1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * sysctl.h: General linux system control interface * * Begun 24 March 1995, Stephen Tweedie * **************************************************************** **************************************************************** ** ** WARNING: ** The values in this file are exported to user space via ** the sysctl() binary interface. Do *NOT* change the ** numbering of any existing values here, and do not change ** any numbers within any one set of values. If you have to ** redefine an existing interface, use a new number for it. ** The kernel will then return -ENOTDIR to any application using ** the old binary interface. ** **************************************************************** **************************************************************** */ #ifndef _LINUX_SYSCTL_H #define _LINUX_SYSCTL_H #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> #include <uapi/linux/sysctl.h> /* For the /proc/sys support */ struct completion; struct ctl_table; struct nsproxy; struct ctl_table_root; struct ctl_table_header; struct ctl_dir; /* Keep the same order as in fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c */ #define SYSCTL_ZERO ((void *)&sysctl_vals[0]) #define SYSCTL_ONE ((void *)&sysctl_vals[1]) #define SYSCTL_INT_MAX ((void *)&sysctl_vals[2]) extern const int sysctl_vals[]; typedef int proc_handler(struct ctl_table *ctl, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos); int proc_dostring(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); int proc_dointvec(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); int proc_douintvec(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); int proc_dointvec_minmax(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); int proc_douintvec_minmax(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos); int proc_dointvec_jiffies(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); int proc_dointvec_userhz_jiffies(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); int proc_dointvec_ms_jiffies(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); int proc_doulongvec_minmax(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); int proc_doulongvec_ms_jiffies_minmax(struct ctl_table *table, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); int proc_do_large_bitmap(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); int proc_do_static_key(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos); /* * Register a set of sysctl names by calling register_sysctl_table * with an initialised array of struct ctl_table's. An entry with * NULL procname terminates the table. table->de will be * set up by the registration and need not be initialised in advance. * * sysctl names can be mirrored automatically under /proc/sys. The * procname supplied controls /proc naming. * * The table's mode will be honoured for proc-fs access. * * Leaf nodes in the sysctl tree will be represented by a single file * under /proc; non-leaf nodes will be represented by directories. A * null procname disables /proc mirroring at this node. * * The data and maxlen fields of the ctl_table * struct enable minimal validation of the values being written to be * performed, and the mode field allows minimal authentication. * * There must be a proc_handler routine for any terminal nodes * mirrored under /proc/sys (non-terminals are handled by a built-in * directory handler). Several default handlers are available to * cover common cases. */ /* Support for userspace poll() to watch for changes */ struct ctl_table_poll { atomic_t event; wait_queue_head_t wait; }; static inline void *proc_sys_poll_event(struct ctl_table_poll *poll) { return (void *)(unsigned long)atomic_read(&poll->event); } #define __CTL_TABLE_POLL_INITIALIZER(name) { \ .event = ATOMIC_INIT(0), \ .wait = __WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD_INITIALIZER(name.wait) } #define DEFINE_CTL_TABLE_POLL(name) \ struct ctl_table_poll name = __CTL_TABLE_POLL_INITIALIZER(name) /* A sysctl table is an array of struct ctl_table: */ struct ctl_table { const char *procname; /* Text ID for /proc/sys, or zero */ void *data; int maxlen; umode_t mode; struct ctl_table *child; /* Deprecated */ proc_handler *proc_handler; /* Callback for text formatting */ struct ctl_table_poll *poll; void *extra1; void *extra2; } __randomize_layout; struct ctl_node { struct rb_node node; struct ctl_table_header *header; }; /* struct ctl_table_header is used to maintain dynamic lists of struct ctl_table trees. */ struct ctl_table_header { union { struct { struct ctl_table *ctl_table; int used; int count; int nreg; }; struct rcu_head rcu; }; struct completion *unregistering; struct ctl_table *ctl_table_arg; struct ctl_table_root *root; struct ctl_table_set *set; struct ctl_dir *parent; struct ctl_node *node; struct hlist_head inodes; /* head for proc_inode->sysctl_inodes */ }; struct ctl_dir { /* Header must be at the start of ctl_dir */ struct ctl_table_header header; struct rb_root root; }; struct ctl_table_set { int (*is_seen)(struct ctl_table_set *); struct ctl_dir dir; }; struct ctl_table_root { struct ctl_table_set default_set; struct ctl_table_set *(*lookup)(struct ctl_table_root *root); void (*set_ownership)(struct ctl_table_header *head, struct ctl_table *table, kuid_t *uid, kgid_t *gid); int (*permissions)(struct ctl_table_header *head, struct ctl_table *table); }; /* struct ctl_path describes where in the hierarchy a table is added */ struct ctl_path { const char *procname; }; #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL void proc_sys_poll_notify(struct ctl_table_poll *poll); extern void setup_sysctl_set(struct ctl_table_set *p, struct ctl_table_root *root, int (*is_seen)(struct ctl_table_set *)); extern void retire_sysctl_set(struct ctl_table_set *set); struct ctl_table_header *__register_sysctl_table( struct ctl_table_set *set, const char *path, struct ctl_table *table); struct ctl_table_header *__register_sysctl_paths( struct ctl_table_set *set, const struct ctl_path *path, struct ctl_table *table); struct ctl_table_header *register_sysctl(const char *path, struct ctl_table *table); struct ctl_table_header *register_sysctl_table(struct ctl_table * table); struct ctl_table_header *register_sysctl_paths(const struct ctl_path *path, struct ctl_table *table); void unregister_sysctl_table(struct ctl_table_header * table); extern int sysctl_init(void); void do_sysctl_args(void); extern int pwrsw_enabled; extern int unaligned_enabled; extern int unaligned_dump_stack; extern int no_unaligned_warning; extern struct ctl_table sysctl_mount_point[]; extern struct ctl_table random_table[]; extern struct ctl_table firmware_config_table[]; extern struct ctl_table epoll_table[]; #else /* CONFIG_SYSCTL */ static inline struct ctl_table_header *register_sysctl_table(struct ctl_table * table) { return NULL; } static inline struct ctl_table_header *register_sysctl_paths( const struct ctl_path *path, struct ctl_table *table) { return NULL; } static inline struct ctl_table_header *register_sysctl(const char *path, struct ctl_table *table) { return NULL; } static inline void unregister_sysctl_table(struct ctl_table_header * table) { } static inline void setup_sysctl_set(struct ctl_table_set *p, struct ctl_table_root *root, int (*is_seen)(struct ctl_table_set *)) { } static inline void do_sysctl_args(void) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SYSCTL */ int sysctl_max_threads(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos); #endif /* _LINUX_SYSCTL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * generic net pointers */ #ifndef __NET_GENERIC_H__ #define __NET_GENERIC_H__ #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> /* * Generic net pointers are to be used by modules to put some private * stuff on the struct net without explicit struct net modification * * The rules are simple: * 1. set pernet_operations->id. After register_pernet_device you * will have the id of your private pointer. * 2. set pernet_operations->size to have the code allocate and free * a private structure pointed to from struct net. * 3. do not change this pointer while the net is alive; * 4. do not try to have any private reference on the net_generic object. * * After accomplishing all of the above, the private pointer can be * accessed with the net_generic() call. */ struct net_generic { union { struct { unsigned int len; struct rcu_head rcu; } s; void *ptr[0]; }; }; static inline void *net_generic(const struct net *net, unsigned int id) { struct net_generic *ng; void *ptr; rcu_read_lock(); ng = rcu_dereference(net->gen); ptr = ng->ptr[id]; rcu_read_unlock(); return ptr; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef DRIVERS_PCI_H #define DRIVERS_PCI_H #include <linux/pci.h> /* Number of possible devfns: 0.0 to 1f.7 inclusive */ #define MAX_NR_DEVFNS 256 #define PCI_FIND_CAP_TTL 48 #define PCI_VSEC_ID_INTEL_TBT 0x1234 /* Thunderbolt */ extern const unsigned char pcie_link_speed[]; extern bool pci_early_dump; bool pcie_cap_has_lnkctl(const struct pci_dev *dev); bool pcie_cap_has_rtctl(const struct pci_dev *dev); /* Functions internal to the PCI core code */ int pci_create_sysfs_dev_files(struct pci_dev *pdev); void pci_remove_sysfs_dev_files(struct pci_dev *pdev); #if !defined(CONFIG_DMI) && !defined(CONFIG_ACPI) static inline void pci_create_firmware_label_files(struct pci_dev *pdev) { return; } static inline void pci_remove_firmware_label_files(struct pci_dev *pdev) { return; } #else void pci_create_firmware_label_files(struct pci_dev *pdev); void pci_remove_firmware_label_files(struct pci_dev *pdev); #endif void pci_cleanup_rom(struct pci_dev *dev); enum pci_mmap_api { PCI_MMAP_SYSFS, /* mmap on /sys/bus/pci/devices/<BDF>/resource<N> */ PCI_MMAP_PROCFS /* mmap on /proc/bus/pci/<BDF> */ }; int pci_mmap_fits(struct pci_dev *pdev, int resno, struct vm_area_struct *vmai, enum pci_mmap_api mmap_api); int pci_probe_reset_function(struct pci_dev *dev); int pci_bridge_secondary_bus_reset(struct pci_dev *dev); int pci_bus_error_reset(struct pci_dev *dev); #define PCI_PM_D2_DELAY 200 /* usec; see PCIe r4.0, sec 5.9.1 */ #define PCI_PM_D3HOT_WAIT 10 /* msec */ #define PCI_PM_D3COLD_WAIT 100 /* msec */ /** * struct pci_platform_pm_ops - Firmware PM callbacks * * @bridge_d3: Does the bridge allow entering into D3 * * @is_manageable: returns 'true' if given device is power manageable by the * platform firmware * * @set_state: invokes the platform firmware to set the device's power state * * @get_state: queries the platform firmware for a device's current power state * * @refresh_state: asks the platform to refresh the device's power state data * * @choose_state: returns PCI power state of given device preferred by the * platform; to be used during system-wide transitions from a * sleeping state to the working state and vice versa * * @set_wakeup: enables/disables wakeup capability for the device * * @need_resume: returns 'true' if the given device (which is currently * suspended) needs to be resumed to be configured for system * wakeup. * * If given platform is generally capable of power managing PCI devices, all of * these callbacks are mandatory. */ struct pci_platform_pm_ops { bool (*bridge_d3)(struct pci_dev *dev); bool (*is_manageable)(struct pci_dev *dev); int (*set_state)(struct pci_dev *dev, pci_power_t state); pci_power_t (*get_state)(struct pci_dev *dev); void (*refresh_state)(struct pci_dev *dev); pci_power_t (*choose_state)(struct pci_dev *dev); int (*set_wakeup)(struct pci_dev *dev, bool enable); bool (*need_resume)(struct pci_dev *dev); }; int pci_set_platform_pm(const struct pci_platform_pm_ops *ops); void pci_update_current_state(struct pci_dev *dev, pci_power_t state); void pci_refresh_power_state(struct pci_dev *dev); int pci_power_up(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_disable_enabled_device(struct pci_dev *dev); int pci_finish_runtime_suspend(struct pci_dev *dev); void pcie_clear_device_status(struct pci_dev *dev); void pcie_clear_root_pme_status(struct pci_dev *dev); bool pci_check_pme_status(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_pme_wakeup_bus(struct pci_bus *bus); int __pci_pme_wakeup(struct pci_dev *dev, void *ign); void pci_pme_restore(struct pci_dev *dev); bool pci_dev_need_resume(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_dev_adjust_pme(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_dev_complete_resume(struct pci_dev *pci_dev); void pci_config_pm_runtime_get(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_config_pm_runtime_put(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_pm_init(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_ea_init(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_allocate_cap_save_buffers(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_free_cap_save_buffers(struct pci_dev *dev); bool pci_bridge_d3_possible(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_bridge_d3_update(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_bridge_wait_for_secondary_bus(struct pci_dev *dev); static inline void pci_wakeup_event(struct pci_dev *dev) { /* Wait 100 ms before the system can be put into a sleep state. */ pm_wakeup_event(&dev->dev, 100); } static inline bool pci_has_subordinate(struct pci_dev *pci_dev) { return !!(pci_dev->subordinate); } static inline bool pci_power_manageable(struct pci_dev *pci_dev) { /* * Currently we allow normal PCI devices and PCI bridges transition * into D3 if their bridge_d3 is set. */ return !pci_has_subordinate(pci_dev) || pci_dev->bridge_d3; } static inline bool pcie_downstream_port(const struct pci_dev *dev) { int type = pci_pcie_type(dev); return type == PCI_EXP_TYPE_ROOT_PORT || type == PCI_EXP_TYPE_DOWNSTREAM || type == PCI_EXP_TYPE_PCIE_BRIDGE; } int pci_vpd_init(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_vpd_release(struct pci_dev *dev); void pcie_vpd_create_sysfs_dev_files(struct pci_dev *dev); void pcie_vpd_remove_sysfs_dev_files(struct pci_dev *dev); /* PCI Virtual Channel */ int pci_save_vc_state(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_restore_vc_state(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_allocate_vc_save_buffers(struct pci_dev *dev); /* PCI /proc functions */ #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS int pci_proc_attach_device(struct pci_dev *dev); int pci_proc_detach_device(struct pci_dev *dev); int pci_proc_detach_bus(struct pci_bus *bus); #else static inline int pci_proc_attach_device(struct pci_dev *dev) { return 0; } static inline int pci_proc_detach_device(struct pci_dev *dev) { return 0; } static inline int pci_proc_detach_bus(struct pci_bus *bus) { return 0; } #endif /* Functions for PCI Hotplug drivers to use */ int pci_hp_add_bridge(struct pci_dev *dev); #ifdef HAVE_PCI_LEGACY void pci_create_legacy_files(struct pci_bus *bus); void pci_remove_legacy_files(struct pci_bus *bus); #else static inline void pci_create_legacy_files(struct pci_bus *bus) { return; } static inline void pci_remove_legacy_files(struct pci_bus *bus) { return; } #endif /* Lock for read/write access to pci device and bus lists */ extern struct rw_semaphore pci_bus_sem; extern struct mutex pci_slot_mutex; extern raw_spinlock_t pci_lock; extern unsigned int pci_pm_d3hot_delay; #ifdef CONFIG_PCI_MSI void pci_no_msi(void); #else static inline void pci_no_msi(void) { } #endif static inline void pci_msi_set_enable(struct pci_dev *dev, int enable) { u16 control; pci_read_config_word(dev, dev->msi_cap + PCI_MSI_FLAGS, &control); control &= ~PCI_MSI_FLAGS_ENABLE; if (enable) control |= PCI_MSI_FLAGS_ENABLE; pci_write_config_word(dev, dev->msi_cap + PCI_MSI_FLAGS, control); } static inline void pci_msix_clear_and_set_ctrl(struct pci_dev *dev, u16 clear, u16 set) { u16 ctrl; pci_read_config_word(dev, dev->msix_cap + PCI_MSIX_FLAGS, &ctrl); ctrl &= ~clear; ctrl |= set; pci_write_config_word(dev, dev->msix_cap + PCI_MSIX_FLAGS, ctrl); } void pci_realloc_get_opt(char *); static inline int pci_no_d1d2(struct pci_dev *dev) { unsigned int parent_dstates = 0; if (dev->bus->self) parent_dstates = dev->bus->self->no_d1d2; return (dev->no_d1d2 || parent_dstates); } extern const struct attribute_group *pci_dev_groups[]; extern const struct attribute_group *pcibus_groups[]; extern const struct device_type pci_dev_type; extern const struct attribute_group *pci_bus_groups[]; extern unsigned long pci_hotplug_io_size; extern unsigned long pci_hotplug_mmio_size; extern unsigned long pci_hotplug_mmio_pref_size; extern unsigned long pci_hotplug_bus_size; /** * pci_match_one_device - Tell if a PCI device structure has a matching * PCI device id structure * @id: single PCI device id structure to match * @dev: the PCI device structure to match against * * Returns the matching pci_device_id structure or %NULL if there is no match. */ static inline const struct pci_device_id * pci_match_one_device(const struct pci_device_id *id, const struct pci_dev *dev) { if ((id->vendor == PCI_ANY_ID || id->vendor == dev->vendor) && (id->device == PCI_ANY_ID || id->device == dev->device) && (id->subvendor == PCI_ANY_ID || id->subvendor == dev->subsystem_vendor) && (id->subdevice == PCI_ANY_ID || id->subdevice == dev->subsystem_device) && !((id->class ^ dev->class) & id->class_mask)) return id; return NULL; } /* PCI slot sysfs helper code */ #define to_pci_slot(s) container_of(s, struct pci_slot, kobj) extern struct kset *pci_slots_kset; struct pci_slot_attribute { struct attribute attr; ssize_t (*show)(struct pci_slot *, char *); ssize_t (*store)(struct pci_slot *, const char *, size_t); }; #define to_pci_slot_attr(s) container_of(s, struct pci_slot_attribute, attr) enum pci_bar_type { pci_bar_unknown, /* Standard PCI BAR probe */ pci_bar_io, /* An I/O port BAR */ pci_bar_mem32, /* A 32-bit memory BAR */ pci_bar_mem64, /* A 64-bit memory BAR */ }; struct device *pci_get_host_bridge_device(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_put_host_bridge_device(struct device *dev); int pci_configure_extended_tags(struct pci_dev *dev, void *ign); bool pci_bus_read_dev_vendor_id(struct pci_bus *bus, int devfn, u32 *pl, int crs_timeout); bool pci_bus_generic_read_dev_vendor_id(struct pci_bus *bus, int devfn, u32 *pl, int crs_timeout); int pci_idt_bus_quirk(struct pci_bus *bus, int devfn, u32 *pl, int crs_timeout); int pci_setup_device(struct pci_dev *dev); int __pci_read_base(struct pci_dev *dev, enum pci_bar_type type, struct resource *res, unsigned int reg); void pci_configure_ari(struct pci_dev *dev); void __pci_bus_size_bridges(struct pci_bus *bus, struct list_head *realloc_head); void __pci_bus_assign_resources(const struct pci_bus *bus, struct list_head *realloc_head, struct list_head *fail_head); bool pci_bus_clip_resource(struct pci_dev *dev, int idx); void pci_reassigndev_resource_alignment(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_disable_bridge_window(struct pci_dev *dev); struct pci_bus *pci_bus_get(struct pci_bus *bus); void pci_bus_put(struct pci_bus *bus); /* PCIe link information from Link Capabilities 2 */ #define PCIE_LNKCAP2_SLS2SPEED(lnkcap2) \ ((lnkcap2) & PCI_EXP_LNKCAP2_SLS_32_0GB ? PCIE_SPEED_32_0GT : \ (lnkcap2) & PCI_EXP_LNKCAP2_SLS_16_0GB ? PCIE_SPEED_16_0GT : \ (lnkcap2) & PCI_EXP_LNKCAP2_SLS_8_0GB ? PCIE_SPEED_8_0GT : \ (lnkcap2) & PCI_EXP_LNKCAP2_SLS_5_0GB ? PCIE_SPEED_5_0GT : \ (lnkcap2) & PCI_EXP_LNKCAP2_SLS_2_5GB ? PCIE_SPEED_2_5GT : \ PCI_SPEED_UNKNOWN) /* PCIe speed to Mb/s reduced by encoding overhead */ #define PCIE_SPEED2MBS_ENC(speed) \ ((speed) == PCIE_SPEED_32_0GT ? 32000*128/130 : \ (speed) == PCIE_SPEED_16_0GT ? 16000*128/130 : \ (speed) == PCIE_SPEED_8_0GT ? 8000*128/130 : \ (speed) == PCIE_SPEED_5_0GT ? 5000*8/10 : \ (speed) == PCIE_SPEED_2_5GT ? 2500*8/10 : \ 0) const char *pci_speed_string(enum pci_bus_speed speed); enum pci_bus_speed pcie_get_speed_cap(struct pci_dev *dev); enum pcie_link_width pcie_get_width_cap(struct pci_dev *dev); u32 pcie_bandwidth_capable(struct pci_dev *dev, enum pci_bus_speed *speed, enum pcie_link_width *width); void __pcie_print_link_status(struct pci_dev *dev, bool verbose); void pcie_report_downtraining(struct pci_dev *dev); void pcie_update_link_speed(struct pci_bus *bus, u16 link_status); /* Single Root I/O Virtualization */ struct pci_sriov { int pos; /* Capability position */ int nres; /* Number of resources */ u32 cap; /* SR-IOV Capabilities */ u16 ctrl; /* SR-IOV Control */ u16 total_VFs; /* Total VFs associated with the PF */ u16 initial_VFs; /* Initial VFs associated with the PF */ u16 num_VFs; /* Number of VFs available */ u16 offset; /* First VF Routing ID offset */ u16 stride; /* Following VF stride */ u16 vf_device; /* VF device ID */ u32 pgsz; /* Page size for BAR alignment */ u8 link; /* Function Dependency Link */ u8 max_VF_buses; /* Max buses consumed by VFs */ u16 driver_max_VFs; /* Max num VFs driver supports */ struct pci_dev *dev; /* Lowest numbered PF */ struct pci_dev *self; /* This PF */ u32 class; /* VF device */ u8 hdr_type; /* VF header type */ u16 subsystem_vendor; /* VF subsystem vendor */ u16 subsystem_device; /* VF subsystem device */ resource_size_t barsz[PCI_SRIOV_NUM_BARS]; /* VF BAR size */ bool drivers_autoprobe; /* Auto probing of VFs by driver */ }; /** * pci_dev_set_io_state - Set the new error state if possible. * * @dev - pci device to set new error_state * @new - the state we want dev to be in * * Must be called with device_lock held. * * Returns true if state has been changed to the requested state. */ static inline bool pci_dev_set_io_state(struct pci_dev *dev, pci_channel_state_t new) { bool changed = false; device_lock_assert(&dev->dev); switch (new) { case pci_channel_io_perm_failure: switch (dev->error_state) { case pci_channel_io_frozen: case pci_channel_io_normal: case pci_channel_io_perm_failure: changed = true; break; } break; case pci_channel_io_frozen: switch (dev->error_state) { case pci_channel_io_frozen: case pci_channel_io_normal: changed = true; break; } break; case pci_channel_io_normal: switch (dev->error_state) { case pci_channel_io_frozen: case pci_channel_io_normal: changed = true; break; } break; } if (changed) dev->error_state = new; return changed; } static inline int pci_dev_set_disconnected(struct pci_dev *dev, void *unused) { device_lock(&dev->dev); pci_dev_set_io_state(dev, pci_channel_io_perm_failure); device_unlock(&dev->dev); return 0; } static inline bool pci_dev_is_disconnected(const struct pci_dev *dev) { return dev->error_state == pci_channel_io_perm_failure; } /* pci_dev priv_flags */ #define PCI_DEV_ADDED 0 #define PCI_DPC_RECOVERED 1 #define PCI_DPC_RECOVERING 2 static inline void pci_dev_assign_added(struct pci_dev *dev, bool added) { assign_bit(PCI_DEV_ADDED, &dev->priv_flags, added); } static inline bool pci_dev_is_added(const struct pci_dev *dev) { return test_bit(PCI_DEV_ADDED, &dev->priv_flags); } #ifdef CONFIG_PCIEAER #include <linux/aer.h> #define AER_MAX_MULTI_ERR_DEVICES 5 /* Not likely to have more */ struct aer_err_info { struct pci_dev *dev[AER_MAX_MULTI_ERR_DEVICES]; int error_dev_num; unsigned int id:16; unsigned int severity:2; /* 0:NONFATAL | 1:FATAL | 2:COR */ unsigned int __pad1:5; unsigned int multi_error_valid:1; unsigned int first_error:5; unsigned int __pad2:2; unsigned int tlp_header_valid:1; unsigned int status; /* COR/UNCOR Error Status */ unsigned int mask; /* COR/UNCOR Error Mask */ struct aer_header_log_regs tlp; /* TLP Header */ }; int aer_get_device_error_info(struct pci_dev *dev, struct aer_err_info *info); void aer_print_error(struct pci_dev *dev, struct aer_err_info *info); #endif /* CONFIG_PCIEAER */ #ifdef CONFIG_PCIE_DPC void pci_save_dpc_state(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_restore_dpc_state(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_dpc_init(struct pci_dev *pdev); void dpc_process_error(struct pci_dev *pdev); pci_ers_result_t dpc_reset_link(struct pci_dev *pdev); bool pci_dpc_recovered(struct pci_dev *pdev); #else static inline void pci_save_dpc_state(struct pci_dev *dev) {} static inline void pci_restore_dpc_state(struct pci_dev *dev) {} static inline void pci_dpc_init(struct pci_dev *pdev) {} static inline bool pci_dpc_recovered(struct pci_dev *pdev) { return false; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PCI_ATS /* Address Translation Service */ void pci_ats_init(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_restore_ats_state(struct pci_dev *dev); #else static inline void pci_ats_init(struct pci_dev *d) { } static inline void pci_restore_ats_state(struct pci_dev *dev) { } #endif /* CONFIG_PCI_ATS */ #ifdef CONFIG_PCI_PRI void pci_pri_init(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_restore_pri_state(struct pci_dev *pdev); #else static inline void pci_pri_init(struct pci_dev *dev) { } static inline void pci_restore_pri_state(struct pci_dev *pdev) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PCI_PASID void pci_pasid_init(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_restore_pasid_state(struct pci_dev *pdev); #else static inline void pci_pasid_init(struct pci_dev *dev) { } static inline void pci_restore_pasid_state(struct pci_dev *pdev) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PCI_IOV int pci_iov_init(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_iov_release(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_iov_remove(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_iov_update_resource(struct pci_dev *dev, int resno); resource_size_t pci_sriov_resource_alignment(struct pci_dev *dev, int resno); void pci_restore_iov_state(struct pci_dev *dev); int pci_iov_bus_range(struct pci_bus *bus); extern const struct attribute_group sriov_dev_attr_group; #else static inline int pci_iov_init(struct pci_dev *dev) { return -ENODEV; } static inline void pci_iov_release(struct pci_dev *dev) { } static inline void pci_iov_remove(struct pci_dev *dev) { } static inline void pci_restore_iov_state(struct pci_dev *dev) { } static inline int pci_iov_bus_range(struct pci_bus *bus) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_PCI_IOV */ unsigned long pci_cardbus_resource_alignment(struct resource *); static inline resource_size_t pci_resource_alignment(struct pci_dev *dev, struct resource *res) { #ifdef CONFIG_PCI_IOV int resno = res - dev->resource; if (resno >= PCI_IOV_RESOURCES && resno <= PCI_IOV_RESOURCE_END) return pci_sriov_resource_alignment(dev, resno); #endif if (dev->class >> 8 == PCI_CLASS_BRIDGE_CARDBUS) return pci_cardbus_resource_alignment(res); return resource_alignment(res); } void pci_acs_init(struct pci_dev *dev); #ifdef CONFIG_PCI_QUIRKS int pci_dev_specific_acs_enabled(struct pci_dev *dev, u16 acs_flags); int pci_dev_specific_enable_acs(struct pci_dev *dev); int pci_dev_specific_disable_acs_redir(struct pci_dev *dev); #else static inline int pci_dev_specific_acs_enabled(struct pci_dev *dev, u16 acs_flags) { return -ENOTTY; } static inline int pci_dev_specific_enable_acs(struct pci_dev *dev) { return -ENOTTY; } static inline int pci_dev_specific_disable_acs_redir(struct pci_dev *dev) { return -ENOTTY; } #endif /* PCI error reporting and recovery */ pci_ers_result_t pcie_do_recovery(struct pci_dev *dev, pci_channel_state_t state, pci_ers_result_t (*reset_link)(struct pci_dev *pdev)); bool pcie_wait_for_link(struct pci_dev *pdev, bool active); #ifdef CONFIG_PCIEASPM void pcie_aspm_init_link_state(struct pci_dev *pdev); void pcie_aspm_exit_link_state(struct pci_dev *pdev); void pcie_aspm_pm_state_change(struct pci_dev *pdev); void pcie_aspm_powersave_config_link(struct pci_dev *pdev); #else static inline void pcie_aspm_init_link_state(struct pci_dev *pdev) { } static inline void pcie_aspm_exit_link_state(struct pci_dev *pdev) { } static inline void pcie_aspm_pm_state_change(struct pci_dev *pdev) { } static inline void pcie_aspm_powersave_config_link(struct pci_dev *pdev) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PCIE_ECRC void pcie_set_ecrc_checking(struct pci_dev *dev); void pcie_ecrc_get_policy(char *str); #else static inline void pcie_set_ecrc_checking(struct pci_dev *dev) { } static inline void pcie_ecrc_get_policy(char *str) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PCIE_PTM void pci_ptm_init(struct pci_dev *dev); int pci_enable_ptm(struct pci_dev *dev, u8 *granularity); #else static inline void pci_ptm_init(struct pci_dev *dev) { } static inline int pci_enable_ptm(struct pci_dev *dev, u8 *granularity) { return -EINVAL; } #endif struct pci_dev_reset_methods { u16 vendor; u16 device; int (*reset)(struct pci_dev *dev, int probe); }; #ifdef CONFIG_PCI_QUIRKS int pci_dev_specific_reset(struct pci_dev *dev, int probe); #else static inline int pci_dev_specific_reset(struct pci_dev *dev, int probe) { return -ENOTTY; } #endif #if defined(CONFIG_PCI_QUIRKS) && defined(CONFIG_ARM64) int acpi_get_rc_resources(struct device *dev, const char *hid, u16 segment, struct resource *res); #else static inline int acpi_get_rc_resources(struct device *dev, const char *hid, u16 segment, struct resource *res) { return -ENODEV; } #endif u32 pci_rebar_get_possible_sizes(struct pci_dev *pdev, int bar); int pci_rebar_get_current_size(struct pci_dev *pdev, int bar); int pci_rebar_set_size(struct pci_dev *pdev, int bar, int size); static inline u64 pci_rebar_size_to_bytes(int size) { return 1ULL << (size + 20); } struct device_node; #ifdef CONFIG_OF int of_pci_parse_bus_range(struct device_node *node, struct resource *res); int of_get_pci_domain_nr(struct device_node *node); int of_pci_get_max_link_speed(struct device_node *node); void pci_set_of_node(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_release_of_node(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_set_bus_of_node(struct pci_bus *bus); void pci_release_bus_of_node(struct pci_bus *bus); int devm_of_pci_bridge_init(struct device *dev, struct pci_host_bridge *bridge); #else static inline int of_pci_parse_bus_range(struct device_node *node, struct resource *res) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int of_get_pci_domain_nr(struct device_node *node) { return -1; } static inline int of_pci_get_max_link_speed(struct device_node *node) { return -EINVAL; } static inline void pci_set_of_node(struct pci_dev *dev) { } static inline void pci_release_of_node(struct pci_dev *dev) { } static inline void pci_set_bus_of_node(struct pci_bus *bus) { } static inline void pci_release_bus_of_node(struct pci_bus *bus) { } static inline int devm_of_pci_bridge_init(struct device *dev, struct pci_host_bridge *bridge) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_OF */ #ifdef CONFIG_PCIEAER void pci_no_aer(void); void pci_aer_init(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_aer_exit(struct pci_dev *dev); extern const struct attribute_group aer_stats_attr_group; void pci_aer_clear_fatal_status(struct pci_dev *dev); int pci_aer_clear_status(struct pci_dev *dev); int pci_aer_raw_clear_status(struct pci_dev *dev); #else static inline void pci_no_aer(void) { } static inline void pci_aer_init(struct pci_dev *d) { } static inline void pci_aer_exit(struct pci_dev *d) { } static inline void pci_aer_clear_fatal_status(struct pci_dev *dev) { } static inline int pci_aer_clear_status(struct pci_dev *dev) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int pci_aer_raw_clear_status(struct pci_dev *dev) { return -EINVAL; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_ACPI int pci_acpi_program_hp_params(struct pci_dev *dev); #else static inline int pci_acpi_program_hp_params(struct pci_dev *dev) { return -ENODEV; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PCIEASPM extern const struct attribute_group aspm_ctrl_attr_group; #endif #endif /* DRIVERS_PCI_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * NUMA memory policies for Linux. * Copyright 2003,2004 Andi Kleen SuSE Labs */ #ifndef _LINUX_MEMPOLICY_H #define _LINUX_MEMPOLICY_H 1 #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/mmzone.h> #include <linux/dax.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/nodemask.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <uapi/linux/mempolicy.h> struct mm_struct; #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA /* * Describe a memory policy. * * A mempolicy can be either associated with a process or with a VMA. * For VMA related allocations the VMA policy is preferred, otherwise * the process policy is used. Interrupts ignore the memory policy * of the current process. * * Locking policy for interleave: * In process context there is no locking because only the process accesses * its own state. All vma manipulation is somewhat protected by a down_read on * mmap_lock. * * Freeing policy: * Mempolicy objects are reference counted. A mempolicy will be freed when * mpol_put() decrements the reference count to zero. * * Duplicating policy objects: * mpol_dup() allocates a new mempolicy and copies the specified mempolicy * to the new storage. The reference count of the new object is initialized * to 1, representing the caller of mpol_dup(). */ struct mempolicy { atomic_t refcnt; unsigned short mode; /* See MPOL_* above */ unsigned short flags; /* See set_mempolicy() MPOL_F_* above */ union { short preferred_node; /* preferred */ nodemask_t nodes; /* interleave/bind */ /* undefined for default */ } v; union { nodemask_t cpuset_mems_allowed; /* relative to these nodes */ nodemask_t user_nodemask; /* nodemask passed by user */ } w; }; /* * Support for managing mempolicy data objects (clone, copy, destroy) * The default fast path of a NULL MPOL_DEFAULT policy is always inlined. */ extern void __mpol_put(struct mempolicy *pol); static inline void mpol_put(struct mempolicy *pol) { if (pol) __mpol_put(pol); } /* * Does mempolicy pol need explicit unref after use? * Currently only needed for shared policies. */ static inline int mpol_needs_cond_ref(struct mempolicy *pol) { return (pol && (pol->flags & MPOL_F_SHARED)); } static inline void mpol_cond_put(struct mempolicy *pol) { if (mpol_needs_cond_ref(pol)) __mpol_put(pol); } extern struct mempolicy *__mpol_dup(struct mempolicy *pol); static inline struct mempolicy *mpol_dup(struct mempolicy *pol) { if (pol) pol = __mpol_dup(pol); return pol; } #define vma_policy(vma) ((vma)->vm_policy) static inline void mpol_get(struct mempolicy *pol) { if (pol) atomic_inc(&pol->refcnt); } extern bool __mpol_equal(struct mempolicy *a, struct mempolicy *b); static inline bool mpol_equal(struct mempolicy *a, struct mempolicy *b) { if (a == b) return true; return __mpol_equal(a, b); } /* * Tree of shared policies for a shared memory region. * Maintain the policies in a pseudo mm that contains vmas. The vmas * carry the policy. As a special twist the pseudo mm is indexed in pages, not * bytes, so that we can work with shared memory segments bigger than * unsigned long. */ struct sp_node { struct rb_node nd; unsigned long start, end; struct mempolicy *policy; }; struct shared_policy { struct rb_root root; rwlock_t lock; }; int vma_dup_policy(struct vm_area_struct *src, struct vm_area_struct *dst); void mpol_shared_policy_init(struct shared_policy *sp, struct mempolicy *mpol); int mpol_set_shared_policy(struct shared_policy *info, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mempolicy *new); void mpol_free_shared_policy(struct shared_policy *p); struct mempolicy *mpol_shared_policy_lookup(struct shared_policy *sp, unsigned long idx); struct mempolicy *get_task_policy(struct task_struct *p); struct mempolicy *__get_vma_policy(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr); bool vma_policy_mof(struct vm_area_struct *vma); extern void numa_default_policy(void); extern void numa_policy_init(void); extern void mpol_rebind_task(struct task_struct *tsk, const nodemask_t *new); extern void mpol_rebind_mm(struct mm_struct *mm, nodemask_t *new); extern int huge_node(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, gfp_t gfp_flags, struct mempolicy **mpol, nodemask_t **nodemask); extern bool init_nodemask_of_mempolicy(nodemask_t *mask); extern bool mempolicy_nodemask_intersects(struct task_struct *tsk, const nodemask_t *mask); extern nodemask_t *policy_nodemask(gfp_t gfp, struct mempolicy *policy); static inline nodemask_t *policy_nodemask_current(gfp_t gfp) { struct mempolicy *mpol = get_task_policy(current); return policy_nodemask(gfp, mpol); } extern unsigned int mempolicy_slab_node(void); extern enum zone_type policy_zone; static inline void check_highest_zone(enum zone_type k) { if (k > policy_zone && k != ZONE_MOVABLE) policy_zone = k; } int do_migrate_pages(struct mm_struct *mm, const nodemask_t *from, const nodemask_t *to, int flags); #ifdef CONFIG_TMPFS extern int mpol_parse_str(char *str, struct mempolicy **mpol); #endif extern void mpol_to_str(char *buffer, int maxlen, struct mempolicy *pol); /* Check if a vma is migratable */ extern bool vma_migratable(struct vm_area_struct *vma); extern int mpol_misplaced(struct page *, struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long); extern void mpol_put_task_policy(struct task_struct *); #else struct mempolicy {}; static inline bool mpol_equal(struct mempolicy *a, struct mempolicy *b) { return true; } static inline void mpol_put(struct mempolicy *p) { } static inline void mpol_cond_put(struct mempolicy *pol) { } static inline void mpol_get(struct mempolicy *pol) { } struct shared_policy {}; static inline void mpol_shared_policy_init(struct shared_policy *sp, struct mempolicy *mpol) { } static inline void mpol_free_shared_policy(struct shared_policy *p) { } static inline struct mempolicy * mpol_shared_policy_lookup(struct shared_policy *sp, unsigned long idx) { return NULL; } #define vma_policy(vma) NULL static inline int vma_dup_policy(struct vm_area_struct *src, struct vm_area_struct *dst) { return 0; } static inline void numa_policy_init(void) { } static inline void numa_default_policy(void) { } static inline void mpol_rebind_task(struct task_struct *tsk, const nodemask_t *new) { } static inline void mpol_rebind_mm(struct mm_struct *mm, nodemask_t *new) { } static inline int huge_node(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, gfp_t gfp_flags, struct mempolicy **mpol, nodemask_t **nodemask) { *mpol = NULL; *nodemask = NULL; return 0; } static inline bool init_nodemask_of_mempolicy(nodemask_t *m) { return false; } static inline int do_migrate_pages(struct mm_struct *mm, const nodemask_t *from, const nodemask_t *to, int flags) { return 0; } static inline void check_highest_zone(int k) { } #ifdef CONFIG_TMPFS static inline int mpol_parse_str(char *str, struct mempolicy **mpol) { return 1; /* error */ } #endif static inline int mpol_misplaced(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address) { return -1; /* no node preference */ } static inline void mpol_put_task_policy(struct task_struct *task) { } static inline nodemask_t *policy_nodemask_current(gfp_t gfp) { return NULL; } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA */ #endif
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2222 2223 2224 2225 2226 2227 2228 2229 2230 2231 2232 2233 2234 2235 2236 2237 2238 2239 2240 2241 2242 2243 2244 2245 2246 2247 2248 2249 2250 2251 2252 2253 2254 2255 2256 2257 2258 2259 2260 2261 2262 2263 2264 2265 2266 2267 2268 2269 2270 2271 2272 2273 2274 2275 2276 2277 2278 2279 2280 2281 2282 2283 2284 2285 2286 2287 2288 2289 2290 2291 2292 2293 2294 2295 2296 2297 2298 2299 2300 2301 2302 2303 2304 2305 2306 2307 2308 2309 2310 2311 2312 2313 2314 2315 2316 2317 2318 2319 2320 2321 2322 2323 2324 2325 2326 2327 2328 2329 2330 2331 2332 2333 2334 2335 2336 2337 2338 2339 2340 2341 2342 2343 2344 2345 2346 2347 2348 2349 2350 2351 2352 2353 2354 2355 2356 2357 2358 2359 2360 2361 2362 2363 2364 2365 2366 2367 2368 2369 2370 2371 2372 2373 2374 2375 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Definitions for the TCP module. * * Version: @(#)tcp.h 1.0.5 05/23/93 * * Authors: Ross Biro * Fred N. van Kempen, <waltje@uWalt.NL.Mugnet.ORG> */ #ifndef _TCP_H #define _TCP_H #define FASTRETRANS_DEBUG 1 #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/tcp.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/kref.h> #include <linux/ktime.h> #include <linux/indirect_call_wrapper.h> #include <net/inet_connection_sock.h> #include <net/inet_timewait_sock.h> #include <net/inet_hashtables.h> #include <net/checksum.h> #include <net/request_sock.h> #include <net/sock_reuseport.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <net/snmp.h> #include <net/ip.h> #include <net/tcp_states.h> #include <net/inet_ecn.h> #include <net/dst.h> #include <net/mptcp.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/bpf-cgroup.h> #include <linux/siphash.h> extern struct inet_hashinfo tcp_hashinfo; DECLARE_PER_CPU(unsigned int, tcp_orphan_count); int tcp_orphan_count_sum(void); void tcp_time_wait(struct sock *sk, int state, int timeo); #define MAX_TCP_HEADER L1_CACHE_ALIGN(128 + MAX_HEADER) #define MAX_TCP_OPTION_SPACE 40 #define TCP_MIN_SND_MSS 48 #define TCP_MIN_GSO_SIZE (TCP_MIN_SND_MSS - MAX_TCP_OPTION_SPACE) /* * Never offer a window over 32767 without using window scaling. Some * poor stacks do signed 16bit maths! */ #define MAX_TCP_WINDOW 32767U /* Minimal accepted MSS. It is (60+60+8) - (20+20). */ #define TCP_MIN_MSS 88U /* The initial MTU to use for probing */ #define TCP_BASE_MSS 1024 /* probing interval, default to 10 minutes as per RFC4821 */ #define TCP_PROBE_INTERVAL 600 /* Specify interval when tcp mtu probing will stop */ #define TCP_PROBE_THRESHOLD 8 /* After receiving this amount of duplicate ACKs fast retransmit starts. */ #define TCP_FASTRETRANS_THRESH 3 /* Maximal number of ACKs sent quickly to accelerate slow-start. */ #define TCP_MAX_QUICKACKS 16U /* Maximal number of window scale according to RFC1323 */ #define TCP_MAX_WSCALE 14U /* urg_data states */ #define TCP_URG_VALID 0x0100 #define TCP_URG_NOTYET 0x0200 #define TCP_URG_READ 0x0400 #define TCP_RETR1 3 /* * This is how many retries it does before it * tries to figure out if the gateway is * down. Minimal RFC value is 3; it corresponds * to ~3sec-8min depending on RTO. */ #define TCP_RETR2 15 /* * This should take at least * 90 minutes to time out. * RFC1122 says that the limit is 100 sec. * 15 is ~13-30min depending on RTO. */ #define TCP_SYN_RETRIES 6 /* This is how many retries are done * when active opening a connection. * RFC1122 says the minimum retry MUST * be at least 180secs. Nevertheless * this value is corresponding to * 63secs of retransmission with the * current initial RTO. */ #define TCP_SYNACK_RETRIES 5 /* This is how may retries are done * when passive opening a connection. * This is corresponding to 31secs of * retransmission with the current * initial RTO. */ #define TCP_TIMEWAIT_LEN (60*HZ) /* how long to wait to destroy TIME-WAIT * state, about 60 seconds */ #define TCP_FIN_TIMEOUT TCP_TIMEWAIT_LEN /* BSD style FIN_WAIT2 deadlock breaker. * It used to be 3min, new value is 60sec, * to combine FIN-WAIT-2 timeout with * TIME-WAIT timer. */ #define TCP_FIN_TIMEOUT_MAX (120 * HZ) /* max TCP_LINGER2 value (two minutes) */ #define TCP_DELACK_MAX ((unsigned)(HZ/5)) /* maximal time to delay before sending an ACK */ #if HZ >= 100 #define TCP_DELACK_MIN ((unsigned)(HZ/25)) /* minimal time to delay before sending an ACK */ #define TCP_ATO_MIN ((unsigned)(HZ/25)) #else #define TCP_DELACK_MIN 4U #define TCP_ATO_MIN 4U #endif #define TCP_RTO_MAX ((unsigned)(120*HZ)) #define TCP_RTO_MIN ((unsigned)(HZ/5)) #define TCP_TIMEOUT_MIN (2U) /* Min timeout for TCP timers in jiffies */ #define TCP_TIMEOUT_INIT ((unsigned)(1*HZ)) /* RFC6298 2.1 initial RTO value */ #define TCP_TIMEOUT_FALLBACK ((unsigned)(3*HZ)) /* RFC 1122 initial RTO value, now * used as a fallback RTO for the * initial data transmission if no * valid RTT sample has been acquired, * most likely due to retrans in 3WHS. */ #define TCP_RESOURCE_PROBE_INTERVAL ((unsigned)(HZ/2U)) /* Maximal interval between probes * for local resources. */ #define TCP_KEEPALIVE_TIME (120*60*HZ) /* two hours */ #define TCP_KEEPALIVE_PROBES 9 /* Max of 9 keepalive probes */ #define TCP_KEEPALIVE_INTVL (75*HZ) #define MAX_TCP_KEEPIDLE 32767 #define MAX_TCP_KEEPINTVL 32767 #define MAX_TCP_KEEPCNT 127 #define MAX_TCP_SYNCNT 127 #define TCP_SYNQ_INTERVAL (HZ/5) /* Period of SYNACK timer */ #define TCP_PAWS_24DAYS (60 * 60 * 24 * 24) #define TCP_PAWS_MSL 60 /* Per-host timestamps are invalidated * after this time. It should be equal * (or greater than) TCP_TIMEWAIT_LEN * to provide reliability equal to one * provided by timewait state. */ #define TCP_PAWS_WINDOW 1 /* Replay window for per-host * timestamps. It must be less than * minimal timewait lifetime. */ /* * TCP option */ #define TCPOPT_NOP 1 /* Padding */ #define TCPOPT_EOL 0 /* End of options */ #define TCPOPT_MSS 2 /* Segment size negotiating */ #define TCPOPT_WINDOW 3 /* Window scaling */ #define TCPOPT_SACK_PERM 4 /* SACK Permitted */ #define TCPOPT_SACK 5 /* SACK Block */ #define TCPOPT_TIMESTAMP 8 /* Better RTT estimations/PAWS */ #define TCPOPT_MD5SIG 19 /* MD5 Signature (RFC2385) */ #define TCPOPT_MPTCP 30 /* Multipath TCP (RFC6824) */ #define TCPOPT_FASTOPEN 34 /* Fast open (RFC7413) */ #define TCPOPT_EXP 254 /* Experimental */ /* Magic number to be after the option value for sharing TCP * experimental options. See draft-ietf-tcpm-experimental-options-00.txt */ #define TCPOPT_FASTOPEN_MAGIC 0xF989 #define TCPOPT_SMC_MAGIC 0xE2D4C3D9 /* * TCP option lengths */ #define TCPOLEN_MSS 4 #define TCPOLEN_WINDOW 3 #define TCPOLEN_SACK_PERM 2 #define TCPOLEN_TIMESTAMP 10 #define TCPOLEN_MD5SIG 18 #define TCPOLEN_FASTOPEN_BASE 2 #define TCPOLEN_EXP_FASTOPEN_BASE 4 #define TCPOLEN_EXP_SMC_BASE 6 /* But this is what stacks really send out. */ #define TCPOLEN_TSTAMP_ALIGNED 12 #define TCPOLEN_WSCALE_ALIGNED 4 #define TCPOLEN_SACKPERM_ALIGNED 4 #define TCPOLEN_SACK_BASE 2 #define TCPOLEN_SACK_BASE_ALIGNED 4 #define TCPOLEN_SACK_PERBLOCK 8 #define TCPOLEN_MD5SIG_ALIGNED 20 #define TCPOLEN_MSS_ALIGNED 4 #define TCPOLEN_EXP_SMC_BASE_ALIGNED 8 /* Flags in tp->nonagle */ #define TCP_NAGLE_OFF 1 /* Nagle's algo is disabled */ #define TCP_NAGLE_CORK 2 /* Socket is corked */ #define TCP_NAGLE_PUSH 4 /* Cork is overridden for already queued data */ /* TCP thin-stream limits */ #define TCP_THIN_LINEAR_RETRIES 6 /* After 6 linear retries, do exp. backoff */ /* TCP initial congestion window as per rfc6928 */ #define TCP_INIT_CWND 10 /* Bit Flags for sysctl_tcp_fastopen */ #define TFO_CLIENT_ENABLE 1 #define TFO_SERVER_ENABLE 2 #define TFO_CLIENT_NO_COOKIE 4 /* Data in SYN w/o cookie option */ /* Accept SYN data w/o any cookie option */ #define TFO_SERVER_COOKIE_NOT_REQD 0x200 /* Force enable TFO on all listeners, i.e., not requiring the * TCP_FASTOPEN socket option. */ #define TFO_SERVER_WO_SOCKOPT1 0x400 /* sysctl variables for tcp */ extern int sysctl_tcp_max_orphans; extern long sysctl_tcp_mem[3]; #define TCP_RACK_LOSS_DETECTION 0x1 /* Use RACK to detect losses */ #define TCP_RACK_STATIC_REO_WND 0x2 /* Use static RACK reo wnd */ #define TCP_RACK_NO_DUPTHRESH 0x4 /* Do not use DUPACK threshold in RACK */ extern atomic_long_t tcp_memory_allocated; extern struct percpu_counter tcp_sockets_allocated; extern unsigned long tcp_memory_pressure; /* optimized version of sk_under_memory_pressure() for TCP sockets */ static inline bool tcp_under_memory_pressure(const struct sock *sk) { if (mem_cgroup_sockets_enabled && sk->sk_memcg && mem_cgroup_under_socket_pressure(sk->sk_memcg)) return true; return READ_ONCE(tcp_memory_pressure); } /* * The next routines deal with comparing 32 bit unsigned ints * and worry about wraparound (automatic with unsigned arithmetic). */ static inline bool before(__u32 seq1, __u32 seq2) { return (__s32)(seq1-seq2) < 0; } #define after(seq2, seq1) before(seq1, seq2) /* is s2<=s1<=s3 ? */ static inline bool between(__u32 seq1, __u32 seq2, __u32 seq3) { return seq3 - seq2 >= seq1 - seq2; } static inline bool tcp_out_of_memory(struct sock *sk) { if (sk->sk_wmem_queued > SOCK_MIN_SNDBUF && sk_memory_allocated(sk) > sk_prot_mem_limits(sk, 2)) return true; return false; } void sk_forced_mem_schedule(struct sock *sk, int size); bool tcp_check_oom(struct sock *sk, int shift); extern struct proto tcp_prot; #define TCP_INC_STATS(net, field) SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.tcp_statistics, field) #define __TCP_INC_STATS(net, field) __SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.tcp_statistics, field) #define TCP_DEC_STATS(net, field) SNMP_DEC_STATS((net)->mib.tcp_statistics, field) #define TCP_ADD_STATS(net, field, val) SNMP_ADD_STATS((net)->mib.tcp_statistics, field, val) void tcp_tasklet_init(void); int tcp_v4_err(struct sk_buff *skb, u32); void tcp_shutdown(struct sock *sk, int how); int tcp_v4_early_demux(struct sk_buff *skb); int tcp_v4_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb); int tcp_v4_tw_remember_stamp(struct inet_timewait_sock *tw); int tcp_sendmsg(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, size_t size); int tcp_sendmsg_locked(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, size_t size); int tcp_sendpage(struct sock *sk, struct page *page, int offset, size_t size, int flags); int tcp_sendpage_locked(struct sock *sk, struct page *page, int offset, size_t size, int flags); ssize_t do_tcp_sendpages(struct sock *sk, struct page *page, int offset, size_t size, int flags); int tcp_send_mss(struct sock *sk, int *size_goal, int flags); void tcp_push(struct sock *sk, int flags, int mss_now, int nonagle, int size_goal); void tcp_release_cb(struct sock *sk); void tcp_wfree(struct sk_buff *skb); void tcp_write_timer_handler(struct sock *sk); void tcp_delack_timer_handler(struct sock *sk); int tcp_ioctl(struct sock *sk, int cmd, unsigned long arg); int tcp_rcv_state_process(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); void tcp_rcv_established(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); void tcp_rcv_space_adjust(struct sock *sk); int tcp_twsk_unique(struct sock *sk, struct sock *sktw, void *twp); void tcp_twsk_destructor(struct sock *sk); ssize_t tcp_splice_read(struct socket *sk, loff_t *ppos, struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, size_t len, unsigned int flags); void tcp_enter_quickack_mode(struct sock *sk, unsigned int max_quickacks); static inline void tcp_dec_quickack_mode(struct sock *sk, const unsigned int pkts) { struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk); if (icsk->icsk_ack.quick) { if (pkts >= icsk->icsk_ack.quick) { icsk->icsk_ack.quick = 0; /* Leaving quickack mode we deflate ATO. */ icsk->icsk_ack.ato = TCP_ATO_MIN; } else icsk->icsk_ack.quick -= pkts; } } #define TCP_ECN_OK 1 #define TCP_ECN_QUEUE_CWR 2 #define TCP_ECN_DEMAND_CWR 4 #define TCP_ECN_SEEN 8 enum tcp_tw_status { TCP_TW_SUCCESS = 0, TCP_TW_RST = 1, TCP_TW_ACK = 2, TCP_TW_SYN = 3 }; enum tcp_tw_status tcp_timewait_state_process(struct inet_timewait_sock *tw, struct sk_buff *skb, const struct tcphdr *th); struct sock *tcp_check_req(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct request_sock *req, bool fastopen, bool *lost_race); int tcp_child_process(struct sock *parent, struct sock *child, struct sk_buff *skb); void tcp_enter_loss(struct sock *sk); void tcp_cwnd_reduction(struct sock *sk, int newly_acked_sacked, int flag); void tcp_clear_retrans(struct tcp_sock *tp); void tcp_update_metrics(struct sock *sk); void tcp_init_metrics(struct sock *sk); void tcp_metrics_init(void); bool tcp_peer_is_proven(struct request_sock *req, struct dst_entry *dst); void tcp_close(struct sock *sk, long timeout); void tcp_init_sock(struct sock *sk); void tcp_init_transfer(struct sock *sk, int bpf_op, struct sk_buff *skb); __poll_t tcp_poll(struct file *file, struct socket *sock, struct poll_table_struct *wait); int tcp_getsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname, char __user *optval, int __user *optlen); int tcp_setsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname, sockptr_t optval, unsigned int optlen); void tcp_set_keepalive(struct sock *sk, int val); void tcp_syn_ack_timeout(const struct request_sock *req); int tcp_recvmsg(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, size_t