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This doesn't guarantee that the associated address space * will still exist later on and mmget_not_zero() has to be used before * accessing it. * * This is a preferred way to pin @mm for a longer/unbounded amount * of time. * * Use mmdrop() to release the reference acquired by mmgrab(). * * See also <Documentation/vm/active_mm.rst> for an in-depth explanation * of &mm_struct.mm_count vs &mm_struct.mm_users. */ static inline void mmgrab(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_inc(&mm->mm_count); } extern void __mmdrop(struct mm_struct *mm); static inline void mmdrop(struct mm_struct *mm) { /* * The implicit full barrier implied by atomic_dec_and_test() is * required by the membarrier system call before returning to * user-space, after storing to rq->curr. */ if (unlikely(atomic_dec_and_test(&mm->mm_count))) __mmdrop(mm); } /** * mmget() - Pin the address space associated with a &struct mm_struct. * @mm: The address space to pin. * * Make sure that the address space of the given &struct mm_struct doesn't * go away. This does not protect against parts of the address space being * modified or freed, however. * * Never use this function to pin this address space for an * unbounded/indefinite amount of time. * * Use mmput() to release the reference acquired by mmget(). * * See also <Documentation/vm/active_mm.rst> for an in-depth explanation * of &mm_struct.mm_count vs &mm_struct.mm_users. */ static inline void mmget(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_inc(&mm->mm_users); } static inline bool mmget_not_zero(struct mm_struct *mm) { return atomic_inc_not_zero(&mm->mm_users); } /* mmput gets rid of the mappings and all user-space */ extern void mmput(struct mm_struct *); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU /* same as above but performs the slow path from the async context. Can * be called from the atomic context as well */ void mmput_async(struct mm_struct *); #endif /* Grab a reference to a task's mm, if it is not already going away */ extern struct mm_struct *get_task_mm(struct task_struct *task); /* * Grab a reference to a task's mm, if it is not already going away * and ptrace_may_access with the mode parameter passed to it * succeeds. */ extern struct mm_struct *mm_access(struct task_struct *task, unsigned int mode); /* Remove the current tasks stale references to the old mm_struct on exit() */ extern void exit_mm_release(struct task_struct *, struct mm_struct *); /* Remove the current tasks stale references to the old mm_struct on exec() */ extern void exec_mm_release(struct task_struct *, struct mm_struct *); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG extern void mm_update_next_owner(struct mm_struct *mm); #else static inline void mm_update_next_owner(struct mm_struct *mm) { } #endif /* CONFIG_MEMCG */ #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern void arch_pick_mmap_layout(struct mm_struct *mm, struct rlimit *rlim_stack); extern unsigned long arch_get_unmapped_area(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern unsigned long arch_get_unmapped_area_topdown(struct file *filp, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long flags); #else static inline void arch_pick_mmap_layout(struct mm_struct *mm, struct rlimit *rlim_stack) {} #endif static inline bool in_vfork(struct task_struct *tsk) { bool ret; /* * need RCU to access ->real_parent if CLONE_VM was used along with * CLONE_PARENT. * * We check real_parent->mm == tsk->mm because CLONE_VFORK does not * imply CLONE_VM * * CLONE_VFORK can be used with CLONE_PARENT/CLONE_THREAD and thus * ->real_parent is not necessarily the task doing vfork(), so in * theory we can't rely on task_lock() if we want to dereference it. * * And in this case we can't trust the real_parent->mm == tsk->mm * check, it can be false negative. But we do not care, if init or * another oom-unkillable task does this it should blame itself. */ rcu_read_lock(); ret = tsk->vfork_done && rcu_dereference(tsk->real_parent)->mm == tsk->mm; rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } /* * Applies per-task gfp context to the given allocation flags. * PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO implies GFP_NOIO * PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS implies GFP_NOFS */ static inline gfp_t current_gfp_context(gfp_t flags) { unsigned int pflags = READ_ONCE(current->flags); if (unlikely(pflags & (PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO | PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS))) { /* * NOIO implies both NOIO and NOFS and it is a weaker context * so always make sure it makes precedence */ if (pflags & PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO) flags &= ~(__GFP_IO | __GFP_FS); else if (pflags & PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS) flags &= ~__GFP_FS; } return flags; } #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP extern void __fs_reclaim_acquire(void); extern void __fs_reclaim_release(void); extern void fs_reclaim_acquire(gfp_t gfp_mask); extern void fs_reclaim_release(gfp_t gfp_mask); #else static inline void __fs_reclaim_acquire(void) { } static inline void __fs_reclaim_release(void) { } static inline void fs_reclaim_acquire(gfp_t gfp_mask) { } static inline void fs_reclaim_release(gfp_t gfp_mask) { } #endif /** * memalloc_noio_save - Marks implicit GFP_NOIO allocation scope. * * This functions marks the beginning of the GFP_NOIO allocation scope. * All further allocations will implicitly drop __GFP_IO flag and so * they are safe for the IO critical section from the allocation recursion * point of view. Use memalloc_noio_restore to end the scope with flags * returned by this function. * * This function is safe to be used from any context. */ static inline unsigned int memalloc_noio_save(void) { unsigned int flags = current->flags & PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO; current->flags |= PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO; return flags; } /** * memalloc_noio_restore - Ends the implicit GFP_NOIO scope. * @flags: Flags to restore. * * Ends the implicit GFP_NOIO scope started by memalloc_noio_save function. * Always make sure that the given flags is the return value from the * pairing memalloc_noio_save call. */ static inline void memalloc_noio_restore(unsigned int flags) { current->flags = (current->flags & ~PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO) | flags; } /** * memalloc_nofs_save - Marks implicit GFP_NOFS allocation scope. * * This functions marks the beginning of the GFP_NOFS allocation scope. * All further allocations will implicitly drop __GFP_FS flag and so * they are safe for the FS critical section from the allocation recursion * point of view. Use memalloc_nofs_restore to end the scope with flags * returned by this function. * * This function is safe to be used from any context. */ static inline unsigned int memalloc_nofs_save(void) { unsigned int flags = current->flags & PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS; current->flags |= PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS; return flags; } /** * memalloc_nofs_restore - Ends the implicit GFP_NOFS scope. * @flags: Flags to restore. * * Ends the implicit GFP_NOFS scope started by memalloc_nofs_save function. * Always make sure that the given flags is the return value from the * pairing memalloc_nofs_save call. */ static inline void memalloc_nofs_restore(unsigned int flags) { current->flags = (current->flags & ~PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS) | flags; } static inline unsigned int memalloc_noreclaim_save(void) { unsigned int flags = current->flags & PF_MEMALLOC; current->flags |= PF_MEMALLOC; return flags; } static inline void memalloc_noreclaim_restore(unsigned int flags) { current->flags = (current->flags & ~PF_MEMALLOC) | flags; } #ifdef CONFIG_CMA static inline unsigned int memalloc_nocma_save(void) { unsigned int flags = current->flags & PF_MEMALLOC_NOCMA; current->flags |= PF_MEMALLOC_NOCMA; return flags; } static inline void memalloc_nocma_restore(unsigned int flags) { current->flags = (current->flags & ~PF_MEMALLOC_NOCMA) | flags; } #else static inline unsigned int memalloc_nocma_save(void) { return 0; } static inline void memalloc_nocma_restore(unsigned int flags) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct mem_cgroup *, int_active_memcg); /** * set_active_memcg - Starts the remote memcg charging scope. * @memcg: memcg to charge. * * This function marks the beginning of the remote memcg charging scope. All the * __GFP_ACCOUNT allocations till the end of the scope will be charged to the * given memcg. * * NOTE: This function can nest. Users must save the return value and * reset the previous value after their own charging scope is over. */ static inline struct mem_cgroup * set_active_memcg(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { struct mem_cgroup *old; if (in_interrupt()) { old = this_cpu_read(int_active_memcg); this_cpu_write(int_active_memcg, memcg); } else { old = current->active_memcg; current->active_memcg = memcg; } return old; } #else static inline struct mem_cgroup * set_active_memcg(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { return NULL; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMBARRIER enum { MEMBARRIER_STATE_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED_READY = (1U << 0), MEMBARRIER_STATE_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED = (1U << 1), MEMBARRIER_STATE_GLOBAL_EXPEDITED_READY = (1U << 2), MEMBARRIER_STATE_GLOBAL_EXPEDITED = (1U << 3), MEMBARRIER_STATE_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED_SYNC_CORE_READY = (1U << 4), MEMBARRIER_STATE_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED_SYNC_CORE = (1U << 5), MEMBARRIER_STATE_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED_RSEQ_READY = (1U << 6), MEMBARRIER_STATE_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED_RSEQ = (1U << 7), }; enum { MEMBARRIER_FLAG_SYNC_CORE = (1U << 0), MEMBARRIER_FLAG_RSEQ = (1U << 1), }; #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_MEMBARRIER_CALLBACKS #include <asm/membarrier.h> #endif static inline void membarrier_mm_sync_core_before_usermode(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (current->mm != mm) return; if (likely(!(atomic_read(&mm->membarrier_state) & MEMBARRIER_STATE_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED_SYNC_CORE))) return; sync_core_before_usermode(); } extern void membarrier_exec_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm); #else #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_MEMBARRIER_CALLBACKS static inline void membarrier_arch_switch_mm(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next, struct task_struct *tsk) { } #endif static inline void membarrier_exec_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm) { } static inline void membarrier_mm_sync_core_before_usermode(struct mm_struct *mm) { } #endif #endif /* _LINUX_SCHED_MM_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds * Copyright (C) 2000, 2001, 2002 Andi Kleen, SuSE Labs */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_STACKTRACE_H #define _ASM_X86_STACKTRACE_H #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <asm/cpu_entry_area.h> #include <asm/switch_to.h> enum stack_type { STACK_TYPE_UNKNOWN, STACK_TYPE_TASK, STACK_TYPE_IRQ, STACK_TYPE_SOFTIRQ, STACK_TYPE_ENTRY, STACK_TYPE_EXCEPTION, STACK_TYPE_EXCEPTION_LAST = STACK_TYPE_EXCEPTION + N_EXCEPTION_STACKS-1, }; struct stack_info { enum stack_type type; unsigned long *begin, *end, *next_sp; }; bool in_task_stack(unsigned long *stack, struct task_struct *task, struct stack_info *info); bool in_entry_stack(unsigned long *stack, struct stack_info *info); int get_stack_info(unsigned long *stack, struct task_struct *task, struct stack_info *info, unsigned long *visit_mask); bool get_stack_info_noinstr(unsigned long *stack, struct task_struct *task, struct stack_info *info); const char *stack_type_name(enum stack_type type); static inline bool on_stack(struct stack_info *info, void *addr, size_t len) { void *begin = info->begin; void *end = info->end; return (info->type != STACK_TYPE_UNKNOWN && addr >= begin && addr < end && addr + len > begin && addr + len <= end); } #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 #define STACKSLOTS_PER_LINE 8 #else #define STACKSLOTS_PER_LINE 4 #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER static inline unsigned long * get_frame_pointer(struct task_struct *task, struct pt_regs *regs) { if (regs) return (unsigned long *)regs->bp; if (task == current) return __builtin_frame_address(0); return &((struct inactive_task_frame *)task->thread.sp)->bp; } #else static inline unsigned long * get_frame_pointer(struct task_struct *task, struct pt_regs *regs) { return NULL; } #endif /* CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER */ static inline unsigned long * get_stack_pointer(struct task_struct *task, struct pt_regs *regs) { if (regs) return (unsigned long *)regs->sp; if (task == current) return __builtin_frame_address(0); return (unsigned long *)task->thread.sp; } void show_trace_log_lvl(struct task_struct *task, struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long *stack, const char *log_lvl); /* The form of the top of the frame on the stack */ struct stack_frame { struct stack_frame *next_frame; unsigned long return_address; }; struct stack_frame_ia32 { u32 next_frame; u32 return_address; }; void show_opcodes(struct pt_regs *regs, const char *loglvl); void show_ip(struct pt_regs *regs, const char *loglvl); #endif /* _ASM_X86_STACKTRACE_H */
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3378 3379 3380 3381 3382 3383 3384 3385 3386 3387 3388 3389 3390 3391 3392 3393 3394 3395 3396 3397 3398 3399 3400 3401 3402 3403 3404 3405 3406 3407 3408 3409 3410 3411 3412 3413 3414 3415 3416 3417 3418 3419 3420 3421 3422 3423 3424 3425 3426 3427 3428 3429 3430 3431 3432 3433 3434 3435 3436 3437 3438 3439 3440 3441 3442 3443 3444 3445 3446 3447 3448 3449 3450 3451 3452 3453 3454 3455 3456 3457 3458 3459 3460 3461 3462 3463 3464 3465 3466 3467 3468 3469 3470 3471 3472 3473 3474 3475 3476 3477 3478 3479 3480 3481 3482 3483 3484 3485 3486 3487 3488 3489 3490 3491 3492 3493 3494 3495 3496 3497 3498 3499 3500 3501 3502 3503 3504 3505 3506 3507 3508 3509 3510 3511 3512 3513 3514 3515 3516 3517 3518 3519 3520 3521 3522 3523 3524 3525 3526 3527 3528 3529 3530 3531 3532 3533 3534 3535 3536 3537 3538 3539 3540 3541 3542 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/lib/vsprintf.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds */ /* vsprintf.c -- Lars Wirzenius & Linus Torvalds. */ /* * Wirzenius wrote this portably, Torvalds fucked it up :-) */ /* * Fri Jul 13 2001 Crutcher Dunnavant <crutcher+kernel@datastacks.com> * - changed to provide snprintf and vsnprintf functions * So Feb 1 16:51:32 CET 2004 Juergen Quade <quade@hsnr.de> * - scnprintf and vscnprintf */ #include <stdarg.h> #include <linux/build_bug.h> #include <linux/clk.h> #include <linux/clk-provider.h> #include <linux/errname.h> #include <linux/module.h> /* for KSYM_SYMBOL_LEN */ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/ctype.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/kallsyms.h> #include <linux/math64.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/ioport.h> #include <linux/dcache.h> #include <linux/cred.h> #include <linux/rtc.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/uuid.h> #include <linux/of.h> #include <net/addrconf.h> #include <linux/siphash.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/property.h> #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK #include <linux/blkdev.h> #endif #include "../mm/internal.h" /* For the trace_print_flags arrays */ #include <asm/page.h> /* for PAGE_SIZE */ #include <asm/byteorder.h> /* cpu_to_le16 */ #include <linux/string_helpers.h> #include "kstrtox.h" static unsigned long long simple_strntoull(const char *startp, size_t max_chars, char **endp, unsigned int base) { const char *cp; unsigned long long result = 0ULL; size_t prefix_chars; unsigned int rv; cp = _parse_integer_fixup_radix(startp, &base); prefix_chars = cp - startp; if (prefix_chars < max_chars) { rv = _parse_integer_limit(cp, base, &result, max_chars - prefix_chars); /* FIXME */ cp += (rv & ~KSTRTOX_OVERFLOW); } else { /* Field too short for prefix + digit, skip over without converting */ cp = startp + max_chars; } if (endp) *endp = (char *)cp; return result; } /** * simple_strtoull - convert a string to an unsigned long long * @cp: The start of the string * @endp: A pointer to the end of the parsed string will be placed here * @base: The number base to use * * This function has caveats. Please use kstrtoull instead. */ unsigned long long simple_strtoull(const char *cp, char **endp, unsigned int base) { return simple_strntoull(cp, INT_MAX, endp, base); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_strtoull); /** * simple_strtoul - convert a string to an unsigned long * @cp: The start of the string * @endp: A pointer to the end of the parsed string will be placed here * @base: The number base to use * * This function has caveats. Please use kstrtoul instead. */ unsigned long simple_strtoul(const char *cp, char **endp, unsigned int base) { return simple_strtoull(cp, endp, base); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_strtoul); /** * simple_strtol - convert a string to a signed long * @cp: The start of the string * @endp: A pointer to the end of the parsed string will be placed here * @base: The number base to use * * This function has caveats. Please use kstrtol instead. */ long simple_strtol(const char *cp, char **endp, unsigned int base) { if (*cp == '-') return -simple_strtoul(cp + 1, endp, base); return simple_strtoul(cp, endp, base); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_strtol); static long long simple_strntoll(const char *cp, size_t max_chars, char **endp, unsigned int base) { /* * simple_strntoull() safely handles receiving max_chars==0 in the * case cp[0] == '-' && max_chars == 1. * If max_chars == 0 we can drop through and pass it to simple_strntoull() * and the content of *cp is irrelevant. */ if (*cp == '-' && max_chars > 0) return -simple_strntoull(cp + 1, max_chars - 1, endp, base); return simple_strntoull(cp, max_chars, endp, base); } /** * simple_strtoll - convert a string to a signed long long * @cp: The start of the string * @endp: A pointer to the end of the parsed string will be placed here * @base: The number base to use * * This function has caveats. Please use kstrtoll instead. */ long long simple_strtoll(const char *cp, char **endp, unsigned int base) { return simple_strntoll(cp, INT_MAX, endp, base); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_strtoll); static noinline_for_stack int skip_atoi(const char **s) { int i = 0; do { i = i*10 + *((*s)++) - '0'; } while (isdigit(**s)); return i; } /* * Decimal conversion is by far the most typical, and is used for * /proc and /sys data. This directly impacts e.g. top performance * with many processes running. We optimize it for speed by emitting * two characters at a time, using a 200 byte lookup table. This * roughly halves the number of multiplications compared to computing * the digits one at a time. Implementation strongly inspired by the * previous version, which in turn used ideas described at * <http://www.cs.uiowa.edu/~jones/bcd/divide.html> (with permission * from the author, Douglas W. Jones). * * It turns out there is precisely one 26 bit fixed-point * approximation a of 64/100 for which x/100 == (x * (u64)a) >> 32 * holds for all x in [0, 10^8-1], namely a = 0x28f5c29. The actual * range happens to be somewhat larger (x <= 1073741898), but that's * irrelevant for our purpose. * * For dividing a number in the range [10^4, 10^6-1] by 100, we still * need a 32x32->64 bit multiply, so we simply use the same constant. * * For dividing a number in the range [100, 10^4-1] by 100, there are * several options. The simplest is (x * 0x147b) >> 19, which is valid * for all x <= 43698. */ static const u16 decpair[100] = { #define _(x) (__force u16) cpu_to_le16(((x % 10) | ((x / 10) << 8)) + 0x3030) _( 0), _( 1), _( 2), _( 3), _( 4), _( 5), _( 6), _( 7), _( 8), _( 9), _(10), _(11), _(12), _(13), _(14), _(15), _(16), _(17), _(18), _(19), _(20), _(21), _(22), _(23), _(24), _(25), _(26), _(27), _(28), _(29), _(30), _(31), _(32), _(33), _(34), _(35), _(36), _(37), _(38), _(39), _(40), _(41), _(42), _(43), _(44), _(45), _(46), _(47), _(48), _(49), _(50), _(51), _(52), _(53), _(54), _(55), _(56), _(57), _(58), _(59), _(60), _(61), _(62), _(63), _(64), _(65), _(66), _(67), _(68), _(69), _(70), _(71), _(72), _(73), _(74), _(75), _(76), _(77), _(78), _(79), _(80), _(81), _(82), _(83), _(84), _(85), _(86), _(87), _(88), _(89), _(90), _(91), _(92), _(93), _(94), _(95), _(96), _(97), _(98), _(99), #undef _ }; /* * This will print a single '0' even if r == 0, since we would * immediately jump to out_r where two 0s would be written but only * one of them accounted for in buf. This is needed by ip4_string * below. All other callers pass a non-zero value of r. */ static noinline_for_stack char *put_dec_trunc8(char *buf, unsigned r) { unsigned q; /* 1 <= r < 10^8 */ if (r < 100) goto out_r; /* 100 <= r < 10^8 */ q = (r * (u64)0x28f5c29) >> 32; *((u16 *)buf) = decpair[r - 100*q]; buf += 2; /* 1 <= q < 10^6 */ if (q < 100) goto out_q; /* 100 <= q < 10^6 */ r = (q * (u64)0x28f5c29) >> 32; *((u16 *)buf) = decpair[q - 100*r]; buf += 2; /* 1 <= r < 10^4 */ if (r < 100) goto out_r; /* 100 <= r < 10^4 */ q = (r * 0x147b) >> 19; *((u16 *)buf) = decpair[r - 100*q]; buf += 2; out_q: /* 1 <= q < 100 */ r = q; out_r: /* 1 <= r < 100 */ *((u16 *)buf) = decpair[r]; buf += r < 10 ? 1 : 2; return buf; } #if BITS_PER_LONG == 64 && BITS_PER_LONG_LONG == 64 static noinline_for_stack char *put_dec_full8(char *buf, unsigned r) { unsigned q; /* 0 <= r < 10^8 */ q = (r * (u64)0x28f5c29) >> 32; *((u16 *)buf) = decpair[r - 100*q]; buf += 2; /* 0 <= q < 10^6 */ r = (q * (u64)0x28f5c29) >> 32; *((u16 *)buf) = decpair[q - 100*r]; buf += 2; /* 0 <= r < 10^4 */ q = (r * 0x147b) >> 19; *((u16 *)buf) = decpair[r - 100*q]; buf += 2; /* 0 <= q < 100 */ *((u16 *)buf) = decpair[q]; buf += 2; return buf; } static noinline_for_stack char *put_dec(char *buf, unsigned long long n) { if (n >= 100*1000*1000) buf = put_dec_full8(buf, do_div(n, 100*1000*1000)); /* 1 <= n <= 1.6e11 */ if (n >= 100*1000*1000) buf = put_dec_full8(buf, do_div(n, 100*1000*1000)); /* 1 <= n < 1e8 */ return put_dec_trunc8(buf, n); } #elif BITS_PER_LONG == 32 && BITS_PER_LONG_LONG == 64 static void put_dec_full4(char *buf, unsigned r) { unsigned q; /* 0 <= r < 10^4 */ q = (r * 0x147b) >> 19; *((u16 *)buf) = decpair[r - 100*q]; buf += 2; /* 0 <= q < 100 */ *((u16 *)buf) = decpair[q]; } /* * Call put_dec_full4 on x % 10000, return x / 10000. * The approximation x/10000 == (x * 0x346DC5D7) >> 43 * holds for all x < 1,128,869,999. The largest value this * helper will ever be asked to convert is 1,125,520,955. * (second call in the put_dec code, assuming n is all-ones). */ static noinline_for_stack unsigned put_dec_helper4(char *buf, unsigned x) { uint32_t q = (x * (uint64_t)0x346DC5D7) >> 43; put_dec_full4(buf, x - q * 10000); return q; } /* Based on code by Douglas W. Jones found at * <http://www.cs.uiowa.edu/~jones/bcd/decimal.html#sixtyfour> * (with permission from the author). * Performs no 64-bit division and hence should be fast on 32-bit machines. */ static char *put_dec(char *buf, unsigned long long n) { uint32_t d3, d2, d1, q, h; if (n < 100*1000*1000) return put_dec_trunc8(buf, n); d1 = ((uint32_t)n >> 16); /* implicit "& 0xffff" */ h = (n >> 32); d2 = (h ) & 0xffff; d3 = (h >> 16); /* implicit "& 0xffff" */ /* n = 2^48 d3 + 2^32 d2 + 2^16 d1 + d0 = 281_4749_7671_0656 d3 + 42_9496_7296 d2 + 6_5536 d1 + d0 */ q = 656 * d3 + 7296 * d2 + 5536 * d1 + ((uint32_t)n & 0xffff); q = put_dec_helper4(buf, q); q += 7671 * d3 + 9496 * d2 + 6 * d1; q = put_dec_helper4(buf+4, q); q += 4749 * d3 + 42 * d2; q = put_dec_helper4(buf+8, q); q += 281 * d3; buf += 12; if (q) buf = put_dec_trunc8(buf, q); else while (buf[-1] == '0') --buf; return buf; } #endif /* * Convert passed number to decimal string. * Returns the length of string. On buffer overflow, returns 0. * * If speed is not important, use snprintf(). It's easy to read the code. */ int num_to_str(char *buf, int size, unsigned long long num, unsigned int width) { /* put_dec requires 2-byte alignment of the buffer. */ char tmp[sizeof(num) * 3] __aligned(2); int idx, len; /* put_dec() may work incorrectly for num = 0 (generate "", not "0") */ if (num <= 9) { tmp[0] = '0' + num; len = 1; } else { len = put_dec(tmp, num) - tmp; } if (len > size || width > size) return 0; if (width > len) { width = width - len; for (idx = 0; idx < width; idx++) buf[idx] = ' '; } else { width = 0; } for (idx = 0; idx < len; ++idx) buf[idx + width] = tmp[len - idx - 1]; return len + width; } #define SIGN 1 /* unsigned/signed, must be 1 */ #define LEFT 2 /* left justified */ #define PLUS 4 /* show plus */ #define SPACE 8 /* space if plus */ #define ZEROPAD 16 /* pad with zero, must be 16 == '0' - ' ' */ #define SMALL 32 /* use lowercase in hex (must be 32 == 0x20) */ #define SPECIAL 64 /* prefix hex with "0x", octal with "0" */ static_assert(ZEROPAD == ('0' - ' ')); static_assert(SMALL == ' '); enum format_type { FORMAT_TYPE_NONE, /* Just a string part */ FORMAT_TYPE_WIDTH, FORMAT_TYPE_PRECISION, FORMAT_TYPE_CHAR, FORMAT_TYPE_STR, FORMAT_TYPE_PTR, FORMAT_TYPE_PERCENT_CHAR, FORMAT_TYPE_INVALID, FORMAT_TYPE_LONG_LONG, FORMAT_TYPE_ULONG, FORMAT_TYPE_LONG, FORMAT_TYPE_UBYTE, FORMAT_TYPE_BYTE, FORMAT_TYPE_USHORT, FORMAT_TYPE_SHORT, FORMAT_TYPE_UINT, FORMAT_TYPE_INT, FORMAT_TYPE_SIZE_T, FORMAT_TYPE_PTRDIFF }; struct printf_spec { unsigned int type:8; /* format_type enum */ signed int field_width:24; /* width of output field */ unsigned int flags:8; /* flags to number() */ unsigned int base:8; /* number base, 8, 10 or 16 only */ signed int precision:16; /* # of digits/chars */ } __packed; static_assert(sizeof(struct printf_spec) == 8); #define FIELD_WIDTH_MAX ((1 << 23) - 1) #define PRECISION_MAX ((1 << 15) - 1) static noinline_for_stack char *number(char *buf, char *end, unsigned long long num, struct printf_spec spec) { /* put_dec requires 2-byte alignment of the buffer. */ char tmp[3 * sizeof(num)] __aligned(2); char sign; char locase; int need_pfx = ((spec.flags & SPECIAL) && spec.base != 10); int i; bool is_zero = num == 0LL; int field_width = spec.field_width; int precision = spec.precision; /* locase = 0 or 0x20. ORing digits or letters with 'locase' * produces same digits or (maybe lowercased) letters */ locase = (spec.flags & SMALL); if (spec.flags & LEFT) spec.flags &= ~ZEROPAD; sign = 0; if (spec.flags & SIGN) { if ((signed long long)num < 0) { sign = '-'; num = -(signed long long)num; field_width--; } else if (spec.flags & PLUS) { sign = '+'; field_width--; } else if (spec.flags & SPACE) { sign = ' '; field_width--; } } if (need_pfx) { if (spec.base == 16) field_width -= 2; else if (!is_zero) field_width--; } /* generate full string in tmp[], in reverse order */ i = 0; if (num < spec.base) tmp[i++] = hex_asc_upper[num] | locase; else if (spec.base != 10) { /* 8 or 16 */ int mask = spec.base - 1; int shift = 3; if (spec.base == 16) shift = 4; do { tmp[i++] = (hex_asc_upper[((unsigned char)num) & mask] | locase); num >>= shift; } while (num); } else { /* base 10 */ i = put_dec(tmp, num) - tmp; } /* printing 100 using %2d gives "100", not "00" */ if (i > precision) precision = i; /* leading space padding */ field_width -= precision; if (!(spec.flags & (ZEROPAD | LEFT))) { while (--field_width >= 0) { if (buf < end) *buf = ' '; ++buf; } } /* sign */ if (sign) { if (buf < end) *buf = sign; ++buf; } /* "0x" / "0" prefix */ if (need_pfx) { if (spec.base == 16 || !is_zero) { if (buf < end) *buf = '0'; ++buf; } if (spec.base == 16) { if (buf < end) *buf = ('X' | locase); ++buf; } } /* zero or space padding */ if (!(spec.flags & LEFT)) { char c = ' ' + (spec.flags & ZEROPAD); while (--field_width >= 0) { if (buf < end) *buf = c; ++buf; } } /* hmm even more zero padding? */ while (i <= --precision) { if (buf < end) *buf = '0'; ++buf; } /* actual digits of result */ while (--i >= 0) { if (buf < end) *buf = tmp[i]; ++buf; } /* trailing space padding */ while (--field_width >= 0) { if (buf < end) *buf = ' '; ++buf; } return buf; } static noinline_for_stack char *special_hex_number(char *buf, char *end, unsigned long long num, int size) { struct printf_spec spec; spec.type = FORMAT_TYPE_PTR; spec.field_width = 2 + 2 * size; /* 0x + hex */ spec.flags = SPECIAL | SMALL | ZEROPAD; spec.base = 16; spec.precision = -1; return number(buf, end, num, spec); } static void move_right(char *buf, char *end, unsigned len, unsigned spaces) { size_t size; if (buf >= end) /* nowhere to put anything */ return; size = end - buf; if (size <= spaces) { memset(buf, ' ', size); return; } if (len) { if (len > size - spaces) len = size - spaces; memmove(buf + spaces, buf, len); } memset(buf, ' ', spaces); } /* * Handle field width padding for a string. * @buf: current buffer position * @n: length of string * @end: end of output buffer * @spec: for field width and flags * Returns: new buffer position after padding. */ static noinline_for_stack char *widen_string(char *buf, int n, char *end, struct printf_spec spec) { unsigned spaces; if (likely(n >= spec.field_width)) return buf; /* we want to pad the sucker */ spaces = spec.field_width - n; if (!(spec.flags & LEFT)) { move_right(buf - n, end, n, spaces); return buf + spaces; } while (spaces--) { if (buf < end) *buf = ' '; ++buf; } return buf; } /* Handle string from a well known address. */ static char *string_nocheck(char *buf, char *end, const char *s, struct printf_spec spec) { int len = 0; int lim = spec.precision; while (lim--) { char c = *s++; if (!c) break; if (buf < end) *buf = c; ++buf; ++len; } return widen_string(buf, len, end, spec); } static char *err_ptr(char *buf, char *end, void *ptr, struct printf_spec spec) { int err = PTR_ERR(ptr); const char *sym = errname(err); if (sym) return string_nocheck(buf, end, sym, spec); /* * Somebody passed ERR_PTR(-1234) or some other non-existing * Efoo - or perhaps CONFIG_SYMBOLIC_ERRNAME=n. Fall back to * printing it as its decimal representation. */ spec.flags |= SIGN; spec.base = 10; return number(buf, end, err, spec); } /* Be careful: error messages must fit into the given buffer. */ static char *error_string(char *buf, char *end, const char *s, struct printf_spec spec) { /* * Hard limit to avoid a completely insane messages. It actually * works pretty well because most error messages are in * the many pointer format modifiers. */ if (spec.precision == -1) spec.precision = 2 * sizeof(void *); return string_nocheck(buf, end, s, spec); } /* * Do not call any complex external code here. Nested printk()/vsprintf() * might cause infinite loops. Failures might break printk() and would * be hard to debug. */ static const char *check_pointer_msg(const void *ptr) { if (!ptr) return "(null)"; if ((unsigned long)ptr < PAGE_SIZE || IS_ERR_VALUE(ptr)) return "(efault)"; return NULL; } static int check_pointer(char **buf, char *end, const void *ptr, struct printf_spec spec) { const char *err_msg; err_msg = check_pointer_msg(ptr); if (err_msg) { *buf = error_string(*buf, end, err_msg, spec); return -EFAULT; } return 0; } static noinline_for_stack char *string(char *buf, char *end, const char *s, struct printf_spec spec) { if (check_pointer(&buf, end, s, spec)) return buf; return string_nocheck(buf, end, s, spec); } static char *pointer_string(char *buf, char *end, const void *ptr, struct printf_spec spec) { spec.base = 16; spec.flags |= SMALL; if (spec.field_width == -1) { spec.field_width = 2 * sizeof(ptr); spec.flags |= ZEROPAD; } return number(buf, end, (unsigned long int)ptr, spec); } /* Make pointers available for printing early in the boot sequence. */ static int debug_boot_weak_hash __ro_after_init; static int __init debug_boot_weak_hash_enable(char *str) { debug_boot_weak_hash = 1; pr_info("debug_boot_weak_hash enabled\n"); return 0; } early_param("debug_boot_weak_hash", debug_boot_weak_hash_enable); static DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(not_filled_random_ptr_key); static siphash_key_t ptr_key __read_mostly; static void enable_ptr_key_workfn(struct work_struct *work) { get_random_bytes(&ptr_key, sizeof(ptr_key)); /* Needs to run from preemptible context */ static_branch_disable(&not_filled_random_ptr_key); } static DECLARE_WORK(enable_ptr_key_work, enable_ptr_key_workfn); static void fill_random_ptr_key(struct random_ready_callback *unused) { /* This may be in an interrupt handler. */ queue_work(system_unbound_wq, &enable_ptr_key_work); } static struct random_ready_callback random_ready = { .func = fill_random_ptr_key }; static int __init initialize_ptr_random(void) { int key_size = sizeof(ptr_key); int ret; /* Use hw RNG if available. */ if (get_random_bytes_arch(&ptr_key, key_size) == key_size) { static_branch_disable(&not_filled_random_ptr_key); return 0; } ret = add_random_ready_callback(&random_ready); if (!ret) { return 0; } else if (ret == -EALREADY) { /* This is in preemptible context */ enable_ptr_key_workfn(&enable_ptr_key_work); return 0; } return ret; } early_initcall(initialize_ptr_random); /* Maps a pointer to a 32 bit unique identifier. */ static inline int __ptr_to_hashval(const void *ptr, unsigned long *hashval_out) { unsigned long hashval; if (static_branch_unlikely(&not_filled_random_ptr_key)) return -EAGAIN; #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT hashval = (unsigned long)siphash_1u64((u64)ptr, &ptr_key); /* * Mask off the first 32 bits, this makes explicit that we have * modified the address (and 32 bits is plenty for a unique ID). */ hashval = hashval & 0xffffffff; #else hashval = (unsigned long)siphash_1u32((u32)ptr, &ptr_key); #endif *hashval_out = hashval; return 0; } int ptr_to_hashval(const void *ptr, unsigned long *hashval_out) { return __ptr_to_hashval(ptr, hashval_out); } static char *ptr_to_id(char *buf, char *end, const void *ptr, struct printf_spec spec) { const char *str = sizeof(ptr) == 8 ? "(____ptrval____)" : "(ptrval)"; unsigned long hashval; int ret; /* * Print the real pointer value for NULL and error pointers, * as they are not actual addresses. */ if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(ptr)) return pointer_string(buf, end, ptr, spec); /* When debugging early boot use non-cryptographically secure hash. */ if (unlikely(debug_boot_weak_hash)) { hashval = hash_long((unsigned long)ptr, 32); return pointer_string(buf, end, (const void *)hashval, spec); } ret = __ptr_to_hashval(ptr, &hashval); if (ret) { spec.field_width = 2 * sizeof(ptr); /* string length must be less than default_width */ return error_string(buf, end, str, spec); } return pointer_string(buf, end, (const void *)hashval, spec); } int kptr_restrict __read_mostly; static noinline_for_stack char *restricted_pointer(char *buf, char *end, const void *ptr, struct printf_spec spec) { switch (kptr_restrict) { case 0: /* Handle as %p, hash and do _not_ leak addresses. */ return ptr_to_id(buf, end, ptr, spec); case 1: { const struct cred *cred; /* * kptr_restrict==1 cannot be used in IRQ context * because its test for CAP_SYSLOG would be meaningless. */ if (in_irq() || in_serving_softirq() || in_nmi()) { if (spec.field_width == -1) spec.field_width = 2 * sizeof(ptr); return error_string(buf, end, "pK-error", spec); } /* * Only print the real pointer value if the current * process has CAP_SYSLOG and is running with the * same credentials it started with. This is because * access to files is checked at open() time, but %pK * checks permission at read() time. We don't want to * leak pointer values if a binary opens a file using * %pK and then elevates privileges before reading it. */ cred = current_cred(); if (!has_capability_noaudit(current, CAP_SYSLOG) || !uid_eq(cred->euid, cred->uid) || !gid_eq(cred->egid, cred->gid)) ptr = NULL; break; } case 2: default: /* Always print 0's for %pK */ ptr = NULL; break; } return pointer_string(buf, end, ptr, spec); } static noinline_for_stack char *dentry_name(char *buf, char *end, const struct dentry *d, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { const char *array[4], *s; const struct dentry *p; int depth; int i, n; switch (fmt[1]) { case '2': case '3': case '4': depth = fmt[1] - '0'; break; default: depth = 1; } rcu_read_lock(); for (i = 0; i < depth; i++, d = p) { if (check_pointer(&buf, end, d, spec)) { rcu_read_unlock(); return buf; } p = READ_ONCE(d->d_parent); array[i] = READ_ONCE(d->d_name.name); if (p == d) { if (i) array[i] = ""; i++; break; } } s = array[--i]; for (n = 0; n != spec.precision; n++, buf++) { char c = *s++; if (!c) { if (!i) break; c = '/'; s = array[--i]; } if (buf < end) *buf = c; } rcu_read_unlock(); return widen_string(buf, n, end, spec); } static noinline_for_stack char *file_dentry_name(char *buf, char *end, const struct file *f, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { if (check_pointer(&buf, end, f, spec)) return buf; return dentry_name(buf, end, f->f_path.dentry, spec, fmt); } #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK static noinline_for_stack char *bdev_name(char *buf, char *end, struct block_device *bdev, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { struct gendisk *hd; if (check_pointer(&buf, end, bdev, spec)) return buf; hd = bdev->bd_disk; buf = string(buf, end, hd->disk_name, spec); if (bdev->bd_partno) { if (isdigit(hd->disk_name[strlen(hd->disk_name)-1])) { if (buf < end) *buf = 'p'; buf++; } buf = number(buf, end, bdev->bd_partno, spec); } return buf; } #endif static noinline_for_stack char *symbol_string(char *buf, char *end, void *ptr, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { unsigned long value; #ifdef CONFIG_KALLSYMS char sym[KSYM_SYMBOL_LEN]; #endif if (fmt[1] == 'R') ptr = __builtin_extract_return_addr(ptr); value = (unsigned long)ptr; #ifdef CONFIG_KALLSYMS if (*fmt == 'B') sprint_backtrace(sym, value); else if (*fmt != 's') sprint_symbol(sym, value); else sprint_symbol_no_offset(sym, value); return string_nocheck(buf, end, sym, spec); #else return special_hex_number(buf, end, value, sizeof(void *)); #endif } static const struct printf_spec default_str_spec = { .field_width = -1, .precision = -1, }; static const struct printf_spec default_flag_spec = { .base = 16, .precision = -1, .flags = SPECIAL | SMALL, }; static const struct printf_spec default_dec_spec = { .base = 10, .precision = -1, }; static const struct printf_spec default_dec02_spec = { .base = 10, .field_width = 2, .precision = -1, .flags = ZEROPAD, }; static const struct printf_spec default_dec04_spec = { .base = 10, .field_width = 4, .precision = -1, .flags = ZEROPAD, }; static noinline_for_stack char *resource_string(char *buf, char *end, struct resource *res, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { #ifndef IO_RSRC_PRINTK_SIZE #define IO_RSRC_PRINTK_SIZE 6 #endif #ifndef MEM_RSRC_PRINTK_SIZE #define MEM_RSRC_PRINTK_SIZE 10 #endif static const struct printf_spec io_spec = { .base = 16, .field_width = IO_RSRC_PRINTK_SIZE, .precision = -1, .flags = SPECIAL | SMALL | ZEROPAD, }; static const struct printf_spec mem_spec = { .base = 16, .field_width = MEM_RSRC_PRINTK_SIZE, .precision = -1, .flags = SPECIAL | SMALL | ZEROPAD, }; static const struct printf_spec bus_spec = { .base = 16, .field_width = 2, .precision = -1, .flags = SMALL | ZEROPAD, }; static const struct printf_spec str_spec = { .field_width = -1, .precision = 10, .flags = LEFT, }; /* 32-bit res (sizeof==4): 10 chars in dec, 10 in hex ("0x" + 8) * 64-bit res (sizeof==8): 20 chars in dec, 18 in hex ("0x" + 16) */ #define RSRC_BUF_SIZE ((2 * sizeof(resource_size_t)) + 4) #define FLAG_BUF_SIZE (2 * sizeof(res->flags)) #define DECODED_BUF_SIZE sizeof("[mem - 64bit pref window disabled]") #define RAW_BUF_SIZE sizeof("[mem - flags 0x]") char sym[max(2*RSRC_BUF_SIZE + DECODED_BUF_SIZE, 2*RSRC_BUF_SIZE + FLAG_BUF_SIZE + RAW_BUF_SIZE)]; char *p = sym, *pend = sym + sizeof(sym); int decode = (fmt[0] == 'R') ? 