1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * Copyright (C) 2014 Davidlohr Bueso. */ #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/vmacache.h> /* * Hash based on the pmd of addr if configured with MMU, which provides a good * hit rate for workloads with spatial locality. Otherwise, use pages. */ #ifdef CONFIG_MMU #define VMACACHE_SHIFT PMD_SHIFT #else #define VMACACHE_SHIFT PAGE_SHIFT #endif #define VMACACHE_HASH(addr) ((addr >> VMACACHE_SHIFT) & VMACACHE_MASK) /* * This task may be accessing a foreign mm via (for example) * get_user_pages()->find_vma(). The vmacache is task-local and this * task's vmacache pertains to a different mm (ie, its own). There is * nothing we can do here. * * Also handle the case where a kernel thread has adopted this mm via * kthread_use_mm(). That kernel thread's vmacache is not applicable to this mm. */ static inline bool vmacache_valid_mm(struct mm_struct *mm) { return current->mm == mm && !(current->flags & PF_KTHREAD); } void vmacache_update(unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct *newvma) { if (vmacache_valid_mm(newvma->vm_mm)) current->vmacache.vmas[VMACACHE_HASH(addr)] = newvma; } static bool vmacache_valid(struct mm_struct *mm) { struct task_struct *curr; if (!vmacache_valid_mm(mm)) return false; curr = current; if (mm->vmacache_seqnum != curr->vmacache.seqnum) { /* * First attempt will always be invalid, initialize * the new cache for this task here. */ curr->vmacache.seqnum = mm->vmacache_seqnum; vmacache_flush(curr); return false; } return true; } struct vm_area_struct *vmacache_find(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { int idx = VMACACHE_HASH(addr); int i; count_vm_vmacache_event(VMACACHE_FIND_CALLS); if (!vmacache_valid(mm)) return NULL; for (i = 0; i < VMACACHE_SIZE; i++) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = current->vmacache.vmas[idx]; if (vma) { #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_VMACACHE if (WARN_ON_ONCE(vma->vm_mm != mm)) break; #endif if (vma->vm_start <= addr && vma->vm_end > addr) { count_vm_vmacache_event(VMACACHE_FIND_HITS); return vma; } } if (++idx == VMACACHE_SIZE) idx = 0; } return NULL; } #ifndef CONFIG_MMU struct vm_area_struct *vmacache_find_exact(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { int idx = VMACACHE_HASH(start); int i; count_vm_vmacache_event(VMACACHE_FIND_CALLS); if (!vmacache_valid(mm)) return NULL; for (i = 0; i < VMACACHE_SIZE; i++) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = current->vmacache.vmas[idx]; if (vma && vma->vm_start == start && vma->vm_end == end) { count_vm_vmacache_event(VMACACHE_FIND_HITS); return vma; } if (++idx == VMACACHE_SIZE) idx = 0; } return NULL; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __FIRMWARE_LOADER_H #define __FIRMWARE_LOADER_H #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/firmware.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/kref.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/completion.h> #include <generated/utsrelease.h> /** * enum fw_opt - options to control firmware loading behaviour * * @FW_OPT_UEVENT: Enables the fallback mechanism to send a kobject uevent * when the firmware is not found. Userspace is in charge to load the * firmware using the sysfs loading facility. * @FW_OPT_NOWAIT: Used to describe the firmware request is asynchronous. * @FW_OPT_USERHELPER: Enable the fallback mechanism, in case the direct * filesystem lookup fails at finding the firmware. For details refer to * firmware_fallback_sysfs(). * @FW_OPT_NO_WARN: Quiet, avoid printing warning messages. * @FW_OPT_NOCACHE: Disables firmware caching. Firmware caching is used to * cache the firmware upon suspend, so that upon resume races against the * firmware file lookup on storage is avoided. Used for calls where the * file may be too big, or where the driver takes charge of its own * firmware caching mechanism. * @FW_OPT_NOFALLBACK_SYSFS: Disable the sysfs fallback mechanism. Takes * precedence over &FW_OPT_UEVENT and &FW_OPT_USERHELPER. * @FW_OPT_FALLBACK_PLATFORM: Enable fallback to device fw copy embedded in * the platform's main firmware. If both this fallback and the sysfs * fallback are enabled, then this fallback will be tried first. * @FW_OPT_PARTIAL: Allow partial read of firmware instead of needing to read * entire file. */ enum fw_opt { FW_OPT_UEVENT = BIT(0), FW_OPT_NOWAIT = BIT(1), FW_OPT_USERHELPER = BIT(2), FW_OPT_NO_WARN = BIT(3), FW_OPT_NOCACHE = BIT(4), FW_OPT_NOFALLBACK_SYSFS = BIT(5), FW_OPT_FALLBACK_PLATFORM = BIT(6), FW_OPT_PARTIAL = BIT(7), }; enum fw_status { FW_STATUS_UNKNOWN, FW_STATUS_LOADING, FW_STATUS_DONE, FW_STATUS_ABORTED, }; /* * Concurrent request_firmware() for the same firmware need to be * serialized. struct fw_state is simple state machine which hold the * state of the firmware loading. */ struct fw_state { struct completion completion; enum fw_status status; }; struct fw_priv { struct kref ref; struct list_head list; struct firmware_cache *fwc; struct fw_state fw_st; void *data; size_t size; size_t allocated_size; size_t offset; u32 opt_flags; #ifdef CONFIG_FW_LOADER_PAGED_BUF bool is_paged_buf; struct page **pages; int nr_pages; int page_array_size; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FW_LOADER_USER_HELPER bool need_uevent; struct list_head pending_list; #endif const char *fw_name; }; extern struct mutex fw_lock; static inline bool __fw_state_check(struct fw_priv *fw_priv, enum fw_status status) { struct fw_state *fw_st = &fw_priv->fw_st; return fw_st->status == status; } static inline int __fw_state_wait_common(struct fw_priv *fw_priv, long timeout) { struct fw_state *fw_st = &fw_priv->fw_st; long ret; ret = wait_for_completion_killable_timeout(&fw_st->completion, timeout); if (ret != 0 && fw_st->status == FW_STATUS_ABORTED) return -ENOENT; if (!ret) return -ETIMEDOUT; return ret < 0 ? ret : 0; } static inline void __fw_state_set(struct fw_priv *fw_priv, enum fw_status status) { struct fw_state *fw_st = &fw_priv->fw_st; WRITE_ONCE(fw_st->status, status); if (status == FW_STATUS_DONE || status == FW_STATUS_ABORTED) { #ifdef CONFIG_FW_LOADER_USER_HELPER /* * Doing this here ensures that the fw_priv is deleted from * the pending list in all abort/done paths. */ list_del_init(&fw_priv->pending_list); #endif complete_all(&fw_st->completion); } } static inline void fw_state_aborted(struct fw_priv *fw_priv) { __fw_state_set(fw_priv, FW_STATUS_ABORTED); } static inline bool fw_state_is_aborted(struct fw_priv *fw_priv) { return __fw_state_check(fw_priv, FW_STATUS_ABORTED); } static inline void fw_state_start(struct fw_priv *fw_priv) { __fw_state_set(fw_priv, FW_STATUS_LOADING); } static inline void fw_state_done(struct fw_priv *fw_priv) { __fw_state_set(fw_priv, FW_STATUS_DONE); } int assign_fw(struct firmware *fw, struct device *device); #ifdef CONFIG_FW_LOADER_PAGED_BUF void fw_free_paged_buf(struct fw_priv *fw_priv); int fw_grow_paged_buf(struct fw_priv *fw_priv, int pages_needed); int fw_map_paged_buf(struct fw_priv *fw_priv); bool fw_is_paged_buf(struct fw_priv *fw_priv); #else static inline void fw_free_paged_buf(struct fw_priv *fw_priv) {} static inline int fw_grow_paged_buf(struct fw_priv *fw_priv, int pages_needed) { return -ENXIO; } static inline int fw_map_paged_buf(struct fw_priv *fw_priv) { return -ENXIO; } static inline bool fw_is_paged_buf(struct fw_priv *fw_priv) { return false; } #endif #endif /* __FIRMWARE_LOADER_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef INT_BLK_MQ_TAG_H #define INT_BLK_MQ_TAG_H /* * Tag address space map. */ struct blk_mq_tags { unsigned int nr_tags; unsigned int nr_reserved_tags; atomic_t active_queues; struct sbitmap_queue *bitmap_tags; struct sbitmap_queue *breserved_tags; struct sbitmap_queue __bitmap_tags; struct sbitmap_queue __breserved_tags; struct request **rqs; struct request **static_rqs; struct list_head page_list; /* * used to clear request reference in rqs[] before freeing one * request pool */ spinlock_t lock; }; extern struct blk_mq_tags *blk_mq_init_tags(unsigned int nr_tags, unsigned int reserved_tags, int node, unsigned int flags); extern void blk_mq_free_tags(struct blk_mq_tags *tags, unsigned int flags); extern int blk_mq_init_shared_sbitmap(struct blk_mq_tag_set *set, unsigned int flags); extern void blk_mq_exit_shared_sbitmap(struct blk_mq_tag_set *set); extern unsigned int blk_mq_get_tag(struct blk_mq_alloc_data *data); extern void blk_mq_put_tag(struct blk_mq_tags *tags, struct blk_mq_ctx *ctx, unsigned int tag); extern int blk_mq_tag_update_depth(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct blk_mq_tags **tags, unsigned int depth, bool can_grow); extern void blk_mq_tag_resize_shared_sbitmap(struct blk_mq_tag_set *set, unsigned int size); extern void blk_mq_tag_wakeup_all(struct blk_mq_tags *tags, bool); void blk_mq_queue_tag_busy_iter(struct request_queue *q, busy_iter_fn *fn, void *priv); void blk_mq_all_tag_iter(struct blk_mq_tags *tags, busy_tag_iter_fn *fn, void *priv); static inline struct sbq_wait_state *bt_wait_ptr(struct sbitmap_queue *bt, struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx) { if (!hctx) return &bt->ws[0]; return sbq_wait_ptr(bt, &hctx->wait_index); } enum { BLK_MQ_NO_TAG = -1U, BLK_MQ_TAG_MIN = 1, BLK_MQ_TAG_MAX = BLK_MQ_NO_TAG - 1, }; extern bool __blk_mq_tag_busy(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *); extern void __blk_mq_tag_idle(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *); static inline bool blk_mq_tag_busy(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx) { if (!(hctx->flags & BLK_MQ_F_TAG_QUEUE_SHARED)) return false; return __blk_mq_tag_busy(hctx); } static inline void blk_mq_tag_idle(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx) { if (!(hctx->flags & BLK_MQ_F_TAG_QUEUE_SHARED)) return; __blk_mq_tag_idle(hctx); } static inline bool blk_mq_tag_is_reserved(struct blk_mq_tags *tags, unsigned int tag) { return tag < tags->nr_reserved_tags; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __NET_LWTUNNEL_H #define __NET_LWTUNNEL_H 1 #include <linux/lwtunnel.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <net/route.h> #define LWTUNNEL_HASH_BITS 7 #define LWTUNNEL_HASH_SIZE (1 << LWTUNNEL_HASH_BITS) /* lw tunnel state flags */ #define LWTUNNEL_STATE_OUTPUT_REDIRECT BIT(0) #define LWTUNNEL_STATE_INPUT_REDIRECT BIT(1) #define LWTUNNEL_STATE_XMIT_REDIRECT BIT(2) enum { LWTUNNEL_XMIT_DONE, LWTUNNEL_XMIT_CONTINUE, }; struct lwtunnel_state { __u16 type; __u16 flags; __u16 headroom; atomic_t refcnt; int (*orig_output)(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int (*orig_input)(struct sk_buff *); struct rcu_head rcu; __u8 data[]; }; struct lwtunnel_encap_ops { int (*build_state)(struct net *net, struct nlattr *encap, unsigned int family, const void *cfg, struct lwtunnel_state **ts, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void (*destroy_state)(struct lwtunnel_state *lws); int (*output)(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int (*input)(struct sk_buff *skb); int (*fill_encap)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate); int (*get_encap_size)(struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate); int (*cmp_encap)(struct lwtunnel_state *a, struct lwtunnel_state *b); int (*xmit)(struct sk_buff *skb); struct module *owner; }; #ifdef CONFIG_LWTUNNEL void lwtstate_free(struct lwtunnel_state *lws); static inline struct lwtunnel_state * lwtstate_get(struct lwtunnel_state *lws) { if (lws) atomic_inc(&lws->refcnt); return lws; } static inline void lwtstate_put(struct lwtunnel_state *lws) { if (!lws) return; if (atomic_dec_and_test(&lws->refcnt)) lwtstate_free(lws); } static inline bool lwtunnel_output_redirect(struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate) { if (lwtstate && (lwtstate->flags & LWTUNNEL_STATE_OUTPUT_REDIRECT)) return true; return false; } static inline bool lwtunnel_input_redirect(struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate) { if (lwtstate && (lwtstate->flags & LWTUNNEL_STATE_INPUT_REDIRECT)) return true; return false; } static inline bool lwtunnel_xmit_redirect(struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate) { if (lwtstate && (lwtstate->flags & LWTUNNEL_STATE_XMIT_REDIRECT)) return true; return false; } static inline unsigned int lwtunnel_headroom(struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate, unsigned int mtu) { if ((lwtunnel_xmit_redirect(lwtstate) || lwtunnel_output_redirect(lwtstate)) && lwtstate->headroom < mtu) return lwtstate->headroom; return 0; } int lwtunnel_encap_add_ops(const struct lwtunnel_encap_ops *op, unsigned int num); int lwtunnel_encap_del_ops(const struct lwtunnel_encap_ops *op, unsigned int num); int lwtunnel_valid_encap_type(u16 encap_type, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int lwtunnel_valid_encap_type_attr(struct nlattr *attr, int len, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int lwtunnel_build_state(struct net *net, u16 encap_type, struct nlattr *encap, unsigned int family, const void *cfg, struct lwtunnel_state **lws, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int lwtunnel_fill_encap(struct sk_buff *skb, struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate, int encap_attr, int encap_type_attr); int lwtunnel_get_encap_size(struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate); struct lwtunnel_state *lwtunnel_state_alloc(int hdr_len); int lwtunnel_cmp_encap(struct lwtunnel_state *a, struct lwtunnel_state *b); int lwtunnel_output(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int lwtunnel_input(struct sk_buff *skb); int lwtunnel_xmit(struct sk_buff *skb); int bpf_lwt_push_ip_encap(struct sk_buff *skb, void *hdr, u32 len, bool ingress); static inline void lwtunnel_set_redirect(struct dst_entry *dst) { if (lwtunnel_output_redirect(dst->lwtstate)) { dst->lwtstate->orig_output = dst->output; dst->output = lwtunnel_output; } if (lwtunnel_input_redirect(dst->lwtstate)) { dst->lwtstate->orig_input = dst->input; dst->input = lwtunnel_input; } } #else static inline void lwtstate_free(struct lwtunnel_state *lws) { } static inline struct lwtunnel_state * lwtstate_get(struct lwtunnel_state *lws) { return lws; } static inline void lwtstate_put(struct lwtunnel_state *lws) { } static inline bool lwtunnel_output_redirect(struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate) { return false; } static inline bool lwtunnel_input_redirect(struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate) { return false; } static inline bool lwtunnel_xmit_redirect(struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate) { return false; } static inline void lwtunnel_set_redirect(struct dst_entry *dst) { } static inline unsigned int lwtunnel_headroom(struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate, unsigned int mtu) { return 0; } static inline int lwtunnel_encap_add_ops(const struct lwtunnel_encap_ops *op, unsigned int num) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int lwtunnel_encap_del_ops(const struct lwtunnel_encap_ops *op, unsigned int num) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int lwtunnel_valid_encap_type(u16 encap_type, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG(extack, "CONFIG_LWTUNNEL is not enabled in this kernel"); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int lwtunnel_valid_encap_type_attr(struct nlattr *attr, int len, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { /* return 0 since we are not walking attr looking for * RTA_ENCAP_TYPE attribute on nexthops. */ return 0; } static inline int lwtunnel_build_state(struct net *net, u16 encap_type, struct nlattr *encap, unsigned int family, const void *cfg, struct lwtunnel_state **lws, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int lwtunnel_fill_encap(struct sk_buff *skb, struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate, int encap_attr, int encap_type_attr) { return 0; } static inline int lwtunnel_get_encap_size(struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate) { return 0; } static inline struct lwtunnel_state *lwtunnel_state_alloc(int hdr_len) { return NULL; } static inline int lwtunnel_cmp_encap(struct lwtunnel_state *a, struct lwtunnel_state *b) { return 0; } static inline int lwtunnel_output(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int lwtunnel_input(struct sk_buff *skb) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int lwtunnel_xmit(struct sk_buff *skb) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } #endif /* CONFIG_LWTUNNEL */ #define MODULE_ALIAS_RTNL_LWT(encap_type) MODULE_ALIAS("rtnl-lwt-" __stringify(encap_type)) #endif /* __NET_LWTUNNEL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM udp #if !defined(_TRACE_UDP_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_UDP_H #include <linux/udp.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> TRACE_EVENT(udp_fail_queue_rcv_skb, TP_PROTO(int rc, struct sock *sk), TP_ARGS(rc, sk), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, rc) __field(__u16, lport) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->rc = rc; __entry->lport = inet_sk(sk)->inet_num; ), TP_printk("rc=%d port=%hu", __entry->rc, __entry->lport) ); #endif /* _TRACE_UDP_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. NET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Definitions for the Ethernet handlers. * * Version: @(#)eth.h 1.0.4 05/13/93 * * Authors: Ross Biro * Fred N. van Kempen, <waltje@uWalt.NL.Mugnet.ORG> * * Relocated to include/linux where it belongs by Alan Cox * <gw4pts@gw4pts.ampr.org> */ #ifndef _LINUX_ETHERDEVICE_H #define _LINUX_ETHERDEVICE_H #include <linux/if_ether.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/random.h> #include <linux/crc32.h> #include <asm/unaligned.h> #include <asm/bitsperlong.h> #ifdef __KERNEL__ struct device; int eth_platform_get_mac_address(struct device *dev, u8 *mac_addr); unsigned char *arch_get_platform_mac_address(void); int nvmem_get_mac_address(struct device *dev, void *addrbuf); u32 eth_get_headlen(const struct net_device *dev, void *data, unsigned int len); __be16 eth_type_trans(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev); extern const struct header_ops eth_header_ops; int eth_header(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, unsigned short type, const void *daddr, const void *saddr, unsigned len); int eth_header_parse(const struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned char *haddr); int eth_header_cache(const struct neighbour *neigh, struct hh_cache *hh, __be16 type); void eth_header_cache_update(struct hh_cache *hh, const struct net_device *dev, const unsigned char *haddr); __be16 eth_header_parse_protocol(const struct sk_buff *skb); int eth_prepare_mac_addr_change(struct net_device *dev, void *p); void eth_commit_mac_addr_change(struct net_device *dev, void *p); int eth_mac_addr(struct net_device *dev, void *p); int eth_validate_addr(struct net_device *dev); struct net_device *alloc_etherdev_mqs(int sizeof_priv, unsigned int txqs, unsigned int rxqs); #define alloc_etherdev(sizeof_priv) alloc_etherdev_mq(sizeof_priv, 1) #define alloc_etherdev_mq(sizeof_priv, count) alloc_etherdev_mqs(sizeof_priv, count, count) struct net_device *devm_alloc_etherdev_mqs(struct device *dev, int sizeof_priv, unsigned int txqs, unsigned int rxqs); #define devm_alloc_etherdev(dev, sizeof_priv) devm_alloc_etherdev_mqs(dev, sizeof_priv, 1, 1) struct sk_buff *eth_gro_receive(struct list_head *head, struct sk_buff *skb); int eth_gro_complete(struct sk_buff *skb, int nhoff); /* Reserved Ethernet Addresses per IEEE 802.1Q */ static const u8 eth_reserved_addr_base[ETH_ALEN] __aligned(2) = { 0x01, 0x80, 0xc2, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00 }; #define eth_stp_addr eth_reserved_addr_base /** * is_link_local_ether_addr - Determine if given Ethernet address is link-local * @addr: Pointer to a six-byte array containing the Ethernet address * * Return true if address is link local reserved addr (01:80:c2:00:00:0X) per * IEEE 802.1Q 8.6.3 Frame filtering. * * Please note: addr must be aligned to u16. */ static inline bool is_link_local_ether_addr(const u8 *addr) { __be16 *a = (__be16 *)addr; static const __be16 *b = (const __be16 *)eth_reserved_addr_base; static const __be16 m = cpu_to_be16(0xfff0); #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) return (((*(const u32 *)addr) ^ (*(const u32 *)b)) | (__force int)((a[2] ^ b[2]) & m)) == 0; #else return ((a[0] ^ b[0]) | (a[1] ^ b[1]) | ((a[2] ^ b[2]) & m)) == 0; #endif } /** * is_zero_ether_addr - Determine if give Ethernet address is all zeros. * @addr: Pointer to a six-byte array containing the Ethernet address * * Return true if the address is all zeroes. * * Please note: addr must be aligned to u16. */ static inline bool is_zero_ether_addr(const u8 *addr) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) return ((*(const u32 *)addr) | (*(const u16 *)(addr + 4))) == 0; #else return (*(const u16 *)(addr + 0) | *(const u16 *)(addr + 2) | *(const u16 *)(addr + 4)) == 0; #endif } /** * is_multicast_ether_addr - Determine if the Ethernet address is a multicast. * @addr: Pointer to a six-byte array containing the Ethernet address * * Return true if the address is a multicast address. * By definition the broadcast address is also a multicast address. */ static inline bool is_multicast_ether_addr(const u8 *addr) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) u32 a = *(const u32 *)addr; #else u16 a = *(const u16 *)addr; #endif #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN return 0x01 & (a >> ((sizeof(a) * 8) - 8)); #else return 0x01 & a; #endif } static inline bool is_multicast_ether_addr_64bits(const u8 addr[6+2]) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN return 0x01 & ((*(const u64 *)addr) >> 56); #else return 0x01 & (*(const u64 *)addr); #endif #else return is_multicast_ether_addr(addr); #endif } /** * is_local_ether_addr - Determine if the Ethernet address is locally-assigned one (IEEE 802). * @addr: Pointer to a six-byte array containing the Ethernet address * * Return true if the address is a local address. */ static inline bool is_local_ether_addr(const u8 *addr) { return 0x02 & addr[0]; } /** * is_broadcast_ether_addr - Determine if the Ethernet address is broadcast * @addr: Pointer to a six-byte array containing the Ethernet address * * Return true if the address is the broadcast address. * * Please note: addr must be aligned to u16. */ static inline bool is_broadcast_ether_addr(const u8 *addr) { return (*(const u16 *)(addr + 0) & *(const u16 *)(addr + 2) & *(const u16 *)(addr + 4)) == 0xffff; } /** * is_unicast_ether_addr - Determine if the Ethernet address is unicast * @addr: Pointer to a six-byte array containing the Ethernet address * * Return true if the address is a unicast address. */ static inline bool is_unicast_ether_addr(const u8 *addr) { return !is_multicast_ether_addr(addr); } /** * is_valid_ether_addr - Determine if the given Ethernet address is valid * @addr: Pointer to a six-byte array containing the Ethernet address * * Check that the Ethernet address (MAC) is not 00:00:00:00:00:00, is not * a multicast address, and is not FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF. * * Return true if the address is valid. * * Please note: addr must be aligned to u16. */ static inline bool is_valid_ether_addr(const u8 *addr) { /* FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF is a multicast address so we don't need to * explicitly check for it here. */ return !is_multicast_ether_addr(addr) && !is_zero_ether_addr(addr); } /** * eth_proto_is_802_3 - Determine if a given Ethertype/length is a protocol * @proto: Ethertype/length value to be tested * * Check that the value from the Ethertype/length field is a valid Ethertype. * * Return true if the valid is an 802.3 supported Ethertype. */ static inline bool eth_proto_is_802_3(__be16 proto) { #ifndef __BIG_ENDIAN /* if CPU is little endian mask off bits representing LSB */ proto &= htons(0xFF00); #endif /* cast both to u16 and compare since LSB can be ignored */ return (__force u16)proto >= (__force u16)htons(ETH_P_802_3_MIN); } /** * eth_random_addr - Generate software assigned random Ethernet address * @addr: Pointer to a six-byte array containing the Ethernet address * * Generate a random Ethernet address (MAC) that is not multicast * and has the local assigned bit set. */ static inline void eth_random_addr(u8 *addr) { get_random_bytes(addr, ETH_ALEN); addr[0] &= 0xfe; /* clear multicast bit */ addr[0] |= 0x02; /* set local assignment bit (IEEE802) */ } #define random_ether_addr(addr) eth_random_addr(addr) /** * eth_broadcast_addr - Assign broadcast address * @addr: Pointer to a six-byte array containing the Ethernet address * * Assign the broadcast address to the given address array. */ static inline void eth_broadcast_addr(u8 *addr) { memset(addr, 0xff, ETH_ALEN); } /** * eth_zero_addr - Assign zero address * @addr: Pointer to a six-byte array containing the Ethernet address * * Assign the zero address to the given address array. */ static inline void eth_zero_addr(u8 *addr) { memset(addr, 0x00, ETH_ALEN); } /** * eth_hw_addr_random - Generate software assigned random Ethernet and * set device flag * @dev: pointer to net_device structure * * Generate a random Ethernet address (MAC) to be used by a net device * and set addr_assign_type so the state can be read by sysfs and be * used by userspace. */ static inline void eth_hw_addr_random(struct net_device *dev) { dev->addr_assign_type = NET_ADDR_RANDOM; eth_random_addr(dev->dev_addr); } /** * eth_hw_addr_crc - Calculate CRC from netdev_hw_addr * @ha: pointer to hardware address * * Calculate CRC from a hardware address as basis for filter hashes. */ static inline u32 eth_hw_addr_crc(struct netdev_hw_addr *ha) { return ether_crc(ETH_ALEN, ha->addr); } /** * ether_addr_copy - Copy an Ethernet address * @dst: Pointer to a six-byte array Ethernet address destination * @src: Pointer to a six-byte array Ethernet address source * * Please note: dst & src must both be aligned to u16. */ static inline void ether_addr_copy(u8 *dst, const u8 *src) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) *(u32 *)dst = *(const u32 *)src; *(u16 *)(dst + 4) = *(const u16 *)(src + 4); #else u16 *a = (u16 *)dst; const u16 *b = (const u16 *)src; a[0] = b[0]; a[1] = b[1]; a[2] = b[2]; #endif } /** * eth_hw_addr_inherit - Copy dev_addr from another net_device * @dst: pointer to net_device to copy dev_addr to * @src: pointer to net_device to copy dev_addr from * * Copy the Ethernet address from one net_device to another along with * the address attributes (addr_assign_type). */ static inline void eth_hw_addr_inherit(struct net_device *dst, struct net_device *src) { dst->addr_assign_type = src->addr_assign_type; ether_addr_copy(dst->dev_addr, src->dev_addr); } /** * ether_addr_equal - Compare two Ethernet addresses * @addr1: Pointer to a six-byte array containing the Ethernet address * @addr2: Pointer other six-byte array containing the Ethernet address * * Compare two Ethernet addresses, returns true if equal * * Please note: addr1 & addr2 must both be aligned to u16. */ static inline bool ether_addr_equal(const u8 *addr1, const u8 *addr2) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) u32 fold = ((*(const u32 *)addr1) ^ (*(const u32 *)addr2)) | ((*(const u16 *)(addr1 + 4)) ^ (*(const u16 *)(addr2 + 4))); return fold == 0; #else const u16 *a = (const u16 *)addr1; const u16 *b = (const u16 *)addr2; return ((a[0] ^ b[0]) | (a[1] ^ b[1]) | (a[2] ^ b[2])) == 0; #endif } /** * ether_addr_equal_64bits - Compare two Ethernet addresses * @addr1: Pointer to an array of 8 bytes * @addr2: Pointer to an other array of 8 bytes * * Compare two Ethernet addresses, returns true if equal, false otherwise. * * The function doesn't need any conditional branches and possibly uses * word memory accesses on CPU allowing cheap unaligned memory reads. * arrays = { byte1, byte2, byte3, byte4, byte5, byte6, pad1, pad2 } * * Please note that alignment of addr1 & addr2 are only guaranteed to be 16 bits. */ static inline bool ether_addr_equal_64bits(const u8 addr1[6+2], const u8 addr2[6+2]) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 u64 fold = (*(const u64 *)addr1) ^ (*(const u64 *)addr2); #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN return (fold >> 16) == 0; #else return (fold << 16) == 0; #endif #else return ether_addr_equal(addr1, addr2); #endif } /** * ether_addr_equal_unaligned - Compare two not u16 aligned Ethernet addresses * @addr1: Pointer to a six-byte array containing the Ethernet address * @addr2: Pointer other six-byte array containing the Ethernet address * * Compare two Ethernet addresses, returns true if equal * * Please note: Use only when any Ethernet address may not be u16 aligned. */ static inline bool ether_addr_equal_unaligned(const u8 *addr1, const u8 *addr2) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) return ether_addr_equal(addr1, addr2); #else return memcmp(addr1, addr2, ETH_ALEN) == 0; #endif } /** * ether_addr_equal_masked - Compare two Ethernet addresses with a mask * @addr1: Pointer to a six-byte array containing the 1st Ethernet address * @addr2: Pointer to a six-byte array containing the 2nd Ethernet address * @mask: Pointer to a six-byte array containing the Ethernet address bitmask * * Compare two Ethernet addresses with a mask, returns true if for every bit * set in the bitmask the equivalent bits in the ethernet addresses are equal. * Using a mask with all bits set is a slower ether_addr_equal. */ static inline bool ether_addr_equal_masked(const u8 *addr1, const u8 *addr2, const u8 *mask) { int i; for (i = 0; i < ETH_ALEN; i++) { if ((addr1[i] ^ addr2[i]) & mask[i]) return false; } return true; } /** * ether_addr_to_u64 - Convert an Ethernet address into a u64 value. * @addr: Pointer to a six-byte array containing the Ethernet address * * Return a u64 value of the address */ static inline u64 ether_addr_to_u64(const u8 *addr) { u64 u = 0; int i; for (i = 0; i < ETH_ALEN; i++) u = u << 8 | addr[i]; return u; } /** * u64_to_ether_addr - Convert a u64 to an Ethernet address. * @u: u64 to convert to an Ethernet MAC address * @addr: Pointer to a six-byte array to contain the Ethernet address */ static inline void u64_to_ether_addr(u64 u, u8 *addr) { int i; for (i = ETH_ALEN - 1; i >= 0; i--) { addr[i] = u & 0xff; u = u >> 8; } } /** * eth_addr_dec - Decrement the given MAC address * * @addr: Pointer to a six-byte array containing Ethernet address to decrement */ static inline void eth_addr_dec(u8 *addr) { u64 u = ether_addr_to_u64(addr); u--; u64_to_ether_addr(u, addr); } /** * eth_addr_inc() - Increment the given MAC address. * @addr: Pointer to a six-byte array containing Ethernet address to increment. */ static inline void eth_addr_inc(u8 *addr) { u64 u = ether_addr_to_u64(addr); u++; u64_to_ether_addr(u, addr); } /** * is_etherdev_addr - Tell if given Ethernet address belongs to the device. * @dev: Pointer to a device structure * @addr: Pointer to a six-byte array containing the Ethernet address * * Compare passed address with all addresses of the device. Return true if the * address if one of the device addresses. * * Note that this function calls ether_addr_equal_64bits() so take care of * the right padding. */ static inline bool is_etherdev_addr(const struct net_device *dev, const u8 addr[6 + 2]) { struct netdev_hw_addr *ha; bool res = false; rcu_read_lock(); for_each_dev_addr(dev, ha) { res = ether_addr_equal_64bits(addr, ha->addr); if (res) break; } rcu_read_unlock(); return res; } #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ /** * compare_ether_header - Compare two Ethernet headers * @a: Pointer to Ethernet header * @b: Pointer to Ethernet header * * Compare two Ethernet headers, returns 0 if equal. * This assumes that the network header (i.e., IP header) is 4-byte * aligned OR the platform can handle unaligned access. This is the * case for all packets coming into netif_receive_skb or similar * entry points. */ static inline unsigned long compare_ether_header(const void *a, const void *b) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 unsigned long fold; /* * We want to compare 14 bytes: * [a0 ... a13] ^ [b0 ... b13] * Use two long XOR, ORed together, with an overlap of two bytes. * [a0 a1 a2 a3 a4 a5 a6 a7 ] ^ [b0 b1 b2 b3 b4 b5 b6 b7 ] | * [a6 a7 a8 a9 a10 a11 a12 a13] ^ [b6 b7 b8 b9 b10 b11 b12 b13] * This means the [a6 a7] ^ [b6 b7] part is done two times. */ fold = *(unsigned long *)a ^ *(unsigned long *)b; fold |= *(unsigned long *)(a + 6) ^ *(unsigned long *)(b + 6); return fold; #else u32 *a32 = (u32 *)((u8 *)a + 2); u32 *b32 = (u32 *)((u8 *)b + 2); return (*(u16 *)a ^ *(u16 *)b) | (a32[0] ^ b32[0]) | (a32[1] ^ b32[1]) | (a32[2] ^ b32[2]); #endif } /** * eth_skb_pad - Pad buffer to mininum number of octets for Ethernet frame * @skb: Buffer to pad * * An Ethernet frame should have a minimum size of 60 bytes. This function * takes short frames and pads them with zeros up to the 60 byte limit. */ static inline int eth_skb_pad(struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_put_padto(skb, ETH_ZLEN); } #endif /* _LINUX_ETHERDEVICE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * An extensible bitmap is a bitmap that supports an * arbitrary number of bits. Extensible bitmaps are * used to represent sets of values, such as types, * roles, categories, and classes. * * Each extensible bitmap is implemented as a linked * list of bitmap nodes, where each bitmap node has * an explicitly specified starting bit position within * the total bitmap. * * Author : Stephen Smalley, <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> */ #ifndef _SS_EBITMAP_H_ #define _SS_EBITMAP_H_ #include <net/netlabel.h> #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT #define EBITMAP_NODE_SIZE 64 #else #define EBITMAP_NODE_SIZE 32 #endif #define EBITMAP_UNIT_NUMS ((EBITMAP_NODE_SIZE-sizeof(void *)-sizeof(u32))\ / sizeof(unsigned long)) #define EBITMAP_UNIT_SIZE BITS_PER_LONG #define EBITMAP_SIZE (EBITMAP_UNIT_NUMS * EBITMAP_UNIT_SIZE) #define EBITMAP_BIT 1ULL #define EBITMAP_SHIFT_UNIT_SIZE(x) \ (((x) >> EBITMAP_UNIT_SIZE / 2) >> EBITMAP_UNIT_SIZE / 2) struct ebitmap_node { struct ebitmap_node *next; unsigned long maps[EBITMAP_UNIT_NUMS]; u32 startbit; }; struct ebitmap { struct ebitmap_node *node; /* first node in the bitmap */ u32 highbit; /* highest position in the total bitmap */ }; #define ebitmap_length(e) ((e)->highbit) static inline unsigned int ebitmap_start_positive(struct ebitmap *e, struct ebitmap_node **n) { unsigned int ofs; for (*n = e->node; *n; *n = (*n)->next) { ofs = find_first_bit((*n)->maps, EBITMAP_SIZE); if (ofs < EBITMAP_SIZE) return (*n)->startbit + ofs; } return ebitmap_length(e); } static inline void ebitmap_init(struct ebitmap *e) { memset(e, 0, sizeof(*e)); } static inline unsigned int ebitmap_next_positive(struct ebitmap *e, struct ebitmap_node **n, unsigned int bit) { unsigned int ofs; ofs = find_next_bit((*n)->maps, EBITMAP_SIZE, bit - (*n)->startbit + 1); if (ofs < EBITMAP_SIZE) return ofs + (*n)->startbit; for (*n = (*n)->next; *n; *n = (*n)->next) { ofs = find_first_bit((*n)->maps, EBITMAP_SIZE); if (ofs < EBITMAP_SIZE) return ofs + (*n)->startbit; } return ebitmap_length(e); } #define EBITMAP_NODE_INDEX(node, bit) \ (((bit) - (node)->startbit) / EBITMAP_UNIT_SIZE) #define EBITMAP_NODE_OFFSET(node, bit) \ (((bit) - (node)->startbit) % EBITMAP_UNIT_SIZE) static inline int ebitmap_node_get_bit(struct ebitmap_node *n, unsigned int bit) { unsigned int index = EBITMAP_NODE_INDEX(n, bit); unsigned int ofs = EBITMAP_NODE_OFFSET(n, bit); BUG_ON(index >= EBITMAP_UNIT_NUMS); if ((n->maps[index] & (EBITMAP_BIT << ofs))) return 1; return 0; } static inline void ebitmap_node_set_bit(struct ebitmap_node *n, unsigned int bit) { unsigned int index = EBITMAP_NODE_INDEX(n, bit); unsigned int ofs = EBITMAP_NODE_OFFSET(n, bit); BUG_ON(index >= EBITMAP_UNIT_NUMS); n->maps[index] |= (EBITMAP_BIT << ofs); } static inline void ebitmap_node_clr_bit(struct ebitmap_node *n, unsigned int bit) { unsigned int index = EBITMAP_NODE_INDEX(n, bit); unsigned int ofs = EBITMAP_NODE_OFFSET(n, bit); BUG_ON(index >= EBITMAP_UNIT_NUMS); n->maps[index] &= ~(EBITMAP_BIT << ofs); } #define ebitmap_for_each_positive_bit(e, n, bit) \ for (bit = ebitmap_start_positive(e, &n); \ bit < ebitmap_length(e); \ bit = ebitmap_next_positive(e, &n, bit)) \ int ebitmap_cmp(struct ebitmap *e1, struct ebitmap *e2); int ebitmap_cpy(struct ebitmap *dst, struct ebitmap *src); int ebitmap_and(struct ebitmap *dst, struct ebitmap *e1, struct ebitmap *e2); int ebitmap_contains(struct ebitmap *e1, struct ebitmap *e2, u32 last_e2bit); int ebitmap_get_bit(struct ebitmap *e, unsigned long bit); int ebitmap_set_bit(struct ebitmap *e, unsigned long bit, int value); void ebitmap_destroy(struct ebitmap *e); int ebitmap_read(struct ebitmap *e, void *fp); int ebitmap_write(struct ebitmap *e, void *fp); u32 ebitmap_hash(const struct ebitmap *e, u32 hash); #ifdef CONFIG_NETLABEL int ebitmap_netlbl_export(struct ebitmap *ebmap, struct netlbl_lsm_catmap **catmap); int ebitmap_netlbl_import(struct ebitmap *ebmap, struct netlbl_lsm_catmap *catmap); #else static inline int ebitmap_netlbl_export(struct ebitmap *ebmap, struct netlbl_lsm_catmap **catmap) { return -ENOMEM; } static inline int ebitmap_netlbl_import(struct ebitmap *ebmap, struct netlbl_lsm_catmap *catmap) { return -ENOMEM; } #endif #endif /* _SS_EBITMAP_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_ICMPV6_H #define _LINUX_ICMPV6_H #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <uapi/linux/icmpv6.h> static inline struct icmp6hdr *icmp6_hdr(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct icmp6hdr *)skb_transport_header(skb); } #include <linux/netdevice.h> #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) typedef void ip6_icmp_send_t(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 type, u8 code, __u32 info, const struct in6_addr *force_saddr, const struct inet6_skb_parm *parm); void icmp6_send(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 type, u8 code, __u32 info, const struct in6_addr *force_saddr, const struct inet6_skb_parm *parm); #if IS_BUILTIN(CONFIG_IPV6) static inline void __icmpv6_send(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 type, u8 code, __u32 info, const struct inet6_skb_parm *parm) { icmp6_send(skb, type, code, info, NULL, parm); } static inline int inet6_register_icmp_sender(ip6_icmp_send_t *fn) { BUILD_BUG_ON(fn != icmp6_send); return 0; } static inline int inet6_unregister_icmp_sender(ip6_icmp_send_t *fn) { BUILD_BUG_ON(fn != icmp6_send); return 0; } #else extern void __icmpv6_send(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 type, u8 code, __u32 info, const struct inet6_skb_parm *parm); extern int inet6_register_icmp_sender(ip6_icmp_send_t *fn); extern int inet6_unregister_icmp_sender(ip6_icmp_send_t *fn); #endif static inline void icmpv6_send(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 type, u8 code, __u32 info) { __icmpv6_send(skb, type, code, info, IP6CB(skb)); } int ip6_err_gen_icmpv6_unreach(struct sk_buff *skb, int nhs, int type, unsigned int data_len); #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_NAT) void icmpv6_ndo_send(struct sk_buff *skb_in, u8 type, u8 code, __u32 info); #else static inline void icmpv6_ndo_send(struct sk_buff *skb_in, u8 type, u8 code, __u32 info) { struct inet6_skb_parm parm = { 0 }; __icmpv6_send(skb_in, type, code, info, &parm); } #endif #else static inline void icmpv6_send(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 type, u8 code, __u32 info) { } static inline void icmpv6_ndo_send(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 type, u8 code, __u32 info) { } #endif extern int icmpv6_init(void); extern int icmpv6_err_convert(u8 type, u8 code, int *err); extern void icmpv6_cleanup(void); extern void icmpv6_param_prob(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 code, int pos); struct flowi6; struct in6_addr; extern void icmpv6_flow_init(struct sock *sk, struct flowi6 *fl6, u8 type, const struct in6_addr *saddr, const struct in6_addr *daddr, int oif); static inline bool icmpv6_is_err(int type) { switch (type) { case ICMPV6_DEST_UNREACH: case ICMPV6_PKT_TOOBIG: case ICMPV6_TIME_EXCEED: case ICMPV6_PARAMPROB: return true; } return false; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Cryptographic API. * * Copyright (c) 2002 James Morris <jmorris@intercode.com.au> * Copyright (c) 2005 Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au> */ #ifndef _CRYPTO_INTERNAL_H #define _CRYPTO_INTERNAL_H #include <crypto/algapi.h> #include <linux/completion.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/notifier.h> #include <linux/numa.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/types.h> struct crypto_instance; struct crypto_template; struct crypto_larval { struct crypto_alg alg; struct crypto_alg *adult; struct completion completion; u32 mask; }; extern struct list_head crypto_alg_list; extern struct rw_semaphore crypto_alg_sem; extern struct blocking_notifier_head crypto_chain; #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS void __init crypto_init_proc(void); void __exit crypto_exit_proc(void); #else static inline void crypto_init_proc(void) { } static inline void crypto_exit_proc(void) { } #endif static inline unsigned int crypto_cipher_ctxsize(struct crypto_alg *alg) { return alg->cra_ctxsize; } static inline unsigned int crypto_compress_ctxsize(struct crypto_alg *alg) { return alg->cra_ctxsize; } struct crypto_alg *crypto_mod_get(struct crypto_alg *alg); struct crypto_alg *crypto_alg_mod_lookup(const char *name, u32 type, u32 mask); struct crypto_larval *crypto_larval_alloc(const char *name, u32 type, u32 mask); void crypto_larval_kill(struct crypto_alg *alg); void crypto_alg_tested(const char *name, int err); void crypto_remove_spawns(struct crypto_alg *alg, struct list_head *list, struct crypto_alg *nalg); void crypto_remove_final(struct list_head *list); void crypto_shoot_alg(struct crypto_alg *alg); struct crypto_tfm *__crypto_alloc_tfm(struct crypto_alg *alg, u32 type, u32 mask); void *crypto_create_tfm_node(struct crypto_alg *alg, const struct crypto_type *frontend, int node); static inline void *crypto_create_tfm(struct crypto_alg *alg, const struct crypto_type *frontend) { return crypto_create_tfm_node(alg, frontend, NUMA_NO_NODE); } struct crypto_alg *crypto_find_alg(const char *alg_name, const struct crypto_type *frontend, u32 type, u32 mask); void *crypto_alloc_tfm_node(const char *alg_name, const struct crypto_type *frontend, u32 type, u32 mask, int node); static inline void *crypto_alloc_tfm(const char *alg_name, const struct crypto_type *frontend, u32 type, u32 mask) { return crypto_alloc_tfm_node(alg_name, frontend, type, mask, NUMA_NO_NODE); } int crypto_probing_notify(unsigned long val, void *v); unsigned int crypto_alg_extsize(struct crypto_alg *alg); int crypto_type_has_alg(const char *name, const struct crypto_type *frontend, u32 type, u32 mask); static inline struct crypto_alg *crypto_alg_get(struct crypto_alg *alg) { refcount_inc(&alg->cra_refcnt); return alg; } static inline void crypto_alg_put(struct crypto_alg *alg) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&alg->cra_refcnt) && alg->cra_destroy) alg->cra_destroy(alg); } static inline int crypto_tmpl_get(struct crypto_template *tmpl) { return try_module_get(tmpl->module); } static inline void crypto_tmpl_put(struct crypto_template *tmpl) { module_put(tmpl->module); } static inline int crypto_is_larval(struct crypto_alg *alg) { return alg->cra_flags & CRYPTO_ALG_LARVAL; } static inline int crypto_is_dead(struct crypto_alg *alg) { return alg->cra_flags & CRYPTO_ALG_DEAD; } static inline int crypto_is_moribund(struct crypto_alg *alg) { return alg->cra_flags & (CRYPTO_ALG_DEAD | CRYPTO_ALG_DYING); } static inline void crypto_notify(unsigned long val, void *v) { blocking_notifier_call_chain(&crypto_chain, val, v); } static inline void crypto_yield(u32 flags) { if (flags & CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_SLEEP) cond_resched(); } #endif /* _CRYPTO_INTERNAL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_COMPACTION_H #define _LINUX_COMPACTION_H /* * Determines how hard direct compaction should try to succeed. * Lower value means higher priority, analogically to reclaim priority. */ enum compact_priority { COMPACT_PRIO_SYNC_FULL, MIN_COMPACT_PRIORITY = COMPACT_PRIO_SYNC_FULL, COMPACT_PRIO_SYNC_LIGHT, MIN_COMPACT_COSTLY_PRIORITY = COMPACT_PRIO_SYNC_LIGHT, DEF_COMPACT_PRIORITY = COMPACT_PRIO_SYNC_LIGHT, COMPACT_PRIO_ASYNC, INIT_COMPACT_PRIORITY = COMPACT_PRIO_ASYNC }; /* Return values for compact_zone() and try_to_compact_pages() */ /* When adding new states, please adjust include/trace/events/compaction.h */ enum compact_result { /* For more detailed tracepoint output - internal to compaction */ COMPACT_NOT_SUITABLE_ZONE, /* * compaction didn't start as it was not possible or direct reclaim * was more suitable */ COMPACT_SKIPPED, /* compaction didn't start as it was deferred due to past failures */ COMPACT_DEFERRED, /* For more detailed tracepoint output - internal to compaction */ COMPACT_NO_SUITABLE_PAGE, /* compaction should continue to another pageblock */ COMPACT_CONTINUE, /* * The full zone was compacted scanned but wasn't successfull to compact * suitable pages. */ COMPACT_COMPLETE, /* * direct compaction has scanned part of the zone but wasn't successfull * to compact suitable pages. */ COMPACT_PARTIAL_SKIPPED, /* compaction terminated prematurely due to lock contentions */ COMPACT_CONTENDED, /* * direct compaction terminated after concluding that the allocation * should now succeed */ COMPACT_SUCCESS, }; struct alloc_context; /* in mm/internal.h */ /* * Number of free order-0 pages that should be available above given watermark * to make sure compaction has reasonable chance of not running out of free * pages that it needs to isolate as migration target during its work. */ static inline unsigned long compact_gap(unsigned int order) { /* * Although all the isolations for migration are temporary, compaction * free scanner may have up to 1 << order pages on its list and then * try to split an (order - 1) free page. At that point, a gap of * 1 << order might not be enough, so it's safer to require twice that * amount. Note that the number of pages on the list is also * effectively limited by COMPACT_CLUSTER_MAX, as that's the maximum * that the migrate scanner can have isolated on migrate list, and free * scanner is only invoked when the number of isolated free pages is * lower than that. But it's not worth to complicate the formula here * as a bigger gap for higher orders than strictly necessary can also * improve chances of compaction success. */ return 2UL << order; } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPACTION extern int sysctl_compact_memory; extern unsigned int sysctl_compaction_proactiveness; extern int sysctl_compaction_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *length, loff_t *ppos); extern int sysctl_extfrag_threshold; extern int sysctl_compact_unevictable_allowed; extern unsigned int extfrag_for_order(struct zone *zone, unsigned int order); extern int fragmentation_index(struct zone *zone, unsigned int order); extern enum compact_result try_to_compact_pages(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order, unsigned int alloc_flags, const struct alloc_context *ac, enum compact_priority prio, struct page **page); extern void reset_isolation_suitable(pg_data_t *pgdat); extern enum compact_result compaction_suitable(struct zone *zone, int order, unsigned int alloc_flags, int highest_zoneidx); extern void defer_compaction(struct zone *zone, int order); extern bool compaction_deferred(struct zone *zone, int order); extern void compaction_defer_reset(struct zone *zone, int order, bool alloc_success); extern bool compaction_restarting(struct zone *zone, int order); /* Compaction has made some progress and retrying makes sense */ static inline bool compaction_made_progress(enum compact_result result) { /* * Even though this might sound confusing this in fact tells us * that the compaction successfully isolated and migrated some * pageblocks. */ if (result == COMPACT_SUCCESS) return true; return false; } /* Compaction has failed and it doesn't make much sense to keep retrying. */ static inline bool compaction_failed(enum compact_result result) { /* All zones were scanned completely and still not result. */ if (result == COMPACT_COMPLETE) return true; return false; } /* Compaction needs reclaim to be performed first, so it can continue. */ static inline bool compaction_needs_reclaim(enum compact_result result) { /* * Compaction backed off due to watermark checks for order-0 * so the regular reclaim has to try harder and reclaim something. */ if (result == COMPACT_SKIPPED) return true; return false; } /* * Compaction has backed off for some reason after doing some work or none * at all. It might be throttling or lock contention. Retrying might be still * worthwhile, but with a higher priority if allowed. */ static inline bool compaction_withdrawn(enum compact_result result) { /* * If compaction is deferred for high-order allocations, it is * because sync compaction recently failed. If this is the case * and the caller requested a THP allocation, we do not want * to heavily disrupt the system, so we fail the allocation * instead of entering direct reclaim. */ if (result == COMPACT_DEFERRED) return true; /* * If compaction in async mode encounters contention or blocks higher * priority task we back off early rather than cause stalls. */ if (result == COMPACT_CONTENDED) return true; /* * Page scanners have met but we haven't scanned full zones so this * is a back off in fact. */ if (result == COMPACT_PARTIAL_SKIPPED) return true; return false; } bool compaction_zonelist_suitable(struct alloc_context *ac, int order, int alloc_flags); extern int kcompactd_run(int nid); extern void kcompactd_stop(int nid); extern void wakeup_kcompactd(pg_data_t *pgdat, int order, int highest_zoneidx); #else static inline void reset_isolation_suitable(pg_data_t *pgdat) { } static inline enum compact_result compaction_suitable(struct zone *zone, int order, int alloc_flags, int highest_zoneidx) { return COMPACT_SKIPPED; } static inline void defer_compaction(struct zone *zone, int order) { } static inline bool compaction_deferred(struct zone *zone, int order) { return true; } static inline bool compaction_made_progress(enum compact_result result) { return false; } static inline bool compaction_failed(enum compact_result result) { return false; } static inline bool compaction_needs_reclaim(enum compact_result result) { return false; } static inline bool compaction_withdrawn(enum compact_result result) { return true; } static inline int kcompactd_run(int nid) { return 0; } static inline void kcompactd_stop(int nid) { } static inline void wakeup_kcompactd(pg_data_t *pgdat, int order, int highest_zoneidx) { } #endif /* CONFIG_COMPACTION */ struct node; #if defined(CONFIG_COMPACTION) && defined(CONFIG_SYSFS) && defined(CONFIG_NUMA) extern int compaction_register_node(struct node *node); extern void compaction_unregister_node(struct node *node); #else static inline int compaction_register_node(struct node *node) { return 0; } static inline void compaction_unregister_node(struct node *node) { } #endif /* CONFIG_COMPACTION && CONFIG_SYSFS && CONFIG_NUMA */ #endif /* _LINUX_COMPACTION_H */
