1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * net/dst.h Protocol independent destination cache definitions. * * Authors: Alexey Kuznetsov, <kuznet@ms2.inr.ac.ru> * */ #ifndef _NET_DST_H #define _NET_DST_H #include <net/dst_ops.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/rtnetlink.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/jiffies.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <net/neighbour.h> #include <asm/processor.h> struct sk_buff; struct dst_entry { struct net_device *dev; struct dst_ops *ops; unsigned long _metrics; unsigned long expires; #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM struct xfrm_state *xfrm; #else void *__pad1; #endif int (*input)(struct sk_buff *); int (*output)(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); unsigned short flags; #define DST_NOXFRM 0x0002 #define DST_NOPOLICY 0x0004 #define DST_NOCOUNT 0x0008 #define DST_FAKE_RTABLE 0x0010 #define DST_XFRM_TUNNEL 0x0020 #define DST_XFRM_QUEUE 0x0040 #define DST_METADATA 0x0080 /* A non-zero value of dst->obsolete forces by-hand validation * of the route entry. Positive values are set by the generic * dst layer to indicate that the entry has been forcefully * destroyed. * * Negative values are used by the implementation layer code to * force invocation of the dst_ops->check() method. */ short obsolete; #define DST_OBSOLETE_NONE 0 #define DST_OBSOLETE_DEAD 2 #define DST_OBSOLETE_FORCE_CHK -1 #define DST_OBSOLETE_KILL -2 unsigned short header_len; /* more space at head required */ unsigned short trailer_len; /* space to reserve at tail */ /* * __refcnt wants to be on a different cache line from * input/output/ops or performance tanks badly */ #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT atomic_t __refcnt; /* 64-bit offset 64 */ #endif int __use; unsigned long lastuse; struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate; struct rcu_head rcu_head; short error; short __pad; __u32 tclassid; #ifndef CONFIG_64BIT atomic_t __refcnt; /* 32-bit offset 64 */ #endif }; struct dst_metrics { u32 metrics[RTAX_MAX]; refcount_t refcnt; } __aligned(4); /* Low pointer bits contain DST_METRICS_FLAGS */ extern const struct dst_metrics dst_default_metrics; u32 *dst_cow_metrics_generic(struct dst_entry *dst, unsigned long old); #define DST_METRICS_READ_ONLY 0x1UL #define DST_METRICS_REFCOUNTED 0x2UL #define DST_METRICS_FLAGS 0x3UL #define __DST_METRICS_PTR(Y) \ ((u32 *)((Y) & ~DST_METRICS_FLAGS)) #define DST_METRICS_PTR(X) __DST_METRICS_PTR((X)->_metrics) static inline bool dst_metrics_read_only(const struct dst_entry *dst) { return dst->_metrics & DST_METRICS_READ_ONLY; } void __dst_destroy_metrics_generic(struct dst_entry *dst, unsigned long old); static inline void dst_destroy_metrics_generic(struct dst_entry *dst) { unsigned long val = dst->_metrics; if (!(val & DST_METRICS_READ_ONLY)) __dst_destroy_metrics_generic(dst, val); } static inline u32 *dst_metrics_write_ptr(struct dst_entry *dst) { unsigned long p = dst->_metrics; BUG_ON(!p); if (p & DST_METRICS_READ_ONLY) return dst->ops->cow_metrics(dst, p); return __DST_METRICS_PTR(p); } /* This may only be invoked before the entry has reached global * visibility. */ static inline void dst_init_metrics(struct dst_entry *dst, const u32 *src_metrics, bool read_only) { dst->_metrics = ((unsigned long) src_metrics) | (read_only ? DST_METRICS_READ_ONLY : 0); } static inline void dst_copy_metrics(struct dst_entry *dest, const struct dst_entry *src) { u32 *dst_metrics = dst_metrics_write_ptr(dest); if (dst_metrics) { u32 *src_metrics = DST_METRICS_PTR(src); memcpy(dst_metrics, src_metrics, RTAX_MAX * sizeof(u32)); } } static inline u32 *dst_metrics_ptr(struct dst_entry *dst) { return DST_METRICS_PTR(dst); } static inline u32 dst_metric_raw(const struct dst_entry *dst, const int metric) { u32 *p = DST_METRICS_PTR(dst); return p[metric-1]; } static inline u32 dst_metric(const struct dst_entry *dst, const int metric) { WARN_ON_ONCE(metric == RTAX_HOPLIMIT || metric == RTAX_ADVMSS || metric == RTAX_MTU); return dst_metric_raw(dst, metric); } static inline u32 dst_metric_advmss(const struct dst_entry *dst) { u32 advmss = dst_metric_raw(dst, RTAX_ADVMSS); if (!advmss) advmss = dst->ops->default_advmss(dst); return advmss; } static inline void dst_metric_set(struct dst_entry *dst, int metric, u32 val) { u32 *p = dst_metrics_write_ptr(dst); if (p) p[metric-1] = val; } /* Kernel-internal feature bits that are unallocated in user space. */ #define DST_FEATURE_ECN_CA (1U << 31) #define DST_FEATURE_MASK (DST_FEATURE_ECN_CA) #define DST_FEATURE_ECN_MASK (DST_FEATURE_ECN_CA | RTAX_FEATURE_ECN) static inline u32 dst_feature(const struct dst_entry *dst, u32 feature) { return dst_metric(dst, RTAX_FEATURES) & feature; } static inline u32 dst_mtu(const struct dst_entry *dst) { return dst->ops->mtu(dst); } /* RTT metrics are stored in milliseconds for user ABI, but used as jiffies */ static inline unsigned long dst_metric_rtt(const struct dst_entry *dst, int metric) { return msecs_to_jiffies(dst_metric(dst, metric)); } static inline u32 dst_allfrag(const struct dst_entry *dst) { int ret = dst_feature(dst, RTAX_FEATURE_ALLFRAG); return ret; } static inline int dst_metric_locked(const struct dst_entry *dst, int metric) { return dst_metric(dst, RTAX_LOCK) & (1 << metric); } static inline void dst_hold(struct dst_entry *dst) { /* * If your kernel compilation stops here, please check * the placement of __refcnt in struct dst_entry */ BUILD_BUG_ON(offsetof(struct dst_entry, __refcnt) & 63); WARN_ON(atomic_inc_not_zero(&dst->__refcnt) == 0); } static inline void dst_use_noref(struct dst_entry *dst, unsigned long time) { if (unlikely(time != dst->lastuse)) { dst->__use++; dst->lastuse = time; } } static inline void dst_hold_and_use(struct dst_entry *dst, unsigned long time) { dst_hold(dst); dst_use_noref(dst, time); } static inline struct dst_entry *dst_clone(struct dst_entry *dst) { if (dst) dst_hold(dst); return dst; } void dst_release(struct dst_entry *dst); void dst_release_immediate(struct dst_entry *dst); static inline void refdst_drop(unsigned long refdst) { if (!(refdst & SKB_DST_NOREF)) dst_release((struct dst_entry *)(refdst & SKB_DST_PTRMASK)); } /** * skb_dst_drop - drops skb dst * @skb: buffer * * Drops dst reference count if a reference was taken. */ static inline void skb_dst_drop(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->_skb_refdst) { refdst_drop(skb->_skb_refdst); skb->_skb_refdst = 0UL; } } static inline void __skb_dst_copy(struct sk_buff *nskb, unsigned long refdst) { nskb->_skb_refdst = refdst; if (!(nskb->_skb_refdst & SKB_DST_NOREF)) dst_clone(skb_dst(nskb)); } static inline void skb_dst_copy(struct sk_buff *nskb, const struct sk_buff *oskb) { __skb_dst_copy(nskb, oskb->_skb_refdst); } /** * dst_hold_safe - Take a reference on a dst if possible * @dst: pointer to dst entry * * This helper returns false if it could not safely * take a reference on a dst. */ static inline bool dst_hold_safe(struct dst_entry *dst) { return atomic_inc_not_zero(&dst->__refcnt); } /** * skb_dst_force - makes sure skb dst is refcounted * @skb: buffer * * If dst is not yet refcounted and not destroyed, grab a ref on it. * Returns true if dst is refcounted. */ static inline bool skb_dst_force(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb_dst_is_noref(skb)) { struct dst_entry *dst = skb_dst(skb); WARN_ON(!rcu_read_lock_held()); if (!dst_hold_safe(dst)) dst = NULL; skb->_skb_refdst = (unsigned long)dst; } return skb->_skb_refdst != 0UL; } /** * __skb_tunnel_rx - prepare skb for rx reinsert * @skb: buffer * @dev: tunnel device * @net: netns for packet i/o * * After decapsulation, packet is going to re-enter (netif_rx()) our stack, * so make some cleanups. (no accounting done) */ static inline void __skb_tunnel_rx(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, struct net *net) { skb->dev = dev; /* * Clear hash so that we can recalulate the hash for the * encapsulated packet, unless we have already determine the hash * over the L4 4-tuple. */ skb_clear_hash_if_not_l4(skb); skb_set_queue_mapping(skb, 0); skb_scrub_packet(skb, !net_eq(net, dev_net(dev))); } /** * skb_tunnel_rx - prepare skb for rx reinsert * @skb: buffer * @dev: tunnel device * @net: netns for packet i/o * * After decapsulation, packet is going to re-enter (netif_rx()) our stack, * so make some cleanups, and perform accounting. * Note: this accounting is not SMP safe. */ static inline void skb_tunnel_rx(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, struct net *net) { /* TODO : stats should be SMP safe */ dev->stats.rx_packets++; dev->stats.rx_bytes += skb->len; __skb_tunnel_rx(skb, dev, net); } static inline u32 dst_tclassid(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_CLASSID const struct dst_entry *dst; dst = skb_dst(skb); if (dst) return dst->tclassid; #endif return 0; } int dst_discard_out(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); static inline int dst_discard(struct sk_buff *skb) { return dst_discard_out(&init_net, skb->sk, skb); } void *dst_alloc(struct dst_ops *ops, struct net_device *dev, int initial_ref, int initial_obsolete, unsigned short flags); void dst_init(struct dst_entry *dst, struct dst_ops *ops, struct net_device *dev, int initial_ref, int initial_obsolete, unsigned short flags); struct dst_entry *dst_destroy(struct dst_entry *dst); void dst_dev_put(struct dst_entry *dst); static inline void dst_confirm(struct dst_entry *dst) { } static inline struct neighbour *dst_neigh_lookup(const struct dst_entry *dst, const void *daddr) { struct neighbour *n = dst->ops->neigh_lookup(dst, NULL, daddr); return IS_ERR(n) ? NULL : n; } static inline struct neighbour *dst_neigh_lookup_skb(const struct dst_entry *dst, struct sk_buff *skb) { struct neighbour *n = NULL; /* The packets from tunnel devices (eg bareudp) may have only * metadata in the dst pointer of skb. Hence a pointer check of * neigh_lookup is needed. */ if (dst->ops->neigh_lookup) n = dst->ops->neigh_lookup(dst, skb, NULL); return IS_ERR(n) ? NULL : n; } static inline void dst_confirm_neigh(const struct dst_entry *dst, const void *daddr) { if (dst->ops->confirm_neigh) dst->ops->confirm_neigh(dst, daddr); } static inline void dst_link_failure(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct dst_entry *dst = skb_dst(skb); if (dst && dst->ops && dst->ops->link_failure) dst->ops->link_failure(skb); } static inline void dst_set_expires(struct dst_entry *dst, int timeout) { unsigned long expires = jiffies + timeout; if (expires == 0) expires = 1; if (dst->expires == 0 || time_before(expires, dst->expires)) dst->expires = expires; } /* Output packet to network from transport. */ static inline int dst_output(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_dst(skb)->output(net, sk, skb); } /* Input packet from network to transport. */ static inline int dst_input(struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_dst(skb)->input(skb); } static inline struct dst_entry *dst_check(struct dst_entry *dst, u32 cookie) { if (dst->obsolete) dst = dst->ops->check(dst, cookie); return dst; } /* Flags for xfrm_lookup flags argument. */ enum { XFRM_LOOKUP_ICMP = 1 << 0, XFRM_LOOKUP_QUEUE = 1 << 1, XFRM_LOOKUP_KEEP_DST_REF = 1 << 2, }; struct flowi; #ifndef CONFIG_XFRM static inline struct dst_entry *xfrm_lookup(struct net *net, struct dst_entry *dst_orig, const struct flowi *fl, const struct sock *sk, int flags) { return dst_orig; } static inline struct dst_entry * xfrm_lookup_with_ifid(struct net *net, struct dst_entry *dst_orig, const struct flowi *fl, const struct sock *sk, int flags, u32 if_id) { return dst_orig; } static inline struct dst_entry *xfrm_lookup_route(struct net *net, struct dst_entry *dst_orig, const struct flowi *fl, const struct sock *sk, int flags) { return dst_orig; } static inline struct xfrm_state *dst_xfrm(const struct dst_entry *dst) { return NULL; } #else struct dst_entry *xfrm_lookup(struct net *net, struct dst_entry *dst_orig, const struct flowi *fl, const struct sock *sk, int flags); struct dst_entry *xfrm_lookup_with_ifid(struct net *net, struct dst_entry *dst_orig, const struct flowi *fl, const struct sock *sk, int flags, u32 if_id); struct dst_entry *xfrm_lookup_route(struct net *net, struct dst_entry *dst_orig, const struct flowi *fl, const struct sock *sk, int flags); /* skb attached with this dst needs transformation if dst->xfrm is valid */ static inline struct xfrm_state *dst_xfrm(const struct dst_entry *dst) { return dst->xfrm; } #endif static inline void skb_dst_update_pmtu(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 mtu) { struct dst_entry *dst = skb_dst(skb); if (dst && dst->ops->update_pmtu) dst->ops->update_pmtu(dst, NULL, skb, mtu, true); } /* update dst pmtu but not do neighbor confirm */ static inline void skb_dst_update_pmtu_no_confirm(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 mtu) { struct dst_entry *dst = skb_dst(skb); if (dst && dst->ops->update_pmtu) dst->ops->update_pmtu(dst, NULL, skb, mtu, false); } struct dst_entry *dst_blackhole_check(struct dst_entry *dst, u32 cookie); void dst_blackhole_update_pmtu(struct dst_entry *dst, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 mtu, bool confirm_neigh); void dst_blackhole_redirect(struct dst_entry *dst, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); u32 *dst_blackhole_cow_metrics(struct dst_entry *dst, unsigned long old); struct neighbour *dst_blackhole_neigh_lookup(const struct dst_entry *dst, struct sk_buff *skb, const void *daddr); unsigned int dst_blackhole_mtu(const struct dst_entry *dst); #endif /* _NET_DST_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM sched #if !defined(_TRACE_SCHED_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_SCHED_H #include <linux/sched/numa_balancing.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <linux/binfmts.h> /* * Tracepoint for calling kthread_stop, performed to end a kthread: */ TRACE_EVENT(sched_kthread_stop, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *t), TP_ARGS(t), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, pid ) ), TP_fast_assign( memcpy(__entry->comm, t->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->pid = t->pid; ), TP_printk("comm=%s pid=%d", __entry->comm, __entry->pid) ); /* * Tracepoint for the return value of the kthread stopping: */ TRACE_EVENT(sched_kthread_stop_ret, TP_PROTO(int ret), TP_ARGS(ret), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, ret ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ret = ret; ), TP_printk("ret=%d", __entry->ret) ); /* * Tracepoint for waking up a task: */ DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(sched_wakeup_template, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *p), TP_ARGS(__perf_task(p)), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, pid ) __field( int, prio ) __field( int, success ) __field( int, target_cpu ) ), TP_fast_assign( memcpy(__entry->comm, p->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->pid = p->pid; __entry->prio = p->prio; /* XXX SCHED_DEADLINE */ __entry->success = 1; /* rudiment, kill when possible */ __entry->target_cpu = task_cpu(p); ), TP_printk("comm=%s pid=%d prio=%d target_cpu=%03d", __entry->comm, __entry->pid, __entry->prio, __entry->target_cpu) ); /* * Tracepoint called when waking a task; this tracepoint is guaranteed to be * called from the waking context. */ DEFINE_EVENT(sched_wakeup_template, sched_waking, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *p), TP_ARGS(p)); /* * Tracepoint called when the task is actually woken; p->state == TASK_RUNNNG. * It is not always called from the waking context. */ DEFINE_EVENT(sched_wakeup_template, sched_wakeup, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *p), TP_ARGS(p)); /* * Tracepoint for waking up a new task: */ DEFINE_EVENT(sched_wakeup_template, sched_wakeup_new, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *p), TP_ARGS(p)); #ifdef CREATE_TRACE_POINTS static inline long __trace_sched_switch_state(bool preempt, struct task_struct *p) { unsigned int state; #ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG BUG_ON(p != current); #endif /* CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG */ /* * Preemption ignores task state, therefore preempted tasks are always * RUNNING (we will not have dequeued if state != RUNNING). */ if (preempt) return TASK_REPORT_MAX; /* * task_state_index() uses fls() and returns a value from 0-8 range. * Decrement it by 1 (except TASK_RUNNING state i.e 0) before using * it for left shift operation to get the correct task->state * mapping. */ state = task_state_index(p); return state ? (1 << (state - 1)) : state; } #endif /* CREATE_TRACE_POINTS */ /* * Tracepoint for task switches, performed by the scheduler: */ TRACE_EVENT(sched_switch, TP_PROTO(bool preempt, struct task_struct *prev, struct task_struct *next), TP_ARGS(preempt, prev, next), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, prev_comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, prev_pid ) __field( int, prev_prio ) __field( long, prev_state ) __array( char, next_comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, next_pid ) __field( int, next_prio ) ), TP_fast_assign( memcpy(__entry->next_comm, next->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->prev_pid = prev->pid; __entry->prev_prio = prev->prio; __entry->prev_state = __trace_sched_switch_state(preempt, prev); memcpy(__entry->prev_comm, prev->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->next_pid = next->pid; __entry->next_prio = next->prio; /* XXX SCHED_DEADLINE */ ), TP_printk("prev_comm=%s prev_pid=%d prev_prio=%d prev_state=%s%s ==> next_comm=%s next_pid=%d next_prio=%d", __entry->prev_comm, __entry->prev_pid, __entry->prev_prio, (__entry->prev_state & (TASK_REPORT_MAX - 1)) ? __print_flags(__entry->prev_state & (TASK_REPORT_MAX - 1), "|", { TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE, "S" }, { TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE, "D" }, { __TASK_STOPPED, "T" }, { __TASK_TRACED, "t" }, { EXIT_DEAD, "X" }, { EXIT_ZOMBIE, "Z" }, { TASK_PARKED, "P" }, { TASK_DEAD, "I" }) : "R", __entry->prev_state & TASK_REPORT_MAX ? "+" : "", __entry->next_comm, __entry->next_pid, __entry->next_prio) ); /* * Tracepoint for a task being migrated: */ TRACE_EVENT(sched_migrate_task, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *p, int dest_cpu), TP_ARGS(p, dest_cpu), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, pid ) __field( int, prio ) __field( int, orig_cpu ) __field( int, dest_cpu ) ), TP_fast_assign( memcpy(__entry->comm, p->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->pid = p->pid; __entry->prio = p->prio; /* XXX SCHED_DEADLINE */ __entry->orig_cpu = task_cpu(p); __entry->dest_cpu = dest_cpu; ), TP_printk("comm=%s pid=%d prio=%d orig_cpu=%d dest_cpu=%d", __entry->comm, __entry->pid, __entry->prio, __entry->orig_cpu, __entry->dest_cpu) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(sched_process_template, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *p), TP_ARGS(p), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, pid ) __field( int, prio ) ), TP_fast_assign( memcpy(__entry->comm, p->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->pid = p->pid; __entry->prio = p->prio; /* XXX SCHED_DEADLINE */ ), TP_printk("comm=%s pid=%d prio=%d", __entry->comm, __entry->pid, __entry->prio) ); /* * Tracepoint for freeing a task: */ DEFINE_EVENT(sched_process_template, sched_process_free, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *p), TP_ARGS(p)); /* * Tracepoint for a task exiting: */ DEFINE_EVENT(sched_process_template, sched_process_exit, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *p), TP_ARGS(p)); /* * Tracepoint for waiting on task to unschedule: */ DEFINE_EVENT(sched_process_template, sched_wait_task, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *p), TP_ARGS(p)); /* * Tracepoint for a waiting task: */ TRACE_EVENT(sched_process_wait, TP_PROTO(struct pid *pid), TP_ARGS(pid), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, pid ) __field( int, prio ) ), TP_fast_assign( memcpy(__entry->comm, current->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->pid = pid_nr(pid); __entry->prio = current->prio; /* XXX SCHED_DEADLINE */ ), TP_printk("comm=%s pid=%d prio=%d", __entry->comm, __entry->pid, __entry->prio) ); /* * Tracepoint for do_fork: */ TRACE_EVENT(sched_process_fork, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *parent, struct task_struct *child), TP_ARGS(parent, child), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, parent_comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, parent_pid ) __array( char, child_comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, child_pid ) ), TP_fast_assign( memcpy(__entry->parent_comm, parent->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->parent_pid = parent->pid; memcpy(__entry->child_comm, child->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->child_pid = child->pid; ), TP_printk("comm=%s pid=%d child_comm=%s child_pid=%d", __entry->parent_comm, __entry->parent_pid, __entry->child_comm, __entry->child_pid) ); /* * Tracepoint for exec: */ TRACE_EVENT(sched_process_exec, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *p, pid_t old_pid, struct linux_binprm *bprm), TP_ARGS(p, old_pid, bprm), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( filename, bprm->filename ) __field( pid_t, pid ) __field( pid_t, old_pid ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(filename, bprm->filename); __entry->pid = p->pid; __entry->old_pid = old_pid; ), TP_printk("filename=%s pid=%d old_pid=%d", __get_str(filename), __entry->pid, __entry->old_pid) ); #ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS #define DEFINE_EVENT_SCHEDSTAT DEFINE_EVENT #define DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS_SCHEDSTAT DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS #else #define DEFINE_EVENT_SCHEDSTAT DEFINE_EVENT_NOP #define DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS_SCHEDSTAT DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS_NOP #endif /* * XXX the below sched_stat tracepoints only apply to SCHED_OTHER/BATCH/IDLE * adding sched_stat support to SCHED_FIFO/RR would be welcome. */ DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS_SCHEDSTAT(sched_stat_template, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 delay), TP_ARGS(__perf_task(tsk), __perf_count(delay)), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, pid ) __field( u64, delay ) ), TP_fast_assign( memcpy(__entry->comm, tsk->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->pid = tsk->pid; __entry->delay = delay; ), TP_printk("comm=%s pid=%d delay=%Lu [ns]", __entry->comm, __entry->pid, (unsigned long long)__entry->delay) ); /* * Tracepoint for accounting wait time (time the task is runnable * but not actually running due to scheduler contention). */ DEFINE_EVENT_SCHEDSTAT(sched_stat_template, sched_stat_wait, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 delay), TP_ARGS(tsk, delay)); /* * Tracepoint for accounting sleep time (time the task is not runnable, * including iowait, see below). */ DEFINE_EVENT_SCHEDSTAT(sched_stat_template, sched_stat_sleep, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 delay), TP_ARGS(tsk, delay)); /* * Tracepoint for accounting iowait time (time the task is not runnable * due to waiting on IO to complete). */ DEFINE_EVENT_SCHEDSTAT(sched_stat_template, sched_stat_iowait, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 delay), TP_ARGS(tsk, delay)); /* * Tracepoint for accounting blocked time (time the task is in uninterruptible). */ DEFINE_EVENT_SCHEDSTAT(sched_stat_template, sched_stat_blocked, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 delay), TP_ARGS(tsk, delay)); /* * Tracepoint for accounting runtime (time the task is executing * on a CPU). */ DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(sched_stat_runtime, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 runtime, u64 vruntime), TP_ARGS(tsk, __perf_count(runtime), vruntime), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, pid ) __field( u64, runtime ) __field( u64, vruntime ) ), TP_fast_assign( memcpy(__entry->comm, tsk->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->pid = tsk->pid; __entry->runtime = runtime; __entry->vruntime = vruntime; ), TP_printk("comm=%s pid=%d runtime=%Lu [ns] vruntime=%Lu [ns]", __entry->comm, __entry->pid, (unsigned long long)__entry->runtime, (unsigned long long)__entry->vruntime) ); DEFINE_EVENT(sched_stat_runtime, sched_stat_runtime, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 runtime, u64 vruntime), TP_ARGS(tsk, runtime, vruntime)); /* * Tracepoint for showing priority inheritance modifying a tasks * priority. */ TRACE_EVENT(sched_pi_setprio, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *tsk, struct task_struct *pi_task), TP_ARGS(tsk, pi_task), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, pid ) __field( int, oldprio ) __field( int, newprio ) ), TP_fast_assign( memcpy(__entry->comm, tsk->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->pid = tsk->pid; __entry->oldprio = tsk->prio; __entry->newprio = pi_task ? min(tsk->normal_prio, pi_task->prio) : tsk->normal_prio; /* XXX SCHED_DEADLINE bits missing */ ), TP_printk("comm=%s pid=%d oldprio=%d newprio=%d", __entry->comm, __entry->pid, __entry->oldprio, __entry->newprio) ); #ifdef CONFIG_DETECT_HUNG_TASK TRACE_EVENT(sched_process_hang, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *tsk), TP_ARGS(tsk), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, pid ) ), TP_fast_assign( memcpy(__entry->comm, tsk->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->pid = tsk->pid; ), TP_printk("comm=%s pid=%d", __entry->comm, __entry->pid) ); #endif /* CONFIG_DETECT_HUNG_TASK */ /* * Tracks migration of tasks from one runqueue to another. Can be used to * detect if automatic NUMA balancing is bouncing between nodes. */ TRACE_EVENT(sched_move_numa, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *tsk, int src_cpu, int dst_cpu), TP_ARGS(tsk, src_cpu, dst_cpu), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( pid_t, pid ) __field( pid_t, tgid ) __field( pid_t, ngid ) __field( int, src_cpu ) __field( int, src_nid ) __field( int, dst_cpu ) __field( int, dst_nid ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pid = task_pid_nr(tsk); __entry->tgid = task_tgid_nr(tsk); __entry->ngid = task_numa_group_id(tsk); __entry->src_cpu = src_cpu; __entry->src_nid = cpu_to_node(src_cpu); __entry->dst_cpu = dst_cpu; __entry->dst_nid = cpu_to_node(dst_cpu); ), TP_printk("pid=%d tgid=%d ngid=%d src_cpu=%d src_nid=%d dst_cpu=%d dst_nid=%d", __entry->pid, __entry->tgid, __entry->ngid, __entry->src_cpu, __entry->src_nid, __entry->dst_cpu, __entry->dst_nid) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(sched_numa_pair_template, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *src_tsk, int src_cpu, struct task_struct *dst_tsk, int dst_cpu), TP_ARGS(src_tsk, src_cpu, dst_tsk, dst_cpu), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( pid_t, src_pid ) __field( pid_t, src_tgid ) __field( pid_t, src_ngid ) __field( int, src_cpu ) __field( int, src_nid ) __field( pid_t, dst_pid ) __field( pid_t, dst_tgid ) __field( pid_t, dst_ngid ) __field( int, dst_cpu ) __field( int, dst_nid ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->src_pid = task_pid_nr(src_tsk); __entry->src_tgid = task_tgid_nr(src_tsk); __entry->src_ngid = task_numa_group_id(src_tsk); __entry->src_cpu = src_cpu; __entry->src_nid = cpu_to_node(src_cpu); __entry->dst_pid = dst_tsk ? task_pid_nr(dst_tsk) : 0; __entry->dst_tgid = dst_tsk ? task_tgid_nr(dst_tsk) : 0; __entry->dst_ngid = dst_tsk ? task_numa_group_id(dst_tsk) : 0; __entry->dst_cpu = dst_cpu; __entry->dst_nid = dst_cpu >= 0 ? cpu_to_node(dst_cpu) : -1; ), TP_printk("src_pid=%d src_tgid=%d src_ngid=%d src_cpu=%d src_nid=%d dst_pid=%d dst_tgid=%d dst_ngid=%d dst_cpu=%d dst_nid=%d", __entry->src_pid, __entry->src_tgid, __entry->src_ngid, __entry->src_cpu, __entry->src_nid, __entry->dst_pid, __entry->dst_tgid, __entry->dst_ngid, __entry->dst_cpu, __entry->dst_nid) ); DEFINE_EVENT(sched_numa_pair_template, sched_stick_numa, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *src_tsk, int src_cpu, struct task_struct *dst_tsk, int dst_cpu), TP_ARGS(src_tsk, src_cpu, dst_tsk, dst_cpu) ); DEFINE_EVENT(sched_numa_pair_template, sched_swap_numa, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *src_tsk, int src_cpu, struct task_struct *dst_tsk, int dst_cpu), TP_ARGS(src_tsk, src_cpu, dst_tsk, dst_cpu) ); /* * Tracepoint for waking a polling cpu without an IPI. */ TRACE_EVENT(sched_wake_idle_without_ipi, TP_PROTO(int cpu), TP_ARGS(cpu), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, cpu ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->cpu = cpu; ), TP_printk("cpu=%d", __entry->cpu) ); /* * Following tracepoints are not exported in tracefs and provide hooking * mechanisms only for testing and debugging purposes. * * Postfixed with _tp to make them easily identifiable in the code. */ DECLARE_TRACE(pelt_cfs_tp, TP_PROTO(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq), TP_ARGS(cfs_rq)); DECLARE_TRACE(pelt_rt_tp, TP_PROTO(struct rq *rq), TP_ARGS(rq)); DECLARE_TRACE(pelt_dl_tp, TP_PROTO(struct rq *rq), TP_ARGS(rq)); DECLARE_TRACE(pelt_thermal_tp, TP_PROTO(struct rq *rq), TP_ARGS(rq)); DECLARE_TRACE(pelt_irq_tp, TP_PROTO(struct rq *rq), TP_ARGS(rq)); DECLARE_TRACE(pelt_se_tp, TP_PROTO(struct sched_entity *se), TP_ARGS(se)); DECLARE_TRACE(sched_cpu_capacity_tp, TP_PROTO(struct rq *rq), TP_ARGS(rq)); DECLARE_TRACE(sched_overutilized_tp, TP_PROTO(struct root_domain *rd, bool overutilized), TP_ARGS(rd, overutilized)); DECLARE_TRACE(sched_util_est_cfs_tp, TP_PROTO(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq), TP_ARGS(cfs_rq)); DECLARE_TRACE(sched_util_est_se_tp, TP_PROTO(struct sched_entity *se), TP_ARGS(se)); DECLARE_TRACE(sched_update_nr_running_tp, TP_PROTO(struct rq *rq, int change), TP_ARGS(rq, change)); #endif /* _TRACE_SCHED_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_NETFILTER_H #define __LINUX_NETFILTER_H #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/net.h> #include <linux/if.h> #include <linux/in.h> #include <linux/in6.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/static_key.h> #include <linux/netfilter_defs.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/sockptr.h> #include <net/net_namespace.h> static inline int NF_DROP_GETERR(int verdict) { return -(verdict >> NF_VERDICT_QBITS); } static inline int nf_inet_addr_cmp(const union nf_inet_addr *a1, const union nf_inet_addr *a2) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 const unsigned long *ul1 = (const unsigned long *)a1; const unsigned long *ul2 = (const unsigned long *)a2; return ((ul1[0] ^ ul2[0]) | (ul1[1] ^ ul2[1])) == 0UL; #else return a1->all[0] == a2->all[0] && a1->all[1] == a2->all[1] && a1->all[2] == a2->all[2] && a1->all[3] == a2->all[3]; #endif } static inline void nf_inet_addr_mask(const union nf_inet_addr *a1, union nf_inet_addr *result, const union nf_inet_addr *mask) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 const unsigned long *ua = (const unsigned long *)a1; unsigned long *ur = (unsigned long *)result; const unsigned long *um = (const unsigned long *)mask; ur[0] = ua[0] & um[0]; ur[1] = ua[1] & um[1]; #else result->all[0] = a1->all[0] & mask->all[0]; result->all[1] = a1->all[1] & mask->all[1]; result->all[2] = a1->all[2] & mask->all[2]; result->all[3] = a1->all[3] & mask->all[3]; #endif } int netfilter_init(void); struct sk_buff; struct nf_hook_ops; struct sock; struct nf_hook_state { unsigned int hook; u_int8_t pf; struct net_device *in; struct net_device *out; struct sock *sk; struct net *net; int (*okfn)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *); }; typedef unsigned int nf_hookfn(void *priv, struct sk_buff *skb, const struct nf_hook_state *state); struct nf_hook_ops { /* User fills in from here down. */ nf_hookfn *hook; struct net_device *dev; void *priv; u_int8_t pf; unsigned int hooknum; /* Hooks are ordered in ascending priority. */ int priority; }; struct nf_hook_entry { nf_hookfn *hook; void *priv; }; struct nf_hook_entries_rcu_head { struct rcu_head head; void *allocation; }; struct nf_hook_entries { u16 num_hook_entries; /* padding */ struct nf_hook_entry hooks[]; /* trailer: pointers to original orig_ops of each hook, * followed by rcu_head and scratch space used for freeing * the structure via call_rcu. * * This is not part of struct nf_hook_entry since its only * needed in slow path (hook register/unregister): * const struct nf_hook_ops *orig_ops[] * * For the same reason, we store this at end -- its * only needed when a hook is deleted, not during * packet path processing: * struct nf_hook_entries_rcu_head head */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_NETFILTER static inline struct nf_hook_ops **nf_hook_entries_get_hook_ops(const struct nf_hook_entries *e) { unsigned int n = e->num_hook_entries; const void *hook_end; hook_end = &e->hooks[n]; /* this is *past* ->hooks[]! */ return (struct nf_hook_ops **)hook_end; } static inline int nf_hook_entry_hookfn(const struct nf_hook_entry *entry, struct sk_buff *skb, struct nf_hook_state *state) { return entry->hook(entry->priv, skb, state); } static inline void nf_hook_state_init(struct nf_hook_state *p, unsigned int hook, u_int8_t pf, struct net_device *indev, struct net_device *outdev, struct sock *sk, struct net *net, int (*okfn)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *)) { p->hook = hook; p->pf = pf; p->in = indev; p->out = outdev; p->sk = sk; p->net = net; p->okfn = okfn; } struct nf_sockopt_ops { struct list_head list; u_int8_t pf; /* Non-inclusive ranges: use 0/0/NULL to never get called. */ int set_optmin; int set_optmax; int (*set)(struct sock *sk, int optval, sockptr_t arg, unsigned int len); int get_optmin; int get_optmax; int (*get)(struct sock *sk, int optval, void __user *user, int *len); /* Use the module struct to lock set/get code in place */ struct module *owner; }; /* Function to register/unregister hook points. */ int nf_register_net_hook(struct net *net, const struct nf_hook_ops *ops); void nf_unregister_net_hook(struct net *net, const struct nf_hook_ops *ops); int nf_register_net_hooks(struct net *net, const struct nf_hook_ops *reg, unsigned int n); void nf_unregister_net_hooks(struct net *net, const struct nf_hook_ops *reg, unsigned int n); /* Functions to register get/setsockopt ranges (non-inclusive). You need to check permissions yourself! */ int nf_register_sockopt(struct nf_sockopt_ops *reg); void nf_unregister_sockopt(struct nf_sockopt_ops *reg); #ifdef CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL extern struct static_key nf_hooks_needed[NFPROTO_NUMPROTO][NF_MAX_HOOKS]; #endif int nf_hook_slow(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nf_hook_state *state, const struct nf_hook_entries *e, unsigned int i); void nf_hook_slow_list(struct list_head *head, struct nf_hook_state *state, const struct nf_hook_entries *e); /** * nf_hook - call a netfilter hook * * Returns 1 if the hook has allowed the packet to pass. The function * okfn must be invoked by the caller in this case. Any other return * value indicates the packet has been consumed by the hook. */ static inline int nf_hook(u_int8_t pf, unsigned int hook, struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *indev, struct net_device *outdev, int (*okfn)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *)) { struct nf_hook_entries *hook_head = NULL; int ret = 1; #ifdef CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL if (__builtin_constant_p(pf) && __builtin_constant_p(hook) && !static_key_false(&nf_hooks_needed[pf][hook])) return 1; #endif rcu_read_lock(); switch (pf) { case NFPROTO_IPV4: hook_head = rcu_dereference(net->nf.hooks_ipv4[hook]); break; case NFPROTO_IPV6: hook_head = rcu_dereference(net->nf.hooks_ipv6[hook]); break; case NFPROTO_ARP: #ifdef CONFIG_NETFILTER_FAMILY_ARP if (WARN_ON_ONCE(hook >= ARRAY_SIZE(net->nf.hooks_arp))) break; hook_head = rcu_dereference(net->nf.hooks_arp[hook]); #endif break; case NFPROTO_BRIDGE: #ifdef CONFIG_NETFILTER_FAMILY_BRIDGE hook_head = rcu_dereference(net->nf.hooks_bridge[hook]); #endif break; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DECNET) case NFPROTO_DECNET: hook_head = rcu_dereference(net->nf.hooks_decnet[hook]); break; #endif default: WARN_ON_ONCE(1); break; } if (hook_head) { struct nf_hook_state state; nf_hook_state_init(&state, hook, pf, indev, outdev, sk, net, okfn); ret = nf_hook_slow(skb, &state, hook_head, 0); } rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } /* Activate hook; either okfn or kfree_skb called, unless a hook returns NF_STOLEN (in which case, it's up to the hook to deal with the consequences). Returns -ERRNO if packet dropped. Zero means queued, stolen or accepted. */ /* RR: > I don't want nf_hook to return anything because people might forget > about async and trust the return value to mean "packet was ok". AK: Just document it clearly, then you can expect some sense from kernel coders :) */ static inline int NF_HOOK_COND(uint8_t pf, unsigned int hook, struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *in, struct net_device *out, int (*okfn)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *), bool cond) { int ret; if (!cond || ((ret = nf_hook(pf, hook, net, sk, skb, in, out, okfn)) == 1)) ret = okfn(net, sk, skb); return ret; } static inline int NF_HOOK(uint8_t pf, unsigned int hook, struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *in, struct net_device *out, int (*okfn)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *)) { int ret = nf_hook(pf, hook, net, sk, skb, in, out, okfn); if (ret == 1) ret = okfn(net, sk, skb); return ret; } static inline void NF_HOOK_LIST(uint8_t pf, unsigned int hook, struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct list_head *head, struct net_device *in, struct net_device *out, int (*okfn)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *)) { struct nf_hook_entries *hook_head = NULL; #ifdef CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL if (__builtin_constant_p(pf) && __builtin_constant_p(hook) && !static_key_false(&nf_hooks_needed[pf][hook])) return; #endif rcu_read_lock(); switch (pf) { case NFPROTO_IPV4: hook_head = rcu_dereference(net->nf.hooks_ipv4[hook]); break; case NFPROTO_IPV6: hook_head = rcu_dereference(net->nf.hooks_ipv6[hook]); break; default: WARN_ON_ONCE(1); break; } if (hook_head) { struct nf_hook_state state; nf_hook_state_init(&state, hook, pf, in, out, sk, net, okfn); nf_hook_slow_list(head, &state, hook_head); } rcu_read_unlock(); } /* Call setsockopt() */ int nf_setsockopt(struct sock *sk, u_int8_t pf, int optval, sockptr_t opt, unsigned int len); int nf_getsockopt(struct sock *sk, u_int8_t pf, int optval, char __user *opt, int *len); struct flowi; struct nf_queue_entry; __sum16 nf_checksum(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int hook, unsigned int dataoff, u_int8_t protocol, unsigned short family); __sum16 nf_checksum_partial(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int hook, unsigned int dataoff, unsigned int len, u_int8_t protocol, unsigned short family); int nf_route(struct net *net, struct dst_entry **dst, struct flowi *fl, bool strict, unsigned short family); int nf_reroute(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nf_queue_entry *entry); #include <net/flow.h> struct nf_conn; enum nf_nat_manip_type; struct nlattr; enum ip_conntrack_dir; struct nf_nat_hook { int (*parse_nat_setup)(struct nf_conn *ct, enum nf_nat_manip_type manip, const struct nlattr *attr); void (*decode_session)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct flowi *fl); unsigned int (*manip_pkt)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nf_conn *ct, enum nf_nat_manip_type mtype, enum ip_conntrack_dir dir); }; extern struct nf_nat_hook __rcu *nf_nat_hook; static inline void nf_nat_decode_session(struct sk_buff *skb, struct flowi *fl, u_int8_t family) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_NAT) struct nf_nat_hook *nat_hook; rcu_read_lock(); nat_hook = rcu_dereference(nf_nat_hook); if (nat_hook && nat_hook->decode_session) nat_hook->decode_session(skb, fl); rcu_read_unlock(); #endif } #else /* !CONFIG_NETFILTER */ static inline int NF_HOOK_COND(uint8_t pf, unsigned int hook, struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *in, struct net_device *out, int (*okfn)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *), bool cond) { return okfn(net, sk, skb); } static inline int NF_HOOK(uint8_t pf, unsigned int hook, struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *in, struct net_device *out, int (*okfn)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *)) { return okfn(net, sk, skb); } static inline void NF_HOOK_LIST(uint8_t pf, unsigned int hook, struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct list_head *head, struct net_device *in, struct net_device *out, int (*okfn)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *)) { /* nothing to do */ } static inline int nf_hook(u_int8_t pf, unsigned int hook, struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *indev, struct net_device *outdev, int (*okfn)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *)) { return 1; } struct flowi; static inline void nf_nat_decode_session(struct sk_buff *skb, struct flowi *fl, u_int8_t family) { } #endif /*CONFIG_NETFILTER*/ #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_zones_common.h> extern void (*ip_ct_attach)(struct sk_buff *, const struct sk_buff *) __rcu; void nf_ct_attach(struct sk_buff *, const struct sk_buff *); struct nf_conntrack_tuple; bool nf_ct_get_tuple_skb(struct nf_conntrack_tuple *dst_tuple, const struct sk_buff *skb); #else static inline void nf_ct_attach(struct sk_buff *new, struct sk_buff *skb) {} struct nf_conntrack_tuple; static inline bool nf_ct_get_tuple_skb(struct nf_conntrack_tuple *dst_tuple, const struct sk_buff *skb) { return false; } #endif struct nf_conn; enum ip_conntrack_info; struct nf_ct_hook { int (*update)(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb); void (*destroy)(struct nf_conntrack *); bool (*get_tuple_skb)(struct nf_conntrack_tuple *, const struct sk_buff *); }; extern struct nf_ct_hook __rcu *nf_ct_hook; struct nlattr; struct nfnl_ct_hook { struct nf_conn *(*get_ct)(const struct sk_buff *skb, enum ip_conntrack_info *ctinfo); size_t (*build_size)(const struct nf_conn *ct); int (*build)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nf_conn *ct, enum ip_conntrack_info ctinfo, u_int16_t ct_attr, u_int16_t ct_info_attr); int (*parse)(const struct nlattr *attr, struct nf_conn *ct); int (*attach_expect)(const struct nlattr *attr, struct nf_conn *ct, u32 portid, u32 report); void (*seq_adjust)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nf_conn *ct, enum ip_conntrack_info ctinfo, s32 off); }; extern struct nfnl_ct_hook __rcu *nfnl_ct_hook; /** * nf_skb_duplicated - TEE target has sent a packet * * When a xtables target sends a packet, the OUTPUT and POSTROUTING * hooks are traversed again, i.e. nft and xtables are invoked recursively. * * This is used by xtables TEE target to prevent the duplicated skb from * being duplicated again. */ DECLARE_PER_CPU(bool, nf_skb_duplicated); #endif /*__LINUX_NETFILTER_H*/
