1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_PID_NS_H #define _LINUX_PID_NS_H #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/threads.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> #include <linux/kref.h> #include <linux/ns_common.h> #include <linux/idr.h> /* MAX_PID_NS_LEVEL is needed for limiting size of 'struct pid' */ #define MAX_PID_NS_LEVEL 32 struct fs_pin; struct pid_namespace { struct kref kref; struct idr idr; struct rcu_head rcu; unsigned int pid_allocated; struct task_struct *child_reaper; struct kmem_cache *pid_cachep; unsigned int level; struct pid_namespace *parent; #ifdef CONFIG_BSD_PROCESS_ACCT struct fs_pin *bacct; #endif struct user_namespace *user_ns; struct ucounts *ucounts; int reboot; /* group exit code if this pidns was rebooted */ struct ns_common ns; } __randomize_layout; extern struct pid_namespace init_pid_ns; #define PIDNS_ADDING (1U << 31) #ifdef CONFIG_PID_NS static inline struct pid_namespace *get_pid_ns(struct pid_namespace *ns) { if (ns != &init_pid_ns) kref_get(&ns->kref); return ns; } extern struct pid_namespace *copy_pid_ns(unsigned long flags, struct user_namespace *user_ns, struct pid_namespace *ns); extern void zap_pid_ns_processes(struct pid_namespace *pid_ns); extern int reboot_pid_ns(struct pid_namespace *pid_ns, int cmd); extern void put_pid_ns(struct pid_namespace *ns); #else /* !CONFIG_PID_NS */ #include <linux/err.h> static inline struct pid_namespace *get_pid_ns(struct pid_namespace *ns) { return ns; } static inline struct pid_namespace *copy_pid_ns(unsigned long flags, struct user_namespace *user_ns, struct pid_namespace *ns) { if (flags & CLONE_NEWPID) ns = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); return ns; } static inline void put_pid_ns(struct pid_namespace *ns) { } static inline void zap_pid_ns_processes(struct pid_namespace *ns) { BUG(); } static inline int reboot_pid_ns(struct pid_namespace *pid_ns, int cmd) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_PID_NS */ extern struct pid_namespace *task_active_pid_ns(struct task_struct *tsk); void pidhash_init(void); void pid_idr_init(void); #endif /* _LINUX_PID_NS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * AEAD: Authenticated Encryption with Associated Data * * Copyright (c) 2007-2015 Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au> */ #ifndef _CRYPTO_AEAD_H #define _CRYPTO_AEAD_H #include <linux/crypto.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/slab.h> /** * DOC: Authenticated Encryption With Associated Data (AEAD) Cipher API * * The AEAD cipher API is used with the ciphers of type CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_AEAD * (listed as type "aead" in /proc/crypto) * * The most prominent examples for this type of encryption is GCM and CCM. * However, the kernel supports other types of AEAD ciphers which are defined * with the following cipher string: * * authenc(keyed message digest, block cipher) * * For example: authenc(hmac(sha256), cbc(aes)) * * The example code provided for the symmetric key cipher operation * applies here as well. Naturally all *skcipher* symbols must be exchanged * the *aead* pendants discussed in the following. In addition, for the AEAD * operation, the aead_request_set_ad function must be used to set the * pointer to the associated data memory location before performing the * encryption or decryption operation. In case of an encryption, the associated * data memory is filled during the encryption operation. For decryption, the * associated data memory must contain data that is used to verify the integrity * of the decrypted data. Another deviation from the asynchronous block cipher * operation is that the caller should explicitly check for -EBADMSG of the * crypto_aead_decrypt. That error indicates an authentication error, i.e. * a breach in the integrity of the message. In essence, that -EBADMSG error * code is the key bonus an AEAD cipher has over "standard" block chaining * modes. * * Memory Structure: * * The source scatterlist must contain the concatenation of * associated data || plaintext or ciphertext. * * The destination scatterlist has the same layout, except that the plaintext * (resp. ciphertext) will grow (resp. shrink) by the authentication tag size * during encryption (resp. decryption). * * In-place encryption/decryption is enabled by using the same scatterlist * pointer for both the source and destination. * * Even in the out-of-place case, space must be reserved in the destination for * the associated data, even though it won't be written to. This makes the * in-place and out-of-place cases more consistent. It is permissible for the * "destination" associated data to alias the "source" associated data. * * As with the other scatterlist crypto APIs, zero-length scatterlist elements * are not allowed in the used part of the scatterlist. Thus, if there is no * associated data, the first element must point to the plaintext/ciphertext. * * To meet the needs of IPsec, a special quirk applies to rfc4106, rfc4309, * rfc4543, and rfc7539esp ciphers. For these ciphers, the final 'ivsize' bytes * of the associated data buffer must contain a second copy of the IV. This is * in addition to the copy passed to aead_request_set_crypt(). These two IV * copies must not differ; different implementations of the same algorithm may * behave differently in that case. Note that the algorithm might not actually * treat the IV as associated data; nevertheless the length passed to * aead_request_set_ad() must include it. */ struct crypto_aead; /** * struct aead_request - AEAD request * @base: Common attributes for async crypto requests * @assoclen: Length in bytes of associated data for authentication * @cryptlen: Length of data to be encrypted or decrypted * @iv: Initialisation vector * @src: Source data * @dst: Destination data * @__ctx: Start of private context data */ struct aead_request { struct crypto_async_request base; unsigned int assoclen; unsigned int cryptlen; u8 *iv; struct scatterlist *src; struct scatterlist *dst; void *__ctx[] CRYPTO_MINALIGN_ATTR; }; /** * struct aead_alg - AEAD cipher definition * @maxauthsize: Set the maximum authentication tag size supported by the * transformation. A transformation may support smaller tag sizes. * As the authentication tag is a message digest to ensure the * integrity of the encrypted data, a consumer typically wants the * largest authentication tag possible as defined by this * variable. * @setauthsize: Set authentication size for the AEAD transformation. This * function is used to specify the consumer requested size of the * authentication tag to be either generated by the transformation * during encryption or the size of the authentication tag to be * supplied during the decryption operation. This function is also * responsible for checking the authentication tag size for * validity. * @setkey: see struct skcipher_alg * @encrypt: see struct skcipher_alg * @decrypt: see struct skcipher_alg * @ivsize: see struct skcipher_alg * @chunksize: see struct skcipher_alg * @init: Initialize the cryptographic transformation object. This function * is used to initialize the cryptographic transformation object. * This function is called only once at the instantiation time, right * after the transformation context was allocated. In case the * cryptographic hardware has some special requirements which need to * be handled by software, this function shall check for the precise * requirement of the transformation and put any software fallbacks * in place. * @exit: Deinitialize the cryptographic transformation object. This is a * counterpart to @init, used to remove various changes set in * @init. * @base: Definition of a generic crypto cipher algorithm. * * All fields except @ivsize is mandatory and must be filled. */ struct aead_alg { int (*setkey)(struct crypto_aead *tfm, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen); int (*setauthsize)(struct crypto_aead *tfm, unsigned int authsize); int (*encrypt)(struct aead_request *req); int (*decrypt)(struct aead_request *req); int (*init)(struct crypto_aead *tfm); void (*exit)(struct crypto_aead *tfm); unsigned int ivsize; unsigned int maxauthsize; unsigned int chunksize; struct crypto_alg base; }; struct crypto_aead { unsigned int authsize; unsigned int reqsize; struct crypto_tfm base; }; static inline struct crypto_aead *__crypto_aead_cast(struct crypto_tfm *tfm) { return container_of(tfm, struct crypto_aead, base); } /** * crypto_alloc_aead() - allocate AEAD cipher handle * @alg_name: is the cra_name / name or cra_driver_name / driver name of the * AEAD cipher * @type: specifies the type of the cipher * @mask: specifies the mask for the cipher * * Allocate a cipher handle for an AEAD. The returned struct * crypto_aead is the cipher handle that is required for any subsequent * API invocation for that AEAD. * * Return: allocated cipher handle in case of success; IS_ERR() is true in case * of an error, PTR_ERR() returns the error code. */ struct crypto_aead *crypto_alloc_aead(const char *alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask); static inline struct crypto_tfm *crypto_aead_tfm(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { return &tfm->base; } /** * crypto_free_aead() - zeroize and free aead handle * @tfm: cipher handle to be freed * * If @tfm is a NULL or error pointer, this function does nothing. */ static inline void crypto_free_aead(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { crypto_destroy_tfm(tfm, crypto_aead_tfm(tfm)); } static inline struct aead_alg *crypto_aead_alg(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { return container_of(crypto_aead_tfm(tfm)->__crt_alg, struct aead_alg, base); } static inline unsigned int crypto_aead_alg_ivsize(struct aead_alg *alg) { return alg->ivsize; } /** * crypto_aead_ivsize() - obtain IV size * @tfm: cipher handle * * The size of the IV for the aead referenced by the cipher handle is * returned. This IV size may be zero if the cipher does not need an IV. * * Return: IV size in bytes */ static inline unsigned int crypto_aead_ivsize(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { return crypto_aead_alg_ivsize(crypto_aead_alg(tfm)); } /** * crypto_aead_authsize() - obtain maximum authentication data size * @tfm: cipher handle * * The maximum size of the authentication data for the AEAD cipher referenced * by the AEAD cipher handle is returned. The authentication data size may be * zero if the cipher implements a hard-coded maximum. * * The authentication data may also be known as "tag value". * * Return: authentication data size / tag size in bytes */ static inline unsigned int crypto_aead_authsize(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { return tfm->authsize; } static inline unsigned int crypto_aead_alg_maxauthsize(struct aead_alg *alg) { return alg->maxauthsize; } static inline unsigned int crypto_aead_maxauthsize(struct crypto_aead *aead) { return crypto_aead_alg_maxauthsize(crypto_aead_alg(aead)); } /** * crypto_aead_blocksize() - obtain block size of cipher * @tfm: cipher handle * * The block size for the AEAD referenced with the cipher handle is returned. * The caller may use that information to allocate appropriate memory for the * data returned by the encryption or decryption operation * * Return: block size of cipher */ static inline unsigned int crypto_aead_blocksize(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_blocksize(crypto_aead_tfm(tfm)); } static inline unsigned int crypto_aead_alignmask(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_alignmask(crypto_aead_tfm(tfm)); } static inline u32 crypto_aead_get_flags(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_get_flags(crypto_aead_tfm(tfm)); } static inline void crypto_aead_set_flags(struct crypto_aead *tfm, u32 flags) { crypto_tfm_set_flags(crypto_aead_tfm(tfm), flags); } static inline void crypto_aead_clear_flags(struct crypto_aead *tfm, u32 flags) { crypto_tfm_clear_flags(crypto_aead_tfm(tfm), flags); } /** * crypto_aead_setkey() - set key for cipher * @tfm: cipher handle * @key: buffer holding the key * @keylen: length of the key in bytes * * The caller provided key is set for the AEAD referenced by the cipher * handle. * * Note, the key length determines the cipher type. Many block ciphers implement * different cipher modes depending on the key size, such as AES-128 vs AES-192 * vs. AES-256. When providing a 16 byte key for an AES cipher handle, AES-128 * is performed. * * Return: 0 if the setting of the key was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ int crypto_aead_setkey(struct crypto_aead *tfm, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen); /** * crypto_aead_setauthsize() - set authentication data size * @tfm: cipher handle * @authsize: size of the authentication data / tag in bytes * * Set the authentication data size / tag size. AEAD requires an authentication * tag (or MAC) in addition to the associated data. * * Return: 0 if the setting of the key was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ int crypto_aead_setauthsize(struct crypto_aead *tfm, unsigned int authsize); static inline struct crypto_aead *crypto_aead_reqtfm(struct aead_request *req) { return __crypto_aead_cast(req->base.tfm); } /** * crypto_aead_encrypt() - encrypt plaintext * @req: reference to the aead_request handle that holds all information * needed to perform the cipher operation * * Encrypt plaintext data using the aead_request handle. That data structure * and how it is filled with data is discussed with the aead_request_* * functions. * * IMPORTANT NOTE The encryption operation creates the authentication data / * tag. That data is concatenated with the created ciphertext. * The ciphertext memory size is therefore the given number of * block cipher blocks + the size defined by the * crypto_aead_setauthsize invocation. The caller must ensure * that sufficient memory is available for the ciphertext and * the authentication tag. * * Return: 0 if the cipher operation was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ int crypto_aead_encrypt(struct aead_request *req); /** * crypto_aead_decrypt() - decrypt ciphertext * @req: reference to the aead_request handle that holds all information * needed to perform the cipher operation * * Decrypt ciphertext data using the aead_request handle. That data structure * and how it is filled with data is discussed with the aead_request_* * functions. * * IMPORTANT NOTE The caller must concatenate the ciphertext followed by the * authentication data / tag. That authentication data / tag * must have the size defined by the crypto_aead_setauthsize * invocation. * * * Return: 0 if the cipher operation was successful; -EBADMSG: The AEAD * cipher operation performs the authentication of the data during the * decryption operation. Therefore, the function returns this error if * the authentication of the ciphertext was unsuccessful (i.e. the * integrity of the ciphertext or the associated data was violated); * < 0 if an error occurred. */ int crypto_aead_decrypt(struct aead_request *req); /** * DOC: Asynchronous AEAD Request Handle * * The aead_request data structure contains all pointers to data required for * the AEAD cipher operation. This includes the cipher handle (which can be * used by multiple aead_request instances), pointer to plaintext and * ciphertext, asynchronous callback function, etc. It acts as a handle to the * aead_request_* API calls in a similar way as AEAD handle to the * crypto_aead_* API calls. */ /** * crypto_aead_reqsize() - obtain size of the request data structure * @tfm: cipher handle * * Return: number of bytes */ static inline unsigned int crypto_aead_reqsize(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { return tfm->reqsize; } /** * aead_request_set_tfm() - update cipher handle reference in request * @req: request handle to be modified * @tfm: cipher handle that shall be added to the request handle * * Allow the caller to replace the existing aead handle in the request * data structure with a different one. */ static inline void aead_request_set_tfm(struct aead_request *req, struct crypto_aead *tfm) { req->base.tfm = crypto_aead_tfm(tfm); } /** * aead_request_alloc() - allocate request data structure * @tfm: cipher handle to be registered with the request * @gfp: memory allocation flag that is handed to kmalloc by the API call. * * Allocate the request data structure that must be used with the AEAD * encrypt and decrypt API calls. During the allocation, the provided aead * handle is registered in the request data structure. * * Return: allocated request handle in case of success, or NULL if out of memory */ static inline struct aead_request *aead_request_alloc(struct crypto_aead *tfm, gfp_t gfp) { struct aead_request *req; req = kmalloc(sizeof(*req) + crypto_aead_reqsize(tfm), gfp); if (likely(req)) aead_request_set_tfm(req, tfm); return req; } /** * aead_request_free() - zeroize and free request data structure * @req: request data structure cipher handle to be freed */ static inline void aead_request_free(struct aead_request *req) { kfree_sensitive(req); } /** * aead_request_set_callback() - set asynchronous callback function * @req: request handle * @flags: specify zero or an ORing of the flags * CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_BACKLOG the request queue may back log and * increase the wait queue beyond the initial maximum size; * CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_SLEEP the request processing may sleep * @compl: callback function pointer to be registered with the request handle * @data: The data pointer refers to memory that is not used by the kernel * crypto API, but provided to the callback function for it to use. Here, * the caller can provide a reference to memory the callback function can * operate on. As the callback function is invoked asynchronously to the * related functionality, it may need to access data structures of the * related functionality which can be referenced using this pointer. The * callback function can access the memory via the "data" field in the * crypto_async_request data structure provided to the callback function. * * Setting the callback function that is triggered once the cipher operation * completes * * The callback function is registered with the aead_request handle and * must comply with the following template:: * * void callback_function(struct crypto_async_request *req, int error) */ static inline void aead_request_set_callback(struct aead_request *req, u32 flags, crypto_completion_t compl, void *data) { req->base.complete = compl; req->base.data = data; req->base.flags = flags; } /** * aead_request_set_crypt - set data buffers * @req: request handle * @src: source scatter / gather list * @dst: destination scatter / gather list * @cryptlen: number of bytes to process from @src * @iv: IV for the cipher operation which must comply with the IV size defined * by crypto_aead_ivsize() * * Setting the source data and destination data scatter / gather lists which * hold the associated data concatenated with the plaintext or ciphertext. See * below for the authentication tag. * * For encryption, the source is treated as the plaintext and the * destination is the ciphertext. For a decryption operation, the use is * reversed - the source is the ciphertext and the destination is the plaintext. * * The memory structure for cipher operation has the following structure: * * - AEAD encryption input: assoc data || plaintext * - AEAD encryption output: assoc data || cipherntext || auth tag * - AEAD decryption input: assoc data || ciphertext || auth tag * - AEAD decryption output: assoc data || plaintext * * Albeit the kernel requires the presence of the AAD buffer, however, * the kernel does not fill the AAD buffer in the output case. If the * caller wants to have that data buffer filled, the caller must either * use an in-place cipher operation (i.e. same memory location for * input/output memory location). */ static inline void aead_request_set_crypt(struct aead_request *req, struct scatterlist *src, struct scatterlist *dst, unsigned int cryptlen, u8 *iv) { req->src = src; req->dst = dst; req->cryptlen = cryptlen; req->iv = iv; } /** * aead_request_set_ad - set associated data information * @req: request handle * @assoclen: number of bytes in associated data * * Setting the AD information. This function sets the length of * the associated data. */ static inline void aead_request_set_ad(struct aead_request *req, unsigned int assoclen) { req->assoclen = assoclen; } #endif /* _CRYPTO_AEAD_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Copyright 2019 Google LLC */ #ifndef __LINUX_BLK_CRYPTO_H #define __LINUX_BLK_CRYPTO_H #include <linux/types.h> enum blk_crypto_mode_num { BLK_ENCRYPTION_MODE_INVALID, BLK_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_XTS, BLK_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_128_CBC_ESSIV, BLK_ENCRYPTION_MODE_ADIANTUM, BLK_ENCRYPTION_MODE_MAX, }; #define BLK_CRYPTO_MAX_KEY_SIZE 64 /** * struct blk_crypto_config - an inline encryption key's crypto configuration * @crypto_mode: encryption algorithm this key is for * @data_unit_size: the data unit size for all encryption/decryptions with this * key. This is the size in bytes of each individual plaintext and * ciphertext. This is always a power of 2. It might be e.g. the * filesystem block size or the disk sector size. * @dun_bytes: the maximum number of bytes of DUN used when using this key */ struct blk_crypto_config { enum blk_crypto_mode_num crypto_mode; unsigned int data_unit_size; unsigned int dun_bytes; }; /** * struct blk_crypto_key - an inline encryption key * @crypto_cfg: the crypto configuration (like crypto_mode, key size) for this * key * @data_unit_size_bits: log2 of data_unit_size * @size: size of this key in bytes (determined by @crypto_cfg.crypto_mode) * @raw: the raw bytes of this key. Only the first @size bytes are used. * * A blk_crypto_key is immutable once created, and many bios can reference it at * the same time. It must not be freed until all bios using it have completed * and it has been evicted from all devices on which it may have been used. */ struct blk_crypto_key { struct blk_crypto_config crypto_cfg; unsigned int data_unit_size_bits; unsigned int size; u8 raw[BLK_CRYPTO_MAX_KEY_SIZE]; }; #define BLK_CRYPTO_MAX_IV_SIZE 32 #define BLK_CRYPTO_DUN_ARRAY_SIZE (BLK_CRYPTO_MAX_IV_SIZE / sizeof(u64)) /** * struct bio_crypt_ctx - an inline encryption context * @bc_key: the key, algorithm, and data unit size to use * @bc_dun: the data unit number (starting IV) to use * * A bio_crypt_ctx specifies that the contents of the bio will be encrypted (for * write requests) or decrypted (for read requests) inline by the storage device * or controller, or by the crypto API fallback. */ struct bio_crypt_ctx { const struct blk_crypto_key *bc_key; u64 bc_dun[BLK_CRYPTO_DUN_ARRAY_SIZE]; }; #include <linux/blk_types.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> struct request; struct request_queue; #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_INLINE_ENCRYPTION static inline bool bio_has_crypt_ctx(struct bio *bio) { return bio->bi_crypt_context; } void bio_crypt_set_ctx(struct bio *bio, const struct blk_crypto_key *key, const u64 dun[BLK_CRYPTO_DUN_ARRAY_SIZE], gfp_t gfp_mask); bool bio_crypt_dun_is_contiguous(const struct bio_crypt_ctx *bc, unsigned int bytes, const u64 next_dun[BLK_CRYPTO_DUN_ARRAY_SIZE]); int blk_crypto_init_key(struct blk_crypto_key *blk_key, const u8 *raw_key, enum blk_crypto_mode_num crypto_mode, unsigned int dun_bytes, unsigned int data_unit_size); int blk_crypto_start_using_key(const struct blk_crypto_key *key, struct request_queue *q); int blk_crypto_evict_key(struct request_queue *q, const struct blk_crypto_key *key); bool blk_crypto_config_supported(struct request_queue *q, const struct blk_crypto_config *cfg); #else /* CONFIG_BLK_INLINE_ENCRYPTION */ static inline bool bio_has_crypt_ctx(struct bio *bio) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_INLINE_ENCRYPTION */ int __bio_crypt_clone(struct bio *dst, struct bio *src, gfp_t gfp_mask); /** * bio_crypt_clone - clone bio encryption context * @dst: destination bio * @src: source bio * @gfp_mask: memory allocation flags * * If @src has an encryption context, clone it to @dst. * * Return: 0 on success, -ENOMEM if out of memory. -ENOMEM is only possible if * @gfp_mask doesn't include %__GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM. */ static inline int bio_crypt_clone(struct bio *dst, struct bio *src, gfp_t gfp_mask) { if (bio_has_crypt_ctx(src)) return __bio_crypt_clone(dst, src, gfp_mask); return 0; } #endif /* __LINUX_BLK_CRYPTO_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_USER_NAMESPACE_H #define _LINUX_USER_NAMESPACE_H #include <linux/kref.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> #include <linux/ns_common.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/err.h> #define UID_GID_MAP_MAX_BASE_EXTENTS 5 #define UID_GID_MAP_MAX_EXTENTS 340 struct uid_gid_extent { u32 first; u32 lower_first; u32 count; }; struct uid_gid_map { /* 64 bytes -- 1 cache line */ u32 nr_extents; union { struct uid_gid_extent extent[UID_GID_MAP_MAX_BASE_EXTENTS]; struct { struct uid_gid_extent *forward; struct uid_gid_extent *reverse; }; }; }; #define USERNS_SETGROUPS_ALLOWED 1UL #define USERNS_INIT_FLAGS USERNS_SETGROUPS_ALLOWED struct ucounts; enum ucount_type { UCOUNT_USER_NAMESPACES, UCOUNT_PID_NAMESPACES, UCOUNT_UTS_NAMESPACES, UCOUNT_IPC_NAMESPACES, UCOUNT_NET_NAMESPACES, UCOUNT_MNT_NAMESPACES, UCOUNT_CGROUP_NAMESPACES, UCOUNT_TIME_NAMESPACES, #ifdef CONFIG_INOTIFY_USER UCOUNT_INOTIFY_INSTANCES, UCOUNT_INOTIFY_WATCHES, #endif UCOUNT_COUNTS, }; struct user_namespace { struct uid_gid_map uid_map; struct uid_gid_map gid_map; struct uid_gid_map projid_map; atomic_t count; struct user_namespace *parent; int level; kuid_t owner; kgid_t group; struct ns_common ns; unsigned long flags; /* parent_could_setfcap: true if the creator if this ns had CAP_SETFCAP * in its effective capability set at the child ns creation time. */ bool parent_could_setfcap; #ifdef CONFIG_KEYS /* List of joinable keyrings in this namespace. Modification access of * these pointers is controlled by keyring_sem. Once * user_keyring_register is set, it won't be changed, so it can be * accessed directly with READ_ONCE(). */ struct list_head keyring_name_list; struct key *user_keyring_register; struct rw_semaphore keyring_sem; #endif /* Register of per-UID persistent keyrings for this namespace */ #ifdef CONFIG_PERSISTENT_KEYRINGS struct key *persistent_keyring_register; #endif struct work_struct work; #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL struct ctl_table_set set; struct ctl_table_header *sysctls; #endif struct ucounts *ucounts; int ucount_max[UCOUNT_COUNTS]; } __randomize_layout; struct ucounts { struct hlist_node node; struct user_namespace *ns; kuid_t uid; int count; atomic_t ucount[UCOUNT_COUNTS]; }; extern struct user_namespace init_user_ns; bool setup_userns_sysctls(struct user_namespace *ns); void retire_userns_sysctls(struct user_namespace *ns); struct ucounts *inc_ucount(struct user_namespace *ns, kuid_t uid, enum ucount_type type); void dec_ucount(struct ucounts *ucounts, enum ucount_type type); #ifdef CONFIG_USER_NS static inline struct user_namespace *get_user_ns(struct user_namespace *ns) { if (ns) atomic_inc(&ns->count); return ns; } extern int create_user_ns(struct cred *new); extern int unshare_userns(unsigned long unshare_flags, struct cred **new_cred); extern void __put_user_ns(struct user_namespace *ns); static inline void put_user_ns(struct user_namespace *ns) { if (ns && atomic_dec_and_test(&ns->count)) __put_user_ns(ns); } struct seq_operations; extern const struct seq_operations proc_uid_seq_operations; extern const struct seq_operations proc_gid_seq_operations; extern const struct seq_operations proc_projid_seq_operations; extern ssize_t proc_uid_map_write(struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern ssize_t proc_gid_map_write(struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern ssize_t proc_projid_map_write(struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern ssize_t proc_setgroups_write(struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern int proc_setgroups_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v); extern bool userns_may_setgroups(const struct user_namespace *ns); extern bool in_userns(const struct user_namespace *ancestor, const struct user_namespace *child); extern bool current_in_userns(const struct user_namespace *target_ns); struct ns_common *ns_get_owner(struct ns_common *ns); #else static inline struct user_namespace *get_user_ns(struct user_namespace *ns) { return &init_user_ns; } static inline int create_user_ns(struct cred *new) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int unshare_userns(unsigned long unshare_flags, struct cred **new_cred) { if (unshare_flags & CLONE_NEWUSER) return -EINVAL; return 0; } static inline void put_user_ns(struct user_namespace *ns) { } static inline bool userns_may_setgroups(const struct user_namespace *ns) { return true; } static inline bool in_userns(const struct user_namespace *ancestor, const struct user_namespace *child) { return true; } static inline bool current_in_userns(const struct user_namespace *target_ns) { return true; } static inline struct ns_common *ns_get_owner(struct ns_common *ns) { return ERR_PTR(-EPERM); } #endif #endif /* _LINUX_USER_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* File: linux/posix_acl.h (C) 2002 Andreas Gruenbacher, <a.gruenbacher@computer.org> */ #ifndef __LINUX_POSIX_ACL_H #define __LINUX_POSIX_ACL_H #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <uapi/linux/posix_acl.h> struct posix_acl_entry { short e_tag; unsigned short e_perm; union { kuid_t e_uid; kgid_t e_gid; }; }; struct posix_acl { refcount_t a_refcount; struct rcu_head a_rcu; unsigned int a_count; struct posix_acl_entry a_entries[]; }; #define FOREACH_ACL_ENTRY(pa, acl, pe) \ for(pa=(acl)->a_entries, pe=pa+(acl)->a_count; pa<pe; pa++) /* * Duplicate an ACL handle. */ static inline struct posix_acl * posix_acl_dup(struct posix_acl *acl) { if (acl) refcount_inc(&acl->a_refcount); return acl; } /* * Free an ACL handle. */ static inline void posix_acl_release(struct posix_acl *acl) { if (acl && refcount_dec_and_test(&acl->a_refcount)) kfree_rcu(acl, a_rcu); } /* posix_acl.c */ extern void posix_acl_init(struct posix_acl *, int); extern struct posix_acl *posix_acl_alloc(int, gfp_t); extern int posix_acl_valid(struct user_namespace *, const struct posix_acl *); extern int posix_acl_permission(struct inode *, const struct posix_acl *, int); extern struct posix_acl *posix_acl_from_mode(umode_t, gfp_t); extern int posix_acl_equiv_mode(const struct posix_acl *, umode_t *); extern int __posix_acl_create(struct posix_acl **, gfp_t, umode_t *); extern int __posix_acl_chmod(struct posix_acl **, gfp_t, umode_t); extern struct posix_acl *get_posix_acl(struct inode *, int); extern int set_posix_acl(struct inode *, int, struct posix_acl *); #ifdef CONFIG_FS_POSIX_ACL extern int posix_acl_chmod(struct inode *, umode_t); extern int posix_acl_create(struct inode *, umode_t *, struct posix_acl **, struct posix_acl **); extern int posix_acl_update_mode(struct inode *, umode_t *, struct posix_acl **); extern int simple_set_acl(struct inode *, struct posix_acl *, int); extern int simple_acl_create(struct inode *, struct inode *); struct posix_acl *get_cached_acl(struct inode *inode, int type); struct posix_acl *get_cached_acl_rcu(struct inode *inode, int type); void set_cached_acl(struct inode *inode, int type, struct posix_acl *acl); void forget_cached_acl(struct inode *inode, int type); void forget_all_cached_acls(struct inode *inode); static inline void cache_no_acl(struct inode *inode) { inode->i_acl = NULL; inode->i_default_acl = NULL; } #else static inline int posix_acl_chmod(struct inode *inode, umode_t mode) { return 0; } #define simple_set_acl NULL static inline int simple_acl_create(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode) { return 0; } static inline void cache_no_acl(struct inode *inode) { } static inline int posix_acl_create(struct inode *inode, umode_t *mode, struct posix_acl **default_acl, struct posix_acl **acl) { *default_acl = *acl = NULL; return 0; } static inline void forget_all_cached_acls(struct inode *inode) { } #endif /* CONFIG_FS_POSIX_ACL */ struct posix_acl *get_acl(struct inode *inode, int type); #endif /* __LINUX_POSIX_ACL_H */
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* internal.h: mm/ internal definitions * * Copyright (C) 2004 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved. * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com) */ #ifndef __MM_INTERNAL_H #define __MM_INTERNAL_H #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/tracepoint-defs.h> /* * The set of flags that only affect watermark checking and reclaim * behaviour. This is used by the MM to obey the caller constraints * about IO, FS and watermark checking while ignoring placement * hints such as HIGHMEM usage. */ #define GFP_RECLAIM_MASK (__GFP_RECLAIM|__GFP_HIGH|__GFP_IO|__GFP_FS|\ __GFP_NOWARN|__GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL|__GFP_NOFAIL|\ __GFP_NORETRY|__GFP_MEMALLOC|__GFP_NOMEMALLOC|\ __GFP_ATOMIC) /* The GFP flags allowed during early boot */ #define GFP_BOOT_MASK (__GFP_BITS_MASK & ~(__GFP_RECLAIM|__GFP_IO|__GFP_FS)) /* Control allocation cpuset and node placement constraints */ #define GFP_CONSTRAINT_MASK (__GFP_HARDWALL|__GFP_THISNODE) /* Do not use these with a slab allocator */ #define GFP_SLAB_BUG_MASK (__GFP_DMA32|__GFP_HIGHMEM|~__GFP_BITS_MASK) void page_writeback_init(void); vm_fault_t do_swap_page(struct vm_fault *vmf); void free_pgtables(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *start_vma, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling); static inline bool can_madv_lru_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return !(vma->vm_flags & (VM_LOCKED|VM_HUGETLB|VM_PFNMAP)); } void unmap_page_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details); void do_page_cache_ra(struct readahead_control *, unsigned long nr_to_read, unsigned long lookahead_size); void force_page_cache_ra(struct readahead_control *, struct file_ra_state *, unsigned long nr); static inline void force_page_cache_readahead(struct address_space *mapping, struct file *file, pgoff_t index, unsigned long nr_to_read) { DEFINE_READAHEAD(ractl, file, mapping, index); force_page_cache_ra(&ractl, &file->f_ra, nr_to_read); } struct page *find_get_entry(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index); struct page *find_lock_entry(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index); /** * page_evictable - test whether a page is evictable * @page: the page to test * * Test whether page is evictable--i.e., should be placed on active/inactive * lists vs unevictable list. * * Reasons page might not be evictable: * (1) page's mapping marked unevictable * (2) page is part of an mlocked VMA * */ static inline bool page_evictable(struct page *page) { bool ret; /* Prevent address_space of inode and swap cache from being freed */ rcu_read_lock(); ret = !mapping_unevictable(page_mapping(page)) && !PageMlocked(page); rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } /* * Turn a non-refcounted page (->_refcount == 0) into refcounted with * a count of one. */ static inline void set_page_refcounted(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageTail(page), page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_ref_count(page), page); set_page_count(page, 1); } extern unsigned long highest_memmap_pfn; /* * Maximum number of reclaim retries without progress before the OOM * killer is consider the only way forward. */ #define MAX_RECLAIM_RETRIES 16 /* * in mm/vmscan.c: */ extern int isolate_lru_page(struct page *page); extern void putback_lru_page(struct page *page); /* * in mm/rmap.c: */ extern pmd_t *mm_find_pmd(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address); /* * in mm/page_alloc.c */ /* * Structure for holding the mostly immutable allocation parameters passed * between functions involved in allocations, including the alloc_pages* * family of functions. * * nodemask, migratetype and highest_zoneidx are initialized only once in * __alloc_pages_nodemask() and then never change. * * zonelist, preferred_zone and highest_zoneidx are set first in * __alloc_pages_nodemask() for the fast path, and might be later changed * in __alloc_pages_slowpath(). All other functions pass the whole structure * by a const pointer. */ struct alloc_context { struct zonelist *zonelist; nodemask_t *nodemask; struct zoneref *preferred_zoneref; int migratetype; /* * highest_zoneidx represents highest usable zone index of * the allocation request. Due to the nature of the zone, * memory on lower zone than the highest_zoneidx will be * protected by lowmem_reserve[highest_zoneidx]. * * highest_zoneidx is also used by reclaim/compaction to limit * the target zone since higher zone than this index cannot be * usable for this allocation request. */ enum zone_type highest_zoneidx; bool spread_dirty_pages; }; /* * Locate the struct page for both the matching buddy in our * pair (buddy1) and the combined O(n+1) page they form (page). * * 1) Any buddy B1 will have an order O twin B2 which satisfies * the following equation: * B2 = B1 ^ (1 << O) * For example, if the starting buddy (buddy2) is #8 its order * 1 buddy is #10: * B2 = 8 ^ (1 << 1) = 8 ^ 2 = 10 * * 2) Any buddy B will have an order O+1 parent P which * satisfies the following equation: * P = B & ~(1 << O) * * Assumption: *_mem_map is contiguous at least up to MAX_ORDER */ static inline unsigned long __find_buddy_pfn(unsigned long page_pfn, unsigned int order) { return page_pfn ^ (1 << order); } extern struct page *__pageblock_pfn_to_page(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn, struct zone *zone); static inline struct page *pageblock_pfn_to_page(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn, struct zone *zone) { if (zone->contiguous) return pfn_to_page(start_pfn); return __pageblock_pfn_to_page(start_pfn, end_pfn, zone); } extern int __isolate_free_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order); extern void __putback_isolated_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order, int mt); extern void memblock_free_pages(struct page *page, unsigned long pfn, unsigned int order); extern void __free_pages_core(struct page *page, unsigned int order); extern void prep_compound_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order); extern void post_alloc_hook(struct page *page, unsigned int order, gfp_t gfp_flags); extern int user_min_free_kbytes; extern void zone_pcp_update(struct zone *zone); extern void zone_pcp_reset(struct zone *zone); #if defined CONFIG_COMPACTION || defined CONFIG_CMA /* * in mm/compaction.c */ /* * compact_control is used to track pages being migrated and the free pages * they are being migrated to during memory compaction. The free_pfn starts * at the end of a zone and migrate_pfn begins at the start. Movable pages * are moved to the end of a zone during a compaction run and the run * completes when free_pfn <= migrate_pfn */ struct compact_control { struct list_head freepages; /* List of free pages to migrate to */ struct list_head migratepages; /* List of pages being migrated */ unsigned int nr_freepages; /* Number of isolated free pages */ unsigned int nr_migratepages; /* Number of pages to migrate */ unsigned long free_pfn; /* isolate_freepages search base */ unsigned long migrate_pfn; /* isolate_migratepages search base */ unsigned long fast_start_pfn; /* a pfn to start linear scan from */ struct zone *zone; unsigned long total_migrate_scanned; unsigned long total_free_scanned; unsigned short fast_search_fail;/* failures to use free list searches */ short search_order; /* order to start a fast search at */ const gfp_t gfp_mask; /* gfp mask of a direct compactor */ int order; /* order a direct compactor needs */ int migratetype; /* migratetype of direct compactor */ const unsigned int alloc_flags; /* alloc flags of a direct compactor */ const int highest_zoneidx; /* zone index of a direct compactor */ enum migrate_mode mode; /* Async or sync migration mode */ bool ignore_skip_hint; /* Scan blocks even if marked skip */ bool no_set_skip_hint; /* Don't mark blocks for skipping */ bool ignore_block_suitable; /* Scan blocks considered unsuitable */ bool direct_compaction; /* False from kcompactd or /proc/... */ bool proactive_compaction; /* kcompactd proactive compaction */ bool whole_zone; /* Whole zone should/has been scanned */ bool contended; /* Signal lock or sched contention */ bool rescan; /* Rescanning the same pageblock */ bool alloc_contig; /* alloc_contig_range allocation */ }; /* * Used in direct compaction when a page should be taken from the freelists * immediately when one is created during the free path. */ struct capture_control { struct compact_control *cc; struct page *page; }; unsigned long isolate_freepages_range(struct compact_control *cc, unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn); unsigned long isolate_migratepages_range(struct compact_control *cc, unsigned long low_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn); int find_suitable_fallback(struct free_area *area, unsigned int order, int migratetype, bool only_stealable, bool *can_steal); #endif /* * This function returns the order of a free page in the buddy system. In * general, page_zone(page)->lock must be held by the caller to prevent the * page from being allocated in parallel and returning garbage as the order. * If a caller does not hold page_zone(page)->lock, it must guarantee that the * page cannot be allocated or merged in parallel. Alternatively, it must * handle invalid values gracefully, and use buddy_order_unsafe() below. */ static inline unsigned int buddy_order(struct page *page) { /* PageBuddy() must be checked by the caller */ return page_private(page); } /* * Like buddy_order(), but for callers who cannot afford to hold the zone lock. * PageBuddy() should be checked first by the caller to minimize race window, * and invalid values must be handled gracefully. * * READ_ONCE is used so that if the caller assigns the result into a local * variable and e.g. tests it for valid range before using, the compiler cannot * decide to remove the variable and inline the page_private(page) multiple * times, potentially observing different values in the tests and the actual * use of the result. */ #define buddy_order_unsafe(page) READ_ONCE(page_private(page)) static inline bool is_cow_mapping(vm_flags_t flags) { return (flags & (VM_SHARED | VM_MAYWRITE)) == VM_MAYWRITE; } /* * These three helpers classifies VMAs for virtual memory accounting. */ /* * Executable code area - executable, not writable, not stack */ static inline bool is_exec_mapping(vm_flags_t flags) { return (flags & (VM_EXEC | VM_WRITE | VM_STACK)) == VM_EXEC; } /* * Stack area - atomatically grows in one direction * * VM_GROWSUP / VM_GROWSDOWN VMAs are always private anonymous: * do_mmap() forbids all other combinations. */ static inline bool is_stack_mapping(vm_flags_t flags) { return (flags & VM_STACK) == VM_STACK; } /* * Data area - private, writable, not stack */ static inline bool is_data_mapping(vm_flags_t flags) { return (flags & (VM_WRITE | VM_SHARED | VM_STACK)) == VM_WRITE; } /* mm/util.c */ void __vma_link_list(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *prev); void __vma_unlink_list(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern long populate_vma_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, int *nonblocking); extern void munlock_vma_pages_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); static inline void munlock_vma_pages_all(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { munlock_vma_pages_range(vma, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end); } /* * must be called with vma's mmap_lock held for read or write, and page locked. */ extern void mlock_vma_page(struct page *page); extern unsigned int munlock_vma_page(struct page *page); /* * Clear the page's PageMlocked(). This can be useful in a situation where * we want to unconditionally remove a page from the pagecache -- e.g., * on truncation or freeing. * * It is legal to call this function for any page, mlocked or not. * If called for a page that is still mapped by mlocked vmas, all we do * is revert to lazy LRU behaviour -- semantics are not broken. */ extern void clear_page_mlock(struct page *page); /* * mlock_migrate_page - called only from migrate_misplaced_transhuge_page() * (because that does not go through the full procedure of migration ptes): * to migrate the Mlocked page flag; update statistics. */ static inline void mlock_migrate_page(struct page *newpage, struct page *page) { if (TestClearPageMlocked(page)) { int nr_pages = thp_nr_pages(page); /* Holding pmd lock, no change in irq context: __mod is safe */ __mod_zone_page_state(page_zone(page), NR_MLOCK, -nr_pages); SetPageMlocked(newpage); __mod_zone_page_state(page_zone(newpage), NR_MLOCK, nr_pages); } } extern pmd_t maybe_pmd_mkwrite(pmd_t pmd, struct vm_area_struct *vma); /* * At what user virtual address is page expected in vma? * Returns -EFAULT if all of the page is outside the range of vma. * If page is a compound head, the entire compound page is considered. */ static inline unsigned long vma_address(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { pgoff_t pgoff; unsigned long address; VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageKsm(page), page); /* KSM page->index unusable */ pgoff = page_to_pgoff(page); if (pgoff >= vma->vm_pgoff) { address = vma->vm_start + ((pgoff - vma->vm_pgoff) << PAGE_SHIFT); /* Check for address beyond vma (or wrapped through 0?) */ if (address < vma->vm_start || address >= vma->vm_end) address = -EFAULT; } else if (PageHead(page) && pgoff + compound_nr(page) - 1 >= vma->vm_pgoff) { /* Test above avoids possibility of wrap to 0 on 32-bit */ address = vma->vm_start; } else { address = -EFAULT; } return address; } /* * Then at what user virtual address will none of the page be found in vma? * Assumes that vma_address() already returned a good starting address. * If page is a compound head, the entire compound page is considered. */ static inline unsigned long vma_address_end(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { pgoff_t pgoff; unsigned long address; VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageKsm(page), page); /* KSM page->index unusable */ pgoff = page_to_pgoff(page) + compound_nr(page); address = vma->vm_start + ((pgoff - vma->vm_pgoff) << PAGE_SHIFT); /* Check for address beyond vma (or wrapped through 0?) */ if (address < vma->vm_start || address > vma->vm_end) address = vma->vm_end; return address; } static inline struct file *maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct file *fpin) { int flags = vmf->flags; if (fpin) return fpin; /* * FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT means we don't want to wait on page locks or * anything, so we only pin the file and drop the mmap_lock if only * FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY is set, while this is the first attempt. */ if (fault_flag_allow_retry_first(flags) && !