1 : 0; const struct printf_spec *specp; if (check_pointer(&buf, end, res, spec)) return buf; *p++ = '['; if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_IO) { p = string_nocheck(p, pend, "io ", str_spec); specp = &io_spec; } else if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_MEM) { p = string_nocheck(p, pend, "mem ", str_spec); specp = &mem_spec; } else if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_IRQ) { p = string_nocheck(p, pend, "irq ", str_spec); specp = &default_dec_spec; } else if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_DMA) { p = string_nocheck(p, pend, "dma ", str_spec); specp = &default_dec_spec; } else if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_BUS) { p = string_nocheck(p, pend, "bus ", str_spec); specp = &bus_spec; } else { p = string_nocheck(p, pend, "??? ", str_spec); specp = &mem_spec; decode = 0; } if (decode && res->flags & IORESOURCE_UNSET) { p = string_nocheck(p, pend, "size ", str_spec); p = number(p, pend, resource_size(res), *specp); } else { p = number(p, pend, res->start, *specp); if (res->start != res->end) { *p++ = '-'; p = number(p, pend, res->end, *specp); } } if (decode) { if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_MEM_64) p = string_nocheck(p, pend, " 64bit", str_spec); if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_PREFETCH) p = string_nocheck(p, pend, " pref", str_spec); if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_WINDOW) p = string_nocheck(p, pend, " window", str_spec); if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_DISABLED) p = string_nocheck(p, pend, " disabled", str_spec); } else { p = string_nocheck(p, pend, " flags ", str_spec); p = number(p, pend, res->flags, default_flag_spec); } *p++ = ']'; *p = '\0'; return string_nocheck(buf, end, sym, spec); } static noinline_for_stack char *hex_string(char *buf, char *end, u8 *addr, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { int i, len = 1; /* if we pass '%ph[CDN]', field width remains negative value, fallback to the default */ char separator; if (spec.field_width == 0) /* nothing to print */ return buf; if (check_pointer(&buf, end, addr, spec)) return buf; switch (fmt[1]) { case 'C': separator = ':'; break; case 'D': separator = '-'; break; case 'N': separator = 0; break; default: separator = ' '; break; } if (spec.field_width > 0) len = min_t(int, spec.field_width, 64); for (i = 0; i < len; ++i) { if (buf < end) *buf = hex_asc_hi(addr[i]); ++buf; if (buf < end) *buf = hex_asc_lo(addr[i]); ++buf; if (separator && i != len - 1) { if (buf < end) *buf = separator; ++buf; } } return buf; } static noinline_for_stack char *bitmap_string(char *buf, char *end, unsigned long *bitmap, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { const int CHUNKSZ = 32; int nr_bits = max_t(int, spec.field_width, 0); int i, chunksz; bool first = true; if (check_pointer(&buf, end, bitmap, spec)) return buf; /* reused to print numbers */ spec = (struct printf_spec){ .flags = SMALL | ZEROPAD, .base = 16 }; chunksz = nr_bits & (CHUNKSZ - 1); if (chunksz == 0) chunksz = CHUNKSZ; i = ALIGN(nr_bits, CHUNKSZ) - CHUNKSZ; for (; i >= 0; i -= CHUNKSZ) { u32 chunkmask, val; int word, bit; chunkmask = ((1ULL << chunksz) - 1); word = i / BITS_PER_LONG; bit = i % BITS_PER_LONG; val = (bitmap[word] >> bit) & chunkmask; if (!first) { if (buf < end) *buf = ','; buf++; } first = false; spec.field_width = DIV_ROUND_UP(chunksz, 4); buf = number(buf, end, val, spec); chunksz = CHUNKSZ; } return buf; } static noinline_for_stack char *bitmap_list_string(char *buf, char *end, unsigned long *bitmap, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { int nr_bits = max_t(int, spec.field_width, 0); /* current bit is 'cur', most recently seen range is [rbot, rtop] */ int cur, rbot, rtop; bool first = true; if (check_pointer(&buf, end, bitmap, spec)) return buf; rbot = cur = find_first_bit(bitmap, nr_bits); while (cur < nr_bits) { rtop = cur; cur = find_next_bit(bitmap, nr_bits, cur + 1); if (cur < nr_bits && cur <= rtop + 1) continue; if (!first) { if (buf < end) *buf = ','; buf++; } first = false; buf = number(buf, end, rbot, default_dec_spec); if (rbot < rtop) { if (buf < end) *buf = '-'; buf++; buf = number(buf, end, rtop, default_dec_spec); } rbot = cur; } return buf; } static noinline_for_stack char *mac_address_string(char *buf, char *end, u8 *addr, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { char mac_addr[sizeof("xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx")]; char *p = mac_addr; int i; char separator; bool reversed = false; if (check_pointer(&buf, end, addr, spec)) return buf; switch (fmt[1]) { case 'F': separator = '-'; break; case 'R': reversed = true; /* fall through */ default: separator = ':'; break; } for (i = 0; i < 6; i++) { if (reversed) p = hex_byte_pack(p, addr[5 - i]); else p = hex_byte_pack(p, addr[i]); if (fmt[0] == 'M' && i != 5) *p++ = separator; } *p = '\0'; return string_nocheck(buf, end, mac_addr, spec); } static noinline_for_stack char *ip4_string(char *p, const u8 *addr, const char *fmt) { int i; bool leading_zeros = (fmt[0] == 'i'); int index; int step; switch (fmt[2]) { case 'h': #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN index = 0; step = 1; #else index = 3; step = -1; #endif break; case 'l': index = 3; step = -1; break; case 'n': case 'b': default: index = 0; step = 1; break; } for (i = 0; i < 4; i++) { char temp[4] __aligned(2); /* hold each IP quad in reverse order */ int digits = put_dec_trunc8(temp, addr[index]) - temp; if (leading_zeros) { if (digits < 3) *p++ = '0'; if (digits < 2) *p++ = '0'; } /* reverse the digits in the quad */ while (digits--) *p++ = temp[digits]; if (i < 3) *p++ = '.'; index += step; } *p = '\0'; return p; } static noinline_for_stack char *ip6_compressed_string(char *p, const char *addr) { int i, j, range; unsigned char zerolength[8]; int longest = 1; int colonpos = -1; u16 word; u8 hi, lo; bool needcolon = false; bool useIPv4; struct in6_addr in6; memcpy(&in6, addr, sizeof(struct in6_addr)); useIPv4 = ipv6_addr_v4mapped(&in6) || ipv6_addr_is_isatap(&in6); memset(zerolength, 0, sizeof(zerolength)); if (useIPv4) range = 6; else range = 8; /* find position of longest 0 run */ for (i = 0; i < range; i++) { for (j = i; j < range; j++) { if (in6.s6_addr16[j] != 0) break; zerolength[i]++; } } for (i = 0; i < range; i++) { if (zerolength[i] > longest) { longest = zerolength[i]; colonpos = i; } } if (longest == 1) /* don't compress a single 0 */ colonpos = -1; /* emit address */ for (i = 0; i < range; i++) { if (i == colonpos) { if (needcolon || i == 0) *p++ = ':'; *p++ = ':'; needcolon = false; i += longest - 1; continue; } if (needcolon) { *p++ = ':'; needcolon = false; } /* hex u16 without leading 0s */ word = ntohs(in6.s6_addr16[i]); hi = word >> 8; lo = word & 0xff; if (hi) { if (hi > 0x0f) p = hex_byte_pack(p, hi); else *p++ = hex_asc_lo(hi); p = hex_byte_pack(p, lo); } else if (lo > 0x0f) p = hex_byte_pack(p, lo); else *p++ = hex_asc_lo(lo); needcolon = true; } if (useIPv4) { if (needcolon) *p++ = ':'; p = ip4_string(p, &in6.s6_addr[12], "I4"); } *p = '\0'; return p; } static noinline_for_stack char *ip6_string(char *p, const char *addr, const char *fmt) { int i; for (i = 0; i < 8; i++) { p = hex_byte_pack(p, *addr++); p = hex_byte_pack(p, *addr++); if (fmt[0] == 'I' && i != 7) *p++ = ':'; } *p = '\0'; return p; } static noinline_for_stack char *ip6_addr_string(char *buf, char *end, const u8 *addr, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { char ip6_addr[sizeof("xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:255.255.255.255")]; if (fmt[0] == 'I' && fmt[2] == 'c') ip6_compressed_string(ip6_addr, addr); else ip6_string(ip6_addr, addr, fmt); return string_nocheck(buf, end, ip6_addr, spec); } static noinline_for_stack char *ip4_addr_string(char *buf, char *end, const u8 *addr, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { char ip4_addr[sizeof("255.255.255.255")]; ip4_string(ip4_addr, addr, fmt); return string_nocheck(buf, end, ip4_addr, spec); } static noinline_for_stack char *ip6_addr_string_sa(char *buf, char *end, const struct sockaddr_in6 *sa, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { bool have_p = false, have_s = false, have_f = false, have_c = false; char ip6_addr[sizeof("[xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:255.255.255.255]") + sizeof(":12345") + sizeof("/123456789") + sizeof("%1234567890")]; char *p = ip6_addr, *pend = ip6_addr + sizeof(ip6_addr); const u8 *addr = (const u8 *) &sa->sin6_addr; char fmt6[2] = { fmt[0], '6' }; u8 off = 0; fmt++; while (isalpha(*++fmt)) { switch (*fmt) { case 'p': have_p = true; break; case 'f': have_f = true; break; case 's': have_s = true; break; case 'c': have_c = true; break; } } if (have_p || have_s || have_f) { *p = '['; off = 1; } if (fmt6[0] == 'I' && have_c) p = ip6_compressed_string(ip6_addr + off, addr); else p = ip6_string(ip6_addr + off, addr, fmt6); if (have_p || have_s || have_f) *p++ = ']'; if (have_p) { *p++ = ':'; p = number(p, pend, ntohs(sa->sin6_port), spec); } if (have_f) { *p++ = '/'; p = number(p, pend, ntohl(sa->sin6_flowinfo & IPV6_FLOWINFO_MASK), spec); } if (have_s) { *p++ = '%'; p = number(p, pend, sa->sin6_scope_id, spec); } *p = '\0'; return string_nocheck(buf, end, ip6_addr, spec); } static noinline_for_stack char *ip4_addr_string_sa(char *buf, char *end, const struct sockaddr_in *sa, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { bool have_p = false; char *p, ip4_addr[sizeof("255.255.255.255") + sizeof(":12345")]; char *pend = ip4_addr + sizeof(ip4_addr); const u8 *addr = (const u8 *) &sa->sin_addr.s_addr; char fmt4[3] = { fmt[0], '4', 0 }; fmt++; while (isalpha(*++fmt)) { switch (*fmt) { case 'p': have_p = true; break; case 'h': case 'l': case 'n': case 'b': fmt4[2] = *fmt; break; } } p = ip4_string(ip4_addr, addr, fmt4); if (have_p) { *p++ = ':'; p = number(p, pend, ntohs(sa->sin_port), spec); } *p = '\0'; return string_nocheck(buf, end, ip4_addr, spec); } static noinline_for_stack char *ip_addr_string(char *buf, char *end, const void *ptr, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { char *err_fmt_msg; if (check_pointer(&buf, end, ptr, spec)) return buf; switch (fmt[1]) { case '6': return ip6_addr_string(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt); case '4': return ip4_addr_string(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt); case 'S': { const union { struct sockaddr raw; struct sockaddr_in v4; struct sockaddr_in6 v6; } *sa = ptr; switch (sa->raw.sa_family) { case AF_INET: return ip4_addr_string_sa(buf, end, &sa->v4, spec, fmt); case AF_INET6: return ip6_addr_string_sa(buf, end, &sa->v6, spec, fmt); default: return error_string(buf, end, "(einval)", spec); }} } err_fmt_msg = fmt[0] == 'i' ? "(%pi?)" : "(%pI?)"; return error_string(buf, end, err_fmt_msg, spec); } static noinline_for_stack char *escaped_string(char *buf, char *end, u8 *addr, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { bool found = true; int count = 1; unsigned int flags = 0; int len; if (spec.field_width == 0) return buf; /* nothing to print */ if (check_pointer(&buf, end, addr, spec)) return buf; do { switch (fmt[count++]) { case 'a': flags |= ESCAPE_ANY; break; case 'c': flags |= ESCAPE_SPECIAL; break; case 'h': flags |= ESCAPE_HEX; break; case 'n': flags |= ESCAPE_NULL; break; case 'o': flags |= ESCAPE_OCTAL; break; case 'p': flags |= ESCAPE_NP; break; case 's': flags |= ESCAPE_SPACE; break; default: found = false; break; } } while (found); if (!flags) flags = ESCAPE_ANY_NP; len = spec.field_width < 0 ? 1 : spec.field_width; /* * string_escape_mem() writes as many characters as it can to * the given buffer, and returns the total size of the output * had the buffer been big enough. */ buf += string_escape_mem(addr, len, buf, buf < end ? end - buf : 0, flags, NULL); return buf; } static char *va_format(char *buf, char *end, struct va_format *va_fmt, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { va_list va; if (check_pointer(&buf, end, va_fmt, spec)) return buf; va_copy(va, *va_fmt->va); buf += vsnprintf(buf, end > buf ? end - buf : 0, va_fmt->fmt, va); va_end(va); return buf; } static noinline_for_stack char *uuid_string(char *buf, char *end, const u8 *addr, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { char uuid[UUID_STRING_LEN + 1]; char *p = uuid; int i; const u8 *index = uuid_index; bool uc = false; if (check_pointer(&buf, end, addr, spec)) return buf; switch (*(++fmt)) { case 'L': uc = true; /* fall through */ case 'l': index = guid_index; break; case 'B': uc = true; break; } for (i = 0; i < 16; i++) { if (uc) p = hex_byte_pack_upper(p, addr[index[i]]); else p = hex_byte_pack(p, addr[index[i]]); switch (i) { case 3: case 5: case 7: case 9: *p++ = '-'; break; } } *p = 0; return string_nocheck(buf, end, uuid, spec); } static noinline_for_stack char *netdev_bits(char *buf, char *end, const void *addr, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { unsigned long long num; int size; if (check_pointer(&buf, end, addr, spec)) return buf; switch (fmt[1]) { case 'F': num = *(const netdev_features_t *)addr; size = sizeof(netdev_features_t); break; default: return error_string(buf, end, "(%pN?)", spec); } return special_hex_number(buf, end, num, size); } static noinline_for_stack char *address_val(char *buf, char *end, const void *addr, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { unsigned long long num; int size; if (check_pointer(&buf, end, addr, spec)) return buf; switch (fmt[1]) { case 'd': num = *(const dma_addr_t *)addr; size = sizeof(dma_addr_t); break; case 'p': default: num = *(const phys_addr_t *)addr; size = sizeof(phys_addr_t); break; } return special_hex_number(buf, end, num, size); } static noinline_for_stack char *date_str(char *buf, char *end, const struct rtc_time *tm, bool r) { int year = tm->tm_year + (r ? 0 : 1900); int mon = tm->tm_mon + (r ? 0 : 1); buf = number(buf, end, year, default_dec04_spec); if (buf < end) *buf = '-'; buf++; buf = number(buf, end, mon, default_dec02_spec); if (buf < end) *buf = '-'; buf++; return number(buf, end, tm->tm_mday, default_dec02_spec); } static noinline_for_stack char *time_str(char *buf, char *end, const struct rtc_time *tm, bool r) { buf = number(buf, end, tm->tm_hour, default_dec02_spec); if (buf < end) *buf = ':'; buf++; buf = number(buf, end, tm->tm_min, default_dec02_spec); if (buf < end) *buf = ':'; buf++; return number(buf, end, tm->tm_sec, default_dec02_spec); } static noinline_for_stack char *rtc_str(char *buf, char *end, const struct rtc_time *tm, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { bool have_t = true, have_d = true; bool raw = false; int count = 2; if (check_pointer(&buf, end, tm, spec)) return buf; switch (fmt[count]) { case 'd': have_t = false; count++; break; case 't': have_d = false; count++; break; } raw = fmt[count] == 'r'; if (have_d) buf = date_str(buf, end, tm, raw); if (have_d && have_t) { /* Respect ISO 8601 */ if (buf < end) *buf = 'T'; buf++; } if (have_t) buf = time_str(buf, end, tm, raw); return buf; } static noinline_for_stack char *time64_str(char *buf, char *end, const time64_t time, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { struct rtc_time rtc_time; struct tm tm; time64_to_tm(time, 0, &tm); rtc_time.tm_sec = tm.tm_sec; rtc_time.tm_min = tm.tm_min; rtc_time.tm_hour = tm.tm_hour; rtc_time.tm_mday = tm.tm_mday; rtc_time.tm_mon = tm.tm_mon; rtc_time.tm_year = tm.tm_year; rtc_time.tm_wday = tm.tm_wday; rtc_time.tm_yday = tm.tm_yday; rtc_time.tm_isdst = 0; return rtc_str(buf, end, &rtc_time, spec, fmt); } static noinline_for_stack char *time_and_date(char *buf, char *end, void *ptr, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { switch (fmt[1]) { case 'R': return rtc_str(buf, end, (const struct rtc_time *)ptr, spec, fmt); case 'T': return time64_str(buf, end, *(const time64_t *)ptr, spec, fmt); default: return error_string(buf, end, "(%pt?)", spec); } } static noinline_for_stack char *clock(char *buf, char *end, struct clk *clk, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HAVE_CLK)) return error_string(buf, end, "(%pC?)", spec); if (check_pointer(&buf, end, clk, spec)) return buf; switch (fmt[1]) { case 'n': default: #ifdef CONFIG_COMMON_CLK return string(buf, end, __clk_get_name(clk), spec); #else return ptr_to_id(buf, end, clk, spec); #endif } } static char *format_flags(char *buf, char *end, unsigned long flags, const struct trace_print_flags *names) { unsigned long mask; for ( ; flags && names->name; names++) { mask = names->mask; if ((flags & mask) != mask) continue; buf = string(buf, end, names->name, default_str_spec); flags &= ~mask; if (flags) { if (buf < end) *buf = '|'; buf++; } } if (flags) buf = number(buf, end, flags, default_flag_spec); return buf; } static noinline_for_stack char *flags_string(char *buf, char *end, void *flags_ptr, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { unsigned long flags; const struct trace_print_flags *names; if (check_pointer(&buf, end, flags_ptr, spec)) return buf; switch (fmt[1]) { case 'p': flags = *(unsigned long *)flags_ptr; /* Remove zone id */ flags &= (1UL << NR_PAGEFLAGS) - 1; names = pageflag_names; break; case 'v': flags = *(unsigned long *)flags_ptr; names = vmaflag_names; break; case 'g': flags = (__force unsigned long)(*(gfp_t *)flags_ptr); names = gfpflag_names; break; default: return error_string(buf, end, "(%pG?)", spec); } return format_flags(buf, end, flags, names); } static noinline_for_stack char *fwnode_full_name_string(struct fwnode_handle *fwnode, char *buf, char *end) { int depth; /* Loop starting from the root node to the current node. */ for (depth = fwnode_count_parents(fwnode); depth >= 0; depth--) { struct fwnode_handle *__fwnode = fwnode_get_nth_parent(fwnode, depth); buf = string(buf, end, fwnode_get_name_prefix(__fwnode), default_str_spec); buf = string(buf, end, fwnode_get_name(__fwnode), default_str_spec); fwnode_handle_put(__fwnode); } return buf; } static noinline_for_stack char *device_node_string(char *buf, char *end, struct device_node *dn, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { char tbuf[sizeof("xxxx") + 1]; const char *p; int ret; char *buf_start = buf; struct property *prop; bool has_mult, pass; struct printf_spec str_spec = spec; str_spec.field_width = -1; if (fmt[0] != 'F') return error_string(buf, end, "(%pO?)", spec); if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_OF)) return error_string(buf, end, "(%pOF?)", spec); if (check_pointer(&buf, end, dn, spec)) return buf; /* simple case without anything any more format specifiers */ fmt++; if (fmt[0] == '\0' || strcspn(fmt,"fnpPFcC") > 0) fmt = "f"; for (pass = false; strspn(fmt,"fnpPFcC"); fmt++, pass = true) { int precision; if (pass) { if (buf < end) *buf = ':'; buf++; } switch (*fmt) { case 'f': /* full_name */ buf = fwnode_full_name_string(of_fwnode_handle(dn), buf, end); break; case 'n': /* name */ p = fwnode_get_name(of_fwnode_handle(dn)); precision = str_spec.precision; str_spec.precision = strchrnul(p, '@') - p; buf = string(buf, end, p, str_spec); str_spec.precision = precision; break; case 'p': /* phandle */ buf = number(buf, end, (unsigned int)dn->phandle, default_dec_spec); break; case 'P': /* path-spec */ p = fwnode_get_name(of_fwnode_handle(dn)); if (!p[1]) p = "/"; buf = string(buf, end, p, str_spec); break; case 'F': /* flags */ tbuf[0] = of_node_check_flag(dn, OF_DYNAMIC) ? 'D' : '-'; tbuf[1] = of_node_check_flag(dn, OF_DETACHED) ? 'd' : '-'; tbuf[2] = of_node_check_flag(dn, OF_POPULATED) ? 'P' : '-'; tbuf[3] = of_node_check_flag(dn, OF_POPULATED_BUS) ? 'B' : '-'; tbuf[4] = 0; buf = string_nocheck(buf, end, tbuf, str_spec); break; case 'c': /* major compatible string */ ret = of_property_read_string(dn, "compatible", &p); if (!ret) buf = string(buf, end, p, str_spec); break; case 'C': /* full compatible string */ has_mult = false; of_property_for_each_string(dn, "compatible", prop, p) { if (has_mult) buf = string_nocheck(buf, end, ",", str_spec); buf = string_nocheck(buf, end, "\"", str_spec); buf = string(buf, end, p, str_spec); buf = string_nocheck(buf, end, "\"", str_spec); has_mult = true; } break; default: break; } } return widen_string(buf, buf - buf_start, end, spec); } static noinline_for_stack char *fwnode_string(char *buf, char *end, struct fwnode_handle *fwnode, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { struct printf_spec str_spec = spec; char *buf_start = buf; str_spec.field_width = -1; if (*fmt != 'w') return error_string(buf, end, "(%pf?)", spec); if (check_pointer(&buf, end, fwnode, spec)) return buf; fmt++; switch (*fmt) { case 'P': /* name */ buf = string(buf, end, fwnode_get_name(fwnode), str_spec); break; case 'f': /* full_name */ default: buf = fwnode_full_name_string(fwnode, buf, end); break; } return widen_string(buf, buf - buf_start, end, spec); } /* * Show a '%p' thing. A kernel extension is that the '%p' is followed * by an extra set of alphanumeric characters that are extended format * specifiers. * * Please update scripts/checkpatch.pl when adding/removing conversion * characters. (Search for "check for vsprintf extension"). * * Right now we handle: * * - 'S' For symbolic direct pointers (or function descriptors) with offset * - 's' For symbolic direct pointers (or function descriptors) without offset * - '[Ss]R' as above with __builtin_extract_return_addr() translation * - '[Ff]' %pf and %pF were obsoleted and later removed in favor of * %ps and %pS. Be careful when re-using these specifiers. * - 'B' For backtraced symbolic direct pointers with offset * - 'R' For decoded struct resource, e.g., [mem 0x0-0x1f 64bit pref] * - 'r' For raw struct resource, e.g., [mem 0x0-0x1f flags 0x201] * - 'b[l]' For a bitmap, the number of bits is determined by the field * width which must be explicitly specified either as part of the * format string '%32b[l]' or through '%*b[l]', [l] selects * range-list format instead of hex format * - 'M' For a 6-byte MAC address, it prints the address in the * usual colon-separated hex notation * - 'm' For a 6-byte MAC address, it prints the hex address without colons * - 'MF' For a 6-byte MAC FDDI address, it prints the address * with a dash-separated hex notation * - '[mM]R' For a 6-byte MAC address, Reverse order (Bluetooth) * - 'I' [46] for IPv4/IPv6 addresses printed in the usual way * IPv4 uses dot-separated decimal without leading 0's (1.2.3.4) * IPv6 uses colon separated network-order 16 bit hex with leading 0's * [S][pfs] * Generic IPv4/IPv6 address (struct sockaddr *) that falls back to * [4] or [6] and is able to print port [p], flowinfo [f], scope [s] * - 'i' [46] for 'raw' IPv4/IPv6 addresses * IPv6 omits the colons (01020304...0f) * IPv4 uses dot-separated decimal with leading 0's (010.123.045.006) * [S][pfs] * Generic IPv4/IPv6 address (struct sockaddr *) that falls back to * [4] or [6] and is able to print port [p], flowinfo [f], scope [s] * - '[Ii][4S][hnbl]' IPv4 addresses in host, network, big or little endian order * - 'I[6S]c' for IPv6 addresses printed as specified by * https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5952 * - 'E[achnops]' For an escaped buffer, where rules are defined by combination * of the following flags (see string_escape_mem() for the * details): * a - ESCAPE_ANY * c - ESCAPE_SPECIAL * h - ESCAPE_HEX * n - ESCAPE_NULL * o - ESCAPE_OCTAL * p - ESCAPE_NP * s - ESCAPE_SPACE * By default ESCAPE_ANY_NP is used. * - 'U' For a 16 byte UUID/GUID, it prints the UUID/GUID in the form * "xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx" * Options for %pU are: * b big endian lower case hex (default) * B big endian UPPER case hex * l little endian lower case hex * L little endian UPPER case hex * big endian output byte order is: * [0][1][2][3]-[4][5]-[6][7]-[8][9]-[10][11][12][13][14][15] * little endian output byte order is: * [3][2][1][0]-[5][4]-[7][6]-[8][9]-[10][11][12][13][14][15] * - 'V' For a struct va_format which contains a format string * and va_list *, * call vsnprintf(->format, *->va_list). * Implements a "recursive vsnprintf". * Do not use this feature without some mechanism to verify the * correctness of the format string and va_list arguments. * - 'K' For a kernel pointer that should be hidden from unprivileged users * - 'NF' For a netdev_features_t * - 'h[CDN]' For a variable-length buffer, it prints it as a hex string with * a certain separator (' ' by default): * C colon * D dash * N no separator * The maximum supported length is 64 bytes of the input. Consider * to use print_hex_dump() for the larger input. * - 'a[pd]' For address types [p] phys_addr_t, [d] dma_addr_t and derivatives * (default assumed to be phys_addr_t, passed by reference) * - 'd[234]' For a dentry name (optionally 2-4 last components) * - 'D[234]' Same as 'd' but for a struct file * - 'g' For block_device name (gendisk + partition number) * - 't[RT][dt][r]' For time and date as represented by: * R struct rtc_time * T time64_t * - 'C' For a clock, it prints the name (Common Clock Framework) or address * (legacy clock framework) of the clock * - 'Cn' For a clock, it prints the name (Common Clock Framework) or address * (legacy clock framework) of the clock * - 'G' For flags to be printed as a collection of symbolic strings that would * construct the specific value. Supported flags given by option: * p page flags (see struct page) given as pointer to unsigned long * g gfp flags (GFP_* and __GFP_*) given as pointer to gfp_t * v vma flags (VM_*) given as pointer to unsigned long * - 'OF[fnpPcCF]' For a device tree object * Without any optional arguments prints the full_name * f device node full_name * n device node name * p device node phandle * P device node path spec (name + @unit) * F device node flags * c major compatible string * C full compatible string * - 'fw[fP]' For a firmware node (struct fwnode_handle) pointer * Without an option prints the full name of the node * f full name * P node name, including a possible unit address * - 'x' For printing the address. Equivalent to "%lx". * - '[ku]s' For a BPF/tracing related format specifier, e.g. used out of * bpf_trace_printk() where [ku] prefix specifies either kernel (k) * or user (u) memory to probe, and: * s a string, equivalent to "%s" on direct vsnprintf() use * * ** When making changes please also update: * Documentation/core-api/printk-formats.rst * * Note: The default behaviour (unadorned %p) is to hash the address, * rendering it useful as a unique identifier. */ static noinline_for_stack char *pointer(const char *fmt, char *buf, char *end, void *ptr, struct printf_spec spec) { switch (*fmt) { case 'S': case 's': ptr = dereference_symbol_descriptor(ptr); /* fall through */ case 'B': return symbol_string(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt); case 'R': case 'r': return resource_string(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt); case 'h': return hex_string(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt); case 'b': switch (fmt[1]) { case 'l': return bitmap_list_string(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt); default: return bitmap_string(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt); } case 'M': /* Colon separated: 00:01:02:03:04:05 */ case 'm': /* Contiguous: 000102030405 */ /* [mM]F (FDDI) */ /* [mM]R (Reverse order; Bluetooth) */ return mac_address_string(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt); case 'I': /* Formatted IP supported * 4: 1.2.3.4 * 6: 0001:0203:...:0708 * 6c: 1::708 or 1::1.2.3.4 */ case 'i': /* Contiguous: * 4: 001.002.003.004 * 6: 000102...0f */ return ip_addr_string(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt); case 'E': return escaped_string(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt); case 'U': return uuid_string(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt); case 'V': return va_format(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt); case 'K': return restricted_pointer(buf, end, ptr, spec); case 'N': return netdev_bits(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt); case 'a': return address_val(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt); case 'd': return dentry_name(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt); case 't': return time_and_date(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt); case 'C': return clock(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt); case 'D': return file_dentry_name(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt); #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK case 'g': return bdev_name(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt); #endif case 'G': return flags_string(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt); case 'O': return device_node_string(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt + 1); case 'f': return fwnode_string(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt + 1); case 'x': return pointer_string(buf, end, ptr, spec); case 'e': /* %pe with a non-ERR_PTR gets treated as plain %p */ if (!IS_ERR(ptr)) break; return err_ptr(buf, end, ptr, spec); case 'u': case 'k': switch (fmt[1]) { case 's': return string(buf, end, ptr, spec); default: return error_string(buf, end, "(einval)", spec); } } /* default is to _not_ leak addresses, hash before printing */ return ptr_to_id(buf, end, ptr, spec); } /* * Helper function to decode printf style format. * Each call decode a token from the format and return the * number of characters read (or likely the delta where it wants * to go on the next call). * The decoded token is returned through the parameters * * 'h', 'l', or 'L' for integer fields * 'z' support added 23/7/1999 S.H. * 'z' changed to 'Z' --davidm 1/25/99 * 'Z' changed to 'z' --adobriyan 2017-01-25 * 't' added for ptrdiff_t * * @fmt: the format string * @type of the token returned * @flags: various flags such as +, -, # tokens.. * @field_width: overwritten width * @base: base of the number (octal, hex, ...) * @precision: precision of a number * @qualifier: qualifier of a number (long, size_t, ...) */ static noinline_for_stack int format_decode(const char *fmt, struct printf_spec *spec) { const char *start = fmt; char qualifier; /* we finished early by reading the field width */ if (spec->type == FORMAT_TYPE_WIDTH) { if (spec->field_width < 0) { spec->field_width = -spec->field_width; spec->flags |= LEFT; } spec->type = FORMAT_TYPE_NONE; goto precision; } /* we finished early by reading the precision */ if (spec->type == FORMAT_TYPE_PRECISION) { if (spec->precision < 0) spec->precision = 0; spec->type = FORMAT_TYPE_NONE; goto qualifier; } /* By default */ spec->type = FORMAT_TYPE_NONE; for (; *fmt ; ++fmt) { if (*fmt == '%') break; } /* Return the current non-format string */ if (fmt != start || !*fmt) return fmt - start; /* Process flags */ spec->flags = 0; while (1) { /* this also skips first '%' */ bool found = true; ++fmt; switch (*fmt) { case '-': spec->flags |= LEFT; break; case '+': spec->flags |= PLUS; break; case ' ': spec->flags |= SPACE; break; case '#': spec->flags |= SPECIAL; break; case '0': spec->flags |= ZEROPAD; break; default: found = false; } if (!found) break; } /* get field width */ spec->field_width = -1; if (isdigit(*fmt)) spec->field_width = skip_atoi(&fmt); else if (*fmt == '*') { /* it's the next argument */ spec->type = FORMAT_TYPE_WIDTH; return ++fmt - start; } precision: /* get the precision */ spec->precision = -1; if (*fmt == '.') { ++fmt; if (isdigit(*fmt)) { spec->precision = skip_atoi(&fmt); if (spec->precision < 0) spec->precision = 0; } else if (*fmt == '*') { /* it's the next argument */ spec->type = FORMAT_TYPE_PRECISION; return ++fmt - start; } } qualifier: /* get the conversion qualifier */ qualifier = 0; if (*fmt == 'h' || _tolower(*fmt) == 'l' || *fmt == 'z' || *fmt == 't') { qualifier = *fmt++; if (unlikely(qualifier == *fmt)) { if (qualifier == 'l') { qualifier = 'L'; ++fmt; } else if (qualifier == 'h') { qualifier = 'H'; ++fmt; } } } /* default base */ spec->base = 10; switch (*fmt) { case 'c': spec->type = FORMAT_TYPE_CHAR; return ++fmt - start; case 's': spec->type = FORMAT_TYPE_STR; return ++fmt - start; case 'p': spec->type = FORMAT_TYPE_PTR; return ++fmt - start; case '%': spec->type = FORMAT_TYPE_PERCENT_CHAR; return ++fmt - start; /* integer number formats - set up the flags and "break" */ case 'o': spec->base = 8; break; case 'x': spec->flags |= SMALL; /* fall through */ case 'X': spec->base = 16; break; case 'd': case 'i': spec->flags |= SIGN; case 'u': break; case 'n': /* * Since %n poses a greater security risk than * utility, treat it as any other invalid or * unsupported format specifier. */ /* fall through */ default: WARN_ONCE(1, "Please remove unsupported %%%c in format string\n", *fmt); spec->type = FORMAT_TYPE_INVALID; return fmt - start; } if (qualifier == 'L') spec->type = FORMAT_TYPE_LONG_LONG; else if (qualifier == 'l') { BUILD_BUG_ON(FORMAT_TYPE_ULONG + SIGN != FORMAT_TYPE_LONG); spec->type = FORMAT_TYPE_ULONG + (spec->flags & SIGN); } else if (qualifier == 'z') { spec->type = FORMAT_TYPE_SIZE_T; } else if (qualifier == 't') { spec->type = FORMAT_TYPE_PTRDIFF; } else if (qualifier == 'H') { BUILD_BUG_ON(FORMAT_TYPE_UBYTE + SIGN != FORMAT_TYPE_BYTE); spec->type = FORMAT_TYPE_UBYTE + (spec->flags & SIGN); } else if (qualifier == 'h') { BUILD_BUG_ON(FORMAT_TYPE_USHORT + SIGN != FORMAT_TYPE_SHORT); spec->type = FORMAT_TYPE_USHORT + (spec->flags & SIGN); } else { BUILD_BUG_ON(FORMAT_TYPE_UINT + SIGN != FORMAT_TYPE_INT); spec->type = FORMAT_TYPE_UINT + (spec->flags & SIGN); } return ++fmt - start; } static void set_field_width(struct printf_spec *spec, int width) { spec->field_width = width; if (WARN_ONCE(spec->field_width != width, "field width %d too large", width)) { spec->field_width = clamp(width, -FIELD_WIDTH_MAX, FIELD_WIDTH_MAX); } } static void set_precision(struct printf_spec *spec, int prec) { spec->precision = prec; if (WARN_ONCE(spec->precision != prec, "precision %d too large", prec)) { spec->precision = clamp(prec, 0, PRECISION_MAX); } } /** * vsnprintf - Format a string and place it in a buffer * @buf: The buffer to place the result into * @size: The size of the buffer, including the trailing null space * @fmt: The format string to use * @args: Arguments for the format string * * This function generally follows C99 vsnprintf, but has some * extensions and a few limitations: * * - ``%n`` is unsupported * - ``%p*`` is handled by pointer() * * See pointer() or Documentation/core-api/printk-formats.rst for more * extensive description. * * **Please update the documentation in both places when making changes** * * The return value is the number of characters which would * be generated for the given input, excluding the trailing * '\0', as per ISO C99. If you want to have the exact * number of characters written into @buf as return value * (not including the trailing '\0'), use vscnprintf(). If the * return is greater than or equal to @size, the resulting * string is truncated. * * If you're not already dealing with a va_list consider using snprintf(). */ int vsnprintf(char *buf, size_t size, const char *fmt, va_list args) { unsigned long long num; char *str, *end; struct printf_spec spec = {0}; /* Reject out-of-range values early. Large positive sizes are used for unknown buffer sizes. */ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(size > INT_MAX)) return 0; str = buf; end = buf + size; /* Make sure end is always >= buf */ if (end < buf) { end = ((void *)-1); size = end - buf; } while (*fmt) { const char *old_fmt = fmt; int read = format_decode(fmt, &spec); fmt += read; switch (spec.type) { case FORMAT_TYPE_NONE: { int copy = read; if (str < end) { if (copy > end - str) copy = end - str; memcpy(str, old_fmt, copy); } str += read; break; } case FORMAT_TYPE_WIDTH: set_field_width(&spec, va_arg(args, int)); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_PRECISION: set_precision(&spec, va_arg(args, int)); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_CHAR: { char c; if (!(spec.flags & LEFT)) { while (--spec.field_width > 0) { if (str < end) *str = ' '; ++str; } } c = (unsigned char) va_arg(args, int); if (str < end) *str = c; ++str; while (--spec.field_width > 0) { if (str < end) *str = ' '; ++str; } break; } case FORMAT_TYPE_STR: str = string(str, end, va_arg(args, char *), spec); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_PTR: str = pointer(fmt, str, end, va_arg(args, void *), spec); while (isalnum(*fmt)) fmt++; break; case FORMAT_TYPE_PERCENT_CHAR: if (str < end) *str = '%'; ++str; break; case FORMAT_TYPE_INVALID: /* * Presumably the arguments passed gcc's type * checking, but there is no safe or sane way * for us to continue parsing the format and * fetching from the va_list; the remaining * specifiers and arguments would be out of * sync. */ goto out; default: switch (spec.type) { case FORMAT_TYPE_LONG_LONG: num = va_arg(args, long long); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_ULONG: num = va_arg(args, unsigned long); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_LONG: num = va_arg(args, long); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_SIZE_T: if (spec.flags & SIGN) num = va_arg(args, ssize_t); else num = va_arg(args, size_t); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_PTRDIFF: num = va_arg(args, ptrdiff_t); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_UBYTE: num = (unsigned char) va_arg(args, int); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_BYTE: num = (signed char) va_arg(args, int); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_USHORT: num = (unsigned short) va_arg(args, int); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_SHORT: num = (short) va_arg(args, int); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_INT: num = (int) va_arg(args, int); break; default: num = va_arg(args, unsigned int); } str = number(str, end, num, spec); } } out: if (size > 0) { if (str < end) *str = '\0'; else end[-1] = '\0'; } /* the trailing null byte doesn't count towards the total */ return str-buf; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vsnprintf); /** * vscnprintf - Format a string and place it in a buffer * @buf: The buffer to place the result into * @size: The size of the buffer, including the trailing null space * @fmt: The format string to use * @args: Arguments for the format string * * The return value is the number of characters which have been written into * the @buf not including the trailing '\0'. If @size is == 0 the function * returns 0. * * If you're not already dealing with a va_list consider using scnprintf(). * * See the vsnprintf() documentation for format string extensions over C99. */ int vscnprintf(char *buf, size_t size, const char *fmt, va_list args) { int i; i = vsnprintf(buf, size, fmt, args); if (likely(i < size)) return i; if (size != 0) return size - 1; return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vscnprintf); /** * snprintf - Format a string and place it in a buffer * @buf: The buffer to place the result into * @size: The size of the buffer, including the trailing null space * @fmt: The format string to use * @...: Arguments for the format string * * The return value is the number of characters which would be * generated for the given input, excluding the trailing null, * as per ISO C99. If the return is greater than or equal to * @size, the resulting string is truncated. * * See the vsnprintf() documentation for format string extensions over C99. */ int snprintf(char *buf, size_t size, const char *fmt, ...) { va_list args; int i; va_start(args, fmt); i = vsnprintf(buf, size, fmt, args); va_end(args); return i; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(snprintf); /** * scnprintf - Format a string and place it in a buffer * @buf: The buffer to place the result into * @size: The size of the buffer, including the trailing null space * @fmt: The format string to use * @...: Arguments for the format string * * The return value is the number of characters written into @buf not including * the trailing '\0'. If @size is == 0 the function returns 0. */ int scnprintf(char *buf, size_t size, const char *fmt, ...) { va_list args; int i; va_start(args, fmt); i = vscnprintf(buf, size, fmt, args); va_end(args); return i; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(scnprintf); /** * vsprintf - Format a string and place it in a buffer * @buf: The buffer to place the result into * @fmt: The format string to use * @args: Arguments for the format string * * The function returns the number of characters written * into @buf. Use vsnprintf() or vscnprintf() in order to avoid * buffer overflows. * * If you're not already dealing with a va_list consider using sprintf(). * * See the vsnprintf() documentation for format string extensions over C99. */ int vsprintf(char *buf, const char *fmt, va_list args) { return vsnprintf(buf, INT_MAX, fmt, args); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vsprintf); /** * sprintf - Format a string and place it in a buffer * @buf: The buffer to place the result into * @fmt: The format string to use * @...: Arguments for the format string * * The function returns the number of characters written * into @buf. Use snprintf() or scnprintf() in order to avoid * buffer overflows. * * See the vsnprintf() documentation for format string extensions over C99. */ int sprintf(char *buf, const char *fmt, ...) { va_list args; int i; va_start(args, fmt); i = vsnprintf(buf, INT_MAX, fmt, args); va_end(args); return i; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sprintf); #ifdef CONFIG_BINARY_PRINTF /* * bprintf service: * vbin_printf() - VA arguments to binary data * bstr_printf() - Binary data to text string */ /** * vbin_printf - Parse a format string and place args' binary value in a buffer * @bin_buf: The buffer to place args' binary value * @size: The size of the buffer(by words(32bits), not characters) * @fmt: The format string to use * @args: Arguments for the format string * * The format follows C99 vsnprintf, except %n is ignored, and its argument * is skipped. * * The return value is the number of words(32bits) which would be generated for * the given input. * * NOTE: * If the return value is greater than @size, the resulting bin_buf is NOT * valid for bstr_printf(). */ int vbin_printf(u32 *bin_buf, size_t size, const char *fmt, va_list args) { struct printf_spec spec = {0}; char *str, *end; int width; str = (char *)bin_buf; end = (char *)(bin_buf + size); #define save_arg(type) \ ({ \ unsigned long long value; \ if (sizeof(type) == 8) { \ unsigned long long val8; \ str = PTR_ALIGN(str, sizeof(u32)); \ val8 = va_arg(args, unsigned long long); \ if (str + sizeof(type) <= end) { \ *(u32 *)str = *(u32 *)&val8; \ *(u32 *)(str + 4) = *((u32 *)&val8 + 1); \ } \ value = val8; \ } else { \ unsigned int val4; \ str = PTR_ALIGN(str, sizeof(type)); \ val4 = va_arg(args, int); \ if (str + sizeof(type) <= end) \ *(typeof(type) *)str = (type)(long)val4; \ value = (unsigned long long)val4; \ } \ str += sizeof(type); \ value; \ }) while (*fmt) { int read = format_decode(fmt, &spec); fmt += read; switch (spec.type) { case FORMAT_TYPE_NONE: case FORMAT_TYPE_PERCENT_CHAR: break; case FORMAT_TYPE_INVALID: goto out; case FORMAT_TYPE_WIDTH: case FORMAT_TYPE_PRECISION: width = (int)save_arg(int); /* Pointers may require the width */ if (*fmt == 'p') set_field_width(&spec, width); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_CHAR: save_arg(char); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_STR: { const char *save_str = va_arg(args, char *); const char *err_msg; size_t len; err_msg = check_pointer_msg(save_str); if (err_msg) save_str = err_msg; len = strlen(save_str) + 1; if (str + len < end) memcpy(str, save_str, len); str += len; break; } case FORMAT_TYPE_PTR: /* Dereferenced pointers must be done now */ switch (*fmt) { /* Dereference of functions is still OK */ case 'S': case 's': case 'x': case 'K': case 'e': save_arg(void *); break; default: if (!isalnum(*fmt)) { save_arg(void *); break; } str = pointer(fmt, str, end, va_arg(args, void *), spec); if (str + 1 < end) *str++ = '\0'; else end[-1] = '\0'; /* Must be nul terminated */ } /* skip all alphanumeric pointer suffixes */ while (isalnum(*fmt)) fmt++; break; default: switch (spec.type) { case FORMAT_TYPE_LONG_LONG: save_arg(long long); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_ULONG: case FORMAT_TYPE_LONG: save_arg(unsigned long); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_SIZE_T: save_arg(size_t); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_PTRDIFF: save_arg(ptrdiff_t); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_UBYTE: case FORMAT_TYPE_BYTE: save_arg(char); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_USHORT: case FORMAT_TYPE_SHORT: save_arg(short); break; default: save_arg(int); } } } out: return (u32 *)(PTR_ALIGN(str, sizeof(u32))) - bin_buf; #undef save_arg } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vbin_printf); /** * bstr_printf - Format a string from binary arguments and place it in a buffer * @buf: The buffer to place the result into * @size: The size of the buffer, including the trailing null space * @fmt: The format string to use * @bin_buf: Binary arguments for the format string * * This function like C99 vsnprintf, but the difference is that vsnprintf gets * arguments from stack, and bstr_printf gets arguments from @bin_buf which is * a binary buffer that generated by vbin_printf. * * The format follows C99 vsnprintf, but has some extensions: * see vsnprintf comment for details. * * The return value is the number of characters which would * be generated for the given input, excluding the trailing * '\0', as per ISO C99. If you want to have the exact * number of characters written into @buf as return value * (not including the trailing '\0'), use vscnprintf(). If the * return is greater than or equal to @size, the resulting * string is truncated. */ int bstr_printf(char *buf, size_t size, const char *fmt, const u32 *bin_buf) { struct printf_spec spec = {0}; char *str, *end; const char *args = (const char *)bin_buf; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(size > INT_MAX)) return 0; str = buf; end = buf + size; #define get_arg(type) \ ({ \ typeof(type) value; \ if (sizeof(type) == 8) { \ args = PTR_ALIGN(args, sizeof(u32)); \ *(u32 *)&value = *(u32 *)args; \ *((u32 *)&value + 1) = *(u32 *)(args + 4); \ } else { \ args = PTR_ALIGN(args, sizeof(type)); \ value = *(typeof(type) *)args; \ } \ args += sizeof(type); \ value; \ }) /* Make sure end is always >= buf */ if (end < buf) { end = ((void *)-1); size = end - buf; } while (*fmt) { const char *old_fmt = fmt; int read = format_decode(fmt, &spec); fmt += read; switch (spec.type) { case FORMAT_TYPE_NONE: { int copy = read; if (str < end) { if (copy > end - str) copy = end - str; memcpy(str, old_fmt, copy); } str += read; break; } case FORMAT_TYPE_WIDTH: set_field_width(&spec, get_arg(int)); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_PRECISION: set_precision(&spec, get_arg(int)); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_CHAR: { char c; if (!