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5221 5222 5223 5224 5225 5226 5227 5228 5229 5230 5231 5232 5233 5234 5235 5236 5237 5238 5239 5240 5241 5242 5243 5244 5245 5246 5247 5248 5249 5250 5251 5252 5253 5254 5255 5256 5257 5258 5259 5260 5261 5262 5263 5264 5265 5266 5267 5268 5269 5270 5271 5272 5273 5274 5275 5276 5277 5278 5279 5280 5281 5282 5283 5284 5285 5286 5287 5288 5289 5290 5291 5292 5293 5294 5295 5296 5297 5298 5299 5300 5301 5302 5303 5304 5305 5306 5307 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/mm/memory.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994 Linus Torvalds */ /* * demand-loading started 01.12.91 - seems it is high on the list of * things wanted, and it should be easy to implement. - Linus */ /* * Ok, demand-loading was easy, shared pages a little bit tricker. Shared * pages started 02.12.91, seems to work. - Linus. * * Tested sharing by executing about 30 /bin/sh: under the old kernel it * would have taken more than the 6M I have free, but it worked well as * far as I could see. * * Also corrected some "invalidate()"s - I wasn't doing enough of them. */ /* * Real VM (paging to/from disk) started 18.12.91. Much more work and * thought has to go into this. Oh, well.. * 19.12.91 - works, somewhat. Sometimes I get faults, don't know why. * Found it. Everything seems to work now. * 20.12.91 - Ok, making the swap-device changeable like the root. */ /* * 05.04.94 - Multi-page memory management added for v1.1. * Idea by Alex Bligh (alex@cconcepts.co.uk) * * 16.07.99 - Support of BIGMEM added by Gerhard Wichert, Siemens AG * (Gerhard.Wichert@pdb.siemens.de) * * Aug/Sep 2004 Changed to four level page tables (Andi Kleen) */ #include <linux/kernel_stat.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/coredump.h> #include <linux/sched/numa_balancing.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/mman.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/memremap.h> #include <linux/ksm.h> #include <linux/rmap.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/delayacct.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/pfn_t.h> #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/mmu_notifier.h> #include <linux/swapops.h> #include <linux/elf.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/migrate.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/debugfs.h> #include <linux/userfaultfd_k.h> #include <linux/dax.h> #include <linux/oom.h> #include <linux/numa.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <trace/events/kmem.h> #include <asm/io.h> #include <asm/mmu_context.h> #include <asm/pgalloc.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/tlb.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include "pgalloc-track.h" #include "internal.h" #if defined(LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS) && !defined(CONFIG_COMPILE_TEST) #warning Unfortunate NUMA and NUMA Balancing config, growing page-frame for last_cpupid. #endif #ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES /* use the per-pgdat data instead for discontigmem - mbligh */ unsigned long max_mapnr; EXPORT_SYMBOL(max_mapnr); struct page *mem_map; EXPORT_SYMBOL(mem_map); #endif /* * A number of key systems in x86 including ioremap() rely on the assumption * that high_memory defines the upper bound on direct map memory, then end * of ZONE_NORMAL. Under CONFIG_DISCONTIG this means that max_low_pfn and * highstart_pfn must be the same; there must be no gap between ZONE_NORMAL * and ZONE_HIGHMEM. */ void *high_memory; EXPORT_SYMBOL(high_memory); /* * Randomize the address space (stacks, mmaps, brk, etc.). * * ( When CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK=y we exclude brk from randomization, * as ancient (libc5 based) binaries can segfault. ) */ int randomize_va_space __read_mostly = #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK 1; #else 2; #endif #ifndef arch_faults_on_old_pte static inline bool arch_faults_on_old_pte(void) { /* * Those arches which don't have hw access flag feature need to * implement their own helper. By default, "true" means pagefault * will be hit on old pte. */ return true; } #endif static int __init disable_randmaps(char *s) { randomize_va_space = 0; return 1; } __setup("norandmaps", disable_randmaps); unsigned long zero_pfn __read_mostly; EXPORT_SYMBOL(zero_pfn); unsigned long highest_memmap_pfn __read_mostly; /* * CONFIG_MMU architectures set up ZERO_PAGE in their paging_init() */ static int __init init_zero_pfn(void) { zero_pfn = page_to_pfn(ZERO_PAGE(0)); return 0; } early_initcall(init_zero_pfn); void mm_trace_rss_stat(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long count) { trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } #if defined(SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING) void sync_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { int i; for (i = 0; i < NR_MM_COUNTERS; i++) { if (current->rss_stat.count[i]) { add_mm_counter(mm, i, current->rss_stat.count[i]); current->rss_stat.count[i] = 0; } } current->rss_stat.events = 0; } static void add_mm_counter_fast(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, int val) { struct task_struct *task = current; if (likely(task->mm == mm)) task->rss_stat.count[member] += val; else add_mm_counter(mm, member, val); } #define inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) add_mm_counter_fast(mm, member, 1) #define dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) add_mm_counter_fast(mm, member, -1) /* sync counter once per 64 page faults */ #define TASK_RSS_EVENTS_THRESH (64) static void check_sync_rss_stat(struct task_struct *task) { if (unlikely(task != current)) return; if (unlikely(task->rss_stat.events++ > TASK_RSS_EVENTS_THRESH)) sync_mm_rss(task->mm); } #else /* SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING */ #define inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) inc_mm_counter(mm, member) #define dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) dec_mm_counter(mm, member) static void check_sync_rss_stat(struct task_struct *task) { } #endif /* SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING */ /* * Note: this doesn't free the actual pages themselves. That * has been handled earlier when unmapping all the memory regions. */ static void free_pte_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr) { pgtable_t token = pmd_pgtable(*pmd); pmd_clear(pmd); pte_free_tlb(tlb, token, addr); mm_dec_nr_ptes(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_pmd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd)) continue; free_pte_range(tlb, pmd, addr); } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= PUD_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PUD_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, start); pud_clear(pud); pmd_free_tlb(tlb, pmd, start); mm_dec_nr_pmds(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_pud_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) continue; free_pmd_range(tlb, pud, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= P4D_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= P4D_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; pud = pud_offset(p4d, start); p4d_clear(p4d); pud_free_tlb(tlb, pud, start); mm_dec_nr_puds(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_p4d_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) continue; free_pud_range(tlb, p4d, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= PGDIR_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PGDIR_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, start); pgd_clear(pgd); p4d_free_tlb(tlb, p4d, start); } /* * This function frees user-level page tables of a process. */ void free_pgd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; /* * The next few lines have given us lots of grief... * * Why are we testing PMD* at this top level? Because often * there will be no work to do at all, and we'd prefer not to * go all the way down to the bottom just to discover that. * * Why all these "- 1"s? Because 0 represents both the bottom * of the address space and the top of it (using -1 for the * top wouldn't help much: the masks would do the wrong thing). * The rule is that addr 0 and floor 0 refer to the bottom of * the address space, but end 0 and ceiling 0 refer to the top * Comparisons need to use "end - 1" and "ceiling - 1" (though * that end 0 case should be mythical). * * Wherever addr is brought up or ceiling brought down, we must * be careful to reject "the opposite 0" before it confuses the * subsequent tests. But what about where end is brought down * by PMD_SIZE below? no, end can't go down to 0 there. * * Whereas we round start (addr) and ceiling down, by different * masks at different levels, in order to test whether a table * now has no other vmas using it, so can be freed, we don't * bother to round floor or end up - the tests don't need that. */ addr &= PMD_MASK; if (addr < floor) { addr += PMD_SIZE; if (!addr) return; } if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PMD_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) end -= PMD_SIZE; if (addr > end - 1) return; /* * We add page table cache pages with PAGE_SIZE, * (see pte_free_tlb()), flush the tlb if we need */ tlb_change_page_size(tlb, PAGE_SIZE); pgd = pgd_offset(tlb->mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; free_p4d_range(tlb, pgd, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); } void free_pgtables(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { while (vma) { struct vm_area_struct *next = vma->vm_next; unsigned long addr = vma->vm_start; /* * Hide vma from rmap and truncate_pagecache before freeing * pgtables */ unlink_anon_vmas(vma); unlink_file_vma(vma); if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma)) { hugetlb_free_pgd_range(tlb, addr, vma->vm_end, floor, next ? next->vm_start : ceiling); } else { /* * Optimization: gather nearby vmas into one call down */ while (next && next->vm_start <= vma->vm_end + PMD_SIZE && !is_vm_hugetlb_page(next)) { vma = next; next = vma->vm_next; unlink_anon_vmas(vma); unlink_file_vma(vma); } free_pgd_range(tlb, addr, vma->vm_end, floor, next ? next->vm_start : ceiling); } vma = next; } } int __pte_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { spinlock_t *ptl; pgtable_t new = pte_alloc_one(mm); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; /* * Ensure all pte setup (eg. pte page lock and page clearing) are * visible before the pte is made visible to other CPUs by being * put into page tables. * * The other side of the story is the pointer chasing in the page * table walking code (when walking the page table without locking; * ie. most of the time). Fortunately, these data accesses consist * of a chain of data-dependent loads, meaning most CPUs (alpha * being the notable exception) will already guarantee loads are * seen in-order. See the alpha page table accessors for the * smp_rmb() barriers in page table walking code. */ smp_wmb(); /* Could be smp_wmb__xxx(before|after)_spin_lock */ ptl = pmd_lock(mm, pmd); if (likely(pmd_none(*pmd))) { /* Has another populated it ? */ mm_inc_nr_ptes(mm); pmd_populate(mm, pmd, new); new = NULL; } spin_unlock(ptl); if (new) pte_free(mm, new); return 0; } int __pte_alloc_kernel(pmd_t *pmd) { pte_t *new = pte_alloc_one_kernel(&init_mm); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock); if (likely(pmd_none(*pmd))) { /* Has another populated it ? */ pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, pmd, new); new = NULL; } spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock); if (new) pte_free_kernel(&init_mm, new); return 0; } static inline void init_rss_vec(int *rss) { memset(rss, 0, sizeof(int) * NR_MM_COUNTERS); } static inline void add_mm_rss_vec(struct mm_struct *mm, int *rss) { int i; if (current->mm == mm) sync_mm_rss(mm); for (i = 0; i < NR_MM_COUNTERS; i++) if (rss[i]) add_mm_counter(mm, i, rss[i]); } /* * This function is called to print an error when a bad pte * is found. For example, we might have a PFN-mapped pte in * a region that doesn't allow it. * * The calling function must still handle the error. */ static void print_bad_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte, struct page *page) { pgd_t *pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr); p4d_t *p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); pud_t *pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); pmd_t *pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); struct address_space *mapping; pgoff_t index; static unsigned long resume; static unsigned long nr_shown; static unsigned long nr_unshown; /* * Allow a burst of 60 reports, then keep quiet for that minute; * or allow a steady drip of one report per second. */ if (nr_shown == 60) { if (time_before(jiffies, resume)) { nr_unshown++; return; } if (nr_unshown) { pr_alert("BUG: Bad page map: %lu messages suppressed\n", nr_unshown); nr_unshown = 0; } nr_shown = 0; } if (nr_shown++ == 0) resume = jiffies + 60 * HZ; mapping = vma->vm_file ? vma->vm_file->f_mapping : NULL; index = linear_page_index(vma, addr); pr_alert("BUG: Bad page map in process %s pte:%08llx pmd:%08llx\n", current->comm, (long long)pte_val(pte), (long long)pmd_val(*pmd)); if (page) dump_page(page, "bad pte"); pr_alert("addr:%px vm_flags:%08lx anon_vma:%px mapping:%px index:%lx\n", (void *)addr, vma->vm_flags, vma->anon_vma, mapping, index); pr_alert("file:%pD fault:%ps mmap:%ps readpage:%ps\n", vma->vm_file, vma->vm_ops ? vma->vm_ops->fault : NULL, vma->vm_file ? vma->vm_file->f_op->mmap : NULL, mapping ? mapping->a_ops->readpage : NULL); dump_stack(); add_taint(TAINT_BAD_PAGE, LOCKDEP_NOW_UNRELIABLE); } /* * vm_normal_page -- This function gets the "struct page" associated with a pte. * * "Special" mappings do not wish to be associated with a "struct page" (either * it doesn't exist, or it exists but they don't want to touch it). In this * case, NULL is returned here. "Normal" mappings do have a struct page. * * There are 2 broad cases. Firstly, an architecture may define a pte_special() * pte bit, in which case this function is trivial. Secondly, an architecture * may not have a spare pte bit, which requires a more complicated scheme, * described below. * * A raw VM_PFNMAP mapping (ie. one that is not COWed) is always considered a * special mapping (even if there are underlying and valid "struct pages"). * COWed pages of a VM_PFNMAP are always normal. * * The way we recognize COWed pages within VM_PFNMAP mappings is through the * rules set up by "remap_pfn_range()": the vma will have the VM_PFNMAP bit * set, and the vm_pgoff will point to the first PFN mapped: thus every special * mapping will always honor the rule * * pfn_of_page == vma->vm_pgoff + ((addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT) * * And for normal mappings this is false. * * This restricts such mappings to be a linear translation from virtual address * to pfn. To get around this restriction, we allow arbitrary mappings so long * as the vma is not a COW mapping; in that case, we know that all ptes are * special (because none can have been COWed). * * * In order to support COW of arbitrary special mappings, we have VM_MIXEDMAP. * * VM_MIXEDMAP mappings can likewise contain memory with or without "struct * page" backing, however the difference is that _all_ pages with a struct * page (that is, those where pfn_valid is true) are refcounted and considered * normal pages by the VM. The disadvantage is that pages are refcounted * (which can be slower and simply not an option for some PFNMAP users). The * advantage is that we don't have to follow the strict linearity rule of * PFNMAP mappings in order to support COWable mappings. * */ struct page *vm_normal_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte) { unsigned long pfn = pte_pfn(pte); if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL)) { if (likely(!pte_special(pte))) goto check_pfn; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->find_special_page) return vma->vm_ops->find_special_page(vma, addr); if (vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP)) return NULL; if (is_zero_pfn(pfn)) return NULL; if (pte_devmap(pte)) return NULL; print_bad_pte(vma, addr, pte, NULL); return NULL; } /* !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL case follows: */ if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) { if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) return NULL; goto out; } else { unsigned long off; off = (addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn == vma->vm_pgoff + off) return NULL; if (!is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) return NULL; } } if (is_zero_pfn(pfn)) return NULL; check_pfn: if (unlikely(pfn > highest_memmap_pfn)) { print_bad_pte(vma, addr, pte, NULL); return NULL; } /* * NOTE! We still have PageReserved() pages in the page tables. * eg. VDSO mappings can cause them to exist. */ out: return pfn_to_page(pfn); } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE struct page *vm_normal_page_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t pmd) { unsigned long pfn = pmd_pfn(pmd); /* * There is no pmd_special() but there may be special pmds, e.g. * in a direct-access (dax) mapping, so let's just replicate the * !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL case from vm_normal_page() here. */ if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) { if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) return NULL; goto out; } else { unsigned long off; off = (addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn == vma->vm_pgoff + off) return NULL; if (!is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) return NULL; } } if (pmd_devmap(pmd)) return NULL; if (is_huge_zero_pmd(pmd)) return NULL; if (unlikely(pfn > highest_memmap_pfn)) return NULL; /* * NOTE! We still have PageReserved() pages in the page tables. * eg. VDSO mappings can cause them to exist. */ out: return pfn_to_page(pfn); } #endif /* * copy one vm_area from one task to the other. Assumes the page tables * already present in the new task to be cleared in the whole range * covered by this vma. */ static unsigned long copy_nonpresent_pte(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, struct mm_struct *src_mm, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, unsigned long addr, int *rss) { unsigned long vm_flags = dst_vma->vm_flags; pte_t pte = *src_pte; struct page *page; swp_entry_t entry = pte_to_swp_entry(pte); if (likely(!non_swap_entry(entry))) { if (swap_duplicate(entry) < 0) return entry.val; /* make sure dst_mm is on swapoff's mmlist. */ if (unlikely(list_empty(&dst_mm->mmlist))) { spin_lock(&mmlist_lock); if (list_empty(&dst_mm->mmlist)) list_add(&dst_mm->mmlist, &src_mm->mmlist); spin_unlock(&mmlist_lock); } rss[MM_SWAPENTS]++; } else if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { page = migration_entry_to_page(entry); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; if (is_write_migration_entry(entry) && is_cow_mapping(vm_flags)) { /* * COW mappings require pages in both * parent and child to be set to read. */ make_migration_entry_read(&entry); pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry); if (pte_swp_soft_dirty(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mksoft_dirty(pte); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(src_mm, addr, src_pte, pte); } } else if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); /* * Update rss count even for unaddressable pages, as * they should treated just like normal pages in this * respect. * * We will likely want to have some new rss counters * for unaddressable pages, at some point. But for now * keep things as they are. */ get_page(page); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; page_dup_rmap(page, false); /* * We do not preserve soft-dirty information, because so * far, checkpoint/restore is the only feature that * requires that. And checkpoint/restore does not work * when a device driver is involved (you cannot easily * save and restore device driver state). */ if (is_write_device_private_entry(entry) && is_cow_mapping(vm_flags)) { make_device_private_entry_read(&entry); pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(src_mm, addr, src_pte, pte); } } if (!userfaultfd_wp(dst_vma)) pte = pte_swp_clear_uffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(dst_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } /* * Copy a present and normal page if necessary. * * NOTE! The usual case is that this doesn't need to do * anything, and can just return a positive value. That * will let the caller know that it can just increase * the page refcount and re-use the pte the traditional * way. * * But _if_ we need to copy it because it needs to be * pinned in the parent (and the child should get its own * copy rather than just a reference to the same page), * we'll do that here and return zero to let the caller * know we're done. * * And if we need a pre-allocated page but don't yet have * one, return a negative error to let the preallocation * code know so that it can do so outside the page table * lock. */ static inline int copy_present_page(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, unsigned long addr, int *rss, struct page **prealloc, pte_t pte, struct page *page) { struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; struct page *new_page; if (!is_cow_mapping(src_vma->vm_flags)) return 1; /* * What we want to do is to check whether this page may * have been pinned by the parent process. If so, * instead of wrprotect the pte on both sides, we copy * the page immediately so that we'll always guarantee * the pinned page won't be randomly replaced in the * future. * * The page pinning checks are just "has this mm ever * seen pinning", along with the (inexact) check of * the page count. That might give false positives for * for pinning, but it will work correctly. */ if (likely(!atomic_read(&src_mm->has_pinned))) return 1; if (likely(!page_maybe_dma_pinned(page))) return 1; new_page = *prealloc; if (!new_page) return -EAGAIN; /* * We have a prealloc page, all good! Take it * over and copy the page & arm it. */ *prealloc = NULL; copy_user_highpage(new_page, page, addr, src_vma); __SetPageUptodate(new_page); page_add_new_anon_rmap(new_page, dst_vma, addr, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(new_page, dst_vma); rss[mm_counter(new_page)]++; /* All done, just insert the new page copy in the child */ pte = mk_pte(new_page, dst_vma->vm_page_prot); pte = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(pte), dst_vma); if (userfaultfd_pte_wp(dst_vma, *src_pte)) /* Uffd-wp needs to be delivered to dest pte as well */ pte = pte_wrprotect(pte_mkuffd_wp(pte)); set_pte_at(dst_vma->vm_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } /* * Copy one pte. Returns 0 if succeeded, or -EAGAIN if one preallocated page * is required to copy this pte. */ static inline int copy_present_pte(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, unsigned long addr, int *rss, struct page **prealloc) { struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; unsigned long vm_flags = src_vma->vm_flags; pte_t pte = *src_pte; struct page *page; page = vm_normal_page(src_vma, addr, pte); if (page) { int retval; retval = copy_present_page(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pte, src_pte, addr, rss, prealloc, pte, page); if (retval <= 0) return retval; get_page(page); page_dup_rmap(page, false); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; } /* * If it's a COW mapping, write protect it both * in the parent and the child */ if (is_cow_mapping(vm_flags) && pte_write(pte)) { ptep_set_wrprotect(src_mm, addr, src_pte); pte = pte_wrprotect(pte); } /* * If it's a shared mapping, mark it clean in * the child */ if (vm_flags & VM_SHARED) pte = pte_mkclean(pte); pte = pte_mkold(pte); if (!userfaultfd_wp(dst_vma)) pte = pte_clear_uffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(dst_vma->vm_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } static inline struct page * page_copy_prealloc(struct mm_struct *src_mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { struct page *new_page; new_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, addr); if (!new_page) return NULL; if (mem_cgroup_charge(new_page, src_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) { put_page(new_page); return NULL; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(new_page, GFP_KERNEL); return new_page; } static int copy_pte_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pmd_t *dst_pmd, pmd_t *src_pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pte_t *orig_src_pte, *orig_dst_pte; pte_t *src_pte, *dst_pte; spinlock_t *src_ptl, *dst_ptl; int progress, ret = 0; int rss[NR_MM_COUNTERS]; swp_entry_t entry = (swp_entry_t){0}; struct page *prealloc = NULL; again: progress = 0; init_rss_vec(rss); dst_pte = pte_alloc_map_lock(dst_mm, dst_pmd, addr, &dst_ptl); if (!dst_pte) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } src_pte = pte_offset_map(src_pmd, addr); src_ptl = pte_lockptr(src_mm, src_pmd); spin_lock_nested(src_ptl, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING); orig_src_pte = src_pte; orig_dst_pte = dst_pte; arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { /* * We are holding two locks at this point - either of them * could generate latencies in another task on another CPU. */ if (progress >= 32) { progress = 0; if (need_resched() || spin_needbreak(src_ptl) || spin_needbreak(dst_ptl)) break; } if (pte_none(*src_pte)) { progress++; continue; } if (unlikely(!pte_present(*src_pte))) { entry.val = copy_nonpresent_pte(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pte, src_pte, dst_vma, src_vma, addr, rss); if (entry.val) break; progress += 8; continue; } /* copy_present_pte() will clear `*prealloc' if consumed */ ret = copy_present_pte(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pte, src_pte, addr, rss, &prealloc); /* * If we need a pre-allocated page for this pte, drop the * locks, allocate, and try again. */ if (unlikely(ret == -EAGAIN)) break; if (unlikely(prealloc)) { /* * pre-alloc page cannot be reused by next time so as * to strictly follow mempolicy (e.g., alloc_page_vma() * will allocate page according to address). This * could only happen if one pinned pte changed. */ put_page(prealloc); prealloc = NULL; } progress += 8; } while (dst_pte++, src_pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); spin_unlock(src_ptl); pte_unmap(orig_src_pte); add_mm_rss_vec(dst_mm, rss); pte_unmap_unlock(orig_dst_pte, dst_ptl); cond_resched(); if (entry.val) { if (add_swap_count_continuation(entry, GFP_KERNEL) < 0) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } entry.val = 0; } else if (ret) { WARN_ON_ONCE(ret != -EAGAIN); prealloc = page_copy_prealloc(src_mm, src_vma, addr); if (!prealloc) return -ENOMEM; /* We've captured and resolved the error. Reset, try again. */ ret = 0; } if (addr != end) goto again; out: if (unlikely(prealloc)) put_page(prealloc); return ret; } static inline int copy_pmd_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pud_t *dst_pud, pud_t *src_pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pmd_t *src_pmd, *dst_pmd; unsigned long next; dst_pmd = pmd_alloc(dst_mm, dst_pud, addr); if (!dst_pmd) return -ENOMEM; src_pmd = pmd_offset(src_pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (is_swap_pmd(*src_pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*src_pmd) || pmd_devmap(*src_pmd)) { int err; VM_BUG_ON_VMA(next-addr != HPAGE_PMD_SIZE, src_vma); err = copy_huge_pmd(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pmd, src_pmd, addr, dst_vma, src_vma); if (err == -ENOMEM) return -ENOMEM; if (!err) continue; /* fall through */ } if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(src_pmd)) continue; if (copy_pte_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pmd, src_pmd, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_pmd++, src_pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int copy_pud_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, p4d_t *dst_p4d, p4d_t *src_p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pud_t *src_pud, *dst_pud; unsigned long next; dst_pud = pud_alloc(dst_mm, dst_p4d, addr); if (!dst_pud) return -ENOMEM; src_pud = pud_offset(src_p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_trans_huge(*src_pud) || pud_devmap(*src_pud)) { int err; VM_BUG_ON_VMA(next-addr != HPAGE_PUD_SIZE, src_vma); err = copy_huge_pud(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pud, src_pud, addr, src_vma); if (err == -ENOMEM) return -ENOMEM; if (!err) continue; /* fall through */ } if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(src_pud)) continue; if (copy_pmd_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pud, src_pud, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_pud++, src_pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int copy_p4d_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pgd_t *dst_pgd, pgd_t *src_pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; p4d_t *src_p4d, *dst_p4d; unsigned long next; dst_p4d = p4d_alloc(dst_mm, dst_pgd, addr); if (!dst_p4d) return -ENOMEM; src_p4d = p4d_offset(src_pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(src_p4d)) continue; if (copy_pud_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_p4d, src_p4d, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_p4d++, src_p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } int copy_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma) { pgd_t *src_pgd, *dst_pgd; unsigned long next; unsigned long addr = src_vma->vm_start; unsigned long end = src_vma->vm_end; struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; struct mmu_notifier_range range; bool is_cow; int ret; /* * Don't copy ptes where a page fault will fill them correctly. * Fork becomes much lighter when there are big shared or private * readonly mappings. The tradeoff is that copy_page_range is more * efficient than faulting. */ if (!(src_vma->vm_flags & (VM_HUGETLB | VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP)) && !src_vma->anon_vma) return 0; if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(src_vma)) return copy_hugetlb_page_range(dst_mm, src_mm, src_vma); if (unlikely(src_vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) { /* * We do not free on error cases below as remove_vma * gets called on error from higher level routine */ ret = track_pfn_copy(src_vma); if (ret) return ret; } /* * We need to invalidate the secondary MMU mappings only when * there could be a permission downgrade on the ptes of the * parent mm. And a permission downgrade will only happen if * is_cow_mapping() returns true. */ is_cow = is_cow_mapping(src_vma->vm_flags); if (is_cow) { mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_PROTECTION_PAGE, 0, src_vma, src_mm, addr, end); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); /* * Disabling preemption is not needed for the write side, as * the read side doesn't spin, but goes to the mmap_lock. * * Use the raw variant of the seqcount_t write API to avoid * lockdep complaining about preemptibility. */ mmap_assert_write_locked(src_mm); raw_write_seqcount_begin(&src_mm->write_protect_seq); } ret = 0; dst_pgd = pgd_offset(dst_mm, addr); src_pgd = pgd_offset(src_mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(src_pgd)) continue; if (unlikely(copy_p4d_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pgd, src_pgd, addr, next))) { ret = -ENOMEM; break; } } while (dst_pgd++, src_pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (is_cow) { raw_write_seqcount_end(&src_mm->write_protect_seq); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); } return ret; } static unsigned long zap_pte_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { struct mm_struct *mm = tlb->mm; int force_flush = 0; int rss[NR_MM_COUNTERS]; spinlock_t *ptl; pte_t *start_pte; pte_t *pte; swp_entry_t entry; tlb_change_page_size(tlb, PAGE_SIZE); again: init_rss_vec(rss); start_pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); pte = start_pte; flush_tlb_batched_pending(mm); arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { pte_t ptent = *pte; if (pte_none(ptent)) continue; if (need_resched()) break; if (pte_present(ptent)) { struct page *page; page = vm_normal_page(vma, addr, ptent); if (unlikely(details) && page) { /* * unmap_shared_mapping_pages() wants to * invalidate cache without truncating: * unmap shared but keep private pages. */ if (details->check_mapping && details->check_mapping != page_rmapping(page)) continue; } ptent = ptep_get_and_clear_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); tlb_remove_tlb_entry(tlb, pte, addr); if (unlikely(!page)) continue; if (!PageAnon(page)) { if (pte_dirty(ptent)) { force_flush = 1; set_page_dirty(page); } if (pte_young(ptent) && likely(!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SEQ_READ))) mark_page_accessed(page); } rss[mm_counter(page)]--; page_remove_rmap(page, false); if (unlikely(page_mapcount(page) < 0)) print_bad_pte(vma, addr, ptent, page); if (unlikely(__tlb_remove_page(tlb, page))) { force_flush = 1; addr += PAGE_SIZE; break; } continue; } entry = pte_to_swp_entry(ptent); if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { struct page *page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); if (unlikely(details && details->check_mapping)) { /* * unmap_shared_mapping_pages() wants to * invalidate cache without truncating: * unmap shared but keep private pages. */ if (details->check_mapping != page_rmapping(page)) continue; } pte_clear_not_present_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); rss[mm_counter(page)]--; page_remove_rmap(page, false); put_page(page); continue; } /* If details->check_mapping, we leave swap entries. */ if (unlikely(details)) continue; if (!non_swap_entry(entry)) rss[MM_SWAPENTS]--; else if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { struct page *page; page = migration_entry_to_page(entry); rss[mm_counter(page)]--; } if (unlikely(!free_swap_and_cache(entry))) print_bad_pte(vma, addr, ptent, NULL); pte_clear_not_present_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); add_mm_rss_vec(mm, rss); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); /* Do the actual TLB flush before dropping ptl */ if (force_flush) tlb_flush_mmu_tlbonly(tlb); pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, ptl); /* * If we forced a TLB flush (either due to running out of * batch buffers or because we needed to flush dirty TLB * entries before releasing the ptl), free the batched * memory too. Restart if we didn't do everything. */ if (force_flush) { force_flush = 0; tlb_flush_mmu(tlb); } if (addr != end) { cond_resched(); goto again; } return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_pmd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (is_swap_pmd(*pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*pmd) || pmd_devmap(*pmd)) { if (next - addr != HPAGE_PMD_SIZE) __split_huge_pmd(vma, pmd, addr, false, NULL); else if (zap_huge_pmd(tlb, vma, pmd, addr)) goto next; /* fall through */ } else if (details && details->single_page && PageTransCompound(details->single_page) && next - addr == HPAGE_PMD_SIZE && pmd_none(*pmd)) { spinlock_t *ptl = pmd_lock(tlb->mm, pmd); /* * Take and drop THP pmd lock so that we cannot return * prematurely, while zap_huge_pmd() has cleared *pmd, * but not yet decremented compound_mapcount(). */ spin_unlock(ptl); } /* * Here there can be other concurrent MADV_DONTNEED or * trans huge page faults running, and if the pmd is * none or trans huge it can change under us. This is * because MADV_DONTNEED holds the mmap_lock in read * mode. */ if (pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(pmd)) goto next; next = zap_pte_range(tlb, vma, pmd, addr, next, details); next: cond_resched(); } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_pud_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_trans_huge(*pud) || pud_devmap(*pud)) { if (next - addr != HPAGE_PUD_SIZE) { mmap_assert_locked(tlb->mm); split_huge_pud(vma, pud, addr); } else if (zap_huge_pud(tlb, vma, pud, addr)) goto next; /* fall through */ } if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) continue; next = zap_pmd_range(tlb, vma, pud, addr, next, details); next: cond_resched(); } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_p4d_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) continue; next = zap_pud_range(tlb, vma, p4d, addr, next, details); } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } void unmap_page_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; BUG_ON(addr >= end); tlb_start_vma(tlb, vma); pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; next = zap_p4d_range(tlb, vma, pgd, addr, next, details); } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); tlb_end_vma(tlb, vma); } static void unmap_single_vma(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr, struct zap_details *details) { unsigned long start = max(vma->vm_start, start_addr); unsigned long end; if (start >= vma->vm_end) return; end = min(vma->vm_end, end_addr); if (end <= vma->vm_start) return; if (vma->vm_file) uprobe_munmap(vma, start, end); if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) untrack_pfn(vma, 0, 0); if (start != end) { if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))) { /* * It is undesirable to test vma->vm_file as it * should be non-null for valid hugetlb area. * However, vm_file will be NULL in the error * cleanup path of mmap_region. When * hugetlbfs ->mmap method fails, * mmap_region() nullifies vma->vm_file * before calling this function to clean up. * Since no pte has actually been setup, it is * safe to do nothing in this case. */ if (vma->vm_file) { i_mmap_lock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); __unmap_hugepage_range_final(tlb, vma, start, end, NULL); i_mmap_unlock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); } } else unmap_page_range(tlb, vma, start, end, details); } } /** * unmap_vmas - unmap a range of memory covered by a list of vma's * @tlb: address of the caller's struct mmu_gather * @vma: the starting vma * @start_addr: virtual address at which to start unmapping * @end_addr: virtual address at which to end unmapping * * Unmap all pages in the vma list. * * Only addresses between `start' and `end' will be unmapped. * * The VMA list must be sorted in ascending virtual address order. * * unmap_vmas() assumes that the caller will flush the whole unmapped address * range after unmap_vmas() returns. So the only responsibility here is to * ensure that any thus-far unmapped pages are flushed before unmap_vmas() * drops the lock and schedules. */ void unmap_vmas(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_UNMAP, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, start_addr, end_addr); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < end_addr; vma = vma->vm_next) unmap_single_vma(tlb, vma, start_addr, end_addr, NULL); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); } /** * zap_page_range - remove user pages in a given range * @vma: vm_area_struct holding the applicable pages * @start: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * * Caller must protect the VMA list */ void zap_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long size) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; struct mmu_gather tlb; lru_add_drain(); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, start, start + size); tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, vma->vm_mm, start, range.end); update_hiwater_rss(vma->vm_mm); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < range.end; vma = vma->vm_next) unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, start, range.end, NULL); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, start, range.end); } /** * zap_page_range_single - remove user pages in a given range * @vma: vm_area_struct holding the applicable pages * @address: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * @details: details of shared cache invalidation * * The range must fit into one VMA. */ static void zap_page_range_single(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size, struct zap_details *details) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; struct mmu_gather tlb; lru_add_drain(); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, address, address + size); tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, vma->vm_mm, address, range.end); update_hiwater_rss(vma->vm_mm); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, address, range.end, details); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, address, range.end); } /** * zap_vma_ptes - remove ptes mapping the vma * @vma: vm_area_struct holding ptes to be zapped * @address: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * * This function only unmaps ptes assigned to VM_PFNMAP vmas. * * The entire address range must be fully contained within the vma. * */ void zap_vma_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size) { if (address < vma->vm_start || address + size > vma->vm_end || !