1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_IVERSION_H #define _LINUX_IVERSION_H #include <linux/fs.h> /* * The inode->i_version field: * --------------------------- * The change attribute (i_version) is mandated by NFSv4 and is mostly for * knfsd, but is also used for other purposes (e.g. IMA). The i_version must * appear different to observers if there was a change to the inode's data or * metadata since it was last queried. * * Observers see the i_version as a 64-bit number that never decreases. If it * remains the same since it was last checked, then nothing has changed in the * inode. If it's different then something has changed. Observers cannot infer * anything about the nature or magnitude of the changes from the value, only * that the inode has changed in some fashion. * * Not all filesystems properly implement the i_version counter. Subsystems that * want to use i_version field on an inode should first check whether the * filesystem sets the SB_I_VERSION flag (usually via the IS_I_VERSION macro). * * Those that set SB_I_VERSION will automatically have their i_version counter * incremented on writes to normal files. If the SB_I_VERSION is not set, then * the VFS will not touch it on writes, and the filesystem can use it how it * wishes. Note that the filesystem is always responsible for updating the * i_version on namespace changes in directories (mkdir, rmdir, unlink, etc.). * We consider these sorts of filesystems to have a kernel-managed i_version. * * It may be impractical for filesystems to keep i_version updates atomic with * respect to the changes that cause them. They should, however, guarantee * that i_version updates are never visible before the changes that caused * them. Also, i_version updates should never be delayed longer than it takes * the original change to reach disk. * * This implementation uses the low bit in the i_version field as a flag to * track when the value has been queried. If it has not been queried since it * was last incremented, we can skip the increment in most cases. * * In the event that we're updating the ctime, we will usually go ahead and * bump the i_version anyway. Since that has to go to stable storage in some * fashion, we might as well increment it as well. * * With this implementation, the value should always appear to observers to * increase over time if the file has changed. It's recommended to use * inode_eq_iversion() helper to compare values. * * Note that some filesystems (e.g. NFS and AFS) just use the field to store * a server-provided value (for the most part). For that reason, those * filesystems do not set SB_I_VERSION. These filesystems are considered to * have a self-managed i_version. * * Persistently storing the i_version * ---------------------------------- * Queries of the i_version field are not gated on them hitting the backing * store. It's always possible that the host could crash after allowing * a query of the value but before it has made it to disk. * * To mitigate this problem, filesystems should always use * inode_set_iversion_queried when loading an existing inode from disk. This * ensures that the next attempted inode increment will result in the value * changing. * * Storing the value to disk therefore does not count as a query, so those * filesystems should use inode_peek_iversion to grab the value to be stored. * There is no need to flag the value as having been queried in that case. */ /* * We borrow the lowest bit in the i_version to use as a flag to tell whether * it has been queried since we last incremented it. If it has, then we must * increment it on the next change. After that, we can clear the flag and * avoid incrementing it again until it has again been queried. */ #define I_VERSION_QUERIED_SHIFT (1) #define I_VERSION_QUERIED (1ULL << (I_VERSION_QUERIED_SHIFT - 1)) #define I_VERSION_INCREMENT (1ULL << I_VERSION_QUERIED_SHIFT) /** * inode_set_iversion_raw - set i_version to the specified raw value * @inode: inode to set * @val: new i_version value to set * * Set @inode's i_version field to @val. This function is for use by * filesystems that self-manage the i_version. * * For example, the NFS client stores its NFSv4 change attribute in this way, * and the AFS client stores the data_version from the server here. */ static inline void inode_set_iversion_raw(struct inode *inode, u64 val) { atomic64_set(&inode->i_version, val); } /** * inode_peek_iversion_raw - grab a "raw" iversion value * @inode: inode from which i_version should be read * * Grab a "raw" inode->i_version value and return it. The i_version is not * flagged or converted in any way. This is mostly used to access a self-managed * i_version. * * With those filesystems, we want to treat the i_version as an entirely * opaque value. */ static inline u64 inode_peek_iversion_raw(const struct inode *inode) { return atomic64_read(&inode->i_version); } /** * inode_set_max_iversion_raw - update i_version new value is larger * @inode: inode to set * @val: new i_version to set * * Some self-managed filesystems (e.g Ceph) will only update the i_version * value if the new value is larger than the one we already have. */ static inline void inode_set_max_iversion_raw(struct inode *inode, u64 val) { u64 cur, old; cur = inode_peek_iversion_raw(inode); for (;;) { if (cur > val) break; old = atomic64_cmpxchg(&inode->i_version, cur, val); if (likely(old == cur)) break; cur = old; } } /** * inode_set_iversion - set i_version to a particular value * @inode: inode to set * @val: new i_version value to set * * Set @inode's i_version field to @val. This function is for filesystems with * a kernel-managed i_version, for initializing a newly-created inode from * scratch. * * In this case, we do not set the QUERIED flag since we know that this value * has never been queried. */ static inline void inode_set_iversion(struct inode *inode, u64 val) { inode_set_iversion_raw(inode, val << I_VERSION_QUERIED_SHIFT); } /** * inode_set_iversion_queried - set i_version to a particular value as quereied * @inode: inode to set * @val: new i_version value to set * * Set @inode's i_version field to @val, and flag it for increment on the next * change. * * Filesystems that persistently store the i_version on disk should use this * when loading an existing inode from disk. * * When loading in an i_version value from a backing store, we can't be certain * that it wasn't previously viewed before being stored. Thus, we must assume * that it was, to ensure that we don't end up handing out the same value for * different versions of the same inode. */ static inline void inode_set_iversion_queried(struct inode *inode, u64 val) { inode_set_iversion_raw(inode, (val << I_VERSION_QUERIED_SHIFT) | I_VERSION_QUERIED); } /** * inode_maybe_inc_iversion - increments i_version * @inode: inode with the i_version that should be updated * @force: increment the counter even if it's not necessary? * * Every time the inode is modified, the i_version field must be seen to have * changed by any observer. * * If "force" is set or the QUERIED flag is set, then ensure that we increment * the value, and clear the queried flag. * * In the common case where neither is set, then we can return "false" without * updating i_version. * * If this function returns false, and no other metadata has changed, then we * can avoid logging the metadata. */ static inline bool inode_maybe_inc_iversion(struct inode *inode, bool force) { u64 cur, old, new; /* * The i_version field is not strictly ordered with any other inode * information, but the legacy inode_inc_iversion code used a spinlock * to serialize increments. * * Here, we add full memory barriers to ensure that any de-facto * ordering with other info is preserved. * * This barrier pairs with the barrier in inode_query_iversion() */ smp_mb(); cur = inode_peek_iversion_raw(inode); for (;;) { /* If flag is clear then we needn't do anything */ if (!force && !(cur & I_VERSION_QUERIED)) return false; /* Since lowest bit is flag, add 2 to avoid it */ new = (cur & ~I_VERSION_QUERIED) + I_VERSION_INCREMENT; old = atomic64_cmpxchg(&inode->i_version, cur, new); if (likely(old == cur)) break; cur = old; } return true; } /** * inode_inc_iversion - forcibly increment i_version * @inode: inode that needs to be updated * * Forcbily increment the i_version field. This always results in a change to * the observable value. */ static inline void inode_inc_iversion(struct inode *inode) { inode_maybe_inc_iversion(inode, true); } /** * inode_iversion_need_inc - is the i_version in need of being incremented? * @inode: inode to check * * Returns whether the inode->i_version counter needs incrementing on the next * change. Just fetch the value and check the QUERIED flag. */ static inline bool inode_iversion_need_inc(struct inode *inode) { return inode_peek_iversion_raw(inode) & I_VERSION_QUERIED; } /** * inode_inc_iversion_raw - forcibly increment raw i_version * @inode: inode that needs to be updated * * Forcbily increment the raw i_version field. This always results in a change * to the raw value. * * NFS will use the i_version field to store the value from the server. It * mostly treats it as opaque, but in the case where it holds a write * delegation, it must increment the value itself. This function does that. */ static inline void inode_inc_iversion_raw(struct inode *inode) { atomic64_inc(&inode->i_version); } /** * inode_peek_iversion - read i_version without flagging it to be incremented * @inode: inode from which i_version should be read * * Read the inode i_version counter for an inode without registering it as a * query. * * This is typically used by local filesystems that need to store an i_version * on disk. In that situation, it's not necessary to flag it as having been * viewed, as the result won't be used to gauge changes from that point. */ static inline u64 inode_peek_iversion(const struct inode *inode) { return inode_peek_iversion_raw(inode) >> I_VERSION_QUERIED_SHIFT; } /** * inode_query_iversion - read i_version for later use * @inode: inode from which i_version should be read * * Read the inode i_version counter. This should be used by callers that wish * to store the returned i_version for later comparison. This will guarantee * that a later query of the i_version will result in a different value if * anything has changed. * * In this implementation, we fetch the current value, set the QUERIED flag and * then try to swap it into place with a cmpxchg, if it wasn't already set. If * that fails, we try again with the newly fetched value from the cmpxchg. */ static inline u64 inode_query_iversion(struct inode *inode) { u64 cur, old, new; cur = inode_peek_iversion_raw(inode); for (;;) { /* If flag is already set, then no need to swap */ if (cur & I_VERSION_QUERIED) { /* * This barrier (and the implicit barrier in the * cmpxchg below) pairs with the barrier in * inode_maybe_inc_iversion(). */ smp_mb(); break; } new = cur | I_VERSION_QUERIED; old = atomic64_cmpxchg(&inode->i_version, cur, new); if (likely(old == cur)) break; cur = old; } return cur >> I_VERSION_QUERIED_SHIFT; } /** * inode_eq_iversion_raw - check whether the raw i_version counter has changed * @inode: inode to check * @old: old value to check against its i_version * * Compare the current raw i_version counter with a previous one. Returns true * if they are the same or false if they are different. */ static inline bool inode_eq_iversion_raw(const struct inode *inode, u64 old) { return inode_peek_iversion_raw(inode) == old; } /** * inode_eq_iversion - check whether the i_version counter has changed * @inode: inode to check * @old: old value to check against its i_version * * Compare an i_version counter with a previous one. Returns true if they are * the same, and false if they are different. * * Note that we don't need to set the QUERIED flag in this case, as the value * in the inode is not being recorded for later use. */ static inline bool inode_eq_iversion(const struct inode *inode, u64 old) { return inode_peek_iversion(inode) == old; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * fs/ext4/mballoc.h * * Written by: Alex Tomas <alex@clusterfs.com> * */ #ifndef _EXT4_MBALLOC_H #define _EXT4_MBALLOC_H #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/namei.h> #include <linux/quotaops.h> #include <linux/buffer_head.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/proc_fs.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include "ext4_jbd2.h" #include "ext4.h" /* * mb_debug() dynamic printk msgs could be used to debug mballoc code. */ #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_DEBUG #define mb_debug(sb, fmt, ...) \ pr_debug("[%s/%d] EXT4-fs (%s): (%s, %d): %s: " fmt, \ current->comm, task_pid_nr(current), sb->s_id, \ __FILE__, __LINE__, __func__, ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define mb_debug(sb, fmt, ...) no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif #define EXT4_MB_HISTORY_ALLOC 1 /* allocation */ #define EXT4_MB_HISTORY_PREALLOC 2 /* preallocated blocks used */ /* * How long mballoc can look for a best extent (in found extents) */ #define MB_DEFAULT_MAX_TO_SCAN 200 /* * How long mballoc must look for a best extent */ #define MB_DEFAULT_MIN_TO_SCAN 10 /* * with 'ext4_mb_stats' allocator will collect stats that will be * shown at umount. The collecting costs though! */ #define MB_DEFAULT_STATS 0 /* * files smaller than MB_DEFAULT_STREAM_THRESHOLD are served * by the stream allocator, which purpose is to pack requests * as close each to other as possible to produce smooth I/O traffic * We use locality group prealloc space for stream request. * We can tune the same via /proc/fs/ext4/<parition>/stream_req */ #define MB_DEFAULT_STREAM_THRESHOLD 16 /* 64K */ /* * for which requests use 2^N search using buddies */ #define MB_DEFAULT_ORDER2_REQS 2 /* * default group prealloc size 512 blocks */ #define MB_DEFAULT_GROUP_PREALLOC 512 /* * maximum length of inode prealloc list */ #define MB_DEFAULT_MAX_INODE_PREALLOC 512 struct ext4_free_data { /* this links the free block information from sb_info */ struct list_head efd_list; /* this links the free block information from group_info */ struct rb_node efd_node; /* group which free block extent belongs */ ext4_group_t efd_group; /* free block extent */ ext4_grpblk_t efd_start_cluster; ext4_grpblk_t efd_count; /* transaction which freed this extent */ tid_t efd_tid; }; struct ext4_prealloc_space { struct list_head pa_inode_list; struct list_head pa_group_list; union { struct list_head pa_tmp_list; struct rcu_head pa_rcu; } u; spinlock_t pa_lock; atomic_t pa_count; unsigned pa_deleted; ext4_fsblk_t pa_pstart; /* phys. block */ ext4_lblk_t pa_lstart; /* log. block */ ext4_grpblk_t pa_len; /* len of preallocated chunk */ ext4_grpblk_t pa_free; /* how many blocks are free */ unsigned short pa_type; /* pa type. inode or group */ spinlock_t *pa_obj_lock; struct inode *pa_inode; /* hack, for history only */ }; enum { MB_INODE_PA = 0, MB_GROUP_PA = 1 }; struct ext4_free_extent { ext4_lblk_t fe_logical; ext4_grpblk_t fe_start; /* In cluster units */ ext4_group_t fe_group; ext4_grpblk_t fe_len; /* In cluster units */ }; /* * Locality group: * we try to group all related changes together * so that writeback can flush/allocate them together as well * Size of lg_prealloc_list hash is determined by MB_DEFAULT_GROUP_PREALLOC * (512). We store prealloc space into the hash based on the pa_free blocks * order value.ie, fls(pa_free)-1; */ #define PREALLOC_TB_SIZE 10 struct ext4_locality_group { /* for allocator */ /* to serialize allocates */ struct mutex lg_mutex; /* list of preallocations */ struct list_head lg_prealloc_list[PREALLOC_TB_SIZE]; spinlock_t lg_prealloc_lock; }; struct ext4_allocation_context { struct inode *ac_inode; struct super_block *ac_sb; /* original request */ struct ext4_free_extent ac_o_ex; /* goal request (normalized ac_o_ex) */ struct ext4_free_extent ac_g_ex; /* the best found extent */ struct ext4_free_extent ac_b_ex; /* copy of the best found extent taken before preallocation efforts */ struct ext4_free_extent ac_f_ex; __u16 ac_groups_scanned; __u16 ac_found; __u16 ac_tail; __u16 ac_buddy; __u16 ac_flags; /* allocation hints */ __u8 ac_status; __u8 ac_criteria; __u8 ac_2order; /* if request is to allocate 2^N blocks and * N > 0, the field stores N, otherwise 0 */ __u8 ac_op; /* operation, for history only */ struct page *ac_bitmap_page; struct page *ac_buddy_page; struct ext4_prealloc_space *ac_pa; struct ext4_locality_group *ac_lg; }; #define AC_STATUS_CONTINUE 1 #define AC_STATUS_FOUND 2 #define AC_STATUS_BREAK 3 struct ext4_buddy { struct page *bd_buddy_page; void *bd_buddy; struct page *bd_bitmap_page; void *bd_bitmap; struct ext4_group_info *bd_info; struct super_block *bd_sb; __u16 bd_blkbits; ext4_group_t bd_group; }; static inline ext4_fsblk_t ext4_grp_offs_to_block(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_free_extent *fex) { return ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, fex->fe_group) + (fex->fe_start << EXT4_SB(sb)->s_cluster_bits); } typedef int (*ext4_mballoc_query_range_fn)( struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t agno, ext4_grpblk_t start, ext4_grpblk_t len, void *priv); int ext4_mballoc_query_range( struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t agno, ext4_grpblk_t start, ext4_grpblk_t end, ext4_mballoc_query_range_fn formatter, void *priv); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_VMACACHE_H #define __LINUX_VMACACHE_H #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/mm.h> static inline void vmacache_flush(struct task_struct *tsk) { memset(tsk->vmacache.vmas, 0, sizeof(tsk->vmacache.vmas)); } extern void vmacache_update(unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct *newvma); extern struct vm_area_struct *vmacache_find(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr); #ifndef CONFIG_MMU extern struct vm_area_struct *vmacache_find_exact(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); #endif static inline void vmacache_invalidate(struct mm_struct *mm) { mm->vmacache_seqnum++; } #endif /* __LINUX_VMACACHE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __KERNEL_PRINTK__ #define __KERNEL_PRINTK__ #include <stdarg.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/kern_levels.h> #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/ratelimit_types.h> extern const char linux_banner[]; extern const char linux_proc_banner[]; extern int oops_in_progress; /* If set, an oops, panic(), BUG() or die() is in progress */ #define PRINTK_MAX_SINGLE_HEADER_LEN 2 static inline int printk_get_level(const char *buffer) { if (buffer[0] == KERN_SOH_ASCII && buffer[1]) { switch (buffer[1]) { case '0' ... '7': case 'c': /* KERN_CONT */ return buffer[1]; } } return 0; } static inline const char *printk_skip_level(const char *buffer) { if (printk_get_level(buffer)) return buffer + 2; return buffer; } static inline const char *printk_skip_headers(const char *buffer) { while (printk_get_level(buffer)) buffer = printk_skip_level(buffer); return buffer; } #define CONSOLE_EXT_LOG_MAX 8192 /* printk's without a loglevel use this.. */ #define MESSAGE_LOGLEVEL_DEFAULT CONFIG_MESSAGE_LOGLEVEL_DEFAULT /* We show everything that is MORE important than this.. */ #define CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_SILENT 0 /* Mum's the word */ #define CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_MIN 1 /* Minimum loglevel we let people use */ #define CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_DEBUG 10 /* issue debug messages */ #define CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_MOTORMOUTH 15 /* You can't shut this one up */ /* * Default used to be hard-coded at 7, quiet used to be hardcoded at 4, * we're now allowing both to be set from kernel config. */ #define CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_DEFAULT CONFIG_CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_DEFAULT #define CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_QUIET CONFIG_CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_QUIET extern int console_printk[]; #define console_loglevel (console_printk[0]) #define default_message_loglevel (console_printk[1]) #define minimum_console_loglevel (console_printk[2]) #define default_console_loglevel (console_printk[3]) static inline void console_silent(void) { console_loglevel = CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_SILENT; } static inline void console_verbose(void) { if (console_loglevel) console_loglevel = CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_MOTORMOUTH; } /* strlen("ratelimit") + 1 */ #define DEVKMSG_STR_MAX_SIZE 10 extern char devkmsg_log_str[]; struct ctl_table; extern int suppress_printk; struct va_format { const char *fmt; va_list *va; }; /* * FW_BUG * Add this to a message where you are sure the firmware is buggy or behaves * really stupid or out of spec. Be aware that the responsible BIOS developer * should be able to fix this issue or at least get a concrete idea of the * problem by reading your message without the need of looking at the kernel * code. * * Use it for definite and high priority BIOS bugs. * * FW_WARN * Use it for not that clear (e.g. could the kernel messed up things already?) * and medium priority BIOS bugs. * * FW_INFO * Use this one if you want to tell the user or vendor about something * suspicious, but generally harmless related to the firmware. * * Use it for information or very low priority BIOS bugs. */ #define FW_BUG "[Firmware Bug]: " #define FW_WARN "[Firmware Warn]: " #define FW_INFO "[Firmware Info]: " /* * HW_ERR * Add this to a message for hardware errors, so that user can report * it to hardware vendor instead of LKML or software vendor. */ #define HW_ERR "[Hardware Error]: " /* * DEPRECATED * Add this to a message whenever you want to warn user space about the use * of a deprecated aspect of an API so they can stop using it */ #define DEPRECATED "[Deprecated]: " /* * Dummy printk for disabled debugging statements to use whilst maintaining * gcc's format checking. */ #define no_printk(fmt, ...) \ ({ \ if (0) \ printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ 0; \ }) #ifdef CONFIG_EARLY_PRINTK extern asmlinkage __printf(1, 2) void early_printk(const char *fmt, ...); #else static inline __printf(1, 2) __cold void early_printk(const char *s, ...) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PRINTK_NMI extern void printk_nmi_enter(void); extern void printk_nmi_exit(void); extern void printk_nmi_direct_enter(void); extern void printk_nmi_direct_exit(void); #else static inline void printk_nmi_enter(void) { } static inline void printk_nmi_exit(void) { } static inline void printk_nmi_direct_enter(void) { } static inline void printk_nmi_direct_exit(void) { } #endif /* PRINTK_NMI */ struct dev_printk_info; #ifdef CONFIG_PRINTK asmlinkage __printf(4, 0) int vprintk_emit(int facility, int level, const struct dev_printk_info *dev_info, const char *fmt, va_list args); asmlinkage __printf(1, 0) int vprintk(const char *fmt, va_list args); asmlinkage __printf(1, 2) __cold int printk(const char *fmt, ...); /* * Special printk facility for scheduler/timekeeping use only, _DO_NOT_USE_ ! */ __printf(1, 2) __cold int printk_deferred(const char *fmt, ...); /* * Please don't use printk_ratelimit(), because it shares ratelimiting state * with all other unrelated printk_ratelimit() callsites. Instead use * printk_ratelimited() or plain old __ratelimit(). */ extern int __printk_ratelimit(const char *func); #define printk_ratelimit() __printk_ratelimit(__func__) extern bool printk_timed_ratelimit(unsigned long *caller_jiffies, unsigned int interval_msec); extern int printk_delay_msec; extern int dmesg_restrict; extern int devkmsg_sysctl_set_loglvl(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buf, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos); extern void wake_up_klogd(void); char *log_buf_addr_get(void); u32 log_buf_len_get(void); void log_buf_vmcoreinfo_setup(void); void __init setup_log_buf(int early); __printf(1, 2) void dump_stack_set_arch_desc(const char *fmt, ...); void dump_stack_print_info(const char *log_lvl); void show_regs_print_info(const char *log_lvl); extern asmlinkage void dump_stack(void) __cold; extern void printk_safe_flush(void); extern void printk_safe_flush_on_panic(void); #else static inline __printf(1, 0) int vprintk(const char *s, va_list args) { return 0; } static inline __printf(1, 2) __cold int printk(const char *s, ...) { return 0; } static inline __printf(1, 2) __cold int printk_deferred(const char *s, ...) { return 0; } static inline int printk_ratelimit(void) { return 0; } static inline bool printk_timed_ratelimit(unsigned long *caller_jiffies, unsigned int interval_msec) { return false; } static inline void wake_up_klogd(void) { } static inline char *log_buf_addr_get(void) { return NULL; } static inline u32 log_buf_len_get(void) { return 0; } static inline void log_buf_vmcoreinfo_setup(void) { } static inline void setup_log_buf(int early) { } static inline __printf(1, 2) void dump_stack_set_arch_desc(const char *fmt, ...) { } static inline void dump_stack_print_info(const char *log_lvl) { } static inline void show_regs_print_info(const char *log_lvl) { } static inline void dump_stack(void) { } static inline void printk_safe_flush(void) { } static inline void printk_safe_flush_on_panic(void) { } #endif extern int kptr_restrict; /** * pr_fmt - used by the pr_*() macros to generate the printk format string * @fmt: format string passed from a pr_*() macro * * This macro can be used to generate a unified format string for pr_*() * macros. A common use is to prefix all pr_*() messages in a file with a common * string. For example, defining this at the top of a source file: * * #define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt * * would prefix all pr_info, pr_emerg... messages in the file with the module * name. */ #ifndef pr_fmt #define pr_fmt(fmt) fmt #endif /** * pr_emerg - Print an emergency-level message * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_EMERG loglevel. It uses pr_fmt() to * generate the format string. */ #define pr_emerg(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_EMERG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * pr_alert - Print an alert-level message * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_ALERT loglevel. It uses pr_fmt() to * generate the format string. */ #define pr_alert(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_ALERT pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * pr_crit - Print a critical-level message * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_CRIT loglevel. It uses pr_fmt() to * generate the format string. */ #define pr_crit(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_CRIT pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * pr_err - Print an error-level message * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_ERR loglevel. It uses pr_fmt() to * generate the format string. */ #define pr_err(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_ERR pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * pr_warn - Print a warning-level message * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_WARNING loglevel. It uses pr_fmt() * to generate the format string. */ #define pr_warn(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_WARNING pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * pr_notice - Print a notice-level message * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_NOTICE loglevel. It uses pr_fmt() to * generate the format string. */ #define pr_notice(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_NOTICE pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * pr_info - Print an info-level message * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_INFO loglevel. It uses pr_fmt() to * generate the format string. */ #define pr_info(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_INFO pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * pr_cont - Continues a previous log message in the same line. * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_CONT loglevel. It should only be * used when continuing a log message with no newline ('\n') enclosed. Otherwise * it defaults back to KERN_DEFAULT loglevel. */ #define pr_cont(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_CONT fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * pr_devel - Print a debug-level message conditionally * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_DEBUG loglevel if DEBUG is * defined. Otherwise it does nothing. * * It uses pr_fmt() to generate the format string. */ #ifdef DEBUG #define pr_devel(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define pr_devel(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /* If you are writing a driver, please use dev_dbg instead */ #if defined(CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG) || \ (defined(CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG_CORE) && defined(DYNAMIC_DEBUG_MODULE)) #include <linux/dynamic_debug.h> /** * pr_debug - Print a debug-level message conditionally * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to dynamic_pr_debug() if CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG is * set. Otherwise, if DEBUG is defined, it's equivalent to a printk with * KERN_DEBUG loglevel. If DEBUG is not defined it does nothing. * * It uses pr_fmt() to generate the format string (dynamic_pr_debug() uses * pr_fmt() internally). */ #define pr_debug(fmt, ...) \ dynamic_pr_debug(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #elif defined(DEBUG) #define pr_debug(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define pr_debug(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /* * Print a one-time message (analogous to WARN_ONCE() et al): */ #ifdef CONFIG_PRINTK #define printk_once(fmt, ...) \ ({ \ static bool __section(".data.once") __print_once; \ bool __ret_print_once = !__print_once; \ \ if (!__print_once) { \ __print_once = true; \ printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ } \ unlikely(__ret_print_once); \ }) #define printk_deferred_once(fmt, ...) \ ({ \ static bool __section(".data.once") __print_once; \ bool __ret_print_once = !__print_once; \ \ if (!__print_once) { \ __print_once = true; \ printk_deferred(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ } \ unlikely(__ret_print_once); \ }) #else #define printk_once(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define printk_deferred_once(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif #define pr_emerg_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_EMERG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_alert_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_ALERT pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_crit_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_CRIT pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_err_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_ERR pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_warn_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_WARNING pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_notice_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_NOTICE pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_info_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_INFO pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /* no pr_cont_once, don't do that... */ #if defined(DEBUG) #define pr_devel_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define pr_devel_once(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /* If you are writing a driver, please use dev_dbg instead */ #if defined(DEBUG) #define pr_debug_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define pr_debug_once(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /* * ratelimited messages with local ratelimit_state, * no local ratelimit_state used in the !PRINTK case */ #ifdef CONFIG_PRINTK #define printk_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ ({ \ static DEFINE_RATELIMIT_STATE(_rs, \ DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_INTERVAL, \ DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_BURST); \ \ if (__ratelimit(&_rs)) \ printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ }) #else #define printk_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif #define pr_emerg_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_EMERG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_alert_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_ALERT pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_crit_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_CRIT pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_err_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_ERR pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_warn_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_WARNING pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_notice_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_NOTICE pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_info_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_INFO pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /* no pr_cont_ratelimited, don't do that... */ #if defined(DEBUG) #define pr_devel_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define pr_devel_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /* If you are writing a driver, please use dev_dbg instead */ #if defined(CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG) || \ (defined(CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG_CORE) && defined(DYNAMIC_DEBUG_MODULE)) /* descriptor check is first to prevent flooding with "callbacks suppressed" */ #define pr_debug_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ do { \ static DEFINE_RATELIMIT_STATE(_rs, \ DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_INTERVAL, \ DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_BURST); \ DEFINE_DYNAMIC_DEBUG_METADATA(descriptor, pr_fmt(fmt)); \ if (DYNAMIC_DEBUG_BRANCH(descriptor) && \ __ratelimit(&_rs)) \ __dynamic_pr_debug(&descriptor, pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__); \ } while (0) #elif defined(DEBUG) #define pr_debug_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define pr_debug_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif extern const struct file_operations kmsg_fops; enum { DUMP_PREFIX_NONE, DUMP_PREFIX_ADDRESS, DUMP_PREFIX_OFFSET }; extern int hex_dump_to_buffer(const void *buf, size_t len, int rowsize, int groupsize, char *linebuf, size_t linebuflen, bool ascii); #ifdef CONFIG_PRINTK extern void print_hex_dump(const char *level, const char *prefix_str, int prefix_type, int rowsize, int groupsize, const void *buf, size_t len, bool ascii); #else static inline void print_hex_dump(const char *level, const char *prefix_str, int prefix_type, int rowsize, int groupsize, const void *buf, size_t len, bool ascii) { } static inline void print_hex_dump_bytes(const char *prefix_str, int prefix_type, const void *buf, size_t len) { } #endif #if defined(CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG) || \ (defined(CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG_CORE) && defined(DYNAMIC_DEBUG_MODULE)) #define print_hex_dump_debug(prefix_str, prefix_type, rowsize, \ groupsize, buf, len, ascii) \ dynamic_hex_dump(prefix_str, prefix_type, rowsize, \ groupsize, buf, len, ascii) #elif defined(DEBUG) #define print_hex_dump_debug(prefix_str, prefix_type, rowsize, \ groupsize, buf, len, ascii) \ print_hex_dump(KERN_DEBUG, prefix_str, prefix_type, rowsize, \ groupsize, buf, len, ascii) #else static inline void print_hex_dump_debug(const char *prefix_str, int prefix_type, int rowsize, int groupsize, const void *buf, size_t len, bool ascii) { } #endif /** * print_hex_dump_bytes - shorthand form of print_hex_dump() with default params * @prefix_str: string to prefix each line with; * caller supplies trailing spaces for alignment if desired * @prefix_type: controls whether prefix of an offset, address, or none * is printed (%DUMP_PREFIX_OFFSET, %DUMP_PREFIX_ADDRESS, %DUMP_PREFIX_NONE) * @buf: data blob to dump * @len: number of bytes in the @buf * * Calls print_hex_dump(), with log level of KERN_DEBUG, * rowsize of 16, groupsize of 1, and ASCII output included. */ #define print_hex_dump_bytes(prefix_str, prefix_type, buf, len) \ print_hex_dump_debug(prefix_str, prefix_type, 16, 1, buf, len, true) #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Task I/O accounting operations */ #ifndef __TASK_IO_ACCOUNTING_OPS_INCLUDED #define __TASK_IO_ACCOUNTING_OPS_INCLUDED #include <linux/sched.h> #ifdef CONFIG_TASK_IO_ACCOUNTING static inline void task_io_account_read(size_t bytes) { current->ioac.read_bytes += bytes; } /* * We approximate number of blocks, because we account bytes only. * A 'block' is 512 bytes */ static inline unsigned long task_io_get_inblock(const struct task_struct *p) { return p->ioac.read_bytes >> 9; } static inline void task_io_account_write(size_t bytes) { current->ioac.write_bytes += bytes; } /* * We approximate number of blocks, because we account bytes only. * A 'block' is 512 bytes */ static inline unsigned long task_io_get_oublock(const struct task_struct *p) { return p->ioac.write_bytes >> 9; } static inline void task_io_account_cancelled_write(size_t bytes) { current->ioac.cancelled_write_bytes += bytes; } static inline void task_io_accounting_init(struct task_io_accounting *ioac) { memset(ioac, 0, sizeof(*ioac)); } static inline void task_blk_io_accounting_add(struct task_io_accounting *dst, struct task_io_accounting *src) { dst->read_bytes += src->read_bytes; dst->write_bytes += src->write_bytes; dst->cancelled_write_bytes += src->cancelled_write_bytes; } #else static inline void task_io_account_read(size_t bytes) { } static inline unsigned long task_io_get_inblock(const struct task_struct *p) { return 0; } static inline void task_io_account_write(size_t bytes) { } static inline unsigned long task_io_get_oublock(const struct task_struct *p) { return 0; } static inline void task_io_account_cancelled_write(size_t bytes) { } static inline void task_io_accounting_init(struct task_io_accounting *ioac) { } static inline void task_blk_io_accounting_add(struct task_io_accounting *dst, struct task_io_accounting *src) { } #endif /* CONFIG_TASK_IO_ACCOUNTING */ #ifdef CONFIG_TASK_XACCT static inline void task_chr_io_accounting_add(struct task_io_accounting *dst, struct task_io_accounting *src) { dst->rchar += src->rchar; dst->wchar += src->wchar; dst->syscr += src->syscr; dst->syscw += src->syscw; } #else static inline void task_chr_io_accounting_add(struct task_io_accounting *dst, struct task_io_accounting *src) { } #endif /* CONFIG_TASK_XACCT */ static inline void task_io_accounting_add(struct task_io_accounting *dst, struct task_io_accounting *src) { task_chr_io_accounting_add(dst, src); task_blk_io_accounting_add(dst, src); } #endif /* __TASK_IO_ACCOUNTING_OPS_INCLUDED */
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only #include <linux/fault-inject.h> #include <linux/fault-inject-usercopy.h> static struct { struct fault_attr attr; } fail_usercopy = { .attr = FAULT_ATTR_INITIALIZER, }; static int __init setup_fail_usercopy(char *str) { return setup_fault_attr(&fail_usercopy.attr, str); } __setup("fail_usercopy=", setup_fail_usercopy); #ifdef CONFIG_FAULT_INJECTION_DEBUG_FS static int __init fail_usercopy_debugfs(void) { struct dentry *dir; dir = fault_create_debugfs_attr("fail_usercopy", NULL, &fail_usercopy.attr); if (IS_ERR(dir)) return PTR_ERR(dir); return 0; } late_initcall(fail_usercopy_debugfs); #endif /* CONFIG_FAULT_INJECTION_DEBUG_FS */ bool should_fail_usercopy(void) { return should_fail(&fail_usercopy.attr, 1); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(should_fail_usercopy);