(spec.flags & LEFT)) { while (--spec.field_width > 0) { if (str < end) *str = ' '; ++str; } } c = (unsigned char) get_arg(char); if (str < end) *str = c; ++str; while (--spec.field_width > 0) { if (str < end) *str = ' '; ++str; } break; } case FORMAT_TYPE_STR: { const char *str_arg = args; args += strlen(str_arg) + 1; str = string(str, end, (char *)str_arg, spec); break; } case FORMAT_TYPE_PTR: { bool process = false; int copy, len; /* Non function dereferences were already done */ switch (*fmt) { case 'S': case 's': case 'x': case 'K': case 'e': process = true; break; default: if (!isalnum(*fmt)) { process = true; break; } /* Pointer dereference was already processed */ if (str < end) { len = copy = strlen(args); if (copy > end - str) copy = end - str; memcpy(str, args, copy); str += len; args += len + 1; } } if (process) str = pointer(fmt, str, end, get_arg(void *), spec); while (isalnum(*fmt)) fmt++; break; } case FORMAT_TYPE_PERCENT_CHAR: if (str < end) *str = '%'; ++str; break; case FORMAT_TYPE_INVALID: goto out; default: { unsigned long long num; switch (spec.type) { case FORMAT_TYPE_LONG_LONG: num = get_arg(long long); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_ULONG: case FORMAT_TYPE_LONG: num = get_arg(unsigned long); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_SIZE_T: num = get_arg(size_t); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_PTRDIFF: num = get_arg(ptrdiff_t); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_UBYTE: num = get_arg(unsigned char); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_BYTE: num = get_arg(signed char); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_USHORT: num = get_arg(unsigned short); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_SHORT: num = get_arg(short); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_UINT: num = get_arg(unsigned int); break; default: num = get_arg(int); } str = number(str, end, num, spec); } /* default: */ } /* switch(spec.type) */ } /* while(*fmt) */ out: if (size > 0) { if (str < end) *str = '\0'; else end[-1] = '\0'; } #undef get_arg /* the trailing null byte doesn't count towards the total */ return str - buf; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(bstr_printf); /** * bprintf - Parse a format string and place args' binary value in a buffer * @bin_buf: The buffer to place args' binary value * @size: The size of the buffer(by words(32bits), not characters) * @fmt: The format string to use * @...: Arguments for the format string * * The function returns the number of words(u32) written * into @bin_buf. */ int bprintf(u32 *bin_buf, size_t size, const char *fmt, ...) { va_list args; int ret; va_start(args, fmt); ret = vbin_printf(bin_buf, size, fmt, args); va_end(args); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(bprintf); #endif /* CONFIG_BINARY_PRINTF */ /** * vsscanf - Unformat a buffer into a list of arguments * @buf: input buffer * @fmt: format of buffer * @args: arguments */ int vsscanf(const char *buf, const char *fmt, va_list args) { const char *str = buf; char *next; char digit; int num = 0; u8 qualifier; unsigned int base; union { long long s; unsigned long long u; } val; s16 field_width; bool is_sign; while (*fmt) { /* skip any white space in format */ /* white space in format matchs any amount of * white space, including none, in the input. */ if (isspace(*fmt)) { fmt = skip_spaces(++fmt); str = skip_spaces(str); } /* anything that is not a conversion must match exactly */ if (*fmt != '%' && *fmt) { if (*fmt++ != *str++) break; continue; } if (!*fmt) break; ++fmt; /* skip this conversion. * advance both strings to next white space */ if (*fmt == '*') { if (!*str) break; while (!isspace(*fmt) && *fmt != '%' && *fmt) { /* '%*[' not yet supported, invalid format */ if (*fmt == '[') return num; fmt++; } while (!isspace(*str) && *str) str++; continue; } /* get field width */ field_width = -1; if (isdigit(*fmt)) { field_width = skip_atoi(&fmt); if (field_width <= 0) break; } /* get conversion qualifier */ qualifier = -1; if (*fmt == 'h' || _tolower(*fmt) == 'l' || *fmt == 'z') { qualifier = *fmt++; if (unlikely(qualifier == *fmt)) { if (qualifier == 'h') { qualifier = 'H'; fmt++; } else if (qualifier == 'l') { qualifier = 'L'; fmt++; } } } if (!*fmt) break; if (*fmt == 'n') { /* return number of characters read so far */ *va_arg(args, int *) = str - buf; ++fmt; continue; } if (!*str) break; base = 10; is_sign = false; switch (*fmt++) { case 'c': { char *s = (char *)va_arg(args, char*); if (field_width == -1) field_width = 1; do { *s++ = *str++; } while (--field_width > 0 && *str); num++; } continue; case 's': { char *s = (char *)va_arg(args, char *); if (field_width == -1) field_width = SHRT_MAX; /* first, skip leading white space in buffer */ str = skip_spaces(str); /* now copy until next white space */ while (*str && !isspace(*str) && field_width--) *s++ = *str++; *s = '\0'; num++; } continue; /* * Warning: This implementation of the '[' conversion specifier * deviates from its glibc counterpart in the following ways: * (1) It does NOT support ranges i.e. '-' is NOT a special * character * (2) It cannot match the closing bracket ']' itself * (3) A field width is required * (4) '%*[' (discard matching input) is currently not supported * * Example usage: * ret = sscanf("00:0a:95","%2[^:]:%2[^:]:%2[^:]", * buf1, buf2, buf3); * if (ret < 3) * // etc.. */ case '[': { char *s = (char *)va_arg(args, char *); DECLARE_BITMAP(set, 256) = {0}; unsigned int len = 0; bool negate = (*fmt == '^'); /* field width is required */ if (field_width == -1) return num; if (negate) ++fmt; for ( ; *fmt && *fmt != ']'; ++fmt, ++len) set_bit((u8)*fmt, set); /* no ']' or no character set found */ if (!*fmt || !len) return num; ++fmt; if (negate) { bitmap_complement(set, set, 256); /* exclude null '\0' byte */ clear_bit(0, set); } /* match must be non-empty */ if (!test_bit((u8)*str, set)) return num; while (test_bit((u8)*str, set) && field_width--) *s++ = *str++; *s = '\0'; ++num; } continue; case 'o': base = 8; break; case 'x': case 'X': base = 16; break; case 'i': base = 0; /* fall through */ case 'd': is_sign = true; /* fall through */ case 'u': break; case '%': /* looking for '%' in str */ if (*str++ != '%') return num; continue; default: /* invalid format; stop here */ return num; } /* have some sort of integer conversion. * first, skip white space in buffer. */ str = skip_spaces(str); digit = *str; if (is_sign && digit == '-') digit = *(str + 1); if (!digit || (base == 16 && !isxdigit(digit)) || (base == 10 && !isdigit(digit)) || (base == 8 && (!isdigit(digit) || digit > '7')) || (base == 0 && !isdigit(digit))) break; if (is_sign) val.s = simple_strntoll(str, field_width >= 0 ? field_width : INT_MAX, &next, base); else val.u = simple_strntoull(str, field_width >= 0 ? field_width : INT_MAX, &next, base); switch (qualifier) { case 'H': /* that's 'hh' in format */ if (is_sign) *va_arg(args, signed char *) = val.s; else *va_arg(args, unsigned char *) = val.u; break; case 'h': if (is_sign) *va_arg(args, short *) = val.s; else *va_arg(args, unsigned short *) = val.u; break; case 'l': if (is_sign) *va_arg(args, long *) = val.s; else *va_arg(args, unsigned long *) = val.u; break; case 'L': if (is_sign) *va_arg(args, long long *) = val.s; else *va_arg(args, unsigned long long *) = val.u; break; case 'z': *va_arg(args, size_t *) = val.u; break; default: if (is_sign) *va_arg(args, int *) = val.s; else *va_arg(args, unsigned int *) = val.u; break; } num++; if (!next) break; str = next; } return num; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vsscanf); /** * sscanf - Unformat a buffer into a list of arguments * @buf: input buffer * @fmt: formatting of buffer * @...: resulting arguments */ int sscanf(const char *buf, const char *fmt, ...) { va_list args; int i; va_start(args, fmt); i = vsscanf(buf, fmt, args); va_end(args); return i; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sscanf);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_ATOMIC64_64_H #define _ASM_X86_ATOMIC64_64_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <asm/alternative.h> #include <asm/cmpxchg.h> /* The 64-bit atomic type */ #define ATOMIC64_INIT(i) { (i) } /** * arch_atomic64_read - read atomic64 variable * @v: pointer of type atomic64_t * * Atomically reads the value of @v. * Doesn't imply a read memory barrier. */ static inline s64 arch_atomic64_read(const atomic64_t *v) { return __READ_ONCE((v)->counter); } /** * arch_atomic64_set - set atomic64 variable * @v: pointer to type atomic64_t * @i: required value * * Atomically sets the value of @v to @i. */ static inline void arch_atomic64_set(atomic64_t *v, s64 i) { __WRITE_ONCE(v->counter, i); } /** * arch_atomic64_add - add integer to atomic64 variable * @i: integer value to add * @v: pointer to type atomic64_t * * Atomically adds @i to @v. */ static __always_inline void arch_atomic64_add(s64 i, atomic64_t *v) { asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "addq %1,%0" : "=m" (v->counter) : "er" (i), "m" (v->counter) : "memory"); } /** * arch_atomic64_sub - subtract the atomic64 variable * @i: integer value to subtract * @v: pointer to type atomic64_t * * Atomically subtracts @i from @v. */ static inline void arch_atomic64_sub(s64 i, atomic64_t *v) { asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "subq %1,%0" : "=m" (v->counter) : "er" (i), "m" (v->counter) : "memory"); } /** * arch_atomic64_sub_and_test - subtract value from variable and test result * @i: integer value to subtract * @v: pointer to type atomic64_t * * Atomically subtracts @i from @v and returns * true if the result is zero, or false for all * other cases. */ static inline bool arch_atomic64_sub_and_test(s64 i, atomic64_t *v) { return GEN_BINARY_RMWcc(LOCK_PREFIX "subq", v->counter, e, "er", i); } #define arch_atomic64_sub_and_test arch_atomic64_sub_and_test /** * arch_atomic64_inc - increment atomic64 variable * @v: pointer to type atomic64_t * * Atomically increments @v by 1. */ static __always_inline void arch_atomic64_inc(atomic64_t *v) { asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "incq %0" : "=m" (v->counter) : "m" (v->counter) : "memory"); } #define arch_atomic64_inc arch_atomic64_inc /** * arch_atomic64_dec - decrement atomic64 variable * @v: pointer to type atomic64_t * * Atomically decrements @v by 1. */ static __always_inline void arch_atomic64_dec(atomic64_t *v) { asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "decq %0" : "=m" (v->counter) : "m" (v->counter) : "memory"); } #define arch_atomic64_dec arch_atomic64_dec /** * arch_atomic64_dec_and_test - decrement and test * @v: pointer to type atomic64_t * * Atomically decrements @v by 1 and * returns true if the result is 0, or false for all other * cases. */ static inline bool arch_atomic64_dec_and_test(atomic64_t *v) { return GEN_UNARY_RMWcc(LOCK_PREFIX "decq", v->counter, e); } #define arch_atomic64_dec_and_test arch_atomic64_dec_and_test /** * arch_atomic64_inc_and_test - increment and test * @v: pointer to type atomic64_t * * Atomically increments @v by 1 * and returns true if the result is zero, or false for all * other cases. */ static inline bool arch_atomic64_inc_and_test(atomic64_t *v) { return GEN_UNARY_RMWcc(LOCK_PREFIX "incq", v->counter, e); } #define arch_atomic64_inc_and_test arch_atomic64_inc_and_test /** * arch_atomic64_add_negative - add and test if negative * @i: integer value to add * @v: pointer to type atomic64_t * * Atomically adds @i to @v and returns true * if the result is negative, or false when * result is greater than or equal to zero. */ static inline bool arch_atomic64_add_negative(s64 i, atomic64_t *v) { return GEN_BINARY_RMWcc(LOCK_PREFIX "addq", v->counter, s, "er", i); } #define arch_atomic64_add_negative arch_atomic64_add_negative /** * arch_atomic64_add_return - add and return * @i: integer value to add * @v: pointer to type atomic64_t * * Atomically adds @i to @v and returns @i + @v */ static __always_inline s64 arch_atomic64_add_return(s64 i, atomic64_t *v) { return i + xadd(&v->counter, i); } #define arch_atomic64_add_return arch_atomic64_add_return static inline s64 arch_atomic64_sub_return(s64 i, atomic64_t *v) { return arch_atomic64_add_return(-i, v); } #define arch_atomic64_sub_return arch_atomic64_sub_return static inline s64 arch_atomic64_fetch_add(s64 i, atomic64_t *v) { return xadd(&v->counter, i); } #define arch_atomic64_fetch_add arch_atomic64_fetch_add static inline s64 arch_atomic64_fetch_sub(s64 i, atomic64_t *v) { return xadd(&v->counter, -i); } #define arch_atomic64_fetch_sub arch_atomic64_fetch_sub static inline s64 arch_atomic64_cmpxchg(atomic64_t *v, s64 old, s64 new) { return arch_cmpxchg(&v->counter, old, new); } #define arch_atomic64_cmpxchg arch_atomic64_cmpxchg static __always_inline bool arch_atomic64_try_cmpxchg(atomic64_t *v, s64 *old, s64 new) { return try_cmpxchg(&v->counter, old, new); } #define arch_atomic64_try_cmpxchg arch_atomic64_try_cmpxchg static inline s64 arch_atomic64_xchg(atomic64_t *v, s64 new) { return arch_xchg(&v->counter, new); } #define arch_atomic64_xchg arch_atomic64_xchg static inline void arch_atomic64_and(s64 i, atomic64_t *v) { asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "andq %1,%0" : "+m" (v->counter) : "er" (i) : "memory"); } static inline s64 arch_atomic64_fetch_and(s64 i, atomic64_t *v) { s64 val = arch_atomic64_read(v); do { } while (!arch_atomic64_try_cmpxchg(v, &val, val & i)); return val; } #define arch_atomic64_fetch_and arch_atomic64_fetch_and static inline void arch_atomic64_or(s64 i, atomic64_t *v) { asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "orq %1,%0" : "+m" (v->counter) : "er" (i) : "memory"); } static inline s64 arch_atomic64_fetch_or(s64 i, atomic64_t *v) { s64 val = arch_atomic64_read(v); do { } while (!arch_atomic64_try_cmpxchg(v, &val, val | i)); return val; } #define arch_atomic64_fetch_or arch_atomic64_fetch_or static inline void arch_atomic64_xor(s64 i, atomic64_t *v) { asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "xorq %1,%0" : "+m" (v->counter) : "er" (i) : "memory"); } static inline s64 arch_atomic64_fetch_xor(s64 i, atomic64_t *v) { s64 val = arch_atomic64_read(v); do { } while (!arch_atomic64_try_cmpxchg(v, &val, val ^ i)); return val; } #define arch_atomic64_fetch_xor arch_atomic64_fetch_xor #endif /* _ASM_X86_ATOMIC64_64_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_STRINGHASH_H #define __LINUX_STRINGHASH_H #include <linux/compiler.h> /* For __pure */ #include <linux/types.h> /* For u32, u64 */ #include <linux/hash.h> /* * Routines for hashing strings of bytes to a 32-bit hash value. * * These hash functions are NOT GUARANTEED STABLE between kernel * versions, architectures, or even repeated boots of the same kernel. * (E.g. they may depend on boot-time hardware detection or be * deliberately randomized.) * * They are also not intended to be secure against collisions caused by * malicious inputs; much slower hash functions are required for that. * * They are optimized for pathname components, meaning short strings. * Even if a majority of files have longer names, the dynamic profile of * pathname components skews short due to short directory names. * (E.g. /usr/lib/libsesquipedalianism.so.3.141.) */ /* * Version 1: one byte at a time. Example of use: * * unsigned long hash = init_name_hash; * while (*p) * hash = partial_name_hash(tolower(*p++), hash); * hash = end_name_hash(hash); * * Although this is designed for bytes, fs/hfsplus/unicode.c * abuses it to hash 16-bit values. */ /* Hash courtesy of the R5 hash in reiserfs modulo sign bits */ #define init_name_hash(salt) (unsigned long)(salt) /* partial hash update function. Assume roughly 4 bits per character */ static inline unsigned long partial_name_hash(unsigned long c, unsigned long prevhash) { return (prevhash + (c << 4) + (c >> 4)) * 11; } /* * Finally: cut down the number of bits to a int value (and try to avoid * losing bits). This also has the property (wanted by the dcache) * that the msbits make a good hash table index. */ static inline unsigned int end_name_hash(unsigned long hash) { return hash_long(hash, 32); } /* * Version 2: One word (32 or 64 bits) at a time. * If CONFIG_DCACHE_WORD_ACCESS is defined (meaning <asm/word-at-a-time.h> * exists, which describes major Linux platforms like x86 and ARM), then * this computes a different hash function much faster. * * If not set, this falls back to a wrapper around the preceding. */ extern unsigned int __pure full_name_hash(const void *salt, const char *, unsigned int); /* * A hash_len is a u64 with the hash of a string in the low * half and the length in the high half. */ #define hashlen_hash(hashlen) ((u32)(hashlen)) #define hashlen_len(hashlen) ((u32)((hashlen) >> 32)) #define hashlen_create(hash, len) ((u64)(len)<<32 | (u32)(hash)) /* Return the "hash_len" (hash and length) of a null-terminated string */ extern u64 __pure hashlen_string(const void *salt, const char *name); #endif /* __LINUX_STRINGHASH_H */
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1215 1216 1217 1218 1219 1220 1221 1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * Implementation of the kernel access vector cache (AVC). * * Authors: Stephen Smalley, <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> * James Morris <jmorris@redhat.com> * * Update: KaiGai, Kohei <kaigai@ak.jp.nec.com> * Replaced the avc_lock spinlock by RCU. * * Copyright (C) 2003 Red Hat, Inc., James Morris <jmorris@redhat.com> */ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/dcache.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <linux/un.h> #include <net/af_unix.h> #include <linux/ip.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <net/ipv6.h> #include "avc.h" #include "avc_ss.h" #include "classmap.h" #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <trace/events/avc.h> #define AVC_CACHE_SLOTS 512 #define AVC_DEF_CACHE_THRESHOLD 512 #define AVC_CACHE_RECLAIM 16 #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_AVC_STATS #define avc_cache_stats_incr(field) this_cpu_inc(avc_cache_stats.field) #else #define avc_cache_stats_incr(field) do {} while (0) #endif struct avc_entry { u32 ssid; u32 tsid; u16 tclass; struct av_decision avd; struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node; }; struct avc_node { struct avc_entry ae; struct hlist_node list; /* anchored in avc_cache->slots[i] */ struct rcu_head rhead; }; struct avc_xperms_decision_node { struct extended_perms_decision xpd; struct list_head xpd_list; /* list of extended_perms_decision */ }; struct avc_xperms_node { struct extended_perms xp; struct list_head xpd_head; /* list head of extended_perms_decision */ }; struct avc_cache { struct hlist_head slots[AVC_CACHE_SLOTS]; /* head for avc_node->list */ spinlock_t slots_lock[AVC_CACHE_SLOTS]; /* lock for writes */ atomic_t lru_hint; /* LRU hint for reclaim scan */ atomic_t active_nodes; u32 latest_notif; /* latest revocation notification */ }; struct avc_callback_node { int (*callback) (u32 event); u32 events; struct avc_callback_node *next; }; #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_AVC_STATS DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct avc_cache_stats, avc_cache_stats) = { 0 }; #endif struct selinux_avc { unsigned int avc_cache_threshold; struct avc_cache avc_cache; }; static struct selinux_avc selinux_avc; void selinux_avc_init(struct selinux_avc **avc) { int i; selinux_avc.avc_cache_threshold = AVC_DEF_CACHE_THRESHOLD; for (i = 0; i < AVC_CACHE_SLOTS; i++) { INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&selinux_avc.avc_cache.slots[i]); spin_lock_init(&selinux_avc.avc_cache.slots_lock[i]); } atomic_set(&selinux_avc.avc_cache.active_nodes, 0); atomic_set(&selinux_avc.avc_cache.lru_hint, 0); *avc = &selinux_avc; } unsigned int avc_get_cache_threshold(struct selinux_avc *avc) { return avc->avc_cache_threshold; } void avc_set_cache_threshold(struct selinux_avc *avc, unsigned int cache_threshold) { avc->avc_cache_threshold = cache_threshold; } static struct avc_callback_node *avc_callbacks; static struct kmem_cache *avc_node_cachep; static struct kmem_cache *avc_xperms_data_cachep; static struct kmem_cache *avc_xperms_decision_cachep; static struct kmem_cache *avc_xperms_cachep; static inline int avc_hash(u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass) { return (ssid ^ (tsid<<2) ^ (tclass<<4)) & (AVC_CACHE_SLOTS - 1); } /** * avc_init - Initialize the AVC. * * Initialize the access vector cache. */ void __init avc_init(void) { avc_node_cachep = kmem_cache_create("avc_node", sizeof(struct avc_node), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); avc_xperms_cachep = kmem_cache_create("avc_xperms_node", sizeof(struct avc_xperms_node), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); avc_xperms_decision_cachep = kmem_cache_create( "avc_xperms_decision_node", sizeof(struct avc_xperms_decision_node), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); avc_xperms_data_cachep = kmem_cache_create("avc_xperms_data", sizeof(struct extended_perms_data), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); } int avc_get_hash_stats(struct selinux_avc *avc, char *page) { int i, chain_len, max_chain_len, slots_used; struct avc_node *node; struct hlist_head *head; rcu_read_lock(); slots_used = 0; max_chain_len = 0; for (i = 0; i < AVC_CACHE_SLOTS; i++) { head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[i]; if (!hlist_empty(head)) { slots_used++; chain_len = 0; hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(node, head, list) chain_len++; if (chain_len > max_chain_len) max_chain_len = chain_len; } } rcu_read_unlock(); return scnprintf(page, PAGE_SIZE, "entries: %d\nbuckets used: %d/%d\n" "longest chain: %d\n", atomic_read(&avc->avc_cache.active_nodes), slots_used, AVC_CACHE_SLOTS, max_chain_len); } /* * using a linked list for extended_perms_decision lookup because the list is * always small. i.e. less than 5, typically 1 */ static struct extended_perms_decision *avc_xperms_decision_lookup(u8 driver, struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node) { struct avc_xperms_decision_node *xpd_node; list_for_each_entry(xpd_node, &xp_node->xpd_head, xpd_list) { if (xpd_node->xpd.driver == driver) return &xpd_node->xpd; } return NULL; } static inline unsigned int avc_xperms_has_perm(struct extended_perms_decision *xpd, u8 perm, u8 which) { unsigned int rc = 0; if ((which == XPERMS_ALLOWED) && (xpd->used & XPERMS_ALLOWED)) rc = security_xperm_test(xpd->allowed->p, perm); else if ((which == XPERMS_AUDITALLOW) && (xpd->used & XPERMS_AUDITALLOW)) rc = security_xperm_test(xpd->auditallow->p, perm); else if ((which == XPERMS_DONTAUDIT) && (xpd->used & XPERMS_DONTAUDIT)) rc = security_xperm_test(xpd->dontaudit->p, perm); return rc; } static void avc_xperms_allow_perm(struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node, u8 driver, u8 perm) { struct extended_perms_decision *xpd; security_xperm_set(xp_node->xp.drivers.p, driver); xpd = avc_xperms_decision_lookup(driver, xp_node); if (xpd && xpd->allowed) security_xperm_set(xpd->allowed->p, perm); } static void avc_xperms_decision_free(struct avc_xperms_decision_node *xpd_node) { struct extended_perms_decision *xpd; xpd = &xpd_node->xpd; if (xpd->allowed) kmem_cache_free(avc_xperms_data_cachep, xpd->allowed); if (xpd->auditallow) kmem_cache_free(avc_xperms_data_cachep, xpd->auditallow); if (xpd->dontaudit) kmem_cache_free(avc_xperms_data_cachep, xpd->dontaudit); kmem_cache_free(avc_xperms_decision_cachep, xpd_node); } static void avc_xperms_free(struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node) { struct avc_xperms_decision_node *xpd_node, *tmp; if (!xp_node) return; list_for_each_entry_safe(xpd_node, tmp, &xp_node->xpd_head, xpd_list) { list_del(&xpd_node->xpd_list); avc_xperms_decision_free(xpd_node); } kmem_cache_free(avc_xperms_cachep, xp_node); } static void avc_copy_xperms_decision(struct extended_perms_decision *dest, struct extended_perms_decision *src) { dest->driver = src->driver; dest->used = src->used; if (dest->used & XPERMS_ALLOWED) memcpy(dest->allowed->p, src->allowed->p, sizeof(src->allowed->p)); if (dest->used & XPERMS_AUDITALLOW) memcpy(dest->auditallow->p, src->auditallow->p, sizeof(src->auditallow->p)); if (dest->used & XPERMS_DONTAUDIT) memcpy(dest->dontaudit->p, src->dontaudit->p, sizeof(src->dontaudit->p)); } /* * similar to avc_copy_xperms_decision, but only copy decision * information relevant to this perm */ static inline void avc_quick_copy_xperms_decision(u8 perm, struct extended_perms_decision *dest, struct extended_perms_decision *src) { /* * compute index of the u32 of the 256 bits (8 u32s) that contain this * command permission */ u8 i = perm >> 5; dest->used = src->used; if (dest->used & XPERMS_ALLOWED) dest->allowed->p[i] = src->allowed->p[i]; if (dest->used & XPERMS_AUDITALLOW) dest->auditallow->p[i] = src->auditallow->p[i]; if (dest->used & XPERMS_DONTAUDIT) dest->dontaudit->p[i] = src->dontaudit->p[i]; } static struct avc_xperms_decision_node *avc_xperms_decision_alloc(u8 which) { struct avc_xperms_decision_node *xpd_node; struct extended_perms_decision *xpd; xpd_node = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_xperms_decision_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!xpd_node) return NULL; xpd = &xpd_node->xpd; if (which & XPERMS_ALLOWED) { xpd->allowed = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_xperms_data_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!xpd->allowed) goto error; } if (which & XPERMS_AUDITALLOW) { xpd->auditallow = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_xperms_data_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!xpd->auditallow) goto error; } if (which & XPERMS_DONTAUDIT) { xpd->dontaudit = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_xperms_data_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!xpd->dontaudit) goto error; } return xpd_node; error: avc_xperms_decision_free(xpd_node); return NULL; } static int avc_add_xperms_decision(struct avc_node *node, struct extended_perms_decision *src) { struct avc_xperms_decision_node *dest_xpd; node->ae.xp_node->xp.len++; dest_xpd = avc_xperms_decision_alloc(src->used); if (!dest_xpd) return -ENOMEM; avc_copy_xperms_decision(&dest_xpd->xpd, src); list_add(&dest_xpd->xpd_list, &node->ae.xp_node->xpd_head); return 0; } static struct avc_xperms_node *avc_xperms_alloc(void) { struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node; xp_node = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_xperms_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!xp_node) return xp_node; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&xp_node->xpd_head); return xp_node; } static int avc_xperms_populate(struct avc_node *node, struct avc_xperms_node *src) { struct avc_xperms_node *dest; struct avc_xperms_decision_node *dest_xpd; struct avc_xperms_decision_node *src_xpd; if (src->xp.len == 0) return 0; dest = avc_xperms_alloc(); if (!dest) return -ENOMEM; memcpy(dest->xp.drivers.p, src->xp.drivers.p, sizeof(dest->xp.drivers.p)); dest->xp.len = src->xp.len; /* for each source xpd allocate a destination xpd and copy */ list_for_each_entry(src_xpd, &src->xpd_head, xpd_list) { dest_xpd = avc_xperms_decision_alloc(src_xpd->xpd.used); if (!dest_xpd) goto error; avc_copy_xperms_decision(&dest_xpd->xpd, &src_xpd->xpd); list_add(&dest_xpd->xpd_list, &dest->xpd_head); } node->ae.xp_node = dest; return 0; error: avc_xperms_free(dest); return -ENOMEM; } static inline u32 avc_xperms_audit_required(u32 requested, struct av_decision *avd, struct extended_perms_decision *xpd, u8 perm, int result, u32 *deniedp) { u32 denied, audited; denied = requested & ~avd->allowed; if (unlikely(denied)) { audited = denied & avd->auditdeny; if (audited && xpd) { if (avc_xperms_has_perm(xpd, perm, XPERMS_DONTAUDIT)) audited &= ~requested; } } else if (result) { audited = denied = requested; } else { audited = requested & avd->auditallow; if (audited && xpd) { if (!avc_xperms_has_perm(xpd, perm, XPERMS_AUDITALLOW)) audited &= ~requested; } } *deniedp = denied; return audited; } static inline int avc_xperms_audit(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, struct av_decision *avd, struct extended_perms_decision *xpd, u8 perm, int result, struct common_audit_data *ad) { u32 audited, denied; audited = avc_xperms_audit_required( requested, avd, xpd, perm, result, &denied); if (likely(!audited)) return 0; return slow_avc_audit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, audited, denied, result, ad); } static void avc_node_free(struct rcu_head *rhead) { struct avc_node *node = container_of(rhead, struct avc_node, rhead); avc_xperms_free(node->ae.xp_node); kmem_cache_free(avc_node_cachep, node); avc_cache_stats_incr(frees); } static void avc_node_delete(struct selinux_avc *avc, struct avc_node *node) { hlist_del_rcu(&node->list); call_rcu(&node->rhead, avc_node_free); atomic_dec(&avc->avc_cache.active_nodes); } static void avc_node_kill(struct selinux_avc *avc, struct avc_node *node) { avc_xperms_free(node->ae.xp_node); kmem_cache_free(avc_node_cachep, node); avc_cache_stats_incr(frees); atomic_dec(&avc->avc_cache.active_nodes); } static void avc_node_replace(struct selinux_avc *avc, struct avc_node *new, struct avc_node *old) { hlist_replace_rcu(&old->list, &new->list); call_rcu(&old->rhead, avc_node_free); atomic_dec(&avc->avc_cache.active_nodes); } static inline int avc_reclaim_node(struct selinux_avc *avc) { struct avc_node *node; int hvalue, try, ecx; unsigned long flags; struct hlist_head *head; spinlock_t *lock; for (try = 0, ecx = 0; try < AVC_CACHE_SLOTS; try++) { hvalue = atomic_inc_return(&avc->avc_cache.lru_hint) & (AVC_CACHE_SLOTS - 1); head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[hvalue]; lock = &avc->avc_cache.slots_lock[hvalue]; if (!spin_trylock_irqsave(lock, flags)) continue; rcu_read_lock(); hlist_for_each_entry(node, head, list) { avc_node_delete(avc, node); avc_cache_stats_incr(reclaims); ecx++; if (ecx >= AVC_CACHE_RECLAIM) { rcu_read_unlock(); spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flags); goto out; } } rcu_read_unlock(); spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flags); } out: return ecx; } static struct avc_node *avc_alloc_node(struct selinux_avc *avc) { struct avc_node *node; node = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_node_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!node) goto out; INIT_HLIST_NODE(&node->list); avc_cache_stats_incr(allocations); if (atomic_inc_return(&avc->avc_cache.active_nodes) > avc->avc_cache_threshold) avc_reclaim_node(avc); out: return node; } static void avc_node_populate(struct avc_node *node, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, struct av_decision *avd) { node->ae.ssid = ssid; node->ae.tsid = tsid; node->ae.tclass = tclass; memcpy(&node->ae.avd, avd, sizeof(node->ae.avd)); } static inline struct avc_node *avc_search_node(struct selinux_avc *avc, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass) { struct avc_node *node, *ret = NULL; int hvalue; struct hlist_head *head; hvalue = avc_hash(ssid, tsid, tclass); head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[hvalue]; hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(node, head, list) { if (ssid == node->ae.ssid && tclass == node->ae.tclass && tsid == node->ae.tsid) { ret = node; break; } } return ret; } /** * avc_lookup - Look up an AVC entry. * @ssid: source security identifier * @tsid: target security identifier * @tclass: target security class * * Look up an AVC entry that is valid for the * (@ssid, @tsid), interpreting the permissions * based on @tclass. If a valid AVC entry exists, * then this function returns the avc_node. * Otherwise, this function returns NULL. */ static struct avc_node *avc_lookup(struct selinux_avc *avc, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass) { struct avc_node *node; avc_cache_stats_incr(lookups); node = avc_search_node(avc, ssid, tsid, tclass); if (node) return node; avc_cache_stats_incr(misses); return NULL; } static int avc_latest_notif_update(struct selinux_avc *avc, int seqno, int is_insert) { int ret = 0; static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(notif_lock); unsigned long flag; spin_lock_irqsave(&notif_lock, flag); if (is_insert) { if (seqno < avc->avc_cache.latest_notif) { pr_warn("SELinux: avc: seqno %d < latest_notif %d\n", seqno, avc->avc_cache.latest_notif); ret = -EAGAIN; } } else { if (seqno > avc->avc_cache.latest_notif) avc->avc_cache.latest_notif = seqno; } spin_unlock_irqrestore(&notif_lock, flag); return ret; } /** * avc_insert - Insert an AVC entry. * @ssid: source security identifier * @tsid: target security identifier * @tclass: target security class * @avd: resulting av decision * @xp_node: resulting extended permissions * * Insert an AVC entry for the SID pair * (@ssid, @tsid) and class @tclass. * The access vectors and the sequence number are * normally provided by the security server in * response to a security_compute_av() call. If the * sequence number @avd->seqno is not less than the latest * revocation notification, then the function copies * the access vectors into a cache entry, returns * avc_node inserted. Otherwise, this function returns NULL. */ static struct avc_node *avc_insert(struct selinux_avc *avc, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, struct av_decision *avd, struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node) { struct avc_node *pos, *node = NULL; int hvalue; unsigned long flag; spinlock_t *lock; struct hlist_head *head; if (avc_latest_notif_update(avc, avd->seqno, 1)) return NULL; node = avc_alloc_node(avc); if (!node) return NULL; avc_node_populate(node, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd); if (avc_xperms_populate(node, xp_node)) { avc_node_kill(avc, node); return NULL; } hvalue = avc_hash(ssid, tsid, tclass); head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[hvalue]; lock = &avc->avc_cache.slots_lock[hvalue]; spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flag); hlist_for_each_entry(pos, head, list) { if (pos->ae.ssid == ssid && pos->ae.tsid == tsid && pos->ae.tclass == tclass) { avc_node_replace(avc, node, pos); goto found; } } hlist_add_head_rcu(&node->list, head); found: spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flag); return node; } /** * avc_audit_pre_callback - SELinux specific information * will be called by generic audit code * @ab: the audit buffer * @a: audit_data */ static void avc_audit_pre_callback(struct audit_buffer *ab, void *a) { struct common_audit_data *ad = a; struct selinux_audit_data *sad = ad->selinux_audit_data; u32 av = sad->audited; const char **perms; int i, perm; audit_log_format(ab, "avc: %s ", sad->denied ? "denied" : "granted"); if (av == 0) { audit_log_format(ab, " null"); return; } perms = secclass_map[sad->tclass-1].perms; audit_log_format(ab, " {"); i = 0; perm = 1; while (i < (sizeof(av) * 8)) { if ((perm & av) && perms[i]) { audit_log_format(ab, " %s", perms[i]); av &= ~perm; } i++; perm <<= 1; } if (av) audit_log_format(ab, " 0x%x", av); audit_log_format(ab, " } for "); } /** * avc_audit_post_callback - SELinux specific information * will be called by generic audit code * @ab: the audit buffer * @a: audit_data */ static void avc_audit_post_callback(struct audit_buffer *ab, void *a) { struct common_audit_data *ad = a; struct selinux_audit_data *sad = ad->selinux_audit_data; char *scontext = NULL; char *tcontext = NULL; const char *tclass = NULL; u32 scontext_len; u32 tcontext_len; int rc; rc = security_sid_to_context(sad->state, sad->ssid, &scontext, &scontext_len); if (rc) audit_log_format(ab, " ssid=%d", sad->ssid); else audit_log_format(ab, " scontext=%s", scontext); rc = security_sid_to_context(sad->state, sad->tsid, &tcontext, &tcontext_len); if (rc) audit_log_format(ab, " tsid=%d", sad->tsid); else audit_log_format(ab, " tcontext=%s", tcontext); tclass = secclass_map[sad->tclass-1].name; audit_log_format(ab, " tclass=%s", tclass); if (sad->denied) audit_log_format(ab, " permissive=%u", sad->result ? 