1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * hrtimers - High-resolution kernel timers * * Copyright(C) 2005, Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> * Copyright(C) 2005, Red Hat, Inc., Ingo Molnar * * data type definitions, declarations, prototypes * * Started by: Thomas Gleixner and Ingo Molnar */ #ifndef _LINUX_HRTIMER_H #define _LINUX_HRTIMER_H #include <linux/hrtimer_defs.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/seqlock.h> #include <linux/timer.h> #include <linux/timerqueue.h> struct hrtimer_clock_base; struct hrtimer_cpu_base; /* * Mode arguments of xxx_hrtimer functions: * * HRTIMER_MODE_ABS - Time value is absolute * HRTIMER_MODE_REL - Time value is relative to now * HRTIMER_MODE_PINNED - Timer is bound to CPU (is only considered * when starting the timer) * HRTIMER_MODE_SOFT - Timer callback function will be executed in * soft irq context * HRTIMER_MODE_HARD - Timer callback function will be executed in * hard irq context even on PREEMPT_RT. */ enum hrtimer_mode { HRTIMER_MODE_ABS = 0x00, HRTIMER_MODE_REL = 0x01, HRTIMER_MODE_PINNED = 0x02, HRTIMER_MODE_SOFT = 0x04, HRTIMER_MODE_HARD = 0x08, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_PINNED = HRTIMER_MODE_ABS | HRTIMER_MODE_PINNED, HRTIMER_MODE_REL_PINNED = HRTIMER_MODE_REL | HRTIMER_MODE_PINNED, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_SOFT = HRTIMER_MODE_ABS | HRTIMER_MODE_SOFT, HRTIMER_MODE_REL_SOFT = HRTIMER_MODE_REL | HRTIMER_MODE_SOFT, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_PINNED_SOFT = HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_PINNED | HRTIMER_MODE_SOFT, HRTIMER_MODE_REL_PINNED_SOFT = HRTIMER_MODE_REL_PINNED | HRTIMER_MODE_SOFT, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_HARD = HRTIMER_MODE_ABS | HRTIMER_MODE_HARD, HRTIMER_MODE_REL_HARD = HRTIMER_MODE_REL | HRTIMER_MODE_HARD, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_PINNED_HARD = HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_PINNED | HRTIMER_MODE_HARD, HRTIMER_MODE_REL_PINNED_HARD = HRTIMER_MODE_REL_PINNED | HRTIMER_MODE_HARD, }; /* * Return values for the callback function */ enum hrtimer_restart { HRTIMER_NORESTART, /* Timer is not restarted */ HRTIMER_RESTART, /* Timer must be restarted */ }; /* * Values to track state of the timer * * Possible states: * * 0x00 inactive * 0x01 enqueued into rbtree * * The callback state is not part of the timer->state because clearing it would * mean touching the timer after the callback, this makes it impossible to free * the timer from the callback function. * * Therefore we track the callback state in: * * timer->base->cpu_base->running == timer * * On SMP it is possible to have a "callback function running and enqueued" * status. It happens for example when a posix timer expired and the callback * queued a signal. Between dropping the lock which protects the posix timer * and reacquiring the base lock of the hrtimer, another CPU can deliver the * signal and rearm the timer. * * All state transitions are protected by cpu_base->lock. */ #define HRTIMER_STATE_INACTIVE 0x00 #define HRTIMER_STATE_ENQUEUED 0x01 /** * struct hrtimer - the basic hrtimer structure * @node: timerqueue node, which also manages node.expires, * the absolute expiry time in the hrtimers internal * representation. The time is related to the clock on * which the timer is based. Is setup by adding * slack to the _softexpires value. For non range timers * identical to _softexpires. * @_softexpires: the absolute earliest expiry time of the hrtimer. * The time which was given as expiry time when the timer * was armed. * @function: timer expiry callback function * @base: pointer to the timer base (per cpu and per clock) * @state: state information (See bit values above) * @is_rel: Set if the timer was armed relative * @is_soft: Set if hrtimer will be expired in soft interrupt context. * @is_hard: Set if hrtimer will be expired in hard interrupt context * even on RT. * * The hrtimer structure must be initialized by hrtimer_init() */ struct hrtimer { struct timerqueue_node node; ktime_t _softexpires; enum hrtimer_restart (*function)(struct hrtimer *); struct hrtimer_clock_base *base; u8 state; u8 is_rel; u8 is_soft; u8 is_hard; }; /** * struct hrtimer_sleeper - simple sleeper structure * @timer: embedded timer structure * @task: task to wake up * * task is set to NULL, when the timer expires. */ struct hrtimer_sleeper { struct hrtimer timer; struct task_struct *task; }; #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT # define __hrtimer_clock_base_align ____cacheline_aligned #else # define __hrtimer_clock_base_align #endif /** * struct hrtimer_clock_base - the timer base for a specific clock * @cpu_base: per cpu clock base * @index: clock type index for per_cpu support when moving a * timer to a base on another cpu. * @clockid: clock id for per_cpu support * @seq: seqcount around __run_hrtimer * @running: pointer to the currently running hrtimer * @active: red black tree root node for the active timers * @get_time: function to retrieve the current time of the clock * @offset: offset of this clock to the monotonic base */ struct hrtimer_clock_base { struct hrtimer_cpu_base *cpu_base; unsigned int index; clockid_t clockid; seqcount_raw_spinlock_t seq; struct hrtimer *running; struct timerqueue_head active; ktime_t (*get_time)(void); ktime_t offset; } __hrtimer_clock_base_align; enum hrtimer_base_type { HRTIMER_BASE_MONOTONIC, HRTIMER_BASE_REALTIME, HRTIMER_BASE_BOOTTIME, HRTIMER_BASE_TAI, HRTIMER_BASE_MONOTONIC_SOFT, HRTIMER_BASE_REALTIME_SOFT, HRTIMER_BASE_BOOTTIME_SOFT, HRTIMER_BASE_TAI_SOFT, HRTIMER_MAX_CLOCK_BASES, }; /** * struct hrtimer_cpu_base - the per cpu clock bases * @lock: lock protecting the base and associated clock bases * and timers * @cpu: cpu number * @active_bases: Bitfield to mark bases with active timers * @clock_was_set_seq: Sequence counter of clock was set events * @hres_active: State of high resolution mode * @in_hrtirq: hrtimer_interrupt() is currently executing * @hang_detected: The last hrtimer interrupt detected a hang * @softirq_activated: displays, if the softirq is raised - update of softirq * related settings is not required then. * @nr_events: Total number of hrtimer interrupt events * @nr_retries: Total number of hrtimer interrupt retries * @nr_hangs: Total number of hrtimer interrupt hangs * @max_hang_time: Maximum time spent in hrtimer_interrupt * @softirq_expiry_lock: Lock which is taken while softirq based hrtimer are * expired * @timer_waiters: A hrtimer_cancel() invocation waits for the timer * callback to finish. * @expires_next: absolute time of the next event, is required for remote * hrtimer enqueue; it is the total first expiry time (hard * and soft hrtimer are taken into account) * @next_timer: Pointer to the first expiring timer * @softirq_expires_next: Time to check, if soft queues needs also to be expired * @softirq_next_timer: Pointer to the first expiring softirq based timer * @clock_base: array of clock bases for this cpu * * Note: next_timer is just an optimization for __remove_hrtimer(). * Do not dereference the pointer because it is not reliable on * cross cpu removals. */ struct hrtimer_cpu_base { raw_spinlock_t lock; unsigned int cpu; unsigned int active_bases; unsigned int clock_was_set_seq; unsigned int hres_active : 1, in_hrtirq : 1, hang_detected : 1, softirq_activated : 1; #ifdef CONFIG_HIGH_RES_TIMERS unsigned int nr_events; unsigned short nr_retries; unsigned short nr_hangs; unsigned int max_hang_time; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT spinlock_t softirq_expiry_lock; atomic_t timer_waiters; #endif ktime_t expires_next; struct hrtimer *next_timer; ktime_t softirq_expires_next; struct hrtimer *softirq_next_timer; struct hrtimer_clock_base clock_base[HRTIMER_MAX_CLOCK_BASES]; } ____cacheline_aligned; static inline void hrtimer_set_expires(struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t time) { timer->node.expires = time; timer->_softexpires = time; } static inline void hrtimer_set_expires_range(struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t time, ktime_t delta) { timer->_softexpires = time; timer->node.expires = ktime_add_safe(time, delta); } static inline void hrtimer_set_expires_range_ns(struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t time, u64 delta) { timer->_softexpires = time; timer->node.expires = ktime_add_safe(time, ns_to_ktime(delta)); } static inline void hrtimer_set_expires_tv64(struct hrtimer *timer, s64 tv64) { timer->node.expires = tv64; timer->_softexpires = tv64; } static inline void hrtimer_add_expires(struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t time) { timer->node.expires = ktime_add_safe(timer->node.expires, time); timer->_softexpires = ktime_add_safe(timer->_softexpires, time); } static inline void hrtimer_add_expires_ns(struct hrtimer *timer, u64 ns) { timer->node.expires = ktime_add_ns(timer->node.expires, ns); timer->_softexpires = ktime_add_ns(timer->_softexpires, ns); } static inline ktime_t hrtimer_get_expires(const struct hrtimer *timer) { return timer->node.expires; } static inline ktime_t hrtimer_get_softexpires(const struct hrtimer *timer) { return timer->_softexpires; } static inline s64 hrtimer_get_expires_tv64(const struct hrtimer *timer) { return timer->node.expires; } static inline s64 hrtimer_get_softexpires_tv64(const struct hrtimer *timer) { return timer->_softexpires; } static inline s64 hrtimer_get_expires_ns(const struct hrtimer *timer) { return ktime_to_ns(timer->node.expires); } static inline ktime_t hrtimer_expires_remaining(const struct hrtimer *timer) { return ktime_sub(timer->node.expires, timer->base->get_time()); } static inline ktime_t hrtimer_cb_get_time(struct hrtimer *timer) { return timer->base->get_time(); } static inline int hrtimer_is_hres_active(struct hrtimer *timer) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HIGH_RES_TIMERS) ? timer->base->cpu_base->hres_active : 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_HIGH_RES_TIMERS struct clock_event_device; extern void hrtimer_interrupt(struct clock_event_device *dev); extern unsigned int hrtimer_resolution; #else #define hrtimer_resolution (unsigned int)LOW_RES_NSEC #endif static inline ktime_t __hrtimer_expires_remaining_adjusted(const struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t now) { ktime_t rem = ktime_sub(timer->node.expires, now); /* * Adjust relative timers for the extra we added in * hrtimer_start_range_ns() to prevent short timeouts. */ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_TIME_LOW_RES) && timer->is_rel) rem -= hrtimer_resolution; return rem; } static inline ktime_t hrtimer_expires_remaining_adjusted(const struct hrtimer *timer) { return __hrtimer_expires_remaining_adjusted(timer, timer->base->get_time()); } #ifdef CONFIG_TIMERFD extern void timerfd_clock_was_set(void); #else static inline void timerfd_clock_was_set(void) { } #endif extern void hrtimers_resume(void); DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct tick_device, tick_cpu_device); #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT void hrtimer_cancel_wait_running(const struct hrtimer *timer); #else static inline void hrtimer_cancel_wait_running(struct hrtimer *timer) { cpu_relax(); } #endif /* Exported timer functions: */ /* Initialize timers: */ extern void hrtimer_init(struct hrtimer *timer, clockid_t which_clock, enum hrtimer_mode mode); extern void hrtimer_init_sleeper(struct hrtimer_sleeper *sl, clockid_t clock_id, enum hrtimer_mode mode); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_TIMERS extern void hrtimer_init_on_stack(struct hrtimer *timer, clockid_t which_clock, enum hrtimer_mode mode); extern void hrtimer_init_sleeper_on_stack(struct hrtimer_sleeper *sl, clockid_t clock_id, enum hrtimer_mode mode); extern void destroy_hrtimer_on_stack(struct hrtimer *timer); #else static inline void hrtimer_init_on_stack(struct hrtimer *timer, clockid_t which_clock, enum hrtimer_mode mode) { hrtimer_init(timer, which_clock, mode); } static inline void hrtimer_init_sleeper_on_stack(struct hrtimer_sleeper *sl, clockid_t clock_id, enum hrtimer_mode mode) { hrtimer_init_sleeper(sl, clock_id, mode); } static inline void destroy_hrtimer_on_stack(struct hrtimer *timer) { } #endif /* Basic timer operations: */ extern void hrtimer_start_range_ns(struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t tim, u64 range_ns, const enum hrtimer_mode mode); /** * hrtimer_start - (re)start an hrtimer * @timer: the timer to be added * @tim: expiry time * @mode: timer mode: absolute (HRTIMER_MODE_ABS) or * relative (HRTIMER_MODE_REL), and pinned (HRTIMER_MODE_PINNED); * softirq based mode is considered for debug purpose only! */ static inline void hrtimer_start(struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t tim, const enum hrtimer_mode mode) { hrtimer_start_range_ns(timer, tim, 0, mode); } extern int hrtimer_cancel(struct hrtimer *timer); extern int hrtimer_try_to_cancel(struct hrtimer *timer); static inline void hrtimer_start_expires(struct hrtimer *timer, enum hrtimer_mode mode) { u64 delta; ktime_t soft, hard; soft = hrtimer_get_softexpires(timer); hard = hrtimer_get_expires(timer); delta = ktime_to_ns(ktime_sub(hard, soft)); hrtimer_start_range_ns(timer, soft, delta, mode); } void hrtimer_sleeper_start_expires(struct hrtimer_sleeper *sl, enum hrtimer_mode mode); static inline void hrtimer_restart(struct hrtimer *timer) { hrtimer_start_expires(timer, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS); } /* Query timers: */ extern ktime_t __hrtimer_get_remaining(const struct hrtimer *timer, bool adjust); static inline ktime_t hrtimer_get_remaining(const struct hrtimer *timer) { return __hrtimer_get_remaining(timer, false); } extern u64 hrtimer_get_next_event(void); extern u64 hrtimer_next_event_without(const struct hrtimer *exclude); extern bool hrtimer_active(const struct hrtimer *timer); /** * hrtimer_is_queued = check, whether the timer is on one of the queues * @timer: Timer to check * * Returns: True if the timer is queued, false otherwise * * The function can be used lockless, but it gives only a current snapshot. */ static inline bool hrtimer_is_queued(struct hrtimer *timer) { /* The READ_ONCE pairs with the update functions of timer->state */ return !!(READ_ONCE(timer->state) & HRTIMER_STATE_ENQUEUED); } /* * Helper function to check, whether the timer is running the callback * function */ static inline int hrtimer_callback_running(struct hrtimer *timer) { return timer->base->running == timer; } /* Forward a hrtimer so it expires after now: */ extern u64 hrtimer_forward(struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t now, ktime_t interval); /** * hrtimer_forward_now - forward the timer expiry so it expires after now * @timer: hrtimer to forward * @interval: the interval to forward * * Forward the timer expiry so it will expire after the current time * of the hrtimer clock base. Returns the number of overruns. * * Can be safely called from the callback function of @timer. If * called from other contexts @timer must neither be enqueued nor * running the callback and the caller needs to take care of * serialization. * * Note: This only updates the timer expiry value and does not requeue * the timer. */ static inline u64 hrtimer_forward_now(struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t interval) { return hrtimer_forward(timer, timer->base->get_time(), interval); } /* Precise sleep: */ extern int nanosleep_copyout(struct restart_block *, struct timespec64 *); extern long hrtimer_nanosleep(ktime_t rqtp, const enum hrtimer_mode mode, const clockid_t clockid); extern int schedule_hrtimeout_range(ktime_t *expires, u64 delta, const enum hrtimer_mode mode); extern int schedule_hrtimeout_range_clock(ktime_t *expires, u64 delta, const enum hrtimer_mode mode, clockid_t clock_id); extern int schedule_hrtimeout(ktime_t *expires, const enum hrtimer_mode mode); /* Soft interrupt function to run the hrtimer queues: */ extern void hrtimer_run_queues(void); /* Bootup initialization: */ extern void __init hrtimers_init(void); /* Show pending timers: */ extern void sysrq_timer_list_show(void); int hrtimers_prepare_cpu(unsigned int cpu); #ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU int hrtimers_dead_cpu(unsigned int cpu); #else #define hrtimers_dead_cpu NULL #endif #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_NAMEI_H #define _LINUX_NAMEI_H #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/path.h> #include <linux/fcntl.h> #include <linux/errno.h> enum { MAX_NESTED_LINKS = 8 }; #define MAXSYMLINKS 40 /* * Type of the last component on LOOKUP_PARENT */ enum {LAST_NORM, LAST_ROOT, LAST_DOT, LAST_DOTDOT}; /* pathwalk mode */ #define LOOKUP_FOLLOW 0x0001 /* follow links at the end */ #define LOOKUP_DIRECTORY 0x0002 /* require a directory */ #define LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT 0x0004 /* force terminal automount */ #define LOOKUP_EMPTY 0x4000 /* accept empty path [user_... only] */ #define LOOKUP_DOWN 0x8000 /* follow mounts in the starting point */ #define LOOKUP_MOUNTPOINT 0x0080 /* follow mounts in the end */ #define LOOKUP_REVAL 0x0020 /* tell ->d_revalidate() to trust no cache */ #define LOOKUP_RCU 0x0040 /* RCU pathwalk mode; semi-internal */ /* These tell filesystem methods that we are dealing with the final component... */ #define LOOKUP_OPEN 0x0100 /* ... in open */ #define LOOKUP_CREATE 0x0200 /* ... in object creation */ #define LOOKUP_EXCL 0x0400 /* ... in exclusive creation */ #define LOOKUP_RENAME_TARGET 0x0800 /* ... in destination of rename() */ /* internal use only */ #define LOOKUP_PARENT 0x0010 #define LOOKUP_JUMPED 0x1000 #define LOOKUP_ROOT 0x2000 #define LOOKUP_ROOT_GRABBED 0x0008 /* Scoping flags for lookup. */ #define LOOKUP_NO_SYMLINKS 0x010000 /* No symlink crossing. */ #define LOOKUP_NO_MAGICLINKS 0x020000 /* No nd_jump_link() crossing. */ #define LOOKUP_NO_XDEV 0x040000 /* No mountpoint crossing. */ #define LOOKUP_BENEATH 0x080000 /* No escaping from starting point. */ #define LOOKUP_IN_ROOT 0x100000 /* Treat dirfd as fs root. */ /* LOOKUP_* flags which do scope-related checks based on the dirfd. */ #define LOOKUP_IS_SCOPED (LOOKUP_BENEATH | LOOKUP_IN_ROOT) extern int path_pts(struct path *path); extern int user_path_at_empty(int, const char __user *, unsigned, struct path *, int *empty); static inline int user_path_at(int dfd, const char __user *name, unsigned flags, struct path *path) { return user_path_at_empty(dfd, name, flags, path, NULL); } extern int kern_path(const char *, unsigned, struct path *); extern struct dentry *kern_path_create(int, const char *, struct path *, unsigned int); extern struct dentry *user_path_create(int, const char __user *, struct path *, unsigned int); extern void done_path_create(struct path *, struct dentry *); extern struct dentry *kern_path_locked(const char *, struct path *); extern struct dentry *try_lookup_one_len(const char *, struct dentry *, int); extern struct dentry *lookup_one_len(const char *, struct dentry *, int); extern struct dentry *lookup_one_len_unlocked(const char *, struct dentry *, int); extern struct dentry *lookup_positive_unlocked(const char *, struct dentry *, int); extern int follow_down_one(struct path *); extern int follow_down(struct path *); extern int follow_up(struct path *); extern struct dentry *lock_rename(struct dentry *, struct dentry *); extern void unlock_rename(struct dentry *, struct dentry *); extern int __must_check nd_jump_link(struct path *path); static inline void nd_terminate_link(void *name, size_t len, size_t maxlen) { ((char *) name)[min(len, maxlen)] = '\0'; } /** * retry_estale - determine whether the caller should retry an operation * @error: the error that would currently be returned * @flags: flags being used for next lookup attempt * * Check to see if the error code was -ESTALE, and then determine whether * to retry the call based on whether "flags" already has LOOKUP_REVAL set. * * Returns true if the caller should try the operation again. */ static inline bool retry_estale(const long error, const unsigned int flags) { return error == -ESTALE && !(flags & LOOKUP_REVAL); } #endif /* _LINUX_NAMEI_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_KERNEL_STAT_H #define _LINUX_KERNEL_STAT_H #include <linux/smp.h> #include <linux/threads.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/vtime.h> #include <asm/irq.h> /* * 'kernel_stat.h' contains the definitions needed for doing * some kernel statistics (CPU usage, context switches ...), * used by rstatd/perfmeter */ enum cpu_usage_stat { CPUTIME_USER, CPUTIME_NICE, CPUTIME_SYSTEM, CPUTIME_SOFTIRQ, CPUTIME_IRQ, CPUTIME_IDLE, CPUTIME_IOWAIT, CPUTIME_STEAL, CPUTIME_GUEST, CPUTIME_GUEST_NICE, NR_STATS, }; struct kernel_cpustat { u64 cpustat[NR_STATS]; }; struct kernel_stat { unsigned long irqs_sum; unsigned int softirqs[NR_SOFTIRQS]; }; DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct kernel_stat, kstat); DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct kernel_cpustat, kernel_cpustat); /* Must have preemption disabled for this to be meaningful. */ #define kstat_this_cpu this_cpu_ptr(&kstat) #define kcpustat_this_cpu this_cpu_ptr(&kernel_cpustat) #define kstat_cpu(cpu) per_cpu(kstat, cpu) #define kcpustat_cpu(cpu) per_cpu(kernel_cpustat, cpu) extern unsigned long long nr_context_switches(void); extern unsigned int kstat_irqs_cpu(unsigned int irq, int cpu); extern void kstat_incr_irq_this_cpu(unsigned int irq); static inline void kstat_incr_softirqs_this_cpu(unsigned int irq) { __this_cpu_inc(kstat.softirqs[irq]); } static inline unsigned int kstat_softirqs_cpu(unsigned int irq, int cpu) { return kstat_cpu(cpu).softirqs[irq]; } /* * Number of interrupts per specific IRQ source, since bootup */ extern unsigned int kstat_irqs(unsigned int irq); extern unsigned int kstat_irqs_usr(unsigned int irq); /* * Number of interrupts per cpu, since bootup */ static inline unsigned int kstat_cpu_irqs_sum(unsigned int cpu) { return kstat_cpu(cpu).irqs_sum; } #ifdef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_GEN extern u64 kcpustat_field(struct kernel_cpustat *kcpustat, enum cpu_usage_stat usage, int cpu); extern void kcpustat_cpu_fetch(struct kernel_cpustat *dst, int cpu); #else static inline u64 kcpustat_field(struct kernel_cpustat *kcpustat, enum cpu_usage_stat usage, int cpu) { return kcpustat->cpustat[usage]; } static inline void kcpustat_cpu_fetch(struct kernel_cpustat *dst, int cpu) { *dst = kcpustat_cpu(cpu); } #endif extern void account_user_time(struct task_struct *, u64); extern void account_guest_time(struct task_struct *, u64); extern void account_system_time(struct task_struct *, int, u64); extern void account_system_index_time(struct task_struct *, u64, enum cpu_usage_stat); extern void account_steal_time(u64); extern void account_idle_time(u64); extern u64 get_idle_time(struct kernel_cpustat *kcs, int cpu); #ifdef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE static inline void account_process_tick(struct task_struct *tsk, int user) { vtime_flush(tsk); } #else extern void account_process_tick(struct task_struct *, int user); #endif extern void account_idle_ticks(unsigned long ticks); #endif /* _LINUX_KERNEL_STAT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* Authentication token and access key management * * Copyright (C) 2004, 2007 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved. * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com) * * See Documentation/security/keys/core.rst for information on keys/keyrings. */ #ifndef _LINUX_KEY_H #define _LINUX_KEY_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/assoc_array.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/time64.h> #ifdef __KERNEL__ #include <linux/uidgid.h> /* key handle serial number */ typedef int32_t key_serial_t; /* key handle permissions mask */ typedef uint32_t key_perm_t; struct key; struct net; #ifdef CONFIG_KEYS #undef KEY_DEBUGGING #define KEY_POS_VIEW 0x01000000 /* possessor can view a key's attributes */ #define KEY_POS_READ 0x02000000 /* possessor can read key payload / view keyring */ #define KEY_POS_WRITE 0x04000000 /* possessor can update key payload / add link to keyring */ #define KEY_POS_SEARCH 0x08000000 /* possessor can find a key in search / search a keyring */ #define KEY_POS_LINK 0x10000000 /* possessor can create a link to a key/keyring */ #define KEY_POS_SETATTR 0x20000000 /* possessor can set key attributes */ #define KEY_POS_ALL 0x3f000000 #define KEY_USR_VIEW 0x00010000 /* user permissions... */ #define KEY_USR_READ 0x00020000 #define KEY_USR_WRITE 0x00040000 #define KEY_USR_SEARCH 0x00080000 #define KEY_USR_LINK 0x00100000 #define KEY_USR_SETATTR 0x00200000 #define KEY_USR_ALL 0x003f0000 #define KEY_GRP_VIEW 0x00000100 /* group permissions... */ #define KEY_GRP_READ 0x00000200 #define KEY_GRP_WRITE 0x00000400 #define KEY_GRP_SEARCH 0x00000800 #define KEY_GRP_LINK 0x00001000 #define KEY_GRP_SETATTR 0x00002000 #define KEY_GRP_ALL 0x00003f00 #define KEY_OTH_VIEW 0x00000001 /* third party permissions... */ #define KEY_OTH_READ 0x00000002 #define KEY_OTH_WRITE 0x00000004 #define KEY_OTH_SEARCH 0x00000008 #define KEY_OTH_LINK 0x00000010 #define KEY_OTH_SETATTR 0x00000020 #define KEY_OTH_ALL 0x0000003f #define KEY_PERM_UNDEF 0xffffffff /* * The permissions required on a key that we're looking up. */ enum key_need_perm { KEY_NEED_UNSPECIFIED, /* Needed permission unspecified */ KEY_NEED_VIEW, /* Require permission to view attributes */ KEY_NEED_READ, /* Require permission to read content */ KEY_NEED_WRITE, /* Require permission to update / modify */ KEY_NEED_SEARCH, /* Require permission to search (keyring) or find (key) */ KEY_NEED_LINK, /* Require permission to link */ KEY_NEED_SETATTR, /* Require permission to change attributes */ KEY_NEED_UNLINK, /* Require permission to unlink key */ KEY_SYSADMIN_OVERRIDE, /* Special: override by CAP_SYS_ADMIN */ KEY_AUTHTOKEN_OVERRIDE, /* Special: override by possession of auth token */ KEY_DEFER_PERM_CHECK, /* Special: permission check is deferred */ }; struct seq_file; struct user_struct; struct signal_struct; struct cred; struct key_type; struct key_owner; struct key_tag; struct keyring_list; struct keyring_name; struct key_tag { struct rcu_head rcu; refcount_t usage; bool removed; /* T when subject removed */ }; struct keyring_index_key { /* [!] If this structure is altered, the union in struct key must change too! */ unsigned long hash; /* Hash value */ union { struct { #ifdef __LITTLE_ENDIAN /* Put desc_len at the LSB of x */ u16 desc_len; char desc[sizeof(long) - 2]; /* First few chars of description */ #else char desc[sizeof(long) - 2]; /* First few chars of description */ u16 desc_len; #endif }; unsigned long x; }; struct key_type *type; struct key_tag *domain_tag; /* Domain of operation */ const char *description; }; union key_payload { void __rcu *rcu_data0; void *data[4]; }; /*****************************************************************************/ /* * key reference with possession attribute handling * * NOTE! key_ref_t is a typedef'd pointer to a type that is not actually * defined. This is because we abuse the bottom bit of the reference to carry a * flag to indicate whether the calling process possesses that key in one of * its keyrings. * * the key_ref_t has been made a separate type so that the compiler can reject * attempts to dereference it without proper conversion. * * the three functions are used to assemble and disassemble references */ typedef struct __key_reference_with_attributes *key_ref_t; static inline key_ref_t make_key_ref(const struct key *key, bool possession) { return (key_ref_t) ((unsigned long) key | possession); } static inline struct key *key_ref_to_ptr(const key_ref_t key_ref) { return (struct key *) ((unsigned long) key_ref & ~1UL); } static inline bool is_key_possessed(const key_ref_t key_ref) { return (unsigned long) key_ref & 1UL; } typedef int (*key_restrict_link_func_t)(struct key *dest_keyring, const struct key_type *type, const union key_payload *payload, struct key *restriction_key); struct key_restriction { key_restrict_link_func_t check; struct key *key; struct key_type *keytype; }; enum key_state { KEY_IS_UNINSTANTIATED, KEY_IS_POSITIVE, /* Positively instantiated */ }; /*****************************************************************************/ /* * authentication token / access credential / keyring * - types of key include: * - keyrings * - disk encryption IDs * - Kerberos TGTs and tickets */ struct key { refcount_t usage; /* number of references */ key_serial_t serial; /* key serial number */ union { struct list_head graveyard_link; struct rb_node serial_node; }; #ifdef CONFIG_KEY_NOTIFICATIONS struct watch_list *watchers; /* Entities watching this key for changes */ #endif struct rw_semaphore sem; /* change vs change sem */ struct key_user *user; /* owner of this key */ void *security; /* security data for this key */ union { time64_t expiry; /* time at which key expires (or 0) */ time64_t revoked_at; /* time at which key was revoked */ }; time64_t last_used_at; /* last time used for LRU keyring discard */ kuid_t uid; kgid_t gid; key_perm_t perm; /* access permissions */ unsigned short quotalen; /* length added to quota */ unsigned short datalen; /* payload data length * - may not match RCU dereferenced payload * - payload should contain own length */ short state; /* Key state (+) or rejection error (-) */ #ifdef KEY_DEBUGGING unsigned magic; #define KEY_DEBUG_MAGIC 0x18273645u #endif unsigned long flags; /* status flags (change with bitops) */ #define KEY_FLAG_DEAD 0 /* set if key type has been deleted */ #define KEY_FLAG_REVOKED 1 /* set if key had been revoked */ #define KEY_FLAG_IN_QUOTA 2 /* set if key consumes quota */ #define KEY_FLAG_USER_CONSTRUCT 3 /* set if key is being constructed in userspace */ #define KEY_FLAG_ROOT_CAN_CLEAR 4 /* set if key can be cleared by root without permission */ #define KEY_FLAG_INVALIDATED 5 /* set if key has been invalidated */ #define KEY_FLAG_BUILTIN 6 /* set if key is built in to the kernel */ #define KEY_FLAG_ROOT_CAN_INVAL 7 /* set if key can be invalidated by root without permission */ #define KEY_FLAG_KEEP 8 /* set if key should not be removed */ #define KEY_FLAG_UID_KEYRING 9 /* set if key is a user or user session keyring */ /* the key type and key description string * - the desc is used to match a key against search criteria * - it should be a printable string * - eg: for krb5 AFS, this might be "afs@REDHAT.COM" */ union { struct keyring_index_key index_key; struct { unsigned long hash; unsigned long len_desc; struct key_type *type; /* type of key */ struct key_tag *domain_tag; /* Domain of operation */ char *description; }; }; /* key data * - this is used to hold the data actually used in cryptography or * whatever */ union { union key_payload payload; struct { /* Keyring bits */ struct list_head name_link; struct assoc_array keys; }; }; /* This is set on a keyring to restrict the addition of a link to a key * to it. If this structure isn't provided then it is assumed that the * keyring is open to any addition. It is ignored for non-keyring * keys. Only set this value using keyring_restrict(), keyring_alloc(), * or key_alloc(). * * This is intended for use with rings of trusted keys whereby addition * to the keyring needs to be controlled. KEY_ALLOC_BYPASS_RESTRICTION * overrides this, allowing the kernel to add extra keys without * restriction. */ struct key_restriction *restrict_link; }; extern struct key *key_alloc(struct key_type *type, const char *desc, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, const struct cred *cred, key_perm_t perm, unsigned long flags, struct key_restriction *restrict_link); #define KEY_ALLOC_IN_QUOTA 0x0000 /* add to quota, reject if would overrun */ #define KEY_ALLOC_QUOTA_OVERRUN 0x0001 /* add to quota, permit even if overrun */ #define KEY_ALLOC_NOT_IN_QUOTA 0x0002 /* not in quota */ #define KEY_ALLOC_BUILT_IN 0x0004 /* Key is built into kernel */ #define KEY_ALLOC_BYPASS_RESTRICTION 0x0008 /* Override the check on restricted keyrings */ #define KEY_ALLOC_UID_KEYRING 0x0010 /* allocating a user or user session keyring */ #define KEY_ALLOC_SET_KEEP 0x0020 /* Set the KEEP flag on the key/keyring */ extern void key_revoke(struct key *key); extern void key_invalidate(struct key *key); extern void key_put(struct key *key); extern bool key_put_tag(struct key_tag *tag); extern void key_remove_domain(struct key_tag *domain_tag); static inline struct key *__key_get(struct key *key) { refcount_inc(&key->usage); return key; } static inline struct key *key_get(struct key *key) { return key ? __key_get(key) : key; } static inline void key_ref_put(key_ref_t key_ref) { key_put(key_ref_to_ptr(key_ref)); } extern struct key *request_key_tag(struct key_type *type, const char *description, struct key_tag *domain_tag, const char *callout_info); extern struct key *request_key_rcu(struct key_type *type, const char *description, struct key_tag *domain_tag); extern struct key *request_key_with_auxdata(struct key_type *type, const char *description, struct key_tag *domain_tag, const void *callout_info, size_t callout_len, void *aux); /** * request_key - Request a key and wait for construction * @type: Type of key. * @description: The searchable description of the key. * @callout_info: The data to pass to the instantiation upcall (or NULL). * * As for request_key_tag(), but with the default global domain tag. */ static inline struct key *request_key(struct key_type *type, const char *description, const char *callout_info) { return request_key_tag(type, description, NULL, callout_info); } #ifdef CONFIG_NET /** * request_key_net - Request a key for a net namespace and wait for construction * @type: Type of key. * @description: The searchable description of the key. * @net: The network namespace that is the key's domain of operation. * @callout_info: The data to pass to the instantiation upcall (or NULL). * * As for request_key() except that it does not add the returned key to a * keyring if found, new keys are always allocated in the user's quota, the * callout_info must be a NUL-terminated string and no auxiliary data can be * passed. Only keys that operate the specified network namespace are used. * * Furthermore, it then works as wait_for_key_construction() to wait for the * completion of keys undergoing construction with a non-interruptible wait. */ #define request_key_net(type, description, net, callout_info) \ request_key_tag(type, description, net->key_domain, callout_info); /** * request_key_net_rcu - Request a key for a net namespace under RCU conditions * @type: Type of key. * @description: The searchable description of the key. * @net: The network namespace that is the key's domain of operation. * * As for request_key_rcu() except that only keys that operate the specified * network namespace are used. */ #define request_key_net_rcu(type, description, net) \ request_key_rcu(type, description, net->key_domain); #endif /* CONFIG_NET */ extern int wait_for_key_construction(struct key *key, bool intr); extern int key_validate(const struct key *key); extern key_ref_t key_create_or_update(key_ref_t keyring, const char *type, const char *description, const void *payload, size_t plen, key_perm_t perm, unsigned long flags); extern int key_update(key_ref_t key, const void *payload, size_t plen); extern int key_link(struct key *keyring, struct key *key); extern int key_move(struct key *key, struct key *from_keyring, struct key *to_keyring, unsigned int flags); extern int key_unlink(struct key *keyring, struct key *key); extern struct key *keyring_alloc(const char *description, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, const struct cred *cred, key_perm_t perm, unsigned long flags, struct key_restriction *restrict_link, struct key *dest); extern int restrict_link_reject(struct key *keyring, const struct key_type *type, const union key_payload *payload, struct key *restriction_key); extern int keyring_clear(struct key *keyring); extern key_ref_t keyring_search(key_ref_t keyring, struct key_type *type, const char *description, bool recurse); extern int keyring_add_key(struct key *keyring, struct key *key); extern int keyring_restrict(key_ref_t keyring, const char *type, const char *restriction); extern struct key *key_lookup(key_serial_t id); static inline key_serial_t key_serial(const struct key *key) { return key ? key->serial : 0; } extern void key_set_timeout(struct key *, unsigned); extern key_ref_t lookup_user_key(key_serial_t id, unsigned long flags, enum key_need_perm need_perm); extern void key_free_user_ns(struct user_namespace *); static inline short key_read_state(const struct key *key) { /* Barrier versus mark_key_instantiated(). */ return smp_load_acquire(&key->state); } /** * key_is_positive - Determine if a key has been positively instantiated * @key: The key to check. * * Return true if the specified key has been positively instantiated, false * otherwise. */ static inline bool key_is_positive(const struct key *key) { return key_read_state(key) == KEY_IS_POSITIVE; } static inline bool key_is_negative(const struct key *key) { return key_read_state(key) < 0; } #define dereference_key_rcu(KEY) \ (rcu_dereference((KEY)->payload.rcu_data0)) #define dereference_key_locked(KEY) \ (rcu_dereference_protected((KEY)->payload.rcu_data0, \ rwsem_is_locked(&((struct key *)(KEY))->sem))) #define rcu_assign_keypointer(KEY, PAYLOAD) \ do { \ rcu_assign_pointer((KEY)->payload.rcu_data0, (PAYLOAD)); \ } while (0) #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL extern struct ctl_table key_sysctls[]; #endif /* * the userspace interface */ extern int install_thread_keyring_to_cred(struct cred *cred); extern void key_fsuid_changed(struct cred *new_cred); extern void key_fsgid_changed(struct cred *new_cred); extern void key_init(void); #else /* CONFIG_KEYS */ #define key_validate(k) 0 #define key_serial(k) 0 #define key_get(k) ({ NULL; }) #define key_revoke(k) do { } while(0) #define key_invalidate(k) do { } while(0) #define key_put(k) do { } while(0) #define key_ref_put(k) do { } while(0) #define make_key_ref(k, p) NULL #define key_ref_to_ptr(k) NULL #define is_key_possessed(k) 0 #define key_fsuid_changed(c) do { } while(0) #define key_fsgid_changed(c) do { } while(0) #define key_init() do { } while(0) #define key_free_user_ns(ns) do { } while(0) #define key_remove_domain(d) do { } while(0) #endif /* CONFIG_KEYS */ #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #endif /* _LINUX_KEY_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * async.h: Asynchronous function calls for boot performance * * (C) Copyright 2009 Intel Corporation * Author: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@linux.intel.com> */ #ifndef __ASYNC_H__ #define __ASYNC_H__ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/numa.h> #include <linux/device.h> typedef u64 async_cookie_t; typedef void (*async_func_t) (void *data, async_cookie_t cookie); struct async_domain { struct list_head pending; unsigned registered:1; }; /* * domain participates in global async_synchronize_full */ #define ASYNC_DOMAIN(_name) \ struct async_domain _name = { .pending = LIST_HEAD_INIT(_name.pending), \ .registered = 1 } /* * domain is free to go out of scope as soon as all pending work is * complete, this domain does not participate in async_synchronize_full */ #define ASYNC_DOMAIN_EXCLUSIVE(_name) \ struct async_domain _name = { .pending = LIST_HEAD_INIT(_name.pending), \ .registered = 0 } async_cookie_t async_schedule_node(async_func_t func, void *data, int node); async_cookie_t async_schedule_node_domain(async_func_t func, void *data, int node, struct async_domain *domain); /** * async_schedule - schedule a function for asynchronous execution * @func: function to execute asynchronously * @data: data pointer to pass to the function * * Returns an async_cookie_t that may be used for checkpointing later. * Note: This function may be called from atomic or non-atomic contexts. */ static inline async_cookie_t async_schedule(async_func_t func, void *data) { return async_schedule_node(func, data, NUMA_NO_NODE); } /** * async_schedule_domain - schedule a function for asynchronous execution within a certain domain * @func: function to execute asynchronously * @data: data pointer to pass to the function * @domain: the domain * * Returns an async_cookie_t that may be used for checkpointing later. * @domain may be used in the async_synchronize_*_domain() functions to * wait within a certain synchronization domain rather than globally. * Note: This function may be called from atomic or non-atomic contexts. */ static inline async_cookie_t async_schedule_domain(async_func_t func, void *data, struct async_domain *domain) { return async_schedule_node_domain(func, data, NUMA_NO_NODE, domain); } /** * async_schedule_dev - A device specific version of async_schedule * @func: function to execute asynchronously * @dev: device argument to be passed to function * * Returns an async_cookie_t that may be used for checkpointing later. * @dev is used as both the argument for the function and to provide NUMA * context for where to run the function. By doing this we can try to * provide for the best possible outcome by operating on the device on the * CPUs closest to the device. * Note: This function may be called from atomic or non-atomic contexts. */ static inline async_cookie_t async_schedule_dev(async_func_t func, struct device *dev) { return async_schedule_node(func, dev, dev_to_node(dev)); } /** * async_schedule_dev_domain - A device specific version of async_schedule_domain * @func: function to execute asynchronously * @dev: device argument to be passed to function * @domain: the domain * * Returns an async_cookie_t that may be used for checkpointing later. * @dev is used as both the argument for the function and to provide NUMA * context for where to run the function. By doing this we can try to * provide for the best possible outcome by operating on the device on the * CPUs closest to the device. * @domain may be used in the async_synchronize_*_domain() functions to * wait within a certain synchronization domain rather than globally. * Note: This function may be called from atomic or non-atomic contexts. */ static inline async_cookie_t async_schedule_dev_domain(async_func_t func, struct device *dev, struct async_domain *domain) { return async_schedule_node_domain(func, dev, dev_to_node(dev), domain); } void async_unregister_domain(struct async_domain *domain); extern void async_synchronize_full(void); extern void async_synchronize_full_domain(struct async_domain *domain); extern void async_synchronize_cookie(async_cookie_t cookie); extern void async_synchronize_cookie_domain(async_cookie_t cookie, struct async_domain *domain); extern bool current_is_async(void); #endif