len, int nonblock, int flags, int *addr_len); int tcp_set_rcvlowat(struct sock *sk, int val); void tcp_data_ready(struct sock *sk); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU int tcp_mmap(struct file *file, struct socket *sock, struct vm_area_struct *vma); #endif void tcp_parse_options(const struct net *net, const struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcp_options_received *opt_rx, int estab, struct tcp_fastopen_cookie *foc); const u8 *tcp_parse_md5sig_option(const struct tcphdr *th); /* * BPF SKB-less helpers */ u16 tcp_v4_get_syncookie(struct sock *sk, struct iphdr *iph, struct tcphdr *th, u32 *cookie); u16 tcp_v6_get_syncookie(struct sock *sk, struct ipv6hdr *iph, struct tcphdr *th, u32 *cookie); u16 tcp_get_syncookie_mss(struct request_sock_ops *rsk_ops, const struct tcp_request_sock_ops *af_ops, struct sock *sk, struct tcphdr *th); /* * TCP v4 functions exported for the inet6 API */ void tcp_v4_send_check(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); void tcp_v4_mtu_reduced(struct sock *sk); void tcp_req_err(struct sock *sk, u32 seq, bool abort); void tcp_ld_RTO_revert(struct sock *sk, u32 seq); int tcp_v4_conn_request(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); struct sock *tcp_create_openreq_child(const struct sock *sk, struct request_sock *req, struct sk_buff *skb); void tcp_ca_openreq_child(struct sock *sk, const struct dst_entry *dst); struct sock *tcp_v4_syn_recv_sock(const struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct request_sock *req, struct dst_entry *dst, struct request_sock *req_unhash, bool *own_req); int tcp_v4_do_rcv(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int tcp_v4_connect(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len); int tcp_connect(struct sock *sk); enum tcp_synack_type { TCP_SYNACK_NORMAL, TCP_SYNACK_FASTOPEN, TCP_SYNACK_COOKIE, }; struct sk_buff *tcp_make_synack(const struct sock *sk, struct dst_entry *dst, struct request_sock *req, struct tcp_fastopen_cookie *foc, enum tcp_synack_type synack_type, struct sk_buff *syn_skb); int tcp_disconnect(struct sock *sk, int flags); void tcp_finish_connect(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int tcp_send_rcvq(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, size_t size); void inet_sk_rx_dst_set(struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb); /* From syncookies.c */ struct sock *tcp_get_cookie_sock(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct request_sock *req, struct dst_entry *dst, u32 tsoff); int __cookie_v4_check(const struct iphdr *iph, const struct tcphdr *th, u32 cookie); struct sock *cookie_v4_check(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); struct request_sock *cookie_tcp_reqsk_alloc(const struct request_sock_ops *ops, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); #ifdef CONFIG_SYN_COOKIES /* Syncookies use a monotonic timer which increments every 60 seconds. * This counter is used both as a hash input and partially encoded into * the cookie value. A cookie is only validated further if the delta * between the current counter value and the encoded one is less than this, * i.e. a sent cookie is valid only at most for 2*60 seconds (or less if * the counter advances immediately after a cookie is generated). */ #define MAX_SYNCOOKIE_AGE 2 #define TCP_SYNCOOKIE_PERIOD (60 * HZ) #define TCP_SYNCOOKIE_VALID (MAX_SYNCOOKIE_AGE * TCP_SYNCOOKIE_PERIOD) /* syncookies: remember time of last synqueue overflow * But do not dirty this field too often (once per second is enough) * It is racy as we do not hold a lock, but race is very minor. */ static inline void tcp_synq_overflow(const struct sock *sk) { unsigned int last_overflow; unsigned int now = jiffies; if (sk->sk_reuseport) { struct sock_reuseport *reuse; reuse = rcu_dereference(sk->sk_reuseport_cb); if (likely(reuse)) { last_overflow = READ_ONCE(reuse->synq_overflow_ts); if (!time_between32(now, last_overflow, last_overflow + HZ)) WRITE_ONCE(reuse->synq_overflow_ts, now); return; } } last_overflow = READ_ONCE(tcp_sk(sk)->rx_opt.ts_recent_stamp); if (!time_between32(now, last_overflow, last_overflow + HZ)) WRITE_ONCE(tcp_sk(sk)->rx_opt.ts_recent_stamp, now); } /* syncookies: no recent synqueue overflow on this listening socket? */ static inline bool tcp_synq_no_recent_overflow(const struct sock *sk) { unsigned int last_overflow; unsigned int now = jiffies; if (sk->sk_reuseport) { struct sock_reuseport *reuse; reuse = rcu_dereference(sk->sk_reuseport_cb); if (likely(reuse)) { last_overflow = READ_ONCE(reuse->synq_overflow_ts); return !time_between32(now, last_overflow - HZ, last_overflow + TCP_SYNCOOKIE_VALID); } } last_overflow = READ_ONCE(tcp_sk(sk)->rx_opt.ts_recent_stamp); /* If last_overflow <= jiffies <= last_overflow + TCP_SYNCOOKIE_VALID, * then we're under synflood. However, we have to use * 'last_overflow - HZ' as lower bound. That's because a concurrent * tcp_synq_overflow() could update .ts_recent_stamp after we read * jiffies but before we store .ts_recent_stamp into last_overflow, * which could lead to rejecting a valid syncookie. */ return !time_between32(now, last_overflow - HZ, last_overflow + TCP_SYNCOOKIE_VALID); } static inline u32 tcp_cookie_time(void) { u64 val = get_jiffies_64(); do_div(val, TCP_SYNCOOKIE_PERIOD); return val; } u32 __cookie_v4_init_sequence(const struct iphdr *iph, const struct tcphdr *th, u16 *mssp); __u32 cookie_v4_init_sequence(const struct sk_buff *skb, __u16 *mss); u64 cookie_init_timestamp(struct request_sock *req, u64 now); bool cookie_timestamp_decode(const struct net *net, struct tcp_options_received *opt); bool cookie_ecn_ok(const struct tcp_options_received *opt, const struct net *net, const struct dst_entry *dst); /* From net/ipv6/syncookies.c */ int __cookie_v6_check(const struct ipv6hdr *iph, const struct tcphdr *th, u32 cookie); struct sock *cookie_v6_check(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); u32 __cookie_v6_init_sequence(const struct ipv6hdr *iph, const struct tcphdr *th, u16 *mssp); __u32 cookie_v6_init_sequence(const struct sk_buff *skb, __u16 *mss); #endif /* tcp_output.c */ void __tcp_push_pending_frames(struct sock *sk, unsigned int cur_mss, int nonagle); int __tcp_retransmit_skb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int segs); int tcp_retransmit_skb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int segs); void tcp_retransmit_timer(struct sock *sk); void tcp_xmit_retransmit_queue(struct sock *); void tcp_simple_retransmit(struct sock *); void tcp_enter_recovery(struct sock *sk, bool ece_ack); int tcp_trim_head(struct sock *, struct sk_buff *, u32); enum tcp_queue { TCP_FRAG_IN_WRITE_QUEUE, TCP_FRAG_IN_RTX_QUEUE, }; int tcp_fragment(struct sock *sk, enum tcp_queue tcp_queue, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 len, unsigned int mss_now, gfp_t gfp); void tcp_send_probe0(struct sock *); void tcp_send_partial(struct sock *); int tcp_write_wakeup(struct sock *, int mib); void tcp_send_fin(struct sock *sk); void tcp_send_active_reset(struct sock *sk, gfp_t priority); int tcp_send_synack(struct sock *); void tcp_push_one(struct sock *, unsigned int mss_now); void __tcp_send_ack(struct sock *sk, u32 rcv_nxt); void tcp_send_ack(struct sock *sk); void tcp_send_delayed_ack(struct sock *sk); void tcp_send_loss_probe(struct sock *sk); bool tcp_schedule_loss_probe(struct sock *sk, bool advancing_rto); void tcp_skb_collapse_tstamp(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct sk_buff *next_skb); /* tcp_input.c */ void tcp_rearm_rto(struct sock *sk); void tcp_synack_rtt_meas(struct sock *sk, struct request_sock *req); void tcp_reset(struct sock *sk); void tcp_skb_mark_lost_uncond_verify(struct tcp_sock *tp, struct sk_buff *skb); void tcp_fin(struct sock *sk); /* tcp_timer.c */ void tcp_init_xmit_timers(struct sock *); static inline void tcp_clear_xmit_timers(struct sock *sk) { if (hrtimer_try_to_cancel(&tcp_sk(sk)->pacing_timer) == 1) __sock_put(sk); if (hrtimer_try_to_cancel(&tcp_sk(sk)->compressed_ack_timer) == 1) __sock_put(sk); inet_csk_clear_xmit_timers(sk); } unsigned int tcp_sync_mss(struct sock *sk, u32 pmtu); unsigned int tcp_current_mss(struct sock *sk); u32 tcp_clamp_probe0_to_user_timeout(const struct sock *sk, u32 when); /* Bound MSS / TSO packet size with the half of the window */ static inline int tcp_bound_to_half_wnd(struct tcp_sock *tp, int pktsize) { int cutoff; /* When peer uses tiny windows, there is no use in packetizing * to sub-MSS pieces for the sake of SWS or making sure there * are enough packets in the pipe for fast recovery. * * On the other hand, for extremely large MSS devices, handling * smaller than MSS windows in this way does make sense. */ if (tp->max_window > TCP_MSS_DEFAULT) cutoff = (tp->max_window >> 1); else cutoff = tp->max_window; if (cutoff && pktsize > cutoff) return max_t(int, cutoff, 68U - tp->tcp_header_len); else return pktsize; } /* tcp.c */ void tcp_get_info(struct sock *, struct tcp_info *); /* Read 'sendfile()'-style from a TCP socket */ int tcp_read_sock(struct sock *sk, read_descriptor_t *desc, sk_read_actor_t recv_actor); void tcp_initialize_rcv_mss(struct sock *sk); int tcp_mtu_to_mss(struct sock *sk, int pmtu); int tcp_mss_to_mtu(struct sock *sk, int mss); void tcp_mtup_init(struct sock *sk); static inline void tcp_bound_rto(const struct sock *sk) { if (inet_csk(sk)->icsk_rto > TCP_RTO_MAX) inet_csk(sk)->icsk_rto = TCP_RTO_MAX; } static inline u32 __tcp_set_rto(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { return usecs_to_jiffies((tp->srtt_us >> 3) + tp->rttvar_us); } static inline void __tcp_fast_path_on(struct tcp_sock *tp, u32 snd_wnd) { /* mptcp hooks are only on the slow path */ if (sk_is_mptcp((struct sock *)tp)) return; tp->pred_flags = htonl((tp->tcp_header_len << 26) | ntohl(TCP_FLAG_ACK) | snd_wnd); } static inline void tcp_fast_path_on(struct tcp_sock *tp) { __tcp_fast_path_on(tp, tp->snd_wnd >> tp->rx_opt.snd_wscale); } static inline void tcp_fast_path_check(struct sock *sk) { struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk); if (RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&tp->out_of_order_queue) && tp->rcv_wnd && atomic_read(&sk->sk_rmem_alloc) < sk->sk_rcvbuf && !tp->urg_data) tcp_fast_path_on(tp); } /* Compute the actual rto_min value */ static inline u32 tcp_rto_min(struct sock *sk) { const struct dst_entry *dst = __sk_dst_get(sk); u32 rto_min = inet_csk(sk)->icsk_rto_min; if (dst && dst_metric_locked(dst, RTAX_RTO_MIN)) rto_min = dst_metric_rtt(dst, RTAX_RTO_MIN); return rto_min; } static inline u32 tcp_rto_min_us(struct sock *sk) { return jiffies_to_usecs(tcp_rto_min(sk)); } static inline bool tcp_ca_dst_locked(const struct dst_entry *dst) { return dst_metric_locked(dst, RTAX_CC_ALGO); } /* Minimum RTT in usec. ~0 means not available. */ static inline u32 tcp_min_rtt(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { return minmax_get(&tp->rtt_min); } /* Compute the actual receive window we are currently advertising. * Rcv_nxt can be after the window if our peer push more data * than the offered window. */ static inline u32 tcp_receive_window(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { s32 win = tp->rcv_wup + tp->rcv_wnd - tp->rcv_nxt; if (win < 0) win = 0; return (u32) win; } /* Choose a new window, without checks for shrinking, and without * scaling applied to the result. The caller does these things * if necessary. This is a "raw" window selection. */ u32 __tcp_select_window(struct sock *sk); void tcp_send_window_probe(struct sock *sk); /* TCP uses 32bit jiffies to save some space. * Note that this is different from tcp_time_stamp, which * historically has been the same until linux-4.13. */ #define tcp_jiffies32 ((u32)jiffies) /* * Deliver a 32bit value for TCP timestamp option (RFC 7323) * It is no longer tied to jiffies, but to 1 ms clock. * Note: double check if you want to use tcp_jiffies32 instead of this. */ #define TCP_TS_HZ 1000 static inline u64 tcp_clock_ns(void) { return ktime_get_ns(); } static inline u64 tcp_clock_us(void) { return div_u64(tcp_clock_ns(), NSEC_PER_USEC); } /* This should only be used in contexts where tp->tcp_mstamp is up to date */ static inline u32 tcp_time_stamp(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { return div_u64(tp->tcp_mstamp, USEC_PER_SEC / TCP_TS_HZ); } /* Convert a nsec timestamp into TCP TSval timestamp (ms based currently) */ static inline u32 tcp_ns_to_ts(u64 ns) { return div_u64(ns, NSEC_PER_SEC / TCP_TS_HZ); } /* Could use tcp_clock_us() / 1000, but this version uses a single divide */ static inline u32 tcp_time_stamp_raw(void) { return tcp_ns_to_ts(tcp_clock_ns()); } void tcp_mstamp_refresh(struct tcp_sock *tp); static inline u32 tcp_stamp_us_delta(u64 t1, u64 t0) { return max_t(s64, t1 - t0, 0); } static inline u32 tcp_skb_timestamp(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return tcp_ns_to_ts(skb->skb_mstamp_ns); } /* provide the departure time in us unit */ static inline u64 tcp_skb_timestamp_us(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return div_u64(skb->skb_mstamp_ns, NSEC_PER_USEC); } #define tcp_flag_byte(th) (((u_int8_t *)th)[13]) #define TCPHDR_FIN 0x01 #define TCPHDR_SYN 0x02 #define TCPHDR_RST 0x04 #define TCPHDR_PSH 0x08 #define TCPHDR_ACK 0x10 #define TCPHDR_URG 0x20 #define TCPHDR_ECE 0x40 #define TCPHDR_CWR 0x80 #define TCPHDR_SYN_ECN (TCPHDR_SYN | TCPHDR_ECE | TCPHDR_CWR) /* This is what the send packet queuing engine uses to pass * TCP per-packet control information to the transmission code. * We also store the host-order sequence numbers in here too. * This is 44 bytes if IPV6 is enabled. * If this grows please adjust skbuff.h:skbuff->cb[xxx] size appropriately. */ struct tcp_skb_cb { __u32 seq; /* Starting sequence number */ __u32 end_seq; /* SEQ + FIN + SYN + datalen */ union { /* Note : tcp_tw_isn is used in input path only * (isn chosen by tcp_timewait_state_process()) * * tcp_gso_segs/size are used in write queue only, * cf tcp_skb_pcount()/tcp_skb_mss() */ __u32 tcp_tw_isn; struct { u16 tcp_gso_segs; u16 tcp_gso_size; }; }; __u8 tcp_flags; /* TCP header flags. (tcp[13]) */ __u8 sacked; /* State flags for SACK. */ #define TCPCB_SACKED_ACKED 0x01 /* SKB ACK'd by a SACK block */ #define TCPCB_SACKED_RETRANS 0x02 /* SKB retransmitted */ #define TCPCB_LOST 0x04 /* SKB is lost */ #define TCPCB_TAGBITS 0x07 /* All tag bits */ #define TCPCB_REPAIRED 0x10 /* SKB repaired (no skb_mstamp_ns) */ #define TCPCB_EVER_RETRANS 0x80 /* Ever retransmitted frame */ #define TCPCB_RETRANS (TCPCB_SACKED_RETRANS|TCPCB_EVER_RETRANS| \ TCPCB_REPAIRED) __u8 ip_dsfield; /* IPv4 tos or IPv6 dsfield */ __u8 txstamp_ack:1, /* Record TX timestamp for ack? */ eor:1, /* Is skb MSG_EOR marked? */ has_rxtstamp:1, /* SKB has a RX timestamp */ unused:5; __u32 ack_seq; /* Sequence number ACK'd */ union { struct { /* There is space for up to 24 bytes */ __u32 in_flight:30,/* Bytes in flight at transmit */ is_app_limited:1, /* cwnd not fully used? */ unused:1; /* pkts S/ACKed so far upon tx of skb, incl retrans: */ __u32 delivered; /* start of send pipeline phase */ u64 first_tx_mstamp; /* when we reached the "delivered" count */ u64 delivered_mstamp; } tx; /* only used for outgoing skbs */ union { struct inet_skb_parm h4; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) struct inet6_skb_parm h6; #endif } header; /* For incoming skbs */ struct { __u32 flags; struct sock *sk_redir; void *data_end; } bpf; }; }; #define TCP_SKB_CB(__skb) ((struct tcp_skb_cb *)&((__skb)->cb[0])) static inline void bpf_compute_data_end_sk_skb(struct sk_buff *skb) { TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->bpf.data_end = skb->data + skb_headlen(skb); } static inline bool tcp_skb_bpf_ingress(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->bpf.flags & BPF_F_INGRESS; } static inline struct sock *tcp_skb_bpf_redirect_fetch(struct sk_buff *skb) { return TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->bpf.sk_redir; } static inline void tcp_skb_bpf_redirect_clear(struct sk_buff *skb) { TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->bpf.sk_redir = NULL; } extern const struct inet_connection_sock_af_ops ipv4_specific; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) /* This is the variant of inet6_iif() that must be used by TCP, * as TCP moves IP6CB into a different location in skb->cb[] */ static inline int tcp_v6_iif(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->header.h6.iif; } static inline int tcp_v6_iif_l3_slave(const struct sk_buff *skb) { bool l3_slave = ipv6_l3mdev_skb(TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->header.h6.flags); return l3_slave ? skb->skb_iif : TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->header.h6.iif; } /* TCP_SKB_CB reference means this can not be used from early demux */ static inline int tcp_v6_sdif(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_L3_MASTER_DEV) if (skb && ipv6_l3mdev_skb(TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->header.h6.flags)) return TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->header.h6.iif; #endif return 0; } extern const struct inet_connection_sock_af_ops ipv6_specific; INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(void tcp_v6_send_check(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(int tcp_v6_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(void tcp_v6_early_demux(struct sk_buff *skb)); #endif /* TCP_SKB_CB reference means this can not be used from early demux */ static inline int tcp_v4_sdif(struct sk_buff *skb) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_L3_MASTER_DEV) if (skb && ipv4_l3mdev_skb(TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->header.h4.flags)) return TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->header.h4.iif; #endif return 0; } /* Due to TSO, an SKB can be composed of multiple actual * packets. To keep these tracked properly, we use this. */ static inline int tcp_skb_pcount(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->tcp_gso_segs; } static inline void tcp_skb_pcount_set(struct sk_buff *skb, int segs) { TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->tcp_gso_segs = segs; } static inline void tcp_skb_pcount_add(struct sk_buff *skb, int segs) { TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->tcp_gso_segs += segs; } /* This is valid iff skb is in write queue and tcp_skb_pcount() > 1. */ static inline int tcp_skb_mss(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->tcp_gso_size; } static inline bool tcp_skb_can_collapse_to(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return likely(!TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->eor); } static inline bool tcp_skb_can_collapse(const struct sk_buff *to, const struct sk_buff *from) { return likely(tcp_skb_can_collapse_to(to) && mptcp_skb_can_collapse(to, from)); } /* Events passed to congestion control interface */ enum tcp_ca_event { CA_EVENT_TX_START, /* first transmit when no packets in flight */ CA_EVENT_CWND_RESTART, /* congestion window restart */ CA_EVENT_COMPLETE_CWR, /* end of congestion recovery */ CA_EVENT_LOSS, /* loss timeout */ CA_EVENT_ECN_NO_CE, /* ECT set, but not CE marked */ CA_EVENT_ECN_IS_CE, /* received CE marked IP packet */ }; /* Information about inbound ACK, passed to cong_ops->in_ack_event() */ enum tcp_ca_ack_event_flags { CA_ACK_SLOWPATH = (1 << 0), /* In slow path processing */ CA_ACK_WIN_UPDATE = (1 << 1), /* ACK updated window */ CA_ACK_ECE = (1 << 2), /* ECE bit is set on ack */ }; /* * Interface for adding new TCP congestion control handlers */ #define TCP_CA_NAME_MAX 16 #define TCP_CA_MAX 128 #define TCP_CA_BUF_MAX (TCP_CA_NAME_MAX*TCP_CA_MAX) #define TCP_CA_UNSPEC 0 /* Algorithm can be set on socket without CAP_NET_ADMIN privileges */ #define TCP_CONG_NON_RESTRICTED 0x1 /* Requires ECN/ECT set on all packets */ #define TCP_CONG_NEEDS_ECN 0x2 #define TCP_CONG_MASK (TCP_CONG_NON_RESTRICTED | TCP_CONG_NEEDS_ECN) union tcp_cc_info; struct ack_sample { u32 pkts_acked; s32 rtt_us; u32 in_flight; }; /* A rate sample measures the number of (original/retransmitted) data * packets delivered "delivered" over an interval of time "interval_us". * The tcp_rate.c code fills in the rate sample, and congestion * control modules that define a cong_control function to run at the end * of ACK processing can optionally chose to consult this sample when * setting cwnd and pacing rate. * A sample is invalid if "delivered" or "interval_us" is negative. */ struct rate_sample { u64 prior_mstamp; /* starting timestamp for interval */ u32 prior_delivered; /* tp->delivered at "prior_mstamp" */ s32 delivered; /* number of packets delivered over interval */ long interval_us; /* time for tp->delivered to incr "delivered" */ u32 snd_interval_us; /* snd interval for delivered packets */ u32 rcv_interval_us; /* rcv interval for delivered packets */ long rtt_us; /* RTT of last (S)ACKed packet (or -1) */ int losses; /* number of packets marked lost upon ACK */ u32 acked_sacked; /* number of packets newly (S)ACKed upon ACK */ u32 prior_in_flight; /* in flight before this ACK */ bool is_app_limited; /* is sample from packet with bubble in pipe? */ bool is_retrans; /* is sample from retransmission? */ bool is_ack_delayed; /* is this (likely) a delayed ACK? */ }; struct tcp_congestion_ops { struct list_head list; u32 key; u32 flags; /* initialize private data (optional) */ void (*init)(struct sock *sk); /* cleanup private data (optional) */ void (*release)(struct sock *sk); /* return slow start threshold (required) */ u32 (*ssthresh)(struct sock *sk); /* do new cwnd calculation (required) */ void (*cong_avoid)(struct sock *sk, u32 ack, u32 acked); /* call before changing ca_state (optional) */ void (*set_state)(struct sock *sk, u8 new_state); /* call when cwnd event occurs (optional) */ void (*cwnd_event)(struct sock *sk, enum tcp_ca_event ev); /* call when ack arrives (optional) */ void (*in_ack_event)(struct sock *sk, u32 flags); /* new value of cwnd after loss (required) */ u32 (*undo_cwnd)(struct sock *sk); /* hook for packet ack accounting (optional) */ void (*pkts_acked)(struct sock *sk, const struct ack_sample *sample); /* override sysctl_tcp_min_tso_segs */ u32 (*min_tso_segs)(struct sock *sk); /* returns the multiplier used in tcp_sndbuf_expand (optional) */ u32 (*sndbuf_expand)(struct sock *sk); /* call when packets are delivered to update cwnd and pacing rate, * after all the ca_state processing. (optional) */ void (*cong_control)(struct sock *sk, const struct rate_sample *rs); /* get info for inet_diag (optional) */ size_t (*get_info)(struct sock *sk, u32 ext, int *attr, union tcp_cc_info *info); char name[TCP_CA_NAME_MAX]; struct module *owner; }; int tcp_register_congestion_control(struct tcp_congestion_ops *type); void tcp_unregister_congestion_control(struct tcp_congestion_ops *type); void tcp_assign_congestion_control(struct sock *sk); void tcp_init_congestion_control(struct sock *sk); void tcp_cleanup_congestion_control(struct sock *sk); int tcp_set_default_congestion_control(struct net *net, const char *name); void tcp_get_default_congestion_control(struct net *net, char *name); void tcp_get_available_congestion_control(char *buf, size_t len); void tcp_get_allowed_congestion_control(char *buf, size_t len); int tcp_set_allowed_congestion_control(char *allowed); int tcp_set_congestion_control(struct sock *sk, const char *name, bool load, bool cap_net_admin); u32 tcp_slow_start(struct tcp_sock *tp, u32 acked); void tcp_cong_avoid_ai(struct tcp_sock *tp, u32 w, u32 acked); u32 tcp_reno_ssthresh(struct sock *sk); u32 tcp_reno_undo_cwnd(struct sock *sk); void tcp_reno_cong_avoid(struct sock *sk, u32 ack, u32 acked); extern struct tcp_congestion_ops tcp_reno; struct tcp_congestion_ops *tcp_ca_find(const char *name); struct tcp_congestion_ops *tcp_ca_find_key(u32 key); u32 tcp_ca_get_key_by_name(struct net *net, const char *name, bool *ecn_ca); #ifdef CONFIG_INET char *tcp_ca_get_name_by_key(u32 key, char *buffer); #else static inline char *tcp_ca_get_name_by_key(u32 key, char *buffer) { return NULL; } #endif static inline bool tcp_ca_needs_ecn(const struct sock *sk) { const struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk); return icsk->icsk_ca_ops->flags & TCP_CONG_NEEDS_ECN; } static inline void tcp_set_ca_state(struct sock *sk, const u8 ca_state) { struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk); if (icsk->icsk_ca_ops->set_state) icsk->icsk_ca_ops->set_state(sk, ca_state); icsk->icsk_ca_state = ca_state; } static inline void tcp_ca_event(struct sock *sk, const enum tcp_ca_event event) { const struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk); if (icsk->icsk_ca_ops->cwnd_event) icsk->icsk_ca_ops->cwnd_event(sk, event); } /* From tcp_rate.c */ void tcp_rate_skb_sent(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); void tcp_rate_skb_delivered(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct rate_sample *rs); void tcp_rate_gen(struct sock *sk, u32 delivered, u32 lost, bool is_sack_reneg, struct rate_sample *rs); void tcp_rate_check_app_limited(struct sock *sk); /* These functions determine how the current flow behaves in respect of SACK * handling. SACK is negotiated with the peer, and therefore it can vary * between different flows. * * tcp_is_sack - SACK enabled * tcp_is_reno - No SACK */ static inline int tcp_is_sack(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { return likely(tp->rx_opt.sack_ok); } static inline bool tcp_is_reno(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { return !tcp_is_sack(tp); } static inline unsigned int tcp_left_out(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { return tp->sacked_out + tp->lost_out; } /* This determines how many packets are "in the network" to the best * of our knowledge. In many cases it is conservative, but where * detailed information is available from the receiver (via SACK * blocks etc.) we can make more aggressive calculations. * * Use this for decisions involving congestion control, use just * tp->packets_out to determine if the send queue is empty or not. * * Read this equation as: * * "Packets sent once on transmission queue" MINUS * "Packets left network, but not honestly ACKed yet" PLUS * "Packets fast retransmitted" */ static inline unsigned int tcp_packets_in_flight(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { return tp->packets_out - tcp_left_out(tp) + tp->retrans_out; } #define TCP_INFINITE_SSTHRESH 0x7fffffff static inline bool tcp_in_slow_start(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { return tp->snd_cwnd < tp->snd_ssthresh; } static inline bool tcp_in_initial_slowstart(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { return tp->snd_ssthresh >= TCP_INFINITE_SSTHRESH; } static inline bool tcp_in_cwnd_reduction(const struct sock *sk) { return (TCPF_CA_CWR | TCPF_CA_Recovery) & (1 << inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ca_state); } /* If cwnd > ssthresh, we may raise ssthresh to be half-way to cwnd. * The exception is cwnd reduction phase, when cwnd is decreasing towards * ssthresh. */ static inline __u32 tcp_current_ssthresh(const struct sock *sk) { const struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk); if (tcp_in_cwnd_reduction(sk)) return tp->snd_ssthresh; else return max(tp->snd_ssthresh, ((tp->snd_cwnd >> 1) + (tp->snd_cwnd >> 2))); } /* Use define here intentionally to get WARN_ON location shown at the caller */ #define tcp_verify_left_out(tp) WARN_ON(tcp_left_out(tp) > tp->packets_out) void tcp_enter_cwr(struct sock *sk); __u32 tcp_init_cwnd(const struct tcp_sock *tp, const struct dst_entry *dst); /* The maximum number of MSS of available cwnd for which TSO defers * sending if not using sysctl_tcp_tso_win_divisor. */ static inline __u32 tcp_max_tso_deferred_mss(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { return 3; } /* Returns end sequence number of the receiver's advertised window */ static inline u32 tcp_wnd_end(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { return tp->snd_una + tp->snd_wnd; } /* We follow the spirit of RFC2861 to validate cwnd but implement a more * flexible approach. The RFC suggests cwnd should not be raised unless * it was fully used previously. And that's exactly what we do in * congestion avoidance mode. But in slow start we allow cwnd to grow * as long as the application has used half the cwnd. * Example : * cwnd is 10 (IW10), but application sends 9 frames. * We allow cwnd to reach 18 when all frames are ACKed. * This check is safe because it's as aggressive as slow start which already * risks 100% overshoot. The advantage is that we discourage application to * either send more filler packets or data to artificially blow up the cwnd * usage, and allow application-limited process to probe bw more aggressively. */ static inline bool tcp_is_cwnd_limited(const struct sock *sk) { const struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk); /* If in slow start, ensure cwnd grows to twice what was ACKed. */ if (tcp_in_slow_start(tp)) return tp->snd_cwnd < 2 * tp->max_packets_out; return tp->is_cwnd_limited; } /* BBR congestion control needs pacing. * Same remark for SO_MAX_PACING_RATE. * sch_fq packet scheduler is efficiently handling pacing, * but is not always installed/used. * Return true if TCP stack should pace packets itself. */ static inline bool tcp_needs_internal_pacing(const struct sock *sk) { return smp_load_acquire(&sk->sk_pacing_status) == SK_PACING_NEEDED; } /* Estimates in how many jiffies next packet for this flow can be sent. * Scheduling a retransmit timer too early would be silly. */ static inline unsigned long tcp_pacing_delay(const struct sock *sk) { s64 delay = tcp_sk(sk)->tcp_wstamp_ns - tcp_sk(sk)->tcp_clock_cache; return delay > 0 ? nsecs_to_jiffies(delay) : 0; } static inline void tcp_reset_xmit_timer(struct sock *sk, const int what, unsigned long when, const unsigned long max_when) { inet_csk_reset_xmit_timer(sk, what, when + tcp_pacing_delay(sk), max_when); } /* Something is really bad, we could not queue an additional packet, * because qdisc is full or receiver sent a 0 window, or we are paced. * We do not want to add fuel to the fire, or abort too early, * so make sure the timer we arm now is at least 200ms in the future, * regardless of current icsk_rto value (as it could be ~2ms) */ static inline unsigned long tcp_probe0_base(const struct sock *sk) { return max_t(unsigned long, inet_csk(sk)->icsk_rto, TCP_RTO_MIN); } /* Variant of inet_csk_rto_backoff() used for zero window probes */ static inline unsigned long tcp_probe0_when(const struct sock *sk, unsigned long max_when) { u64 when = (u64)tcp_probe0_base(sk) << inet_csk(sk)->icsk_backoff; return (unsigned long)min_t(u64, when, max_when); } static inline void tcp_check_probe_timer(struct sock *sk) { if (!tcp_sk(sk)->packets_out && !inet_csk(sk)->icsk_pending) tcp_reset_xmit_timer(sk, ICSK_TIME_PROBE0, tcp_probe0_base(sk), TCP_RTO_MAX); } static inline void tcp_init_wl(struct tcp_sock *tp, u32 seq) { tp->snd_wl1 = seq; } static inline void tcp_update_wl(struct tcp_sock *tp, u32 seq) { tp->snd_wl1 = seq; } /* * Calculate(/check) TCP checksum */ static inline __sum16 tcp_v4_check(int len, __be32 saddr, __be32 daddr, __wsum base) { return csum_tcpudp_magic(saddr, daddr, len, IPPROTO_TCP, base); } static inline bool tcp_checksum_complete(struct sk_buff *skb) { return !skb_csum_unnecessary(skb) && __skb_checksum_complete(skb); } bool tcp_add_backlog(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int tcp_filter(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); void tcp_set_state(struct sock *sk, int state); void tcp_done(struct sock *sk); int tcp_abort(struct sock *sk, int err); static inline void tcp_sack_reset(struct tcp_options_received *rx_opt) { rx_opt->dsack = 0; rx_opt->num_sacks = 0; } void tcp_cwnd_restart(struct sock *sk, s32 delta); static inline void tcp_slow_start_after_idle_check(struct sock *sk) { const struct tcp_congestion_ops *ca_ops = inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ca_ops; struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk); s32 delta; if (!sock_net(sk)->ipv4.sysctl_tcp_slow_start_after_idle || tp->packets_out || ca_ops->cong_control) return; delta = tcp_jiffies32 - tp->lsndtime; if (delta > inet_csk(sk)->icsk_rto) tcp_cwnd_restart(sk, delta); } /* Determine a window scaling and initial window to offer. */ void tcp_select_initial_window(const struct sock *sk, int __space, __u32 mss, __u32 *rcv_wnd, __u32 *window_clamp, int wscale_ok, __u8 *rcv_wscale, __u32 init_rcv_wnd); static inline int tcp_win_from_space(const struct sock *sk, int space) { int tcp_adv_win_scale = sock_net(sk)->ipv4.sysctl_tcp_adv_win_scale; return tcp_adv_win_scale <= 0 ? (space>>(-tcp_adv_win_scale)) : space - (space>>tcp_adv_win_scale); } /* Note: caller must be prepared to deal with negative returns */ static inline int tcp_space(const struct sock *sk) { return tcp_win_from_space(sk, READ_ONCE(sk->sk_rcvbuf) - READ_ONCE(sk->sk_backlog.len) - atomic_read(&sk->sk_rmem_alloc)); } static inline int tcp_full_space(const struct sock *sk) { return tcp_win_from_space(sk, READ_ONCE(sk->sk_rcvbuf)); } void tcp_cleanup_rbuf(struct sock *sk, int copied); /* We provision sk_rcvbuf around 200% of sk_rcvlowat. * If 87.5 % (7/8) of the space has been consumed, we want to override * SO_RCVLOWAT constraint, since we are receiving skbs with too small * len/truesize ratio. */ static inline bool tcp_rmem_pressure(const struct sock *sk) { int rcvbuf, threshold; if (tcp_under_memory_pressure(sk)) return true; rcvbuf = READ_ONCE(sk->sk_rcvbuf); threshold = rcvbuf - (rcvbuf >> 3); return atomic_read(&sk->sk_rmem_alloc) > threshold; } extern void tcp_openreq_init_rwin(struct request_sock *req, const struct sock *sk_listener, const struct dst_entry *dst); void tcp_enter_memory_pressure(struct sock *sk); void tcp_leave_memory_pressure(struct sock *sk); static inline int keepalive_intvl_when(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { struct net *net = sock_net((struct sock *)tp); return tp->keepalive_intvl ? : net->ipv4.sysctl_tcp_keepalive_intvl; } static inline int keepalive_time_when(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { struct net *net = sock_net((struct sock *)tp); return tp->keepalive_time ? : net->ipv4.sysctl_tcp_keepalive_time; } static inline int keepalive_probes(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { struct net *net = sock_net((struct sock *)tp); return tp->keepalive_probes ? : net->ipv4.sysctl_tcp_keepalive_probes; } static inline u32 keepalive_time_elapsed(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { const struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = &tp->inet_conn; return min_t(u32, tcp_jiffies32 - icsk->icsk_ack.lrcvtime, tcp_jiffies32 - tp->rcv_tstamp); } static inline int tcp_fin_time(const struct sock *sk) { int fin_timeout = tcp_sk(sk)->linger2 ? : sock_net(sk)->ipv4.sysctl_tcp_fin_timeout; const int rto = inet_csk(sk)->icsk_rto; if (fin_timeout < (rto << 2) - (rto >> 1)) fin_timeout = (rto << 2) - (rto >> 1); return fin_timeout; } static inline bool tcp_paws_check(const struct tcp_options_received *rx_opt, int paws_win) { if ((s32)(rx_opt->ts_recent - rx_opt->rcv_tsval) <= paws_win) return true; if (unlikely(!time_before32(ktime_get_seconds(), rx_opt->ts_recent_stamp + TCP_PAWS_24DAYS))) return true; /* * Some OSes send SYN and SYNACK messages with tsval=0 tsecr=0, * then following tcp messages have valid values. Ignore 0 value, * or else 'negative' tsval might forbid us to accept their packets. */ if (!rx_opt->ts_recent) return true; return false; } static inline bool tcp_paws_reject(const struct tcp_options_received *rx_opt, int rst) { if (tcp_paws_check(rx_opt, 0)) return false; /* RST segments are not recommended to carry timestamp, and, if they do, it is recommended to ignore PAWS because "their cleanup function should take precedence over timestamps." Certainly, it is mistake. It is necessary to understand the reasons of this constraint to relax it: if peer reboots, clock may go out-of-sync and half-open connections will not be reset. Actually, the problem would be not existing if all the implementations followed draft about maintaining clock via reboots. Linux-2.2 DOES NOT! However, we can relax time bounds for RST segments to MSL. */ if (rst && !time_before32(ktime_get_seconds(), rx_opt->ts_recent_stamp + TCP_PAWS_MSL)) return false; return true; } bool tcp_oow_rate_limited(struct net *net, const struct sk_buff *skb, int mib_idx, u32 *last_oow_ack_time); static inline void tcp_mib_init(struct net *net) { /* See RFC 2012 */ TCP_ADD_STATS(net, TCP_MIB_RTOALGORITHM, 1); TCP_ADD_STATS(net, TCP_MIB_RTOMIN, TCP_RTO_MIN*1000/HZ); TCP_ADD_STATS(net, TCP_MIB_RTOMAX, TCP_RTO_MAX*1000/HZ); TCP_ADD_STATS(net, TCP_MIB_MAXCONN, -1); } /* from STCP */ static inline void tcp_clear_retrans_hints_partial(struct tcp_sock *tp) { tp->lost_skb_hint = NULL; } static inline void tcp_clear_all_retrans_hints(struct tcp_sock *tp) { tcp_clear_retrans_hints_partial(tp); tp->retransmit_skb_hint = NULL; } union tcp_md5_addr { struct in_addr a4; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) struct in6_addr a6; #endif }; /* - key database */ struct tcp_md5sig_key { struct hlist_node node; u8 keylen; u8 family; /* AF_INET or AF_INET6 */ u8 prefixlen; union tcp_md5_addr addr; int l3index; /* set if key added with L3 scope */ u8 key[TCP_MD5SIG_MAXKEYLEN]; struct rcu_head rcu; }; /* - sock block */ struct tcp_md5sig_info { struct hlist_head head; struct rcu_head rcu; }; /* - pseudo header */ struct tcp4_pseudohdr { __be32 saddr; __be32 daddr; __u8 pad; __u8 protocol; __be16 len; }; struct tcp6_pseudohdr { struct in6_addr saddr; struct in6_addr daddr; __be32 len; __be32 protocol; /* including padding */ }; union tcp_md5sum_block { struct tcp4_pseudohdr ip4; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) struct tcp6_pseudohdr ip6; #endif }; /* - pool: digest algorithm, hash description and scratch buffer */ struct tcp_md5sig_pool { struct ahash_request *md5_req; void *scratch; }; /* - functions */ int tcp_v4_md5_hash_skb(char *md5_hash, const struct tcp_md5sig_key *key, const struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb); int tcp_md5_do_add(struct sock *sk, const union tcp_md5_addr *addr, int family, u8 prefixlen, int l3index, const u8 *newkey, u8 newkeylen, gfp_t gfp); int tcp_md5_do_del(struct sock *sk, const union tcp_md5_addr *addr, int family, u8 prefixlen, int l3index); struct tcp_md5sig_key *tcp_v4_md5_lookup(const struct sock *sk, const struct sock *addr_sk); #ifdef CONFIG_TCP_MD5SIG #include <linux/jump_label.h> extern struct static_key_false tcp_md5_needed; struct tcp_md5sig_key *__tcp_md5_do_lookup(const struct sock *sk, int l3index, const union tcp_md5_addr *addr, int family); static inline struct tcp_md5sig_key * tcp_md5_do_lookup(const struct sock *sk, int l3index, const union tcp_md5_addr *addr, int family) { if (!static_branch_unlikely(&tcp_md5_needed)) return NULL; return __tcp_md5_do_lookup(sk, l3index, addr, family); } #define tcp_twsk_md5_key(twsk) ((twsk)->tw_md5_key) #else static inline struct tcp_md5sig_key * tcp_md5_do_lookup(const struct sock *sk, int l3index, const union tcp_md5_addr *addr, int family) { return NULL; } #define tcp_twsk_md5_key(twsk) NULL #endif bool tcp_alloc_md5sig_pool(void); struct tcp_md5sig_pool *tcp_get_md5sig_pool(void); static inline void tcp_put_md5sig_pool(void) { local_bh_enable(); } int tcp_md5_hash_skb_data(struct tcp_md5sig_pool *, const struct sk_buff *, unsigned int header_len); int tcp_md5_hash_key(struct tcp_md5sig_pool *hp, const struct tcp_md5sig_key *key); /* From tcp_fastopen.c */ void tcp_fastopen_cache_get(struct sock *sk, u16 *mss, struct tcp_fastopen_cookie *cookie); void tcp_fastopen_cache_set(struct sock *sk, u16 mss, struct tcp_fastopen_cookie *cookie, bool syn_lost, u16 try_exp); struct tcp_fastopen_request { /* Fast Open cookie. Size 0 means a cookie request */ struct tcp_fastopen_cookie cookie; struct msghdr *data; /* data in MSG_FASTOPEN */ size_t size; int copied; /* queued in tcp_connect() */ struct ubuf_info *uarg; }; void tcp_free_fastopen_req(struct tcp_sock *tp); void tcp_fastopen_destroy_cipher(struct sock *sk); void tcp_fastopen_ctx_destroy(struct net *net); int tcp_fastopen_reset_cipher(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, void *primary_key, void *backup_key); int tcp_fastopen_get_cipher(struct net *net, struct inet_connection_sock *icsk, u64 *key); void tcp_fastopen_add_skb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); struct sock *tcp_try_fastopen(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct request_sock *req, struct tcp_fastopen_cookie *foc, const struct dst_entry *dst); void tcp_fastopen_init_key_once(struct net *net); bool tcp_fastopen_cookie_check(struct sock *sk, u16 *mss, struct tcp_fastopen_cookie *cookie); bool tcp_fastopen_defer_connect(struct sock *sk, int *err); #define TCP_FASTOPEN_KEY_LENGTH sizeof(siphash_key_t) #define TCP_FASTOPEN_KEY_MAX 2 #define TCP_FASTOPEN_KEY_BUF_LENGTH \ (TCP_FASTOPEN_KEY_LENGTH * TCP_FASTOPEN_KEY_MAX) /* Fastopen key context */ struct tcp_fastopen_context { siphash_key_t key[TCP_FASTOPEN_KEY_MAX]; int num; struct rcu_head rcu; }; extern unsigned int sysctl_tcp_fastopen_blackhole_timeout; void tcp_fastopen_active_disable(struct sock *sk); bool tcp_fastopen_active_should_disable(struct sock *sk); void tcp_fastopen_active_disable_ofo_check(struct sock *sk); void tcp_fastopen_active_detect_blackhole(struct sock *sk, bool expired); /* Caller needs to wrap with rcu_read_(un)lock() */ static inline struct tcp_fastopen_context *tcp_fastopen_get_ctx(const struct sock *sk) { struct tcp_fastopen_context *ctx; ctx = rcu_dereference(inet_csk(sk)->icsk_accept_queue.fastopenq.ctx); if (!ctx) ctx = rcu_dereference(sock_net(sk)->ipv4.tcp_fastopen_ctx); return ctx; } static inline bool tcp_fastopen_cookie_match(const struct tcp_fastopen_cookie *foc, const struct tcp_fastopen_cookie *orig) { if (orig->len == TCP_FASTOPEN_COOKIE_SIZE && orig->len == foc->len && !memcmp(orig->val, foc->val, foc->len)) return true; return false; } static inline int tcp_fastopen_context_len(const struct tcp_fastopen_context *ctx) { return ctx->num; } /* Latencies incurred by various limits for a sender. They are * chronograph-like stats that are mutually exclusive. */ enum tcp_chrono { TCP_CHRONO_UNSPEC, TCP_CHRONO_BUSY, /* Actively sending data (non-empty write queue) */ TCP_CHRONO_RWND_LIMITED, /* Stalled by insufficient receive window */ TCP_CHRONO_SNDBUF_LIMITED, /* Stalled by insufficient send buffer */ __TCP_CHRONO_MAX, }; void tcp_chrono_start(struct sock *sk, const enum tcp_chrono type); void tcp_chrono_stop(struct sock *sk, const enum tcp_chrono type); /* This helper is needed, because skb->tcp_tsorted_anchor uses * the same memory storage than skb->destructor/_skb_refdst */ static inline void tcp_skb_tsorted_anchor_cleanup(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->destructor = NULL; skb->_skb_refdst = 0UL; } #define tcp_skb_tsorted_save(skb) { \ unsigned long _save = skb->_skb_refdst; \ skb->_skb_refdst = 0UL; #define tcp_skb_tsorted_restore(skb) \ skb->_skb_refdst = _save; \ } void tcp_write_queue_purge(struct sock *sk); static inline struct sk_buff *tcp_rtx_queue_head(const struct sock *sk) { return skb_rb_first(&sk->tcp_rtx_queue); } static inline struct sk_buff *tcp_rtx_queue_tail(const struct sock *sk) { return skb_rb_last(&sk->tcp_rtx_queue); } static inline struct sk_buff *tcp_write_queue_head(const struct sock *sk) { return skb_peek(&sk->sk_write_queue); } static inline struct sk_buff *tcp_write_queue_tail(const struct sock *sk) { return skb_peek_tail(&sk->sk_write_queue); } #define tcp_for_write_queue_from_safe(skb, tmp, sk) \ skb_queue_walk_from_safe(&(sk)->sk_write_queue, skb, tmp) static inline struct sk_buff *tcp_send_head(const struct sock *sk) { return skb_peek(&sk->sk_write_queue); } static inline bool tcp_skb_is_last(const struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_queue_is_last(&sk->sk_write_queue, skb); } /** * tcp_write_queue_empty - test if any payload (or FIN) is available in write queue * @sk: socket * * Since the write queue can have a temporary empty skb in it, * we must not use "return skb_queue_empty(&sk->sk_write_queue)" */ static inline bool tcp_write_queue_empty(const struct sock *sk) { const struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk); return tp->write_seq == tp->snd_nxt; } static inline bool tcp_rtx_queue_empty(const struct sock *sk) { return RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&sk->tcp_rtx_queue); } static inline bool tcp_rtx_and_write_queues_empty(const struct sock *sk) { return tcp_rtx_queue_empty(sk) && tcp_write_queue_empty(sk); } static inline void tcp_add_write_queue_tail(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { __skb_queue_tail(&sk->sk_write_queue, skb); /* Queue it, remembering where we must start sending. */ if (sk->sk_write_queue.next == skb) tcp_chrono_start(sk, TCP_CHRONO_BUSY); } /* Insert new before skb on the write queue of sk. */ static inline void tcp_insert_write_queue_before(struct sk_buff *new, struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk) { __skb_queue_before(&sk->sk_write_queue, skb, new); } static inline void tcp_unlink_write_queue(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk) { tcp_skb_tsorted_anchor_cleanup(skb); __skb_unlink(skb, &sk->sk_write_queue); } void tcp_rbtree_insert(struct rb_root *root, struct sk_buff *skb); static inline void tcp_rtx_queue_unlink(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk) { tcp_skb_tsorted_anchor_cleanup(skb); rb_erase(&skb->rbnode, &sk->tcp_rtx_queue); } static inline void tcp_rtx_queue_unlink_and_free(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk) { list_del(&skb->tcp_tsorted_anchor); tcp_rtx_queue_unlink(skb, sk); sk_wmem_free_skb(sk, skb); } static inline void tcp_push_pending_frames(struct sock *sk) { if (tcp_send_head(sk)) { struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk); __tcp_push_pending_frames(sk, tcp_current_mss(sk), tp->nonagle); } } /* Start sequence of the skb just after the highest skb with SACKed * bit, valid only if sacked_out > 0 or when the caller has ensured * validity by itself. */ static inline u32 tcp_highest_sack_seq(struct tcp_sock *tp) { if (!tp->sacked_out) return tp->snd_una; if (tp->highest_sack == NULL) return tp->snd_nxt; return TCP_SKB_CB(tp->highest_sack)->seq; } static inline void tcp_advance_highest_sack(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { tcp_sk(sk)->highest_sack = skb_rb_next(skb); } static inline struct sk_buff *tcp_highest_sack(struct sock *sk) { return tcp_sk(sk)->highest_sack; } static inline void tcp_highest_sack_reset(struct sock *sk) { tcp_sk(sk)->highest_sack = tcp_rtx_queue_head(sk); } /* Called when old skb is about to be deleted and replaced by new skb */ static inline void tcp_highest_sack_replace(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *old, struct sk_buff *new) { if (old == tcp_highest_sack(sk)) tcp_sk(sk)->highest_sack = new; } /* This helper checks if socket has IP_TRANSPARENT set */ static inline bool inet_sk_transparent(const struct sock *sk) { switch (sk->sk_state) { case TCP_TIME_WAIT: return inet_twsk(sk)->tw_transparent; case TCP_NEW_SYN_RECV: return inet_rsk(inet_reqsk(sk))->no_srccheck; } return inet_sk(sk)->transparent; } /* Determines whether this is a thin stream (which may suffer from * increased latency). Used to trigger latency-reducing mechanisms. */ static inline bool tcp_stream_is_thin(struct tcp_sock *tp) { return tp->packets_out < 4 && !tcp_in_initial_slowstart(tp); } /* /proc */ enum tcp_seq_states { TCP_SEQ_STATE_LISTENING, TCP_SEQ_STATE_ESTABLISHED, }; void *tcp_seq_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos); void *tcp_seq_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *v, loff_t *pos); void tcp_seq_stop(struct seq_file *seq, void *v); struct tcp_seq_afinfo { sa_family_t family; }; struct tcp_iter_state { struct seq_net_private p; enum tcp_seq_states state; struct sock *syn_wait_sk; struct tcp_seq_afinfo *bpf_seq_afinfo; int bucket, offset, sbucket, num; loff_t last_pos; }; extern struct request_sock_ops tcp_request_sock_ops; extern struct request_sock_ops tcp6_request_sock_ops; void tcp_v4_destroy_sock(struct sock *sk); struct sk_buff *tcp_gso_segment(struct sk_buff *skb, netdev_features_t features); struct sk_buff *tcp_gro_receive(struct list_head *head, struct sk_buff *skb); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(int tcp4_gro_complete(struct sk_buff *skb, int thoff)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(struct sk_buff *tcp4_gro_receive(struct list_head *head, struct sk_buff *skb)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(int tcp6_gro_complete(struct sk_buff *skb, int thoff)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(struct sk_buff *tcp6_gro_receive(struct list_head *head, struct sk_buff *skb)); int tcp_gro_complete(struct sk_buff *skb); void __tcp_v4_send_check(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 saddr, __be32 daddr); static inline u32 tcp_notsent_lowat(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { struct net *net = sock_net((struct sock *)tp); return tp->notsent_lowat ?: net->ipv4.sysctl_tcp_notsent_lowat; } /* @wake is one when sk_stream_write_space() calls us. * This sends EPOLLOUT only if notsent_bytes is half the limit. * This mimics the strategy used in sock_def_write_space(). */ static inline bool tcp_stream_memory_free(const struct sock *sk, int wake) { const struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk); u32 notsent_bytes = READ_ONCE(tp->write_seq) - READ_ONCE(tp->snd_nxt); return (notsent_bytes << wake) < tcp_notsent_lowat(tp); } #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS int tcp4_proc_init(void); void tcp4_proc_exit(void); #endif int tcp_rtx_synack(const struct sock *sk, struct request_sock *req); int tcp_conn_request(struct request_sock_ops *rsk_ops, const struct tcp_request_sock_ops *af_ops, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); /* TCP af-specific functions */ struct tcp_sock_af_ops { #ifdef CONFIG_TCP_MD5SIG struct tcp_md5sig_key *(*md5_lookup) (const struct sock *sk, const struct sock *addr_sk); int (*calc_md5_hash)(char *location, const struct tcp_md5sig_key *md5, const struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb); int (*md5_parse)(struct sock *sk, int optname, sockptr_t optval, int optlen); #endif }; struct tcp_request_sock_ops { u16 mss_clamp; #ifdef CONFIG_TCP_MD5SIG struct tcp_md5sig_key *(*req_md5_lookup)(const struct sock *sk, const struct sock *addr_sk); int (*calc_md5_hash) (char *location, const struct tcp_md5sig_key *md5, const struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb); #endif void (*init_req)(struct request_sock *req, const struct sock *sk_listener, struct sk_buff *skb); #ifdef CONFIG_SYN_COOKIES __u32 (*cookie_init_seq)(const struct sk_buff *skb, __u16 *mss); #endif struct dst_entry *(*route_req)(const struct sock *sk, struct flowi *fl, const struct request_sock *req); u32 (*init_seq)(const struct sk_buff *skb); u32 (*init_ts_off)(const struct net *net, const struct sk_buff *skb); int (*send_synack)(const struct sock *sk, struct dst_entry *dst, struct flowi *fl, struct request_sock *req, struct tcp_fastopen_cookie *foc, enum tcp_synack_type synack_type, struct sk_buff *syn_skb); }; extern const struct tcp_request_sock_ops tcp_request_sock_ipv4_ops; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) extern const struct tcp_request_sock_ops tcp_request_sock_ipv6_ops; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SYN_COOKIES static inline __u32 cookie_init_sequence(const struct tcp_request_sock_ops *ops, const struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, __u16 *mss) { tcp_synq_overflow(sk); __NET_INC_STATS(sock_net(sk), LINUX_MIB_SYNCOOKIESSENT); return ops->cookie_init_seq(skb, mss); } #else static inline __u32 cookie_init_sequence(const struct tcp_request_sock_ops *ops, const struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, __u16 *mss) { return 0; } #endif int tcpv4_offload_init(void); void tcp_v4_init(void); void tcp_init(void); /* tcp_recovery.c */ void tcp_mark_skb_lost(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); void tcp_newreno_mark_lost(struct sock *sk, bool snd_una_advanced); extern s32 tcp_rack_skb_timeout(struct tcp_sock *tp, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 reo_wnd); extern bool tcp_rack_mark_lost(struct sock *sk); extern void tcp_rack_advance(struct tcp_sock *tp, u8 sacked, u32 end_seq, u64 xmit_time); extern void tcp_rack_reo_timeout(struct sock *sk); extern void tcp_rack_update_reo_wnd(struct sock *sk, struct rate_sample *rs); /* At how many usecs into the future should the RTO fire? */ static inline s64 tcp_rto_delta_us(const struct sock *sk) { const struct sk_buff *skb = tcp_rtx_queue_head(sk); u32 rto = inet_csk(sk)->icsk_rto; u64 rto_time_stamp_us = tcp_skb_timestamp_us(skb) + jiffies_to_usecs(rto); return rto_time_stamp_us - tcp_sk(sk)->tcp_mstamp; } /* * Save and compile IPv4 options, return a pointer to it */ static inline struct ip_options_rcu *tcp_v4_save_options(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb) { const struct ip_options *opt = &TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->header.h4.opt; struct ip_options_rcu *dopt = NULL; if (opt->optlen) { int opt_size = sizeof(*dopt) + opt->optlen; dopt = kmalloc(opt_size, GFP_ATOMIC); if (dopt && __ip_options_echo(net, &dopt->opt, skb, opt)) { kfree(dopt); dopt = NULL; } } return dopt; } /* locally generated TCP pure ACKs have skb->truesize == 2 * (check tcp_send_ack() in net/ipv4/tcp_output.c ) * This is much faster than dissecting the packet to find out. * (Think of GRE encapsulations, IPv4, IPv6, ...) */ static inline bool skb_is_tcp_pure_ack(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->truesize == 2; } static inline void skb_set_tcp_pure_ack(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->truesize = 2; } static inline int tcp_inq(struct sock *sk) { struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk); int answ; if ((1 << sk->sk_state) & (TCPF_SYN_SENT | TCPF_SYN_RECV)) { answ = 0; } else if (sock_flag(sk, SOCK_URGINLINE) || !tp->urg_data || before(tp->urg_seq, tp->copied_seq) || !before(tp->urg_seq, tp->rcv_nxt)) { answ = tp->rcv_nxt - tp->copied_seq; /* Subtract 1, if FIN was received */ if (answ && sock_flag(sk, SOCK_DONE)) answ--; } else { answ = tp->urg_seq - tp->copied_seq; } return answ; } int tcp_peek_len(struct socket *sock); static inline void tcp_segs_in(struct tcp_sock *tp, const struct sk_buff *skb) { u16 segs_in; segs_in = max_t(u16, 1, skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_segs); tp->segs_in += segs_in; if (skb->len > tcp_hdrlen(skb)) tp->data_segs_in += segs_in; } /* * TCP listen path runs lockless. * We forced "struct sock" to be const qualified to make sure * we don't modify one of its field by mistake. * Here, we increment sk_drops which is an atomic_t, so we can safely * make sock writable again. */ static inline void tcp_listendrop(const struct sock *sk) { atomic_inc(&((struct sock *)sk)->sk_drops); __NET_INC_STATS(sock_net(sk), LINUX_MIB_LISTENDROPS); } enum hrtimer_restart tcp_pace_kick(struct hrtimer *timer); /* * Interface for adding Upper Level Protocols over TCP */ #define TCP_ULP_NAME_MAX 16 #define TCP_ULP_MAX 128 #define TCP_ULP_BUF_MAX (TCP_ULP_NAME_MAX*TCP_ULP_MAX) struct tcp_ulp_ops { struct list_head list; /* initialize ulp */ int (*init)(struct sock *sk); /* update ulp */ void (*update)(struct sock *sk, struct proto *p, void (*write_space)(struct sock *sk)); /* cleanup ulp */ void (*release)(struct sock *sk); /* diagnostic */ int (*get_info)(const struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); size_t (*get_info_size)(const struct sock *sk); /* clone ulp */ void (*clone)(const struct request_sock *req, struct sock *newsk, const gfp_t priority); char name[TCP_ULP_NAME_MAX]; struct module *owner; }; int tcp_register_ulp(struct tcp_ulp_ops *type); void tcp_unregister_ulp(struct tcp_ulp_ops *type); int tcp_set_ulp(struct sock *sk, const char *name); void tcp_get_available_ulp(char *buf, size_t len); void tcp_cleanup_ulp(struct sock *sk); void tcp_update_ulp(struct sock *sk, struct proto *p, void (*write_space)(struct sock *sk)); #define MODULE_ALIAS_TCP_ULP(name) \ __MODULE_INFO(alias, alias_userspace, name); \ __MODULE_INFO(alias, alias_tcp_ulp, "tcp-ulp-" name) struct sk_msg; struct sk_psock; #ifdef CONFIG_BPF_STREAM_PARSER struct proto *tcp_bpf_get_proto(struct sock *sk, struct sk_psock *psock); void tcp_bpf_clone(const struct sock *sk, struct sock *newsk); #else static inline void tcp_bpf_clone(const struct sock *sk, struct sock *newsk) { } #endif /* CONFIG_BPF_STREAM_PARSER */ #ifdef CONFIG_NET_SOCK_MSG int tcp_bpf_sendmsg_redir(struct sock *sk, struct sk_msg *msg, u32 bytes, int flags); int __tcp_bpf_recvmsg(struct sock *sk, struct sk_psock *psock, struct msghdr *msg, int len, int flags); #endif /* CONFIG_NET_SOCK_MSG */ #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_BPF static inline void bpf_skops_init_skb(struct bpf_sock_ops_kern *skops, struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int end_offset) { skops->skb = skb; skops->skb_data_end = skb->data + end_offset; } #else static inline void bpf_skops_init_skb(struct bpf_sock_ops_kern *skops, struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int end_offset) { } #endif /* Call BPF_SOCK_OPS program that returns an int. If the return value * is < 0, then the BPF op failed (for example if the loaded BPF * program does not support the chosen operation or there is no BPF * program loaded). */ #ifdef CONFIG_BPF static inline int tcp_call_bpf(struct sock *sk, int op, u32 nargs, u32 *args) { struct bpf_sock_ops_kern sock_ops; int ret; memset(&sock_ops, 0, offsetof(struct bpf_sock_ops_kern, temp)); if (sk_fullsock(sk)) { sock_ops.is_fullsock = 1; sock_owned_by_me(sk); } sock_ops.sk = sk; sock_ops.op = op; if (nargs > 0) memcpy(sock_ops.args, args, nargs * sizeof(*args)); ret = BPF_CGROUP_RUN_PROG_SOCK_OPS(&sock_ops); if (ret == 0) ret = sock_ops.reply; else ret = -1; return ret; } static inline int tcp_call_bpf_2arg(struct sock *sk, int op, u32 arg1, u32 arg2) { u32 args[2] = {arg1, arg2}; return tcp_call_bpf(sk, op, 2, args); } static inline int tcp_call_bpf_3arg(struct sock *sk, int op, u32 arg1, u32 arg2, u32 arg3) { u32 args[3] = {arg1, arg2, arg3}; return tcp_call_bpf(sk, op, 3, args); } #else static inline int tcp_call_bpf(struct sock *sk, int op, u32 nargs, u32 *args) { return -EPERM; } static inline int tcp_call_bpf_2arg(struct sock *sk, int op, u32 arg1, u32 arg2) { return -EPERM; } static inline int tcp_call_bpf_3arg(struct sock *sk, int op, u32 arg1, u32 arg2, u32 arg3) { return -EPERM; } #endif static inline u32 tcp_timeout_init(struct sock *sk) { int timeout; timeout = tcp_call_bpf(sk, BPF_SOCK_OPS_TIMEOUT_INIT, 0, NULL); if (timeout <= 0) timeout = TCP_TIMEOUT_INIT; return timeout; } static inline u32 tcp_rwnd_init_bpf(struct sock *sk) { int rwnd; rwnd = tcp_call_bpf(sk, BPF_SOCK_OPS_RWND_INIT, 0, NULL); if (rwnd < 0) rwnd = 0; return rwnd; } static inline bool tcp_bpf_ca_needs_ecn(struct sock *sk) { return (tcp_call_bpf(sk, BPF_SOCK_OPS_NEEDS_ECN, 0, NULL) == 1); } static inline void tcp_bpf_rtt(struct sock *sk) { if (BPF_SOCK_OPS_TEST_FLAG(tcp_sk(sk), BPF_SOCK_OPS_RTT_CB_FLAG)) tcp_call_bpf(sk, BPF_SOCK_OPS_RTT_CB, 0, NULL); } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SMC) extern struct static_key_false tcp_have_smc; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_TLS_DEVICE) void clean_acked_data_enable(struct inet_connection_sock *icsk, void (*cad)(struct sock *sk, u32 ack_seq)); void clean_acked_data_disable(struct inet_connection_sock *icsk); void clean_acked_data_flush(void); #endif DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(tcp_tx_delay_enabled); static inline void tcp_add_tx_delay(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct tcp_sock *tp) { if (static_branch_unlikely(&tcp_tx_delay_enabled)) skb->skb_mstamp_ns += (u64)tp->tcp_tx_delay * NSEC_PER_USEC; } /* Compute Earliest Departure Time for some control packets * like ACK or RST for TIME_WAIT or non ESTABLISHED sockets. */ static inline u64 tcp_transmit_time(const struct sock *sk) { if (static_branch_unlikely(&tcp_tx_delay_enabled)) { u32 delay = (sk->sk_state == TCP_TIME_WAIT) ? tcp_twsk(sk)->tw_tx_delay : tcp_sk(sk)->tcp_tx_delay; return tcp_clock_ns() + (u64)delay * NSEC_PER_USEC; } return 0; } #endif /* _TCP_H */
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPTIRQ_TRACEPOINTS #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM preemptirq #if !defined(_TRACE_PREEMPTIRQ_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_PREEMPTIRQ_H #include <linux/ktime.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <asm/sections.h> DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(preemptirq_template, TP_PROTO(unsigned long ip, unsigned long parent_ip), TP_ARGS(ip, parent_ip), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(s32, caller_offs) __field(s32, parent_offs) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->caller_offs = (s32)(ip - (unsigned long)_stext); __entry->parent_offs = (s32)(parent_ip - (unsigned long)_stext); ), TP_printk("caller=%pS parent=%pS", (void *)((unsigned long)(_stext) + __entry->caller_offs), (void *)((unsigned long)(_stext) + __entry->parent_offs)) ); #ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS DEFINE_EVENT(preemptirq_template, irq_disable, TP_PROTO(unsigned long ip, unsigned long parent_ip), TP_ARGS(ip, parent_ip)); DEFINE_EVENT(preemptirq_template, irq_enable, TP_PROTO(unsigned long ip, unsigned long parent_ip), TP_ARGS(ip, parent_ip)); #else #define trace_irq_enable(...) #define trace_irq_disable(...) #define trace_irq_enable_rcuidle(...) #define trace_irq_disable_rcuidle(...) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_PREEMPT_TOGGLE DEFINE_EVENT(preemptirq_template, preempt_disable, TP_PROTO(unsigned long ip, unsigned long parent_ip), TP_ARGS(ip, parent_ip)); DEFINE_EVENT(preemptirq_template, preempt_enable, TP_PROTO(unsigned long ip, unsigned long parent_ip), TP_ARGS(ip, parent_ip)); #else #define trace_preempt_enable(...) #define trace_preempt_disable(...) #define trace_preempt_enable_rcuidle(...) #define trace_preempt_disable_rcuidle(...) #endif #endif /* _TRACE_PREEMPTIRQ_H */ #include <trace/define_trace.h> #else /* !CONFIG_PREEMPTIRQ_TRACEPOINTS */ #define trace_irq_enable(...) #define trace_irq_disable(...) #define trace_irq_enable_rcuidle(...) #define trace_irq_disable_rcuidle(...) #define trace_preempt_enable(...) #define trace_preempt_disable(...) #define trace_preempt_enable_rcuidle(...) #define trace_preempt_disable_rcuidle(...) #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM printk #if !defined(_TRACE_PRINTK_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_PRINTK_H #include <linux/tracepoint.h> TRACE_EVENT(console, TP_PROTO(const char *text, size_t len), TP_ARGS(text, len), TP_STRUCT__entry( __dynamic_array(char, msg, len + 1) ), TP_fast_assign( /* * Each trace entry is printed in a new line. * If the msg finishes with '\n', cut it off * to avoid blank lines in the trace. */ if ((len > 0) && (text[len-1] == '\n')) len -= 1; memcpy(__get_str(msg), text, len); __get_str(msg)[len] = 0; ), TP_printk("%s", __get_str(msg)) ); #endif /* _TRACE_PRINTK_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Universal TUN/TAP device driver. * Copyright (C) 1999-2000 Maxim Krasnyansky <max_mk@yahoo.com> */ #ifndef __IF_TUN_H #define __IF_TUN_H #include <uapi/linux/if_tun.h> #include <uapi/linux/virtio_net.h> #define TUN_XDP_FLAG 0x1UL #define TUN_MSG_UBUF 1 #define TUN_MSG_PTR 2 struct tun_msg_ctl { unsigned short type; unsigned short num; void *ptr; }; struct tun_xdp_hdr { int buflen; struct virtio_net_hdr gso; }; #if defined(CONFIG_TUN) || defined(CONFIG_TUN_MODULE) struct socket *tun_get_socket(struct file *); struct ptr_ring *tun_get_tx_ring(struct file *file); static inline bool tun_is_xdp_frame(void *ptr) { return (unsigned long)ptr & TUN_XDP_FLAG; } static inline void *tun_xdp_to_ptr(struct xdp_frame *xdp) { return (void *)((unsigned long)xdp | TUN_XDP_FLAG); } static inline struct xdp_frame *tun_ptr_to_xdp(void *ptr) { return (void *)((unsigned long)ptr & ~TUN_XDP_FLAG); } void tun_ptr_free(void *ptr); #else #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/errno.h> struct file; struct socket; static inline struct socket *tun_get_socket(struct file *f) { return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } static inline struct ptr_ring *tun_get_tx_ring(struct file *f) { return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } static inline bool tun_is_xdp_frame(void *ptr) { return false; } static inline void *tun_xdp_to_ptr(struct xdp_frame *xdp) { return NULL; } static inline struct xdp_frame *tun_ptr_to_xdp(void *ptr) { return NULL; } static inline void tun_ptr_free(void *ptr) { } #endif /* CONFIG_TUN */ #endif /* __IF_TUN_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_NAMEI_H #define _LINUX_NAMEI_H #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/path.h> #include <linux/fcntl.h> #include <linux/errno.h> enum { MAX_NESTED_LINKS = 8 }; #define MAXSYMLINKS 40 /* * Type of the last component on LOOKUP_PARENT */ enum {LAST_NORM, LAST_ROOT, LAST_DOT, LAST_DOTDOT}; /* pathwalk mode */ #define LOOKUP_FOLLOW 0x0001 /* follow links at the end */ #define LOOKUP_DIRECTORY 0x0002 /* require a directory */ #define LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT 0x0004 /* force terminal automount */ #define LOOKUP_EMPTY 0x4000 /* accept empty path [user_... only] */ #define LOOKUP_DOWN 0x8000 /* follow mounts in the starting point */ #define LOOKUP_MOUNTPOINT 0x0080 /* follow mounts in the end */ #define LOOKUP_REVAL 0x0020 /* tell ->d_revalidate() to trust no cache */ #define LOOKUP_RCU 0x0040 /* RCU pathwalk mode; semi-internal */ /* These tell filesystem methods that we are dealing with the final component... */ #define LOOKUP_OPEN 0x0100 /* ... in open */ #define LOOKUP_CREATE 0x0200 /* ... in object creation */ #define LOOKUP_EXCL 0x0400 /* ... in exclusive creation */ #define LOOKUP_RENAME_TARGET 0x0800 /* ... in destination of rename() */ /* internal use only */ #define LOOKUP_PARENT 0x0010 #define LOOKUP_JUMPED 0x1000 #define LOOKUP_ROOT 0x2000 #define LOOKUP_ROOT_GRABBED 0x0008 /* Scoping flags for lookup. */ #define LOOKUP_NO_SYMLINKS 0x010000 /* No symlink crossing. */ #define LOOKUP_NO_MAGICLINKS 0x020000 /* No nd_jump_link() crossing. */ #define LOOKUP_NO_XDEV 0x040000 /* No mountpoint crossing. */ #define LOOKUP_BENEATH 0x080000 /* No escaping from starting point. */ #define LOOKUP_IN_ROOT 0x100000 /* Treat dirfd as fs root. */ /* LOOKUP_* flags which do scope-related checks based on the dirfd. */ #define LOOKUP_IS_SCOPED (LOOKUP_BENEATH | LOOKUP_IN_ROOT) extern int path_pts(struct path *path); extern int user_path_at_empty(int, const char __user *, unsigned, struct path *, int *empty); static inline int user_path_at(int dfd, const char __user *name, unsigned flags, struct path *path) { return user_path_at_empty(dfd, name, flags, path, NULL); } extern int kern_path(const char *, unsigned, struct path *); extern struct dentry *kern_path_create(int, const char *, struct path *, unsigned int); extern struct dentry *user_path_create(int, const char __user *, struct path *, unsigned int); extern void done_path_create(struct path *, struct dentry *); extern struct dentry *kern_path_locked(const char *, struct path *); extern struct dentry *try_lookup_one_len(const char *, struct dentry *, int); extern struct dentry *lookup_one_len(const char *, struct dentry *, int); extern struct dentry *lookup_one_len_unlocked(const char *, struct dentry *, int); extern struct dentry *lookup_positive_unlocked(const char *, struct dentry *, int); extern int follow_down_one(struct path *); extern int follow_down(struct path *); extern int follow_up(struct path *); extern struct dentry *lock_rename(struct dentry *, struct dentry *); extern void unlock_rename(struct dentry *, struct dentry *); extern int __must_check nd_jump_link(struct path *path); static inline void nd_terminate_link(void *name, size_t len, size_t maxlen) { ((char *) name)[min(len, maxlen)] = '\0'; } /** * retry_estale - determine whether the caller should retry an operation * @error: the error that would currently be returned * @flags: flags being used for next lookup attempt * * Check to see if the error code was -ESTALE, and then determine whether * to retry the call based on whether "flags" already has LOOKUP_REVAL set. * * Returns true if the caller should try the operation again. */ static inline bool retry_estale(const long error, const unsigned int flags) { return error == -ESTALE && !(flags & LOOKUP_REVAL); } #endif /* _LINUX_NAMEI_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _KERNEL_PRINTK_RINGBUFFER_H #define _KERNEL_PRINTK_RINGBUFFER_H #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/dev_printk.h> /* * Meta information about each stored message. * * All fields are set by the printk code except for @seq, which is * set by the ringbuffer code. */ struct printk_info { u64 seq; /* sequence number */ u64 ts_nsec; /* timestamp in nanoseconds */ u16 text_len; /* length of text message */ u8 facility; /* syslog facility */ u8 flags:5; /* internal record flags */ u8 level:3; /* syslog level */ u32 caller_id; /* thread id or processor id */ struct dev_printk_info dev_info; }; /* * A structure providing the buffers, used by writers and readers. * * Writers: * Using prb_rec_init_wr(), a writer sets @text_buf_size before calling * prb_reserve(). On success, prb_reserve() sets @info and @text_buf to * buffers reserved for that writer. * * Readers: * Using prb_rec_init_rd(), a reader sets all fields before calling * prb_read_valid(). Note that the reader provides the @info and @text_buf, * buffers. On success, the struct pointed to by @info will be filled and * the char array pointed to by @text_buf will be filled with text data. */ struct printk_record { struct printk_info *info; char *text_buf; unsigned int text_buf_size; }; /* Specifies the logical position and span of a data block. */ struct prb_data_blk_lpos { unsigned long begin; unsigned long next; }; /* * A descriptor: the complete meta-data for a record. * * @state_var: A bitwise combination of descriptor ID and descriptor state. */ struct prb_desc { atomic_long_t state_var; struct prb_data_blk_lpos text_blk_lpos; }; /* A ringbuffer of "ID + data" elements. */ struct prb_data_ring { unsigned int size_bits; char *data; atomic_long_t head_lpos; atomic_long_t tail_lpos; }; /* A ringbuffer of "struct prb_desc" elements. */ struct prb_desc_ring { unsigned int count_bits; struct prb_desc *descs; struct printk_info *infos; atomic_long_t head_id; atomic_long_t tail_id; }; /* * The high level structure representing the printk ringbuffer. * * @fail: Count of failed prb_reserve() calls where not even a data-less * record was created. */ struct printk_ringbuffer { struct prb_desc_ring desc_ring; struct prb_data_ring text_data_ring; atomic_long_t fail; }; /* * Used by writers as a reserve/commit handle. * * @rb: Ringbuffer where the entry is reserved. * @irqflags: Saved irq flags to restore on entry commit. * @id: ID of the reserved descriptor. * @text_space: Total occupied buffer space in the text data ring, including * ID, alignment padding, and wrapping data blocks. * * This structure is an opaque handle for writers. Its contents are only * to be used by the ringbuffer implementation. */ struct prb_reserved_entry { struct printk_ringbuffer *rb; unsigned long irqflags; unsigned long id; unsigned int text_space; }; /* The possible responses of a descriptor state-query. */ enum desc_state { desc_miss = -1, /* ID mismatch (pseudo state) */ desc_reserved = 0x0, /* reserved, in use by writer */ desc_committed = 0x1, /* committed by writer, could get reopened */ desc_finalized = 0x2, /* committed, no further modification allowed */ desc_reusable = 0x3, /* free, not yet used by any writer */ }; #define _DATA_SIZE(sz_bits) (1UL << (sz_bits)) #define _DESCS_COUNT(ct_bits) (1U << (ct_bits)) #define DESC_SV_BITS (sizeof(unsigned long) * 8) #define DESC_FLAGS_SHIFT (DESC_SV_BITS - 2) #define DESC_FLAGS_MASK (3UL << DESC_FLAGS_SHIFT) #define DESC_STATE(sv) (3UL & (sv >> DESC_FLAGS_SHIFT)) #define DESC_SV(id, state) (((unsigned long)state << DESC_FLAGS_SHIFT) | id) #define DESC_ID_MASK (~DESC_FLAGS_MASK) #define DESC_ID(sv) ((sv) & DESC_ID_MASK) #define FAILED_LPOS 0x1 #define NO_LPOS 0x3 #define FAILED_BLK_LPOS \ { \ .begin = FAILED_LPOS, \ .next = FAILED_LPOS, \ } /* * Descriptor Bootstrap * * The descriptor array is minimally initialized to allow immediate usage * by readers and writers. The requirements that the descriptor array * initialization must satisfy: * * Req1 * The tail must point to an existing (committed or reusable) descriptor. * This is required by the implementation of prb_first_seq(). * * Req2 * Readers must see that the ringbuffer is initially empty. * * Req3 * The first record reserved by a writer is assigned sequence number 0. * * To satisfy Req1, the tail initially points to a descriptor that is * minimally initialized (having no data block, i.e. data-less with the * data block's lpos @begin and @next values set to FAILED_LPOS). * * To satisfy Req2, the initial tail descriptor is initialized to the * reusable state. Readers recognize reusable descriptors as existing * records, but skip over them. * * To satisfy Req3, the last descriptor in the array is used as the initial * head (and tail) descriptor. This allows the first record reserved by a * writer (head + 1) to be the first descriptor in the array. (Only the first * descriptor in the array could have a valid sequence number of 0.) * * The first time a descriptor is reserved, it is assigned a sequence number * with the value of the array index. A "first time reserved" descriptor can * be recognized because it has a sequence number of 0 but does not have an * index of 0. (Only the first descriptor in the array could have a valid * sequence number of 0.) After the first reservation, all future reservations * (recycling) simply involve incrementing the sequence number by the array * count. * * Hack #1 * Only the first descriptor in the array is allowed to have the sequence * number 0. In this case it is not possible to recognize if it is being * reserved the first time (set to index value) or has been reserved * previously (increment by the array count). This is handled by _always_ * incrementing the sequence number by the array count when reserving the * first descriptor in the array. In order to satisfy Req3, the sequence * number of the first descriptor in the array is initialized to minus * the array count. Then, upon the first reservation, it is incremented * to 0, thus satisfying Req3. * * Hack #2 * prb_first_seq() can be called at any time by readers to retrieve the * sequence number of the tail descriptor. However, due to Req2 and Req3, * initially there are no records to report the sequence number of * (sequence numbers are u64 and there is nothing less than 0). To handle * this, the sequence number of the initial tail descriptor is initialized * to 0. Technically this is incorrect, because there is no record with * sequence number 0 (yet) and the tail descriptor is not the first * descriptor in the array. But it allows prb_read_valid() to correctly * report the existence of a record for _any_ given sequence number at all * times. Bootstrapping is complete when the tail is pushed the first * time, thus finally pointing to the first descriptor reserved by a * writer, which has the assigned sequence number 0. */ /* * Initiating Logical Value Overflows * * Both logical position (lpos) and ID values can be mapped to array indexes * but may experience overflows during the lifetime of the system. To ensure * that printk_ringbuffer can handle the overflows for these types, initial * values are chosen that map to the correct initial array indexes, but will * result in overflows soon. * * BLK0_LPOS * The initial @head_lpos and @tail_lpos for data rings. It is at index * 0 and the lpos value is such that it will overflow on the first wrap. * * DESC0_ID * The initial @head_id and @tail_id for the desc ring. It is at the last * index of the descriptor array (see Req3 above) and the ID value is such * that it will overflow on the second wrap. */ #define BLK0_LPOS(sz_bits) (-(_DATA_SIZE(sz_bits))) #define DESC0_ID(ct_bits) DESC_ID(-(_DESCS_COUNT(ct_bits) + 1)) #define DESC0_SV(ct_bits) DESC_SV(DESC0_ID(ct_bits), desc_reusable) /* * Define a ringbuffer with an external text data buffer. The same as * DEFINE_PRINTKRB() but requires specifying an external buffer for the * text data. * * Note: The specified external buffer must be of the size: * 2 ^ (descbits + avgtextbits) */ #define _DEFINE_PRINTKRB(name, descbits, avgtextbits, text_buf) \ static struct prb_desc _##name##_descs[_DESCS_COUNT(descbits)] = { \ /* the initial head and tail */ \ [_DESCS_COUNT(descbits) - 1] = { \ /* reusable */ \ .state_var = ATOMIC_INIT(DESC0_SV(descbits)), \ /* no associated data block */ \ .text_blk_lpos = FAILED_BLK_LPOS, \ }, \ }; \ static struct printk_info _##name##_infos[_DESCS_COUNT(descbits)] = { \ /* this will be the first record reserved by a writer */ \ [0] = { \ /* will be incremented to 0 on the first reservation */ \ .seq = -(u64)_DESCS_COUNT(descbits), \ }, \ /* the initial head and tail */ \ [_DESCS_COUNT(descbits) - 1] = { \ /* reports the first seq value during the bootstrap phase */ \ .seq = 0, \ }, \ }; \ static struct printk_ringbuffer name = { \ .desc_ring = { \ .count_bits = descbits, \ .descs = &_##name##_descs[0], \ .infos = &_##name##_infos[0], \ .head_id = ATOMIC_INIT(DESC0_ID(descbits)), \ .tail_id = ATOMIC_INIT(DESC0_ID(descbits)), \ }, \ .text_data_ring = { \ .size_bits = (avgtextbits) + (descbits), \ .data = text_buf, \ .head_lpos = ATOMIC_LONG_INIT(BLK0_LPOS((avgtextbits) + (descbits))), \ .tail_lpos = ATOMIC_LONG_INIT(BLK0_LPOS((avgtextbits) + (descbits))), \ }, \ .fail = ATOMIC_LONG_INIT(0), \ } /** * DEFINE_PRINTKRB() - Define a ringbuffer. * * @name: The name of the ringbuffer variable. * @descbits: The number of descriptors as a power-of-2 value. * @avgtextbits: The average text data size per record as a power-of-2 value. * * This is a macro for defining a ringbuffer and all internal structures * such that it is ready for immediate use. See _DEFINE_PRINTKRB() for a * variant where the text data buffer can be specified externally. */ #define DEFINE_PRINTKRB(name, descbits, avgtextbits) \ static char _##name##_text[1U << ((avgtextbits) + (descbits))] \ __aligned(__alignof__(unsigned long)); \ _DEFINE_PRINTKRB(name, descbits, avgtextbits, &_##name##_text[0]) /* Writer Interface */ /** * prb_rec_init_wd() - Initialize a buffer for writing records. * * @r: The record to initialize. * @text_buf_size: The needed text buffer size. */ static inline void prb_rec_init_wr(struct printk_record *r, unsigned int text_buf_size) { r->info = NULL; r->text_buf = NULL; r->text_buf_size = text_buf_size; } bool prb_reserve(struct prb_reserved_entry *e, struct printk_ringbuffer *rb, struct printk_record *r); bool prb_reserve_in_last(struct prb_reserved_entry *e, struct printk_ringbuffer *rb, struct printk_record *r, u32 caller_id, unsigned int max_size); void prb_commit(struct prb_reserved_entry *e); void prb_final_commit(struct prb_reserved_entry *e); void prb_init(struct printk_ringbuffer *rb, char *text_buf, unsigned int text_buf_size, struct prb_desc *descs, unsigned int descs_count_bits, struct printk_info *infos); unsigned int prb_record_text_space(struct prb_reserved_entry *e); /* Reader Interface */ /** * prb_rec_init_rd() - Initialize a buffer for reading records. * * @r: The record to initialize. * @info: A buffer to store record meta-data. * @text_buf: A buffer to store text data. * @text_buf_size: The size of @text_buf. * * Initialize all the fields that a reader is interested in. All arguments * (except @r) are optional. Only record data for arguments that are * non-NULL or non-zero will be read. */ static inline void prb_rec_init_rd(struct printk_record *r, struct printk_info *info, char *text_buf, unsigned int text_buf_size) { r->info = info; r->text_buf = text_buf; r->text_buf_size = text_buf_size; } /** * prb_for_each_record() - Iterate over the records of a ringbuffer. * * @from: The sequence number to begin with. * @rb: The ringbuffer to iterate over. * @s: A u64 to store the sequence number on each iteration. * @r: A printk_record to store the record on each iteration. * * This is a macro for conveniently iterating over a ringbuffer. * Note that @s may not be the sequence number of the record on each * iteration. For the sequence number, @r->info->seq should be checked. * * Context: Any context. */ #define prb_for_each_record(from, rb, s, r) \ for ((s) = from; prb_read_valid(rb, s, r); (s) = (r)->info->seq + 1) /** * prb_for_each_info() - Iterate over the meta data of a ringbuffer. * * @from: The sequence number to begin with. * @rb: The ringbuffer to iterate over. * @s: A u64 to store the sequence number on each iteration. * @i: A printk_info to store the record meta data on each iteration. * @lc: An unsigned int to store the text line count of each record. * * This is a macro for conveniently iterating over a ringbuffer. * Note that @s may not be the sequence number of the record on each * iteration. For the sequence number, @r->info->seq should be checked. * * Context: Any context. */ #define prb_for_each_info(from, rb, s, i, lc) \ for ((s) = from; prb_read_valid_info(rb, s, i, lc); (s) = (i)->seq + 1) bool prb_read_valid(struct printk_ringbuffer *rb, u64 seq, struct printk_record *r); bool prb_read_valid_info(struct printk_ringbuffer *rb, u64 seq, struct printk_info *info, unsigned int *line_count); u64 prb_first_valid_seq(struct printk_ringbuffer *rb); u64 prb_next_seq(struct printk_ringbuffer *rb); #endif /* _KERNEL_PRINTK_RINGBUFFER_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_PATH_H #define _LINUX_PATH_H struct dentry; struct vfsmount; struct path { struct vfsmount *mnt; struct dentry *dentry; } __randomize_layout; extern void path_get(const struct path *); extern void path_put(const struct path *); static inline int path_equal(const struct path *path1, const struct path *path2) { return path1->mnt == path2->mnt && path1->dentry == path2->dentry; } static inline void path_put_init(struct path *path) { path_put(path); *path = (struct path) { }; } #endif /* _LINUX_PATH_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Copyright (C) 2001 Momchil Velikov * Portions Copyright (C) 2001 Christoph Hellwig * Copyright (C) 2006 Nick Piggin * Copyright (C) 2012 Konstantin Khlebnikov */ #ifndef _LINUX_RADIX_TREE_H #define _LINUX_RADIX_TREE_H #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/preempt.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/xarray.h> #include <linux/local_lock.h> /* Keep unconverted code working */ #define radix_tree_root xarray #define radix_tree_node xa_node struct radix_tree_preload { local_lock_t lock; unsigned nr; /* nodes->parent points to next preallocated node */ struct radix_tree_node *nodes; }; DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct radix_tree_preload, radix_tree_preloads); /* * The bottom two bits of the slot determine how the remaining bits in the * slot are interpreted: * * 00 - data pointer * 10 - internal entry * x1 - value entry * * The internal entry may be a pointer to the next level in the tree, a * sibling entry, or an indicator that the entry in this slot has been moved * to another location in the tree and the lookup should be restarted. While * NULL fits the 'data pointer' pattern, it means that there is no entry in * the tree for this index (no matter what level of the tree it is found at). * This means that storing a NULL entry in the tree is the same as deleting * the entry from the tree. */ #define RADIX_TREE_ENTRY_MASK 3UL #define RADIX_TREE_INTERNAL_NODE 2UL static inline bool radix_tree_is_internal_node(void *ptr) { return ((unsigned long)ptr & RADIX_TREE_ENTRY_MASK) == RADIX_TREE_INTERNAL_NODE; } /*** radix-tree API starts here ***/ #define RADIX_TREE_MAP_SHIFT XA_CHUNK_SHIFT #define RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE (1UL << RADIX_TREE_MAP_SHIFT) #define RADIX_TREE_MAP_MASK (RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE-1) #define RADIX_TREE_MAX_TAGS XA_MAX_MARKS #define RADIX_TREE_TAG_LONGS XA_MARK_LONGS #define RADIX_TREE_INDEX_BITS (8 /* CHAR_BIT */ * sizeof(unsigned long)) #define RADIX_TREE_MAX_PATH (DIV_ROUND_UP(RADIX_TREE_INDEX_BITS, \ RADIX_TREE_MAP_SHIFT)) /* The IDR tag is stored in the low bits of xa_flags */ #define ROOT_IS_IDR ((__force gfp_t)4) /* The top bits of xa_flags are used to store the root tags */ #define ROOT_TAG_SHIFT (__GFP_BITS_SHIFT) #define RADIX_TREE_INIT(name, mask) XARRAY_INIT(name, mask) #define RADIX_TREE(name, mask) \ struct radix_tree_root name = RADIX_TREE_INIT(name, mask) #define INIT_RADIX_TREE(root, mask) xa_init_flags(root, mask) static inline bool radix_tree_empty(const struct radix_tree_root *root) { return root->xa_head == NULL; } /** * struct radix_tree_iter - radix tree iterator state * * @index: index of current slot * @next_index: one beyond the last index for this chunk * @tags: bit-mask for tag-iterating * @node: node that contains current slot * * This radix tree iterator works in terms of "chunks" of slots. A chunk is a * subinterval of slots contained within one radix tree leaf node. It is * described by a pointer to its first slot and a struct radix_tree_iter * which holds the chunk's position in the tree and its size. For tagged * iteration radix_tree_iter also holds the slots' bit-mask for one chosen * radix tree tag. */ struct radix_tree_iter { unsigned long index; unsigned long next_index; unsigned long tags; struct radix_tree_node *node; }; /** * Radix-tree synchronization * * The radix-tree API requires that users provide all synchronisation (with * specific exceptions, noted below). * * Synchronization of access to the data items being stored in the tree, and * management of their lifetimes must be completely managed by API users. * * For API usage, in general, * - any function _modifying_ the tree or tags (inserting or deleting * items, setting or clearing tags) must exclude other modifications, and * exclude any functions reading the tree. * - any function _reading_ the tree or tags (looking up items or tags, * gang lookups) must exclude modifications to the tree, but may occur * concurrently with other readers. * * The notable exceptions to this rule are the following functions: * __radix_tree_lookup * radix_tree_lookup * radix_tree_lookup_slot * radix_tree_tag_get * radix_tree_gang_lookup * radix_tree_gang_lookup_tag * radix_tree_gang_lookup_tag_slot * radix_tree_tagged * * The first 7 functions are able to be called locklessly, using RCU. The * caller must ensure calls to these functions are made within rcu_read_lock() * regions. Other readers (lock-free or otherwise) and modifications may be * running concurrently. * * It is still required that the caller manage the synchronization and lifetimes * of the items. So if RCU lock-free lookups are used, typically this would mean * that the items have their own locks, or are amenable to lock-free access; and * that the items are freed by RCU (or only freed after having been deleted from * the radix tree *and* a synchronize_rcu() grace period). * * (Note, rcu_assign_pointer and rcu_dereference are not needed to control * access to data items when inserting into or looking up from the radix tree) * * Note that the value returned by radix_tree_tag_get() may not be relied upon * if only the RCU read lock is held. Functions to set/clear tags and to * delete nodes running concurrently with it may affect its result such that * two consecutive reads in the same locked section may return different * values. If reliability is required, modification functions must also be * excluded from concurrency. * * radix_tree_tagged is able to be called without locking or RCU. */ /** * radix_tree_deref_slot - dereference a slot * @slot: slot pointer, returned by radix_tree_lookup_slot * * For use with radix_tree_lookup_slot(). Caller must hold tree at least read * locked across slot lookup and dereference. Not required if write lock is * held (ie. items cannot be concurrently inserted). * * radix_tree_deref_retry must be used to confirm validity of the pointer if * only the read lock is held. * * Return: entry stored in that slot. */ static inline void *radix_tree_deref_slot(void __rcu **slot) { return rcu_dereference(*slot); } /** * radix_tree_deref_slot_protected - dereference a slot with tree lock held * @slot: slot pointer, returned by radix_tree_lookup_slot * * Similar to radix_tree_deref_slot. The caller does not hold the RCU read * lock but it must hold the tree lock to prevent parallel updates. * * Return: entry stored in that slot. */ static inline void *radix_tree_deref_slot_protected(void __rcu **slot, spinlock_t *treelock) { return rcu_dereference_protected(*slot, lockdep_is_held(treelock)); } /** * radix_tree_deref_retry - check radix_tree_deref_slot * @arg: pointer returned by radix_tree_deref_slot * Returns: 0 if retry is not required, otherwise retry is required * * radix_tree_deref_retry must be used with radix_tree_deref_slot. */ static inline int radix_tree_deref_retry(void *arg) { return unlikely(radix_tree_is_internal_node(arg)); } /** * radix_tree_exception - radix_tree_deref_slot returned either exception? * @arg: value returned by radix_tree_deref_slot * Returns: 0 if well-aligned pointer, non-0 if either kind of exception. */ static inline int radix_tree_exception(void *arg) { return unlikely((unsigned long)arg & RADIX_TREE_ENTRY_MASK); } int radix_tree_insert(struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned long index, void *); void *__radix_tree_lookup(const struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned long index, struct radix_tree_node **nodep, void __rcu ***slotp); void *radix_tree_lookup(const struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned long); void __rcu **radix_tree_lookup_slot(const struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned long index); void __radix_tree_replace(struct radix_tree_root *, struct radix_tree_node *, void __rcu **slot, void *entry); void radix_tree_iter_replace(struct radix_tree_root *, const struct radix_tree_iter *, void __rcu **slot, void *entry); void radix_tree_replace_slot(struct radix_tree_root *, void __rcu **slot, void *entry); void radix_tree_iter_delete(struct radix_tree_root *, struct radix_tree_iter *iter, void __rcu **slot); void *radix_tree_delete_item(struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned long, void *); void *radix_tree_delete(struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned long); unsigned int radix_tree_gang_lookup(const struct radix_tree_root *, void **results, unsigned long first_index, unsigned int max_items); int radix_tree_preload(gfp_t gfp_mask); int radix_tree_maybe_preload(gfp_t gfp_mask); void radix_tree_init(void); void *radix_tree_tag_set(struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned long index, unsigned int tag); void *radix_tree_tag_clear(struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned long index, unsigned int tag); int radix_tree_tag_get(const struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned long index, unsigned int tag); void radix_tree_iter_tag_clear(struct radix_tree_root *, const struct radix_tree_iter *iter, unsigned int tag); unsigned int radix_tree_gang_lookup_tag(const struct radix_tree_root *, void **results, unsigned long first_index, unsigned int max_items, unsigned int tag); unsigned int radix_tree_gang_lookup_tag_slot(const struct radix_tree_root *, void __rcu ***results, unsigned long first_index, unsigned int max_items, unsigned int tag); int radix_tree_tagged(const struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned int tag); static inline void radix_tree_preload_end(void) { local_unlock(&radix_tree_preloads.lock); } void __rcu **idr_get_free(struct radix_tree_root *root, struct radix_tree_iter *iter, gfp_t gfp, unsigned long max); enum { RADIX_TREE_ITER_TAG_MASK = 0x0f, /* tag index in lower nybble */ RADIX_TREE_ITER_TAGGED = 0x10, /* lookup tagged slots */ RADIX_TREE_ITER_CONTIG = 0x20, /* stop at first hole */ }; /** * radix_tree_iter_init - initialize radix tree iterator * * @iter: pointer to iterator state * @start: iteration starting index * Returns: NULL */ static __always_inline void __rcu ** radix_tree_iter_init(struct radix_tree_iter *iter, unsigned long start) { /* * Leave iter->tags uninitialized. radix_tree_next_chunk() will fill it * in the case of a successful tagged chunk lookup. If the lookup was * unsuccessful or non-tagged then nobody cares about ->tags. * * Set index to zero to bypass next_index overflow protection. * See the comment in radix_tree_next_chunk() for details. */ iter->index = 0; iter->next_index = start; return NULL; } /** * radix_tree_next_chunk - find next chunk of slots for iteration * * @root: radix tree root * @iter: iterator state * @flags: RADIX_TREE_ITER_* flags and tag index * Returns: pointer to chunk first slot, or NULL if there no more left * * This function looks up the next chunk in the radix tree starting from * @iter->next_index. It returns a pointer to the chunk's first slot. * Also it fills @iter with data about chunk: position in the tree (index), * its end (next_index), and constructs a bit mask for tagged iterating (tags). */ void __rcu **radix_tree_next_chunk(const struct radix_tree_root *, struct radix_tree_iter *iter, unsigned flags); /** * radix_tree_iter_lookup - look up an index in the radix tree * @root: radix tree root * @iter: iterator state * @index: key to look up * * If @index is present in the radix tree, this function returns the slot * containing it and updates @iter to describe the entry. If @index is not * present, it returns NULL. */ static inline void __rcu ** radix_tree_iter_lookup(const struct radix_tree_root *root, struct radix_tree_iter *iter, unsigned long index) { radix_tree_iter_init(iter, index); return radix_tree_next_chunk(root, iter, RADIX_TREE_ITER_CONTIG); } /** * radix_tree_iter_retry - retry this chunk of the iteration * @iter: iterator state * * If we iterate over a tree protected only by the RCU lock, a race * against deletion or creation may result in seeing a slot for which * radix_tree_deref_retry() returns true. If so, call this function * and continue the iteration. */ static inline __must_check void __rcu **radix_tree_iter_retry(struct radix_tree_iter *iter) { iter->next_index = iter->index; iter->tags = 0; return NULL; } static inline unsigned long __radix_tree_iter_add(struct radix_tree_iter *iter, unsigned long slots) { return iter->index + slots; } /** * radix_tree_iter_resume - resume iterating when the chunk may be invalid * @slot: pointer to current slot * @iter: iterator state * Returns: New slot pointer * * If the iterator needs to release then reacquire a lock, the chunk may * have been invalidated by an insertion or deletion. Call this function * before releasing the lock to continue the iteration from the next index. */ void __rcu **__must_check radix_tree_iter_resume(void __rcu **slot, struct radix_tree_iter *iter); /** * radix_tree_chunk_size - get current chunk size * * @iter: pointer to radix tree iterator * Returns: current chunk size */ static __always_inline long radix_tree_chunk_size(struct radix_tree_iter *iter) { return iter->next_index - iter->index; } /** * radix_tree_next_slot - find next slot in chunk * * @slot: pointer to current slot * @iter: pointer to iterator state * @flags: RADIX_TREE_ITER_*, should be constant * Returns: pointer to next slot, or NULL if there no more left * * This function updates @iter->index in the case of a successful lookup. * For tagged lookup it also eats @iter->tags. * * There are several cases where 'slot' can be passed in as NULL to this * function. These cases result from the use of radix_tree_iter_resume() or * radix_tree_iter_retry(). In these cases we don't end up dereferencing * 'slot' because either: * a) we are doing tagged iteration and iter->tags has been set to 0, or * b) we are doing non-tagged iteration, and iter->index and iter->next_index * have been set up so that radix_tree_chunk_size() returns 1 or 0. */ static __always_inline void __rcu **radix_tree_next_slot(void __rcu **slot, struct radix_tree_iter *iter, unsigned flags) { if (flags & RADIX_TREE_ITER_TAGGED) { iter->tags >>= 1; if (unlikely(!iter->tags)) return NULL; if (likely(iter->tags & 1ul)) { iter->index = __radix_tree_iter_add(iter, 1); slot++; goto found; } if (!(flags & RADIX_TREE_ITER_CONTIG)) { unsigned offset = __ffs(iter->tags); iter->tags >>= offset++; iter->index = __radix_tree_iter_add(iter, offset); slot += offset; goto found; } } else { long count = radix_tree_chunk_size(iter); while (--count > 0) { slot++; iter->index = __radix_tree_iter_add(iter, 1); if (likely(*slot)) goto found; if (flags & RADIX_TREE_ITER_CONTIG) { /* forbid switching to the next chunk */ iter->next_index = 0; break; } } } return NULL; found: return slot; } /** * radix_tree_for_each_slot - iterate over non-empty slots * * @slot: the void** variable for pointer to slot * @root: the struct radix_tree_root pointer * @iter: the struct radix_tree_iter pointer * @start: iteration starting index * * @slot points to radix tree slot, @iter->index contains its index. */ #define radix_tree_for_each_slot(slot, root, iter, start) \ for (slot = radix_tree_iter_init(iter, start) ; \ slot || (slot = radix_tree_next_chunk(root, iter, 0)) ; \ slot = radix_tree_next_slot(slot, iter, 0)) /** * radix_tree_for_each_tagged - iterate over tagged slots * * @slot: the void** variable for pointer to slot * @root: the struct radix_tree_root pointer * @iter: the struct radix_tree_iter pointer * @start: iteration starting index * @tag: tag index * * @slot points to radix tree slot, @iter->index contains its index. */ #define radix_tree_for_each_tagged(slot, root, iter, start, tag) \ for (slot = radix_tree_iter_init(iter, start) ; \ slot || (slot = radix_tree_next_chunk(root, iter, \ RADIX_TREE_ITER_TAGGED | tag)) ; \ slot = radix_tree_next_slot(slot, iter, \ RADIX_TREE_ITER_TAGGED | tag)) #endif /* _LINUX_RADIX_TREE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __NET_RTNH_H #define __NET_RTNH_H #include <linux/rtnetlink.h> #include <net/netlink.h> static inline int rtnh_ok(const struct rtnexthop *rtnh, int remaining) { return remaining >= (int)sizeof(*rtnh) && rtnh->rtnh_len >= sizeof(*rtnh) && rtnh->rtnh_len <= remaining; } static inline struct rtnexthop *rtnh_next(const struct rtnexthop *rtnh, int *remaining) { int totlen = NLA_ALIGN(rtnh->rtnh_len); *remaining -= totlen; return (struct rtnexthop *) ((char *) rtnh + totlen); } static inline struct nlattr *rtnh_attrs(const struct rtnexthop *rtnh) { return (struct nlattr *) ((char *) rtnh + NLA_ALIGN(sizeof(*rtnh))); } static inline int rtnh_attrlen(const struct rtnexthop *rtnh) { return rtnh->rtnh_len - NLA_ALIGN(sizeof(*rtnh)); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __ASM_X86_XSAVE_H #define __ASM_X86_XSAVE_H #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <asm/processor.h> #include <asm/user.h> /* Bit 63 of XCR0 is reserved for future expansion */ #define XFEATURE_MASK_EXTEND (~(XFEATURE_MASK_FPSSE | (1ULL << 63))) #define XSTATE_CPUID 0x0000000d #define FXSAVE_SIZE 512 #define XSAVE_HDR_SIZE 64 #define XSAVE_HDR_OFFSET FXSAVE_SIZE #define XSAVE_YMM_SIZE 256 #define XSAVE_YMM_OFFSET (XSAVE_HDR_SIZE + XSAVE_HDR_OFFSET) #define XSAVE_ALIGNMENT 64 /* All currently supported user features */ #define XFEATURE_MASK_USER_SUPPORTED (XFEATURE_MASK_FP | \ XFEATURE_MASK_SSE | \ XFEATURE_MASK_YMM | \ XFEATURE_MASK_OPMASK | \ XFEATURE_MASK_ZMM_Hi256 | \ XFEATURE_MASK_Hi16_ZMM | \ XFEATURE_MASK_PKRU | \ XFEATURE_MASK_BNDREGS | \ XFEATURE_MASK_BNDCSR) /* All currently supported supervisor features */ #define XFEATURE_MASK_SUPERVISOR_SUPPORTED (XFEATURE_MASK_PASID) /* * A supervisor state component may not always contain valuable information, * and its size may be huge. Saving/restoring such supervisor state components * at each context switch can cause high CPU and space overhead, which should * be avoided. Such supervisor state components should only be saved/restored * on demand. The on-demand dynamic supervisor features are set in this mask. * * Unlike the existing supported supervisor features, a dynamic supervisor * feature does not allocate a buffer in task->fpu, and the corresponding * supervisor state component cannot be saved/restored at each context switch. * * To support a dynamic supervisor feature, a developer should follow the * dos and don'ts as below: * - Do dynamically allocate a buffer for the supervisor state component. * - Do manually invoke the XSAVES/XRSTORS instruction to save/restore the * state component to/from the buffer. * - Don't set the bit corresponding to the dynamic supervisor feature in * IA32_XSS at run time, since it has been set at boot time. */ #define XFEATURE_MASK_DYNAMIC (XFEATURE_MASK_LBR) /* * Unsupported supervisor features. When a supervisor feature in this mask is * supported in the future, move it to the supported supervisor feature mask. */ #define XFEATURE_MASK_SUPERVISOR_UNSUPPORTED (XFEATURE_MASK_PT) /* All supervisor states including supported and unsupported states. */ #define XFEATURE_MASK_SUPERVISOR_ALL (XFEATURE_MASK_SUPERVISOR_SUPPORTED | \ XFEATURE_MASK_DYNAMIC | \ XFEATURE_MASK_SUPERVISOR_UNSUPPORTED) #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 #define REX_PREFIX "0x48, " #else #define REX_PREFIX #endif extern u64 xfeatures_mask_all; static inline u64 xfeatures_mask_supervisor(void) { return xfeatures_mask_all & XFEATURE_MASK_SUPERVISOR_SUPPORTED; } static inline u64 xfeatures_mask_user(void) { return xfeatures_mask_all & XFEATURE_MASK_USER_SUPPORTED; } static inline u64 xfeatures_mask_dynamic(void) { if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_ARCH_LBR)) return XFEATURE_MASK_DYNAMIC & ~XFEATURE_MASK_LBR; return XFEATURE_MASK_DYNAMIC; } extern u64 xstate_fx_sw_bytes[USER_XSTATE_FX_SW_WORDS]; extern void __init update_regset_xstate_info(unsigned int size, u64 xstate_mask); void *get_xsave_addr(struct xregs_state *xsave, int xfeature_nr); const void *get_xsave_field_ptr(int xfeature_nr); int using_compacted_format(void); int xfeature_size(int xfeature_nr); struct membuf; void copy_xstate_to_kernel(struct membuf to, struct xregs_state *xsave); int copy_kernel_to_xstate(struct xregs_state *xsave, const void *kbuf); int copy_user_to_xstate(struct xregs_state *xsave, const void __user *ubuf); void copy_supervisor_to_kernel(struct xregs_state *xsave); void copy_dynamic_supervisor_to_kernel(struct xregs_state *xstate, u64 mask); void copy_kernel_to_dynamic_supervisor(struct xregs_state *xstate, u64 mask); /* Validate an xstate header supplied by userspace (ptrace or sigreturn) */ int validate_user_xstate_header(const struct xstate_header *hdr); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _FAT_H #define _FAT_H #include <linux/buffer_head.h> #include <linux/nls.h> #include <linux/hash.h> #include <linux/ratelimit.h> #include <linux/msdos_fs.h> /* * vfat shortname flags */ #define VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_LOWER 0x0001 /* convert to lowercase for display */ #define VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_WIN95 0x0002 /* emulate win95 rule for display */ #define VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_WINNT 0x0004 /* emulate winnt rule for display */ #define VFAT_SFN_CREATE_WIN95 0x0100 /* emulate win95 rule for create */ #define VFAT_SFN_CREATE_WINNT 0x0200 /* emulate winnt rule for create */ #define FAT_ERRORS_CONT 1 /* ignore error and continue */ #define FAT_ERRORS_PANIC 2 /* panic on error */ #define FAT_ERRORS_RO 3 /* remount r/o on error */ #define FAT_NFS_STALE_RW 1 /* NFS RW support, can cause ESTALE */ #define FAT_NFS_NOSTALE_RO 2 /* NFS RO support, no ESTALE issue */ struct fat_mount_options { kuid_t fs_uid; kgid_t fs_gid; unsigned short fs_fmask; unsigned short fs_dmask; unsigned short codepage; /* Codepage for shortname conversions */ int time_offset; /* Offset of timestamps from UTC (in minutes) */ char *iocharset; /* Charset used for filename input/display */ unsigned short shortname; /* flags for shortname display/create rule */ unsigned char name_check; /* r = relaxed, n = normal, s = strict */ unsigned char errors; /* On error: continue, panic, remount-ro */ unsigned char nfs; /* NFS support: nostale_ro, stale_rw */ unsigned short allow_utime;/* permission for setting the [am]time */ unsigned quiet:1, /* set = fake successful chmods and chowns */ showexec:1, /* set = only set x bit for com/exe/bat */ sys_immutable:1, /* set = system files are immutable */ dotsOK:1, /* set = hidden and system files are named '.filename' */ isvfat:1, /* 0=no vfat long filename support, 1=vfat support */ utf8:1, /* Use of UTF-8 character set (Default) */ unicode_xlate:1, /* create escape sequences for unhandled Unicode */ numtail:1, /* Does first alias have a numeric '~1' type tail? */ flush:1, /* write things quickly */ nocase:1, /* Does this need case conversion? 