(flags & FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT)) { fpin = get_file(vmf->vma->vm_file); mmap_read_unlock(vmf->vma->vm_mm); } return fpin; } #else /* !CONFIG_MMU */ static inline void clear_page_mlock(struct page *page) { } static inline void mlock_vma_page(struct page *page) { } static inline void mlock_migrate_page(struct page *new, struct page *old) { } #endif /* !CONFIG_MMU */ /* * Return the mem_map entry representing the 'offset' subpage within * the maximally aligned gigantic page 'base'. Handle any discontiguity * in the mem_map at MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES boundaries. */ static inline struct page *mem_map_offset(struct page *base, int offset) { if (unlikely(offset >= MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES)) return nth_page(base, offset); return base + offset; } /* * Iterator over all subpages within the maximally aligned gigantic * page 'base'. Handle any discontiguity in the mem_map. */ static inline struct page *mem_map_next(struct page *iter, struct page *base, int offset) { if (unlikely((offset & (MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES - 1)) == 0)) { unsigned long pfn = page_to_pfn(base) + offset; if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) return NULL; return pfn_to_page(pfn); } return iter + 1; } /* Memory initialisation debug and verification */ enum mminit_level { MMINIT_WARNING, MMINIT_VERIFY, MMINIT_TRACE }; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_MEMORY_INIT extern int mminit_loglevel; #define mminit_dprintk(level, prefix, fmt, arg...) \ do { \ if (level < mminit_loglevel) { \ if (level <= MMINIT_WARNING) \ pr_warn("mminit::" prefix " " fmt, ##arg); \ else \ printk(KERN_DEBUG "mminit::" prefix " " fmt, ##arg); \ } \ } while (0) extern void mminit_verify_pageflags_layout(void); extern void mminit_verify_zonelist(void); #else static inline void mminit_dprintk(enum mminit_level level, const char *prefix, const char *fmt, ...) { } static inline void mminit_verify_pageflags_layout(void) { } static inline void mminit_verify_zonelist(void) { } #endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_MEMORY_INIT */ /* mminit_validate_memmodel_limits is independent of CONFIG_DEBUG_MEMORY_INIT */ #if defined(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM) extern void mminit_validate_memmodel_limits(unsigned long *start_pfn, unsigned long *end_pfn); #else static inline void mminit_validate_memmodel_limits(unsigned long *start_pfn, unsigned long *end_pfn) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SPARSEMEM */ #define NODE_RECLAIM_NOSCAN -2 #define NODE_RECLAIM_FULL -1 #define NODE_RECLAIM_SOME 0 #define NODE_RECLAIM_SUCCESS 1 #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA extern int node_reclaim(struct pglist_data *, gfp_t, unsigned int); #else static inline int node_reclaim(struct pglist_data *pgdat, gfp_t mask, unsigned int order) { return NODE_RECLAIM_NOSCAN; } #endif extern int hwpoison_filter(struct page *p); extern u32 hwpoison_filter_dev_major; extern u32 hwpoison_filter_dev_minor; extern u64 hwpoison_filter_flags_mask; extern u64 hwpoison_filter_flags_value; extern u64 hwpoison_filter_memcg; extern u32 hwpoison_filter_enable; extern unsigned long __must_check vm_mmap_pgoff(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern void set_pageblock_order(void); unsigned int reclaim_clean_pages_from_list(struct zone *zone, struct list_head *page_list); /* The ALLOC_WMARK bits are used as an index to zone->watermark */ #define ALLOC_WMARK_MIN WMARK_MIN #define ALLOC_WMARK_LOW WMARK_LOW #define ALLOC_WMARK_HIGH WMARK_HIGH #define ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS 0x04 /* don't check watermarks at all */ /* Mask to get the watermark bits */ #define ALLOC_WMARK_MASK (ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS-1) /* * Only MMU archs have async oom victim reclaim - aka oom_reaper so we * cannot assume a reduced access to memory reserves is sufficient for * !MMU */ #ifdef CONFIG_MMU #define ALLOC_OOM 0x08 #else #define ALLOC_OOM ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS #endif #define ALLOC_HARDER 0x10 /* try to alloc harder */ #define ALLOC_HIGH 0x20 /* __GFP_HIGH set */ #define ALLOC_CPUSET 0x40 /* check for correct cpuset */ #define ALLOC_CMA 0x80 /* allow allocations from CMA areas */ #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DMA32 #define ALLOC_NOFRAGMENT 0x100 /* avoid mixing pageblock types */ #else #define ALLOC_NOFRAGMENT 0x0 #endif #define ALLOC_KSWAPD 0x800 /* allow waking of kswapd, __GFP_KSWAPD_RECLAIM set */ enum ttu_flags; struct tlbflush_unmap_batch; /* * only for MM internal work items which do not depend on * any allocations or locks which might depend on allocations */ extern struct workqueue_struct *mm_percpu_wq; #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_BATCHED_UNMAP_TLB_FLUSH void try_to_unmap_flush(void); void try_to_unmap_flush_dirty(void); void flush_tlb_batched_pending(struct mm_struct *mm); #else static inline void try_to_unmap_flush(void) { } static inline void try_to_unmap_flush_dirty(void) { } static inline void flush_tlb_batched_pending(struct mm_struct *mm) { } #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_BATCHED_UNMAP_TLB_FLUSH */ extern const struct trace_print_flags pageflag_names[]; extern const struct trace_print_flags vmaflag_names[]; extern const struct trace_print_flags gfpflag_names[]; static inline bool is_migrate_highatomic(enum migratetype migratetype) { return migratetype == MIGRATE_HIGHATOMIC; } static inline bool is_migrate_highatomic_page(struct page *page) { return get_pageblock_migratetype(page) == MIGRATE_HIGHATOMIC; } void setup_zone_pageset(struct zone *zone); struct migration_target_control { int nid; /* preferred node id */ nodemask_t *nmask; gfp_t gfp_mask; }; #endif /* __MM_INTERNAL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_BITOPS_H #define _LINUX_BITOPS_H #include <asm/types.h> #include <linux/bits.h> /* Set bits in the first 'n' bytes when loaded from memory */ #ifdef __LITTLE_ENDIAN # define aligned_byte_mask(n) ((1UL << 8*(n))-1) #else # define aligned_byte_mask(n) (~0xffUL << (BITS_PER_LONG - 8 - 8*(n))) #endif #define BITS_PER_TYPE(type) (sizeof(type) * BITS_PER_BYTE) #define BITS_TO_LONGS(nr) DIV_ROUND_UP(nr, BITS_PER_TYPE(long)) #define BITS_TO_U64(nr) DIV_ROUND_UP(nr, BITS_PER_TYPE(u64)) #define BITS_TO_U32(nr) DIV_ROUND_UP(nr, BITS_PER_TYPE(u32)) #define BITS_TO_BYTES(nr) DIV_ROUND_UP(nr, BITS_PER_TYPE(char)) extern unsigned int __sw_hweight8(unsigned int w); extern unsigned int __sw_hweight16(unsigned int w); extern unsigned int __sw_hweight32(unsigned int w); extern unsigned long __sw_hweight64(__u64 w); /* * Include this here because some architectures need generic_ffs/fls in * scope */ #include <asm/bitops.h> #define for_each_set_bit(bit, addr, size) \ for ((bit) = find_first_bit((addr), (size)); \ (bit) < (size); \ (bit) = find_next_bit((addr), (size), (bit) + 1)) /* same as for_each_set_bit() but use bit as value to start with */ #define for_each_set_bit_from(bit, addr, size) \ for ((bit) = find_next_bit((addr), (size), (bit)); \ (bit) < (size); \ (bit) = find_next_bit((addr), (size), (bit) + 1)) #define for_each_clear_bit(bit, addr, size) \ for ((bit) = find_first_zero_bit((addr), (size)); \ (bit) < (size); \ (bit) = find_next_zero_bit((addr), (size), (bit) + 1)) /* same as for_each_clear_bit() but use bit as value to start with */ #define for_each_clear_bit_from(bit, addr, size) \ for ((bit) = find_next_zero_bit((addr), (size), (bit)); \ (bit) < (size); \ (bit) = find_next_zero_bit((addr), (size), (bit) + 1)) /** * for_each_set_clump8 - iterate over bitmap for each 8-bit clump with set bits * @start: bit offset to start search and to store the current iteration offset * @clump: location to store copy of current 8-bit clump * @bits: bitmap address to base the search on * @size: bitmap size in number of bits */ #define for_each_set_clump8(start, clump, bits, size) \ for ((start) = find_first_clump8(&(clump), (bits), (size)); \ (start) < (size); \ (start) = find_next_clump8(&(clump), (bits), (size), (start) + 8)) static inline int get_bitmask_order(unsigned int count) { int order; order = fls(count); return order; /* We could be slightly more clever with -1 here... */ } static __always_inline unsigned long hweight_long(unsigned long w) { return sizeof(w) == 4 ? hweight32(w) : hweight64((__u64)w); } /** * rol64 - rotate a 64-bit value left * @word: value to rotate * @shift: bits to roll */ static inline __u64 rol64(__u64 word, unsigned int shift) { return (word << (shift & 63)) | (word >> ((-shift) & 63)); } /** * ror64 - rotate a 64-bit value right * @word: value to rotate * @shift: bits to roll */ static inline __u64 ror64(__u64 word, unsigned int shift) { return (word >> (shift & 63)) | (word << ((-shift) & 63)); } /** * rol32 - rotate a 32-bit value left * @word: value to rotate * @shift: bits to roll */ static inline __u32 rol32(__u32 word, unsigned int shift) { return (word << (shift & 31)) | (word >> ((-shift) & 31)); } /** * ror32 - rotate a 32-bit value right * @word: value to rotate * @shift: bits to roll */ static inline __u32 ror32(__u32 word, unsigned int shift) { return (word >> (shift & 31)) | (word << ((-shift) & 31)); } /** * rol16 - rotate a 16-bit value left * @word: value to rotate * @shift: bits to roll */ static inline __u16 rol16(__u16 word, unsigned int shift) { return (word << (shift & 15)) | (word >> ((-shift) & 15)); } /** * ror16 - rotate a 16-bit value right * @word: value to rotate * @shift: bits to roll */ static inline __u16 ror16(__u16 word, unsigned int shift) { return (word >> (shift & 15)) | (word << ((-shift) & 15)); } /** * rol8 - rotate an 8-bit value left * @word: value to rotate * @shift: bits to roll */ static inline __u8 rol8(__u8 word, unsigned int shift) { return (word << (shift & 7)) | (word >> ((-shift) & 7)); } /** * ror8 - rotate an 8-bit value right * @word: value to rotate * @shift: bits to roll */ static inline __u8 ror8(__u8 word, unsigned int shift) { return (word >> (shift & 7)) | (word << ((-shift) & 7)); } /** * sign_extend32 - sign extend a 32-bit value using specified bit as sign-bit * @value: value to sign extend * @index: 0 based bit index (0<=index<32) to sign bit * * This is safe to use for 16- and 8-bit types as well. */ static __always_inline __s32 sign_extend32(__u32 value, int index) { __u8 shift = 31 - index; return (__s32)(value << shift) >> shift; } /** * sign_extend64 - sign extend a 64-bit value using specified bit as sign-bit * @value: value to sign extend * @index: 0 based bit index (0<=index<64) to sign bit */ static __always_inline __s64 sign_extend64(__u64 value, int index) { __u8 shift = 63 - index; return (__s64)(value << shift) >> shift; } static inline unsigned fls_long(unsigned long l) { if (sizeof(l) == 4) return fls(l); return fls64(l); } static inline int get_count_order(unsigned int count) { if (count == 0) return -1; return fls(--count); } /** * get_count_order_long - get order after rounding @l up to power of 2 * @l: parameter * * it is same as get_count_order() but with long type parameter */ static inline int get_count_order_long(unsigned long l) { if (l == 0UL) return -1; return (int)fls_long(--l); } /** * __ffs64 - find first set bit in a 64 bit word * @word: The 64 bit word * * On 64 bit arches this is a synomyn for __ffs * The result is not defined if no bits are set, so check that @word * is non-zero before calling this. */ static inline unsigned long __ffs64(u64 word) { #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 if (((u32)word) == 0UL) return __ffs((u32)(word >> 32)) + 32; #elif BITS_PER_LONG != 64 #error BITS_PER_LONG not 32 or 64 #endif return __ffs((unsigned long)word); } /** * assign_bit - Assign value to a bit in memory * @nr: the bit to set * @addr: the address to start counting from * @value: the value to assign */ static __always_inline void assign_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr, bool value) { if (value) set_bit(nr, addr); else clear_bit(nr, addr); } static __always_inline void __assign_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr, bool value) { if (value) __set_bit(nr, addr); else __clear_bit(nr, addr); } #ifdef __KERNEL__ #ifndef set_mask_bits #define set_mask_bits(ptr, mask, bits) \ ({ \ const typeof(*(ptr)) mask__ = (mask), bits__ = (bits); \ typeof(*(ptr)) old__, new__; \ \ do { \ old__ = READ_ONCE(*(ptr)); \ new__ = (old__ & ~mask__) | bits__; \ } while (cmpxchg(ptr, old__, new__) != old__); \ \ old__; \ }) #endif #ifndef bit_clear_unless #define bit_clear_unless(ptr, clear, test) \ ({ \ const typeof(*(ptr)) clear__ = (clear), test__ = (test);\ typeof(*(ptr)) old__, new__; \ \ do { \ old__ = READ_ONCE(*(ptr)); \ new__ = old__ & ~clear__; \ } while (!(old__ & test__) && \ cmpxchg(ptr, old__, new__) != old__); \ \ !(old__ & test__); \ }) #endif #ifndef find_last_bit /** * find_last_bit - find the last set bit in a memory region * @addr: The address to start the search at * @size: The number of bits to search * * Returns the bit number of the last set bit, or size. */ extern unsigned long find_last_bit(const unsigned long *addr, unsigned long size); #endif #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* Filesystem parameter description and parser * * Copyright (C) 2018 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved. * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com) */ #ifndef _LINUX_FS_PARSER_H #define _LINUX_FS_PARSER_H #include <linux/fs_context.h> struct path; struct constant_table { const char *name; int value; }; struct fs_parameter_spec; struct fs_parse_result; typedef int fs_param_type(struct p_log *, const struct fs_parameter_spec *, struct fs_parameter *, struct fs_parse_result *); /* * The type of parameter expected. */ fs_param_type fs_param_is_bool, fs_param_is_u32, fs_param_is_s32, fs_param_is_u64, fs_param_is_enum, fs_param_is_string, fs_param_is_blob, fs_param_is_blockdev, fs_param_is_path, fs_param_is_fd; /* * Specification of the type of value a parameter wants. * * Note that the fsparam_flag(), fsparam_string(), fsparam_u32(), ... macros * should be used to generate elements of this type. */ struct fs_parameter_spec { const char *name; fs_param_type *type; /* The desired parameter type */ u8 opt; /* Option number (returned by fs_parse()) */ unsigned short flags; #define fs_param_neg_with_no 0x0002 /* "noxxx" is negative param */ #define fs_param_neg_with_empty 0x0004 /* "xxx=" is negative param */ #define fs_param_deprecated 0x0008 /* The param is deprecated */ const void *data; }; /* * Result of parse. */ struct fs_parse_result { bool negated; /* T if param was "noxxx" */ union { bool boolean; /* For spec_bool */ int int_32; /* For spec_s32/spec_enum */ unsigned int uint_32; /* For spec_u32{,_octal,_hex}/spec_enum */ u64 uint_64; /* For spec_u64 */ }; }; extern int __fs_parse(struct p_log *log, const struct fs_parameter_spec *desc, struct fs_parameter *value, struct fs_parse_result *result); static inline int fs_parse(struct fs_context *fc, const struct fs_parameter_spec *desc, struct fs_parameter *param, struct fs_parse_result *result) { return __fs_parse(&fc->log, desc, param, result); } extern int fs_lookup_param(struct fs_context *fc, struct fs_parameter *param, bool want_bdev, struct path *_path); extern int lookup_constant(const struct constant_table tbl[], const char *name, int not_found); #ifdef CONFIG_VALIDATE_FS_PARSER extern bool validate_constant_table(const struct constant_table *tbl, size_t tbl_size, int low, int high, int special); extern bool fs_validate_description(const char *name, const struct fs_parameter_spec *desc); #else static inline bool validate_constant_table(const struct constant_table *tbl, size_t tbl_size, int low, int high, int special) { return true; } static inline bool fs_validate_description(const char *name, const struct fs_parameter_spec *desc) { return true; } #endif /* * Parameter type, name, index and flags element constructors. Use as: * * fsparam_xxxx("foo", Opt_foo) * * If existing helpers are not enough, direct use of __fsparam() would * work, but any such case is probably a sign that new helper is needed. * Helpers will remain stable; low-level implementation may change. */ #define __fsparam(TYPE, NAME, OPT, FLAGS, DATA) \ { \ .name = NAME, \ .opt = OPT, \ .type = TYPE, \ .flags = FLAGS, \ .data = DATA \ } #define fsparam_flag(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(NULL, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_flag_no(NAME, OPT) \ __fsparam(NULL, NAME, OPT, fs_param_neg_with_no, NULL) #define fsparam_bool(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(fs_param_is_bool, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_u32(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(fs_param_is_u32, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_u32oct(NAME, OPT) \ __fsparam(fs_param_is_u32, NAME, OPT, 0, (void *)8) #define fsparam_u32hex(NAME, OPT) \ __fsparam(fs_param_is_u32_hex, NAME, OPT, 0, (void *)16) #define fsparam_s32(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(fs_param_is_s32, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_u64(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(fs_param_is_u64, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_enum(NAME, OPT, array) __fsparam(fs_param_is_enum, NAME, OPT, 0, array) #define fsparam_string(NAME, OPT) \ __fsparam(fs_param_is_string, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_blob(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(fs_param_is_blob, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_bdev(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(fs_param_is_blockdev, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_path(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(fs_param_is_path, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_fd(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(fs_param_is_fd, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #endif /* _LINUX_FS_PARSER_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds * Copyright (C) 2000, 2001, 2002 Andi Kleen, SuSE Labs */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_STACKTRACE_H #define _ASM_X86_STACKTRACE_H #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <asm/cpu_entry_area.h> #include <asm/switch_to.h> enum stack_type { STACK_TYPE_UNKNOWN, STACK_TYPE_TASK, STACK_TYPE_IRQ, STACK_TYPE_SOFTIRQ, STACK_TYPE_ENTRY, STACK_TYPE_EXCEPTION, STACK_TYPE_EXCEPTION_LAST = STACK_TYPE_EXCEPTION + N_EXCEPTION_STACKS-1, }; struct stack_info { enum stack_type type; unsigned long *begin, *end, *next_sp; }; bool in_task_stack(unsigned long *stack, struct task_struct *task, struct stack_info *info); bool in_entry_stack(unsigned long *stack, struct stack_info *info); int get_stack_info(unsigned long *stack, struct task_struct *task, struct stack_info *info, unsigned long *visit_mask); bool get_stack_info_noinstr(unsigned long *stack, struct task_struct *task, struct stack_info *info); const char *stack_type_name(enum stack_type type); static inline bool on_stack(struct stack_info *info, void *addr, size_t len) { void *begin = info->begin; void *end = info->end; return (info->type != STACK_TYPE_UNKNOWN && addr >= begin && addr < end && addr + len > begin && addr + len <= end); } #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 #define STACKSLOTS_PER_LINE 8 #else #define STACKSLOTS_PER_LINE 4 #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER static inline unsigned long * get_frame_pointer(struct task_struct *task, struct pt_regs *regs) { if (regs) return (unsigned long *)regs->bp; if (task == current) return __builtin_frame_address(0); return &((struct inactive_task_frame *)task->thread.sp)->bp; } #else static inline unsigned long * get_frame_pointer(struct task_struct *task, struct pt_regs *regs) { return NULL; } #endif /* CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER */ static inline unsigned long * get_stack_pointer(struct task_struct *task, struct pt_regs *regs) { if (regs) return (unsigned long *)regs->sp; if (task == current) return __builtin_frame_address(0); return (unsigned long *)task->thread.sp; } void show_trace_log_lvl(struct task_struct *task, struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long *stack, const char *log_lvl); /* The form of the top of the frame on the stack */ struct stack_frame { struct stack_frame *next_frame; unsigned long return_address; }; struct stack_frame_ia32 { u32 next_frame; u32 return_address; }; void show_opcodes(struct pt_regs *regs, const char *loglvl); void show_ip(struct pt_regs *regs, const char *loglvl); #endif /* _ASM_X86_STACKTRACE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_HUGE_MM_H #define _LINUX_HUGE_MM_H #include <linux/sched/coredump.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/fs.h> /* only for vma_is_dax() */ vm_fault_t do_huge_pmd_anonymous_page(struct vm_fault *vmf); int copy_huge_pmd(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, struct mm_struct *src_mm, pmd_t *dst_pmd, pmd_t *src_pmd, unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma); void huge_pmd_set_accessed(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd); int copy_huge_pud(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, struct mm_struct *src_mm, pud_t *dst_pud, pud_t *src_pud, unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct *vma); #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD void huge_pud_set_accessed(struct vm_fault *vmf, pud_t orig_pud); #else static inline void huge_pud_set_accessed(struct vm_fault *vmf, pud_t orig_pud) { } #endif vm_fault_t do_huge_pmd_wp_page(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd); struct page *follow_trans_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned int flags); bool madvise_free_huge_pmd(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long next); int zap_huge_pmd(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr); int zap_huge_pud(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr); bool move_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long old_addr, unsigned long new_addr, pmd_t *old_pmd, pmd_t *new_pmd); int change_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, pgprot_t newprot, unsigned long cp_flags); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_pmd_prot(struct vm_fault *vmf, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot, bool write); /** * vmf_insert_pfn_pmd - insert a pmd size pfn * @vmf: Structure describing the fault * @pfn: pfn to insert * @pgprot: page protection to use * @write: whether it's a write fault * * Insert a pmd size pfn. See vmf_insert_pfn() for additional info. * * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ static inline vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, pfn_t pfn, bool write) { return vmf_insert_pfn_pmd_prot(vmf, pfn, vmf->vma->vm_page_prot, write); } vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_pud_prot(struct vm_fault *vmf, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot, bool write); /** * vmf_insert_pfn_pud - insert a pud size pfn * @vmf: Structure describing the fault * @pfn: pfn to insert * @pgprot: page protection to use * @write: whether it's a write fault * * Insert a pud size pfn. See vmf_insert_pfn() for additional info. * * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ static inline vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_pud(struct vm_fault *vmf, pfn_t pfn, bool write) { return vmf_insert_pfn_pud_prot(vmf, pfn, vmf->vma->vm_page_prot, write); } enum transparent_hugepage_flag { TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_NEVER_DAX, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_REQ_MADV_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_DIRECT_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_KSWAPD_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_KSWAPD_OR_MADV_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_REQ_MADV_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_KHUGEPAGED_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_USE_ZERO_PAGE_FLAG, #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEBUG_COW_FLAG, #endif }; struct kobject; struct kobj_attribute; ssize_t single_hugepage_flag_store(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count, enum transparent_hugepage_flag flag); ssize_t single_hugepage_flag_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf, enum transparent_hugepage_flag flag); extern struct kobj_attribute shmem_enabled_attr; #define HPAGE_PMD_ORDER (HPAGE_PMD_SHIFT-PAGE_SHIFT) #define HPAGE_PMD_NR (1<<HPAGE_PMD_ORDER) #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE #define HPAGE_PMD_SHIFT PMD_SHIFT #define HPAGE_PMD_SIZE ((1UL) << HPAGE_PMD_SHIFT) #define HPAGE_PMD_MASK (~(HPAGE_PMD_SIZE - 1)) #define HPAGE_PUD_SHIFT PUD_SHIFT #define HPAGE_PUD_SIZE ((1UL) << HPAGE_PUD_SHIFT) #define HPAGE_PUD_MASK (~(HPAGE_PUD_SIZE - 1)) extern unsigned long transparent_hugepage_flags; static inline bool transhuge_vma_suitable(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long haddr) { /* Don't have to check pgoff for anonymous vma */ if (!vma_is_anonymous(vma)) { if (!IS_ALIGNED((vma->vm_start >> PAGE_SHIFT) - vma->vm_pgoff, HPAGE_PMD_NR)) return false; } if (haddr < vma->vm_start || haddr + HPAGE_PMD_SIZE > vma->vm_end) return false; return true; } static inline bool transhuge_vma_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long vm_flags) { /* Explicitly disabled through madvise. */ if ((vm_flags & VM_NOHUGEPAGE) || test_bit(MMF_DISABLE_THP, &vma->vm_mm->flags)) return false; return true; } /* * to be used on vmas which are known to support THP. * Use transparent_hugepage_active otherwise */ static inline bool __transparent_hugepage_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { /* * If the hardware/firmware marked hugepage support disabled. */ if (transparent_hugepage_flags & (1 << TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_NEVER_DAX)) return false; if (!transhuge_vma_enabled(vma, vma->vm_flags)) return false; if (vma_is_temporary_stack(vma)) return false; if (transparent_hugepage_flags & (1 << TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_FLAG)) return true; if (vma_is_dax(vma)) return true; if (transparent_hugepage_flags & (1 << TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_REQ_MADV_FLAG)) return !!(vma->vm_flags & VM_HUGEPAGE); return false; } bool transparent_hugepage_active(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #define transparent_hugepage_use_zero_page() \ (transparent_hugepage_flags & \ (1<<TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_USE_ZERO_PAGE_FLAG)) unsigned long thp_get_unmapped_area(struct file *filp, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long flags); void prep_transhuge_page(struct page *page); void free_transhuge_page(struct page *page); bool is_transparent_hugepage(struct page *page); bool can_split_huge_page(struct page *page, int *pextra_pins); int split_huge_page_to_list(struct page *page, struct list_head *list); static inline int split_huge_page(struct page *page) { return split_huge_page_to_list(page, NULL); } void deferred_split_huge_page(struct page *page); void __split_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long address, bool freeze, struct page *page); #define split_huge_pmd(__vma, __pmd, __address) \ do { \ pmd_t *____pmd = (__pmd); \ if (is_swap_pmd(*____pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*____pmd) \ || pmd_devmap(*____pmd)) \ __split_huge_pmd(__vma, __pmd, __address, \ false, NULL); \ } while (0) void split_huge_pmd_address(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, bool freeze, struct page *page); void __split_huge_pud(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address); #define split_huge_pud(__vma, __pud, __address) \ do { \ pud_t *____pud = (__pud); \ if (pud_trans_huge(*____pud) \ || pud_devmap(*____pud)) \ __split_huge_pud(__vma, __pud, __address); \ } while (0) int hugepage_madvise(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long *vm_flags, int advice); void vma_adjust_trans_huge(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, long adjust_next); spinlock_t *__pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd_t *pmd, struct vm_area_struct *vma); spinlock_t *__pud_trans_huge_lock(pud_t *pud, struct vm_area_struct *vma); static inline int is_swap_pmd(pmd_t pmd) { return !pmd_none(pmd) && !pmd_present(pmd); } /* mmap_lock must be held on entry */ static inline spinlock_t *pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd_t *pmd, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (is_swap_pmd(*pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*pmd) || pmd_devmap(*pmd)) return __pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd, vma); else return NULL; } static inline spinlock_t *pud_trans_huge_lock(pud_t *pud, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (pud_trans_huge(*pud) || pud_devmap(*pud)) return __pud_trans_huge_lock(pud, vma); else return NULL; } /** * thp_head - Head page of a transparent huge page. * @page: Any page (tail, head or regular) found in the page cache. */ static inline struct page *thp_head(struct page *page) { return compound_head(page); } /** * thp_order - Order of a transparent huge page. * @page: Head page of a transparent huge page. */ static inline unsigned int thp_order(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page); if (PageHead(page)) return HPAGE_PMD_ORDER; return 0; } /** * thp_nr_pages - The number of regular pages in this huge page. * @page: The head page of a huge page. */ static inline int thp_nr_pages(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page); if (PageHead(page)) return HPAGE_PMD_NR; return 1; } struct page *follow_devmap_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmd, int flags, struct dev_pagemap **pgmap); struct page *follow_devmap_pud(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pud_t *pud, int flags, struct dev_pagemap **pgmap); vm_fault_t do_huge_pmd_numa_page(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd); extern struct page *huge_zero_page; extern unsigned long huge_zero_pfn; static inline bool is_huge_zero_page(struct page *page) { return READ_ONCE(huge_zero_page) == page; } static inline bool is_huge_zero_pmd(pmd_t pmd) { return READ_ONCE(huge_zero_pfn) == pmd_pfn(pmd) && pmd_present(pmd); } static inline bool is_huge_zero_pud(pud_t pud) { return false; } struct page *mm_get_huge_zero_page(struct mm_struct *mm); void mm_put_huge_zero_page(struct mm_struct *mm); #define mk_huge_pmd(page, prot) pmd_mkhuge(mk_pmd(page, prot)) static inline bool thp_migration_supported(void) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_ENABLE_THP_MIGRATION); } static inline struct list_head *page_deferred_list(struct page *page) { /* * Global or memcg deferred list in the second tail pages is * occupied by compound_head. */ return &page[2].deferred_list; } #else /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #define HPAGE_PMD_SHIFT ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) #define HPAGE_PMD_MASK ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) #define HPAGE_PMD_SIZE ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) #define HPAGE_PUD_SHIFT ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) #define HPAGE_PUD_MASK ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) #define HPAGE_PUD_SIZE ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) static inline struct page *thp_head(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page); return page; } static inline unsigned int thp_order(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page); return 0; } static inline int thp_nr_pages(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page); return 1; } static inline bool __transparent_hugepage_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return false; } static inline bool transparent_hugepage_active(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return false; } static inline bool transhuge_vma_suitable(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long haddr) { return false; } static inline bool transhuge_vma_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long vm_flags) { return false; } static inline void prep_transhuge_page(struct page *page) {} static inline bool is_transparent_hugepage(struct page *page) { return false; } #define transparent_hugepage_flags 0UL #define thp_get_unmapped_area NULL static inline bool can_split_huge_page(struct page *page, int *pextra_pins) { BUILD_BUG(); return false; } static inline int split_huge_page_to_list(struct page *page, struct list_head *list) { return 0; } static inline int split_huge_page(struct page *page) { return 0; } static inline void deferred_split_huge_page(struct page *page) {} #define split_huge_pmd(__vma, __pmd, __address) \ do { } while (0) static inline void __split_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long address, bool freeze, struct page *page) {} static inline void split_huge_pmd_address(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, bool freeze, struct page *page) {} #define split_huge_pud(__vma, __pmd, __address) \ do { } while (0) static inline int hugepage_madvise(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long *vm_flags, int advice) { BUG(); return 0; } static inline void vma_adjust_trans_huge(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, long adjust_next) { } static inline int is_swap_pmd(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } static inline spinlock_t *pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd_t *pmd, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return NULL; } static inline spinlock_t *pud_trans_huge_lock(pud_t *pud, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return NULL; } static inline vm_fault_t do_huge_pmd_numa_page(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd) { return 0; } static inline bool is_huge_zero_page(struct page *page) { return false; } static inline bool is_huge_zero_pmd(pmd_t pmd) { return false; } static inline bool is_huge_zero_pud(pud_t pud) { return false; } static inline void mm_put_huge_zero_page(struct mm_struct *mm) { return; } static inline struct page *follow_devmap_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmd, int flags, struct dev_pagemap **pgmap) { return NULL; } static inline struct page *follow_devmap_pud(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pud_t *pud, int flags, struct dev_pagemap **pgmap) { return NULL; } static inline bool thp_migration_supported(void) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ /** * thp_size - Size of a transparent huge page. * @page: Head page of a transparent huge page. * * Return: Number of bytes in this page. */ static inline unsigned long thp_size(struct page *page) { return PAGE_SIZE << thp_order(page); } #endif /* _LINUX_HUGE_MM_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_GFP_H #define __LINUX_GFP_H #include <linux/mmdebug.h> #include <linux/mmzone.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/topology.h> struct vm_area_struct; /* * In case of changes, please don't forget to update * include/trace/events/mmflags.h and tools/perf/builtin-kmem.c */ /* Plain integer GFP bitmasks. Do not use this directly. */ #define ___GFP_DMA 0x01u #define ___GFP_HIGHMEM 0x02u #define ___GFP_DMA32 0x04u #define ___GFP_MOVABLE 0x08u #define ___GFP_RECLAIMABLE 0x10u #define ___GFP_HIGH 0x20u #define ___GFP_IO 0x40u #define ___GFP_FS 0x80u #define ___GFP_ZERO 0x100u #define ___GFP_ATOMIC 0x200u #define ___GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM 0x400u #define ___GFP_KSWAPD_RECLAIM 0x800u #define ___GFP_WRITE 0x1000u #define ___GFP_NOWARN 0x2000u #define ___GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL 0x4000u #define ___GFP_NOFAIL 0x8000u #define ___GFP_NORETRY 0x10000u #define ___GFP_MEMALLOC 0x20000u #define ___GFP_COMP 0x40000u #define ___GFP_NOMEMALLOC 0x80000u #define ___GFP_HARDWALL 0x100000u #define ___GFP_THISNODE 0x200000u #define ___GFP_ACCOUNT 0x400000u #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP #define ___GFP_NOLOCKDEP 0x800000u #else #define ___GFP_NOLOCKDEP 0 #endif /* If the above are modified, __GFP_BITS_SHIFT may need updating */ /* * Physical address zone modifiers (see linux/mmzone.h - low four bits) * * Do not put any conditional on these. If necessary modify the definitions * without the underscores and use them consistently. The definitions here may * be used in bit comparisons. */ #define __GFP_DMA ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_DMA) #define __GFP_HIGHMEM ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_HIGHMEM) #define __GFP_DMA32 ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_DMA32) #define __GFP_MOVABLE ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_MOVABLE) /* ZONE_MOVABLE allowed */ #define GFP_ZONEMASK (__GFP_DMA|__GFP_HIGHMEM|__GFP_DMA32|__GFP_MOVABLE) /** * DOC: Page mobility and placement hints * * Page mobility and placement hints * ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ * * These flags provide hints about how mobile the page is. Pages with similar * mobility are placed within the same pageblocks to minimise problems due * to external fragmentation. * * %__GFP_MOVABLE (also a zone modifier) indicates that the page can be * moved by page migration during memory compaction or can be reclaimed. * * %__GFP_RECLAIMABLE is used for slab allocations that specify * SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT and whose pages can be freed via shrinkers. * * %__GFP_WRITE indicates the caller intends to dirty the page. Where possible, * these pages will be spread between local zones to avoid all the dirty * pages being in one zone (fair zone allocation policy). * * %__GFP_HARDWALL enforces the cpuset memory allocation policy. * * %__GFP_THISNODE forces the allocation to be satisfied from the requested * node with no fallbacks or placement policy enforcements. * * %__GFP_ACCOUNT causes the allocation to be accounted to kmemcg. */ #define __GFP_RECLAIMABLE ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_RECLAIMABLE) #define __GFP_WRITE ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_WRITE) #define __GFP_HARDWALL ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_HARDWALL) #define __GFP_THISNODE ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_THISNODE) #define __GFP_ACCOUNT ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_ACCOUNT) /** * DOC: Watermark modifiers * * Watermark modifiers -- controls access to emergency reserves * ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ * * %__GFP_HIGH indicates that the caller is high-priority and that granting * the request is necessary before the system can make forward progress. * For example, creating an IO context to clean pages. * * %__GFP_ATOMIC indicates that the caller cannot reclaim or sleep and is * high priority. Users are typically interrupt handlers. This may be * used in conjunction with %__GFP_HIGH * * %__GFP_MEMALLOC allows access to all memory. This should only be used when * the caller guarantees the allocation will allow more memory to be freed * very shortly e.g. process exiting or swapping. Users either should * be the MM or co-ordinating closely with the VM (e.g. swap over NFS). * Users of this flag have to be extremely careful to not deplete the reserve * completely and implement a throttling mechanism which controls the * consumption of the reserve based on the amount of freed memory. * Usage of a pre-allocated pool (e.g. mempool) should be always considered * before using this flag. * * %__GFP_NOMEMALLOC is used to explicitly forbid access to emergency reserves. * This takes precedence over the %__GFP_MEMALLOC flag if both are set. */ #define __GFP_ATOMIC ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_ATOMIC) #define __GFP_HIGH ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_HIGH) #define __GFP_MEMALLOC ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_MEMALLOC) #define __GFP_NOMEMALLOC ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_NOMEMALLOC) /** * DOC: Reclaim modifiers * * Reclaim modifiers * ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ * Please note that all the following flags are only applicable to sleepable * allocations (e.g. %GFP_NOWAIT and %GFP_ATOMIC will ignore them). * * %__GFP_IO can start physical IO. * * %__GFP_FS can call down to the low-level FS. Clearing the flag avoids the * allocator recursing into the filesystem which might already be holding * locks. * * %__GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM indicates that the caller may enter direct reclaim. * This flag can be cleared to avoid unnecessary delays when a fallback * option is available. * * %__GFP_KSWAPD_RECLAIM indicates that the caller wants to wake kswapd when * the low watermark is reached and have it reclaim pages until the high * watermark is reached. A caller may wish to clear this flag when fallback * options are available and the reclaim is likely to disrupt the system. The * canonical example is THP allocation where a fallback is cheap but * reclaim/compaction may cause indirect stalls. * * %__GFP_RECLAIM is shorthand to allow/forbid both direct and kswapd reclaim. * * The default allocator behavior depends on the request size. We have a concept * of so called costly allocations (with order > %PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER). * !costly allocations are too essential to fail so they are implicitly * non-failing by default (with some exceptions like OOM victims might fail so * the caller still has to check for failures) while costly requests try to be * not disruptive and back off even without invoking the OOM killer. * The following three modifiers might be used to override some of these * implicit rules * * %__GFP_NORETRY: The VM implementation will try only very lightweight * memory direct reclaim to get some memory under memory pressure (thus * it can sleep). It will avoid disruptive actions like OOM killer. The * caller must handle the failure which is quite likely to happen under * heavy memory pressure. The flag is suitable when failure can easily be * handled at small cost, such as reduced throughput * * %__GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL: The VM implementation will retry memory reclaim * procedures that have previously failed if there is some indication * that progress has been made else where. It can wait for other * tasks to attempt high level approaches to freeing memory such as * compaction (which removes fragmentation) and page-out. * There is still a definite limit to the number of retries, but it is * a larger limit than with %__GFP_NORETRY. * Allocations with this flag may fail, but only when there is * genuinely little unused memory. While these allocations do not * directly trigger the OOM killer, their failure indicates that * the system is likely to need to use the OOM killer soon. The * caller must handle failure, but can reasonably do so by failing * a higher-level request, or completing it only in a much less * efficient manner. * If the allocation does fail, and the caller is in a position to * free some non-essential memory, doing so could benefit the system * as a whole. * * %__GFP_NOFAIL: The VM implementation _must_ retry infinitely: the caller * cannot handle allocation failures. The allocation could block * indefinitely but will never return with failure. Testing for * failure is pointless. * New users should be evaluated carefully (and the flag should be * used only when there is no reasonable failure policy) but it is * definitely preferable to use the flag rather than opencode endless * loop around allocator. * Using this flag for costly allocations is _highly_ discouraged. */ #define __GFP_IO ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_IO) #define __GFP_FS ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_FS) #define __GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM) /* Caller can reclaim */ #define __GFP_KSWAPD_RECLAIM ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_KSWAPD_RECLAIM) /* kswapd can wake */ #define __GFP_RECLAIM ((__force gfp_t)(___GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM|___GFP_KSWAPD_RECLAIM)) #define __GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL) #define __GFP_NOFAIL ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_NOFAIL) #define __GFP_NORETRY ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_NORETRY) /** * DOC: Action modifiers * * Action modifiers * ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ * * %__GFP_NOWARN suppresses allocation failure reports. * * %__GFP_COMP address compound page metadata. * * %__GFP_ZERO returns a zeroed page on success. */ #define __GFP_NOWARN ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_NOWARN) #define __GFP_COMP ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_COMP) #define __GFP_ZERO ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_ZERO) /* Disable lockdep for GFP context tracking */ #define __GFP_NOLOCKDEP ((__force gfp_t)___GFP_NOLOCKDEP) /* Room for N __GFP_FOO bits */ #define __GFP_BITS_SHIFT (23 + IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_LOCKDEP)) #define __GFP_BITS_MASK ((__force gfp_t)((1 << __GFP_BITS_SHIFT) - 1)) /** * DOC: Useful GFP flag combinations * * Useful GFP flag combinations * ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ * * Useful GFP flag combinations that are commonly used. It is recommended * that subsystems start with one of these combinations and then set/clear * %__GFP_FOO flags as necessary. * * %GFP_ATOMIC users can not sleep and need the allocation to succeed. A lower * watermark is applied to allow access to "atomic reserves". * The current implementation doesn't support NMI and few other strict * non-preemptive contexts (e.g. raw_spin_lock). The same applies to %GFP_NOWAIT. * * %GFP_KERNEL is typical for kernel-internal allocations. The caller requires * %ZONE_NORMAL or a lower zone for direct access but can direct reclaim. * * %GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT is the same as GFP_KERNEL, except the allocation is * accounted to kmemcg. * * %GFP_NOWAIT is for kernel allocations that should not stall for direct * reclaim, start physical IO or use any filesystem callback. * * %GFP_NOIO will use direct reclaim to discard clean pages or slab pages * that do not require the starting of any physical IO. * Please try to avoid using this flag directly and instead use * memalloc_noio_{save,restore} to mark the whole scope which cannot * perform any IO with a short explanation why. All allocation requests * will inherit GFP_NOIO implicitly. * * %GFP_NOFS will use direct reclaim but will not use any filesystem interfaces. * Please try to avoid using this flag directly and instead use * memalloc_nofs_{save,restore} to mark the whole scope which cannot/shouldn't * recurse into the FS layer with a short explanation why. All allocation * requests will inherit GFP_NOFS implicitly. * * %GFP_USER is for userspace allocations that also need to be directly * accessibly by the kernel or hardware. It is typically used by hardware * for buffers that are mapped to userspace (e.g. graphics) that hardware * still must DMA to. cpuset limits are enforced for these allocations. * * %GFP_DMA exists for historical reasons and should be avoided where possible. * The flags indicates that the caller requires that the lowest zone be * used (%ZONE_DMA or 16M on x86-64). Ideally, this would be removed but * it would require careful auditing as some users really require it and * others use the flag to avoid lowmem reserves in %ZONE_DMA and treat the * lowest zone as a type of emergency reserve. * * %GFP_DMA32 is similar to %GFP_DMA except that the caller requires a 32-bit * address. * * %GFP_HIGHUSER is for userspace allocations that may be mapped to userspace, * do not need to be directly accessible by the kernel but that cannot * move once in use. An example may be a hardware allocation that maps * data directly into userspace but has no addressing limitations. * * %GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE is for userspace allocations that the kernel does not * need direct access to but can use kmap() when access is required. They * are expected to be movable via page reclaim or page migration. Typically, * pages on the LRU would also be allocated with %GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE. * * %GFP_TRANSHUGE and %GFP_TRANSHUGE_LIGHT are used for THP allocations. They * are compound allocations that will generally fail quickly if memory is not * available and will not wake kswapd/kcompactd on failure. The _LIGHT * version does not attempt reclaim/compaction at all and is by default used * in page fault path, while the non-light is used by khugepaged. */ #define GFP_ATOMIC (__GFP_HIGH|__GFP_ATOMIC|__GFP_KSWAPD_RECLAIM) #define GFP_KERNEL (__GFP_RECLAIM | __GFP_IO | __GFP_FS) #define GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT (GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ACCOUNT) #define GFP_NOWAIT (__GFP_KSWAPD_RECLAIM) #define GFP_NOIO (__GFP_RECLAIM) #define GFP_NOFS (__GFP_RECLAIM | __GFP_IO) #define GFP_USER (__GFP_RECLAIM | __GFP_IO | __GFP_FS | __GFP_HARDWALL) #define GFP_DMA __GFP_DMA #define GFP_DMA32 __GFP_DMA32 #define GFP_HIGHUSER (GFP_USER | __GFP_HIGHMEM) #define GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE (GFP_HIGHUSER | __GFP_MOVABLE) #define GFP_TRANSHUGE_LIGHT ((GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE | __GFP_COMP | \ __GFP_NOMEMALLOC | __GFP_NOWARN) & ~__GFP_RECLAIM) #define GFP_TRANSHUGE (GFP_TRANSHUGE_LIGHT | __GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM) /* Convert GFP flags to their corresponding migrate type */ #define GFP_MOVABLE_MASK (__GFP_RECLAIMABLE|__GFP_MOVABLE) #define GFP_MOVABLE_SHIFT 3 static inline int gfp_migratetype(const gfp_t gfp_flags) { VM_WARN_ON((gfp_flags & GFP_MOVABLE_MASK) == GFP_MOVABLE_MASK); BUILD_BUG_ON((1UL << GFP_MOVABLE_SHIFT) != ___GFP_MOVABLE); BUILD_BUG_ON((___GFP_MOVABLE >> GFP_MOVABLE_SHIFT) != MIGRATE_MOVABLE); if (unlikely(page_group_by_mobility_disabled)) return MIGRATE_UNMOVABLE; /* Group based on mobility */ return (gfp_flags & GFP_MOVABLE_MASK) >> GFP_MOVABLE_SHIFT; } #undef GFP_MOVABLE_MASK #undef GFP_MOVABLE_SHIFT static inline bool gfpflags_allow_blocking(const gfp_t gfp_flags) { return !!