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See the file COPYING in the main directory of the Linux * distribution for more details. */ #include <linux/cpu.h> #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <linux/cpuset.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/kmod.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/mempolicy.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/memory.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/fs_context.h> #include <linux/namei.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/proc_fs.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/deadline.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/stat.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/time64.h> #include <linux/backing-dev.h> #include <linux/sort.h> #include <linux/oom.h> #include <linux/sched/isolation.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/cgroup.h> #include <linux/wait.h> DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(cpusets_pre_enable_key); DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(cpusets_enabled_key); /* See "Frequency meter" comments, below. */ struct fmeter { int cnt; /* unprocessed events count */ int val; /* most recent output value */ time64_t time; /* clock (secs) when val computed */ spinlock_t lock; /* guards read or write of above */ }; struct cpuset { struct cgroup_subsys_state css; unsigned long flags; /* "unsigned long" so bitops work */ /* * On default hierarchy: * * The user-configured masks can only be changed by writing to * cpuset.cpus and cpuset.mems, and won't be limited by the * parent masks. * * The effective masks is the real masks that apply to the tasks * in the cpuset. They may be changed if the configured masks are * changed or hotplug happens. * * effective_mask == configured_mask & parent's effective_mask, * and if it ends up empty, it will inherit the parent's mask. * * * On legacy hierachy: * * The user-configured masks are always the same with effective masks. */ /* user-configured CPUs and Memory Nodes allow to tasks */ cpumask_var_t cpus_allowed; nodemask_t mems_allowed; /* effective CPUs and Memory Nodes allow to tasks */ cpumask_var_t effective_cpus; nodemask_t effective_mems; /* * CPUs allocated to child sub-partitions (default hierarchy only) * - CPUs granted by the parent = effective_cpus U subparts_cpus * - effective_cpus and subparts_cpus are mutually exclusive. * * effective_cpus contains only onlined CPUs, but subparts_cpus * may have offlined ones. */ cpumask_var_t subparts_cpus; /* * This is old Memory Nodes tasks took on. * * - top_cpuset.old_mems_allowed is initialized to mems_allowed. * - A new cpuset's old_mems_allowed is initialized when some * task is moved into it. * - old_mems_allowed is used in cpuset_migrate_mm() when we change * cpuset.mems_allowed and have tasks' nodemask updated, and * then old_mems_allowed is updated to mems_allowed. */ nodemask_t old_mems_allowed; struct fmeter fmeter; /* memory_pressure filter */ /* * Tasks are being attached to this cpuset. Used to prevent * zeroing cpus/mems_allowed between ->can_attach() and ->attach(). */ int attach_in_progress; /* partition number for rebuild_sched_domains() */ int pn; /* for custom sched domain */ int relax_domain_level; /* number of CPUs in subparts_cpus */ int nr_subparts_cpus; /* partition root state */ int partition_root_state; /* * Default hierarchy only: * use_parent_ecpus - set if using parent's effective_cpus * child_ecpus_count - # of children with use_parent_ecpus set */ int use_parent_ecpus; int child_ecpus_count; }; /* * Partition root states: * * 0 - not a partition root * * 1 - partition root * * -1 - invalid partition root * None of the cpus in cpus_allowed can be put into the parent's * subparts_cpus. In this case, the cpuset is not a real partition * root anymore. However, the CPU_EXCLUSIVE bit will still be set * and the cpuset can be restored back to a partition root if the * parent cpuset can give more CPUs back to this child cpuset. */ #define PRS_DISABLED 0 #define PRS_ENABLED 1 #define PRS_ERROR -1 /* * Temporary cpumasks for working with partitions that are passed among * functions to avoid memory allocation in inner functions. */ struct tmpmasks { cpumask_var_t addmask, delmask; /* For partition root */ cpumask_var_t new_cpus; /* For update_cpumasks_hier() */ }; static inline struct cpuset *css_cs(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css) { return css ? container_of(css, struct cpuset, css) : NULL; } /* Retrieve the cpuset for a task */ static inline struct cpuset *task_cs(struct task_struct *task) { return css_cs(task_css(task, cpuset_cgrp_id)); } static inline struct cpuset *parent_cs(struct cpuset *cs) { return css_cs(cs->css.parent); } /* bits in struct cpuset flags field */ typedef enum { CS_ONLINE, CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE, CS_MEM_EXCLUSIVE, CS_MEM_HARDWALL, CS_MEMORY_MIGRATE, CS_SCHED_LOAD_BALANCE, CS_SPREAD_PAGE, CS_SPREAD_SLAB, } cpuset_flagbits_t; /* convenient tests for these bits */ static inline bool is_cpuset_online(struct cpuset *cs) { return test_bit(CS_ONLINE, &cs->flags) && !css_is_dying(&cs->css); } static inline int is_cpu_exclusive(const struct cpuset *cs) { return test_bit(CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE, &cs->flags); } static inline int is_mem_exclusive(const struct cpuset *cs) { return test_bit(CS_MEM_EXCLUSIVE, &cs->flags); } static inline int is_mem_hardwall(const struct cpuset *cs) { return test_bit(CS_MEM_HARDWALL, &cs->flags); } static inline int is_sched_load_balance(const struct cpuset *cs) { return test_bit(CS_SCHED_LOAD_BALANCE, &cs->flags); } static inline int is_memory_migrate(const struct cpuset *cs) { return test_bit(CS_MEMORY_MIGRATE, &cs->flags); } static inline int is_spread_page(const struct cpuset *cs) { return test_bit(CS_SPREAD_PAGE, &cs->flags); } static inline int is_spread_slab(const struct cpuset *cs) { return test_bit(CS_SPREAD_SLAB, &cs->flags); } static inline int is_partition_root(const struct cpuset *cs) { return cs->partition_root_state > 0; } static struct cpuset top_cpuset = { .flags = ((1 << CS_ONLINE) | (1 << CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE) | (1 << CS_MEM_EXCLUSIVE)), .partition_root_state = PRS_ENABLED, }; /** * cpuset_for_each_child - traverse online children of a cpuset * @child_cs: loop cursor pointing to the current child * @pos_css: used for iteration * @parent_cs: target cpuset to walk children of * * Walk @child_cs through the online children of @parent_cs. Must be used * with RCU read locked. */ #define cpuset_for_each_child(child_cs, pos_css, parent_cs) \ css_for_each_child((pos_css), &(parent_cs)->css) \ if (is_cpuset_online(((child_cs) = css_cs((pos_css))))) /** * cpuset_for_each_descendant_pre - pre-order walk of a cpuset's descendants * @des_cs: loop cursor pointing to the current descendant * @pos_css: used for iteration * @root_cs: target cpuset to walk ancestor of * * Walk @des_cs through the online descendants of @root_cs. Must be used * with RCU read locked. The caller may modify @pos_css by calling * css_rightmost_descendant() to skip subtree. @root_cs is included in the * iteration and the first node to be visited. */ #define cpuset_for_each_descendant_pre(des_cs, pos_css, root_cs) \ css_for_each_descendant_pre((pos_css), &(root_cs)->css) \ if (is_cpuset_online(((des_cs) = css_cs((pos_css))))) /* * There are two global locks guarding cpuset structures - cpuset_mutex and * callback_lock. We also require taking task_lock() when dereferencing a * task's cpuset pointer. See "The task_lock() exception", at the end of this * comment. * * A task must hold both locks to modify cpusets. If a task holds * cpuset_mutex, then it blocks others wanting that mutex, ensuring that it * is the only task able to also acquire callback_lock and be able to * modify cpusets. It can perform various checks on the cpuset structure * first, knowing nothing will change. It can also allocate memory while * just holding cpuset_mutex. While it is performing these checks, various * callback routines can briefly acquire callback_lock to query cpusets. * Once it is ready to make the changes, it takes callback_lock, blocking * everyone else. * * Calls to the kernel memory allocator can not be made while holding * callback_lock, as that would risk double tripping on callback_lock * from one of the callbacks into the cpuset code from within * __alloc_pages(). * * If a task is only holding callback_lock, then it has read-only * access to cpusets. * * Now, the task_struct fields mems_allowed and mempolicy may be changed * by other task, we use alloc_lock in the task_struct fields to protect * them. * * The cpuset_common_file_read() handlers only hold callback_lock across * small pieces of code, such as when reading out possibly multi-word * cpumasks and nodemasks. * * Accessing a task's cpuset should be done in accordance with the * guidelines for accessing subsystem state in kernel/cgroup.c */ DEFINE_STATIC_PERCPU_RWSEM(cpuset_rwsem); void cpuset_read_lock(void) { percpu_down_read(&cpuset_rwsem); } void cpuset_read_unlock(void) { percpu_up_read(&cpuset_rwsem); } static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(callback_lock); static struct workqueue_struct *cpuset_migrate_mm_wq; /* * CPU / memory hotplug is handled asynchronously. */ static void cpuset_hotplug_workfn(struct work_struct *work); static DECLARE_WORK(cpuset_hotplug_work, cpuset_hotplug_workfn); static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(cpuset_attach_wq); /* * Cgroup v2 behavior is used on the "cpus" and "mems" control files when * on default hierarchy or when the cpuset_v2_mode flag is set by mounting * the v1 cpuset cgroup filesystem with the "cpuset_v2_mode" mount option. * With v2 behavior, "cpus" and "mems" are always what the users have * requested and won't be changed by hotplug events. Only the effective * cpus or mems will be affected. */ static inline bool is_in_v2_mode(void) { return cgroup_subsys_on_dfl(cpuset_cgrp_subsys) || (cpuset_cgrp_subsys.root->flags & CGRP_ROOT_CPUSET_V2_MODE); } /* * Return in pmask the portion of a cpusets's cpus_allowed that * are online. If none are online, walk up the cpuset hierarchy * until we find one that does have some online cpus. * * One way or another, we guarantee to return some non-empty subset * of cpu_online_mask. * * Call with callback_lock or cpuset_mutex held. */ static void guarantee_online_cpus(struct cpuset *cs, struct cpumask *pmask) { while (!cpumask_intersects(cs->effective_cpus, cpu_online_mask)) { cs = parent_cs(cs); if (unlikely(!cs)) { /* * The top cpuset doesn't have any online cpu as a * consequence of a race between cpuset_hotplug_work * and cpu hotplug notifier. But we know the top * cpuset's effective_cpus is on its way to be * identical to cpu_online_mask. */ cpumask_copy(pmask, cpu_online_mask); return; } } cpumask_and(pmask, cs->effective_cpus, cpu_online_mask); } /* * Return in *pmask the portion of a cpusets's mems_allowed that * are online, with memory. If none are online with memory, walk * up the cpuset hierarchy until we find one that does have some * online mems. The top cpuset always has some mems online. * * One way or another, we guarantee to return some non-empty subset * of node_states[N_MEMORY]. * * Call with callback_lock or cpuset_mutex held. */ static void guarantee_online_mems(struct cpuset *cs, nodemask_t *pmask) { while (!nodes_intersects(cs->effective_mems, node_states[N_MEMORY])) cs = parent_cs(cs); nodes_and(*pmask, cs->effective_mems, node_states[N_MEMORY]); } /* * update task's spread flag if cpuset's page/slab spread flag is set * * Call with callback_lock or cpuset_mutex held. */ static void cpuset_update_task_spread_flag(struct cpuset *cs, struct task_struct *tsk) { if (is_spread_page(cs)) task_set_spread_page(tsk); else task_clear_spread_page(tsk); if (is_spread_slab(cs)) task_set_spread_slab(tsk); else task_clear_spread_slab(tsk); } /* * is_cpuset_subset(p, q) - Is cpuset p a subset of cpuset q? * * One cpuset is a subset of another if all its allowed CPUs and * Memory Nodes are a subset of the other, and its exclusive flags * are only set if the other's are set. Call holding cpuset_mutex. */ static int is_cpuset_subset(const struct cpuset *p, const struct cpuset *q) { return cpumask_subset(p->cpus_allowed, q->cpus_allowed) && nodes_subset(p->mems_allowed, q->mems_allowed) && is_cpu_exclusive(p) <= is_cpu_exclusive(q) && is_mem_exclusive(p) <= is_mem_exclusive(q); } /** * alloc_cpumasks - allocate three cpumasks for cpuset * @cs: the cpuset that have cpumasks to be allocated. * @tmp: the tmpmasks structure pointer * Return: 0 if successful, -ENOMEM otherwise. * * Only one of the two input arguments should be non-NULL. */ static inline int alloc_cpumasks(struct cpuset *cs, struct tmpmasks *tmp) { cpumask_var_t *pmask1, *pmask2, *pmask3; if (cs) { pmask1 = &cs->cpus_allowed; pmask2 = &cs->effective_cpus; pmask3 = &cs->subparts_cpus; } else { pmask1 = &tmp->new_cpus; pmask2 = &tmp->addmask; pmask3 = &tmp->delmask; } if (!zalloc_cpumask_var(pmask1, GFP_KERNEL)) return -ENOMEM; if (!zalloc_cpumask_var(pmask2, GFP_KERNEL)) goto free_one; if (!zalloc_cpumask_var(pmask3, GFP_KERNEL)) goto free_two; return 0; free_two: free_cpumask_var(*pmask2); free_one: free_cpumask_var(*pmask1); return -ENOMEM; } /** * free_cpumasks - free cpumasks in a tmpmasks structure * @cs: the cpuset that have cpumasks to be free. * @tmp: the tmpmasks structure pointer */ static inline void free_cpumasks(struct cpuset *cs, struct tmpmasks *tmp) { if (cs) { free_cpumask_var(cs->cpus_allowed); free_cpumask_var(cs->effective_cpus); free_cpumask_var(cs->subparts_cpus); } if (tmp) { free_cpumask_var(tmp->new_cpus); free_cpumask_var(tmp->addmask); free_cpumask_var(tmp->delmask); } } /** * alloc_trial_cpuset - allocate a trial cpuset * @cs: the cpuset that the trial cpuset duplicates */ static struct cpuset *alloc_trial_cpuset(struct cpuset *cs) { struct cpuset *trial; trial = kmemdup(cs, sizeof(*cs), GFP_KERNEL); if (!trial) return NULL; if (alloc_cpumasks(trial, NULL)) { kfree(trial); return NULL; } cpumask_copy(trial->cpus_allowed, cs->cpus_allowed); cpumask_copy(trial->effective_cpus, cs->effective_cpus); return trial; } /** * free_cpuset - free the cpuset * @cs: the cpuset to be freed */ static inline void free_cpuset(struct cpuset *cs) { free_cpumasks(cs, NULL); kfree(cs); } /* * validate_change() - Used to validate that any proposed cpuset change * follows the structural rules for cpusets. * * If we replaced the flag and mask values of the current cpuset * (cur) with those values in the trial cpuset (trial), would * our various subset and exclusive rules still be valid? Presumes * cpuset_mutex held. * * 'cur' is the address of an actual, in-use cpuset. Operations * such as list traversal that depend on the actual address of the * cpuset in the list must use cur below, not trial. * * 'trial' is the address of bulk structure copy of cur, with * perhaps one or more of the fields cpus_allowed, mems_allowed, * or flags changed to new, trial values. * * Return 0 if valid, -errno if not. */ static int validate_change(struct cpuset *cur, struct cpuset *trial) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *css; struct cpuset *c, *par; int ret; rcu_read_lock(); /* Each of our child cpusets must be a subset of us */ ret = -EBUSY; cpuset_for_each_child(c, css, cur) if (!is_cpuset_subset(c, trial)) goto out; /* Remaining checks don't apply to root cpuset */ ret = 0; if (cur == &top_cpuset) goto out; par = parent_cs(cur); /* On legacy hiearchy, we must be a subset of our parent cpuset. */ ret = -EACCES; if (!is_in_v2_mode() && !is_cpuset_subset(trial, par)) goto out; /* * If either I or some sibling (!= me) is exclusive, we can't * overlap */ ret = -EINVAL; cpuset_for_each_child(c, css, par) { if ((is_cpu_exclusive(trial) || is_cpu_exclusive(c)) && c != cur && cpumask_intersects(trial->cpus_allowed, c->cpus_allowed)) goto out; if ((is_mem_exclusive(trial) || is_mem_exclusive(c)) && c != cur && nodes_intersects(trial->mems_allowed, c->mems_allowed)) goto out; } /* * Cpusets with tasks - existing or newly being attached - can't * be changed to have empty cpus_allowed or mems_allowed. */ ret = -ENOSPC; if ((cgroup_is_populated(cur->css.cgroup) || cur->attach_in_progress)) { if (!cpumask_empty(cur->cpus_allowed) && cpumask_empty(trial->cpus_allowed)) goto out; if (!nodes_empty(cur->mems_allowed) && nodes_empty(trial->mems_allowed)) goto out; } /* * We can't shrink if we won't have enough room for SCHED_DEADLINE * tasks. */ ret = -EBUSY; if (is_cpu_exclusive(cur) && !cpuset_cpumask_can_shrink(cur->cpus_allowed, trial->cpus_allowed)) goto out; ret = 0; out: rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } #ifdef CONFIG_SMP /* * Helper routine for generate_sched_domains(). * Do cpusets a, b have overlapping effective cpus_allowed masks? */ static int cpusets_overlap(struct cpuset *a, struct cpuset *b) { return cpumask_intersects(a->effective_cpus, b->effective_cpus); } static void update_domain_attr(struct sched_domain_attr *dattr, struct cpuset *c) { if (dattr->relax_domain_level < c->relax_domain_level) dattr->relax_domain_level = c->relax_domain_level; return; } static void update_domain_attr_tree(struct sched_domain_attr *dattr, struct cpuset *root_cs) { struct cpuset *cp; struct cgroup_subsys_state *pos_css; rcu_read_lock(); cpuset_for_each_descendant_pre(cp, pos_css, root_cs) { /* skip the whole subtree if @cp doesn't have any CPU */ if (cpumask_empty(cp->cpus_allowed)) { pos_css = css_rightmost_descendant(pos_css); continue; } if (is_sched_load_balance(cp)) update_domain_attr(dattr, cp); } rcu_read_unlock(); } /* Must be called with cpuset_mutex held. */ static inline int nr_cpusets(void) { /* jump label reference count + the top-level cpuset */ return static_key_count(&cpusets_enabled_key.key) + 1; } /* * generate_sched_domains() * * This function builds a partial partition of the systems CPUs * A 'partial partition' is a set of non-overlapping subsets whose * union is a subset of that set. * The output of this function needs to be passed to kernel/sched/core.c * partition_sched_domains() routine, which will rebuild the scheduler's * load balancing domains (sched domains) as specified by that partial * partition. * * See "What is sched_load_balance" in Documentation/admin-guide/cgroup-v1/cpusets.rst * for a background explanation of this. * * Does not return errors, on the theory that the callers of this * routine would rather not worry about failures to rebuild sched * domains when operating in the severe memory shortage situations * that could cause allocation failures below. * * Must be called with cpuset_mutex held. * * The three key local variables below are: * cp - cpuset pointer, used (together with pos_css) to perform a * top-down scan of all cpusets. For our purposes, rebuilding * the schedulers sched domains, we can ignore !is_sched_load_ * balance cpusets. * csa - (for CpuSet Array) Array of pointers to all the cpusets * that need to be load balanced, for convenient iterative * access by the subsequent code that finds the best partition, * i.e the set of domains (subsets) of CPUs such that the * cpus_allowed of every cpuset marked is_sched_load_balance * is a subset of one of these domains, while there are as * many such domains as possible, each as small as possible. * doms - Conversion of 'csa' to an array of cpumasks, for passing to * the kernel/sched/core.c routine partition_sched_domains() in a * convenient format, that can be easily compared to the prior * value to determine what partition elements (sched domains) * were changed (added or removed.) * * Finding the best partition (set of domains): * The triple nested loops below over i, j, k scan over the * load balanced cpusets (using the array of cpuset pointers in * csa[]) looking for pairs of cpusets that have overlapping * cpus_allowed, but which don't have the same 'pn' partition * number and gives them in the same partition number. It keeps * looping on the 'restart' label until it can no longer find * any such pairs. * * The union of the cpus_allowed masks from the set of * all cpusets having the same 'pn' value then form the one * element of the partition (one sched domain) to be passed to * partition_sched_domains(). */ static int generate_sched_domains(cpumask_var_t **domains, struct sched_domain_attr **attributes) { struct cpuset *cp; /* top-down scan of cpusets */ struct cpuset **csa; /* array of all cpuset ptrs */ int csn; /* how many cpuset ptrs in csa so far */ int i, j, k; /* indices for partition finding loops */ cpumask_var_t *doms; /* resulting partition; i.e. sched domains */ struct sched_domain_attr *dattr; /* attributes for custom domains */ int ndoms = 0; /* number of sched domains in result */ int nslot; /* next empty doms[] struct cpumask slot */ struct cgroup_subsys_state *pos_css; bool root_load_balance = is_sched_load_balance(&top_cpuset); doms = NULL; dattr = NULL; csa = NULL; /* Special case for the 99% of systems with one, full, sched domain */ if (root_load_balance && !top_cpuset.nr_subparts_cpus) { ndoms = 1; doms = alloc_sched_domains(ndoms); if (!doms) goto done; dattr = kmalloc(sizeof(struct sched_domain_attr), GFP_KERNEL); if (dattr) { *dattr = SD_ATTR_INIT; update_domain_attr_tree(dattr, &top_cpuset); } cpumask_and(doms[0], top_cpuset.effective_cpus, housekeeping_cpumask(HK_FLAG_DOMAIN)); goto done; } csa = kmalloc_array(nr_cpusets(), sizeof(cp), GFP_KERNEL); if (!csa) goto done; csn = 0; rcu_read_lock(); if (root_load_balance) csa[csn++] = &top_cpuset; cpuset_for_each_descendant_pre(cp, pos_css, &top_cpuset) { if (cp == &top_cpuset) continue; /* * Continue traversing beyond @cp iff @cp has some CPUs and * isn't load balancing. The former is obvious. The * latter: All child cpusets contain a subset of the * parent's cpus, so just skip them, and then we call * update_domain_attr_tree() to calc relax_domain_level of * the corresponding sched domain. * * If root is load-balancing, we can skip @cp if it * is a subset of the root's effective_cpus. */ if (!cpumask_empty(cp->cpus_allowed) && !(is_sched_load_balance(cp) && cpumask_intersects(cp->cpus_allowed, housekeeping_cpumask(HK_FLAG_DOMAIN)))) continue; if (root_load_balance && cpumask_subset(cp->cpus_allowed, top_cpuset.effective_cpus)) continue; if (is_sched_load_balance(cp) && !cpumask_empty(cp->effective_cpus)) csa[csn++] = cp; /* skip @cp's subtree if not a partition root */ if (!is_partition_root(cp)) pos_css = css_rightmost_descendant(pos_css); } rcu_read_unlock(); for (i = 0; i < csn; i++) csa[i]->pn = i; ndoms = csn; restart: /* Find the best partition (set of sched domains) */ for (i = 0; i < csn; i++) { struct cpuset *a = csa[i]; int apn = a->pn; for (j = 0; j < csn; j++) { struct cpuset *b = csa[j]; int bpn = b->pn; if (apn != bpn && cpusets_overlap(a, b)) { for (k = 0; k < csn; k++) { struct cpuset *c = csa[k]; if (c->pn == bpn) c->pn = apn; } ndoms--; /* one less element */ goto restart; } } } /* * Now we know how many domains to create. * Convert <csn, csa> to <ndoms, doms> and populate cpu masks. */ doms = alloc_sched_domains(ndoms); if (!doms) goto done; /* * The rest of the code, including the scheduler, can deal with * dattr==NULL case. No need to abort if alloc fails. */ dattr = kmalloc_array(ndoms, sizeof(struct sched_domain_attr), GFP_KERNEL); for (nslot = 0, i = 0; i < csn; i++) { struct cpuset *a = csa[i]; struct cpumask *dp; int apn = a->pn; if (apn < 0) { /* Skip completed partitions */ continue; } dp = doms[nslot]; if (nslot == ndoms) { static int warnings = 10; if (warnings) { pr_warn("rebuild_sched_domains confused: nslot %d, ndoms %d, csn %d, i %d, apn %d\n", nslot, ndoms, csn, i, apn); warnings--; } continue; } cpumask_clear(dp); if (dattr) *(dattr + nslot) = SD_ATTR_INIT; for (j = i; j < csn; j++) { struct cpuset *b = csa[j]; if (apn == b->pn) { cpumask_or(dp, dp, b->effective_cpus); cpumask_and(dp, dp, housekeeping_cpumask(HK_FLAG_DOMAIN)); if (dattr) update_domain_attr_tree(dattr + nslot, b); /* Done with this partition */ b->pn = -1; } } nslot++; } BUG_ON(nslot != ndoms); done: kfree(csa); /* * Fallback to the default domain if kmalloc() failed. * See comments in partition_sched_domains(). */ if (doms == NULL) ndoms = 1; *domains = doms; *attributes = dattr; return ndoms; } static void update_tasks_root_domain(struct cpuset *cs) { struct css_task_iter it; struct task_struct *task; css_task_iter_start(&cs->css, 0, &it); while ((task = css_task_iter_next(&it))) dl_add_task_root_domain(task); css_task_iter_end(&it); } static void rebuild_root_domains(void) { struct cpuset *cs = NULL; struct cgroup_subsys_state *pos_css; percpu_rwsem_assert_held(&cpuset_rwsem); lockdep_assert_cpus_held(); lockdep_assert_held(&sched_domains_mutex); rcu_read_lock(); /* * Clear default root domain DL accounting, it will be computed again * if a task belongs to it. */ dl_clear_root_domain(&def_root_domain); cpuset_for_each_descendant_pre(cs, pos_css, &top_cpuset) { if (cpumask_empty(cs->effective_cpus)) { pos_css = css_rightmost_descendant(pos_css); continue; } css_get(&cs->css); rcu_read_unlock(); update_tasks_root_domain(cs); rcu_read_lock(); css_put(&cs->css); } rcu_read_unlock(); } static void partition_and_rebuild_sched_domains(int ndoms_new, cpumask_var_t doms_new[], struct sched_domain_attr *dattr_new) { mutex_lock(&sched_domains_mutex); partition_sched_domains_locked(ndoms_new, doms_new, dattr_new); rebuild_root_domains(); mutex_unlock(&sched_domains_mutex); } /* * Rebuild scheduler domains. * * If the flag 'sched_load_balance' of any cpuset with non-empty * 'cpus' changes, or if the 'cpus' allowed changes in any cpuset * which has that flag enabled, or if any cpuset with a non-empty * 'cpus' is removed, then call this routine to rebuild the * scheduler's dynamic sched domains. * * Call with cpuset_mutex held. Takes get_online_cpus(). */ static void rebuild_sched_domains_locked(void) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *pos_css; struct sched_domain_attr *attr; cpumask_var_t *doms; struct cpuset *cs; int ndoms; lockdep_assert_cpus_held(); percpu_rwsem_assert_held(&cpuset_rwsem); /* * If we have raced with CPU hotplug, return early to avoid * passing doms with offlined cpu to partition_sched_domains(). * Anyways, cpuset_hotplug_workfn() will rebuild sched domains. * * With no CPUs in any subpartitions, top_cpuset's effective CPUs * should be the same as the active CPUs, so checking only top_cpuset * is enough to detect racing CPU offlines. */ if (!top_cpuset.nr_subparts_cpus && !cpumask_equal(top_cpuset.effective_cpus, cpu_active_mask)) return; /* * With subpartition CPUs, however, the effective CPUs of a partition * root should be only a subset of the active CPUs. Since a CPU in any * partition root could be offlined, all must be checked. */ if (top_cpuset.nr_subparts_cpus) { rcu_read_lock(); cpuset_for_each_descendant_pre(cs, pos_css, &top_cpuset) { if (!is_partition_root(cs)) { pos_css = css_rightmost_descendant(pos_css); continue; } if (!cpumask_subset(cs->effective_cpus, cpu_active_mask)) { rcu_read_unlock(); return; } } rcu_read_unlock(); } /* Generate domain masks and attrs */ ndoms = generate_sched_domains(&doms, &attr); /* Have scheduler rebuild the domains */ partition_and_rebuild_sched_domains(ndoms, doms, attr); } #else /* !CONFIG_SMP */ static void rebuild_sched_domains_locked(void) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ void rebuild_sched_domains(void) { get_online_cpus(); percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); rebuild_sched_domains_locked(); percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); put_online_cpus(); } /** * update_tasks_cpumask - Update the cpumasks of tasks in the cpuset. * @cs: the cpuset in which each task's cpus_allowed mask needs to be changed * * Iterate through each task of @cs updating its cpus_allowed to the * effective cpuset's. As this function is called with cpuset_mutex held, * cpuset membership stays stable. */ static void update_tasks_cpumask(struct cpuset *cs) { struct css_task_iter it; struct task_struct *task; css_task_iter_start(&cs->css, 0, &it); while ((task = css_task_iter_next(&it))) set_cpus_allowed_ptr(task, cs->effective_cpus); css_task_iter_end(&it); } /** * compute_effective_cpumask - Compute the effective cpumask of the cpuset * @new_cpus: the temp variable for the new effective_cpus mask * @cs: the cpuset the need to recompute the new effective_cpus mask * @parent: the parent cpuset * * If the parent has subpartition CPUs, include them in the list of * allowable CPUs in computing the new effective_cpus mask. Since offlined * CPUs are not removed from subparts_cpus, we have to use cpu_active_mask * to mask those out. */ static void compute_effective_cpumask(struct cpumask *new_cpus, struct cpuset *cs, struct cpuset *parent) { if (parent->nr_subparts_cpus) { cpumask_or(new_cpus, parent->effective_cpus, parent->subparts_cpus); cpumask_and(new_cpus, new_cpus, cs->cpus_allowed); cpumask_and(new_cpus, new_cpus, cpu_active_mask); } else { cpumask_and(new_cpus, cs->cpus_allowed, parent->effective_cpus); } } /* * Commands for update_parent_subparts_cpumask */ enum subparts_cmd { partcmd_enable, /* Enable partition root */ partcmd_disable, /* Disable partition root */ partcmd_update, /* Update parent's subparts_cpus */ }; /** * update_parent_subparts_cpumask - update subparts_cpus mask of parent cpuset * @cpuset: The cpuset that requests change in partition root state * @cmd: Partition root state change command * @newmask: Optional new cpumask for partcmd_update * @tmp: Temporary addmask and delmask * Return: 0, 1 or an error code * * For partcmd_enable, the cpuset is being transformed from a non-partition * root to a partition root. The cpus_allowed mask of the given cpuset will * be put into parent's subparts_cpus and taken away from parent's * effective_cpus. The function will return 0 if all the CPUs listed in * cpus_allowed can be granted or an error code will be returned. * * For partcmd_disable, the cpuset is being transofrmed from a partition * root back to a non-partition root. Any CPUs in cpus_allowed that are in * parent's subparts_cpus will be taken away from that cpumask and put back * into parent's effective_cpus. 0 should always be returned. * * For partcmd_update, if the optional newmask is specified, the cpu * list is to be changed from cpus_allowed to newmask. Otherwise, * cpus_allowed is assumed to remain the same. The cpuset should either * be a partition root or an invalid partition root. The partition root * state may change if newmask is NULL and none of the requested CPUs can * be granted by the parent. The function will return 1 if changes to * parent's subparts_cpus and effective_cpus happen or 0 otherwise. * Error code should only be returned when newmask is non-NULL. * * The partcmd_enable and partcmd_disable commands are used by * update_prstate(). The partcmd_update command is used by * update_cpumasks_hier() with newmask NULL and update_cpumask() with * newmask set. * * The checking is more strict when enabling partition root than the * other two commands. * * Because of the implicit cpu exclusive nature of a partition root, * cpumask changes that violates the cpu exclusivity rule will not be * permitted when checked by validate_change(). The validate_change() * function will also prevent any changes to the cpu list if it is not * a superset of children's cpu lists. */ static int update_parent_subparts_cpumask(struct cpuset *cpuset, int cmd, struct cpumask *newmask, struct tmpmasks *tmp) { struct cpuset *parent = parent_cs(cpuset); int adding; /* Moving cpus from effective_cpus to subparts_cpus */ int deleting; /* Moving cpus from subparts_cpus to effective_cpus */ int new_prs; bool part_error = false; /* Partition error? */ percpu_rwsem_assert_held(&cpuset_rwsem); /* * The parent must be a partition root. * The new cpumask, if present, or the current cpus_allowed must * not be empty. */ if (!is_partition_root(parent) || (newmask && cpumask_empty(newmask)) || (!newmask && cpumask_empty(cpuset->cpus_allowed))) return -EINVAL; /* * Enabling/disabling partition root is not allowed if there are * online children. */ if ((cmd != partcmd_update) && css_has_online_children(&cpuset->css)) return -EBUSY; /* * Enabling partition root is not allowed if not all the CPUs * can be granted from parent's effective_cpus or at least one * CPU will be left after that. */ if ((cmd == partcmd_enable) && (!cpumask_subset(cpuset->cpus_allowed, parent->effective_cpus) || cpumask_equal(cpuset->cpus_allowed, parent->effective_cpus))) return -EINVAL; /* * A cpumask update cannot make parent's effective_cpus become empty. */ adding = deleting = false; new_prs = cpuset->partition_root_state; if (cmd == partcmd_enable) { cpumask_copy(tmp->addmask, cpuset->cpus_allowed); adding = true; } else if (cmd == partcmd_disable) { deleting = cpumask_and(tmp->delmask, cpuset->cpus_allowed, parent->subparts_cpus); } else if (newmask) { /* * partcmd_update with newmask: * * delmask = cpus_allowed & ~newmask & parent->subparts_cpus * addmask = newmask & parent->effective_cpus * & ~parent->subparts_cpus */ cpumask_andnot(tmp->delmask, cpuset->cpus_allowed, newmask); deleting = cpumask_and(tmp->delmask, tmp->delmask, parent->subparts_cpus); cpumask_and(tmp->addmask, newmask, parent->effective_cpus); adding = cpumask_andnot(tmp->addmask, tmp->addmask, parent->subparts_cpus); /* * Return error if the new effective_cpus could become empty. */ if (adding && cpumask_equal(parent->effective_cpus, tmp->addmask)) { if (!deleting) return -EINVAL; /* * As some of the CPUs in subparts_cpus might have * been offlined, we need to compute the real delmask * to confirm that. */ if (!cpumask_and(tmp->addmask, tmp->delmask, cpu_active_mask)) return -EINVAL; cpumask_copy(tmp->addmask, parent->effective_cpus); } } else { /* * partcmd_update w/o newmask: * * addmask = cpus_allowed & parent->effective_cpus * * Note that parent's subparts_cpus may have been * pre-shrunk in case there is a change in the cpu list. * So no deletion is needed. */ adding = cpumask_and(tmp->addmask, cpuset->cpus_allowed, parent->effective_cpus); part_error = cpumask_equal(tmp->addmask, parent->effective_cpus); } if (cmd == partcmd_update) { int prev_prs = cpuset->partition_root_state; /* * Check for possible transition between PRS_ENABLED * and PRS_ERROR. */ switch (cpuset->partition_root_state) { case PRS_ENABLED: if (part_error) new_prs = PRS_ERROR; break; case PRS_ERROR: if (!part_error) new_prs = PRS_ENABLED; break; } /* * Set part_error if previously in invalid state. */ part_error = (prev_prs == PRS_ERROR); } if (!part_error && (new_prs == PRS_ERROR)) return 0; /* Nothing need to be done */ if (new_prs == PRS_ERROR) { /* * Remove all its cpus from parent's subparts_cpus. */ adding = false; deleting = cpumask_and(tmp->delmask, cpuset->cpus_allowed, parent->subparts_cpus); } if (!adding && !deleting && (new_prs == cpuset->partition_root_state)) return 0; /* * Change the parent's subparts_cpus. * Newly added CPUs will be removed from effective_cpus and * newly deleted ones will be added back to effective_cpus. */ spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); if (adding) { cpumask_or(parent->subparts_cpus, parent->subparts_cpus, tmp->addmask); cpumask_andnot(parent->effective_cpus, parent->effective_cpus, tmp->addmask); } if (deleting) { cpumask_andnot(parent->subparts_cpus, parent->subparts_cpus, tmp->delmask); /* * Some of the CPUs in subparts_cpus might have been offlined. */ cpumask_and(tmp->delmask, tmp->delmask, cpu_active_mask); cpumask_or(parent->effective_cpus, parent->effective_cpus, tmp->delmask); } parent->nr_subparts_cpus = cpumask_weight(parent->subparts_cpus); if (cpuset->partition_root_state != new_prs) cpuset->partition_root_state = new_prs; spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); return cmd == partcmd_update; } /* * update_cpumasks_hier - Update effective cpumasks and tasks in the subtree * @cs: the cpuset to consider * @tmp: temp variables for calculating effective_cpus & partition setup * * When congifured cpumask is changed, the effective cpumasks of this cpuset * and all its descendants need to be updated. * * On legacy hierachy, effective_cpus will be the same with cpu_allowed. * * Called with cpuset_mutex held */ static void update_cpumasks_hier(struct cpuset *cs, struct tmpmasks *tmp) { struct cpuset *cp; struct cgroup_subsys_state *pos_css; bool need_rebuild_sched_domains = false; int new_prs; rcu_read_lock(); cpuset_for_each_descendant_pre(cp, pos_css, cs) { struct cpuset *parent = parent_cs(cp); compute_effective_cpumask(tmp->new_cpus, cp, parent); /* * If it becomes empty, inherit the effective mask of the * parent, which is guaranteed to have some CPUs. */ if (is_in_v2_mode() && cpumask_empty(tmp->new_cpus)) { cpumask_copy(tmp->new_cpus, parent->effective_cpus); if (!cp->use_parent_ecpus) { cp->use_parent_ecpus = true; parent->child_ecpus_count++; } } else if (cp->use_parent_ecpus) { cp->use_parent_ecpus = false; WARN_ON_ONCE(!parent->child_ecpus_count); parent->child_ecpus_count--; } /* * Skip the whole subtree if the cpumask remains the same * and has no partition root state. */ if (!cp->partition_root_state && cpumask_equal(tmp->new_cpus, cp->effective_cpus)) { pos_css = css_rightmost_descendant(pos_css); continue; } /* * update_parent_subparts_cpumask() should have been called * for cs already in update_cpumask(). We should also call * update_tasks_cpumask() again for tasks in the parent * cpuset if the parent's subparts_cpus changes. */ new_prs = cp->partition_root_state; if ((cp != cs) && new_prs) { switch (parent->partition_root_state) { case PRS_DISABLED: /* * If parent is not a partition root or an * invalid partition root, clear its state * and its CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE flag. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(cp->partition_root_state != PRS_ERROR); new_prs = PRS_DISABLED; /* * clear_bit() is an atomic operation and * readers aren't interested in the state * of CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE anyway. So we can * just update the flag without holding * the callback_lock. */ clear_bit(CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE, &cp->flags); break; case PRS_ENABLED: if (update_parent_subparts_cpumask(cp, partcmd_update, NULL, tmp)) update_tasks_cpumask(parent); break; case PRS_ERROR: /* * When parent is invalid, it has to be too. */ new_prs = PRS_ERROR; break; } } if (!css_tryget_online(&cp->css)) continue; rcu_read_unlock(); spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); cpumask_copy(cp->effective_cpus, tmp->new_cpus); if (cp->nr_subparts_cpus && (new_prs != PRS_ENABLED)) { cp->nr_subparts_cpus = 0; cpumask_clear(cp->subparts_cpus); } else if (cp->nr_subparts_cpus) { /* * Make sure that effective_cpus & subparts_cpus * are mutually exclusive. * * In the unlikely event that effective_cpus * becomes empty. we clear cp->nr_subparts_cpus and * let its child partition roots to compete for * CPUs again. */ cpumask_andnot(cp->effective_cpus, cp->effective_cpus, cp->subparts_cpus); if (cpumask_empty(cp->effective_cpus)) { cpumask_copy(cp->effective_cpus, tmp->new_cpus); cpumask_clear(cp->subparts_cpus); cp->nr_subparts_cpus = 0; } else if (!cpumask_subset(cp->subparts_cpus, tmp->new_cpus)) { cpumask_andnot(cp->subparts_cpus, cp->subparts_cpus, tmp->new_cpus); cp->nr_subparts_cpus = cpumask_weight(cp->subparts_cpus); } } if (new_prs != cp->partition_root_state) cp->partition_root_state = new_prs; spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); WARN_ON(!is_in_v2_mode() && !cpumask_equal(cp->cpus_allowed, cp->effective_cpus)); update_tasks_cpumask(cp); /* * On legacy hierarchy, if the effective cpumask of any non- * empty cpuset is changed, we need to rebuild sched domains. * On default hierarchy, the cpuset needs to be a partition * root as well. */ if (!cpumask_empty(cp->cpus_allowed) && is_sched_load_balance(cp) && (!cgroup_subsys_on_dfl(cpuset_cgrp_subsys) || is_partition_root(cp))) need_rebuild_sched_domains = true; rcu_read_lock(); css_put(&cp->css); } rcu_read_unlock(); if (need_rebuild_sched_domains) rebuild_sched_domains_locked(); } /** * update_sibling_cpumasks - Update siblings cpumasks * @parent: Parent cpuset * @cs: Current cpuset * @tmp: Temp variables */ static void update_sibling_cpumasks(struct cpuset *parent, struct cpuset *cs, struct tmpmasks *tmp) { struct cpuset *sibling; struct cgroup_subsys_state *pos_css; /* * Check all its siblings and call update_cpumasks_hier() * if their use_parent_ecpus flag is set in order for them * to use the right effective_cpus value. */ rcu_read_lock(); cpuset_for_each_child(sibling, pos_css, parent) { if (sibling == cs) continue; if (!sibling->use_parent_ecpus) continue; update_cpumasks_hier(sibling, tmp); } rcu_read_unlock(); } /** * update_cpumask - update the cpus_allowed mask of a cpuset and all tasks in it * @cs: the cpuset to consider * @trialcs: trial cpuset * @buf: buffer of cpu numbers written to this cpuset */ static int update_cpumask(struct cpuset *cs, struct cpuset *trialcs, const char *buf) { int retval; struct tmpmasks tmp; /* top_cpuset.cpus_allowed tracks cpu_online_mask; it's read-only */ if (cs == &top_cpuset) return -EACCES; /* * An empty cpus_allowed is ok only if the cpuset has no tasks. * Since cpulist_parse() fails on an empty mask, we special case * that parsing. The validate_change() call ensures that cpusets * with tasks have cpus. */ if (!*buf) { cpumask_clear(trialcs->cpus_allowed); } else { retval = cpulist_parse(buf, trialcs->cpus_allowed); if (retval < 0) return retval; if (!cpumask_subset(trialcs->cpus_allowed, top_cpuset.cpus_allowed)) return -EINVAL; } /* Nothing to do if the cpus didn't change */ if (cpumask_equal(cs->cpus_allowed, trialcs->cpus_allowed)) return 0; retval = validate_change(cs, trialcs); if (retval < 0) return retval; #ifdef CONFIG_CPUMASK_OFFSTACK /* * Use the cpumasks in trialcs for tmpmasks when they are pointers * to allocated cpumasks. */ tmp.addmask = trialcs->subparts_cpus; tmp.delmask = trialcs->effective_cpus; tmp.new_cpus = trialcs->cpus_allowed; #endif if (cs->partition_root_state) { /* Cpumask of a partition root cannot be empty */ if (cpumask_empty(trialcs->cpus_allowed)) return -EINVAL; if (update_parent_subparts_cpumask(cs, partcmd_update, trialcs->cpus_allowed, &tmp) < 0) return -EINVAL; } spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); cpumask_copy(cs->cpus_allowed, trialcs->cpus_allowed); /* * Make sure that subparts_cpus is a subset of cpus_allowed. */ if (cs->nr_subparts_cpus) { cpumask_andnot(cs->subparts_cpus, cs->subparts_cpus, cs->cpus_allowed); cs->nr_subparts_cpus = cpumask_weight(cs->subparts_cpus); } spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); update_cpumasks_hier(cs, &tmp); if (cs->partition_root_state) { struct cpuset *parent = parent_cs(cs); /* * For partition root, update the cpumasks of sibling * cpusets if they use parent's effective_cpus. */ if (parent->child_ecpus_count) update_sibling_cpumasks(parent, cs, &tmp); } return 0; } /* * Migrate memory region from one set of nodes to another. This is * performed asynchronously as it can be called from process migration path * holding locks involved in process management. All mm migrations are * performed in the queued order and can be waited for by flushing * cpuset_migrate_mm_wq. */ struct cpuset_migrate_mm_work { struct work_struct work; struct mm_struct *mm; nodemask_t from; nodemask_t to; }; static void cpuset_migrate_mm_workfn(struct work_struct *work) { struct cpuset_migrate_mm_work *mwork = container_of(work, struct cpuset_migrate_mm_work, work); /* on a wq worker, no need to worry about %current's mems_allowed */ do_migrate_pages(mwork->mm, &mwork->from, &mwork->to, MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL); mmput(mwork->mm); kfree(mwork); } static void cpuset_migrate_mm(struct mm_struct *mm, const nodemask_t *from, const nodemask_t *to) { struct cpuset_migrate_mm_work *mwork; mwork = kzalloc(sizeof(*mwork), GFP_KERNEL); if (mwork) { mwork->mm = mm; mwork->from = *from; mwork->to = *to; INIT_WORK(&mwork->work, cpuset_migrate_mm_workfn); queue_work(cpuset_migrate_mm_wq, &mwork->work); } else { mmput(mm); } } static void cpuset_post_attach(void) { flush_workqueue(cpuset_migrate_mm_wq); } /* * cpuset_change_task_nodemask - change task's mems_allowed and mempolicy * @tsk: the task to change * @newmems: new nodes that the task will be set * * We use the mems_allowed_seq seqlock to safely update both tsk->mems_allowed * and rebind an eventual tasks' mempolicy. If the task is allocating in * parallel, it might temporarily see an empty intersection, which results in * a seqlock check and retry before OOM or allocation failure. */ static void cpuset_change_task_nodemask(struct task_struct *tsk, nodemask_t *newmems) { task_lock(tsk); local_irq_disable(); write_seqcount_begin(&tsk->mems_allowed_seq); nodes_or(tsk->mems_allowed, tsk->mems_allowed, *newmems); mpol_rebind_task(tsk, newmems); tsk->mems_allowed = *newmems; write_seqcount_end(&tsk->mems_allowed_seq); local_irq_enable(); task_unlock(tsk); } static void *cpuset_being_rebound; /** * update_tasks_nodemask - Update the nodemasks of tasks in the cpuset. * @cs: the cpuset in which each task's mems_allowed mask needs to be changed * * Iterate through each task of @cs updating its mems_allowed to the * effective cpuset's. As this function is called with cpuset_mutex held, * cpuset membership stays stable. */ static void update_tasks_nodemask(struct cpuset *cs) { static nodemask_t newmems; /* protected by cpuset_mutex */ struct css_task_iter it; struct task_struct *task; cpuset_being_rebound = cs; /* causes mpol_dup() rebind */ guarantee_online_mems(cs, &newmems); /* * The mpol_rebind_mm() call takes mmap_lock, which we couldn't * take while holding tasklist_lock. Forks can happen - the * mpol_dup() cpuset_being_rebound check will catch such forks, * and rebind their vma mempolicies too. Because we still hold * the global cpuset_mutex, we know that no other rebind effort * will be contending for the global variable cpuset_being_rebound. * It's ok if we rebind the same mm twice; mpol_rebind_mm() * is idempotent. Also migrate pages in each mm to new nodes. */ css_task_iter_start(&cs->css, 0, &it); while ((task = css_task_iter_next(&it))) { struct mm_struct *mm; bool migrate; cpuset_change_task_nodemask(task, &newmems); mm = get_task_mm(task); if (!mm) continue; migrate = is_memory_migrate(cs); mpol_rebind_mm(mm, &cs->mems_allowed); if (migrate) cpuset_migrate_mm(mm, &cs->old_mems_allowed, &newmems); else mmput(mm); } css_task_iter_end(&it); /* * All the tasks' nodemasks have been updated, update * cs->old_mems_allowed. */ cs->old_mems_allowed = newmems; /* We're done rebinding vmas to this cpuset's new mems_allowed. */ cpuset_being_rebound = NULL; } /* * update_nodemasks_hier - Update effective nodemasks and tasks in the subtree * @cs: the cpuset to consider * @new_mems: a temp variable for calculating new effective_mems * * When configured nodemask is changed, the effective nodemasks of this cpuset * and all its descendants need to be updated. * * On legacy hiearchy, effective_mems will be the same with mems_allowed. * * Called with cpuset_mutex held */ static void update_nodemasks_hier(struct cpuset *cs, nodemask_t *new_mems) { struct cpuset *cp; struct cgroup_subsys_state *pos_css; rcu_read_lock(); cpuset_for_each_descendant_pre(cp, pos_css, cs) { struct cpuset *parent = parent_cs(cp); nodes_and(*new_mems, cp->mems_allowed, parent->effective_mems); /* * If it becomes empty, inherit the effective mask of the * parent, which is guaranteed to have some MEMs. */ if (is_in_v2_mode() && nodes_empty(*new_mems)) *new_mems = parent->effective_mems; /* Skip the whole subtree if the nodemask remains the same. */ if (nodes_equal(*new_mems, cp->effective_mems)) { pos_css = css_rightmost_descendant(pos_css); continue; } if (!css_tryget_online(&cp->css)) continue; rcu_read_unlock(); spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); cp->effective_mems = *new_mems; spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); WARN_ON(!is_in_v2_mode() && !nodes_equal(cp->mems_allowed, cp->effective_mems)); update_tasks_nodemask(cp); rcu_read_lock(); css_put(&cp->css); } rcu_read_unlock(); } /* * Handle user request to change the 'mems' memory placement * of a cpuset. Needs to validate the request, update the * cpusets mems_allowed, and for each task in the cpuset, * update mems_allowed and rebind task's mempolicy and any vma * mempolicies and if the cpuset is marked 'memory_migrate', * migrate the tasks pages to the new memory. * * Call with cpuset_mutex held. May take callback_lock during call. * Will take tasklist_lock, scan tasklist for tasks in cpuset cs, * lock each such tasks mm->mmap_lock, scan its vma's and rebind * their mempolicies to the cpusets new mems_allowed. */ static int update_nodemask(struct cpuset *cs, struct cpuset *trialcs, const char *buf) { int retval; /* * top_cpuset.mems_allowed tracks node_stats[N_MEMORY]; * it's read-only */ if (cs == &top_cpuset) { retval = -EACCES; goto done; } /* * An empty mems_allowed is ok iff there are no tasks in the cpuset. * Since nodelist_parse() fails on an empty mask, we special case * that parsing. The validate_change() call ensures that cpusets * with tasks have memory. */ if (!