_ex->ee_block = cpu_to_le32(next_lblk - map_len); ext4_ext_store_pblock(abut_ex, next_pblk - map_len); ex->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(ee_len - map_len); ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(ex); /* Restore the flag */ /* Extend abut_ex by 'map_len' blocks */ abut_ex->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(next_len + map_len); /* Result: number of initialized blocks past m_lblk */ allocated = map_len; } } if (allocated) { /* Mark the block containing both extents as dirty */ err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + depth); /* Update path to point to the right extent */ path[depth].p_ext = abut_ex; goto out; } else allocated = ee_len - (map->m_lblk - ee_block); WARN_ON(map->m_lblk < ee_block); /* * It is safe to convert extent to initialized via explicit * zeroout only if extent is fully inside i_size or new_size. */ split_flag |= ee_block + ee_len <= eof_block ? EXT4_EXT_MAY_ZEROOUT : 0; if (EXT4_EXT_MAY_ZEROOUT & split_flag) max_zeroout = sbi->s_extent_max_zeroout_kb >> (inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits - 10); /* * five cases: * 1. split the extent into three extents. * 2. split the extent into two extents, zeroout the head of the first * extent. * 3. split the extent into two extents, zeroout the tail of the second * extent. * 4. split the extent into two extents with out zeroout. * 5. no splitting needed, just possibly zeroout the head and / or the * tail of the extent. */ split_map.m_lblk = map->m_lblk; split_map.m_len = map->m_len; if (max_zeroout && (allocated > split_map.m_len)) { if (allocated <= max_zeroout) { /* case 3 or 5 */ zero_ex1.ee_block = cpu_to_le32(split_map.m_lblk + split_map.m_len); zero_ex1.ee_len = cpu_to_le16(allocated - split_map.m_len); ext4_ext_store_pblock(&zero_ex1, ext4_ext_pblock(ex) + split_map.m_lblk + split_map.m_len - ee_block); err = ext4_ext_zeroout(inode, &zero_ex1); if (err) goto out; split_map.m_len = allocated; } if (split_map.m_lblk - ee_block + split_map.m_len < max_zeroout) { /* case 2 or 5 */ if (split_map.m_lblk != ee_block) { zero_ex2.ee_block = ex->ee_block; zero_ex2.ee_len = cpu_to_le16(split_map.m_lblk - ee_block); ext4_ext_store_pblock(&zero_ex2, ext4_ext_pblock(ex)); err = ext4_ext_zeroout(inode, &zero_ex2); if (err) goto out; } split_map.m_len += split_map.m_lblk - ee_block; split_map.m_lblk = ee_block; allocated = map->m_len; } } err = ext4_split_extent(handle, inode, ppath, &split_map, split_flag, flags); if (err > 0) err = 0; out: /* If we have gotten a failure, don't zero out status tree */ if (!err) { err = ext4_zeroout_es(inode, &zero_ex1); if (!err) err = ext4_zeroout_es(inode, &zero_ex2); } return err ? err : allocated; } /* * This function is called by ext4_ext_map_blocks() from * ext4_get_blocks_dio_write() when DIO to write * to an unwritten extent. * * Writing to an unwritten extent may result in splitting the unwritten * extent into multiple initialized/unwritten extents (up to three) * There are three possibilities: * a> There is no split required: Entire extent should be unwritten * b> Splits in two extents: Write is happening at either end of the extent * c> Splits in three extents: Somone is writing in middle of the extent * * This works the same way in the case of initialized -> unwritten conversion. * * One of more index blocks maybe needed if the extent tree grow after * the unwritten extent split. To prevent ENOSPC occur at the IO * complete, we need to split the unwritten extent before DIO submit * the IO. The unwritten extent called at this time will be split * into three unwritten extent(at most). After IO complete, the part * being filled will be convert to initialized by the end_io callback function * via ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(). * * Returns the size of unwritten extent to be written on success. */ static int ext4_split_convert_extents(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, struct ext4_ext_path **ppath, int flags) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = *ppath; ext4_lblk_t eof_block; ext4_lblk_t ee_block; struct ext4_extent *ex; unsigned int ee_len; int split_flag = 0, depth; ext_debug(inode, "logical block %llu, max_blocks %u\n", (unsigned long long)map->m_lblk, map->m_len); eof_block = (EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize + inode->i_sb->s_blocksize - 1) >> inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits; if (eof_block < map->m_lblk + map->m_len) eof_block = map->m_lblk + map->m_len; /* * It is safe to convert extent to initialized via explicit * zeroout only if extent is fully inside i_size or new_size. */ depth = ext_depth(inode); ex = path[depth].p_ext; ee_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); /* Convert to unwritten */ if (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT_UNWRITTEN) { split_flag |= EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID1; /* Convert to initialized */ } else if (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT) { split_flag |= ee_block + ee_len <= eof_block ? EXT4_EXT_MAY_ZEROOUT : 0; split_flag |= (EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT2 | EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID2); } flags |= EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO; return ext4_split_extent(handle, inode, ppath, map, split_flag, flags); } static int ext4_convert_unwritten_extents_endio(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, struct ext4_ext_path **ppath) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = *ppath; struct ext4_extent *ex; ext4_lblk_t ee_block; unsigned int ee_len; int depth; int err = 0; depth = ext_depth(inode); ex = path[depth].p_ext; ee_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); ext_debug(inode, "logical block %llu, max_blocks %u\n", (unsigned long long)ee_block, ee_len); /* If extent is larger than requested it is a clear sign that we still * have some extent state machine issues left. So extent_split is still * required. * TODO: Once all related issues will be fixed this situation should be * illegal. */ if (ee_block != map->m_lblk || ee_len > map->m_len) { #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_DEBUG ext4_warning(inode->i_sb, "Inode (%ld) finished: extent logical block %llu," " len %u; IO logical block %llu, len %u", inode->i_ino, (unsigned long long)ee_block, ee_len, (unsigned long long)map->m_lblk, map->m_len); #endif err = ext4_split_convert_extents(handle, inode, map, ppath, EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT); if (err < 0) return err; path = ext4_find_extent(inode, map->m_lblk, ppath, 0); if (IS_ERR(path)) return PTR_ERR(path); depth = ext_depth(inode); ex = path[depth].p_ext; } err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto out; /* first mark the extent as initialized */ ext4_ext_mark_initialized(ex); /* note: ext4_ext_correct_indexes() isn't needed here because * borders are not changed */ ext4_ext_try_to_merge(handle, inode, path, ex); /* Mark modified extent as dirty */ err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + path->p_depth); out: ext4_ext_show_leaf(inode, path); return err; } static int convert_initialized_extent(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, struct ext4_ext_path **ppath, unsigned int *allocated) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = *ppath; struct ext4_extent *ex; ext4_lblk_t ee_block; unsigned int ee_len; int depth; int err = 0; /* * Make sure that the extent is no bigger than we support with * unwritten extent */ if (map->m_len > EXT_UNWRITTEN_MAX_LEN) map->m_len = EXT_UNWRITTEN_MAX_LEN / 2; depth = ext_depth(inode); ex = path[depth].p_ext; ee_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); ext_debug(inode, "logical block %llu, max_blocks %u\n", (unsigned long long)ee_block, ee_len); if (ee_block != map->m_lblk || ee_len > map->m_len) { err = ext4_split_convert_extents(handle, inode, map, ppath, EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT_UNWRITTEN); if (err < 0) return err; path = ext4_find_extent(inode, map->m_lblk, ppath, 0); if (IS_ERR(path)) return PTR_ERR(path); depth = ext_depth(inode); ex = path[depth].p_ext; if (!ex) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "unexpected hole at %lu", (unsigned long) map->m_lblk); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } } err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) return err; /* first mark the extent as unwritten */ ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(ex); /* note: ext4_ext_correct_indexes() isn't needed here because * borders are not changed */ ext4_ext_try_to_merge(handle, inode, path, ex); /* Mark modified extent as dirty */ err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + path->p_depth); if (err) return err; ext4_ext_show_leaf(inode, path); ext4_update_inode_fsync_trans(handle, inode, 1); map->m_flags |= EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN; if (*allocated > map->m_len) *allocated = map->m_len; map->m_len = *allocated; return 0; } static int ext4_ext_handle_unwritten_extents(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, struct ext4_ext_path **ppath, int flags, unsigned int allocated, ext4_fsblk_t newblock) { struct ext4_ext_path __maybe_unused *path = *ppath; int ret = 0; int err = 0; ext_debug(inode, "logical block %llu, max_blocks %u, flags 0x%x, allocated %u\n", (unsigned long long)map->m_lblk, map->m_len, flags, allocated); ext4_ext_show_leaf(inode, path); /* * When writing into unwritten space, we should not fail to * allocate metadata blocks for the new extent block if needed. */ flags |= EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_METADATA_NOFAIL; trace_ext4_ext_handle_unwritten_extents(inode, map, flags, allocated, newblock); /* get_block() before submitting IO, split the extent */ if (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO) { ret = ext4_split_convert_extents(handle, inode, map, ppath, flags | EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT); if (ret < 0) { err = ret; goto out2; } /* * shouldn't get a 0 return when splitting an extent unless * m_len is 0 (bug) or extent has been corrupted */ if (unlikely(ret == 0)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "unexpected ret == 0, m_len = %u", map->m_len); err = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto out2; } map->m_flags |= EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN; goto out; } /* IO end_io complete, convert the filled extent to written */ if (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT) { err = ext4_convert_unwritten_extents_endio(handle, inode, map, ppath); if (err < 0) goto out2; ext4_update_inode_fsync_trans(handle, inode, 1); goto map_out; } /* buffered IO cases */ /* * repeat fallocate creation request * we already have an unwritten extent */ if (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_UNWRIT_EXT) { map->m_flags |= EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN; goto map_out; } /* buffered READ or buffered write_begin() lookup */ if ((flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE) == 0) { /* * We have blocks reserved already. We * return allocated blocks so that delalloc * won't do block reservation for us. But * the buffer head will be unmapped so that * a read from the block returns 0s. */ map->m_flags |= EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN; goto out1; } /* * Default case when (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE) == 1. * For buffered writes, at writepage time, etc. Convert a * discovered unwritten extent to written. */ ret = ext4_ext_convert_to_initialized(handle, inode, map, ppath, flags); if (ret < 0) { err = ret; goto out2; } ext4_update_inode_fsync_trans(handle, inode, 1); /* * shouldn't get a 0 return when converting an unwritten extent * unless m_len is 0 (bug) or extent has been corrupted */ if (unlikely(ret == 0)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "unexpected ret == 0, m_len = %u", map->m_len); err = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto out2; } out: allocated = ret; map->m_flags |= EXT4_MAP_NEW; map_out: map->m_flags |= EXT4_MAP_MAPPED; out1: map->m_pblk = newblock; if (allocated > map->m_len) allocated = map->m_len; map->m_len = allocated; ext4_ext_show_leaf(inode, path); out2: return err ? err : allocated; } /* * get_implied_cluster_alloc - check to see if the requested * allocation (in the map structure) overlaps with a cluster already * allocated in an extent. * @sb The filesystem superblock structure * @map The requested lblk->pblk mapping * @ex The extent structure which might contain an implied * cluster allocation * * This function is called by ext4_ext_map_blocks() after we failed to * find blocks that were already in the inode's extent tree. Hence, * we know that the beginning of the requested region cannot overlap * the extent from the inode's extent tree. There are three cases we * want to catch. The first is this case: * * |--- cluster # N--| * |--- extent ---| |---- requested region ---| * |==========| * * The second case that we need to test for is this one: * * |--------- cluster # N ----------------| * |--- requested region --| |------- extent ----| * |=======================| * * The third case is when the requested region lies between two extents * within the same cluster: * |------------- cluster # N-------------| * |----- ex -----| |---- ex_right ----| * |------ requested region ------| * |================| * * In each of the above cases, we need to set the map->m_pblk and * map->m_len so it corresponds to the return the extent labelled as * "|====|" from cluster #N, since it is already in use for data in * cluster EXT4_B2C(sbi, map->m_lblk). We will then return 1 to * signal to ext4_ext_map_blocks() that map->m_pblk should be treated * as a new "allocated" block region. Otherwise, we will return 0 and * ext4_ext_map_blocks() will then allocate one or more new clusters * by calling ext4_mb_new_blocks(). */ static int get_implied_cluster_alloc(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, struct ext4_extent *ex, struct ext4_ext_path *path) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); ext4_lblk_t c_offset = EXT4_LBLK_COFF(sbi, map->m_lblk); ext4_lblk_t ex_cluster_start, ex_cluster_end; ext4_lblk_t rr_cluster_start; ext4_lblk_t ee_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); ext4_fsblk_t ee_start = ext4_ext_pblock(ex); unsigned short ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); /* The extent passed in that we are trying to match */ ex_cluster_start = EXT4_B2C(sbi, ee_block); ex_cluster_end = EXT4_B2C(sbi, ee_block + ee_len - 1); /* The requested region passed into ext4_map_blocks() */ rr_cluster_start = EXT4_B2C(sbi, map->m_lblk); if ((rr_cluster_start == ex_cluster_end) || (rr_cluster_start == ex_cluster_start)) { if (rr_cluster_start == ex_cluster_end) ee_start += ee_len - 1; map->m_pblk = EXT4_PBLK_CMASK(sbi, ee_start) + c_offset; map->m_len = min(map->m_len, (unsigned) sbi->s_cluster_ratio - c_offset); /* * Check for and handle this case: * * |--------- cluster # N-------------| * |------- extent ----| * |--- requested region ---| * |===========| */ if (map->m_lblk < ee_block) map->m_len = min(map->m_len, ee_block - map->m_lblk); /* * Check for the case where there is already another allocated * block to the right of 'ex' but before the end of the cluster. * * |------------- cluster # N-------------| * |----- ex -----| |---- ex_right ----| * |------ requested region ------| * |================| */ if (map->m_lblk > ee_block) { ext4_lblk_t next = ext4_ext_next_allocated_block(path); map->m_len = min(map->m_len, next - map->m_lblk); } trace_ext4_get_implied_cluster_alloc_exit(sb, map, 1); return 1; } trace_ext4_get_implied_cluster_alloc_exit(sb, map, 0); return 0; } /* * Block allocation/map/preallocation routine for extents based files * * * Need to be called with * down_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem) if not allocating file system block * (ie, create is zero). Otherwise down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem) * * return > 0, number of blocks already mapped/allocated * if create == 0 and these are pre-allocated blocks * buffer head is unmapped * otherwise blocks are mapped * * return = 0, if plain look up failed (blocks have not been allocated) * buffer head is unmapped * * return < 0, error case. */ int ext4_ext_map_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, int flags) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = NULL; struct ext4_extent newex, *ex, ex2; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); ext4_fsblk_t newblock = 0, pblk; int err = 0, depth, ret; unsigned int allocated = 0, offset = 0; unsigned int allocated_clusters = 0; struct ext4_allocation_request ar; ext4_lblk_t cluster_offset; ext_debug(inode, "blocks %u/%u requested\n", map->m_lblk, map->m_len); trace_ext4_ext_map_blocks_enter(inode, map->m_lblk, map->m_len, flags); /* find extent for this block */ path = ext4_find_extent(inode, map->m_lblk, NULL, 0); if (IS_ERR(path)) { err = PTR_ERR(path); path = NULL; goto out; } depth = ext_depth(inode); /* * consistent leaf must not be empty; * this situation is possible, though, _during_ tree modification; * this is why assert can't be put in ext4_find_extent() */ if (unlikely(path[depth].p_ext == NULL && depth != 0)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "bad extent address " "lblock: %lu, depth: %d pblock %lld", (unsigned long) map->m_lblk, depth, path[depth].p_block); err = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto out; } ex = path[depth].p_ext; if (ex) { ext4_lblk_t ee_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); ext4_fsblk_t ee_start = ext4_ext_pblock(ex); unsigned short ee_len; /* * unwritten extents are treated as holes, except that * we split out initialized portions during a write. */ ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); trace_ext4_ext_show_extent(inode, ee_block, ee_start, ee_len); /* if found extent covers block, simply return it */ if (in_range(map->m_lblk, ee_block, ee_len)) { newblock = map->m_lblk - ee_block + ee_start; /* number of remaining blocks in the extent */ allocated = ee_len - (map->m_lblk - ee_block); ext_debug(inode, "%u fit into %u:%d -> %llu\n", map->m_lblk, ee_block, ee_len, newblock); /* * If the extent is initialized check whether the * caller wants to convert it to unwritten. */ if ((!ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex)) && (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT_UNWRITTEN)) { err = convert_initialized_extent(handle, inode, map, &path, &allocated); goto out; } else if (!ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex)) { map->m_flags |= EXT4_MAP_MAPPED; map->m_pblk = newblock; if (allocated > map->m_len) allocated = map->m_len; map->m_len = allocated; ext4_ext_show_leaf(inode, path); goto out; } ret = ext4_ext_handle_unwritten_extents( handle, inode, map, &path, flags, allocated, newblock); if (ret < 0) err = ret; else allocated = ret; goto out; } } /* * requested block isn't allocated yet; * we couldn't try to create block if create flag is zero */ if ((flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE) == 0) { ext4_lblk_t hole_start, hole_len; hole_start = map->m_lblk; hole_len = ext4_ext_determine_hole(inode, path, &hole_start); /* * put just found gap into cache to speed up * subsequent requests */ ext4_ext_put_gap_in_cache(inode, hole_start, hole_len); /* Update hole_len to reflect hole size after map->m_lblk */ if (hole_start != map->m_lblk) hole_len -= map->m_lblk - hole_start; map->m_pblk = 0; map->m_len = min_t(unsigned int, map->m_len, hole_len); goto out; } /* * Okay, we need to do block allocation. */ newex.ee_block = cpu_to_le32(map->m_lblk); cluster_offset = EXT4_LBLK_COFF(sbi, map->m_lblk); /* * If we are doing bigalloc, check to see if the extent returned * by ext4_find_extent() implies a cluster we can use. */ if (cluster_offset && ex && get_implied_cluster_alloc(inode->i_sb, map, ex, path)) { ar.len = allocated = map->m_len; newblock = map->m_pblk; goto got_allocated_blocks; } /* find neighbour allocated blocks */ ar.lleft = map->m_lblk; err = ext4_ext_search_left(inode, path, &ar.lleft, &ar.pleft); if (err) goto out; ar.lright = map->m_lblk; err = ext4_ext_search_right(inode, path, &ar.lright, &ar.pright, &ex2); if (err < 0) goto out; /* Check if the extent after searching to the right implies a * cluster we can use. */ if ((sbi->s_cluster_ratio > 1) && err && get_implied_cluster_alloc(inode->i_sb, map, &ex2, path)) { ar.len = allocated = map->m_len; newblock = map->m_pblk; goto got_allocated_blocks; } /* * See if request is beyond maximum number of blocks we can have in * a single extent. For an initialized extent this limit is * EXT_INIT_MAX_LEN and for an unwritten extent this limit is * EXT_UNWRITTEN_MAX_LEN. */ if (map->m_len > EXT_INIT_MAX_LEN && !(flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_UNWRIT_EXT)) map->m_len = EXT_INIT_MAX_LEN; else if (map->m_len > EXT_UNWRITTEN_MAX_LEN && (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_UNWRIT_EXT)) map->m_len = EXT_UNWRITTEN_MAX_LEN; /* Check if we can really insert (m_lblk)::(m_lblk + m_len) extent */ newex.ee_len = cpu_to_le16(map->m_len); err = ext4_ext_check_overlap(sbi, inode, &newex, path); if (err) allocated = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(&newex); else allocated = map->m_len; /* allocate new block */ ar.inode = inode; ar.goal = ext4_ext_find_goal(inode, path, map->m_lblk); ar.logical = map->m_lblk; /* * We calculate the offset from the beginning of the cluster * for the logical block number, since when we allocate a * physical cluster, the physical block should start at the * same offset from the beginning of the cluster. This is * needed so that future calls to get_implied_cluster_alloc() * work correctly. */ offset = EXT4_LBLK_COFF(sbi, map->m_lblk); ar.len = EXT4_NUM_B2C(sbi, offset+allocated); ar.goal -= offset; ar.logical -= offset; if (S_ISREG(inode->i_mode)) ar.flags = EXT4_MB_HINT_DATA; else /* disable in-core preallocation for non-regular files */ ar.flags = 0; if (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_NO_NORMALIZE) ar.flags |= EXT4_MB_HINT_NOPREALLOC; if (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_DELALLOC_RESERVE) ar.flags |= EXT4_MB_DELALLOC_RESERVED; if (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_METADATA_NOFAIL) ar.flags |= EXT4_MB_USE_RESERVED; newblock = ext4_mb_new_blocks(handle, &ar, &err); if (!newblock) goto out; allocated_clusters = ar.len; ar.len = EXT4_C2B(sbi, ar.len) - offset; ext_debug(inode, "allocate new block: goal %llu, found %llu/%u, requested %u\n", ar.goal, newblock, ar.len, allocated); if (ar.len > allocated) ar.len = allocated; got_allocated_blocks: /* try to insert new extent into found leaf and return */ pblk = newblock + offset; ext4_ext_store_pblock(&newex, pblk); newex.ee_len = cpu_to_le16(ar.len); /* Mark unwritten */ if (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_UNWRIT_EXT) { ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(&newex); map->m_flags |= EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN; } err = ext4_ext_insert_extent(handle, inode, &path, &newex, flags); if (err) { if (allocated_clusters) { int fb_flags = 0; /* * free data blocks we just allocated. * not a good idea to call discard here directly, * but otherwise we'd need to call it every free(). */ ext4_discard_preallocations(inode, 0); if (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_DELALLOC_RESERVE) fb_flags = EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_NO_QUOT_UPDATE; ext4_free_blocks(handle, inode, NULL, newblock, EXT4_C2B(sbi, allocated_clusters), fb_flags); } goto out; } /* * Reduce the reserved cluster count to reflect successful deferred * allocation of delayed allocated clusters or direct allocation of * clusters discovered to be delayed allocated. Once allocated, a * cluster is not included in the reserved count. */ if (test_opt(inode->i_sb, DELALLOC) && allocated_clusters) { if (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_DELALLOC_RESERVE) { /* * When allocating delayed allocated clusters, simply * reduce the reserved cluster count and claim quota */ ext4_da_update_reserve_space(inode, allocated_clusters, 1); } else { ext4_lblk_t lblk, len; unsigned int n; /* * When allocating non-delayed allocated clusters * (from fallocate, filemap, DIO, or clusters * allocated when delalloc has been disabled by * ext4_nonda_switch), reduce the reserved cluster * count by the number of allocated clusters that * have previously been delayed allocated. Quota * has been claimed by ext4_mb_new_blocks() above, * so release the quota reservations made for any * previously delayed allocated clusters. */ lblk = EXT4_LBLK_CMASK(sbi, map->m_lblk); len = allocated_clusters << sbi->s_cluster_bits; n = ext4_es_delayed_clu(inode, lblk, len); if (n > 0) ext4_da_update_reserve_space(inode, (int) n, 0); } } /* * Cache the extent and update transaction to commit on fdatasync only * when it is _not_ an unwritten extent. */ if ((flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_UNWRIT_EXT) == 0) ext4_update_inode_fsync_trans(handle, inode, 1); else ext4_update_inode_fsync_trans(handle, inode, 0); map->m_flags |= (EXT4_MAP_NEW | EXT4_MAP_MAPPED); map->m_pblk = pblk; map->m_len = ar.len; allocated = map->m_len; ext4_ext_show_leaf(inode, path); out: ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); trace_ext4_ext_map_blocks_exit(inode, flags, map, err ? err : allocated); return err ? err : allocated; } int ext4_ext_truncate(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode) { struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; ext4_lblk_t last_block; int err = 0; /* * TODO: optimization is possible here. * Probably we need not scan at all, * because page truncation is enough. */ /* we have to know where to truncate from in crash case */ EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize = inode->i_size; err = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (err) return err; last_block = (inode->i_size + sb->s_blocksize - 1) >> EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(sb); retry: err = ext4_es_remove_extent(inode, last_block, EXT_MAX_BLOCKS - last_block); if (err == -ENOMEM) { cond_resched(); congestion_wait(BLK_RW_ASYNC, HZ/50); goto retry; } if (err) return err; retry_remove_space: err = ext4_ext_remove_space(inode, last_block, EXT_MAX_BLOCKS - 1); if (err == -ENOMEM) { cond_resched(); congestion_wait(BLK_RW_ASYNC, HZ/50); goto retry_remove_space; } return err; } static int ext4_alloc_file_blocks(struct file *file, ext4_lblk_t offset, ext4_lblk_t len, loff_t new_size, int flags) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(file); handle_t *handle; int ret = 0; int ret2 = 0, ret3 = 0; int retries = 0; int depth = 0; struct ext4_map_blocks map; unsigned int credits; loff_t epos; BUG_ON(!ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)); map.m_lblk = offset; map.m_len = len; /* * Don't normalize the request if it can fit in one extent so * that it doesn't get unnecessarily split into multiple * extents. */ if (len <= EXT_UNWRITTEN_MAX_LEN) flags |= EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_NO_NORMALIZE; /* * credits to insert 1 extent into extent tree */ credits = ext4_chunk_trans_blocks(inode, len); depth = ext_depth(inode); retry: while (ret >= 0 && len) { /* * Recalculate credits when extent tree depth changes. */ if (depth != ext_depth(inode)) { credits = ext4_chunk_trans_blocks(inode, len); depth = ext_depth(inode); } handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_MAP_BLOCKS, credits); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { ret = PTR_ERR(handle); break; } ret = ext4_map_blocks(handle, inode, &map, flags); if (ret <= 0) { ext4_debug("inode #%lu: block %u: len %u: " "ext4_ext_map_blocks returned %d", inode->i_ino, map.m_lblk, map.m_len, ret); ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); ret2 = ext4_journal_stop(handle); break; } map.m_lblk += ret; map.m_len = len = len - ret; epos = (loff_t)map.m_lblk << inode->i_blkbits; inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode); if (new_size) { if (epos > new_size) epos = new_size; if (ext4_update_inode_size(inode, epos) & 0x1) inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime; } ret2 = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); ext4_update_inode_fsync_trans(handle, inode, 1); ret3 = ext4_journal_stop(handle); ret2 = ret3 ? ret3 : ret2; if (unlikely(ret2)) break; } if (ret == -ENOSPC && ext4_should_retry_alloc(inode->i_sb, &retries)) { ret = 0; goto retry; } return ret > 0 ? ret2 : ret; } static int ext4_collapse_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t len); static int ext4_insert_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t len); static long ext4_zero_range(struct file *file, loff_t offset, loff_t len, int mode) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(file); handle_t *handle = NULL; unsigned int max_blocks; loff_t new_size = 0; int ret = 0; int flags; int credits; int partial_begin, partial_end; loff_t start, end; ext4_lblk_t lblk; unsigned int blkbits = inode->i_blkbits; trace_ext4_zero_range(inode, offset, len, mode); /* Call ext4_force_commit to flush all data in case of data=journal. */ if (ext4_should_journal_data(inode)) { ret = ext4_force_commit(inode->i_sb); if (ret) return ret; } /* * Round up offset. This is not fallocate, we need to zero out * blocks, so convert interior block aligned part of the range to * unwritten and possibly manually zero out unaligned parts of the * range. */ start = round_up(offset, 1 << blkbits); end = round_down((offset + len), 1 << blkbits); if (start < offset || end > offset + len) return -EINVAL; partial_begin = offset & ((1 << blkbits) - 1); partial_end = (offset + len) & ((1 << blkbits) - 1); lblk = start >> blkbits; max_blocks = (end >> blkbits); if (max_blocks < lblk) max_blocks = 0; else max_blocks -= lblk; inode_lock(inode); /* * Indirect files do not support unwritten extents */ if (!(ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS))) { ret = -EOPNOTSUPP; goto out_mutex; } if (!(mode & FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE) && (offset + len > inode->i_size || offset + len > EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize)) { new_size = offset + len; ret = inode_newsize_ok(inode, new_size); if (ret) goto out_mutex; } flags = EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE_UNWRIT_EXT; /* Wait all existing dio workers, newcomers will block on i_mutex */ inode_dio_wait(inode); /* Preallocate the range including the unaligned edges */ if (partial_begin || partial_end) { ret = ext4_alloc_file_blocks(file, round_down(offset, 1 << blkbits) >> blkbits, (round_up((offset + len), 1 << blkbits) - round_down(offset, 1 << blkbits)) >> blkbits, new_size, flags); if (ret) goto out_mutex; } /* Zero range excluding the unaligned edges */ if (max_blocks > 0) { flags |= (EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT_UNWRITTEN | EXT4_EX_NOCACHE); /* * Prevent page faults from reinstantiating pages we have * released from page cache. */ down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); ret = ext4_break_layouts(inode); if (ret) { up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); goto out_mutex; } ret = ext4_update_disksize_before_punch(inode, offset, len); if (ret) { up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); goto out_mutex; } /* Now release the pages and zero block aligned part of pages */ truncate_pagecache_range(inode, start, end - 1); inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode); ret = ext4_alloc_file_blocks(file, lblk, max_blocks, new_size, flags); up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); if (ret) goto out_mutex; } if (!partial_begin && !partial_end) goto out_mutex; /* * In worst case we have to writeout two nonadjacent unwritten * blocks and update the inode */ credits = (2 * ext4_ext_index_trans_blocks(inode, 2)) + 1; if (ext4_should_journal_data(inode)) credits += 2; handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_MISC, credits); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { ret = PTR_ERR(handle); ext4_std_error(inode->i_sb, ret); goto out_mutex; } inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode); if (new_size) ext4_update_inode_size(inode, new_size); ret = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (unlikely(ret)) goto out_handle; ext4_fc_track_range(handle, inode, offset >> inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits, (offset + len - 1) >> inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits); /* Zero out partial block at the edges of the range */ ret = ext4_zero_partial_blocks(handle, inode, offset, len); if (ret >= 0) ext4_update_inode_fsync_trans(handle, inode, 1); if (file->f_flags & O_SYNC) ext4_handle_sync(handle); out_handle: ext4_journal_stop(handle); out_mutex: inode_unlock(inode); return ret; } /* * preallocate space for a file. This implements ext4's fallocate file * operation, which gets called from sys_fallocate system call. * For block-mapped files, posix_fallocate should fall back to the method * of writing zeroes to the required new blocks (the same behavior which is * expected for file systems which do not support fallocate() system call). */ long ext4_fallocate(struct file *file, int mode, loff_t offset, loff_t len) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(file); loff_t new_size = 0; unsigned int max_blocks; int ret = 0; int flags; ext4_lblk_t lblk; unsigned int blkbits = inode->i_blkbits; /* * Encrypted inodes can't handle collapse range or insert * range since we would need to re-encrypt blocks with a * different IV or XTS tweak (which are based on the logical * block number). */ if (IS_ENCRYPTED(inode) && (mode & (FALLOC_FL_COLLAPSE_RANGE | FALLOC_FL_INSERT_RANGE))) return -EOPNOTSUPP; /* Return error if mode is not supported */ if (mode & ~(FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE | FALLOC_FL_PUNCH_HOLE | FALLOC_FL_COLLAPSE_RANGE | FALLOC_FL_ZERO_RANGE | FALLOC_FL_INSERT_RANGE)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; ext4_fc_start_update(inode); if (mode & FALLOC_FL_PUNCH_HOLE) { ret = ext4_punch_hole(inode, offset, len); goto exit; } ret = ext4_convert_inline_data(inode); if (ret) goto exit; if (mode & FALLOC_FL_COLLAPSE_RANGE) { ret = ext4_collapse_range(inode, offset, len); goto exit; } if (mode & FALLOC_FL_INSERT_RANGE) { ret = ext4_insert_range(inode, offset, len); goto exit; } if (mode & FALLOC_FL_ZERO_RANGE) { ret = ext4_zero_range(file, offset, len, mode); goto exit; } trace_ext4_fallocate_enter(inode, offset, len, mode); lblk = offset >> blkbits; max_blocks = EXT4_MAX_BLOCKS(len, offset, blkbits); flags = EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE_UNWRIT_EXT; inode_lock(inode); /* * We only support preallocation for extent-based files only */ if (!(ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS))) { ret = -EOPNOTSUPP; goto out; } if (!(mode & FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE) && (offset + len > inode->i_size || offset + len > EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize)) { new_size = offset + len; ret = inode_newsize_ok(inode, new_size); if (ret) goto out; } /* Wait all existing dio workers, newcomers will block on i_mutex */ inode_dio_wait(inode); ret = ext4_alloc_file_blocks(file, lblk, max_blocks, new_size, flags); if (ret) goto out; if (file->f_flags & O_SYNC && EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_journal) { ret = ext4_fc_commit(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_journal, EXT4_I(inode)->i_sync_tid); } out: inode_unlock(inode); trace_ext4_fallocate_exit(inode, offset, max_blocks, ret); exit: ext4_fc_stop_update(inode); return ret; } /* * This function convert a range of blocks to written extents * The caller of this function will pass the start offset and the size. * all unwritten extents within this range will be converted to * written extents. * * This function is called from the direct IO end io call back * function, to convert the fallocated extents after IO is completed. * Returns 0 on success. */ int ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, ssize_t len) { unsigned int max_blocks; int ret = 0, ret2 = 0, ret3 = 0; struct ext4_map_blocks map; unsigned int blkbits = inode->i_blkbits; unsigned int credits = 0; map.m_lblk = offset >> blkbits; max_blocks = EXT4_MAX_BLOCKS(len, offset, blkbits); if (!handle) { /* * credits to insert 1 extent into extent tree */ credits = ext4_chunk_trans_blocks(inode, max_blocks); } while (ret >= 0 && ret < max_blocks) { map.m_lblk += ret; map.m_len = (max_blocks -= ret); if (credits) { handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_MAP_BLOCKS, credits); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { ret = PTR_ERR(handle); break; } } ret = ext4_map_blocks(handle, inode, &map, EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_IO_CONVERT_EXT); if (ret <= 0) ext4_warning(inode->i_sb, "inode #%lu: block %u: len %u: " "ext4_ext_map_blocks returned %d", inode->i_ino, map.m_lblk, map.m_len, ret); ret2 = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (credits) { ret3 = ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (unlikely(ret3)) ret2 = ret3; } if (ret <= 0 || ret2) break; } return ret > 0 ? ret2 : ret; } int ext4_convert_unwritten_io_end_vec(handle_t *handle, ext4_io_end_t *io_end) { int ret = 0, err = 0; struct ext4_io_end_vec *io_end_vec; /* * This is somewhat ugly but the idea is clear: When transaction is * reserved, everything goes into it. Otherwise we rather start several * smaller transactions for conversion of each extent separately. */ if (handle) { handle = ext4_journal_start_reserved(handle, EXT4_HT_EXT_CONVERT); if (IS_ERR(handle)) return PTR_ERR(handle); } list_for_each_entry(io_end_vec, &io_end->list_vec, list) { ret = ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(handle, io_end->inode, io_end_vec->offset, io_end_vec->size); if (ret) break; } if (handle) err = ext4_journal_stop(handle); return ret < 0 ? ret : err; } static int ext4_iomap_xattr_fiemap(struct inode *inode, struct iomap *iomap) { __u64 physical = 0; __u64 length = 0; int blockbits = inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits; int error = 0; u16 iomap_type; /* in-inode? */ if (ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_XATTR)) { struct ext4_iloc iloc; int offset; /* offset of xattr in inode */ error = ext4_get_inode_loc(inode, &iloc); if (error) return error; physical = (__u64)iloc.bh->b_blocknr << blockbits; offset = EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE + EXT4_I(inode)->i_extra_isize; physical += offset; length = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_inode_size - offset; brelse(iloc.bh); iomap_type = IOMAP_INLINE; } else if (EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl) { /* external block */ physical = (__u64)EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl << blockbits; length = inode->i_sb->s_blocksize; iomap_type = IOMAP_MAPPED; } else { /* no in-inode or external block for xattr, so return -ENOENT */ error = -ENOENT; goto out; } iomap->addr = physical; iomap->offset = 0; iomap->length = length; iomap->type = iomap_type; iomap->flags = 0; out: return error; } static int ext4_iomap_xattr_begin(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t length, unsigned flags, struct iomap *iomap, struct iomap *srcmap) { int error; error = ext4_iomap_xattr_fiemap(inode, iomap); if (error == 0 && (offset >= iomap->length)) error = -ENOENT; return error; } static const struct iomap_ops ext4_iomap_xattr_ops = { .iomap_begin = ext4_iomap_xattr_begin, }; static int ext4_fiemap_check_ranges(struct inode *inode, u64 start, u64 *len) { u64 maxbytes; if (ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)) maxbytes = inode->i_sb->s_maxbytes; else maxbytes = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_bitmap_maxbytes; if (*len == 0) return -EINVAL; if (start > maxbytes) return -EFBIG; /* * Shrink request scope to what the fs can actually handle. */ if (*len > maxbytes || (maxbytes - *len) < start) *len = maxbytes - start; return 0; } int ext4_fiemap(struct inode *inode, struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo, u64 start, u64 len) { int error = 0; if (fieinfo->fi_flags & FIEMAP_FLAG_CACHE) { error = ext4_ext_precache(inode); if (error) return error; fieinfo->fi_flags &= ~FIEMAP_FLAG_CACHE; } /* * For bitmap files the maximum size limit could be smaller than * s_maxbytes, so check len here manually instead of just relying on the * generic check. */ error = ext4_fiemap_check_ranges(inode, start, &len); if (error) return error; if (fieinfo->fi_flags & FIEMAP_FLAG_XATTR) { fieinfo->fi_flags &= ~FIEMAP_FLAG_XATTR; return iomap_fiemap(inode, fieinfo, start, len, &ext4_iomap_xattr_ops); } return iomap_fiemap(inode, fieinfo, start, len, &ext4_iomap_report_ops); } int ext4_get_es_cache(struct inode *inode, struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo, __u64 start, __u64 len) { ext4_lblk_t start_blk, len_blks; __u64 last_blk; int error = 0; if (ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) { int has_inline; down_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem); has_inline = ext4_has_inline_data(inode); up_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem); if (has_inline) return 0; } if (fieinfo->fi_flags & FIEMAP_FLAG_CACHE) { error = ext4_ext_precache(inode); if (error) return error; fieinfo->fi_flags &= ~FIEMAP_FLAG_CACHE; } error = fiemap_prep(inode, fieinfo, start, &len, 0); if (error) return error; error = ext4_fiemap_check_ranges(inode, start, &len); if (error) return error; start_blk = start >> inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits; last_blk = (start + len - 1) >> inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits; if (last_blk >= EXT_MAX_BLOCKS) last_blk = EXT_MAX_BLOCKS-1; len_blks = ((ext4_lblk_t) last_blk) - start_blk + 1; /* * Walk the extent tree gathering extent information * and pushing extents back to the user. */ return ext4_fill_es_cache_info(inode, start_blk, len_blks, fieinfo); } /* * ext4_ext_shift_path_extents: * Shift the extents of a path structure lying between path[depth].p_ext * and EXT_LAST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr), by @shift blocks. @SHIFT tells * if it is right shift or left shift operation. */ static int ext4_ext_shift_path_extents(struct ext4_ext_path *path, ext4_lblk_t shift, struct inode *inode, handle_t *handle, enum SHIFT_DIRECTION SHIFT) { int depth, err = 0; struct ext4_extent *ex_start, *ex_last; bool update = false; int credits, restart_credits; depth = path->p_depth; while (depth >= 0) { if (depth == path->p_depth) { ex_start = path[depth].p_ext; if (!ex_start) return -EFSCORRUPTED; ex_last = EXT_LAST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr); /* leaf + sb + inode */ credits = 3; if (ex_start == EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr)) { update = true; /* extent tree + sb + inode */ credits = depth + 2; } restart_credits = ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(inode); err = ext4_datasem_ensure_credits(handle, inode, credits, restart_credits, 0); if (err) { if (err > 0) err = -EAGAIN; goto out; } err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto out; while (ex_start <= ex_last) { if (SHIFT == SHIFT_LEFT) { le32_add_cpu(&ex_start->ee_block, -shift); /* Try to merge to the left. */ if ((ex_start > EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr)) && ext4_ext_try_to_merge_right(inode, path, ex_start - 1)) ex_last--; else ex_start++; } else { le32_add_cpu(&ex_last->ee_block, shift); ext4_ext_try_to_merge_right(inode, path, ex_last); ex_last--; } } err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto out; if (--depth < 0 || !update) break; } /* Update index too */ err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto out; if (SHIFT == SHIFT_LEFT) le32_add_cpu(&path[depth].p_idx->ei_block, -shift); else le32_add_cpu(&path[depth].p_idx->ei_block, shift); err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto out; /* we are done if current index is not a starting index */ if (path[depth].p_idx != EXT_FIRST_INDEX(path[depth].p_hdr)) break; depth--; } out: return err; } /* * ext4_ext_shift_extents: * All the extents which lies in the range from @start to the last allocated * block for the @inode are shifted either towards left or right (depending * upon @SHIFT) by @shift blocks. * On success, 0 is returned, error otherwise. */ static int ext4_ext_shift_extents(struct inode *inode, handle_t *handle, ext4_lblk_t start, ext4_lblk_t shift, enum SHIFT_DIRECTION SHIFT) { struct ext4_ext_path *path; int ret = 0, depth; struct ext4_extent *extent; ext4_lblk_t stop, *iterator, ex_start, ex_end; ext4_lblk_t tmp = EXT_MAX_BLOCKS; /* Let path point to the last extent */ path = ext4_find_extent(inode, EXT_MAX_BLOCKS - 1, NULL, EXT4_EX_NOCACHE); if (IS_ERR(path)) return PTR_ERR(path); depth = path->p_depth; extent = path[depth].p_ext; if (!extent) goto out; stop = le32_to_cpu(extent->ee_block); /* * For left shifts, make sure the hole on the left is big enough to * accommodate the shift. For right shifts, make sure the last extent * won't be shifted beyond EXT_MAX_BLOCKS. */ if (SHIFT == SHIFT_LEFT) { path = ext4_find_extent(inode, start - 1, &path, EXT4_EX_NOCACHE); if (IS_ERR(path)) return PTR_ERR(path); depth = path->p_depth; extent = path[depth].p_ext; if (extent) { ex_start = le32_to_cpu(extent->ee_block); ex_end = le32_to_cpu(extent->ee_block) + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(extent); } else { ex_start = 0; ex_end = 0; } if ((start == ex_start && shift > ex_start) || (shift > start - ex_end)) { ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } } else { if (shift > EXT_MAX_BLOCKS - (stop + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(extent))) { ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } } /* * In case of left shift, iterator points to start and it is increased * till we reach stop. In case of right shift, iterator points to stop * and it is decreased till we reach start. */ again: if (SHIFT == SHIFT_LEFT) iterator = &start; else iterator = &stop; if (tmp != EXT_MAX_BLOCKS) *iterator = tmp; /* * Its safe to start updating extents. Start and stop are unsigned, so * in case of right shift if extent with 0 block is reached, iterator * becomes NULL to indicate the end of the loop. */ while (iterator && start <= stop) { path = ext4_find_extent(inode, *iterator, &path, EXT4_EX_NOCACHE); if (IS_ERR(path)) return PTR_ERR(path); depth = path->p_depth; extent = path[depth].p_ext; if (!extent) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "unexpected hole at %lu", (unsigned long) *iterator); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } if (SHIFT == SHIFT_LEFT && *iterator > le32_to_cpu(extent->ee_block)) { /* Hole, move to the next extent */ if (extent < EXT_LAST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr)) { path[depth].p_ext++; } else { *iterator = ext4_ext_next_allocated_block(path); continue; } } tmp = *iterator; if (SHIFT == SHIFT_LEFT) { extent = EXT_LAST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr); *iterator = le32_to_cpu(extent->ee_block) + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(extent); } else { extent = EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr); if (le32_to_cpu(extent->ee_block) > 0) *iterator = le32_to_cpu(extent->ee_block) - 1; else /* Beginning is reached, end of the loop */ iterator = NULL; /* Update path extent in case we need to stop */ while (le32_to_cpu(extent->ee_block) < start) extent++; path[depth].p_ext = extent; } ret = ext4_ext_shift_path_extents(path, shift, inode, handle, SHIFT); /* iterator can be NULL which means we should break */ if (ret == -EAGAIN) goto again; if (ret) break; } out: ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); return ret; } /* * ext4_collapse_range: * This implements the fallocate's collapse range functionality for ext4 * Returns: 0 and non-zero on error. */ static int ext4_collapse_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t len) { struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; ext4_lblk_t punch_start, punch_stop; handle_t *handle; unsigned int credits; loff_t new_size, ioffset; int ret; /* * We need to test this early because xfstests assumes that a * collapse range of (0, 1) will return EOPNOTSUPP if the file * system does not support collapse range. */ if (!ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; /* Collapse range works only on fs cluster size aligned regions. */ if (!IS_ALIGNED(offset | len, EXT4_CLUSTER_SIZE(sb))) return -EINVAL; trace_ext4_collapse_range(inode, offset, len); punch_start = offset >> EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(sb); punch_stop = (offset + len) >> EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(sb); /* Call ext4_force_commit to flush all data in case of data=journal. */ if (ext4_should_journal_data(inode)) { ret = ext4_force_commit(inode->i_sb); if (ret) return ret; } inode_lock(inode); /* * There is no need to overlap collapse range with EOF, in which case * it is effectively a truncate operation */ if (offset + len >= inode->i_size) { ret = -EINVAL; goto out_mutex; } /* Currently just for extent based files */ if (!ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)) { ret = -EOPNOTSUPP; goto out_mutex; } /* Wait for existing dio to complete */ inode_dio_wait(inode); /* * Prevent page faults from reinstantiating pages we have released from * page cache. */ down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); ret = ext4_break_layouts(inode); if (ret) goto out_mmap; /* * Need to round down offset to be aligned with page size boundary * for page size > block size. */ ioffset = round_down(offset, PAGE_SIZE); /* * Write tail of the last page before removed range since it will get * removed from the page cache below. */ ret = filemap_write_and_wait_range(inode->i_mapping, ioffset, offset); if (ret) goto out_mmap; /* * Write data that will be shifted to preserve them when discarding * page cache below. We are also protected from pages becoming dirty * by i_mmap_sem. */ ret = filemap_write_and_wait_range(inode->i_mapping, offset + len, LLONG_MAX); if (ret) goto out_mmap; truncate_pagecache(inode, ioffset); credits = ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(inode); handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_TRUNCATE, credits); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { ret = PTR_ERR(handle); goto out_mmap; } ext4_fc_start_ineligible(sb, EXT4_FC_REASON_FALLOC_RANGE); down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); ext4_discard_preallocations(inode, 0); ret = ext4_es_remove_extent(inode, punch_start, EXT_MAX_BLOCKS - punch_start); if (ret) { up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); goto out_stop; } ret = ext4_ext_remove_space(inode, punch_start, punch_stop - 1); if (ret) { up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); goto out_stop; } ext4_discard_preallocations(inode, 0); ret = ext4_ext_shift_extents(inode, handle, punch_stop, punch_stop - punch_start, SHIFT_LEFT); if (ret) { up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); goto out_stop; } new_size = inode->i_size - len; i_size_write(inode, new_size); EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize = new_size; up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); if (IS_SYNC(inode)) ext4_handle_sync(handle); inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode); ret = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); ext4_update_inode_fsync_trans(handle, inode, 1); out_stop: ext4_journal_stop(handle); ext4_fc_stop_ineligible(sb); out_mmap: up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); out_mutex: inode_unlock(inode); return ret; } /* * ext4_insert_range: * This function implements the FALLOC_FL_INSERT_RANGE flag of fallocate. * The data blocks starting from @offset to the EOF are shifted by @len * towards right to create a hole in the @inode. Inode size is increased * by len bytes. * Returns 0 on success, error otherwise. */ static int ext4_insert_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t len) { struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; handle_t *handle; struct ext4_ext_path *path; struct ext4_extent *extent; ext4_lblk_t offset_lblk, len_lblk, ee_start_lblk = 0; unsigned int credits, ee_len; int ret = 0, depth, split_flag = 0; loff_t ioffset; /* * We need to test this early because xfstests assumes that an * insert range of (0, 1) will return EOPNOTSUPP if the file * system does not support insert range. */ if (!ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; /* Insert range works only on fs cluster size aligned regions. */ if (!IS_ALIGNED(offset | len, EXT4_CLUSTER_SIZE(sb))) return -EINVAL; trace_ext4_insert_range(inode, offset, len); offset_lblk = offset >> EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(sb); len_lblk = len >> EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(sb); /* Call ext4_force_commit to flush all data in case of data=journal */ if (ext4_should_journal_data(inode)) { ret = ext4_force_commit(inode->i_sb); if (ret) return ret; } inode_lock(inode); /* Currently just for extent based files */ if (!ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)) { ret = -EOPNOTSUPP; goto out_mutex; } /* Check whether the maximum file size would be exceeded */ if (len > inode->i_sb->s_maxbytes - inode->i_size) { ret = -EFBIG; goto out_mutex; } /* Offset must be less than i_size */ if (offset >= inode->i_size) { ret = -EINVAL; goto out_mutex; } /* Wait for existing dio to complete */ inode_dio_wait(inode); /* * Prevent page faults from reinstantiating pages we have released from * page cache. */ down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); ret = ext4_break_layouts(inode); if (ret) goto out_mmap; /* * Need to round down to align start offset to page size boundary * for page size > block size. */ ioffset = round_down(offset, PAGE_SIZE); /* Write out all dirty pages */ ret = filemap_write_and_wait_range(inode->i_mapping, ioffset, LLONG_MAX); if (ret) goto out_mmap; truncate_pagecache(inode, ioffset); credits = ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(inode); handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_TRUNCATE, credits); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { ret = PTR_ERR(handle); goto out_mmap; } ext4_fc_start_ineligible(sb, EXT4_FC_REASON_FALLOC_RANGE); /* Expand file to avoid data loss if there is error while shifting */ inode->i_size += len; EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize += len; inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode); ret = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (ret) goto out_stop; down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); ext4_discard_preallocations(inode, 0); path = ext4_find_extent(inode, offset_lblk, NULL, 0); if (IS_ERR(path)) { up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); goto out_stop; } depth = ext_depth(inode); extent = path[depth].p_ext; if (extent) { ee_start_lblk = le32_to_cpu(extent->ee_block); ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(extent); /* * If offset_lblk is not the starting block of extent, split * the extent @offset_lblk */ if ((offset_lblk > ee_start_lblk) && (offset_lblk < (ee_start_lblk + ee_len))) { if (ext4_ext_is_unwritten(extent)) split_flag = EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT1 | EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT2; ret = ext4_split_extent_at(handle, inode, &path, offset_lblk, split_flag, EXT4_EX_NOCACHE | EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO | EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_METADATA_NOFAIL); } ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); if (ret < 0) { up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); goto out_stop; } } else { ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); } ret = ext4_es_remove_extent(inode, offset_lblk, EXT_MAX_BLOCKS - offset_lblk); if (ret) { up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); goto out_stop; } /* * if offset_lblk lies in a hole which is at start of file, use * ee_start_lblk to shift extents */ ret = ext4_ext_shift_extents(inode, handle, ee_start_lblk > offset_lblk ? ee_start_lblk : offset_lblk, len_lblk, SHIFT_RIGHT); up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); if (IS_SYNC(inode)) ext4_handle_sync(handle); if (ret >= 0) ext4_update_inode_fsync_trans(handle, inode, 1); out_stop: ext4_journal_stop(handle); ext4_fc_stop_ineligible(sb); out_mmap: up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); out_mutex: inode_unlock(inode); return ret; } /** * ext4_swap_extents() - Swap extents between two inodes * @handle: handle for this transaction * @inode1: First inode * @inode2: Second inode * @lblk1: Start block for first inode * @lblk2: Start block for second inode * @count: Number of blocks to swap * @unwritten: Mark second inode's extents as unwritten after swap * @erp: Pointer to save error value * * This helper routine does exactly what is promise "swap extents". All other * stuff such as page-cache locking consistency, bh mapping consistency or * extent's data copying must be performed by caller. * Locking: * i_mutex is held for both inodes * i_data_sem is locked for write for both inodes * Assumptions: * All pages from requested range are locked for both inodes */ int ext4_swap_extents(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode1, struct inode *inode2, ext4_lblk_t lblk1, ext4_lblk_t lblk2, ext4_lblk_t count, int unwritten, int *erp) { struct