1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* Based on net/wireless/trace.h */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM cfg802154 #if !defined(__RDEV_CFG802154_OPS_TRACE) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define __RDEV_CFG802154_OPS_TRACE #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <net/cfg802154.h> #define MAXNAME 32 #define WPAN_PHY_ENTRY __array(char, wpan_phy_name, MAXNAME) #define WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN strlcpy(__entry->wpan_phy_name, \ wpan_phy_name(wpan_phy), \ MAXNAME) #define WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT "%s" #define WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG __entry->wpan_phy_name #define WPAN_DEV_ENTRY __field(u32, identifier) #define WPAN_DEV_ASSIGN (__entry->identifier) = (!IS_ERR_OR_NULL(wpan_dev) \ ? wpan_dev->identifier : 0) #define WPAN_DEV_PR_FMT "wpan_dev(%u)" #define WPAN_DEV_PR_ARG (__entry->identifier) #define WPAN_CCA_ENTRY __field(enum nl802154_cca_modes, cca_mode) \ __field(enum nl802154_cca_opts, cca_opt) #define WPAN_CCA_ASSIGN \ do { \ (__entry->cca_mode) = cca->mode; \ (__entry->cca_opt) = cca->opt; \ } while (0) #define WPAN_CCA_PR_FMT "cca_mode: %d, cca_opt: %d" #define WPAN_CCA_PR_ARG __entry->cca_mode, __entry->cca_opt #define BOOL_TO_STR(bo) (bo) ? "true" : "false" /************************************************************* * rdev->ops traces * *************************************************************/ DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(wpan_phy_only_evt, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT, WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG) ); DEFINE_EVENT(wpan_phy_only_evt, 802154_rdev_suspend, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy) ); DEFINE_EVENT(wpan_phy_only_evt, 802154_rdev_resume, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy) ); TRACE_EVENT(802154_rdev_add_virtual_intf, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, char *name, enum nl802154_iftype type, __le64 extended_addr), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, name, type, extended_addr), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY __string(vir_intf_name, name ? name : "<noname>") __field(enum nl802154_iftype, type) __field(__le64, extended_addr) ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; __assign_str(vir_intf_name, name ? name : "<noname>"); __entry->type = type; __entry->extended_addr = extended_addr; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", virtual intf name: %s, type: %d, extended addr: 0x%llx", WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, __get_str(vir_intf_name), __entry->type, __le64_to_cpu(__entry->extended_addr)) ); TRACE_EVENT(802154_rdev_del_virtual_intf, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, wpan_dev), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY WPAN_DEV_ENTRY ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; WPAN_DEV_ASSIGN; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", " WPAN_DEV_PR_FMT, WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, WPAN_DEV_PR_ARG) ); TRACE_EVENT(802154_rdev_set_channel, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, u8 page, u8 channel), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, page, channel), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY __field(u8, page) __field(u8, channel) ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; __entry->page = page; __entry->channel = channel; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", page: %d, channel: %d", WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, __entry->page, __entry->channel) ); TRACE_EVENT(802154_rdev_set_tx_power, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, s32 power), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, power), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY __field(s32, power) ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; __entry->power = power; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", mbm: %d", WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, __entry->power) ); TRACE_EVENT(802154_rdev_set_cca_mode, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, const struct wpan_phy_cca *cca), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, cca), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY WPAN_CCA_ENTRY ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; WPAN_CCA_ASSIGN; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", " WPAN_CCA_PR_FMT, WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, WPAN_CCA_PR_ARG) ); TRACE_EVENT(802154_rdev_set_cca_ed_level, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, s32 ed_level), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, ed_level), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY __field(s32, ed_level) ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; __entry->ed_level = ed_level; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", ed level: %d", WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, __entry->ed_level) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(802154_le16_template, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, __le16 le16arg), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, wpan_dev, le16arg), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY WPAN_DEV_ENTRY __field(__le16, le16arg) ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; WPAN_DEV_ASSIGN; __entry->le16arg = le16arg; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", " WPAN_DEV_PR_FMT ", pan id: 0x%04x", WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, WPAN_DEV_PR_ARG, __le16_to_cpu(__entry->le16arg)) ); DEFINE_EVENT(802154_le16_template, 802154_rdev_set_pan_id, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, __le16 le16arg), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, wpan_dev, le16arg) ); DEFINE_EVENT_PRINT(802154_le16_template, 802154_rdev_set_short_addr, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, __le16 le16arg), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, wpan_dev, le16arg), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", " WPAN_DEV_PR_FMT ", short addr: 0x%04x", WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, WPAN_DEV_PR_ARG, __le16_to_cpu(__entry->le16arg)) ); TRACE_EVENT(802154_rdev_set_backoff_exponent, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, u8 min_be, u8 max_be), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, wpan_dev, min_be, max_be), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY WPAN_DEV_ENTRY __field(u8, min_be) __field(u8, max_be) ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; WPAN_DEV_ASSIGN; __entry->min_be = min_be; __entry->max_be = max_be; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", " WPAN_DEV_PR_FMT ", min be: %d, max be: %d", WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, WPAN_DEV_PR_ARG, __entry->min_be, __entry->max_be) ); TRACE_EVENT(802154_rdev_set_csma_backoffs, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, u8 max_csma_backoffs), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, wpan_dev, max_csma_backoffs), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY WPAN_DEV_ENTRY __field(u8, max_csma_backoffs) ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; WPAN_DEV_ASSIGN; __entry->max_csma_backoffs = max_csma_backoffs; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", " WPAN_DEV_PR_FMT ", max csma backoffs: %d", WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, WPAN_DEV_PR_ARG, __entry->max_csma_backoffs) ); TRACE_EVENT(802154_rdev_set_max_frame_retries, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, s8 max_frame_retries), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, wpan_dev, max_frame_retries), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY WPAN_DEV_ENTRY __field(s8, max_frame_retries) ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; WPAN_DEV_ASSIGN; __entry->max_frame_retries = max_frame_retries; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", " WPAN_DEV_PR_FMT ", max frame retries: %d", WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, WPAN_DEV_PR_ARG, __entry->max_frame_retries) ); TRACE_EVENT(802154_rdev_set_lbt_mode, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, bool mode), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, wpan_dev, mode), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY WPAN_DEV_ENTRY __field(bool, mode) ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; WPAN_DEV_ASSIGN; __entry->mode = mode; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", " WPAN_DEV_PR_FMT ", lbt mode: %s", WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, WPAN_DEV_PR_ARG, BOOL_TO_STR(__entry->mode)) ); TRACE_EVENT(802154_rdev_set_ackreq_default, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, bool ackreq), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, wpan_dev, ackreq), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY WPAN_DEV_ENTRY __field(bool, ackreq) ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; WPAN_DEV_ASSIGN; __entry->ackreq = ackreq; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", " WPAN_DEV_PR_FMT ", ackreq default: %s", WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, WPAN_DEV_PR_ARG, BOOL_TO_STR(__entry->ackreq)) ); TRACE_EVENT(802154_rdev_return_int, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, int ret), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, ret), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY __field(int, ret) ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; __entry->ret = ret; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", returned: %d", WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, __entry->ret) ); #endif /* !__RDEV_CFG802154_OPS_TRACE || TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ */ #undef TRACE_INCLUDE_PATH #define TRACE_INCLUDE_PATH . #undef TRACE_INCLUDE_FILE #define TRACE_INCLUDE_FILE trace #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES_H #define _NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES_H #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_zones_common.h> #include <net/netfilter/nf_conntrack.h> static inline const struct nf_conntrack_zone * nf_ct_zone(const struct nf_conn *ct) { #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES return &ct->zone; #else return &nf_ct_zone_dflt; #endif } static inline const struct nf_conntrack_zone * nf_ct_zone_init(struct nf_conntrack_zone *zone, u16 id, u8 dir, u8 flags) { zone->id = id; zone->flags = flags; zone->dir = dir; return zone; } static inline const struct nf_conntrack_zone * nf_ct_zone_tmpl(const struct nf_conn *tmpl, const struct sk_buff *skb, struct nf_conntrack_zone *tmp) { #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES if (!tmpl) return &nf_ct_zone_dflt; if (tmpl->zone.flags & NF_CT_FLAG_MARK) return nf_ct_zone_init(tmp, skb->mark, tmpl->zone.dir, 0); #endif return nf_ct_zone(tmpl); } static inline void nf_ct_zone_add(struct nf_conn *ct, const struct nf_conntrack_zone *zone) { #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES ct->zone = *zone; #endif } static inline bool nf_ct_zone_matches_dir(const struct nf_conntrack_zone *zone, enum ip_conntrack_dir dir) { return zone->dir & (1 << dir); } static inline u16 nf_ct_zone_id(const struct nf_conntrack_zone *zone, enum ip_conntrack_dir dir) { #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES return nf_ct_zone_matches_dir(zone, dir) ? zone->id : NF_CT_DEFAULT_ZONE_ID; #else return NF_CT_DEFAULT_ZONE_ID; #endif } static inline bool nf_ct_zone_equal(const struct nf_conn *a, const struct nf_conntrack_zone *b, enum ip_conntrack_dir dir) { #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES return nf_ct_zone_id(nf_ct_zone(a), dir) == nf_ct_zone_id(b, dir); #else return true; #endif } static inline bool nf_ct_zone_equal_any(const struct nf_conn *a, const struct nf_conntrack_zone *b) { #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES return nf_ct_zone(a)->id == b->id; #else return true; #endif } #endif /* _NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES_H */
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1822 1823 1824 1825 1826 1827 1828 1829 1830 1831 1832 1833 1834 1835 1836 1837 1838 1839 1840 1841 1842 1843 1844 1845 1846 1847 1848 1849 1850 1851 1852 1853 1854 1855 1856 1857 1858 1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880 1881 1882 1883 1884 1885 1886 1887 1888 1889 1890 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899 1900 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __NET_NETLINK_H #define __NET_NETLINK_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/netlink.h> #include <linux/jiffies.h> #include <linux/in6.h> /* ======================================================================== * Netlink Messages and Attributes Interface (As Seen On TV) * ------------------------------------------------------------------------ * Messages Interface * ------------------------------------------------------------------------ * * Message Format: * <--- nlmsg_total_size(payload) ---> * <-- nlmsg_msg_size(payload) -> * +----------+- - -+-------------+- - -+-------- - - * | nlmsghdr | Pad | Payload | Pad | nlmsghdr * +----------+- - -+-------------+- - -+-------- - - * nlmsg_data(nlh)---^ ^ * nlmsg_next(nlh)-----------------------+ * * Payload Format: * <---------------------- nlmsg_len(nlh) ---------------------> * <------ hdrlen ------> <- nlmsg_attrlen(nlh, hdrlen) -> * +----------------------+- - -+--------------------------------+ * | Family Header | Pad | Attributes | * +----------------------+- - -+--------------------------------+ * nlmsg_attrdata(nlh, hdrlen)---^ * * Data Structures: * struct nlmsghdr netlink message header * * Message Construction: * nlmsg_new() create a new netlink message * nlmsg_put() add a netlink message to an skb * nlmsg_put_answer() callback based nlmsg_put() * nlmsg_end() finalize netlink message * nlmsg_get_pos() return current position in message * nlmsg_trim() trim part of message * nlmsg_cancel() cancel message construction * nlmsg_free() free a netlink message * * Message Sending: * nlmsg_multicast() multicast message to several groups * nlmsg_unicast() unicast a message to a single socket * nlmsg_notify() send notification message * * Message Length Calculations: * nlmsg_msg_size(payload) length of message w/o padding * nlmsg_total_size(payload) length of message w/ padding * nlmsg_padlen(payload) length of padding at tail * * Message Payload Access: * nlmsg_data(nlh) head of message payload * nlmsg_len(nlh) length of message payload * nlmsg_attrdata(nlh, hdrlen) head of attributes data * nlmsg_attrlen(nlh, hdrlen) length of attributes data * * Message Parsing: * nlmsg_ok(nlh, remaining) does nlh fit into remaining bytes? * nlmsg_next(nlh, remaining) get next netlink message * nlmsg_parse() parse attributes of a message * nlmsg_find_attr() find an attribute in a message * nlmsg_for_each_msg() loop over all messages * nlmsg_validate() validate netlink message incl. attrs * nlmsg_for_each_attr() loop over all attributes * * Misc: * nlmsg_report() report back to application? * * ------------------------------------------------------------------------ * Attributes Interface * ------------------------------------------------------------------------ * * Attribute Format: * <------- nla_total_size(payload) -------> * <---- nla_attr_size(payload) -----> * +----------+- - -+- - - - - - - - - +- - -+-------- - - * | Header | Pad | Payload | Pad | Header * +----------+- - -+- - - - - - - - - +- - -+-------- - - * <- nla_len(nla) -> ^ * nla_data(nla)----^ | * nla_next(nla)-----------------------------' * * Data Structures: * struct nlattr netlink attribute header * * Attribute Construction: * nla_reserve(skb, type, len) reserve room for an attribute * nla_reserve_nohdr(skb, len) reserve room for an attribute w/o hdr * nla_put(skb, type, len, data) add attribute to skb * nla_put_nohdr(skb, len, data) add attribute w/o hdr * nla_append(skb, len, data) append data to skb * * Attribute Construction for Basic Types: * nla_put_u8(skb, type, value) add u8 attribute to skb * nla_put_u16(skb, type, value) add u16 attribute to skb * nla_put_u32(skb, type, value) add u32 attribute to skb * nla_put_u64_64bit(skb, type, * value, padattr) add u64 attribute to skb * nla_put_s8(skb, type, value) add s8 attribute to skb * nla_put_s16(skb, type, value) add s16 attribute to skb * nla_put_s32(skb, type, value) add s32 attribute to skb * nla_put_s64(skb, type, value, * padattr) add s64 attribute to skb * nla_put_string(skb, type, str) add string attribute to skb * nla_put_flag(skb, type) add flag attribute to skb * nla_put_msecs(skb, type, jiffies, * padattr) add msecs attribute to skb * nla_put_in_addr(skb, type, addr) add IPv4 address attribute to skb * nla_put_in6_addr(skb, type, addr) add IPv6 address attribute to skb * * Nested Attributes Construction: * nla_nest_start(skb, type) start a nested attribute * nla_nest_end(skb, nla) finalize a nested attribute * nla_nest_cancel(skb, nla) cancel nested attribute construction * * Attribute Length Calculations: * nla_attr_size(payload) length of attribute w/o padding * nla_total_size(payload) length of attribute w/ padding * nla_padlen(payload) length