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int skip; int count; bool nonempty; unsigned long cookie; int (*fn)(struct tcf_proto *, void *node, struct tcf_walker *); }; int register_tcf_proto_ops(struct tcf_proto_ops *ops); int unregister_tcf_proto_ops(struct tcf_proto_ops *ops); struct tcf_block_ext_info { enum flow_block_binder_type binder_type; tcf_chain_head_change_t *chain_head_change; void *chain_head_change_priv; u32 block_index; }; struct tcf_qevent { struct tcf_block *block; struct tcf_block_ext_info info; struct tcf_proto __rcu *filter_chain; }; struct tcf_block_cb; bool tcf_queue_work(struct rcu_work *rwork, work_func_t func); #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS struct tcf_chain *tcf_chain_get_by_act(struct tcf_block *block, u32 chain_index); void tcf_chain_put_by_act(struct tcf_chain *chain); struct tcf_chain *tcf_get_next_chain(struct tcf_block *block, struct tcf_chain *chain); struct tcf_proto *tcf_get_next_proto(struct tcf_chain *chain, struct tcf_proto *tp, bool rtnl_held); void tcf_block_netif_keep_dst(struct tcf_block *block); int tcf_block_get(struct tcf_block **p_block, struct tcf_proto __rcu **p_filter_chain, struct Qdisc *q, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int tcf_block_get_ext(struct tcf_block **p_block, struct Qdisc *q, struct tcf_block_ext_info *ei, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void tcf_block_put(struct tcf_block *block); void tcf_block_put_ext(struct tcf_block *block, struct Qdisc *q, struct tcf_block_ext_info *ei); static inline bool tcf_block_shared(struct tcf_block *block) { return block->index; } static inline bool tcf_block_non_null_shared(struct tcf_block *block) { return block && block->index; } static inline struct Qdisc *tcf_block_q(struct tcf_block *block) { WARN_ON(tcf_block_shared(block)); return block->q; } int tcf_classify(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct tcf_proto *tp, struct tcf_result *res, bool compat_mode); int tcf_classify_ingress(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct tcf_block *ingress_block, const struct tcf_proto *tp, struct tcf_result *res, bool compat_mode); #else static inline bool tcf_block_shared(struct tcf_block *block) { return false; } static inline bool tcf_block_non_null_shared(struct tcf_block *block) { return false; } static inline int tcf_block_get(struct tcf_block **p_block, struct tcf_proto __rcu **p_filter_chain, struct Qdisc *q, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return 0; } static inline int tcf_block_get_ext(struct tcf_block **p_block, struct Qdisc *q, struct tcf_block_ext_info *ei, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return 0; } static inline void tcf_block_put(struct tcf_block *block) { } static inline void tcf_block_put_ext(struct tcf_block *block, struct Qdisc *q, struct tcf_block_ext_info *ei) { } static inline struct Qdisc *tcf_block_q(struct tcf_block *block) { return NULL; } static inline int tc_setup_cb_block_register(struct tcf_block *block, flow_setup_cb_t *cb, void *cb_priv) { return 0; } static inline void tc_setup_cb_block_unregister(struct tcf_block *block, flow_setup_cb_t *cb, void *cb_priv) { } static inline int tcf_classify(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct tcf_proto *tp, struct tcf_result *res, bool compat_mode) { return TC_ACT_UNSPEC; } static inline int tcf_classify_ingress(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct tcf_block *ingress_block, const struct tcf_proto *tp, struct tcf_result *res, bool compat_mode) { return TC_ACT_UNSPEC; } #endif static inline unsigned long __cls_set_class(unsigned long *clp, unsigned long cl) { return xchg(clp, cl); } static inline void __tcf_bind_filter(struct Qdisc *q, struct tcf_result *r, unsigned long base) { unsigned long cl; cl = q->ops->cl_ops->bind_tcf(q, base, r->classid); cl = __cls_set_class(&r->class, cl); if (cl) q->ops->cl_ops->unbind_tcf(q, cl); } static inline void tcf_bind_filter(struct tcf_proto *tp, struct tcf_result *r, unsigned long base) { struct Qdisc *q = tp->chain->block->q; /* Check q as it is not set for shared blocks. In that case, * setting class is not supported. */ if (!q) return; sch_tree_lock(q); __tcf_bind_filter(q, r, base); sch_tree_unlock(q); } static inline void __tcf_unbind_filter(struct Qdisc *q, struct tcf_result *r) { unsigned long cl; if ((cl = __cls_set_class(&r->class, 0)) != 0) q->ops->cl_ops->unbind_tcf(q, cl); } static inline void tcf_unbind_filter(struct tcf_proto *tp, struct tcf_result *r) { struct Qdisc *q = tp->chain->block->q; if (!q) return; __tcf_unbind_filter(q, r); } struct tcf_exts { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT __u32 type; /* for backward compat(TCA_OLD_COMPAT) */ int nr_actions; struct tc_action **actions; struct net *net; #endif /* Map to export classifier specific extension TLV types to the * generic extensions API. Unsupported extensions must be set to 0. */ int action; int police; }; static inline int tcf_exts_init(struct tcf_exts *exts, struct net *net, int action, int police) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT exts->type = 0; exts->nr_actions = 0; exts->net = net; exts->actions = kcalloc(TCA_ACT_MAX_PRIO, sizeof(struct tc_action *), GFP_KERNEL); if (!exts->actions) return -ENOMEM; #endif exts->action = action; exts->police = police; return 0; } /* Return false if the netns is being destroyed in cleanup_net(). Callers * need to do cleanup synchronously in this case, otherwise may race with * tc_action_net_exit(). Return true for other cases. */ static inline bool tcf_exts_get_net(struct tcf_exts *exts) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT exts->net = maybe_get_net(exts->net); return exts->net != NULL; #else return true; #endif } static inline void tcf_exts_put_net(struct tcf_exts *exts) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT if (exts->net) put_net(exts->net); #endif } #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT #define tcf_exts_for_each_action(i, a, exts) \ for (i = 0; i < TCA_ACT_MAX_PRIO && ((a) = (exts)->actions[i]); i++) #else #define tcf_exts_for_each_action(i, a, exts) \ for (; 0; (void)(i), (void)(a), (void)(exts)) #endif static inline void tcf_exts_stats_update(const struct tcf_exts *exts, u64 bytes, u64 packets, u64 drops, u64 lastuse, u8 used_hw_stats, bool used_hw_stats_valid) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT int i; preempt_disable(); for (i = 0; i < exts->nr_actions; i++) { struct tc_action *a = exts->actions[i]; tcf_action_stats_update(a, bytes, packets, drops, lastuse, true); a->used_hw_stats = used_hw_stats; a->used_hw_stats_valid = used_hw_stats_valid; } preempt_enable(); #endif } /** * tcf_exts_has_actions - check if at least one action is present * @exts: tc filter extensions handle * * Returns true if at least one action is present. */ static inline bool tcf_exts_has_actions(struct tcf_exts *exts) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT return exts->nr_actions; #else return false; #endif } /** * tcf_exts_exec - execute tc filter extensions * @skb: socket buffer * @exts: tc filter extensions handle * @res: desired result * * Executes all configured extensions. Returns TC_ACT_OK on a normal execution, * a negative number if the filter must be considered unmatched or * a positive action code (TC_ACT_*) which must be returned to the * underlying layer. */ static inline int tcf_exts_exec(struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcf_exts *exts, struct tcf_result *res) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT return tcf_action_exec(skb, exts->actions, exts->nr_actions, res); #endif return TC_ACT_OK; } int tcf_exts_validate(struct net *net, struct tcf_proto *tp, struct nlattr **tb, struct nlattr *rate_tlv, struct tcf_exts *exts, bool ovr, bool rtnl_held, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void tcf_exts_destroy(struct tcf_exts *exts); void tcf_exts_change(struct tcf_exts *dst, struct tcf_exts *src); int tcf_exts_dump(struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcf_exts *exts); int tcf_exts_terse_dump(struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcf_exts *exts); int tcf_exts_dump_stats(struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcf_exts *exts); /** * struct tcf_pkt_info - packet information */ struct tcf_pkt_info { unsigned char * ptr; int nexthdr; }; #ifdef CONFIG_NET_EMATCH struct tcf_ematch_ops; /** * struct tcf_ematch - extended match (ematch) * * @matchid: identifier to allow userspace to reidentify a match * @flags: flags specifying attributes and the relation to other matches * @ops: the operations lookup table of the corresponding ematch module * @datalen: length of the ematch specific configuration data * @data: ematch specific data */ struct tcf_ematch { struct tcf_ematch_ops * ops; unsigned long data; unsigned int datalen; u16 matchid; u16 flags; struct net *net; }; static inline int tcf_em_is_container(struct tcf_ematch *em) { return !em->ops; } static inline int tcf_em_is_simple(struct tcf_ematch *em) { return em->flags & TCF_EM_SIMPLE; } static inline int tcf_em_is_inverted(struct tcf_ematch *em) { return em->flags & TCF_EM_INVERT; } static inline int tcf_em_last_match(struct tcf_ematch *em) { return (em->flags & TCF_EM_REL_MASK) == TCF_EM_REL_END; } static inline int tcf_em_early_end(struct tcf_ematch *em, int result) { if (tcf_em_last_match(em)) return 1; if (result == 0 && em->flags & TCF_EM_REL_AND) return 1; if (result != 0 && em->flags & TCF_EM_REL_OR) return 1; return 0; } /** * struct tcf_ematch_tree - ematch tree handle * * @hdr: ematch tree header supplied by userspace * @matches: array of ematches */ struct tcf_ematch_tree { struct tcf_ematch_tree_hdr hdr; struct tcf_ematch * matches; }; /** * struct tcf_ematch_ops - ematch module operations * * @kind: identifier (kind) of this ematch module * @datalen: length of expected configuration data (optional) * @change: called during validation (optional) * @match: called during ematch tree evaluation, must return 1/0 * @destroy: called during destroyage (optional) * @dump: called during dumping process (optional) * @owner: owner, must be set to THIS_MODULE * @link: link to previous/next ematch module (internal use) */ struct tcf_ematch_ops { int kind; int datalen; int (*change)(struct net *net, void *, int, struct tcf_ematch *); int (*match)(struct sk_buff *, struct tcf_ematch *, struct tcf_pkt_info *); void (*destroy)(struct tcf_ematch *); int (*dump)(struct sk_buff *, struct tcf_ematch *); struct module *owner; struct list_head link; }; int tcf_em_register(struct tcf_ematch_ops *); void tcf_em_unregister(struct tcf_ematch_ops *); int tcf_em_tree_validate(struct tcf_proto *, struct nlattr *, struct tcf_ematch_tree *); void tcf_em_tree_destroy(struct tcf_ematch_tree *); int tcf_em_tree_dump(struct sk_buff *, struct tcf_ematch_tree *, int); int __tcf_em_tree_match(struct sk_buff *, struct tcf_ematch_tree *, struct tcf_pkt_info *); /** * tcf_em_tree_match - evaulate an ematch tree * * @skb: socket buffer of the packet in question * @tree: ematch tree to be used for evaluation * @info: packet information examined by classifier * * This function matches @skb against the ematch tree in @tree by going * through all ematches respecting their logic relations returning * as soon as the result is obvious. * * Returns 1 if the ematch tree as-one matches, no ematches are configured * or ematch is not enabled in the kernel, otherwise 0 is returned. */ static inline int tcf_em_tree_match(struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcf_ematch_tree *tree, struct tcf_pkt_info *info) { if (tree->hdr.nmatches) return __tcf_em_tree_match(skb, tree, info); else return 1; } #define MODULE_ALIAS_TCF_EMATCH(kind) MODULE_ALIAS("ematch-kind-" __stringify(kind)) #else /* CONFIG_NET_EMATCH */ struct tcf_ematch_tree { }; #define tcf_em_tree_validate(tp, tb, t) ((void)(t), 0) #define tcf_em_tree_destroy(t) do { (void)(t); } while(0) #define tcf_em_tree_dump(skb, t, tlv) (0) #define tcf_em_tree_match(skb, t, info) ((void)(info), 1) #endif /* CONFIG_NET_EMATCH */ static inline unsigned char * tcf_get_base_ptr(struct sk_buff *skb, int layer) { switch (layer) { case TCF_LAYER_LINK: return skb_mac_header(skb); case TCF_LAYER_NETWORK: return skb_network_header(skb); case TCF_LAYER_TRANSPORT: return skb_transport_header(skb); } return NULL; } static inline int tcf_valid_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb, const unsigned char *ptr, const int len) { return likely((ptr + len) <= skb_tail_pointer(skb) && ptr >= skb->head && (ptr <= (ptr + len))); } static inline int tcf_change_indev(struct net *net, struct nlattr *indev_tlv, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { char indev[IFNAMSIZ]; struct net_device *dev; if (nla_strlcpy(indev, indev_tlv, IFNAMSIZ) >= IFNAMSIZ) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR(extack, indev_tlv, "Interface name too long"); return -EINVAL; } dev = __dev_get_by_name(net, indev); if (!dev) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR(extack, indev_tlv, "Network device not found"); return -ENODEV; } return dev->ifindex; } static inline bool tcf_match_indev(struct sk_buff *skb, int ifindex) { if (!ifindex) return true; if (!skb->skb_iif) return false; return ifindex == skb->skb_iif; } int tc_setup_flow_action(struct flow_action *flow_action, const struct tcf_exts *exts); void tc_cleanup_flow_action(struct flow_action *flow_action); int tc_setup_cb_call(struct tcf_block *block, enum tc_setup_type type, void *type_data, bool err_stop, bool rtnl_held); int tc_setup_cb_add(struct tcf_block *block, struct tcf_proto *tp, enum tc_setup_type type, void *type_data, bool err_stop, u32 *flags, unsigned int *in_hw_count, bool rtnl_held); int tc_setup_cb_replace(struct tcf_block *block, struct tcf_proto *tp, enum tc_setup_type type, void *type_data, bool err_stop, u32 *old_flags, unsigned int *old_in_hw_count, u32 *new_flags, unsigned int *new_in_hw_count, bool rtnl_held); int tc_setup_cb_destroy(struct tcf_block *block, struct tcf_proto *tp, enum tc_setup_type type, void *type_data, bool err_stop, u32 *flags, unsigned int *in_hw_count, bool rtnl_held); int tc_setup_cb_reoffload(struct tcf_block *block, struct tcf_proto *tp, bool add, flow_setup_cb_t *cb, enum tc_setup_type type, void *type_data, void *cb_priv, u32 *flags, unsigned int *in_hw_count); unsigned int tcf_exts_num_actions(struct tcf_exts *exts); #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT int tcf_qevent_init(struct tcf_qevent *qe, struct Qdisc *sch, enum flow_block_binder_type binder_type, struct nlattr *block_index_attr, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void tcf_qevent_destroy(struct tcf_qevent *qe, struct Qdisc *sch); int tcf_qevent_validate_change(struct tcf_qevent *qe, struct nlattr *block_index_attr, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); struct sk_buff *tcf_qevent_handle(struct tcf_qevent *qe, struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff *skb, struct sk_buff **to_free, int *ret); int tcf_qevent_dump(struct sk_buff *skb, int attr_name, struct tcf_qevent *qe); #else static inline int tcf_qevent_init(struct tcf_qevent *qe, struct Qdisc *sch, enum flow_block_binder_type binder_type, struct nlattr *block_index_attr, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return 0; } static inline void tcf_qevent_destroy(struct tcf_qevent *qe, struct Qdisc *sch) { } static inline int tcf_qevent_validate_change(struct tcf_qevent *qe, struct nlattr *block_index_attr, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return 0; } static inline struct sk_buff * tcf_qevent_handle(struct tcf_qevent *qe, struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff *skb, struct sk_buff **to_free, int *ret) { return skb; } static inline int tcf_qevent_dump(struct sk_buff *skb, int attr_name, struct tcf_qevent *qe) { return 0; } #endif struct tc_cls_u32_knode { struct tcf_exts *exts; struct tcf_result *res; struct tc_u32_sel *sel; u32 handle; u32 val; u32 mask; u32 link_handle; u8 fshift; }; struct tc_cls_u32_hnode { u32 handle; u32 prio; unsigned int divisor; }; enum tc_clsu32_command { TC_CLSU32_NEW_KNODE, TC_CLSU32_REPLACE_KNODE, TC_CLSU32_DELETE_KNODE, TC_CLSU32_NEW_HNODE, TC_CLSU32_REPLACE_HNODE, TC_CLSU32_DELETE_HNODE, }; struct tc_cls_u32_offload { struct flow_cls_common_offload common; /* knode values */ enum tc_clsu32_command command; union { struct tc_cls_u32_knode knode; struct tc_cls_u32_hnode hnode; }; }; static inline bool tc_can_offload(const struct net_device *dev) { return dev->features & NETIF_F_HW_TC; } static inline bool tc_can_offload_extack(const struct net_device *dev, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { bool can = tc_can_offload(dev); if (!can) NL_SET_ERR_MSG(extack, "TC offload is disabled on net device"); return can; } static inline bool tc_cls_can_offload_and_chain0(const struct net_device *dev, struct flow_cls_common_offload *common) { if (!tc_can_offload_extack(dev, common->extack)) return false; if (common->chain_index) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG(common->extack, "Driver supports only offload of chain 0"); return false; } return true; } static inline bool tc_skip_hw(u32 flags) { return (flags & TCA_CLS_FLAGS_SKIP_HW) ? true : false; } static inline bool tc_skip_sw(u32 flags) { return (flags & TCA_CLS_FLAGS_SKIP_SW) ? true : false; } /* SKIP_HW and SKIP_SW are mutually exclusive flags. */ static inline bool tc_flags_valid(u32 flags) { if (flags & ~(TCA_CLS_FLAGS_SKIP_HW | TCA_CLS_FLAGS_SKIP_SW | TCA_CLS_FLAGS_VERBOSE)) return false; flags &= TCA_CLS_FLAGS_SKIP_HW | TCA_CLS_FLAGS_SKIP_SW; if (!(flags ^ (TCA_CLS_FLAGS_SKIP_HW | TCA_CLS_FLAGS_SKIP_SW))) return false; return true; } static inline bool tc_in_hw(u32 flags) { return (flags & TCA_CLS_FLAGS_IN_HW) ? true : false; } static inline void tc_cls_common_offload_init(struct flow_cls_common_offload *cls_common, const struct tcf_proto *tp, u32 flags, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { cls_common->chain_index = tp->chain->index; cls_common->protocol = tp->protocol; cls_common->prio = tp->prio >> 16; if (tc_skip_sw(flags) || flags & TCA_CLS_FLAGS_VERBOSE) cls_common->extack = extack; } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_TC_SKB_EXT) static inline struct tc_skb_ext *tc_skb_ext_alloc(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct tc_skb_ext *tc_skb_ext = skb_ext_add(skb, TC_SKB_EXT); if (tc_skb_ext) memset(tc_skb_ext, 0, sizeof(*tc_skb_ext)); return tc_skb_ext; } #endif enum tc_matchall_command { TC_CLSMATCHALL_REPLACE, TC_CLSMATCHALL_DESTROY, TC_CLSMATCHALL_STATS, }; struct tc_cls_matchall_offload { struct flow_cls_common_offload common; enum tc_matchall_command command; struct flow_rule *rule; struct flow_stats stats; unsigned long cookie; }; enum tc_clsbpf_command { TC_CLSBPF_OFFLOAD, TC_CLSBPF_STATS, }; struct tc_cls_bpf_offload { struct flow_cls_common_offload common; enum tc_clsbpf_command command; struct tcf_exts *exts; struct bpf_prog *prog; struct bpf_prog *oldprog; const char *name; bool exts_integrated; }; struct tc_mqprio_qopt_offload { /* struct tc_mqprio_qopt must always be the first element */ struct tc_mqprio_qopt qopt; u16 mode; u16 shaper; u32 flags; u64 min_rate[TC_QOPT_MAX_QUEUE]; u64 max_rate[TC_QOPT_MAX_QUEUE]; }; /* This structure holds cookie structure that is passed from user * to the kernel for actions and classifiers */ struct tc_cookie { u8 *data; u32 len; struct rcu_head rcu; }; struct tc_qopt_offload_stats { struct gnet_stats_basic_packed *bstats; struct gnet_stats_queue *qstats; }; enum tc_mq_command { TC_MQ_CREATE, TC_MQ_DESTROY, TC_MQ_STATS, TC_MQ_GRAFT, }; struct tc_mq_opt_offload_graft_params { unsigned long queue; u32 child_handle; }; struct tc_mq_qopt_offload { enum tc_mq_command command; u32 handle; union { struct tc_qopt_offload_stats stats; struct tc_mq_opt_offload_graft_params graft_params; }; }; enum tc_red_command { TC_RED_REPLACE, TC_RED_DESTROY, TC_RED_STATS, TC_RED_XSTATS, TC_RED_GRAFT, }; struct tc_red_qopt_offload_params { u32 min; u32 max; u32 probability; u32 limit; bool is_ecn; bool is_harddrop; bool is_nodrop; struct gnet_stats_queue *qstats; }; struct tc_red_qopt_offload { enum tc_red_command command; u32 handle; u32 parent; union { struct tc_red_qopt_offload_params set; struct tc_qopt_offload_stats stats; struct red_stats *xstats; u32 child_handle; }; }; enum tc_gred_command { TC_GRED_REPLACE, TC_GRED_DESTROY, TC_GRED_STATS, }; struct tc_gred_vq_qopt_offload_params { bool present; u32 limit; u32 prio; u32 min; u32 max; bool is_ecn; bool is_harddrop; u32 probability; /* Only need backlog, see struct tc_prio_qopt_offload_params */ u32 *backlog; }; struct tc_gred_qopt_offload_params { bool grio_on; bool wred_on; unsigned int dp_cnt; unsigned int dp_def; struct gnet_stats_queue *qstats; struct tc_gred_vq_qopt_offload_params tab[MAX_DPs]; }; struct tc_gred_qopt_offload_stats { struct gnet_stats_basic_packed bstats[MAX_DPs]; struct gnet_stats_queue qstats[MAX_DPs]; struct red_stats *xstats[MAX_DPs]; }; struct tc_gred_qopt_offload { enum tc_gred_command command; u32 handle; u32 parent; union { struct tc_gred_qopt_offload_params set; struct tc_gred_qopt_offload_stats stats; }; }; enum tc_prio_command { TC_PRIO_REPLACE, TC_PRIO_DESTROY, TC_PRIO_STATS, TC_PRIO_GRAFT, }; struct tc_prio_qopt_offload_params { int bands; u8 priomap[TC_PRIO_MAX + 1]; /* At the point of un-offloading the Qdisc, the reported backlog and * qlen need to be reduced by the portion that is in HW. */ struct gnet_stats_queue *qstats; }; struct tc_prio_qopt_offload_graft_params { u8 band; u32 child_handle; }; struct tc_prio_qopt_offload { enum tc_prio_command command; u32 handle; u32 parent; union { struct tc_prio_qopt_offload_params replace_params; struct tc_qopt_offload_stats stats; struct tc_prio_qopt_offload_graft_params graft_params; }; }; enum tc_root_command { TC_ROOT_GRAFT, }; struct tc_root_qopt_offload { enum tc_root_command command; u32 handle; bool ingress; }; enum tc_ets_command { TC_ETS_REPLACE, TC_ETS_DESTROY, TC_ETS_STATS, TC_ETS_GRAFT, }; struct tc_ets_qopt_offload_replace_params { unsigned int bands; u8 priomap[TC_PRIO_MAX + 1]; unsigned int quanta[TCQ_ETS_MAX_BANDS]; /* 0 for strict bands. */ unsigned int weights[TCQ_ETS_MAX_BANDS]; struct gnet_stats_queue *qstats; }; struct tc_ets_qopt_offload_graft_params { u8 band; u32 child_handle; }; struct tc_ets_qopt_offload { enum tc_ets_command command; u32 handle; u32 parent; union { struct tc_ets_qopt_offload_replace_params replace_params; struct tc_qopt_offload_stats stats; struct tc_ets_qopt_offload_graft_params graft_params; }; }; enum tc_tbf_command { TC_TBF_REPLACE, TC_TBF_DESTROY, TC_TBF_STATS, }; struct tc_tbf_qopt_offload_replace_params { struct psched_ratecfg rate; u32 max_size; struct gnet_stats_queue *qstats; }; struct tc_tbf_qopt_offload { enum tc_tbf_command command; u32 handle; u32 parent; union { struct tc_tbf_qopt_offload_replace_params replace_params; struct tc_qopt_offload_stats stats; }; }; enum tc_fifo_command { TC_FIFO_REPLACE, TC_FIFO_DESTROY, TC_FIFO_STATS, }; struct tc_fifo_qopt_offload { enum tc_fifo_command command; u32 handle; u32 parent; union { struct tc_qopt_offload_stats stats; }; }; #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM scsi #if !defined(_TRACE_SCSI_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_SCSI_H #include <scsi/scsi_cmnd.h> #include <scsi/scsi_host.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <linux/trace_seq.h> #define scsi_opcode_name(opcode) { opcode, #opcode } #define show_opcode_name(val) \ __print_symbolic(val, \ scsi_opcode_name(TEST_UNIT_READY), \ scsi_opcode_name(REZERO_UNIT), \ scsi_opcode_name(REQUEST_SENSE), \ scsi_opcode_name(FORMAT_UNIT), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_BLOCK_LIMITS), \ scsi_opcode_name(REASSIGN_BLOCKS), \ scsi_opcode_name(INITIALIZE_ELEMENT_STATUS), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_6), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_6), \ scsi_opcode_name(SEEK_6), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_REVERSE), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_FILEMARKS), \ scsi_opcode_name(SPACE), \ scsi_opcode_name(INQUIRY), \ scsi_opcode_name(RECOVER_BUFFERED_DATA), \ scsi_opcode_name(MODE_SELECT), \ scsi_opcode_name(RESERVE), \ scsi_opcode_name(RELEASE), \ scsi_opcode_name(COPY), \ scsi_opcode_name(ERASE), \ scsi_opcode_name(MODE_SENSE), \ scsi_opcode_name(START_STOP), \ scsi_opcode_name(RECEIVE_DIAGNOSTIC), \ scsi_opcode_name(SEND_DIAGNOSTIC), \ scsi_opcode_name(ALLOW_MEDIUM_REMOVAL), \ scsi_opcode_name(SET_WINDOW), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_CAPACITY), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_10), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_10), \ scsi_opcode_name(SEEK_10), \ scsi_opcode_name(POSITION_TO_ELEMENT), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_VERIFY), \ scsi_opcode_name(VERIFY), \ scsi_opcode_name(SEARCH_HIGH), \ scsi_opcode_name(SEARCH_EQUAL), \ scsi_opcode_name(SEARCH_LOW), \ scsi_opcode_name(SET_LIMITS), \ scsi_opcode_name(PRE_FETCH), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_POSITION), \ scsi_opcode_name(SYNCHRONIZE_CACHE), \ scsi_opcode_name(LOCK_UNLOCK_CACHE), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_DEFECT_DATA), \ scsi_opcode_name(MEDIUM_SCAN), \ scsi_opcode_name(COMPARE), \ scsi_opcode_name(COPY_VERIFY), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_BUFFER), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_BUFFER), \ scsi_opcode_name(UPDATE_BLOCK), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_LONG), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_LONG), \ scsi_opcode_name(CHANGE_DEFINITION), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_SAME), \ scsi_opcode_name(UNMAP), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_TOC), \ scsi_opcode_name(LOG_SELECT), \ scsi_opcode_name(LOG_SENSE), \ scsi_opcode_name(XDWRITEREAD_10), \ scsi_opcode_name(MODE_SELECT_10), \ scsi_opcode_name(RESERVE_10), \ scsi_opcode_name(RELEASE_10), \ scsi_opcode_name(MODE_SENSE_10), \ scsi_opcode_name(PERSISTENT_RESERVE_IN), \ scsi_opcode_name(PERSISTENT_RESERVE_OUT), \ scsi_opcode_name(VARIABLE_LENGTH_CMD), \ scsi_opcode_name(REPORT_LUNS), \ scsi_opcode_name(MAINTENANCE_IN), \ scsi_opcode_name(MAINTENANCE_OUT), \ scsi_opcode_name(MOVE_MEDIUM), \ scsi_opcode_name(EXCHANGE_MEDIUM), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_12), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_12), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_VERIFY_12), \ scsi_opcode_name(SEARCH_HIGH_12), \ scsi_opcode_name(SEARCH_EQUAL_12), \ scsi_opcode_name(SEARCH_LOW_12), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_ELEMENT_STATUS), \ scsi_opcode_name(SEND_VOLUME_TAG), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_LONG_2), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_16), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_16), \ scsi_opcode_name(VERIFY_16), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_SAME_16), \ scsi_opcode_name(ZBC_OUT), \ scsi_opcode_name(ZBC_IN), \ scsi_opcode_name(SERVICE_ACTION_IN_16), \ scsi_opcode_name(READ_32), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_32), \ scsi_opcode_name(WRITE_SAME_32), \ scsi_opcode_name(ATA_16), \ scsi_opcode_name(ATA_12)) #define scsi_hostbyte_name(result) { result, #result } #define show_hostbyte_name(val) \ __print_symbolic(val, \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_OK), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_NO_CONNECT), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_BUS_BUSY), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_TIME_OUT), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_BAD_TARGET), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_ABORT), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_PARITY), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_ERROR), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_RESET), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_BAD_INTR), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_PASSTHROUGH), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_SOFT_ERROR), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_IMM_RETRY), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_REQUEUE), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_TRANSPORT_DISRUPTED), \ scsi_hostbyte_name(DID_TRANSPORT_FAILFAST)) #define scsi_driverbyte_name(result) { result, #result } #define show_driverbyte_name(val) \ __print_symbolic(val, \ scsi_driverbyte_name(DRIVER_OK), \ scsi_driverbyte_name(DRIVER_BUSY), \ scsi_driverbyte_name(DRIVER_SOFT), \ scsi_driverbyte_name(DRIVER_MEDIA), \ scsi_driverbyte_name(DRIVER_ERROR), \ scsi_driverbyte_name(DRIVER_INVALID), \ scsi_driverbyte_name(DRIVER_TIMEOUT), \ scsi_driverbyte_name(DRIVER_HARD), \ scsi_driverbyte_name(DRIVER_SENSE)) #define scsi_msgbyte_name(result) { result, #result } #define show_msgbyte_name(val) \ __print_symbolic(val, \ scsi_msgbyte_name(COMMAND_COMPLETE), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(EXTENDED_MESSAGE), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(SAVE_POINTERS), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(RESTORE_POINTERS), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(DISCONNECT), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(INITIATOR_ERROR), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(ABORT_TASK_SET), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(MESSAGE_REJECT), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(NOP), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(MSG_PARITY_ERROR), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(LINKED_CMD_COMPLETE), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(LINKED_FLG_CMD_COMPLETE), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(TARGET_RESET), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(ABORT_TASK), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(CLEAR_TASK_SET), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(INITIATE_RECOVERY), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(RELEASE_RECOVERY), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(CLEAR_ACA), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(LOGICAL_UNIT_RESET), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(SIMPLE_QUEUE_TAG), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(HEAD_OF_QUEUE_TAG), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(ORDERED_QUEUE_TAG), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(IGNORE_WIDE_RESIDUE), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(ACA), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(QAS_REQUEST), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(BUS_DEVICE_RESET), \ scsi_msgbyte_name(ABORT)) #define scsi_statusbyte_name(result) { result, #result } #define show_statusbyte_name(val) \ __print_symbolic(val, \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_GOOD), \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_CHECK_CONDITION), \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_CONDITION_MET), \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_BUSY), \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_INTERMEDIATE), \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_INTERMEDIATE_CONDITION_MET), \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_RESERVATION_CONFLICT), \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_COMMAND_TERMINATED), \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_TASK_SET_FULL), \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_ACA_ACTIVE), \ scsi_statusbyte_name(SAM_STAT_TASK_ABORTED)) #define scsi_prot_op_name(result) { result, #result } #define show_prot_op_name(val) \ __print_symbolic(val, \ scsi_prot_op_name(SCSI_PROT_NORMAL), \ scsi_prot_op_name(SCSI_PROT_READ_INSERT), \ scsi_prot_op_name(SCSI_PROT_WRITE_STRIP), \ scsi_prot_op_name(SCSI_PROT_READ_STRIP), \ scsi_prot_op_name(SCSI_PROT_WRITE_INSERT), \ scsi_prot_op_name(SCSI_PROT_READ_PASS), \ scsi_prot_op_name(SCSI_PROT_WRITE_PASS)) const char *scsi_trace_parse_cdb(struct trace_seq*, unsigned char*, int); #define __parse_cdb(cdb, len) scsi_trace_parse_cdb(p, cdb, len) TRACE_EVENT(scsi_dispatch_cmd_start, TP_PROTO(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd), TP_ARGS(cmd), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned int, host_no ) __field( unsigned int, channel ) __field( unsigned int, id ) __field( unsigned int, lun ) __field( unsigned int, opcode ) __field( unsigned int, cmd_len ) __field( unsigned int, data_sglen ) __field( unsigned int, prot_sglen ) __field( unsigned char, prot_op ) __dynamic_array(unsigned char, cmnd, cmd->cmd_len) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->host_no = cmd->device->host->host_no; __entry->channel = cmd->device->channel; __entry->id = cmd->device->id; __entry->lun = cmd->device->lun; __entry->opcode = cmd->cmnd[0]; __entry->cmd_len = cmd->cmd_len; __entry->data_sglen = scsi_sg_count(cmd); __entry->prot_sglen = scsi_prot_sg_count(cmd); __entry->prot_op = scsi_get_prot_op(cmd); memcpy(__get_dynamic_array(cmnd), cmd->cmnd, cmd->cmd_len); ), TP_printk("host_no=%u channel=%u id=%u lun=%u data_sgl=%u prot_sgl=%u" \ " prot_op=%s cmnd=(%s %s raw=%s)", __entry->host_no, __entry->channel, __entry->id, __entry->lun, __entry->data_sglen, __entry->prot_sglen, show_prot_op_name(__entry->prot_op), show_opcode_name(__entry->opcode), __parse_cdb(__get_dynamic_array(cmnd), __entry->cmd_len), __print_hex(__get_dynamic_array(cmnd), __entry->cmd_len)) ); TRACE_EVENT(scsi_dispatch_cmd_error, TP_PROTO(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd, int rtn), TP_ARGS(cmd, rtn), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned int, host_no ) __field( unsigned int, channel ) __field( unsigned int, id ) __field( unsigned int, lun ) __field( int, rtn ) __field( unsigned int, opcode ) __field( unsigned int, cmd_len ) __field( unsigned int, data_sglen ) __field( unsigned int, prot_sglen ) __field( unsigned char, prot_op ) __dynamic_array(unsigned char, cmnd, cmd->cmd_len) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->host_no = cmd->device->host->host_no; __entry->channel = cmd->device->channel; __entry->id = cmd->device->id; __entry->lun = cmd->device->lun; __entry->rtn = rtn; __entry->opcode = cmd->cmnd[0]; __entry->cmd_len = cmd->cmd_len; __entry->data_sglen = scsi_sg_count(cmd); __entry->prot_sglen = scsi_prot_sg_count(cmd); __entry->prot_op = scsi_get_prot_op(cmd); memcpy(__get_dynamic_array(cmnd), cmd->cmnd, cmd->cmd_len); ), TP_printk("host_no=%u channel=%u id=%u lun=%u data_sgl=%u prot_sgl=%u" \ " prot_op=%s cmnd=(%s %s raw=%s) rtn=%d", __entry->host_no, __entry->channel, __entry->id, __entry->lun, __entry->data_sglen, __entry->prot_sglen, show_prot_op_name(__entry->prot_op), show_opcode_name(__entry->opcode), __parse_cdb(__get_dynamic_array(cmnd), __entry->cmd_len), __print_hex(__get_dynamic_array(cmnd), __entry->cmd_len), __entry->rtn) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(scsi_cmd_done_timeout_template, TP_PROTO(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd), TP_ARGS(cmd), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned int, host_no ) __field( unsigned int, channel ) __field( unsigned int, id ) __field( unsigned int, lun ) __field( int, result ) __field( unsigned int, opcode ) __field( unsigned int, cmd_len ) __field( unsigned int, data_sglen ) __field( unsigned int, prot_sglen ) __field( unsigned char, prot_op ) __dynamic_array(unsigned char, cmnd, cmd->cmd_len) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->host_no = cmd->device->host->host_no; __entry->channel = cmd->device->channel; __entry->id = cmd->device->id; __entry->lun = cmd->device->lun; __entry->result = cmd->result; __entry->opcode = cmd->cmnd[0]; __entry->cmd_len = cmd->cmd_len; __entry->data_sglen = scsi_sg_count(cmd); __entry->prot_sglen = scsi_prot_sg_count(cmd); __entry->prot_op = scsi_get_prot_op(cmd); memcpy(__get_dynamic_array(cmnd), cmd->cmnd, cmd->cmd_len); ), TP_printk("host_no=%u channel=%u id=%u lun=%u data_sgl=%u " \ "prot_sgl=%u prot_op=%s cmnd=(%s %s raw=%s) result=(driver=" \ "%s host=%s message=%s status=%s)", __entry->host_no, __entry->channel, __entry->id, __entry->lun, __entry->data_sglen, __entry->prot_sglen, show_prot_op_name(__entry->prot_op), show_opcode_name(__entry->opcode), __parse_cdb(__get_dynamic_array(cmnd), __entry->cmd_len), __print_hex(__get_dynamic_array(cmnd), __entry->cmd_len), show_driverbyte_name(((__entry->result) >> 24) & 0xff), show_hostbyte_name(((__entry->result) >> 16) & 0xff), show_msgbyte_name(((__entry->result) >> 8) & 0xff), show_statusbyte_name(__entry->result & 0xff)) ); DEFINE_EVENT(scsi_cmd_done_timeout_template, scsi_dispatch_cmd_done, TP_PROTO(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd), TP_ARGS(cmd)); DEFINE_EVENT(scsi_cmd_done_timeout_template, scsi_dispatch_cmd_timeout, TP_PROTO(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd), TP_ARGS(cmd)); TRACE_EVENT(scsi_eh_wakeup, TP_PROTO(struct Scsi_Host *shost), TP_ARGS(shost), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned int, host_no ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->host_no = shost->host_no; ), TP_printk("host_no=%u", __entry->host_no) ); #endif /* _TRACE_SCSI_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
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5221 5222 5223 5224 5225 5226 5227 5228 5229 5230 5231 5232 5233 5234 5235 5236 5237 5238 5239 5240 5241 5242 5243 5244 5245 5246 5247 5248 5249 5250 5251 5252 5253 5254 5255 5256 5257 5258 5259 5260 5261 5262 5263 5264 5265 5266 5267 5268 5269 5270 5271 5272 5273 5274 5275 5276 5277 5278 5279 5280 5281 5282 5283 5284 5285 5286 5287 5288 5289 5290 5291 5292 5293 5294 5295 5296 5297 5298 5299 5300 5301 5302 5303 5304 5305 5306 5307 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/mm/memory.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994 Linus Torvalds */ /* * demand-loading started 01.12.91 - seems it is high on the list of * things wanted, and it should be easy to implement. - Linus */ /* * Ok, demand-loading was easy, shared pages a little bit tricker. Shared * pages started 02.12.91, seems to work. - Linus. * * Tested sharing by executing about 30 /bin/sh: under the old kernel it * would have taken more than the 6M I have free, but it worked well as * far as I could see. * * Also corrected some "invalidate()"s - I wasn't doing enough of them. */ /* * Real VM (paging to/from disk) started 18.12.91. Much more work and * thought has to go into this. Oh, well.. * 19.12.91 - works, somewhat. Sometimes I get faults, don't know why. * Found it. Everything seems to work now. * 20.12.91 - Ok, making the swap-device changeable like the root. */ /* * 05.04.94 - Multi-page memory management added for v1.1. * Idea by Alex Bligh (alex@cconcepts.co.uk) * * 16.07.99 - Support of BIGMEM added by Gerhard Wichert, Siemens AG * (Gerhard.Wichert@pdb.siemens.de) * * Aug/Sep 2004 Changed to four level page tables (Andi Kleen) */ #include <linux/kernel_stat.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/coredump.h> #include <linux/sched/numa_balancing.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/mman.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/memremap.h> #include <linux/ksm.h> #include <linux/rmap.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/delayacct.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/pfn_t.h> #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/mmu_notifier.h> #include <linux/swapops.h> #include <linux/elf.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/migrate.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/debugfs.h> #include <linux/userfaultfd_k.h> #include <linux/dax.h> #include <linux/oom.h> #include <linux/numa.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <trace/events/kmem.h> #include <asm/io.h> #include <asm/mmu_context.h> #include <asm/pgalloc.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/tlb.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include "pgalloc-track.h" #include "internal.h" #if defined(LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS) && !defined(CONFIG_COMPILE_TEST) #warning Unfortunate NUMA and NUMA Balancing config, growing page-frame for last_cpupid. #endif #ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES /* use the per-pgdat data instead for discontigmem - mbligh */ unsigned long max_mapnr; EXPORT_SYMBOL(max_mapnr); struct page *mem_map; EXPORT_SYMBOL(mem_map); #endif /* * A number of key systems in x86 including ioremap() rely on the assumption * that high_memory defines the upper bound on direct map memory, then end * of ZONE_NORMAL. Under CONFIG_DISCONTIG this means that max_low_pfn and * highstart_pfn must be the same; there must be no gap between ZONE_NORMAL * and ZONE_HIGHMEM. */ void *high_memory; EXPORT_SYMBOL(high_memory); /* * Randomize the address space (stacks, mmaps, brk, etc.). * * ( When CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK=y we exclude brk from randomization, * as ancient (libc5 based) binaries can segfault. ) */ int randomize_va_space __read_mostly = #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK 1; #else 2; #endif #ifndef arch_faults_on_old_pte static inline bool arch_faults_on_old_pte(void) { /* * Those arches which don't have hw access flag feature need to * implement their own helper. By default, "true" means pagefault * will be hit on old pte. */ return true; } #endif static int __init disable_randmaps(char *s) { randomize_va_space = 0; return 1; } __setup("norandmaps", disable_randmaps); unsigned long zero_pfn __read_mostly; EXPORT_SYMBOL(zero_pfn); unsigned long highest_memmap_pfn __read_mostly; /* * CONFIG_MMU architectures set up ZERO_PAGE in their paging_init() */ static int __init init_zero_pfn(void) { zero_pfn = page_to_pfn(ZERO_PAGE(0)); return 0; } early_initcall(init_zero_pfn); void mm_trace_rss_stat(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long count) { trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } #if defined(SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING) void sync_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { int i; for (i = 0; i < NR_MM_COUNTERS; i++) { if (current->rss_stat.count[i]) { add_mm_counter(mm, i, current->rss_stat.count[i]); current->rss_stat.count[i] = 0; } } current->rss_stat.events = 0; } static void add_mm_counter_fast(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, int val) { struct task_struct *task = current; if (likely(task->mm == mm)) task->rss_stat.count[member] += val; else add_mm_counter(mm, member, val); } #define inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) add_mm_counter_fast(mm, member, 1) #define dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) add_mm_counter_fast(mm, member, -1) /* sync counter once per 64 page faults */ #define TASK_RSS_EVENTS_THRESH (64) static void check_sync_rss_stat(struct task_struct *task) { if (unlikely(task != current)) return; if (unlikely(task->rss_stat.events++ > TASK_RSS_EVENTS_THRESH)) sync_mm_rss(task->mm); } #else /* SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING */ #define inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) inc_mm_counter(mm, member) #define dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) dec_mm_counter(mm, member) static void check_sync_rss_stat(struct task_struct *task) { } #endif /* SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING */ /* * Note: this doesn't free the actual pages themselves. That * has been handled earlier when unmapping all the memory regions. */ static void free_pte_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr) { pgtable_t token = pmd_pgtable(*pmd); pmd_clear(pmd); pte_free_tlb(tlb, token, addr); mm_dec_nr_ptes(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_pmd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd)) continue; free_pte_range(tlb, pmd, addr); } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= PUD_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PUD_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, start); pud_clear(pud); pmd_free_tlb(tlb, pmd, start); mm_dec_nr_pmds(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_pud_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) continue; free_pmd_range(tlb, pud, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= P4D_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= P4D_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; pud = pud_offset(p4d, start); p4d_clear(p4d); pud_free_tlb(tlb, pud, start); mm_dec_nr_puds(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_p4d_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) continue; free_pud_range(tlb, p4d, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= PGDIR_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PGDIR_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, start); pgd_clear(pgd); p4d_free_tlb(tlb, p4d, start); } /* * This function frees user-level page tables of a process. */ void free_pgd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; /* * The next few lines have given us lots of grief... * * Why are we testing PMD* at this top level? Because often * there will be no work to do at all, and we'd prefer not to * go all the way down to the bottom just to discover that. * * Why all these "- 1"s? Because 0 represents both the bottom * of the address space and the top of it (using -1 for the * top wouldn't help much: the masks would do the wrong thing). * The rule is that addr 0 and floor 0 refer to the bottom of * the address space, but end 0 and ceiling 0 refer to the top * Comparisons need to use "end - 1" and "ceiling - 1" (though * that end 0 case should be mythical). * * Wherever addr is brought up or ceiling brought down, we must * be careful to reject "the opposite 0" before it confuses the * subsequent tests. But what about where end is brought down * by PMD_SIZE below? no, end can't go down to 0 there. * * Whereas we round start (addr) and ceiling down, by different * masks at different levels, in order to test whether a table * now has no other vmas using it, so can be freed, we don't * bother to round floor or end up - the tests don't need that. */ addr &= PMD_MASK; if (addr < floor) { addr += PMD_SIZE; if (!addr) return; } if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PMD_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) end -= PMD_SIZE; if (addr > end - 1) return; /* * We add page table cache pages with PAGE_SIZE, * (see pte_free_tlb()), flush the tlb if we need */ tlb_change_page_size(tlb, PAGE_SIZE); pgd = pgd_offset(tlb->mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; free_p4d_range(tlb, pgd, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); } void