(gfp_flags & __GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM); } /** * gfpflags_normal_context - is gfp_flags a normal sleepable context? * @gfp_flags: gfp_flags to test * * Test whether @gfp_flags indicates that the allocation is from the * %current context and allowed to sleep. * * An allocation being allowed to block doesn't mean it owns the %current * context. When direct reclaim path tries to allocate memory, the * allocation context is nested inside whatever %current was doing at the * time of the original allocation. The nested allocation may be allowed * to block but modifying anything %current owns can corrupt the outer * context's expectations. * * %true result from this function indicates that the allocation context * can sleep and use anything that's associated with %current. */ static inline bool gfpflags_normal_context(const gfp_t gfp_flags) { return (gfp_flags & (__GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM | __GFP_MEMALLOC)) == __GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM; } #ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM #define OPT_ZONE_HIGHMEM ZONE_HIGHMEM #else #define OPT_ZONE_HIGHMEM ZONE_NORMAL #endif #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DMA #define OPT_ZONE_DMA ZONE_DMA #else #define OPT_ZONE_DMA ZONE_NORMAL #endif #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DMA32 #define OPT_ZONE_DMA32 ZONE_DMA32 #else #define OPT_ZONE_DMA32 ZONE_NORMAL #endif /* * GFP_ZONE_TABLE is a word size bitstring that is used for looking up the * zone to use given the lowest 4 bits of gfp_t. Entries are GFP_ZONES_SHIFT * bits long and there are 16 of them to cover all possible combinations of * __GFP_DMA, __GFP_DMA32, __GFP_MOVABLE and __GFP_HIGHMEM. * * The zone fallback order is MOVABLE=>HIGHMEM=>NORMAL=>DMA32=>DMA. * But GFP_MOVABLE is not only a zone specifier but also an allocation * policy. Therefore __GFP_MOVABLE plus another zone selector is valid. * Only 1 bit of the lowest 3 bits (DMA,DMA32,HIGHMEM) can be set to "1". * * bit result * ================= * 0x0 => NORMAL * 0x1 => DMA or NORMAL * 0x2 => HIGHMEM or NORMAL * 0x3 => BAD (DMA+HIGHMEM) * 0x4 => DMA32 or NORMAL * 0x5 => BAD (DMA+DMA32) * 0x6 => BAD (HIGHMEM+DMA32) * 0x7 => BAD (HIGHMEM+DMA32+DMA) * 0x8 => NORMAL (MOVABLE+0) * 0x9 => DMA or NORMAL (MOVABLE+DMA) * 0xa => MOVABLE (Movable is valid only if HIGHMEM is set too) * 0xb => BAD (MOVABLE+HIGHMEM+DMA) * 0xc => DMA32 or NORMAL (MOVABLE+DMA32) * 0xd => BAD (MOVABLE+DMA32+DMA) * 0xe => BAD (MOVABLE+DMA32+HIGHMEM) * 0xf => BAD (MOVABLE+DMA32+HIGHMEM+DMA) * * GFP_ZONES_SHIFT must be <= 2 on 32 bit platforms. */ #if defined(CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE) && (MAX_NR_ZONES-1) <= 4 /* ZONE_DEVICE is not a valid GFP zone specifier */ #define GFP_ZONES_SHIFT 2 #else #define GFP_ZONES_SHIFT ZONES_SHIFT #endif #if 16 * GFP_ZONES_SHIFT > BITS_PER_LONG #error GFP_ZONES_SHIFT too large to create GFP_ZONE_TABLE integer #endif #define GFP_ZONE_TABLE ( \ (ZONE_NORMAL << 0 * GFP_ZONES_SHIFT) \ | (OPT_ZONE_DMA << ___GFP_DMA * GFP_ZONES_SHIFT) \ | (OPT_ZONE_HIGHMEM << ___GFP_HIGHMEM * GFP_ZONES_SHIFT) \ | (OPT_ZONE_DMA32 << ___GFP_DMA32 * GFP_ZONES_SHIFT) \ | (ZONE_NORMAL << ___GFP_MOVABLE * GFP_ZONES_SHIFT) \ | (OPT_ZONE_DMA << (___GFP_MOVABLE | ___GFP_DMA) * GFP_ZONES_SHIFT) \ | (ZONE_MOVABLE << (___GFP_MOVABLE | ___GFP_HIGHMEM) * GFP_ZONES_SHIFT)\ | (OPT_ZONE_DMA32 << (___GFP_MOVABLE | ___GFP_DMA32) * GFP_ZONES_SHIFT)\ ) /* * GFP_ZONE_BAD is a bitmap for all combinations of __GFP_DMA, __GFP_DMA32 * __GFP_HIGHMEM and __GFP_MOVABLE that are not permitted. One flag per * entry starting with bit 0. Bit is set if the combination is not * allowed. */ #define GFP_ZONE_BAD ( \ 1 << (___GFP_DMA | ___GFP_HIGHMEM) \ | 1 << (___GFP_DMA | ___GFP_DMA32) \ | 1 << (___GFP_DMA32 | ___GFP_HIGHMEM) \ | 1 << (___GFP_DMA | ___GFP_DMA32 | ___GFP_HIGHMEM) \ | 1 << (___GFP_MOVABLE | ___GFP_HIGHMEM | ___GFP_DMA) \ | 1 << (___GFP_MOVABLE | ___GFP_DMA32 | ___GFP_DMA) \ | 1 << (___GFP_MOVABLE | ___GFP_DMA32 | ___GFP_HIGHMEM) \ | 1 << (___GFP_MOVABLE | ___GFP_DMA32 | ___GFP_DMA | ___GFP_HIGHMEM) \ ) static inline enum zone_type gfp_zone(gfp_t flags) { enum zone_type z; int bit = (__force int) (flags & GFP_ZONEMASK); z = (GFP_ZONE_TABLE >> (bit * GFP_ZONES_SHIFT)) & ((1 << GFP_ZONES_SHIFT) - 1); VM_BUG_ON((GFP_ZONE_BAD >> bit) & 1); return z; } /* * There is only one page-allocator function, and two main namespaces to * it. The alloc_page*() variants return 'struct page *' and as such * can allocate highmem pages, the *get*page*() variants return * virtual kernel addresses to the allocated page(s). */ static inline int gfp_zonelist(gfp_t flags) { #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA if (unlikely(flags & __GFP_THISNODE)) return ZONELIST_NOFALLBACK; #endif return ZONELIST_FALLBACK; } /* * We get the zone list from the current node and the gfp_mask. * This zone list contains a maximum of MAXNODES*MAX_NR_ZONES zones. * There are two zonelists per node, one for all zones with memory and * one containing just zones from the node the zonelist belongs to. * * For the normal case of non-DISCONTIGMEM systems the NODE_DATA() gets * optimized to &contig_page_data at compile-time. */ static inline struct zonelist *node_zonelist(int nid, gfp_t flags) { return NODE_DATA(nid)->node_zonelists + gfp_zonelist(flags); } #ifndef HAVE_ARCH_FREE_PAGE static inline void arch_free_page(struct page *page, int order) { } #endif #ifndef HAVE_ARCH_ALLOC_PAGE static inline void arch_alloc_page(struct page *page, int order) { } #endif #ifndef HAVE_ARCH_MAKE_PAGE_ACCESSIBLE static inline int arch_make_page_accessible(struct page *page) { return 0; } #endif struct page * __alloc_pages_nodemask(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order, int preferred_nid, nodemask_t *nodemask); static inline struct page * __alloc_pages(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order, int preferred_nid) { return __alloc_pages_nodemask(gfp_mask, order, preferred_nid, NULL); } /* * Allocate pages, preferring the node given as nid. The node must be valid and * online. For more general interface, see alloc_pages_node(). */ static inline struct page * __alloc_pages_node(int nid, gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order) { VM_BUG_ON(nid < 0 || nid >= MAX_NUMNODES); VM_WARN_ON((gfp_mask & __GFP_THISNODE) && !node_online(nid)); return __alloc_pages(gfp_mask, order, nid); } /* * Allocate pages, preferring the node given as nid. When nid == NUMA_NO_NODE, * prefer the current CPU's closest node. Otherwise node must be valid and * online. */ static inline struct page *alloc_pages_node(int nid, gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order) { if (nid == NUMA_NO_NODE) nid = numa_mem_id(); return __alloc_pages_node(nid, gfp_mask, order); } #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA extern struct page *alloc_pages_current(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned order); static inline struct page * alloc_pages(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order) { return alloc_pages_current(gfp_mask, order); } extern struct page *alloc_pages_vma(gfp_t gfp_mask, int order, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, int node, bool hugepage); #define alloc_hugepage_vma(gfp_mask, vma, addr, order) \ alloc_pages_vma(gfp_mask, order, vma, addr, numa_node_id(), true) #else static inline struct page *alloc_pages(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order) { return alloc_pages_node(numa_node_id(), gfp_mask, order); } #define alloc_pages_vma(gfp_mask, order, vma, addr, node, false)\ alloc_pages(gfp_mask, order) #define alloc_hugepage_vma(gfp_mask, vma, addr, order) \ alloc_pages(gfp_mask, order) #endif #define alloc_page(gfp_mask) alloc_pages(gfp_mask, 0) #define alloc_page_vma(gfp_mask, vma, addr) \ alloc_pages_vma(gfp_mask, 0, vma, addr, numa_node_id(), false) extern unsigned long __get_free_pages(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order); extern unsigned long get_zeroed_page(gfp_t gfp_mask); void *alloc_pages_exact(size_t size, gfp_t gfp_mask); void free_pages_exact(void *virt, size_t size); void * __meminit alloc_pages_exact_nid(int nid, size_t size, gfp_t gfp_mask); #define __get_free_page(gfp_mask) \ __get_free_pages((gfp_mask), 0) #define __get_dma_pages(gfp_mask, order) \ __get_free_pages((gfp_mask) | GFP_DMA, (order)) extern void __free_pages(struct page *page, unsigned int order); extern void free_pages(unsigned long addr, unsigned int order); extern void free_unref_page(struct page *page); extern void free_unref_page_list(struct list_head *list); struct page_frag_cache; extern void __page_frag_cache_drain(struct page *page, unsigned int count); extern void *page_frag_alloc(struct page_frag_cache *nc, unsigned int fragsz, gfp_t gfp_mask); extern void page_frag_free(void *addr); #define __free_page(page) __free_pages((page), 0) #define free_page(addr) free_pages((addr), 0) void page_alloc_init(void); void drain_zone_pages(struct zone *zone, struct per_cpu_pages *pcp); void drain_all_pages(struct zone *zone); void drain_local_pages(struct zone *zone); void page_alloc_init_late(void); /* * gfp_allowed_mask is set to GFP_BOOT_MASK during early boot to restrict what * GFP flags are used before interrupts are enabled. Once interrupts are * enabled, it is set to __GFP_BITS_MASK while the system is running. During * hibernation, it is used by PM to avoid I/O during memory allocation while * devices are suspended. */ extern gfp_t gfp_allowed_mask; /* Returns true if the gfp_mask allows use of ALLOC_NO_WATERMARK */ bool gfp_pfmemalloc_allowed(gfp_t gfp_mask); extern void pm_restrict_gfp_mask(void); extern void pm_restore_gfp_mask(void); #ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP extern bool pm_suspended_storage(void); #else static inline bool pm_suspended_storage(void) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_PM_SLEEP */ #ifdef CONFIG_CONTIG_ALLOC /* The below functions must be run on a range from a single zone. */ extern int alloc_contig_range(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, unsigned migratetype, gfp_t gfp_mask); extern struct page *alloc_contig_pages(unsigned long nr_pages, gfp_t gfp_mask, int nid, nodemask_t *nodemask); #endif void free_contig_range(unsigned long pfn, unsigned int nr_pages); #ifdef CONFIG_CMA /* CMA stuff */ extern void init_cma_reserved_pageblock(struct page *page); #endif #endif /* __LINUX_GFP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Generic nexthop implementation * * Copyright (c) 2017-19 Cumulus Networks * Copyright (c) 2017-19 David Ahern <dsa@cumulusnetworks.com> */ #ifndef __LINUX_NEXTHOP_H #define __LINUX_NEXTHOP_H #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/notifier.h> #include <linux/route.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <net/ip_fib.h> #include <net/ip6_fib.h> #include <net/netlink.h> #define NEXTHOP_VALID_USER_FLAGS RTNH_F_ONLINK struct nexthop; struct nh_config { u32 nh_id; u8 nh_family; u8 nh_protocol; u8 nh_blackhole; u8 nh_fdb; u32 nh_flags; int nh_ifindex; struct net_device *dev; union { __be32 ipv4; struct in6_addr ipv6; } gw; struct nlattr *nh_grp; u16 nh_grp_type; struct nlattr *nh_encap; u16 nh_encap_type; u32 nlflags; struct nl_info nlinfo; }; struct nh_info { struct hlist_node dev_hash; /* entry on netns devhash */ struct nexthop *nh_parent; u8 family; bool reject_nh; bool fdb_nh; union { struct fib_nh_common fib_nhc; struct fib_nh fib_nh; struct fib6_nh fib6_nh; }; }; struct nh_grp_entry { struct nexthop *nh; u8 weight; atomic_t upper_bound; struct list_head nh_list; struct nexthop *nh_parent; /* nexthop of group with this entry */ }; struct nh_group { struct nh_group *spare; /* spare group for removals */ u16 num_nh; bool mpath; bool fdb_nh; bool has_v4; struct nh_grp_entry nh_entries[]; }; struct nexthop { struct rb_node rb_node; /* entry on netns rbtree */ struct list_head fi_list; /* v4 entries using nh */ struct list_head f6i_list; /* v6 entries using nh */ struct list_head fdb_list; /* fdb entries using this nh */ struct list_head grp_list; /* nh group entries using this nh */ struct net *net; u32 id; u8 protocol; /* app managing this nh */ u8 nh_flags; bool is_group; refcount_t refcnt; struct rcu_head rcu; union { struct nh_info __rcu *nh_info; struct nh_group __rcu *nh_grp; }; }; enum nexthop_event_type { NEXTHOP_EVENT_DEL }; int register_nexthop_notifier(struct net *net, struct notifier_block *nb); int unregister_nexthop_notifier(struct net *net, struct notifier_block *nb); /* caller is holding rcu or rtnl; no reference taken to nexthop */ struct nexthop *nexthop_find_by_id(struct net *net, u32 id); void nexthop_free_rcu(struct rcu_head *head); static inline bool nexthop_get(struct nexthop *nh) { return refcount_inc_not_zero(&nh->refcnt); } static inline void nexthop_put(struct nexthop *nh) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&nh->refcnt)) call_rcu(&nh->rcu, nexthop_free_rcu); } static inline bool nexthop_cmp(const struct nexthop *nh1, const struct nexthop *nh2) { return nh1 == nh2; } static inline bool nexthop_is_fdb(const struct nexthop *nh) { if (nh->is_group) { const struct nh_group *nh_grp; nh_grp = rcu_dereference_rtnl(nh->nh_grp); return nh_grp->fdb_nh; } else { const struct nh_info *nhi; nhi = rcu_dereference_rtnl(nh->nh_info); return nhi->fdb_nh; } } static inline bool nexthop_has_v4(const struct nexthop *nh) { if (nh->is_group) { struct nh_group *nh_grp; nh_grp = rcu_dereference_rtnl(nh->nh_grp); return nh_grp->has_v4; } return false; } static inline bool nexthop_is_multipath(const struct nexthop *nh) { if (nh->is_group) { struct nh_group *nh_grp; nh_grp = rcu_dereference_rtnl(nh->nh_grp); return nh_grp->mpath; } return false; } struct nexthop *nexthop_select_path(struct nexthop *nh, int hash); static inline unsigned int nexthop_num_path(const struct nexthop *nh) { unsigned int rc = 1; if (nh->is_group) { struct nh_group *nh_grp; nh_grp = rcu_dereference_rtnl(nh->nh_grp); if (nh_grp->mpath) rc = nh_grp->num_nh; } return rc; } static inline struct nexthop *nexthop_mpath_select(const struct nh_group *nhg, int nhsel) { /* for_nexthops macros in fib_semantics.c grabs a pointer to * the nexthop before checking nhsel */ if (nhsel >= nhg->num_nh) return NULL; return nhg->nh_entries[nhsel].nh; } static inline int nexthop_mpath_fill_node(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nexthop *nh, u8 rt_family) { struct nh_group *nhg = rtnl_dereference(nh->nh_grp); int i; for (i = 0; i < nhg->num_nh; i++) { struct nexthop *nhe = nhg->nh_entries[i].nh; struct nh_info *nhi = rcu_dereference_rtnl(nhe->nh_info); struct fib_nh_common *nhc = &nhi->fib_nhc; int weight = nhg->nh_entries[i].weight; if (fib_add_nexthop(skb, nhc, weight, rt_family, 0) < 0) return -EMSGSIZE; } return 0; } /* called with rcu lock */ static inline bool nexthop_is_blackhole(const struct nexthop *nh) { const struct nh_info *nhi; if (nh->is_group) { struct nh_group *nh_grp; nh_grp = rcu_dereference_rtnl(nh->nh_grp); if (nh_grp->num_nh > 1) return false; nh = nh_grp->nh_entries[0].nh; } nhi = rcu_dereference_rtnl(nh->nh_info); return nhi->reject_nh; } static inline void nexthop_path_fib_result(struct fib_result *res, int hash) { struct nh_info *nhi; struct nexthop *nh; nh = nexthop_select_path(res->fi->nh, hash); nhi = rcu_dereference(nh->nh_info); res->nhc = &nhi->fib_nhc; } /* called with rcu read lock or rtnl held */ static inline struct fib_nh_common *nexthop_fib_nhc(struct nexthop *nh, int nhsel) { struct nh_info *nhi; BUILD_BUG_ON(offsetof(struct fib_nh, nh_common) != 0); BUILD_BUG_ON(offsetof(struct fib6_nh, nh_common) != 0); if (nh->is_group) { struct nh_group *nh_grp; nh_grp = rcu_dereference_rtnl(nh->nh_grp); if (nh_grp->mpath) { nh = nexthop_mpath_select(nh_grp, nhsel); if (!nh) return NULL; } } nhi = rcu_dereference_rtnl(nh->nh_info); return &nhi->fib_nhc; } /* called from fib_table_lookup with rcu_lock */ static inline struct fib_nh_common *nexthop_get_nhc_lookup(const struct nexthop *nh, int fib_flags, const struct flowi4 *flp, int *nhsel) { struct nh_info *nhi; if (nh->is_group) { struct nh_group *nhg = rcu_dereference(nh->nh_grp); int i; for (i = 0; i < nhg->num_nh; i++) { struct nexthop *nhe = nhg->nh_entries[i].nh; nhi = rcu_dereference(nhe->nh_info); if (fib_lookup_good_nhc(&nhi->fib_nhc, fib_flags, flp)) { *nhsel = i; return &nhi->fib_nhc; } } } else { nhi = rcu_dereference(nh->nh_info); if (fib_lookup_good_nhc(&nhi->fib_nhc, fib_flags, flp)) { *nhsel = 0; return &nhi->fib_nhc; } } return NULL; } static inline bool nexthop_uses_dev(const struct nexthop *nh, const struct net_device *dev) { struct nh_info *nhi; if (nh->is_group) { struct nh_group *nhg = rcu_dereference(nh->nh_grp); int i; for (i = 0; i < nhg->num_nh; i++) { struct nexthop *nhe = nhg->nh_entries[i].nh; nhi = rcu_dereference(nhe->nh_info); if (nhc_l3mdev_matches_dev(&nhi->fib_nhc, dev)) return true; } } else { nhi = rcu_dereference(nh->nh_info); if (nhc_l3mdev_matches_dev(&nhi->fib_nhc, dev)) return true; } return false; } static inline unsigned int fib_info_num_path(const struct fib_info *fi) { if (unlikely(fi->nh)) return nexthop_num_path(fi->nh); return fi->fib_nhs; } int fib_check_nexthop(struct nexthop *nh, u8 scope, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); static inline struct fib_nh_common *fib_info_nhc(struct fib_info *fi, int nhsel) { if (unlikely(fi->nh)) return nexthop_fib_nhc(fi->nh, nhsel); return &fi->fib_nh[nhsel].nh_common; } /* only used when fib_nh is built into fib_info */ static inline struct fib_nh *fib_info_nh(struct fib_info *fi, int nhsel) { WARN_ON(fi->nh); return &fi->fib_nh[nhsel]; } /* * IPv6 variants */ int fib6_check_nexthop(struct nexthop *nh, struct fib6_config *cfg, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); /* Caller should either hold rcu_read_lock(), or RTNL. */ static inline struct fib6_nh *nexthop_fib6_nh(struct nexthop *nh) { struct nh_info *nhi; if (nh->is_group) { struct nh_group *nh_grp; nh_grp = rcu_dereference_rtnl(nh->nh_grp); nh = nexthop_mpath_select(nh_grp, 0); if (!nh) return NULL; } nhi = rcu_dereference_rtnl(nh->nh_info); if (nhi->family == AF_INET6) return &nhi->fib6_nh; return NULL; } /* Variant of nexthop_fib6_nh(). * Caller should either hold rcu_read_lock_bh(), or RTNL. */ static inline struct fib6_nh *nexthop_fib6_nh_bh(struct nexthop *nh) { struct nh_info *nhi; if (nh->is_group) { struct nh_group *nh_grp; nh_grp = rcu_dereference_bh_rtnl(nh->nh_grp); nh = nexthop_mpath_select(nh_grp, 0); if (!nh) return NULL; } nhi = rcu_dereference_bh_rtnl(nh->nh_info); if (nhi->family == AF_INET6) return &nhi->fib6_nh; return NULL; } static inline struct net_device *fib6_info_nh_dev(struct fib6_info *f6i) { struct fib6_nh *fib6_nh; fib6_nh = f6i->nh ? nexthop_fib6_nh(f6i->nh) : f6i->fib6_nh; return fib6_nh->fib_nh_dev; } static inline void nexthop_path_fib6_result(struct fib6_result *res, int hash) { struct nexthop *nh = res->f6i->nh; struct nh_info *nhi; nh = nexthop_select_path(nh, hash); nhi = rcu_dereference_rtnl(nh->nh_info); if (nhi->reject_nh) { res->fib6_type = RTN_BLACKHOLE; res->fib6_flags |= RTF_REJECT; res->nh = nexthop_fib6_nh(nh); } else { res->nh = &nhi->fib6_nh; } } int nexthop_for_each_fib6_nh(struct nexthop *nh, int (*cb)(struct fib6_nh *nh, void *arg), void *arg); static inline int nexthop_get_family(struct nexthop *nh) { struct nh_info *nhi = rcu_dereference_rtnl(nh->nh_info); return nhi->family; } static inline struct fib_nh_common *nexthop_fdb_nhc(struct nexthop *nh) { struct nh_info *nhi = rcu_dereference_rtnl(nh->nh_info); return &nhi->fib_nhc; } static inline struct fib_nh_common *nexthop_path_fdb_result(struct nexthop *nh, int hash) { struct nh_info *nhi; struct nexthop *nhp; nhp = nexthop_select_path(nh, hash); if (unlikely(!nhp)) return NULL; nhi = rcu_dereference(nhp->nh_info); return &nhi->fib_nhc; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __ASM_GENERIC_GETORDER_H #define __ASM_GENERIC_GETORDER_H #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/log2.h> /** * get_order - Determine the allocation order of a memory size * @size: The size for which to get the order * * Determine the allocation order of a particular sized block of memory. This * is on a logarithmic scale, where: * * 0 -> 2^0 * PAGE_SIZE and below * 1 -> 2^1 * PAGE_SIZE to 2^0 * PAGE_SIZE + 1 * 2 -> 2^2 * PAGE_SIZE to 2^1 * PAGE_SIZE + 1 * 3 -> 2^3 * PAGE_SIZE to 2^2 * PAGE_SIZE + 1 * 4 -> 2^4 * PAGE_SIZE to 2^3 * PAGE_SIZE + 1 * ... * * The order returned is used to find the smallest allocation granule required * to hold an object of the specified size. * * The result is undefined if the size is 0. */ static inline __attribute_const__ int get_order(unsigned long size) { if (__builtin_constant_p(size)) { if (!size) return BITS_PER_LONG - PAGE_SHIFT; if (size < (1UL << PAGE_SHIFT)) return 0; return ilog2((size) - 1) - PAGE_SHIFT + 1; } size--; size >>= PAGE_SHIFT; #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 return fls(size); #else return fls64(size); #endif } #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* __ASM_GENERIC_GETORDER_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Hash algorithms. * * Copyright (c) 2008 Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au> */ #ifndef _CRYPTO_INTERNAL_HASH_H #define _CRYPTO_INTERNAL_HASH_H #include <crypto/algapi.h> #include <crypto/hash.h> struct ahash_request; struct scatterlist; struct crypto_hash_walk { char *data; unsigned int offset; unsigned int alignmask; struct page *pg; unsigned int entrylen; unsigned int total; struct scatterlist *sg; unsigned int flags; }; struct ahash_instance { void (*free)(struct ahash_instance *inst); union { struct { char head[offsetof(struct ahash_alg, halg.base)]; struct crypto_instance base; } s; struct ahash_alg alg; }; }; struct shash_instance { void (*free)(struct shash_instance *inst); union { struct { char head[offsetof(struct shash_alg, base)]; struct crypto_instance base; } s; struct shash_alg alg; }; }; struct crypto_ahash_spawn { struct crypto_spawn base; }; struct crypto_shash_spawn { struct crypto_spawn base; }; int crypto_hash_walk_done(struct crypto_hash_walk *walk, int err); int crypto_hash_walk_first(struct ahash_request *req, struct crypto_hash_walk *walk); static inline int crypto_hash_walk_last(struct crypto_hash_walk *walk) { return !(walk->entrylen | walk->total); } int crypto_register_ahash(struct ahash_alg *alg); void crypto_unregister_ahash(struct ahash_alg *alg); int crypto_register_ahashes(struct ahash_alg *algs, int count); void crypto_unregister_ahashes(struct ahash_alg *algs, int count); int ahash_register_instance(struct crypto_template *tmpl, struct ahash_instance *inst); bool crypto_shash_alg_has_setkey(struct shash_alg *alg); static inline bool crypto_shash_alg_needs_key(struct shash_alg *alg) { return crypto_shash_alg_has_setkey(alg) && !(alg->base.cra_flags & CRYPTO_ALG_OPTIONAL_KEY); } bool crypto_hash_alg_has_setkey(struct hash_alg_common *halg); int crypto_grab_ahash(struct crypto_ahash_spawn *spawn, struct crypto_instance *inst, const char *name, u32 type, u32 mask); static inline void crypto_drop_ahash(struct crypto_ahash_spawn *spawn) { crypto_drop_spawn(&spawn->base); } static inline struct hash_alg_common *crypto_spawn_ahash_alg( struct crypto_ahash_spawn *spawn) { return __crypto_hash_alg_common(spawn->base.alg); } int crypto_register_shash(struct shash_alg *alg); void crypto_unregister_shash(struct shash_alg *alg); int crypto_register_shashes(struct shash_alg *algs, int count); void crypto_unregister_shashes(struct shash_alg *algs, int count); int shash_register_instance(struct crypto_template *tmpl, struct shash_instance *inst); void shash_free_singlespawn_instance(struct shash_instance *inst); int crypto_grab_shash(struct crypto_shash_spawn *spawn, struct crypto_instance *inst, const char *name, u32 type, u32 mask); static inline void crypto_drop_shash(struct crypto_shash_spawn *spawn) { crypto_drop_spawn(&spawn->base); } static inline struct shash_alg *crypto_spawn_shash_alg( struct crypto_shash_spawn *spawn) { return __crypto_shash_alg(spawn->base.alg); } int shash_ahash_update(struct ahash_request *req, struct shash_desc *desc); int shash_ahash_finup(struct ahash_request *req, struct shash_desc *desc); int shash_ahash_digest(struct ahash_request *req, struct shash_desc *desc); int crypto_init_shash_ops_async(struct crypto_tfm *tfm); static inline void *crypto_ahash_ctx(struct crypto_ahash *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_ctx(crypto_ahash_tfm(tfm)); } static inline struct ahash_alg *__crypto_ahash_alg(struct crypto_alg *alg) { return container_of(__crypto_hash_alg_common(alg), struct ahash_alg, halg); } static inline void crypto_ahash_set_reqsize(struct crypto_ahash *tfm, unsigned int reqsize) { tfm->reqsize = reqsize; } static inline struct crypto_instance *ahash_crypto_instance( struct ahash_instance *inst) { return &inst->s.base; } static inline struct ahash_instance *ahash_instance( struct crypto_instance *inst) { return container_of(inst, struct ahash_instance, s.base); } static inline struct ahash_instance *ahash_alg_instance( struct crypto_ahash *ahash) { return ahash_instance(crypto_tfm_alg_instance(&ahash->base)); } static inline void *ahash_instance_ctx(struct ahash_instance *inst) { return crypto_instance_ctx(ahash_crypto_instance(inst)); } static inline void ahash_request_complete(struct ahash_request *req, int err) { req->base.complete(&req->base, err); } static inline u32 ahash_request_flags(struct ahash_request *req) { return req->base.flags; } static inline struct crypto_ahash *crypto_spawn_ahash( struct crypto_ahash_spawn *spawn) { return crypto_spawn_tfm2(&spawn->base); } static inline int ahash_enqueue_request(struct crypto_queue *queue, struct ahash_request *request) { return crypto_enqueue_request(queue, &request->base); } static inline struct ahash_request *ahash_dequeue_request( struct crypto_queue *queue) { return ahash_request_cast(crypto_dequeue_request(queue)); } static inline void *crypto_shash_ctx(struct crypto_shash *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_ctx(&tfm->base); } static inline struct crypto_instance *shash_crypto_instance( struct shash_instance *inst) { return &inst->s.base; } static inline struct shash_instance *shash_instance( struct crypto_instance *inst) { return container_of(inst, struct shash_instance, s.base); } static inline struct shash_instance *shash_alg_instance( struct crypto_shash *shash) { return shash_instance(crypto_tfm_alg_instance(&shash->base)); } static inline void *shash_instance_ctx(struct shash_instance *inst) { return crypto_instance_ctx(shash_crypto_instance(inst)); } static inline struct crypto_shash *crypto_spawn_shash( struct crypto_shash_spawn *spawn) { return crypto_spawn_tfm2(&spawn->base); } static inline void *crypto_shash_ctx_aligned(struct crypto_shash *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_ctx_aligned(&tfm->base); } static inline struct crypto_shash *__crypto_shash_cast(struct crypto_tfm *tfm) { return container_of(tfm, struct crypto_shash, base); } #endif /* _CRYPTO_INTERNAL_HASH_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * ioport.h Definitions of routines for detecting, reserving and * allocating system resources. * * Authors: Linus Torvalds */ #ifndef _LINUX_IOPORT_H #define _LINUX_IOPORT_H #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/bits.h> /* * Resources are tree-like, allowing * nesting etc.. */ struct resource { resource_size_t start; resource_size_t end; const char *name; unsigned long flags; unsigned long desc; struct resource *parent, *sibling, *child; }; /* * IO resources have these defined flags. * * PCI devices expose these flags to userspace in the "resource" sysfs file, * so don't move them. */ #define IORESOURCE_BITS 0x000000ff /* Bus-specific bits */ #define IORESOURCE_TYPE_BITS 0x00001f00 /* Resource type */ #define IORESOURCE_IO 0x00000100 /* PCI/ISA I/O ports */ #define IORESOURCE_MEM 0x00000200 #define IORESOURCE_REG 0x00000300 /* Register offsets */ #define IORESOURCE_IRQ 0x00000400 #define IORESOURCE_DMA 0x00000800 #define IORESOURCE_BUS 0x00001000 #define IORESOURCE_PREFETCH 0x00002000 /* No side effects */ #define IORESOURCE_READONLY 0x00004000 #define IORESOURCE_CACHEABLE 0x00008000 #define IORESOURCE_RANGELENGTH 0x00010000 #define IORESOURCE_SHADOWABLE 0x00020000 #define IORESOURCE_SIZEALIGN 0x00040000 /* size indicates alignment */ #define IORESOURCE_STARTALIGN 0x00080000 /* start field is alignment */ #define IORESOURCE_MEM_64 0x00100000 #define IORESOURCE_WINDOW 0x00200000 /* forwarded by bridge */ #define IORESOURCE_MUXED 0x00400000 /* Resource is software muxed */ #define IORESOURCE_EXT_TYPE_BITS 0x01000000 /* Resource extended types */ #define IORESOURCE_SYSRAM 0x01000000 /* System RAM (modifier) */ /* IORESOURCE_SYSRAM specific bits. */ #define IORESOURCE_SYSRAM_DRIVER_MANAGED 0x02000000 /* Always detected via a driver. */ #define IORESOURCE_SYSRAM_MERGEABLE 0x04000000 /* Resource can be merged. */ #define IORESOURCE_EXCLUSIVE 0x08000000 /* Userland may not map this resource */ #define IORESOURCE_DISABLED 0x10000000 #define IORESOURCE_UNSET 0x20000000 /* No address assigned yet */ #define IORESOURCE_AUTO 0x40000000 #define IORESOURCE_BUSY 0x80000000 /* Driver has marked this resource busy */ /* I/O resource extended types */ #define IORESOURCE_SYSTEM_RAM (IORESOURCE_MEM|IORESOURCE_SYSRAM) /* PnP IRQ specific bits (IORESOURCE_BITS) */ #define IORESOURCE_IRQ_HIGHEDGE (1<<0) #define IORESOURCE_IRQ_LOWEDGE (1<<1) #define IORESOURCE_IRQ_HIGHLEVEL (1<<2) #define IORESOURCE_IRQ_LOWLEVEL (1<<3) #define IORESOURCE_IRQ_SHAREABLE (1<<4) #define IORESOURCE_IRQ_OPTIONAL (1<<5) /* PnP DMA specific bits (IORESOURCE_BITS) */ #define IORESOURCE_DMA_TYPE_MASK (3<<0) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_8BIT (0<<0) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_8AND16BIT (1<<0) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_16BIT (2<<0) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_MASTER (1<<2) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_BYTE (1<<3) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_WORD (1<<4) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_SPEED_MASK (3<<6) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_COMPATIBLE (0<<6) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_TYPEA (1<<6) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_TYPEB (2<<6) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_TYPEF (3<<6) /* PnP memory I/O specific bits (IORESOURCE_BITS) */ #define IORESOURCE_MEM_WRITEABLE (1<<0) /* dup: IORESOURCE_READONLY */ #define IORESOURCE_MEM_CACHEABLE (1<<1) /* dup: IORESOURCE_CACHEABLE */ #define IORESOURCE_MEM_RANGELENGTH (1<<2) /* dup: IORESOURCE_RANGELENGTH */ #define IORESOURCE_MEM_TYPE_MASK (3<<3) #define IORESOURCE_MEM_8BIT (0<<3) #define IORESOURCE_MEM_16BIT (1<<3) #define IORESOURCE_MEM_8AND16BIT (2<<3) #define IORESOURCE_MEM_32BIT (3<<3) #define IORESOURCE_MEM_SHADOWABLE (1<<5) /* dup: IORESOURCE_SHADOWABLE */ #define IORESOURCE_MEM_EXPANSIONROM (1<<6) /* PnP I/O specific bits (IORESOURCE_BITS) */ #define IORESOURCE_IO_16BIT_ADDR (1<<0) #define IORESOURCE_IO_FIXED (1<<1) #define IORESOURCE_IO_SPARSE (1<<2) /* PCI ROM control bits (IORESOURCE_BITS) */ #define IORESOURCE_ROM_ENABLE (1<<0) /* ROM is enabled, same as PCI_ROM_ADDRESS_ENABLE */ #define IORESOURCE_ROM_SHADOW (1<<1) /* Use RAM image, not ROM BAR */ /* PCI control bits. Shares IORESOURCE_BITS with above PCI ROM. */ #define IORESOURCE_PCI_FIXED (1<<4) /* Do not move resource */ #define IORESOURCE_PCI_EA_BEI (1<<5) /* BAR Equivalent Indicator */ /* * I/O Resource Descriptors * * Descriptors are used by walk_iomem_res_desc() and region_intersects() * for searching a specific resource range in the iomem table. Assign * a new descriptor when a resource range supports the search interfaces. * Otherwise, resource.desc must be set to IORES_DESC_NONE (0). */ enum { IORES_DESC_NONE = 0, IORES_DESC_CRASH_KERNEL = 1, IORES_DESC_ACPI_TABLES = 2, IORES_DESC_ACPI_NV_STORAGE = 3, IORES_DESC_PERSISTENT_MEMORY = 4, IORES_DESC_PERSISTENT_MEMORY_LEGACY = 5, IORES_DESC_DEVICE_PRIVATE_MEMORY = 6, IORES_DESC_RESERVED = 7, IORES_DESC_SOFT_RESERVED = 8, }; /* * Flags controlling ioremap() behavior. */ enum { IORES_MAP_SYSTEM_RAM = BIT(0), IORES_MAP_ENCRYPTED = BIT(1), }; /* helpers to define resources */ #define DEFINE_RES_NAMED(_start, _size, _name, _flags) \ { \ .start = (_start), \ .end = (_start) + (_size) - 1, \ .name = (_name), \ .flags = (_flags), \ .desc = IORES_DESC_NONE, \ } #define DEFINE_RES_IO_NAMED(_start, _size, _name) \ DEFINE_RES_NAMED((_start), (_size), (_name), IORESOURCE_IO) #define DEFINE_RES_IO(_start, _size) \ DEFINE_RES_IO_NAMED((_start), (_size), NULL) #define DEFINE_RES_MEM_NAMED(_start, _size, _name) \ DEFINE_RES_NAMED((_start), (_size), (_name), IORESOURCE_MEM) #define DEFINE_RES_MEM(_start, _size) \ DEFINE_RES_MEM_NAMED((_start), (_size), NULL) #define DEFINE_RES_IRQ_NAMED(_irq, _name) \ DEFINE_RES_NAMED((_irq), 1, (_name), IORESOURCE_IRQ) #define DEFINE_RES_IRQ(_irq) \ DEFINE_RES_IRQ_NAMED((_irq), NULL) #define DEFINE_RES_DMA_NAMED(_dma, _name) \ DEFINE_RES_NAMED((_dma), 1, (_name), IORESOURCE_DMA) #define DEFINE_RES_DMA(_dma) \ DEFINE_RES_DMA_NAMED((_dma), NULL) /* PC/ISA/whatever - the normal PC address spaces: IO and memory */ extern struct resource ioport_resource; extern struct resource iomem_resource; extern struct resource *request_resource_conflict(struct resource *root, struct resource *new); extern int request_resource(struct resource *root, struct resource *new); extern int release_resource(struct resource *new); void release_child_resources(struct resource *new); extern void reserve_region_with_split(struct resource *root, resource_size_t start, resource_size_t end, const char *name); extern struct resource *insert_resource_conflict(struct resource *parent, struct resource *new); extern int insert_resource(struct resource *parent, struct resource *new); extern void insert_resource_expand_to_fit(struct resource *root, struct resource *new); extern int remove_resource(struct resource *old); extern void arch_remove_reservations(struct resource *avail); extern int allocate_resource(struct resource *root, struct resource *new, resource_size_t size, resource_size_t min, resource_size_t max, resource_size_t align, resource_size_t (*alignf)(void *, const struct resource *, resource_size_t, resource_size_t), void *alignf_data); struct resource *lookup_resource(struct resource *root, resource_size_t start); int adjust_resource(struct resource *res, resource_size_t start, resource_size_t size); resource_size_t resource_alignment(struct resource *res); static inline resource_size_t resource_size(const struct resource *res) { return res->end - res->start + 1; } static inline unsigned long resource_type(const struct resource *res) { return res->flags & IORESOURCE_TYPE_BITS; } static inline unsigned long resource_ext_type(const struct resource *res) { return res->flags & IORESOURCE_EXT_TYPE_BITS; } /* True iff r1 completely contains r2 */ static inline bool resource_contains(struct resource *r1, struct resource *r2) { if (resource_type(r1) != resource_type(r2)) return false; if (r1->flags & IORESOURCE_UNSET || r2->flags & IORESOURCE_UNSET) return false; return r1->start <= r2->start && r1->end >= r2->end; } /* Convenience shorthand with allocation */ #define request_region(start,n,name) __request_region(&ioport_resource, (start), (n), (name), 0) #define request_muxed_region(start,n,name) __request_region(&ioport_resource, (start), (n), (name), IORESOURCE_MUXED) #define __request_mem_region(start,n,name, excl) __request_region(&iomem_resource, (start), (n), (name), excl) #define request_mem_region(start,n,name) __request_region(&iomem_resource, (start), (n), (name), 0) #define request_mem_region_exclusive(start,n,name) \ __request_region(&iomem_resource, (start), (n), (name), IORESOURCE_EXCLUSIVE) #define rename_region(region, newname) do { (region)->name = (newname); } while (0) extern struct resource * __request_region(struct resource *, resource_size_t start, resource_size_t n, const char *name, int flags); /* Compatibility cruft */ #define release_region(start,n) __release_region(&ioport_resource, (start), (n)) #define release_mem_region(start,n) __release_region(&iomem_resource, (start), (n)) extern void __release_region(struct resource *, resource_size_t, resource_size_t); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE extern void release_mem_region_adjustable(resource_size_t, resource_size_t); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG extern void merge_system_ram_resource(struct resource *res); #endif /* Wrappers for managed devices */ struct device; extern int devm_request_resource(struct device *dev, struct resource *root, struct resource *new); extern void devm_release_resource(struct device *dev, struct resource *new); #define devm_request_region(dev,start,n,name) \ __devm_request_region(dev, &ioport_resource, (start), (n), (name)) #define devm_request_mem_region(dev,start,n,name) \ __devm_request_region(dev, &iomem_resource, (start), (n), (name)) extern struct resource * __devm_request_region(struct device *dev, struct resource *parent, resource_size_t start, resource_size_t n, const char *name); #define devm_release_region(dev, start, n) \ __devm_release_region(dev, &ioport_resource, (start), (n)) #define devm_release_mem_region(dev, start, n) \ __devm_release_region(dev, &iomem_resource, (start), (n)) extern void __devm_release_region(struct device *dev, struct resource *parent, resource_size_t start, resource_size_t n); extern int iomem_map_sanity_check(resource_size_t addr, unsigned long size); extern bool iomem_is_exclusive(u64 addr); extern int walk_system_ram_range(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long nr_pages, void *arg, int (*func)(unsigned long, unsigned long, void *)); extern int walk_mem_res(u64 start, u64 end, void *arg, int (*func)(struct resource *, void *)); extern int walk_system_ram_res(u64 start, u64 end, void *arg, int (*func)(struct resource *, void *)); extern int walk_iomem_res_desc(unsigned long desc, unsigned long flags, u64 start, u64 end, void *arg, int (*func)(struct resource *, void *)); /* True if any part of r1 overlaps r2 */ static inline bool resource_overlaps(struct resource *r1, struct resource *r2) { return (r1->start <= r2->end && r1->end >= r2->start); } struct resource *devm_request_free_mem_region(struct device *dev, struct resource *base, unsigned long size); struct resource *request_free_mem_region(struct resource *base, unsigned long size, const char *name); #ifdef CONFIG_IO_STRICT_DEVMEM void revoke_devmem(struct resource *res); #else static inline void revoke_devmem(struct resource *res) { }; #endif #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _LINUX_IOPORT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_VIRTIO_NET_H #define _LINUX_VIRTIO_NET_H #include <linux/if_vlan.h> #include <uapi/linux/tcp.h> #include <uapi/linux/udp.h> #include <uapi/linux/virtio_net.h> static inline bool virtio_net_hdr_match_proto(__be16 protocol, __u8 gso_type) { switch (gso_type & ~VIRTIO_NET_HDR_GSO_ECN) { case VIRTIO_NET_HDR_GSO_TCPV4: return protocol == cpu_to_be16(ETH_P_IP); case VIRTIO_NET_HDR_GSO_TCPV6: return protocol == cpu_to_be16(ETH_P_IPV6); case VIRTIO_NET_HDR_GSO_UDP: return protocol == cpu_to_be16(ETH_P_IP) || protocol == cpu_to_be16(ETH_P_IPV6); default: return false; } } static inline int virtio_net_hdr_set_proto(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct virtio_net_hdr *hdr) { if (skb->protocol) return 0; switch (hdr->gso_type & ~VIRTIO_NET_HDR_GSO_ECN) { case VIRTIO_NET_HDR_GSO_TCPV4: case VIRTIO_NET_HDR_GSO_UDP: skb->protocol = cpu_to_be16(ETH_P_IP); break; case VIRTIO_NET_HDR_GSO_TCPV6: skb->protocol = cpu_to_be16(ETH_P_IPV6); break; default: return -EINVAL; } return 0; } static inline int virtio_net_hdr_to_skb(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct virtio_net_hdr *hdr, bool little_endian) { unsigned int gso_type = 0; unsigned int thlen = 0; unsigned int p_off = 0; unsigned int ip_proto; if (hdr->gso_type != VIRTIO_NET_HDR_GSO_NONE) { switch (hdr->gso_type & ~VIRTIO_NET_HDR_GSO_ECN) { case VIRTIO_NET_HDR_GSO_TCPV4: gso_type = SKB_GSO_TCPV4; ip_proto = IPPROTO_TCP; thlen = sizeof(struct tcphdr); break; case VIRTIO_NET_HDR_GSO_TCPV6: gso_type = SKB_GSO_TCPV6; ip_proto = IPPROTO_TCP; thlen = sizeof(struct tcphdr); break; case VIRTIO_NET_HDR_GSO_UDP: gso_type = SKB_GSO_UDP; ip_proto = IPPROTO_UDP; thlen = sizeof(struct udphdr); break; default: return -EINVAL; } if (hdr->gso_type & VIRTIO_NET_HDR_GSO_ECN) gso_type |= SKB_GSO_TCP_ECN; if (hdr->gso_size == 0) return -EINVAL; } skb_reset_mac_header(skb); if (hdr->flags & VIRTIO_NET_HDR_F_NEEDS_CSUM) { u32 start = __virtio16_to_cpu(little_endian, hdr->csum_start); u32 off = __virtio16_to_cpu(little_endian, hdr->csum_offset); u32 needed = start + max_t(u32, thlen, off + sizeof(__sum16)); if (!pskb_may_pull(skb, needed)) return -EINVAL; if (!skb_partial_csum_set(skb, start, off)) return -EINVAL; p_off = skb_transport_offset(skb) + thlen; if (!pskb_may_pull(skb, p_off)) return -EINVAL; } else { /* gso packets without NEEDS_CSUM do not set transport_offset. * probe and drop if does not match one of the above types. */ if (gso_type && skb->network_header) { struct flow_keys_basic keys; if (!skb->protocol) { __be16 protocol = dev_parse_header_protocol(skb); if (!protocol) virtio_net_hdr_set_proto(skb, hdr); else if (!virtio_net_hdr_match_proto(protocol, hdr->gso_type)) return -EINVAL; else skb->protocol = protocol; } retry: if (!skb_flow_dissect_flow_keys_basic(NULL, skb, &keys, NULL, 0, 0, 0, 0)) { /* UFO does not specify ipv4 or 6: try both */ if (gso_type & SKB_GSO_UDP && skb->protocol == htons(ETH_P_IP)) { skb->protocol = htons(ETH_P_IPV6); goto retry; } return -EINVAL; } p_off = keys.control.thoff + thlen; if (!pskb_may_pull(skb, p_off) || keys.basic.ip_proto != ip_proto) return -EINVAL; skb_set_transport_header(skb, keys.control.thoff); } else if (gso_type) { p_off = thlen; if (!pskb_may_pull(skb, p_off)) return -EINVAL; } } if (hdr->gso_type != VIRTIO_NET_HDR_GSO_NONE) { u16 gso_size = __virtio16_to_cpu(little_endian, hdr->gso_size); unsigned int nh_off = p_off; struct skb_shared_info *shinfo = skb_shinfo(skb); /* UFO may not include transport header in gso_size. */ if (gso_type & SKB_GSO_UDP) nh_off -= thlen; /* Too small packets are not really GSO ones. */ if (skb->len - nh_off > gso_size) { shinfo->gso_size = gso_size; shinfo->gso_type = gso_type; /* Header must be checked, and gso_segs computed. */ shinfo->gso_type |= SKB_GSO_DODGY; shinfo->gso_segs = 0; } } return 0; } static inline int virtio_net_hdr_from_skb(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct virtio_net_hdr *hdr, bool little_endian, bool has_data_valid, int vlan_hlen) { memset(hdr, 0, sizeof(*hdr)); /* no info leak */ if (skb_is_gso(skb)) { struct skb_shared_info *sinfo = skb_shinfo(skb); /* This is a hint as to how much should be linear. */ hdr->hdr_len = __cpu_to_virtio16(little_endian, skb_headlen(skb)); hdr->gso_size = __cpu_to_virtio16(little_endian, sinfo->gso_size); if (sinfo->gso_type & SKB_GSO_TCPV4) hdr->gso_type = VIRTIO_NET_HDR_GSO_TCPV4; else if (sinfo->gso_type & SKB_GSO_TCPV6) hdr->gso_type = VIRTIO_NET_HDR_GSO_TCPV6; else return -EINVAL; if (sinfo->gso_type & SKB_GSO_TCP_ECN) hdr->gso_type |= VIRTIO_NET_HDR_GSO_ECN; } else hdr->gso_type = VIRTIO_NET_HDR_GSO_NONE; if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_PARTIAL) { hdr->flags = VIRTIO_NET_HDR_F_NEEDS_CSUM; hdr->csum_start = __cpu_to_virtio16(little_endian, skb_checksum_start_offset(skb) + vlan_hlen); hdr->csum_offset = __cpu_to_virtio16(little_endian, skb->csum_offset); } else if (has_data_valid && skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY) { hdr->flags = VIRTIO_NET_HDR_F_DATA_VALID; } /* else everything is zero */ return 0; } #endif /* _LINUX_VIRTIO_NET_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_PATH_H #define _LINUX_PATH_H struct dentry; struct vfsmount; struct path { struct vfsmount *mnt; struct dentry *dentry; } __randomize_layout; extern void path_get(const struct path *); extern void path_put(const struct path *); static inline int path_equal(const struct path *path1, const struct path *path2) { return path1->mnt == path2->mnt && path1->dentry == path2->dentry; } static inline void path_put_init(struct path *path) { path_put(path); *path = (struct path) { }; } #endif /* _LINUX_PATH_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_COOKIE_H #define __LINUX_COOKIE_H #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <asm/local.h> struct pcpu_gen_cookie { local_t nesting; u64 last; } __aligned(16); struct gen_cookie { struct pcpu_gen_cookie __percpu *local; atomic64_t forward_last ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; atomic64_t reverse_last; }; #define COOKIE_LOCAL_BATCH 4096 #define DEFINE_COOKIE(name) \ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct pcpu_gen_cookie, __##name); \ static struct gen_cookie name = { \ .local = &__##name, \ .forward_last = ATOMIC64_INIT(0), \ .reverse_last = ATOMIC64_INIT(0), \ } static __always_inline u64 gen_cookie_next(struct gen_cookie *gc) { struct pcpu_gen_cookie *local = this_cpu_ptr(gc->local); u64 val; if (likely(local_inc_return(&local->nesting) == 1)) { val = local->last; if (__is_defined(CONFIG_SMP) && unlikely((val & (COOKIE_LOCAL_BATCH - 1)) == 0)) { s64 next = atomic64_add_return(COOKIE_LOCAL_BATCH, &gc->forward_last); val = next - COOKIE_LOCAL_BATCH; } local->last = ++val; } else { val = atomic64_dec_return(&gc->reverse_last); } local_dec(&local->nesting); return val; } #endif /* __LINUX_COOKIE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * An extensible bitmap is a bitmap that supports an * arbitrary number of bits. Extensible bitmaps are * used to represent sets of values, such as types, * roles, categories, and classes. * * Each extensible bitmap is implemented as a linked * list of bitmap nodes, where each bitmap node has * an explicitly specified starting bit position within * the total bitmap. * * Author : Stephen Smalley, <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> */ #ifndef _SS_EBITMAP_H_ #define _SS_EBITMAP_H_ #include <net/netlabel.h> #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT #define EBITMAP_NODE_SIZE 64 #else #define EBITMAP_NODE_SIZE 32 #endif #define EBITMAP_UNIT_NUMS ((EBITMAP_NODE_SIZE-sizeof(void *)-sizeof(u32))\ / sizeof(unsigned long)) #define EBITMAP_UNIT_SIZE BITS_PER_LONG #define EBITMAP_SIZE (EBITMAP_UNIT_NUMS * EBITMAP_UNIT_SIZE) #define EBITMAP_BIT 1ULL #define EBITMAP_SHIFT_UNIT_SIZE(x) \ (((x) >> EBITMAP_UNIT_SIZE / 2) >> EBITMAP_UNIT_SIZE / 2) struct ebitmap_node { struct ebitmap_node *next; unsigned long maps[EBITMAP_UNIT_NUMS]; u32 startbit; }; struct ebitmap { struct ebitmap_node *node; /* first node in the bitmap */ u32 highbit; /* highest position in the total bitmap */ }; #define ebitmap_length(e) ((e)->highbit) static inline unsigned int ebitmap_start_positive(struct ebitmap *e, struct ebitmap_node **n) { unsigned int ofs; for (*n = e->node; *n; *n = (*n)->next) { ofs = find_first_bit((*n)->maps, EBITMAP_SIZE); if (ofs < EBITMAP_SIZE) return (*n)->startbit + ofs; } return ebitmap_length(e); } static inline void ebitmap_init(struct ebitmap *e) { memset(e, 0, sizeof(*e)); } static inline unsigned int ebitmap_next_positive(struct ebitmap *e, struct ebitmap_node **n, unsigned int bit) { unsigned int ofs; ofs = find_next_bit((*n)->maps, EBITMAP_SIZE, bit - (*n)->startbit + 1); if (ofs < EBITMAP_SIZE) return ofs + (*n)->startbit; for (*n = (*n)->next; *n; *n = (*n)->next) { ofs = find_first_bit((*n)->maps, EBITMAP_SIZE); if (ofs < EBITMAP_SIZE) return ofs + (*n)->startbit; } return ebitmap_length(e); } #define EBITMAP_NODE_INDEX(node, bit) \ (((bit) - (node)->startbit) / EBITMAP_UNIT_SIZE) #define EBITMAP_NODE_OFFSET(node, bit) \ (((bit) - (node)->startbit) % EBITMAP_UNIT_SIZE) static inline int ebitmap_node_get_bit(struct ebitmap_node *n, unsigned int bit) { unsigned int index = EBITMAP_NODE_INDEX(n, bit); unsigned int ofs = EBITMAP_NODE_OFFSET(n, bit); BUG_ON(index >= EBITMAP_UNIT_NUMS); if ((n->maps[index] & (EBITMAP_BIT << ofs))) return 1; return 0; } static inline void ebitmap_node_set_bit(struct ebitmap_node *n, unsigned int bit) { unsigned int index = EBITMAP_NODE_INDEX(n, bit); unsigned int ofs = EBITMAP_NODE_OFFSET(n, bit); BUG_ON(index >= EBITMAP_UNIT_NUMS); n->maps[index] |= (EBITMAP_BIT << ofs); } static inline void ebitmap_node_clr_bit(struct ebitmap_node *n, unsigned int bit) { unsigned int index = EBITMAP_NODE_INDEX(n, bit); unsigned int ofs = EBITMAP_NODE_OFFSET(n, bit); BUG_ON(index >= EBITMAP_UNIT_NUMS); n->maps[index] &= ~(EBITMAP_BIT << ofs); } #define ebitmap_for_each_positive_bit(e, n, bit) \ for (bit = ebitmap_start_positive(e, &n); \ bit < ebitmap_length(e); \ bit = ebitmap_next_positive(e, &n, bit)) \ int ebitmap_cmp(struct ebitmap *e1, struct ebitmap *e2); int ebitmap_cpy(struct ebitmap *dst, struct ebitmap *src); int ebitmap_and(struct ebitmap *dst, struct ebitmap *e1, struct ebitmap *e2); int ebitmap_contains(struct ebitmap *e1, struct ebitmap *e2, u32 last_e2bit); int ebitmap_get_bit(struct ebitmap *e, unsigned long bit); int ebitmap_set_bit(struct ebitmap *e, unsigned long bit, int value); void ebitmap_destroy(struct ebitmap *e); int ebitmap_read(struct ebitmap *e, void *fp); int ebitmap_write(struct ebitmap *e, void *fp); u32 ebitmap_hash(const struct ebitmap *e, u32 hash); #ifdef CONFIG_NETLABEL int ebitmap_netlbl_export(struct ebitmap *ebmap, struct netlbl_lsm_catmap **catmap); int ebitmap_netlbl_import(struct ebitmap *ebmap, struct netlbl_lsm_catmap *catmap); #else static inline int ebitmap_netlbl_export(struct ebitmap *ebmap, struct netlbl_lsm_catmap **catmap) { return -ENOMEM; } static inline int ebitmap_netlbl_import(struct ebitmap *ebmap, struct netlbl_lsm_catmap *catmap) { return -ENOMEM; } #endif #endif /* _SS_EBITMAP_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_UACCESS_64_H #define _ASM_X86_UACCESS_64_H /* * User space memory access functions */ #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <linux/kasan-checks.h> #include <asm/alternative.h> #include <asm/cpufeatures.h> #include <asm/page.h> /* * Copy To/From Userspace */ /* Handles exceptions in both to and from, but doesn't do access_ok */ __must_check unsigned long copy_user_enhanced_fast_string(void *to, const void *from, unsigned len); __must_check unsigned long copy_user_generic_string(void *to, const void *from, unsigned len); __must_check unsigned long copy_user_generic_unrolled(void *to, const void *from, unsigned len); static __always_inline __must_check unsigned long copy_user_generic(void *to, const void *from, unsigned len) { unsigned ret; /* * If CPU has ERMS feature, use copy_user_enhanced_fast_string. * Otherwise, if CPU has rep_good feature, use copy_user_generic_string. * Otherwise, use copy_user_generic_unrolled. */ alternative_call_2(copy_user_generic_unrolled, copy_user_generic_string, X86_FEATURE_REP_GOOD, copy_user_enhanced_fast_string, X86_FEATURE_ERMS, ASM_OUTPUT2("=a" (ret), "=D" (to), "=S" (from), "=d" (len)), "1" (to), "2" (from), "3" (len) : "memory", "rcx", "r8", "r9", "r10", "r11"); return ret; } static __always_inline __must_check unsigned long raw_copy_from_user(void *dst, const void __user *src, unsigned long size) { return copy_user_generic(dst, (__force void *)src, size); } static __always_inline __must_check unsigned long raw_copy_to_user(void __user *dst, const void *src, unsigned long size) { return copy_user_generic((__force void *)dst, src, size); } static __always_inline __must_check unsigned long raw_copy_in_user(void __user *dst, const void __user *src, unsigned long size) { return copy_user_generic((__force void *)dst, (__force void *)src, size); } extern long __copy_user_nocache(void *dst, const void __user *src, unsigned size, int zerorest); extern long __copy_user_flushcache(void *dst, const void __user *src, unsigned size); extern void memcpy_page_flushcache(char *to, struct page *page, size_t offset, size_t len); static inline int __copy_from_user_inatomic_nocache(void *dst, const void __user *src, unsigned size) { kasan_check_write(dst, size); return __copy_user_nocache(dst, src, size, 0); } static inline int __copy_from_user_flushcache(void *dst, const void __user *src, unsigned size) { kasan_check_write(dst, size); return __copy_user_flushcache(dst, src, size); } #endif /* _ASM_X86_UACCESS_64_H */