of padding * * Attribute Payload Access: * nla_data(nla) head of attribute payload * nla_len(nla) length of attribute payload * * Attribute Payload Access for Basic Types: * nla_get_u8(nla) get payload for a u8 attribute * nla_get_u16(nla) get payload for a u16 attribute * nla_get_u32(nla) get payload for a u32 attribute * nla_get_u64(nla) get payload for a u64 attribute * nla_get_s8(nla) get payload for a s8 attribute * nla_get_s16(nla) get payload for a s16 attribute * nla_get_s32(nla) get payload for a s32 attribute * nla_get_s64(nla) get payload for a s64 attribute * nla_get_flag(nla) return 1 if flag is true * nla_get_msecs(nla) get payload for a msecs attribute * * Attribute Misc: * nla_memcpy(dest, nla, count) copy attribute into memory * nla_memcmp(nla, data, size) compare attribute with memory area * nla_strlcpy(dst, nla, size) copy attribute to a sized string * nla_strcmp(nla, str) compare attribute with string * * Attribute Parsing: * nla_ok(nla, remaining) does nla fit into remaining bytes? * nla_next(nla, remaining) get next netlink attribute * nla_validate() validate a stream of attributes * nla_validate_nested() validate a stream of nested attributes * nla_find() find attribute in stream of attributes * nla_find_nested() find attribute in nested attributes * nla_parse() parse and validate stream of attrs * nla_parse_nested() parse nested attributes * nla_for_each_attr() loop over all attributes * nla_for_each_nested() loop over the nested attributes *========================================================================= */ /** * Standard attribute types to specify validation policy */ enum { NLA_UNSPEC, NLA_U8, NLA_U16, NLA_U32, NLA_U64, NLA_STRING, NLA_FLAG, NLA_MSECS, NLA_NESTED, NLA_NESTED_ARRAY, NLA_NUL_STRING, NLA_BINARY, NLA_S8, NLA_S16, NLA_S32, NLA_S64, NLA_BITFIELD32, NLA_REJECT, __NLA_TYPE_MAX, }; #define NLA_TYPE_MAX (__NLA_TYPE_MAX - 1) struct netlink_range_validation { u64 min, max; }; struct netlink_range_validation_signed { s64 min, max; }; enum nla_policy_validation { NLA_VALIDATE_NONE, NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE, NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE_WARN_TOO_LONG, NLA_VALIDATE_MIN, NLA_VALIDATE_MAX, NLA_VALIDATE_MASK, NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE_PTR, NLA_VALIDATE_FUNCTION, }; /** * struct nla_policy - attribute validation policy * @type: Type of attribute or NLA_UNSPEC * @validation_type: type of attribute validation done in addition to * type-specific validation (e.g. range, function call), see * &enum nla_policy_validation * @len: Type specific length of payload * * Policies are defined as arrays of this struct, the array must be * accessible by attribute type up to the highest identifier to be expected. * * Meaning of `len' field: * NLA_STRING Maximum length of string * NLA_NUL_STRING Maximum length of string (excluding NUL) * NLA_FLAG Unused * NLA_BINARY Maximum length of attribute payload * (but see also below with the validation type) * NLA_NESTED, * NLA_NESTED_ARRAY Length verification is done by checking len of * nested header (or empty); len field is used if * nested_policy is also used, for the max attr * number in the nested policy. * NLA_U8, NLA_U16, * NLA_U32, NLA_U64, * NLA_S8, NLA_S16, * NLA_S32, NLA_S64, * NLA_MSECS Leaving the length field zero will verify the * given type fits, using it verifies minimum length * just like "All other" * NLA_BITFIELD32 Unused * NLA_REJECT Unused * All other Minimum length of attribute payload * * Meaning of validation union: * NLA_BITFIELD32 This is a 32-bit bitmap/bitselector attribute and * `bitfield32_valid' is the u32 value of valid flags * NLA_REJECT This attribute is always rejected and `reject_message' * may point to a string to report as the error instead * of the generic one in extended ACK. * NLA_NESTED `nested_policy' to a nested policy to validate, must * also set `len' to the max attribute number. Use the * provided NLA_POLICY_NESTED() macro. * Note that nla_parse() will validate, but of course not * parse, the nested sub-policies. * NLA_NESTED_ARRAY `nested_policy' points to a nested policy to validate, * must also set `len' to the max attribute number. Use * the provided NLA_POLICY_NESTED_ARRAY() macro. * The difference to NLA_NESTED is the structure: * NLA_NESTED has the nested attributes directly inside * while an array has the nested attributes at another * level down and the attribute types directly in the * nesting don't matter. * NLA_U8, * NLA_U16, * NLA_U32, * NLA_U64, * NLA_S8, * NLA_S16, * NLA_S32, * NLA_S64 The `min' and `max' fields are used depending on the * validation_type field, if that is min/max/range then * the min, max or both are used (respectively) to check * the value of the integer attribute. * Note that in the interest of code simplicity and * struct size both limits are s16, so you cannot * enforce a range that doesn't fall within the range * of s16 - do that as usual in the code instead. * Use the NLA_POLICY_MIN(), NLA_POLICY_MAX() and * NLA_POLICY_RANGE() macros. * NLA_U8, * NLA_U16, * NLA_U32, * NLA_U64 If the validation_type field instead is set to * NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE_PTR, `range' must be a pointer * to a struct netlink_range_validation that indicates * the min/max values. * Use NLA_POLICY_FULL_RANGE(). * NLA_S8, * NLA_S16, * NLA_S32, * NLA_S64 If the validation_type field instead is set to * NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE_PTR, `range_signed' must be a * pointer to a struct netlink_range_validation_signed * that indicates the min/max values. * Use NLA_POLICY_FULL_RANGE_SIGNED(). * * NLA_BINARY If the validation type is like the ones for integers * above, then the min/max length (not value like for * integers) of the attribute is enforced. * * All other Unused - but note that it's a union * * Meaning of `validate' field, use via NLA_POLICY_VALIDATE_FN: * NLA_BINARY Validation function called for the attribute. * All other Unused - but note that it's a union * * Example: * * static const u32 myvalidflags = 0xff231023; * * static const struct nla_policy my_policy[ATTR_MAX+1] = { * [ATTR_FOO] = { .type = NLA_U16 }, * [ATTR_BAR] = { .type = NLA_STRING, .len = BARSIZ }, * [ATTR_BAZ] = NLA_POLICY_EXACT_LEN(sizeof(struct mystruct)), * [ATTR_GOO] = NLA_POLICY_BITFIELD32(myvalidflags), * }; */ struct nla_policy { u8 type; u8 validation_type; u16 len; union { const u32 bitfield32_valid; const u32 mask; const char *reject_message; const struct nla_policy *nested_policy; struct netlink_range_validation *range; struct netlink_range_validation_signed *range_signed; struct { s16 min, max; }; int (*validate)(const struct nlattr *attr, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); /* This entry is special, and used for the attribute at index 0 * only, and specifies special data about the policy, namely it * specifies the "boundary type" where strict length validation * starts for any attribute types >= this value, also, strict * nesting validation starts here. * * Additionally, it means that NLA_UNSPEC is actually NLA_REJECT * for any types >= this, so need to use NLA_POLICY_MIN_LEN() to * get the previous pure { .len = xyz } behaviour. The advantage * of this is that types not specified in the policy will be * rejected. * * For completely new families it should be set to 1 so that the * validation is enforced for all attributes. For existing ones * it should be set at least when new attributes are added to * the enum used by the policy, and be set to the new value that * was added to enforce strict validation from thereon. */ u16 strict_start_type; }; }; #define NLA_POLICY_ETH_ADDR NLA_POLICY_EXACT_LEN(ETH_ALEN) #define NLA_POLICY_ETH_ADDR_COMPAT NLA_POLICY_EXACT_LEN_WARN(ETH_ALEN) #define _NLA_POLICY_NESTED(maxattr, policy) \ { .type = NLA_NESTED, .nested_policy = policy, .len = maxattr } #define _NLA_POLICY_NESTED_ARRAY(maxattr, policy) \ { .type = NLA_NESTED_ARRAY, .nested_policy = policy, .len = maxattr } #define NLA_POLICY_NESTED(policy) \ _NLA_POLICY_NESTED(ARRAY_SIZE(policy) - 1, policy) #define NLA_POLICY_NESTED_ARRAY(policy) \ _NLA_POLICY_NESTED_ARRAY(ARRAY_SIZE(policy) - 1, policy) #define NLA_POLICY_BITFIELD32(valid) \ { .type = NLA_BITFIELD32, .bitfield32_valid = valid } #define __NLA_IS_UINT_TYPE(tp) \ (tp == NLA_U8 || tp == NLA_U16 || tp == NLA_U32 || tp == NLA_U64) #define __NLA_IS_SINT_TYPE(tp) \ (tp == NLA_S8 || tp == NLA_S16 || tp == NLA_S32 || tp == NLA_S64) #define __NLA_ENSURE(condition) BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO(!(condition)) #define NLA_ENSURE_UINT_TYPE(tp) \ (__NLA_ENSURE(__NLA_IS_UINT_TYPE(tp)) + tp) #define NLA_ENSURE_UINT_OR_BINARY_TYPE(tp) \ (__NLA_ENSURE(__NLA_IS_UINT_TYPE(tp) || \ tp == NLA_MSECS || \ tp == NLA_BINARY) + tp) #define NLA_ENSURE_SINT_TYPE(tp) \ (__NLA_ENSURE(__NLA_IS_SINT_TYPE(tp)) + tp) #define NLA_ENSURE_INT_OR_BINARY_TYPE(tp) \ (__NLA_ENSURE(__NLA_IS_UINT_TYPE(tp) || \ __NLA_IS_SINT_TYPE(tp) || \ tp == NLA_MSECS || \ tp == NLA_BINARY) + tp) #define NLA_ENSURE_NO_VALIDATION_PTR(tp) \ (__NLA_ENSURE(tp != NLA_BITFIELD32 && \ tp != NLA_REJECT && \ tp != NLA_NESTED && \ tp != NLA_NESTED_ARRAY) + tp) #define NLA_POLICY_RANGE(tp, _min, _max) { \ .type = NLA_ENSURE_INT_OR_BINARY_TYPE(tp), \ .validation_type = NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE, \ .min = _min, \ .max = _max \ } #define NLA_POLICY_FULL_RANGE(tp, _range) { \ .type = NLA_ENSURE_UINT_OR_BINARY_TYPE(tp), \ .validation_type = NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE_PTR, \ .range = _range, \ } #define NLA_POLICY_FULL_RANGE_SIGNED(tp, _range) { \ .type = NLA_ENSURE_SINT_TYPE(tp), \ .validation_type = NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE_PTR, \ .range_signed = _range, \ } #define NLA_POLICY_MIN(tp, _min) { \ .type = NLA_ENSURE_INT_OR_BINARY_TYPE(tp), \ .validation_type = NLA_VALIDATE_MIN, \ .min = _min, \ } #define NLA_POLICY_MAX(tp, _max) { \ .type = NLA_ENSURE_INT_OR_BINARY_TYPE(tp), \ .validation_type = NLA_VALIDATE_MAX, \ .max = _max, \ } #define NLA_POLICY_MASK(tp, _mask) { \ .type = NLA_ENSURE_UINT_TYPE(tp), \ .validation_type = NLA_VALIDATE_MASK, \ .mask = _mask, \ } #define NLA_POLICY_VALIDATE_FN(tp, fn, ...) { \ .type = NLA_ENSURE_NO_VALIDATION_PTR(tp), \ .validation_type = NLA_VALIDATE_FUNCTION, \ .validate = fn, \ .len = __VA_ARGS__ + 0, \ } #define NLA_POLICY_EXACT_LEN(_len) NLA_POLICY_RANGE(NLA_BINARY, _len, _len) #define NLA_POLICY_EXACT_LEN_WARN(_len) { \ .type = NLA_BINARY, \ .validation_type = NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE_WARN_TOO_LONG, \ .min = _len, \ .max = _len \ } #define NLA_POLICY_MIN_LEN(_len) NLA_POLICY_MIN(NLA_BINARY, _len) /** * struct nl_info - netlink source information * @nlh: Netlink message header of original request * @nl_net: Network namespace * @portid: Netlink PORTID of requesting application * @skip_notify: Skip netlink notifications to user space * @skip_notify_kernel: Skip selected in-kernel notifications */ struct nl_info { struct nlmsghdr *nlh; struct net *nl_net; u32 portid; u8 skip_notify:1, skip_notify_kernel:1; }; /** * enum netlink_validation - netlink message/attribute validation levels * @NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL: Old-style "be liberal" validation, not caring about * extra data at the end of the message, attributes being longer than * they should be, or unknown attributes being present. * @NL_VALIDATE_TRAILING: Reject junk data encountered after attribute parsing. * @NL_VALIDATE_MAXTYPE: Reject attributes > max type; Together with _TRAILING * this is equivalent to the old nla_parse_strict()/nlmsg_parse_strict(). * @NL_VALIDATE_UNSPEC: Reject attributes with NLA_UNSPEC in the policy. * This can safely be set by the kernel when the given policy has no * NLA_UNSPEC anymore, and can thus be used to ensure policy entries * are enforced going forward. * @NL_VALIDATE_STRICT_ATTRS: strict attribute policy parsing (e.g. * U8, U16, U32 must have exact size, etc.) * @NL_VALIDATE_NESTED: Check that NLA_F_NESTED is set for NLA_NESTED(_ARRAY) * and unset for other policies. */ enum netlink_validation { NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL = 0, NL_VALIDATE_TRAILING = BIT(0), NL_VALIDATE_MAXTYPE = BIT(1), NL_VALIDATE_UNSPEC = BIT(2), NL_VALIDATE_STRICT_ATTRS = BIT(3), NL_VALIDATE_NESTED = BIT(4), }; #define NL_VALIDATE_DEPRECATED_STRICT (NL_VALIDATE_TRAILING |\ NL_VALIDATE_MAXTYPE) #define NL_VALIDATE_STRICT (NL_VALIDATE_TRAILING |\ NL_VALIDATE_MAXTYPE |\ NL_VALIDATE_UNSPEC |\ NL_VALIDATE_STRICT_ATTRS |\ NL_VALIDATE_NESTED) int netlink_rcv_skb(struct sk_buff *skb, int (*cb)(struct sk_buff *, struct nlmsghdr *, struct netlink_ext_ack *)); int nlmsg_notify(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, unsigned int group, int report, gfp_t flags); int __nla_validate(const struct nlattr *head, int len, int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, unsigned int validate, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int __nla_parse(struct nlattr **tb, int maxtype, const struct nlattr *head, int len, const struct nla_policy *policy, unsigned int validate, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int nla_policy_len(const struct nla_policy *, int); struct nlattr *nla_find(const struct nlattr *head, int len, int attrtype); size_t nla_strlcpy(char *dst, const struct nlattr *nla, size_t dstsize); char *nla_strdup(const struct nlattr *nla, gfp_t flags); int nla_memcpy(void *dest, const struct nlattr *src, int count); int nla_memcmp(const struct nlattr *nla, const void *data, size_t size); int nla_strcmp(const struct nlattr *nla, const char *str); struct nlattr *__nla_reserve(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen); struct nlattr *__nla_reserve_64bit(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen, int padattr); void *__nla_reserve_nohdr(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrlen); struct nlattr *nla_reserve(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen); struct nlattr *nla_reserve_64bit(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen, int padattr); void *nla_reserve_nohdr(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrlen); void __nla_put(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen, const void *data); void __nla_put_64bit(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen, const void *data, int padattr); void __nla_put_nohdr(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrlen, const void *data); int nla_put(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen, const void *data); int nla_put_64bit(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen, const void *data, int padattr); int nla_put_nohdr(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrlen, const void *data); int nla_append(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrlen, const void *data); /************************************************************************** * Netlink Messages **************************************************************************/ /** * nlmsg_msg_size - length of netlink message not including padding * @payload: length of message payload */ static inline int nlmsg_msg_size(int payload) { return NLMSG_HDRLEN + payload; } /** * nlmsg_total_size - length of netlink message including padding * @payload: length of message payload */ static inline int nlmsg_total_size(int payload) { return NLMSG_ALIGN(nlmsg_msg_size(payload)); } /** * nlmsg_padlen - length of padding at the message's tail * @payload: length of message payload */ static inline int nlmsg_padlen(int payload) { return nlmsg_total_size(payload) - nlmsg_msg_size(payload); } /** * nlmsg_data - head of message payload * @nlh: netlink message header */ static inline void *nlmsg_data(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh) { return (unsigned char *) nlh + NLMSG_HDRLEN; } /** * nlmsg_len - length of message payload * @nlh: netlink message header */ static inline int nlmsg_len(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh) { return nlh->nlmsg_len - NLMSG_HDRLEN; } /** * nlmsg_attrdata - head of attributes data * @nlh: netlink message header * @hdrlen: length of family specific header */ static inline struct nlattr *nlmsg_attrdata(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int hdrlen) { unsigned char *data = nlmsg_data(nlh); return (struct nlattr *) (data + NLMSG_ALIGN(hdrlen)); } /** * nlmsg_attrlen - length of attributes data * @nlh: netlink message header * @hdrlen: length of family specific header */ static inline int nlmsg_attrlen(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int hdrlen) { return nlmsg_len(nlh) - NLMSG_ALIGN(hdrlen); } /** * nlmsg_ok - check if the netlink message fits into the remaining bytes * @nlh: netlink message header * @remaining: number of bytes remaining in message stream */ static inline int nlmsg_ok(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int remaining) { return (remaining >= (int) sizeof(struct nlmsghdr) && nlh->nlmsg_len >= sizeof(struct nlmsghdr) && nlh->nlmsg_len <= remaining); } /** * nlmsg_next - next netlink message in message stream * @nlh: netlink message header * @remaining: number of bytes remaining in message stream * * Returns the next netlink message in the message stream and * decrements remaining by the size of the current message. */ static inline