(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) return; zap_page_range_single(vma, address, size, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(zap_vma_ptes); static pmd_t *walk_to_pmd(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, addr); if (!p4d) return NULL; pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, addr); if (!pud) return NULL; pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr); if (!pmd) return NULL; VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); return pmd; } pte_t *__get_locked_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, spinlock_t **ptl) { pmd_t *pmd = walk_to_pmd(mm, addr); if (!pmd) return NULL; return pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, ptl); } static int validate_page_before_insert(struct page *page) { if (PageAnon(page) || PageSlab(page) || page_has_type(page)) return -EINVAL; flush_dcache_page(page); return 0; } static int insert_page_into_pte_locked(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { if (!pte_none(*pte)) return -EBUSY; /* Ok, finally just insert the thing.. */ get_page(page); inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, mm_counter_file(page)); page_add_file_rmap(page, false); set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, mk_pte(page, prot)); return 0; } /* * This is the old fallback for page remapping. * * For historical reasons, it only allows reserved pages. Only * old drivers should use this, and they needed to mark their * pages reserved for the old functions anyway. */ static int insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; int retval; pte_t *pte; spinlock_t *ptl; retval = validate_page_before_insert(page); if (retval) goto out; retval = -ENOMEM; pte = get_locked_pte(mm, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) goto out; retval = insert_page_into_pte_locked(mm, pte, addr, page, prot); pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl); out: return retval; } #ifdef pte_index static int insert_page_in_batch_locked(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { int err; if (!page_count(page)) return -EINVAL; err = validate_page_before_insert(page); if (err) return err; return insert_page_into_pte_locked(mm, pte, addr, page, prot); } /* insert_pages() amortizes the cost of spinlock operations * when inserting pages in a loop. Arch *must* define pte_index. */ static int insert_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page **pages, unsigned long *num, pgprot_t prot) { pmd_t *pmd = NULL; pte_t *start_pte, *pte; spinlock_t *pte_lock; struct mm_struct *const mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long curr_page_idx = 0; unsigned long remaining_pages_total = *num; unsigned long pages_to_write_in_pmd; int ret; more: ret = -EFAULT; pmd = walk_to_pmd(mm, addr); if (!pmd) goto out; pages_to_write_in_pmd = min_t(unsigned long, remaining_pages_total, PTRS_PER_PTE - pte_index(addr)); /* Allocate the PTE if necessary; takes PMD lock once only. */ ret = -ENOMEM; if (pte_alloc(mm, pmd)) goto out; while (pages_to_write_in_pmd) { int pte_idx = 0; const int batch_size = min_t(int, pages_to_write_in_pmd, 8); start_pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &pte_lock); for (pte = start_pte; pte_idx < batch_size; ++pte, ++pte_idx) { int err = insert_page_in_batch_locked(mm, pte, addr, pages[curr_page_idx], prot); if (unlikely(err)) { pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, pte_lock); ret = err; remaining_pages_total -= pte_idx; goto out; } addr += PAGE_SIZE; ++curr_page_idx; } pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, pte_lock); pages_to_write_in_pmd -= batch_size; remaining_pages_total -= batch_size; } if (remaining_pages_total) goto more; ret = 0; out: *num = remaining_pages_total; return ret; } #endif /* ifdef pte_index */ /** * vm_insert_pages - insert multiple pages into user vma, batching the pmd lock. * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target start user address of these pages * @pages: source kernel pages * @num: in: number of pages to map. out: number of pages that were *not* * mapped. (0 means all pages were successfully mapped). * * Preferred over vm_insert_page() when inserting multiple pages. * * In case of error, we may have mapped a subset of the provided * pages. It is the caller's responsibility to account for this case. * * The same restrictions apply as in vm_insert_page(). */ int vm_insert_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page **pages, unsigned long *num) { #ifdef pte_index const unsigned long end_addr = addr + (*num * PAGE_SIZE) - 1; if (addr < vma->vm_start || end_addr >= vma->vm_end) return -EFAULT; if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP)) { BUG_ON(mmap_read_trylock(vma->vm_mm)); BUG_ON(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP); vma->vm_flags |= VM_MIXEDMAP; } /* Defer page refcount checking till we're about to map that page. */ return insert_pages(vma, addr, pages, num, vma->vm_page_prot); #else unsigned long idx = 0, pgcount = *num; int err = -EINVAL; for (; idx < pgcount; ++idx) { err = vm_insert_page(vma, addr + (PAGE_SIZE * idx), pages[idx]); if (err) break; } *num = pgcount - idx; return err; #endif /* ifdef pte_index */ } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_pages); /** * vm_insert_page - insert single page into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @page: source kernel page * * This allows drivers to insert individual pages they've allocated * into a user vma. * * The page has to be a nice clean _individual_ kernel allocation. * If you allocate a compound page, you need to have marked it as * such (__GFP_COMP), or manually just split the page up yourself * (see split_page()). * * NOTE! Traditionally this was done with "remap_pfn_range()" which * took an arbitrary page protection parameter. This doesn't allow * that. Your vma protection will have to be set up correctly, which * means that if you want a shared writable mapping, you'd better * ask for a shared writable mapping! * * The page does not need to be reserved. * * Usually this function is called from f_op->mmap() handler * under mm->mmap_lock write-lock, so it can change vma->vm_flags. * Caller must set VM_MIXEDMAP on vma if it wants to call this * function from other places, for example from page-fault handler. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int vm_insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page *page) { if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return -EFAULT; if (!page_count(page)) return -EINVAL; if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP)) { BUG_ON(mmap_read_trylock(vma->vm_mm)); BUG_ON(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP); vma->vm_flags |= VM_MIXEDMAP; } return insert_page(vma, addr, page, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_page); /* * __vm_map_pages - maps range of kernel pages into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * @offset: user's requested vm_pgoff * * This allows drivers to map range of kernel pages into a user vma. * * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ static int __vm_map_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num, unsigned long offset) { unsigned long count = vma_pages(vma); unsigned long uaddr = vma->vm_start; int ret, i; /* Fail if the user requested offset is beyond the end of the object */ if (offset >= num) return -ENXIO; /* Fail if the user requested size exceeds available object size */ if (count > num - offset) return -ENXIO; for (i = 0; i < count; i++) { ret = vm_insert_page(vma, uaddr, pages[offset + i]); if (ret < 0) return ret; uaddr += PAGE_SIZE; } return 0; } /** * vm_map_pages - maps range of kernel pages starts with non zero offset * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * * Maps an object consisting of @num pages, catering for the user's * requested vm_pgoff * * If we fail to insert any page into the vma, the function will return * immediately leaving any previously inserted pages present. Callers * from the mmap handler may immediately return the error as their caller * will destroy the vma, removing any successfully inserted pages. Other * callers should make their own arrangements for calling unmap_region(). * * Context: Process context. Called by mmap handlers. * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ int vm_map_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num) { return __vm_map_pages(vma, pages, num, vma->vm_pgoff); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_map_pages); /** * vm_map_pages_zero - map range of kernel pages starts with zero offset * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * * Similar to vm_map_pages(), except that it explicitly sets the offset * to 0. This function is intended for the drivers that did not consider * vm_pgoff. * * Context: Process context. Called by mmap handlers. * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ int vm_map_pages_zero(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num) { return __vm_map_pages(vma, pages, num, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_map_pages_zero); static vm_fault_t insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t prot, bool mkwrite) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; pte_t *pte, entry; spinlock_t *ptl; pte = get_locked_pte(mm, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (!pte_none(*pte)) { if (mkwrite) { /* * For read faults on private mappings the PFN passed * in may not match the PFN we have mapped if the * mapped PFN is a writeable COW page. In the mkwrite * case we are creating a writable PTE for a shared * mapping and we expect the PFNs to match. If they * don't match, we are likely racing with block * allocation and mapping invalidation so just skip the * update. */ if (pte_pfn(*pte) != pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn)) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(*pte))); goto out_unlock; } entry = pte_mkyoung(*pte); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, addr, pte, entry, 1)) update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, pte); } goto out_unlock; } /* Ok, finally just insert the thing.. */ if (pfn_t_devmap(pfn)) entry = pte_mkdevmap(pfn_t_pte(pfn, prot)); else entry = pte_mkspecial(pfn_t_pte(pfn, prot)); if (mkwrite) { entry = pte_mkyoung(entry); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); } set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, entry); update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, pte); /* XXX: why not for insert_page? */ out_unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } /** * vmf_insert_pfn_prot - insert single pfn into user vma with specified pgprot * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * @pgprot: pgprot flags for the inserted page * * This is exactly like vmf_insert_pfn(), except that it allows drivers * to override pgprot on a per-page basis. * * This only makes sense for IO mappings, and it makes no sense for * COW mappings. In general, using multiple vmas is preferable; * vmf_insert_pfn_prot should only be used if using multiple VMAs is * impractical. * * See vmf_insert_mixed_prot() for a discussion of the implication of using * a value of @pgprot different from that of @vma->vm_page_prot. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t pgprot) { /* * Technically, architectures with pte_special can avoid all these * restrictions (same for remap_pfn_range). However we would like * consistency in testing and feature parity among all, so we should * try to keep these invariants in place for everybody. */ BUG_ON(!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP)) == (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP)); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP) && is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) && pfn_valid(pfn)); if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn, pgprot)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; track_pfn_insert(vma, &pgprot, __pfn_to_pfn_t(pfn, PFN_DEV)); return insert_pfn(vma, addr, __pfn_to_pfn_t(pfn, PFN_DEV), pgprot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_pfn_prot); /** * vmf_insert_pfn - insert single pfn into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * * Similar to vm_insert_page, this allows drivers to insert individual pages * they've allocated into a user vma. Same comments apply. * * This function should only be called from a vm_ops->fault handler, and * in that case the handler should return the result of this function. * * vma cannot be a COW mapping. * * As this is called only for pages that do not currently exist, we * do not need to flush old virtual caches or the TLB. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn) { return vmf_insert_pfn_prot(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_pfn); static bool vm_mixed_ok(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pfn_t pfn) { /* these checks mirror the abort conditions in vm_normal_page */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) return true; if (pfn_t_devmap(pfn)) return true; if (pfn_t_special(pfn)) return true; if (is_zero_pfn(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn))) return true; return false; } static vm_fault_t __vm_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot, bool mkwrite) { int err; BUG_ON(!vm_mixed_ok(vma, pfn)); if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; track_pfn_insert(vma, &pgprot, pfn); if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn), pgprot)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; /* * If we don't have pte special, then we have to use the pfn_valid() * based VM_MIXEDMAP scheme (see vm_normal_page), and thus we *must* * refcount the page if pfn_valid is true (hence insert_page rather * than insert_pfn). If a zero_pfn were inserted into a VM_MIXEDMAP * without pte special, it would there be refcounted as a normal page. */ if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL) && !pfn_t_devmap(pfn) && pfn_t_valid(pfn)) { struct page *page; /* * At this point we are committed to insert_page() * regardless of whether the caller specified flags that * result in pfn_t_has_page() == false. */ page = pfn_to_page(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn)); err = insert_page(vma, addr, page, pgprot); } else { return insert_pfn(vma, addr, pfn, pgprot, mkwrite); } if (err == -ENOMEM) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (err < 0 && err != -EBUSY) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } /** * vmf_insert_mixed_prot - insert single pfn into user vma with specified pgprot * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * @pgprot: pgprot flags for the inserted page * * This is exactly like vmf_insert_mixed(), except that it allows drivers * to override pgprot on a per-page basis. * * Typically this function should be used by drivers to set caching- and * encryption bits different than those of @vma->vm_page_prot, because * the caching- or encryption mode may not be known at mmap() time. * This is ok as long as @vma->vm_page_prot is not used by the core vm * to set caching and encryption bits for those vmas (except for COW pages). * This is ensured by core vm only modifying these page table entries using * functions that don't touch caching- or encryption bits, using pte_modify() * if needed. (See for example mprotect()). * Also when new page-table entries are created, this is only done using the * fault() callback, and never using the value of vma->vm_page_prot, * except for page-table entries that point to anonymous pages as the result * of COW. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, pgprot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed_prot); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed); /* * If the insertion of PTE failed because someone else already added a * different entry in the mean time, we treat that as success as we assume * the same entry was actually inserted. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite); /* * maps a range of physical memory into the requested pages. the old * mappings are removed. any references to nonexistent pages results * in null mappings (currently treated as "copy-on-access") */ static int remap_pte_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pte_t *pte, *mapped_pte; spinlock_t *ptl; int err = 0; mapped_pte = pte = pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return -ENOMEM; arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { BUG_ON(!pte_none(*pte)); if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn, prot)) { err = -EACCES; break; } set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, pte_mkspecial(pfn_pte(pfn, prot))); pfn++; } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); pte_unmap_unlock(mapped_pte, ptl); return err; } static inline int remap_pmd_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr); if (!pmd) return -ENOMEM; VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pte_range(mm, pmd, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int remap_pud_range(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, addr); if (!pud) return -ENOMEM; do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pmd_range(mm, pud, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int remap_p4d_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, addr); if (!p4d) return -ENOMEM; do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pud_range(mm, p4d, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } /** * remap_pfn_range - remap kernel memory to userspace * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target page aligned user address to start at * @pfn: page frame number of kernel physical memory address * @size: size of mapping area * @prot: page protection flags for this mapping * * Note: this is only safe if the mm semaphore is held when called. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int remap_pfn_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; unsigned long end = addr + PAGE_ALIGN(size); struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long remap_pfn = pfn; int err; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!PAGE_ALIGNED(addr))) return -EINVAL; /* * Physically remapped pages are special. Tell the * rest of the world about it: * VM_IO tells people not to look at these pages * (accesses can have side effects). * VM_PFNMAP tells the core MM that the base pages are just * raw PFN mappings, and do not have a "struct page" associated * with them. * VM_DONTEXPAND * Disable vma merging and expanding with mremap(). * VM_DONTDUMP * Omit vma from core dump, even when VM_IO turned off. * * There's a horrible special case to handle copy-on-write * behaviour that some programs depend on. We mark the "original" * un-COW'ed pages by matching them up with "vma->vm_pgoff". * See vm_normal_page() for details. */ if (is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) { if (addr != vma->vm_start || end != vma->vm_end) return -EINVAL; vma->vm_pgoff = pfn; } err = track_pfn_remap(vma, &prot, remap_pfn, addr, PAGE_ALIGN(size)); if (err) return -EINVAL; vma->vm_flags |= VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP | VM_DONTEXPAND | VM_DONTDUMP; BUG_ON(addr >= end); pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); flush_cache_range(vma, addr, end); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_p4d_range(mm, pgd, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) break; } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (err) untrack_pfn(vma, remap_pfn, PAGE_ALIGN(size)); return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(remap_pfn_range); /** * vm_iomap_memory - remap memory to userspace * @vma: user vma to map to * @start: start of the physical memory to be mapped * @len: size of area * * This is a simplified io_remap_pfn_range() for common driver use. The * driver just needs to give us the physical memory range to be mapped, * we'll figure out the rest from the vma information. * * NOTE! Some drivers might want to tweak vma->vm_page_prot first to get * whatever write-combining details or similar. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int vm_iomap_memory(struct vm_area_struct *vma, phys_addr_t start, unsigned long len) { unsigned long vm_len, pfn, pages; /* Check that the physical memory area passed in looks valid */ if (start + len < start) return -EINVAL; /* * You *really* shouldn't map things that aren't page-aligned, * but we've historically allowed it because IO memory might * just have smaller alignment. */ len += start & ~PAGE_MASK; pfn = start >> PAGE_SHIFT; pages = (len + ~PAGE_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn + pages < pfn) return -EINVAL; /* We start the mapping 'vm_pgoff' pages into the area */ if (vma->vm_pgoff > pages) return -EINVAL; pfn += vma->vm_pgoff; pages -= vma->vm_pgoff; /* Can we fit all of the mapping? */ vm_len = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start; if (vm_len >> PAGE_SHIFT > pages) return -EINVAL; /* Ok, let it rip */ return io_remap_pfn_range(vma, vma->vm_start, pfn, vm_len, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_iomap_memory); static int apply_to_pte_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pte_t *pte; int err = 0; spinlock_t *ptl; if (create) { pte = (mm == &init_mm) ? pte_alloc_kernel_track(pmd, addr, mask) : pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return -ENOMEM; } else { pte = (mm == &init_mm) ? pte_offset_kernel(pmd, addr) : pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); } BUG_ON(pmd_huge(*pmd)); arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); if (fn) { do { if (create || !pte_none(*pte)) { err = fn(pte++, addr, data); if (err) break; } } while (addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); } *mask |= PGTBL_PTE_MODIFIED; arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); if (mm != &init_mm) pte_unmap_unlock(pte-1, ptl); return err; } static int apply_to_pmd_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; int err = 0; BUG_ON(pud_huge(*pud)); if (create) { pmd = pmd_alloc_track(mm, pud, addr, mask); if (!pmd) return -ENOMEM; } else { pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); } do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd)) { err = apply_to_pte_range(mm, pmd, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int apply_to_pud_range(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; int err = 0; if (create) { pud = pud_alloc_track(mm, p4d, addr, mask); if (!pud) return -ENOMEM; } else { pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); } do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) { err = apply_to_pmd_range(mm, pud, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int apply_to_p4d_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; int err = 0; if (create) { p4d = p4d_alloc_track(mm, pgd, addr, mask); if (!p4d) return -ENOMEM; } else { p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); } do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) { err = apply_to_pud_range(mm, p4d, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int __apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long start = addr, next; unsigned long end = addr + size; pgtbl_mod_mask mask = 0; int err = 0; if (WARN_ON(addr >= end)) return -EINVAL; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (!create && pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; err = apply_to_p4d_range(mm, pgd, addr, next, fn, data, create, &mask); if (err) break; } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (mask & ARCH_PAGE_TABLE_SYNC_MASK) arch_sync_kernel_mappings(start, start + size); return err; } /* * Scan a region of virtual memory, filling in page tables as necessary * and calling a provided function on each leaf page table. */ int apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data) { return __apply_to_page_range(mm, addr, size, fn, data, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(apply_to_page_range); /* * Scan a region of virtual memory, calling a provided function on * each leaf page table where it exists. * * Unlike apply_to_page_range, this does _not_ fill in page tables * where they are absent. */ int apply_to_existing_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data) { return __apply_to_page_range(mm, addr, size, fn, data, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(apply_to_existing_page_range); /* * handle_pte_fault chooses page fault handler according to an entry which was * read non-atomically. Before making any commitment, on those architectures * or configurations (e.g. i386 with PAE) which might give a mix of unmatched * parts, do_swap_page must check under lock before unmapping the pte and * proceeding (but do_wp_page is only called after already making such a check; * and do_anonymous_page can safely check later on). */ static inline int pte_unmap_same(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, pte_t *page_table, pte_t orig_pte) { int same = 1; #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) if (sizeof(pte_t) > sizeof(unsigned long)) { spinlock_t *ptl = pte_lockptr(mm, pmd); spin_lock(ptl); same = pte_same(*page_table, orig_pte); spin_unlock(ptl); } #endif pte_unmap(page_table); return same; } static inline bool cow_user_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, struct vm_fault *vmf) { bool ret; void *kaddr; void __user *uaddr; bool locked = false; struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long addr = vmf->address; if (likely(src)) { copy_user_highpage(dst, src, addr, vma); return true; } /* * If the source page was a PFN mapping, we don't have * a "struct page" for it. We do a best-effort copy by * just copying from the original user address. If that * fails, we just zero-fill it. Live with it. */ kaddr = kmap_atomic(dst); uaddr = (void __user *)(addr & PAGE_MASK); /* * On architectures with software "accessed" bits, we would * take a double page fault, so mark it accessed here. */ if (arch_faults_on_old_pte() && !pte_young(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte_t entry; vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, addr, &vmf->ptl); locked = true; if (!likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { /* * Other thread has already handled the fault * and update local tlb only */ update_mmu_tlb(vma, addr, vmf->pte); ret = false; goto pte_unlock; } entry = pte_mkyoung(vmf->orig_pte); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, addr, vmf->pte, entry, 0)) update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, vmf->pte); } /* * This really shouldn't fail, because the page is there * in the page tables. But it might just be unreadable, * in which case we just give up and fill the result with * zeroes. */ if (__copy_from_user_inatomic(kaddr, uaddr, PAGE_SIZE)) { if (locked) goto warn; /* Re-validate under PTL if the page is still mapped */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, addr, &vmf->ptl); locked = true; if (!likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { /* The PTE changed under us, update local tlb */ update_mmu_tlb(vma, addr, vmf->pte); ret = false; goto pte_unlock; } /* * The same page can be mapped back since last copy attempt. * Try to copy again under PTL. */ if (__copy_from_user_inatomic(kaddr, uaddr, PAGE_SIZE)) { /* * Give a warn in case there can be some obscure * use-case */ warn: WARN_ON_ONCE(1); clear_page(kaddr); } } ret = true; pte_unlock: if (locked) pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); kunmap_atomic(kaddr); flush_dcache_page(dst); return ret; } static gfp_t __get_fault_gfp_mask(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct file *vm_file = vma->vm_file; if (vm_file) return mapping_gfp_mask(vm_file->f_mapping) | __GFP_FS | __GFP_IO; /* * Special mappings (e.g. VDSO) do not have any file so fake * a default GFP_KERNEL for them. */ return GFP_KERNEL; } /* * Notify the address space that the page is about to become writable so that * it can prohibit this or wait for the page to get into an appropriate state. * * We do this without the lock held, so that it can sleep if it needs to. */ static vm_fault_t do_page_mkwrite(struct vm_fault *vmf) { vm_fault_t ret; struct page *page = vmf->page; unsigned int old_flags = vmf->flags; vmf->flags = FAULT_FLAG_WRITE|FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE; if (vmf->vma->vm_file && IS_SWAPFILE(vmf->vma->vm_file->f_mapping->host)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite(vmf); /* Restore original flags so that caller is not surprised */ vmf->flags = old_flags; if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE))) return ret; if (unlikely(!(ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED))) { lock_page(page); if (!page->mapping) { unlock_page(page); return 0; /* retry */ } ret |= VM_FAULT_LOCKED; } else VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page), page); return ret; } /* * Handle dirtying of a page in shared file mapping on a write fault. * * The function expects the page to be locked and unlocks it. */ static vm_fault_t fault_dirty_shared_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct address_space *mapping; struct page *page = vmf->page; bool dirtied; bool page_mkwrite = vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite; dirtied = set_page_dirty(page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageAnon(page), page); /* * Take a local copy of the address_space - page.mapping may be zeroed * by truncate after unlock_page(). The address_space itself remains * pinned by vma->vm_file's reference. We rely on unlock_page()'s * release semantics to prevent the compiler from undoing this copying. */ mapping = page_rmapping(page); unlock_page(page); if (!page_mkwrite) file_update_time(vma->vm_file); /* * Throttle page dirtying rate down to writeback speed. * * mapping may be NULL here because some device drivers do not * set page.mapping but still dirty their pages * * Drop the mmap_lock before waiting on IO, if we can. The file * is pinning the mapping, as per above. */ if ((dirtied || page_mkwrite) && mapping) { struct file *fpin; fpin = maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(vmf, NULL); balance_dirty_pages_ratelimited(mapping); if (fpin) { fput(fpin); return VM_FAULT_RETRY; } } return 0; } /* * Handle write page faults for pages that can be reused in the current vma * * This can happen either due to the mapping being with the VM_SHARED flag, * or due to us being the last reference standing to the page. In either * case, all we need to do here is to mark the page as writable and update * any related book-keeping. */ static inline void wp_page_reuse(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = vmf->page; pte_t entry; /* * Clear the pages cpupid information as the existing * information potentially belongs to a now completely * unrelated process. */ if (page) page_cpupid_xchg_last(page, (1 << LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT) - 1); flush_cache_page(vma, vmf->address, pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte)); entry = pte_mkyoung(vmf->orig_pte); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry, 1)) update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); count_vm_event(PGREUSE); } /* * Handle the case of a page which we actually need to copy to a new page. * * Called with mmap_lock locked and the old page referenced, but * without the ptl held. * * High level logic flow: * * - Allocate a page, copy the content of the old page to the new one. * - Handle book keeping and accounting - cgroups, mmu-notifiers, etc. * - Take the PTL. If the pte changed, bail out and release the allocated page * - If the pte is still the way we remember it, update the page table and all * relevant references. This includes dropping the reference the page-table * held to the old page, as well as updating the rmap. * - In any case, unlock the PTL and drop the reference we took to the old page. */ static vm_fault_t wp_page_copy(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; struct page *old_page = vmf->page; struct page *new_page = NULL; pte_t entry; int page_copied = 0; struct mmu_notifier_range range; if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) goto oom; if (is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte))) { new_page = alloc_zeroed_user_highpage_movable(vma, vmf->address); if (!new_page) goto oom; } else { new_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (!new_page) goto oom; if (!cow_user_page(new_page, old_page, vmf)) { /* * COW failed, if the fault was solved by other, * it's fine. If not, userspace would re-fault on * the same address and we will handle the fault * from the second attempt. */ put_page(new_page); if (old_page) put_page(old_page); return 0; } } if (mem_cgroup_charge(new_page, mm, GFP_KERNEL)) goto oom_free_new; cgroup_throttle_swaprate(new_page, GFP_KERNEL); __SetPageUptodate(new_page); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, mm, vmf->address & PAGE_MASK, (vmf->address & PAGE_MASK) + PAGE_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); /* * Re-check the pte - we dropped the lock */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { if (old_page) { if (!PageAnon(old_page)) { dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, mm_counter_file(old_page)); inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, MM_ANONPAGES); } } else { inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, MM_ANONPAGES); } flush_cache_page(vma, vmf->address, pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte)); entry = mk_pte(new_page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); /* * Clear the pte entry and flush it first, before updating the * pte with the new entry. This will avoid a race condition * seen in the presence of one thread doing SMC and another * thread doing COW. */ ptep_clear_flush_notify(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); page_add_new_anon_rmap(new_page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(new_page, vma); /* * We call the notify macro here because, when using secondary * mmu page tables (such as kvm shadow page tables), we want the * new page to be mapped directly into the secondary page table. */ set_pte_at_notify(mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); if (old_page) { /* * Only after switching the pte to the new page may * we remove the mapcount here. Otherwise another * process may come and find the rmap count decremented * before the pte is switched to the new page, and * "reuse" the old page writing into it while our pte * here still points into it and can be read by other * threads. * * The critical issue is to order this * page_remove_rmap with the ptp_clear_flush above. * Those stores are ordered by (if nothing else,) * the barrier present in the atomic_add_negative * in page_remove_rmap. * * Then the TLB flush in ptep_clear_flush ensures that * no process can access the old page before the * decremented mapcount is visible. And the old page * cannot be reused until after the decremented * mapcount is visible. So transitively, TLBs to * old page will be flushed before it can be reused. */ page_remove_rmap(old_page, false); } /* Free the old page.. */ new_page = old_page; page_copied = 1; } else { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); } if (new_page) put_page(new_page); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); /* * No need to double call mmu_notifier->invalidate_range() callback as * the above ptep_clear_flush_notify() did already call it. */ mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_only_end(&range); if (old_page) { /* * Don't let another task, with possibly unlocked vma, * keep the mlocked page. */ if (page_copied && (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED)) { lock_page(old_page); /* LRU manipulation */ if (PageMlocked(old_page)) munlock_vma_page(old_page); unlock_page(old_page); } put_page(old_page); } return page_copied ? VM_FAULT_WRITE : 0; oom_free_new: put_page(new_page); oom: if (old_page) put_page(old_page); return VM_FAULT_OOM; } /** * finish_mkwrite_fault - finish page fault for a shared mapping, making PTE * writeable once the page is prepared * * @vmf: structure describing the fault * * This function handles all that is needed to finish a write page fault in a * shared mapping due to PTE being read-only once the mapped page is prepared. * It handles locking of PTE and modifying it. * * The function expects the page to be locked or other protection against * concurrent faults / writeback (such as DAX radix tree locks). * * Return: %VM_FAULT_WRITE on success, %0 when PTE got changed before * we acquired PTE lock. */ vm_fault_t finish_mkwrite_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); /* * We might have raced with another page fault while we released the * pte_offset_map_lock. */ if (!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte)) { update_mmu_tlb(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } wp_page_reuse(vmf); return 0; } /* * Handle write page faults for VM_MIXEDMAP or VM_PFNMAP for a VM_SHARED * mapping */ static vm_fault_t wp_pfn_shared(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->pfn_mkwrite) { vm_fault_t ret; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); vmf->flags |= FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE; ret = vma->vm_ops->pfn_mkwrite(vmf); if (ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)) return ret; return finish_mkwrite_fault(vmf); } wp_page_reuse(vmf); return VM_FAULT_WRITE; } static vm_fault_t wp_page_shared(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret = VM_FAULT_WRITE; get_page(vmf->page); if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite) { vm_fault_t tmp; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); tmp = do_page_mkwrite(vmf); if (unlikely(!tmp || (tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)))) { put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } tmp = finish_mkwrite_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE))) { unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } } else { wp_page_reuse(vmf); lock_page(vmf->page); } ret |= fault_dirty_shared_page(vmf); put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } /* * This routine handles present pages, when users try to write * to a shared page. It is done by copying the page to a new address * and decrementing the shared-page counter for the old page. * * Note that this routine assumes that the protection checks have been * done by the caller (the low-level page fault routine in most cases). * Thus we can safely just mark it writable once we've done any necessary * COW. * * We also mark the page dirty at this point even though the page will * change only once the write actually happens. This avoids a few races, * and potentially makes it more efficient. * * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), with pte both mapped and locked. * We return with mmap_lock still held, but pte unmapped and unlocked. */ static vm_fault_t do_wp_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (userfaultfd_pte_wp(vma, *vmf->pte)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_WP); } /* * Userfaultfd write-protect can defer flushes. Ensure the TLB * is flushed in this case before copying. */ if (unlikely(userfaultfd_wp(vmf->vma) && mm_tlb_flush_pending(vmf->vma->vm_mm))) flush_tlb_page(vmf->vma, vmf->address); vmf->page = vm_normal_page(vma, vmf->address, vmf->orig_pte); if (!vmf->page) { /* * VM_MIXEDMAP !pfn_valid() case, or VM_SOFTDIRTY clear on a * VM_PFNMAP VMA. * * We should not cow pages in a shared writeable mapping. * Just mark the pages writable and/or call ops->pfn_mkwrite. */ if ((vma->vm_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) == (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) return wp_pfn_shared(vmf); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return wp_page_copy(vmf); } /* * Take out anonymous pages first, anonymous shared vmas are * not dirty accountable. */ if (PageAnon(vmf->page)) { struct page *page = vmf->page; /* PageKsm() doesn't necessarily raise the page refcount */ if (PageKsm(page) || page_count(page) != 1) goto copy; if (!trylock_page(page)) goto copy; if (PageKsm(page) || page_mapcount(page) != 1 || page_count(page) != 1) { unlock_page(page); goto copy; } /* * Ok, we've got the only map reference, and the only * page count reference, and the page is locked, * it's dark out, and we're wearing sunglasses. Hit it. */ unlock_page(page); wp_page_reuse(vmf); return VM_FAULT_WRITE; } else if (unlikely((vma->vm_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) == (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED))) { return wp_page_shared(vmf); } copy: /* * Ok, we need to copy. Oh, well.. */ get_page(vmf->page); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return wp_page_copy(vmf); } static void unmap_mapping_range_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr, struct zap_details *details) { zap_page_range_single(vma, start_addr, end_addr - start_addr, details); } static inline void unmap_mapping_range_tree(struct rb_root_cached *root, struct zap_details *details) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; pgoff_t vba, vea, zba, zea; vma_interval_tree_foreach(vma, root, details->first_index, details->last_index) { vba = vma->vm_pgoff; vea = vba + vma_pages(vma) - 1; zba = details->first_index; if (zba < vba) zba = vba; zea = details->last_index; if (zea > vea) zea = vea; unmap_mapping_range_vma(vma, ((zba - vba) << PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_start, ((zea - vba + 1) << PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_start, details); } } /** * unmap_mapping_page() - Unmap single page from processes. * @page: The locked page to be unmapped. * * Unmap this page from any userspace process which still has it mmaped. * Typically, for efficiency, the range of nearby pages has already been * unmapped by unmap_mapping_pages() or unmap_mapping_range(). But once * truncation or invalidation holds the lock on a page, it may find that * the page has been remapped again: and then uses unmap_mapping_page() * to unmap it finally. */ void unmap_mapping_page(struct page *page) { struct address_space *mapping = page->mapping; struct zap_details details = { }; VM_BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page)); VM_BUG_ON(PageTail(page)); details.check_mapping = mapping; details.first_index = page->index; details.last_index = page->index + thp_nr_pages(page) - 1; details.single_page = page; i_mmap_lock_write(mapping); if (unlikely(!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root))) unmap_mapping_range_tree(&mapping->i_mmap, &details); i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); } /** * unmap_mapping_pages() - Unmap pages from processes. * @mapping: The address space containing pages to be unmapped. * @start: Index of first page to be unmapped. * @nr: Number of pages to be unmapped. 0 to unmap to end of file. * @even_cows: Whether to unmap even private COWed pages. * * Unmap the pages in this address space from any userspace process which * has them mmaped. Generally, you want to remove COWed pages as well when * a file is being truncated, but not when invalidating pages from the page * cache. */ void unmap_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t nr, bool even_cows) { struct zap_details details = { }; details.check_mapping = even_cows ? NULL : mapping; details.first_index = start; details.last_index = start + nr - 1; if (details.last_index < details.first_index) details.last_index = ULONG_MAX; i_mmap_lock_write(mapping); if (unlikely(!