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1421 1422 1423 1424 1425 1426 1427 1428 1429 1430 1431 1432 1433 1434 1435 1436 1437 1438 1439 1440 1441 1442 1443 1444 1445 1446 1447 1448 1449 1450 1451 1452 1453 1454 1455 1456 1457 1458 1459 1460 1461 1462 1463 1464 1465 1466 1467 1468 1469 1470 1471 1472 1473 1474 1475 1476 1477 1478 1479 1480 1481 1482 1483 1484 1485 1486 1487 1488 1489 1490 1491 1492 1493 1494 1495 1496 1497 1498 1499 1500 1501 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_PGTABLE_H #define _LINUX_PGTABLE_H #include <linux/pfn.h> #include <asm/pgtable.h> #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #ifdef CONFIG_MMU #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include <asm-generic/pgtable_uffd.h> #if 5 - defined(__PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED) - defined(__PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED) - \ defined(__PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED) != CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS #error CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS is not consistent with __PAGETABLE_{P4D,PUD,PMD}_FOLDED #endif /* * On almost all architectures and configurations, 0 can be used as the * upper ceiling to free_pgtables(): on many architectures it has the same * effect as using TASK_SIZE. However, there is one configuration which * must impose a more careful limit, to avoid freeing kernel pgtables. */ #ifndef USER_PGTABLES_CEILING #define USER_PGTABLES_CEILING 0UL #endif /* * A page table page can be thought of an array like this: pXd_t[PTRS_PER_PxD] * * The pXx_index() functions return the index of the entry in the page * table page which would control the given virtual address * * As these functions may be used by the same code for different levels of * the page table folding, they are always available, regardless of * CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS value. For the folded levels they simply return 0 * because in such cases PTRS_PER_PxD equals 1. */ static inline unsigned long pte_index(unsigned long address) { return (address >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PTE - 1); } #ifndef pmd_index static inline unsigned long pmd_index(unsigned long address) { return (address >> PMD_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PMD - 1); } #define pmd_index pmd_index #endif #ifndef pud_index static inline unsigned long pud_index(unsigned long address) { return (address >> PUD_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PUD - 1); } #define pud_index pud_index #endif #ifndef pgd_index /* Must be a compile-time constant, so implement it as a macro */ #define pgd_index(a) (((a) >> PGDIR_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PGD - 1)) #endif #ifndef pte_offset_kernel static inline pte_t *pte_offset_kernel(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long address) { return (pte_t *)pmd_page_vaddr(*pmd) + pte_index(address); } #define pte_offset_kernel pte_offset_kernel #endif #if defined(CONFIG_HIGHPTE) #define pte_offset_map(dir, address) \ ((pte_t *)kmap_atomic(pmd_page(*(dir))) + \ pte_index((address))) #define pte_unmap(pte) kunmap_atomic((pte)) #else #define pte_offset_map(dir, address) pte_offset_kernel((dir), (address)) #define pte_unmap(pte) ((void)(pte)) /* NOP */ #endif /* Find an entry in the second-level page table.. */ #ifndef pmd_offset static inline pmd_t *pmd_offset(pud_t *pud, unsigned long address) { return (pmd_t *)pud_page_vaddr(*pud) + pmd_index(address); } #define pmd_offset pmd_offset #endif #ifndef pud_offset static inline pud_t *pud_offset(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address) { return (pud_t *)p4d_page_vaddr(*p4d) + pud_index(address); } #define pud_offset pud_offset #endif static inline pgd_t *pgd_offset_pgd(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { return (pgd + pgd_index(address)); }; /* * a shortcut to get a pgd_t in a given mm */ #ifndef pgd_offset #define pgd_offset(mm, address) pgd_offset_pgd((mm)->pgd, (address)) #endif /* * a shortcut which implies the use of the kernel's pgd, instead * of a process's */ #ifndef pgd_offset_k #define pgd_offset_k(address) pgd_offset(&init_mm, (address)) #endif /* * In many cases it is known that a virtual address is mapped at PMD or PTE * level, so instead of traversing all the page table levels, we can get a * pointer to the PMD entry in user or kernel page table or translate a virtual * address to the pointer in the PTE in the kernel page tables with simple * helpers. */ static inline pmd_t *pmd_off(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long va) { return pmd_offset(pud_offset(p4d_offset(pgd_offset(mm, va), va), va), va); } static inline pmd_t *pmd_off_k(unsigned long va) { return pmd_offset(pud_offset(p4d_offset(pgd_offset_k(va), va), va), va); } static inline pte_t *virt_to_kpte(unsigned long vaddr) { pmd_t *pmd = pmd_off_k(vaddr); return pmd_none(*pmd) ? NULL : pte_offset_kernel(pmd, vaddr); } #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_SET_ACCESS_FLAGS extern int ptep_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep, pte_t entry, int dirty); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_SET_ACCESS_FLAGS #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE extern int pmdp_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t entry, int dirty); extern int pudp_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp, pud_t entry, int dirty); #else static inline int pmdp_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t entry, int dirty) { BUILD_BUG(); return 0; } static inline int pudp_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp, pud_t entry, int dirty) { BUILD_BUG(); return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_TEST_AND_CLEAR_YOUNG static inline int ptep_test_and_clear_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep) { pte_t pte = *ptep; int r = 1; if (!pte_young(pte)) r = 0; else set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, address, ptep, pte_mkold(pte)); return r; } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_TEST_AND_CLEAR_YOUNG #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE static inline int pmdp_test_and_clear_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp) { pmd_t pmd = *pmdp; int r = 1; if (!pmd_young(pmd)) r = 0; else set_pmd_at(vma->vm_mm, address, pmdp, pmd_mkold(pmd)); return r; } #else static inline int pmdp_test_and_clear_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp) { BUILD_BUG(); return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_CLEAR_YOUNG_FLUSH int ptep_clear_flush_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_CLEAR_YOUNG_FLUSH #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE extern int pmdp_clear_flush_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp); #else /* * Despite relevant to THP only, this API is called from generic rmap code * under PageTransHuge(), hence needs a dummy implementation for !THP */ static inline int pmdp_clear_flush_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp) { BUILD_BUG(); return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_GET_AND_CLEAR static inline pte_t ptep_get_and_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep) { pte_t pte = *ptep; pte_clear(mm, address, ptep); return pte; } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_GET static inline pte_t ptep_get(pte_t *ptep) { return READ_ONCE(*ptep); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_HUGE_GET_AND_CLEAR static inline pmd_t pmdp_huge_get_and_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp) { pmd_t pmd = *pmdp; pmd_clear(pmdp); return pmd; } #endif /* __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_HUGE_GET_AND_CLEAR */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PUDP_HUGE_GET_AND_CLEAR static inline pud_t pudp_huge_get_and_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp) { pud_t pud = *pudp; pud_clear(pudp); return pud; } #endif /* __HAVE_ARCH_PUDP_HUGE_GET_AND_CLEAR */ #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_HUGE_GET_AND_CLEAR_FULL static inline pmd_t pmdp_huge_get_and_clear_full(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp, int full) { return pmdp_huge_get_and_clear(vma->vm_mm, address, pmdp); } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PUDP_HUGE_GET_AND_CLEAR_FULL static inline pud_t pudp_huge_get_and_clear_full(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp, int full) { return pudp_huge_get_and_clear(mm, address, pudp); } #endif #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_GET_AND_CLEAR_FULL static inline pte_t ptep_get_and_clear_full(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep, int full) { pte_t pte; pte = ptep_get_and_clear(mm, address, ptep); return pte; } #endif /* * If two threads concurrently fault at the same page, the thread that * won the race updates the PTE and its local TLB/Cache. The other thread * gives up, simply does nothing, and continues; on architectures where * software can update TLB, local TLB can be updated here to avoid next page * fault. This function updates TLB only, do nothing with cache or others. * It is the difference with function update_mmu_cache. */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_UPDATE_MMU_TLB static inline void update_mmu_tlb(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep) { } #define __HAVE_ARCH_UPDATE_MMU_TLB #endif /* * Some architectures may be able to avoid expensive synchronization * primitives when modifications are made to PTE's which are already * not present, or in the process of an address space destruction. */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_CLEAR_NOT_PRESENT_FULL static inline void pte_clear_not_present_full(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep, int full) { pte_clear(mm, address, ptep); } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_CLEAR_FLUSH extern pte_t ptep_clear_flush(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_HUGE_CLEAR_FLUSH extern pmd_t pmdp_huge_clear_flush(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp); extern pud_t pudp_huge_clear_flush(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_SET_WRPROTECT struct mm_struct; static inline void ptep_set_wrprotect(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep) { pte_t old_pte = *ptep; set_pte_at(mm, address, ptep, pte_wrprotect(old_pte)); } #endif /* * On some architectures hardware does not set page access bit when accessing * memory page, it is responsibilty of software setting this bit. It brings * out extra page fault penalty to track page access bit. For optimization page * access bit can be set during all page fault flow on these arches. * To be differentiate with macro pte_mkyoung, this macro is used on platforms * where software maintains page access bit. */ #ifndef pte_sw_mkyoung static inline pte_t pte_sw_mkyoung(pte_t pte) { return pte; } #define pte_sw_mkyoung pte_sw_mkyoung #endif #ifndef pte_savedwrite #define pte_savedwrite pte_write #endif #ifndef pte_mk_savedwrite #define pte_mk_savedwrite pte_mkwrite #endif #ifndef pte_clear_savedwrite #define pte_clear_savedwrite pte_wrprotect #endif #ifndef pmd_savedwrite #define pmd_savedwrite pmd_write #endif #ifndef pmd_mk_savedwrite #define pmd_mk_savedwrite pmd_mkwrite #endif #ifndef pmd_clear_savedwrite #define pmd_clear_savedwrite pmd_wrprotect #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_SET_WRPROTECT #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE static inline void pmdp_set_wrprotect(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp) { pmd_t old_pmd = *pmdp; set_pmd_at(mm, address, pmdp, pmd_wrprotect(old_pmd)); } #else static inline void pmdp_set_wrprotect(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp) { BUILD_BUG(); } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PUDP_SET_WRPROTECT #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD static inline void pudp_set_wrprotect(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp) { pud_t old_pud = *pudp; set_pud_at(mm, address, pudp, pud_wrprotect(old_pud)); } #else static inline void pudp_set_wrprotect(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp) { BUILD_BUG(); } #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD */ #endif #ifndef pmdp_collapse_flush #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE extern pmd_t pmdp_collapse_flush(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp); #else static inline pmd_t pmdp_collapse_flush(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp) { BUILD_BUG(); return *pmdp; } #define pmdp_collapse_flush pmdp_collapse_flush #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PGTABLE_DEPOSIT extern void pgtable_trans_huge_deposit(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmdp, pgtable_t pgtable); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PGTABLE_WITHDRAW extern pgtable_t pgtable_trans_huge_withdraw(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmdp); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE /* * This is an implementation of pmdp_establish() that is only suitable for an * architecture that doesn't have hardware dirty/accessed bits. In this case we * can't race with CPU which sets these bits and non-atomic aproach is fine. */ static inline pmd_t generic_pmdp_establish(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t pmd) { pmd_t old_pmd = *pmdp; set_pmd_at(vma->vm_mm, address, pmdp, pmd); return old_pmd; } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_INVALIDATE extern pmd_t pmdp_invalidate(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_SAME static inline int pte_same(pte_t pte_a, pte_t pte_b) { return pte_val(pte_a) == pte_val(pte_b); } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_UNUSED /* * Some architectures provide facilities to virtualization guests * so that they can flag allocated pages as unused. This allows the * host to transparently reclaim unused pages. This function returns * whether the pte's page is unused. */ static inline int pte_unused(pte_t pte) { return 0; } #endif #ifndef pte_access_permitted #define pte_access_permitted(pte, write) \ (pte_present(pte) && (!(write) || pte_write(pte))) #endif #ifndef pmd_access_permitted #define pmd_access_permitted(pmd, write) \ (pmd_present(pmd) && (!(write) || pmd_write(pmd))) #endif #ifndef pud_access_permitted #define pud_access_permitted(pud, write) \ (pud_present(pud) && (!(write) || pud_write(pud))) #endif #ifndef p4d_access_permitted #define p4d_access_permitted(p4d, write) \ (p4d_present(p4d) && (!(write) || p4d_write(p4d))) #endif #ifndef pgd_access_permitted #define pgd_access_permitted(pgd, write) \ (pgd_present(pgd) && (!(write) || pgd_write(pgd))) #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMD_SAME static inline int pmd_same(pmd_t pmd_a, pmd_t pmd_b) { return pmd_val(pmd_a) == pmd_val(pmd_b); } static inline int pud_same(pud_t pud_a, pud_t pud_b) { return pud_val(pud_a) == pud_val(pud_b); } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_P4D_SAME static inline int p4d_same(p4d_t p4d_a, p4d_t p4d_b) { return p4d_val(p4d_a) == p4d_val(p4d_b); } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PGD_SAME static inline int pgd_same(pgd_t pgd_a, pgd_t pgd_b) { return pgd_val(pgd_a) == pgd_val(pgd_b); } #endif /* * Use set_p*_safe(), and elide TLB flushing, when confident that *no* * TLB flush will be required as a result of the "set". For example, use * in scenarios where it is known ahead of time that the routine is * setting non-present entries, or re-setting an existing entry to the * same value. Otherwise, use the typical "set" helpers and flush the * TLB. */ #define set_pte_safe(ptep, pte) \ ({ \ WARN_ON_ONCE(pte_present(*ptep) && !pte_same(*ptep, pte)); \ set_pte(ptep, pte); \ }) #define set_pmd_safe(pmdp, pmd) \ ({ \ WARN_ON_ONCE(pmd_present(*pmdp) && !pmd_same(*pmdp, pmd)); \ set_pmd(pmdp, pmd); \ }) #define set_pud_safe(pudp, pud) \ ({ \ WARN_ON_ONCE(pud_present(*pudp) && !pud_same(*pudp, pud)); \ set_pud(pudp, pud); \ }) #define set_p4d_safe(p4dp, p4d) \ ({ \ WARN_ON_ONCE(p4d_present(*p4dp) && !p4d_same(*p4dp, p4d)); \ set_p4d(p4dp, p4d); \ }) #define set_pgd_safe(pgdp, pgd) \ ({ \ WARN_ON_ONCE(pgd_present(*pgdp) && !pgd_same(*pgdp, pgd)); \ set_pgd(pgdp, pgd); \ }) #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_DO_SWAP_PAGE /* * Some architectures support metadata associated with a page. When a * page is being swapped out, this metadata must be saved so it can be * restored when the page is swapped back in. SPARC M7 and newer * processors support an ADI (Application Data Integrity) tag for the * page as metadata for the page. arch_do_swap_page() can restore this * metadata when a page is swapped back in. */ static inline void arch_do_swap_page(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte, pte_t oldpte) { } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_UNMAP_ONE /* * Some architectures support metadata associated with a page. When a * page is being swapped out, this metadata must be saved so it can be * restored when the page is swapped back in. SPARC M7 and newer * processors support an ADI (Application Data Integrity) tag for the * page as metadata for the page. arch_unmap_one() can save this * metadata on a swap-out of a page. */ static inline int arch_unmap_one(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t orig_pte) { return 0; } #endif /* * Allow architectures to preserve additional metadata associated with * swapped-out pages. The corresponding __HAVE_ARCH_SWAP_* macros and function * prototypes must be defined in the arch-specific asm/pgtable.h file. */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PREPARE_TO_SWAP static inline int arch_prepare_to_swap(struct page *page) { return 0; } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_SWAP_INVALIDATE static inline void arch_swap_invalidate_page(int type, pgoff_t offset) { } static inline void arch_swap_invalidate_area(int type) { } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_SWAP_RESTORE static inline void arch_swap_restore(swp_entry_t entry, struct page *page) { } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PGD_OFFSET_GATE #define pgd_offset_gate(mm, addr) pgd_offset(mm, addr) #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_MOVE_PTE #define move_pte(pte, prot, old_addr, new_addr) (pte) #endif #ifndef pte_accessible # define pte_accessible(mm, pte) ((void)(pte), 1) #endif #ifndef flush_tlb_fix_spurious_fault #define flush_tlb_fix_spurious_fault(vma, address) flush_tlb_page(vma, address) #endif /* * When walking page tables, get the address of the next boundary, * or the end address of the range if that comes earlier. Although no * vma end wraps to 0, rounded up __boundary may wrap to 0 throughout. */ #define pgd_addr_end(addr, end) \ ({ unsigned long __boundary = ((addr) + PGDIR_SIZE) & PGDIR_MASK; \ (__boundary - 1 < (end) - 1)? __boundary: (end); \ }) #ifndef p4d_addr_end #define p4d_addr_end(addr, end) \ ({ unsigned long __boundary = ((addr) + P4D_SIZE) & P4D_MASK; \ (__boundary - 1 < (end) - 1)? __boundary: (end); \ }) #endif #ifndef pud_addr_end #define pud_addr_end(addr, end) \ ({ unsigned long __boundary = ((addr) + PUD_SIZE) & PUD_MASK; \ (__boundary - 1 < (end) - 1)? __boundary: (end); \ }) #endif #ifndef pmd_addr_end #define pmd_addr_end(addr, end) \ ({ unsigned long __boundary = ((addr) + PMD_SIZE) & PMD_MASK; \ (__boundary - 1 < (end) - 1)? __boundary: (end); \ }) #endif /* * When walking page tables, we usually want to skip any p?d_none entries; * and any p?d_bad entries - reporting the error before resetting to none. * Do the tests inline, but report and clear the bad entry in mm/memory.c. */ void pgd_clear_bad(pgd_t *); #ifndef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED void p4d_clear_bad(p4d_t *); #else #define p4d_clear_bad(p4d) do { } while (0) #endif #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED void pud_clear_bad(pud_t *); #else #define pud_clear_bad(p4d) do { } while (0) #endif void pmd_clear_bad(pmd_t *); static inline int pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd_t *pgd) { if (pgd_none(*pgd)) return 1; if (unlikely(pgd_bad(*pgd))) { pgd_clear_bad(pgd); return 1; } return 0; } static inline int p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d_t *p4d) { if (p4d_none(*p4d)) return 1; if (unlikely(p4d_bad(*p4d))) { p4d_clear_bad(p4d); return 1; } return 0; } static inline int pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud_t *pud) { if (pud_none(*pud)) return 1; if (unlikely(pud_bad(*pud))) { pud_clear_bad(pud); return 1; } return 0; } static inline int pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd_t *pmd) { if (pmd_none(*pmd)) return 1; if (unlikely(pmd_bad(*pmd))) { pmd_clear_bad(pmd); return 1; } return 0; } static inline pte_t __ptep_modify_prot_start(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep) { /* * Get the current pte state, but zero it out to make it * non-present, preventing the hardware from asynchronously * updating it. */ return ptep_get_and_clear(vma->vm_mm, addr, ptep); } static inline void __ptep_modify_prot_commit(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte) { /* * The pte is non-present, so there's no hardware state to * preserve. */ set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, addr, ptep, pte); } #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_MODIFY_PROT_TRANSACTION /* * Start a pte protection read-modify-write transaction, which * protects against asynchronous hardware modifications to the pte. * The intention is not to prevent the hardware from making pte * updates, but to prevent any updates it may make from being lost. * * This does not protect against other software modifications of the * pte; the appropriate pte lock must be held over the transation. * * Note that this interface is intended to be batchable, meaning that * ptep_modify_prot_commit may not actually update the pte, but merely * queue the update to be done at some later time. The update must be * actually committed before the pte lock is released, however. */ static inline pte_t ptep_modify_prot_start(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep) { return __ptep_modify_prot_start(vma, addr, ptep); } /* * Commit an update to a pte, leaving any hardware-controlled bits in * the PTE unmodified. */ static inline void ptep_modify_prot_commit(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep, pte_t old_pte, pte_t pte) { __ptep_modify_prot_commit(vma, addr, ptep, pte); } #endif /* __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_MODIFY_PROT_TRANSACTION */ #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ /* * No-op macros that just return the current protection value. Defined here * because these macros can be used even if CONFIG_MMU is not defined. */ #ifndef pgprot_nx #define pgprot_nx(prot) (prot) #endif #ifndef pgprot_noncached #define pgprot_noncached(prot) (prot) #endif #ifndef pgprot_writecombine #define pgprot_writecombine pgprot_noncached #endif #ifndef pgprot_writethrough #define pgprot_writethrough pgprot_noncached #endif #ifndef pgprot_device #define pgprot_device pgprot_noncached #endif #ifndef pgprot_mhp #define pgprot_mhp(prot) (prot) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MMU #ifndef pgprot_modify #define pgprot_modify pgprot_modify static inline pgprot_t pgprot_modify(pgprot_t oldprot, pgprot_t newprot) { if (pgprot_val(oldprot) == pgprot_val(pgprot_noncached(oldprot))) newprot = pgprot_noncached(newprot); if (pgprot_val(oldprot) == pgprot_val(pgprot_writecombine(oldprot))) newprot = pgprot_writecombine(newprot); if (pgprot_val(oldprot) == pgprot_val(pgprot_device(oldprot))) newprot = pgprot_device(newprot); return newprot; } #endif #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ #ifndef pgprot_encrypted #define pgprot_encrypted(prot) (prot) #endif #ifndef pgprot_decrypted #define pgprot_decrypted(prot) (prot) #endif /* * A facility to provide lazy MMU batching. This allows PTE updates and * page invalidations to be delayed until a call to leave lazy MMU mode * is issued. Some architectures may benefit from doing this, and it is * beneficial for both shadow and direct mode hypervisors, which may batch * the PTE updates which happen during this window. Note that using this * interface requires that read hazards be removed from the code. A read * hazard could result in the direct mode hypervisor case, since the actual * write to the page tables may not yet have taken place, so reads though * a raw PTE pointer after it has been modified are not guaranteed to be * up to date. This mode can only be entered and left under the protection of * the page table locks for all page tables which may be modified. In the UP * case, this is required so that preemption is disabled, and in the SMP case, * it must synchronize the delayed page table writes properly on other CPUs. */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_ENTER_LAZY_MMU_MODE #define arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode() do {} while (0) #define arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode() do {} while (0) #define arch_flush_lazy_mmu_mode() do {} while (0) #endif /* * A facility to provide batching of the reload of page tables and * other process state with the actual context switch code for * paravirtualized guests. By convention, only one of the batched * update (lazy) modes (CPU, MMU) should be active at any given time, * entry should never be nested, and entry and exits should always be * paired. This is for sanity of maintaining and reasoning about the * kernel code. In this case, the exit (end of the context switch) is * in architecture-specific code, and so doesn't need a generic * definition. */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_START_CONTEXT_SWITCH #define arch_start_context_switch(prev) do {} while (0) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_SOFT_DIRTY #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_ENABLE_THP_MIGRATION static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_mksoft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd; } static inline int pmd_swp_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_clear_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd; } #endif #else /* !CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_SOFT_DIRTY */ static inline int pte_soft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return 0; } static inline int pmd_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } static inline pte_t pte_mksoft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte; } static inline pmd_t pmd_mksoft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd; } static inline pte_t pte_clear_soft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte; } static inline pmd_t pmd_clear_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd; } static inline pte_t pte_swp_mksoft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte; } static inline int pte_swp_soft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return 0; } static inline pte_t pte_swp_clear_soft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte; } static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_mksoft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd; } static inline int pmd_swp_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_clear_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd; } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_PFNMAP_TRACKING /* * Interfaces that can be used by architecture code to keep track of * memory type of pfn mappings specified by the remap_pfn_range, * vmf_insert_pfn. */ /* * track_pfn_remap is called when a _new_ pfn mapping is being established * by remap_pfn_range() for physical range indicated by pfn and size. */ static inline int track_pfn_remap(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgprot_t *prot, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size) { return 0; } /* * track_pfn_insert is called when a _new_ single pfn is established * by vmf_insert_pfn(). */ static inline void track_pfn_insert(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgprot_t *prot, pfn_t pfn) { } /* * track_pfn_copy is called when vma that is covering the pfnmap gets * copied through copy_page_range(). */ static inline int track_pfn_copy(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return 0; } /* * untrack_pfn is called while unmapping a pfnmap for a region. * untrack can be called for a specific region indicated by pfn and size or * can be for the entire vma (in which case pfn, size are zero). */ static inline void untrack_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size) { } /* * untrack_pfn_moved is called while mremapping a pfnmap for a new region. */ static inline void untrack_pfn_moved(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { } #else extern int track_pfn_remap(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgprot_t *prot, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size); extern void track_pfn_insert(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgprot_t *prot, pfn_t pfn); extern int track_pfn_copy(struct vm_area_struct *vma); extern void untrack_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size); extern void untrack_pfn_moved(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #endif #ifdef __HAVE_COLOR_ZERO_PAGE static inline int is_zero_pfn(unsigned long pfn) { extern unsigned long zero_pfn; unsigned long offset_from_zero_pfn = pfn - zero_pfn; return offset_from_zero_pfn <= (zero_page_mask >> PAGE_SHIFT); } #define my_zero_pfn(addr) page_to_pfn(ZERO_PAGE(addr)) #else static inline int is_zero_pfn(unsigned long pfn) { extern unsigned long zero_pfn; return pfn == zero_pfn; } static inline unsigned long my_zero_pfn(unsigned long addr) { extern unsigned long zero_pfn; return zero_pfn; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MMU #ifndef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE static inline int pmd_trans_huge(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } #ifndef pmd_write static inline int pmd_write(pmd_t pmd) { BUG(); return 0; } #endif /* pmd_write */ #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #ifndef pud_write static inline int pud_write(pud_t pud) { BUG(); return 0; } #endif /* pud_write */ #if !defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_DEVMAP) || !defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) static inline int pmd_devmap(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } static inline int pud_devmap(pud_t pud) { return 0; } static inline int pgd_devmap(pgd_t pgd) { return 0; } #endif #if !defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) || \ (defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && \ !defined(CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD)) static inline int pud_trans_huge(pud_t pud) { return 0; } #endif /* See pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad for discussion. */ static inline int pud_none_or_trans_huge_or_dev_or_clear_bad(pud_t *pud) { pud_t pudval = READ_ONCE(*pud); if (pud_none(pudval) || pud_trans_huge(pudval) || pud_devmap(pudval)) return 1; if (unlikely(pud_bad(pudval))) { pud_clear_bad(pud); return 1; } return 0; } /* See pmd_trans_unstable for discussion. */ static inline int pud_trans_unstable(pud_t *pud) { #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && \ defined(CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD) return pud_none_or_trans_huge_or_dev_or_clear_bad(pud); #else return 0; #endif } #ifndef pmd_read_atomic static inline pmd_t pmd_read_atomic(pmd_t *pmdp) { /* * Depend on compiler for an atomic pmd read. NOTE: this is * only going to work, if the pmdval_t isn't larger than * an unsigned long. */ return *pmdp; } #endif #ifndef arch_needs_pgtable_deposit #define arch_needs_pgtable_deposit() (false) #endif /* * This function is meant to be used by sites walking pagetables with * the mmap_lock held in read mode to protect against MADV_DONTNEED and * transhuge page faults. MADV_DONTNEED can convert a transhuge pmd * into a null pmd and the transhuge page fault can convert a null pmd * into an hugepmd or into a regular pmd (if the hugepage allocation * fails). While holding the mmap_lock in read mode the pmd becomes * stable and stops changing under us only if it's not null and not a * transhuge pmd. When those races occurs and this function makes a * difference vs the standard pmd_none_or_clear_bad, the result is * undefined so behaving like if the pmd was none is safe (because it * can return none anyway). The compiler level barrier() is critically * important to compute the two checks atomically on the same pmdval. * * For 32bit kernels with a 64bit large pmd_t this automatically takes * care of reading the pmd atomically to avoid SMP race conditions * against pmd_populate() when the mmap_lock is hold for reading by the * caller (a special atomic read not done by "gcc" as in the generic * version above, is also needed when THP is disabled because the page * fault can populate the pmd from under us). */ static inline int pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(pmd_t *pmd) { pmd_t pmdval = pmd_read_atomic(pmd); /* * The barrier will stabilize the pmdval in a register or on * the stack so that it will stop changing under the code. * * When CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE=y on x86 32bit PAE, * pmd_read_atomic is allowed to return a not atomic pmdval * (for example pointing to an hugepage that has never been * mapped in the pmd). The below checks will only care about * the low part of the pmd with 32bit PAE x86 anyway, with the * exception of pmd_none(). So the important thing is that if * the low part of the pmd is found null, the high part will * be also null or the pmd_none() check below would be * confused. */ #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE barrier(); #endif /* * !pmd_present() checks for pmd migration entries * * The complete check uses is_pmd_migration_entry() in linux/swapops.h * But using that requires moving current function and pmd_trans_unstable() * to linux/swapops.h to resovle dependency, which is too much code move. * * !pmd_present() is equivalent to is_pmd_migration_entry() currently, * because !pmd_present() pages can only be under migration not swapped * out. * * pmd_none() is preseved for future condition checks on pmd migration * entries and not confusing with this function name, although it is * redundant with !pmd_present(). */ if (pmd_none(pmdval) || pmd_trans_huge(pmdval) || (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_ENABLE_THP_MIGRATION) && !pmd_present(pmdval))) return 1; if (unlikely(pmd_bad(pmdval))) { pmd_clear_bad(pmd); return 1; } return 0; } /* * This is a noop if Transparent Hugepage Support is not built into * the kernel. Otherwise it is equivalent to * pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(), and shall only be called in * places that already verified the pmd is not none and they want to * walk ptes while holding the mmap sem in read mode (write mode don't * need this). If THP is not enabled, the pmd can't go away under the * code even if MADV_DONTNEED runs, but if THP is enabled we need to * run a pmd_trans_unstable before walking the ptes after * split_huge_pmd returns (because it may have run when the pmd become * null, but then a page fault can map in a THP and not a regular page). */ static inline int pmd_trans_unstable(pmd_t *pmd) { #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE return pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(pmd); #else return 0; #endif } #ifndef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING /* * Technically a PTE can be PROTNONE even when not doing NUMA balancing but * the only case the kernel cares is for NUMA balancing and is only ever set * when the VMA is accessible. For PROT_NONE VMAs, the PTEs are not marked * _PAGE_PROTNONE so by default, implement the helper as "always no". It * is the responsibility of the caller to distinguish between PROT_NONE * protections and NUMA hinting fault protections. */ static inline int pte_protnone(pte_t pte) { return 0; } static inline int pmd_protnone(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_VMAP #ifndef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED int p4d_set_huge(p4d_t *p4d, phys_addr_t addr, pgprot_t prot); int p4d_clear_huge(p4d_t *p4d); #else static inline int p4d_set_huge(p4d_t *p4d, phys_addr_t addr, pgprot_t prot) { return 0; } static inline int p4d_clear_huge(p4d_t *p4d) { return 0; } #endif /* !__PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED */ int pud_set_huge(pud_t *pud, phys_addr_t addr, pgprot_t prot); int pmd_set_huge(pmd_t *pmd, phys_addr_t addr, pgprot_t prot); int pud_clear_huge(pud_t *pud); int pmd_clear_huge(pmd_t *pmd); int p4d_free_pud_page(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr); int pud_free_pmd_page(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr); int pmd_free_pte_page(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr); #else /* !CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_VMAP */ static inline int p4d_set_huge(p4d_t *p4d, phys_addr_t addr, pgprot_t prot) { return 0; } static inline int pud_set_huge(pud_t *pud, phys_addr_t addr, pgprot_t prot) { return 0; } static inline int pmd_set_huge(pmd_t *pmd, phys_addr_t addr, pgprot_t prot) { return 0; } static inline int p4d_clear_huge(p4d_t *p4d) { return 0; } static inline int pud_clear_huge(pud_t *pud) { return 0; } static inline int pmd_clear_huge(pmd_t *pmd) { return 0; } static inline int p4d_free_pud_page(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr) { return 0; } static inline int pud_free_pmd_page(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr) { return 0; } static inline int pmd_free_pte_page(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_VMAP */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_FLUSH_PMD_TLB_RANGE #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE /* * ARCHes with special requirements for evicting THP backing TLB entries can * implement this. Otherwise also, it can help optimize normal TLB flush in * THP regime. Stock flush_tlb_range() typically has optimization to nuke the * entire TLB if flush span is greater than a threshold, which will * likely be true for a single huge page. Thus a single THP flush will * invalidate the entire TLB which is not desirable. * e.g. see arch/arc: flush_pmd_tlb_range */ #define flush_pmd_tlb_range(vma, addr, end) flush_tlb_range(vma, addr, end) #define flush_pud_tlb_range(vma, addr, end) flush_tlb_range(vma, addr, end) #else #define flush_pmd_tlb_range(vma, addr, end) BUILD_BUG() #define flush_pud_tlb_range(vma, addr, end) BUILD_BUG() #endif #endif struct file; int phys_mem_access_prot_allowed(struct file *file, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t *vma_prot); #ifndef CONFIG_X86_ESPFIX64 static inline void init_espfix_bsp(void) { } #endif extern void __init pgtable_cache_init(void); #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PFN_MODIFY_ALLOWED static inline bool pfn_modify_allowed(unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { return true; } static inline bool arch_has_pfn_modify_check(void) { return false; } #endif /* !_HAVE_ARCH_PFN_MODIFY_ALLOWED */ /* * Architecture PAGE_KERNEL_* fallbacks * * Some architectures don't define certain PAGE_KERNEL_* flags. This is either * because they really don't support them, or the port needs to be updated to * reflect the required functionality. Below are a set of relatively safe * fallbacks, as best effort, which we can count on in lieu of the architectures * not defining them on their own yet. */ #ifndef PAGE_KERNEL_RO # define PAGE_KERNEL_RO PAGE_KERNEL #endif #ifndef PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC # define PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC PAGE_KERNEL #endif /* * Page Table Modification bits for pgtbl_mod_mask. * * These are used by the p?d_alloc_track*() set of functions an in the generic * vmalloc/ioremap code to track at which page-table levels entries have been * modified. Based on that the code can better decide when vmalloc and ioremap * mapping changes need to be synchronized to other page-tables in the system. */ #define __PGTBL_PGD_MODIFIED 0 #define __PGTBL_P4D_MODIFIED 1 #define __PGTBL_PUD_MODIFIED 2 #define __PGTBL_PMD_MODIFIED 3 #define __PGTBL_PTE_MODIFIED 4 #define PGTBL_PGD_MODIFIED BIT(__PGTBL_PGD_MODIFIED) #define PGTBL_P4D_MODIFIED BIT(__PGTBL_P4D_MODIFIED) #define PGTBL_PUD_MODIFIED BIT(__PGTBL_PUD_MODIFIED) #define PGTBL_PMD_MODIFIED BIT(__PGTBL_PMD_MODIFIED) #define PGTBL_PTE_MODIFIED BIT(__PGTBL_PTE_MODIFIED) /* Page-Table Modification Mask */ typedef unsigned int pgtbl_mod_mask; #endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */ #if !defined(MAX_POSSIBLE_PHYSMEM_BITS) && !defined(CONFIG_64BIT) #ifdef CONFIG_PHYS_ADDR_T_64BIT /* * ZSMALLOC needs to know the highest PFN on 32-bit architectures * with physical address space extension, but falls back to * BITS_PER_LONG otherwise. */ #error Missing MAX_POSSIBLE_PHYSMEM_BITS definition #else #define MAX_POSSIBLE_PHYSMEM_BITS 32 #endif #endif #ifndef has_transparent_hugepage #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE #define has_transparent_hugepage() 1 #else #define has_transparent_hugepage() 0 #endif #endif /* * On some architectures it depends on the mm if the p4d/pud or pmd * layer of the page table hierarchy is folded or not. */ #ifndef mm_p4d_folded #define mm_p4d_folded(mm) __is_defined(__PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED) #endif #ifndef mm_pud_folded #define mm_pud_folded(mm) __is_defined(__PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED) #endif #ifndef mm_pmd_folded #define mm_pmd_folded(mm) __is_defined(__PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED) #endif #ifndef p4d_offset_lockless #define p4d_offset_lockless(pgdp, pgd, address) p4d_offset(&(pgd), address) #endif #ifndef pud_offset_lockless #define pud_offset_lockless(p4dp, p4d, address) pud_offset(&(p4d), address) #endif #ifndef pmd_offset_lockless #define pmd_offset_lockless(pudp, pud, address) pmd_offset(&(pud), address) #endif /* * p?d_leaf() - true if this entry is a final mapping to a physical address. * This differs from p?d_huge() by the fact that they are always available (if * the architecture supports large pages at the appropriate level) even * if CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE is not defined. * Only meaningful when called on a valid entry. */ #ifndef pgd_leaf #define pgd_leaf(x) 0 #endif #ifndef p4d_leaf #define p4d_leaf(x) 0 #endif #ifndef pud_leaf #define pud_leaf(x) 0 #endif #ifndef pmd_leaf #define pmd_leaf(x) 0 #endif #endif /* _LINUX_PGTABLE_H */