struct nlmsghdr * nlmsg_next(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int *remaining) { int totlen = NLMSG_ALIGN(nlh->nlmsg_len); *remaining -= totlen; return (struct nlmsghdr *) ((unsigned char *) nlh + totlen); } /** * nla_parse - Parse a stream of attributes into a tb buffer * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @head: head of attribute stream * @len: length of attribute stream * @policy: validation policy * @extack: extended ACK pointer * * Parses a stream of attributes and stores a pointer to each attribute in * the tb array accessible via the attribute type. Attributes with a type * exceeding maxtype will be rejected, policy must be specified, attributes * will be validated in the strictest way possible. * * Returns 0 on success or a negative error code. */ static inline int nla_parse(struct nlattr **tb, int maxtype, const struct nlattr *head, int len, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_parse(tb, maxtype, head, len, policy, NL_VALIDATE_STRICT, extack); } /** * nla_parse_deprecated - Parse a stream of attributes into a tb buffer * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @head: head of attribute stream * @len: length of attribute stream * @policy: validation policy * @extack: extended ACK pointer * * Parses a stream of attributes and stores a pointer to each attribute in * the tb array accessible via the attribute type. Attributes with a type * exceeding maxtype will be ignored and attributes from the policy are not * always strictly validated (only for new attributes). * * Returns 0 on success or a negative error code. */ static inline int nla_parse_deprecated(struct nlattr **tb, int maxtype, const struct nlattr *head, int len, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_parse(tb, maxtype, head, len, policy, NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL, extack); } /** * nla_parse_deprecated_strict - Parse a stream of attributes into a tb buffer * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @head: head of attribute stream * @len: length of attribute stream * @policy: validation policy * @extack: extended ACK pointer * * Parses a stream of attributes and stores a pointer to each attribute in * the tb array accessible via the attribute type. Attributes with a type * exceeding maxtype will be rejected as well as trailing data, but the * policy is not completely strictly validated (only for new attributes). * * Returns 0 on success or a negative error code. */ static inline int nla_parse_deprecated_strict(struct nlattr **tb, int maxtype, const struct nlattr *head, int len, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_parse(tb, maxtype, head, len, policy, NL_VALIDATE_DEPRECATED_STRICT, extack); } /** * __nlmsg_parse - parse attributes of a netlink message * @nlh: netlink message header * @hdrlen: length of family specific header * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @policy: validation policy * @validate: validation strictness * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * See nla_parse() */ static inline int __nlmsg_parse(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int hdrlen, struct nlattr *tb[], int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, unsigned int validate, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { if (nlh->nlmsg_len < nlmsg_msg_size(hdrlen)) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG(extack, "Invalid header length"); return -EINVAL; } return __nla_parse(tb, maxtype, nlmsg_attrdata(nlh, hdrlen), nlmsg_attrlen(nlh, hdrlen), policy, validate, extack); } /** * nlmsg_parse - parse attributes of a netlink message * @nlh: netlink message header * @hdrlen: length of family specific header * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * See nla_parse() */ static inline int nlmsg_parse(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int hdrlen, struct nlattr *tb[], int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nlmsg_parse(nlh, hdrlen, tb, maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_STRICT, extack); } /** * nlmsg_parse_deprecated - parse attributes of a netlink message * @nlh: netlink message header * @hdrlen: length of family specific header * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * See nla_parse_deprecated() */ static inline int nlmsg_parse_deprecated(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int hdrlen, struct nlattr *tb[], int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nlmsg_parse(nlh, hdrlen, tb, maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL, extack); } /** * nlmsg_parse_deprecated_strict - parse attributes of a netlink message * @nlh: netlink message header * @hdrlen: length of family specific header * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * See nla_parse_deprecated_strict() */ static inline int nlmsg_parse_deprecated_strict(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int hdrlen, struct nlattr *tb[], int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nlmsg_parse(nlh, hdrlen, tb, maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_DEPRECATED_STRICT, extack); } /** * nlmsg_find_attr - find a specific attribute in a netlink message * @nlh: netlink message header * @hdrlen: length of familiy specific header * @attrtype: type of attribute to look for * * Returns the first attribute which matches the specified type. */ static inline struct nlattr *nlmsg_find_attr(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int hdrlen, int attrtype) { return nla_find(nlmsg_attrdata(nlh, hdrlen), nlmsg_attrlen(nlh, hdrlen), attrtype); } /** * nla_validate_deprecated - Validate a stream of attributes * @head: head of attribute stream * @len: length of attribute stream * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @policy: validation policy * @validate: validation strictness * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * Validates all attributes in the specified attribute stream against the * specified policy. Validation is done in liberal mode. * See documenation of struct nla_policy for more details. * * Returns 0 on success or a negative error code. */ static inline int nla_validate_deprecated(const struct nlattr *head, int len, int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_validate(head, len, maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL, extack); } /** * nla_validate - Validate a stream of attributes * @head: head of attribute stream * @len: length of attribute stream * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @policy: validation policy * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * Validates all attributes in the specified attribute stream against the * specified policy. Validation is done in strict mode. * See documenation of struct nla_policy for more details. * * Returns 0 on success or a negative error code. */ static inline int nla_validate(const struct nlattr *head, int len, int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_validate(head, len, maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_STRICT, extack); } /** * nlmsg_validate_deprecated - validate a netlink message including attributes * @nlh: netlinket message header * @hdrlen: length of familiy specific header * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @policy: validation policy * @extack: extended ACK report struct */ static inline int nlmsg_validate_deprecated(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int hdrlen, int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { if (nlh->nlmsg_len < nlmsg_msg_size(hdrlen)) return -EINVAL; return __nla_validate(nlmsg_attrdata(nlh, hdrlen), nlmsg_attrlen(nlh, hdrlen), maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL, extack); } /** * nlmsg_report - need to report back to application? * @nlh: netlink message header * * Returns 1 if a report back to the application is requested. */ static inline int nlmsg_report(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh) { return !!(nlh->nlmsg_flags & NLM_F_ECHO); } /** * nlmsg_for_each_attr - iterate over a stream of attributes * @pos: loop counter, set to current attribute * @nlh: netlink message header * @hdrlen: length of familiy specific header * @rem: initialized to len, holds bytes currently remaining in stream */ #define nlmsg_for_each_attr(pos, nlh, hdrlen, rem) \ nla_for_each_attr(pos, nlmsg_attrdata(nlh, hdrlen), \ nlmsg_attrlen(nlh, hdrlen), rem) /** * nlmsg_put - Add a new netlink message to an skb * @skb: socket buffer to store message in * @portid: netlink PORTID of requesting application * @seq: sequence number of message * @type: message type * @payload: length of message payload * @flags: message flags * * Returns NULL if the tailroom of the skb is insufficient to store * the message header and payload. */ static inline struct nlmsghdr *nlmsg_put(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, u32 seq, int type, int payload, int flags) { if (unlikely(skb_tailroom(skb) < nlmsg_total_size(payload))) return NULL; return __nlmsg_put(skb, portid, seq, type, payload, flags); } /** * nlmsg_put_answer - Add a new callback based netlink message to an skb * @skb: socket buffer to store message in * @cb: netlink callback * @type: message type * @payload: length of message payload * @flags: message flags * * Returns NULL if the tailroom of the skb is insufficient to store * the message header and payload. */ static inline struct nlmsghdr *nlmsg_put_answer(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb, int type, int payload, int flags) { return nlmsg_put(skb, NETLINK_CB(cb->skb).portid, cb->nlh->nlmsg_seq, type, payload, flags); } /** * nlmsg_new - Allocate a new netlink message * @payload: size of the message payload * @flags: the type of memory to allocate. * * Use NLMSG_DEFAULT_SIZE if the size of the payload isn't known * and a good default is needed. */ static inline struct sk_buff *nlmsg_new(size_t payload, gfp_t flags) { return alloc_skb(nlmsg_total_size(payload), flags); } /** * nlmsg_end - Finalize a netlink message * @skb: socket buffer the message is stored in * @nlh: netlink message header * * Corrects the netlink message header to include the appeneded * attributes. Only necessary if attributes have been added to * the message. */ static inline void nlmsg_end(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nlmsghdr *nlh) { nlh->nlmsg_len = skb_tail_pointer(skb) - (unsigned char *)nlh; } /** * nlmsg_get_pos - return current position in netlink message * @skb: socket buffer the message is stored in * * Returns a pointer to the current tail of the message. */ static inline void *nlmsg_get_pos(struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_tail_pointer(skb); } /** * nlmsg_trim - Trim message to a mark * @skb: socket buffer the message is stored in * @mark: mark to trim to * * Trims the message to the provided mark. */ static inline void nlmsg_trim(struct sk_buff *skb, const void *mark) { if (mark) { WARN_ON((unsigned char *) mark < skb->data); skb_trim(skb, (unsigned char *) mark - skb->data); } } /** * nlmsg_cancel - Cancel construction of a netlink message * @skb: socket buffer the message is stored in * @nlh: netlink message header * * Removes the complete netlink message including all * attributes from the socket buffer again. */ static inline void nlmsg_cancel(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nlmsghdr *nlh) { nlmsg_trim(skb, nlh); } /** * nlmsg_free - free a netlink message * @skb: socket buffer of netlink message */ static inline void nlmsg_free(struct sk_buff *skb) { kfree_skb(skb); } /** * nlmsg_multicast - multicast a netlink message * @sk: netlink socket to spread messages to * @skb: netlink message as socket buffer * @portid: own netlink portid to avoid sending to yourself * @group: multicast group id * @flags: allocation flags */ static inline int nlmsg_multicast(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, unsigned int group, gfp_t flags) { int err; NETLINK_CB(skb).dst_group = group; err = netlink_broadcast(sk, skb, portid, group, flags); if (err > 0) err = 0; return err; } /** * nlmsg_unicast - unicast a netlink message * @sk: netlink socket to spread message to * @skb: netlink message as socket buffer * @portid: netlink portid of the destination socket */ static inline int nlmsg_unicast(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid) { int err; err = netlink_unicast(sk, skb, portid, MSG_DONTWAIT); if (err > 0) err = 0; return err; } /** * nlmsg_for_each_msg - iterate over a stream of messages * @pos: loop counter, set to current message * @head: head of message stream * @len: length of message stream * @rem: initialized to len, holds bytes currently remaining in stream */ #define nlmsg_for_each_msg(pos, head, len, rem) \ for (pos = head, rem = len; \ nlmsg_ok(pos, rem); \ pos = nlmsg_next(pos, &(rem))) /** * nl_dump_check_consistent - check if sequence is consistent and advertise if not * @cb: netlink callback structure that stores the sequence number * @nlh: netlink message header to write the flag to * * This function checks if the sequence (generation) number changed during dump * and if it did, advertises it in the netlink message header. * * The correct way to use it is to set cb->seq to the generation counter when * all locks for dumping have been acquired, and then call this function for * each message that is generated. * * Note that due to initialisation concerns, 0 is an invalid sequence number * and must not be used by code that uses this functionality. */ static inline void nl_dump_check_consistent(struct netlink_callback *cb, struct nlmsghdr *nlh) { if (cb->prev_seq && cb->seq != cb->prev_seq) nlh->nlmsg_flags |= NLM_F_DUMP_INTR; cb->prev_seq = cb->seq; } /************************************************************************** * Netlink Attributes **************************************************************************/ /** * nla_attr_size - length of attribute not including padding * @payload: length of payload */ static inline int nla_attr_size(int payload) { return NLA_HDRLEN + payload; } /** * nla_total_size - total length of attribute including padding * @payload: length of payload */ static inline int nla_total_size(int payload) { return NLA_ALIGN(nla_attr_size(payload)); } /** * nla_padlen - length of padding at the tail of attribute * @payload: length of payload */ static inline int nla_padlen(int payload) { return nla_total_size(payload) - nla_attr_size(payload); } /** * nla_type - attribute type * @nla: netlink attribute */ static inline int nla_type(const struct nlattr *nla) { return nla->nla_type & NLA_TYPE_MASK; } /** * nla_data - head of payload * @nla: netlink attribute */ static inline void *nla_data(const struct nlattr *nla) { return (char *) nla + NLA_HDRLEN; } /** * nla_len - length of payload * @nla: netlink attribute */ static inline int nla_len(const struct nlattr *nla) { return nla->nla_len - NLA_HDRLEN; } /** * nla_ok - check if the netlink attribute fits into the remaining bytes * @nla: netlink attribute * @remaining: number of bytes remaining in attribute stream */ static inline int nla_ok(const struct nlattr *nla, int remaining) { return remaining >= (int) sizeof(*nla) && nla->nla_len >= sizeof(*nla) && nla->nla_len <= remaining; } /** * nla_next - next netlink attribute in attribute stream * @nla: netlink attribute * @remaining: number of bytes remaining in attribute stream * * Returns the next netlink attribute in the attribute stream and * decrements remaining by the size of the current attribute. */ static inline struct nlattr *nla_next(const struct nlattr *nla, int *remaining) { unsigned int totlen = NLA_ALIGN(nla->nla_len); *remaining -= totlen; return (struct nlattr *) ((char *) nla + totlen); } /** * nla_find_nested - find attribute in a set of nested attributes * @nla: attribute containing the nested attributes * @attrtype: type of attribute to look for * * Returns the first attribute which matches the specified type. */ static inline struct nlattr * nla_find_nested(const struct nlattr *nla, int attrtype) { return nla_find(nla_data(nla), nla_len(nla), attrtype); } /** * nla_parse_nested - parse nested attributes * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @nla: attribute containing the nested attributes * @policy: validation policy * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * See nla_parse() */ static inline int nla_parse_nested(struct nlattr *tb[], int maxtype, const struct nlattr *nla, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { if (!