*buf) { nodes_clear(trialcs->mems_allowed); } else { retval = nodelist_parse(buf, trialcs->mems_allowed); if (retval < 0) goto done; if (!nodes_subset(trialcs->mems_allowed, top_cpuset.mems_allowed)) { retval = -EINVAL; goto done; } } if (nodes_equal(cs->mems_allowed, trialcs->mems_allowed)) { retval = 0; /* Too easy - nothing to do */ goto done; } retval = validate_change(cs, trialcs); if (retval < 0) goto done; spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); cs->mems_allowed = trialcs->mems_allowed; spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); /* use trialcs->mems_allowed as a temp variable */ update_nodemasks_hier(cs, &trialcs->mems_allowed); done: return retval; } bool current_cpuset_is_being_rebound(void) { bool ret; rcu_read_lock(); ret = task_cs(current) == cpuset_being_rebound; rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } static int update_relax_domain_level(struct cpuset *cs, s64 val) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP if (val < -1 || val >= sched_domain_level_max) return -EINVAL; #endif if (val != cs->relax_domain_level) { cs->relax_domain_level = val; if (!cpumask_empty(cs->cpus_allowed) && is_sched_load_balance(cs)) rebuild_sched_domains_locked(); } return 0; } /** * update_tasks_flags - update the spread flags of tasks in the cpuset. * @cs: the cpuset in which each task's spread flags needs to be changed * * Iterate through each task of @cs updating its spread flags. As this * function is called with cpuset_mutex held, cpuset membership stays * stable. */ static void update_tasks_flags(struct cpuset *cs) { struct css_task_iter it; struct task_struct *task; css_task_iter_start(&cs->css, 0, &it); while ((task = css_task_iter_next(&it))) cpuset_update_task_spread_flag(cs, task); css_task_iter_end(&it); } /* * update_flag - read a 0 or a 1 in a file and update associated flag * bit: the bit to update (see cpuset_flagbits_t) * cs: the cpuset to update * turning_on: whether the flag is being set or cleared * * Call with cpuset_mutex held. */ static int update_flag(cpuset_flagbits_t bit, struct cpuset *cs, int turning_on) { struct cpuset *trialcs; int balance_flag_changed; int spread_flag_changed; int err; trialcs = alloc_trial_cpuset(cs); if (!trialcs) return -ENOMEM; if (turning_on) set_bit(bit, &trialcs->flags); else clear_bit(bit, &trialcs->flags); err = validate_change(cs, trialcs); if (err < 0) goto out; balance_flag_changed = (is_sched_load_balance(cs) != is_sched_load_balance(trialcs)); spread_flag_changed = ((is_spread_slab(cs) != is_spread_slab(trialcs)) || (is_spread_page(cs) != is_spread_page(trialcs))); spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); cs->flags = trialcs->flags; spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); if (!cpumask_empty(trialcs->cpus_allowed) && balance_flag_changed) rebuild_sched_domains_locked(); if (spread_flag_changed) update_tasks_flags(cs); out: free_cpuset(trialcs); return err; } /* * update_prstate - update partititon_root_state * cs: the cpuset to update * new_prs: new partition root state * * Call with cpuset_mutex held. */ static int update_prstate(struct cpuset *cs, int new_prs) { int err, old_prs = cs->partition_root_state; struct cpuset *parent = parent_cs(cs); struct tmpmasks tmpmask; if (old_prs == new_prs) return 0; /* * Cannot force a partial or invalid partition root to a full * partition root. */ if (new_prs && (old_prs == PRS_ERROR)) return -EINVAL; if (alloc_cpumasks(NULL, &tmpmask)) return -ENOMEM; err = -EINVAL; if (!old_prs) { /* * Turning on partition root requires setting the * CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE bit implicitly as well and cpus_allowed * cannot be NULL. */ if (cpumask_empty(cs->cpus_allowed)) goto out; err = update_flag(CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE, cs, 1); if (err) goto out; err = update_parent_subparts_cpumask(cs, partcmd_enable, NULL, &tmpmask); if (err) { update_flag(CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE, cs, 0); goto out; } } else { /* * Turning off partition root will clear the * CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE bit. */ if (old_prs == PRS_ERROR) { update_flag(CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE, cs, 0); err = 0; goto out; } err = update_parent_subparts_cpumask(cs, partcmd_disable, NULL, &tmpmask); if (err) goto out; /* Turning off CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE will not return error */ update_flag(CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE, cs, 0); } /* * Update cpumask of parent's tasks except when it is the top * cpuset as some system daemons cannot be mapped to other CPUs. */ if (parent != &top_cpuset) update_tasks_cpumask(parent); if (parent->child_ecpus_count) update_sibling_cpumasks(parent, cs, &tmpmask); rebuild_sched_domains_locked(); out: if (!err) { spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); cs->partition_root_state = new_prs; spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); } free_cpumasks(NULL, &tmpmask); return err; } /* * Frequency meter - How fast is some event occurring? * * These routines manage a digitally filtered, constant time based, * event frequency meter. There are four routines: * fmeter_init() - initialize a frequency meter. * fmeter_markevent() - called each time the event happens. * fmeter_getrate() - returns the recent rate of such events. * fmeter_update() - internal routine used to update fmeter. * * A common data structure is passed to each of these routines, * which is used to keep track of the state required to manage the * frequency meter and its digital filter. * * The filter works on the number of events marked per unit time. * The filter is single-pole low-pass recursive (IIR). The time unit * is 1 second. Arithmetic is done using 32-bit integers scaled to * simulate 3 decimal digits of precision (multiplied by 1000). * * With an FM_COEF of 933, and a time base of 1 second, the filter * has a half-life of 10 seconds, meaning that if the events quit * happening, then the rate returned from the fmeter_getrate() * will be cut in half each 10 seconds, until it converges to zero. * * It is not worth doing a real infinitely recursive filter. If more * than FM_MAXTICKS ticks have elapsed since the last filter event, * just compute FM_MAXTICKS ticks worth, by which point the level * will be stable. * * Limit the count of unprocessed events to FM_MAXCNT, so as to avoid * arithmetic overflow in the fmeter_update() routine. * * Given the simple 32 bit integer arithmetic used, this meter works * best for reporting rates between one per millisecond (msec) and * one per 32 (approx) seconds. At constant rates faster than one * per msec it maxes out at values just under 1,000,000. At constant * rates between one per msec, and one per second it will stabilize * to a value N*1000, where N is the rate of events per second. * At constant rates between one per second and one per 32 seconds, * it will be choppy, moving up on the seconds that have an event, * and then decaying until the next event. At rates slower than * about one in 32 seconds, it decays all the way back to zero between * each event. */ #define FM_COEF 933 /* coefficient for half-life of 10 secs */ #define FM_MAXTICKS ((u32)99) /* useless computing more ticks than this */ #define FM_MAXCNT 1000000 /* limit cnt to avoid overflow */ #define FM_SCALE 1000 /* faux fixed point scale */ /* Initialize a frequency meter */ static void fmeter_init(struct fmeter *fmp) { fmp->cnt = 0; fmp->val = 0; fmp->time = 0; spin_lock_init(&fmp->lock); } /* Internal meter update - process cnt events and update value */ static void fmeter_update(struct fmeter *fmp) { time64_t now; u32 ticks; now = ktime_get_seconds(); ticks = now - fmp->time; if (ticks == 0) return; ticks = min(FM_MAXTICKS, ticks); while (ticks-- > 0) fmp->val = (FM_COEF * fmp->val) / FM_SCALE; fmp->time = now; fmp->val += ((FM_SCALE - FM_COEF) * fmp->cnt) / FM_SCALE; fmp->cnt = 0; } /* Process any previous ticks, then bump cnt by one (times scale). */ static void fmeter_markevent(struct fmeter *fmp) { spin_lock(&fmp->lock); fmeter_update(fmp); fmp->cnt = min(FM_MAXCNT, fmp->cnt + FM_SCALE); spin_unlock(&fmp->lock); } /* Process any previous ticks, then return current value. */ static int fmeter_getrate(struct fmeter *fmp) { int val; spin_lock(&fmp->lock); fmeter_update(fmp); val = fmp->val; spin_unlock(&fmp->lock); return val; } static struct cpuset *cpuset_attach_old_cs; /* Called by cgroups to determine if a cpuset is usable; cpuset_mutex held */ static int cpuset_can_attach(struct cgroup_taskset *tset) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *css; struct cpuset *cs; struct task_struct *task; int ret; /* used later by cpuset_attach() */ cpuset_attach_old_cs = task_cs(cgroup_taskset_first(tset, &css)); cs = css_cs(css); percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); /* allow moving tasks into an empty cpuset if on default hierarchy */ ret = -ENOSPC; if (!is_in_v2_mode() && (cpumask_empty(cs->cpus_allowed) || nodes_empty(cs->mems_allowed))) goto out_unlock; cgroup_taskset_for_each(task, css, tset) { ret = task_can_attach(task, cs->cpus_allowed); if (ret) goto out_unlock; ret = security_task_setscheduler(task); if (ret) goto out_unlock; } /* * Mark attach is in progress. This makes validate_change() fail * changes which zero cpus/mems_allowed. */ cs->attach_in_progress++; ret = 0; out_unlock: percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); return ret; } static void cpuset_cancel_attach(struct cgroup_taskset *tset) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *css; cgroup_taskset_first(tset, &css); percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); css_cs(css)->attach_in_progress--; percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); } /* * Protected by cpuset_mutex. cpus_attach is used only by cpuset_attach() * but we can't allocate it dynamically there. Define it global and * allocate from cpuset_init(). */ static cpumask_var_t cpus_attach; static void cpuset_attach(struct cgroup_taskset *tset) { /* static buf protected by cpuset_mutex */ static nodemask_t cpuset_attach_nodemask_to; struct task_struct *task; struct task_struct *leader; struct cgroup_subsys_state *css; struct cpuset *cs; struct cpuset *oldcs = cpuset_attach_old_cs; cgroup_taskset_first(tset, &css); cs = css_cs(css); percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); /* prepare for attach */ if (cs == &top_cpuset) cpumask_copy(cpus_attach, cpu_possible_mask); else guarantee_online_cpus(cs, cpus_attach); guarantee_online_mems(cs, &cpuset_attach_nodemask_to); cgroup_taskset_for_each(task, css, tset) { /* * can_attach beforehand should guarantee that this doesn't * fail. TODO: have a better way to handle failure here */ WARN_ON_ONCE(set_cpus_allowed_ptr(task, cpus_attach)); cpuset_change_task_nodemask(task, &cpuset_attach_nodemask_to); cpuset_update_task_spread_flag(cs, task); } /* * Change mm for all threadgroup leaders. This is expensive and may * sleep and should be moved outside migration path proper. */ cpuset_attach_nodemask_to = cs->effective_mems; cgroup_taskset_for_each_leader(leader, css, tset) { struct mm_struct *mm = get_task_mm(leader); if (mm) { mpol_rebind_mm(mm, &cpuset_attach_nodemask_to); /* * old_mems_allowed is the same with mems_allowed * here, except if this task is being moved * automatically due to hotplug. In that case * @mems_allowed has been updated and is empty, so * @old_mems_allowed is the right nodesets that we * migrate mm from. */ if (is_memory_migrate(cs)) cpuset_migrate_mm(mm, &oldcs->old_mems_allowed, &cpuset_attach_nodemask_to); else mmput(mm); } } cs->old_mems_allowed = cpuset_attach_nodemask_to; cs->attach_in_progress--; if (!cs->attach_in_progress) wake_up(&cpuset_attach_wq); percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); } /* The various types of files and directories in a cpuset file system */ typedef enum { FILE_MEMORY_MIGRATE, FILE_CPULIST, FILE_MEMLIST, FILE_EFFECTIVE_CPULIST, FILE_EFFECTIVE_MEMLIST, FILE_SUBPARTS_CPULIST, FILE_CPU_EXCLUSIVE, FILE_MEM_EXCLUSIVE, FILE_MEM_HARDWALL, FILE_SCHED_LOAD_BALANCE, FILE_PARTITION_ROOT, FILE_SCHED_RELAX_DOMAIN_LEVEL, FILE_MEMORY_PRESSURE_ENABLED, FILE_MEMORY_PRESSURE, FILE_SPREAD_PAGE, FILE_SPREAD_SLAB, } cpuset_filetype_t; static int cpuset_write_u64(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css, struct cftype *cft, u64 val) { struct cpuset *cs = css_cs(css); cpuset_filetype_t type = cft->private; int retval = 0; get_online_cpus(); percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); if (!is_cpuset_online(cs)) { retval = -ENODEV; goto out_unlock; } switch (type) { case FILE_CPU_EXCLUSIVE: retval = update_flag(CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE, cs, val); break; case FILE_MEM_EXCLUSIVE: retval = update_flag(CS_MEM_EXCLUSIVE, cs, val); break; case FILE_MEM_HARDWALL: retval = update_flag(CS_MEM_HARDWALL, cs, val); break; case FILE_SCHED_LOAD_BALANCE: retval = update_flag(CS_SCHED_LOAD_BALANCE, cs, val); break; case FILE_MEMORY_MIGRATE: retval = update_flag(CS_MEMORY_MIGRATE, cs, val); break; case FILE_MEMORY_PRESSURE_ENABLED: cpuset_memory_pressure_enabled = !!val; break; case FILE_SPREAD_PAGE: retval = update_flag(CS_SPREAD_PAGE, cs, val); break; case FILE_SPREAD_SLAB: retval = update_flag(CS_SPREAD_SLAB, cs, val); break; default: retval = -EINVAL; break; } out_unlock: percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); put_online_cpus(); return retval; } static int cpuset_write_s64(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css, struct cftype *cft, s64 val) { struct cpuset *cs = css_cs(css); cpuset_filetype_t type = cft->private; int retval = -ENODEV; get_online_cpus(); percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); if (!is_cpuset_online(cs)) goto out_unlock; switch (type) { case FILE_SCHED_RELAX_DOMAIN_LEVEL: retval = update_relax_domain_level(cs, val); break; default: retval = -EINVAL; break; } out_unlock: percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); put_online_cpus(); return retval; } /* * Common handling for a write to a "cpus" or "mems" file. */ static ssize_t cpuset_write_resmask(struct kernfs_open_file *of, char *buf, size_t nbytes, loff_t off) { struct cpuset *cs = css_cs(of_css(of)); struct cpuset *trialcs; int retval = -ENODEV; buf = strstrip(buf); /* * CPU or memory hotunplug may leave @cs w/o any execution * resources, in which case the hotplug code asynchronously updates * configuration and transfers all tasks to the nearest ancestor * which can execute. * * As writes to "cpus" or "mems" may restore @cs's execution * resources, wait for the previously scheduled operations before * proceeding, so that we don't end up keep removing tasks added * after execution capability is restored. * * cpuset_hotplug_work calls back into cgroup core via * cgroup_transfer_tasks() and waiting for it from a cgroupfs * operation like this one can lead to a deadlock through kernfs * active_ref protection. Let's break the protection. Losing the * protection is okay as we check whether @cs is online after * grabbing cpuset_mutex anyway. This only happens on the legacy * hierarchies. */ css_get(&cs->css); kernfs_break_active_protection(of->kn); flush_work(&cpuset_hotplug_work); get_online_cpus(); percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); if (!is_cpuset_online(cs)) goto out_unlock; trialcs = alloc_trial_cpuset(cs); if (!trialcs) { retval = -ENOMEM; goto out_unlock; } switch (of_cft(of)->private) { case FILE_CPULIST: retval = update_cpumask(cs, trialcs, buf); break; case FILE_MEMLIST: retval = update_nodemask(cs, trialcs, buf); break; default: retval = -EINVAL; break; } free_cpuset(trialcs); out_unlock: percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); put_online_cpus(); kernfs_unbreak_active_protection(of->kn); css_put(&cs->css); flush_workqueue(cpuset_migrate_mm_wq); return retval ?: nbytes; } /* * These ascii lists should be read in a single call, by using a user * buffer large enough to hold the entire map. If read in smaller * chunks, there is no guarantee of atomicity. Since the display format * used, list of ranges of sequential numbers, is variable length, * and since these maps can change value dynamically, one could read * gibberish by doing partial reads while a list was changing. */ static int cpuset_common_seq_show(struct seq_file *sf, void *v) { struct cpuset *cs = css_cs(seq_css(sf)); cpuset_filetype_t type = seq_cft(sf)->private; int ret = 0; spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); switch (type) { case FILE_CPULIST: seq_printf(sf, "%*pbl\n", cpumask_pr_args(cs->cpus_allowed)); break; case FILE_MEMLIST: seq_printf(sf, "%*pbl\n", nodemask_pr_args(&cs->mems_allowed)); break; case FILE_EFFECTIVE_CPULIST: seq_printf(sf, "%*pbl\n", cpumask_pr_args(cs->effective_cpus)); break; case FILE_EFFECTIVE_MEMLIST: seq_printf(sf, "%*pbl\n", nodemask_pr_args(&cs->effective_mems)); break; case FILE_SUBPARTS_CPULIST: seq_printf(sf, "%*pbl\n", cpumask_pr_args(cs->subparts_cpus)); break; default: ret = -EINVAL; } spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); return ret; } static u64 cpuset_read_u64(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css, struct cftype *cft) { struct cpuset *cs = css_cs(css); cpuset_filetype_t type = cft->private; switch (type) { case FILE_CPU_EXCLUSIVE: return is_cpu_exclusive(cs); case FILE_MEM_EXCLUSIVE: return is_mem_exclusive(cs); case FILE_MEM_HARDWALL: return is_mem_hardwall(cs); case FILE_SCHED_LOAD_BALANCE: return is_sched_load_balance(cs); case FILE_MEMORY_MIGRATE: return is_memory_migrate(cs); case FILE_MEMORY_PRESSURE_ENABLED: return cpuset_memory_pressure_enabled; case FILE_MEMORY_PRESSURE: return fmeter_getrate(&cs->fmeter); case FILE_SPREAD_PAGE: return is_spread_page(cs); case FILE_SPREAD_SLAB: return is_spread_slab(cs); default: BUG(); } /* Unreachable but makes gcc happy */ return 0; } static s64 cpuset_read_s64(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css, struct cftype *cft) { struct cpuset *cs = css_cs(css); cpuset_filetype_t type = cft->private; switch (type) { case FILE_SCHED_RELAX_DOMAIN_LEVEL: return cs->relax_domain_level; default: BUG(); } /* Unrechable but makes gcc happy */ return 0; } static int sched_partition_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { struct cpuset *cs = css_cs(seq_css(seq)); switch (cs->partition_root_state) { case PRS_ENABLED: seq_puts(seq, "root\n"); break; case PRS_DISABLED: seq_puts(seq, "member\n"); break; case PRS_ERROR: seq_puts(seq, "root invalid\n"); break; } return 0; } static ssize_t sched_partition_write(struct kernfs_open_file *of, char *buf, size_t nbytes, loff_t off) { struct cpuset *cs = css_cs(of_css(of)); int val; int retval = -ENODEV; buf = strstrip(buf); /* * Convert "root" to ENABLED, and convert "member" to DISABLED. */ if (!strcmp(buf, "root")) val = PRS_ENABLED; else if (!strcmp(buf, "member")) val = PRS_DISABLED; else return -EINVAL; css_get(&cs->css); get_online_cpus(); percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); if (!is_cpuset_online(cs)) goto out_unlock; retval = update_prstate(cs, val); out_unlock: percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); put_online_cpus(); css_put(&cs->css); return retval ?: nbytes; } /* * for the common functions, 'private' gives the type of file */ static struct cftype legacy_files[] = { { .name = "cpus", .seq_show = cpuset_common_seq_show, .write = cpuset_write_resmask, .max_write_len = (100U + 6 * NR_CPUS), .private = FILE_CPULIST, }, { .name = "mems", .seq_show = cpuset_common_seq_show, .write = cpuset_write_resmask, .max_write_len = (100U + 6 * MAX_NUMNODES), .private = FILE_MEMLIST, }, { .name = "effective_cpus", .seq_show = cpuset_common_seq_show, .private = FILE_EFFECTIVE_CPULIST, }, { .name = "effective_mems", .seq_show = cpuset_common_seq_show, .private = FILE_EFFECTIVE_MEMLIST, }, { .name = "cpu_exclusive", .read_u64 = cpuset_read_u64, .write_u64 = cpuset_write_u64, .private = FILE_CPU_EXCLUSIVE, }, { .name = "mem_exclusive", .read_u64 = cpuset_read_u64, .write_u64 = cpuset_write_u64, .private = FILE_MEM_EXCLUSIVE, }, { .name = "mem_hardwall", .read_u64 = cpuset_read_u64, .write_u64 = cpuset_write_u64, .private = FILE_MEM_HARDWALL, }, { .name = "sched_load_balance", .read_u64 = cpuset_read_u64, .write_u64 = cpuset_write_u64, .private = FILE_SCHED_LOAD_BALANCE, }, { .name = "sched_relax_domain_level", .read_s64 = cpuset_read_s64, .write_s64 = cpuset_write_s64, .private = FILE_SCHED_RELAX_DOMAIN_LEVEL, }, { .name = "memory_migrate", .read_u64 = cpuset_read_u64, .write_u64 = cpuset_write_u64, .private = FILE_MEMORY_MIGRATE, }, { .name = "memory_pressure", .read_u64 = cpuset_read_u64, .private = FILE_MEMORY_PRESSURE, }, { .name = "memory_spread_page", .read_u64 = cpuset_read_u64, .write_u64 = cpuset_write_u64, .private = FILE_SPREAD_PAGE, }, { .name = "memory_spread_slab", .read_u64 = cpuset_read_u64, .write_u64 = cpuset_write_u64, .private = FILE_SPREAD_SLAB, }, { .name = "memory_pressure_enabled", .flags = CFTYPE_ONLY_ON_ROOT, .read_u64 = cpuset_read_u64, .write_u64 = cpuset_write_u64, .private = FILE_MEMORY_PRESSURE_ENABLED, }, { } /* terminate */ }; /* * This is currently a minimal set for the default hierarchy. It can be * expanded later on by migrating more features and control files from v1. */ static struct cftype dfl_files[] = { { .name = "cpus", .seq_show = cpuset_common_seq_show, .write = cpuset_write_resmask, .max_write_len = (100U + 6 * NR_CPUS), .private = FILE_CPULIST, .flags = CFTYPE_NOT_ON_ROOT, }, { .name = "mems", .seq_show = cpuset_common_seq_show, .write = cpuset_write_resmask, .max_write_len = (100U + 6 * MAX_NUMNODES), .private = FILE_MEMLIST, .flags = CFTYPE_NOT_ON_ROOT, }, { .name = "cpus.effective", .seq_show = cpuset_common_seq_show, .private = FILE_EFFECTIVE_CPULIST, }, { .name = "mems.effective", .seq_show = cpuset_common_seq_show, .private = FILE_EFFECTIVE_MEMLIST, }, { .name = "cpus.partition", .seq_show = sched_partition_show, .write = sched_partition_write, .private = FILE_PARTITION_ROOT, .flags = CFTYPE_NOT_ON_ROOT, }, { .name = "cpus.subpartitions", .seq_show = cpuset_common_seq_show, .private = FILE_SUBPARTS_CPULIST, .flags = CFTYPE_DEBUG, }, { } /* terminate */ }; /* * cpuset_css_alloc - allocate a cpuset css * cgrp: control group that the new cpuset will be part of */ static struct cgroup_subsys_state * cpuset_css_alloc(struct cgroup_subsys_state *parent_css) { struct cpuset *cs; if (!parent_css) return &top_cpuset.css; cs = kzalloc(sizeof(*cs), GFP_KERNEL); if (!cs) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (alloc_cpumasks(cs, NULL)) { kfree(cs); return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); } set_bit(CS_SCHED_LOAD_BALANCE, &cs->flags); nodes_clear(cs->mems_allowed); nodes_clear(cs->effective_mems); fmeter_init(&cs->fmeter); cs->relax_domain_level = -1; return &cs->css; } static int cpuset_css_online(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css) { struct cpuset *cs = css_cs(css); struct cpuset *parent = parent_cs(cs); struct cpuset *tmp_cs; struct cgroup_subsys_state *pos_css; if (!parent) return 0; get_online_cpus(); percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); set_bit(CS_ONLINE, &cs->flags); if (is_spread_page(parent)) set_bit(CS_SPREAD_PAGE, &cs->flags); if (is_spread_slab(parent)) set_bit(CS_SPREAD_SLAB, &cs->flags); cpuset_inc(); spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); if (is_in_v2_mode()) { cpumask_copy(cs->effective_cpus, parent->effective_cpus); cs->effective_mems = parent->effective_mems; cs->use_parent_ecpus = true; parent->child_ecpus_count++; } spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); if (!test_bit(CGRP_CPUSET_CLONE_CHILDREN, &css->cgroup->flags)) goto out_unlock; /* * Clone @parent's configuration if CGRP_CPUSET_CLONE_CHILDREN is * set. This flag handling is implemented in cgroup core for * histrical reasons - the flag may be specified during mount. * * Currently, if any sibling cpusets have exclusive cpus or mem, we * refuse to clone the configuration - thereby refusing the task to * be entered, and as a result refusing the sys_unshare() or * clone() which initiated it. If this becomes a problem for some * users who wish to allow that scenario, then this could be * changed to grant parent->cpus_allowed-sibling_cpus_exclusive * (and likewise for mems) to the new cgroup. */ rcu_read_lock(); cpuset_for_each_child(tmp_cs, pos_css, parent) { if (is_mem_exclusive(tmp_cs) || is_cpu_exclusive(tmp_cs)) { rcu_read_unlock(); goto out_unlock; } } rcu_read_unlock(); spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); cs->mems_allowed = parent->mems_allowed; cs->effective_mems = parent->mems_allowed; cpumask_copy(cs->cpus_allowed, parent->cpus_allowed); cpumask_copy(cs->effective_cpus, parent->cpus_allowed); spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); out_unlock: percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); put_online_cpus(); return 0; } /* * If the cpuset being removed has its flag 'sched_load_balance' * enabled, then simulate turning sched_load_balance off, which * will call rebuild_sched_domains_locked(). That is not needed * in the default hierarchy where only changes in partition * will cause repartitioning. * * If the cpuset has the 'sched.partition' flag enabled, simulate * turning 'sched.partition" off. */ static void cpuset_css_offline(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css) { struct cpuset *cs = css_cs(css); get_online_cpus(); percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); if (is_partition_root(cs)) update_prstate(cs, 0); if (!cgroup_subsys_on_dfl(cpuset_cgrp_subsys) && is_sched_load_balance(cs)) update_flag(CS_SCHED_LOAD_BALANCE, cs, 0); if (cs->use_parent_ecpus) { struct cpuset *parent = parent_cs(cs); cs->use_parent_ecpus = false; parent->child_ecpus_count--; } cpuset_dec(); clear_bit(CS_ONLINE, &cs->flags); percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); put_online_cpus(); } static void cpuset_css_free(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css) { struct cpuset *cs = css_cs(css); free_cpuset(cs); } static void cpuset_bind(struct cgroup_subsys_state *root_css) { percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); if (is_in_v2_mode()) { cpumask_copy(top_cpuset.cpus_allowed, cpu_possible_mask); top_cpuset.mems_allowed = node_possible_map; } else { cpumask_copy(top_cpuset.cpus_allowed, top_cpuset.effective_cpus); top_cpuset.mems_allowed = top_cpuset.effective_mems; } spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); } /* * Make sure the new task conform to the current state of its parent, * which could have been changed by cpuset just after it inherits the * state from the parent and before it sits on the cgroup's task list. */ static void cpuset_fork(struct task_struct *task) { if (task_css_is_root(task, cpuset_cgrp_id)) return; set_cpus_allowed_ptr(task, current->cpus_ptr); task->mems_allowed = current->mems_allowed; } struct cgroup_subsys cpuset_cgrp_subsys = { .css_alloc = cpuset_css_alloc, .css_online = cpuset_css_online, .css_offline = cpuset_css_offline, .css_free = cpuset_css_free, .can_attach = cpuset_can_attach, .cancel_attach = cpuset_cancel_attach, .attach = cpuset_attach, .post_attach = cpuset_post_attach, .bind = cpuset_bind, .fork = cpuset_fork, .legacy_cftypes = legacy_files, .dfl_cftypes = dfl_files, .early_init = true, .threaded = true, }; /** * cpuset_init - initialize cpusets at system boot * * Description: Initialize top_cpuset **/ int __init cpuset_init(void) { BUG_ON(percpu_init_rwsem(&cpuset_rwsem)); BUG_ON(!alloc_cpumask_var(&top_cpuset.cpus_allowed, GFP_KERNEL)); BUG_ON(!alloc_cpumask_var(&top_cpuset.effective_cpus, GFP_KERNEL)); BUG_ON(!zalloc_cpumask_var(&top_cpuset.subparts_cpus, GFP_KERNEL)); cpumask_setall(top_cpuset.cpus_allowed); nodes_setall(top_cpuset.mems_allowed); cpumask_setall(top_cpuset.effective_cpus); nodes_setall(top_cpuset.effective_mems); fmeter_init(&top_cpuset.fmeter); set_bit(CS_SCHED_LOAD_BALANCE, &top_cpuset.flags); top_cpuset.relax_domain_level = -1; BUG_ON(!alloc_cpumask_var(&cpus_attach, GFP_KERNEL)); return 0; } /* * If CPU and/or memory hotplug handlers, below, unplug any CPUs * or memory nodes, we need to walk over the cpuset hierarchy, * removing that CPU or node from all cpusets. If this removes the * last CPU or node from a cpuset, then move the tasks in the empty * cpuset to its next-highest non-empty parent. */ static void remove_tasks_in_empty_cpuset(struct cpuset *cs) { struct cpuset *parent; /* * Find its next-highest non-empty parent, (top cpuset * has online cpus, so can't be empty). */ parent = parent_cs(cs); while (cpumask_empty(parent->cpus_allowed) || nodes_empty(parent->mems_allowed)) parent = parent_cs(parent); if (cgroup_transfer_tasks(parent->css.cgroup, cs->css.cgroup)) { pr_err("cpuset: failed to transfer tasks out of empty cpuset "); pr_cont_cgroup_name(cs->css.cgroup); pr_cont("\n"); } } static void hotplug_update_tasks_legacy(struct cpuset *cs, struct cpumask *new_cpus, nodemask_t *new_mems, bool cpus_updated, bool mems_updated) { bool is_empty; spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); cpumask_copy(cs->cpus_allowed, new_cpus); cpumask_copy(cs->effective_cpus, new_cpus); cs->mems_allowed = *new_mems; cs->effective_mems = *new_mems; spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); /* * Don't call update_tasks_cpumask() if the cpuset becomes empty, * as the tasks will be migratecd to an ancestor. */ if (cpus_updated && !cpumask_empty(cs->cpus_allowed)) update_tasks_cpumask(cs); if (mems_updated && !nodes_empty(cs->mems_allowed)) update_tasks_nodemask(cs); is_empty = cpumask_empty(cs->cpus_allowed) || nodes_empty(cs->mems_allowed); percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); /* * Move tasks to the nearest ancestor with execution resources, * This is full cgroup operation which will also call back into * cpuset. Should be done outside any lock. */ if (is_empty) remove_tasks_in_empty_cpuset(cs); percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); } static void hotplug_update_tasks(struct cpuset *cs, struct cpumask *new_cpus, nodemask_t *new_mems, bool cpus_updated, bool mems_updated) { if (cpumask_empty(new_cpus)) cpumask_copy(new_cpus, parent_cs(cs)->effective_cpus); if (nodes_empty(*new_mems)) *new_mems = parent_cs(cs)->effective_mems; spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); cpumask_copy(cs->effective_cpus, new_cpus); cs->effective_mems = *new_mems; spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); if (cpus_updated) update_tasks_cpumask(cs); if (mems_updated) update_tasks_nodemask(cs); } static bool force_rebuild; void cpuset_force_rebuild(void) { force_rebuild = true; } /** * cpuset_hotplug_update_tasks - update tasks in a cpuset for hotunplug * @cs: cpuset in interest * @tmp: the tmpmasks structure pointer * * Compare @cs's cpu and mem masks against top_cpuset and if some have gone * offline, update @cs accordingly. If @cs ends up with no CPU or memory, * all its tasks are moved to the nearest ancestor with both resources. */ static void cpuset_hotplug_update_tasks(struct cpuset *cs, struct tmpmasks *tmp) { static cpumask_t new_cpus; static nodemask_t new_mems; bool cpus_updated; bool mems_updated; struct cpuset *parent; retry: wait_event(cpuset_attach_wq, cs->attach_in_progress == 0); percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); /* * We have raced with task attaching. We wait until attaching * is finished, so we won't attach a task to an empty cpuset. */ if (cs->attach_in_progress) { percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); goto retry; } parent = parent_cs(cs); compute_effective_cpumask(&new_cpus, cs, parent); nodes_and(new_mems, cs->mems_allowed, parent->effective_mems); if (cs->nr_subparts_cpus) /* * Make sure that CPUs allocated to child partitions * do not show up in effective_cpus. */ cpumask_andnot(&new_cpus, &new_cpus, cs->subparts_cpus); if (!tmp || !cs->partition_root_state) goto update_tasks; /* * In the unlikely event that a partition root has empty * effective_cpus or its parent becomes erroneous, we have to * transition it to the erroneous state. */ if (is_partition_root(cs) && (cpumask_empty(&new_cpus) || (parent->partition_root_state == PRS_ERROR))) { if (cs->nr_subparts_cpus) { spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); cs->nr_subparts_cpus = 0; cpumask_clear(cs->subparts_cpus); spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); compute_effective_cpumask(&new_cpus, cs, parent); } /* * If the effective_cpus is empty because the child * partitions take away all the CPUs, we can keep * the current partition and let the child partitions * fight for available CPUs. */ if ((parent->partition_root_state == PRS_ERROR) || cpumask_empty(&new_cpus)) { update_parent_subparts_cpumask(cs, partcmd_disable, NULL, tmp); spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); cs->partition_root_state = PRS_ERROR; spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); } cpuset_force_rebuild(); } /* * On the other hand, an erroneous partition root may be transitioned * back to a regular one or a partition root with no CPU allocated * from the parent may change to erroneous. */ if (is_partition_root(parent) && ((cs->partition_root_state == PRS_ERROR) || !cpumask_intersects(&new_cpus, parent->subparts_cpus)) && update_parent_subparts_cpumask(cs, partcmd_update, NULL, tmp)) cpuset_force_rebuild(); update_tasks: cpus_updated = !cpumask_equal(&new_cpus, cs->effective_cpus); mems_updated = !nodes_equal(new_mems, cs->effective_mems); if (is_in_v2_mode()) hotplug_update_tasks(cs, &new_cpus, &new_mems, cpus_updated, mems_updated); else hotplug_update_tasks_legacy(cs, &new_cpus, &new_mems, cpus_updated, mems_updated); percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); } /** * cpuset_hotplug_workfn - handle CPU/memory hotunplug for a cpuset * * This function is called after either CPU or memory configuration has * changed and updates cpuset accordingly. The top_cpuset is always * synchronized to cpu_active_mask and N_MEMORY, which is necessary in * order to make cpusets transparent (of no affect) on systems that are * actively using CPU hotplug but making no active use of cpusets. * * Non-root cpusets are only affected by offlining. If any CPUs or memory * nodes have been taken down, cpuset_hotplug_update_tasks() is invoked on * all descendants. * * Note that CPU offlining during suspend is ignored. We don't modify * cpusets across suspend/resume cycles at all. */ static void cpuset_hotplug_workfn(struct work_struct *work) { static cpumask_t new_cpus; static nodemask_t new_mems; bool cpus_updated, mems_updated; bool on_dfl = is_in_v2_mode(); struct tmpmasks tmp, *ptmp = NULL; if (on_dfl && !alloc_cpumasks(NULL, &tmp)) ptmp = &tmp; percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); /* fetch the available cpus/mems and find out which changed how */ cpumask_copy(&new_cpus, cpu_active_mask); new_mems = node_states[N_MEMORY]; /* * If subparts_cpus is populated, it is likely that the check below * will produce a false positive on cpus_updated when the cpu list * isn't changed. It is extra work, but it is better to be safe. */ cpus_updated = !cpumask_equal(top_cpuset.effective_cpus, &new_cpus); mems_updated = !nodes_equal(top_cpuset.effective_mems, new_mems); /* * In the rare case that hotplug removes all the cpus in subparts_cpus, * we assumed that cpus are updated. */ if (!cpus_updated && top_cpuset.nr_subparts_cpus) cpus_updated = true; /* synchronize cpus_allowed to cpu_active_mask */ if (cpus_updated) { spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); if (!on_dfl) cpumask_copy(top_cpuset.cpus_allowed, &new_cpus); /* * Make sure that CPUs allocated to child partitions * do not show up in effective_cpus. If no CPU is left, * we clear the subparts_cpus & let the child partitions * fight for the CPUs again. */ if (top_cpuset.nr_subparts_cpus) { if (cpumask_subset(&new_cpus, top_cpuset.subparts_cpus)) { top_cpuset.nr_subparts_cpus = 0; cpumask_clear(top_cpuset.subparts_cpus); } else { cpumask_andnot(&new_cpus, &new_cpus, top_cpuset.subparts_cpus); } } cpumask_copy(top_cpuset.effective_cpus, &new_cpus); spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); /* we don't mess with cpumasks of tasks in top_cpuset */ } /* synchronize mems_allowed to N_MEMORY */ if (mems_updated) { spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); if (!on_dfl) top_cpuset.mems_allowed = new_mems; top_cpuset.effective_mems = new_mems; spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); update_tasks_nodemask(&top_cpuset); } percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); /* if cpus or mems changed, we need to propagate to descendants */ if (cpus_updated || mems_updated) { struct cpuset *cs; struct cgroup_subsys_state *pos_css; rcu_read_lock(); cpuset_for_each_descendant_pre(cs, pos_css, &top_cpuset) { if (cs == &top_cpuset || !css_tryget_online(&cs->css)) continue; rcu_read_unlock(); cpuset_hotplug_update_tasks(cs, ptmp); rcu_read_lock(); css_put(&cs->css); } rcu_read_unlock(); } /* rebuild sched domains if cpus_allowed has changed */ if (cpus_updated || force_rebuild) { force_rebuild = false; rebuild_sched_domains(); } free_cpumasks(NULL, ptmp); } void cpuset_update_active_cpus(void) { /* * We're inside cpu hotplug critical region which usually nests * inside cgroup synchronization. Bounce actual hotplug processing * to a work item to avoid reverse locking order. */ schedule_work(&cpuset_hotplug_work); } void cpuset_wait_for_hotplug(void) { flush_work(&cpuset_hotplug_work); } /* * Keep top_cpuset.mems_allowed tracking node_states[N_MEMORY]. * Call this routine anytime after node_states[N_MEMORY] changes. * See cpuset_update_active_cpus() for CPU hotplug handling. */ static int cpuset_track_online_nodes(struct notifier_block *self, unsigned long action, void *arg) { schedule_work(&cpuset_hotplug_work); return NOTIFY_OK; } static struct notifier_block cpuset_track_online_nodes_nb = { .notifier_call = cpuset_track_online_nodes, .priority = 10, /* ??! */ }; /** * cpuset_init_smp - initialize cpus_allowed * * Description: Finish top cpuset after cpu, node maps are initialized */ void __init cpuset_init_smp(void) { cpumask_copy(top_cpuset.cpus_allowed, cpu_active_mask); top_cpuset.mems_allowed = node_states[N_MEMORY]; top_cpuset.old_mems_allowed = top_cpuset.mems_allowed; cpumask_copy(top_cpuset.effective_cpus, cpu_active_mask); top_cpuset.effective_mems = node_states[N_MEMORY]; register_hotmemory_notifier(&cpuset_track_online_nodes_nb); cpuset_migrate_mm_wq = alloc_ordered_workqueue("cpuset_migrate_mm", 0); BUG_ON(!cpuset_migrate_mm_wq); } /** * cpuset_cpus_allowed - return cpus_allowed mask from a tasks cpuset. * @tsk: pointer to task_struct from which to obtain cpuset->cpus_allowed. * @pmask: pointer to struct cpumask variable to receive cpus_allowed set. * * Description: Returns the cpumask_var_t cpus_allowed of the cpuset * attached to the specified @tsk. Guaranteed to return some non-empty * subset of cpu_online_mask, even if this means going outside the * tasks cpuset. **/ void cpuset_cpus_allowed(struct task_struct *tsk, struct cpumask *pmask) { unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&callback_lock, flags); rcu_read_lock(); guarantee_online_cpus(task_cs(tsk), pmask); rcu_read_unlock(); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&callback_lock, flags); } /** * cpuset_cpus_allowed_fallback - final fallback before complete catastrophe. * @tsk: pointer to task_struct with which the scheduler is struggling * * Description: In the case that the scheduler cannot find an allowed cpu in * tsk->cpus_allowed, we fall back to task_cs(tsk)->cpus_allowed. In legacy * mode however, this value is the same as task_cs(tsk)->effective_cpus, * which will not contain a sane cpumask during cases such as cpu hotplugging. * This is the absolute last resort for the scheduler and it is only used if * _every_ other avenue has been traveled. **/ void cpuset_cpus_allowed_fallback(struct task_struct *tsk) { rcu_read_lock(); do_set_cpus_allowed(tsk, is_in_v2_mode() ? task_cs(tsk)->cpus_allowed : cpu_possible_mask); rcu_read_unlock(); /* * We own tsk->cpus_allowed, nobody can change it under us. * * But we used cs && cs->cpus_allowed lockless and thus can * race with cgroup_attach_task() or update_cpumask() and get * the wrong tsk->cpus_allowed. However, both cases imply the * subsequent cpuset_change_cpumask()->set_cpus_allowed_ptr() * which takes task_rq_lock(). * * If we are called after it dropped the lock we must see all * changes in tsk_cs()->cpus_allowed. Otherwise we can temporary * set any mask even if it is not right from task_cs() pov, * the pending set_cpus_allowed_ptr() will fix things. * * select_fallback_rq() will fix things ups and set cpu_possible_mask * if required. */ } void __init cpuset_init_current_mems_allowed(void) { nodes_setall(current->mems_allowed); } /** * cpuset_mems_allowed - return mems_allowed mask from a tasks cpuset. * @tsk: pointer to task_struct from which to obtain cpuset->mems_allowed. * * Description: Returns the nodemask_t mems_allowed of the cpuset * attached to the specified @tsk. Guaranteed to return some non-empty * subset of node_states[N_MEMORY], even if this means going outside the * tasks cpuset. **/ nodemask_t cpuset_mems_allowed(struct task_struct *tsk) { nodemask_t mask; unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&callback_lock, flags); rcu_read_lock(); guarantee_online_mems(task_cs(tsk), &mask); rcu_read_unlock(); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&callback_lock, flags); return mask; } /** * cpuset_nodemask_valid_mems_allowed - check nodemask vs. curremt mems_allowed * @nodemask: the nodemask to be checked * * Are any of the nodes in the nodemask allowed in current->mems_allowed? */ int cpuset_nodemask_valid_mems_allowed(nodemask_t *nodemask) { return nodes_intersects(*nodemask, current->mems_allowed); } /* * nearest_hardwall_ancestor() - Returns the nearest mem_exclusive or * mem_hardwall ancestor to the specified cpuset. Call holding * callback_lock. If no ancestor is mem_exclusive or mem_hardwall * (an unusual configuration), then returns the root cpuset. */ static struct cpuset *nearest_hardwall_ancestor(struct cpuset *cs) { while (!