ext4_ext_path *path1 = NULL; struct ext4_ext_path *path2 = NULL; int replaced_count = 0; BUG_ON(!rwsem_is_locked(&EXT4_I(inode1)->i_data_sem)); BUG_ON(!rwsem_is_locked(&EXT4_I(inode2)->i_data_sem)); BUG_ON(!inode_is_locked(inode1)); BUG_ON(!inode_is_locked(inode2)); *erp = ext4_es_remove_extent(inode1, lblk1, count); if (unlikely(*erp)) return 0; *erp = ext4_es_remove_extent(inode2, lblk2, count); if (unlikely(*erp)) return 0; while (count) { struct ext4_extent *ex1, *ex2, tmp_ex; ext4_lblk_t e1_blk, e2_blk; int e1_len, e2_len, len; int split = 0; path1 = ext4_find_extent(inode1, lblk1, NULL, EXT4_EX_NOCACHE); if (IS_ERR(path1)) { *erp = PTR_ERR(path1); path1 = NULL; finish: count = 0; goto repeat; } path2 = ext4_find_extent(inode2, lblk2, NULL, EXT4_EX_NOCACHE); if (IS_ERR(path2)) { *erp = PTR_ERR(path2); path2 = NULL; goto finish; } ex1 = path1[path1->p_depth].p_ext; ex2 = path2[path2->p_depth].p_ext; /* Do we have something to swap ? */ if (unlikely(!ex2 || !ex1)) goto finish; e1_blk = le32_to_cpu(ex1->ee_block); e2_blk = le32_to_cpu(ex2->ee_block); e1_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex1); e2_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex2); /* Hole handling */ if (!in_range(lblk1, e1_blk, e1_len) || !in_range(lblk2, e2_blk, e2_len)) { ext4_lblk_t next1, next2; /* if hole after extent, then go to next extent */ next1 = ext4_ext_next_allocated_block(path1); next2 = ext4_ext_next_allocated_block(path2); /* If hole before extent, then shift to that extent */ if (e1_blk > lblk1) next1 = e1_blk; if (e2_blk > lblk2) next2 = e2_blk; /* Do we have something to swap */ if (next1 == EXT_MAX_BLOCKS || next2 == EXT_MAX_BLOCKS) goto finish; /* Move to the rightest boundary */ len = next1 - lblk1; if (len < next2 - lblk2) len = next2 - lblk2; if (len > count) len = count; lblk1 += len; lblk2 += len; count -= len; goto repeat; } /* Prepare left boundary */ if (e1_blk < lblk1) { split = 1; *erp = ext4_force_split_extent_at(handle, inode1, &path1, lblk1, 0); if (unlikely(*erp)) goto finish; } if (e2_blk < lblk2) { split = 1; *erp = ext4_force_split_extent_at(handle, inode2, &path2, lblk2, 0); if (unlikely(*erp)) goto finish; } /* ext4_split_extent_at() may result in leaf extent split, * path must to be revalidated. */ if (split) goto repeat; /* Prepare right boundary */ len = count; if (len > e1_blk + e1_len - lblk1) len = e1_blk + e1_len - lblk1; if (len > e2_blk + e2_len - lblk2) len = e2_blk + e2_len - lblk2; if (len != e1_len) { split = 1; *erp = ext4_force_split_extent_at(handle, inode1, &path1, lblk1 + len, 0); if (unlikely(*erp)) goto finish; } if (len != e2_len) { split = 1; *erp = ext4_force_split_extent_at(handle, inode2, &path2, lblk2 + len, 0); if (*erp) goto finish; } /* ext4_split_extent_at() may result in leaf extent split, * path must to be revalidated. */ if (split) goto repeat; BUG_ON(e2_len != e1_len); *erp = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode1, path1 + path1->p_depth); if (unlikely(*erp)) goto finish; *erp = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode2, path2 + path2->p_depth); if (unlikely(*erp)) goto finish; /* Both extents are fully inside boundaries. Swap it now */ tmp_ex = *ex1; ext4_ext_store_pblock(ex1, ext4_ext_pblock(ex2)); ext4_ext_store_pblock(ex2, ext4_ext_pblock(&tmp_ex)); ex1->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(e2_len); ex2->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(e1_len); if (unwritten) ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(ex2); if (ext4_ext_is_unwritten(&tmp_ex)) ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(ex1); ext4_ext_try_to_merge(handle, inode2, path2, ex2); ext4_ext_try_to_merge(handle, inode1, path1, ex1); *erp = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode2, path2 + path2->p_depth); if (unlikely(*erp)) goto finish; *erp = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode1, path1 + path1->p_depth); /* * Looks scarry ah..? second inode already points to new blocks, * and it was successfully dirtied. But luckily error may happen * only due to journal error, so full transaction will be * aborted anyway. */ if (unlikely(*erp)) goto finish; lblk1 += len; lblk2 += len; replaced_count += len; count -= len; repeat: ext4_ext_drop_refs(path1); kfree(path1); ext4_ext_drop_refs(path2); kfree(path2); path1 = path2 = NULL; } return replaced_count; } /* * ext4_clu_mapped - determine whether any block in a logical cluster has * been mapped to a physical cluster * * @inode - file containing the logical cluster * @lclu - logical cluster of interest * * Returns 1 if any block in the logical cluster is mapped, signifying * that a physical cluster has been allocated for it. Otherwise, * returns 0. Can also return negative error codes. Derived from * ext4_ext_map_blocks(). */ int ext4_clu_mapped(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lclu) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); struct ext4_ext_path *path; int depth, mapped = 0, err = 0; struct ext4_extent *extent; ext4_lblk_t first_lblk, first_lclu, last_lclu; /* search for the extent closest to the first block in the cluster */ path = ext4_find_extent(inode, EXT4_C2B(sbi, lclu), NULL, 0); if (IS_ERR(path)) { err = PTR_ERR(path); path = NULL; goto out; } depth = ext_depth(inode); /* * A consistent leaf must not be empty. This situation is possible, * though, _during_ tree modification, and it's why an assert can't * be put in ext4_find_extent(). */ if (unlikely(path[depth].p_ext == NULL && depth != 0)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "bad extent address - lblock: %lu, depth: %d, pblock: %lld", (unsigned long) EXT4_C2B(sbi, lclu), depth, path[depth].p_block); err = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto out; } extent = path[depth].p_ext; /* can't be mapped if the extent tree is empty */ if (extent == NULL) goto out; first_lblk = le32_to_cpu(extent->ee_block); first_lclu = EXT4_B2C(sbi, first_lblk); /* * Three possible outcomes at this point - found extent spanning * the target cluster, to the left of the target cluster, or to the * right of the target cluster. The first two cases are handled here. * The last case indicates the target cluster is not mapped. */ if (lclu >= first_lclu) { last_lclu = EXT4_B2C(sbi, first_lblk + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(extent) - 1); if (lclu <= last_lclu) { mapped = 1; } else { first_lblk = ext4_ext_next_allocated_block(path); first_lclu = EXT4_B2C(sbi, first_lblk); if (lclu == first_lclu) mapped = 1; } } out: ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); return err ? err : mapped; } /* * Updates physical block address and unwritten status of extent * starting at lblk start and of len. If such an extent doesn't exist, * this function splits the extent tree appropriately to create an * extent like this. This function is called in the fast commit * replay path. Returns 0 on success and error on failure. */ int ext4_ext_replay_update_ex(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t start, int len, int unwritten, ext4_fsblk_t pblk) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = NULL, *ppath; struct ext4_extent *ex; int ret; path = ext4_find_extent(inode, start, NULL, 0); if (IS_ERR(path)) return PTR_ERR(path); ex = path[path->p_depth].p_ext; if (!ex) { ret = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto out; } if (le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) != start || ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex) != len) { /* We need to split this extent to match our extent first */ ppath = path; down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); ret = ext4_force_split_extent_at(NULL, inode, &ppath, start, 1); up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); if (ret) goto out; kfree(path); path = ext4_find_extent(inode, start, NULL, 0); if (IS_ERR(path)) return -1; ppath = path; ex = path[path->p_depth].p_ext; WARN_ON(le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) != start); if (ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex) != len) { down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); ret = ext4_force_split_extent_at(NULL, inode, &ppath, start + len, 1); up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); if (ret) goto out; kfree(path); path = ext4_find_extent(inode, start, NULL, 0); if (IS_ERR(path)) return -EINVAL; ex = path[path->p_depth].p_ext; } } if (unwritten) ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(ex); else ext4_ext_mark_initialized(ex); ext4_ext_store_pblock(ex, pblk); down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); ret = ext4_ext_dirty(NULL, inode, &path[path->p_depth]); up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); out: ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); ext4_mark_inode_dirty(NULL, inode); return ret; } /* Try to shrink the extent tree */ void ext4_ext_replay_shrink_inode(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t end) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = NULL; struct ext4_extent *ex; ext4_lblk_t old_cur, cur = 0; while (cur < end) { path = ext4_find_extent(inode, cur, NULL, 0); if (IS_ERR(path)) return; ex = path[path->p_depth].p_ext; if (!ex) { ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); ext4_mark_inode_dirty(NULL, inode); return; } old_cur = cur; cur = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); if (cur <= old_cur) cur = old_cur + 1; ext4_ext_try_to_merge(NULL, inode, path, ex); down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); ext4_ext_dirty(NULL, inode, &path[path->p_depth]); up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); ext4_mark_inode_dirty(NULL, inode); ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); } } /* Check if *cur is a hole and if it is, skip it */ static int skip_hole(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t *cur) { int ret; struct ext4_map_blocks map; map.m_lblk = *cur; map.m_len = ((inode->i_size) >> inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits) - *cur; ret = ext4_map_blocks(NULL, inode, &map, 0); if (ret < 0) return ret; if (ret != 0) return 0; *cur = *cur + map.m_len; return 0; } /* Count number of blocks used by this inode and update i_blocks */ int ext4_ext_replay_set_iblocks(struct inode *inode) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = NULL, *path2 = NULL; struct ext4_extent *ex; ext4_lblk_t cur = 0, end; int numblks = 0, i, ret = 0; ext4_fsblk_t cmp1, cmp2; struct ext4_map_blocks map; /* Determin the size of the file first */ path = ext4_find_extent(inode, EXT_MAX_BLOCKS - 1, NULL, EXT4_EX_NOCACHE); if (IS_ERR(path)) return PTR_ERR(path); ex = path[path->p_depth].p_ext; if (!ex) { ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); goto out; } end = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); /* Count the number of data blocks */ cur = 0; while (cur < end) { map.m_lblk = cur; map.m_len = end - cur; ret = ext4_map_blocks(NULL, inode, &map, 0); if (ret < 0) break; if (ret > 0) numblks += ret; cur = cur + map.m_len; } /* * Count the number of extent tree blocks. We do it by looking up * two successive extents and determining the difference between * their paths. When path is different for 2 successive extents * we compare the blocks in the path at each level and increment * iblocks by total number of differences found. */ cur = 0; ret = skip_hole(inode, &cur); if (ret < 0) goto out; path = ext4_find_extent(inode, cur, NULL, 0); if (IS_ERR(path)) goto out; numblks += path->p_depth; ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); while (cur < end) { path = ext4_find_extent(inode, cur, NULL, 0); if (IS_ERR(path)) break; ex = path[path->p_depth].p_ext; if (!ex) { ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); return 0; } cur = max(cur + 1, le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex)); ret = skip_hole(inode, &cur); if (ret < 0) { ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); break; } path2 = ext4_find_extent(inode, cur, NULL, 0); if (IS_ERR(path2)) { ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); break; } ex = path2[path2->p_depth].p_ext; for (i = 0; i <= max(path->p_depth, path2->p_depth); i++) { cmp1 = cmp2 = 0; if (i <= path->p_depth) cmp1 = path[i].p_bh ? path[i].p_bh->b_blocknr : 0; if (i <= path2->p_depth) cmp2 = path2[i].p_bh ? path2[i].p_bh->b_blocknr : 0; if (cmp1 != cmp2 && cmp2 != 0) numblks++; } ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); ext4_ext_drop_refs(path2); kfree(path); kfree(path2); } out: inode->i_blocks = numblks << (inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits - 9); ext4_mark_inode_dirty(NULL, inode); return 0; } int ext4_ext_clear_bb(struct inode *inode) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = NULL; struct ext4_extent *ex; ext4_lblk_t cur = 0, end; int j, ret = 0; struct ext4_map_blocks map; /* Determin the size of the file first */ path = ext4_find_extent(inode, EXT_MAX_BLOCKS - 1, NULL, EXT4_EX_NOCACHE); if (IS_ERR(path)) return PTR_ERR(path); ex = path[path->p_depth].p_ext; if (!ex) { ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); return 0; } end = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); cur = 0; while (cur < end) { map.m_lblk = cur; map.m_len = end - cur; ret = ext4_map_blocks(NULL, inode, &map, 0); if (ret < 0) break; if (ret > 0) { path = ext4_find_extent(inode, map.m_lblk, NULL, 0); if (!IS_ERR_OR_NULL(path)) { for (j = 0; j < path->p_depth; j++) { ext4_mb_mark_bb(inode->i_sb, path[j].p_block, 1, 0); } ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); } ext4_mb_mark_bb(inode->i_sb, map.m_pblk, map.m_len, 0); } cur = cur + map.m_len; } return 0; }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __CPUHOTPLUG_H #define __CPUHOTPLUG_H #include <linux/types.h> /* * CPU-up CPU-down * * BP AP BP AP * * OFFLINE OFFLINE * | ^ * v | * BRINGUP_CPU->AP_OFFLINE BRINGUP_CPU <- AP_IDLE_DEAD (idle thread/play_dead) * | AP_OFFLINE * v (IRQ-off) ,---------------^ * AP_ONLNE | (stop_machine) * | TEARDOWN_CPU <- AP_ONLINE_IDLE * | ^ * v | * AP_ACTIVE AP_ACTIVE */ enum cpuhp_state { CPUHP_INVALID = -1, CPUHP_OFFLINE = 0, CPUHP_CREATE_THREADS, CPUHP_PERF_PREPARE, CPUHP_PERF_X86_PREPARE, CPUHP_PERF_X86_AMD_UNCORE_PREP, CPUHP_PERF_POWER, CPUHP_PERF_SUPERH, CPUHP_X86_HPET_DEAD, CPUHP_X86_APB_DEAD, CPUHP_X86_MCE_DEAD, CPUHP_VIRT_NET_DEAD, CPUHP_SLUB_DEAD, CPUHP_DEBUG_OBJ_DEAD, CPUHP_MM_WRITEBACK_DEAD, CPUHP_MM_VMSTAT_DEAD, CPUHP_SOFTIRQ_DEAD, CPUHP_NET_MVNETA_DEAD, CPUHP_CPUIDLE_DEAD, CPUHP_ARM64_FPSIMD_DEAD, CPUHP_ARM_OMAP_WAKE_DEAD, CPUHP_IRQ_POLL_DEAD, CPUHP_BLOCK_SOFTIRQ_DEAD, CPUHP_ACPI_CPUDRV_DEAD, CPUHP_S390_PFAULT_DEAD, CPUHP_BLK_MQ_DEAD, CPUHP_FS_BUFF_DEAD, CPUHP_PRINTK_DEAD, CPUHP_MM_MEMCQ_DEAD, CPUHP_PERCPU_CNT_DEAD, CPUHP_RADIX_DEAD, CPUHP_PAGE_ALLOC_DEAD, CPUHP_NET_DEV_DEAD, CPUHP_PCI_XGENE_DEAD, CPUHP_IOMMU_INTEL_DEAD, CPUHP_LUSTRE_CFS_DEAD, CPUHP_AP_ARM_CACHE_B15_RAC_DEAD, CPUHP_PADATA_DEAD, CPUHP_WORKQUEUE_PREP, CPUHP_POWER_NUMA_PREPARE, CPUHP_HRTIMERS_PREPARE, CPUHP_PROFILE_PREPARE, CPUHP_X2APIC_PREPARE, CPUHP_SMPCFD_PREPARE, CPUHP_RELAY_PREPARE, CPUHP_SLAB_PREPARE, CPUHP_MD_RAID5_PREPARE, CPUHP_RCUTREE_PREP, CPUHP_CPUIDLE_COUPLED_PREPARE, CPUHP_POWERPC_PMAC_PREPARE, CPUHP_POWERPC_MMU_CTX_PREPARE, CPUHP_XEN_PREPARE, CPUHP_XEN_EVTCHN_PREPARE, CPUHP_ARM_SHMOBILE_SCU_PREPARE, CPUHP_SH_SH3X_PREPARE, CPUHP_NET_FLOW_PREPARE, CPUHP_TOPOLOGY_PREPARE, CPUHP_NET_IUCV_PREPARE, CPUHP_ARM_BL_PREPARE, CPUHP_TRACE_RB_PREPARE, CPUHP_MM_ZS_PREPARE, CPUHP_MM_ZSWP_MEM_PREPARE, CPUHP_MM_ZSWP_POOL_PREPARE, CPUHP_KVM_PPC_BOOK3S_PREPARE, CPUHP_ZCOMP_PREPARE, CPUHP_TIMERS_PREPARE, CPUHP_MIPS_SOC_PREPARE, CPUHP_BP_PREPARE_DYN, CPUHP_BP_PREPARE_DYN_END = CPUHP_BP_PREPARE_DYN + 20, CPUHP_BRINGUP_CPU, CPUHP_AP_IDLE_DEAD, CPUHP_AP_OFFLINE, CPUHP_AP_SCHED_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_RCUTREE_DYING, CPUHP_AP_CPU_PM_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_IRQ_GIC_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_IRQ_HIP04_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_IRQ_ARMADA_XP_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_IRQ_BCM2836_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_IRQ_MIPS_GIC_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_IRQ_RISCV_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_IRQ_SIFIVE_PLIC_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_ARM_MVEBU_COHERENCY, CPUHP_AP_MICROCODE_LOADER, CPUHP_AP_PERF_X86_AMD_UNCORE_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_PERF_X86_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_PERF_X86_AMD_IBS_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_PERF_X86_CQM_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_PERF_X86_CSTATE_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_PERF_XTENSA_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_MIPS_OP_LOONGSON3_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_ARM_SDEI_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_ARM_VFP_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_ARM64_DEBUG_MONITORS_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_PERF_ARM_HW_BREAKPOINT_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_PERF_ARM_ACPI_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_PERF_ARM_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_ARM_L2X0_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_EXYNOS4_MCT_TIMER_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_ARM_ARCH_TIMER_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_ARM_GLOBAL_TIMER_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_JCORE_TIMER_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_ARM_TWD_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_QCOM_TIMER_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_TEGRA_TIMER_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_ARMADA_TIMER_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_MARCO_TIMER_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_MIPS_GIC_TIMER_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_ARC_TIMER_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_RISCV_TIMER_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_CLINT_TIMER_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_CSKY_TIMER_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_TI_GP_TIMER_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_HYPERV_TIMER_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_KVM_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_KVM_ARM_VGIC_INIT_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_KVM_ARM_VGIC_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_KVM_ARM_TIMER_STARTING, /* Must be the last timer callback */ CPUHP_AP_DUMMY_TIMER_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_ARM_XEN_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_ARM_CORESIGHT_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_ARM_CORESIGHT_CTI_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_ARM64_ISNDEP_STARTING, CPUHP_AP_SMPCFD_DYING, CPUHP_AP_X86_TBOOT_DYING, CPUHP_AP_ARM_CACHE_B15_RAC_DYING, CPUHP_AP_ONLINE, CPUHP_TEARDOWN_CPU, CPUHP_AP_ONLINE_IDLE, CPUHP_AP_SMPBOOT_THREADS, CPUHP_AP_X86_VDSO_VMA_ONLINE, CPUHP_AP_IRQ_AFFINITY_ONLINE, CPUHP_AP_BLK_MQ_ONLINE, CPUHP_AP_ARM_MVEBU_SYNC_CLOCKS, CPUHP_AP_X86_INTEL_EPB_ONLINE, CPUHP_AP_PERF_ONLINE, CPUHP_AP_PERF_X86_ONLINE, CPUHP_AP_PERF_X86_UNCORE_ONLINE, CPUHP_AP_PERF_X86_AMD_UNCORE_ONLINE, CPUHP_AP_PERF_X86_AMD_POWER_ONLINE, CPUHP_AP_PERF_X86_RAPL_ONLINE, CPUHP_AP_PERF_X86_CQM_ONLINE, CPUHP_AP_PERF_X86_CSTATE_ONLINE, CPUHP_AP_PERF_S390_CF_ONLINE, CPUHP_AP_PERF_S390_SF_ONLINE, CPUHP_AP_PERF_ARM_CCI_ONLINE, CPUHP_AP_PERF_ARM_CCN_ONLINE, CPUHP_AP_PERF_ARM_HISI_DDRC_ONLINE, CPUHP_AP_PERF_ARM_HISI_HHA_ONLINE, CPUHP_AP_PERF_ARM_HISI_L3_ONLINE, CPUHP_AP_PERF_ARM_L2X0_ONLINE, CPUHP_AP_PERF_ARM_QCOM_L2_ONLINE, CPUHP_AP_PERF_ARM_QCOM_L3_ONLINE, CPUHP_AP_PERF_ARM_APM_XGENE_ONLINE, CPUHP_AP_PERF_ARM_CAVIUM_TX2_UNCORE_ONLINE, CPUHP_AP_PERF_POWERPC_NEST_IMC_ONLINE, CPUHP_AP_PERF_POWERPC_CORE_IMC_ONLINE, CPUHP_AP_PERF_POWERPC_THREAD_IMC_ONLINE, CPUHP_AP_PERF_POWERPC_TRACE_IMC_ONLINE, CPUHP_AP_PERF_POWERPC_HV_24x7_ONLINE, CPUHP_AP_PERF_POWERPC_HV_GPCI_ONLINE, CPUHP_AP_WATCHDOG_ONLINE, CPUHP_AP_WORKQUEUE_ONLINE, CPUHP_AP_RCUTREE_ONLINE, CPUHP_AP_BASE_CACHEINFO_ONLINE, CPUHP_AP_ONLINE_DYN, CPUHP_AP_ONLINE_DYN_END = CPUHP_AP_ONLINE_DYN + 30, CPUHP_AP_X86_HPET_ONLINE, CPUHP_AP_X86_KVM_CLK_ONLINE, CPUHP_AP_ACTIVE, CPUHP_ONLINE, }; int __cpuhp_setup_state(enum cpuhp_state state, const char *name, bool invoke, int (*startup)(unsigned int cpu), int (*teardown)(unsigned int cpu), bool multi_instance); int __cpuhp_setup_state_cpuslocked(enum cpuhp_state state, const char *name, bool invoke, int (*startup)(unsigned int cpu), int (*teardown)(unsigned int cpu), bool multi_instance); /** * cpuhp_setup_state - Setup hotplug state callbacks with calling the callbacks * @state: The state for which the calls are installed * @name: Name of the callback (will be used in debug output) * @startup: startup callback function * @teardown: teardown callback function * * Installs the callback functions and invokes the startup callback on * the present cpus which have already reached the @state. */ static inline int cpuhp_setup_state(enum cpuhp_state state, const char *name, int (*startup)(unsigned int cpu), int (*teardown)(unsigned int cpu)) { return __cpuhp_setup_state(state, name, true, startup, teardown, false); } static inline int cpuhp_setup_state_cpuslocked(enum cpuhp_state state, const char *name, int (*startup)(unsigned int cpu), int (*teardown)(unsigned int cpu)) { return __cpuhp_setup_state_cpuslocked(state, name, true, startup, teardown, false); } /** * cpuhp_setup_state_nocalls - Setup hotplug state callbacks without calling the * callbacks * @state: The state for which the calls are installed * @name: Name of the callback. * @startup: startup callback function * @teardown: teardown callback function * * Same as @cpuhp_setup_state except that no calls are executed are invoked * during installation of this callback. NOP if SMP=n or HOTPLUG_CPU=n. */ static inline int cpuhp_setup_state_nocalls(enum cpuhp_state state, const char *name, int (*startup)(unsigned int cpu), int (*teardown)(unsigned int cpu)) { return __cpuhp_setup_state(state, name, false, startup, teardown, false); } static inline int cpuhp_setup_state_nocalls_cpuslocked(enum cpuhp_state state, const char *name, int (*startup)(unsigned int cpu), int (*teardown)(unsigned int cpu)) { return __cpuhp_setup_state_cpuslocked(state, name, false, startup, teardown, false); } /** * cpuhp_setup_state_multi - Add callbacks for multi state * @state: The state for which the calls are installed * @name: Name of the callback. * @startup: startup callback function * @teardown: teardown callback function * * Sets the internal multi_instance flag and prepares a state to work as a multi * instance callback. No callbacks are invoked at this point. The callbacks are * invoked once an instance for this state are registered via * @cpuhp_state_add_instance or @cpuhp_state_add_instance_nocalls. */ static inline int cpuhp_setup_state_multi(enum cpuhp_state state, const char *name, int (*startup)(unsigned int cpu, struct hlist_node *node), int (*teardown)(unsigned int cpu, struct hlist_node *node)) { return __cpuhp_setup_state(state, name, false, (void *) startup, (void *) teardown, true); } int __cpuhp_state_add_instance(enum cpuhp_state state, struct hlist_node *node, bool invoke); int __cpuhp_state_add_instance_cpuslocked(enum cpuhp_state state, struct hlist_node *node, bool invoke); /** * cpuhp_state_add_instance - Add an instance for a state and invoke startup * callback. * @state: The state for which the instance is installed * @node: The node for this individual state. * * Installs the instance for the @state and invokes the startup callback on * the present cpus which have already reached the @state. The @state must have * been earlier marked as multi-instance by @cpuhp_setup_state_multi. */ static inline int cpuhp_state_add_instance(enum cpuhp_state state, struct hlist_node *node) { return __cpuhp_state_add_instance(state, node, true); } /** * cpuhp_state_add_instance_nocalls - Add an instance for a state without * invoking the startup callback. * @state: The state for which the instance is installed * @node: The node for this individual state. * * Installs the instance for the @state The @state must have been earlier * marked as multi-instance by @cpuhp_setup_state_multi. */ static inline int cpuhp_state_add_instance_nocalls(enum cpuhp_state state, struct hlist_node *node) { return __cpuhp_state_add_instance(state, node, false); } static inline int cpuhp_state_add_instance_nocalls_cpuslocked(enum cpuhp_state state, struct hlist_node *node) { return __cpuhp_state_add_instance_cpuslocked(state, node, false); } void __cpuhp_remove_state(enum cpuhp_state state, bool invoke); void __cpuhp_remove_state_cpuslocked(enum cpuhp_state state, bool invoke); /** * cpuhp_remove_state - Remove hotplug state callbacks and invoke the teardown * @state: The state for which the calls are removed * * Removes the callback functions and invokes the teardown callback on * the present cpus which have already reached the @state. */ static inline void cpuhp_remove_state(enum cpuhp_state state) { __cpuhp_remove_state(state, true); } /** * cpuhp_remove_state_nocalls - Remove hotplug state callbacks without invoking * teardown * @state: The state for which the calls are removed */ static inline void cpuhp_remove_state_nocalls(enum cpuhp_state state) { __cpuhp_remove_state(state, false); } static inline void cpuhp_remove_state_nocalls_cpuslocked(enum cpuhp_state state) { __cpuhp_remove_state_cpuslocked(state, false); } /** * cpuhp_remove_multi_state - Remove hotplug multi state callback * @state: The state for which the calls are removed * * Removes the callback functions from a multi state. This is the reverse of * cpuhp_setup_state_multi(). All instances should have been removed before * invoking this function. */ static inline void cpuhp_remove_multi_state(enum cpuhp_state state) { __cpuhp_remove_state(state, false); } int __cpuhp_state_remove_instance(enum cpuhp_state state, struct hlist_node *node, bool invoke); /** * cpuhp_state_remove_instance - Remove hotplug instance from state and invoke * the teardown callback * @state: The state from which the instance is removed * @node: The node for this individual state. * * Removes the instance and invokes the teardown callback on the present cpus * which have already reached the @state. */ static inline int cpuhp_state_remove_instance(enum cpuhp_state state, struct hlist_node *node) { return __cpuhp_state_remove_instance(state, node, true); } /** * cpuhp_state_remove_instance_nocalls - Remove hotplug instance from state * without invoking the reatdown callback * @state: The state from which the instance is removed * @node: The node for this individual state. * * Removes the instance without invoking the teardown callback. */ static inline int cpuhp_state_remove_instance_nocalls(enum cpuhp_state state, struct hlist_node *node) { return __cpuhp_state_remove_instance(state, node, false); } #ifdef CONFIG_SMP void cpuhp_online_idle(enum cpuhp_state state); #else static inline void cpuhp_online_idle(enum cpuhp_state state) { } #endif #endif