(nla->nla_type & NLA_F_NESTED)) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR(extack, nla, "NLA_F_NESTED is missing"); return -EINVAL; } return __nla_parse(tb, maxtype, nla_data(nla), nla_len(nla), policy, NL_VALIDATE_STRICT, extack); } /** * nla_parse_nested_deprecated - parse nested attributes * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @nla: attribute containing the nested attributes * @policy: validation policy * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * See nla_parse_deprecated() */ static inline int nla_parse_nested_deprecated(struct nlattr *tb[], int maxtype, const struct nlattr *nla, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_parse(tb, maxtype, nla_data(nla), nla_len(nla), policy, NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL, extack); } /** * nla_put_u8 - Add a u8 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_u8(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, u8 value) { /* temporary variables to work around GCC PR81715 with asan-stack=1 */ u8 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(u8), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_u16 - Add a u16 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_u16(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, u16 value) { u16 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(u16), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_be16 - Add a __be16 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_be16(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __be16 value) { __be16 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(__be16), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_net16 - Add 16-bit network byte order netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_net16(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __be16 value) { __be16 tmp = value; return nla_put_be16(skb, attrtype | NLA_F_NET_BYTEORDER, tmp); } /** * nla_put_le16 - Add a __le16 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_le16(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __le16 value) { __le16 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(__le16), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_u32 - Add a u32 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_u32(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, u32 value) { u32 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(u32), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_be32 - Add a __be32 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_be32(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __be32 value) { __be32 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(__be32), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_net32 - Add 32-bit network byte order netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_net32(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __be32 value) { __be32 tmp = value; return nla_put_be32(skb, attrtype | NLA_F_NET_BYTEORDER, tmp); } /** * nla_put_le32 - Add a __le32 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_le32(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __le32 value) { __le32 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(__le32), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_u64_64bit - Add a u64 netlink attribute to a skb and align it * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value * @padattr: attribute type for the padding */ static inline int nla_put_u64_64bit(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, u64 value, int padattr) { u64 tmp = value; return nla_put_64bit(skb, attrtype, sizeof(u64), &tmp, padattr); } /** * nla_put_be64 - Add a __be64 netlink attribute to a socket buffer and align it * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value * @padattr: attribute type for the padding */ static inline int nla_put_be64(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __be64 value, int padattr) { __be64 tmp = value; return nla_put_64bit(skb, attrtype, sizeof(__be64), &tmp, padattr); } /** * nla_put_net64 - Add 64-bit network byte order nlattr to a skb and align it * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value * @padattr: attribute type for the padding */ static inline int nla_put_net64(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __be64 value, int padattr) { __be64 tmp = value; return nla_put_be64(skb, attrtype | NLA_F_NET_BYTEORDER, tmp, padattr); } /** * nla_put_le64 - Add a __le64 netlink attribute to a socket buffer and align it * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value * @padattr: attribute type for the padding */ static inline int nla_put_le64(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __le64 value, int padattr) { __le64 tmp = value; return nla_put_64bit(skb, attrtype, sizeof(__le64), &tmp, padattr); } /** * nla_put_s8 - Add a s8 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_s8(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, s8 value) { s8 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(s8), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_s16 - Add a s16 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_s16(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, s16 value) { s16 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(s16), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_s32 - Add a s32 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_s32(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, s32 value) { s32 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(s32), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_s64 - Add a s64 netlink attribute to a socket buffer and align it * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value * @padattr: attribute type for the padding */ static inline int nla_put_s64(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, s64 value, int padattr) { s64 tmp = value; return nla_put_64bit(skb, attrtype, sizeof(s64), &tmp, padattr); } /** * nla_put_string - Add a string netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @str: NUL terminated string */ static inline int nla_put_string(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, const char *str) { return nla_put(skb, attrtype, strlen(str) + 1, str); } /** * nla_put_flag - Add a flag netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type */ static inline int nla_put_flag(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype) { return nla_put(skb, attrtype, 0, NULL); } /** * nla_put_msecs - Add a msecs netlink attribute to a skb and align it * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @njiffies: number of jiffies to convert to msecs * @padattr: attribute type for the padding */ static inline int nla_put_msecs(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, unsigned long njiffies, int padattr) { u64 tmp = jiffies_to_msecs(njiffies); return nla_put_64bit(skb, attrtype, sizeof(u64), &tmp, padattr); } /** * nla_put_in_addr - Add an IPv4 address netlink attribute to a socket * buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @addr: IPv4 address */ static inline int nla_put_in_addr(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __be32 addr) { __be32 tmp = addr; return nla_put_be32(skb, attrtype, tmp); } /** * nla_put_in6_addr - Add an IPv6 address netlink attribute to a socket * buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @addr: IPv6 address */ static inline int nla_put_in6_addr(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, const struct in6_addr *addr) { return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(*addr), addr); } /** * nla_put_bitfield32 - Add a bitfield32 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: value carrying bits * @selector: selector of valid bits */ static inline int nla_put_bitfield32(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __u32 value, __u32 selector) { struct nla_bitfield32 tmp = { value, selector, }; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(tmp), &tmp); } /** * nla_get_u32 - return payload of u32 attribute * @nla: u32 netlink attribute */ static inline u32 nla_get_u32(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(u32 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_be32 - return payload of __be32 attribute * @nla: __be32 netlink attribute */ static inline __be32 nla_get_be32(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(__be32 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_le32 - return payload of __le32 attribute * @nla: __le32 netlink attribute */ static inline __le32 nla_get_le32(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(__le32 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_u16 - return payload of u16 attribute * @nla: u16 netlink attribute */ static inline u16 nla_get_u16(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(u16 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_be16 - return payload of __be16 attribute * @nla: __be16 netlink attribute */ static inline __be16 nla_get_be16(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(__be16 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_le16 - return payload of __le16 attribute * @nla: __le16 netlink attribute */ static inline __le16 nla_get_le16(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(__le16 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_u8 - return payload of u8 attribute * @nla: u8 netlink attribute */ static inline u8 nla_get_u8(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(u8 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_u64 - return payload of u64 attribute * @nla: u64 netlink attribute */ static inline u64 nla_get_u64(const struct nlattr *nla) { u64 tmp; nla_memcpy(&tmp, nla, sizeof(tmp)); return tmp; } /** * nla_get_be64 - return payload of __be64 attribute * @nla: __be64 netlink attribute */ static inline __be64 nla_get_be64(const struct nlattr *nla) { __be64 tmp; nla_memcpy(&tmp, nla, sizeof(tmp)); return tmp; } /** * nla_get_le64 - return payload of __le64 attribute * @nla: __le64 netlink attribute */ static inline __le64 nla_get_le64(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(__le64 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_s32 - return payload of s32 attribute * @nla: s32 netlink attribute */ static inline s32 nla_get_s32(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(s32 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_s16 - return payload of s16 attribute * @nla: s16 netlink attribute */ static inline s16 nla_get_s16(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(s16 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_s8 - return payload of s8 attribute * @nla: s8 netlink attribute */ static inline s8 nla_get_s8(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(s8 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_s64 - return payload of s64 attribute * @nla: s64 netlink attribute */ static inline s64 nla_get_s64(const struct nlattr *nla) { s64 tmp; nla_memcpy(&tmp, nla, sizeof(tmp)); return tmp; } /** * nla_get_flag - return payload of flag attribute * @nla: flag netlink attribute */ static inline int nla_get_flag(const struct nlattr *nla) { return !!nla; } /** * nla_get_msecs - return payload of msecs attribute * @nla: msecs netlink attribute * * Returns the number of milliseconds in jiffies. */ static inline unsigned long nla_get_msecs(const struct nlattr *nla) { u64 msecs = nla_get_u64(nla); return msecs_to_jiffies((unsigned long) msecs); } /** * nla_get_in_addr - return payload of IPv4 address attribute * @nla: IPv4 address netlink attribute */ static inline __be32 nla_get_in_addr(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(__be32 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_in6_addr - return payload of IPv6 address attribute * @nla: IPv6 address netlink attribute */ static inline struct in6_addr nla_get_in6_addr(const struct nlattr *nla) { struct in6_addr tmp; nla_memcpy(&tmp, nla, sizeof(tmp)); return tmp; } /** * nla_get_bitfield32 - return payload of 32 bitfield attribute * @nla: nla_bitfield32 attribute */ static inline struct nla_bitfield32 nla_get_bitfield32(const struct nlattr *nla) { struct nla_bitfield32 tmp; nla_memcpy(&tmp, nla, sizeof(tmp)); return tmp; } /** * nla_memdup - duplicate attribute memory (kmemdup) * @src: netlink attribute to duplicate from * @gfp: GFP mask */ static inline void *nla_memdup(const struct nlattr *src, gfp_t gfp) { return kmemdup(nla_data(src), nla_len(src), gfp); } /** * nla_nest_start_noflag - Start a new level of nested attributes * @skb: socket buffer to add attributes to * @attrtype: attribute type of container * * This function exists for backward compatibility to use in APIs which never * marked their nest attributes with NLA_F_NESTED flag. New APIs should use * nla_nest_start() which sets the flag. * * Returns the container attribute or NULL on error */ static inline struct nlattr *nla_nest_start_noflag(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype) { struct nlattr *start = (struct nlattr *)skb_tail_pointer(skb); if (nla_put(skb, attrtype, 0, NULL) < 0) return NULL; return start; } /** * nla_nest_start - Start a new level of nested attributes, with NLA_F_NESTED * @skb: socket buffer to add attributes to * @attrtype: attribute type of container * * Unlike nla_nest_start_noflag(), mark the nest attribute with NLA_F_NESTED * flag. This is the preferred function to use in new code. * * Returns the container attribute or NULL on error */ static inline struct nlattr *nla_nest_start(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype) { return nla_nest_start_noflag(skb, attrtype | NLA_F_NESTED); } /** * nla_nest_end - Finalize nesting of attributes * @skb: socket buffer the attributes are stored in * @start: container attribute * * Corrects the container attribute header to include the all * appeneded attributes. * * Returns the total data length of the skb. */ static inline int nla_nest_end(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nlattr *start) { start->nla_len = skb_tail_pointer(skb) - (unsigned char *)start; return skb->len; } /** * nla_nest_cancel - Cancel nesting of attributes * @skb: socket buffer the message is stored in * @start: container attribute * * Removes the container attribute and including all nested * attributes. Returns -EMSGSIZE */ static inline void nla_nest_cancel(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nlattr *start) { nlmsg_trim(skb, start); } /** * __nla_validate_nested - Validate a stream of nested attributes * @start: container attribute * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @policy: validation policy * @validate: validation strictness * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * Validates all attributes in the nested attribute stream against the * specified policy. Attributes with a type exceeding maxtype will be * ignored. See documenation of struct nla_policy for more details. * * Returns 0 on success or a negative error code. */ static inline int __nla_validate_nested(const struct nlattr *start, int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, unsigned int validate, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_validate(nla_data(start), nla_len(start), maxtype, policy, validate, extack); } static inline int nla_validate_nested(const struct nlattr *start, int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_validate_nested(start, maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_STRICT, extack); } static inline int nla_validate_nested_deprecated(const struct nlattr *start, int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_validate_nested(start, maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL, extack); } /** * nla_need_padding_for_64bit - test 64-bit alignment of the next attribute * @skb: socket buffer the message is stored in * * Return true if padding is needed to align the next attribute (nla_data()) to * a 64-bit aligned area. */ static inline bool nla_need_padding_for_64bit(struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS /* The nlattr header is 4 bytes in size, that's why we test * if the skb->data _is_ aligned. A NOP attribute, plus * nlattr header for next attribute, will make nla_data() * 8-byte aligned. */ if (IS_ALIGNED((unsigned long)skb_tail_pointer(skb), 8)) return true; #endif return false; } /** * nla_align_64bit - 64-bit align the nla_data() of next attribute * @skb: socket buffer the message is stored in * @padattr: attribute type for the padding * * Conditionally emit a padding netlink attribute in order to make * the next attribute we emit have a 64-bit aligned nla_data() area. * This will only be done in architectures which do not have * CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS defined. * * Returns zero on success or a negative error code. */ static inline int nla_align_64bit(struct sk_buff *skb, int padattr) { if (nla_need_padding_for_64bit(skb) && !nla_reserve(skb, padattr, 0)) return -EMSGSIZE; return 0; } /** * nla_total_size_64bit - total length of attribute including padding * @payload: length of payload */ static inline int nla_total_size_64bit(int payload) { return NLA_ALIGN(nla_attr_size(payload)) #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS + NLA_ALIGN(nla_attr_size(0)) #endif ; } /** * nla_for_each_attr - iterate over a stream of attributes * @pos: loop counter, set to current attribute * @head: head of attribute stream * @len: length of attribute stream * @rem: initialized to len, holds bytes currently remaining in stream */ #define nla_for_each_attr(pos, head, len, rem) \ for (pos = head, rem = len; \ nla_ok(pos, rem); \ pos = nla_next(pos, &(rem))) /** * nla_for_each_nested - iterate over nested attributes * @pos: loop counter, set to current attribute * @nla: attribute containing the nested attributes * @rem: initialized to len, holds bytes currently remaining in stream */ #define nla_for_each_nested(pos, nla, rem) \ nla_for_each_attr(pos, nla_data(nla), nla_len(nla), rem) /** * nla_is_last - Test if attribute is last in stream * @nla: attribute to test * @rem: bytes remaining in stream */ static inline bool nla_is_last(const struct nlattr *nla, int rem) { return nla->nla_len == rem; } void