free_pgtables(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { while (vma) { struct vm_area_struct *next = vma->vm_next; unsigned long addr = vma->vm_start; /* * Hide vma from rmap and truncate_pagecache before freeing * pgtables */ unlink_anon_vmas(vma); unlink_file_vma(vma); if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma)) { hugetlb_free_pgd_range(tlb, addr, vma->vm_end, floor, next ? next->vm_start : ceiling); } else { /* * Optimization: gather nearby vmas into one call down */ while (next && next->vm_start <= vma->vm_end + PMD_SIZE && !is_vm_hugetlb_page(next)) { vma = next; next = vma->vm_next; unlink_anon_vmas(vma); unlink_file_vma(vma); } free_pgd_range(tlb, addr, vma->vm_end, floor, next ? next->vm_start : ceiling); } vma = next; } } int __pte_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { spinlock_t *ptl; pgtable_t new = pte_alloc_one(mm); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; /* * Ensure all pte setup (eg. pte page lock and page clearing) are * visible before the pte is made visible to other CPUs by being * put into page tables. * * The other side of the story is the pointer chasing in the page * table walking code (when walking the page table without locking; * ie. most of the time). Fortunately, these data accesses consist * of a chain of data-dependent loads, meaning most CPUs (alpha * being the notable exception) will already guarantee loads are * seen in-order. See the alpha page table accessors for the * smp_rmb() barriers in page table walking code. */ smp_wmb(); /* Could be smp_wmb__xxx(before|after)_spin_lock */ ptl = pmd_lock(mm, pmd); if (likely(pmd_none(*pmd))) { /* Has another populated it ? */ mm_inc_nr_ptes(mm); pmd_populate(mm, pmd, new); new = NULL; } spin_unlock(ptl); if (new) pte_free(mm, new); return 0; } int __pte_alloc_kernel(pmd_t *pmd) { pte_t *new = pte_alloc_one_kernel(&init_mm); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock); if (likely(pmd_none(*pmd))) { /* Has another populated it ? */ pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, pmd, new); new = NULL; } spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock); if (new) pte_free_kernel(&init_mm, new); return 0; } static inline void init_rss_vec(int *rss) { memset(rss, 0, sizeof(int) * NR_MM_COUNTERS); } static inline void add_mm_rss_vec(struct mm_struct *mm, int *rss) { int i; if (current->mm == mm) sync_mm_rss(mm); for (i = 0; i < NR_MM_COUNTERS; i++) if (rss[i]) add_mm_counter(mm, i, rss[i]); } /* * This function is called to print an error when a bad pte * is found. For example, we might have a PFN-mapped pte in * a region that doesn't allow it. * * The calling function must still handle the error. */ static void print_bad_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte, struct page *page) { pgd_t *pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr); p4d_t *p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); pud_t *pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); pmd_t *pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); struct address_space *mapping; pgoff_t index; static unsigned long resume; static unsigned long nr_shown; static unsigned long nr_unshown; /* * Allow a burst of 60 reports, then keep quiet for that minute; * or allow a steady drip of one report per second. */ if (nr_shown == 60) { if (time_before(jiffies, resume)) { nr_unshown++; return; } if (nr_unshown) { pr_alert("BUG: Bad page map: %lu messages suppressed\n", nr_unshown); nr_unshown = 0; } nr_shown = 0; } if (nr_shown++ == 0) resume = jiffies + 60 * HZ; mapping = vma->vm_file ? vma->vm_file->f_mapping : NULL; index = linear_page_index(vma, addr); pr_alert("BUG: Bad page map in process %s pte:%08llx pmd:%08llx\n", current->comm, (long long)pte_val(pte), (long long)pmd_val(*pmd)); if (page) dump_page(page, "bad pte"); pr_alert("addr:%px vm_flags:%08lx anon_vma:%px mapping:%px index:%lx\n", (void *)addr, vma->vm_flags, vma->anon_vma, mapping, index); pr_alert("file:%pD fault:%ps mmap:%ps readpage:%ps\n", vma->vm_file, vma->vm_ops ? vma->vm_ops->fault : NULL, vma->vm_file ? vma->vm_file->f_op->mmap : NULL, mapping ? mapping->a_ops->readpage : NULL); dump_stack(); add_taint(TAINT_BAD_PAGE, LOCKDEP_NOW_UNRELIABLE); } /* * vm_normal_page -- This function gets the "struct page" associated with a pte. * * "Special" mappings do not wish to be associated with a "struct page" (either * it doesn't exist, or it exists but they don't want to touch it). In this * case, NULL is returned here. "Normal" mappings do have a struct page. * * There are 2 broad cases. Firstly, an architecture may define a pte_special() * pte bit, in which case this function is trivial. Secondly, an architecture * may not have a spare pte bit, which requires a more complicated scheme, * described below. * * A raw VM_PFNMAP mapping (ie. one that is not COWed) is always considered a * special mapping (even if there are underlying and valid "struct pages"). * COWed pages of a VM_PFNMAP are always normal. * * The way we recognize COWed pages within VM_PFNMAP mappings is through the * rules set up by "remap_pfn_range()": the vma will have the VM_PFNMAP bit * set, and the vm_pgoff will point to the first PFN mapped: thus every special * mapping will always honor the rule * * pfn_of_page == vma->vm_pgoff + ((addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT) * * And for normal mappings this is false. * * This restricts such mappings to be a linear translation from virtual address * to pfn. To get around this restriction, we allow arbitrary mappings so long * as the vma is not a COW mapping; in that case, we know that all ptes are * special (because none can have been COWed). * * * In order to support COW of arbitrary special mappings, we have VM_MIXEDMAP. * * VM_MIXEDMAP mappings can likewise contain memory with or without "struct * page" backing, however the difference is that _all_ pages with a struct * page (that is, those where pfn_valid is true) are refcounted and considered * normal pages by the VM. The disadvantage is that pages are refcounted * (which can be slower and simply not an option for some PFNMAP users). The * advantage is that we don't have to follow the strict linearity rule of * PFNMAP mappings in order to support COWable mappings. * */ struct page *vm_normal_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte) { unsigned long pfn = pte_pfn(pte); if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL)) { if (likely(!pte_special(pte))) goto check_pfn; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->find_special_page) return vma->vm_ops->find_special_page(vma, addr); if (vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP)) return NULL; if (is_zero_pfn(pfn)) return NULL; if (pte_devmap(pte)) return NULL; print_bad_pte(vma, addr, pte, NULL); return NULL; } /* !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL case follows: */ if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) { if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) return NULL; goto out; } else { unsigned long off; off = (addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn == vma->vm_pgoff + off) return NULL; if (!is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) return NULL; } } if (is_zero_pfn(pfn)) return NULL; check_pfn: if (unlikely(pfn > highest_memmap_pfn)) { print_bad_pte(vma, addr, pte, NULL); return NULL; } /* * NOTE! We still have PageReserved() pages in the page tables. * eg. VDSO mappings can cause them to exist. */ out: return pfn_to_page(pfn); } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE struct page *vm_normal_page_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t pmd) { unsigned long pfn = pmd_pfn(pmd); /* * There is no pmd_special() but there may be special pmds, e.g. * in a direct-access (dax) mapping, so let's just replicate the * !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL case from vm_normal_page() here. */ if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) { if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) return NULL; goto out; } else { unsigned long off; off = (addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn == vma->vm_pgoff + off) return NULL; if (!is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) return NULL; } } if (pmd_devmap(pmd)) return NULL; if (is_huge_zero_pmd(pmd)) return NULL; if (unlikely(pfn > highest_memmap_pfn)) return NULL; /* * NOTE! We still have PageReserved() pages in the page tables. * eg. VDSO mappings can cause them to exist. */ out: return pfn_to_page(pfn); } #endif /* * copy one vm_area from one task to the other. Assumes the page tables * already present in the new task to be cleared in the whole range * covered by this vma. */ static unsigned long copy_nonpresent_pte(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, struct mm_struct *src_mm, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, unsigned long addr, int *rss) { unsigned long vm_flags = dst_vma->vm_flags; pte_t pte = *src_pte; struct page *page; swp_entry_t entry = pte_to_swp_entry(pte); if (likely(!non_swap_entry(entry))) { if (swap_duplicate(entry) < 0) return entry.val; /* make sure dst_mm is on swapoff's mmlist. */ if (unlikely(list_empty(&dst_mm->mmlist))) { spin_lock(&mmlist_lock); if (list_empty(&dst_mm->mmlist)) list_add(&dst_mm->mmlist, &src_mm->mmlist); spin_unlock(&mmlist_lock); } rss[MM_SWAPENTS]++; } else if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { page = migration_entry_to_page(entry); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; if (is_write_migration_entry(entry) && is_cow_mapping(vm_flags)) { /* * COW mappings require pages in both * parent and child to be set to read. */ make_migration_entry_read(&entry); pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry); if (pte_swp_soft_dirty(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mksoft_dirty(pte); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(src_mm, addr, src_pte, pte); } } else if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); /* * Update rss count even for unaddressable pages, as * they should treated just like normal pages in this * respect. * * We will likely want to have some new rss counters * for unaddressable pages, at some point. But for now * keep things as they are. */ get_page(page); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; page_dup_rmap(page, false); /* * We do not preserve soft-dirty information, because so * far, checkpoint/restore is the only feature that * requires that. And checkpoint/restore does not work * when a device driver is involved (you cannot easily * save and restore device driver state). */ if (is_write_device_private_entry(entry) && is_cow_mapping(vm_flags)) { make_device_private_entry_read(&entry); pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(src_mm, addr, src_pte, pte); } } if (!userfaultfd_wp(dst_vma)) pte = pte_swp_clear_uffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(dst_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } /* * Copy a present and normal page if necessary. * * NOTE! The usual case is that this doesn't need to do * anything, and can just return a positive value. That * will let the caller know that it can just increase * the page refcount and re-use the pte the traditional * way. * * But _if_ we need to copy it because it needs to be * pinned in the parent (and the child should get its own * copy rather than just a reference to the same page), * we'll do that here and return zero to let the caller * know we're done. * * And if we need a pre-allocated page but don't yet have * one, return a negative error to let the preallocation * code know so that it can do so outside the page table * lock. */ static inline int copy_present_page(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, unsigned long addr, int *rss, struct page **prealloc, pte_t pte, struct page *page) { struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; struct page *new_page; if (!is_cow_mapping(src_vma->vm_flags)) return 1; /* * What we want to do is to check whether this page may * have been pinned by the parent process. If so, * instead of wrprotect the pte on both sides, we copy * the page immediately so that we'll always guarantee * the pinned page won't be randomly replaced in the * future. * * The page pinning checks are just "has this mm ever * seen pinning", along with the (inexact) check of * the page count. That might give false positives for * for pinning, but it will work correctly. */ if (likely(!atomic_read(&src_mm->has_pinned))) return 1; if (likely(!page_maybe_dma_pinned(page))) return 1; new_page = *prealloc; if (!new_page) return -EAGAIN; /* * We have a prealloc page, all good! Take it * over and copy the page & arm it. */ *prealloc = NULL; copy_user_highpage(new_page, page, addr, src_vma); __SetPageUptodate(new_page); page_add_new_anon_rmap(new_page, dst_vma, addr, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(new_page, dst_vma); rss[mm_counter(new_page)]++; /* All done, just insert the new page copy in the child */ pte = mk_pte(new_page, dst_vma->vm_page_prot); pte = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(pte), dst_vma); if (userfaultfd_pte_wp(dst_vma, *src_pte)) /* Uffd-wp needs to be delivered to dest pte as well */ pte = pte_wrprotect(pte_mkuffd_wp(pte)); set_pte_at(dst_vma->vm_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } /* * Copy one pte. Returns 0 if succeeded, or -EAGAIN if one preallocated page * is required to copy this pte. */ static inline int copy_present_pte(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, unsigned long addr, int *rss, struct page **prealloc) { struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; unsigned long vm_flags = src_vma->vm_flags; pte_t pte = *src_pte; struct page *page; page = vm_normal_page(src_vma, addr, pte); if (page) { int retval; retval = copy_present_page(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pte, src_pte, addr, rss, prealloc, pte, page); if (retval <= 0) return retval; get_page(page); page_dup_rmap(page, false); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; } /* * If it's a COW mapping, write protect it both * in the parent and the child */ if (is_cow_mapping(vm_flags) && pte_write(pte)) { ptep_set_wrprotect(src_mm, addr, src_pte); pte = pte_wrprotect(pte); } /* * If it's a shared mapping, mark it clean in * the child */ if (vm_flags & VM_SHARED) pte = pte_mkclean(pte); pte = pte_mkold(pte); if (!userfaultfd_wp(dst_vma)) pte = pte_clear_uffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(dst_vma->vm_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } static inline struct page * page_copy_prealloc(struct mm_struct *src_mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { struct page *new_page; new_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, addr); if (!new_page) return NULL; if (mem_cgroup_charge(new_page, src_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) { put_page(new_page); return NULL; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(new_page, GFP_KERNEL); return new_page; } static int copy_pte_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pmd_t *dst_pmd, pmd_t *src_pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pte_t *orig_src_pte, *orig_dst_pte; pte_t *src_pte, *dst_pte; spinlock_t *src_ptl, *dst_ptl; int progress, ret = 0; int rss[NR_MM_COUNTERS]; swp_entry_t entry = (swp_entry_t){0}; struct page *prealloc = NULL; again: progress = 0; init_rss_vec(rss); dst_pte = pte_alloc_map_lock(dst_mm, dst_pmd, addr, &dst_ptl); if (!dst_pte) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } src_pte = pte_offset_map(src_pmd, addr); src_ptl = pte_lockptr(src_mm, src_pmd); spin_lock_nested(src_ptl, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING); orig_src_pte = src_pte; orig_dst_pte = dst_pte; arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { /* * We are holding two locks at this point - either of them * could generate latencies in another task on another CPU. */ if (progress >= 32) { progress = 0; if (need_resched() || spin_needbreak(src_ptl) || spin_needbreak(dst_ptl)) break; } if (pte_none(*src_pte)) { progress++; continue; } if (unlikely(!pte_present(*src_pte))) { entry.val = copy_nonpresent_pte(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pte, src_pte, dst_vma, src_vma, addr, rss); if (entry.val) break; progress += 8; continue; } /* copy_present_pte() will clear `*prealloc' if consumed */ ret = copy_present_pte(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pte, src_pte, addr, rss, &prealloc); /* * If we need a pre-allocated page for this pte, drop the * locks, allocate, and try again. */ if (unlikely(ret == -EAGAIN)) break; if (unlikely(prealloc)) { /* * pre-alloc page cannot be reused by next time so as * to strictly follow mempolicy (e.g., alloc_page_vma() * will allocate page according to address). This * could only happen if one pinned pte changed. */ put_page(prealloc); prealloc = NULL; } progress += 8; } while (dst_pte++, src_pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); spin_unlock(src_ptl); pte_unmap(orig_src_pte); add_mm_rss_vec(dst_mm, rss); pte_unmap_unlock(orig_dst_pte, dst_ptl); cond_resched(); if (entry.val) { if (add_swap_count_continuation(entry, GFP_KERNEL) < 0) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } entry.val = 0; } else if (ret) { WARN_ON_ONCE(ret != -EAGAIN); prealloc = page_copy_prealloc(src_mm, src_vma, addr); if (!prealloc) return -ENOMEM; /* We've captured and resolved the error. Reset, try again. */ ret = 0; } if (addr != end) goto again; out: if (unlikely(prealloc)) put_page(prealloc); return ret; } static inline int copy_pmd_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pud_t *dst_pud, pud_t *src_pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pmd_t *src_pmd, *dst_pmd; unsigned long next; dst_pmd = pmd_alloc(dst_mm, dst_pud, addr); if (!dst_pmd) return -ENOMEM; src_pmd = pmd_offset(src_pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (is_swap_pmd(*src_pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*src_pmd) || pmd_devmap(*src_pmd)) { int err; VM_BUG_ON_VMA(next-addr != HPAGE_PMD_SIZE, src_vma); err = copy_huge_pmd(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pmd, src_pmd, addr, dst_vma, src_vma); if (err == -ENOMEM) return -ENOMEM; if (!err) continue; /* fall through */ } if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(src_pmd)) continue; if (copy_pte_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pmd, src_pmd, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_pmd++, src_pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int copy_pud_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, p4d_t *dst_p4d, p4d_t *src_p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pud_t *src_pud, *dst_pud; unsigned long next; dst_pud = pud_alloc(dst_mm, dst_p4d, addr); if (!dst_pud) return -ENOMEM; src_pud = pud_offset(src_p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_trans_huge(*src_pud) || pud_devmap(*src_pud)) { int err; VM_BUG_ON_VMA(next-addr != HPAGE_PUD_SIZE, src_vma); err = copy_huge_pud(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pud, src_pud, addr, src_vma); if (err == -ENOMEM) return -ENOMEM; if (!err) continue; /* fall through */ } if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(src_pud)) continue; if (copy_pmd_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pud, src_pud, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_pud++, src_pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int copy_p4d_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pgd_t *dst_pgd, pgd_t *src_pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; p4d_t *src_p4d, *dst_p4d; unsigned long next; dst_p4d = p4d_alloc(dst_mm, dst_pgd, addr); if (!dst_p4d) return -ENOMEM; src_p4d = p4d_offset(src_pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(src_p4d)) continue; if (copy_pud_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_p4d, src_p4d, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_p4d++, src_p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } int copy_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma) { pgd_t *src_pgd, *dst_pgd; unsigned long next; unsigned long addr = src_vma->vm_start; unsigned long end = src_vma->vm_end; struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; struct mmu_notifier_range range; bool is_cow; int ret; /* * Don't copy ptes where a page fault will fill them correctly. * Fork becomes much lighter when there are big shared or private * readonly mappings. The tradeoff is that copy_page_range is more * efficient than faulting. */ if (!(src_vma->vm_flags & (VM_HUGETLB | VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP)) && !src_vma->anon_vma) return 0; if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(src_vma)) return copy_hugetlb_page_range(dst_mm, src_mm, src_vma); if (unlikely(src_vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) { /* * We do not free on error cases below as remove_vma * gets called on error from higher level routine */ ret = track_pfn_copy(src_vma); if (ret) return ret; } /* * We need to invalidate the secondary MMU mappings only when * there could be a permission downgrade on the ptes of the * parent mm. And a permission downgrade will only happen if * is_cow_mapping() returns true. */ is_cow = is_cow_mapping(src_vma->vm_flags); if (is_cow) { mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_PROTECTION_PAGE, 0, src_vma, src_mm, addr, end); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); /* * Disabling preemption is not needed for the write side, as * the read side doesn't spin, but goes to the mmap_lock. * * Use the raw variant of the seqcount_t write API to avoid * lockdep complaining about preemptibility. */ mmap_assert_write_locked(src_mm); raw_write_seqcount_begin(&src_mm->write_protect_seq); } ret = 0; dst_pgd = pgd_offset(dst_mm, addr); src_pgd = pgd_offset(src_mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(src_pgd)) continue; if (unlikely(copy_p4d_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pgd, src_pgd, addr, next))) { ret = -ENOMEM; break; } } while (dst_pgd++, src_pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (is_cow) { raw_write_seqcount_end(&src_mm->write_protect_seq); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); } return ret; } static unsigned long zap_pte_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { struct mm_struct *mm = tlb->mm; int force_flush = 0; int rss[NR_MM_COUNTERS]; spinlock_t *ptl; pte_t *start_pte; pte_t *pte; swp_entry_t entry; tlb_change_page_size(tlb, PAGE_SIZE); again: init_rss_vec(rss); start_pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); pte = start_pte; flush_tlb_batched_pending(mm); arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { pte_t ptent = *pte; if (pte_none(ptent)) continue; if (need_resched()) break; if (pte_present(ptent)) { struct page *page; page = vm_normal_page(vma, addr, ptent); if (unlikely(details) && page) { /* * unmap_shared_mapping_pages() wants to * invalidate cache without truncating: * unmap shared but keep private pages. */ if (details->check_mapping && details->check_mapping != page_rmapping(page)) continue; } ptent = ptep_get_and_clear_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); tlb_remove_tlb_entry(tlb, pte, addr); if (unlikely(!page)) continue; if (!PageAnon(page)) { if (pte_dirty(ptent)) { force_flush = 1; set_page_dirty(page); } if (pte_young(ptent) && likely(!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SEQ_READ))) mark_page_accessed(page); } rss[mm_counter(page)]--; page_remove_rmap(page, false); if (unlikely(page_mapcount(page) < 0)) print_bad_pte(vma, addr, ptent, page); if (unlikely(__tlb_remove_page(tlb, page))) { force_flush = 1; addr += PAGE_SIZE; break; } continue; } entry = pte_to_swp_entry(ptent); if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { struct page *page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); if (unlikely(details && details->check_mapping)) { /* * unmap_shared_mapping_pages() wants to * invalidate cache without truncating: * unmap shared but keep private pages. */ if (details->check_mapping != page_rmapping(page)) continue; } pte_clear_not_present_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); rss[mm_counter(page)]--; page_remove_rmap(page, false); put_page(page); continue; } /* If details->check_mapping, we leave swap entries. */ if (unlikely(details)) continue; if (!non_swap_entry(entry)) rss[MM_SWAPENTS]--; else if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { struct page *page; page = migration_entry_to_page(entry); rss[mm_counter(page)]--; } if (unlikely(!free_swap_and_cache(entry))) print_bad_pte(vma, addr, ptent, NULL); pte_clear_not_present_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); add_mm_rss_vec(mm, rss); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); /* Do the actual TLB flush before dropping ptl */ if (force_flush) tlb_flush_mmu_tlbonly(tlb); pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, ptl); /* * If we forced a TLB flush (either due to running out of * batch buffers or because we needed to flush dirty TLB * entries before releasing the ptl), free the batched * memory too. Restart if we didn't do everything. */ if (force_flush) { force_flush = 0; tlb_flush_mmu(tlb); } if (addr != end) { cond_resched(); goto again; } return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_pmd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (is_swap_pmd(*pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*pmd) || pmd_devmap(*pmd)) { if (next - addr != HPAGE_PMD_SIZE) __split_huge_pmd(vma, pmd, addr, false, NULL); else if (zap_huge_pmd(tlb, vma, pmd, addr)) goto next; /* fall through */ } else if (details && details->single_page && PageTransCompound(details->single_page) && next - addr == HPAGE_PMD_SIZE && pmd_none(*pmd)) { spinlock_t *ptl = pmd_lock(tlb->mm, pmd); /* * Take and drop THP pmd lock so that we cannot return * prematurely, while zap_huge_pmd() has cleared *pmd, * but not yet decremented compound_mapcount(). */ spin_unlock(ptl); } /* * Here there can be other concurrent MADV_DONTNEED or * trans huge page faults running, and if the pmd is * none or trans huge it can change under us. This is * because MADV_DONTNEED holds the mmap_lock in read * mode. */ if (pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(pmd)) goto next; next = zap_pte_range(tlb, vma, pmd, addr, next, details); next: cond_resched(); } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_pud_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_trans_huge(*pud) || pud_devmap(*pud)) { if (next - addr != HPAGE_PUD_SIZE) { mmap_assert_locked(tlb->mm); split_huge_pud(vma, pud, addr); } else if (zap_huge_pud(tlb, vma, pud, addr)) goto next; /* fall through */ } if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) continue; next = zap_pmd_range(tlb, vma, pud, addr, next, details); next: cond_resched(); } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_p4d_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) continue; next = zap_pud_range(tlb, vma, p4d, addr, next, details); } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } void unmap_page_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; BUG_ON(addr >= end); tlb_start_vma(tlb, vma); pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; next = zap_p4d_range(tlb, vma, pgd, addr, next, details); } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); tlb_end_vma(tlb, vma); } static void unmap_single_vma(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr, struct zap_details *details) { unsigned long start = max(vma->vm_start, start_addr); unsigned long end; if (start >= vma->vm_end) return; end = min(vma->vm_end, end_addr); if (end <= vma->vm_start) return; if (vma->vm_file) uprobe_munmap(vma, start, end); if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) untrack_pfn(vma, 0, 0); if (start != end) { if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))) { /* * It is undesirable to test vma->vm_file as it * should be non-null for valid hugetlb area. * However, vm_file will be NULL in the error * cleanup path of mmap_region. When * hugetlbfs ->mmap method fails, * mmap_region() nullifies vma->vm_file * before calling this function to clean up. * Since no pte has actually been setup, it is * safe to do nothing in this case. */ if (vma->vm_file) { i_mmap_lock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); __unmap_hugepage_range_final(tlb, vma, start, end, NULL); i_mmap_unlock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); } } else unmap_page_range(tlb, vma, start, end, details); } } /** * unmap_vmas - unmap a range of memory covered by a list of vma's * @tlb: address of the caller's struct mmu_gather * @vma: the starting vma * @start_addr: virtual address at which to start unmapping * @end_addr: virtual address at which to end unmapping * * Unmap all pages in the vma list. * * Only addresses between `start' and `end' will be unmapped. * * The VMA list must be sorted in ascending virtual address order. * * unmap_vmas() assumes that the caller will flush the whole unmapped address * range after unmap_vmas() returns. So the only responsibility here is to * ensure that any thus-far unmapped pages are flushed before unmap_vmas() * drops the lock and schedules. */ void unmap_vmas(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_UNMAP, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, start_addr, end_addr); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < end_addr; vma = vma->vm_next) unmap_single_vma(tlb, vma, start_addr, end_addr, NULL); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); } /** * zap_page_range - remove user pages in a given range * @vma: vm_area_struct holding the applicable pages * @start: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * * Caller must protect the VMA list */ void zap_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long size) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; struct mmu_gather tlb; lru_add_drain(); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, start, start + size); tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, vma->vm_mm, start, range.end); update_hiwater_rss(vma->vm_mm); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < range.end; vma = vma->vm_next) unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, start, range.end, NULL); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, start, range.end); } /** * zap_page_range_single - remove user pages in a given range * @vma: vm_area_struct holding the applicable pages * @address: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * @details: details of shared cache invalidation * * The range must fit into one VMA. */ static void zap_page_range_single(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size, struct zap_details *details) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; struct mmu_gather tlb; lru_add_drain(); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, address, address + size); tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, vma->vm_mm, address, range.end); update_hiwater_rss(vma->vm_mm); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, address, range.end, details); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, address, range.end); } /** * zap_vma_ptes - remove ptes mapping the vma * @vma: vm_area_struct holding ptes to be zapped * @address: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * * This function only unmaps ptes assigned to VM_PFNMAP vmas. * * The entire address range must be fully contained within the vma. * */ void zap_vma_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size) { if (address < vma->vm_start || address + size > vma->vm_end || !(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) return; zap_page_range_single(vma, address, size, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(zap_vma_ptes); static pmd_t *walk_to_pmd(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, addr); if (!p4d) return NULL; pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, addr); if (!pud) return NULL; pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr); if (!pmd) return NULL; VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); return pmd; } pte_t *__get_locked_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, spinlock_t **ptl) { pmd_t *pmd = walk_to_pmd(mm, addr); if (!pmd) return NULL; return pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, ptl); } static int validate_page_before_insert(struct page *page) { if (PageAnon(page) || PageSlab(page) || page_has_type(page)) return -EINVAL; flush_dcache_page(page); return 0; } static int insert_page_into_pte_locked(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { if (!pte_none(*pte)) return -EBUSY; /* Ok, finally just insert the thing.. */ get_page(page); inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, mm_counter_file(page)); page_add_file_rmap(page, false); set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, mk_pte(page, prot)); return 0; } /* * This is the old fallback for page remapping. * * For historical reasons, it only allows reserved pages. Only * old drivers should use this, and they needed to mark their * pages reserved for the old functions anyway. */ static int insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; int retval; pte_t *pte; spinlock_t *ptl; retval = validate_page_before_insert(page); if (retval) goto out; retval = -ENOMEM; pte = get_locked_pte(mm, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) goto out; retval = insert_page_into_pte_locked(mm, pte, addr, page, prot); pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl); out: return retval; } #ifdef pte_index static int insert_page_in_batch_locked(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { int err; if (!page_count(page)) return -EINVAL; err = validate_page_before_insert(page); if (err) return err; return insert_page_into_pte_locked(mm, pte, addr, page, prot); } /* insert_pages() amortizes the cost of spinlock operations * when inserting pages in a loop. Arch *must* define pte_index. */ static int insert_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page **pages, unsigned long *num, pgprot_t prot) { pmd_t *pmd = NULL; pte_t *start_pte, *pte; spinlock_t *pte_lock; struct mm_struct *const mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long curr_page_idx = 0; unsigned long remaining_pages_total = *num; unsigned long pages_to_write_in_pmd; int ret; more: ret = -EFAULT; pmd = walk_to_pmd(mm, addr); if (!pmd) goto out; pages_to_write_in_pmd = min_t(unsigned long, remaining_pages_total, PTRS_PER_PTE - pte_index(addr)); /* Allocate the PTE if necessary; takes PMD lock once only. */ ret = -ENOMEM; if (pte_alloc(mm, pmd)) goto out; while (pages_to_write_in_pmd) { int pte_idx = 0; const int batch_size = min_t(int, pages_to_write_in_pmd, 8); start_pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &pte_lock); for (pte = start_pte; pte_idx < batch_size; ++pte, ++pte_idx) { int err = insert_page_in_batch_locked(mm, pte, addr, pages[curr_page_idx], prot); if (unlikely(err)) { pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, pte_lock); ret = err; remaining_pages_total -= pte_idx; goto out; } addr += PAGE_SIZE; ++curr_page_idx; } pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, pte_lock); pages_to_write_in_pmd -= batch_size; remaining_pages_total -= batch_size; } if (remaining_pages_total) goto more; ret = 0; out: *num = remaining_pages_total; return ret; } #endif /* ifdef pte_index */ /** * vm_insert_pages - insert multiple pages into user vma, batching the pmd lock. * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target start user address of these pages * @pages: source kernel pages * @num: in: number of pages to map. out: number of pages that were *not* * mapped. (0 means all pages were successfully mapped). * * Preferred over vm_insert_page() when inserting multiple pages. * * In case of error, we may have mapped a subset of the provided * pages. It is the caller's responsibility to account for this case. * * The same restrictions apply as in vm_insert_page(). */ int vm_insert_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page **pages, unsigned long *num) { #ifdef pte_index const unsigned long end_addr = addr + (*num * PAGE_SIZE) - 1; if (addr < vma->vm_start || end_addr >= vma->vm_end) return -EFAULT; if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP)) { BUG_ON(mmap_read_trylock(vma->vm_mm)); BUG_ON(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP); vma->vm_flags |= VM_MIXEDMAP; } /* Defer page refcount checking till we're about to map that page. */ return insert_pages(vma, addr, pages, num, vma->vm_page_prot); #else unsigned long idx = 0, pgcount = *num; int err = -EINVAL; for (; idx < pgcount; ++idx) { err = vm_insert_page(vma, addr + (PAGE_SIZE * idx), pages[idx]); if (err) break; } *num = pgcount - idx; return err; #endif /* ifdef pte_index */ } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_pages); /** * vm_insert_page - insert single page into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @page: source kernel page * * This allows drivers to insert individual pages they've allocated * into a user vma. * * The page has to be a nice clean _individual_ kernel allocation. * If you allocate a compound page, you need to have marked it as * such (__GFP_COMP), or manually just split the page up yourself * (see split_page()). * * NOTE! Traditionally this was done with "remap_pfn_range()" which * took an arbitrary page protection parameter. This doesn't allow * that. Your vma protection will have to be set up correctly, which * means that if you want a shared writable mapping, you'd better * ask for a shared writable mapping! * * The page does not need to be reserved. * * Usually this function is called from f_op->mmap() handler * under mm->mmap_lock write-lock, so it can change vma->vm_flags. * Caller must set VM_MIXEDMAP on vma if it wants to call this * function from other places, for example from page-fault handler. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int vm_insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page *page) { if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return -EFAULT; if (!page_count(page)) return -EINVAL; if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP)) { BUG_ON(mmap_read_trylock(vma->vm_mm)); BUG_ON(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP); vma->vm_flags |= VM_MIXEDMAP; } return insert_page(vma, addr, page, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_page); /* * __vm_map_pages - maps range of kernel pages into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * @offset: user's requested vm_pgoff * * This allows drivers to map range of kernel pages into a user vma. * * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ static int __vm_map_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num, unsigned long offset) { unsigned long count = vma_pages(vma); unsigned long uaddr = vma->vm_start; int ret, i; /* Fail if the user requested offset is beyond the end of the object */ if (offset >= num) return -ENXIO; /* Fail if the user requested size exceeds available object size */ if (count > num - offset) return -ENXIO; for (i = 0; i < count; i++) { ret = vm_insert_page(vma, uaddr, pages[offset + i]); if (ret < 0) return ret; uaddr += PAGE_SIZE; } return 0; } /** * vm_map_pages - maps range of kernel pages starts with non zero offset * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * * Maps an object consisting of @num pages, catering for the user's * requested vm_pgoff * * If we fail to insert any page into the vma, the function will return * immediately leaving any previously inserted pages present. Callers * from the mmap handler may immediately return the error as their caller * will destroy the vma, removing any successfully inserted pages. Other * callers should make their own arrangements for calling unmap_region(). * * Context: Process context. Called by mmap handlers. * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ int vm_map_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num) { return __vm_map_pages(vma, pages, num, vma->vm_pgoff); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_map_pages); /** * vm_map_pages_zero - map range of kernel pages starts with zero offset * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * * Similar to vm_map_pages(), except that it explicitly sets the offset * to 0. This function is intended for the drivers that did not consider * vm_pgoff. * * Context: Process context. Called by mmap handlers. * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ int vm_map_pages_zero(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num) { return __vm_map_pages(vma, pages, num, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_map_pages_zero); static vm_fault_t insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t prot, bool mkwrite) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; pte_t *pte, entry; spinlock_t *ptl; pte = get_locked_pte(mm, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (!pte_none(*pte)) { if (mkwrite) { /* * For read faults on private mappings the PFN passed * in may not match the PFN we have mapped if the * mapped PFN is a writeable COW page. In the mkwrite * case we are creating a writable PTE for a shared * mapping and we expect the PFNs to match. If they * don't match, we are likely racing with block * allocation and mapping invalidation so just skip the * update. */ if (pte_pfn(*pte) != pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn)) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(*pte))); goto out_unlock; } entry = pte_mkyoung(*pte); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, addr, pte, entry, 1)) update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, pte); } goto out_unlock; } /* Ok, finally just insert the thing.. */ if (pfn_t_devmap(pfn)) entry = pte_mkdevmap(pfn_t_pte(pfn, prot)); else entry = pte_mkspecial(pfn_t_pte(pfn, prot)); if (mkwrite) { entry = pte_mkyoung(entry); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); } set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, entry); update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, pte); /* XXX: why not for insert_page? */ out_unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } /** * vmf_insert_pfn_prot - insert single pfn into user vma with specified pgprot * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * @pgprot: pgprot flags for the inserted page * * This is exactly like vmf_insert_pfn(), except that it allows drivers * to override pgprot on a per-page basis. * * This only makes sense for IO mappings, and it makes no sense for * COW mappings. In general, using multiple vmas is preferable; * vmf_insert_pfn_prot should only be used if using multiple VMAs is * impractical. * * See vmf_insert_mixed_prot() for a discussion of the implication of using * a value of @pgprot different from that of @vma->vm_page_prot. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t pgprot) { /* * Technically, architectures with pte_special can avoid all these * restrictions (same for remap_pfn_range). However we would like * consistency in testing and feature parity among all, so we should * try to keep these invariants in place for everybody. */ BUG_ON(!