0=need case conversion*/ usefree:1, /* Use free_clusters for FAT32 */ tz_set:1, /* Filesystem timestamps' offset set */ rodir:1, /* allow ATTR_RO for directory */ discard:1, /* Issue discard requests on deletions */ dos1xfloppy:1; /* Assume default BPB for DOS 1.x floppies */ }; #define FAT_HASH_BITS 8 #define FAT_HASH_SIZE (1UL << FAT_HASH_BITS) /* * MS-DOS file system in-core superblock data */ struct msdos_sb_info { unsigned short sec_per_clus; /* sectors/cluster */ unsigned short cluster_bits; /* log2(cluster_size) */ unsigned int cluster_size; /* cluster size */ unsigned char fats, fat_bits; /* number of FATs, FAT bits (12,16 or 32) */ unsigned short fat_start; unsigned long fat_length; /* FAT start & length (sec.) */ unsigned long dir_start; unsigned short dir_entries; /* root dir start & entries */ unsigned long data_start; /* first data sector */ unsigned long max_cluster; /* maximum cluster number */ unsigned long root_cluster; /* first cluster of the root directory */ unsigned long fsinfo_sector; /* sector number of FAT32 fsinfo */ struct mutex fat_lock; struct mutex nfs_build_inode_lock; struct mutex s_lock; unsigned int prev_free; /* previously allocated cluster number */ unsigned int free_clusters; /* -1 if undefined */ unsigned int free_clus_valid; /* is free_clusters valid? */ struct fat_mount_options options; struct nls_table *nls_disk; /* Codepage used on disk */ struct nls_table *nls_io; /* Charset used for input and display */ const void *dir_ops; /* Opaque; default directory operations */ int dir_per_block; /* dir entries per block */ int dir_per_block_bits; /* log2(dir_per_block) */ unsigned int vol_id; /*volume ID*/ int fatent_shift; const struct fatent_operations *fatent_ops; struct inode *fat_inode; struct inode *fsinfo_inode; struct ratelimit_state ratelimit; spinlock_t inode_hash_lock; struct hlist_head inode_hashtable[FAT_HASH_SIZE]; spinlock_t dir_hash_lock; struct hlist_head dir_hashtable[FAT_HASH_SIZE]; unsigned int dirty; /* fs state before mount */ struct rcu_head rcu; }; #define FAT_CACHE_VALID 0 /* special case for valid cache */ /* * MS-DOS file system inode data in memory */ struct msdos_inode_info { spinlock_t cache_lru_lock; struct list_head cache_lru; int nr_caches; /* for avoiding the race between fat_free() and fat_get_cluster() */ unsigned int cache_valid_id; /* NOTE: mmu_private is 64bits, so must hold ->i_mutex to access */ loff_t mmu_private; /* physically allocated size */ int i_start; /* first cluster or 0 */ int i_logstart; /* logical first cluster */ int i_attrs; /* unused attribute bits */ loff_t i_pos; /* on-disk position of directory entry or 0 */ struct hlist_node i_fat_hash; /* hash by i_location */ struct hlist_node i_dir_hash; /* hash by i_logstart */ struct rw_semaphore truncate_lock; /* protect bmap against truncate */ struct inode vfs_inode; }; struct fat_slot_info { loff_t i_pos; /* on-disk position of directory entry */ loff_t slot_off; /* offset for slot or de start */ int nr_slots; /* number of slots + 1(de) in filename */ struct msdos_dir_entry *de; struct buffer_head *bh; }; static inline struct msdos_sb_info *MSDOS_SB(struct super_block *sb) { return sb->s_fs_info; } /* * Functions that determine the variant of the FAT file system (i.e., * whether this is FAT12, FAT16 or FAT32. */ static inline bool is_fat12(const struct msdos_sb_info *sbi) { return sbi->fat_bits == 12; } static inline bool is_fat16(const struct msdos_sb_info *sbi) { return sbi->fat_bits == 16; } static inline bool is_fat32(const struct msdos_sb_info *sbi) { return sbi->fat_bits == 32; } /* Maximum number of clusters */ static inline u32 max_fat(struct super_block *sb) { struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(sb); return is_fat32(sbi) ? MAX_FAT32 : is_fat16(sbi) ? MAX_FAT16 : MAX_FAT12; } static inline struct msdos_inode_info *MSDOS_I(struct inode *inode) { return container_of(inode, struct msdos_inode_info, vfs_inode); } /* * If ->i_mode can't hold S_IWUGO (i.e. ATTR_RO), we use ->i_attrs to * save ATTR_RO instead of ->i_mode. * * If it's directory and !sbi->options.rodir, ATTR_RO isn't read-only * bit, it's just used as flag for app. */ static inline int fat_mode_can_hold_ro(struct inode *inode) { struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(inode->i_sb); umode_t mask; if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) { if (!sbi->options.rodir) return 0; mask = ~sbi->options.fs_dmask; } else mask = ~sbi->options.fs_fmask; if (!(mask & S_IWUGO)) return 0; return 1; } /* Convert attribute bits and a mask to the UNIX mode. */ static inline umode_t fat_make_mode(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, u8 attrs, umode_t mode) { if (attrs & ATTR_RO && !((attrs & ATTR_DIR) && !sbi->options.rodir)) mode &= ~S_IWUGO; if (attrs & ATTR_DIR) return (mode & ~sbi->options.fs_dmask) | S_IFDIR; else return (mode & ~sbi->options.fs_fmask) | S_IFREG; } /* Return the FAT attribute byte for this inode */ static inline u8 fat_make_attrs(struct inode *inode) { u8 attrs = MSDOS_I(inode)->i_attrs; if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) attrs |= ATTR_DIR; if (fat_mode_can_hold_ro(inode) && !(inode->i_mode & S_IWUGO)) attrs |= ATTR_RO; return attrs; } static inline void fat_save_attrs(struct inode *inode, u8 attrs) { if (fat_mode_can_hold_ro(inode)) MSDOS_I(inode)->i_attrs = attrs & ATTR_UNUSED; else MSDOS_I(inode)->i_attrs = attrs & (ATTR_UNUSED | ATTR_RO); } static inline unsigned char fat_checksum(const __u8 *name) { unsigned char s = name[0]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[1]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[2]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[3]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[4]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[5]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[6]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[7]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[8]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[9]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[10]; return s; } static inline sector_t fat_clus_to_blknr(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, int clus) { return ((sector_t)clus - FAT_START_ENT) * sbi->sec_per_clus + sbi->data_start; } static inline void fat_get_blknr_offset(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, loff_t i_pos, sector_t *blknr, int *offset) { *blknr = i_pos >> sbi->dir_per_block_bits; *offset = i_pos & (sbi->dir_per_block - 1); } static inline loff_t fat_i_pos_read(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, struct inode *inode) { loff_t i_pos; #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 spin_lock(&sbi->inode_hash_lock); #endif i_pos = MSDOS_I(inode)->i_pos; #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 spin_unlock(&sbi->inode_hash_lock); #endif return i_pos; } static inline void fat16_towchar(wchar_t *dst, const __u8 *src, size_t len) { #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN while (len--) { *dst++ = src[0] | (src[1] << 8); src += 2; } #else memcpy(dst, src, len * 2); #endif } static inline int fat_get_start(const struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, const struct msdos_dir_entry *de) { int cluster = le16_to_cpu(de->start); if (is_fat32(sbi)) cluster |= (le16_to_cpu(de->starthi) << 16); return cluster; } static inline void fat_set_start(struct msdos_dir_entry *de, int cluster) { de->start = cpu_to_le16(cluster); de->starthi = cpu_to_le16(cluster >> 16); } static inline void fatwchar_to16(__u8 *dst, const wchar_t *src, size_t len) { #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN while (len--) { dst[0] = *src & 0x00FF; dst[1] = (*src & 0xFF00) >> 8; dst += 2; src++; } #else memcpy(dst, src, len * 2); #endif } /* fat/cache.c */ extern void fat_cache_inval_inode(struct inode *inode); extern int fat_get_cluster(struct inode *inode, int cluster, int *fclus, int *dclus); extern int fat_get_mapped_cluster(struct inode *inode, sector_t sector, sector_t last_block, unsigned long *mapped_blocks, sector_t *bmap); extern int fat_bmap(struct inode *inode, sector_t sector, sector_t *phys, unsigned long *mapped_blocks, int create, bool from_bmap); /* fat/dir.c */ extern const struct file_operations fat_dir_operations; extern int fat_search_long(struct inode *inode, const unsigned char *name, int name_len, struct fat_slot_info *sinfo); extern int fat_dir_empty(struct inode *dir); extern int fat_subdirs(struct inode *dir); extern int fat_scan(struct inode *dir, const unsigned char *name, struct fat_slot_info *sinfo); extern int fat_scan_logstart(struct inode *dir, int i_logstart, struct fat_slot_info *sinfo); extern int fat_get_dotdot_entry(struct inode *dir, struct buffer_head **bh, struct msdos_dir_entry **de); extern int fat_alloc_new_dir(struct inode *dir, struct timespec64 *ts); extern int fat_add_entries(struct inode *dir, void *slots, int nr_slots, struct fat_slot_info *sinfo); extern int fat_remove_entries(struct inode *dir, struct fat_slot_info *sinfo); /* fat/fatent.c */ struct fat_entry { int entry; union { u8 *ent12_p[2]; __le16 *ent16_p; __le32 *ent32_p; } u; int nr_bhs; struct buffer_head *bhs[2]; struct inode *fat_inode; }; static inline void fatent_init(struct fat_entry *fatent) { fatent->nr_bhs = 0; fatent->entry = 0; fatent->u.ent32_p = NULL; fatent->bhs[0] = fatent->bhs[1] = NULL; fatent->fat_inode = NULL; } static inline void fatent_set_entry(struct fat_entry *fatent, int entry) { fatent->entry = entry; fatent->u.ent32_p = NULL; } static inline void fatent_brelse(struct fat_entry *fatent) { int i; fatent->u.ent32_p = NULL; for (i = 0; i < fatent->nr_bhs; i++) brelse(fatent->bhs[i]); fatent->nr_bhs = 0; fatent->bhs[0] = fatent->bhs[1] = NULL; fatent->fat_inode = NULL; } static inline bool fat_valid_entry(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, int entry) { return FAT_START_ENT <= entry && entry < sbi->max_cluster; } extern void fat_ent_access_init(struct super_block *sb); extern int fat_ent_read(struct inode *inode, struct fat_entry *fatent, int entry); extern int fat_ent_write(struct inode *inode, struct fat_entry *fatent, int new, int wait); extern int fat_alloc_clusters(struct inode *inode, int *cluster, int nr_cluster); extern int fat_free_clusters(struct inode *inode, int cluster); extern int fat_count_free_clusters(struct super_block *sb); extern int fat_trim_fs(struct inode *inode, struct fstrim_range *range); /* fat/file.c */ extern long fat_generic_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); extern const struct file_operations fat_file_operations; extern const struct inode_operations fat_file_inode_operations; extern int fat_setattr(struct dentry *dentry, struct iattr *attr); extern void fat_truncate_blocks(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset); extern int fat_getattr(const struct path *path, struct kstat *stat, u32 request_mask, unsigned int flags); extern int fat_file_fsync(struct file *file, loff_t start, loff_t end, int datasync); /* fat/inode.c */ extern int fat_block_truncate_page(struct inode *inode, loff_t from); extern void fat_attach(struct inode *inode, loff_t i_pos); extern void fat_detach(struct inode *inode); extern struct inode *fat_iget(struct super_block *sb, loff_t i_pos); extern struct inode *fat_build_inode(struct super_block *sb, struct msdos_dir_entry *de, loff_t i_pos); extern int fat_sync_inode(struct inode *inode); extern int fat_fill_super(struct super_block *sb, void *data, int silent, int isvfat, void (*setup)(struct super_block *)); extern int fat_fill_inode(struct inode *inode, struct msdos_dir_entry *de); extern int fat_flush_inodes(struct super_block *sb, struct inode *i1, struct inode *i2); static inline unsigned long fat_dir_hash(int logstart) { return hash_32(logstart, FAT_HASH_BITS); } extern int fat_add_cluster(struct inode *inode); /* fat/misc.c */ extern __printf(3, 4) __cold void __fat_fs_error(struct super_block *sb, int report, const char *fmt, ...); #define fat_fs_error(sb, fmt, args...) \ __fat_fs_error(sb, 1, fmt , ## args) #define fat_fs_error_ratelimit(sb, fmt, args...) \ __fat_fs_error(sb, __ratelimit(&MSDOS_SB(sb)->ratelimit), fmt , ## args) __printf(3, 4) __cold void fat_msg(struct super_block *sb, const char *level, const char *fmt, ...); #define fat_msg_ratelimit(sb, level, fmt, args...) \ do { \ if (__ratelimit(&MSDOS_SB(sb)->ratelimit)) \ fat_msg(sb, level, fmt, ## args); \ } while (0) extern int fat_clusters_flush(struct super_block *sb); extern int fat_chain_add(struct inode *inode, int new_dclus, int nr_cluster); extern void fat_time_fat2unix(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, struct timespec64 *ts, __le16 __time, __le16 __date, u8 time_cs); extern void fat_time_unix2fat(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, struct timespec64 *ts, __le16 *time, __le16 *date, u8 *time_cs); extern int fat_truncate_time(struct inode *inode, struct timespec64 *now, int flags); extern int fat_update_time(struct inode *inode, struct timespec64 *now, int flags); extern int fat_sync_bhs(struct buffer_head **bhs, int nr_bhs); int fat_cache_init(void); void fat_cache_destroy(void); /* fat/nfs.c */ extern const struct export_operations fat_export_ops; extern const struct export_operations fat_export_ops_nostale; /* helper for printk */ typedef unsigned long long llu; #endif /* !_FAT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Definitions and Declarations for tuple. * * 16 Dec 2003: Yasuyuki Kozakai @USAGI <yasuyuki.kozakai@toshiba.co.jp> * - generalize L3 protocol dependent part. * * Derived from include/linux/netfiter_ipv4/ip_conntrack_tuple.h */ #ifndef _NF_CONNTRACK_TUPLE_H #define _NF_CONNTRACK_TUPLE_H #include <linux/netfilter/x_tables.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_tuple_common.h> #include <linux/list_nulls.h> /* A `tuple' is a structure containing the information to uniquely identify a connection. ie. if two packets have the same tuple, they are in the same connection; if not, they are not. We divide the structure along "manipulatable" and "non-manipulatable" lines, for the benefit of the NAT code. */ #define NF_CT_TUPLE_L3SIZE ARRAY_SIZE(((union nf_inet_addr *)NULL)->all) /* The manipulable part of the tuple. */ struct nf_conntrack_man { union nf_inet_addr u3; union nf_conntrack_man_proto u; /* Layer 3 protocol */ u_int16_t l3num; }; /* This contains the information to distinguish a connection. */ struct nf_conntrack_tuple { struct nf_conntrack_man src; /* These are the parts of the tuple which are fixed. */ struct { union nf_inet_addr u3; union { /* Add other protocols here. */ __be16 all; struct { __be16 port; } tcp; struct { __be16 port; } udp; struct { u_int8_t type, code; } icmp; struct { __be16 port; } dccp; struct { __be16 port; } sctp; struct { __be16 key; } gre; } u; /* The protocol. */ u_int8_t protonum; /* The direction (for tuplehash) */ u_int8_t dir; } dst; }; struct nf_conntrack_tuple_mask { struct { union nf_inet_addr u3; union nf_conntrack_man_proto u; } src; }; static inline void nf_ct_dump_tuple_ip(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t) { #ifdef DEBUG printk("tuple %p: %u %pI4:%hu -> %pI4:%hu\n", t, t->dst.protonum, &t->src.u3.ip, ntohs(t->src.u.all), &t->dst.u3.ip, ntohs(t->dst.u.all)); #endif } static inline void nf_ct_dump_tuple_ipv6(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t) { #ifdef DEBUG printk("tuple %p: %u %pI6 %hu -> %pI6 %hu\n", t, t->dst.protonum, t->src.u3.all, ntohs(t->src.u.all), t->dst.u3.all, ntohs(t->dst.u.all)); #endif } static inline void nf_ct_dump_tuple(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t) { switch (t->src.l3num) { case AF_INET: nf_ct_dump_tuple_ip(t); break; case AF_INET6: nf_ct_dump_tuple_ipv6(t); break; } } /* If we're the first tuple, it's the original dir. */ #define NF_CT_DIRECTION(h) \ ((enum ip_conntrack_dir)(h)->tuple.dst.dir) /* Connections have two entries in the hash table: one for each way */ struct nf_conntrack_tuple_hash { struct hlist_nulls_node hnnode; struct nf_conntrack_tuple tuple; }; static inline bool __nf_ct_tuple_src_equal(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t1, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t2) { return (nf_inet_addr_cmp(&t1->src.u3, &t2->src.u3) && t1->src.u.all == t2->src.u.all && t1->src.l3num == t2->src.l3num); } static inline bool __nf_ct_tuple_dst_equal(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t1, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t2) { return (nf_inet_addr_cmp(&t1->dst.u3, &t2->dst.u3) && t1->dst.u.all == t2->dst.u.all && t1->dst.protonum == t2->dst.protonum); } static inline bool nf_ct_tuple_equal(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t1, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t2) { return __nf_ct_tuple_src_equal(t1, t2) && __nf_ct_tuple_dst_equal(t1, t2); } static inline bool nf_ct_tuple_mask_equal(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple_mask *m1, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple_mask *m2) { return (nf_inet_addr_cmp(&m1->src.u3, &m2->src.u3) && m1->src.u.all == m2->src.u.all); } static inline bool nf_ct_tuple_src_mask_cmp(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t1, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t2, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple_mask *mask) { int count; for (count = 0; count < NF_CT_TUPLE_L3SIZE; count++) { if ((t1->src.u3.all[count] ^ t2->src.u3.all[count]) & mask->src.u3.all[count]) return false; } if ((t1->src.u.all ^ t2->src.u.all) & mask->src.u.all) return false; if (t1->src.l3num != t2->src.l3num || t1->dst.protonum != t2->dst.protonum) return false; return true; } static inline bool nf_ct_tuple_mask_cmp(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *tuple, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple_mask *mask) { return nf_ct_tuple_src_mask_cmp(t, tuple, mask) && __nf_ct_tuple_dst_equal(t, tuple); } #endif /* _NF_CONNTRACK_TUPLE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_DESC_H #define _ASM_X86_DESC_H #include <asm/desc_defs.h> #include <asm/ldt.h> #include <asm/mmu.h> #include <asm/fixmap.h> #include <asm/irq_vectors.h> #include <asm/cpu_entry_area.h> #include <linux/smp.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> static inline void fill_ldt(struct desc_struct *desc, const struct user_desc *info) { desc->limit0 = info->limit & 0x0ffff; desc->base0 = (info->base_addr & 0x0000ffff); desc->base1 = (info->base_addr & 0x00ff0000) >> 16; desc->type = (info->read_exec_only ^ 1) << 1; desc->type |= info->contents << 2; /* Set the ACCESS bit so it can be mapped RO */ desc->type |= 1; desc->s = 1; desc->dpl = 0x3; desc->p = info->seg_not_present ^ 1; desc->limit1 = (info->limit & 0xf0000) >> 16; desc->avl = info->useable; desc->d = info->seg_32bit; desc->g = info->limit_in_pages; desc->base2 = (info->base_addr & 0xff000000) >> 24; /* * Don't allow setting of the lm bit. It would confuse * user_64bit_mode and would get overridden by sysret anyway. */ desc->l = 0; } struct gdt_page { struct desc_struct gdt[GDT_ENTRIES]; } __attribute__((aligned(PAGE_SIZE))); DECLARE_PER_CPU_PAGE_ALIGNED(struct gdt_page, gdt_page); /* Provide the original GDT */ static inline struct desc_struct *get_cpu_gdt_rw(unsigned int cpu) { return per_cpu(gdt_page, cpu).gdt; } /* Provide the current original GDT */ static inline struct desc_struct *get_current_gdt_rw(void) { return this_cpu_ptr(&gdt_page)->gdt; } /* Provide the fixmap address of the remapped GDT */ static inline struct desc_struct *get_cpu_gdt_ro(int cpu) { return (struct desc_struct *)&get_cpu_entry_area(cpu)->gdt; } /* Provide the current read-only GDT */ static inline struct desc_struct *get_current_gdt_ro(void) { return get_cpu_gdt_ro(smp_processor_id()); } /* Provide the physical address of the GDT page. */ static inline phys_addr_t get_cpu_gdt_paddr(unsigned int cpu) { return per_cpu_ptr_to_phys(get_cpu_gdt_rw(cpu)); } static inline void pack_gate(gate_desc *gate, unsigned type, unsigned long func, unsigned dpl, unsigned ist, unsigned seg) { gate->offset_low = (u16) func; gate->bits.p = 1; gate->bits.dpl = dpl; gate->bits.zero = 0; gate->bits.type = type; gate->offset_middle = (u16) (func >> 16); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 gate->segment = __KERNEL_CS; gate->bits.ist = ist; gate->reserved = 0; gate->offset_high = (u32) (func >> 32); #else gate->segment = seg; gate->bits.ist = 0; #endif } static inline int desc_empty(const void *ptr) { const u32 *desc = ptr; return !(desc[0] | desc[1]); } #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL #include <asm/paravirt.h> #else #define load_TR_desc() native_load_tr_desc() #define load_gdt(dtr) native_load_gdt(dtr) #define load_idt(dtr) native_load_idt(dtr) #define load_tr(tr) asm volatile("ltr %0"::"m" (tr)) #define load_ldt(ldt) asm volatile("lldt %0"::"m" (ldt)) #define store_gdt(dtr) native_store_gdt(dtr) #define store_tr(tr) (tr = native_store_tr()) #define load_TLS(t, cpu) native_load_tls(t, cpu) #define set_ldt native_set_ldt #define write_ldt_entry(dt, entry, desc) native_write_ldt_entry(dt, entry, desc) #define write_gdt_entry(dt, entry, desc, type) native_write_gdt_entry(dt, entry, desc, type) #define write_idt_entry(dt, entry, g) native_write_idt_entry(dt, entry, g) static inline void paravirt_alloc_ldt(struct desc_struct *ldt, unsigned entries) { } static inline void paravirt_free_ldt(struct desc_struct *ldt, unsigned entries) { } #endif /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL */ #define store_ldt(ldt) asm("sldt %0" : "=m"(ldt)) static inline void native_write_idt_entry(gate_desc *idt, int entry, const gate_desc *gate) { memcpy(&idt[entry], gate, sizeof(*gate)); } static inline void native_write_ldt_entry(struct desc_struct *ldt, int entry, const void *desc) { memcpy(&ldt[entry], desc, 8); } static inline void native_write_gdt_entry(struct desc_struct *gdt, int entry, const void *desc, int type) { unsigned int size; switch (type) { case DESC_TSS: size = sizeof(tss_desc); break; case DESC_LDT: size = sizeof(ldt_desc); break; default: size = sizeof(*gdt); break; } memcpy(&gdt[entry], desc, size); } static inline void set_tssldt_descriptor(void *d, unsigned long addr, unsigned type, unsigned size) { struct ldttss_desc *desc = d; memset(desc, 0, sizeof(*desc)); desc->limit0 = (u16) size; desc->base0 = (u16) addr; desc->base1 = (addr >> 16) & 0xFF; desc->type = type; desc->p = 1; desc->limit1 = (size >> 16) & 0xF; desc->base2 = (addr >> 24) & 0xFF; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 desc->base3 = (u32) (addr >> 32); #endif } static inline void __set_tss_desc(unsigned cpu, unsigned int entry, struct x86_hw_tss *addr) { struct desc_struct *d = get_cpu_gdt_rw(cpu); tss_desc tss; set_tssldt_descriptor(&tss, (unsigned long)addr, DESC_TSS, __KERNEL_TSS_LIMIT); write_gdt_entry(d, entry, &tss, DESC_TSS); } #define set_tss_desc(cpu, addr) __set_tss_desc(cpu, GDT_ENTRY_TSS, addr) static inline void native_set_ldt(const void *addr, unsigned int entries) { if (likely(entries == 0)) asm volatile("lldt %w0"::"q" (0)); else { unsigned cpu = smp_processor_id(); ldt_desc ldt; set_tssldt_descriptor(&ldt, (unsigned long)addr, DESC_LDT, entries * LDT_ENTRY_SIZE - 1); write_gdt_entry(get_cpu_gdt_rw(cpu), GDT_ENTRY_LDT, &ldt, DESC_LDT); asm volatile("lldt %w0"::"q" (GDT_ENTRY_LDT*8)); } } static inline void native_load_gdt(const struct desc_ptr *dtr) { asm volatile("lgdt %0"::"m" (*dtr)); } static __always_inline void native_load_idt(const struct desc_ptr *dtr) { asm volatile("lidt %0"::"m" (*dtr)); } static inline void native_store_gdt(struct desc_ptr *dtr) { asm volatile("sgdt %0":"=m" (*dtr)); } static inline void store_idt(struct desc_ptr *dtr) { asm volatile("sidt %0":"=m" (*dtr)); } /* * The LTR instruction marks the TSS GDT entry as busy. On 64-bit, the GDT is * a read-only remapping. To prevent a page fault, the GDT is switched to the * original writeable version when needed. */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 static inline void native_load_tr_desc(void) { struct desc_ptr gdt; int cpu = raw_smp_processor_id(); bool restore = 0; struct desc_struct *fixmap_gdt; native_store_gdt(&gdt); fixmap_gdt = get_cpu_gdt_ro(cpu); /* * If the current GDT is the read-only fixmap, swap to the original * writeable version. Swap back at the end. */ if (gdt.address == (unsigned long)fixmap_gdt) { load_direct_gdt(cpu); restore = 1; } asm volatile("ltr %w0"::"q" (GDT_ENTRY_TSS*8)); if (restore) load_fixmap_gdt(cpu); } #else static inline void native_load_tr_desc(void) { asm volatile("ltr %w0"::"q" (GDT_ENTRY_TSS*8)); } #endif static inline unsigned long native_store_tr(void) { unsigned long tr; asm volatile("str %0":"=r" (tr)); return tr; } static inline void native_load_tls(struct thread_struct *t, unsigned int cpu) { struct desc_struct *gdt = get_cpu_gdt_rw(cpu); unsigned int i; for (i = 0; i < GDT_ENTRY_TLS_ENTRIES; i++) gdt[GDT_ENTRY_TLS_MIN + i] = t->tls_array[i]; } DECLARE_PER_CPU(bool, __tss_limit_invalid); static inline void force_reload_TR(void) { struct desc_struct *d = get_current_gdt_rw(); tss_desc tss; memcpy(&tss, &d[GDT_ENTRY_TSS], sizeof(tss_desc)); /* * LTR requires an available TSS, and the TSS is currently * busy. Make it be available so that LTR will work. */ tss.type = DESC_TSS; write_gdt_entry(d, GDT_ENTRY_TSS, &tss, DESC_TSS); load_TR_desc(); this_cpu_write(__tss_limit_invalid, false); } /* * Call this if you need the TSS limit to be correct, which should be the case * if and only if you have TIF_IO_BITMAP set or you're switching to a task * with TIF_IO_BITMAP set. */ static inline void refresh_tss_limit(void) { DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(preemptible()); if (unlikely(this_cpu_read(__tss_limit_invalid))) force_reload_TR(); } /* * If you do something evil that corrupts the cached TSS limit (I'm looking * at you, VMX exits), call this function. * * The optimization here is that the TSS limit only matters for Linux if the * IO bitmap is in use. If the TSS limit gets forced to its minimum value, * everything works except that IO bitmap will be ignored and all CPL 3 IO * instructions will #GP, which is exactly what we want for normal tasks. */ static inline void invalidate_tss_limit(void) { DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(preemptible()); if (unlikely(test_thread_flag(TIF_IO_BITMAP))) force_reload_TR(); else this_cpu_write(__tss_limit_invalid, true); } /* This intentionally ignores lm, since 32-bit apps don't have that field. */ #define LDT_empty(info) \ ((info)->base_addr == 0 && \ (info)->limit == 0 && \ (info)->contents == 0 && \ (info)->read_exec_only == 1 && \ (info)->seg_32bit == 0 && \ (info)->limit_in_pages == 0 && \ (info)->seg_not_present == 1 && \ (info)->useable == 0) /* Lots of programs expect an all-zero user_desc to mean "no segment at all". */ static inline bool LDT_zero(const struct user_desc *info) { return (info->base_addr == 0 && info->limit == 0 && info->contents == 0 && info->read_exec_only == 0 && info->seg_32bit == 0 && info->limit_in_pages == 0 && info->seg_not_present == 0 && info->useable == 0); } static inline void clear_LDT(void) { set_ldt(NULL, 0); } static inline unsigned long get_desc_base(const struct desc_struct *desc) { return (unsigned)(desc->base0 | ((desc->base1) << 16) | ((desc->base2) << 24)); } static inline void set_desc_base(struct desc_struct *desc, unsigned long base) { desc->base0 = base & 0xffff; desc->base1 = (base >> 16) & 0xff; desc->base2 = (base >> 24) & 0xff; } static inline unsigned long get_desc_limit(const struct desc_struct *desc) { return desc->limit0 | (desc->limit1 << 16); } static inline void set_desc_limit(struct desc_struct *desc, unsigned long limit) { desc->limit0 = limit & 0xffff; desc->limit1 = (limit >> 16) & 0xf; } void alloc_intr_gate(unsigned int n, const void *addr); static inline void init_idt_data(struct idt_data *data, unsigned int n, const void *addr) { BUG_ON(n > 0xFF); memset(data, 0, sizeof(*data)); data->vector = n; data->addr = addr; data->segment = __KERNEL_CS; data->bits.type = GATE_INTERRUPT; data->bits.p = 1; } static inline void idt_init_desc(gate_desc *gate, const struct idt_data *d) { unsigned long addr = (unsigned long) d->addr; gate->offset_low = (u16) addr; gate->segment = (u16) d->segment; gate->bits = d->bits; gate->offset_middle = (u16) (addr >> 16); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 gate->offset_high = (u32) (addr >> 32); gate->reserved = 0; #endif } extern unsigned long system_vectors[]; extern void load_current_idt(void); extern void idt_setup_early_handler(void); extern void idt_setup_early_traps(void); extern void idt_setup_traps(void); extern void idt_setup_apic_and_irq_gates(void); extern bool idt_is_f00f_address(unsigned long address); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 extern void idt_setup_early_pf(void); extern void idt_setup_ist_traps(void); #else static inline void idt_setup_early_pf(void) { } static inline void idt_setup_ist_traps(void) { } #endif extern void idt_invalidate(void *addr); #endif /* _ASM_X86_DESC_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * Tracing hooks * * Copyright (C) 2008-2009 Red Hat, Inc. All rights reserved. * * This file defines hook entry points called by core code where * user tracing/debugging support might need to do something. These * entry points are called tracehook_*(). Each hook declared below * has a detailed kerneldoc comment giving the context (locking et * al) from which it is called, and the meaning of its return value. * * Each function here typically has only one call site, so it is ok * to have some nontrivial tracehook_*() inlines. In all cases, the * fast path when no tracing is enabled should be very short. * * The purpose of this file and the tracehook_* layer is to consolidate * the interface that the kernel core and arch code uses to enable any * user debugging or tracing facility (such as ptrace). The interfaces * here are carefully documented so that maintainers of core and arch * code do not need to think about the implementation details of the * tracing facilities. Likewise, maintainers of the tracing code do not * need to understand all the calling core or arch code in detail, just * documented circumstances of each call, such as locking conditions. * * If the calling core code changes so that locking is different, then * it is ok to change the interface documented here. The maintainer of * core code changing should notify the maintainers of the tracing code * that they need to work out the change. * * Some tracehook_*() inlines take arguments that the current tracing * implementations might not necessarily use. These function signatures * are chosen to pass in all the information that is on hand in the * caller and might conceivably be relevant to a tracer, so that the * core code won't have to be updated when tracing adds more features. * If a call site changes so that some of those parameters are no longer * already on hand without extra work, then the tracehook_* interface * can change so there is no make-work burden on the core code. The * maintainer of core code changing should notify the maintainers of the * tracing code that they need to work out the change. */ #ifndef _LINUX_TRACEHOOK_H #define _LINUX_TRACEHOOK_H 1 #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/task_work.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/blk-cgroup.h> struct linux_binprm; /* * ptrace report for syscall entry and exit looks identical. */ static inline int ptrace_report_syscall(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long message) { int ptrace = current->ptrace; if (!(ptrace & PT_PTRACED)) return 0; current->ptrace_message = message; ptrace_notify(SIGTRAP | ((ptrace & PT_TRACESYSGOOD) ? 0x80 : 0)); /* * this isn't the same as continuing with a signal, but it will do * for normal use. strace only continues with a signal if the * stopping signal is not SIGTRAP. -brl */ if (current->exit_code) { send_sig(current->exit_code, current, 1); current->exit_code = 0; } current->ptrace_message = 0; return fatal_signal_pending(current); } /** * tracehook_report_syscall_entry - task is about to attempt a system call * @regs: user register state of current task * * This will be called if %TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE or %TIF_SYSCALL_EMU have been set, * when the current task has just entered the kernel for a system call. * Full user register state is available here. Changing the values * in @regs can affect the system call number and arguments to be tried. * It is safe to block here, preventing the system call from beginning. * * Returns zero normally, or nonzero if the calling arch code should abort * the system call. That must prevent normal entry so no system call is * made. If @task ever returns to user mode after this, its register state * is unspecified, but should be something harmless like an %ENOSYS error * return. It should preserve enough information so that syscall_rollback() * can work (see asm-generic/syscall.h). * * Called without locks, just after entering kernel mode. */ static inline __must_check int tracehook_report_syscall_entry( struct pt_regs *regs) { return ptrace_report_syscall(regs, PTRACE_EVENTMSG_SYSCALL_ENTRY); } /** * tracehook_report_syscall_exit - task has just finished a system call * @regs: user register state of current task * @step: nonzero if simulating single-step or block-step * * This will be called if %TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE has been set, when the * current task has just finished an attempted system call. Full * user register state is available here. It is safe to block here, * preventing signals from being processed. * * If @step is nonzero, this report is also in lieu of the normal * trap that would follow the system call instruction because * user_enable_block_step() or user_enable_single_step() was used. * In this case, %TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE might not be set. * * Called without locks, just before checking for pending signals. */ static inline void tracehook_report_syscall_exit(struct pt_regs *regs, int step) { if (step) user_single_step_report(regs); else ptrace_report_syscall(regs, PTRACE_EVENTMSG_SYSCALL_EXIT); } /** * tracehook_signal_handler - signal handler setup is complete * @stepping: nonzero if debugger single-step or block-step in use * * Called by the arch code after a signal handler has been set up. * Register and stack state reflects the user handler about to run. * Signal mask changes have already been made. * * Called without locks, shortly before returning to user mode * (or handling more signals). */ static inline void tracehook_signal_handler(int stepping) { if (stepping) ptrace_notify(SIGTRAP); } /** * set_notify_resume - cause tracehook_notify_resume() to be called * @task: task that will call tracehook_notify_resume() * * Calling this arranges that @task will call tracehook_notify_resume() * before returning to user mode. If it's already running in user mode, * it will enter the kernel and call tracehook_notify_resume() soon. * If it's blocked, it will not be woken. */ static inline void set_notify_resume(struct task_struct *task) { #ifdef TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME if (!test_and_set_tsk_thread_flag(task, TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME)) kick_process(task); #endif } /** * tracehook_notify_resume - report when about to return to user mode * @regs: user-mode registers of @current task * * This is called when %TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME has been set. Now we are * about to return to user mode, and the user state in @regs can be * inspected or adjusted. The caller in arch code has cleared * %TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME before the call. If the flag gets set again * asynchronously, this will be called again before we return to * user mode. * * Called without locks. */ static inline void tracehook_notify_resume(struct pt_regs *regs) { clear_thread_flag(TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME); /* * This barrier pairs with task_work_add()->set_notify_resume() after * hlist_add_head(task->task_works); */ smp_mb__after_atomic(); if (unlikely(current->task_works)) task_work_run(); #ifdef CONFIG_KEYS_REQUEST_CACHE if (unlikely(current->cached_requested_key)) { key_put(current->cached_requested_key); current->cached_requested_key = NULL; } #endif mem_cgroup_handle_over_high(); blkcg_maybe_throttle_current(); } #endif /* <linux/tracehook.h> */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Common header file for generic dynamic events. */ #ifndef _TRACE_DYNEVENT_H #define _TRACE_DYNEVENT_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include "trace.h" struct dyn_event; /** * struct dyn_event_operations - Methods for each type of dynamic events * * These methods must be set for each type, since there is no default method. * Before using this for dyn_event_init(), it must be registered by * dyn_event_register(). * * @create: Parse and create event method. This is invoked when user passes * a event definition to dynamic_events interface. This must not destruct * the arguments and return -ECANCELED if given arguments doesn't match its * command prefix. * @show: Showing method. This is invoked when user reads the event definitions * via dynamic_events interface. * @is_busy: Check whether given event is busy so that it can not be deleted. * Return true if it is busy, otherwides false. * @free: Delete the given event. Return 0 if success, otherwides error. * @match: Check whether given event and system name match this event. The argc * and argv is used for exact match. Return true if it matches, otherwides * false. * * Except for @create, these methods are called under holding event_mutex. */ struct dyn_event_operations { struct list_head list; int (*create)(int argc, const char *argv[]); int (*show)(struct seq_file *m, struct dyn_event *ev); bool (*is_busy)(struct dyn_event *ev); int (*free)(struct dyn_event *ev); bool (*match)(const char *system, const char *event, int argc, const char **argv, struct dyn_event *ev); }; /* Register new dyn_event type -- must be called at first */ int dyn_event_register(struct dyn_event_operations *ops); /** * struct dyn_event - Dynamic event list header * * The dyn_event structure encapsulates a list and a pointer to the operators * for making a global list of dynamic events. * User must includes this in each event structure, so that those events can * be added/removed via dynamic_events interface. */ struct dyn_event { struct list_head list; struct dyn_event_operations *ops; }; extern struct list_head dyn_event_list; static inline int dyn_event_init(struct dyn_event *ev, struct dyn_event_operations *ops) { if (!ev || !ops) return -EINVAL; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ev->list); ev->ops = ops; return 0; } static inline int dyn_event_add(struct dyn_event *ev) { lockdep_assert_held(&event_mutex); if (!ev || !ev->ops) return -EINVAL; list_add_tail(&ev->list, &dyn_event_list); return 0; } static inline void dyn_event_remove(struct dyn_event *ev) { lockdep_assert_held(&event_mutex); list_del_init(&ev->list); } void *dyn_event_seq_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos); void *dyn_event_seq_next(struct seq_file *m, void *v, loff_t *pos); void dyn_event_seq_stop(struct seq_file *m, void *v); int dyn_events_release_all(struct dyn_event_operations *type); int dyn_event_release(int argc, char **argv, struct dyn_event_operations *type); /* * for_each_dyn_event - iterate over the dyn_event list * @pos: the struct dyn_event * to use as a loop cursor * * This is just a basement of for_each macro. Wrap this for * each actual event structure with ops filtering. */ #define for_each_dyn_event(pos) \ list_for_each_entry(pos, &dyn_event_list, list) /* * for_each_dyn_event - iterate over the dyn_event list safely * @pos: the struct dyn_event * to use as a loop cursor * @n: the struct dyn_event * to use as temporary storage */ #define for_each_dyn_event_safe(pos, n) \ list_for_each_entry_safe(pos, n, &dyn_event_list, list) extern void dynevent_cmd_init(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, char *buf, int maxlen, enum dynevent_type type, dynevent_create_fn_t run_command); typedef int (*dynevent_check_arg_fn_t)(void *data); struct dynevent_arg { const char *str; char separator; /* e.g. ';', ',', or nothing */ }; extern void dynevent_arg_init(struct dynevent_arg *arg, char separator); extern int dynevent_arg_add(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, struct dynevent_arg *arg, dynevent_check_arg_fn_t check_arg); struct dynevent_arg_pair { const char *lhs; const char *rhs; char operator; /* e.g. '=' or nothing */ char separator; /* e.g. ';', ',', or nothing */ }; extern void dynevent_arg_pair_init(struct dynevent_arg_pair *arg_pair, char operator, char separator); extern int dynevent_arg_pair_add(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, struct dynevent_arg_pair *arg_pair, dynevent_check_arg_fn_t check_arg); extern int dynevent_str_add(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, const char *str); #endif
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_UACCESS_H__ #define __LINUX_UACCESS_H__ #include <linux/fault-inject-usercopy.h> #include <linux/instrumented.h> #include <linux/minmax.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/thread_info.h> #include <asm/uaccess.h> #ifdef CONFIG_SET_FS /* * Force the uaccess routines to be wired up for actual userspace access, * overriding any possible set_fs(KERNEL_DS) still lingering around. Undone * using force_uaccess_end below. */ static inline mm_segment_t force_uaccess_begin(void) { mm_segment_t fs = get_fs(); set_fs(USER_DS); return fs; } static inline void force_uaccess_end(mm_segment_t oldfs) { set_fs(oldfs); } #else /* CONFIG_SET_FS */ typedef struct { /* empty dummy */ } mm_segment_t; #ifndef TASK_SIZE_MAX #define TASK_SIZE_MAX TASK_SIZE #endif #define uaccess_kernel() (false) #define user_addr_max() (TASK_SIZE_MAX) static inline mm_segment_t force_uaccess_begin(void) { return (mm_segment_t) { }; } static inline void force_uaccess_end(mm_segment_t oldfs) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SET_FS */ /* * Architectures should provide two primitives (raw_copy_{to,from}_user()) * and get rid of their private instances of copy_{to,from}_user() and * __copy_{to,from}_user{,_inatomic}(). * * raw_copy_{to,from}_user(to, from, size) should copy up to size bytes and * return the amount left to copy. They should assume that access_ok() has * already been checked (and succeeded); they should *not* zero-pad anything. * No KASAN or object size checks either - those belong here. * * Both of these functions should attempt to copy size bytes starting at from * into the area starting at to. They must not fetch or store anything * outside of those areas. Return value must be between 0 (everything * copied successfully) and size (nothing copied). * * If raw_copy_{to,from}_user(to, from, size) returns N, size - N bytes starting * at to must become equal to the bytes fetched from the corresponding area * starting at from. All data past to + size - N must be left unmodified. * * If copying succeeds, the return value must be 0. If some data cannot be * fetched, it is permitted to copy less than had been fetched; the only * hard requirement is that not storing anything at all (i.e. returning size) * should happen only when nothing could be copied. In other words, you don't * have to squeeze as much as possible - it is allowed, but not necessary. * * For raw_copy_from_user() to always points to kernel memory and no faults * on store should happen. Interpretation of from is affected by set_fs(). * For raw_copy_to_user() it's the other way round. * * Both can be inlined - it's up to architectures whether it wants to bother * with that. They should not be used directly; they are used to implement * the 6 functions (copy_{to,from}_user(), __copy_{to,from}_user_inatomic()) * that are used instead. Out of those, __... ones are inlined. Plain * copy_{to,from}_user() might or might not be inlined. If you want them * inlined, have asm/uaccess.h define INLINE_COPY_{TO,FROM}_USER. * * NOTE: only copy_from_user() zero-pads the destination in case of short copy. * Neither __copy_from_user() nor __copy_from_user_inatomic() zero anything * at all; their callers absolutely must check the return value. * * Biarch ones should also provide raw_copy_in_user() - similar to the above, * but both source and destination are __user pointers (affected by set_fs() * as usual) and both source and destination can trigger faults. */ static __always_inline __must_check unsigned long __copy_from_user_inatomic(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n) { instrument_copy_from_user(to, from, n); check_object_size(to, n, false); return raw_copy_from_user(to, from, n); } static __always_inline __must_check unsigned long __copy_from_user(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n) { might_fault(); if (should_fail_usercopy()) return n; instrument_copy_from_user(to, from, n); check_object_size(to, n, false); return raw_copy_from_user(to, from, n); } /** * __copy_to_user_inatomic: - Copy a block of data into user space, with less checking. * @to: Destination address, in user space. * @from: Source address, in kernel space. * @n: Number of bytes to copy. * * Context: User context only. * * Copy data from kernel space to user space. Caller must check * the specified block with access_ok() before calling this function. * The caller should also make sure he pins the user space address * so that we don't result in page fault and sleep. */ static __always_inline __must_check unsigned long __copy_to_user_inatomic(void __user *to, const void *from, unsigned long n) { if (should_fail_usercopy()) return n; instrument_copy_to_user(to, from, n); check_object_size(from, n, true); return raw_copy_to_user(to, from, n); } static __always_inline __must_check unsigned long __copy_to_user(void __user *to, const void *from, unsigned long n) { might_fault(); if (should_fail_usercopy()) return n; instrument_copy_to_user(to, from, n); check_object_size(from, n, true); return raw_copy_to_user(to, from, n); } #ifdef INLINE_COPY_FROM_USER static inline __must_check unsigned long _copy_from_user(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n) { unsigned long res = n; might_fault(); if (!should_fail_usercopy() && likely(access_ok(from, n))) { instrument_copy_from_user(to, from, n); res = raw_copy_from_user(to, from, n); } if (unlikely(res)) memset(to + (n - res), 0, res); return res; } #else extern __must_check unsigned long _copy_from_user(void *, const void __user *, unsigned long); #endif #ifdef INLINE_COPY_TO_USER static inline __must_check unsigned long _copy_to_user(void __user *to, const void *from, unsigned long n) { might_fault(); if (should_fail_usercopy()) return n; if (access_ok(to, n)) { instrument_copy_to_user(to, from, n); n = raw_copy_to_user(to, from, n); } return n; } #else extern __must_check unsigned long _copy_to_user(void __user *, const void *, unsigned long); #endif static __always_inline unsigned long __must_check copy_from_user(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n) { if (likely(check_copy_size(to, n, false))) n = _copy_from_user(to, from, n); return n; } static __always_inline unsigned long __must_check copy_to_user(void __user *to, const void *from, unsigned long n) { if (likely(check_copy_size(from, n, true))) n = _copy_to_user(to, from, n); return n; } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT static __always_inline unsigned long __must_check copy_in_user(void __user *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n) { might_fault(); if (access_ok(to, n) && access_ok(from, n)) n = raw_copy_in_user(to, from, n); return n; } #endif #ifndef copy_mc_to_kernel /* * Without arch opt-in this generic copy_mc_to_kernel() will not handle * #MC (or arch equivalent) during source read. */ static inline unsigned long __must_check copy_mc_to_kernel(void *dst, const void *src, size_t cnt) { memcpy(dst, src, cnt); return 0; } #endif static __always_inline void pagefault_disabled_inc(void) { current->pagefault_disabled++; } static __always_inline void pagefault_disabled_dec(void) { current->pagefault_disabled--; } /* * These routines enable/disable the pagefault handler. If disabled, it will * not take any locks and go straight to the fixup table. * * User access methods will not sleep when called from a pagefault_disabled() * environment. */ static inline void pagefault_disable(void) { pagefault_disabled_inc(); /* * make sure to have issued the store before a pagefault * can hit. */ barrier(); } static inline void pagefault_enable(void) { /* * make sure to issue those last loads/stores before enabling * the pagefault handler again. */ barrier(); pagefault_disabled_dec(); } /* * Is the pagefault handler disabled? If so, user access methods will not sleep. */ static inline bool pagefault_disabled(void) { return current->pagefault_disabled != 0; } /* * The pagefault handler is in general disabled by pagefault_disable() or * when in irq context (via in_atomic()). * * This function should only be used by the fault handlers. Other users should * stick to pagefault_disabled(). * Please NEVER use preempt_disable() to disable the fault handler. With * !CONFIG_PREEMPT_COUNT, this is like a NOP. So the handler won't be disabled. * in_atomic() will report different values based on !CONFIG_PREEMPT_COUNT. */ #define faulthandler_disabled() (pagefault_disabled() || in_atomic()) #ifndef ARCH_HAS_NOCACHE_UACCESS static inline __must_check unsigned long __copy_from_user_inatomic_nocache(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n) { return __copy_from_user_inatomic(to, from, n); } #endif /* ARCH_HAS_NOCACHE_UACCESS */ extern __must_check int check_zeroed_user(const void __user *from, size_t size); /** * copy_struct_from_user: copy a struct from userspace * @dst: Destination address, in kernel space. This buffer must be @ksize * bytes long. * @ksize: Size of @dst struct. * @src: Source address, in userspace. * @usize: (Alleged) size of @src struct. * * Copies a struct from userspace to kernel space, in a way that guarantees * backwards-compatibility for struct syscall arguments (as long as future * struct extensions are made such that all new fields are *appended* to the * old struct, and zeroed-out new fields have the same meaning as the old * struct). * * @ksize is just sizeof(*dst), and @usize should've been passed by userspace. * The recommended usage is something like the following: * * SYSCALL_DEFINE2(foobar, const struct foo __user *, uarg, size_t, usize) * { * int err; * struct foo karg = {}; * * if (usize > PAGE_SIZE) * return -E2BIG; * if (usize < FOO_SIZE_VER0) * return -EINVAL; * * err = copy_struct_from_user(&karg, sizeof(karg), uarg, usize); * if (err) * return err; * * // ... * } * * There are three cases to consider: * * If @usize == @ksize, then it's copied verbatim. * * If @usize < @ksize, then the userspace has passed an old struct to a * newer kernel. The rest of the trailing bytes in @dst (@ksize - @usize) * are to be zero-filled. * * If @usize > @ksize, then the userspace has passed a new struct to an * older kernel. The trailing bytes unknown to the kernel (@usize - @ksize) * are checked to ensure they are zeroed, otherwise -E2BIG is returned. * * Returns (in all cases, some data may have been copied): * * -E2BIG: (@usize > @ksize) and there are non-zero trailing bytes in @src. * * -EFAULT: access to userspace failed. */ static __always_inline __must_check int copy_struct_from_user(void *dst, size_t ksize, const void __user *src, size_t usize) { size_t size = min(ksize, usize); size_t rest = max(ksize, usize) - size; /* Deal with trailing bytes. */ if (usize < ksize) { memset(dst + size, 0, rest); } else if (usize > ksize) { int ret = check_zeroed_user(src + size, rest); if (ret <= 0) return ret ?: -E2BIG; } /* Copy the interoperable parts of the struct. */ if (copy_from_user(dst, src, size)) return -EFAULT; return 0; } bool copy_from_kernel_nofault_allowed(const void *unsafe_src, size_t size); long copy_from_kernel_nofault(void *dst, const void *src, size_t size); long notrace copy_to_kernel_nofault(void *dst, const void *src, size_t size); long copy_from_user_nofault(void *dst, const void __user *src, size_t size); long notrace copy_to_user_nofault(void __user *dst, const void *src, size_t size); long strncpy_from_kernel_nofault(char *dst, const void *unsafe_addr, long count); long strncpy_from_user_nofault(char *dst, const void __user *unsafe_addr, long count); long strnlen_user_nofault(const void __user *unsafe_addr, long count); /** * get_kernel_nofault(): safely attempt to read from a location * @val: read into this variable * @ptr: address to read from * * Returns 0 on success, or -EFAULT. */ #define get_kernel_nofault(val, ptr) ({ \ const typeof(val) *__gk_ptr = (ptr); \ copy_from_kernel_nofault(&(val), __gk_ptr, sizeof(val));\ }) #ifndef user_access_begin #define user_access_begin(ptr,len) access_ok(ptr, len) #define user_access_end() do { } while (0) #define unsafe_op_wrap(op, err) do { if (unlikely(op)) goto err; } while (0) #define unsafe_get_user(x,p,e) unsafe_op_wrap(__get_user(x,p),e) #define unsafe_put_user(x,p,e) unsafe_op_wrap(__put_user(x,p),e) #define unsafe_copy_to_user(d,s,l,e) unsafe_op_wrap(__copy_to_user(d,s,l),e) static inline unsigned long user_access_save(void) { return 0UL; } static inline void user_access_restore(unsigned long flags) { } #endif #ifndef user_write_access_begin #define user_write_access_begin user_access_begin #define user_write_access_end user_access_end #endif #ifndef user_read_access_begin #define user_read_access_begin user_access_begin #define user_read_access_end user_access_end #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HARDENED_USERCOPY void usercopy_warn(const char *name, const char *detail, bool to_user, unsigned long offset, unsigned long len); void __noreturn usercopy_abort(const char *name, const char *detail, bool to_user, unsigned long offset, unsigned long len); #endif #endif /* __LINUX_UACCESS_H__ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 /* * Copyright (c) 1982, 1986 Regents of the University of California. * All rights reserved. * * This code is derived from software contributed to Berkeley by * Robert Elz at The University of Melbourne. * * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions * are met: * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright * notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright * notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the * documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. * 3. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors * may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software * without specific prior written permission. * * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE * ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF * SUCH DAMAGE. */ #ifndef _LINUX_QUOTA_ #define _LINUX_QUOTA_ #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/percpu_counter.h> #include <linux/dqblk_xfs.h> #include <linux/dqblk_v1.h> #include <linux/dqblk_v2.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> #include <linux/projid.h> #include <uapi/linux/quota.h> #undef USRQUOTA #undef GRPQUOTA #undef PRJQUOTA enum quota_type { USRQUOTA = 0, /* element used for user quotas */ GRPQUOTA = 1, /* element used for group quotas */ PRJQUOTA = 2, /* element used for project quotas */ }; /* Masks for quota types when used as a bitmask */ #define QTYPE_MASK_USR (1 << USRQUOTA) #define QTYPE_MASK_GRP (1 << GRPQUOTA) #define QTYPE_MASK_PRJ (1 << PRJQUOTA) typedef __kernel_uid32_t qid_t; /* Type in which we store ids in memory */ typedef long long qsize_t; /* Type in which we store sizes */ struct kqid { /* Type in which we store the quota identifier */ union { kuid_t uid; kgid_t gid; kprojid_t projid; }; enum quota_type type; /* USRQUOTA (uid) or GRPQUOTA (gid) or PRJQUOTA (projid) */ }; extern bool qid_eq(struct kqid left, struct kqid right); extern bool qid_lt(struct kqid left, struct kqid right); extern qid_t from_kqid(struct user_namespace *to, struct kqid qid); extern qid_t from_kqid_munged(struct user_namespace *to, struct kqid qid); extern bool qid_valid(struct kqid qid); /** * make_kqid - Map a user-namespace, type, qid tuple into a kqid. * @from: User namespace that the qid is in * @type: The type of quota * @qid: Quota identifier * * Maps a user-namespace, type qid tuple into a kernel internal * kqid, and returns that kqid. * * When there is no mapping defined for the user-namespace, type, * qid tuple an invalid kqid is returned. Callers are expected to * test for and handle handle invalid kqids being returned. * Invalid kqids may be tested for using qid_valid(). */ static inline struct kqid make_kqid(struct user_namespace *from, enum quota_type type, qid_t qid) { struct kqid kqid; kqid.type = type; switch (type) { case USRQUOTA: kqid.uid = make_kuid(from, qid); break; case GRPQUOTA: kqid.gid = make_kgid(from, qid); break; case PRJQUOTA: kqid.projid = make_kprojid(from, qid); break; default: BUG(); } return kqid; } /** * make_kqid_invalid - Explicitly make an invalid kqid * @type: The type of quota identifier * * Returns an invalid kqid with the specified type. */ static inline struct kqid make_kqid_invalid(enum quota_type type) { struct kqid kqid; kqid.type = type; switch (type) { case USRQUOTA: kqid.uid = INVALID_UID; break; case GRPQUOTA: kqid.gid = INVALID_GID; break; case PRJQUOTA: kqid.projid = INVALID_PROJID; break; default: BUG(); } return kqid; } /** * make_kqid_uid - Make a kqid from a kuid * @uid: The kuid to make the quota identifier from */ static inline struct kqid make_kqid_uid(kuid_t uid) { struct kqid kqid; kqid.type = USRQUOTA; kqid.uid = uid; return kqid; } /** * make_kqid_gid - Make a kqid from a kgid * @gid: The kgid to make the quota identifier from */ static inline struct kqid make_kqid_gid(kgid_t gid) { struct kqid kqid; kqid.type = GRPQUOTA; kqid.gid = gid; return kqid; } /** * make_kqid_projid - Make a kqid from a projid * @projid: The kprojid to make the quota identifier from */ static inline struct kqid make_kqid_projid(kprojid_t projid) { struct kqid kqid; kqid.type = PRJQUOTA; kqid.projid = projid; return kqid; } /** * qid_has_mapping - Report if a qid maps into a user namespace. * @ns: The user namespace to see if a value maps into. * @qid: The kernel internal quota identifier to test. */ static inline bool qid_has_mapping(struct user_namespace *ns, struct kqid qid) { return from_kqid(ns, qid) != (qid_t) -1; } extern spinlock_t dq_data_lock; /* Maximal numbers of writes for quota operation (insert/delete/update) * (over VFS all formats) */ #define DQUOT_INIT_ALLOC max(V1_INIT_ALLOC, V2_INIT_ALLOC) #define DQUOT_INIT_REWRITE max(V1_INIT_REWRITE, V2_INIT_REWRITE) #define DQUOT_DEL_ALLOC max(V1_DEL_ALLOC, V2_DEL_ALLOC) #define DQUOT_DEL_REWRITE max(V1_DEL_REWRITE, V2_DEL_REWRITE) /* * Data for one user/group kept in memory */ struct mem_dqblk { qsize_t dqb_bhardlimit; /* absolute limit on disk blks alloc */ qsize_t dqb_bsoftlimit; /* preferred limit on disk blks */ qsize_t dqb_curspace; /* current used space */ qsize_t dqb_rsvspace; /* current reserved space for delalloc*/ qsize_t dqb_ihardlimit; /* absolute limit on allocated inodes */ qsize_t dqb_isoftlimit; /* preferred inode limit */ qsize_t dqb_curinodes; /* current # allocated inodes */ time64_t dqb_btime; /* time limit for excessive disk use */ time64_t dqb_itime; /* time limit for excessive inode use */ }; /* * Data for one quotafile kept in memory */ struct quota_format_type; struct mem_dqinfo { struct quota_format_type *dqi_format; int dqi_fmt_id; /* Id of the dqi_format - used when turning * quotas on after remount RW */ struct list_head dqi_dirty_list; /* List of dirty dquots [dq_list_lock] */ unsigned long dqi_flags; /* DFQ_ flags [dq_data_lock] */ unsigned int dqi_bgrace; /* Space grace time [dq_data_lock] */ unsigned int dqi_igrace; /* Inode grace time [dq_data_lock] */ qsize_t dqi_max_spc_limit; /* Maximum space limit [static] */ qsize_t dqi_max_ino_limit; /* Maximum inode limit [static] */ void *dqi_priv; }; struct super_block; /* Mask for flags passed to userspace */ #define DQF_GETINFO_MASK (DQF_ROOT_SQUASH | DQF_SYS_FILE) /* Mask for flags modifiable from userspace */ #define DQF_SETINFO_MASK DQF_ROOT_SQUASH enum { DQF_INFO_DIRTY_B = DQF_PRIVATE, }; #define DQF_INFO_DIRTY (1 << DQF_INFO_DIRTY_B) /* Is info dirty? */ extern void mark_info_dirty(struct super_block *sb, int type); static inline int info_dirty(struct mem_dqinfo *info) { return test_bit(DQF_INFO_DIRTY_B, &info->dqi_flags); } enum { DQST_LOOKUPS, DQST_DROPS, DQST_READS, DQST_WRITES, DQST_CACHE_HITS, DQST_ALLOC_DQUOTS, DQST_FREE_DQUOTS, DQST_SYNCS, _DQST_DQSTAT_LAST }; struct dqstats { unsigned long stat[_DQST_DQSTAT_LAST]; struct percpu_counter counter[_DQST_DQSTAT_LAST]; }; extern struct dqstats dqstats; static inline void dqstats_inc(unsigned int type) { percpu_counter_inc(&dqstats.counter[type]); } static inline void dqstats_dec(unsigned int type) { percpu_counter_dec(&dqstats.counter[type]); } #define DQ_MOD_B 0 /* dquot modified since read */ #define DQ_BLKS_B 1 /* uid/gid has been warned about blk limit */ #define DQ_INODES_B 2 /* uid/gid has been warned about inode limit */ #define DQ_FAKE_B 3 /* no limits only usage */ #define DQ_READ_B 4 /* dquot was read into memory */ #define DQ_ACTIVE_B 5 /* dquot is active (dquot_release not called) */ #define DQ_LASTSET_B 6 /* Following 6 bits (see QIF_) are reserved\ * for the mask of entries set via SETQUOTA\ * quotactl. They are set under dq_data_lock\ * and the quota format handling dquot can\ * clear them when it sees fit. */ struct dquot { struct hlist_node dq_hash; /* Hash list in memory [dq_list_lock] */ struct list_head dq_inuse; /* List of all quotas [dq_list_lock] */ struct list_head dq_free; /* Free list element [dq_list_lock] */ struct list_head dq_dirty; /* List of dirty dquots [dq_list_lock] */ struct mutex dq_lock; /* dquot IO lock */ spinlock_t dq_dqb_lock; /* Lock protecting dq_dqb changes */ atomic_t dq_count; /* Use count */ struct super_block *dq_sb; /* superblock this applies to */ struct kqid dq_id; /* ID this applies to (uid, gid, projid) */ loff_t dq_off; /* Offset of dquot on disk [dq_lock, stable once set] */ unsigned long dq_flags; /* See DQ_* */ struct mem_dqblk dq_dqb; /* Diskquota usage [dq_dqb_lock] */ }; /* Operations which must be implemented by each quota format */ struct quota_format_ops { int (*check_quota_file)(struct super_block *sb, int type); /* Detect whether file is in our format */ int (*read_file_info)(struct super_block *sb, int type); /* Read main info about file - called on quotaon() */ int (*write_file_info)(struct super_block *sb, int type); /* Write main info about file */ int (*free_file_info)(struct super_block *sb, int type); /* Called on quotaoff() */ int (*read_dqblk)(struct dquot *dquot); /* Read structure for one user */ int (*commit_dqblk)(struct dquot *dquot); /* Write structure for one user */ int (*release_dqblk)(struct dquot *dquot); /* Called when last reference to dquot is being dropped */ int (*get_next_id)(struct super_block *sb, struct kqid *qid); /* Get next ID with existing structure in the quota file */ }; /* Operations working with dquots */ struct dquot_operations { int (*write_dquot) (struct dquot *); /* Ordinary dquot write */ struct dquot *(*alloc_dquot)(struct super_block *, int); /* Allocate memory for new dquot */ void (*destroy_dquot)(struct dquot *); /* Free memory for dquot */ int (*acquire_dquot) (struct dquot *); /* Quota is going to be created on disk */ int (*release_dquot) (struct dquot *); /* Quota is going to be deleted from disk */ int (*mark_dirty) (struct dquot *); /* Dquot is marked dirty */ int (*write_info) (struct super_block *, int); /* Write of quota "superblock" */ /* get reserved quota for delayed alloc, value returned is managed by * quota code only */ qsize_t *(*get_reserved_space) (struct inode *); int (*get_projid) (struct inode *, kprojid_t *);/* Get project ID */ /* Get number of inodes that were charged for a given inode */ int (*get_inode_usage) (struct inode *, qsize_t *); /* Get next ID with active quota structure */ int (*get_next_id) (struct super_block *sb, struct kqid *qid); }; struct path; /* Structure for communicating via ->get_dqblk() & ->set_dqblk() */ struct qc_dqblk { int d_fieldmask; /* mask of fields to change in ->set_dqblk() */ u64 d_spc_hardlimit; /* absolute limit on used space */ u64 d_spc_softlimit; /* preferred limit on used space */ u64 d_ino_hardlimit; /* maximum # allocated inodes */ u64 d_ino_softlimit; /* preferred inode limit */ u64 d_space; /* Space owned by the user */ u64 d_ino_count; /* # inodes owned by the user */ s64 d_ino_timer; /* zero if within inode limits */ /* if not, we refuse service */ s64 d_spc_timer; /* similar to above; for space */ int d_ino_warns; /* # warnings issued wrt num inodes */ int d_spc_warns; /* # warnings issued wrt used space */ u64 d_rt_spc_hardlimit; /* absolute limit on realtime space */ u64 d_rt_spc_softlimit; /* preferred limit on RT space */ u64 d_rt_space; /* realtime space owned */ s64 d_rt_spc_timer; /* similar to above; for RT space */ int d_rt_spc_warns; /* # warnings issued wrt RT space */ }; /* * Field specifiers for ->set_dqblk() in struct qc_dqblk and also for * ->set_info() in struct qc_info */ #define QC_INO_SOFT (1<<0) #define QC_INO_HARD (1<<1) #define QC_SPC_SOFT (1<<2) #define QC_SPC_HARD (1<<3) #define QC_RT_SPC_SOFT (1<<4) #define QC_RT_SPC_HARD (1<<5) #define QC_LIMIT_MASK (QC_INO_SOFT | QC_INO_HARD | QC_SPC_SOFT | QC_SPC_HARD | \ QC_RT_SPC_SOFT | QC_RT_SPC_HARD) #define QC_SPC_TIMER (1<<6) #define QC_INO_TIMER (1<<7) #define QC_RT_SPC_TIMER (1<<8) #define QC_TIMER_MASK (QC_SPC_TIMER | QC_INO_TIMER | QC_RT_SPC_TIMER) #define QC_SPC_WARNS (1<<9) #define QC_INO_WARNS (1<<10) #define QC_RT_SPC_WARNS (1<<11) #define QC_WARNS_MASK (QC_SPC_WARNS | QC_INO_WARNS | QC_RT_SPC_WARNS) #define QC_SPACE (1<<12) #define QC_INO_COUNT (1<<13) #define QC_RT_SPACE (1<<14) #define QC_ACCT_MASK (QC_SPACE | QC_INO_COUNT | QC_RT_SPACE) #define QC_FLAGS (1<<15) #define QCI_SYSFILE (1 << 0) /* Quota file is hidden from userspace */ #define QCI_ROOT_SQUASH (1 << 1) /* Root squash turned on */ #define QCI_ACCT_ENABLED (1 << 2) /* Quota accounting enabled */ #define QCI_LIMITS_ENFORCED (1 << 3) /* Quota limits enforced */ /* Structures for communicating via ->get_state */ struct qc_type_state { unsigned int flags; /* Flags QCI_* */ unsigned int spc_timelimit; /* Time after which space softlimit is * enforced */ unsigned int ino_timelimit; /* Ditto for inode softlimit */ unsigned int rt_spc_timelimit; /* Ditto for real-time space */ unsigned int spc_warnlimit; /* Limit for number of space warnings */ unsigned int ino_warnlimit; /* Ditto for inodes */ unsigned int rt_spc_warnlimit; /* Ditto for real-time space */ unsigned long long ino; /* Inode number of quota file */ blkcnt_t blocks; /* Number of 512-byte blocks in the file */ blkcnt_t nextents; /* Number of extents in the file */ }; struct qc_state { unsigned int s_incoredqs; /* Number of dquots in core */ struct qc_type_state s_state[MAXQUOTAS]; /* Per quota type information */ }; /* Structure for communicating via ->set_info */ struct qc_info { int i_fieldmask; /* mask of fields to change in ->set_info() */ unsigned int i_flags; /* Flags QCI_* */ unsigned int i_spc_timelimit; /* Time after which space softlimit is * enforced */ unsigned int i_ino_timelimit; /* Ditto for inode softlimit */ unsigned int i_rt_spc_timelimit;/* Ditto for real-time space */ unsigned int i_spc_warnlimit; /* Limit for number of space warnings */ unsigned int i_ino_warnlimit; /* Limit for number of inode warnings */ unsigned int i_rt_spc_warnlimit; /* Ditto for real-time space */ }; /* Operations handling requests from userspace */ struct quotactl_ops { int (*quota_on)(struct super_block *, int, int, const struct path *); int (*quota_off)(struct super_block *, int); int (*quota_enable)(struct super_block *, unsigned int); int (*quota_disable)(struct super_block *, unsigned int); int (*quota_sync)(struct super_block *, int); int (*set_info)(struct super_block *, int, struct qc_info *); int (*get_dqblk)(struct super_block *, struct kqid, struct qc_dqblk *); int (*get_nextdqblk)(struct super_block *, struct kqid *, struct qc_dqblk *); int (*set_dqblk)(struct super_block *, struct kqid, struct qc_dqblk *); int (*get_state)(struct super_block *, struct qc_state *); int (*rm_xquota)(struct super_block *, unsigned int); }; struct quota_format_type { int qf_fmt_id; /* Quota format id */ const struct quota_format_ops *qf_ops; /* Operations of format */ struct module *qf_owner; /* Module implementing quota format */ struct quota_format_type *qf_next; }; /** * Quota state flags - they actually come in two flavors - for users and groups. * * Actual typed flags layout: * USRQUOTA GRPQUOTA * DQUOT_USAGE_ENABLED 0x0001 0x0002 * DQUOT_LIMITS_ENABLED 0x0004 0x0008 * DQUOT_SUSPENDED 0x0010 0x0020 * * Following bits are used for non-typed flags: * DQUOT_QUOTA_SYS_FILE 0x0040 * DQUOT_NEGATIVE_USAGE 0x0080 */ enum { _DQUOT_USAGE_ENABLED = 0, /* Track disk usage for users */ _DQUOT_LIMITS_ENABLED, /* Enforce quota limits for users */ _DQUOT_SUSPENDED, /* User diskquotas are off, but * we have necessary info in * memory to turn them on */ _DQUOT_STATE_FLAGS }; #define DQUOT_USAGE_ENABLED (1 << _DQUOT_USAGE_ENABLED * MAXQUOTAS) #define DQUOT_LIMITS_ENABLED (1 << _DQUOT_LIMITS_ENABLED * MAXQUOTAS) #define DQUOT_SUSPENDED (1 << _DQUOT_SUSPENDED * MAXQUOTAS) #define DQUOT_STATE_FLAGS (DQUOT_USAGE_ENABLED | DQUOT_LIMITS_ENABLED | \ DQUOT_SUSPENDED) /* Other quota flags */ #define DQUOT_STATE_LAST (_DQUOT_STATE_FLAGS * MAXQUOTAS) #define DQUOT_QUOTA_SYS_FILE (1 << DQUOT_STATE_LAST) /* Quota file is a special * system file and user cannot * touch it. Filesystem is * responsible for setting * S_NOQUOTA, S_NOATIME flags */ #define DQUOT_NEGATIVE_USAGE (1 << (DQUOT_STATE_LAST + 1)) /* Allow negative quota usage */ /* Do not track dirty dquots in a list */ #define DQUOT_NOLIST_DIRTY (1 << (DQUOT_STATE_LAST + 2)) static inline unsigned int dquot_state_flag(unsigned int flags, int type) { return flags << type; } static inline unsigned int dquot_generic_flag(unsigned int flags, int type) { return (flags >> type) & DQUOT_STATE_FLAGS; } /* Bitmap of quota types where flag is set in flags */ static __always_inline unsigned dquot_state_types(unsigned flags, unsigned flag) { BUILD_BUG_ON_NOT_POWER_OF_2(flag); return (flags / flag) & ((1 << MAXQUOTAS) - 1); } #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA_NETLINK_INTERFACE extern void quota_send_warning(struct kqid qid, dev_t dev, const char warntype); #else static inline void quota_send_warning(struct kqid qid, dev_t dev, const char warntype) { return; } #endif /* CONFIG_QUOTA_NETLINK_INTERFACE */ struct quota_info { unsigned int flags; /* Flags for diskquotas on this device */ struct rw_semaphore dqio_sem; /* Lock quota file while I/O in progress */ struct inode *files[MAXQUOTAS]; /* inodes of quotafiles */ struct mem_dqinfo info[MAXQUOTAS]; /* Information for each quota type */ const struct quota_format_ops *ops[MAXQUOTAS]; /* Operations for each type */ }; int register_quota_format(struct quota_format_type *fmt); void unregister_quota_format(struct quota_format_type *fmt); struct quota_module_name { int qm_fmt_id; char *qm_mod_name; }; #define INIT_QUOTA_MODULE_NAMES {\ {QFMT_VFS_OLD, "quota_v1"},\ {QFMT_VFS_V0, "quota_v2"},\ {QFMT_VFS_V1, "quota_v2"},\ {0, NULL}} #endif /* _QUOTA_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/poll.h> #include <linux/ns_common.h> #include <linux/fs_pin.h> struct mnt_namespace { atomic_t count; struct ns_common ns; struct mount * root; /* * Traversal and modification of .list is protected by either * - taking namespace_sem for write, OR * - taking namespace_sem for read AND taking .ns_lock. */ struct list_head list; spinlock_t ns_lock; struct user_namespace *user_ns; struct ucounts *ucounts; u64 seq; /* Sequence number to prevent loops */ wait_queue_head_t poll; u64 event; unsigned int mounts; /* # of mounts in the namespace */ unsigned int pending_mounts; } __randomize_layout; struct mnt_pcp { int mnt_count; int mnt_writers; }; struct mountpoint { struct hlist_node m_hash; struct dentry *m_dentry; struct hlist_head m_list; int m_count; }; struct mount { struct hlist_node mnt_hash; struct mount *mnt_parent; struct dentry *mnt_mountpoint; struct vfsmount mnt; union { struct rcu_head mnt_rcu; struct llist_node mnt_llist; }; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP struct mnt_pcp __percpu *mnt_pcp; #else int mnt_count; int mnt_writers; #endif struct list_head mnt_mounts; /* list of children, anchored here */ struct list_head mnt_child; /* and going through their mnt_child */ struct list_head mnt_instance; /* mount instance on sb->s_mounts */ const char *mnt_devname; /* Name of device e.g. /dev/dsk/hda1 */ struct list_head mnt_list; struct list_head mnt_expire; /* link in fs-specific expiry list */ struct list_head mnt_share; /* circular list of shared mounts */ struct list_head mnt_slave_list;/* list of slave mounts */ struct list_head mnt_slave; /* slave list entry */ struct mount *mnt_master; /* slave is on master->mnt_slave_list */ struct mnt_namespace *mnt_ns; /* containing namespace */ struct mountpoint *mnt_mp; /* where is it mounted */ union { struct hlist_node mnt_mp_list; /* list mounts with the same mountpoint */ struct hlist_node mnt_umount; }; struct list_head mnt_umounting; /* list entry for umount propagation */ #ifdef CONFIG_FSNOTIFY struct fsnotify_mark_connector __rcu *mnt_fsnotify_marks; __u32 mnt_fsnotify_mask; #endif int mnt_id; /* mount identifier */ int mnt_group_id; /* peer group identifier */ int mnt_expiry_mark; /* true if marked for expiry */ struct hlist_head mnt_pins; struct hlist_head mnt_stuck_children; } __randomize_layout; #define MNT_NS_INTERNAL ERR_PTR(-EINVAL) /* distinct from any mnt_namespace */ static inline struct mount *real_mount(struct vfsmount *mnt) { return container_of(mnt, struct mount, mnt); } static inline int mnt_has_parent(struct mount *mnt) { return mnt != mnt->mnt_parent; } static inline int is_mounted(struct vfsmount *mnt) { /* neither detached nor internal? */ return !IS_ERR_OR_NULL(real_mount(mnt)->mnt_ns); } extern struct mount *__lookup_mnt(struct vfsmount *, struct dentry *); extern int __legitimize_mnt(struct vfsmount *, unsigned); extern bool legitimize_mnt(struct vfsmount *, unsigned); static inline bool __path_is_mountpoint(const struct path *path) { struct mount *m = __lookup_mnt(path->mnt, path->dentry); return m && likely(!(m->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_SYNC_UMOUNT)); } extern void __detach_mounts(struct dentry *dentry); static inline void detach_mounts(struct dentry *dentry) { if (!d_mountpoint(dentry)) return; __detach_mounts(dentry); } static inline void get_mnt_ns(struct mnt_namespace *ns) { atomic_inc(&ns->count); } extern seqlock_t mount_lock; static inline void lock_mount_hash(void) { write_seqlock(&mount_lock); } static inline void unlock_mount_hash(void) { write_sequnlock(&mount_lock); } struct proc_mounts { struct mnt_namespace *ns; struct path root; int (*show)(struct seq_file *, struct vfsmount *); struct mount cursor; }; extern const struct seq_operations mounts_op; extern bool __is_local_mountpoint(struct dentry *dentry); static inline bool is_local_mountpoint(struct dentry *dentry) { if (!d_mountpoint(dentry)) return false; return __is_local_mountpoint(dentry); } static inline bool is_anon_ns(struct mnt_namespace *ns) { return ns->seq == 0; } extern void mnt_cursor_del(struct mnt_namespace *ns, struct mount *cursor);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * SR-IPv6 implementation * * Author: * David Lebrun <david.lebrun@uclouvain.be> */ #ifndef _NET_SEG6_H #define _NET_SEG6_H #include <linux/net.h> #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <linux/seg6.h> #include <linux/rhashtable-types.h> static inline void update_csum_diff4(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 from, __be32 to) { __be32 diff[] = { ~from, to }; skb->csum = ~csum_partial((char *)diff, sizeof(diff), ~skb->csum); } static inline void update_csum_diff16(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 *from, __be32 *to) { __be32 diff[] = { ~from[0], ~from[1], ~from[2], ~from[3], to[0], to[1], to[2], to[3], }; skb->csum = ~csum_partial((char *)diff, sizeof(diff), ~skb->csum); } struct seg6_pernet_data { struct mutex lock; struct in6_addr __rcu *tun_src; #ifdef CONFIG_IPV6_SEG6_HMAC struct rhashtable hmac_infos; #endif }; static inline struct seg6_pernet_data *seg6_pernet(struct net *net) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) return net->ipv6.seg6_data; #else return NULL; #endif } extern int seg6_init(void); extern void seg6_exit(void); extern int seg6_iptunnel_init(void); extern void seg6_iptunnel_exit(void); extern int seg6_local_init(void); extern void seg6_local_exit(void); extern bool seg6_validate_srh(struct ipv6_sr_hdr *srh, int len, bool reduced); extern int seg6_do_srh_encap(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ipv6_sr_hdr *osrh, int proto); extern int seg6_do_srh_inline(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ipv6_sr_hdr *osrh); extern int seg6_lookup_nexthop(struct sk_buff *skb, struct in6_addr *nhaddr, u32 tbl_id); #endif
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WRITE : READ) /* * Check whether this bio carries any data or not. A NULL bio is allowed. */ static inline bool bio_has_data(struct bio *bio) { if (bio && bio->bi_iter.bi_size && bio_op(bio) != REQ_OP_DISCARD && bio_op(bio) != REQ_OP_SECURE_ERASE && bio_op(bio) != REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES) return true; return false; } static inline bool bio_no_advance_iter(const struct bio *bio) { return bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_DISCARD || bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_SECURE_ERASE || bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_WRITE_SAME || bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES; } static inline bool bio_mergeable(struct bio *bio) { if (bio->bi_opf & REQ_NOMERGE_FLAGS) return false; return true; } static inline unsigned int bio_cur_bytes(struct bio *bio) { if (bio_has_data(bio)) return bio_iovec(bio).bv_len; else /* dataless requests such as discard */ return bio->bi_iter.bi_size; } static inline void *bio_data(struct bio *bio) { if (bio_has_data(bio)) return page_address(bio_page(bio)) + bio_offset(bio); return NULL; } /** * bio_full - check if the bio is full * @bio: bio to check * @len: length of one segment to be added * * Return true if @bio is full and one segment with @len bytes can't be * added to the bio, otherwise return false */ static inline bool bio_full(struct bio *bio, unsigned len) { if (bio->bi_vcnt >= bio->bi_max_vecs) return true; if (bio->bi_iter.bi_size > UINT_MAX - len) return true; return false; } static inline bool bio_next_segment(const struct bio *bio, struct bvec_iter_all *iter) { if (iter->idx >= bio->bi_vcnt) return false; bvec_advance(&bio->bi_io_vec[iter->idx], iter); return true; } /* * drivers should _never_ use the all version - the bio may have been split * before it got to the driver and the driver won't own all of it */ #define bio_for_each_segment_all(bvl, bio, iter) \ for (bvl = bvec_init_iter_all(&iter); bio_next_segment((bio), &iter); ) static inline void bio_advance_iter(const struct bio *bio, struct bvec_iter *iter, unsigned int bytes) { iter->bi_sector += bytes >> 9; if (bio_no_advance_iter(bio)) iter->bi_size -= bytes; else bvec_iter_advance(bio->bi_io_vec, iter, bytes); /* TODO: It is reasonable to complete bio with error here. */ } #define __bio_for_each_segment(bvl, bio, iter, start) \ for (iter = (start); \ (iter).bi_size && \ ((bvl = bio_iter_iovec((bio), (iter))), 1); \ bio_advance_iter((bio), &(iter), (bvl).bv_len)) #define bio_for_each_segment(bvl, bio, iter) \ __bio_for_each_segment(bvl, bio, iter, (bio)->bi_iter) #define __bio_for_each_bvec(bvl, bio, iter, start) \ for (iter = (start); \ (iter).bi_size && \ ((bvl = mp_bvec_iter_bvec((bio)->bi_io_vec, (iter))), 1); \ bio_advance_iter((bio), &(iter), (bvl).bv_len)) /* iterate over multi-page bvec */ #define bio_for_each_bvec(bvl, bio, iter) \ __bio_for_each_bvec(bvl, bio, iter, (bio)->bi_iter) /* * Iterate over all multi-page bvecs. Drivers shouldn't use this version for the * same reasons as bio_for_each_segment_all(). */ #define bio_for_each_bvec_all(bvl, bio, i) \ for (i = 0, bvl = bio_first_bvec_all(bio); \ i < (bio)->bi_vcnt; i++, bvl++) \ #define bio_iter_last(bvec, iter) ((iter).bi_size == (bvec).bv_len) static inline unsigned bio_segments(struct bio *bio) { unsigned segs = 0; struct bio_vec bv; struct bvec_iter iter; /* * We special case discard/write same/write zeroes, because they * interpret bi_size differently: */ switch (bio_op(bio)) { case REQ_OP_DISCARD: case REQ_OP_SECURE_ERASE: case REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES: return 0; case REQ_OP_WRITE_SAME: return 1; default: break; } bio_for_each_segment(bv, bio, iter) segs++; return segs; } /* * get a reference to a bio, so it won't disappear. the intended use is * something like: * * bio_get(bio); * submit_bio(rw, bio); * if (bio->bi_flags ...) * do_something * bio_put(bio); * * without the bio_get(), it could potentially complete I/O before submit_bio * returns. and then bio would be freed memory when if (bio->bi_flags ...) * runs */ static inline void bio_get(struct bio *bio) { bio->bi_flags |= (1 << BIO_REFFED); smp_mb__before_atomic(); atomic_inc(&bio->__bi_cnt); } static inline void bio_cnt_set(struct bio *bio, unsigned int count) { if (count != 1) { bio->bi_flags |= (1 << BIO_REFFED); smp_mb(); } atomic_set(&bio->__bi_cnt, count); } static inline bool bio_flagged(struct bio *bio, unsigned int bit) { return (bio->bi_flags & (1U << bit)) != 0; } static inline void bio_set_flag(struct bio *bio, unsigned int bit) { bio->bi_flags |= (1U << bit); } static inline void bio_clear_flag(struct bio *bio, unsigned int bit) { bio->bi_flags &= ~(1U << bit); } static inline void bio_get_first_bvec(struct bio *bio, struct bio_vec *bv) { *bv = mp_bvec_iter_bvec(bio->bi_io_vec, bio->bi_iter); } static inline void bio_get_last_bvec(struct bio *bio, struct bio_vec *bv) { struct bvec_iter iter = bio->bi_iter; int idx; bio_get_first_bvec(bio, bv); if (bv->bv_len == bio->bi_iter.bi_size) return; /* this bio only has a single bvec */ bio_advance_iter(bio, &iter, iter.bi_size); if (!iter.bi_bvec_done) idx = iter.bi_idx - 1; else /* in the middle of bvec */ idx = iter.bi_idx; *bv = bio->bi_io_vec[idx]; /* * iter.bi_bvec_done records actual length of the last bvec * if this bio ends in the middle of one io vector */ if (iter.bi_bvec_done) bv->bv_len = iter.bi_bvec_done; } static inline struct bio_vec *bio_first_bvec_all(struct bio *bio) { WARN_ON_ONCE(bio_flagged(bio, BIO_CLONED)); return bio->bi_io_vec; } static inline struct page *bio_first_page_all(struct bio *bio) { return bio_first_bvec_all(bio)->bv_page; } static inline struct bio_vec *bio_last_bvec_all(struct bio *bio) { WARN_ON_ONCE(bio_flagged(bio, BIO_CLONED)); return &bio->bi_io_vec[bio->bi_vcnt - 1]; } enum bip_flags { BIP_BLOCK_INTEGRITY = 1 << 0, /* block layer owns integrity data */ BIP_MAPPED_INTEGRITY = 1 << 1, /* ref tag has been remapped */ BIP_CTRL_NOCHECK = 1 << 2, /* disable HBA integrity checking */ BIP_DISK_NOCHECK = 1 << 3, /* disable disk integrity checking */ BIP_IP_CHECKSUM = 1 << 4, /* IP checksum */ }; /* * bio integrity payload */ struct bio_integrity_payload { struct bio *bip_bio; /* parent bio */ struct bvec_iter bip_iter; unsigned short bip_slab; /* slab the bip came from */ unsigned short bip_vcnt; /* # of integrity bio_vecs */ unsigned short bip_max_vcnt; /* integrity bio_vec slots */ unsigned short bip_flags; /* control flags */ struct bvec_iter bio_iter; /* for rewinding parent bio */ struct work_struct bip_work; /* I/O completion */ struct bio_vec *bip_vec; struct bio_vec bip_inline_vecs[];/* embedded bvec array */ }; #if defined(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY) static inline struct bio_integrity_payload *bio_integrity(struct bio *bio) { if (bio->bi_opf & REQ_INTEGRITY) return bio->bi_integrity; return NULL; } static inline bool bio_integrity_flagged(struct bio *bio, enum bip_flags flag) { struct bio_integrity_payload *bip = bio_integrity(bio); if (bip) return bip->bip_flags & flag; return false; } static inline sector_t bip_get_seed(struct bio_integrity_payload *bip) { return bip->bip_iter.bi_sector; } static inline void bip_set_seed(struct bio_integrity_payload *bip, sector_t seed) { bip->bip_iter.bi_sector = seed; } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY */ extern void bio_trim(struct bio *bio, int offset, int size); extern struct bio *bio_split(struct bio *bio, int sectors, gfp_t gfp, struct bio_set *bs); /** * bio_next_split - get next @sectors from a bio, splitting if necessary * @bio: bio to split * @sectors: number of sectors to split from the front of @bio * @gfp: gfp mask * @bs: bio set to allocate from * * Returns a bio representing the next @sectors of @bio - if the bio is smaller * than @sectors, returns the original bio unchanged. */ static inline struct bio *bio_next_split(struct bio *bio, int sectors, gfp_t gfp, struct bio_set *bs) { if (sectors >= bio_sectors(bio)) return bio; return bio_split(bio, sectors, gfp, bs); } enum { BIOSET_NEED_BVECS = BIT(0), BIOSET_NEED_RESCUER = BIT(1), }; extern int bioset_init(struct bio_set *, unsigned int, unsigned int, int flags); extern void bioset_exit(struct bio_set *); extern int biovec_init_pool(mempool_t *pool, int pool_entries); extern int bioset_init_from_src(struct bio_set *bs, struct bio_set *src); extern struct bio *bio_alloc_bioset(gfp_t, unsigned int, struct bio_set *); extern void bio_put(struct bio *); extern void __bio_clone_fast(struct bio *, struct bio *); extern struct bio *bio_clone_fast(struct bio *, gfp_t, struct bio_set *); extern struct bio_set fs_bio_set; static inline struct bio *bio_alloc(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int nr_iovecs) { return bio_alloc_bioset(gfp_mask, nr_iovecs, &fs_bio_set); } static inline struct bio *bio_kmalloc(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int nr_iovecs) { return bio_alloc_bioset(gfp_mask, nr_iovecs, NULL); } extern blk_qc_t submit_bio(struct bio *); extern void bio_endio(struct bio *); static inline void bio_io_error(struct bio *bio) { bio->bi_status = BLK_STS_IOERR; bio_endio(bio); } static inline void bio_wouldblock_error(struct bio *bio) { bio_set_flag(bio, BIO_QUIET); bio->bi_status = BLK_STS_AGAIN; bio_endio(bio); } struct request_queue; extern int submit_bio_wait(struct bio *bio); extern void bio_advance(struct bio *, unsigned); extern void bio_init(struct bio *bio, struct bio_vec *table, unsigned short max_vecs); extern void bio_uninit(struct bio *); extern void bio_reset(struct bio *); void bio_chain(struct bio *, struct bio *); extern int bio_add_page(struct bio *, struct page *, unsigned int,unsigned int); extern int bio_add_pc_page(struct request_queue *, struct bio *, struct page *, unsigned int, unsigned int); bool __bio_try_merge_page(struct bio *bio, struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int off, bool *same_page); void __bio_add_page(struct bio *bio, struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int off); int bio_iov_iter_get_pages(struct bio *bio, struct iov_iter *iter); void bio_release_pages(struct bio *bio, bool mark_dirty); extern void bio_set_pages_dirty(struct bio *bio); extern void bio_check_pages_dirty(struct bio *bio); extern void bio_copy_data_iter(struct bio *dst, struct bvec_iter *dst_iter, struct bio *src, struct bvec_iter *src_iter); extern void bio_copy_data(struct bio *dst, struct bio *src); extern void bio_list_copy_data(struct bio *dst, struct bio *src); extern void bio_free_pages(struct bio *bio); void zero_fill_bio_iter(struct bio *bio, struct bvec_iter iter); void bio_truncate(struct bio *bio, unsigned new_size); void guard_bio_eod(struct bio *bio); static inline void zero_fill_bio(struct bio *bio) { zero_fill_bio_iter(bio, bio->bi_iter); } extern struct bio_vec *bvec_alloc(gfp_t, int, unsigned long *, mempool_t *); extern void bvec_free(mempool_t *, struct bio_vec *, unsigned int); extern unsigned int bvec_nr_vecs(unsigned short idx); extern const char *bio_devname(struct bio *bio, char *buffer); #define bio_set_dev(bio, bdev) \ do { \ if ((bio)->bi_disk != (bdev)->bd_disk) \ bio_clear_flag(bio, BIO_THROTTLED);\ (bio)->bi_disk = (bdev)->bd_disk; \ (bio)->bi_partno = (bdev)->bd_partno; \ bio_associate_blkg(bio); \ } while (0) #define bio_copy_dev(dst, src) \ do { \ (dst)->bi_disk = (src)->bi_disk; \ (dst)->bi_partno = (src)->bi_partno; \ bio_clone_blkg_association(dst, src); \ } while (0) #define bio_dev(bio) \ disk_devt((bio)->bi_disk) #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP void bio_associate_blkg(struct bio *bio); void bio_associate_blkg_from_css(struct bio *bio, struct cgroup_subsys_state *css); void bio_clone_blkg_association(struct bio *dst, struct bio *src); #else /* CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP */ static inline void bio_associate_blkg(struct bio *bio) { } static inline void bio_associate_blkg_from_css(struct bio *bio, struct cgroup_subsys_state *css) { } static inline void bio_clone_blkg_association(struct bio *dst, struct bio *src) { } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP */ #ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM /* * remember never ever reenable interrupts between a bvec_kmap_irq and * bvec_kunmap_irq! */ static inline char *bvec_kmap_irq(struct bio_vec *bvec, unsigned long *flags) { unsigned long addr; /* * might not be a highmem page, but the preempt/irq count * balancing is a lot nicer this way */ local_irq_save(*flags); addr = (unsigned long) kmap_atomic(bvec->bv_page); BUG_ON(addr & ~PAGE_MASK); return (char *) addr + bvec->bv_offset; } static inline void bvec_kunmap_irq(char *buffer, unsigned long *flags) { unsigned long ptr = (unsigned long) buffer & PAGE_MASK; kunmap_atomic((void *) ptr); local_irq_restore(*flags); } #else static inline char *bvec_kmap_irq(struct bio_vec *bvec, unsigned long *flags) { return page_address(bvec->bv_page) + bvec->bv_offset; } static inline void bvec_kunmap_irq(char *buffer, unsigned long *flags) { *flags = 0; } #endif /* * BIO list management for use by remapping drivers (e.g. DM or MD) and loop. * * A bio_list anchors a singly-linked list of bios chained through the bi_next * member of the bio. The bio_list also caches the last list member to allow * fast access to the tail. */ struct bio_list { struct bio *head; struct bio *tail; }; static inline int bio_list_empty(const struct bio_list *bl) { return bl->head == NULL; } static inline void bio_list_init(struct bio_list *bl) { bl->head = bl->tail = NULL; } #define BIO_EMPTY_LIST { NULL, NULL } #define bio_list_for_each(bio, bl) \ for (bio = (bl)->head; bio; bio = bio->bi_next) static inline unsigned bio_list_size(const struct bio_list *bl) { unsigned sz = 0; struct bio *bio; bio_list_for_each(bio, bl) sz++; return sz; } static inline void bio_list_add(struct bio_list *bl, struct bio *bio) { bio->bi_next = NULL; if (bl->tail) bl->tail->bi_next = bio; else bl->head = bio; bl->tail = bio; } static inline void bio_list_add_head(struct bio_list *bl, struct bio *bio) { bio->bi_next = bl->head; bl->head = bio; if (!bl->tail) bl->tail = bio; } static inline void bio_list_merge(struct bio_list *bl, struct bio_list *bl2) { if (!bl2->head) return; if (bl->tail) bl->tail->bi_next = bl2->head; else bl->head = bl2->head; bl->tail = bl2->tail; } static inline void bio_list_merge_head(struct bio_list *bl, struct bio_list *bl2) { if (!bl2->head) return; if (bl->head) bl2->tail->bi_next = bl->head; else bl->tail = bl2->tail; bl->head = bl2->head; } static inline struct bio *bio_list_peek(struct bio_list *bl) { return bl->head; } static inline struct bio *bio_list_pop(struct bio_list *bl) { struct bio *bio = bl->head; if (bio) { bl->head = bl->head->bi_next; if (!bl->head) bl->tail = NULL; bio->bi_next = NULL; } return bio; } static inline struct bio *bio_list_get(struct bio_list *bl) { struct bio *bio = bl->head; bl->head = bl->tail = NULL; return bio; } /* * Increment chain count for the bio. Make sure the CHAIN flag update * is visible before the raised count. */ static inline void bio_inc_remaining(struct bio *bio) { bio_set_flag(bio, BIO_CHAIN); smp_mb__before_atomic(); atomic_inc(&bio->__bi_remaining); } /* * bio_set is used to allow other portions of the IO system to * allocate their own private memory pools for bio and iovec structures. * These memory pools in turn all allocate from the bio_slab * and the bvec_slabs[]. */ #define BIO_POOL_SIZE 2 struct bio_set { struct kmem_cache *bio_slab; unsigned int front_pad; mempool_t bio_pool; mempool_t bvec_pool; #if defined(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY) mempool_t bio_integrity_pool; mempool_t bvec_integrity_pool; #endif /* * Deadlock avoidance for stacking block drivers: see comments in * bio_alloc_bioset() for details */ spinlock_t rescue_lock; struct bio_list rescue_list; struct work_struct rescue_work; struct workqueue_struct *rescue_workqueue; }; struct biovec_slab { int nr_vecs; char *name; struct kmem_cache *slab; }; static inline bool bioset_initialized(struct bio_set *bs) { return bs->bio_slab != NULL; } /* * a small number of entries is fine, not going to be performance critical. * basically we just need to survive */ #define BIO_SPLIT_ENTRIES 2 #if defined(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY) #define bip_for_each_vec(bvl, bip, iter) \ for_each_bvec(bvl, (bip)->bip_vec, iter, (bip)->bip_iter) #define bio_for_each_integrity_vec(_bvl, _bio, _iter) \ for_each_bio(_bio) \ bip_for_each_vec(_bvl, _bio->bi_integrity, _iter) extern struct bio_integrity_payload *bio_integrity_alloc(struct bio *, gfp_t, unsigned int); extern int bio_integrity_add_page(struct bio *, struct page *, unsigned int, unsigned int); extern bool bio_integrity_prep(struct bio *); extern void bio_integrity_advance(struct bio *, unsigned int); extern void bio_integrity_trim(struct bio *); extern int bio_integrity_clone(struct bio *, struct bio *, gfp_t); extern int bioset_integrity_create(struct bio_set *, int); extern void bioset_integrity_free(struct bio_set *); extern void bio_integrity_init(void); #else /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY */ static inline void *bio_integrity(struct bio *bio) { return NULL; } static inline int bioset_integrity_create(struct bio_set *bs, int pool_size) { return 0; } static inline void bioset_integrity_free (struct bio_set *bs) { return; } static inline bool bio_integrity_prep(struct bio *bio) { return true; } static inline int bio_integrity_clone(struct bio *bio, struct bio *bio_src, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return 0; } static inline void bio_integrity_advance(struct bio *bio, unsigned int bytes_done) { return; } static inline void bio_integrity_trim(struct bio *bio) { return; } static inline void bio_integrity_init(void) { return; } static inline bool bio_integrity_flagged(struct bio *bio, enum bip_flags flag) { return false; } static inline void *bio_integrity_alloc(struct bio * bio, gfp_t gfp, unsigned int nr) { return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } static inline int bio_integrity_add_page(struct bio *bio, struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int offset) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY */ /* * Mark a bio as polled. Note that for async polled IO, the caller must * expect -EWOULDBLOCK if we cannot allocate a request (or other resources). * We cannot block waiting for requests on polled IO, as those completions * must be found by the caller. This is different than IRQ driven IO, where * it's safe to wait for IO to complete. */ static inline void bio_set_polled(struct bio *bio, struct kiocb *kiocb) { bio->bi_opf |= REQ_HIPRI; if (!is_sync_kiocb(kiocb)) bio->bi_opf |= REQ_NOWAIT; } #endif /* __LINUX_BIO_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * net busy poll support * Copyright(c) 2013 Intel Corporation. * * Author: Eliezer Tamir * * Contact Information: * e1000-devel Mailing List <e1000-devel@lists.sourceforge.net> */ #ifndef _LINUX_NET_BUSY_POLL_H #define _LINUX_NET_BUSY_POLL_H #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/sched/clock.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <net/ip.h> /* 0 - Reserved to indicate value not set * 1..NR_CPUS - Reserved for sender_cpu * NR_CPUS+1..