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2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036 2037 2038 2039 2040 2041 2042 2043 2044 2045 2046 2047 2048 2049 2050 2051 2052 2053 2054 2055 2056 2057 2058 2059 2060 2061 2062 2063 2064 2065 2066 2067 2068 2069 2070 2071 2072 2073 2074 2075 2076 2077 2078 2079 2080 2081 2082 2083 2084 2085 2086 2087 2088 2089 2090 2091 2092 2093 2094 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_H #define _LINUX_SCHED_H /* * Define 'struct task_struct' and provide the main scheduler * APIs (schedule(), wakeup variants, etc.) */ #include <uapi/linux/sched.h> #include <asm/current.h> #include <linux/pid.h> #include <linux/sem.h> #include <linux/shm.h> #include <linux/kcov.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/plist.h> #include <linux/hrtimer.h> #include <linux/irqflags.h> #include <linux/seccomp.h> #include <linux/nodemask.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/resource.h> #include <linux/latencytop.h> #include <linux/sched/prio.h> #include <linux/sched/types.h> #include <linux/signal_types.h> #include <linux/mm_types_task.h> #include <linux/task_io_accounting.h> #include <linux/posix-timers.h> #include <linux/rseq.h> #include <linux/seqlock.h> #include <linux/kcsan.h> /* task_struct member predeclarations (sorted alphabetically): */ struct audit_context; struct backing_dev_info; struct bio_list; struct blk_plug; struct capture_control; struct cfs_rq; struct fs_struct; struct futex_pi_state; struct io_context; struct mempolicy; struct nameidata; struct nsproxy; struct perf_event_context; struct pid_namespace; struct pipe_inode_info; struct rcu_node; struct reclaim_state; struct robust_list_head; struct root_domain; struct rq; struct sched_attr; struct sched_param; struct seq_file; struct sighand_struct; struct signal_struct; struct task_delay_info; struct task_group; struct io_uring_task; /* * Task state bitmask. NOTE! These bits are also * encoded in fs/proc/array.c: get_task_state(). * * We have two separate sets of flags: task->state * is about runnability, while task->exit_state are * about the task exiting. Confusing, but this way * modifying one set can't modify the other one by * mistake. */ /* Used in tsk->state: */ #define TASK_RUNNING 0x0000 #define TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE 0x0001 #define TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE 0x0002 #define __TASK_STOPPED 0x0004 #define __TASK_TRACED 0x0008 /* Used in tsk->exit_state: */ #define EXIT_DEAD 0x0010 #define EXIT_ZOMBIE 0x0020 #define EXIT_TRACE (EXIT_ZOMBIE | EXIT_DEAD) /* Used in tsk->state again: */ #define TASK_PARKED 0x0040 #define TASK_DEAD 0x0080 #define TASK_WAKEKILL 0x0100 #define TASK_WAKING 0x0200 #define TASK_NOLOAD 0x0400 #define TASK_NEW 0x0800 #define TASK_STATE_MAX 0x1000 /* Convenience macros for the sake of set_current_state: */ #define TASK_KILLABLE (TASK_WAKEKILL | TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE) #define TASK_STOPPED (TASK_WAKEKILL | __TASK_STOPPED) #define TASK_TRACED (TASK_WAKEKILL | __TASK_TRACED) #define TASK_IDLE (TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE | TASK_NOLOAD) /* Convenience macros for the sake of wake_up(): */ #define TASK_NORMAL (TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE | TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE) /* get_task_state(): */ #define TASK_REPORT (TASK_RUNNING | TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE | \ TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE | __TASK_STOPPED | \ __TASK_TRACED | EXIT_DEAD | EXIT_ZOMBIE | \ TASK_PARKED) #define task_is_traced(task) ((task->state & __TASK_TRACED) != 0) #define task_is_stopped(task) ((task->state & __TASK_STOPPED) != 0) #define task_is_stopped_or_traced(task) ((task->state & (__TASK_STOPPED | __TASK_TRACED)) != 0) #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP /* * Special states are those that do not use the normal wait-loop pattern. See * the comment with set_special_state(). */ #define is_special_task_state(state) \ ((state) & (__TASK_STOPPED | __TASK_TRACED | TASK_PARKED | TASK_DEAD)) #define __set_current_state(state_value) \ do { \ WARN_ON_ONCE(is_special_task_state(state_value));\ current->task_state_change = _THIS_IP_; \ current->state = (state_value); \ } while (0) #define set_current_state(state_value) \ do { \ WARN_ON_ONCE(is_special_task_state(state_value));\ current->task_state_change = _THIS_IP_; \ smp_store_mb(current->state, (state_value)); \ } while (0) #define set_special_state(state_value) \ do { \ unsigned long flags; /* may shadow */ \ WARN_ON_ONCE(!is_special_task_state(state_value)); \ raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&current->pi_lock, flags); \ current->task_state_change = _THIS_IP_; \ current->state = (state_value); \ raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&current->pi_lock, flags); \ } while (0) #else /* * set_current_state() includes a barrier so that the write of current->state * is correctly serialised wrt the caller's subsequent test of whether to * actually sleep: * * for (;;) { * set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE); * if (CONDITION) * break; * * schedule(); * } * __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING); * * If the caller does not need such serialisation (because, for instance, the * CONDITION test and condition change and wakeup are under the same lock) then * use __set_current_state(). * * The above is typically ordered against the wakeup, which does: * * CONDITION = 1; * wake_up_state(p, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE); * * where wake_up_state()/try_to_wake_up() executes a full memory barrier before * accessing p->state. * * Wakeup will do: if (@state & p->state) p->state = TASK_RUNNING, that is, * once it observes the TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE store the waking CPU can issue a * TASK_RUNNING store which can collide with __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING). * * However, with slightly different timing the wakeup TASK_RUNNING store can * also collide with the TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE store. Losing that store is not * a problem either because that will result in one extra go around the loop * and our @cond test will save the day. * * Also see the comments of try_to_wake_up(). */ #define __set_current_state(state_value) \ current->state = (state_value) #define set_current_state(state_value) \ smp_store_mb(current->state, (state_value)) /* * set_special_state() should be used for those states when the blocking task * can not use the regular condition based wait-loop. In that case we must * serialize against wakeups such that any possible in-flight TASK_RUNNING stores * will not collide with our state change. */ #define set_special_state(state_value) \ do { \ unsigned long flags; /* may shadow */ \ raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&current->pi_lock, flags); \ current->state = (state_value); \ raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&current->pi_lock, flags); \ } while (0) #endif /* Task command name length: */ #define TASK_COMM_LEN 16 extern void scheduler_tick(void); #define MAX_SCHEDULE_TIMEOUT LONG_MAX extern long schedule_timeout(long timeout); extern long schedule_timeout_interruptible(long timeout); extern long schedule_timeout_killable(long timeout); extern long schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(long timeout); extern long schedule_timeout_idle(long timeout); asmlinkage void schedule(void); extern void schedule_preempt_disabled(void); asmlinkage void preempt_schedule_irq(void); extern int __must_check io_schedule_prepare(void); extern void io_schedule_finish(int token); extern long io_schedule_timeout(long timeout); extern void io_schedule(void); /** * struct prev_cputime - snapshot of system and user cputime * @utime: time spent in user mode * @stime: time spent in system mode * @lock: protects the above two fields * * Stores previous user/system time values such that we can guarantee * monotonicity. */ struct prev_cputime { #ifndef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE u64 utime; u64 stime; raw_spinlock_t lock; #endif }; enum vtime_state { /* Task is sleeping or running in a CPU with VTIME inactive: */ VTIME_INACTIVE = 0, /* Task is idle */ VTIME_IDLE, /* Task runs in kernelspace in a CPU with VTIME active: */ VTIME_SYS, /* Task runs in userspace in a CPU with VTIME active: */ VTIME_USER, /* Task runs as guests in a CPU with VTIME active: */ VTIME_GUEST, }; struct vtime { seqcount_t seqcount; unsigned long long starttime; enum vtime_state state; unsigned int cpu; u64 utime; u64 stime; u64 gtime; }; /* * Utilization clamp constraints. * @UCLAMP_MIN: Minimum utilization * @UCLAMP_MAX: Maximum utilization * @UCLAMP_CNT: Utilization clamp constraints count */ enum uclamp_id { UCLAMP_MIN = 0, UCLAMP_MAX, UCLAMP_CNT }; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP extern struct root_domain def_root_domain; extern struct mutex sched_domains_mutex; #endif struct sched_info { #ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_INFO /* Cumulative counters: */ /* # of times we have run on this CPU: */ unsigned long pcount; /* Time spent waiting on a runqueue: */ unsigned long long run_delay; /* Timestamps: */ /* When did we last run on a CPU? */ unsigned long long last_arrival; /* When were we last queued to run? */ unsigned long long last_queued; #endif /* CONFIG_SCHED_INFO */ }; /* * Integer metrics need fixed point arithmetic, e.g., sched/fair * has a few: load, load_avg, util_avg, freq, and capacity. * * We define a basic fixed point arithmetic range, and then formalize * all these metrics based on that basic range. */ # define SCHED_FIXEDPOINT_SHIFT 10 # define SCHED_FIXEDPOINT_SCALE (1L << SCHED_FIXEDPOINT_SHIFT) /* Increase resolution of cpu_capacity calculations */ # define SCHED_CAPACITY_SHIFT SCHED_FIXEDPOINT_SHIFT # define SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE (1L << SCHED_CAPACITY_SHIFT) struct load_weight { unsigned long weight; u32 inv_weight; }; /** * struct util_est - Estimation utilization of FAIR tasks * @enqueued: instantaneous estimated utilization of a task/cpu * @ewma: the Exponential Weighted Moving Average (EWMA) * utilization of a task * * Support data structure to track an Exponential Weighted Moving Average * (EWMA) of a FAIR task's utilization. New samples are added to the moving * average each time a task completes an activation. Sample's weight is chosen * so that the EWMA will be relatively insensitive to transient changes to the * task's workload. * * The enqueued attribute has a slightly different meaning for tasks and cpus: * - task: the task's util_avg at last task dequeue time * - cfs_rq: the sum of util_est.enqueued for each RUNNABLE task on that CPU * Thus, the util_est.enqueued of a task represents the contribution on the * estimated utilization of the CPU where that task is currently enqueued. * * Only for tasks we track a moving average of the past instantaneous * estimated utilization. This allows to absorb sporadic drops in utilization * of an otherwise almost periodic task. * * The UTIL_AVG_UNCHANGED flag is used to synchronize util_est with util_avg * updates. When a task is dequeued, its util_est should not be updated if its * util_avg has not been updated in the meantime. * This information is mapped into the MSB bit of util_est.enqueued at dequeue * time. Since max value of util_est.enqueued for a task is 1024 (PELT util_avg * for a task) it is safe to use MSB. */ struct util_est { unsigned int enqueued; unsigned int ewma; #define UTIL_EST_WEIGHT_SHIFT 2 #define UTIL_AVG_UNCHANGED 0x80000000 } __attribute__((__aligned__(sizeof(u64)))); /* * The load/runnable/util_avg accumulates an infinite geometric series * (see __update_load_avg_cfs_rq() in kernel/sched/pelt.c). * * [load_avg definition] * * load_avg = runnable% * scale_load_down(load) * * [runnable_avg definition] * * runnable_avg = runnable% * SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE * * [util_avg definition] * * util_avg = running% * SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE * * where runnable% is the time ratio that a sched_entity is runnable and * running% the time ratio that a sched_entity is running. * * For cfs_rq, they are the aggregated values of all runnable and blocked * sched_entities. * * The load/runnable/util_avg doesn't directly factor frequency scaling and CPU * capacity scaling. The scaling is done through the rq_clock_pelt that is used * for computing those signals (see update_rq_clock_pelt()) * * N.B., the above ratios (runnable% and running%) themselves are in the * range of [0, 1]. To do fixed point arithmetics, we therefore scale them * to as large a range as necessary. This is for example reflected by * util_avg's SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE. * * [Overflow issue] * * The 64-bit load_sum can have 4353082796 (=2^64/47742/88761) entities * with the highest load (=88761), always runnable on a single cfs_rq, * and should not overflow as the number already hits PID_MAX_LIMIT. * * For all other cases (including 32-bit kernels), struct load_weight's * weight will overflow first before we do, because: * * Max(load_avg) <= Max(load.weight) * * Then it is the load_weight's responsibility to consider overflow * issues. */ struct sched_avg { u64 last_update_time; u64 load_sum; u64 runnable_sum; u32 util_sum; u32 period_contrib; unsigned long load_avg; unsigned long runnable_avg; unsigned long util_avg; struct util_est util_est; } ____cacheline_aligned; struct sched_statistics { #ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS u64 wait_start; u64 wait_max; u64 wait_count; u64 wait_sum; u64 iowait_count; u64 iowait_sum; u64 sleep_start; u64 sleep_max; s64 sum_sleep_runtime; u64 block_start; u64 block_max; u64 exec_max; u64 slice_max; u64 nr_migrations_cold; u64 nr_failed_migrations_affine; u64 nr_failed_migrations_running; u64 nr_failed_migrations_hot; u64 nr_forced_migrations; u64 nr_wakeups; u64 nr_wakeups_sync; u64 nr_wakeups_migrate; u64 nr_wakeups_local; u64 nr_wakeups_remote; u64 nr_wakeups_affine; u64 nr_wakeups_affine_attempts; u64 nr_wakeups_passive; u64 nr_wakeups_idle; #endif }; struct sched_entity { /* For load-balancing: */ struct load_weight load; struct rb_node run_node; struct list_head group_node; unsigned int on_rq; u64 exec_start; u64 sum_exec_runtime; u64 vruntime; u64 prev_sum_exec_runtime; u64 nr_migrations; struct sched_statistics statistics; #ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED int depth; struct sched_entity *parent; /* rq on which this entity is (to be) queued: */ struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq; /* rq "owned" by this entity/group: */ struct cfs_rq *my_q; /* cached value of my_q->h_nr_running */ unsigned long runnable_weight; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SMP /* * Per entity load average tracking. * * Put into separate cache line so it does not * collide with read-mostly values above. */ struct sched_avg avg; #endif }; struct sched_rt_entity { struct list_head run_list; unsigned long timeout; unsigned long watchdog_stamp; unsigned int time_slice; unsigned short on_rq; unsigned short on_list; struct sched_rt_entity *back; #ifdef CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED struct sched_rt_entity *parent; /* rq on which this entity is (to be) queued: */ struct rt_rq *rt_rq; /* rq "owned" by this entity/group: */ struct rt_rq *my_q; #endif } __randomize_layout; struct sched_dl_entity { struct rb_node rb_node; /* * Original scheduling parameters. Copied here from sched_attr * during sched_setattr(), they will remain the same until * the next sched_setattr(). */ u64 dl_runtime; /* Maximum runtime for each instance */ u64 dl_deadline; /* Relative deadline of each instance */ u64 dl_period; /* Separation of two instances (period) */ u64 dl_bw; /* dl_runtime / dl_period */ u64 dl_density; /* dl_runtime / dl_deadline */ /* * Actual scheduling parameters. Initialized with the values above, * they are continuously updated during task execution. Note that * the remaining runtime could be < 0 in case we are in overrun. */ s64 runtime; /* Remaining runtime for this instance */ u64 deadline; /* Absolute deadline for this instance */ unsigned int flags; /* Specifying the scheduler behaviour */ /* * Some bool flags: * * @dl_throttled tells if we exhausted the runtime. If so, the * task has to wait for a replenishment to be performed at the * next firing of dl_timer. * * @dl_boosted tells if we are boosted due to DI. If so we are * outside bandwidth enforcement mechanism (but only until we * exit the critical section); * * @dl_yielded tells if task gave up the CPU before consuming * all its available runtime during the last job. * * @dl_non_contending tells if the task is inactive while still * contributing to the active utilization. In other words, it * indicates if the inactive timer has been armed and its handler * has not been executed yet. This flag is useful to avoid race * conditions between the inactive timer handler and the wakeup * code. * * @dl_overrun tells if the task asked to be informed about runtime * overruns. */ unsigned int dl_throttled : 1; unsigned int dl_yielded : 1; unsigned int dl_non_contending : 1; unsigned int dl_overrun : 1; /* * Bandwidth enforcement timer. Each -deadline task has its * own bandwidth to be enforced, thus we need one timer per task. */ struct hrtimer dl_timer; /* * Inactive timer, responsible for decreasing the active utilization * at the "0-lag time". When a -deadline task blocks, it contributes * to GRUB's active utilization until the "0-lag time", hence a * timer is needed to decrease the active utilization at the correct * time. */ struct hrtimer inactive_timer; #ifdef CONFIG_RT_MUTEXES /* * Priority Inheritance. When a DEADLINE scheduling entity is boosted * pi_se points to the donor, otherwise points to the dl_se it belongs * to (the original one/itself). */ struct sched_dl_entity *pi_se; #endif }; #ifdef CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK /* Number of utilization clamp buckets (shorter alias) */ #define UCLAMP_BUCKETS CONFIG_UCLAMP_BUCKETS_COUNT /* * Utilization clamp for a scheduling entity * @value: clamp value "assigned" to a se * @bucket_id: bucket index corresponding to the "assigned" value * @active: the se is currently refcounted in a rq's bucket * @user_defined: the requested clamp value comes from user-space * * The bucket_id is the index of the clamp bucket matching the clamp value * which is pre-computed and stored to avoid expensive integer divisions from * the fast path. * * The active bit is set whenever a task has got an "effective" value assigned, * which can be different from the clamp value "requested" from user-space. * This allows to know a task is refcounted in the rq's bucket corresponding * to the "effective" bucket_id. * * The user_defined bit is set whenever a task has got a task-specific clamp * value requested from userspace, i.e. the system defaults apply to this task * just as a restriction. This allows to relax default clamps when a less * restrictive task-specific value has been requested, thus allowing to * implement a "nice" semantic. For example, a task running with a 20% * default boost can still drop its own boosting to 0%. */ struct uclamp_se { unsigned int value : bits_per(SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE); unsigned int bucket_id : bits_per(UCLAMP_BUCKETS); unsigned int active : 1; unsigned int user_defined : 1; }; #endif /* CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK */ union rcu_special { struct { u8 blocked; u8 need_qs; u8 exp_hint; /* Hint for performance. */ u8 need_mb; /* Readers need smp_mb(). */ } b; /* Bits. */ u32 s; /* Set of bits. */ }; enum perf_event_task_context { perf_invalid_context = -1, perf_hw_context = 0, perf_sw_context, perf_nr_task_contexts, }; struct wake_q_node { struct wake_q_node *next; }; struct task_struct { #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK /* * For reasons of header soup (see current_thread_info()), this * must be the first element of task_struct. */ struct thread_info thread_info; #endif /* -1 unrunnable, 0 runnable, >0 stopped: */ volatile long state; /* * This begins the randomizable portion of task_struct. Only * scheduling-critical items should be added above here. */ randomized_struct_fields_start void *stack; refcount_t usage; /* Per task flags (PF_*), defined further below: */ unsigned int flags; unsigned int ptrace; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP int on_cpu; struct __call_single_node wake_entry; #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK /* Current CPU: */ unsigned int cpu; #endif unsigned int wakee_flips; unsigned long wakee_flip_decay_ts; struct task_struct *last_wakee; /* * recent_used_cpu is initially set as the last CPU used by a task * that wakes affine another task. Waker/wakee relationships can * push tasks around a CPU where each wakeup moves to the next one. * Tracking a recently used CPU allows a quick search for a recently * used CPU that may be idle. */ int recent_used_cpu; int wake_cpu; #endif int on_rq; int prio; int static_prio; int normal_prio; unsigned int rt_priority; const struct sched_class *sched_class; struct sched_entity se; struct sched_rt_entity rt; #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_SCHED struct task_group *sched_task_group; #endif struct sched_dl_entity dl; #ifdef CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK /* * Clamp values requested for a scheduling entity. * Must be updated with task_rq_lock() held. */ struct uclamp_se uclamp_req[UCLAMP_CNT]; /* * Effective clamp values used for a scheduling entity. * Must be updated with task_rq_lock() held. */ struct uclamp_se uclamp[UCLAMP_CNT]; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_NOTIFIERS /* List of struct preempt_notifier: */ struct hlist_head preempt_notifiers; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_IO_TRACE unsigned int btrace_seq; #endif unsigned int policy; int nr_cpus_allowed; const cpumask_t *cpus_ptr; cpumask_t cpus_mask; #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU int rcu_read_lock_nesting; union rcu_special rcu_read_unlock_special; struct list_head rcu_node_entry; struct rcu_node *rcu_blocked_node; #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU */ #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU unsigned long rcu_tasks_nvcsw; u8 rcu_tasks_holdout; u8 rcu_tasks_idx; int rcu_tasks_idle_cpu; struct list_head rcu_tasks_holdout_list; #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU */ #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_TRACE_RCU int trc_reader_nesting; int trc_ipi_to_cpu; union rcu_special trc_reader_special; bool trc_reader_checked; struct list_head trc_holdout_list; #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_TRACE_RCU */ struct sched_info sched_info; struct list_head tasks; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP struct plist_node pushable_tasks; struct rb_node pushable_dl_tasks; #endif struct mm_struct *mm; struct mm_struct *active_mm; /* Per-thread vma caching: */ struct vmacache vmacache; #ifdef SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING struct task_rss_stat rss_stat; #endif int exit_state; int exit_code; int exit_signal; /* The signal sent when the parent dies: */ int pdeath_signal; /* JOBCTL_*, siglock protected: */ unsigned long jobctl; /* Used for emulating ABI behavior of previous Linux versions: */ unsigned int personality; /* Scheduler bits, serialized by scheduler locks: */ unsigned sched_reset_on_fork:1; unsigned sched_contributes_to_load:1; unsigned sched_migrated:1; #ifdef CONFIG_PSI unsigned sched_psi_wake_requeue:1; #endif /* Force alignment to the next boundary: */ unsigned :0; /* Unserialized, strictly 'current' */ /* * This field must not be in the scheduler word above due to wakelist * queueing no longer being serialized by p->on_cpu. However: * * p->XXX = X; ttwu() * schedule() if (p->on_rq && ..) // false * smp_mb__after_spinlock(); if (smp_load_acquire(&p->on_cpu) && //true * deactivate_task() ttwu_queue_wakelist()) * p->on_rq = 0; p->sched_remote_wakeup = Y; * * guarantees all stores of 'current' are visible before * ->sched_remote_wakeup gets used, so it can be in this word. */ unsigned sched_remote_wakeup:1; /* Bit to tell LSMs we're in execve(): */ unsigned in_execve:1; unsigned in_iowait:1; #ifndef TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK unsigned restore_sigmask:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG unsigned in_user_fault:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK unsigned brk_randomized:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUPS /* disallow userland-initiated cgroup migration */ unsigned no_cgroup_migration:1; /* task is frozen/stopped (used by the cgroup freezer) */ unsigned frozen:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP unsigned use_memdelay:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PSI /* Stalled due to lack of memory */ unsigned in_memstall:1; #endif unsigned long atomic_flags; /* Flags requiring atomic access. */ struct restart_block restart_block; pid_t pid; pid_t tgid; #ifdef CONFIG_STACKPROTECTOR /* Canary value for the -fstack-protector GCC feature: */ unsigned long stack_canary; #endif /* * Pointers to the (original) parent process, youngest child, younger sibling, * older sibling, respectively. (p->father can be replaced with * p->real_parent->pid) */ /* Real parent process: */ struct task_struct __rcu *real_parent; /* Recipient of SIGCHLD, wait4() reports: */ struct task_struct __rcu *parent; /* * Children/sibling form the list of natural children: */ struct list_head children; struct list_head sibling; struct task_struct *group_leader; /* * 'ptraced' is the list of tasks this task is using ptrace() on. * * This includes both natural children and PTRACE_ATTACH targets. * 'ptrace_entry' is this task's link on the p->parent->ptraced list. */ struct list_head ptraced; struct list_head ptrace_entry; /* PID/PID hash table linkage. */ struct pid *thread_pid; struct hlist_node pid_links[PIDTYPE_MAX]; struct list_head thread_group; struct list_head thread_node; struct completion *vfork_done; /* CLONE_CHILD_SETTID: */ int __user *set_child_tid; /* CLONE_CHILD_CLEARTID: */ int __user *clear_child_tid; u64 utime; u64 stime; #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SCALED_CPUTIME u64 utimescaled; u64 stimescaled; #endif u64 gtime; struct prev_cputime prev_cputime; #ifdef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_GEN struct vtime vtime; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL atomic_t tick_dep_mask; #endif /* Context switch counts: */ unsigned long nvcsw; unsigned long nivcsw; /* Monotonic time in nsecs: */ u64 start_time; /* Boot based time in nsecs: */ u64 start_boottime; /* MM fault and swap info: this can arguably be seen as either mm-specific or thread-specific: */ unsigned long min_flt; unsigned long maj_flt; /* Empty if CONFIG_POSIX_CPUTIMERS=n */ struct posix_cputimers posix_cputimers; #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_CPU_TIMERS_TASK_WORK struct posix_cputimers_work posix_cputimers_work; #endif /* Process credentials: */ /* Tracer's credentials at attach: */ const struct cred __rcu *ptracer_cred; /* Objective and real subjective task credentials (COW): */ const struct cred __rcu *real_cred; /* Effective (overridable) subjective task credentials (COW): */ const struct cred __rcu *cred; #ifdef CONFIG_KEYS /* Cached requested key. */ struct key *cached_requested_key; #endif /* * executable name, excluding path. * * - normally initialized setup_new_exec() * - access it with [gs]et_task_comm() * - lock it with task_lock() */ char comm[TASK_COMM_LEN]; struct nameidata *nameidata; #ifdef CONFIG_SYSVIPC struct sysv_sem sysvsem; struct sysv_shm sysvshm; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DETECT_HUNG_TASK unsigned long last_switch_count; unsigned long last_switch_time; #endif /* Filesystem information: */ struct fs_struct *fs; /* Open file information: */ struct files_struct *files; #ifdef CONFIG_IO_URING struct io_uring_task *io_uring; #endif /* Namespaces: */ struct nsproxy *nsproxy; /* Signal handlers: */ struct signal_struct *signal; struct sighand_struct __rcu *sighand; sigset_t blocked; sigset_t real_blocked; /* Restored if set_restore_sigmask() was used: */ sigset_t saved_sigmask; struct sigpending pending; unsigned long sas_ss_sp; size_t sas_ss_size; unsigned int sas_ss_flags; struct callback_head *task_works; #ifdef CONFIG_AUDIT #ifdef CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL struct audit_context *audit_context; #endif kuid_t loginuid; unsigned int sessionid; #endif struct seccomp seccomp; /* Thread group tracking: */ u64 parent_exec_id; u64 self_exec_id; /* Protection against (de-)allocation: mm, files, fs, tty, keyrings, mems_allowed, mempolicy: */ spinlock_t alloc_lock; /* Protection of the PI data structures: */ raw_spinlock_t pi_lock; struct wake_q_node wake_q; #ifdef CONFIG_RT_MUTEXES /* PI waiters blocked on a rt_mutex held by this task: */ struct rb_root_cached pi_waiters; /* Updated under owner's pi_lock and rq lock */ struct task_struct *pi_top_task; /* Deadlock detection and priority inheritance handling: */ struct rt_mutex_waiter *pi_blocked_on; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_MUTEXES /* Mutex deadlock detection: */ struct mutex_waiter *blocked_on; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP int non_block_count; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS struct irqtrace_events irqtrace; unsigned int hardirq_threaded; u64 hardirq_chain_key; int softirqs_enabled; int softirq_context; int irq_config; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP # define MAX_LOCK_DEPTH 48UL u64 curr_chain_key; int lockdep_depth; unsigned int lockdep_recursion; struct held_lock held_locks[MAX_LOCK_DEPTH]; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_UBSAN) && !defined(CONFIG_UBSAN_TRAP) unsigned int in_ubsan; #endif /* Journalling filesystem info: */ void *journal_info; /* Stacked block device info: */ struct bio_list *bio_list; #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK /* Stack plugging: */ struct blk_plug *plug; #endif /* VM state: */ struct reclaim_state *reclaim_state; struct backing_dev_info *backing_dev_info; struct io_context *io_context; #ifdef CONFIG_COMPACTION struct capture_control *capture_control; #endif /* Ptrace state: */ unsigned long ptrace_message; kernel_siginfo_t *last_siginfo; struct task_io_accounting ioac; #ifdef CONFIG_PSI /* Pressure stall state */ unsigned int psi_flags; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TASK_XACCT /* Accumulated RSS usage: */ u64 acct_rss_mem1; /* Accumulated virtual memory usage: */ u64 acct_vm_mem1; /* stime + utime since last update: */ u64 acct_timexpd; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_CPUSETS /* Protected by ->alloc_lock: */ nodemask_t mems_allowed; /* Seqence number to catch updates: */ seqcount_spinlock_t mems_allowed_seq; int cpuset_mem_spread_rotor; int cpuset_slab_spread_rotor; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUPS /* Control Group info protected by css_set_lock: */ struct css_set __rcu *cgroups; /* cg_list protected by css_set_lock and tsk->alloc_lock: */ struct list_head cg_list; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_X86_CPU_RESCTRL u32 closid; u32 rmid; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FUTEX struct robust_list_head __user *robust_list; #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT struct compat_robust_list_head __user *compat_robust_list; #endif struct list_head pi_state_list; struct futex_pi_state *pi_state_cache; struct mutex futex_exit_mutex; unsigned int futex_state; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS struct perf_event_context *perf_event_ctxp[perf_nr_task_contexts]; struct mutex perf_event_mutex; struct list_head perf_event_list; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PREEMPT unsigned long preempt_disable_ip; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA /* Protected by alloc_lock: */ struct mempolicy *mempolicy; short il_prev; short pref_node_fork; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING int numa_scan_seq; unsigned int numa_scan_period; unsigned int numa_scan_period_max; int numa_preferred_nid; unsigned long numa_migrate_retry; /* Migration stamp: */ u64 node_stamp; u64 last_task_numa_placement; u64 last_sum_exec_runtime; struct callback_head numa_work; /* * This pointer is only modified for current in syscall and * pagefault context (and for tasks being destroyed), so it can be read * from any of the following contexts: * - RCU read-side critical section * - current->numa_group from everywhere * - task's runqueue locked, task not running */ struct numa_group __rcu *numa_group; /* * numa_faults is an array split into four regions: * faults_memory, faults_cpu, faults_memory_buffer, faults_cpu_buffer * in this precise order. * * faults_memory: Exponential decaying average of faults on a per-node * basis. Scheduling placement decisions are made based on these * counts. The values remain static for the duration of a PTE scan. * faults_cpu: Track the nodes the process was running on when a NUMA * hinting fault was incurred. * faults_memory_buffer and faults_cpu_buffer: Record faults per node * during the current scan window. When the scan completes, the counts * in faults_memory and faults_cpu decay and these values are copied. */ unsigned long *numa_faults; unsigned long total_numa_faults; /* * numa_faults_locality tracks if faults recorded during the last * scan window were remote/local or failed to migrate. The task scan * period is adapted based on the locality of the faults with different * weights depending on whether they were shared or private faults */ unsigned long numa_faults_locality[3]; unsigned long numa_pages_migrated; #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ #ifdef CONFIG_RSEQ struct rseq __user *rseq; u32 rseq_sig; /* * RmW on rseq_event_mask must be performed atomically * with respect to preemption. */ unsigned long rseq_event_mask; #endif struct tlbflush_unmap_batch tlb_ubc; union { refcount_t rcu_users; struct rcu_head rcu; }; /* Cache last used pipe for splice(): */ struct pipe_inode_info *splice_pipe; struct page_frag task_frag; #ifdef CONFIG_TASK_DELAY_ACCT struct task_delay_info *delays; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FAULT_INJECTION int make_it_fail; unsigned int fail_nth; #endif /* * When (nr_dirtied >= nr_dirtied_pause), it's time to call * balance_dirty_pages() for a dirty throttling pause: */ int nr_dirtied; int nr_dirtied_pause; /* Start of a write-and-pause period: */ unsigned long dirty_paused_when; #ifdef CONFIG_LATENCYTOP int latency_record_count; struct latency_record latency_record[LT_SAVECOUNT]; #endif /* * Time slack values; these are used to round up poll() and * select() etc timeout values. These are in nanoseconds. */ u64 timer_slack_ns; u64 default_timer_slack_ns; #ifdef CONFIG_KASAN unsigned int kasan_depth; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_KCSAN struct kcsan_ctx kcsan_ctx; #ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS struct irqtrace_events kcsan_save_irqtrace; #endif #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KUNIT) struct kunit *kunit_test; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER /* Index of current stored address in ret_stack: */ int curr_ret_stack; int curr_ret_depth; /* Stack of return addresses for return function tracing: */ struct ftrace_ret_stack *ret_stack; /* Timestamp for last schedule: */ unsigned long long ftrace_timestamp; /* * Number of functions that haven't been traced * because of depth overrun: */ atomic_t trace_overrun; /* Pause tracing: */ atomic_t tracing_graph_pause; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRACING /* State flags for use by tracers: */ unsigned long trace; /* Bitmask and counter of trace recursion: */ unsigned long trace_recursion; #endif /* CONFIG_TRACING */ #ifdef CONFIG_KCOV /* See kernel/kcov.c for more details. */ /* Coverage collection mode enabled for this task (0 if disabled): */ unsigned int kcov_mode; /* Size of the kcov_area: */ unsigned int kcov_size; /* Buffer for coverage collection: */ void *kcov_area; /* KCOV descriptor wired with this task or NULL: */ struct kcov *kcov; /* KCOV common handle for remote coverage collection: */ u64 kcov_handle; /* KCOV sequence number: */ int kcov_sequence; /* Collect coverage from softirq context: */ unsigned int kcov_softirq; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG struct mem_cgroup *memcg_in_oom; gfp_t memcg_oom_gfp_mask; int memcg_oom_order; /* Number of pages to reclaim on returning to userland: */ unsigned int memcg_nr_pages_over_high; /* Used by memcontrol for targeted memcg charge: */ struct mem_cgroup *active_memcg; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP struct request_queue *throttle_queue; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_UPROBES struct uprobe_task *utask; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_BCACHE) || defined(CONFIG_BCACHE_MODULE) unsigned int sequential_io; unsigned int sequential_io_avg; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP unsigned long task_state_change; #endif int pagefault_disabled; #ifdef CONFIG_MMU struct task_struct *oom_reaper_list; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK struct vm_struct *stack_vm_area; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK /* A live task holds one reference: */ refcount_t stack_refcount; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_LIVEPATCH int patch_state; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY /* Used by LSM modules for access restriction: */ void *security; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_GCC_PLUGIN_STACKLEAK unsigned long lowest_stack; unsigned long prev_lowest_stack; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_X86_MCE void __user *mce_vaddr; __u64 mce_kflags; u64 mce_addr; __u64 mce_ripv : 1, mce_whole_page : 1, __mce_reserved : 62; struct callback_head mce_kill_me; int mce_count; #endif /* * New fields for task_struct should be added above here, so that * they are included in the randomized portion of task_struct. */ randomized_struct_fields_end /* CPU-specific state of this task: */ struct thread_struct thread; /* * WARNING: on x86, 'thread_struct' contains a variable-sized * structure. It *MUST* be at the end of 'task_struct'. * * Do not put anything below here! */ }; static inline struct pid *task_pid(struct task_struct *task) { return task->thread_pid; } /* * the helpers to get the task's different pids as they are seen * from various namespaces * * task_xid_nr() : global id, i.e. the id seen from the init namespace; * task_xid_vnr() : virtual id, i.e. the id seen from the pid namespace of * current. * task_xid_nr_ns() : id seen from the ns specified; * * see also pid_nr() etc in include/linux/pid.h */ pid_t __task_pid_nr_ns(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type type, struct pid_namespace *ns); static inline pid_t task_pid_nr(struct task_struct *tsk) { return tsk->pid; } static inline pid_t task_pid_nr_ns(struct task_struct *tsk, struct pid_namespace *ns) { return __task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, PIDTYPE_PID, ns); } static inline pid_t task_pid_vnr(struct task_struct *tsk) { return __task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, PIDTYPE_PID, NULL); } static inline pid_t task_tgid_nr(struct task_struct *tsk) { return tsk->tgid; } /** * pid_alive - check that a task structure is not stale * @p: Task structure to be checked. * * Test if a process is not yet dead (at most zombie state) * If pid_alive fails, then pointers within the task structure * can be stale and must not be dereferenced. * * Return: 1 if the process is alive. 0 otherwise. */ static inline int pid_alive(const struct task_struct *p) { return p->thread_pid != NULL; } static inline pid_t task_pgrp_nr_ns(struct task_struct *tsk, struct pid_namespace *ns) { return __task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, PIDTYPE_PGID, ns); } static inline pid_t task_pgrp_vnr(struct task_struct *tsk) { return __task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, PIDTYPE_PGID, NULL); } static inline pid_t task_session_nr_ns(struct task_struct *tsk, struct pid_namespace *ns) { return __task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, PIDTYPE_SID, ns); } static inline pid_t task_session_vnr(struct task_struct *tsk) { return __task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, PIDTYPE_SID, NULL); } static inline pid_t task_tgid_nr_ns(struct task_struct *tsk, struct pid_namespace *ns) { return __task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, PIDTYPE_TGID, ns); } static inline pid_t task_tgid_vnr(struct task_struct *tsk) { return __task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, PIDTYPE_TGID, NULL); } static inline pid_t task_ppid_nr_ns(const struct task_struct *tsk, struct pid_namespace *ns) { pid_t pid = 0; rcu_read_lock(); if (pid_alive(tsk)) pid = task_tgid_nr_ns(rcu_dereference(tsk->real_parent), ns); rcu_read_unlock(); return pid; } static inline pid_t task_ppid_nr(const struct task_struct *tsk) { return task_ppid_nr_ns(tsk, &init_pid_ns); } /* Obsolete, do not use: */ static inline pid_t task_pgrp_nr(struct task_struct *tsk) { return task_pgrp_nr_ns(tsk, &init_pid_ns); } #define TASK_REPORT_IDLE (TASK_REPORT + 1) #define TASK_REPORT_MAX (TASK_REPORT_IDLE << 1) static inline unsigned int task_state_index(struct task_struct *tsk) { unsigned int tsk_state = READ_ONCE(tsk->state); unsigned int state = (tsk_state | tsk->exit_state) & TASK_REPORT; BUILD_BUG_ON_NOT_POWER_OF_2(TASK_REPORT_MAX); if (tsk_state == TASK_IDLE) state = TASK_REPORT_IDLE; return fls(state); } static inline char task_index_to_char(unsigned int state) { static const char state_char[] = "RSDTtXZPI"; BUILD_BUG_ON(1 + ilog2(TASK_REPORT_MAX) != sizeof(state_char) - 1); return state_char[state]; } static inline char task_state_to_char(struct task_struct *tsk) { return task_index_to_char(task_state_index(tsk)); } /** * is_global_init - check if a task structure is init. Since init * is free to have sub-threads we need to check tgid. * @tsk: Task structure to be checked. * * Check if a task structure is the first user space task the kernel created. * * Return: 1 if the task structure is init. 0 otherwise. */ static inline int is_global_init(struct task_struct *tsk) { return task_tgid_nr(tsk) == 1; } extern struct pid *cad_pid; /* * Per process flags */ #define PF_VCPU 0x00000001 /* I'm a virtual CPU */ #define PF_IDLE 0x00000002 /* I am an IDLE thread */ #define PF_EXITING 0x00000004 /* Getting shut down */ #define PF_IO_WORKER 0x00000010 /* Task is an IO worker */ #define PF_WQ_WORKER 0x00000020 /* I'm a workqueue worker */ #define PF_FORKNOEXEC 0x00000040 /* Forked but didn't exec */ #define PF_MCE_PROCESS 0x00000080 /* Process policy on mce errors */ #define PF_SUPERPRIV 0x00000100 /* Used super-user privileges */ #define PF_DUMPCORE 0x00000200 /* Dumped core */ #define PF_SIGNALED 0x00000400 /* Killed by a signal */ #define PF_MEMALLOC 0x00000800 /* Allocating memory */ #define PF_NPROC_EXCEEDED 0x00001000 /* set_user() noticed that RLIMIT_NPROC was exceeded */ #define PF_USED_MATH 0x00002000 /* If unset the fpu must be initialized before use */ #define PF_USED_ASYNC 0x00004000 /* Used async_schedule*(), used by module init */ #define PF_NOFREEZE 0x00008000 /* This thread should not be frozen */ #define PF_FROZEN 0x00010000 /* Frozen for system suspend */ #define PF_KSWAPD 0x00020000 /* I am kswapd */ #define PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS 0x00040000 /* All allocation requests will inherit GFP_NOFS */ #define PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO 0x00080000 /* All allocation requests will inherit GFP_NOIO */ #define PF_LOCAL_THROTTLE 0x00100000 /* Throttle writes only against the bdi I write to, * I am cleaning dirty pages from some other bdi. */ #define PF_KTHREAD 0x00200000 /* I am a kernel thread */ #define PF_RANDOMIZE 0x00400000 /* Randomize virtual address space */ #define PF_SWAPWRITE 0x00800000 /* Allowed to write to swap */ #define PF_NO_SETAFFINITY 0x04000000 /* Userland is not allowed to meddle with cpus_mask */ #define PF_MCE_EARLY 0x08000000 /* Early kill for mce process policy */ #define PF_MEMALLOC_NOCMA 0x10000000 /* All allocation request will have _GFP_MOVABLE cleared */ #define PF_FREEZER_SKIP 0x40000000 /* Freezer should not count it as freezable */ #define PF_SUSPEND_TASK 0x80000000 /* This thread called freeze_processes() and should not be frozen */ /* * Only the _current_ task can read/write to tsk->flags, but other * tasks can access tsk->flags in readonly mode for example * with tsk_used_math (like during threaded core dumping). * There is however an exception to this rule during ptrace * or during fork: the ptracer task is allowed to write to the * child->flags of its traced child (same goes for fork, the parent * can write to the child->flags), because we're guaranteed the * child is not running and in turn not changing child->flags * at the same time the parent does it. */ #define clear_stopped_child_used_math(child) do { (child)->flags &= ~PF_USED_MATH; } while (0) #define set_stopped_child_used_math(child) do { (child)->flags |= PF_USED_MATH; } while (0) #define clear_used_math() clear_stopped_child_used_math(current) #define set_used_math() set_stopped_child_used_math(current) #define conditional_stopped_child_used_math(condition, child) \ do { (child)->flags &= ~PF_USED_MATH, (child)->flags |= (condition) ? PF_USED_MATH : 0; } while (0) #define conditional_used_math(condition) conditional_stopped_child_used_math(condition, current) #define copy_to_stopped_child_used_math(child) \ do { (child)->flags &= ~PF_USED_MATH, (child)->flags |= current->flags & PF_USED_MATH; } while (0) /* NOTE: this will return 0 or PF_USED_MATH, it will never return 1 */ #define tsk_used_math(p) ((p)->flags & PF_USED_MATH) #define used_math() tsk_used_math(current) static __always_inline bool is_percpu_thread(void) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP return (current->flags & PF_NO_SETAFFINITY) && (current->nr_cpus_allowed == 1); #else return true; #endif } /* Per-process atomic flags. */ #define PFA_NO_NEW_PRIVS 0 /* May not gain new privileges. */ #define PFA_SPREAD_PAGE 1 /* Spread page cache over cpuset */ #define PFA_SPREAD_SLAB 2 /* Spread some slab caches over cpuset */ #define PFA_SPEC_SSB_DISABLE 3 /* Speculative Store Bypass disabled */ #define PFA_SPEC_SSB_FORCE_DISABLE 4 /* Speculative Store Bypass force disabled*/ #define PFA_SPEC_IB_DISABLE 5 /* Indirect branch speculation restricted */ #define PFA_SPEC_IB_FORCE_DISABLE 6 /* Indirect branch speculation permanently restricted */ #define PFA_SPEC_SSB_NOEXEC 7 /* Speculative Store Bypass clear on execve() */ #define TASK_PFA_TEST(name, func) \ static inline bool task_##func(struct task_struct *p) \ { return test_bit(PFA_##name, &p->atomic_flags); } #define TASK_PFA_SET(name, func) \ static inline void task_set_##func(struct task_struct *p) \ { set_bit(PFA_##name, &p->atomic_flags); } #define TASK_PFA_CLEAR(name, func) \ static inline void task_clear_##func(struct task_struct *p) \ { clear_bit(PFA_##name, &p->atomic_flags); } TASK_PFA_TEST(NO_NEW_PRIVS, no_new_privs) TASK_PFA_SET(NO_NEW_PRIVS, no_new_privs) TASK_PFA_TEST(SPREAD_PAGE, spread_page) TASK_PFA_SET(SPREAD_PAGE, spread_page) TASK_PFA_CLEAR(SPREAD_PAGE, spread_page) TASK_PFA_TEST(SPREAD_SLAB, spread_slab) TASK_PFA_SET(SPREAD_SLAB, spread_slab) TASK_PFA_CLEAR(SPREAD_SLAB, spread_slab) TASK_PFA_TEST(SPEC_SSB_DISABLE, spec_ssb_disable) TASK_PFA_SET(SPEC_SSB_DISABLE, spec_ssb_disable) TASK_PFA_CLEAR(SPEC_SSB_DISABLE, spec_ssb_disable) TASK_PFA_TEST(SPEC_SSB_NOEXEC, spec_ssb_noexec) TASK_PFA_SET(SPEC_SSB_NOEXEC, spec_ssb_noexec) TASK_PFA_CLEAR(SPEC_SSB_NOEXEC, spec_ssb_noexec) TASK_PFA_TEST(SPEC_SSB_FORCE_DISABLE, spec_ssb_force_disable) TASK_PFA_SET(SPEC_SSB_FORCE_DISABLE, spec_ssb_force_disable) TASK_PFA_TEST(SPEC_IB_DISABLE, spec_ib_disable) TASK_PFA_SET(SPEC_IB_DISABLE, spec_ib_disable) TASK_PFA_CLEAR(SPEC_IB_DISABLE, spec_ib_disable) TASK_PFA_TEST(SPEC_IB_FORCE_DISABLE, spec_ib_force_disable) TASK_PFA_SET(SPEC_IB_FORCE_DISABLE, spec_ib_force_disable) static inline void current_restore_flags(unsigned long orig_flags, unsigned long flags) { current->flags &= ~flags; current->flags |= orig_flags & flags; } extern int cpuset_cpumask_can_shrink(const struct cpumask *cur, const struct cpumask *trial); extern int task_can_attach(struct task_struct *p, const struct cpumask *cs_cpus_allowed); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP extern void do_set_cpus_allowed(struct task_struct *p, const struct cpumask *new_mask); extern int set_cpus_allowed_ptr(struct task_struct *p, const struct cpumask *new_mask); #else static inline void do_set_cpus_allowed(struct task_struct *p, const struct cpumask *new_mask) { } static inline int set_cpus_allowed_ptr(struct task_struct *p, const struct cpumask *new_mask) { if (!cpumask_test_cpu(0, new_mask)) return -EINVAL; return 0; } #endif extern int yield_to(struct task_struct *p, bool preempt); extern void set_user_nice(struct task_struct *p, long nice); extern int task_prio(const struct task_struct *p); /** * task_nice - return the nice value of a given task. * @p: the task in question. * * Return: The nice value [ -20 ... 0 ... 19 ]. */ static inline int task_nice(const struct task_struct *p) { return PRIO_TO_NICE((p)->static_prio); } extern int can_nice(const struct task_struct *p, const int nice); extern int task_curr(const struct task_struct *p); extern int idle_cpu(int cpu); extern int available_idle_cpu(int cpu); extern int sched_setscheduler(struct task_struct *, int, const struct sched_param *); extern int sched_setscheduler_nocheck(struct task_struct *, int, const struct sched_param *); extern void sched_set_fifo(struct task_struct *p); extern void sched_set_fifo_low(struct task_struct *p); extern void sched_set_normal(struct task_struct *p, int nice); extern int sched_setattr(struct task_struct *, const struct sched_attr *); extern int sched_setattr_nocheck(struct task_struct *, const struct sched_attr *); extern struct task_struct *idle_task(int cpu); /** * is_idle_task - is the specified task an idle task? * @p: the task in question. * * Return: 1 if @p is an idle task. 0 otherwise. */ static __always_inline bool is_idle_task(const struct task_struct *p) { return !!