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_WORD_AT_A_TIME_H #define _ASM_WORD_AT_A_TIME_H #include <linux/kernel.h> /* * This is largely generic for little-endian machines, but the * optimal byte mask counting is probably going to be something * that is architecture-specific. If you have a reliably fast * bit count instruction, that might be better than the multiply * and shift, for example. */ struct word_at_a_time { const unsigned long one_bits, high_bits; }; #define WORD_AT_A_TIME_CONSTANTS { REPEAT_BYTE(0x01), REPEAT_BYTE(0x80) } #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT /* * Jan Achrenius on G+: microoptimized version of * the simpler "(mask & ONEBYTES) * ONEBYTES >> 56" * that works for the bytemasks without having to * mask them first. */ static inline long count_masked_bytes(unsigned long mask) { return mask*0x0001020304050608ul >> 56; } #else /* 32-bit case */ /* Carl Chatfield / Jan Achrenius G+ version for 32-bit */ static inline long count_masked_bytes(long mask) { /* (000000 0000ff 00ffff ffffff) -> ( 1 1 2 3 ) */ long a = (0x0ff0001+mask) >> 23; /* Fix the 1 for 00 case */ return a & mask; } #endif /* Return nonzero if it has a zero */ static inline unsigned long has_zero(unsigned long a, unsigned long *bits, const struct word_at_a_time *c) { unsigned long mask = ((a - c->one_bits) & ~a) & c->high_bits; *bits = mask; return mask; } static inline unsigned long prep_zero_mask(unsigned long a, unsigned long bits, const struct word_at_a_time *c) { return bits; } static inline unsigned long create_zero_mask(unsigned long bits) { bits = (bits - 1) & ~bits; return bits >> 7; } /* The mask we created is directly usable as a bytemask */ #define zero_bytemask(mask) (mask) static inline unsigned long find_zero(unsigned long mask) { return count_masked_bytes(mask); } /* * Load an unaligned word from kernel space. * * In the (very unlikely) case of the word being a page-crosser * and the next page not being mapped, take the exception and * return zeroes in the non-existing part. */ static inline unsigned long load_unaligned_zeropad(const void *addr) { unsigned long ret, dummy; asm( "1:\tmov %2,%0\n" "2:\n" ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" "3:\t" "lea %2,%1\n\t" "and %3,%1\n\t" "mov (%1),%0\n\t" "leal %2,%%ecx\n\t" "andl %4,%%ecx\n\t" "shll $3,%%ecx\n\t" "shr %%cl,%0\n\t" "jmp 2b\n" ".previous\n" _ASM_EXTABLE(1b, 3b) :"=&r" (ret),"=&c" (dummy) :"m" (*(unsigned long *)addr), "i" (-sizeof(unsigned long)), "i" (sizeof(unsigned long)-1)); return ret; } #endif /* _ASM_WORD_AT_A_TIME_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_RTNETLINK_H #define __LINUX_RTNETLINK_H #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <uapi/linux/rtnetlink.h> extern int rtnetlink_send(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net *net, u32 pid, u32 group, int echo); extern int rtnl_unicast(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net *net, u32 pid); extern void rtnl_notify(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net *net, u32 pid, u32 group, struct nlmsghdr *nlh, gfp_t flags); extern void rtnl_set_sk_err(struct net *net, u32 group, int error); extern int rtnetlink_put_metrics(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 *metrics); extern int rtnl_put_cacheinfo(struct sk_buff *skb, struct dst_entry *dst, u32 id, long expires, u32 error); void rtmsg_ifinfo(int type, struct net_device *dev, unsigned change, gfp_t flags); void rtmsg_ifinfo_newnet(int type, struct net_device *dev, unsigned int change, gfp_t flags, int *new_nsid, int new_ifindex); struct sk_buff *rtmsg_ifinfo_build_skb(int type, struct net_device *dev, unsigned change, u32 event, gfp_t flags, int *new_nsid, int new_ifindex); void rtmsg_ifinfo_send(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, gfp_t flags); /* RTNL is used as a global lock for all changes to network configuration */ extern void rtnl_lock(void); extern void rtnl_unlock(void); extern int rtnl_trylock(void); extern int rtnl_is_locked(void); extern int rtnl_lock_killable(void); extern bool refcount_dec_and_rtnl_lock(refcount_t *r); extern wait_queue_head_t netdev_unregistering_wq; extern struct rw_semaphore pernet_ops_rwsem; extern struct rw_semaphore net_rwsem; #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING extern bool lockdep_rtnl_is_held(void); #else static inline bool lockdep_rtnl_is_held(void) { return true; } #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING */ /** * rcu_dereference_rtnl - rcu_dereference with debug checking * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * * Do an rcu_dereference(p), but check caller either holds rcu_read_lock() * or RTNL. Note : Please prefer rtnl_dereference() or rcu_dereference() */ #define rcu_dereference_rtnl(p) \ rcu_dereference_check(p, lockdep_rtnl_is_held()) /** * rcu_dereference_bh_rtnl - rcu_dereference_bh with debug checking * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereference * * Do an rcu_dereference_bh(p), but check caller either holds rcu_read_lock_bh() * or RTNL. Note : Please prefer rtnl_dereference() or rcu_dereference_bh() */ #define rcu_dereference_bh_rtnl(p) \ rcu_dereference_bh_check(p, lockdep_rtnl_is_held()) /** * rtnl_dereference - fetch RCU pointer when updates are prevented by RTNL * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * * Return the value of the specified RCU-protected pointer, but omit * the READ_ONCE(), because caller holds RTNL. */ #define rtnl_dereference(p) \ rcu_dereference_protected(p, lockdep_rtnl_is_held()) static inline struct netdev_queue *dev_ingress_queue(struct net_device *dev) { return rtnl_dereference(dev->ingress_queue); } static inline struct netdev_queue *dev_ingress_queue_rcu(struct net_device *dev) { return rcu_dereference(dev->ingress_queue); } struct netdev_queue *dev_ingress_queue_create(struct net_device *dev); #ifdef CONFIG_NET_INGRESS void net_inc_ingress_queue(void); void net_dec_ingress_queue(void); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NET_EGRESS void net_inc_egress_queue(void); void net_dec_egress_queue(void); #endif void rtnetlink_init(void); void __rtnl_unlock(void); void rtnl_kfree_skbs(struct sk_buff *head, struct sk_buff *tail); #define ASSERT_RTNL() \ WARN_ONCE(!rtnl_is_locked(), \ "RTNL: assertion failed at %s (%d)\n", __FILE__, __LINE__) extern int ndo_dflt_fdb_dump(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb, struct net_device *dev, struct net_device *filter_dev, int *idx); extern int ndo_dflt_fdb_add(struct ndmsg *ndm, struct nlattr *tb[], struct net_device *dev, const unsigned char *addr, u16 vid, u16 flags); extern int ndo_dflt_fdb_del(struct ndmsg *ndm, struct nlattr *tb[], struct net_device *dev, const unsigned char *addr, u16 vid); extern int ndo_dflt_bridge_getlink(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 pid, u32 seq, struct net_device *dev, u16 mode, u32 flags, u32 mask, int nlflags, u32 filter_mask, int (*vlan_fill)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, u32 filter_mask)); #endif /* __LINUX_RTNETLINK_H */
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949 950 951 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960 961 962 963 964 965 966 967 968 969 970 971 972 973 974 975 976 977 978 979 980 981 982 983 984 985 986 987 988 989 990 991 992 993 994 995 996 997 998 999 1000 1001 1002 1003 1004 1005 1006 1007 1008 1009 1010 1011 1012 1013 1014 1015 1016 1017 1018 1019 1020 1021 1022 1023 1024 1025 1026 1027 1028 1029 1030 1031 1032 1033 1034 1035 1036 1037 1038 1039 1040 1041 1042 1043 1044 1045 1046 1047 1048 1049 1050 1051 1052 1053 1054 1055 1056 1057 1058 1059 1060 1061 1062 1063 1064 1065 1066 1067 1068 1069 1070 1071 1072 1073 1074 1075 1076 1077 1078 1079 1080 1081 1082 1083 1084 1085 1086 1087 1088 1089 1090 1091 1092 1093 1094 1095 1096 1097 1098 1099 1100 1101 1102 1103 1104 1105 1106 1107 1108 1109 1110 1111 1112 1113 1114 1115 1116 1117 1118 1119 1120 1121 1122 1123 1124 1125 1126 1127 1128 1129 1130 1131 1132 1133 1134 1135 1136 1137 1138 1139 1140 1141 1142 1143 1144 1145 1146 1147 1148 1149 1150 1151 1152 1153 1154 1155 1156 1157 1158 1159 1160 1161 1162 1163 1164 1165 1166 1167 1168 1169 1170 1171 1172 1173 1174 1175 1176 1177 1178 1179 1180 1181 1182 1183 1184 1185 1186 1187 1188 1189 1190 1191 1192 1193 1194 1195 1196 1197 1198 1199 1200 1201 1202 1203 1204 1205 1206 1207 1208 1209 1210 1211 1212 1213 1214 1215 1216 1217 1218 1219 1220 1221 1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 1242 1243 1244 1245 1246 1247 1248 1249 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 1260 1261 1262 1263 1264 1265 1266 1267 1268 1269 1270 1271 1272 1273 1274 1275 1276 1277 1278 1279 1280 1281 1282 1283 1284 1285 1286 1287 1288 1289 1290 1291 1292 1293 1294 1295 1296 1297 1298 1299 1300 1301 1302 1303 1304 1305 1306 1307 1308 1309 1310 1311 1312 1313 1314 1315 1316 1317 1318 1319 1320 1321 1322 1323 1324 1325 1326 1327 1328 1329 1330 1331 1332 1333 1334 1335 1336 1337 1338 1339 1340 1341 1342 1343 1344 1345 1346 1347 1348 1349 1350 1351 1352 1353 1354 1355 1356 1357 1358 1359 1360 1361 1362 1363 1364 1365 1366 1367 1368 1369 1370 1371 1372 1373 1374 1375 1376 1377 1378 1379 1380 1381 1382 1383 1384 1385 1386 1387 1388 1389 1390 1391 1392 1393 1394 1395 1396 1397 1398 1399 1400 1401 1402 1403 1404 1405 1406 1407 1408 1409 1410 1411 1412 1413 1414 1415 1416 1417 1418 1419 1420 1421 1422 1423 1424 1425 1426 1427 1428 1429 1430 1431 1432 1433 1434 1435 1436 1437 1438 1439 1440 1441 1442 1443 1444 1445 1446 1447 1448 1449 1450 1451 1452 1453 1454 1455 1456 1457 1458 1459 1460 1461 1462 1463 1464 1465 1466 1467 1468 1469 1470 1471 1472 1473 1474 1475 1476 1477 1478 1479 1480 1481 1482 1483 1484 1485 1486 1487 1488 1489 1490 1491 1492 1493 1494 1495 1496 1497 1498 1499 1500 1501 1502 1503 1504 1505 1506 1507 1508 1509 1510 1511 1512 1513 1514 1515 1516 1517 1518 1519 1520 1521 1522 1523 1524 1525 1526 1527 1528 1529 1530 1531 1532 1533 1534 1535 1536 1537 1538 1539 1540 1541 1542 1543 1544 1545 1546 1547 1548 1549 1550 1551 1552 1553 1554 1555 1556 1557 1558 1559 1560 1561 1562 1563 1564 1565 1566 1567 1568 1569 1570 1571 1572 1573 1574 1575 1576 1577 1578 1579 1580 1581 1582 1583 1584 1585 1586 1587 1588 1589 1590 1591 1592 1593 1594 1595 1596 1597 1598 1599 1600 1601 1602 1603 1604 1605 1606 1607 1608 1609 1610 1611 1612 1613 1614 1615 1616 1617 1618 1619 1620 1621 1622 1623 1624 1625 1626 1627 1628 1629 1630 1631 1632 1633 1634 1635 1636 1637 1638 1639 1640 1641 1642 1643 1644 1645 1646 1647 1648 1649 1650 1651 1652 1653 1654 1655 1656 1657 1658 1659 1660 1661 1662 1663 1664 1665 1666 1667 1668 1669 1670 1671 1672 1673 1674 1675 1676 1677 1678 1679 1680 1681 1682 1683 1684 1685 1686 1687 1688 1689 1690 1691 1692 1693 1694 1695 1696 1697 1698 1699 1700 1701 1702 1703 1704 1705 1706 1707 1708 1709 1710 1711 1712 1713 1714 1715 1716 1717 1718 1719 1720 1721 1722 1723 1724 1725 1726 1727 1728 1729 1730 1731 1732 1733 1734 1735 1736 1737 1738 1739 1740 1741 1742 1743 1744 1745 1746 1747 1748 1749 1750 1751 1752 1753 1754 1755 1756 1757 1758 1759 1760 1761 1762 1763 1764 1765 1766 1767 1768 1769 1770 1771 1772 1773 1774 1775 1776 1777 1778 1779 1780 1781 1782 1783 1784 1785 1786 1787 1788 1789 1790 1791 1792 1793 1794 1795 1796 1797 1798 1799 1800 1801 1802 1803 1804 1805 1806 1807 1808 1809 1810 1811 1812 1813 1814 1815 1816 1817 1818 1819 1820 1821 1822 1823 1824 1825 1826 1827 1828 1829 1830 1831 1832 1833 1834 1835 1836 1837 1838 1839 1840 1841 1842 1843 1844 1845 1846 1847 1848 1849 1850 1851 1852 1853 1854 1855 1856 1857 1858 1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880 1881 1882 1883 1884 1885 1886 1887 1888 1889 1890 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899 1900 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036 2037 2038 2039 2040 2041 2042 2043 2044 2045 2046 2047 2048 2049 2050 2051 2052 2053 2054 2055 2056 2057 2058 2059 2060 2061 2062 2063 2064 2065 2066 2067 2068 2069 2070 2071 2072 2073 2074 2075 2076 2077 2078 2079 2080 2081 2082 2083 2084 2085 2086 2087 2088 2089 2090 2091 2092 2093 2094 2095 2096 2097 2098 2099 2100 2101 2102 2103 2104 2105 2106 2107 2108 2109 2110 2111 2112 2113 2114 2115 2116 2117 2118 2119 2120 2121 2122 2123 2124 2125 2126 2127 2128 2129 2130 2131 2132 2133 2134 2135 2136 2137 2138 2139 2140 2141 2142 2143 2144 2145 2146 2147 2148 2149 2150 2151 2152 2153 2154 2155 2156 2157 2158 2159 2160 2161 2162 2163 2164 2165 2166 2167 2168 2169 2170 2171 2172 2173 2174 2175 2176 2177 2178 2179 2180 2181 2182 2183 2184 2185 2186 2187 2188 2189 2190 2191 2192 2193 2194 2195 2196 2197 2198 2199 2200 2201 2202 2203 2204 2205 2206 2207 2208 2209 2210 2211 2212 2213 2214 2215 2216 2217 2218 2219 2220 2221 2222 2223 2224 2225 2226 2227 2228 2229 2230 2231 2232 2233 2234 2235 2236 2237 2238 2239 2240 2241 2242 2243 2244 2245 2246 2247 2248 2249 2250 2251 2252 2253 2254 2255 2256 2257 2258 2259 2260 2261 2262 2263 2264 2265 2266 2267 2268 2269 2270 2271 2272 2273 2274 2275 2276 2277 2278 2279 2280 2281 2282 2283 2284 2285 2286 2287 2288 2289 2290 2291 2292 2293 2294 2295 2296 2297 2298 2299 2300 2301 2302 2303 2304 2305 2306 2307 2308 2309 2310 2311 2312 2313 2314 2315 2316 2317 2318 2319 2320 2321 2322 2323 2324 2325 2326 2327 2328 2329 2330 2331 2332 2333 2334 2335 2336 2337 2338 2339 2340 2341 2342 2343 2344 2345 2346 2347 2348 2349 2350 2351 2352 2353 2354 2355 2356 2357 2358 2359 2360 2361 2362 2363 2364 2365 2366 2367 2368 2369 2370 2371 2372 2373 2374 2375 2376 2377 2378 2379 2380 2381 2382 2383 2384 2385 2386 2387 2388 2389 2390 2391 2392 2393 2394 2395 2396 2397 2398 2399 2400 2401 2402 2403 2404 2405 2406 2407 2408 2409 2410 2411 2412 2413 2414 2415 2416 2417 2418 2419 2420 2421 2422 2423 2424 2425 2426 2427 2428 2429 2430 2431 2432 2433 2434 2435 2436 2437 2438 2439 2440 2441 2442 2443 2444 2445 2446 2447 2448 2449 2450 2451 2452 2453 2454 2455 2456 2457 2458 2459 2460 2461 2462 2463 2464 2465 2466 2467 2468 2469 2470 2471 2472 2473 2474 2475 2476 2477 2478 2479 2480 2481 2482 2483 2484 2485 2486 2487 2488 2489 2490 2491 2492 2493 2494 2495 2496 2497 2498 2499 2500 2501 2502 2503 2504 2505 2506 2507 2508 2509 2510 2511 2512 2513 2514 2515 2516 2517 2518 2519 2520 2521 2522 2523 2524 2525 2526 2527 2528 2529 2530 2531 2532 2533 2534 2535 2536 2537 2538 2539 2540 2541 2542 2543 2544 2545 2546 2547 2548 2549 2550 2551 2552 2553 2554 2555 2556 2557 2558 2559 2560 2561 2562 2563 2564 2565 2566 2567 2568 2569 2570 2571 2572 2573 2574 2575 2576 2577 2578 2579 2580 2581 2582 2583 2584 2585 2586 2587 2588 2589 2590 2591 2592 2593 2594 2595 2596 2597 2598 2599 2600 2601 2602 2603 2604 2605 2606 2607 2608 2609 2610 2611 2612 2613 2614 2615 2616 2617 2618 2619 2620 2621 2622 2623 2624 2625 2626 2627 2628 2629 2630 2631 2632 2633 2634 2635 2636 2637 2638 2639 2640 2641 2642 2643 2644 2645 2646 2647 2648 2649 2650 2651 2652 2653 2654 2655 2656 2657 2658 2659 2660 2661 2662 2663 2664 2665 2666 2667 2668 2669 2670 2671 2672 2673 2674 2675 2676 2677 2678 2679 2680 2681 2682 2683 2684 2685 2686 2687 2688 2689 2690 2691 2692 2693 2694 2695 2696 2697 2698 2699 2700 2701 2702 2703 2704 2705 2706 2707 2708 2709 2710 2711 2712 2713 2714 2715 2716 2717 2718 2719 2720 2721 2722 2723 2724 2725 2726 2727 2728 2729 2730 2731 2732 2733 2734 2735 2736 2737 2738 2739 2740 2741 2742 2743 2744 2745 2746 2747 2748 2749 2750 2751 2752 2753 2754 2755 2756 2757 2758 2759 2760 2761 2762 2763 2764 2765 2766 2767 2768 2769 2770 2771 2772 2773 2774 2775 2776 2777 2778 2779 2780 2781 2782 2783 2784 2785 2786 2787 2788 2789 2790 2791 2792 2793 2794 2795 2796 2797 2798 2799 2800 2801 2802 2803 2804 2805 2806 2807 2808 2809 2810 2811 2812 2813 2814 2815 2816 2817 2818 2819 2820 2821 2822 2823 2824 2825 2826 2827 2828 2829 2830 2831 2832 2833 2834 2835 2836 2837 2838 2839 2840 2841 2842 2843 2844 2845 2846 2847 2848 2849 2850 2851 2852 2853 2854 2855 2856 2857 2858 2859 2860 2861 2862 2863 2864 2865 2866 2867 2868 2869 2870 2871 2872 2873 2874 2875 2876 2877 2878 2879 2880 2881 2882 2883 2884 2885 2886 2887 2888 2889 2890 2891 2892 2893 2894 2895 2896 2897 2898 2899 2900 2901 2902 2903 2904 2905 2906 2907 2908 2909 2910 2911 2912 2913 2914 2915 2916 2917 2918 2919 2920 2921 2922 2923 2924 2925 2926 2927 2928 2929 2930 2931 2932 2933 2934 2935 2936 2937 2938 2939 2940 2941 2942 2943 2944 2945 2946 2947 2948 2949 2950 2951 2952 2953 2954 2955 2956 2957 2958 2959 2960 2961 2962 2963 2964 2965 2966 2967 2968 2969 2970 2971 2972 2973 2974 2975 2976 2977 2978 2979 2980 2981 2982 2983 2984 2985 2986 2987 2988 2989 2990 2991 2992 2993 2994 2995 2996 2997 2998 2999 3000 3001 3002 3003 3004 3005 3006 3007 3008 3009 3010 3011 3012 3013 3014 3015 3016 3017 3018 3019 3020 3021 3022 3023 3024 3025 3026 3027 3028 3029 3030 3031 3032 3033 3034 3035 3036 3037 3038 3039 3040 3041 3042 3043 3044 3045 3046 3047 3048 3049 3050 3051 3052 3053 3054 3055 3056 3057 3058 3059 3060 3061 3062 3063 3064 3065 3066 3067 3068 3069 3070 3071 3072 3073 3074 3075 3076 3077 3078 3079 3080 3081 3082 3083 3084 3085 3086 3087 3088 3089 3090 3091 3092 3093 3094 3095 3096 3097 3098 3099 3100 3101 3102 3103 3104 3105 3106 3107 3108 3109 3110 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 3120 3121 3122 3123 3124 3125 3126 3127 3128 3129 3130 3131 3132 3133 3134 3135 3136 3137 3138 3139 3140 3141 3142 3143 3144 3145 3146 3147 3148 3149 3150 3151 3152 3153 3154 3155 3156 3157 3158 3159 3160 3161 3162 3163 3164 3165 3166 3167 3168 3169 3170 3171 3172 3173 3174 3175 3176 3177 3178 3179 3180 3181 3182 3183 3184 3185 3186 3187 3188 3189 3190 3191 3192 3193 3194 3195 3196 3197 3198 3199 3200 3201 3202 3203 3204 3205 3206 3207 3208 3209 3210 3211 3212 3213 3214 3215 3216 3217 3218 3219 3220 3221 3222 3223 3224 3225 3226 3227 3228 3229 3230 3231 3232 3233 3234 3235 3236 3237 3238 3239 3240 3241 3242 3243 3244 3245 3246 3247 3248 3249 3250 3251 3252 3253 3254 3255 3256 3257 3258 3259 3260 3261 3262 3263 3264 3265 3266 3267 3268 3269 3270 3271 3272 3273 3274 3275 3276 3277 3278 3279 3280 3281 3282 3283 3284 3285 3286 3287 3288 3289 3290 3291 3292 3293 3294 3295 3296 3297 3298 3299 3300 3301 3302 3303 3304 3305 3306 3307 3308 3309 3310 3311 3312 3313 3314 3315 3316 3317 3318 3319 3320 3321 3322 3323 3324 3325 3326 3327 3328 3329 3330 3331 3332 3333 3334 3335 3336 3337 3338 3339 3340 3341 3342 3343 3344 3345 3346 3347 3348 3349 3350 3351 3352 3353 3354 3355 3356 3357 3358 3359 3360 3361 3362 3363 3364 3365 3366 3367 3368 3369 3370 3371 3372 3373 3374 3375 3376 3377 3378 3379 3380 3381 3382 3383 3384 3385 3386 3387 3388 3389 3390 3391 3392 3393 3394 3395 3396 3397 3398 3399 3400 3401 3402 3403 3404 3405 3406 3407 3408 3409 3410 3411 3412 3413 3414 3415 3416 3417 3418 3419 3420 3421 3422 3423 3424 3425 3426 3427 3428 3429 3430 3431 3432 3433 3434 3435 3436 3437 3438 3439 3440 3441 3442 3443 3444 3445 3446 3447 3448 3449 3450 3451 3452 3453 3454 3455 3456 3457 3458 3459 3460 3461 3462 3463 3464 3465 3466 3467 3468 3469 3470 3471 3472 3473 3474 3475 3476 3477 3478 3479 3480 3481 3482 3483 3484 3485 3486 3487 3488 3489 3490 3491 3492 3493 3494 3495 3496 3497 3498 3499 3500 3501 3502 3503 3504 3505 3506 3507 3508 3509 3510 3511 3512 3513 3514 3515 3516 3517 3518 3519 3520 3521 3522 3523 3524 3525 3526 3527 3528 3529 3530 3531 3532 3533 3534 3535 3536 3537 3538 3539 3540 3541 3542 3543 3544 3545 3546 3547 3548 3549 3550 3551 3552 3553 3554 3555 3556 3557 3558 3559 3560 3561 3562 3563 3564 3565 3566 3567 3568 3569 3570 3571 3572 3573 3574 3575 3576 3577 3578 3579 3580 3581 3582 3583 3584 3585 3586 3587 3588 3589 3590 3591 3592 3593 3594 3595 3596 3597 3598 3599 3600 3601 3602 3603 3604 3605 3606 3607 3608 3609 3610 3611 3612 3613 3614 3615 3616 3617 3618 3619 3620 3621 3622 3623 3624 3625 3626 3627 3628 3629 3630 3631 3632 3633 3634 3635 3636 3637 3638 3639 3640 3641 3642 3643 3644 3645 3646 3647 3648 3649 3650 3651 3652 3653 3654 3655 3656 3657 3658 3659 3660 3661 3662 3663 3664 3665 3666 3667 3668 3669 3670 3671 3672 3673 3674 3675 3676 3677 3678 3679 3680 3681 3682 3683 3684 3685 3686 3687 3688 3689 3690 3691 3692 3693 3694 3695 3696 3697 3698 3699 3700 3701 3702 3703 3704 3705 3706 3707 3708 3709 3710 3711 3712 3713 3714 3715 3716 3717 3718 3719 3720 3721 3722 3723 3724 3725 3726 3727 3728 3729 3730 3731 3732 3733 3734 3735 3736 3737 3738 3739 3740 3741 3742 3743 3744 3745 3746 3747 3748 3749 3750 3751 3752 3753 3754 3755 3756 3757 3758 3759 3760 3761 3762 3763 3764 3765 3766 3767 3768 3769 3770 3771 3772 3773 3774 3775 3776 3777 3778 3779 3780 3781 3782 3783 3784 3785 3786 3787 3788 3789 3790 3791 3792 3793 3794 3795 3796 3797 3798 3799 3800 3801 3802 3803 3804 3805 3806 3807 3808 3809 3810 3811 3812 3813 3814 3815 3816 3817 3818 3819 3820 3821 3822 3823 3824 3825 3826 3827 3828 3829 3830 3831 3832 3833 3834 3835 3836 3837 3838 3839 3840 3841 3842 3843 3844 3845 3846 3847 3848 3849 3850 3851 3852 3853 3854 3855 3856 3857 3858 3859 3860 3861 3862 3863 3864 3865 3866 3867 3868 3869 3870 3871 3872 3873 3874 3875 3876 3877 3878 3879 3880 3881 3882 3883 3884 3885 3886 3887 3888 3889 3890 3891 3892 3893 3894 3895 3896 3897 3898 3899 3900 3901 3902 3903 3904 3905 3906 3907 3908 3909 3910 3911 3912 3913 3914 3915 3916 3917 3918 3919 3920 3921 3922 3923 3924 3925 3926 3927 3928 3929 3930 3931 3932 3933 3934 3935 3936 3937 3938 3939 3940 3941 3942 3943 3944 3945 3946 3947 3948 3949 3950 3951 3952 3953 3954 3955 3956 3957 3958 3959 3960 3961 3962 3963 3964 3965 3966 3967 3968 3969 3970 3971 3972 3973 3974 3975 3976 3977 3978 3979 3980 3981 3982 3983 3984 3985 3986 3987 3988 3989 3990 3991 3992 3993 3994 3995 3996 3997 3998 3999 4000 4001 4002 4003 4004 4005 4006 4007 4008 4009 4010 4011 4012 4013 4014 4015 4016 4017 4018 4019 4020 4021 4022 4023 4024 4025 4026 4027 4028 4029 4030 4031 4032 4033 4034 4035 4036 4037 4038 4039 4040 4041 4042 4043 4044 4045 4046 4047 4048 4049 4050 4051 4052 4053 4054 4055 4056 4057 4058 4059 4060 4061 4062 4063 4064 4065 4066 4067 4068 4069 4070 4071 4072 4073 4074 4075 4076 4077 4078 4079 4080 4081 4082 4083 4084 4085 4086 4087 4088 4089 4090 4091 4092 4093 4094 4095 4096 4097 4098 4099 4100 4101 4102 4103 4104 4105 4106 4107 4108 4109 4110 4111 4112 4113 4114 4115 4116 4117 4118 4119 4120 4121 4122 4123 4124 4125 4126 4127 4128 4129 4130 4131 4132 4133 4134 4135 4136 4137 4138 4139 4140 4141 4142 4143 4144 4145 4146 4147 4148 4149 4150 4151 4152 4153 4154 4155 4156 4157 4158 4159 4160 4161 4162 4163 4164 4165 4166 4167 4168 4169 4170 4171 4172 4173 4174 4175 4176 4177 4178 4179 4180 4181 4182 4183 4184 4185 4186 4187 4188 4189 4190 4191 4192 4193 4194 4195 4196 4197 4198 4199 4200 4201 4202 4203 4204 4205 4206 4207 4208 4209 4210 4211 4212 4213 4214 4215 4216 4217 4218 4219 4220 4221 4222 4223 4224 4225 4226 4227 4228 4229 4230 4231 4232 4233 4234 4235 4236 4237 4238 4239 4240 4241 4242 4243 4244 4245 4246 4247 4248 4249 4250 4251 4252 4253 4254 4255 4256 4257 4258 4259 4260 4261 4262 4263 4264 4265 4266 4267 4268 4269 4270 4271 4272 4273 4274 4275 4276 4277 4278 4279 4280 4281 4282 4283 4284 4285 4286 4287 4288 4289 4290 4291 4292 4293 4294 4295 4296 4297 4298 4299 4300 4301 4302 4303 4304 4305 4306 4307 4308 4309 4310 4311 4312 4313 4314 4315 4316 4317 4318 4319 4320 4321 4322 4323 4324 4325 4326 4327 4328 4329 4330 4331 4332 4333 4334 4335 4336 4337 4338 4339 4340 4341 4342 4343 4344 4345 4346 4347 4348 4349 4350 4351 4352 4353 4354 4355 4356 4357 4358 4359 4360 4361 4362 4363 4364 4365 4366 4367 4368 4369 4370 4371 4372 4373 4374 4375 4376 4377 4378 4379 4380 4381 4382 4383 4384 4385 4386 4387 4388 4389 4390 4391 4392 4393 4394 4395 4396 4397 4398 4399 4400 4401 4402 4403 4404 4405 4406 4407 4408 4409 4410 4411 4412 4413 4414 4415 4416 4417 4418 4419 4420 4421 4422 4423 4424 4425 4426 4427 4428 4429 4430 4431 4432 4433 4434 4435 4436 4437 4438 4439 4440 4441 4442 4443 4444 4445 4446 4447 4448 4449 4450 4451 4452 4453 4454 4455 4456 4457 4458 4459 4460 4461 4462 4463 4464 4465 4466 4467 4468 4469 4470 4471 4472 4473 4474 4475 4476 4477 4478 4479 4480 4481 4482 4483 4484 4485 4486 4487 4488 4489 4490 4491 4492 4493 4494 4495 4496 4497 4498 4499 4500 4501 4502 4503 4504 4505 4506 4507 4508 4509 4510 4511 4512 4513 4514 4515 4516 4517 4518 4519 4520 4521 4522 4523 4524 4525 4526 4527 4528 4529 4530 4531 4532 4533 4534 4535 4536 4537 4538 4539 4540 4541 4542 4543 4544 4545 4546 4547 4548 4549 4550 4551 4552 4553 4554 4555 4556 4557 4558 4559 4560 4561 4562 4563 4564 4565 4566 4567 4568 4569 4570 4571 4572 4573 4574 4575 4576 4577 4578 4579 4580 4581 4582 4583 4584 4585 4586 4587 4588 4589 4590 4591 4592 4593 4594 4595 4596 4597 4598 4599 4600 4601 4602 4603 4604 4605 4606 4607 4608 4609 4610 4611 4612 4613 4614 4615 4616 4617 4618 4619 4620 4621 4622 4623 4624 4625 4626 4627 4628 4629 4630 4631 4632 4633 4634 4635 4636 4637 4638 4639 4640 4641 4642 4643 4644 4645 4646 4647 4648 4649 4650 4651 4652 4653 4654 4655 4656 4657 4658 4659 4660 4661 4662 4663 4664 4665 4666 4667 4668 4669 4670 4671 4672 4673 4674 4675 4676 4677 4678 4679 4680 4681 4682 4683 4684 4685 4686 4687 4688 4689 4690 4691 4692 4693 4694 4695 4696 4697 4698 4699 4700 4701 4702 4703 4704 4705 4706 4707 4708 4709 4710 4711 4712 4713 4714 4715 4716 4717 4718 4719 4720 4721 4722 4723 4724 4725 4726 4727 4728 4729 4730 4731 4732 4733 4734 4735 4736 4737 4738 4739 4740 4741 4742 4743 4744 4745 4746 4747 4748 4749 4750 4751 4752 4753 4754 4755 4756 4757 4758 4759 4760 4761 4762 4763 4764 4765 4766 4767 4768 4769 4770 4771 4772 4773 4774 4775 4776 4777 4778 4779 4780 4781 4782 4783 4784 4785 4786 4787 4788 4789 4790 4791 4792 4793 4794 4795 4796 4797 4798 4799 4800 4801 4802 4803 4804 4805 4806 4807 4808 4809 4810 4811 4812 4813 4814 4815 4816 4817 4818 4819 4820 4821 4822 4823 4824 4825 4826 4827 4828 4829 4830 4831 4832 4833 4834 4835 4836 4837 4838 4839 4840 4841 4842 4843 4844 4845 4846 4847 4848 4849 4850 4851 4852 4853 4854 4855 4856 4857 4858 4859 4860 4861 4862 4863 4864 4865 4866 4867 4868 4869 4870 4871 4872 4873 4874 4875 4876 4877 4878 4879 4880 4881 4882 4883 4884 4885 4886 4887 4888 4889 4890 4891 4892 4893 4894 4895 4896 4897 4898 4899 4900 4901 4902 4903 4904 4905 4906 4907 4908 4909 4910 4911 4912 4913 4914 4915 4916 4917 4918 4919 4920 4921 4922 4923 4924 4925 4926 4927 4928 4929 4930 4931 4932 4933 4934 4935 4936 4937 4938 4939 4940 4941 4942 4943 4944 4945 4946 4947 4948 4949 4950 4951 4952 4953 4954 4955 4956 4957 4958 4959 4960 4961 4962 4963 4964 4965 4966 4967 4968 4969 4970 4971 4972 4973 4974 4975 4976 4977 4978 4979 4980 4981 4982 4983 4984 4985 4986 4987 4988 4989 4990 4991 4992 4993 4994 4995 4996 4997 4998 4999 5000 5001 5002 5003 5004 5005 5006 5007 5008 5009 5010 5011 5012 5013 5014 5015 5016 5017 5018 5019 5020 5021 5022 5023 5024 5025 5026 5027 5028 5029 5030 5031 5032 5033 5034 5035 5036 5037 5038 5039 5040 5041 5042 5043 5044 5045 5046 5047 5048 5049 5050 5051 5052 5053 5054 5055 5056 5057 5058 5059 5060 5061 5062 5063 5064 5065 5066 5067 5068 5069 5070 5071 5072 5073 5074 5075 5076 5077 5078 5079 5080 5081 5082 5083 5084 5085 5086 5087 5088 5089 5090 5091 5092 5093 5094 5095 5096 5097 5098 5099 5100 5101 5102 5103 5104 5105 5106 5107 5108 5109 5110 5111 5112 5113 5114 5115 5116 5117 5118 5119 5120 5121 5122 5123 5124 5125 5126 5127 5128 5129 5130 5131 5132 5133 5134 5135 5136 5137 5138 5139 5140 5141 5142 5143 5144 5145 5146 5147 5148 5149 5150 5151 5152 5153 5154 5155 5156 5157 5158 5159 5160 5161 5162 5163 5164 5165 5166 5167 5168 5169 5170 5171 5172 5173 5174 5175 5176 5177 5178 5179 5180 5181 5182 5183 5184 5185 5186 5187 5188 5189 5190 5191 5192 5193 5194 5195 5196 5197 5198 5199 5200 5201 5202 5203 5204 5205 5206 5207 5208 5209 5210 5211 5212 5213 5214 5215 5216 5217 5218 5219 5220 5221 5222 5223 5224 5225 5226 5227 5228 5229 5230 5231 5232 5233 5234 5235 5236 5237 5238 5239 5240 5241 5242 5243 5244 5245 5246 5247 5248 5249 5250 5251 5252 5253 5254 5255 5256 5257 5258 5259 5260 5261 5262 5263 5264 5265 5266 5267 5268 5269 5270 5271 5272 5273 5274 5275 5276 5277 5278 5279 5280 5281 5282 5283 5284 5285 5286 5287 5288 5289 5290 5291 5292 5293 5294 5295 5296 5297 5298 5299 5300 5301 5302 5303 5304 5305 5306 5307 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/mm/memory.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994 Linus Torvalds */ /* * demand-loading started 01.12.91 - seems it is high on the list of * things wanted, and it should be easy to implement. - Linus */ /* * Ok, demand-loading was easy, shared pages a little bit tricker. Shared * pages started 02.12.91, seems to work. - Linus. * * Tested sharing by executing about 30 /bin/sh: under the old kernel it * would have taken more than the 6M I have free, but it worked well as * far as I could see. * * Also corrected some "invalidate()"s - I wasn't doing enough of them. */ /* * Real VM (paging to/from disk) started 18.12.91. Much more work and * thought has to go into this. Oh, well.. * 19.12.91 - works, somewhat. Sometimes I get faults, don't know why. * Found it. Everything seems to work now. * 20.12.91 - Ok, making the swap-device changeable like the root. */ /* * 05.04.94 - Multi-page memory management added for v1.1. * Idea by Alex Bligh (alex@cconcepts.co.uk) * * 16.07.99 - Support of BIGMEM added by Gerhard Wichert, Siemens AG * (Gerhard.Wichert@pdb.siemens.de) * * Aug/Sep 2004 Changed to four level page tables (Andi Kleen) */ #include <linux/kernel_stat.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/coredump.h> #include <linux/sched/numa_balancing.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/mman.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/memremap.h> #include <linux/ksm.h> #include <linux/rmap.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/delayacct.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/pfn_t.h> #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/mmu_notifier.h> #include <linux/swapops.h> #include <linux/elf.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/migrate.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/debugfs.h> #include <linux/userfaultfd_k.h> #include <linux/dax.h> #include <linux/oom.h> #include <linux/numa.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <trace/events/kmem.h> #include <asm/io.h> #include <asm/mmu_context.h> #include <asm/pgalloc.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/tlb.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include "pgalloc-track.h" #include "internal.h" #if defined(LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS) && !defined(CONFIG_COMPILE_TEST) #warning Unfortunate NUMA and NUMA Balancing config, growing page-frame for last_cpupid. #endif #ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES /* use the per-pgdat data instead for discontigmem - mbligh */ unsigned long max_mapnr; EXPORT_SYMBOL(max_mapnr); struct page *mem_map; EXPORT_SYMBOL(mem_map); #endif /* * A number of key systems in x86 including ioremap() rely on the assumption * that high_memory defines the upper bound on direct map memory, then end * of ZONE_NORMAL. Under CONFIG_DISCONTIG this means that max_low_pfn and * highstart_pfn must be the same; there must be no gap between ZONE_NORMAL * and ZONE_HIGHMEM. */ void *high_memory; EXPORT_SYMBOL(high_memory); /* * Randomize the address space (stacks, mmaps, brk, etc.). * * ( When CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK=y we exclude brk from randomization, * as ancient (libc5 based) binaries can segfault. ) */ int randomize_va_space __read_mostly = #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK 1; #else 2; #endif #ifndef arch_faults_on_old_pte static inline bool arch_faults_on_old_pte(void) { /* * Those arches which don't have hw access flag feature need to * implement their own helper. By default, "true" means pagefault * will be hit on old pte. */ return true; } #endif static int __init disable_randmaps(char *s) { randomize_va_space = 0; return 1; } __setup("norandmaps", disable_randmaps); unsigned long zero_pfn __read_mostly; EXPORT_SYMBOL(zero_pfn); unsigned long highest_memmap_pfn __read_mostly; /* * CONFIG_MMU architectures set up ZERO_PAGE in their paging_init() */ static int __init init_zero_pfn(void) { zero_pfn = page_to_pfn(ZERO_PAGE(0)); return 0; } early_initcall(init_zero_pfn); void mm_trace_rss_stat(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long count) { trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } #if defined(SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING) void sync_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { int i; for (i = 0; i < NR_MM_COUNTERS; i++) { if (current->rss_stat.count[i]) { add_mm_counter(mm, i, current->rss_stat.count[i]); current->rss_stat.count[i] = 0; } } current->rss_stat.events = 0; } static void add_mm_counter_fast(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, int val) { struct task_struct *task = current; if (likely(task->mm == mm)) task->rss_stat.count[member] += val; else add_mm_counter(mm, member, val); } #define inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) add_mm_counter_fast(mm, member, 1) #define dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) add_mm_counter_fast(mm, member, -1) /* sync counter once per 64 page faults */ #define TASK_RSS_EVENTS_THRESH (64) static void check_sync_rss_stat(struct task_struct *task) { if (unlikely(task != current)) return; if (unlikely(task->rss_stat.events++ > TASK_RSS_EVENTS_THRESH)) sync_mm_rss(task->mm); } #else /* SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING */ #define inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) inc_mm_counter(mm, member) #define dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) dec_mm_counter(mm, member) static void check_sync_rss_stat(struct task_struct *task) { } #endif /* SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING */ /* * Note: this doesn't free the actual pages themselves. That * has been handled earlier when unmapping all the memory regions. */ static void free_pte_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr) { pgtable_t token = pmd_pgtable(*pmd); pmd_clear(pmd); pte_free_tlb(tlb, token, addr); mm_dec_nr_ptes(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_pmd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd)) continue; free_pte_range(tlb, pmd, addr); } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= PUD_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PUD_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, start); pud_clear(pud); pmd_free_tlb(tlb, pmd, start); mm_dec_nr_pmds(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_pud_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) continue; free_pmd_range(tlb, pud, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= P4D_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= P4D_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; pud = pud_offset(p4d, start); p4d_clear(p4d); pud_free_tlb(tlb, pud, start); mm_dec_nr_puds(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_p4d_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) continue; free_pud_range(tlb, p4d, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= PGDIR_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PGDIR_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, start); pgd_clear(pgd); p4d_free_tlb(tlb, p4d, start); } /* * This function frees user-level page tables of a process. */ void free_pgd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; /* * The next few lines have given us lots of grief... * * Why are we testing PMD* at this top level? Because often * there will be no work to do at all, and we'd prefer not to * go all the way down to the bottom just to discover that. * * Why all these "- 1"s? Because 0 represents both the bottom * of the address space and the top of it (using -1 for the * top wouldn't help much: the masks would do the wrong thing). * The rule is that addr 0 and floor 0 refer to the bottom of * the address space, but end 0 and ceiling 0 refer to the top * Comparisons need to use "end - 1" and "ceiling - 1" (though * that end 0 case should be mythical). * * Wherever addr is brought up or ceiling brought down, we must * be careful to reject "the opposite 0" before it confuses the * subsequent tests. But what about where end is brought down * by PMD_SIZE below? no, end can't go down to 0 there. * * Whereas we round start (addr) and ceiling down, by different * masks at different levels, in order to test whether a table * now has no other vmas using it, so can be freed, we don't * bother to round floor or end up - the tests don't need that. */ addr &= PMD_MASK; if (addr < floor) { addr += PMD_SIZE; if (!addr) return; } if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PMD_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) end -= PMD_SIZE; if (addr > end - 1) return; /* * We add page table cache pages with PAGE_SIZE, * (see pte_free_tlb()), flush the tlb if we need */ tlb_change_page_size(tlb, PAGE_SIZE); pgd = pgd_offset(tlb->mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; free_p4d_range(tlb, pgd, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); } void free_pgtables(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { while (vma) { struct vm_area_struct *next = vma->vm_next; unsigned long addr = vma->vm_start; /* * Hide vma from rmap and truncate_pagecache before freeing * pgtables */ unlink_anon_vmas(vma); unlink_file_vma(vma); if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma)) { hugetlb_free_pgd_range(tlb, addr, vma->vm_end, floor, next ? next->vm_start : ceiling); } else { /* * Optimization: gather nearby vmas into one call down */ while (next && next->vm_start <= vma->vm_end + PMD_SIZE && !is_vm_hugetlb_page(next)) { vma = next; next = vma->vm_next; unlink_anon_vmas(vma); unlink_file_vma(vma); } free_pgd_range(tlb, addr, vma->vm_end, floor, next ? next->vm_start : ceiling); } vma = next; } } int __pte_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { spinlock_t *ptl; pgtable_t new = pte_alloc_one(mm); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; /* * Ensure all pte setup (eg. pte page lock and page clearing) are * visible before the pte is made visible to other CPUs by being * put into page tables. * * The other side of the story is the pointer chasing in the page * table walking code (when walking the page table without locking; * ie. most of the time). Fortunately, these data accesses consist * of a chain of data-dependent loads, meaning most CPUs (alpha * being the notable exception) will already guarantee loads are * seen in-order. See the alpha page table accessors for the * smp_rmb() barriers in page table walking code. */ smp_wmb(); /* Could be smp_wmb__xxx(before|after)_spin_lock */ ptl = pmd_lock(mm, pmd); if (likely(pmd_none(*pmd))) { /* Has another populated it ? */ mm_inc_nr_ptes(mm); pmd_populate(mm, pmd, new); new = NULL; } spin_unlock(ptl); if (new) pte_free(mm, new); return 0; } int __pte_alloc_kernel(pmd_t *pmd) { pte_t *new = pte_alloc_one_kernel(&init_mm); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock); if (likely(pmd_none(*pmd))) { /* Has another populated it ? */ pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, pmd, new); new = NULL; } spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock); if (new) pte_free_kernel(&init_mm, new); return 0; } static inline void init_rss_vec(int *rss) { memset(rss, 0, sizeof(int) * NR_MM_COUNTERS); } static inline void add_mm_rss_vec(struct mm_struct *mm, int *rss) { int i; if (current->mm == mm) sync_mm_rss(mm); for (i = 0; i < NR_MM_COUNTERS; i++) if (rss[i]) add_mm_counter(mm, i, rss[i]); } /* * This function is called to print an error when a bad pte * is found. For example, we might have a PFN-mapped pte in * a region that doesn't allow it. * * The calling function must still handle the error. */ static void print_bad_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte, struct page *page) { pgd_t *pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr); p4d_t *p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); pud_t *pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); pmd_t *pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); struct address_space *mapping; pgoff_t index; static unsigned long resume; static unsigned long nr_shown; static unsigned long nr_unshown; /* * Allow a burst of 60 reports, then keep quiet for that minute; * or allow a steady drip of one report per second. */ if (nr_shown == 60) { if (time_before(jiffies, resume)) { nr_unshown++; return; } if (nr_unshown) { pr_alert("BUG: Bad page map: %lu messages suppressed\n", nr_unshown); nr_unshown = 0; } nr_shown = 0; } if (nr_shown++ == 0) resume = jiffies + 60 * HZ; mapping = vma->vm_file ? vma->vm_file->f_mapping : NULL; index = linear_page_index(vma, addr); pr_alert("BUG: Bad page map in process %s pte:%08llx pmd:%08llx\n", current->comm, (long long)pte_val(pte), (long long)pmd_val(*pmd)); if (page) dump_page(page, "bad pte"); pr_alert("addr:%px vm_flags:%08lx anon_vma:%px mapping:%px index:%lx\n", (void *)addr, vma->vm_flags, vma->anon_vma, mapping, index); pr_alert("file:%pD fault:%ps mmap:%ps readpage:%ps\n", vma->vm_file, vma->vm_ops ? vma->vm_ops->fault : NULL, vma->vm_file ? vma->vm_file->f_op->mmap : NULL, mapping ? mapping->a_ops->readpage : NULL); dump_stack(); add_taint(TAINT_BAD_PAGE, LOCKDEP_NOW_UNRELIABLE); } /* * vm_normal_page -- This function gets the "struct page" associated with a pte. * * "Special" mappings do not wish to be associated with a "struct page" (either * it doesn't exist, or it exists but they don't want to touch it). In this * case, NULL is returned here. "Normal" mappings do have a struct page. * * There are 2 broad cases. Firstly, an architecture may define a pte_special() * pte bit, in which case this function is trivial. Secondly, an architecture * may not have a spare pte bit, which requires a more complicated scheme, * described below. * * A raw VM_PFNMAP mapping (ie. one that is not COWed) is always considered a * special mapping (even if there are underlying and valid "struct pages"). * COWed pages of a VM_PFNMAP are always normal. * * The way we recognize COWed pages within VM_PFNMAP mappings is through the * rules set up by "remap_pfn_range()": the vma will have the VM_PFNMAP bit * set, and the vm_pgoff will point to the first PFN mapped: thus every special * mapping will always honor the rule * * pfn_of_page == vma->vm_pgoff + ((addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT) * * And for normal mappings this is false. * * This restricts such mappings to be a linear translation from virtual address * to pfn. To get around this restriction, we allow arbitrary mappings so long * as the vma is not a COW mapping; in that case, we know that all ptes are * special (because none can have been COWed). * * * In order to support COW of arbitrary special mappings, we have VM_MIXEDMAP. * * VM_MIXEDMAP mappings can likewise contain memory with or without "struct * page" backing, however the difference is that _all_ pages with a struct * page (that is, those where pfn_valid is true) are refcounted and considered * normal pages by the VM. The disadvantage is that pages are refcounted * (which can be slower and simply not an option for some PFNMAP users). The * advantage is that we don't have to follow the strict linearity rule of * PFNMAP mappings in order to support COWable mappings. * */ struct page *vm_normal_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte) { unsigned long pfn = pte_pfn(pte); if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL)) { if (likely(!pte_special(pte))) goto check_pfn; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->find_special_page) return vma->vm_ops->find_special_page(vma, addr); if (vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP)) return NULL; if (is_zero_pfn(pfn)) return NULL; if (pte_devmap(pte)) return NULL; print_bad_pte(vma, addr, pte, NULL); return NULL; } /* !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL case follows: */ if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) { if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) return NULL; goto out; } else { unsigned long off; off = (addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn == vma->vm_pgoff + off) return NULL; if (!is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) return NULL; } } if (is_zero_pfn(pfn)) return NULL; check_pfn: if (unlikely(pfn > highest_memmap_pfn)) { print_bad_pte(vma, addr, pte, NULL); return NULL; } /* * NOTE! We still have PageReserved() pages in the page tables. * eg. VDSO mappings can cause them to exist. */ out: return pfn_to_page(pfn); } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE struct page *vm_normal_page_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t pmd) { unsigned long pfn = pmd_pfn(pmd); /* * There is no pmd_special() but there may be special pmds, e.g. * in a direct-access (dax) mapping, so let's just replicate the * !