nla_get_range_unsigned(const struct nla_policy *pt, struct netlink_range_validation *range); void nla_get_range_signed(const struct nla_policy *pt, struct netlink_range_validation_signed *range); struct netlink_policy_dump_state; int netlink_policy_dump_add_policy(struct netlink_policy_dump_state **pstate, const struct nla_policy *policy, unsigned int maxtype); int netlink_policy_dump_get_policy_idx(struct netlink_policy_dump_state *state, const struct nla_policy *policy, unsigned int maxtype); bool netlink_policy_dump_loop(struct netlink_policy_dump_state *state); int netlink_policy_dump_write(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_policy_dump_state *state); int netlink_policy_dump_attr_size_estimate(const struct nla_policy *pt); int netlink_policy_dump_write_attr(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct nla_policy *pt, int nestattr); void netlink_policy_dump_free(struct netlink_policy_dump_state *state); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Definitions of structures and functions for quota formats using trie */ #ifndef _LINUX_DQBLK_QTREE_H #define _LINUX_DQBLK_QTREE_H #include <linux/types.h> /* Numbers of blocks needed for updates - we count with the smallest * possible block size (1024) */ #define QTREE_INIT_ALLOC 4 #define QTREE_INIT_REWRITE 2 #define QTREE_DEL_ALLOC 0 #define QTREE_DEL_REWRITE 6 struct dquot; struct kqid; /* Operations */ struct qtree_fmt_operations { void (*mem2disk_dqblk)(void *disk, struct dquot *dquot); /* Convert given entry from in memory format to disk one */ void (*disk2mem_dqblk)(struct dquot *dquot, void *disk); /* Convert given entry from disk format to in memory one */ int (*is_id)(void *disk, struct dquot *dquot); /* Is this structure for given id? */ }; /* Inmemory copy of version specific information */ struct qtree_mem_dqinfo { struct super_block *dqi_sb; /* Sb quota is on */ int dqi_type; /* Quota type */ unsigned int dqi_blocks; /* # of blocks in quota file */ unsigned int dqi_free_blk; /* First block in list of free blocks */ unsigned int dqi_free_entry; /* First block with free entry */ unsigned int dqi_blocksize_bits; /* Block size of quota file */ unsigned int dqi_entry_size; /* Size of quota entry in quota file */ unsigned int dqi_usable_bs; /* Space usable in block for quota data */ unsigned int dqi_qtree_depth; /* Precomputed depth of quota tree */ const struct qtree_fmt_operations *dqi_ops; /* Operations for entry manipulation */ }; int qtree_write_dquot(struct qtree_mem_dqinfo *info, struct dquot *dquot); int qtree_read_dquot(struct qtree_mem_dqinfo *info, struct dquot *dquot); int qtree_delete_dquot(struct qtree_mem_dqinfo *info, struct dquot *dquot); int qtree_release_dquot(struct qtree_mem_dqinfo *info, struct dquot *dquot); int qtree_entry_unused(struct qtree_mem_dqinfo *info, char *disk); static inline int qtree_depth(struct qtree_mem_dqinfo *info) { unsigned int epb = info->dqi_usable_bs >> 2; unsigned long long entries = epb; int i; for (i = 1; entries < (1ULL << 32); i++) entries *= epb; return i; } int qtree_get_next_id(struct qtree_mem_dqinfo *info, struct kqid *qid); #endif /* _LINUX_DQBLK_QTREE_H */
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * mm/readahead.c - address_space-level file readahead. * * Copyright (C) 2002, Linus Torvalds * * 09Apr2002 Andrew Morton * Initial version. */ #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/dax.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/backing-dev.h> #include <linux/task_io_accounting_ops.h> #include <linux/pagevec.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/mm_inline.h> #include <linux/blk-cgroup.h> #include <linux/fadvise.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include "internal.h" /* * Initialise a struct file's readahead state. Assumes that the caller has * memset *ra to zero. */ void file_ra_state_init(struct file_ra_state *ra, struct address_space *mapping) { ra->ra_pages = inode_to_bdi(mapping->host)->ra_pages; ra->prev_pos = -1; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(file_ra_state_init); /* * see if a page needs releasing upon read_cache_pages() failure * - the caller of read_cache_pages() may have set PG_private or PG_fscache * before calling, such as the NFS fs marking pages that are cached locally * on disk, thus we need to give the fs a chance to clean up in the event of * an error */ static void read_cache_pages_invalidate_page(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page) { if (page_has_private(page)) { if (!trylock_page(page)) BUG(); page->mapping = mapping; do_invalidatepage(page, 0, PAGE_SIZE); page->mapping = NULL; unlock_page(page); } put_page(page); } /* * release a list of pages, invalidating them first if need be */ static void read_cache_pages_invalidate_pages(struct address_space *mapping, struct list_head *pages) { struct page *victim; while (!list_empty(pages)) { victim = lru_to_page(pages); list_del(&victim->lru); read_cache_pages_invalidate_page(mapping, victim); } } /** * read_cache_pages - populate an address space with some pages & start reads against them * @mapping: the address_space * @pages: The address of a list_head which contains the target pages. These * pages have their ->index populated and are otherwise uninitialised. * @filler: callback routine for filling a single page. * @data: private data for the callback routine. * * Hides the details of the LRU cache etc from the filesystems. * * Returns: %0 on success, error return by @filler otherwise */ int read_cache_pages(struct address_space *mapping, struct list_head *pages, int (*filler)(void *, struct page *), void *data) { struct page *page; int ret = 0; while (!list_empty(pages)) { page = lru_to_page(pages); list_del(&page->lru); if (add_to_page_cache_lru(page, mapping, page->index, readahead_gfp_mask(mapping))) { read_cache_pages_invalidate_page(mapping, page); continue; } put_page(page); ret = filler(data, page); if (unlikely(ret)) { read_cache_pages_invalidate_pages(mapping, pages); break; } task_io_account_read(PAGE_SIZE); } return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(read_cache_pages); static void read_pages(struct readahead_control *rac, struct list_head *pages, bool skip_page) { const struct address_space_operations *aops = rac->mapping->a_ops; struct page *page; struct blk_plug plug; if (!readahead_count(rac)) goto out; blk_start_plug(&plug); if (aops->readahead) { aops->readahead(rac); /* Clean up the remaining pages */ while ((page = readahead_page(rac))) { unlock_page(page); put_page(page); } } else if (aops->readpages) { aops->readpages(rac->file, rac->mapping, pages, readahead_count(rac)); /* Clean up the remaining pages */ put_pages_list(pages); rac->_index += rac->_nr_pages; rac->_nr_pages = 0; } else { while ((page = readahead_page(rac))) { aops->readpage(rac->file, page); put_page(page); } } blk_finish_plug(&plug); BUG_ON(!list_empty(pages)); BUG_ON(readahead_count(rac)); out: if (skip_page) rac->_index++; } /** * page_cache_ra_unbounded - Start unchecked readahead. * @ractl: Readahead control. * @nr_to_read: The number of pages to read. * @lookahead_size: Where to start the next readahead. * * This function is for filesystems to call when they want to start * readahead beyond a file's stated i_size. This is almost certainly * not the function you want to call. Use page_cache_async_readahead() * or page_cache_sync_readahead() instead. * * Context: File is referenced by caller. Mutexes may be held by caller. * May sleep, but will not reenter filesystem to reclaim memory. */ void page_cache_ra_unbounded(struct readahead_control *ractl, unsigned long nr_to_read, unsigned long lookahead_size) { struct address_space *mapping = ractl->mapping; unsigned long index = readahead_index(ractl); LIST_HEAD(page_pool); gfp_t gfp_mask = readahead_gfp_mask(mapping); unsigned long i; /* * Partway through the readahead operation, we will have added * locked pages to the page cache, but will not yet have submitted * them for I/O. Adding another page may need to allocate memory, * which can trigger memory reclaim. Telling the VM we're in * the middle of a filesystem operation will cause it to not * touch file-backed pages, preventing a deadlock. Most (all?) * filesystems already specify __GFP_NOFS in their mapping's * gfp_mask, but let's be explicit here. */ unsigned int nofs = memalloc_nofs_save(); /* * Preallocate as many pages as we will need. */ for (i = 0; i < nr_to_read; i++) { struct page *page = xa_load(&mapping->i_pages, index + i); BUG_ON(index + i != ractl->_index + ractl->_nr_pages); if (page && !xa_is_value(page)) { /* * Page already present? Kick off the current batch * of contiguous pages before continuing with the * next batch. This page may be the one we would * have intended to mark as Readahead, but we don't * have a stable reference to this page, and it's * not worth getting one just for that. */ read_pages(ractl, &page_pool, true); continue; } page = __page_cache_alloc(gfp_mask); if (!page) break; if (mapping->a_ops->readpages) { page->index = index + i; list_add(&page->lru, &page_pool); } else if (add_to_page_cache_lru(page, mapping, index + i, gfp_mask) < 0) { put_page(page); read_pages(ractl, &page_pool, true); continue; } if (i == nr_to_read - lookahead_size) SetPageReadahead(page); ractl->_nr_pages++; } /* * Now start the IO. We ignore I/O errors - if the page is not * uptodate then the caller will launch readpage again, and * will then handle the error. */ read_pages(ractl, &page_pool, false); memalloc_nofs_restore(nofs); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(page_cache_ra_unbounded); /* * do_page_cache_ra() actually reads a chunk of disk. It allocates * the pages first, then submits them for I/O. This avoids the very bad * behaviour which would occur if page allocations are causing VM writeback. * We really don't want to intermingle reads and writes like that. */ void do_page_cache_ra(struct readahead_control *ractl, unsigned long nr_to_read, unsigned long lookahead_size) { struct inode *inode = ractl->mapping->host; unsigned long index = readahead_index(ractl); loff_t isize = i_size_read(inode); pgoff_t end_index; /* The last page we want to read */ if (isize == 0) return; end_index = (isize - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (index > end_index) return; /* Don't read past the page containing the last byte of the file */ if (nr_to_read > end_index - index) nr_to_read = end_index - index + 1; page_cache_ra_unbounded(ractl, nr_to_read, lookahead_size); } /* * Chunk the readahead into 2 megabyte units, so that we don't pin too much * memory at once. */ void force_page_cache_ra(struct readahead_control *ractl, struct file_ra_state *ra, unsigned long nr_to_read) { struct address_space *mapping = ractl->mapping; struct backing_dev_info *bdi = inode_to_bdi(mapping->host); unsigned long max_pages, index; if (unlikely(!mapping->a_ops->readpage && !mapping->a_ops->readpages && !mapping->a_ops->readahead)) return; /* * If the request exceeds the readahead window, allow the read to * be up to the optimal hardware IO size */ index = readahead_index(ractl); max_pages = max_t(unsigned long, bdi->io_pages, ra->ra_pages); nr_to_read = min_t(unsigned long, nr_to_read, max_pages); while (nr_to_read) { unsigned long this_chunk = (2 * 1024 * 1024) / PAGE_SIZE; if (this_chunk > nr_to_read) this_chunk = nr_to_read; ractl->_index = index; do_page_cache_ra(ractl, this_chunk, 0); index += this_chunk; nr_to_read -= this_chunk; } } /* * Set the initial window size, round to next power of 2 and square * for small size, x 4 for medium, and x 2 for large * for 128k (32 page) max ra * 1-8 page = 32k initial, > 8 page = 128k initial */ static unsigned long get_init_ra_size(unsigned long size, unsigned long max) { unsigned long newsize = roundup_pow_of_two(size); if (newsize <= max / 32) newsize = newsize * 4; else if (newsize <= max / 4) newsize = newsize * 2; else newsize = max; return newsize; } /* * Get the previous window size, ramp it up, and * return it as the new window size. */ static unsigned long get_next_ra_size(struct file_ra_state *ra, unsigned long max) { unsigned long cur = ra->size; if (cur < max / 16) return 4 * cur; if (cur <= max / 2) return 2 * cur; return max; } /* * On-demand readahead design. * * The fields in struct file_ra_state represent the most-recently-executed * readahead attempt: * * |<----- async_size ---------| * |------------------- size -------------------->| * |==================#===========================| * ^start ^page marked with PG_readahead * * To overlap application thinking time and disk I/O time, we do * `readahead pipelining': Do not wait until the application consumed all * readahead pages and stalled on the missing page at readahead_index; * Instead, submit an asynchronous readahead I/O as soon as there are * only async_size pages left in the readahead window. Normally async_size * will be equal to size, for maximum pipelining. * * In interleaved sequential reads, concurrent streams on the same fd can * be invalidating each other's readahead state. So we flag the new readahead * page at (start+size-async_size) with PG_readahead, and use it as readahead * indicator. The flag won't be set on already cached pages, to avoid the * readahead-for-nothing fuss, saving pointless page cache lookups. * * prev_pos tracks the last visited byte in the _previous_ read request. * It should be maintained by the caller, and will be used for detecting * small random reads. Note that the readahead algorithm checks loosely * for sequential patterns. Hence interleaved reads might be served as * sequential ones. * * There is a special-case: if the first page which the application tries to * read happens to be the first page of the file, it is assumed that a linear * read is about to happen and the window is immediately set to the initial size * based on I/O request size and the max_readahead. * * The code ramps up the readahead size aggressively at first, but slow down as * it approaches max_readhead. */ /* * Count contiguously cached pages from @index-1 to @index-@max, * this count is a conservative estimation of * - length of the sequential read sequence, or * - thrashing threshold in memory tight systems */ static pgoff_t count_history_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, unsigned long max) { pgoff_t head; rcu_read_lock(); head = page_cache_prev_miss(mapping, index - 1, max); rcu_read_unlock(); return index - 1 - head; } /* * page cache context based read-ahead */ static int try_context_readahead(struct address_space *mapping, struct file_ra_state *ra, pgoff_t index, unsigned long req_size, unsigned long max) { pgoff_t size; size = count_history_pages(mapping, index, max); /* * not enough history pages: * it could be a random read */ if (size <= req_size) return 0; /* * starts from beginning of file: * it is a strong indication of long-run stream (or whole-file-read) */ if (size >= index) size *= 2; ra->start = index; ra->size = min(size + req_size, max); ra->async_size = 1; return 1; } /* * A minimal readahead algorithm for trivial sequential/random reads. */ static void ondemand_readahead(struct readahead_control *ractl, struct file_ra_state *ra, bool hit_readahead_marker, unsigned long req_size) { struct backing_dev_info *bdi = inode_to_bdi(ractl->mapping->host); unsigned long max_pages = ra->ra_pages; unsigned long add_pages; unsigned long index = readahead_index(ractl); pgoff_t prev_index; /* * If the request exceeds the readahead window, allow the read to * be up to the optimal hardware IO size */ if (req_size > max_pages && bdi->io_pages > max_pages) max_pages = min(req_size, bdi->io_pages); /* * start of file */ if (!index) goto initial_readahead; /* * It's the expected callback index, assume sequential access. * Ramp up sizes, and push forward the readahead window. */ if ((index == (ra->start + ra->size - ra->async_size) || index == (ra->start + ra->size))) { ra->start += ra->size; ra->size = get_next_ra_size(ra, max_pages); ra->async_size = ra->size; goto readit; } /* * Hit a marked page without valid readahead state. * E.g. interleaved reads. * Query the pagecache for async_size, which normally equals to * readahead size. Ramp it up and use it as the new readahead size. */ if (hit_readahead_marker) { pgoff_t start; rcu_read_lock(); start = page_cache_next_miss(ractl->mapping, index + 1, max_pages); rcu_read_unlock(); if (!start || start - index > max_pages) return; ra->start = start; ra->size = start - index; /* old async_size */ ra->size += req_size; ra->size = get_next_ra_size(ra, max_pages); ra->async_size = ra->size; goto readit; } /* * oversize read */ if (req_size > max_pages) goto initial_readahead; /* * sequential cache miss * trivial case: (index - prev_index) == 1 * unaligned reads: (index - prev_index) == 0 */ prev_index = (unsigned long long)ra->prev_pos >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (index - prev_index <= 1UL) goto initial_readahead; /* * Query the page cache and look for the traces(cached history pages) * that a sequential stream would leave behind. */ if (try_context_readahead(ractl->mapping, ra, index, req_size, max_pages)) goto readit; /* * standalone, small random read * Read as is, and do not pollute the readahead state. */ do_page_cache_ra(ractl, req_size, 0); return; initial_readahead: ra->start = index; ra->size = get_init_ra_size(req_size, max_pages); ra->async_size = ra->size > req_size ? ra->size - req_size : ra->size; readit: /* * Will this read hit the readahead marker made by itself? * If so, trigger the readahead marker hit now, and merge * the resulted next readahead window into the current one. * Take care of maximum IO pages as above. */ if (index == ra->start && ra->size == ra->async_size) { add_pages = get_next_ra_size(ra, max_pages); if (ra->size + add_pages <= max_pages) { ra->async_size = add_pages; ra->size += add_pages; } else { ra->size = max_pages; ra->async_size = max_pages >> 1; } } ractl->_index = ra->start; do_page_cache_ra(ractl, ra->size, ra->async_size); } void page_cache_sync_ra(struct readahead_control *ractl, struct file_ra_state *ra, unsigned long req_count) { bool do_forced_ra = ractl->file && (ractl->file->f_mode & FMODE_RANDOM); /* * Even if read-ahead is disabled, issue this request as read-ahead * as we'll need it to satisfy the requested range. The forced * read-ahead will do the right thing and limit the read to just the * requested range, which we'll set to 1 page for this case. */ if (!ra->ra_pages || blk_cgroup_congested()) { if (!ractl->file) return; req_count = 1; do_forced_ra = true; } /* be dumb */ if (do_forced_ra) { force_page_cache_ra(ractl, ra, req_count); return; } /* do read-ahead */ ondemand_readahead(ractl, ra, false, req_count); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(page_cache_sync_ra); void page_cache_async_ra(struct readahead_control *ractl, struct file_ra_state *ra, struct page *page, unsigned long req_count) { /* no read-ahead */ if (!ra->ra_pages) return; /* * Same bit is used for PG_readahead and PG_reclaim. */ if (PageWriteback(page)) return; ClearPageReadahead(page); /* * Defer asynchronous read-ahead on IO congestion. */ if (inode_read_congested(ractl->mapping->host)) return; if (blk_cgroup_congested()) return; /* do read-ahead */ ondemand_readahead(ractl, ra, true, req_count); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(page_cache_async_ra); ssize_t ksys_readahead(int fd, loff_t offset, size_t count) { ssize_t ret; struct fd f; ret = -EBADF; f = fdget(fd); if (!f.file || !