(is_mem_exclusive(cs) || is_mem_hardwall(cs)) && parent_cs(cs)) cs = parent_cs(cs); return cs; } /** * cpuset_node_allowed - Can we allocate on a memory node? * @node: is this an allowed node? * @gfp_mask: memory allocation flags * * If we're in interrupt, yes, we can always allocate. If @node is set in * current's mems_allowed, yes. If it's not a __GFP_HARDWALL request and this * node is set in the nearest hardwalled cpuset ancestor to current's cpuset, * yes. If current has access to memory reserves as an oom victim, yes. * Otherwise, no. * * GFP_USER allocations are marked with the __GFP_HARDWALL bit, * and do not allow allocations outside the current tasks cpuset * unless the task has been OOM killed. * GFP_KERNEL allocations are not so marked, so can escape to the * nearest enclosing hardwalled ancestor cpuset. * * Scanning up parent cpusets requires callback_lock. The * __alloc_pages() routine only calls here with __GFP_HARDWALL bit * _not_ set if it's a GFP_KERNEL allocation, and all nodes in the * current tasks mems_allowed came up empty on the first pass over * the zonelist. So only GFP_KERNEL allocations, if all nodes in the * cpuset are short of memory, might require taking the callback_lock. * * The first call here from mm/page_alloc:get_page_from_freelist() * has __GFP_HARDWALL set in gfp_mask, enforcing hardwall cpusets, * so no allocation on a node outside the cpuset is allowed (unless * in interrupt, of course). * * The second pass through get_page_from_freelist() doesn't even call * here for GFP_ATOMIC calls. For those calls, the __alloc_pages() * variable 'wait' is not set, and the bit ALLOC_CPUSET is not set * in alloc_flags. That logic and the checks below have the combined * affect that: * in_interrupt - any node ok (current task context irrelevant) * GFP_ATOMIC - any node ok * tsk_is_oom_victim - any node ok * GFP_KERNEL - any node in enclosing hardwalled cpuset ok * GFP_USER - only nodes in current tasks mems allowed ok. */ bool __cpuset_node_allowed(int node, gfp_t gfp_mask) { struct cpuset *cs; /* current cpuset ancestors */ int allowed; /* is allocation in zone z allowed? */ unsigned long flags; if (in_interrupt()) return true; if (node_isset(node, current->mems_allowed)) return true; /* * Allow tasks that have access to memory reserves because they have * been OOM killed to get memory anywhere. */ if (unlikely(tsk_is_oom_victim(current))) return true; if (gfp_mask & __GFP_HARDWALL) /* If hardwall request, stop here */ return false; if (current->flags & PF_EXITING) /* Let dying task have memory */ return true; /* Not hardwall and node outside mems_allowed: scan up cpusets */ spin_lock_irqsave(&callback_lock, flags); rcu_read_lock(); cs = nearest_hardwall_ancestor(task_cs(current)); allowed = node_isset(node, cs->mems_allowed); rcu_read_unlock(); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&callback_lock, flags); return allowed; } /** * cpuset_mem_spread_node() - On which node to begin search for a file page * cpuset_slab_spread_node() - On which node to begin search for a slab page * * If a task is marked PF_SPREAD_PAGE or PF_SPREAD_SLAB (as for * tasks in a cpuset with is_spread_page or is_spread_slab set), * and if the memory allocation used cpuset_mem_spread_node() * to determine on which node to start looking, as it will for * certain page cache or slab cache pages such as used for file * system buffers and inode caches, then instead of starting on the * local node to look for a free page, rather spread the starting * node around the tasks mems_allowed nodes. * * We don't have to worry about the returned node being offline * because "it can't happen", and even if it did, it would be ok. * * The routines calling guarantee_online_mems() are careful to * only set nodes in task->mems_allowed that are online. So it * should not be possible for the following code to return an * offline node. But if it did, that would be ok, as this routine * is not returning the node where the allocation must be, only * the node where the search should start. The zonelist passed to * __alloc_pages() will include all nodes. If the slab allocator * is passed an offline node, it will fall back to the local node. * See kmem_cache_alloc_node(). */ static int cpuset_spread_node(int *rotor) { return *rotor = next_node_in(*rotor, current->mems_allowed); } int cpuset_mem_spread_node(void) { if (current->cpuset_mem_spread_rotor == NUMA_NO_NODE) current->cpuset_mem_spread_rotor = node_random(&current->mems_allowed); return cpuset_spread_node(&current->cpuset_mem_spread_rotor); } int cpuset_slab_spread_node(void) { if (current->cpuset_slab_spread_rotor == NUMA_NO_NODE) current->cpuset_slab_spread_rotor = node_random(&current->mems_allowed); return cpuset_spread_node(&current->cpuset_slab_spread_rotor); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(cpuset_mem_spread_node); /** * cpuset_mems_allowed_intersects - Does @tsk1's mems_allowed intersect @tsk2's? * @tsk1: pointer to task_struct of some task. * @tsk2: pointer to task_struct of some other task. * * Description: Return true if @tsk1's mems_allowed intersects the * mems_allowed of @tsk2. Used by the OOM killer to determine if * one of the task's memory usage might impact the memory available * to the other. **/ int cpuset_mems_allowed_intersects(const struct task_struct *tsk1, const struct task_struct *tsk2) { return nodes_intersects(tsk1->mems_allowed, tsk2->mems_allowed); } /** * cpuset_print_current_mems_allowed - prints current's cpuset and mems_allowed * * Description: Prints current's name, cpuset name, and cached copy of its * mems_allowed to the kernel log. */ void cpuset_print_current_mems_allowed(void) { struct cgroup *cgrp; rcu_read_lock(); cgrp = task_cs(current)->css.cgroup; pr_cont(",cpuset="); pr_cont_cgroup_name(cgrp); pr_cont(",mems_allowed=%*pbl", nodemask_pr_args(&current->mems_allowed)); rcu_read_unlock(); } /* * Collection of memory_pressure is suppressed unless * this flag is enabled by writing "1" to the special * cpuset file 'memory_pressure_enabled' in the root cpuset. */ int cpuset_memory_pressure_enabled __read_mostly; /** * cpuset_memory_pressure_bump - keep stats of per-cpuset reclaims. * * Keep a running average of the rate of synchronous (direct) * page reclaim efforts initiated by tasks in each cpuset. * * This represents the rate at which some task in the cpuset * ran low on memory on all nodes it was allowed to use, and * had to enter the kernels page reclaim code in an effort to * create more free memory by tossing clean pages or swapping * or writing dirty pages. * * Display to user space in the per-cpuset read-only file * "memory_pressure". Value displayed is an integer * representing the recent rate of entry into the synchronous * (direct) page reclaim by any task attached to the cpuset. **/ void __cpuset_memory_pressure_bump(void) { rcu_read_lock(); fmeter_markevent(&task_cs(current)->fmeter); rcu_read_unlock(); } #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_PID_CPUSET /* * proc_cpuset_show() * - Print tasks cpuset path into seq_file. * - Used for /proc/<pid>/cpuset. * - No need to task_lock(tsk) on this tsk->cpuset reference, as it * doesn't really matter if tsk->cpuset changes after we read it, * and we take cpuset_mutex, keeping cpuset_attach() from changing it * anyway. */ int proc_cpuset_show(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns, struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *tsk) { char *buf; struct cgroup_subsys_state *css; int retval; retval = -ENOMEM; buf = kmalloc(PATH_MAX, GFP_KERNEL); if (!buf) goto out; css = task_get_css(tsk, cpuset_cgrp_id); retval = cgroup_path_ns(css->cgroup, buf, PATH_MAX, current->nsproxy->cgroup_ns); css_put(css); if (retval >= PATH_MAX) retval = -ENAMETOOLONG; if (retval < 0) goto out_free; seq_puts(m, buf); seq_putc(m, '\n'); retval = 0; out_free: kfree(buf); out: return retval; } #endif /* CONFIG_PROC_PID_CPUSET */ /* Display task mems_allowed in /proc/<pid>/status file. */ void cpuset_task_status_allowed(struct seq_file *m, struct task_struct *task) { seq_printf(m, "Mems_allowed:\t%*pb\n", nodemask_pr_args(&task->mems_allowed)); seq_printf(m, "Mems_allowed_list:\t%*pbl\n", nodemask_pr_args(&task->mems_allowed)); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM block #if !defined(_TRACE_BLOCK_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_BLOCK_H #include <linux/blktrace_api.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/buffer_head.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #define RWBS_LEN 8 DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(block_buffer, TP_PROTO(struct buffer_head *bh), TP_ARGS(bh), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( size_t, size ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = bh->b_bdev->bd_dev; __entry->sector = bh->b_blocknr; __entry->size = bh->b_size; ), TP_printk("%d,%d sector=%llu size=%zu", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->size ) ); /** * block_touch_buffer - mark a buffer accessed * @bh: buffer_head being touched * * Called from touch_buffer(). */ DEFINE_EVENT(block_buffer, block_touch_buffer, TP_PROTO(struct buffer_head *bh), TP_ARGS(bh) ); /** * block_dirty_buffer - mark a buffer dirty * @bh: buffer_head being dirtied * * Called from mark_buffer_dirty(). */ DEFINE_EVENT(block_buffer, block_dirty_buffer, TP_PROTO(struct buffer_head *bh), TP_ARGS(bh) ); /** * block_rq_requeue - place block IO request back on a queue * @q: queue holding operation * @rq: block IO operation request * * The block operation request @rq is being placed back into queue * @q. For some reason the request was not completed and needs to be * put back in the queue. */ TRACE_EVENT(block_rq_requeue, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq), TP_ARGS(q, rq), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( unsigned int, nr_sector ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN ) __dynamic_array( char, cmd, 1 ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = rq->rq_disk ? disk_devt(rq->rq_disk) : 0; __entry->sector = blk_rq_trace_sector(rq); __entry->nr_sector = blk_rq_trace_nr_sectors(rq); blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, rq->cmd_flags, blk_rq_bytes(rq)); __get_str(cmd)[0] = '\0'; ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s (%s) %llu + %u [%d]", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, __get_str(cmd), (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->nr_sector, 0) ); /** * block_rq_complete - block IO operation completed by device driver * @rq: block operations request * @error: status code * @nr_bytes: number of completed bytes * * The block_rq_complete tracepoint event indicates that some portion * of operation request has been completed by the device driver. If * the @rq->bio is %NULL, then there is absolutely no additional work to * do for the request. If @rq->bio is non-NULL then there is * additional work required to complete the request. */ TRACE_EVENT(block_rq_complete, TP_PROTO(struct request *rq, int error, unsigned int nr_bytes), TP_ARGS(rq, error, nr_bytes), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( unsigned int, nr_sector ) __field( int, error ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN ) __dynamic_array( char, cmd, 1 ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = rq->rq_disk ? disk_devt(rq->rq_disk) : 0; __entry->sector = blk_rq_pos(rq); __entry->nr_sector = nr_bytes >> 9; __entry->error = error; blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, rq->cmd_flags, nr_bytes); __get_str(cmd)[0] = '\0'; ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s (%s) %llu + %u [%d]", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, __get_str(cmd), (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->nr_sector, __entry->error) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(block_rq, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq), TP_ARGS(q, rq), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( unsigned int, nr_sector ) __field( unsigned int, bytes ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN ) __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __dynamic_array( char, cmd, 1 ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = rq->rq_disk ? disk_devt(rq->rq_disk) : 0; __entry->sector = blk_rq_trace_sector(rq); __entry->nr_sector = blk_rq_trace_nr_sectors(rq); __entry->bytes = blk_rq_bytes(rq); blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, rq->cmd_flags, blk_rq_bytes(rq)); __get_str(cmd)[0] = '\0'; memcpy(__entry->comm, current->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s %u (%s) %llu + %u [%s]", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, __entry->bytes, __get_str(cmd), (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->nr_sector, __entry->comm) ); /** * block_rq_insert - insert block operation request into queue * @q: target queue * @rq: block IO operation request * * Called immediately before block operation request @rq is inserted * into queue @q. The fields in the operation request @rq struct can * be examined to determine which device and sectors the pending * operation would access. */ DEFINE_EVENT(block_rq, block_rq_insert, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq), TP_ARGS(q, rq) ); /** * block_rq_issue - issue pending block IO request operation to device driver * @q: queue holding operation * @rq: block IO operation operation request * * Called when block operation request @rq from queue @q is sent to a * device driver for processing. */ DEFINE_EVENT(block_rq, block_rq_issue, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq), TP_ARGS(q, rq) ); /** * block_rq_merge - merge request with another one in the elevator * @q: queue holding operation * @rq: block IO operation operation request * * Called when block operation request @rq from queue @q is merged to another * request queued in the elevator. */ DEFINE_EVENT(block_rq, block_rq_merge, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq), TP_ARGS(q, rq) ); /** * block_bio_bounce - used bounce buffer when processing block operation * @q: queue holding the block operation * @bio: block operation * * A bounce buffer was used to handle the block operation @bio in @q. * This occurs when hardware limitations prevent a direct transfer of * data between the @bio data memory area and the IO device. Use of a * bounce buffer requires extra copying of data and decreases * performance. */ TRACE_EVENT(block_bio_bounce, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio), TP_ARGS(q, bio), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( unsigned int, nr_sector ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN ) __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = bio_dev(bio); __entry->sector = bio->bi_iter.bi_sector; __entry->nr_sector = bio_sectors(bio); blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, bio->bi_opf, bio->bi_iter.bi_size); memcpy(__entry->comm, current->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s %llu + %u [%s]", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->nr_sector, __entry->comm) ); /** * block_bio_complete - completed all work on the block operation * @q: queue holding the block operation * @bio: block operation completed * * This tracepoint indicates there is no further work to do on this * block IO operation @bio. */ TRACE_EVENT(block_bio_complete, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio), TP_ARGS(q, bio), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( unsigned, nr_sector ) __field( int, error ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = bio_dev(bio); __entry->sector = bio->bi_iter.bi_sector; __entry->nr_sector = bio_sectors(bio); __entry->error = blk_status_to_errno(bio->bi_status); blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, bio->bi_opf, bio->bi_iter.bi_size); ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s %llu + %u [%d]", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->nr_sector, __entry->error) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(block_bio_merge, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, struct bio *bio), TP_ARGS(q, rq, bio), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( unsigned int, nr_sector ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN ) __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = bio_dev(bio); __entry->sector = bio->bi_iter.bi_sector; __entry->nr_sector = bio_sectors(bio); blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, bio->bi_opf, bio->bi_iter.bi_size); memcpy(__entry->comm, current->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s %llu + %u [%s]", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->nr_sector, __entry->comm) ); /** * block_bio_backmerge - merging block operation to the end of an existing operation * @q: queue holding operation * @rq: request bio is being merged into * @bio: new block operation to merge * * Merging block request @bio to the end of an existing block request * in queue @q. */ DEFINE_EVENT(block_bio_merge, block_bio_backmerge, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, struct bio *bio), TP_ARGS(q, rq, bio) ); /** * block_bio_frontmerge - merging block operation to the beginning of an existing operation * @q: queue holding operation * @rq: request bio is being merged into * @bio: new block operation to merge * * Merging block IO operation @bio to the beginning of an existing block * operation in queue @q. */ DEFINE_EVENT(block_bio_merge, block_bio_frontmerge, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, struct bio *bio), TP_ARGS(q, rq, bio) ); /** * block_bio_queue - putting new block IO operation in queue * @q: queue holding operation * @bio: new block operation * * About to place the block IO operation @bio into queue @q. */ TRACE_EVENT(block_bio_queue, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio), TP_ARGS(q, bio), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( unsigned int, nr_sector ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN ) __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = bio_dev(bio); __entry->sector = bio->bi_iter.bi_sector; __entry->nr_sector = bio_sectors(bio); blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, bio->bi_opf, bio->bi_iter.bi_size); memcpy(__entry->comm, current->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s %llu + %u [%s]", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->nr_sector, __entry->comm) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(block_get_rq, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, int rw), TP_ARGS(q, bio, rw), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( unsigned int, nr_sector ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN ) __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = bio ? bio_dev(bio) : 0; __entry->sector = bio ? bio->bi_iter.bi_sector : 0; __entry->nr_sector = bio ? bio_sectors(bio) : 0; blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, bio ? bio->bi_opf : 0, __entry->nr_sector); memcpy(__entry->comm, current->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s %llu + %u [%s]", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->nr_sector, __entry->comm) ); /** * block_getrq - get a free request entry in queue for block IO operations * @q: queue for operations * @bio: pending block IO operation (can be %NULL) * @rw: low bit indicates a read (%0) or a write (%1) * * A request struct for queue @q has been allocated to handle the * block IO operation @bio. */ DEFINE_EVENT(block_get_rq, block_getrq, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, int rw), TP_ARGS(q, bio, rw) ); /** * block_sleeprq - waiting to get a free request entry in queue for block IO operation * @q: queue for operation * @bio: pending block IO operation (can be %NULL) * @rw: low bit indicates a read (%0) or a write (%1) * * In the case where a request struct cannot be provided for queue @q * the process needs to wait for an request struct to become * available. This tracepoint event is generated each time the * process goes to sleep waiting for request struct become available. */ DEFINE_EVENT(block_get_rq, block_sleeprq, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, int rw), TP_ARGS(q, bio, rw) ); /** * block_plug - keep operations requests in request queue * @q: request queue to plug * * Plug the request queue @q. Do not allow block operation requests * to be sent to the device driver. Instead, accumulate requests in * the queue to improve throughput performance of the block device. */ TRACE_EVENT(block_plug, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q), TP_ARGS(q), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) ), TP_fast_assign( memcpy(__entry->comm, current->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); ), TP_printk("[%s]", __entry->comm) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(block_unplug, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int depth, bool explicit), TP_ARGS(q, depth, explicit), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, nr_rq ) __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nr_rq = depth; memcpy(__entry->comm, current->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); ), TP_printk("[%s] %d", __entry->comm, __entry->nr_rq) ); /** * block_unplug - release of operations requests in request queue * @q: request queue to unplug * @depth: number of requests just added to the queue * @explicit: whether this was an explicit unplug, or one from schedule() * * Unplug request queue @q because device driver is scheduled to work * on elements in the request queue. */ DEFINE_EVENT(block_unplug, block_unplug, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int depth, bool explicit), TP_ARGS(q, depth, explicit) ); /** * block_split - split a single bio struct into two bio structs * @q: queue containing the bio * @bio: block operation being split * @new_sector: The starting sector for the new bio * * The bio request @bio in request queue @q needs to be split into two * bio requests. The newly created @bio request starts at * @new_sector. This split may be required due to hardware limitation * such as operation crossing device boundaries in a RAID system. */ TRACE_EVENT(block_split, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, unsigned int new_sector), TP_ARGS(q, bio, new_sector), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( sector_t, new_sector ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN ) __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = bio_dev(bio); __entry->sector = bio->bi_iter.bi_sector; __entry->new_sector = new_sector; blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, bio->bi_opf, bio->bi_iter.bi_size); memcpy(__entry->comm, current->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s %llu / %llu [%s]", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, (unsigned long long)__entry->new_sector, __entry->comm) ); /** * block_bio_remap - map request for a logical device to the raw device * @q: queue holding the operation * @bio: revised operation * @dev: device for the operation * @from: original sector for the operation * * An operation for a logical device has been mapped to the * raw block device. */ TRACE_EVENT(block_bio_remap, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, dev_t dev, sector_t from), TP_ARGS(q, bio, dev, from), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( unsigned int, nr_sector ) __field( dev_t, old_dev ) __field( sector_t, old_sector ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = bio_dev(bio); __entry->sector = bio->bi_iter.bi_sector; __entry->nr_sector = bio_sectors(bio); __entry->old_dev = dev; __entry->old_sector = from; blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, bio->bi_opf, bio->bi_iter.bi_size); ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s %llu + %u <- (%d,%d) %llu", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->nr_sector, MAJOR(__entry->old_dev), MINOR(__entry->old_dev), (unsigned long long)__entry->old_sector) ); /** * block_rq_remap - map request for a block operation request * @q: queue holding the operation * @rq: block IO operation request * @dev: device for the operation * @from: original sector for the operation * * The block operation request @rq in @q has been remapped. The block * operation request @rq holds the current information and @from hold * the original sector. */ TRACE_EVENT(block_rq_remap, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, dev_t dev, sector_t from), TP_ARGS(q, rq, dev, from), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( unsigned int, nr_sector ) __field( dev_t, old_dev ) __field( sector_t, old_sector ) __field( unsigned int, nr_bios ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = disk_devt(rq->rq_disk); __entry->sector = blk_rq_pos(rq); __entry->nr_sector = blk_rq_sectors(rq); __entry->old_dev = dev; __entry->old_sector = from; __entry->nr_bios = blk_rq_count_bios(rq); blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, rq->cmd_flags, blk_rq_bytes(rq)); ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s %llu + %u <- (%d,%d) %llu %u", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->nr_sector, MAJOR(__entry->old_dev), MINOR(__entry->old_dev), (unsigned long long)__entry->old_sector, __entry->nr_bios) ); #endif /* _TRACE_BLOCK_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_PAGE_REF_H #define _LINUX_PAGE_REF_H #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/page-flags.h> #include <linux/tracepoint-defs.h> DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(page_ref_set); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(page_ref_mod); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(page_ref_mod_and_test); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(page_ref_mod_and_return); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(page_ref_mod_unless); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(page_ref_freeze); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(page_ref_unfreeze); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGE_REF /* * Ideally we would want to use the trace_<tracepoint>_enabled() helper * functions. But due to include header file issues, that is not * feasible. Instead we have to open code the static key functions. * * See trace_##name##_enabled(void) in include/linux/tracepoint.h */ #define page_ref_tracepoint_active(t) tracepoint_enabled(t) extern void __page_ref_set(struct page *page, int v); extern void __page_ref_mod(struct page *page, int v); extern void __page_ref_mod_and_test(struct page *page, int v, int ret); extern void __page_ref_mod_and_return(struct page *page, int v, int ret); extern void __page_ref_mod_unless(struct page *page, int v, int u); extern void __page_ref_freeze(struct page *page, int v, int ret); extern void __page_ref_unfreeze(struct page *page, int v); #else #define page_ref_tracepoint_active(t) false static inline void __page_ref_set(struct page *page, int v) { } static inline void __page_ref_mod(struct page *page, int v) { } static inline void __page_ref_mod_and_test(struct page *page, int v, int ret) { } static inline void __page_ref_mod_and_return(struct page *page, int v, int ret) { } static inline void __page_ref_mod_unless(struct page *page, int v, int u) { } static inline void __page_ref_freeze(struct page *page, int v, int ret) { } static inline void __page_ref_unfreeze(struct page *page, int v) { } #endif static inline int page_ref_count(struct page *page) { return atomic_read(&page->_refcount); } static inline int page_count(struct page *page) { return atomic_read(&compound_head(page)->_refcount); } static inline void set_page_count(struct page *page, int v) { atomic_set(&page->_refcount, v); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_set)) __page_ref_set(page, v); } /* * Setup the page count before being freed into the page allocator for * the first time (boot or memory hotplug) */ static inline void init_page_count(struct page *page) { set_page_count(page, 1); } static inline void page_ref_add(struct page *page, int nr) { atomic_add(nr, &page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod)) __page_ref_mod(page, nr); } static inline void page_ref_sub(struct page *page, int nr) { atomic_sub(nr, &page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod)) __page_ref_mod(page, -nr); } static inline int page_ref_sub_return(struct page *page, int nr) { int ret = atomic_sub_return(nr, &page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod_and_return)) __page_ref_mod_and_return(page, -nr, ret); return ret; } static inline void page_ref_inc(struct page *page) { atomic_inc(&page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod)) __page_ref_mod(page, 1); } static inline void page_ref_dec(struct page *page) { atomic_dec(&page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod)) __page_ref_mod(page, -1); } static inline int page_ref_sub_and_test(struct page *page, int nr) { int ret = atomic_sub_and_test(nr, &page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod_and_test)) __page_ref_mod_and_test(page, -nr, ret); return ret; } static inline int page_ref_inc_return(struct page *page) { int ret = atomic_inc_return(&page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod_and_return)) __page_ref_mod_and_return(page, 1, ret); return ret; } static inline int page_ref_dec_and_test(struct page *page) { int ret = atomic_dec_and_test(&page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod_and_test)) __page_ref_mod_and_test(page, -1, ret); return ret; } static inline int page_ref_dec_return(struct page *page) { int ret = atomic_dec_return(&page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod_and_return)) __page_ref_mod_and_return(page, -1, ret); return ret; } static inline int page_ref_add_unless(struct page *page, int nr, int u) { int ret = atomic_add_unless(&page->_refcount, nr, u); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod_unless)) __page_ref_mod_unless(page, nr, ret); return ret; } static inline int page_ref_freeze(struct page *page, int count) { int ret = likely(atomic_cmpxchg(&page->_refcount, count, 0) == count); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_freeze)) __page_ref_freeze(page, count, ret); return ret; } static inline void page_ref_unfreeze(struct page *page, int count) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_count(page) != 0, page); VM_BUG_ON(count == 0); atomic_set_release(&page->_refcount, count); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_unfreeze)) __page_ref_unfreeze(page, count); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * kobject.h - generic kernel object infrastructure. * * Copyright (c) 2002-2003 Patrick Mochel * Copyright (c) 2002-2003 Open Source Development Labs * Copyright (c) 2006-2008 Greg Kroah-Hartman <greg@kroah.com> * Copyright (c) 2006-2008 Novell Inc. * * Please read Documentation/core-api/kobject.rst before using the kobject * interface, ESPECIALLY the parts about reference counts and object * destructors. */ #ifndef _KOBJECT_H_ #define _KOBJECT_H_ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/sysfs.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/kref.h> #include <linux/kobject_ns.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> #define UEVENT_HELPER_PATH_LEN 256 #define UEVENT_NUM_ENVP 64 /* number of env pointers */ #define UEVENT_BUFFER_SIZE 2048 /* buffer for the variables */ #ifdef CONFIG_UEVENT_HELPER /* path to the userspace helper executed on an event */ extern char uevent_helper[]; #endif /* counter to tag the uevent, read only except for the kobject core */ extern u64 uevent_seqnum; /* * The actions here must match the index to the string array * in lib/kobject_uevent.c * * Do not add new actions here without checking with the driver-core * maintainers. Action strings are not meant to express subsystem * or device specific properties. In most cases you want to send a * kobject_uevent_env(kobj, KOBJ_CHANGE, env) with additional event * specific variables added to the event environment. */ enum kobject_action { KOBJ_ADD, KOBJ_REMOVE, KOBJ_CHANGE, KOBJ_MOVE, KOBJ_ONLINE, KOBJ_OFFLINE, KOBJ_BIND, KOBJ_UNBIND, }; struct kobject { const char *name; struct list_head entry; struct kobject *parent; struct kset *kset; struct kobj_type *ktype; struct kernfs_node *sd; /* sysfs directory entry */ struct kref kref; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_KOBJECT_RELEASE struct delayed_work release; #endif unsigned int state_initialized:1; unsigned int state_in_sysfs:1; unsigned int state_add_uevent_sent:1; unsigned int state_remove_uevent_sent:1; unsigned int uevent_suppress:1; }; extern __printf(2, 3) int kobject_set_name(struct kobject *kobj, const char *name, ...); extern __printf(2, 0) int kobject_set_name_vargs(struct kobject *kobj, const char *fmt, va_list vargs); static inline const char *kobject_name(const struct kobject *kobj) { return kobj->name; } extern void kobject_init(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_type *ktype); extern __printf(3, 4) __must_check int kobject_add(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobject *parent, const char *fmt, ...); extern __printf(4, 5) __must_check int kobject_init_and_add(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_type *ktype, struct kobject *parent, const char *fmt, ...); extern void kobject_del(struct kobject *kobj); extern struct kobject * __must_check kobject_create(void); extern struct kobject * __must_check kobject_create_and_add(const char *name, struct kobject *parent); extern int __must_check kobject_rename(struct kobject *, const char *new_name); extern int __must_check kobject_move(struct kobject *, struct kobject *); extern struct kobject *kobject_get(struct kobject *kobj); extern struct kobject * __must_check kobject_get_unless_zero( struct kobject *kobj); extern void kobject_put(struct kobject *kobj); extern const void *kobject_namespace(struct kobject *kobj); extern void kobject_get_ownership(struct kobject *kobj, kuid_t *uid, kgid_t *gid); extern char *kobject_get_path(struct kobject *kobj, gfp_t flag); /** * kobject_has_children - Returns whether a kobject has children. * @kobj: the object to test * * This will return whether a kobject has other kobjects as children. * * It does NOT account for the presence of attribute files, only sub * directories. It also assumes there is no concurrent addition or * removal of such children, and thus relies on external locking. */ static inline bool kobject_has_children(struct kobject *kobj) { WARN_ON_ONCE(kref_read(&kobj->kref) == 0); return kobj->sd && kobj->sd->dir.subdirs; } struct kobj_type { void (*release)(struct kobject *kobj); const struct sysfs_ops *sysfs_ops; struct attribute **default_attrs; /* use default_groups instead */ const struct attribute_group **default_groups; const struct kobj_ns_type_operations *(*child_ns_type)(struct kobject *kobj); const void *(*namespace)(struct kobject *kobj); void (*get_ownership)(struct kobject *kobj, kuid_t *uid, kgid_t *gid); }; struct kobj_uevent_env { char *argv[3]; char *envp[UEVENT_NUM_ENVP]; int envp_idx; char buf[UEVENT_BUFFER_SIZE]; int buflen; }; struct kset_uevent_ops { int (* const filter)(struct kset *kset, struct kobject *kobj); const char *(* const name)(struct kset *kset, struct kobject *kobj); int (* const uevent)(struct kset *kset, struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_uevent_env *env); }; struct kobj_attribute { struct attribute attr; ssize_t (*show)(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t (*store)(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count); }; extern const struct sysfs_ops kobj_sysfs_ops; struct sock; /** * struct kset - a set of kobjects of a specific type, belonging to a specific subsystem. * * A kset defines a group of kobjects. They can be individually * different "types" but overall these kobjects all want to be grouped * together and operated on in the same manner. ksets are used to * define the attribute callbacks and other common events that happen to * a kobject. * * @list: the list of all kobjects for this kset * @list_lock: a lock for iterating over the kobjects * @kobj: the embedded kobject for this kset (recursion, isn't it fun...) * @uevent_ops: the set of uevent operations for this kset. These are * called whenever a kobject has something happen to it so that the kset * can add new environment variables, or filter out the uevents if so * desired. */ struct kset { struct list_head list; spinlock_t list_lock; struct kobject kobj; const struct kset_uevent_ops *uevent_ops; } __randomize_layout; extern void kset_init(struct kset *kset); extern int __must_check kset_register(struct kset *kset); extern void kset_unregister(struct kset *kset); extern struct kset * __must_check kset_create_and_add(const char *name, const struct kset_uevent_ops *u, struct kobject *parent_kobj); static inline struct kset *to_kset(struct kobject *kobj) { return kobj ? container_of(kobj, struct kset, kobj) : NULL; } static inline struct kset *kset_get(struct kset *k) { return k ? to_kset(kobject_get(&k->kobj)) : NULL; } static inline void kset_put(struct kset *k) { kobject_put(&k->kobj); } static inline struct kobj_type *get_ktype(struct kobject *kobj) { return kobj->ktype; } extern struct kobject *kset_find_obj(struct kset *, const char *); /* The global /sys/kernel/ kobject for people to chain off of */ extern struct kobject *kernel_kobj; /* The global /sys/kernel/mm/ kobject for people to chain off of */ extern struct kobject *mm_kobj; /* The global /sys/hypervisor/ kobject for people to chain off of */ extern struct kobject *hypervisor_kobj; /* The global /sys/power/ kobject for people to chain off of */ extern struct kobject *power_kobj; /* The global /sys/firmware/ kobject for people to chain off of */ extern struct kobject *firmware_kobj; int kobject_uevent(struct kobject *kobj, enum kobject_action action); int kobject_uevent_env(struct kobject *kobj, enum kobject_action action, char *envp[]); int kobject_synth_uevent(struct kobject *kobj, const char *buf, size_t count); __printf(2, 3) int add_uevent_var(struct kobj_uevent_env *env, const char *format, ...); #endif /* _KOBJECT_H_ */
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_CURRENT_H #define _ASM_X86_CURRENT_H #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <asm/percpu.h> #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ struct task_struct; DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct task_struct *, current_task); static __always_inline struct task_struct *get_current(void) { return this_cpu_read_stable(current_task); } #define current get_current() #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_CURRENT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_NET_SCM_H #define __LINUX_NET_SCM_H #include <linux/limits.h> #include <linux/net.h> #include <linux/cred.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/pid.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> /* Well, we should have at least one descriptor open * to accept passed FDs 8) */ #define SCM_MAX_FD 253 struct scm_creds { u32 pid; kuid_t uid; kgid_t gid; }; struct scm_fp_list { short count; short max; struct user_struct *user; struct file *fp[SCM_MAX_FD]; }; struct scm_cookie { struct pid *pid; /* Skb credentials */ struct scm_fp_list *fp; /* Passed files */ struct scm_creds creds; /* Skb credentials */ #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_NETWORK u32 secid; /* Passed security ID */ #endif }; void scm_detach_fds(struct msghdr *msg, struct scm_cookie *scm); void scm_detach_fds_compat(struct msghdr *msg, struct scm_cookie *scm); int __scm_send(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, struct scm_cookie *scm); void __scm_destroy(struct scm_cookie *scm); struct scm_fp_list *scm_fp_dup(struct scm_fp_list *fpl); #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_NETWORK static __inline__ void unix_get_peersec_dgram(struct socket *sock, struct scm_cookie *scm) { security_socket_getpeersec_dgram(sock, NULL, &scm->secid); } #else static __inline__ void unix_get_peersec_dgram(struct socket *sock, struct scm_cookie *scm) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SECURITY_NETWORK */ static __inline__ void scm_set_cred(struct scm_cookie *scm, struct pid *pid, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid) { scm->pid = get_pid(pid); scm->creds.pid = pid_vnr(pid); scm->creds.uid = uid; scm->creds.gid = gid; } static __inline__ void scm_destroy_cred(struct scm_cookie *scm) { put_pid(scm->pid); scm->pid = NULL; } static __inline__ void scm_destroy(struct scm_cookie *scm) { scm_destroy_cred(scm); if (scm->fp) __scm_destroy(scm); } static __inline__ int scm_send(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, struct scm_cookie *scm, bool forcecreds) { memset(scm, 0, sizeof(*scm)); scm->creds.uid = INVALID_UID; scm->creds.gid = INVALID_GID; if (forcecreds) scm_set_cred(scm, task_tgid(current), current_uid(), current_gid()); unix_get_peersec_dgram(sock, scm); if (msg->msg_controllen <= 0) return 0; return __scm_send(sock, msg, scm); } #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_NETWORK static inline void scm_passec(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, struct scm_cookie *scm) { char *secdata; u32 seclen; int err; if (test_bit(SOCK_PASSSEC, &sock->flags)) { err = security_secid_to_secctx(scm->secid, &secdata, &seclen); if (!err) { put_cmsg(msg, SOL_SOCKET, SCM_SECURITY, seclen, secdata); security_release_secctx(secdata, seclen); } } } #else static inline void scm_passec(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, struct scm_cookie *scm) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SECURITY_NETWORK */ static __inline__ void scm_recv(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, struct scm_cookie *scm, int flags) { if (!msg->msg_control) { if (test_bit(SOCK_PASSCRED, &sock->flags) || scm->fp) msg->msg_flags |= MSG_CTRUNC; scm_destroy(scm); return; } if (test_bit(SOCK_PASSCRED, &sock->flags)) { struct user_namespace *current_ns = current_user_ns(); struct ucred ucreds = { .pid = scm->creds.pid, .uid = from_kuid_munged(current_ns, scm->creds.uid), .gid = from_kgid_munged(current_ns, scm->creds.gid), }; put_cmsg(msg, SOL_SOCKET, SCM_CREDENTIALS, sizeof(ucreds), &ucreds); } scm_destroy_cred(scm); scm_passec(sock, msg, scm); if (!scm->fp) return; scm_detach_fds(msg, scm); } #endif /* __LINUX_NET_SCM_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_RCULIST_BL_H #define _LINUX_RCULIST_BL_H /* * RCU-protected bl list version. See include/linux/list_bl.h. */ #include <linux/list_bl.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> static inline void hlist_bl_set_first_rcu(struct hlist_bl_head *h, struct hlist_bl_node *n) { LIST_BL_BUG_ON((unsigned long)n & LIST_BL_LOCKMASK); LIST_BL_BUG_ON(((unsigned long)h->first & LIST_BL_LOCKMASK) != LIST_BL_LOCKMASK); rcu_assign_pointer(h->first, (struct hlist_bl_node *)((unsigned long)n | LIST_BL_LOCKMASK)); } static inline struct hlist_bl_node *hlist_bl_first_rcu(struct hlist_bl_head *h) { return (struct hlist_bl_node *) ((unsigned long)rcu_dereference_check(h->first, hlist_bl_is_locked(h)) & ~LIST_BL_LOCKMASK); } /** * hlist_bl_del_rcu - deletes entry from hash list without re-initialization * @n: the element to delete from the hash list. * * Note: hlist_bl_unhashed() on entry does not return true after this, * the entry is in an undefined state. It is useful for RCU based * lockfree traversal. * * In particular, it means that we can not poison the forward * pointers that may still be used for walking the hash list. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_bl_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_bl_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_bl_for_each_entry(). */ static inline void hlist_bl_del_rcu(struct hlist_bl_node *n) { __hlist_bl_del(n); n->pprev = LIST_POISON2; } /** * hlist_bl_add_head_rcu * @n: the element to add to the hash list. * @h: the list to add to. * * Description: * Adds the specified element to the specified hlist_bl, * while permitting racing traversals. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_bl_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_bl_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_bl_for_each_entry_rcu(), used to prevent memory-consistency * problems on Alpha CPUs. Regardless of the type of CPU, the * list-traversal primitive must be guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ static inline void hlist_bl_add_head_rcu(struct hlist_bl_node *n, struct hlist_bl_head *h) { struct hlist_bl_node *first; /* don't need hlist_bl_first_rcu because we're under lock */ first = hlist_bl_first(h); n->next = first; if (first) first->pprev = &n->next; n->pprev = &h->first; /* need _rcu because we can have concurrent lock free readers */ hlist_bl_set_first_rcu(h, n); } /** * hlist_bl_for_each_entry_rcu - iterate over rcu list of given type * @tpos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @pos: the &struct hlist_bl_node to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the hlist_bl_node within the struct. * */ #define hlist_bl_for_each_entry_rcu(tpos, pos, head, member) \ for (pos = hlist_bl_first_rcu(head); \ pos && \ ({ tpos = hlist_bl_entry(pos, typeof(*tpos), member); 1; }); \ pos = rcu_dereference_raw(pos->next)) #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_MM_TYPES_H #define _LINUX_MM_TYPES_H #include <linux/mm_types_task.h> #include <linux/auxvec.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/completion.h> #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <linux/uprobes.h> #include <linux/page-flags-layout.