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root))) unmap_mapping_range_tree(&mapping->i_mmap, &details); i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); } /** * unmap_mapping_range - unmap the portion of all mmaps in the specified * address_space corresponding to the specified byte range in the underlying * file. * * @mapping: the address space containing mmaps to be unmapped. * @holebegin: byte in first page to unmap, relative to the start of * the underlying file. This will be rounded down to a PAGE_SIZE * boundary. Note that this is different from truncate_pagecache(), which * must keep the partial page. In contrast, we must get rid of * partial pages. * @holelen: size of prospective hole in bytes. This will be rounded * up to a PAGE_SIZE boundary. A holelen of zero truncates to the * end of the file. * @even_cows: 1 when truncating a file, unmap even private COWed pages; * but 0 when invalidating pagecache, don't throw away private data. */ void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen, int even_cows) { pgoff_t hba = holebegin >> PAGE_SHIFT; pgoff_t hlen = (holelen + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; /* Check for overflow. */ if (sizeof(holelen) > sizeof(hlen)) { long long holeend = (holebegin + holelen + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (holeend & ~(long long)ULONG_MAX) hlen = ULONG_MAX - hba + 1; } unmap_mapping_pages(mapping, hba, hlen, even_cows); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(unmap_mapping_range); /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), and pte mapped but not yet locked. * We return with pte unmapped and unlocked. * * We return with the mmap_lock locked or unlocked in the same cases * as does filemap_fault(). */ vm_fault_t do_swap_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = NULL, *swapcache; swp_entry_t entry; pte_t pte; int locked; int exclusive = 0; vm_fault_t ret = 0; void *shadow = NULL; if (!pte_unmap_same(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte)) goto out; entry = pte_to_swp_entry(vmf->orig_pte); if (unlikely(non_swap_entry(entry))) { if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { migration_entry_wait(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address); } else if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { vmf->page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); ret = vmf->page->pgmap->ops->migrate_to_ram(vmf); } else if (is_hwpoison_entry(entry)) { ret = VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; } else { print_bad_pte(vma, vmf->address, vmf->orig_pte, NULL); ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } goto out; } delayacct_set_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); page = lookup_swap_cache(entry, vma, vmf->address); swapcache = page; if (!page) { struct swap_info_struct *si = swp_swap_info(entry); if (data_race(si->flags & SWP_SYNCHRONOUS_IO) && __swap_count(entry) == 1) { /* skip swapcache */ page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (page) { int err; __SetPageLocked(page); __SetPageSwapBacked(page); set_page_private(page, entry.val); /* Tell memcg to use swap ownership records */ SetPageSwapCache(page); err = mem_cgroup_charge(page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL); ClearPageSwapCache(page); if (err) { ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; goto out_page; } shadow = get_shadow_from_swap_cache(entry); if (shadow) workingset_refault(page, shadow); lru_cache_add(page); swap_readpage(page, true); } } else { page = swapin_readahead(entry, GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vmf); swapcache = page; } if (!page) { /* * Back out if somebody else faulted in this pte * while we released the pte lock. */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); goto unlock; } /* Had to read the page from swap area: Major fault */ ret = VM_FAULT_MAJOR; count_vm_event(PGMAJFAULT); count_memcg_event_mm(vma->vm_mm, PGMAJFAULT); } else if (PageHWPoison(page)) { /* * hwpoisoned dirty swapcache pages are kept for killing * owner processes (which may be unknown at hwpoison time) */ ret = VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); goto out_release; } locked = lock_page_or_retry(page, vma->vm_mm, vmf->flags); delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); if (!locked) { ret |= VM_FAULT_RETRY; goto out_release; } /* * Make sure try_to_free_swap or reuse_swap_page or swapoff did not * release the swapcache from under us. The page pin, and pte_same * test below, are not enough to exclude that. Even if it is still * swapcache, we need to check that the page's swap has not changed. */ if (unlikely((!PageSwapCache(page) || page_private(page) != entry.val)) && swapcache) goto out_page; page = ksm_might_need_to_copy(page, vma, vmf->address); if (unlikely(!page)) { ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; page = swapcache; goto out_page; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(page, GFP_KERNEL); /* * Back out if somebody else already faulted in this pte. */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) goto out_nomap; if (unlikely(!PageUptodate(page))) { ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; goto out_nomap; } /* * The page isn't present yet, go ahead with the fault. * * Be careful about the sequence of operations here. * To get its accounting right, reuse_swap_page() must be called * while the page is counted on swap but not yet in mapcount i.e. * before page_add_anon_rmap() and swap_free(); try_to_free_swap() * must be called after the swap_free(), or it will never succeed. */ inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); dec_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_SWAPENTS); pte = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); if ((vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && reuse_swap_page(page, NULL)) { pte = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(pte), vma); vmf->flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; ret |= VM_FAULT_WRITE; exclusive = RMAP_EXCLUSIVE; } flush_icache_page(vma, page); if (pte_swp_soft_dirty(vmf->orig_pte)) pte = pte_mksoft_dirty(pte); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte = pte_mkuffd_wp(pte); pte = pte_wrprotect(pte); } set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, pte); arch_do_swap_page(vma->vm_mm, vma, vmf->address, pte, vmf->orig_pte); vmf->orig_pte = pte; /* ksm created a completely new copy */ if (unlikely(page != swapcache && swapcache)) { page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); } else { do_page_add_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, exclusive); } swap_free(entry); if (mem_cgroup_swap_full(page) || (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) || PageMlocked(page)) try_to_free_swap(page); unlock_page(page); if (page != swapcache && swapcache) { /* * Hold the lock to avoid the swap entry to be reused * until we take the PT lock for the pte_same() check * (to avoid false positives from pte_same). For * further safety release the lock after the swap_free * so that the swap count won't change under a * parallel locked swapcache. */ unlock_page(swapcache); put_page(swapcache); } if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) { ret |= do_wp_page(vmf); if (ret & VM_FAULT_ERROR) ret &= VM_FAULT_ERROR; goto out; } /* No need to invalidate - it was non-present before */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out: return ret; out_nomap: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out_page: unlock_page(page); out_release: put_page(page); if (page != swapcache && swapcache) { unlock_page(swapcache); put_page(swapcache); } return ret; } /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), and pte mapped but not yet locked. * We return with mmap_lock still held, but pte unmapped and unlocked. */ static vm_fault_t do_anonymous_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page; vm_fault_t ret = 0; pte_t entry; /* File mapping without ->vm_ops ? */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; /* * Use pte_alloc() instead of pte_alloc_map(). We can't run * pte_offset_map() on pmds where a huge pmd might be created * from a different thread. * * pte_alloc_map() is safe to use under mmap_write_lock(mm) or when * parallel threads are excluded by other means. * * Here we only have mmap_read_lock(mm). */ if (pte_alloc(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd)) return VM_FAULT_OOM; /* See the comment in pte_alloc_one_map() */ if (unlikely(pmd_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd))) return 0; /* Use the zero-page for reads */ if (!(vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && !mm_forbids_zeropage(vma->vm_mm)) { entry = pte_mkspecial(pfn_pte(my_zero_pfn(vmf->address), vma->vm_page_prot)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto unlock; } ret = check_stable_address_space(vma->vm_mm); if (ret) goto unlock; /* Deliver the page fault to userland, check inside PT lock */ if (userfaultfd_missing(vma)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_MISSING); } goto setpte; } /* Allocate our own private page. */ if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) goto oom; page = alloc_zeroed_user_highpage_movable(vma, vmf->address); if (!page) goto oom; if (mem_cgroup_charge(page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) goto oom_free_page; cgroup_throttle_swaprate(page, GFP_KERNEL); /* * The memory barrier inside __SetPageUptodate makes sure that * preceding stores to the page contents become visible before * the set_pte_at() write. */ __SetPageUptodate(page); entry = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); if (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE) entry = pte_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) { update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto release; } ret = check_stable_address_space(vma->vm_mm); if (ret) goto release; /* Deliver the page fault to userland, check inside PT lock */ if (userfaultfd_missing(vma)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); put_page(page); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_MISSING); } inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); setpte: set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); /* No need to invalidate - it was non-present before */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return ret; release: put_page(page); goto unlock; oom_free_page: put_page(page); oom: return VM_FAULT_OOM; } /* * The mmap_lock must have been held on entry, and may have been * released depending on flags and vma->vm_ops->fault() return value. * See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t __do_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret; /* * Preallocate pte before we take page_lock because this might lead to * deadlocks for memcg reclaim which waits for pages under writeback: * lock_page(A) * SetPageWriteback(A) * unlock_page(A) * lock_page(B) * lock_page(B) * pte_alloc_one * shrink_page_list * wait_on_page_writeback(A) * SetPageWriteback(B) * unlock_page(B) * # flush A, B to clear the writeback */ if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd) && !vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } ret = vma->vm_ops->fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY | VM_FAULT_DONE_COW))) return ret; if (unlikely(PageHWPoison(vmf->page))) { if (ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED) unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); vmf->page = NULL; return VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; } if (unlikely(!(ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED))) lock_page(vmf->page); else VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(vmf->page), vmf->page); return ret; } /* * The ordering of these checks is important for pmds with _PAGE_DEVMAP set. * If we check pmd_trans_unstable() first we will trip the bad_pmd() check * inside of pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(). This will end up correctly * returning 1 but not before it spams dmesg with the pmd_clear_bad() output. */ static int pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(pmd_t *pmd) { return pmd_devmap(*pmd) || pmd_trans_unstable(pmd); } static vm_fault_t pte_alloc_one_map(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd)) goto map_pte; if (vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->ptl = pmd_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); if (unlikely(!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) { spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); goto map_pte; } mm_inc_nr_ptes(vma->vm_mm); pmd_populate(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->prealloc_pte); spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } else if (unlikely(pte_alloc(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd))) { return VM_FAULT_OOM; } map_pte: /* * If a huge pmd materialized under us just retry later. Use * pmd_trans_unstable() via pmd_devmap_trans_unstable() instead of * pmd_trans_huge() to ensure the pmd didn't become pmd_trans_huge * under us and then back to pmd_none, as a result of MADV_DONTNEED * running immediately after a huge pmd fault in a different thread of * this mm, in turn leading to a misleading pmd_trans_huge() retval. * All we have to ensure is that it is a regular pmd that we can walk * with pte_offset_map() and we can do that through an atomic read in * C, which is what pmd_trans_unstable() provides. */ if (pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd)) return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; /* * At this point we know that our vmf->pmd points to a page of ptes * and it cannot become pmd_none(), pmd_devmap() or pmd_trans_huge() * for the duration of the fault. If a racing MADV_DONTNEED runs and * we zap the ptes pointed to by our vmf->pmd, the vmf->ptl will still * be valid and we will re-check to make sure the vmf->pte isn't * pte_none() under vmf->ptl protection when we return to * alloc_set_pte(). */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE static void deposit_prealloc_pte(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; pgtable_trans_huge_deposit(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->prealloc_pte); /* * We are going to consume the prealloc table, * count that as nr_ptes. */ mm_inc_nr_ptes(vma->vm_mm); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } static vm_fault_t do_set_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; bool write = vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; unsigned long haddr = vmf->address & HPAGE_PMD_MASK; pmd_t entry; int i; vm_fault_t ret = VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; if (!transhuge_vma_suitable(vma, haddr)) return ret; page = compound_head(page); if (compound_order(page) != HPAGE_PMD_ORDER) return ret; /* * Archs like ppc64 need additonal space to store information * related to pte entry. Use the preallocated table for that. */ if (arch_needs_pgtable_deposit() && !vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } vmf->ptl = pmd_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); if (unlikely(!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) goto out; for (i = 0; i < HPAGE_PMD_NR; i++) flush_icache_page(vma, page + i); entry = mk_huge_pmd(page, vma->vm_page_prot); if (write) entry = maybe_pmd_mkwrite(pmd_mkdirty(entry), vma); add_mm_counter(vma->vm_mm, mm_counter_file(page), HPAGE_PMD_NR); page_add_file_rmap(page, true); /* * deposit and withdraw with pmd lock held */ if (arch_needs_pgtable_deposit()) deposit_prealloc_pte(vmf); set_pmd_at(vma->vm_mm, haddr, vmf->pmd, entry); update_mmu_cache_pmd(vma, haddr, vmf->pmd); /* fault is handled */ ret = 0; count_vm_event(THP_FILE_MAPPED); out: spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); return ret; } #else static vm_fault_t do_set_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { BUILD_BUG(); return 0; } #endif /** * alloc_set_pte - setup new PTE entry for given page and add reverse page * mapping. If needed, the function allocates page table or use pre-allocated. * * @vmf: fault environment * @page: page to map * * Caller must take care of unlocking vmf->ptl, if vmf->pte is non-NULL on * return. * * Target users are page handler itself and implementations of * vm_ops->map_pages. * * Return: %0 on success, %VM_FAULT_ code in case of error. */ vm_fault_t alloc_set_pte(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; bool write = vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; pte_t entry; vm_fault_t ret; if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd) && PageTransCompound(page)) { ret = do_set_pmd(vmf, page); if (ret != VM_FAULT_FALLBACK) return ret; } if (!vmf->pte) { ret = pte_alloc_one_map(vmf); if (ret) return ret; } /* Re-check under ptl */ if (unlikely(!pte_none(*vmf->pte))) { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } flush_icache_page(vma, page); entry = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); if (write) entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); /* copy-on-write page */ if (write && !(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) { inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); } else { inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, mm_counter_file(page)); page_add_file_rmap(page, false); } set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); /* no need to invalidate: a not-present page won't be cached */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); return 0; } /** * finish_fault - finish page fault once we have prepared the page to fault * * @vmf: structure describing the fault * * This function handles all that is needed to finish a page fault once the * page to fault in is prepared. It handles locking of PTEs, inserts PTE for * given page, adds reverse page mapping, handles memcg charges and LRU * addition. * * The function expects the page to be locked and on success it consumes a * reference of a page being mapped (for the PTE which maps it). * * Return: %0 on success, %VM_FAULT_ code in case of error. */ vm_fault_t finish_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct page *page; vm_fault_t ret = 0; /* Did we COW the page? */ if ((vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && !(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) page = vmf->cow_page; else page = vmf->page; /* * check even for read faults because we might have lost our CoWed * page */ if (!(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) ret = check_stable_address_space(vmf->vma->vm_mm); if (!ret) ret = alloc_set_pte(vmf, page); if (vmf->pte) pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return ret; } static unsigned long fault_around_bytes __read_mostly = rounddown_pow_of_two(65536); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS static int fault_around_bytes_get(void *data, u64 *val) { *val = fault_around_bytes; return 0; } /* * fault_around_bytes must be rounded down to the nearest page order as it's * what do_fault_around() expects to see. */ static int fault_around_bytes_set(void *data, u64 val) { if (val / PAGE_SIZE > PTRS_PER_PTE) return -EINVAL; if (val > PAGE_SIZE) fault_around_bytes = rounddown_pow_of_two(val); else fault_around_bytes = PAGE_SIZE; /* rounddown_pow_of_two(0) is undefined */ return 0; } DEFINE_DEBUGFS_ATTRIBUTE(fault_around_bytes_fops, fault_around_bytes_get, fault_around_bytes_set, "%llu\n"); static int __init fault_around_debugfs(void) { debugfs_create_file_unsafe("fault_around_bytes", 0644, NULL, NULL, &fault_around_bytes_fops); return 0; } late_initcall(fault_around_debugfs); #endif /* * do_fault_around() tries to map few pages around the fault address. The hope * is that the pages will be needed soon and this will lower the number of * faults to handle. * * It uses vm_ops->map_pages() to map the pages, which skips the page if it's * not ready to be mapped: not up-to-date, locked, etc. * * This function is called with the page table lock taken. In the split ptlock * case the page table lock only protects only those entries which belong to * the page table corresponding to the fault address. * * This function doesn't cross the VMA boundaries, in order to call map_pages() * only once. * * fault_around_bytes defines how many bytes we'll try to map. * do_fault_around() expects it to be set to a power of two less than or equal * to PTRS_PER_PTE. * * The virtual address of the area that we map is naturally aligned to * fault_around_bytes rounded down to the machine page size * (and therefore to page order). This way it's easier to guarantee * that we don't cross page table boundaries. */ static vm_fault_t do_fault_around(struct vm_fault *vmf) { unsigned long address = vmf->address, nr_pages, mask; pgoff_t start_pgoff = vmf->pgoff; pgoff_t end_pgoff; int off; vm_fault_t ret = 0; nr_pages = READ_ONCE(fault_around_bytes) >> PAGE_SHIFT; mask = ~(nr_pages * PAGE_SIZE - 1) & PAGE_MASK; vmf->address = max(address & mask, vmf->vma->vm_start); off = ((address - vmf->address) >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PTE - 1); start_pgoff -= off; /* * end_pgoff is either the end of the page table, the end of * the vma or nr_pages from start_pgoff, depending what is nearest. */ end_pgoff = start_pgoff - ((vmf->address >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PTE - 1)) + PTRS_PER_PTE - 1; end_pgoff = min3(end_pgoff, vma_pages(vmf->vma) + vmf->vma->vm_pgoff - 1, start_pgoff + nr_pages - 1); if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd)) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vmf->vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) goto out; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } vmf->vma->vm_ops->map_pages(vmf, start_pgoff, end_pgoff); /* Huge page is mapped? Page fault is solved */ if (pmd_trans_huge(*vmf->pmd)) { ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; goto out; } /* ->map_pages() haven't done anything useful. Cold page cache? */ if (!vmf->pte) goto out; /* check if the page fault is solved */ vmf->pte -= (vmf->address >> PAGE_SHIFT) - (address >> PAGE_SHIFT); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out: vmf->address = address; vmf->pte = NULL; return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_read_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret = 0; /* * Let's call ->map_pages() first and use ->fault() as fallback * if page by the offset is not ready to be mapped (cold cache or * something). */ if (vma->vm_ops->map_pages && fault_around_bytes >> PAGE_SHIFT > 1) { ret = do_fault_around(vmf); if (ret) return ret; } ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) return ret; ret |= finish_fault(vmf); unlock_page(vmf->page); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_cow_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret; if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) return VM_FAULT_OOM; vmf->cow_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (!vmf->cow_page) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (mem_cgroup_charge(vmf->cow_page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) { put_page(vmf->cow_page); return VM_FAULT_OOM; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(vmf->cow_page, GFP_KERNEL); ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) goto uncharge_out; if (ret & VM_FAULT_DONE_COW) return ret; copy_user_highpage(vmf->cow_page, vmf->page, vmf->address, vma); __SetPageUptodate(vmf->cow_page); ret |= finish_fault(vmf); unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) goto uncharge_out; return ret; uncharge_out: put_page(vmf->cow_page); return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_shared_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret, tmp; ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) return ret; /* * Check if the backing address space wants to know that the page is * about to become writable */ if (vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite) { unlock_page(vmf->page); tmp = do_page_mkwrite(vmf); if (unlikely(!tmp || (tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)))) { put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } } ret |= finish_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) { unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } ret |= fault_dirty_shared_page(vmf); return ret; } /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults). * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). * If mmap_lock is released, vma may become invalid (for example * by other thread calling munmap()). */ static vm_fault_t do_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *vm_mm = vma->vm_mm; vm_fault_t ret; /* * The VMA was not fully populated on mmap() or missing VM_DONTEXPAND */ if (!vma->vm_ops->fault) { /* * If we find a migration pmd entry or a none pmd entry, which * should never happen, return SIGBUS */ if (unlikely(!pmd_present(*vmf->pmd))) ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; else { vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); /* * Make sure this is not a temporary clearing of pte * by holding ptl and checking again. A R/M/W update * of pte involves: take ptl, clearing the pte so that * we don't have concurrent modification by hardware * followed by an update. */ if (unlikely(pte_none(*vmf->pte))) ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; else ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); } } else if (!(vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE)) ret = do_read_fault(vmf); else if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) ret = do_cow_fault(vmf); else ret = do_shared_fault(vmf); /* preallocated pagetable is unused: free it */ if (vmf->prealloc_pte) { pte_free(vm_mm, vmf->prealloc_pte); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } return ret; } static int numa_migrate_prep(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, int page_nid, int *flags) { get_page(page); count_vm_numa_event(NUMA_HINT_FAULTS); if (page_nid == numa_node_id()) { count_vm_numa_event(NUMA_HINT_FAULTS_LOCAL); *flags |= TNF_FAULT_LOCAL; } return mpol_misplaced(page, vma, addr); } static vm_fault_t do_numa_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = NULL; int page_nid = NUMA_NO_NODE; int last_cpupid; int target_nid; bool migrated = false; pte_t pte, old_pte; bool was_writable = pte_savedwrite(vmf->orig_pte); int flags = 0; /* * The "pte" at this point cannot be used safely without * validation through pte_unmap_same(). It's of NUMA type but * the pfn may be screwed if the read is non atomic. */ vmf->ptl = pte_lockptr(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); spin_lock(vmf->ptl); if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); goto out; } /* * Make it present again, Depending on how arch implementes non * accessible ptes, some can allow access by kernel mode. */ old_pte = ptep_modify_prot_start(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte = pte_modify(old_pte, vma->vm_page_prot); pte = pte_mkyoung(pte); if (was_writable) pte = pte_mkwrite(pte); ptep_modify_prot_commit(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, old_pte, pte); update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); page = vm_normal_page(vma, vmf->address, pte); if (!page) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* TODO: handle PTE-mapped THP */ if (PageCompound(page)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* * Avoid grouping on RO pages in general. RO pages shouldn't hurt as * much anyway since they can be in shared cache state. This misses * the case where a mapping is writable but the process never writes * to it but pte_write gets cleared during protection updates and * pte_dirty has unpredictable behaviour between PTE scan updates, * background writeback, dirty balancing and application behaviour. */ if (!pte_write(pte)) flags |= TNF_NO_GROUP; /* * Flag if the page is shared between multiple address spaces. This * is later used when determining whether to group tasks together */ if (page_mapcount(page) > 1 && (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) flags |= TNF_SHARED; last_cpupid = page_cpupid_last(page); page_nid = page_to_nid(page); target_nid = numa_migrate_prep(page, vma, vmf->address, page_nid, &flags); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); if (target_nid == NUMA_NO_NODE) { put_page(page); goto out; } /* Migrate to the requested node */ migrated = migrate_misplaced_page(page, vma, target_nid); if (migrated) { page_nid = target_nid; flags |= TNF_MIGRATED; } else flags |= TNF_MIGRATE_FAIL; out: if (page_nid != NUMA_NO_NODE) task_numa_fault(last_cpupid, page_nid, 1, flags); return 0; } static inline vm_fault_t create_huge_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return do_huge_pmd_anonymous_page(vmf); if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) return vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PMD); return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } /* `inline' is required to avoid gcc 4.1.2 build error */ static inline vm_fault_t wp_huge_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) { if (userfaultfd_huge_pmd_wp(vmf->vma, orig_pmd)) return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_WP); return do_huge_pmd_wp_page(vmf, orig_pmd); } if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) { vm_fault_t ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PMD); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } /* COW or write-notify handled on pte level: split pmd. */ __split_huge_pmd(vmf->vma, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, false, NULL); return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } static vm_fault_t create_huge_pud(struct vm_fault *vmf) { #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && \ defined(CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD) /* No support for anonymous transparent PUD pages yet */ if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) goto split; if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) { vm_fault_t ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PUD); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } split: /* COW or write-notify not handled on PUD level: split pud.*/ __split_huge_pud(vmf->vma, vmf->pud, vmf->address); #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } static vm_fault_t wp_huge_pud(struct vm_fault *vmf, pud_t orig_pud) { #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE /* No support for anonymous transparent PUD pages yet */ if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) return vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PUD); #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } /* * These routines also need to handle stuff like marking pages dirty * and/or accessed for architectures that don't do it in hardware (most * RISC architectures). The early dirtying is also good on the i386. * * There is also a hook called "update_mmu_cache()" that architectures * with external mmu caches can use to update those (ie the Sparc or * PowerPC hashed page tables that act as extended TLBs). * * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, but allow * concurrent faults). * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our return value. * See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t handle_pte_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { pte_t entry; if (unlikely(pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) { /* * Leave __pte_alloc() until later: because vm_ops->fault may * want to allocate huge page, and if we expose page table * for an instant, it will be difficult to retract from * concurrent faults and from rmap lookups. */ vmf->pte = NULL; } else { /* See comment in pte_alloc_one_map() */ if (pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd)) return 0; /* * A regular pmd is established and it can't morph into a huge * pmd from under us anymore at this point because we hold the * mmap_lock read mode and khugepaged takes it in write mode. * So now it's safe to run pte_offset_map(). */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map(vmf->pmd, vmf->address); vmf->orig_pte = *vmf->pte; /* * some architectures can have larger ptes than wordsize, * e.g.ppc44x-defconfig has CONFIG_PTE_64BIT=y and * CONFIG_32BIT=y, so READ_ONCE cannot guarantee atomic * accesses. The code below just needs a consistent view * for the ifs and we later double check anyway with the * ptl lock held. So here a barrier will do. */ barrier(); if (pte_none(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte_unmap(vmf->pte); vmf->pte = NULL; } } if (!vmf->pte) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return do_anonymous_page(vmf); else return do_fault(vmf); } if (!pte_present(vmf->orig_pte)) return do_swap_page(vmf); if (pte_protnone(vmf->orig_pte) && vma_is_accessible(vmf->vma)) return do_numa_page(vmf); vmf->ptl = pte_lockptr(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); spin_lock(vmf->ptl); entry = vmf->orig_pte; if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, entry))) { update_mmu_tlb(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto unlock; } if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) { if (!pte_write(entry)) return do_wp_page(vmf); entry = pte_mkdirty(entry); } entry = pte_mkyoung(entry); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry, vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE)) { update_mmu_cache(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); } else { /* Skip spurious TLB flush for retried page fault */ if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED) goto unlock; /* * This is needed only for protection faults but the arch code * is not yet telling us if this is a protection fault or not. * This still avoids useless tlb flushes for .text page faults * with threads. */ if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) flush_tlb_fix_spurious_fault(vmf->vma, vmf->address); } unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* * By the time we get here, we already hold the mm semaphore * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t __handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags) { struct vm_fault vmf = { .vma = vma, .address = address & PAGE_MASK, .flags = flags, .pgoff = linear_page_index(vma, address), .gfp_mask = __get_fault_gfp_mask(vma), }; unsigned int dirty = flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; vm_fault_t ret; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address); p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, address); if (!p4d) return VM_FAULT_OOM; vmf.pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, address); if (!vmf.pud) return VM_FAULT_OOM; retry_pud: if (pud_none(*vmf.pud) && __transparent_hugepage_enabled(vma)) { ret = create_huge_pud(&vmf); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { pud_t orig_pud = *vmf.pud; barrier(); if (pud_trans_huge(orig_pud) || pud_devmap(orig_pud)) { /* NUMA case for anonymous PUDs would go here */ if (dirty && !pud_write(orig_pud)) { ret = wp_huge_pud(&vmf, orig_pud); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { huge_pud_set_accessed(&vmf, orig_pud); return 0; } } } vmf.pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, vmf.pud, address); if (!vmf.pmd) return VM_FAULT_OOM; /* Huge pud page fault raced with pmd_alloc? */ if (pud_trans_unstable(vmf.pud)) goto retry_pud; if (pmd_none(*vmf.pmd) && __transparent_hugepage_enabled(vma)) { ret = create_huge_pmd(&vmf); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { pmd_t orig_pmd = *vmf.pmd; barrier(); if (unlikely(is_swap_pmd(orig_pmd))) { VM_BUG_ON(thp_migration_supported() && !is_pmd_migration_entry(orig_pmd)); if (is_pmd_migration_entry(orig_pmd)) pmd_migration_entry_wait(mm, vmf.pmd); return 0; } if (pmd_trans_huge(orig_pmd) || pmd_devmap(orig_pmd)) { if (pmd_protnone(orig_pmd) && vma_is_accessible(vma)) return do_huge_pmd_numa_page(&vmf, orig_pmd); if (dirty && !pmd_write(orig_pmd)) { ret = wp_huge_pmd(&vmf, orig_pmd); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { huge_pmd_set_accessed(&vmf, orig_pmd); return 0; } } } return handle_pte_fault(&vmf); } /** * mm_account_fault - Do page fault accountings * * @regs: the pt_regs struct pointer. When set to NULL, will skip accounting * of perf event counters, but we'll still do the per-task accounting to * the task who triggered this page fault. * @address: the faulted address. * @flags: the fault flags. * @ret: the fault retcode. * * This will take care of most of the page fault accountings. Meanwhile, it * will also include the PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_[MAJ|MIN] perf counter * updates. However note that the handling of PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS should * still be in per-arch page fault handlers at the entry of page fault. */ static inline void mm_account_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, vm_fault_t ret) { bool major; /* * We don't do accounting for some specific faults: * * - Unsuccessful faults (e.g. when the address wasn't valid). That * includes arch_vma_access_permitted() failing before reaching here. * So this is not a "this many hardware page faults" counter. We * should use the hw profiling for that. * * - Incomplete faults (VM_FAULT_RETRY). They will only be counted * once they're completed. */ if (ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_RETRY)) return; /* * We define the fault as a major fault when the final successful fault * is VM_FAULT_MAJOR, or if it retried (which implies that we couldn't * handle it immediately previously). */ major = (ret & VM_FAULT_MAJOR) || (flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED); if (major) current->maj_flt++; else current->min_flt++; /* * If the fault is done for GUP, regs will be NULL. We only do the * accounting for the per thread fault counters who triggered the * fault, and we skip the perf event updates. */ if (!regs) return; if (major) perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_MAJ, 1, regs, address); else perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_MIN, 1, regs, address); } /* * By the time we get here, we already hold the mm semaphore * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ vm_fault_t handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, struct pt_regs *regs) { vm_fault_t ret; __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING); count_vm_event(PGFAULT); count_memcg_event_mm(vma->vm_mm, PGFAULT); /* do counter updates before entering really critical section. */ check_sync_rss_stat(current); if (!arch_vma_access_permitted(vma, flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE, flags & FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION, flags & FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE)) return VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV; /* * Enable the memcg OOM handling for faults triggered in user * space. Kernel faults are handled more gracefully. */ if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_USER) mem_cgroup_enter_user_fault(); if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))) ret = hugetlb_fault(vma->vm_mm, vma, address, flags); else ret = __handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags); if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_USER) { mem_cgroup_exit_user_fault(); /* * The task may have entered a memcg OOM situation but * if the allocation error was handled gracefully (no * VM_FAULT_OOM), there is no need to kill anything. * Just clean up the OOM state peacefully. */ if (task_in_memcg_oom(current) && !(ret & VM_FAULT_OOM)) mem_cgroup_oom_synchronize(false); } mm_account_fault(regs, address, flags, ret); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(handle_mm_fault); #ifndef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED /* * Allocate p4d page table. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { p4d_t *new = p4d_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock); if (pgd_present(*pgd)) /* Another has populated it */ p4d_free(mm, new); else pgd_populate(mm, pgd, new); spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED */ #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED /* * Allocate page upper directory. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address) { pud_t *new = pud_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock); if (!p4d_present(*p4d)) { mm_inc_nr_puds(mm); p4d_populate(mm, p4d, new); } else /* Another has populated it */ pud_free(mm, new); spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED */ #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED /* * Allocate page middle directory. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address) { spinlock_t *ptl; pmd_t *new = pmd_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ ptl = pud_lock(mm, pud); if (!pud_present(*pud)) { mm_inc_nr_pmds(mm); pud_populate(mm, pud, new); } else /* Another has populated it */ pmd_free(mm, new); spin_unlock(ptl); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED */ int follow_invalidate_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, struct mmu_notifier_range *range, pte_t **ptepp, pmd_t **pmdpp, spinlock_t **ptlp) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pte_t *ptep; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address); if (pgd_none(*pgd) || unlikely(pgd_bad(*pgd))) goto out; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, address); if (p4d_none(*p4d) || unlikely(p4d_bad(*p4d))) goto out; pud = pud_offset(p4d, address); if (pud_none(*pud) || unlikely(pud_bad(*pud))) goto out; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address); VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); if (pmd_huge(*pmd)) { if (!pmdpp) goto out; if (range) { mmu_notifier_range_init(range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, NULL, mm, address & PMD_MASK, (address & PMD_MASK) + PMD_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(range); } *ptlp = pmd_lock(mm, pmd); if (pmd_huge(*pmd)) { *pmdpp = pmd; return 0; } spin_unlock(*ptlp); if (range) mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(range); } if (pmd_none(*pmd) || unlikely(pmd_bad(*pmd))) goto out; if (range) { mmu_notifier_range_init(range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, NULL, mm, address & PAGE_MASK, (address & PAGE_MASK) + PAGE_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(range); } ptep = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp); if (!pte_present(*ptep)) goto unlock; *ptepp = ptep; return 0; unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, *ptlp); if (range) mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(range); out: return -EINVAL; } /** * follow_pte - look up PTE at a user virtual address * @mm: the mm_struct of the target address space * @address: user virtual address * @ptepp: location to store found PTE * @ptlp: location to store the lock for the PTE * * On a successful return, the pointer to the PTE is stored in @ptepp; * the corresponding lock is taken and its location is stored in @ptlp. * The contents of the PTE are only stable until @ptlp is released; * any further use, if any, must be protected against invalidation * with MMU notifiers. * * Only IO mappings and raw PFN mappings are allowed. The mmap semaphore * should be taken for read. * * KVM uses this function. While it is arguably less bad than ``follow_pfn``, * it is not a good general-purpose API. * * Return: zero on success, -ve otherwise. */ int follow_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t **ptepp, spinlock_t **ptlp) { return follow_invalidate_pte(mm, address, NULL, ptepp, NULL, ptlp); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(follow_pte); /** * follow_pfn - look up PFN at a user virtual address * @vma: memory mapping * @address: user virtual address * @pfn: location to store found PFN * * Only IO mappings and raw PFN mappings are allowed. * * This function does not allow the caller to read the permissions * of the PTE. Do not use it. * * Return: zero and the pfn at @pfn on success, -ve otherwise. */ int follow_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long *pfn) { int ret = -EINVAL; spinlock_t *ptl; pte_t *ptep; if (!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP))) return ret; ret = follow_pte(vma->vm_mm, address, &ptep, &ptl); if (ret) return ret; *pfn = pte_pfn(*ptep); pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(follow_pfn); #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_IOREMAP_PROT int follow_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, unsigned long *prot, resource_size_t *phys) { int ret = -EINVAL; pte_t *ptep, pte; spinlock_t *ptl; if (!