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP)) == (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP)); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP) && is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) && pfn_valid(pfn)); if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn, pgprot)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; track_pfn_insert(vma, &pgprot, __pfn_to_pfn_t(pfn, PFN_DEV)); return insert_pfn(vma, addr, __pfn_to_pfn_t(pfn, PFN_DEV), pgprot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_pfn_prot); /** * vmf_insert_pfn - insert single pfn into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * * Similar to vm_insert_page, this allows drivers to insert individual pages * they've allocated into a user vma. Same comments apply. * * This function should only be called from a vm_ops->fault handler, and * in that case the handler should return the result of this function. * * vma cannot be a COW mapping. * * As this is called only for pages that do not currently exist, we * do not need to flush old virtual caches or the TLB. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn) { return vmf_insert_pfn_prot(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_pfn); static bool vm_mixed_ok(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pfn_t pfn) { /* these checks mirror the abort conditions in vm_normal_page */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) return true; if (pfn_t_devmap(pfn)) return true; if (pfn_t_special(pfn)) return true; if (is_zero_pfn(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn))) return true; return false; } static vm_fault_t __vm_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot, bool mkwrite) { int err; BUG_ON(!vm_mixed_ok(vma, pfn)); if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; track_pfn_insert(vma, &pgprot, pfn); if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn), pgprot)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; /* * If we don't have pte special, then we have to use the pfn_valid() * based VM_MIXEDMAP scheme (see vm_normal_page), and thus we *must* * refcount the page if pfn_valid is true (hence insert_page rather * than insert_pfn). If a zero_pfn were inserted into a VM_MIXEDMAP * without pte special, it would there be refcounted as a normal page. */ if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL) && !pfn_t_devmap(pfn) && pfn_t_valid(pfn)) { struct page *page; /* * At this point we are committed to insert_page() * regardless of whether the caller specified flags that * result in pfn_t_has_page() == false. */ page = pfn_to_page(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn)); err = insert_page(vma, addr, page, pgprot); } else { return insert_pfn(vma, addr, pfn, pgprot, mkwrite); } if (err == -ENOMEM) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (err < 0 && err != -EBUSY) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } /** * vmf_insert_mixed_prot - insert single pfn into user vma with specified pgprot * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * @pgprot: pgprot flags for the inserted page * * This is exactly like vmf_insert_mixed(), except that it allows drivers * to override pgprot on a per-page basis. * * Typically this function should be used by drivers to set caching- and * encryption bits different than those of @vma->vm_page_prot, because * the caching- or encryption mode may not be known at mmap() time. * This is ok as long as @vma->vm_page_prot is not used by the core vm * to set caching and encryption bits for those vmas (except for COW pages). * This is ensured by core vm only modifying these page table entries using * functions that don't touch caching- or encryption bits, using pte_modify() * if needed. (See for example mprotect()). * Also when new page-table entries are created, this is only done using the * fault() callback, and never using the value of vma->vm_page_prot, * except for page-table entries that point to anonymous pages as the result * of COW. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, pgprot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed_prot); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed); /* * If the insertion of PTE failed because someone else already added a * different entry in the mean time, we treat that as success as we assume * the same entry was actually inserted. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite); /* * maps a range of physical memory into the requested pages. the old * mappings are removed. any references to nonexistent pages results * in null mappings (currently treated as "copy-on-access") */ static int remap_pte_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pte_t *pte, *mapped_pte; spinlock_t *ptl; int err = 0; mapped_pte = pte = pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return -ENOMEM; arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { BUG_ON(!pte_none(*pte)); if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn, prot)) { err = -EACCES; break; } set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, pte_mkspecial(pfn_pte(pfn, prot))); pfn++; } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); pte_unmap_unlock(mapped_pte, ptl); return err; } static inline int remap_pmd_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr); if (!pmd) return -ENOMEM; VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pte_range(mm, pmd, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int remap_pud_range(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, addr); if (!pud) return -ENOMEM; do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pmd_range(mm, pud, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int remap_p4d_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, addr); if (!p4d) return -ENOMEM; do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pud_range(mm, p4d, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } /** * remap_pfn_range - remap kernel memory to userspace * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target page aligned user address to start at * @pfn: page frame number of kernel physical memory address * @size: size of mapping area * @prot: page protection flags for this mapping * * Note: this is only safe if the mm semaphore is held when called. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int remap_pfn_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; unsigned long end = addr + PAGE_ALIGN(size); struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long remap_pfn = pfn; int err; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!PAGE_ALIGNED(addr))) return -EINVAL; /* * Physically remapped pages are special. Tell the * rest of the world about it: * VM_IO tells people not to look at these pages * (accesses can have side effects). * VM_PFNMAP tells the core MM that the base pages are just * raw PFN mappings, and do not have a "struct page" associated * with them. * VM_DONTEXPAND * Disable vma merging and expanding with mremap(). * VM_DONTDUMP * Omit vma from core dump, even when VM_IO turned off. * * There's a horrible special case to handle copy-on-write * behaviour that some programs depend on. We mark the "original" * un-COW'ed pages by matching them up with "vma->vm_pgoff". * See vm_normal_page() for details. */ if (is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) { if (addr != vma->vm_start || end != vma->vm_end) return -EINVAL; vma->vm_pgoff = pfn; } err = track_pfn_remap(vma, &prot, remap_pfn, addr, PAGE_ALIGN(size)); if (err) return -EINVAL; vma->vm_flags |= VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP | VM_DONTEXPAND | VM_DONTDUMP; BUG_ON(addr >= end); pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); flush_cache_range(vma, addr, end); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_p4d_range(mm, pgd, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) break; } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (err) untrack_pfn(vma, remap_pfn, PAGE_ALIGN(size)); return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(remap_pfn_range); /** * vm_iomap_memory - remap memory to userspace * @vma: user vma to map to * @start: start of the physical memory to be mapped * @len: size of area * * This is a simplified io_remap_pfn_range() for common driver use. The * driver just needs to give us the physical memory range to be mapped, * we'll figure out the rest from the vma information. * * NOTE! Some drivers might want to tweak vma->vm_page_prot first to get * whatever write-combining details or similar. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int vm_iomap_memory(struct vm_area_struct *vma, phys_addr_t start, unsigned long len) { unsigned long vm_len, pfn, pages; /* Check that the physical memory area passed in looks valid */ if (start + len < start) return -EINVAL; /* * You *really* shouldn't map things that aren't page-aligned, * but we've historically allowed it because IO memory might * just have smaller alignment. */ len += start & ~PAGE_MASK; pfn = start >> PAGE_SHIFT; pages = (len + ~PAGE_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn + pages < pfn) return -EINVAL; /* We start the mapping 'vm_pgoff' pages into the area */ if (vma->vm_pgoff > pages) return -EINVAL; pfn += vma->vm_pgoff; pages -= vma->vm_pgoff; /* Can we fit all of the mapping? */ vm_len = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start; if (vm_len >> PAGE_SHIFT > pages) return -EINVAL; /* Ok, let it rip */ return io_remap_pfn_range(vma, vma->vm_start, pfn, vm_len, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_iomap_memory); static int apply_to_pte_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pte_t *pte; int err = 0; spinlock_t *ptl; if (create) { pte = (mm == &init_mm) ? pte_alloc_kernel_track(pmd, addr, mask) : pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return -ENOMEM; } else { pte = (mm == &init_mm) ? pte_offset_kernel(pmd, addr) : pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); } BUG_ON(pmd_huge(*pmd)); arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); if (fn) { do { if (create || !pte_none(*pte)) { err = fn(pte++, addr, data); if (err) break; } } while (addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); } *mask |= PGTBL_PTE_MODIFIED; arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); if (mm != &init_mm) pte_unmap_unlock(pte-1, ptl); return err; } static int apply_to_pmd_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; int err = 0; BUG_ON(pud_huge(*pud)); if (create) { pmd = pmd_alloc_track(mm, pud, addr, mask); if (!pmd) return -ENOMEM; } else { pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); } do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd)) { err = apply_to_pte_range(mm, pmd, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int apply_to_pud_range(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; int err = 0; if (create) { pud = pud_alloc_track(mm, p4d, addr, mask); if (!pud) return -ENOMEM; } else { pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); } do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) { err = apply_to_pmd_range(mm, pud, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int apply_to_p4d_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; int err = 0; if (create) { p4d = p4d_alloc_track(mm, pgd, addr, mask); if (!p4d) return -ENOMEM; } else { p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); } do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) { err = apply_to_pud_range(mm, p4d, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int __apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long start = addr, next; unsigned long end = addr + size; pgtbl_mod_mask mask = 0; int err = 0; if (WARN_ON(addr >= end)) return -EINVAL; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (!create && pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; err = apply_to_p4d_range(mm, pgd, addr, next, fn, data, create, &mask); if (err) break; } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (mask & ARCH_PAGE_TABLE_SYNC_MASK) arch_sync_kernel_mappings(start, start + size); return err; } /* * Scan a region of virtual memory, filling in page tables as necessary * and calling a provided function on each leaf page table. */ int apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data) { return __apply_to_page_range(mm, addr, size, fn, data, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(apply_to_page_range); /* * Scan a region of virtual memory, calling a provided function on * each leaf page table where it exists. * * Unlike apply_to_page_range, this does _not_ fill in page tables * where they are absent. */ int apply_to_existing_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data) { return __apply_to_page_range(mm, addr, size, fn, data, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(apply_to_existing_page_range); /* * handle_pte_fault chooses page fault handler according to an entry which was * read non-atomically. Before making any commitment, on those architectures * or configurations (e.g. i386 with PAE) which might give a mix of unmatched * parts, do_swap_page must check under lock before unmapping the pte and * proceeding (but do_wp_page is only called after already making such a check; * and do_anonymous_page can safely check later on). */ static inline int pte_unmap_same(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, pte_t *page_table, pte_t orig_pte) { int same = 1; #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) if (sizeof(pte_t) > sizeof(unsigned long)) { spinlock_t *ptl = pte_lockptr(mm, pmd); spin_lock(ptl); same = pte_same(*page_table, orig_pte); spin_unlock(ptl); } #endif pte_unmap(page_table); return same; } static inline bool cow_user_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, struct vm_fault *vmf) { bool ret; void *kaddr; void __user *uaddr; bool locked = false; struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long addr = vmf->address; if (likely(src)) { copy_user_highpage(dst, src, addr, vma); return true; } /* * If the source page was a PFN mapping, we don't have * a "struct page" for it. We do a best-effort copy by * just copying from the original user address. If that * fails, we just zero-fill it. Live with it. */ kaddr = kmap_atomic(dst); uaddr = (void __user *)(addr & PAGE_MASK); /* * On architectures with software "accessed" bits, we would * take a double page fault, so mark it accessed here. */ if (arch_faults_on_old_pte() && !pte_young(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte_t entry; vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, addr, &vmf->ptl); locked = true; if (!likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { /* * Other thread has already handled the fault * and update local tlb only */ update_mmu_tlb(vma, addr, vmf->pte); ret = false; goto pte_unlock; } entry = pte_mkyoung(vmf->orig_pte); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, addr, vmf->pte, entry, 0)) update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, vmf->pte); } /* * This really shouldn't fail, because the page is there * in the page tables. But it might just be unreadable, * in which case we just give up and fill the result with * zeroes. */ if (__copy_from_user_inatomic(kaddr, uaddr, PAGE_SIZE)) { if (locked) goto warn; /* Re-validate under PTL if the page is still mapped */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, addr, &vmf->ptl); locked = true; if (!likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { /* The PTE changed under us, update local tlb */ update_mmu_tlb(vma, addr, vmf->pte); ret = false; goto pte_unlock; } /* * The same page can be mapped back since last copy attempt. * Try to copy again under PTL. */ if (__copy_from_user_inatomic(kaddr, uaddr, PAGE_SIZE)) { /* * Give a warn in case there can be some obscure * use-case */ warn: WARN_ON_ONCE(1); clear_page(kaddr); } } ret = true; pte_unlock: if (locked) pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); kunmap_atomic(kaddr); flush_dcache_page(dst); return ret; } static gfp_t __get_fault_gfp_mask(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct file *vm_file = vma->vm_file; if (vm_file) return mapping_gfp_mask(vm_file->f_mapping) | __GFP_FS | __GFP_IO; /* * Special mappings (e.g. VDSO) do not have any file so fake * a default GFP_KERNEL for them. */ return GFP_KERNEL; } /* * Notify the address space that the page is about to become writable so that * it can prohibit this or wait for the page to get into an appropriate state. * * We do this without the lock held, so that it can sleep if it needs to. */ static vm_fault_t do_page_mkwrite(struct vm_fault *vmf) { vm_fault_t ret; struct page *page = vmf->page; unsigned int old_flags = vmf->flags; vmf->flags = FAULT_FLAG_WRITE|FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE; if (vmf->vma->vm_file && IS_SWAPFILE(vmf->vma->vm_file->f_mapping->host)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite(vmf); /* Restore original flags so that caller is not surprised */ vmf->flags = old_flags; if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE))) return ret; if (unlikely(!(ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED))) { lock_page(page); if (!page->mapping) { unlock_page(page); return 0; /* retry */ } ret |= VM_FAULT_LOCKED; } else VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page), page); return ret; } /* * Handle dirtying of a page in shared file mapping on a write fault. * * The function expects the page to be locked and unlocks it. */ static vm_fault_t fault_dirty_shared_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct address_space *mapping; struct page *page = vmf->page; bool dirtied; bool page_mkwrite = vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite; dirtied = set_page_dirty(page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageAnon(page), page); /* * Take a local copy of the address_space - page.mapping may be zeroed * by truncate after unlock_page(). The address_space itself remains * pinned by vma->vm_file's reference. We rely on unlock_page()'s * release semantics to prevent the compiler from undoing this copying. */ mapping = page_rmapping(page); unlock_page(page); if (!page_mkwrite) file_update_time(vma->vm_file); /* * Throttle page dirtying rate down to writeback speed. * * mapping may be NULL here because some device drivers do not * set page.mapping but still dirty their pages * * Drop the mmap_lock before waiting on IO, if we can. The file * is pinning the mapping, as per above. */ if ((dirtied || page_mkwrite) && mapping) { struct file *fpin; fpin = maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(vmf, NULL); balance_dirty_pages_ratelimited(mapping); if (fpin) { fput(fpin); return VM_FAULT_RETRY; } } return 0; } /* * Handle write page faults for pages that can be reused in the current vma * * This can happen either due to the mapping being with the VM_SHARED flag, * or due to us being the last reference standing to the page. In either * case, all we need to do here is to mark the page as writable and update * any related book-keeping. */ static inline void wp_page_reuse(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = vmf->page; pte_t entry; /* * Clear the pages cpupid information as the existing * information potentially belongs to a now completely * unrelated process. */ if (page) page_cpupid_xchg_last(page, (1 << LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT) - 1); flush_cache_page(vma, vmf->address, pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte)); entry = pte_mkyoung(vmf->orig_pte); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry, 1)) update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); count_vm_event(PGREUSE); } /* * Handle the case of a page which we actually need to copy to a new page. * * Called with mmap_lock locked and the old page referenced, but * without the ptl held. * * High level logic flow: * * - Allocate a page, copy the content of the old page to the new one. * - Handle book keeping and accounting - cgroups, mmu-notifiers, etc. * - Take the PTL. If the pte changed, bail out and release the allocated page * - If the pte is still the way we remember it, update the page table and all * relevant references. This includes dropping the reference the page-table * held to the old page, as well as updating the rmap. * - In any case, unlock the PTL and drop the reference we took to the old page. */ static vm_fault_t wp_page_copy(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; struct page *old_page = vmf->page; struct page *new_page = NULL; pte_t entry; int page_copied = 0; struct mmu_notifier_range range; if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) goto oom; if (is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte))) { new_page = alloc_zeroed_user_highpage_movable(vma, vmf->address); if (!new_page) goto oom; } else { new_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (!new_page) goto oom; if (!cow_user_page(new_page, old_page, vmf)) { /* * COW failed, if the fault was solved by other, * it's fine. If not, userspace would re-fault on * the same address and we will handle the fault * from the second attempt. */ put_page(new_page); if (old_page) put_page(old_page); return 0; } } if (mem_cgroup_charge(new_page, mm, GFP_KERNEL)) goto oom_free_new; cgroup_throttle_swaprate(new_page, GFP_KERNEL); __SetPageUptodate(new_page); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, mm, vmf->address & PAGE_MASK, (vmf->address & PAGE_MASK) + PAGE_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); /* * Re-check the pte - we dropped the lock */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { if (old_page) { if (!PageAnon(old_page)) { dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, mm_counter_file(old_page)); inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, MM_ANONPAGES); } } else { inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, MM_ANONPAGES); } flush_cache_page(vma, vmf->address, pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte)); entry = mk_pte(new_page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); /* * Clear the pte entry and flush it first, before updating the * pte with the new entry. This will avoid a race condition * seen in the presence of one thread doing SMC and another * thread doing COW. */ ptep_clear_flush_notify(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); page_add_new_anon_rmap(new_page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(new_page, vma); /* * We call the notify macro here because, when using secondary * mmu page tables (such as kvm shadow page tables), we want the * new page to be mapped directly into the secondary page table. */ set_pte_at_notify(mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); if (old_page) { /* * Only after switching the pte to the new page may * we remove the mapcount here. Otherwise another * process may come and find the rmap count decremented * before the pte is switched to the new page, and * "reuse" the old page writing into it while our pte * here still points into it and can be read by other * threads. * * The critical issue is to order this * page_remove_rmap with the ptp_clear_flush above. * Those stores are ordered by (if nothing else,) * the barrier present in the atomic_add_negative * in page_remove_rmap. * * Then the TLB flush in ptep_clear_flush ensures that * no process can access the old page before the * decremented mapcount is visible. And the old page * cannot be reused until after the decremented * mapcount is visible. So transitively, TLBs to * old page will be flushed before it can be reused. */ page_remove_rmap(old_page, false); } /* Free the old page.. */ new_page = old_page; page_copied = 1; } else { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); } if (new_page) put_page(new_page); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); /* * No need to double call mmu_notifier->invalidate_range() callback as * the above ptep_clear_flush_notify() did already call it. */ mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_only_end(&range); if (old_page) { /* * Don't let another task, with possibly unlocked vma, * keep the mlocked page. */ if (page_copied && (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED)) { lock_page(old_page); /* LRU manipulation */ if (PageMlocked(old_page)) munlock_vma_page(old_page); unlock_page(old_page); } put_page(old_page); } return page_copied ? VM_FAULT_WRITE : 0; oom_free_new: put_page(new_page); oom: if (old_page) put_page(old_page); return VM_FAULT_OOM; } /** * finish_mkwrite_fault - finish page fault for a shared mapping, making PTE * writeable once the page is prepared * * @vmf: structure describing the fault * * This function handles all that is needed to finish a write page fault in a * shared mapping due to PTE being read-only once the mapped page is prepared. * It handles locking of PTE and modifying it. * * The function expects the page to be locked or other protection against * concurrent faults / writeback (such as DAX radix tree locks). * * Return: %VM_FAULT_WRITE on success, %0 when PTE got changed before * we acquired PTE lock. */ vm_fault_t finish_mkwrite_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); /* * We might have raced with another page fault while we released the * pte_offset_map_lock. */ if (!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte)) { update_mmu_tlb(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } wp_page_reuse(vmf); return 0; } /* * Handle write page faults for VM_MIXEDMAP or VM_PFNMAP for a VM_SHARED * mapping */ static vm_fault_t wp_pfn_shared(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->pfn_mkwrite) { vm_fault_t ret; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); vmf->flags |= FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE; ret = vma->vm_ops->pfn_mkwrite(vmf); if (ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)) return ret; return finish_mkwrite_fault(vmf); } wp_page_reuse(vmf); return VM_FAULT_WRITE; } static vm_fault_t wp_page_shared(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret = VM_FAULT_WRITE; get_page(vmf->page); if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite) { vm_fault_t tmp; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); tmp = do_page_mkwrite(vmf); if (unlikely(!tmp || (tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)))) { put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } tmp = finish_mkwrite_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE))) { unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } } else { wp_page_reuse(vmf); lock_page(vmf->page); } ret |= fault_dirty_shared_page(vmf); put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } /* * This routine handles present pages, when users try to write * to a shared page. It is done by copying the page to a new address * and decrementing the shared-page counter for the old page. * * Note that this routine assumes that the protection checks have been * done by the caller (the low-level page fault routine in most cases). * Thus we can safely just mark it writable once we've done any necessary * COW. * * We also mark the page dirty at this point even though the page will * change only once the write actually happens. This avoids a few races, * and potentially makes it more efficient. * * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), with pte both mapped and locked. * We return with mmap_lock still held, but pte unmapped and unlocked. */ static vm_fault_t do_wp_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (userfaultfd_pte_wp(vma, *vmf->pte)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_WP); } /* * Userfaultfd write-protect can defer flushes. Ensure the TLB * is flushed in this case before copying. */ if (unlikely(userfaultfd_wp(vmf->vma) && mm_tlb_flush_pending(vmf->vma->vm_mm))) flush_tlb_page(vmf->vma, vmf->address); vmf->page = vm_normal_page(vma, vmf->address, vmf->orig_pte); if (!vmf->page) { /* * VM_MIXEDMAP !pfn_valid() case, or VM_SOFTDIRTY clear on a * VM_PFNMAP VMA. * * We should not cow pages in a shared writeable mapping. * Just mark the pages writable and/or call ops->pfn_mkwrite. */ if ((vma->vm_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) == (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) return wp_pfn_shared(vmf); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return wp_page_copy(vmf); } /* * Take out anonymous pages first, anonymous shared vmas are * not dirty accountable. */ if (PageAnon(vmf->page)) { struct page *page = vmf->page; /* PageKsm() doesn't necessarily raise the page refcount */ if (PageKsm(page) || page_count(page) != 1) goto copy; if (!trylock_page(page)) goto copy; if (PageKsm(page) || page_mapcount(page) != 1 || page_count(page) != 1) { unlock_page(page); goto copy; } /* * Ok, we've got the only map reference, and the only * page count reference, and the page is locked, * it's dark out, and we're wearing sunglasses. Hit it. */ unlock_page(page); wp_page_reuse(vmf); return VM_FAULT_WRITE; } else if (unlikely((vma->vm_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) == (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED))) { return wp_page_shared(vmf); } copy: /* * Ok, we need to copy. Oh, well.. */ get_page(vmf->page); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return wp_page_copy(vmf); } static void unmap_mapping_range_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr, struct zap_details *details) { zap_page_range_single(vma, start_addr, end_addr - start_addr, details); } static inline void unmap_mapping_range_tree(struct rb_root_cached *root, struct zap_details *details) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; pgoff_t vba, vea, zba, zea; vma_interval_tree_foreach(vma, root, details->first_index, details->last_index) { vba = vma->vm_pgoff; vea = vba + vma_pages(vma) - 1; zba = details->first_index; if (zba < vba) zba = vba; zea = details->last_index; if (zea > vea) zea = vea; unmap_mapping_range_vma(vma, ((zba - vba) << PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_start, ((zea - vba + 1) << PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_start, details); } } /** * unmap_mapping_page() - Unmap single page from processes. * @page: The locked page to be unmapped. * * Unmap this page from any userspace process which still has it mmaped. * Typically, for efficiency, the range of nearby pages has already been * unmapped by unmap_mapping_pages() or unmap_mapping_range(). But once * truncation or invalidation holds the lock on a page, it may find that * the page has been remapped again: and then uses unmap_mapping_page() * to unmap it finally. */ void unmap_mapping_page(struct page *page) { struct address_space *mapping = page->mapping; struct zap_details details = { }; VM_BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page)); VM_BUG_ON(PageTail(page)); details.check_mapping = mapping; details.first_index = page->index; details.last_index = page->index + thp_nr_pages(page) - 1; details.single_page = page; i_mmap_lock_write(mapping); if (unlikely(!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root))) unmap_mapping_range_tree(&mapping->i_mmap, &details); i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); } /** * unmap_mapping_pages() - Unmap pages from processes. * @mapping: The address space containing pages to be unmapped. * @start: Index of first page to be unmapped. * @nr: Number of pages to be unmapped. 0 to unmap to end of file. * @even_cows: Whether to unmap even private COWed pages. * * Unmap the pages in this address space from any userspace process which * has them mmaped. Generally, you want to remove COWed pages as well when * a file is being truncated, but not when invalidating pages from the page * cache. */ void unmap_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t nr, bool even_cows) { struct zap_details details = { }; details.check_mapping = even_cows ? NULL : mapping; details.first_index = start; details.last_index = start + nr - 1; if (details.last_index < details.first_index) details.last_index = ULONG_MAX; i_mmap_lock_write(mapping); if (unlikely(!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root))) unmap_mapping_range_tree(&mapping->i_mmap, &details); i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); } /** * unmap_mapping_range - unmap the portion of all mmaps in the specified * address_space corresponding to the specified byte range in the underlying * file. * * @mapping: the address space containing mmaps to be unmapped. * @holebegin: byte in first page to unmap, relative to the start of * the underlying file. This will be rounded down to a PAGE_SIZE * boundary. Note that this is different from truncate_pagecache(), which * must keep the partial page. In contrast, we must get rid of * partial pages. * @holelen: size of prospective hole in bytes. This will be rounded * up to a PAGE_SIZE boundary. A holelen of zero truncates to the * end of the file. * @even_cows: 1 when truncating a file, unmap even private COWed pages; * but 0 when invalidating pagecache, don't throw away private data. */ void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen, int even_cows) { pgoff_t hba = holebegin >> PAGE_SHIFT; pgoff_t hlen = (holelen + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; /* Check for overflow. */ if (sizeof(holelen) > sizeof(hlen)) { long long holeend = (holebegin + holelen + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (holeend & ~(long long)ULONG_MAX) hlen = ULONG_MAX - hba + 1; } unmap_mapping_pages(mapping, hba, hlen, even_cows); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(unmap_mapping_range); /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), and pte mapped but not yet locked. * We return with pte unmapped and unlocked. * * We return with the mmap_lock locked or unlocked in the same cases * as does filemap_fault(). */ vm_fault_t do_swap_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = NULL, *swapcache; swp_entry_t entry; pte_t pte; int locked; int exclusive = 0; vm_fault_t ret = 0; void *shadow = NULL; if (!pte_unmap_same(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte)) goto out; entry = pte_to_swp_entry(vmf->orig_pte); if (unlikely(non_swap_entry(entry))) { if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { migration_entry_wait(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address); } else if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { vmf->page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); ret = vmf->page->pgmap->ops->migrate_to_ram(vmf); } else if (is_hwpoison_entry(entry)) { ret = VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; } else { print_bad_pte(vma, vmf->address, vmf->orig_pte, NULL); ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } goto out; } delayacct_set_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); page = lookup_swap_cache(entry, vma, vmf->address); swapcache = page; if (!page) { struct swap_info_struct *si = swp_swap_info(entry); if (data_race(si->flags & SWP_SYNCHRONOUS_IO) && __swap_count(entry) == 1) { /* skip swapcache */ page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (page) { int err; __SetPageLocked(page); __SetPageSwapBacked(page); set_page_private(page, entry.val); /* Tell memcg to use swap ownership records */ SetPageSwapCache(page); err = mem_cgroup_charge(page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL); ClearPageSwapCache(page); if (err) { ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; goto out_page; } shadow = get_shadow_from_swap_cache(entry); if (shadow) workingset_refault(page, shadow); lru_cache_add(page); swap_readpage(page, true); } } else { page = swapin_readahead(entry, GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vmf); swapcache = page; } if (!page) { /* * Back out if somebody else faulted in this pte * while we released the pte lock. */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); goto unlock; } /* Had to read the page from swap area: Major fault */ ret = VM_FAULT_MAJOR; count_vm_event(PGMAJFAULT); count_memcg_event_mm(vma->vm_mm, PGMAJFAULT); } else if (PageHWPoison(page)) { /* * hwpoisoned dirty swapcache pages are kept for killing * owner processes (which may be unknown at hwpoison time) */ ret = VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); goto out_release; } locked = lock_page_or_retry(page, vma->vm_mm, vmf->flags); delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); if (!locked) { ret |= VM_FAULT_RETRY; goto out_release; } /* * Make sure try_to_free_swap or reuse_swap_page or swapoff did not * release the swapcache from under us. The page pin, and pte_same * test below, are not enough to exclude that. Even if it is still * swapcache, we need to check that the page's swap has not changed. */ if (unlikely((!PageSwapCache(page) || page_private(page) != entry.val)) && swapcache) goto out_page; page = ksm_might_need_to_copy(page, vma, vmf->address); if (unlikely(!page)) { ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; page = swapcache; goto out_page; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(page, GFP_KERNEL); /* * Back out if somebody else already faulted in this pte. */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) goto out_nomap; if (unlikely(!PageUptodate(page))) { ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; goto out_nomap; } /* * The page isn't present yet, go ahead with the fault. * * Be careful about the sequence of operations here. * To get its accounting right, reuse_swap_page() must be called * while the page is counted on swap but not yet in mapcount i.e. * before page_add_anon_rmap() and swap_free(); try_to_free_swap() * must be called after the swap_free(), or it will never succeed. */ inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); dec_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_SWAPENTS); pte = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); if ((vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && reuse_swap_page(page, NULL)) { pte = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(pte), vma); vmf->flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; ret |= VM_FAULT_WRITE; exclusive = RMAP_EXCLUSIVE; } flush_icache_page(vma, page); if (pte_swp_soft_dirty(vmf->orig_pte)) pte = pte_mksoft_dirty(pte); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte = pte_mkuffd_wp(pte); pte = pte_wrprotect(pte); } set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, pte); arch_do_swap_page(vma->vm_mm, vma, vmf->address, pte, vmf->orig_pte); vmf->orig_pte = pte; /* ksm created a completely new copy */ if (unlikely(page != swapcache && swapcache)) { page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); } else { do_page_add_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, exclusive); } swap_free(entry); if (mem_cgroup_swap_full(page) || (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) || PageMlocked(page)) try_to_free_swap(page); unlock_page(page); if (page != swapcache && swapcache) { /* * Hold the lock to avoid the swap entry to be reused * until we take the PT lock for the pte_same() check * (to avoid false positives from pte_same). For * further safety release the lock after the swap_free * so that the swap count won't change under a * parallel locked swapcache. */ unlock_page(swapcache); put_page(swapcache); } if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) { ret |= do_wp_page(vmf); if (ret & VM_FAULT_ERROR) ret &= VM_FAULT_ERROR; goto out; } /* No need to invalidate - it was non-present before */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out: return ret; out_nomap: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out_page: unlock_page(page); out_release: put_page(page); if (page != swapcache && swapcache) { unlock_page(swapcache); put_page(swapcache); } return ret; } /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), and pte mapped but not yet locked. * We return with mmap_lock still held, but pte unmapped and unlocked. */ static vm_fault_t do_anonymous_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page; vm_fault_t ret = 0; pte_t entry; /* File mapping without ->vm_ops ? */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; /* * Use pte_alloc() instead of pte_alloc_map(). We can't run * pte_offset_map() on pmds where a huge pmd might be created * from a different thread. * * pte_alloc_map() is safe to use under mmap_write_lock(mm) or when * parallel threads are excluded by other means. * * Here we only have mmap_read_lock(mm). */ if (pte_alloc(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd)) return VM_FAULT_OOM; /* See the comment in pte_alloc_one_map() */ if (unlikely(pmd_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd))) return 0; /* Use the zero-page for reads */ if (!(vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && !mm_forbids_zeropage(vma->vm_mm)) { entry = pte_mkspecial(pfn_pte(my_zero_pfn(vmf->address), vma->vm_page_prot)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto unlock; } ret = check_stable_address_space(vma->vm_mm); if (ret) goto unlock; /* Deliver the page fault to userland, check inside PT lock */ if (userfaultfd_missing(vma)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_MISSING); } goto setpte; } /* Allocate our own private page. */ if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) goto oom; page = alloc_zeroed_user_highpage_movable(vma, vmf->address); if (!page) goto oom; if (mem_cgroup_charge(page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) goto oom_free_page; cgroup_throttle_swaprate(page, GFP_KERNEL); /* * The memory barrier inside __SetPageUptodate makes sure that * preceding stores to the page contents become visible before * the set_pte_at() write. */ __SetPageUptodate(page); entry = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); if (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE) entry = pte_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) { update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto release; } ret = check_stable_address_space(vma->vm_mm); if (ret) goto release; /* Deliver the page fault to userland, check inside PT lock */ if (userfaultfd_missing(vma)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); put_page(page); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_MISSING); } inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); setpte: set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); /* No need to invalidate - it was non-present before */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return ret; release: put_page(page); goto unlock; oom_free_page: put_page(page); oom: return VM_FAULT_OOM; } /* * The mmap_lock must have been held on entry, and may have been * released depending on flags and vma->vm_ops->fault() return value. * See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t __do_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret; /* * Preallocate pte before we take page_lock because this might lead to * deadlocks for memcg reclaim which waits for pages under writeback: * lock_page(A) * SetPageWriteback(A) * unlock_page(A) * lock_page(B) * lock_page(B) * pte_alloc_one * shrink_page_list * wait_on_page_writeback(A) * SetPageWriteback(B) * unlock_page(B) * # flush A, B to clear the writeback */ if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd) && !vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } ret = vma->vm_ops->fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY | VM_FAULT_DONE_COW))) return ret; if (unlikely(PageHWPoison(vmf->page))) { if (ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED) unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); vmf->page = NULL; return VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; } if (unlikely(!(ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED))) lock_page(vmf->page); else VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(vmf->page), vmf->page); return ret; } /* * The ordering of these checks is important for pmds with _PAGE_DEVMAP set. * If we check pmd_trans_unstable() first we will trip the bad_pmd() check * inside of pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(). This will end up correctly * returning 1 but not before it spams dmesg with the pmd_clear_bad() output. */ static int pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(pmd_t *pmd) { return pmd_devmap(*pmd) || pmd_trans_unstable(pmd); } static vm_fault_t pte_alloc_one_map(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd)) goto map_pte; if (vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->ptl = pmd_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); if (unlikely(!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) { spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); goto map_pte; } mm_inc_nr_ptes(vma->vm_mm); pmd_populate(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->prealloc_pte); spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } else if (unlikely(pte_alloc(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd))) { return VM_FAULT_OOM; } map_pte: /* * If a huge pmd materialized under us just retry later. Use * pmd_trans_unstable() via pmd_devmap_trans_unstable() instead of * pmd_trans_huge() to ensure the pmd didn't become pmd_trans_huge * under us and then back to pmd_none, as a result of MADV_DONTNEED * running immediately after a huge pmd fault in a different thread of * this mm, in turn leading to a misleading pmd_trans_huge() retval. * All we have to ensure is that it is a regular pmd that we can walk * with pte_offset_map() and we can do that through an atomic read in * C, which is what pmd_trans_unstable() provides. */ if (pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd)) return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; /* * At this point we know that our vmf->pmd points to a page of ptes * and it cannot become pmd_none(), pmd_devmap() or pmd_trans_huge() * for the duration of the fault. If a racing MADV_DONTNEED runs and * we zap the ptes pointed to by our vmf->pmd, the vmf->ptl will still * be valid and we will re-check to make sure the vmf->pte isn't * pte_none() under vmf->ptl protection when we return to * alloc_set_pte(). */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE static void deposit_prealloc_pte(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; pgtable_trans_huge_deposit(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->prealloc_pte); /* * We are going to consume the prealloc table, * count that as nr_ptes. */ mm_inc_nr_ptes(vma->vm_mm); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } static vm_fault_t do_set_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; bool write = vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; unsigned long haddr = vmf->address & HPAGE_PMD_MASK; pmd_t entry; int i; vm_fault_t ret = VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; if (!transhuge_vma_suitable(vma, haddr)) return ret; page = compound_head(page); if (compound_order(page) != HPAGE_PMD_ORDER) return ret; /* * Archs like ppc64 need additonal space to store information * related to pte entry. Use the preallocated table for that. */ if (arch_needs_pgtable_deposit() && !vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } vmf->ptl = pmd_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); if (unlikely(!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) goto out; for (i = 0; i < HPAGE_PMD_NR; i++) flush_icache_page(vma, page + i); entry = mk_huge_pmd(page, vma->vm_page_prot); if (write) entry = maybe_pmd_mkwrite(pmd_mkdirty(entry), vma); add_mm_counter(vma->vm_mm, mm_counter_file(page), HPAGE_PMD_NR); page_add_file_rmap(page, true); /* * deposit and withdraw with pmd lock held */ if (arch_needs_pgtable_deposit()) deposit_prealloc_pte(vmf); set_pmd_at(vma->vm_mm, haddr, vmf->pmd, entry); update_mmu_cache_pmd(vma, haddr, vmf->pmd); /* fault is handled */ ret = 0; count_vm_event(THP_FILE_MAPPED); out: spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); return ret; } #else static vm_fault_t do_set_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { BUILD_BUG(); return 0; } #endif /** * alloc_set_pte - setup new PTE entry for given page and add reverse page * mapping. If needed, the function allocates page table or use pre-allocated. * * @vmf: fault environment * @page: page to map * * Caller must take care of unlocking vmf->ptl, if vmf->pte is non-NULL on * return. * * Target users are page handler itself and implementations of * vm_ops->map_pages. * * Return: %0 on success, %VM_FAULT_ code in case of error. */ vm_fault_t alloc_set_pte(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; bool write = vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; pte_t entry; vm_fault_t ret; if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd) && PageTransCompound(page)) { ret = do_set_pmd(vmf, page); if (ret != VM_FAULT_FALLBACK) return ret; } if (!vmf->pte) { ret = pte_alloc_one_map(vmf); if (ret) return ret; } /* Re-check under ptl */ if (unlikely(!pte_none(*vmf->pte))) { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } flush_icache_page(vma, page); entry = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); if (write) entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); /* copy-on-write page */ if (write && !(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) { inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); } else { inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, mm_counter_file(page)); page_add_file_rmap(page, false); } set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); /* no need to invalidate: a not-present page won't be cached */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); return 0; } /** * finish_fault - finish page fault once we have prepared the page to fault * * @vmf: structure describing the fault * * This function handles all that is needed to finish a page fault once the * page to fault in is prepared. It handles locking of PTEs, inserts PTE for * given page, adds reverse page mapping, handles memcg charges and LRU * addition. * * The function expects the page to be locked and on success it consumes a * reference of a page being mapped (for the PTE which maps it). * * Return: %0 on success, %VM_FAULT_ code in case of error. */ vm_fault_t finish_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct page *page; vm_fault_t ret = 0; /* Did we COW the page? */ if ((vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && !(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) page = vmf->cow_page; else page = vmf->page; /* * check even for read faults because we might have lost our CoWed * page */ if (!(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) ret = check_stable_address_space(vmf->vma->vm_mm); if (!ret) ret = alloc_set_pte(vmf, page); if (vmf->pte) pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return ret; } static unsigned long fault_around_bytes __read_mostly = rounddown_pow_of_two(65536); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS static int fault_around_bytes_get(void *data, u64 *val) { *val = fault_around_bytes; return 0; } /* * fault_around_bytes must be rounded down to the nearest page order as it's * what do_fault_around() expects to see. */ static int fault_around_bytes_set(void *data, u64 val) { if (val / PAGE_SIZE > PTRS_PER_PTE) return -EINVAL; if (val > PAGE_SIZE) fault_around_bytes = rounddown_pow_of_two(val); else fault_around_bytes = PAGE_SIZE; /* rounddown_pow_of_two(0) is undefined */ return 0; } DEFINE_DEBUGFS_ATTRIBUTE(fault_around_bytes_fops, fault_around_bytes_get, fault_around_bytes_set, "%llu\n"); static int __init fault_around_debugfs(void) { debugfs_create_file_unsafe("fault_around_bytes", 0644, NULL, NULL, &fault_around_bytes_fops); return 0; } late_initcall(fault_around_debugfs); #endif /* * do_fault_around() tries to map few pages around the fault address. The hope * is that the pages will be needed soon and this will lower the number of * faults to handle. * * It uses vm_ops->map_pages() to map the pages, which skips the page if it's * not ready to be mapped: not up-to-date, locked, etc. * * This function is called with the page table lock taken. In the split ptlock * case the page table lock only protects only those entries which belong to * the page table corresponding to the fault address. * * This function doesn't cross the VMA boundaries, in order to call map_pages() * only once. * * fault_around_bytes defines how many bytes we'll try to map. * do_fault_around() expects it to be set to a power of two less than or equal * to PTRS_PER_PTE. * * The virtual address of the area that we map is naturally aligned to * fault_around_bytes rounded down to the machine page size * (and therefore to page order). This way it's easier to guarantee * that we don't cross page table boundaries. */ static vm_fault_t do_fault_around(struct vm_fault *vmf) { unsigned long address = vmf->address, nr_pages, mask; pgoff_t start_pgoff = vmf->pgoff; pgoff_t end_pgoff; int off; vm_fault_t ret = 0; nr_pages = READ_ONCE(fault_around_bytes) >> PAGE_SHIFT; mask = ~(nr_pages * PAGE_SIZE - 1) & PAGE_MASK; vmf->address = max(address & mask, vmf->vma->vm_start); off = ((address - vmf->address) >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PTE - 1); start_pgoff -= off; /* * end_pgoff is either the end of the page table, the end of * the vma or nr_pages from start_pgoff, depending what is nearest. */ end_pgoff = start_pgoff - ((vmf->address >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PTE - 1)) + PTRS_PER_PTE - 1; end_pgoff = min3(end_pgoff, vma_pages(vmf->vma) + vmf->vma->vm_pgoff - 1, start_pgoff + nr_pages - 1); if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd)) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vmf->vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) goto out; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } vmf->vma->vm_ops->map_pages(vmf, start_pgoff, end_pgoff); /* Huge page is mapped? Page fault is solved */ if (pmd_trans_huge(*vmf->pmd)) { ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; goto out; } /* ->map_pages() haven't done anything useful. Cold page cache? */ if (!vmf->pte) goto out; /* check if the page fault is solved */ vmf->pte -= (vmf->address >> PAGE_SHIFT) - (address >> PAGE_SHIFT); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out: vmf->address = address; vmf->pte = NULL; return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_read_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret = 0; /* * Let's call ->map_pages() first and use ->fault() as fallback * if page by the offset is not ready to be mapped (cold cache or * something). */ if (vma->vm_ops->map_pages && fault_around_bytes >> PAGE_SHIFT > 1) { ret = do_fault_around(vmf); if (ret) return ret; } ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) return ret; ret |= finish_fault(vmf); unlock_page(vmf->page); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_cow_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret; if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) return VM_FAULT_OOM; vmf->cow_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (!vmf->cow_page) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (mem_cgroup_charge(vmf->cow_page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) { put_page(vmf->cow_page); return VM_FAULT_OOM; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(vmf->cow_page, GFP_KERNEL); ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) goto uncharge_out; if (ret & VM_FAULT_DONE_COW) return ret; copy_user_highpage(vmf->cow_page, vmf->page, vmf->address, vma); __SetPageUptodate(vmf->cow_page); ret |= finish_fault(vmf); unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) goto uncharge_out; return ret; uncharge_out: put_page(vmf->cow_page); return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_shared_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret, tmp; ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) return ret; /* * Check if the backing address space wants to know that the page is * about to become writable */ if (vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite) { unlock_page(vmf->page); tmp = do_page_mkwrite(vmf); if (unlikely(!tmp || (tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)))) { put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } } ret |= finish_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) { unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } ret |= fault_dirty_shared_page(vmf); return ret; } /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults). * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). * If mmap_lock is released, vma may become invalid (for example * by other thread calling munmap()). */ static vm_fault_t do_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *vm_mm = vma->vm_mm; vm_fault_t ret; /* * The VMA was not fully populated on mmap() or missing VM_DONTEXPAND */ if (!vma->vm_ops->fault) { /* * If we find a migration pmd entry or a none pmd entry, which * should never happen, return SIGBUS */ if (unlikely(!pmd_present(*vmf->pmd))) ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; else { vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); /* * Make sure this is not a temporary clearing of pte * by holding ptl and checking again. A R/M/W update * of pte involves: take ptl, clearing the pte so that * we don't have concurrent modification by hardware * followed by an update. */ if (unlikely(pte_none(*vmf->pte))) ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; else ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); } } else if (!(vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE)) ret = do_read_fault(vmf); else if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) ret = do_cow_fault(vmf); else ret = do_shared_fault(vmf); /* preallocated pagetable is unused: free it */ if (vmf->prealloc_pte) { pte_free(vm_mm, vmf->prealloc_pte); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } return ret; } static int numa_migrate_prep(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, int page_nid, int *flags) { get_page(page); count_vm_numa_event(NUMA_HINT_FAULTS); if (page_nid == numa_node_id()) { count_vm_numa_event(NUMA_HINT_FAULTS_LOCAL); *flags |= TNF_FAULT_LOCAL; } return mpol_misplaced(page, vma, addr); } static vm_fault_t do_numa_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = NULL; int page_nid = NUMA_NO_NODE; int last_cpupid; int target_nid; bool migrated = false; pte_t pte, old_pte; bool was_writable = pte_savedwrite(vmf->orig_pte); int flags = 0; /* * The "pte" at this point cannot be used safely without * validation through pte_unmap_same(). It's of NUMA type but * the pfn may be screwed if the read is non atomic. */ vmf->ptl = pte_lockptr(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); spin_lock(vmf->ptl); if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); goto out; } /* * Make it present again, Depending on how arch implementes non * accessible ptes, some can allow access by kernel mode. */ old_pte = ptep_modify_prot_start(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte = pte_modify(old_pte, vma->vm_page_prot); pte = pte_mkyoung(pte); if (was_writable) pte = pte_mkwrite(pte); ptep_modify_prot_commit(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, old_pte, pte); update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); page = vm_normal_page(vma, vmf->address, pte); if (!page) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* TODO: handle PTE-mapped THP */ if (PageCompound(page)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* * Avoid grouping on RO pages in general. RO pages shouldn't hurt as * much anyway since they can be in shared cache state. This misses * the case where a mapping is writable but the process never writes * to it but pte_write gets cleared during protection updates and * pte_dirty has unpredictable behaviour between PTE scan updates, * background writeback, dirty balancing and application behaviour. */ if (!pte_write(pte)) flags |= TNF_NO_GROUP; /* * Flag if the page is shared between multiple address spaces. This * is later used when determining whether to group tasks together */ if (page_mapcount(page) > 1 && (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) flags |= TNF_SHARED; last_cpupid = page_cpupid_last(page); page_nid = page_to_nid(page); target_nid = numa_migrate_prep(page, vma, vmf->address, page_nid, &flags); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); if (target_nid == NUMA_NO_NODE) { put_page(page); goto out; } /* Migrate to the requested node */ migrated = migrate_misplaced_page(page, vma, target_nid); if (migrated) { page_nid = target_nid; flags |= TNF_MIGRATED; } else flags |= TNF_MIGRATE_FAIL; out: if (page_nid != NUMA_NO_NODE) task_numa_fault(last_cpupid, page_nid, 1, flags); return 0; } static inline vm_fault_t create_huge_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return do_huge_pmd_anonymous_page(vmf); if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) return vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PMD); return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } /* `inline' is required to avoid gcc 4.1.2 build error */ static inline vm_fault_t wp_huge_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) { if (userfaultfd_huge_pmd_wp(vmf->vma, orig_pmd)) return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_WP); return do_huge_pmd_wp_page(vmf, orig_pmd); } if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) { vm_fault_t ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PMD); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } /* COW or write-notify handled on pte level: split pmd. */ __split_huge_pmd(vmf->vma, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, false, NULL); return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } static vm_fault_t create_huge_pud(struct vm_fault *vmf) { #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && \ defined(CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD) /* No support for anonymous transparent PUD pages yet */ if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) goto split; if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) { vm_fault_t ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PUD); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } split: /* COW or write-notify not handled on PUD level: split pud.*/ __split_huge_pud(vmf->vma, vmf->pud, vmf->address); #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } static vm_fault_t wp_huge_pud(struct vm_fault *vmf, pud_t orig_pud) { #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE /* No support for anonymous transparent PUD pages yet */ if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) return vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PUD); #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } /* * These routines also need to handle stuff like marking pages dirty * and/or accessed for architectures that don't do it in hardware (most * RISC architectures). The early dirtying is also good on the i386. * * There is also a hook called "update_mmu_cache()" that architectures * with external mmu caches can use to update those (ie the Sparc or * PowerPC hashed page tables that act as extended TLBs). * * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, but allow * concurrent faults). * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our return value. * See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t handle_pte_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { pte_t entry; if (unlikely(pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) { /* * Leave __pte_alloc() until later: because vm_ops->fault may * want to allocate huge page, and if we expose page table * for an instant, it will be difficult to retract from * concurrent faults and from rmap lookups. */ vmf->pte = NULL; } else { /* See comment in pte_alloc_one_map() */ if (pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd)) return 0; /* * A regular pmd is established and it can't morph into a huge * pmd from under us anymore at this point because we hold the * mmap_lock read mode and khugepaged takes it in write mode. * So now it's safe to run pte_offset_map(). */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map(vmf->pmd, vmf->address); vmf->orig_pte = *vmf->pte; /* * some architectures can have larger ptes than wordsize, * e.g.ppc44x-defconfig has CONFIG_PTE_64BIT=y and * CONFIG_32BIT=y, so READ_ONCE cannot guarantee atomic * accesses. The code below just needs a consistent view * for the ifs and we later double check anyway with the * ptl lock held. So here a barrier will do. */ barrier(); if (pte_none(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte_unmap(vmf->pte); vmf->pte = NULL; } } if (!vmf->pte) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return do_anonymous_page(vmf); else return do_fault(vmf); } if (!pte_present(vmf->orig_pte)) return do_swap_page(vmf); if (pte_protnone(vmf->orig_pte) && vma_is_accessible(vmf->vma)) return do_numa_page(vmf); vmf->ptl = pte_lockptr(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); spin_lock(vmf->ptl); entry = vmf->orig_pte; if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, entry))) { update_mmu_tlb(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto unlock; } if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) { if (!pte_write(entry)) return do_wp_page(vmf); entry = pte_mkdirty(entry); } entry = pte_mkyoung(entry); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry, vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE)) { update_mmu_cache(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); } else { /* Skip spurious TLB flush for retried page fault */ if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED) goto unlock; /* * This is needed only for protection faults but the arch code * is not yet telling us if this is a protection fault or not. * This still avoids useless tlb flushes for .text page faults * with threads. */ if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) flush_tlb_fix_spurious_fault(vmf->vma, vmf->address); } unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* * By the time we get here, we already hold the mm semaphore * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t __handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags) { struct vm_fault vmf = { .vma = vma, .address = address & PAGE_MASK, .flags = flags, .pgoff = linear_page_index(vma, address), .gfp_mask = __get_fault_gfp_mask(vma), }; unsigned int dirty = flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; vm_fault_t ret; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address); p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, address); if (!p4d) return VM_FAULT_OOM; vmf.pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, address); if (!vmf.pud) return VM_FAULT_OOM; retry_pud: if (pud_none(*vmf.pud) && __transparent_hugepage_enabled(vma)) { ret = create_huge_pud(&vmf); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { pud_t orig_pud = *vmf.pud; barrier(); if (pud_trans_huge(orig_pud) || pud_devmap(orig_pud)) { /* NUMA case for anonymous PUDs would go here */ if (dirty && !pud_write(orig_pud)) { ret = wp_huge_pud(&vmf, orig_pud); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { huge_pud_set_accessed(&vmf, orig_pud); return 0; } } } vmf.pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, vmf.pud, address); if (!vmf.pmd) return VM_FAULT_OOM; /* Huge pud page fault raced with pmd_alloc? */ if (pud_trans_unstable(vmf.pud)) goto retry_pud; if (pmd_none(*vmf.pmd) && __transparent_hugepage_enabled(vma)) { ret = create_huge_pmd(&vmf); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { pmd_t orig_pmd = *vmf.pmd; barrier(); if (unlikely(is_swap_pmd(orig_pmd))) { VM_BUG_ON(thp_migration_supported() && !is_pmd_migration_entry(orig_pmd)); if (is_pmd_migration_entry(orig_pmd)) pmd_migration_entry_wait(mm, vmf.pmd); return 0; } if (pmd_trans_huge(orig_pmd) || pmd_devmap(orig_pmd)) { if (pmd_protnone(orig_pmd) && vma_is_accessible(vma)) return do_huge_pmd_numa_page(&vmf, orig_pmd); if (dirty && !pmd_write(orig_pmd)) { ret = wp_huge_pmd(&vmf, orig_pmd); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { huge_pmd_set_accessed(&vmf, orig_pmd); return 0; } } } return handle_pte_fault(&vmf); } /** * mm_account_fault - Do page fault accountings * * @regs: the pt_regs struct pointer. When set to NULL, will skip accounting * of perf event counters, but we'll still do the per-task accounting to * the task who triggered this page fault. * @address: the faulted address. * @flags: the fault flags. * @ret: the fault retcode. * * This will take care of most of the page fault accountings. Meanwhile, it * will also include the PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_[MAJ|MIN] perf counter * updates. However note that the handling of PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS should * still be in per-arch page fault handlers at the entry of page fault. */ static inline void mm_account_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, vm_fault_t ret) { bool major; /* * We don't do accounting for some specific faults: * * - Unsuccessful faults (e.g. when the address wasn't valid). That * includes arch_vma_access_permitted() failing before reaching here. * So this is not a "this many hardware page faults" counter. We * should use the hw profiling for that. * * - Incomplete faults (VM_FAULT_RETRY). They will only be counted * once they're completed. */ if (ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_RETRY)) return; /* * We define the fault as a major fault when the final successful fault * is VM_FAULT_MAJOR, or if it retried (which implies that we couldn't * handle it immediately previously). */ major = (ret & VM_FAULT_MAJOR) || (flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED); if (major) current->maj_flt++; else current->min_flt++; /* * If the fault is done for GUP, regs will be NULL. We only do the * accounting for the per thread fault counters who triggered the * fault, and we skip the perf event updates. */ if (!regs) return; if (major) perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_MAJ, 1, regs, address); else perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_MIN, 1, regs, address); } /* * By the time we get here, we already hold the mm semaphore * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ vm_fault_t handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, struct pt_regs *regs) { vm_fault_t ret; __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING); count_vm_event(PGFAULT); count_memcg_event_mm(vma->vm_mm, PGFAULT); /* do counter updates before entering really critical section. */ check_sync_rss_stat(current); if (!arch_vma_access_permitted(vma, flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE, flags & FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION, flags & FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE)) return VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV; /* * Enable the memcg OOM handling for faults triggered in user * space. Kernel faults are handled more gracefully. */ if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_USER) mem_cgroup_enter_user_fault(); if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))) ret = hugetlb_fault(vma->vm_mm, vma, address, flags); else ret = __handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags); if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_USER) { mem_cgroup_exit_user_fault(); /* * The task may have entered a memcg OOM situation but * if the allocation error was handled gracefully (no * VM_FAULT_OOM), there is no need to kill anything. * Just clean up the OOM state peacefully. */ if (task_in_memcg_oom(current) && !(ret & VM_FAULT_OOM)) mem_cgroup_oom_synchronize(false); } mm_account_fault(regs, address, flags, ret); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(handle_mm_fault); #ifndef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED /* * Allocate p4d page table. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { p4d_t *new = p4d_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock); if (pgd_present(*pgd)) /* Another has populated it */ p4d_free(mm, new); else pgd_populate(mm, pgd, new); spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED */ #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED /* * Allocate page upper directory. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address) { pud_t *new = pud_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock); if (!p4d_present(*p4d)) { mm_inc_nr_puds(mm); p4d_populate(mm, p4d, new); } else /* Another has populated it */ pud_free(mm, new); spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED */ #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED /* * Allocate page middle directory. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address) { spinlock_t *ptl; pmd_t *new = pmd_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ ptl = pud_lock(mm, pud); if (!pud_present(*pud)) { mm_inc_nr_pmds(mm); pud_populate(mm, pud, new); } else /* Another has populated it */ pmd_free(mm, new); spin_unlock(ptl); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED */ int follow_invalidate_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, struct mmu_notifier_range *range, pte_t **ptepp, pmd_t **pmdpp, spinlock_t **ptlp) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pte_t *ptep; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address); if (pgd_none(*pgd) || unlikely(pgd_bad(*pgd))) goto out; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, address); if (p4d_none(*p4d) || unlikely(p4d_bad(*p4d))) goto out; pud = pud_offset(p4d, address); if (pud_none(*pud) || unlikely(pud_bad(*pud))) goto out; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address); VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); if (pmd_huge(*pmd)) { if (!pmdpp) goto out; if (range) { mmu_notifier_range_init(range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, NULL, mm, address & PMD_MASK, (address & PMD_MASK) + PMD_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(range); } *ptlp = pmd_lock(mm, pmd); if (pmd_huge(*pmd)) { *pmdpp = pmd; return 0; } spin_unlock(*ptlp); if (range) mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(range); } if (pmd_none(*pmd) || unlikely(pmd_bad(*pmd))) goto out; if (range) { mmu_notifier_range_init(range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, NULL, mm, address & PAGE_MASK, (address & PAGE_MASK) + PAGE_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(range); } ptep = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp); if (!pte_present(*ptep)) goto unlock; *ptepp = ptep; return 0; unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, *ptlp); if (range) mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(range); out: return -EINVAL; } /** * follow_pte - look up PTE at a user virtual address * @mm: the mm_struct of the target address space * @address: user virtual address * @ptepp: location to store found PTE * @ptlp: location to store the lock for the PTE * * On a successful return, the pointer to the PTE is stored in @ptepp; * the corresponding lock is taken and its location is stored in @ptlp. * The contents of the PTE are only stable until @ptlp is released; * any further use, if any, must be protected against invalidation * with MMU notifiers. * * Only IO mappings and raw PFN mappings are allowed. The mmap semaphore * should be taken for read. * * KVM uses this function. While it is arguably less bad than ``follow_pfn``, * it is not a good general-purpose API. * * Return: zero on success, -ve otherwise. */ int follow_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t **ptepp, spinlock_t **ptlp) { return follow_invalidate_pte(mm, address, NULL, ptepp, NULL, ptlp); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(follow_pte); /** * follow_pfn - look up PFN at a user virtual address * @vma: memory mapping * @address: user virtual address * @pfn: location to store found PFN * * Only IO mappings and raw PFN mappings are allowed. * * This function does not allow the caller to read the permissions * of the PTE. Do not use it. * * Return: zero and the pfn at @pfn on success, -ve otherwise. */ int follow_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long *pfn) { int ret = -EINVAL; spinlock_t *ptl; pte_t *ptep; if (!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP))) return ret; ret = follow_pte(vma->vm_mm, address, &ptep, &ptl); if (ret) return ret; *pfn = pte_pfn(*ptep); pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(follow_pfn); #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_IOREMAP_PROT int follow_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, unsigned long *prot, resource_size_t *phys) { int ret = -EINVAL; pte_t *ptep, pte; spinlock_t *ptl; if (!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP))) goto out; if (follow_pte(vma->vm_mm, address, &ptep, &ptl)) goto out; pte = *ptep; if ((flags & FOLL_WRITE) && !pte_write(pte)) goto unlock; *prot = pgprot_val(pte_pgprot(pte)); *phys = (resource_size_t)pte_pfn(pte) << PAGE_SHIFT; ret = 0; unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl); out: return ret; } int generic_access_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, int write) { resource_size_t phys_addr; unsigned long prot = 0; void __iomem *maddr; int offset = addr & (PAGE_SIZE-1); if (follow_phys(vma, addr, write, &prot, &phys_addr)) return -EINVAL; maddr = ioremap_prot(phys_addr, PAGE_ALIGN(len + offset), prot); if (!maddr) return -ENOMEM; if (write) memcpy_toio(maddr + offset, buf, len); else memcpy_fromio(buf, maddr + offset, len); iounmap(maddr); return len; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(generic_access_phys); #endif /* * Access another process' address space as given in mm. If non-NULL, use the * given task for page fault accounting. */ int __access_remote_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; void *old_buf = buf; int write = gup_flags & FOLL_WRITE; if (mmap_read_lock_killable(mm)) return 0; /* ignore errors, just check how much was successfully transferred */ while (len) { int bytes, ret, offset; void *maddr; struct page *page = NULL; ret = get_user_pages_remote(mm, addr, 1, gup_flags, &page, &vma, NULL); if (ret <= 0) { #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_IOREMAP_PROT break; #else /* * Check if this is a VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP VMA, which * we can access using slightly different code. */ vma = find_vma(mm, addr); if (!vma || vma->vm_start > addr) break; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->access) ret = vma->vm_ops->access(vma, addr, buf, len, write); if (ret <= 0) break; bytes = ret; #endif } else { bytes = len; offset = addr & (PAGE_SIZE-1); if (bytes > PAGE_SIZE-offset) bytes = PAGE_SIZE-offset; maddr = kmap(page); if (write) { copy_to_user_page(vma, page, addr, maddr + offset, buf, bytes); set_page_dirty_lock(page); } else { copy_from_user_page(vma, page, addr, buf, maddr + offset, bytes); } kunmap(page); put_page(page); } len -= bytes; buf += bytes; addr += bytes; } mmap_read_unlock(mm); return buf - old_buf; } /** * access_remote_vm - access another process' address space * @mm: the mm_struct of the target address space * @addr: start address to access * @buf: source or destination buffer * @len: number of bytes to transfer * @gup_flags: flags modifying lookup behaviour * * The caller must hold a reference on @mm. * * Return: number of bytes copied from source to destination. */ int access_remote_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags) { return __access_remote_vm(NULL, mm, addr, buf, len, gup_flags); } /* * Access another process' address space. * Source/target buffer must be kernel space, * Do not walk the page table directly, use get_user_pages */ int access_process_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags) { struct mm_struct *mm; int ret; mm = get_task_mm(tsk); if (!mm) return 0; ret = __access_remote_vm(tsk, mm, addr, buf, len, gup_flags); mmput(mm); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(access_process_vm); /* * Print the name of a VMA. */ void print_vma_addr(char *prefix, unsigned long ip) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct vm_area_struct *vma; /* * we might be running from an atomic context so we cannot sleep */ if (!mmap_read_trylock(mm)) return; vma = find_vma(mm, ip); if (vma && vma->vm_file) { struct file *f = vma->vm_file; char *buf = (char *)__get_free_page(GFP_NOWAIT); if (buf) { char *p; p = file_path(f, buf, PAGE_SIZE); if (IS_ERR(p)) p = "?"; printk("%s%s[%lx+%lx]", prefix, kbasename(p), vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start); free_page((unsigned long)buf); } } mmap_read_unlock(mm); } #if defined(CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP) void __might_fault(const char *file, int line) { /* * Some code (nfs/sunrpc) uses socket ops on kernel memory while * holding the mmap_lock, this is safe because kernel memory doesn't * get paged out, therefore we'll never actually fault, and the * below annotations will generate false positives. */ if (uaccess_kernel()) return; if (pagefault_disabled()) return; __might_sleep(file, line, 0); #if defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP) if (current->mm) might_lock_read(&current->mm->mmap_lock); #endif } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__might_fault); #endif #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) || defined(CONFIG_HUGETLBFS) /* * Process all subpages of the specified huge page with the specified * operation. The target subpage will be processed last to keep its * cache lines hot. */ static inline void process_huge_page( unsigned long addr_hint, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page, void (*process_subpage)(unsigned long addr, int idx, void *arg), void *arg) { int i, n, base, l; unsigned long addr = addr_hint & ~(((unsigned long)pages_per_huge_page << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1); /* Process target subpage last to keep its cache lines hot */ might_sleep(); n = (addr_hint - addr) / PAGE_SIZE; if (2 * n <= pages_per_huge_page) { /* If target subpage in first half of huge page */ base = 0; l = n; /* Process subpages at the end of huge page */ for (i = pages_per_huge_page - 1; i >= 2 * n; i--) { cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + i * PAGE_SIZE, i, arg); } } else { /* If target subpage in second half of huge page */ base = pages_per_huge_page - 2 * (pages_per_huge_page - n); l = pages_per_huge_page - n; /* Process subpages at the begin of huge page */ for (i = 0; i < base; i++) { cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + i * PAGE_SIZE, i, arg); } } /* * Process remaining subpages in left-right-left-right pattern * towards the target subpage */ for (i = 0; i < l; i++) { int left_idx = base + i; int right_idx = base + 2 * l - 1 - i; cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + left_idx * PAGE_SIZE, left_idx, arg); cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + right_idx * PAGE_SIZE, right_idx, arg); } } static void clear_gigantic_page(struct page *page, unsigned long addr, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { int i; struct page *p = page; might_sleep(); for (i = 0; i < pages_per_huge_page; i++, p = mem_map_next(p, page, i)) { cond_resched(); clear_user_highpage(p, addr + i * PAGE_SIZE); } } static void clear_subpage(unsigned long addr, int idx, void *arg) { struct page *page = arg; clear_user_highpage(page + idx, addr); } void clear_huge_page(struct page *page, unsigned long addr_hint, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { unsigned long addr = addr_hint & ~(((unsigned long)pages_per_huge_page << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1); if (unlikely(pages_per_huge_page > MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES)) { clear_gigantic_page(page, addr, pages_per_huge_page); return; } process_huge_page(addr_hint, pages_per_huge_page, clear_subpage, page); } static void copy_user_gigantic_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { int i; struct page *dst_base = dst; struct page *src_base = src; for (i = 0; i < pages_per_huge_page; ) { cond_resched(); copy_user_highpage(dst, src, addr + i*PAGE_SIZE, vma); i++; dst = mem_map_next(dst, dst_base, i); src = mem_map_next(src, src_base, i); } } struct copy_subpage_arg { struct page *dst; struct page *src; struct vm_area_struct *vma; }; static void copy_subpage(unsigned long addr, int idx, void *arg) { struct copy_subpage_arg *copy_arg = arg; copy_user_highpage(copy_arg->dst + idx, copy_arg->src + idx, addr, copy_arg->vma); } void copy_user_huge_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, unsigned long addr_hint, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { unsigned long addr = addr_hint & ~(((unsigned long)pages_per_huge_page << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1); struct copy_subpage_arg arg = { .dst = dst, .src = src, .vma = vma, }; if (unlikely(pages_per_huge_page > MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES)) { copy_user_gigantic_page(dst, src, addr, vma, pages_per_huge_page); return; } process_huge_page(addr_hint, pages_per_huge_page, copy_subpage, &arg); } long copy_huge_page_from_user(struct page *dst_page, const void __user *usr_src, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page, bool allow_pagefault) { void *src = (void *)usr_src; void *page_kaddr; unsigned long i, rc = 0; unsigned long ret_val = pages_per_huge_page * PAGE_SIZE; struct page *subpage = dst_page; for (i = 0; i < pages_per_huge_page; i++, subpage = mem_map_next(subpage, dst_page, i)) { if (allow_pagefault) page_kaddr = kmap(subpage); else page_kaddr = kmap_atomic(subpage); rc = copy_from_user(page_kaddr, (const void __user *)(src + i * PAGE_SIZE), PAGE_SIZE); if (allow_pagefault) kunmap(subpage); else kunmap_atomic(page_kaddr); ret_val -= (PAGE_SIZE - rc); if (rc) break; cond_resched(); } return ret_val; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE || CONFIG_HUGETLBFS */ #if USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS && ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS static struct kmem_cache *page_ptl_cachep; void __init ptlock_cache_init(void) { page_ptl_cachep = kmem_cache_create("page->ptl", sizeof(spinlock_t), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); } bool ptlock_alloc(struct page *page) { spinlock_t *ptl; ptl = kmem_cache_alloc(page_ptl_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (!ptl) return false; page->ptl = ptl; return true; } void ptlock_free(struct page *page) { kmem_cache_free(page_ptl_cachep, page->ptl); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Copyright (c) 2013 Red Hat, Inc. and Parallels Inc. All rights reserved. * Authors: David Chinner and Glauber Costa * * Generic LRU infrastructure */ #ifndef _LRU_LIST_H #define _LRU_LIST_H #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/nodemask.h> #include <linux/shrinker.h> struct mem_cgroup; /* list_lru_walk_cb has to always return one of those */ enum lru_status { LRU_REMOVED, /* item removed from list */ LRU_REMOVED_RETRY, /* item removed, but lock has been dropped and reacquired */ LRU_ROTATE, /* item referenced, give another pass */ LRU_SKIP, /* item cannot be locked, skip */ LRU_RETRY, /* item not freeable. May drop the lock internally, but has to return locked. */ }; struct list_lru_one { struct list_head list; /* may become negative during memcg reparenting */ long nr_items; }; struct list_lru_memcg { struct rcu_head rcu; /* array of per cgroup lists, indexed by memcg_cache_id */ struct list_lru_one *lru[]; }; struct list_lru_node { /* protects all lists on the node, including per cgroup */ spinlock_t lock; /* global list, used for the root cgroup in cgroup aware lrus */ struct list_lru_one lru; #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM /* for cgroup aware lrus points to per cgroup lists, otherwise NULL */ struct list_lru_memcg __rcu *memcg_lrus; #endif long nr_items; } ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; struct list_lru { struct list_lru_node *node; #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM struct list_head list; int shrinker_id; bool memcg_aware; #endif }; void list_lru_destroy(struct list_lru *lru); int __list_lru_init(struct list_lru *lru, bool memcg_aware, struct lock_class_key *key, struct shrinker *shrinker); #define list_lru_init(lru) \ __list_lru_init((lru), false, NULL, NULL) #define list_lru_init_key(lru, key) \ __list_lru_init((lru), false, (key), NULL) #define list_lru_init_memcg(lru, shrinker) \ __list_lru_init((lru), true, NULL, shrinker) int memcg_update_all_list_lrus(int num_memcgs); void memcg_drain_all_list_lrus(int src_idx, struct mem_cgroup *dst_memcg); /** * list_lru_add: add an element to the lru list's tail * @list_lru: the lru pointer * @item: the item to be added. * * If the element is already part of a list, this function returns doing * nothing. Therefore the caller does not need to keep state about whether or * not the element already belongs in the list and is allowed to lazy update * it. Note however that this is valid for *a* list, not *this* list. If * the caller organize itself in a way that elements can be in more than * one type of list, it is up to the caller to fully remove the item from * the previous list (with list_lru_del() for instance) before moving it * to @list_lru * * Return value: true if the list was updated, false otherwise */ bool list_lru_add(struct list_lru *lru, struct list_head *item); /** * list_lru_del: delete an element to the lru list * @list_lru: the lru pointer * @item: the item to be deleted. * * This function works analogously as list_lru_add in terms of list * manipulation. The comments about an element already pertaining to * a list are also valid for list_lru_del. * * Return value: true if the list was updated, false otherwise */ bool list_lru_del(struct list_lru *lru, struct list_head *item); /** * list_lru_count_one: return the number of objects currently held by @lru * @lru: the lru pointer. * @nid: the node id to count from. * @memcg: the cgroup to count from. * * Always return a non-negative number, 0 for empty lists. There is no * guarantee that the list is not updated while the count is being computed. * Callers that want such a guarantee need to provide an outer lock. */ unsigned long list_lru_count_one(struct list_lru *lru, int nid, struct mem_cgroup *memcg); unsigned long list_lru_count_node(struct list_lru *lru, int nid); static inline unsigned long list_lru_shrink_count(struct list_lru *lru, struct shrink_control *sc) { return list_lru_count_one(lru, sc->nid, sc->memcg); } static inline unsigned long list_lru_count(struct list_lru *lru) { long count = 0; int nid; for_each_node_state(nid, N_NORMAL_MEMORY) count += list_lru_count_node(lru, nid); return count; } void list_lru_isolate(struct list_lru_one *list, struct list_head *item); void list_lru_isolate_move(struct list_lru_one *list, struct list_head *item, struct list_head *head); typedef enum lru_status (*list_lru_walk_cb)(struct list_head *item, struct list_lru_one *list, spinlock_t *lock, void *cb_arg); /** * list_lru_walk_one: walk a list_lru, isolating and disposing freeable items. * @lru: the lru pointer. * @nid: the node id to scan from. * @memcg: the cgroup to scan from. * @isolate: callback function that is resposible for deciding what to do with * the item currently being scanned * @cb_arg: opaque type that will be passed to @isolate * @nr_to_walk: how many items to scan. * * This function will scan all elements in a particular list_lru, calling the * @isolate callback for each of those items, along with the current list * spinlock and a caller-provided opaque. The @isolate callback can choose to * drop the lock internally, but *must* return with the lock held. The callback * will return an enum lru_status telling the list_lru infrastructure what to * do with the object being scanned. * * Please note that nr_to_walk does not mean how many objects will be freed, * just how many objects will be scanned. * * Return value: the number of objects effectively removed from the LRU. */ unsigned long list_lru_walk_one(struct list_lru *lru, int nid, struct mem_cgroup *memcg, list_lru_walk_cb isolate, void *cb_arg, unsigned long *nr_to_walk); /** * list_lru_walk_one_irq: walk a list_lru, isolating and disposing freeable items. * @lru: the lru pointer. * @nid: the node id to scan from. * @memcg: the cgroup to scan from. * @isolate: callback function that is resposible for deciding what to do with * the item currently being scanned * @cb_arg: opaque type that will be passed to @isolate * @nr_to_walk: how many items to scan. * * Same as @list_lru_walk_one except that the spinlock is acquired with * spin_lock_irq(). */ unsigned long list_lru_walk_one_irq(struct list_lru *lru, int nid, struct mem_cgroup *memcg, list_lru_walk_cb isolate, void *cb_arg, unsigned long *nr_to_walk); unsigned long list_lru_walk_node(struct list_lru *lru, int nid, list_lru_walk_cb isolate, void *cb_arg, unsigned long *nr_to_walk); static inline unsigned long list_lru_shrink_walk(struct list_lru *lru, struct shrink_control *sc, list_lru_walk_cb isolate, void *cb_arg) { return list_lru_walk_one(lru, sc->nid, sc->memcg, isolate, cb_arg, &sc->nr_to_scan); } static inline unsigned long list_lru_shrink_walk_irq(struct list_lru *lru, struct shrink_control *sc, list_lru_walk_cb isolate, void *cb_arg) { return list_lru_walk_one_irq(lru, sc->nid, sc->memcg, isolate, cb_arg, &sc->nr_to_scan); } static inline unsigned long list_lru_walk(struct list_lru *lru, list_lru_walk_cb isolate, void *cb_arg, unsigned long nr_to_walk) { long isolated = 0; int nid; for_each_node_state(nid, N_NORMAL_MEMORY) { isolated += list_lru_walk_node(lru, nid, isolate, cb_arg, &nr_to_walk); if (nr_to_walk <= 0) break; } return isolated; } #endif /* _LRU_LIST_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __NET_NS_HASH_H__ #define __NET_NS_HASH_H__ #include <net/net_namespace.h> static inline u32 net_hash_mix(const struct net *net) { return net->hash_mix; } #endif
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1811 1812 1813 1814 1815 1816 1817 1818 1819 1820 1821 1822 1823 1824 1825 1826 1827 1828 1829 1830 1831 1832 1833 1834 1835 1836 1837 1838 1839 1840 1841 1842 1843 1844 1845 1846 1847 1848 1849 1850 1851 1852 1853 1854 1855 1856 1857 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only #include <crypto/hash.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/bvec.h> #include <linux/fault-inject-usercopy.h> #include <linux/uio.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <linux/splice.h> #include <linux/compat.h> #include <net/checksum.h> #include <linux/scatterlist.h> #include <linux/instrumented.h> #define PIPE_PARANOIA /* for now */ #define iterate_iovec(i, n, __v, __p, skip, STEP) { \ size_t left; \ size_t wanted = n; \ __p = i->iov; \ __v.iov_len = min(n, __p->iov_len - skip); \ if (likely(__v.iov_len)) { \ __v.iov_base = __p->iov_base + skip; \ left = (STEP); \ __v.iov_len -= left; \ skip += __v.iov_len; \ n -= __v.iov_len; \ } else { \ left = 0; \ } \ while (unlikely(!left && n)) { \ __p++; \ __v.iov_len = min(n, __p->iov_len); \ if (unlikely(!__v.iov_len)) \ continue; \ __v.iov_base = __p->iov_base; \ left = (STEP); \ __v.iov_len -= left; \ skip = __v.iov_len; \ n -= __v.iov_len; \ } \ n = wanted - n; \ } #define iterate_kvec(i, n, __v, __p, skip, STEP) { \ size_t wanted = n; \ __p = i->kvec; \ __v.iov_len = min(n, __p->iov_len - skip); \ if (likely(__v.iov_len)) { \ __v.iov_base = __p->iov_base + skip; \ (void)(STEP); \ skip += __v.iov_len; \ n -= __v.iov_len; \ } \ while (unlikely(n)) { \ __p++; \ __v.iov_len = min(n, __p->iov_len); \ if (unlikely(!__v.iov_len)) \ continue; \ __v.iov_base = __p->iov_base; \ (void)(STEP); \ skip = __v.iov_len; \ n -= __v.iov_len; \ } \ n = wanted; \ } #define iterate_bvec(i, n, __v, __bi, skip, STEP) { \ struct bvec_iter __start; \ __start.bi_size = n; \ __start.bi_bvec_done = skip; \ __start.bi_idx = 0; \ for_each_bvec(__v, i->bvec, __bi, __start) { \ if (!__v.bv_len) \ continue; \ (void)(STEP); \ } \ } #define iterate_all_kinds(i, n, v, I, B, K) { \ if (likely(n)) { \ size_t skip = i->iov_offset; \ if (unlikely(i->type & ITER_BVEC)) { \ struct bio_vec v; \ struct bvec_iter __bi; \ iterate_bvec(i, n, v, __bi, skip, (B)) \ } else if (unlikely(i->type & ITER_KVEC)) { \ const struct kvec *kvec; \ struct kvec v; \ iterate_kvec(i, n, v, kvec, skip, (K)) \ } else if (unlikely(i->type & ITER_DISCARD)) { \ } else { \ const struct iovec *iov; \ struct iovec v; \ iterate_iovec(i, n, v, iov, skip, (I)) \ } \ } \ } #define iterate_and_advance(i, n, v, I, B, K) { \ if (unlikely(i->count < n)) \ n = i->count; \ if (i->count) { \ size_t skip = i->iov_offset; \ if (unlikely(i->type & ITER_BVEC)) { \ const struct bio_vec *bvec = i->bvec; \ struct bio_vec v; \ struct bvec_iter __bi; \ iterate_bvec(i, n, v, __bi, skip, (B)) \ i->bvec = __bvec_iter_bvec(i->bvec, __bi); \ i->nr_segs -= i->bvec - bvec; \ skip = __bi.bi_bvec_done; \ } else if (unlikely(i->type & ITER_KVEC)) { \ const struct kvec *kvec; \ struct kvec v; \ iterate_kvec(i, n, v, kvec, skip, (K)) \ if (skip == kvec->iov_len) { \ kvec++; \ skip = 0; \ } \ i->nr_segs -= kvec - i->kvec; \ i->kvec = kvec; \ } else if (unlikely(i->type & ITER_DISCARD)) { \ skip += n; \ } else { \ const struct iovec *iov; \ struct iovec v; \ iterate_iovec(i, n, v, iov, skip, (I)) \ if (skip == iov->iov_len) { \ iov++; \ skip = 0; \ } \ i->nr_segs -= iov - i->iov; \ i->iov = iov; \ } \ i->count -= n; \ i->iov_offset = skip; \ } \ } static int copyout(void __user *to, const void *from, size_t n) { if (should_fail_usercopy()) return n; if (access_ok(to, n)) { instrument_copy_to_user(to, from, n); n = raw_copy_to_user(to, from, n); } return n; } static int copyin(void *to, const void __user *from, size_t n) { if (should_fail_usercopy()) return n; if (access_ok(from, n)) { instrument_copy_from_user(to, from, n); n = raw_copy_from_user(to, from, n); } return n; } static size_t copy_page_to_iter_iovec(struct page *page, size_t offset, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { size_t skip, copy, left, wanted; const struct iovec *iov; char __user *buf; void *kaddr, *from; if (unlikely(bytes > i->count)) bytes = i->count; if (unlikely(!bytes)) return 0; might_fault(); wanted = bytes; iov = i->iov; skip = i->iov_offset; buf = iov->iov_base + skip; copy = min(bytes, iov->iov_len - skip); if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HIGHMEM) && !fault_in_pages_writeable(buf, copy)) { kaddr = kmap_atomic(page); from = kaddr + offset; /* first chunk, usually the only one */ left = copyout(buf, from, copy); copy -= left; skip += copy; from += copy; bytes -= copy; while (unlikely(!left && bytes)) { iov++; buf = iov->iov_base; copy = min(bytes, iov->iov_len); left = copyout(buf, from, copy); copy -= left; skip = copy; from += copy; bytes -= copy; } if (likely(!bytes)) { kunmap_atomic(kaddr); goto done; } offset = from - kaddr; buf += copy; kunmap_atomic(kaddr); copy = min(bytes, iov->iov_len - skip); } /* Too bad - revert to non-atomic kmap */ kaddr = kmap(page); from = kaddr + offset; left = copyout(buf, from, copy); copy -= left; skip += copy; from += copy; bytes -= copy; while (unlikely(!left && bytes)) { iov++; buf = iov->iov_base; copy = min(bytes, iov->iov_len); left = copyout(buf, from, copy); copy -= left; skip = copy; from += copy; bytes -= copy; } kunmap(page); done: if (skip == iov->iov_len) { iov++; skip = 0; } i->count -= wanted - bytes; i->nr_segs -= iov - i->iov; i->iov = iov; i->iov_offset = skip; return wanted - bytes; } static size_t copy_page_from_iter_iovec(struct page *page, size_t offset, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { size_t skip, copy, left, wanted; const struct iovec *iov; char __user *buf; void *kaddr, *to; if (unlikely(bytes > i->count)) bytes = i->count; if (unlikely(!bytes)) return 0; might_fault(); wanted = bytes; iov = i->iov; skip = i->iov_offset; buf = iov->iov_base + skip; copy = min(bytes, iov->iov_len - skip); if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HIGHMEM) && !fault_in_pages_readable(buf, copy)) { kaddr = kmap_atomic(page); to = kaddr + offset; /* first chunk, usually the only one */ left = copyin(to, buf, copy); copy -= left; skip += copy; to += copy; bytes -= copy; while (unlikely(!left && bytes)) { iov++; buf = iov->iov_base; copy = min(bytes, iov->iov_len); left = copyin(to, buf, copy); copy -= left; skip = copy; to += copy; bytes -= copy; } if (likely(!bytes)) { kunmap_atomic(kaddr); goto done; } offset = to - kaddr; buf += copy; kunmap_atomic(kaddr); copy = min(bytes, iov->iov_len - skip); } /* Too bad - revert to non-atomic kmap */ kaddr = kmap(page); to = kaddr + offset; left = copyin(to, buf, copy); copy -= left; skip += copy; to += copy; bytes -= copy; while (unlikely(!left && bytes)) { iov++; buf = iov->iov_base; copy = min(bytes, iov->iov_len); left = copyin(to, buf, copy); copy -= left; skip = copy; to += copy; bytes -= copy; } kunmap(page); done: if (skip == iov->iov_len) { iov++; skip = 0; } i->count -= wanted - bytes; i->nr_segs -= iov - i->iov; i->iov = iov; i->iov_offset = skip; return wanted - bytes; } #ifdef PIPE_PARANOIA static bool sanity(const struct iov_iter *i) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = i->pipe; unsigned int p_head = pipe->head; unsigned int p_tail = pipe->tail; unsigned int p_mask = pipe->ring_size - 1; unsigned int p_occupancy = pipe_occupancy(p_head, p_tail); unsigned int i_head = i->head; unsigned int idx; if (i->iov_offset) { struct pipe_buffer *p; if (unlikely(p_occupancy == 0)) goto Bad; // pipe must be non-empty if (unlikely(i_head != p_head - 1)) goto Bad; // must be at the last buffer... p = &pipe->bufs[i_head & p_mask]; if (unlikely(p->offset + p->len != i->iov_offset)) goto Bad; // ... at the end of segment } else { if (i_head != p_head) goto Bad; // must be right after the last buffer } return true; Bad: printk(KERN_ERR "idx = %d, offset = %zd\n", i_head, i->iov_offset); printk(KERN_ERR "head = %d, tail = %d, buffers = %d\n", p_head, p_tail, pipe->ring_size); for (idx = 0; idx < pipe->ring_size; idx++) printk(KERN_ERR "[%p %p %d %d]\n", pipe->bufs[idx].ops, pipe->bufs[idx].page, pipe->bufs[idx].offset, pipe->bufs[idx].len); WARN_ON(1); return false; } #else #define sanity(i) true #endif static size_t copy_page_to_iter_pipe(struct page *page, size_t offset, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = i->pipe; struct pipe_buffer *buf; unsigned int p_tail = pipe->tail; unsigned int p_mask = pipe->ring_size - 1; unsigned int i_head = i->head; size_t off; if (unlikely(bytes > i->count)) bytes = i->count; if (unlikely(!bytes)) return 0; if (!sanity(i)) return 0; off = i->iov_offset; buf = &pipe->bufs[i_head & p_mask]; if (off) { if (offset == off && buf->page == page) { /* merge with the last one */ buf->len += bytes; i->iov_offset += bytes; goto out; } i_head++; buf = &pipe->bufs[i_head & p_mask]; } if (pipe_full(i_head, p_tail, pipe->max_usage)) return 0; buf->ops = &page_cache_pipe_buf_ops; get_page(page); buf->page = page; buf->offset = offset; buf->len = bytes; pipe->head = i_head + 1; i->iov_offset = offset + bytes; i->head = i_head; out: i->count -= bytes; return bytes; } /* * Fault in one or more iovecs of the given iov_iter, to a maximum length of * bytes. For each iovec, fault in each page that constitutes the iovec. * * Return 0 on success, or non-zero if the memory could not be accessed (i.e. * because it is an invalid address). */ int iov_iter_fault_in_readable(struct iov_iter *i, size_t bytes) { size_t skip = i->iov_offset; const struct iovec *iov; int err; struct iovec v; if (iter_is_iovec(i)) { iterate_iovec(i, bytes, v, iov, skip, ({ err = fault_in_pages_readable(v.iov_base, v.iov_len); if (unlikely(err)) return err; 0;})) } return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_fault_in_readable); void iov_iter_init(struct iov_iter *i, unsigned int direction, const struct iovec *iov, unsigned long nr_segs, size_t count) { WARN_ON(direction & ~(READ | WRITE)); direction &= READ | WRITE; /* It will get better. Eventually... */ if (uaccess_kernel()) { i->type = ITER_KVEC | direction; i->kvec = (struct kvec *)iov; } else { i->type = ITER_IOVEC | direction; i->iov = iov; } i->nr_segs = nr_segs; i->iov_offset = 0; i->count = count; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_init); static void memcpy_from_page(char *to, struct page *page, size_t offset, size_t len) { char *from = kmap_atomic(page); memcpy(to, from + offset, len); kunmap_atomic(from); } static void memcpy_to_page(struct page *page, size_t offset, const char *from, size_t len) { char *to = kmap_atomic(page); memcpy(to + offset, from, len); kunmap_atomic(to); } static void memzero_page(struct page *page, size_t offset, size_t len) { char *addr = kmap_atomic(page); memset(addr + offset, 0, len); kunmap_atomic(addr); } static inline bool allocated(struct pipe_buffer *buf) { return buf->ops == &default_pipe_buf_ops; } static inline void data_start(const struct iov_iter *i, unsigned int *iter_headp, size_t *offp) { unsigned int p_mask = i->pipe->ring_size - 1; unsigned int iter_head = i->head; size_t off = i->iov_offset; if (off && (!allocated(&i->pipe->bufs[iter_head & p_mask]) || off == PAGE_SIZE)) { iter_head++; off = 0; } *iter_headp = iter_head; *offp = off; } static size_t push_pipe(struct iov_iter *i, size_t size, int *iter_headp, size_t *offp) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = i->pipe; unsigned int p_tail = pipe->tail; unsigned int p_mask = pipe->ring_size - 1; unsigned int iter_head; size_t off; ssize_t left; if (unlikely(size > i->count)) size = i->count; if (unlikely(!size)) return 0; left = size; data_start(i, &iter_head, &off); *iter_headp = iter_head; *offp = off; if (off) { left -= PAGE_SIZE - off; if (left <= 0) { pipe->bufs[iter_head & p_mask].len += size; return size; } pipe->bufs[iter_head & p_mask].len = PAGE_SIZE; iter_head++; } while (!pipe_full(iter_head, p_tail, pipe->max_usage)) { struct pipe_buffer *buf = &pipe->bufs[iter_head & p_mask]; struct page *page = alloc_page(GFP_USER); if (!page) break; buf->ops = &default_pipe_buf_ops; buf->page = page; buf->offset = 0; buf->len = min_t(ssize_t, left, PAGE_SIZE); left -= buf->len; iter_head++; pipe->head = iter_head; if (left == 0) return size; } return size - left; } static size_t copy_pipe_to_iter(const void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = i->pipe; unsigned int p_mask = pipe->ring_size - 1; unsigned int i_head; size_t n, off; if (!sanity(i)) return 0; bytes = n = push_pipe(i, bytes, &i_head, &off); if (unlikely(!n)) return 0; do { size_t chunk = min_t(size_t, n, PAGE_SIZE - off); memcpy_to_page(pipe->bufs[i_head & p_mask].page, off, addr, chunk); i->head = i_head; i->iov_offset = off + chunk; n -= chunk; addr += chunk; off = 0; i_head++; } while (n); i->count -= bytes; return bytes; } static __wsum csum_and_memcpy(void *to, const void *from, size_t len, __wsum sum, size_t off) { __wsum next = csum_partial_copy_nocheck(from, to, len); return csum_block_add(sum, next, off); } static size_t csum_and_copy_to_pipe_iter(const void *addr, size_t bytes, struct csum_state *csstate, struct iov_iter *i) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = i->pipe; unsigned int p_mask = pipe->ring_size - 1; __wsum sum = csstate->csum; size_t off = csstate->off; unsigned int i_head; size_t n, r; if (!sanity(i)) return 0; bytes = n = push_pipe(i, bytes, &i_head, &r); if (unlikely(!n)) return 0; do { size_t chunk = min_t(size_t, n, PAGE_SIZE - r); char *p = kmap_atomic(pipe->bufs[i_head & p_mask].page); sum = csum_and_memcpy(p + r, addr, chunk, sum, off); kunmap_atomic(p); i->head = i_head; i->iov_offset = r + chunk; n -= chunk; off += chunk; addr += chunk; r = 0; i_head++; } while (n); i->count -= bytes; csstate->csum = sum; csstate->off = off; return bytes; } size_t _copy_to_iter(const void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { const char *from = addr; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) return copy_pipe_to_iter(addr, bytes, i); if (iter_is_iovec(i)) might_fault(); iterate_and_advance(i, bytes, v, copyout(v.iov_base, (from += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_len), memcpy_to_page(v.bv_page, v.bv_offset, (from += v.bv_len) - v.bv_len, v.bv_len), memcpy(v.iov_base, (from += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_len) ) return bytes; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(_copy_to_iter); #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_COPY_MC static int copyout_mc(void __user *to, const void *from, size_t n) { if (access_ok(to, n)) { instrument_copy_to_user(to, from, n); n = copy_mc_to_user((__force void *) to, from, n); } return n; } static unsigned long copy_mc_to_page(struct page *page, size_t offset, const char *from, size_t len) { unsigned long ret; char *to; to = kmap_atomic(page); ret = copy_mc_to_kernel(to + offset, from, len); kunmap_atomic(to); return ret; } static size_t copy_mc_pipe_to_iter(const void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = i->pipe; unsigned int p_mask = pipe->ring_size - 1; unsigned int i_head; size_t n, off, xfer = 0; if (!sanity(i)) return 0; bytes = n = push_pipe(i, bytes, &i_head, &off); if (unlikely(!n)) return 0; do { size_t chunk = min_t(size_t, n, PAGE_SIZE - off); unsigned long rem; rem = copy_mc_to_page(pipe->bufs[i_head & p_mask].page, off, addr, chunk); i->head = i_head; i->iov_offset = off + chunk - rem; xfer += chunk - rem; if (rem) break; n -= chunk; addr += chunk; off = 0; i_head++; } while (n); i->count -= xfer; return xfer; } /** * _copy_mc_to_iter - copy to iter with source memory error exception handling * @addr: source kernel address * @bytes: total transfer length * @iter: destination iterator * * The pmem driver deploys this for the dax operation * (dax_copy_to_iter()) for dax reads (bypass page-cache and the * block-layer). Upon #MC read(2) aborts and returns EIO or the bytes * successfully copied. * * The main differences between this and typical _copy_to_iter(). * * * Typical tail/residue handling after a fault retries the copy * byte-by-byte until the fault happens again. Re-triggering machine * checks is potentially fatal so the implementation uses source * alignment and poison alignment assumptions to avoid re-triggering * hardware exceptions. * * * ITER_KVEC, ITER_PIPE, and ITER_BVEC can return short copies. * Compare to copy_to_iter() where only ITER_IOVEC attempts might return * a short copy. */ size_t _copy_mc_to_iter(const void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { const char *from = addr; unsigned long rem, curr_addr, s_addr = (unsigned long) addr; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) return copy_mc_pipe_to_iter(addr, bytes, i); if (iter_is_iovec(i)) might_fault(); iterate_and_advance(i, bytes, v, copyout_mc(v.iov_base, (from += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_len), ({ rem = copy_mc_to_page(v.bv_page, v.bv_offset, (from += v.bv_len) - v.bv_len, v.bv_len); if (rem) { curr_addr = (unsigned long) from; bytes = curr_addr - s_addr - rem; return bytes; } }), ({ rem = copy_mc_to_kernel(v.iov_base, (from += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_len); if (rem) { curr_addr = (unsigned long) from; bytes = curr_addr - s_addr - rem; return bytes; } }) ) return bytes; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(_copy_mc_to_iter); #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_COPY_MC */ size_t _copy_from_iter(void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { char *to = addr; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) { WARN_ON(1); return 0; } if (iter_is_iovec(i)) might_fault(); iterate_and_advance(i, bytes, v, copyin((to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len), memcpy_from_page((to += v.bv_len) - v.bv_len, v.bv_page, v.bv_offset, v.bv_len), memcpy((to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len) ) return bytes; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(_copy_from_iter); bool _copy_from_iter_full(void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { char *to = addr; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) { WARN_ON(1); return false; } if (unlikely(i->count < bytes)) return false; if (iter_is_iovec(i)) might_fault(); iterate_all_kinds(i, bytes, v, ({ if (copyin((to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len)) return false; 0;}), memcpy_from_page((to += v.bv_len) - v.bv_len, v.bv_page, v.bv_offset, v.bv_len), memcpy((to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len) ) iov_iter_advance(i, bytes); return true; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(_copy_from_iter_full); size_t _copy_from_iter_nocache(void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { char *to = addr; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) { WARN_ON(1); return 0; } iterate_and_advance(i, bytes, v, __copy_from_user_inatomic_nocache((to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len), memcpy_from_page((to += v.bv_len) - v.bv_len, v.bv_page, v.bv_offset, v.bv_len), memcpy((to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len) ) return bytes; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(_copy_from_iter_nocache); #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_UACCESS_FLUSHCACHE /** * _copy_from_iter_flushcache - write destination through cpu cache * @addr: destination kernel address * @bytes: total transfer length * @iter: source iterator * * The pmem driver arranges for filesystem-dax to use this facility via * dax_copy_from_iter() for ensuring that writes to persistent memory * are flushed through the CPU cache. It is differentiated from * _copy_from_iter_nocache() in that guarantees all data is flushed for * all iterator types. The _copy_from_iter_nocache() only attempts to * bypass the cache for the ITER_IOVEC case, and on some archs may use * instructions that strand dirty-data in the cache. */ size_t _copy_from_iter_flushcache(void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { char *to = addr; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) { WARN_ON(1); return 0; } iterate_and_advance(i, bytes, v, __copy_from_user_flushcache((to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len), memcpy_page_flushcache((to += v.bv_len) - v.bv_len, v.bv_page, v.bv_offset, v.bv_len), memcpy_flushcache((to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len) ) return bytes; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(_copy_from_iter_flushcache); #endif bool _copy_from_iter_full_nocache(void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { char *to = addr; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) { WARN_ON(1); return false; } if (unlikely(i->count < bytes)) return false; iterate_all_kinds(i, bytes, v, ({ if (__copy_from_user_inatomic_nocache((to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len)) return false; 0;}), memcpy_from_page((to += v.bv_len) - v.bv_len, v.bv_page, v.bv_offset, v.bv_len), memcpy((to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len) ) iov_iter_advance(i, bytes); return true; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(_copy_from_iter_full_nocache); static inline bool page_copy_sane(struct page *page, size_t offset, size_t n) { struct page *head; size_t v = n + offset; /* * The general case needs to access the page order in order * to compute the page size. * However, we mostly deal with order-0 pages and thus can * avoid a possible cache line miss for requests that fit all * page orders. */ if (n <= v && v <= PAGE_SIZE) return true; head = compound_head(page); v += (page - head) << PAGE_SHIFT; if (likely(n <= v && v <= (page_size(head)))) return true; WARN_ON(1); return false; } size_t copy_page_to_iter(struct page *page, size_t offset, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { if (unlikely(!page_copy_sane(page, offset, bytes))) return 0; if (i->type & (ITER_BVEC|ITER_KVEC)) { void *kaddr = kmap_atomic(page); size_t wanted = copy_to_iter(kaddr + offset, bytes, i); kunmap_atomic(kaddr); return wanted; } else if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_discard(i))) { if (unlikely(i->count < bytes)) bytes = i->count; i->count -= bytes; return bytes; } else if (likely(!iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) return copy_page_to_iter_iovec(page, offset, bytes, i); else return copy_page_to_iter_pipe(page, offset, bytes, i); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(copy_page_to_iter); size_t copy_page_from_iter(struct page *page, size_t offset, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { if (unlikely(!page_copy_sane(page, offset, bytes))) return 0; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i) || iov_iter_is_discard(i))) { WARN_ON(1); return 0; } if (i->type & (ITER_BVEC|ITER_KVEC)) { void *kaddr = kmap_atomic(page); size_t wanted = _copy_from_iter(kaddr + offset, bytes, i); kunmap_atomic(kaddr); return wanted; } else return copy_page_from_iter_iovec(page, offset, bytes, i); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(copy_page_from_iter); static size_t pipe_zero(size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = i->pipe; unsigned int p_mask = pipe->ring_size - 1; unsigned int i_head; size_t n, off; if (!sanity(i)) return 0; bytes = n = push_pipe(i, bytes, &i_head, &off); if (unlikely(!n)) return 0; do { size_t chunk = min_t(size_t, n, PAGE_SIZE - off); memzero_page(pipe->bufs[i_head & p_mask].page, off, chunk); i->head = i_head; i->iov_offset = off + chunk; n -= chunk; off = 0; i_head++; } while (n); i->count -= bytes; return bytes; } size_t iov_iter_zero(size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) return pipe_zero(bytes, i); iterate_and_advance(i, bytes, v, clear_user(v.iov_base, v.iov_len), memzero_page(v.bv_page, v.bv_offset, v.bv_len), memset(v.iov_base, 0, v.iov_len) ) return bytes; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_zero); size_t iov_iter_copy_from_user_atomic(struct page *page, struct iov_iter *i, unsigned long offset, size_t bytes) { char *kaddr = kmap_atomic(page), *p = kaddr + offset; if (unlikely(!page_copy_sane(page, offset, bytes))) { kunmap_atomic(kaddr); return 0; } if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i) || iov_iter_is_discard(i))) { kunmap_atomic(kaddr); WARN_ON(1); return 0; } iterate_all_kinds(i, bytes, v, copyin((p += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len), memcpy_from_page((p += v.bv_len) - v.bv_len, v.bv_page, v.bv_offset, v.bv_len), memcpy((p += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len) ) kunmap_atomic(kaddr); return bytes; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_copy_from_user_atomic); static inline void pipe_truncate(struct iov_iter *i) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = i->pipe; unsigned int p_tail = pipe->tail; unsigned int p_head = pipe->head; unsigned int p_mask = pipe->ring_size - 1; if (!pipe_empty(p_head, p_tail)) { struct pipe_buffer *buf; unsigned int i_head = i->head; size_t off = i->iov_offset; if (off) { buf = &pipe->bufs[i_head & p_mask]; buf->len = off - buf->offset; i_head++; } while (p_head != i_head) { p_head--; pipe_buf_release(pipe, &pipe->bufs[p_head & p_mask]); } pipe->head = p_head; } } static void pipe_advance(struct iov_iter *i, size_t size) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = i->pipe; if (unlikely(i->count < size)) size = i->count; if (size) { struct pipe_buffer *buf; unsigned int p_mask = pipe->ring_size - 1; unsigned int i_head = i->head; size_t off = i->iov_offset, left = size; if (off) /* make it relative to the beginning of buffer */ left += off - pipe->bufs[i_head & p_mask].offset; while (1) { buf = &pipe->bufs[i_head & p_mask]; if (left <= buf->len) break; left -= buf->len; i_head++; } i->head = i_head; i->iov_offset = buf->offset + left; } i->count -= size; /* ... and discard everything past that point */ pipe_truncate(i); } void iov_iter_advance(struct iov_iter *i, size_t size) { if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) { pipe_advance(i, size); return; } if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_discard(i))) { i->count -= size; return; } iterate_and_advance(i, size, v, 0, 0, 0) } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_advance); void iov_iter_revert(struct iov_iter *i, size_t unroll) { if (!unroll) return; if (WARN_ON(unroll > MAX_RW_COUNT)) return; i->count += unroll; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = i->pipe; unsigned int p_mask = pipe->ring_size - 1; unsigned int i_head = i->head; size_t off = i->iov_offset; while (1) { struct pipe_buffer *b = &pipe->bufs[i_head & p_mask]; size_t n = off - b->offset; if (unroll < n) { off -= unroll; break; } unroll -= n; if (!unroll && i_head == i->start_head) { off = 0; break; } i_head--; b = &pipe->bufs[i_head & p_mask]; off = b->offset + b->len; } i->iov_offset = off; i->head = i_head; pipe_truncate(i); return; } if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_discard(i))) return; if (unroll <= i->iov_offset) { i->iov_offset -= unroll; return; } unroll -= i->iov_offset; if (iov_iter_is_bvec(i)) { const struct bio_vec *bvec = i->bvec; while (1) { size_t n = (--bvec)->bv_len; i->nr_segs++; if (unroll <= n) { i->bvec = bvec; i->iov_offset = n - unroll; return; } unroll -= n; } } else { /* same logics for iovec and kvec */ const struct iovec *iov = i->iov; while (1) { size_t n = (--iov)->iov_len; i->nr_segs++; if (unroll <= n) { i->iov = iov; i->iov_offset = n - unroll; return; } unroll -= n; } } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_revert); /* * Return the count of just the current iov_iter segment. */ size_t iov_iter_single_seg_count(const struct iov_iter *i) { if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) return i->count; // it is a silly place, anyway if (i->nr_segs == 1) return i->count; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_discard(i))) return i->count; else if (iov_iter_is_bvec(i)) return min(i->count, i->bvec->bv_len - i->iov_offset); else return min(i->count, i->iov->iov_len - i->iov_offset); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_single_seg_count); void iov_iter_kvec(struct iov_iter *i, unsigned int direction, const struct kvec *kvec, unsigned long nr_segs, size_t count) { WARN_ON(direction & ~(READ | WRITE)); i->type = ITER_KVEC | (direction & (READ | WRITE)); i->kvec = kvec; i->nr_segs = nr_segs; i->iov_offset = 0; i->count = count; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_kvec); void iov_iter_bvec(struct iov_iter *i, unsigned int direction, const struct bio_vec *bvec, unsigned long nr_segs, size_t count) { WARN_ON(direction & ~(READ | WRITE)); i->type = ITER_BVEC | (direction & (READ | WRITE)); i->bvec = bvec; i->nr_segs = nr_segs; i->iov_offset = 0; i->count = count; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_bvec); void iov_iter_pipe(struct iov_iter *i, unsigned int direction, struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, size_t count) { BUG_ON(direction != READ); WARN_ON(pipe_full(pipe->head, pipe->tail, pipe->ring_size)); i->type = ITER_PIPE | READ; i->pipe = pipe; i->head = pipe->head; i->iov_offset = 0; i->count = count; i->start_head = i->head; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_pipe); /** * iov_iter_discard - Initialise an I/O iterator that discards data * @i: The iterator to initialise. * @direction: The direction of the transfer. * @count: The size of the I/O buffer in bytes. * * Set up an I/O iterator that just discards everything that's written to it. * It's only available as a READ iterator. */ void iov_iter_discard(struct iov_iter *i, unsigned int direction, size_t count) { BUG_ON(direction != READ); i->type = ITER_DISCARD | READ; i->count = count; i->iov_offset = 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_discard); unsigned long iov_iter_alignment(const struct iov_iter *i) { unsigned long res = 0; size_t size = i->count; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) { unsigned int p_mask = i->pipe->ring_size - 1; if (size && i->iov_offset && allocated(&i->pipe->bufs[i->head & p_mask])) return size | i->iov_offset; return size; } iterate_all_kinds(i, size, v, (res |= (unsigned long)v.iov_base | v.iov_len, 0), res |= v.bv_offset | v.bv_len, res |= (unsigned long)v.iov_base | v.iov_len ) return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_alignment); unsigned long iov_iter_gap_alignment(const struct iov_iter *i) { unsigned long res = 0; size_t size = i->count; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i) || iov_iter_is_discard(i))) { WARN_ON(1); return ~0U; } iterate_all_kinds(i, size, v, (res |= (!res ? 0 : (unsigned long)v.iov_base) | (size != v.iov_len ? size : 0), 0), (res |= (!res ? 0 : (unsigned long)v.bv_offset) | (size != v.bv_len ? size : 0)), (res |= (!res ? 0 : (unsigned long)v.iov_base) | (size != v.iov_len ? size : 0)) ); return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_gap_alignment); static inline ssize_t __pipe_get_pages(struct iov_iter *i, size_t maxsize, struct page **pages, int iter_head, size_t *start) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = i->pipe; unsigned int p_mask = pipe->ring_size - 1; ssize_t n = push_pipe(i, maxsize, &iter_head, start); if (!n) return -EFAULT; maxsize = n; n += *start; while (n > 0) { get_page(*pages++ = pipe->bufs[iter_head & p_mask].page); iter_head++; n -= PAGE_SIZE; } return maxsize; } static ssize_t pipe_get_pages(struct iov_iter *i, struct page **pages, size_t maxsize, unsigned maxpages, size_t *start) { unsigned int iter_head, npages; size_t capacity; if (!maxsize) return 0; if (!sanity(i)) return -EFAULT; data_start(i, &iter_head, start); /* Amount of free space: some of this one + all after this one */ npages = pipe_space_for_user(iter_head, i->pipe->tail, i->pipe); capacity = min(npages, maxpages) * PAGE_SIZE - *start; return __pipe_get_pages(i, min(maxsize, capacity), pages, iter_head, start); } ssize_t iov_iter_get_pages(struct iov_iter *i, struct page **pages, size_t maxsize, unsigned maxpages, size_t *start) { if (maxsize > i->count) maxsize = i->count; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) return pipe_get_pages(i, pages, maxsize, maxpages, start); if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_discard(i))) return -EFAULT; iterate_all_kinds(i, maxsize, v, ({ unsigned long addr = (unsigned long)v.iov_base; size_t len = v.iov_len + (*start = addr & (PAGE_SIZE - 1)); int n; int res; if (len > maxpages * PAGE_SIZE) len = maxpages * PAGE_SIZE; addr &= ~(PAGE_SIZE - 1); n = DIV_ROUND_UP(len, PAGE_SIZE); res = get_user_pages_fast(addr, n, iov_iter_rw(i) != WRITE ? FOLL_WRITE : 0, pages); if (unlikely(res <= 0)) return res; return (res == n ? len : res * PAGE_SIZE) - *start; 0;}),({ /* can't be more than PAGE_SIZE */ *start = v.bv_offset; get_page(*pages = v.bv_page); return v.bv_len; }),({ return -EFAULT; }) ) return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_get_pages); static struct page **get_pages_array(size_t n) { return kvmalloc_array(n, sizeof(struct page *), GFP_KERNEL); } static ssize_t pipe_get_pages_alloc(struct iov_iter *i, struct page ***pages, size_t maxsize, size_t *start) { struct page **p; unsigned int iter_head, npages; ssize_t n; if (!maxsize) return 0; if (!sanity(i)) return -EFAULT; data_start(i, &iter_head, start); /* Amount of free space: some of this one + all after this one */ npages = pipe_space_for_user(iter_head, i->pipe->tail, i->pipe); n = npages * PAGE_SIZE - *start; if (maxsize > n) maxsize = n; else npages = DIV_ROUND_UP(maxsize + *start, PAGE_SIZE); p = get_pages_array(npages); if (!p) return -ENOMEM; n = __pipe_get_pages(i, maxsize, p, iter_head, start); if (n > 0) *pages = p; else kvfree(p); return n; } ssize_t iov_iter_get_pages_alloc(struct iov_iter *i, struct page ***pages, size_t maxsize, size_t *start) { struct page **p; if (maxsize > i->count) maxsize = i->count; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) return pipe_get_pages_alloc(i, pages, maxsize, start); if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_discard(i))) return -EFAULT; iterate_all_kinds(i, maxsize, v, ({ unsigned long addr = (unsigned long)v.iov_base; size_t len = v.iov_len + (*start = addr & (PAGE_SIZE - 1)); int n; int res; addr &= ~(PAGE_SIZE - 1); n = DIV_ROUND_UP(len, PAGE_SIZE); p = get_pages_array(n); if (!p) return -ENOMEM; res = get_user_pages_fast(addr, n, iov_iter_rw(i) != WRITE ? FOLL_WRITE : 0, p); if (unlikely(res <= 0)) { kvfree(p); *pages = NULL; return res; } *pages = p; return (res == n ? len : res * PAGE_SIZE) - *start; 0;}),({ /* can't be more than PAGE_SIZE */ *start = v.bv_offset; *pages = p = get_pages_array(1); if (!p) return -ENOMEM; get_page(*p = v.bv_page); return v.bv_len; }),({ return -EFAULT; }) ) return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_get_pages_alloc); size_t csum_and_copy_from_iter(void *addr, size_t bytes, __wsum *csum, struct iov_iter *i) { char *to = addr; __wsum sum, next; size_t off = 0; sum = *csum; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i) || iov_iter_is_discard(i))) { WARN_ON(1); return 0; } iterate_and_advance(i, bytes, v, ({ next = csum_and_copy_from_user(v.iov_base, (to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_len); if (next) { sum = csum_block_add(sum, next, off); off += v.iov_len; } next ? 