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1012 1013 1014 1015 1016 1017 1018 1019 1020 1021 1022 1023 1024 1025 1026 1027 1028 1029 1030 1031 1032 1033 1034 1035 1036 1037 1038 1039 1040 1041 1042 1043 1044 1045 1046 1047 1048 1049 1050 1051 1052 1053 1054 1055 1056 1057 1058 1059 1060 1061 1062 1063 1064 1065 1066 1067 1068 1069 1070 1071 1072 1073 1074 1075 1076 1077 1078 1079 1080 1081 1082 1083 1084 1085 1086 1087 1088 1089 1090 1091 1092 1093 1094 1095 1096 1097 1098 1099 1100 1101 1102 1103 1104 1105 1106 1107 1108 1109 1110 1111 1112 1113 1114 1115 1116 1117 1118 1119 1120 1121 1122 1123 1124 1125 1126 1127 1128 1129 1130 1131 1132 1133 1134 1135 1136 1137 1138 1139 1140 1141 1142 1143 1144 1145 1146 1147 1148 1149 1150 1151 1152 1153 1154 1155 1156 1157 1158 1159 1160 1161 1162 1163 1164 1165 1166 1167 1168 1169 1170 1171 1172 1173 1174 1175 1176 1177 1178 1179 1180 1181 1182 1183 1184 1185 1186 1187 1188 1189 1190 1191 1192 1193 1194 1195 1196 1197 1198 1199 1200 1201 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * linux/fs/file.c * * Copyright (C) 1998-1999, Stephen Tweedie and Bill Hawes * * Manage the dynamic fd arrays in the process files_struct. */ #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/fdtable.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/close_range.h> #include <net/sock.h> unsigned int sysctl_nr_open __read_mostly = 1024*1024; unsigned int sysctl_nr_open_min = BITS_PER_LONG; /* our min() is unusable in constant expressions ;-/ */ #define __const_min(x, y) ((x) < (y) ? (x) : (y)) unsigned int sysctl_nr_open_max = __const_min(INT_MAX, ~(size_t)0/sizeof(void *)) & -BITS_PER_LONG; static void __free_fdtable(struct fdtable *fdt) { kvfree(fdt->fd); kvfree(fdt->open_fds); kfree(fdt); } static void free_fdtable_rcu(struct rcu_head *rcu) { __free_fdtable(container_of(rcu, struct fdtable, rcu)); } #define BITBIT_NR(nr) BITS_TO_LONGS(BITS_TO_LONGS(nr)) #define BITBIT_SIZE(nr) (BITBIT_NR(nr) * sizeof(long)) /* * Copy 'count' fd bits from the old table to the new table and clear the extra * space if any. This does not copy the file pointers. Called with the files * spinlock held for write. */ static void copy_fd_bitmaps(struct fdtable *nfdt, struct fdtable *ofdt, unsigned int count) { unsigned int cpy, set; cpy = count / BITS_PER_BYTE; set = (nfdt->max_fds - count) / BITS_PER_BYTE; memcpy(nfdt->open_fds, ofdt->open_fds, cpy); memset((char *)nfdt->open_fds + cpy, 0, set); memcpy(nfdt->close_on_exec, ofdt->close_on_exec, cpy); memset((char *)nfdt->close_on_exec + cpy, 0, set); cpy = BITBIT_SIZE(count); set = BITBIT_SIZE(nfdt->max_fds) - cpy; memcpy(nfdt->full_fds_bits, ofdt->full_fds_bits, cpy); memset((char *)nfdt->full_fds_bits + cpy, 0, set); } /* * Copy all file descriptors from the old table to the new, expanded table and * clear the extra space. Called with the files spinlock held for write. */ static void copy_fdtable(struct fdtable *nfdt, struct fdtable *ofdt) { size_t cpy, set; BUG_ON(nfdt->max_fds < ofdt->max_fds); cpy = ofdt->max_fds * sizeof(struct file *); set = (nfdt->max_fds - ofdt->max_fds) * sizeof(struct file *); memcpy(nfdt->fd, ofdt->fd, cpy); memset((char *)nfdt->fd + cpy, 0, set); copy_fd_bitmaps(nfdt, ofdt, ofdt->max_fds); } static struct fdtable * alloc_fdtable(unsigned int nr) { struct fdtable *fdt; void *data; /* * Figure out how many fds we actually want to support in this fdtable. * Allocation steps are keyed to the size of the fdarray, since it * grows far faster than any of the other dynamic data. We try to fit * the fdarray into comfortable page-tuned chunks: starting at 1024B * and growing in powers of two from there on. */ nr /= (1024 / sizeof(struct file *)); nr = roundup_pow_of_two(nr + 1); nr *= (1024 / sizeof(struct file *)); /* * Note that this can drive nr *below* what we had passed if sysctl_nr_open * had been set lower between the check in expand_files() and here. Deal * with that in caller, it's cheaper that way. * * We make sure that nr remains a multiple of BITS_PER_LONG - otherwise * bitmaps handling below becomes unpleasant, to put it mildly... */ if (unlikely(nr > sysctl_nr_open)) nr = ((sysctl_nr_open - 1) | (BITS_PER_LONG - 1)) + 1; fdt = kmalloc(sizeof(struct fdtable), GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT); if (!fdt) goto out; fdt->max_fds = nr; data = kvmalloc_array(nr, sizeof(struct file *), GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT); if (!data) goto out_fdt; fdt->fd = data; data = kvmalloc(max_t(size_t, 2 * nr / BITS_PER_BYTE + BITBIT_SIZE(nr), L1_CACHE_BYTES), GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT); if (!data) goto out_arr; fdt->open_fds = data; data += nr / BITS_PER_BYTE; fdt->close_on_exec = data; data += nr / BITS_PER_BYTE; fdt->full_fds_bits = data; return fdt; out_arr: kvfree(fdt->fd); out_fdt: kfree(fdt); out: return NULL; } /* * Expand the file descriptor table. * This function will allocate a new fdtable and both fd array and fdset, of * the given size. * Return <0 error code on error; 1 on successful completion. * The files->file_lock should be held on entry, and will be held on exit. */ static int expand_fdtable(struct files_struct *files, unsigned int nr) __releases(files->file_lock) __acquires(files->file_lock) { struct fdtable *new_fdt, *cur_fdt; spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); new_fdt = alloc_fdtable(nr); /* make sure all __fd_install() have seen resize_in_progress * or have finished their rcu_read_lock_sched() section. */ if (atomic_read(&files->count) > 1) synchronize_rcu(); spin_lock(&files->file_lock); if (!new_fdt) return -ENOMEM; /* * extremely unlikely race - sysctl_nr_open decreased between the check in * caller and alloc_fdtable(). Cheaper to catch it here... */ if (unlikely(new_fdt->max_fds <= nr)) { __free_fdtable(new_fdt); return -EMFILE; } cur_fdt = files_fdtable(files); BUG_ON(nr < cur_fdt->max_fds); copy_fdtable(new_fdt, cur_fdt); rcu_assign_pointer(files->fdt, new_fdt); if (cur_fdt != &files->fdtab) call_rcu(&cur_fdt->rcu, free_fdtable_rcu); /* coupled with smp_rmb() in __fd_install() */ smp_wmb(); return 1; } /* * Expand files. * This function will expand the file structures, if the requested size exceeds * the current capacity and there is room for expansion. * Return <0 error code on error; 0 when nothing done; 1 when files were * expanded and execution may have blocked. * The files->file_lock should be held on entry, and will be held on exit. */ static int expand_files(struct files_struct *files, unsigned int nr) __releases(files->file_lock) __acquires(files->file_lock) { struct fdtable *fdt; int expanded = 0; repeat: fdt = files_fdtable(files); /* Do we need to expand? */ if (nr < fdt->max_fds) return expanded; /* Can we expand? */ if (nr >= sysctl_nr_open) return -EMFILE; if (unlikely(files->resize_in_progress)) { spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); expanded = 1; wait_event(files->resize_wait, !files->resize_in_progress); spin_lock(&files->file_lock); goto repeat; } /* All good, so we try */ files->resize_in_progress = true; expanded = expand_fdtable(files, nr); files->resize_in_progress = false; wake_up_all(&files->resize_wait); return expanded; } static inline void __set_close_on_exec(unsigned int fd, struct fdtable *fdt) { __set_bit(fd, fdt->close_on_exec); } static inline void __clear_close_on_exec(unsigned int fd, struct fdtable *fdt) { if (test_bit(fd, fdt->close_on_exec)) __clear_bit(fd, fdt->close_on_exec); } static inline void __set_open_fd(unsigned int fd, struct fdtable *fdt) { __set_bit(fd, fdt->open_fds); fd /= BITS_PER_LONG; if (!~fdt->open_fds[fd]) __set_bit(fd, fdt->full_fds_bits); } static inline void __clear_open_fd(unsigned int fd, struct fdtable *fdt) { __clear_bit(fd, fdt->open_fds); __clear_bit(fd / BITS_PER_LONG, fdt->full_fds_bits); } static unsigned int count_open_files(struct fdtable *fdt) { unsigned int size = fdt->max_fds; unsigned int i; /* Find the last open fd */ for (i = size / BITS_PER_LONG; i > 0; ) { if (fdt->open_fds[--i]) break; } i = (i + 1) * BITS_PER_LONG; return i; } static unsigned int sane_fdtable_size(struct fdtable *fdt, unsigned int max_fds) { unsigned int count; count = count_open_files(fdt); if (max_fds < NR_OPEN_DEFAULT) max_fds = NR_OPEN_DEFAULT; return min(count, max_fds); } /* * Allocate a new files structure and copy contents from the * passed in files structure. * errorp will be valid only when the returned files_struct is NULL. */ struct files_struct *dup_fd(struct files_struct *oldf, unsigned int max_fds, int *errorp) { struct files_struct *newf; struct file **old_fds, **new_fds; unsigned int open_files, i; struct fdtable *old_fdt, *new_fdt; *errorp = -ENOMEM; newf = kmem_cache_alloc(files_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (!newf) goto out; atomic_set(&newf->count, 1); spin_lock_init(&newf->file_lock); newf->resize_in_progress = false; init_waitqueue_head(&newf->resize_wait); newf->next_fd = 0; new_fdt = &newf->fdtab; new_fdt->max_fds = NR_OPEN_DEFAULT; new_fdt->close_on_exec = newf->close_on_exec_init; new_fdt->open_fds = newf->open_fds_init; new_fdt->full_fds_bits = newf->full_fds_bits_init; new_fdt->fd = &newf->fd_array[0]; spin_lock(&oldf->file_lock); old_fdt = files_fdtable(oldf); open_files = sane_fdtable_size(old_fdt, max_fds); /* * Check whether we need to allocate a larger fd array and fd set. */ while (unlikely(open_files > new_fdt->max_fds)) { spin_unlock(&oldf->file_lock); if (new_fdt != &newf->fdtab) __free_fdtable(new_fdt); new_fdt = alloc_fdtable(open_files - 1); if (!new_fdt) { *errorp = -ENOMEM; goto out_release; } /* beyond sysctl_nr_open; nothing to do */ if (unlikely(new_fdt->max_fds < open_files)) { __free_fdtable(new_fdt); *errorp = -EMFILE; goto out_release; } /* * Reacquire the oldf lock and a pointer to its fd table * who knows it may have a new bigger fd table. We need * the latest pointer. */ spin_lock(&oldf->file_lock); old_fdt = files_fdtable(oldf); open_files = sane_fdtable_size(old_fdt, max_fds); } copy_fd_bitmaps(new_fdt, old_fdt, open_files); old_fds = old_fdt->fd; new_fds = new_fdt->fd; for (i = open_files; i != 0; i--) { struct file *f = *old_fds++; if (f) { get_file(f); } else { /* * The fd may be claimed in the fd bitmap but not yet * instantiated in the files array if a sibling thread * is partway through open(). So make sure that this * fd is available to the new process. */ __clear_open_fd(open_files - i, new_fdt); } rcu_assign_pointer(*new_fds++, f); } spin_unlock(&oldf->file_lock); /* clear the remainder */ memset(new_fds, 0, (new_fdt->max_fds - open_files) * sizeof(struct file *)); rcu_assign_pointer(newf->fdt, new_fdt); return newf; out_release: kmem_cache_free(files_cachep, newf); out: return NULL; } static struct fdtable *close_files(struct files_struct * files) { /* * It is safe to dereference the fd table without RCU or * ->file_lock because this is the last reference to the * files structure. */ struct fdtable *fdt = rcu_dereference_raw(files->fdt); unsigned int i, j = 0; for (;;) { unsigned long set; i = j * BITS_PER_LONG; if (i >= fdt->max_fds) break; set = fdt->open_fds[j++]; while (set) { if (set & 1) { struct file * file = xchg(&fdt->fd[i], NULL); if (file) { filp_close(file, files); cond_resched(); } } i++; set >>= 1; } } return fdt; } struct files_struct *get_files_struct(struct task_struct *task) { struct files_struct *files; task_lock(task); files = task->files; if (files) atomic_inc(&files->count); task_unlock(task); return files; } void put_files_struct(struct files_struct *files) { if (atomic_dec_and_test(&files->count)) { struct fdtable *fdt = close_files(files); /* free the arrays if they are not embedded */ if (fdt != &files->fdtab) __free_fdtable(fdt); kmem_cache_free(files_cachep, files); } } void reset_files_struct(struct files_struct *files) { struct task_struct *tsk = current; struct files_struct *old; old = tsk->files; task_lock(tsk); tsk->files = files; task_unlock(tsk); put_files_struct(old); } void exit_files(struct task_struct *tsk) { struct files_struct * files = tsk->files; if (files) { task_lock(tsk); tsk->files = NULL; task_unlock(tsk); put_files_struct(files); } } struct files_struct init_files = { .count = ATOMIC_INIT(1), .fdt = &init_files.fdtab, .fdtab = { .max_fds = NR_OPEN_DEFAULT, .fd = &init_files.fd_array[0], .close_on_exec = init_files.close_on_exec_init, .open_fds = init_files.open_fds_init, .full_fds_bits = init_files.full_fds_bits_init, }, .file_lock = __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(init_files.file_lock), .resize_wait = __WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD_INITIALIZER(init_files.resize_wait), }; static unsigned int find_next_fd(struct fdtable *fdt, unsigned int start) { unsigned int maxfd = fdt->max_fds; unsigned int maxbit = maxfd / BITS_PER_LONG; unsigned int bitbit = start / BITS_PER_LONG; bitbit = find_next_zero_bit(fdt->full_fds_bits, maxbit, bitbit) * BITS_PER_LONG; if (bitbit > maxfd) return maxfd; if (bitbit > start) start = bitbit; return find_next_zero_bit(fdt->open_fds, maxfd, start); } /* * allocate a file descriptor, mark it busy. */ int __alloc_fd(struct files_struct *files, unsigned start, unsigned end, unsigned flags) { unsigned int fd; int error; struct fdtable *fdt; spin_lock(&files->file_lock); repeat: fdt = files_fdtable(files); fd = start; if (fd < files->next_fd) fd = files->next_fd; if (fd < fdt->max_fds) fd = find_next_fd(fdt, fd); /* * N.B. For clone tasks sharing a files structure, this test * will limit the total number of files that can be opened. */ error = -EMFILE; if (fd >= end) goto out; error = expand_files(files, fd); if (error < 0) goto out; /* * If we needed to expand the fs array we * might have blocked - try again. */ if (error) goto repeat; if (start <= files->next_fd) files->next_fd = fd + 1; __set_open_fd(fd, fdt); if (flags & O_CLOEXEC) __set_close_on_exec(fd, fdt); else __clear_close_on_exec(fd, fdt); error = fd; #if 1 /* Sanity check */ if (rcu_access_pointer(fdt->fd[fd]) != NULL) { printk(KERN_WARNING "alloc_fd: slot %d not NULL!\n", fd); rcu_assign_pointer(fdt->fd[fd], NULL); } #endif out: spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); return error; } static int alloc_fd(unsigned start, unsigned flags) { return __alloc_fd(current->files, start, rlimit(RLIMIT_NOFILE), flags); } int __get_unused_fd_flags(unsigned flags, unsigned long nofile) { return __alloc_fd(current->files, 0, nofile, flags); } int get_unused_fd_flags(unsigned flags) { return __get_unused_fd_flags(flags, rlimit(RLIMIT_NOFILE)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_unused_fd_flags); static void __put_unused_fd(struct files_struct *files, unsigned int fd) { struct fdtable *fdt = files_fdtable(files); __clear_open_fd(fd, fdt); if (fd < files->next_fd) files->next_fd = fd; } void put_unused_fd(unsigned int fd) { struct files_struct *files = current->files; spin_lock(&files->file_lock); __put_unused_fd(files, fd); spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(put_unused_fd); /* * Install a file pointer in the fd array. * * The VFS is full of places where we drop the files lock between * setting the open_fds bitmap and installing the file in the file * array. At any such point, we are vulnerable to a dup2() race * installing a file in the array before us. We need to detect this and * fput() the struct file we are about to overwrite in this case. * * It should never happen - if we allow dup2() do it, _really_ bad things * will follow. * * NOTE: __fd_install() variant is really, really low-level; don't * use it unless you are forced to by truly lousy API shoved down * your throat. 'files' *MUST* be either current->files or obtained * by get_files_struct(current) done by whoever had given it to you, * or really bad things will happen. Normally you want to use * fd_install() instead. */ void __fd_install(struct files_struct *files, unsigned int fd, struct file *file) { struct fdtable *fdt; rcu_read_lock_sched(); if (unlikely(files->resize_in_progress)) { rcu_read_unlock_sched(); spin_lock(&files->file_lock); fdt = files_fdtable(files); BUG_ON(fdt->fd[fd] != NULL); rcu_assign_pointer(fdt->fd[fd], file); spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); return; } /* coupled with smp_wmb() in expand_fdtable() */ smp_rmb(); fdt = rcu_dereference_sched(files->fdt); BUG_ON(fdt->fd[fd] != NULL); rcu_assign_pointer(fdt->fd[fd], file); rcu_read_unlock_sched(); } /* * This consumes the "file" refcount, so callers should treat it * as if they had called fput(file). */ void fd_install(unsigned int fd, struct file *file) { __fd_install(current->files, fd, file); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(fd_install); static struct file *pick_file(struct files_struct *files, unsigned fd) { struct file *file = NULL; struct fdtable *fdt; spin_lock(&files->file_lock); fdt = files_fdtable(files); if (fd >= fdt->max_fds) goto out_unlock; file = fdt->fd[fd]; if (!file) goto out_unlock; rcu_assign_pointer(fdt->fd[fd], NULL); __put_unused_fd(files, fd); out_unlock: spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); return file; } /* * The same warnings as for __alloc_fd()/__fd_install() apply here... */ int __close_fd(struct files_struct *files, unsigned fd) { struct file *file; file = pick_file(files, fd); if (!file) return -EBADF; return filp_close(file, files); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__close_fd); /* for ksys_close() */ /** * __close_range() - Close all file descriptors in a given range. * * @fd: starting file descriptor to close * @max_fd: last file descriptor to close * * This closes a range of file descriptors. All file descriptors * from @fd up to and including @max_fd are closed. */ int __close_range(unsigned fd, unsigned max_fd, unsigned int flags) { unsigned int cur_max; struct task_struct *me = current; struct files_struct *cur_fds = me->files, *fds = NULL; if (flags & ~CLOSE_RANGE_UNSHARE) return -EINVAL; if (fd > max_fd) return -EINVAL; rcu_read_lock(); cur_max = files_fdtable(cur_fds)->max_fds; rcu_read_unlock(); /* cap to last valid index into fdtable */ cur_max--; if (flags & CLOSE_RANGE_UNSHARE) { int ret; unsigned int max_unshare_fds = NR_OPEN_MAX; /* * If the requested range is greater than the current maximum, * we're closing everything so only copy all file descriptors * beneath the lowest file descriptor. */ if (max_fd >= cur_max) max_unshare_fds = fd; ret = unshare_fd(CLONE_FILES, max_unshare_fds, &fds); if (ret) return ret; /* * We used to share our file descriptor table, and have now * created a private one, make sure we're using it below. */ if (fds) swap(cur_fds, fds); } max_fd = min(max_fd, cur_max); while (fd <= max_fd) { struct file *file; file = pick_file(cur_fds, fd++); if (!file) continue; filp_close(file, cur_fds); cond_resched(); } if (fds) { /* * We're done closing the files we were supposed to. Time to install * the new file descriptor table and drop the old one. */ task_lock(me); me->files = cur_fds; task_unlock(me); put_files_struct(fds); } return 0; } /* * variant of __close_fd that gets a ref on the file for later fput. * The caller must ensure that filp_close() called on the file, and then * an fput(). */ int __close_fd_get_file(unsigned int fd, struct file **res) { struct files_struct *files = current->files; struct file *file; struct fdtable *fdt; spin_lock(&files->file_lock); fdt = files_fdtable(files); if (fd >= fdt->max_fds) goto out_unlock; file = fdt->fd[fd]; if (!file) goto out_unlock; rcu_assign_pointer(fdt->fd[fd], NULL); __put_unused_fd(files, fd); spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); get_file(file); *res = file; return 0; out_unlock: spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); *res = NULL; return -ENOENT; } void do_close_on_exec(struct files_struct *files) { unsigned i; struct fdtable *fdt; /* exec unshares first */ spin_lock(&files->file_lock); for (i = 0; ; i++) { unsigned long set; unsigned fd = i * BITS_PER_LONG; fdt = files_fdtable(files); if (fd >= fdt->max_fds) break; set = fdt->close_on_exec[i]; if (!set) continue; fdt->close_on_exec[i] = 0; for ( ; set ; fd++, set >>= 1) { struct file *file; if (!(set & 1)) continue; file = fdt->fd[fd]; if (!file) continue; rcu_assign_pointer(fdt->fd[fd], NULL); __put_unused_fd(files, fd); spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); filp_close(file, files); cond_resched(); spin_lock(&files->file_lock); } } spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); } static struct file *__fget_files(struct files_struct *files, unsigned int fd, fmode_t mask, unsigned int refs) { struct file *file; rcu_read_lock(); loop: file = fcheck_files(files, fd); if (file) { /* File object ref couldn't be taken. * dup2() atomicity guarantee is the reason * we loop to catch the new file (or NULL pointer) */ if (file->f_mode & mask) file = NULL; else if (!get_file_rcu_many(file, refs)) goto loop; else if (__fcheck_files(files, fd) != file) { fput_many(file, refs); goto loop; } } rcu_read_unlock(); return file; } static inline struct file *__fget(unsigned int fd, fmode_t mask, unsigned int refs) { return __fget_files(current->files, fd, mask, refs); } struct file *fget_many(unsigned int fd, unsigned int refs) { return __fget(fd, FMODE_PATH, refs); } struct file *fget(unsigned int fd) { return __fget(fd, FMODE_PATH, 1); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(fget); struct file *fget_raw(unsigned int fd) { return __fget(fd, 0, 1); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(fget_raw); struct file *fget_task(struct task_struct *task, unsigned int fd) { struct file *file = NULL; task_lock(task); if (task->files) file = __fget_files(task->files, fd, 0, 1); task_unlock(task); return file; } /* * Lightweight file lookup - no refcnt increment if fd table isn't shared. * * You can use this instead of fget if you satisfy all of the following * conditions: * 1) You must call fput_light before exiting the syscall and returning control * to userspace (i.e. you cannot remember the returned struct file * after * returning to userspace). * 2) You must not call filp_close on the returned struct file * in between * calls to fget_light and fput_light. * 3) You must not clone the current task in between the calls to fget_light * and fput_light. * * The fput_needed flag returned by fget_light should be passed to the * corresponding fput_light. */ static unsigned long __fget_light(unsigned int fd, fmode_t mask) { struct files_struct *files = current->files; struct file *file; if (atomic_read(&files->count) == 1) { file = __fcheck_files(files, fd); if (!file || unlikely(file->f_mode & mask)) return 0; return (unsigned long)file; } else { file = __fget(fd, mask, 1); if (!file) return 0; return FDPUT_FPUT | (unsigned long)file; } } unsigned long __fdget(unsigned int fd) { return __fget_light(fd, FMODE_PATH); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__fdget); unsigned long __fdget_raw(unsigned int fd) { return __fget_light(fd, 0); } unsigned long __fdget_pos(unsigned int fd) { unsigned long v = __fdget(fd); struct file *file = (struct file *)(v & ~3); if (file && (file->f_mode & FMODE_ATOMIC_POS)) { if (file_count(file) > 1) { v |= FDPUT_POS_UNLOCK; mutex_lock(&file->f_pos_lock); } } return v; } void __f_unlock_pos(struct file *f) { mutex_unlock(&f->f_pos_lock); } /* * We only lock f_pos if we have threads or if the file might be * shared with another process. In both cases we'll have an elevated * file count (done either by fdget() or by fork()). */ void set_close_on_exec(unsigned int fd, int flag) { struct files_struct *files = current->files; struct fdtable *fdt; spin_lock(&files->file_lock); fdt = files_fdtable(files); if (flag) __set_close_on_exec(fd, fdt); else __clear_close_on_exec(fd, fdt); spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); } bool get_close_on_exec(unsigned int fd) { struct files_struct *files = current->files; struct fdtable *fdt; bool res; rcu_read_lock(); fdt = files_fdtable(files); res = close_on_exec(fd, fdt); rcu_read_unlock(); return res; } static int do_dup2(struct files_struct *files, struct file *file, unsigned fd, unsigned flags) __releases(&files->file_lock) { struct file *tofree; struct fdtable *fdt; /* * We need to detect attempts to do dup2() over allocated but still * not finished descriptor. NB: OpenBSD avoids that at the price of * extra work in their equivalent of fget() - they insert struct * file immediately after grabbing descriptor, mark it larval if * more work (e.g. actual opening) is needed and make sure that * fget() treats larval files as absent. Potentially interesting, * but while extra work in fget() is trivial, locking implications * and amount of surgery on open()-related paths in VFS are not. * FreeBSD fails with -EBADF in the same situation, NetBSD "solution" * deadlocks in rather amusing ways, AFAICS. All of that is out of * scope of POSIX or SUS, since neither considers shared descriptor * tables and this condition does not arise without those. */ fdt = files_fdtable(files); tofree = fdt->fd[fd]; if (!tofree && fd_is_open(fd, fdt)) goto Ebusy; get_file(file); rcu_assign_pointer(fdt->fd[fd], file); __set_open_fd(fd, fdt); if (flags & O_CLOEXEC) __set_close_on_exec(fd, fdt); else __clear_close_on_exec(fd, fdt); spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); if (tofree) filp_close(tofree, files); return fd; Ebusy: spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); return -EBUSY; } int replace_fd(unsigned fd, struct file *file, unsigned flags) { int err; struct files_struct *files = current->files; if (!file) return __close_fd(files, fd); if (fd >= rlimit(RLIMIT_NOFILE)) return -EBADF; spin_lock(&files->file_lock); err = expand_files(files, fd); if (unlikely(err < 0)) goto out_unlock; return do_dup2(files, file, fd, flags); out_unlock: spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); return err; } /** * __receive_fd() - Install received file into file descriptor table * * @fd: fd to install into (if negative, a new fd will be allocated) * @file: struct file that was received from another process * @ufd: __user pointer to write new fd number to * @o_flags: the O_* flags to apply to the new fd entry * * Installs a received file into the file descriptor table, with appropriate * checks and count updates. Optionally writes the fd number to userspace, if * @ufd is non-NULL. * * This helper handles its own reference counting of the incoming * struct file. * * Returns newly install fd or -ve on error. */ int __receive_fd(int fd, struct file *file, int __user *ufd, unsigned int o_flags) { int new_fd; int error; error = security_file_receive(file); if (error) return error; if (fd < 0) { new_fd = get_unused_fd_flags(o_flags); if (new_fd < 0) return new_fd; } else { new_fd = fd; } if (ufd) { error = put_user(new_fd, ufd); if (error) { if (fd < 0) put_unused_fd(new_fd); return error; } } if (fd < 0) { fd_install(new_fd, get_file(file)); } else { error = replace_fd(new_fd, file, o_flags); if (error) return error; } /* Bump the sock usage counts, if any. */ __receive_sock(file); return new_fd; } static int ksys_dup3(unsigned int oldfd, unsigned int newfd, int flags) { int err = -EBADF; struct file *file; struct files_struct *files = current->files; if ((flags & ~O_CLOEXEC) != 0) return -EINVAL; if (unlikely(oldfd == newfd)) return -EINVAL; if (newfd >= rlimit(RLIMIT_NOFILE)) return -EBADF; spin_lock(&files->file_lock); err = expand_files(files, newfd); file = fcheck(oldfd); if (unlikely(!file)) goto Ebadf; if (unlikely(err < 0)) { if (err == -EMFILE) goto Ebadf; goto out_unlock; } return do_dup2(files, file, newfd, flags); Ebadf: err = -EBADF; out_unlock: spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); return err; } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(dup3, unsigned int, oldfd, unsigned int, newfd, int, flags) { return ksys_dup3(oldfd, newfd, flags); } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(dup2, unsigned int, oldfd, unsigned int, newfd) { if (unlikely(newfd == oldfd)) { /* corner case */ struct files_struct *files = current->files; int retval = oldfd; rcu_read_lock(); if (!fcheck_files(files, oldfd)) retval = -EBADF; rcu_read_unlock(); return retval; } return ksys_dup3(oldfd, newfd, 0); } SYSCALL_DEFINE1(dup, unsigned int, fildes) { int ret = -EBADF; struct file *file = fget_raw(fildes); if (file) { ret = get_unused_fd_flags(0); if (ret >= 0) fd_install(ret, file); else fput(file); } return ret; } int f_dupfd(unsigned int from, struct file *file, unsigned flags) { int err; if (from >= rlimit(RLIMIT_NOFILE)) return -EINVAL; err = alloc_fd(from, flags); if (err >= 0) { get_file(file); fd_install(err, file); } return err; } int iterate_fd(struct files_struct *files, unsigned n, int (*f)(const void *, struct file *, unsigned), const void *p) { struct fdtable *fdt; int res = 0; if (!files) return 0; spin_lock(&files->file_lock); for (fdt = files_fdtable(files); n < fdt->max_fds; n++) { struct file *file; file = rcu_dereference_check_fdtable(files, fdt->fd[n]); if (!file) continue; res = f(p, file, n); if (res) break; } spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iterate_fd);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Operations on the network namespace */ #ifndef __NET_NET_NAMESPACE_H #define __NET_NET_NAMESPACE_H #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> #include <net/flow.h> #include <net/netns/core.h> #include <net/netns/mib.h> #include <net/netns/unix.h> #include <net/netns/packet.h> #include <net/netns/ipv4.h> #include <net/netns/ipv6.h> #include <net/netns/nexthop.h> #include <net/netns/ieee802154_6lowpan.h> #include <net/netns/sctp.h> #include <net/netns/dccp.h> #include <net/netns/netfilter.h> #include <net/netns/x_tables.h> #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) || defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MODULE) #include <net/netns/conntrack.h> #endif #include <net/netns/nftables.h> #include <net/netns/xfrm.h> #include <net/netns/mpls.h> #include <net/netns/can.h> #include <net/netns/xdp.h> #include <net/netns/bpf.h> #include <linux/ns_common.h> #include <linux/idr.