(p->flags & PF_IDLE); } extern struct task_struct *curr_task(int cpu); extern void ia64_set_curr_task(int cpu, struct task_struct *p); void yield(void); union thread_union { #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_TASK_STRUCT_ON_STACK struct task_struct task; #endif #ifndef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK struct thread_info thread_info; #endif unsigned long stack[THREAD_SIZE/sizeof(long)]; }; #ifndef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK extern struct thread_info init_thread_info; #endif extern unsigned long init_stack[THREAD_SIZE / sizeof(unsigned long)]; #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK static inline struct thread_info *task_thread_info(struct task_struct *task) { return &task->thread_info; } #elif !defined(__HAVE_THREAD_FUNCTIONS) # define task_thread_info(task) ((struct thread_info *)(task)->stack) #endif /* * find a task by one of its numerical ids * * find_task_by_pid_ns(): * finds a task by its pid in the specified namespace * find_task_by_vpid(): * finds a task by its virtual pid * * see also find_vpid() etc in include/linux/pid.h */ extern struct task_struct *find_task_by_vpid(pid_t nr); extern struct task_struct *find_task_by_pid_ns(pid_t nr, struct pid_namespace *ns); /* * find a task by its virtual pid and get the task struct */ extern struct task_struct *find_get_task_by_vpid(pid_t nr); extern int wake_up_state(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned int state); extern int wake_up_process(struct task_struct *tsk); extern void wake_up_new_task(struct task_struct *tsk); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP extern void kick_process(struct task_struct *tsk); #else static inline void kick_process(struct task_struct *tsk) { } #endif extern void __set_task_comm(struct task_struct *tsk, const char *from, bool exec); static inline void set_task_comm(struct task_struct *tsk, const char *from) { __set_task_comm(tsk, from, false); } extern char *__get_task_comm(char *to, size_t len, struct task_struct *tsk); #define get_task_comm(buf, tsk) ({ \ BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(buf) != TASK_COMM_LEN); \ __get_task_comm(buf, sizeof(buf), tsk); \ }) #ifdef CONFIG_SMP static __always_inline void scheduler_ipi(void) { /* * Fold TIF_NEED_RESCHED into the preempt_count; anybody setting * TIF_NEED_RESCHED remotely (for the first time) will also send * this IPI. */ preempt_fold_need_resched(); } extern unsigned long wait_task_inactive(struct task_struct *, long match_state); #else static inline void scheduler_ipi(void) { } static inline unsigned long wait_task_inactive(struct task_struct *p, long match_state) { return 1; } #endif /* * Set thread flags in other task's structures. * See asm/thread_info.h for TIF_xxxx flags available: */ static inline void set_tsk_thread_flag(struct task_struct *tsk, int flag) { set_ti_thread_flag(task_thread_info(tsk), flag); } static inline void clear_tsk_thread_flag(struct task_struct *tsk, int flag) { clear_ti_thread_flag(task_thread_info(tsk), flag); } static inline void update_tsk_thread_flag(struct task_struct *tsk, int flag, bool value) { update_ti_thread_flag(task_thread_info(tsk), flag, value); } static inline int test_and_set_tsk_thread_flag(struct task_struct *tsk, int flag) { return test_and_set_ti_thread_flag(task_thread_info(tsk), flag); } static inline int test_and_clear_tsk_thread_flag(struct task_struct *tsk, int flag) { return test_and_clear_ti_thread_flag(task_thread_info(tsk), flag); } static inline int test_tsk_thread_flag(struct task_struct *tsk, int flag) { return test_ti_thread_flag(task_thread_info(tsk), flag); } static inline void set_tsk_need_resched(struct task_struct *tsk) { set_tsk_thread_flag(tsk,TIF_NEED_RESCHED); } static inline void clear_tsk_need_resched(struct task_struct *tsk) { clear_tsk_thread_flag(tsk,TIF_NEED_RESCHED); } static inline int test_tsk_need_resched(struct task_struct *tsk) { return unlikely(test_tsk_thread_flag(tsk,TIF_NEED_RESCHED)); } /* * cond_resched() and cond_resched_lock(): latency reduction via * explicit rescheduling in places that are safe. The return * value indicates whether a reschedule was done in fact. * cond_resched_lock() will drop the spinlock before scheduling, */ #ifndef CONFIG_PREEMPTION extern int _cond_resched(void); #else static inline int _cond_resched(void) { return 0; } #endif #define cond_resched() ({ \ ___might_sleep(__FILE__, __LINE__, 0); \ _cond_resched(); \ }) extern int __cond_resched_lock(spinlock_t *lock); #define cond_resched_lock(lock) ({ \ ___might_sleep(__FILE__, __LINE__, PREEMPT_LOCK_OFFSET);\ __cond_resched_lock(lock); \ }) static inline void cond_resched_rcu(void) { #if defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP) || !defined(CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU) rcu_read_unlock(); cond_resched(); rcu_read_lock(); #endif } /* * Does a critical section need to be broken due to another * task waiting?: (technically does not depend on CONFIG_PREEMPTION, * but a general need for low latency) */ static inline int spin_needbreak(spinlock_t *lock) { #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPTION return spin_is_contended(lock); #else return 0; #endif } static __always_inline bool need_resched(void) { return unlikely(tif_need_resched()); } /* * Wrappers for p->thread_info->cpu access. No-op on UP. */ #ifdef CONFIG_SMP static inline unsigned int task_cpu(const struct task_struct *p) { #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK return READ_ONCE(p->cpu); #else return READ_ONCE(task_thread_info(p)->cpu); #endif } extern void set_task_cpu(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int cpu); #else static inline unsigned int task_cpu(const struct task_struct *p) { return 0; } static inline void set_task_cpu(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int cpu) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ /* * In order to reduce various lock holder preemption latencies provide an * interface to see if a vCPU is currently running or not. * * This allows us to terminate optimistic spin loops and block, analogous to * the native optimistic spin heuristic of testing if the lock owner task is * running or not. */ #ifndef vcpu_is_preempted static inline bool vcpu_is_preempted(int cpu) { return false; } #endif extern long sched_setaffinity(pid_t pid, const struct cpumask *new_mask); extern long sched_getaffinity(pid_t pid, struct cpumask *mask); #ifndef TASK_SIZE_OF #define TASK_SIZE_OF(tsk) TASK_SIZE #endif #ifdef CONFIG_RSEQ /* * Map the event mask on the user-space ABI enum rseq_cs_flags * for direct mask checks. */ enum rseq_event_mask_bits { RSEQ_EVENT_PREEMPT_BIT = RSEQ_CS_FLAG_NO_RESTART_ON_PREEMPT_BIT, RSEQ_EVENT_SIGNAL_BIT = RSEQ_CS_FLAG_NO_RESTART_ON_SIGNAL_BIT, RSEQ_EVENT_MIGRATE_BIT = RSEQ_CS_FLAG_NO_RESTART_ON_MIGRATE_BIT, }; enum rseq_event_mask { RSEQ_EVENT_PREEMPT = (1U << RSEQ_EVENT_PREEMPT_BIT), RSEQ_EVENT_SIGNAL = (1U << RSEQ_EVENT_SIGNAL_BIT), RSEQ_EVENT_MIGRATE = (1U << RSEQ_EVENT_MIGRATE_BIT), }; static inline void rseq_set_notify_resume(struct task_struct *t) { if (t->rseq) set_tsk_thread_flag(t, TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME); } void __rseq_handle_notify_resume(struct ksignal *sig, struct pt_regs *regs); static inline void rseq_handle_notify_resume(struct ksignal *ksig, struct pt_regs *regs) { if (current->rseq) __rseq_handle_notify_resume(ksig, regs); } static inline void rseq_signal_deliver(struct ksignal *ksig, struct pt_regs *regs) { preempt_disable(); __set_bit(RSEQ_EVENT_SIGNAL_BIT, &current->rseq_event_mask); preempt_enable(); rseq_handle_notify_resume(ksig, regs); } /* rseq_preempt() requires preemption to be disabled. */ static inline void rseq_preempt(struct task_struct *t) { __set_bit(RSEQ_EVENT_PREEMPT_BIT, &t->rseq_event_mask); rseq_set_notify_resume(t); } /* rseq_migrate() requires preemption to be disabled. */ static inline void rseq_migrate(struct task_struct *t) { __set_bit(RSEQ_EVENT_MIGRATE_BIT, &t->rseq_event_mask); rseq_set_notify_resume(t); } /* * If parent process has a registered restartable sequences area, the * child inherits. Unregister rseq for a clone with CLONE_VM set. */ static inline void rseq_fork(struct task_struct *t, unsigned long clone_flags) { if (clone_flags & CLONE_VM) { t->rseq = NULL; t->rseq_sig = 0; t->rseq_event_mask = 0; } else { t->rseq = current->rseq; t->rseq_sig = current->rseq_sig; t->rseq_event_mask = current->rseq_event_mask; } } static inline void rseq_execve(struct task_struct *t) { t->rseq = NULL; t->rseq_sig = 0; t->rseq_event_mask = 0; } #else static inline void rseq_set_notify_resume(struct task_struct *t) { } static inline void rseq_handle_notify_resume(struct ksignal *ksig, struct pt_regs *regs) { } static inline void rseq_signal_deliver(struct ksignal *ksig, struct pt_regs *regs) { } static inline void rseq_preempt(struct task_struct *t) { } static inline void rseq_migrate(struct task_struct *t) { } static inline void rseq_fork(struct task_struct *t, unsigned long clone_flags) { } static inline void rseq_execve(struct task_struct *t) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_RSEQ void rseq_syscall(struct pt_regs *regs); #else static inline void rseq_syscall(struct pt_regs *regs) { } #endif const struct sched_avg *sched_trace_cfs_rq_avg(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq); char *sched_trace_cfs_rq_path(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, char *str, int len); int sched_trace_cfs_rq_cpu(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq); const struct sched_avg *sched_trace_rq_avg_rt(struct rq *rq); const struct sched_avg *sched_trace_rq_avg_dl(struct rq *rq); const struct sched_avg *sched_trace_rq_avg_irq(struct rq *rq); int sched_trace_rq_cpu(struct rq *rq); int sched_trace_rq_cpu_capacity(struct rq *rq); int sched_trace_rq_nr_running(struct rq *rq); const struct cpumask *sched_trace_rd_span(struct root_domain *rd); #endif
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Prevent the compiler from merging or refetching reads or writes. The * compiler is also forbidden from reordering successive instances of * READ_ONCE and WRITE_ONCE, but only when the compiler is aware of some * particular ordering. One way to make the compiler aware of ordering is to * put the two invocations of READ_ONCE or WRITE_ONCE in different C * statements. * * These two macros will also work on aggregate data types like structs or * unions. * * Their two major use cases are: (1) Mediating communication between * process-level code and irq/NMI handlers, all running on the same CPU, * and (2) Ensuring that the compiler does not fold, spindle, or otherwise * mutilate accesses that either do not require ordering or that interact * with an explicit memory barrier or atomic instruction that provides the * required ordering. */ #ifndef __ASM_GENERIC_RWONCE_H #define __ASM_GENERIC_RWONCE_H #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <linux/compiler_types.h> #include <linux/kasan-checks.h> #include <linux/kcsan-checks.h> /* * Yes, this permits 64-bit accesses on 32-bit architectures. These will * actually be atomic in some cases (namely Armv7 + LPAE), but for others we * rely on the access being split into 2x32-bit accesses for a 32-bit quantity * (e.g. a virtual address) and a strong prevailing wind. */ #define compiletime_assert_rwonce_type(t) \ compiletime_assert(__native_word(t) || sizeof(t) == sizeof(long long), \ "Unsupported access size for {READ,WRITE}_ONCE().") /* * Use __READ_ONCE() instead of READ_ONCE() if you do not require any * atomicity. Note that this may result in tears! */ #ifndef __READ_ONCE #define __READ_ONCE(x) (*(const volatile __unqual_scalar_typeof(x) *)&(x)) #endif #define READ_ONCE(x) \ ({ \ compiletime_assert_rwonce_type(x); \ __READ_ONCE(x); \ }) #define __WRITE_ONCE(x, val) \ do { \ *(volatile typeof(x) *)&(x) = (val); \ } while (0) #define WRITE_ONCE(x, val) \ do { \ compiletime_assert_rwonce_type(x); \ __WRITE_ONCE(x, val); \ } while (0) static __no_sanitize_or_inline unsigned long __read_once_word_nocheck(const void *addr) { return __READ_ONCE(*(unsigned long *)addr); } /* * Use READ_ONCE_NOCHECK() instead of READ_ONCE() if you need to load a * word from memory atomically but without telling KASAN/KCSAN. This is * usually used by unwinding code when walking the stack of a running process. */ #define READ_ONCE_NOCHECK(x) \ ({ \ compiletime_assert(sizeof(x) == sizeof(unsigned long), \ "Unsupported access size for READ_ONCE_NOCHECK()."); \ (typeof(x))__read_once_word_nocheck(&(x)); \ }) static __no_kasan_or_inline unsigned long read_word_at_a_time(const void *addr) { kasan_check_read(addr, 1); return *(unsigned long *)addr; } #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* __ASM_GENERIC_RWONCE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* Asymmetric Public-key cryptography key type interface * * See Documentation/crypto/asymmetric-keys.rst * * Copyright (C) 2012 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved. * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com) */ #ifndef _KEYS_ASYMMETRIC_TYPE_H #define _KEYS_ASYMMETRIC_TYPE_H #include <linux/key-type.h> #include <linux/verification.h> extern struct key_type key_type_asymmetric; /* * The key payload is four words. The asymmetric-type key uses them as * follows: */ enum asymmetric_payload_bits { asym_crypto, /* The data representing the key */ asym_subtype, /* Pointer to an asymmetric_key_subtype struct */ asym_key_ids, /* Pointer to an asymmetric_key_ids struct */ asym_auth /* The key's authorisation (signature, parent key ID) */ }; /* * Identifiers for an asymmetric key ID. We have three ways of looking up a * key derived from an X.509 certificate: * * (1) Serial Number & Issuer. Non-optional. This is the only valid way to * map a PKCS#7 signature to an X.509 certificate. * * (2) Issuer & Subject Unique IDs. Optional. These were the original way to * match X.509 certificates, but have fallen into disuse in favour of (3). * * (3) Auth & Subject Key Identifiers. Optional. SKIDs are only provided on * CA keys that are intended to sign other keys, so don't appear in end * user certificates unless forced. * * We could also support an PGP key identifier, which is just a SHA1 sum of the * public key and certain parameters, but since we don't support PGP keys at * the moment, we shall ignore those. * * What we actually do is provide a place where binary identifiers can be * stashed and then compare against them when checking for an id match. */ struct asymmetric_key_id { unsigned short len; unsigned char data[]; }; struct asymmetric_key_ids { void *id[2]; }; extern bool asymmetric_key_id_same(const struct asymmetric_key_id *kid1, const struct asymmetric_key_id *kid2); extern bool asymmetric_key_id_partial(const struct asymmetric_key_id *kid1, const struct asymmetric_key_id *kid2); extern struct asymmetric_key_id *asymmetric_key_generate_id(const void *val_1, size_t len_1, const void *val_2, size_t len_2); static inline const struct asymmetric_key_ids *asymmetric_key_ids(const struct key *key) { return key->payload.data[asym_key_ids]; } extern struct key *find_asymmetric_key(struct key *keyring, const struct asymmetric_key_id *id_0, const struct asymmetric_key_id *id_1, bool partial); /* * The payload is at the discretion of the subtype. */ #endif /* _KEYS_ASYMMETRIC_TYPE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Block data types and constants. Directly include this file only to * break include dependency loop. */ #ifndef __LINUX_BLK_TYPES_H #define __LINUX_BLK_TYPES_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/bvec.h> #include <linux/ktime.h> struct bio_set; struct bio; struct bio_integrity_payload; struct page; struct io_context; struct cgroup_subsys_state; typedef void (bio_end_io_t) (struct bio *); struct bio_crypt_ctx; struct block_device { dev_t bd_dev; int bd_openers; struct inode * bd_inode; /* will die */ struct super_block * bd_super; struct mutex bd_mutex; /* open/close mutex */ void * bd_claiming; void * bd_holder; int bd_holders; bool bd_write_holder; #ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS struct list_head bd_holder_disks; #endif struct block_device * bd_contains; u8 bd_partno; struct hd_struct * bd_part; /* number of times partitions within this device have been opened. */ unsigned bd_part_count; spinlock_t bd_size_lock; /* for bd_inode->i_size updates */ struct gendisk * bd_disk; struct backing_dev_info *bd_bdi; /* The counter of freeze processes */ int bd_fsfreeze_count; /* Mutex for freeze */ struct mutex bd_fsfreeze_mutex; } __randomize_layout; /* * Block error status values. See block/blk-core:blk_errors for the details. * Alpha cannot write a byte atomically, so we need to use 32-bit value. */ #if defined(CONFIG_ALPHA) && !defined(__alpha_bwx__) typedef u32 __bitwise blk_status_t; #else typedef u8 __bitwise blk_status_t; #endif #define BLK_STS_OK 0 #define BLK_STS_NOTSUPP ((__force blk_status_t)1) #define BLK_STS_TIMEOUT ((__force blk_status_t)2) #define BLK_STS_NOSPC ((__force blk_status_t)3) #define BLK_STS_TRANSPORT ((__force blk_status_t)4) #define BLK_STS_TARGET ((__force blk_status_t)5) #define BLK_STS_NEXUS ((__force blk_status_t)6) #define BLK_STS_MEDIUM ((__force blk_status_t)7) #define BLK_STS_PROTECTION ((__force blk_status_t)8) #define BLK_STS_RESOURCE ((__force blk_status_t)9) #define BLK_STS_IOERR ((__force blk_status_t)10) /* hack for device mapper, don't use elsewhere: */ #define BLK_STS_DM_REQUEUE ((__force blk_status_t)11) #define BLK_STS_AGAIN ((__force blk_status_t)12) /* * BLK_STS_DEV_RESOURCE is returned from the driver to the block layer if * device related resources are unavailable, but the driver can guarantee * that the queue will be rerun in the future once resources become * available again. This is typically the case for device specific * resources that are consumed for IO. If the driver fails allocating these * resources, we know that inflight (or pending) IO will free these * resource upon completion. * * This is different from BLK_STS_RESOURCE in that it explicitly references * a device specific resource. For resources of wider scope, allocation * failure can happen without having pending IO. This means that we can't * rely on request completions freeing these resources, as IO may not be in * flight. Examples of that are kernel memory allocations, DMA mappings, or * any other system wide resources. */ #define BLK_STS_DEV_RESOURCE ((__force blk_status_t)13) /* * BLK_STS_ZONE_RESOURCE is returned from the driver to the block layer if zone * related resources are unavailable, but the driver can guarantee the queue * will be rerun in the future once the resources become available again. * * This is different from BLK_STS_DEV_RESOURCE in that it explicitly references * a zone specific resource and IO to a different zone on the same device could * still be served. Examples of that are zones that are write-locked, but a read * to the same zone could be served. */ #define BLK_STS_ZONE_RESOURCE ((__force blk_status_t)14) /* * BLK_STS_ZONE_OPEN_RESOURCE is returned from the driver in the completion * path if the device returns a status indicating that too many zone resources * are currently open. The same command should be successful if resubmitted * after the number of open zones decreases below the device's limits, which is * reported in the request_queue's max_open_zones. */ #define BLK_STS_ZONE_OPEN_RESOURCE ((__force blk_status_t)15) /* * BLK_STS_ZONE_ACTIVE_RESOURCE is returned from the driver in the completion * path if the device returns a status indicating that too many zone resources * are currently active. The same command should be successful if resubmitted * after the number of active zones decreases below the device's limits, which * is reported in the request_queue's max_active_zones. */ #define BLK_STS_ZONE_ACTIVE_RESOURCE ((__force blk_status_t)16) /** * blk_path_error - returns true if error may be path related * @error: status the request was completed with * * Description: * This classifies block error status into non-retryable errors and ones * that may be successful if retried on a failover path. * * Return: * %false - retrying failover path will not help * %true - may succeed if retried */ static inline bool blk_path_error(blk_status_t error) { switch (error) { case BLK_STS_NOTSUPP: case BLK_STS_NOSPC: case BLK_STS_TARGET: case BLK_STS_NEXUS: case BLK_STS_MEDIUM: case BLK_STS_PROTECTION: return false; } /* Anything else could be a path failure, so should be retried */ return true; } /* * From most significant bit: * 1 bit: reserved for other usage, see below * 12 bits: original size of bio * 51 bits: issue time of bio */ #define BIO_ISSUE_RES_BITS 1 #define BIO_ISSUE_SIZE_BITS 12 #define BIO_ISSUE_RES_SHIFT (64 - BIO_ISSUE_RES_BITS) #define BIO_ISSUE_SIZE_SHIFT (BIO_ISSUE_RES_SHIFT - BIO_ISSUE_SIZE_BITS) #define BIO_ISSUE_TIME_MASK ((1ULL << BIO_ISSUE_SIZE_SHIFT) - 1) #define BIO_ISSUE_SIZE_MASK \ (((1ULL << BIO_ISSUE_SIZE_BITS) - 1) << BIO_ISSUE_SIZE_SHIFT) #define BIO_ISSUE_RES_MASK (~((1ULL << BIO_ISSUE_RES_SHIFT) - 1)) /* Reserved bit for blk-throtl */ #define BIO_ISSUE_THROTL_SKIP_LATENCY (1ULL << 63) struct bio_issue { u64 value; }; static inline u64 __bio_issue_time(u64 time) { return time & BIO_ISSUE_TIME_MASK; } static inline u64 bio_issue_time(struct bio_issue *issue) { return __bio_issue_time(issue->value); } static inline sector_t bio_issue_size(struct bio_issue *issue) { return ((issue->value & BIO_ISSUE_SIZE_MASK) >> BIO_ISSUE_SIZE_SHIFT); } static inline void bio_issue_init(struct bio_issue *issue, sector_t size) { size &= (1ULL << BIO_ISSUE_SIZE_BITS) - 1; issue->value = ((issue->value & BIO_ISSUE_RES_MASK) | (ktime_get_ns() & BIO_ISSUE_TIME_MASK) | ((u64)size << BIO_ISSUE_SIZE_SHIFT)); } /* * main unit of I/O for the block layer and lower layers (ie drivers and * stacking drivers) */ struct bio { struct bio *bi_next; /* request queue link */ struct gendisk *bi_disk; unsigned int bi_opf; /* bottom bits req flags, * top bits REQ_OP. Use * accessors. */ unsigned short bi_flags; /* status, etc and bvec pool number */ unsigned short bi_ioprio; unsigned short bi_write_hint; blk_status_t bi_status; u8 bi_partno; atomic_t __bi_remaining; struct bvec_iter bi_iter; bio_end_io_t *bi_end_io; void *bi_private; #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP /* * Represents the association of the css and request_queue for the bio. * If a bio goes direct to device, it will not have a blkg as it will * not have a request_queue associated with it. The reference is put * on release of the bio. */ struct blkcg_gq *bi_blkg; struct bio_issue bi_issue; #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP_IOCOST u64 bi_iocost_cost; #endif #endif #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_INLINE_ENCRYPTION struct bio_crypt_ctx *bi_crypt_context; #endif union { #if defined(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY) struct bio_integrity_payload *bi_integrity; /* data integrity */ #endif }; unsigned short bi_vcnt; /* how many bio_vec's */ /* * Everything starting with bi_max_vecs will be preserved by bio_reset() */ unsigned short bi_max_vecs; /* max bvl_vecs we can hold */ atomic_t __bi_cnt; /* pin count */ struct bio_vec *bi_io_vec; /* the actual vec list */ struct bio_set *bi_pool; /* * We can inline a number of vecs at the end of the bio, to avoid * double allocations for a small number of bio_vecs. This member * MUST obviously be kept at the very end of the bio. */ struct bio_vec bi_inline_vecs[]; }; #define BIO_RESET_BYTES offsetof(struct bio, bi_max_vecs) /* * bio flags */ enum { BIO_NO_PAGE_REF, /* don't put release vec pages */ BIO_CLONED, /* doesn't own data */ BIO_BOUNCED, /* bio is a bounce bio */ BIO_WORKINGSET, /* contains userspace workingset pages */ BIO_QUIET, /* Make BIO Quiet */ BIO_CHAIN, /* chained bio, ->bi_remaining in effect */ BIO_REFFED, /* bio has elevated ->bi_cnt */ BIO_THROTTLED, /* This bio has already been subjected to * throttling rules. Don't do it again. */ BIO_TRACE_COMPLETION, /* bio_endio() should trace the final completion * of this bio. */ BIO_CGROUP_ACCT, /* has been accounted to a cgroup */ BIO_TRACKED, /* set if bio goes through the rq_qos path */ BIO_FLAG_LAST }; /* See BVEC_POOL_OFFSET below before adding new flags */ /* * We support 6 different bvec pools, the last one is magic in that it * is backed by a mempool. */ #define BVEC_POOL_NR 6 #define BVEC_POOL_MAX (BVEC_POOL_NR - 1) /* * Top 3 bits of bio flags indicate the pool the bvecs came from. We add * 1 to the actual index so that 0 indicates that there are no bvecs to be * freed. */ #define BVEC_POOL_BITS (3) #define BVEC_POOL_OFFSET (16 - BVEC_POOL_BITS) #define BVEC_POOL_IDX(bio) ((bio)->bi_flags >> BVEC_POOL_OFFSET) #if (1<< BVEC_POOL_BITS) < (BVEC_POOL_NR+1) # error "BVEC_POOL_BITS is too small" #endif /* * Flags starting here get preserved by bio_reset() - this includes * only BVEC_POOL_IDX() */ #define BIO_RESET_BITS BVEC_POOL_OFFSET typedef __u32 __bitwise blk_mq_req_flags_t; /* * Operations and flags common to the bio and request structures. * We use 8 bits for encoding the operation, and the remaining 24 for flags. * * The least significant bit of the operation number indicates the data * transfer direction: * * - if the least significant bit is set transfers are TO the device * - if the least significant bit is not set transfers are FROM the device * * If a operation does not transfer data the least significant bit has no * meaning. */ #define REQ_OP_BITS 8 #define REQ_OP_MASK ((1 << REQ_OP_BITS) - 1) #define REQ_FLAG_BITS 24 enum req_opf { /* read sectors from the device */ REQ_OP_READ = 0, /* write sectors to the device */ REQ_OP_WRITE = 1, /* flush the volatile write cache */ REQ_OP_FLUSH = 2, /* discard sectors */ REQ_OP_DISCARD = 3, /* securely erase sectors */ REQ_OP_SECURE_ERASE = 5, /* write the same sector many times */ REQ_OP_WRITE_SAME = 7, /* write the zero filled sector many times */ REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES = 9, /* Open a zone */ REQ_OP_ZONE_OPEN = 10, /* Close a zone */ REQ_OP_ZONE_CLOSE = 11, /* Transition a zone to full */ REQ_OP_ZONE_FINISH = 12, /* write data at the current zone write pointer */ REQ_OP_ZONE_APPEND = 13, /* reset a zone write pointer */ REQ_OP_ZONE_RESET = 15, /* reset all the zone present on the device */ REQ_OP_ZONE_RESET_ALL = 17, /* SCSI passthrough using struct scsi_request */ REQ_OP_SCSI_IN = 32, REQ_OP_SCSI_OUT = 33, /* Driver private requests */ REQ_OP_DRV_IN = 34, REQ_OP_DRV_OUT = 35, REQ_OP_LAST, }; enum req_flag_bits { __REQ_FAILFAST_DEV = /* no driver retries of device errors */ REQ_OP_BITS, __REQ_FAILFAST_TRANSPORT, /* no driver retries of transport errors */ __REQ_FAILFAST_DRIVER, /* no driver retries of driver errors */ __REQ_SYNC, /* request is sync (sync write or read) */ __REQ_META, /* metadata io request */ __REQ_PRIO, /* boost priority in cfq */ __REQ_NOMERGE, /* don't touch this for merging */ __REQ_IDLE, /* anticipate more IO after this one */ __REQ_INTEGRITY, /* I/O includes block integrity payload */ __REQ_FUA, /* forced unit access */ __REQ_PREFLUSH, /* request for cache flush */ __REQ_RAHEAD, /* read ahead, can fail anytime */ __REQ_BACKGROUND, /* background IO */ __REQ_NOWAIT, /* Don't wait if request will block */ /* * When a shared kthread needs to issue a bio for a cgroup, doing * so synchronously can lead to priority inversions as the kthread * can be trapped waiting for that cgroup. CGROUP_PUNT flag makes * submit_bio() punt the actual issuing to a dedicated per-blkcg * work item to avoid such priority inversions. */ __REQ_CGROUP_PUNT, /* command specific flags for REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES: */ __REQ_NOUNMAP, /* do not free blocks when zeroing */ __REQ_HIPRI, /* for driver use */ __REQ_DRV, __REQ_SWAP, /* swapping request. */ __REQ_NR_BITS, /* stops here */ }; #define REQ_FAILFAST_DEV (1ULL << __REQ_FAILFAST_DEV) #define REQ_FAILFAST_TRANSPORT (1ULL << __REQ_FAILFAST_TRANSPORT) #define REQ_FAILFAST_DRIVER (1ULL << __REQ_FAILFAST_DRIVER) #define REQ_SYNC (1ULL << __REQ_SYNC) #define REQ_META (1ULL << __REQ_META) #define REQ_PRIO (1ULL << __REQ_PRIO) #define REQ_NOMERGE (1ULL << __REQ_NOMERGE) #define REQ_IDLE (1ULL << __REQ_IDLE) #define REQ_INTEGRITY (1ULL << __REQ_INTEGRITY) #define REQ_FUA (1ULL << __REQ_FUA) #define REQ_PREFLUSH (1ULL << __REQ_PREFLUSH) #define REQ_RAHEAD (1ULL << __REQ_RAHEAD) #define REQ_BACKGROUND (1ULL << __REQ_BACKGROUND) #define REQ_NOWAIT (1ULL << __REQ_NOWAIT) #define REQ_CGROUP_PUNT (1ULL << __REQ_CGROUP_PUNT) #define REQ_NOUNMAP (1ULL << __REQ_NOUNMAP) #define REQ_HIPRI (1ULL << __REQ_HIPRI) #define REQ_DRV (1ULL << __REQ_DRV) #define REQ_SWAP (1ULL << __REQ_SWAP) #define REQ_FAILFAST_MASK \ (REQ_FAILFAST_DEV | REQ_FAILFAST_TRANSPORT | REQ_FAILFAST_DRIVER) #define REQ_NOMERGE_FLAGS \ (REQ_NOMERGE | REQ_PREFLUSH | REQ_FUA) enum stat_group { STAT_READ, STAT_WRITE, STAT_DISCARD, STAT_FLUSH, NR_STAT_GROUPS }; #define bio_op(bio) \ ((bio)->bi_opf & REQ_OP_MASK) #define req_op(req) \ ((req)->cmd_flags & REQ_OP_MASK) /* obsolete, don't use in new code */ static inline void bio_set_op_attrs(struct bio *bio, unsigned op, unsigned op_flags) { bio->bi_opf = op | op_flags; } static inline bool op_is_write(unsigned int op) { return (op & 1); } /* * Check if the bio or request is one that needs special treatment in the * flush state machine. */ static inline bool op_is_flush(unsigned int op) { return op & (REQ_FUA | REQ_PREFLUSH); } /* * Reads are always treated as synchronous, as are requests with the FUA or * PREFLUSH flag. Other operations may be marked as synchronous using the * REQ_SYNC flag. */ static inline bool op_is_sync(unsigned int op) { return (op & REQ_OP_MASK) == REQ_OP_READ || (op & (REQ_SYNC | REQ_FUA | REQ_PREFLUSH)); } static inline bool op_is_discard(unsigned int op) { return (op & REQ_OP_MASK) == REQ_OP_DISCARD; } /* * Check if a bio or request operation is a zone management operation, with * the exception of REQ_OP_ZONE_RESET_ALL which is treated as a special case * due to its different handling in the block layer and device response in * case of command failure. */ static inline bool op_is_zone_mgmt(enum req_opf op) { switch (op & REQ_OP_MASK) { case REQ_OP_ZONE_RESET: case REQ_OP_ZONE_OPEN: case REQ_OP_ZONE_CLOSE: case REQ_OP_ZONE_FINISH: return true; default: return false; } } static inline int op_stat_group(unsigned int op) { if (op_is_discard(op)) return STAT_DISCARD; return op_is_write(op); } typedef unsigned int blk_qc_t; #define BLK_QC_T_NONE -1U #define BLK_QC_T_SHIFT 16 #define BLK_QC_T_INTERNAL (1U << 31) static inline bool blk_qc_t_valid(blk_qc_t cookie) { return cookie != BLK_QC_T_NONE; } static inline unsigned int blk_qc_t_to_queue_num(blk_qc_t cookie) { return (cookie & ~BLK_QC_T_INTERNAL) >> BLK_QC_T_SHIFT; } static inline unsigned int blk_qc_t_to_tag(blk_qc_t cookie) { return cookie & ((1u << BLK_QC_T_SHIFT) - 1); } static inline bool blk_qc_t_is_internal(blk_qc_t cookie) { return (cookie & BLK_QC_T_INTERNAL) != 0; } struct blk_rq_stat { u64 mean; u64 min; u64 max; u32 nr_samples; u64 batch; }; #endif /* __LINUX_BLK_TYPES_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Common values for SHA algorithms */ #ifndef _CRYPTO_SHA_H #define _CRYPTO_SHA_H #include <linux/types.h> #define SHA1_DIGEST_SIZE 20 #define SHA1_BLOCK_SIZE 64 #define SHA224_DIGEST_SIZE 28 #define SHA224_BLOCK_SIZE 64 #define SHA256_DIGEST_SIZE 32 #define SHA256_BLOCK_SIZE 64 #define SHA384_DIGEST_SIZE 48 #define SHA384_BLOCK_SIZE 128 #define SHA512_DIGEST_SIZE 64 #define SHA512_BLOCK_SIZE 128 #define SHA1_H0 0x67452301UL #define SHA1_H1 0xefcdab89UL #define SHA1_H2 0x98badcfeUL #define SHA1_H3 0x10325476UL #define SHA1_H4 0xc3d2e1f0UL #define SHA224_H0 0xc1059ed8UL #define SHA224_H1 0x367cd507UL #define SHA224_H2 0x3070dd17UL #define SHA224_H3 0xf70e5939UL #define SHA224_H4 0xffc00b31UL #define SHA224_H5 0x68581511UL #define SHA224_H6 0x64f98fa7UL #define SHA224_H7 0xbefa4fa4UL #define SHA256_H0 0x6a09e667UL #define SHA256_H1 0xbb67ae85UL #define SHA256_H2 0x3c6ef372UL #define SHA256_H3 0xa54ff53aUL #define SHA256_H4 0x510e527fUL #define SHA256_H5 0x9b05688cUL #define SHA256_H6 0x1f83d9abUL #define SHA256_H7 0x5be0cd19UL #define SHA384_H0 0xcbbb9d5dc1059ed8ULL #define SHA384_H1 0x629a292a367cd507ULL #define SHA384_H2 0x9159015a3070dd17ULL #define SHA384_H3 0x152fecd8f70e5939ULL #define SHA384_H4 0x67332667ffc00b31ULL #define SHA384_H5 0x8eb44a8768581511ULL #define SHA384_H6 0xdb0c2e0d64f98fa7ULL #define SHA384_H7 0x47b5481dbefa4fa4ULL #define SHA512_H0 0x6a09e667f3bcc908ULL #define SHA512_H1 0xbb67ae8584caa73bULL #define SHA512_H2 0x3c6ef372fe94f82bULL #define SHA512_H3 0xa54ff53a5f1d36f1ULL #define SHA512_H4 0x510e527fade682d1ULL #define SHA512_H5 0x9b05688c2b3e6c1fULL #define SHA512_H6 0x1f83d9abfb41bd6bULL #define SHA512_H7 0x5be0cd19137e2179ULL extern const u8 sha1_zero_message_hash[SHA1_DIGEST_SIZE]; extern const u8 sha224_zero_message_hash[SHA224_DIGEST_SIZE]; extern const u8 sha256_zero_message_hash[SHA256_DIGEST_SIZE]; extern const u8 sha384_zero_message_hash[SHA384_DIGEST_SIZE]; extern const u8 sha512_zero_message_hash[SHA512_DIGEST_SIZE]; struct sha1_state { u32 state[SHA1_DIGEST_SIZE / 4]; u64 count; u8 buffer[SHA1_BLOCK_SIZE]; }; struct sha256_state { u32 state[SHA256_DIGEST_SIZE / 4]; u64 count; u8 buf[SHA256_BLOCK_SIZE]; }; struct sha512_state { u64 state[SHA512_DIGEST_SIZE / 8]; u64 count[2]; u8 buf[SHA512_BLOCK_SIZE]; }; struct shash_desc; extern int crypto_sha1_update(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data, unsigned int len); extern int crypto_sha1_finup(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data, unsigned int len, u8 *hash); extern int crypto_sha256_update(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data, unsigned int len); extern int crypto_sha256_finup(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data, unsigned int len, u8 *hash); extern int crypto_sha512_update(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data, unsigned int len); extern int crypto_sha512_finup(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data, unsigned int len, u8 *hash); /* * An implementation of SHA-1's compression function. Don't use in new code! * You shouldn't be using SHA-1, and even if you *have* to use SHA-1, this isn't * the correct way to hash something with SHA-1 (use crypto_shash instead). */ #define SHA1_DIGEST_WORDS (SHA1_DIGEST_SIZE / 4) #define SHA1_WORKSPACE_WORDS 16 void sha1_init(__u32 *buf); void sha1_transform(__u32 *digest, const char *data, __u32 *W); /* * Stand-alone implementation of the SHA256 algorithm. It is designed to * have as little dependencies as possible so it can be used in the * kexec_file purgatory. In other cases you should generally use the * hash APIs from include/crypto/hash.h. Especially when hashing large * amounts of data as those APIs may be hw-accelerated. * * For details see lib/crypto/sha256.c */ static inline void sha256_init(struct sha256_state *sctx) { sctx->state[0] = SHA256_H0; sctx->state[1] = SHA256_H1; sctx->state[2] = SHA256_H2; sctx->state[3] = SHA256_H3; sctx->state[4] = SHA256_H4; sctx->state[5] = SHA256_H5; sctx->state[6] = SHA256_H6; sctx->state[7] = SHA256_H7; sctx->count = 0; } void sha256_update(struct sha256_state *sctx, const u8 *data, unsigned int len); void sha256_final(struct sha256_state *sctx, u8 *out); void sha256(const u8 *data, unsigned int len, u8 *out); static inline void sha224_init(struct sha256_state *sctx) { sctx->state[0] = SHA224_H0; sctx->state[1] = SHA224_H1; sctx->state[2] = SHA224_H2; sctx->state[3] = SHA224_H3; sctx->state[4] = SHA224_H4; sctx->state[5] = SHA224_H5; sctx->state[6] = SHA224_H6; sctx->state[7] = SHA224_H7; sctx->count = 0; } void sha224_update(struct sha256_state *sctx, const u8 *data, unsigned int len); void sha224_final(struct sha256_state *sctx, u8 *out); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Copyright (C) 2018 Christoph Hellwig. * * DMA operations that map physical memory directly without using an IOMMU. */ #ifndef _KERNEL_DMA_DIRECT_H #define _KERNEL_DMA_DIRECT_H #include <linux/dma-direct.h> int dma_direct_get_sgtable(struct device *dev, struct sg_table *sgt, void *cpu_addr, dma_addr_t dma_addr, size_t size, unsigned long attrs); bool dma_direct_can_mmap(struct device *dev); int dma_direct_mmap(struct device *dev, struct vm_area_struct *vma, void *cpu_addr, dma_addr_t dma_addr, size_t size, unsigned long attrs); bool dma_direct_need_sync(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t dma_addr); int dma_direct_map_sg(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nents, enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs); size_t dma_direct_max_mapping_size(struct device *dev); #if defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYNC_DMA_FOR_DEVICE) || \ defined(CONFIG_SWIOTLB) void dma_direct_sync_sg_for_device(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nents, enum dma_data_direction dir); #else static inline void dma_direct_sync_sg_for_device(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nents, enum dma_data_direction dir) { } #endif #if defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYNC_DMA_FOR_CPU) || \ defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYNC_DMA_FOR_CPU_ALL) || \ defined(CONFIG_SWIOTLB) void dma_direct_unmap_sg(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nents, enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs); void dma_direct_sync_sg_for_cpu(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nents, enum dma_data_direction dir); #else static inline void dma_direct_unmap_sg(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nents, enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs) { } static inline void dma_direct_sync_sg_for_cpu(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nents, enum dma_data_direction dir) { } #endif static inline void dma_direct_sync_single_for_device(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t addr, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir) { phys_addr_t paddr = dma_to_phys(dev, addr); if (unlikely(is_swiotlb_buffer(paddr))) swiotlb_tbl_sync_single(dev, paddr, size, dir, SYNC_FOR_DEVICE); if (!dev_is_dma_coherent(dev)) arch_sync_dma_for_device(paddr, size, dir); } static inline void dma_direct_sync_single_for_cpu(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t addr, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir) { phys_addr_t paddr = dma_to_phys(dev, addr); if (!dev_is_dma_coherent(dev)) { arch_sync_dma_for_cpu(paddr, size, dir); arch_sync_dma_for_cpu_all(); } if (unlikely(is_swiotlb_buffer(paddr))) swiotlb_tbl_sync_single(dev, paddr, size, dir, SYNC_FOR_CPU); if (dir == DMA_FROM_DEVICE) arch_dma_mark_clean(paddr, size); } static inline dma_addr_t dma_direct_map_page(struct device *dev, struct page *page, unsigned long offset, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs) { phys_addr_t phys = page_to_phys(page) + offset; dma_addr_t dma_addr = phys_to_dma(dev, phys); if (unlikely(swiotlb_force == SWIOTLB_FORCE)) return swiotlb_map(dev, phys, size, dir, attrs); if (unlikely(!dma_capable(dev, dma_addr, size, true))) { if (swiotlb_force != SWIOTLB_NO_FORCE) return swiotlb_map(dev, phys, size, dir, attrs); dev_WARN_ONCE(dev, 1, "DMA addr %pad+%zu overflow (mask %llx, bus limit %llx).\n", &dma_addr, size, *dev->dma_mask, dev->bus_dma_limit); return DMA_MAPPING_ERROR; } if (!dev_is_dma_coherent(dev) && !(attrs & DMA_ATTR_SKIP_CPU_SYNC)) arch_sync_dma_for_device(phys, size, dir); return dma_addr; } static inline void dma_direct_unmap_page(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t addr, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs) { phys_addr_t phys = dma_to_phys(dev, addr); if (!(attrs & DMA_ATTR_SKIP_CPU_SYNC)) dma_direct_sync_single_for_cpu(dev, addr, size, dir); if (unlikely(is_swiotlb_buffer(phys))) swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single(dev, phys, size, size, dir, attrs); } #endif /* _KERNEL_DMA_DIRECT_H */
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * fs/ext4/extents_status.h * * Written by Yongqiang Yang <xiaoqiangnk@gmail.com> * Modified by * Allison Henderson <achender@linux.vnet.ibm.com> * Zheng Liu <wenqing.lz@taobao.com> * */ #ifndef _EXT4_EXTENTS_STATUS_H #define _EXT4_EXTENTS_STATUS_H /* * Turn on ES_DEBUG__ to get lots of info about extent status operations. */ #ifdef ES_DEBUG__ #define es_debug(fmt, ...) printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define es_debug(fmt, ...) no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /* * With ES_AGGRESSIVE_TEST defined, the result of es caching will be * checked with old map_block's result. */ #define ES_AGGRESSIVE_TEST__ /* * These flags live in the high bits of extent_status.es_pblk */ enum { ES_WRITTEN_B, ES_UNWRITTEN_B, ES_DELAYED_B, ES_HOLE_B, ES_REFERENCED_B, ES_FLAGS }; #define ES_SHIFT (sizeof(ext4_fsblk_t)*8 - ES_FLAGS) #define ES_MASK (~((ext4_fsblk_t)0) << ES_SHIFT) #define EXTENT_STATUS_WRITTEN (1 << ES_WRITTEN_B) #define EXTENT_STATUS_UNWRITTEN (1 << ES_UNWRITTEN_B) #define EXTENT_STATUS_DELAYED (1 << ES_DELAYED_B) #define EXTENT_STATUS_HOLE (1 << ES_HOLE_B) #define EXTENT_STATUS_REFERENCED (1 << ES_REFERENCED_B) #define ES_TYPE_MASK ((ext4_fsblk_t)(EXTENT_STATUS_WRITTEN | \ EXTENT_STATUS_UNWRITTEN | \ EXTENT_STATUS_DELAYED | \ EXTENT_STATUS_HOLE) << ES_SHIFT) struct ext4_sb_info; struct ext4_extent; struct extent_status { struct rb_node rb_node; ext4_lblk_t es_lblk; /* first logical block extent covers */ ext4_lblk_t es_len; /* length of extent in block */ ext4_fsblk_t es_pblk; /* first physical block */ }; struct ext4_es_tree { struct rb_root root; struct extent_status *cache_es; /* recently accessed extent */ }; struct ext4_es_stats { unsigned long es_stats_shrunk; struct percpu_counter es_stats_cache_hits; struct percpu_counter es_stats_cache_misses; u64 es_stats_scan_time; u64 es_stats_max_scan_time; struct percpu_counter es_stats_all_cnt; struct percpu_counter es_stats_shk_cnt; }; /* * Pending cluster reservations for bigalloc file systems * * A cluster with a pending reservation is a logical cluster shared by at * least one extent in the extents status tree with delayed and unwritten * status and at least one other written or unwritten extent. The * reservation is said to be pending because a cluster reservation would * have to be taken in the event all blocks in the cluster shared with * written or unwritten extents were deleted while the delayed and * unwritten blocks remained. * * The set of pending cluster reservations is an auxiliary data structure * used with the extents status tree to implement reserved cluster/block * accounting for bigalloc file systems. The set is kept in memory and * records all pending cluster reservations. * * Its primary function is to avoid the need to read extents from the * disk when invalidating pages as a result of a truncate, punch hole, or * collapse range operation. Page invalidation requires a decrease in the * reserved cluster count if it results in the removal of all delayed * and unwritten extents (blocks) from a cluster that is not shared with a * written or unwritten extent, and no decrease otherwise. Determining * whether the cluster is shared can be done by searching for a pending * reservation on it. * * Secondarily, it provides a potentially faster method for determining * whether the reserved cluster count should be increased when a physical * cluster is deallocated as a result of a truncate, punch hole, or * collapse range operation. The necessary information is also present * in the extents status tree, but might be more rapidly accessed in * the pending reservation set in many cases due to smaller size. * * The pending cluster reservation set is implemented as a red-black tree * with the goal of minimizing per page search time overhead. */ struct pending_reservation { struct rb_node rb_node; ext4_lblk_t lclu; }; struct ext4_pending_tree { struct rb_root root; }; extern int __init ext4_init_es(void); extern void ext4_exit_es(void); extern void ext4_es_init_tree(struct ext4_es_tree *tree); extern int ext4_es_insert_extent(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk, ext4_lblk_t len, ext4_fsblk_t pblk, unsigned int status); extern void ext4_es_cache_extent(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk, ext4_lblk_t len, ext4_fsblk_t pblk, unsigned int status); extern int ext4_es_remove_extent(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk, ext4_lblk_t len); extern void ext4_es_find_extent_range(struct inode *inode, int (*match_fn)(struct extent_status *es), ext4_lblk_t lblk, ext4_lblk_t end, struct extent_status *es); extern int ext4_es_lookup_extent(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk, ext4_lblk_t *next_lblk, struct extent_status *es); extern bool ext4_es_scan_range(struct inode *inode, int (*matching_fn)(struct extent_status *es), ext4_lblk_t lblk, ext4_lblk_t end); extern bool ext4_es_scan_clu(struct inode *inode, int (*matching_fn)(struct extent_status *es), ext4_lblk_t lblk); static inline unsigned int ext4_es_status(struct extent_status *es) { return es->es_pblk >> ES_SHIFT; } static inline unsigned int ext4_es_type(struct extent_status *es) { return (es->es_pblk & ES_TYPE_MASK) >> ES_SHIFT; } static inline int ext4_es_is_written(struct extent_status *es) { return (ext4_es_type(es) & EXTENT_STATUS_WRITTEN) != 0; } static inline int ext4_es_is_unwritten(struct extent_status *es) { return (ext4_es_type(es) & EXTENT_STATUS_UNWRITTEN) != 0; } static inline int ext4_es_is_delayed(struct extent_status *es) { return (ext4_es_type(es) & EXTENT_STATUS_DELAYED) != 0; } static inline int ext4_es_is_hole(struct extent_status *es) { return (ext4_es_type(es) & EXTENT_STATUS_HOLE) != 0; } static inline int ext4_es_is_mapped(struct extent_status *es) { return (ext4_es_is_written(es) || ext4_es_is_unwritten(es)); } static inline int ext4_es_is_delonly(struct extent_status *es) { return (ext4_es_is_delayed(es) && !ext4_es_is_unwritten(es)); } static inline void ext4_es_set_referenced(struct extent_status *es) { es->es_pblk |= ((ext4_fsblk_t)EXTENT_STATUS_REFERENCED) << ES_SHIFT; } static inline void ext4_es_clear_referenced(struct extent_status *es) { es->es_pblk &= ~(((ext4_fsblk_t)EXTENT_STATUS_REFERENCED) << ES_SHIFT); } static inline int ext4_es_is_referenced(struct extent_status *es) { return (ext4_es_status(es) & EXTENT_STATUS_REFERENCED) != 0; } static inline ext4_fsblk_t ext4_es_pblock(struct extent_status *es) { return es->es_pblk & ~ES_MASK; } static inline ext4_fsblk_t ext4_es_show_pblock(struct extent_status *es) { ext4_fsblk_t pblock = ext4_es_pblock(es); return pblock == ~ES_MASK ? 