~0 - Region available for NAPI IDs */ #define MIN_NAPI_ID ((unsigned int)(NR_CPUS + 1)) #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL struct napi_struct; extern unsigned int sysctl_net_busy_read __read_mostly; extern unsigned int sysctl_net_busy_poll __read_mostly; static inline bool net_busy_loop_on(void) { return sysctl_net_busy_poll; } static inline bool sk_can_busy_loop(const struct sock *sk) { return READ_ONCE(sk->sk_ll_usec) && !signal_pending(current); } bool sk_busy_loop_end(void *p, unsigned long start_time); void napi_busy_loop(unsigned int napi_id, bool (*loop_end)(void *, unsigned long), void *loop_end_arg); #else /* CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL */ static inline unsigned long net_busy_loop_on(void) { return 0; } static inline bool sk_can_busy_loop(struct sock *sk) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL */ static inline unsigned long busy_loop_current_time(void) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL return (unsigned long)(local_clock() >> 10); #else return 0; #endif } /* in poll/select we use the global sysctl_net_ll_poll value */ static inline bool busy_loop_timeout(unsigned long start_time) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL unsigned long bp_usec = READ_ONCE(sysctl_net_busy_poll); if (bp_usec) { unsigned long end_time = start_time + bp_usec; unsigned long now = busy_loop_current_time(); return time_after(now, end_time); } #endif return true; } static inline bool sk_busy_loop_timeout(struct sock *sk, unsigned long start_time) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL unsigned long bp_usec = READ_ONCE(sk->sk_ll_usec); if (bp_usec) { unsigned long end_time = start_time + bp_usec; unsigned long now = busy_loop_current_time(); return time_after(now, end_time); } #endif return true; } static inline void sk_busy_loop(struct sock *sk, int nonblock) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL unsigned int napi_id = READ_ONCE(sk->sk_napi_id); if (napi_id >= MIN_NAPI_ID) napi_busy_loop(napi_id, nonblock ? NULL : sk_busy_loop_end, sk); #endif } /* used in the NIC receive handler to mark the skb */ static inline void skb_mark_napi_id(struct sk_buff *skb, struct napi_struct *napi) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL /* If the skb was already marked with a valid NAPI ID, avoid overwriting * it. */ if (skb->napi_id < MIN_NAPI_ID) skb->napi_id = napi->napi_id; #endif } /* used in the protocol hanlder to propagate the napi_id to the socket */ static inline void sk_mark_napi_id(struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL WRITE_ONCE(sk->sk_napi_id, skb->napi_id); #endif sk_rx_queue_set(sk, skb); } /* variant used for unconnected sockets */ static inline void sk_mark_napi_id_once(struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL if (!READ_ONCE(sk->sk_napi_id)) WRITE_ONCE(sk->sk_napi_id, skb->napi_id); #endif } #endif /* _LINUX_NET_BUSY_POLL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * This header is for implementations of dma_map_ops and related code. * It should not be included in drivers just using the DMA API. */ #ifndef _LINUX_DMA_MAP_OPS_H #define _LINUX_DMA_MAP_OPS_H #include <linux/dma-mapping.h> #include <linux/pgtable.h> struct cma; struct dma_map_ops { void *(*alloc)(struct device *dev, size_t size, dma_addr_t *dma_handle, gfp_t gfp, unsigned long attrs); void (*free)(struct device *dev, size_t size, void *vaddr, dma_addr_t dma_handle, unsigned long attrs); struct page *(*alloc_pages)(struct device *dev, size_t size, dma_addr_t *dma_handle, enum dma_data_direction dir, gfp_t gfp); void (*free_pages)(struct device *dev, size_t size, struct page *vaddr, dma_addr_t dma_handle, enum dma_data_direction dir); void *(*alloc_noncoherent)(struct device *dev, size_t size, dma_addr_t *dma_handle, enum dma_data_direction dir, gfp_t gfp); void (*free_noncoherent)(struct device *dev, size_t size, void *vaddr, dma_addr_t dma_handle, enum dma_data_direction dir); int (*mmap)(struct device *, struct vm_area_struct *, void *, dma_addr_t, size_t, unsigned long attrs); int (*get_sgtable)(struct device *dev, struct sg_table *sgt, void *cpu_addr, dma_addr_t dma_addr, size_t size, unsigned long attrs); dma_addr_t (*map_page)(struct device *dev, struct page *page, unsigned long offset, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs); void (*unmap_page)(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t dma_handle, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs); /* * map_sg returns 0 on error and a value > 0 on success. * It should never return a value < 0. */ int (*map_sg)(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sg, int nents, enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs); void (*unmap_sg)(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sg, int nents, enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs); dma_addr_t (*map_resource)(struct device *dev, phys_addr_t phys_addr, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs); void (*unmap_resource)(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t dma_handle, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs); void (*sync_single_for_cpu)(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t dma_handle, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir); void (*sync_single_for_device)(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t dma_handle, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir); void (*sync_sg_for_cpu)(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sg, int nents, enum dma_data_direction dir); void (*sync_sg_for_device)(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sg, int nents, enum dma_data_direction dir); void (*cache_sync)(struct device *dev, void *vaddr, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction direction); int (*dma_supported)(struct device *dev, u64 mask); u64 (*get_required_mask)(struct device *dev); size_t (*max_mapping_size)(struct device *dev); unsigned long (*get_merge_boundary)(struct device *dev); }; #ifdef CONFIG_DMA_OPS #include <asm/dma-mapping.h> static inline const struct dma_map_ops *get_dma_ops(struct device *dev) { if (dev->dma_ops) return dev->dma_ops; return get_arch_dma_ops(dev->bus); } static inline void set_dma_ops(struct device *dev, const struct dma_map_ops *dma_ops) { dev->dma_ops = dma_ops; } #else /* CONFIG_DMA_OPS */ static inline const struct dma_map_ops *get_dma_ops(struct device *dev) { return NULL; } static inline void set_dma_ops(struct device *dev, const struct dma_map_ops *dma_ops) { } #endif /* CONFIG_DMA_OPS */ #ifdef CONFIG_DMA_CMA extern struct cma *dma_contiguous_default_area; static inline struct cma *dev_get_cma_area(struct device *dev) { if (dev && dev->cma_area) return dev->cma_area; return dma_contiguous_default_area; } void dma_contiguous_reserve(phys_addr_t addr_limit); int __init dma_contiguous_reserve_area(phys_addr_t size, phys_addr_t base, phys_addr_t limit, struct cma **res_cma, bool fixed); struct page *dma_alloc_from_contiguous(struct device *dev, size_t count, unsigned int order, bool no_warn); bool dma_release_from_contiguous(struct device *dev, struct page *pages, int count); struct page *dma_alloc_contiguous(struct device *dev, size_t size, gfp_t gfp); void dma_free_contiguous(struct device *dev, struct page *page, size_t size); void dma_contiguous_early_fixup(phys_addr_t base, unsigned long size); #else /* CONFIG_DMA_CMA */ static inline struct cma *dev_get_cma_area(struct device *dev) { return NULL; } static inline void dma_contiguous_reserve(phys_addr_t limit) { } static inline int dma_contiguous_reserve_area(phys_addr_t size, phys_addr_t base, phys_addr_t limit, struct cma **res_cma, bool fixed) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline struct page *dma_alloc_from_contiguous(struct device *dev, size_t count, unsigned int order, bool no_warn) { return NULL; } static inline bool dma_release_from_contiguous(struct device *dev, struct page *pages, int count) { return false; } /* Use fallback alloc() and free() when CONFIG_DMA_CMA=n */ static inline struct page *dma_alloc_contiguous(struct device *dev, size_t size, gfp_t gfp) { return NULL; } static inline void dma_free_contiguous(struct device *dev, struct page *page, size_t size) { __free_pages(page, get_order(size)); } #endif /* CONFIG_DMA_CMA*/ #ifdef CONFIG_DMA_PERNUMA_CMA void dma_pernuma_cma_reserve(void); #else static inline void dma_pernuma_cma_reserve(void) { } #endif /* CONFIG_DMA_PERNUMA_CMA */ #ifdef CONFIG_DMA_DECLARE_COHERENT int dma_declare_coherent_memory(struct device *dev, phys_addr_t phys_addr, dma_addr_t device_addr, size_t size); int dma_alloc_from_dev_coherent(struct device *dev, ssize_t size, dma_addr_t *dma_handle, void **ret); int dma_release_from_dev_coherent(struct device *dev, int order, void *vaddr); int dma_mmap_from_dev_coherent(struct device *dev, struct vm_area_struct *vma, void *cpu_addr, size_t size, int *ret); void *dma_alloc_from_global_coherent(struct device *dev, ssize_t size, dma_addr_t *dma_handle); int dma_release_from_global_coherent(int order, void *vaddr); int dma_mmap_from_global_coherent(struct vm_area_struct *vma, void *cpu_addr, size_t size, int *ret); #else static inline int dma_declare_coherent_memory(struct device *dev, phys_addr_t phys_addr, dma_addr_t device_addr, size_t size) { return -ENOSYS; } #define dma_alloc_from_dev_coherent(dev, size, handle, ret) (0) #define dma_release_from_dev_coherent(dev, order, vaddr) (0) #define dma_mmap_from_dev_coherent(dev, vma, vaddr, order, ret) (0) static inline void *dma_alloc_from_global_coherent(struct device *dev, ssize_t size, dma_addr_t *dma_handle) { return NULL; } static inline int dma_release_from_global_coherent(int order, void *vaddr) { return 0; } static inline int dma_mmap_from_global_coherent(struct vm_area_struct *vma, void *cpu_addr, size_t size, int *ret) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_DMA_DECLARE_COHERENT */ int dma_common_get_sgtable(struct device *dev, struct sg_table *sgt, void *cpu_addr, dma_addr_t dma_addr, size_t size, unsigned long attrs); int dma_common_mmap(struct device *dev, struct vm_area_struct *vma, void *cpu_addr, dma_addr_t dma_addr, size_t size, unsigned long attrs); struct page *dma_common_alloc_pages(struct device *dev, size_t size, dma_addr_t *dma_handle, enum dma_data_direction dir, gfp_t gfp); void dma_common_free_pages(struct device *dev, size_t size, struct page *vaddr, dma_addr_t dma_handle, enum dma_data_direction dir); struct page **dma_common_find_pages(void *cpu_addr); void *dma_common_contiguous_remap(struct page *page, size_t size, pgprot_t prot, const void *caller); void *dma_common_pages_remap(struct page **pages, size_t size, pgprot_t prot, const void *caller); void dma_common_free_remap(void *cpu_addr, size_t size); struct page *dma_alloc_from_pool(struct device *dev, size_t size, void **cpu_addr, gfp_t flags, bool (*phys_addr_ok)(struct device *, phys_addr_t, size_t)); bool dma_free_from_pool(struct device *dev, void *start, size_t size); #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_DMA_COHERENCE_H #include <asm/dma-coherence.h> #elif defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYNC_DMA_FOR_DEVICE) || \ defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYNC_DMA_FOR_CPU) || \ defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYNC_DMA_FOR_CPU_ALL) static inline bool dev_is_dma_coherent(struct device *dev) { return dev->dma_coherent; } #else static inline bool dev_is_dma_coherent(struct device *dev) { return true; } #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_DMA_COHERENCE_H */ void *arch_dma_alloc(struct device *dev, size_t size, dma_addr_t *dma_handle, gfp_t gfp, unsigned long attrs); void arch_dma_free(struct device *dev, size_t size, void *cpu_addr, dma_addr_t dma_addr, unsigned long attrs); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU /* * Page protection so that devices that can't snoop CPU caches can use the * memory coherently. We default to pgprot_noncached which is usually used * for ioremap as a safe bet, but architectures can override this with less * strict semantics if possible. */ #ifndef pgprot_dmacoherent #define pgprot_dmacoherent(prot) pgprot_noncached(prot) #endif pgprot_t dma_pgprot(struct device *dev, pgprot_t prot, unsigned long attrs); #else static inline pgprot_t dma_pgprot(struct device *dev, pgprot_t prot, unsigned long attrs) { return prot; /* no protection bits supported without page tables */ } #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYNC_DMA_FOR_DEVICE void arch_sync_dma_for_device(phys_addr_t paddr, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir); #else static inline void arch_sync_dma_for_device(phys_addr_t paddr, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir) { } #endif /* ARCH_HAS_SYNC_DMA_FOR_DEVICE */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYNC_DMA_FOR_CPU void arch_sync_dma_for_cpu(phys_addr_t paddr, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir); #else static inline void arch_sync_dma_for_cpu(phys_addr_t paddr, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir) { } #endif /* ARCH_HAS_SYNC_DMA_FOR_CPU */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYNC_DMA_FOR_CPU_ALL void arch_sync_dma_for_cpu_all(void); #else static inline void arch_sync_dma_for_cpu_all(void) { } #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYNC_DMA_FOR_CPU_ALL */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_DMA_PREP_COHERENT void arch_dma_prep_coherent(struct page *page, size_t size); #else static inline void arch_dma_prep_coherent(struct page *page, size_t size) { } #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_DMA_PREP_COHERENT */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_DMA_MARK_CLEAN void arch_dma_mark_clean(phys_addr_t paddr, size_t size); #else static inline void arch_dma_mark_clean(phys_addr_t paddr, size_t size) { } #endif /* ARCH_HAS_DMA_MARK_CLEAN */ void *arch_dma_set_uncached(void *addr, size_t size); void arch_dma_clear_uncached(void *addr, size_t size); #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SETUP_DMA_OPS void arch_setup_dma_ops(struct device *dev, u64 dma_base, u64 size, const struct iommu_ops *iommu, bool coherent); #else static inline void arch_setup_dma_ops(struct device *dev, u64 dma_base, u64 size, const struct iommu_ops *iommu, bool coherent) { } #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SETUP_DMA_OPS */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_TEARDOWN_DMA_OPS void arch_teardown_dma_ops(struct device *dev); #else static inline void arch_teardown_dma_ops(struct device *dev) { } #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_TEARDOWN_DMA_OPS */ #ifdef CONFIG_DMA_API_DEBUG void dma_debug_add_bus(struct bus_type *bus); void debug_dma_dump_mappings(struct device *dev); #else static inline void dma_debug_add_bus(struct bus_type *bus) { } static inline void debug_dma_dump_mappings(struct device *dev) { } #endif /* CONFIG_DMA_API_DEBUG */ extern const struct dma_map_ops dma_dummy_ops; #endif /* _LINUX_DMA_MAP_OPS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ #ifndef __SOUND_CORE_H #define __SOUND_CORE_H /* * Main header file for the ALSA driver * Copyright (c) 1994-2001 by Jaroslav Kysela <perex@perex.cz> */ #include <linux/device.h> #include <linux/sched.h> /* wake_up() */ #include <linux/mutex.h> /* struct mutex */ #include <linux/rwsem.h> /* struct rw_semaphore */ #include <linux/pm.h> /* pm_message_t */ #include <linux/stringify.h> #include <linux/printk.h> /* number of supported soundcards */ #ifdef CONFIG_SND_DYNAMIC_MINORS #define SNDRV_CARDS CONFIG_SND_MAX_CARDS #else #define SNDRV_CARDS 8 /* don't change - minor numbers */ #endif #define CONFIG_SND_MAJOR 116 /* standard configuration */ /* forward declarations */ struct pci_dev; struct module; struct completion; /* device allocation stuff */ /* type of the object used in snd_device_*() * this also defines the calling order */ enum snd_device_type { SNDRV_DEV_LOWLEVEL, SNDRV_DEV_INFO, SNDRV_DEV_BUS, SNDRV_DEV_CODEC, SNDRV_DEV_PCM, SNDRV_DEV_COMPRESS, SNDRV_DEV_RAWMIDI, SNDRV_DEV_TIMER, SNDRV_DEV_SEQUENCER, SNDRV_DEV_HWDEP, SNDRV_DEV_JACK, SNDRV_DEV_CONTROL, /* NOTE: this must be the last one */ }; enum snd_device_state { SNDRV_DEV_BUILD, SNDRV_DEV_REGISTERED, SNDRV_DEV_DISCONNECTED, }; struct snd_device; struct snd_device_ops { int (*dev_free)(struct snd_device *dev); int (*dev_register)(struct snd_device *dev); int (*dev_disconnect)(struct snd_device *dev); }; struct snd_device { struct list_head list; /* list of registered devices */ struct snd_card *card; /* card which holds this device */ enum snd_device_state state; /* state of the device */ enum snd_device_type type; /* device type */ void *device_data; /* device structure */ const struct snd_device_ops *ops; /* operations */ }; #define snd_device(n) list_entry(n, struct snd_device, list) /* main structure for soundcard */ struct snd_card { int number; /* number of soundcard (index to snd_cards) */ char id[16]; /* id string of this card */ char driver[16]; /* driver name */ char shortname[32]; /* short name of this soundcard */ char longname[80]; /* name of this soundcard */ char irq_descr[32]; /* Interrupt description */ char mixername[80]; /* mixer name */ char components[128]; /* card components delimited with space */ struct module *module; /* top-level module */ void *private_data; /* private data for soundcard */ void (*private_free) (struct snd_card *card); /* callback for freeing of private data */ struct list_head devices; /* devices */ struct device ctl_dev; /* control device */ unsigned int last_numid; /* last used numeric ID */ struct rw_semaphore controls_rwsem; /* controls list lock */ rwlock_t ctl_files_rwlock; /* ctl_files list lock */ int controls_count; /* count of all controls */ int user_ctl_count; /* count of all user controls */ struct list_head controls; /* all controls for this card */ struct list_head ctl_files; /* active control files */ struct snd_info_entry *proc_root; /* root for soundcard specific files */ struct proc_dir_entry *proc_root_link; /* number link to real id */ struct list_head files_list; /* all files associated to this card */ struct snd_shutdown_f_ops *s_f_ops; /* file operations in the shutdown state */ spinlock_t files_lock; /* lock the files for this card */ int shutdown; /* this card is going down */ struct completion *release_completion; struct device *dev; /* device assigned to this card */ struct device card_dev; /* cardX object for sysfs */ const struct attribute_group *dev_groups[4]; /* assigned sysfs attr */ bool registered; /* card_dev is registered? */ int sync_irq; /* assigned irq, used for PCM sync */ wait_queue_head_t remove_sleep; size_t total_pcm_alloc_bytes; /* total amount of allocated buffers */ struct mutex memory_mutex; /* protection for the above */ #ifdef CONFIG_PM unsigned int power_state; /* power state */ wait_queue_head_t power_sleep; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SND_MIXER_OSS) struct snd_mixer_oss *mixer_oss; int mixer_oss_change_count; #endif }; #define dev_to_snd_card(p) container_of(p, struct snd_card, card_dev) #ifdef CONFIG_PM static inline unsigned int snd_power_get_state(struct snd_card *card) { return card->power_state; } static inline void snd_power_change_state(struct snd_card *card, unsigned int state) { card->power_state = state; wake_up(&card->power_sleep); } /* init.c */ int snd_power_wait(struct snd_card *card, unsigned int power_state); #else /* ! CONFIG_PM */ static inline int snd_power_wait(struct snd_card *card, unsigned int state) { return 0; } #define snd_power_get_state(card) ({ (void)(card); SNDRV_CTL_POWER_D0; }) #define snd_power_change_state(card, state) do { (void)(card); } while (0) #endif /* CONFIG_PM */ struct snd_minor { int type; /* SNDRV_DEVICE_TYPE_XXX */ int card; /* card number */ int device; /* device number */ const struct file_operations *f_ops; /* file operations */ void *private_data; /* private data for f_ops->open */ struct device *dev; /* device for sysfs */ struct snd_card *card_ptr; /* assigned card instance */ }; /* return a device pointer linked to each sound device as a parent */ static inline struct device *snd_card_get_device_link(struct snd_card *card) { return card ? &card->card_dev : NULL; } /* sound.c */ extern int snd_major; extern int snd_ecards_limit; extern struct class *sound_class; void snd_request_card(int card); void snd_device_initialize(struct device *dev, struct snd_card *card); int snd_register_device(int type, struct snd_card *card, int dev, const struct file_operations *f_ops, void *private_data, struct device *device); int snd_unregister_device(struct device *dev); void *snd_lookup_minor_data(unsigned int minor, int type); #ifdef CONFIG_SND_OSSEMUL int snd_register_oss_device(int type, struct snd_card *card, int dev, const struct file_operations *f_ops, void *private_data); int snd_unregister_oss_device(int type, struct snd_card *card, int dev); void *snd_lookup_oss_minor_data(unsigned int minor, int type); #endif int snd_minor_info_init(void); /* sound_oss.c */ #ifdef CONFIG_SND_OSSEMUL int snd_minor_info_oss_init(void); #else static inline int snd_minor_info_oss_init(void) { return 0; } #endif /* memory.c */ int copy_to_user_fromio(void __user *dst, const volatile void __iomem *src, size_t count); int copy_from_user_toio(volatile void __iomem *dst, const void __user *src, size_t count); /* init.c */ int snd_card_locked(int card); #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SND_MIXER_OSS) #define SND_MIXER_OSS_NOTIFY_REGISTER 0 #define SND_MIXER_OSS_NOTIFY_DISCONNECT 1 #define SND_MIXER_OSS_NOTIFY_FREE 2 extern int (*snd_mixer_oss_notify_callback)(struct snd_card *card, int cmd); #endif int snd_card_new(struct device *parent, int idx, const char *xid, struct module *module, int extra_size, struct snd_card **card_ret); int snd_card_disconnect(struct snd_card *card); void snd_card_disconnect_sync(struct snd_card *card); int snd_card_free(struct snd_card *card); int snd_card_free_when_closed(struct snd_card *card); void snd_card_set_id(struct snd_card *card, const char *id); int snd_card_register(struct snd_card *card); int snd_card_info_init(void); int snd_card_add_dev_attr(struct snd_card *card, const struct attribute_group *group); int snd_component_add(struct snd_card *card, const char *component); int snd_card_file_add(struct snd_card *card, struct file *file); int snd_card_file_remove(struct snd_card *card, struct file *file); struct snd_card *snd_card_ref(int card); /** * snd_card_unref - Unreference the card object * @card: the card object to unreference * * Call this function for the card object that was obtained via snd_card_ref() * or snd_lookup_minor_data(). */ static inline void snd_card_unref(struct snd_card *card) { put_device(&card->card_dev); } #define snd_card_set_dev(card, devptr) ((card)->dev = (devptr)) /* device.c */ int snd_device_new(struct snd_card *card, enum snd_device_type type, void *device_data, const struct snd_device_ops *ops); int snd_device_register(struct snd_card *card, void *device_data); int snd_device_register_all(struct snd_card *card); void snd_device_disconnect(struct snd_card *card, void *device_data); void snd_device_disconnect_all(struct snd_card *card); void snd_device_free(struct snd_card *card, void *device_data); void snd_device_free_all(struct snd_card *card); int snd_device_get_state(struct snd_card *card, void *device_data); /* isadma.c */ #ifdef CONFIG_ISA_DMA_API #define DMA_MODE_NO_ENABLE 0x0100 void snd_dma_program(unsigned long dma, unsigned long addr, unsigned int size, unsigned short mode); void snd_dma_disable(unsigned long dma); unsigned int snd_dma_pointer(unsigned long dma, unsigned int size); #endif /* misc.c */ struct resource; void release_and_free_resource(struct resource *res); /* --- */ /* sound printk debug levels */ enum { SND_PR_ALWAYS, SND_PR_DEBUG, SND_PR_VERBOSE, }; #if defined(CONFIG_SND_DEBUG) || defined(CONFIG_SND_VERBOSE_PRINTK) __printf(4, 5) void __snd_printk(unsigned int level, const char *file, int line, const char *format, ...); #else #define __snd_printk(level, file, line, format, ...) \ printk(format, ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /** * snd_printk - printk wrapper * @fmt: format string * * Works like printk() but prints the file and the line of the caller * when configured with CONFIG_SND_VERBOSE_PRINTK. */ #define snd_printk(fmt, ...) \ __snd_printk(0, __FILE__, __LINE__, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #ifdef CONFIG_SND_DEBUG /** * snd_printd - debug printk * @fmt: format string * * Works like snd_printk() for debugging purposes. * Ignored when CONFIG_SND_DEBUG is not set. */ #define snd_printd(fmt, ...) \ __snd_printk(1, __FILE__, __LINE__, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define _snd_printd(level, fmt, ...) \ __snd_printk(level, __FILE__, __LINE__, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * snd_BUG - give a BUG warning message and stack trace * * Calls WARN() if CONFIG_SND_DEBUG is set. * Ignored when CONFIG_SND_DEBUG is not set. */ #define snd_BUG() WARN(1, "BUG?\n") /** * snd_printd_ratelimit - Suppress high rates of output when * CONFIG_SND_DEBUG is enabled. */ #define snd_printd_ratelimit() printk_ratelimit() /** * snd_BUG_ON - debugging check macro * @cond: condition to evaluate * * Has the same behavior as WARN_ON when CONFIG_SND_DEBUG is set, * otherwise just evaluates the conditional and returns the value. */ #define snd_BUG_ON(cond) WARN_ON((cond)) #else /* !CONFIG_SND_DEBUG */ __printf(1, 2) static inline void snd_printd(const char *format, ...) {} __printf(2, 3) static inline void _snd_printd(int level, const char *format, ...) {} #define snd_BUG() do { } while (0) #define snd_BUG_ON(condition) ({ \ int __ret_warn_on = !!(condition); \ unlikely(__ret_warn_on); \ }) static inline bool snd_printd_ratelimit(void) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_SND_DEBUG */ #ifdef CONFIG_SND_DEBUG_VERBOSE /** * snd_printdd - debug printk * @format: format string * * Works like snd_printk() for debugging purposes. * Ignored when CONFIG_SND_DEBUG_VERBOSE is not set. */ #define snd_printdd(format, ...) \ __snd_printk(2, __FILE__, __LINE__, format, ##__VA_ARGS__) #else __printf(1, 2) static inline void snd_printdd(const char *format, ...) {} #endif #define SNDRV_OSS_VERSION ((3<<16)|(8<<8)|(1<<4)|(0)) /* 3.8.1a */ /* for easier backward-porting */ #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_GAMEPORT) #define gameport_set_dev_parent(gp,xdev) ((gp)->dev.parent = (xdev)) #define gameport_set_port_data(gp,r) ((gp)->port_data = (r)) #define gameport_get_port_data(gp) (gp)->port_data #endif /* PCI quirk list helper */ struct snd_pci_quirk { unsigned short subvendor; /* PCI subvendor ID */ unsigned short subdevice; /* PCI subdevice ID */ unsigned short subdevice_mask; /* bitmask to match */ int value; /* value */ #ifdef CONFIG_SND_DEBUG_VERBOSE const char *name; /* name of the device (optional) */ #endif }; #define _SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID_MASK(vend, mask, dev) \ .subvendor = (vend), .subdevice = (dev), .subdevice_mask = (mask) #define _SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID(vend, dev) \ _SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID_MASK(vend, 0xffff, dev) #define SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID(vend,dev) {_SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID(vend, dev)} #ifdef CONFIG_SND_DEBUG_VERBOSE #define SND_PCI_QUIRK(vend,dev,xname,val) \ {_SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID(vend, dev), .value = (val), .name = (xname)} #define SND_PCI_QUIRK_VENDOR(vend, xname, val) \ {_SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID_MASK(vend, 0, 0), .value = (val), .name = (xname)} #define SND_PCI_QUIRK_MASK(vend, mask, dev, xname, val) \ {_SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID_MASK(vend, mask, dev), \ .value = (val), .name = (xname)} #define snd_pci_quirk_name(q) ((q)->name) #else #define SND_PCI_QUIRK(vend,dev,xname,val) \ {_SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID(vend, dev), .value = (val)} #define SND_PCI_QUIRK_MASK(vend, mask, dev, xname, val) \ {_SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID_MASK(vend, mask, dev), .value = (val)} #define SND_PCI_QUIRK_VENDOR(vend, xname, val) \ {_SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID_MASK(vend, 0, 0), .value = (val)} #define snd_pci_quirk_name(q) "" #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PCI const struct snd_pci_quirk * snd_pci_quirk_lookup(struct pci_dev *pci, const struct snd_pci_quirk *list); const struct snd_pci_quirk * snd_pci_quirk_lookup_id(u16 vendor, u16 device, const struct snd_pci_quirk *list); #else static inline const struct snd_pci_quirk * snd_pci_quirk_lookup(struct pci_dev *pci, const struct snd_pci_quirk *list) { return NULL; } static inline const struct snd_pci_quirk * snd_pci_quirk_lookup_id(u16 vendor, u16 device, const struct snd_pci_quirk *list) { return NULL; } #endif #endif /* __SOUND_CORE_H */
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SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_MM_H #define _LINUX_MM_H #include <linux/errno.h> #ifdef __KERNEL__ #include <linux/mmdebug.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/mmzone.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/debug_locks.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/mmap_lock.h> #include <linux/range.h> #include <linux/pfn.h> #include <linux/percpu-refcount.h> #include <linux/bit_spinlock.h> #include <linux/shrinker.h> #include <linux/resource.h> #include <linux/page_ext.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/page-flags.h> #include <linux/page_ref.h> #include <linux/memremap.h> #include <linux/overflow.h> #include <linux/sizes.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/pgtable.h> struct mempolicy; struct anon_vma; struct anon_vma_chain; struct file_ra_state; struct user_struct; struct writeback_control; struct bdi_writeback; struct pt_regs; extern int sysctl_page_lock_unfairness; void init_mm_internals(void); #ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES /* Don't use mapnrs, do it properly */ extern unsigned long max_mapnr; static inline void set_max_mapnr(unsigned long limit) { max_mapnr = limit; } #else static inline void set_max_mapnr(unsigned long limit) { } #endif extern atomic_long_t _totalram_pages; static inline unsigned long totalram_pages(void) { return (unsigned long)atomic_long_read(&_totalram_pages); } static inline void totalram_pages_inc(void) { atomic_long_inc(&_totalram_pages); } static inline void totalram_pages_dec(void) { atomic_long_dec(&_totalram_pages); } static inline void totalram_pages_add(long count) { atomic_long_add(count, &_totalram_pages); } extern void * high_memory; extern int page_cluster; #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL extern int sysctl_legacy_va_layout; #else #define sysctl_legacy_va_layout 0 #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_BITS extern const int mmap_rnd_bits_min; extern const int mmap_rnd_bits_max; extern int mmap_rnd_bits __read_mostly; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_COMPAT_BITS extern const int mmap_rnd_compat_bits_min; extern const int mmap_rnd_compat_bits_max; extern int mmap_rnd_compat_bits __read_mostly; #endif #include <asm/page.h> #include <asm/processor.h> /* * Architectures that support memory tagging (assigning tags to memory regions, * embedding these tags into addresses that point to these memory regions, and * checking that the memory and the pointer tags match on memory accesses) * redefine this macro to strip tags from pointers. * It's defined as noop for arcitectures that don't support memory tagging. */ #ifndef untagged_addr #define untagged_addr(addr) (addr) #endif #ifndef __pa_symbol #define __pa_symbol(x) __pa(RELOC_HIDE((unsigned long)(x), 0)) #endif #ifndef page_to_virt #define page_to_virt(x) __va(PFN_PHYS(page_to_pfn(x))) #endif #ifndef lm_alias #define lm_alias(x) __va(__pa_symbol(x)) #endif /* * To prevent common memory management code establishing * a zero page mapping on a read fault. * This macro should be defined within <asm/pgtable.h>. * s390 does this to prevent multiplexing of hardware bits * related to the physical page in case of virtualization. */ #ifndef mm_forbids_zeropage #define mm_forbids_zeropage(X) (0) #endif /* * On some architectures it is expensive to call memset() for small sizes. * If an architecture decides to implement their own version of * mm_zero_struct_page they should wrap the defines below in a #ifndef and * define their own version of this macro in <asm/pgtable.h> */ #if BITS_PER_LONG == 64 /* This function must be updated when the size of struct page grows above 80 * or reduces below 56. The idea that compiler optimizes out switch() * statement, and only leaves move/store instructions. Also the compiler can * combine write statments if they are both assignments and can be reordered, * this can result in several of the writes here being dropped. */ #define mm_zero_struct_page(pp) __mm_zero_struct_page(pp) static inline void __mm_zero_struct_page(struct page *page) { unsigned long *_pp = (void *)page; /* Check that struct page is either 56, 64, 72, or 80 bytes */ BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct page) & 7); BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct page) < 56); BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct page) > 80); switch (sizeof(struct page)) { case 80: _pp[9] = 0; fallthrough; case 72: _pp[8] = 0; fallthrough; case 64: _pp[7] = 0; fallthrough; case 56: _pp[6] = 0; _pp[5] = 0; _pp[4] = 0; _pp[3] = 0; _pp[2] = 0; _pp[1] = 0; _pp[0] = 0; } } #else #define mm_zero_struct_page(pp) ((void)memset((pp), 0, sizeof(struct page))) #endif /* * Default maximum number of active map areas, this limits the number of vmas * per mm struct. Users can overwrite this number by sysctl but there is a * problem. * * When a program's coredump is generated as ELF format, a section is created * per a vma. In ELF, the number of sections is represented in unsigned short. * This means the number of sections should be smaller than 65535 at coredump. * Because the kernel adds some informative sections to a image of program at * generating coredump, we need some margin. The number of extra sections is * 1-3 now and depends on arch. We use "5" as safe margin, here. * * ELF extended numbering allows more than 65535 sections, so 16-bit bound is * not a hard limit any more. Although some userspace tools can be surprised by * that. */ #define MAPCOUNT_ELF_CORE_MARGIN (5) #define DEFAULT_MAX_MAP_COUNT (USHRT_MAX - MAPCOUNT_ELF_CORE_MARGIN) extern int sysctl_max_map_count; extern unsigned long sysctl_user_reserve_kbytes; extern unsigned long sysctl_admin_reserve_kbytes; extern int sysctl_overcommit_memory; extern int sysctl_overcommit_ratio; extern unsigned long sysctl_overcommit_kbytes; int overcommit_ratio_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); int overcommit_kbytes_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); int overcommit_policy_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); #define nth_page(page,n) pfn_to_page(page_to_pfn((page)) + (n)) /* to align the pointer to the (next) page boundary */ #define PAGE_ALIGN(addr) ALIGN(addr, PAGE_SIZE) /* test whether an address (unsigned long or pointer) is aligned to PAGE_SIZE */ #define PAGE_ALIGNED(addr) IS_ALIGNED((unsigned long)(addr), PAGE_SIZE) #define lru_to_page(head) (list_entry((head)->prev, struct page, lru)) /* * Linux kernel virtual memory manager primitives. * The idea being to have a "virtual" mm in the same way * we have a virtual fs - giving a cleaner interface to the * mm details, and allowing different kinds of memory mappings * (from shared memory to executable loading to arbitrary * mmap() functions). */ struct vm_area_struct *vm_area_alloc(struct mm_struct *); struct vm_area_struct *vm_area_dup(struct vm_area_struct *); void vm_area_free(struct vm_area_struct *); #ifndef CONFIG_MMU extern struct rb_root nommu_region_tree; extern struct rw_semaphore nommu_region_sem; extern unsigned int kobjsize(const void *objp); #endif /* * vm_flags in vm_area_struct, see mm_types.h. * When changing, update also include/trace/events/mmflags.h */ #define VM_NONE 0x00000000 #define VM_READ 0x00000001 /* currently active flags */ #define VM_WRITE 0x00000002 #define VM_EXEC 0x00000004 #define VM_SHARED 0x00000008 /* mprotect() hardcodes VM_MAYREAD >> 4 == VM_READ, and so for r/w/x bits. */ #define VM_MAYREAD 0x00000010 /* limits for mprotect() etc */ #define VM_MAYWRITE 0x00000020 #define VM_MAYEXEC 0x00000040 #define VM_MAYSHARE 0x00000080 #define VM_GROWSDOWN 0x00000100 /* general info on the segment */ #define VM_UFFD_MISSING 0x00000200 /* missing pages tracking */ #define VM_PFNMAP 0x00000400 /* Page-ranges managed without "struct page", just pure PFN */ #define VM_DENYWRITE 0x00000800 /* ETXTBSY on write attempts.. */ #define VM_UFFD_WP 0x00001000 /* wrprotect pages tracking */ #define VM_LOCKED 0x00002000 #define VM_IO 0x00004000 /* Memory mapped I/O or similar */ /* Used by sys_madvise() */ #define VM_SEQ_READ 0x00008000 /* App will access data sequentially */ #define VM_RAND_READ 0x00010000 /* App will not benefit from clustered reads */ #define VM_DONTCOPY 0x00020000 /* Do not copy this vma on fork */ #define VM_DONTEXPAND 0x00040000 /* Cannot expand with mremap() */ #define VM_LOCKONFAULT 0x00080000 /* Lock the pages covered when they are faulted in */ #define VM_ACCOUNT 0x00100000 /* Is a VM accounted object */ #define VM_NORESERVE 0x00200000 /* should the VM suppress accounting */ #define VM_HUGETLB 0x00400000 /* Huge TLB Page VM */ #define VM_SYNC 0x00800000 /* Synchronous page faults */ #define VM_ARCH_1 0x01000000 /* Architecture-specific flag */ #define VM_WIPEONFORK 0x02000000 /* Wipe VMA contents in child. */ #define VM_DONTDUMP 0x04000000 /* Do not include in the core dump */ #ifdef CONFIG_MEM_SOFT_DIRTY # define VM_SOFTDIRTY 0x08000000 /* Not soft dirty clean area */ #else # define VM_SOFTDIRTY 0 #endif #define VM_MIXEDMAP 0x10000000 /* Can contain "struct page" and pure PFN pages */ #define VM_HUGEPAGE 0x20000000 /* MADV_HUGEPAGE marked this vma */ #define VM_NOHUGEPAGE 0x40000000 /* MADV_NOHUGEPAGE marked this vma */ #define VM_MERGEABLE 0x80000000 /* KSM may merge identical pages */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_USES_HIGH_VMA_FLAGS #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_0 32 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_1 33 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_2 34 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_3 35 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_4 36 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_0 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_0) #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_1 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_1) #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_2 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_2) #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_3 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_3) #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_4 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_4) #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_USES_HIGH_VMA_FLAGS */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PKEYS # define VM_PKEY_SHIFT VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_0 # define VM_PKEY_BIT0 VM_HIGH_ARCH_0 /* A protection key is a 4-bit value */ # define VM_PKEY_BIT1 VM_HIGH_ARCH_1 /* on x86 and 5-bit value on ppc64 */ # define VM_PKEY_BIT2 VM_HIGH_ARCH_2 # define VM_PKEY_BIT3 VM_HIGH_ARCH_3 #ifdef CONFIG_PPC # define VM_PKEY_BIT4 VM_HIGH_ARCH_4 #else # define VM_PKEY_BIT4 0 #endif #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PKEYS */ #if defined(CONFIG_X86) # define VM_PAT VM_ARCH_1 /* PAT reserves whole VMA at once (x86) */ #elif defined(CONFIG_PPC) # define VM_SAO VM_ARCH_1 /* Strong Access Ordering (powerpc) */ #elif defined(CONFIG_PARISC) # define VM_GROWSUP VM_ARCH_1 #elif defined(CONFIG_IA64) # define VM_GROWSUP VM_ARCH_1 #elif defined(CONFIG_SPARC64) # define VM_SPARC_ADI VM_ARCH_1 /* Uses ADI tag for access control */ # define VM_ARCH_CLEAR VM_SPARC_ADI #elif defined(CONFIG_ARM64) # define VM_ARM64_BTI VM_ARCH_1 /* BTI guarded page, a.k.a. GP bit */ # define VM_ARCH_CLEAR VM_ARM64_BTI #elif !defined(CONFIG_MMU) # define VM_MAPPED_COPY VM_ARCH_1 /* T if mapped copy of data (nommu mmap) */ #endif #if defined(CONFIG_ARM64_MTE) # define VM_MTE VM_HIGH_ARCH_0 /* Use Tagged memory for access control */ # define VM_MTE_ALLOWED VM_HIGH_ARCH_1 /* Tagged memory permitted */ #else # define VM_MTE VM_NONE # define VM_MTE_ALLOWED VM_NONE #endif #ifndef VM_GROWSUP # define VM_GROWSUP VM_NONE #endif /* Bits set in the VMA until the stack is in its final location */ #define VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP (VM_RAND_READ | VM_SEQ_READ) #define TASK_EXEC ((current->personality & READ_IMPLIES_EXEC) ? VM_EXEC : 0) /* Common data flag combinations */ #define VM_DATA_FLAGS_TSK_EXEC (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | TASK_EXEC | \ VM_MAYREAD | VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC) #define VM_DATA_FLAGS_NON_EXEC (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | VM_MAYREAD | \ VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC) #define VM_DATA_FLAGS_EXEC (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | VM_EXEC | \ VM_MAYREAD | VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC) #ifndef VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS /* arch can override this */ #define VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS VM_DATA_FLAGS_EXEC #endif #ifndef VM_STACK_DEFAULT_FLAGS /* arch can override this */ #define VM_STACK_DEFAULT_FLAGS VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS #endif #ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP #define VM_STACK VM_GROWSUP #else #define VM_STACK VM_GROWSDOWN #endif #define VM_STACK_FLAGS (VM_STACK | VM_STACK_DEFAULT_FLAGS | VM_ACCOUNT) /* VMA basic access permission flags */ #define VM_ACCESS_FLAGS (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | VM_EXEC) /* * Special vmas that are non-mergable, non-mlock()able. */ #define VM_SPECIAL (VM_IO | VM_DONTEXPAND | VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP) /* This mask prevents VMA from being scanned with khugepaged */ #define VM_NO_KHUGEPAGED (VM_SPECIAL | VM_HUGETLB) /* This mask defines which mm->def_flags a process can inherit its parent */ #define VM_INIT_DEF_MASK VM_NOHUGEPAGE /* This mask is used to clear all the VMA flags used by mlock */ #define VM_LOCKED_CLEAR_MASK (~(VM_LOCKED | VM_LOCKONFAULT)) /* Arch-specific flags to clear when updating VM flags on protection change */ #ifndef VM_ARCH_CLEAR # define VM_ARCH_CLEAR VM_NONE #endif #define VM_FLAGS_CLEAR (ARCH_VM_PKEY_FLAGS | VM_ARCH_CLEAR) /* * mapping from the currently active vm_flags protection bits (the * low four bits) to a page protection mask.. */ extern pgprot_t protection_map[16]; /** * Fault flag definitions. * * @FAULT_FLAG_WRITE: Fault was a write fault. * @FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE: Fault was mkwrite of existing PTE. * @FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY: Allow to retry the fault if blocked. * @FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT: Don't drop mmap_lock and wait when retrying. * @FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE: The fault task is in SIGKILL killable region. * @FAULT_FLAG_TRIED: The fault has been tried once. * @FAULT_FLAG_USER: The fault originated in userspace. * @FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE: The fault is not for current task/mm. * @FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION: The fault was during an instruction fetch. * @FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE: The fault can be interrupted by non-fatal signals. * * About @FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY and @FAULT_FLAG_TRIED: we can specify * whether we would allow page faults to retry by specifying these two * fault flags correctly. Currently there can be three legal combinations: * * (a) ALLOW_RETRY and !TRIED: this means the page fault allows retry, and * this is the first try * * (b) ALLOW_RETRY and TRIED: this means the page fault allows retry, and * we've already tried at least once * * (c) !ALLOW_RETRY and !TRIED: this means the page fault does not allow retry * * The unlisted combination (!ALLOW_RETRY && TRIED) is illegal and should never * be used. Note that page faults can be allowed to retry for multiple times, * in which case we'll have an initial fault with flags (a) then later on * continuous faults with flags (b). We should always try to detect pending * signals before a retry to make sure the continuous page faults can still be * interrupted if necessary. */ #define FAULT_FLAG_WRITE 0x01 #define FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE 0x02 #define FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY 0x04 #define FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT 0x08 #define FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE 0x10 #define FAULT_FLAG_TRIED 0x20 #define FAULT_FLAG_USER 0x40 #define FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE 0x80 #define FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION 0x100 #define FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE 0x200 /* * The default fault flags that should be used by most of the * arch-specific page fault handlers. */ #define FAULT_FLAG_DEFAULT (FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY | \ FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE | \ FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE) /** * fault_flag_allow_retry_first - check ALLOW_RETRY the first time * * This is mostly used for places where we want to try to avoid taking * the mmap_lock for too long a time when waiting for another condition * to change, in which case we can try to be polite to release the * mmap_lock in the first round to avoid potential starvation of other * processes that would also want the mmap_lock. * * Return: true if the page fault allows retry and this is the first * attempt of the fault handling; false otherwise. */ static inline bool fault_flag_allow_retry_first(unsigned int flags) { return (flags & FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY) && (!(flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED)); } #define FAULT_FLAG_TRACE \ { FAULT_FLAG_WRITE, "WRITE" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE, "MKWRITE" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY, "ALLOW_RETRY" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT, "RETRY_NOWAIT" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE, "KILLABLE" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_TRIED, "TRIED" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_USER, "USER" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE, "REMOTE" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION, "INSTRUCTION" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE, "INTERRUPTIBLE" } /* * vm_fault is filled by the pagefault handler and passed to the vma's * ->fault function. The vma's ->fault is responsible for returning a bitmask * of VM_FAULT_xxx flags that give details about how the fault was handled. * * MM layer fills up gfp_mask for page allocations but fault handler might * alter it if its implementation requires a different allocation context. * * pgoff should be used in favour of virtual_address, if possible. */ struct vm_fault { struct vm_area_struct *vma; /* Target VMA */ unsigned int flags; /* FAULT_FLAG_xxx flags */ gfp_t gfp_mask; /* gfp mask to be used for allocations */ pgoff_t pgoff; /* Logical page offset based on vma */ unsigned long address; /* Faulting virtual address */ pmd_t *pmd; /* Pointer to pmd entry matching * the 'address' */ pud_t *pud; /* Pointer to pud entry matching * the 'address' */ pte_t orig_pte; /* Value of PTE at the time of fault */ struct page *cow_page; /* Page handler may use for COW fault */ struct page *page; /* ->fault handlers should return a * page here, unless VM_FAULT_NOPAGE * is set (which is also implied by * VM_FAULT_ERROR). */ /* These three entries are valid only while holding ptl lock */ pte_t *pte; /* Pointer to pte entry matching * the 'address'. NULL if the page * table hasn't been allocated. */ spinlock_t *ptl; /* Page table lock. * Protects pte page table if 'pte' * is not NULL, otherwise pmd. */ pgtable_t prealloc_pte; /* Pre-allocated pte page table. * vm_ops->map_pages() calls * alloc_set_pte() from atomic context. * do_fault_around() pre-allocates * page table to avoid allocation from * atomic context. */ }; /* page entry size for vm->huge_fault() */ enum page_entry_size { PE_SIZE_PTE = 0, PE_SIZE_PMD, PE_SIZE_PUD, }; /* * These are the virtual MM functions - opening of an area, closing and * unmapping it (needed to keep files on disk up-to-date etc), pointer * to the functions called when a no-page or a wp-page exception occurs. */ struct vm_operations_struct { void (*open)(struct vm_area_struct * area); void (*close)(struct vm_area_struct * area); int (*split)(struct vm_area_struct * area, unsigned long addr); int (*mremap)(struct vm_area_struct * area); vm_fault_t (*fault)(struct vm_fault *vmf); vm_fault_t (*huge_fault)(struct vm_fault *vmf, enum page_entry_size pe_size); void (*map_pages)(struct vm_fault *vmf, pgoff_t start_pgoff, pgoff_t end_pgoff); unsigned long (*pagesize)(struct vm_area_struct * area); /* notification that a previously read-only page is about to become * writable, if an error is returned it will cause a SIGBUS */ vm_fault_t (*page_mkwrite)(struct vm_fault *vmf); /* same as page_mkwrite when using VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP */ vm_fault_t (*pfn_mkwrite)(struct vm_fault *vmf); /* called by access_process_vm when get_user_pages() fails, typically * for use by special VMAs that can switch between memory and hardware */ int (*access)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, int write); /* Called by the /proc/PID/maps code to ask the vma whether it * has a special name. Returning non-NULL will also cause this * vma to be dumped unconditionally. */ const char *(*name)(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA /* * set_policy() op must add a reference to any non-NULL @new mempolicy * to hold the policy upon return. Caller should pass NULL @new to * remove a policy and fall back to surrounding context--i.e. do not * install a MPOL_DEFAULT policy, nor the task or system default * mempolicy. */ int (*set_policy)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mempolicy *new); /* * get_policy() op must add reference [mpol_get()] to any policy at * (vma,addr) marked as MPOL_SHARED. The shared policy infrastructure * in mm/mempolicy.c will do this automatically. * get_policy() must NOT add a ref if the policy at (vma,addr) is not * marked as MPOL_SHARED. vma policies are protected by the mmap_lock. * If no [shared/vma] mempolicy exists at the addr, get_policy() op * must return NULL--i.e., do not "fallback" to task or system default * policy. */ struct mempolicy *(*get_policy)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr); #endif /* * Called by vm_normal_page() for special PTEs to find the * page for @addr. This is useful if the default behavior * (using pte_page()) would not find the correct page. */ struct page *(*find_special_page)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr); }; static inline void vma_init(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mm_struct *mm) { static const struct vm_operations_struct dummy_vm_ops = {}; memset(vma, 0, sizeof(*vma)); vma->vm_mm = mm; vma->vm_ops = &dummy_vm_ops; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&vma->anon_vma_chain); } static inline void vma_set_anonymous(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { vma->vm_ops = NULL; } static inline bool vma_is_anonymous(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return !vma->vm_ops; } static inline bool vma_is_temporary_stack(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { int maybe_stack = vma->vm_flags & (VM_GROWSDOWN | VM_GROWSUP); if (!maybe_stack) return false; if ((vma->vm_flags & VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP) == VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP) return true; return false; } static inline bool vma_is_foreign(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (!current->mm) return true; if (current->mm != vma->vm_mm) return true; return false; } static inline bool vma_is_accessible(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return vma->vm_flags & VM_ACCESS_FLAGS; } #ifdef CONFIG_SHMEM /* * The vma_is_shmem is not inline because it is used only by slow * paths in userfault. */ bool vma_is_shmem(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #else static inline bool vma_is_shmem(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return false; } #endif int vma_is_stack_for_current(struct vm_area_struct *vma); /* flush_tlb_range() takes a vma, not a mm, and can care about flags */ #define TLB_FLUSH_VMA(mm,flags) { .vm_mm = (mm), .vm_flags = (flags) } struct mmu_gather; struct inode; #include <linux/huge_mm.h> /* * Methods to modify the page usage count. * * What counts for a page usage: * - cache mapping (page->mapping) * - private data (page->private) * - page mapped in a task's page tables, each mapping * is counted separately * * Also, many kernel routines increase the page count before a critical * routine so they can be sure the page doesn't go away from under them. */ /* * Drop a ref, return true if the refcount fell to zero (the page has no users) */ static inline int put_page_testzero(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_ref_count(page) == 0, page); return page_ref_dec_and_test(page); } /* * Try to grab a ref unless the page has a refcount of zero, return false if * that is the case. * This can be called when MMU is off so it must not access * any of the virtual mappings. */ static inline int get_page_unless_zero(struct page *page) { return page_ref_add_unless(page, 1, 0); } extern int page_is_ram(unsigned long pfn); enum { REGION_INTERSECTS, REGION_DISJOINT, REGION_MIXED, }; int region_intersects(resource_size_t offset, size_t size, unsigned long flags, unsigned long desc); /* Support for virtually mapped pages */ struct page *vmalloc_to_page(const void *addr); unsigned long vmalloc_to_pfn(const void *addr); /* * Determine if an address is within the vmalloc range * * On nommu, vmalloc/vfree wrap through kmalloc/kfree directly, so there * is no special casing required. */ #ifndef is_ioremap_addr #define is_ioremap_addr(x) is_vmalloc_addr(x) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern bool is_vmalloc_addr(const void *x); extern int is_vmalloc_or_module_addr(const void *x); #else static inline bool is_vmalloc_addr(const void *x) { return false; } static inline int is_vmalloc_or_module_addr(const void *x) { return 0; } #endif extern void *kvmalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node); static inline void *kvmalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return kvmalloc_node(size, flags, NUMA_NO_NODE); } static inline void *kvzalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node) { return kvmalloc_node(size, flags | __GFP_ZERO, node); } static inline void *kvzalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return kvmalloc(size, flags | __GFP_ZERO); } static inline void *kvmalloc_array(size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags) { size_t bytes; if (unlikely(check_mul_overflow(n, size, &bytes))) return NULL; return kvmalloc(bytes, flags); } static inline void *kvcalloc(size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return kvmalloc_array(n, size, flags | __GFP_ZERO); } extern void kvfree(const void *addr); extern void kvfree_sensitive(const void *addr, size_t len); static inline int head_compound_mapcount(struct page *head) { return atomic_read(compound_mapcount_ptr(head)) + 1; } /* * Mapcount of compound page as a whole, does not include mapped sub-pages. * * Must be called only for compound pages or any their tail sub-pages. */ static inline int compound_mapcount(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageCompound(page), page); page = compound_head(page); return head_compound_mapcount(page); } /* * The atomic page->_mapcount, starts from -1: so that transitions * both from it and to it can be tracked, using atomic_inc_and_test * and atomic_add_negative(-1). */ static inline void page_mapcount_reset(struct page *page) { atomic_set(&(page)->_mapcount, -1); } int __page_mapcount(struct page *page); /* * Mapcount of 0-order page; when compound sub-page, includes * compound_mapcount(). * * Result is undefined for pages which cannot be mapped into userspace. * For example SLAB or special types of pages. See function page_has_type(). * They use this place in struct page differently. */ static inline int page_mapcount(struct page *page) { if (unlikely(PageCompound(page))) return __page_mapcount(page); return atomic_read(&page->_mapcount) + 1; } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE int total_mapcount(struct page *page); int page_trans_huge_mapcount(struct page *page, int *total_mapcount); #else static inline int total_mapcount(struct page *page) { return page_mapcount(page); } static inline int