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/notifier.h> struct user_namespace; struct proc_dir_entry; struct net_device; struct sock; struct ctl_table_header; struct net_generic; struct uevent_sock; struct netns_ipvs; struct bpf_prog; #define NETDEV_HASHBITS 8 #define NETDEV_HASHENTRIES (1 << NETDEV_HASHBITS) struct net { /* First cache line can be often dirtied. * Do not place here read-mostly fields. */ refcount_t passive; /* To decide when the network * namespace should be freed. */ refcount_t count; /* To decided when the network * namespace should be shut down. */ spinlock_t rules_mod_lock; unsigned int dev_unreg_count; unsigned int dev_base_seq; /* protected by rtnl_mutex */ int ifindex; spinlock_t nsid_lock; atomic_t fnhe_genid; struct list_head list; /* list of network namespaces */ struct list_head exit_list; /* To linked to call pernet exit * methods on dead net ( * pernet_ops_rwsem read locked), * or to unregister pernet ops * (pernet_ops_rwsem write locked). */ struct llist_node cleanup_list; /* namespaces on death row */ #ifdef CONFIG_KEYS struct key_tag *key_domain; /* Key domain of operation tag */ #endif struct user_namespace *user_ns; /* Owning user namespace */ struct ucounts *ucounts; struct idr netns_ids; struct ns_common ns; struct list_head dev_base_head; struct proc_dir_entry *proc_net; struct proc_dir_entry *proc_net_stat; #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL struct ctl_table_set sysctls; #endif struct sock *rtnl; /* rtnetlink socket */ struct sock *genl_sock; struct uevent_sock *uevent_sock; /* uevent socket */ struct hlist_head *dev_name_head; struct hlist_head *dev_index_head; struct raw_notifier_head netdev_chain; /* Note that @hash_mix can be read millions times per second, * it is critical that it is on a read_mostly cache line. */ u32 hash_mix; struct net_device *loopback_dev; /* The loopback */ /* core fib_rules */ struct list_head rules_ops; struct netns_core core; struct netns_mib mib; struct netns_packet packet; struct netns_unix unx; struct netns_nexthop nexthop; struct netns_ipv4 ipv4; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) struct netns_ipv6 ipv6; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IEEE802154_6LOWPAN) struct netns_ieee802154_lowpan ieee802154_lowpan; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_IP_SCTP) || defined(CONFIG_IP_SCTP_MODULE) struct netns_sctp sctp; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_IP_DCCP) || defined(CONFIG_IP_DCCP_MODULE) struct netns_dccp dccp; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NETFILTER struct netns_nf nf; struct netns_xt xt; #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) || defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MODULE) struct netns_ct ct; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_NF_TABLES) || defined(CONFIG_NF_TABLES_MODULE) struct netns_nftables nft; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_DEFRAG_IPV6) struct netns_nf_frag nf_frag; struct ctl_table_header *nf_frag_frags_hdr; #endif struct sock *nfnl; struct sock *nfnl_stash; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NETFILTER_NETLINK_ACCT) struct list_head nfnl_acct_list; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_CT_NETLINK_TIMEOUT) struct list_head nfct_timeout_list; #endif #endif #ifdef CONFIG_WEXT_CORE struct sk_buff_head wext_nlevents; #endif struct net_generic __rcu *gen; /* Used to store attached BPF programs */ struct netns_bpf bpf; /* Note : following structs are cache line aligned */ #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM struct netns_xfrm xfrm; #endif atomic64_t net_cookie; /* written once */ #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IP_VS) struct netns_ipvs *ipvs; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MPLS) struct netns_mpls mpls; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CAN) struct netns_can can; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_XDP_SOCKETS struct netns_xdp xdp; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CRYPTO_USER) struct sock *crypto_nlsk; #endif struct sock *diag_nlsk; } __randomize_layout; #include <linux/seq_file_net.h> /* Init's network namespace */ extern struct net init_net; #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS struct net *copy_net_ns(unsigned long flags, struct user_namespace *user_ns, struct net *old_net); void net_ns_get_ownership(const struct net *net, kuid_t *uid, kgid_t *gid); void net_ns_barrier(void); struct ns_common *get_net_ns(struct ns_common *ns); #else /* CONFIG_NET_NS */ #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> static inline struct net *copy_net_ns(unsigned long flags, struct user_namespace *user_ns, struct net *old_net) { if (flags & CLONE_NEWNET) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); return old_net; } static inline void net_ns_get_ownership(const struct net *net, kuid_t *uid, kgid_t *gid) { *uid = GLOBAL_ROOT_UID; *gid = GLOBAL_ROOT_GID; } static inline void net_ns_barrier(void) {} static inline struct ns_common *get_net_ns(struct ns_common *ns) { return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } #endif /* CONFIG_NET_NS */ extern struct list_head net_namespace_list; struct net *get_net_ns_by_pid(pid_t pid); struct net *get_net_ns_by_fd(int fd); u64 __net_gen_cookie(struct net *net); #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL void ipx_register_sysctl(void); void ipx_unregister_sysctl(void); #else #define ipx_register_sysctl() #define ipx_unregister_sysctl() #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS void __put_net(struct net *net); static inline struct net *get_net(struct net *net) { refcount_inc(&net->count); return net; } static inline struct net *maybe_get_net(struct net *net) { /* Used when we know struct net exists but we * aren't guaranteed a previous reference count * exists. If the reference count is zero this * function fails and returns NULL. */ if (!refcount_inc_not_zero(&net->count)) net = NULL; return net; } static inline void put_net(struct net *net) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&net->count)) __put_net(net); } static inline int net_eq(const struct net *net1, const struct net *net2) { return net1 == net2; } static inline int check_net(const struct net *net) { return refcount_read(&net->count) != 0; } void net_drop_ns(void *); #else static inline struct net *get_net(struct net *net) { return net; } static inline void put_net(struct net *net) { } static inline struct net *maybe_get_net(struct net *net) { return net; } static inline int net_eq(const struct net *net1, const struct net *net2) { return 1; } static inline int check_net(const struct net *net) { return 1; } #define net_drop_ns NULL #endif typedef struct { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS struct net *net; #endif } possible_net_t; static inline void write_pnet(possible_net_t *pnet, struct net *net) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS pnet->net = net; #endif } static inline struct net *read_pnet(const possible_net_t *pnet) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS return pnet->net; #else return &init_net; #endif } /* Protected by net_rwsem */ #define for_each_net(VAR) \ list_for_each_entry(VAR, &net_namespace_list, list) #define for_each_net_continue_reverse(VAR) \ list_for_each_entry_continue_reverse(VAR, &net_namespace_list, list) #define for_each_net_rcu(VAR) \ list_for_each_entry_rcu(VAR, &net_namespace_list, list) #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS #define __net_init #define __net_exit #define __net_initdata #define __net_initconst #else #define __net_init __init #define __net_exit __ref #define __net_initdata __initdata #define __net_initconst __initconst #endif int peernet2id_alloc(struct net *net, struct net *peer, gfp_t gfp); int peernet2id(const struct net *net, struct net *peer); bool peernet_has_id(const struct net *net, struct net *peer); struct net *get_net_ns_by_id(const struct net *net, int id); struct pernet_operations { struct list_head list; /* * Below methods are called without any exclusive locks. * More than one net may be constructed and destructed * in parallel on several cpus. Every pernet_operations * have to keep in mind all other pernet_operations and * to introduce a locking, if they share common resources. * * The only time they are called with exclusive lock is * from register_pernet_subsys(), unregister_pernet_subsys() * register_pernet_device() and unregister_pernet_device(). * * Exit methods using blocking RCU primitives, such as * synchronize_rcu(), should be implemented via exit_batch. * Then, destruction of a group of net requires single * synchronize_rcu() related to these pernet_operations, * instead of separate synchronize_rcu() for every net. * Please, avoid synchronize_rcu() at all, where it's possible. * * Note that a combination of pre_exit() and exit() can * be used, since a synchronize_rcu() is guaranteed between * the calls. */ int (*init)(struct net *net); void (*pre_exit)(struct net *net); void (*exit)(struct net *net); void (*exit_batch)(struct list_head *net_exit_list); unsigned int *id; size_t size; }; /* * Use these carefully. If you implement a network device and it * needs per network namespace operations use device pernet operations, * otherwise use pernet subsys operations. * * Network interfaces need to be removed from a dying netns _before_ * subsys notifiers can be called, as most of the network code cleanup * (which is done from subsys notifiers) runs with the assumption that * dev_remove_pack has been called so no new packets will arrive during * and after the cleanup functions have been called. dev_remove_pack * is not per namespace so instead the guarantee of no more packets * arriving in a network namespace is provided by ensuring that all * network devices and all sockets have left the network namespace * before the cleanup methods are called. * * For the longest time the ipv4 icmp code was registered as a pernet * device which caused kernel oops, and panics during network * namespace cleanup. So please don't get this wrong. */ int register_pernet_subsys(struct pernet_operations *); void unregister_pernet_subsys(struct pernet_operations *); int register_pernet_device(struct pernet_operations *); void unregister_pernet_device(struct pernet_operations *); struct ctl_table; struct ctl_table_header; #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL int net_sysctl_init(void); struct ctl_table_header *register_net_sysctl(struct net *net, const char *path, struct ctl_table *table); void unregister_net_sysctl_table(struct ctl_table_header *header); #else static inline int net_sysctl_init(void) { return 0; } static inline struct ctl_table_header *register_net_sysctl(struct net *net, const char *path, struct ctl_table *table) { return NULL; } static inline void unregister_net_sysctl_table(struct ctl_table_header *header) { } #endif static inline int rt_genid_ipv4(const struct net *net) { return atomic_read(&net->ipv4.rt_genid); } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) static inline int rt_genid_ipv6(const struct net *net) { return atomic_read(&net->ipv6.fib6_sernum); } #endif static inline void rt_genid_bump_ipv4(struct net *net) { atomic_inc(&net->ipv4.rt_genid); } extern void (*__fib6_flush_trees)(struct net *net); static inline void rt_genid_bump_ipv6(struct net *net) { if (__fib6_flush_trees) __fib6_flush_trees(net); } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IEEE802154_6LOWPAN) static inline struct netns_ieee802154_lowpan * net_ieee802154_lowpan(struct net *net) { return &net->ieee802154_lowpan; } #endif /* For callers who don't really care about whether it's IPv4 or IPv6 */ static inline void rt_genid_bump_all(struct net *net) { rt_genid_bump_ipv4(net); rt_genid_bump_ipv6(net); } static inline int fnhe_genid(const struct net *net) { return atomic_read(&net->fnhe_genid); } static inline void fnhe_genid_bump(struct net *net) { atomic_inc(&net->fnhe_genid); } #endif /* __NET_NET_NAMESPACE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __FS_NOTIFY_FSNOTIFY_H_ #define __FS_NOTIFY_FSNOTIFY_H_ #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/fsnotify.h> #include <linux/srcu.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include "../mount.h" static inline struct inode *fsnotify_conn_inode( struct fsnotify_mark_connector *conn) { return container_of(conn->obj, struct inode, i_fsnotify_marks); } static inline struct mount *fsnotify_conn_mount( struct fsnotify_mark_connector *conn) { return container_of(conn->obj, struct mount, mnt_fsnotify_marks); } static inline struct super_block *fsnotify_conn_sb( struct fsnotify_mark_connector *conn) { return container_of(conn->obj, struct super_block, s_fsnotify_marks); } /* destroy all events sitting in this groups notification queue */ extern void fsnotify_flush_notify(struct fsnotify_group *group); /* protects reads of inode and vfsmount marks list */ extern struct srcu_struct fsnotify_mark_srcu; /* compare two groups for sorting of marks lists */ extern int fsnotify_compare_groups(struct fsnotify_group *a, struct fsnotify_group *b); /* Destroy all marks attached to an object via connector */ extern void fsnotify_destroy_marks(fsnotify_connp_t *connp); /* run the list of all marks associated with inode and destroy them */ static inline void fsnotify_clear_marks_by_inode(struct inode *inode) { fsnotify_destroy_marks(&inode->i_fsnotify_marks); } /* run the list of all marks associated with vfsmount and destroy them */ static inline void fsnotify_clear_marks_by_mount(struct vfsmount *mnt) { fsnotify_destroy_marks(&real_mount(mnt)->mnt_fsnotify_marks); } /* run the list of all marks associated with sb and destroy them */ static inline void fsnotify_clear_marks_by_sb(struct super_block *sb) { fsnotify_destroy_marks(&sb->s_fsnotify_marks); } /* * update the dentry->d_flags of all of inode's children to indicate if inode cares * about events that happen to its children. */ extern void __fsnotify_update_child_dentry_flags(struct inode *inode); /* allocate and destroy and event holder to attach events to notification/access queues */ extern struct fsnotify_event_holder *fsnotify_alloc_event_holder(void); extern void fsnotify_destroy_event_holder(struct fsnotify_event_holder *holder); extern struct kmem_cache *fsnotify_mark_connector_cachep; #endif /* __FS_NOTIFY_FSNOTIFY_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * AEAD: Authenticated Encryption with Associated Data * * Copyright (c) 2007-2015 Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au> */ #ifndef _CRYPTO_AEAD_H #define _CRYPTO_AEAD_H #include <linux/crypto.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/slab.h> /** * DOC: Authenticated Encryption With Associated Data (AEAD) Cipher API * * The AEAD cipher API is used with the ciphers of type CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_AEAD * (listed as type "aead" in /proc/crypto) * * The most prominent examples for this type of encryption is GCM and CCM. * However, the kernel supports other types of AEAD ciphers which are defined * with the following cipher string: * * authenc(keyed message digest, block cipher) * * For example: authenc(hmac(sha256), cbc(aes)) * * The example code provided for the symmetric key cipher operation * applies here as well. Naturally all *skcipher* symbols must be exchanged * the *aead* pendants discussed in the following. In addition, for the AEAD * operation, the aead_request_set_ad function must be used to set the * pointer to the associated data memory location before performing the * encryption or decryption operation. In case of an encryption, the associated * data memory is filled during the encryption operation. For decryption, the * associated data memory must contain data that is used to verify the integrity * of the decrypted data. Another deviation from the asynchronous block cipher * operation is that the caller should explicitly check for -EBADMSG of the * crypto_aead_decrypt. That error indicates an authentication error, i.e. * a breach in the integrity of the message. In essence, that -EBADMSG error * code is the key bonus an AEAD cipher has over "standard" block chaining * modes. * * Memory Structure: * * The source scatterlist must contain the concatenation of * associated data || plaintext or ciphertext. * * The destination scatterlist has the same layout, except that the plaintext * (resp. ciphertext) will grow (resp. shrink) by the authentication tag size * during encryption (resp. decryption). * * In-place encryption/decryption is enabled by using the same scatterlist * pointer for both the source and destination. * * Even in the out-of-place case, space must be reserved in the destination for * the associated data, even though it won't be written to. This makes the * in-place and out-of-place cases more consistent. It is permissible for the * "destination" associated data to alias the "source" associated data. * * As with the other scatterlist crypto APIs, zero-length scatterlist elements * are not allowed in the used part of the scatterlist. Thus, if there is no * associated data, the first element must point to the plaintext/ciphertext. * * To meet the needs of IPsec, a special quirk applies to rfc4106, rfc4309, * rfc4543, and rfc7539esp ciphers. For these ciphers, the final 'ivsize' bytes * of the associated data buffer must contain a second copy of the IV. This is * in addition to the copy passed to aead_request_set_crypt(). These two IV * copies must not differ; different implementations of the same algorithm may * behave differently in that case. Note that the algorithm might not actually * treat the IV as associated data; nevertheless the length passed to * aead_request_set_ad() must include it. */ struct crypto_aead; /** * struct aead_request - AEAD request * @base: Common attributes for async crypto requests * @assoclen: Length in bytes of associated data for authentication * @cryptlen: Length of data to be encrypted or decrypted * @iv: Initialisation vector * @src: Source data * @dst: Destination data * @__ctx: Start of private context data */ struct aead_request { struct crypto_async_request base; unsigned int assoclen; unsigned int cryptlen; u8 *iv; struct scatterlist *src; struct scatterlist *dst; void *__ctx[] CRYPTO_MINALIGN_ATTR; }; /** * struct aead_alg - AEAD cipher definition * @maxauthsize: Set the maximum authentication tag size supported by the * transformation. A transformation may support smaller tag sizes. * As the authentication tag is a message digest to ensure the * integrity of the encrypted data, a consumer typically wants the * largest authentication tag possible as defined by this * variable. * @setauthsize: Set authentication size for the AEAD transformation. This * function is used to specify the consumer requested size of the * authentication tag to be either generated by the transformation * during encryption or the size of the authentication tag to be * supplied during the decryption operation. This function is also * responsible for checking the authentication tag size for * validity. * @setkey: see struct skcipher_alg * @encrypt: see struct skcipher_alg * @decrypt: see struct skcipher_alg * @ivsize: see struct skcipher_alg * @chunksize: see struct skcipher_alg * @init: Initialize the cryptographic transformation object. This function * is used to initialize the cryptographic transformation object. * This function is called only once at the instantiation time, right * after the transformation context was allocated. In case the * cryptographic hardware has some special requirements which need to * be handled by software, this function shall check for the precise * requirement of the transformation and put any software fallbacks * in place. * @exit: Deinitialize the cryptographic transformation object. This is a * counterpart to @init, used to remove various changes set in * @init. * @base: Definition of a generic crypto cipher algorithm. * * All fields except @ivsize is mandatory and must be filled. */ struct aead_alg { int (*setkey)(struct crypto_aead *tfm, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen); int (*setauthsize)(struct crypto_aead *tfm, unsigned int authsize); int (*encrypt)(struct aead_request *req); int (*decrypt)(struct aead_request *req); int (*init)(struct crypto_aead *tfm); void (*exit)(struct crypto_aead *tfm); unsigned int ivsize; unsigned int maxauthsize; unsigned int chunksize; struct crypto_alg base; }; struct crypto_aead { unsigned int authsize; unsigned int reqsize; struct crypto_tfm base; }; static inline struct crypto_aead *__crypto_aead_cast(struct crypto_tfm *tfm) { return container_of(tfm, struct crypto_aead, base); } /** * crypto_alloc_aead() - allocate AEAD cipher handle * @alg_name: is the cra_name / name or cra_driver_name / driver name of the * AEAD cipher * @type: specifies the type of the cipher * @mask: specifies the mask for the cipher * * Allocate a cipher handle for an AEAD. The returned struct * crypto_aead is the cipher handle that is required for any subsequent * API invocation for that AEAD. * * Return: allocated cipher handle in case of success; IS_ERR() is true in case * of an error, PTR_ERR() returns the error code. */ struct crypto_aead *crypto_alloc_aead(const char *alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask); static inline struct crypto_tfm *crypto_aead_tfm(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { return &tfm->base; } /** * crypto_free_aead() - zeroize and free aead handle * @tfm: cipher handle to be freed * * If @tfm is a NULL or error pointer, this function does nothing. */ static inline void crypto_free_aead(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { crypto_destroy_tfm(tfm, crypto_aead_tfm(tfm)); } static inline struct aead_alg *crypto_aead_alg(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { return container_of(crypto_aead_tfm(tfm)->__crt_alg, struct aead_alg, base); } static inline unsigned int crypto_aead_alg_ivsize(struct aead_alg *alg) { return alg->ivsize; } /** * crypto_aead_ivsize() - obtain IV size * @tfm: cipher handle * * The size of the IV for the aead referenced by the cipher handle is * returned. This IV size may be zero if the cipher does not need an IV. * * Return: IV size in bytes */ static inline unsigned int crypto_aead_ivsize(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { return crypto_aead_alg_ivsize(crypto_aead_alg(tfm)); } /** * crypto_aead_authsize() - obtain maximum authentication data size * @tfm: cipher handle * * The maximum size of the authentication data for the AEAD cipher referenced * by the AEAD cipher handle is returned. The authentication data size may be * zero if the cipher implements a hard-coded maximum. * * The authentication data may also be known as "tag value". * * Return: authentication data size / tag size in bytes */ static inline unsigned int crypto_aead_authsize(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { return tfm->authsize; } static inline unsigned int crypto_aead_alg_maxauthsize(struct aead_alg *alg) { return alg->maxauthsize; } static inline unsigned int crypto_aead_maxauthsize(struct crypto_aead *aead) { return crypto_aead_alg_maxauthsize(crypto_aead_alg(aead)); } /** * crypto_aead_blocksize() - obtain block size of cipher * @tfm: cipher handle * * The block size for the AEAD referenced with the cipher handle is returned. * The caller may use that information to allocate appropriate memory for the * data returned by the encryption or decryption operation * * Return: block size of cipher */ static inline unsigned int crypto_aead_blocksize(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_blocksize(crypto_aead_tfm(tfm)); } static inline unsigned int crypto_aead_alignmask(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_alignmask(crypto_aead_tfm(tfm)); } static inline u32 crypto_aead_get_flags(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_get_flags(crypto_aead_tfm(tfm)); } static inline void crypto_aead_set_flags(struct crypto_aead *tfm, u32 flags) { crypto_tfm_set_flags(crypto_aead_tfm(tfm), flags); } static inline void crypto_aead_clear_flags(struct crypto_aead *tfm, u32 flags) { crypto_tfm_clear_flags(crypto_aead_tfm(tfm), flags); } /** * crypto_aead_setkey() - set key for cipher * @tfm: cipher handle * @key: buffer holding the key * @keylen: length of the key in bytes * * The caller provided key is set for the AEAD referenced by the cipher * handle. * * Note, the key length determines the cipher type. Many block ciphers implement * different cipher modes depending on the key size, such as AES-128 vs AES-192 * vs. AES-256. When providing a 16 byte key for an AES cipher handle, AES-128 * is performed. * * Return: 0 if the setting of the key was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ int crypto_aead_setkey(struct crypto_aead *tfm, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen); /** * crypto_aead_setauthsize() - set authentication data size * @tfm: cipher handle * @authsize: size of the authentication data / tag in bytes * * Set the authentication data size / tag size. AEAD requires an authentication * tag (or MAC) in addition to the associated data. * * Return: 0 if the setting of the key was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ int crypto_aead_setauthsize(struct crypto_aead *tfm, unsigned int authsize); static inline struct crypto_aead *crypto_aead_reqtfm(struct aead_request *req) { return __crypto_aead_cast(req->base.tfm); } /** * crypto_aead_encrypt() - encrypt plaintext * @req: reference to the aead_request handle that holds all information * needed to perform the cipher operation * * Encrypt plaintext data using the aead_request handle. That data structure * and how it is filled with data is discussed with the aead_request_* * functions. * * IMPORTANT NOTE The encryption operation creates the authentication data / * tag. That data is concatenated with the created ciphertext. * The ciphertext memory size is therefore the given number of * block cipher blocks + the size defined by the * crypto_aead_setauthsize invocation. The caller must ensure * that sufficient memory is available for the ciphertext and * the authentication tag. * * Return: 0 if the cipher operation was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ int crypto_aead_encrypt(struct aead_request *req); /** * crypto_aead_decrypt() - decrypt ciphertext * @req: reference to the aead_request handle that holds all information * needed to perform the cipher operation * * Decrypt ciphertext data using the aead_request handle. That data structure * and how it is filled with data is discussed with the aead_request_* * functions. * * IMPORTANT NOTE The caller must concatenate the ciphertext followed by the * authentication data / tag. That authentication data / tag * must have the size defined by the crypto_aead_setauthsize * invocation. * * * Return: 0 if the cipher operation was successful; -EBADMSG: The AEAD * cipher operation performs the authentication of the data during the * decryption operation. Therefore, the function returns this error if * the authentication of the ciphertext was unsuccessful (i.e. the * integrity of the ciphertext or the associated data was violated); * < 0 if an error occurred. */ int crypto_aead_decrypt(struct aead_request *req); /** * DOC: Asynchronous AEAD Request Handle * * The aead_request data structure contains all pointers to data required for * the AEAD cipher operation. This includes the cipher handle (which can be * used by multiple aead_request instances), pointer to plaintext and * ciphertext, asynchronous callback function, etc. It acts as a handle to the * aead_request_* API calls in a similar way as AEAD handle to the * crypto_aead_* API calls. */ /** * crypto_aead_reqsize() - obtain size of the request data structure * @tfm: cipher handle * * Return: number of bytes */ static inline unsigned int crypto_aead_reqsize(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { return tfm->reqsize; } /** * aead_request_set_tfm() - update cipher handle reference in request * @req: request handle to be modified * @tfm: cipher handle that shall be added to the request handle * * Allow the caller to replace the existing aead handle in the request * data structure with a different one. */ static inline void aead_request_set_tfm(struct aead_request *req, struct crypto_aead *tfm) { req->base.tfm = crypto_aead_tfm(tfm); } /** * aead_request_alloc() - allocate request data structure * @tfm: cipher handle to be registered with the request * @gfp: memory allocation flag that is handed to kmalloc by the API call. * * Allocate the request data structure that must be used with the AEAD * encrypt and decrypt API calls. During the allocation, the provided aead * handle is registered in the request data structure. * * Return: allocated request handle in case of success, or NULL if out of memory */ static inline struct aead_request *aead_request_alloc(struct crypto_aead *tfm, gfp_t gfp) { struct aead_request *req; req = kmalloc(sizeof(*req) + crypto_aead_reqsize(tfm), gfp); if (likely(req)) aead_request_set_tfm(req, tfm); return req; } /** * aead_request_free() - zeroize and free request data structure * @req: request data structure cipher handle to be freed */ static inline void aead_request_free(struct aead_request *req) { kfree_sensitive(req); } /** * aead_request_set_callback() - set asynchronous callback function * @req: request handle * @flags: specify zero or an ORing of the flags * CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_BACKLOG the request queue may back log and * increase the wait queue beyond the initial maximum size; * CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_SLEEP the request processing may sleep * @compl: callback function pointer to be registered with the request handle * @data: The data pointer refers to memory that is not used by the kernel * crypto API, but provided to the callback function for it to use. Here, * the caller can provide a reference to memory the callback function can * operate on. As the callback function is invoked asynchronously to the * related functionality, it may need to access data structures of the * related functionality which can be referenced using this pointer. The * callback function can access the memory via the "data" field in the * crypto_async_request data structure provided to the callback function. * * Setting the callback function that is triggered once the cipher operation * completes * * The callback function is registered with the aead_request handle and * must comply with the following template:: * * void callback_function(struct crypto_async_request *req, int error) */ static inline void aead_request_set_callback(struct aead_request *req, u32 flags, crypto_completion_t compl, void *data) { req->base.complete = compl; req->base.data = data; req->base.flags = flags; } /** * aead_request_set_crypt - set data buffers * @req: request handle * @src: source scatter / gather list * @dst: destination scatter / gather list * @cryptlen: number of bytes to process from @src * @iv: IV for the cipher operation which must comply with the IV size defined * by crypto_aead_ivsize() * * Setting the source data and destination data scatter / gather lists which * hold the associated data concatenated with the plaintext or ciphertext. See * below for the authentication tag. * * For encryption, the source is treated as the plaintext and the * destination is the ciphertext. For a decryption operation, the use is * reversed - the source is the ciphertext and the destination is the plaintext. * * The memory structure for cipher operation has the following structure: * * - AEAD encryption input: assoc data || plaintext * - AEAD encryption output: assoc data || cipherntext || auth tag * - AEAD decryption input: assoc data || ciphertext || auth tag * - AEAD decryption output: assoc data || plaintext * * Albeit the kernel requires the presence of the AAD buffer, however, * the kernel does not fill the AAD buffer in the output case. If the * caller wants to have that data buffer filled, the caller must either * use an in-place cipher operation (i.e. same memory location for * input/output memory location). */ static inline void aead_request_set_crypt(struct aead_request *req, struct scatterlist *src, struct scatterlist *dst, unsigned int cryptlen, u8 *iv) { req->src = src; req->dst = dst; req->cryptlen = cryptlen; req->iv = iv; } /** * aead_request_set_ad - set associated data information * @req: request handle * @assoclen: number of bytes in associated data * * Setting the AD information. This function sets the length of * the associated data. */ static inline void aead_request_set_ad(struct aead_request *req, unsigned int assoclen) { req->assoclen = assoclen; } #endif /* _CRYPTO_AEAD_H */