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/seqlock.h> #include <asm/mmu.h> #ifndef AT_VECTOR_SIZE_ARCH #define AT_VECTOR_SIZE_ARCH 0 #endif #define AT_VECTOR_SIZE (2*(AT_VECTOR_SIZE_ARCH + AT_VECTOR_SIZE_BASE + 1)) #define INIT_PASID 0 struct address_space; struct mem_cgroup; /* * Each physical page in the system has a struct page associated with * it to keep track of whatever it is we are using the page for at the * moment. Note that we have no way to track which tasks are using * a page, though if it is a pagecache page, rmap structures can tell us * who is mapping it. * * If you allocate the page using alloc_pages(), you can use some of the * space in struct page for your own purposes. The five words in the main * union are available, except for bit 0 of the first word which must be * kept clear. Many users use this word to store a pointer to an object * which is guaranteed to be aligned. If you use the same storage as * page->mapping, you must restore it to NULL before freeing the page. * * If your page will not be mapped to userspace, you can also use the four * bytes in the mapcount union, but you must call page_mapcount_reset() * before freeing it. * * If you want to use the refcount field, it must be used in such a way * that other CPUs temporarily incrementing and then decrementing the * refcount does not cause problems. On receiving the page from * alloc_pages(), the refcount will be positive. * * If you allocate pages of order > 0, you can use some of the fields * in each subpage, but you may need to restore some of their values * afterwards. * * SLUB uses cmpxchg_double() to atomically update its freelist and * counters. That requires that freelist & counters be adjacent and * double-word aligned. We align all struct pages to double-word * boundaries, and ensure that 'freelist' is aligned within the * struct. */ #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ALIGNED_STRUCT_PAGE #define _struct_page_alignment __aligned(2 * sizeof(unsigned long)) #else #define _struct_page_alignment #endif struct page { unsigned long flags; /* Atomic flags, some possibly * updated asynchronously */ /* * Five words (20/40 bytes) are available in this union. * WARNING: bit 0 of the first word is used for PageTail(). That * means the other users of this union MUST NOT use the bit to * avoid collision and false-positive PageTail(). */ union { struct { /* Page cache and anonymous pages */ /** * @lru: Pageout list, eg. active_list protected by * pgdat->lru_lock. Sometimes used as a generic list * by the page owner. */ struct list_head lru; /* See page-flags.h for PAGE_MAPPING_FLAGS */ struct address_space *mapping; pgoff_t index; /* Our offset within mapping. */ /** * @private: Mapping-private opaque data. * Usually used for buffer_heads if PagePrivate. * Used for swp_entry_t if PageSwapCache. * Indicates order in the buddy system if PageBuddy. */ unsigned long private; }; struct { /* page_pool used by netstack */ /** * @dma_addr: might require a 64-bit value on * 32-bit architectures. */ unsigned long dma_addr[2]; }; struct { /* slab, slob and slub */ union { struct list_head slab_list; struct { /* Partial pages */ struct page *next; #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT int pages; /* Nr of pages left */ int pobjects; /* Approximate count */ #else short int pages; short int pobjects; #endif }; }; struct kmem_cache *slab_cache; /* not slob */ /* Double-word boundary */ void *freelist; /* first free object */ union { void *s_mem; /* slab: first object */ unsigned long counters; /* SLUB */ struct { /* SLUB */ unsigned inuse:16; unsigned objects:15; unsigned frozen:1; }; }; }; struct { /* Tail pages of compound page */ unsigned long compound_head; /* Bit zero is set */ /* First tail page only */ unsigned char compound_dtor; unsigned char compound_order; atomic_t compound_mapcount; unsigned int compound_nr; /* 1 << compound_order */ }; struct { /* Second tail page of compound page */ unsigned long _compound_pad_1; /* compound_head */ atomic_t hpage_pinned_refcount; /* For both global and memcg */ struct list_head deferred_list; }; struct { /* Page table pages */ unsigned long _pt_pad_1; /* compound_head */ pgtable_t pmd_huge_pte; /* protected by page->ptl */ unsigned long _pt_pad_2; /* mapping */ union { struct mm_struct *pt_mm; /* x86 pgds only */ atomic_t pt_frag_refcount; /* powerpc */ }; #if ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS spinlock_t *ptl; #else spinlock_t ptl; #endif }; struct { /* ZONE_DEVICE pages */ /** @pgmap: Points to the hosting device page map. */ struct dev_pagemap *pgmap; void *zone_device_data; /* * ZONE_DEVICE private pages are counted as being * mapped so the next 3 words hold the mapping, index, * and private fields from the source anonymous or * page cache page while the page is migrated to device * private memory. * ZONE_DEVICE MEMORY_DEVICE_FS_DAX pages also * use the mapping, index, and private fields when * pmem backed DAX files are mapped. */ }; /** @rcu_head: You can use this to free a page by RCU. */ struct rcu_head rcu_head; }; union { /* This union is 4 bytes in size. */ /* * If the page can be mapped to userspace, encodes the number * of times this page is referenced by a page table. */ atomic_t _mapcount; /* * If the page is neither PageSlab nor mappable to userspace, * the value stored here may help determine what this page * is used for. See page-flags.h for a list of page types * which are currently stored here. */ unsigned int page_type; unsigned int active; /* SLAB */ int units; /* SLOB */ }; /* Usage count. *DO NOT USE DIRECTLY*. See page_ref.h */ atomic_t _refcount; #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG union { struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup; struct obj_cgroup **obj_cgroups; }; #endif /* * On machines where all RAM is mapped into kernel address space, * we can simply calculate the virtual address. On machines with * highmem some memory is mapped into kernel virtual memory * dynamically, so we need a place to store that address. * Note that this field could be 16 bits on x86 ... ;) * * Architectures with slow multiplication can define * WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL in asm/page.h */ #if defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL) void *virtual; /* Kernel virtual address (NULL if not kmapped, ie. highmem) */ #endif /* WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL */ #ifdef LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS int _last_cpupid; #endif } _struct_page_alignment; static inline atomic_t *compound_mapcount_ptr(struct page *page) { return &page[1].compound_mapcount; } static inline atomic_t *compound_pincount_ptr(struct page *page) { return &page[2].hpage_pinned_refcount; } /* * Used for sizing the vmemmap region on some architectures */ #define STRUCT_PAGE_MAX_SHIFT (order_base_2(sizeof(struct page))) #define PAGE_FRAG_CACHE_MAX_SIZE __ALIGN_MASK(32768, ~PAGE_MASK) #define PAGE_FRAG_CACHE_MAX_ORDER get_order(PAGE_FRAG_CACHE_MAX_SIZE) #define page_private(page) ((page)->private) static inline void set_page_private(struct page *page, unsigned long private) { page->private = private; } struct page_frag_cache { void * va; #if (PAGE_SIZE < PAGE_FRAG_CACHE_MAX_SIZE) __u16 offset; __u16 size; #else __u32 offset; #endif /* we maintain a pagecount bias, so that we dont dirty cache line * containing page->_refcount every time we allocate a fragment. */ unsigned int pagecnt_bias; bool pfmemalloc; }; typedef unsigned long vm_flags_t; /* * A region containing a mapping of a non-memory backed file under NOMMU * conditions. These are held in a global tree and are pinned by the VMAs that * map parts of them. */ struct vm_region { struct rb_node vm_rb; /* link in global region tree */ vm_flags_t vm_flags; /* VMA vm_flags */ unsigned long vm_start; /* start address of region */ unsigned long vm_end; /* region initialised to here */ unsigned long vm_top; /* region allocated to here */ unsigned long vm_pgoff; /* the offset in vm_file corresponding to vm_start */ struct file *vm_file; /* the backing file or NULL */ int vm_usage; /* region usage count (access under nommu_region_sem) */ bool vm_icache_flushed : 1; /* true if the icache has been flushed for * this region */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_USERFAULTFD #define NULL_VM_UFFD_CTX ((struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx) { NULL, }) struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx { struct userfaultfd_ctx *ctx; }; #else /* CONFIG_USERFAULTFD */ #define NULL_VM_UFFD_CTX ((struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx) {}) struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx {}; #endif /* CONFIG_USERFAULTFD */ /* * This struct describes a virtual memory area. There is one of these * per VM-area/task. A VM area is any part of the process virtual memory * space that has a special rule for the page-fault handlers (ie a shared * library, the executable area etc). */ struct vm_area_struct { /* The first cache line has the info for VMA tree walking. */ unsigned long vm_start; /* Our start address within vm_mm. */ unsigned long vm_end; /* The first byte after our end address within vm_mm. */ /* linked list of VM areas per task, sorted by address */ struct vm_area_struct *vm_next, *vm_prev; struct rb_node vm_rb; /* * Largest free memory gap in bytes to the left of this VMA. * Either between this VMA and vma->vm_prev, or between one of the * VMAs below us in the VMA rbtree and its ->vm_prev. This helps * get_unmapped_area find a free area of the right size. */ unsigned long rb_subtree_gap; /* Second cache line starts here. */ struct mm_struct *vm_mm; /* The address space we belong to. */ /* * Access permissions of this VMA. * See vmf_insert_mixed_prot() for discussion. */ pgprot_t vm_page_prot; unsigned long vm_flags; /* Flags, see mm.h. */ /* * For areas with an address space and backing store, * linkage into the address_space->i_mmap interval tree. */ struct { struct rb_node rb; unsigned long rb_subtree_last; } shared; /* * A file's MAP_PRIVATE vma can be in both i_mmap tree and anon_vma * list, after a COW of one of the file pages. A MAP_SHARED vma * can only be in the i_mmap tree. An anonymous MAP_PRIVATE, stack * or brk vma (with NULL file) can only be in an anon_vma list. */ struct list_head anon_vma_chain; /* Serialized by mmap_lock & * page_table_lock */ struct anon_vma *anon_vma; /* Serialized by page_table_lock */ /* Function pointers to deal with this struct. */ const struct vm_operations_struct *vm_ops; /* Information about our backing store: */ unsigned long vm_pgoff; /* Offset (within vm_file) in PAGE_SIZE units */ struct file * vm_file; /* File we map to (can be NULL). */ void * vm_private_data; /* was vm_pte (shared mem) */ #ifdef CONFIG_SWAP atomic_long_t swap_readahead_info; #endif #ifndef CONFIG_MMU struct vm_region *vm_region; /* NOMMU mapping region */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA struct mempolicy *vm_policy; /* NUMA policy for the VMA */ #endif struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx vm_userfaultfd_ctx; } __randomize_layout; struct core_thread { struct task_struct *task; struct core_thread *next; }; struct core_state { atomic_t nr_threads; struct core_thread dumper; struct completion startup; }; struct kioctx_table; struct mm_struct { struct { struct vm_area_struct *mmap; /* list of VMAs */ struct rb_root mm_rb; u64 vmacache_seqnum; /* per-thread vmacache */ #ifdef CONFIG_MMU unsigned long (*get_unmapped_area) (struct file *filp, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long flags); #endif unsigned long mmap_base; /* base of mmap area */ unsigned long mmap_legacy_base; /* base of mmap area in bottom-up allocations */ #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_COMPAT_MMAP_BASES /* Base adresses for compatible mmap() */ unsigned long mmap_compat_base; unsigned long mmap_compat_legacy_base; #endif unsigned long task_size; /* size of task vm space */ unsigned long highest_vm_end; /* highest vma end address */ pgd_t * pgd; #ifdef CONFIG_MEMBARRIER /** * @membarrier_state: Flags controlling membarrier behavior. * * This field is close to @pgd to hopefully fit in the same * cache-line, which needs to be touched by switch_mm(). */ atomic_t membarrier_state; #endif /** * @mm_users: The number of users including userspace. * * Use mmget()/mmget_not_zero()/mmput() to modify. When this * drops to 0 (i.e. when the task exits and there are no other * temporary reference holders), we also release a reference on * @mm_count (which may then free the &struct mm_struct if * @mm_count also drops to 0). */ atomic_t mm_users; /** * @mm_count: The number of references to &struct mm_struct * (@mm_users count as 1). * * Use mmgrab()/mmdrop() to modify. When this drops to 0, the * &struct mm_struct is freed. */ atomic_t mm_count; /** * @has_pinned: Whether this mm has pinned any pages. This can * be either replaced in the future by @pinned_vm when it * becomes stable, or grow into a counter on its own. We're * aggresive on this bit now - even if the pinned pages were * unpinned later on, we'll still keep this bit set for the * lifecycle of this mm just for simplicity. */ atomic_t has_pinned; #ifdef CONFIG_MMU atomic_long_t pgtables_bytes; /* PTE page table pages */ #endif int map_count; /* number of VMAs */ spinlock_t page_table_lock; /* Protects page tables and some * counters */ /* * With some kernel config, the current mmap_lock's offset * inside 'mm_struct' is at 0x120, which is very optimal, as * its two hot fields 'count' and 'owner' sit in 2 different * cachelines, and when mmap_lock is highly contended, both * of the 2 fields will be accessed frequently, current layout * will help to reduce cache bouncing. * * So please be careful with adding new fields before * mmap_lock, which can easily push the 2 fields into one * cacheline. */ struct rw_semaphore mmap_lock; struct list_head mmlist; /* List of maybe swapped mm's. These * are globally strung together off * init_mm.mmlist, and are protected * by mmlist_lock */ unsigned long hiwater_rss; /* High-watermark of RSS usage */ unsigned long hiwater_vm; /* High-water virtual memory usage */ unsigned long total_vm; /* Total pages mapped */ unsigned long locked_vm; /* Pages that have PG_mlocked set */ atomic64_t pinned_vm; /* Refcount permanently increased */ unsigned long data_vm; /* VM_WRITE & ~VM_SHARED & ~VM_STACK */ unsigned long exec_vm; /* VM_EXEC & ~VM_WRITE & ~VM_STACK */ unsigned long stack_vm; /* VM_STACK */ unsigned long def_flags; /** * @write_protect_seq: Locked when any thread is write * protecting pages mapped by this mm to enforce a later COW, * for instance during page table copying for fork(). */ seqcount_t write_protect_seq; spinlock_t arg_lock; /* protect the below fields */ unsigned long start_code, end_code, start_data, end_data; unsigned long start_brk, brk, start_stack; unsigned long arg_start, arg_end, env_start, env_end; unsigned long saved_auxv[AT_VECTOR_SIZE]; /* for /proc/PID/auxv */ /* * Special counters, in some configurations protected by the * page_table_lock, in other configurations by being atomic. */ struct mm_rss_stat rss_stat; struct linux_binfmt *binfmt; /* Architecture-specific MM context */ mm_context_t context; unsigned long flags; /* Must use atomic bitops to access */ struct core_state *core_state; /* coredumping support */ #ifdef CONFIG_AIO spinlock_t ioctx_lock; struct kioctx_table __rcu *ioctx_table; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG /* * "owner" points to a task that is regarded as the canonical * user/owner of this mm. All of the following must be true in * order for it to be changed: * * current == mm->owner * current->mm != mm * new_owner->mm == mm * new_owner->alloc_lock is held */ struct task_struct __rcu *owner; #endif struct user_namespace *user_ns; /* store ref to file /proc/<pid>/exe symlink points to */ struct file __rcu *exe_file; #ifdef CONFIG_MMU_NOTIFIER struct mmu_notifier_subscriptions *notifier_subscriptions; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && !USE_SPLIT_PMD_PTLOCKS pgtable_t pmd_huge_pte; /* protected by page_table_lock */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING /* * numa_next_scan is the next time that the PTEs will be marked * pte_numa. NUMA hinting faults will gather statistics and * migrate pages to new nodes if necessary. */ unsigned long numa_next_scan; /* Restart point for scanning and setting pte_numa */ unsigned long numa_scan_offset; /* numa_scan_seq prevents two threads setting pte_numa */ int numa_scan_seq; #endif /* * An operation with batched TLB flushing is going on. Anything * that can move process memory needs to flush the TLB when * moving a PROT_NONE or PROT_NUMA mapped page. */ atomic_t tlb_flush_pending; #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_BATCHED_UNMAP_TLB_FLUSH /* See flush_tlb_batched_pending() */ bool tlb_flush_batched; #endif struct uprobes_state uprobes_state; #ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE atomic_long_t hugetlb_usage; #endif struct work_struct async_put_work; #ifdef CONFIG_IOMMU_SUPPORT u32 pasid; #endif } __randomize_layout; /* * The mm_cpumask needs to be at the end of mm_struct, because it * is dynamically sized based on nr_cpu_ids. */ unsigned long cpu_bitmap[]; }; extern struct mm_struct init_mm; /* Pointer magic because the dynamic array size confuses some compilers. */ static inline void mm_init_cpumask(struct mm_struct *mm) { unsigned long cpu_bitmap = (unsigned long)mm; cpu_bitmap += offsetof(struct mm_struct, cpu_bitmap); cpumask_clear((struct cpumask *)cpu_bitmap); } /* Future-safe accessor for struct mm_struct's cpu_vm_mask. */ static inline cpumask_t *mm_cpumask(struct mm_struct *mm) { return (struct cpumask *)&mm->cpu_bitmap; } struct mmu_gather; extern void tlb_gather_mmu(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); extern void tlb_finish_mmu(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); static inline void init_tlb_flush_pending(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_set(&mm->tlb_flush_pending, 0); } static inline void inc_tlb_flush_pending(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_inc(&mm->tlb_flush_pending); /* * The only time this value is relevant is when there are indeed pages * to flush. And we'll only flush pages after changing them, which * requires the PTL. * * So the ordering here is: * * atomic_inc(&mm->tlb_flush_pending); * spin_lock(&ptl); * ... * set_pte_at(); * spin_unlock(&ptl); * * spin_lock(&ptl) * mm_tlb_flush_pending(); * .... * spin_unlock(&ptl); * * flush_tlb_range(); * atomic_dec(&mm->tlb_flush_pending); * * Where the increment if constrained by the PTL unlock, it thus * ensures that the increment is visible if the PTE modification is * visible. After all, if there is no PTE modification, nobody cares * about TLB flushes either. * * This very much relies on users (mm_tlb_flush_pending() and * mm_tlb_flush_nested()) only caring about _specific_ PTEs (and * therefore specific PTLs), because with SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS and RCpc * locks (PPC) the unlock of one doesn't order against the lock of * another PTL. * * The decrement is ordered by the flush_tlb_range(), such that * mm_tlb_flush_pending() will not return false unless all flushes have * completed. */ } static inline void dec_tlb_flush_pending(struct mm_struct *mm) { /* * See inc_tlb_flush_pending(). * * This cannot be smp_mb__before_atomic() because smp_mb() simply does * not order against TLB invalidate completion, which is what we need. * * Therefore we must rely on tlb_flush_*() to guarantee order. */ atomic_dec(&mm->tlb_flush_pending); } static inline bool mm_tlb_flush_pending(struct mm_struct *mm) { /* * Must be called after having acquired the PTL; orders against that * PTLs release and therefore ensures that if we observe the modified * PTE we must also observe the increment from inc_tlb_flush_pending(). * * That is, it only guarantees to return true if there is a flush * pending for _this_ PTL. */ return atomic_read(&mm->tlb_flush_pending); } static inline bool mm_tlb_flush_nested(struct mm_struct *mm) { /* * Similar to mm_tlb_flush_pending(), we must have acquired the PTL * for which there is a TLB flush pending in order to guarantee * we've seen both that PTE modification and the increment. * * (no requirement on actually still holding the PTL, that is irrelevant) */ return atomic_read(&mm->tlb_flush_pending) > 1; } struct vm_fault; /** * typedef vm_fault_t - Return type for page fault handlers. * * Page fault handlers return a bitmask of %VM_FAULT values. */ typedef __bitwise unsigned int vm_fault_t; /** * enum vm_fault_reason - Page fault handlers return a bitmask of * these values to tell the core VM what happened when handling the * fault. Used to decide whether a process gets delivered SIGBUS or * just gets major/minor fault counters bumped up. * * @VM_FAULT_OOM: Out Of Memory * @VM_FAULT_SIGBUS: Bad access * @VM_FAULT_MAJOR: Page read from storage * @VM_FAULT_WRITE: Special case for get_user_pages * @VM_FAULT_HWPOISON: Hit poisoned small page * @VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE: Hit poisoned large page. Index encoded * in upper bits * @VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV: segmentation fault * @VM_FAULT_NOPAGE: ->fault installed the pte, not return page * @VM_FAULT_LOCKED: ->fault locked the returned page * @VM_FAULT_RETRY: ->fault blocked, must retry * @VM_FAULT_FALLBACK: huge page fault failed, fall back to small * @VM_FAULT_DONE_COW: ->fault has fully handled COW * @VM_FAULT_NEEDDSYNC: ->fault did not modify page tables and needs * fsync() to complete (for synchronous page faults * in DAX) * @VM_FAULT_HINDEX_MASK: mask HINDEX value * */ enum vm_fault_reason { VM_FAULT_OOM = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000001, VM_FAULT_SIGBUS = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000002, VM_FAULT_MAJOR = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000004, VM_FAULT_WRITE = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000008, VM_FAULT_HWPOISON = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000010, VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000020, VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000040, VM_FAULT_NOPAGE = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000100, VM_FAULT_LOCKED = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000200, VM_FAULT_RETRY = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000400, VM_FAULT_FALLBACK = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000800, VM_FAULT_DONE_COW = (__force vm_fault_t)0x001000, VM_FAULT_NEEDDSYNC = (__force vm_fault_t)0x002000, VM_FAULT_HINDEX_MASK = (__force vm_fault_t)0x0f0000, }; /* Encode hstate index for a hwpoisoned large page */ #define VM_FAULT_SET_HINDEX(x) ((__force vm_fault_t)((x) << 16)) #define VM_FAULT_GET_HINDEX(x) (((__force unsigned int)(x) >> 16) & 0xf) #define VM_FAULT_ERROR (VM_FAULT_OOM | VM_FAULT_SIGBUS | \ VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV | VM_FAULT_HWPOISON | \ VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE | VM_FAULT_FALLBACK) #define VM_FAULT_RESULT_TRACE \ { VM_FAULT_OOM, "OOM" }, \ { VM_FAULT_SIGBUS, "SIGBUS" }, \ { VM_FAULT_MAJOR, "MAJOR" }, \ { VM_FAULT_WRITE, "WRITE" }, \ { VM_FAULT_HWPOISON, "HWPOISON" }, \ { VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE, "HWPOISON_LARGE" }, \ { VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV, "SIGSEGV" }, \ { VM_FAULT_NOPAGE, "NOPAGE" }, \ { VM_FAULT_LOCKED, "LOCKED" }, \ { VM_FAULT_RETRY, "RETRY" }, \ { VM_FAULT_FALLBACK, "FALLBACK" }, \ { VM_FAULT_DONE_COW, "DONE_COW" }, \ { VM_FAULT_NEEDDSYNC, "NEEDDSYNC" } struct vm_special_mapping { const char *name; /* The name, e.g. "[vdso]". */ /* * If .fault is not provided, this points to a * NULL-terminated array of pages that back the special mapping. * * This must not be NULL unless .fault is provided. */ struct page **pages; /* * If non-NULL, then this is called to resolve page faults * on the special mapping. If used, .pages is not checked. */ vm_fault_t (*fault)(const struct vm_special_mapping *sm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_fault *vmf); int (*mremap)(const struct vm_special_mapping *sm, struct vm_area_struct *new_vma); }; enum tlb_flush_reason { TLB_FLUSH_ON_TASK_SWITCH, TLB_REMOTE_SHOOTDOWN, TLB_LOCAL_SHOOTDOWN, TLB_LOCAL_MM_SHOOTDOWN, TLB_REMOTE_SEND_IPI, NR_TLB_FLUSH_REASONS, }; /* * A swap entry has to fit into a "unsigned long", as the entry is hidden * in the "index" field of the swapper address space. */ typedef struct { unsigned long val; } swp_entry_t; #endif /* _LINUX_MM_TYPES_H */
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3420 3421 3422 3423 3424 3425 3426 3427 3428 3429 3430 3431 3432 3433 3434 3435 3436 3437 3438 3439 3440 3441 3442 3443 3444 3445 3446 3447 3448 3449 3450 3451 3452 3453 3454 3455 3456 3457 3458 3459 3460 3461 3462 3463 3464 3465 3466 3467 3468 3469 3470 3471 3472 3473 3474 3475 3476 3477 3478 3479 3480 3481 3482 3483 3484 3485 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_FS_H #define _LINUX_FS_H #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/wait_bit.h> #include <linux/kdev_t.h> #include <linux/dcache.h> #include <linux/path.h> #include <linux/stat.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/list_lru.h> #include <linux/llist.h> #include <linux/radix-tree.h> #include <linux/xarray.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/pid.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/semaphore.h> #include <linux/fcntl.h> #include <linux/rculist_bl.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/shrinker.h> #include <linux/migrate_mode.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <linux/percpu-rwsem.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/delayed_call.h> #include <linux/uuid.h> #include <linux/errseq.h> #include <linux/ioprio.h> #include <linux/fs_types.h> #include <linux/build_bug.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <asm/byteorder.h> #include <uapi/linux/fs.h> struct backing_dev_info; struct bdi_writeback; struct bio; struct export_operations; struct fiemap_extent_info; struct hd_geometry; struct iovec; struct kiocb; struct kobject; struct pipe_inode_info; struct poll_table_struct; struct kstatfs; struct vm_area_struct; struct vfsmount; struct cred; struct swap_info_struct; struct seq_file; struct workqueue_struct; struct iov_iter; struct fscrypt_info; struct fscrypt_operations; struct fsverity_info; struct fsverity_operations; struct fs_context; struct fs_parameter_spec; extern void __init inode_init(void); extern void __init inode_init_early(void); extern void __init files_init(void); extern void __init files_maxfiles_init(void); extern struct files_stat_struct files_stat; extern unsigned long get_max_files(void); extern unsigned int sysctl_nr_open; extern struct inodes_stat_t inodes_stat; extern int leases_enable, lease_break_time; extern int sysctl_protected_symlinks; extern int sysctl_protected_hardlinks; extern int sysctl_protected_fifos; extern int sysctl_protected_regular; typedef __kernel_rwf_t rwf_t; struct buffer_head; typedef int (get_block_t)(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock, struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create); typedef int (dio_iodone_t)(struct kiocb *iocb, loff_t offset, ssize_t bytes, void *private); #define MAY_EXEC 0x00000001 #define MAY_WRITE 0x00000002 #define MAY_READ 0x00000004 #define MAY_APPEND 0x00000008 #define MAY_ACCESS 0x00000010 #define MAY_OPEN 0x00000020 #define MAY_CHDIR 0x00000040 /* called from RCU mode, don't block */ #define MAY_NOT_BLOCK 0x00000080 /* * flags in file.f_mode. Note that FMODE_READ and FMODE_WRITE must correspond * to O_WRONLY and O_RDWR via the strange trick in do_dentry_open() */ /* file is open for reading */ #define FMODE_READ ((__force fmode_t)0x1) /* file is open for writing */ #define FMODE_WRITE ((__force fmode_t)0x2) /* file is seekable */ #define FMODE_LSEEK ((__force fmode_t)0x4) /* file can be accessed using pread */ #define FMODE_PREAD ((__force fmode_t)0x8) /* file can be accessed using pwrite */ #define FMODE_PWRITE ((__force fmode_t)0x10) /* File is opened for execution with sys_execve / sys_uselib */ #define FMODE_EXEC ((__force fmode_t)0x20) /* File is opened with O_NDELAY (only set for block devices) */ #define FMODE_NDELAY ((__force fmode_t)0x40) /* File is opened with O_EXCL (only set for block devices) */ #define FMODE_EXCL ((__force fmode_t)0x80) /* File is opened using open(.., 3, ..) and is writeable only for ioctls (specialy hack for floppy.c) */ #define FMODE_WRITE_IOCTL ((__force fmode_t)0x100) /* 32bit hashes as llseek() offset (for directories) */ #define FMODE_32BITHASH ((__force fmode_t)0x200) /* 64bit hashes as llseek() offset (for directories) */ #define FMODE_64BITHASH ((__force fmode_t)0x400) /* * Don't update ctime and mtime. * * Currently a special hack for the XFS open_by_handle ioctl, but we'll * hopefully graduate it to a proper O_CMTIME flag supported by open(2) soon. */ #define FMODE_NOCMTIME ((__force fmode_t)0x800) /* Expect random access pattern */ #define FMODE_RANDOM ((__force fmode_t)0x1000) /* File is huge (eg. /dev/kmem): treat loff_t as unsigned */ #define FMODE_UNSIGNED_OFFSET ((__force fmode_t)0x2000) /* File is opened with O_PATH; almost nothing can be done with it */ #define FMODE_PATH ((__force fmode_t)0x4000) /* File needs atomic accesses to f_pos */ #define FMODE_ATOMIC_POS ((__force fmode_t)0x8000) /* Write access to underlying fs */ #define FMODE_WRITER ((__force fmode_t)0x10000) /* Has read method(s) */ #define FMODE_CAN_READ ((__force fmode_t)0x20000) /* Has write method(s) */ #define FMODE_CAN_WRITE ((__force fmode_t)0x40000) #define FMODE_OPENED ((__force fmode_t)0x80000) #define FMODE_CREATED ((__force fmode_t)0x100000) /* File is stream-like */ #define FMODE_STREAM ((__force fmode_t)0x200000) /* File was opened by fanotify and shouldn't generate fanotify events */ #define FMODE_NONOTIFY ((__force fmode_t)0x4000000) /* File is capable of returning -EAGAIN if I/O will block */ #define FMODE_NOWAIT ((__force fmode_t)0x8000000) /* File represents mount that needs unmounting */ #define FMODE_NEED_UNMOUNT ((__force fmode_t)0x10000000) /* File does not contribute to nr_files count */ #define FMODE_NOACCOUNT ((__force fmode_t)0x20000000) /* File supports async buffered reads */ #define FMODE_BUF_RASYNC ((__force fmode_t)0x40000000) /* * Attribute flags. These should be or-ed together to figure out what * has been changed! */ #define ATTR_MODE (1 << 0) #define ATTR_UID (1 << 1) #define ATTR_GID (1 << 2) #define ATTR_SIZE (1 << 3) #define ATTR_ATIME (1 << 4) #define ATTR_MTIME (1 << 5) #define ATTR_CTIME (1 << 6) #define ATTR_ATIME_SET (1 << 7) #define ATTR_MTIME_SET (1 << 8) #define ATTR_FORCE (1 << 9) /* Not a change, but a change it */ #define ATTR_KILL_SUID (1 << 11) #define ATTR_KILL_SGID (1 << 12) #define ATTR_FILE (1 << 13) #define ATTR_KILL_PRIV (1 << 14) #define ATTR_OPEN (1 << 15) /* Truncating from open(O_TRUNC) */ #define ATTR_TIMES_SET (1 << 16) #define ATTR_TOUCH (1 << 17) /* * Whiteout is represented by a char device. The following constants define the * mode and device number to use. */ #define WHITEOUT_MODE 0 #define WHITEOUT_DEV 0 /* * This is the Inode Attributes structure, used for notify_change(). It * uses the above definitions as flags, to know which values have changed. * Also, in this manner, a Filesystem can look at only the values it cares * about. Basically, these are the attributes that the VFS layer can * request to change from the FS layer. * * Derek Atkins <warlord@MIT.EDU> 94-10-20 */ struct iattr { unsigned int ia_valid; umode_t ia_mode; kuid_t ia_uid; kgid_t ia_gid; loff_t ia_size; struct timespec64 ia_atime; struct timespec64 ia_mtime; struct timespec64 ia_ctime; /* * Not an attribute, but an auxiliary info for filesystems wanting to * implement an ftruncate() like method. NOTE: filesystem should * check for (ia_valid & ATTR_FILE), and not for (ia_file != NULL). */ struct file *ia_file; }; /* * Includes for diskquotas. */ #include <linux/quota.h> /* * Maximum number of layers of fs stack. Needs to be limited to * prevent kernel stack overflow */ #define FILESYSTEM_MAX_STACK_DEPTH 2 /** * enum positive_aop_returns - aop return codes with specific semantics * * @AOP_WRITEPAGE_ACTIVATE: Informs the caller that page writeback has * completed, that the page is still locked, and * should be considered active. The VM uses this hint * to return the page to the active list -- it won't * be a candidate for writeback again in the near * future. Other callers must be careful to unlock * the page if they get this return. Returned by * writepage(); * * @AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE: The AOP method that was handed a locked page has * unlocked it and the page might have been truncated. * The caller should back up to acquiring a new page and * trying again. The aop will be taking reasonable * precautions not to livelock. If the caller held a page * reference, it should drop it before retrying. Returned * by readpage(). * * address_space_operation functions return these large constants to indicate * special semantics to the caller. These are much larger than the bytes in a * page to allow for functions that return the number of bytes operated on in a * given page. */ enum positive_aop_returns { AOP_WRITEPAGE_ACTIVATE = 0x80000, AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE = 0x80001, }; #define AOP_FLAG_CONT_EXPAND 0x0001 /* called from cont_expand */ #define AOP_FLAG_NOFS 0x0002 /* used by filesystem to direct * helper code (eg buffer layer) * to clear GFP_FS from alloc */ /* * oh the beauties of C type declarations. */ struct page; struct address_space; struct writeback_control; struct readahead_control; /* * Write life time hint values. * Stored in struct inode as u8. */ enum rw_hint { WRITE_LIFE_NOT_SET = 0, WRITE_LIFE_NONE = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_NONE, WRITE_LIFE_SHORT = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_SHORT, WRITE_LIFE_MEDIUM = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_MEDIUM, WRITE_LIFE_LONG = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_LONG, WRITE_LIFE_EXTREME = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_EXTREME, }; /* Match RWF_* bits to IOCB bits */ #define IOCB_HIPRI (__force int) RWF_HIPRI #define IOCB_DSYNC (__force int) RWF_DSYNC #define IOCB_SYNC (__force int) RWF_SYNC #define IOCB_NOWAIT (__force int) RWF_NOWAIT #define IOCB_APPEND (__force int) RWF_APPEND /* non-RWF related bits - start at 16 */ #define IOCB_EVENTFD (1 << 16) #define IOCB_DIRECT (1 << 17) #define IOCB_WRITE (1 << 18) /* iocb->ki_waitq is valid */ #define IOCB_WAITQ (1 << 19) #define IOCB_NOIO (1 << 20) struct kiocb { struct file *ki_filp; /* The 'ki_filp' pointer is shared in a union for aio */ randomized_struct_fields_start loff_t ki_pos; void (*ki_complete)(struct kiocb *iocb, long ret, long ret2); void *private; int ki_flags; u16 ki_hint; u16 ki_ioprio; /* See linux/ioprio.h */ union { unsigned int ki_cookie; /* for ->iopoll */ struct wait_page_queue *ki_waitq; /* for async buffered IO */ }; randomized_struct_fields_end }; static inline bool is_sync_kiocb(struct kiocb *kiocb) { return kiocb->ki_complete == NULL; } /* * "descriptor" for what we're up to with a read. * This allows us to use the same read code yet * have multiple different users of the data that * we read from a file. * * The simplest case just copies the data to user * mode. */ typedef struct { size_t written; size_t count; union { char __user *buf; void *data; } arg; int error; } read_descriptor_t; typedef int (*read_actor_t)(read_descriptor_t *, struct page *, unsigned long, unsigned long); struct address_space_operations { int (*writepage)(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc); int (*readpage)(struct file *, struct page *); /* Write back some dirty pages from this mapping. */ int (*writepages)(struct address_space *, struct writeback_control *); /* Set a page dirty. Return true if this dirtied it */ int (*set_page_dirty)(struct page *page); /* * Reads in the requested pages. Unlike ->readpage(), this is * PURELY used for read-ahead!. */ int (*readpages)(struct file *filp, struct address_space *mapping, struct list_head *pages, unsigned nr_pages); void (*readahead)(struct readahead_control *); int (*write_begin)(struct file *, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, void **fsdata); int (*write_end)(struct file *, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page, void *fsdata); /* Unfortunately this kludge is needed for FIBMAP. Don't use it */ sector_t (*bmap)(struct address_space *, sector_t); void (*invalidatepage) (struct page *, unsigned int, unsigned int); int (*releasepage) (struct page *, gfp_t); void (*freepage)(struct page *); ssize_t (*direct_IO)(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *iter); /* * migrate the contents of a page to the specified target. If * migrate_mode is MIGRATE_ASYNC, it must not block. */ int (*migratepage) (struct address_space *, struct page *, struct page *, enum migrate_mode); bool (*isolate_page)(struct page *, isolate_mode_t); void (*putback_page)(struct page *); int (*launder_page) (struct page *); int (*is_partially_uptodate) (struct page *, unsigned long, unsigned long); void (*is_dirty_writeback) (struct page *, bool *, bool *); int (*error_remove_page)(struct address_space *, struct page *); /* swapfile support */ int (*swap_activate)(struct swap_info_struct *sis, struct file *file, sector_t *span); void (*swap_deactivate)(struct file *file); }; extern const struct address_space_operations empty_aops; /* * pagecache_write_begin/pagecache_write_end must be used by general code * to write into the pagecache. */ int pagecache_write_begin(struct file *, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, void **fsdata); int pagecache_write_end(struct file *, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page, void *fsdata); /** * struct address_space - Contents of a cacheable, mappable object. * @host: Owner, either the inode or the block_device. * @i_pages: Cached pages. * @gfp_mask: Memory allocation flags to use for allocating pages. * @i_mmap_writable: Number of VM_SHARED mappings. * @nr_thps: Number of THPs in the pagecache (non-shmem only). * @i_mmap: Tree of private and shared mappings. * @i_mmap_rwsem: Protects @i_mmap and @i_mmap_writable. * @nrpages: Number of page entries, protected by the i_pages lock. * @nrexceptional: Shadow or DAX entries, protected by the i_pages lock. * @writeback_index: Writeback starts here. * @a_ops: Methods. * @flags: Error bits and flags (AS_*). * @wb_err: The most recent error which has occurred. * @private_lock: For use by the owner of the address_space. * @private_list: For use by the owner of the address_space. * @private_data: For use by the owner of the address_space. */ struct address_space { struct inode *host; struct xarray i_pages; gfp_t gfp_mask; atomic_t i_mmap_writable; #ifdef CONFIG_READ_ONLY_THP_FOR_FS /* number of thp, only for non-shmem files */ atomic_t nr_thps; #endif struct rb_root_cached i_mmap; struct rw_semaphore i_mmap_rwsem; unsigned long nrpages; unsigned long nrexceptional; pgoff_t writeback_index; const struct address_space_operations *a_ops; unsigned long flags; errseq_t wb_err; spinlock_t private_lock; struct list_head private_list; void *private_data; } __attribute__((aligned(sizeof(long)))) __randomize_layout; /* * On most architectures that alignment is already the case; but * must be enforced here for CRIS, to let the least significant bit * of struct page's "mapping" pointer be used for PAGE_MAPPING_ANON. */ /* XArray tags, for tagging dirty and writeback pages in the pagecache. */ #define PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY XA_MARK_0 #define PAGECACHE_TAG_WRITEBACK XA_MARK_1 #define PAGECACHE_TAG_TOWRITE XA_MARK_2 /* * Returns true if any of the pages in the mapping are marked with the tag. */ static inline bool mapping_tagged(struct address_space *mapping, xa_mark_t tag) { return xa_marked(&mapping->i_pages, tag); } static inline void i_mmap_lock_write(struct address_space *mapping) { down_write(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline int i_mmap_trylock_write(struct address_space *mapping) { return down_write_trylock(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline void i_mmap_unlock_write(struct address_space *mapping) { up_write(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline void i_mmap_lock_read(struct address_space *mapping) { down_read(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline void i_mmap_unlock_read(struct address_space *mapping) { up_read(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline void i_mmap_assert_locked(struct address_space *mapping) { lockdep_assert_held(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline void i_mmap_assert_write_locked(struct address_space *mapping) { lockdep_assert_held_write(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } /* * Might pages of this file be mapped into userspace? */ static inline int mapping_mapped(struct address_space *mapping) { return !RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root); } /* * Might pages of this file have been modified in userspace? * Note that i_mmap_writable counts all VM_SHARED vmas: do_mmap * marks vma as VM_SHARED if it is shared, and the file was opened for * writing i.e. vma may be mprotected writable even if now readonly. * * If i_mmap_writable is negative, no new writable mappings are allowed. You * can only deny writable mappings, if none exists right now. */ static inline int mapping_writably_mapped(struct address_space *mapping) { return atomic_read(&mapping->i_mmap_writable) > 0; } static inline int mapping_map_writable(struct address_space *mapping) { return atomic_inc_unless_negative(&mapping->i_mmap_writable) ? 0 : -EPERM; } static inline void mapping_unmap_writable(struct address_space *mapping) { atomic_dec(&mapping->i_mmap_writable); } static inline int mapping_deny_writable(struct address_space *mapping) { return atomic_dec_unless_positive(&mapping->i_mmap_writable) ? 0 : -EBUSY; } static inline void mapping_allow_writable(struct address_space *mapping) { atomic_inc(&mapping->i_mmap_writable); } /* * Use sequence counter to get consistent i_size on 32-bit processors. */ #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) #include <linux/seqlock.h> #define __NEED_I_SIZE_ORDERED #define i_size_ordered_init(inode) seqcount_init(&inode->i_size_seqcount) #else #define i_size_ordered_init(inode) do { } while (0) #endif struct posix_acl; #define ACL_NOT_CACHED ((void *)(-1)) #define ACL_DONT_CACHE ((void *)(-3)) static inline struct posix_acl * uncached_acl_sentinel(struct task_struct *task) { return (void *)task + 1; } static inline bool is_uncached_acl(struct posix_acl *acl) { return (long)acl & 1; } #define IOP_FASTPERM 0x0001 #define IOP_LOOKUP 0x0002 #define IOP_NOFOLLOW 0x0004 #define IOP_XATTR 0x0008 #define IOP_DEFAULT_READLINK 0x0010 struct fsnotify_mark_connector; /* * Keep mostly read-only and often accessed (especially for * the RCU path lookup and 'stat' data) fields at the beginning * of the 'struct inode' */ struct inode { umode_t i_mode; unsigned short i_opflags; kuid_t i_uid; kgid_t i_gid; unsigned int i_flags; #ifdef CONFIG_FS_POSIX_ACL struct posix_acl *i_acl; struct posix_acl *i_default_acl; #endif const struct inode_operations *i_op; struct super_block *i_sb; struct address_space *i_mapping; #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY void *i_security; #endif /* Stat data, not accessed from path walking */ unsigned long i_ino; /* * Filesystems may only read i_nlink directly. They shall use the * following functions for modification: * * (set|clear|inc|drop)_nlink * inode_(inc|dec)_link_count */ union { const unsigned int i_nlink; unsigned int __i_nlink; }; dev_t i_rdev; loff_t i_size; struct timespec64 i_atime; struct timespec64 i_mtime; struct timespec64 i_ctime; spinlock_t i_lock; /* i_blocks, i_bytes, maybe i_size */ unsigned short i_bytes; u8 i_blkbits; u8 i_write_hint; blkcnt_t i_blocks; #ifdef __NEED_I_SIZE_ORDERED seqcount_t i_size_seqcount; #endif /* Misc */ unsigned long i_state; struct rw_semaphore i_rwsem; unsigned long dirtied_when; /* jiffies of first dirtying */ unsigned long dirtied_time_when; struct hlist_node i_hash; struct list_head i_io_list; /* backing dev IO list */ #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK struct bdi_writeback *i_wb; /* the associated cgroup wb */ /* foreign inode detection, see wbc_detach_inode() */ int i_wb_frn_winner; u16 i_wb_frn_avg_time; u16 i_wb_frn_history; #endif struct list_head i_lru; /* inode LRU list */ struct list_head i_sb_list; struct list_head i_wb_list; /* backing dev writeback list */ union { struct hlist_head i_dentry; struct rcu_head i_rcu; }; atomic64_t i_version; atomic64_t i_sequence; /* see futex */ atomic_t i_count; atomic_t i_dio_count; atomic_t i_writecount; #if defined(CONFIG_IMA) || defined(CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING) atomic_t i_readcount; /* struct files open RO */ #endif union { const struct file_operations *i_fop; /* former ->i_op->default_file_ops */ void (*free_inode)(struct inode *); }; struct file_lock_context *i_flctx; struct address_space i_data; struct list_head i_devices; union { struct pipe_inode_info *i_pipe; struct block_device *i_bdev; struct cdev *i_cdev; char *i_link; unsigned i_dir_seq; }; __u32 i_generation; #ifdef CONFIG_FSNOTIFY __u32 i_fsnotify_mask; /* all events this inode cares about */ struct fsnotify_mark_connector __rcu *i_fsnotify_marks; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION struct fscrypt_info *i_crypt_info; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FS_VERITY struct fsverity_info *i_verity_info; #endif void *i_private; /* fs or device private pointer */ } __randomize_layout; struct timespec64 timestamp_truncate(struct timespec64 t, struct inode *inode); static inline unsigned int i_blocksize(const struct inode *node) { return (1 << node->i_blkbits); } static inline int inode_unhashed(struct inode *inode) { return hlist_unhashed(&inode->i_hash); } /* * __mark_inode_dirty expects inodes to be hashed. Since we don't * want special inodes in the fileset inode space, we make them * appear hashed, but do not put on any lists. hlist_del() * will work fine and require no locking. */ static inline void inode_fake_hash(struct inode *inode) { hlist_add_fake(&inode->i_hash); } /* * inode->i_mutex nesting subclasses for the lock validator: * * 0: the object of the current VFS operation * 1: parent * 2: child/target * 3: xattr * 4: second non-directory * 5: second parent (when locking independent directories in rename) * * I_MUTEX_NONDIR2 is for certain operations (such as rename) which lock two * non-directories at once. * * The locking order between these classes is * parent[2] -> child -> grandchild -> normal -> xattr -> second non-directory */ enum inode_i_mutex_lock_class { I_MUTEX_NORMAL, I_MUTEX_PARENT, I_MUTEX_CHILD, I_MUTEX_XATTR, I_MUTEX_NONDIR2, I_MUTEX_PARENT2, }; static inline void inode_lock(struct inode *inode) { down_write(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline void inode_unlock(struct inode *inode) { up_write(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline void inode_lock_shared(struct inode *inode) { down_read(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline void inode_unlock_shared(struct inode *inode) { up_read(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline int inode_trylock(struct inode *inode) { return down_write_trylock(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline int inode_trylock_shared(struct inode *inode) { return down_read_trylock(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline int inode_is_locked(struct inode *inode) { return rwsem_is_locked(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline void inode_lock_nested(struct inode *inode, unsigned subclass) { down_write_nested(&inode->i_rwsem, subclass); } static inline void inode_lock_shared_nested(struct inode *inode, unsigned subclass) { down_read_nested(&inode->i_rwsem, subclass); } void lock_two_nondirectories(struct inode *, struct inode*); void unlock_two_nondirectories(struct inode *, struct inode*); /* * NOTE: in a 32bit arch with a preemptable kernel and * an UP compile the i_size_read/write must be atomic * with respect to the local cpu (unlike with preempt disabled), * but they don't need to be atomic with respect to other cpus like in * true SMP (so they need either to either locally disable irq around * the read or for example on x86 they can be still implemented as a * cmpxchg8b without the need of the lock prefix). For SMP compiles * and 64bit archs it makes no difference if preempt is enabled or not. */ static inline loff_t i_size_read(const struct inode *inode) { #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) loff_t i_size; unsigned int seq; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&inode->i_size_seqcount); i_size = inode->i_size; } while (read_seqcount_retry(&inode->i_size_seqcount, seq)); return i_size; #elif BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) loff_t i_size; preempt_disable(); i_size = inode->i_size; preempt_enable(); return i_size; #else return inode->i_size; #endif } /* * NOTE: unlike i_size_read(), i_size_write() does need locking around it * (normally i_mutex), otherwise on 32bit/SMP an update of i_size_seqcount * can be lost, resulting in subsequent i_size_read() calls spinning forever. */ static inline void i_size_write(struct inode *inode, loff_t i_size) { #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) preempt_disable(); write_seqcount_begin(&inode->i_size_seqcount); inode->i_size = i_size; write_seqcount_end(&inode->i_size_seqcount); preempt_enable(); #elif BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) preempt_disable(); inode->i_size = i_size; preempt_enable(); #else inode->i_size = i_size; #endif } static inline unsigned iminor(const struct inode *inode) { return MINOR(inode->i_rdev); } static inline unsigned imajor(const struct inode *inode) { return MAJOR(inode->i_rdev); } struct fown_struct { rwlock_t lock; /* protects pid, uid, euid fields */ struct pid *pid; /* pid or -pgrp where SIGIO should be sent */ enum pid_type pid_type; /* Kind of process group SIGIO should be sent to */ kuid_t uid, euid; /* uid/euid of process setting the owner */ int signum; /* posix.1b rt signal to be delivered on IO */ }; /* * Track a single file's readahead state */ struct file_ra_state { pgoff_t start; /* where readahead started */ unsigned int