0 : 1); trace_selinux_audited(sad, scontext, tcontext, tclass); kfree(tcontext); kfree(scontext); /* in case of invalid context report also the actual context string */ rc = security_sid_to_context_inval(sad->state, sad->ssid, &scontext, &scontext_len); if (!rc && scontext) { if (scontext_len && scontext[scontext_len - 1] == '\0') scontext_len--; audit_log_format(ab, " srawcon="); audit_log_n_untrustedstring(ab, scontext, scontext_len); kfree(scontext); } rc = security_sid_to_context_inval(sad->state, sad->tsid, &scontext, &scontext_len); if (!rc && scontext) { if (scontext_len && scontext[scontext_len - 1] == '\0') scontext_len--; audit_log_format(ab, " trawcon="); audit_log_n_untrustedstring(ab, scontext, scontext_len); kfree(scontext); } } /* This is the slow part of avc audit with big stack footprint */ noinline int slow_avc_audit(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, u32 audited, u32 denied, int result, struct common_audit_data *a) { struct common_audit_data stack_data; struct selinux_audit_data sad; if (WARN_ON(!tclass || tclass >= ARRAY_SIZE(secclass_map))) return -EINVAL; if (!a) { a = &stack_data; a->type = LSM_AUDIT_DATA_NONE; } sad.tclass = tclass; sad.requested = requested; sad.ssid = ssid; sad.tsid = tsid; sad.audited = audited; sad.denied = denied; sad.result = result; sad.state = state; a->selinux_audit_data = &sad; common_lsm_audit(a, avc_audit_pre_callback, avc_audit_post_callback); return 0; } /** * avc_add_callback - Register a callback for security events. * @callback: callback function * @events: security events * * Register a callback function for events in the set @events. * Returns %0 on success or -%ENOMEM if insufficient memory * exists to add the callback. */ int __init avc_add_callback(int (*callback)(u32 event), u32 events) { struct avc_callback_node *c; int rc = 0; c = kmalloc(sizeof(*c), GFP_KERNEL); if (!c) { rc = -ENOMEM; goto out; } c->callback = callback; c->events = events; c->next = avc_callbacks; avc_callbacks = c; out: return rc; } /** * avc_update_node Update an AVC entry * @event : Updating event * @perms : Permission mask bits * @ssid,@tsid,@tclass : identifier of an AVC entry * @seqno : sequence number when decision was made * @xpd: extended_perms_decision to be added to the node * @flags: the AVC_* flags, e.g. AVC_NONBLOCKING, AVC_EXTENDED_PERMS, or 0. * * if a valid AVC entry doesn't exist,this function returns -ENOENT. * if kmalloc() called internal returns NULL, this function returns -ENOMEM. * otherwise, this function updates the AVC entry. The original AVC-entry object * will release later by RCU. */ static int avc_update_node(struct selinux_avc *avc, u32 event, u32 perms, u8 driver, u8 xperm, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 seqno, struct extended_perms_decision *xpd, u32 flags) { int hvalue, rc = 0; unsigned long flag; struct avc_node *pos, *node, *orig = NULL; struct hlist_head *head; spinlock_t *lock; /* * If we are in a non-blocking code path, e.g. VFS RCU walk, * then we must not add permissions to a cache entry * because we will not audit the denial. Otherwise, * during the subsequent blocking retry (e.g. VFS ref walk), we * will find the permissions already granted in the cache entry * and won't audit anything at all, leading to silent denials in * permissive mode that only appear when in enforcing mode. * * See the corresponding handling of MAY_NOT_BLOCK in avc_audit() * and selinux_inode_permission(). */ if (flags & AVC_NONBLOCKING) return 0; node = avc_alloc_node(avc); if (!node) { rc = -ENOMEM; goto out; } /* Lock the target slot */ hvalue = avc_hash(ssid, tsid, tclass); head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[hvalue]; lock = &avc->avc_cache.slots_lock[hvalue]; spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flag); hlist_for_each_entry(pos, head, list) { if (ssid == pos->ae.ssid && tsid == pos->ae.tsid && tclass == pos->ae.tclass && seqno == pos->ae.avd.seqno){ orig = pos; break; } } if (!orig) { rc = -ENOENT; avc_node_kill(avc, node); goto out_unlock; } /* * Copy and replace original node. */ avc_node_populate(node, ssid, tsid, tclass, &orig->ae.avd); if (orig->ae.xp_node) { rc = avc_xperms_populate(node, orig->ae.xp_node); if (rc) { avc_node_kill(avc, node); goto out_unlock; } } switch (event) { case AVC_CALLBACK_GRANT: node->ae.avd.allowed |= perms; if (node->ae.xp_node && (flags & AVC_EXTENDED_PERMS)) avc_xperms_allow_perm(node->ae.xp_node, driver, xperm); break; case AVC_CALLBACK_TRY_REVOKE: case AVC_CALLBACK_REVOKE: node->ae.avd.allowed &= ~perms; break; case AVC_CALLBACK_AUDITALLOW_ENABLE: node->ae.avd.auditallow |= perms; break; case AVC_CALLBACK_AUDITALLOW_DISABLE: node->ae.avd.auditallow &= ~perms; break; case AVC_CALLBACK_AUDITDENY_ENABLE: node->ae.avd.auditdeny |= perms; break; case AVC_CALLBACK_AUDITDENY_DISABLE: node->ae.avd.auditdeny &= ~perms; break; case AVC_CALLBACK_ADD_XPERMS: avc_add_xperms_decision(node, xpd); break; } avc_node_replace(avc, node, orig); out_unlock: spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flag); out: return rc; } /** * avc_flush - Flush the cache */ static void avc_flush(struct selinux_avc *avc) { struct hlist_head *head; struct avc_node *node; spinlock_t *lock; unsigned long flag; int i; for (i = 0; i < AVC_CACHE_SLOTS; i++) { head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[i]; lock = &avc->avc_cache.slots_lock[i]; spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flag); /* * With preemptable RCU, the outer spinlock does not * prevent RCU grace periods from ending. */ rcu_read_lock(); hlist_for_each_entry(node, head, list) avc_node_delete(avc, node); rcu_read_unlock(); spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flag); } } /** * avc_ss_reset - Flush the cache and revalidate migrated permissions. * @seqno: policy sequence number */ int avc_ss_reset(struct selinux_avc *avc, u32 seqno) { struct avc_callback_node *c; int rc = 0, tmprc; avc_flush(avc); for (c = avc_callbacks; c; c = c->next) { if (c->events & AVC_CALLBACK_RESET) { tmprc = c->callback(AVC_CALLBACK_RESET); /* save the first error encountered for the return value and continue processing the callbacks */ if (!rc) rc = tmprc; } } avc_latest_notif_update(avc, seqno, 0); return rc; } /* * Slow-path helper function for avc_has_perm_noaudit, * when the avc_node lookup fails. We get called with * the RCU read lock held, and need to return with it * still held, but drop if for the security compute. * * Don't inline this, since it's the slow-path and just * results in a bigger stack frame. */ static noinline struct avc_node *avc_compute_av(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, struct av_decision *avd, struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node) { rcu_read_unlock(); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&xp_node->xpd_head); security_compute_av(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd, &xp_node->xp); rcu_read_lock(); return avc_insert(state->avc, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd, xp_node); } static noinline int avc_denied(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, u8 driver, u8 xperm, unsigned int flags, struct av_decision *avd) { if (flags & AVC_STRICT) return -EACCES; if (enforcing_enabled(state) && !(avd->flags & AVD_FLAGS_PERMISSIVE)) return -EACCES; avc_update_node(state->avc, AVC_CALLBACK_GRANT, requested, driver, xperm, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd->seqno, NULL, flags); return 0; } /* * The avc extended permissions logic adds an additional 256 bits of * permissions to an avc node when extended permissions for that node are * specified in the avtab. If the additional 256 permissions is not adequate, * as-is the case with ioctls, then multiple may be chained together and the * driver field is used to specify which set contains the permission. */ int avc_has_extended_perms(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, u8 driver, u8 xperm, struct common_audit_data *ad) { struct avc_node *node; struct av_decision avd; u32 denied; struct extended_perms_decision local_xpd; struct extended_perms_decision *xpd = NULL; struct extended_perms_data allowed; struct extended_perms_data auditallow; struct extended_perms_data dontaudit; struct avc_xperms_node local_xp_node; struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node; int rc = 0, rc2; xp_node = &local_xp_node; if (WARN_ON(!requested)) return -EACCES; rcu_read_lock(); node = avc_lookup(state->avc, ssid, tsid, tclass); if (unlikely(!node)) { node = avc_compute_av(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, &avd, xp_node); } else { memcpy(&avd, &node->ae.avd, sizeof(avd)); xp_node = node->ae.xp_node; } /* if extended permissions are not defined, only consider av_decision */ if (!xp_node || !xp_node->xp.len) goto decision; local_xpd.allowed = &allowed; local_xpd.auditallow = &auditallow; local_xpd.dontaudit = &dontaudit; xpd = avc_xperms_decision_lookup(driver, xp_node); if (unlikely(!xpd)) { /* * Compute the extended_perms_decision only if the driver * is flagged */ if (!security_xperm_test(xp_node->xp.drivers.p, driver)) { avd.allowed &= ~requested; goto decision; } rcu_read_unlock(); security_compute_xperms_decision(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, driver, &local_xpd); rcu_read_lock(); avc_update_node(state->avc, AVC_CALLBACK_ADD_XPERMS, requested, driver, xperm, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd.seqno, &local_xpd, 0); } else { avc_quick_copy_xperms_decision(xperm, &local_xpd, xpd); } xpd = &local_xpd; if (!avc_xperms_has_perm(xpd, xperm, XPERMS_ALLOWED)) avd.allowed &= ~requested; decision: denied = requested & ~(avd.allowed); if (unlikely(denied)) rc = avc_denied(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, driver, xperm, AVC_EXTENDED_PERMS, &avd); rcu_read_unlock(); rc2 = avc_xperms_audit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, &avd, xpd, xperm, rc, ad); if (rc2) return rc2; return rc; } /** * avc_has_perm_noaudit - Check permissions but perform no auditing. * @ssid: source security identifier * @tsid: target security identifier * @tclass: target security class * @requested: requested permissions, interpreted based on @tclass * @flags: AVC_STRICT, AVC_NONBLOCKING, or 0 * @avd: access vector decisions * * Check the AVC to determine whether the @requested permissions are granted * for the SID pair (@ssid, @tsid), interpreting the permissions * based on @tclass, and call the security server on a cache miss to obtain * a new decision and add it to the cache. Return a copy of the decisions * in @avd. Return %0 if all @requested permissions are granted, * -%EACCES if any permissions are denied, or another -errno upon * other errors. This function is typically called by avc_has_perm(), * but may also be called directly to separate permission checking from * auditing, e.g. in cases where a lock must be held for the check but * should be released for the auditing. */ inline int avc_has_perm_noaudit(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, unsigned int flags, struct av_decision *avd) { struct avc_node *node; struct avc_xperms_node xp_node; int rc = 0; u32 denied; if (WARN_ON(!requested)) return -EACCES; rcu_read_lock(); node = avc_lookup(state->avc, ssid, tsid, tclass); if (unlikely(!node)) node = avc_compute_av(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd, &xp_node); else memcpy(avd, &node->ae.avd, sizeof(*avd)); denied = requested & ~(avd->allowed); if (unlikely(denied)) rc = avc_denied(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, 0, 0, flags, avd); rcu_read_unlock(); return rc; } /** * avc_has_perm - Check permissions and perform any appropriate auditing. * @ssid: source security identifier * @tsid: target security identifier * @tclass: target security class * @requested: requested permissions, interpreted based on @tclass * @auditdata: auxiliary audit data * * Check the AVC to determine whether the @requested permissions are granted * for the SID pair (@ssid, @tsid), interpreting the permissions * based on @tclass, and call the security server on a cache miss to obtain * a new decision and add it to the cache. Audit the granting or denial of * permissions in accordance with the policy. Return %0 if all @requested * permissions are granted, -%EACCES if any permissions are denied, or * another -errno upon other errors. */ int avc_has_perm(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, struct common_audit_data *auditdata) { struct av_decision avd; int rc, rc2; rc = avc_has_perm_noaudit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, 0, &avd); rc2 = avc_audit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, &avd, rc, auditdata, 0); if (rc2) return rc2; return rc; } int avc_has_perm_flags(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, struct common_audit_data *auditdata, int flags) { struct av_decision avd; int rc, rc2; rc = avc_has_perm_noaudit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, (flags & MAY_NOT_BLOCK) ? AVC_NONBLOCKING : 0, &avd); rc2 = avc_audit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, &avd, rc, auditdata, flags); if (rc2) return rc2; return rc; } u32 avc_policy_seqno(struct selinux_state *state) { return state->avc->avc_cache.latest_notif; } void avc_disable(void) { /* * If you are looking at this because you have realized that we are * not destroying the avc_node_cachep it might be easy to fix, but * I don't know the memory barrier semantics well enough to know. It's * possible that some other task dereferenced security_ops when * it still pointed to selinux operations. If that is the case it's * possible that it is about to use the avc and is about to need the * avc_node_cachep. I know I could wrap the security.c security_ops call * in an rcu_lock, but seriously, it's not worth it. Instead I just flush * the cache and get that memory back. */ if (avc_node_cachep) { avc_flush(selinux_state.avc); /* kmem_cache_destroy(avc_node_cachep); */ } }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Definitions for the UDP-Lite (RFC 3828) code. */ #ifndef _UDPLITE_H #define _UDPLITE_H #include <net/ip6_checksum.h> /* UDP-Lite socket options */ #define UDPLITE_SEND_CSCOV 10 /* sender partial coverage (as sent) */ #define UDPLITE_RECV_CSCOV 11 /* receiver partial coverage (threshold ) */ extern struct proto udplite_prot; extern struct udp_table udplite_table; /* * Checksum computation is all in software, hence simpler getfrag. */ static __inline__ int udplite_getfrag(void *from, char *to, int offset, int len, int odd, struct sk_buff *skb) { struct msghdr *msg = from; return copy_from_iter_full(to, len, &msg->msg_iter) ? 0 : -EFAULT; } /* Designate sk as UDP-Lite socket */ static inline int udplite_sk_init(struct sock *sk) { udp_init_sock(sk); udp_sk(sk)->pcflag = UDPLITE_BIT; return 0; } /* * Checksumming routines */ static inline int udplite_checksum_init(struct sk_buff *skb, struct udphdr *uh) { u16 cscov; /* In UDPv4 a zero checksum means that the transmitter generated no * checksum. UDP-Lite (like IPv6) mandates checksums, hence packets * with a zero checksum field are illegal. */ if (uh->check == 0) { net_dbg_ratelimited("UDPLite: zeroed checksum field\n"); return 1; } cscov = ntohs(uh->len); if (cscov == 0) /* Indicates that full coverage is required. */ ; else if (cscov < 8 || cscov > skb->len) { /* * Coverage length violates RFC 3828: log and discard silently. */ net_dbg_ratelimited("UDPLite: bad csum coverage %d/%d\n", cscov, skb->len); return 1; } else if (cscov < skb->len) { UDP_SKB_CB(skb)->partial_cov = 1; UDP_SKB_CB(skb)->cscov = cscov; if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; skb->csum_valid = 0; } return 0; } /* Slow-path computation of checksum. Socket is locked. */ static inline __wsum udplite_csum_outgoing(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { const struct udp_sock *up = udp_sk(skb->sk); int cscov = up->len; __wsum csum = 0; if (up->pcflag & UDPLITE_SEND_CC) { /* * Sender has set `partial coverage' option on UDP-Lite socket. * The special case "up->pcslen == 0" signifies full coverage. */ if (up->pcslen < up->len) { if (0 < up->pcslen) cscov = up->pcslen; udp_hdr(skb)->len = htons(up->pcslen); } /* * NOTE: Causes for the error case `up->pcslen > up->len': * (i) Application error (will not be penalized). * (ii) Payload too big for send buffer: data is split * into several packets, each with its own header. * In this case (e.g. last segment), coverage may * exceed packet length. * Since packets with coverage length > packet length are * illegal, we fall back to the defaults here. */ } skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; /* no HW support for checksumming */ skb_queue_walk(&sk->sk_write_queue, skb) { const int off = skb_transport_offset(skb); const int len = skb->len - off; csum = skb_checksum(skb, off, (cscov > len)? len : cscov, csum); if ((cscov -= len) <= 0) break; } return csum; } /* Fast-path computation of checksum. Socket may not be locked. */ static inline __wsum udplite_csum(struct sk_buff *skb) { const struct udp_sock *up = udp_sk(skb->sk); const int off = skb_transport_offset(skb); int len = skb->len - off; if ((up->pcflag & UDPLITE_SEND_CC) && up->pcslen < len) { if (0 < up->pcslen) len = up->pcslen; udp_hdr(skb)->len = htons(up->pcslen); } skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; /* no HW support for checksumming */ return skb_checksum(skb, off, len, 0); } void udplite4_register(void); int udplite_get_port(struct sock *sk, unsigned short snum, int (*scmp)(const struct sock *, const struct sock *)); #endif /* _UDPLITE_H */
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1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note */ /* * This file holds USB constants and structures that are needed for * USB device APIs. These are used by the USB device model, which is * defined in chapter 9 of the USB 2.0 specification and in the * Wireless USB 1.0 (spread around). Linux has several APIs in C that * need these: * * - the master/host side Linux-USB kernel driver API; * - the "usbfs" user space API; and * - the Linux "gadget" slave/device/peripheral side driver API. * * USB 2.0 adds an additional "On The Go" (OTG) mode, which lets systems * act either as a USB master/host or as a USB slave/device. That means * the master and slave side APIs benefit from working well together. * * There's also "Wireless USB", using low power short range radios for * peripheral interconnection but otherwise building on the USB framework. * * Note all descriptors are declared '__attribute__((packed))' so that: * * [a] they never get padded, either internally (USB spec writers * probably handled that) or externally; * * [b] so that accessing bigger-than-a-bytes fields will never * generate bus errors on any platform, even when the location of * its descriptor inside a bundle isn't "naturally aligned", and * * [c] for consistency, removing all doubt even when it appears to * someone that the two other points are non-issues for that * particular descriptor type. */ #ifndef _UAPI__LINUX_USB_CH9_H #define _UAPI__LINUX_USB_CH9_H #include <linux/types.h> /* __u8 etc */ #include <asm/byteorder.h> /* le16_to_cpu */ /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* CONTROL REQUEST SUPPORT */ /* * USB directions * * This bit flag is used in endpoint descriptors' bEndpointAddress field. * It's also one of three fields in control requests bRequestType. */ #define USB_DIR_OUT 0 /* to device */ #define USB_DIR_IN 0x80 /* to host */ /* * USB types, the second of three bRequestType fields */ #define USB_TYPE_MASK (0x03 << 5) #define USB_TYPE_STANDARD (0x00 << 5) #define USB_TYPE_CLASS (0x01 << 5) #define USB_TYPE_VENDOR (0x02 << 5) #define USB_TYPE_RESERVED (0x03 << 5) /* * USB recipients, the third of three bRequestType fields */ #define USB_RECIP_MASK 0x1f #define USB_RECIP_DEVICE 0x00 #define USB_RECIP_INTERFACE 0x01 #define USB_RECIP_ENDPOINT 0x02 #define USB_RECIP_OTHER 0x03 /* From Wireless USB 1.0 */ #define USB_RECIP_PORT 0x04 #define USB_RECIP_RPIPE 0x05 /* * Standard requests, for the bRequest field of a SETUP packet. * * These are qualified by the bRequestType field, so that for example * TYPE_CLASS or TYPE_VENDOR specific feature flags could be retrieved * by a GET_STATUS request. */ #define USB_REQ_GET_STATUS 0x00 #define USB_REQ_CLEAR_FEATURE 0x01 #define USB_REQ_SET_FEATURE 0x03 #define USB_REQ_SET_ADDRESS 0x05 #define USB_REQ_GET_DESCRIPTOR 0x06 #define USB_REQ_SET_DESCRIPTOR 0x07 #define USB_REQ_GET_CONFIGURATION 0x08 #define USB_REQ_SET_CONFIGURATION 0x09 #define USB_REQ_GET_INTERFACE 0x0A #define USB_REQ_SET_INTERFACE 0x0B #define USB_REQ_SYNCH_FRAME 0x0C #define USB_REQ_SET_SEL 0x30 #define USB_REQ_SET_ISOCH_DELAY 0x31 #define USB_REQ_SET_ENCRYPTION 0x0D /* Wireless USB */ #define USB_REQ_GET_ENCRYPTION 0x0E #define USB_REQ_RPIPE_ABORT 0x0E #define USB_REQ_SET_HANDSHAKE 0x0F #define USB_REQ_RPIPE_RESET 0x0F #define USB_REQ_GET_HANDSHAKE 0x10 #define USB_REQ_SET_CONNECTION 0x11 #define USB_REQ_SET_SECURITY_DATA 0x12 #define USB_REQ_GET_SECURITY_DATA 0x13 #define USB_REQ_SET_WUSB_DATA 0x14 #define USB_REQ_LOOPBACK_DATA_WRITE 0x15 #define USB_REQ_LOOPBACK_DATA_READ 0x16 #define USB_REQ_SET_INTERFACE_DS 0x17 /* specific requests for USB Power Delivery */ #define USB_REQ_GET_PARTNER_PDO 20 #define USB_REQ_GET_BATTERY_STATUS 21 #define USB_REQ_SET_PDO 22 #define USB_REQ_GET_VDM 23 #define USB_REQ_SEND_VDM 24 /* The Link Power Management (LPM) ECN defines USB_REQ_TEST_AND_SET command, * used by hubs to put ports into a new L1 suspend state, except that it * forgot to define its number ... */ /* * USB feature flags are written using USB_REQ_{CLEAR,SET}_FEATURE, and * are read as a bit array returned by USB_REQ_GET_STATUS. (So there * are at most sixteen features of each type.) Hubs may also support a * new USB_REQ_TEST_AND_SET_FEATURE to put ports into L1 suspend. */ #define USB_DEVICE_SELF_POWERED 0 /* (read only) */ #define USB_DEVICE_REMOTE_WAKEUP 1 /* dev may initiate wakeup */ #define USB_DEVICE_TEST_MODE 2 /* (wired high speed only) */ #define USB_DEVICE_BATTERY 2 /* (wireless) */ #define USB_DEVICE_B_HNP_ENABLE 3 /* (otg) dev may initiate HNP */ #define USB_DEVICE_WUSB_DEVICE 3 /* (wireless)*/ #define USB_DEVICE_A_HNP_SUPPORT 4 /* (otg) RH port supports HNP */ #define USB_DEVICE_A_ALT_HNP_SUPPORT 5 /* (otg) other RH port does */ #define USB_DEVICE_DEBUG_MODE 6 /* (special devices only) */ /* * Test Mode Selectors * See USB 2.0 spec Table 9-7 */ #define USB_TEST_J 1 #define USB_TEST_K 2 #define USB_TEST_SE0_NAK 3 #define USB_TEST_PACKET 4 #define USB_TEST_FORCE_ENABLE 5 /* Status Type */ #define USB_STATUS_TYPE_STANDARD 0 #define USB_STATUS_TYPE_PTM 1 /* * New Feature Selectors as added by USB 3.0 * See USB 3.0 spec Table 9-7 */ #define USB_DEVICE_U1_ENABLE 48 /* dev may initiate U1 transition */ #define USB_DEVICE_U2_ENABLE 49 /* dev may initiate U2 transition */ #define USB_DEVICE_LTM_ENABLE 50 /* dev may send LTM */ #define USB_INTRF_FUNC_SUSPEND 0 /* function suspend */ #define USB_INTR_FUNC_SUSPEND_OPT_MASK 0xFF00 /* * Suspend Options, Table 9-8 USB 3.0 spec */ #define USB_INTRF_FUNC_SUSPEND_LP (1 << (8 + 0)) #define USB_INTRF_FUNC_SUSPEND_RW (1 << (8 + 1)) /* * Interface status, Figure 9-5 USB 3.0 spec */ #define USB_INTRF_STAT_FUNC_RW_CAP 1 #define USB_INTRF_STAT_FUNC_RW 2 #define USB_ENDPOINT_HALT 0 /* IN/OUT will STALL */ /* Bit array elements as returned by the USB_REQ_GET_STATUS request. */ #define USB_DEV_STAT_U1_ENABLED 2 /* transition into U1 state */ #define USB_DEV_STAT_U2_ENABLED 3 /* transition into U2 state */ #define USB_DEV_STAT_LTM_ENABLED 4 /* Latency tolerance messages */ /* * Feature selectors from Table 9-8 USB Power Delivery spec */ #define USB_DEVICE_BATTERY_WAKE_MASK 40 #define USB_DEVICE_OS_IS_PD_AWARE 41 #define USB_DEVICE_POLICY_MODE 42 #define USB_PORT_PR_SWAP 43 #define USB_PORT_GOTO_MIN 44 #define USB_PORT_RETURN_POWER 45 #define USB_PORT_ACCEPT_PD_REQUEST 46 #define USB_PORT_REJECT_PD_REQUEST 47 #define USB_PORT_PORT_PD_RESET 48 #define USB_PORT_C_PORT_PD_CHANGE 49 #define USB_PORT_CABLE_PD_RESET 50 #define USB_DEVICE_CHARGING_POLICY 54 /** * struct usb_ctrlrequest - SETUP data for a USB device control request * @bRequestType: matches the USB bmRequestType field * @bRequest: matches the USB bRequest field * @wValue: matches the USB wValue field (le16 byte order) * @wIndex: matches the USB wIndex field (le16 byte order) * @wLength: matches the USB wLength field (le16 byte order) * * This structure is used to send control requests to a USB device. It matches * the different fields of the USB 2.0 Spec section 9.3, table 9-2. See the * USB spec for a fuller description of the different fields, and what they are * used for. * * Note that the driver for any interface can issue control requests. * For most devices, interfaces don't coordinate with each other, so * such requests may be made at any time. */ struct usb_ctrlrequest { __u8 bRequestType; __u8 bRequest; __le16 wValue; __le16 wIndex; __le16 wLength; } __attribute__ ((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* * STANDARD DESCRIPTORS ... as returned by GET_DESCRIPTOR, or * (rarely) accepted by SET_DESCRIPTOR. * * Note that all multi-byte values here are encoded in little endian * byte order "on the wire". Within the kernel and when exposed * through the Linux-USB APIs, they are not converted to cpu byte * order; it is the responsibility of the client code to do this. * The single exception is when device and configuration descriptors (but * not other descriptors) are read from character devices * (i.e. /dev/bus/usb/BBB/DDD); * in this case the fields are converted to host endianness by the kernel. */ /* * Descriptor types ... USB 2.0 spec table 9.5 */ #define USB_DT_DEVICE 0x01 #define USB_DT_CONFIG 0x02 #define USB_DT_STRING 0x03 #define USB_DT_INTERFACE 0x04 #define USB_DT_ENDPOINT 0x05 #define USB_DT_DEVICE_QUALIFIER 0x06 #define USB_DT_OTHER_SPEED_CONFIG 0x07 #define USB_DT_INTERFACE_POWER 0x08 /* these are from a minor usb 2.0 revision (ECN) */ #define USB_DT_OTG 0x09 #define USB_DT_DEBUG 0x0a #define USB_DT_INTERFACE_ASSOCIATION 0x0b /* these are from the Wireless USB spec */ #define USB_DT_SECURITY 0x0c #define USB_DT_KEY 0x0d #define USB_DT_ENCRYPTION_TYPE 0x0e #define USB_DT_BOS 0x0f #define USB_DT_DEVICE_CAPABILITY 0x10 #define USB_DT_WIRELESS_ENDPOINT_COMP 0x11 #define USB_DT_WIRE_ADAPTER 0x21 #define USB_DT_RPIPE 0x22 #define USB_DT_CS_RADIO_CONTROL 0x23 /* From the T10 UAS specification */ #define USB_DT_PIPE_USAGE 0x24 /* From the USB 3.0 spec */ #define USB_DT_SS_ENDPOINT_COMP 0x30 /* From the USB 3.1 spec */ #define USB_DT_SSP_ISOC_ENDPOINT_COMP 0x31 /* Conventional codes for class-specific descriptors. The convention is * defined in the USB "Common Class" Spec (3.11). Individual class specs * are authoritative for their usage, not the "common class" writeup. */ #define USB_DT_CS_DEVICE (USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_DT_DEVICE) #define USB_DT_CS_CONFIG (USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_DT_CONFIG) #define USB_DT_CS_STRING (USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_DT_STRING) #define USB_DT_CS_INTERFACE (USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_DT_INTERFACE) #define USB_DT_CS_ENDPOINT (USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_DT_ENDPOINT) /* All standard descriptors have these 2 fields at the beginning */ struct usb_descriptor_header { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; } __attribute__ ((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_DEVICE: Device descriptor */ struct usb_device_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 bcdUSB; __u8 bDeviceClass; __u8 bDeviceSubClass; __u8 bDeviceProtocol; __u8 bMaxPacketSize0; __le16 idVendor; __le16 idProduct; __le16 bcdDevice; __u8 iManufacturer; __u8 iProduct; __u8 iSerialNumber; __u8 bNumConfigurations; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_DEVICE_SIZE 18 /* * Device and/or Interface Class codes * as found in bDeviceClass or bInterfaceClass * and defined by www.usb.org documents */ #define USB_CLASS_PER_INTERFACE 0 /* for DeviceClass */ #define USB_CLASS_AUDIO 1 #define USB_CLASS_COMM 2 #define USB_CLASS_HID 3 #define USB_CLASS_PHYSICAL 5 #define USB_CLASS_STILL_IMAGE 6 #define USB_CLASS_PRINTER 7 #define USB_CLASS_MASS_STORAGE 8 #define USB_CLASS_HUB 9 #define USB_CLASS_CDC_DATA 0x0a #define USB_CLASS_CSCID 0x0b /* chip+ smart card */ #define USB_CLASS_CONTENT_SEC 0x0d /* content security */ #define USB_CLASS_VIDEO 0x0e #define USB_CLASS_WIRELESS_CONTROLLER 0xe0 #define USB_CLASS_PERSONAL_HEALTHCARE 0x0f #define USB_CLASS_AUDIO_VIDEO 0x10 #define USB_CLASS_BILLBOARD 0x11 #define USB_CLASS_USB_TYPE_C_BRIDGE 0x12 #define USB_CLASS_MISC 0xef #define USB_CLASS_APP_SPEC 0xfe #define USB_CLASS_VENDOR_SPEC 0xff #define USB_SUBCLASS_VENDOR_SPEC 0xff /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_CONFIG: Configuration descriptor information. * * USB_DT_OTHER_SPEED_CONFIG is the same descriptor, except that the * descriptor type is different. Highspeed-capable devices can look * different depending on what speed they're currently running. Only * devices with a USB_DT_DEVICE_QUALIFIER have any OTHER_SPEED_CONFIG * descriptors. */ struct usb_config_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 wTotalLength; __u8 bNumInterfaces; __u8 bConfigurationValue; __u8 iConfiguration; __u8 bmAttributes; __u8 bMaxPower; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_CONFIG_SIZE 9 /* from config descriptor bmAttributes */ #define USB_CONFIG_ATT_ONE (1 << 7) /* must be set */ #define USB_CONFIG_ATT_SELFPOWER (1 << 6) /* self powered */ #define USB_CONFIG_ATT_WAKEUP (1 << 5) /* can wakeup */ #define USB_CONFIG_ATT_BATTERY (1 << 4) /* battery powered */ /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB String descriptors can contain at most 126 characters. */ #define USB_MAX_STRING_LEN 126 /* USB_DT_STRING: String descriptor */ struct usb_string_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 wData[1]; /* UTF-16LE encoded */ } __attribute__ ((packed)); /* note that "string" zero is special, it holds language codes that * the device supports, not Unicode characters. */ /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_INTERFACE: Interface descriptor */ struct usb_interface_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bInterfaceNumber; __u8 bAlternateSetting; __u8 bNumEndpoints; __u8 bInterfaceClass; __u8 bInterfaceSubClass; __u8 bInterfaceProtocol; __u8 iInterface; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_INTERFACE_SIZE 9 /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_ENDPOINT: Endpoint descriptor */ struct usb_endpoint_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bEndpointAddress; __u8 bmAttributes; __le16 wMaxPacketSize; __u8 bInterval; /* NOTE: these two are _only_ in audio endpoints. */ /* use USB_DT_ENDPOINT*_SIZE in bLength, not sizeof. */ __u8 bRefresh; __u8 bSynchAddress; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_ENDPOINT_SIZE 7 #define USB_DT_ENDPOINT_AUDIO_SIZE 9 /* Audio extension */ /* * Endpoints */ #define USB_ENDPOINT_NUMBER_MASK 0x0f /* in bEndpointAddress */ #define USB_ENDPOINT_DIR_MASK 0x80 #define USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK 0x03 /* in bmAttributes */ #define USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_CONTROL 0 #define USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_ISOC 1 #define USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_BULK 2 #define USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_INT 3 #define USB_ENDPOINT_MAX_ADJUSTABLE 0x80 #define USB_ENDPOINT_MAXP_MASK 0x07ff #define USB_EP_MAXP_MULT_SHIFT 11 #define USB_EP_MAXP_MULT_MASK (3 << USB_EP_MAXP_MULT_SHIFT) #define USB_EP_MAXP_MULT(m) \ (((m) & USB_EP_MAXP_MULT_MASK) >> USB_EP_MAXP_MULT_SHIFT) /* The USB 3.0 spec redefines bits 5:4 of bmAttributes as interrupt ep type. */ #define USB_ENDPOINT_INTRTYPE 0x30 #define USB_ENDPOINT_INTR_PERIODIC (0 << 4) #define USB_ENDPOINT_INTR_NOTIFICATION (1 << 4) #define USB_ENDPOINT_SYNCTYPE 0x0c #define USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_NONE (0 << 2) #define USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_ASYNC (1 << 2) #define USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_ADAPTIVE (2 << 2) #define USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_SYNC (3 << 2) #define USB_ENDPOINT_USAGE_MASK 0x30 #define USB_ENDPOINT_USAGE_DATA 0x00 #define USB_ENDPOINT_USAGE_FEEDBACK 0x10 #define USB_ENDPOINT_USAGE_IMPLICIT_FB 0x20 /* Implicit feedback Data endpoint */ /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /** * usb_endpoint_num - get the endpoint's number * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns @epd's number: 0 to 15. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_num(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return epd->bEndpointAddress & USB_ENDPOINT_NUMBER_MASK; } /** * usb_endpoint_type - get the endpoint's transfer type * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns one of USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_{CONTROL, ISOC, BULK, INT} according * to @epd's transfer type. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_type(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK; } /** * usb_endpoint_dir_in - check if the endpoint has IN direction * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type IN, otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_dir_in(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bEndpointAddress & USB_ENDPOINT_DIR_MASK) == USB_DIR_IN); } /** * usb_endpoint_dir_out - check if the endpoint has OUT direction * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type OUT, otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_dir_out( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bEndpointAddress & USB_ENDPOINT_DIR_MASK) == USB_DIR_OUT); } /** * usb_endpoint_xfer_bulk - check if the endpoint has bulk transfer type * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type bulk, otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_xfer_bulk( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) == USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_BULK); } /** * usb_endpoint_xfer_control - check if the endpoint has control transfer type * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type control, otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_xfer_control( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) == USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_CONTROL); } /** * usb_endpoint_xfer_int - check if the endpoint has interrupt transfer type * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type interrupt, otherwise it returns * false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_xfer_int( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) == USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_INT); } /** * usb_endpoint_xfer_isoc - check if the endpoint has isochronous transfer type * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type isochronous, otherwise it returns * false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_xfer_isoc( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) == USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_ISOC); } /** * usb_endpoint_is_bulk_in - check if the endpoint is bulk IN * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint has bulk transfer type and IN direction, * otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_is_bulk_in( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return usb_endpoint_xfer_bulk(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_in(epd); } /** * usb_endpoint_is_bulk_out - check if the endpoint is bulk OUT * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint has bulk transfer type and OUT direction, * otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_is_bulk_out( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return usb_endpoint_xfer_bulk(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_out(epd); } /** * usb_endpoint_is_int_in - check if the endpoint is interrupt IN * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint has interrupt transfer type and IN direction, * otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_is_int_in( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return usb_endpoint_xfer_int(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_in(epd); } /** * usb_endpoint_is_int_out - check if the endpoint is interrupt OUT * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint has interrupt transfer type and OUT direction, * otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_is_int_out( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return usb_endpoint_xfer_int(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_out(epd); } /** * usb_endpoint_is_isoc_in - check if the endpoint is isochronous IN * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint has isochronous transfer type and IN direction, * otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_is_isoc_in( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return usb_endpoint_xfer_isoc(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_in(epd); } /** * usb_endpoint_is_isoc_out - check if the endpoint is isochronous OUT * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint has isochronous transfer type and OUT direction, * otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_is_isoc_out( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return usb_endpoint_xfer_isoc(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_out(epd); } /** * usb_endpoint_maxp - get endpoint's max packet size * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns @epd's max packet bits [10:0] */ static inline int usb_endpoint_maxp(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return __le16_to_cpu(epd->wMaxPacketSize) & USB_ENDPOINT_MAXP_MASK; } /** * usb_endpoint_maxp_mult - get endpoint's transactional opportunities * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Return @epd's wMaxPacketSize[12:11] + 1 */ static inline int usb_endpoint_maxp_mult(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { int maxp = __le16_to_cpu(epd->wMaxPacketSize); return USB_EP_MAXP_MULT(maxp) + 1; } static inline int usb_endpoint_interrupt_type( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_INTRTYPE; } /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_SSP_ISOC_ENDPOINT_COMP: SuperSpeedPlus Isochronous Endpoint Companion * descriptor */ struct usb_ssp_isoc_ep_comp_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 wReseved; __le32 dwBytesPerInterval; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_SSP_ISOC_EP_COMP_SIZE 8 /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_SS_ENDPOINT_COMP: SuperSpeed Endpoint Companion descriptor */ struct usb_ss_ep_comp_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bMaxBurst; __u8 bmAttributes; __le16 wBytesPerInterval; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_SS_EP_COMP_SIZE 6 /* Bits 4:0 of bmAttributes if this is a bulk endpoint */ static inline int usb_ss_max_streams(const struct usb_ss_ep_comp_descriptor *comp) { int max_streams; if (!comp) return 0; max_streams = comp->bmAttributes & 0x1f; if (!max_streams) return 0; max_streams = 1 << max_streams; return max_streams; } /* Bits 1:0 of bmAttributes if this is an isoc endpoint */ #define USB_SS_MULT(p) (1 + ((p) & 0x3)) /* Bit 7 of bmAttributes if a SSP isoc endpoint companion descriptor exists */ #define USB_SS_SSP_ISOC_COMP(p) ((p) & (1 << 7)) /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_DEVICE_QUALIFIER: Device Qualifier descriptor */ struct usb_qualifier_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 bcdUSB; __u8 bDeviceClass; __u8 bDeviceSubClass; __u8 bDeviceProtocol; __u8 bMaxPacketSize0; __u8 bNumConfigurations; __u8 bRESERVED; } __attribute__ ((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_OTG (from OTG 1.0a supplement) */ struct usb_otg_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bmAttributes; /* support for HNP, SRP, etc */ } __attribute__ ((packed)); /* USB_DT_OTG (from OTG 2.0 supplement) */ struct usb_otg20_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bmAttributes; /* support for HNP, SRP and ADP, etc */ __le16 bcdOTG; /* OTG and EH supplement release number * in binary-coded decimal(i.e. 2.0 is 0200H) */ } __attribute__ ((packed)); /* from usb_otg_descriptor.bmAttributes */ #define USB_OTG_SRP (1 << 0) #define USB_OTG_HNP (1 << 1) /* swap host/device roles */ #define USB_OTG_ADP (1 << 2) /* support ADP */ #define OTG_STS_SELECTOR 0xF000 /* OTG status selector */ /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_DEBUG: for special highspeed devices, replacing serial console */ struct usb_debug_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; /* bulk endpoints with 8 byte maxpacket */ __u8 bDebugInEndpoint; __u8 bDebugOutEndpoint; } __attribute__((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_INTERFACE_ASSOCIATION: groups interfaces */ struct usb_interface_assoc_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bFirstInterface; __u8 bInterfaceCount; __u8 bFunctionClass; __u8 bFunctionSubClass; __u8 bFunctionProtocol; __u8 iFunction; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_INTERFACE_ASSOCIATION_SIZE 8 /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_SECURITY: group of wireless security descriptors, including * encryption types available for setting up a CC/association. */ struct usb_security_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 wTotalLength; __u8 bNumEncryptionTypes; } __attribute__((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_KEY: used with {GET,SET}_SECURITY_DATA; only public keys * may be retrieved. */ struct usb_key_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 tTKID[3]; __u8 bReserved; __u8 bKeyData[0]; } __attribute__((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_ENCRYPTION_TYPE: bundled in DT_SECURITY groups */ struct usb_encryption_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bEncryptionType; #define USB_ENC_TYPE_UNSECURE 0 #define USB_ENC_TYPE_WIRED 1 /* non-wireless mode */ #define USB_ENC_TYPE_CCM_1 2 /* aes128/cbc session */ #define USB_ENC_TYPE_RSA_1 3 /* rsa3072/sha1 auth */ __u8 bEncryptionValue; /* use in SET_ENCRYPTION */ __u8 bAuthKeyIndex; } __attribute__((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_BOS: group of device-level capabilities */ struct usb_bos_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 wTotalLength; __u8 bNumDeviceCaps; } __attribute__((packed)); #define USB_DT_BOS_SIZE 5 /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_DEVICE_CAPABILITY: grouped with BOS */ struct usb_dev_cap_header { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; } __attribute__((packed)); #define USB_CAP_TYPE_WIRELESS_USB 1 struct usb_wireless_cap_descriptor { /* Ultra Wide Band */ __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; __u8 bmAttributes; #define USB_WIRELESS_P2P_DRD (1 << 1) #define USB_WIRELESS_BEACON_MASK (3 << 2) #define USB_WIRELESS_BEACON_SELF (1 << 2) #define USB_WIRELESS_BEACON_DIRECTED (2 << 2) #define USB_WIRELESS_BEACON_NONE (3 << 2) __le16 wPHYRates; /* bit rates, Mbps */ #define USB_WIRELESS_PHY_53 (1 << 0) /* always set */ #define USB_WIRELESS_PHY_80 (1 << 1) #define USB_WIRELESS_PHY_107 (1 << 2) /* always set */ #define USB_WIRELESS_PHY_160 (1 << 3) #define USB_WIRELESS_PHY_200 (1 << 4) /* always set */ #define USB_WIRELESS_PHY_320 (1 << 5) #define USB_WIRELESS_PHY_400 (1 << 6) #define USB_WIRELESS_PHY_480 (1 << 7) __u8 bmTFITXPowerInfo; /* TFI power levels */ __u8 bmFFITXPowerInfo; /* FFI power levels */ __le16 bmBandGroup; __u8 bReserved; } __attribute__((packed)); #define USB_DT_USB_WIRELESS_CAP_SIZE 11 /* USB 2.0 Extension descriptor */ #define USB_CAP_TYPE_EXT 2 struct usb_ext_cap_descriptor { /* Link Power Management */ __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; __le32 bmAttributes; #define USB_LPM_SUPPORT (1 << 1) /* supports LPM */ #define USB_BESL_SUPPORT (1 << 2) /* supports BESL */ #define USB_BESL_BASELINE_VALID (1 << 3) /* Baseline BESL valid*/ #define USB_BESL_DEEP_VALID (1 << 4) /* Deep BESL valid */ #define USB_SET_BESL_BASELINE(p) (((p) & 0xf) << 8) #define USB_SET_BESL_DEEP(p) (((p) & 0xf) << 12) #define USB_GET_BESL_BASELINE(p) (((p) & (0xf << 8)) >> 8) #define USB_GET_BESL_DEEP(p) (((p) & (0xf << 12)) >> 12) } __attribute__((packed)); #define USB_DT_USB_EXT_CAP_SIZE 7 /* * SuperSpeed USB Capability descriptor: Defines the set of SuperSpeed USB * specific device level capabilities */ #define USB_SS_CAP_TYPE 3 struct usb_ss_cap_descriptor { /* Link Power Management */ __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; __u8 bmAttributes; #define USB_LTM_SUPPORT (1 << 1) /* supports LTM */ __le16 wSpeedSupported; #define USB_LOW_SPEED_OPERATION (1) /* Low speed operation */ #define USB_FULL_SPEED_OPERATION (1 << 1) /* Full speed operation */ #define USB_HIGH_SPEED_OPERATION (1 << 2) /* High speed operation */ #define USB_5GBPS_OPERATION (1 << 3) /* Operation at 5Gbps */ __u8 bFunctionalitySupport; __u8 bU1devExitLat; __le16 bU2DevExitLat; } __attribute__((packed)); #define USB_DT_USB_SS_CAP_SIZE 10 /* * Container ID Capability descriptor: Defines the instance unique ID used to * identify the instance across all operating modes */ #define CONTAINER_ID_TYPE 4 struct usb_ss_container_id_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; __u8 bReserved; __u8 ContainerID[16]; /* 128-bit number */ } __attribute__((packed)); #define USB_DT_USB_SS_CONTN_ID_SIZE 20 /* * SuperSpeed Plus USB Capability descriptor: Defines the set of * SuperSpeed Plus USB specific device level capabilities */ #define USB_SSP_CAP_TYPE 0xa struct usb_ssp_cap_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; __u8 bReserved; __le32 bmAttributes; #define USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_ATTRIBS (0x1f << 0) /* sublink speed entries */ #define USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_IDS (0xf << 5) /* speed ID entries */ __le16 wFunctionalitySupport; #define USB_SSP_MIN_SUBLINK_SPEED_ATTRIBUTE_ID (0xf) #define USB_SSP_MIN_RX_LANE_COUNT (0xf << 8) #define USB_SSP_MIN_TX_LANE_COUNT (0xf << 12) __le16 wReserved; __le32 bmSublinkSpeedAttr[1]; /* list of sublink speed attrib entries */ #define USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_SSID (0xf) /* sublink speed ID */ #define USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_LSE (0x3 << 4) /* Lanespeed exponent */ #define USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_ST (0x3 << 6) /* Sublink type */ #define USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_RSVD (0x3f << 8) /* Reserved */ #define USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_LP (0x3 << 14) /* Link protocol */ #define USB_SSP_SUBLINK_SPEED_LSM (0xff << 16) /* Lanespeed mantissa */ } __attribute__((packed)); /* * USB Power Delivery Capability Descriptor: * Defines capabilities for PD */ /* Defines the various PD Capabilities of this device */ #define USB_PD_POWER_DELIVERY_CAPABILITY 0x06 /* Provides information on each battery supported by the device */ #define USB_PD_BATTERY_INFO_CAPABILITY 0x07 /* The Consumer characteristics of a Port on the device */ #define USB_PD_PD_CONSUMER_PORT_CAPABILITY 0x08 /* The provider characteristics of a Port on the device */ #define USB_PD_PD_PROVIDER_PORT_CAPABILITY 0x09 struct usb_pd_cap_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; /* set to USB_PD_POWER_DELIVERY_CAPABILITY */ __u8 bReserved; __le32 bmAttributes; #define USB_PD_CAP_BATTERY_CHARGING (1 << 1) /* supports Battery Charging specification */ #define USB_PD_CAP_USB_PD (1 << 2) /* supports USB Power Delivery specification */ #define USB_PD_CAP_PROVIDER (1 << 3) /* can provide power */ #define USB_PD_CAP_CONSUMER (1 << 4) /* can consume power */ #define USB_PD_CAP_CHARGING_POLICY (1 << 5) /* supports CHARGING_POLICY feature */ #define USB_PD_CAP_TYPE_C_CURRENT (1 << 6) /* supports power capabilities defined in the USB Type-C Specification */ #define USB_PD_CAP_PWR_AC (1 << 8) #define USB_PD_CAP_PWR_BAT (1 << 9) #define USB_PD_CAP_PWR_USE_V_BUS (1 << 14) __le16 bmProviderPorts; /* Bit zero refers to the UFP of the device */ __le16 bmConsumerPorts; __le16 bcdBCVersion; __le16 bcdPDVersion; __le16 bcdUSBTypeCVersion; } __attribute__((packed)); struct usb_pd_cap_battery_info_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; /* Index of string descriptor shall contain the user friendly name for this battery */ __u8 iBattery; /* Index of string descriptor shall contain the Serial Number String for this battery */ __u8 iSerial; __u8 iManufacturer; __u8 bBatteryId; /* uniquely identifies this battery in status Messages */ __u8 bReserved; /* * Shall contain the Battery Charge value above which this * battery is considered to be fully charged but not necessarily * “topped off.” */ __le32 dwChargedThreshold; /* in mWh */ /* * Shall contain the minimum charge level of this battery such * that above this threshold, a device can be assured of being * able to power up successfully (see Battery Charging 1.2). */ __le32 dwWeakThreshold; /* in mWh */ __le32 dwBatteryDesignCapacity; /* in mWh */ __le32 dwBatteryLastFullchargeCapacity; /* in mWh */ } __attribute__((packed)); struct usb_pd_cap_consumer_port_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; __u8 bReserved; __u8 bmCapabilities; /* port will oerate under: */ #define USB_PD_CAP_CONSUMER_BC (1 << 0) /* BC */ #define USB_PD_CAP_CONSUMER_PD (1 << 1) /* PD */ #define USB_PD_CAP_CONSUMER_TYPE_C (1 << 2) /* USB Type-C Current */ __le16 wMinVoltage; /* in 50mV units */ __le16 wMaxVoltage; /* in 50mV units */ __u16 wReserved; __le32 dwMaxOperatingPower; /* in 10 mW - operating at steady state */ __le32 dwMaxPeakPower; /* in 10mW units - operating at peak power */ __le32 dwMaxPeakPowerTime; /* in 100ms units - duration of peak */ #define USB_PD_CAP_CONSUMER_UNKNOWN_PEAK_POWER_TIME 0xffff } __attribute__((packed)); struct usb_pd_cap_provider_port_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; __u8 bReserved1; __u8 bmCapabilities; /* port will oerate under: */ #define USB_PD_CAP_PROVIDER_BC (1 << 0) /* BC */ #define USB_PD_CAP_PROVIDER_PD (1 << 1) /* PD */ #define USB_PD_CAP_PROVIDER_TYPE_C (1 << 2) /* USB Type-C Current */ __u8 bNumOfPDObjects; __u8 bReserved2; __le32 wPowerDataObject[]; } __attribute__((packed)); /* * Precision time measurement capability descriptor: advertised by devices and * hubs that support PTM */ #define USB_PTM_CAP_TYPE 0xb struct usb_ptm_cap_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bDevCapabilityType; } __attribute__((packed)); #define USB_DT_USB_PTM_ID_SIZE 3 /* * The size of the descriptor for the Sublink Speed Attribute Count * (SSAC) specified in bmAttributes[4:0]. SSAC is zero-based */ #define USB_DT_USB_SSP_CAP_SIZE(ssac) (12 + (ssac + 1) * 4) /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_WIRELESS_ENDPOINT_COMP: companion descriptor associated with * each endpoint descriptor for a wireless device */ struct usb_wireless_ep_comp_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bMaxBurst; __u8 bMaxSequence; __le16 wMaxStreamDelay; __le16 wOverTheAirPacketSize; __u8 bOverTheAirInterval; __u8 bmCompAttributes; #define USB_ENDPOINT_SWITCH_MASK 0x03 /* in bmCompAttributes */ #define USB_ENDPOINT_SWITCH_NO 0 #define USB_ENDPOINT_SWITCH_SWITCH 1 #define USB_ENDPOINT_SWITCH_SCALE 2 } __attribute__((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_REQ_SET_HANDSHAKE is a four-way handshake used between a wireless * host and a device for connection set up, mutual authentication, and * exchanging short lived session keys. The handshake depends on a CC. */ struct usb_handshake { __u8 bMessageNumber; __u8 bStatus; __u8 tTKID[3]; __u8 bReserved; __u8 CDID[16]; __u8 nonce[16]; __u8 MIC[8]; } __attribute__((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_REQ_SET_CONNECTION modifies or revokes a connection context (CC). * A CC may also be set up using non-wireless secure channels (including * wired USB!), and some devices may support CCs with multiple hosts. */ struct usb_connection_context { __u8 CHID[16]; /* persistent host id */ __u8 CDID[16]; /* device id (unique w/in host context) */ __u8 CK[16]; /* connection key */ } __attribute__((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB 2.0 defines three speeds, here's how Linux identifies them */ enum usb_device_speed { USB_SPEED_UNKNOWN = 0, /* enumerating */ USB_SPEED_LOW, USB_SPEED_FULL, /* usb 1.1 */ USB_SPEED_HIGH, /* usb 2.0 */ USB_SPEED_WIRELESS, /* wireless (usb 2.5) */ USB_SPEED_SUPER, /* usb 3.0 */ USB_SPEED_SUPER_PLUS, /* usb 3.1 */ }; enum usb_device_state { /* NOTATTACHED isn't in the USB spec, and this state acts * the same as ATTACHED ... but it's clearer this way. */ USB_STATE_NOTATTACHED = 0, /* chapter 9 and authentication (wireless) device states */ USB_STATE_ATTACHED, USB_STATE_POWERED, /* wired */ USB_STATE_RECONNECTING, /* auth */ USB_STATE_UNAUTHENTICATED, /* auth */ USB_STATE_DEFAULT, /* limited function */ USB_STATE_ADDRESS, USB_STATE_CONFIGURED, /* most functions */ USB_STATE_SUSPENDED /* NOTE: there are actually four different SUSPENDED * states, returning to POWERED, DEFAULT, ADDRESS, or * CONFIGURED respectively when SOF tokens flow again. * At this level there's no difference between L1 and L2 * suspend states. (L2 being original USB 1.1 suspend.) */ }; enum usb3_link_state { USB3_LPM_U0 = 0, USB3_LPM_U1, USB3_LPM_U2, USB3_LPM_U3 }; /* * A U1 timeout of 0x0 means the parent hub will reject any transitions to U1. * 0xff means the parent hub will accept transitions to U1, but will not * initiate a transition. * * A U1 timeout of 0x1 to 0x7F also causes the hub to initiate a transition to * U1 after that many microseconds. Timeouts of 0x80 to 0xFE are reserved * values. * * A U2 timeout of 0x0 means the parent hub will reject any transitions to U2. * 0xff means the parent hub will accept transitions to U2, but will not * initiate a transition. * * A U2 timeout of 0x1 to 0xFE also causes the hub to initiate a transition to * U2 after N*256 microseconds. Therefore a U2 timeout value of 0x1 means a U2 * idle timer of 256 microseconds, 0x2 means 512 microseconds, 0xFE means * 65.024ms. */ #define USB3_LPM_DISABLED 0x0 #define USB3_LPM_U1_MAX_TIMEOUT 0x7F #define USB3_LPM_U2_MAX_TIMEOUT 0xFE #define USB3_LPM_DEVICE_INITIATED 0xFF struct usb_set_sel_req { __u8 u1_sel; __u8 u1_pel; __le16 u2_sel; __le16 u2_pel; } __attribute__ ((packed)); /* * The Set System Exit Latency control transfer provides one byte each for * U1 SEL and U1 PEL, so the max exit latency is 0xFF. U2 SEL and U2 PEL each * are two bytes long. */ #define USB3_LPM_MAX_U1_SEL_PEL 0xFF #define USB3_LPM_MAX_U2_SEL_PEL 0xFFFF /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* * As per USB compliance update, a device that is actively drawing * more than 100mA from USB must report itself as bus-powered in * the GetStatus(DEVICE) call. * https://compliance.usb.org/index.asp?UpdateFile=Electrical&Format=Standard#34 */ #define USB_SELF_POWER_VBUS_MAX_DRAW 100 #endif /* _UAPI__LINUX_USB_CH9_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_VMACACHE_H #define __LINUX_VMACACHE_H #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/mm.h> static inline void vmacache_flush(struct task_struct *tsk) { memset(tsk->vmacache.vmas, 0, sizeof(tsk->vmacache.vmas)); } extern void vmacache_update(unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct *newvma); extern struct vm_area_struct *vmacache_find(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr); #ifndef CONFIG_MMU extern struct vm_area_struct *vmacache_find_exact(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); #endif static inline void vmacache_invalidate(struct mm_struct *mm) { mm->vmacache_seqnum++; } #endif /* __LINUX_VMACACHE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_MSR_H #define _ASM_X86_MSR_H #include "msr-index.h" #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <asm/asm.h> #include <asm/errno.h> #include <asm/cpumask.h> #include <uapi/asm/msr.h> struct msr { union { struct { u32 l; u32 h; }; u64 q; }; }; struct msr_info { u32 msr_no; struct msr reg; struct msr *msrs; int err; }; struct msr_regs_info { u32 *regs; int err; }; struct saved_msr { bool valid; struct msr_info info; }; struct saved_msrs { unsigned int num; struct saved_msr *array; }; /* * both i386 and x86_64 returns 64-bit value in edx:eax, but gcc's "A" * constraint has different meanings. For i386, "A" means exactly * edx:eax, while for x86_64 it doesn't mean rdx:rax or edx:eax. Instead, * it means rax *or* rdx. */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 /* Using 64-bit values saves one instruction clearing the high half of low */ #define DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high) unsigned long low, high #define EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high) ((low) | (high) << 32) #define EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high) "=a" (low), "=d" (high) #else #define DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high) unsigned long long val #define EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high) (val) #define EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high) "=A" (val) #endif /* * Be very careful with includes. This header is prone to include loops. */ #include <asm/atomic.h> #include <linux/tracepoint-defs.h> #ifdef CONFIG_TRACEPOINTS DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(read_msr); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(write_msr); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(rdpmc); extern void do_trace_write_msr(unsigned int msr, u64 val, int failed); extern void do_trace_read_msr(unsigned int msr, u64 val, int failed); extern void do_trace_rdpmc(unsigned int msr, u64 val, int failed); #else static inline void do_trace_write_msr(unsigned int msr, u64 val, int failed) {} static inline void do_trace_read_msr(unsigned int msr, u64 val, int failed) {} static inline void do_trace_rdpmc(unsigned int msr, u64 val, int failed) {} #endif /* * __rdmsr() and __wrmsr() are the two primitives which are the bare minimum MSR * accessors and should not have any tracing or other functionality piggybacking * on them - those are *purely* for accessing MSRs and nothing more. So don't even * think of extending them - you will be slapped with a stinking trout or a frozen * shark will reach you, wherever you are! You've been warned. */ static __always_inline unsigned long long __rdmsr(unsigned int msr) { DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high); asm volatile("1: rdmsr\n" "2:\n" _ASM_EXTABLE_HANDLE(1b, 2b, ex_handler_rdmsr_unsafe) : EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high) : "c" (msr)); return EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high); } static __always_inline void __wrmsr(unsigned int msr, u32 low, u32 high) { asm volatile("1: wrmsr\n" "2:\n" _ASM_EXTABLE_HANDLE(1b, 2b, ex_handler_wrmsr_unsafe) : : "c" (msr), "a"(low), "d" (high) : "memory"); } #define native_rdmsr(msr, val1, val2) \ do { \ u64 __val = __rdmsr((msr)); \ (void)((val1) = (u32)__val); \ (void)((val2) = (u32)(__val >> 32)); \ } while (0) #define native_wrmsr(msr, low, high) \ __wrmsr(msr, low, high) #define native_wrmsrl(msr, val) \ __wrmsr((msr), (u32)((u64)(val)), \ (u32)((u64)(val) >> 32)) static inline unsigned long long native_read_msr(unsigned int msr) { unsigned long long val; val = __rdmsr(msr); if (tracepoint_enabled(read_msr)) do_trace_read_msr(msr, val, 0); return val; } static inline unsigned long long native_read_msr_safe(unsigned int msr, int *err) { DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high); asm volatile("2: rdmsr ; xor %[err],%[err]\n" "1:\n\t" ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n\t" "3: mov %[fault],%[err]\n\t" "xorl %%eax, %%eax\n\t" "xorl %%edx, %%edx\n\t" "jmp 1b\n\t" ".previous\n\t" _ASM_EXTABLE(2b, 3b) : [err] "=r" (*err), EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high) : "c" (msr), [fault] "i" (-EIO)); if (tracepoint_enabled(read_msr)) do_trace_read_msr(msr, EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high), *err); return EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high); } /* Can be uninlined because referenced by paravirt */ static inline void notrace native_write_msr(unsigned int msr, u32 low, u32 high) { __wrmsr(msr, low, high); if (tracepoint_enabled(write_msr)) do_trace_write_msr(msr, ((u64)high << 32 | low), 0); } /* Can be uninlined because referenced by paravirt */ static inline int notrace native_write_msr_safe(unsigned int msr, u32 low, u32 high) { int err; asm volatile("2: wrmsr ; xor %[err],%[err]\n" "1:\n\t" ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n\t" "3: mov %[fault],%[err] ; jmp 1b\n\t" ".previous\n\t" _ASM_EXTABLE(2b, 3b) : [err] "=a" (err) : "c" (msr), "0" (low), "d" (high), [fault] "i" (-EIO) : "memory"); if (tracepoint_enabled(write_msr)) do_trace_write_msr(msr, ((u64)high << 32 | low), err); return err; } extern int rdmsr_safe_regs(u32 regs[8]); extern int wrmsr_safe_regs(u32 regs[8]); /** * rdtsc() - returns the current TSC without ordering constraints * * rdtsc() returns the result of RDTSC as a 64-bit integer. The * only ordering constraint it supplies is the ordering implied by * "asm volatile": it will put the RDTSC in the place you expect. The * CPU can and will speculatively execute that RDTSC, though, so the * results can be non-monotonic if compared on different CPUs. */ static __always_inline unsigned long long rdtsc(void) { DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high); asm volatile("rdtsc" : EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high)); return EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high); } /** * rdtsc_ordered() - read the current TSC in program order * * rdtsc_ordered() returns the result of RDTSC as a 64-bit integer. * It is ordered like a load to a global in-memory counter. It should * be impossible to observe non-monotonic rdtsc_unordered() behavior * across multiple CPUs as long as the TSC is synced. */ static __always_inline unsigned long long rdtsc_ordered(void) { DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high); /* * The RDTSC instruction is not ordered relative to memory * access. The Intel SDM and the AMD APM are both vague on this * point, but empirically an RDTSC instruction can be * speculatively executed before prior loads. An RDTSC * immediately after an appropriate barrier appears to be * ordered as a normal load, that is, it provides the same * ordering guarantees as reading from a global memory location * that some other imaginary CPU is updating continuously with a * time stamp. * * Thus, use the preferred barrier on the respective CPU, aiming for * RDTSCP as the default. */ asm volatile(ALTERNATIVE_2("rdtsc", "lfence; rdtsc", X86_FEATURE_LFENCE_RDTSC, "rdtscp", X86_FEATURE_RDTSCP) : EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high) /* RDTSCP clobbers ECX with MSR_TSC_AUX. */ :: "ecx"); return EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high); } static inline unsigned long long native_read_pmc(int counter) { DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high); asm volatile("rdpmc" : EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high) : "c" (counter)); if (tracepoint_enabled(rdpmc)) do_trace_rdpmc(counter, EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high), 0); return EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high); } #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL #include <asm/paravirt.h> #else #include <linux/errno.h> /* * Access to machine-specific registers (available on 586 and better only) * Note: the rd* operations modify the parameters directly (without using * pointer indirection), this allows gcc to optimize better */ #define rdmsr(msr, low, high) \ do { \ u64 __val = native_read_msr((msr)); \ (void)((low) = (u32)__val); \ (void)((high) = (u32)(__val >> 32)); \ } while (0) static inline void wrmsr(unsigned int msr, u32 low, u32 high) { native_write_msr(msr, low, high); } #define rdmsrl(msr, val) \ ((val) = native_read_msr((msr))) static inline void wrmsrl(unsigned int msr, u64 val) { native_write_msr(msr, (u32)(val & 0xffffffffULL), (u32)(val >> 32)); } /* wrmsr with exception handling */ static inline int wrmsr_safe(unsigned int msr, u32 low, u32 high) { return native_write_msr_safe(msr, low, high); } /* rdmsr with exception handling */ #define rdmsr_safe(msr, low, high) \ ({ \ int __err; \ u64 __val = native_read_msr_safe((msr), &__err); \ (*low) = (u32)__val; \ (*high) = (u32)(__val >> 32); \ __err; \ }) static inline int rdmsrl_safe(unsigned int msr, unsigned long long *p) { int err; *p = native_read_msr_safe(msr, &err); return err; } #define rdpmc(counter, low, high) \ do { \ u64 _l = native_read_pmc((counter)); \ (low) = (u32)_l; \ (high) = (u32)(_l >> 32); \ } while (0) #define rdpmcl(counter, val) ((val) = native_read_pmc(counter)) #endif /* !CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL */ /* * 64-bit version of wrmsr_safe(): */ static inline int wrmsrl_safe(u32 msr, u64 val) { return wrmsr_safe(msr, (u32)val, (u32)(val >> 32)); } #define write_tsc(low, high) wrmsr(MSR_IA32_TSC, (low), (high)) #define write_rdtscp_aux(val) wrmsr(MSR_TSC_AUX, (val), 0) struct msr *msrs_alloc(void); void msrs_free(struct msr *msrs); int msr_set_bit(u32 msr, u8 bit); int msr_clear_bit(u32 msr, u8 bit); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP int rdmsr_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 *l, u32 *h); int wrmsr_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 l, u32 h); int rdmsrl_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 *q); int wrmsrl_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 q); void rdmsr_on_cpus(const struct cpumask *mask, u32 msr_no, struct msr *msrs); void wrmsr_on_cpus(const struct cpumask *mask, u32 msr_no, struct msr *msrs); int rdmsr_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 *l, u32 *h); int wrmsr_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 l, u32 h); int rdmsrl_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 *q); int wrmsrl_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 q); int rdmsr_safe_regs_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 regs[8]); int wrmsr_safe_regs_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 regs[8]); #else /* CONFIG_SMP */ static inline int rdmsr_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 *l, u32 *h) { rdmsr(msr_no, *l, *h); return 0; } static inline int wrmsr_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 l, u32 h) { wrmsr(msr_no, l, h); return 0; } static inline int rdmsrl_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 *q) { rdmsrl(msr_no, *q); return 0; } static inline int wrmsrl_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 q) { wrmsrl(msr_no, q); return 0; } static inline void rdmsr_on_cpus(const struct cpumask *m, u32 msr_no, struct msr *msrs) { rdmsr_on_cpu(0, msr_no, &(msrs[0].l), &(msrs[0].h)); } static inline void wrmsr_on_cpus(const struct cpumask *m, u32 msr_no, struct msr *msrs) { wrmsr_on_cpu(0, msr_no, msrs[0].l, msrs[0].h); } static inline int rdmsr_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 *l, u32 *h) { return rdmsr_safe(msr_no, l, h); } static inline int wrmsr_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 l, u32 h) { return wrmsr_safe(msr_no, l, h); } static inline int rdmsrl_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 *q) { return rdmsrl_safe(msr_no, q); } static inline int wrmsrl_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 q) { return wrmsrl_safe(msr_no, q); } static inline int rdmsr_safe_regs_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 regs[8]) { return rdmsr_safe_regs(regs); } static inline int wrmsr_safe_regs_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 regs[8]) { return wrmsr_safe_regs(regs); } #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_MSR_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_INETDEVICE_H #define _LINUX_INETDEVICE_H #ifdef __KERNEL__ #include <linux/bitmap.h> #include <linux/if.h> #include <linux/ip.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/timer.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/rtnetlink.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> struct ipv4_devconf { void *sysctl; int data[IPV4_DEVCONF_MAX]; DECLARE_BITMAP(state, IPV4_DEVCONF_MAX); }; #define MC_HASH_SZ_LOG 9 struct in_device { struct net_device *dev; refcount_t refcnt; int dead; struct in_ifaddr __rcu *ifa_list;/* IP ifaddr chain */ struct ip_mc_list __rcu *mc_list; /* IP multicast filter chain */ struct ip_mc_list __rcu * __rcu *mc_hash; int mc_count; /* Number of installed mcasts */ spinlock_t mc_tomb_lock; struct ip_mc_list *mc_tomb; unsigned long mr_v1_seen; unsigned long mr_v2_seen; unsigned long mr_maxdelay; unsigned long mr_qi; /* Query Interval */ unsigned long mr_qri; /* Query Response Interval */ unsigned char mr_qrv; /* Query Robustness Variable */ unsigned char mr_gq_running; u32 mr_ifc_count; struct timer_list mr_gq_timer; /* general query timer */ struct timer_list mr_ifc_timer; /* interface change timer */ struct neigh_parms *arp_parms; struct ipv4_devconf cnf; struct rcu_head rcu_head; }; #define IPV4_DEVCONF(cnf, attr) ((cnf).data[IPV4_DEVCONF_ ## attr - 1]) #define IPV4_DEVCONF_ALL(net, attr) \ IPV4_DEVCONF((*(net)->ipv4.devconf_all), attr) static inline int ipv4_devconf_get(struct in_device *in_dev, int index) { index--; return in_dev->cnf.data[index]; } static inline void ipv4_devconf_set(struct in_device *in_dev, int index, int val) { index--; set_bit(index, in_dev->cnf.state); in_dev->cnf.data[index] = val; } static inline void ipv4_devconf_setall(struct in_device *in_dev) { bitmap_fill(in_dev->cnf.state, IPV4_DEVCONF_MAX); } #define IN_DEV_CONF_GET(in_dev, attr) \ ipv4_devconf_get((in_dev), IPV4_DEVCONF_ ## attr) #define IN_DEV_CONF_SET(in_dev, attr, val) \ ipv4_devconf_set((in_dev), IPV4_DEVCONF_ ## attr, (val)) #define IN_DEV_ANDCONF(in_dev, attr) \ (IPV4_DEVCONF_ALL(dev_net(in_dev->dev), attr) && \ IN_DEV_CONF_GET((in_dev), attr)) #define IN_DEV_NET_ORCONF(in_dev, net, attr) \ (IPV4_DEVCONF_ALL(net, attr) || \ IN_DEV_CONF_GET((in_dev), attr)) #define IN_DEV_ORCONF(in_dev, attr) \ IN_DEV_NET_ORCONF(in_dev, dev_net(in_dev->dev), attr) #define IN_DEV_MAXCONF(in_dev, attr) \ (max(IPV4_DEVCONF_ALL(dev_net(in_dev->dev), attr), \ IN_DEV_CONF_GET((in_dev), attr))) #define IN_DEV_FORWARD(in_dev) IN_DEV_CONF_GET((in_dev), FORWARDING) #define IN_DEV_MFORWARD(in_dev) IN_DEV_ANDCONF((in_dev), MC_FORWARDING) #define IN_DEV_BFORWARD(in_dev) IN_DEV_ANDCONF((in_dev), BC_FORWARDING) #define IN_DEV_RPFILTER(in_dev) IN_DEV_MAXCONF((in_dev), RP_FILTER) #define IN_DEV_SRC_VMARK(in_dev) IN_DEV_ORCONF((in_dev), SRC_VMARK) #define IN_DEV_SOURCE_ROUTE(in_dev) IN_DEV_ANDCONF((in_dev), \ ACCEPT_SOURCE_ROUTE) #define IN_DEV_ACCEPT_LOCAL(in_dev) IN_DEV_ORCONF((in_dev), ACCEPT_LOCAL) #define IN_DEV_BOOTP_RELAY(in_dev) IN_DEV_ANDCONF((in_dev), BOOTP_RELAY) #define IN_DEV_LOG_MARTIANS(in_dev) IN_DEV_ORCONF((in_dev), LOG_MARTIANS) #define IN_DEV_PROXY_ARP(in_dev) IN_DEV_ORCONF((in_dev), PROXY_ARP) #define IN_DEV_PROXY_ARP_PVLAN(in_dev) IN_DEV_CONF_GET(in_dev, PROXY_ARP_PVLAN) #define IN_DEV_SHARED_MEDIA(in_dev) IN_DEV_ORCONF((in_dev), SHARED_MEDIA) #define IN_DEV_TX_REDIRECTS(in_dev) IN_DEV_ORCONF((in_dev), SEND_REDIRECTS) #define IN_DEV_SEC_REDIRECTS(in_dev) IN_DEV_ORCONF((in_dev), \ SECURE_REDIRECTS) #define IN_DEV_IDTAG(in_dev) IN_DEV_CONF_GET(in_dev, TAG) #define IN_DEV_MEDIUM_ID(in_dev) IN_DEV_CONF_GET(in_dev, MEDIUM_ID) #define IN_DEV_PROMOTE_SECONDARIES(in_dev) \ IN_DEV_ORCONF((in_dev), \ PROMOTE_SECONDARIES) #define IN_DEV_ROUTE_LOCALNET(in_dev) IN_DEV_ORCONF(in_dev, ROUTE_LOCALNET) #define IN_DEV_NET_ROUTE_LOCALNET(in_dev, net) \ IN_DEV_NET_ORCONF(in_dev, net, ROUTE_LOCALNET) #define IN_DEV_RX_REDIRECTS(in_dev) \ ((IN_DEV_FORWARD(in_dev) && \ IN_DEV_ANDCONF((in_dev), ACCEPT_REDIRECTS)) \ || (!IN_DEV_FORWARD(in_dev) && \ IN_DEV_ORCONF((in_dev), ACCEPT_REDIRECTS))) #define IN_DEV_IGNORE_ROUTES_WITH_LINKDOWN(in_dev) \ IN_DEV_CONF_GET((in_dev), IGNORE_ROUTES_WITH_LINKDOWN) #define IN_DEV_ARPFILTER(in_dev) IN_DEV_ORCONF((in_dev), ARPFILTER) #define IN_DEV_ARP_ACCEPT(in_dev) IN_DEV_ORCONF((in_dev), ARP_ACCEPT) #define IN_DEV_ARP_ANNOUNCE(in_dev) IN_DEV_MAXCONF((in_dev), ARP_ANNOUNCE) #define IN_DEV_ARP_IGNORE(in_dev) IN_DEV_MAXCONF((in_dev), ARP_IGNORE) #define IN_DEV_ARP_NOTIFY(in_dev) IN_DEV_MAXCONF((in_dev), ARP_NOTIFY) struct in_ifaddr { struct hlist_node hash; struct in_ifaddr __rcu *ifa_next; struct in_device *ifa_dev; struct rcu_head rcu_head; __be32 ifa_local; __be32 ifa_address; __be32 ifa_mask; __u32 ifa_rt_priority; __be32 ifa_broadcast; unsigned char ifa_scope; unsigned char ifa_prefixlen; __u32 ifa_flags; char ifa_label[IFNAMSIZ]; /* In seconds, relative to tstamp. Expiry is at tstamp + HZ * lft. */ __u32 ifa_valid_lft; __u32 ifa_preferred_lft; unsigned long ifa_cstamp; /* created timestamp */ unsigned long ifa_tstamp; /* updated timestamp */ }; struct in_validator_info { __be32 ivi_addr; struct in_device *ivi_dev; struct netlink_ext_ack *extack; }; int register_inetaddr_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb); int unregister_inetaddr_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb); int register_inetaddr_validator_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb); int unregister_inetaddr_validator_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb); void inet_netconf_notify_devconf(struct net *net, int event, int type, int ifindex, struct ipv4_devconf *devconf); struct net_device *__ip_dev_find(struct net *net, __be32 addr, bool devref); static inline struct net_device *ip_dev_find(struct net *net, __be32 addr) { return __ip_dev_find(net, addr, true); } int inet_addr_onlink(struct in_device *in_dev, __be32 a, __be32 b); int devinet_ioctl(struct net *net, unsigned int cmd, struct ifreq *); void devinet_init(void); struct in_device *inetdev_by_index(struct net *, int); __be32 inet_select_addr(const struct net_device *dev, __be32 dst, int scope); __be32 inet_confirm_addr(struct net *net, struct in_device *in_dev, __be32 dst, __be32 local, int scope); struct in_ifaddr *inet_ifa_byprefix(struct in_device *in_dev, __be32 prefix, __be32 mask); struct in_ifaddr *inet_lookup_ifaddr_rcu(struct net *net, __be32 addr); static inline bool inet_ifa_match(__be32 addr, const struct in_ifaddr *ifa) { return !((addr^ifa->ifa_address)&ifa->ifa_mask); } /* * Check if a mask is acceptable. */ static __inline__ bool bad_mask(__be32 mask, __be32 addr) { __u32 hmask; if (addr & (mask = ~mask)) return true; hmask = ntohl(mask); if (hmask & (hmask+1)) return true; return false; } #define in_dev_for_each_ifa_rtnl(ifa, in_dev) \ for (ifa = rtnl_dereference((in_dev)->ifa_list); ifa; \ ifa = rtnl_dereference(ifa->ifa_next)) #define in_dev_for_each_ifa_rcu(ifa, in_dev) \ for (ifa = rcu_dereference((in_dev)->ifa_list); ifa; \ ifa = rcu_dereference(ifa->ifa_next)) static inline struct in_device *__in_dev_get_rcu(const struct net_device *dev) { return rcu_dereference(dev->ip_ptr); } static inline struct in_device *in_dev_get(const struct net_device *dev) { struct in_device *in_dev; rcu_read_lock(); in_dev = __in_dev_get_rcu(dev); if (in_dev) refcount_inc(&in_dev->refcnt); rcu_read_unlock(); return in_dev; } static inline struct in_device *__in_dev_get_rtnl(const struct net_device *dev) { return rtnl_dereference(dev->ip_ptr); } /* called with rcu_read_lock or rtnl held */ static inline bool ip_ignore_linkdown(const struct net_device *dev) { struct in_device *in_dev; bool rc = false; in_dev = rcu_dereference_rtnl(dev->ip_ptr); if (in_dev && IN_DEV_IGNORE_ROUTES_WITH_LINKDOWN(in_dev)) rc = true; return rc; } static inline struct neigh_parms *__in_dev_arp_parms_get_rcu(const struct net_device *dev) { struct in_device *in_dev = __in_dev_get_rcu(dev); return in_dev ? in_dev->arp_parms : NULL; } void in_dev_finish_destroy(struct in_device *idev); static inline void in_dev_put(struct in_device *idev) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&idev->refcnt)) in_dev_finish_destroy(idev); } #define __in_dev_put(idev) refcount_dec(&(idev)->refcnt) #define in_dev_hold(idev) refcount_inc(&(idev)->refcnt) #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ static __inline__ __be32 inet_make_mask(int logmask) { if (logmask) return htonl(~((1U<<(32-logmask))-1)); return 0; } static __inline__ int inet_mask_len(__be32 mask) { __u32 hmask = ntohl(mask); if (!hmask) return 0; return 32 - ffz(~hmask); } #endif /* _LINUX_INETDEVICE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_COMPAT_H #define _ASM_X86_COMPAT_H /* * Architecture specific compatibility types */ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/task_stack.h> #include <asm/processor.h> #include <asm/user32.h> #include <asm/unistd.h> #include <asm-generic/compat.h> #define COMPAT_USER_HZ 100 #define COMPAT_UTS_MACHINE "i686\0\0" typedef u16 __compat_uid_t; typedef u16 __compat_gid_t; typedef u32 __compat_uid32_t; typedef u32 __compat_gid32_t; typedef u16 compat_mode_t; typedef u16 compat_dev_t; typedef u16 compat_nlink_t; typedef u16 compat_ipc_pid_t; typedef u32 compat_caddr_t; typedef __kernel_fsid_t compat_fsid_t; struct compat_stat { compat_dev_t st_dev; u16 __pad1; compat_ino_t st_ino; compat_mode_t st_mode; compat_nlink_t st_nlink; __compat_uid_t st_uid; __compat_gid_t st_gid; compat_dev_t st_rdev; u16 __pad2; u32 st_size; u32 st_blksize; u32 st_blocks; u32 st_atime; u32 st_atime_nsec; u32 st_mtime; u32 st_mtime_nsec; u32 st_ctime; u32 st_ctime_nsec; u32 __unused4; u32 __unused5; }; struct compat_flock { short l_type; short l_whence; compat_off_t l_start; compat_off_t l_len; compat_pid_t l_pid; }; #define F_GETLK64 12 /* using 'struct flock64' */ #define F_SETLK64 13 #define F_SETLKW64 14 /* * IA32 uses 4 byte alignment for 64 bit quantities, * so we need to pack this structure. */ struct compat_flock64 { short l_type; short l_whence; compat_loff_t l_start; compat_loff_t l_len; compat_pid_t l_pid; } __attribute__((packed)); struct compat_statfs { int f_type; int f_bsize; int f_blocks; int f_bfree; int f_bavail; int f_files; int f_ffree; compat_fsid_t f_fsid; int f_namelen; /* SunOS ignores this field. */ int f_frsize; int f_flags; int f_spare[4]; }; #define COMPAT_RLIM_INFINITY 0xffffffff typedef u32 compat_old_sigset_t; /* at least 32 bits */ #define _COMPAT_NSIG 64 #define _COMPAT_NSIG_BPW 32 typedef u32 compat_sigset_word; #define COMPAT_OFF_T_MAX 0x7fffffff struct compat_ipc64_perm { compat_key_t key; __compat_uid32_t uid; __compat_gid32_t gid; __compat_uid32_t cuid; __compat_gid32_t cgid; unsigned short mode; unsigned short __pad1; unsigned short seq; unsigned short __pad2; compat_ulong_t unused1; compat_ulong_t unused2; }; struct compat_semid64_ds { struct compat_ipc64_perm sem_perm; compat_ulong_t sem_otime; compat_ulong_t sem_otime_high; compat_ulong_t sem_ctime; compat_ulong_t sem_ctime_high; compat_ulong_t sem_nsems; compat_ulong_t __unused3; compat_ulong_t __unused4; }; struct compat_msqid64_ds { struct compat_ipc64_perm msg_perm; compat_ulong_t msg_stime; compat_ulong_t msg_stime_high; compat_ulong_t msg_rtime; compat_ulong_t msg_rtime_high; compat_ulong_t msg_ctime; compat_ulong_t msg_ctime_high; compat_ulong_t msg_cbytes; compat_ulong_t msg_qnum; compat_ulong_t msg_qbytes; compat_pid_t msg_lspid; compat_pid_t msg_lrpid; compat_ulong_t __unused4; compat_ulong_t __unused5; }; struct compat_shmid64_ds { struct compat_ipc64_perm shm_perm; compat_size_t shm_segsz; compat_ulong_t shm_atime; compat_ulong_t shm_atime_high; compat_ulong_t shm_dtime; compat_ulong_t shm_dtime_high; compat_ulong_t shm_ctime; compat_ulong_t shm_ctime_high; compat_pid_t shm_cpid; compat_pid_t shm_lpid; compat_ulong_t shm_nattch; compat_ulong_t __unused4; compat_ulong_t __unused5; }; /* * The type of struct elf_prstatus.pr_reg in compatible core dumps. */ typedef struct user_regs_struct compat_elf_gregset_t; /* Full regset -- prstatus on x32, otherwise on ia32 */ #define PRSTATUS_SIZE(S, R) (R != sizeof(S.pr_reg) ? 144 : 296) #define SET_PR_FPVALID(S, V, R) \ do { *(int *) (((void *) &((S)->pr_reg)) + R) = (V); } \ while (0) #ifdef CONFIG_X86_X32_ABI #define COMPAT_USE_64BIT_TIME \ (!!(task_pt_regs(current)->orig_ax & __X32_SYSCALL_BIT)) #endif static inline void __user *arch_compat_alloc_user_space(long len) { compat_uptr_t sp; if (test_thread_flag(TIF_IA32)) { sp = task_pt_regs(current)->sp; } else { /* -128 for the x32 ABI redzone */ sp = task_pt_regs(current)->sp - 128; } return (void __user *)round_down(sp - len, 16); } static inline bool in_x32_syscall(void) { #ifdef CONFIG_X86_X32_ABI if (task_pt_regs(current)->orig_ax & __X32_SYSCALL_BIT) return true; #endif return false; } static inline bool in_32bit_syscall(void) { return in_ia32_syscall() || in_x32_syscall(); } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT static inline bool in_compat_syscall(void) { return in_32bit_syscall(); } #define in_compat_syscall in_compat_syscall /* override the generic impl */ #define compat_need_64bit_alignment_fixup in_ia32_syscall #endif struct compat_siginfo; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_X32_ABI int copy_siginfo_to_user32(struct compat_siginfo __user *to, const kernel_siginfo_t *from); #define copy_siginfo_to_user32 copy_siginfo_to_user32 #endif /* CONFIG_X86_X32_ABI */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_COMPAT_H */
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * linux/drivers/base/map.c * * (C) Copyright Al Viro 2002,2003 * * NOTE: data structure needs to be changed. It works, but for large dev_t * it will be too slow. It is isolated, though, so these changes will be * local to that file. */ #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/kdev_t.h> #include <linux/kobject.h> #include <linux/kobj_map.h> struct kobj_map { struct probe { struct probe *next; dev_t dev; unsigned long range; struct module *owner; kobj_probe_t *get; int (*lock)(dev_t, void *); void *data; } *probes[255]; struct mutex *lock; }; int kobj_map(struct kobj_map *domain, dev_t dev, unsigned long range, struct module *module, kobj_probe_t *probe, int (*lock)(dev_t, void *), void *data) { unsigned n = MAJOR(dev + range - 1) - MAJOR(dev) + 1; unsigned index = MAJOR(dev); unsigned i; struct probe *p; if (n > 255) n = 255; p = kmalloc_array(n, sizeof(struct probe), GFP_KERNEL); if (p == NULL) return -ENOMEM; for (i = 0; i < n; i++, p++) { p->owner = module; p->get = probe; p->lock = lock; p->dev = dev; p->range = range; p->data = data; } mutex_lock(domain->lock); for (i = 0, p -= n; i < n; i++, p++, index++) { struct probe **s = &domain->probes[index % 255]; while (*s && (*s)->range < range) s = &(*s)->next; p->next = *s; *s = p; } mutex_unlock(domain->lock); return 0; } void kobj_unmap(struct kobj_map *domain, dev_t dev, unsigned long range) { unsigned n = MAJOR(dev + range - 1) - MAJOR(dev) + 1; unsigned index = MAJOR(dev); unsigned i; struct probe *found = NULL; if (n > 255) n = 255; mutex_lock(domain->lock); for (i = 0; i < n; i++, index++) { struct probe **s; for (s = &domain->probes[index % 255]; *s; s = &(*s)->next) { struct probe *p = *s; if (p->dev == dev && p->range == range) { *s = p->next; if (!found) found = p; break; } } } mutex_unlock(domain->lock); kfree(found); } struct kobject *kobj_lookup(struct kobj_map *domain, dev_t dev, int *index) { struct kobject *kobj; struct probe *p; unsigned long best = ~0UL; retry: mutex_lock(domain->lock); for (p = domain->probes[MAJOR(dev) % 255]; p; p = p->next) { struct kobject *(*probe)(dev_t, int *, void *); struct module *owner; void *data; if (p->dev > dev || p->dev + p->range - 1 < dev) continue; if (p->range - 1 >= best) break; if (!try_module_get(p->owner)) continue; owner = p->owner; data = p->data; probe = p->get; best = p->range - 1; *index = dev - p->dev; if (p->lock && p->lock(dev, data) < 0) { module_put(owner); continue; } mutex_unlock(domain->lock); kobj = probe(dev, index, data); /* Currently ->owner protects _only_ ->probe() itself. */ module_put(owner); if (kobj) return kobj; goto retry; } mutex_unlock(domain->lock); return NULL; } struct kobj_map *kobj_map_init(kobj_probe_t *base_probe, struct mutex *lock) { struct kobj_map *p = kmalloc(sizeof(struct kobj_map), GFP_KERNEL); struct probe *base = kzalloc(sizeof(*base), GFP_KERNEL); int i; if ((p == NULL) || (base == NULL)) { kfree(p); kfree(base); return NULL; } base->dev = 1; base->range = ~0; base->get = base_probe; for (i = 0; i < 255; i++) p->probes[i] = base; p->lock = lock; return p; }