page_trans_huge_mapcount(struct page *page, int *total_mapcount) { int mapcount = page_mapcount(page); if (total_mapcount) *total_mapcount = mapcount; return mapcount; } #endif static inline struct page *virt_to_head_page(const void *x) { struct page *page = virt_to_page(x); return compound_head(page); } void __put_page(struct page *page); void put_pages_list(struct list_head *pages); void split_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order); /* * Compound pages have a destructor function. Provide a * prototype for that function and accessor functions. * These are _only_ valid on the head of a compound page. */ typedef void compound_page_dtor(struct page *); /* Keep the enum in sync with compound_page_dtors array in mm/page_alloc.c */ enum compound_dtor_id { NULL_COMPOUND_DTOR, COMPOUND_PAGE_DTOR, #ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE HUGETLB_PAGE_DTOR, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE TRANSHUGE_PAGE_DTOR, #endif NR_COMPOUND_DTORS, }; extern compound_page_dtor * const compound_page_dtors[NR_COMPOUND_DTORS]; static inline void set_compound_page_dtor(struct page *page, enum compound_dtor_id compound_dtor) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(compound_dtor >= NR_COMPOUND_DTORS, page); page[1].compound_dtor = compound_dtor; } static inline void destroy_compound_page(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page[1].compound_dtor >= NR_COMPOUND_DTORS, page); compound_page_dtors[page[1].compound_dtor](page); } static inline unsigned int compound_order(struct page *page) { if (!PageHead(page)) return 0; return page[1].compound_order; } static inline bool hpage_pincount_available(struct page *page) { /* * Can the page->hpage_pinned_refcount field be used? That field is in * the 3rd page of the compound page, so the smallest (2-page) compound * pages cannot support it. */ page = compound_head(page); return PageCompound(page) && compound_order(page) > 1; } static inline int head_compound_pincount(struct page *head) { return atomic_read(compound_pincount_ptr(head)); } static inline int compound_pincount(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!hpage_pincount_available(page), page); page = compound_head(page); return head_compound_pincount(page); } static inline void set_compound_order(struct page *page, unsigned int order) { page[1].compound_order = order; page[1].compound_nr = 1U << order; } /* Returns the number of pages in this potentially compound page. */ static inline unsigned long compound_nr(struct page *page) { if (!PageHead(page)) return 1; return page[1].compound_nr; } /* Returns the number of bytes in this potentially compound page. */ static inline unsigned long page_size(struct page *page) { return PAGE_SIZE << compound_order(page); } /* Returns the number of bits needed for the number of bytes in a page */ static inline unsigned int page_shift(struct page *page) { return PAGE_SHIFT + compound_order(page); } void free_compound_page(struct page *page); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU /* * Do pte_mkwrite, but only if the vma says VM_WRITE. We do this when * servicing faults for write access. In the normal case, do always want * pte_mkwrite. But get_user_pages can cause write faults for mappings * that do not have writing enabled, when used by access_process_vm. */ static inline pte_t maybe_mkwrite(pte_t pte, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (likely(vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE)) pte = pte_mkwrite(pte); return pte; } vm_fault_t alloc_set_pte(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page); vm_fault_t finish_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf); vm_fault_t finish_mkwrite_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf); #endif /* * Multiple processes may "see" the same page. E.g. for untouched * mappings of /dev/null, all processes see the same page full of * zeroes, and text pages of executables and shared libraries have * only one copy in memory, at most, normally. * * For the non-reserved pages, page_count(page) denotes a reference count. * page_count() == 0 means the page is free. page->lru is then used for * freelist management in the buddy allocator. * page_count() > 0 means the page has been allocated. * * Pages are allocated by the slab allocator in order to provide memory * to kmalloc and kmem_cache_alloc. In this case, the management of the * page, and the fields in 'struct page' are the responsibility of mm/slab.c * unless a particular usage is carefully commented. (the responsibility of * freeing the kmalloc memory is the caller's, of course). * * A page may be used by anyone else who does a __get_free_page(). * In this case, page_count still tracks the references, and should only * be used through the normal accessor functions. The top bits of page->flags * and page->virtual store page management information, but all other fields * are unused and could be used privately, carefully. The management of this * page is the responsibility of the one who allocated it, and those who have * subsequently been given references to it. * * The other pages (we may call them "pagecache pages") are completely * managed by the Linux memory manager: I/O, buffers, swapping etc. * The following discussion applies only to them. * * A pagecache page contains an opaque `private' member, which belongs to the * page's address_space. Usually, this is the address of a circular list of * the page's disk buffers. PG_private must be set to tell the VM to call * into the filesystem to release these pages. * * A page may belong to an inode's memory mapping. In this case, page->mapping * is the pointer to the inode, and page->index is the file offset of the page, * in units of PAGE_SIZE. * * If pagecache pages are not associated with an inode, they are said to be * anonymous pages. These may become associated with the swapcache, and in that * case PG_swapcache is set, and page->private is an offset into the swapcache. * * In either case (swapcache or inode backed), the pagecache itself holds one * reference to the page. Setting PG_private should also increment the * refcount. The each user mapping also has a reference to the page. * * The pagecache pages are stored in a per-mapping radix tree, which is * rooted at mapping->i_pages, and indexed by offset. * Where 2.4 and early 2.6 kernels kept dirty/clean pages in per-address_space * lists, we instead now tag pages as dirty/writeback in the radix tree. * * All pagecache pages may be subject to I/O: * - inode pages may need to be read from disk, * - inode pages which have been modified and are MAP_SHARED may need * to be written back to the inode on disk, * - anonymous pages (including MAP_PRIVATE file mappings) which have been * modified may need to be swapped out to swap space and (later) to be read * back into memory. */ /* * The zone field is never updated after free_area_init_core() * sets it, so none of the operations on it need to be atomic. */ /* Page flags: | [SECTION] | [NODE] | ZONE | [LAST_CPUPID] | ... | FLAGS | */ #define SECTIONS_PGOFF ((sizeof(unsigned long)*8) - SECTIONS_WIDTH) #define NODES_PGOFF (SECTIONS_PGOFF - NODES_WIDTH) #define ZONES_PGOFF (NODES_PGOFF - ZONES_WIDTH) #define LAST_CPUPID_PGOFF (ZONES_PGOFF - LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH) #define KASAN_TAG_PGOFF (LAST_CPUPID_PGOFF - KASAN_TAG_WIDTH) /* * Define the bit shifts to access each section. For non-existent * sections we define the shift as 0; that plus a 0 mask ensures * the compiler will optimise away reference to them. */ #define SECTIONS_PGSHIFT (SECTIONS_PGOFF * (SECTIONS_WIDTH != 0)) #define NODES_PGSHIFT (NODES_PGOFF * (NODES_WIDTH != 0)) #define ZONES_PGSHIFT (ZONES_PGOFF * (ZONES_WIDTH != 0)) #define LAST_CPUPID_PGSHIFT (LAST_CPUPID_PGOFF * (LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH != 0)) #define KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT (KASAN_TAG_PGOFF * (KASAN_TAG_WIDTH != 0)) /* NODE:ZONE or SECTION:ZONE is used to ID a zone for the buddy allocator */ #ifdef NODE_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS #define ZONEID_SHIFT (SECTIONS_SHIFT + ZONES_SHIFT) #define ZONEID_PGOFF ((SECTIONS_PGOFF < ZONES_PGOFF)? \ SECTIONS_PGOFF : ZONES_PGOFF) #else #define ZONEID_SHIFT (NODES_SHIFT + ZONES_SHIFT) #define ZONEID_PGOFF ((NODES_PGOFF < ZONES_PGOFF)? \ NODES_PGOFF : ZONES_PGOFF) #endif #define ZONEID_PGSHIFT (ZONEID_PGOFF * (ZONEID_SHIFT != 0)) #define ZONES_MASK ((1UL << ZONES_WIDTH) - 1) #define NODES_MASK ((1UL << NODES_WIDTH) - 1) #define SECTIONS_MASK ((1UL << SECTIONS_WIDTH) - 1) #define LAST_CPUPID_MASK ((1UL << LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT) - 1) #define KASAN_TAG_MASK ((1UL << KASAN_TAG_WIDTH) - 1) #define ZONEID_MASK ((1UL << ZONEID_SHIFT) - 1) static inline enum zone_type page_zonenum(const struct page *page) { ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_BITS(page->flags, ZONES_MASK << ZONES_PGSHIFT); return (page->flags >> ZONES_PGSHIFT) & ZONES_MASK; } #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE static inline bool is_zone_device_page(const struct page *page) { return page_zonenum(page) == ZONE_DEVICE; } extern void memmap_init_zone_device(struct zone *, unsigned long, unsigned long, struct dev_pagemap *); #else static inline bool is_zone_device_page(const struct page *page) { return false; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS void free_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page); DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(devmap_managed_key); static inline bool page_is_devmap_managed(struct page *page) { if (!static_branch_unlikely(&devmap_managed_key)) return false; if (!is_zone_device_page(page)) return false; switch (page->pgmap->type) { case MEMORY_DEVICE_PRIVATE: case MEMORY_DEVICE_FS_DAX: return true; default: break; } return false; } void put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page); #else /* CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS */ static inline bool page_is_devmap_managed(struct page *page) { return false; } static inline void put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page) { } #endif /* CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS */ static inline bool is_device_private_page(const struct page *page) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS) && IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEVICE_PRIVATE) && is_zone_device_page(page) && page->pgmap->type == MEMORY_DEVICE_PRIVATE; } static inline bool is_pci_p2pdma_page(const struct page *page) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS) && IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PCI_P2PDMA) && is_zone_device_page(page) && page->pgmap->type == MEMORY_DEVICE_PCI_P2PDMA; } /* 127: arbitrary random number, small enough to assemble well */ #define page_ref_zero_or_close_to_overflow(page) \ ((unsigned int) page_ref_count(page) + 127u <= 127u) static inline void get_page(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); /* * Getting a normal page or the head of a compound page * requires to already have an elevated page->_refcount. */ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_ref_zero_or_close_to_overflow(page), page); page_ref_inc(page); } bool __must_check try_grab_page(struct page *page, unsigned int flags); static inline __must_check bool try_get_page(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(page_ref_count(page) <= 0)) return false; page_ref_inc(page); return true; } static inline void put_page(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); /* * For devmap managed pages we need to catch refcount transition from * 2 to 1, when refcount reach one it means the page is free and we * need to inform the device driver through callback. See * include/linux/memremap.h and HMM for details. */ if (page_is_devmap_managed(page)) { put_devmap_managed_page(page); return; } if (put_page_testzero(page)) __put_page(page); } /* * GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS, and the associated functions that use it, overload * the page's refcount so that two separate items are tracked: the original page * reference count, and also a new count of how many pin_user_pages() calls were * made against the page. ("gup-pinned" is another term for the latter). * * With this scheme, pin_user_pages() becomes special: such pages are marked as * distinct from normal pages. As such, the unpin_user_page() call (and its * variants) must be used in order to release gup-pinned pages. * * Choice of value: * * By making GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS a power of two, debugging of page reference * counts with respect to pin_user_pages() and unpin_user_page() becomes * simpler, due to the fact that adding an even power of two to the page * refcount has the effect of using only the upper N bits, for the code that * counts up using the bias value. This means that the lower bits are left for * the exclusive use of the original code that increments and decrements by one * (or at least, by much smaller values than the bias value). * * Of course, once the lower bits overflow into the upper bits (and this is * OK, because subtraction recovers the original values), then visual inspection * no longer suffices to directly view the separate counts. However, for normal * applications that don't have huge page reference counts, this won't be an * issue. * * Locking: the lockless algorithm described in page_cache_get_speculative() * and page_cache_gup_pin_speculative() provides safe operation for * get_user_pages and page_mkclean and other calls that race to set up page * table entries. */ #define GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS (1U << 10) void unpin_user_page(struct page *page); void unpin_user_pages_dirty_lock(struct page **pages, unsigned long npages, bool make_dirty); void unpin_user_pages(struct page **pages, unsigned long npages); /** * page_maybe_dma_pinned() - report if a page is pinned for DMA. * * This function checks if a page has been pinned via a call to * pin_user_pages*(). * * For non-huge pages, the return value is partially fuzzy: false is not fuzzy, * because it means "definitely not pinned for DMA", but true means "probably * pinned for DMA, but possibly a false positive due to having at least * GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS worth of normal page references". * * False positives are OK, because: a) it's unlikely for a page to get that many * refcounts, and b) all the callers of this routine are expected to be able to * deal gracefully with a false positive. * * For huge pages, the result will be exactly correct. That's because we have * more tracking data available: the 3rd struct page in the compound page is * used to track the pincount (instead using of the GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS * scheme). * * For more information, please see Documentation/core-api/pin_user_pages.rst. * * @page: pointer to page to be queried. * @Return: True, if it is likely that the page has been "dma-pinned". * False, if the page is definitely not dma-pinned. */ static inline bool page_maybe_dma_pinned(struct page *page) { if (hpage_pincount_available(page)) return compound_pincount(page) > 0; /* * page_ref_count() is signed. If that refcount overflows, then * page_ref_count() returns a negative value, and callers will avoid * further incrementing the refcount. * * Here, for that overflow case, use the signed bit to count a little * bit higher via unsigned math, and thus still get an accurate result. */ return ((unsigned int)page_ref_count(compound_head(page))) >= GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS; } #if defined(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM) && !defined(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP) #define SECTION_IN_PAGE_FLAGS #endif /* * The identification function is mainly used by the buddy allocator for * determining if two pages could be buddies. We are not really identifying * the zone since we could be using the section number id if we do not have * node id available in page flags. * We only guarantee that it will return the same value for two combinable * pages in a zone. */ static inline int page_zone_id(struct page *page) { return (page->flags >> ZONEID_PGSHIFT) & ZONEID_MASK; } #ifdef NODE_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS extern int page_to_nid(const struct page *page); #else static inline int page_to_nid(const struct page *page) { struct page *p = (struct page *)page; return (PF_POISONED_CHECK(p)->flags >> NODES_PGSHIFT) & NODES_MASK; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING static inline int cpu_pid_to_cpupid(int cpu, int pid) { return ((cpu & LAST__CPU_MASK) << LAST__PID_SHIFT) | (pid & LAST__PID_MASK); } static inline int cpupid_to_pid(int cpupid) { return cpupid & LAST__PID_MASK; } static inline int cpupid_to_cpu(int cpupid) { return (cpupid >> LAST__PID_SHIFT) & LAST__CPU_MASK; } static inline int cpupid_to_nid(int cpupid) { return cpu_to_node(cpupid_to_cpu(cpupid)); } static inline bool cpupid_pid_unset(int cpupid) { return cpupid_to_pid(cpupid) == (-1 & LAST__PID_MASK); } static inline bool cpupid_cpu_unset(int cpupid) { return cpupid_to_cpu(cpupid) == (-1 & LAST__CPU_MASK); } static inline bool __cpupid_match_pid(pid_t task_pid, int cpupid) { return (task_pid & LAST__PID_MASK) == cpupid_to_pid(cpupid); } #define cpupid_match_pid(task, cpupid) __cpupid_match_pid(task->pid, cpupid) #ifdef LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS static inline int page_cpupid_xchg_last(struct page *page, int cpupid) { return xchg(&page->_last_cpupid, cpupid & LAST_CPUPID_MASK); } static inline int page_cpupid_last(struct page *page) { return page->_last_cpupid; } static inline void page_cpupid_reset_last(struct page *page) { page->_last_cpupid = -1 & LAST_CPUPID_MASK; } #else static inline int page_cpupid_last(struct page *page) { return (page->flags >> LAST_CPUPID_PGSHIFT) & LAST_CPUPID_MASK; } extern int page_cpupid_xchg_last(struct page *page, int cpupid); static inline void page_cpupid_reset_last(struct page *page) { page->flags |= LAST_CPUPID_MASK << LAST_CPUPID_PGSHIFT; } #endif /* LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS */ #else /* !CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ static inline int page_cpupid_xchg_last(struct page *page, int cpupid) { return page_to_nid(page); /* XXX */ } static inline int page_cpupid_last(struct page *page) { return page_to_nid(page); /* XXX */ } static inline int cpupid_to_nid(int cpupid) { return -1; } static inline int cpupid_to_pid(int cpupid) { return -1; } static inline int cpupid_to_cpu(int cpupid) { return -1; } static inline int cpu_pid_to_cpupid(int nid, int pid) { return -1; } static inline bool cpupid_pid_unset(int cpupid) { return true; } static inline void page_cpupid_reset_last(struct page *page) { } static inline bool cpupid_match_pid(struct task_struct *task, int cpupid) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ #ifdef CONFIG_KASAN_SW_TAGS /* * KASAN per-page tags are stored xor'ed with 0xff. This allows to avoid * setting tags for all pages to native kernel tag value 0xff, as the default * value 0x00 maps to 0xff. */ static inline u8 page_kasan_tag(const struct page *page) { u8 tag; tag = (page->flags >> KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT) & KASAN_TAG_MASK; tag ^= 0xff; return tag; } static inline void page_kasan_tag_set(struct page *page, u8 tag) { tag ^= 0xff; page->flags &= ~(KASAN_TAG_MASK << KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT); page->flags |= (tag & KASAN_TAG_MASK) << KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT; } static inline void page_kasan_tag_reset(struct page *page) { page_kasan_tag_set(page, 0xff); } #else static inline u8 page_kasan_tag(const struct page *page) { return 0xff; } static inline void page_kasan_tag_set(struct page *page, u8 tag) { } static inline void page_kasan_tag_reset(struct page *page) { } #endif static inline struct zone *page_zone(const struct page *page) { return &NODE_DATA(page_to_nid(page))->node_zones[page_zonenum(page)]; } static inline pg_data_t *page_pgdat(const struct page *page) { return NODE_DATA(page_to_nid(page)); } #ifdef SECTION_IN_PAGE_FLAGS static inline void set_page_section(struct page *page, unsigned long section) { page->flags &= ~(SECTIONS_MASK << SECTIONS_PGSHIFT); page->flags |= (section & SECTIONS_MASK) << SECTIONS_PGSHIFT; } static inline unsigned long page_to_section(const struct page *page) { return (page->flags >> SECTIONS_PGSHIFT) & SECTIONS_MASK; } #endif static inline void set_page_zone(struct page *page, enum zone_type zone) { page->flags &= ~(ZONES_MASK << ZONES_PGSHIFT); page->flags |= (zone & ZONES_MASK) << ZONES_PGSHIFT; } static inline void set_page_node(struct page *page, unsigned long node) { page->flags &= ~(NODES_MASK << NODES_PGSHIFT); page->flags |= (node & NODES_MASK) << NODES_PGSHIFT; } static inline void set_page_links(struct page *page, enum zone_type zone, unsigned long node, unsigned long pfn) { set_page_zone(page, zone); set_page_node(page, node); #ifdef SECTION_IN_PAGE_FLAGS set_page_section(page, pfn_to_section_nr(pfn)); #endif } #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG static inline struct mem_cgroup *page_memcg(struct page *page) { return page->mem_cgroup; } static inline struct mem_cgroup *page_memcg_rcu(struct page *page) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_read_lock_held()); return READ_ONCE(page->mem_cgroup); } #else static inline struct mem_cgroup *page_memcg(struct page *page) { return NULL; } static inline struct mem_cgroup *page_memcg_rcu(struct page *page) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_read_lock_held()); return NULL; } #endif /* * Some inline functions in vmstat.h depend on page_zone() */ #include <linux/vmstat.h> static __always_inline void *lowmem_page_address(const struct page *page) { return page_to_virt(page); } #if defined(CONFIG_HIGHMEM) && !defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL) #define HASHED_PAGE_VIRTUAL #endif #if defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL) static inline void *page_address(const struct page *page) { return page->virtual; } static inline void set_page_address(struct page *page, void *address) { page->virtual = address; } #define page_address_init() do { } while(0) #endif #if defined(HASHED_PAGE_VIRTUAL) void *page_address(const struct page *page); void set_page_address(struct page *page, void *virtual); void page_address_init(void); #endif #if !defined(HASHED_PAGE_VIRTUAL) && !defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL) #define page_address(page) lowmem_page_address(page) #define set_page_address(page, address) do { } while(0) #define page_address_init() do { } while(0) #endif extern void *page_rmapping(struct page *page); extern struct anon_vma *page_anon_vma(struct page *page); extern struct address_space *page_mapping(struct page *page); extern struct address_space *__page_file_mapping(struct page *); static inline struct address_space *page_file_mapping(struct page *page) { if (unlikely(PageSwapCache(page))) return __page_file_mapping(page); return page->mapping; } extern pgoff_t __page_file_index(struct page *page); /* * Return the pagecache index of the passed page. Regular pagecache pages * use ->index whereas swapcache pages use swp_offset(->private) */ static inline pgoff_t page_index(struct page *page) { if (unlikely(PageSwapCache(page))) return __page_file_index(page); return page->index; } bool page_mapped(struct page *page); struct address_space *page_mapping(struct page *page); struct address_space *page_mapping_file(struct page *page); /* * Return true only if the page has been allocated with * ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS and the low watermark was not * met implying that the system is under some pressure. */ static inline bool page_is_pfmemalloc(struct page *page) { /* * Page index cannot be this large so this must be * a pfmemalloc page. */ return page->index == -1UL; } /* * Only to be called by the page allocator on a freshly allocated * page. */ static inline void set_page_pfmemalloc(struct page *page) { page->index = -1UL; } static inline void clear_page_pfmemalloc(struct page *page) { page->index = 0; } /* * Can be called by the pagefault handler when it gets a VM_FAULT_OOM. */ extern void pagefault_out_of_memory(void); #define offset_in_page(p) ((unsigned long)(p) & ~PAGE_MASK) #define offset_in_thp(page, p) ((unsigned long)(p) & (thp_size(page) - 1)) /* * Flags passed to show_mem() and show_free_areas() to suppress output in * various contexts. */ #define SHOW_MEM_FILTER_NODES (0x0001u) /* disallowed nodes */ extern void show_free_areas(unsigned int flags, nodemask_t *nodemask); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern bool can_do_mlock(void); #else static inline bool can_do_mlock(void) { return false; } #endif extern int user_shm_lock(size_t, struct user_struct *); extern void user_shm_unlock(size_t, struct user_struct *); /* * Parameter block passed down to zap_pte_range in exceptional cases. */ struct zap_details { struct address_space *check_mapping; /* Check page->mapping if set */ pgoff_t first_index; /* Lowest page->index to unmap */ pgoff_t last_index; /* Highest page->index to unmap */ struct page *single_page; /* Locked page to be unmapped */ }; struct page *vm_normal_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte); struct page *vm_normal_page_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t pmd); void zap_vma_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size); void zap_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size); void unmap_vmas(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *start_vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); struct mmu_notifier_range; void free_pgd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling); int copy_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma); int follow_invalidate_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, struct mmu_notifier_range *range, pte_t **ptepp, pmd_t **pmdpp, spinlock_t **ptlp); int follow_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t **ptepp, spinlock_t **ptlp); int follow_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long *pfn); int follow_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, unsigned long *prot, resource_size_t *phys); int generic_access_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, int write); extern void truncate_pagecache(struct inode *inode, loff_t new); extern void truncate_setsize(struct inode *inode, loff_t newsize); void pagecache_isize_extended(struct inode *inode, loff_t from, loff_t to); void truncate_pagecache_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t end); int truncate_inode_page(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page); int generic_error_remove_page(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page); int invalidate_inode_page(struct page *page); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern vm_fault_t handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, struct pt_regs *regs); extern int fixup_user_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned int fault_flags, bool *unlocked); void unmap_mapping_page(struct page *page); void unmap_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t nr, bool even_cows); void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen, int even_cows); #else static inline vm_fault_t handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, struct pt_regs *regs) { /* should never happen if there's no MMU */ BUG(); return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } static inline int fixup_user_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned int fault_flags, bool *unlocked) { /* should never happen if there's no MMU */ BUG(); return -EFAULT; } static inline void unmap_mapping_page(struct page *page) { } static inline void unmap_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t nr, bool even_cows) { } static inline void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen, int even_cows) { } #endif static inline void unmap_shared_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen) { unmap_mapping_range(mapping, holebegin, holelen, 0); } extern int access_process_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags); extern int access_remote_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags); extern int __access_remote_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags); long get_user_pages_remote(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas, int *locked); long pin_user_pages_remote(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas, int *locked); long get_user_pages(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas); long pin_user_pages(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas); long get_user_pages_locked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, int *locked); long pin_user_pages_locked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, int *locked); long get_user_pages_unlocked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, struct page **pages, unsigned int gup_flags); long pin_user_pages_unlocked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, struct page **pages, unsigned int gup_flags); int get_user_pages_fast(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages); int pin_user_pages_fast(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages); int account_locked_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pages, bool inc); int __account_locked_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pages, bool inc, struct task_struct *task, bool bypass_rlim); /* Container for pinned pfns / pages */ struct frame_vector { unsigned int nr_allocated; /* Number of frames we have space for */ unsigned int nr_frames; /* Number of frames stored in ptrs array */ bool got_ref; /* Did we pin pages by getting page ref? */ bool is_pfns; /* Does array contain pages or pfns? */ void *ptrs[]; /* Array of pinned pfns / pages. Use * pfns_vector_pages() or pfns_vector_pfns() * for access */ }; struct frame_vector *frame_vector_create(unsigned int nr_frames); void frame_vector_destroy(struct frame_vector *vec); int get_vaddr_frames(unsigned long start, unsigned int nr_pfns, unsigned int gup_flags, struct frame_vector *vec); void put_vaddr_frames(struct frame_vector *vec); int frame_vector_to_pages(struct frame_vector *vec); void frame_vector_to_pfns(struct frame_vector *vec); static inline unsigned int frame_vector_count(struct frame_vector *vec) { return vec->nr_frames; } static inline struct page **frame_vector_pages(struct frame_vector *vec) { if (vec->is_pfns) { int err = frame_vector_to_pages(vec); if (err) return ERR_PTR(err); } return (struct page **)(vec->ptrs); } static inline unsigned long *frame_vector_pfns(struct frame_vector *vec) { if (!vec->is_pfns) frame_vector_to_pfns(vec); return (unsigned long *)(vec->ptrs); } struct kvec; int get_kernel_pages(const struct kvec *iov, int nr_pages, int write, struct page **pages); int get_kernel_page(unsigned long start, int write, struct page **pages); struct page *get_dump_page(unsigned long addr); extern int try_to_release_page(struct page * page, gfp_t gfp_mask); extern void do_invalidatepage(struct page *page, unsigned int offset, unsigned int length); void __set_page_dirty(struct page *, struct address_space *, int warn); int __set_page_dirty_nobuffers(struct page *page); int __set_page_dirty_no_writeback(struct page *page); int redirty_page_for_writepage(struct writeback_control *wbc, struct page *page); void account_page_dirtied(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping); void account_page_cleaned(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping, struct bdi_writeback *wb); int set_page_dirty(struct page *page); int set_page_dirty_lock(struct page *page); void __cancel_dirty_page(struct page *page); static inline void cancel_dirty_page(struct page *page) { /* Avoid atomic ops, locking, etc. when not actually needed. */ if (PageDirty(page)) __cancel_dirty_page(page); } int clear_page_dirty_for_io(struct page *page); int get_cmdline(struct task_struct *task, char *buffer, int buflen); extern unsigned long move_page_tables(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long old_addr, struct vm_area_struct *new_vma, unsigned long new_addr, unsigned long len, bool need_rmap_locks); /* * Flags used by change_protection(). For now we make it a bitmap so * that we can pass in multiple flags just like parameters. However * for now all the callers are only use one of the flags at the same * time. */ /* Whether we should allow dirty bit accounting */ #define MM_CP_DIRTY_ACCT (1UL << 0) /* Whether this protection change is for NUMA hints */ #define MM_CP_PROT_NUMA (1UL << 1) /* Whether this change is for write protecting */ #define MM_CP_UFFD_WP (1UL << 2) /* do wp */ #define MM_CP_UFFD_WP_RESOLVE (1UL << 3) /* Resolve wp */ #define MM_CP_UFFD_WP_ALL (MM_CP_UFFD_WP | \ MM_CP_UFFD_WP_RESOLVE) extern unsigned long change_protection(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, pgprot_t newprot, unsigned long cp_flags); extern int mprotect_fixup(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct **pprev, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, unsigned long newflags); /* * doesn't attempt to fault and will return short. */ int get_user_pages_fast_only(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages); int pin_user_pages_fast_only(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages); static inline bool get_user_page_fast_only(unsigned long addr, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pagep) { return get_user_pages_fast_only(addr, 1, gup_flags, pagep) == 1; } /* * per-process(per-mm_struct) statistics. */ static inline unsigned long get_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member) { long val = atomic_long_read(&mm->rss_stat.count[member]); #ifdef SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING /* * counter is updated in asynchronous manner and may go to minus. * But it's never be expected number for users. */ if (val < 0) val = 0; #endif return (unsigned long)val; } void mm_trace_rss_stat(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long count); static inline void add_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long value) { long count = atomic_long_add_return(value, &mm->rss_stat.count[member]); mm_trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } static inline void inc_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member) { long count = atomic_long_inc_return(&mm->rss_stat.count[member]); mm_trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } static inline void dec_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member) { long count = atomic_long_dec_return(&mm->rss_stat.count[member]); mm_trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } /* Optimized variant when page is already known not to be PageAnon */ static inline int mm_counter_file(struct page *page) { if (PageSwapBacked(page)) return MM_SHMEMPAGES; return MM_FILEPAGES; } static inline int mm_counter(struct page *page) { if (PageAnon(page)) return MM_ANONPAGES; return mm_counter_file(page); } static inline unsigned long get_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { return get_mm_counter(mm, MM_FILEPAGES) + get_mm_counter(mm, MM_ANONPAGES) + get_mm_counter(mm, MM_SHMEMPAGES); } static inline unsigned long get_mm_hiwater_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { return max(mm->hiwater_rss, get_mm_rss(mm)); } static inline unsigned long get_mm_hiwater_vm(struct mm_struct *mm) { return max(mm->hiwater_vm, mm->total_vm); } static inline void update_hiwater_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { unsigned long _rss = get_mm_rss(mm); if ((mm)->hiwater_rss < _rss) (mm)->hiwater_rss = _rss; } static inline void update_hiwater_vm(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm->hiwater_vm < mm->total_vm) mm->hiwater_vm = mm->total_vm; } static inline void reset_mm_hiwater_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { mm->hiwater_rss = get_mm_rss(mm); } static inline void setmax_mm_hiwater_rss(unsigned long *maxrss, struct mm_struct *mm) { unsigned long hiwater_rss = get_mm_hiwater_rss(mm); if (*maxrss < hiwater_rss) *maxrss = hiwater_rss; } #if defined(SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING) void sync_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm); #else static inline void sync_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { } #endif #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL static inline int pte_special(pte_t pte) { return 0; } static inline pte_t pte_mkspecial(pte_t pte) { return pte; } #endif #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_DEVMAP static inline int pte_devmap(pte_t pte) { return 0; } #endif int vma_wants_writenotify(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgprot_t vm_page_prot); extern pte_t *__get_locked_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, spinlock_t **ptl); static inline pte_t *get_locked_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, spinlock_t **ptl) { pte_t *ptep; __cond_lock(*ptl, ptep = __get_locked_pte(mm, addr, ptl)); return ptep; } #ifdef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED static inline int __p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { return 0; } #else int __p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address); #endif #if defined(__PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED) || !defined(CONFIG_MMU) static inline int __pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address) { return 0; } static inline void mm_inc_nr_puds(struct mm_struct *mm) {} static inline void mm_dec_nr_puds(struct mm_struct *mm) {} #else int __pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address); static inline void mm_inc_nr_puds(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm_pud_folded(mm)) return; atomic_long_add(PTRS_PER_PUD * sizeof(pud_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } static inline void mm_dec_nr_puds(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm_pud_folded(mm)) return; atomic_long_sub(PTRS_PER_PUD * sizeof(pud_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } #endif #if defined(__PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED) || !defined(CONFIG_MMU) static inline int __pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address) { return 0; } static inline void mm_inc_nr_pmds(struct mm_struct *mm) {} static inline void mm_dec_nr_pmds(struct mm_struct *mm) {} #else int __pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address); static inline void mm_inc_nr_pmds(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm_pmd_folded(mm)) return; atomic_long_add(PTRS_PER_PMD * sizeof(pmd_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } static inline void mm_dec_nr_pmds(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm_pmd_folded(mm)) return; atomic_long_sub(PTRS_PER_PMD * sizeof(pmd_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MMU static inline void mm_pgtables_bytes_init(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_long_set(&mm->pgtables_bytes, 0); } static inline unsigned long mm_pgtables_bytes(const struct mm_struct *mm) { return atomic_long_read(&mm->pgtables_bytes); } static inline void mm_inc_nr_ptes(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_long_add(PTRS_PER_PTE * sizeof(pte_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } static inline void mm_dec_nr_ptes(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_long_sub(PTRS_PER_PTE * sizeof(pte_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } #else static inline void mm_pgtables_bytes_init(struct mm_struct *mm) {} static inline unsigned long mm_pgtables_bytes(const struct mm_struct *mm) { return 0; } static inline void mm_inc_nr_ptes(struct mm_struct *mm) {} static inline void mm_dec_nr_ptes(struct mm_struct *mm) {} #endif int __pte_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd); int __pte_alloc_kernel(pmd_t *pmd); #if defined(CONFIG_MMU) static inline p4d_t *p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { return (unlikely(pgd_none(*pgd)) && __p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, address)) ? NULL : p4d_offset(pgd, address); } static inline pud_t *pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address) { return (unlikely(p4d_none(*p4d)) && __pud_alloc(mm, p4d, address)) ? NULL : pud_offset(p4d, address); } static inline pmd_t *pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address) { return (unlikely(pud_none(*pud)) && __pmd_alloc(mm, pud, address))? NULL: pmd_offset(pud, address); } #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ #if USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS #if ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS void __init ptlock_cache_init(void); extern bool ptlock_alloc(struct page *page); extern void ptlock_free(struct page *page); static inline spinlock_t *ptlock_ptr(struct page *page) { return page->ptl; } #else /* ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS */ static inline void ptlock_cache_init(void) { } static inline bool ptlock_alloc(struct page *page) { return true; } static inline void ptlock_free(struct page *page) { } static inline spinlock_t *ptlock_ptr(struct page *page) { return &page->ptl; } #endif /* ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS */ static inline spinlock_t *pte_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { return ptlock_ptr(pmd_page(*pmd)); } static inline bool ptlock_init(struct page *page) { /* * prep_new_page() initialize page->private (and therefore page->ptl) * with 0. Make sure nobody took it in use in between. * * It can happen if arch try to use slab for page table allocation: * slab code uses page->slab_cache, which share storage with page->ptl. */ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(*(unsigned long *)&page->ptl, page); if (!ptlock_alloc(page)) return false; spin_lock_init(ptlock_ptr(page)); return true; } #else /* !USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS */ /* * We use mm->page_table_lock to guard all pagetable pages of the mm. */ static inline spinlock_t *pte_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { return &mm->page_table_lock; } static inline void ptlock_cache_init(void) {} static inline bool ptlock_init(struct page *page) { return true; } static inline void ptlock_free(struct page *page) {} #endif /* USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS */ static inline void pgtable_init(void) { ptlock_cache_init(); pgtable_cache_init(); } static inline bool pgtable_pte_page_ctor(struct page *page) { if (!ptlock_init(page)) return false; __SetPageTable(page); inc_zone_page_state(page, NR_PAGETABLE); return true; } static inline void pgtable_pte_page_dtor(struct page *page) { ptlock_free(page); __ClearPageTable(page); dec_zone_page_state(page, NR_PAGETABLE); } #define pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp) \ ({ \ spinlock_t *__ptl = pte_lockptr(mm, pmd); \ pte_t *__pte = pte_offset_map(pmd, address); \ *(ptlp) = __ptl; \ spin_lock(__ptl); \ __pte; \ }) #define pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl) do { \ spin_unlock(ptl); \ pte_unmap(pte); \ } while (0) #define pte_alloc(mm, pmd) (unlikely(pmd_none(*(pmd))) && __pte_alloc(mm, pmd)) #define pte_alloc_map(mm, pmd, address) \ (pte_alloc(mm, pmd) ? NULL : pte_offset_map(pmd, address)) #define pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp) \ (pte_alloc(mm, pmd) ? \ NULL : pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp)) #define pte_alloc_kernel(pmd, address) \ ((unlikely(pmd_none(*(pmd))) && __pte_alloc_kernel(pmd))? \ NULL: pte_offset_kernel(pmd, address)) #if USE_SPLIT_PMD_PTLOCKS static struct page *pmd_to_page(pmd_t *pmd) { unsigned long mask = ~(PTRS_PER_PMD * sizeof(pmd_t) - 1); return virt_to_page((void *)((unsigned long) pmd & mask)); } static inline spinlock_t *pmd_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { return ptlock_ptr(pmd_to_page(pmd)); } static inline bool pmd_ptlock_init(struct page *page) { #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE page->pmd_huge_pte = NULL; #endif return ptlock_init(page); } static inline void pmd_ptlock_free(struct page *page) { #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page->pmd_huge_pte, page); #endif ptlock_free(page); } #define pmd_huge_pte(mm, pmd) (pmd_to_page(pmd)->pmd_huge_pte) #else static inline spinlock_t *pmd_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { return &mm->page_table_lock; } static inline bool pmd_ptlock_init(struct page *page) { return true; } static inline void pmd_ptlock_free(struct page *page) {} #define pmd_huge_pte(mm, pmd) ((mm)->pmd_huge_pte) #endif static inline spinlock_t *pmd_lock(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { spinlock_t *ptl = pmd_lockptr(mm, pmd); spin_lock(ptl); return ptl; } static inline bool pgtable_pmd_page_ctor(struct page *page) { if (!pmd_ptlock_init(page)) return false; __SetPageTable(page); inc_zone_page_state(page, NR_PAGETABLE); return true; } static inline void pgtable_pmd_page_dtor(struct page *page) { pmd_ptlock_free(page); __ClearPageTable(page); dec_zone_page_state(page, NR_PAGETABLE); } /* * No scalability reason to split PUD locks yet, but follow the same pattern * as the PMD locks to make it easier if we decide to. The VM should not be * considered ready to switch to split PUD locks yet; there may be places * which need to be converted from page_table_lock. */ static inline spinlock_t *pud_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud) { return &mm->page_table_lock; } static inline spinlock_t *pud_lock(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud) { spinlock_t *ptl = pud_lockptr(mm, pud); spin_lock(ptl); return ptl; } extern void __init pagecache_init(void); extern void __init free_area_init_memoryless_node(int nid); extern void free_initmem(void); /* * Free reserved pages within range [PAGE_ALIGN(start), end & PAGE_MASK) * into the buddy system. The freed pages will be poisoned with pattern * "poison" if it's within range [0, UCHAR_MAX]. * Return pages freed into the buddy system. */ extern unsigned long free_reserved_area(void *start, void *end, int poison, const char *s); #ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM /* * Free a highmem page into the buddy system, adjusting totalhigh_pages * and totalram_pages. */ extern void free_highmem_page(struct page *page); #endif extern void adjust_managed_page_count(struct page *page, long count); extern void mem_init_print_info(const char *str); extern void reserve_bootmem_region(phys_addr_t start, phys_addr_t end); /* Free the reserved page into the buddy system, so it gets managed. */ static inline void __free_reserved_page(struct page *page) { ClearPageReserved(page); init_page_count(page); __free_page(page); } static inline void free_reserved_page(struct page *page) { __free_reserved_page(page); adjust_managed_page_count(page, 1); } static inline void mark_page_reserved(struct page *page) { SetPageReserved(page); adjust_managed_page_count(page, -1); } /* * Default method to free all the __init memory into the buddy system. * The freed pages will be poisoned with pattern "poison" if it's within * range [0, UCHAR_MAX]. * Return pages freed into the buddy system. */ static inline unsigned long free_initmem_default(int poison) { extern char __init_begin[], __init_end[]; return free_reserved_area(&__init_begin, &__init_end, poison, "unused kernel"); } static inline unsigned long get_num_physpages(void) { int nid; unsigned long phys_pages = 0; for_each_online_node(nid) phys_pages += node_present_pages(nid); return phys_pages; } /* * Using memblock node mappings, an architecture may initialise its * zones, allocate the backing mem_map and account for memory holes in an * architecture independent manner. * * An architecture is expected to register range of page frames backed by * physical memory with memblock_add[_node]() before calling * free_area_init() passing in the PFN each zone ends at. At a basic * usage, an architecture is expected to do something like * * unsigned long max_zone_pfns[MAX_NR_ZONES] = {max_dma, max_normal_pfn, * max_highmem_pfn}; * for_each_valid_physical_page_range() * memblock_add_node(base, size, nid) * free_area_init(max_zone_pfns); */ void free_area_init(unsigned long *max_zone_pfn); unsigned long node_map_pfn_alignment(void); unsigned long __absent_pages_in_range(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn); extern unsigned long absent_pages_in_range(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn); extern void get_pfn_range_for_nid(unsigned int nid, unsigned long *start_pfn, unsigned long *end_pfn); extern unsigned long find_min_pfn_with_active_regions(void); #ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES static inline int early_pfn_to_nid(unsigned long pfn) { return 0; } #else /* please see mm/page_alloc.c */ extern int __meminit early_pfn_to_nid(unsigned long pfn); /* there is a per-arch backend function. */ extern int __meminit __early_pfn_to_nid(unsigned long pfn, struct mminit_pfnnid_cache *state); #endif extern void set_dma_reserve(unsigned long new_dma_reserve); extern void memmap_init_zone(unsigned long, int, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, enum meminit_context, struct vmem_altmap *, int migratetype); extern void setup_per_zone_wmarks(void); extern int __meminit init_per_zone_wmark_min(void); extern void mem_init(void); extern void __init mmap_init(void); extern void show_mem(unsigned int flags, nodemask_t *nodemask); extern long si_mem_available(void); extern void si_meminfo(struct sysinfo * val); extern void si_meminfo_node(struct sysinfo *val, int nid); #ifdef __HAVE_ARCH_RESERVED_KERNEL_PAGES extern unsigned long arch_reserved_kernel_pages(void); #endif extern __printf(3, 4) void warn_alloc(gfp_t gfp_mask, nodemask_t *nodemask, const char *fmt, ...); extern void setup_per_cpu_pageset(void); /* page_alloc.c */ extern int min_free_kbytes; extern int watermark_boost_factor; extern int watermark_scale_factor; extern bool arch_has_descending_max_zone_pfns(void); /* nommu.c */ extern atomic_long_t mmap_pages_allocated; extern int nommu_shrink_inode_mappings(struct inode *, size_t, size_t); /* interval_tree.c */ void vma_interval_tree_insert(struct vm_area_struct *node, struct rb_root_cached *root); void vma_interval_tree_insert_after(struct vm_area_struct *node, struct vm_area_struct *prev, struct rb_root_cached *root); void vma_interval_tree_remove(struct vm_area_struct *node, struct rb_root_cached *root); struct vm_area_struct *vma_interval_tree_iter_first(struct rb_root_cached *root, unsigned long start, unsigned long last); struct vm_area_struct *vma_interval_tree_iter_next(struct vm_area_struct *node, unsigned long start, unsigned long last); #define vma_interval_tree_foreach(vma, root, start, last) \ for (vma = vma_interval_tree_iter_first(root, start, last); \ vma; vma = vma_interval_tree_iter_next(vma, start, last)) void anon_vma_interval_tree_insert(struct anon_vma_chain *node, struct rb_root_cached *root); void anon_vma_interval_tree_remove(struct anon_vma_chain *node, struct rb_root_cached *root); struct anon_vma_chain * anon_vma_interval_tree_iter_first(struct rb_root_cached *root, unsigned long start, unsigned long last); struct anon_vma_chain *anon_vma_interval_tree_iter_next( struct anon_vma_chain *node, unsigned long start, unsigned long last); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_RB void anon_vma_interval_tree_verify(struct anon_vma_chain *node); #endif #define anon_vma_interval_tree_foreach(avc, root, start, last) \ for (avc = anon_vma_interval_tree_iter_first(root, start, last); \ avc; avc = anon_vma_interval_tree_iter_next(avc, start, last)) /* mmap.c */ extern int __vm_enough_memory(struct