size; /* # of readahead pages */ unsigned int async_size; /* do asynchronous readahead when there are only # of pages ahead */ unsigned int ra_pages; /* Maximum readahead window */ unsigned int mmap_miss; /* Cache miss stat for mmap accesses */ loff_t prev_pos; /* Cache last read() position */ }; /* * Check if @index falls in the readahead windows. */ static inline int ra_has_index(struct file_ra_state *ra, pgoff_t index) { return (index >= ra->start && index < ra->start + ra->size); } struct file { union { struct llist_node fu_llist; struct rcu_head fu_rcuhead; } f_u; struct path f_path; struct inode *f_inode; /* cached value */ const struct file_operations *f_op; /* * Protects f_ep_links, f_flags. * Must not be taken from IRQ context. */ spinlock_t f_lock; enum rw_hint f_write_hint; atomic_long_t f_count; unsigned int f_flags; fmode_t f_mode; struct mutex f_pos_lock; loff_t f_pos; struct fown_struct f_owner; const struct cred *f_cred; struct file_ra_state f_ra; u64 f_version; #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY void *f_security; #endif /* needed for tty driver, and maybe others */ void *private_data; #ifdef CONFIG_EPOLL /* Used by fs/eventpoll.c to link all the hooks to this file */ struct list_head f_ep_links; struct list_head f_tfile_llink; #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_EPOLL */ struct address_space *f_mapping; errseq_t f_wb_err; errseq_t f_sb_err; /* for syncfs */ } __randomize_layout __attribute__((aligned(4))); /* lest something weird decides that 2 is OK */ struct file_handle { __u32 handle_bytes; int handle_type; /* file identifier */ unsigned char f_handle[]; }; static inline struct file *get_file(struct file *f) { atomic_long_inc(&f->f_count); return f; } #define get_file_rcu_many(x, cnt) \ atomic_long_add_unless(&(x)->f_count, (cnt), 0) #define get_file_rcu(x) get_file_rcu_many((x), 1) #define file_count(x) atomic_long_read(&(x)->f_count) #define MAX_NON_LFS ((1UL<<31) - 1) /* Page cache limit. The filesystems should put that into their s_maxbytes limits, otherwise bad things can happen in VM. */ #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 #define MAX_LFS_FILESIZE ((loff_t)ULONG_MAX << PAGE_SHIFT) #elif BITS_PER_LONG==64 #define MAX_LFS_FILESIZE ((loff_t)LLONG_MAX) #endif #define FL_POSIX 1 #define FL_FLOCK 2 #define FL_DELEG 4 /* NFSv4 delegation */ #define FL_ACCESS 8 /* not trying to lock, just looking */ #define FL_EXISTS 16 /* when unlocking, test for existence */ #define FL_LEASE 32 /* lease held on this file */ #define FL_CLOSE 64 /* unlock on close */ #define FL_SLEEP 128 /* A blocking lock */ #define FL_DOWNGRADE_PENDING 256 /* Lease is being downgraded */ #define FL_UNLOCK_PENDING 512 /* Lease is being broken */ #define FL_OFDLCK 1024 /* lock is "owned" by struct file */ #define FL_LAYOUT 2048 /* outstanding pNFS layout */ #define FL_CLOSE_POSIX (FL_POSIX | FL_CLOSE) /* * Special return value from posix_lock_file() and vfs_lock_file() for * asynchronous locking. */ #define FILE_LOCK_DEFERRED 1 /* legacy typedef, should eventually be removed */ typedef void *fl_owner_t; struct file_lock; struct file_lock_operations { void (*fl_copy_lock)(struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *); void (*fl_release_private)(struct file_lock *); }; struct lock_manager_operations { fl_owner_t (*lm_get_owner)(fl_owner_t); void (*lm_put_owner)(fl_owner_t); void (*lm_notify)(struct file_lock *); /* unblock callback */ int (*lm_grant)(struct file_lock *, int); bool (*lm_break)(struct file_lock *); int (*lm_change)(struct file_lock *, int, struct list_head *); void (*lm_setup)(struct file_lock *, void **); bool (*lm_breaker_owns_lease)(struct file_lock *); }; struct lock_manager { struct list_head list; /* * NFSv4 and up also want opens blocked during the grace period; * NLM doesn't care: */ bool block_opens; }; struct net; void locks_start_grace(struct net *, struct lock_manager *); void locks_end_grace(struct lock_manager *); bool locks_in_grace(struct net *); bool opens_in_grace(struct net *); /* that will die - we need it for nfs_lock_info */ #include <linux/nfs_fs_i.h> /* * struct file_lock represents a generic "file lock". It's used to represent * POSIX byte range locks, BSD (flock) locks, and leases. It's important to * note that the same struct is used to represent both a request for a lock and * the lock itself, but the same object is never used for both. * * FIXME: should we create a separate "struct lock_request" to help distinguish * these two uses? * * The varous i_flctx lists are ordered by: * * 1) lock owner * 2) lock range start * 3) lock range end * * Obviously, the last two criteria only matter for POSIX locks. */ struct file_lock { struct file_lock *fl_blocker; /* The lock, that is blocking us */ struct list_head fl_list; /* link into file_lock_context */ struct hlist_node fl_link; /* node in global lists */ struct list_head fl_blocked_requests; /* list of requests with * ->fl_blocker pointing here */ struct list_head fl_blocked_member; /* node in * ->fl_blocker->fl_blocked_requests */ fl_owner_t fl_owner; unsigned int fl_flags; unsigned char fl_type; unsigned int fl_pid; int fl_link_cpu; /* what cpu's list is this on? */ wait_queue_head_t fl_wait; struct file *fl_file; loff_t fl_start; loff_t fl_end; struct fasync_struct * fl_fasync; /* for lease break notifications */ /* for lease breaks: */ unsigned long fl_break_time; unsigned long fl_downgrade_time; const struct file_lock_operations *fl_ops; /* Callbacks for filesystems */ const struct lock_manager_operations *fl_lmops; /* Callbacks for lockmanagers */ union { struct nfs_lock_info nfs_fl; struct nfs4_lock_info nfs4_fl; struct { struct list_head link; /* link in AFS vnode's pending_locks list */ int state; /* state of grant or error if -ve */ unsigned int debug_id; } afs; } fl_u; } __randomize_layout; struct file_lock_context { spinlock_t flc_lock; struct list_head flc_flock; struct list_head flc_posix; struct list_head flc_lease; }; /* The following constant reflects the upper bound of the file/locking space */ #ifndef OFFSET_MAX #define INT_LIMIT(x) (~((x)1 << (sizeof(x)*8 - 1))) #define OFFSET_MAX INT_LIMIT(loff_t) #define OFFT_OFFSET_MAX INT_LIMIT(off_t) #endif extern void send_sigio(struct fown_struct *fown, int fd, int band); #define locks_inode(f) file_inode(f) #ifdef CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING extern int fcntl_getlk(struct file *, unsigned int, struct flock *); extern int fcntl_setlk(unsigned int, struct file *, unsigned int, struct flock *); #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 extern int fcntl_getlk64(struct file *, unsigned int, struct flock64 *); extern int fcntl_setlk64(unsigned int, struct file *, unsigned int, struct flock64 *); #endif extern int fcntl_setlease(unsigned int fd, struct file *filp, long arg); extern int fcntl_getlease(struct file *filp); /* fs/locks.c */ void locks_free_lock_context(struct inode *inode); void locks_free_lock(struct file_lock *fl); extern void locks_init_lock(struct file_lock *); extern struct file_lock * locks_alloc_lock(void); extern void locks_copy_lock(struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *); extern void locks_copy_conflock(struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *); extern void locks_remove_posix(struct file *, fl_owner_t); extern void locks_remove_file(struct file *); extern void locks_release_private(struct file_lock *); extern void posix_test_lock(struct file *, struct file_lock *); extern int posix_lock_file(struct file *, struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *); extern int locks_delete_block(struct file_lock *); extern int vfs_test_lock(struct file *, struct file_lock *); extern int vfs_lock_file(struct file *, unsigned int, struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *); extern int vfs_cancel_lock(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl); extern int locks_lock_inode_wait(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *fl); extern int __break_lease(struct inode *inode, unsigned int flags, unsigned int type); extern void lease_get_mtime(struct inode *, struct timespec64 *time); extern int generic_setlease(struct file *, long, struct file_lock **, void **priv); extern int vfs_setlease(struct file *, long, struct file_lock **, void **); extern int lease_modify(struct file_lock *, int, struct list_head *); struct notifier_block; extern int lease_register_notifier(struct notifier_block *); extern void lease_unregister_notifier(struct notifier_block *); struct files_struct; extern void show_fd_locks(struct seq_file *f, struct file *filp, struct files_struct *files); #else /* !CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING */ static inline int fcntl_getlk(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, struct flock __user *user) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int fcntl_setlk(unsigned int fd, struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, struct flock __user *user) { return -EACCES; } #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 static inline int fcntl_getlk64(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, struct flock64 __user *user) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int fcntl_setlk64(unsigned int fd, struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, struct flock64 __user *user) { return -EACCES; } #endif static inline int fcntl_setlease(unsigned int fd, struct file *filp, long arg) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int fcntl_getlease(struct file *filp) { return F_UNLCK; } static inline void locks_free_lock_context(struct inode *inode) { } static inline void locks_init_lock(struct file_lock *fl) { return; } static inline void locks_copy_conflock(struct file_lock *new, struct file_lock *fl) { return; } static inline void locks_copy_lock(struct file_lock *new, struct file_lock *fl) { return; } static inline void locks_remove_posix(struct file *filp, fl_owner_t owner) { return; } static inline void locks_remove_file(struct file *filp) { return; } static inline void posix_test_lock(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl) { return; } static inline int posix_lock_file(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl, struct file_lock *conflock) { return -ENOLCK; } static inline int locks_delete_block(struct file_lock *waiter) { return -ENOENT; } static inline int vfs_test_lock(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl) { return 0; } static inline int vfs_lock_file(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, struct file_lock *fl, struct file_lock *conf) { return -ENOLCK; } static inline int vfs_cancel_lock(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl) { return 0; } static inline int locks_lock_inode_wait(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *fl) { return -ENOLCK; } static inline int __break_lease(struct inode *inode, unsigned int mode, unsigned int type) { return 0; } static inline void lease_get_mtime(struct inode *inode, struct timespec64 *time) { return; } static inline int generic_setlease(struct file *filp, long arg, struct file_lock **flp, void **priv) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int vfs_setlease(struct file *filp, long arg, struct file_lock **lease, void **priv) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int lease_modify(struct file_lock *fl, int arg, struct list_head *dispose) { return -EINVAL; } struct files_struct; static inline void show_fd_locks(struct seq_file *f, struct file *filp, struct files_struct *files) {} #endif /* !CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING */ static inline struct inode *file_inode(const struct file *f) { return f->f_inode; } static inline struct dentry *file_dentry(const struct file *file) { return d_real(file->f_path.dentry, file_inode(file)); } static inline int locks_lock_file_wait(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl) { return locks_lock_inode_wait(locks_inode(filp), fl); } struct fasync_struct { rwlock_t fa_lock; int magic; int fa_fd; struct fasync_struct *fa_next; /* singly linked list */ struct file *fa_file; struct rcu_head fa_rcu; }; #define FASYNC_MAGIC 0x4601 /* SMP safe fasync helpers: */ extern int fasync_helper(int, struct file *, int, struct fasync_struct **); extern struct fasync_struct *fasync_insert_entry(int, struct file *, struct fasync_struct **, struct fasync_struct *); extern int fasync_remove_entry(struct file *, struct fasync_struct **); extern struct fasync_struct *fasync_alloc(void); extern void fasync_free(struct fasync_struct *); /* can be called from interrupts */ extern void kill_fasync(struct fasync_struct **, int, int); extern void __f_setown(struct file *filp, struct pid *, enum pid_type, int force); extern int f_setown(struct file *filp, unsigned long arg, int force); extern void f_delown(struct file *filp); extern pid_t f_getown(struct file *filp); extern int send_sigurg(struct fown_struct *fown); /* * sb->s_flags. Note that these mirror the equivalent MS_* flags where * represented in both. */ #define SB_RDONLY 1 /* Mount read-only */ #define SB_NOSUID 2 /* Ignore suid and sgid bits */ #define SB_NODEV 4 /* Disallow access to device special files */ #define SB_NOEXEC 8 /* Disallow program execution */ #define SB_SYNCHRONOUS 16 /* Writes are synced at once */ #define SB_MANDLOCK 64 /* Allow mandatory locks on an FS */ #define SB_DIRSYNC 128 /* Directory modifications are synchronous */ #define SB_NOATIME 1024 /* Do not update access times. */ #define SB_NODIRATIME 2048 /* Do not update directory access times */ #define SB_SILENT 32768 #define SB_POSIXACL (1<<16) /* VFS does not apply the umask */ #define SB_INLINECRYPT (1<<17) /* Use blk-crypto for encrypted files */ #define SB_KERNMOUNT (1<<22) /* this is a kern_mount call */ #define SB_I_VERSION (1<<23) /* Update inode I_version field */ #define SB_LAZYTIME (1<<25) /* Update the on-disk [acm]times lazily */ /* These sb flags are internal to the kernel */ #define SB_SUBMOUNT (1<<26) #define SB_FORCE (1<<27) #define SB_NOSEC (1<<28) #define SB_BORN (1<<29) #define SB_ACTIVE (1<<30) #define SB_NOUSER (1<<31) /* These flags relate to encoding and casefolding */ #define SB_ENC_STRICT_MODE_FL (1 << 0) #define sb_has_strict_encoding(sb) \ (sb->s_encoding_flags & SB_ENC_STRICT_MODE_FL) /* * Umount options */ #define MNT_FORCE 0x00000001 /* Attempt to forcibily umount */ #define MNT_DETACH 0x00000002 /* Just detach from the tree */ #define MNT_EXPIRE 0x00000004 /* Mark for expiry */ #define UMOUNT_NOFOLLOW 0x00000008 /* Don't follow symlink on umount */ #define UMOUNT_UNUSED 0x80000000 /* Flag guaranteed to be unused */ /* sb->s_iflags */ #define SB_I_CGROUPWB 0x00000001 /* cgroup-aware writeback enabled */ #define SB_I_NOEXEC 0x00000002 /* Ignore executables on this fs */ #define SB_I_NODEV 0x00000004 /* Ignore devices on this fs */ #define SB_I_STABLE_WRITES 0x00000008 /* don't modify blks until WB is done */ /* sb->s_iflags to limit user namespace mounts */ #define SB_I_USERNS_VISIBLE 0x00000010 /* fstype already mounted */ #define SB_I_IMA_UNVERIFIABLE_SIGNATURE 0x00000020 #define SB_I_UNTRUSTED_MOUNTER 0x00000040 #define SB_I_SKIP_SYNC 0x00000100 /* Skip superblock at global sync */ /* Possible states of 'frozen' field */ enum { SB_UNFROZEN = 0, /* FS is unfrozen */ SB_FREEZE_WRITE = 1, /* Writes, dir ops, ioctls frozen */ SB_FREEZE_PAGEFAULT = 2, /* Page faults stopped as well */ SB_FREEZE_FS = 3, /* For internal FS use (e.g. to stop * internal threads if needed) */ SB_FREEZE_COMPLETE = 4, /* ->freeze_fs finished successfully */ }; #define SB_FREEZE_LEVELS (SB_FREEZE_COMPLETE - 1) struct sb_writers { int frozen; /* Is sb frozen? */ wait_queue_head_t wait_unfrozen; /* for get_super_thawed() */ struct percpu_rw_semaphore rw_sem[SB_FREEZE_LEVELS]; }; struct super_block { struct list_head s_list; /* Keep this first */ dev_t s_dev; /* search index; _not_ kdev_t */ unsigned char s_blocksize_bits; unsigned long s_blocksize; loff_t s_maxbytes; /* Max file size */ struct file_system_type *s_type; const struct super_operations *s_op; const struct dquot_operations *dq_op; const struct quotactl_ops *s_qcop; const struct export_operations *s_export_op; unsigned long s_flags; unsigned long s_iflags; /* internal SB_I_* flags */ unsigned long s_magic; struct dentry *s_root; struct rw_semaphore s_umount; int s_count; atomic_t s_active; #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY void *s_security; #endif const struct xattr_handler **s_xattr; #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION const struct fscrypt_operations *s_cop; struct key *s_master_keys; /* master crypto keys in use */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FS_VERITY const struct fsverity_operations *s_vop; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE struct unicode_map *s_encoding; __u16 s_encoding_flags; #endif struct hlist_bl_head s_roots; /* alternate root dentries for NFS */ struct list_head s_mounts; /* list of mounts; _not_ for fs use */ struct block_device *s_bdev; struct backing_dev_info *s_bdi; struct mtd_info *s_mtd; struct hlist_node s_instances; unsigned int s_quota_types; /* Bitmask of supported quota types */ struct quota_info s_dquot; /* Diskquota specific options */ struct sb_writers s_writers; /* * Keep s_fs_info, s_time_gran, s_fsnotify_mask, and * s_fsnotify_marks together for cache efficiency. They are frequently * accessed and rarely modified. */ void *s_fs_info; /* Filesystem private info */ /* Granularity of c/m/atime in ns (cannot be worse than a second) */ u32 s_time_gran; /* Time limits for c/m/atime in seconds */ time64_t s_time_min; time64_t s_time_max; #ifdef CONFIG_FSNOTIFY __u32 s_fsnotify_mask; struct fsnotify_mark_connector __rcu *s_fsnotify_marks; #endif char s_id[32]; /* Informational name */ uuid_t s_uuid; /* UUID */ unsigned int s_max_links; fmode_t s_mode; /* * The next field is for VFS *only*. No filesystems have any business * even looking at it. You had been warned. */ struct mutex s_vfs_rename_mutex; /* Kludge */ /* * Filesystem subtype. If non-empty the filesystem type field * in /proc/mounts will be "type.subtype" */ const char *s_subtype; const struct dentry_operations *s_d_op; /* default d_op for dentries */ /* * Saved pool identifier for cleancache (-1 means none) */ int cleancache_poolid; struct shrinker s_shrink; /* per-sb shrinker handle */ /* Number of inodes with nlink == 0 but still referenced */ atomic_long_t s_remove_count; /* Pending fsnotify inode refs */ atomic_long_t s_fsnotify_inode_refs; /* Being remounted read-only */ int s_readonly_remount; /* per-sb errseq_t for reporting writeback errors via syncfs */ errseq_t s_wb_err; /* AIO completions deferred from interrupt context */ struct workqueue_struct *s_dio_done_wq; struct hlist_head s_pins; /* * Owning user namespace and default context in which to * interpret filesystem uids, gids, quotas, device nodes, * xattrs and security labels. */ struct user_namespace *s_user_ns; /* * The list_lru structure is essentially just a pointer to a table * of per-node lru lists, each of which has its own spinlock. * There is no need to put them into separate cachelines. */ struct list_lru s_dentry_lru; struct list_lru s_inode_lru; struct rcu_head rcu; struct work_struct destroy_work; struct mutex s_sync_lock; /* sync serialisation lock */ /* * Indicates how deep in a filesystem stack this SB is */ int s_stack_depth; /* s_inode_list_lock protects s_inodes */ spinlock_t s_inode_list_lock ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; struct list_head s_inodes; /* all inodes */ spinlock_t s_inode_wblist_lock; struct list_head s_inodes_wb; /* writeback inodes */ } __randomize_layout; /* Helper functions so that in most cases filesystems will * not need to deal directly with kuid_t and kgid_t and can * instead deal with the raw numeric values that are stored * in the filesystem. */ static inline uid_t i_uid_read(const struct inode *inode) { return from_kuid(inode->i_sb->s_user_ns, inode->i_uid); } static inline gid_t i_gid_read(const struct inode *inode) { return from_kgid(inode->i_sb->s_user_ns, inode->i_gid); } static inline void i_uid_write(struct inode *inode, uid_t uid) { inode->i_uid = make_kuid(inode->i_sb->s_user_ns, uid); } static inline void i_gid_write(struct inode *inode, gid_t gid) { inode->i_gid = make_kgid(inode->i_sb->s_user_ns, gid); } extern struct timespec64 current_time(struct inode *inode); /* * Snapshotting support. */ /* * These are internal functions, please use sb_start_{write,pagefault,intwrite} * instead. */ static inline void __sb_end_write(struct super_block *sb, int level) { percpu_up_read(sb->s_writers.rw_sem + level-1); } static inline void __sb_start_write(struct super_block *sb, int level) { percpu_down_read(sb->s_writers.rw_sem + level - 1); } static inline bool __sb_start_write_trylock(struct super_block *sb, int level) { return percpu_down_read_trylock(sb->s_writers.rw_sem + level - 1); } #define __sb_writers_acquired(sb, lev) \ percpu_rwsem_acquire(&(sb)->s_writers.rw_sem[(lev)-1], 1, _THIS_IP_) #define __sb_writers_release(sb, lev) \ percpu_rwsem_release(&(sb)->s_writers.rw_sem[(lev)-1], 1, _THIS_IP_) /** * sb_end_write - drop write access to a superblock * @sb: the super we wrote to * * Decrement number of writers to the filesystem. Wake up possible waiters * wanting to freeze the filesystem. */ static inline void sb_end_write(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_end_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_WRITE); } /** * sb_end_pagefault - drop write access to a superblock from a page fault * @sb: the super we wrote to * * Decrement number of processes handling write page fault to the filesystem. * Wake up possible waiters wanting to freeze the filesystem. */ static inline void sb_end_pagefault(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_end_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_PAGEFAULT); } /** * sb_end_intwrite - drop write access to a superblock for internal fs purposes * @sb: the super we wrote to * * Decrement fs-internal number of writers to the filesystem. Wake up possible * waiters wanting to freeze the filesystem. */ static inline void sb_end_intwrite(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_end_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_FS); } /** * sb_start_write - get write access to a superblock * @sb: the super we write to * * When a process wants to write data or metadata to a file system (i.e. dirty * a page or an inode), it should embed the operation in a sb_start_write() - * sb_end_write() pair to get exclusion against file system freezing. This * function increments number of writers preventing freezing. If the file * system is already frozen, the function waits until the file system is * thawed. * * Since freeze protection behaves as a lock, users have to preserve * ordering of freeze protection and other filesystem locks. Generally, * freeze protection should be the outermost lock. In particular, we have: * * sb_start_write * -> i_mutex (write path, truncate, directory ops, ...) * -> s_umount (freeze_super, thaw_super) */ static inline void sb_start_write(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_start_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_WRITE); } static inline bool sb_start_write_trylock(struct super_block *sb) { return __sb_start_write_trylock(sb, SB_FREEZE_WRITE); } /** * sb_start_pagefault - get write access to a superblock from a page fault * @sb: the super we write to * * When a process starts handling write page fault, it should embed the * operation into sb_start_pagefault() - sb_end_pagefault() pair to get * exclusion against file system freezing. This is needed since the page fault * is going to dirty a page. This function increments number of running page * faults preventing freezing. If the file system is already frozen, the * function waits until the file system is thawed. * * Since page fault freeze protection behaves as a lock, users have to preserve * ordering of freeze protection and other filesystem locks. It is advised to * put sb_start_pagefault() close to mmap_lock in lock ordering. Page fault * handling code implies lock dependency: * * mmap_lock * -> sb_start_pagefault */ static inline void sb_start_pagefault(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_start_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_PAGEFAULT); } /* * sb_start_intwrite - get write access to a superblock for internal fs purposes * @sb: the super we write to * * This is the third level of protection against filesystem freezing. It is * free for use by a filesystem. The only requirement is that it must rank * below sb_start_pagefault. * * For example filesystem can call sb_start_intwrite() when starting a * transaction which somewhat eases handling of freezing for internal sources * of filesystem changes (internal fs threads, discarding preallocation on file * close, etc.). */ static inline void sb_start_intwrite(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_start_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_FS); } static inline bool sb_start_intwrite_trylock(struct super_block *sb) { return __sb_start_write_trylock(sb, SB_FREEZE_FS); } extern bool inode_owner_or_capable(const struct inode *inode); /* * VFS helper functions.. */ extern int vfs_create(struct inode *, struct dentry *, umode_t, bool); extern int vfs_mkdir(struct inode *, struct dentry *, umode_t); extern int vfs_mknod(struct inode *, struct dentry *, umode_t, dev_t); extern int vfs_symlink(struct inode *, struct dentry *, const char *); extern int vfs_link(struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode **); extern int vfs_rmdir(struct inode *, struct dentry *); extern int vfs_unlink(struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode **); extern int vfs_rename(struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode **, unsigned int); static inline int vfs_whiteout(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry) { return vfs_mknod(dir, dentry, S_IFCHR | WHITEOUT_MODE, WHITEOUT_DEV); } extern struct dentry *vfs_tmpfile(struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode, int open_flag); int vfs_mkobj(struct dentry *, umode_t, int (*f)(struct dentry *, umode_t, void *), void *); int vfs_fchown(struct file *file, uid_t user, gid_t group); int vfs_fchmod(struct file *file, umode_t mode); int vfs_utimes(const struct path *path, struct timespec64 *times); extern long vfs_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT extern long compat_ptr_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); #else #define compat_ptr_ioctl NULL #endif /* * VFS file helper functions. */ extern void inode_init_owner(struct inode *inode, const struct inode *dir, umode_t mode); extern bool may_open_dev(const struct path *path); /* * This is the "filldir" function type, used by readdir() to let * the kernel specify what kind of dirent layout it wants to have. * This allows the kernel to read directories into kernel space or * to have different dirent layouts depending on the binary type. */ struct dir_context; typedef int (*filldir_t)(struct dir_context *, const char *, int, loff_t, u64, unsigned); struct dir_context { filldir_t actor; loff_t pos; }; /* * These flags let !MMU mmap() govern direct device mapping vs immediate * copying more easily for MAP_PRIVATE, especially for ROM filesystems. * * NOMMU_MAP_COPY: Copy can be mapped (MAP_PRIVATE) * NOMMU_MAP_DIRECT: Can be mapped directly (MAP_SHARED) * NOMMU_MAP_READ: Can be mapped for reading * NOMMU_MAP_WRITE: Can be mapped for writing * NOMMU_MAP_EXEC: Can be mapped for execution */ #define NOMMU_MAP_COPY 0x00000001 #define NOMMU_MAP_DIRECT 0x00000008 #define NOMMU_MAP_READ VM_MAYREAD #define NOMMU_MAP_WRITE VM_MAYWRITE #define NOMMU_MAP_EXEC VM_MAYEXEC #define NOMMU_VMFLAGS \ (NOMMU_MAP_READ | NOMMU_MAP_WRITE | NOMMU_MAP_EXEC) /* * These flags control the behavior of the remap_file_range function pointer. * If it is called with len == 0 that means "remap to end of source file". * See Documentation/filesystems/vfs.rst for more details about this call. * * REMAP_FILE_DEDUP: only remap if contents identical (i.e. deduplicate) * REMAP_FILE_CAN_SHORTEN: caller can handle a shortened request */ #define REMAP_FILE_DEDUP (1 << 0) #define REMAP_FILE_CAN_SHORTEN (1 << 1) /* * These flags signal that the caller is ok with altering various aspects of * the behavior of the remap operation. The changes must be made by the * implementation; the vfs remap helper functions can take advantage of them. * Flags in this category exist to preserve the quirky behavior of the hoisted * btrfs clone/dedupe ioctls. */ #define REMAP_FILE_ADVISORY (REMAP_FILE_CAN_SHORTEN) struct iov_iter; struct file_operations { struct module *owner; loff_t (*llseek) (struct file *, loff_t, int); ssize_t (*read) (struct file *, char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); ssize_t (*write) (struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); ssize_t (*read_iter) (struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); ssize_t (*write_iter) (struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); int (*iopoll)(struct kiocb *kiocb, bool spin); int (*iterate) (struct file *, struct dir_context *); int (*iterate_shared) (struct file *, struct dir_context *); __poll_t (*poll) (struct file *, struct poll_table_struct *); long (*unlocked_ioctl) (struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long); long (*compat_ioctl) (struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long); int (*mmap) (struct file *, struct vm_area_struct *); unsigned long mmap_supported_flags; int (*open) (struct inode *, struct file *); int (*flush) (struct file *, fl_owner_t id); int (*release) (struct inode *, struct file *); int (*fsync) (struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int datasync); int (*fasync) (int, struct file *, int); int (*lock) (struct file *, int, struct file_lock *); ssize_t (*sendpage) (struct file *, struct page *, int, size_t, loff_t *, int); unsigned long (*get_unmapped_area)(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); int (*check_flags)(int); int (*flock) (struct file *, int, struct file_lock *); ssize_t (*splice_write)(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct file *, loff_t *, size_t, unsigned int); ssize_t (*splice_read)(struct file *, loff_t *, struct pipe_inode_info *, size_t, unsigned int); int (*setlease)(struct file *, long, struct file_lock **, void **); long (*fallocate)(struct file *file, int mode, loff_t offset, loff_t len); void (*show_fdinfo)(struct seq_file *m, struct file *f); #ifndef CONFIG_MMU unsigned (*mmap_capabilities)(struct file *); #endif ssize_t (*copy_file_range)(struct file *, loff_t, struct file *, loff_t, size_t, unsigned int); loff_t (*remap_file_range)(struct file *file_in, loff_t pos_in, struct file *file_out, loff_t pos_out, loff_t len, unsigned int remap_flags); int (*fadvise)(struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int); } __randomize_layout; struct inode_operations { struct dentry * (*lookup) (struct inode *,struct dentry *, unsigned int); const char * (*get_link) (struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct delayed_call *); int (*permission) (struct inode *, int); struct posix_acl * (*get_acl)(struct inode *, int); int (*readlink) (struct dentry *, char __user *,int); int (*create) (struct inode *,struct dentry *, umode_t, bool); int (*link) (struct dentry *,struct inode *,struct dentry *); int (*unlink) (struct inode *,struct dentry *); int (*symlink) (struct inode *,struct dentry *,const char *); int (*mkdir) (struct inode *,struct dentry *,umode_t); int (*rmdir) (struct inode *,struct dentry *); int (*mknod) (struct inode *,struct dentry *,umode_t,dev_t); int (*rename) (struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct dentry *, unsigned int); int (*setattr) (struct dentry *, struct iattr *); int (*getattr) (const struct path *, struct kstat *, u32, unsigned int); ssize_t (*listxattr) (struct dentry *, char *, size_t); int (*fiemap)(struct inode *, struct fiemap_extent_info *, u64 start, u64 len); int (*update_time)(struct inode *, struct timespec64 *, int); int (*atomic_open)(struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct file *, unsigned open_flag, umode_t create_mode); int (*tmpfile) (struct inode *, struct dentry *, umode_t); int (*set_acl)(struct inode *, struct posix_acl *, int); } ____cacheline_aligned; static inline ssize_t call_read_iter(struct file *file, struct kiocb *kio, struct iov_iter *iter) { return file->f_op->read_iter(kio, iter); } static inline ssize_t call_write_iter(struct file *file, struct kiocb *kio, struct iov_iter *iter) { return file->f_op->write_iter(kio, iter); } static inline int call_mmap(struct file *file, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return file->f_op->mmap(file, vma); } extern ssize_t vfs_read(struct file *, char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern ssize_t vfs_write(struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern ssize_t vfs_copy_file_range(struct file *, loff_t , struct file *, loff_t, size_t, unsigned int); extern ssize_t generic_copy_file_range(struct file *file_in, loff_t pos_in, struct file *file_out, loff_t pos_out, size_t len, unsigned int flags); extern int generic_remap_file_range_prep(struct file *file_in, loff_t pos_in, struct file *file_out, loff_t pos_out, loff_t *count, unsigned int remap_flags); extern loff_t do_clone_file_range(struct file *file_in, loff_t pos_in, struct file *file_out, loff_t pos_out, loff_t len, unsigned int remap_flags); extern loff_t vfs_clone_file_range(struct file *file_in, loff_t pos_in, struct file *file_out, loff_t pos_out, loff_t len, unsigned int remap_flags); extern int vfs_dedupe_file_range(struct file *file, struct file_dedupe_range *same); extern loff_t vfs_dedupe_file_range_one(struct file *src_file, loff_t src_pos, struct file *dst_file, loff_t dst_pos, loff_t len, unsigned int remap_flags); struct super_operations { struct inode *(*alloc_inode)(struct super_block *sb); void (*destroy_inode)(struct inode *); void (*free_inode)(struct inode *); void (*dirty_inode) (struct inode *, int flags); int (*write_inode) (struct inode *, struct writeback_control *wbc); int (*drop_inode) (struct inode *); void (*evict_inode) (struct inode *); void (*put_super) (struct super_block *); int (*sync_fs)(struct super_block *sb, int wait); int (*freeze_super) (struct super_block *); int (*freeze_fs) (struct super_block *); int (*thaw_super) (struct super_block *); int (*unfreeze_fs) (struct super_block *); int (*statfs) (struct dentry *, struct kstatfs *); int (*remount_fs) (struct super_block *, int *, char *); void (*umount_begin) (struct super_block *); int (*show_options)(struct seq_file *, struct dentry *); int (*show_devname)(struct seq_file *, struct dentry *); int (*show_path)(struct seq_file *, struct dentry *); int (*show_stats)(struct seq_file *, struct dentry *); #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA ssize_t (*quota_read)(struct super_block *, int, char *, size_t, loff_t); ssize_t (*quota_write)(struct super_block *, int, const char *, size_t, loff_t); struct dquot **(*get_dquots)(struct inode *); #endif int (*bdev_try_to_free_page)(struct super_block*, struct page*, gfp_t); long (*nr_cached_objects)(struct super_block *, struct shrink_control *); long (*free_cached_objects)(struct super_block *, struct shrink_control *); }; /* * Inode flags - they have no relation to superblock flags now */ #define S_SYNC (1 << 0) /* Writes are synced at once */ #define S_NOATIME (1 << 1) /* Do not update access times */ #define S_APPEND (1 << 2) /* Append-only file */ #define S_IMMUTABLE (1 << 3) /* Immutable file */ #define S_DEAD (1 << 4) /* removed, but still open directory */ #define S_NOQUOTA (1 << 5) /* Inode is not counted to quota */ #define S_DIRSYNC (1 << 6) /* Directory modifications are synchronous */ #define S_NOCMTIME (1 << 7) /* Do not update file c/mtime */ #define S_SWAPFILE (1 << 8) /* Do not truncate: swapon got its bmaps */ #define S_PRIVATE (1 << 9) /* Inode is fs-internal */ #define S_IMA (1 << 10) /* Inode has an associated IMA struct */ #define S_AUTOMOUNT (1 << 11) /* Automount/referral quasi-directory */ #define S_NOSEC (1 << 12) /* no suid or xattr security attributes */ #ifdef CONFIG_FS_DAX #define S_DAX (1 << 13) /* Direct Access, avoiding the page cache */ #else #define S_DAX 0 /* Make all the DAX code disappear */ #endif #define S_ENCRYPTED (1 << 14) /* Encrypted file (using fs/crypto/) */ #define S_CASEFOLD (1 << 15) /* Casefolded file */ #define S_VERITY (1 << 16) /* Verity file (using fs/verity/) */ /* * Note that nosuid etc flags are inode-specific: setting some file-system * flags just means all the inodes inherit those flags by default. It might be * possible to override it selectively if you really wanted to with some * ioctl() that is not currently implemented. * * Exception: SB_RDONLY is always applied to the entire file system. * * Unfortunately, it is possible to change a filesystems flags with it mounted * with files in use. This means that all of the inodes will not have their * i_flags updated. Hence, i_flags no longer inherit the superblock mount * flags, so these have to be checked separately. -- rmk@arm.uk.linux.org */ #define __IS_FLG(inode, flg) ((inode)->i_sb->s_flags & (flg)) static inline bool sb_rdonly(const struct super_block *sb) { return sb->s_flags & SB_RDONLY; } #define IS_RDONLY(inode) sb_rdonly((inode)->i_sb) #define IS_SYNC(inode) (__IS_FLG(inode, SB_SYNCHRONOUS) || \ ((inode)->i_flags & S_SYNC)) #define IS_DIRSYNC(inode) (__IS_FLG(inode, SB_SYNCHRONOUS|SB_DIRSYNC) || \ ((inode)->i_flags & (S_SYNC|S_DIRSYNC))) #define IS_MANDLOCK(inode) __IS_FLG(inode, SB_MANDLOCK) #define IS_NOATIME(inode) __IS_FLG(inode, SB_RDONLY|SB_NOATIME) #define IS_I_VERSION(inode) __IS_FLG(inode, SB_I_VERSION) #define IS_NOQUOTA(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_NOQUOTA) #define IS_APPEND(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_APPEND) #define IS_IMMUTABLE(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_IMMUTABLE) #define IS_POSIXACL(inode) __IS_FLG(inode, SB_POSIXACL) #define IS_DEADDIR(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_DEAD) #define IS_NOCMTIME(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_NOCMTIME) #define IS_SWAPFILE(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_SWAPFILE) #define IS_PRIVATE(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_PRIVATE) #define IS_IMA(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_IMA) #define IS_AUTOMOUNT(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_AUTOMOUNT) #define IS_NOSEC(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_NOSEC) #define IS_DAX(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_DAX) #define IS_ENCRYPTED(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_ENCRYPTED) #define IS_CASEFOLDED(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_CASEFOLD) #define IS_VERITY(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_VERITY) #define IS_WHITEOUT(inode) (S_ISCHR(inode->i_mode) && \ (inode)->i_rdev == WHITEOUT_DEV) static inline bool HAS_UNMAPPED_ID(struct inode *inode) { return !uid_valid(inode->i_uid) || !gid_valid(inode->i_gid); } static inline enum rw_hint file_write_hint(struct file *file) { if (file->f_write_hint != WRITE_LIFE_NOT_SET) return file->f_write_hint; return file_inode(file)->i_write_hint; } static inline int iocb_flags(struct file *file); static inline u16 ki_hint_validate(enum rw_hint hint) { typeof(((struct kiocb *)0)->ki_hint) max_hint = -1; if (hint <= max_hint) return hint; return 0; } static inline void init_sync_kiocb(struct kiocb *kiocb, struct file *filp) { *kiocb = (struct kiocb) { .ki_filp = filp, .ki_flags = iocb_flags(filp), .ki_hint = ki_hint_validate(file_write_hint(filp)), .ki_ioprio = get_current_ioprio(), }; } static inline void kiocb_clone(struct kiocb *kiocb, struct kiocb *kiocb_src, struct file *filp) { *kiocb = (struct kiocb) { .ki_filp = filp, .ki_flags = kiocb_src->ki_flags, .ki_hint = kiocb_src->ki_hint, .ki_ioprio = kiocb_src->ki_ioprio, .ki_pos = kiocb_src->ki_pos, }; } /* * Inode state bits. Protected by inode->i_lock * * Three bits determine the dirty state of the inode, I_DIRTY_SYNC, * I_DIRTY_DATASYNC and I_DIRTY_PAGES. * * Four bits define the lifetime of an inode. Initially, inodes are I_NEW, * until that flag is cleared. I_WILL_FREE, I_FREEING and I_CLEAR are set at * various stages of removing an inode. * * Two bits are used for locking and completion notification, I_NEW and I_SYNC. * * I_DIRTY_SYNC Inode is dirty, but doesn't have to be written on * fdatasync(). i_atime is the usual cause. * I_DIRTY_DATASYNC Data-related inode changes pending. We keep track of * these changes separately from I_DIRTY_SYNC so that we * don't have to write inode on fdatasync() when only * mtime has changed in it. * I_DIRTY_PAGES Inode has dirty pages. Inode itself may be clean. * I_NEW Serves as both a mutex and completion notification. * New inodes set I_NEW. If two processes both create * the same inode, one of them will release its inode and * wait for I_NEW to be released before returning. * Inodes in I_WILL_FREE, I_FREEING or I_CLEAR state can * also cause waiting on I_NEW, without I_NEW actually * being set. find_inode() uses this to prevent returning * nearly-dead inodes. * I_WILL_FREE Must be set when calling write_inode_now() if i_count * is zero. I_FREEING must be set when I_WILL_FREE is * cleared. * I_FREEING Set when inode is about to be freed but still has dirty * pages or buffers attached or the inode itself is still * dirty. * I_CLEAR Added by clear_inode(). In this state the inode is * clean and can be destroyed. Inode keeps I_FREEING. * * Inodes that are I_WILL_FREE, I_FREEING or I_CLEAR are * prohibited for many purposes. iget() must wait for * the inode to be completely released, then create it * anew. Other functions will just ignore such inodes, * if appropriate. I_NEW is used for waiting. * * I_SYNC Writeback of inode is running. The bit is set during * data writeback, and cleared with a wakeup on the bit * address once it is done. The bit is also used to pin * the inode in memory for flusher thread. * * I_REFERENCED Marks the inode as recently references on the LRU list. * * I_DIO_WAKEUP Never set. Only used as a key for wait_on_bit(). * * I_WB_SWITCH Cgroup bdi_writeback switching in progress. Used to * synchronize competing switching instances and to tell * wb stat updates to grab the i_pages lock. See * inode_switch_wbs_work_fn() for details. * * I_OVL_INUSE Used by overlayfs to get exclusive ownership on upper * and work dirs among overlayfs mounts. * * I_CREATING New object's inode in the middle of setting up. * * I_DONTCACHE Evict inode as soon as it is not used anymore. * * I_SYNC_QUEUED Inode is queued in b_io or b_more_io writeback lists. * Used to detect that mark_inode_dirty() should not move * inode between dirty lists. * * Q: What is the difference between I_WILL_FREE and I_FREEING? */ #define I_DIRTY_SYNC (1 << 0) #define I_DIRTY_DATASYNC (1 << 1) #define I_DIRTY_PAGES (1 << 2) #define __I_NEW 3 #define I_NEW (1 << __I_NEW) #define I_WILL_FREE (1 << 4) #define I_FREEING (1 << 5) #define I_CLEAR (1 << 6) #define __I_SYNC 7 #define I_SYNC (1 << __I_SYNC) #define I_REFERENCED (1 << 8) #define __I_DIO_WAKEUP 9 #define I_DIO_WAKEUP (1 << __I_DIO_WAKEUP) #define I_LINKABLE (1 << 10) #define I_DIRTY_TIME (1 << 11) #define I_WB_SWITCH (1 << 13) #define I_OVL_INUSE (1 << 14) #define I_CREATING (1 << 15) #define I_DONTCACHE (1 << 16) #define I_SYNC_QUEUED (1 << 17) #define I_DIRTY_INODE (I_DIRTY_SYNC | I_DIRTY_DATASYNC) #define I_DIRTY (I_DIRTY_INODE | I_DIRTY_PAGES) #define I_DIRTY_ALL (I_DIRTY | I_DIRTY_TIME) extern void __mark_inode_dirty(struct inode *, int); static inline void mark_inode_dirty(struct inode *inode) { __mark_inode_dirty(inode, I_DIRTY); } static inline void mark_inode_dirty_sync(struct inode *inode) { __mark_inode_dirty(inode, I_DIRTY_SYNC); } extern void inc_nlink(struct inode *inode); extern void drop_nlink(struct inode *inode); extern void clear_nlink(struct inode *inode); extern void set_nlink(struct inode *inode, unsigned int nlink); static inline void inode_inc_link_count(struct inode *inode) { inc_nlink(inode); mark_inode_dirty(inode); } static inline void inode_dec_link_count(struct inode *inode) { drop_nlink(inode); mark_inode_dirty(inode); } enum file_time_flags { S_ATIME = 1, S_MTIME = 2, S_CTIME = 4, S_VERSION = 8, }; extern bool atime_needs_update(const struct path *, struct inode *); extern void touch_atime(const struct path *); int inode_update_time(struct inode *inode, struct timespec64 *time, int flags); static inline void file_accessed(struct file *file) { if (!