0 : pblock; } static inline void ext4_es_store_pblock(struct extent_status *es, ext4_fsblk_t pb) { ext4_fsblk_t block; block = (pb & ~ES_MASK) | (es->es_pblk & ES_MASK); es->es_pblk = block; } static inline void ext4_es_store_status(struct extent_status *es, unsigned int status) { es->es_pblk = (((ext4_fsblk_t)status << ES_SHIFT) & ES_MASK) | (es->es_pblk & ~ES_MASK); } static inline void ext4_es_store_pblock_status(struct extent_status *es, ext4_fsblk_t pb, unsigned int status) { es->es_pblk = (((ext4_fsblk_t)status << ES_SHIFT) & ES_MASK) | (pb & ~ES_MASK); } extern int ext4_es_register_shrinker(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi); extern void ext4_es_unregister_shrinker(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi); extern int ext4_seq_es_shrinker_info_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v); extern int __init ext4_init_pending(void); extern void ext4_exit_pending(void); extern void ext4_init_pending_tree(struct ext4_pending_tree *tree); extern void ext4_remove_pending(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk); extern bool ext4_is_pending(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk); extern int ext4_es_insert_delayed_block(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk, bool allocated); extern unsigned int ext4_es_delayed_clu(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk, ext4_lblk_t len); extern void ext4_clear_inode_es(struct inode *inode); #endif /* _EXT4_EXTENTS_STATUS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* internal.h: mm/ internal definitions * * Copyright (C) 2004 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved. * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com) */ #ifndef __MM_INTERNAL_H #define __MM_INTERNAL_H #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/tracepoint-defs.h> /* * The set of flags that only affect watermark checking and reclaim * behaviour. This is used by the MM to obey the caller constraints * about IO, FS and watermark checking while ignoring placement * hints such as HIGHMEM usage. */ #define GFP_RECLAIM_MASK (__GFP_RECLAIM|__GFP_HIGH|__GFP_IO|__GFP_FS|\ __GFP_NOWARN|__GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL|__GFP_NOFAIL|\ __GFP_NORETRY|__GFP_MEMALLOC|__GFP_NOMEMALLOC|\ __GFP_ATOMIC) /* The GFP flags allowed during early boot */ #define GFP_BOOT_MASK (__GFP_BITS_MASK & ~(__GFP_RECLAIM|__GFP_IO|__GFP_FS)) /* Control allocation cpuset and node placement constraints */ #define GFP_CONSTRAINT_MASK (__GFP_HARDWALL|__GFP_THISNODE) /* Do not use these with a slab allocator */ #define GFP_SLAB_BUG_MASK (__GFP_DMA32|__GFP_HIGHMEM|~__GFP_BITS_MASK) void page_writeback_init(void); vm_fault_t do_swap_page(struct vm_fault *vmf); void free_pgtables(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *start_vma, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling); static inline bool can_madv_lru_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return !(vma->vm_flags & (VM_LOCKED|VM_HUGETLB|VM_PFNMAP)); } void unmap_page_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details); void do_page_cache_ra(struct readahead_control *, unsigned long nr_to_read, unsigned long lookahead_size); void force_page_cache_ra(struct readahead_control *, struct file_ra_state *, unsigned long nr); static inline void force_page_cache_readahead(struct address_space *mapping, struct file *file, pgoff_t index, unsigned long nr_to_read) { DEFINE_READAHEAD(ractl, file, mapping, index); force_page_cache_ra(&ractl, &file->f_ra, nr_to_read); } struct page *find_get_entry(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index); struct page *find_lock_entry(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index); /** * page_evictable - test whether a page is evictable * @page: the page to test * * Test whether page is evictable--i.e., should be placed on active/inactive * lists vs unevictable list. * * Reasons page might not be evictable: * (1) page's mapping marked unevictable * (2) page is part of an mlocked VMA * */ static inline bool page_evictable(struct page *page) { bool ret; /* Prevent address_space of inode and swap cache from being freed */ rcu_read_lock(); ret = !mapping_unevictable(page_mapping(page)) && !PageMlocked(page); rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } /* * Turn a non-refcounted page (->_refcount == 0) into refcounted with * a count of one. */ static inline void set_page_refcounted(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageTail(page), page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_ref_count(page), page); set_page_count(page, 1); } extern unsigned long highest_memmap_pfn; /* * Maximum number of reclaim retries without progress before the OOM * killer is consider the only way forward. */ #define MAX_RECLAIM_RETRIES 16 /* * in mm/vmscan.c: */ extern int isolate_lru_page(struct page *page); extern void putback_lru_page(struct page *page); /* * in mm/rmap.c: */ extern pmd_t *mm_find_pmd(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address); /* * in mm/page_alloc.c */ /* * Structure for holding the mostly immutable allocation parameters passed * between functions involved in allocations, including the alloc_pages* * family of functions. * * nodemask, migratetype and highest_zoneidx are initialized only once in * __alloc_pages_nodemask() and then never change. * * zonelist, preferred_zone and highest_zoneidx are set first in * __alloc_pages_nodemask() for the fast path, and might be later changed * in __alloc_pages_slowpath(). All other functions pass the whole structure * by a const pointer. */ struct alloc_context { struct zonelist *zonelist; nodemask_t *nodemask; struct zoneref *preferred_zoneref; int migratetype; /* * highest_zoneidx represents highest usable zone index of * the allocation request. Due to the nature of the zone, * memory on lower zone than the highest_zoneidx will be * protected by lowmem_reserve[highest_zoneidx]. * * highest_zoneidx is also used by reclaim/compaction to limit * the target zone since higher zone than this index cannot be * usable for this allocation request. */ enum zone_type highest_zoneidx; bool spread_dirty_pages; }; /* * Locate the struct page for both the matching buddy in our * pair (buddy1) and the combined O(n+1) page they form (page). * * 1) Any buddy B1 will have an order O twin B2 which satisfies * the following equation: * B2 = B1 ^ (1 << O) * For example, if the starting buddy (buddy2) is #8 its order * 1 buddy is #10: * B2 = 8 ^ (1 << 1) = 8 ^ 2 = 10 * * 2) Any buddy B will have an order O+1 parent P which * satisfies the following equation: * P = B & ~(1 << O) * * Assumption: *_mem_map is contiguous at least up to MAX_ORDER */ static inline unsigned long __find_buddy_pfn(unsigned long page_pfn, unsigned int order) { return page_pfn ^ (1 << order); } extern struct page *__pageblock_pfn_to_page(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn, struct zone *zone); static inline struct page *pageblock_pfn_to_page(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn, struct zone *zone) { if (zone->contiguous) return pfn_to_page(start_pfn); return __pageblock_pfn_to_page(start_pfn, end_pfn, zone); } extern int __isolate_free_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order); extern void __putback_isolated_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order, int mt); extern void memblock_free_pages(struct page *page, unsigned long pfn, unsigned int order); extern void __free_pages_core(struct page *page, unsigned int order); extern void prep_compound_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order); extern void post_alloc_hook(struct page *page, unsigned int order, gfp_t gfp_flags); extern int user_min_free_kbytes; extern void zone_pcp_update(struct zone *zone); extern void zone_pcp_reset(struct zone *zone); #if defined CONFIG_COMPACTION || defined CONFIG_CMA /* * in mm/compaction.c */ /* * compact_control is used to track pages being migrated and the free pages * they are being migrated to during memory compaction. The free_pfn starts * at the end of a zone and migrate_pfn begins at the start. Movable pages * are moved to the end of a zone during a compaction run and the run * completes when free_pfn <= migrate_pfn */ struct compact_control { struct list_head freepages; /* List of free pages to migrate to */ struct list_head migratepages; /* List of pages being migrated */ unsigned int nr_freepages; /* Number of isolated free pages */ unsigned int nr_migratepages; /* Number of pages to migrate */ unsigned long free_pfn; /* isolate_freepages search base */ unsigned long migrate_pfn; /* isolate_migratepages search base */ unsigned long fast_start_pfn; /* a pfn to start linear scan from */ struct zone *zone; unsigned long total_migrate_scanned; unsigned long total_free_scanned; unsigned short fast_search_fail;/* failures to use free list searches */ short search_order; /* order to start a fast search at */ const gfp_t gfp_mask; /* gfp mask of a direct compactor */ int order; /* order a direct compactor needs */ int migratetype; /* migratetype of direct compactor */ const unsigned int alloc_flags; /* alloc flags of a direct compactor */ const int highest_zoneidx; /* zone index of a direct compactor */ enum migrate_mode mode; /* Async or sync migration mode */ bool ignore_skip_hint; /* Scan blocks even if marked skip */ bool no_set_skip_hint; /* Don't mark blocks for skipping */ bool ignore_block_suitable; /* Scan blocks considered unsuitable */ bool direct_compaction; /* False from kcompactd or /proc/... */ bool proactive_compaction; /* kcompactd proactive compaction */ bool whole_zone; /* Whole zone should/has been scanned */ bool contended; /* Signal lock or sched contention */ bool rescan; /* Rescanning the same pageblock */ bool alloc_contig; /* alloc_contig_range allocation */ }; /* * Used in direct compaction when a page should be taken from the freelists * immediately when one is created during the free path. */ struct capture_control { struct compact_control *cc; struct page *page; }; unsigned long isolate_freepages_range(struct compact_control *cc, unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn); unsigned long isolate_migratepages_range(struct compact_control *cc, unsigned long low_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn); int find_suitable_fallback(struct free_area *area, unsigned int order, int migratetype, bool only_stealable, bool *can_steal); #endif /* * This function returns the order of a free page in the buddy system. In * general, page_zone(page)->lock must be held by the caller to prevent the * page from being allocated in parallel and returning garbage as the order. * If a caller does not hold page_zone(page)->lock, it must guarantee that the * page cannot be allocated or merged in parallel. Alternatively, it must * handle invalid values gracefully, and use buddy_order_unsafe() below. */ static inline unsigned int buddy_order(struct page *page) { /* PageBuddy() must be checked by the caller */ return page_private(page); } /* * Like buddy_order(), but for callers who cannot afford to hold the zone lock. * PageBuddy() should be checked first by the caller to minimize race window, * and invalid values must be handled gracefully. * * READ_ONCE is used so that if the caller assigns the result into a local * variable and e.g. tests it for valid range before using, the compiler cannot * decide to remove the variable and inline the page_private(page) multiple * times, potentially observing different values in the tests and the actual * use of the result. */ #define buddy_order_unsafe(page) READ_ONCE(page_private(page)) static inline bool is_cow_mapping(vm_flags_t flags) { return (flags & (VM_SHARED | VM_MAYWRITE)) == VM_MAYWRITE; } /* * These three helpers classifies VMAs for virtual memory accounting. */ /* * Executable code area - executable, not writable, not stack */ static inline bool is_exec_mapping(vm_flags_t flags) { return (flags & (VM_EXEC | VM_WRITE | VM_STACK)) == VM_EXEC; } /* * Stack area - atomatically grows in one direction * * VM_GROWSUP / VM_GROWSDOWN VMAs are always private anonymous: * do_mmap() forbids all other combinations. */ static inline bool is_stack_mapping(vm_flags_t flags) { return (flags & VM_STACK) == VM_STACK; } /* * Data area - private, writable, not stack */ static inline bool is_data_mapping(vm_flags_t flags) { return (flags & (VM_WRITE | VM_SHARED | VM_STACK)) == VM_WRITE; } /* mm/util.c */ void __vma_link_list(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *prev); void __vma_unlink_list(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern long populate_vma_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, int *nonblocking); extern void munlock_vma_pages_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); static inline void munlock_vma_pages_all(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { munlock_vma_pages_range(vma, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end); } /* * must be called with vma's mmap_lock held for read or write, and page locked. */ extern void mlock_vma_page(struct page *page); extern unsigned int munlock_vma_page(struct page *page); /* * Clear the page's PageMlocked(). This can be useful in a situation where * we want to unconditionally remove a page from the pagecache -- e.g., * on truncation or freeing. * * It is legal to call this function for any page, mlocked or not. * If called for a page that is still mapped by mlocked vmas, all we do * is revert to lazy LRU behaviour -- semantics are not broken. */ extern void clear_page_mlock(struct page *page); /* * mlock_migrate_page - called only from migrate_misplaced_transhuge_page() * (because that does not go through the full procedure of migration ptes): * to migrate the Mlocked page flag; update statistics. */ static inline void mlock_migrate_page(struct page *newpage, struct page *page) { if (TestClearPageMlocked(page)) { int nr_pages = thp_nr_pages(page); /* Holding pmd lock, no change in irq context: __mod is safe */ __mod_zone_page_state(page_zone(page), NR_MLOCK, -nr_pages); SetPageMlocked(newpage); __mod_zone_page_state(page_zone(newpage), NR_MLOCK, nr_pages); } } extern pmd_t maybe_pmd_mkwrite(pmd_t pmd, struct vm_area_struct *vma); /* * At what user virtual address is page expected in vma? * Returns -EFAULT if all of the page is outside the range of vma. * If page is a compound head, the entire compound page is considered. */ static inline unsigned long vma_address(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { pgoff_t pgoff; unsigned long address; VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageKsm(page), page); /* KSM page->index unusable */ pgoff = page_to_pgoff(page); if (pgoff >= vma->vm_pgoff) { address = vma->vm_start + ((pgoff - vma->vm_pgoff) << PAGE_SHIFT); /* Check for address beyond vma (or wrapped through 0?) */ if (address < vma->vm_start || address >= vma->vm_end) address = -EFAULT; } else if (PageHead(page) && pgoff + compound_nr(page) - 1 >= vma->vm_pgoff) { /* Test above avoids possibility of wrap to 0 on 32-bit */ address = vma->vm_start; } else { address = -EFAULT; } return address; } /* * Then at what user virtual address will none of the page be found in vma? * Assumes that vma_address() already returned a good starting address. * If page is a compound head, the entire compound page is considered. */ static inline unsigned long vma_address_end(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { pgoff_t pgoff; unsigned long address; VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageKsm(page), page); /* KSM page->index unusable */ pgoff = page_to_pgoff(page) + compound_nr(page); address = vma->vm_start + ((pgoff - vma->vm_pgoff) << PAGE_SHIFT); /* Check for address beyond vma (or wrapped through 0?) */ if (address < vma->vm_start || address > vma->vm_end) address = vma->vm_end; return address; } static inline struct file *maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct file *fpin) { int flags = vmf->flags; if (fpin) return fpin; /* * FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT means we don't want to wait on page locks or * anything, so we only pin the file and drop the mmap_lock if only * FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY is set, while this is the first attempt. */ if (fault_flag_allow_retry_first(flags) && !(flags & FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT)) { fpin = get_file(vmf->vma->vm_file); mmap_read_unlock(vmf->vma->vm_mm); } return fpin; } #else /* !CONFIG_MMU */ static inline void clear_page_mlock(struct page *page) { } static inline void mlock_vma_page(struct page *page) { } static inline void mlock_migrate_page(struct page *new, struct page *old) { } #endif /* !CONFIG_MMU */ /* * Return the mem_map entry representing the 'offset' subpage within * the maximally aligned gigantic page 'base'. Handle any discontiguity * in the mem_map at MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES boundaries. */ static inline struct page *mem_map_offset(struct page *base, int offset) { if (unlikely(offset >= MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES)) return nth_page(base, offset); return base + offset; } /* * Iterator over all subpages within the maximally aligned gigantic * page 'base'. Handle any discontiguity in the mem_map. */ static inline struct page *mem_map_next(struct page *iter, struct page *base, int offset) { if (unlikely((offset & (MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES - 1)) == 0)) { unsigned long pfn = page_to_pfn(base) + offset; if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) return NULL; return pfn_to_page(pfn); } return iter + 1; } /* Memory initialisation debug and verification */ enum mminit_level { MMINIT_WARNING, MMINIT_VERIFY, MMINIT_TRACE }; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_MEMORY_INIT extern int mminit_loglevel; #define mminit_dprintk(level, prefix, fmt, arg...) \ do { \ if (level < mminit_loglevel) { \ if (level <= MMINIT_WARNING) \ pr_warn("mminit::" prefix " " fmt, ##arg); \ else \ printk(KERN_DEBUG "mminit::" prefix " " fmt, ##arg); \ } \ } while (0) extern void mminit_verify_pageflags_layout(void); extern void mminit_verify_zonelist(void); #else static inline void mminit_dprintk(enum mminit_level level, const char *prefix, const char *fmt, ...) { } static inline void mminit_verify_pageflags_layout(void) { } static inline void mminit_verify_zonelist(void) { } #endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_MEMORY_INIT */ /* mminit_validate_memmodel_limits is independent of CONFIG_DEBUG_MEMORY_INIT */ #if defined(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM) extern void mminit_validate_memmodel_limits(unsigned long *start_pfn, unsigned long *end_pfn); #else static inline void mminit_validate_memmodel_limits(unsigned long *start_pfn, unsigned long *end_pfn) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SPARSEMEM */ #define NODE_RECLAIM_NOSCAN -2 #define NODE_RECLAIM_FULL -1 #define NODE_RECLAIM_SOME 0 #define NODE_RECLAIM_SUCCESS 1 #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA extern int node_reclaim(struct pglist_data *, gfp_t, unsigned int); #else static inline int node_reclaim(struct pglist_data *pgdat, gfp_t mask, unsigned int order) { return NODE_RECLAIM_NOSCAN; } #endif extern int hwpoison_filter(struct page *p); extern u32 hwpoison_filter_dev_major; extern u32 hwpoison_filter_dev_minor; extern u64 hwpoison_filter_flags_mask; extern u64 hwpoison_filter_flags_value; extern u64 hwpoison_filter_memcg; extern u32 hwpoison_filter_enable; extern unsigned long __must_check vm_mmap_pgoff(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern void set_pageblock_order(void); unsigned int reclaim_clean_pages_from_list(struct zone *zone, struct list_head *page_list); /* The ALLOC_WMARK bits are used as an index to zone->watermark */ #define ALLOC_WMARK_MIN WMARK_MIN #define ALLOC_WMARK_LOW WMARK_LOW #define ALLOC_WMARK_HIGH WMARK_HIGH #define ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS 0x04 /* don't check watermarks at all */ /* Mask to get the watermark bits */ #define ALLOC_WMARK_MASK (ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS-1) /* * Only MMU archs have async oom victim reclaim - aka oom_reaper so we * cannot assume a reduced access to memory reserves is sufficient for * !MMU */ #ifdef CONFIG_MMU #define ALLOC_OOM 0x08 #else #define ALLOC_OOM ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS #endif #define ALLOC_HARDER 0x10 /* try to alloc harder */ #define ALLOC_HIGH 0x20 /* __GFP_HIGH set */ #define ALLOC_CPUSET 0x40 /* check for correct cpuset */ #define ALLOC_CMA 0x80 /* allow allocations from CMA areas */ #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DMA32 #define ALLOC_NOFRAGMENT 0x100 /* avoid mixing pageblock types */ #else #define ALLOC_NOFRAGMENT 0x0 #endif #define ALLOC_KSWAPD 0x800 /* allow waking of kswapd, __GFP_KSWAPD_RECLAIM set */ enum ttu_flags; struct tlbflush_unmap_batch; /* * only for MM internal work items which do not depend on * any allocations or locks which might depend on allocations */ extern struct workqueue_struct *mm_percpu_wq; #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_BATCHED_UNMAP_TLB_FLUSH void try_to_unmap_flush(void); void try_to_unmap_flush_dirty(void); void flush_tlb_batched_pending(struct mm_struct *mm); #else static inline void try_to_unmap_flush(void) { } static inline void try_to_unmap_flush_dirty(void) { } static inline void flush_tlb_batched_pending(struct mm_struct *mm) { } #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_BATCHED_UNMAP_TLB_FLUSH */ extern const struct trace_print_flags pageflag_names[]; extern const struct trace_print_flags vmaflag_names[]; extern const struct trace_print_flags gfpflag_names[]; static inline bool is_migrate_highatomic(enum migratetype migratetype) { return migratetype == MIGRATE_HIGHATOMIC; } static inline bool is_migrate_highatomic_page(struct page *page) { return get_pageblock_migratetype(page) == MIGRATE_HIGHATOMIC; } void setup_zone_pageset(struct zone *zone); struct migration_target_control { int nid; /* preferred node id */ nodemask_t *nmask; gfp_t gfp_mask; }; #endif /* __MM_INTERNAL_H */
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * This header provides generic wrappers for memory access instrumentation that * the compiler cannot emit for: KASAN, KCSAN. */ #ifndef _LINUX_INSTRUMENTED_H #define _LINUX_INSTRUMENTED_H #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/kasan-checks.h> #include <linux/kcsan-checks.h> #include <linux/types.h> /** * instrument_read - instrument regular read access * * Instrument a regular read access. The instrumentation should be inserted * before the actual read happens. * * @ptr address of access * @size size of access */ static __always_inline void instrument_read(const volatile void *v, size_t size) { kasan_check_read(v, size); kcsan_check_read(v, size); } /** * instrument_write - instrument regular write access * * Instrument a regular write access. The instrumentation should be inserted * before the actual write happens. * * @ptr address of access * @size size of access */ static __always_inline void instrument_write(const volatile void *v, size_t size) { kasan_check_write(v, size); kcsan_check_write(v, size); } /** * instrument_read_write - instrument regular read-write access * * Instrument a regular write access. The instrumentation should be inserted * before the actual write happens. * * @ptr address of access * @size size of access */ static __always_inline void instrument_read_write(const volatile void *v, size_t size) { kasan_check_write(v, size); kcsan_check_read_write(v, size); } /** * instrument_atomic_read - instrument atomic read access * * Instrument an atomic read access. The instrumentation should be inserted * before the actual read happens. * * @ptr address of access * @size size of access */ static __always_inline void instrument_atomic_read(const volatile void *v, size_t size) { kasan_check_read(v, size); kcsan_check_atomic_read(v, size); } /** * instrument_atomic_write - instrument atomic write access * * Instrument an atomic write access. The instrumentation should be inserted * before the actual write happens. * * @ptr address of access * @size size of access */ static __always_inline void instrument_atomic_write(const volatile void *v, size_t size) { kasan_check_write(v, size); kcsan_check_atomic_write(v, size); } /** * instrument_atomic_read_write - instrument atomic read-write access * * Instrument an atomic read-write access. The instrumentation should be * inserted before the actual write happens. * * @ptr address of access * @size size of access */ static __always_inline void instrument_atomic_read_write(const volatile void *v, size_t size) { kasan_check_write(v, size); kcsan_check_atomic_read_write(v, size); } /** * instrument_copy_to_user - instrument reads of copy_to_user * * Instrument reads from kernel memory, that are due to copy_to_user (and * variants). The instrumentation must be inserted before the accesses. * * @to destination address * @from source address * @n number of bytes to copy */ static __always_inline void instrument_copy_to_user(void __user *to, const void *from, unsigned long n) { kasan_check_read(from, n); kcsan_check_read(from, n); } /** * instrument_copy_from_user - instrument writes of copy_from_user * * Instrument writes to kernel memory, that are due to copy_from_user (and * variants). The instrumentation should be inserted before the accesses. * * @to destination address * @from source address * @n number of bytes to copy */ static __always_inline void instrument_copy_from_user(const void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n) { kasan_check_write(to, n); kcsan_check_write(to, n); } #endif /* _LINUX_INSTRUMENTED_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_GENERIC_TERMIOS_H #define _ASM_GENERIC_TERMIOS_H #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <uapi/asm-generic/termios.h> /* intr=^C quit=^\ erase=del kill=^U eof=^D vtime=\0 vmin=\1 sxtc=\0 start=^Q stop=^S susp=^Z eol=\0 reprint=^R discard=^U werase=^W lnext=^V eol2=\0 */ #define INIT_C_CC "\003\034\177\025\004\0\1\0\021\023\032\0\022\017\027\026\0" /* * Translate a "termio" structure into a "termios". Ugh. */ static inline int user_termio_to_kernel_termios(struct ktermios *termios, const struct termio __user *termio) { unsigned short tmp; if (get_user(tmp, &termio->c_iflag) < 0) goto fault; termios->c_iflag = (0xffff0000 & termios->c_iflag) | tmp; if (get_user(tmp, &termio->c_oflag) < 0) goto fault; termios->c_oflag = (0xffff0000 & termios->c_oflag) | tmp; if (get_user(tmp, &termio->c_cflag) < 0) goto fault; termios->c_cflag = (0xffff0000 & termios->c_cflag) | tmp; if (get_user(tmp, &termio->c_lflag) < 0) goto fault; termios->c_lflag = (0xffff0000 & termios->c_lflag) | tmp; if (get_user(termios->c_line, &termio->c_line) < 0) goto fault; if (copy_from_user(termios->c_cc, termio->c_cc, NCC) != 0) goto fault; return 0; fault: return -EFAULT; } /* * Translate a "termios" structure into a "termio". Ugh. */ static inline int kernel_termios_to_user_termio(struct termio __user *termio, struct ktermios *termios) { if (put_user(termios->c_iflag, &termio->c_iflag) < 0 || put_user(termios->c_oflag, &termio->c_oflag) < 0 || put_user(termios->c_cflag, &termio->c_cflag) < 0 || put_user(termios->c_lflag, &termio->c_lflag) < 0 || put_user(termios->c_line, &termio->c_line) < 0 || copy_to_user(termio->c_cc, termios->c_cc, NCC) != 0) return -EFAULT; return 0; } #ifdef TCGETS2 static inline int user_termios_to_kernel_termios(struct ktermios *k, struct termios2 __user *u) { return copy_from_user(k, u, sizeof(struct termios2)); } static inline int kernel_termios_to_user_termios(struct termios2 __user *u, struct ktermios *k) { return copy_to_user(u, k, sizeof(struct termios2)); } static inline int user_termios_to_kernel_termios_1(struct ktermios *k, struct termios __user *u) { return copy_from_user(k, u, sizeof(struct termios)); } static inline int kernel_termios_to_user_termios_1(struct termios __user *u, struct ktermios *k) { return copy_to_user(u, k, sizeof(struct termios)); } #else /* TCGETS2 */ static inline int user_termios_to_kernel_termios(struct ktermios *k, struct termios __user *u) { return copy_from_user(k, u, sizeof(struct termios)); } static inline int kernel_termios_to_user_termios(struct termios __user *u, struct ktermios *k) { return copy_to_user(u, k, sizeof(struct termios)); } #endif /* TCGETS2 */ #endif /* _ASM_GENERIC_TERMIOS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_COMPLETION_H #define __LINUX_COMPLETION_H /* * (C) Copyright 2001 Linus Torvalds * * Atomic wait-for-completion handler data structures. * See kernel/sched/completion.c for details. */ #include <linux/swait.h> /* * struct completion - structure used to maintain state for a "completion" * * This is the opaque structure used to maintain the state for a "completion". * Completions currently use a FIFO to queue threads that have to wait for * the "completion" event. * * See also: complete(), wait_for_completion() (and friends _timeout, * _interruptible, _interruptible_timeout, and _killable), init_completion(), * reinit_completion(), and macros DECLARE_COMPLETION(), * DECLARE_COMPLETION_ONSTACK(). */ struct completion { unsigned int done; struct swait_queue_head wait; }; #define init_completion_map(x, m) __init_completion(x) #define init_completion(x) __init_completion(x) static inline void complete_acquire(struct completion *x) {} static inline void complete_release(struct completion *x) {} #define COMPLETION_INITIALIZER(work) \ { 0, __SWAIT_QUEUE_HEAD_INITIALIZER((work).wait) } #define COMPLETION_INITIALIZER_ONSTACK_MAP(work, map) \ (*({ init_completion_map(&(work), &(map)); &(work); })) #define COMPLETION_INITIALIZER_ONSTACK(work) \ (*({ init_completion(&work); &work; })) /** * DECLARE_COMPLETION - declare and initialize a completion structure * @work: identifier for the completion structure * * This macro declares and initializes a completion structure. Generally used * for static declarations. You should use the _ONSTACK variant for automatic * variables. */ #define DECLARE_COMPLETION(work) \ struct completion work = COMPLETION_INITIALIZER(work) /* * Lockdep needs to run a non-constant initializer for on-stack * completions - so we use the _ONSTACK() variant for those that * are on the kernel stack: */ /** * DECLARE_COMPLETION_ONSTACK - declare and initialize a completion structure * @work: identifier for the completion structure * * This macro declares and initializes a completion structure on the kernel * stack. */ #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP # define DECLARE_COMPLETION_ONSTACK(work) \ struct completion work = COMPLETION_INITIALIZER_ONSTACK(work) # define DECLARE_COMPLETION_ONSTACK_MAP(work, map) \ struct completion work = COMPLETION_INITIALIZER_ONSTACK_MAP(work, map) #else # define DECLARE_COMPLETION_ONSTACK(work) DECLARE_COMPLETION(work) # define DECLARE_COMPLETION_ONSTACK_MAP(work, map) DECLARE_COMPLETION(work) #endif /** * init_completion - Initialize a dynamically allocated completion * @x: pointer to completion structure that is to be initialized * * This inline function will initialize a dynamically created completion * structure. */ static inline void __init_completion(struct completion *x) { x->done = 0; init_swait_queue_head(&x->wait); } /** * reinit_completion - reinitialize a completion structure * @x: pointer to completion structure that is to be reinitialized * * This inline function should be used to reinitialize a completion structure so it can * be reused. This is especially important after complete_all() is used. */ static inline void reinit_completion(struct completion *x) { x->done = 0; } extern void wait_for_completion(struct completion *); extern void wait_for_completion_io(struct completion *); extern int wait_for_completion_interruptible(struct completion *x); extern int wait_for_completion_killable(struct completion *x); extern unsigned long wait_for_completion_timeout(struct completion *x, unsigned long timeout); extern unsigned long wait_for_completion_io_timeout(struct completion *x, unsigned long timeout); extern long wait_for_completion_interruptible_timeout( struct completion *x, unsigned long timeout); extern long wait_for_completion_killable_timeout( struct completion *x, unsigned long timeout); extern bool try_wait_for_completion(struct completion *x); extern bool completion_done(struct completion *x); extern void complete(struct completion *); extern void complete_all(struct completion *); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * Dynamic loading of modules into the kernel. * * Rewritten by Richard Henderson <rth@tamu.edu> Dec 1996 * Rewritten again by Rusty Russell, 2002 */ #ifndef _LINUX_MODULE_H #define _LINUX_MODULE_H #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/stat.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/kmod.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/elf.h> #include <linux/stringify.h> #include <linux/kobject.h> #include <linux/moduleparam.h> #include <linux/jump_label.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/rbtree_latch.h> #include <linux/error-injection.h> #include <linux/tracepoint-defs.h> #include <linux/srcu.h> #include <linux/static_call_types.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <asm/module.h> /* Not Yet Implemented */ #define MODULE_SUPPORTED_DEVICE(name) #define MODULE_NAME_LEN MAX_PARAM_PREFIX_LEN struct modversion_info { unsigned long crc; char name[MODULE_NAME_LEN]; }; struct module; struct exception_table_entry; struct module_kobject { struct kobject kobj; struct module *mod; struct kobject *drivers_dir; struct module_param_attrs *mp; struct completion *kobj_completion; } __randomize_layout; struct module_attribute { struct attribute attr; ssize_t (*show)(struct module_attribute *, struct module_kobject *, char *); ssize_t (*store)(struct module_attribute *, struct module_kobject *, const char *, size_t count); void (*setup)(struct module *, const char *); int (*test)(struct module *); void (*free)(struct module *); }; struct module_version_attribute { struct module_attribute mattr; const char *module_name; const char *version; } __attribute__ ((__aligned__(sizeof(void *)))); extern ssize_t __modver_version_show(struct module_attribute *, struct module_kobject *, char *); extern struct module_attribute module_uevent; /* These are either module local, or the kernel's dummy ones. */ extern int init_module(void); extern void cleanup_module(void); #ifndef MODULE /** * module_init() - driver initialization entry point * @x: function to be run at kernel boot time or module insertion * * module_init() will either be called during do_initcalls() (if * builtin) or at module insertion time (if a module). There can only * be one per module. */ #define module_init(x) __initcall(x); /** * module_exit() - driver exit entry point * @x: function to be run when driver is removed * * module_exit() will wrap the driver clean-up code * with cleanup_module() when used with rmmod when * the driver is a module. If the driver is statically * compiled into the kernel, module_exit() has no effect. * There can only be one per module. */ #define module_exit(x) __exitcall(x); #else /* MODULE */ /* * In most cases loadable modules do not need custom * initcall levels. There are still some valid cases where * a driver may be needed early if built in, and does not * matter when built as a loadable module. Like bus * snooping debug drivers. */ #define early_initcall(fn) module_init(fn) #define core_initcall(fn) module_init(fn) #define core_initcall_sync(fn) module_init(fn) #define postcore_initcall(fn) module_init(fn) #define postcore_initcall_sync(fn) module_init(fn) #define arch_initcall(fn) module_init(fn) #define subsys_initcall(fn) module_init(fn) #define subsys_initcall_sync(fn) module_init(fn) #define fs_initcall(fn) module_init(fn) #define fs_initcall_sync(fn) module_init(fn) #define rootfs_initcall(fn) module_init(fn) #define device_initcall(fn) module_init(fn) #define device_initcall_sync(fn) module_init(fn) #define late_initcall(fn) module_init(fn) #define late_initcall_sync(fn) module_init(fn) #define console_initcall(fn) module_init(fn) /* Each module must use one module_init(). */ #define module_init(initfn) \ static inline initcall_t __maybe_unused __inittest(void) \ { return initfn; } \ int init_module(void) __copy(initfn) __attribute__((alias(#initfn))); /* This is only required if you want to be unloadable. */ #define module_exit(exitfn) \ static inline exitcall_t __maybe_unused __exittest(void) \ { return exitfn; } \ void cleanup_module(void) __copy(exitfn) __attribute__((alias(#exitfn))); #endif /* This means "can be init if no module support, otherwise module load may call it." */ #ifdef CONFIG_MODULES #define __init_or_module #define __initdata_or_module #define __initconst_or_module #define __INIT_OR_MODULE .text #define __INITDATA_OR_MODULE .data #define __INITRODATA_OR_MODULE .section ".rodata","a",%progbits #else #define __init_or_module __init #define __initdata_or_module __initdata #define __initconst_or_module __initconst #define __INIT_OR_MODULE __INIT #define __INITDATA_OR_MODULE __INITDATA #define __INITRODATA_OR_MODULE __INITRODATA #endif /*CONFIG_MODULES*/ /* Generic info of form tag = "info" */ #define MODULE_INFO(tag, info) __MODULE_INFO(tag, tag, info) /* For userspace: you can also call me... */ #define MODULE_ALIAS(_alias) MODULE_INFO(alias, _alias) /* Soft module dependencies. See man modprobe.d for details. * Example: MODULE_SOFTDEP("pre: module-foo module-bar post: module-baz") */ #define MODULE_SOFTDEP(_softdep) MODULE_INFO(softdep, _softdep) /* * MODULE_FILE is used for generating modules.builtin * So, make it no-op when this is being built as a module */ #ifdef MODULE #define MODULE_FILE #else #define MODULE_FILE MODULE_INFO(file, KBUILD_MODFILE); #endif /* * The following license idents are currently accepted as indicating free * software modules * * "GPL" [GNU Public License v2] * "GPL v2" [GNU Public License v2] * "GPL and additional rights" [GNU Public License v2 rights and more] * "Dual BSD/GPL" [GNU Public License v2 * or BSD license choice] * "Dual MIT/GPL" [GNU Public License v2 * or MIT license choice] * "Dual MPL/GPL" [GNU Public License v2 * or Mozilla license choice] * * The following other idents are available * * "Proprietary" [Non free products] * * Both "GPL v2" and "GPL" (the latter also in dual licensed strings) are * merely stating that the module is licensed under the GPL v2, but are not * telling whether "GPL v2 only" or "GPL v2 or later". The reason why there * are two variants is a historic and failed attempt to convey more * information in the MODULE_LICENSE string. For module loading the * "only/or later" distinction is completely irrelevant and does neither * replace the proper license identifiers in the corresponding source file * nor amends them in any way. The sole purpose is to make the * 'Proprietary' flagging work and to refuse to bind symbols which are * exported with EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL when a non free module is loaded. * * In the same way "BSD" is not a clear license information. It merely * states, that the module is licensed under one of the compatible BSD * license variants. The detailed and correct license information is again * to be found in the corresponding source files. * * There are dual licensed components, but when running with Linux it is the * GPL that is relevant so this is a non issue. Similarly LGPL linked with GPL * is a GPL combined work. * * This exists for several reasons * 1. So modinfo can show license info for users wanting to vet their setup * is free * 2. So the community can ignore bug reports including proprietary modules * 3. So vendors can do likewise based on their own policies */ #define MODULE_LICENSE(_license) MODULE_FILE MODULE_INFO(license, _license) /* * Author(s), use "Name <email>" or just "Name", for multiple * authors use multiple MODULE_AUTHOR() statements/lines. */ #define MODULE_AUTHOR(_author) MODULE_INFO(author, _author) /* What your module does. */ #define MODULE_DESCRIPTION(_description) MODULE_INFO(description, _description) #ifdef MODULE /* Creates an alias so file2alias.c can find device table. */ #define MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(type, name) \ extern typeof(name) __mod_##type##__##name##_device_table \ __attribute__ ((unused, alias(__stringify(name)))) #else /* !MODULE */ #define MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(type, name) #endif /* Version of form [<epoch>:]<version>[-<extra-version>]. * Or for CVS/RCS ID version, everything but the number is stripped. * <epoch>: A (small) unsigned integer which allows you to start versions * anew. If not mentioned, it's zero. eg. "2:1.0" is after * "1:2.0". * <version>: The <version> may contain only alphanumerics and the * character `.'. Ordered by numeric sort for numeric parts, * ascii sort for ascii parts (as per RPM or DEB algorithm). * <extraversion>: Like <version>, but inserted for local * customizations, eg "rh3" or "rusty1". * Using this automatically adds a checksum of the .c files and the * local headers in "srcversion". */ #if defined(MODULE) || !defined(CONFIG_SYSFS) #define MODULE_VERSION(_version) MODULE_INFO(version, _version) #else #define MODULE_VERSION(_version) \ MODULE_INFO(version, _version); \ static struct module_version_attribute ___modver_attr = { \ .mattr = { \ .attr = { \ .name = "version", \ .mode = S_IRUGO, \ }, \ .show = __modver_version_show, \ }, \ .module_name = KBUILD_MODNAME, \ .version = _version, \ }; \ static const struct module_version_attribute \ __used __section("__modver") \ * __moduleparam_const __modver_attr = &___modver_attr #endif /* Optional firmware file (or files) needed by the module * format is simply firmware file name. Multiple firmware * files require multiple MODULE_FIRMWARE() specifiers */ #define MODULE_FIRMWARE(_firmware) MODULE_INFO(firmware, _firmware) #define MODULE_IMPORT_NS(ns) MODULE_INFO(import_ns, #ns) struct notifier_block; #ifdef CONFIG_MODULES extern int modules_disabled; /* for sysctl */ /* Get/put a kernel symbol (calls must be symmetric) */ void *__symbol_get(const char *symbol); void *__symbol_get_gpl(const char *symbol); #define symbol_get(x) ((typeof(&x))(__symbol_get(__stringify(x)))) /* modules using other modules: kdb wants to see this. */ struct module_use { struct list_head source_list; struct list_head target_list; struct module *source, *target; }; enum module_state { MODULE_STATE_LIVE, /* Normal state. */ MODULE_STATE_COMING, /* Full formed, running module_init. */ MODULE_STATE_GOING, /* Going away. */ MODULE_STATE_UNFORMED, /* Still setting it up. */ }; struct mod_tree_node { struct module *mod; struct latch_tree_node node; }; struct module_layout { /* The actual code + data. */ void *base; /* Total size. */ unsigned int size; /* The size of the executable code. */ unsigned int text_size; /* Size of RO section of the module (text+rodata) */ unsigned int ro_size; /* Size of RO after init section */ unsigned int ro_after_init_size; #ifdef CONFIG_MODULES_TREE_LOOKUP struct mod_tree_node mtn; #endif }; #ifdef CONFIG_MODULES_TREE_LOOKUP /* Only touch one cacheline for common rbtree-for-core-layout case. */ #define __module_layout_align ____cacheline_aligned #else #define __module_layout_align #endif struct mod_kallsyms { Elf_Sym *symtab; unsigned int num_symtab; char *strtab; char *typetab; }; #ifdef CONFIG_LIVEPATCH struct klp_modinfo { Elf_Ehdr hdr; Elf_Shdr *sechdrs; char *secstrings; unsigned int symndx; }; #endif struct module { enum module_state state; /* Member of list of modules */ struct list_head list; /* Unique handle for this module */ char name[MODULE_NAME_LEN]; /* Sysfs stuff. */ struct module_kobject mkobj; struct module_attribute *modinfo_attrs; const char *version; const char *srcversion; struct kobject *holders_dir; /* Exported symbols */ const struct kernel_symbol *syms; const s32 *crcs; unsigned int num_syms; /* Kernel parameters. */ #ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS struct mutex param_lock; #endif struct kernel_param *kp; unsigned int num_kp; /* GPL-only exported symbols. */ unsigned int num_gpl_syms; const struct kernel_symbol *gpl_syms; const s32 *gpl_crcs; bool using_gplonly_symbols; #ifdef CONFIG_UNUSED_SYMBOLS /* unused exported symbols. */ const struct kernel_symbol *unused_syms; const s32 *unused_crcs; unsigned int num_unused_syms; /* GPL-only, unused exported symbols. */ unsigned int num_unused_gpl_syms; const struct kernel_symbol *unused_gpl_syms; const s32 *unused_gpl_crcs; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_SIG /* Signature was verified. */ bool sig_ok; #endif bool async_probe_requested; /* symbols that will be GPL-only in the near future. */ const struct kernel_symbol *gpl_future_syms; const s32 *gpl_future_crcs; unsigned int num_gpl_future_syms; /* Exception table */ unsigned int num_exentries; struct exception_table_entry *extable; /* Startup function. */ int (*init)(void); /* Core layout: rbtree is accessed frequently, so keep together. */ struct module_layout core_layout __module_layout_align; struct module_layout init_layout; /* Arch-specific module values */ struct mod_arch_specific arch; unsigned long taints; /* same bits as kernel:taint_flags */ #ifdef CONFIG_GENERIC_BUG /* Support for BUG */ unsigned num_bugs; struct list_head bug_list; struct bug_entry *bug_table; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_KALLSYMS /* Protected by RCU and/or module_mutex: use rcu_dereference() */ struct mod_kallsyms __rcu *kallsyms; struct mod_kallsyms core_kallsyms; /* Section attributes */ struct module_sect_attrs *sect_attrs; /* Notes attributes */ struct module_notes_attrs *notes_attrs; #endif /* The command line arguments (may be mangled). People like keeping pointers to this stuff */ char *args; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP /* Per-cpu data. */ void __percpu *percpu; unsigned int percpu_size; #endif void *noinstr_text_start; unsigned int noinstr_text_size; #ifdef CONFIG_TRACEPOINTS unsigned int num_tracepoints; tracepoint_ptr_t *tracepoints_ptrs; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TREE_SRCU unsigned int num_srcu_structs; struct srcu_struct **srcu_struct_ptrs; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_BPF_EVENTS unsigned int num_bpf_raw_events; struct bpf_raw_event_map *bpf_raw_events; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL struct jump_entry *jump_entries; unsigned int num_jump_entries; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRACING unsigned int num_trace_bprintk_fmt; const char **trace_bprintk_fmt_start; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_EVENT_TRACING struct trace_event_call **trace_events; unsigned int num_trace_events; struct trace_eval_map **trace_evals; unsigned int num_trace_evals; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FTRACE_MCOUNT_RECORD unsigned int num_ftrace_callsites; unsigned long *ftrace_callsites; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES void *kprobes_text_start; unsigned int kprobes_text_size; unsigned long *kprobe_blacklist; unsigned int num_kprobe_blacklist; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_STATIC_CALL_INLINE int num_static_call_sites; struct static_call_site *static_call_sites; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_LIVEPATCH bool klp; /* Is this a livepatch module? */ bool klp_alive; /* Elf information */ struct klp_modinfo *klp_info; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_UNLOAD /* What modules depend on me? */ struct list_head source_list; /* What modules do I depend on? */ struct list_head target_list; /* Destruction function. */ void (*exit)(void); atomic_t refcnt; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_CONSTRUCTORS /* Constructor functions. */ ctor_fn_t *ctors; unsigned int num_ctors; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_ERROR_INJECTION struct error_injection_entry *ei_funcs; unsigned int num_ei_funcs; #endif } ____cacheline_aligned __randomize_layout; #ifndef MODULE_ARCH_INIT #define MODULE_ARCH_INIT {} #endif #ifndef HAVE_ARCH_KALLSYMS_SYMBOL_VALUE static inline unsigned long kallsyms_symbol_value(const Elf_Sym *sym) { return sym->st_value; } #endif extern struct mutex module_mutex; /* FIXME: It'd be nice to isolate modules during init, too, so they aren't used before they (may) fail. But presently too much code (IDE & SCSI) require entry into the module during init.