0 : v.iov_len; }), ({ char *p = kmap_atomic(v.bv_page); sum = csum_and_memcpy((to += v.bv_len) - v.bv_len, p + v.bv_offset, v.bv_len, sum, off); kunmap_atomic(p); off += v.bv_len; }),({ sum = csum_and_memcpy((to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len, sum, off); off += v.iov_len; }) ) *csum = sum; return bytes; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(csum_and_copy_from_iter); bool csum_and_copy_from_iter_full(void *addr, size_t bytes, __wsum *csum, struct iov_iter *i) { char *to = addr; __wsum sum, next; size_t off = 0; sum = *csum; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i) || iov_iter_is_discard(i))) { WARN_ON(1); return false; } if (unlikely(i->count < bytes)) return false; iterate_all_kinds(i, bytes, v, ({ next = csum_and_copy_from_user(v.iov_base, (to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_len); if (!next) return false; sum = csum_block_add(sum, next, off); off += v.iov_len; 0; }), ({ char *p = kmap_atomic(v.bv_page); sum = csum_and_memcpy((to += v.bv_len) - v.bv_len, p + v.bv_offset, v.bv_len, sum, off); kunmap_atomic(p); off += v.bv_len; }),({ sum = csum_and_memcpy((to += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len, sum, off); off += v.iov_len; }) ) *csum = sum; iov_iter_advance(i, bytes); return true; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(csum_and_copy_from_iter_full); size_t csum_and_copy_to_iter(const void *addr, size_t bytes, void *_csstate, struct iov_iter *i) { struct csum_state *csstate = _csstate; const char *from = addr; __wsum sum, next; size_t off; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) return csum_and_copy_to_pipe_iter(addr, bytes, _csstate, i); sum = csstate->csum; off = csstate->off; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_discard(i))) { WARN_ON(1); /* for now */ return 0; } iterate_and_advance(i, bytes, v, ({ next = csum_and_copy_to_user((from += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_base, v.iov_len); if (next) { sum = csum_block_add(sum, next, off); off += v.iov_len; } next ? 0 : v.iov_len; }), ({ char *p = kmap_atomic(v.bv_page); sum = csum_and_memcpy(p + v.bv_offset, (from += v.bv_len) - v.bv_len, v.bv_len, sum, off); kunmap_atomic(p); off += v.bv_len; }),({ sum = csum_and_memcpy(v.iov_base, (from += v.iov_len) - v.iov_len, v.iov_len, sum, off); off += v.iov_len; }) ) csstate->csum = sum; csstate->off = off; return bytes; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(csum_and_copy_to_iter); size_t hash_and_copy_to_iter(const void *addr, size_t bytes, void *hashp, struct iov_iter *i) { #ifdef CONFIG_CRYPTO_HASH struct ahash_request *hash = hashp; struct scatterlist sg; size_t copied; copied = copy_to_iter(addr, bytes, i); sg_init_one(&sg, addr, copied); ahash_request_set_crypt(hash, &sg, NULL, copied); crypto_ahash_update(hash); return copied; #else return 0; #endif } EXPORT_SYMBOL(hash_and_copy_to_iter); int iov_iter_npages(const struct iov_iter *i, int maxpages) { size_t size = i->count; int npages = 0; if (!size) return 0; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_discard(i))) return 0; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(i))) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = i->pipe; unsigned int iter_head; size_t off; if (!sanity(i)) return 0; data_start(i, &iter_head, &off); /* some of this one + all after this one */ npages = pipe_space_for_user(iter_head, pipe->tail, pipe); if (npages >= maxpages) return maxpages; } else iterate_all_kinds(i, size, v, ({ unsigned long p = (unsigned long)v.iov_base; npages += DIV_ROUND_UP(p + v.iov_len, PAGE_SIZE) - p / PAGE_SIZE; if (npages >= maxpages) return maxpages; 0;}),({ npages++; if (npages >= maxpages) return maxpages; }),({ unsigned long p = (unsigned long)v.iov_base; npages += DIV_ROUND_UP(p + v.iov_len, PAGE_SIZE) - p / PAGE_SIZE; if (npages >= maxpages) return maxpages; }) ) return npages; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_npages); const void *dup_iter(struct iov_iter *new, struct iov_iter *old, gfp_t flags) { *new = *old; if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(new))) { WARN_ON(1); return NULL; } if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_discard(new))) return NULL; if (iov_iter_is_bvec(new)) return new->bvec = kmemdup(new->bvec, new->nr_segs * sizeof(struct bio_vec), flags); else /* iovec and kvec have identical layout */ return new->iov = kmemdup(new->iov, new->nr_segs * sizeof(struct iovec), flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(dup_iter); static int copy_compat_iovec_from_user(struct iovec *iov, const struct iovec __user *uvec, unsigned long nr_segs) { const struct compat_iovec __user *uiov = (const struct compat_iovec __user *)uvec; int ret = -EFAULT, i; if (!user_access_begin(uiov, nr_segs * sizeof(*uiov))) return -EFAULT; for (i = 0; i < nr_segs; i++) { compat_uptr_t buf; compat_ssize_t len; unsafe_get_user(len, &uiov[i].iov_len, uaccess_end); unsafe_get_user(buf, &uiov[i].iov_base, uaccess_end); /* check for compat_size_t not fitting in compat_ssize_t .. */ if (len < 0) { ret = -EINVAL; goto uaccess_end; } iov[i].iov_base = compat_ptr(buf); iov[i].iov_len = len; } ret = 0; uaccess_end: user_access_end(); return ret; } static int copy_iovec_from_user(struct iovec *iov, const struct iovec __user *uvec, unsigned long nr_segs) { unsigned long seg; if (copy_from_user(iov, uvec, nr_segs * sizeof(*uvec))) return -EFAULT; for (seg = 0; seg < nr_segs; seg++) { if ((ssize_t)iov[seg].iov_len < 0) return -EINVAL; } return 0; } struct iovec *iovec_from_user(const struct iovec __user *uvec, unsigned long nr_segs, unsigned long fast_segs, struct iovec *fast_iov, bool compat) { struct iovec *iov = fast_iov; int ret; /* * SuS says "The readv() function *may* fail if the iovcnt argument was * less than or equal to 0, or greater than {IOV_MAX}. Linux has * traditionally returned zero for zero segments, so... */ if (nr_segs == 0) return iov; if (nr_segs > UIO_MAXIOV) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); if (nr_segs > fast_segs) { iov = kmalloc_array(nr_segs, sizeof(struct iovec), GFP_KERNEL); if (!iov) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); } if (compat) ret = copy_compat_iovec_from_user(iov, uvec, nr_segs); else ret = copy_iovec_from_user(iov, uvec, nr_segs); if (ret) { if (iov != fast_iov) kfree(iov); return ERR_PTR(ret); } return iov; } ssize_t __import_iovec(int type, const struct iovec __user *uvec, unsigned nr_segs, unsigned fast_segs, struct iovec **iovp, struct iov_iter *i, bool compat) { ssize_t total_len = 0; unsigned long seg; struct iovec *iov; iov = iovec_from_user(uvec, nr_segs, fast_segs, *iovp, compat); if (IS_ERR(iov)) { *iovp = NULL; return PTR_ERR(iov); } /* * According to the Single Unix Specification we should return EINVAL if * an element length is < 0 when cast to ssize_t or if the total length * would overflow the ssize_t return value of the system call. * * Linux caps all read/write calls to MAX_RW_COUNT, and avoids the * overflow case. */ for (seg = 0; seg < nr_segs; seg++) { ssize_t len = (ssize_t)iov[seg].iov_len; if (!access_ok(iov[seg].iov_base, len)) { if (iov != *iovp) kfree(iov); *iovp = NULL; return -EFAULT; } if (len > MAX_RW_COUNT - total_len) { len = MAX_RW_COUNT - total_len; iov[seg].iov_len = len; } total_len += len; } iov_iter_init(i, type, iov, nr_segs, total_len); if (iov == *iovp) *iovp = NULL; else *iovp = iov; return total_len; } /** * import_iovec() - Copy an array of &struct iovec from userspace * into the kernel, check that it is valid, and initialize a new * &struct iov_iter iterator to access it. * * @type: One of %READ or %WRITE. * @uvec: Pointer to the userspace array. * @nr_segs: Number of elements in userspace array. * @fast_segs: Number of elements in @iov. * @iovp: (input and output parameter) Pointer to pointer to (usually small * on-stack) kernel array. * @i: Pointer to iterator that will be initialized on success. * * If the array pointed to by *@iov is large enough to hold all @nr_segs, * then this function places %NULL in *@iov on return. Otherwise, a new * array will be allocated and the result placed in *@iov. This means that * the caller may call kfree() on *@iov regardless of whether the small * on-stack array was used or not (and regardless of whether this function * returns an error or not). * * Return: Negative error code on error, bytes imported on success */ ssize_t import_iovec(int type, const struct iovec __user *uvec, unsigned nr_segs, unsigned fast_segs, struct iovec **iovp, struct iov_iter *i) { return __import_iovec(type, uvec, nr_segs, fast_segs, iovp, i, in_compat_syscall()); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(import_iovec); int import_single_range(int rw, void __user *buf, size_t len, struct iovec *iov, struct iov_iter *i) { if (len > MAX_RW_COUNT) len = MAX_RW_COUNT; if (unlikely(!access_ok(buf, len))) return -EFAULT; iov->iov_base = buf; iov->iov_len = len; iov_iter_init(i, rw, iov, 1, len); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(import_single_range); int iov_iter_for_each_range(struct iov_iter *i, size_t bytes, int (*f)(struct kvec *vec, void *context), void *context) { struct kvec w; int err = -EINVAL; if (!bytes) return 0; iterate_all_kinds(i, bytes, v, -EINVAL, ({ w.iov_base = kmap(v.bv_page) + v.bv_offset; w.iov_len = v.bv_len; err = f(&w, context); kunmap(v.bv_page); err;}), ({ w = v; err = f(&w, context);}) ) return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iov_iter_for_each_range);
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2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036 2037 2038 2039 2040 2041 2042 2043 2044 2045 2046 2047 2048 2049 2050 2051 2052 2053 2054 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Copyright 2003-2005 Red Hat, Inc. All rights reserved. * Copyright 2003-2005 Jeff Garzik * * libata documentation is available via 'make {ps|pdf}docs', * as Documentation/driver-api/libata.rst */ #ifndef __LINUX_LIBATA_H__ #define __LINUX_LIBATA_H__ #include <linux/delay.h> #include <linux/jiffies.h> #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/dma-mapping.h> #include <linux/scatterlist.h> #include <linux/io.h> #include <linux/ata.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <scsi/scsi_host.h> #include <linux/acpi.h> #include <linux/cdrom.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/async.h> /* * Define if arch has non-standard setup. This is a _PCI_ standard * not a legacy or ISA standard. */ #ifdef CONFIG_ATA_NONSTANDARD #include <asm/libata-portmap.h> #else #define ATA_PRIMARY_IRQ(dev) 14 #define ATA_SECONDARY_IRQ(dev) 15 #endif /* * compile-time options: to be removed as soon as all the drivers are * converted to the new debugging mechanism */ #undef ATA_DEBUG /* debugging output */ #undef ATA_VERBOSE_DEBUG /* yet more debugging output */ #undef ATA_IRQ_TRAP /* define to ack screaming irqs */ #undef ATA_NDEBUG /* define to disable quick runtime checks */ /* note: prints function name for you */ #ifdef ATA_DEBUG #define DPRINTK(fmt, args...) printk(KERN_ERR "%s: " fmt, __func__, ## args) #ifdef ATA_VERBOSE_DEBUG #define VPRINTK(fmt, args...) printk(KERN_ERR "%s: " fmt, __func__, ## args) #else #define VPRINTK(fmt, args...) #endif /* ATA_VERBOSE_DEBUG */ #else #define DPRINTK(fmt, args...) #define VPRINTK(fmt, args...) #endif /* ATA_DEBUG */ #define ata_print_version_once(dev, version) \ ({ \ static bool __print_once; \ \ if (!__print_once) { \ __print_once = true; \ ata_print_version(dev, version); \ } \ }) /* NEW: debug levels */ #define HAVE_LIBATA_MSG 1 enum { ATA_MSG_DRV = 0x0001, ATA_MSG_INFO = 0x0002, ATA_MSG_PROBE = 0x0004, ATA_MSG_WARN = 0x0008, ATA_MSG_MALLOC = 0x0010, ATA_MSG_CTL = 0x0020, ATA_MSG_INTR = 0x0040, ATA_MSG_ERR = 0x0080, }; #define ata_msg_drv(p) ((p)->msg_enable & ATA_MSG_DRV) #define ata_msg_info(p) ((p)->msg_enable & ATA_MSG_INFO) #define ata_msg_probe(p) ((p)->msg_enable & ATA_MSG_PROBE) #define ata_msg_warn(p) ((p)->msg_enable & ATA_MSG_WARN) #define ata_msg_malloc(p) ((p)->msg_enable & ATA_MSG_MALLOC) #define ata_msg_ctl(p) ((p)->msg_enable & ATA_MSG_CTL) #define ata_msg_intr(p) ((p)->msg_enable & ATA_MSG_INTR) #define ata_msg_err(p) ((p)->msg_enable & ATA_MSG_ERR) static inline u32 ata_msg_init(int dval, int default_msg_enable_bits) { if (dval < 0 || dval >= (sizeof(u32) * 8)) return default_msg_enable_bits; /* should be 0x1 - only driver info msgs */ if (!dval) return 0; return (1 << dval) - 1; } /* defines only for the constants which don't work well as enums */ #define ATA_TAG_POISON 0xfafbfcfdU enum { /* various global constants */ LIBATA_MAX_PRD = ATA_MAX_PRD / 2, LIBATA_DUMB_MAX_PRD = ATA_MAX_PRD / 4, /* Worst case */ ATA_DEF_QUEUE = 1, ATA_MAX_QUEUE = 32, ATA_TAG_INTERNAL = ATA_MAX_QUEUE, ATA_SHORT_PAUSE = 16, ATAPI_MAX_DRAIN = 16 << 10, ATA_ALL_DEVICES = (1 << ATA_MAX_DEVICES) - 1, ATA_SHT_EMULATED = 1, ATA_SHT_THIS_ID = -1, /* struct ata_taskfile flags */ ATA_TFLAG_LBA48 = (1 << 0), /* enable 48-bit LBA and "HOB" */ ATA_TFLAG_ISADDR = (1 << 1), /* enable r/w to nsect/lba regs */ ATA_TFLAG_DEVICE = (1 << 2), /* enable r/w to device reg */ ATA_TFLAG_WRITE = (1 << 3), /* data dir: host->dev==1 (write) */ ATA_TFLAG_LBA = (1 << 4), /* enable LBA */ ATA_TFLAG_FUA = (1 << 5), /* enable FUA */ ATA_TFLAG_POLLING = (1 << 6), /* set nIEN to 1 and use polling */ /* struct ata_device stuff */ ATA_DFLAG_LBA = (1 << 0), /* device supports LBA */ ATA_DFLAG_LBA48 = (1 << 1), /* device supports LBA48 */ ATA_DFLAG_CDB_INTR = (1 << 2), /* device asserts INTRQ when ready for CDB */ ATA_DFLAG_NCQ = (1 << 3), /* device supports NCQ */ ATA_DFLAG_FLUSH_EXT = (1 << 4), /* do FLUSH_EXT instead of FLUSH */ ATA_DFLAG_ACPI_PENDING = (1 << 5), /* ACPI resume action pending */ ATA_DFLAG_ACPI_FAILED = (1 << 6), /* ACPI on devcfg has failed */ ATA_DFLAG_AN = (1 << 7), /* AN configured */ ATA_DFLAG_TRUSTED = (1 << 8), /* device supports trusted send/recv */ ATA_DFLAG_DMADIR = (1 << 10), /* device requires DMADIR */ ATA_DFLAG_CFG_MASK = (1 << 12) - 1, ATA_DFLAG_PIO = (1 << 12), /* device limited to PIO mode */ ATA_DFLAG_NCQ_OFF = (1 << 13), /* device limited to non-NCQ mode */ ATA_DFLAG_SLEEPING = (1 << 15), /* device is sleeping */ ATA_DFLAG_DUBIOUS_XFER = (1 << 16), /* data transfer not verified */ ATA_DFLAG_NO_UNLOAD = (1 << 17), /* device doesn't support unload */ ATA_DFLAG_UNLOCK_HPA = (1 << 18), /* unlock HPA */ ATA_DFLAG_NCQ_SEND_RECV = (1 << 19), /* device supports NCQ SEND and RECV */ ATA_DFLAG_NCQ_PRIO = (1 << 20), /* device supports NCQ priority */ ATA_DFLAG_NCQ_PRIO_ENABLE = (1 << 21), /* Priority cmds sent to dev */ ATA_DFLAG_INIT_MASK = (1 << 24) - 1, ATA_DFLAG_DETACH = (1 << 24), ATA_DFLAG_DETACHED = (1 << 25), ATA_DFLAG_DA = (1 << 26), /* device supports Device Attention */ ATA_DFLAG_DEVSLP = (1 << 27), /* device supports Device Sleep */ ATA_DFLAG_ACPI_DISABLED = (1 << 28), /* ACPI for the device is disabled */ ATA_DFLAG_D_SENSE = (1 << 29), /* Descriptor sense requested */ ATA_DFLAG_ZAC = (1 << 30), /* ZAC device */ ATA_DEV_UNKNOWN = 0, /* unknown device */ ATA_DEV_ATA = 1, /* ATA device */ ATA_DEV_ATA_UNSUP = 2, /* ATA device (unsupported) */ ATA_DEV_ATAPI = 3, /* ATAPI device */ ATA_DEV_ATAPI_UNSUP = 4, /* ATAPI device (unsupported) */ ATA_DEV_PMP = 5, /* SATA port multiplier */ ATA_DEV_PMP_UNSUP = 6, /* SATA port multiplier (unsupported) */ ATA_DEV_SEMB = 7, /* SEMB */ ATA_DEV_SEMB_UNSUP = 8, /* SEMB (unsupported) */ ATA_DEV_ZAC = 9, /* ZAC device */ ATA_DEV_ZAC_UNSUP = 10, /* ZAC device (unsupported) */ ATA_DEV_NONE = 11, /* no device */ /* struct ata_link flags */ /* NOTE: struct ata_force_param currently stores lflags in u16 */ ATA_LFLAG_NO_HRST = (1 << 1), /* avoid hardreset */ ATA_LFLAG_NO_SRST = (1 << 2), /* avoid softreset */ ATA_LFLAG_ASSUME_ATA = (1 << 3), /* assume ATA class */ ATA_LFLAG_ASSUME_SEMB = (1 << 4), /* assume SEMB class */ ATA_LFLAG_ASSUME_CLASS = ATA_LFLAG_ASSUME_ATA | ATA_LFLAG_ASSUME_SEMB, ATA_LFLAG_NO_RETRY = (1 << 5), /* don't retry this link */ ATA_LFLAG_DISABLED = (1 << 6), /* link is disabled */ ATA_LFLAG_SW_ACTIVITY = (1 << 7), /* keep activity stats */ ATA_LFLAG_NO_LPM = (1 << 8), /* disable LPM on this link */ ATA_LFLAG_RST_ONCE = (1 << 9), /* limit recovery to one reset */ ATA_LFLAG_CHANGED = (1 << 10), /* LPM state changed on this link */ ATA_LFLAG_NO_DB_DELAY = (1 << 11), /* no debounce delay on link resume */ /* struct ata_port flags */ ATA_FLAG_SLAVE_POSS = (1 << 0), /* host supports slave dev */ /* (doesn't imply presence) */ ATA_FLAG_SATA = (1 << 1), ATA_FLAG_NO_LPM = (1 << 2), /* host not happy with LPM */ ATA_FLAG_NO_LOG_PAGE = (1 << 5), /* do not issue log page read */ ATA_FLAG_NO_ATAPI = (1 << 6), /* No ATAPI support */ ATA_FLAG_PIO_DMA = (1 << 7), /* PIO cmds via DMA */ ATA_FLAG_PIO_LBA48 = (1 << 8), /* Host DMA engine is LBA28 only */ ATA_FLAG_PIO_POLLING = (1 << 9), /* use polling PIO if LLD * doesn't handle PIO interrupts */ ATA_FLAG_NCQ = (1 << 10), /* host supports NCQ */ ATA_FLAG_NO_POWEROFF_SPINDOWN = (1 << 11), /* don't spindown before poweroff */ ATA_FLAG_NO_HIBERNATE_SPINDOWN = (1 << 12), /* don't spindown before hibernation */ ATA_FLAG_DEBUGMSG = (1 << 13), ATA_FLAG_FPDMA_AA = (1 << 14), /* driver supports Auto-Activate */ ATA_FLAG_IGN_SIMPLEX = (1 << 15), /* ignore SIMPLEX */ ATA_FLAG_NO_IORDY = (1 << 16), /* controller lacks iordy */ ATA_FLAG_ACPI_SATA = (1 << 17), /* need native SATA ACPI layout */ ATA_FLAG_AN = (1 << 18), /* controller supports AN */ ATA_FLAG_PMP = (1 << 19), /* controller supports PMP */ ATA_FLAG_FPDMA_AUX = (1 << 20), /* controller supports H2DFIS aux field */ ATA_FLAG_EM = (1 << 21), /* driver supports enclosure * management */ ATA_FLAG_SW_ACTIVITY = (1 << 22), /* driver supports sw activity * led */ ATA_FLAG_NO_DIPM = (1 << 23), /* host not happy with DIPM */ ATA_FLAG_SAS_HOST = (1 << 24), /* SAS host */ /* bits 24:31 of ap->flags are reserved for LLD specific flags */ /* struct ata_port pflags */ ATA_PFLAG_EH_PENDING = (1 << 0), /* EH pending */ ATA_PFLAG_EH_IN_PROGRESS = (1 << 1), /* EH in progress */ ATA_PFLAG_FROZEN = (1 << 2), /* port is frozen */ ATA_PFLAG_RECOVERED = (1 << 3), /* recovery action performed */ ATA_PFLAG_LOADING = (1 << 4), /* boot/loading probe */ ATA_PFLAG_SCSI_HOTPLUG = (1 << 6), /* SCSI hotplug scheduled */ ATA_PFLAG_INITIALIZING = (1 << 7), /* being initialized, don't touch */ ATA_PFLAG_RESETTING = (1 << 8), /* reset in progress */ ATA_PFLAG_UNLOADING = (1 << 9), /* driver is being unloaded */ ATA_PFLAG_UNLOADED = (1 << 10), /* driver is unloaded */ ATA_PFLAG_SUSPENDED = (1 << 17), /* port is suspended (power) */ ATA_PFLAG_PM_PENDING = (1 << 18), /* PM operation pending */ ATA_PFLAG_INIT_GTM_VALID = (1 << 19), /* initial gtm data valid */ ATA_PFLAG_PIO32 = (1 << 20), /* 32bit PIO */ ATA_PFLAG_PIO32CHANGE = (1 << 21), /* 32bit PIO can be turned on/off */ ATA_PFLAG_EXTERNAL = (1 << 22), /* eSATA/external port */ /* struct ata_queued_cmd flags */ ATA_QCFLAG_ACTIVE = (1 << 0), /* cmd not yet ack'd to scsi lyer */ ATA_QCFLAG_DMAMAP = (1 << 1), /* SG table is DMA mapped */ ATA_QCFLAG_IO = (1 << 3), /* standard IO command */ ATA_QCFLAG_RESULT_TF = (1 << 4), /* result TF requested */ ATA_QCFLAG_CLEAR_EXCL = (1 << 5), /* clear excl_link on completion */ ATA_QCFLAG_QUIET = (1 << 6), /* don't report device error */ ATA_QCFLAG_RETRY = (1 << 7), /* retry after failure */ ATA_QCFLAG_FAILED = (1 << 16), /* cmd failed and is owned by EH */ ATA_QCFLAG_SENSE_VALID = (1 << 17), /* sense data valid */ ATA_QCFLAG_EH_SCHEDULED = (1 << 18), /* EH scheduled (obsolete) */ /* host set flags */ ATA_HOST_SIMPLEX = (1 << 0), /* Host is simplex, one DMA channel per host only */ ATA_HOST_STARTED = (1 << 1), /* Host started */ ATA_HOST_PARALLEL_SCAN = (1 << 2), /* Ports on this host can be scanned in parallel */ ATA_HOST_IGNORE_ATA = (1 << 3), /* Ignore ATA devices on this host. */ /* bits 24:31 of host->flags are reserved for LLD specific flags */ /* various lengths of time */ ATA_TMOUT_BOOT = 30000, /* heuristic */ ATA_TMOUT_BOOT_QUICK = 7000, /* heuristic */ ATA_TMOUT_INTERNAL_QUICK = 5000, ATA_TMOUT_MAX_PARK = 30000, /* * GoVault needs 2s and iVDR disk HHD424020F7SV00 800ms. 2s * is too much without parallel probing. Use 2s if parallel * probing is available, 800ms otherwise. */ ATA_TMOUT_FF_WAIT_LONG = 2000, ATA_TMOUT_FF_WAIT = 800, /* Spec mandates to wait for ">= 2ms" before checking status * after reset. We wait 150ms, because that was the magic * delay used for ATAPI devices in Hale Landis's ATADRVR, for * the period of time between when the ATA command register is * written, and then status is checked. Because waiting for * "a while" before checking status is fine, post SRST, we * perform this magic delay here as well. * * Old drivers/ide uses the 2mS rule and then waits for ready. */ ATA_WAIT_AFTER_RESET = 150, /* If PMP is supported, we have to do follow-up SRST. As some * PMPs don't send D2H Reg FIS after hardreset, LLDs are * advised to wait only for the following duration before * doing SRST. */ ATA_TMOUT_PMP_SRST_WAIT = 5000, /* When the LPM policy is set to ATA_LPM_MAX_POWER, there might * be a spurious PHY event, so ignore the first PHY event that * occurs within 10s after the policy change. */ ATA_TMOUT_SPURIOUS_PHY = 10000, /* ATA bus states */ BUS_UNKNOWN = 0, BUS_DMA = 1, BUS_IDLE = 2, BUS_NOINTR = 3, BUS_NODATA = 4, BUS_TIMER = 5, BUS_PIO = 6, BUS_EDD = 7, BUS_IDENTIFY = 8, BUS_PACKET = 9, /* SATA port states */ PORT_UNKNOWN = 0, PORT_ENABLED = 1, PORT_DISABLED = 2, /* encoding various smaller bitmaps into a single * unsigned long bitmap */ ATA_NR_PIO_MODES = 7, ATA_NR_MWDMA_MODES = 5, ATA_NR_UDMA_MODES = 8, ATA_SHIFT_PIO = 0, ATA_SHIFT_MWDMA = ATA_SHIFT_PIO + ATA_NR_PIO_MODES, ATA_SHIFT_UDMA = ATA_SHIFT_MWDMA + ATA_NR_MWDMA_MODES, ATA_SHIFT_PRIO = 6, ATA_PRIO_HIGH = 2, /* size of buffer to pad xfers ending on unaligned boundaries */ ATA_DMA_PAD_SZ = 4, /* ering size */ ATA_ERING_SIZE = 32, /* return values for ->qc_defer */ ATA_DEFER_LINK = 1, ATA_DEFER_PORT = 2, /* desc_len for ata_eh_info and context */ ATA_EH_DESC_LEN = 80, /* reset / recovery action types */ ATA_EH_REVALIDATE = (1 << 0), ATA_EH_SOFTRESET = (1 << 1), /* meaningful only in ->prereset */ ATA_EH_HARDRESET = (1 << 2), /* meaningful only in ->prereset */ ATA_EH_RESET = ATA_EH_SOFTRESET | ATA_EH_HARDRESET, ATA_EH_ENABLE_LINK = (1 << 3), ATA_EH_PARK = (1 << 5), /* unload heads and stop I/O */ ATA_EH_PERDEV_MASK = ATA_EH_REVALIDATE | ATA_EH_PARK, ATA_EH_ALL_ACTIONS = ATA_EH_REVALIDATE | ATA_EH_RESET | ATA_EH_ENABLE_LINK, /* ata_eh_info->flags */ ATA_EHI_HOTPLUGGED = (1 << 0), /* could have been hotplugged */ ATA_EHI_NO_AUTOPSY = (1 << 2), /* no autopsy */ ATA_EHI_QUIET = (1 << 3), /* be quiet */ ATA_EHI_NO_RECOVERY = (1 << 4), /* no recovery */ ATA_EHI_DID_SOFTRESET = (1 << 16), /* already soft-reset this port */ ATA_EHI_DID_HARDRESET = (1 << 17), /* already soft-reset this port */ ATA_EHI_PRINTINFO = (1 << 18), /* print configuration info */ ATA_EHI_SETMODE = (1 << 19), /* configure transfer mode */ ATA_EHI_POST_SETMODE = (1 << 20), /* revalidating after setmode */ ATA_EHI_DID_RESET = ATA_EHI_DID_SOFTRESET | ATA_EHI_DID_HARDRESET, /* mask of flags to transfer *to* the slave link */ ATA_EHI_TO_SLAVE_MASK = ATA_EHI_NO_AUTOPSY | ATA_EHI_QUIET, /* max tries if error condition is still set after ->error_handler */ ATA_EH_MAX_TRIES = 5, /* sometimes resuming a link requires several retries */ ATA_LINK_RESUME_TRIES = 5, /* how hard are we gonna try to probe/recover devices */ ATA_PROBE_MAX_TRIES = 3, ATA_EH_DEV_TRIES = 3, ATA_EH_PMP_TRIES = 5, ATA_EH_PMP_LINK_TRIES = 3, SATA_PMP_RW_TIMEOUT = 3000, /* PMP read/write timeout */ /* This should match the actual table size of * ata_eh_cmd_timeout_table in libata-eh.c. */ ATA_EH_CMD_TIMEOUT_TABLE_SIZE = 7, /* Horkage types. May be set by libata or controller on drives (some horkage may be drive/controller pair dependent */ ATA_HORKAGE_DIAGNOSTIC = (1 << 0), /* Failed boot diag */ ATA_HORKAGE_NODMA = (1 << 1), /* DMA problems */ ATA_HORKAGE_NONCQ = (1 << 2), /* Don't use NCQ */ ATA_HORKAGE_MAX_SEC_128 = (1 << 3), /* Limit max sects to 128 */ ATA_HORKAGE_BROKEN_HPA = (1 << 4), /* Broken HPA */ ATA_HORKAGE_DISABLE = (1 << 5), /* Disable it */ ATA_HORKAGE_HPA_SIZE = (1 << 6), /* native size off by one */ ATA_HORKAGE_IVB = (1 << 8), /* cbl det validity bit bugs */ ATA_HORKAGE_STUCK_ERR = (1 << 9), /* stuck ERR on next PACKET */ ATA_HORKAGE_BRIDGE_OK = (1 << 10), /* no bridge limits */ ATA_HORKAGE_ATAPI_MOD16_DMA = (1 << 11), /* use ATAPI DMA for commands not multiple of 16 bytes */ ATA_HORKAGE_FIRMWARE_WARN = (1 << 12), /* firmware update warning */ ATA_HORKAGE_1_5_GBPS = (1 << 13), /* force 1.5 Gbps */ ATA_HORKAGE_NOSETXFER = (1 << 14), /* skip SETXFER, SATA only */ ATA_HORKAGE_BROKEN_FPDMA_AA = (1 << 15), /* skip AA */ ATA_HORKAGE_DUMP_ID = (1 << 16), /* dump IDENTIFY data */ ATA_HORKAGE_MAX_SEC_LBA48 = (1 << 17), /* Set max sects to 65535 */ ATA_HORKAGE_ATAPI_DMADIR = (1 << 18), /* device requires dmadir */ ATA_HORKAGE_NO_NCQ_TRIM = (1 << 19), /* don't use queued TRIM */ ATA_HORKAGE_NOLPM = (1 << 20), /* don't use LPM */ ATA_HORKAGE_WD_BROKEN_LPM = (1 << 21), /* some WDs have broken LPM */ ATA_HORKAGE_ZERO_AFTER_TRIM = (1 << 22),/* guarantees zero after trim */ ATA_HORKAGE_NO_DMA_LOG = (1 << 23), /* don't use DMA for log read */ ATA_HORKAGE_NOTRIM = (1 << 24), /* don't use TRIM */ ATA_HORKAGE_MAX_SEC_1024 = (1 << 25), /* Limit max sects to 1024 */ ATA_HORKAGE_MAX_TRIM_128M = (1 << 26), /* Limit max trim size to 128M */ ATA_HORKAGE_NO_NCQ_ON_ATI = (1 << 27), /* Disable NCQ on ATI chipset */ /* DMA mask for user DMA control: User visible values; DO NOT renumber */ ATA_DMA_MASK_ATA = (1 << 0), /* DMA on ATA Disk */ ATA_DMA_MASK_ATAPI = (1 << 1), /* DMA on ATAPI */ ATA_DMA_MASK_CFA = (1 << 2), /* DMA on CF Card */ /* ATAPI command types */ ATAPI_READ = 0, /* READs */ ATAPI_WRITE = 1, /* WRITEs */ ATAPI_READ_CD = 2, /* READ CD [MSF] */ ATAPI_PASS_THRU = 3, /* SAT pass-thru */ ATAPI_MISC = 4, /* the rest */ /* Timing constants */ ATA_TIMING_SETUP = (1 << 0), ATA_TIMING_ACT8B = (1 << 1), ATA_TIMING_REC8B = (1 << 2), ATA_TIMING_CYC8B = (1 << 3), ATA_TIMING_8BIT = ATA_TIMING_ACT8B | ATA_TIMING_REC8B | ATA_TIMING_CYC8B, ATA_TIMING_ACTIVE = (1 << 4), ATA_TIMING_RECOVER = (1 << 5), ATA_TIMING_DMACK_HOLD = (1 << 6), ATA_TIMING_CYCLE = (1 << 7), ATA_TIMING_UDMA = (1 << 8), ATA_TIMING_ALL = ATA_TIMING_SETUP | ATA_TIMING_ACT8B | ATA_TIMING_REC8B | ATA_TIMING_CYC8B | ATA_TIMING_ACTIVE | ATA_TIMING_RECOVER | ATA_TIMING_DMACK_HOLD | ATA_TIMING_CYCLE | ATA_TIMING_UDMA, /* ACPI constants */ ATA_ACPI_FILTER_SETXFER = 1 << 0, ATA_ACPI_FILTER_LOCK = 1 << 1, ATA_ACPI_FILTER_DIPM = 1 << 2, ATA_ACPI_FILTER_FPDMA_OFFSET = 1 << 3, /* FPDMA non-zero offset */ ATA_ACPI_FILTER_FPDMA_AA = 1 << 4, /* FPDMA auto activate */ ATA_ACPI_FILTER_DEFAULT = ATA_ACPI_FILTER_SETXFER | ATA_ACPI_FILTER_LOCK | ATA_ACPI_FILTER_DIPM, }; enum ata_xfer_mask { ATA_MASK_PIO = ((1LU << ATA_NR_PIO_MODES) - 1) << ATA_SHIFT_PIO, ATA_MASK_MWDMA = ((1LU << ATA_NR_MWDMA_MODES) - 1) << ATA_SHIFT_MWDMA, ATA_MASK_UDMA = ((1LU << ATA_NR_UDMA_MODES) - 1) << ATA_SHIFT_UDMA, }; enum hsm_task_states { HSM_ST_IDLE, /* no command on going */ HSM_ST_FIRST, /* (waiting the device to) write CDB or first data block */ HSM_ST, /* (waiting the device to) transfer data */ HSM_ST_LAST, /* (waiting the device to) complete command */ HSM_ST_ERR, /* error */ }; enum ata_completion_errors { AC_ERR_OK = 0, /* no error */ AC_ERR_DEV = (1 << 0), /* device reported error */ AC_ERR_HSM = (1 << 1), /* host state machine violation */ AC_ERR_TIMEOUT = (1 << 2), /* timeout */ AC_ERR_MEDIA = (1 << 3), /* media error */ AC_ERR_ATA_BUS = (1 << 4), /* ATA bus error */ AC_ERR_HOST_BUS = (1 << 5), /* host bus error */ AC_ERR_SYSTEM = (1 << 6), /* system error */ AC_ERR_INVALID = (1 << 7), /* invalid argument */ AC_ERR_OTHER = (1 << 8), /* unknown */ AC_ERR_NODEV_HINT = (1 << 9), /* polling device detection hint */ AC_ERR_NCQ = (1 << 10), /* marker for offending NCQ qc */ }; /* * Link power management policy: If you alter this, you also need to * alter libata-scsi.c (for the ascii descriptions) */ enum ata_lpm_policy { ATA_LPM_UNKNOWN, ATA_LPM_MAX_POWER, ATA_LPM_MED_POWER, ATA_LPM_MED_POWER_WITH_DIPM, /* Med power + DIPM as win IRST does */ ATA_LPM_MIN_POWER_WITH_PARTIAL, /* Min Power + partial and slumber */ ATA_LPM_MIN_POWER, /* Min power + no partial (slumber only) */ }; enum ata_lpm_hints { ATA_LPM_EMPTY = (1 << 0), /* port empty/probing */ ATA_LPM_HIPM = (1 << 1), /* may use HIPM */ ATA_LPM_WAKE_ONLY = (1 << 2), /* only wake up link */ }; /* forward declarations */ struct scsi_device; struct ata_port_operations; struct ata_port; struct ata_link; struct ata_queued_cmd; /* typedefs */ typedef void (*ata_qc_cb_t) (struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); typedef int (*ata_prereset_fn_t)(struct ata_link *link, unsigned long deadline); typedef int (*ata_reset_fn_t)(struct ata_link *link, unsigned int *classes, unsigned long deadline); typedef void (*ata_postreset_fn_t)(struct ata_link *link, unsigned int *classes); extern struct device_attribute dev_attr_unload_heads; #ifdef CONFIG_SATA_HOST extern struct device_attribute dev_attr_link_power_management_policy; extern struct device_attribute dev_attr_ncq_prio_enable; extern struct device_attribute dev_attr_em_message_type; extern struct device_attribute dev_attr_em_message; extern struct device_attribute dev_attr_sw_activity; #endif enum sw_activity { OFF, BLINK_ON, BLINK_OFF, }; struct ata_taskfile { unsigned long flags; /* ATA_TFLAG_xxx */ u8 protocol; /* ATA_PROT_xxx */ u8 ctl; /* control reg */ u8 hob_feature; /* additional data */ u8 hob_nsect; /* to support LBA48 */ u8 hob_lbal; u8 hob_lbam; u8 hob_lbah; u8 feature; u8 nsect; u8 lbal; u8 lbam; u8 lbah; u8 device; u8 command; /* IO operation */ u32 auxiliary; /* auxiliary field */ /* from SATA 3.1 and */ /* ATA-8 ACS-3 */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_ATA_SFF struct ata_ioports { void __iomem *cmd_addr; void __iomem *data_addr; void __iomem *error_addr; void __iomem *feature_addr; void __iomem *nsect_addr; void __iomem *lbal_addr; void __iomem *lbam_addr; void __iomem *lbah_addr; void __iomem *device_addr; void __iomem *status_addr; void __iomem *command_addr; void __iomem *altstatus_addr; void __iomem *ctl_addr; #ifdef CONFIG_ATA_BMDMA void __iomem *bmdma_addr; #endif /* CONFIG_ATA_BMDMA */ void __iomem *scr_addr; }; #endif /* CONFIG_ATA_SFF */ struct ata_host { spinlock_t lock; struct device *dev; void __iomem * const *iomap; unsigned int n_ports; unsigned int n_tags; /* nr of NCQ tags */ void *private_data; struct ata_port_operations *ops; unsigned long flags; struct kref kref; struct mutex eh_mutex; struct task_struct *eh_owner; struct ata_port *simplex_claimed; /* channel owning the DMA */ struct ata_port *ports[]; }; struct ata_queued_cmd { struct ata_port *ap; struct ata_device *dev; struct scsi_cmnd *scsicmd; void (*scsidone)(struct scsi_cmnd *); struct ata_taskfile tf; u8 cdb[ATAPI_CDB_LEN]; unsigned long flags; /* ATA_QCFLAG_xxx */ unsigned int tag; /* libata core tag */ unsigned int hw_tag; /* driver tag */ unsigned int n_elem; unsigned int orig_n_elem; int dma_dir; unsigned int sect_size; unsigned int nbytes; unsigned int extrabytes; unsigned int curbytes; struct scatterlist sgent; struct scatterlist *sg; struct scatterlist *cursg; unsigned int cursg_ofs; unsigned int err_mask; struct ata_taskfile result_tf; ata_qc_cb_t complete_fn; void *private_data; void *lldd_task; }; struct ata_port_stats { unsigned long unhandled_irq; unsigned long idle_irq; unsigned long rw_reqbuf; }; struct ata_ering_entry { unsigned int eflags; unsigned int err_mask; u64 timestamp; }; struct ata_ering { int cursor; struct ata_ering_entry ring[ATA_ERING_SIZE]; }; struct ata_device { struct ata_link *link; unsigned int devno; /* 0 or 1 */ unsigned int horkage; /* List of broken features */ unsigned long flags; /* ATA_DFLAG_xxx */ struct scsi_device *sdev; /* attached SCSI device */ void *private_data; #ifdef CONFIG_ATA_ACPI union acpi_object *gtf_cache; unsigned int gtf_filter; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SATA_ZPODD void *zpodd; #endif struct device tdev; /* n_sector is CLEAR_BEGIN, read comment above CLEAR_BEGIN */ u64 n_sectors; /* size of device, if ATA */ u64 n_native_sectors; /* native size, if ATA */ unsigned int class; /* ATA_DEV_xxx */ unsigned long unpark_deadline; u8 pio_mode; u8 dma_mode; u8 xfer_mode; unsigned int xfer_shift; /* ATA_SHIFT_xxx */ unsigned int multi_count; /* sectors count for READ/WRITE MULTIPLE */ unsigned int max_sectors; /* per-device max sectors */ unsigned int cdb_len; /* per-dev xfer mask */ unsigned long pio_mask; unsigned long mwdma_mask; unsigned long udma_mask; /* for CHS addressing */ u16 cylinders; /* Number of cylinders */ u16 heads; /* Number of heads */ u16 sectors; /* Number of sectors per track */ union { u16 id[ATA_ID_WORDS]; /* IDENTIFY xxx DEVICE data */ u32 gscr[SATA_PMP_GSCR_DWORDS]; /* PMP GSCR block */ } ____cacheline_aligned; /* DEVSLP Timing Variables from Identify Device Data Log */ u8 devslp_timing[ATA_LOG_DEVSLP_SIZE]; /* NCQ send and receive log subcommand support */ u8 ncq_send_recv_cmds[ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_SIZE]; u8 ncq_non_data_cmds[ATA_LOG_NCQ_NON_DATA_SIZE]; /* ZAC zone configuration */ u32 zac_zoned_cap; u32 zac_zones_optimal_open; u32 zac_zones_optimal_nonseq; u32 zac_zones_max_open; /* error history */ int spdn_cnt; /* ering is CLEAR_END, read comment above CLEAR_END */ struct ata_ering ering; }; /* Fields between ATA_DEVICE_CLEAR_BEGIN and ATA_DEVICE_CLEAR_END are * cleared to zero on ata_dev_init(). */ #define ATA_DEVICE_CLEAR_BEGIN offsetof(struct ata_device, n_sectors) #define ATA_DEVICE_CLEAR_END offsetof(struct ata_device, ering) struct ata_eh_info { struct ata_device *dev; /* offending device */ u32 serror; /* SError from LLDD */ unsigned int err_mask; /* port-wide err_mask */ unsigned int action; /* ATA_EH_* action mask */ unsigned int dev_action[ATA_MAX_DEVICES]; /* dev EH action */ unsigned int flags; /* ATA_EHI_* flags */ unsigned int probe_mask; char desc[ATA_EH_DESC_LEN]; int desc_len; }; struct ata_eh_context { struct ata_eh_info i; int tries[ATA_MAX_DEVICES]; int cmd_timeout_idx[ATA_MAX_DEVICES] [ATA_EH_CMD_TIMEOUT_TABLE_SIZE]; unsigned int classes[ATA_MAX_DEVICES]; unsigned int did_probe_mask; unsigned int unloaded_mask; unsigned int saved_ncq_enabled; u8 saved_xfer_mode[ATA_MAX_DEVICES]; /* timestamp for the last reset attempt or success */ unsigned long last_reset; }; struct ata_acpi_drive { u32 pio; u32 dma; } __packed; struct ata_acpi_gtm { struct ata_acpi_drive drive[2]; u32 flags; } __packed; struct ata_link { struct ata_port *ap; int pmp; /* port multiplier port # */ struct device tdev; unsigned int active_tag; /* active tag on this link */ u32 sactive; /* active NCQ commands */ unsigned int flags; /* ATA_LFLAG_xxx */ u32 saved_scontrol; /* SControl on probe */ unsigned int hw_sata_spd_limit; unsigned int sata_spd_limit; unsigned int sata_spd; /* current SATA PHY speed */ enum ata_lpm_policy lpm_policy; /* record runtime error info, protected by host_set lock */ struct ata_eh_info eh_info; /* EH context */ struct ata_eh_context eh_context; struct ata_device device[ATA_MAX_DEVICES]; unsigned long last_lpm_change; /* when last LPM change happened */ }; #define ATA_LINK_CLEAR_BEGIN offsetof(struct ata_link, active_tag) #define ATA_LINK_CLEAR_END offsetof(struct ata_link, device[0]) struct ata_port { struct Scsi_Host *scsi_host; /* our co-allocated scsi host */ struct ata_port_operations *ops; spinlock_t *lock; /* Flags owned by the EH context. Only EH should touch these once the port is active */ unsigned long flags; /* ATA_FLAG_xxx */ /* Flags that change dynamically, protected by ap->lock */ unsigned int pflags; /* ATA_PFLAG_xxx */ unsigned int print_id; /* user visible unique port ID */ unsigned int local_port_no; /* host local port num */ unsigned int port_no; /* 0 based port no. inside the host */ #ifdef CONFIG_ATA_SFF struct ata_ioports ioaddr; /* ATA cmd/ctl/dma register blocks */ u8 ctl; /* cache of ATA control register */ u8 last_ctl; /* Cache last written value */ struct ata_link* sff_pio_task_link; /* link currently used */ struct delayed_work sff_pio_task; #ifdef CONFIG_ATA_BMDMA struct ata_bmdma_prd *bmdma_prd; /* BMDMA SG list */ dma_addr_t bmdma_prd_dma; /* and its DMA mapping */ #endif /* CONFIG_ATA_BMDMA */ #endif /* CONFIG_ATA_SFF */ unsigned int pio_mask; unsigned int mwdma_mask; unsigned int udma_mask; unsigned int cbl; /* cable type; ATA_CBL_xxx */ struct ata_queued_cmd qcmd[ATA_MAX_QUEUE + 1]; unsigned long sas_tag_allocated; /* for sas tag allocation only */ u64 qc_active; int nr_active_links; /* #links with active qcs */ unsigned int sas_last_tag; /* track next tag hw expects */ struct ata_link link; /* host default link */ struct ata_link *slave_link; /* see ata_slave_link_init() */ int nr_pmp_links; /* nr of available PMP links */ struct ata_link *pmp_link; /* array of PMP links */ struct ata_link *excl_link; /* for PMP qc exclusion */ struct ata_port_stats stats; struct ata_host *host; struct device *dev; struct device tdev; struct mutex scsi_scan_mutex; struct delayed_work hotplug_task; struct work_struct scsi_rescan_task; unsigned int hsm_task_state; u32 msg_enable; struct list_head eh_done_q; wait_queue_head_t eh_wait_q; int eh_tries; struct completion park_req_pending; pm_message_t pm_mesg; enum ata_lpm_policy target_lpm_policy; struct timer_list fastdrain_timer; unsigned long fastdrain_cnt; async_cookie_t cookie; int em_message_type; void *private_data; #ifdef CONFIG_ATA_ACPI struct ata_acpi_gtm __acpi_init_gtm; /* use ata_acpi_init_gtm() */ #endif /* owned by EH */ u8 sector_buf[ATA_SECT_SIZE] ____cacheline_aligned; }; /* The following initializer overrides a method to NULL whether one of * its parent has the method defined or not. This is equivalent to * ERR_PTR(-ENOENT). Unfortunately, ERR_PTR doesn't render a constant * expression and thus can't be used as an initializer. */ #define ATA_OP_NULL (void *)(unsigned long)(-ENOENT) struct ata_port_operations { /* * Command execution */ int (*qc_defer)(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); int (*check_atapi_dma)(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); enum ata_completion_errors (*qc_prep)(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); unsigned int (*qc_issue)(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); bool (*qc_fill_rtf)(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); /* * Configuration and exception handling */ int (*cable_detect)(struct ata_port *ap); unsigned long (*mode_filter)(struct ata_device *dev, unsigned long xfer_mask); void (*set_piomode)(struct ata_port *ap, struct ata_device *dev); void (*set_dmamode)(struct ata_port *ap, struct ata_device *dev); int (*set_mode)(struct ata_link *link, struct ata_device **r_failed_dev); unsigned int (*read_id)(struct ata_device *dev, struct ata_taskfile *tf, u16 *id); void (*dev_config)(struct ata_device *dev); void (*freeze)(struct ata_port *ap); void (*thaw)(struct ata_port *ap); ata_prereset_fn_t prereset; ata_reset_fn_t softreset; ata_reset_fn_t hardreset; ata_postreset_fn_t postreset; ata_prereset_fn_t pmp_prereset; ata_reset_fn_t pmp_softreset; ata_reset_fn_t pmp_hardreset; ata_postreset_fn_t pmp_postreset; void (*error_handler)(struct ata_port *ap); void (*lost_interrupt)(struct ata_port *ap); void (*post_internal_cmd)(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); void (*sched_eh)(struct ata_port *ap); void (*end_eh)(struct ata_port *ap); /* * Optional features */ int (*scr_read)(struct ata_link *link, unsigned int sc_reg, u32 *val); int (*scr_write)(struct ata_link *link, unsigned int sc_reg, u32 val); void (*pmp_attach)(struct ata_port *ap); void (*pmp_detach)(struct ata_port *ap); int (*set_lpm)(struct ata_link *link, enum ata_lpm_policy policy, unsigned hints); /* * Start, stop, suspend and resume */ int (*port_suspend)(struct ata_port *ap, pm_message_t mesg); int (*port_resume)(struct ata_port *ap); int (*port_start)(struct ata_port *ap); void (*port_stop)(struct ata_port *ap); void (*host_stop)(struct ata_host *host); #ifdef CONFIG_ATA_SFF /* * SFF / taskfile oriented ops */ void (*sff_dev_select)(struct ata_port *ap, unsigned int device); void (*sff_set_devctl)(struct ata_port *ap, u8 ctl); u8 (*sff_check_status)(struct ata_port *ap); u8 (*sff_check_altstatus)(struct ata_port *ap); void (*sff_tf_load)(struct ata_port *ap, const struct ata_taskfile *tf); void (*sff_tf_read)(struct ata_port *ap, struct ata_taskfile *tf); void (*sff_exec_command)(struct ata_port *ap, const struct ata_taskfile *tf); unsigned int (*sff_data_xfer)(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc, unsigned char *buf, unsigned int buflen, int rw); void (*sff_irq_on)(struct ata_port *); bool (*sff_irq_check)(struct ata_port *); void (*sff_irq_clear)(struct ata_port *); void (*sff_drain_fifo)(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); #ifdef CONFIG_ATA_BMDMA void (*bmdma_setup)(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); void (*bmdma_start)(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); void (*bmdma_stop)(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); u8 (*bmdma_status)(struct ata_port *ap); #endif /* CONFIG_ATA_BMDMA */ #endif /* CONFIG_ATA_SFF */ ssize_t (*em_show)(struct ata_port *ap, char *buf); ssize_t (*em_store)(struct ata_port *ap, const char *message, size_t size); ssize_t (*sw_activity_show)(struct ata_device *dev, char *buf); ssize_t (*sw_activity_store)(struct ata_device *dev, enum sw_activity val); ssize_t (*transmit_led_message)(struct ata_port *ap, u32 state, ssize_t size); /* * Obsolete */ void (*phy_reset)(struct ata_port *ap); void (*eng_timeout)(struct ata_port *ap); /* * ->inherits must be the last field and all the preceding * fields must be pointers. */ const struct ata_port_operations *inherits; }; struct ata_port_info { unsigned long flags; unsigned long link_flags; unsigned long pio_mask; unsigned long mwdma_mask; unsigned long udma_mask; struct ata_port_operations *port_ops; void *private_data; }; struct ata_timing { unsigned short mode; /* ATA mode */ unsigned short setup; /* t1 */ unsigned short act8b; /* t2 for 8-bit I/O */ unsigned short rec8b; /* t2i for 8-bit I/O */ unsigned short cyc8b; /* t0 for 8-bit I/O */ unsigned short active; /* t2 or tD */ unsigned short recover; /* t2i or tK */ unsigned short dmack_hold; /* tj */ unsigned short cycle; /* t0 */ unsigned short udma; /* t2CYCTYP/2 */ }; /* * Core layer - drivers/ata/libata-core.c */ extern struct ata_port_operations ata_dummy_port_ops; extern const struct ata_port_info ata_dummy_port_info; static inline bool ata_is_atapi(u8 prot) { return prot & ATA_PROT_FLAG_ATAPI; } static inline bool ata_is_pio(u8 prot) { return prot & ATA_PROT_FLAG_PIO; } static inline bool ata_is_dma(u8 prot) { return prot & ATA_PROT_FLAG_DMA; } static inline bool ata_is_ncq(u8 prot) { return prot & ATA_PROT_FLAG_NCQ; } static inline bool ata_is_data(u8 prot) { return prot & (ATA_PROT_FLAG_PIO | ATA_PROT_FLAG_DMA); } static inline int is_multi_taskfile(struct ata_taskfile *tf) { return (tf->command == ATA_CMD_READ_MULTI) || (tf->command == ATA_CMD_WRITE_MULTI) || (tf->command == ATA_CMD_READ_MULTI_EXT) || (tf->command == ATA_CMD_WRITE_MULTI_EXT) || (tf->command == ATA_CMD_WRITE_MULTI_FUA_EXT); } static inline int ata_port_is_dummy(struct ata_port *ap) { return ap->ops == &ata_dummy_port_ops; } extern int ata_std_prereset(struct ata_link *link, unsigned long deadline); extern int ata_wait_after_reset(struct ata_link *link, unsigned long deadline, int (*check_ready)(struct ata_link *link)); extern int sata_std_hardreset(struct ata_link *link, unsigned int *class, unsigned