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP))) goto out; if (follow_pte(vma->vm_mm, address, &ptep, &ptl)) goto out; pte = *ptep; if ((flags & FOLL_WRITE) && !pte_write(pte)) goto unlock; *prot = pgprot_val(pte_pgprot(pte)); *phys = (resource_size_t)pte_pfn(pte) << PAGE_SHIFT; ret = 0; unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl); out: return ret; } int generic_access_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, int write) { resource_size_t phys_addr; unsigned long prot = 0; void __iomem *maddr; int offset = addr & (PAGE_SIZE-1); if (follow_phys(vma, addr, write, &prot, &phys_addr)) return -EINVAL; maddr = ioremap_prot(phys_addr, PAGE_ALIGN(len + offset), prot); if (!maddr) return -ENOMEM; if (write) memcpy_toio(maddr + offset, buf, len); else memcpy_fromio(buf, maddr + offset, len); iounmap(maddr); return len; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(generic_access_phys); #endif /* * Access another process' address space as given in mm. If non-NULL, use the * given task for page fault accounting. */ int __access_remote_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; void *old_buf = buf; int write = gup_flags & FOLL_WRITE; if (mmap_read_lock_killable(mm)) return 0; /* ignore errors, just check how much was successfully transferred */ while (len) { int bytes, ret, offset; void *maddr; struct page *page = NULL; ret = get_user_pages_remote(mm, addr, 1, gup_flags, &page, &vma, NULL); if (ret <= 0) { #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_IOREMAP_PROT break; #else /* * Check if this is a VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP VMA, which * we can access using slightly different code. */ vma = find_vma(mm, addr); if (!vma || vma->vm_start > addr) break; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->access) ret = vma->vm_ops->access(vma, addr, buf, len, write); if (ret <= 0) break; bytes = ret; #endif } else { bytes = len; offset = addr & (PAGE_SIZE-1); if (bytes > PAGE_SIZE-offset) bytes = PAGE_SIZE-offset; maddr = kmap(page); if (write) { copy_to_user_page(vma, page, addr, maddr + offset, buf, bytes); set_page_dirty_lock(page); } else { copy_from_user_page(vma, page, addr, buf, maddr + offset, bytes); } kunmap(page); put_page(page); } len -= bytes; buf += bytes; addr += bytes; } mmap_read_unlock(mm); return buf - old_buf; } /** * access_remote_vm - access another process' address space * @mm: the mm_struct of the target address space * @addr: start address to access * @buf: source or destination buffer * @len: number of bytes to transfer * @gup_flags: flags modifying lookup behaviour * * The caller must hold a reference on @mm. * * Return: number of bytes copied from source to destination. */ int access_remote_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags) { return __access_remote_vm(NULL, mm, addr, buf, len, gup_flags); } /* * Access another process' address space. * Source/target buffer must be kernel space, * Do not walk the page table directly, use get_user_pages */ int access_process_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags) { struct mm_struct *mm; int ret; mm = get_task_mm(tsk); if (!mm) return 0; ret = __access_remote_vm(tsk, mm, addr, buf, len, gup_flags); mmput(mm); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(access_process_vm); /* * Print the name of a VMA. */ void print_vma_addr(char *prefix, unsigned long ip) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct vm_area_struct *vma; /* * we might be running from an atomic context so we cannot sleep */ if (!mmap_read_trylock(mm)) return; vma = find_vma(mm, ip); if (vma && vma->vm_file) { struct file *f = vma->vm_file; char *buf = (char *)__get_free_page(GFP_NOWAIT); if (buf) { char *p; p = file_path(f, buf, PAGE_SIZE); if (IS_ERR(p)) p = "?"; printk("%s%s[%lx+%lx]", prefix, kbasename(p), vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start); free_page((unsigned long)buf); } } mmap_read_unlock(mm); } #if defined(CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP) void __might_fault(const char *file, int line) { /* * Some code (nfs/sunrpc) uses socket ops on kernel memory while * holding the mmap_lock, this is safe because kernel memory doesn't * get paged out, therefore we'll never actually fault, and the * below annotations will generate false positives. */ if (uaccess_kernel()) return; if (pagefault_disabled()) return; __might_sleep(file, line, 0); #if defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP) if (current->mm) might_lock_read(&current->mm->mmap_lock); #endif } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__might_fault); #endif #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) || defined(CONFIG_HUGETLBFS) /* * Process all subpages of the specified huge page with the specified * operation. The target subpage will be processed last to keep its * cache lines hot. */ static inline void process_huge_page( unsigned long addr_hint, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page, void (*process_subpage)(unsigned long addr, int idx, void *arg), void *arg) { int i, n, base, l; unsigned long addr = addr_hint & ~(((unsigned long)pages_per_huge_page << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1); /* Process target subpage last to keep its cache lines hot */ might_sleep(); n = (addr_hint - addr) / PAGE_SIZE; if (2 * n <= pages_per_huge_page) { /* If target subpage in first half of huge page */ base = 0; l = n; /* Process subpages at the end of huge page */ for (i = pages_per_huge_page - 1; i >= 2 * n; i--) { cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + i * PAGE_SIZE, i, arg); } } else { /* If target subpage in second half of huge page */ base = pages_per_huge_page - 2 * (pages_per_huge_page - n); l = pages_per_huge_page - n; /* Process subpages at the begin of huge page */ for (i = 0; i < base; i++) { cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + i * PAGE_SIZE, i, arg); } } /* * Process remaining subpages in left-right-left-right pattern * towards the target subpage */ for (i = 0; i < l; i++) { int left_idx = base + i; int right_idx = base + 2 * l - 1 - i; cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + left_idx * PAGE_SIZE, left_idx, arg); cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + right_idx * PAGE_SIZE, right_idx, arg); } } static void clear_gigantic_page(struct page *page, unsigned long addr, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { int i; struct page *p = page; might_sleep(); for (i = 0; i < pages_per_huge_page; i++, p = mem_map_next(p, page, i)) { cond_resched(); clear_user_highpage(p, addr + i * PAGE_SIZE); } } static void clear_subpage(unsigned long addr, int idx, void *arg) { struct page *page = arg; clear_user_highpage(page + idx, addr); } void clear_huge_page(struct page *page, unsigned long addr_hint, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { unsigned long addr = addr_hint & ~(((unsigned long)pages_per_huge_page << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1); if (unlikely(pages_per_huge_page > MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES)) { clear_gigantic_page(page, addr, pages_per_huge_page); return; } process_huge_page(addr_hint, pages_per_huge_page, clear_subpage, page); } static void copy_user_gigantic_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { int i; struct page *dst_base = dst; struct page *src_base = src; for (i = 0; i < pages_per_huge_page; ) { cond_resched(); copy_user_highpage(dst, src, addr + i*PAGE_SIZE, vma); i++; dst = mem_map_next(dst, dst_base, i); src = mem_map_next(src, src_base, i); } } struct copy_subpage_arg { struct page *dst; struct page *src; struct vm_area_struct *vma; }; static void copy_subpage(unsigned long addr, int idx, void *arg) { struct copy_subpage_arg *copy_arg = arg; copy_user_highpage(copy_arg->dst + idx, copy_arg->src + idx, addr, copy_arg->vma); } void copy_user_huge_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, unsigned long addr_hint, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { unsigned long addr = addr_hint & ~(((unsigned long)pages_per_huge_page << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1); struct copy_subpage_arg arg = { .dst = dst, .src = src, .vma = vma, }; if (unlikely(pages_per_huge_page > MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES)) { copy_user_gigantic_page(dst, src, addr, vma, pages_per_huge_page); return; } process_huge_page(addr_hint, pages_per_huge_page, copy_subpage, &arg); } long copy_huge_page_from_user(struct page *dst_page, const void __user *usr_src, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page, bool allow_pagefault) { void *src = (void *)usr_src; void *page_kaddr; unsigned long i, rc = 0; unsigned long ret_val = pages_per_huge_page * PAGE_SIZE; struct page *subpage = dst_page; for (i = 0; i < pages_per_huge_page; i++, subpage = mem_map_next(subpage, dst_page, i)) { if (allow_pagefault) page_kaddr = kmap(subpage); else page_kaddr = kmap_atomic(subpage); rc = copy_from_user(page_kaddr, (const void __user *)(src + i * PAGE_SIZE), PAGE_SIZE); if (allow_pagefault) kunmap(subpage); else kunmap_atomic(page_kaddr); ret_val -= (PAGE_SIZE - rc); if (rc) break; cond_resched(); } return ret_val; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE || CONFIG_HUGETLBFS */ #if USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS && ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS static struct kmem_cache *page_ptl_cachep; void __init ptlock_cache_init(void) { page_ptl_cachep = kmem_cache_create("page->ptl", sizeof(spinlock_t), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); } bool ptlock_alloc(struct page *page) { spinlock_t *ptl; ptl = kmem_cache_alloc(page_ptl_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (!ptl) return false; page->ptl = ptl; return true; } void ptlock_free(struct page *page) { kmem_cache_free(page_ptl_cachep, page->ptl); } #endif
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_CPUFEATURE_H #define _ASM_X86_CPUFEATURE_H #include <asm/processor.h> #if defined(__KERNEL__) && !defined(__ASSEMBLY__) #include <asm/asm.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> enum cpuid_leafs { CPUID_1_EDX = 0, CPUID_8000_0001_EDX, CPUID_8086_0001_EDX, CPUID_LNX_1, CPUID_1_ECX, CPUID_C000_0001_EDX, CPUID_8000_0001_ECX, CPUID_LNX_2, CPUID_LNX_3, CPUID_7_0_EBX, CPUID_D_1_EAX, CPUID_LNX_4, CPUID_7_1_EAX, CPUID_8000_0008_EBX, CPUID_6_EAX, CPUID_8000_000A_EDX, CPUID_7_ECX, CPUID_8000_0007_EBX, CPUID_7_EDX, }; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_FEATURE_NAMES extern const char * const x86_cap_flags[NCAPINTS*32]; extern const char * const x86_power_flags[32]; #define X86_CAP_FMT "%s" #define x86_cap_flag(flag) x86_cap_flags[flag] #else #define X86_CAP_FMT "%d:%d" #define x86_cap_flag(flag) ((flag) >> 5), ((flag) & 31) #endif /* * In order to save room, we index into this array by doing * X86_BUG_<name> - NCAPINTS*32. */ extern const char * const x86_bug_flags[NBUGINTS*32]; #define test_cpu_cap(c, bit) \ test_bit(bit, (unsigned long *)((c)->x86_capability)) /* * There are 32 bits/features in each mask word. The high bits * (selected with (bit>>5) give us the word number and the low 5 * bits give us the bit/feature number inside the word. * (1UL<<((bit)&31) gives us a mask for the feature_bit so we can * see if it is set in the mask word. */ #define CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(maskname, word, bit) \ (((bit)>>5)==(word) && (1UL<<((bit)&31) & maskname##word )) /* * {REQUIRED,DISABLED}_MASK_CHECK below may seem duplicated with the * following BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO() check but when NCAPINTS gets changed, all * header macros which use NCAPINTS need to be changed. The duplicated macro * use causes the compiler to issue errors for all headers so that all usage * sites can be corrected. */ #define REQUIRED_MASK_BIT_SET(feature_bit) \ ( CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 0, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 1, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 2, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 3, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 4, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 5, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 6, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 7, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 8, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 9, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 10, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 11, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 12, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 13, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 14, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 15, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 16, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 17, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(REQUIRED_MASK, 18, feature_bit) || \ REQUIRED_MASK_CHECK || \ BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO(NCAPINTS != 19)) #define DISABLED_MASK_BIT_SET(feature_bit) \ ( CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 0, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 1, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 2, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 3, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 4, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 5, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 6, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 7, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 8, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 9, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 10, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 11, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 12, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 13, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 14, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 15, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 16, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 17, feature_bit) || \ CHECK_BIT_IN_MASK_WORD(DISABLED_MASK, 18, feature_bit) || \ DISABLED_MASK_CHECK || \ BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO(NCAPINTS != 19)) #define cpu_has(c, bit) \ (__builtin_constant_p(bit) && REQUIRED_MASK_BIT_SET(bit) ? 1 : \ test_cpu_cap(c, bit)) #define this_cpu_has(bit) \ (__builtin_constant_p(bit) && REQUIRED_MASK_BIT_SET(bit) ? 1 : \ x86_this_cpu_test_bit(bit, \ (unsigned long __percpu *)&cpu_info.x86_capability)) /* * This macro is for detection of features which need kernel * infrastructure to be used. It may *not* directly test the CPU * itself. Use the cpu_has() family if you want true runtime * testing of CPU features, like in hypervisor code where you are * supporting a possible guest feature where host support for it * is not relevant. */ #define cpu_feature_enabled(bit) \ (__builtin_constant_p(bit) && DISABLED_MASK_BIT_SET(bit) ? 0 : static_cpu_has(bit)) #define boot_cpu_has(bit) cpu_has(&boot_cpu_data, bit) #define set_cpu_cap(c, bit) set_bit(bit, (unsigned long *)((c)->x86_capability)) extern void setup_clear_cpu_cap(unsigned int bit); extern void clear_cpu_cap(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c, unsigned int bit); #define setup_force_cpu_cap(bit) do { \ set_cpu_cap(&boot_cpu_data, bit); \ set_bit(bit, (unsigned long *)cpu_caps_set); \ } while (0) #define setup_force_cpu_bug(bit) setup_force_cpu_cap(bit) #if defined(__clang__) && !defined(CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO) /* * Workaround for the sake of BPF compilation which utilizes kernel * headers, but clang does not support ASM GOTO and fails the build. */ #ifndef __BPF_TRACING__ #warning "Compiler lacks ASM_GOTO support. Add -D __BPF_TRACING__ to your compiler arguments" #endif #define static_cpu_has(bit) boot_cpu_has(bit) #else /* * Static testing of CPU features. Used the same as boot_cpu_has(). It * statically patches the target code for additional performance. Use * static_cpu_has() only in fast paths, where every cycle counts. Which * means that the boot_cpu_has() variant is already fast enough for the * majority of cases and you should stick to using it as it is generally * only two instructions: a RIP-relative MOV and a TEST. */ static __always_inline bool _static_cpu_has(u16 bit) { asm_volatile_goto("1: jmp 6f\n" "2:\n" ".skip -(((5f-4f) - (2b-1b)) > 0) * " "((5f-4f) - (2b-1b)),0x90\n" "3:\n" ".section .altinstructions,\"a\"\n" " .long 1b - .\n" /* src offset */ " .long 4f - .\n" /* repl offset */ " .word %P[always]\n" /* always replace */ " .byte 3b - 1b\n" /* src len */ " .byte 5f - 4f\n" /* repl len */ " .byte 3b - 2b\n" /* pad len */ ".previous\n" ".section .altinstr_replacement,\"ax\"\n" "4: jmp %l[t_no]\n" "5:\n" ".previous\n" ".section .altinstructions,\"a\"\n" " .long 1b - .\n" /* src offset */ " .long 0\n" /* no replacement */ " .word %P[feature]\n" /* feature bit */ " .byte 3b - 1b\n" /* src len */ " .byte 0\n" /* repl len */ " .byte 0\n" /* pad len */ ".previous\n" ".section .altinstr_aux,\"ax\"\n" "6:\n" " testb %[bitnum],%[cap_byte]\n" " jnz %l[t_yes]\n" " jmp %l[t_no]\n" ".previous\n" : : [feature] "i" (bit), [always] "i" (X86_FEATURE_ALWAYS), [bitnum] "i" (1 << (bit & 7)), [cap_byte] "m" (((const char *)boot_cpu_data.x86_capability)[bit >> 3]) : : t_yes, t_no); t_yes: return true; t_no: return false; } #define static_cpu_has(bit) \ ( \ __builtin_constant_p(boot_cpu_has(bit)) ? \ boot_cpu_has(bit) : \ _static_cpu_has(bit) \ ) #endif #define cpu_has_bug(c, bit) cpu_has(c, (bit)) #define set_cpu_bug(c, bit) set_cpu_cap(c, (bit)) #define clear_cpu_bug(c, bit) clear_cpu_cap(c, (bit)) #define static_cpu_has_bug(bit) static_cpu_has((bit)) #define boot_cpu_has_bug(bit) cpu_has_bug(&boot_cpu_data, (bit)) #define boot_cpu_set_bug(bit) set_cpu_cap(&boot_cpu_data, (bit)) #define MAX_CPU_FEATURES (NCAPINTS * 32) #define cpu_have_feature boot_cpu_has #define CPU_FEATURE_TYPEFMT "x86,ven%04Xfam%04Xmod%04X" #define CPU_FEATURE_TYPEVAL boot_cpu_data.x86_vendor, boot_cpu_data.x86, \ boot_cpu_data.x86_model #endif /* defined(__KERNEL__) && !defined(__ASSEMBLY__) */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_CPUFEATURE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SOCKET_H #define _LINUX_SOCKET_H #include <asm/socket.h> /* arch-dependent defines */ #include <linux/sockios.h> /* the SIOCxxx I/O controls */ #include <linux/uio.h> /* iovec support */ #include <linux/types.h> /* pid_t */ #include <linux/compiler.h> /* __user */ #include <uapi/linux/socket.h> struct file; struct pid; struct cred; struct socket; #define __sockaddr_check_size(size) \ BUILD_BUG_ON(((size) > sizeof(struct __kernel_sockaddr_storage))) #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS struct seq_file; extern void socket_seq_show(struct seq_file *seq); #endif typedef __kernel_sa_family_t sa_family_t; /* * 1003.1g requires sa_family_t and that sa_data is char. */ struct sockaddr { sa_family_t sa_family; /* address family, AF_xxx */ char sa_data[14]; /* 14 bytes of protocol address */ }; struct linger { int l_onoff; /* Linger active */ int l_linger; /* How long to linger for */ }; #define sockaddr_storage __kernel_sockaddr_storage /* * As we do 4.4BSD message passing we use a 4.4BSD message passing * system, not 4.3. Thus msg_accrights(len) are now missing. They * belong in an obscure libc emulation or the bin. */ struct msghdr { void *msg_name; /* ptr to socket address structure */ int msg_namelen; /* size of socket address structure */ struct iov_iter msg_iter; /* data */ /* * Ancillary data. msg_control_user is the user buffer used for the * recv* side when msg_control_is_user is set, msg_control is the kernel * buffer used for all other cases. */ union { void *msg_control; void __user *msg_control_user; }; bool msg_control_is_user : 1; __kernel_size_t msg_controllen; /* ancillary data buffer length */ unsigned int msg_flags; /* flags on received message */ struct kiocb *msg_iocb; /* ptr to iocb for async requests */ }; struct user_msghdr { void __user *msg_name; /* ptr to socket address structure */ int msg_namelen; /* size of socket address structure */ struct iovec __user *msg_iov; /* scatter/gather array */ __kernel_size_t msg_iovlen; /* # elements in msg_iov */ void __user *msg_control; /* ancillary data */ __kernel_size_t msg_controllen; /* ancillary data buffer length */ unsigned int msg_flags; /* flags on received message */ }; /* For recvmmsg/sendmmsg */ struct mmsghdr { struct user_msghdr msg_hdr; unsigned int msg_len; }; /* * POSIX 1003.1g - ancillary data object information * Ancillary data consits of a sequence of pairs of * (cmsghdr, cmsg_data[]) */ struct cmsghdr { __kernel_size_t cmsg_len; /* data byte count, including hdr */ int cmsg_level; /* originating protocol */ int cmsg_type; /* protocol-specific type */ }; /* * Ancillary data object information MACROS * Table 5-14 of POSIX 1003.1g */ #define __CMSG_NXTHDR(ctl, len, cmsg) __cmsg_nxthdr((ctl),(len),(cmsg)) #define CMSG_NXTHDR(mhdr, cmsg) cmsg_nxthdr((mhdr), (cmsg)) #define CMSG_ALIGN(len) ( ((len)+sizeof(long)-1) & ~(sizeof(long)-1) ) #define CMSG_DATA(cmsg) \ ((void *)(cmsg) + sizeof(struct cmsghdr)) #define CMSG_USER_DATA(cmsg) \ ((void __user *)(cmsg) + sizeof(struct cmsghdr)) #define CMSG_SPACE(len) (sizeof(struct cmsghdr) + CMSG_ALIGN(len)) #define CMSG_LEN(len) (sizeof(struct cmsghdr) + (len)) #define __CMSG_FIRSTHDR(ctl,len) ((len) >= sizeof(struct cmsghdr) ? \ (struct cmsghdr *)(ctl) : \ (struct cmsghdr *)NULL) #define CMSG_FIRSTHDR(msg) __CMSG_FIRSTHDR((msg)->msg_control, (msg)->msg_controllen) #define CMSG_OK(mhdr, cmsg) ((cmsg)->cmsg_len >= sizeof(struct cmsghdr) && \ (cmsg)->cmsg_len <= (unsigned long) \ ((mhdr)->msg_controllen - \ ((char *)(cmsg) - (char *)(mhdr)->msg_control))) #define for_each_cmsghdr(cmsg, msg) \ for (cmsg = CMSG_FIRSTHDR(msg); \ cmsg; \ cmsg = CMSG_NXTHDR(msg, cmsg)) /* * Get the next cmsg header * * PLEASE, do not touch this function. If you think, that it is * incorrect, grep kernel sources and think about consequences * before trying to improve it. * * Now it always returns valid, not truncated ancillary object * HEADER. But caller still MUST check, that cmsg->cmsg_len is * inside range, given by msg->msg_controllen before using * ancillary object DATA. --ANK (980731) */ static inline struct cmsghdr * __cmsg_nxthdr(void *__ctl, __kernel_size_t __size, struct cmsghdr *__cmsg) { struct cmsghdr * __ptr; __ptr = (struct cmsghdr*)(((unsigned char *) __cmsg) + CMSG_ALIGN(__cmsg->cmsg_len)); if ((unsigned long)((char*)(__ptr+1) - (char *) __ctl) > __size) return (struct cmsghdr *)0; return __ptr; } static inline struct cmsghdr * cmsg_nxthdr (struct msghdr *__msg, struct cmsghdr *__cmsg) { return __cmsg_nxthdr(__msg->msg_control, __msg->msg_controllen, __cmsg); } static inline size_t msg_data_left(struct msghdr *msg) { return iov_iter_count(&msg->msg_iter); } /* "Socket"-level control message types: */ #define SCM_RIGHTS 0x01 /* rw: access rights (array of int) */ #define SCM_CREDENTIALS 0x02 /* rw: struct ucred */ #define SCM_SECURITY 0x03 /* rw: security label */ struct ucred { __u32 pid; __u32 uid; __u32 gid; }; /* Supported address families. */ #define AF_UNSPEC 0 #define AF_UNIX 1 /* Unix domain sockets */ #define AF_LOCAL 1 /* POSIX name for AF_UNIX */ #define AF_INET 2 /* Internet IP Protocol */ #define AF_AX25 3 /* Amateur Radio AX.25 */ #define AF_IPX 4 /* Novell IPX */ #define AF_APPLETALK 5 /* AppleTalk DDP */ #define AF_NETROM 6 /* Amateur Radio NET/ROM */ #define AF_BRIDGE 7 /* Multiprotocol bridge */ #define AF_ATMPVC 8 /* ATM PVCs */ #define AF_X25 9 /* Reserved for X.25 project */ #define AF_INET6 10 /* IP version 6 */ #define AF_ROSE 11 /* Amateur Radio X.25 PLP */ #define AF_DECnet 12 /* Reserved for DECnet project */ #define AF_NETBEUI 13 /* Reserved for 802.2LLC project*/ #define AF_SECURITY 14 /* Security callback pseudo AF */ #define AF_KEY 15 /* PF_KEY key management API */ #define AF_NETLINK 16 #define AF_ROUTE AF_NETLINK /* Alias to emulate 4.4BSD */ #define AF_PACKET 17 /* Packet family */ #define AF_ASH 18 /* Ash */ #define AF_ECONET 19 /* Acorn Econet */ #define AF_ATMSVC 20 /* ATM SVCs */ #define AF_RDS 21 /* RDS sockets */ #define AF_SNA 22 /* Linux SNA Project (nutters!) */ #define AF_IRDA 23 /* IRDA sockets */ #define AF_PPPOX 24 /* PPPoX sockets */ #define AF_WANPIPE 25 /* Wanpipe API Sockets */ #define AF_LLC 26 /* Linux LLC */ #define AF_IB 27 /* Native InfiniBand address */ #define AF_MPLS 28 /* MPLS */ #define AF_CAN 29 /* Controller Area Network */ #define AF_TIPC 30 /* TIPC sockets */ #define AF_BLUETOOTH 31 /* Bluetooth sockets */ #define AF_IUCV 32 /* IUCV sockets */ #define AF_RXRPC 33 /* RxRPC sockets */ #define AF_ISDN 34 /* mISDN sockets */ #define AF_PHONET 35 /* Phonet sockets */ #define AF_IEEE802154 36 /* IEEE802154 sockets */ #define AF_CAIF 37 /* CAIF sockets */ #define AF_ALG 38 /* Algorithm sockets */ #define AF_NFC 39 /* NFC sockets */ #define AF_VSOCK 40 /* vSockets */ #define AF_KCM 41 /* Kernel Connection Multiplexor*/ #define AF_QIPCRTR 42 /* Qualcomm IPC Router */ #define AF_SMC 43 /* smc sockets: reserve number for * PF_SMC protocol family that * reuses AF_INET address family */ #define AF_XDP 44 /* XDP sockets */ #define AF_MAX 45 /* For now.. */ /* Protocol families, same as address families. */ #define PF_UNSPEC AF_UNSPEC #define PF_UNIX AF_UNIX #define PF_LOCAL AF_LOCAL #define PF_INET AF_INET #define PF_AX25 AF_AX25 #define PF_IPX AF_IPX #define PF_APPLETALK AF_APPLETALK #define PF_NETROM AF_NETROM #define PF_BRIDGE AF_BRIDGE #define PF_ATMPVC AF_ATMPVC #define PF_X25 AF_X25 #define PF_INET6 AF_INET6 #define PF_ROSE AF_ROSE #define PF_DECnet AF_DECnet #define PF_NETBEUI AF_NETBEUI #define PF_SECURITY AF_SECURITY #define PF_KEY AF_KEY #define PF_NETLINK AF_NETLINK #define PF_ROUTE AF_ROUTE #define PF_PACKET AF_PACKET #define PF_ASH AF_ASH #define PF_ECONET AF_ECONET #define PF_ATMSVC AF_ATMSVC #define PF_RDS AF_RDS #define PF_SNA AF_SNA #define PF_IRDA AF_IRDA #define PF_PPPOX AF_PPPOX #define PF_WANPIPE AF_WANPIPE #define PF_LLC AF_LLC #define PF_IB AF_IB #define PF_MPLS AF_MPLS #define PF_CAN AF_CAN #define PF_TIPC AF_TIPC #define PF_BLUETOOTH AF_BLUETOOTH #define PF_IUCV AF_IUCV #define PF_RXRPC AF_RXRPC #define PF_ISDN AF_ISDN #define PF_PHONET AF_PHONET #define PF_IEEE802154 AF_IEEE802154 #define PF_CAIF AF_CAIF #define PF_ALG AF_ALG #define PF_NFC AF_NFC #define PF_VSOCK AF_VSOCK #define PF_KCM AF_KCM #define PF_QIPCRTR AF_QIPCRTR #define PF_SMC AF_SMC #define PF_XDP AF_XDP #define PF_MAX AF_MAX /* Maximum queue length specifiable by listen. */ #define SOMAXCONN 4096 /* Flags we can use with send/ and recv. Added those for 1003.1g not all are supported yet */ #define MSG_OOB 1 #define MSG_PEEK 2 #define MSG_DONTROUTE 4 #define MSG_TRYHARD 4 /* Synonym for MSG_DONTROUTE for DECnet */ #define MSG_CTRUNC 8 #define MSG_PROBE 0x10 /* Do not send. Only probe path f.e. for MTU */ #define MSG_TRUNC 0x20 #define MSG_DONTWAIT 0x40 /* Nonblocking io */ #define MSG_EOR 0x80 /* End of record */ #define MSG_WAITALL 0x100 /* Wait for a full request */ #define MSG_FIN 0x200 #define MSG_SYN 0x400 #define MSG_CONFIRM 0x800 /* Confirm path validity */ #define MSG_RST 0x1000 #define MSG_ERRQUEUE 0x2000 /* Fetch message from error queue */ #define MSG_NOSIGNAL 0x4000 /* Do not generate SIGPIPE */ #define MSG_MORE 0x8000 /* Sender will send more */ #define MSG_WAITFORONE 0x10000 /* recvmmsg(): block until 1+ packets avail */ #define MSG_SENDPAGE_NOPOLICY 0x10000 /* sendpage() internal : do no apply policy */ #define MSG_SENDPAGE_NOTLAST 0x20000 /* sendpage() internal : not the last page */ #define MSG_BATCH 0x40000 /* sendmmsg(): more messages coming */ #define MSG_EOF MSG_FIN #define MSG_NO_SHARED_FRAGS 0x80000 /* sendpage() internal : page frags are not shared */ #define MSG_SENDPAGE_DECRYPTED 0x100000 /* sendpage() internal : page may carry * plain text and require encryption */ #define MSG_ZEROCOPY 0x4000000 /* Use user data in kernel path */ #define MSG_FASTOPEN 0x20000000 /* Send data in TCP SYN */ #define MSG_CMSG_CLOEXEC 0x40000000 /* Set close_on_exec for file descriptor received through SCM_RIGHTS */ #if defined(CONFIG_COMPAT) #define MSG_CMSG_COMPAT 0x80000000 /* This message needs 32 bit fixups */ #else #define MSG_CMSG_COMPAT 0 /* We never have 32 bit fixups */ #endif /* Setsockoptions(2) level. Thanks to BSD these must match IPPROTO_xxx */ #define SOL_IP 0 /* #define SOL_ICMP 1 No-no-no! Due to Linux :-) we cannot use SOL_ICMP=1 */ #define SOL_TCP 6 #define SOL_UDP 17 #define SOL_IPV6 41 #define SOL_ICMPV6 58 #define SOL_SCTP 132 #define SOL_UDPLITE 136 /* UDP-Lite (RFC 3828) */ #define SOL_RAW 255 #define SOL_IPX 256 #define SOL_AX25 257 #define SOL_ATALK 258 #define SOL_NETROM 259 #define SOL_ROSE 260 #define SOL_DECNET 261 #define SOL_X25 262 #define SOL_PACKET 263 #define SOL_ATM 264 /* ATM layer (cell level) */ #define SOL_AAL 265 /* ATM Adaption Layer (packet level) */ #define SOL_IRDA 266 #define SOL_NETBEUI 267 #define SOL_LLC 268 #define SOL_DCCP 269 #define SOL_NETLINK 270 #define SOL_TIPC 271 #define SOL_RXRPC 272 #define SOL_PPPOL2TP 273 #define SOL_BLUETOOTH 274 #define SOL_PNPIPE 275 #define SOL_RDS 276 #define SOL_IUCV 277 #define SOL_CAIF 278 #define SOL_ALG 279 #define SOL_NFC 280 #define SOL_KCM 281 #define SOL_TLS 282 #define SOL_XDP 283 /* IPX options */ #define IPX_TYPE 1 extern int move_addr_to_kernel(void __user *uaddr, int ulen, struct sockaddr_storage *kaddr); extern int put_cmsg(struct msghdr*, int level, int type, int len, void *data); struct timespec64; struct __kernel_timespec; struct old_timespec32; struct scm_timestamping_internal { struct timespec64 ts[3]; }; extern void put_cmsg_scm_timestamping64(struct msghdr *msg, struct scm_timestamping_internal *tss); extern void put_cmsg_scm_timestamping(struct msghdr *msg, struct scm_timestamping_internal *tss); /* The __sys_...msg variants allow MSG_CMSG_COMPAT iff * forbid_cmsg_compat==false */ extern long __sys_recvmsg(int fd, struct user_msghdr __user *msg, unsigned int flags, bool forbid_cmsg_compat); extern long __sys_sendmsg(int fd, struct user_msghdr __user *msg, unsigned int flags, bool forbid_cmsg_compat); extern int __sys_recvmmsg(int fd, struct mmsghdr __user *mmsg, unsigned int vlen, unsigned int flags, struct __kernel_timespec __user *timeout, struct old_timespec32 __user *timeout32); extern int __sys_sendmmsg(int fd, struct mmsghdr __user *mmsg, unsigned int vlen, unsigned int flags, bool forbid_cmsg_compat); extern long __sys_sendmsg_sock(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, unsigned int flags); extern long __sys_recvmsg_sock(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, struct user_msghdr __user *umsg, struct sockaddr __user *uaddr, unsigned int flags); extern int sendmsg_copy_msghdr(struct msghdr *msg, struct user_msghdr __user *umsg, unsigned flags, struct iovec **iov); extern int recvmsg_copy_msghdr(struct msghdr *msg, struct user_msghdr __user *umsg, unsigned flags, struct sockaddr __user **uaddr, struct iovec **iov); extern int __copy_msghdr_from_user(struct msghdr *kmsg, struct user_msghdr __user *umsg, struct sockaddr __user **save_addr, struct iovec __user **uiov, size_t *nsegs); /* helpers which do the actual work for syscalls */ extern int __sys_recvfrom(int fd, void __user *ubuf, size_t size, unsigned int flags, struct sockaddr __user *addr, int __user *addr_len); extern int __sys_sendto(int fd, void __user *buff, size_t len, unsigned int flags, struct sockaddr __user *addr, int addr_len); extern int __sys_accept4_file(struct file *file, unsigned file_flags, struct sockaddr __user *upeer_sockaddr, int __user *upeer_addrlen, int flags, unsigned long nofile); extern int __sys_accept4(int fd, struct sockaddr __user *upeer_sockaddr, int __user *upeer_addrlen, int flags); extern int __sys_socket(int family, int type, int protocol); extern int __sys_bind(int fd, struct sockaddr __user *umyaddr, int addrlen); extern int __sys_connect_file(struct file *file, struct sockaddr_storage *addr, int addrlen, int file_flags); extern int __sys_connect(int fd, struct sockaddr __user *uservaddr, int addrlen); extern int __sys_listen(int fd, int backlog); extern int __sys_getsockname(int fd, struct sockaddr __user *usockaddr, int __user *usockaddr_len); extern int __sys_getpeername(int fd, struct sockaddr __user *usockaddr, int __user *usockaddr_len); extern int __sys_socketpair(int family, int type, int protocol, int __user *usockvec); extern int __sys_shutdown(int fd, int how); #endif /* _LINUX_SOCKET_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SWAP_H #define _LINUX_SWAP_H #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/mmzone.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/node.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/page-flags.h> #include <asm/page.h> struct notifier_block; struct bio; struct pagevec; #define SWAP_FLAG_PREFER 0x8000 /* set if swap priority specified */ #define SWAP_FLAG_PRIO_MASK 0x7fff #define SWAP_FLAG_PRIO_SHIFT 0 #define SWAP_FLAG_DISCARD 0x10000 /* enable discard for swap */ #define SWAP_FLAG_DISCARD_ONCE 0x20000 /* discard swap area at swapon-time */ #define SWAP_FLAG_DISCARD_PAGES 0x40000 /* discard page-clusters after use */ #define SWAP_FLAGS_VALID (SWAP_FLAG_PRIO_MASK | SWAP_FLAG_PREFER | \ SWAP_FLAG_DISCARD | SWAP_FLAG_DISCARD_ONCE | \ SWAP_FLAG_DISCARD_PAGES) #define SWAP_BATCH 64 static inline int current_is_kswapd(void) { return current->flags & PF_KSWAPD; } /* * MAX_SWAPFILES defines the maximum number of swaptypes: things which can * be swapped to. The swap type and the offset into that swap type are * encoded into pte's and into pgoff_t's in the swapcache. Using five bits * for the type means that the maximum number of swapcache pages is 27 bits * on 32-bit-pgoff_t architectures. And that assumes that the architecture packs * the type/offset into the pte as 5/27 as well. */ #define MAX_SWAPFILES_SHIFT 5 /* * Use some of the swap files numbers for other purposes. This * is a convenient way to hook into the VM to trigger special * actions on faults. */ /* * Unaddressable device memory support. See include/linux/hmm.h and * Documentation/vm/hmm.rst. Short description is we need struct pages for * device memory that is unaddressable (inaccessible) by CPU, so that we can * migrate part of a process memory to device memory. * * When a page is migrated from CPU to device, we set the CPU page table entry * to a special SWP_DEVICE_* entry. */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEVICE_PRIVATE #define SWP_DEVICE_NUM 2 #define SWP_DEVICE_WRITE (MAX_SWAPFILES+SWP_HWPOISON_NUM+SWP_MIGRATION_NUM) #define SWP_DEVICE_READ (MAX_SWAPFILES+SWP_HWPOISON_NUM+SWP_MIGRATION_NUM+1) #else #define SWP_DEVICE_NUM 0 #endif /* * NUMA node memory migration support */ #ifdef CONFIG_MIGRATION #define SWP_MIGRATION_NUM 2 #define SWP_MIGRATION_READ (MAX_SWAPFILES + SWP_HWPOISON_NUM) #define SWP_MIGRATION_WRITE (MAX_SWAPFILES + SWP_HWPOISON_NUM + 1) #else #define SWP_MIGRATION_NUM 0 #endif /* * Handling of hardware poisoned pages with memory corruption. */ #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_FAILURE #define SWP_HWPOISON_NUM 1 #define SWP_HWPOISON MAX_SWAPFILES #else #define SWP_HWPOISON_NUM 0 #endif #define MAX_SWAPFILES \ ((1 << MAX_SWAPFILES_SHIFT) - SWP_DEVICE_NUM - \ SWP_MIGRATION_NUM - SWP_HWPOISON_NUM) /* * Magic header for a swap area. The first part of the union is * what the swap magic looks like for the old (limited to 128MB) * swap area format, the second part of the union adds - in the * old reserved area - some extra information. Note that the first * kilobyte is reserved for boot loader or disk label stuff... * * Having the magic at the end of the PAGE_SIZE makes detecting swap * areas somewhat tricky on machines that support multiple page sizes. * For 2.5 we'll probably want to move the magic to just beyond the * bootbits... */ union swap_header { struct { char reserved[PAGE_SIZE - 10]; char magic[10]; /* SWAP-SPACE or SWAPSPACE2 */ } magic; struct { char bootbits[1024]; /* Space for disklabel etc. */ __u32 version; __u32 last_page; __u32 nr_badpages; unsigned char sws_uuid[16]; unsigned char sws_volume[16]; __u32 padding[117]; __u32 badpages[1]; } info; }; /* * current->reclaim_state points to one of these when a task is running * memory reclaim */ struct reclaim_state { unsigned long reclaimed_slab; }; #ifdef __KERNEL__ struct address_space; struct sysinfo; struct writeback_control; struct zone; /* * A swap extent maps a range of a swapfile's PAGE_SIZE pages onto a range of * disk blocks. A list of swap extents maps the entire swapfile. (Where the * term `swapfile' refers to either a blockdevice or an IS_REG file. Apart * from setup, they're handled identically. * * We always assume that blocks are of size PAGE_SIZE. */ struct swap_extent { struct rb_node rb_node; pgoff_t start_page; pgoff_t nr_pages; sector_t start_block; }; /* * Max bad pages in the new format.. */ #define MAX_SWAP_BADPAGES \ ((offsetof(union swap_header, magic.magic) - \ offsetof(union swap_header, info.badpages)) / sizeof(int)) enum { SWP_USED = (1 << 0), /* is slot in swap_info[] used? */ SWP_WRITEOK = (1 << 1), /* ok to write to this swap? */ SWP_DISCARDABLE = (1 << 2), /* blkdev support discard */ SWP_DISCARDING = (1 << 3), /* now discarding a free cluster */ SWP_SOLIDSTATE = (1 << 4), /* blkdev seeks are cheap */ SWP_CONTINUED = (1 << 5), /* swap_map has count continuation */ SWP_BLKDEV = (1 << 6), /* its a block device */ SWP_ACTIVATED = (1 << 7), /* set after swap_activate success */ SWP_FS_OPS = (1 << 8), /* swapfile operations go through fs */ SWP_AREA_DISCARD = (1 << 9), /* single-time swap area discards */ SWP_PAGE_DISCARD = (1 << 10), /* freed swap page-cluster discards */ SWP_STABLE_WRITES = (1 << 11), /* no overwrite PG_writeback pages */ SWP_SYNCHRONOUS_IO = (1 << 12), /* synchronous IO is efficient */ SWP_VALID = (1 << 13), /* swap is valid to be operated on? */ /* add others here before... */ SWP_SCANNING = (1 << 14), /* refcount in scan_swap_map */ }; #define SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX 32UL #define COMPACT_CLUSTER_MAX SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX /* Bit flag in swap_map */ #define SWAP_HAS_CACHE 0x40 /* Flag page is cached, in first swap_map */ #define COUNT_CONTINUED 0x80 /* Flag swap_map continuation for full count */ /* Special value in first swap_map */ #define SWAP_MAP_MAX 0x3e /* Max count */ #define SWAP_MAP_BAD 0x3f /* Note page is bad */ #define SWAP_MAP_SHMEM 0xbf /* Owned by shmem/tmpfs */ /* Special value in each swap_map continuation */ #define SWAP_CONT_MAX 0x7f /* Max count */ /* * We use this to track usage of a cluster. A cluster is a block of swap disk * space with SWAPFILE_CLUSTER pages long and naturally aligns in disk. All * free clusters are organized into a list. We fetch an entry from the list to * get a free cluster. * * The data field stores next cluster if the cluster is free or cluster usage * counter otherwise. The flags field determines if a cluster is free. This is * protected by swap_info_struct.lock. */ struct swap_cluster_info { spinlock_t lock; /* * Protect swap_cluster_info fields * and swap_info_struct->swap_map * elements correspond to the swap * cluster */ unsigned int data:24; unsigned int flags:8; }; #define CLUSTER_FLAG_FREE 1 /* This cluster is free */ #define CLUSTER_FLAG_NEXT_NULL 2 /* This cluster has no next cluster */ #define CLUSTER_FLAG_HUGE 4 /* This cluster is backing a transparent huge page */ /* * We assign a cluster to each CPU, so each CPU can allocate swap entry from * its own cluster and swapout sequentially. The purpose is to optimize swapout * throughput. */ struct percpu_cluster { struct swap_cluster_info index; /* Current cluster index */ unsigned int next; /* Likely next allocation offset */ }; struct swap_cluster_list { struct swap_cluster_info head; struct swap_cluster_info tail; }; /* * The in-memory structure used to track swap areas. */ struct swap_info_struct { unsigned long flags; /* SWP_USED etc: see above */ signed short prio; /* swap priority of this type */ struct plist_node list; /* entry in swap_active_head */ signed char type; /* strange name for an index */ unsigned int max; /* extent of the swap_map */ unsigned char *swap_map; /* vmalloc'ed array of usage counts */ struct swap_cluster_info *cluster_info; /* cluster info. Only for SSD */ struct swap_cluster_list free_clusters; /* free clusters list */ unsigned int lowest_bit; /* index of first free in swap_map */ unsigned int highest_bit; /* index of last free in swap_map */ unsigned int pages; /* total of usable pages of swap */ unsigned int inuse_pages; /* number of those currently in use */ unsigned int cluster_next; /* likely index for next allocation */ unsigned int cluster_nr; /* countdown to next cluster search */ unsigned int __percpu *cluster_next_cpu; /*percpu index for next allocation */ struct percpu_cluster __percpu *percpu_cluster; /* per cpu's swap location */ struct rb_root swap_extent_root;/* root of the swap extent rbtree */ struct block_device *bdev; /* swap device or bdev of swap file */ struct file *swap_file; /* seldom referenced */ unsigned int old_block_size; /* seldom referenced */ #ifdef CONFIG_FRONTSWAP unsigned long *frontswap_map; /* frontswap in-use, one bit per page */ atomic_t frontswap_pages; /* frontswap pages in-use counter */ #endif spinlock_t lock; /* * protect map scan related fields like * swap_map, lowest_bit, highest_bit, * inuse_pages, cluster_next, * cluster_nr, lowest_alloc, * highest_alloc, free/discard cluster * list. other fields are only changed * at swapon/swapoff, so are protected * by swap_lock. changing flags need * hold this lock and swap_lock. If * both locks need hold, hold swap_lock * first. */ spinlock_t cont_lock; /* * protect swap count continuation page * list. */ struct work_struct discard_work; /* discard worker */ struct swap_cluster_list discard_clusters; /* discard clusters list */ struct plist_node avail_lists[]; /* * entries in swap_avail_heads, one * entry per node. * Must be last as the number of the * array is nr_node_ids, which is not * a fixed value so have to allocate * dynamically. * And it has to be an array so that * plist_for_each_* can work. */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT #define SWAP_RA_ORDER_CEILING 5 #else /* Avoid stack overflow, because we need to save part of page table */ #define SWAP_RA_ORDER_CEILING 3 #define SWAP_RA_PTE_CACHE_SIZE (1 << SWAP_RA_ORDER_CEILING) #endif struct vma_swap_readahead { unsigned short win; unsigned short offset; unsigned short nr_pte; #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT pte_t *ptes; #else pte_t ptes[SWAP_RA_PTE_CACHE_SIZE]; #endif }; /* linux/mm/workingset.c */ void workingset_age_nonresident(struct lruvec *lruvec, unsigned long nr_pages); void *workingset_eviction(struct page *page, struct mem_cgroup *target_memcg); void workingset_refault(struct page *page, void *shadow); void workingset_activation(struct page *page); /* Only track the nodes of mappings with shadow entries */ void workingset_update_node(struct xa_node *node); #define mapping_set_update(xas, mapping) do { \ if (!dax_mapping(mapping) && !shmem_mapping(mapping)) \ xas_set_update(xas, workingset_update_node); \ } while (0) /* linux/mm/page_alloc.c */ extern unsigned long totalreserve_pages; extern unsigned long nr_free_buffer_pages(void); /* Definition of global_zone_page_state not available yet */ #define nr_free_pages() global_zone_page_state(NR_FREE_PAGES) /* linux/mm/swap.c */ extern void lru_note_cost(struct lruvec *lruvec, bool file, unsigned int nr_pages); extern void lru_note_cost_page(struct page *); extern void lru_cache_add(struct page *); extern void lru_add_page_tail(struct page *page, struct page *page_tail, struct lruvec *lruvec, struct list_head *head); extern void mark_page_accessed(struct page *); extern void lru_add_drain(void); extern void lru_add_drain_cpu(int cpu); extern void lru_add_drain_cpu_zone(struct zone *zone); extern void lru_add_drain_all(void); extern void rotate_reclaimable_page(struct page *page); extern void deactivate_file_page(struct page *page); extern void deactivate_page(struct page *page); extern void mark_page_lazyfree(struct page *page); extern void swap_setup(void); extern void lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma); /* linux/mm/vmscan.c */ extern unsigned long zone_reclaimable_pages(struct zone *zone); extern unsigned long try_to_free_pages(struct zonelist *zonelist, int order, gfp_t gfp_mask, nodemask_t *mask); extern int __isolate_lru_page(struct page *page, isolate_mode_t mode); extern unsigned long try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, unsigned long nr_pages, gfp_t gfp_mask, bool may_swap); extern unsigned long mem_cgroup_shrink_node(struct mem_cgroup *mem, gfp_t gfp_mask, bool noswap, pg_data_t *pgdat, unsigned long *nr_scanned); extern unsigned long shrink_all_memory(unsigned long nr_pages); extern int vm_swappiness; extern int remove_mapping(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page); extern unsigned long reclaim_pages(struct list_head *page_list); #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA extern int node_reclaim_mode; extern int sysctl_min_unmapped_ratio; extern int sysctl_min_slab_ratio; #else #define node_reclaim_mode 0 #endif extern void check_move_unevictable_pages(struct pagevec *pvec); extern int kswapd_run(int nid); extern void kswapd_stop(int nid); #ifdef CONFIG_SWAP #include <linux/blk_types.h> /* for bio_end_io_t */ /* linux/mm/page_io.c */ extern int swap_readpage(struct page *page, bool do_poll); extern int swap_writepage(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc); extern void end_swap_bio_write(struct bio *bio); extern int __swap_writepage(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc, bio_end_io_t end_write_func); extern int swap_set_page_dirty(struct page *page); int add_swap_extent(struct swap_info_struct *sis, unsigned long start_page, unsigned long nr_pages, sector_t start_block); int generic_swapfile_activate(struct swap_info_struct *, struct file *, sector_t *); /* linux/mm/swap_state.c */ /* One swap address space for each 64M swap space */ #define SWAP_ADDRESS_SPACE_SHIFT 14 #define SWAP_ADDRESS_SPACE_PAGES (1 << SWAP_ADDRESS_SPACE_SHIFT) extern struct address_space *swapper_spaces[]; #define swap_address_space(entry) \ (&swapper_spaces[swp_type(entry)][swp_offset(entry) \ >> SWAP_ADDRESS_SPACE_SHIFT]) extern unsigned long total_swapcache_pages(void); extern void show_swap_cache_info(void); extern int add_to_swap(struct page *page); extern void *get_shadow_from_swap_cache(swp_entry_t entry); extern int add_to_swap_cache(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry, gfp_t gfp, void **shadowp); extern void __delete_from_swap_cache(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry, void *shadow); extern void delete_from_swap_cache(struct page *); extern void clear_shadow_from_swap_cache(int type, unsigned long begin, unsigned long end); extern void free_page_and_swap_cache(struct page *); extern void free_pages_and_swap_cache(struct page **, int); extern struct page *lookup_swap_cache(swp_entry_t entry, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr); struct page *find_get_incore_page(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index); extern struct page *read_swap_cache_async(swp_entry_t, gfp_t, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, bool do_poll); extern struct page *__read_swap_cache_async(swp_entry_t, gfp_t, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, bool *new_page_allocated); extern struct page *swap_cluster_readahead(swp_entry_t entry, gfp_t flag, struct vm_fault *vmf); extern struct page *swapin_readahead(swp_entry_t entry, gfp_t flag, struct vm_fault *vmf); /* linux/mm/swapfile.c */ extern atomic_long_t nr_swap_pages; extern long total_swap_pages; extern atomic_t nr_rotate_swap; extern bool has_usable_swap(void); /* Swap 50% full? Release swapcache more aggressively.. */ static inline bool vm_swap_full(void) { return atomic_long_read(&nr_swap_pages) * 2 < total_swap_pages; } static inline long get_nr_swap_pages(void) { return atomic_long_read(&nr_swap_pages); } extern void si_swapinfo(struct sysinfo *); extern swp_entry_t get_swap_page(struct page *page); extern void put_swap_page(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry); extern swp_entry_t get_swap_page_of_type(int); extern int get_swap_pages(int n, swp_entry_t swp_entries[], int entry_size); extern int add_swap_count_continuation(swp_entry_t, gfp_t); extern void swap_shmem_alloc(swp_entry_t); extern int swap_duplicate(swp_entry_t); extern int swapcache_prepare(swp_entry_t); extern void swap_free(swp_entry_t); extern void swapcache_free_entries(swp_entry_t *entries, int n); extern int free_swap_and_cache(swp_entry_t); int swap_type_of(dev_t device, sector_t offset); int find_first_swap(dev_t *device); extern unsigned int count_swap_pages(int, int); extern sector_t map_swap_page(struct page *, struct block_device **); extern sector_t swapdev_block(int, pgoff_t); extern int page_swapcount(struct page *); extern int __swap_count(swp_entry_t entry); extern int __swp_swapcount(swp_entry_t entry); extern int swp_swapcount(swp_entry_t entry); extern struct swap_info_struct *page_swap_info(struct page *); extern struct swap_info_struct *swp_swap_info(swp_entry_t entry); extern bool reuse_swap_page(struct page *, int *); extern int try_to_free_swap(struct page *); struct backing_dev_info; extern int init_swap_address_space(unsigned int type, unsigned long nr_pages); extern void exit_swap_address_space(unsigned int type); extern struct swap_info_struct *get_swap_device(swp_entry_t entry); sector_t swap_page_sector(struct page *page); static inline void put_swap_device(struct swap_info_struct *si) { rcu_read_unlock(); } #else /* CONFIG_SWAP */ static inline int swap_readpage(struct page *page, bool do_poll) { return 0; } static inline struct swap_info_struct *swp_swap_info(swp_entry_t entry) { return NULL; } #define swap_address_space(entry) (NULL) #define get_nr_swap_pages() 0L #define total_swap_pages 0L #define total_swapcache_pages() 0UL #define vm_swap_full() 0 #define si_swapinfo(val) \ do { (val)->freeswap = (val)->totalswap = 0; } while (0) /* only sparc can not include linux/pagemap.h in this file * so leave put_page and release_pages undeclared... */ #define free_page_and_swap_cache(page) \ put_page(page) #define free_pages_and_swap_cache(pages, nr) \ release_pages((pages), (nr)); static inline void show_swap_cache_info(void) { } #define free_swap_and_cache(e) ({(is_migration_entry(e) || is_device_private_entry(e));}) #define swapcache_prepare(e) ({(is_migration_entry(e) || is_device_private_entry(e));}) static inline int add_swap_count_continuation(swp_entry_t swp, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return 0; } static inline void swap_shmem_alloc(swp_entry_t swp) { } static inline int swap_duplicate(swp_entry_t swp) { return 0; } static inline void swap_free(swp_entry_t swp) { } static inline void put_swap_page(struct page *page, swp_entry_t swp) { } static inline struct page *swap_cluster_readahead(swp_entry_t entry, gfp_t gfp_mask, struct vm_fault *vmf) { return NULL; } static inline struct page *swapin_readahead(swp_entry_t swp, gfp_t gfp_mask, struct vm_fault *vmf) { return NULL; } static inline int swap_writepage(struct page *p, struct writeback_control *wbc) { return 0; } static inline struct page *lookup_swap_cache(swp_entry_t swp, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { return NULL; } static inline struct page *find_get_incore_page(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index) { return find_get_page(mapping, index); } static inline int add_to_swap(struct page *page) { return 0; } static inline void *get_shadow_from_swap_cache(swp_entry_t entry) { return NULL; } static inline int add_to_swap_cache(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry, gfp_t gfp_mask, void **shadowp) { return -1; } static inline void __delete_from_swap_cache(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry, void *shadow) { } static inline void delete_from_swap_cache(struct page *page) { } static inline void clear_shadow_from_swap_cache(int type, unsigned long begin, unsigned long end) { } static inline int page_swapcount(struct page *page) { return 0; } static inline int __swap_count(swp_entry_t entry) { return 0; } static inline int __swp_swapcount(swp_entry_t entry) { return 0; } static inline int swp_swapcount(swp_entry_t entry) { return 0; } #define reuse_swap_page(page, total_map_swapcount) \ (page_trans_huge_mapcount(page, total_map_swapcount) == 1) static inline int try_to_free_swap(struct page *page) { return 0; } static inline swp_entry_t get_swap_page(struct page *page) { swp_entry_t entry; entry.val = 0; return entry; } #endif /* CONFIG_SWAP */ #ifdef CONFIG_THP_SWAP extern int split_swap_cluster(swp_entry_t entry); #else static inline int split_swap_cluster(swp_entry_t entry) { return 0; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG static inline int mem_cgroup_swappiness(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { /* Cgroup2 doesn't have per-cgroup swappiness */ if (cgroup_subsys_on_dfl(memory_cgrp_subsys)) return vm_swappiness; /* root ? */ if (mem_cgroup_disabled() || mem_cgroup_is_root(memcg)) return vm_swappiness; return memcg->swappiness; } #else static inline int mem_cgroup_swappiness(struct mem_cgroup *mem) { return vm_swappiness; } #endif #if defined(CONFIG_SWAP) && defined(CONFIG_MEMCG) && defined(CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP) extern void cgroup_throttle_swaprate(struct page *page, gfp_t gfp_mask); #else static inline void cgroup_throttle_swaprate(struct page *page, gfp_t gfp_mask) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_SWAP extern void mem_cgroup_swapout(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry); extern int mem_cgroup_try_charge_swap(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry); extern void mem_cgroup_uncharge_swap(swp_entry_t entry, unsigned int nr_pages); extern long mem_cgroup_get_nr_swap_pages(struct mem_cgroup *memcg); extern bool mem_cgroup_swap_full(struct page *page); #else static inline void mem_cgroup_swapout(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry) { } static inline int mem_cgroup_try_charge_swap(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry) { return 0; } static inline void mem_cgroup_uncharge_swap(swp_entry_t entry, unsigned int nr_pages) { } static inline long mem_cgroup_get_nr_swap_pages(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { return get_nr_swap_pages(); } static inline bool mem_cgroup_swap_full(struct page *page) { return vm_swap_full(); } #endif #endif /* __KERNEL__*/ #endif /* _LINUX_SWAP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_STRINGHASH_H #define __LINUX_STRINGHASH_H #include <linux/compiler.h> /* For __pure */ #include <linux/types.h> /* For u32, u64 */ #include <linux/hash.h> /* * Routines for hashing strings of bytes to a 32-bit hash value. * * These hash functions are NOT GUARANTEED STABLE between kernel * versions, architectures, or even repeated boots of the same kernel. * (E.g. they may depend on boot-time hardware detection or be * deliberately randomized.) * * They are also not intended to be secure against collisions caused by * malicious inputs; much slower hash functions are required for that. * * They are optimized for pathname components, meaning short strings. * Even if a majority of files have longer names, the dynamic profile of * pathname components skews short due to short directory names. * (E.g. /usr/lib/libsesquipedalianism.so.3.141.) */ /* * Version 1: one byte at a time. Example of use: * * unsigned long hash = init_name_hash; * while (*p) * hash = partial_name_hash(tolower(*p++), hash); * hash = end_name_hash(hash); * * Although this is designed for bytes, fs/hfsplus/unicode.c * abuses it to hash 16-bit values. */ /* Hash courtesy of the R5 hash in reiserfs modulo sign bits */ #define init_name_hash(salt) (unsigned long)(salt) /* partial hash update function. Assume roughly 4 bits per character */ static inline unsigned long partial_name_hash(unsigned long c, unsigned long prevhash) { return (prevhash + (c << 4) + (c >> 4)) * 11; } /* * Finally: cut down the number of bits to a int value (and try to avoid * losing bits). This also has the property (wanted by the dcache) * that the msbits make a good hash table index. */ static inline unsigned int end_name_hash(unsigned long hash) { return hash_long(hash, 32); } /* * Version 2: One word (32 or 64 bits) at a time. * If CONFIG_DCACHE_WORD_ACCESS is defined (meaning <asm/word-at-a-time.h> * exists, which describes major Linux platforms like x86 and ARM), then * this computes a different hash function much faster. * * If not set, this falls back to a wrapper around the preceding. */ extern unsigned int __pure full_name_hash(const void *salt, const char *, unsigned int); /* * A hash_len is a u64 with the hash of a string in the low * half and the length in the high half. */ #define hashlen_hash(hashlen) ((u32)(hashlen)) #define hashlen_len(hashlen) ((u32)((hashlen) >> 32)) #define hashlen_create(hash, len) ((u64)(len)<<32 | (u32)(hash)) /* Return the "hash_len" (hash and length) of a null-terminated string */ extern u64 __pure hashlen_string(const void *salt, const char *name); #endif /* __LINUX_STRINGHASH_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _INET_COMMON_H #define _INET_COMMON_H #include <linux/indirect_call_wrapper.h> extern const struct proto_ops inet_stream_ops; extern const struct proto_ops inet_dgram_ops; /* * INET4 prototypes used by INET6 */ struct msghdr; struct sock; struct sockaddr; struct socket; int inet_release(struct socket *sock); int inet_stream_connect(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len, int flags); int __inet_stream_connect(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len, int flags, int is_sendmsg); int inet_dgram_connect(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len, int flags); int inet_accept(struct socket *sock, struct socket *newsock, int flags, bool kern); int inet_send_prepare(struct sock *sk); int inet_sendmsg(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, size_t size); ssize_t inet_sendpage(struct socket *sock, struct page *page, int offset, size_t size, int flags); int inet_recvmsg(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, size_t size, int flags); int inet_shutdown(struct socket *sock, int how); int inet_listen(struct socket *sock, int backlog); void inet_sock_destruct(struct sock *sk); int inet_bind(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len); /* Don't allocate port at this moment, defer to connect. */ #define BIND_FORCE_ADDRESS_NO_PORT (1 << 0) /* Grab and release socket lock. */ #define BIND_WITH_LOCK (1 << 1) /* Called from BPF program. */ #define BIND_FROM_BPF (1 << 2) int __inet_bind(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len, u32 flags); int inet_getname(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int peer); int inet_ioctl(struct socket *sock, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); int inet_ctl_sock_create(struct sock **sk, unsigned short family, unsigned short type, unsigned char protocol, struct net *net); int inet_recv_error(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, int len, int *addr_len); struct sk_buff *inet_gro_receive(struct list_head *head, struct sk_buff *skb); int inet_gro_complete(struct sk_buff *skb, int nhoff); struct sk_buff *inet_gso_segment(struct sk_buff *skb, netdev_features_t features); static inline void inet_ctl_sock_destroy(struct sock *sk) { if (sk) sock_release(sk->sk_socket); } #define indirect_call_gro_receive(f2, f1, cb, head, skb) \ ({ \ unlikely(gro_recursion_inc_test(skb)) ? \ NAPI_GRO_CB(skb)->flush |= 1, NULL : \ INDIRECT_CALL_2(cb, f2, f1, head, skb); \ }) #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Definitions for the RAW-IP module. * * Version: @(#)raw.h 1.0.2 05/07/93 * * Author: Fred N. van Kempen, <waltje@uWalt.NL.Mugnet.ORG> */ #ifndef _RAW_H #define _RAW_H #include <net/inet_sock.h> #include <net/protocol.h> #include <linux/icmp.h> extern struct proto raw_prot; extern struct raw_hashinfo raw_v4_hashinfo; struct sock *__raw_v4_lookup(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, unsigned short num, __be32 raddr, __be32 laddr, int dif, int sdif); int raw_abort(struct sock *sk, int err); void raw_icmp_error(struct sk_buff *, int, u32); int raw_local_deliver(struct sk_buff *, int); int raw_rcv(struct sock *, struct sk_buff *); #define RAW_HTABLE_SIZE MAX_INET_PROTOS struct raw_hashinfo { rwlock_t lock; struct hlist_head ht[RAW_HTABLE_SIZE]; }; #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS int raw_proc_init(void); void raw_proc_exit(void); struct raw_iter_state { struct seq_net_private p; int bucket; }; static inline struct raw_iter_state *raw_seq_private(struct seq_file *seq) { return seq->private; } void *raw_seq_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos); void *raw_seq_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *v, loff_t *pos); void raw_seq_stop(struct seq_file *seq, void *v); #endif int raw_hash_sk(struct sock *sk); void raw_unhash_sk(struct sock *sk); void raw_init(void); struct raw_sock { /* inet_sock has to be the first member */ struct inet_sock inet; struct icmp_filter filter; u32 ipmr_table; }; static inline struct raw_sock *raw_sk(const struct sock *sk) { return (struct raw_sock *)sk; } static inline bool raw_sk_bound_dev_eq(struct net *net, int bound_dev_if, int dif, int sdif) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_L3_MASTER_DEV) return inet_bound_dev_eq(!!net->ipv4.sysctl_raw_l3mdev_accept, bound_dev_if, dif, sdif); #else return inet_bound_dev_eq(true, bound_dev_if, dif, sdif); #endif } #endif /* _RAW_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef BLK_INTERNAL_H #define BLK_INTERNAL_H #include <linux/idr.h> #include <linux/blk-mq.h> #include <linux/part_stat.h> #include <linux/blk-crypto.h> #include <xen/xen.h> #include "blk-crypto-internal.h" #include "blk-mq.h" #include "blk-mq-sched.h" /* Max future timer expiry for timeouts */ #define BLK_MAX_TIMEOUT (5 * HZ) extern struct dentry *blk_debugfs_root; struct blk_flush_queue { unsigned int flush_pending_idx:1; unsigned int flush_running_idx:1; blk_status_t rq_status; unsigned long flush_pending_since; struct list_head flush_queue[2]; struct list_head flush_data_in_flight; struct request *flush_rq; struct lock_class_key key; spinlock_t mq_flush_lock; }; extern struct kmem_cache *blk_requestq_cachep; extern struct kobj_type blk_queue_ktype; extern struct ida blk_queue_ida; static inline struct blk_flush_queue * blk_get_flush_queue(struct request_queue *q, struct blk_mq_ctx *ctx) { return blk_mq_map_queue(q, REQ_OP_FLUSH, ctx)->fq; } static inline void __blk_get_queue(struct request_queue *q) { kobject_get(&q->kobj); } bool is_flush_rq(struct request *req); struct blk_flush_queue *blk_alloc_flush_queue(int node, int cmd_size, gfp_t flags); void blk_free_flush_queue(struct blk_flush_queue *q); void blk_freeze_queue(struct request_queue *q); static inline bool biovec_phys_mergeable(struct request_queue *q, struct bio_vec *vec1, struct bio_vec *vec2) { unsigned long mask = queue_segment_boundary(q); phys_addr_t addr1 = page_to_phys(vec1->bv_page) + vec1->bv_offset; phys_addr_t addr2 = page_to_phys(vec2->bv_page) + vec2->bv_offset; if (addr1 + vec1->bv_len != addr2) return false; if (xen_domain() && !xen_biovec_phys_mergeable(vec1, vec2->bv_page)) return false; if ((addr1 | mask) != ((addr2 + vec2->bv_len - 1) | mask)) return false; return true; } static inline bool __bvec_gap_to_prev(struct request_queue *q, struct bio_vec *bprv, unsigned int offset) { return (offset & queue_virt_boundary(q)) || ((bprv->bv_offset + bprv->bv_len) & queue_virt_boundary(q)); } /* * Check if adding a bio_vec after bprv with offset would create a gap in * the SG list. Most drivers don't care about this, but some do. */ static inline bool bvec_gap_to_prev(struct request_queue *q, struct bio_vec *bprv, unsigned int offset) { if (!queue_virt_boundary(q)) return false; return __bvec_gap_to_prev(q, bprv, offset); } static inline void blk_rq_bio_prep(struct request *rq, struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_segs) { rq->nr_phys_segments = nr_segs; rq->__data_len = bio->bi_iter.bi_size; rq->bio = rq->biotail = bio; rq->ioprio = bio_prio(bio); if (bio->bi_disk) rq->rq_disk = bio->bi_disk; } #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY void blk_flush_integrity(void); bool __bio_integrity_endio(struct bio *); void bio_integrity_free(struct bio *bio); static inline bool bio_integrity_endio(struct bio *bio) { if (bio_integrity(bio)) return __bio_integrity_endio(bio); return true; } bool blk_integrity_merge_rq(struct request_queue *, struct request *, struct request *); bool blk_integrity_merge_bio(struct request_queue *, struct request *, struct bio *); static inline bool integrity_req_gap_back_merge(struct request *req, struct bio *next) { struct bio_integrity_payload *bip = bio_integrity(req->bio); struct bio_integrity_payload *bip_next = bio_integrity(next); return bvec_gap_to_prev(req->q, &bip->bip_vec[bip->bip_vcnt - 1], bip_next->bip_vec[0].bv_offset); } static inline bool integrity_req_gap_front_merge(struct request *req, struct bio *bio) { struct bio_integrity_payload *bip = bio_integrity(bio); struct bio_integrity_payload *bip_next = bio_integrity(req->bio); return bvec_gap_to_prev(req->q, &bip->bip_vec[bip->bip_vcnt - 1], bip_next->bip_vec[0].bv_offset); } void blk_integrity_add(struct gendisk *); void blk_integrity_del(struct gendisk *); #else /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY */ static inline bool blk_integrity_merge_rq(struct request_queue *rq, struct request *r1, struct request *r2) { return true; } static inline bool blk_integrity_merge_bio(struct request_queue *rq, struct request *r, struct bio *b) { return true; } static inline bool integrity_req_gap_back_merge(struct request *req, struct bio *next) { return false; } static inline bool integrity_req_gap_front_merge(struct request *req, struct bio *bio) { return false; } static inline void blk_flush_integrity(void) { } static inline bool bio_integrity_endio(struct bio *bio) { return true; } static inline void bio_integrity_free(struct bio *bio) { } static inline void blk_integrity_add(struct gendisk *disk) { } static inline void blk_integrity_del(struct gendisk *disk) { } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY */ unsigned long blk_rq_timeout(unsigned long timeout); void blk_add_timer(struct request *req); bool blk_attempt_plug_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_segs, struct request **same_queue_rq); bool blk_bio_list_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct list_head *list, struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_segs); void blk_account_io_start(struct request *req); void blk_account_io_done(struct request *req, u64 now); /* * Plug flush limits */ #define BLK_MAX_REQUEST_COUNT 32 #define BLK_PLUG_FLUSH_SIZE (128 * 1024) /* * Internal elevator interface */ #define ELV_ON_HASH(rq) ((rq)->rq_flags & RQF_HASHED) void blk_insert_flush(struct request *rq); void elevator_init_mq(struct request_queue *q); int elevator_switch_mq(struct request_queue *q, struct elevator_type *new_e); void __elevator_exit(struct request_queue *, struct elevator_queue *); int elv_register_queue(struct request_queue *q, bool uevent); void elv_unregister_queue(struct request_queue *q); static inline void elevator_exit(struct request_queue *q, struct elevator_queue *e) { lockdep_assert_held(&q->sysfs_lock); blk_mq_sched_free_requests(q); __elevator_exit(q, e); } struct hd_struct *__disk_get_part(struct gendisk *disk, int partno); ssize_t part_size_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t part_stat_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t part_inflight_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t part_fail_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t part_fail_store(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count); ssize_t part_timeout_show(struct device *, struct device_attribute *, char *); ssize_t part_timeout_store(struct device *, struct device_attribute *, const char *, size_t); void __blk_queue_split(struct bio **bio, unsigned int *nr_segs); int ll_back_merge_fn(struct request *req, struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_segs); int blk_attempt_req_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, struct request *next); unsigned int blk_recalc_rq_segments(struct request *rq); void blk_rq_set_mixed_merge(struct request *rq); bool blk_rq_merge_ok(struct request *rq, struct bio *bio); enum elv_merge blk_try_merge(struct request *rq, struct bio *bio); int blk_dev_init(void); /* * Contribute to IO statistics IFF: * * a) it's attached to a gendisk, and * b) the queue had IO stats enabled when this request was started */ static inline bool blk_do_io_stat(struct request *rq) { return rq->rq_disk && (rq->rq_flags & RQF_IO_STAT); } static inline void req_set_nomerge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *req) { req->cmd_flags |= REQ_NOMERGE; if (req == q->last_merge) q->last_merge = NULL; } /* * The max size one bio can handle is UINT_MAX becasue bvec_iter.bi_size * is defined as 'unsigned int', meantime it has to aligned to with logical * block size which is the minimum accepted unit by hardware. */ static inline unsigned int bio_allowed_max_sectors(struct request_queue *q) { return round_down(UINT_MAX, queue_logical_block_size(q)) >> 9; } /* * The max bio size which is aligned to q->limits.discard_granularity. This * is a hint to split large discard bio in generic block layer, then if device * driver needs to split the discard bio into smaller ones, their bi_size can * be very probably and easily aligned to discard_granularity of the device's * queue. */ static inline unsigned int bio_aligned_discard_max_sectors( struct request_queue *q) { return round_down(UINT_MAX, q->limits.discard_granularity) >> SECTOR_SHIFT; } /* * Internal io_context interface */ void get_io_context(struct io_context *ioc); struct io_cq *ioc_lookup_icq(struct io_context *ioc, struct request_queue *q); struct io_cq *ioc_create_icq(struct io_context *ioc, struct request_queue *q, gfp_t gfp_mask); void ioc_clear_queue(struct request_queue *q); int create_task_io_context(struct task_struct *task, gfp_t gfp_mask, int node); /* * Internal throttling interface */ #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_THROTTLING extern int blk_throtl_init(struct request_queue *q); extern void blk_throtl_exit(struct request_queue *q); extern void blk_throtl_register_queue(struct request_queue *q); extern void blk_throtl_charge_bio_split(struct bio *bio); bool blk_throtl_bio(struct bio *bio); #else /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_THROTTLING */ static inline int blk_throtl_init(struct request_queue *q) { return 0; } static inline void blk_throtl_exit(struct request_queue *q) { } static inline void blk_throtl_register_queue(struct request_queue *q) { } static inline void blk_throtl_charge_bio_split(struct bio *bio) { } static inline bool blk_throtl_bio(struct bio *bio) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_THROTTLING */ #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_THROTTLING_LOW extern ssize_t blk_throtl_sample_time_show(struct request_queue *q, char *page); extern ssize_t blk_throtl_sample_time_store(struct request_queue *q, const char *page, size_t count); extern void blk_throtl_bio_endio(struct bio *bio); extern void blk_throtl_stat_add(struct request *rq, u64 time); #else static inline void blk_throtl_bio_endio(struct bio *bio) { } static inline void blk_throtl_stat_add(struct request *rq, u64 time) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_BOUNCE extern int init_emergency_isa_pool(void); extern void blk_queue_bounce(struct request_queue *q, struct bio **bio); #else static inline int init_emergency_isa_pool(void) { return 0; } static inline void blk_queue_bounce(struct request_queue *q, struct bio **bio) { } #endif /* CONFIG_BOUNCE */ #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP_IOLATENCY extern int blk_iolatency_init(struct request_queue *q); #else static inline int blk_iolatency_init(struct request_queue *q) { return 0; } #endif struct bio *blk_next_bio(struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_pages, gfp_t gfp); #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED void blk_queue_free_zone_bitmaps(struct request_queue *q); #else static inline void blk_queue_free_zone_bitmaps(struct request_queue *q) {} #endif struct hd_struct *disk_map_sector_rcu(struct gendisk *disk, sector_t sector); int blk_alloc_devt(struct hd_struct *part, dev_t *devt); void blk_free_devt(dev_t devt); void blk_invalidate_devt(dev_t devt); char *disk_name(struct gendisk *hd, int partno, char *buf); #define ADDPART_FLAG_NONE 0 #define ADDPART_FLAG_RAID 1 #define ADDPART_FLAG_WHOLEDISK 2 void delete_partition(struct hd_struct *part); int bdev_add_partition(struct block_device *bdev, int partno, sector_t start, sector_t length); int bdev_del_partition(struct block_device *bdev, int partno); int bdev_resize_partition(struct block_device *bdev, int partno, sector_t start, sector_t length); int disk_expand_part_tbl(struct gendisk *disk, int target); int hd_ref_init(struct hd_struct *part); /* no need to get/put refcount of part0 */ static inline int hd_struct_try_get(struct hd_struct *part) { if (part->partno) return percpu_ref_tryget_live(&part->ref); return 1; } static inline void hd_struct_put(struct hd_struct *part) { if (part->partno) percpu_ref_put(&part->ref); } static inline void hd_free_part(struct hd_struct *part) { free_percpu(part->dkstats); kfree(part->info); percpu_ref_exit(&part->ref); } /* * Any access of part->nr_sects which is not protected by partition * bd_mutex or gendisk bdev bd_mutex, should be done using this * accessor function. * * Code written along the lines of i_size_read() and i_size_write(). * CONFIG_PREEMPTION case optimizes the case of UP kernel with preemption * on. */ static inline sector_t part_nr_sects_read(struct hd_struct *part) { #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) sector_t nr_sects; unsigned seq; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&part->nr_sects_seq); nr_sects = part->nr_sects; } while (read_seqcount_retry(&part->nr_sects_seq, seq)); return nr_sects; #elif BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) sector_t nr_sects; preempt_disable(); nr_sects = part->nr_sects; preempt_enable(); return nr_sects; #else return part->nr_sects; #endif } /* * Should be called with mutex lock held (typically bd_mutex) of partition * to provide mutual exlusion among writers otherwise seqcount might be * left in wrong state leaving the readers spinning infinitely. */ static inline void part_nr_sects_write(struct hd_struct *part, sector_t size) { #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) preempt_disable(); write_seqcount_begin(&part->nr_sects_seq); part->nr_sects = size; write_seqcount_end(&part->nr_sects_seq); preempt_enable(); #elif BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) preempt_disable(); part->nr_sects = size; preempt_enable(); #else part->nr_sects = size; #endif } int bio_add_hw_page(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int offset, unsigned int max_sectors, bool *same_page); #endif /* BLK_INTERNAL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_TIME64_H #define _LINUX_TIME64_H #include <linux/math64.h> #include <vdso/time64.h> typedef __s64 time64_t; typedef __u64 timeu64_t; #include <uapi/linux/time.h> struct timespec64 { time64_t tv_sec; /* seconds */ long tv_nsec; /* nanoseconds */ }; struct itimerspec64 { struct timespec64 it_interval; struct timespec64 it_value; }; /* Located here for timespec[64]_valid_strict */ #define TIME64_MAX ((s64)~((u64)1 << 63)) #define TIME64_MIN (-TIME64_MAX - 1) #define KTIME_MAX ((s64)~((u64)1 << 63)) #define KTIME_SEC_MAX (KTIME_MAX / NSEC_PER_SEC) /* * Limits for settimeofday(): * * To prevent setting the time close to the wraparound point time setting * is limited so a reasonable uptime can be accomodated. Uptime of 30 years * should be really sufficient, which means the cutoff is 2232. At that * point the cutoff is just a small part of the larger problem. */ #define TIME_UPTIME_SEC_MAX (30LL * 365 * 24 *3600) #define TIME_SETTOD_SEC_MAX (KTIME_SEC_MAX - TIME_UPTIME_SEC_MAX) static inline int timespec64_equal(const struct timespec64 *a, const struct timespec64 *b) { return (a->tv_sec == b->tv_sec) && (a->tv_nsec == b->tv_nsec); } /* * lhs < rhs: return <0 * lhs == rhs: return 0 * lhs > rhs: return >0 */ static inline int timespec64_compare(const struct timespec64 *lhs, const struct timespec64 *rhs) { if (lhs->tv_sec < rhs->tv_sec) return -1; if (lhs->tv_sec > rhs->tv_sec) return 1; return lhs->tv_nsec - rhs->tv_nsec; } extern void set_normalized_timespec64(struct timespec64 *ts, time64_t sec, s64 nsec); static inline struct timespec64 timespec64_add(struct timespec64 lhs, struct timespec64 rhs) { struct timespec64 ts_delta; set_normalized_timespec64(&ts_delta, lhs.tv_sec + rhs.tv_sec, lhs.tv_nsec + rhs.tv_nsec); return ts_delta; } /* * sub = lhs - rhs, in normalized form */ static inline struct timespec64 timespec64_sub(struct timespec64 lhs, struct timespec64 rhs) { struct timespec64 ts_delta; set_normalized_timespec64(&ts_delta, lhs.tv_sec - rhs.tv_sec, lhs.tv_nsec - rhs.tv_nsec); return ts_delta; } /* * Returns true if the timespec64 is norm, false if denorm: */ static inline bool timespec64_valid(const struct timespec64 *ts) { /* Dates before 1970 are bogus */ if (ts->tv_sec < 0) return false; /* Can't have more nanoseconds then a second */ if ((unsigned long)ts->tv_nsec >= NSEC_PER_SEC) return false; return true; } static inline bool timespec64_valid_strict(const struct timespec64 *ts) { if (!timespec64_valid(ts)) return false; /* Disallow values that could overflow ktime_t */ if ((unsigned long long)ts->tv_sec >= KTIME_SEC_MAX) return false; return true; } static inline bool timespec64_valid_settod(const struct timespec64 *ts) { if (!timespec64_valid(ts)) return false; /* Disallow values which cause overflow issues vs. CLOCK_REALTIME */ if ((unsigned long long)ts->tv_sec >= TIME_SETTOD_SEC_MAX) return false; return true; } /** * timespec64_to_ns - Convert timespec64 to nanoseconds * @ts: pointer to the timespec64 variable to be converted * * Returns the scalar nanosecond representation of the timespec64 * parameter. */ static inline s64 timespec64_to_ns(const struct timespec64 *ts) { /* Prevent multiplication overflow */ if ((unsigned long long)ts->tv_sec >= KTIME_SEC_MAX) return KTIME_MAX; return ((s64) ts->tv_sec * NSEC_PER_SEC) + ts->tv_nsec; } /** * ns_to_timespec64 - Convert nanoseconds to timespec64 * @nsec: the nanoseconds value to be converted * * Returns the timespec64 representation of the nsec parameter. */ extern struct timespec64 ns_to_timespec64(const s64 nsec); /** * timespec64_add_ns - Adds nanoseconds to a timespec64 * @a: pointer to timespec64 to be incremented * @ns: unsigned nanoseconds value to be added * * This must always be inlined because its used from the x86-64 vdso, * which cannot call other kernel functions. */ static __always_inline void timespec64_add_ns(struct timespec64 *a, u64 ns) { a->tv_sec += __iter_div_u64_rem(a->tv_nsec + ns, NSEC_PER_SEC, &ns); a->tv_nsec = ns; } /* * timespec64_add_safe assumes both values are positive and checks for * overflow. It will return TIME64_MAX in case of overflow. */ extern struct timespec64 timespec64_add_safe(const struct timespec64 lhs, const struct timespec64 rhs); #endif /* _LINUX_TIME64_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 /* * include/linux/ktime.h * * ktime_t - nanosecond-resolution time format. * * Copyright(C) 2005, Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> * Copyright(C) 2005, Red Hat, Inc., Ingo Molnar * * data type definitions, declarations, prototypes and macros. * * Started by: Thomas Gleixner and Ingo Molnar * * Credits: * * Roman Zippel provided the ideas and primary code snippets of * the ktime_t union and further simplifications of the original * code. * * For licencing details see kernel-base/COPYING */ #ifndef _LINUX_KTIME_H #define _LINUX_KTIME_H #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/jiffies.h> #include <asm/bug.h> /* Nanosecond scalar representation for kernel time values */ typedef s64 ktime_t; /** * ktime_set - Set a ktime_t variable from a seconds/nanoseconds value * @secs: seconds to set * @nsecs: nanoseconds to set * * Return: The ktime_t representation of the value. */ static inline ktime_t ktime_set(const s64 secs, const unsigned long nsecs) { if (unlikely(secs >= KTIME_SEC_MAX)) return KTIME_MAX; return secs * NSEC_PER_SEC + (s64)nsecs; } /* Subtract two ktime_t variables. rem = lhs -rhs: */ #define ktime_sub(lhs, rhs) ((lhs) - (rhs)) /* Add two ktime_t variables. res = lhs + rhs: */ #define ktime_add(lhs, rhs) ((lhs) + (rhs)) /* * Same as ktime_add(), but avoids undefined behaviour on overflow; however, * this means that you must check the result for overflow yourself. */ #define ktime_add_unsafe(lhs, rhs) ((u64) (lhs) + (rhs)) /* * Add a ktime_t variable and a scalar nanosecond value. * res = kt + nsval: */ #define ktime_add_ns(kt, nsval) ((kt) + (nsval)) /* * Subtract a scalar nanosecod from a ktime_t variable * res = kt - nsval: */ #define ktime_sub_ns(kt, nsval) ((kt) - (nsval)) /* convert a timespec64 to ktime_t format: */ static inline ktime_t timespec64_to_ktime(struct timespec64 ts) { return ktime_set(ts.tv_sec, ts.tv_nsec); } /* Map the ktime_t to timespec conversion to ns_to_timespec function */ #define ktime_to_timespec64(kt) ns_to_timespec64((kt)) /* Convert ktime_t to nanoseconds */ static inline s64 ktime_to_ns(const ktime_t kt) { return kt; } /** * ktime_compare - Compares two ktime_t variables for less, greater or equal * @cmp1: comparable1 * @cmp2: comparable2 * * Return: ... * cmp1 < cmp2: return <0 * cmp1 == cmp2: return 0 * cmp1 > cmp2: return >0 */ static inline int ktime_compare(const ktime_t cmp1, const ktime_t cmp2) { if (cmp1 < cmp2) return -1; if (cmp1 > cmp2) return 1; return 0; } /** * ktime_after - Compare if a ktime_t value is bigger than another one. * @cmp1: comparable1 * @cmp2: comparable2 * * Return: true if cmp1 happened after cmp2. */ static inline bool ktime_after(const ktime_t cmp1, const ktime_t cmp2) { return ktime_compare(cmp1, cmp2) > 0; } /** * ktime_before - Compare if a ktime_t value is smaller than another one. * @cmp1: comparable1 * @cmp2: comparable2 * * Return: true if cmp1 happened before cmp2. */ static inline bool ktime_before(const ktime_t cmp1, const ktime_t cmp2) { return ktime_compare(cmp1, cmp2) < 0; } #if BITS_PER_LONG < 64 extern s64 __ktime_divns(const ktime_t kt, s64 div); static inline s64 ktime_divns(const ktime_t kt, s64 div) { /* * Negative divisors could cause an inf loop, * so bug out here. */ BUG_ON(div < 0); if (__builtin_constant_p(div) && !(div >> 32)) { s64 ns = kt; u64 tmp = ns < 0 ? -ns : ns; do_div(tmp, div); return ns < 0 ? -tmp : tmp; } else { return __ktime_divns(kt, div); } } #else /* BITS_PER_LONG < 64 */ static inline s64 ktime_divns(const ktime_t kt, s64 div) { /* * 32-bit implementation cannot handle negative divisors, * so catch them on 64bit as well. */ WARN_ON(div < 0); return kt / div; } #endif static inline s64 ktime_to_us(const ktime_t kt) { return ktime_divns(kt, NSEC_PER_USEC); } static inline s64 ktime_to_ms(const ktime_t kt) { return ktime_divns(kt, NSEC_PER_MSEC); } static inline s64 ktime_us_delta(const ktime_t later, const ktime_t earlier) { return ktime_to_us(ktime_sub(later, earlier)); } static inline s64 ktime_ms_delta(const ktime_t later, const ktime_t earlier) { return ktime_to_ms(ktime_sub(later, earlier)); } static inline ktime_t ktime_add_us(const ktime_t kt, const u64 usec) { return ktime_add_ns(kt, usec * NSEC_PER_USEC); } static inline ktime_t ktime_add_ms(const ktime_t kt, const u64 msec) { return ktime_add_ns(kt, msec * NSEC_PER_MSEC); } static inline ktime_t ktime_sub_us(const ktime_t kt, const u64 usec) { return ktime_sub_ns(kt, usec * NSEC_PER_USEC); } static inline ktime_t ktime_sub_ms(const ktime_t kt, const u64 msec) { return ktime_sub_ns(kt, msec * NSEC_PER_MSEC); } extern ktime_t ktime_add_safe(const ktime_t lhs, const ktime_t rhs); /** * ktime_to_timespec64_cond - convert a ktime_t variable to timespec64 * format only if the variable contains data * @kt: the ktime_t variable to convert * @ts: the timespec variable to store the result in * * Return: %true if there was a successful conversion, %false if kt was 0. */ static inline __must_check bool ktime_to_timespec64_cond(const ktime_t kt, struct timespec64 *ts) { if (kt) { *ts = ktime_to_timespec64(kt); return true; } else { return false; } } #include <vdso/ktime.h> static inline ktime_t ns_to_ktime(u64 ns) { return ns; } static inline ktime_t ms_to_ktime(u64 ms) { return ms * NSEC_PER_MSEC; } # include <linux/timekeeping.h> # include <linux/timekeeping32.h> #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_NVRAM_H #define _LINUX_NVRAM_H #include <linux/errno.h> #include <uapi/linux/nvram.h> #ifdef CONFIG_PPC #include <asm/machdep.h> #endif /** * struct nvram_ops - NVRAM functionality made available to drivers * @read: validate checksum (if any) then load a range of bytes from NVRAM * @write: store a range of bytes to NVRAM then update checksum (if any) * @read_byte: load a single byte from NVRAM * @write_byte: store a single byte to NVRAM * @get_size: return the fixed number of bytes in the NVRAM * * Architectures which provide an nvram ops struct need not implement all * of these methods. If the NVRAM hardware can be accessed only one byte * at a time then it may be sufficient to provide .read_byte and .write_byte. * If the NVRAM has a checksum (and it is to be checked) the .read and * .write methods can be used to implement that efficiently. * * Portable drivers may use the wrapper functions defined here. * The nvram_read() and nvram_write() functions call the .read and .write * methods when available and fall back on the .read_byte and .write_byte * methods otherwise. */ struct nvram_ops { ssize_t (*get_size)(void); unsigned char (*read_byte)(int); void (*write_byte)(unsigned char, int); ssize_t (*read)(char *, size_t, loff_t *); ssize_t (*write)(char *, size_t, loff_t *); #if defined(CONFIG_X86) || defined(CONFIG_M68K) long (*initialize)(void); long (*set_checksum)(void); #endif }; extern const struct nvram_ops arch_nvram_ops; static inline ssize_t nvram_get_size(void) { #ifdef CONFIG_PPC if (ppc_md.nvram_size) return ppc_md.nvram_size(); #else if (arch_nvram_ops.get_size) return arch_nvram_ops.get_size(); #endif return -ENODEV; } static inline unsigned char nvram_read_byte(int addr) { #ifdef CONFIG_PPC if (ppc_md.nvram_read_val) return ppc_md.nvram_read_val(addr); #else if (arch_nvram_ops.read_byte) return arch_nvram_ops.read_byte(addr); #endif return 0xFF; } static inline void nvram_write_byte(unsigned char val, int addr) { #ifdef CONFIG_PPC if (ppc_md.nvram_write_val) ppc_md.nvram_write_val(addr, val); #else if (arch_nvram_ops.write_byte) arch_nvram_ops.write_byte(val, addr); #endif } static inline ssize_t nvram_read_bytes(char *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { ssize_t nvram_size = nvram_get_size(); loff_t i; char *p = buf; if (nvram_size < 0) return nvram_size; for (i = *ppos; count > 0 && i < nvram_size; ++i, ++p, --count) *p = nvram_read_byte(i); *ppos = i; return p - buf; } static inline ssize_t nvram_write_bytes(char *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { ssize_t nvram_size = nvram_get_size(); loff_t i; char *p = buf; if (nvram_size < 0) return nvram_size; for (i = *ppos; count > 0 && i < nvram_size; ++i, ++p, --count) nvram_write_byte(*p, i); *ppos = i; return p - buf; } static inline ssize_t nvram_read(char *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { #ifdef CONFIG_PPC if (ppc_md.nvram_read) return ppc_md.nvram_read(buf, count, ppos); #else if (arch_nvram_ops.read) return arch_nvram_ops.read(buf, count, ppos); #endif return nvram_read_bytes(buf, count, ppos); } static inline ssize_t nvram_write(char *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { #ifdef CONFIG_PPC if (ppc_md.nvram_write) return ppc_md.nvram_write(buf, count, ppos); #else if (arch_nvram_ops.write) return arch_nvram_ops.write(buf, count, ppos); #endif return nvram_write_bytes(buf, count, ppos); } #endif /* _LINUX_NVRAM_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note */ /* * include/linux/eventpoll.h ( Efficient event polling implementation ) * Copyright (C) 2001,...,2006 Davide Libenzi * * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or * (at your option) any later version. * * Davide Libenzi <davidel@xmailserver.org> * */ #ifndef _UAPI_LINUX_EVENTPOLL_H #define _UAPI_LINUX_EVENTPOLL_H /* For O_CLOEXEC */ #include <linux/fcntl.h> #include <linux/types.h> /* Flags for epoll_create1. */ #define EPOLL_CLOEXEC O_CLOEXEC /* Valid opcodes to issue to sys_epoll_ctl() */ #define EPOLL_CTL_ADD 1 #define EPOLL_CTL_DEL 2 #define EPOLL_CTL_MOD 3 /* Epoll event masks */ #define EPOLLIN (__force __poll_t)0x00000001 #define EPOLLPRI (__force __poll_t)0x00000002 #define EPOLLOUT (__force __poll_t)0x00000004 #define EPOLLERR (__force __poll_t)0x00000008 #define EPOLLHUP (__force __poll_t)0x00000010 #define EPOLLNVAL (__force __poll_t)0x00000020 #define EPOLLRDNORM (__force __poll_t)0x00000040 #define EPOLLRDBAND (__force __poll_t)0x00000080 #define EPOLLWRNORM (__force __poll_t)0x00000100 #define EPOLLWRBAND (__force __poll_t)0x00000200 #define EPOLLMSG (__force __poll_t)0x00000400 #define EPOLLRDHUP (__force __poll_t)0x00002000 /* Set exclusive wakeup mode for the target file descriptor */ #define EPOLLEXCLUSIVE ((__force __poll_t)(1U << 28)) /* * Request the handling of system wakeup events so as to prevent system suspends * from happening while those events are being processed. * * Assuming neither EPOLLET nor EPOLLONESHOT is set, system suspends will not be * re-allowed until epoll_wait is called again after consuming the wakeup * event(s). * * Requires CAP_BLOCK_SUSPEND */ #define EPOLLWAKEUP ((__force __poll_t)(1U << 29)) /* Set the One Shot behaviour for the target file descriptor */ #define EPOLLONESHOT ((__force __poll_t)(1U << 30)) /* Set the Edge Triggered behaviour for the target file descriptor */ #define EPOLLET ((__force __poll_t)(1U << 31)) /* * On x86-64 make the 64bit structure have the same alignment as the * 32bit structure. This makes 32bit emulation easier. * * UML/x86_64 needs the same packing as x86_64 */ #ifdef __x86_64__ #define EPOLL_PACKED __attribute__((packed)) #else #define EPOLL_PACKED #endif struct epoll_event { __poll_t events; __u64 data; } EPOLL_PACKED; #ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP static inline void ep_take_care_of_epollwakeup(struct epoll_event *epev) { if ((epev->events & EPOLLWAKEUP) && !capable(CAP_BLOCK_SUSPEND)) epev->events &= ~EPOLLWAKEUP; } #else static inline void ep_take_care_of_epollwakeup(struct epoll_event *epev) { epev->events &= ~EPOLLWAKEUP; } #endif #endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_EVENTPOLL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_FUTEX_H #define _ASM_X86_FUTEX_H #ifdef __KERNEL__ #include <linux/futex.