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL case from vm_normal_page() here. */ if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) { if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) return NULL; goto out; } else { unsigned long off; off = (addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn == vma->vm_pgoff + off) return NULL; if (!is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) return NULL; } } if (pmd_devmap(pmd)) return NULL; if (is_huge_zero_pmd(pmd)) return NULL; if (unlikely(pfn > highest_memmap_pfn)) return NULL; /* * NOTE! We still have PageReserved() pages in the page tables. * eg. VDSO mappings can cause them to exist. */ out: return pfn_to_page(pfn); } #endif /* * copy one vm_area from one task to the other. Assumes the page tables * already present in the new task to be cleared in the whole range * covered by this vma. */ static unsigned long copy_nonpresent_pte(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, struct mm_struct *src_mm, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, unsigned long addr, int *rss) { unsigned long vm_flags = dst_vma->vm_flags; pte_t pte = *src_pte; struct page *page; swp_entry_t entry = pte_to_swp_entry(pte); if (likely(!non_swap_entry(entry))) { if (swap_duplicate(entry) < 0) return entry.val; /* make sure dst_mm is on swapoff's mmlist. */ if (unlikely(list_empty(&dst_mm->mmlist))) { spin_lock(&mmlist_lock); if (list_empty(&dst_mm->mmlist)) list_add(&dst_mm->mmlist, &src_mm->mmlist); spin_unlock(&mmlist_lock); } rss[MM_SWAPENTS]++; } else if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { page = migration_entry_to_page(entry); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; if (is_write_migration_entry(entry) && is_cow_mapping(vm_flags)) { /* * COW mappings require pages in both * parent and child to be set to read. */ make_migration_entry_read(&entry); pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry); if (pte_swp_soft_dirty(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mksoft_dirty(pte); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(src_mm, addr, src_pte, pte); } } else if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); /* * Update rss count even for unaddressable pages, as * they should treated just like normal pages in this * respect. * * We will likely want to have some new rss counters * for unaddressable pages, at some point. But for now * keep things as they are. */ get_page(page); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; page_dup_rmap(page, false); /* * We do not preserve soft-dirty information, because so * far, checkpoint/restore is the only feature that * requires that. And checkpoint/restore does not work * when a device driver is involved (you cannot easily * save and restore device driver state). */ if (is_write_device_private_entry(entry) && is_cow_mapping(vm_flags)) { make_device_private_entry_read(&entry); pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(src_mm, addr, src_pte, pte); } } if (!userfaultfd_wp(dst_vma)) pte = pte_swp_clear_uffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(dst_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } /* * Copy a present and normal page if necessary. * * NOTE! The usual case is that this doesn't need to do * anything, and can just return a positive value. That * will let the caller know that it can just increase * the page refcount and re-use the pte the traditional * way. * * But _if_ we need to copy it because it needs to be * pinned in the parent (and the child should get its own * copy rather than just a reference to the same page), * we'll do that here and return zero to let the caller * know we're done. * * And if we need a pre-allocated page but don't yet have * one, return a negative error to let the preallocation * code know so that it can do so outside the page table * lock. */ static inline int copy_present_page(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, unsigned long addr, int *rss, struct page **prealloc, pte_t pte, struct page *page) { struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; struct page *new_page; if (!is_cow_mapping(src_vma->vm_flags)) return 1; /* * What we want to do is to check whether this page may * have been pinned by the parent process. If so, * instead of wrprotect the pte on both sides, we copy * the page immediately so that we'll always guarantee * the pinned page won't be randomly replaced in the * future. * * The page pinning checks are just "has this mm ever * seen pinning", along with the (inexact) check of * the page count. That might give false positives for * for pinning, but it will work correctly. */ if (likely(!atomic_read(&src_mm->has_pinned))) return 1; if (likely(!page_maybe_dma_pinned(page))) return 1; new_page = *prealloc; if (!new_page) return -EAGAIN; /* * We have a prealloc page, all good! Take it * over and copy the page & arm it. */ *prealloc = NULL; copy_user_highpage(new_page, page, addr, src_vma); __SetPageUptodate(new_page); page_add_new_anon_rmap(new_page, dst_vma, addr, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(new_page, dst_vma); rss[mm_counter(new_page)]++; /* All done, just insert the new page copy in the child */ pte = mk_pte(new_page, dst_vma->vm_page_prot); pte = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(pte), dst_vma); if (userfaultfd_pte_wp(dst_vma, *src_pte)) /* Uffd-wp needs to be delivered to dest pte as well */ pte = pte_wrprotect(pte_mkuffd_wp(pte)); set_pte_at(dst_vma->vm_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } /* * Copy one pte. Returns 0 if succeeded, or -EAGAIN if one preallocated page * is required to copy this pte. */ static inline int copy_present_pte(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, unsigned long addr, int *rss, struct page **prealloc) { struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; unsigned long vm_flags = src_vma->vm_flags; pte_t pte = *src_pte; struct page *page; page = vm_normal_page(src_vma, addr, pte); if (page) { int retval; retval = copy_present_page(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pte, src_pte, addr, rss, prealloc, pte, page); if (retval <= 0) return retval; get_page(page); page_dup_rmap(page, false); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; } /* * If it's a COW mapping, write protect it both * in the parent and the child */ if (is_cow_mapping(vm_flags) && pte_write(pte)) { ptep_set_wrprotect(src_mm, addr, src_pte); pte = pte_wrprotect(pte); } /* * If it's a shared mapping, mark it clean in * the child */ if (vm_flags & VM_SHARED) pte = pte_mkclean(pte); pte = pte_mkold(pte); if (!userfaultfd_wp(dst_vma)) pte = pte_clear_uffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(dst_vma->vm_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } static inline struct page * page_copy_prealloc(struct mm_struct *src_mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { struct page *new_page; new_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, addr); if (!new_page) return NULL; if (mem_cgroup_charge(new_page, src_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) { put_page(new_page); return NULL; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(new_page, GFP_KERNEL); return new_page; } static int copy_pte_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pmd_t *dst_pmd, pmd_t *src_pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pte_t *orig_src_pte, *orig_dst_pte; pte_t *src_pte, *dst_pte; spinlock_t *src_ptl, *dst_ptl; int progress, ret = 0; int rss[NR_MM_COUNTERS]; swp_entry_t entry = (swp_entry_t){0}; struct page *prealloc = NULL; again: progress = 0; init_rss_vec(rss); dst_pte = pte_alloc_map_lock(dst_mm, dst_pmd, addr, &dst_ptl); if (!dst_pte) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } src_pte = pte_offset_map(src_pmd, addr); src_ptl = pte_lockptr(src_mm, src_pmd); spin_lock_nested(src_ptl, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING); orig_src_pte = src_pte; orig_dst_pte = dst_pte; arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { /* * We are holding two locks at this point - either of them * could generate latencies in another task on another CPU. */ if (progress >= 32) { progress = 0; if (need_resched() || spin_needbreak(src_ptl) || spin_needbreak(dst_ptl)) break; } if (pte_none(*src_pte)) { progress++; continue; } if (unlikely(!pte_present(*src_pte))) { entry.val = copy_nonpresent_pte(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pte, src_pte, dst_vma, src_vma, addr, rss); if (entry.val) break; progress += 8; continue; } /* copy_present_pte() will clear `*prealloc' if consumed */ ret = copy_present_pte(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pte, src_pte, addr, rss, &prealloc); /* * If we need a pre-allocated page for this pte, drop the * locks, allocate, and try again. */ if (unlikely(ret == -EAGAIN)) break; if (unlikely(prealloc)) { /* * pre-alloc page cannot be reused by next time so as * to strictly follow mempolicy (e.g., alloc_page_vma() * will allocate page according to address). This * could only happen if one pinned pte changed. */ put_page(prealloc); prealloc = NULL; } progress += 8; } while (dst_pte++, src_pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); spin_unlock(src_ptl); pte_unmap(orig_src_pte); add_mm_rss_vec(dst_mm, rss); pte_unmap_unlock(orig_dst_pte, dst_ptl); cond_resched(); if (entry.val) { if (add_swap_count_continuation(entry, GFP_KERNEL) < 0) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } entry.val = 0; } else if (ret) { WARN_ON_ONCE(ret != -EAGAIN); prealloc = page_copy_prealloc(src_mm, src_vma, addr); if (!prealloc) return -ENOMEM; /* We've captured and resolved the error. Reset, try again. */ ret = 0; } if (addr != end) goto again; out: if (unlikely(prealloc)) put_page(prealloc); return ret; } static inline int copy_pmd_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pud_t *dst_pud, pud_t *src_pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pmd_t *src_pmd, *dst_pmd; unsigned long next; dst_pmd = pmd_alloc(dst_mm, dst_pud, addr); if (!dst_pmd) return -ENOMEM; src_pmd = pmd_offset(src_pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (is_swap_pmd(*src_pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*src_pmd) || pmd_devmap(*src_pmd)) { int err; VM_BUG_ON_VMA(next-addr != HPAGE_PMD_SIZE, src_vma); err = copy_huge_pmd(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pmd, src_pmd, addr, dst_vma, src_vma); if (err == -ENOMEM) return -ENOMEM; if (!err) continue; /* fall through */ } if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(src_pmd)) continue; if (copy_pte_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pmd, src_pmd, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_pmd++, src_pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int copy_pud_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, p4d_t *dst_p4d, p4d_t *src_p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pud_t *src_pud, *dst_pud; unsigned long next; dst_pud = pud_alloc(dst_mm, dst_p4d, addr); if (!dst_pud) return -ENOMEM; src_pud = pud_offset(src_p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_trans_huge(*src_pud) || pud_devmap(*src_pud)) { int err; VM_BUG_ON_VMA(next-addr != HPAGE_PUD_SIZE, src_vma); err = copy_huge_pud(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pud, src_pud, addr, src_vma); if (err == -ENOMEM) return -ENOMEM; if (!err) continue; /* fall through */ } if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(src_pud)) continue; if (copy_pmd_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pud, src_pud, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_pud++, src_pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int copy_p4d_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pgd_t *dst_pgd, pgd_t *src_pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; p4d_t *src_p4d, *dst_p4d; unsigned long next; dst_p4d = p4d_alloc(dst_mm, dst_pgd, addr); if (!dst_p4d) return -ENOMEM; src_p4d = p4d_offset(src_pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(src_p4d)) continue; if (copy_pud_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_p4d, src_p4d, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_p4d++, src_p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } int copy_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma) { pgd_t *src_pgd, *dst_pgd; unsigned long next; unsigned long addr = src_vma->vm_start; unsigned long end = src_vma->vm_end; struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; struct mmu_notifier_range range; bool is_cow; int ret; /* * Don't copy ptes where a page fault will fill them correctly. * Fork becomes much lighter when there are big shared or private * readonly mappings. The tradeoff is that copy_page_range is more * efficient than faulting. */ if (!(src_vma->vm_flags & (VM_HUGETLB | VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP)) && !src_vma->anon_vma) return 0; if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(src_vma)) return copy_hugetlb_page_range(dst_mm, src_mm, src_vma); if (unlikely(src_vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) { /* * We do not free on error cases below as remove_vma * gets called on error from higher level routine */ ret = track_pfn_copy(src_vma); if (ret) return ret; } /* * We need to invalidate the secondary MMU mappings only when * there could be a permission downgrade on the ptes of the * parent mm. And a permission downgrade will only happen if * is_cow_mapping() returns true. */ is_cow = is_cow_mapping(src_vma->vm_flags); if (is_cow) { mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_PROTECTION_PAGE, 0, src_vma, src_mm, addr, end); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); /* * Disabling preemption is not needed for the write side, as * the read side doesn't spin, but goes to the mmap_lock. * * Use the raw variant of the seqcount_t write API to avoid * lockdep complaining about preemptibility. */ mmap_assert_write_locked(src_mm); raw_write_seqcount_begin(&src_mm->write_protect_seq); } ret = 0; dst_pgd = pgd_offset(dst_mm, addr); src_pgd = pgd_offset(src_mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(src_pgd)) continue; if (unlikely(copy_p4d_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pgd, src_pgd, addr, next))) { ret = -ENOMEM; break; } } while (dst_pgd++, src_pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (is_cow) { raw_write_seqcount_end(&src_mm->write_protect_seq); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); } return ret; } static unsigned long zap_pte_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { struct mm_struct *mm = tlb->mm; int force_flush = 0; int rss[NR_MM_COUNTERS]; spinlock_t *ptl; pte_t *start_pte; pte_t *pte; swp_entry_t entry; tlb_change_page_size(tlb, PAGE_SIZE); again: init_rss_vec(rss); start_pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); pte = start_pte; flush_tlb_batched_pending(mm); arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { pte_t ptent = *pte; if (pte_none(ptent)) continue; if (need_resched()) break; if (pte_present(ptent)) { struct page *page; page = vm_normal_page(vma, addr, ptent); if (unlikely(details) && page) { /* * unmap_shared_mapping_pages() wants to * invalidate cache without truncating: * unmap shared but keep private pages. */ if (details->check_mapping && details->check_mapping != page_rmapping(page)) continue; } ptent = ptep_get_and_clear_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); tlb_remove_tlb_entry(tlb, pte, addr); if (unlikely(!page)) continue; if (!PageAnon(page)) { if (pte_dirty(ptent)) { force_flush = 1; set_page_dirty(page); } if (pte_young(ptent) && likely(!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SEQ_READ))) mark_page_accessed(page); } rss[mm_counter(page)]--; page_remove_rmap(page, false); if (unlikely(page_mapcount(page) < 0)) print_bad_pte(vma, addr, ptent, page); if (unlikely(__tlb_remove_page(tlb, page))) { force_flush = 1; addr += PAGE_SIZE; break; } continue; } entry = pte_to_swp_entry(ptent); if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { struct page *page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); if (unlikely(details && details->check_mapping)) { /* * unmap_shared_mapping_pages() wants to * invalidate cache without truncating: * unmap shared but keep private pages. */ if (details->check_mapping != page_rmapping(page)) continue; } pte_clear_not_present_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); rss[mm_counter(page)]--; page_remove_rmap(page, false); put_page(page); continue; } /* If details->check_mapping, we leave swap entries. */ if (unlikely(details)) continue; if (!non_swap_entry(entry)) rss[MM_SWAPENTS]--; else if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { struct page *page; page = migration_entry_to_page(entry); rss[mm_counter(page)]--; } if (unlikely(!free_swap_and_cache(entry))) print_bad_pte(vma, addr, ptent, NULL); pte_clear_not_present_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); add_mm_rss_vec(mm, rss); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); /* Do the actual TLB flush before dropping ptl */ if (force_flush) tlb_flush_mmu_tlbonly(tlb); pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, ptl); /* * If we forced a TLB flush (either due to running out of * batch buffers or because we needed to flush dirty TLB * entries before releasing the ptl), free the batched * memory too. Restart if we didn't do everything. */ if (force_flush) { force_flush = 0; tlb_flush_mmu(tlb); } if (addr != end) { cond_resched(); goto again; } return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_pmd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (is_swap_pmd(*pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*pmd) || pmd_devmap(*pmd)) { if (next - addr != HPAGE_PMD_SIZE) __split_huge_pmd(vma, pmd, addr, false, NULL); else if (zap_huge_pmd(tlb, vma, pmd, addr)) goto next; /* fall through */ } else if (details && details->single_page && PageTransCompound(details->single_page) && next - addr == HPAGE_PMD_SIZE && pmd_none(*pmd)) { spinlock_t *ptl = pmd_lock(tlb->mm, pmd); /* * Take and drop THP pmd lock so that we cannot return * prematurely, while zap_huge_pmd() has cleared *pmd, * but not yet decremented compound_mapcount(). */ spin_unlock(ptl); } /* * Here there can be other concurrent MADV_DONTNEED or * trans huge page faults running, and if the pmd is * none or trans huge it can change under us. This is * because MADV_DONTNEED holds the mmap_lock in read * mode. */ if (pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(pmd)) goto next; next = zap_pte_range(tlb, vma, pmd, addr, next, details); next: cond_resched(); } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_pud_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_trans_huge(*pud) || pud_devmap(*pud)) { if (next - addr != HPAGE_PUD_SIZE) { mmap_assert_locked(tlb->mm); split_huge_pud(vma, pud, addr); } else if (zap_huge_pud(tlb, vma, pud, addr)) goto next; /* fall through */ } if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) continue; next = zap_pmd_range(tlb, vma, pud, addr, next, details); next: cond_resched(); } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_p4d_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) continue; next = zap_pud_range(tlb, vma, p4d, addr, next, details); } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } void unmap_page_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; BUG_ON(addr >= end); tlb_start_vma(tlb, vma); pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; next = zap_p4d_range(tlb, vma, pgd, addr, next, details); } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); tlb_end_vma(tlb, vma); } static void unmap_single_vma(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr, struct zap_details *details) { unsigned long start = max(vma->vm_start, start_addr); unsigned long end; if (start >= vma->vm_end) return; end = min(vma->vm_end, end_addr); if (end <= vma->vm_start) return; if (vma->vm_file) uprobe_munmap(vma, start, end); if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) untrack_pfn(vma, 0, 0); if (start != end) { if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))) { /* * It is undesirable to test vma->vm_file as it * should be non-null for valid hugetlb area. * However, vm_file will be NULL in the error * cleanup path of mmap_region. When * hugetlbfs ->mmap method fails, * mmap_region() nullifies vma->vm_file * before calling this function to clean up. * Since no pte has actually been setup, it is * safe to do nothing in this case. */ if (vma->vm_file) { i_mmap_lock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); __unmap_hugepage_range_final(tlb, vma, start, end, NULL); i_mmap_unlock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); } } else unmap_page_range(tlb, vma, start, end, details); } } /** * unmap_vmas - unmap a range of memory covered by a list of vma's * @tlb: address of the caller's struct mmu_gather * @vma: the starting vma * @start_addr: virtual address at which to start unmapping * @end_addr: virtual address at which to end unmapping * * Unmap all pages in the vma list. * * Only addresses between `start' and `end' will be unmapped. * * The VMA list must be sorted in ascending virtual address order. * * unmap_vmas() assumes that the caller will flush the whole unmapped address * range after unmap_vmas() returns. So the only responsibility here is to * ensure that any thus-far unmapped pages are flushed before unmap_vmas() * drops the lock and schedules. */ void unmap_vmas(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_UNMAP, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, start_addr, end_addr); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < end_addr; vma = vma->vm_next) unmap_single_vma(tlb, vma, start_addr, end_addr, NULL); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); } /** * zap_page_range - remove user pages in a given range * @vma: vm_area_struct holding the applicable pages * @start: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * * Caller must protect the VMA list */ void zap_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long size) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; struct mmu_gather tlb; lru_add_drain(); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, start, start + size); tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, vma->vm_mm, start, range.end); update_hiwater_rss(vma->vm_mm); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < range.end; vma = vma->vm_next) unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, start, range.end, NULL); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, start, range.end); } /** * zap_page_range_single - remove user pages in a given range * @vma: vm_area_struct holding the applicable pages * @address: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * @details: details of shared cache invalidation * * The range must fit into one VMA. */ static void zap_page_range_single(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size, struct zap_details *details) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; struct mmu_gather tlb; lru_add_drain(); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, address, address + size); tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, vma->vm_mm, address, range.end); update_hiwater_rss(vma->vm_mm); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, address, range.end, details); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, address, range.end); } /** * zap_vma_ptes - remove ptes mapping the vma * @vma: vm_area_struct holding ptes to be zapped * @address: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * * This function only unmaps ptes assigned to VM_PFNMAP vmas. * * The entire address range must be fully contained within the vma. * */ void zap_vma_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size) { if (address < vma->vm_start || address + size > vma->vm_end || !(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) return; zap_page_range_single(vma, address, size, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(zap_vma_ptes); static pmd_t *walk_to_pmd(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, addr); if (!p4d) return NULL; pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, addr); if (!pud) return NULL; pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr); if (!pmd) return NULL; VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); return pmd; } pte_t *__get_locked_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, spinlock_t **ptl) { pmd_t *pmd = walk_to_pmd(mm, addr); if (!pmd) return NULL; return pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, ptl); } static int validate_page_before_insert(struct page *page) { if (PageAnon(page) || PageSlab(page) || page_has_type(page)) return -EINVAL; flush_dcache_page(page); return 0; } static int insert_page_into_pte_locked(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { if (!pte_none(*pte)) return -EBUSY; /* Ok, finally just insert the thing.. */ get_page(page); inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, mm_counter_file(page)); page_add_file_rmap(page, false); set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, mk_pte(page, prot)); return 0; } /* * This is the old fallback for page remapping. * * For historical reasons, it only allows reserved pages. Only * old drivers should use this, and they needed to mark their * pages reserved for the old functions anyway. */ static int insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; int retval; pte_t *pte; spinlock_t *ptl; retval = validate_page_before_insert(page); if (retval) goto out; retval = -ENOMEM; pte = get_locked_pte(mm, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) goto out; retval = insert_page_into_pte_locked(mm, pte, addr, page, prot); pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl); out: return retval; } #ifdef pte_index static int insert_page_in_batch_locked(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { int err; if (!page_count(page)) return -EINVAL; err = validate_page_before_insert(page); if (err) return err; return insert_page_into_pte_locked(mm, pte, addr, page, prot); } /* insert_pages() amortizes the cost of spinlock operations * when inserting pages in a loop. Arch *must* define pte_index. */ static int insert_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page **pages, unsigned long *num, pgprot_t prot) { pmd_t *pmd = NULL; pte_t *start_pte, *pte; spinlock_t *pte_lock; struct mm_struct *const mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long curr_page_idx = 0; unsigned long remaining_pages_total = *num; unsigned long pages_to_write_in_pmd; int ret; more: ret = -EFAULT; pmd = walk_to_pmd(mm, addr); if (!pmd) goto out; pages_to_write_in_pmd = min_t(unsigned long, remaining_pages_total, PTRS_PER_PTE - pte_index(addr)); /* Allocate the PTE if necessary; takes PMD lock once only. */ ret = -ENOMEM; if (pte_alloc(mm, pmd)) goto out; while (pages_to_write_in_pmd) { int pte_idx = 0; const int batch_size = min_t(int, pages_to_write_in_pmd, 8); start_pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &pte_lock); for (pte = start_pte; pte_idx < batch_size; ++pte, ++pte_idx) { int err = insert_page_in_batch_locked(mm, pte, addr, pages[curr_page_idx], prot); if (unlikely(err)) { pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, pte_lock); ret = err; remaining_pages_total -= pte_idx; goto out; } addr += PAGE_SIZE; ++curr_page_idx; } pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, pte_lock); pages_to_write_in_pmd -= batch_size; remaining_pages_total -= batch_size; } if (remaining_pages_total) goto more; ret = 0; out: *num = remaining_pages_total; return ret; } #endif /* ifdef pte_index */ /** * vm_insert_pages - insert multiple pages into user vma, batching the pmd lock. * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target start user address of these pages * @pages: source kernel pages * @num: in: number of pages to map. out: number of pages that were *not* * mapped. (0 means all pages were successfully mapped). * * Preferred over vm_insert_page() when inserting multiple pages. * * In case of error, we may have mapped a subset of the provided * pages. It is the caller's responsibility to account for this case. * * The same restrictions apply as in vm_insert_page(). */ int vm_insert_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page **pages, unsigned long *num) { #ifdef pte_index const unsigned long end_addr = addr + (*num * PAGE_SIZE) - 1; if (addr < vma->vm_start || end_addr >= vma->vm_end) return -EFAULT; if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP)) { BUG_ON(mmap_read_trylock(vma->vm_mm)); BUG_ON(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP); vma->vm_flags |= VM_MIXEDMAP; } /* Defer page refcount checking till we're about to map that page. */ return insert_pages(vma, addr, pages, num, vma->vm_page_prot); #else unsigned long idx = 0, pgcount = *num; int err = -EINVAL; for (; idx < pgcount; ++idx) { err = vm_insert_page(vma, addr + (PAGE_SIZE * idx), pages[idx]); if (err) break; } *num = pgcount - idx; return err; #endif /* ifdef pte_index */ } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_pages); /** * vm_insert_page - insert single page into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @page: source kernel page * * This allows drivers to insert individual pages they've allocated * into a user vma. * * The page has to be a nice clean _individual_ kernel allocation. * If you allocate a compound page, you need to have marked it as * such (__GFP_COMP), or manually just split the page up yourself * (see split_page()). * * NOTE! Traditionally this was done with "remap_pfn_range()" which * took an arbitrary page protection parameter. This doesn't allow * that. Your vma protection will have to be set up correctly, which * means that if you want a shared writable mapping, you'd better * ask for a shared writable mapping! * * The page does not need to be reserved. * * Usually this function is called from f_op->mmap() handler * under mm->mmap_lock write-lock, so it can change vma->vm_flags. * Caller must set VM_MIXEDMAP on vma if it wants to call this * function from other places, for example from page-fault handler. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int vm_insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page *page) { if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return -EFAULT; if (!page_count(page)) return -EINVAL; if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP)) { BUG_ON(mmap_read_trylock(vma->vm_mm)); BUG_ON(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP); vma->vm_flags |= VM_MIXEDMAP; } return insert_page(vma, addr, page, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_page); /* * __vm_map_pages - maps range of kernel pages into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * @offset: user's requested vm_pgoff * * This allows drivers to map range of kernel pages into a user vma. * * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ static int __vm_map_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num, unsigned long offset) { unsigned long count = vma_pages(vma); unsigned long uaddr = vma->vm_start; int ret, i; /* Fail if the user requested offset is beyond the end of the object */ if (offset >= num) return -ENXIO; /* Fail if the user requested size exceeds available object size */ if (count > num - offset) return -ENXIO; for (i = 0; i < count; i++) { ret = vm_insert_page(vma, uaddr, pages[offset + i]); if (ret < 0) return ret; uaddr += PAGE_SIZE; } return 0; } /** * vm_map_pages - maps range of kernel pages starts with non zero offset * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * * Maps an object consisting of @num pages, catering for the user's * requested vm_pgoff * * If we fail to insert any page into the vma, the function will return * immediately leaving any previously inserted pages present. Callers * from the mmap handler may immediately return the error as their caller * will destroy the vma, removing any successfully inserted pages. Other * callers should make their own arrangements for calling unmap_region(). * * Context: Process context. Called by mmap handlers. * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ int vm_map_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num) { return __vm_map_pages(vma, pages, num, vma->vm_pgoff); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_map_pages); /** * vm_map_pages_zero - map range of kernel pages starts with zero offset * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * * Similar to vm_map_pages(), except that it explicitly sets the offset * to 0. This function is intended for the drivers that did not consider * vm_pgoff. * * Context: Process context. Called by mmap handlers. * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ int vm_map_pages_zero(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num) { return __vm_map_pages(vma, pages, num, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_map_pages_zero); static vm_fault_t insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t prot, bool mkwrite) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; pte_t *pte, entry; spinlock_t *ptl; pte = get_locked_pte(mm, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (!pte_none(*pte)) { if (mkwrite) { /* * For read faults on private mappings the PFN passed * in may not match the PFN we have mapped if the * mapped PFN is a writeable COW page. In the mkwrite * case we are creating a writable PTE for a shared * mapping and we expect the PFNs to match. If they * don't match, we are likely racing with block * allocation and mapping invalidation so just skip the * update. */ if (pte_pfn(*pte) != pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn)) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(*pte))); goto out_unlock; } entry = pte_mkyoung(*pte); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, addr, pte, entry, 1)) update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, pte); } goto out_unlock; } /* Ok, finally just insert the thing.. */ if (pfn_t_devmap(pfn)) entry = pte_mkdevmap(pfn_t_pte(pfn, prot)); else entry = pte_mkspecial(pfn_t_pte(pfn, prot)); if (mkwrite) { entry = pte_mkyoung(entry); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); } set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, entry); update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, pte); /* XXX: why not for insert_page? */ out_unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } /** * vmf_insert_pfn_prot - insert single pfn into user vma with specified pgprot * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * @pgprot: pgprot flags for the inserted page * * This is exactly like vmf_insert_pfn(), except that it allows drivers * to override pgprot on a per-page basis. * * This only makes sense for IO mappings, and it makes no sense for * COW mappings. In general, using multiple vmas is preferable; * vmf_insert_pfn_prot should only be used if using multiple VMAs is * impractical. * * See vmf_insert_mixed_prot() for a discussion of the implication of using * a value of @pgprot different from that of @vma->vm_page_prot. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t pgprot) { /* * Technically, architectures with pte_special can avoid all these * restrictions (same for remap_pfn_range). However we would like * consistency in testing and feature parity among all, so we should * try to keep these invariants in place for everybody. */ BUG_ON(!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP)) == (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP)); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP) && is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) && pfn_valid(pfn)); if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn, pgprot)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; track_pfn_insert(vma, &pgprot, __pfn_to_pfn_t(pfn, PFN_DEV)); return insert_pfn(vma, addr, __pfn_to_pfn_t(pfn, PFN_DEV), pgprot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_pfn_prot); /** * vmf_insert_pfn - insert single pfn into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * * Similar to vm_insert_page, this allows drivers to insert individual pages * they've allocated into a user vma. Same comments apply. * * This function should only be called from a vm_ops->fault handler, and * in that case the handler should return the result of this function. * * vma cannot be a COW mapping. * * As this is called only for pages that do not currently exist, we * do not need to flush old virtual caches or the TLB. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn) { return vmf_insert_pfn_prot(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_pfn); static bool vm_mixed_ok(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pfn_t pfn) { /* these checks mirror the abort conditions in vm_normal_page */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) return true; if (pfn_t_devmap(pfn)) return true; if (pfn_t_special(pfn)) return true; if (is_zero_pfn(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn))) return true; return false; } static vm_fault_t __vm_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot, bool mkwrite) { int err; BUG_ON(!vm_mixed_ok(vma, pfn)); if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; track_pfn_insert(vma, &pgprot, pfn); if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn), pgprot)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; /* * If we don't have pte special, then we have to use the pfn_valid() * based VM_MIXEDMAP scheme (see vm_normal_page), and thus we *must* * refcount the page if pfn_valid is true (hence insert_page rather * than insert_pfn). If a zero_pfn were inserted into a VM_MIXEDMAP * without pte special, it would there be refcounted as a normal page. */ if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL) && !pfn_t_devmap(pfn) && pfn_t_valid(pfn)) { struct page *page; /* * At this point we are committed to insert_page() * regardless of whether the caller specified flags that * result in pfn_t_has_page() == false. */ page = pfn_to_page(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn)); err = insert_page(vma, addr, page, pgprot); } else { return insert_pfn(vma, addr, pfn, pgprot, mkwrite); } if (err == -ENOMEM) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (err < 0 && err != -EBUSY) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } /** * vmf_insert_mixed_prot - insert single pfn into user vma with specified pgprot * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * @pgprot: pgprot flags for the inserted page * * This is exactly like vmf_insert_mixed(), except that it allows drivers * to override pgprot on a per-page basis. * * Typically this function should be used by drivers to set caching- and * encryption bits different than those of @vma->vm_page_prot, because * the caching- or encryption mode may not be known at mmap() time. * This is ok as long as @vma->vm_page_prot is not used by the core vm * to set caching and encryption bits for those vmas (except for COW pages). * This is ensured by core vm only modifying these page table entries using * functions that don't touch caching- or encryption bits, using pte_modify() * if needed. (See for example mprotect()). * Also when new page-table entries are created, this is only done using the * fault() callback, and never using the value of vma->vm_page_prot, * except for page-table entries that point to anonymous pages as the result * of COW. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, pgprot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed_prot); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed); /* * If the insertion of PTE failed because someone else already added a * different entry in the mean time, we treat that as success as we assume * the same entry was actually inserted. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite); /* * maps a range of physical memory into the requested pages. the old * mappings are removed. any references to nonexistent pages results * in null mappings (currently treated as "copy-on-access") */ static int remap_pte_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pte_t *pte, *mapped_pte; spinlock_t *ptl; int err = 0; mapped_pte = pte = pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return -ENOMEM; arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { BUG_ON(!pte_none(*pte)); if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn, prot)) { err = -EACCES; break; } set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, pte_mkspecial(pfn_pte(pfn, prot))); pfn++; } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); pte_unmap_unlock(mapped_pte, ptl); return err; } static inline int remap_pmd_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr); if (!pmd) return -ENOMEM; VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pte_range(mm, pmd, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int remap_pud_range(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, addr); if (!pud) return -ENOMEM; do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pmd_range(mm, pud, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int remap_p4d_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, addr); if (!p4d) return -ENOMEM; do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pud_range(mm, p4d, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } /** * remap_pfn_range - remap kernel memory to userspace * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target page aligned user address to start at * @pfn: page frame number of kernel physical memory address * @size: size of mapping area * @prot: page protection flags for this mapping * * Note: this is only safe if the mm semaphore is held when called. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int remap_pfn_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; unsigned long end = addr + PAGE_ALIGN(size); struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long remap_pfn = pfn; int err; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!PAGE_ALIGNED(addr))) return -EINVAL; /* * Physically remapped pages are special. Tell the * rest of the world about it: * VM_IO tells people not to look at these pages * (accesses can have side effects). * VM_PFNMAP tells the core MM that the base pages are just * raw PFN mappings, and do not have a "struct page" associated * with them. * VM_DONTEXPAND * Disable vma merging and expanding with mremap(). * VM_DONTDUMP * Omit vma from core dump, even when VM_IO turned off. * * There's a horrible special case to handle copy-on-write * behaviour that some programs depend on. We mark the "original" * un-COW'ed pages by matching them up with "vma->vm_pgoff". * See vm_normal_page() for details. */ if (is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) { if (addr != vma->vm_start || end != vma->vm_end) return -EINVAL; vma->vm_pgoff = pfn; } err = track_pfn_remap(vma, &prot, remap_pfn, addr, PAGE_ALIGN(size)); if (err) return -EINVAL; vma->vm_flags |= VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP | VM_DONTEXPAND | VM_DONTDUMP; BUG_ON(addr >= end); pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); flush_cache_range(vma, addr, end); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_p4d_range(mm, pgd, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) break; } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (err) untrack_pfn(vma, remap_pfn, PAGE_ALIGN(size)); return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(remap_pfn_range); /** * vm_iomap_memory - remap memory to userspace * @vma: user vma to map to * @start: start of the physical memory to be mapped * @len: size of area * * This is a simplified io_remap_pfn_range() for common driver use. The * driver just needs to give us the physical memory range to be mapped, * we'll figure out the rest from the vma information. * * NOTE! Some drivers might want to tweak vma->vm_page_prot first to get * whatever write-combining details or similar. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int vm_iomap_memory(struct vm_area_struct *vma, phys_addr_t start, unsigned long len) { unsigned long vm_len, pfn, pages; /* Check that the physical memory area passed in looks valid */ if (start + len < start) return -EINVAL; /* * You *really* shouldn't map things that aren't page-aligned, * but we've historically allowed it because IO memory might * just have smaller alignment. */ len += start & ~PAGE_MASK; pfn = start >> PAGE_SHIFT; pages = (len + ~PAGE_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn + pages < pfn) return -EINVAL; /* We start the mapping 'vm_pgoff' pages into the area */ if (vma->vm_pgoff > pages) return -EINVAL; pfn += vma->vm_pgoff; pages -= vma->vm_pgoff; /* Can we fit all of the mapping? */ vm_len = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start; if (vm_len >> PAGE_SHIFT > pages) return -EINVAL; /* Ok, let it rip */ return io_remap_pfn_range(vma, vma->vm_start, pfn, vm_len, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_iomap_memory); static int apply_to_pte_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pte_t *pte; int err = 0; spinlock_t *ptl; if (create) { pte = (mm == &init_mm) ? pte_alloc_kernel_track(pmd, addr, mask) : pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return -ENOMEM; } else { pte = (mm == &init_mm) ? pte_offset_kernel(pmd, addr) : pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); } BUG_ON(pmd_huge(*pmd)); arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); if (fn) { do { if (create || !pte_none(*pte)) { err = fn(pte++, addr, data); if (err) break; } } while (addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); } *mask |= PGTBL_PTE_MODIFIED; arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); if (mm != &init_mm) pte_unmap_unlock(pte-1, ptl); return err; } static int apply_to_pmd_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; int err = 0; BUG_ON(pud_huge(*pud)); if (create) { pmd = pmd_alloc_track(mm, pud, addr, mask); if (!pmd) return -ENOMEM; } else { pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); } do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd)) { err = apply_to_pte_range(mm, pmd, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int apply_to_pud_range(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; int err = 0; if (create) { pud = pud_alloc_track(mm, p4d, addr, mask); if (!pud) return -ENOMEM; } else { pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); } do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) { err = apply_to_pmd_range(mm, pud, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int apply_to_p4d_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; int err = 0; if (create) { p4d = p4d_alloc_track(mm, pgd, addr, mask); if (!p4d) return -ENOMEM; } else { p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); } do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) { err = apply_to_pud_range(mm, p4d, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int __apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long start = addr, next; unsigned long end = addr + size; pgtbl_mod_mask mask = 0; int err = 0; if (WARN_ON(addr >= end)) return -EINVAL; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (!create && pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; err = apply_to_p4d_range(mm, pgd, addr, next, fn, data, create, &mask); if (err) break; } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (mask & ARCH_PAGE_TABLE_SYNC_MASK) arch_sync_kernel_mappings(start, start + size); return err; } /* * Scan a region of virtual memory, filling in page tables as necessary * and calling a provided function on each leaf page table. */ int apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data) { return __apply_to_page_range(mm, addr, size, fn, data, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(apply_to_page_range); /* * Scan a region of virtual memory, calling a provided function on * each leaf page table where it exists. * * Unlike apply_to_page_range, this does _not_ fill in page tables * where they are absent. */ int apply_to_existing_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data) { return __apply_to_page_range(mm, addr, size, fn, data, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(apply_to_existing_page_range); /* * handle_pte_fault chooses page fault handler according to an entry which was * read non-atomically. Before making any commitment, on those architectures * or configurations (e.g. i386 with PAE) which might give a mix of unmatched * parts, do_swap_page must check under lock before unmapping the pte and * proceeding (but do_wp_page is only called after already making such a check; * and do_anonymous_page can safely check later on). */ static inline int pte_unmap_same(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, pte_t *page_table, pte_t orig_pte) { int same = 1; #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) if (sizeof(pte_t) > sizeof(unsigned long)) { spinlock_t *ptl = pte_lockptr(mm, pmd); spin_lock(ptl); same = pte_same(*page_table, orig_pte); spin_unlock(ptl); } #endif pte_unmap(page_table); return same; } static inline bool cow_user_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, struct vm_fault *vmf) { bool ret; void *kaddr; void __user *uaddr; bool locked = false; struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long addr = vmf->address; if (likely(src)) { copy_user_highpage(dst, src, addr, vma); return true; } /* * If the source page was a PFN mapping, we don't have * a "struct page" for it. We do a best-effort copy by * just copying from the original user address. If that * fails, we just zero-fill it. Live with it. */ kaddr = kmap_atomic(dst); uaddr = (void __user *)(addr & PAGE_MASK); /* * On architectures with software "accessed" bits, we would * take a double page fault, so mark it accessed here. */ if (arch_faults_on_old_pte() && !pte_young(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte_t entry; vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, addr, &vmf->ptl); locked = true; if (!likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { /* * Other thread has already handled the fault * and update local tlb only */ update_mmu_tlb(vma, addr, vmf->pte); ret = false; goto pte_unlock; } entry = pte_mkyoung(vmf->orig_pte); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, addr, vmf->pte, entry, 0)) update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, vmf->pte); } /* * This really shouldn't fail, because the page is there * in the page tables. But it might just be unreadable, * in which case we just give up and fill the result with * zeroes. */ if (__copy_from_user_inatomic(kaddr, uaddr, PAGE_SIZE)) { if (locked) goto warn; /* Re-validate under PTL if the page is still mapped */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, addr, &vmf->ptl); locked = true; if (!likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { /* The PTE changed under us, update local tlb */ update_mmu_tlb(vma, addr, vmf->pte); ret = false; goto pte_unlock; } /* * The same page can be mapped back since last copy attempt. * Try to copy again under PTL. */ if (__copy_from_user_inatomic(kaddr, uaddr, PAGE_SIZE)) { /* * Give a warn in case there can be some obscure * use-case */ warn: WARN_ON_ONCE(1); clear_page(kaddr); } } ret = true; pte_unlock: if (locked) pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); kunmap_atomic(kaddr); flush_dcache_page(dst); return ret; } static gfp_t __get_fault_gfp_mask(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct file *vm_file = vma->vm_file; if (vm_file) return mapping_gfp_mask(vm_file->f_mapping) | __GFP_FS | __GFP_IO; /* * Special mappings (e.g. VDSO) do not have any file so fake * a default GFP_KERNEL for them. */ return GFP_KERNEL; } /* * Notify the address space that the page is about to become writable so that * it can prohibit this or wait for the page to get into an appropriate state. * * We do this without the lock held, so that it can sleep if it needs to. */ static vm_fault_t do_page_mkwrite(struct vm_fault *vmf) { vm_fault_t ret; struct page *page = vmf->page; unsigned int old_flags = vmf->flags; vmf->flags = FAULT_FLAG_WRITE|FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE; if (vmf->vma->vm_file && IS_SWAPFILE(vmf->vma->vm_file->f_mapping->host)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite(vmf); /* Restore original flags so that caller is not surprised */ vmf->flags = old_flags; if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE))) return ret; if (unlikely(!(ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED))) { lock_page(page); if (!page->mapping) { unlock_page(page); return 0; /* retry */ } ret |= VM_FAULT_LOCKED; } else VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page), page); return ret; } /* * Handle dirtying of a page in shared file mapping on a write fault. * * The function expects the page to be locked and unlocks it. */ static vm_fault_t fault_dirty_shared_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct address_space *mapping; struct page *page = vmf->page; bool dirtied; bool page_mkwrite = vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite; dirtied = set_page_dirty(page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageAnon(page), page); /* * Take a local copy of the address_space - page.mapping may be zeroed * by truncate after unlock_page(). The address_space itself remains * pinned by vma->vm_file's reference. We rely on unlock_page()'s * release semantics to prevent the compiler from undoing this copying. */ mapping = page_rmapping(page); unlock_page(page); if (!page_mkwrite) file_update_time(vma->vm_file); /* * Throttle page dirtying rate down to writeback speed. * * mapping may be NULL here because some device drivers do not * set page.mapping but still dirty their pages * * Drop the mmap_lock before waiting on IO, if we can. The file * is pinning the mapping, as per above. */ if ((dirtied || page_mkwrite) && mapping) { struct file *fpin; fpin = maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(vmf, NULL); balance_dirty_pages_ratelimited(mapping); if (fpin) { fput(fpin); return VM_FAULT_RETRY; } } return 0; } /* * Handle write page faults for pages that can be reused in the current vma * * This can happen either due to the mapping being with the VM_SHARED flag, * or due to us being the last reference standing to the page. In either * case, all we need to do here is to mark the page as writable and update * any related book-keeping. */ static inline void wp_page_reuse(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = vmf->page; pte_t entry; /* * Clear the pages cpupid information as the existing * information potentially belongs to a now completely * unrelated process. */ if (page) page_cpupid_xchg_last(page, (1 << LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT) - 1); flush_cache_page(vma, vmf->address, pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte)); entry = pte_mkyoung(vmf->orig_pte); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry, 1)) update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); count_vm_event(PGREUSE); } /* * Handle the case of a page which we actually need to copy to a new page. * * Called with mmap_lock locked and the old page referenced, but * without the ptl held. * * High level logic flow: * * - Allocate a page, copy the content of the old page to the new one. * - Handle book keeping and accounting - cgroups, mmu-notifiers, etc. * - Take the PTL. If the pte changed, bail out and release the allocated page * - If the pte is still the way we remember it, update the page table and all * relevant references. This includes dropping the reference the page-table * held to the old page, as well as updating the rmap. * - In any case, unlock the PTL and drop the reference we took to the old page. */ static vm_fault_t wp_page_copy(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; struct page *old_page = vmf->page; struct page *new_page = NULL; pte_t entry; int page_copied = 0; struct mmu_notifier_range range; if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) goto oom; if (is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte))) { new_page = alloc_zeroed_user_highpage_movable(vma, vmf->address); if (!new_page) goto oom; } else { new_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (!new_page) goto oom; if (!cow_user_page(new_page, old_page, vmf)) { /* * COW failed, if the fault was solved by other, * it's fine. If not, userspace would re-fault on * the same address and we will handle the fault * from the second attempt. */ put_page(new_page); if (old_page) put_page(old_page); return 0; } } if (mem_cgroup_charge(new_page, mm, GFP_KERNEL)) goto oom_free_new; cgroup_throttle_swaprate(new_page, GFP_KERNEL); __SetPageUptodate(new_page); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, mm, vmf->address & PAGE_MASK, (vmf->address & PAGE_MASK) + PAGE_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); /* * Re-check the pte - we dropped the lock */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { if (old_page) { if (!PageAnon(old_page)) { dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, mm_counter_file(old_page)); inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, MM_ANONPAGES); } } else { inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, MM_ANONPAGES); } flush_cache_page(vma, vmf->address, pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte)); entry = mk_pte(new_page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); /* * Clear the pte entry and flush it first, before updating the * pte with the new entry. This will avoid a race condition * seen in the presence of one thread doing SMC and another * thread doing COW. */ ptep_clear_flush_notify(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); page_add_new_anon_rmap(new_page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(new_page, vma); /* * We call the notify macro here because, when using secondary * mmu page tables (such as kvm shadow page tables), we want the * new page to be mapped directly into the secondary page table. */ set_pte_at_notify(mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); if (old_page) { /* * Only after switching the pte to the new page may * we remove the mapcount here. Otherwise another * process may come and find the rmap count decremented * before the pte is switched to the new page, and * "reuse" the old page writing into it while our pte * here still points into it and can be read by other * threads. * * The critical issue is to order this * page_remove_rmap with the ptp_clear_flush above. * Those stores are ordered by (if nothing else,) * the barrier present in the atomic_add_negative * in page_remove_rmap. * * Then the TLB flush in ptep_clear_flush ensures that * no process can access the old page before the * decremented mapcount is visible. And the old page * cannot be reused until after the decremented * mapcount is visible. So transitively, TLBs to * old page will be flushed before it can be reused. */ page_remove_rmap(old_page, false); } /* Free the old page.. */ new_page = old_page; page_copied = 1; } else { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); } if (new_page) put_page(new_page); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); /* * No need to double call mmu_notifier->invalidate_range() callback as * the above ptep_clear_flush_notify() did already call it. */ mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_only_end(&range); if (old_page) { /* * Don't let another task, with possibly unlocked vma, * keep the mlocked page. */ if (page_copied && (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED)) { lock_page(old_page); /* LRU manipulation */ if (PageMlocked(old_page)) munlock_vma_page(old_page); unlock_page(old_page); } put_page(old_page); } return page_copied ? VM_FAULT_WRITE : 0; oom_free_new: put_page(new_page); oom: if (old_page) put_page(old_page); return VM_FAULT_OOM; } /** * finish_mkwrite_fault - finish page fault for a shared mapping, making PTE * writeable once the page is prepared * * @vmf: structure describing the fault * * This function handles all that is needed to finish a write page fault in a * shared mapping due to PTE being read-only once the mapped page is prepared. * It handles locking of PTE and modifying it. * * The function expects the page to be locked or other protection against * concurrent faults / writeback (such as DAX radix tree locks). * * Return: %VM_FAULT_WRITE on success, %0 when PTE got changed before * we acquired PTE lock. */ vm_fault_t finish_mkwrite_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); /* * We might have raced with another page fault while we released the * pte_offset_map_lock. */ if (!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte)) { update_mmu_tlb(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } wp_page_reuse(vmf); return 0; } /* * Handle write page faults for VM_MIXEDMAP or VM_PFNMAP for a VM_SHARED * mapping */ static vm_fault_t wp_pfn_shared(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->pfn_mkwrite) { vm_fault_t ret; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); vmf->flags |= FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE; ret = vma->vm_ops->pfn_mkwrite(vmf); if (ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)) return ret; return finish_mkwrite_fault(vmf); } wp_page_reuse(vmf); return VM_FAULT_WRITE; } static vm_fault_t wp_page_shared(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret = VM_FAULT_WRITE; get_page(vmf->page); if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite) { vm_fault_t tmp; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); tmp = do_page_mkwrite(vmf); if (unlikely(!tmp || (tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)))) { put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } tmp = finish_mkwrite_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE))) { unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } } else { wp_page_reuse(vmf); lock_page(vmf->page); } ret |= fault_dirty_shared_page(vmf); put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } /* * This routine handles present pages, when users try to write * to a shared page. It is done by copying the page to a new address * and decrementing the shared-page counter for the old page. * * Note that this routine assumes that the protection checks have been * done by the caller (the low-level page fault routine in most cases). * Thus we can safely just mark it writable once we've done any necessary * COW. * * We also mark the page dirty at this point even though the page will * change only once the write actually happens. This avoids a few races, * and potentially makes it more efficient. * * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), with pte both mapped and locked. * We return with mmap_lock still held, but pte unmapped and unlocked. */ static vm_fault_t do_wp_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (userfaultfd_pte_wp(vma, *vmf->pte)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_WP); } /* * Userfaultfd write-protect can defer flushes. Ensure the TLB * is flushed in this case before copying. */ if (unlikely(userfaultfd_wp(vmf->vma) && mm_tlb_flush_pending(vmf->vma->vm_mm))) flush_tlb_page(vmf->vma, vmf->address); vmf->page = vm_normal_page(vma, vmf->address, vmf->orig_pte); if (!vmf->page) { /* * VM_MIXEDMAP !pfn_valid() case, or VM_SOFTDIRTY clear on a * VM_PFNMAP VMA. * * We should not cow pages in a shared writeable mapping. * Just mark the pages writable and/or call ops->pfn_mkwrite. */ if ((vma->vm_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) == (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) return wp_pfn_shared(vmf); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return wp_page_copy(vmf); } /* * Take out anonymous pages first, anonymous shared vmas are * not dirty accountable. */ if (PageAnon(vmf->page)) { struct page *page = vmf->page; /* PageKsm() doesn't necessarily raise the page refcount */ if (PageKsm(page) || page_count(page) != 1) goto copy; if (!trylock_page(page)) goto copy; if (PageKsm(page) || page_mapcount(page) != 1 || page_count(page) != 1) { unlock_page(page); goto copy; } /* * Ok, we've got the only map reference, and the only * page count reference, and the page is locked, * it's dark out, and we're wearing sunglasses. Hit it. */ unlock_page(page); wp_page_reuse(vmf); return VM_FAULT_WRITE; } else if (unlikely((vma->vm_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) == (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED))) { return wp_page_shared(vmf); } copy: /* * Ok, we need to copy. Oh, well.. */ get_page(vmf->page); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return wp_page_copy(vmf); } static void unmap_mapping_range_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr, struct zap_details *details) { zap_page_range_single(vma, start_addr, end_addr - start_addr, details); } static inline void unmap_mapping_range_tree(struct rb_root_cached *root, struct zap_details *details) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; pgoff_t vba, vea, zba, zea; vma_interval_tree_foreach(vma, root, details->first_index, details->last_index) { vba = vma->vm_pgoff; vea = vba + vma_pages(vma) - 1; zba = details->first_index; if (zba < vba) zba = vba; zea = details->last_index; if (zea > vea) zea = vea; unmap_mapping_range_vma(vma, ((zba - vba) << PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_start, ((zea - vba + 1) << PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_start, details); } } /** * unmap_mapping_page() - Unmap single page from processes. * @page: The locked page to be unmapped. * * Unmap this page from any userspace process which still has it mmaped. * Typically, for efficiency, the range of nearby pages has already been * unmapped by unmap_mapping_pages() or unmap_mapping_range(). But once * truncation or invalidation holds the lock on a page, it may find that * the page has been remapped again: and then uses unmap_mapping_page() * to unmap it finally. */ void unmap_mapping_page(struct page *page) { struct address_space *mapping = page->mapping; struct zap_details details = { }; VM_BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page)); VM_BUG_ON(PageTail(page)); details.check_mapping = mapping; details.first_index = page->index; details.last_index = page->index + thp_nr_pages(page) - 1; details.single_page = page; i_mmap_lock_write(mapping); if (unlikely(!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root))) unmap_mapping_range_tree(&mapping->i_mmap, &details); i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); } /** * unmap_mapping_pages() - Unmap pages from processes. * @mapping: The address space containing pages to be unmapped. * @start: Index of first page to be unmapped. * @nr: Number of pages to be unmapped. 0 to unmap to end of file. * @even_cows: Whether to unmap even private COWed pages. * * Unmap the pages in this address space from any userspace process which * has them mmaped. Generally, you want to remove COWed pages as well when * a file is being truncated, but not when invalidating pages from the page * cache. */ void unmap_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t nr, bool even_cows) { struct zap_details details = { }; details.check_mapping = even_cows ? NULL : mapping; details.first_index = start; details.last_index = start + nr - 1; if (details.last_index < details.first_index) details.last_index = ULONG_MAX; i_mmap_lock_write(mapping); if (unlikely(!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root))) unmap_mapping_range_tree(&mapping->i_mmap, &details); i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); } /** * unmap_mapping_range - unmap the portion of all mmaps in the specified * address_space corresponding to the specified byte range in the underlying * file. * * @mapping: the address space containing mmaps to be unmapped. * @holebegin: byte in first page to unmap, relative to the start of * the underlying file. This will be rounded down to a PAGE_SIZE * boundary. Note that this is different from truncate_pagecache(), which * must keep the partial page. In contrast, we must get rid of * partial pages. * @holelen: size of prospective hole in bytes. This will be rounded * up to a PAGE_SIZE boundary. A holelen of zero truncates to the * end of the file. * @even_cows: 1 when truncating a file, unmap even private COWed pages; * but 0 when invalidating pagecache, don't throw away private data. */ void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen, int even_cows) { pgoff_t hba = holebegin >> PAGE_SHIFT; pgoff_t hlen = (holelen + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; /* Check for overflow. */ if (sizeof(holelen) > sizeof(hlen)) { long long holeend = (holebegin + holelen + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (holeend & ~(long long)ULONG_MAX) hlen = ULONG_MAX - hba + 1; } unmap_mapping_pages(mapping, hba, hlen, even_cows); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(unmap_mapping_range); /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), and pte mapped but not yet locked. * We return with pte unmapped and unlocked. * * We return with the mmap_lock locked or unlocked in the same cases * as does filemap_fault(). */ vm_fault_t do_swap_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = NULL, *swapcache; swp_entry_t entry; pte_t pte; int locked; int exclusive = 0; vm_fault_t ret = 0; void *shadow = NULL; if (!pte_unmap_same(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte)) goto out; entry = pte_to_swp_entry(vmf->orig_pte); if (unlikely(non_swap_entry(entry))) { if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { migration_entry_wait(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address); } else if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { vmf->page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); ret = vmf->page->pgmap->ops->migrate_to_ram(vmf); } else if (is_hwpoison_entry(entry)) { ret = VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; } else { print_bad_pte(vma, vmf->address, vmf->orig_pte, NULL); ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } goto out; } delayacct_set_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); page = lookup_swap_cache(entry, vma, vmf->address); swapcache = page; if (!page) { struct swap_info_struct *si = swp_swap_info(entry); if (data_race(si->flags & SWP_SYNCHRONOUS_IO) && __swap_count(entry) == 1) { /* skip swapcache */ page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (page) { int err; __SetPageLocked(page); __SetPageSwapBacked(page); set_page_private(page, entry.val); /* Tell memcg to use swap ownership records */ SetPageSwapCache(page); err = mem_cgroup_charge(page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL); ClearPageSwapCache(page); if (err) { ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; goto out_page; } shadow = get_shadow_from_swap_cache(entry); if (shadow) workingset_refault(page, shadow); lru_cache_add(page); swap_readpage(page, true); } } else { page = swapin_readahead(entry, GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vmf); swapcache = page; } if (!page) { /* * Back out if somebody else faulted in this pte * while we released the pte lock. */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); goto unlock; } /* Had to read the page from swap area: Major fault */ ret = VM_FAULT_MAJOR; count_vm_event(PGMAJFAULT); count_memcg_event_mm(vma->vm_mm, PGMAJFAULT); } else if (PageHWPoison(page)) { /* * hwpoisoned dirty swapcache pages are kept for killing * owner processes (which may be unknown at hwpoison time) */ ret = VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); goto out_release; } locked = lock_page_or_retry(page, vma->vm_mm, vmf->flags); delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); if (!locked) { ret |= VM_FAULT_RETRY; goto out_release; } /* * Make sure try_to_free_swap or reuse_swap_page or swapoff did not * release the swapcache from under us. The page pin, and pte_same * test below, are not enough to exclude that. Even if it is still * swapcache, we need to check that the page's swap has not changed. */ if (unlikely((!PageSwapCache(page) || page_private(page) != entry.val)) && swapcache) goto out_page; page = ksm_might_need_to_copy(page, vma, vmf->address); if (unlikely(!page)) { ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; page = swapcache; goto out_page; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(page, GFP_KERNEL); /* * Back out if somebody else already faulted in this pte. */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) goto out_nomap; if (unlikely(!PageUptodate(page))) { ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; goto out_nomap; } /* * The page isn't present yet, go ahead with the fault. * * Be careful about the sequence of operations here. * To get its accounting right, reuse_swap_page() must be called * while the page is counted on swap but not yet in mapcount i.e. * before page_add_anon_rmap() and swap_free(); try_to_free_swap() * must be called after the swap_free(), or it will never succeed. */ inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); dec_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_SWAPENTS); pte = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); if ((vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && reuse_swap_page(page, NULL)) { pte = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(pte), vma); vmf->flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; ret |= VM_FAULT_WRITE; exclusive = RMAP_EXCLUSIVE; } flush_icache_page(vma, page); if (pte_swp_soft_dirty(vmf->orig_pte)) pte = pte_mksoft_dirty(pte); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte = pte_mkuffd_wp(pte); pte = pte_wrprotect(pte); } set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, pte); arch_do_swap_page(vma->vm_mm, vma, vmf->address, pte, vmf->orig_pte); vmf->orig_pte = pte; /* ksm created a completely new copy */ if (unlikely(page != swapcache && swapcache)) { page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); } else { do_page_add_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, exclusive); } swap_free(entry); if (mem_cgroup_swap_full(page) || (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) || PageMlocked(page)) try_to_free_swap(page); unlock_page(page); if (page != swapcache && swapcache) { /* * Hold the lock to avoid the swap entry to be reused * until we take the PT lock for the pte_same() check * (to avoid false positives from pte_same). For * further safety release the lock after the swap_free * so that the swap count won't change under a * parallel locked swapcache. */ unlock_page(swapcache); put_page(swapcache); } if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) { ret |= do_wp_page(vmf); if (ret & VM_FAULT_ERROR) ret &= VM_FAULT_ERROR; goto out; } /* No need to invalidate - it was non-present before */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out: return ret; out_nomap: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out_page: unlock_page(page); out_release: put_page(page); if (page != swapcache && swapcache) { unlock_page(swapcache); put_page(swapcache); } return ret; } /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), and pte mapped but not yet locked. * We return with mmap_lock still held, but pte unmapped and unlocked. */ static vm_fault_t do_anonymous_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page; vm_fault_t ret = 0; pte_t entry; /* File mapping without ->vm_ops ? */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; /* * Use pte_alloc() instead of pte_alloc_map(). We can't run * pte_offset_map() on pmds where a huge pmd might be created * from a different thread. * * pte_alloc_map() is safe to use under mmap_write_lock(mm) or when * parallel threads are excluded by other means. * * Here we only have mmap_read_lock(mm). */ if (pte_alloc(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd)) return VM_FAULT_OOM; /* See the comment in pte_alloc_one_map() */ if (unlikely(pmd_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd))) return 0; /* Use the zero-page for reads */ if (!(vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && !mm_forbids_zeropage(vma->vm_mm)) { entry = pte_mkspecial(pfn_pte(my_zero_pfn(vmf->address), vma->vm_page_prot)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto unlock; } ret = check_stable_address_space(vma->vm_mm); if (ret) goto unlock; /* Deliver the page fault to userland, check inside PT lock */ if (userfaultfd_missing(vma)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_MISSING); } goto setpte; } /* Allocate our own private page. */ if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) goto oom; page = alloc_zeroed_user_highpage_movable(vma, vmf->address); if (!page) goto oom; if (mem_cgroup_charge(page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) goto oom_free_page; cgroup_throttle_swaprate(page, GFP_KERNEL); /* * The memory barrier inside __SetPageUptodate makes sure that * preceding stores to the page contents become visible before * the set_pte_at() write. */ __SetPageUptodate(page); entry = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); if (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE) entry = pte_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) { update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto release; } ret = check_stable_address_space(vma->vm_mm); if (ret) goto release; /* Deliver the page fault to userland, check inside PT lock */ if (userfaultfd_missing(vma)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); put_page(page); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_MISSING); } inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); setpte: set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); /* No need to invalidate - it was non-present before */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return ret; release: put_page(page); goto unlock; oom_free_page: put_page(page); oom: return VM_FAULT_OOM; } /* * The mmap_lock must have been held on entry, and may have been * released depending on flags and vma->vm_ops->fault() return value. * See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t __do_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret; /* * Preallocate pte before we take page_lock because this might lead to * deadlocks for memcg reclaim which waits for pages under writeback: * lock_page(A) * SetPageWriteback(A) * unlock_page(A) * lock_page(B) * lock_page(B) * pte_alloc_one * shrink_page_list * wait_on_page_writeback(A) * SetPageWriteback(B) * unlock_page(B) * # flush A, B to clear the writeback */ if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd) && !vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } ret = vma->vm_ops->fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY | VM_FAULT_DONE_COW))) return ret; if (unlikely(PageHWPoison(vmf->page))) { if (ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED) unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); vmf->page = NULL; return VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; } if (unlikely(!(ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED))) lock_page(vmf->page); else VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(vmf->page), vmf->page); return ret; } /* * The ordering of these checks is important for pmds with _PAGE_DEVMAP set. * If we check pmd_trans_unstable() first we will trip the bad_pmd() check * inside of pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(). This will end up correctly * returning 1 but not before it spams dmesg with the pmd_clear_bad() output. */ static int pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(pmd_t *pmd) { return pmd_devmap(*pmd) || pmd_trans_unstable(pmd); } static vm_fault_t pte_alloc_one_map(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd)) goto map_pte; if (vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->ptl = pmd_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); if (unlikely(!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) { spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); goto map_pte; } mm_inc_nr_ptes(vma->vm_mm); pmd_populate(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->prealloc_pte); spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } else if (unlikely(pte_alloc(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd))) { return VM_FAULT_OOM; } map_pte: /* * If a huge pmd materialized under us just retry later. Use * pmd_trans_unstable() via pmd_devmap_trans_unstable() instead of * pmd_trans_huge() to ensure the pmd didn't become pmd_trans_huge * under us and then back to pmd_none, as a result of MADV_DONTNEED * running immediately after a huge pmd fault in a different thread of * this mm, in turn leading to a misleading pmd_trans_huge() retval. * All we have to ensure is that it is a regular pmd that we can walk * with pte_offset_map() and we can do that through an atomic read in * C, which is what pmd_trans_unstable() provides. */ if (pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd)) return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; /* * At this point we know that our vmf->pmd points to a page of ptes * and it cannot become pmd_none(), pmd_devmap() or pmd_trans_huge() * for the duration of the fault. If a racing MADV_DONTNEED runs and * we zap the ptes pointed to by our vmf->pmd, the vmf->ptl will still * be valid and we will re-check to make sure the vmf->pte isn't * pte_none() under vmf->ptl protection when we return to * alloc_set_pte(). */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE static void deposit_prealloc_pte(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; pgtable_trans_huge_deposit(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->prealloc_pte); /* * We are going to consume the prealloc table, * count that as nr_ptes. */ mm_inc_nr_ptes(vma->vm_mm); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } static vm_fault_t do_set_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; bool write = vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; unsigned long haddr = vmf->address & HPAGE_PMD_MASK; pmd_t entry; int i; vm_fault_t ret = VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; if (!transhuge_vma_suitable(vma, haddr)) return ret; page = compound_head(page); if (compound_order(page) != HPAGE_PMD_ORDER) return ret; /* * Archs like ppc64 need additonal space to store information * related to pte entry. Use the preallocated table for that. */ if (arch_needs_pgtable_deposit() && !vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } vmf->ptl = pmd_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); if (unlikely(!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) goto out; for (i = 0; i < HPAGE_PMD_NR; i++) flush_icache_page(vma, page + i); entry = mk_huge_pmd(page, vma->vm_page_prot); if (write) entry = maybe_pmd_mkwrite(pmd_mkdirty(entry), vma); add_mm_counter(vma->vm_mm, mm_counter_file(page), HPAGE_PMD_NR); page_add_file_rmap(page, true); /* * deposit and withdraw with pmd lock held */ if (arch_needs_pgtable_deposit()) deposit_prealloc_pte(vmf); set_pmd_at(vma->vm_mm, haddr, vmf->pmd, entry); update_mmu_cache_pmd(vma, haddr, vmf->pmd); /* fault is handled */ ret = 0; count_vm_event(THP_FILE_MAPPED); out: spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); return ret; } #else static vm_fault_t do_set_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { BUILD_BUG(); return 0; } #endif /** * alloc_set_pte - setup new PTE entry for given page and add reverse page * mapping. If needed, the function allocates page table or use pre-allocated. * * @vmf: fault environment * @page: page to map * * Caller must take care of unlocking vmf->ptl, if vmf->pte is non-NULL on * return. * * Target users are page handler itself and implementations of * vm_ops->map_pages. * * Return: %0 on success, %VM_FAULT_ code in case of error. */ vm_fault_t alloc_set_pte(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; bool write = vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; pte_t entry; vm_fault_t ret; if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd) && PageTransCompound(page)) { ret = do_set_pmd(vmf, page); if (ret != VM_FAULT_FALLBACK) return ret; } if (!vmf->pte) { ret = pte_alloc_one_map(vmf); if (ret) return ret; } /* Re-check under ptl */ if (unlikely(!pte_none(*vmf->pte))) { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } flush_icache_page(vma, page); entry = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); if (write) entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); /* copy-on-write page */ if (write && !(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) { inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); } else { inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, mm_counter_file(page)); page_add_file_rmap(page, false); } set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); /* no need to invalidate: a not-present page won't be cached */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); return 0; } /** * finish_fault - finish page fault once we have prepared the page to fault * * @vmf: structure describing the fault * * This function handles all that is needed to finish a page fault once the * page to fault in is prepared. It handles locking of PTEs, inserts PTE for * given page, adds reverse page mapping, handles memcg charges and LRU * addition. * * The function expects the page to be locked and on success it consumes a * reference of a page being mapped (for the PTE which maps it). * * Return: %0 on success, %VM_FAULT_ code in case of error. */ vm_fault_t finish_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct page *page; vm_fault_t ret = 0; /* Did we COW the page? */ if ((vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && !(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) page = vmf->cow_page; else page = vmf->page; /* * check even for read faults because we might have lost our CoWed * page */ if (!(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) ret = check_stable_address_space(vmf->vma->vm_mm); if (!ret) ret = alloc_set_pte(vmf, page); if (vmf->pte) pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return ret; } static unsigned long fault_around_bytes __read_mostly = rounddown_pow_of_two(65536); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS static int fault_around_bytes_get(void *data, u64 *val) { *val = fault_around_bytes; return 0; } /* * fault_around_bytes must be rounded down to the nearest page order as it's * what do_fault_around() expects to see. */ static int fault_around_bytes_set(void *data, u64 val) { if (val / PAGE_SIZE > PTRS_PER_PTE) return -EINVAL; if (val > PAGE_SIZE) fault_around_bytes = rounddown_pow_of_two(val); else fault_around_bytes = PAGE_SIZE; /* rounddown_pow_of_two(0) is undefined */ return 0; } DEFINE_DEBUGFS_ATTRIBUTE(fault_around_bytes_fops, fault_around_bytes_get, fault_around_bytes_set, "%llu\n"); static int __init fault_around_debugfs(void) { debugfs_create_file_unsafe("fault_around_bytes", 0644, NULL, NULL, &fault_around_bytes_fops); return 0; } late_initcall(fault_around_debugfs); #endif /* * do_fault_around() tries to map few pages around the fault address. The hope * is that the pages will be needed soon and this will lower the number of * faults to handle. * * It uses vm_ops->map_pages() to map the pages, which skips the page if it's * not ready to be mapped: not up-to-date, locked, etc. * * This function is called with the page table lock taken. In the split ptlock * case the page table lock only protects only those entries which belong to * the page table corresponding to the fault address. * * This function doesn't cross the VMA boundaries, in order to call map_pages() * only once. * * fault_around_bytes defines how many bytes we'll try to map. * do_fault_around() expects it to be set to a power of two less than or equal * to PTRS_PER_PTE. * * The virtual address of the area that we map is naturally aligned to * fault_around_bytes rounded down to the machine page size * (and therefore to page order). This way it's easier to guarantee * that we don't cross page table boundaries. */ static vm_fault_t do_fault_around(struct vm_fault *vmf) { unsigned long address = vmf->address, nr_pages, mask; pgoff_t start_pgoff = vmf->pgoff; pgoff_t end_pgoff; int off; vm_fault_t ret = 0; nr_pages = READ_ONCE(fault_around_bytes) >> PAGE_SHIFT; mask = ~(nr_pages * PAGE_SIZE - 1) & PAGE_MASK; vmf->address = max(address & mask, vmf->vma->vm_start); off = ((address - vmf->address) >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PTE - 1); start_pgoff -= off; /* * end_pgoff is either the end of the page table, the end of * the vma or nr_pages from start_pgoff, depending what is nearest. */ end_pgoff = start_pgoff - ((vmf->address >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PTE - 1)) + PTRS_PER_PTE - 1; end_pgoff = min3(end_pgoff, vma_pages(vmf->vma) + vmf->vma->vm_pgoff - 1, start_pgoff + nr_pages - 1); if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd)) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vmf->vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) goto out; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } vmf->vma->vm_ops->map_pages(vmf, start_pgoff, end_pgoff); /* Huge page is mapped? Page fault is solved */ if (pmd_trans_huge(*vmf->pmd)) { ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; goto out; } /* ->map_pages() haven't done anything useful. Cold page cache? */ if (!vmf->pte) goto out; /* check if the page fault is solved */ vmf->pte -= (vmf->address >> PAGE_SHIFT) - (address >> PAGE_SHIFT); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out: vmf->address = address; vmf->pte = NULL; return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_read_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret = 0; /* * Let's call ->map_pages() first and use ->fault() as fallback * if page by the offset is not ready to be mapped (cold cache or * something). */ if (vma->vm_ops->map_pages && fault_around_bytes >> PAGE_SHIFT > 1) { ret = do_fault_around(vmf); if (ret) return ret; } ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) return ret; ret |= finish_fault(vmf); unlock_page(vmf->page); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_cow_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret; if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) return VM_FAULT_OOM; vmf->cow_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (!vmf->cow_page) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (mem_cgroup_charge(vmf->cow_page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) { put_page(vmf->cow_page); return VM_FAULT_OOM; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(vmf->cow_page, GFP_KERNEL); ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) goto uncharge_out; if (ret & VM_FAULT_DONE_COW) return ret; copy_user_highpage(vmf->cow_page, vmf->page, vmf->address, vma); __SetPageUptodate(vmf->cow_page); ret |= finish_fault(vmf); unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) goto uncharge_out; return ret; uncharge_out: put_page(vmf->cow_page); return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_shared_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret, tmp; ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) return ret; /* * Check if the backing address space wants to know that the page is * about to become writable */ if (vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite) { unlock_page(vmf->page); tmp = do_page_mkwrite(vmf); if (unlikely(!tmp || (tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)))) { put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } } ret |= finish_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) { unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } ret |= fault_dirty_shared_page(vmf); return ret; } /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults). * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). * If mmap_lock is released, vma may become invalid (for example * by other thread calling munmap()). */ static vm_fault_t do_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *vm_mm = vma->vm_mm; vm_fault_t ret; /* * The VMA was not fully populated on mmap() or missing VM_DONTEXPAND */ if (!vma->vm_ops->fault) { /* * If we find a migration pmd entry or a none pmd entry, which * should never happen, return SIGBUS */ if (unlikely(!pmd_present(*vmf->pmd))) ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; else { vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); /* * Make sure this is not a temporary clearing of pte * by holding ptl and checking again. A R/M/W update * of pte involves: take ptl, clearing the pte so that * we don't have concurrent modification by hardware * followed by an update. */ if (unlikely(pte_none(*vmf->pte))) ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; else ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); } } else if (!(vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE)) ret = do_read_fault(vmf); else if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) ret = do_cow_fault(vmf); else ret = do_shared_fault(vmf); /* preallocated pagetable is unused: free it */ if (vmf->prealloc_pte) { pte_free(vm_mm, vmf->prealloc_pte); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } return ret; } static int numa_migrate_prep(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, int page_nid, int *flags) { get_page(page); count_vm_numa_event(NUMA_HINT_FAULTS); if (page_nid == numa_node_id()) { count_vm_numa_event(NUMA_HINT_FAULTS_LOCAL); *flags |= TNF_FAULT_LOCAL; } return mpol_misplaced(page, vma, addr); } static vm_fault_t do_numa_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = NULL; int page_nid = NUMA_NO_NODE; int last_cpupid; int target_nid; bool migrated = false; pte_t pte, old_pte; bool was_writable = pte_savedwrite(vmf->orig_pte); int flags = 0; /* * The "pte" at this point cannot be used safely without * validation through pte_unmap_same(). It's of NUMA type but * the pfn may be screwed if the read is non atomic. */ vmf->ptl = pte_lockptr(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); spin_lock(vmf->ptl); if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); goto out; } /* * Make it present again, Depending on how arch implementes non * accessible ptes, some can allow access by kernel mode. */ old_pte = ptep_modify_prot_start(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte = pte_modify(old_pte, vma->vm_page_prot); pte = pte_mkyoung(pte); if (was_writable) pte = pte_mkwrite(pte); ptep_modify_prot_commit(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, old_pte, pte); update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); page = vm_normal_page(vma, vmf->address, pte); if (!page) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* TODO: handle PTE-mapped THP */ if (PageCompound(page)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* * Avoid grouping on RO pages in general. RO pages shouldn't hurt as * much anyway since they can be in shared cache state. This misses * the case where a mapping is writable but the process never writes * to it but pte_write gets cleared during protection updates and * pte_dirty has unpredictable behaviour between PTE scan updates, * background writeback, dirty balancing and application behaviour. */ if (!pte_write(pte)) flags |= TNF_NO_GROUP; /* * Flag if the page is shared between multiple address spaces. This * is later used when determining whether to group tasks together */ if (page_mapcount(page) > 1 && (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) flags |= TNF_SHARED; last_cpupid = page_cpupid_last(page); page_nid = page_to_nid(page); target_nid = numa_migrate_prep(page, vma, vmf->address, page_nid, &flags); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); if (target_nid == NUMA_NO_NODE) { put_page(page); goto out; } /* Migrate to the requested node */ migrated = migrate_misplaced_page(page, vma, target_nid); if (migrated) { page_nid = target_nid; flags |= TNF_MIGRATED; } else flags |= TNF_MIGRATE_FAIL; out: if (page_nid != NUMA_NO_NODE) task_numa_fault(last_cpupid, page_nid, 1, flags); return 0; } static inline vm_fault_t create_huge_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return do_huge_pmd_anonymous_page(vmf); if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) return vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PMD); return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } /* `inline' is required to avoid gcc 4.1.2 build error */ static inline vm_fault_t wp_huge_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) { if (userfaultfd_huge_pmd_wp(vmf->vma, orig_pmd)) return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_WP); return do_huge_pmd_wp_page(vmf, orig_pmd); } if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) { vm_fault_t ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PMD); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } /* COW or write-notify handled on pte level: split pmd. */ __split_huge_pmd(vmf->vma, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, false, NULL); return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } static vm_fault_t create_huge_pud(struct vm_fault *vmf) { #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && \ defined(CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD) /* No support for anonymous transparent PUD pages yet */ if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) goto split; if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) { vm_fault_t ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PUD); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } split: /* COW or write-notify not handled on PUD level: split pud.