long deadline); extern void ata_std_postreset(struct ata_link *link, unsigned int *classes); extern struct ata_host *ata_host_alloc(struct device *dev, int max_ports); extern struct ata_host *ata_host_alloc_pinfo(struct device *dev, const struct ata_port_info * const * ppi, int n_ports); extern void ata_host_get(struct ata_host *host); extern void ata_host_put(struct ata_host *host); extern int ata_host_start(struct ata_host *host); extern int ata_host_register(struct ata_host *host, struct scsi_host_template *sht); extern int ata_host_activate(struct ata_host *host, int irq, irq_handler_t irq_handler, unsigned long irq_flags, struct scsi_host_template *sht); extern void ata_host_detach(struct ata_host *host); extern void ata_host_init(struct ata_host *, struct device *, struct ata_port_operations *); extern int ata_scsi_detect(struct scsi_host_template *sht); extern int ata_scsi_ioctl(struct scsi_device *dev, unsigned int cmd, void __user *arg); #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT #define ATA_SCSI_COMPAT_IOCTL .compat_ioctl = ata_scsi_ioctl, #else #define ATA_SCSI_COMPAT_IOCTL /* empty */ #endif extern int ata_scsi_queuecmd(struct Scsi_Host *h, struct scsi_cmnd *cmd); #if IS_REACHABLE(CONFIG_ATA) bool ata_scsi_dma_need_drain(struct request *rq); #else #define ata_scsi_dma_need_drain NULL #endif extern int ata_sas_scsi_ioctl(struct ata_port *ap, struct scsi_device *dev, unsigned int cmd, void __user *arg); extern bool ata_link_online(struct ata_link *link); extern bool ata_link_offline(struct ata_link *link); #ifdef CONFIG_PM extern int ata_host_suspend(struct ata_host *host, pm_message_t mesg); extern void ata_host_resume(struct ata_host *host); extern void ata_sas_port_suspend(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_sas_port_resume(struct ata_port *ap); #else static inline void ata_sas_port_suspend(struct ata_port *ap) { } static inline void ata_sas_port_resume(struct ata_port *ap) { } #endif extern int ata_ratelimit(void); extern void ata_msleep(struct ata_port *ap, unsigned int msecs); extern u32 ata_wait_register(struct ata_port *ap, void __iomem *reg, u32 mask, u32 val, unsigned long interval, unsigned long timeout); extern int atapi_cmd_type(u8 opcode); extern unsigned long ata_pack_xfermask(unsigned long pio_mask, unsigned long mwdma_mask, unsigned long udma_mask); extern void ata_unpack_xfermask(unsigned long xfer_mask, unsigned long *pio_mask, unsigned long *mwdma_mask, unsigned long *udma_mask); extern u8 ata_xfer_mask2mode(unsigned long xfer_mask); extern unsigned long ata_xfer_mode2mask(u8 xfer_mode); extern int ata_xfer_mode2shift(unsigned long xfer_mode); extern const char *ata_mode_string(unsigned long xfer_mask); extern unsigned long ata_id_xfermask(const u16 *id); extern int ata_std_qc_defer(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern enum ata_completion_errors ata_noop_qc_prep(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern void ata_sg_init(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc, struct scatterlist *sg, unsigned int n_elem); extern unsigned int ata_dev_classify(const struct ata_taskfile *tf); extern void ata_dev_disable(struct ata_device *adev); extern void ata_id_string(const u16 *id, unsigned char *s, unsigned int ofs, unsigned int len); extern void ata_id_c_string(const u16 *id, unsigned char *s, unsigned int ofs, unsigned int len); extern unsigned int ata_do_dev_read_id(struct ata_device *dev, struct ata_taskfile *tf, u16 *id); extern void ata_qc_complete(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern u64 ata_qc_get_active(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_scsi_simulate(struct ata_device *dev, struct scsi_cmnd *cmd); extern int ata_std_bios_param(struct scsi_device *sdev, struct block_device *bdev, sector_t capacity, int geom[]); extern void ata_scsi_unlock_native_capacity(struct scsi_device *sdev); extern int ata_scsi_slave_config(struct scsi_device *sdev); extern void ata_scsi_slave_destroy(struct scsi_device *sdev); extern int ata_scsi_change_queue_depth(struct scsi_device *sdev, int queue_depth); extern int __ata_change_queue_depth(struct ata_port *ap, struct scsi_device *sdev, int queue_depth); extern struct ata_device *ata_dev_pair(struct ata_device *adev); extern int ata_do_set_mode(struct ata_link *link, struct ata_device **r_failed_dev); extern void ata_scsi_port_error_handler(struct Scsi_Host *host, struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_scsi_cmd_error_handler(struct Scsi_Host *host, struct ata_port *ap, struct list_head *eh_q); /* * SATA specific code - drivers/ata/libata-sata.c */ #ifdef CONFIG_SATA_HOST extern const unsigned long sata_deb_timing_normal[]; extern const unsigned long sata_deb_timing_hotplug[]; extern const unsigned long sata_deb_timing_long[]; static inline const unsigned long * sata_ehc_deb_timing(struct ata_eh_context *ehc) { if (ehc->i.flags & ATA_EHI_HOTPLUGGED) return sata_deb_timing_hotplug; else return sata_deb_timing_normal; } extern int sata_scr_valid(struct ata_link *link); extern int sata_scr_read(struct ata_link *link, int reg, u32 *val); extern int sata_scr_write(struct ata_link *link, int reg, u32 val); extern int sata_scr_write_flush(struct ata_link *link, int reg, u32 val); extern int sata_set_spd(struct ata_link *link); extern int sata_link_hardreset(struct ata_link *link, const unsigned long *timing, unsigned long deadline, bool *online, int (*check_ready)(struct ata_link *)); extern int sata_link_resume(struct ata_link *link, const unsigned long *params, unsigned long deadline); extern void ata_eh_analyze_ncq_error(struct ata_link *link); #else static inline const unsigned long * sata_ehc_deb_timing(struct ata_eh_context *ehc) { return NULL; } static inline int sata_scr_valid(struct ata_link *link) { return 0; } static inline int sata_scr_read(struct ata_link *link, int reg, u32 *val) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int sata_scr_write(struct ata_link *link, int reg, u32 val) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int sata_scr_write_flush(struct ata_link *link, int reg, u32 val) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int sata_set_spd(struct ata_link *link) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int sata_link_hardreset(struct ata_link *link, const unsigned long *timing, unsigned long deadline, bool *online, int (*check_ready)(struct ata_link *)) { if (online) *online = false; return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int sata_link_resume(struct ata_link *link, const unsigned long *params, unsigned long deadline) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline void ata_eh_analyze_ncq_error(struct ata_link *link) { } #endif extern int sata_link_debounce(struct ata_link *link, const unsigned long *params, unsigned long deadline); extern int sata_link_scr_lpm(struct ata_link *link, enum ata_lpm_policy policy, bool spm_wakeup); extern int ata_slave_link_init(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_sas_port_destroy(struct ata_port *); extern struct ata_port *ata_sas_port_alloc(struct ata_host *, struct ata_port_info *, struct Scsi_Host *); extern void ata_sas_async_probe(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_sas_sync_probe(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_sas_port_init(struct ata_port *); extern int ata_sas_port_start(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_sas_tport_add(struct device *parent, struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_sas_tport_delete(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_sas_port_stop(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_sas_slave_configure(struct scsi_device *, struct ata_port *); extern int ata_sas_queuecmd(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd, struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_tf_to_fis(const struct ata_taskfile *tf, u8 pmp, int is_cmd, u8 *fis); extern void ata_tf_from_fis(const u8 *fis, struct ata_taskfile *tf); extern int ata_qc_complete_multiple(struct ata_port *ap, u64 qc_active); extern bool sata_lpm_ignore_phy_events(struct ata_link *link); extern int sata_async_notification(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_cable_40wire(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_cable_80wire(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_cable_sata(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_cable_ignore(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_cable_unknown(struct ata_port *ap); /* Timing helpers */ extern unsigned int ata_pio_need_iordy(const struct ata_device *); extern u8 ata_timing_cycle2mode(unsigned int xfer_shift, int cycle); /* PCI */ #ifdef CONFIG_PCI struct pci_dev; struct pci_bits { unsigned int reg; /* PCI config register to read */ unsigned int width; /* 1 (8 bit), 2 (16 bit), 4 (32 bit) */ unsigned long mask; unsigned long val; }; extern int pci_test_config_bits(struct pci_dev *pdev, const struct pci_bits *bits); extern void ata_pci_shutdown_one(struct pci_dev *pdev); extern void ata_pci_remove_one(struct pci_dev *pdev); #ifdef CONFIG_PM extern void ata_pci_device_do_suspend(struct pci_dev *pdev, pm_message_t mesg); extern int __must_check ata_pci_device_do_resume(struct pci_dev *pdev); extern int ata_pci_device_suspend(struct pci_dev *pdev, pm_message_t mesg); extern int ata_pci_device_resume(struct pci_dev *pdev); #endif /* CONFIG_PM */ #endif /* CONFIG_PCI */ struct platform_device; extern int ata_platform_remove_one(struct platform_device *pdev); /* * ACPI - drivers/ata/libata-acpi.c */ #ifdef CONFIG_ATA_ACPI static inline const struct ata_acpi_gtm *ata_acpi_init_gtm(struct ata_port *ap) { if (ap->pflags & ATA_PFLAG_INIT_GTM_VALID) return &ap->__acpi_init_gtm; return NULL; } int ata_acpi_stm(struct ata_port *ap, const struct ata_acpi_gtm *stm); int ata_acpi_gtm(struct ata_port *ap, struct ata_acpi_gtm *stm); unsigned long ata_acpi_gtm_xfermask(struct ata_device *dev, const struct ata_acpi_gtm *gtm); int ata_acpi_cbl_80wire(struct ata_port *ap, const struct ata_acpi_gtm *gtm); #else static inline const struct ata_acpi_gtm *ata_acpi_init_gtm(struct ata_port *ap) { return NULL; } static inline int ata_acpi_stm(const struct ata_port *ap, struct ata_acpi_gtm *stm) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int ata_acpi_gtm(const struct ata_port *ap, struct ata_acpi_gtm *stm) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline unsigned int ata_acpi_gtm_xfermask(struct ata_device *dev, const struct ata_acpi_gtm *gtm) { return 0; } static inline int ata_acpi_cbl_80wire(struct ata_port *ap, const struct ata_acpi_gtm *gtm) { return 0; } #endif /* * EH - drivers/ata/libata-eh.c */ extern void ata_port_schedule_eh(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_port_wait_eh(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_link_abort(struct ata_link *link); extern int ata_port_abort(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_port_freeze(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_eh_freeze_port(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_eh_thaw_port(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_eh_qc_complete(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern void ata_eh_qc_retry(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern void ata_do_eh(struct ata_port *ap, ata_prereset_fn_t prereset, ata_reset_fn_t softreset, ata_reset_fn_t hardreset, ata_postreset_fn_t postreset); extern void ata_std_error_handler(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_std_sched_eh(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_std_end_eh(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_link_nr_enabled(struct ata_link *link); /* * Base operations to inherit from and initializers for sht * * Operations * * base : Common to all libata drivers. * sata : SATA controllers w/ native interface. * pmp : SATA controllers w/ PMP support. * sff : SFF ATA controllers w/o BMDMA support. * bmdma : SFF ATA controllers w/ BMDMA support. * * sht initializers * * BASE : Common to all libata drivers. The user must set * sg_tablesize and dma_boundary. * PIO : SFF ATA controllers w/ only PIO support. * BMDMA : SFF ATA controllers w/ BMDMA support. sg_tablesize and * dma_boundary are set to BMDMA limits. * NCQ : SATA controllers supporting NCQ. The user must set * sg_tablesize, dma_boundary and can_queue. */ extern const struct ata_port_operations ata_base_port_ops; extern const struct ata_port_operations sata_port_ops; extern struct device_attribute *ata_common_sdev_attrs[]; /* * All sht initializers (BASE, PIO, BMDMA, NCQ) must be instantiated * by the edge drivers. Because the 'module' field of sht must be the * edge driver's module reference, otherwise the driver can be unloaded * even if the scsi_device is being accessed. */ #define __ATA_BASE_SHT(drv_name) \ .module = THIS_MODULE, \ .name = drv_name, \ .ioctl = ata_scsi_ioctl, \ ATA_SCSI_COMPAT_IOCTL \ .queuecommand = ata_scsi_queuecmd, \ .dma_need_drain = ata_scsi_dma_need_drain, \ .can_queue = ATA_DEF_QUEUE, \ .tag_alloc_policy = BLK_TAG_ALLOC_RR, \ .this_id = ATA_SHT_THIS_ID, \ .emulated = ATA_SHT_EMULATED, \ .proc_name = drv_name, \ .slave_configure = ata_scsi_slave_config, \ .slave_destroy = ata_scsi_slave_destroy, \ .bios_param = ata_std_bios_param, \ .unlock_native_capacity = ata_scsi_unlock_native_capacity #define ATA_BASE_SHT(drv_name) \ __ATA_BASE_SHT(drv_name), \ .sdev_attrs = ata_common_sdev_attrs #ifdef CONFIG_SATA_HOST extern struct device_attribute *ata_ncq_sdev_attrs[]; #define ATA_NCQ_SHT(drv_name) \ __ATA_BASE_SHT(drv_name), \ .sdev_attrs = ata_ncq_sdev_attrs, \ .change_queue_depth = ata_scsi_change_queue_depth #endif /* * PMP helpers */ #ifdef CONFIG_SATA_PMP static inline bool sata_pmp_supported(struct ata_port *ap) { return ap->flags & ATA_FLAG_PMP; } static inline bool sata_pmp_attached(struct ata_port *ap) { return ap->nr_pmp_links != 0; } static inline bool ata_is_host_link(const struct ata_link *link) { return link == &link->ap->link || link == link->ap->slave_link; } #else /* CONFIG_SATA_PMP */ static inline bool sata_pmp_supported(struct ata_port *ap) { return false; } static inline bool sata_pmp_attached(struct ata_port *ap) { return false; } static inline bool ata_is_host_link(const struct ata_link *link) { return 1; } #endif /* CONFIG_SATA_PMP */ static inline int sata_srst_pmp(struct ata_link *link) { if (sata_pmp_supported(link->ap) && ata_is_host_link(link)) return SATA_PMP_CTRL_PORT; return link->pmp; } /* * printk helpers */ __printf(3, 4) void ata_port_printk(const struct ata_port *ap, const char *level, const char *fmt, ...); __printf(3, 4) void ata_link_printk(const struct ata_link *link, const char *level, const char *fmt, ...); __printf(3, 4) void ata_dev_printk(const struct ata_device *dev, const char *level, const char *fmt, ...); #define ata_port_err(ap, fmt, ...) \ ata_port_printk(ap, KERN_ERR, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_port_warn(ap, fmt, ...) \ ata_port_printk(ap, KERN_WARNING, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_port_notice(ap, fmt, ...) \ ata_port_printk(ap, KERN_NOTICE, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_port_info(ap, fmt, ...) \ ata_port_printk(ap, KERN_INFO, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_port_dbg(ap, fmt, ...) \ ata_port_printk(ap, KERN_DEBUG, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_link_err(link, fmt, ...) \ ata_link_printk(link, KERN_ERR, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_link_warn(link, fmt, ...) \ ata_link_printk(link, KERN_WARNING, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_link_notice(link, fmt, ...) \ ata_link_printk(link, KERN_NOTICE, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_link_info(link, fmt, ...) \ ata_link_printk(link, KERN_INFO, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_link_dbg(link, fmt, ...) \ ata_link_printk(link, KERN_DEBUG, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_dev_err(dev, fmt, ...) \ ata_dev_printk(dev, KERN_ERR, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_dev_warn(dev, fmt, ...) \ ata_dev_printk(dev, KERN_WARNING, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_dev_notice(dev, fmt, ...) \ ata_dev_printk(dev, KERN_NOTICE, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_dev_info(dev, fmt, ...) \ ata_dev_printk(dev, KERN_INFO, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_dev_dbg(dev, fmt, ...) \ ata_dev_printk(dev, KERN_DEBUG, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) void ata_print_version(const struct device *dev, const char *version); /* * ata_eh_info helpers */ extern __printf(2, 3) void __ata_ehi_push_desc(struct ata_eh_info *ehi, const char *fmt, ...); extern __printf(2, 3) void ata_ehi_push_desc(struct ata_eh_info *ehi, const char *fmt, ...); extern void ata_ehi_clear_desc(struct ata_eh_info *ehi); static inline void ata_ehi_hotplugged(struct ata_eh_info *ehi) { ehi->probe_mask |= (1 << ATA_MAX_DEVICES) - 1; ehi->flags |= ATA_EHI_HOTPLUGGED; ehi->action |= ATA_EH_RESET | ATA_EH_ENABLE_LINK; ehi->err_mask |= AC_ERR_ATA_BUS; } /* * port description helpers */ extern __printf(2, 3) void ata_port_desc(struct ata_port *ap, const char *fmt, ...); #ifdef CONFIG_PCI extern void ata_port_pbar_desc(struct ata_port *ap, int bar, ssize_t offset, const char *name); #endif static inline bool ata_tag_internal(unsigned int tag) { return tag == ATA_TAG_INTERNAL; } static inline bool ata_tag_valid(unsigned int tag) { return tag < ATA_MAX_QUEUE || ata_tag_internal(tag); } #define __ata_qc_for_each(ap, qc, tag, max_tag, fn) \ for ((tag) = 0; (tag) < (max_tag) && \ ({ qc = fn((ap), (tag)); 1; }); (tag)++) \ /* * Internal use only, iterate commands ignoring error handling and * status of 'qc'. */ #define ata_qc_for_each_raw(ap, qc, tag) \ __ata_qc_for_each(ap, qc, tag, ATA_MAX_QUEUE, __ata_qc_from_tag) /* * Iterate all potential commands that can be queued */ #define ata_qc_for_each(ap, qc, tag) \ __ata_qc_for_each(ap, qc, tag, ATA_MAX_QUEUE, ata_qc_from_tag) /* * Like ata_qc_for_each, but with the internal tag included */ #define ata_qc_for_each_with_internal(ap, qc, tag) \ __ata_qc_for_each(ap, qc, tag, ATA_MAX_QUEUE + 1, ata_qc_from_tag) /* * device helpers */ static inline unsigned int ata_class_enabled(unsigned int class) { return class == ATA_DEV_ATA || class == ATA_DEV_ATAPI || class == ATA_DEV_PMP || class == ATA_DEV_SEMB || class == ATA_DEV_ZAC; } static inline unsigned int ata_class_disabled(unsigned int class) { return class == ATA_DEV_ATA_UNSUP || class == ATA_DEV_ATAPI_UNSUP || class == ATA_DEV_PMP_UNSUP || class == ATA_DEV_SEMB_UNSUP || class == ATA_DEV_ZAC_UNSUP; } static inline unsigned int ata_class_absent(unsigned int class) { return !ata_class_enabled(class) && !ata_class_disabled(class); } static inline unsigned int ata_dev_enabled(const struct ata_device *dev) { return ata_class_enabled(dev->class); } static inline unsigned int ata_dev_disabled(const struct ata_device *dev) { return ata_class_disabled(dev->class); } static inline unsigned int ata_dev_absent(const struct ata_device *dev) { return ata_class_absent(dev->class); } /* * link helpers */ static inline int ata_link_max_devices(const struct ata_link *link) { if (ata_is_host_link(link) && link->ap->flags & ATA_FLAG_SLAVE_POSS) return 2; return 1; } static inline int ata_link_active(struct ata_link *link) { return ata_tag_valid(link->active_tag) || link->sactive; } /* * Iterators * * ATA_LITER_* constants are used to select link iteration mode and * ATA_DITER_* device iteration mode. * * For a custom iteration directly using ata_{link|dev}_next(), if * @link or @dev, respectively, is NULL, the first element is * returned. @dev and @link can be any valid device or link and the * next element according to the iteration mode will be returned. * After the last element, NULL is returned. */ enum ata_link_iter_mode { ATA_LITER_EDGE, /* if present, PMP links only; otherwise, * host link. no slave link */ ATA_LITER_HOST_FIRST, /* host link followed by PMP or slave links */ ATA_LITER_PMP_FIRST, /* PMP links followed by host link, * slave link still comes after host link */ }; enum ata_dev_iter_mode { ATA_DITER_ENABLED, ATA_DITER_ENABLED_REVERSE, ATA_DITER_ALL, ATA_DITER_ALL_REVERSE, }; extern struct ata_link *ata_link_next(struct ata_link *link, struct ata_port *ap, enum ata_link_iter_mode mode); extern struct ata_device *ata_dev_next(struct ata_device *dev, struct ata_link *link, enum ata_dev_iter_mode mode); /* * Shortcut notation for iterations * * ata_for_each_link() iterates over each link of @ap according to * @mode. @link points to the current link in the loop. @link is * NULL after loop termination. ata_for_each_dev() works the same way * except that it iterates over each device of @link. * * Note that the mode prefixes ATA_{L|D}ITER_ shouldn't need to be * specified when using the following shorthand notations. Only the * mode itself (EDGE, HOST_FIRST, ENABLED, etc...) should be * specified. This not only increases brevity but also makes it * impossible to use ATA_LITER_* for device iteration or vice-versa. */ #define ata_for_each_link(link, ap, mode) \ for ((link) = ata_link_next(NULL, (ap), ATA_LITER_##mode); (link); \ (link) = ata_link_next((link), (ap), ATA_LITER_##mode)) #define ata_for_each_dev(dev, link, mode) \ for ((dev) = ata_dev_next(NULL, (link), ATA_DITER_##mode); (dev); \ (dev) = ata_dev_next((dev), (link), ATA_DITER_##mode)) /** * ata_ncq_enabled - Test whether NCQ is enabled * @dev: ATA device to test for * * LOCKING: * spin_lock_irqsave(host lock) * * RETURNS: * 1 if NCQ is enabled for @dev, 0 otherwise. */ static inline int ata_ncq_enabled(struct ata_device *dev) { if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SATA_HOST)) return 0; return (dev->flags & (ATA_DFLAG_PIO | ATA_DFLAG_NCQ_OFF | ATA_DFLAG_NCQ)) == ATA_DFLAG_NCQ; } static inline bool ata_fpdma_dsm_supported(struct ata_device *dev) { return (dev->flags & ATA_DFLAG_NCQ_SEND_RECV) && (dev->ncq_send_recv_cmds[ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_DSM_OFFSET] & ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_DSM_TRIM); } static inline bool ata_fpdma_read_log_supported(struct ata_device *dev) { return (dev->flags & ATA_DFLAG_NCQ_SEND_RECV) && (dev->ncq_send_recv_cmds[ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_RD_LOG_OFFSET] & ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_RD_LOG_SUPPORTED); } static inline bool ata_fpdma_zac_mgmt_in_supported(struct ata_device *dev) { return (dev->flags & ATA_DFLAG_NCQ_SEND_RECV) && (dev->ncq_send_recv_cmds[ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_ZAC_MGMT_OFFSET] & ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_ZAC_MGMT_IN_SUPPORTED); } static inline bool ata_fpdma_zac_mgmt_out_supported(struct ata_device *dev) { return (dev->ncq_non_data_cmds[ATA_LOG_NCQ_NON_DATA_ZAC_MGMT_OFFSET] & ATA_LOG_NCQ_NON_DATA_ZAC_MGMT_OUT); } static inline void ata_qc_set_polling(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc) { qc->tf.ctl |= ATA_NIEN; } static inline struct ata_queued_cmd *__ata_qc_from_tag(struct ata_port *ap, unsigned int tag) { if (ata_tag_valid(tag)) return &ap->qcmd[tag]; return NULL; } static inline struct ata_queued_cmd *ata_qc_from_tag(struct ata_port *ap, unsigned int tag) { struct ata_queued_cmd *qc = __ata_qc_from_tag(ap, tag); if (unlikely(!qc) || !ap->ops->error_handler) return qc; if ((qc->flags & (ATA_QCFLAG_ACTIVE | ATA_QCFLAG_FAILED)) == ATA_QCFLAG_ACTIVE) return qc; return NULL; } static inline unsigned int ata_qc_raw_nbytes(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc) { return qc->nbytes - min(qc->extrabytes, qc->nbytes); } static inline void ata_tf_init(struct ata_device *dev, struct ata_taskfile *tf) { memset(tf, 0, sizeof(*tf)); #ifdef CONFIG_ATA_SFF tf->ctl = dev->link->ap->ctl; #else tf->ctl = ATA_DEVCTL_OBS; #endif if (dev->devno == 0) tf->device = ATA_DEVICE_OBS; else tf->device = ATA_DEVICE_OBS | ATA_DEV1; } static inline void ata_qc_reinit(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc) { qc->dma_dir = DMA_NONE; qc->sg = NULL; qc->flags = 0; qc->cursg = NULL; qc->cursg_ofs = 0; qc->nbytes = qc->extrabytes = qc->curbytes = 0; qc->n_elem = 0; qc->err_mask = 0; qc->sect_size = ATA_SECT_SIZE; ata_tf_init(qc->dev, &qc->tf); /* init result_tf such that it indicates normal completion */ qc->result_tf.command = ATA_DRDY; qc->result_tf.feature = 0; } static inline int ata_try_flush_cache(const struct ata_device *dev) { return ata_id_wcache_enabled(dev->id) || ata_id_has_flush(dev->id) || ata_id_has_flush_ext(dev->id); } static inline unsigned int ac_err_mask(u8 status) { if (status & (ATA_BUSY | ATA_DRQ)) return AC_ERR_HSM; if (status & (ATA_ERR | ATA_DF)) return AC_ERR_DEV; return 0; } static inline unsigned int __ac_err_mask(u8 status) { unsigned int mask = ac_err_mask(status); if (mask == 0) return AC_ERR_OTHER; return mask; } static inline struct ata_port *ata_shost_to_port(struct Scsi_Host *host) { return *(struct ata_port **)&host->hostdata[0]; } static inline int ata_check_ready(u8 status) { if (!(status & ATA_BUSY)) return 1; /* 0xff indicates either no device or device not ready */ if (status == 0xff) return -ENODEV; return 0; } static inline unsigned long ata_deadline(unsigned long from_jiffies, unsigned long timeout_msecs) { return from_jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(timeout_msecs); } /* Don't open code these in drivers as there are traps. Firstly the range may change in future hardware and specs, secondly 0xFF means 'no DMA' but is > UDMA_0. Dyma ddreigiau */ static inline int ata_using_mwdma(struct ata_device *adev) { if (adev->dma_mode >= XFER_MW_DMA_0 && adev->dma_mode <= XFER_MW_DMA_4) return 1; return 0; } static inline int ata_using_udma(struct ata_device *adev) { if (adev->dma_mode >= XFER_UDMA_0 && adev->dma_mode <= XFER_UDMA_7) return 1; return 0; } static inline int ata_dma_enabled(struct ata_device *adev) { return (adev->dma_mode == 0xFF ? 0 : 1); } /************************************************************************** * PATA timings - drivers/ata/libata-pata-timings.c */ extern const struct ata_timing *ata_timing_find_mode(u8 xfer_mode); extern int ata_timing_compute(struct ata_device *, unsigned short, struct ata_timing *, int, int); extern void ata_timing_merge(const struct ata_timing *, const struct ata_timing *, struct ata_timing *, unsigned int); /************************************************************************** * PMP - drivers/ata/libata-pmp.c */ #ifdef CONFIG_SATA_PMP extern const struct ata_port_operations sata_pmp_port_ops; extern int sata_pmp_qc_defer_cmd_switch(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern void sata_pmp_error_handler(struct ata_port *ap); #else /* CONFIG_SATA_PMP */ #define sata_pmp_port_ops sata_port_ops #define sata_pmp_qc_defer_cmd_switch ata_std_qc_defer #define sata_pmp_error_handler ata_std_error_handler #endif /* CONFIG_SATA_PMP */ /************************************************************************** * SFF - drivers/ata/libata-sff.c */ #ifdef CONFIG_ATA_SFF extern const struct ata_port_operations ata_sff_port_ops; extern const struct ata_port_operations ata_bmdma32_port_ops; /* PIO only, sg_tablesize and dma_boundary limits can be removed */ #define ATA_PIO_SHT(drv_name) \ ATA_BASE_SHT(drv_name), \ .sg_tablesize = LIBATA_MAX_PRD, \ .dma_boundary = ATA_DMA_BOUNDARY extern void ata_sff_dev_select(struct ata_port *ap, unsigned int device); extern u8 ata_sff_check_status(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_sff_pause(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_sff_dma_pause(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_sff_busy_sleep(struct ata_port *ap, unsigned long timeout_pat, unsigned long timeout); extern int ata_sff_wait_ready(struct ata_link *link, unsigned long deadline); extern void ata_sff_tf_load(struct ata_port *ap, const struct ata_taskfile *tf); extern void ata_sff_tf_read(struct ata_port *ap, struct ata_taskfile *tf); extern void ata_sff_exec_command(struct ata_port *ap, const struct ata_taskfile *tf); extern unsigned int ata_sff_data_xfer(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc, unsigned char *buf, unsigned int buflen, int rw); extern unsigned int ata_sff_data_xfer32(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc, unsigned char *buf, unsigned int buflen, int rw); extern void ata_sff_irq_on(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_sff_irq_clear(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_sff_hsm_move(struct ata_port *ap, struct ata_queued_cmd *qc, u8 status, int in_wq); extern void ata_sff_queue_work(struct work_struct *work); extern void ata_sff_queue_delayed_work(struct delayed_work *dwork, unsigned long delay); extern void ata_sff_queue_pio_task(struct ata_link *link, unsigned long delay); extern unsigned int ata_sff_qc_issue(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern bool ata_sff_qc_fill_rtf(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern unsigned int ata_sff_port_intr(struct ata_port *ap, struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern irqreturn_t ata_sff_interrupt(int irq, void *dev_instance); extern void ata_sff_lost_interrupt(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_sff_freeze(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_sff_thaw(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_sff_prereset(struct ata_link *link, unsigned long deadline); extern unsigned int ata_sff_dev_classify(struct ata_device *dev, int present, u8 *r_err); extern int ata_sff_wait_after_reset(struct ata_link *link, unsigned int devmask, unsigned long deadline); extern int ata_sff_softreset(struct ata_link *link, unsigned int *classes, unsigned long deadline); extern int sata_sff_hardreset(struct ata_link *link, unsigned int *class, unsigned long deadline); extern void ata_sff_postreset(struct ata_link *link, unsigned int *classes); extern void ata_sff_drain_fifo(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern void ata_sff_error_handler(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_sff_std_ports(struct ata_ioports *ioaddr); #ifdef CONFIG_PCI extern int ata_pci_sff_init_host(struct ata_host *host); extern int ata_pci_sff_prepare_host(struct pci_dev *pdev, const struct ata_port_info * const * ppi, struct ata_host **r_host); extern int ata_pci_sff_activate_host(struct ata_host *host, irq_handler_t irq_handler, struct scsi_host_template *sht); extern int ata_pci_sff_init_one(struct pci_dev *pdev, const struct ata_port_info * const * ppi, struct scsi_host_template *sht, void *host_priv, int hflags); #endif /* CONFIG_PCI */ #ifdef CONFIG_ATA_BMDMA extern const struct ata_port_operations ata_bmdma_port_ops; #define ATA_BMDMA_SHT(drv_name) \ ATA_BASE_SHT(drv_name), \ .sg_tablesize = LIBATA_MAX_PRD, \ .dma_boundary = ATA_DMA_BOUNDARY extern enum ata_completion_errors ata_bmdma_qc_prep(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern unsigned int ata_bmdma_qc_issue(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern enum ata_completion_errors ata_bmdma_dumb_qc_prep(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern unsigned int ata_bmdma_port_intr(struct ata_port *ap, struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern irqreturn_t ata_bmdma_interrupt(int irq, void *dev_instance); extern void ata_bmdma_error_handler(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_bmdma_post_internal_cmd(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern void ata_bmdma_irq_clear(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_bmdma_setup(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern void ata_bmdma_start(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern void ata_bmdma_stop(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern u8 ata_bmdma_status(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_bmdma_port_start(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_bmdma_port_start32(struct ata_port *ap); #ifdef CONFIG_PCI extern int ata_pci_bmdma_clear_simplex(struct pci_dev *pdev); extern void ata_pci_bmdma_init(struct ata_host *host); extern int ata_pci_bmdma_prepare_host(struct pci_dev *pdev, const struct ata_port_info * const * ppi, struct ata_host **r_host); extern int ata_pci_bmdma_init_one(struct pci_dev *pdev, const struct ata_port_info * const * ppi, struct scsi_host_template *sht, void *host_priv, int hflags); #endif /* CONFIG_PCI */ #endif /* CONFIG_ATA_BMDMA */ /** * ata_sff_busy_wait - Wait for a port status register * @ap: Port to wait for. * @bits: bits that must be clear * @max: number of 10uS waits to perform * * Waits up to max*10 microseconds for the selected bits in the port's * status register to be cleared. * Returns final value of status register. * * LOCKING: * Inherited from caller. */ static inline u8 ata_sff_busy_wait(struct ata_port *ap, unsigned int bits, unsigned int max) { u8 status; do { udelay(10); status = ap->ops->sff_check_status(ap); max--; } while (status != 0xff && (status & bits) && (max > 0)); return status; } /** * ata_wait_idle - Wait for a port to be idle. * @ap: Port to wait for. * * Waits up to 10ms for port's BUSY and DRQ signals to clear. * Returns final value of status register. * * LOCKING: * Inherited from caller. */ static inline u8 ata_wait_idle(struct ata_port *ap) { u8 status = ata_sff_busy_wait(ap, ATA_BUSY | ATA_DRQ, 1000); #ifdef ATA_DEBUG if (status != 0xff && (status & (ATA_BUSY | ATA_DRQ))) ata_port_printk(ap, KERN_DEBUG, "abnormal Status 0x%X\n", status); #endif return status; } #endif /* CONFIG_ATA_SFF */ #endif /* __LINUX_LIBATA_H__ */
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_UACCESS_H__ #define __LINUX_UACCESS_H__ #include <linux/fault-inject-usercopy.h> #include <linux/instrumented.h> #include <linux/minmax.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/thread_info.h> #include <asm/uaccess.h> #ifdef CONFIG_SET_FS /* * Force the uaccess routines to be wired up for actual userspace access, * overriding any possible set_fs(KERNEL_DS) still lingering around. Undone * using force_uaccess_end below. */ static inline mm_segment_t force_uaccess_begin(void) { mm_segment_t fs = get_fs(); set_fs(USER_DS); return fs; } static inline void force_uaccess_end(mm_segment_t oldfs) { set_fs(oldfs); } #else /* CONFIG_SET_FS */ typedef struct { /* empty dummy */ } mm_segment_t; #ifndef TASK_SIZE_MAX #define TASK_SIZE_MAX TASK_SIZE #endif #define uaccess_kernel() (false) #define user_addr_max() (TASK_SIZE_MAX) static inline mm_segment_t force_uaccess_begin(void) { return (mm_segment_t) { }; } static inline void force_uaccess_end(mm_segment_t oldfs) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SET_FS */ /* * Architectures should provide two primitives (raw_copy_{to,from}_user()) * and get rid of their private instances of copy_{to,from}_user() and * __copy_{to,from}_user{,_inatomic}(). * * raw_copy_{to,from}_user(to, from, size) should copy up to size bytes and * return the amount left to copy. They should assume that access_ok() has * already been checked (and succeeded); they should *not* zero-pad anything. * No KASAN or object size checks either - those belong here. * * Both of these functions should attempt to copy size bytes starting at from * into the area starting at to. They must not fetch or store anything * outside of those areas. Return value must be between 0 (everything * copied successfully) and size (nothing copied). * * If raw_copy_{to,from}_user(to, from, size) returns N, size - N bytes starting * at to must become equal to the bytes fetched from the corresponding area * starting at from. All data past to + size - N must be left unmodified. * * If copying succeeds, the return value must be 0. If some data cannot be * fetched, it is permitted to copy less than had been fetched; the only * hard requirement is that not storing anything at all (i.e. returning size) * should happen only when nothing could be copied. In other words, you don't * have to squeeze as much as possible - it is allowed, but not necessary. * * For raw_copy_from_user() to always points to kernel memory and no faults * on store should happen. Interpretation of from is affected by set_fs(). * For raw_copy_to_user() it's the other way round. * * Both can be inlined - it's up to architectures whether it wants to bother * with that. They should not be used directly; they are used to implement * the 6 functions (copy_{to,from}_user(), __copy_{to,from}_user_inatomic()) * that are used instead. Out of those, __... ones are inlined. Plain * copy_{to,from}_user() might or might not be inlined. If you want them * inlined, have asm/uaccess.h define INLINE_COPY_{TO,FROM}_USER. * * NOTE: only copy_from_user() zero-pads the destination in case of short copy. * Neither __copy_from_user() nor __copy_from_user_inatomic() zero anything * at all; their callers absolutely must check the return value. * * Biarch ones should also provide raw_copy_in_user() - similar to the above, * but both source and destination are __user pointers (affected by set_fs() * as usual) and both source and destination can trigger faults. */ static __always_inline __must_check unsigned long __copy_from_user_inatomic(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n) { instrument_copy_from_user(to, from, n); check_object_size(to, n, false); return raw_copy_from_user(to, from, n); } static __always_inline __must_check unsigned long __copy_from_user(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n) { might_fault(); if (should_fail_usercopy()) return n; instrument_copy_from_user(to, from, n); check_object_size(to, n, false); return raw_copy_from_user(to, from, n); } /** * __copy_to_user_inatomic: - Copy a block of data into user space, with less checking. * @to: Destination address, in user space. * @from: Source address, in kernel space. * @n: Number of bytes to copy. * * Context: User context only. * * Copy data from kernel space to user space. Caller must check * the specified block with access_ok() before calling this function. * The caller should also make sure he pins the user space address * so that we don't result in page fault and sleep. */ static __always_inline __must_check unsigned long __copy_to_user_inatomic(void __user *to, const void *from, unsigned long n) { if (should_fail_usercopy()) return n; instrument_copy_to_user(to, from, n); check_object_size(from, n, true); return raw_copy_to_user(to, from, n); } static __always_inline __must_check unsigned long __copy_to_user(void __user *to, const void *from, unsigned long n) { might_fault(); if (should_fail_usercopy()) return n; instrument_copy_to_user(to, from, n); check_object_size(from, n, true); return raw_copy_to_user(to, from, n); } #ifdef INLINE_COPY_FROM_USER static inline __must_check unsigned long _copy_from_user(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n) { unsigned long res = n; might_fault(); if (!should_fail_usercopy() && likely(access_ok(from, n))) { instrument_copy_from_user(to, from, n); res = raw_copy_from_user(to, from, n); } if (unlikely(res)) memset(to + (n - res), 0, res); return res; } #else extern __must_check unsigned long _copy_from_user(void *, const void __user *, unsigned long); #endif #ifdef INLINE_COPY_TO_USER static inline __must_check unsigned long _copy_to_user(void __user *to, const void *from, unsigned long n) { might_fault(); if (should_fail_usercopy()) return n; if (access_ok(to, n)) { instrument_copy_to_user(to, from, n); n = raw_copy_to_user(to, from, n); } return n; } #else extern __must_check unsigned long _copy_to_user(void __user *, const void *, unsigned long); #endif static __always_inline unsigned long __must_check copy_from_user(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n) { if (likely(check_copy_size(to, n, false))) n = _copy_from_user(to, from, n); return n; } static __always_inline unsigned long __must_check copy_to_user(void __user *to, const void *from, unsigned long n) { if (likely(check_copy_size(from, n, true))) n = _copy_to_user(to, from, n); return n; } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT static __always_inline unsigned long __must_check copy_in_user(void __user *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n) { might_fault(); if (access_ok(to, n) && access_ok(from, n)) n = raw_copy_in_user(to, from, n); return n; } #endif #ifndef copy_mc_to_kernel /* * Without arch opt-in this generic copy_mc_to_kernel() will not handle * #MC (or arch equivalent) during source read. */ static inline unsigned long __must_check copy_mc_to_kernel(void *dst, const void *src, size_t cnt) { memcpy(dst, src, cnt); return 0; } #endif static __always_inline void pagefault_disabled_inc(void) { current->pagefault_disabled++; } static __always_inline void pagefault_disabled_dec(void) { current->pagefault_disabled--; } /* * These routines enable/disable the pagefault handler. If disabled, it will * not take any locks and go straight to the fixup table. * * User access methods will not sleep when called from a pagefault_disabled() * environment. */ static inline void pagefault_disable(void) { pagefault_disabled_inc(); /* * make sure to have issued the store before a pagefault * can hit. */ barrier(); } static inline void pagefault_enable(void) { /* * make sure to issue those last loads/stores before enabling * the pagefault handler again. */ barrier(); pagefault_disabled_dec(); } /* * Is the pagefault handler disabled? If so, user access methods will not sleep. */ static inline bool pagefault_disabled(void) { return current->pagefault_disabled != 0; } /* * The pagefault handler is in general disabled by pagefault_disable() or * when in irq context (via in_atomic()). * * This function should only be used by the fault handlers. Other users should * stick to pagefault_disabled(). * Please NEVER use preempt_disable() to disable the fault handler. With * !CONFIG_PREEMPT_COUNT, this is like a NOP. So the handler won't be disabled. * in_atomic() will report different values based on !CONFIG_PREEMPT_COUNT. */ #define faulthandler_disabled() (pagefault_disabled() || in_atomic()) #ifndef ARCH_HAS_NOCACHE_UACCESS static inline __must_check unsigned long __copy_from_user_inatomic_nocache(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n) { return __copy_from_user_inatomic(to, from, n); } #endif /* ARCH_HAS_NOCACHE_UACCESS */ extern __must_check int check_zeroed_user(const void __user *from, size_t size); /** * copy_struct_from_user: copy a struct from userspace * @dst: Destination address, in kernel space. This buffer must be @ksize * bytes long. * @ksize: Size of @dst struct. * @src: Source address, in userspace. * @usize: (Alleged) size of @src struct. * * Copies a struct from userspace to kernel space, in a way that guarantees * backwards-compatibility for struct syscall arguments (as long as future * struct extensions are made such that all new fields are *appended* to the * old struct, and zeroed-out new fields have the same meaning as the old * struct). * * @ksize is just sizeof(*dst), and @usize should've been passed by userspace. * The recommended usage is something like the following: * * SYSCALL_DEFINE2(foobar, const struct foo __user *, uarg, size_t, usize) * { * int err; * struct foo karg = {}; * * if (usize > PAGE_SIZE) * return -E2BIG; * if (usize < FOO_SIZE_VER0) * return -EINVAL; * * err = copy_struct_from_user(&karg, sizeof(karg), uarg, usize); * if (err) * re