(f.file->f_mode & FMODE_READ)) goto out; /* * The readahead() syscall is intended to run only on files * that can execute readahead. If readahead is not possible * on this file, then we must return -EINVAL. */ ret = -EINVAL; if (!f.file->f_mapping || !f.file->f_mapping->a_ops || !S_ISREG(file_inode(f.file)->i_mode)) goto out; ret = vfs_fadvise(f.file, offset, count, POSIX_FADV_WILLNEED); out: fdput(f); return ret; } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(readahead, int, fd, loff_t, offset, size_t, count) { return ksys_readahead(fd, offset, count); }
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2418 2419 2420 2421 2422 2423 2424 2425 2426 2427 2428 2429 2430 2431 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later /* * fs/eventpoll.c (Efficient event retrieval implementation) * Copyright (C) 2001,...,2009 Davide Libenzi * * Davide Libenzi <davidel@xmailserver.org> */ #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/signal.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/poll.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/hash.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/eventpoll.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/anon_inodes.h> #include <linux/device.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/io.h> #include <asm/mman.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/proc_fs.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/compat.h> #include <linux/rculist.h> #include <net/busy_poll.h> /* * LOCKING: * There are three level of locking required by epoll : * * 1) epmutex (mutex) * 2) ep->mtx (mutex) * 3) ep->lock (rwlock) * * The acquire order is the one listed above, from 1 to 3. * We need a rwlock (ep->lock) because we manipulate objects * from inside the poll callback, that might be triggered from * a wake_up() that in turn might be called from IRQ context. * So we can't sleep inside the poll callback and hence we need * a spinlock. During the event transfer loop (from kernel to * user space) we could end up sleeping due a copy_to_user(), so * we need a lock that will allow us to sleep. This lock is a * mutex (ep->mtx). It is acquired during the event transfer loop, * during epoll_ctl(EPOLL_CTL_DEL) and during eventpoll_release_file(). * Then we also need a global mutex to serialize eventpoll_release_file() * and ep_free(). * This mutex is acquired by ep_free() during the epoll file * cleanup path and it is also acquired by eventpoll_release_file() * if a file has been pushed inside an epoll set and it is then * close()d without a previous call to epoll_ctl(EPOLL_CTL_DEL). * It is also acquired when inserting an epoll fd onto another epoll * fd. We do this so that we walk the epoll tree and ensure that this * insertion does not create a cycle of epoll file descriptors, which * could lead to deadlock. We need a global mutex to prevent two * simultaneous inserts (A into B and B into A) from racing and * constructing a cycle without either insert observing that it is * going to. * It is necessary to acquire multiple "ep->mtx"es at once in the * case when one epoll fd is added to another. In this case, we * always acquire the locks in the order of nesting (i.e. after * epoll_ctl(e1, EPOLL_CTL_ADD, e2), e1->mtx will always be acquired * before e2->mtx). Since we disallow cycles of epoll file * descriptors, this ensures that the mutexes are well-ordered. In * order to communicate this nesting to lockdep, when walking a tree * of epoll file descriptors, we use the current recursion depth as * the lockdep subkey. * It is possible to drop the "ep->mtx" and to use the global * mutex "epmutex" (together with "ep->lock") to have it working, * but having "ep->mtx" will make the interface more scalable. * Events that require holding "epmutex" are very rare, while for * normal operations the epoll private "ep->mtx" will guarantee * a better scalability. */ /* Epoll private bits inside the event mask */ #define EP_PRIVATE_BITS (EPOLLWAKEUP | EPOLLONESHOT | EPOLLET | EPOLLEXCLUSIVE) #define EPOLLINOUT_BITS (EPOLLIN | EPOLLOUT) #define EPOLLEXCLUSIVE_OK_BITS (EPOLLINOUT_BITS | EPOLLERR | EPOLLHUP | \ EPOLLWAKEUP | EPOLLET | EPOLLEXCLUSIVE) /* Maximum number of nesting allowed inside epoll sets */ #define EP_MAX_NESTS 4 #define EP_MAX_EVENTS (INT_MAX / sizeof(struct epoll_event)) #define EP_UNACTIVE_PTR ((void *) -1L) #define EP_ITEM_COST (sizeof(struct epitem) + sizeof(struct eppoll_entry)) struct epoll_filefd { struct file *file; int fd; } __packed; /* * Structure used to track possible nested calls, for too deep recursions * and loop cycles. */ struct nested_call_node { struct list_head llink; void *cookie; void *ctx; }; /* * This structure is used as collector for nested calls, to check for * maximum recursion dept and loop cycles. */ struct nested_calls { struct list_head tasks_call_list; spinlock_t lock; }; /* * Each file descriptor added to the eventpoll interface will * have an entry of this type linked to the "rbr" RB tree. * Avoid increasing the size of this struct, there can be many thousands * of these on a server and we do not want this to take another cache line. */ struct epitem { union { /* RB tree node links this structure to the eventpoll RB tree */ struct rb_node rbn; /* Used to free the struct epitem */ struct rcu_head rcu; }; /* List header used to link this structure to the eventpoll ready list */ struct list_head rdllink; /* * Works together "struct eventpoll"->ovflist in keeping the * single linked chain of items. */ struct epitem *next; /* The file descriptor information this item refers to */ struct epoll_filefd ffd; /* Number of active wait queue attached to poll operations */ int nwait; /* List containing poll wait queues */ struct list_head pwqlist; /* The "container" of this item */ struct eventpoll *ep; /* List header used to link this item to the "struct file" items list */ struct list_head fllink; /* wakeup_source used when EPOLLWAKEUP is set */ struct wakeup_source __rcu *ws; /* The structure that describe the interested events and the source fd */ struct epoll_event event; }; /* * This structure is stored inside the "private_data" member of the file * structure and represents the main data structure for the eventpoll * interface. */ struct eventpoll { /* * This mutex is used to ensure that files are not removed * while epoll is using them. This is held during the event * collection loop, the file cleanup path, the epoll file exit * code and the ctl operations. */ struct mutex mtx; /* Wait queue used by sys_epoll_wait() */ wait_queue_head_t wq; /* Wait queue used by file->poll() */ wait_queue_head_t poll_wait; /* List of ready file descriptors */ struct list_head rdllist; /* Lock which protects rdllist and ovflist */ rwlock_t lock; /* RB tree root used to store monitored fd structs */ struct rb_root_cached rbr; /* * This is a single linked list that chains all the "struct epitem" that * happened while transferring ready events to userspace w/out * holding ->lock. */ struct epitem *ovflist; /* wakeup_source used when ep_scan_ready_list is running */ struct wakeup_source *ws; /* The user that created the eventpoll descriptor */ struct user_struct *user; struct file *file; /* used to optimize loop detection check */ u64 gen; #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL /* used to track busy poll napi_id */ unsigned int napi_id; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC /* tracks wakeup nests for lockdep validation */ u8 nests; #endif }; /* Wait structure used by the poll hooks */ struct eppoll_entry { /* List header used to link this structure to the "struct epitem" */ struct list_head llink; /* The "base" pointer is set to the container "struct epitem" */ struct epitem *base; /* * Wait queue item that will be linked to the target file wait * queue head. */ wait_queue_entry_t wait; /* The wait queue head that linked the "wait" wait queue item */ wait_queue_head_t *whead; }; /* Wrapper struct used by poll queueing */ struct ep_pqueue { poll_table pt; struct epitem *epi; }; /* Used by the ep_send_events() function as callback private data */ struct ep_send_events_data { int maxevents; struct epoll_event __user *events; int res; }; /* * Configuration options available inside /proc/sys/fs/epoll/ */ /* Maximum number of epoll watched descriptors, per user */ static long max_user_watches __read_mostly; /* * This mutex is used to serialize ep_free() and eventpoll_release_file(). */ static DEFINE_MUTEX(epmutex); static u64 loop_check_gen = 0; /* Used to check for epoll file descriptor inclusion loops */ static struct nested_calls poll_loop_ncalls; /* Slab cache used to allocate "struct epitem" */ static struct kmem_cache *epi_cache __read_mostly; /* Slab cache used to allocate "struct eppoll_entry" */ static struct kmem_cache *pwq_cache __read_mostly; /* * List of files with newly added links, where we may need to limit the number * of emanating paths. Protected by the epmutex. */ static LIST_HEAD(tfile_check_list); #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL #include <linux/sysctl.h> static long long_zero; static long long_max = LONG_MAX; struct ctl_table epoll_table[] = { { .procname = "max_user_watches", .data = &max_user_watches, .maxlen = sizeof(max_user_watches), .mode = 0644, .proc_handler = proc_doulongvec_minmax, .extra1 = &long_zero, .extra2 = &long_max, }, { } }; #endif /* CONFIG_SYSCTL */ static const struct file_operations eventpoll_fops; static inline int is_file_epoll(struct file *f) { return f->f_op == &eventpoll_fops; } /* Setup the structure that is used as key for the RB tree */ static inline void ep_set_ffd(struct epoll_filefd *ffd, struct file *file, int fd) { ffd->file = file; ffd->fd = fd; } /* Compare RB tree keys */ static inline int ep_cmp_ffd(struct epoll_filefd *p1, struct epoll_filefd *p2) { return (p1->file > p2->file ? +1: (p1->file < p2->file ? -1 : p1->fd - p2->fd)); } /* Tells us if the item is currently linked */ static inline int ep_is_linked(struct epitem *epi) { return !list_empty(&epi->rdllink); } static inline struct eppoll_entry *ep_pwq_from_wait(wait_queue_entry_t *p) { return container_of(p, struct eppoll_entry, wait); } /* Get the "struct epitem" from a wait queue pointer */ static inline struct epitem *ep_item_from_wait(wait_queue_entry_t *p) { return container_of(p, struct eppoll_entry, wait)->base; } /* Get the "struct epitem" from an epoll queue wrapper */ static inline struct epitem *ep_item_from_epqueue(poll_table *p) { return container_of(p, struct ep_pqueue, pt)->epi; } /* Initialize the poll safe wake up structure */ static void ep_nested_calls_init(struct nested_calls *ncalls) { INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ncalls->tasks_call_list); spin_lock_init(&ncalls->lock); } /** * ep_events_available - Checks if ready events might be available. * * @ep: Pointer to the eventpoll context. * * Returns: Returns a value different than zero if ready events are available, * or zero otherwise. */ static inline int ep_events_available(struct eventpoll *ep) { return !list_empty_careful(&ep->rdllist) || READ_ONCE(ep->ovflist) != EP_UNACTIVE_PTR; } #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL static bool ep_busy_loop_end(void *p, unsigned long start_time) { struct eventpoll *ep = p; return ep_events_available(ep) || busy_loop_timeout(start_time); } /* * Busy poll if globally on and supporting sockets found && no events, * busy loop will return if need_resched or ep_events_available. * * we must do our busy polling with irqs enabled */ static void ep_busy_loop(struct eventpoll *ep, int nonblock) { unsigned int napi_id = READ_ONCE(ep->napi_id); if ((napi_id >= MIN_NAPI_ID) && net_busy_loop_on()) napi_busy_loop(napi_id, nonblock ? NULL : ep_busy_loop_end, ep); } static inline void ep_reset_busy_poll_napi_id(struct eventpoll *ep) { if (ep->napi_id) ep->napi_id = 0; } /* * Set epoll busy poll NAPI ID from sk. */ static inline void ep_set_busy_poll_napi_id(struct epitem *epi) { struct eventpoll *ep; unsigned int napi_id; struct socket *sock; struct sock *sk; int err; if (!net_busy_loop_on()) return; sock = sock_from_file(epi->ffd.file, &err); if (!sock) return; sk = sock->sk; if (!sk) return; napi_id = READ_ONCE(sk->sk_napi_id); ep = epi->ep; /* Non-NAPI IDs can be rejected * or * Nothing to do if we already have this ID */ if (napi_id < MIN_NAPI_ID || napi_id == ep->napi_id) return; /* record NAPI ID for use in next busy poll */ ep->napi_id = napi_id; } #else static inline void ep_busy_loop(struct eventpoll *ep, int nonblock) { } static inline void ep_reset_busy_poll_napi_id(struct eventpoll *ep) { } static inline void ep_set_busy_poll_napi_id(struct epitem *epi) { } #endif /* CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL */ /** * ep_call_nested - Perform a bound (possibly) nested call, by checking * that the recursion limit is not exceeded, and that * the same nested call (by the meaning of same cookie) is * no re-entered. * * @ncalls: Pointer to the nested_calls structure to be used for this call. * @nproc: Nested call core function pointer. * @priv: Opaque data to be passed to the @nproc callback. * @cookie: Cookie to be used to identify this nested call. * @ctx: This instance context. * * Returns: Returns the code returned by the @nproc callback, or -1 if * the maximum recursion limit has been exceeded. */ static int ep_call_nested(struct nested_calls *ncalls, int (*nproc)(void *, void *, int), void *priv, void *cookie, void *ctx) { int error, call_nests = 0; unsigned long flags; struct list_head *lsthead = &ncalls->tasks_call_list; struct nested_call_node *tncur; struct nested_call_node tnode; spin_lock_irqsave(&ncalls->lock, flags); /* * Try to see if the current task is already inside this wakeup call. * We use a list here, since the population inside this set is always * very much limited. */ list_for_each_entry(tncur, lsthead, llink) { if (tncur->ctx == ctx && (tncur->cookie == cookie || ++call_nests > EP_MAX_NESTS)) { /* * Ops ... loop detected or maximum nest level reached. * We abort this wake by breaking the cycle itself. */ error = -1; goto out_unlock; } } /* Add the current task and cookie to the list */ tnode.ctx = ctx; tnode.cookie = cookie; list_add(&tnode.llink, lsthead); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ncalls->lock, flags); /* Call the nested function */ error = (*nproc)(priv, cookie, call_nests); /* Remove the current task from the list */ spin_lock_irqsave(&ncalls->lock, flags); list_del(&tnode.llink); out_unlock: spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ncalls->lock, flags); return error; } /* * As described in commit 0ccf831cb lockdep: annotate epoll * the use of wait queues used by epoll is done in a very controlled * manner. Wake ups can nest inside each other, but are never done * with the same locking. For example: * * dfd = socket(...); * efd1 = epoll_create(); * efd2 = epoll_create(); * epoll_ctl(efd1, EPOLL_CTL_ADD, dfd, ...); * epoll_ctl(efd2, EPOLL_CTL_ADD, efd1, ...); * * When a packet arrives to the device underneath "dfd", the net code will * issue a wake_up() on its poll wake list. Epoll (efd1) has installed a * callback wakeup entry on that queue, and