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/asm.h> #include <asm/errno.h> #include <asm/processor.h> #include <asm/smap.h> #define unsafe_atomic_op1(insn, oval, uaddr, oparg, label) \ do { \ int oldval = 0, ret; \ asm volatile("1:\t" insn "\n" \ "2:\n" \ "\t.section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \ "3:\tmov\t%3, %1\n" \ "\tjmp\t2b\n" \ "\t.previous\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 3b) \ : "=r" (oldval), "=r" (ret), "+m" (*uaddr) \ : "i" (-EFAULT), "0" (oparg), "1" (0)); \ if (ret) \ goto label; \ *oval = oldval; \ } while(0) #define unsafe_atomic_op2(insn, oval, uaddr, oparg, label) \ do { \ int oldval = 0, ret, tem; \ asm volatile("1:\tmovl %2, %0\n" \ "2:\tmovl\t%0, %3\n" \ "\t" insn "\n" \ "3:\t" LOCK_PREFIX "cmpxchgl %3, %2\n" \ "\tjnz\t2b\n" \ "4:\n" \ "\t.section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \ "5:\tmov\t%5, %1\n" \ "\tjmp\t4b\n" \ "\t.previous\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 5b) \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(3b, 5b) \ : "=&a" (oldval), "=&r" (ret), \ "+m" (*uaddr), "=&r" (tem) \ : "r" (oparg), "i" (-EFAULT), "1" (0)); \ if (ret) \ goto label; \ *oval = oldval; \ } while(0) static __always_inline int arch_futex_atomic_op_inuser(int op, int oparg, int *oval, u32 __user *uaddr) { if (!user_access_begin(uaddr, sizeof(u32))) return -EFAULT; switch (op) { case FUTEX_OP_SET: unsafe_atomic_op1("xchgl %0, %2", oval, uaddr, oparg, Efault); break; case FUTEX_OP_ADD: unsafe_atomic_op1(LOCK_PREFIX "xaddl %0, %2", oval, uaddr, oparg, Efault); break; case FUTEX_OP_OR: unsafe_atomic_op2("orl %4, %3", oval, uaddr, oparg, Efault); break; case FUTEX_OP_ANDN: unsafe_atomic_op2("andl %4, %3", oval, uaddr, ~oparg, Efault); break; case FUTEX_OP_XOR: unsafe_atomic_op2("xorl %4, %3", oval, uaddr, oparg, Efault); break; default: user_access_end(); return -ENOSYS; } user_access_end(); return 0; Efault: user_access_end(); return -EFAULT; } static inline int futex_atomic_cmpxchg_inatomic(u32 *uval, u32 __user *uaddr, u32 oldval, u32 newval) { int ret = 0; if (!user_access_begin(uaddr, sizeof(u32))) return -EFAULT; asm volatile("\n" "1:\t" LOCK_PREFIX "cmpxchgl %4, %2\n" "2:\n" "\t.section .fixup, \"ax\"\n" "3:\tmov %3, %0\n" "\tjmp 2b\n" "\t.previous\n" _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 3b) : "+r" (ret), "=a" (oldval), "+m" (*uaddr) : "i" (-EFAULT), "r" (newval), "1" (oldval) : "memory" ); user_access_end(); *uval = oldval; return ret; } #endif #endif /* _ASM_X86_FUTEX_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Internal header to deal with irq_desc->status which will be renamed * to irq_desc->settings. */ enum { _IRQ_DEFAULT_INIT_FLAGS = IRQ_DEFAULT_INIT_FLAGS, _IRQ_PER_CPU = IRQ_PER_CPU, _IRQ_LEVEL = IRQ_LEVEL, _IRQ_NOPROBE = IRQ_NOPROBE, _IRQ_NOREQUEST = IRQ_NOREQUEST, _IRQ_NOTHREAD = IRQ_NOTHREAD, _IRQ_NOAUTOEN = IRQ_NOAUTOEN, _IRQ_MOVE_PCNTXT = IRQ_MOVE_PCNTXT, _IRQ_NO_BALANCING = IRQ_NO_BALANCING, _IRQ_NESTED_THREAD = IRQ_NESTED_THREAD, _IRQ_PER_CPU_DEVID = IRQ_PER_CPU_DEVID, _IRQ_IS_POLLED = IRQ_IS_POLLED, _IRQ_DISABLE_UNLAZY = IRQ_DISABLE_UNLAZY, _IRQ_HIDDEN = IRQ_HIDDEN, _IRQF_MODIFY_MASK = IRQF_MODIFY_MASK, }; #define IRQ_PER_CPU GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_NO_BALANCING GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_LEVEL GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_NOPROBE GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_NOREQUEST GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_NOTHREAD GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_NOAUTOEN GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_NESTED_THREAD GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_PER_CPU_DEVID GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_IS_POLLED GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_DISABLE_UNLAZY GOT_YOU_MORON #define IRQ_HIDDEN GOT_YOU_MORON #undef IRQF_MODIFY_MASK #define IRQF_MODIFY_MASK GOT_YOU_MORON static inline void irq_settings_clr_and_set(struct irq_desc *desc, u32 clr, u32 set) { desc->status_use_accessors &= ~(clr & _IRQF_MODIFY_MASK); desc->status_use_accessors |= (set & _IRQF_MODIFY_MASK); } static inline bool irq_settings_is_per_cpu(struct irq_desc *desc) { return desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_PER_CPU; } static inline bool irq_settings_is_per_cpu_devid(struct irq_desc *desc) { return desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_PER_CPU_DEVID; } static inline void irq_settings_set_per_cpu(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors |= _IRQ_PER_CPU; } static inline void irq_settings_set_no_balancing(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors |= _IRQ_NO_BALANCING; } static inline bool irq_settings_has_no_balance_set(struct irq_desc *desc) { return desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_NO_BALANCING; } static inline u32 irq_settings_get_trigger_mask(struct irq_desc *desc) { return desc->status_use_accessors & IRQ_TYPE_SENSE_MASK; } static inline void irq_settings_set_trigger_mask(struct irq_desc *desc, u32 mask) { desc->status_use_accessors &= ~IRQ_TYPE_SENSE_MASK; desc->status_use_accessors |= mask & IRQ_TYPE_SENSE_MASK; } static inline bool irq_settings_is_level(struct irq_desc *desc) { return desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_LEVEL; } static inline void irq_settings_clr_level(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors &= ~_IRQ_LEVEL; } static inline void irq_settings_set_level(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors |= _IRQ_LEVEL; } static inline bool irq_settings_can_request(struct irq_desc *desc) { return !(desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_NOREQUEST); } static inline void irq_settings_clr_norequest(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors &= ~_IRQ_NOREQUEST; } static inline void irq_settings_set_norequest(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors |= _IRQ_NOREQUEST; } static inline bool irq_settings_can_thread(struct irq_desc *desc) { return !(desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_NOTHREAD); } static inline void irq_settings_clr_nothread(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors &= ~_IRQ_NOTHREAD; } static inline void irq_settings_set_nothread(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors |= _IRQ_NOTHREAD; } static inline bool irq_settings_can_probe(struct irq_desc *desc) { return !(desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_NOPROBE); } static inline void irq_settings_clr_noprobe(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors &= ~_IRQ_NOPROBE; } static inline void irq_settings_set_noprobe(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors |= _IRQ_NOPROBE; } static inline bool irq_settings_can_move_pcntxt(struct irq_desc *desc) { return desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_MOVE_PCNTXT; } static inline bool irq_settings_can_autoenable(struct irq_desc *desc) { return !(desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_NOAUTOEN); } static inline bool irq_settings_is_nested_thread(struct irq_desc *desc) { return desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_NESTED_THREAD; } static inline bool irq_settings_is_polled(struct irq_desc *desc) { return desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_IS_POLLED; } static inline bool irq_settings_disable_unlazy(struct irq_desc *desc) { return desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_DISABLE_UNLAZY; } static inline void irq_settings_clr_disable_unlazy(struct irq_desc *desc) { desc->status_use_accessors &= ~_IRQ_DISABLE_UNLAZY; } static inline bool irq_settings_is_hidden(struct irq_desc *desc) { return desc->status_use_accessors & _IRQ_HIDDEN; }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Definitions for the UDP module. * * Version: @(#)udp.h 1.0.2 05/07/93 * * Authors: Ross Biro * Fred N. van Kempen, <waltje@uWalt.NL.Mugnet.ORG> * * Fixes: * Alan Cox : Turned on udp checksums. I don't want to * chase 'memory corruption' bugs that aren't! */ #ifndef _UDP_H #define _UDP_H #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <net/inet_sock.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <net/snmp.h> #include <net/ip.h> #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/poll.h> #include <linux/indirect_call_wrapper.h> /** * struct udp_skb_cb - UDP(-Lite) private variables * * @header: private variables used by IPv4/IPv6 * @cscov: checksum coverage length (UDP-Lite only) * @partial_cov: if set indicates partial csum coverage */ struct udp_skb_cb { union { struct inet_skb_parm h4; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) struct inet6_skb_parm h6; #endif } header; __u16 cscov; __u8 partial_cov; }; #define UDP_SKB_CB(__skb) ((struct udp_skb_cb *)((__skb)->cb)) /** * struct udp_hslot - UDP hash slot * * @head: head of list of sockets * @count: number of sockets in 'head' list * @lock: spinlock protecting changes to head/count */ struct udp_hslot { struct hlist_head head; int count; spinlock_t lock; } __attribute__((aligned(2 * sizeof(long)))); /** * struct udp_table - UDP table * * @hash: hash table, sockets are hashed on (local port) * @hash2: hash table, sockets are hashed on (local port, local address) * @mask: number of slots in hash tables, minus 1 * @log: log2(number of slots in hash table) */ struct udp_table { struct udp_hslot *hash; struct udp_hslot *hash2; unsigned int mask; unsigned int log; }; extern struct udp_table udp_table; void udp_table_init(struct udp_table *, const char *); static inline struct udp_hslot *udp_hashslot(struct udp_table *table, struct net *net, unsigned int num) { return &table->hash[udp_hashfn(net, num, table->mask)]; } /* * For secondary hash, net_hash_mix() is performed before calling * udp_hashslot2(), this explains difference with udp_hashslot() */ static inline struct udp_hslot *udp_hashslot2(struct udp_table *table, unsigned int hash) { return &table->hash2[hash & table->mask]; } extern struct proto udp_prot; extern atomic_long_t udp_memory_allocated; /* sysctl variables for udp */ extern long sysctl_udp_mem[3]; extern int sysctl_udp_rmem_min; extern int sysctl_udp_wmem_min; struct sk_buff; /* * Generic checksumming routines for UDP(-Lite) v4 and v6 */ static inline __sum16 __udp_lib_checksum_complete(struct sk_buff *skb) { return (UDP_SKB_CB(skb)->cscov == skb->len ? __skb_checksum_complete(skb) : __skb_checksum_complete_head(skb, UDP_SKB_CB(skb)->cscov)); } static inline int udp_lib_checksum_complete(struct sk_buff *skb) { return !skb_csum_unnecessary(skb) && __udp_lib_checksum_complete(skb); } /** * udp_csum_outgoing - compute UDPv4/v6 checksum over fragments * @sk: socket we are writing to * @skb: sk_buff containing the filled-in UDP header * (checksum field must be zeroed out) */ static inline __wsum udp_csum_outgoing(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { __wsum csum = csum_partial(skb_transport_header(skb), sizeof(struct udphdr), 0); skb_queue_walk(&sk->sk_write_queue, skb) { csum = csum_add(csum, skb->csum); } return csum; } static inline __wsum udp_csum(struct sk_buff *skb) { __wsum csum = csum_partial(skb_transport_header(skb), sizeof(struct udphdr), skb->csum); for (skb = skb_shinfo(skb)->frag_list; skb; skb = skb->next) { csum = csum_add(csum, skb->csum); } return csum; } static inline __sum16 udp_v4_check(int len, __be32 saddr, __be32 daddr, __wsum base) { return csum_tcpudp_magic(saddr, daddr, len, IPPROTO_UDP, base); } void udp_set_csum(bool nocheck, struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 saddr, __be32 daddr, int len); static inline void udp_csum_pull_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (!skb->csum_valid && skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_NONE) skb->csum = csum_partial(skb->data, sizeof(struct udphdr), skb->csum); skb_pull_rcsum(skb, sizeof(struct udphdr)); UDP_SKB_CB(skb)->cscov -= sizeof(struct udphdr); } typedef struct sock *(*udp_lookup_t)(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 sport, __be16 dport); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(struct sk_buff *udp4_gro_receive(struct list_head *, struct sk_buff *)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(int udp4_gro_complete(struct sk_buff *, int)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(struct sk_buff *udp6_gro_receive(struct list_head *, struct sk_buff *)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(int udp6_gro_complete(struct sk_buff *, int)); struct sk_buff *udp_gro_receive(struct list_head *head, struct sk_buff *skb, struct udphdr *uh, struct sock *sk); int udp_gro_complete(struct sk_buff *skb, int nhoff, udp_lookup_t lookup); struct sk_buff *__udp_gso_segment(struct sk_buff *gso_skb, netdev_features_t features, bool is_ipv6); static inline struct udphdr *udp_gro_udphdr(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct udphdr *uh; unsigned int hlen, off; off = skb_gro_offset(skb); hlen = off + sizeof(*uh); uh = skb_gro_header_fast(skb, off); if (skb_gro_header_hard(skb, hlen)) uh = skb_gro_header_slow(skb, hlen, off); return uh; } /* hash routines shared between UDPv4/6 and UDP-Litev4/6 */ static inline int udp_lib_hash(struct sock *sk) { BUG(); return 0; } void udp_lib_unhash(struct sock *sk); void udp_lib_rehash(struct sock *sk, u16 new_hash); static inline void udp_lib_close(struct sock *sk, long timeout) { sk_common_release(sk); } int udp_lib_get_port(struct sock *sk, unsigned short snum, unsigned int hash2_nulladdr); u32 udp_flow_hashrnd(void); static inline __be16 udp_flow_src_port(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, int min, int max, bool use_eth) { u32 hash; if (min >= max) { /* Use default range */ inet_get_local_port_range(net, &min, &max); } hash = skb_get_hash(skb); if (unlikely(!hash)) { if (use_eth) { /* Can't find a normal hash, caller has indicated an * Ethernet packet so use that to compute a hash. */ hash = jhash(skb->data, 2 * ETH_ALEN, (__force u32) skb->protocol); } else { /* Can't derive any sort of hash for the packet, set * to some consistent random value. */ hash = udp_flow_hashrnd(); } } /* Since this is being sent on the wire obfuscate hash a bit * to minimize possbility that any useful information to an * attacker is leaked. Only upper 16 bits are relevant in the * computation for 16 bit port value. */ hash ^= hash << 16; return htons((((u64) hash * (max - min)) >> 32) + min); } static inline int udp_rqueue_get(struct sock *sk) { return sk_rmem_alloc_get(sk) - READ_ONCE(udp_sk(sk)->forward_deficit); } static inline bool udp_sk_bound_dev_eq(struct net *net, int bound_dev_if, int dif, int sdif) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_L3_MASTER_DEV) return inet_bound_dev_eq(!!net->ipv4.sysctl_udp_l3mdev_accept, bound_dev_if, dif, sdif); #else return inet_bound_dev_eq(true, bound_dev_if, dif, sdif); #endif } /* net/ipv4/udp.c */ void udp_destruct_sock(struct sock *sk); void skb_consume_udp(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int len); int __udp_enqueue_schedule_skb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); void udp_skb_destructor(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); struct sk_buff *__skb_recv_udp(struct sock *sk, unsigned int flags, int noblock, int *off, int *err); static inline struct sk_buff *skb_recv_udp(struct sock *sk, unsigned int flags, int noblock, int *err) { int off = 0; return __skb_recv_udp(sk, flags, noblock, &off, err); } int udp_v4_early_demux(struct sk_buff *skb); bool udp_sk_rx_dst_set(struct sock *sk, struct dst_entry *dst); int udp_get_port(struct sock *sk, unsigned short snum, int (*saddr_cmp)(const struct sock *, const struct sock *)); int udp_err(struct sk_buff *, u32); int udp_abort(struct sock *sk, int err); int udp_sendmsg(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, size_t len); int udp_push_pending_frames(struct sock *sk); void udp_flush_pending_frames(struct sock *sk); int udp_cmsg_send(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, u16 *gso_size); void udp4_hwcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 src, __be32 dst); int udp_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb); int udp_ioctl(struct sock *sk, int cmd, unsigned long arg); int udp_init_sock(struct sock *sk); int udp_pre_connect(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len); int __udp_disconnect(struct sock *sk, int flags); int udp_disconnect(struct sock *sk, int flags); __poll_t udp_poll(struct file *file, struct socket *sock, poll_table *wait); struct sk_buff *skb_udp_tunnel_segment(struct sk_buff *skb, netdev_features_t features, bool is_ipv6); int udp_lib_getsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname, char __user *optval, int __user *optlen); int udp_lib_setsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname, sockptr_t optval, unsigned int optlen, int (*push_pending_frames)(struct sock *)); struct sock *udp4_lib_lookup(struct net *net, __be32 saddr, __be16 sport, __be32 daddr, __be16 dport, int dif); struct sock *__udp4_lib_lookup(struct net *net, __be32 saddr, __be16 sport, __be32 daddr, __be16 dport, int dif, int sdif, struct udp_table *tbl, struct sk_buff *skb); struct sock *udp4_lib_lookup_skb(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 sport, __be16 dport); struct sock *udp6_lib_lookup(struct net *net, const struct in6_addr *saddr, __be16 sport, const struct in6_addr *daddr, __be16 dport, int dif); struct sock *__udp6_lib_lookup(struct net *net, const struct in6_addr *saddr, __be16 sport, const struct in6_addr *daddr, __be16 dport, int dif, int sdif, struct udp_table *tbl, struct sk_buff *skb); struct sock *udp6_lib_lookup_skb(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 sport, __be16 dport); /* UDP uses skb->dev_scratch to cache as much information as possible and avoid * possibly multiple cache miss on dequeue() */ struct udp_dev_scratch { /* skb->truesize and the stateless bit are embedded in a single field; * do not use a bitfield since the compiler emits better/smaller code * this way */ u32 _tsize_state; #if BITS_PER_LONG == 64 /* len and the bit needed to compute skb_csum_unnecessary * will be on cold cache lines at recvmsg time. * skb->len can be stored on 16 bits since the udp header has been * already validated and pulled. */ u16 len; bool is_linear; bool csum_unnecessary; #endif }; static inline struct udp_dev_scratch *udp_skb_scratch(struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct udp_dev_scratch *)&skb->dev_scratch; } #if BITS_PER_LONG == 64 static inline unsigned int udp_skb_len(struct sk_buff *skb) { return udp_skb_scratch(skb)->len; } static inline bool udp_skb_csum_unnecessary(struct sk_buff *skb) { return udp_skb_scratch(skb)->csum_unnecessary; } static inline bool udp_skb_is_linear(struct sk_buff *skb) { return udp_skb_scratch(skb)->is_linear; } #else static inline unsigned int udp_skb_len(struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->len; } static inline bool udp_skb_csum_unnecessary(struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_csum_unnecessary(skb); } static inline bool udp_skb_is_linear(struct sk_buff *skb) { return !skb_is_nonlinear(skb); } #endif static inline int copy_linear_skb(struct sk_buff *skb, int len, int off, struct iov_iter *to) { int n; n = copy_to_iter(skb->data + off, len, to); if (n == len) return 0; iov_iter_revert(to, n); return -EFAULT; } /* * SNMP statistics for UDP and UDP-Lite */ #define UDP_INC_STATS(net, field, is_udplite) do { \ if (is_udplite) SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.udplite_statistics, field); \ else SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.udp_statistics, field); } while(0) #define __UDP_INC_STATS(net, field, is_udplite) do { \ if (is_udplite) __SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.udplite_statistics, field); \ else __SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.udp_statistics, field); } while(0) #define __UDP6_INC_STATS(net, field, is_udplite) do { \ if (is_udplite) __SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.udplite_stats_in6, field);\ else __SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.udp_stats_in6, field); \ } while(0) #define UDP6_INC_STATS(net, field, __lite) do { \ if (__lite) SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.udplite_stats_in6, field); \ else SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.udp_stats_in6, field); \ } while(0) #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) #define __UDPX_MIB(sk, ipv4) \ ({ \ ipv4 ? (IS_UDPLITE(sk) ? sock_net(sk)->mib.udplite_statistics : \ sock_net(sk)->mib.udp_statistics) : \ (IS_UDPLITE(sk) ? sock_net(sk)->mib.udplite_stats_in6 : \ sock_net(sk)->mib.udp_stats_in6); \ }) #else #define __UDPX_MIB(sk, ipv4) \ ({ \ IS_UDPLITE(sk) ? sock_net(sk)->mib.udplite_statistics : \ sock_net(sk)->mib.udp_statistics; \ }) #endif #define __UDPX_INC_STATS(sk, field) \ __SNMP_INC_STATS(__UDPX_MIB(sk, (sk)->sk_family == AF_INET), field) #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS struct udp_seq_afinfo { sa_family_t family; struct udp_table *udp_table; }; struct udp_iter_state { struct seq_net_private p; int bucket; struct udp_seq_afinfo *bpf_seq_afinfo; }; void *udp_seq_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos); void *udp_seq_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *v, loff_t *pos); void udp_seq_stop(struct seq_file *seq, void *v); extern const struct seq_operations udp_seq_ops; extern const struct seq_operations udp6_seq_ops; int udp4_proc_init(void); void udp4_proc_exit(void); #endif /* CONFIG_PROC_FS */ int udpv4_offload_init(void); void udp_init(void); DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(udp_encap_needed_key); void udp_encap_enable(void); #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(udpv6_encap_needed_key); void udpv6_encap_enable(void); #endif static inline struct sk_buff *udp_rcv_segment(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, bool ipv4) { netdev_features_t features = NETIF_F_SG; struct sk_buff *segs; /* Avoid csum recalculation by skb_segment unless userspace explicitly * asks for the final checksum values */ if (!inet_get_convert_csum(sk)) features |= NETIF_F_IP_CSUM | NETIF_F_IPV6_CSUM; /* UDP segmentation expects packets of type CHECKSUM_PARTIAL or * CHECKSUM_NONE in __udp_gso_segment. UDP GRO indeed builds partial * packets in udp_gro_complete_segment. As does UDP GSO, verified by * udp_send_skb. But when those packets are looped in dev_loopback_xmit * their ip_summed CHECKSUM_NONE is changed to CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY. * Reset in this specific case, where PARTIAL is both correct and * required. */ if (skb->pkt_type == PACKET_LOOPBACK) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_PARTIAL; /* the GSO CB lays after the UDP one, no need to save and restore any * CB fragment */ segs = __skb_gso_segment(skb, features, false); if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(segs)) { int segs_nr = skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_segs; atomic_add(segs_nr, &sk->sk_drops); SNMP_ADD_STATS(__UDPX_MIB(sk, ipv4), UDP_MIB_INERRORS, segs_nr); kfree_skb(skb); return NULL; } consume_skb(skb); return segs; } #ifdef CONFIG_BPF_STREAM_PARSER struct sk_psock; struct proto *udp_bpf_get_proto(struct sock *sk, struct sk_psock *psock); #endif /* BPF_STREAM_PARSER */ #endif /* _UDP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* rwsem.h: R/W semaphores, public interface * * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com). * Derived from asm-i386/semaphore.h */ #ifndef _LINUX_RWSEM_H #define _LINUX_RWSEM_H #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/err.h> #ifdef CONFIG_RWSEM_SPIN_ON_OWNER #include <linux/osq_lock.h> #endif /* * For an uncontended rwsem, count and owner are the only fields a task * needs to touch when acquiring the rwsem. So they are put next to each * other to increase the chance that they will share the same cacheline. * * In a contended rwsem, the owner is likely the most frequently accessed * field in the structure as the optimistic waiter that holds the osq lock * will spin on owner. For an embedded rwsem, other hot fields in the * containing structure should be moved further away from the rwsem to * reduce the chance that they will share the same cacheline causing * cacheline bouncing problem. */ struct rw_semaphore { atomic_long_t count; /* * Write owner or one of the read owners as well flags regarding * the current state of the rwsem. Can be used as a speculative * check to see if the write owner is running on the cpu. */ atomic_long_t owner; #ifdef CONFIG_RWSEM_SPIN_ON_OWNER struct optimistic_spin_queue osq; /* spinner MCS lock */ #endif raw_spinlock_t wait_lock; struct list_head wait_list; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_RWSEMS void *magic; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC struct lockdep_map dep_map; #endif }; /* In all implementations count != 0 means locked */ static inline int rwsem_is_locked(struct rw_semaphore *sem) { return atomic_long_read(&sem->count) != 0; } #define RWSEM_UNLOCKED_VALUE 0L #define __RWSEM_COUNT_INIT(name) .count = ATOMIC_LONG_INIT(RWSEM_UNLOCKED_VALUE) /* Common initializer macros and functions */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC # define __RWSEM_DEP_MAP_INIT(lockname) \ .dep_map = { \ .name = #lockname, \ .wait_type_inner = LD_WAIT_SLEEP, \ }, #else # define __RWSEM_DEP_MAP_INIT(lockname) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_RWSEMS # define __RWSEM_DEBUG_INIT(lockname) .magic = &lockname, #else # define __RWSEM_DEBUG_INIT(lockname) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_RWSEM_SPIN_ON_OWNER #define __RWSEM_OPT_INIT(lockname) .osq = OSQ_LOCK_UNLOCKED, #else #define __RWSEM_OPT_INIT(lockname) #endif #define __RWSEM_INITIALIZER(name) \ { __RWSEM_COUNT_INIT(name), \ .owner = ATOMIC_LONG_INIT(0), \ __RWSEM_OPT_INIT(name) \ .wait_lock = __RAW_SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(name.wait_lock),\ .wait_list = LIST_HEAD_INIT((name).wait_list), \ __RWSEM_DEBUG_INIT(name) \ __RWSEM_DEP_MAP_INIT(name) } #define DECLARE_RWSEM(name) \ struct rw_semaphore name = __RWSEM_INITIALIZER(name) extern void __init_rwsem(struct rw_semaphore *sem, const char *name, struct lock_class_key *key); #define init_rwsem(sem) \ do { \ static struct lock_class_key __key; \ \ __init_rwsem((sem), #sem, &__key); \ } while (0) /* * This is the same regardless of which rwsem implementation that is being used. * It is just a heuristic meant to be called by somebody alreadying holding the * rwsem to see if somebody from an incompatible type is wanting access to the * lock. */ static inline int rwsem_is_contended(struct rw_semaphore *sem) { return !list_empty(&sem->wait_list); } /* * lock for reading */ extern void down_read(struct rw_semaphore *sem); extern int __must_check down_read_interruptible(struct rw_semaphore *sem); extern int __must_check down_read_killable(struct rw_semaphore *sem); /* * trylock for reading -- returns 1 if successful, 0 if contention */ extern int down_read_trylock(struct rw_semaphore *sem); /* * lock for writing */ extern void down_write(struct rw_semaphore *sem); extern int __must_check down_write_killable(struct rw_semaphore *sem); /* * trylock for writing -- returns 1 if successful, 0 if contention */ extern int down_write_trylock(struct rw_semaphore *sem); /* * release a read lock */ extern void up_read(struct rw_semaphore *sem); /* * release a write lock */ extern void up_write(struct rw_semaphore *sem); /* * downgrade write lock to read lock */ extern void downgrade_write(struct rw_semaphore *sem); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC /* * nested locking. NOTE: rwsems are not allowed to recurse * (which occurs if the same task tries to acquire the same * lock instance multiple times), but multiple locks of the * same lock class might be taken, if the order of the locks * is always the same. This ordering rule can be expressed * to lockdep via the _nested() APIs, but enumerating the * subclasses that are used. (If the nesting relationship is * static then another method for expressing nested locking is * the explicit definition of lock class keys and the use of * lockdep_set_class() at lock initialization time. * See Documentation/locking/lockdep-design.rst for more details.) */ extern void down_read_nested(struct rw_semaphore *sem, int subclass); extern int __must_check down_read_killable_nested(struct rw_semaphore *sem, int subclass); extern void down_write_nested(struct rw_semaphore *sem, int subclass); extern int down_write_killable_nested(struct rw_semaphore *sem, int subclass); extern void _down_write_nest_lock(struct rw_semaphore *sem, struct lockdep_map *nest_lock); # define down_write_nest_lock(sem, nest_lock) \ do { \ typecheck(struct lockdep_map *, &(nest_lock)->dep_map); \ _down_write_nest_lock(sem, &(nest_lock)->dep_map); \ } while (0); /* * Take/release a lock when not the owner will release it. * * [ This API should be avoided as much as possible - the * proper abstraction for this case is completions. ] */ extern void down_read_non_owner(struct rw_semaphore *sem); extern void up_read_non_owner(struct rw_semaphore *sem); #else # define down_read_nested(sem, subclass) down_read(sem) # define down_read_killable_nested(sem, subclass) down_read_killable(sem) # define down_write_nest_lock(sem, nest_lock) down_write(sem) # define down_write_nested(sem, subclass) down_write(sem) # define down_write_killable_nested(sem, subclass) down_write_killable(sem) # define down_read_non_owner(sem) down_read(sem) # define up_read_non_owner(sem) up_read(sem) #endif #endif /* _LINUX_RWSEM_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_MIN_HEAP_H #define _LINUX_MIN_HEAP_H #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/types.h> /** * struct min_heap - Data structure to hold a min-heap. * @data: Start of array holding the heap elements. * @nr: Number of elements currently in the heap. * @size: Maximum number of elements that can be held in current storage. */ struct min_heap { void *data; int nr; int size; }; /** * struct min_heap_callbacks - Data/functions to customise the min_heap. * @elem_size: The nr of each element in bytes. * @less: Partial order function for this heap. * @swp: Swap elements function. */ struct min_heap_callbacks { int elem_size; bool (*less)(const void *lhs, const void *rhs); void (*swp)(void *lhs, void *rhs); }; /* Sift the element at pos down the heap. */ static __always_inline void min_heapify(struct min_heap *heap, int pos, const struct min_heap_callbacks *func) { void *left, *right, *parent, *smallest; void *data = heap->data; for (;;) { if (pos * 2 + 1 >= heap->nr) break; left = data + ((pos * 2 + 1) * func->elem_size); parent = data + (pos * func->elem_size); smallest = parent; if (func->less(left, smallest)) smallest = left; if (pos * 2 + 2 < heap->nr) { right = data + ((pos * 2 + 2) * func->elem_size); if (func->less(right, smallest)) smallest = right; } if (smallest == parent) break; func->swp(smallest, parent); if (smallest == left) pos = (pos * 2) + 1; else pos = (pos * 2) + 2; } } /* Floyd's approach to heapification that is O(nr). */ static __always_inline void min_heapify_all(struct min_heap *heap, const struct min_heap_callbacks *func) { int i; for (i = heap->nr / 2; i >= 0; i--) min_heapify(heap, i, func); } /* Remove minimum element from the heap, O(log2(nr)). */ static __always_inline void min_heap_pop(struct min_heap *heap, const struct min_heap_callbacks *func) { void *data = heap->data; if (WARN_ONCE(heap->nr <= 0, "Popping an empty heap")) return; /* Place last element at the root (position 0) and then sift down. */ heap->nr--; memcpy(data, data + (heap->nr * func->elem_size), func->elem_size); min_heapify(heap, 0, func); } /* * Remove the minimum element and then push the given element. The * implementation performs 1 sift (O(log2(nr))) and is therefore more * efficient than a pop followed by a push that does 2. */ static __always_inline void min_heap_pop_push(struct min_heap *heap, const void *element, const struct min_heap_callbacks *func) { memcpy(heap->data, element, func->elem_size); min_heapify(heap, 0, func); } /* Push an element on to the heap, O(log2(nr)). */ static __always_inline void min_heap_push(struct min_heap *heap, const void *element, const struct min_heap_callbacks *func) { void *data = heap->data; void *child, *parent; int pos; if (WARN_ONCE(heap->nr >= heap->size, "Pushing on a full heap")) return; /* Place at the end of data. */ pos = heap->nr; memcpy(data + (pos * func->elem_size), element, func->elem_size); heap->nr++; /* Sift child at pos up. */ for (; pos > 0; pos = (pos - 1) / 2) { child = data + (pos * func->elem_size); parent = data + ((pos - 1) / 2) * func->elem_size; if (func->less(parent, child)) break; func->swp(parent, child); } } #endif /* _LINUX_MIN_HEAP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_VMALLOC_H #define _LINUX_VMALLOC_H #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/llist.h> #include <asm/page.h> /* pgprot_t */ #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/overflow.h> #include <asm/vmalloc.h> struct vm_area_struct; /* vma defining user mapping in mm_types.h */ struct notifier_block; /* in notifier.h */ /* bits in flags of vmalloc's vm_struct below */ #define VM_IOREMAP 0x00000001 /* ioremap() and friends */ #define VM_ALLOC 0x00000002 /* vmalloc() */ #define VM_MAP 0x00000004 /* vmap()ed pages */ #define VM_USERMAP 0x00000008 /* suitable for remap_vmalloc_range */ #define VM_DMA_COHERENT 0x00000010 /* dma_alloc_coherent */ #define VM_UNINITIALIZED 0x00000020 /* vm_struct is not fully initialized */ #define VM_NO_GUARD 0x00000040 /* don't add guard page */ #define VM_KASAN 0x00000080 /* has allocated kasan shadow memory */ #define VM_FLUSH_RESET_PERMS 0x00000100 /* reset direct map and flush TLB on unmap, can't be freed in atomic context */ #define VM_MAP_PUT_PAGES 0x00000200 /* put pages and free array in vfree */ /* * VM_KASAN is used slighly differently depending on CONFIG_KASAN_VMALLOC. * * If IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KASAN_VMALLOC), VM_KASAN is set on a vm_struct after * shadow memory has been mapped. It's used to handle allocation errors so that * we don't try to poision shadow on free if it was never allocated. * * Otherwise, VM_KASAN is set for kasan_module_alloc() allocations and used to * determine which allocations need the module shadow freed. */ /* bits [20..32] reserved for arch specific ioremap internals */ /* * Maximum alignment for ioremap() regions. * Can be overriden by arch-specific value. */ #ifndef IOREMAP_MAX_ORDER #define IOREMAP_MAX_ORDER (7 + PAGE_SHIFT) /* 128 pages */ #endif struct vm_struct { struct vm_struct *next; void *addr; unsigned long size; unsigned long flags; struct page **pages; unsigned int nr_pages; phys_addr_t phys_addr; const void *caller; }; struct vmap_area { unsigned long va_start; unsigned long va_end; struct rb_node rb_node; /* address sorted rbtree */ struct list_head list; /* address sorted list */ /* * The following three variables can be packed, because * a vmap_area object is always one of the three states: * 1) in "free" tree (root is vmap_area_root) * 2) in "busy" tree (root is free_vmap_area_root) * 3) in purge list (head is vmap_purge_list) */ union { unsigned long subtree_max_size; /* in "free" tree */ struct vm_struct *vm; /* in "busy" tree */ struct llist_node purge_list; /* in purge list */ }; }; /* * Highlevel APIs for driver use */ extern void vm_unmap_ram(const void *mem, unsigned int count); extern void *vm_map_ram(struct page **pages, unsigned int count, int node); extern void vm_unmap_aliases(void); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern void __init vmalloc_init(void); extern unsigned long vmalloc_nr_pages(void); #else static inline void vmalloc_init(void) { } static inline unsigned long vmalloc_nr_pages(void) { return 0; } #endif extern void *vmalloc(unsigned long size); extern void *vzalloc(unsigned long size); extern void *vmalloc_user(unsigned long size); extern void *vmalloc_node(unsigned long size, int node); extern void *vzalloc_node(unsigned long size, int node); extern void *vmalloc_32(unsigned long size); extern void *vmalloc_32_user(unsigned long size); extern void *__vmalloc(unsigned long size, gfp_t gfp_mask); extern void *__vmalloc_node_range(unsigned long size, unsigned long align, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, gfp_t gfp_mask, pgprot_t prot, unsigned long vm_flags, int node, const void *caller); void *__vmalloc_node(unsigned long size, unsigned long align, gfp_t gfp_mask, int node, const void *caller); extern void vfree(const void *addr); extern void vfree_atomic(const void *addr); extern void *vmap(struct page **pages, unsigned int count, unsigned long flags, pgprot_t prot); void *vmap_pfn(unsigned long *pfns, unsigned int count, pgprot_t prot); extern void vunmap(const void *addr); extern int remap_vmalloc_range_partial(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long uaddr, void *kaddr, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long size); extern int remap_vmalloc_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, void *addr, unsigned long pgoff); /* * Architectures can set this mask to a combination of PGTBL_P?D_MODIFIED values * and let generic vmalloc and ioremap code know when arch_sync_kernel_mappings() * needs to be called. */ #ifndef ARCH_PAGE_TABLE_SYNC_MASK #define ARCH_PAGE_TABLE_SYNC_MASK 0 #endif /* * There is no default implementation for arch_sync_kernel_mappings(). It is * relied upon the compiler to optimize calls out if ARCH_PAGE_TABLE_SYNC_MASK * is 0. */ void arch_sync_kernel_mappings(unsigned long start, unsigned long end); /* * Lowlevel-APIs (not for driver use!) */ static inline size_t get_vm_area_size(const struct vm_struct *area) { if (!(area->flags & VM_NO_GUARD)) /* return actual size without guard page */ return area->size - PAGE_SIZE; else return area->size; } extern struct vm_struct *get_vm_area(unsigned long size, unsigned long flags); extern struct vm_struct *get_vm_area_caller(unsigned long size, unsigned long flags, const void *caller); extern struct vm_struct *__get_vm_area_caller(unsigned long size, unsigned long flags, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, const void *caller); void free_vm_area(struct vm_struct *area); extern struct vm_struct *remove_vm_area(const void *addr); extern struct vm_struct *find_vm_area(const void *addr); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern int map_kernel_range_noflush(unsigned long start, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages); int map_kernel_range(unsigned long start, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages); extern void unmap_kernel_range_noflush(unsigned long addr, unsigned long size); extern void unmap_kernel_range(unsigned long addr, unsigned long size); static inline void set_vm_flush_reset_perms(void *addr) { struct vm_struct *vm = find_vm_area(addr); if (vm) vm->flags |= VM_FLUSH_RESET_PERMS; } #else static inline int map_kernel_range_noflush(unsigned long start, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages) { return size >> PAGE_SHIFT; } #define map_kernel_range map_kernel_range_noflush static inline void unmap_kernel_range_noflush(unsigned long addr, unsigned long size) { } #define unmap_kernel_range unmap_kernel_range_noflush static inline void set_vm_flush_reset_perms(void *addr) { } #endif /* for /dev/kmem */ extern long vread(char *buf, char *addr, unsigned long count); extern long vwrite(char *buf, char *addr, unsigned long count); /* * Internals. Dont't use.. */ extern struct list_head vmap_area_list; extern __init void vm_area_add_early(struct vm_struct *vm); extern __init void vm_area_register_early(struct vm_struct *vm, size_t align); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP # ifdef CONFIG_MMU struct vm_struct **pcpu_get_vm_areas(const unsigned long *offsets, const size_t *sizes, int nr_vms, size_t align); void pcpu_free_vm_areas(struct vm_struct **vms, int nr_vms); # else static inline struct vm_struct ** pcpu_get_vm_areas(const unsigned long *offsets, const size_t *sizes, int nr_vms, size_t align) { return NULL; } static inline void pcpu_free_vm_areas(struct vm_struct **vms, int nr_vms) { } # endif #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MMU #define VMALLOC_TOTAL (VMALLOC_END - VMALLOC_START) #else #define VMALLOC_TOTAL 0UL #endif int register_vmap_purge_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb); int unregister_vmap_purge_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb); #endif /* _LINUX_VMALLOC_H */