*/ __split_huge_pud(vmf->vma, vmf->pud, vmf->address); #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } static vm_fault_t wp_huge_pud(struct vm_fault *vmf, pud_t orig_pud) { #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE /* No support for anonymous transparent PUD pages yet */ if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) return vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PUD); #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } /* * These routines also need to handle stuff like marking pages dirty * and/or accessed for architectures that don't do it in hardware (most * RISC architectures). The early dirtying is also good on the i386. * * There is also a hook called "update_mmu_cache()" that architectures * with external mmu caches can use to update those (ie the Sparc or * PowerPC hashed page tables that act as extended TLBs). * * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, but allow * concurrent faults). * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our return value. * See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t handle_pte_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { pte_t entry; if (unlikely(pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) { /* * Leave __pte_alloc() until later: because vm_ops->fault may * want to allocate huge page, and if we expose page table * for an instant, it will be difficult to retract from * concurrent faults and from rmap lookups. */ vmf->pte = NULL; } else { /* See comment in pte_alloc_one_map() */ if (pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd)) return 0; /* * A regular pmd is established and it can't morph into a huge * pmd from under us anymore at this point because we hold the * mmap_lock read mode and khugepaged takes it in write mode. * So now it's safe to run pte_offset_map(). */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map(vmf->pmd, vmf->address); vmf->orig_pte = *vmf->pte; /* * some architectures can have larger ptes than wordsize, * e.g.ppc44x-defconfig has CONFIG_PTE_64BIT=y and * CONFIG_32BIT=y, so READ_ONCE cannot guarantee atomic * accesses. The code below just needs a consistent view * for the ifs and we later double check anyway with the * ptl lock held. So here a barrier will do. */ barrier(); if (pte_none(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte_unmap(vmf->pte); vmf->pte = NULL; } } if (!vmf->pte) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return do_anonymous_page(vmf); else return do_fault(vmf); } if (!pte_present(vmf->orig_pte)) return do_swap_page(vmf); if (pte_protnone(vmf->orig_pte) && vma_is_accessible(vmf->vma)) return do_numa_page(vmf); vmf->ptl = pte_lockptr(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); spin_lock(vmf->ptl); entry = vmf->orig_pte; if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, entry))) { update_mmu_tlb(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto unlock; } if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) { if (!pte_write(entry)) return do_wp_page(vmf); entry = pte_mkdirty(entry); } entry = pte_mkyoung(entry); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry, vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE)) { update_mmu_cache(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); } else { /* Skip spurious TLB flush for retried page fault */ if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED) goto unlock; /* * This is needed only for protection faults but the arch code * is not yet telling us if this is a protection fault or not. * This still avoids useless tlb flushes for .text page faults * with threads. */ if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) flush_tlb_fix_spurious_fault(vmf->vma, vmf->address); } unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* * By the time we get here, we already hold the mm semaphore * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t __handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags) { struct vm_fault vmf = { .vma = vma, .address = address & PAGE_MASK, .flags = flags, .pgoff = linear_page_index(vma, address), .gfp_mask = __get_fault_gfp_mask(vma), }; unsigned int dirty = flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; vm_fault_t ret; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address); p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, address); if (!p4d) return VM_FAULT_OOM; vmf.pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, address); if (!vmf.pud) return VM_FAULT_OOM; retry_pud: if (pud_none(*vmf.pud) && __transparent_hugepage_enabled(vma)) { ret = create_huge_pud(&vmf); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { pud_t orig_pud = *vmf.pud; barrier(); if (pud_trans_huge(orig_pud) || pud_devmap(orig_pud)) { /* NUMA case for anonymous PUDs would go here */ if (dirty && !pud_write(orig_pud)) { ret = wp_huge_pud(&vmf, orig_pud); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { huge_pud_set_accessed(&vmf, orig_pud); return 0; } } } vmf.pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, vmf.pud, address); if (!vmf.pmd) return VM_FAULT_OOM; /* Huge pud page fault raced with pmd_alloc? */ if (pud_trans_unstable(vmf.pud)) goto retry_pud; if (pmd_none(*vmf.pmd) && __transparent_hugepage_enabled(vma)) { ret = create_huge_pmd(&vmf); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { pmd_t orig_pmd = *vmf.pmd; barrier(); if (unlikely(is_swap_pmd(orig_pmd))) { VM_BUG_ON(thp_migration_supported() && !is_pmd_migration_entry(orig_pmd)); if (is_pmd_migration_entry(orig_pmd)) pmd_migration_entry_wait(mm, vmf.pmd); return 0; } if (pmd_trans_huge(orig_pmd) || pmd_devmap(orig_pmd)) { if (pmd_protnone(orig_pmd) && vma_is_accessible(vma)) return do_huge_pmd_numa_page(&vmf, orig_pmd); if (dirty && !pmd_write(orig_pmd)) { ret = wp_huge_pmd(&vmf, orig_pmd); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { huge_pmd_set_accessed(&vmf, orig_pmd); return 0; } } } return handle_pte_fault(&vmf); } /** * mm_account_fault - Do page fault accountings * * @regs: the pt_regs struct pointer. When set to NULL, will skip accounting * of perf event counters, but we'll still do the per-task accounting to * the task who triggered this page fault. * @address: the faulted address. * @flags: the fault flags. * @ret: the fault retcode. * * This will take care of most of the page fault accountings. Meanwhile, it * will also include the PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_[MAJ|MIN] perf counter * updates. However note that the handling of PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS should * still be in per-arch page fault handlers at the entry of page fault. */ static inline void mm_account_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, vm_fault_t ret) { bool major; /* * We don't do accounting for some specific faults: * * - Unsuccessful faults (e.g. when the address wasn't valid). That * includes arch_vma_access_permitted() failing before reaching here. * So this is not a "this many hardware page faults" counter. We * should use the hw profiling for that. * * - Incomplete faults (VM_FAULT_RETRY). They will only be counted * once they're completed. */ if (ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_RETRY)) return; /* * We define the fault as a major fault when the final successful fault * is VM_FAULT_MAJOR, or if it retried (which implies that we couldn't * handle it immediately previously). */ major = (ret & VM_FAULT_MAJOR) || (flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED); if (major) current->maj_flt++; else current->min_flt++; /* * If the fault is done for GUP, regs will be NULL. We only do the * accounting for the per thread fault counters who triggered the * fault, and we skip the perf event updates. */ if (!regs) return; if (major) perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_MAJ, 1, regs, address); else perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_MIN, 1, regs, address); } /* * By the time we get here, we already hold the mm semaphore * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ vm_fault_t handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, struct pt_regs *regs) { vm_fault_t ret; __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING); count_vm_event(PGFAULT); count_memcg_event_mm(vma->vm_mm, PGFAULT); /* do counter updates before entering really critical section. */ check_sync_rss_stat(current); if (!arch_vma_access_permitted(vma, flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE, flags & FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION, flags & FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE)) return VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV; /* * Enable the memcg OOM handling for faults triggered in user * space. Kernel faults are handled more gracefully. */ if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_USER) mem_cgroup_enter_user_fault(); if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))) ret = hugetlb_fault(vma->vm_mm, vma, address, flags); else ret = __handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags); if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_USER) { mem_cgroup_exit_user_fault(); /* * The task may have entered a memcg OOM situation but * if the allocation error was handled gracefully (no * VM_FAULT_OOM), there is no need to kill anything. * Just clean up the OOM state peacefully. */ if (task_in_memcg_oom(current) && !(ret & VM_FAULT_OOM)) mem_cgroup_oom_synchronize(false); } mm_account_fault(regs, address, flags, ret); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(handle_mm_fault); #ifndef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED /* * Allocate p4d page table. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { p4d_t *new = p4d_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock); if (pgd_present(*pgd)) /* Another has populated it */ p4d_free(mm, new); else pgd_populate(mm, pgd, new); spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED */ #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED /* * Allocate page upper directory. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address) { pud_t *new = pud_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock); if (!p4d_present(*p4d)) { mm_inc_nr_puds(mm); p4d_populate(mm, p4d, new); } else /* Another has populated it */ pud_free(mm, new); spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED */ #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED /* * Allocate page middle directory. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address) { spinlock_t *ptl; pmd_t *new = pmd_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ ptl = pud_lock(mm, pud); if (!pud_present(*pud)) { mm_inc_nr_pmds(mm); pud_populate(mm, pud, new); } else /* Another has populated it */ pmd_free(mm, new); spin_unlock(ptl); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED */ int follow_invalidate_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, struct mmu_notifier_range *range, pte_t **ptepp, pmd_t **pmdpp, spinlock_t **ptlp) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pte_t *ptep; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address); if (pgd_none(*pgd) || unlikely(pgd_bad(*pgd))) goto out; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, address); if (p4d_none(*p4d) || unlikely(p4d_bad(*p4d))) goto out; pud = pud_offset(p4d, address); if (pud_none(*pud) || unlikely(pud_bad(*pud))) goto out; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address); VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); if (pmd_huge(*pmd)) { if (!pmdpp) goto out; if (range) { mmu_notifier_range_init(range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, NULL, mm, address & PMD_MASK, (address & PMD_MASK) + PMD_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(range); } *ptlp = pmd_lock(mm, pmd); if (pmd_huge(*pmd)) { *pmdpp = pmd; return 0; } spin_unlock(*ptlp); if (range) mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(range); } if (pmd_none(*pmd) || unlikely(pmd_bad(*pmd))) goto out; if (range) { mmu_notifier_range_init(range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, NULL, mm, address & PAGE_MASK, (address & PAGE_MASK) + PAGE_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(range); } ptep = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp); if (!pte_present(*ptep)) goto unlock; *ptepp = ptep; return 0; unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, *ptlp); if (range) mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(range); out: return -EINVAL; } /** * follow_pte - look up PTE at a user virtual address * @mm: the mm_struct of the target address space * @address: user virtual address * @ptepp: location to store found PTE * @ptlp: location to store the lock for the PTE * * On a successful return, the pointer to the PTE is stored in @ptepp; * the corresponding lock is taken and its location is stored in @ptlp. * The contents of the PTE are only stable until @ptlp is released; * any further use, if any, must be protected against invalidation * with MMU notifiers. * * Only IO mappings and raw PFN mappings are allowed. The mmap semaphore * should be taken for read. * * KVM uses this function. While it is arguably less bad than ``follow_pfn``, * it is not a good general-purpose API. * * Return: zero on success, -ve otherwise. */ int follow_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t **ptepp, spinlock_t **ptlp) { return follow_invalidate_pte(mm, address, NULL, ptepp, NULL, ptlp); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(follow_pte); /** * follow_pfn - look up PFN at a user virtual address * @vma: memory mapping * @address: user virtual address * @pfn: location to store found PFN * * Only IO mappings and raw PFN mappings are allowed. * * This function does not allow the caller to read the permissions * of the PTE. Do not use it. * * Return: zero and the pfn at @pfn on success, -ve otherwise. */ int follow_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long *pfn) { int ret = -EINVAL; spinlock_t *ptl; pte_t *ptep; if (!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP))) return ret; ret = follow_pte(vma->vm_mm, address, &ptep, &ptl); if (ret) return ret; *pfn = pte_pfn(*ptep); pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(follow_pfn); #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_IOREMAP_PROT int follow_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, unsigned long *prot, resource_size_t *phys) { int ret = -EINVAL; pte_t *ptep, pte; spinlock_t *ptl; if (!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP))) goto out; if (follow_pte(vma->vm_mm, address, &ptep, &ptl)) goto out; pte = *ptep; if ((flags & FOLL_WRITE) && !pte_write(pte)) goto unlock; *prot = pgprot_val(pte_pgprot(pte)); *phys = (resource_size_t)pte_pfn(pte) << PAGE_SHIFT; ret = 0; unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl); out: return ret; } int generic_access_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, int write) { resource_size_t phys_addr; unsigned long prot = 0; void __iomem *maddr; int offset = addr & (PAGE_SIZE-1); if (follow_phys(vma, addr, write, &prot, &phys_addr)) return -EINVAL; maddr = ioremap_prot(phys_addr, PAGE_ALIGN(len + offset), prot); if (!maddr) return -ENOMEM; if (write) memcpy_toio(maddr + offset, buf, len); else memcpy_fromio(buf, maddr + offset, len); iounmap(maddr); return len; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(generic_access_phys); #endif /* * Access another process' address space as given in mm. If non-NULL, use the * given task for page fault accounting. */ int __access_remote_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; void *old_buf = buf; int write = gup_flags & FOLL_WRITE; if (mmap_read_lock_killable(mm)) return 0; /* ignore errors, just check how much was successfully transferred */ while (len) { int bytes, ret, offset; void *maddr; struct page *page = NULL; ret = get_user_pages_remote(mm, addr, 1, gup_flags, &page, &vma, NULL); if (ret <= 0) { #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_IOREMAP_PROT break; #else /* * Check if this is a VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP VMA, which * we can access using slightly different code. */ vma = find_vma(mm, addr); if (!vma || vma->vm_start > addr) break; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->access) ret = vma->vm_ops->access(vma, addr, buf, len, write); if (ret <= 0) break; bytes = ret; #endif } else { bytes = len; offset = addr & (PAGE_SIZE-1); if (bytes > PAGE_SIZE-offset) bytes = PAGE_SIZE-offset; maddr = kmap(page); if (write) { copy_to_user_page(vma, page, addr, maddr + offset, buf, bytes); set_page_dirty_lock(page); } else { copy_from_user_page(vma, page, addr, buf, maddr + offset, bytes); } kunmap(page); put_page(page); } len -= bytes; buf += bytes; addr += bytes; } mmap_read_unlock(mm); return buf - old_buf; } /** * access_remote_vm - access another process' address space * @mm: the mm_struct of the target address space * @addr: start address to access * @buf: source or destination buffer * @len: number of bytes to transfer * @gup_flags: flags modifying lookup behaviour * * The caller must hold a reference on @mm. * * Return: number of bytes copied from source to destination. */ int access_remote_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags) { return __access_remote_vm(NULL, mm, addr, buf, len, gup_flags); } /* * Access another process' address space. * Source/target buffer must be kernel space, * Do not walk the page table directly, use get_user_pages */ int access_process_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags) { struct mm_struct *mm; int ret; mm = get_task_mm(tsk); if (!mm) return 0; ret = __access_remote_vm(tsk, mm, addr, buf, len, gup_flags); mmput(mm); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(access_process_vm); /* * Print the name of a VMA. */ void print_vma_addr(char *prefix, unsigned long ip) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct vm_area_struct *vma; /* * we might be running from an atomic context so we cannot sleep */ if (!mmap_read_trylock(mm)) return; vma = find_vma(mm, ip); if (vma && vma->vm_file) { struct file *f = vma->vm_file; char *buf = (char *)__get_free_page(GFP_NOWAIT); if (buf) { char *p; p = file_path(f, buf, PAGE_SIZE); if (IS_ERR(p)) p = "?"; printk("%s%s[%lx+%lx]", prefix, kbasename(p), vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start); free_page((unsigned long)buf); } } mmap_read_unlock(mm); } #if defined(CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP) void __might_fault(const char *file, int line) { /* * Some code (nfs/sunrpc) uses socket ops on kernel memory while * holding the mmap_lock, this is safe because kernel memory doesn't * get paged out, therefore we'll never actually fault, and the * below annotations will generate false positives. */ if (uaccess_kernel()) return; if (pagefault_disabled()) return; __might_sleep(file, line, 0); #if defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP) if (current->mm) might_lock_read(&current->mm->mmap_lock); #endif } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__might_fault); #endif #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) || defined(CONFIG_HUGETLBFS) /* * Process all subpages of the specified huge page with the specified * operation. The target subpage will be processed last to keep its * cache lines hot. */ static inline void process_huge_page( unsigned long addr_hint, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page, void (*process_subpage)(unsigned long addr, int idx, void *arg), void *arg) { int i, n, base, l; unsigned long addr = addr_hint & ~(((unsigned long)pages_per_huge_page << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1); /* Process target subpage last to keep its cache lines hot */ might_sleep(); n = (addr_hint - addr) / PAGE_SIZE; if (2 * n <= pages_per_huge_page) { /* If target subpage in first half of huge page */ base = 0; l = n; /* Process subpages at the end of huge page */ for (i = pages_per_huge_page - 1; i >= 2 * n; i--) { cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + i * PAGE_SIZE, i, arg); } } else { /* If target subpage in second half of huge page */ base = pages_per_huge_page - 2 * (pages_per_huge_page - n); l = pages_per_huge_page - n; /* Process subpages at the begin of huge page */ for (i = 0; i < base; i++) { cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + i * PAGE_SIZE, i, arg); } } /* * Process remaining subpages in left-right-left-right pattern * towards the target subpage */ for (i = 0; i < l; i++) { int left_idx = base + i; int right_idx = base + 2 * l - 1 - i; cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + left_idx * PAGE_SIZE, left_idx, arg); cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + right_idx * PAGE_SIZE, right_idx, arg); } } static void clear_gigantic_page(struct page *page, unsigned long addr, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { int i; struct page *p = page; might_sleep(); for (i = 0; i < pages_per_huge_page; i++, p = mem_map_next(p, page, i)) { cond_resched(); clear_user_highpage(p, addr + i * PAGE_SIZE); } } static void clear_subpage(unsigned long addr, int idx, void *arg) { struct page *page = arg; clear_user_highpage(page + idx, addr); } void clear_huge_page(struct page *page, unsigned long addr_hint, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { unsigned long addr = addr_hint & ~(((unsigned long)pages_per_huge_page << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1); if (unlikely(pages_per_huge_page > MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES)) { clear_gigantic_page(page, addr, pages_per_huge_page); return; } process_huge_page(addr_hint, pages_per_huge_page, clear_subpage, page); } static void copy_user_gigantic_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { int i; struct page *dst_base = dst; struct page *src_base = src; for (i = 0; i < pages_per_huge_page; ) { cond_resched(); copy_user_highpage(dst, src, addr + i*PAGE_SIZE, vma); i++; dst = mem_map_next(dst, dst_base, i); src = mem_map_next(src, src_base, i); } } struct copy_subpage_arg { struct page *dst; struct page *src; struct vm_area_struct *vma; }; static void copy_subpage(unsigned long addr, int idx, void *arg) { struct copy_subpage_arg *copy_arg = arg; copy_user_highpage(copy_arg->dst + idx, copy_arg->src + idx, addr, copy_arg->vma); } void copy_user_huge_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, unsigned long addr_hint, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { unsigned long addr = addr_hint & ~(((unsigned long)pages_per_huge_page << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1); struct copy_subpage_arg arg = { .dst = dst, .src = src, .vma = vma, }; if (unlikely(pages_per_huge_page > MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES)) { copy_user_gigantic_page(dst, src, addr, vma, pages_per_huge_page); return; } process_huge_page(addr_hint, pages_per_huge_page, copy_subpage, &arg); } long copy_huge_page_from_user(struct page *dst_page, const void __user *usr_src, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page, bool allow_pagefault) { void *src = (void *)usr_src; void *page_kaddr; unsigned long i, rc = 0; unsigned long ret_val = pages_per_huge_page * PAGE_SIZE; struct page *subpage = dst_page; for (i = 0; i < pages_per_huge_page; i++, subpage = mem_map_next(subpage, dst_page, i)) { if (allow_pagefault) page_kaddr = kmap(subpage); else page_kaddr = kmap_atomic(subpage); rc = copy_from_user(page_kaddr, (const void __user *)(src + i * PAGE_SIZE), PAGE_SIZE); if (allow_pagefault) kunmap(subpage); else kunmap_atomic(page_kaddr); ret_val -= (PAGE_SIZE - rc); if (rc) break; cond_resched(); } return ret_val; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE || CONFIG_HUGETLBFS */ #if USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS && ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS static struct kmem_cache *page_ptl_cachep; void __init ptlock_cache_init(void) { page_ptl_cachep = kmem_cache_create("page->ptl", sizeof(spinlock_t), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); } bool ptlock_alloc(struct page *page) { spinlock_t *ptl; ptl = kmem_cache_alloc(page_ptl_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (!ptl) return false; page->ptl = ptl; return true; } void ptlock_free(struct page *page) { kmem_cache_free(page_ptl_cachep, page->ptl); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_JIFFIES_H #define _LINUX_JIFFIES_H #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/limits.h> #include <linux/math64.h> #include <linux/minmax.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/timex.h> #include <vdso/jiffies.h> #include <asm/param.h> /* for HZ */ #include <generated/timeconst.h> /* * The following defines establish the engineering parameters of the PLL * model. The HZ variable establishes the timer interrupt frequency, 100 Hz * for the SunOS kernel, 256 Hz for the Ultrix kernel and 1024 Hz for the * OSF/1 kernel. The SHIFT_HZ define expresses the same value as the * nearest power of two in order to avoid hardware multiply operations. */ #if HZ >= 12 && HZ < 24 # define SHIFT_HZ 4 #elif HZ >= 24 && HZ < 48 # define SHIFT_HZ 5 #elif HZ >= 48 && HZ < 96 # define SHIFT_HZ 6 #elif HZ >= 96 && HZ < 192 # define SHIFT_HZ 7 #elif HZ >= 192 && HZ < 384 # define SHIFT_HZ 8 #elif HZ >= 384 && HZ < 768 # define SHIFT_HZ 9 #elif HZ >= 768 && HZ < 1536 # define SHIFT_HZ 10 #elif HZ >= 1536 && HZ < 3072 # define SHIFT_HZ 11 #elif HZ >= 3072 && HZ < 6144 # define SHIFT_HZ 12 #elif HZ >= 6144 && HZ < 12288 # define SHIFT_HZ 13 #else # error Invalid value of HZ. #endif /* Suppose we want to divide two numbers NOM and DEN: NOM/DEN, then we can * improve accuracy by shifting LSH bits, hence calculating: * (NOM << LSH) / DEN * This however means trouble for large NOM, because (NOM << LSH) may no * longer fit in 32 bits. The following way of calculating this gives us * some slack, under the following conditions: * - (NOM / DEN) fits in (32 - LSH) bits. * - (NOM % DEN) fits in (32 - LSH) bits. */ #define SH_DIV(NOM,DEN,LSH) ( (((NOM) / (DEN)) << (LSH)) \ + ((((NOM) % (DEN)) << (LSH)) + (DEN) / 2) / (DEN)) /* LATCH is used in the interval timer and ftape setup. */ #define LATCH ((CLOCK_TICK_RATE + HZ/2) / HZ) /* For divider */ extern int register_refined_jiffies(long clock_tick_rate); /* TICK_USEC is the time between ticks in usec assuming SHIFTED_HZ */ #define TICK_USEC ((USEC_PER_SEC + HZ/2) / HZ) /* USER_TICK_USEC is the time between ticks in usec assuming fake USER_HZ */ #define USER_TICK_USEC ((1000000UL + USER_HZ/2) / USER_HZ) #ifndef __jiffy_arch_data #define __jiffy_arch_data #endif /* * The 64-bit value is not atomic - you MUST NOT read it * without sampling the sequence number in jiffies_lock. * get_jiffies_64() will do this for you as appropriate. */ extern u64 __cacheline_aligned_in_smp jiffies_64; extern unsigned long volatile __cacheline_aligned_in_smp __jiffy_arch_data jiffies; #if (BITS_PER_LONG < 64) u64 get_jiffies_64(void); #else static inline u64 get_jiffies_64(void) { return (u64)jiffies; } #endif /* * These inlines deal with timer wrapping correctly. You are * strongly encouraged to use them * 1. Because people otherwise forget * 2. Because if the timer wrap changes in future you won't have to * alter your driver code. * * time_after(a,b) returns true if the time a is after time b. * * Do this with "<0" and ">=0" to only test the sign of the result. A * good compiler would generate better code (and a really good compiler * wouldn't care). Gcc is currently neither. */ #define time_after(a,b) \ (typecheck(unsigned long, a) && \ typecheck(unsigned long, b) && \ ((long)((b) - (a)) < 0)) #define time_before(a,b) time_after(b,a) #define time_after_eq(a,b) \ (typecheck(unsigned long, a) && \ typecheck(unsigned long, b) && \ ((long)((a) - (b)) >= 0)) #define time_before_eq(a,b) time_after_eq(b,a) /* * Calculate whether a is in the range of [b, c]. */ #define time_in_range(a,b,c) \ (time_after_eq(a,b) && \ time_before_eq(a,c)) /* * Calculate whether a is in the range of [b, c). */ #define time_in_range_open(a,b,c) \ (time_after_eq(a,b) && \ time_before(a,c)) /* Same as above, but does so with platform independent 64bit types. * These must be used when utilizing jiffies_64 (i.e. return value of * get_jiffies_64() */ #define time_after64(a,b) \ (typecheck(__u64, a) && \ typecheck(__u64, b) && \ ((__s64)((b) - (a)) < 0)) #define time_before64(a,b) time_after64(b,a) #define time_after_eq64(a,b) \ (typecheck(__u64, a) && \ typecheck(__u64, b) && \ ((__s64)((a) - (b)) >= 0)) #define time_before_eq64(a,b) time_after_eq64(b,a) #define time_in_range64(a, b, c) \ (time_after_eq64(a, b) && \ time_before_eq64(a, c)) /* * These four macros compare jiffies and 'a' for convenience. */ /* time_is_before_jiffies(a) return true if a is before jiffies */ #define time_is_before_jiffies(a) time_after(jiffies, a) #define time_is_before_jiffies64(a) time_after64(get_jiffies_64(), a) /* time_is_after_jiffies(a) return true if a is after jiffies */ #define time_is_after_jiffies(a) time_before(jiffies, a) #define time_is_after_jiffies64(a) time_before64(get_jiffies_64(), a) /* time_is_before_eq_jiffies(a) return true if a is before or equal to jiffies*/ #define time_is_before_eq_jiffies(a) time_after_eq(jiffies, a) #define time_is_before_eq_jiffies64(a) time_after_eq64(get_jiffies_64(), a) /* time_is_after_eq_jiffies(a) return true if a is after or equal to jiffies*/ #define time_is_after_eq_jiffies(a) time_before_eq(jiffies, a) #define time_is_after_eq_jiffies64(a) time_before_eq64(get_jiffies_64(), a) /* * Have the 32 bit jiffies value wrap 5 minutes after boot * so jiffies wrap bugs show up earlier. */ #define INITIAL_JIFFIES ((unsigned long)(unsigned int) (-300*HZ)) /* * Change timeval to jiffies, trying to avoid the * most obvious overflows.. * * And some not so obvious. * * Note that we don't want to return LONG_MAX, because * for various timeout reasons we often end up having * to wait "jiffies+1" in order to guarantee that we wait * at _least_ "jiffies" - so "jiffies+1" had better still * be positive. */ #define MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET ((LONG_MAX >> 1)-1) extern unsigned long preset_lpj; /* * We want to do realistic conversions of time so we need to use the same * values the update wall clock code uses as the jiffies size. This value * is: TICK_NSEC (which is defined in timex.h). This * is a constant and is in nanoseconds. We will use scaled math * with a set of scales defined here as SEC_JIFFIE_SC, USEC_JIFFIE_SC and * NSEC_JIFFIE_SC. Note that these defines contain nothing but * constants and so are computed at compile time. SHIFT_HZ (computed in * timex.h) adjusts the scaling for different HZ values. * Scaled math??? What is that? * * Scaled math is a way to do integer math on values that would, * otherwise, either overflow, underflow, or cause undesired div * instructions to appear in the execution path. In short, we "scale" * up the operands so they take more bits (more precision, less * underflow), do the desired operation and then "scale" the result back * by the same amount. If we do the scaling by shifting we avoid the * costly mpy and the dastardly div instructions. * Suppose, for example, we want to convert from seconds to jiffies * where jiffies is defined in nanoseconds as NSEC_PER_JIFFIE. The * simple math is: jiff = (sec * NSEC_PER_SEC) / NSEC_PER_JIFFIE; We * observe that (NSEC_PER_SEC / NSEC_PER_JIFFIE) is a constant which we * might calculate at compile time, however, the result will only have * about 3-4 bits of precision (less for smaller values of HZ). * * So, we scale as follows: * jiff = (sec) * (NSEC_PER_SEC / NSEC_PER_JIFFIE); * jiff = ((sec) * ((NSEC_PER_SEC * SCALE)/ NSEC_PER_JIFFIE)) / SCALE; * Then we make SCALE a power of two so: * jiff = ((sec) * ((NSEC_PER_SEC << SCALE)/ NSEC_PER_JIFFIE)) >> SCALE; * Now we define: * #define SEC_CONV = ((NSEC_PER_SEC << SCALE)/ NSEC_PER_JIFFIE)) * jiff = (sec * SEC_CONV) >> SCALE; * * Often the math we use will expand beyond 32-bits so we tell C how to * do this and pass the 64-bit result of the mpy through the ">> SCALE" * which should take the result back to 32-bits. We want this expansion * to capture as much precision as possible. At the same time we don't * want to overflow so we pick the SCALE to avoid this. In this file, * that means using a different scale for each range of HZ values (as * defined in timex.h). * * For those who want to know, gcc will give a 64-bit result from a "*" * operator if the result is a long long AND at least one of the * operands is cast to long long (usually just prior to the "*" so as * not to confuse it into thinking it really has a 64-bit operand, * which, buy the way, it can do, but it takes more code and at least 2 * mpys). * We also need to be aware that one second in nanoseconds is only a * couple of bits away from overflowing a 32-bit word, so we MUST use * 64-bits to get the full range time in nanoseconds. */ /* * Here are the scales we will use. One for seconds, nanoseconds and * microseconds. * * Within the limits of cpp we do a rough cut at the SEC_JIFFIE_SC and * check if the sign bit is set. If not, we bump the shift count by 1. * (Gets an extra bit of precision where we can use it.) * We know it is set for HZ = 1024 and HZ = 100 not for 1000. * Haven't tested others. * Limits of cpp (for #if expressions) only long (no long long), but * then we only need the most signicant bit. */ #define SEC_JIFFIE_SC (31 - SHIFT_HZ) #if !((((NSEC_PER_SEC << 2) / TICK_NSEC) << (SEC_JIFFIE_SC - 2)) & 0x80000000) #undef SEC_JIFFIE_SC #define SEC_JIFFIE_SC (32 - SHIFT_HZ) #endif #define NSEC_JIFFIE_SC (SEC_JIFFIE_SC + 29) #define SEC_CONVERSION ((unsigned long)((((u64)NSEC_PER_SEC << SEC_JIFFIE_SC) +\ TICK_NSEC -1) / (u64)TICK_NSEC)) #define NSEC_CONVERSION ((unsigned long)((((u64)1 << NSEC_JIFFIE_SC) +\ TICK_NSEC -1) / (u64)TICK_NSEC)) /* * The maximum jiffie value is (MAX_INT >> 1). Here we translate that * into seconds. The 64-bit case will overflow if we are not careful, * so use the messy SH_DIV macro to do it. Still all constants. */ #if BITS_PER_LONG < 64 # define MAX_SEC_IN_JIFFIES \ (long)((u64)((u64)MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET * TICK_NSEC) / NSEC_PER_SEC) #else /* take care of overflow on 64 bits machines */ # define MAX_SEC_IN_JIFFIES \ (SH_DIV((MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET >> SEC_JIFFIE_SC) * TICK_NSEC, NSEC_PER_SEC, 1) - 1) #endif /* * Convert various time units to each other: */ extern unsigned int jiffies_to_msecs(const unsigned long j); extern unsigned int jiffies_to_usecs(const unsigned long j); static inline u64 jiffies_to_nsecs(const unsigned long j) { return (u64)jiffies_to_usecs(j) * NSEC_PER_USEC; } extern u64 jiffies64_to_nsecs(u64 j); extern u64 jiffies64_to_msecs(u64 j); extern unsigned long __msecs_to_jiffies(const unsigned int m); #if HZ <= MSEC_PER_SEC && !(MSEC_PER_SEC % HZ) /* * HZ is equal to or smaller than 1000, and 1000 is a nice round * multiple of HZ, divide with the factor between them, but round * upwards: */ static inline unsigned long _msecs_to_jiffies(const unsigned int m) { return (m + (MSEC_PER_SEC / HZ) - 1) / (MSEC_PER_SEC / HZ); } #elif HZ > MSEC_PER_SEC && !(HZ % MSEC_PER_SEC) /* * HZ is larger than 1000, and HZ is a nice round multiple of 1000 - * simply multiply with the factor between them. * * But first make sure the multiplication result cannot overflow: */ static inline unsigned long _msecs_to_jiffies(const unsigned int m) { if (m > jiffies_to_msecs(MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET)) return MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET; return m * (HZ / MSEC_PER_SEC); } #else /* * Generic case - multiply, round and divide. But first check that if * we are doing a net multiplication, that we wouldn't overflow: */ static inline unsigned long _msecs_to_jiffies(const unsigned int m) { if (HZ > MSEC_PER_SEC && m > jiffies_to_msecs(MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET)) return MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET; return (MSEC_TO_HZ_MUL32 * m + MSEC_TO_HZ_ADJ32) >> MSEC_TO_HZ_SHR32; } #endif /** * msecs_to_jiffies: - convert milliseconds to jiffies * @m: time in milliseconds * * conversion is done as follows: * * - negative values mean 'infinite timeout' (MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET) * * - 'too large' values [that would result in larger than * MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET values] mean 'infinite timeout' too. * * - all other values are converted to jiffies by either multiplying * the input value by a factor or dividing it with a factor and * handling any 32-bit overflows. * for the details see __msecs_to_jiffies() * * msecs_to_jiffies() checks for the passed in value being a constant * via __builtin_constant_p() allowing gcc to eliminate most of the * code, __msecs_to_jiffies() is called if the value passed does not * allow constant folding and the actual conversion must be done at * runtime. * the HZ range specific helpers _msecs_to_jiffies() are called both * directly here and from __msecs_to_jiffies() in the case where * constant folding is not possible. */ static __always_inline unsigned long msecs_to_jiffies(const unsigned int m) { if (__builtin_constant_p(m)) { if ((int)m < 0) return MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET; return _msecs_to_jiffies(m); } else { return __msecs_to_jiffies(m); } } extern unsigned long __usecs_to_jiffies(const unsigned int u); #if !(USEC_PER_SEC % HZ) static inline unsigned long _usecs_to_jiffies(const unsigned int u) { return (u + (USEC_PER_SEC / HZ) - 1) / (USEC_PER_SEC / HZ); } #else static inline unsigned long _usecs_to_jiffies(const unsigned int u) { return (USEC_TO_HZ_MUL32 * u + USEC_TO_HZ_ADJ32) >> USEC_TO_HZ_SHR32; } #endif /** * usecs_to_jiffies: - convert microseconds to jiffies * @u: time in microseconds * * conversion is done as follows: * * - 'too large' values [that would result in larger than * MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET values] mean 'infinite timeout' too. * * - all other values are converted to jiffies by either multiplying * the input value by a factor or dividing it with a factor and * handling any 32-bit overflows as for msecs_to_jiffies. * * usecs_to_jiffies() checks for the passed in value being a constant * via __builtin_constant_p() allowing gcc to eliminate most of the * code, __usecs_to_jiffies() is called if the value passed does not * allow constant folding and the actual conversion must be done at * runtime. * the HZ range specific helpers _usecs_to_jiffies() are called both * directly here and from __msecs_to_jiffies() in the case where * constant folding is not possible. */ static __always_inline unsigned long usecs_to_jiffies(const unsigned int u) { if (__builtin_constant_p(u)) { if (u > jiffies_to_usecs(MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET)) return MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET; return _usecs_to_jiffies(u); } else { return __usecs_to_jiffies(u); } } extern unsigned long timespec64_to_jiffies(const struct timespec64 *value); extern void jiffies_to_timespec64(const unsigned long jiffies, struct timespec64 *value); extern clock_t jiffies_to_clock_t(unsigned long x); static inline clock_t jiffies_delta_to_clock_t(long delta) { return jiffies_to_clock_t(max(0L, delta)); } static inline unsigned int jiffies_delta_to_msecs(long delta) { return jiffies_to_msecs(max(0L, delta)); } extern unsigned long clock_t_to_jiffies(unsigned long x); extern u64 jiffies_64_to_clock_t(u64 x); extern u64 nsec_to_clock_t(u64 x); extern u64 nsecs_to_jiffies64(u64 n); extern unsigned long nsecs_to_jiffies(u64 n); #define TIMESTAMP_SIZE 30 #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Cryptographic API. * * Copyright (c) 2002 James Morris <jmorris@intercode.com.au> * Copyright (c) 2005 Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au> */ #ifndef _CRYPTO_INTERNAL_H #define _CRYPTO_INTERNAL_H #include <crypto/algapi.h> #include <linux/completion.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/notifier.h> #include <linux/numa.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/types.h> struct crypto_instance; struct crypto_template; struct crypto_larval { struct crypto_alg alg; struct crypto_alg *adult; struct completion completion; u32 mask; }; extern struct list_head crypto_alg_list; extern struct rw_semaphore crypto_alg_sem; extern struct blocking_notifier_head crypto_chain; #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS void __init crypto_init_proc(void); void __exit crypto_exit_proc(void); #else static inline void crypto_init_proc(void) { } static inline void crypto_exit_proc(void) { } #endif static inline unsigned int crypto_cipher_ctxsize(struct crypto_alg *alg) { return alg->cra_ctxsize; } static inline unsigned int crypto_compress_ctxsize(struct crypto_alg *alg) { return alg->cra_ctxsize; } struct crypto_alg *crypto_mod_get(struct crypto_alg *alg); struct crypto_alg *crypto_alg_mod_lookup(const char *name, u32 type, u32 mask); struct crypto_larval *crypto_larval_alloc(const char *name, u32 type, u32 mask); void crypto_larval_kill(struct crypto_alg *alg); void crypto_alg_tested(const char *name, int err); void crypto_remove_spawns(struct crypto_alg *alg, struct list_head *list, struct crypto_alg *nalg); void crypto_remove_final(struct list_head *list); void crypto_shoot_alg(struct crypto_alg *alg); struct crypto_tfm *__crypto_alloc_tfm(struct crypto_alg *alg, u32 type, u32 mask); void *crypto_create_tfm_node(struct crypto_alg *alg, const struct crypto_type *frontend, int node); static inline void *crypto_create_tfm(struct crypto_alg *alg, const struct crypto_type *frontend) { return crypto_create_tfm_node(alg, frontend, NUMA_NO_NODE); } struct crypto_alg *crypto_find_alg(const char *alg_name, const struct crypto_type *frontend, u32 type, u32 mask); void *crypto_alloc_tfm_node(const char *alg_name, const struct crypto_type *frontend, u32 type, u32 mask, int node); static inline void *crypto_alloc_tfm(const char *alg_name, const struct crypto_type *frontend, u32 type, u32 mask) { return crypto_alloc_tfm_node(alg_name, frontend, type, mask, NUMA_NO_NODE); } int crypto_probing_notify(unsigned long val, void *v); unsigned int crypto_alg_extsize(struct crypto_alg *alg); int crypto_type_has_alg(const char *name, const struct crypto_type *frontend, u32 type, u32 mask); static inline struct crypto_alg *crypto_alg_get(struct crypto_alg *alg) { refcount_inc(&alg->cra_refcnt); return alg; } static inline void crypto_alg_put(struct crypto_alg *alg) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&alg->cra_refcnt) && alg->cra_destroy) alg->cra_destroy(alg); } static inline int crypto_tmpl_get(struct crypto_template *tmpl) { return try_module_get(tmpl->module); } static inline void crypto_tmpl_put(struct crypto_template *tmpl) { module_put(tmpl->module); } static inline int crypto_is_larval(struct crypto_alg *alg) { return alg->cra_flags & CRYPTO_ALG_LARVAL; } static inline int crypto_is_dead(struct crypto_alg *alg) { return alg->cra_flags & CRYPTO_ALG_DEAD; } static inline int crypto_is_moribund(struct crypto_alg *alg) { return alg->cra_flags & (CRYPTO_ALG_DEAD | CRYPTO_ALG_DYING); } static inline void crypto_notify(unsigned long val, void *v) { blocking_notifier_call_chain(&crypto_chain, val, v); } static inline void crypto_yield(u32 flags) { if (flags & CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_SLEEP) cond_resched(); } #endif /* _CRYPTO_INTERNAL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM power #if !defined(_TRACE_POWER_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_POWER_H #include <linux/cpufreq.h> #include <linux/ktime.h> #include <linux/pm_qos.