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_IVERSION_H #define _LINUX_IVERSION_H #include <linux/fs.h> /* * The inode->i_version field: * --------------------------- * The change attribute (i_version) is mandated by NFSv4 and is mostly for * knfsd, but is also used for other purposes (e.g. IMA). The i_version must * appear different to observers if there was a change to the inode's data or * metadata since it was last queried. * * Observers see the i_version as a 64-bit number that never decreases. If it * remains the same since it was last checked, then nothing has changed in the * inode. If it's different then something has changed. Observers cannot infer * anything about the nature or magnitude of the changes from the value, only * that the inode has changed in some fashion. * * Not all filesystems properly implement the i_version counter. Subsystems that * want to use i_version field on an inode should first check whether the * filesystem sets the SB_I_VERSION flag (usually via the IS_I_VERSION macro). * * Those that set SB_I_VERSION will automatically have their i_version counter * incremented on writes to normal files. If the SB_I_VERSION is not set, then * the VFS will not touch it on writes, and the filesystem can use it how it * wishes. Note that the filesystem is always responsible for updating the * i_version on namespace changes in directories (mkdir, rmdir, unlink, etc.). * We consider these sorts of filesystems to have a kernel-managed i_version. * * It may be impractical for filesystems to keep i_version updates atomic with * respect to the changes that cause them. They should, however, guarantee * that i_version updates are never visible before the changes that caused * them. Also, i_version updates should never be delayed longer than it takes * the original change to reach disk. * * This implementation uses the low bit in the i_version field as a flag to * track when the value has been queried. If it has not been queried since it * was last incremented, we can skip the increment in most cases. * * In the event that we're updating the ctime, we will usually go ahead and * bump the i_version anyway. Since that has to go to stable storage in some * fashion, we might as well increment it as well. * * With this implementation, the value should always appear to observers to * increase over time if the file has changed. It's recommended to use * inode_eq_iversion() helper to compare values. * * Note that some filesystems (e.g. NFS and AFS) just use the field to store * a server-provided value (for the most part). For that reason, those * filesystems do not set SB_I_VERSION. These filesystems are considered to * have a self-managed i_version. * * Persistently storing the i_version * ---------------------------------- * Queries of the i_version field are not gated on them hitting the backing * store. It's always possible that the host could crash after allowing * a query of the value but before it has made it to disk. * * To mitigate this problem, filesystems should always use * inode_set_iversion_queried when loading an existing inode from disk. This * ensures that the next attempted inode increment will result in the value * changing. * * Storing the value to disk therefore does not count as a query, so those * filesystems should use inode_peek_iversion to grab the value to be stored. * There is no need to flag the value as having been queried in that case. */ /* * We borrow the lowest bit in the i_version to use as a flag to tell whether * it has been queried since we last incremented it. If it has, then we must * increment it on the next change. After that, we can clear the flag and * avoid incrementing it again until it has again been queried. */ #define I_VERSION_QUERIED_SHIFT (1) #define I_VERSION_QUERIED (1ULL << (I_VERSION_QUERIED_SHIFT - 1)) #define I_VERSION_INCREMENT (1ULL << I_VERSION_QUERIED_SHIFT) /** * inode_set_iversion_raw - set i_version to the specified raw value * @inode: inode to set * @val: new i_version value to set * * Set @inode's i_version field to @val. This function is for use by * filesystems that self-manage the i_version. * * For example, the NFS client stores its NFSv4 change attribute in this way, * and the AFS client stores the data_version from the server here. */ static inline void inode_set_iversion_raw(struct inode *inode, u64 val) { atomic64_set(&inode->i_version, val); } /** * inode_peek_iversion_raw - grab a "raw" iversion value * @inode: inode from which i_version should be read * * Grab a "raw" inode->i_version value and return it. The i_version is not * flagged or converted in any way. This is mostly used to access a self-managed * i_version. * * With those filesystems, we want to treat the i_version as an entirely * opaque value. */ static inline u64 inode_peek_iversion_raw(const struct inode *inode) { return atomic64_read(&inode->i_version); } /** * inode_set_max_iversion_raw - update i_version new value is larger * @inode: inode to set * @val: new i_version to set * * Some self-managed filesystems (e.g Ceph) will only update the i_version * value if the new value is larger than the one we already have. */ static inline void inode_set_max_iversion_raw(struct inode *inode, u64 val) { u64 cur, old; cur = inode_peek_iversion_raw(inode); for (;;) { if (cur > val) break; old = atomic64_cmpxchg(&inode->i_version, cur, val); if (likely(old == cur)) break; cur = old; } } /** * inode_set_iversion - set i_version to a particular value * @inode: inode to set * @val: new i_version value to set * * Set @inode's i_version field to @val. This function is for filesystems with * a kernel-managed i_version, for initializing a newly-created inode from * scratch. * * In this case, we do not set the QUERIED flag since we know that this value * has never been queried. */ static inline void inode_set_iversion(struct inode *inode, u64 val) { inode_set_iversion_raw(inode, val << I_VERSION_QUERIED_SHIFT); } /** * inode_set_iversion_queried - set i_version to a particular value as quereied * @inode: inode to set * @val: new i_version value to set * * Set @inode's i_version field to @val, and flag it for increment on the next * change. * * Filesystems that persistently store the i_version on disk should use this * when loading an existing inode from disk. * * When loading in an i_version value from a backing store, we can't be certain * that it wasn't previously viewed before being stored. Thus, we must assume * that it was, to ensure that we don't end up handing out the same value for * different versions of the same inode. */ static inline void inode_set_iversion_queried(struct inode *inode, u64 val) { inode_set_iversion_raw(inode, (val << I_VERSION_QUERIED_SHIFT) | I_VERSION_QUERIED); } /** * inode_maybe_inc_iversion - increments i_version * @inode: inode with the i_version that should be updated * @force: increment the counter even if it's not necessary? * * Every time the inode is modified, the i_version field must be seen to have * changed by any observer. * * If "force" is set or the QUERIED flag is set, then ensure that we increment * the value, and clear the queried flag. * * In the common case where neither is set, then we can return "false" without * updating i_version. * * If this function returns false, and no other metadata has changed, then we * can avoid logging the metadata. */ static inline bool inode_maybe_inc_iversion(struct inode *inode, bool force) { u64 cur, old, new; /* * The i_version field is not strictly ordered with any other inode * information, but the legacy inode_inc_iversion code used a spinlock * to serialize increments. * * Here, we add full memory barriers to ensure that any de-facto * ordering with other info is preserved. * * This barrier pairs with the barrier in inode_query_iversion() */ smp_mb(); cur = inode_peek_iversion_raw(inode); for (;;) { /* If flag is clear then we needn't do anything */ if (!force && !(cur & I_VERSION_QUERIED)) return false; /* Since lowest bit is flag, add 2 to avoid it */ new = (cur & ~I_VERSION_QUERIED) + I_VERSION_INCREMENT; old = atomic64_cmpxchg(&inode->i_version, cur, new); if (likely(old == cur)) break; cur = old; } return true; } /** * inode_inc_iversion - forcibly increment i_version * @inode: inode that needs to be updated * * Forcbily increment the i_version field. This always results in a change to * the observable value. */ static inline void inode_inc_iversion(struct inode *inode) { inode_maybe_inc_iversion(inode, true); } /** * inode_iversion_need_inc - is the i_version in need of being incremented? * @inode: inode to check * * Returns whether the inode->i_version counter needs incrementing on the next * change. Just fetch the value and check the QUERIED flag. */ static inline bool inode_iversion_need_inc(struct inode *inode) { return inode_peek_iversion_raw(inode) & I_VERSION_QUERIED; } /** * inode_inc_iversion_raw - forcibly increment raw i_version * @inode: inode that needs to be updated * * Forcbily increment the raw i_version field. This always results in a change * to the raw value. * * NFS will use the i_version field to store the value from the server. It * mostly treats it as opaque, but in the case where it holds a write * delegation, it must increment the value itself. This function does that. */ static inline void inode_inc_iversion_raw(struct inode *inode) { atomic64_inc(&inode->i_version); } /** * inode_peek_iversion - read i_version without flagging it to be incremented * @inode: inode from which i_version should be read * * Read the inode i_version counter for an inode without registering it as a * query. * * This is typically used by local filesystems that need to store an i_version * on disk. In that situation, it's not necessary to flag it as having been * viewed, as the result won't be used to gauge changes from that point. */ static inline u64 inode_peek_iversion(const struct inode *inode) { return inode_peek_iversion_raw(inode) >> I_VERSION_QUERIED_SHIFT; } /** * inode_query_iversion - read i_version for later use * @inode: inode from which i_version should be read * * Read the inode i_version counter. This should be used by callers that wish * to store the returned i_version for later comparison. This will guarantee * that a later query of the i_version will result in a different value if * anything has changed. * * In this implementation, we fetch the current value, set the QUERIED flag and * then try to swap it into place with a cmpxchg, if it wasn't already set. If * that fails, we try again with the newly fetched value from the cmpxchg. */ static inline u64 inode_query_iversion(struct inode *inode) { u64 cur, old, new; cur = inode_peek_iversion_raw(inode); for (;;) { /* If flag is already set, then no need to swap */ if (cur & I_VERSION_QUERIED) { /* * This barrier (and the implicit barrier in the * cmpxchg below) pairs with the barrier in * inode_maybe_inc_iversion(). */ smp_mb(); break; } new = cur | I_VERSION_QUERIED; old = atomic64_cmpxchg(&inode->i_version, cur, new); if (likely(old == cur)) break; cur = old; } return cur >> I_VERSION_QUERIED_SHIFT; } /** * inode_eq_iversion_raw - check whether the raw i_version counter has changed * @inode: inode to check * @old: old value to check against its i_version * * Compare the current raw i_version counter with a previous one. Returns true * if they are the same or false if they are different. */ static inline bool inode_eq_iversion_raw(const struct inode *inode, u64 old) { return inode_peek_iversion_raw(inode) == old; } /** * inode_eq_iversion - check whether the i_version counter has changed * @inode: inode to check * @old: old value to check against its i_version * * Compare an i_version counter with a previous one. Returns true if they are * the same, and false if they are different. * * Note that we don't need to set the QUERIED flag in this case, as the value * in the inode is not being recorded for later use. */ static inline bool inode_eq_iversion(const struct inode *inode, u64 old) { return inode_peek_iversion(inode) == old; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM io_uring #if !defined(_TRACE_IO_URING_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_IO_URING_H #include <linux/tracepoint.h> struct io_wq_work; /** * io_uring_create - called after a new io_uring context was prepared * * @fd: corresponding file descriptor * @ctx: pointer to a ring context structure * @sq_entries: actual SQ size * @cq_entries: actual CQ size * @flags: SQ ring flags, provided to io_uring_setup(2) * * Allows to trace io_uring creation and provide pointer to a context, that can * be used later to find correlated events. */ TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_create, TP_PROTO(int fd, void *ctx, u32 sq_entries, u32 cq_entries, u32 flags), TP_ARGS(fd, ctx, sq_entries, cq_entries, flags), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( int, fd ) __field( void *, ctx ) __field( u32, sq_entries ) __field( u32, cq_entries ) __field( u32, flags ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->fd = fd; __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->sq_entries = sq_entries; __entry->cq_entries = cq_entries; __entry->flags = flags; ), TP_printk("ring %p, fd %d sq size %d, cq size %d, flags %d", __entry->ctx, __entry->fd, __entry->sq_entries, __entry->cq_entries, __entry->flags) ); /** * io_uring_register - called after a buffer/file/eventfd was succesfully * registered for a ring * * @ctx: pointer to a ring context structure * @opcode: describes which operation to perform * @nr_user_files: number of registered files * @nr_user_bufs: number of registered buffers * @cq_ev_fd: whether eventfs registered or not * @ret: return code * * Allows to trace fixed files/buffers/eventfds, that could be registered to * avoid an overhead of getting references to them for every operation. This * event, together with io_uring_file_get, can provide a full picture of how * much overhead one can reduce via fixing. */ TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_register, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, unsigned opcode, unsigned nr_files, unsigned nr_bufs, bool eventfd, long ret), TP_ARGS(ctx, opcode, nr_files, nr_bufs, eventfd, ret), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( unsigned, opcode ) __field( unsigned, nr_files ) __field( unsigned, nr_bufs ) __field( bool, eventfd ) __field( long, ret ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->opcode = opcode; __entry->nr_files = nr_files; __entry->nr_bufs = nr_bufs; __entry->eventfd = eventfd; __entry->ret = ret; ), TP_printk("ring %p, opcode %d, nr_user_files %d, nr_user_bufs %d, " "eventfd %d, ret %ld", __entry->ctx, __entry->opcode, __entry->nr_files, __entry->nr_bufs, __entry->eventfd, __entry->ret) ); /** * io_uring_file_get - called before getting references to an SQE file * * @ctx: pointer to a ring context structure * @fd: SQE file descriptor * * Allows to trace out how often an SQE file reference is obtained, which can * help figuring out if it makes sense to use fixed files, or check that fixed * files are used correctly. */ TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_file_get, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, int fd), TP_ARGS(ctx, fd), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( int, fd ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->fd = fd; ), TP_printk("ring %p, fd %d", __entry->ctx, __entry->fd) ); /** * io_uring_queue_async_work - called before submitting a new async work * * @ctx: pointer to a ring context structure * @hashed: type of workqueue, hashed or normal * @req: pointer to a submitted request * @work: pointer to a submitted io_wq_work * * Allows to trace asynchronous work submission. */ TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_queue_async_work, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, int rw, void * req, struct io_wq_work *work, unsigned int flags), TP_ARGS(ctx, rw, req, work, flags), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( int, rw ) __field( void *, req ) __field( struct io_wq_work *, work ) __field( unsigned int, flags ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->rw = rw; __entry->req = req; __entry->work = work; __entry->flags = flags; ), TP_printk("ring %p, request %p, flags %d, %s queue, work %p", __entry->ctx, __entry->req, __entry->flags, __entry->rw ? "hashed" : "normal", __entry->work) ); /** * io_uring_defer - called when an io_uring request is deferred * * @ctx: pointer to a ring context structure * @req: pointer to a deferred request * @user_data: user data associated with the request * * Allows to track deferred requests, to get an insight about what requests are * not started immediately. */ TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_defer, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, void *req, unsigned long long user_data), TP_ARGS(ctx, req, user_data), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( void *, req ) __field( unsigned long long, data ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->req = req; __entry->data = user_data; ), TP_printk("ring %p, request %p user_data %llu", __entry->ctx, __entry->req, __entry->data) ); /** * io_uring_link - called before the io_uring request added into link_list of * another request * * @ctx: pointer to a ring context structure * @req: pointer to a linked request * @target_req: pointer to a previous request, that would contain @req * * Allows to track linked requests, to understand dependencies between requests * and how does it influence their execution flow. */ TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_link, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, void *req, void *target_req), TP_ARGS(ctx, req, target_req), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( void *, req ) __field( void *, target_req ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->req = req; __entry->target_req = target_req; ), TP_printk("ring %p, request %p linked after %p", __entry->ctx, __entry->req, __entry->target_req) ); /** * io_uring_cqring_wait - called before start waiting for an available CQE * * @ctx: pointer to a ring context structure * @min_events: minimal number of events to wait for * * Allows to track waiting for CQE, so that we can e.g. troubleshoot * situations, when an application wants to wait for an event, that never * comes. */ TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_cqring_wait, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, int min_events), TP_ARGS(ctx, min_events), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( int, min_events ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->min_events = min_events; ), TP_printk("ring %p, min_events %d", __entry->ctx, __entry->min_events) ); /** * io_uring_fail_link - called before failing a linked request * * @req: request, which links were cancelled * @link: cancelled link * * Allows to track linked requests cancellation, to see not only that some work * was cancelled, but also which request was the reason. */ TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_fail_link, TP_PROTO(void *req, void *link), TP_ARGS(req, link), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, req ) __field( void *, link ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->req = req; __entry->link = link; ), TP_printk("request %p, link %p", __entry->req, __entry->link) ); /** * io_uring_complete - called when completing an SQE * * @ctx: pointer to a ring context structure * @user_data: user data associated with the request * @res: result of the request * */ TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_complete, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, u64 user_data, long res), TP_ARGS(ctx, user_data, res), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( u64, user_data ) __field( long, res ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->user_data = user_data; __entry->res = res; ), TP_printk("ring %p, user_data 0x%llx, result %ld", __entry->ctx, (unsigned long long)__entry->user_data, __entry->res) ); /** * io_uring_submit_sqe - called before submitting one SQE * * @ctx: pointer to a ring context structure * @opcode: opcode of request * @user_data: user data associated with the request * @force_nonblock: whether a context blocking or not * @sq_thread: true if sq_thread has submitted this SQE * * Allows to track SQE submitting, to understand what was the source of it, SQ * thread or io_uring_enter call. */ TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_submit_sqe, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, u8 opcode, u64 user_data, bool force_nonblock, bool sq_thread), TP_ARGS(ctx, opcode, user_data, force_nonblock, sq_thread), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( u8, opcode ) __field( u64, user_data ) __field( bool, force_nonblock ) __field( bool, sq_thread ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->opcode = opcode; __entry->user_data = user_data; __entry->force_nonblock = force_nonblock; __entry->sq_thread = sq_thread; ), TP_printk("ring %p, op %d, data 0x%llx, non block %d, sq_thread %d", __entry->ctx, __entry->opcode, (unsigned long long) __entry->user_data, __entry->force_nonblock, __entry->sq_thread) ); TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_poll_arm, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, u8 opcode, u64 user_data, int mask, int events), TP_ARGS(ctx, opcode, user_data, mask, events), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( u8, opcode ) __field( u64, user_data ) __field( int, mask ) __field( int, events ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->opcode = opcode; __entry->user_data = user_data; __entry->mask = mask; __entry->events = events; ), TP_printk("ring %p, op %d, data 0x%llx, mask 0x%x, events 0x%x", __entry->ctx, __entry->opcode, (unsigned long long) __entry->user_data, __entry->mask, __entry->events) ); TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_poll_wake, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, u8 opcode, u64 user_data, int mask), TP_ARGS(ctx, opcode, user_data, mask), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( u8, opcode ) __field( u64, user_data ) __field( int, mask ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->opcode = opcode; __entry->user_data = user_data; __entry->mask = mask; ), TP_printk("ring %p, op %d, data 0x%llx, mask 0x%x", __entry->ctx, __entry->opcode, (unsigned long long) __entry->user_data, __entry->mask) ); TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_task_add, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, u8 opcode, u64 user_data, int mask), TP_ARGS(ctx, opcode, user_data, mask), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( u8, opcode ) __field( u64, user_data ) __field( int, mask ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->opcode = opcode; __entry->user_data = user_data; __entry->mask = mask; ), TP_printk("ring %p, op %d, data 0x%llx, mask %x", __entry->ctx, __entry->opcode, (unsigned long long) __entry->user_data, __entry->mask) ); TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_task_run, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, u8 opcode, u64 user_data), TP_ARGS(ctx, opcode, user_data), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( u8, opcode ) __field( u64, user_data ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->opcode = opcode; __entry->user_data = user_data; ), TP_printk("ring %p, op %d, data 0x%llx", __entry->ctx, __entry->opcode, (unsigned long long) __entry->user_data) ); #endif /* _TRACE_IO_URING_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _NETFILTER_INGRESS_H_ #define _NETFILTER_INGRESS_H_ #include <linux/netfilter.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #ifdef CONFIG_NETFILTER_INGRESS static inline bool nf_hook_ingress_active(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL if (!static_key_false(&nf_hooks_needed[NFPROTO_NETDEV][NF_NETDEV_INGRESS])) return false; #endif return rcu_access_pointer(skb->dev->nf_hooks_ingress); } /* caller must hold rcu_read_lock */ static inline int nf_hook_ingress(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct nf_hook_entries *e = rcu_dereference(skb->dev->nf_hooks_ingress); struct nf_hook_state state; int ret; /* Must recheck the ingress hook head, in the event it became NULL * after the check in nf_hook_ingress_active evaluated to true. */ if (unlikely(!e)) return 0; nf_hook_state_init(&state, NF_NETDEV_INGRESS, NFPROTO_NETDEV, skb->dev, NULL, NULL, dev_net(skb->dev), NULL); ret = nf_hook_slow(skb, &state, e, 0); if (ret == 0) return -1; return ret; } static inline void nf_hook_ingress_init(struct net_device *dev) { RCU_INIT_POINTER(dev->nf_hooks_ingress, NULL); } #else /* CONFIG_NETFILTER_INGRESS */ static inline int nf_hook_ingress_active(struct sk_buff *skb) { return 0; } static inline int nf_hook_ingress(struct sk_buff *skb) { return 0; } static inline void nf_hook_ingress_init(struct net_device *dev) {} #endif /* CONFIG_NETFILTER_INGRESS */ #endif /* _NETFILTER_INGRESS_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* md.h : kernel internal structure of the Linux MD driver Copyright (C) 1996-98 Ingo Molnar, Gadi Oxman */ #ifndef _MD_MD_H #define _MD_MD_H #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/backing-dev.h> #include <linux/badblocks.h> #include <linux/kobject.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/timer.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include "md-cluster.h" #define MaxSector (~(sector_t)0) /* * These flags should really be called "NO_RETRY" rather than * "FAILFAST" because they don't make any promise about time lapse, * only about the number of retries, which will be zero. * REQ_FAILFAST_DRIVER is not included because * Commit: 4a27446f3e39 ("[SCSI] modify scsi to handle new fail fast flags.") * seems to suggest that the errors it avoids retrying should usually * be retried. */ #define MD_FAILFAST (REQ_FAILFAST_DEV | REQ_FAILFAST_TRANSPORT) /* * The struct embedded in rdev is used to serialize IO. */ struct serial_in_rdev { struct rb_root_cached serial_rb; spinlock_t serial_lock; wait_queue_head_t serial_io_wait; }; /* * MD's 'extended' device */ struct md_rdev { struct list_head same_set; /* RAID devices within the same set */ sector_t sectors; /* Device size (in 512bytes sectors) */ struct mddev *mddev; /* RAID array if running */ int last_events; /* IO event timestamp */ /* * If meta_bdev is non-NULL, it means that a separate device is * being used to store the metadata (superblock/bitmap) which * would otherwise be contained on the same device as the data (bdev). */ struct block_device *meta_bdev; struct block_device *bdev; /* block device handle */ struct page *sb_page, *bb_page; int sb_loaded; __u64 sb_events; sector_t data_offset; /* start of data in array */ sector_t new_data_offset;/* only relevant while reshaping */ sector_t sb_start; /* offset of the super block (in 512byte sectors) */ int sb_size; /* bytes in the superblock */ int preferred_minor; /* autorun support */ struct kobject kobj; /* A device can be in one of three states based on two flags: * Not working: faulty==1 in_sync==0 * Fully working: faulty==0 in_sync==1 * Working, but not * in sync with array * faulty==0 in_sync==0 * * It can never have faulty==1, in_sync==1 * This reduces the burden of testing multiple flags in many cases */ unsigned long flags; /* bit set of 'enum flag_bits' bits. */ wait_queue_head_t blocked_wait; int desc_nr; /* descriptor index in the superblock */ int raid_disk; /* role of device in array */ int new_raid_disk; /* role that the device will have in * the array after a level-change completes. */ int saved_raid_disk; /* role that device used to have in the * array and could again if we did a partial * resync from the bitmap */ union { sector_t recovery_offset;/* If this device has been partially * recovered, this is where we were * up to. */ sector_t journal_tail; /* If this device is a journal device, * this is the journal tail (journal * recovery start point) */ }; atomic_t nr_pending; /* number of pending requests. * only maintained for arrays that * support hot removal */ atomic_t read_errors; /* number of consecutive read errors that * we have tried to ignore. */ time64_t last_read_error; /* monotonic time since our * last read error */ atomic_t corrected_errors; /* number of corrected read errors, * for reporting to userspace and storing * in superblock. */ struct serial_in_rdev *serial; /* used for raid1 io serialization */ struct work_struct del_work; /* used for delayed sysfs removal */ struct kernfs_node *sysfs_state; /* handle for 'state' * sysfs entry */ /* handle for 'unacknowledged_bad_blocks' sysfs dentry */ struct kernfs_node *sysfs_unack_badblocks; /* handle for 'bad_blocks' sysfs dentry */ struct kernfs_node *sysfs_badblocks; struct badblocks badblocks; struct { short offset; /* Offset from superblock to start of PPL. * Not used by external metadata. */ unsigned int size; /* Size in sectors of the PPL space */ sector_t sector; /* First sector of the PPL space */ } ppl; }; enum flag_bits { Faulty, /* device is known to have a fault */ In_sync, /* device is in_sync with rest of array */ Bitmap_sync, /* ..actually, not quite In_sync. Need a * bitmap-based recovery to get fully in sync. * The bit is only meaningful before device * has been passed to pers->hot_add_disk. */ WriteMostly, /* Avoid reading if at all possible */ AutoDetected, /* added by auto-detect */ Blocked, /* An error occurred but has not yet * been acknowledged by the metadata * handler, so don't allow writes * until it is cleared */ WriteErrorSeen, /* A write error has been seen on this * device */ FaultRecorded, /* Intermediate state for clearing * Blocked. The Fault is/will-be * recorded in the metadata, but that * metadata hasn't been stored safely * on disk yet. */ BlockedBadBlocks, /* A writer is blocked because they * found an unacknowledged bad-block. * This can safely be cleared at any * time, and the writer will re-check. * It may be set at any time, and at * worst the writer will timeout and * re-check. So setting it as * accurately as possible is good, but * not absolutely critical. */ WantReplacement, /* This device is a candidate to be * hot-replaced, either because it has * reported some faults, or because * of explicit request. */ Replacement, /* This device is a replacement for * a want_replacement device with same * raid_disk number. */ Candidate, /* For clustered environments only: * This device is seen locally but not * by the whole cluster */ Journal, /* This device is used as journal for * raid-5/6. * Usually, this device should be faster * than other devices in the array */ ClusterRemove, RemoveSynchronized, /* synchronize_rcu() was called after * this device was known to be faulty, * so it is safe to remove without * another synchronize_rcu() call. */ ExternalBbl, /* External metadata provides bad * block management for a disk */ FailFast, /* Minimal retries should be attempted on * this device, so use REQ_FAILFAST_DEV. * Also don't try to repair failed reads. * It is expects that no bad block log * is present. */ LastDev, /* Seems to be the last working dev as * it didn't fail, so don't use FailFast * any more for metadata */ CollisionCheck, /* * check if there is collision between raid1 * serial bios. */ }; static inline int is_badblock(struct md_rdev *rdev, sector_t s, int sectors, sector_t *first_bad, int *bad_sectors) { if (unlikely(rdev->badblocks.count)) { int rv = badblocks_check(&rdev->badblocks, rdev->data_offset + s, sectors, first_bad, bad_sectors); if (rv) *first_bad -= rdev->data_offset; return rv; } return 0; } extern int rdev_set_badblocks(struct md_rdev *rdev, sector_t s, int sectors, int is_new); extern int rdev_clear_badblocks(struct md_rdev *rdev, sector_t s, int sectors, int is_new); struct md_cluster_info; /* change UNSUPPORTED_MDDEV_FLAGS for each array type if new flag is added */ enum mddev_flags { MD_ARRAY_FIRST_USE, /* First use of array, needs initialization */ MD_CLOSING, /* If set, we are closing the array, do not open * it then */ MD_JOURNAL_CLEAN, /* A raid with journal is already clean */ MD_HAS_JOURNAL, /* The raid array has journal feature set */ MD_CLUSTER_RESYNC_LOCKED, /* cluster raid only, which means node * already took resync lock, need to * release the lock */ MD_FAILFAST_SUPPORTED, /* Using MD_FAILFAST on metadata writes is * supported as calls to md_error() will * never cause the array to become failed. */ MD_HAS_PPL, /* The raid array has PPL feature set */ MD_HAS_MULTIPLE_PPLS, /* The raid array has multiple PPLs feature set */ MD_ALLOW_SB_UPDATE, /* md_check_recovery is allowed to update * the metadata without taking reconfig_mutex. */ MD_UPDATING_SB, /* md_check_recovery is updating the metadata * without explicitly holding reconfig_mutex. */ MD_NOT_READY, /* do_md_run() is active, so 'array_state' * must not report that array is ready yet */ MD_BROKEN, /* This is used in RAID-0/LINEAR only, to stop * I/O in case an array member is gone/failed. */ }; enum mddev_sb_flags { MD_SB_CHANGE_DEVS, /* Some device status has changed */ MD_SB_CHANGE_CLEAN, /* transition to or from 'clean' */ MD_SB_CHANGE_PENDING, /* switch from 'clean' to 'active' in progress */ MD_SB_NEED_REWRITE, /* metadata write needs to be repeated */ }; #define NR_SERIAL_INFOS 8 /* record current range of serialize IOs */ struct serial_info { struct rb_node node; sector_t start; /* start sector of rb node */ sector_t last; /* end sector of rb node */ sector_t _subtree_last; /* highest sector in subtree of rb node */ }; struct mddev { void *private; struct md_personality *pers; dev_t unit; int md_minor; struct list_head disks; unsigned long flags; unsigned long sb_flags; int suspended; atomic_t active_io; int ro; int sysfs_active; /* set when sysfs deletes * are happening, so run/ * takeover/stop are not safe */ struct gendisk *gendisk; struct kobject kobj; int hold_active; #define UNTIL_IOCTL 1 #define UNTIL_STOP 2 /* Superblock information */ int major_version, minor_version, patch_version; int persistent; int external; /* metadata is * managed externally */ char metadata_type[17]; /* externally set*/ int chunk_sectors; time64_t ctime, utime; int level, layout; char clevel[16]; int raid_disks; int max_disks; sector_t dev_sectors; /* used size of * component devices */ sector_t array_sectors; /* exported array size */ int external_size; /* size managed * externally */ __u64 events; /* If the last 'event' was simply a clean->dirty transition, and * we didn't write it to the spares, then it is safe and simple * to just decrement the event count on a dirty->clean transition. * So we record that possibility here. */ int can_decrease_events; char uuid[16]; /* If the array is being reshaped, we need to record the * new shape and an indication of where we are up to. * This is written to the superblock. * If reshape_position is MaxSector, then no reshape is happening (yet). */ sector_t reshape_position; int delta_disks, new_level, new_layout; int new_chunk_sectors; int reshape_backwards; struct md_thread *thread; /* management thread */ struct md_thread *sync_thread; /* doing resync or reconstruct */ /* 'last_sync_action' is initialized to "none". It is set when a * sync operation (i.e "data-check", "requested-resync", "resync", * "recovery", or "reshape") is started. It holds this value even * when the sync thread is "frozen" (interrupted) or "idle" (stopped * or finished). It is overwritten when a new sync operation is begun. */ char *last_sync_action; sector_t curr_resync; /* last block scheduled */ /* As resync requests can complete out of order, we cannot easily track * how much resync has been completed. So we occasionally pause until * everything completes, then set curr_resync_completed to curr_resync. * As such it may be well behind the real resync mark, but it is a value * we are certain of. */ sector_t curr_resync_completed; unsigned long resync_mark; /* a recent timestamp */ sector_t resync_mark_cnt;/* blocks written at resync_mark */ sector_t curr_mark_cnt; /* blocks scheduled now */ sector_t resync_max_sectors; /* may be set by personality */ atomic64_t resync_mismatches; /* count of sectors where * parity/replica mismatch found */ /* allow user-space to request suspension of IO to regions of the array */ sector_t suspend_lo; sector_t suspend_hi; /* if zero, use the system-wide default */ int sync_speed_min; int sync_speed_max; /* resync even though the same disks are shared among md-devices */ int parallel_resync; int ok_start_degraded; unsigned long recovery; /* If a RAID personality determines that recovery (of a particular * device) will fail due to a read error on the source device, it * takes a copy of this number and does not attempt recovery again * until this number changes. */ int recovery_disabled; int in_sync; /* know to not need resync */ /* 'open_mutex' avoids races between 'md_open' and 'do_md_stop', so * that we are never stopping an array while it is open. * 'reconfig_mutex' protects all other reconfiguration. * These locks are separate due to conflicting interactions * with bdev->bd_mutex. * Lock ordering is: * reconfig_mutex -> bd_mutex * bd_mutex -> open_mutex: e.g. __blkdev_get -> md_open */ struct mutex open_mutex; struct mutex reconfig_mutex; atomic_t active; /* general refcount */ atomic_t openers; /* number of active opens */ int changed; /* True if we might need to * reread partition info */ int degraded; /* whether md should consider * adding a spare */ atomic_t recovery_active; /* blocks scheduled, but not written */ wait_queue_head_t recovery_wait; sector_t recovery_cp; sector_t resync_min; /* user requested sync * starts here */ sector_t resync_max; /* resync should pause * when it gets here */ struct kernfs_node *sysfs_state; /* handle for 'array_state' * file in sysfs. */ struct kernfs_node *sysfs_action; /* handle for 'sync_action' */ struct kernfs_node *sysfs_completed; /*handle for 'sync_completed' */ struct kernfs_node *sysfs_degraded; /*handle for 'degraded' */ struct kernfs_node *sysfs_level; /*handle for 'level' */ struct work_struct del_work; /* used for delayed sysfs removal */ /* "lock" protects: * flush_bio transition from NULL to !NULL * rdev superblocks, events * clearing MD_CHANGE_* * in_sync - and related safemode and MD_CHANGE changes * pers (also protected by reconfig_mutex and pending IO). * clearing ->bitmap * clearing ->bitmap_info.file * changing ->resync_{min,max} * setting MD_RECOVERY_RUNNING (which interacts with resync_{min,max}) */ spinlock_t lock; wait_queue_head_t sb_wait; /* for waiting on superblock updates */ atomic_t pending_writes; /* number of active superblock writes */ unsigned int safemode; /* if set, update "clean" superblock * when no writes pending. */ unsigned int safemode_delay; struct timer_list safemode_timer; struct percpu_ref writes_pending; int sync_checkers; /* # of threads checking writes_pending */ struct request_queue *queue; /* for plugging ... */ struct bitmap *bitmap; /* the bitmap for the device */ struct { struct file *file; /* the bitmap file */ loff_t offset; /* offset from superblock of * start of bitmap. May be * negative, but not '0' * For external metadata, offset * from start of device. */ unsigned long space; /* space available at this offset */ loff_t default_offset; /* this is the offset to use when * hot-adding a bitmap. It should * eventually be settable by sysfs. */ unsigned long default_space; /* space available at * default offset */ struct mutex mutex; unsigned long chunksize; unsigned long daemon_sleep; /* how many jiffies between updates? */ unsigned long max_write_behind; /* write-behind mode */ int external; int nodes; /* Maximum number of nodes in the cluster */ char cluster_name[64]; /* Name of the cluster */ } bitmap_info; atomic_t max_corr_read_errors; /* max read retries */ struct list_head all_mddevs; struct attribute_group *to_remove; struct bio_set bio_set; struct bio_set sync_set; /* for sync operations like * metadata and bitmap writes */ mempool_t md_io_pool; /* Generic flush handling. * The last to finish preflush schedules a worker to submit * the rest of the request (without the REQ_PREFLUSH flag). */ struct bio *flush_bio; atomic_t flush_pending; ktime_t start_flush, last_flush; /* last_flush is when the last completed * flush was started. */ struct work_struct flush_work; struct work_struct event_work; /* used by dm to report failure event */ mempool_t *serial_info_pool; void (*sync_super)(struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev); struct md_cluster_info *cluster_info; unsigned int good_device_nr; /* good device num within cluster raid */ unsigned int noio_flag; /* for memalloc scope API */ bool has_superblocks:1; bool fail_last_dev:1; bool serialize_policy:1; }; enum recovery_flags { /* * If neither SYNC or RESHAPE are set, then it is a recovery. */ MD_RECOVERY_RUNNING, /* a thread is running, or about to be started */ MD_RECOVERY_SYNC, /* actually doing a resync, not a recovery */ MD_RECOVERY_RECOVER, /* doing recovery, or need to try it. */ MD_RECOVERY_INTR, /* resync needs to be aborted for some reason */ MD_RECOVERY_DONE, /* thread is done and is waiting to be reaped */ MD_RECOVERY_NEEDED, /* we might need to start a resync/recover */ MD_RECOVERY_REQUESTED, /* user-space has requested a sync (used with SYNC) */ MD_RECOVERY_CHECK, /* user-space request for check-only, no repair */ MD_RECOVERY_RESHAPE, /* A reshape is happening */ MD_RECOVERY_FROZEN, /* User request to abort, and not restart, any action */ MD_RECOVERY_ERROR, /* sync-action interrupted because io-error */ MD_RECOVERY_WAIT, /* waiting for pers->start() to finish */ MD_RESYNCING_REMOTE, /* remote node is running resync thread */ }; static inline int __must_check mddev_lock(struct mddev *mddev) { return mutex_lock_interruptible(&mddev->reconfig_mutex); } /* Sometimes we need to take the lock in a situation where * failure due to interrupts is not acceptable. */ static inline void mddev_lock_nointr(struct mddev *mddev) { mutex_lock(&mddev->reconfig_mutex); } static inline int mddev_trylock(struct mddev *mddev) { return mutex_trylock(&mddev->reconfig_mutex); } extern void mddev_unlock(struct mddev *mddev); static inline void md_sync_acct(struct block_device *bdev, unsigned long nr_sectors) { atomic_add(nr_sectors, &bdev->bd_disk->sync_io); } static inline void md_sync_acct_bio(struct bio *bio, unsigned long nr_sectors) { atomic_add(nr_sectors, &bio->bi_disk->sync_io); } struct md_personality { char *name; int level; struct list_head list; struct module *owner; bool __must_check (*make_request)(struct mddev *mddev, struct bio *bio); /* * start up works that do NOT require md_thread. tasks that * requires md_thread should go into start() */ int (*run)(struct mddev *mddev); /* start up works that require md threads */ int (*start)(struct mddev *mddev); void (*free)(struct mddev *mddev, void *priv); void (*status)(struct seq_file *seq, struct mddev *mddev); /* error_handler must set ->faulty and clear ->in_sync * if appropriate, and should abort recovery if needed */ void (*error_handler)(struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev); int (*hot_add_disk) (struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev); int (*hot_remove_disk) (struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev); int (*spare_active) (struct mddev *mddev); sector_t (*sync_request)(struct mddev *mddev, sector_t sector_nr, int *skipped); int (*resize) (struct mddev *mddev, sector_t sectors); sector_t (*size) (struct mddev *mddev, sector_t sectors, int raid_disks); int (*check_reshape) (struct mddev *mddev); int (*start_reshape) (struct mddev *mddev); void (*finish_reshape) (struct mddev *mddev); void (*update_reshape_pos) (struct mddev *mddev); /* quiesce suspends or resumes internal processing. * 1 - stop new actions and wait for action io to complete * 0 - return to normal behaviour */ void (*quiesce) (struct mddev *mddev, int quiesce); /* takeover is used to transition an array from one * personality to another. The new personality must be able * to handle the data in the current layout. * e.g. 2drive raid1 -> 2drive raid5 * ndrive raid5 -> degraded n+1drive raid6 with special layout * If the takeover succeeds, a new 'private' structure is returned. * This needs to be installed and then ->run used to activate the * array. */ void *(*takeover) (struct mddev *mddev); /* Changes the consistency policy of an active array. */ int (*change_consistency_policy)(struct mddev *mddev, const char *buf); }; struct md_sysfs_entry { struct attribute attr; ssize_t (*show)(struct mddev *, char *); ssize_t (*store)(struct mddev *, const char *, size_t); }; extern struct attribute_group md_bitmap_group; static inline struct kernfs_node *sysfs_get_dirent_safe(struct kernfs_node *sd, char *name) { if (sd) return sysfs_get_dirent(sd, name); return sd; } static inline void sysfs_notify_dirent_safe(struct kernfs_node *sd) { if (sd) sysfs_notify_dirent(sd); } static inline char * mdname (struct mddev * mddev) { return mddev->gendisk ? mddev->gendisk->disk_name : "mdX"; } static inline int sysfs_link_rdev(struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev) { char nm[20]; if (!test_bit(Replacement, &rdev->flags) && !test_bit(Journal, &rdev->flags) && mddev->kobj.sd) { sprintf(nm, "rd%d", rdev->raid_disk); return sysfs_create_link(&mddev->kobj, &rdev->kobj, nm); } else return 0; } static inline void sysfs_unlink_rdev(struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev) { char nm[20]; if (!test_bit(Replacement, &rdev->flags) && !test_bit(Journal, &rdev->flags) && mddev->kobj.sd) { sprintf(nm, "rd%d", rdev->raid_disk); sysfs_remove_link(&mddev->kobj, nm); } } /* * iterates through some rdev ringlist. It's safe to remove the * current 'rdev'. Dont touch 'tmp' though. */ #define rdev_for_each_list(rdev, tmp, head) \ list_for_each_entry_safe(rdev, tmp, head, same_set) /* * iterates through the 'same array disks' ringlist */ #define rdev_for_each(rdev, mddev) \ list_for_each_entry(rdev, &((mddev)->disks), same_set) #define rdev_for_each_safe(rdev, tmp, mddev) \ list_for_each_entry_safe(rdev, tmp, &((mddev)->disks), same_set) #define rdev_for_each_rcu(rdev, mddev) \ list_for_each_entry_rcu(rdev, &((mddev)->disks), same_set) struct md_thread { void (*run) (struct md_thread *thread); struct mddev *mddev; wait_queue_head_t wqueue; unsigned long flags; struct task_struct *tsk; unsigned long timeout; void *private; }; #define THREAD_WAKEUP 0 static inline void safe_put_page(struct page *p) { if (p) put_page(p); } extern int register_md_personality(struct md_personality *p); extern int unregister_md_personality(struct md_personality *p); extern int register_md_cluster_operations(struct md_cluster_operations *ops, struct module *module); extern int unregister_md_cluster_operations(void); extern int md_setup_cluster(struct mddev *mddev, int nodes); extern void md_cluster_stop(struct mddev *mddev); extern struct md_thread *md_register_thread( void (*run)(struct md_thread *thread), struct mddev *mddev, const char *name); extern void md_unregister_thread(struct md_thread **threadp); extern void md_wakeup_thread(struct md_thread *thread); extern void md_check_recovery(struct mddev *mddev); extern void md_reap_sync_thread(struct mddev *mddev); extern int mddev_init_writes_pending(struct mddev *mddev); extern bool md_write_start(struct mddev *mddev, struct bio *bi); extern void md_write_inc(struct mddev *mddev, struct bio *bi); extern void md_write_end(struct mddev *mddev); extern void md_done_sync(struct mddev *mddev, int blocks, int ok); extern void md_error(struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev); extern void md_finish_reshape(struct mddev *mddev); extern bool __must_check md_flush_request(struct mddev *mddev, struct bio *bio); extern void md_super_write(struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev, sector_t sector, int size, struct page *page); extern int md_super_wait(struct mddev *mddev); extern int sync_page_io(struct md_rdev *rdev, sector_t sector, int size, struct page *page, int op, int op_flags, bool metadata_op); extern void md_do_sync(struct md_thread *thread); extern void md_new_event(struct mddev *mddev); extern void md_allow_write(struct mddev *mddev); extern void md_wait_for_blocked_rdev(struct md_rdev *rdev, struct mddev *mddev); extern void md_set_array_sectors(struct mddev *mddev, sector_t array_sectors); extern int md_check_no_bitmap(struct mddev *mddev); extern int md_integrity_register(struct mddev *mddev); extern int md_integrity_add_rdev(struct md_rdev *rdev, struct mddev *mddev); extern int strict_strtoul_scaled(const char *cp, unsigned long *res, int scale); extern void mddev_init(struct mddev *mddev); extern int md_run(struct mddev *mddev); extern int md_start(struct mddev *mddev); extern void md_stop(struct mddev *mddev); extern void md_stop_writes(struct mddev *mddev); extern int md_rdev_init(struct md_rdev *rdev); extern void md_rdev_clear(struct md_rdev *rdev); extern void md_handle_request(struct mddev *mddev, struct bio *bio); extern void mddev_suspend(struct mddev *mddev); extern void mddev_resume(struct mddev *mddev); extern struct bio *bio_alloc_mddev(gfp_t gfp_mask, int nr_iovecs, struct mddev *mddev); extern void md_reload_sb(struct mddev *mddev, int raid_disk); extern void md_update_sb(struct mddev *mddev, int force); extern void md_kick_rdev_from_array(struct md_rdev * rdev); extern void mddev_create_serial_pool(struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev, bool is_suspend); extern void mddev_destroy_serial_pool(struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev, bool is_suspend); struct md_rdev *md_find_rdev_nr_rcu(struct mddev *mddev, int nr); struct md_rdev *md_find_rdev_rcu(struct mddev *mddev, dev_t dev); static inline bool is_mddev_broken(struct md_rdev *rdev, const char *md_type) { int flags = rdev->bdev->bd_disk->flags; if (!