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2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036 2037 2038 2039 2040 2041 2042 2043 2044 2045 2046 2047 2048 2049 2050 2051 2052 2053 2054 2055 2056 2057 2058 2059 2060 2061 2062 2063 2064 2065 2066 2067 2068 2069 2070 2071 2072 2073 2074 2075 2076 2077 2078 2079 2080 2081 2082 2083 2084 2085 2086 2087 2088 2089 2090 2091 2092 2093 2094 2095 2096 2097 2098 2099 2100 2101 2102 2103 2104 2105 2106 2107 2108 2109 2110 2111 2112 2113 2114 2115 2116 2117 2118 2119 2120 2121 2122 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 #ifndef _LINUX_KERNEL_TRACE_H #define _LINUX_KERNEL_TRACE_H #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/clocksource.h> #include <linux/ring_buffer.h> #include <linux/mmiotrace.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <linux/ftrace.h> #include <linux/trace.h> #include <linux/hw_breakpoint.h> #include <linux/trace_seq.h> #include <linux/trace_events.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/glob.h> #include <linux/irq_work.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/ctype.h> #ifdef CONFIG_FTRACE_SYSCALLS #include <asm/unistd.h> /* For NR_SYSCALLS */ #include <asm/syscall.h> /* some archs define it here */ #endif enum trace_type { __TRACE_FIRST_TYPE = 0, TRACE_FN, TRACE_CTX, TRACE_WAKE, TRACE_STACK, TRACE_PRINT, TRACE_BPRINT, TRACE_MMIO_RW, TRACE_MMIO_MAP, TRACE_BRANCH, TRACE_GRAPH_RET, TRACE_GRAPH_ENT, TRACE_USER_STACK, TRACE_BLK, TRACE_BPUTS, TRACE_HWLAT, TRACE_RAW_DATA, __TRACE_LAST_TYPE, }; #undef __field #define __field(type, item) type item; #undef __field_fn #define __field_fn(type, item) type item; #undef __field_struct #define __field_struct(type, item) __field(type, item) #undef __field_desc #define __field_desc(type, container, item) #undef __field_packed #define __field_packed(type, container, item) #undef __array #define __array(type, item, size) type item[size]; #undef __array_desc #define __array_desc(type, container, item, size) #undef __dynamic_array #define __dynamic_array(type, item) type item[]; #undef F_STRUCT #define F_STRUCT(args...) args #undef FTRACE_ENTRY #define FTRACE_ENTRY(name, struct_name, id, tstruct, print) \ struct struct_name { \ struct trace_entry ent; \ tstruct \ } #undef FTRACE_ENTRY_DUP #define FTRACE_ENTRY_DUP(name, name_struct, id, tstruct, printk) #undef FTRACE_ENTRY_REG #define FTRACE_ENTRY_REG(name, struct_name, id, tstruct, print, regfn) \ FTRACE_ENTRY(name, struct_name, id, PARAMS(tstruct), PARAMS(print)) #undef FTRACE_ENTRY_PACKED #define FTRACE_ENTRY_PACKED(name, struct_name, id, tstruct, print) \ FTRACE_ENTRY(name, struct_name, id, PARAMS(tstruct), PARAMS(print)) __packed #include "trace_entries.h" /* Use this for memory failure errors */ #define MEM_FAIL(condition, fmt, ...) ({ \ static bool __section(".data.once") __warned; \ int __ret_warn_once = !!(condition); \ \ if (unlikely(__ret_warn_once && !__warned)) { \ __warned = true; \ pr_err("ERROR: " fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ } \ unlikely(__ret_warn_once); \ }) /* * syscalls are special, and need special handling, this is why * they are not included in trace_entries.h */ struct syscall_trace_enter { struct trace_entry ent; int nr; unsigned long args[]; }; struct syscall_trace_exit { struct trace_entry ent; int nr; long ret; }; struct kprobe_trace_entry_head { struct trace_entry ent; unsigned long ip; }; struct kretprobe_trace_entry_head { struct trace_entry ent; unsigned long func; unsigned long ret_ip; }; /* * trace_flag_type is an enumeration that holds different * states when a trace occurs. These are: * IRQS_OFF - interrupts were disabled * IRQS_NOSUPPORT - arch does not support irqs_disabled_flags * NEED_RESCHED - reschedule is requested * HARDIRQ - inside an interrupt handler * SOFTIRQ - inside a softirq handler */ enum trace_flag_type { TRACE_FLAG_IRQS_OFF = 0x01, TRACE_FLAG_IRQS_NOSUPPORT = 0x02, TRACE_FLAG_NEED_RESCHED = 0x04, TRACE_FLAG_HARDIRQ = 0x08, TRACE_FLAG_SOFTIRQ = 0x10, TRACE_FLAG_PREEMPT_RESCHED = 0x20, TRACE_FLAG_NMI = 0x40, }; #define TRACE_BUF_SIZE 1024 struct trace_array; /* * The CPU trace array - it consists of thousands of trace entries * plus some other descriptor data: (for example which task started * the trace, etc.) */ struct trace_array_cpu { atomic_t disabled; void *buffer_page; /* ring buffer spare */ unsigned long entries; unsigned long saved_latency; unsigned long critical_start; unsigned long critical_end; unsigned long critical_sequence; unsigned long nice; unsigned long policy; unsigned long rt_priority; unsigned long skipped_entries; u64 preempt_timestamp; pid_t pid; kuid_t uid; char comm[TASK_COMM_LEN]; #ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER int ftrace_ignore_pid; #endif bool ignore_pid; }; struct tracer; struct trace_option_dentry; struct array_buffer { struct trace_array *tr; struct trace_buffer *buffer; struct trace_array_cpu __percpu *data; u64 time_start; int cpu; }; #define TRACE_FLAGS_MAX_SIZE 32 struct trace_options { struct tracer *tracer; struct trace_option_dentry *topts; }; struct trace_pid_list { int pid_max; unsigned long *pids; }; enum { TRACE_PIDS = BIT(0), TRACE_NO_PIDS = BIT(1), }; static inline bool pid_type_enabled(int type, struct trace_pid_list *pid_list, struct trace_pid_list *no_pid_list) { /* Return true if the pid list in type has pids */ return ((type & TRACE_PIDS) && pid_list) || ((type & TRACE_NO_PIDS) && no_pid_list); } static inline bool still_need_pid_events(int type, struct trace_pid_list *pid_list, struct trace_pid_list *no_pid_list) { /* * Turning off what is in @type, return true if the "other" * pid list, still has pids in it. */ return (!(type & TRACE_PIDS) && pid_list) || (!(type & TRACE_NO_PIDS) && no_pid_list); } typedef bool (*cond_update_fn_t)(struct trace_array *tr, void *cond_data); /** * struct cond_snapshot - conditional snapshot data and callback * * The cond_snapshot structure encapsulates a callback function and * data associated with the snapshot for a given tracing instance. * * When a snapshot is taken conditionally, by invoking * tracing_snapshot_cond(tr, cond_data), the cond_data passed in is * passed in turn to the cond_snapshot.update() function. That data * can be compared by the update() implementation with the cond_data * contained within the struct cond_snapshot instance associated with * the trace_array. Because the tr->max_lock is held throughout the * update() call, the update() function can directly retrieve the * cond_snapshot and cond_data associated with the per-instance * snapshot associated with the trace_array. * * The cond_snapshot.update() implementation can save data to be * associated with the snapshot if it decides to, and returns 'true' * in that case, or it returns 'false' if the conditional snapshot * shouldn't be taken. * * The cond_snapshot instance is created and associated with the * user-defined cond_data by tracing_cond_snapshot_enable(). * Likewise, the cond_snapshot instance is destroyed and is no longer * associated with the trace instance by * tracing_cond_snapshot_disable(). * * The method below is required. * * @update: When a conditional snapshot is invoked, the update() * callback function is invoked with the tr->max_lock held. The * update() implementation signals whether or not to actually * take the snapshot, by returning 'true' if so, 'false' if no * snapshot should be taken. Because the max_lock is held for * the duration of update(), the implementation is safe to * directly retrieved and save any implementation data it needs * to in association with the snapshot. */ struct cond_snapshot { void *cond_data; cond_update_fn_t update; }; /* * The trace array - an array of per-CPU trace arrays. This is the * highest level data structure that individual tracers deal with. * They have on/off state as well: */ struct trace_array { struct list_head list; char *name; struct array_buffer array_buffer; #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE /* * The max_buffer is used to snapshot the trace when a maximum * latency is reached, or when the user initiates a snapshot. * Some tracers will use this to store a maximum trace while * it continues examining live traces. * * The buffers for the max_buffer are set up the same as the array_buffer * When a snapshot is taken, the buffer of the max_buffer is swapped * with the buffer of the array_buffer and the buffers are reset for * the array_buffer so the tracing can continue. */ struct array_buffer max_buffer; bool allocated_snapshot; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_HWLAT_TRACER) unsigned long max_latency; #ifdef CONFIG_FSNOTIFY struct dentry *d_max_latency; struct work_struct fsnotify_work; struct irq_work fsnotify_irqwork; #endif #endif struct trace_pid_list __rcu *filtered_pids; struct trace_pid_list __rcu *filtered_no_pids; /* * max_lock is used to protect the swapping of buffers * when taking a max snapshot. The buffers themselves are * protected by per_cpu spinlocks. But the action of the swap * needs its own lock. * * This is defined as a arch_spinlock_t in order to help * with performance when lockdep debugging is enabled. * * It is also used in other places outside the update_max_tr * so it needs to be defined outside of the * CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE. */ arch_spinlock_t max_lock; int buffer_disabled; #ifdef CONFIG_FTRACE_SYSCALLS int sys_refcount_enter; int sys_refcount_exit; struct trace_event_file __rcu *enter_syscall_files[NR_syscalls]; struct trace_event_file __rcu *exit_syscall_files[NR_syscalls]; #endif int stop_count; int clock_id; int nr_topts; bool clear_trace; int buffer_percent; unsigned int n_err_log_entries; struct tracer *current_trace; unsigned int trace_flags; unsigned char trace_flags_index[TRACE_FLAGS_MAX_SIZE]; unsigned int flags; raw_spinlock_t start_lock; struct list_head err_log; struct dentry *dir; struct dentry *options; struct dentry *percpu_dir; struct dentry *event_dir; struct trace_options *topts; struct list_head systems; struct list_head events; struct trace_event_file *trace_marker_file; cpumask_var_t tracing_cpumask; /* only trace on set CPUs */ int ref; int trace_ref; #ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER struct ftrace_ops *ops; struct trace_pid_list __rcu *function_pids; struct trace_pid_list __rcu *function_no_pids; #ifdef CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE /* All of these are protected by the ftrace_lock */ struct list_head func_probes; struct list_head mod_trace; struct list_head mod_notrace; #endif /* function tracing enabled */ int function_enabled; #endif int time_stamp_abs_ref; struct list_head hist_vars; #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_SNAPSHOT struct cond_snapshot *cond_snapshot; #endif }; enum { TRACE_ARRAY_FL_GLOBAL = (1 << 0) }; extern struct list_head ftrace_trace_arrays; extern struct mutex trace_types_lock; extern int trace_array_get(struct trace_array *tr); extern int tracing_check_open_get_tr(struct trace_array *tr); extern struct trace_array *trace_array_find(const char *instance); extern struct trace_array *trace_array_find_get(const char *instance); extern int tracing_set_time_stamp_abs(struct trace_array *tr, bool abs); extern int tracing_set_clock(struct trace_array *tr, const char *clockstr); extern bool trace_clock_in_ns(struct trace_array *tr); /* * The global tracer (top) should be the first trace array added, * but we check the flag anyway. */ static inline struct trace_array *top_trace_array(void) { struct trace_array *tr; if (list_empty(&ftrace_trace_arrays)) return NULL; tr = list_entry(ftrace_trace_arrays.prev, typeof(*tr), list); WARN_ON(!(tr->flags & TRACE_ARRAY_FL_GLOBAL)); return tr; } #define FTRACE_CMP_TYPE(var, type) \ __builtin_types_compatible_p(typeof(var), type *) #undef IF_ASSIGN #define IF_ASSIGN(var, entry, etype, id) \ if (FTRACE_CMP_TYPE(var, etype)) { \ var = (typeof(var))(entry); \ WARN_ON(id != 0 && (entry)->type != id); \ break; \ } /* Will cause compile errors if type is not found. */ extern void __ftrace_bad_type(void); /* * The trace_assign_type is a verifier that the entry type is * the same as the type being assigned. To add new types simply * add a line with the following format: * * IF_ASSIGN(var, ent, type, id); * * Where "type" is the trace type that includes the trace_entry * as the "ent" item. And "id" is the trace identifier that is * used in the trace_type enum. * * If the type can have more than one id, then use zero. */ #define trace_assign_type(var, ent) \ do { \ IF_ASSIGN(var, ent, struct ftrace_entry, TRACE_FN); \ IF_ASSIGN(var, ent, struct ctx_switch_entry, 0); \ IF_ASSIGN(var, ent, struct stack_entry, TRACE_STACK); \ IF_ASSIGN(var, ent, struct userstack_entry, TRACE_USER_STACK);\ IF_ASSIGN(var, ent, struct print_entry, TRACE_PRINT); \ IF_ASSIGN(var, ent, struct bprint_entry, TRACE_BPRINT); \ IF_ASSIGN(var, ent, struct bputs_entry, TRACE_BPUTS); \ IF_ASSIGN(var, ent, struct hwlat_entry, TRACE_HWLAT); \ IF_ASSIGN(var, ent, struct raw_data_entry, TRACE_RAW_DATA);\ IF_ASSIGN(var, ent, struct trace_mmiotrace_rw, \ TRACE_MMIO_RW); \ IF_ASSIGN(var, ent, struct trace_mmiotrace_map, \ TRACE_MMIO_MAP); \ IF_ASSIGN(var, ent, struct trace_branch, TRACE_BRANCH); \ IF_ASSIGN(var, ent, struct ftrace_graph_ent_entry, \ TRACE_GRAPH_ENT); \ IF_ASSIGN(var, ent, struct ftrace_graph_ret_entry, \ TRACE_GRAPH_RET); \ __ftrace_bad_type(); \ } while (0) /* * An option specific to a tracer. This is a boolean value. * The bit is the bit index that sets its value on the * flags value in struct tracer_flags. */ struct tracer_opt { const char *name; /* Will appear on the trace_options file */ u32 bit; /* Mask assigned in val field in tracer_flags */ }; /* * The set of specific options for a tracer. Your tracer * have to set the initial value of the flags val. */ struct tracer_flags { u32 val; struct tracer_opt *opts; struct tracer *trace; }; /* Makes more easy to define a tracer opt */ #define TRACER_OPT(s, b) .name = #s, .bit = b struct trace_option_dentry { struct tracer_opt *opt; struct tracer_flags *flags; struct trace_array *tr; struct dentry *entry; }; /** * struct tracer - a specific tracer and its callbacks to interact with tracefs * @name: the name chosen to select it on the available_tracers file * @init: called when one switches to this tracer (echo name > current_tracer) * @reset: called when one switches to another tracer * @start: called when tracing is unpaused (echo 1 > tracing_on) * @stop: called when tracing is paused (echo 0 > tracing_on) * @update_thresh: called when tracing_thresh is updated * @open: called when the trace file is opened * @pipe_open: called when the trace_pipe file is opened * @close: called when the trace file is released * @pipe_close: called when the trace_pipe file is released * @read: override the default read callback on trace_pipe * @splice_read: override the default splice_read callback on trace_pipe * @selftest: selftest to run on boot (see trace_selftest.c) * @print_headers: override the first lines that describe your columns * @print_line: callback that prints a trace * @set_flag: signals one of your private flags changed (trace_options file) * @flags: your private flags */ struct tracer { const char *name; int (*init)(struct trace_array *tr); void (*reset)(struct trace_array *tr); void (*start)(struct trace_array *tr); void (*stop)(struct trace_array *tr); int (*update_thresh)(struct trace_array *tr); void (*open)(struct trace_iterator *iter); void (*pipe_open)(struct trace_iterator *iter); void (*close)(struct trace_iterator *iter); void (*pipe_close)(struct trace_iterator *iter); ssize_t (*read)(struct trace_iterator *iter, struct file *filp, char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos); ssize_t (*splice_read)(struct trace_iterator *iter, struct file *filp, loff_t *ppos, struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, size_t len, unsigned int flags); #ifdef CONFIG_FTRACE_STARTUP_TEST int (*selftest)(struct tracer *trace, struct trace_array *tr); #endif void (*print_header)(struct seq_file *m); enum print_line_t (*print_line)(struct trace_iterator *iter); /* If you handled the flag setting, return 0 */ int (*set_flag)(struct trace_array *tr, u32 old_flags, u32 bit, int set); /* Return 0 if OK with change, else return non-zero */ int (*flag_changed)(struct trace_array *tr, u32 mask, int set); struct tracer *next; struct tracer_flags *flags; int enabled; bool print_max; bool allow_instances; #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE bool use_max_tr; #endif /* True if tracer cannot be enabled in kernel param */ bool noboot; }; /* Only current can touch trace_recursion */ /* * For function tracing recursion: * The order of these bits are important. * * When function tracing occurs, the following steps are made: * If arch does not support a ftrace feature: * call internal function (uses INTERNAL bits) which calls... * If callback is registered to the "global" list, the list * function is called and recursion checks the GLOBAL bits. * then this function calls... * The function callback, which can use the FTRACE bits to * check for recursion. */ enum { /* Function recursion bits */ TRACE_FTRACE_BIT, TRACE_FTRACE_NMI_BIT, TRACE_FTRACE_IRQ_BIT, TRACE_FTRACE_SIRQ_BIT, TRACE_FTRACE_TRANSITION_BIT, /* Internal use recursion bits */ TRACE_INTERNAL_BIT, TRACE_INTERNAL_NMI_BIT, TRACE_INTERNAL_IRQ_BIT, TRACE_INTERNAL_SIRQ_BIT, TRACE_INTERNAL_TRANSITION_BIT, TRACE_BRANCH_BIT, /* * Abuse of the trace_recursion. * As we need a way to maintain state if we are tracing the function * graph in irq because we want to trace a particular function that * was called in irq context but we have irq tracing off. Since this * can only be modified by current, we can reuse trace_recursion. */ TRACE_IRQ_BIT, /* Set if the function is in the set_graph_function file */ TRACE_GRAPH_BIT, /* * In the very unlikely case that an interrupt came in * at a start of graph tracing, and we want to trace * the function in that interrupt, the depth can be greater * than zero, because of the preempted start of a previous * trace. In an even more unlikely case, depth could be 2 * if a softirq interrupted the start of graph tracing, * followed by an interrupt preempting a start of graph * tracing in the softirq, and depth can even be 3 * if an NMI came in at the start of an interrupt function * that preempted a softirq start of a function that * preempted normal context!!!! Luckily, it can't be * greater than 3, so the next two bits are a mask * of what the depth is when we set TRACE_GRAPH_BIT */ TRACE_GRAPH_DEPTH_START_BIT, TRACE_GRAPH_DEPTH_END_BIT, /* * To implement set_graph_notrace, if this bit is set, we ignore * function graph tracing of called functions, until the return * function is called to clear it. */ TRACE_GRAPH_NOTRACE_BIT, }; #define trace_recursion_set(bit) do { (current)->trace_recursion |= (1<<(bit)); } while (0) #define trace_recursion_clear(bit) do { (current)->trace_recursion &= ~(1<<(bit)); } while (0) #define trace_recursion_test(bit) ((current)->trace_recursion & (1<<(bit))) #define trace_recursion_depth() \ (((current)->trace_recursion >> TRACE_GRAPH_DEPTH_START_BIT) & 3) #define trace_recursion_set_depth(depth) \ do { \ current->trace_recursion &= \ ~(3 << TRACE_GRAPH_DEPTH_START_BIT); \ current->trace_recursion |= \ ((depth) & 3) << TRACE_GRAPH_DEPTH_START_BIT; \ } while (0) #define TRACE_CONTEXT_BITS 4 #define TRACE_FTRACE_START TRACE_FTRACE_BIT #define TRACE_LIST_START TRACE_INTERNAL_BIT #define TRACE_CONTEXT_MASK ((1 << (TRACE_LIST_START + TRACE_CONTEXT_BITS)) - 1) enum { TRACE_CTX_NMI, TRACE_CTX_IRQ, TRACE_CTX_SOFTIRQ, TRACE_CTX_NORMAL, TRACE_CTX_TRANSITION, }; static __always_inline int trace_get_context_bit(void) { int bit; if (in_interrupt()) { if (in_nmi()) bit = TRACE_CTX_NMI; else if (in_irq()) bit = TRACE_CTX_IRQ; else bit = TRACE_CTX_SOFTIRQ; } else bit = TRACE_CTX_NORMAL; return bit; } static __always_inline int trace_test_and_set_recursion(int start) { unsigned int val = current->trace_recursion; int bit; bit = trace_get_context_bit() + start; if (unlikely(val & (1 << bit))) { /* * It could be that preempt_count has not been updated during * a switch between contexts. Allow for a single recursion. */ bit = start + TRACE_CTX_TRANSITION; if (trace_recursion_test(bit)) return -1; trace_recursion_set(bit); barrier(); return bit; } val |= 1 << bit; current->trace_recursion = val; barrier(); return bit; } static __always_inline void trace_clear_recursion(int bit) { unsigned int val = current->trace_recursion; bit = 1 << bit; val &= ~bit; barrier(); current->trace_recursion = val; } static inline struct ring_buffer_iter * trace_buffer_iter(struct trace_iterator *iter, int cpu) { return iter->buffer_iter ? iter->buffer_iter[cpu] : NULL; } int tracer_init(struct tracer *t, struct trace_array *tr); int tracing_is_enabled(void); void tracing_reset_online_cpus(struct array_buffer *buf); void tracing_reset_current(int cpu); void tracing_reset_all_online_cpus(void); int tracing_open_generic(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp); int tracing_open_generic_tr(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp); bool tracing_is_disabled(void); bool tracer_tracing_is_on(struct trace_array *tr); void tracer_tracing_on(struct trace_array *tr); void tracer_tracing_off(struct trace_array *tr); struct dentry *trace_create_file(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct dentry *parent, void *data, const struct file_operations *fops); int tracing_init_dentry(void); struct ring_buffer_event; struct ring_buffer_event * trace_buffer_lock_reserve(struct trace_buffer *buffer, int type, unsigned long len, unsigned long flags, int pc); struct trace_entry *tracing_get_trace_entry(struct trace_array *tr, struct trace_array_cpu *data); struct trace_entry *trace_find_next_entry(struct trace_iterator *iter, int *ent_cpu, u64 *ent_ts); void trace_buffer_unlock_commit_nostack(struct trace_buffer *buffer, struct ring_buffer_event *event); int trace_empty(struct trace_iterator *iter); void *trace_find_next_entry_inc(struct trace_iterator *iter); void trace_init_global_iter(struct trace_iterator *iter); void tracing_iter_reset(struct trace_iterator *iter, int cpu); unsigned long trace_total_entries_cpu(struct trace_array *tr, int cpu); unsigned long trace_total_entries(struct trace_array *tr); void trace_function(struct trace_array *tr, unsigned long ip, unsigned long parent_ip, unsigned long flags, int pc); void trace_graph_function(struct trace_array *tr, unsigned long ip, unsigned long parent_ip, unsigned long flags, int pc); void trace_latency_header(struct seq_file *m); void trace_default_header(struct seq_file *m); void print_trace_header(struct seq_file *m, struct trace_iterator *iter); int trace_empty(struct trace_iterator *iter); void trace_graph_return(struct ftrace_graph_ret *trace); int trace_graph_entry(struct ftrace_graph_ent *trace); void set_graph_array(struct trace_array *tr); void tracing_start_cmdline_record(void); void tracing_stop_cmdline_record(void); void tracing_start_tgid_record(void); void tracing_stop_tgid_record(void); int register_tracer(struct tracer *type); int is_tracing_stopped(void); loff_t tracing_lseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence); extern cpumask_var_t __read_mostly tracing_buffer_mask; #define for_each_tracing_cpu(cpu) \ for_each_cpu(cpu, tracing_buffer_mask) extern unsigned long nsecs_to_usecs(unsigned long nsecs); extern unsigned long tracing_thresh; /* PID filtering */ extern int pid_max; bool trace_find_filtered_pid(struct trace_pid_list *filtered_pids, pid_t search_pid); bool trace_ignore_this_task(struct trace_pid_list *filtered_pids, struct trace_pid_list *filtered_no_pids, struct task_struct *task); void trace_filter_add_remove_task(struct trace_pid_list *pid_list, struct task_struct *self, struct task_struct *task); void *trace_pid_next(struct trace_pid_list *pid_list, void *v, loff_t *pos); void *trace_pid_start(struct trace_pid_list *pid_list, loff_t *pos); int trace_pid_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v); void trace_free_pid_list(struct trace_pid_list *pid_list); int trace_pid_write(struct trace_pid_list *filtered_pids, struct trace_pid_list **new_pid_list, const char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt); #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE void update_max_tr(struct trace_array *tr, struct task_struct *tsk, int cpu, void *cond_data); void update_max_tr_single(struct trace_array *tr, struct task_struct *tsk, int cpu); #endif /* CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE */ #if (defined(CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_HWLAT_TRACER)) && \ defined(CONFIG_FSNOTIFY) void latency_fsnotify(struct trace_array *tr); #else static inline void latency_fsnotify(struct trace_array *tr) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_STACKTRACE void __trace_stack(struct trace_array *tr, unsigned long flags, int skip, int pc); #else static inline void __trace_stack(struct trace_array *tr, unsigned long flags, int skip, int pc) { } #endif /* CONFIG_STACKTRACE */ extern u64 ftrace_now(int cpu); extern void trace_find_cmdline(int pid, char comm[]); extern int trace_find_tgid(int pid); extern void trace_event_follow_fork(struct trace_array *tr, bool enable); #ifdef CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE extern unsigned long ftrace_update_tot_cnt; extern unsigned long ftrace_number_of_pages; extern unsigned long ftrace_number_of_groups; void ftrace_init_trace_array(struct trace_array *tr); #else static inline void ftrace_init_trace_array(struct trace_array *tr) { } #endif #define DYN_FTRACE_TEST_NAME trace_selftest_dynamic_test_func extern int DYN_FTRACE_TEST_NAME(void); #define DYN_FTRACE_TEST_NAME2 trace_selftest_dynamic_test_func2 extern int DYN_FTRACE_TEST_NAME2(void); extern bool ring_buffer_expanded; extern bool tracing_selftest_disabled; #ifdef CONFIG_FTRACE_STARTUP_TEST extern void __init disable_tracing_selftest(const char *reason); extern int trace_selftest_startup_function(struct tracer *trace, struct trace_array *tr); extern int trace_selftest_startup_function_graph(struct tracer *trace, struct trace_array *tr); extern int trace_selftest_startup_irqsoff(struct tracer *trace, struct trace_array *tr); extern int trace_selftest_startup_preemptoff(struct tracer *trace, struct trace_array *tr); extern int trace_selftest_startup_preemptirqsoff(struct tracer *trace, struct trace_array *tr); extern int trace_selftest_startup_wakeup(struct tracer *trace, struct trace_array *tr); extern int trace_selftest_startup_nop(struct tracer *trace, struct trace_array *tr); extern int trace_selftest_startup_branch(struct tracer *trace, struct trace_array *tr); /* * Tracer data references selftest functions that only occur * on boot up. These can be __init functions. Thus, when selftests * are enabled, then the tracers need to reference __init functions. */ #define __tracer_data __refdata #else static inline void __init disable_tracing_selftest(const char *reason) { } /* Tracers are seldom changed. Optimize when selftests are disabled. */ #define __tracer_data __read_mostly #endif /* CONFIG_FTRACE_STARTUP_TEST */ extern void *head_page(struct trace_array_cpu *data); extern unsigned long long ns2usecs(u64 nsec); extern int trace_vbprintk(unsigned long ip, const char *fmt, va_list args); extern int trace_vprintk(unsigned long ip, const char *fmt, va_list args); extern int trace_array_vprintk(struct trace_array *tr, unsigned long ip, const char *fmt, va_list args); int trace_array_printk_buf(struct trace_buffer *buffer, unsigned long ip, const char *fmt, ...); void trace_printk_seq(struct trace_seq *s); enum print_line_t print_trace_line(struct trace_iterator *iter); extern char trace_find_mark(unsigned long long duration); struct ftrace_hash; struct ftrace_mod_load { struct list_head list; char *func; char *module; int enable; }; enum { FTRACE_HASH_FL_MOD = (1 << 0), }; struct ftrace_hash { unsigned long size_bits; struct hlist_head *buckets; unsigned long count; unsigned long flags; struct rcu_head rcu; }; struct ftrace_func_entry * ftrace_lookup_ip(struct ftrace_hash *hash, unsigned long ip); static __always_inline bool ftrace_hash_empty(struct ftrace_hash *hash) { return !hash || !(hash->count || (hash->flags & FTRACE_HASH_FL_MOD)); } /* Standard output formatting function used for function return traces */ #ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER /* Flag options */ #define TRACE_GRAPH_PRINT_OVERRUN 0x1 #define TRACE_GRAPH_PRINT_CPU 0x2 #define TRACE_GRAPH_PRINT_OVERHEAD 0x4 #define TRACE_GRAPH_PRINT_PROC 0x8 #define TRACE_GRAPH_PRINT_DURATION 0x10 #define TRACE_GRAPH_PRINT_ABS_TIME 0x20 #define TRACE_GRAPH_PRINT_REL_TIME 0x40 #define TRACE_GRAPH_PRINT_IRQS 0x80 #define TRACE_GRAPH_PRINT_TAIL 0x100 #define TRACE_GRAPH_SLEEP_TIME 0x200 #define TRACE_GRAPH_GRAPH_TIME 0x400 #define TRACE_GRAPH_PRINT_FILL_SHIFT 28 #define TRACE_GRAPH_PRINT_FILL_MASK (0x3 << TRACE_GRAPH_PRINT_FILL_SHIFT) extern void ftrace_graph_sleep_time_control(bool enable); #ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_PROFILER extern void ftrace_graph_graph_time_control(bool enable); #else static inline void ftrace_graph_graph_time_control(bool enable) { } #endif extern enum print_line_t print_graph_function_flags(struct trace_iterator *iter, u32 flags); extern void print_graph_headers_flags(struct seq_file *s, u32 flags); extern void trace_print_graph_duration(unsigned long long duration, struct trace_seq *s); extern void graph_trace_open(struct trace_iterator *iter); extern void graph_trace_close(struct trace_iterator *iter); extern int __trace_graph_entry(struct trace_array *tr, struct ftrace_graph_ent *trace, unsigned long flags, int pc); extern void __trace_graph_return(struct trace_array *tr, struct ftrace_graph_ret *trace, unsigned long flags, int pc); #ifdef CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE extern struct ftrace_hash __rcu *ftrace_graph_hash; extern struct ftrace_hash __rcu *ftrace_graph_notrace_hash; static inline int ftrace_graph_addr(struct ftrace_graph_ent *trace) { unsigned long addr = trace->func; int ret = 0; struct ftrace_hash *hash; preempt_disable_notrace(); /* * Have to open code "rcu_dereference_sched()" because the * function graph tracer can be called when RCU is not * "watching". * Protected with schedule_on_each_cpu(ftrace_sync) */ hash = rcu_dereference_protected(ftrace_graph_hash, !preemptible()); if (ftrace_hash_empty(hash)) { ret = 1; goto out; } if (ftrace_lookup_ip(hash, addr)) { /* * This needs to be cleared on the return functions * when the depth is zero. */ trace_recursion_set(TRACE_GRAPH_BIT); trace_recursion_set_depth(trace->depth); /* * If no irqs are to be traced, but a set_graph_function * is set, and called by an interrupt handler, we still * want to trace it. */ if (in_irq()) trace_recursion_set(TRACE_IRQ_BIT); else trace_recursion_clear(TRACE_IRQ_BIT); ret = 1; } out: preempt_enable_notrace(); return ret; } static inline void ftrace_graph_addr_finish(struct ftrace_graph_ret *trace) { if (trace_recursion_test(TRACE_GRAPH_BIT) && trace->depth == trace_recursion_depth()) trace_recursion_clear(TRACE_GRAPH_BIT); } static inline int ftrace_graph_notrace_addr(unsigned long addr) { int ret = 0; struct ftrace_hash *notrace_hash; preempt_disable_notrace(); /* * Have to open code "rcu_dereference_sched()" because the * function graph tracer can be called when RCU is not * "watching". * Protected with schedule_on_each_cpu(ftrace_sync) */ notrace_hash = rcu_dereference_protected(ftrace_graph_notrace_hash, !preemptible()); if (ftrace_lookup_ip(notrace_hash, addr)) ret = 1; preempt_enable_notrace(); return ret; } #else static inline int ftrace_graph_addr(struct ftrace_graph_ent *trace) { return 1; } static inline int ftrace_graph_notrace_addr(unsigned long addr) { return 0; } static inline void ftrace_graph_addr_finish(struct ftrace_graph_ret *trace) { } #endif /* CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE */ extern unsigned int fgraph_max_depth; static inline bool ftrace_graph_ignore_func(struct ftrace_graph_ent *trace) { /* trace it when it is-nested-in or is a function enabled. */ return !(trace_recursion_test(TRACE_GRAPH_BIT) || ftrace_graph_addr(trace)) || (trace->depth < 0) || (fgraph_max_depth && trace->depth >= fgraph_max_depth); } #else /* CONFIG_FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER */ static inline enum print_line_t print_graph_function_flags(struct trace_iterator *iter, u32 flags) { return TRACE_TYPE_UNHANDLED; } #endif /* CONFIG_FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER */ extern struct list_head ftrace_pids; #ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER #define FTRACE_PID_IGNORE -1 #define FTRACE_PID_TRACE -2 struct ftrace_func_command { struct list_head list; char *name; int (*func)(struct trace_array *tr, struct ftrace_hash *hash, char *func, char *cmd, char *params, int enable); }; extern bool ftrace_filter_param __initdata; static inline int ftrace_trace_task(struct trace_array *tr) { return this_cpu_read(tr->array_buffer.data->ftrace_ignore_pid) != FTRACE_PID_IGNORE; } extern int ftrace_is_dead(void); int ftrace_create_function_files(struct trace_array *tr, struct dentry *parent); void ftrace_destroy_function_files(struct trace_array *tr); int ftrace_allocate_ftrace_ops(struct trace_array *tr); void ftrace_free_ftrace_ops(struct trace_array *tr); void ftrace_init_global_array_ops(struct trace_array *tr); void ftrace_init_array_ops(struct trace_array *tr, ftrace_func_t func); void ftrace_reset_array_ops(struct trace_array *tr); void ftrace_init_tracefs(struct trace_array *tr, struct dentry *d_tracer); void ftrace_init_tracefs_toplevel(struct trace_array *tr, struct dentry *d_tracer); void ftrace_clear_pids(struct trace_array *tr); int init_function_trace(void); void ftrace_pid_follow_fork(struct trace_array *tr, bool enable); #else static inline int ftrace_trace_task(struct trace_array *tr) { return 1; } static inline int ftrace_is_dead(void) { return 0; } static inline int ftrace_create_function_files(struct trace_array *tr, struct dentry *parent) { return 0; } static inline int ftrace_allocate_ftrace_ops(struct trace_array *tr) { return 0; } static inline void ftrace_free_ftrace_ops(struct trace_array *tr) { } static inline void ftrace_destroy_function_files(struct trace_array *tr) { } static inline __init void ftrace_init_global_array_ops(struct trace_array *tr) { } static inline void ftrace_reset_array_ops(struct trace_array *tr) { } static inline void ftrace_init_tracefs(struct trace_array *tr, struct dentry *d) { } static inline void ftrace_init_tracefs_toplevel(struct trace_array *tr, struct dentry *d) { } static inline void ftrace_clear_pids(struct trace_array *tr) { } static inline int init_function_trace(void) { return 0; } static inline void ftrace_pid_follow_fork(struct trace_array *tr, bool enable) { } /* ftace_func_t type is not defined, use macro instead of static inline */ #define ftrace_init_array_ops(tr, func) do { } while (0) #endif /* CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER */ #if defined(CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER) && defined(CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE) struct ftrace_probe_ops { void (*func)(unsigned long ip, unsigned long parent_ip, struct trace_array *tr, struct ftrace_probe_ops *ops, void *data); int (*init)(struct ftrace_probe_ops *ops, struct trace_array *tr, unsigned long ip, void *init_data, void **data); void (*free)(struct ftrace_probe_ops *ops, struct trace_array *tr, unsigned long ip, void *data); int (*print)(struct seq_file *m, unsigned long ip, struct ftrace_probe_ops *ops, void *data); }; struct ftrace_func_mapper; typedef int (*ftrace_mapper_func)(void *data); struct ftrace_func_mapper *allocate_ftrace_func_mapper(void); void **ftrace_func_mapper_find_ip(struct ftrace_func_mapper *mapper, unsigned long ip); int ftrace_func_mapper_add_ip(struct ftrace_func_mapper *mapper, unsigned long ip, void *data); void *ftrace_func_mapper_remove_ip(struct ftrace_func_mapper *mapper, unsigned long ip); void free_ftrace_func_mapper(struct ftrace_func_mapper *mapper, ftrace_mapper_func free_func); extern int register_ftrace_function_probe(char *glob, struct trace_array *tr, struct ftrace_probe_ops *ops, void *data); extern int unregister_ftrace_function_probe_func(char *glob, struct trace_array *tr, struct ftrace_probe_ops *ops); extern void clear_ftrace_function_probes(struct trace_array *tr); int register_ftrace_command(struct ftrace_func_command *cmd); int unregister_ftrace_command(struct ftrace_func_command *cmd); void ftrace_create_filter_files(struct ftrace_ops *ops, struct dentry *parent); void ftrace_destroy_filter_files(struct ftrace_ops *ops); extern int ftrace_set_filter(struct ftrace_ops *ops, unsigned char *buf, int len, int reset); extern int ftrace_set_notrace(struct ftrace_ops *ops, unsigned char *buf, int len, int reset); #else struct ftrace_func_command; static inline __init int register_ftrace_command(struct ftrace_func_command *cmd) { return -EINVAL; } static inline __init int unregister_ftrace_command(char *cmd_name) { return -EINVAL; } static inline void clear_ftrace_function_probes(struct trace_array *tr) { } /* * The ops parameter passed in is usually undefined. * This must be a macro. */ #define ftrace_create_filter_files(ops, parent) do { } while (0) #define ftrace_destroy_filter_files(ops) do { } while (0) #endif /* CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER && CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE */ bool ftrace_event_is_function(struct trace_event_call *call); /* * struct trace_parser - servers for reading the user input separated by spaces * @cont: set if the input is not complete - no final space char was found * @buffer: holds the parsed user input * @idx: user input length * @size: buffer size */ struct trace_parser { bool cont; char *buffer; unsigned idx; unsigned size; }; static inline bool trace_parser_loaded(struct trace_parser *parser) { return (parser->idx != 0); } static inline bool trace_parser_cont(struct trace_parser *parser) { return parser->cont; } static inline void trace_parser_clear(struct trace_parser *parser) { parser->cont = false; parser->idx = 0; } extern int trace_parser_get_init(struct trace_parser *parser, int size); extern void trace_parser_put(struct trace_parser *parser); extern int trace_get_user(struct trace_parser *parser, const char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos); /* * Only create function graph options if function graph is configured. */ #ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER # define FGRAPH_FLAGS \ C(DISPLAY_GRAPH, "display-graph"), #else # define FGRAPH_FLAGS #endif #ifdef CONFIG_BRANCH_TRACER # define BRANCH_FLAGS \ C(BRANCH, "branch"), #else # define BRANCH_FLAGS #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER # define FUNCTION_FLAGS \ C(FUNCTION, "function-trace"), \ C(FUNC_FORK, "function-fork"), # define FUNCTION_DEFAULT_FLAGS TRACE_ITER_FUNCTION #else # define FUNCTION_FLAGS # define FUNCTION_DEFAULT_FLAGS 0UL # define TRACE_ITER_FUNC_FORK 0UL #endif #ifdef CONFIG_STACKTRACE # define STACK_FLAGS \ C(STACKTRACE, "stacktrace"), #else # define STACK_FLAGS #endif /* * trace_iterator_flags is an enumeration that defines bit * positions into trace_flags that controls the output. * * NOTE: These bits must match the trace_options array in * trace.c (this macro guarantees it). */ #define TRACE_FLAGS \ C(PRINT_PARENT, "print-parent"), \ C(SYM_OFFSET, "sym-offset"), \ C(SYM_ADDR, "sym-addr"), \ C(VERBOSE, "verbose"), \ C(RAW, "raw"), \ C(HEX, "hex"), \ C(BIN, "bin"), \ C(BLOCK, "block"), \ C(PRINTK, "trace_printk"), \ C(ANNOTATE, "annotate"), \ C(USERSTACKTRACE, "userstacktrace"), \ C(SYM_USEROBJ, "sym-userobj"), \ C(PRINTK_MSGONLY, "printk-msg-only"), \ C(CONTEXT_INFO, "context-info"), /* Print pid/cpu/time */ \ C(LATENCY_FMT, "latency-format"), \ C(RECORD_CMD, "record-cmd"), \ C(RECORD_TGID, "record-tgid"), \ C(OVERWRITE, "overwrite"), \ C(STOP_ON_FREE, "disable_on_free"), \ C(IRQ_INFO, "irq-info"), \ C(MARKERS, "markers"), \ C(EVENT_FORK, "event-fork"), \ C(PAUSE_ON_TRACE, "pause-on-trace"), \ FUNCTION_FLAGS \ FGRAPH_FLAGS \ STACK_FLAGS \ BRANCH_FLAGS /* * By defining C, we can make TRACE_FLAGS a list of bit names * that will define the bits for the flag masks. */ #undef C #define C(a, b) TRACE_ITER_##a##_BIT enum trace_iterator_bits { TRACE_FLAGS /* Make sure we don't go more than we have bits for */ TRACE_ITER_LAST_BIT }; /* * By redefining C, we can make TRACE_FLAGS a list of masks that * use the bits as defined above. */ #undef C #define C(a, b) TRACE_ITER_##a = (1 << TRACE_ITER_##a##_BIT) enum trace_iterator_flags { TRACE_FLAGS }; /* * TRACE_ITER_SYM_MASK masks the options in trace_flags that * control the output of kernel symbols. */ #define TRACE_ITER_SYM_MASK \ (TRACE_ITER_PRINT_PARENT|TRACE_ITER_SYM_OFFSET|TRACE_ITER_SYM_ADDR) extern struct tracer nop_trace; #ifdef CONFIG_BRANCH_TRACER extern int enable_branch_tracing(struct trace_array *tr); extern void disable_branch_tracing(void); static inline int trace_branch_enable(struct trace_array *tr) { if (tr->trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_BRANCH) return enable_branch_tracing(tr); return 0; } static inline void trace_branch_disable(void) { /* due to races, always disable */ disable_branch_tracing(); } #else static inline int trace_branch_enable(struct trace_array *tr) { return 0; } static inline void trace_branch_disable(void) { } #endif /* CONFIG_BRANCH_TRACER */ /* set ring buffers to default size if not already done so */ int tracing_update_buffers(void); struct ftrace_event_field { struct list_head link; const char *name; const char *type; int filter_type; int offset; int size; int is_signed; }; struct prog_entry; struct event_filter { struct prog_entry __rcu *prog; char *filter_string; }; struct event_subsystem { struct list_head list; const char *name; struct event_filter *filter; int ref_count; }; struct trace_subsystem_dir { struct list_head list; struct event_subsystem *subsystem; struct trace_array *tr; struct dentry *entry; int ref_count; int nr_events; }; extern int call_filter_check_discard(struct trace_event_call *call, void *rec, struct trace_buffer *buffer, struct ring_buffer_event *event); void trace_buffer_unlock_commit_regs(struct trace_array *tr, struct trace_buffer *buffer, struct ring_buffer_event *event, unsigned long flags, int pc, struct pt_regs *regs); static inline void trace_buffer_unlock_commit(struct trace_array *tr, struct trace_buffer *buffer, struct ring_buffer_event *event, unsigned long flags, int pc) { trace_buffer_unlock_commit_regs(tr, buffer, event, flags, pc, NULL); } DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct ring_buffer_event *, trace_buffered_event); DECLARE_PER_CPU(int, trace_buffered_event_cnt); void trace_buffered_event_disable(void); void trace_buffered_event_enable(void); static inline void __trace_event_discard_commit(struct trace_buffer *buffer, struct ring_buffer_event *event) { if (this_cpu_read(trace_buffered_event) == event) { /* Simply release the temp buffer */ this_cpu_dec(trace_buffered_event_cnt); return; } ring_buffer_discard_commit(buffer, event); } /* * Helper function for event_trigger_unlock_commit{_regs}(). * If there are event triggers attached to this event that requires * filtering against its fields, then they will be called as the * entry already holds the field information of the current event. * * It also checks if the event should be discarded or not. * It is to be discarded if the event is soft disabled and the * event was only recorded to process triggers, or if the event * filter is active and this event did not match the filters. * * Returns true if the event is discarded, false otherwise. */ static inline bool __event_trigger_test_discard(struct trace_event_file *file, struct trace_buffer *buffer, struct ring_buffer_event *event, void *entry, enum event_trigger_type *tt) { unsigned long eflags = file->flags; if (eflags & EVENT_FILE_FL_TRIGGER_COND) *tt = event_triggers_call(file, entry, event); if (likely(!(file->flags & (EVENT_FILE_FL_SOFT_DISABLED | EVENT_FILE_FL_FILTERED | EVENT_FILE_FL_PID_FILTER)))) return false; if (file->flags & EVENT_FILE_FL_SOFT_DISABLED) goto discard; if (file->flags & EVENT_FILE_FL_FILTERED && !filter_match_preds(file->filter, entry)) goto discard; if ((file->flags & EVENT_FILE_FL_PID_FILTER) && trace_event_ignore_this_pid(file)) goto discard; return false; discard: __trace_event_discard_commit(buffer, event); return true; } /** * event_trigger_unlock_commit - handle triggers and finish event commit * @file: The file pointer assoctiated to the event * @buffer: The ring buffer that the event is being written to * @event: The event meta data in the ring buffer * @entry: The event itself * @irq_flags: The state of the interrupts at the start of the event * @pc: The state of the preempt count at the start of the event. * * This is a helper function to handle triggers that require data * from the event itself. It also tests the event against filters and * if the event is soft disabled and should be discarded. */ static inline void event_trigger_unlock_commit(struct trace_event_file *file, struct trace_buffer *buffer, struct ring_buffer_event *event, void *entry, unsigned long irq_flags, int pc) { enum event_trigger_type tt = ETT_NONE; if (!__event_trigger_test_discard(file, buffer, event, entry, &tt)) trace_buffer_unlock_commit(file->tr, buffer, event, irq_flags, pc); if (tt) event_triggers_post_call(file, tt); } /** * event_trigger_unlock_commit_regs - handle triggers and finish event commit * @file: The file pointer assoctiated to the event * @buffer: The ring buffer that the event is being written to * @event: The event meta data in the ring buffer * @entry: The event itself * @irq_flags: The state of the interrupts at the start of the event * @pc: The state of the preempt count at the start of the event. * * This is a helper function to handle triggers that require data * from the event itself. It also tests the event against filters and * if the event is soft disabled and should be discarded. * * Same as event_trigger_unlock_commit() but calls * trace_buffer_unlock_commit_regs() instead of trace_buffer_unlock_commit(). */ static inline void event_trigger_unlock_commit_regs(struct trace_event_file *file, struct trace_buffer *buffer, struct ring_buffer_event *event, void *entry, unsigned long irq_flags, int pc, struct pt_regs *regs) { enum event_trigger_type tt = ETT_NONE; if (!__event_trigger_test_discard(file, buffer, event, entry, &tt)) trace_buffer_unlock_commit_regs(file->tr, buffer, event, irq_flags, pc, regs); if (tt) event_triggers_post_call(file, tt); } #define FILTER_PRED_INVALID ((unsigned short)-1) #define FILTER_PRED_IS_RIGHT (1 << 15) #define FILTER_PRED_FOLD (1 << 15) /* * The max preds is the size of unsigned short with * two flags at the MSBs. One bit is used for both the IS_RIGHT * and FOLD flags. The other is reserved. * * 2^14 preds is way more than enough. */ #define MAX_FILTER_PRED 16384 struct filter_pred; struct regex; typedef int (*filter_pred_fn_t) (struct filter_pred *pred, void *event); typedef int (*regex_match_func)(char *str, struct regex *r, int len); enum regex_type { MATCH_FULL = 0, MATCH_FRONT_ONLY, MATCH_MIDDLE_ONLY, MATCH_END_ONLY, MATCH_GLOB, MATCH_INDEX, }; struct regex { char pattern[MAX_FILTER_STR_VAL]; int len; int field_len; regex_match_func match; }; struct filter_pred { filter_pred_fn_t fn; u64 val; struct regex regex; unsigned short *ops; struct ftrace_event_field *field; int offset; int not; int op; }; static inline bool is_string_field(struct ftrace_event_field *field) { return field->filter_type == FILTER_DYN_STRING || field->filter_type == FILTER_STATIC_STRING || field->filter_type == FILTER_PTR_STRING || field->filter_type == FILTER_COMM; } static inline bool is_function_field(struct ftrace_event_field *field) { return field->filter_type == FILTER_TRACE_FN; } extern enum regex_type filter_parse_regex(char *buff, int len, char **search, int *not); extern void print_event_filter(struct trace_event_file *file, struct trace_seq *s); extern int apply_event_filter(struct trace_event_file *file, char *filter_string); extern int apply_subsystem_event_filter(struct trace_subsystem_dir *dir, char *filter_string); extern void print_subsystem_event_filter(struct event_subsystem *system, struct trace_seq *s); extern int filter_assign_type(const char *type); extern int create_event_filter(struct trace_array *tr, struct trace_event_call *call, char *filter_str, bool set_str, struct event_filter **filterp); extern void free_event_filter(struct event_filter *filter); struct ftrace_event_field * trace_find_event_field(struct trace_event_call *call, char *name); extern void trace_event_enable_cmd_record(bool enable); extern void trace_event_enable_tgid_record(bool enable); extern int event_trace_init(void); extern int event_trace_add_tracer(struct dentry *parent, struct trace_array *tr); extern int event_trace_del_tracer(struct trace_array *tr); extern void __trace_early_add_events(struct trace_array *tr); extern struct trace_event_file *__find_event_file(struct trace_array *tr, const char *system, const char *event); extern struct trace_event_file *find_event_file(struct trace_array *tr, const char *system, const char *event); static inline void *event_file_data(struct file *filp) { return READ_ONCE(file_inode(filp)->i_private); } extern struct mutex event_mutex; extern struct list_head ftrace_events; extern const struct file_operations event_trigger_fops; extern const struct file_operations event_hist_fops; extern const struct file_operations event_hist_debug_fops; extern const struct file_operations event_inject_fops; #ifdef CONFIG_HIST_TRIGGERS extern int register_trigger_hist_cmd(void); extern int register_trigger_hist_enable_disable_cmds(void); #else static inline int register_trigger_hist_cmd(void) { return 0; } static inline int register_trigger_hist_enable_disable_cmds(void) { return 0; } #endif extern int register_trigger_cmds(void); extern void clear_event_triggers(struct trace_array *tr); struct event_trigger_data { unsigned long count; int ref; struct event_trigger_ops *ops; struct event_command *cmd_ops; struct event_filter __rcu *filter; char *filter_str; void *private_data; bool paused; bool paused_tmp; struct list_head list; char *name; struct list_head named_list; struct event_trigger_data *name