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1806 1807 1808 1809 1810 1811 1812 1813 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds * Copyright (C) 1994, Karl Keyte: Added support for disk statistics * Elevator latency, (C) 2000 Andrea Arcangeli <andrea@suse.de> SuSE * Queue request tables / lock, selectable elevator, Jens Axboe <axboe@suse.de> * kernel-doc documentation started by NeilBrown <neilb@cse.unsw.edu.au> * - July2000 * bio rewrite, highmem i/o, etc, Jens Axboe <axboe@suse.de> - may 2001 */ /* * This handles all read/write requests to block devices */ #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/backing-dev.h> #include <linux/bio.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/blk-mq.h> #include <linux/blk-pm.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/kernel_stat.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/completion.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/task_io_accounting_ops.h> #include <linux/fault-inject.h> #include <linux/list_sort.h> #include <linux/delay.h> #include <linux/ratelimit.h> #include <linux/pm_runtime.h> #include <linux/blk-cgroup.h> #include <linux/t10-pi.h> #include <linux/debugfs.h> #include <linux/bpf.h> #include <linux/psi.h> #include <linux/sched/sysctl.h> #include <linux/blk-crypto.h> #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <trace/events/block.h> #include "blk.h" #include "blk-mq.h" #include "blk-mq-sched.h" #include "blk-pm.h" #include "blk-rq-qos.h" struct dentry *blk_debugfs_root; EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL_GPL(block_bio_remap); EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL_GPL(block_rq_remap); EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL_GPL(block_bio_complete); EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL_GPL(block_split); EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL_GPL(block_unplug); DEFINE_IDA(blk_queue_ida); /* * For queue allocation */ struct kmem_cache *blk_requestq_cachep; /* * Controlling structure to kblockd */ static struct workqueue_struct *kblockd_workqueue; /** * blk_queue_flag_set - atomically set a queue flag * @flag: flag to be set * @q: request queue */ void blk_queue_flag_set(unsigned int flag, struct request_queue *q) { set_bit(flag, &q->queue_flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_flag_set); /** * blk_queue_flag_clear - atomically clear a queue flag * @flag: flag to be cleared * @q: request queue */ void blk_queue_flag_clear(unsigned int flag, struct request_queue *q) { clear_bit(flag, &q->queue_flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_flag_clear); /** * blk_queue_flag_test_and_set - atomically test and set a queue flag * @flag: flag to be set * @q: request queue * * Returns the previous value of @flag - 0 if the flag was not set and 1 if * the flag was already set. */ bool blk_queue_flag_test_and_set(unsigned int flag, struct request_queue *q) { return test_and_set_bit(flag, &q->queue_flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blk_queue_flag_test_and_set); void blk_rq_init(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq) { memset(rq, 0, sizeof(*rq)); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&rq->queuelist); rq->q = q; rq->__sector = (sector_t) -1; INIT_HLIST_NODE(&rq->hash); RB_CLEAR_NODE(&rq->rb_node); rq->tag = BLK_MQ_NO_TAG; rq->internal_tag = BLK_MQ_NO_TAG; rq->start_time_ns = ktime_get_ns(); rq->part = NULL; blk_crypto_rq_set_defaults(rq); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_rq_init); #define REQ_OP_NAME(name) [REQ_OP_##name] = #name static const char *const blk_op_name[] = { REQ_OP_NAME(READ), REQ_OP_NAME(WRITE), REQ_OP_NAME(FLUSH), REQ_OP_NAME(DISCARD), REQ_OP_NAME(SECURE_ERASE), REQ_OP_NAME(ZONE_RESET), REQ_OP_NAME(ZONE_RESET_ALL), REQ_OP_NAME(ZONE_OPEN), REQ_OP_NAME(ZONE_CLOSE), REQ_OP_NAME(ZONE_FINISH), REQ_OP_NAME(ZONE_APPEND), REQ_OP_NAME(WRITE_SAME), REQ_OP_NAME(WRITE_ZEROES), REQ_OP_NAME(SCSI_IN), REQ_OP_NAME(SCSI_OUT), REQ_OP_NAME(DRV_IN), REQ_OP_NAME(DRV_OUT), }; #undef REQ_OP_NAME /** * blk_op_str - Return string XXX in the REQ_OP_XXX. * @op: REQ_OP_XXX. * * Description: Centralize block layer function to convert REQ_OP_XXX into * string format. Useful in the debugging and tracing bio or request. For * invalid REQ_OP_XXX it returns string "UNKNOWN". */ inline const char *blk_op_str(unsigned int op) { const char *op_str = "UNKNOWN"; if (op < ARRAY_SIZE(blk_op_name) && blk_op_name[op]) op_str = blk_op_name[op]; return op_str; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blk_op_str); static const struct { int errno; const char *name; } blk_errors[] = { [BLK_STS_OK] = { 0, "" }, [BLK_STS_NOTSUPP] = { -EOPNOTSUPP, "operation not supported" }, [BLK_STS_TIMEOUT] = { -ETIMEDOUT, "timeout" }, [BLK_STS_NOSPC] = { -ENOSPC, "critical space allocation" }, [BLK_STS_TRANSPORT] = { -ENOLINK, "recoverable transport" }, [BLK_STS_TARGET] = { -EREMOTEIO, "critical target" }, [BLK_STS_NEXUS] = { -EBADE, "critical nexus" }, [BLK_STS_MEDIUM] = { -ENODATA, "critical medium" }, [BLK_STS_PROTECTION] = { -EILSEQ, "protection" }, [BLK_STS_RESOURCE] = { -ENOMEM, "kernel resource" }, [BLK_STS_DEV_RESOURCE] = { -EBUSY, "device resource" }, [BLK_STS_AGAIN] = { -EAGAIN, "nonblocking retry" }, /* device mapper special case, should not leak out: */ [BLK_STS_DM_REQUEUE] = { -EREMCHG, "dm internal retry" }, /* zone device specific errors */ [BLK_STS_ZONE_OPEN_RESOURCE] = { -ETOOMANYREFS, "open zones exceeded" }, [BLK_STS_ZONE_ACTIVE_RESOURCE] = { -EOVERFLOW, "active zones exceeded" }, /* everything else not covered above: */ [BLK_STS_IOERR] = { -EIO, "I/O" }, }; blk_status_t errno_to_blk_status(int errno) { int i; for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(blk_errors); i++) { if (blk_errors[i].errno == errno) return (__force blk_status_t)i; } return BLK_STS_IOERR; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(errno_to_blk_status); int blk_status_to_errno(blk_status_t status) { int idx = (__force int)status; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(idx >= ARRAY_SIZE(blk_errors))) return -EIO; return blk_errors[idx].errno; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blk_status_to_errno); static void print_req_error(struct request *req, blk_status_t status, const char *caller) { int idx = (__force int)status; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(idx >= ARRAY_SIZE(blk_errors))) return; printk_ratelimited(KERN_ERR "%s: %s error, dev %s, sector %llu op 0x%x:(%s) flags 0x%x " "phys_seg %u prio class %u\n", caller, blk_errors[idx].name, req->rq_disk ? req->rq_disk->disk_name : "?", blk_rq_pos(req), req_op(req), blk_op_str(req_op(req)), req->cmd_flags & ~REQ_OP_MASK, req->nr_phys_segments, IOPRIO_PRIO_CLASS(req->ioprio)); } static void req_bio_endio(struct request *rq, struct bio *bio, unsigned int nbytes, blk_status_t error) { if (error) bio->bi_status = error; if (unlikely(rq->rq_flags & RQF_QUIET)) bio_set_flag(bio, BIO_QUIET); bio_advance(bio, nbytes); if (req_op(rq) == REQ_OP_ZONE_APPEND && error == BLK_STS_OK) { /* * Partial zone append completions cannot be supported as the * BIO fragments may end up not being written sequentially. */ if (bio->bi_iter.bi_size) bio->bi_status = BLK_STS_IOERR; else bio->bi_iter.bi_sector = rq->__sector; } /* don't actually finish bio if it's part of flush sequence */ if (bio->bi_iter.bi_size == 0 && !(rq->rq_flags & RQF_FLUSH_SEQ)) bio_endio(bio); } void blk_dump_rq_flags(struct request *rq, char *msg) { printk(KERN_INFO "%s: dev %s: flags=%llx\n", msg, rq->rq_disk ? rq->rq_disk->disk_name : "?", (unsigned long long) rq->cmd_flags); printk(KERN_INFO " sector %llu, nr/cnr %u/%u\n", (unsigned long long)blk_rq_pos(rq), blk_rq_sectors(rq), blk_rq_cur_sectors(rq)); printk(KERN_INFO " bio %p, biotail %p, len %u\n", rq->bio, rq->biotail, blk_rq_bytes(rq)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_dump_rq_flags); /** * blk_sync_queue - cancel any pending callbacks on a queue * @q: the queue * * Description: * The block layer may perform asynchronous callback activity * on a queue, such as calling the unplug function after a timeout. * A block device may call blk_sync_queue to ensure that any * such activity is cancelled, thus allowing it to release resources * that the callbacks might use. The caller must already have made sure * that its ->submit_bio will not re-add plugging prior to calling * this function. * * This function does not cancel any asynchronous activity arising * out of elevator or throttling code. That would require elevator_exit() * and blkcg_exit_queue() to be called with queue lock initialized. * */ void blk_sync_queue(struct request_queue *q) { del_timer_sync(&q->timeout); cancel_work_sync(&q->timeout_work); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_sync_queue); /** * blk_set_pm_only - increment pm_only counter * @q: request queue pointer */ void blk_set_pm_only(struct request_queue *q) { atomic_inc(&q->pm_only); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blk_set_pm_only); void blk_clear_pm_only(struct request_queue *q) { int pm_only; pm_only = atomic_dec_return(&q->pm_only); WARN_ON_ONCE(pm_only < 0); if (pm_only == 0) wake_up_all(&q->mq_freeze_wq); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blk_clear_pm_only); /** * blk_put_queue - decrement the request_queue refcount * @q: the request_queue structure to decrement the refcount for * * Decrements the refcount of the request_queue kobject. When this reaches 0 * we'll have blk_release_queue() called. * * Context: Any context, but the last reference must not be dropped from * atomic context. */ void blk_put_queue(struct request_queue *q) { kobject_put(&q->kobj); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_put_queue); void blk_set_queue_dying(struct request_queue *q) { blk_queue_flag_set(QUEUE_FLAG_DYING, q); /* * When queue DYING flag is set, we need to block new req * entering queue, so we call blk_freeze_queue_start() to * prevent I/O from crossing blk_queue_enter(). */ blk_freeze_queue_start(q); if (queue_is_mq(q)) blk_mq_wake_waiters(q); /* Make blk_queue_enter() reexamine the DYING flag. */ wake_up_all(&q->mq_freeze_wq); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blk_set_queue_dying); /** * blk_cleanup_queue - shutdown a request queue * @q: request queue to shutdown * * Mark @q DYING, drain all pending requests, mark @q DEAD, destroy and * put it. All future requests will be failed immediately with -ENODEV. * * Context: can sleep */ void blk_cleanup_queue(struct request_queue *q) { /* cannot be called from atomic context */ might_sleep(); WARN_ON_ONCE(blk_queue_registered(q)); /* mark @q DYING, no new request or merges will be allowed afterwards */ blk_set_queue_dying(q); blk_queue_flag_set(QUEUE_FLAG_NOMERGES, q); blk_queue_flag_set(QUEUE_FLAG_NOXMERGES, q); /* * Drain all requests queued before DYING marking. Set DEAD flag to * prevent that blk_mq_run_hw_queues() accesses the hardware queues * after draining finished. */ blk_freeze_queue(q); rq_qos_exit(q); blk_queue_flag_set(QUEUE_FLAG_DEAD, q); /* for synchronous bio-based driver finish in-flight integrity i/o */ blk_flush_integrity(); /* @q won't process any more request, flush async actions */ del_timer_sync(&q->backing_dev_info->laptop_mode_wb_timer); blk_sync_queue(q); if (queue_is_mq(q)) blk_mq_exit_queue(q); /* * In theory, request pool of sched_tags belongs to request queue. * However, the current implementation requires tag_set for freeing * requests, so free the pool now. * * Queue has become frozen, there can't be any in-queue requests, so * it is safe to free requests now. */ mutex_lock(&q->sysfs_lock); if (q->elevator) blk_mq_sched_free_requests(q); mutex_unlock(&q->sysfs_lock); percpu_ref_exit(&q->q_usage_counter); /* @q is and will stay empty, shutdown and put */ blk_put_queue(q); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_cleanup_queue); /** * blk_queue_enter() - try to increase q->q_usage_counter * @q: request queue pointer * @flags: BLK_MQ_REQ_NOWAIT and/or BLK_MQ_REQ_PM */ int blk_queue_enter(struct request_queue *q, blk_mq_req_flags_t flags) { const bool pm = flags & BLK_MQ_REQ_PM; while (true) { bool success = false; rcu_read_lock(); if (percpu_ref_tryget_live(&q->q_usage_counter)) { /* * The code that increments the pm_only counter is * responsible for ensuring that that counter is * globally visible before the queue is unfrozen. */ if ((pm && queue_rpm_status(q) != RPM_SUSPENDED) || !blk_queue_pm_only(q)) { success = true; } else { percpu_ref_put(&q->q_usage_counter); } } rcu_read_unlock(); if (success) return 0; if (flags & BLK_MQ_REQ_NOWAIT) return -EBUSY; /* * read pair of barrier in blk_freeze_queue_start(), * we need to order reading __PERCPU_REF_DEAD flag of * .q_usage_counter and reading .mq_freeze_depth or * queue dying flag, otherwise the following wait may * never return if the two reads are reordered. */ smp_rmb(); wait_event(q->mq_freeze_wq, (!q->mq_freeze_depth && blk_pm_resume_queue(pm, q)) || blk_queue_dying(q)); if (blk_queue_dying(q)) return -ENODEV; } } static inline int bio_queue_enter(struct bio *bio) { struct request_queue *q = bio->bi_disk->queue; bool nowait = bio->bi_opf & REQ_NOWAIT; int ret; ret = blk_queue_enter(q, nowait ? BLK_MQ_REQ_NOWAIT : 0); if (unlikely(ret)) { if (nowait && !blk_queue_dying(q)) bio_wouldblock_error(bio); else bio_io_error(bio); } return ret; } void blk_queue_exit(struct request_queue *q) { percpu_ref_put(&q->q_usage_counter); } static void blk_queue_usage_counter_release(struct percpu_ref *ref) { struct request_queue *q = container_of(ref, struct request_queue, q_usage_counter); wake_up_all(&q->mq_freeze_wq); } static void blk_rq_timed_out_timer(struct timer_list *t) { struct request_queue *q = from_timer(q, t, timeout); kblockd_schedule_work(&q->timeout_work); } static void blk_timeout_work(struct work_struct *work) { } struct request_queue *blk_alloc_queue(int node_id) { struct request_queue *q; int ret; q = kmem_cache_alloc_node(blk_requestq_cachep, GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO, node_id); if (!q) return NULL; q->last_merge = NULL; q->id = ida_simple_get(&blk_queue_ida, 0, 0, GFP_KERNEL); if (q->id < 0) goto fail_q; ret = bioset_init(&q->bio_split, BIO_POOL_SIZE, 0, BIOSET_NEED_BVECS); if (ret) goto fail_id; q->backing_dev_info = bdi_alloc(node_id); if (!q->backing_dev_info) goto fail_split; q->stats = blk_alloc_queue_stats(); if (!q->stats) goto fail_stats; q->node = node_id; atomic_set(&q->nr_active_requests_shared_sbitmap, 0); timer_setup(&q->backing_dev_info->laptop_mode_wb_timer, laptop_mode_timer_fn, 0); timer_setup(&q->timeout, blk_rq_timed_out_timer, 0); INIT_WORK(&q->timeout_work, blk_timeout_work); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&q->icq_list); #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP INIT_LIST_HEAD(&q->blkg_list); #endif kobject_init(&q->kobj, &blk_queue_ktype); mutex_init(&q->debugfs_mutex); mutex_init(&q->sysfs_lock); mutex_init(&q->sysfs_dir_lock); spin_lock_init(&q->queue_lock); init_waitqueue_head(&q->mq_freeze_wq); mutex_init(&q->mq_freeze_lock); /* * Init percpu_ref in atomic mode so that it's faster to shutdown. * See blk_register_queue() for details. */ if (percpu_ref_init(&q->q_usage_counter, blk_queue_usage_counter_release, PERCPU_REF_INIT_ATOMIC, GFP_KERNEL)) goto fail_bdi; if (blkcg_init_queue(q)) goto fail_ref; blk_queue_dma_alignment(q, 511); blk_set_default_limits(&q->limits); q->nr_requests = BLKDEV_MAX_RQ; return q; fail_ref: percpu_ref_exit(&q->q_usage_counter); fail_bdi: blk_free_queue_stats(q->stats); fail_stats: bdi_put(q->backing_dev_info); fail_split: bioset_exit(&q->bio_split); fail_id: ida_simple_remove(&blk_queue_ida, q->id); fail_q: kmem_cache_free(blk_requestq_cachep, q); return NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_alloc_queue); /** * blk_get_queue - increment the request_queue refcount * @q: the request_queue structure to increment the refcount for * * Increment the refcount of the request_queue kobject. * * Context: Any context. */ bool blk_get_queue(struct request_queue *q) { if (likely(!blk_queue_dying(q))) { __blk_get_queue(q); return true; } return false; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_get_queue); /** * blk_get_request - allocate a request * @q: request queue to allocate a request for * @op: operation (REQ_OP_*) and REQ_* flags, e.g. REQ_SYNC. * @flags: BLK_MQ_REQ_* flags, e.g. BLK_MQ_REQ_NOWAIT. */ struct request *blk_get_request(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int op, blk_mq_req_flags_t flags) { struct request *req; WARN_ON_ONCE(op & REQ_NOWAIT); WARN_ON_ONCE(flags & ~(BLK_MQ_REQ_NOWAIT | BLK_MQ_REQ_PM)); req = blk_mq_alloc_request(q, op, flags); if (!IS_ERR(req) && q->mq_ops->initialize_rq_fn) q->mq_ops->initialize_rq_fn(req); return req; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_get_request); void blk_put_request(struct request *req) { blk_mq_free_request(req); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_put_request); static void handle_bad_sector(struct bio *bio, sector_t maxsector) { char b[BDEVNAME_SIZE]; pr_info_ratelimited("attempt to access beyond end of device\n" "%s: rw=%d, want=%llu, limit=%llu\n", bio_devname(bio, b), bio->bi_opf, bio_end_sector(bio), maxsector); } #ifdef CONFIG_FAIL_MAKE_REQUEST static DECLARE_FAULT_ATTR(fail_make_request); static int __init setup_fail_make_request(char *str) { return setup_fault_attr(&fail_make_request, str); } __setup("fail_make_request=", setup_fail_make_request); static bool should_fail_request(struct hd_struct *part, unsigned int bytes) { return part->make_it_fail && should_fail(&fail_make_request, bytes); } static int __init fail_make_request_debugfs(void) { struct dentry *dir = fault_create_debugfs_attr("fail_make_request", NULL, &fail_make_request); return PTR_ERR_OR_ZERO(dir); } late_initcall(fail_make_request_debugfs); #else /* CONFIG_FAIL_MAKE_REQUEST */ static inline bool should_fail_request(struct hd_struct *part, unsigned int bytes) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_FAIL_MAKE_REQUEST */ static inline bool bio_check_ro(struct bio *bio, struct hd_struct *part) { const int op = bio_op(bio); if (part->policy && op_is_write(op)) { char b[BDEVNAME_SIZE]; if (op_is_flush(bio->bi_opf) && !bio_sectors(bio)) return false; WARN_ONCE(1, "Trying to write to read-only block-device %s (partno %d)\n", bio_devname(bio, b), part->partno); /* Older lvm-tools actually trigger this */ return false; } return false; } static noinline int should_fail_bio(struct bio *bio) { if (should_fail_request(&bio->bi_disk->part0, bio->bi_iter.bi_size)) return -EIO; return 0; } ALLOW_ERROR_INJECTION(should_fail_bio, ERRNO); /* * Check whether this bio extends beyond the end of the device or partition. * This may well happen - the kernel calls bread() without checking the size of * the device, e.g., when mounting a file system. */ static inline int bio_check_eod(struct bio *bio, sector_t maxsector) { unsigned int nr_sectors = bio_sectors(bio); if (nr_sectors && maxsector && (nr_sectors > maxsector || bio->bi_iter.bi_sector > maxsector - nr_sectors)) { handle_bad_sector(bio, maxsector); return -EIO; } return 0; } /* * Remap block n of partition p to block n+start(p) of the disk. */ static inline int blk_partition_remap(struct bio *bio) { struct hd_struct *p; int ret = -EIO; rcu_read_lock(); p = __disk_get_part(bio->bi_disk, bio->bi_partno); if (unlikely(!p)) goto out; if (unlikely(should_fail_request(p, bio->bi_iter.bi_size))) goto out; if (unlikely(bio_check_ro(bio, p))) goto out; if (bio_sectors(bio)) { if (bio_check_eod(bio, part_nr_sects_read(p))) goto out; bio->bi_iter.bi_sector += p->start_sect; trace_block_bio_remap(bio->bi_disk->queue, bio, part_devt(p), bio->bi_iter.bi_sector - p->start_sect); } bio->bi_partno = 0; ret = 0; out: rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } /* * Check write append to a zoned block device. */ static inline blk_status_t blk_check_zone_append(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio) { sector_t pos = bio->bi_iter.bi_sector; int nr_sectors = bio_sectors(bio); /* Only applicable to zoned block devices */ if (!blk_queue_is_zoned(q)) return BLK_STS_NOTSUPP; /* The bio sector must point to the start of a sequential zone */ if (pos & (blk_queue_zone_sectors(q) - 1) || !blk_queue_zone_is_seq(q, pos)) return BLK_STS_IOERR; /* * Not allowed to cross zone boundaries. Otherwise, the BIO will be * split and could result in non-contiguous sectors being written in * different zones. */ if (nr_sectors > q->limits.chunk_sectors) return BLK_STS_IOERR; /* Make sure the BIO is small enough and will not get split */ if (nr_sectors > q->limits.max_zone_append_sectors) return BLK_STS_IOERR; bio->bi_opf |= REQ_NOMERGE; return BLK_STS_OK; } static noinline_for_stack bool submit_bio_checks(struct bio *bio) { struct request_queue *q = bio->bi_disk->queue; blk_status_t status = BLK_STS_IOERR; struct blk_plug *plug; might_sleep(); plug = blk_mq_plug(q, bio); if (plug && plug->nowait) bio->bi_opf |= REQ_NOWAIT; /* * For a REQ_NOWAIT based request, return -EOPNOTSUPP * if queue does not support NOWAIT. */ if ((bio->bi_opf & REQ_NOWAIT) && !blk_queue_nowait(q)) goto not_supported; if (should_fail_bio(bio)) goto end_io; if (bio->bi_partno) { if (unlikely(blk_partition_remap(bio))) goto end_io; } else { if (unlikely(bio_check_ro(bio, &bio->bi_disk->part0))) goto end_io; if (unlikely(bio_check_eod(bio, get_capacity(bio->bi_disk)))) goto end_io; } /* * Filter flush bio's early so that bio based drivers without flush * support don't have to worry about them. */ if (op_is_flush(bio->bi_opf) && !test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_WC, &q->queue_flags)) { bio->bi_opf &= ~(REQ_PREFLUSH | REQ_FUA); if (!bio_sectors(bio)) { status = BLK_STS_OK; goto end_io; } } if (!test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_POLL, &q->queue_flags)) bio->bi_opf &= ~REQ_HIPRI; switch (bio_op(bio)) { case REQ_OP_DISCARD: if (!blk_queue_discard(q)) goto not_supported; break; case REQ_OP_SECURE_ERASE: if (!blk_queue_secure_erase(q)) goto not_supported; break; case REQ_OP_WRITE_SAME: if (!q->limits.max_write_same_sectors) goto not_supported; break; case REQ_OP_ZONE_APPEND: status = blk_check_zone_append(q, bio); if (status != BLK_STS_OK) goto end_io; break; case REQ_OP_ZONE_RESET: case REQ_OP_ZONE_OPEN: case REQ_OP_ZONE_CLOSE: case REQ_OP_ZONE_FINISH: if (!blk_queue_is_zoned(q)) goto not_supported; break; case REQ_OP_ZONE_RESET_ALL: if (!blk_queue_is_zoned(q) || !blk_queue_zone_resetall(q)) goto not_supported; break; case REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES: if (!q->limits.max_write_zeroes_sectors) goto not_supported; break; default: break; } /* * Various block parts want %current->io_context, so allocate it up * front rather than dealing with lots of pain to allocate it only * where needed. This may fail and the block layer knows how to live * with it. */ if (unlikely(!current->io_context)) create_task_io_context(current, GFP_ATOMIC, q->node); if (blk_throtl_bio(bio)) return false; blk_cgroup_bio_start(bio); blkcg_bio_issue_init(bio); if (!bio_flagged(bio, BIO_TRACE_COMPLETION)) { trace_block_bio_queue(q, bio); /* Now that enqueuing has been traced, we need to trace * completion as well. */ bio_set_flag(bio, BIO_TRACE_COMPLETION); } return true; not_supported: status = BLK_STS_NOTSUPP; end_io: bio->bi_status = status; bio_endio(bio); return false; } static blk_qc_t __submit_bio(struct bio *bio) { struct gendisk *disk = bio->bi_disk; blk_qc_t ret = BLK_QC_T_NONE; if (blk_crypto_bio_prep(&bio)) { if (!disk->fops->submit_bio) return blk_mq_submit_bio(bio); ret = disk->fops->submit_bio(bio); } blk_queue_exit(disk->queue); return ret; } /* * The loop in this function may be a bit non-obvious, and so deserves some * explanation: * * - Before entering the loop, bio->bi_next is NULL (as all callers ensure * that), so we have a list with a single bio. * - We pretend that we have just taken it off a longer list, so we assign * bio_list to a pointer to the bio_list_on_stack, thus initialising the * bio_list of new bios to be added. ->submit_bio() may indeed add some more * bios through a recursive call to submit_bio_noacct. If it did, we find a * non-NULL value in bio_list and re-enter the loop from the top. * - In this case we really did just take the bio of the top of the list (no * pretending) and so remove it from bio_list, and call into ->submit_bio() * again. * * bio_list_on_stack[0] contains bios submitted by the current ->submit_bio. * bio_list_on_stack[1] contains bios that were submitted before the current * ->submit_bio_bio, but that haven't been processed yet. */ static blk_qc_t __submit_bio_noacct(struct bio *bio) { struct bio_list bio_list_on_stack[2]; blk_qc_t ret = BLK_QC_T_NONE; BUG_ON(bio->bi_next); bio_list_init(&bio_list_on_stack[0]); current->bio_list = bio_list_on_stack; do { struct request_queue *q = bio->bi_disk->queue; struct bio_list lower, same; if (unlikely(bio_queue_enter(bio) != 0)) continue; /* * Create a fresh bio_list for all subordinate requests. */ bio_list_on_stack[1] = bio_list_on_stack[0]; bio_list_init(&bio_list_on_stack[0]); ret = __submit_bio(bio); /* * Sort new bios into those for a lower level and those for the * same level. */ bio_list_init(&lower); bio_list_init(&same); while ((bio = bio_list_pop(&bio_list_on_stack[0])) != NULL) if (q == bio->bi_disk->queue) bio_list_add(&same, bio); else bio_list_add(&lower, bio); /* * Now assemble so we handle the lowest level first. */ bio_list_merge(&bio_list_on_stack[0], &lower); bio_list_merge(&bio_list_on_stack[0], &same); bio_list_merge(&bio_list_on_stack[0], &bio_list_on_stack[1]); } while ((bio = bio_list_pop(&bio_list_on_stack[0]))); current->bio_list = NULL; return ret; } static blk_qc_t __submit_bio_noacct_mq(struct bio *bio) { struct bio_list bio_list[2] = { }; blk_qc_t ret = BLK_QC_T_NONE; current->bio_list = bio_list; do { struct gendisk *disk = bio->bi_disk; if (unlikely(bio_queue_enter(bio) != 0)) continue; if (!blk_crypto_bio_prep(&bio)) { blk_queue_exit(disk->queue); ret = BLK_QC_T_NONE; continue; } ret = blk_mq_submit_bio(bio); } while ((bio = bio_list_pop(&bio_list[0]))); current->bio_list = NULL; return ret; } /** * submit_bio_noacct - re-submit a bio to the block device layer for I/O * @bio: The bio describing the location in memory and on the device. * * This is a version of submit_bio() that shall only be used for I/O that is * resubmitted to lower level drivers by stacking block drivers. All file * systems and other upper level users of the block layer should use * submit_bio() instead. */ blk_qc_t submit_bio_noacct(struct bio *bio) { if (!submit_bio_checks(bio)) return BLK_QC_T_NONE; /* * We only want one ->submit_bio to be active at a time, else stack * usage with stacked devices could be a problem. Use current->bio_list * to collect a list of requests submited by a ->submit_bio method while * it is active, and then process them after it returned. */ if (current->bio_list) { bio_list_add(&current->bio_list[0], bio); return BLK_QC_T_NONE; } if (!bio->bi_disk->fops->submit_bio) return __submit_bio_noacct_mq(bio); return __submit_bio_noacct(bio); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(submit_bio_noacct); /** * submit_bio - submit a bio to the block device layer for I/O * @bio: The &struct bio which describes the I/O * * submit_bio() is used to submit I/O requests to block devices. It is passed a * fully set up &struct bio that describes the I/O that needs to be done. The * bio will be send to the device described by the bi_disk and bi_partno fields. * * The success/failure status of the request, along with notification of * completion, is delivered asynchronously through the ->bi_end_io() callback * in @bio. The bio must NOT be touched by thecaller until ->bi_end_io() has * been called. */ blk_qc_t submit_bio(struct bio *bio) { if (blkcg_punt_bio_submit(bio)) return BLK_QC_T_NONE; /* * If it's a regular read/write or a barrier with data attached, * go through the normal accounting stuff before submission. */ if (bio_has_data(bio)) { unsigned int count; if (unlikely(bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_WRITE_SAME)) count = queue_logical_block_size(bio->bi_disk->queue) >> 9; else count = bio_sectors(bio); if (op_is_write(bio_op(bio))) { count_vm_events(PGPGOUT, count); } else { task_io_account_read(bio->bi_iter.bi_size); count_vm_events(PGPGIN, count); } if (unlikely(block_dump)) { char b[BDEVNAME_SIZE]; printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s(%d): %s block %Lu on %s (%u sectors)\n", current->comm, task_pid_nr(current), op_is_write(bio_op(bio)) ? "WRITE" : "READ", (unsigned long long)bio->bi_iter.bi_sector, bio_devname(bio, b), count); } } /* * If we're reading data that is part of the userspace workingset, count * submission time as memory stall. When the device is congested, or * the submitting cgroup IO-throttled, submission can be a significant * part of overall IO time. */ if (unlikely(bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_READ && bio_flagged(bio, BIO_WORKINGSET))) { unsigned long pflags; blk_qc_t ret; psi_memstall_enter(&pflags); ret = submit_bio_noacct(bio); psi_memstall_leave(&pflags); return ret; } return submit_bio_noacct(bio); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(submit_bio); /** * blk_cloned_rq_check_limits - Helper function to check a cloned request * for the new queue limits * @q: the queue * @rq: the request being checked * * Description: * @rq may have been made based on weaker limitations of upper-level queues * in request stacking drivers, and it may violate the limitation of @q. * Since the block layer and the underlying device driver trust @rq * after it is inserted to @q, it should be checked against @q before * the insertion using this generic function. * * Request stacking drivers like request-based dm may change the queue * limits when retrying requests on other queues. Those requests need * to be checked against the new queue limits again during dispatch. */ static blk_status_t blk_cloned_rq_check_limits(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq) { unsigned int max_sectors = blk_queue_get_max_sectors(q, req_op(rq)); if (blk_rq_sectors(rq) > max_sectors) { /* * SCSI device does not have a good way to return if * Write Same/Zero is actually supported. If a device rejects * a non-read/write command (discard, write same,etc.) the * low-level device driver will set the relevant queue limit to * 0 to prevent blk-lib from issuing more of the offending * operations. Commands queued prior to the queue limit being * reset need to be completed with BLK_STS_NOTSUPP to avoid I/O * errors being propagated to upper layers. */ if (max_sectors == 0) return BLK_STS_NOTSUPP; printk(KERN_ERR "%s: over max size limit. (%u > %u)\n", __func__, blk_rq_sectors(rq), max_sectors); return BLK_STS_IOERR; } /* * queue's settings related to segment counting like q->bounce_pfn * may differ from that of other stacking queues. * Recalculate it to check the request correctly on this queue's * limitation. */ rq->nr_phys_segments = blk_recalc_rq_segments(rq); if (rq->nr_phys_segments > queue_max_segments(q)) { printk(KERN_ERR "%s: over max segments limit. (%hu > %hu)\n", __func__, rq->nr_phys_segments, queue_max_segments(q)); return BLK_STS_IOERR; } return BLK_STS_OK; } /** * blk_insert_cloned_request - Helper for stacking drivers to submit a request * @q: the queue to submit the request * @rq: the request being queued */ blk_status_t blk_insert_cloned_request(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq) { blk_status_t ret; ret = blk_cloned_rq_check_limits(q, rq); if (ret != BLK_STS_OK) return ret; if (rq->rq_disk && should_fail_request(&rq->rq_disk->part0, blk_rq_bytes(rq))) return BLK_STS_IOERR; if (blk_crypto_insert_cloned_request(rq)) return BLK_STS_IOERR; if (blk_queue_io_stat(q)) blk_account_io_start(rq); /* * Since we have a scheduler attached on the top device, * bypass a potential scheduler on the bottom device for * insert. */ return blk_mq_request_issue_directly(rq, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blk_insert_cloned_request); /** * blk_rq_err_bytes - determine number of bytes till the next failure boundary * @rq: request to examine * * Description: * A request could be merge of IOs which require different failure * handling. This function determines the number of bytes which * can be failed from the beginning of the request without * crossing into area which need to be retried further. * * Return: * The number of bytes to fail. */ unsigned int blk_rq_err_bytes(const struct request *rq) { unsigned int ff = rq->cmd_flags & REQ_FAILFAST_MASK; unsigned int bytes = 0; struct bio *bio; if (!(rq->rq_flags & RQF_MIXED_MERGE)) return blk_rq_bytes(rq); /* * Currently the only 'mixing' which can happen is between * different fastfail types. We can safely fail portions * which have all the failfast bits that the first one has - * the ones which are at least as eager to fail as the first * one. */ for (bio = rq->bio; bio; bio = bio->bi_next) { if ((bio->bi_opf & ff) != ff) break; bytes += bio->bi_iter.bi_size; } /* this could lead to infinite loop */ BUG_ON(blk_rq_bytes(rq) && !bytes); return bytes; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blk_rq_err_bytes); static void update_io_ticks(struct hd_struct *part, unsigned long now, bool end) { unsigned long stamp; again: stamp = READ_ONCE(part->stamp); if (unlikely(stamp != now)) { if (likely(cmpxchg(&part->stamp, stamp, now) == stamp)) __part_stat_add(part, io_ticks, end ? now - stamp : 1); } if (part->partno) { part = &part_to_disk(part)->part0; goto again; } } static void blk_account_io_completion(struct request *req, unsigned int bytes) { if (req->part && blk_do_io_stat(req)) { const int sgrp = op_stat_group(req_op(req)); struct hd_struct *part; part_stat_lock(); part = req->part; part_stat_add(part, sectors[sgrp], bytes >> 9); part_stat_unlock(); } } void blk_account_io_done(struct request *req, u64 now) { /* * Account IO completion. flush_rq isn't accounted as a * normal IO on queueing nor completion. Accounting the * containing request is enough. */ if (req->part && blk_do_io_stat(req) && !(req->rq_flags & RQF_FLUSH_SEQ)) { const int sgrp = op_stat_group(req_op(req)); struct hd_struct *part; part_stat_lock(); part = req->part; update_io_ticks(part, jiffies, true); part_stat_inc(part, ios[sgrp]); part_stat_add(part, nsecs[sgrp], now - req->start_time_ns); part_stat_unlock(); hd_struct_put(part); } } void blk_account_io_start(struct request *rq) { if (!blk_do_io_stat(rq)) return; rq->part = disk_map_sector_rcu(rq->rq_disk, blk_rq_pos(rq)); part_stat_lock(); update_io_ticks(rq->part, jiffies, false); part_stat_unlock(); } static unsigned long __part_start_io_acct(struct hd_struct *part, unsigned int sectors, unsigned int op) { const int sgrp = op_stat_group(op); unsigned long now = READ_ONCE(jiffies); part_stat_lock(); update_io_ticks(part, now, false); part_stat_inc(part, ios[sgrp]); part_stat_add(part, sectors[sgrp], sectors); part_stat_local_inc(part, in_flight[op_is_write(op)]); part_stat_unlock(); return now; } unsigned long part_start_io_acct(struct gendisk *disk, struct hd_struct **part, struct bio *bio) { *part = disk_map_sector_rcu(disk, bio->bi_iter.bi_sector); return __part_start_io_acct(*part, bio_sectors(bio), bio_op(bio)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(part_start_io_acct); unsigned long disk_start_io_acct(struct gendisk *disk, unsigned int sectors, unsigned int op) { return __part_start_io_acct(&disk->part0, sectors, op); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(disk_start_io_acct); static void __part_end_io_acct(struct hd_struct *part, unsigned int op, unsigned long start_time) { const int sgrp = op_stat_group(op); unsigned long now = READ_ONCE(jiffies); unsigned long duration = now - start_time; part_stat_lock(); update_io_ticks(part, now, true); part_stat_add(part, nsecs[sgrp], jiffies_to_nsecs(duration)); part_stat_local_dec(part, in_flight[op_is_write(op)]); part_stat_unlock(); } void part_end_io_acct(struct hd_struct *part, struct bio *bio, unsigned long start_time) { __part_end_io_acct(part, bio_op(bio), start_time); hd_struct_put(part); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(part_end_io_acct); void disk_end_io_acct(struct gendisk *disk, unsigned int op, unsigned long start_time) { __part_end_io_acct(&disk->part0, op, start_time); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(disk_end_io_acct); /* * Steal bios from a request and add them to a bio list. * The request must not have been partially completed before. */ void blk_steal_bios(struct bio_list *list, struct request *rq) { if (rq->bio) { if (list->tail) list->tail->bi_next = rq->bio; else list->head = rq->bio; list->tail = rq->biotail; rq->bio = NULL; rq->biotail = NULL; } rq->__data_len = 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blk_steal_bios); /** * blk_update_request - Special helper function for request stacking drivers * @req: the request being processed * @error: block status code * @nr_bytes: number of bytes to complete @req * * Description: * Ends I/O on a number of bytes attached to @req, but doesn't complete * the request structure even if @req doesn't have leftover. * If @req has leftover, sets it up for the next range of segments. * * This special helper function is only for request stacking drivers * (e.g. request-based dm) so that they can handle partial completion. * Actual device drivers should use blk_mq_end_request instead. * * Passing the result of blk_rq_bytes() as @nr_bytes guarantees * %false return from this function. * * Note: * The RQF_SPECIAL_PAYLOAD flag is ignored on purpose in both * blk_rq_bytes() and in blk_update_request(). * * Return: * %false - this request doesn't have any more data * %true - this request has more data **/ bool blk_update_request(struct request *req, blk_status_t error, unsigned int nr_bytes) { int total_bytes; trace_block_rq_complete(req, blk_status_to_errno(error), nr_bytes); if (!req->bio) return false; #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY if (blk_integrity_rq(req) && req_op(req) == REQ_OP_READ && error == BLK_STS_OK) req->q->integrity.profile->complete_fn(req, nr_bytes); #endif if (unlikely(error && !blk_rq_is_passthrough(req) && !(req->rq_flags & RQF_QUIET))) print_req_error(req, error, __func__); blk_account_io_completion(req, nr_bytes); total_bytes = 0; while (req->bio) { struct bio *bio = req->bio; unsigned bio_bytes = min(bio->bi_iter.bi_size, nr_bytes); if (bio_bytes == bio->bi_iter.bi_size) req->bio = bio->bi_next; /* Completion has already been traced */ bio_clear_flag(bio, BIO_TRACE_COMPLETION); req_bio_endio(req, bio, bio_bytes, error); total_bytes += bio_bytes; nr_bytes -= bio_bytes; if (!nr_bytes) break; } /* * completely done */ if (!req->bio) { /* * Reset counters so that the request stacking driver * can find how many bytes remain in the request * later. */ req->__data_len = 0; return false; } req->__data_len -= total_bytes; /* update sector only for requests with clear definition of sector */ if (!blk_rq_is_passthrough(req)) req->__sector += total_bytes >> 9; /* mixed attributes always follow the first bio */ if (req->rq_flags & RQF_MIXED_MERGE) { req->cmd_flags &= ~REQ_FAILFAST_MASK; req->cmd_flags |= req->bio->bi_opf & REQ_FAILFAST_MASK; } if (!(req->rq_flags & RQF_SPECIAL_PAYLOAD)) { /* * If total number of sectors is less than the first segment * size, something has gone terribly wrong. */ if (blk_rq_bytes(req) < blk_rq_cur_bytes(req)) { blk_dump_rq_flags(req, "request botched"); req->__data_len = blk_rq_cur_bytes(req); } /* recalculate the number of segments */ req->nr_phys_segments = blk_recalc_rq_segments(req); } return true; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blk_update_request); #if ARCH_IMPLEMENTS_FLUSH_DCACHE_PAGE /** * rq_flush_dcache_pages - Helper function to flush all pages in a request * @rq: the request to be flushed * * Description: * Flush all pages in @rq. */ void rq_flush_dcache_pages(struct request *rq) { struct req_iterator iter; struct bio_vec bvec; rq_for_each_segment(bvec, rq, iter) flush_dcache_page(bvec.bv_page); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rq_flush_dcache_pages); #endif /** * blk_lld_busy - Check if underlying low-level drivers of a device are busy * @q : the queue of the device being checked * * Description: * Check if underlying low-level drivers of a device are busy. * If the drivers want to export their busy state, they must set own * exporting function using blk_queue_lld_busy() first. * * Basically, this function is used only by request stacking drivers * to stop dispatching requests to underlying devices when underlying * devices are busy. This behavior helps more I/O merging on the queue * of the request stacking driver and prevents I/O throughput regression * on burst I/O load. * * Return: * 0 - Not busy (The request stacking driver should dispatch request) * 1 - Busy (The request stacking driver should stop dispatching request) */ int blk_lld_busy(struct request_queue *q) { if (queue_is_mq(q) && q->mq_ops->busy) return q->mq_ops->busy(q); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blk_lld_busy); /** * blk_rq_unprep_clone - Helper function to free all bios in a cloned request * @rq: the clone request to be cleaned up * * Description: * Free all bios in @rq for a cloned request. */ void blk_rq_unprep_clone(struct request *rq) { struct bio *bio; while ((bio = rq->bio) != NULL) { rq->bio = bio->bi_next; bio_put(bio); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blk_rq_unprep_clone); /** * blk_rq_prep_clone - Helper function to setup clone request * @rq: the request to be setup * @rq_src: original request to be cloned * @bs: bio_set that bios for clone are allocated from * @gfp_mask: memory allocation mask for bio * @bio_ctr: setup function to be called for each clone bio. * Returns %0 for success, non %0 for failure. * @data: private data to be passed to @bio_ctr * * Description: * Clones bios in @rq_src to @rq, and copies attributes of @rq_src to @rq. * Also, pages which the original bios are pointing to are not copied * and the cloned bios just point same pages. * So cloned bios must be completed before original bios, which means * the caller must complete @rq before @rq_src. */ int blk_rq_prep_clone(struct request *rq, struct request *rq_src, struct bio_set *bs, gfp_t gfp_mask, int (*bio_ctr)(struct bio *, struct bio *, void *), void *data) { struct bio *bio, *bio_src; if (!bs) bs = &fs_bio_set; __rq_for_each_bio(bio_src, rq_src) { bio = bio_clone_fast(bio_src, gfp_mask, bs); if (!bio) goto free_and_out; if (bio_ctr && bio_ctr(bio, bio_src, data)) goto free_and_out; if (rq->bio) { rq->biotail->bi_next = bio; rq->biotail = bio; } else { rq->bio = rq->biotail = bio; } bio = NULL; } /* Copy attributes of the original request to the clone request. */ rq->__sector = blk_rq_pos(rq_src); rq->__data_len = blk_rq_bytes(rq_src); if (rq_src->rq_flags & RQF_SPECIAL_PAYLOAD) { rq->rq_flags |= RQF_SPECIAL_PAYLOAD; rq->special_vec = rq_src->special_vec; } rq->nr_phys_segments = rq_src->nr_phys_segments; rq->ioprio = rq_src->ioprio; if (rq->bio && blk_crypto_rq_bio_prep(rq, rq->bio, gfp_mask) < 0) goto free_and_out; return 0; free_and_out: if (bio) bio_put(bio); blk_rq_unprep_clone(rq); return -ENOMEM; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blk_rq_prep_clone); int kblockd_schedule_work(struct work_struct *work) { return queue_work(kblockd_workqueue, work); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kblockd_schedule_work); int kblockd_mod_delayed_work_on(int cpu, struct delayed_work *dwork, unsigned long delay) { return mod_delayed_work_on(cpu, kblockd_workqueue, dwork, delay); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kblockd_mod_delayed_work_on); /** * blk_start_plug - initialize blk_plug and track it inside the task_struct * @plug: The &struct blk_plug that needs to be initialized * * Description: * blk_start_plug() indicates to the block layer an intent by the caller * to submit multiple I/O requests in a batch. The block layer may use * this hint to defer submitting I/Os from the caller until blk_finish_plug() * is called. However, the block layer may choose to submit requests * before a call to blk_finish_plug() if the number of queued I/Os * exceeds %BLK_MAX_REQUEST_COUNT, or if the size of the I/O is larger than * %BLK_PLUG_FLUSH_SIZE. The queued I/Os may also be submitted early if * the task schedules (see below). * * Tracking blk_plug inside the task_struct will help with auto-flushing the * pending I/O should the task end up blocking between blk_start_plug() and * blk_finish_plug(). This is important from a performance perspective, but * also ensures that we don't deadlock. For instance, if the task is blocking * for a memory allocation, memory reclaim could end up wanting to free a * page belonging to that request that is currently residing in our private * plug. By flushing the pending I/O when the process goes to sleep, we avoid * this kind of deadlock. */ void blk_start_plug(struct blk_plug *plug) { struct task_struct *tsk = current; /* * If this is a nested plug, don't actually assign it. */ if (tsk->plug) return; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&plug->mq_list); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&plug->cb_list); plug->rq_count = 0; plug->multiple_queues = false; plug->nowait = false; /* * Store ordering should not be needed here, since a potential * preempt will imply a full memory barrier */ tsk->plug = plug; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_start_plug); static void flush_plug_callbacks(struct blk_plug *plug, bool from_schedule) { LIST_HEAD(callbacks); while (!list_empty(&plug->cb_list)) { list_splice_init(&plug->cb_list, &callbacks); while (!list_empty(&callbacks)) { struct blk_plug_cb *cb = list_first_entry(&callbacks, struct blk_plug_cb, list); list_del(&cb->list); cb->callback(cb, from_schedule); } } } struct blk_plug_cb *blk_check_plugged(blk_plug_cb_fn unplug, void *data, int size) { struct blk_plug *plug = current->plug; struct blk_plug_cb *cb; if (!plug) return NULL; list_for_each_entry(cb, &plug->cb_list, list) if (cb->callback == unplug && cb->data == data) return cb; /* Not currently on the callback list */ BUG_ON(size < sizeof(*cb)); cb = kzalloc(size, GFP_ATOMIC); if (cb) { cb->data = data; cb->callback = unplug; list_add(&cb->list, &plug->cb_list); } return cb; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_check_plugged); void blk_flush_plug_list(struct blk_plug *plug, bool from_schedule) { flush_plug_callbacks(plug, from_schedule); if (!list_empty(&plug->mq_list)) blk_mq_flush_plug_list(plug, from_schedule); } /** * blk_finish_plug - mark the end of a batch of submitted I/O * @plug: The &struct blk_plug passed to blk_start_plug() * * Description: * Indicate that a batch of I/O submissions is complete. This function * must be paired with an initial call to blk_start_plug(). The intent * is to allow the block layer to optimize I/O submission. See the * documentation for blk_start_plug() for more information. */ void blk_finish_plug(struct blk_plug *plug) { if (plug != current->plug) return; blk_flush_plug_list(plug, false); current->plug = NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_finish_plug); void blk_io_schedule(void) { /* Prevent hang_check timer from firing at us during very long I/O */ unsigned long timeout = sysctl_hung_task_timeout_secs * HZ / 2; if (timeout) io_schedule_timeout(timeout); else io_schedule(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blk_io_schedule); int __init blk_dev_init(void) { BUILD_BUG_ON(REQ_OP_LAST >= (1 << REQ_OP_BITS)); BUILD_BUG_ON(REQ_OP_BITS + REQ_FLAG_BITS > 8 * sizeof_field(struct request, cmd_flags)); BUILD_BUG_ON(REQ_OP_BITS + REQ_FLAG_BITS > 8 * sizeof_field(struct bio, bi_opf)); /* used for unplugging and affects IO latency/throughput - HIGHPRI */ kblockd_workqueue = alloc_workqueue("kblockd", WQ_MEM_RECLAIM | WQ_HIGHPRI, 0); if (!kblockd_workqueue) panic("Failed to create kblockd\n"); blk_requestq_cachep = kmem_cache_create("request_queue", sizeof(struct request_queue), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); blk_debugfs_root = debugfs_create_dir("block", NULL); return 0; }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _DELAYED_CALL_H #define _DELAYED_CALL_H /* * Poor man's closures; I wish we could've done them sanely polymorphic, * but... */ struct delayed_call { void (*fn)(void *); void *arg; }; #define DEFINE_DELAYED_CALL(name) struct delayed_call name = {NULL, NULL} /* I really wish we had closures with sane typechecking... */ static inline void set_delayed_call(struct delayed_call *call, void (*fn)(void *), void *arg) { call->fn = fn; call->arg = arg; } static inline void do_delayed_call(struct delayed_call *call) { if (call->fn) call->fn(call->arg); } static inline void clear_delayed_call(struct delayed_call *call) { call->fn = NULL; } #endif
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 #ifndef _LINUX_MMAP_LOCK_H #define _LINUX_MMAP_LOCK_H #include <linux/mmdebug.h> #define MMAP_LOCK_INITIALIZER(name) \ .mmap_lock = __RWSEM_INITIALIZER((name).mmap_lock), static inline void mmap_init_lock(struct mm_struct *mm) { init_rwsem(&mm->mmap_lock); } static inline void mmap_write_lock(struct mm_struct *mm) { down_write(&mm->mmap_lock); } static inline void mmap_write_lock_nested(struct mm_struct *mm, int subclass) { down_write_nested(&mm->mmap_lock, subclass); } static inline int mmap_write_lock_killable(struct mm_struct *mm) { return down_write_killable(&mm->mmap_lock); } static inline bool mmap_write_trylock(struct mm_struct *mm) { return down_write_trylock(&mm->mmap_lock) != 0; } static inline void mmap_write_unlock(struct mm_struct *mm) { up_write(&mm->mmap_lock); } static inline void mmap_write_downgrade(struct mm_struct *mm) { downgrade_write(&mm->mmap_lock); } static inline void mmap_read_lock(struct mm_struct *mm) { down_read(&mm->mmap_lock); } static inline int mmap_read_lock_killable(struct mm_struct *mm) { return down_read_killable(&mm->mmap_lock); } static inline bool mmap_read_trylock(struct mm_struct *mm) { return down_read_trylock(&mm->mmap_lock) != 0; } static inline void mmap_read_unlock(struct mm_struct *mm) { up_read(&mm->mmap_lock); } static inline bool mmap_read_trylock_non_owner(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (down_read_trylock(&mm->mmap_lock)) { rwsem_release(&mm->mmap_lock.dep_map, _RET_IP_); return true; } return false; } static inline void mmap_read_unlock_non_owner(struct mm_struct *mm) { up_read_non_owner(&mm->mmap_lock); } static inline void mmap_assert_locked(struct mm_struct *mm) { lockdep_assert_held(&mm->mmap_lock); VM_BUG_ON_MM(!rwsem_is_locked(&mm->mmap_lock), mm); } static inline void mmap_assert_write_locked(struct mm_struct *mm) { lockdep_assert_held_write(&mm->mmap_lock); VM_BUG_ON_MM(!rwsem_is_locked(&mm->mmap_lock), mm); } static inline int mmap_lock_is_contended(struct mm_struct *mm) { return rwsem_is_contended(&mm->mmap_lock); } #endif /* _LINUX_MMAP_LOCK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef LINUX_MLD_H #define LINUX_MLD_H #include <linux/in6.h> #include <linux/icmpv6.h> /* MLDv1 Query/Report/Done */ struct mld_msg { struct icmp6hdr mld_hdr; struct in6_addr mld_mca; }; #define mld_type mld_hdr.icmp6_type #define mld_code mld_hdr.icmp6_code #define mld_cksum mld_hdr.icmp6_cksum #define mld_maxdelay mld_hdr.icmp6_maxdelay #define mld_reserved mld_hdr.icmp6_dataun.un_data16[1] /* Multicast Listener Discovery version 2 headers */ /* MLDv2 Report */ struct mld2_grec { __u8 grec_type; __u8 grec_auxwords; __be16 grec_nsrcs; struct in6_addr grec_mca; struct in6_addr grec_src[]; }; struct mld2_report { struct icmp6hdr mld2r_hdr; struct mld2_grec mld2r_grec[]; }; #define mld2r_type mld2r_hdr.icmp6_type #define mld2r_resv1 mld2r_hdr.icmp6_code #define mld2r_cksum mld2r_hdr.icmp6_cksum #define mld2r_resv2 mld2r_hdr.icmp6_dataun.un_data16[0] #define mld2r_ngrec mld2r_hdr.icmp6_dataun.un_data16[1] /* MLDv2 Query */ struct mld2_query { struct icmp6hdr mld2q_hdr; struct in6_addr mld2q_mca; #if defined(__LITTLE_ENDIAN_BITFIELD) __u8 mld2q_qrv:3, mld2q_suppress:1, mld2q_resv2:4; #elif defined(__BIG_ENDIAN_BITFIELD) __u8 mld2q_resv2:4, mld2q_suppress:1, mld2q_qrv:3; #else #error "Please fix <asm/byteorder.h>" #endif __u8 mld2q_qqic; __be16 mld2q_nsrcs; struct in6_addr mld2q_srcs[]; }; #define mld2q_type mld2q_hdr.icmp6_type #define mld2q_code mld2q_hdr.icmp6_code #define mld2q_cksum mld2q_hdr.icmp6_cksum #define mld2q_mrc mld2q_hdr.icmp6_maxdelay #define mld2q_resv1 mld2q_hdr.icmp6_dataun.un_data16[1] /* RFC3810, 5.1.3. Maximum Response Code: * * If Maximum Response Code >= 32768, Maximum Response Code represents a * floating-point value as follows: * * 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F * +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ * |1| exp | mant | * +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ */ #define MLDV2_MRC_EXP(value) (((value) >> 12) & 0x0007) #define MLDV2_MRC_MAN(value) ((value) & 0x0fff) /* RFC3810, 5.1.9. QQIC (Querier's Query Interval Code): * * If QQIC >= 128, QQIC represents a floating-point value as follows: * * 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 * +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ * |1| exp | mant | * +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ */ #define MLDV2_QQIC_EXP(value) (((value) >> 4) & 0x07) #define MLDV2_QQIC_MAN(value) ((value) & 0x0f) #define MLD_EXP_MIN_LIMIT 32768UL #define MLDV1_MRD_MAX_COMPAT (MLD_EXP_MIN_LIMIT - 1) static inline unsigned long mldv2_mrc(const struct mld2_query *mlh2) { /* RFC3810, 5.1.3. Maximum Response Code */ unsigned long ret, mc_mrc = ntohs(mlh2->mld2q_mrc); if (mc_mrc < MLD_EXP_MIN_LIMIT) { ret = mc_mrc; } else { unsigned long mc_man, mc_exp; mc_exp = MLDV2_MRC_EXP(mc_mrc); mc_man = MLDV2_MRC_MAN(mc_mrc); ret = (mc_man | 0x1000) << (mc_exp + 3); } return ret; } #endif