the wake_up() performed by the * "dfd" net code will end up in ep_poll_callback(). At this point epoll * (efd1) notices that it may have some event ready, so it needs to wake up * the waiters on its poll wait list (efd2). So it calls ep_poll_safewake() * that ends up in another wake_up(), after having checked about the * recursion constraints. That are, no more than EP_MAX_POLLWAKE_NESTS, to * avoid stack blasting. * * When CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC is enabled, make sure lockdep can handle * this special case of epoll. */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC static void ep_poll_safewake(struct eventpoll *ep, struct epitem *epi) { struct eventpoll *ep_src; unsigned long flags; u8 nests = 0; /* * To set the subclass or nesting level for spin_lock_irqsave_nested() * it might be natural to create a per-cpu nest count. However, since * we can recurse on ep->poll_wait.lock, and a non-raw spinlock can * schedule() in the -rt kernel, the per-cpu variable are no longer * protected. Thus, we are introducing a per eventpoll nest field. * If we are not being call from ep_poll_callback(), epi is NULL and * we are at the first level of nesting, 0. Otherwise, we are being * called from ep_poll_callback() and if a previous wakeup source is * not an epoll file itself, we are at depth 1 since the wakeup source * is depth 0. If the wakeup source is a previous epoll file in the * wakeup chain then we use its nests value and record ours as * nests + 1. The previous epoll file nests value is stable since its * already holding its own poll_wait.lock. */ if (epi) { if ((is_file_epoll(epi->ffd.file))) { ep_src = epi->ffd.file->private_data; nests = ep_src->nests; } else { nests = 1; } } spin_lock_irqsave_nested(&ep->poll_wait.lock, flags, nests); ep->nests = nests + 1; wake_up_locked_poll(&ep->poll_wait, EPOLLIN); ep->nests = 0; spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ep->poll_wait.lock, flags); } #else static void ep_poll_safewake(struct eventpoll *ep, struct epitem *epi) { wake_up_poll(&ep->poll_wait, EPOLLIN); } #endif static void ep_remove_wait_queue(struct eppoll_entry *pwq) { wait_queue_head_t *whead; rcu_read_lock(); /* * If it is cleared by POLLFREE, it should be rcu-safe. * If we read NULL we need a barrier paired with * smp_store_release() in ep_poll_callback(), otherwise * we rely on whead->lock. */ whead = smp_load_acquire(&pwq->whead); if (whead) remove_wait_queue(whead, &pwq->wait); rcu_read_unlock(); } /* * This function unregisters poll callbacks from the associated file * descriptor. Must be called with "mtx" held (or "epmutex" if called from * ep_free). */ static void ep_unregister_pollwait(struct eventpoll *ep, struct epitem *epi) { struct list_head *lsthead = &epi->pwqlist; struct eppoll_entry *pwq; while (!list_empty(lsthead)) { pwq = list_first_entry(lsthead, struct eppoll_entry, llink); list_del(&pwq->llink); ep_remove_wait_queue(pwq); kmem_cache_free(pwq_cache, pwq); } } /* call only when ep->mtx is held */ static inline struct wakeup_source *ep_wakeup_source(struct epitem *epi) { return rcu_dereference_check(epi->ws, lockdep_is_held(&epi->ep->mtx)); } /* call only when ep->mtx is held */ static inline void ep_pm_stay_awake(struct epitem *epi) { struct wakeup_source *ws = ep_wakeup_source(epi); if (ws) __pm_stay_awake(ws); } static inline bool ep_has_wakeup_source(struct epitem *epi) { return rcu_access_pointer(epi->ws) ? true : false; } /* call when ep->mtx cannot be held (ep_poll_callback) */ static inline void ep_pm_stay_awake_rcu(struct epitem *epi) { struct wakeup_source *ws; rcu_read_lock(); ws = rcu_dereference(epi->ws); if (ws) __pm_stay_awake(ws); rcu_read_unlock(); } /** * ep_scan_ready_list - Scans the ready list in a way that makes possible for * the scan code, to call f_op->poll(). Also allows for * O(NumReady) performance. * * @ep: Pointer to the epoll private data structure. * @sproc: Pointer to the scan callback. * @priv: Private opaque data passed to the @sproc callback. * @depth: The current depth of recursive f_op->poll calls. * @ep_locked: caller already holds ep->mtx * * Returns: The same integer error code returned by the @sproc callback. */ static __poll_t ep_scan_ready_list(struct eventpoll *ep, __poll_t (*sproc)(struct eventpoll *, struct list_head *, void *), void *priv, int depth, bool ep_locked) { __poll_t res; struct epitem *epi, *nepi; LIST_HEAD(txlist); lockdep_assert_irqs_enabled(); /* * We need to lock this because we could be hit by * eventpoll_release_file() and epoll_ctl(). */ if (!ep_locked) mutex_lock_nested(&ep->mtx, depth); /* * Steal the ready list, and re-init the original one to the * empty list. Also, set ep->ovflist to NULL so that events * happening while looping w/out locks, are not lost. We cannot * have the poll callback to queue directly on ep->rdllist, * because we want the "sproc" callback to be able to do it * in a lockless way. */ write_lock_irq(&ep->lock); list_splice_init(&ep->rdllist, &txlist); WRITE_ONCE(ep->ovflist, NULL); write_unlock_irq(&ep->lock); /* * Now call the callback function. */ res = (*sproc)(ep, &txlist, priv); write_lock_irq(&ep->lock); /* * During the time we spent inside the "sproc" callback, some * other events might have been queued by the poll callback. * We re-insert them inside the main ready-list here. */ for (nepi = READ_ONCE(ep->ovflist); (epi = nepi) != NULL; nepi = epi->next, epi->next = EP_UNACTIVE_PTR) { /* * We need to check if the item is already in the list. * During the "sproc" callback execution time, items are * queued into ->ovflist but the "txlist" might already * contain them, and the list_splice() below takes care of them. */ if (!ep_is_linked(epi)) { /* * ->ovflist is LIFO, so we have to reverse it in order * to keep in FIFO. */ list_add(&epi->rdllink, &ep->rdllist); ep_pm_stay_awake(epi); } } /* * We need to set back ep->ovflist to EP_UNACTIVE_PTR, so that after * releasing the lock, events will be queued in the normal way inside * ep->rdllist. */ WRITE_ONCE(ep->ovflist, EP_UNACTIVE_PTR); /* * Quickly re-inject items left on "txlist". */ list_splice(&txlist, &ep->rdllist); __pm_relax(ep->ws); if (!list_empty(&ep->rdllist)) { if (waitqueue_active(&ep->wq)) wake_up(&ep->wq); } write_unlock_irq(&ep->lock); if (!ep_locked) mutex_unlock(&ep->mtx); return res; } static void epi_rcu_free(struct rcu_head *head) { struct epitem *epi = container_of(head, struct epitem, rcu); kmem_cache_free(epi_cache, epi); } /* * Removes a "struct epitem" from the eventpoll RB tree and deallocates * all the associated resources. Must be called with "mtx" held. */ static int ep_remove(struct eventpoll *ep, struct epitem *epi) { struct file *file = epi->ffd.file; lockdep_assert_irqs_enabled(); /* * Removes poll wait queue hooks. */ ep_unregister_pollwait(ep, epi); /* Remove the current item from the list of epoll hooks */ spin_lock(&file->f_lock); list_del_rcu(&epi->fllink); spin_unlock(&file->f_lock); rb_erase_cached(&epi->rbn, &ep->rbr); write_lock_irq(&ep->lock); if (ep_is_linked(epi)) list_del_init(&epi->rdllink); write_unlock_irq(&ep->lock); wakeup_source_unregister(ep_wakeup_source(epi)); /* * At this point it is safe to free the eventpoll item. Use the union * field epi->rcu, since we are trying to minimize the size of * 'struct epitem'. The 'rbn' field is no longer in use. Protected by * ep->mtx. The rcu read side, reverse_path_check_proc(), does not make * use of the rbn field. */ call_rcu(&epi->rcu, epi_rcu_free); atomic_long_dec(&ep->user->epoll_watches); return 0; } static void ep_free(struct eventpoll *ep) { struct rb_node *rbp; struct epitem *epi; /* We need to release all tasks waiting for these file */ if (waitqueue_active(&ep->poll_wait)) ep_poll_safewake(ep, NULL); /* * We need to lock this because we could be hit by * eventpoll_release_file() while we're freeing the "struct eventpoll". * We do not need to hold "ep->mtx" here because the epoll file * is on the way to be removed and no one has references to it * anymore. The only hit might come from eventpoll_release_file() but * holding "epmutex" is sufficient here. */ mutex_lock(&epmutex); /* * Walks through the whole tree by unregistering poll callbacks. */ for (rbp = rb_first_cached(&ep->rbr); rbp; rbp = rb_next(rbp)) { epi = rb_entry(rbp, struct epitem, rbn); ep_unregister_pollwait(ep, epi); cond_resched(); } /* * Walks through the whole tree by freeing each "struct epitem". At this * point we are sure no poll callbacks will be lingering around, and also by * holding "epmutex" we can be sure that no file cleanup code will hit * us during this operation. So we can avoid the lock on "ep->lock". * We do not need to lock ep->mtx, either, we only do it to prevent * a lockdep warning. */ mutex_lock(&ep->mtx); while ((rbp = rb_first_cached(&ep->rbr)) != NULL) { epi = rb_entry(rbp, struct epitem, rbn); ep_remove(ep, epi); cond_resched(); } mutex_unlock(&ep->mtx); mutex_unlock(&epmutex); mutex_destroy(&ep->mtx); free_uid(ep->user); wakeup_source_unregister(ep->ws); kfree(ep); } static int ep_eventpoll_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { struct eventpoll *ep = file->private_data; if (ep) ep_free(ep); return 0; } static __poll_t ep_read_events_proc(struct eventpoll *ep, struct list_head *head, void *priv); static void ep_ptable_queue_proc(struct file *file, wait_queue_head_t *whead, poll_table *pt); /* * Differs from ep_eventpoll_poll() in that internal callers already have * the ep->mtx so we need to start from depth=1, such that mutex_lock_nested() * is correctly annotated. */ static __poll_t ep_item_poll(const struct epitem *epi, poll_table *pt, int depth) { struct eventpoll *ep; bool locked; pt->_key = epi->event.events; if (!is_file_epoll(epi->ffd.file)) return vfs_poll(epi->ffd.file, pt) & epi->event.events; ep = epi->ffd.file->private_data; poll_wait(epi->ffd.file, &ep->poll_wait, pt); locked = pt && (pt->_qproc == ep_ptable_queue_proc); return ep_scan_ready_list(epi->ffd.file->private_data, ep_read_events_proc, &depth, depth, locked) & epi->event.events; } static __poll_t ep_read_events_proc(struct eventpoll *ep, struct list_head *head, void *priv) { struct epitem *epi, *tmp; poll_table pt; int depth = *(int *)priv; init_poll_funcptr(&pt, NULL); depth++; list_for_each_entry_safe(epi, tmp, head, rdllink) { if (ep_item_poll(epi, &pt, depth)) { return EPOLLIN | EPOLLRDNORM; } else { /* * Item has been dropped into the ready list by the poll * callback, but it's not actually ready, as far as * caller requested events goes. We can remove it here. */ __pm_relax(ep_wakeup_source(epi)); list_del_init(&epi->rdllink); } } return 0; } static __poll_t ep_eventpoll_poll(struct file *file, poll_table *wait) { struct eventpoll *ep = file->private_data; int depth = 0; /* Insert inside our poll wait queue */ poll_wait(file, &ep->poll_wait, wait); /* * Proceed to find out if wanted events are really available inside * the ready list. */ return ep_scan_ready_list(ep, ep_read_events_proc, &depth, depth, false); } #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS static void ep_show_fdinfo(struct seq_file *m, struct file *f) { struct eventpoll *ep = f->private_data; struct rb_node *rbp; mutex_lock(&ep->mtx); for (rbp = rb_first_cached(&ep->rbr); rbp; rbp = rb_next(rbp)) { struct epitem *epi = rb_entry(rbp, struct epitem, rbn); struct inode *inode = file_inode(epi->ffd.file); seq_printf(m, "tfd: %8d events: %8x data: %16llx " " pos:%lli ino:%lx sdev:%x\n", epi->ffd.fd, epi->event.events, (long long)epi->event.data, (long long)epi->ffd.file->f_pos, inode->i_ino, inode->i_sb->s_dev); if (seq_has_overflowed(m)) break; } mutex_unlock(&ep->mtx); } #endif /* File callbacks that implement the eventpoll file behaviour */ static const struct file_operations eventpoll_fops = { #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS .show_fdinfo = ep_show_fdinfo, #endif .release = ep_eventpoll_release, .poll = ep_eventpoll_poll, .llseek = noop_llseek, }; /* * This is called from eventpoll_release() to unlink files from the eventpoll * interface. We need to have this facility to cleanup correctly files that are * closed without being removed from the eventpoll interface. */ void eventpoll_release_file(struct file *file) { struct eventpoll *ep; struct epitem *epi, *next; /* * We don't want to get "file->f_lock" because it is not * necessary. It is not necessary because we're in the "struct file" * cleanup path, and this means that no one is using this file anymore. * So, for example, epoll_ctl() cannot hit here since if we reach this * point, the file counter already went to zero and fget() would fail. * The only hit might come from ep_free() but by holding the mutex * will correctly serialize the operation. We do need to acquire * "ep->mtx" after "epmutex" because ep_remove() requires it when called * from anywhere but ep_free(). * * Besides, ep_remove() acquires the lock, so we can't hold it here. */ mutex_lock(&epmutex); list_for_each_entry_safe(epi, next, &file->f_ep_links, fllink) { ep = epi->ep; mutex_lock_nested(&ep->mtx, 0); ep_remove(ep, epi); mutex_unlock(&ep->mtx); } mutex_unlock(&epmutex); } static int ep_alloc(struct eventpoll **pep) { int error; struct user_struct *user; struct eventpoll *ep; user = get_current_user(); error = -ENOMEM; ep = kzalloc(sizeof(*ep), GFP_KERNEL); if (unlikely(!ep)) goto free_uid; mutex_init(&ep->mtx); rwlock_init(&ep->lock); init_waitqueue_head(&ep->wq); init_waitqueue_head(&ep->poll_wait); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ep->rdllist); ep->rbr = RB_ROOT_CACHED; ep->ovflist = EP_UNACTIVE_PTR; ep->user = user; *pep = ep; return 0; free_uid: free_uid(user); return error; } /* * Search the file inside the eventpoll tree. The RB tree operations * are protected by the "mtx" mutex, and ep_find() must be called with * "mtx" held. */ static struct epitem *ep_find(struct eventpoll *ep, struct file *file, int fd) { int kcmp; struct rb_node *rbp; struct epitem *epi, *epir = NULL; struct epoll_filefd ffd; ep_set_ffd(&ffd, file, fd); for (rbp = ep->rbr.rb_root.rb_node; rbp; ) { epi = rb_entry(rbp, struct epitem, rbn); kcmp = ep_cmp_ffd(&ffd, &epi->ffd); if (kcmp > 0) rbp = rbp->rb_right; else if (kcmp < 0) rbp = rbp->rb_left; else { epir = epi; break; } } return epir; } #ifdef CONFIG_KCMP static struct epitem *ep_find_tfd(struct eventpoll *ep, int tfd, unsigned long toff) { struct rb_node *rbp; struct epitem *epi; for (rbp = rb_first_cached(&ep->rbr); rbp; rbp = rb_next(rbp)) { epi = rb_entry(rbp, struct epitem, rbn); if (epi->ffd.fd == tfd) { if (toff == 0) return epi; else toff--; } cond_resched(); } return NULL; } struct file *get_epoll_tfile_raw_ptr(struct file *file, int tfd, unsigned long toff) { struct file *file_raw; struct eventpoll *ep; struct epitem *epi; if (!is_file_epoll(file)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); ep = file->private_data; mutex_lock(&ep->mtx); epi = ep_find_tfd(ep, tfd, toff); if (epi) file_raw = epi->ffd.file; else file_raw = ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); mutex_unlock(&ep->mtx); return file_raw; } #endif /* CONFIG_KCMP */ /** * Adds a new entry to the tail of the list in a lockless way, i.e. * multiple CPUs are allowed to call this function concurrently. * * Beware: it is necessary to prevent any other modifications of the * existing list until all changes are completed, in other words * concurrent list_add_tail_lockless() calls should be protected * with a read lock, where write lock acts as a barrier which * makes sure all list_add_tail_lockless() calls are fully * completed. * * Also an element can be locklessly added to the list only in one * direction i.e. either to the tail either to the head, otherwise * concurrent access will corrupt the list. * * Returns %false if element has been already added to the list, %true * otherwise. */ static inline bool list_add_tail_lockless(struct list_head *new, struct list_head *head) { struct list_head *prev; /* * This is simple 'new->next = head' operation, but cmpxchg() * is used in order to detect that same element has been just * added to the list from another CPU: the winner observes * new->next == new. */ if (cmpxchg(&new->next, new, head) != new) return false; /* * Initially ->next of a new element must be updated with the head * (we are inserting to the tail) and only then pointers are atomically * exchanged. XCHG guarantees memory ordering, thus ->next should be * updated before pointers are actually swapped and pointers are * swapped before prev->next is updated. */ prev = xchg(&head->prev, new); /* * It is safe to modify prev->next and new->prev, because a new element * is added only to the tail and new->next is updated before XCHG. */ prev->next = new; new->prev = prev; return true; } /** * Chains a new epi entry to the tail of the ep->ovflist in a lockless way, * i.e. multiple CPUs are allowed to call this function concurrently. * * Returns %false if epi element has been already chained, %true otherwise. */ static inline bool chain_epi_lockless(struct epitem *epi) { struct eventpoll *ep = epi->ep; /* Fast preliminary check */ if (epi->next != EP_UNACTIVE_PTR) return false; /* Check that the same epi has not been just chained from another CPU */ if (cmpxchg(&epi->next, EP_UNACTIVE_PTR, NULL) != EP_UNACTIVE_PTR) return false; /* Atomically exchange tail */ epi->next = xchg(&ep->ovflist, epi); return true; } /* * This is the callback that is passed to the wait queue wakeup * mechanism. It is called by the stored file descriptors when they * have events to report. * * This callback takes a read lock in order not to content with concurrent * events from another file descriptors, thus all modifications to ->rdllist * or ->ovflist are lockless. Read lock is paired with the write lock from * ep_scan_ready_list(), which stops all list modifications and guarantees * that lists state is seen correctly. * * Another thing worth to mention is that ep_poll_callback() can be called * concurrently for the same @epi from different CPUs if poll table was inited * with several wait queues entries. Plural wakeup from different CPUs of a * single wait queue is serialized by wq.lock, but the case when multiple wait * queues are used should be detected accordingly. This is detected using * cmpxchg() operation. */ static int ep_poll_callback(wait_queue_entry_t *wait, unsigned mode, int sync, void *key) { int pwake = 0; struct epitem *epi = ep_item_from_wait(wait); struct eventpoll *ep = epi->ep; __poll_t pollflags = key_to_poll(key); unsigned long flags; int ewake = 0; read_lock_irqsave(&ep->lock, flags); ep_set_busy_poll_napi_id(epi); /* * If the event mask does not contain any poll(2) event, we consider the * descriptor to be disabled. This condition is likely the effect of the * EPOLLONESHOT bit that disables the descriptor when an event is received, * until the next EPOLL_CTL_MOD will be issued. */ if (!