(flags & GENHD_FL_UP)) { if (!test_and_set_bit(MD_BROKEN, &rdev->mddev->flags)) pr_warn("md: %s: %s array has a missing/failed member\n", mdname(rdev->mddev), md_type); return true; } return false; } static inline void rdev_dec_pending(struct md_rdev *rdev, struct mddev *mddev) { int faulty = test_bit(Faulty, &rdev->flags); if (atomic_dec_and_test(&rdev->nr_pending) && faulty) { set_bit(MD_RECOVERY_NEEDED, &mddev->recovery); md_wakeup_thread(mddev->thread); } } extern struct md_cluster_operations *md_cluster_ops; static inline int mddev_is_clustered(struct mddev *mddev) { return mddev->cluster_info && mddev->bitmap_info.nodes > 1; } /* clear unsupported mddev_flags */ static inline void mddev_clear_unsupported_flags(struct mddev *mddev, unsigned long unsupported_flags) { mddev->flags &= ~unsupported_flags; } static inline void mddev_check_writesame(struct mddev *mddev, struct bio *bio) { if (bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_WRITE_SAME && !bio->bi_disk->queue->limits.max_write_same_sectors) mddev->queue->limits.max_write_same_sectors = 0; } static inline void mddev_check_write_zeroes(struct mddev *mddev, struct bio *bio) { if (bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES && !bio->bi_disk->queue->limits.max_write_zeroes_sectors) mddev->queue->limits.max_write_zeroes_sectors = 0; } struct mdu_array_info_s; struct mdu_disk_info_s; extern int mdp_major; void md_autostart_arrays(int part); int md_set_array_info(struct mddev *mddev, struct mdu_array_info_s *info); int md_add_new_disk(struct mddev *mddev, struct mdu_disk_info_s *info); int do_md_run(struct mddev *mddev); extern const struct block_device_operations md_fops; #endif /* _MD_MD_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Statically sized hash table implementation * (C) 2012 Sasha Levin <levinsasha928@gmail.com> */ #ifndef _LINUX_HASHTABLE_H #define _LINUX_HASHTABLE_H #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/hash.h> #include <linux/rculist.h> #define DEFINE_HASHTABLE(name, bits) \ struct hlist_head name[1 << (bits)] = \ { [0 ... ((1 << (bits)) - 1)] = HLIST_HEAD_INIT } #define DEFINE_READ_MOSTLY_HASHTABLE(name, bits) \ struct hlist_head name[1 << (bits)] __read_mostly = \ { [0 ... ((1 << (bits)) - 1)] = HLIST_HEAD_INIT } #define DECLARE_HASHTABLE(name, bits) \ struct hlist_head name[1 << (bits)] #define HASH_SIZE(name) (ARRAY_SIZE(name)) #define HASH_BITS(name) ilog2(HASH_SIZE(name)) /* Use hash_32 when possible to allow for fast 32bit hashing in 64bit kernels. */ #define hash_min(val, bits) \ (sizeof(val) <= 4 ? hash_32(val, bits) : hash_long(val, bits)) static inline void __hash_init(struct hlist_head *ht, unsigned int sz) { unsigned int i; for (i = 0; i < sz; i++) INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&ht[i]); } /** * hash_init - initialize a hash table * @hashtable: hashtable to be initialized * * Calculates the size of the hashtable from the given parameter, otherwise * same as hash_init_size. * * This has to be a macro since HASH_BITS() will not work on pointers since * it calculates the size during preprocessing. */ #define hash_init(hashtable) __hash_init(hashtable, HASH_SIZE(hashtable)) /** * hash_add - add an object to a hashtable * @hashtable: hashtable to add to * @node: the &struct hlist_node of the object to be added * @key: the key of the object to be added */ #define hash_add(hashtable, node, key) \ hlist_add_head(node, &hashtable[hash_min(key, HASH_BITS(hashtable))]) /** * hash_add_rcu - add an object to a rcu enabled hashtable * @hashtable: hashtable to add to * @node: the &struct hlist_node of the object to be added * @key: the key of the object to be added */ #define hash_add_rcu(hashtable, node, key) \ hlist_add_head_rcu(node, &hashtable[hash_min(key, HASH_BITS(hashtable))]) /** * hash_hashed - check whether an object is in any hashtable * @node: the &struct hlist_node of the object to be checked */ static inline bool hash_hashed(struct hlist_node *node) { return !hlist_unhashed(node); } static inline bool __hash_empty(struct hlist_head *ht, unsigned int sz) { unsigned int i; for (i = 0; i < sz; i++) if (!hlist_empty(&ht[i])) return false; return true; } /** * hash_empty - check whether a hashtable is empty * @hashtable: hashtable to check * * This has to be a macro since HASH_BITS() will not work on pointers since * it calculates the size during preprocessing. */ #define hash_empty(hashtable) __hash_empty(hashtable, HASH_SIZE(hashtable)) /** * hash_del - remove an object from a hashtable * @node: &struct hlist_node of the object to remove */ static inline void hash_del(struct hlist_node *node) { hlist_del_init(node); } /** * hash_del_rcu - remove an object from a rcu enabled hashtable * @node: &struct hlist_node of the object to remove */ static inline void hash_del_rcu(struct hlist_node *node) { hlist_del_init_rcu(node); } /** * hash_for_each - iterate over a hashtable * @name: hashtable to iterate * @bkt: integer to use as bucket loop cursor * @obj: the type * to use as a loop cursor for each entry * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct */ #define hash_for_each(name, bkt, obj, member) \ for ((bkt) = 0, obj = NULL; obj == NULL && (bkt) < HASH_SIZE(name);\ (bkt)++)\ hlist_for_each_entry(obj, &name[bkt], member) /** * hash_for_each_rcu - iterate over a rcu enabled hashtable * @name: hashtable to iterate * @bkt: integer to use as bucket loop cursor * @obj: the type * to use as a loop cursor for each entry * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct */ #define hash_for_each_rcu(name, bkt, obj, member) \ for ((bkt) = 0, obj = NULL; obj == NULL && (bkt) < HASH_SIZE(name);\ (bkt)++)\ hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(obj, &name[bkt], member) /** * hash_for_each_safe - iterate over a hashtable safe against removal of * hash entry * @name: hashtable to iterate * @bkt: integer to use as bucket loop cursor * @tmp: a &struct hlist_node used for temporary storage * @obj: the type * to use as a loop cursor for each entry * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct */ #define hash_for_each_safe(name, bkt, tmp, obj, member) \ for ((bkt) = 0, obj = NULL; obj == NULL && (bkt) < HASH_SIZE(name);\ (bkt)++)\ hlist_for_each_entry_safe(obj, tmp, &name[bkt], member) /** * hash_for_each_possible - iterate over all possible objects hashing to the * same bucket * @name: hashtable to iterate * @obj: the type * to use as a loop cursor for each entry * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct * @key: the key of the objects to iterate over */ #define hash_for_each_possible(name, obj, member, key) \ hlist_for_each_entry(obj, &name[hash_min(key, HASH_BITS(name))], member) /** * hash_for_each_possible_rcu - iterate over all possible objects hashing to the * same bucket in an rcu enabled hashtable * @name: hashtable to iterate * @obj: the type * to use as a loop cursor for each entry * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct * @key: the key of the objects to iterate over */ #define hash_for_each_possible_rcu(name, obj, member, key, cond...) \ hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(obj, &name[hash_min(key, HASH_BITS(name))],\ member, ## cond) /** * hash_for_each_possible_rcu_notrace - iterate over all possible objects hashing * to the same bucket in an rcu enabled hashtable in a rcu enabled hashtable * @name: hashtable to iterate * @obj: the type * to use as a loop cursor for each entry * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct * @key: the key of the objects to iterate over * * This is the same as hash_for_each_possible_rcu() except that it does * not do any RCU debugging or tracing. */ #define hash_for_each_possible_rcu_notrace(name, obj, member, key) \ hlist_for_each_entry_rcu_notrace(obj, \ &name[hash_min(key, HASH_BITS(name))], member) /** * hash_for_each_possible_safe - iterate over all possible objects hashing to the * same bucket safe against removals * @name: hashtable to iterate * @obj: the type * to use as a loop cursor for each entry * @tmp: a &struct hlist_node used for temporary storage * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct * @key: the key of the objects to iterate over */ #define hash_for_each_possible_safe(name, obj, tmp, member, key) \ hlist_for_each_entry_safe(obj, tmp,\ &name[hash_min(key, HASH_BITS(name))], member) #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __SHMEM_FS_H #define __SHMEM_FS_H #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/mempolicy.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/percpu_counter.h> #include <linux/xattr.h> #include <linux/fs_parser.h> /* inode in-kernel data */ struct shmem_inode_info { spinlock_t lock; unsigned int seals; /* shmem seals */ unsigned long flags; unsigned long alloced; /* data pages alloced to file */ unsigned long swapped; /* subtotal assigned to swap */ struct list_head shrinklist; /* shrinkable hpage inodes */ struct list_head swaplist; /* chain of maybes on swap */ struct shared_policy policy; /* NUMA memory alloc policy */ struct simple_xattrs xattrs; /* list of xattrs */ atomic_t stop_eviction; /* hold when working on inode */ struct inode vfs_inode; }; struct shmem_sb_info { unsigned long max_blocks; /* How many blocks are allowed */ struct percpu_counter used_blocks; /* How many are allocated */ unsigned long max_inodes; /* How many inodes are allowed */ unsigned long free_inodes; /* How many are left for allocation */ spinlock_t stat_lock; /* Serialize shmem_sb_info changes */ umode_t mode; /* Mount mode for root directory */ unsigned char huge; /* Whether to try for hugepages */ kuid_t uid; /* Mount uid for root directory */ kgid_t gid; /* Mount gid for root directory */ bool full_inums; /* If i_ino should be uint or ino_t */ ino_t next_ino; /* The next per-sb inode number to use */ ino_t __percpu *ino_batch; /* The next per-cpu inode number to use */ struct mempolicy *mpol; /* default memory policy for mappings */ spinlock_t shrinklist_lock; /* Protects shrinklist */ struct list_head shrinklist; /* List of shinkable inodes */ unsigned long shrinklist_len; /* Length of shrinklist */ }; static inline struct shmem_inode_info *SHMEM_I(struct inode *inode) { return container_of(inode, struct shmem_inode_info, vfs_inode); } /* * Functions in mm/shmem.c called directly from elsewhere: */ extern const struct fs_parameter_spec shmem_fs_parameters[]; extern int shmem_init(void); extern int shmem_init_fs_context(struct fs_context *fc); extern struct file *shmem_file_setup(const char *name, loff_t size, unsigned long flags); extern struct file *shmem_kernel_file_setup(const char *name, loff_t size, unsigned long flags); extern struct file *shmem_file_setup_with_mnt(struct vfsmount *mnt, const char *name, loff_t size, unsigned long flags); extern int shmem_zero_setup(struct vm_area_struct *); extern unsigned long shmem_get_unmapped_area(struct file *, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long flags); extern int shmem_lock(struct file *file, int lock, struct user_struct *user); #ifdef CONFIG_SHMEM extern bool shmem_mapping(struct address_space *mapping); #else static inline bool shmem_mapping(struct address_space *mapping) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_SHMEM */ extern void shmem_unlock_mapping(struct address_space *mapping); extern struct page *shmem_read_mapping_page_gfp(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, gfp_t gfp_mask); extern void shmem_truncate_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t start, loff_t end); extern int shmem_unuse(unsigned int type, bool frontswap, unsigned long *fs_pages_to_unuse); extern bool shmem_huge_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma); extern unsigned long shmem_swap_usage(struct vm_area_struct *vma); extern unsigned long shmem_partial_swap_usage(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t end); /* Flag allocation requirements to shmem_getpage */ enum sgp_type { SGP_READ, /* don't exceed i_size, don't allocate page */ SGP_CACHE, /* don't exceed i_size, may allocate page */ SGP_NOHUGE, /* like SGP_CACHE, but no huge pages */ SGP_HUGE, /* like SGP_CACHE, huge pages preferred */ SGP_WRITE, /* may exceed i_size, may allocate !Uptodate page */ SGP_FALLOC, /* like SGP_WRITE, but make existing page Uptodate */ }; extern int shmem_getpage(struct inode *inode, pgoff_t index, struct page **pagep, enum sgp_type sgp); static inline struct page *shmem_read_mapping_page( struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index) { return shmem_read_mapping_page_gfp(mapping, index, mapping_gfp_mask(mapping)); } static inline bool shmem_file(struct file *file) { if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SHMEM)) return false; if (!file || !file->f_mapping) return false; return shmem_mapping(file->f_mapping); } extern bool shmem_charge(struct inode *inode, long pages); extern void shmem_uncharge(struct inode *inode, long pages); #ifdef CONFIG_SHMEM extern int shmem_mcopy_atomic_pte(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, pmd_t *dst_pmd, struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, unsigned long dst_addr, unsigned long src_addr, struct page **pagep); extern int shmem_mfill_zeropage_pte(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, pmd_t *dst_pmd, struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, unsigned long dst_addr); #else #define shmem_mcopy_atomic_pte(dst_mm, dst_pte, dst_vma, dst_addr, \ src_addr, pagep) ({ BUG(); 0; }) #define shmem_mfill_zeropage_pte(dst_mm, dst_pmd, dst_vma, \ dst_addr) ({ BUG(); 0; }) #endif #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 /* * linux/include/video/vga.h -- standard VGA chipset interaction * * Copyright 1999 Jeff Garzik <jgarzik@pobox.com> * * Copyright history from vga16fb.c: * Copyright 1999 Ben Pfaff and Petr Vandrovec * Based on VGA info at http://www.osdever.net/FreeVGA/home.htm * Based on VESA framebuffer (c) 1998 Gerd Knorr * * This file is subject to the terms and conditions of the GNU General * Public License. See the file COPYING in the main directory of this * archive for more details. * */ #ifndef __linux_video_vga_h__ #define __linux_video_vga_h__ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/io.h> #include <asm/vga.h> #include <asm/byteorder.h> /* Some of the code below is taken from SVGAlib. The original, unmodified copyright notice for that code is below. */ /* VGAlib version 1.2 - (c) 1993 Tommy Frandsen */ /* */ /* This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or */ /* modify it without any restrictions. This library is distributed */ /* in the hope that it will be useful, but without any warranty. */ /* Multi-chipset support Copyright 1993 Harm Hanemaayer */ /* partially copyrighted (C) 1993 by Hartmut Schirmer */ /* VGA data register ports */ #define VGA_CRT_DC 0x3D5 /* CRT Controller Data Register - color emulation */ #define VGA_CRT_DM 0x3B5 /* CRT Controller Data Register - mono emulation */ #define VGA_ATT_R 0x3C1 /* Attribute Controller Data Read Register */ #define VGA_ATT_W 0x3C0 /* Attribute Controller Data Write Register */ #define VGA_GFX_D 0x3CF /* Graphics Controller Data Register */ #define VGA_SEQ_D 0x3C5 /* Sequencer Data Register */ #define VGA_MIS_R 0x3CC /* Misc Output Read Register */ #define VGA_MIS_W 0x3C2 /* Misc Output Write Register */ #define VGA_FTC_R 0x3CA /* Feature Control Read Register */ #define VGA_IS1_RC 0x3DA /* Input Status Register 1 - color emulation */ #define VGA_IS1_RM 0x3BA /* Input Status Register 1 - mono emulation */ #define VGA_PEL_D 0x3C9 /* PEL Data Register */ #define VGA_PEL_MSK 0x3C6 /* PEL mask register */ /* EGA-specific registers */ #define EGA_GFX_E0 0x3CC /* Graphics enable processor 0 */ #define EGA_GFX_E1 0x3CA /* Graphics enable processor 1 */ /* VGA index register ports */ #define VGA_CRT_IC 0x3D4 /* CRT Controller Index - color emulation */ #define VGA_CRT_IM 0x3B4 /* CRT Controller Index - mono emulation */ #define VGA_ATT_IW 0x3C0 /* Attribute Controller Index & Data Write Register */ #define VGA_GFX_I 0x3CE /* Graphics Controller Index */ #define VGA_SEQ_I 0x3C4 /* Sequencer Index */ #define VGA_PEL_IW 0x3C8 /* PEL Write Index */ #define VGA_PEL_IR 0x3C7 /* PEL Read Index */ /* standard VGA indexes max counts */ #define VGA_CRT_C 0x19 /* Number of CRT Controller Registers */ #define VGA_ATT_C 0x15 /* Number of Attribute Controller Registers */ #define VGA_GFX_C 0x09 /* Number of Graphics Controller Registers */ #define VGA_SEQ_C 0x05 /* Number of Sequencer Registers */ #define VGA_MIS_C 0x01 /* Number of Misc Output Register */ /* VGA misc register bit masks */ #define VGA_MIS_COLOR 0x01 #define VGA_MIS_ENB_MEM_ACCESS 0x02 #define VGA_MIS_DCLK_28322_720 0x04 #define VGA_MIS_ENB_PLL_LOAD (0x04 | 0x08) #define VGA_MIS_SEL_HIGH_PAGE 0x20 /* VGA CRT controller register indices */ #define VGA_CRTC_H_TOTAL 0 #define VGA_CRTC_H_DISP 1 #define VGA_CRTC_H_BLANK_START 2 #define VGA_CRTC_H_BLANK_END 3 #define VGA_CRTC_H_SYNC_START 4 #define VGA_CRTC_H_SYNC_END 5 #define VGA_CRTC_V_TOTAL 6 #define VGA_CRTC_OVERFLOW 7 #define VGA_CRTC_PRESET_ROW 8 #define VGA_CRTC_MAX_SCAN 9 #define VGA_CRTC_CURSOR_START 0x0A #define VGA_CRTC_CURSOR_END 0x0B #define VGA_CRTC_START_HI 0x0C #define VGA_CRTC_START_LO 0x0D #define VGA_CRTC_CURSOR_HI 0x0E #define VGA_CRTC_CURSOR_LO 0x0F #define VGA_CRTC_V_SYNC_START 0x10 #define VGA_CRTC_V_SYNC_END 0x11 #define VGA_CRTC_V_DISP_END 0x12 #define VGA_CRTC_OFFSET 0x13 #define VGA_CRTC_UNDERLINE 0x14 #define VGA_CRTC_V_BLANK_START 0x15 #define VGA_CRTC_V_BLANK_END 0x16 #define VGA_CRTC_MODE 0x17 #define VGA_CRTC_LINE_COMPARE 0x18 #define VGA_CRTC_REGS VGA_CRT_C /* VGA CRT controller bit masks */ #define VGA_CR11_LOCK_CR0_CR7 0x80 /* lock writes to CR0 - CR7 */ #define VGA_CR17_H_V_SIGNALS_ENABLED 0x80 /* VGA attribute controller register indices */ #define VGA_ATC_PALETTE0 0x00 #define VGA_ATC_PALETTE1 0x01 #define VGA_ATC_PALETTE2 0x02 #define VGA_ATC_PALETTE3 0x03 #define VGA_ATC_PALETTE4 0x04 #define VGA_ATC_PALETTE5 0x05 #define VGA_ATC_PALETTE6 0x06 #define VGA_ATC_PALETTE7 0x07 #define VGA_ATC_PALETTE8 0x08 #define VGA_ATC_PALETTE9 0x09 #define VGA_ATC_PALETTEA 0x0A #define VGA_ATC_PALETTEB 0x0B #define VGA_ATC_PALETTEC 0x0C #define VGA_ATC_PALETTED 0x0D #define VGA_ATC_PALETTEE 0x0E #define VGA_ATC_PALETTEF 0x0F #define VGA_ATC_MODE 0x10 #define VGA_ATC_OVERSCAN 0x11 #define VGA_ATC_PLANE_ENABLE 0x12 #define VGA_ATC_PEL 0x13 #define VGA_ATC_COLOR_PAGE 0x14 #define VGA_AR_ENABLE_DISPLAY 0x20 /* VGA sequencer register indices */ #define VGA_SEQ_RESET 0x00 #define VGA_SEQ_CLOCK_MODE 0x01 #define VGA_SEQ_PLANE_WRITE 0x02 #define VGA_SEQ_CHARACTER_MAP 0x03 #define VGA_SEQ_MEMORY_MODE 0x04 /* VGA sequencer register bit masks */ #define VGA_SR01_CHAR_CLK_8DOTS 0x01 /* bit 0: character clocks 8 dots wide are generated */ #define VGA_SR01_SCREEN_OFF 0x20 /* bit 5: Screen is off */ #define VGA_SR02_ALL_PLANES 0x0F /* bits 3-0: enable access to all planes */ #define VGA_SR04_EXT_MEM 0x02 /* bit 1: allows complete mem access to 256K */ #define VGA_SR04_SEQ_MODE 0x04 /* bit 2: directs system to use a sequential addressing mode */ #define VGA_SR04_CHN_4M 0x08 /* bit 3: selects modulo 4 addressing for CPU access to display memory */ /* VGA graphics controller register indices */ #define VGA_GFX_SR_VALUE 0x00 #define VGA_GFX_SR_ENABLE 0x01 #define VGA_GFX_COMPARE_VALUE 0x02 #define VGA_GFX_DATA_ROTATE 0x03 #define VGA_GFX_PLANE_READ 0x04 #define VGA_GFX_MODE 0x05 #define VGA_GFX_MISC 0x06 #define VGA_GFX_COMPARE_MASK 0x07 #define VGA_GFX_BIT_MASK 0x08 /* VGA graphics controller bit masks */ #define VGA_GR06_GRAPHICS_MODE 0x01 /* macro for composing an 8-bit VGA register index and value * into a single 16-bit quantity */ #define VGA_OUT16VAL(v, r) (((v) << 8) | (r)) /* decide whether we should enable the faster 16-bit VGA register writes */ #ifdef __LITTLE_ENDIAN #define VGA_OUTW_WRITE #endif /* VGA State Save and Restore */ #define VGA_SAVE_FONT0 1 /* save/restore plane 2 fonts */ #define VGA_SAVE_FONT1 2 /* save/restore plane 3 fonts */ #define VGA_SAVE_TEXT 4 /* save/restore plane 0/1 fonts */ #define VGA_SAVE_FONTS 7 /* save/restore all fonts */ #define VGA_SAVE_MODE 8 /* save/restore video mode */ #define VGA_SAVE_CMAP 16 /* save/restore color map/DAC */ struct vgastate { void __iomem *vgabase; /* mmio base, if supported */ unsigned long membase; /* VGA window base, 0 for default - 0xA000 */ __u32 memsize; /* VGA window size, 0 for default 64K */ __u32 flags; /* what state[s] to save (see VGA_SAVE_*) */ __u32 depth; /* current fb depth, not important */ __u32 num_attr; /* number of att registers, 0 for default */ __u32 num_crtc; /* number of crt registers, 0 for default */ __u32 num_gfx; /* number of gfx registers, 0 for default */ __u32 num_seq; /* number of seq registers, 0 for default */ void *vidstate; }; extern int save_vga(struct vgastate *state); extern int restore_vga(struct vgastate *state); /* * generic VGA port read/write */ static inline unsigned char vga_io_r (unsigned short port) { return inb_p(port); } static inline void vga_io_w (unsigned short port, unsigned char val) { outb_p(val, port); } static inline void vga_io_w_fast (unsigned short port, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { outw(VGA_OUT16VAL (val, reg), port); } static inline unsigned char vga_mm_r (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned short port) { return readb (regbase + port); } static inline void vga_mm_w (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned short port, unsigned char val) { writeb (val, regbase + port); } static inline void vga_mm_w_fast (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned short port, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { writew (VGA_OUT16VAL (val, reg), regbase + port); } static inline unsigned char vga_r (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned short port) { if (regbase) return vga_mm_r (regbase, port); else return vga_io_r (port); } static inline void vga_w (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned short port, unsigned char val) { if (regbase) vga_mm_w (regbase, port, val); else vga_io_w (port, val); } static inline void vga_w_fast (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned short port, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { if (regbase) vga_mm_w_fast (regbase, port, reg, val); else vga_io_w_fast (port, reg, val); } /* * VGA CRTC register read/write */ static inline unsigned char vga_rcrt (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg) { vga_w (regbase, VGA_CRT_IC, reg); return vga_r (regbase, VGA_CRT_DC); } static inline void vga_wcrt (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { #ifdef VGA_OUTW_WRITE vga_w_fast (regbase, VGA_CRT_IC, reg, val); #else vga_w (regbase, VGA_CRT_IC, reg); vga_w (regbase, VGA_CRT_DC, val); #endif /* VGA_OUTW_WRITE */ } static inline unsigned char vga_io_rcrt (unsigned char reg) { vga_io_w (VGA_CRT_IC, reg); return vga_io_r (VGA_CRT_DC); } static inline void vga_io_wcrt (unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { #ifdef VGA_OUTW_WRITE vga_io_w_fast (VGA_CRT_IC, reg, val); #else vga_io_w (VGA_CRT_IC, reg); vga_io_w (VGA_CRT_DC, val); #endif /* VGA_OUTW_WRITE */ } static inline unsigned char vga_mm_rcrt (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg) { vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_CRT_IC, reg); return vga_mm_r (regbase, VGA_CRT_DC); } static inline void vga_mm_wcrt (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { #ifdef VGA_OUTW_WRITE vga_mm_w_fast (regbase, VGA_CRT_IC, reg, val); #else vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_CRT_IC, reg); vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_CRT_DC, val); #endif /* VGA_OUTW_WRITE */ } /* * VGA sequencer register read/write */ static inline unsigned char vga_rseq (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg) { vga_w (regbase, VGA_SEQ_I, reg); return vga_r (regbase, VGA_SEQ_D); } static inline void vga_wseq (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { #ifdef VGA_OUTW_WRITE vga_w_fast (regbase, VGA_SEQ_I, reg, val); #else vga_w (regbase, VGA_SEQ_I, reg); vga_w (regbase, VGA_SEQ_D, val); #endif /* VGA_OUTW_WRITE */ } static inline unsigned char vga_io_rseq (unsigned char reg) { vga_io_w (VGA_SEQ_I, reg); return vga_io_r (VGA_SEQ_D); } static inline void vga_io_wseq (unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { #ifdef VGA_OUTW_WRITE vga_io_w_fast (VGA_SEQ_I, reg, val); #else vga_io_w (VGA_SEQ_I, reg); vga_io_w (VGA_SEQ_D, val); #endif /* VGA_OUTW_WRITE */ } static inline unsigned char vga_mm_rseq (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg) { vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_SEQ_I, reg); return vga_mm_r (regbase, VGA_SEQ_D); } static inline void vga_mm_wseq (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { #ifdef VGA_OUTW_WRITE vga_mm_w_fast (regbase, VGA_SEQ_I, reg, val); #else vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_SEQ_I, reg); vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_SEQ_D, val); #endif /* VGA_OUTW_WRITE */ } /* * VGA graphics controller register read/write */ static inline unsigned char vga_rgfx (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg) { vga_w (regbase, VGA_GFX_I, reg); return vga_r (regbase, VGA_GFX_D); } static inline void vga_wgfx (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { #ifdef VGA_OUTW_WRITE vga_w_fast (regbase, VGA_GFX_I, reg, val); #else vga_w (regbase, VGA_GFX_I, reg); vga_w (regbase, VGA_GFX_D, val); #endif /* VGA_OUTW_WRITE */ } static inline unsigned char vga_io_rgfx (unsigned char reg) { vga_io_w (VGA_GFX_I, reg); return vga_io_r (VGA_GFX_D); } static inline void vga_io_wgfx (unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { #ifdef VGA_OUTW_WRITE vga_io_w_fast (VGA_GFX_I, reg, val); #else vga_io_w (VGA_GFX_I, reg); vga_io_w (VGA_GFX_D, val); #endif /* VGA_OUTW_WRITE */ } static inline unsigned char vga_mm_rgfx (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg) { vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_GFX_I, reg); return vga_mm_r (regbase, VGA_GFX_D); } static inline void vga_mm_wgfx (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { #ifdef VGA_OUTW_WRITE vga_mm_w_fast (regbase, VGA_GFX_I, reg, val); #else vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_GFX_I, reg); vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_GFX_D, val); #endif /* VGA_OUTW_WRITE */ } /* * VGA attribute controller register read/write */ static inline unsigned char vga_rattr (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg) { vga_w (regbase, VGA_ATT_IW, reg); return vga_r (regbase, VGA_ATT_R); } static inline void vga_wattr (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { vga_w (regbase, VGA_ATT_IW, reg); vga_w (regbase, VGA_ATT_W, val); } static inline unsigned char vga_io_rattr (unsigned char reg) { vga_io_w (VGA_ATT_IW, reg); return vga_io_r (VGA_ATT_R); } static inline void vga_io_wattr (unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { vga_io_w (VGA_ATT_IW, reg); vga_io_w (VGA_ATT_W, val); } static inline unsigned char vga_mm_rattr (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg) { vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_ATT_IW, reg); return vga_mm_r (regbase, VGA_ATT_R); } static inline void vga_mm_wattr (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_ATT_IW, reg); vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_ATT_W, val); } #endif /* __linux_video_vga_h__ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * ALSA sequencer Memory Manager * Copyright (c) 1998 by Frank van de Pol <fvdpol@coil.demon.nl> */ #ifndef __SND_SEQ_MEMORYMGR_H #define __SND_SEQ_MEMORYMGR_H #include <sound/seq_kernel.h> #include <linux/poll.h> struct snd_info_buffer; /* container for sequencer event (internal use) */ struct snd_seq_event_cell { struct snd_seq_event event; struct snd_seq_pool *pool; /* used pool */ struct snd_seq_event_cell *next; /* next cell */ }; /* design note: the pool is a contiguous block of memory, if we dynamicly want to add additional cells to the pool be better store this in another pool as we need to know the base address of the pool when releasing memory. */ struct snd_seq_pool { struct snd_seq_event_cell *ptr; /* pointer to first event chunk */ struct snd_seq_event_cell *free; /* pointer to the head of the free list */ int total_elements; /* pool size actually allocated */ atomic_t counter; /* cells free */ int size; /* pool size to be allocated */ int room; /* watermark for sleep/wakeup */ int closing; /* statistics */ int max_used; int event_alloc_nopool; int event_alloc_failures; int event_alloc_success; /* Write locking */ wait_queue_head_t output_sleep; /* Pool lock */ spinlock_t lock; }; void snd_seq_cell_free(struct snd_seq_event_cell *cell); int snd_seq_event_dup(struct snd_seq_pool *pool, struct snd_seq_event *event, struct snd_seq_event_cell **cellp, int nonblock, struct file *file, struct mutex *mutexp); /* return number of unused (free) cells */ static inline int snd_seq_unused_cells(struct snd_seq_pool *pool) { return pool ? pool->total_elements - atomic_read(&pool->counter) : 0; } /* return total number of allocated cells */ static inline int snd_seq_total_cells(struct snd_seq_pool *pool) { return pool ? pool->total_elements : 0; } /* init pool - allocate events */ int snd_seq_pool_init(struct snd_seq_pool *pool); /* done pool - free events */ void snd_seq_pool_mark_closing(struct snd_seq_pool *pool); int snd_seq_pool_done(struct snd_seq_pool *pool); /* create pool */ struct snd_seq_pool *snd_seq_pool_new(int poolsize); /* remove pool */ int snd_seq_pool_delete(struct snd_seq_pool **pool); /* polling */ int snd_seq_pool_poll_wait(struct snd_seq_pool *pool, struct file *file, poll_table *wait); void snd_seq_info_pool(struct snd_info_buffer *buffer, struct snd_seq_pool *pool, char *space); #endif
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When * requesting an interrupt without specifying a IRQF_TRIGGER, the * setting should be assumed to be "as already configured", which * may be as per machine or firmware initialisation. */ #define IRQF_TRIGGER_NONE 0x00000000 #define IRQF_TRIGGER_RISING 0x00000001 #define IRQF_TRIGGER_FALLING 0x00000002 #define IRQF_TRIGGER_HIGH 0x00000004 #define IRQF_TRIGGER_LOW 0x00000008 #define IRQF_TRIGGER_MASK (IRQF_TRIGGER_HIGH | IRQF_TRIGGER_LOW | \ IRQF_TRIGGER_RISING | IRQF_TRIGGER_FALLING) #define IRQF_TRIGGER_PROBE 0x00000010 /* * These flags used only by the kernel as part of the * irq handling routines. * * IRQF_SHARED - allow sharing the irq among several devices * IRQF_PROBE_SHARED - set by callers when they expect sharing mismatches to occur * IRQF_TIMER - Flag to mark this interrupt as timer interrupt * IRQF_PERCPU - Interrupt is per cpu * IRQF_NOBALANCING - Flag to exclude this interrupt from irq balancing * IRQF_IRQPOLL - Interrupt is used for polling (only the interrupt that is * registered first in a shared interrupt is considered for * performance reasons) * IRQF_ONESHOT - Interrupt is not reenabled after the hardirq handler finished. * Used by threaded interrupts which need to keep the * irq line disabled until the threaded handler has been run. * IRQF_NO_SUSPEND - Do not disable this IRQ during suspend. Does not guarantee * that this interrupt will wake the system from a suspended * state. See Documentation/power/suspend-and-interrupts.rst * IRQF_FORCE_RESUME - Force enable it on resume even if IRQF_NO_SUSPEND is set * IRQF_NO_THREAD - Interrupt cannot be threaded * IRQF_EARLY_RESUME - Resume IRQ early during syscore instead of at device * resume time. * IRQF_COND_SUSPEND - If the IRQ is shared with a NO_SUSPEND user, execute this * interrupt handler after suspending interrupts. For system * wakeup devices users need to implement wakeup detection in * their interrupt handlers. */ #define IRQF_SHARED 0x00000080 #define IRQF_PROBE_SHARED 0x00000100 #define __IRQF_TIMER 0x00000200 #define IRQF_PERCPU 0x00000400 #define IRQF_NOBALANCING 0x00000800 #define IRQF_IRQPOLL 0x00001000 #define IRQF_ONESHOT 0x00002000 #define IRQF_NO_SUSPEND 0x00004000 #define IRQF_FORCE_RESUME 0x00008000 #define IRQF_NO_THREAD 0x00010000 #define IRQF_EARLY_RESUME 0x00020000 #define IRQF_COND_SUSPEND 0x00040000 #define IRQF_TIMER (__IRQF_TIMER | IRQF_NO_SUSPEND | IRQF_NO_THREAD) /* * These values can be returned by request_any_context_irq() and * describe the context the interrupt will be run in. * * IRQC_IS_HARDIRQ - interrupt runs in hardirq context * IRQC_IS_NESTED - interrupt runs in a nested threaded context */ enum { IRQC_IS_HARDIRQ = 0, IRQC_IS_NESTED, }; typedef irqreturn_t (*irq_handler_t)(int, void *); /** * struct irqaction - per interrupt action descriptor * @handler: interrupt handler function * @name: name of the device * @dev_id: cookie to identify the device * @percpu_dev_id: cookie to identify the device * @next: pointer to the next irqaction for shared interrupts * @irq: interrupt number * @flags: flags (see IRQF_* above) * @thread_fn: interrupt handler function for threaded interrupts * @thread: thread pointer for threaded interrupts * @secondary: pointer to secondary irqaction (force threading) * @thread_flags: flags related to @thread * @thread_mask: bitmask for keeping track of @thread activity * @dir: pointer to the proc/irq/NN/name entry */ struct irqaction { irq_handler_t handler; void *dev_id; void __percpu *percpu_dev_id; struct irqaction *next; irq_handler_t thread_fn; struct task_struct *thread; struct irqaction *secondary; unsigned int irq; unsigned int flags; unsigned long thread_flags; unsigned long thread_mask; const char *name; struct proc_dir_entry *dir; } ____cacheline_internodealigned_in_smp; extern irqreturn_t no_action(int cpl, void *dev_id); /* * If a (PCI) device interrupt is not connected we set dev->irq to * IRQ_NOTCONNECTED. This causes request_irq() to fail with -ENOTCONN, so we * can distingiush that case from other error returns. * * 0x80000000 is guaranteed to be outside the available range of interrupts * and easy to distinguish from other possible incorrect values. */ #define IRQ_NOTCONNECTED (1U << 31) extern int __must_check request_threaded_irq(unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler, irq_handler_t thread_fn, unsigned long flags, const char *name, void *dev); /** * request_irq - Add a handler for an interrupt line * @irq: The interrupt line to allocate * @handler: Function to be called when the IRQ occurs. * Primary handler for threaded interrupts * If NULL, the default primary handler is installed * @flags: Handling flags * @name: Name of the device generating this interrupt * @dev: A cookie passed to the handler function * * This call allocates an interrupt and establishes a handler; see * the documentation for request_threaded_irq() for details. */ static inline int __must_check request_irq(unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler, unsigned long flags, const char *name, void *dev) { return request_threaded_irq(irq, handler, NULL, flags, name, dev); } extern int __must_check request_any_context_irq(unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler, unsigned long flags, const char *name, void *dev_id); extern int __must_check __request_percpu_irq(unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler, unsigned long flags, const char *devname, void __percpu *percpu_dev_id); extern int __must_check request_nmi(unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler, unsigned long flags, const char *name, void *dev); static inline int __must_check request_percpu_irq(unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler, const char *devname, void __percpu *percpu_dev_id) { return __request_percpu_irq(irq, handler, 0, devname, percpu_dev_id); } extern int __must_check request_percpu_nmi(unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler, const char *devname, void __percpu *dev); extern const void *free_irq(unsigned int, void *); extern void free_percpu_irq(unsigned int, void __percpu *); extern const void *free_nmi(unsigned int irq, void *dev_id); extern void free_percpu_nmi(unsigned int irq, void __percpu *percpu_dev_id); struct device; extern int __must_check devm_request_threaded_irq(struct device *dev, unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler, irq_handler_t thread_fn, unsigned long irqflags, const char *devname, void *dev_id); static inline int __must_check devm_request_irq(struct device *dev, unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler, unsigned long irqflags, const char *devname, void *dev_id) { return devm_request_threaded_irq(dev, irq, handler, NULL, irqflags, devname, dev_id); } extern int __must_check devm_request_any_context_irq(struct device *dev, unsigned int irq, irq_handler_t handler, unsigned long irqflags, const char *devname, void *dev_id); extern void devm_free_irq(struct device *dev, unsigned int irq, void *dev_id); /* * On lockdep we dont want to enable hardirqs in hardirq * context. Use local_irq_enable_in_hardirq() to annotate * kernel code that has to do this nevertheless (pretty much * the only valid case is for old/broken hardware that is * insanely slow). * * NOTE: in theory this might break fragile code that relies * on hardirq delivery - in practice we dont seem to have such * places left. So the only effect should be slightly increased * irqs-off latencies. */ #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP # define local_irq_enable_in_hardirq() do { } while (0) #else # define local_irq_enable_in_hardirq() local_irq_enable() #endif extern void disable_irq_nosync(unsigned int irq); extern bool disable_hardirq(unsigned int irq); extern void disable_irq(unsigned int irq); extern void disable_percpu_irq(unsigned int irq); extern void enable_irq(unsigned int irq); extern void enable_percpu_irq(unsigned int irq, unsigned int type); extern bool irq_percpu_is_enabled(unsigned int irq); extern void irq_wake_thread(unsigned int irq, void *dev_id); extern void disable_nmi_nosync(unsigned int irq); extern void disable_percpu_nmi(unsigned int irq); extern void enable_nmi(unsigned int irq); extern void enable_percpu_nmi(unsigned int irq, unsigned int type); extern int prepare_percpu_nmi(unsigned int irq); extern void teardown_percpu_nmi(unsigned int irq); extern int irq_inject_interrupt(unsigned int irq); /* The following three functions are for the core kernel use only. */ extern void suspend_device_irqs(void); extern void resume_device_irqs(void); extern void rearm_wake_irq(unsigned int irq); /** * struct irq_affinity_notify - context for notification of IRQ affinity changes * @irq: Interrupt to which notification applies * @kref: Reference count, for internal use * @work: Work item, for internal use * @notify: Function to be called on change. This will be * called in process context. * @release: Function to be called on release. This will be * called in process context. Once registered, the * structure must only be freed when this function is * called or later. */ struct irq_affinity_notify { unsigned int irq; struct kref kref; struct work_struct work; void (*notify)(struct irq_affinity_notify *, const cpumask_t *mask); void (*release)(struct kref *ref); }; #define IRQ_AFFINITY_MAX_SETS 4 /** * struct irq_affinity - Description for automatic irq affinity assignements * @pre_vectors: Don't apply affinity to @pre_vectors at beginning of * the MSI(-X) vector space * @post_vectors: Don't apply affinity to @post_vectors at end of * the MSI(-X) vector space * @nr_sets: The number of interrupt sets for which affinity * spreading is required * @set_size: Array holding the size of each interrupt set * @calc_sets: Callback for calculating the number and size * of interrupt sets * @priv: Private data for usage by @calc_sets, usually a * pointer to driver/device specific data. */ struct irq_affinity { unsigned int pre_vectors; unsigned int post_vectors; unsigned int nr_sets; unsigned int set_size[IRQ_AFFINITY_MAX_SETS]; void (*calc_sets)(struct irq_affinity *, unsigned int nvecs); void *priv; }; /** * struct irq_affinity_desc - Interrupt affinity descriptor * @mask: cpumask to hold the affinity assignment * @is_managed: 1 if the interrupt is managed internally */ struct irq_affinity_desc { struct cpumask mask; unsigned int is_managed : 1; }; #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) extern cpumask_var_t irq_default_affinity; /* Internal implementation. Use the helpers below */ extern int __irq_set_affinity(unsigned int irq, const struct cpumask *cpumask, bool force); /** * irq_set_affinity - Set the irq affinity of a given irq * @irq: Interrupt to set affinity * @cpumask: cpumask * * Fails if cpumask does not contain an online CPU */ static inline int irq_set_affinity(unsigned int irq, const struct cpumask *cpumask) { return __irq_set_affinity(irq, cpumask, false); } /** * irq_force_affinity - Force the irq affinity of a given irq * @irq: Interrupt to set affinity * @cpumask: cpumask * * Same as irq_set_affinity, but without checking the mask against * online cpus. * * Solely for low level cpu hotplug code, where we need to make per * cpu interrupts affine before the cpu becomes online. */ static inline int irq_force_affinity(unsigned int irq, const struct cpumask *cpumask) { return __irq_set_affinity(irq, cpumask, true); } extern int irq_can_set_affinity(unsigned int irq); extern int irq_select_affinity(unsigned int irq); extern int irq_set_affinity_hint(unsigned int irq, const struct cpumask *m); extern int irq_set_affinity_notifier(unsigned int irq, struct irq_affinity_notify *notify); struct irq_affinity_desc * irq_create_affinity_masks(unsigned int nvec, struct irq_affinity *affd); unsigned int irq_calc_affinity_vectors(unsigned int minvec, unsigned int maxvec, const struct irq_affinity *affd); #else /* CONFIG_SMP */ static inline int irq_set_affinity(unsigned int irq, const struct cpumask *m) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int irq_force_affinity(unsigned int irq, const struct cpumask *cpumask) { return 0; } static inline int irq_can_set_affinity(unsigned int irq) { return 0; } static inline int irq_select_affinity(unsigned int irq) { return 0; } static inline int irq_set_affinity_hint(unsigned int irq, const struct cpumask *m) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int irq_set_affinity_notifier(unsigned int irq, struct irq_affinity_notify *notify) { return 0; } static inline struct irq_affinity_desc * irq_create_affinity_masks(unsigned int nvec, struct irq_affinity *affd) { return NULL; } static inline unsigned int irq_calc_affinity_vectors(unsigned int minvec, unsigned int maxvec, const struct irq_affinity *affd) { return maxvec; } #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ /* * Special lockdep variants of irq disabling/enabling. * These should be used for locking constructs that * know that a particular irq context which is disabled, * and which is the only irq-context user of a lock, * that it's safe to take the lock in the irq-disabled * section without disabling hardirqs. * * On !CONFIG_LOCKDEP they are equivalent to the normal * irq disable/enable methods. */ static inline void disable_irq_nosync_lockdep(unsigned int irq) { disable_irq_nosync(irq); #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP local_irq_disable(); #endif } static inline void disable_irq_nosync_lockdep_irqsave(unsigned int irq, unsigned long *flags) { disable_irq_nosync(irq); #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP local_irq_save(*flags); #endif } static inline void disable_irq_lockdep(unsigned int irq) { disable_irq(irq); #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP local_irq_disable(); #endif } static inline void enable_irq_lockdep(unsigned int irq) { #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP local_irq_enable(); #endif enable_irq(irq); } static inline void enable_irq_lockdep_irqrestore(unsigned int irq, unsigned long *flags) { #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP local_irq_restore(*flags); #endif enable_irq(irq); } /* IRQ wakeup (PM) control: */ extern int irq_set_irq_wake(unsigned int irq, unsigned int on); static inline int enable_irq_wake(unsigned int irq) { return irq_set_irq_wake(irq, 1); } static inline int disable_irq_wake(unsigned int irq) { return irq_set_irq_wake(irq, 0); } /* * irq_get_irqchip_state/irq_set_irqchip_state specific flags */ enum irqchip_irq_state { IRQCHIP_STATE_PENDING, /* Is interrupt pending? */ IRQCHIP_STATE_ACTIVE, /* Is interrupt in progress? */ IRQCHIP_STATE_MASKED, /* Is interrupt masked? */ IRQCHIP_STATE_LINE_LEVEL, /* Is IRQ line high? */ }; extern int irq_get_irqchip_state(unsigned int irq, enum irqchip_irq_state which, bool *state); extern int irq_set_irqchip_state(unsigned int irq, enum irqchip_irq_state which, bool state); #ifdef CONFIG_IRQ_FORCED_THREADING # ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT # define force_irqthreads (true) # else extern bool force_irqthreads; # endif #else #define force_irqthreads (0) #endif #ifndef local_softirq_pending #ifndef local_softirq_pending_ref #define local_softirq_pending_ref irq_stat.__softirq_pending #endif #define local_softirq_pending() (__this_cpu_read(local_softirq_pending_ref)) #define set_softirq_pending(x) (__this_cpu_write(local_softirq_pending_ref, (x))) #define or_softirq_pending(x) (__this_cpu_or(local_softirq_pending_ref, (x))) #endif /* local_softirq_pending */ /* Some architectures might implement lazy enabling/disabling of * interrupts. In some cases, such as stop_machine, we might want * to ensure that after a local_irq_disable(), interrupts have * really been disabled in hardware. Such architectures need to * implement the following hook. */ #ifndef hard_irq_disable #define hard_irq_disable() do { } while(0) #endif /* PLEASE, avoid to allocate new softirqs, if you need not _really_ high frequency threaded job scheduling. For almost all the purposes tasklets are more than enough. F.e. all serial device BHs et al. should be converted to tasklets, not to softirqs. */ enum { HI_SOFTIRQ=0, TIMER_SOFTIRQ, NET_TX_SOFTIRQ, NET_RX_SOFTIRQ, BLOCK_SOFTIRQ, IRQ_POLL_SOFTIRQ, TASKLET_SOFTIRQ, SCHED_SOFTIRQ, HRTIMER_SOFTIRQ, RCU_SOFTIRQ, /* Preferable RCU should always be the last softirq */ NR_SOFTIRQS }; #define SOFTIRQ_STOP_IDLE_MASK (~(1 << RCU_SOFTIRQ)) /* map softirq index to softirq name. update 'softirq_to_name' in * kernel/softirq.c when adding a new softirq. */ extern const char * const softirq_to_name[NR_SOFTIRQS]; /* softirq mask and active fields moved to irq_cpustat_t in * asm/hardirq.h to get better cache usage. KAO */ struct softirq_action { void (*action)(struct softirq_action *); }; asmlinkage void do_softirq(void); asmlinkage void __do_softirq(void); #ifdef __ARCH_HAS_DO_SOFTIRQ void do_softirq_own_stack(void); #else static inline void do_softirq_own_stack(void) { __do_softirq(); } #endif extern void open_softirq(int nr, void (*action)(struct softirq_action *)); extern void softirq_init(void); extern void __raise_softirq_irqoff(unsigned int nr); extern void raise_softirq_irqoff(unsigned int nr); extern void raise_softirq(unsigned int nr); DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct task_struct *, ksoftirqd); static inline struct task_struct *this_cpu_ksoftirqd(void) { return this_cpu_read(ksoftirqd); } /* Tasklets --- multithreaded analogue of BHs. This API is deprecated. Please consider using threaded IRQs instead: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20200716081538.2sivhkj4hcyrusem@linutronix.de Main feature differing them of generic softirqs: tasklet is running only on one CPU simultaneously. Main feature differing them of BHs: different tasklets may be run simultaneously on different CPUs. Properties: * If tasklet_schedule() is called, then tasklet is guaranteed to be executed on some cpu at least once after this. * If the tasklet is already scheduled, but its execution is still not started, it will be executed only once. * If this tasklet is already running on another CPU (or schedule is called from tasklet itself), it is rescheduled for later. * Tasklet is strictly serialized wrt itself, but not wrt another tasklets. If client needs some intertask synchronization, he makes it with spinlocks. */ struct tasklet_struct { struct tasklet_struct *next; unsigned long state; atomic_t count; bool use_callback; union { void (*func)(unsigned long data); void (*callback)(struct tasklet_struct *t); }; unsigned long data; }; #define DECLARE_TASKLET(name, _callback) \ struct tasklet_struct name = { \ .count = ATOMIC_INIT(0), \ .callback = _callback, \ .use_callback = true, \ } #define DECLARE_TASKLET_DISABLED(name, _callback) \ struct tasklet_struct name = { \ .count = ATOMIC_INIT(1), \ .callback = _callback, \ .use_callback = true, \ } #define from_tasklet(var, callback_tasklet, tasklet_fieldname) \ container_of(callback_tasklet, typeof(*var), tasklet_fieldname) #define DECLARE_TASKLET_OLD(name, _func) \ struct tasklet_struct name = { \ .count = ATOMIC_INIT(0), \ .func = _func, \ } #define DECLARE_TASKLET_DISABLED_OLD(name, _func) \ struct tasklet_struct name = { \ .count = ATOMIC_INIT(1), \ .func = _func, \ } enum { TASKLET_STATE_SCHED, /* Tasklet is scheduled for execution */ TASKLET_STATE_RUN /* Tasklet is running (SMP only) */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP static inline int tasklet_trylock(struct tasklet_struct *t) { return !test_and_set_bit(TASKLET_STATE_RUN, &(t)->state); } static inline void tasklet_unlock(struct tasklet_struct *t) { smp_mb__before_atomic(); clear_bit(TASKLET_STATE_RUN, &(t)->state); } static inline void tasklet_unlock_wait(struct tasklet_struct *t) { while (test_bit(TASKLET_STATE_RUN, &(t)->state)) { barrier(); } } #else #define tasklet_trylock(t) 1 #define tasklet_unlock_wait(t) do { } while (0) #define tasklet_unlock(t) do { } while (0) #endif extern void __tasklet_schedule(struct tasklet_struct *t); static inline void tasklet_schedule(struct tasklet_struct *t) { if (!test_and_set_bit(TASKLET_STATE_SCHED, &t->state)) __tasklet_schedule(t); } extern void __tasklet_hi_schedule(struct tasklet_struct *t); static inline void tasklet_hi_schedule(struct tasklet_struct *t) { if (!test_and_set_bit(TASKLET_STATE_SCHED, &t->state)) __tasklet_hi_schedule(t); } static inline void tasklet_disable_nosync(struct tasklet_struct *t) { atomic_inc(&t->count); smp_mb__after_atomic(); } static inline void tasklet_disable(struct tasklet_struct *t) { tasklet_disable_nosync(t); tasklet_unlock_wait(t); smp_mb(); } static inline void tasklet_enable(struct tasklet_struct *t) { smp_mb__before_atomic(); atomic_dec(&t->count); } extern void tasklet_kill(struct tasklet_struct *t); extern void tasklet_kill_immediate(struct tasklet_struct *t, unsigned int cpu); extern void tasklet_init(struct tasklet_struct *t, void (*func)(unsigned long), unsigned long data); extern void tasklet_setup(struct tasklet_struct *t, void (*callback)(struct tasklet_struct *)); /* * Autoprobing for irqs: * * probe_irq_on() and probe_irq_off() provide robust primitives * for accurate IRQ probing during kernel initialization. They are * reasonably simple to use, are not "fooled" by spurious interrupts, * and, unlike other attempts at IRQ probing, they do not get hung on * stuck interrupts (such as unused PS2 mouse interfaces on ASUS boards). * * For reasonably foolproof probing, use them as follows: * * 1. clear and/or mask the device's internal interrupt. * 2. sti(); * 3. irqs = probe_irq_on(); // "take over" all unassigned idle IRQs * 4. enable the device and cause it to trigger an interrupt. * 5. wait for the device to interrupt, using non-intrusive polling or a delay. * 6. irq = probe_irq_off(irqs); // get IRQ number, 0=none, negative=multiple * 7. service the device to clear its pending interrupt. * 8. loop again if paranoia is required. * * probe_irq_on() returns a mask of allocated irq's. * * probe_irq_off() takes the mask as a parameter, * and returns the irq number which occurred, * or zero if none occurred, or a negative irq number * if more than one irq occurred. */ #if !defined(CONFIG_GENERIC_IRQ_PROBE) static inline unsigned long probe_irq_on(void) { return 0; } static inline int probe_irq_off(unsigned long val) { return 0; } static inline unsigned int probe_irq_mask(unsigned long val) { return 0; } #else extern unsigned long probe_irq_on(void); /* returns 0 on failure */ extern int probe_irq_off(unsigned long); /* returns 0 or negative on failure */ extern unsigned int probe_irq_mask(unsigned long); /* returns mask of ISA interrupts */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS /* Initialize /proc/irq/ */ extern void init_irq_proc(void); #else static inline void init_irq_proc(void) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_IRQ_TIMINGS void irq_timings_enable(void); void irq_timings_disable(void); u64 irq_timings_next_event(u64 now); #endif struct seq_file; int show_interrupts(struct seq_file *p, void *v); int arch_show_interrupts(struct seq_file *p, int prec); extern int early_irq_init(void); extern int arch_probe_nr_irqs(void); extern int arch_early_irq_init(void); /* * We want to know which function is an entrypoint of a hardirq or a softirq. */ #ifndef __irq_entry # define __irq_entry __section(".irqentry.text") #endif #define __softirq_entry __section(".softirqentry.text") #endif
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SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/fs/open.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds */ #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/fdtable.h> #include <linux/fsnotify.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/tty.h> #include <linux/namei.h> #include <linux/backing-dev.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/securebits.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/fcntl.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/personality.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/falloc.h> #include <linux/fs_struct.h> #include <linux/ima.h> #include <linux/dnotify.h> #include <linux/compat.h> #include "internal.h" int do_truncate(struct dentry *dentry, loff_t length, unsigned int time_attrs, struct file *filp) { int ret; struct iattr newattrs; /* Not pretty: "inode->i_size" shouldn't really be signed. But it is. */ if (length < 0) return -EINVAL; newattrs.ia_size = length; newattrs.ia_valid = ATTR_SIZE | time_attrs; if (filp) { newattrs.ia_file = filp; newattrs.ia_valid |= ATTR_FILE; } /* Remove suid, sgid, and file capabilities on truncate too */ ret = dentry_needs_remove_privs(dentry); if (ret < 0) return ret; if (ret) newattrs.ia_valid |= ret | ATTR_FORCE; inode_lock(dentry->d_inode); /* Note any delegations or leases have already been broken: */ ret = notify_change(dentry, &newattrs, NULL); inode_unlock(dentry->d_inode); return ret; } long vfs_truncate(const struct path *path, loff_t length) { struct inode *inode; long error; inode = path->dentry->d_inode; /* For directories it's -EISDIR, for other non-regulars - -EINVAL */ if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) return -EISDIR; if (!S_ISREG(inode->i_mode)) return -EINVAL; error = mnt_want_write(path->mnt); if (error) goto out; error = inode_permission(inode, MAY_WRITE); if (error) goto mnt_drop_write_and_out; error = -EPERM; if (IS_APPEND(inode)) goto mnt_drop_write_and_out; error = get_write_access(inode); if (error) goto mnt_drop_write_and_out; /* * Make sure that there are no leases. get_write_access() protects * against the truncate racing with a lease-granting setlease(). */ error = break_lease(inode, O_WRONLY); if (error) goto put_write_and_out; error = locks_verify_truncate(inode, NULL, length); if (!error) error = security_path_truncate(path); if (!error) error = do_truncate(path->dentry, length, 0, NULL); put_write_and_out: put_write_access(inode); mnt_drop_write_and_out: mnt_drop_write(path->mnt); out: return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfs_truncate); long do_sys_truncate(const char __user *pathname, loff_t length) { unsigned int lookup_flags = LOOKUP_FOLLOW; struct path path; int error; if (length < 0) /* sorry, but loff_t says... */ return -EINVAL; retry: error = user_path_at(AT_FDCWD, pathname, lookup_flags, &path); if (!error) { error = vfs_truncate(&path, length); path_put(&path); } if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(truncate, const char __user *, path, long, length) { return do_sys_truncate(path, length); } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE2(truncate, const char __user *, path, compat_off_t, length) { return do_sys_truncate(path, length); } #endif long do_sys_ftruncate(unsigned int fd, loff_t length, int small) { struct inode *inode; struct dentry *dentry; struct fd f; int error; error = -EINVAL; if (length < 0) goto out; error = -EBADF; f = fdget(fd); if (!f.file) goto out; /* explicitly opened as large or we are on 64-bit box */ if (f.file->f_flags & O_LARGEFILE) small = 0; dentry = f.file->f_path.dentry; inode = dentry->d_inode; error = -EINVAL; if (!S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) || !(f.file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE)) goto out_putf; error = -EINVAL; /* Cannot ftruncate over 2^31 bytes without large file support */ if (small && length > MAX_NON_LFS) goto out_putf; error = -EPERM; /* Check IS_APPEND on real upper inode */ if (IS_APPEND(file_inode(f.file))) goto out_putf; sb_start_write(inode->i_sb); error = locks_verify_truncate(inode, f.file, length); if (!error) error = security_path_truncate(&f.file->f_path); if (!error) error = do_truncate(dentry, length, ATTR_MTIME|ATTR_CTIME, f.file); sb_end_write(inode->i_sb); out_putf: fdput(f); out: return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(ftruncate, unsigned int, fd, unsigned long, length) { return do_sys_ftruncate(fd, length, 1); } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE2(ftruncate, unsigned int, fd, compat_ulong_t, length) { return do_sys_ftruncate(fd, length, 1); } #endif /* LFS versions of truncate are only needed on 32 bit machines */ #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 SYSCALL_DEFINE2(truncate64, const char __user *, path, loff_t, length) { return do_sys_truncate(path, length); } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(ftruncate64, unsigned int, fd, loff_t, length) { return do_sys_ftruncate(fd, length, 0); } #endif /* BITS_PER_LONG == 32 */ int vfs_fallocate(struct file *file, int mode, loff_t offset, loff_t len) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(file); long ret; if (offset < 0 || len <= 0) return -EINVAL; /* Return error if mode is not supported */ if (mode & ~FALLOC_FL_SUPPORTED_MASK) return -EOPNOTSUPP; /* Punch hole and zero range are mutually exclusive */ if ((mode & (FALLOC_FL_PUNCH_HOLE | FALLOC_FL_ZERO_RANGE)) == (FALLOC_FL_PUNCH_HOLE | FALLOC_FL_ZERO_RANGE)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; /* Punch hole must have keep size set */ if ((mode & FALLOC_FL_PUNCH_HOLE) && !(mode & FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; /* Collapse range should only be used exclusively. */ if ((mode & FALLOC_FL_COLLAPSE_RANGE) && (mode & ~FALLOC_FL_COLLAPSE_RANGE)) return -EINVAL; /* Insert range should only be used exclusively. */ if ((mode & FALLOC_FL_INSERT_RANGE) && (mode & ~FALLOC_FL_INSERT_RANGE)) return -EINVAL; /* Unshare range should only be used with allocate mode. */ if ((mode & FALLOC_FL_UNSHARE_RANGE) && (mode & ~(FALLOC_FL_UNSHARE_RANGE | FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE))) return -EINVAL; if (!(file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE)) return -EBADF; /* * We can only allow pure fallocate on append only files */ if ((mode & ~FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE) && IS_APPEND(inode)) return -EPERM; if (IS_IMMUTABLE(inode)) return -EPERM; /* * We cannot allow any fallocate operation on an active swapfile */ if (IS_SWAPFILE(inode)) return -ETXTBSY; /* * Revalidate the write permissions, in case security policy has * changed since the files were opened. */ ret = security_file_permission(file, MAY_WRITE); if (ret) return ret; if (S_ISFIFO(inode->i_mode)) return -ESPIPE; if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) return -EISDIR; if (!S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) && !S_ISBLK(inode->i_mode)) return -ENODEV; /* Check for wrap through zero too */ if (((offset + len) > inode->i_sb->s_maxbytes) || ((offset + len) < 0)) return -EFBIG; if (!file->f_op->fallocate) return -EOPNOTSUPP; file_start_write(file); ret = file->f_op->fallocate(file, mode, offset, len); /* * Create inotify and fanotify events. * * To keep the logic simple always create events if fallocate succeeds. * This implies that events are even created if the file size remains * unchanged, e.g. when using flag FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE. */ if (ret == 0) fsnotify_modify(file); file_end_write(file); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfs_fallocate); int ksys_fallocate(int fd, int mode, loff_t offset, loff_t len) { struct fd f = fdget(fd); int error = -EBADF; if (f.file) { error = vfs_fallocate(f.file, mode, offset, len); fdput(f); } return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE4(fallocate, int, fd, int, mode, loff_t, offset, loff_t, len) { return ksys_fallocate(fd, mode, offset, len); } /* * access() needs to use the real uid/gid, not the effective uid/gid. * We do this by temporarily clearing all FS-related capabilities and * switching the fsuid/fsgid around to the real ones. */ static const struct cred *access_override_creds(void) { const struct cred *old_cred; struct cred *override_cred; override_cred = prepare_creds(); if (!override_cred) return NULL; override_cred->fsuid = override_cred->uid; override_cred->fsgid = override_cred->gid; if (!issecure(SECURE_NO_SETUID_FIXUP)) { /* Clear the capabilities if we switch to a non-root user */ kuid_t root_uid = make_kuid(override_cred->user_ns, 0); if (!uid_eq(override_cred->uid, root_uid)) cap_clear(override_cred->cap_effective); else override_cred->cap_effective = override_cred->cap_permitted; } /* * The new set of credentials can *only* be used in * task-synchronous circumstances, and does not need * RCU freeing, unless somebody then takes a separate * reference to it. * * NOTE! This is _only_ true because this credential * is used purely for override_creds() that installs * it as the subjective cred. Other threads will be * accessing ->real_cred, not the subjective cred. * * If somebody _does_ make a copy of this (using the * 'get_current_cred()' function), that will clear the * non_rcu field, because now that other user may be * expecting RCU freeing. But normal thread-synchronous * cred accesses will keep things non-RCY. */ override_cred->non_rcu = 1; old_cred = override_creds(override_cred); /* override_cred() gets its own ref */ put_cred(override_cred); return old_cred; } static long do_faccessat(int dfd, const char __user *filename, int mode, int flags) { struct path path; struct inode *inode; int res; unsigned int lookup_flags = LOOKUP_FOLLOW; const struct cred *old_cred = NULL; if (mode & ~S_IRWXO) /* where's F_OK, X_OK, W_OK, R_OK? */ return -EINVAL; if (flags & ~(AT_EACCESS | AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW | AT_EMPTY_PATH)) return -EINVAL; if (flags & AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW) lookup_flags &= ~LOOKUP_FOLLOW; if (flags & AT_EMPTY_PATH) lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_EMPTY; if (!(flags & AT_EACCESS)) { old_cred = access_override_creds(); if (!old_cred) return -ENOMEM; } retry: res = user_path_at(dfd, filename, lookup_flags, &path); if (res) goto out; inode = d_backing_inode(path.dentry); if ((mode & MAY_EXEC) && S_ISREG(inode->i_mode)) { /* * MAY_EXEC on regular files is denied if the fs is mounted * with the "noexec" flag. */ res = -EACCES; if (path_noexec(&path)) goto out_path_release; } res = inode_permission(inode, mode | MAY_ACCESS); /* SuS v2 requires we report a read only fs too */ if (res || !(mode & S_IWOTH) || special_file(inode->i_mode)) goto out_path_release; /* * This is a rare case where using __mnt_is_readonly() * is OK without a mnt_want/drop_write() pair. Since * no actual write to the fs is performed here, we do * not need to telegraph to that to anyone. * * By doing this, we accept that this access is * inherently racy and know that the fs may change * state before we even see this result. */ if (__mnt_is_readonly(path.mnt)) res = -EROFS; out_path_release: path_put(&path); if (retry_estale(res, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } out: if (old_cred) revert_creds(old_cred); return res; } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(faccessat, int, dfd, const char __user *, filename, int, mode) { return do_faccessat(dfd, filename, mode, 0); } SYSCALL_DEFINE4(faccessat2, int, dfd, const char __user *, filename, int, mode, int, flags) { return do_faccessat(dfd, filename, mode, flags); } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(access, const char __user *, filename, int, mode) { return do_faccessat(AT_FDCWD, filename, mode, 0); } SYSCALL_DEFINE1(chdir, const char __user *, filename) { struct path path; int error; unsigned int lookup_flags = LOOKUP_FOLLOW | LOOKUP_DIRECTORY; retry: error = user_path_at(AT_FDCWD, filename, lookup_flags, &path); if (error) goto out; error = inode_permission(path.dentry->d_inode, MAY_EXEC | MAY_CHDIR); if (error) goto dput_and_out; set_fs_pwd(current->fs, &path); dput_and_out: path_put(&path); if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } out: return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE1(fchdir, unsigned int, fd) { struct fd f = fdget_raw(fd); int error; error = -EBADF; if (!f.file) goto out; error = -ENOTDIR; if (!d_can_lookup(f.file->f_path.dentry)) goto out_putf; error = inode_permission(file_inode(f.file), MAY_EXEC | MAY_CHDIR); if (!error) set_fs_pwd(current->fs, &f.file->f_path); out_putf: fdput(f); out: return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE1(chroot, const char __user *, filename) { struct path path; int error; unsigned int lookup_flags = LOOKUP_FOLLOW | LOOKUP_DIRECTORY; retry: error = user_path_at(AT_FDCWD, filename, lookup_flags, &path); if (error) goto out; error = inode_permission(path.dentry->d_inode, MAY_EXEC | MAY_CHDIR); if (error) goto dput_and_out; error = -EPERM; if (!ns_capable(current_user_ns(), CAP_SYS_CHROOT)) goto dput_and_out; error = security_path_chroot(&path); if (error) goto dput_and_out; set_fs_root(current->fs, &path); error = 0; dput_and_out: path_put(&path); if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } out: return error; } int chmod_common(const struct path *path, umode_t mode) { struct inode *inode = path->dentry->d_inode; struct inode *delegated_inode = NULL; struct iattr newattrs; int error; error = mnt_want_write(path->mnt); if (error) return error; retry_deleg: inode_lock(inode); error = security_path_chmod(path, mode); if (error) goto out_unlock; newattrs.ia_mode = (mode & S_IALLUGO) | (inode->i_mode & ~S_IALLUGO); newattrs.ia_valid = ATTR_MODE | ATTR_CTIME; error = notify_change(path->dentry, &newattrs, &delegated_inode); out_unlock: inode_unlock(inode); if (delegated_inode) { error = break_deleg_wait(&delegated_inode); if (!error) goto retry_deleg; } mnt_drop_write(path->mnt); return error; } int vfs_fchmod(struct file *file, umode_t mode) { audit_file(file); return chmod_common(&file->f_path, mode); } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(fchmod, unsigned int, fd, umode_t, mode) { struct fd f = fdget(fd); int err = -EBADF; if (f.file) { err = vfs_fchmod(f.file, mode); fdput(f); } return err; } static int do_fchmodat(int dfd, const char __user *filename, umode_t mode) { struct path path; int error; unsigned int lookup_flags = LOOKUP_FOLLOW; retry: error = user_path_at(dfd, filename, lookup_flags, &path); if (!error) { error = chmod_common(&path, mode); path_put(&path); if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } } return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(fchmodat, int, dfd, const char __user *, filename, umode_t, mode) { return do_fchmodat(dfd, filename, mode); } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(chmod, const char __user *, filename, umode_t, mode) { return do_fchmodat(AT_FDCWD, filename, mode); } int chown_common(const struct path *path, uid_t user, gid_t group) { struct inode *inode = path->dentry->d_inode; struct inode *delegated_inode = NULL; int error; struct iattr newattrs; kuid_t uid; kgid_t gid; uid = make_kuid(current_user_ns(), user); gid = make_kgid(current_user_ns(), group); retry_deleg: newattrs.ia_valid = ATTR_CTIME; if (user != (uid_t) -1) { if (!uid_valid(uid)) return -EINVAL; newattrs.ia_valid |= ATTR_UID; newattrs.ia_uid = uid; } if (group != (gid_t) -1) { if (!gid_valid(gid)) return -EINVAL; newattrs.ia_valid |= ATTR_GID; newattrs.ia_gid = gid; } if (!S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) newattrs.ia_valid |= ATTR_KILL_SUID | ATTR_KILL_SGID | ATTR_KILL_PRIV; inode_lock(inode); error = security_path_chown(path, uid, gid); if (!error) error = notify_change(path->dentry, &newattrs, &delegated_inode); inode_unlock(inode); if (delegated_inode) { error = break_deleg_wait(&delegated_inode); if (!error) goto retry_deleg; } return error; } int do_fchownat(int dfd, const char __user *filename, uid_t user, gid_t group, int flag) { struct path path; int error = -EINVAL; int lookup_flags; if ((flag & ~(AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW | AT_EMPTY_PATH)) != 0) goto out; lookup_flags = (flag & AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW) ? 0 : LOOKUP_FOLLOW; if (flag & AT_EMPTY_PATH) lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_EMPTY; retry: error = user_path_at(dfd, filename, lookup_flags, &path); if (error) goto out; error = mnt_want_write(path.mnt); if (error) goto out_release; error = chown_common(&path, user, group); mnt_drop_write(path.mnt); out_release: path_put(&path); if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } out: return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE5(fchownat, int, dfd, const char __user *, filename, uid_t, user, gid_t, group, int, flag) { return do_fchownat(dfd, filename, user, group, flag); } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(chown, const char __user *, filename, uid_t, user, gid_t, group) { return do_fchownat(AT_FDCWD, filename, user, group, 0); } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(lchown, const char __user *, filename, uid_t, user, gid_t, group) { return do_fchownat(AT_FDCWD, filename, user, group, AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW); } int vfs_fchown(struct file *file, uid_t user, gid_t group) { int error; error = mnt_want_write_file(file); if (error) return error; audit_file(file); error = chown_common(&file->f_path, user, group); mnt_drop_write_file(file); return error; } int ksys_fchown(unsigned int fd, uid_t user, gid_t group) { struct fd f = fdget(fd); int error = -EBADF; if (f.file) { error = vfs_fchown(f.file, user, group); fdput(f); } return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(fchown, unsigned int, fd, uid_t, user, gid_t, group) { return ksys_fchown(fd, user, group); } static int do_dentry_open(struct file *f, struct inode *inode, int (*open)(struct inode *, struct file *)) { static const struct file_operations empty_fops = {}; int error; path_get(&f->f_path); f->f_inode = inode; f->f_mapping = inode->i_mapping; f->f_wb_err = filemap_sample_wb_err(f->f_mapping); f->f_sb_err = file_sample_sb_err(f); if (unlikely(f->f_flags & O_PATH)) { f->f_mode = FMODE_PATH | FMODE_OPENED; f->f_op = &empty_fops; return 0; } if (f->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE && !special_file(inode->i_mode)) { error = get_write_access(inode); if (unlikely(error)) goto cleanup_file; error = __mnt_want_write(f->f_path.mnt); if (unlikely(error)) { put_write_access(inode); goto cleanup_file; } f->f_mode |= FMODE_WRITER; } /* POSIX.1-2008/SUSv4 Section XSI 2.9.7 */ if (S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) || S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) f->f_mode |= FMODE_ATOMIC_POS; f->f_op = fops_get(inode->i_fop); if (WARN_ON(!f->f_op)) { error = -ENODEV; goto cleanup_all; } error = security_file_open(f); if (error) goto cleanup_all; error = break_lease(locks_inode(f), f->f_flags); if (error) goto cleanup_all; /* normally all 3 are set; ->open() can clear them if needed */ f->f_mode |= FMODE_LSEEK | FMODE_PREAD | FMODE_PWRITE; if (!open) open = f->f_op->open; if (open) { error = open(inode, f); if (error) goto cleanup_all; } f->f_mode |= FMODE_OPENED; if ((f->f_mode & (FMODE_READ | FMODE_WRITE)) == FMODE_READ) i_readcount_inc(inode); if ((f->f_mode & FMODE_READ) && likely(f->f_op->read || f->f_op->read_iter)) f->f_mode |= FMODE_CAN_READ; if ((f->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE) && likely(f->f_op->write || f->f_op->write_iter)) f->f_mode |= FMODE_CAN_WRITE; f->f_write_hint = WRITE_LIFE_NOT_SET; f->f_flags &= ~(O_CREAT | O_EXCL | O_NOCTTY | O_TRUNC); file_ra_state_init(&f->f_ra, f->f_mapping->host->i_mapping); /* NB: we're sure to have correct a_ops only after f_op->open */ if (f->f_flags & O_DIRECT) { if (!f->f_mapping->a_ops || !f->f_mapping->a_ops->direct_IO) return -EINVAL; } /* * XXX: Huge page cache doesn't support writing yet. Drop all page * cache for this file before processing writes. */ if ((f->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE) && filemap_nr_thps(inode->i_mapping)) truncate_pagecache(inode, 0); return 0; cleanup_all: if (WARN_ON_ONCE(error > 0)) error = -EINVAL; fops_put(f->f_op); if (f->f_mode & FMODE_WRITER) { put_write_access(inode); __mnt_drop_write(f->f_path.mnt); } cleanup_file: path_put(&f->f_path); f->f_path.mnt = NULL; f->f_path.dentry = NULL; f->f_inode = NULL; return error; } /** * finish_open - finish opening a file * @file: file pointer * @dentry: pointer to dentry * @open: open callback * @opened: state of open * * This can be used to finish opening a file passed to i_op->atomic_open(). * * If the open callback is set to NULL, then the standard f_op->open() * filesystem callback is substituted. * * NB: the dentry reference is _not_ consumed. If, for example, the dentry is * the return value of d_splice_alias(), then the caller needs to perform dput() * on it after finish_open(). * * Returns zero on success or -errno if the open failed. */ int finish_open(struct file *file, struct dentry *dentry, int (*open)(struct inode *, struct file *)) { BUG_ON(file->f_mode & FMODE_OPENED); /* once it's opened, it's opened */ file->f_path.dentry = dentry; return do_dentry_open(file, d_backing_inode(dentry), open); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(finish_open); /** * finish_no_open - finish ->atomic_open() without opening the file * * @file: file pointer * @dentry: dentry or NULL (as returned from ->lookup()) * * This can be used to set the result of a successful lookup in ->atomic_open(). * * NB: unlike finish_open() this function does consume the dentry reference and * the caller need not dput() it. * * Returns "0" which must be the return value of ->atomic_open() after having * called this function. */ int finish_no_open(struct file *file, struct dentry *dentry) { file->f_path.dentry = dentry; return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(finish_no_open); char *file_path(struct file *filp, char *buf, int buflen) { return d_path(&filp->f_path, buf, buflen); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(file_path); /** * vfs_open - open the file at the given path * @path: path to open * @file: newly allocated file with f_flag initialized * @cred: credentials to use */ int vfs_open(const struct path *path, struct file *file) { file->f_path = *path; return do_dentry_open(file, d_backing_inode(path->dentry), NULL); } struct file *dentry_open(const struct path *path, int flags, const struct cred *cred) { int error; struct file *f; validate_creds(cred); /* We must always pass in a valid mount pointer. */ BUG_ON(!path->mnt); f = alloc_empty_file(flags, cred); if (!IS_ERR(f)) { error = vfs_open(path, f); if (error) { fput(f); f = ERR_PTR(error); } } return f; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(dentry_open); struct file *open_with_fake_path(const struct path *path, int flags, struct inode *inode, const struct cred *cred) { struct file *f = alloc_empty_file_noaccount(flags, cred); if (!IS_ERR(f)) { int error; f->f_path = *path; error = do_dentry_open(f, inode, NULL); if (error) { fput(f); f = ERR_PTR(error); } } return f; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(open_with_fake_path); #define WILL_CREATE(flags) (flags & (O_CREAT | __O_TMPFILE)) #define O_PATH_FLAGS (O_DIRECTORY | O_NOFOLLOW | O_PATH | O_CLOEXEC) inline struct open_how build_open_how(int flags, umode_t mode) { struct open_how how = { .flags = flags & VALID_OPEN_FLAGS, .mode = mode & S_IALLUGO, }; /* O_PATH beats everything else. */ if (how.flags & O_PATH) how.flags &= O_PATH_FLAGS; /* Modes should only be set for create-like flags. */ if (!WILL_CREATE(how.flags)) how.mode = 0; return how; } inline int build_open_flags(const struct open_how *how, struct open_flags *op) { u64 flags = how->flags; u64 strip = FMODE_NONOTIFY | O_CLOEXEC; int lookup_flags = 0; int acc_mode = ACC_MODE(flags); BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG(upper_32_bits(VALID_OPEN_FLAGS), "struct open_flags doesn't yet handle flags > 32 bits"); /* * Strip flags that either shouldn't be set by userspace like * FMODE_NONOTIFY or that aren't relevant in determining struct * open_flags like O_CLOEXEC. */ flags &= ~strip; /* * Older syscalls implicitly clear all of the invalid flags or argument * values before calling build_open_flags(), but openat2(2) checks all * of its arguments. */ if (flags & ~VALID_OPEN_FLAGS) return -EINVAL; if (how->resolve & ~VALID_RESOLVE_FLAGS) return -EINVAL; /* Scoping flags are mutually exclusive. */ if ((how->resolve & RESOLVE_BENEATH) && (how->resolve & RESOLVE_IN_ROOT)) return -EINVAL; /* Deal with the mode. */ if (WILL_CREATE(flags)) { if (how->mode & ~S_IALLUGO) return -EINVAL; op->mode = how->mode | S_IFREG; } else { if (how->mode != 0) return -EINVAL; op->mode = 0; } /* * In order to ensure programs get explicit errors when trying to use * O_TMPFILE on old kernels, O_TMPFILE is implemented such that it * looks like (O_DIRECTORY|O_RDWR & ~O_CREAT) to old kernels. But we * have to require userspace to explicitly set it. */ if (flags & __O_TMPFILE) { if ((flags & O_TMPFILE_MASK) != O_TMPFILE) return -EINVAL; if (!(acc_mode & MAY_WRITE)) return -EINVAL; } i