(file->f_flags & O_NOATIME)) touch_atime(&file->f_path); } extern int file_modified(struct file *file); int sync_inode(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc); int sync_inode_metadata(struct inode *inode, int wait); struct file_system_type { const char *name; int fs_flags; #define FS_REQUIRES_DEV 1 #define FS_BINARY_MOUNTDATA 2 #define FS_HAS_SUBTYPE 4 #define FS_USERNS_MOUNT 8 /* Can be mounted by userns root */ #define FS_DISALLOW_NOTIFY_PERM 16 /* Disable fanotify permission events */ #define FS_THP_SUPPORT 8192 /* Remove once all fs converted */ #define FS_RENAME_DOES_D_MOVE 32768 /* FS will handle d_move() during rename() internally. */ int (*init_fs_context)(struct fs_context *); const struct fs_parameter_spec *parameters; struct dentry *(*mount) (struct file_system_type *, int, const char *, void *); void (*kill_sb) (struct super_block *); struct module *owner; struct file_system_type * next; struct hlist_head fs_supers; struct lock_class_key s_lock_key; struct lock_class_key s_umount_key; struct lock_class_key s_vfs_rename_key; struct lock_class_key s_writers_key[SB_FREEZE_LEVELS]; struct lock_class_key i_lock_key; struct lock_class_key i_mutex_key; struct lock_class_key i_mutex_dir_key; }; #define MODULE_ALIAS_FS(NAME) MODULE_ALIAS("fs-" NAME) extern struct dentry *mount_bdev(struct file_system_type *fs_type, int flags, const char *dev_name, void *data, int (*fill_super)(struct super_block *, void *, int)); extern struct dentry *mount_single(struct file_system_type *fs_type, int flags, void *data, int (*fill_super)(struct super_block *, void *, int)); extern struct dentry *mount_nodev(struct file_system_type *fs_type, int flags, void *data, int (*fill_super)(struct super_block *, void *, int)); extern struct dentry *mount_subtree(struct vfsmount *mnt, const char *path); void generic_shutdown_super(struct super_block *sb); void kill_block_super(struct super_block *sb); void kill_anon_super(struct super_block *sb); void kill_litter_super(struct super_block *sb); void deactivate_super(struct super_block *sb); void deactivate_locked_super(struct super_block *sb); int set_anon_super(struct super_block *s, void *data); int set_anon_super_fc(struct super_block *s, struct fs_context *fc); int get_anon_bdev(dev_t *); void free_anon_bdev(dev_t); struct super_block *sget_fc(struct fs_context *fc, int (*test)(struct super_block *, struct fs_context *), int (*set)(struct super_block *, struct fs_context *)); struct super_block *sget(struct file_system_type *type, int (*test)(struct super_block *,void *), int (*set)(struct super_block *,void *), int flags, void *data); /* Alas, no aliases. Too much hassle with bringing module.h everywhere */ #define fops_get(fops) \ (((fops) && try_module_get((fops)->owner) ? (fops) : NULL)) #define fops_put(fops) \ do { if (fops) module_put((fops)->owner); } while(0) /* * This one is to be used *ONLY* from ->open() instances. * fops must be non-NULL, pinned down *and* module dependencies * should be sufficient to pin the caller down as well. */ #define replace_fops(f, fops) \ do { \ struct file *__file = (f); \ fops_put(__file->f_op); \ BUG_ON(!(__file->f_op = (fops))); \ } while(0) extern int register_filesystem(struct file_system_type *); extern int unregister_filesystem(struct file_system_type *); extern struct vfsmount *kern_mount(struct file_system_type *); extern void kern_unmount(struct vfsmount *mnt); extern int may_umount_tree(struct vfsmount *); extern int may_umount(struct vfsmount *); extern long do_mount(const char *, const char __user *, const char *, unsigned long, void *); extern struct vfsmount *collect_mounts(const struct path *); extern void drop_collected_mounts(struct vfsmount *); extern int iterate_mounts(int (*)(struct vfsmount *, void *), void *, struct vfsmount *); extern int vfs_statfs(const struct path *, struct kstatfs *); extern int user_statfs(const char __user *, struct kstatfs *); extern int fd_statfs(int, struct kstatfs *); extern int freeze_super(struct super_block *super); extern int thaw_super(struct super_block *super); extern bool our_mnt(struct vfsmount *mnt); extern __printf(2, 3) int super_setup_bdi_name(struct super_block *sb, char *fmt, ...); extern int super_setup_bdi(struct super_block *sb); extern int current_umask(void); extern void ihold(struct inode * inode); extern void iput(struct inode *); extern int generic_update_time(struct inode *, struct timespec64 *, int); /* /sys/fs */ extern struct kobject *fs_kobj; #define MAX_RW_COUNT (INT_MAX & PAGE_MASK) #ifdef CONFIG_MANDATORY_FILE_LOCKING extern int locks_mandatory_locked(struct file *); extern int locks_mandatory_area(struct inode *, struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, unsigned char); /* * Candidates for mandatory locking have the setgid bit set * but no group execute bit - an otherwise meaningless combination. */ static inline int __mandatory_lock(struct inode *ino) { return (ino->i_mode & (S_ISGID | S_IXGRP)) == S_ISGID; } /* * ... and these candidates should be on SB_MANDLOCK mounted fs, * otherwise these will be advisory locks */ static inline int mandatory_lock(struct inode *ino) { return IS_MANDLOCK(ino) && __mandatory_lock(ino); } static inline int locks_verify_locked(struct file *file) { if (mandatory_lock(locks_inode(file))) return locks_mandatory_locked(file); return 0; } static inline int locks_verify_truncate(struct inode *inode, struct file *f, loff_t size) { if (!inode->i_flctx || !mandatory_lock(inode)) return 0; if (size < inode->i_size) { return locks_mandatory_area(inode, f, size, inode->i_size - 1, F_WRLCK); } else { return locks_mandatory_area(inode, f, inode->i_size, size - 1, F_WRLCK); } } #else /* !CONFIG_MANDATORY_FILE_LOCKING */ static inline int locks_mandatory_locked(struct file *file) { return 0; } static inline int locks_mandatory_area(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp, loff_t start, loff_t end, unsigned char type) { return 0; } static inline int __mandatory_lock(struct inode *inode) { return 0; } static inline int mandatory_lock(struct inode *inode) { return 0; } static inline int locks_verify_locked(struct file *file) { return 0; } static inline int locks_verify_truncate(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp, size_t size) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_MANDATORY_FILE_LOCKING */ #ifdef CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING static inline int break_lease(struct inode *inode, unsigned int mode) { /* * Since this check is lockless, we must ensure that any refcounts * taken are done before checking i_flctx->flc_lease. Otherwise, we * could end up racing with tasks trying to set a new lease on this * file. */ smp_mb(); if (inode->i_flctx && !list_empty_careful(&inode->i_flctx->flc_lease)) return __break_lease(inode, mode, FL_LEASE); return 0; } static inline int break_deleg(struct inode *inode, unsigned int mode) { /* * Since this check is lockless, we must ensure that any refcounts * taken are done before checking i_flctx->flc_lease. Otherwise, we * could end up racing with tasks trying to set a new lease on this * file. */ smp_mb(); if (inode->i_flctx && !list_empty_careful(&inode->i_flctx->flc_lease)) return __break_lease(inode, mode, FL_DELEG); return 0; } static inline int try_break_deleg(struct inode *inode, struct inode **delegated_inode) { int ret; ret = break_deleg(inode, O_WRONLY|O_NONBLOCK); if (ret == -EWOULDBLOCK && delegated_inode) { *delegated_inode = inode; ihold(inode); } return ret; } static inline int break_deleg_wait(struct inode **delegated_inode) { int ret; ret = break_deleg(*delegated_inode, O_WRONLY); iput(*delegated_inode); *delegated_inode = NULL; return ret; } static inline int break_layout(struct inode *inode, bool wait) { smp_mb(); if (inode->i_flctx && !list_empty_careful(&inode->i_flctx->flc_lease)) return __break_lease(inode, wait ? O_WRONLY : O_WRONLY | O_NONBLOCK, FL_LAYOUT); return 0; } #else /* !CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING */ static inline int break_lease(struct inode *inode, unsigned int mode) { return 0; } static inline int break_deleg(struct inode *inode, unsigned int mode) { return 0; } static inline int try_break_deleg(struct inode *inode, struct inode **delegated_inode) { return 0; } static inline int break_deleg_wait(struct inode **delegated_inode) { BUG(); return 0; } static inline int break_layout(struct inode *inode, bool wait) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING */ /* fs/open.c */ struct audit_names; struct filename { const char *name; /* pointer to actual string */ const __user char *uptr; /* original userland pointer */ int refcnt; struct audit_names *aname; const char iname[]; }; static_assert(offsetof(struct filename, iname) % sizeof(long) == 0); extern long vfs_truncate(const struct path *, loff_t); extern int do_truncate(struct dentry *, loff_t start, unsigned int time_attrs, struct file *filp); extern int vfs_fallocate(struct file *file, int mode, loff_t offset, loff_t len); extern long do_sys_open(int dfd, const char __user *filename, int flags, umode_t mode); extern struct file *file_open_name(struct filename *, int, umode_t); extern struct file *filp_open(const char *, int, umode_t); extern struct file *file_open_root(struct dentry *, struct vfsmount *, const char *, int, umode_t); extern struct file * dentry_open(const struct path *, int, const struct cred *); extern struct file * open_with_fake_path(const struct path *, int, struct inode*, const struct cred *); static inline struct file *file_clone_open(struct file *file) { return dentry_open(&file->f_path, file->f_flags, file->f_cred); } extern int filp_close(struct file *, fl_owner_t id); extern struct filename *getname_flags(const char __user *, int, int *); extern struct filename *getname(const char __user *); extern struct filename *getname_kernel(const char *); extern void putname(struct filename *name); extern int finish_open(struct file *file, struct dentry *dentry, int (*open)(struct inode *, struct file *)); extern int finish_no_open(struct file *file, struct dentry *dentry); /* fs/dcache.c */ extern void __init vfs_caches_init_early(void); extern void __init vfs_caches_init(void); extern struct kmem_cache *names_cachep; #define __getname() kmem_cache_alloc(names_cachep, GFP_KERNEL) #define __putname(name) kmem_cache_free(names_cachep, (void *)(name)) extern struct super_block *blockdev_superblock; static inline bool sb_is_blkdev_sb(struct super_block *sb) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BLOCK) && sb == blockdev_superblock; } void emergency_thaw_all(void); extern int sync_filesystem(struct super_block *); extern const struct file_operations def_blk_fops; extern const struct file_operations def_chr_fops; /* fs/char_dev.c */ #define CHRDEV_MAJOR_MAX 512 /* Marks the bottom of the first segment of free char majors */ #define CHRDEV_MAJOR_DYN_END 234 /* Marks the top and bottom of the second segment of free char majors */ #define CHRDEV_MAJOR_DYN_EXT_START 511 #define CHRDEV_MAJOR_DYN_EXT_END 384 extern int alloc_chrdev_region(dev_t *, unsigned, unsigned, const char *); extern int register_chrdev_region(dev_t, unsigned, const char *); extern int __register_chrdev(unsigned int major, unsigned int baseminor, unsigned int count, const char *name, const struct file_operations *fops); extern void __unregister_chrdev(unsigned int major, unsigned int baseminor, unsigned int count, const char *name); extern void unregister_chrdev_region(dev_t, unsigned); extern void chrdev_show(struct seq_file *,off_t); static inline int register_chrdev(unsigned int major, const char *name, const struct file_operations *fops) { return __register_chrdev(major, 0, 256, name, fops); } static inline void unregister_chrdev(unsigned int major, const char *name) { __unregister_chrdev(major, 0, 256, name); } extern void init_special_inode(struct inode *, umode_t, dev_t); /* Invalid inode operations -- fs/bad_inode.c */ extern void make_bad_inode(struct inode *); extern bool is_bad_inode(struct inode *); unsigned long invalidate_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t end); void invalidate_mapping_pagevec(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t end, unsigned long *nr_pagevec); static inline void invalidate_remote_inode(struct inode *inode) { if (S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) || S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode) || S_ISLNK(inode->i_mode)) invalidate_mapping_pages(inode->i_mapping, 0, -1); } extern int invalidate_inode_pages2(struct address_space *mapping); extern int invalidate_inode_pages2_range(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t end); extern int write_inode_now(struct inode *, int); extern int filemap_fdatawrite(struct address_space *); extern int filemap_flush(struct address_space *); extern int filemap_fdatawait_keep_errors(struct address_space *mapping); extern int filemap_fdatawait_range(struct address_space *, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); extern int filemap_fdatawait_range_keep_errors(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start_byte, loff_t end_byte); static inline int filemap_fdatawait(struct address_space *mapping) { return filemap_fdatawait_range(mapping, 0, LLONG_MAX); } extern bool filemap_range_has_page(struct address_space *, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); extern int filemap_write_and_wait_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); extern int __filemap_fdatawrite_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start, loff_t end, int sync_mode); extern int filemap_fdatawrite_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start, loff_t end); extern int filemap_check_errors(struct address_space *mapping); extern void __filemap_set_wb_err(struct address_space *mapping, int err); static inline int filemap_write_and_wait(struct address_space *mapping) { return filemap_write_and_wait_range(mapping, 0, LLONG_MAX); } extern int __must_check file_fdatawait_range(struct file *file, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); extern int __must_check file_check_and_advance_wb_err(struct file *file); extern int __must_check file_write_and_wait_range(struct file *file, loff_t start, loff_t end); static inline int file_write_and_wait(struct file *file) { return file_write_and_wait_range(file, 0, LLONG_MAX); } /** * filemap_set_wb_err - set a writeback error on an address_space * @mapping: mapping in which to set writeback error * @err: error to be set in mapping * * When writeback fails in some way, we must record that error so that * userspace can be informed when fsync and the like are called. We endeavor * to report errors on any file that was open at the time of the error. Some * internal callers also need to know when writeback errors have occurred. * * When a writeback error occurs, most filesystems will want to call * filemap_set_wb_err to record the error in the mapping so that it will be * automatically reported whenever fsync is called on the file. */ static inline void filemap_set_wb_err(struct address_space *mapping, int err) { /* Fastpath for common case of no error */ if (unlikely(err)) __filemap_set_wb_err(mapping, err); } /** * filemap_check_wb_err - has an error occurred since the mark was sampled? * @mapping: mapping to check for writeback errors * @since: previously-sampled errseq_t * * Grab the errseq_t value from the mapping, and see if it has changed "since" * the given value was sampled. * * If it has then report the latest error set, otherwise return 0. */ static inline int filemap_check_wb_err(struct address_space *mapping, errseq_t since) { return errseq_check(&mapping->wb_err, since); } /** * filemap_sample_wb_err - sample the current errseq_t to test for later errors * @mapping: mapping to be sampled * * Writeback errors are always reported relative to a particular sample point * in the past. This function provides those sample points. */ static inline errseq_t filemap_sample_wb_err(struct address_space *mapping) { return errseq_sample(&mapping->wb_err); } /** * file_sample_sb_err - sample the current errseq_t to test for later errors * @file: file pointer to be sampled * * Grab the most current superblock-level errseq_t value for the given * struct file. */ static inline errseq_t file_sample_sb_err(struct file *file) { return errseq_sample(&file->f_path.dentry->d_sb->s_wb_err); } extern int vfs_fsync_range(struct file *file, loff_t start, loff_t end, int datasync); extern int vfs_fsync(struct file *file, int datasync); extern int sync_file_range(struct file *file, loff_t offset, loff_t nbytes, unsigned int flags); /* * Sync the bytes written if this was a synchronous write. Expect ki_pos * to already be updated for the write, and will return either the amount * of bytes passed in, or an error if syncing the file failed. */ static inline ssize_t generic_write_sync(struct kiocb *iocb, ssize_t count) { if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_DSYNC) { int ret = vfs_fsync_range(iocb->ki_filp, iocb->ki_pos - count, iocb->ki_pos - 1, (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_SYNC) ? 0 : 1); if (ret) return ret; } return count; } extern void emergency_sync(void); extern void emergency_remount(void); #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK extern int bmap(struct inode *inode, sector_t *block); #else static inline int bmap(struct inode *inode, sector_t *block) { return -EINVAL; } #endif extern int notify_change(struct dentry *, struct iattr *, struct inode **); extern int inode_permission(struct inode *, int); extern int generic_permission(struct inode *, int); extern int __check_sticky(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode); static inline bool execute_ok(struct inode *inode) { return (inode->i_mode & S_IXUGO) || S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode); } static inline bool inode_wrong_type(const struct inode *inode, umode_t mode) { return (inode->i_mode ^ mode) & S_IFMT; } static inline void file_start_write(struct file *file) { if (!S_ISREG(file_inode(file)->i_mode)) return; sb_start_write(file_inode(file)->i_sb); } static inline bool file_start_write_trylock(struct file *file) { if (!S_ISREG(file_inode(file)->i_mode)) return true; return sb_start_write_trylock(file_inode(file)->i_sb); } static inline void file_end_write(struct file *file) { if (!S_ISREG(file_inode(file)->i_mode)) return; __sb_end_write(file_inode(file)->i_sb, SB_FREEZE_WRITE); } /* * get_write_access() gets write permission for a file. * put_write_access() releases this write permission. * This is used for regular files. * We cannot support write (and maybe mmap read-write shared) accesses and * MAP_DENYWRITE mmappings simultaneously. The i_writecount field of an inode * can have the following values: * 0: no writers, no VM_DENYWRITE mappings * < 0: (-i_writecount) vm_area_structs with VM_DENYWRITE set exist * > 0: (i_writecount) users are writing to the file. * * Normally we operate on that counter with atomic_{inc,dec} and it's safe * except for the cases where we don't hold i_writecount yet. Then we need to * use {get,deny}_write_access() - these functions check the sign and refuse * to do the change if sign is wrong. */ static inline int get_write_access(struct inode *inode) { return atomic_inc_unless_negative(&inode->i_writecount) ? 0 : -ETXTBSY; } static inline int deny_write_access(struct file *file) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(file); return atomic_dec_unless_positive(&inode->i_writecount) ? 0 : -ETXTBSY; } static inline void put_write_access(struct inode * inode) { atomic_dec(&inode->i_writecount); } static inline void allow_write_access(struct file *file) { if (file) atomic_inc(&file_inode(file)->i_writecount); } static inline bool inode_is_open_for_write(const struct inode *inode) { return atomic_read(&inode->i_writecount) > 0; } #if defined(CONFIG_IMA) || defined(CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING) static inline void i_readcount_dec(struct inode *inode) { BUG_ON(!atomic_read(&inode->i_readcount)); atomic_dec(&inode->i_readcount); } static inline void i_readcount_inc(struct inode *inode) { atomic_inc(&inode->i_readcount); } #else static inline void i_readcount_dec(struct inode *inode) { return; } static inline void i_readcount_inc(struct inode *inode) { return; } #endif extern int do_pipe_flags(int *, int); extern ssize_t kernel_read(struct file *, void *, size_t, loff_t *); ssize_t __kernel_read(struct file *file, void *buf, size_t count, loff_t *pos); extern ssize_t kernel_write(struct file *, const void *, size_t, loff_t *); extern ssize_t __kernel_write(struct file *, const void *, size_t, loff_t *); extern struct file * open_exec(const char *); /* fs/dcache.c -- generic fs support functions */ extern bool is_subdir(struct dentry *, struct dentry *); extern bool path_is_under(const struct path *, const struct path *); extern char *file_path(struct file *, char *, int); #include <linux/err.h> /* needed for stackable file system support */ extern loff_t default_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence); extern loff_t vfs_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence); extern int inode_init_always(struct super_block *, struct inode *); extern void inode_init_once(struct inode *); extern void address_space_init_once(struct address_space *mapping); extern struct inode * igrab(struct inode *); extern ino_t iunique(struct super_block *, ino_t); extern int inode_needs_sync(struct inode *inode); extern int generic_delete_inode(struct inode *inode); static inline int generic_drop_inode(struct inode *inode) { return !inode->i_nlink || inode_unhashed(inode); } extern void d_mark_dontcache(struct inode *inode); extern struct inode *ilookup5_nowait(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long hashval, int (*test)(struct inode *, void *), void *data); extern struct inode *ilookup5(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long hashval, int (*test)(struct inode *, void *), void *data); extern struct inode *ilookup(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long ino); extern struct inode *inode_insert5(struct inode *inode, unsigned long hashval, int (*test)(struct inode *, void *), int (*set)(struct inode *, void *), void *data); extern struct inode * iget5_locked(struct super_block *, unsigned long, int (*test)(struct inode *, void *), int (*set)(struct inode *, void *), void *); extern struct inode * iget_locked(struct super_block *, unsigned long); extern struct inode *find_inode_nowait(struct super_block *, unsigned long, int (*match)(struct inode *, unsigned long, void *), void *data); extern struct inode *find_inode_rcu(struct super_block *, unsigned long, int (*)(struct inode *, void *), void *); extern struct inode *find_inode_by_ino_rcu(struct super_block *, unsigned long); extern int insert_inode_locked4(struct inode *, unsigned long, int (*test)(struct inode *, void *), void *); extern int insert_inode_locked(struct inode *); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC extern void lockdep_annotate_inode_mutex_key(struct inode *inode); #else static inline void lockdep_annotate_inode_mutex_key(struct inode *inode) { }; #endif extern void unlock_new_inode(struct inode *); extern void discard_new_inode(struct inode *); extern unsigned int get_next_ino(void); extern void evict_inodes(struct super_block *sb); /* * Userspace may rely on the the inode number being non-zero. For example, glibc * simply ignores files with zero i_ino in unlink() and other places. * * As an additional complication, if userspace was compiled with * _FILE_OFFSET_BITS=32 on a 64-bit kernel we'll only end up reading out the * lower 32 bits, so we need to check that those aren't zero explicitly. With * _FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64, this may cause some harmless false-negatives, but * better safe than sorry. */ static inline bool is_zero_ino(ino_t ino) { return (u32)ino == 0; } extern void __iget(struct inode * inode); extern void iget_failed(struct inode *); extern void clear_inode(struct inode *); extern void __destroy_inode(struct inode *); extern struct inode *new_inode_pseudo(struct super_block *sb); extern struct inode *new_inode(struct super_block *sb); extern void free_inode_nonrcu(struct inode *inode); extern int should_remove_suid(struct dentry *); extern int file_remove_privs(struct file *); extern void __insert_inode_hash(struct inode *, unsigned long hashval); static inline void insert_inode_hash(struct inode *inode) { __insert_inode_hash(inode, inode->i_ino); } extern void __remove_inode_hash(struct inode *); static inline void remove_inode_hash(struct inode *inode) { if (!inode_unhashed(inode) && !hlist_fake(&inode->i_hash)) __remove_inode_hash(inode); } extern void inode_sb_list_add(struct inode *inode); extern int sb_set_blocksize(struct super_block *, int); extern int sb_min_blocksize(struct super_block *, int); extern int generic_file_mmap(struct file *, struct vm_area_struct *); extern int generic_file_readonly_mmap(struct file *, struct vm_area_struct *); extern ssize_t generic_write_checks(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); extern int generic_write_check_limits(struct file *file, loff_t pos, loff_t *count); extern int generic_file_rw_checks(struct file *file_in, struct file *file_out); extern ssize_t generic_file_buffered_read(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *to, ssize_t already_read); extern ssize_t generic_file_read_iter(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); extern ssize_t __generic_file_write_iter(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); extern ssize_t generic_file_write_iter(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); extern ssize_t generic_file_direct_write(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); extern ssize_t generic_perform_write(struct file *, struct iov_iter *, loff_t); ssize_t vfs_iter_read(struct file *file, struct iov_iter *iter, loff_t *ppos, rwf_t flags); ssize_t vfs_iter_write(struct file *file, struct iov_iter *iter, loff_t *ppos, rwf_t flags); ssize_t vfs_iocb_iter_read(struct file *file, struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter); ssize_t vfs_iocb_iter_write(struct file *file, struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter); /* fs/block_dev.c */ extern ssize_t blkdev_read_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *to); extern ssize_t blkdev_write_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from); extern int blkdev_fsync(struct file *filp, loff_t start, loff_t end, int datasync); extern void block_sync_page(struct page *page); /* fs/splice.c */ extern ssize_t generic_file_splice_read(struct file *, loff_t *, struct pipe_inode_info *, size_t, unsigned int); extern ssize_t iter_file_splice_write(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct file *, loff_t *, size_t, unsigned int); extern ssize_t generic_splice_sendpage(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, struct file *out, loff_t *, size_t len, unsigned int flags); extern long do_splice_direct(struct file *in, loff_t *ppos, struct file *out, loff_t *opos, size_t len, unsigned int flags); extern void file_ra_state_init(struct file_ra_state *ra, struct address_space *mapping); extern loff_t noop_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence); extern loff_t no_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence); extern loff_t vfs_setpos(struct file *file, loff_t offset, loff_t maxsize); extern loff_t generic_file_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence); extern loff_t generic_file_llseek_size(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence, loff_t maxsize, loff_t eof); extern loff_t fixed_size_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence, loff_t size); extern loff_t no_seek_end_llseek_size(struct file *, loff_t, int, loff_t); extern loff_t no_seek_end_llseek(struct file *, loff_t, int); extern int generic_file_open(struct inode * inode, struct file * filp); extern int nonseekable_open(struct inode * inode, struct file * filp); extern int stream_open(struct inode * inode, struct file * filp); #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK typedef void (dio_submit_t)(struct bio *bio, struct inode *inode, loff_t file_offset); enum { /* need locking between buffered and direct access */ DIO_LOCKING = 0x01, /* filesystem does not support filling holes */ DIO_SKIP_HOLES = 0x02, }; ssize_t __blockdev_direct_IO(struct kiocb *iocb, struct inode *inode, struct block_device *bdev, struct iov_iter *iter, get_block_t get_block, dio_iodone_t end_io, dio_submit_t submit_io, int flags); static inline ssize_t blockdev_direct_IO(struct kiocb *iocb, struct inode *inode, struct iov_iter *iter, get_block_t get_block) { return __blockdev_direct_IO(iocb, inode, inode->i_sb->s_bdev, iter, get_block, NULL, NULL, DIO_LOCKING | DIO_SKIP_HOLES); } #endif void inode_dio_wait(struct inode *inode); /* * inode_dio_begin - signal start of a direct I/O requests * @inode: inode the direct I/O happens on * * This is called once we've finished processing a direct I/O request, * and is used to wake up callers waiting for direct I/O to be quiesced. */ static inline void inode_dio_begin(struct inode *inode) { atomic_inc(&inode->i_dio_count); } /* * inode_dio_end - signal finish of a direct I/O requests * @inode: inode the direct I/O happens on * * This is called once we've finished processing a direct I/O request, * and is used to wake up callers waiting for direct I/O to be quiesced. */ static inline void inode_dio_end(struct inode *inode) { if (atomic_dec_and_test(&inode->i_dio_count)) wake_up_bit(&inode->i_state, __I_DIO_WAKEUP); } /* * Warn about a page cache invalidation failure diring a direct I/O write. */ void dio_warn_stale_pagecache(struct file *filp); extern void inode_set_flags(struct inode *inode, unsigned int flags, unsigned int mask); extern const struct file_operations generic_ro_fops; #define special_file(m) (S_ISCHR(m)||S_ISBLK(m)||S_ISFIFO(m)||S_ISSOCK(m)) extern int readlink_copy(char __user *, int, const char *); extern int page_readlink(struct dentry *, char __user *, int); extern const char *page_get_link(struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct delayed_call *); extern void page_put_link(void *); extern int __page_symlink(struct inode *inode, const char *symname, int len, int nofs); extern int page_symlink(struct inode *inode, const char *symname, int len); extern const struct inode_operations page_symlink_inode_operations; extern void kfree_link(void *); extern void generic_fillattr(struct inode *, struct kstat *); extern int vfs_getattr_nosec(const struct path *, struct kstat *, u32, unsigned int); extern int vfs_getattr(const struct path *, struct kstat *, u32, unsigned int); void __inode_add_bytes(struct inode *inode, loff_t bytes); void inode_add_bytes(struct inode *inode, loff_t bytes); void __inode_sub_bytes(struct inode *inode, loff_t bytes); void inode_sub_bytes(struct inode *inode, loff_t bytes); static inline loff_t __inode_get_bytes(struct inode *inode) { return (((loff_t)inode->i_blocks) << 9) + inode->i_bytes; } loff_t inode_get_bytes(struct inode *inode); void inode_set_bytes(struct inode *inode, loff_t bytes); const char *simple_get_link(struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct delayed_call *); extern const struct inode_operations simple_symlink_inode_operations; extern int iterate_dir(struct file *, struct dir_context *); int vfs_fstatat(int dfd, const char __user *filename, struct kstat *stat, int flags); int vfs_fstat(int fd, struct kstat *stat); static inline int vfs_stat(const char __user *filename, struct kstat *stat) { return vfs_fstatat(AT_FDCWD, filename, stat, 0); } static inline int vfs_lstat(const char __user *name, struct kstat *stat) { return vfs_fstatat(AT_FDCWD, name, stat, AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW); } extern const char *vfs_get_link(struct dentry *, struct delayed_call *); extern int vfs_readlink(struct dentry *, char __user *, int); extern struct file_system_type *get_filesystem(struct file_system_type *fs); extern void put_filesystem(struct file_system_type *fs); extern struct file_system_type *get_fs_type(const char *name); extern struct super_block *get_super(struct block_device *); extern struct super_block *get_super_thawed(struct block_device *); extern struct super_block *get_super_exclusive_thawed(struct block_device *bdev); extern struct super_block *get_active_super(struct block_device *bdev); extern void drop_super(struct super_block *sb); extern void drop_super_exclusive(struct super_block *sb); extern void iterate_supers(void (*)(struct super_block *, void *), void *); extern void iterate_supers_type(struct file_system_type *, void (*)(struct super_block *, void *), void *); extern int dcache_dir_open(struct inode *, struct file *); extern int dcache_dir_close(struct inode *, struct file *); extern loff_t dcache_dir_lseek(struct file *, loff_t, int); extern int dcache_readdir(struct file *, struct dir_context *); extern int simple_setattr(struct dentry *, struct iattr *); extern int simple_getattr(const struct path *, struct kstat *, u32, unsigned int); extern int simple_statfs(struct dentry *, struct kstatfs *); extern int simple_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file); extern int simple_link(struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct dentry *); extern int simple_unlink(struct inode *, struct dentry *); extern int simple_rmdir(struct inode *, struct dentry *); extern int simple_rename(struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct dentry *, unsigned int); extern void simple_recursive_removal(struct dentry *, void (*callback)(struct dentry *)); extern int noop_fsync(struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int); extern int noop_set_page_dirty(struct page *page); extern void noop_invalidatepage(struct page *page, unsigned int offset, unsigned int length); extern ssize_t noop_direct_IO(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter); extern int simple_empty(struct dentry *); extern int simple_readpage(struct file *file, struct page *page); extern int simple_write_begin(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, void **fsdata); extern int simple_write_end(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page, void *fsdata); extern int always_delete_dentry(const struct dentry *); extern struct inode *alloc_anon_inode(struct super_block *); extern int simple_nosetlease(struct file *, long, struct file_lock **, void **); extern const struct dentry_operations simple_dentry_operations; extern struct dentry *simple_lookup(struct inode *, struct dentry *, unsigned int flags); extern ssize_t generic_read_dir(struct file *, char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern const struct file_operations simple_dir_operations; extern const struct inode_operations simple_dir_inode_operations; extern void make_empty_dir_inode(struct inode *inode); extern bool is_empty_dir_inode(struct inode *inode); struct tree_descr { const char *name; const struct file_operations *ops; int mode; }; struct dentry *d_alloc_name(struct dentry *, const char *); extern int simple_fill_super(struct super_block *, unsigned long, const struct tree_descr *); extern int simple_pin_fs(struct file_system_type *, struct vfsmount **mount, int *count); extern void simple_release_fs(struct vfsmount **mount, int *count); extern ssize_t simple_read_from_buffer(void __user *to, size_t count, loff_t *ppos, const void *from, size_t available); extern ssize_t simple_write_to_buffer(void *to, size_t available, loff_t *ppos, const void __user *from, size_t count); extern int __generic_file_fsync(struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int); extern int generic_file_fsync(struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int); extern int generic_check_addressable(unsigned, u64); #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE extern int generic_ci_d_hash(const struct dentry *dentry, struct qstr *str); extern int generic_ci_d_compare(const struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int len, const char *str, const struct qstr *name); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MIGRATION extern int buffer_migrate_page(struct address_space *, struct page *, struct page *, enum migrate_mode); extern int buffer_migrate_page_norefs(struct address_space *, struct page *, struct page *, enum migrate_mode); #else #define buffer_migrate_page NULL #define buffer_migrate_page_norefs NULL #endif extern int setattr_prepare(struct dentry *, struct iattr *); extern int inode_newsize_ok(const struct inode *, loff_t offset); extern void setattr_copy(struct inode *inode, const struct iattr *attr); extern int file_update_time(struct file *file); static inline bool vma_is_dax(const struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return vma->vm_file && IS_DAX(vma->vm_file->f_mapping->host); } static inline bool vma_is_fsdax(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct inode *inode; if (!vma->vm_file) return false; if (!vma_is_dax(vma)) return false; inode = file_inode(vma->vm_file); if (S_ISCHR(inode->i_mode)) return false; /* device-dax */ return true; } static inline int iocb_flags(struct file *file) { int res = 0; if (file->f_flags & O_APPEND) res |= IOCB_APPEND; if (file->f_flags & O_DIRECT) res |= IOCB_DIRECT; if ((file->f_flags & O_DSYNC) || IS_SYNC(file->f_mapping->host)) res |= IOCB_DSYNC; if (file->f_flags & __O_SYNC) res |= IOCB_SYNC; return res; } static inline int kiocb_set_rw_flags(struct kiocb *ki, rwf_t flags) { int kiocb_flags = 0; /* make sure there's no overlap between RWF and private IOCB flags */ BUILD_BUG_ON((__force int) RWF_SUPPORTED & IOCB_EVENTFD); if (!flags) return 0; if (unlikely(flags & ~RWF_SUPPORTED)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; if (flags & RWF_NOWAIT) { if (!(ki->ki_filp->f_mode & FMODE_NOWAIT)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; kiocb_flags |= IOCB_NOIO; } kiocb_flags |= (__force int) (flags & RWF_SUPPORTED); if (flags & RWF_SYNC) kiocb_flags |= IOCB_DSYNC; ki->ki_flags |= kiocb_flags; return 0; } static inline ino_t parent_ino(struct dentry *dentry) { ino_t res; /* * Don't strictly need d_lock here? If the parent ino could change * then surely we'd have a deeper race in the caller? */ spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); res = dentry->d_parent->d_inode->i_ino; spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return res; } /* Transaction based IO helpers */ /* * An argresp is stored in an allocated page and holds the * size of the argument or response, along with its content */ struct simple_transaction_argresp { ssize_t size; char data[]; }; #define SIMPLE_TRANSACTION_LIMIT (PAGE_SIZE - sizeof(struct simple_transaction_argresp)) char *simple_transaction_get(struct file *file, const char __user *buf, size_t size); ssize_t simple_transaction_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t size, loff_t *pos); int simple_transaction_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file); void simple_transaction_set(struct file *file, size_t n); /* * simple attribute files * * These attributes behave similar to those in sysfs: * * Writing to an attribute immediately sets a value, an open file can be * written to multiple times. * * Reading from an attribute creates a buffer from the value that might get * read with multiple read calls. When the attribute has been read * completely, no further read calls are possible until the file is opened * again. * * All attributes contain a text representation of a numeric value * that are accessed with the get() and set() functions. */ #define DEFINE_SIMPLE_ATTRIBUTE(__fops, __get, __set, __fmt) \ static int __fops ## _open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) \ { \ __simple_attr_check_format(__fmt, 0ull); \ return simple_attr_open(inode, file, __get, __set, __fmt); \ } \ static const struct file_operations __fops = { \ .owner = THIS_MODULE, \ .open = __fops ## _open, \ .release = simple_attr_release, \ .read = simple_attr_read, \ .write = simple_attr_write, \ .llseek = generic_file_llseek, \ } static inline __printf(1, 2) void __simple_attr_check_format(const char *fmt, ...) { /* don't do anything, just let the compiler check the arguments; */ } int simple_attr_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file, int (*get)(void *, u64 *), int (*set)(void *, u64), const char *fmt); int simple_attr_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file); ssize_t simple_attr_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t len, loff_t *ppos); ssize_t simple_attr_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf, size_t len, loff_t *ppos); struct ctl_table; int proc_nr_files(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos); int proc_nr_dentry(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos); int proc_nr_inodes(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos); int __init get_filesystem_list(char *buf); #define __FMODE_EXEC ((__force int) FMODE_EXEC) #define __FMODE_NONOTIFY ((__force int) FMODE_NONOTIFY) #define ACC_MODE(x) ("\004\002\006\006"[(x)&O_ACCMODE]) #define OPEN_FMODE(flag) ((__force fmode_t)(((flag + 1) & O_ACCMODE) | \ (flag & __FMODE_NONOTIFY))) static inline bool is_sxid(umode_t mode) { return (mode & S_ISUID) || ((mode & S_ISGID) && (mode & S_IXGRP)); } static inline int check_sticky(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode) { if (!(dir->i_mode & S_ISVTX)) return 0; return __check_sticky(dir, inode); } static inline void inode_has_no_xattr(struct inode *inode) { if (!is_sxid(inode->i_mode) && (inode->i_sb->s_flags & SB_NOSEC)) inode->i_flags |= S_NOSEC; } static inline bool is_root_inode(struct inode *inode) { return inode == inode->i_sb->s_root->d_inode; } static inline bool dir_emit(struct dir_context *ctx, const char *name, int namelen, u64 ino, unsigned type) { return ctx->actor(ctx, name, namelen, ctx->pos, ino, type) == 0; } static inline bool dir_emit_dot(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx) { return ctx->actor(ctx, ".", 1, ctx->pos, file->f_path.dentry->d_inode->i_ino, DT_DIR) == 0; } static inline bool dir_emit_dotdot(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx) { return ctx->actor(ctx, "..", 2, ctx->pos, parent_ino(file->f_path.dentry), DT_DIR) == 0; } static inline bool dir_emit_dots(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx) { if (ctx->pos == 0) { if (!dir_emit_dot(file, ctx)) return false; ctx->pos = 1; } if (ctx->pos == 1) { if (!dir_emit_dotdot(file, ctx)) return false; ctx->pos = 2; } return true; } static inline bool dir_relax(struct inode *inode) { inode_unlock(inode); inode_lock(inode); return !IS_DEADDIR(inode); } static inline bool dir_relax_shared(struct inode *inode) { inode_unlock_shared(inode); inode_lock_shared(inode); return !IS_DEADDIR(inode); } extern bool path_noexec(const struct path *path); extern void inode_nohighmem(struct inode *inode); /* mm/fadvise.c */ extern int vfs_fadvise(struct file *file, loff_t offset, loff_t len, int advice); extern int generic_fadvise(struct file *file, loff_t offset, loff_t len, int advice); int vfs_ioc_setflags_prepare(struct inode *inode, unsigned int oldflags, unsigned int flags); int vfs_ioc_fssetxattr_check(struct inode *inode, const struct fsxattr *old_fa, struct fsxattr *fa); static inline void simple_fill_fsxattr(struct fsxattr *fa, __u32 xflags) { memset(fa, 0, sizeof(*fa)); fa->fsx_xflags = xflags; } /* * Flush file data before changing attributes. Caller must hold any locks * required to prevent further writes to this file until we're done setting * flags. */ static inline int inode_drain_writes(struct inode *inode) { inode_dio_wait(inode); return filemap_write_and_wait(inode->i_mapping); } #endif /* _LINUX_FS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * An extensible bitmap is a bitmap that supports an * arbitrary number of bits. Extensible bitmaps are * used to represent sets of values, such as types, * roles, categories, and classes. * * Each extensible bitmap is implemented as a linked * list of bitmap nodes, where each bitmap node has * an explicitly specified starting bit position within * the total bitmap. * * Author : Stephen Smalley, <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> */ #ifndef _SS_EBITMAP_H_ #define _SS_EBITMAP_H_ #include <net/netlabel.h> #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT #define EBITMAP_NODE_SIZE 64 #else #define EBITMAP_NODE_SIZE 32 #endif #define EBITMAP_UNIT_NUMS ((EBITMAP_NODE_SIZE-sizeof(void *)-sizeof(u32))\ / sizeof(unsigned long)) #define EBITMAP_UNIT_SIZE BITS_PER_LONG #define EBITMAP_SIZE (EBITMAP_UNIT_NUMS * EBITMAP_UNIT_SIZE) #define EBITMAP_BIT 1ULL #define EBITMAP_SHIFT_UNIT_SIZE(x) \ (((x) >> EBITMAP_UNIT_SIZE / 2) >> EBITMAP_UNIT_SIZE / 2) struct ebitmap_node { struct ebitmap_node *next; unsigned long maps[EBITMAP_UNIT_NUMS]; u32 startbit; }; struct ebitmap { struct ebitmap_node *node; /* first node in the bitmap */ u32 highbit; /* highest position in the total bitmap */ }; #define ebitmap_length(e) ((e)->highbit) static inline unsigned int ebitmap_start_positive(struct ebitmap *e, struct ebitmap_node **n) { unsigned int ofs; for (*n = e->node; *n; *n = (*n)->next) { ofs = find_first_bit((*n)->maps, EBITMAP_SIZE); if (ofs < EBITMAP_SIZE) return (*n)->startbit + ofs; } return ebitmap_length(e); } static inline void ebitmap_init(struct ebitmap *e) { memset(e, 0, sizeof(*e)); } static inline unsigned int ebitmap_next_positive(struct ebitmap *e, struct ebitmap_node **n, unsigned int bit) { unsigned int ofs; ofs = find_next_bit((*n)->maps, EBITMAP_SIZE, bit - (*n)->startbit + 1); if (ofs < EBITMAP_SIZE) return ofs + (*n)->startbit; for (*n = (*n)->next; *n; *n = (*n)->next) { ofs = find_first_bit((*n)->maps, EBITMAP_SIZE); if (ofs < EBITMAP_SIZE) return ofs + (*n)->startbit; } return ebitmap_length(e); } #define EBITMAP_NODE_INDEX(node, bit) \ (((bit) - (node)->startbit) / EBITMAP_UNIT_SIZE) #define EBITMAP_NODE_OFFSET(node, bit) \ (((bit) - (node)->startbit) % EBITMAP_UNIT_SIZE) static inline int ebitmap_node_get_bit(struct ebitmap_node *n, unsigned int bit) { unsigned int index = EBITMAP_NODE_INDEX(n, bit); unsigned int ofs = EBITMAP_NODE_OFFSET(n, bit); BUG_ON(index >= EBITMAP_UNIT_NUMS); if ((n->maps[index] & (EBITMAP_BIT << ofs))) return 1; return 0; } static inline void ebitmap_node_set_bit(struct ebitmap_node *n, unsigned int bit) { unsigned int index = EBITMAP_NODE_INDEX(n, bit); unsigned int ofs = EBITMAP_NODE_OFFSET(n, bit); BUG_ON(index >= EBITMAP_UNIT_NUMS); n->maps[index] |= (EBITMAP_BIT << ofs); } static inline void ebitmap_node_clr_bit(struct ebitmap_node *n, unsigned int bit) { unsigned int index = EBITMAP_NODE_INDEX(n, bit); unsigned int ofs = EBITMAP_NODE_OFFSET(n, bit); BUG_ON(index >= EBITMAP_UNIT_NUMS); n->maps[index] &= ~(EBITMAP_BIT << ofs); } #define ebitmap_for_each_positive_bit(e, n, bit) \ for (bit = ebitmap_start_positive(e, &n); \ bit < ebitmap_length(e); \ bit = ebitmap_next_positive(e, &n, bit)) \ int ebitmap_cmp(struct ebitmap *e1, struct ebitmap *e2); int ebitmap_cpy(struct ebitmap *dst, struct ebitmap *src); int ebitmap_and(struct ebitmap *dst, struct ebitmap *e1, struct ebitmap *e2); int ebitmap_contains(struct ebitmap *e1, struct ebitmap *e2, u32 last_e2bit); int ebitmap_get_bit(struct ebitmap *e, unsigned long bit); int ebitmap_set_bit(struct ebitmap *e, unsigned long bit, int value); void ebitmap_destroy(struct ebitmap *e); int ebitmap_read(struct ebitmap *e, void *fp); int ebitmap_write(struct ebitmap *e, void *fp); u32 ebitmap_hash(const struct ebitmap *e, u32 hash); #ifdef CONFIG_NETLABEL int ebitmap_netlbl_export(struct ebitmap *ebmap, struct netlbl_lsm_catmap **catmap); int ebitmap_netlbl_import(struct ebitmap *ebmap, struct netlbl_lsm_catmap *catmap); #else static inline int ebitmap_netlbl_export(struct ebitmap *ebmap, struct netlbl_lsm_catmap **catmap) { return -ENOMEM; } static inline int ebitmap_netlbl_import(struct ebitmap *ebmap, struct netlbl_lsm_catmap *catmap) { return -ENOMEM; } #endif #endif /* _SS_EBITMAP_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Authors: Lotsa people, from code originally in tcp */ #ifndef _INET_HASHTABLES_H #define _INET_HASHTABLES_H #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/ip.h> #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/socket.