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <linux/trace_events.h> #define TPS(x) tracepoint_string(x) DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(cpu, TP_PROTO(unsigned int state, unsigned int cpu_id), TP_ARGS(state, cpu_id), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( u32, state ) __field( u32, cpu_id ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->state = state; __entry->cpu_id = cpu_id; ), TP_printk("state=%lu cpu_id=%lu", (unsigned long)__entry->state, (unsigned long)__entry->cpu_id) ); DEFINE_EVENT(cpu, cpu_idle, TP_PROTO(unsigned int state, unsigned int cpu_id), TP_ARGS(state, cpu_id) ); TRACE_EVENT(powernv_throttle, TP_PROTO(int chip_id, const char *reason, int pmax), TP_ARGS(chip_id, reason, pmax), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, chip_id) __string(reason, reason) __field(int, pmax) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->chip_id = chip_id; __assign_str(reason, reason); __entry->pmax = pmax; ), TP_printk("Chip %d Pmax %d %s", __entry->chip_id, __entry->pmax, __get_str(reason)) ); TRACE_EVENT(pstate_sample, TP_PROTO(u32 core_busy, u32 scaled_busy, u32 from, u32 to, u64 mperf, u64 aperf, u64 tsc, u32 freq, u32 io_boost ), TP_ARGS(core_busy, scaled_busy, from, to, mperf, aperf, tsc, freq, io_boost ), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(u32, core_busy) __field(u32, scaled_busy) __field(u32, from) __field(u32, to) __field(u64, mperf) __field(u64, aperf) __field(u64, tsc) __field(u32, freq) __field(u32, io_boost) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->core_busy = core_busy; __entry->scaled_busy = scaled_busy; __entry->from = from; __entry->to = to; __entry->mperf = mperf; __entry->aperf = aperf; __entry->tsc = tsc; __entry->freq = freq; __entry->io_boost = io_boost; ), TP_printk("core_busy=%lu scaled=%lu from=%lu to=%lu mperf=%llu aperf=%llu tsc=%llu freq=%lu io_boost=%lu", (unsigned long)__entry->core_busy, (unsigned long)__entry->scaled_busy, (unsigned long)__entry->from, (unsigned long)__entry->to, (unsigned long long)__entry->mperf, (unsigned long long)__entry->aperf, (unsigned long long)__entry->tsc, (unsigned long)__entry->freq, (unsigned long)__entry->io_boost ) ); /* This file can get included multiple times, TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ at top */ #ifndef _PWR_EVENT_AVOID_DOUBLE_DEFINING #define _PWR_EVENT_AVOID_DOUBLE_DEFINING #define PWR_EVENT_EXIT -1 #endif #define pm_verb_symbolic(event) \ __print_symbolic(event, \ { PM_EVENT_SUSPEND, "suspend" }, \ { PM_EVENT_RESUME, "resume" }, \ { PM_EVENT_FREEZE, "freeze" }, \ { PM_EVENT_QUIESCE, "quiesce" }, \ { PM_EVENT_HIBERNATE, "hibernate" }, \ { PM_EVENT_THAW, "thaw" }, \ { PM_EVENT_RESTORE, "restore" }, \ { PM_EVENT_RECOVER, "recover" }) DEFINE_EVENT(cpu, cpu_frequency, TP_PROTO(unsigned int frequency, unsigned int cpu_id), TP_ARGS(frequency, cpu_id) ); TRACE_EVENT(cpu_frequency_limits, TP_PROTO(struct cpufreq_policy *policy), TP_ARGS(policy), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(u32, min_freq) __field(u32, max_freq) __field(u32, cpu_id) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->min_freq = policy->min; __entry->max_freq = policy->max; __entry->cpu_id = policy->cpu; ), TP_printk("min=%lu max=%lu cpu_id=%lu", (unsigned long)__entry->min_freq, (unsigned long)__entry->max_freq, (unsigned long)__entry->cpu_id) ); TRACE_EVENT(device_pm_callback_start, TP_PROTO(struct device *dev, const char *pm_ops, int event), TP_ARGS(dev, pm_ops, event), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string(device, dev_name(dev)) __string(driver, dev_driver_string(dev)) __string(parent, dev->parent ? dev_name(dev->parent) : "none") __string(pm_ops, pm_ops ? pm_ops : "none ") __field(int, event) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(device, dev_name(dev)); __assign_str(driver, dev_driver_string(dev)); __assign_str(parent, dev->parent ? dev_name(dev->parent) : "none"); __assign_str(pm_ops, pm_ops ? pm_ops : "none "); __entry->event = event; ), TP_printk("%s %s, parent: %s, %s[%s]", __get_str(driver), __get_str(device), __get_str(parent), __get_str(pm_ops), pm_verb_symbolic(__entry->event)) ); TRACE_EVENT(device_pm_callback_end, TP_PROTO(struct device *dev, int error), TP_ARGS(dev, error), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string(device, dev_name(dev)) __string(driver, dev_driver_string(dev)) __field(int, error) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(device, dev_name(dev)); __assign_str(driver, dev_driver_string(dev)); __entry->error = error; ), TP_printk("%s %s, err=%d", __get_str(driver), __get_str(device), __entry->error) ); TRACE_EVENT(suspend_resume, TP_PROTO(const char *action, int val, bool start), TP_ARGS(action, val, start), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(const char *, action) __field(int, val) __field(bool, start) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->action = action; __entry->val = val; __entry->start = start; ), TP_printk("%s[%u] %s", __entry->action, (unsigned int)__entry->val, (__entry->start)?"begin":"end") ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(wakeup_source, TP_PROTO(const char *name, unsigned int state), TP_ARGS(name, state), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( name, name ) __field( u64, state ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(name, name); __entry->state = state; ), TP_printk("%s state=0x%lx", __get_str(name), (unsigned long)__entry->state) ); DEFINE_EVENT(wakeup_source, wakeup_source_activate, TP_PROTO(const char *name, unsigned int state), TP_ARGS(name, state) ); DEFINE_EVENT(wakeup_source, wakeup_source_deactivate, TP_PROTO(const char *name, unsigned int state), TP_ARGS(name, state) ); /* * The clock events are used for clock enable/disable and for * clock rate change */ DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(clock, TP_PROTO(const char *name, unsigned int state, unsigned int cpu_id), TP_ARGS(name, state, cpu_id), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( name, name ) __field( u64, state ) __field( u64, cpu_id ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(name, name); __entry->state = state; __entry->cpu_id = cpu_id; ), TP_printk("%s state=%lu cpu_id=%lu", __get_str(name), (unsigned long)__entry->state, (unsigned long)__entry->cpu_id) ); DEFINE_EVENT(clock, clock_enable, TP_PROTO(const char *name, unsigned int state, unsigned int cpu_id), TP_ARGS(name, state, cpu_id) ); DEFINE_EVENT(clock, clock_disable, TP_PROTO(const char *name, unsigned int state, unsigned int cpu_id), TP_ARGS(name, state, cpu_id) ); DEFINE_EVENT(clock, clock_set_rate, TP_PROTO(const char *name, unsigned int state, unsigned int cpu_id), TP_ARGS(name, state, cpu_id) ); /* * The power domain events are used for power domains transitions */ DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(power_domain, TP_PROTO(const char *name, unsigned int state, unsigned int cpu_id), TP_ARGS(name, state, cpu_id), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( name, name ) __field( u64, state ) __field( u64, cpu_id ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(name, name); __entry->state = state; __entry->cpu_id = cpu_id; ), TP_printk("%s state=%lu cpu_id=%lu", __get_str(name), (unsigned long)__entry->state, (unsigned long)__entry->cpu_id) ); DEFINE_EVENT(power_domain, power_domain_target, TP_PROTO(const char *name, unsigned int state, unsigned int cpu_id), TP_ARGS(name, state, cpu_id) ); /* * CPU latency QoS events used for global CPU latency QoS list updates */ DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(cpu_latency_qos_request, TP_PROTO(s32 value), TP_ARGS(value), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( s32, value ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->value = value; ), TP_printk("CPU_DMA_LATENCY value=%d", __entry->value) ); DEFINE_EVENT(cpu_latency_qos_request, pm_qos_add_request, TP_PROTO(s32 value), TP_ARGS(value) ); DEFINE_EVENT(cpu_latency_qos_request, pm_qos_update_request, TP_PROTO(s32 value), TP_ARGS(value) ); DEFINE_EVENT(cpu_latency_qos_request, pm_qos_remove_request, TP_PROTO(s32 value), TP_ARGS(value) ); /* * General PM QoS events used for updates of PM QoS request lists */ DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(pm_qos_update, TP_PROTO(enum pm_qos_req_action action, int prev_value, int curr_value), TP_ARGS(action, prev_value, curr_value), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( enum pm_qos_req_action, action ) __field( int, prev_value ) __field( int, curr_value ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->action = action; __entry->prev_value = prev_value; __entry->curr_value = curr_value; ), TP_printk("action=%s prev_value=%d curr_value=%d", __print_symbolic(__entry->action, { PM_QOS_ADD_REQ, "ADD_REQ" }, { PM_QOS_UPDATE_REQ, "UPDATE_REQ" }, { PM_QOS_REMOVE_REQ, "REMOVE_REQ" }), __entry->prev_value, __entry->curr_value) ); DEFINE_EVENT(pm_qos_update, pm_qos_update_target, TP_PROTO(enum pm_qos_req_action action, int prev_value, int curr_value), TP_ARGS(action, prev_value, curr_value) ); DEFINE_EVENT_PRINT(pm_qos_update, pm_qos_update_flags, TP_PROTO(enum pm_qos_req_action action, int prev_value, int curr_value), TP_ARGS(action, prev_value, curr_value), TP_printk("action=%s prev_value=0x%x curr_value=0x%x", __print_symbolic(__entry->action, { PM_QOS_ADD_REQ, "ADD_REQ" }, { PM_QOS_UPDATE_REQ, "UPDATE_REQ" }, { PM_QOS_REMOVE_REQ, "REMOVE_REQ" }), __entry->prev_value, __entry->curr_value) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(dev_pm_qos_request, TP_PROTO(const char *name, enum dev_pm_qos_req_type type, s32 new_value), TP_ARGS(name, type, new_value), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( name, name ) __field( enum dev_pm_qos_req_type, type ) __field( s32, new_value ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(name, name); __entry->type = type; __entry->new_value = new_value; ), TP_printk("device=%s type=%s new_value=%d", __get_str(name), __print_symbolic(__entry->type, { DEV_PM_QOS_RESUME_LATENCY, "DEV_PM_QOS_RESUME_LATENCY" }, { DEV_PM_QOS_FLAGS, "DEV_PM_QOS_FLAGS" }), __entry->new_value) ); DEFINE_EVENT(dev_pm_qos_request, dev_pm_qos_add_request, TP_PROTO(const char *name, enum dev_pm_qos_req_type type, s32 new_value), TP_ARGS(name, type, new_value) ); DEFINE_EVENT(dev_pm_qos_request, dev_pm_qos_update_request, TP_PROTO(const char *name, enum dev_pm_qos_req_type type, s32 new_value), TP_ARGS(name, type, new_value) ); DEFINE_EVENT(dev_pm_qos_request, dev_pm_qos_remove_request, TP_PROTO(const char *name, enum dev_pm_qos_req_type type, s32 new_value), TP_ARGS(name, type, new_value) ); #endif /* _TRACE_POWER_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * An interface between IEEE802.15.4 device and rest of the kernel. * * Copyright (C) 2007-2012 Siemens AG * * Written by: * Pavel Smolenskiy <pavel.smolenskiy@gmail.com> * Maxim Gorbachyov <maxim.gorbachev@siemens.com> * Maxim Osipov <maxim.osipov@siemens.com> * Dmitry Eremin-Solenikov <dbaryshkov@gmail.com> * Alexander Smirnov <alex.bluesman.smirnov@gmail.com> */ #ifndef IEEE802154_NETDEVICE_H #define IEEE802154_NETDEVICE_H #include <net/af_ieee802154.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/ieee802154.h> #include <net/cfg802154.h> struct ieee802154_sechdr { #if defined(__LITTLE_ENDIAN_BITFIELD) u8 level:3, key_id_mode:2, reserved:3; #elif defined(__BIG_ENDIAN_BITFIELD) u8 reserved:3, key_id_mode:2, level:3; #else #error "Please fix <asm/byteorder.h>" #endif u8 key_id; __le32 frame_counter; union { __le32 short_src; __le64 extended_src; }; }; struct ieee802154_hdr_fc { #if defined(__LITTLE_ENDIAN_BITFIELD) u16 type:3, security_enabled:1, frame_pending:1, ack_request:1, intra_pan:1, reserved:3, dest_addr_mode:2, version:2, source_addr_mode:2; #elif defined(__BIG_ENDIAN_BITFIELD) u16 reserved:1, intra_pan:1, ack_request:1, frame_pending:1, security_enabled:1, type:3, source_addr_mode:2, version:2, dest_addr_mode:2, reserved2:2; #else #error "Please fix <asm/byteorder.h>" #endif }; struct ieee802154_hdr { struct ieee802154_hdr_fc fc; u8 seq; struct ieee802154_addr source; struct ieee802154_addr dest; struct ieee802154_sechdr sec; }; /* pushes hdr onto the skb. fields of hdr->fc that can be calculated from * the contents of hdr will be, and the actual value of those bits in * hdr->fc will be ignored. this includes the INTRA_PAN bit and the frame * version, if SECEN is set. */ int ieee802154_hdr_push(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ieee802154_hdr *hdr); /* pulls the entire 802.15.4 header off of the skb, including the security * header, and performs pan id decompression */ int ieee802154_hdr_pull(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ieee802154_hdr *hdr); /* parses the frame control, sequence number of address fields in a given skb * and stores them into hdr, performing pan id decompression and length checks * to be suitable for use in header_ops.parse */ int ieee802154_hdr_peek_addrs(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct ieee802154_hdr *hdr); /* parses the full 802.15.4 header a given skb and stores them into hdr, * performing pan id decompression and length checks to be suitable for use in * header_ops.parse */ int ieee802154_hdr_peek(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct ieee802154_hdr *hdr); int ieee802154_max_payload(const struct ieee802154_hdr *hdr); static inline int ieee802154_sechdr_authtag_len(const struct ieee802154_sechdr *sec) { switch (sec->level) { case IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_MIC32: case IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_ENC_MIC32: return 4; case IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_MIC64: case IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_ENC_MIC64: return 8; case IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_MIC128: case IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_ENC_MIC128: return 16; case IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_NONE: case IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_ENC: default: return 0; } } static inline int ieee802154_hdr_length(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct ieee802154_hdr hdr; int len = ieee802154_hdr_pull(skb, &hdr); if (len > 0) skb_push(skb, len); return len; } static inline bool ieee802154_addr_equal(const struct ieee802154_addr *a1, const struct ieee802154_addr *a2) { if (a1->pan_id != a2->pan_id || a1->mode != a2->mode) return false; if ((a1->mode == IEEE802154_ADDR_LONG && a1->extended_addr != a2->extended_addr) || (a1->mode == IEEE802154_ADDR_SHORT && a1->short_addr != a2->short_addr)) return false; return true; } static inline __le64 ieee802154_devaddr_from_raw(const void *raw) { u64 temp; memcpy(&temp, raw, IEEE802154_ADDR_LEN); return (__force __le64)swab64(temp); } static inline void ieee802154_devaddr_to_raw(void *raw, __le64 addr) { u64 temp = swab64((__force u64)addr); memcpy(raw, &temp, IEEE802154_ADDR_LEN); } static inline void ieee802154_addr_from_sa(struct ieee802154_addr *a, const struct ieee802154_addr_sa *sa) { a->mode = sa->addr_type; a->pan_id = cpu_to_le16(sa->pan_id); switch (a->mode) { case IEEE802154_ADDR_SHORT: a->short_addr = cpu_to_le16(sa->short_addr); break; case IEEE802154_ADDR_LONG: a->extended_addr = ieee802154_devaddr_from_raw(sa->hwaddr); break; } } static inline void ieee802154_addr_to_sa(struct ieee802154_addr_sa *sa, const struct ieee802154_addr *a) { sa->addr_type = a->mode; sa->pan_id = le16_to_cpu(a->pan_id); switch (a->mode) { case IEEE802154_ADDR_SHORT: sa->short_addr = le16_to_cpu(a->short_addr); break; case IEEE802154_ADDR_LONG: ieee802154_devaddr_to_raw(sa->hwaddr, a->extended_addr); break; } } /* * A control block of skb passed between the ARPHRD_IEEE802154 device * and other stack parts. */ struct ieee802154_mac_cb { u8 lqi; u8 type; bool ackreq; bool secen; bool secen_override; u8 seclevel; bool seclevel_override; struct ieee802154_addr source; struct ieee802154_addr dest; }; static inline struct ieee802154_mac_cb *mac_cb(struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct ieee802154_mac_cb *)skb->cb; } static inline struct ieee802154_mac_cb *mac_cb_init(struct sk_buff *skb) { BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct ieee802154_mac_cb) > sizeof(skb->cb)); memset(skb->cb, 0, sizeof(struct ieee802154_mac_cb)); return mac_cb(skb); } enum { IEEE802154_LLSEC_DEVKEY_IGNORE, IEEE802154_LLSEC_DEVKEY_RESTRICT, IEEE802154_LLSEC_DEVKEY_RECORD, __IEEE802154_LLSEC_DEVKEY_MAX, }; #define IEEE802154_MAC_SCAN_ED 0 #define IEEE802154_MAC_SCAN_ACTIVE 1 #define IEEE802154_MAC_SCAN_PASSIVE 2 #define IEEE802154_MAC_SCAN_ORPHAN 3 struct ieee802154_mac_params { s8 transmit_power; u8 min_be; u8 max_be; u8 csma_retries; s8 frame_retries; bool lbt; struct wpan_phy_cca cca; s32 cca_ed_level; }; struct wpan_phy; enum { IEEE802154_LLSEC_PARAM_ENABLED = BIT(0), IEEE802154_LLSEC_PARAM_FRAME_COUNTER = BIT(1), IEEE802154_LLSEC_PARAM_OUT_LEVEL = BIT(2), IEEE802154_LLSEC_PARAM_OUT_KEY = BIT(3), IEEE802154_LLSEC_PARAM_KEY_SOURCE = BIT(4), IEEE802154_LLSEC_PARAM_PAN_ID = BIT(5), IEEE802154_LLSEC_PARAM_HWADDR = BIT(6), IEEE802154_LLSEC_PARAM_COORD_HWADDR = BIT(7), IEEE802154_LLSEC_PARAM_COORD_SHORTADDR = BIT(8), }; struct ieee802154_llsec_ops { int (*get_params)(struct net_device *dev, struct ieee802154_llsec_params *params); int (*set_params)(struct net_device *dev, const struct ieee802154_llsec_params *params, int changed); int (*add_key)(struct net_device *dev, const struct ieee802154_llsec_key_id *id, const struct ieee802154_llsec_key *key); int (*del_key)(struct net_device *dev, const struct ieee802154_llsec_key_id *id); int (*add_dev)(struct net_device *dev, const struct ieee802154_llsec_device *llsec_dev); int (*del_dev)(struct net_device *dev, __le64 dev_addr); int (*add_devkey)(struct net_device *dev, __le64 device_addr, const struct ieee802154_llsec_device_key *key); int (*del_devkey)(struct net_device *dev, __le64 device_addr, const struct ieee802154_llsec_device_key *key); int (*add_seclevel)(struct net_device *dev, const struct ieee802154_llsec_seclevel *sl); int (*del_seclevel)(struct net_device *dev, const struct ieee802154_llsec_seclevel *sl); void (*lock_table)(struct net_device *dev); void (*get_table)(struct net_device *dev, struct ieee802154_llsec_table **t); void (*unlock_table)(struct net_device *dev); }; /* * This should be located at net_device->ml_priv * * get_phy should increment the reference counting on returned phy. * Use wpan_wpy_put to put that reference. */ struct ieee802154_mlme_ops { /* The following fields are optional (can be NULL). */ int (*assoc_req)(struct net_device *dev, struct ieee802154_addr *addr, u8 channel, u8 page, u8 cap); int (*assoc_resp)(struct net_device *dev, struct ieee802154_addr *addr, __le16 short_addr, u8 status); int (*disassoc_req)(struct net_device *dev, struct ieee802154_addr *addr, u8 reason); int (*start_req)(struct net_device *dev, struct ieee802154_addr *addr, u8 channel, u8 page, u8 bcn_ord, u8 sf_ord, u8 pan_coord, u8 blx, u8 coord_realign); int (*scan_req)(struct net_device *dev, u8 type, u32 channels, u8 page, u8 duration); int (*set_mac_params)(struct net_device *dev, const struct ieee802154_mac_params *params); void (*get_mac_params)(struct net_device *dev, struct ieee802154_mac_params *params); const struct ieee802154_llsec_ops *llsec; }; static inline struct ieee802154_mlme_ops * ieee802154_mlme_ops(const struct net_device *dev) { return dev->ml_priv; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Definitions of structures and functions for quota formats using trie */ #ifndef _LINUX_DQBLK_QTREE_H #define _LINUX_DQBLK_QTREE_H #include <linux/types.h> /* Numbers of blocks needed for updates - we count with the smallest * possible block size (1024) */ #define QTREE_INIT_ALLOC 4 #define QTREE_INIT_REWRITE 2 #define QTREE_DEL_ALLOC 0 #define QTREE_DEL_REWRITE 6 struct dquot; struct kqid; /* Operations */ struct qtree_fmt_operations { void (*mem2disk_dqblk)(void *disk, struct dquot *dquot); /* Convert given entry from in memory format to disk one */ void (*disk2mem_dqblk)(struct dquot *dquot, void *disk); /* Convert given entry from disk format to in memory one */ int (*is_id)(void *disk, struct dquot *dquot); /* Is this structure for given id? */ }; /* Inmemory copy of version specific information */ struct qtree_mem_dqinfo { struct super_block *dqi_sb; /* Sb quota is on */ int dqi_type; /* Quota type */ unsigned int dqi_blocks; /* # of blocks in quota file */ unsigned int dqi_free_blk; /* First block in list of free blocks */ unsigned int dqi_free_entry; /* First block with free entry */ unsigned int dqi_blocksize_bits; /* Block size of quota file */ unsigned int dqi_entry_size; /* Size of quota entry in quota file */ unsigned int dqi_usable_bs; /* Space usable in block for quota data */ unsigned int dqi_qtree_depth; /* Precomputed depth of quota tree */ const struct qtree_fmt_operations *dqi_ops; /* Operations for entry manipulation */ }; int qtree_write_dquot(struct qtree_mem_dqinfo *info, struct dquot *dquot); int qtree_read_dquot(struct qtree_mem_dqinfo *info, struct dquot *dquot); int qtree_delete_dquot(struct qtree_mem_dqinfo *info, struct dquot *dquot); int qtree_release_dquot(struct qtree_mem_dqinfo *info, struct dquot *dquot); int qtree_entry_unused(struct qtree_mem_dqinfo *info, char *disk); static inline int qtree_depth(struct qtree_mem_dqinfo *info) { unsigned int epb = info->dqi_usable_bs >> 2; unsigned long long entries = epb; int i; for (i = 1; entries < (1ULL << 32); i++) entries *= epb; return i; } int qtree_get_next_id(struct qtree_mem_dqinfo *info, struct kqid *qid); #endif /* _LINUX_DQBLK_QTREE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * memory buffer pool support */ #ifndef _LINUX_MEMPOOL_H #define _LINUX_MEMPOOL_H #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> struct kmem_cache; typedef void * (mempool_alloc_t)(gfp_t gfp_mask, void *pool_data); typedef void (mempool_free_t)(void *element, void *pool_data); typedef struct mempool_s { spinlock_t lock; int min_nr; /* nr of elements at *elements */ int curr_nr; /* Current nr of elements at *elements */ void **elements; void *pool_data; mempool_alloc_t *alloc; mempool_free_t *free; wait_queue_head_t wait; } mempool_t; static inline bool mempool_initialized(mempool_t *pool) { return pool->elements != NULL; } void mempool_exit(mempool_t *pool); int mempool_init_node(mempool_t *pool, int min_nr, mempool_alloc_t *alloc_fn, mempool_free_t *free_fn, void *pool_data, gfp_t gfp_mask, int node_id); int mempool_init(mempool_t *pool, int min_nr, mempool_alloc_t *alloc_fn, mempool_free_t *free_fn, void *pool_data); extern mempool_t *mempool_create(int min_nr, mempool_alloc_t *alloc_fn, mempool_free_t *free_fn, void *pool_data); extern mempool_t *mempool_create_node(int min_nr, mempool_alloc_t *alloc_fn, mempool_free_t *free_fn, void *pool_data, gfp_t gfp_mask, int nid); extern int mempool_resize(mempool_t *pool, int new_min_nr); extern void mempool_destroy(mempool_t *pool); extern void *mempool_alloc(mempool_t *pool, gfp_t gfp_mask) __malloc; extern void mempool_free(void *element, mempool_t *pool); /* * A mempool_alloc_t and mempool_free_t that get the memory from * a slab cache that is passed in through pool_data. * Note: the slab cache may not have a ctor function. */ void *mempool_alloc_slab(gfp_t gfp_mask, void *pool_data); void mempool_free_slab(void *element, void *pool_data); static inline int mempool_init_slab_pool(mempool_t *pool, int min_nr, struct kmem_cache *kc) { return mempool_init(pool, min_nr, mempool_alloc_slab, mempool_free_slab, (void *) kc); } static inline mempool_t * mempool_create_slab_pool(int min_nr, struct kmem_cache *kc) { return mempool_create(min_nr, mempool_alloc_slab, mempool_free_slab, (void *) kc); } /* * a mempool_alloc_t and a mempool_free_t to kmalloc and kfree the * amount of memory specified by pool_data */ void *mempool_kmalloc(gfp_t gfp_mask, void *pool_data); void mempool_kfree(void *element, void *pool_data); static inline int mempool_init_kmalloc_pool(mempool_t *pool, int min_nr, size_t size) { return mempool_init(pool, min_nr, mempool_kmalloc, mempool_kfree, (void *) size); } static inline mempool_t *mempool_create_kmalloc_pool(int min_nr, size_t size) { return mempool_create(min_nr, mempool_kmalloc, mempool_kfree, (void *) size); } /* * A mempool_alloc_t and mempool_free_t for a simple page allocator that * allocates pages of the order specified by pool_data */ void *mempool_alloc_pages(gfp_t gfp_mask, void *pool_data); void mempool_free_pages(void *element, void *pool_data); static inline int mempool_init_page_pool(mempool_t *pool, int min_nr, int order) { return mempool_init(pool, min_nr, mempool_alloc_pages, mempool_free_pages, (void *)(long)order); } static inline mempool_t *mempool_create_page_pool(int min_nr, int order) { return mempool_create(min_nr, mempool_alloc_pages, mempool_free_pages, (void *)(long)order); } #endif /* _LINUX_MEMPOOL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 #ifndef __LINUX_MROUTE_BASE_H #define __LINUX_MROUTE_BASE_H #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/rhashtable-types.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <net/net_namespace.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <net/fib_notifier.h> #include <net/ip_fib.h> /** * struct vif_device - interface representor for multicast routing * @dev: network device being used * @bytes_in: statistic; bytes ingressing * @bytes_out: statistic; bytes egresing * @pkt_in: statistic; packets ingressing * @pkt_out: statistic; packets egressing * @rate_limit: Traffic shaping (NI) * @threshold: TTL threshold * @flags: Control flags * @link: Physical interface index * @dev_parent_id: device parent id * @local: Local address * @remote: Remote address for tunnels */ struct vif_device { struct net_device *dev; unsigned long bytes_in, bytes_out; unsigned long pkt_in, pkt_out; unsigned long rate_limit; unsigned char threshold; unsigned short flags; int link; /* Currently only used by ipmr */ struct netdev_phys_item_id dev_parent_id; __be32 local, remote; }; struct vif_entry_notifier_info { struct fib_notifier_info info; struct net_device *dev; unsigned short vif_index; unsigned short vif_flags; u32 tb_id; }; static inline int mr_call_vif_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned short family, enum fib_event_type event_type, struct vif_device *vif, unsigned short vif_index, u32 tb_id, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { struct vif_entry_notifier_info info = { .info = { .family = family, .extack = extack, }, .dev = vif->dev, .vif_index = vif_index, .vif_flags = vif->flags, .tb_id = tb_id, }; return call_fib_notifier(nb, event_type, &info.info); } static inline int mr_call_vif_notifiers(struct net *net, unsigned short family, enum fib_event_type event_type, struct vif_device *vif, unsigned short vif_index, u32 tb_id, unsigned int *ipmr_seq) { struct vif_entry_notifier_info info = { .info = { .family = family, }, .dev = vif->dev, .vif_index = vif_index, .vif_flags = vif->flags, .tb_id = tb_id, }; ASSERT_RTNL(); (*ipmr_seq)++; return call_fib_notifiers(net, event_type, &info.info); } #ifndef MAXVIFS /* This one is nasty; value is defined in uapi using different symbols for * mroute and morute6 but both map into same 32. */ #define MAXVIFS 32 #endif #define VIF_EXISTS(_mrt, _idx) (!!((_mrt)->vif_table[_idx].dev)) /* mfc_flags: * MFC_STATIC - the entry was added statically (not by a routing daemon) * MFC_OFFLOAD - the entry was offloaded to the hardware */ enum { MFC_STATIC = BIT(0), MFC_OFFLOAD = BIT(1), }; /** * struct mr_mfc - common multicast routing entries * @mnode: rhashtable list * @mfc_parent: source interface (iif) * @mfc_flags: entry flags * @expires: unresolved entry expire time * @unresolved: unresolved cached skbs * @last_assert: time of last assert * @minvif: minimum VIF id * @maxvif: maximum VIF id * @bytes: bytes that have passed for this entry * @pkt: packets that have passed for this entry * @wrong_if: number of wrong source interface hits * @lastuse: time of last use of the group (traffic or update) * @ttls: OIF TTL threshold array * @refcount: reference count for this entry * @list: global entry list * @rcu: used for entry destruction * @free: Operation used for freeing an entry under RCU */ struct mr_mfc { struct rhlist_head mnode; unsigned short mfc_parent; int mfc_flags; union { struct { unsigned long expires; struct sk_buff_head unresolved; } unres; struct { unsigned long last_assert; int minvif; int maxvif; unsigned long bytes; unsigned long pkt; unsigned long wrong_if; unsigned long lastuse; unsigned char ttls[MAXVIFS]; refcount_t refcount; } res; } mfc_un; struct list_head list; struct rcu_head rcu; void (*free)(struct rcu_head *head); }; static inline void mr_cache_put(struct mr_mfc *c) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&c->mfc_un.res.refcount)) call_rcu(&c->rcu, c->free); } static inline void mr_cache_hold(struct mr_mfc *c) { refcount_inc(&c->mfc_un.res.refcount); } struct mfc_entry_notifier_info { struct fib_notifier_info info; struct mr_mfc *mfc; u32 tb_id; }; static inline int mr_call_mfc_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned short family, enum fib_event_type event_type, struct mr_mfc *mfc, u32 tb_id, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { struct mfc_entry_notifier_info info = { .info = { .family = family, .extack = extack, }, .mfc = mfc, .tb_id = tb_id }; return call_fib_notifier(nb, event_type, &info.info); } static inline int mr_call_mfc_notifiers(struct net *net, unsigned short family, enum fib_event_type event_type, struct mr_mfc *mfc, u32 tb_id, unsigned int *ipmr_seq) { struct mfc_entry_notifier_info info = { .info = { .family = family, }, .mfc = mfc, .tb_id = tb_id }; ASSERT_RTNL(); (*ipmr_seq)++; return call_fib_notifiers(net, event_type, &info.info); } struct mr_table; /** * struct mr_table_ops - callbacks and info for protocol-specific ops * @rht_params: parameters for accessing the MFC hash * @cmparg_any: a hash key to be used for matching on (*,*) routes */ struct mr_table_ops { const struct rhashtable_params *rht_params; void *cmparg_any; }; /** * struct mr_table - a multicast routing table * @list: entry within a list of multicast routing tables * @net: net where this table belongs * @ops: protocol specific operations * @id: identifier of the table * @mroute_sk: socket associated with the table * @ipmr_expire_timer: timer for handling unresolved routes * @mfc_unres_queue: list of unresolved MFC entries * @vif_table: array containing all possible vifs * @mfc_hash: Hash table of all resolved routes for easy lookup * @mfc_cache_list: list of resovled routes for possible traversal * @maxvif: Identifier of highest value vif currently in use * @cache_resolve_queue_len: current size of unresolved queue * @mroute_do_assert: Whether to inform userspace on wrong ingress * @mroute_do_pim: Whether to receive IGMP PIMv1 * @mroute_reg_vif_num: PIM-device vif index */ struct mr_table { struct list_head list; possible_net_t net; struct mr_table_ops ops; u32 id; struct sock __rcu *mroute_sk; struct timer_list ipmr_expire_timer; struct list_head mfc_unres_queue; struct vif_device vif_table[MAXVIFS]; struct rhltable mfc_hash; struct list_head mfc_cache_list; int maxvif; atomic_t cache_resolve_queue_len; bool mroute_do_assert; bool mroute_do_pim; bool mroute_do_wrvifwhole; int mroute_reg_vif_num; }; #ifdef CONFIG_IP_MROUTE_COMMON void vif_device_init(struct vif_device *v, struct net_device *dev, unsigned long rate_limit, unsigned char threshold, unsigned short flags, unsigned short get_iflink_mask); struct mr_table * mr_table_alloc(struct net *net, u32 id, struct mr_table_ops *ops, void (*expire_func)(struct timer_list *t), void (*table_set)(struct mr_table *mrt, struct net *net)); /* These actually return 'struct mr_mfc *', but to avoid need for explicit * castings they simply return void. */ void *mr_mfc_find_parent(struct mr_table *mrt, void *hasharg, int parent); void *mr_mfc_find_any_parent(struct mr_table *mrt, int vifi); void *mr_mfc_find_any(struct mr_table *mrt, int vifi, void *hasharg); int mr_fill_mroute(struct mr_table *mrt, struct sk_buff *skb, struct mr_mfc *c, struct rtmsg *rtm); int mr_table_dump(struct mr_table *mrt, struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb, int (*fill)(struct mr_table *mrt, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, u32 seq, struct mr_mfc *c, int cmd, int flags), spinlock_t *lock, struct fib_dump_filter *filter); int mr_rtm_dumproute(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb, struct mr_table *(*iter)(struct net *net, struct mr_table *mrt), int (*fill)(struct mr_table *mrt, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, u32 seq, struct mr_mfc *c, int cmd, int flags), spinlock_t *lock, struct fib_dump_filter *filter); int mr_dump(struct net *net, struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned short family, int (*rules_dump)(struct net *net, struct notifier_block *nb, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack), struct mr_table *(*mr_iter)(struct net *net, struct mr_table *mrt), rwlock_t *mrt_lock, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); #else static inline void vif_device_init(struct vif_device *v, struct net_device *dev, unsigned long rate_limit, unsigned char threshold, unsigned short flags, unsigned short get_iflink_mask) { } static inline void *mr_mfc_find_parent(struct mr_table *mrt, void *hasharg, int parent) { return NULL; } static inline void *mr_mfc_find_any_parent(struct mr_table *mrt, int vifi) { return NULL; } static inline struct mr_mfc *mr_mfc_find_any(struct mr_table *mrt, int vifi, void *hasharg) { return NULL; } static inline int mr_fill_mroute(struct mr_table *mrt, struct sk_buff *skb, struct mr_mfc *c, struct rtmsg *rtm) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int mr_rtm_dumproute(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb, struct mr_table *(*iter)(struct net *net, struct mr_table *mrt), int (*fill)(struct mr_table *mrt, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, u32 seq, struct mr_mfc *c, int cmd, int flags), spinlock_t *lock, struct fib_dump_filter *filter) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int mr_dump(struct net *net, struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned short family, int (*rules_dump)(struct net *net, struct notifier_block *nb, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack), struct mr_table *(*mr_iter)(struct net *net, struct mr_table *mrt), rwlock_t *mrt_lock, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return -EINVAL; } #endif static inline void *mr_mfc_find(struct mr_table *mrt, void *hasharg) { return mr_mfc_find_parent(mrt, hasharg, -1); } #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS struct mr_vif_iter { struct seq_net_private p; struct mr_table *mrt; int ct; }; struct mr_mfc_iter { struct seq_net_private p; struct mr_table *mrt; struct list_head *cache; /* Lock protecting the mr_table's unresolved queue */ spinlock_t *lock; }; #ifdef CONFIG_IP_MROUTE_COMMON void *mr_vif_seq_idx(struct net *net, struct mr_vif_iter *iter, loff_t pos); void *mr_vif_seq_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *v, loff_t *pos); static inline void *mr_vif_seq_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos) { return *pos ? mr_vif_seq_idx(seq_file_net(seq), seq->private, *pos - 1) : SEQ_START_TOKEN; } /* These actually return 'struct mr_mfc *', but to avoid need for explicit * castings they simply return void. */ void *mr_mfc_seq_idx(struct net *net, struct mr_mfc_iter *it, loff_t pos); void *mr_mfc_seq_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *v, loff_t *pos); static inline void *mr_mfc_seq_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos, struct mr_table *mrt, spinlock_t *lock) { struct mr_mfc_iter *it = seq->private; it->mrt = mrt; it->cache = NULL; it->lock = lock; return *pos ? mr_mfc_seq_idx(seq_file_net(seq), seq->private, *pos - 1) : SEQ_START_TOKEN; } static inline void mr_mfc_seq_stop(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { struct mr_mfc_iter *it = seq->private; struct mr_table *mrt = it->mrt; if (it->cache == &mrt->mfc_unres_queue) spin_unlock_bh(it->lock); else if (it->cache == &mrt->mfc_cache_list) rcu_read_unlock(); } #else static inline void *mr_vif_seq_idx(struct net *net, struct mr_vif_iter *iter, loff_t pos) { return NULL; } static inline void *mr_vif_seq_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *v, loff_t *pos) { return NULL; } static inline void *mr_vif_seq_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos) { return NULL; } static inline void *mr_mfc_seq_idx(struct net *net, struct mr_mfc_iter *it, loff_t pos) { return NULL; } static inline void *mr_mfc_seq_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *v, loff_t *pos) { return NULL; } static inline void *mr_mfc_seq_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos, struct mr_table *mrt, spinlock_t *lock) { return NULL; } static inline void mr_mfc_seq_stop(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { } #endif #endif #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_MSDOS_FS_H #define _LINUX_MSDOS_FS_H #include <uapi/linux/msdos_fs.h> /* media of boot sector */ static inline int fat_valid_media(u8 media) { return 0xf8 <= media || media == 0xf0; } #endif /* !_LINUX_MSDOS_FS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * linux/ipc/util.h * Copyright (C) 1999 Christoph Rohland * * ipc helper functions (c) 1999 Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> * namespaces support. 2006 OpenVZ, SWsoft Inc. * Pavel Emelianov <xemul@openvz.org> */ #ifndef _IPC_UTIL_H #define _IPC_UTIL_H #include <linux/unistd.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/ipc_namespace.h> /* * The IPC ID contains 2 separate numbers - index and sequence number. * By default, * bits 0-14: index (32k, 15 bits) * bits 15-30: sequence number (64k, 16 bits) * * When IPCMNI extension mode is turned on, the composition changes: * bits 0-23: index (16M, 24 bits) * bits 24-30: sequence number (128, 7 bits) */ #define IPCMNI_SHIFT 15 #define IPCMNI_EXTEND_SHIFT 24 #define IPCMNI_EXTEND_MIN_CYCLE (RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE * RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE) #define IPCMNI (1 << IPCMNI_SHIFT) #define IPCMNI_EXTEND (1 << IPCMNI_EXTEND_SHIFT) #ifdef CONFIG_SYSVIPC_SYSCTL extern int ipc_mni; extern int ipc_mni_shift; extern int ipc_min_cycle; #define ipcmni_seq_shift() ipc_mni_shift #define IPCMNI_IDX_MASK ((1 << ipc_mni_shift) - 1) #else /* CONFIG_SYSVIPC_SYSCTL */ #define ipc_mni IPCMNI #define ipc_min_cycle ((int)RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE) #define ipcmni_seq_shift() IPCMNI_SHIFT #define IPCMNI_IDX_MASK ((1 << IPCMNI_SHIFT) - 1) #endif /* CONFIG_SYSVIPC_SYSCTL */ void sem_init(void); void msg_init(void); void shm_init(void); struct ipc_namespace; struct pid_namespace; #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_MQUEUE extern void mq_clear_sbinfo(struct ipc_namespace *ns); extern void mq_put_mnt(struct ipc_namespace *ns); #else static inline void mq_clear_sbinfo(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { } static inline void mq_put_mnt(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SYSVIPC void sem_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns); void msg_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns); void shm_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns); void sem_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns); void msg_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns); void shm_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns); #else static inline void sem_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { } static inline void msg_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { } static inline void shm_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { } static inline void sem_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { } static inline void msg_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { } static inline void shm_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { } #endif /* * Structure that holds the parameters needed by the ipc operations * (see after) */ struct ipc_params { key_t key; int flg; union { size_t size; /* for shared memories */ int nsems; /* for semaphores */ } u; /* holds the getnew() specific param */ }; /* * Structure that holds some ipc operations. This structure is used to unify * the calls to sys_msgget(), sys_semget(), sys_shmget() * . routine to call to create a new ipc object. Can be one of newque, * newary, newseg * . routine to call to check permissions for a new ipc object. * Can be one of security_msg_associate, security_sem_associate, * security_shm_associate * . routine to call for an extra check if needed */ struct ipc_ops { int (*getnew)(struct ipc_namespace *, struct ipc_params *); int (*associate)(struct kern_ipc_perm *, int); int (*more_checks)(struct kern_ipc_perm *, struct ipc_params *); }; struct seq_file; struct ipc_ids; void ipc_init_ids(struct ipc_ids *ids); #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS void __init ipc_init_proc_interface(const char *path, const char *header, int ids, int (*show)(struct seq_file *, void *)); struct pid_namespace *ipc_seq_pid_ns(struct seq_file *); #else #define ipc_init_proc_interface(path, header, ids, show) do {} while (0) #endif #define IPC_SEM_IDS 0 #define IPC_MSG_IDS 1 #define IPC_SHM_IDS 2 #define ipcid_to_idx(id) ((id) & IPCMNI_IDX_MASK) #define ipcid_to_seqx(id) ((id) >> ipcmni_seq_shift()) #define ipcid_seq_max() (INT_MAX >> ipcmni_seq_shift()) /* must be called with ids->rwsem acquired for writing */ int ipc_addid(struct ipc_ids *, struct kern_ipc_perm *, int); /* must be called with both locks acquired. */ void ipc_rmid(struct ipc_ids *, struct kern_ipc_perm *); /* must be called with both locks acquired. */ void ipc_set_key_private(struct ipc_ids *, struct kern_ipc_perm *); /* must be called with ipcp locked */ int ipcperms(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp, short flg); /** * ipc_get_maxidx - get the highest assigned index * @ids: ipc identifier set * * Called with ipc_ids.rwsem held for reading. */ static inline int ipc_get_maxidx(struct ipc_ids *ids) { if (ids->in_use == 0) return -1; if (ids->in_use == ipc_mni) return ipc_mni - 1; return ids->max_idx; } /* * For allocation that need to be freed by RCU. * Objects are reference counted, they start with reference count 1. * getref increases the refcount, the putref call that reduces the recount * to 0 schedules the rcu destruction. Caller must guarantee locking. * * refcount is initialized by ipc_addid(), before that point call_rcu() * must be used. */ bool ipc_rcu_getref(struct kern_ipc_perm *ptr); void ipc_rcu_putref(struct kern_ipc_perm *ptr, void (*func)(struct rcu_head *head)); struct kern_ipc_perm *ipc_obtain_object_idr(struct ipc_ids *ids, int id); void kernel_to_ipc64_perm(struct kern_ipc_perm *in, struct ipc64_perm *out); void ipc64_perm_to_ipc_perm(struct ipc64_perm *in, struct ipc_perm *out); int ipc_update_perm(struct ipc64_perm *in, struct kern_ipc_perm *out); struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcctl_obtain_check(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct ipc_ids *ids, int id, int cmd, struct ipc64_perm *perm, int extra_perm); static inline void ipc_update_pid(struct pid **pos, struct pid *pid) { struct pid *old = *pos; if (old != pid) { *pos = get_pid(pid); put_pid(old); } } #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_IPC_PARSE_VERSION int ipc_parse_version(int *cmd); #endif extern void free_msg(struct msg_msg *msg); extern struct msg_msg *load_msg(const void __user *src, size_t len); extern struct msg_msg *copy_msg(struct msg_msg *src, struct msg_msg *dst); extern int store_msg(void __user *dest, struct msg_msg *msg, size_t len); static inline int ipc_checkid(struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp, int id) { return ipcid_to_seqx(id) != ipcp->seq; } static inline void ipc_lock_object(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm) { spin_lock(&perm->lock); } static inline void ipc_unlock_object(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm) { spin_unlock(&perm->lock); } static inline void ipc_assert_locked_object(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm) { assert_spin_locked(&perm->lock); } static inline void ipc_unlock(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm) { ipc_unlock_object(perm); rcu_read_unlock(); } /* * ipc_valid_object() - helper to sort out IPC_RMID races for codepaths * where the respective ipc_ids.rwsem is not being held down. * Checks whether the ipc object is still around or if it's gone already, as * ipc_rmid() may have already freed the ID while the ipc lock was spinning. * Needs to be called with kern_ipc_perm.lock held -- exception made for one * checkpoint case at sys_semtimedop() as noted in code commentary. */ static inline bool ipc_valid_object(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm) { return !perm->deleted; } struct kern_ipc_perm *ipc_obtain_object_check(struct ipc_ids *ids, int id); int ipcget(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct ipc_ids *ids, const struct ipc_ops *ops, struct ipc_params *params); void free_ipcs(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct ipc_ids *ids, void (*free)(struct ipc_namespace *, struct kern_ipc_perm *)); static inline int sem_check_semmni(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { /* * Check semmni range [0, ipc_mni] * semmni is the last element of sem_ctls[4] array */ return ((ns->sem_ctls[3] < 0) || (ns->sem_ctls[3] > ipc_mni)) ? -ERANGE : 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT #include <linux/compat.h> struct compat_ipc_perm { key_t key; __compat_uid_t uid; __compat_gid_t gid; __compat_uid_t cuid; __compat_gid_t cgid; compat_mode_t mode; unsigned short seq; }; void to_compat_ipc_perm(struct compat_ipc_perm *, struct ipc64_perm *); void to_compat_ipc64_perm(struct compat_ipc64_perm *, struct ipc64_perm *); int get_compat_ipc_perm(struct ipc64_perm *, struct compat_ipc_perm __user *); int get_compat_ipc64_perm(struct ipc64_perm *, struct compat_ipc64_perm __user *); static inline int compat_ipc_parse_version(int *cmd) { int version = *cmd & IPC_64; *cmd &= ~IPC_64; return version; } long compat_ksys_old_semctl(int semid, int semnum, int cmd, int arg); long compat_ksys_old_msgctl(int msqid, int cmd, void __user *uptr); long compat_ksys_msgrcv(int msqid, compat_uptr_t msgp, compat_ssize_t msgsz, compat_long_t msgtyp, int msgflg); long compat_ksys_msgsnd(int msqid, compat_uptr_t msgp, compat_ssize_t msgsz, int msgflg); long compat_ksys_old_shmctl(int shmid, int cmd, void __user *uptr); #endif #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949 950 951 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960 961 962 963 964 965 966 967 968 969 970 971 972 973 974 975 976 977 978 979 980 981 982 983 984 985 986 987 988 989 990 991 992 993 994 995 996 997 998 999 1000 1001 1002 1003 1004 1005 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Hash: Hash algorithms under the crypto API * * Copyright (c) 2008 Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au> */ #ifndef _CRYPTO_HASH_H #define _CRYPTO_HASH_H #include <linux/crypto.h> #include <linux/string.h> struct crypto_ahash; /** * DOC: Message Digest Algorithm Definitions * * These data structures define modular message digest algorithm * implementations, managed via crypto_register_ahash(), * crypto_register_shash(), crypto_unregister_ahash() and * crypto_unregister_shash(). */ /** * struct hash_alg_common - define properties of message digest * @digestsize: Size of the result of the transformation. A buffer of this size * must be available to the @final and @finup calls, so they can * store the resulting hash into it. For various predefined sizes, * search include/crypto/ using * git grep _DIGEST_SIZE include/crypto. * @statesize: Size of the block for partial state of the transformation. A * buffer of this size must be passed to the @export function as it * will save the partial state of the transformation into it. On the * other side, the @import function will load the state from a * buffer of this size as well. * @base: Start of data structure of cipher algorithm. The common data * structure of crypto_alg contains information common to all ciphers. * The hash_alg_common data structure now adds the hash-specific * information. */ struct hash_alg_common { unsigned int digestsize; unsigned int statesize; struct crypto_alg base; }; struct ahash_request { struct crypto_async_request base; unsigned int nbytes; struct scatterlist *src; u8 *result; /* This field may only be used by the ahash API code. */ void *priv; void *__ctx[] CRYPTO_MINALIGN_ATTR; }; /** * struct ahash_alg - asynchronous message digest definition * @init: **[mandatory]** Initialize the transformation context. Intended only to initialize the * state of the HASH transformation at the beginning. This shall fill in * the internal structures used during the entire duration of the whole * transformation. No data processing happens at this point. Driver code * implementation must not use req->result. * @update: **[mandatory]** Push a chunk of data into the driver for transformation. This * function actually pushes blocks of data from upper layers into the * driver, which then passes those to the hardware as seen fit. This * function must not finalize the HASH transformation by calculating the * final message digest as this only adds more data into the * transformation. This function shall not modify the transformation * context, as this function may be called in parallel with the same * transformation object. Data processing can happen synchronously * [SHASH] or asynchronously [AHASH] at this point. Driver must not use * req->result. * @final: **[mandatory]** Retrieve result from the driver. This function finalizes the * transformation and retrieves the resulting hash from the driver and * pushes it back to upper layers. No data processing happens at this * point unless hardware requires it to finish the transformation * (then the data buffered by the device driver is processed). * @finup: **[optional]** Combination of @update and @final. This function is effectively a * combination of @update and @final calls issued in sequence. As some * hardware cannot do @update and @final separately, this callback was * added to allow such hardware to be used at least by IPsec. Data * processing can happen synchronously [SHASH] or asynchronously [AHASH] * at this point. * @digest: Combination of @init and @update and @final. This function * effectively behaves as the entire chain of operations, @init, * @update and @final issued in sequence. Just like @finup, this was * added for hardware which cannot do even the @finup, but can only do * the whole transformation in one run. Data processing can happen * synchronously [SHASH] or asynchronously [AHASH] at this point. * @setkey: Set optional key used by the hashing algorithm. Intended to push * optional key used by the hashing algorithm from upper layers into * the driver. This function can store the key in the transformation * context or can outright program it into the hardware. In the former * case, one must be careful to program the key into the hardware at * appropriate time and one must be careful that .setkey() can be * called multiple times during the existence of the transformation * object. Not all hashing algorithms do implement this function as it * is only needed for keyed message digests. SHAx/MDx/CRCx do NOT * implement this function. HMAC(MDx)/HMAC(SHAx)/CMAC(AES) do implement * this function. This function must be called before any other of the * @init, @update, @final, @finup, @digest is called. No data * processing happens at this point. * @export: Export partial state of the transformation. This function dumps the * entire state of the ongoing transformation into a provided block of * data so it can be @import 'ed back later on. This is useful in case * you want to save partial result of the transformation after * processing certain amount of data and reload this partial result * multiple times later on for multiple re-use. No data processing * happens at this point. Driver must not use req->result. * @import: Import partial state of the transformation. This function loads the * entire state of the ongoing transformation from a provided block of * data so the transformation can continue from this point onward. No * data processing happens at this point. Driver must not use * req->result. * @init_tfm: Initialize the cryptographic transformation object. * This function is called only once at the instantiation * time, right after the transformation context was * allocated. In case the cryptographic hardware has * some special requirements which need to be handled * by software, this function shall check for the precise * requirement of the transformation and put any software * fallbacks in place. * @exit_tfm: Deinitialize the cryptographic transformation object. * This is a counterpart to @init_tfm, used to remove * various changes set in @init_tfm. * @halg: see struct hash_alg_common */ struct ahash_alg { int (*init)(struct ahash_request *req); int (*update)(struct ahash_request *req); int (*final)(struct ahash_request *req); int (*finup)(struct ahash_request *req); int (*digest)(struct ahash_request *req); int (*export)(struct ahash_request *req, void *out); int (*import)(struct ahash_request *req, const void *in); int (*setkey)(struct crypto_ahash *tfm, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen); int (*init_tfm)(struct crypto_ahash *tfm); void (*exit_tfm)(struct crypto_ahash *tfm); struct hash_alg_common halg; }; struct shash_desc { struct crypto_shash *tfm; void *__ctx[] __aligned(ARCH_SLAB_MINALIGN); }; #define HASH_MAX_DIGESTSIZE 64 /* * Worst case is hmac(sha3-224-generic). Its context is a nested 'shash_desc' * containing a 'struct sha3_state'. */ #define HASH_MAX_DESCSIZE (sizeof(struct shash_desc) + 360) #define HASH_MAX_STATESIZE