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef BLK_INTERNAL_H #define BLK_INTERNAL_H #include <linux/idr.h> #include <linux/blk-mq.h> #include <linux/part_stat.h> #include <linux/blk-crypto.h> #include <xen/xen.h> #include "blk-crypto-internal.h" #include "blk-mq.h" #include "blk-mq-sched.h" /* Max future timer expiry for timeouts */ #define BLK_MAX_TIMEOUT (5 * HZ) extern struct dentry *blk_debugfs_root; struct blk_flush_queue { unsigned int flush_pending_idx:1; unsigned int flush_running_idx:1; blk_status_t rq_status; unsigned long flush_pending_since; struct list_head flush_queue[2]; struct list_head flush_data_in_flight; struct request *flush_rq; struct lock_class_key key; spinlock_t mq_flush_lock; }; extern struct kmem_cache *blk_requestq_cachep; extern struct kobj_type blk_queue_ktype; extern struct ida blk_queue_ida; static inline struct blk_flush_queue * blk_get_flush_queue(struct request_queue *q, struct blk_mq_ctx *ctx) { return blk_mq_map_queue(q, REQ_OP_FLUSH, ctx)->fq; } static inline void __blk_get_queue(struct request_queue *q) { kobject_get(&q->kobj); } bool is_flush_rq(struct request *req); struct blk_flush_queue *blk_alloc_flush_queue(int node, int cmd_size, gfp_t flags); void blk_free_flush_queue(struct blk_flush_queue *q); void blk_freeze_queue(struct request_queue *q); static inline bool biovec_phys_mergeable(struct request_queue *q, struct bio_vec *vec1, struct bio_vec *vec2) { unsigned long mask = queue_segment_boundary(q); phys_addr_t addr1 = page_to_phys(vec1->bv_page) + vec1->bv_offset; phys_addr_t addr2 = page_to_phys(vec2->bv_page) + vec2->bv_offset; if (addr1 + vec1->bv_len != addr2) return false; if (xen_domain() && !xen_biovec_phys_mergeable(vec1, vec2->bv_page)) return false; if ((addr1 | mask) != ((addr2 + vec2->bv_len - 1) | mask)) return false; return true; } static inline bool __bvec_gap_to_prev(struct request_queue *q, struct bio_vec *bprv, unsigned int offset) { return (offset & queue_virt_boundary(q)) || ((bprv->bv_offset + bprv->bv_len) & queue_virt_boundary(q)); } /* * Check if adding a bio_vec after bprv with offset would create a gap in * the SG list. Most drivers don't care about this, but some do. */ static inline bool bvec_gap_to_prev(struct request_queue *q, struct bio_vec *bprv, unsigned int offset) { if (!queue_virt_boundary(q)) return false; return __bvec_gap_to_prev(q, bprv, offset); } static inline void blk_rq_bio_prep(struct request *rq, struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_segs) { rq->nr_phys_segments = nr_segs; rq->__data_len = bio->bi_iter.bi_size; rq->bio = rq->biotail = bio; rq->ioprio = bio_prio(bio); if (bio->bi_disk) rq->rq_disk = bio->bi_disk; } #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY void blk_flush_integrity(void); bool __bio_integrity_endio(struct bio *); void bio_integrity_free(struct bio *bio); static inline bool bio_integrity_endio(struct bio *bio) { if (bio_integrity(bio)) return __bio_integrity_endio(bio); return true; } bool blk_integrity_merge_rq(struct request_queue *, struct request *, struct request *); bool blk_integrity_merge_bio(struct request_queue *, struct request *, struct bio *); static inline bool integrity_req_gap_back_merge(struct request *req, struct bio *next) { struct bio_integrity_payload *bip = bio_integrity(req->bio); struct bio_integrity_payload *bip_next = bio_integrity(next); return bvec_gap_to_prev(req->q, &bip->bip_vec[bip->bip_vcnt - 1], bip_next->bip_vec[0].bv_offset); } static inline bool integrity_req_gap_front_merge(struct request *req, struct bio *bio) { struct bio_integrity_payload *bip = bio_integrity(bio); struct bio_integrity_payload *bip_next = bio_integrity(req->bio); return bvec_gap_to_prev(req->q, &bip->bip_vec[bip->bip_vcnt - 1], bip_next->bip_vec[0].bv_offset); } void blk_integrity_add(struct gendisk *); void blk_integrity_del(struct gendisk *); #else /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY */ static inline bool blk_integrity_merge_rq(struct request_queue *rq, struct request *r1, struct request *r2) { return true; } static inline bool blk_integrity_merge_bio(struct request_queue *rq, struct request *r, struct bio *b) { return true; } static inline bool integrity_req_gap_back_merge(struct request *req, struct bio *next) { return false; } static inline bool integrity_req_gap_front_merge(struct request *req, struct bio *bio) { return false; } static inline void blk_flush_integrity(void) { } static inline bool bio_integrity_endio(struct bio *bio) { return true; } static inline void bio_integrity_free(struct bio *bio) { } static inline void blk_integrity_add(struct gendisk *disk) { } static inline void blk_integrity_del(struct gendisk *disk) { } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY */ unsigned long blk_rq_timeout(unsigned long timeout); void blk_add_timer(struct request *req); bool blk_attempt_plug_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_segs, struct request **same_queue_rq); bool blk_bio_list_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct list_head *list, struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_segs); void blk_account_io_start(struct request *req); void blk_account_io_done(struct request *req, u64 now); /* * Plug flush limits */ #define BLK_MAX_REQUEST_COUNT 32 #define BLK_PLUG_FLUSH_SIZE (128 * 1024) /* * Internal elevator interface */ #define ELV_ON_HASH(rq) ((rq)->rq_flags & RQF_HASHED) void blk_insert_flush(struct request *rq); void elevator_init_mq(struct request_queue *q); int elevator_switch_mq(struct request_queue *q, struct elevator_type *new_e); void __elevator_exit(struct request_queue *, struct elevator_queue *); int elv_register_queue(struct request_queue *q, bool uevent); void elv_unregister_queue(struct request_queue *q); static inline void elevator_exit(struct request_queue *q, struct elevator_queue *e) { lockdep_assert_held(&q->sysfs_lock); blk_mq_sched_free_requests(q); __elevator_exit(q, e); } struct hd_struct *__disk_get_part(struct gendisk *disk, int partno); ssize_t part_size_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t part_stat_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t part_inflight_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t part_fail_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t part_fail_store(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count); ssize_t part_timeout_show(struct device *, struct device_attribute *, char *); ssize_t part_timeout_store(struct device *, struct device_attribute *, const char *, size_t); void __blk_queue_split(struct bio **bio, unsigned int *nr_segs); int ll_back_merge_fn(struct request *req, struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_segs); int blk_attempt_req_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, struct request *next); unsigned int blk_recalc_rq_segments(struct request *rq); void blk_rq_set_mixed_merge(struct request *rq); bool blk_rq_merge_ok(struct request *rq, struct bio *bio); enum elv_merge blk_try_merge(struct request *rq, struct bio *bio); int blk_dev_init(void); /* * Contribute to IO statistics IFF: * * a) it's attached to a gendisk, and * b) the queue had IO stats enabled when this request was started */ static inline bool blk_do_io_stat(struct request *rq) { return rq->rq_disk && (rq->rq_flags & RQF_IO_STAT); } static inline void req_set_nomerge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *req) { req->cmd_flags |= REQ_NOMERGE; if (req == q->last_merge) q->last_merge = NULL; } /* * The max size one bio can handle is UINT_MAX becasue bvec_iter.bi_size * is defined as 'unsigned int', meantime it has to aligned to with logical * block size which is the minimum accepted unit by hardware. */ static inline unsigned int bio_allowed_max_sectors(struct request_queue *q) { return round_down(UINT_MAX, queue_logical_block_size(q)) >> 9; } /* * The max bio size which is aligned to q->limits.discard_granularity. This * is a hint to split large discard bio in generic block layer, then if device * driver needs to split the discard bio into smaller ones, their bi_size can * be very probably and easily aligned to discard_granularity of the device's * queue. */ static inline unsigned int bio_aligned_discard_max_sectors( struct request_queue *q) { return round_down(UINT_MAX, q->limits.discard_granularity) >> SECTOR_SHIFT; } /* * Internal io_context interface */ void get_io_context(struct io_context *ioc); struct io_cq *ioc_lookup_icq(struct io_context *ioc, struct request_queue *q); struct io_cq *ioc_create_icq(struct io_context *ioc, struct request_queue *q, gfp_t gfp_mask); void ioc_clear_queue(struct request_queue *q); int create_task_io_context(struct task_struct *task, gfp_t gfp_mask, int node); /* * Internal throttling interface */ #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_THROTTLING extern int blk_throtl_init(struct request_queue *q); extern void blk_throtl_exit(struct request_queue *q); extern void blk_throtl_register_queue(struct request_queue *q); extern void blk_throtl_charge_bio_split(struct bio *bio); bool blk_throtl_bio(struct bio *bio); #else /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_THROTTLING */ static inline int blk_throtl_init(struct request_queue *q) { return 0; } static inline void blk_throtl_exit(struct request_queue *q) { } static inline void blk_throtl_register_queue(struct request_queue *q) { } static inline void blk_throtl_charge_bio_split(struct bio *bio) { } static inline bool blk_throtl_bio(struct bio *bio) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_THROTTLING */ #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_THROTTLING_LOW extern ssize_t blk_throtl_sample_time_show(struct request_queue *q, char *page); extern ssize_t blk_throtl_sample_time_store(struct request_queue *q, const char *page, size_t count); extern void blk_throtl_bio_endio(struct bio *bio); extern void blk_throtl_stat_add(struct request *rq, u64 time); #else static inline void blk_throtl_bio_endio(struct bio *bio) { } static inline void blk_throtl_stat_add(struct request *rq, u64 time) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_BOUNCE extern int init_emergency_isa_pool(void); extern void blk_queue_bounce(struct request_queue *q, struct bio **bio); #else static inline int init_emergency_isa_pool(void) { return 0; } static inline void blk_queue_bounce(struct request_queue *q, struct bio **bio) { } #endif /* CONFIG_BOUNCE */ #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP_IOLATENCY extern int blk_iolatency_init(struct request_queue *q); #else static inline int blk_iolatency_init(struct request_queue *q) { return 0; } #endif struct bio *blk_next_bio(struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_pages, gfp_t gfp); #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED void blk_queue_free_zone_bitmaps(struct request_queue *q); #else static inline void blk_queue_free_zone_bitmaps(struct request_queue *q) {} #endif struct hd_struct *disk_map_sector_rcu(struct gendisk *disk, sector_t sector); int blk_alloc_devt(struct hd_struct *part, dev_t *devt); void blk_free_devt(dev_t devt); void blk_invalidate_devt(dev_t devt); char *disk_name(struct gendisk *hd, int partno, char *buf); #define ADDPART_FLAG_NONE 0 #define ADDPART_FLAG_RAID 1 #define ADDPART_FLAG_WHOLEDISK 2 void delete_partition(struct hd_struct *part); int bdev_add_partition(struct block_device *bdev, int partno, sector_t start, sector_t length); int bdev_del_partition(struct block_device *bdev, int partno); int bdev_resize_partition(struct block_device *bdev, int partno, sector_t start, sector_t length); int disk_expand_part_tbl(struct gendisk *disk, int target); int hd_ref_init(struct hd_struct *part); /* no need to get/put refcount of part0 */ static inline int hd_struct_try_get(struct hd_struct *part) { if (part->partno) return percpu_ref_tryget_live(&part->ref); return 1; } static inline void hd_struct_put(struct hd_struct *part) { if (part->partno) percpu_ref_put(&part->ref); } static inline void hd_free_part(struct hd_struct *part) { free_percpu(part->dkstats); kfree(part->info); percpu_ref_exit(&part->ref); } /* * Any access of part->nr_sects which is not protected by partition * bd_mutex or gendisk bdev bd_mutex, should be done using this * accessor function. * * Code written along the lines of i_size_read() and i_size_write(). * CONFIG_PREEMPTION case optimizes the case of UP kernel with preemption * on. */ static inline sector_t part_nr_sects_read(struct hd_struct *part) { #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) sector_t nr_sects; unsigned seq; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&part->nr_sects_seq); nr_sects = part->nr_sects; } while (read_seqcount_retry(&part->nr_sects_seq, seq)); return nr_sects; #elif BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) sector_t nr_sects; preempt_disable(); nr_sects = part->nr_sects; preempt_enable(); return nr_sects; #else return part->nr_sects; #endif } /* * Should be called with mutex lock held (typically bd_mutex) of partition * to provide mutual exlusion among writers otherwise seqcount might be * left in wrong state leaving the readers spinning infinitely. */ static inline void part_nr_sects_write(struct hd_struct *part, sector_t size) { #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) preempt_disable(); write_seqcount_begin(&part->nr_sects_seq); part->nr_sects = size; write_seqcount_end(&part->nr_sects_seq); preempt_enable(); #elif BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) preempt_disable(); part->nr_sects = size; preempt_enable(); #else part->nr_sects = size; #endif } int bio_add_hw_page(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int offset, unsigned int max_sectors, bool *same_page); #endif /* BLK_INTERNAL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * acpi_bus.h - ACPI Bus Driver ($Revision: 22 $) * * Copyright (C) 2001, 2002 Andy Grover <andrew.grover@intel.com> * Copyright (C) 2001, 2002 Paul Diefenbaugh <paul.s.diefenbaugh@intel.com> */ #ifndef __ACPI_BUS_H__ #define __ACPI_BUS_H__ #include <linux/device.h> #include <linux/property.h> /* TBD: Make dynamic */ #define ACPI_MAX_HANDLES 10 struct acpi_handle_list { u32 count; acpi_handle handles[ACPI_MAX_HANDLES]; }; /* acpi_utils.h */ acpi_status acpi_extract_package(union acpi_object *package, struct acpi_buffer *format, struct acpi_buffer *buffer); acpi_status acpi_evaluate_integer(acpi_handle handle, acpi_string pathname, struct acpi_object_list *arguments, unsigned long long *data); acpi_status acpi_evaluate_reference(acpi_handle handle, acpi_string pathname, struct acpi_object_list *arguments, struct acpi_handle_list *list); acpi_status acpi_evaluate_ost(acpi_handle handle, u32 source_event, u32 status_code, struct acpi_buffer *status_buf); acpi_status acpi_get_physical_device_location(acpi_handle handle, struct acpi_pld_info **pld); bool acpi_has_method(acpi_handle handle, char *name); acpi_status acpi_execute_simple_method(acpi_handle handle, char *method, u64 arg); acpi_status acpi_evaluate_ej0(acpi_handle handle); acpi_status acpi_evaluate_lck(acpi_handle handle, int lock); acpi_status acpi_evaluate_reg(acpi_handle handle, u8 space_id, u32 function); bool acpi_ata_match(acpi_handle handle); bool acpi_bay_match(acpi_handle handle); bool acpi_dock_match(acpi_handle handle); bool acpi_check_dsm(acpi_handle handle, const guid_t *guid, u64 rev, u64 funcs); union acpi_object *acpi_evaluate_dsm(acpi_handle handle, const guid_t *guid, u64 rev, u64 func, union acpi_object *argv4); static inline union acpi_object * acpi_evaluate_dsm_typed(acpi_handle handle, const guid_t *guid, u64 rev, u64 func, union acpi_object *argv4, acpi_object_type type) { union acpi_object *obj; obj = acpi_evaluate_dsm(handle, guid, rev, func, argv4); if (obj && obj->type != type) { ACPI_FREE(obj); obj = NULL; } return obj; } #define ACPI_INIT_DSM_ARGV4(cnt, eles) \ { \ .package.type = ACPI_TYPE_PACKAGE, \ .package.count = (cnt), \ .package.elements = (eles) \ } bool acpi_dev_found(const char *hid); bool acpi_dev_present(const char *hid, const char *uid, s64 hrv); #ifdef CONFIG_ACPI struct proc_dir_entry; #define ACPI_BUS_FILE_ROOT "acpi" extern struct proc_dir_entry *acpi_root_dir; enum acpi_bus_device_type { ACPI_BUS_TYPE_DEVICE = 0, ACPI_BUS_TYPE_POWER, ACPI_BUS_TYPE_PROCESSOR, ACPI_BUS_TYPE_THERMAL, ACPI_BUS_TYPE_POWER_BUTTON, ACPI_BUS_TYPE_SLEEP_BUTTON, ACPI_BUS_TYPE_ECDT_EC, ACPI_BUS_DEVICE_TYPE_COUNT }; struct acpi_driver; struct acpi_device; /* * ACPI Scan Handler * ----------------- */ struct acpi_hotplug_profile { struct kobject kobj; int (*scan_dependent)(struct acpi_device *adev); void (*notify_online)(struct acpi_device *adev); bool enabled:1; bool demand_offline:1; }; static inline struct acpi_hotplug_profile *to_acpi_hotplug_profile( struct kobject *kobj) { return container_of(kobj, struct acpi_hotplug_profile, kobj); } struct acpi_scan_handler { const struct acpi_device_id *ids; struct list_head list_node; bool (*match)(const char *idstr, const struct acpi_device_id **matchid); int (*attach)(struct acpi_device *dev, const struct acpi_device_id *id); void (*detach)(struct acpi_device *dev); void (*bind)(struct device *phys_dev); void (*unbind)(struct device *phys_dev); struct acpi_hotplug_profile hotplug; }; /* * ACPI Hotplug Context * -------------------- */ struct acpi_hotplug_context { struct acpi_device *self; int (*notify)(struct acpi_device *, u32); void (*uevent)(struct acpi_device *, u32); void (*fixup)(struct acpi_device *); }; /* * ACPI Driver * ----------- */ typedef int (*acpi_op_add) (struct acpi_device * device); typedef int (*acpi_op_remove) (struct acpi_device * device); typedef void (*acpi_op_notify) (struct acpi_device * device, u32 event); struct acpi_device_ops { acpi_op_add add; acpi_op_remove remove; acpi_op_notify notify; }; #define ACPI_DRIVER_ALL_NOTIFY_EVENTS 0x1 /* system AND device events */ struct acpi_driver { char name[80]; char class[80]; const struct acpi_device_id *ids; /* Supported Hardware IDs */ unsigned int flags; struct acpi_device_ops ops; struct device_driver drv; struct module *owner; }; /* * ACPI Device * ----------- */ /* Status (_STA) */ struct acpi_device_status { u32 present:1; u32 enabled:1; u32 show_in_ui:1; u32 functional:1; u32 battery_present:1; u32 reserved:27; }; /* Flags */ struct acpi_device_flags { u32 dynamic_status:1; u32 removable:1; u32 ejectable:1; u32 power_manageable:1; u32 match_driver:1; u32 initialized:1; u32 visited:1; u32 hotplug_notify:1; u32 is_dock_station:1; u32 of_compatible_ok:1; u32 coherent_dma:1; u32 cca_seen:1; u32 enumeration_by_parent:1; u32 reserved:19; }; /* File System */ struct acpi_device_dir { struct proc_dir_entry *entry; }; #define acpi_device_dir(d) ((d)->dir.entry) /* Plug and Play */ typedef char acpi_bus_id[8]; typedef u64 acpi_bus_address; typedef char acpi_device_name[40]; typedef char acpi_device_class[20]; struct acpi_hardware_id { struct list_head list; const char *id; }; struct acpi_pnp_type { u32 hardware_id:1; u32 bus_address:1; u32 platform_id:1; u32 reserved:29; }; struct acpi_device_pnp { acpi_bus_id bus_id; /* Object name */ int instance_no; /* Instance number of this object */ struct acpi_pnp_type type; /* ID type */ acpi_bus_address bus_address; /* _ADR */ char *unique_id; /* _UID */ struct list_head ids; /* _HID and _CIDs */ acpi_device_name device_name; /* Driver-determined */ acpi_device_class device_class; /* " */ union acpi_object *str_obj; /* unicode string for _STR method */ }; #define acpi_device_bid(d) ((d)->pnp.bus_id) #define acpi_device_adr(d) ((d)->pnp.bus_address) const char *acpi_device_hid(struct acpi_device *device); #define acpi_device_uid(d) ((d)->pnp.unique_id) #define acpi_device_name(d) ((d)->pnp.device_name) #define acpi_device_class(d) ((d)->pnp.device_class) /* Power Management */ struct acpi_device_power_flags { u32 explicit_get:1; /* _PSC present? */ u32 power_resources:1; /* Power resources */ u32 inrush_current:1; /* Serialize Dx->D0 */ u32 power_removed:1; /* Optimize Dx->D0 */ u32 ignore_parent:1; /* Power is independent of parent power state */ u32 dsw_present:1; /* _DSW present? */ u32 reserved:26; }; struct acpi_device_power_state { struct { u8 valid:1; u8 explicit_set:1; /* _PSx present? */ u8 reserved:6; } flags; int power; /* % Power (compared to D0) */ int latency; /* Dx->D0 time (microseconds) */ struct list_head resources; /* Power resources referenced */ }; struct acpi_device_power { int state; /* Current state */ struct acpi_device_power_flags flags; struct acpi_device_power_state states[ACPI_D_STATE_COUNT]; /* Power states (D0-D3Cold) */ }; /* Performance Management */ struct acpi_device_perf_flags { u8 reserved:8; }; struct acpi_device_perf_state { struct { u8 valid:1; u8 reserved:7; } flags; u8 power; /* % Power (compared to P0) */ u8 performance; /* % Performance ( " ) */ int latency; /* Px->P0 time (microseconds) */ }; struct acpi_device_perf { int state; struct acpi_device_perf_flags flags; int state_count; struct acpi_device_perf_state *states; }; /* Wakeup Management */ struct acpi_device_wakeup_flags { u8 valid:1; /* Can successfully enable wakeup? */ u8 notifier_present:1; /* Wake-up notify handler has been installed */ }; struct acpi_device_wakeup_context { void (*func)(struct acpi_device_wakeup_context *context); struct device *dev; }; struct acpi_device_wakeup { acpi_handle gpe_device; u64 gpe_number; u64 sleep_state; struct list_head resources; struct acpi_device_wakeup_flags flags; struct acpi_device_wakeup_context context; struct wakeup_source *ws; int prepare_count; int enable_count; }; struct acpi_device_physical_node { unsigned int node_id; struct list_head node; struct device *dev; bool put_online:1; }; struct acpi_device_properties { const guid_t *guid; const union acpi_object *properties; struct list_head list; }; /* ACPI Device Specific Data (_DSD) */ struct acpi_device_data { const union acpi_object *pointer; struct list_head properties; const union acpi_object *of_compatible; struct list_head subnodes; }; struct acpi_gpio_mapping; /* Device */ struct acpi_device { int device_type; acpi_handle handle; /* no handle for fixed hardware */ struct fwnode_handle fwnode; struct acpi_device *parent; struct list_head children; struct list_head node; struct list_head wakeup_list; struct list_head del_list; struct acpi_device_status status; struct acpi_device_flags flags; struct acpi_device_pnp pnp; struct acpi_device_power power; struct acpi_device_wakeup wakeup; struct acpi_device_perf performance; struct acpi_device_dir dir; struct acpi_device_data data; struct acpi_scan_handler *handler; struct acpi_hotplug_context *hp; struct acpi_driver *driver; const struct acpi_gpio_mapping *driver_gpios; void *driver_data; struct device dev; unsigned int physical_node_count; unsigned int dep_unmet; struct list_head physical_node_list; struct mutex physical_node_lock; void (*remove)(struct acpi_device *); }; /* Non-device subnode */ struct acpi_data_node { const char *name; acpi_handle handle; struct fwnode_handle fwnode; struct fwnode_handle *parent; struct acpi_device_data data; struct list_head sibling; struct kobject kobj; struct completion kobj_done; }; extern const struct fwnode_operations acpi_device_fwnode_ops; extern const struct fwnode_operations acpi_data_fwnode_ops; extern const struct fwnode_operations acpi_static_fwnode_ops; bool is_acpi_device_node(const struct fwnode_handle *fwnode); bool is_acpi_data_node(const struct fwnode_handle *fwnode); static inline bool is_acpi_node(const struct fwnode_handle *fwnode) { return (is_acpi_device_node(fwnode) || is_acpi_data_node(fwnode)); } #define to_acpi_device_node(__fwnode) \ ({ \ typeof(__fwnode) __to_acpi_device_node_fwnode = __fwnode; \ \ is_acpi_device_node(__to_acpi_device_node_fwnode) ? \ container_of(__to_acpi_device_node_fwnode, \ struct acpi_device, fwnode) : \ NULL; \ }) #define to_acpi_data_node(__fwnode) \ ({ \ typeof(__fwnode) __to_acpi_data_node_fwnode = __fwnode; \ \ is_acpi_data_node(__to_acpi_data_node_fwnode) ? \ container_of(__to_acpi_data_node_fwnode, \ struct acpi_data_node, fwnode) : \ NULL; \ }) static inline bool is_acpi_static_node(const struct fwnode_handle *fwnode) { return !IS_ERR_OR_NULL(fwnode) && fwnode->ops == &acpi_static_fwnode_ops; } static inline bool acpi_data_node_match(const struct fwnode_handle *fwnode, const char *name) { return is_acpi_data_node(fwnode) ? (!strcmp(to_acpi_data_node(fwnode)->name, name)) : false; } static inline struct fwnode_handle *acpi_fwnode_handle(struct acpi_device *adev) { return &adev->fwnode; } static inline void *acpi_driver_data(struct acpi_device *d) { return d->driver_data; } #define to_acpi_device(d) container_of(d, struct acpi_device, dev) #define to_acpi_driver(d) container_of(d, struct acpi_driver, drv) static inline void acpi_set_device_status(struct acpi_device *adev, u32 sta) { *((u32 *)&adev->status) = sta; } static inline void acpi_set_hp_context(struct acpi_device *adev, struct acpi_hotplug_context *hp) { hp->self = adev; adev->hp = hp; } void acpi_initialize_hp_context(struct acpi_device *adev, struct acpi_hotplug_context *hp, int (*notify)(struct acpi_device *, u32), void (*uevent)(struct acpi_device *, u32)); /* acpi_device.dev.bus == &acpi_bus_type */ extern struct bus_type acpi_bus_type; /* * Events * ------ */ struct acpi_bus_event { struct list_head node; acpi_device_class device_class; acpi_bus_id bus_id; u32 type; u32 data; }; extern struct kobject *acpi_kobj; extern int acpi_bus_generate_netlink_event(const char*, const char*, u8, int); void acpi_bus_private_data_handler(acpi_handle, void *); int acpi_bus_get_private_data(acpi_handle, void **); int acpi_bus_attach_private_data(acpi_handle, void *); void acpi_bus_detach_private_data(acpi_handle); extern int acpi_notifier_call_chain(struct acpi_device *, u32, u32); extern int register_acpi_notifier(struct notifier_block *); extern int unregister_acpi_notifier(struct notifier_block *); /* * External Functions */ int acpi_bus_get_device(acpi_handle handle, struct acpi_device **device); struct acpi_device *acpi_bus_get_acpi_device(acpi_handle handle); void acpi_bus_put_acpi_device(struct acpi_device *adev); acpi_status acpi_bus_get_status_handle(acpi_handle handle, unsigned long long *sta); int acpi_bus_get_status(struct acpi_device *device); int acpi_bus_set_power(acpi_handle handle, int state); const char *acpi_power_state_string(int state); int acpi_device_set_power(struct acpi_device *device, int state); int acpi_bus_init_power(struct acpi_device *device); int acpi_device_fix_up_power(struct acpi_device *device); int acpi_bus_update_power(acpi_handle handle, int *state_p); int acpi_device_update_power(struct acpi_device *device, int *state_p); bool acpi_bus_power_manageable(acpi_handle handle); int acpi_device_power_add_dependent(struct acpi_device *adev, struct device *dev); void acpi_device_power_remove_dependent(struct acpi_device *adev, struct device *dev); #ifdef CONFIG_PM bool acpi_bus_can_wakeup(acpi_handle handle); #else static inline bool acpi_bus_can_wakeup(acpi_handle handle) { return false; } #endif void acpi_scan_lock_acquire(void); void acpi_scan_lock_release(void); void acpi_lock_hp_context(void); void acpi_unlock_hp_context(void); int acpi_scan_add_handler(struct acpi_scan_handler *handler); int acpi_bus_register_driver(struct acpi_driver *driver); void acpi_bus_unregister_driver(struct acpi_driver *driver); int acpi_bus_scan(acpi_handle handle); void acpi_bus_trim(struct acpi_device *start); acpi_status acpi_bus_get_ejd(acpi_handle handle, acpi_handle * ejd); int acpi_match_device_ids(struct acpi_device *device, const struct acpi_device_id *ids); void acpi_set_modalias(struct acpi_device *adev, const char *default_id, char *modalias, size_t len); int acpi_create_dir(struct acpi_device *); void acpi_remove_dir(struct acpi_device *); static inline bool acpi_device_enumerated(struct acpi_device *adev) { return adev && adev->flags.initialized && adev->flags.visited; } /** * module_acpi_driver(acpi_driver) - Helper macro for registering an ACPI driver * @__acpi_driver: acpi_driver struct * * Helper macro for ACPI drivers which do not do anything special in module * init/exit. This eliminates a lot of boilerplate. Each module may only * use this macro once, and calling it replaces module_init() and module_exit() */ #define module_acpi_driver(__acpi_driver) \ module_driver(__acpi_driver, acpi_bus_register_driver, \ acpi_bus_unregister_driver) /* * Bind physical devices with ACPI devices */ struct acpi_bus_type { struct list_head list; const char *name; bool (*match)(struct device *dev); struct acpi_device * (*find_companion)(struct device *); void (*setup)(struct device *); void (*cleanup)(struct device *); }; int register_acpi_bus_type(struct acpi_bus_type *); int unregister_acpi_bus_type(struct acpi_bus_type *); int acpi_bind_one(struct device *dev, struct acpi_device *adev); int acpi_unbind_one(struct device *dev); struct acpi_pci_root { struct acpi_device * device; struct pci_bus *bus; u16 segment; struct resource secondary; /* downstream bus range */ u32 osc_support_set; /* _OSC state of support bits */ u32 osc_control_set; /* _OSC state of control bits */ phys_addr_t mcfg_addr; }; /* helper */ bool acpi_dma_supported(struct acpi_device *adev); enum dev_dma_attr acpi_get_dma_attr(struct acpi_device *adev); int acpi_dma_get_range(struct device *dev, u64 *dma_addr, u64 *offset, u64 *size); int