*/ static inline bool module_is_live(struct module *mod) { return mod->state != MODULE_STATE_GOING; } struct module *__module_text_address(unsigned long addr); struct module *__module_address(unsigned long addr); bool is_module_address(unsigned long addr); bool __is_module_percpu_address(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *can_addr); bool is_module_percpu_address(unsigned long addr); bool is_module_text_address(unsigned long addr); static inline bool within_module_core(unsigned long addr, const struct module *mod) { return (unsigned long)mod->core_layout.base <= addr && addr < (unsigned long)mod->core_layout.base + mod->core_layout.size; } static inline bool within_module_init(unsigned long addr, const struct module *mod) { return (unsigned long)mod->init_layout.base <= addr && addr < (unsigned long)mod->init_layout.base + mod->init_layout.size; } static inline bool within_module(unsigned long addr, const struct module *mod) { return within_module_init(addr, mod) || within_module_core(addr, mod); } /* Search for module by name: must hold module_mutex. */ struct module *find_module(const char *name); struct symsearch { const struct kernel_symbol *start, *stop; const s32 *crcs; enum mod_license { NOT_GPL_ONLY, GPL_ONLY, WILL_BE_GPL_ONLY, } license; bool unused; }; /* Returns 0 and fills in value, defined and namebuf, or -ERANGE if symnum out of range. */ int module_get_kallsym(unsigned int symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *name, char *module_name, int *exported); /* Look for this name: can be of form module:name. */ unsigned long module_kallsyms_lookup_name(const char *name); int module_kallsyms_on_each_symbol(int (*fn)(void *, const char *, struct module *, unsigned long), void *data); extern void __noreturn __module_put_and_exit(struct module *mod, long code); #define module_put_and_exit(code) __module_put_and_exit(THIS_MODULE, code) #ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_UNLOAD int module_refcount(struct module *mod); void __symbol_put(const char *symbol); #define symbol_put(x) __symbol_put(__stringify(x)) void symbol_put_addr(void *addr); /* Sometimes we know we already have a refcount, and it's easier not to handle the error case (which only happens with rmmod --wait). */ extern void __module_get(struct module *module); /* This is the Right Way to get a module: if it fails, it's being removed, * so pretend it's not there. */ extern bool try_module_get(struct module *module); extern void module_put(struct module *module); #else /*!CONFIG_MODULE_UNLOAD*/ static inline bool try_module_get(struct module *module) { return !module || module_is_live(module); } static inline void module_put(struct module *module) { } static inline void __module_get(struct module *module) { } #define symbol_put(x) do { } while (0) #define symbol_put_addr(p) do { } while (0) #endif /* CONFIG_MODULE_UNLOAD */ /* This is a #define so the string doesn't get put in every .o file */ #define module_name(mod) \ ({ \ struct module *__mod = (mod); \ __mod ? __mod->name : "kernel"; \ }) /* Dereference module function descriptor */ void *dereference_module_function_descriptor(struct module *mod, void *ptr); /* For kallsyms to ask for address resolution. namebuf should be at * least KSYM_NAME_LEN long: a pointer to namebuf is returned if * found, otherwise NULL. */ const char *module_address_lookup(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *symbolsize, unsigned long *offset, char **modname, char *namebuf); int lookup_module_symbol_name(unsigned long addr, char *symname); int lookup_module_symbol_attrs(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *size, unsigned long *offset, char *modname, char *name); int register_module_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb); int unregister_module_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb); extern void print_modules(void); static inline bool module_requested_async_probing(struct module *module) { return module && module->async_probe_requested; } #ifdef CONFIG_LIVEPATCH static inline bool is_livepatch_module(struct module *mod) { return mod->klp; } #else /* !CONFIG_LIVEPATCH */ static inline bool is_livepatch_module(struct module *mod) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_LIVEPATCH */ bool is_module_sig_enforced(void); void set_module_sig_enforced(void); #else /* !CONFIG_MODULES... */ static inline struct module *__module_address(unsigned long addr) { return NULL; } static inline struct module *__module_text_address(unsigned long addr) { return NULL; } static inline bool is_module_address(unsigned long addr) { return false; } static inline bool is_module_percpu_address(unsigned long addr) { return false; } static inline bool __is_module_percpu_address(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *can_addr) { return false; } static inline bool is_module_text_address(unsigned long addr) { return false; } static inline bool within_module_core(unsigned long addr, const struct module *mod) { return false; } static inline bool within_module_init(unsigned long addr, const struct module *mod) { return false; } static inline bool within_module(unsigned long addr, const struct module *mod) { return false; } /* Get/put a kernel symbol (calls should be symmetric) */ #define symbol_get(x) ({ extern typeof(x) x __attribute__((weak,visibility("hidden"))); &(x); }) #define symbol_put(x) do { } while (0) #define symbol_put_addr(x) do { } while (0) static inline void __module_get(struct module *module) { } static inline bool try_module_get(struct module *module) { return true; } static inline void module_put(struct module *module) { } #define module_name(mod) "kernel" /* For kallsyms to ask for address resolution. NULL means not found. */ static inline const char *module_address_lookup(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *symbolsize, unsigned long *offset, char **modname, char *namebuf) { return NULL; } static inline int lookup_module_symbol_name(unsigned long addr, char *symname) { return -ERANGE; } static inline int lookup_module_symbol_attrs(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *size, unsigned long *offset, char *modname, char *name) { return -ERANGE; } static inline int module_get_kallsym(unsigned int symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *name, char *module_name, int *exported) { return -ERANGE; } static inline unsigned long module_kallsyms_lookup_name(const char *name) { return 0; } static inline int module_kallsyms_on_each_symbol(int (*fn)(void *, const char *, struct module *, unsigned long), void *data) { return 0; } static inline int register_module_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb) { /* no events will happen anyway, so this can always succeed */ return 0; } static inline int unregister_module_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb) { return 0; } #define module_put_and_exit(code) do_exit(code) static inline void print_modules(void) { } static inline bool module_requested_async_probing(struct module *module) { return false; } static inline bool is_module_sig_enforced(void) { return false; } static inline void set_module_sig_enforced(void) { } /* Dereference module function descriptor */ static inline void *dereference_module_function_descriptor(struct module *mod, void *ptr) { return ptr; } #endif /* CONFIG_MODULES */ #ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS extern struct kset *module_kset; extern struct kobj_type module_ktype; extern int module_sysfs_initialized; #endif /* CONFIG_SYSFS */ #define symbol_request(x) try_then_request_module(symbol_get(x), "symbol:" #x) /* BELOW HERE ALL THESE ARE OBSOLETE AND WILL VANISH */ #define __MODULE_STRING(x) __stringify(x) #ifdef CONFIG_GENERIC_BUG void module_bug_finalize(const Elf_Ehdr *, const Elf_Shdr *, struct module *); void module_bug_cleanup(struct module *); #else /* !CONFIG_GENERIC_BUG */ static inline void module_bug_finalize(const Elf_Ehdr *hdr, const Elf_Shdr *sechdrs, struct module *mod) { } static inline void module_bug_cleanup(struct module *mod) {} #endif /* CONFIG_GENERIC_BUG */ #ifdef CONFIG_RETPOLINE extern bool retpoline_module_ok(bool has_retpoline); #else static inline bool retpoline_module_ok(bool has_retpoline) { return true; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_SIG static inline bool module_sig_ok(struct module *module) { return module->sig_ok; } #else /* !CONFIG_MODULE_SIG */ static inline bool module_sig_ok(struct module *module) { return true; } #endif /* CONFIG_MODULE_SIG */ #endif /* _LINUX_MODULE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_MSDOS_FS_H #define _LINUX_MSDOS_FS_H #include <uapi/linux/msdos_fs.h> /* media of boot sector */ static inline int fat_valid_media(u8 media) { return 0xf8 <= media || media == 0xf0; } #endif /* !_LINUX_MSDOS_FS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_MSR_H #define _ASM_X86_MSR_H #include "msr-index.h" #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <asm/asm.h> #include <asm/errno.h> #include <asm/cpumask.h> #include <uapi/asm/msr.h> struct msr { union { struct { u32 l; u32 h; }; u64 q; }; }; struct msr_info { u32 msr_no; struct msr reg; struct msr *msrs; int err; }; struct msr_regs_info { u32 *regs; int err; }; struct saved_msr { bool valid; struct msr_info info; }; struct saved_msrs { unsigned int num; struct saved_msr *array; }; /* * both i386 and x86_64 returns 64-bit value in edx:eax, but gcc's "A" * constraint has different meanings. For i386, "A" means exactly * edx:eax, while for x86_64 it doesn't mean rdx:rax or edx:eax. Instead, * it means rax *or* rdx. */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 /* Using 64-bit values saves one instruction clearing the high half of low */ #define DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high) unsigned long low, high #define EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high) ((low) | (high) << 32) #define EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high) "=a" (low), "=d" (high) #else #define DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high) unsigned long long val #define EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high) (val) #define EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high) "=A" (val) #endif /* * Be very careful with includes. This header is prone to include loops. */ #include <asm/atomic.h> #include <linux/tracepoint-defs.h> #ifdef CONFIG_TRACEPOINTS DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(read_msr); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(write_msr); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(rdpmc); extern void do_trace_write_msr(unsigned int msr, u64 val, int failed); extern void do_trace_read_msr(unsigned int msr, u64 val, int failed); extern void do_trace_rdpmc(unsigned int msr, u64 val, int failed); #else static inline void do_trace_write_msr(unsigned int msr, u64 val, int failed) {} static inline void do_trace_read_msr(unsigned int msr, u64 val, int failed) {} static inline void do_trace_rdpmc(unsigned int msr, u64 val, int failed) {} #endif /* * __rdmsr() and __wrmsr() are the two primitives which are the bare minimum MSR * accessors and should not have any tracing or other functionality piggybacking * on them - those are *purely* for accessing MSRs and nothing more. So don't even * think of extending them - you will be slapped with a stinking trout or a frozen * shark will reach you, wherever you are! You've been warned. */ static __always_inline unsigned long long __rdmsr(unsigned int msr) { DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high); asm volatile("1: rdmsr\n" "2:\n" _ASM_EXTABLE_HANDLE(1b, 2b, ex_handler_rdmsr_unsafe) : EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high) : "c" (msr)); return EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high); } static __always_inline void __wrmsr(unsigned int msr, u32 low, u32 high) { asm volatile("1: wrmsr\n" "2:\n" _ASM_EXTABLE_HANDLE(1b, 2b, ex_handler_wrmsr_unsafe) : : "c" (msr), "a"(low), "d" (high) : "memory"); } #define native_rdmsr(msr, val1, val2) \ do { \ u64 __val = __rdmsr((msr)); \ (void)((val1) = (u32)__val); \ (void)((val2) = (u32)(__val >> 32)); \ } while (0) #define native_wrmsr(msr, low, high) \ __wrmsr(msr, low, high) #define native_wrmsrl(msr, val) \ __wrmsr((msr), (u32)((u64)(val)), \ (u32)((u64)(val) >> 32)) static inline unsigned long long native_read_msr(unsigned int msr) { unsigned long long val; val = __rdmsr(msr); if (tracepoint_enabled(read_msr)) do_trace_read_msr(msr, val, 0); return val; } static inline unsigned long long native_read_msr_safe(unsigned int msr, int *err) { DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high); asm volatile("2: rdmsr ; xor %[err],%[err]\n" "1:\n\t" ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n\t" "3: mov %[fault],%[err]\n\t" "xorl %%eax, %%eax\n\t" "xorl %%edx, %%edx\n\t" "jmp 1b\n\t" ".previous\n\t" _ASM_EXTABLE(2b, 3b) : [err] "=r" (*err), EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high) : "c" (msr), [fault] "i" (-EIO)); if (tracepoint_enabled(read_msr)) do_trace_read_msr(msr, EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high), *err); return EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high); } /* Can be uninlined because referenced by paravirt */ static inline void notrace native_write_msr(unsigned int msr, u32 low, u32 high) { __wrmsr(msr, low, high); if (tracepoint_enabled(write_msr)) do_trace_write_msr(msr, ((u64)high << 32 | low), 0); } /* Can be uninlined because referenced by paravirt */ static inline int notrace native_write_msr_safe(unsigned int msr, u32 low, u32 high) { int err; asm volatile("2: wrmsr ; xor %[err],%[err]\n" "1:\n\t" ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n\t" "3: mov %[fault],%[err] ; jmp 1b\n\t" ".previous\n\t" _ASM_EXTABLE(2b, 3b) : [err] "=a" (err) : "c" (msr), "0" (low), "d" (high), [fault] "i" (-EIO) : "memory"); if (tracepoint_enabled(write_msr)) do_trace_write_msr(msr, ((u64)high << 32 | low), err); return err; } extern int rdmsr_safe_regs(u32 regs[8]); extern int wrmsr_safe_regs(u32 regs[8]); /** * rdtsc() - returns the current TSC without ordering constraints * * rdtsc() returns the result of RDTSC as a 64-bit integer. The * only ordering constraint it supplies is the ordering implied by * "asm volatile": it will put the RDTSC in the place you expect. The * CPU can and will speculatively execute that RDTSC, though, so the * results can be non-monotonic if compared on different CPUs. */ static __always_inline unsigned long long rdtsc(void) { DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high); asm volatile("rdtsc" : EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high)); return EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high); } /** * rdtsc_ordered() - read the current TSC in program order * * rdtsc_ordered() returns the result of RDTSC as a 64-bit integer. * It is ordered like a load to a global in-memory counter. It should * be impossible to observe non-monotonic rdtsc_unordered() behavior * across multiple CPUs as long as the TSC is synced. */ static __always_inline unsigned long long rdtsc_ordered(void) { DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high); /* * The RDTSC instruction is not ordered relative to memory * access. The Intel SDM and the AMD APM are both vague on this * point, but empirically an RDTSC instruction can be * speculatively executed before prior loads. An RDTSC * immediately after an appropriate barrier appears to be * ordered as a normal load, that is, it provides the same * ordering guarantees as reading from a global memory location * that some other imaginary CPU is updating continuously with a * time stamp. * * Thus, use the preferred barrier on the respective CPU, aiming for * RDTSCP as the default. */ asm volatile(ALTERNATIVE_2("rdtsc", "lfence; rdtsc", X86_FEATURE_LFENCE_RDTSC, "rdtscp", X86_FEATURE_RDTSCP) : EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high) /* RDTSCP clobbers ECX with MSR_TSC_AUX. */ :: "ecx"); return EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high); } static inline unsigned long long native_read_pmc(int counter) { DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high); asm volatile("rdpmc" : EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high) : "c" (counter)); if (tracepoint_enabled(rdpmc)) do_trace_rdpmc(counter, EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high), 0); return EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high); } #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL #include <asm/paravirt.h> #else #include <linux/errno.h> /* * Access to machine-specific registers (available on 586 and better only) * Note: the rd* operations modify the parameters directly (without using * pointer indirection), this allows gcc to optimize better */ #define rdmsr(msr, low, high) \ do { \ u64 __val = native_read_msr((msr)); \ (void)((low) = (u32)__val); \ (void)((high) = (u32)(__val >> 32)); \ } while (0) static inline void wrmsr(unsigned int msr, u32 low, u32 high) { native_write_msr(msr, low, high); } #define rdmsrl(msr, val) \ ((val) = native_read_msr((msr))) static inline void wrmsrl(unsigned int msr, u64 val) { native_write_msr(msr, (u32)(val & 0xffffffffULL), (u32)(val >> 32)); } /* wrmsr with exception handling */ static inline int wrmsr_safe(unsigned int msr, u32 low, u32 high) { return native_write_msr_safe(msr, low, high); } /* rdmsr with exception handling */ #define rdmsr_safe(msr, low, high) \ ({ \ int __err; \ u64 __val = native_read_msr_safe((msr), &__err); \ (*low) = (u32)__val; \ (*high) = (u32)(__val >> 32); \ __err; \ }) static inline int rdmsrl_safe(unsigned int msr, unsigned long long *p) { int err; *p = native_read_msr_safe(msr, &err); return err; } #define rdpmc(counter, low, high) \ do { \ u64 _l = native_read_pmc((counter)); \ (low) = (u32)_l; \ (high) = (u32)(_l >> 32); \ } while (0) #define rdpmcl(counter, val) ((val) = native_read_pmc(counter)) #endif /* !CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL */ /* * 64-bit version of wrmsr_safe(): */ static inline int wrmsrl_safe(u32 msr, u64 val) { return wrmsr_safe(msr, (u32)val, (u32)(val >> 32)); } #define write_tsc(low, high) wrmsr(MSR_IA32_TSC, (low), (high)) #define write_rdtscp_aux(val) wrmsr(MSR_TSC_AUX, (val), 0) struct msr *msrs_alloc(void); void msrs_free(struct msr *msrs); int msr_set_bit(u32 msr, u8 bit); int msr_clear_bit(u32 msr, u8 bit); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP int rdmsr_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 *l, u32 *h); int wrmsr_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 l, u32 h); int rdmsrl_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 *q); int wrmsrl_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 q); void rdmsr_on_cpus(const struct cpumask *mask, u32 msr_no, struct msr *msrs); void wrmsr_on_cpus(const struct cpumask *mask, u32 msr_no, struct msr *msrs); int rdmsr_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 *l, u32 *h); int wrmsr_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 l, u32 h); int rdmsrl_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 *q); int wrmsrl_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 q); int rdmsr_safe_regs_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 regs[8]); int wrmsr_safe_regs_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 regs[8]); #else /* CONFIG_SMP */ static inline int rdmsr_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 *l, u32 *h) { rdmsr(msr_no, *l, *h); return 0; } static inline int wrmsr_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 l, u32 h) { wrmsr(msr_no, l, h); return 0; } static inline int rdmsrl_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 *q) { rdmsrl(msr_no, *q); return 0; } static inline int wrmsrl_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 q) { wrmsrl(msr_no, q); return 0; } static inline void rdmsr_on_cpus(const struct cpumask *m, u32 msr_no, struct msr *msrs) { rdmsr_on_cpu(0, msr_no, &(msrs[0].l), &(msrs[0].h)); } static inline void wrmsr_on_cpus(const struct cpumask *m, u32 msr_no, struct msr *msrs) { wrmsr_on_cpu(0, msr_no, msrs[0].l, msrs[0].h); } static inline int rdmsr_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 *l, u32 *h) { return rdmsr_safe(msr_no, l, h); } static inline int wrmsr_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 l, u32 h) { return wrmsr_safe(msr_no, l, h); } static inline int rdmsrl_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 *q) { return rdmsrl_safe(msr_no, q); } static inline int wrmsrl_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 q) { return wrmsrl_safe(msr_no, q); } static inline int rdmsr_safe_regs_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 regs[8]) { return rdmsr_safe_regs(regs); } static inline int wrmsr_safe_regs_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 regs[8]) { return wrmsr_safe_regs(regs); } #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_MSR_H */
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3418 3419 3420 3421 3422 3423 3424 3425 3426 3427 3428 3429 3430 3431 3432 3433 3434 3435 3436 3437 3438 3439 3440 3441 3442 3443 3444 3445 3446 3447 3448 3449 3450 3451 3452 3453 3454 3455 3456 3457 3458 3459 3460 3461 3462 3463 3464 3465 3466 3467 3468 3469 3470 3471 3472 3473 3474 3475 3476 3477 3478 3479 3480 3481 3482 3483 3484 3485 3486 3487 3488 3489 3490 3491 3492 3493 3494 3495 3496 3497 3498 3499 3500 3501 3502 3503 3504 3505 3506 3507 3508 3509 3510 3511 3512 3513 3514 3515 3516 3517 3518 3519 3520 3521 3522 3523 3524 3525 3526 3527 3528 3529 3530 3531 3532 3533 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/mm/filemap.c * * Copyright (C) 1994-1999 Linus Torvalds */ /* * This file handles the generic file mmap semantics used by * most "normal" filesystems (but you don't /have/ to use this: * the NFS filesystem used to do this differently, for example) */ #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/dax.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/kernel_stat.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/mman.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/uio.h> #include <linux/error-injection.h> #include <linux/hash.h> #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/backing-dev.h> #include <linux/pagevec.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/cpuset.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/cleancache.h> #include <linux/shmem_fs.h> #include <linux/rmap.h> #include <linux/delayacct.h> #include <linux/psi.h> #include <linux/ramfs.h> #include <linux/page_idle.h> #include "internal.h" #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <trace/events/filemap.h> /* * FIXME: remove all knowledge of the buffer layer from the core VM */ #include <linux/buffer_head.h> /* for try_to_free_buffers */ #include <asm/mman.h> /* * Shared mappings implemented 30.11.1994. It's not fully working yet, * though. * * Shared mappings now work. 15.8.1995 Bruno. * * finished 'unifying' the page and buffer cache and SMP-threaded the * page-cache, 21.05.1999, Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> * * SMP-threaded pagemap-LRU 1999, Andrea Arcangeli <andrea@suse.de> */ /* * Lock ordering: * * ->i_mmap_rwsem (truncate_pagecache) * ->private_lock (__free_pte->__set_page_dirty_buffers) * ->swap_lock (exclusive_swap_page, others) * ->i_pages lock * * ->i_mutex * ->i_mmap_rwsem (truncate->unmap_mapping_range) * * ->mmap_lock * ->i_mmap_rwsem * ->page_table_lock or pte_lock (various, mainly in memory.c) * ->i_pages lock (arch-dependent flush_dcache_mmap_lock) * * ->mmap_lock * ->lock_page (access_process_vm) * * ->i_mutex (generic_perform_write) * ->mmap_lock (fault_in_pages_readable->do_page_fault) * * bdi->wb.list_lock * sb_lock (fs/fs-writeback.c) * ->i_pages lock (__sync_single_inode) * * ->i_mmap_rwsem * ->anon_vma.lock (vma_adjust) * * ->anon_vma.lock * ->page_table_lock or pte_lock (anon_vma_prepare and various) * * ->page_table_lock or pte_lock * ->swap_lock (try_to_unmap_one) * ->private_lock (try_to_unmap_one) * ->i_pages lock (try_to_unmap_one) * ->pgdat->lru_lock (follow_page->mark_page_accessed) * ->pgdat->lru_lock (check_pte_range->isolate_lru_page) * ->private_lock (page_remove_rmap->set_page_dirty) * ->i_pages lock (page_remove_rmap->set_page_dirty) * bdi.wb->list_lock (page_remove_rmap->set_page_dirty) * ->inode->i_lock (page_remove_rmap->set_page_dirty) * ->memcg->move_lock (page_remove_rmap->lock_page_memcg) * bdi.wb->list_lock (zap_pte_range->set_page_dirty) * ->inode->i_lock (zap_pte_range->set_page_dirty) * ->private_lock (zap_pte_range->__set_page_dirty_buffers) * * ->i_mmap_rwsem * ->tasklist_lock (memory_failure, collect_procs_ao) */ static void page_cache_delete(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page, void *shadow) { XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, page->index); unsigned int nr = 1; mapping_set_update(&xas, mapping); /* hugetlb pages are represented by a single entry in the xarray */ if (!PageHuge(page)) { xas_set_order(&xas, page->index, compound_order(page)); nr = compound_nr(page); } VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page), page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageTail(page), page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(nr != 1 && shadow, page); xas_store(&xas, shadow); xas_init_marks(&xas); page->mapping = NULL; /* Leave page->index set: truncation lookup relies upon it */ if (shadow) { mapping->nrexceptional += nr; /* * Make sure the nrexceptional update is committed before * the nrpages update so that final truncate racing * with reclaim does not see both counters 0 at the * same time and miss a shadow entry. */ smp_wmb(); } mapping->nrpages -= nr; } static void unaccount_page_cache_page(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page) { int nr; /* * if we're uptodate, flush out into the cleancache, otherwise * invalidate any existing cleancache entries. We can't leave * stale data around in the cleancache once our page is gone */ if (PageUptodate(page) && PageMappedToDisk(page)) cleancache_put_page(page); else cleancache_invalidate_page(mapping, page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageTail(page), page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_mapped(page), page); if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEBUG_VM) && unlikely(page_mapped(page))) { int mapcount; pr_alert("BUG: Bad page cache in process %s pfn:%05lx\n", current->comm, page_to_pfn(page)); dump_page(page, "still mapped when deleted"); dump_stack(); add_taint(TAINT_BAD_PAGE, LOCKDEP_NOW_UNRELIABLE); mapcount = page_mapcount(page); if (mapping_exiting(mapping) && page_count(page) >= mapcount + 2) { /* * All vmas have already been torn down, so it's * a good bet that actually the page is unmapped, * and we'd prefer not to leak it: if we're wrong, * some other bad page check should catch it later. */ page_mapcount_reset(page); page_ref_sub(page, mapcount); } } /* hugetlb pages do not participate in page cache accounting. */ if (PageHuge(page)) return; nr = thp_nr_pages(page); __mod_lruvec_page_state(page, NR_FILE_PAGES, -nr); if (PageSwapBacked(page)) { __mod_lruvec_page_state(page, NR_SHMEM, -nr); if (PageTransHuge(page)) __dec_node_page_state(page, NR_SHMEM_THPS); } else if (PageTransHuge(page)) { __dec_node_page_state(page, NR_FILE_THPS); filemap_nr_thps_dec(mapping); } /* * At this point page must be either written or cleaned by * truncate. Dirty page here signals a bug and loss of * unwritten data. * * This fixes dirty accounting after removing the page entirely * but leaves PageDirty set: it has no effect for truncated * page and anyway will be cleared before returning page into * buddy allocator. */ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(PageDirty(page))) account_page_cleaned(page, mapping, inode_to_wb(mapping->host)); } /* * Delete a page from the page cache and free it. Caller has to make * sure the page is locked and that nobody else uses it - or that usage * is safe. The caller must hold the i_pages lock. */ void __delete_from_page_cache(struct page *page, void *shadow) { struct address_space *mapping = page->mapping; trace_mm_filemap_delete_from_page_cache(page); unaccount_page_cache_page(mapping, page); page_cache_delete(mapping, page, shadow); } static void page_cache_free_page(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page) { void (*freepage)(struct page *); freepage = mapping->a_ops->freepage; if (freepage) freepage(page); if (PageTransHuge(page) && !PageHuge(page)) { page_ref_sub(page, thp_nr_pages(page)); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_count(page) <= 0, page); } else { put_page(page); } } /** * delete_from_page_cache - delete page from page cache * @page: the page which the kernel is trying to remove from page cache * * This must be called only on pages that have been verified to be in the page * cache and locked. It will never put the page into the free list, the caller * has a reference on the page. */ void delete_from_page_cache(struct page *page) { struct address_space *mapping = page_mapping(page); unsigned long flags; BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page)); xa_lock_irqsave(&mapping->i_pages, flags); __delete_from_page_cache(page, NULL); xa_unlock_irqrestore(&mapping->i_pages, flags); page_cache_free_page(mapping, page); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(delete_from_page_cache); /* * page_cache_delete_batch - delete several pages from page cache * @mapping: the mapping to which pages belong * @pvec: pagevec with pages to delete * * The function walks over mapping->i_pages and removes pages passed in @pvec * from the mapping. The function expects @pvec to be sorted by page index * and is optimised for it to be dense. * It tolerates holes in @pvec (mapping entries at those indices are not * modified). The function expects only THP head pages to be present in the * @pvec. * * The function expects the i_pages lock to be held. */ static void page_cache_delete_batch(struct address_space *mapping, struct pagevec *pvec) { XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, pvec->pages[0]->index); int total_pages = 0; int i = 0; struct page *page; mapping_set_update(&xas, mapping); xas_for_each(&xas, page, ULONG_MAX) { if (i >= pagevec_count(pvec)) break; /* A swap/dax/shadow entry got inserted? Skip it. */ if (xa_is_value(page)) continue; /* * A page got inserted in our range? Skip it. We have our * pages locked so they are protected from being removed. * If we see a page whose index is higher than ours, it * means our page has been removed, which shouldn't be * possible because we're holding the PageLock. */ if (page != pvec->pages[i]) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page->index > pvec->pages[i]->index, page); continue; } WARN_ON_ONCE(!PageLocked(page)); if (page->index == xas.xa_index) page->mapping = NULL; /* Leave page->index set: truncation lookup relies on it */ /* * Move to the next page in the vector if this is a regular * page or the index is of the last sub-page of this compound * page. */ if (page->index + compound_nr(page) - 1 == xas.xa_index) i++; xas_store(&xas, NULL); total_pages++; } mapping->nrpages -= total_pages; } void delete_from_page_cache_batch(struct address_space *mapping, struct pagevec *pvec) { int i; unsigned long flags; if (!pagevec_count(pvec)) return; xa_lock_irqsave(&mapping->i_pages, flags); for (i = 0; i < pagevec_count(pvec); i++) { trace_mm_filemap_delete_from_page_cache(pvec->pages[i]); unaccount_page_cache_page(mapping, pvec->pages[i]); } page_cache_delete_batch(mapping, pvec); xa_unlock_irqrestore(&mapping->i_pages, flags); for (i = 0; i < pagevec_count(pvec); i++) page_cache_free_page(mapping, pvec->pages[i]); } int filemap_check_errors(struct address_space *mapping) { int ret = 0; /* Check for outstanding write errors */ if (test_bit(AS_ENOSPC, &mapping->flags) && test_and_clear_bit(AS_ENOSPC, &mapping->flags)) ret = -ENOSPC; if (test_bit(AS_EIO, &mapping->flags) && test_and_clear_bit(AS_EIO, &mapping->flags)) ret = -EIO; return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_check_errors); static int filemap_check_and_keep_errors(struct address_space *mapping) { /* Check for outstanding write errors */ if (test_bit(AS_EIO, &mapping->flags)) return -EIO; if (test_bit(AS_ENOSPC, &mapping->flags)) return -ENOSPC; return 0; } /** * __filemap_fdatawrite_range - start writeback on mapping dirty pages in range * @mapping: address space structure to write * @start: offset in bytes where the range starts * @end: offset in bytes where the range ends (inclusive) * @sync_mode: enable synchronous operation * * Start writeback against all of a mapping's dirty pages that lie * within the byte offsets <start, end> inclusive. * * If sync_mode is WB_SYNC_ALL then this is a "data integrity" operation, as * opposed to a regular memory cleansing writeback. The difference between * these two operations is that if a dirty page/buffer is encountered, it must * be waited upon, and not just skipped over. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int __filemap_fdatawrite_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start, loff_t end, int sync_mode) { int ret; struct writeback_control wbc = { .sync_mode = sync_mode, .nr_to_write = LONG_MAX, .range_start = start, .range_end = end, }; if (!mapping_can_writeback(mapping) || !mapping_tagged(mapping, PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY)) return 0; wbc_attach_fdatawrite_inode(&wbc, mapping->host); ret = do_writepages(mapping, &wbc); wbc_detach_inode(&wbc); return ret; } static inline int __filemap_fdatawrite(struct address_space *mapping, int sync_mode) { return __filemap_fdatawrite_range(mapping, 0, LLONG_MAX, sync_mode); } int filemap_fdatawrite(struct address_space *mapping) { return __filemap_fdatawrite(mapping, WB_SYNC_ALL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_fdatawrite); int filemap_fdatawrite_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start, loff_t end) { return __filemap_fdatawrite_range(mapping, start, end, WB_SYNC_ALL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_fdatawrite_range); /** * filemap_flush - mostly a non-blocking flush * @mapping: target address_space * * This is a mostly non-blocking flush. Not suitable for data-integrity * purposes - I/O may not be started against all dirty pages. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int filemap_flush(struct address_space *mapping) { return __filemap_fdatawrite(mapping, WB_SYNC_NONE); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_flush); /** * filemap_range_has_page - check if a page exists in range. * @mapping: address space within which to check * @start_byte: offset in bytes where the range starts * @end_byte: offset in bytes where the range ends (inclusive) * * Find at least one page in the range supplied, usually used to check if * direct writing in this range will trigger a writeback. * * Return: %true if at least one page exists in the specified range, * %false otherwise. */ bool filemap_range_has_page(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start_byte, loff_t end_byte) { struct page *page; XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, start_byte >> PAGE_SHIFT); pgoff_t max = end_byte >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (end_byte < start_byte) return false; rcu_read_lock(); for (;;) { page = xas_find(&xas, max); if (xas_retry(&xas, page)) continue; /* Shadow entries don't count */ if (xa_is_value(page)) continue; /* * We don't need to try to pin this page; we're about to * release the RCU lock anyway. It is enough to know that * there was a page here recently. */ break; } rcu_read_unlock(); return page != NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_range_has_page); static void __filemap_fdatawait_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start_byte, loff_t end_byte) { pgoff_t index = start_byte >> PAGE_SHIFT; pgoff_t end = end_byte >> PAGE_SHIFT; struct pagevec pvec; int nr_pages; if (end_byte < start_byte) return; pagevec_init(&pvec); while (index <= end) { unsigned i; nr_pages = pagevec_lookup_range_tag(&pvec, mapping, &index, end, PAGECACHE_TAG_WRITEBACK); if (!nr_pages) break; for (i = 0; i < nr_pages; i++) { struct page *page = pvec.pages[i]; wait_on_page_writeback(page); ClearPageError(page); } pagevec_release(&pvec); cond_resched(); } } /** * filemap_fdatawait_range - wait for writeback to complete * @mapping: address space structure to wait for * @start_byte: offset in bytes where the range starts * @end_byte: offset in bytes where the range ends (inclusive) * * Walk the list of under-writeback pages of the given address space * in the given range and wait for all of them. Check error status of * the address space and return it. * * Since the error status of the address space is cleared by this function, * callers are responsible for checking the return value and handling and/or * reporting the error. * * Return: error status of the address space. */ int filemap_fdatawait_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start_byte, loff_t end_byte) { __filemap_fdatawait_range(mapping, start_byte, end_byte); return filemap_check_errors(mapping); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_fdatawait_range); /** * filemap_fdatawait_range_keep_errors - wait for writeback to complete * @mapping: address space structure to wait for * @start_byte: offset in bytes where the range starts * @end_byte: offset in bytes where the range ends (inclusive) * * Walk the list of under-writeback pages of the given address space in the * given range and wait for all of them. Unlike filemap_fdatawait_range(), * this function does not clear error status of the address space. * * Use this function if callers don't handle errors themselves. Expected * call sites are system-wide / filesystem-wide data flushers: e.g. sync(2), * fsfreeze(8) */ int filemap_fdatawait_range_keep_errors(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start_byte, loff_t end_byte) { __filemap_fdatawait_range(mapping, start_byte, end_byte); return filemap_check_and_keep_errors(mapping); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_fdatawait_range_keep_errors); /** * file_fdatawait_range - wait for writeback to complete * @file: file pointing to address space structure to wait for * @start_byte: offset in bytes where the range starts * @end_byte: offset in bytes where the range ends (inclusive) * * Walk the list of under-writeback pages of the address space that file * refers to, in the given range and wait for all of them. Check error * status of the address space vs. the file->f_wb_err cursor and return it. * * Since the error status of the file is advanced by this function, * callers are responsible for checking the return value and handling and/or * reporting the error. * * Return: error status of the address space vs. the file->f_wb_err cursor. */ int file_fdatawait_range(struct file *file, loff_t start_byte, loff_t end_byte) { struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping; __filemap_fdatawait_range(mapping, start_byte, end_byte); return file_check_and_advance_wb_err(file); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(file_fdatawait_range); /** * filemap_fdatawait_keep_errors - wait for writeback without clearing errors * @mapping: address space structure to wait for * * Walk the list of under-writeback pages of the given address space * and wait for all of them. Unlike filemap_fdatawait(), this function * does not clear error status of the address space. * * Use this function if callers don't handle errors themselves. Expected * call sites are system-wide / filesystem-wide data flushers: e.g. sync(2), * fsfreeze(8) * * Return: error status of the address space. */ int filemap_fdatawait_keep_errors(struct address_space *mapping) { __filemap_fdatawait_range(mapping, 0, LLONG_MAX); return filemap_check_and_keep_errors(mapping); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_fdatawait_keep_errors); /* Returns true if writeback might be needed or already in progress. */ static bool mapping_needs_writeback(struct address_space *mapping) { if (dax_mapping(mapping)) return mapping->nrexceptional; return mapping->nrpages; } /** * filemap_write_and_wait_range - write out & wait on a file range * @mapping: the address_space for the pages * @lstart: offset in bytes where the range starts * @lend: offset in bytes where the range ends (inclusive) * * Write out and wait upon file offsets lstart->lend, inclusive. * * Note that @lend is inclusive (describes the last byte to be written) so * that this function can be used to write to the very end-of-file (end = -1). * * Return: error status of the address space. */ int filemap_write_and_wait_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend) { int err = 0; if (mapping_needs_writeback(mapping)) { err = __filemap_fdatawrite_range(mapping, lstart, lend, WB_SYNC_ALL); /* * Even if the above returned error, the pages may be * written partially (e.g. -ENOSPC), so we wait for it. * But the -EIO is special case, it may indicate the worst * thing (e.g. bug) happened, so we avoid waiting for it. */ if (err != -EIO) { int err2 = filemap_fdatawait_range(mapping, lstart, lend); if (!err) err = err2; } else { /* Clear any previously stored errors */ filemap_check_errors(mapping); } } else { err = filemap_check_errors(mapping); } return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_write_and_wait_range); void __filemap_set_wb_err(struct address_space *mapping, int err) { errseq_t eseq = errseq_set(&mapping->wb_err, err); trace_filemap_set_wb_err(mapping, eseq); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__filemap_set_wb_err); /** * file_check_and_advance_wb_err - report wb error (if any) that was previously * and advance wb_err to current one * @file: struct file on which the error is being reported * * When userland calls fsync (or something like nfsd does the equivalent), we * want to report any writeback errors that occurred since the last fsync (or * since the file was opened if there haven't been any). * * Grab the wb_err from the mapping. If it matches what we have in the file, * then just quickly return 0. The file is all caught up. * * If it doesn't match, then take the mapping value, set the "seen" flag in * it and try to swap it into place. If it works, or another task beat us * to it with the new value, then update the f_wb_err and return the error * portion. The error at this point must be reported via proper channels * (a'la fsync, or NFS COMMIT operation, etc.). * * While we handle mapping->wb_err with atomic operations, the f_wb_err * value is protected by the f_lock since we must ensure that it reflects * the latest value swapped in for this file descriptor. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int file_check_and_advance_wb_err(struct file *file) { int err = 0; errseq_t old = READ_ONCE(file->f_wb_err); struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping; /* Locklessly handle the common case where nothing has changed */ if (errseq_check(&mapping->wb_err, old)) { /* Something changed, must use slow path */ spin_lock(&file->f_lock); old = file->f_wb_err; err = errseq_check_and_advance(&mapping->wb_err, &file->f_wb_err); trace_file_check_and_advance_wb_err(file, old); spin_unlock(&file->f_lock); } /* * We're mostly using this function as a drop in replacement for * filemap_check_errors. Clear AS_EIO/AS_ENOSPC to emulate the effect * that the legacy code would have had on these flags. */ clear_bit(AS_EIO, &mapping->flags); clear_bit(AS_ENOSPC, &mapping->flags); return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(file_check_and_advance_wb_err); /** * file_write_and_wait_range - write out & wait on a file range * @file: file pointing to address_space with pages * @lstart: offset in bytes where the range starts * @lend: offset in bytes where the range ends (inclusive) * * Write out and wait upon file offsets lstart->lend, inclusive. * * Note that @lend is inclusive (describes the last byte to be written) so * that this function can be used to write to the very end-of-file (end = -1). * * After writing out and waiting on the data, we check and advance the * f_wb_err cursor to the latest value, and return any errors detected there. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int file_write_and_wait_range(struct file *file, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend) { int err = 0, err2; struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping; if (mapping_needs_writeback(mapping)) { err = __filemap_fdatawrite_range(mapping, lstart, lend, WB_SYNC_ALL); /* See comment of filemap_write_and_wait() */ if (err != -EIO) __filemap_fdatawait_range(mapping, lstart, lend); } err2 = file_check_and_advance_wb_err(file); if (!err) err = err2; return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(file_write_and_wait_range); /** * replace_page_cache_page - replace a pagecache page with a new one * @old: page to be replaced * @new: page to replace with * @gfp_mask: allocation mode * * This function replaces a page in the pagecache with a new one. On * success it acquires the pagecache reference for the new page and * drops it for the old page. Both the old and new pages must be * locked. This function does not add the new page to the LRU, the * caller must do that. * * The remove + add is atomic. This function cannot fail. * * Return: %0 */ int replace_page_cache_page(struct page *old, struct page *new, gfp_t gfp_mask) { struct address_space *mapping = old->mapping; void (*freepage)(struct page *) = mapping->a_ops->freepage; pgoff_t offset = old->index; XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, offset); unsigned long flags; VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(old), old); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(new), new); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(new->mapping, new); get_page(new); new->mapping = mapping; new->index = offset; mem_cgroup_migrate(old, new); xas_lock_irqsave(&xas, flags); xas_store(&xas, new); old->mapping = NULL; /* hugetlb pages do not participate in page cache accounting. */ if (!PageHuge(old)) __dec_lruvec_page_state(old, NR_FILE_PAGES); if (!PageHuge(new)) __inc_lruvec_page_state(new, NR_FILE_PAGES); if (PageSwapBacked(old)) __dec_lruvec_page_state(old, NR_SHMEM); if (PageSwapBacked(new)) __inc_lruvec_page_state(new, NR_SHMEM); xas_unlock_irqrestore(&xas, flags); if (freepage) freepage(old); put_page(old); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(replace_page_cache_page); noinline int __add_to_page_cache_locked(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t offset, gfp_t gfp, void **shadowp) { XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, offset); int huge = PageHuge(page); int error; bool charged = false; VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page), page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageSwapBacked(page), page); mapping_set_update(&xas, mapping); get_page(page); page->mapping = mapping; page->index = offset; if (!huge) { error = mem_cgroup_charge(page, current->mm, gfp); if (error) goto error; charged = true; } gfp &= GFP_RECLAIM_MASK; do { unsigned int order = xa_get_order(xas.xa, xas.xa_index); void *entry, *old = NULL; if (order > thp_order(page)) xas_split_alloc(&xas, xa_load(xas.xa, xas.xa_index), order, gfp); xas_lock_irq(&xas); xas_for_each_conflict(&xas, entry) { old = entry; if (!xa_is_value(entry)) { xas_set_err(&xas, -EEXIST); goto unlock; } } if (old) { if (shadowp) *shadowp = old; /* entry may have been split before we acquired lock */ order = xa_get_order(xas.xa, xas.xa_index); if (order > thp_order(page)) { xas_split(&xas, old, order); xas_reset(&xas); } } xas_store(&xas, page); if (xas_error(&xas)) goto unlock; if (old) mapping->nrexceptional--; mapping->nrpages++; /* hugetlb pages do not participate in page cache accounting */ if (!huge) __inc_lruvec_page_state(page, NR_FILE_PAGES); unlock: xas_unlock_irq(&xas); } while (xas_nomem(&xas, gfp)); if (xas_error(&xas)) { error = xas_error(&xas); if (charged) mem_cgroup_uncharge(page); goto error; } trace_mm_filemap_add_to_page_cache(page); return 0; error: page->mapping = NULL; /* Leave page->index set: truncation relies upon it */ put_page(page); return error; } ALLOW_ERROR_INJECTION(__add_to_page_cache_locked, ERRNO); /** * add_to_page_cache_locked - add a locked page to the pagecache * @page: page to add * @mapping: the page's address_space * @offset: page index * @gfp_mask: page allocation mode * * This function is used to add a page to the pagecache. It must be locked. * This function does not add the page to the LRU. The caller must do that. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int add_to_page_cache_locked(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t offset, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return __add_to_page_cache_locked(page, mapping, offset, gfp_mask, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(add_to_page_cache_locked); int add_to_page_cache_lru(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t offset, gfp_t gfp_mask) { void *shadow = NULL; int ret; __SetPageLocked(page); ret = __add_to_page_cache_locked(page, mapping, offset, gfp_mask, &shadow); if (unlikely(ret)) __ClearPageLocked(page); else { /* * The page might have been evicted from cache only * recently, in which case it should be activated like * any other repeatedly accessed page. * The exception is pages getting rewritten; evicting other * data from the working set, only to cache data that will * get overwritten with something else, is a waste of memory. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(PageActive(page)); if (!(gfp_mask & __GFP_WRITE) && shadow) workingset_refault(page, shadow); lru_cache_add(page); } return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(add_to_page_cache_lru); #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA struct page *__page_cache_alloc(gfp_t gfp) { int n; struct page *page; if (cpuset_do_page_mem_spread()) { unsigned int cpuset_mems_cookie; do { cpuset_mems_cookie = read_mems_allowed_begin(); n = cpuset_mem_spread_node(); page = __alloc_pages_node(n, gfp, 0); } while (!page && read_mems_allowed_retry(cpuset_mems_cookie)); return page; } return alloc_pages(gfp, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__page_cache_alloc); #endif /* * In order to wait for pages to become available there must be * waitqueues associated with pages. By using a hash table of * waitqueues where the bucket discipline is to maintain all * waiters on the same queue and wake all when any of the pages * become available, and for the woken contexts to check to be * sure the appropriate page became available, this saves space * at a cost of "thundering herd" phenomena during rare hash * collisions. */ #define PAGE_WAIT_TABLE_BITS 8 #define PAGE_WAIT_TABLE_SIZE (1 << PAGE_WAIT_TABLE_BITS) static wait_queue_head_t page_wait_table[PAGE_WAIT_TABLE_SIZE] __cacheline_aligned; static wait_queue_head_t *page_waitqueue(struct page *page) { return &page_wait_table[hash_ptr(page, PAGE_WAIT_TABLE_BITS)]; } void __init pagecache_init(void) { int i; for (i = 0; i < PAGE_WAIT_TABLE_SIZE; i++) init_waitqueue_head(&page_wait_table[i]); page_writeback_init(); } /* * The page wait code treats the "wait->flags" somewhat unusually, because * we have multiple different kinds of waits, not just the usual "exclusive" * one. * * We have: * * (a) no special bits set: * * We're just waiting for the bit to be released, and when a waker * calls the wakeup function, we set WQ_FLAG_WOKEN and wake it up, * and remove it from the wait queue. * * Simple and straightforward. * * (b) WQ_FLAG_EXCLUSIVE: * * The waiter is waiting to get the lock, and only one waiter should * be woken up to avoid any thundering herd behavior. We'll set the * WQ_FLAG_WOKEN bit, wake it up, and remove it from the wait queue. * * This is the traditional exclusive wait. * * (c) WQ_FLAG_EXCLUSIVE | WQ_FLAG_CUSTOM: * * The waiter is waiting to get the bit, and additionally wants the * lock to be transferred to it for fair lock behavior. If the lock * cannot be taken, we stop walking the wait queue without waking * the waiter. * * This is the "fair lock handoff" case, and in addition to setting * WQ_FLAG_WOKEN, we set WQ_FLAG_DONE to let the waiter easily see * that it now has the lock. */ static int wake_page_function(wait_queue_entry_t *wait, unsigned mode, int sync, void *arg) { unsigned int flags; struct wait_page_key *key = arg; struct wait_page_queue *wait_page = container_of(wait, struct wait_page_queue, wait); if (!wake_page_match(wait_page, key)) return 0; /* * If it's a lock handoff wait, we get the bit for it, and * stop walking (and do not wake it up) if we can't. */ flags = wait->flags; if (flags & WQ_FLAG_EXCLUSIVE) { if (test_bit(key->bit_nr, &key->page->flags)) return -1; if (flags & WQ_FLAG_CUSTOM) { if (test_and_set_bit(key->bit_nr, &key->page->flags)) return -1; flags |= WQ_FLAG_DONE; } } /* * We are holding the wait-queue lock, but the waiter that * is waiting for this will be checking the flags without * any locking. * * So update the flags atomically, and wake up the waiter * afterwards to avoid any races. This store-release pairs * with the load-acquire in wait_on_page_bit_common(). */ smp_store_release(&wait->flags, flags | WQ_FLAG_WOKEN); wake_up_state(wait->private, mode); /* * Ok, we have successfully done what we're waiting for, * and we can unconditionally remove the wait entry. * * Note that this pairs with the "finish_wait()" in the * waiter, and has to be the absolute last thing we do. * After this list_del_init(&wait->entry) the wait entry * might be de-allocated and the process might even have * exited. */ list_del_init_careful(&wait->entry); return (flags & WQ_FLAG_EXCLUSIVE) != 0; } static void wake_up_page_bit(struct page *page, int bit_nr) { wait_queue_head_t *q = page_waitqueue(page); struct wait_page_key key; unsigned long flags; wait_queue_entry_t bookmark; key.page = page; key.bit_nr = bit_nr; key.page_match = 0; bookmark.flags = 0; bookmark.private = NULL; bookmark.func = NULL; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&bookmark.entry); spin_lock_irqsave(&q->lock, flags); __wake_up_locked_key_bookmark(q, TASK_NORMAL, &key, &bookmark); while (bookmark.flags & WQ_FLAG_BOOKMARK) { /* * Take a breather from holding the lock, * allow pages that finish wake up asynchronously * to acquire the lock and remove themselves * from wait queue */ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&q->lock, flags); cpu_relax(); spin_lock_irqsave(&q->lock, flags); __wake_up_locked_key_bookmark(q, TASK_NORMAL, &key, &bookmark); } /* * It is possible for other pages to have collided on the waitqueue * hash, so in that case check for a page match. That prevents a long- * term waiter * * It is still possible to miss a case here, when we woke page waiters * and removed them from the waitqueue, but there are still other * page waiters. */ if (!waitqueue_active(q) || !key.page_match) { ClearPageWaiters(page); /* * It's possible to miss clearing Waiters here, when we woke * our page waiters, but the hashed waitqueue has waiters for * other pages on it. * * That's okay, it's a rare case. The next waker will clear it. */ } spin_unlock_irqrestore(&q->lock, flags); } static void wake_up_page(struct page *page, int bit) { if (!PageWaiters(page)) return; wake_up_page_bit(page, bit); } /* * A choice of three behaviors for wait_on_page_bit_common(): */ enum behavior { EXCLUSIVE, /* Hold ref to page and take the bit when woken, like * __lock_page() waiting on then setting PG_locked. */ SHARED, /* Hold ref to page and check the bit when woken, like * wait_on_page_writeback() waiting on PG_writeback. */ DROP, /* Drop ref to page before wait, no check when woken, * like put_and_wait_on_page_locked() on PG_locked. */ }; /* * Attempt to check (or get) the page bit, and mark us done * if successful. */ static inline bool trylock_page_bit_common(struct page *page, int bit_nr, struct wait_queue_entry *wait) { if (wait->flags & WQ_FLAG_EXCLUSIVE) { if (test_and_set_bit(bit_nr, &page->flags)) return false; } else if (test_bit(bit_nr, &page->flags)) return false; wait->flags |= WQ_FLAG_WOKEN | WQ_FLAG_DONE; return true; } /* How many times do we accept lock stealing from under a waiter? */ int sysctl_page_lock_unfairness = 5; static inline int wait_on_page_bit_common(wait_queue_head_t *q, struct page *page, int bit_nr, int state, enum behavior behavior) { int unfairness = sysctl_page_lock_unfairness; struct wait_page_queue wait_page; wait_queue_entry_t *wait = &wait_page.wait; bool thrashing = false; bool delayacct = false; unsigned long pflags; if (bit_nr == PG_locked && !PageUptodate(page) && PageWorkingset(page)) { if (!PageSwapBacked(page)) { delayacct_thrashing_start(); delayacct = true; } psi_memstall_enter(&pflags); thrashing = true; } init_wait(wait); wait->func = wake_page_function; wait_page.page = page; wait_page.bit_nr = bit_nr; repeat: wait->flags = 0; if (behavior == EXCLUSIVE) { wait->flags = WQ_FLAG_EXCLUSIVE; if (--unfairness < 0) wait->flags |= WQ_FLAG_CUSTOM; } /* * Do one last check whether we can get the * page bit synchronously. * * Do the SetPageWaiters() marking before that * to let any waker we _just_ missed know they * need to wake us up (otherwise they'll never * even go to the slow case that looks at the * page queue), and add ourselves to the wait * queue if we need to sleep. * * This part needs to be done under the queue * lock to avoid races. */ spin_lock_irq(&q->lock); SetPageWaiters(page); if (!trylock_page_bit_common(page, bit_nr, wait)) __add_wait_queue_entry_tail(q, wait); spin_unlock_irq(&q->lock); /* * From now on, all the logic will be based on * the WQ_FLAG_WOKEN and WQ_FLAG_DONE flag, to * see whether the page bit testing has already * been done by the wake function. * * We can drop our reference to the page. */ if (behavior == DROP) put_page(page); /* * Note that until the "finish_wait()", or until * we see the WQ_FLAG_WOKEN flag, we need to * be very careful with the 'wait->flags', because * we may race with a waker that sets them. */ for (;;) { unsigned int flags; set_current_state(state); /* Loop until we've been woken or interrupted */ flags = smp_load_acquire(&wait->flags); if (!(flags & WQ_FLAG_WOKEN)) { if (signal_pending_state(state, current)) break; io_schedule(); continue; } /* If we were non-exclusive, we're done */ if (behavior != EXCLUSIVE) break; /* If the waker got the lock for us, we're done */ if (flags & WQ_FLAG_DONE) break; /* * Otherwise, if we're getting the lock, we need to * try to get it ourselves. * * And if that fails, we'll have to retry this all. */ if (unlikely(test_and_set_bit(bit_nr, &page->flags))) goto repeat; wait->flags |= WQ_FLAG_DONE; break; } /* * If a signal happened, this 'finish_wait()' may remove the last * waiter from the wait-queues, but the PageWaiters bit will remain * set. That's ok. The next wakeup will take care of it, and trying * to do it here would be difficult and prone to races. */ finish_wait(q, wait); if (thrashing) { if (delayacct) delayacct_thrashing_end(); psi_memstall_leave(&pflags); } /* * NOTE! The wait->flags weren't stable until we've done the * 'finish_wait()', and we could have exited the loop above due * to a signal, and had a wakeup event happen after the signal * test but before the 'finish_wait()'. * * So only after the finish_wait() can we reliably determine * if we got woken up or not, so we can now figure out the final * return value based on that state without races. * * Also note that WQ_FLAG_WOKEN is sufficient for a non-exclusive * waiter, but an exclusive one requires WQ_FLAG_DONE. */ if (behavior == EXCLUSIVE) return wait->flags & WQ_FLAG_DONE ? 0 : -EINTR; return wait->flags & WQ_FLAG_WOKEN ? 0 : -EINTR; } void wait_on_page_bit(struct page *page, int bit_nr) { wait_queue_head_t *q = page_waitqueue(page); wait_on_page_bit_common(q, page, bit_nr, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE, SHARED); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(wait_on_page_bit); int wait_on_page_bit_killable(struct page *page, int bit_nr) { wait_queue_head_t *q = page_waitqueue(page); return wait_on_page_bit_common(q, page, bit_nr, TASK_KILLABLE, SHARED); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(wait_on_page_bit_killable); static int __wait_on_page_locked_async(struct page *page, struct wait_page_queue *wait, bool set) { struct wait_queue_head *q = page_waitqueue(page); int ret = 0; wait->page = page; wait->bit_nr = PG_locked; spin_lock_irq(&q->lock); __add_wait_queue_entry_tail(q, &wait->wait); SetPageWaiters(page); if (set) ret = !trylock_page(page); else ret = PageLocked(page); /* * If we were succesful now, we know we're still on the * waitqueue as we're still under the lock. This means it's * safe to remove and return success, we know the callback * isn't going to trigger. */ if (!ret) __remove_wait_queue(q, &wait->wait); else ret = -EIOCBQUEUED; spin_unlock_irq(&q->lock); return ret; } static int wait_on_page_locked_async(struct page *page, struct wait_page_queue *wait) { if (!PageLocked(page)) return 0; return __wait_on_page_locked_async(compound_head(page), wait, false); } /** * put_and_wait_on_page_locked - Drop a reference and wait for it to be unlocked * @page: The page to wait for. * * The caller should hold a reference on @page. They expect the page to * become unlocked relatively soon, but do not wish to hold up migration * (for example) by holding the reference while waiting for the page to * come unlocked. After this function returns, the caller should not * dereference @page. */ void put_and_wait_on_page_locked(struct page *page) { wait_queue_head_t *q; page = compound_head(page); q = page_waitqueue(page); wait_on_page_bit_common(q, page, PG_locked, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE, DROP); } /** * add_page_wait_queue - Add an arbitrary waiter to a page's wait queue * @page: Page defining the wait queue of interest * @waiter: Waiter to add to the queue * * Add an arbitrary @waiter to the wait queue for the nominated @page. */ void add_page_wait_queue(struct page *page, wait_queue_entry_t *waiter) { wait_queue_head_t *q = page_waitqueue(page); unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&q->lock, flags); __add_wait_queue_entry_tail(q, waiter); SetPageWaiters(page); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&q->lock, flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(add_page_wait_queue); #ifndef clear_bit_unlock_is_negative_byte /* * PG_waiters is the high bit in the same byte as PG_lock. * * On x86 (and on many other architectures), we can clear PG_lock and * test the sign bit at the same time. But if the architecture does * not support that special operation, we just do this all by hand * instead. * * The read of PG_waiters has to be after (or concurrently with) PG_locked * being cleared, but a memory barrier should be unnecessary since it is * in the same byte as PG_locked. */ static inline bool clear_bit_unlock_is_negative_byte(long nr, volatile void *mem) { clear_bit_unlock(nr, mem); /* smp_mb__after_atomic(); */ return test_bit(PG_waiters, mem); } #endif /** * unlock_page - unlock a locked page * @page: the page * * Unlocks the page and wakes up sleepers in wait_on_page_locked(). * Also wakes sleepers in wait_on_page_writeback() because the wakeup * mechanism between PageLocked pages and PageWriteback pages is shared. * But that's OK - sleepers in wait_on_page_writeback() just go back to sleep. * * Note that this depends on PG_waiters being the sign bit in the byte * that contains PG_locked - thus the BUILD_BUG_ON(). That allows us to * clear the PG_locked bit and test PG_waiters at the same time fairly * portably (architectures that do LL/SC can test any bit, while x86 can * test the sign bit). */ void unlock_page(struct page *page) { BUILD_BUG_ON(PG_waiters != 7); page = compound_head(page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page), page); if (clear_bit_unlock_is_negative_byte(PG_locked, &page->flags)) wake_up_page_bit(page, PG_locked); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(unlock_page); /** * end_page_writeback - end writeback against a page * @page: the page */ void end_page_writeback(struct page *page) { /* * TestClearPageReclaim could be used here but it is an atomic * operation and overkill in this particular case. Failing to * shuffle a page marked for immediate reclaim is too mild to * justify taking an atomic operation penalty at the end of * ever page writeback. */ if (PageReclaim(page)) { ClearPageReclaim(page); rotate_reclaimable_page(page); } /* * Writeback does not hold a page reference of its own, relying * on truncation to wait for the clearing of PG_writeback. * But here we must make sure that the page is not freed and * reused before the wake_up_page(). */ get_page(page); if (!test_clear_page_writeback(page)) BUG(); smp_mb__after_atomic(); wake_up_page(page, PG_writeback); put_page(page); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(end_page_writeback); /* * After completing I/O on a page, call this routine to update the page * flags appropriately */ void page_endio(struct page *page, bool is_write, int err) { if (!is_write) { if (!err) { SetPageUptodate(page); } else { ClearPageUptodate(page); SetPageError(page); } unlock_page(page); } else { if (err) { struct address_space *mapping; SetPageError(page); mapping = page_mapping(page); if (mapping) mapping_set_error(mapping, err); } end_page_writeback(page); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(page_endio); /** * __lock_page - get a lock on the page, assuming we need to sleep to get it * @__page: the page to lock */ void __lock_page(struct page *__page) { struct page *page = compound_head(__page); wait_queue_head_t *q = page_waitqueue(page); wait_on_page_bit_common(q, page, PG_locked, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE, EXCLUSIVE); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__lock_page); int __lock_page_killable(struct page *__page) { struct page *page = compound_head(__page); wait_queue_head_t *q = page_waitqueue(page); return wait_on_page_bit_common(q, page, PG_locked, TASK_KILLABLE, EXCLUSIVE); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__lock_page_killable); int __lock_page_async(struct page *page, struct wait_page_queue *wait) { return __wait_on_page_locked_async(page, wait, true); } /* * Return values: * 1 - page is locked; mmap_lock is still held. * 0 - page is not locked. * mmap_lock has been released (mmap_read_unlock(), unless flags had both * FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY and FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT set, in * which case mmap_lock is still held. * * If neither ALLOW_RETRY nor KILLABLE are set, will always return 1 * with the page locked and the mmap_lock unperturbed. */ int __lock_page_or_retry(struct page *page, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned int flags) { if (fault_flag_allow_retry_first(flags)) { /* * CAUTION! In this case, mmap_lock is not released * even though return 0. */ if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT) return 0; mmap_read_unlock(mm); if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE) wait_on_page_locked_killable(page); else wait_on_page_locked(page); return 0; } else { if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE) { int ret; ret = __lock_page_killable(page); if (ret) { mmap_read_unlock(mm); return 0; } } else __lock_page(page); return 1; } } /** * page_cache_next_miss() - Find the next gap in the page cache. * @mapping: Mapping. * @index: Index. * @max_scan: Maximum range to search. * * Search the range [index, min(index + max_scan - 1, ULONG_MAX)] for the * gap with the lowest index. * * This function may be called under the rcu_read_lock. However, this will * not atomically search a snapshot of the cache at a single point in time. * For example, if a gap is created at index 5, then subsequently a gap is * created at index 10, page_cache_next_miss covering both indices may * return 10 if called under the rcu_read_lock. * * Return: The index of the gap if found, otherwise an index outside the * range specified (in which case 'return - index >= max_scan' will be true). * In the rare case of index wrap-around, 0 will be returned. */ pgoff_t page_cache_next_miss(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, unsigned long max_scan) { XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, index); while (max_scan--) { void *entry = xas_next(&xas); if (!entry || xa_is_value(entry)) break; if (xas.xa_index == 0) break; } return xas.xa_index; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(page_cache_next_miss); /** * page_cache_prev_miss() - Find the previous gap in the page cache. * @mapping: Mapping. * @index: Index. * @max_scan: Maximum range to search. * * Search the range [max(index - max_scan + 1, 0), index] for the * gap with the highest index. * * This function may be called under the rcu_read_lock. However, this will * not atomically search a snapshot of the cache at a single point in time. * For example, if a gap is created at index 10, then subsequently a gap is * created at index 5, page_cache_prev_miss() covering both indices may * return 5 if called under the rcu_read_lock. * * Return: The index of the gap if found, otherwise an index outside the * range specified (in which case 'index - return >= max_scan' will be true). * In the rare case of wrap-around, ULONG_MAX will be returned. */ pgoff_t page_cache_prev_miss(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, unsigned long max_scan) { XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, index); while (max_scan--) { void *entry = xas_prev(&xas); if (!entry || xa_is_value(entry)) break; if (xas.xa_index == ULONG_MAX) break; } return xas.xa_index; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(page_cache_prev_miss); /** * find_get_entry - find and get a page cache entry * @mapping: the address_space to search * @index: The page cache index. * * Looks up the page cache slot at @mapping & @offset. If there is a * page cache page, the head page is returned with an increased refcount. * * If the slot holds a shadow entry of a previously evicted page, or a * swap entry from shmem/tmpfs, it is returned. * * Return: The head page or shadow entry, %NULL if nothing is found. */ struct page *find_get_entry(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index) { XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, index); struct page *page; rcu_read_lock(); repeat: xas_reset(&xas); page = xas_load(&xas); if (xas_retry(&xas, page)) goto repeat; /* * A shadow entry of a recently evicted page, or a swap entry from * shmem/tmpfs. Return it without attempting to raise page count. */ if (!page || xa_is_value(page)) goto out; if (!page_cache_get_speculative(page)) goto repeat; /* * Has the page moved or been split? * This is part of the lockless pagecache protocol. See * include/linux/pagemap.h for details. */ if (unlikely(page != xas_reload(&xas))) { put_page(page); goto repeat; } out: rcu_read_unlock(); return page; } /** * find_lock_entry - Locate and lock a page cache entry. * @mapping: The address_space to search. * @index: The page cache index. * * Looks up the page at @mapping & @index. If there is a page in the * cache, the head page is returned locked and with an increased refcount. * * If the slot holds a shadow entry of a previously evicted page, or a * swap entry from shmem/tmpfs, it is returned. * * Context: May sleep. * Return: The head page or shadow entry, %NULL if nothing is found. */ struct page *find_lock_entry(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index) { struct page *page; repeat: page = find_get_entry(mapping, index); if (page && !xa_is_value(page)) { lock_page(page); /* Has the page been truncated? */ if (unlikely(page->mapping != mapping)) { unlock_page(page); put_page(page); goto repeat; } VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!thp_contains(page, index), page); } return page; } /** * pagecache_get_page - Find and get a reference to a page. * @mapping: The address_space to search. * @index: The page index. * @fgp_flags: %FGP flags modify how the page is returned. * @gfp_mask: Memory allocation flags to use if %FGP_CREAT is specified. * * Looks up the page cache entry at @mapping & @index. * * @fgp_flags can be zero or more of these flags: * * * %FGP_ACCESSED - The page will be marked accessed. * * %FGP_LOCK - The page is returned locked. * * %FGP_HEAD - If the page is present and a THP, return the head page * rather than the exact page specified by the index. * * %FGP_CREAT - If no page is present then a new page is allocated using * @gfp_mask and added to the page cache and the VM's LRU list. * The page is returned locked and with an increased refcount. * * %FGP_FOR_MMAP - The caller wants to do its own locking dance if the * page is already in cache. If the page was allocated, unlock it before * returning so the caller can do the same dance. * * %FGP_WRITE - The page will be written * * %FGP_NOFS - __GFP_FS will get cleared in gfp mask * * %FGP_NOWAIT - Don't get blocked by page lock * * If %FGP_LOCK or %FGP_CREAT are specified then the function may sleep even * if the %GFP flags specified for %FGP_CREAT are atomic. * * If there is a page cache page, it is returned with an increased refcount. * * Return: The found page or %NULL otherwise. */ struct page *pagecache_get_page(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, int fgp_flags, gfp_t gfp_mask) { struct page *page; repeat: page = find_get_entry(mapping, index); if (xa_is_value(page)) page = NULL; if (!page) goto no_page; if (fgp_flags & FGP_LOCK) { if (fgp_flags & FGP_NOWAIT) { if (!trylock_page(page)) { put_page(page); return NULL; } } else { lock_page(page); } /* Has the page been truncated? */ if (unlikely(page->mapping != mapping)) { unlock_page(page); put_page(page); goto repeat; } VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!thp_contains(page, index), page); } if (fgp_flags & FGP_ACCESSED) mark_page_accessed(page); else if (fgp_flags & FGP_WRITE) { /* Clear idle flag for buffer write */ if (page_is_idle(page)) clear_page_idle(page); } if (!(fgp_flags & FGP_HEAD)) page = find_subpage(page, index); no_page: if (!page && (fgp_flags & FGP_CREAT)) { int err; if ((fgp_flags & FGP_WRITE) && mapping_can_writeback(mapping)) gfp_mask |= __GFP_WRITE; if (fgp_flags & FGP_NOFS) gfp_mask &= ~__GFP_FS; page = __page_cache_alloc(gfp_mask); if (!page) return NULL; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!(fgp_flags & (FGP_LOCK | FGP_FOR_MMAP)))) fgp_flags |= FGP_LOCK; /* Init accessed so avoid atomic mark_page_accessed later */ if (fgp_flags & FGP_ACCESSED) __SetPageReferenced(page); err = add_to_page_cache_lru(page, mapping, index, gfp_mask); if (unlikely(err)) { put_page(page); page = NULL; if (err == -EEXIST) goto repeat; } /* * add_to_page_cache_lru locks the page, and for mmap we expect * an unlocked page. */ if (page && (fgp_flags & FGP_FOR_MMAP)) unlock_page(page); } return page; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(pagecache_get_page); /** * find_get_entries - gang pagecache lookup * @mapping: The address_space to search * @start: The starting page cache index * @nr_entries: The maximum number of entries * @entries: Where the resulting entries are placed * @indices: The cache indices corresponding to the entries in @entries * * find_get_entries() will search for and return a group of up to * @nr_entries entries in the mapping. The entries are placed at * @entries. find_get_entries() takes a reference against any actual * pages it returns. * * The search returns a group of mapping-contiguous page cache entries * with ascending indexes. There may be holes in the indices due to * not-present pages. * * Any shadow entries of evicted pages, or swap entries from * shmem/tmpfs, are included in the returned array. * * If it finds a Transparent Huge Page, head or tail, find_get_entries() * stops at that page: the caller is likely to have a better way to handle * the compound page as a whole, and then skip its extent, than repeatedly * calling find_get_entries() to return all its tails. * * Return: the number of pages and shadow entries which were found. */ unsigned find_get_entries(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, unsigned int nr_entries, struct page **entries, pgoff_t *indices) { XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, start); struct page *page; unsigned int ret = 0; if (!nr_entries) return 0; rcu_read_lock(); xas_for_each(&xas, page, ULONG_MAX) { if (xas_retry(&xas, page)) continue; /* * A shadow entry of a recently evicted page, a swap * entry from shmem/tmpfs or a DAX entry. Return it * without attempting to raise page count. */ if (xa_is_value(page)) goto export; if (!page_cache_get_speculative(page)) goto retry; /* Has the page moved or been split? */ if (unlikely(page != xas_reload(&xas))) goto put_page; /* * Terminate early on finding a THP, to allow the caller to * handle it all at once; but continue if this is hugetlbfs. */ if (PageTransHuge(page) && !PageHuge(page)) { page = find_subpage(page, xas.xa_index); nr_entries = ret + 1; } export: indices[ret] = xas.xa_index; entries[ret] = page; if (++ret == nr_entries) break; continue; put_page: put_page(page); retry: xas_reset(&xas); } rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } /** * find_get_pages_range - gang pagecache lookup * @mapping: The address_space to search * @start: The starting page index * @end: The final page index (inclusive) * @nr_pages: The maximum number of pages * @pages: Where the resulting pages are placed * * find_get_pages_range() will search for and return a group of up to @nr_pages * pages in the mapping starting at index @start and up to index @end * (inclusive). The pages are placed at @pages. find_get_pages_range() takes * a reference against the returned pages. * * The search returns a group of mapping-contiguous pages with ascending * indexes. There may be holes in the indices due to not-present pages. * We also update @start to index the next page for the traversal. * * Return: the number of pages which were found. If this number is * smaller than @nr_pages, the end of specified range has been * reached. */ unsigned find_get_pages_range(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t *start, pgoff_t end, unsigned int nr_pages, struct page **pages) { XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, *start); struct page *page; unsigned ret = 0; if (unlikely(!nr_pages)) return 0; rcu_read_lock(); xas_for_each(&xas, page, end) { if (xas_retry(&xas, page)) continue; /* Skip over shadow, swap and DAX entries */ if (xa_is_value(page)) continue; if (!page_cache_get_speculative(page)) goto retry; /* Has the page moved or been split? */ if (unlikely(page != xas_reload(&xas))) goto put_page; pages[ret] = find_subpage(page, xas.xa_index); if (++ret == nr_pages) { *start = xas.xa_index + 1; goto out; } continue; put_page: put_page(page); retry: xas_reset(&xas); } /* * We come here when there is no page beyond @end. We take care to not * overflow the index @start as it confuses some of the callers. This * breaks the iteration when there is a page at index -1 but that is * already broken anyway. */ if (end == (pgoff_t)-1) *start = (pgoff_t)-1; else *start = end + 1; out: rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } /** * find_get_pages_contig - gang contiguous pagecache lookup * @mapping: The address_space to search * @index: The starting page index * @nr_pages: The maximum number of pages * @pages: Where the resulting pages are placed * * find_get_pages_contig() works exactly like find_get_pages(), except * that the returned number of pages are guaranteed to be contiguous. * * Return: the number of pages which were found. */ unsigned find_get_pages_contig(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, unsigned int nr_pages, struct page **pages) { XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, index); struct page *page; unsigned int ret = 0; if (unlikely(!nr_pages)) return 0; rcu_read_lock(); for (page = xas_load(&xas); page; page = xas_next(&xas)) { if (xas_retry(&xas, page)) continue; /* * If the entry has been swapped out, we can stop looking. * No current caller is looking for DAX entries. */ if (xa_is_value(page)) break; if (!page_cache_get_speculative(page)) goto retry; /* Has the page moved or been split? */ if (unlikely(page != xas_reload(&xas))) goto put_page; pages[ret] = find_subpage(page, xas.xa_index); if (++ret == nr_pages) break; continue; put_page: put_page(page); retry: xas_reset(&xas); } rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(find_get_pages_contig); /** * find_get_pages_range_tag - find and return pages in given range matching @tag * @mapping: the address_space to search * @index: the starting page index * @end: The final page index (inclusive) * @tag: the tag index * @nr_pages: the maximum number of pages * @pages: where the resulting pages are placed * * Like find_get_pages, except we only return pages which are tagged with * @tag. We update @index to index the next page for the traversal. * * Return: the number of pages which were found. */ unsigned find_get_pages_range_tag(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t *index, pgoff_t end, xa_mark_t tag, unsigned int nr_pages, struct page **pages) { XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, *index); struct page *page; unsigned ret = 0; if (unlikely(!nr_pages)) return 0; rcu_read_lock(); xas_for_each_marked(&xas, page, end, tag) { if (xas_retry(&xas, page)) continue; /* * Shadow entries should never be tagged, but this iteration * is lockless so there is a window for page reclaim to evict * a page we saw tagged. Skip over it. */ if (xa_is_value(page)) continue; if (!page_cache_get_speculative(page)) goto retry; /* Has the page moved or been split? */ if (unlikely(page != xas_reload(&xas))) goto put_page; pages[ret] = find_subpage(page, xas.xa_index); if (++ret == nr_pages) { *index = xas.xa_index + 1; goto out; } continue; put_page: put_page(page); retry: xas_reset(&xas); } /* * We come here when we got to @end. We take care to not overflow the * index @index as it confuses some of the callers. This breaks the * iteration when there is a page at index -1 but that is already * broken anyway. */ if (end == (pgoff_t)-1) *index = (pgoff_t)-1; else *index = end + 1; out: rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(find_get_pages_range_tag); /* * CD/DVDs are error prone. When a medium error occurs, the driver may fail * a _large_ part of the i/o request. Imagine the worst scenario: * * ---R__________________________________________B__________ * ^ reading here ^ bad block(assume 4k) * * read(R) => miss => readahead(R...B) => media error => frustrating retries * => failing the whole request => read(R) => read(R+1) => * readahead(R+1...B+1) => bang => read(R+2) => read(R+3) => * readahead(R+3...B+2) => bang => read(R+3) => read(R+4) => * readahead(R+4...B+3) => bang => read(R+4) => read(R+5) => ...... * * It is going insane. Fix it by quickly scaling down the readahead size. */ static void shrink_readahead_size_eio(struct file_ra_state *ra) { ra->ra_pages /= 4; } /** * generic_file_buffered_read - generic file read routine * @iocb: the iocb to read * @iter: data destination * @written: already copied * * This is a generic file read routine, and uses the * mapping->a_ops->readpage() function for the actual low-level stuff. * * This is really ugly. But the goto's actually try to clarify some * of the logic when it comes to error handling etc. * * Return: * * total number of bytes copied, including those the were already @written * * negative error code if nothing was copied */ ssize_t generic_file_buffered_read(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter, ssize_t written) { struct file *filp = iocb->ki_filp; struct address_space *mapping = filp->f_mapping; struct inode *inode = mapping->host; struct file_ra_state *ra = &filp->f_ra; loff_t *ppos = &iocb->ki_pos; pgoff_t index; pgoff_t last_index; pgoff_t prev_index; unsigned long offset; /* offset into pagecache page */ unsigned int prev_offset; int error = 0; if (unlikely(*ppos >= inode->i_sb->s_maxbytes)) return 0; iov_iter_truncate(iter, inode->i_sb->s_maxbytes); index = *ppos >> PAGE_SHIFT; prev_index = ra->prev_pos >> PAGE_SHIFT; prev_offset = ra->prev_pos & (PAGE_SIZE-1); last_index = (*ppos + iter->count + PAGE_SIZE-1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; offset = *ppos & ~PAGE_MASK; /* * If we've already successfully copied some data, then we * can no longer safely return -EIOCBQUEUED. Hence mark * an async read NOWAIT at that point. */ if (written && (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_WAITQ)) iocb->ki_flags |= IOCB_NOWAIT; for (;;) { struct page *page; pgoff_t end_index; loff_t isize; unsigned long nr, ret; cond_resched(); find_page: if (fatal_signal_pending(current)) { error = -EINTR; goto out; } page = find_get_page(mapping, index); if (!page) { if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_NOIO) goto would_block; page_cache_sync_readahead(mapping, ra, filp, index, last_index - index); page = find_get_page(mapping, index); if (unlikely(page == NULL)) goto no_cached_page; } if (PageReadahead(page)) { if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_NOIO) { put_page(page); goto out; } page_cache_async_readahead(mapping, ra, filp, page, index, last_index - index); } if (!PageUptodate(page)) { /* * See comment in do_read_cache_page on why * wait_on_page_locked is used to avoid unnecessarily * serialisations and why it's safe. */ if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_WAITQ) { if (written) { put_page(page); goto out; } error = wait_on_page_locked_async(page, iocb->ki_waitq); } else { if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_NOWAIT) { put_page(page); goto would_block; } error = wait_on_page_locked_killable(page); } if (unlikely(error)) goto readpage_error; if (PageUptodate(page)) goto page_ok; if (inode->i_blkbits == PAGE_SHIFT || !mapping->a_ops->is_partially_uptodate) goto page_not_up_to_date; /* pipes can't handle partially uptodate pages */ if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(iter))) goto page_not_up_to_date; if (!trylock_page(page)) goto page_not_up_to_date; /* Did it get truncated before we got the lock? */ if (!page->mapping) goto page_not_up_to_date_locked; if (!mapping->a_ops->is_partially_uptodate(page, offset, iter->count)) goto page_not_up_to_date_locked; unlock_page(page); } page_ok: /* * i_size must be checked after we know the page is Uptodate. * * Checking i_size after the check allows us to calculate * the correct value for "nr", which means the zero-filled * part of the page is not copied back to userspace (unless * another truncate extends the file - this is desired though). */ isize = i_size_read(inode); end_index = (isize - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (unlikely(!isize || index > end_index)) { put_page(page); goto out; } /* nr is the maximum number of bytes to copy from this page */ nr = PAGE_SIZE; if (index == end_index) { nr = ((isize - 1) & ~PAGE_MASK) + 1; if (nr <= offset) { put_page(page); goto out; } } nr = nr - offset; /* If users can be writing to this page using arbitrary * virtual addresses, take care about potential aliasing * before reading the page on the kernel side. */ if (mapping_writably_mapped(mapping)) flush_dcache_page(page); /* * When a sequential read accesses a page several times, * only mark it as accessed the first time. */ if (prev_index != index || offset != prev_offset) mark_page_accessed(page); prev_index = index; /* * Ok, we have the page, and it's up-to-date, so * now we can copy it to user space... */ ret = copy_page_to_iter(page, offset, nr, iter); offset += ret; index += offset >> PAGE_SHIFT; offset &= ~PAGE_MASK; prev_offset = offset; put_page(page); written += ret; if (!iov_iter_count(iter)) goto out; if (ret < nr) { error = -EFAULT; goto out; } continue; page_not_up_to_date: /* Get exclusive access to the page ... */ if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_WAITQ) { if (written) { put_page(page); goto out; } error = lock_page_async(page, iocb->ki_waitq); } else { error = lock_page_killable(page); } if (unlikely(error)) goto readpage_error; page_not_up_to_date_locked: /* Did it get truncated before we got the lock? */ if (!page->mapping) { unlock_page(page); put_page(page); continue; } /* Did somebody else fill it already? */ if (PageUptodate(page)) { unlock_page(page); goto page_ok; } readpage: if (iocb->ki_flags & (IOCB_NOIO | IOCB_NOWAIT)) { unlock_page(page); put_page(page); goto would_block; } /* * A previous I/O error may have been due to temporary * failures, eg. multipath errors. * PG_error will be set again if readpage fails. */ ClearPageError(page); /* Start the actual read. The read will unlock the page. */ error = mapping->a_ops->readpage(filp, page); if (unlikely(error)) { if (error == AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE) { put_page(page); error = 0; goto find_page; } goto readpage_error; } if (!PageUptodate(page)) { if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_WAITQ) { if (written) { put_page(page); goto out; } error = lock_page_async(page, iocb->ki_waitq); } else { error = lock_page_killable(page); } if (unlikely(error)) goto readpage_error; if (!PageUptodate(page)) { if (page->mapping == NULL) { /* * invalidate_mapping_pages got it */ unlock_page(page); put_page(page); goto find_page; } unlock_page(page); shrink_readahead_size_eio(ra); error = -EIO; goto readpage_error; } unlock_page(page); } goto page_ok; readpage_error: /* UHHUH! A synchronous read error occurred. Report it */ put_page(page); goto out; no_cached_page: /* * Ok, it wasn't cached, so we need to create a new * page.. */ page = page_cache_alloc(mapping); if (!page) { error = -ENOMEM; goto out; } error = add_to_page_cache_lru(page, mapping, index, mapping_gfp_constraint(mapping, GFP_KERNEL)); if (error) { put_page(page); if (error == -EEXIST) { error = 0; goto find_page; } goto out; } goto readpage; } would_block: error = -EAGAIN; out: ra->prev_pos = prev_index; ra->prev_pos <<= PAGE_SHIFT; ra->prev_pos |= prev_offset; *ppos = ((loff_t)index << PAGE_SHIFT) + offset; file_accessed(filp); return written ? written : error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(generic_file_buffered_read); /** * generic_file_read_iter - generic filesystem read routine * @iocb: kernel I/O control block * @iter: destination for the data read * * This is the "read_iter()" routine for all filesystems * that can use the page cache directly. * * The IOCB_NOWAIT flag in iocb->ki_flags indicates that -EAGAIN shall * be returned when no data can be read without waiting for I/O requests * to complete; it doesn't prevent readahead. * * The IOCB_NOIO flag in iocb->ki_flags indicates that no new I/O * requests shall be made for the read or for readahead. When no data * can be read, -EAGAIN shall be returned. When readahead would be * triggered, a partial, possibly empty read shall be returned. * * Return: * * number of bytes copied, even for partial reads * * negative error code (or 0 if IOCB_NOIO) if nothing was read */ ssize_t generic_file_read_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter) { size_t count = iov_iter_count(iter); ssize_t retval = 0; if (!count) goto out; /* skip atime */ if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_DIRECT) { struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp; struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping; struct inode *inode = mapping->host; loff_t size; size = i_size_read(inode); if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_NOWAIT) { if (filemap_range_has_page(mapping, iocb->ki_pos, iocb->ki_pos + count - 1)) return -EAGAIN; } else { retval = filemap_write_and_wait_range(mapping, iocb->ki_pos, iocb->ki_pos + count - 1); if (retval < 0) goto out; } file_accessed(file); retval = mapping->a_ops->direct_IO(iocb, iter); if (retval >= 0) { iocb->ki_pos += retval; count -= retval; } iov_iter_revert(iter, count - iov_iter_count(iter)); /* * Btrfs can have a short DIO read if we encounter * compressed extents, so if there was an error, or if * we've already read everything we wanted to, or if * there was a short read because we hit EOF, go ahead * and return. Otherwise fallthrough to buffered io for * the rest of the read. Buffered reads will not work for * DAX files, so don't bother trying. */ if (retval < 0 || !count || iocb->ki_pos >= size || IS_DAX(inode)) goto out; } retval = generic_file_buffered_read(iocb, iter, retval); out: return retval; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_file_read_iter); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU #define MMAP_LOTSAMISS (100) /* * lock_page_maybe_drop_mmap - lock the page, possibly dropping the mmap_lock * @vmf - the vm_fault for this fault. * @page - the page to lock. * @fpin - the pointer to the file we may pin (or is already pinned). * * This works similar to lock_page_or_retry in that it can drop the mmap_lock. * It differs in that it actually returns the page locked if it returns 1 and 0 * if it couldn't lock the page. If we did have to drop the mmap_lock then fpin * will point to the pinned file and needs to be fput()'ed at a later point. */ static int lock_page_maybe_drop_mmap(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page, struct file **fpin) { if (trylock_page(page)) return 1; /* * NOTE! This will make us return with VM_FAULT_RETRY, but with * the mmap_lock still held. That's how FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT * is supposed to work. We have way too many special cases.. */ if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT) return 0; *fpin = maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(vmf, *fpin); if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE) { if (__lock_page_killable(page)) { /* * We didn't have the right flags to drop the mmap_lock, * but all fault_handlers only check for fatal signals * if we return VM_FAULT_RETRY, so we need to drop the * mmap_lock here and return 0 if we don't have a fpin. */ if (*fpin == NULL) mmap_read_unlock(vmf->vma->vm_mm); return 0; } } else __lock_page(page); return 1; } /* * Synchronous readahead happens when we don't even find a page in the page * cache at all. We don't want to perform IO under the mmap sem, so if we have * to drop the mmap sem we return the file that was pinned in order for us to do * that. If we didn't pin a file then we return NULL. The file that is * returned needs to be fput()'ed when we're done with it. */ static struct file *do_sync_mmap_readahead(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct file *file = vmf->vma->vm_file; struct file_ra_state *ra = &file->f_ra; struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping; DEFINE_READAHEAD(ractl, file, mapping, vmf->pgoff); struct file *fpin = NULL; unsigned int mmap_miss; /* If we don't want any read-ahead, don't bother */ if (vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_RAND_READ) return fpin; if (!ra->ra_pages) return fpin; if (vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SEQ_READ) { fpin = maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(vmf, fpin); page_cache_sync_ra(&ractl, ra, ra->ra_pages); return fpin; } /* Avoid banging the cache line if not needed */ mmap_miss = READ_ONCE(ra->mmap_miss); if (mmap_miss < MMAP_LOTSAMISS * 10) WRITE_ONCE(ra->mmap_miss, ++mmap_miss); /* * Do we miss much more than hit in this file? If so, * stop bothering with read-ahead. It will only hurt. */ if (mmap_miss > MMAP_LOTSAMISS) return fpin; /* * mmap read-around */ fpin = maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(vmf, fpin); ra->start = max_t(long, 0, vmf->pgoff - ra->ra_pages / 2); ra->size = ra->ra_pages; ra->async_size = ra->ra_pages / 4; ractl._index = ra->start; do_page_cache_ra(&ractl, ra->size, ra->async_size); return fpin; } /* * Asynchronous readahead happens when we find the page and PG_readahead, * so we want to possibly extend the readahead further. We return the file that * was pinned if we have to drop the mmap_lock in order to do IO. */ static struct file *do_async_mmap_readahead(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { struct file *file = vmf->vma->vm_file; struct file_ra_state *ra = &file->f_ra; struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping; struct file *fpin = NULL; unsigned int mmap_miss; pgoff_t offset = vmf->pgoff; /* If we don't want any read-ahead, don't bother */ if (vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_RAND_READ || !ra->ra_pages) return fpin; mmap_miss = READ_ONCE(ra->mmap_miss); if (mmap_miss) WRITE_ONCE(ra->mmap_miss, --mmap_miss); if (PageReadahead(page)) { fpin = maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(vmf, fpin); page_cache_async_readahead(mapping, ra, file, page, offset, ra->ra_pages); } return fpin; } /** * filemap_fault - read in file data for page fault handling * @vmf: struct vm_fault containing details of the fault * * filemap_fault() is invoked via the vma operations vector for a * mapped memory region to read in file data during a page fault. * * The goto's are kind of ugly, but this streamlines the normal case of having * it in the page cache, and handles the special cases reasonably without * having a lot of duplicated code. * * vma->vm_mm->mmap_lock must be held on entry. * * If our return value has VM_FAULT_RETRY set, it's because the mmap_lock * may be dropped before doing I/O or by lock_page_maybe_drop_mmap(). * * If our return value does not have VM_FAULT_RETRY set, the mmap_lock * has not been released. * * We never return with VM_FAULT_RETRY and a bit from VM_FAULT_ERROR set. * * Return: bitwise-OR of %VM_FAULT_ codes. */ vm_fault_t filemap_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { int error; struct file *file = vmf->vma->vm_file; struct file *fpin = NULL; struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping; struct file_ra_state *ra = &file->f_ra; struct inode *inode = mapping->host; pgoff_t offset = vmf->pgoff; pgoff_t max_off; struct page *page; vm_fault_t ret = 0; max_off = DIV_ROUND_UP(i_size_read(inode), PAGE_SIZE); if (unlikely(offset >= max_off)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; /* * Do we have something in the page cache already? */ page = find_get_page(mapping, offset); if (likely(page) && !(vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED)) { /* * We found the page, so try async readahead before * waiting for the lock. */ fpin = do_async_mmap_readahead(vmf, page); } else if (!page) { /* No page in the page cache at all */ count_vm_event(PGMAJFAULT); count_memcg_event_mm(vmf->vma->vm_mm, PGMAJFAULT); ret = VM_FAULT_MAJOR; fpin = do_sync_mmap_readahead(vmf); retry_find: page = pagecache_get_page(mapping, offset, FGP_CREAT|FGP_FOR_MMAP, vmf->gfp_mask); if (!page) { if (fpin) goto out_retry; return VM_FAULT_OOM; } } if (!lock_page_maybe_drop_mmap(vmf, page, &fpin)) goto out_retry; /* Did it get truncated? */ if (unlikely(compound_head(page)->mapping != mapping)) { unlock_page(page); put_page(page); goto retry_find; } VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_to_pgoff(page) != offset, page); /* * We have a locked page in the page cache, now we need to check * that it's up-to-date. If not, it is going to be due to an error. */ if (unlikely(!PageUptodate(page))) goto page_not_uptodate; /* * We've made it this far and we had to drop our mmap_lock, now is the * time to return to the upper layer and have it re-find the vma and * redo the fault. */ if (fpin) { unlock_page(page); goto out_retry; } /* * Found the page and have a reference on it. * We must recheck i_size under page lock. */ max_off = DIV_ROUND_UP(i_size_read(inode), PAGE_SIZE); if (unlikely(offset >= max_off)) { unlock_page(page); put_page(page); return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } vmf->page = page; return ret | VM_FAULT_LOCKED; page_not_uptodate: /* * Umm, take care of errors if the page isn't up-to-date. * Try to re-read it _once_. We do this synchronously, * because there really aren't any performance issues here * and we need to check for errors. */ ClearPageError(page); fpin = maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(vmf, fpin); error = mapping->a_ops->readpage(file, page); if (!error) { wait_on_page_locked(page); if (!PageUptodate(page)) error = -EIO; } if (fpin) goto out_retry; put_page(page); if (!error || error == AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE) goto retry_find; shrink_readahead_size_eio(ra); return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; out_retry: /* * We dropped the mmap_lock, we need to return to the fault handler to * re-find the vma and come back and find our hopefully still populated * page. */ if (page) put_page(page); if (fpin) fput(fpin); return ret | VM_FAULT_RETRY; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_fault); void filemap_map_pages(struct vm_fault *vmf, pgoff_t start_pgoff, pgoff_t end_pgoff) { struct file *file = vmf->vma->vm_file; struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping; pgoff_t last_pgoff = start_pgoff; unsigned long max_idx; XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, start_pgoff); struct page *head, *page; unsigned int mmap_miss = READ_ONCE(file->f_ra.mmap_miss); rcu_read_lock(); xas_for_each(&xas, head, end_pgoff) { if (xas_retry(&xas, head)) continue; if (xa_is_value(head)) goto next; /* * Check for a locked page first, as a speculative * reference may adversely influence page migration. */ if (PageLocked(head)) goto next; if (!page_cache_get_speculative(head)) goto next; /* Has the page moved or been split? */ if (unlikely(head != xas_reload(&xas))) goto skip; page = find_subpage(head, xas.xa_index); if (!PageUptodate(head) || PageReadahead(page) || PageHWPoison(page)) goto skip; if (!trylock_page(head)) goto skip; if (head->mapping != mapping || !PageUptodate(head)) goto unlock; max_idx = DIV_ROUND_UP(i_size_read(mapping->host), PAGE_SIZE); if (xas.xa_index >= max_idx) goto unlock; if (mmap_miss > 0) mmap_miss--; vmf->address += (xas.xa_index - last_pgoff) << PAGE_SHIFT; if (vmf->pte) vmf->pte += xas.xa_index - last_pgoff; last_pgoff = xas.xa_index; if (alloc_set_pte(vmf, page)) goto unlock; unlock_page(head); goto next; unlock: unlock_page(head); skip: put_page(head); next: /* Huge page is mapped? No need to proceed. */ if (pmd_trans_huge(*vmf->pmd)) break; } rcu_read_unlock(); WRITE_ONCE(file->f_ra.mmap_miss, mmap_miss); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_map_pages); vm_fault_t filemap_page_mkwrite(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct page *page = vmf->page; struct inode *inode = file_inode(vmf->vma->vm_file); vm_fault_t ret = VM_FAULT_LOCKED; sb_start_pagefault(inode->i_sb); file_update_time(vmf->vma->vm_file); lock_page(page); if (page->mapping != inode->i_mapping) { unlock_page(page); ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; goto out; } /* * We mark the page dirty already here so that when freeze is in * progress, we are guaranteed that writeback during freezing will * see the dirty page and writeprotect it again. */ set_page_dirty(page); wait_for_stable_page(page); out: sb_end_pagefault(inode->i_sb); return ret; } const struct vm_operations_struct generic_file_vm_ops = { .fault = filemap_fault, .map_pages = filemap_map_pages, .page_mkwrite = filemap_page_mkwrite, }; /* This is used for a general mmap of a disk file */ int generic_file_mmap(struct file * file, struct vm_area_struct * vma) { struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping; if (!mapping->a_ops->readpage) return -ENOEXEC; file_accessed(file); vma->vm_ops = &generic_file_vm_ops; return 0; } /* * This is for filesystems which do not implement ->writepage. */ int generic_file_readonly_mmap(struct file *file, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if ((vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) && (vma->vm_flags & VM_MAYWRITE)) return -EINVAL; return generic_file_mmap(file, vma); } #else vm_fault_t filemap_page_mkwrite(struct vm_fault *vmf) { return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } int generic_file_mmap(struct file * file, struct vm_area_struct * vma) { return -ENOSYS; } int generic_file_readonly_mmap(struct file * file, struct vm_area_struct * vma) { return -ENOSYS; } #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_page_mkwrite); EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_file_mmap); EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_file_readonly_mmap); static struct page *wait_on_page_read(struct page *page) { if (!IS_ERR(page)) { wait_on_page_locked(page); if (!PageUptodate(page)) { put_page(page); page = ERR_PTR(-EIO); } } return page; } static struct page *do_read_cache_page(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, int (*filler)(void *, struct page *), void *data, gfp_t gfp) { struct page *page; int err; repeat: page = find_get_page(mapping, index); if (!page) { page = __page_cache_alloc(gfp); if (!page) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); err = add_to_page_cache_lru(page, mapping, index, gfp); if (unlikely(err)) { put_page(page); if (err == -EEXIST) goto repeat; /* Presumably ENOMEM for xarray node */ return ERR_PTR(err); } filler: if (filler) err = filler(data, page); else err = mapping->a_ops->readpage(data, page); if (err < 0) { put_page(page); return ERR_PTR(err); } page = wait_on_page_read(page); if (IS_ERR(page)) return page; goto out; } if (PageUptodate(page)) goto out; /* * Page is not up to date and may be locked due to one of the following * case a: Page is being filled and the page lock is held * case b: Read/write error clearing the page uptodate status * case c: Truncation in progress (page locked) * case d: Reclaim in progress * * Case a, the page will be up to date when the page is unlocked. * There is no need to serialise on the page lock here as the page * is pinned so the lock gives no additional protection. Even if the * page is truncated, the data is still valid if PageUptodate as * it's a race vs truncate race. * Case b, the page will not be up to date * Case c, the page may be truncated but in itself, the data may still * be valid after IO completes as it's a read vs truncate race. The * operation must restart if the page is not uptodate on unlock but * otherwise serialising on page lock to stabilise the mapping gives * no additional guarantees to the caller as the page lock is * released before return. * Case d, similar to truncation. If reclaim holds the page lock, it * will be a race with remove_mapping that determines if the mapping * is valid on unlock but otherwise the data is valid and there is * no need to serialise with page lock. * * As the page lock gives no additional guarantee, we optimistically * wait on the page to be unlocked and check if it's up to date and * use the page if it is. Otherwise, the page lock is required to * distinguish between the different cases. The motivation is that we * avoid spurious serialisations and wakeups when multiple processes * wait on the same page for IO to complete. */ wait_on_page_locked(page); if (PageUptodate(page)) goto out; /* Distinguish between all the cases under the safety of the lock */ lock_page(page); /* Case c or d, restart the operation */ if (!page->mapping) { unlock_page(page); put_page(page); goto repeat; } /* Someone else locked and filled the page in a very small window */ if (PageUptodate(page)) { unlock_page(page); goto out; } /* * A previous I/O error may have been due to temporary * failures. * Clear page error before actual read, PG_error will be * set again if read page fails. */ ClearPageError(page); goto filler; out: mark_page_accessed(page); return page; } /** * read_cache_page - read into page cache, fill it if needed * @mapping: the page's address_space * @index: the page index * @filler: function to perform the read * @data: first arg to filler(data, page) function, often left as NULL * * Read into the page cache. If a page already exists, and PageUptodate() is * not set, try to fill the page and wait for it to become unlocked. * * If the page does not get brought uptodate, return -EIO. * * Return: up to date page on success, ERR_PTR() on failure. */ struct page *read_cache_page(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, int (*filler)(void *, struct page *), void *data) { return do_read_cache_page(mapping, index, filler, data, mapping_gfp_mask(mapping)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(read_cache_page); /** * read_cache_page_gfp - read into page cache, using specified page allocation flags. * @mapping: the page's address_space * @index: the page index * @gfp: the page allocator flags to use if allocating * * This is the same as "read_mapping_page(mapping, index, NULL)", but with * any new page allocations done using the specified allocation flags. * * If the page does not get brought uptodate, return -EIO. * * Return: up to date page on success, ERR_PTR() on failure. */ struct page *read_cache_page_gfp(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, gfp_t gfp) { return do_read_cache_page(mapping, index, NULL, NULL, gfp); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(read_cache_page_gfp); int pagecache_write_begin(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, void **fsdata) { const struct address_space_operations *aops = mapping->a_ops; return aops->write_begin(file, mapping, pos, len, flags, pagep, fsdata); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(pagecache_write_begin); int pagecache_write_end(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page, void *fsdata) { const struct address_space_operations *aops = mapping->a_ops; return aops->write_end(file, mapping, pos, len, copied, page, fsdata); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(pagecache_write_end); /* * Warn about a page cache invalidation failure during a direct I/O write. */ void dio_warn_stale_pagecache(struct file *filp) { static DEFINE_RATELIMIT_STATE(_rs, 86400 * HZ, DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_BURST); char pathname[128]; struct inode *inode = file_inode(filp); char *path; errseq_set(&inode->i_mapping->wb_err, -EIO); if (__ratelimit(&_rs)) { path = file_path(filp, pathname, sizeof(pathname)); if (IS_ERR(path)) path = "(unknown)"; pr_crit("Page cache invalidation failure on direct I/O. Possible data corruption due to collision with buffered I/O!\n"); pr_crit("File: %s PID: %d Comm: %.20s\n", path, current->pid, current->comm); } } ssize_t generic_file_direct_write(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from) { struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp; struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping; struct inode *inode = mapping->host; loff_t pos = iocb->ki_pos; ssize_t written; size_t write_len; pgoff_t end; write_len = iov_iter_count(from); end = (pos + write_len - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_NOWAIT) { /* If there are pages to writeback, return */ if (filemap_range_has_page(inode->i_mapping, pos, pos + write_len - 1)) return -EAGAIN; } else { written = filemap_write_and_wait_range(mapping, pos, pos + write_len - 1); if (written) goto out; } /* * After a write we want buffered reads to be sure to go to disk to get * the new data. We invalidate clean cached page from the region we're * about to write. We do this *before* the write so that we can return * without clobbering -EIOCBQUEUED from ->direct_IO(). */ written = invalidate_inode_pages2_range(mapping, pos >> PAGE_SHIFT, end); /* * If a page can not be invalidated, return 0 to fall back * to buffered write. */ if (written) { if (written == -EBUSY) return 0; goto out; } written = mapping->a_ops->direct_IO(iocb, from); /* * Finally, try again to invalidate clean pages which might have been * cached by non-direct readahead, or faulted in by get_user_pages() * if the source of the write was an mmap'ed region of the file * we're writing. Either one is a pretty crazy thing to do, * so we don't support it 100%. If this invalidation * fails, tough, the write still worked... * * Most of the time we do not need this since dio_complete() will do * the invalidation for us. However there are some file systems that * do not end up with dio_complete() being called, so let's not break * them by removing it completely. * * Noticeable example is a blkdev_direct_IO(). * * Skip invalidation for async writes or if mapping has no pages. */ if (written > 0 && mapping->nrpages && invalidate_inode_pages2_range(mapping, pos >> PAGE_SHIFT, end)) dio_warn_stale_pagecache(file); if (written > 0) { pos += written; write_len -= written; if (pos > i_size_read(inode) && !S_ISBLK(inode->i_mode)) { i_size_write(inode, pos); mark_inode_dirty(inode); } iocb->ki_pos = pos; } iov_iter_revert(from, write_len - iov_iter_count(from)); out: return written; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_file_direct_write); /* * Find or create a page at the given pagecache position. Return the locked * page. This function is specifically for buffered writes. */ struct page *grab_cache_page_write_begin(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, unsigned flags) { struct page *page; int fgp_flags = FGP_LOCK|FGP_WRITE|FGP_CREAT; if (flags & AOP_FLAG_NOFS) fgp_flags |= FGP_NOFS; page = pagecache_get_page(mapping, index, fgp_flags, mapping_gfp_mask(mapping)); if (page) wait_for_stable_page(page); return page; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(grab_cache_page_write_begin); ssize_t generic_perform_write(struct file *file, struct iov_iter *i, loff_t pos) { struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping; const struct address_space_operations *a_ops = mapping->a_ops; long status = 0; ssize_t written = 0; unsigned int flags = 0; do { struct page *page; unsigned long offset; /* Offset into pagecache page */ unsigned long bytes; /* Bytes to write to page */ size_t copied; /* Bytes copied from user */ void *fsdata; offset = (pos & (PAGE_SIZE - 1)); bytes = min_t(unsigned long, PAGE_SIZE - offset, iov_iter_count(i)); again: /* * Bring in the user page that we will copy from _first_. * Otherwise there's a nasty deadlock on copying from the * same page as we're writing to, without it being marked * up-to-date. * * Not only is this an optimisation, but it is also required * to check that the address is actually valid, when atomic * usercopies are used, below. */ if (unlikely(iov_iter_fault_in_readable(i, bytes))) { status = -EFAULT; break; } if (fatal_signal_pending(current)) { status = -EINTR; break; } status = a_ops->write_begin(file, mapping, pos, bytes, flags, &page, &fsdata); if (unlikely(status < 0)) break; if (mapping_writably_mapped(mapping)) flush_dcache_page(page); copied = iov_iter_copy_from_user_atomic(page, i, offset, bytes); flush_dcache_page(page); status = a_ops->write_end(file, mapping, pos, bytes, copied, page, fsdata); if (unlikely(status < 0)) break; copied = status; cond_resched(); iov_iter_advance(i, copied); if (unlikely(copied == 0)) { /* * If we were unable to copy any data at all, we must * fall back to a single segment length write. * * If we didn't fallback here, we could livelock * because not all segments in the iov can be copied at * once without a pagefault. */ bytes = min_t(unsigned long, PAGE_SIZE - offset, iov_iter_single_seg_count(i)); goto again; } pos += copied; written += copied; balance_dirty_pages_ratelimited(mapping); } while (iov_iter_count(i)); return written ? written : status; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_perform_write); /** * __generic_file_write_iter - write data to a file * @iocb: IO state structure (file, offset, etc.) * @from: iov_iter with data to write * * This function does all the work needed for actually writing data to a * file. It does all basic checks, removes SUID from the file, updates * modification times and calls proper subroutines depending on whether we * do direct IO or a standard buffered write. * * It expects i_mutex to be grabbed unless we work on a block device or similar * object which does not need locking at all. * * This function does *not* take care of syncing data in case of O_SYNC write. * A caller has to handle it. This is mainly due to the fact that we want to * avoid syncing under i_mutex. * * Return: * * number of bytes written, even for truncated writes * * negative error code if no data has been written at all */ ssize_t __generic_file_write_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from) { struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp; struct address_space * mapping = file->f_mapping; struct inode *inode = mapping->host; ssize_t written = 0; ssize_t err; ssize_t status; /* We can write back this queue in page reclaim */ current->backing_dev_info = inode_to_bdi(inode); err = file_remove_privs(file); if (err) goto out; err = file_update_time(file); if (err) goto out; if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_DIRECT) { loff_t pos, endbyte; written = generic_file_direct_write(iocb, from); /* * If the write stopped short of completing, fall back to * buffered writes. Some filesystems do this for writes to * holes, for example. For DAX files, a buffered write will * not succeed (even if it did, DAX does not handle dirty * page-cache pages correctly). */ if (written < 0 || !iov_iter_count(from) || IS_DAX(inode)) goto out; status = generic_perform_write(file, from, pos = iocb->ki_pos); /* * If generic_perform_write() returned a synchronous error * then we want to return the number of bytes which were * direct-written, or the error code if that was zero. Note * that this differs from normal direct-io semantics, which * will return -EFOO even if some bytes were written. */ if (unlikely(status < 0)) { err = status; goto out; } /* * We need to ensure that the page cache pages are written to * disk and invalidated to preserve the expected O_DIRECT * semantics. */ endbyte = pos + status - 1; err = filemap_write_and_wait_range(mapping, pos, endbyte); if (err == 0) { iocb->ki_pos = endbyte + 1; written += status; invalidate_mapping_pages(mapping, pos >> PAGE_SHIFT, endbyte >> PAGE_SHIFT); } else { /* * We don't know how much we wrote, so just return * the number of bytes which were direct-written */ } } else { written = generic_perform_write(file, from, iocb->ki_pos); if (likely(written > 0)) iocb->ki_pos += written; } out: current->backing_dev_info = NULL; return written ? written : err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__generic_file_write_iter); /** * generic_file_write_iter - write data to a file * @iocb: IO state structure * @from: iov_iter with data to write * * This is a wrapper around __generic_file_write_iter() to be used by most * filesystems. It takes care of syncing the file in case of O_SYNC file * and acquires i_mutex as needed. * Return: * * negative error code if no data has been written at all of * vfs_fsync_range() failed for a synchronous write * * number of bytes written, even for truncated writes */ ssize_t generic_file_write_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from) { struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp; struct inode *inode = file->f_mapping->host; ssize_t ret; inode_lock(inode); ret = generic_write_checks(iocb, from); if (ret > 0) ret = __generic_file_write_iter(iocb, from); inode_unlock(inode); if (ret > 0) ret = generic_write_sync(iocb, ret); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_file_write_iter); /** * try_to_release_page() - release old fs-specific metadata on a page * * @page: the page which the kernel is trying to free * @gfp_mask: memory allocation flags (and I/O mode) * * The address_space is to try to release any data against the page * (presumably at page->private). * * This may also be called if PG_fscache is set on a page, indicating that the * page is known to the local caching routines. * * The @gfp_mask argument specifies whether I/O may be performed to release * this page (__GFP_IO), and whether the call may block (__GFP_RECLAIM & __GFP_FS). * * Return: %1 if the release was successful, otherwise return zero. */ int try_to_release_page(struct page *page, gfp_t gfp_mask) { struct address_space * const mapping = page->mapping; BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page)); if (PageWriteback(page)) return 0; if (mapping && mapping->a_ops->releasepage) return mapping->a_ops->releasepage(page, gfp_mask); return try_to_free_buffers(page); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(try_to_release_page);
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3421 3422 3423 3424 3425 3426 3427 3428 3429 3430 3431 3432 3433 3434 3435 3436 3437 3438 3439 3440 3441 3442 3443 3444 3445 3446 3447 3448 3449 3450 3451 3452 3453 3454 3455 3456 3457 3458 3459 3460 3461 3462 3463 3464 3465 3466 3467 3468 3469 3470 3471 3472 3473 3474 3475 3476 3477 3478 3479 3480 3481 3482 3483 3484 3485 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_FS_H #define _LINUX_FS_H #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/wait_bit.h> #include <linux/kdev_t.h> #include <linux/dcache.h> #include <linux/path.h> #include <linux/stat.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/list_lru.h> #include <linux/llist.h> #include <linux/radix-tree.h> #include <linux/xarray.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/pid.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/semaphore.h> #include <linux/fcntl.h> #include <linux/rculist_bl.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/shrinker.h> #include <linux/migrate_mode.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <linux/percpu-rwsem.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/delayed_call.h> #include <linux/uuid.h> #include <linux/errseq.h> #include <linux/ioprio.h> #include <linux/fs_types.h> #include <linux/build_bug.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <asm/byteorder.h> #include <uapi/linux/fs.h> struct backing_dev_info; struct bdi_writeback; struct bio; struct export_operations; struct fiemap_extent_info; struct hd_geometry; struct iovec; struct kiocb; struct kobject; struct pipe_inode_info; struct poll_table_struct; struct kstatfs; struct vm_area_struct; struct vfsmount; struct cred; struct swap_info_struct; struct seq_file; struct workqueue_struct; struct iov_iter; struct fscrypt_info; struct fscrypt_operations; struct fsverity_info; struct fsverity_operations; struct fs_context; struct fs_parameter_spec; extern void __init inode_init(void); extern void __init inode_init_early(void); extern void __init files_init(void); extern void __init files_maxfiles_init(void); extern struct files_stat_struct files_stat; extern unsigned long get_max_files(void); extern unsigned int sysctl_nr_open; extern struct inodes_stat_t inodes_stat; extern int leases_enable, lease_break_time; extern int sysctl_protected_symlinks; extern int sysctl_protected_hardlinks; extern int sysctl_protected_fifos; extern int sysctl_protected_regular; typedef __kernel_rwf_t rwf_t; struct buffer_head; typedef int (get_block_t)(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock, struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create); typedef int (dio_iodone_t)(struct kiocb *iocb, loff_t offset, ssize_t bytes, void *private); #define MAY_EXEC 0x00000001 #define MAY_WRITE 0x00000002 #define MAY_READ 0x00000004 #define MAY_APPEND 0x00000008 #define MAY_ACCESS 0x00000010 #define MAY_OPEN 0x00000020 #define MAY_CHDIR 0x00000040 /* called from RCU mode, don't block */ #define MAY_NOT_BLOCK 0x00000080 /* * flags in file.f_mode. Note that FMODE_READ and FMODE_WRITE must correspond * to O_WRONLY and O_RDWR via the strange trick in do_dentry_open() */ /* file is open for reading */ #define FMODE_READ ((__force fmode_t)0x1) /* file is open for writing */ #define FMODE_WRITE ((__force fmode_t)0x2) /* file is seekable */ #define FMODE_LSEEK ((__force fmode_t)0x4) /* file can be accessed using pread */ #define FMODE_PREAD ((__force fmode_t)0x8) /* file can be accessed using pwrite */ #define FMODE_PWRITE ((__force fmode_t)0x10) /* File is opened for execution with sys_execve / sys_uselib */ #define FMODE_EXEC ((__force fmode_t)0x20) /* File is opened with O_NDELAY (only set for block devices) */ #define FMODE_NDELAY ((__force fmode_t)0x40) /* File is opened with O_EXCL (only set for block devices) */ #define FMODE_EXCL ((__force fmode_t)0x80) /* File is opened using open(.., 3, ..) and is writeable only for ioctls (specialy hack for floppy.c) */ #define FMODE_WRITE_IOCTL ((__force fmode_t)0x100) /* 32bit hashes as llseek() offset (for directories) */ #define FMODE_32BITHASH ((__force fmode_t)0x200) /* 64bit hashes as llseek() offset (for directories) */ #define FMODE_64BITHASH ((__force fmode_t)0x400) /* * Don't update ctime and mtime. * * Currently a special hack for the XFS open_by_handle ioctl, but we'll * hopefully graduate it to a proper O_CMTIME flag supported by open(2) soon. */ #define FMODE_NOCMTIME ((__force fmode_t)0x800) /* Expect random access pattern */ #define FMODE_RANDOM ((__force fmode_t)0x1000) /* File is huge (eg. /dev/kmem): treat loff_t as unsigned */ #define FMODE_UNSIGNED_OFFSET ((__force fmode_t)0x2000) /* File is opened with O_PATH; almost nothing can be done with it */ #define FMODE_PATH ((__force fmode_t)0x4000) /* File needs atomic accesses to f_pos */ #define FMODE_ATOMIC_POS ((__force fmode_t)0x8000) /* Write access to underlying fs */ #define FMODE_WRITER ((__force fmode_t)0x10000) /* Has read method(s) */ #define FMODE_CAN_READ ((__force fmode_t)0x20000) /* Has write method(s) */ #define FMODE_CAN_WRITE ((__force fmode_t)0x40000) #define FMODE_OPENED ((__force fmode_t)0x80000) #define FMODE_CREATED ((__force fmode_t)0x100000) /* File is stream-like */ #define FMODE_STREAM ((__force fmode_t)0x200000) /* File was opened by fanotify and shouldn't generate fanotify events */ #define FMODE_NONOTIFY ((__force fmode_t)0x4000000) /* File is capable of returning -EAGAIN if I/O will block */ #define FMODE_NOWAIT ((__force fmode_t)0x8000000) /* File represents mount that needs unmounting */ #define FMODE_NEED_UNMOUNT ((__force fmode_t)0x10000000) /* File does not contribute to nr_files count */ #define FMODE_NOACCOUNT ((__force fmode_t)0x20000000) /* File supports async buffered reads */ #define FMODE_BUF_RASYNC ((__force fmode_t)0x40000000) /* * Attribute flags. These should be or-ed together to figure out what * has been changed! */ #define ATTR_MODE (1 << 0) #define ATTR_UID (1 << 1) #define ATTR_GID (1 << 2) #define ATTR_SIZE (1 << 3) #define ATTR_ATIME (1 << 4) #define ATTR_MTIME (1 << 5) #define ATTR_CTIME (1 << 6) #define ATTR_ATIME_SET (1 << 7) #define ATTR_MTIME_SET (1 << 8) #define ATTR_FORCE (1 << 9) /* Not a change, but a change it */ #define ATTR_KILL_SUID (1 << 11) #define ATTR_KILL_SGID (1 << 12) #define ATTR_FILE (1 << 13) #define ATTR_KILL_PRIV (1 << 14) #define ATTR_OPEN (1 << 15) /* Truncating from open(O_TRUNC) */ #define ATTR_TIMES_SET (1 << 16) #define ATTR_TOUCH (1 << 17) /* * Whiteout is represented by a char device. The following constants define the * mode and device number to use. */ #define WHITEOUT_MODE 0 #define WHITEOUT_DEV 0 /* * This is the Inode Attributes structure, used for notify_change(). It * uses the above definitions as flags, to know which values have changed. * Also, in this manner, a Filesystem can look at only the values it cares * about. Basically, these are the attributes that the VFS layer can * request to change from the FS layer. * * Derek Atkins <warlord@MIT.EDU> 94-10-20 */ struct iattr { unsigned int ia_valid; umode_t ia_mode; kuid_t ia_uid; kgid_t ia_gid; loff_t ia_size; struct timespec64 ia_atime; struct timespec64 ia_mtime; struct timespec64 ia_ctime; /* * Not an attribute, but an auxiliary info for filesystems wanting to * implement an ftruncate() like method. NOTE: filesystem should * check for (ia_valid & ATTR_FILE), and not for (ia_file != NULL). */ struct file *ia_file; }; /* * Includes for diskquotas. */ #include <linux/quota.h> /* * Maximum number of layers of fs stack. Needs to be limited to * prevent kernel stack overflow */ #define FILESYSTEM_MAX_STACK_DEPTH 2 /** * enum positive_aop_returns - aop return codes with specific semantics * * @AOP_WRITEPAGE_ACTIVATE: Informs the caller that page writeback has * completed, that the page is still locked, and * should be considered active. The VM uses this hint * to return the page to the active list -- it won't * be a candidate for writeback again in the near * future. Other callers must be careful to unlock * the page if they get this return. Returned by * writepage(); * * @AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE: The AOP method that was handed a locked page has * unlocked it and the page might have been truncated. * The caller should back up to acquiring a new page and * trying again. The aop will be taking reasonable * precautions not to livelock. If the caller held a page * reference, it should drop it before retrying. Returned * by readpage(). * * address_space_operation functions return these large constants to indicate * special semantics to the caller. These are much larger than the bytes in a * page to allow for functions that return the number of bytes operated on in a * given page. */ enum positive_aop_returns { AOP_WRITEPAGE_ACTIVATE = 0x80000, AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE = 0x80001, }; #define AOP_FLAG_CONT_EXPAND 0x0001 /* called from cont_expand */ #define AOP_FLAG_NOFS 0x0002 /* used by filesystem to direct * helper code (eg buffer layer) * to clear GFP_FS from alloc */ /* * oh the beauties of C type declarations. */ struct page; struct address_space; struct writeback_control; struct readahead_control; /* * Write life time hint values. * Stored in struct inode as u8. */ enum rw_hint { WRITE_LIFE_NOT_SET = 0, WRITE_LIFE_NONE = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_NONE, WRITE_LIFE_SHORT = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_SHORT, WRITE_LIFE_MEDIUM = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_MEDIUM, WRITE_LIFE_LONG = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_LONG, WRITE_LIFE_EXTREME = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_EXTREME, }; /* Match RWF_* bits to IOCB bits */ #define IOCB_HIPRI (__force int) RWF_HIPRI #define IOCB_DSYNC (__force int) RWF_DSYNC #define IOCB_SYNC (__force int) RWF_SYNC #define IOCB_NOWAIT (__force int) RWF_NOWAIT #define IOCB_APPEND (__force int) RWF_APPEND /* non-RWF related bits - start at 16 */ #define IOCB_EVENTFD (1 << 16) #define IOCB_DIRECT (1 << 17) #define IOCB_WRITE (1 << 18) /* iocb->ki_waitq is valid */ #define IOCB_WAITQ (1 << 19) #define IOCB_NOIO (1 << 20) struct kiocb { struct file *ki_filp; /* The 'ki_filp' pointer is shared in a union for aio */ randomized_struct_fields_start loff_t ki_pos; void (*ki_complete)(struct kiocb *iocb, long ret, long ret2); void *private; int ki_flags; u16 ki_hint; u16 ki_ioprio; /* See linux/ioprio.h */ union { unsigned int ki_cookie; /* for ->iopoll */ struct wait_page_queue *ki_waitq; /* for async buffered IO */ }; randomized_struct_fields_end }; static inline bool is_sync_kiocb(struct kiocb *kiocb) { return kiocb->ki_complete == NULL; } /* * "descriptor" for what we're up to with a read. * This allows us to use the same read code yet * have multiple different users of the data that * we read from a file. * * The simplest case just copies the data to user * mode. */ typedef struct { size_t written; size_t count; union { char __user *buf; void *data; } arg; int error; } read_descriptor_t; typedef int (*read_actor_t)(read_descriptor_t *, struct page *, unsigned long, unsigned long); struct address_space_operations { int (*writepage)(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc); int (*readpage)(struct file *, struct page *); /* Write back some dirty pages from this mapping. */ int (*writepages)(struct address_space *, struct writeback_control *); /* Set a page dirty. Return true if this dirtied it */ int (*set_page_dirty)(struct page *page); /* * Reads in the requested pages. Unlike ->readpage(), this is * PURELY used for read-ahead!. */ int (*readpages)(struct file *filp, struct address_space *mapping, struct list_head *pages, unsigned nr_pages); void (*readahead)(struct readahead_control *); int (*write_begin)(struct file *, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, void **fsdata); int (*write_end)(struct file *, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page, void *fsdata); /* Unfortunately this kludge is needed for FIBMAP. Don't use it */ sector_t (*bmap)(struct address_space *, sector_t); void (*invalidatepage) (struct page *, unsigned int, unsigned int); int (*releasepage) (struct page *, gfp_t); void (*freepage)(struct page *); ssize_t (*direct_IO)(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *iter); /* * migrate the contents of a page to the specified target. If * migrate_mode is MIGRATE_ASYNC, it must not block. */ int (*migratepage) (struct address_space *, struct page *, struct page *, enum migrate_mode); bool (*isolate_page)(struct page *, isolate_mode_t); void (*putback_page)(struct page *); int (*launder_page) (struct page *); int (*is_partially_uptodate) (struct page *, unsigned long, unsigned long); void (*is_dirty_writeback) (struct page *, bool *, bool *); int (*error_remove_page)(struct address_space *, struct page *); /* swapfile support */ int (*swap_activate)(struct swap_info_struct *sis, struct file *file, sector_t *span); void (*swap_deactivate)(struct file *file); }; extern const struct address_space_operations empty_aops; /* * pagecache_write_begin/pagecache_write_end must be used by general code * to write into the pagecache. */ int pagecache_write_begin(struct file *, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, void **fsdata); int pagecache_write_end(struct file *, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page, void *fsdata); /** * struct address_space - Contents of a cacheable, mappable object. * @host: Owner, either the inode or the block_device. * @i_pages: Cached pages. * @gfp_mask: Memory allocation flags to use for allocating pages. * @i_mmap_writable: Number of VM_SHARED mappings. * @nr_thps: Number of THPs in the pagecache (non-shmem only). * @i_mmap: Tree of private and shared mappings. * @i_mmap_rwsem: Protects @i_mmap and @i_mmap_writable. * @nrpages: Number of page entries, protected by the i_pages lock. * @nrexceptional: Shadow or DAX entries, protected by the i_pages lock. * @writeback_index: Writeback starts here. * @a_ops: Methods. * @flags: Error bits and flags (AS_*). * @wb_err: The most recent error which has occurred. * @private_lock: For use by the owner of the address_space. * @private_list: For use by the owner of the address_space. * @private_data: For use by the owner of the address_space. */ struct address_space { struct inode *host; struct xarray i_pages; gfp_t gfp_mask; atomic_t i_mmap_writable; #ifdef CONFIG_READ_ONLY_THP_FOR_FS /* number of thp, only for non-shmem files */ atomic_t nr_thps; #endif struct rb_root_cached i_mmap; struct rw_semaphore i_mma