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <net/inet_connection_sock.h> #include <net/inet_sock.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <net/route.h> #include <net/tcp_states.h> #include <net/netns/hash.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <asm/byteorder.h> /* This is for all connections with a full identity, no wildcards. * The 'e' prefix stands for Establish, but we really put all sockets * but LISTEN ones. */ struct inet_ehash_bucket { struct hlist_nulls_head chain; }; /* There are a few simple rules, which allow for local port reuse by * an application. In essence: * * 1) Sockets bound to different interfaces may share a local port. * Failing that, goto test 2. * 2) If all sockets have sk->sk_reuse set, and none of them are in * TCP_LISTEN state, the port may be shared. * Failing that, goto test 3. * 3) If all sockets are bound to a specific inet_sk(sk)->rcv_saddr local * address, and none of them are the same, the port may be * shared. * Failing this, the port cannot be shared. * * The interesting point, is test #2. This is what an FTP server does * all day. To optimize this case we use a specific flag bit defined * below. As we add sockets to a bind bucket list, we perform a * check of: (newsk->sk_reuse && (newsk->sk_state != TCP_LISTEN)) * As long as all sockets added to a bind bucket pass this test, * the flag bit will be set. * The resulting situation is that tcp_v[46]_verify_bind() can just check * for this flag bit, if it is set and the socket trying to bind has * sk->sk_reuse set, we don't even have to walk the owners list at all, * we return that it is ok to bind this socket to the requested local port. * * Sounds like a lot of work, but it is worth it. In a more naive * implementation (ie. current FreeBSD etc.) the entire list of ports * must be walked for each data port opened by an ftp server. Needless * to say, this does not scale at all. With a couple thousand FTP * users logged onto your box, isn't it nice to know that new data * ports are created in O(1) time? I thought so. ;-) -DaveM */ #define FASTREUSEPORT_ANY 1 #define FASTREUSEPORT_STRICT 2 struct inet_bind_bucket { possible_net_t ib_net; int l3mdev; unsigned short port; signed char fastreuse; signed char fastreuseport; kuid_t fastuid; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) struct in6_addr fast_v6_rcv_saddr; #endif __be32 fast_rcv_saddr; unsigned short fast_sk_family; bool fast_ipv6_only; struct hlist_node node; struct hlist_head owners; }; static inline struct net *ib_net(struct inet_bind_bucket *ib) { return read_pnet(&ib->ib_net); } #define inet_bind_bucket_for_each(tb, head) \ hlist_for_each_entry(tb, head, node) struct inet_bind_hashbucket { spinlock_t lock; struct hlist_head chain; }; /* Sockets can be hashed in established or listening table. * We must use different 'nulls' end-of-chain value for all hash buckets : * A socket might transition from ESTABLISH to LISTEN state without * RCU grace period. A lookup in ehash table needs to handle this case. */ #define LISTENING_NULLS_BASE (1U << 29) struct inet_listen_hashbucket { spinlock_t lock; unsigned int count; union { struct hlist_head head; struct hlist_nulls_head nulls_head; }; }; /* This is for listening sockets, thus all sockets which possess wildcards. */ #define INET_LHTABLE_SIZE 32 /* Yes, really, this is all you need. */ struct inet_hashinfo { /* This is for sockets with full identity only. Sockets here will * always be without wildcards and will have the following invariant: * * TCP_ESTABLISHED <= sk->sk_state < TCP_CLOSE * */ struct inet_ehash_bucket *ehash; spinlock_t *ehash_locks; unsigned int ehash_mask; unsigned int ehash_locks_mask; /* Ok, let's try this, I give up, we do need a local binding * TCP hash as well as the others for fast bind/connect. */ struct kmem_cache *bind_bucket_cachep; struct inet_bind_hashbucket *bhash; unsigned int bhash_size; /* The 2nd listener table hashed by local port and address */ unsigned int lhash2_mask; struct inet_listen_hashbucket *lhash2; /* All the above members are written once at bootup and * never written again _or_ are predominantly read-access. * * Now align to a new cache line as all the following members * might be often dirty. */ /* All sockets in TCP_LISTEN state will be in listening_hash. * This is the only table where wildcard'd TCP sockets can * exist. listening_hash is only hashed by local port number. * If lhash2 is initialized, the same socket will also be hashed * to lhash2 by port and address. */ struct inet_listen_hashbucket listening_hash[INET_LHTABLE_SIZE] ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; }; #define inet_lhash2_for_each_icsk_rcu(__icsk, list) \ hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(__icsk, list, icsk_listen_portaddr_node) static inline struct inet_listen_hashbucket * inet_lhash2_bucket(struct inet_hashinfo *h, u32 hash) { return &h->lhash2[hash & h->lhash2_mask]; } static inline struct inet_ehash_bucket *inet_ehash_bucket( struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, unsigned int hash) { return &hashinfo->ehash[hash & hashinfo->ehash_mask]; } static inline spinlock_t *inet_ehash_lockp( struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, unsigned int hash) { return &hashinfo->ehash_locks[hash & hashinfo->ehash_locks_mask]; } int inet_ehash_locks_alloc(struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo); static inline void inet_hashinfo2_free_mod(struct inet_hashinfo *h) { kfree(h->lhash2); h->lhash2 = NULL; } static inline void inet_ehash_locks_free(struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo) { kvfree(hashinfo->ehash_locks); hashinfo->ehash_locks = NULL; } static inline bool inet_sk_bound_dev_eq(struct net *net, int bound_dev_if, int dif, int sdif) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_L3_MASTER_DEV) return inet_bound_dev_eq(!!net->ipv4.sysctl_tcp_l3mdev_accept, bound_dev_if, dif, sdif); #else return inet_bound_dev_eq(true, bound_dev_if, dif, sdif); #endif } struct inet_bind_bucket * inet_bind_bucket_create(struct kmem_cache *cachep, struct net *net, struct inet_bind_hashbucket *head, const unsigned short snum, int l3mdev); void inet_bind_bucket_destroy(struct kmem_cache *cachep, struct inet_bind_bucket *tb); static inline u32 inet_bhashfn(const struct net *net, const __u16 lport, const u32 bhash_size) { return (lport + net_hash_mix(net)) & (bhash_size - 1); } void inet_bind_hash(struct sock *sk, struct inet_bind_bucket *tb, const unsigned short snum); /* These can have wildcards, don't try too hard. */ static inline u32 inet_lhashfn(const struct net *net, const unsigned short num) { return (num + net_hash_mix(net)) & (INET_LHTABLE_SIZE - 1); } static inline int inet_sk_listen_hashfn(const struct sock *sk) { return inet_lhashfn(sock_net(sk), inet_sk(sk)->inet_num); } /* Caller must disable local BH processing. */ int __inet_inherit_port(const struct sock *sk, struct sock *child); void inet_put_port(struct sock *sk); void inet_hashinfo_init(struct inet_hashinfo *h); void inet_hashinfo2_init(struct inet_hashinfo *h, const char *name, unsigned long numentries, int scale, unsigned long low_limit, unsigned long high_limit); int inet_hashinfo2_init_mod(struct inet_hashinfo *h); bool inet_ehash_insert(struct sock *sk, struct sock *osk, bool *found_dup_sk); bool inet_ehash_nolisten(struct sock *sk, struct sock *osk, bool *found_dup_sk); int __inet_hash(struct sock *sk, struct sock *osk); int inet_hash(struct sock *sk); void inet_unhash(struct sock *sk); struct sock *__inet_lookup_listener(struct net *net, struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, struct sk_buff *skb, int doff, const __be32 saddr, const __be16 sport, const __be32 daddr, const unsigned short hnum, const int dif, const int sdif); static inline struct sock *inet_lookup_listener(struct net *net, struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, struct sk_buff *skb, int doff, __be32 saddr, __be16 sport, __be32 daddr, __be16 dport, int dif, int sdif) { return __inet_lookup_listener(net, hashinfo, skb, doff, saddr, sport, daddr, ntohs(dport), dif, sdif); } /* Socket demux engine toys. */ /* What happens here is ugly; there's a pair of adjacent fields in struct inet_sock; __be16 dport followed by __u16 num. We want to search by pair, so we combine the keys into a single 32bit value and compare with 32bit value read from &...->dport. Let's at least make sure that it's not mixed with anything else... On 64bit targets we combine comparisons with pair of adjacent __be32 fields in the same way. */ #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN #define INET_COMBINED_PORTS(__sport, __dport) \ ((__force __portpair)(((__force __u32)(__be16)(__sport) << 16) | (__u32)(__dport))) #else /* __LITTLE_ENDIAN */ #define INET_COMBINED_PORTS(__sport, __dport) \ ((__force __portpair)(((__u32)(__dport) << 16) | (__force __u32)(__be16)(__sport))) #endif #if (BITS_PER_LONG == 64) #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN #define INET_ADDR_COOKIE(__name, __saddr, __daddr) \ const __addrpair __name = (__force __addrpair) ( \ (((__force __u64)(__be32)(__saddr)) << 32) | \ ((__force __u64)(__be32)(__daddr))) #else /* __LITTLE_ENDIAN */ #define INET_ADDR_COOKIE(__name, __saddr, __daddr) \ const __addrpair __name = (__force __addrpair) ( \ (((__force __u64)(__be32)(__daddr)) << 32) | \ ((__force __u64)(__be32)(__saddr))) #endif /* __BIG_ENDIAN */ #define INET_MATCH(__sk, __net, __cookie, __saddr, __daddr, __ports, __dif, __sdif) \ (((__sk)->sk_portpair == (__ports)) && \ ((__sk)->sk_addrpair == (__cookie)) && \ (((__sk)->sk_bound_dev_if == (__dif)) || \ ((__sk)->sk_bound_dev_if == (__sdif))) && \ net_eq(sock_net(__sk), (__net))) #else /* 32-bit arch */ #define INET_ADDR_COOKIE(__name, __saddr, __daddr) \ const int __name __deprecated __attribute__((unused)) #define INET_MATCH(__sk, __net, __cookie, __saddr, __daddr, __ports, __dif, __sdif) \ (((__sk)->sk_portpair == (__ports)) && \ ((__sk)->sk_daddr == (__saddr)) && \ ((__sk)->sk_rcv_saddr == (__daddr)) && \ (((__sk)->sk_bound_dev_if == (__dif)) || \ ((__sk)->sk_bound_dev_if == (__sdif))) && \ net_eq(sock_net(__sk), (__net))) #endif /* 64-bit arch */ /* Sockets in TCP_CLOSE state are _always_ taken out of the hash, so we need * not check it for lookups anymore, thanks Alexey. -DaveM */ struct sock *__inet_lookup_established(struct net *net, struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, const __be32 saddr, const __be16 sport, const __be32 daddr, const u16 hnum, const int dif, const int sdif); static inline struct sock * inet_lookup_established(struct net *net, struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, const __be32 saddr, const __be16 sport, const __be32 daddr, const __be16 dport, const int dif) { return __inet_lookup_established(net, hashinfo, saddr, sport, daddr, ntohs(dport), dif, 0); } static inline struct sock *__inet_lookup(struct net *net, struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, struct sk_buff *skb, int doff, const __be32 saddr, const __be16 sport, const __be32 daddr, const __be16 dport, const int dif, const int sdif, bool *refcounted) { u16 hnum = ntohs(dport); struct sock *sk; sk = __inet_lookup_established(net, hashinfo, saddr, sport, daddr, hnum, dif, sdif); *refcounted = true; if (sk) return sk; *refcounted = false; return __inet_lookup_listener(net, hashinfo, skb, doff, saddr, sport, daddr, hnum, dif, sdif); } static inline struct sock *inet_lookup(struct net *net, struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, struct sk_buff *skb, int doff, const __be32 saddr, const __be16 sport, const __be32 daddr, const __be16 dport, const int dif) { struct sock *sk; bool refcounted; sk = __inet_lookup(net, hashinfo, skb, doff, saddr, sport, daddr, dport, dif, 0, &refcounted); if (sk && !refcounted && !refcount_inc_not_zero(&sk->sk_refcnt)) sk = NULL; return sk; } static inline struct sock *__inet_lookup_skb(struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, struct sk_buff *skb, int doff, const __be16 sport, const __be16 dport, const int sdif, bool *refcounted) { struct sock *sk = skb_steal_sock(skb, refcounted); const struct iphdr *iph = ip_hdr(skb); if (sk) return sk; return __inet_lookup(dev_net(skb_dst(skb)->dev), hashinfo, skb, doff, iph->saddr, sport, iph->daddr, dport, inet_iif(skb), sdif, refcounted); } u32 inet6_ehashfn(const struct net *net, const struct in6_addr *laddr, const u16 lport, const struct in6_addr *faddr, const __be16 fport); static inline void sk_daddr_set(struct sock *sk, __be32 addr) { sk->sk_daddr = addr; /* alias of inet_daddr */ #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) ipv6_addr_set_v4mapped(addr, &sk->sk_v6_daddr); #endif } static inline void sk_rcv_saddr_set(struct sock *sk, __be32 addr) { sk->sk_rcv_saddr = addr; /* alias of inet_rcv_saddr */ #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) ipv6_addr_set_v4mapped(addr, &sk->sk_v6_rcv_saddr); #endif } int __inet_hash_connect(struct inet_timewait_death_row *death_row, struct sock *sk, u32 port_offset, int (*check_established)(struct inet_timewait_death_row *, struct sock *, __u16, struct inet_timewait_sock **)); int inet_hash_connect(struct inet_timewait_death_row *death_row, struct sock *sk); #endif /* _INET_HASHTABLES_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 OR MIT */ #ifndef __LINUX_OVERFLOW_H #define __LINUX_OVERFLOW_H #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/limits.h> /* * In the fallback code below, we need to compute the minimum and * maximum values representable in a given type. These macros may also * be useful elsewhere, so we provide them outside the * COMPILER_HAS_GENERIC_BUILTIN_OVERFLOW block. * * It would seem more obvious to do something like * * #define type_min(T) (T)(is_signed_type(T) ? (T)1 << (8*sizeof(T)-1) : 0) * #define type_max(T) (T)(is_signed_type(T) ? ((T)1 << (8*sizeof(T)-1)) - 1 : ~(T)0) * * Unfortunately, the middle expressions, strictly speaking, have * undefined behaviour, and at least some versions of gcc warn about * the type_max expression (but not if -fsanitize=undefined is in * effect; in that case, the warning is deferred to runtime...). * * The slightly excessive casting in type_min is to make sure the * macros also produce sensible values for the exotic type _Bool. [The * overflow checkers only almost work for _Bool, but that's * a-feature-not-a-bug, since people shouldn't be doing arithmetic on * _Bools. Besides, the gcc builtins don't allow _Bool* as third * argument.] * * Idea stolen from * https://mail-index.netbsd.org/tech-misc/2007/02/05/0000.html - * credit to Christian Biere. */ #define is_signed_type(type) (((type)(-1)) < (type)1) #define __type_half_max(type) ((type)1 << (8*sizeof(type) - 1 - is_signed_type(type))) #define type_max(T) ((T)((__type_half_max(T) - 1) + __type_half_max(T))) #define type_min(T) ((T)((T)-type_max(T)-(T)1)) /* * Avoids triggering -Wtype-limits compilation warning, * while using unsigned data types to check a < 0. */ #define is_non_negative(a) ((a) > 0 || (a) == 0) #define is_negative(a) (!(is_non_negative(a))) /* * Allows for effectively applying __must_check to a macro so we can have * both the type-agnostic benefits of the macros while also being able to * enforce that the return value is, in fact, checked. */ static inline bool __must_check __must_check_overflow(bool overflow) { return unlikely(overflow); } #ifdef COMPILER_HAS_GENERIC_BUILTIN_OVERFLOW /* * For simplicity and code hygiene, the fallback code below insists on * a, b and *d having the same type (similar to the min() and max() * macros), whereas gcc's type-generic overflow checkers accept * different types. Hence we don't just make check_add_overflow an * alias for __builtin_add_overflow, but add type checks similar to * below. */ #define check_add_overflow(a, b, d) __must_check_overflow(({ \ typeof(a) __a = (a); \ typeof(b) __b = (b); \ typeof(d) __d = (d); \ (void) (&__a == &__b); \ (void) (&__a == __d); \ __builtin_add_overflow(__a, __b, __d); \ })) #define check_sub_overflow(a, b, d) __must_check_overflow(({ \ typeof(a) __a = (a); \ typeof(b) __b = (b); \ typeof(d) __d = (d); \ (void) (&__a == &__b); \ (void) (&__a == __d); \ __builtin_sub_overflow(__a, __b, __d); \ })) #define check_mul_overflow(a, b, d) __must_check_overflow(({ \ typeof(a) __a = (a); \ typeof(b) __b = (b); \ typeof(d) __d = (d); \ (void) (&__a == &__b); \ (void) (&__a == __d); \ __builtin_mul_overflow(__a, __b, __d); \ })) #else /* Checking for unsigned overflow is relatively easy without causing UB. */ #define __unsigned_add_overflow(a, b, d) ({ \ typeof(a) __a = (a); \ typeof(b) __b = (b); \ typeof(d) __d = (d); \ (void) (&__a == &__b); \ (void) (&__a == __d); \ *__d = __a + __b; \ *__d < __a; \ }) #define __unsigned_sub_overflow(a, b, d) ({ \ typeof(a) __a = (a); \ typeof(b) __b = (b); \ typeof(d) __d = (d); \ (void) (&__a == &__b); \ (void) (&__a == __d); \ *__d = __a - __b; \ __a < __b; \ }) /* * If one of a or b is a compile-time constant, this avoids a division. */ #define __unsigned_mul_overflow(a, b, d) ({ \ typeof(a) __a = (a); \ typeof(b) __b = (b); \ typeof(d) __d = (d); \ (void) (&__a == &__b); \ (void) (&__a == __d); \ *__d = __a * __b; \ __builtin_constant_p(__b) ? \ __b > 0 && __a > type_max(typeof(__a)) / __b : \ __a > 0 && __b > type_max(typeof(__b)) / __a; \ }) /* * For signed types, detecting overflow is much harder, especially if * we want to avoid UB. But the interface of these macros is such that * we must provide a result in *d, and in fact we must produce the * result promised by gcc's builtins, which is simply the possibly * wrapped-around value. Fortunately, we can just formally do the * operations in the widest relevant unsigned type (u64) and then * truncate the result - gcc is smart enough to generate the same code * with and without the (u64) casts. */ /* * Adding two signed integers can overflow only if they have the same * sign, and overflow has happened iff the result has the opposite * sign. */ #define __signed_add_overflow(a, b, d) ({ \ typeof(a) __a = (a); \ typeof(b) __b = (b); \ typeof(d) __d = (d); \ (void) (&__a == &__b); \ (void) (&__a == __d); \ *__d = (u64)__a + (u64)__b; \ (((~(__a ^ __b)) & (*__d ^ __a)) \ & type_min(typeof(__a))) != 0; \ }) /* * Subtraction is similar, except that overflow can now happen only * when the signs are opposite. In this case, overflow has happened if * the result has the opposite sign of a. */ #define __signed_sub_overflow(a, b, d) ({ \ typeof(a) __a = (a); \ typeof(b) __b = (b); \ typeof(d) __d = (d); \ (void) (&__a == &__b); \ (void) (&__a == __d); \ *__d = (u64)__a - (u64)__b; \ ((((__a ^ __b)) & (*__d ^ __a)) \ & type_min(typeof(__a))) != 0; \ }) /* * Signed multiplication is rather hard. gcc always follows C99, so * division is truncated towards 0. This means that we can write the * overflow check like this: * * (a > 0 && (b > MAX/a || b < MIN/a)) || * (a < -1 && (b > MIN/a || b < MAX/a) || * (a == -1 && b == MIN) * * The redundant casts of -1 are to silence an annoying -Wtype-limits * (included in -Wextra) warning: When the type is u8 or u16, the * __b_c_e in check_mul_overflow obviously selects * __unsigned_mul_overflow, but unfortunately gcc still parses this * code and warns about the limited range of __b. */ #define __signed_mul_overflow(a, b, d) ({ \ typeof(a) __a = (a); \ typeof(b) __b = (b); \ typeof(d) __d = (d); \ typeof(a) __tmax = type_max(typeof(a)); \ typeof(a) __tmin = type_min(typeof(a)); \ (void) (&__a == &__b); \ (void) (&__a == __d); \ *__d = (u64)__a * (u64)__b; \ (__b > 0 && (__a > __tmax/__b || __a < __tmin/__b)) || \ (__b < (typeof(__b))-1 && (__a > __tmin/__b || __a < __tmax/__b)) || \ (__b == (typeof(__b))-1 && __a == __tmin); \ }) #define check_add_overflow(a, b, d) __must_check_overflow( \ __builtin_choose_expr(is_signed_type(typeof(a)), \ __signed_add_overflow(a, b, d), \ __unsigned_add_overflow(a, b, d))) #define check_sub_overflow(a, b, d) __must_check_overflow( \ __builtin_choose_expr(is_signed_type(typeof(a)), \ __signed_sub_overflow(a, b, d), \ __unsigned_sub_overflow(a, b, d))) #define check_mul_overflow(a, b, d) __must_check_overflow( \ __builtin_choose_expr(is_signed_type(typeof(a)), \ __signed_mul_overflow(a, b, d), \ __unsigned_mul_overflow(a, b, d))) #endif /* COMPILER_HAS_GENERIC_BUILTIN_OVERFLOW */ /** check_shl_overflow() - Calculate a left-shifted value and check overflow * * @a: Value to be shifted * @s: How many bits left to shift * @d: Pointer to where to store the result * * Computes *@d = (@a << @s) * * Returns true if '*d' cannot hold the result or when 'a << s' doesn't * make sense. Example conditions: * - 'a << s' causes bits to be lost when stored in *d. * - 's' is garbage (e.g. negative) or so large that the result of * 'a << s' is guaranteed to be 0. * - 'a' is negative. * - 'a << s' sets the sign bit, if any, in '*d'. * * '*d' will hold the results of the attempted shift, but is not * considered "safe for use" if false is returned. */ #define check_shl_overflow(a, s, d) __must_check_overflow(({ \ typeof(a) _a = a; \ typeof(s) _s = s; \ typeof(d) _d = d; \ u64 _a_full = _a; \ unsigned int _to_shift = \ is_non_negative(_s) && _s < 8 * sizeof(*d) ? _s : 0; \ *_d = (_a_full << _to_shift); \ (_to_shift != _s || is_negative(*_d) || is_negative(_a) || \ (*_d >> _to_shift) != _a); \ })) /** * array_size() - Calculate size of 2-dimensional array. * * @a: dimension one * @b: dimension two * * Calculates size of 2-dimensional array: @a * @b. * * Returns: number of bytes needed to represent the array or SIZE_MAX on * overflow. */ static inline __must_check size_t array_size(size_t a, size_t b) { size_t bytes; if (check_mul_overflow(a, b, &bytes)) return SIZE_MAX; return bytes; } /** * array3_size() - Calculate size of 3-dimensional array. * * @a: dimension one * @b: dimension two * @c: dimension three * * Calculates size of 3-dimensional array: @a * @b * @c. * * Returns: number of bytes needed to represent the array or SIZE_MAX on * overflow. */ static inline __must_check size_t array3_size(size_t a, size_t b, size_t c) { size_t bytes; if (check_mul_overflow(a, b, &bytes)) return SIZE_MAX; if (check_mul_overflow(bytes, c, &bytes)) return SIZE_MAX; return bytes; } /* * Compute a*b+c, returning SIZE_MAX on overflow. Internal helper for * struct_size() below. */ static inline __must_check size_t __ab_c_size(size_t a, size_t b, size_t c) { size_t bytes; if (check_mul_overflow(a, b, &bytes)) return SIZE_MAX; if (check_add_overflow(bytes, c, &bytes)) return SIZE_MAX; return bytes; } /** * struct_size() - Calculate size of structure with trailing array. * @p: Pointer to the structure. * @member: Name of the array member. * @count: Number of elements in the array. * * Calculates size of memory needed for structure @p followed by an * array of @count number of @member elements. * * Return: number of bytes needed or SIZE_MAX on overflow. */ #define struct_size(p, member, count) \ __ab_c_size(count, \ sizeof(*(p)->member) + __must_be_array((p)->member),\ sizeof(*(p))) /** * flex_array_size() - Calculate size of a flexible array member * within an enclosing structure. * * @p: Pointer to the structure. * @member: Name of the flexible array member. * @count: Number of elements in the array. * * Calculates size of a flexible array of @count number of @member * elements, at the end of structure @p. * * Return: number of bytes needed or SIZE_MAX on overflow. */ #define flex_array_size(p, member, count) \ array_size(count, \ sizeof(*(p)->member) + __must_be_array((p)->member)) #endif /* __LINUX_OVERFLOW_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __NET_IP_TUNNELS_H #define __NET_IP_TUNNELS_H 1 #include <linux/if_tunnel.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/socket.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/u64_stats_sync.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <net/dsfield.h> #include <net/gro_cells.h> #include <net/inet_ecn.h> #include <net/netns/generic.h> #include <net/rtnetlink.h> #include <net/lwtunnel.h> #include <net/dst_cache.h> #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) #include <net/ipv6.h> #include <net/ip6_fib.h> #include <net/ip6_route.h> #endif /* Keep error state on tunnel for 30 sec */ #define IPTUNNEL_ERR_TIMEO (30*HZ) /* Used to memset ip_tunnel padding. */ #define IP_TUNNEL_KEY_SIZE offsetofend(struct ip_tunnel_key, tp_dst) /* Used to memset ipv4 address padding. */ #define IP_TUNNEL_KEY_IPV4_PAD offsetofend(struct ip_tunnel_key, u.ipv4.dst) #define IP_TUNNEL_KEY_IPV4_PAD_LEN \ (sizeof_field(struct ip_tunnel_key, u) - \ sizeof_field(struct ip_tunnel_key, u.ipv4)) struct ip_tunnel_key { __be64 tun_id; union { struct { __be32 src; __be32 dst; } ipv4; struct { struct in6_addr src; struct in6_addr dst; } ipv6; } u; __be16 tun_flags; u8 tos; /* TOS for IPv4, TC for IPv6 */ u8 ttl; /* TTL for IPv4, HL for IPv6 */ __be32 label; /* Flow Label for IPv6 */ __be16 tp_src; __be16 tp_dst; }; /* Flags for ip_tunnel_info mode. */ #define IP_TUNNEL_INFO_TX 0x01 /* represents tx tunnel parameters */ #define IP_TUNNEL_INFO_IPV6 0x02 /* key contains IPv6 addresses */ #define IP_TUNNEL_INFO_BRIDGE 0x04 /* represents a bridged tunnel id */ /* Maximum tunnel options length. */ #define IP_TUNNEL_OPTS_MAX \ GENMASK((sizeof_field(struct ip_tunnel_info, \ options_len) * BITS_PER_BYTE) - 1, 0) struct ip_tunnel_info { struct ip_tunnel_key key; #ifdef CONFIG_DST_CACHE struct dst_cache dst_cache; #endif u8 options_len; u8 mode; }; /* 6rd prefix/relay information */ #ifdef CONFIG_IPV6_SIT_6RD struct ip_tunnel_6rd_parm { struct in6_addr prefix; __be32 relay_prefix; u16 prefixlen; u16 relay_prefixlen; }; #endif struct ip_tunnel_encap { u16 type; u16 flags; __be16 sport; __be16 dport; }; struct ip_tunnel_prl_entry { struct ip_tunnel_prl_entry __rcu *next; __be32 addr; u16 flags; struct rcu_head rcu_head; }; struct metadata_dst; struct ip_tunnel { struct ip_tunnel __rcu *next; struct hlist_node hash_node; struct net_device *dev; struct net *net; /* netns for packet i/o */ unsigned long err_time; /* Time when the last ICMP error * arrived */ int err_count; /* Number of arrived ICMP errors */ /* These four fields used only by GRE */ u32 i_seqno; /* The last seen seqno */ u32 o_seqno; /* The last output seqno */ int tun_hlen; /* Precalculated header length */ /* These four fields used only by ERSPAN */ u32 index; /* ERSPAN type II index */ u8 erspan_ver; /* ERSPAN version */ u8 dir; /* ERSPAN direction */ u16 hwid; /* ERSPAN hardware ID */ struct dst_cache dst_cache; struct ip_tunnel_parm parms; int mlink; int encap_hlen; /* Encap header length (FOU,GUE) */ int hlen; /* tun_hlen + encap_hlen */ struct ip_tunnel_encap encap; /* for SIT */ #ifdef CONFIG_IPV6_SIT_6RD struct ip_tunnel_6rd_parm ip6rd; #endif struct ip_tunnel_prl_entry __rcu *prl; /* potential router list */ unsigned int prl_count; /* # of entries in PRL */ unsigned int ip_tnl_net_id; struct gro_cells gro_cells; __u32 fwmark; bool collect_md; bool ignore_df; }; struct tnl_ptk_info { __be16 flags; __be16 proto; __be32 key; __be32 seq; int hdr_len; }; #define PACKET_RCVD 0 #define PACKET_REJECT 1 #define PACKET_NEXT 2 #define IP_TNL_HASH_BITS 7 #define IP_TNL_HASH_SIZE (1 << IP_TNL_HASH_BITS) struct ip_tunnel_net { struct net_device *fb_tunnel_dev; struct rtnl_link_ops *rtnl_link_ops; struct hlist_head tunnels[IP_TNL_HASH_SIZE]; struct ip_tunnel __rcu *collect_md_tun; int type; }; static inline void ip_tunnel_key_init(struct ip_tunnel_key *key, __be32 saddr, __be32 daddr, u8 tos, u8 ttl, __be32 label, __be16 tp_src, __be16 tp_dst, __be64 tun_id, __be16 tun_flags) { key->tun_id = tun_id; key->u.ipv4.src = saddr; key->u.ipv4.dst = daddr; memset((unsigned char *)key + IP_TUNNEL_KEY_IPV4_PAD, 0, IP_TUNNEL_KEY_IPV4_PAD_LEN); key->tos = tos; key->ttl = ttl; key->label = label; key->tun_flags = tun_flags; /* For the tunnel types on the top of IPsec, the tp_src and tp_dst of * the upper tunnel are used. * E.g: GRE over IPSEC, the tp_src and tp_port are zero. */ key->tp_src = tp_src; key->tp_dst = tp_dst; /* Clear struct padding. */ if (sizeof(*key) != IP_TUNNEL_KEY_SIZE) memset((unsigned char *)key + IP_TUNNEL_KEY_SIZE, 0, sizeof(*key) - IP_TUNNEL_KEY_SIZE); } static inline bool ip_tunnel_dst_cache_usable(const struct sk_buff *skb, const struct ip_tunnel_info *info) { if (skb->mark) return false; if (!info) return true; if (info->key.tun_flags & TUNNEL_NOCACHE) return false; return true; } static inline unsigned short ip_tunnel_info_af(const struct ip_tunnel_info *tun_info) { return tun_info->mode & IP_TUNNEL_INFO_IPV6 ? AF_INET6 : AF_INET; } static inline __be64 key32_to_tunnel_id(__be32 key) { #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN return (__force __be64)key; #else return (__force __be64)((__force u64)key << 32); #endif } /* Returns the least-significant 32 bits of a __be64. */ static inline __be32 tunnel_id_to_key32(__be64 tun_id) { #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN return (__force __be32)tun_id; #else return (__force __be32)((__force u64)tun_id >> 32); #endif } #ifdef CONFIG_INET static inline void ip_tunnel_init_flow(struct flowi4 *fl4, int proto, __be32 daddr, __be32 saddr, __be32 key, __u8 tos, int oif, __u32 mark, __u32 tun_inner_hash) { memset(fl4, 0, sizeof(*fl4)); fl4->flowi4_oif = oif; fl4->daddr = daddr; fl4->saddr = saddr; fl4->flowi4_tos = tos; fl4->flowi4_proto = proto; fl4->fl4_gre_key = key; fl4->flowi4_mark = mark; fl4->flowi4_multipath_hash = tun_inner_hash; } int ip_tunnel_init(struct net_device *dev); void ip_tunnel_uninit(struct net_device *dev); void ip_tunnel_dellink(struct net_device *dev, struct list_head *head); struct net *ip_tunnel_get_link_net(const struct net_device *dev); int ip_tunnel_get_iflink(const struct net_device *dev); int ip_tunnel_init_net(struct net *net, unsigned int ip_tnl_net_id, struct rtnl_link_ops *ops, char *devname); void ip_tunnel_delete_nets(struct list_head *list_net, unsigned int id, struct rtnl_link_ops *ops); void ip_tunnel_xmit(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, const struct iphdr *tnl_params, const u8 protocol); void ip_md_tunnel_xmit(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, const u8 proto, int tunnel_hlen); int ip_tunnel_ctl(struct net_device *dev, struct ip_tunnel_parm *p, int cmd); int ip_tunnel_ioctl(struct net_device *dev, struct ifreq *ifr, int cmd); int __ip_tunnel_change_mtu(struct net_device *dev, int new_mtu, bool strict); int ip_tunnel_change_mtu(struct net_device *dev, int new_mtu); void ip_tunnel_get_stats64(struct net_device *dev, struct rtnl_link_stats64 *tot); struct ip_tunnel *ip_tunnel_lookup(struct ip_tunnel_net *itn, int link, __be16 flags, __be32 remote, __be32 local, __be32 key); int ip_tunnel_rcv(struct ip_tunnel *tunnel, struct sk_buff *skb, const struct tnl_ptk_info *tpi, struct metadata_dst *tun_dst, bool log_ecn_error); int ip_tunnel_changelink(struct net_device *dev, struct nlattr *tb[], struct ip_tunnel_parm *p, __u32 fwmark); int ip_tunnel_newlink(struct net_device *dev, struct nlattr *tb[], struct ip_tunnel_parm *p, __u32 fwmark); void ip_tunnel_setup(struct net_device *dev, unsigned int net_id); extern const struct header_ops ip_tunnel_header_ops; __be16 ip_tunnel_parse_protocol(const struct sk_buff *skb); struct ip_tunnel_encap_ops { size_t (*encap_hlen)(struct ip_tunnel_encap *e); int (*build_header)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ip_tunnel_encap *e, u8 *protocol, struct flowi4 *fl4); int (*err_handler)(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 info); }; #define MAX_IPTUN_ENCAP_OPS 8 extern const struct ip_tunnel_encap_ops __rcu * iptun_encaps[MAX_IPTUN_ENCAP_OPS]; int ip_tunnel_encap_add_ops(const struct ip_tunnel_encap_ops *op, unsigned int num); int ip_tunnel_encap_del_ops(const struct ip_tunnel_encap_ops *op, unsigned int num); int ip_tunnel_encap_setup(struct ip_tunnel *t, struct ip_tunnel_encap *ipencap); static inline bool pskb_inet_may_pull(struct sk_buff *skb) { int nhlen; switch (skb->protocol) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) case htons(ETH_P_IPV6): nhlen = sizeof(struct ipv6hdr); break; #endif case htons(ETH_P_IP): nhlen = sizeof(struct iphdr); break; default: nhlen = 0; } return pskb_network_may_pull(skb, nhlen); } static inline int ip_encap_hlen(struct ip_tunnel_encap *e) { const struct ip_tunnel_encap_ops *ops; int hlen = -EINVAL; if (e->type == TUNNEL_ENCAP_NONE) return 0; if (e->type >= MAX_IPTUN_ENCAP_OPS) return -EINVAL; rcu_read_lock(); ops = rcu_dereference(iptun_encaps[e->type]); if (likely(ops && ops->encap_hlen)) hlen = ops->encap_hlen(e); rcu_read_unlock(); return hlen; } static inline int ip_tunnel_encap(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ip_tunnel *t, u8 *protocol, struct flowi4 *fl4) { const struct ip_tunnel_encap_ops *ops; int ret = -EINVAL; if (t->encap.type == TUNNEL_ENCAP_NONE) return 0; if (t->encap.type >= MAX_IPTUN_ENCAP_OPS) return -EINVAL; rcu_read_lock(); ops = rcu_dereference(iptun_encaps[t->encap.type]); if (likely(ops && ops->build_header)) ret = ops->build_header(skb, &t->encap, protocol, fl4); rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } /* Extract dsfield from inner protocol */ static inline u8 ip_tunnel_get_dsfield(const struct iphdr *iph, const struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->protocol == htons(ETH_P_IP)) return iph->tos; else if (skb->protocol == htons(ETH_P_IPV6)) return ipv6_get_dsfield((const struct ipv6hdr *)iph); else return 0; } static inline u8 ip_tunnel_get_ttl(const struct iphdr *iph, const struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->protocol == htons(ETH_P_IP)) return iph->ttl; else if (skb->protocol == htons(ETH_P_IPV6)) return ((const struct ipv6hdr *)iph)->hop_limit; else return 0; } /* Propogate ECN bits out */ static inline u8 ip_tunnel_ecn_encap(u8 tos, const struct iphdr *iph, const struct sk_buff *skb) { u8 inner = ip_tunnel_get_dsfield(iph, skb); return INET_ECN_encapsulate(tos, inner); } int __iptunnel_pull_header(struct sk_buff *skb, int hdr_len, __be16 inner_proto, bool raw_proto, bool xnet); static inline int iptunnel_pull_header(struct sk_buff *skb, int hdr_len, __be16 inner_proto, bool xnet) { return __iptunnel_pull_header(skb, hdr_len, inner_proto, false, xnet); } void iptunnel_xmit(struct sock *sk, struct rtable *rt, struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 src, __be32 dst, u8 proto, u8 tos, u8 ttl, __be16 df, bool xnet); struct metadata_dst *iptunnel_metadata_reply(struct metadata_dst *md, gfp_t flags); int skb_tunnel_check_pmtu(struct sk_buff *skb, struct dst_entry *encap_dst, int headroom, bool reply); int iptunnel_handle_offloads(struct sk_buff *skb, int gso_type_mask); static inline int iptunnel_pull_offloads(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb_is_gso(skb)) { int err; err = skb_unclone(skb, GFP_ATOMIC); if (unlikely(err)) return err; skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type &= ~(NETIF_F_GSO_ENCAP_ALL >> NETIF_F_GSO_SHIFT); } skb->encapsulation = 0; return 0; } static inline void iptunnel_xmit_stats(struct net_device *dev, int pkt_len) { if (pkt_len > 0) { struct pcpu_sw_netstats *tstats = get_cpu_ptr(dev->tstats); u64_stats_update_begin(&tstats->syncp); tstats->tx_bytes += pkt_len; tstats->tx_packets++; u64_stats_update_end(&tstats->syncp); put_cpu_ptr(tstats); } else { struct net_device_stats *err_stats = &dev->stats; if (pkt_len < 0) { err_stats->tx_errors++; err_stats->tx_aborted_errors++; } else { err_stats->tx_dropped++; } } } static inline void *ip_tunnel_info_opts(struct ip_tunnel_info *info) { return info + 1; } static inline void ip_tunnel_info_opts_get(void *to, const struct ip_tunnel_info *info) { memcpy(to, info + 1, info->options_len); } static inline void ip_tunnel_info_opts_set(struct ip_tunnel_info *info, const void *from, int len, __be16 flags) { info->options_len = len; if (len > 0) { memcpy(ip_tunnel_info_opts(info), from, len); info->key.tun_flags |= flags; } } static inline struct ip_tunnel_info *lwt_tun_info(struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate) { return (struct ip_tunnel_info *)lwtstate->data; } DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(ip_tunnel_metadata_cnt); /* Returns > 0 if metadata should be collected */ static inline int ip_tunnel_collect_metadata(void) { return static_branch_unlikely(&ip_tunnel_metadata_cnt); } void __init ip_tunnel_core_init(void); void ip_tunnel_need_metadata(void); void ip_tunnel_unneed_metadata(void); #else /* CONFIG_INET */ static inline struct ip_tunnel_info *lwt_tun_info(struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate) { return NULL; } static inline void ip_tunnel_need_metadata(void) { } static inline void ip_tunnel_unneed_metadata(void) { } static inline void ip_tunnel_info_opts_get(void *to, const struct ip_tunnel_info *info) { } static inline void ip_tunnel_info_opts_set(struct ip_tunnel_info *info, const void *from, int len, __be16 flags) { info->options_len = 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_INET */ #endif /* __NET_IP_TUNNELS_H */
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2221 2222 2223 2224 2225 2226 2227 2228 2229 2230 2231 2232 2233 2234 2235 2236 2237 2238 2239 2240 2241 2242 2243 2244 2245 2246 2247 2248 2249 2250 2251 2252 2253 2254 2255 2256 2257 2258 2259 2260 2261 2262 2263 2264 2265 2266 2267 2268 2269 2270 2271 2272 2273 2274 2275 2276 2277 2278 2279 2280 2281 2282 2283 2284 2285 2286 2287 2288 2289 2290 2291 2292 2293 2294 2295 2296 2297 2298 2299 2300 2301 2302 2303 2304 2305 2306 2307 2308 2309 2310 2311 2312 2313 2314 2315 2316 2317 2318 2319 2320 2321 2322 2323 2324 2325 2326 2327 2328 2329 2330 2331 2332 2333 2334 2335 2336 2337 2338 2339 2340 2341 2342 2343 2344 2345 2346 2347 2348 2349 2350 2351 2352 2353 2354 2355 2356 2357 2358 2359 2360 2361 2362 2363 2364 2365 2366 2367 2368 2369 2370 2371 2372 2373 2374 2375 2376 2377 2378 2379 2380 2381 2382 2383 2384 2385 2386 2387 2388 2389 2390 2391 2392 /* * An async IO implementation for Linux * Written by Benjamin LaHaise <bcrl@kvack.org> * * Implements an efficient asynchronous io interface. * * Copyright 2000, 2001, 2002 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved. * Copyright 2018 Christoph Hellwig. * * See ../COPYING for licensing terms. */ #define pr_fmt(fmt) "%s: " fmt, __func__ #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/aio_abi.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/backing-dev.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/uio.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/mman.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/timer.h> #include <linux/aio.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/eventfd.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/compat.h> #include <linux/migrate.h> #include <linux/ramfs.h> #include <linux/percpu-refcount.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/pseudo_fs.h> #include <asm/kmap_types.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/nospec.h> #include "internal.h" #define KIOCB_KEY 0 #define AIO_RING_MAGIC 0xa10a10a1 #define AIO_RING_COMPAT_FEATURES 1 #define AIO_RING_INCOMPAT_FEATURES 0 struct aio_ring { unsigned id; /* kernel internal index number */ unsigned nr; /* number of io_events */ unsigned head; /* Written to by userland or under ring_lock * mutex by aio_read_events_ring(). */ unsigned tail; unsigned magic; unsigned compat_features; unsigned incompat_features; unsigned header_length; /* size of aio_ring */ struct io_event io_events[]; }; /* 128 bytes + ring size */ /* * Plugging is meant to work with larger batches of IOs. If we don't * have more than the below, then don't bother setting up a plug. */ #define AIO_PLUG_THRESHOLD 2 #define AIO_RING_PAGES 8 struct kioctx_table { struct rcu_head rcu; unsigned nr; struct kioctx __rcu *table[]; }; struct kioctx_cpu { unsigned reqs_available; }; struct ctx_rq_wait { struct completion comp; atomic_t count; }; struct kioctx { struct percpu_ref users; atomic_t dead; struct percpu_ref reqs; unsigned long user_id; struct __percpu kioctx_cpu *cpu; /* * For percpu reqs_available, number of slots we move to/from global * counter at a time: */ unsigned req_batch; /* * This is what userspace passed to io_setup(), it's not used for * anything but counting against the global max_reqs quota. * * The real limit is nr_events - 1, which will be larger (see * aio_setup_ring()) */ unsigned max_reqs; /* Size of ringbuffer, in units of struct io_event */ unsigned nr_events; unsigned long mmap_base; unsigned long mmap_size; struct page **ring_pages; long nr_pages; struct rcu_work free_rwork; /* see free_ioctx() */ /* * signals when all in-flight requests are done */ struct ctx_rq_wait *rq_wait; struct { /* * This counts the number of available slots in the ringbuffer, * so we avoid overflowing it: it's decremented (if positive) * when allocating a kiocb and incremented when the resulting * io_event is pulled off the ringbuffer. * * We batch accesses to it with a percpu version. */ atomic_t reqs_available; } ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; struct { spinlock_t ctx_lock; struct list_head active_reqs; /* used for cancellation */ } ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; struct { struct mutex ring_lock; wait_queue_head_t wait; } ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; struct { unsigned tail; unsigned completed_events; spinlock_t completion_lock; } ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; struct page *internal_pages[AIO_RING_PAGES]; struct file *aio_ring_file; unsigned id; }; /* * First field must be the file pointer in all the * iocb unions! See also 'struct kiocb' in <linux/fs.h> */ struct fsync_iocb { struct file *file; struct work_struct work; bool datasync; struct cred *creds; }; struct poll_iocb { struct file *file; struct wait_queue_head *head; __poll_t events; bool cancelled; bool work_scheduled; bool work_need_resched; struct wait_queue_entry wait; struct work_struct work; }; /* * NOTE! Each of the iocb union members has the file pointer * as the first entry in their struct definition. So you can * access the file pointer through any of the sub-structs, * or directly as just 'ki_filp' in this struct. */ struct aio_kiocb { union { struct file *ki_filp; struct kiocb rw; struct fsync_iocb fsync; struct poll_iocb poll; }; struct kioctx *ki_ctx; kiocb_cancel_fn *ki_cancel; struct io_event ki_res; struct list_head ki_list; /* the aio core uses this * for cancellation */ refcount_t ki_refcnt; /* * If the aio_resfd field of the userspace iocb is not zero, * this is the underlying eventfd context to deliver events to. */ struct eventfd_ctx *ki_eventfd; }; /*------ sysctl variables----*/ static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(aio_nr_lock); unsigned long aio_nr; /* current system wide number of aio requests */ unsigned long aio_max_nr = 0x10000; /* system wide maximum number of aio requests */ /*----end sysctl variables---*/ static struct kmem_cache *kiocb_cachep; static struct kmem_cache *kioctx_cachep; static struct vfsmount *aio_mnt; static const struct file_operations aio_ring_fops; static const struct address_space_operations aio_ctx_aops; static struct file *aio_private_file(struct kioctx *ctx, loff_t nr_pages) { struct file *file; struct inode *inode = alloc_anon_inode(aio_mnt->mnt_sb); if (IS_ERR(inode)) return ERR_CAST(inode); inode->i_mapping->a_ops = &aio_ctx_aops; inode->i_mapping->private_data = ctx; inode->i_size = PAGE_SIZE * nr_pages; file = alloc_file_pseudo(inode, aio_mnt, "[aio]", O_RDWR, &aio_ring_fops); if (IS_ERR(file)) iput(inode); return file; } static int aio_init_fs_context(struct fs_context *fc) { if (!init_pseudo(fc, AIO_RING_MAGIC)) return -ENOMEM; fc->s_iflags |= SB_I_NOEXEC; return 0; } /* aio_setup * Creates the slab caches used by the aio routines, panic on * failure as this is done early during the boot sequence. */ static int __init aio_setup(void) { static struct file_system_type aio_fs = { .name = "aio", .init_fs_context = aio_init_fs_context, .kill_sb = kill_anon_super, }; aio_mnt = kern_mount(&aio_fs); if (IS_ERR(aio_mnt)) panic("Failed to create aio fs mount."); kiocb_cachep = KMEM_CACHE(aio_kiocb, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC); kioctx_cachep = KMEM_CACHE(kioctx,SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC); return 0; } __initcall(aio_setup); static void put_aio_ring_file(struct kioctx *ctx) { struct file *aio_ring_file = ctx->aio_ring_file; struct address_space *i_mapping; if (aio_ring_file) { truncate_setsize(file_inode(aio_ring_file), 0); /* Prevent further access to the kioctx from migratepages */ i_mapping = aio_ring_file->f_mapping; spin_lock(&i_mapping->private_lock); i_mapping->private_data = NULL; ctx->aio_ring_file = NULL; spin_unlock(&i_mapping->private_lock); fput(aio_ring_file); } } static void aio_free_ring(struct kioctx *ctx) { int i; /* Disconnect the kiotx from the ring file. This prevents future * accesses to the kioctx from page migration. */ put_aio_ring_file(ctx); for (i = 0; i < ctx->nr_pages; i++) { struct page *page; pr_debug("pid(%d) [%d] page->count=%d\n", current->pid, i, page_count(ctx->ring_pages[i])); page = ctx->ring_pages[i]; if (!page) continue; ctx->ring_pages[i] = NULL; put_page(page); } if (ctx->ring_pages && ctx->ring_pages != ctx->internal_pages) { kfree(ctx->ring_pages); ctx->ring_pages = NULL; } } static int aio_ring_mremap(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct file *file = vma->vm_file; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; struct kioctx_table *table; int i, res = -EINVAL; spin_lock(&mm->ioctx_lock); rcu_read_lock(); table = rcu_dereference(mm->ioctx_table); for (i = 0; i < table->nr; i++) { struct kioctx *ctx; ctx = rcu_dereference(table->ta