mm_struct *mm, long pages, int cap_sys_admin); extern int __vma_adjust(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, pgoff_t pgoff, struct vm_area_struct *insert, struct vm_area_struct *expand); static inline int vma_adjust(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, pgoff_t pgoff, struct vm_area_struct *insert) { return __vma_adjust(vma, start, end, pgoff, insert, NULL); } extern struct vm_area_struct *vma_merge(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *prev, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long vm_flags, struct anon_vma *, struct file *, pgoff_t, struct mempolicy *, struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx); extern struct anon_vma *find_mergeable_anon_vma(struct vm_area_struct *); extern int __split_vma(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long addr, int new_below); extern int split_vma(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long addr, int new_below); extern int insert_vm_struct(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *); extern void __vma_link_rb(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *, struct rb_node **, struct rb_node *); extern void unlink_file_vma(struct vm_area_struct *); extern struct vm_area_struct *copy_vma(struct vm_area_struct **, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, pgoff_t pgoff, bool *need_rmap_locks); extern void exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *); static inline int check_data_rlimit(unsigned long rlim, unsigned long new, unsigned long start, unsigned long end_data, unsigned long start_data) { if (rlim < RLIM_INFINITY) { if (((new - start) + (end_data - start_data)) > rlim) return -ENOSPC; } return 0; } extern int mm_take_all_locks(struct mm_struct *mm); extern void mm_drop_all_locks(struct mm_struct *mm); extern void set_mm_exe_file(struct mm_struct *mm, struct file *new_exe_file); extern struct file *get_mm_exe_file(struct mm_struct *mm); extern struct file *get_task_exe_file(struct task_struct *task); extern bool may_expand_vm(struct mm_struct *, vm_flags_t, unsigned long npages); extern void vm_stat_account(struct mm_struct *, vm_flags_t, long npages); extern bool vma_is_special_mapping(const struct vm_area_struct *vma, const struct vm_special_mapping *sm); extern struct vm_area_struct *_install_special_mapping(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long flags, const struct vm_special_mapping *spec); /* This is an obsolete alternative to _install_special_mapping. */ extern int install_special_mapping(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long flags, struct page **pages); unsigned long randomize_stack_top(unsigned long stack_top); extern unsigned long get_unmapped_area(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern unsigned long mmap_region(struct file *file, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, vm_flags_t vm_flags, unsigned long pgoff, struct list_head *uf); extern unsigned long do_mmap(struct file *file, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long prot, unsigned long flags, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long *populate, struct list_head *uf); extern int __do_munmap(struct mm_struct *, unsigned long, size_t, struct list_head *uf, bool downgrade); extern int do_munmap(struct mm_struct *, unsigned long, size_t, struct list_head *uf); extern int do_madvise(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, size_t len_in, int behavior); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern int __mm_populate(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, int ignore_errors); static inline void mm_populate(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len) { /* Ignore errors */ (void) __mm_populate(addr, len, 1); } #else static inline void mm_populate(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len) {} #endif /* These take the mm semaphore themselves */ extern int __must_check vm_brk(unsigned long, unsigned long); extern int __must_check vm_brk_flags(unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern int vm_munmap(unsigned long, size_t); extern unsigned long __must_check vm_mmap(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); struct vm_unmapped_area_info { #define VM_UNMAPPED_AREA_TOPDOWN 1 unsigned long flags; unsigned long length; unsigned long low_limit; unsigned long high_limit; unsigned long align_mask; unsigned long align_offset; }; extern unsigned long vm_unmapped_area(struct vm_unmapped_area_info *info); /* truncate.c */ extern void truncate_inode_pages(struct address_space *, loff_t); extern void truncate_inode_pages_range(struct address_space *, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); extern void truncate_inode_pages_final(struct address_space *); /* generic vm_area_ops exported for stackable file systems */ extern vm_fault_t filemap_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf); extern void filemap_map_pages(struct vm_fault *vmf, pgoff_t start_pgoff, pgoff_t end_pgoff); extern vm_fault_t filemap_page_mkwrite(struct vm_fault *vmf); /* mm/page-writeback.c */ int __must_check write_one_page(struct page *page); void task_dirty_inc(struct task_struct *tsk); extern unsigned long stack_guard_gap; /* Generic expand stack which grows the stack according to GROWS{UP,DOWN} */ extern int expand_stack(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address); /* CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP still needs to grow downwards at some places */ extern int expand_downwards(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address); #if VM_GROWSUP extern int expand_upwards(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address); #else #define expand_upwards(vma, address) (0) #endif /* Look up the first VMA which satisfies addr < vm_end, NULL if none. */ extern struct vm_area_struct * find_vma(struct mm_struct * mm, unsigned long addr); extern struct vm_area_struct * find_vma_prev(struct mm_struct * mm, unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct **pprev); /* Look up the first VMA which intersects the interval start_addr..end_addr-1, NULL if none. Assume start_addr < end_addr. */ static inline struct vm_area_struct * find_vma_intersection(struct mm_struct * mm, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr) { struct vm_area_struct * vma = find_vma(mm,start_addr); if (vma && end_addr <= vma->vm_start) vma = NULL; return vma; } static inline unsigned long vm_start_gap(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { unsigned long vm_start = vma->vm_start; if (vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSDOWN) { vm_start -= stack_guard_gap; if (vm_start > vma->vm_start) vm_start = 0; } return vm_start; } static inline unsigned long vm_end_gap(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { unsigned long vm_end = vma->vm_end; if (vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSUP) { vm_end += stack_guard_gap; if (vm_end < vma->vm_end) vm_end = -PAGE_SIZE; } return vm_end; } static inline unsigned long vma_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return (vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; } /* Look up the first VMA which exactly match the interval vm_start ... vm_end */ static inline struct vm_area_struct *find_exact_vma(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vm_start, unsigned long vm_end) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = find_vma(mm, vm_start); if (vma && (vma->vm_start != vm_start || vma->vm_end != vm_end)) vma = NULL; return vma; } static inline bool range_in_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { return (vma && vma->vm_start <= start && end <= vma->vm_end); } #ifdef CONFIG_MMU pgprot_t vm_get_page_prot(unsigned long vm_flags); void vma_set_page_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #else static inline pgprot_t vm_get_page_prot(unsigned long vm_flags) { return __pgprot(0); } static inline void vma_set_page_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { vma->vm_page_prot = vm_get_page_prot(vma->vm_flags); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING unsigned long change_prot_numa(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); #endif struct vm_area_struct *find_extend_vma(struct mm_struct *, unsigned long addr); int remap_pfn_range(struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t); int vm_insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long addr, struct page *); int vm_insert_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page **pages, unsigned long *num); int vm_map_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num); int vm_map_pages_zero(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t pgprot); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn); int vm_iomap_memory(struct vm_area_struct *vma, phys_addr_t start, unsigned long len); static inline vm_fault_t vmf_insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page *page) { int err = vm_insert_page(vma, addr, page); if (err == -ENOMEM) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (err < 0 && err != -EBUSY) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } #ifndef io_remap_pfn_range static inline int io_remap_pfn_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot) { return remap_pfn_range(vma, addr, pfn, size, pgprot_decrypted(prot)); } #endif static inline vm_fault_t vmf_error(int err) { if (err == -ENOMEM) return VM_FAULT_OOM; return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } struct page *follow_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int foll_flags); #define FOLL_WRITE 0x01 /* check pte is writable */ #define FOLL_TOUCH 0x02 /* mark page accessed */ #define FOLL_GET 0x04 /* do get_page on page */ #define FOLL_DUMP 0x08 /* give error on hole if it would be zero */ #define FOLL_FORCE 0x10 /* get_user_pages read/write w/o permission */ #define FOLL_NOWAIT 0x20 /* if a disk transfer is needed, start the IO * and return without waiting upon it */ #define FOLL_POPULATE 0x40 /* fault in page */ #define FOLL_SPLIT 0x80 /* don't return transhuge pages, split them */ #define FOLL_HWPOISON 0x100 /* check page is hwpoisoned */ #define FOLL_NUMA 0x200 /* force NUMA hinting page fault */ #define FOLL_MIGRATION 0x400 /* wait for page to replace migration entry */ #define FOLL_TRIED 0x800 /* a retry, previous pass started an IO */ #define FOLL_MLOCK 0x1000 /* lock present pages */ #define FOLL_REMOTE 0x2000 /* we are working on non-current tsk/mm */ #define FOLL_COW 0x4000 /* internal GUP flag */ #define FOLL_ANON 0x8000 /* don't do file mappings */ #define FOLL_LONGTERM 0x10000 /* mapping lifetime is indefinite: see below */ #define FOLL_SPLIT_PMD 0x20000 /* split huge pmd before returning */ #define FOLL_PIN 0x40000 /* pages must be released via unpin_user_page */ #define FOLL_FAST_ONLY 0x80000 /* gup_fast: prevent fall-back to slow gup */ /* * FOLL_PIN and FOLL_LONGTERM may be used in various combinations with each * other. Here is what they mean, and how to use them: * * FOLL_LONGTERM indicates that the page will be held for an indefinite time * period _often_ under userspace control. This is in contrast to * iov_iter_get_pages(), whose usages are transient. * * FIXME: For pages which are part of a filesystem, mappings are subject to the * lifetime enforced by the filesystem and we need guarantees that longterm * users like RDMA and V4L2 only establish mappings which coordinate usage with * the filesystem. Ideas for this coordination include revoking the longterm * pin, delaying writeback, bounce buffer page writeback, etc. As FS DAX was * added after the problem with filesystems was found FS DAX VMAs are * specifically failed. Filesystem pages are still subject to bugs and use of * FOLL_LONGTERM should be avoided on those pages. * * FIXME: Also NOTE that FOLL_LONGTERM is not supported in every GUP call. * Currently only get_user_pages() and get_user_pages_fast() support this flag * and calls to get_user_pages_[un]locked are specifically not allowed. This * is due to an incompatibility with the FS DAX check and * FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY. * * In the CMA case: long term pins in a CMA region would unnecessarily fragment * that region. And so, CMA attempts to migrate the page before pinning, when * FOLL_LONGTERM is specified. * * FOLL_PIN indicates that a special kind of tracking (not just page->_refcount, * but an additional pin counting system) will be invoked. This is intended for * anything that gets a page reference and then touches page data (for example, * Direct IO). This lets the filesystem know that some non-file-system entity is * potentially changing the pages' data. In contrast to FOLL_GET (whose pages * are released via put_page()), FOLL_PIN pages must be released, ultimately, by * a call to unpin_user_page(). * * FOLL_PIN is similar to FOLL_GET: both of these pin pages. They use different * and separate refcounting mechanisms, however, and that means that each has * its own acquire and release mechanisms: * * FOLL_GET: get_user_pages*() to acquire, and put_page() to release. * * FOLL_PIN: pin_user_pages*() to acquire, and unpin_user_pages to release. * * FOLL_PIN and FOLL_GET are mutually exclusive for a given function call. * (The underlying pages may experience both FOLL_GET-based and FOLL_PIN-based * calls applied to them, and that's perfectly OK. This is a constraint on the * callers, not on the pages.) * * FOLL_PIN should be set internally by the pin_user_pages*() APIs, never * directly by the caller. That's in order to help avoid mismatches when * releasing pages: get_user_pages*() pages must be released via put_page(), * while pin_user_pages*() pages must be released via unpin_user_page(). * * Please see Documentation/core-api/pin_user_pages.rst for more information. */ static inline int vm_fault_to_errno(vm_fault_t vm_fault, int foll_flags) { if (vm_fault & VM_FAULT_OOM) return -ENOMEM; if (vm_fault & (VM_FAULT_HWPOISON | VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE)) return (foll_flags & FOLL_HWPOISON) ? -EHWPOISON : -EFAULT; if (vm_fault & (VM_FAULT_SIGBUS | VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV)) return -EFAULT; return 0; } typedef int (*pte_fn_t)(pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, void *data); extern int apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data); extern int apply_to_existing_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data); #ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_POISONING extern bool page_poisoning_enabled(void); extern void kernel_poison_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable); #else static inline bool page_poisoning_enabled(void) { return false; } static inline void kernel_poison_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_INIT_ON_ALLOC_DEFAULT_ON DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(init_on_alloc); #else DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(init_on_alloc); #endif static inline bool want_init_on_alloc(gfp_t flags) { if (static_branch_unlikely(&init_on_alloc) && !page_poisoning_enabled()) return true; return flags & __GFP_ZERO; } #ifdef CONFIG_INIT_ON_FREE_DEFAULT_ON DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(init_on_free); #else DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(init_on_free); #endif static inline bool want_init_on_free(void) { return static_branch_unlikely(&init_on_free) && !page_poisoning_enabled(); } #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC extern void init_debug_pagealloc(void); #else static inline void init_debug_pagealloc(void) {} #endif extern bool _debug_pagealloc_enabled_early; DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(_debug_pagealloc_enabled); static inline bool debug_pagealloc_enabled(void) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC) && _debug_pagealloc_enabled_early; } /* * For use in fast paths after init_debug_pagealloc() has run, or when a * false negative result is not harmful when called too early. */ static inline bool debug_pagealloc_enabled_static(void) { if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC)) return false; return static_branch_unlikely(&_debug_pagealloc_enabled); } #if defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC) || defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SET_DIRECT_MAP) extern void __kernel_map_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable); /* * When called in DEBUG_PAGEALLOC context, the call should most likely be * guarded by debug_pagealloc_enabled() or debug_pagealloc_enabled_static() */ static inline void kernel_map_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable) { __kernel_map_pages(page, numpages, enable); } #ifdef CONFIG_HIBERNATION extern bool kernel_page_present(struct page *page); #endif /* CONFIG_HIBERNATION */ #else /* CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC || CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SET_DIRECT_MAP */ static inline void kernel_map_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable) {} #ifdef CONFIG_HIBERNATION static inline bool kernel_page_present(struct page *page) { return true; } #endif /* CONFIG_HIBERNATION */ #endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC || CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SET_DIRECT_MAP */ #ifdef __HAVE_ARCH_GATE_AREA extern struct vm_area_struct *get_gate_vma(struct mm_struct *mm); extern int in_gate_area_no_mm(unsigned long addr); extern int in_gate_area(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr); #else static inline struct vm_area_struct *get_gate_vma(struct mm_struct *mm) { return NULL; } static inline int in_gate_area_no_mm(unsigned long addr) { return 0; } static inline int in_gate_area(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { return 0; } #endif /* __HAVE_ARCH_GATE_AREA */ extern bool process_shares_mm(struct task_struct *p, struct mm_struct *mm); #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL extern int sysctl_drop_caches; int drop_caches_sysctl_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); #endif void drop_slab(void); void drop_slab_node(int nid); #ifndef CONFIG_MMU #define randomize_va_space 0 #else extern int randomize_va_space; #endif const char * arch_vma_name(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU void print_vma_addr(char *prefix, unsigned long rip); #else static inline void print_vma_addr(char *prefix, unsigned long rip) { } #endif void *sparse_buffer_alloc(unsigned long size); struct page * __populate_section_memmap(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages, int nid, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); pgd_t *vmemmap_pgd_populate(unsigned long addr, int node); p4d_t *vmemmap_p4d_populate(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, int node); pud_t *vmemmap_pud_populate(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, int node); pmd_t *vmemmap_pmd_populate(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, int node); pte_t *vmemmap_pte_populate(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, int node, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); void *vmemmap_alloc_block(unsigned long size, int node); struct vmem_altmap; void *vmemmap_alloc_block_buf(unsigned long size, int node, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); void vmemmap_verify(pte_t *, int, unsigned long, unsigned long); int vmemmap_populate_basepages(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, int node, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); int vmemmap_populate(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, int node, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); void vmemmap_populate_print_last(void); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG void vmemmap_free(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); #endif void register_page_bootmem_memmap(unsigned long section_nr, struct page *map, unsigned long nr_pages); enum mf_flags { MF_COUNT_INCREASED = 1 << 0, MF_ACTION_REQUIRED = 1 << 1, MF_MUST_KILL = 1 << 2, MF_SOFT_OFFLINE = 1 << 3, }; extern int memory_failure(unsigned long pfn, int flags); extern void memory_failure_queue(unsigned long pfn, int flags); extern void memory_failure_queue_kick(int cpu); extern int unpoison_memory(unsigned long pfn); extern int sysctl_memory_failure_early_kill; extern int sysctl_memory_failure_recovery; extern void shake_page(struct page *p, int access); extern atomic_long_t num_poisoned_pages __read_mostly; extern int soft_offline_page(unsigned long pfn, int flags); /* * Error handlers for various types of pages. */ enum mf_result { MF_IGNORED, /* Error: cannot be handled */ MF_FAILED, /* Error: handling failed */ MF_DELAYED, /* Will be handled later */ MF_RECOVERED, /* Successfully recovered */ }; enum mf_action_page_type { MF_MSG_KERNEL, MF_MSG_KERNEL_HIGH_ORDER, MF_MSG_SLAB, MF_MSG_DIFFERENT_COMPOUND, MF_MSG_POISONED_HUGE, MF_MSG_HUGE, MF_MSG_FREE_HUGE, MF_MSG_NON_PMD_HUGE, MF_MSG_UNMAP_FAILED, MF_MSG_DIRTY_SWAPCACHE, MF_MSG_CLEAN_SWAPCACHE, MF_MSG_DIRTY_MLOCKED_LRU, MF_MSG_CLEAN_MLOCKED_LRU, MF_MSG_DIRTY_UNEVICTABLE_LRU, MF_MSG_CLEAN_UNEVICTABLE_LRU, MF_MSG_DIRTY_LRU, MF_MSG_CLEAN_LRU, MF_MSG_TRUNCATED_LRU, MF_MSG_BUDDY, MF_MSG_BUDDY_2ND, MF_MSG_DAX, MF_MSG_UNSPLIT_THP, MF_MSG_UNKNOWN, }; #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) || defined(CONFIG_HUGETLBFS) extern void clear_huge_page(struct page *page, unsigned long addr_hint, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page); extern void copy_user_huge_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, unsigned long addr_hint, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page); extern long copy_huge_page_from_user(struct page *dst_page, const void __user *usr_src, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page, bool allow_pagefault); /** * vma_is_special_huge - Are transhuge page-table entries considered special? * @vma: Pointer to the struct vm_area_struct to consider * * Whether transhuge page-table entries are considered "special" following * the definition in vm_normal_page(). * * Return: true if transhuge page-table entries should be considered special, * false otherwise. */ static inline bool vma_is_special_huge(const struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return vma_is_dax(vma) || (vma->vm_file && (vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP))); } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE || CONFIG_HUGETLBFS */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC extern unsigned int _debug_guardpage_minorder; DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(_debug_guardpage_enabled); static inline unsigned int debug_guardpage_minorder(void) { return _debug_guardpage_minorder; } static inline bool debug_guardpage_enabled(void) { return static_branch_unlikely(&_debug_guardpage_enabled); } static inline bool page_is_guard(struct page *page) { if (!debug_guardpage_enabled()) return false; return PageGuard(page); } #else static inline unsigned int debug_guardpage_minorder(void) { return 0; } static inline bool debug_guardpage_enabled(void) { return false; } static inline bool page_is_guard(struct page *page) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC */ #if MAX_NUMNODES > 1 void __init setup_nr_node_ids(void); #else static inline void setup_nr_node_ids(void) {} #endif extern int memcmp_pages(struct page *page1, struct page *page2); static inline int pages_identical(struct page *page1, struct page *page2) { return !memcmp_pages(page1, page2); } #ifdef CONFIG_MAPPING_DIRTY_HELPERS unsigned long clean_record_shared_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t first_index, pgoff_t nr, pgoff_t bitmap_pgoff, unsigned long *bitmap, pgoff_t *start, pgoff_t *end); unsigned long wp_shared_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t first_index, pgoff_t nr); #endif extern int sysctl_nr_trim_pages; /** * seal_check_future_write - Check for F_SEAL_FUTURE_WRITE flag and handle it * @seals: the seals to check * @vma: the vma to operate on * * Check whether F_SEAL_FUTURE_WRITE is set; if so, do proper check/handling on * the vma flags. Return 0 if check pass, or <0 for errors. */ static inline int seal_check_future_write(int seals, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (seals & F_SEAL_FUTURE_WRITE) { /* * New PROT_WRITE and MAP_SHARED mmaps are not allowed when * "future write" seal active. */ if ((vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) && (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE)) return -EPERM; /* * Since an F_SEAL_FUTURE_WRITE sealed memfd can be mapped as * MAP_SHARED and read-only, take care to not allow mprotect to * revert protections on such mappings. Do this only for shared * mappings. For private mappings, don't need to mask * VM_MAYWRITE as we still want them to be COW-writable. */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) vma->vm_flags &= ~(VM_MAYWRITE); } return 0; } #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #endif /* _LINUX_MM_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_SMP_H #define _ASM_X86_SMP_H #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <asm/percpu.h> #include <asm/thread_info.h> #include <asm/cpumask.h> extern int smp_num_siblings; extern unsigned int num_processors; DECLARE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(cpumask_var_t, cpu_sibling_map); DECLARE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(cpumask_var_t, cpu_core_map); DECLARE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(cpumask_var_t, cpu_die_map); /* cpus sharing the last level cache: */ DECLARE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(cpumask_var_t, cpu_llc_shared_map); DECLARE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(u16, cpu_llc_id); DECLARE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(int, cpu_number); static inline struct cpumask *cpu_llc_shared_mask(int cpu) { return per_cpu(cpu_llc_shared_map, cpu); } DECLARE_EARLY_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(u16, x86_cpu_to_apicid); DECLARE_EARLY_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(u32, x86_cpu_to_acpiid); DECLARE_EARLY_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(u16, x86_bios_cpu_apicid); #if defined(CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC) && defined(CONFIG_X86_32) DECLARE_EARLY_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(int, x86_cpu_to_logical_apicid); #endif struct task_struct; struct smp_ops { void (*smp_prepare_boot_cpu)(void); void (*smp_prepare_cpus)(unsigned max_cpus); void (*smp_cpus_done)(unsigned max_cpus); void (*stop_other_cpus)(int wait); void (*crash_stop_other_cpus)(void); void (*smp_send_reschedule)(int cpu); int (*cpu_up)(unsigned cpu, struct task_struct *tidle); int (*cpu_disable)(void); void (*cpu_die)(unsigned int cpu); void (*play_dead)(void); void (*send_call_func_ipi)(const struct cpumask *mask); void (*send_call_func_single_ipi)(int cpu); }; /* Globals due to paravirt */ extern void set_cpu_sibling_map(int cpu); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP extern struct smp_ops smp_ops; static inline void smp_send_stop(void) { smp_ops.stop_other_cpus(0); } static inline void stop_other_cpus(void) { smp_ops.stop_other_cpus(1); } static inline void smp_prepare_boot_cpu(void) { smp_ops.smp_prepare_boot_cpu(); } static inline void smp_prepare_cpus(unsigned int max_cpus) { smp_ops.smp_prepare_cpus(max_cpus); } static inline void smp_cpus_done(unsigned int max_cpus) { smp_ops.smp_cpus_done(max_cpus); } static inline int __cpu_up(unsigned int cpu, struct task_struct *tidle) { return smp_ops.cpu_up(cpu, tidle); } static inline int __cpu_disable(void) { return smp_ops.cpu_disable(); } static inline void __cpu_die(unsigned int cpu) { smp_ops.cpu_die(cpu); } static inline void play_dead(void) { smp_ops.play_dead(); } static inline void smp_send_reschedule(int cpu) { smp_ops.smp_send_reschedule(cpu); } static inline void arch_send_call_function_single_ipi(int cpu) { smp_ops.send_call_func_single_ipi(cpu); } static inline void arch_send_call_function_ipi_mask(const struct cpumask *mask) { smp_ops.send_call_func_ipi(mask); } void cpu_disable_common(void); void native_smp_prepare_boot_cpu(void); void native_smp_prepare_cpus(unsigned int max_cpus); void calculate_max_logical_packages(void); void native_smp_cpus_done(unsigned int max_cpus); int common_cpu_up(unsigned int cpunum, struct task_struct *tidle); int native_cpu_up(unsigned int cpunum, struct task_struct *tidle); int native_cpu_disable(void); int common_cpu_die(unsigned int cpu); void native_cpu_die(unsigned int cpu); void hlt_play_dead(void); void native_play_dead(void); void play_dead_common(void); void wbinvd_on_cpu(int cpu); int wbinvd_on_all_cpus(void); void cond_wakeup_cpu0(void); void native_smp_send_reschedule(int cpu); void native_send_call_func_ipi(const struct cpumask *mask); void native_send_call_func_single_ipi(int cpu); void x86_idle_thread_init(unsigned int cpu, struct task_struct *idle); void smp_store_boot_cpu_info(void); void smp_store_cpu_info(int id); asmlinkage __visible void smp_reboot_interrupt(void); __visible void smp_reschedule_interrupt(struct pt_regs *regs); __visible void smp_call_function_interrupt(struct pt_regs *regs); __visible void smp_call_function_single_interrupt(struct pt_regs *r); #define cpu_physical_id(cpu) per_cpu(x86_cpu_to_apicid, cpu) #define cpu_acpi_id(cpu) per_cpu(x86_cpu_to_acpiid, cpu) /* * This function is needed by all SMP systems. It must _always_ be valid * from the initial startup. We map APIC_BASE very early in page_setup(), * so this is correct in the x86 case. */ #define raw_smp_processor_id() this_cpu_read(cpu_number) #define __smp_processor_id() __this_cpu_read(cpu_number) #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 extern int safe_smp_processor_id(void); #else # define safe_smp_processor_id() smp_processor_id() #endif #else /* !CONFIG_SMP */ #define wbinvd_on_cpu(cpu) wbinvd() static inline int wbinvd_on_all_cpus(void) { wbinvd(); return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ extern unsigned disabled_cpus; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC extern int hard_smp_processor_id(void); #else /* CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC */ #define hard_smp_processor_id() 0 #endif /* CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_NMI_SELFTEST extern void nmi_selftest(void); #else #define nmi_selftest() do { } while (0) #endif #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_SMP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * fs/kernfs/kernfs-internal.h - kernfs internal header file * * Copyright (c) 2001-3 Patrick Mochel * Copyright (c) 2007 SUSE Linux Products GmbH * Copyright (c) 2007, 2013 Tejun Heo <teheo@suse.de> */ #ifndef __KERNFS_INTERNAL_H #define __KERNFS_INTERNAL_H #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/xattr.h> #include <linux/kernfs.h> #include <linux/fs_context.h> struct kernfs_iattrs { kuid_t ia_uid; kgid_t ia_gid; struct timespec64 ia_atime; struct timespec64 ia_mtime; struct timespec64 ia_ctime; struct simple_xattrs xattrs; atomic_t nr_user_xattrs; atomic_t user_xattr_size; }; /* +1 to avoid triggering overflow warning when negating it */ #define KN_DEACTIVATED_BIAS (INT_MIN + 1) /* KERNFS_TYPE_MASK and types are defined in include/linux/kernfs.h */ /** * kernfs_root - find out the kernfs_root a kernfs_node belongs to * @kn: kernfs_node of interest * * Return the kernfs_root @kn belongs to. */ static inline struct kernfs_root *kernfs_root(struct kernfs_node *kn) { /* if parent exists, it's always a dir; otherwise, @sd is a dir */ if (kn->parent) kn = kn->parent; return kn->dir.root; } /* * mount.c */ struct kernfs_super_info { struct super_block *sb; /* * The root associated with this super_block. Each super_block is * identified by the root and ns it's associated with. */ struct kernfs_root *root; /* * Each sb is associated with one namespace tag, currently the * network namespace of the task which mounted this kernfs * instance. If multiple tags become necessary, make the following * an array and compare kernfs_node tag against every entry. */ const void *ns; /* anchored at kernfs_root->supers, protected by kernfs_mutex */ struct list_head node; }; #define kernfs_info(SB) ((struct kernfs_super_info *)(SB->s_fs_info)) static inline struct kernfs_node *kernfs_dentry_node(struct dentry *dentry) { if (d_really_is_negative(dentry)) return NULL; return d_inode(dentry)->i_private; } extern const struct super_operations kernfs_sops; extern struct kmem_cache *kernfs_node_cache, *kernfs_iattrs_cache; /* * inode.c */ extern const struct xattr_handler *kernfs_xattr_handlers[]; void kernfs_evict_inode(struct inode *inode); int kernfs_iop_permission(struct inode *inode, int mask); int kernfs_iop_setattr(struct dentry *dentry, struct iattr *iattr); int kernfs_iop_getattr(const struct path *path, struct kstat *stat, u32 request_mask, unsigned int query_flags); ssize_t kernfs_iop_listxattr(struct dentry *dentry, char *buf, size_t size); int __kernfs_setattr(struct kernfs_node *kn, const struct iattr *iattr); /* * dir.c */ extern struct mutex kernfs_mutex; extern const struct dentry_operations kernfs_dops; extern const struct file_operations kernfs_dir_fops; extern const struct inode_operations kernfs_dir_iops; struct kernfs_node *kernfs_get_active(struct kernfs_node *kn); void kernfs_put_active(struct kernfs_node *kn); int kernfs_add_one(struct kernfs_node *kn); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_new_node(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, unsigned flags); /* * file.c */ extern const struct file_operations kernfs_file_fops; void kernfs_drain_open_files(struct kernfs_node *kn); /* * symlink.c */ extern const struct inode_operations kernfs_symlink_iops; #endif /* __KERNFS_INTERNAL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * This file is part of the Linux kernel. * * Copyright (c) 2011-2014, Intel Corporation * Authors: Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com>, * H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com> */ #ifndef ASM_X86_ARCHRANDOM_H #define ASM_X86_ARCHRANDOM_H #include <asm/processor.h> #include <asm/cpufeature.h> #define RDRAND_RETRY_LOOPS 10 /* Unconditional execution of RDRAND and RDSEED */ static inline bool __must_check rdrand_long(unsigned long *v) { bool ok; unsigned int retry = RDRAND_RETRY_LOOPS; do { asm volatile("rdrand %[out]" CC_SET(c) : CC_OUT(c) (ok), [out] "=r" (*v)); if (ok) return true; } while (--retry); return false; } static inline bool __must_check rdrand_int(unsigned int *v) { bool ok; unsigned int retry = RDRAND_RETRY_LOOPS; do { asm volatile("rdrand %[out]" CC_SET(c) : CC_OUT(c) (ok), [out] "=r" (*v)); if (ok) return true; } while (--retry); return false; } static inline bool __must_check rdseed_long(unsigned long *v) { bool ok; asm volatile("rdseed %[out]" CC_SET(c) : CC_OUT(c) (ok), [out] "=r" (*v)); return ok; } static inline bool __must_check rdseed_int(unsigned int *v) { bool ok; asm volatile("rdseed %[out]" CC_SET(c) : CC_OUT(c) (ok), [out] "=r" (*v)); return ok; } /* * These are the generic interfaces; they must not be declared if the * stubs in <linux/random.h> are to be invoked, * i.e. CONFIG_ARCH_RANDOM is not defined. */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_RANDOM static inline bool __must_check arch_get_random_long(unsigned long *v) { return static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_RDRAND) ? rdrand_long(v) : false; } static inline bool __must_check arch_get_random_int(unsigned int *v) { return static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_RDRAND) ? rdrand_int(v) : false; } static inline bool __must_check arch_get_random_seed_long(unsigned long *v) { return static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_RDSEED) ? rdseed_long(v) : false; } static inline bool __must_check arch_get_random_seed_int(unsigned int *v) { return static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_RDSEED) ? rdseed_int(v) : false; } extern void x86_init_rdrand(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c); #else /* !CONFIG_ARCH_RANDOM */ static inline void x86_init_rdrand(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c) { } #endif /* !CONFIG_ARCH_RANDOM */ #endif /* ASM_X86_ARCHRANDOM_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 #ifndef _LINUX_JHASH_H #define _LINUX_JHASH_H /* jhash.h: Jenkins hash support. * * Copyright (C) 2006. Bob Jenkins (bob_jenkins@burtleburtle.net) * * https://burtleburtle.net/bob/hash/ * * These are the credits from Bob's sources: * * lookup3.c, by Bob Jenkins, May 2006, Public Domain. * * These are functions for producing 32-bit hashes for hash table lookup. * hashword(), hashlittle(), hashlittle2(), hashbig(), mix(), and final() * are externally useful functions. Routines to test the hash are included * if SELF_TEST is defined. You can use this free for any purpose. It's in * the public domain. It has no warranty. * * Copyright (C) 2009-2010 Jozsef Kadlecsik (kadlec@netfilter.org) * * I've modified Bob's hash to be useful in the Linux kernel, and * any bugs present are my fault. * Jozsef */ #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/unaligned/packed_struct.h> /* Best hash sizes are of power of two */ #define jhash_size(n) ((u32)1<<(n)) /* Mask the hash value, i.e (value & jhash_mask(n)) instead of (value % n) */ #define jhash_mask(n) (jhash_size(n)-1) /* __jhash_mix -- mix 3 32-bit values reversibly. */ #define __jhash_mix(a, b, c) \ { \ a -= c; a ^= rol32(c, 4); c += b; \ b -= a; b ^= rol32(a, 6); a += c; \ c -= b; c ^= rol32(b, 8); b += a; \ a -= c; a ^= rol32(c, 16); c += b; \ b -= a; b ^= rol32(a, 19); a += c; \ c -= b; c ^= rol32(b, 4); b += a; \ } /* __jhash_final - final mixing of 3 32-bit values (a,b,c) into c */ #define __jhash_final(a, b, c) \ { \ c ^= b; c -= rol32(b, 14); \ a ^= c; a -= rol32(c, 11); \ b ^= a; b -= rol32(a, 25); \ c ^= b; c -= rol32(b, 16); \ a ^= c; a -= rol32(c, 4); \ b ^= a; b -= rol32(a, 14); \ c ^= b; c -= rol32(b, 24); \ } /* An arbitrary initial parameter */ #define JHASH_INITVAL 0xdeadbeef /* jhash - hash an arbitrary key * @k: sequence of bytes as key * @length: the length of the key * @initval: the previous hash, or an arbitray value * * The generic version, hashes an arbitrary sequence of bytes. * No alignment or length assumptions are made about the input key. * * Returns the hash value of the key. The result depends on endianness. */ static inline u32 jhash(const void *key, u32 length, u32 initval) { u32 a, b, c; const u8 *k = key; /* Set up the internal state */ a = b = c = JHASH_INITVAL + length + initval; /* All but the last block: affect some 32 bits of (a,b,c) */ while (length > 12) { a += __get_unaligned_cpu32(k); b += __get_unaligned_cpu32(k + 4); c += __get_unaligned_cpu32(k + 8); __jhash_mix(a, b, c); length -= 12; k += 12; } /* Last block: affect all 32 bits of (c) */ switch (length) { case 12: c += (u32)k[11]<<24; fallthrough; case 11: c += (u32)k[10]<<16; fallthrough; case 10: c += (u32)k[9]<<8; fallthrough; case 9: c += k[8]; fallthrough; case 8: b += (u32)k[7]<<24; fallthrough; case 7: b += (u32)k[6]<<16; fallthrough; case 6: b += (u32)k[5]<<8; fallthrough; case 5: b += k[4]; fallthrough; case 4: a += (u32)k[3]<<24; fallthrough; case 3: a += (u32)k[2]<<16; fallthrough; case 2: a += (u32)k[1]<<8; fallthrough; case 1: a += k[0]; __jhash_final(a, b, c); break; case 0: /* Nothing left to add */ break; } return c; } /* jhash2 - hash an array of u32's * @k: the key which must be an array of u32's * @length: the number of u32's in the key * @initval: the previous hash, or an arbitray value * * Returns the hash value of the key. */ static inline u32 jhash2(const u32 *k, u32 length, u32 initval) { u32 a, b, c; /* Set up the internal state */ a = b = c = JHASH_INITVAL + (length<<2) + initval; /* Handle most of the key */ while (length > 3) { a += k[0]; b += k[1]; c += k[2]; __jhash_mix(a, b, c); length -= 3; k += 3; } /* Handle the last 3 u32's */ switch (length) { case 3: c += k[2]; fallthrough; case 2: b += k[1]; fallthrough; case 1: a += k[0]; __jhash_final(a, b, c); break; case 0: /* Nothing left to add */ break; } return c; } /* __jhash_nwords - hash exactly 3, 2 or 1 word(s) */ static inline u32 __jhash_nwords(u32 a, u32 b, u32 c, u32 initval) { a += initval; b += initval; c += initval; __jhash_final(a, b, c); return c; } static inline u32 jhash_3words(u32 a, u32 b, u32 c, u32 initval) { return __jhash_nwords(a, b, c, initval + JHASH_INITVAL + (3 << 2)); } static inline u32 jhash_2words(u32 a, u32 b, u32 initval) { return __jhash_nwords(a, b, 0, initval + JHASH_INITVAL + (2 << 2)); } static inline u32 jhash_1word(u32 a, u32 initval) { return __jhash_nwords(a, 0, 0, initval + JHASH_INITVAL + (1 << 2)); } #endif /* _LINUX_JHASH_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* user-type.h: User-defined key type * * Copyright (C) 2005 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved. * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com) */ #ifndef _KEYS_USER_TYPE_H #define _KEYS_USER_TYPE_H #include <linux/key.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #ifdef CONFIG_KEYS /*****************************************************************************/ /* * the payload for a key of type "user" or "logon" * - once filled in and attached to a key: * - the payload struct is invariant may not be changed, only replaced * - the payload must be read with RCU procedures or with the key semaphore * held * - the payload may only be replaced with the key semaphore write-locked * - the key's data length is the size of the actual data, not including the * payload wrapper */ struct user_key_payload { struct rcu_head rcu; /* RCU destructor */ unsigned short datalen; /* length of this data */ char data[] __aligned(__alignof__(u64)); /* actual data */ }; extern struct key_type key_type_user; extern struct key_type key_type_logon; struct key_preparsed_payload; extern int user_preparse(struct key_preparsed_payload *prep); extern void user_free_preparse(struct key_preparsed_payload *prep); extern int user_update(struct key *key, struct key_preparsed_payload *prep); extern void user_revoke(struct key *key); extern void user_destroy(struct key *key); extern void user_describe(const struct key *user, struct seq_file *m); extern long user_read(const struct key *key, char *buffer, size_t buflen); static inline const struct user_key_payload *user_key_payload_rcu(const struct key *key) { return (struct user_key_payload *)dereference_key_rcu(key); } static inline struct user_key_payload *user_key_payload_locked(const struct key *key) { return (struct user_key_payload *)dereference_key_locked((struct key *)key); } #endif /* CONFIG_KEYS */ #endif /* _KEYS_USER_TYPE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Functions used by both the SCSI initiator code and the SCSI target code. */ #ifndef _SCSI_COMMON_H_ #define _SCSI_COMMON_H_ #include <linux/types.h> #include <scsi/scsi_proto.h> static inline unsigned scsi_varlen_cdb_length(const void *hdr) { return ((struct scsi_varlen_cdb_hdr *)hdr)->additional_cdb_length + 8; } extern const unsigned char scsi_command_size_tbl[8]; #define COMMAND_SIZE(opcode) scsi_command_size_tbl[((opcode) >> 5) & 7] static inline unsigned scsi_command_size(const unsigned char *cmnd) { return (cmnd[0] == VARIABLE_LENGTH_CMD) ? scsi_varlen_cdb_length(cmnd) : COMMAND_SIZE(cmnd[0]); } static inline unsigned char scsi_command_control(const unsigned char *cmnd) { return (cmnd[0] == VARIABLE_LENGTH_CMD) ? cmnd[1] : cmnd[COMMAND_SIZE(cmnd[0]) - 1]; } /* Returns a human-readable name for the device */ extern const char *scsi_device_type(unsigned type); extern void int_to_scsilun(u64, struct scsi_lun *); extern u64 scsilun_to_int(struct scsi_lun *); /* * This is a slightly modified SCSI sense "descriptor" format header. * The addition is to allow the 0x70 and 0x71 response codes. The idea * is to place the salient data from either "fixed" or "descriptor" sense * format into one structure to ease application processing. * * The original sense buffer should be kept around for those cases * in which more information is required (e.g. the LBA of a MEDIUM ERROR). */ struct scsi_sense_hdr { /* See SPC-3 section 4.5 */ u8 response_code; /* permit: 0x0, 0x70, 0x71, 0x72, 0x73 */ u8 sense_key; u8 asc; u8 ascq; u8 byte4; u8 byte5; u8 byte6; u8 additional_length; /* always 0 for fixed sense format */ }; static inline bool scsi_sense_valid(const struct scsi_sense_hdr *sshdr) { if (!sshdr) return false; return (sshdr->response_code & 0x70) == 0x70; } extern bool scsi_normalize_sense(const u8 *sense_buffer, int sb_len, struct scsi_sense_hdr *sshdr); extern void scsi_build_sense_buffer(int desc, u8 *buf, u8 key, u8 asc, u8 ascq); int scsi_set_sense_information(u8 *buf, int buf_len, u64 info); int scsi_set_sense_field_pointer(u8 *buf, int buf_len, u16 fp, u8 bp, bool cd); extern const u8 * scsi_sense_desc_find(const u8 * sense_buffer, int sb_len, int desc_type); #endif /* _SCSI_COMMON_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * ALSA sequencer Memory Manager * Copyright (c) 1998 by Frank van de Pol <fvdpol@coil.demon.nl> */ #ifndef __SND_SEQ_MEMORYMGR_H #define __SND_SEQ_MEMORYMGR_H #include <sound/seq_kernel.h> #include <linux/poll.h> struct snd_info_buffer; /* container for sequencer event (internal use) */ struct snd_seq_event_cell { struct snd_seq_event event; struct snd_seq_pool *pool; /* used pool */ struct snd_seq_event_cell *next; /* next cell */ }; /* design note: the pool is a contiguous block of memory, if we dynamicly want to add additional cells to the pool be better store this in another pool as we need to know the base address of the pool when releasing memory. */ struct snd_seq_pool { struct snd_seq_event_cell *ptr; /* pointer to first event chunk */ struct snd_seq_event_cell *free; /* pointer to the head of the free list */ int total_elements; /* pool size actually allocated */ atomic_t counter; /* cells free */ int size; /* pool size to be allocated */ int room; /* watermark for sleep/wakeup */ int closing; /* statistics */ int max_used; int event_alloc_nopool; int event_alloc_failures; int event_alloc_success; /* Write locking */ wait_queue_head_t output_sleep; /* Pool lock */ spinlock_t lock; }; void snd_seq_cell_free(struct snd_seq_event_cell *cell); int snd_seq_event_dup(struct snd_seq_pool *pool, struct snd_seq_event *event, struct snd_seq_event_cell **cellp, int nonblock, struct file *file, struct mutex *mutexp); /* return number of unused (free) cells */ static inline int snd_seq_unused_cells(struct snd_seq_pool *pool) { return pool ? pool->total_elements - atomic_read(&pool->counter) : 0; } /* return total number of allocated cells */ static inline int snd_seq_total_cells(struct snd_seq_pool *pool) { return pool ? pool->total_elements : 0; } /* init pool - allocate events */ int snd_seq_pool_init(struct snd_seq_pool *pool); /* done pool - free events */ void snd_seq_pool_mark_closing(struct snd_seq_pool *pool); int snd_seq_pool_done(struct snd_seq_pool *pool); /* create pool */ struct snd_seq_pool *snd_seq_pool_new(int poolsize); /* remove pool */ int snd_seq_pool_delete(struct snd_seq_pool **pool); /* polling */ int snd_seq_pool_poll_wait(struct snd_seq_pool *pool, struct file *file, poll_table *wait); void snd_seq_info_pool(struct snd_info_buffer *buffer, struct snd_seq_pool *pool, char *space); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_PGTABLE_INVERT_H #define _ASM_PGTABLE_INVERT_H 1 #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ /* * A clear pte value is special, and doesn't get inverted. * * Note that even users that only pass a pgprot_t (rather * than a full pte) won't trigger the special zero case, * because even PAGE_NONE has _PAGE_PROTNONE | _PAGE_ACCESSED * set. So the all zero case really is limited to just the * cleared page table entry case. */ static inline bool __pte_needs_invert(u64 val) { return val && !(val & _PAGE_PRESENT); } /* Get a mask to xor with the page table entry to get the correct pfn. */ static inline u64 protnone_mask(u64 val) { return __pte_needs_invert(val) ? ~0ull : 0; } static inline u64 flip_protnone_guard(u64 oldval, u64 val, u64 mask) { /* * When a PTE transitions from NONE to !NONE or vice-versa * invert the PFN part to stop speculation. * pte_pfn undoes this when needed. */ if (__pte_needs_invert(oldval) != __pte_needs_invert(val)) val = (val & ~mask) | (~val & mask); return val; } #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Connection state tracking for netfilter. This is separated from, * but required by, the (future) NAT layer; it can also be used by an iptables * extension. * * 16 Dec 2003: Yasuyuki Kozakai @USAGI <yasuyuki.kozakai@toshiba.co.jp> * - generalize L3 protocol dependent part. * * Derived from include/linux/netfiter_ipv4/ip_conntrack.h */ #ifndef _NF_CONNTRACK_H #define _NF_CONNTRACK_H #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_common.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_tcp.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_dccp.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_sctp.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_proto_gre.h> #include <net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_tuple.h> struct nf_ct_udp { unsigned long stream_ts; }; /* per conntrack: protocol private data */ union nf_conntrack_proto { /* insert conntrack proto private data here */ struct nf_ct_dccp dccp; struct ip_ct_sctp sctp; struct ip_ct_tcp tcp; struct nf_ct_udp udp; struct nf_ct_gre gre; unsigned int tmpl_padto; }; union nf_conntrack_expect_proto { /* insert expect proto private data here */ }; struct nf_conntrack_net { unsigned int users4; unsigned int users6; unsigned int users_bridge; }; #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <net/netfilter/ipv4/nf_conntrack_ipv4.h> #include <net/netfilter/ipv6/nf_conntrack_ipv6.h> struct nf_conn { /* Usage count in here is 1 for hash table, 1 per skb, * plus 1 for any connection(s) we are `master' for * * Hint, SKB address this struct and refcnt via skb->_nfct and * helpers nf_conntrack_get() and nf_conntrack_put(). * Helper nf_ct_put() equals nf_conntrack_put() by dec refcnt, * beware nf_ct_get() is different and don't inc refcnt. */ struct nf_conntrack ct_general; spinlock_t lock; /* jiffies32 when this ct is considered dead */ u32 timeout; #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES struct nf_conntrack_zone zone; #endif /* XXX should I move this to the tail ? - Y.K */ /* These are my tuples; original and reply */ struct nf_conntrack_tuple_hash tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_MAX]; /* Have we seen traffic both ways yet? (bitset) */ unsigned long status; u16 cpu; possible_net_t ct_net; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_NAT) struct hlist_node nat_bysource; #endif /* all members below initialized via memset */ struct { } __nfct_init_offset; /* If we were expected by an expectation, this will be it */ struct nf_conn *master; #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MARK) u_int32_t mark; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_SECMARK u_int32_t secmark; #endif /* Extensions */ struct nf_ct_ext *ext; /* Storage reserved for other modules, must be the last member */ union nf_conntrack_proto proto; }; static inline struct nf_conn * nf_ct_tuplehash_to_ctrack(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple_hash *hash) { return container_of(hash, struct nf_conn, tuplehash[hash->tuple.dst.dir]); } static inline u_int16_t nf_ct_l3num(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_ORIGINAL].tuple.src.l3num; } static inline u_int8_t nf_ct_protonum(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_ORIGINAL].tuple.dst.protonum; } #define nf_ct_tuple(ct, dir) (&(ct)->tuplehash[dir].tuple) /* get master conntrack via master expectation */ #define master_ct(conntr) (conntr->master) extern struct net init_net; static inline struct net *nf_ct_net(const s