(epi->event.events & ~EP_PRIVATE_BITS)) goto out_unlock; /* * Check the events coming with the callback. At this stage, not * every device reports the events in the "key" parameter of the * callback. We need to be able to handle both cases here, hence the * test for "key" != NULL before the event match test. */ if (pollflags && !(pollflags & epi->event.events)) goto out_unlock; /* * If we are transferring events to userspace, we can hold no locks * (because we're accessing user memory, and because of linux f_op->poll() * semantics). All the events that happen during that period of time are * chained in ep->ovflist and requeued later on. */ if (READ_ONCE(ep->ovflist) != EP_UNACTIVE_PTR) { if (chain_epi_lockless(epi)) ep_pm_stay_awake_rcu(epi); } else if (!ep_is_linked(epi)) { /* In the usual case, add event to ready list. */ if (list_add_tail_lockless(&epi->rdllink, &ep->rdllist)) ep_pm_stay_awake_rcu(epi); } /* * Wake up ( if active ) both the eventpoll wait list and the ->poll() * wait list. */ if (waitqueue_active(&ep->wq)) { if ((epi->event.events & EPOLLEXCLUSIVE) && !(pollflags & POLLFREE)) { switch (pollflags & EPOLLINOUT_BITS) { case EPOLLIN: if (epi->event.events & EPOLLIN) ewake = 1; break; case EPOLLOUT: if (epi->event.events & EPOLLOUT) ewake = 1; break; case 0: ewake = 1; break; } } wake_up(&ep->wq); } if (waitqueue_active(&ep->poll_wait)) pwake++; out_unlock: read_unlock_irqrestore(&ep->lock, flags); /* We have to call this outside the lock */ if (pwake) ep_poll_safewake(ep, epi); if (!(epi->event.events & EPOLLEXCLUSIVE)) ewake = 1; if (pollflags & POLLFREE) { /* * If we race with ep_remove_wait_queue() it can miss * ->whead = NULL and do another remove_wait_queue() after * us, so we can't use __remove_wait_queue(). */ list_del_init(&wait->entry); /* * ->whead != NULL protects us from the race with ep_free() * or ep_remove(), ep_remove_wait_queue() takes whead->lock * held by the caller. Once we nullify it, nothing protects * ep/epi or even wait. */ smp_store_release(&ep_pwq_from_wait(wait)->whead, NULL); } return ewake; } /* * This is the callback that is used to add our wait queue to the * target file wakeup lists. */ static void ep_ptable_queue_proc(struct file *file, wait_queue_head_t *whead, poll_table *pt) { struct epitem *epi = ep_item_from_epqueue(pt); struct eppoll_entry *pwq; if (epi->nwait >= 0 && (pwq = kmem_cache_alloc(pwq_cache, GFP_KERNEL))) { init_waitqueue_func_entry(&pwq->wait, ep_poll_callback); pwq->whead = whead; pwq->base = epi; if (epi->event.events & EPOLLEXCLUSIVE) add_wait_queue_exclusive(whead, &pwq->wait); else add_wait_queue(whead, &pwq->wait); list_add_tail(&pwq->llink, &epi->pwqlist); epi->nwait++; } else { /* We have to signal that an error occurred */ epi->nwait = -1; } } static void ep_rbtree_insert(struct eventpoll *ep, struct epitem *epi) { int kcmp; struct rb_node **p = &ep->rbr.rb_root.rb_node, *parent = NULL; struct epitem *epic; bool leftmost = true; while (*p) { parent = *p; epic = rb_entry(parent, struct epitem, rbn); kcmp = ep_cmp_ffd(&epi->ffd, &epic->ffd); if (kcmp > 0) { p = &parent->rb_right; leftmost = false; } else p = &parent->rb_left; } rb_link_node(&epi->rbn, parent, p); rb_insert_color_cached(&epi->rbn, &ep->rbr, leftmost); } #define PATH_ARR_SIZE 5 /* * These are the number paths of length 1 to 5, that we are allowing to emanate * from a single file of interest. For example, we allow 1000 paths of length * 1, to emanate from each file of interest. This essentially represents the * potential wakeup paths, which need to be limited in order to avoid massive * uncontrolled wakeup storms. The common use case should be a single ep which * is connected to n file sources. In this case each file source has 1 path * of length 1. Thus, the numbers below should be more than sufficient. These * path limits are enforced during an EPOLL_CTL_ADD operation, since a modify * and delete can't add additional paths. Protected by the epmutex. */ static const int path_limits[PATH_ARR_SIZE] = { 1000, 500, 100, 50, 10 }; static int path_count[PATH_ARR_SIZE]; static int path_count_inc(int nests) { /* Allow an arbitrary number of depth 1 paths */ if (nests == 0) return 0; if (++path_count[nests] > path_limits[nests]) return -1; return 0; } static void path_count_init(void) { int i; for (i = 0; i < PATH_ARR_SIZE; i++) path_count[i] = 0; } static int reverse_path_check_proc(void *priv, void *cookie, int call_nests) { int error = 0; struct file *file = priv; struct file *child_file; struct epitem *epi; /* CTL_DEL can remove links here, but that can't increase our count */ rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(epi, &file->f_ep_links, fllink) { child_file = epi->ep->file; if (is_file_epoll(child_file)) { if (list_empty(&child_file->f_ep_links)) { if (path_count_inc(call_nests)) { error = -1; break; } } else { error = ep_call_nested(&poll_loop_ncalls, reverse_path_check_proc, child_file, child_file, current); } if (error != 0) break; } else { printk(KERN_ERR "reverse_path_check_proc: " "file is not an ep!\n"); } } rcu_read_unlock(); return error; } /** * reverse_path_check - The tfile_check_list is list of file *, which have * links that are proposed to be newly added. We need to * make sure that those added links don't add too many * paths such that we will spend all our time waking up * eventpoll objects. * * Returns: Returns zero if the proposed links don't create too many paths, * -1 otherwise. */ static int reverse_path_check(void) { int error = 0; struct file *current_file; /* let's call this for all tfiles */ list_for_each_entry(current_file, &tfile_check_list, f_tfile_llink) { path_count_init(); error = ep_call_nested(&poll_loop_ncalls, reverse_path_check_proc, current_file, current_file, current); if (error) break; } return error; } static int ep_create_wakeup_source(struct epitem *epi) { struct name_snapshot n; struct wakeup_source *ws; if (!epi->ep->ws) { epi->ep->ws = wakeup_source_register(NULL, "eventpoll"); if (!epi->ep->ws) return -ENOMEM; } take_dentry_name_snapshot(&n, epi->ffd.file->f_path.dentry); ws = wakeup_source_register(NULL, n.name.name); release_dentry_name_snapshot(&n); if (!ws) return -ENOMEM; rcu_assign_pointer(epi->ws, ws); return 0; } /* rare code path, only used when EPOLL_CTL_MOD removes a wakeup source */ static noinline void ep_destroy_wakeup_source(struct epitem *epi) { struct wakeup_source *ws = ep_wakeup_source(epi); RCU_INIT_POINTER(epi->ws, NULL); /* * wait for ep_pm_stay_awake_rcu to finish, synchronize_rcu is * used internally by wakeup_source_remove, too (called by * wakeup_source_unregister), so we cannot use call_rcu */ synchronize_rcu(); wakeup_source_unregister(ws); } /* * Must be called with "mtx" held. */ static int ep_insert(struct eventpoll *ep, const struct epoll_event *event, struct file *tfile, int fd, int full_check) { int error, pwake = 0; __poll_t revents; long user_watches; struct epitem *epi; struct ep_pqueue epq; lockdep_assert_irqs_enabled(); user_watches = atomic_long_read(&ep->user->epoll_watches); if (unlikely(user_watches >= max_user_watches)) return -ENOSPC; if (!(epi = kmem_cache_alloc(epi_cache, GFP_KERNEL))) return -ENOMEM; /* Item initialization follow here ... */ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&epi->rdllink); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&epi->fllink); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&epi->pwqlist); epi->ep = ep; ep_set_ffd(&epi->ffd, tfile, fd); epi->event = *event; epi->nwait = 0; epi->next = EP_UNACTIVE_PTR; if (epi->event.events & EPOLLWAKEUP) { error = ep_create_wakeup_source(epi); if (error) goto error_create_wakeup_source; } else { RCU_INIT_POINTER(epi->ws, NULL); } /* Add the current item to the list of active epoll hook for this file */ spin_lock(&tfile->f_lock); list_add_tail_rcu(&epi->fllink, &tfile->f_ep_links); spin_unlock(&tfile->f_lock); /* * Add the current item to the RB tree. All RB tree operations are * protected by "mtx", and ep_insert() is called with "mtx" held. */ ep_rbtree_insert(ep, epi); /* now check if we've created too many backpaths */ error = -EINVAL; if (full_check && reverse_path_check()) goto error_remove_epi; /* Initialize the poll table using the queue callback */ epq.epi = epi; init_poll_funcptr(&epq.pt, ep_ptable_queue_proc); /* * Attach the item to the poll hooks and get current event bits. * We can safely use the file* here because its usage count has * been increased by the caller of this function. Note that after * this operation completes, the poll callback can start hitting * the new item. */ revents = ep_item_poll(epi, &epq.pt, 1); /* * We have to check if something went wrong during the poll wait queue * install process. Namely an allocation for a wait queue failed due * high memory pressure. */ error = -ENOMEM; if (epi->nwait < 0) goto error_unregister; /* We have to drop the new item inside our item list to keep track of it */ write_lock_irq(&ep->lock); /* record NAPI ID of new item if present */ ep_set_busy_poll_napi_id(epi); /* If the file is already "ready" we drop it inside the ready list */ if (revents && !ep_is_linked(epi)) { list_add_tail(&epi->rdllink, &ep->rdllist); ep_pm_stay_awake(epi); /* Notify waiting tasks that events are available */ if (waitqueue_active(&ep->wq)) wake_up(&ep->wq); if (waitqueue_active(&ep->poll_wait)) pwake++; } write_unlock_irq(&ep->lock); atomic_long_inc(&ep->user->epoll_watches); /* We have to call this outside the lock */ if (pwake) ep_poll_safewake(ep, NULL); return 0; error_unregister: ep_unregister_pollwait(ep, epi); error_remove_epi: spin_lock(&tfile->f_lock); list_del_rcu(&epi->fllink); spin_unlock(&tfile->f_lock); rb_erase_cached(&epi->rbn, &ep->rbr); /* * We need to do this because an event could have been arrived on some * allocated wait queue. Note that we don't care about the ep->ovflist * list, since that is used/cleaned only inside a section bound by "mtx". * And ep_insert() is called with "mtx" held. */ write_lock_irq(&ep->lock); if (ep_is_linked(epi)) list_del_init(&epi->rdllink); write_unlock_irq(&ep->lock); wakeup_source_unregister(ep_wakeup_source(epi)); error_create_wakeup_source: kmem_cache_free(epi_cache, epi); return error; } /* * Modify the interest event mask by dropping an event if the new mask * has a match in the current file status. Must be called with "mtx" held. */ static int ep_modify(struct eventpoll *ep, struct epitem *epi, const struct epoll_event *event) { int pwake = 0; poll_table pt; lockdep_assert_irqs_enabled(); init_poll_funcptr(&pt, NULL); /* * Set the new event interest mask before calling f_op->poll(); * otherwise we might miss an event that happens between the * f_op->poll() call and the new event set registering. */ epi->event.events = event->events; /* need barrier below */ epi->event.data = event->data; /* protected by mtx */ if (epi->event.events & EPOLLWAKEUP) { if (!ep_has_wakeup_source(epi)) ep_create_wakeup_source(epi); } else if (ep_has_wakeup_source(epi)) { ep_destroy_wakeup_source(epi); } /* * The following barrier has two effects: * * 1) Flush epi changes above to other CPUs. This ensures * we do not miss events from ep_poll_callback if an * event occurs immediately after we call f_op->poll(). * We need this because we did not take ep->lock while * changing epi above (but ep_poll_callback does take * ep->lock). * * 2) We also need to ensure we do not miss _past_ events * when calling f_op->poll(). This barrier also * pairs with the barrier in wq_has_sleeper (see * comments for wq_has_sleeper). * * This barrier will now guarantee ep_poll_callback or f_op->poll * (or both) will notice the readiness of an item. */ smp_mb(); /* * Get current event bits. We can safely use the file* here because * its usage count has been increased by the caller of this function. * If the item is "hot" and it is not registered inside the ready * list, push it inside. */ if (ep_item_poll(epi, &pt, 1)) { write_lock_irq(&ep->lock); if (!ep_is_linked(epi)) { list_add_tail(&epi->rdllink, &ep->rdllist); ep_pm_stay_awake(epi); /* Notify waiting tasks that events are available */ if (waitqueue_active(&ep->wq)) wake_up(&ep->wq); if (waitqueue_active(&ep->poll_wait)) pwake++; } write_unlock_irq(&ep->lock); } /* We have to call this outside the lock */ if (pwake) ep_poll_safewake(ep, NULL); return 0; } static __poll_t ep_send_events_proc(struct eventpoll *ep, struct list_head *head, void *priv) { struct ep_send_events_data *esed = priv; __poll_t revents; struct epitem *epi, *tmp; struct epoll_event __user *uevent = esed->events; struct wakeup_source *ws; poll_table pt; init_poll_funcptr(&pt, NULL); esed->res = 0; /* * We can loop without lock because we are passed a task private list. * Items cannot vanish during the loop because ep_scan_ready_list() is * holding "mtx" during this call. */ lockdep_assert_held(&ep->mtx); list_for_each_entry_safe(epi, tmp, head, rdllink) { if (esed->res >= esed->maxevents) break; /* * Activate ep->ws before deactivating epi->ws to prevent * triggering auto-suspend here (in case we reactive epi->ws * below). * * This could be rearranged to delay the deactivation of epi->ws * instead, but then epi->ws would temporarily be out of sync * with ep_is_linked(). */ ws = ep_wakeup_source(epi); if (ws) { if (ws->active) __pm_stay_awake(ep->ws); __pm_relax(ws); } list_del_init(&epi->rdllink); /* * If the event mask intersect the caller-requested one, * deliver the event to userspace. Again, ep_scan_ready_list() * is holding ep->mtx, so no operations coming from userspace * can change the item. */ revents = ep_item_poll(epi, &pt, 1); if (!revents) continue; if (__put_user(revents, &uevent->events) || __put_user(epi->event.data, &uevent->data)) { list_add(&epi->rdllink, head); ep_pm_stay_awake(epi); if (!esed->res) esed->res = -EFAULT; return 0; } esed->res++; uevent++; if (epi->event.events & EPOLLONESHOT) epi->event.events &= EP_PRIVATE_BITS; else if (!(epi->event.events & EPOLLET)) { /* * If this file has been added with Level * Trigger mode, we need to insert back inside * the ready list, so that the next call to * epoll_wait() will check again the events * availability. At this point, no one can insert * into ep->rdllist besides us. The epoll_ctl() * callers are locked out by * ep_scan_ready_list() holding "mtx" and the * poll callback will queue them in ep->ovflist. */ list_add_tail(&epi->rdllink, &ep->rdllist); ep_pm_stay_awake(epi); } } return 0; } static int ep_send_events(struct eventpoll *ep, struct epoll_event __user *events, int maxevents) { struct ep_send_events_data esed; esed.maxevents = maxevents; esed.events = events; ep_scan_ready_list(ep, ep_send_events_proc, &esed, 0, false); return esed.res; } static inline struct timespec64 ep_set_mstimeout(long ms) { struct timespec64 now, ts = { .tv_sec = ms / MSEC_PER_SEC, .tv_nsec = NSEC_PER_MSEC * (ms % MSEC_PER_SEC), }; ktime_get_ts64(&now); return timespec64_add_safe(now, ts); } /** * ep_poll - Retrieves ready events, and delivers them to the caller supplied * event buffer. * * @ep: Pointer to the eventpoll context. * @events: Pointer to the userspace buffer where the ready events should be * stored. * @maxevents: Size (in terms of number of events) of the caller event buffer. * @timeout: Maximum timeout for the ready events fetch operation, in * milliseconds. If the @timeout is zero, the function will not block, * while if the @timeout is less than zero, the function will block * until at least one event has been retrieved (or an error * occurred). * * Returns: Returns the number of ready events which have been fetched, or an * error code, in case of error. */ static int ep_poll(struct eventpoll *ep, struct epoll_event __user *events, int maxevents, long timeout) { int res = 0, eavail, timed_out = 0; u64 slack = 0; wait_queue_entry_t wait; ktime_t expires, *to = NULL; lockdep_assert_irqs_enabled(); if (timeout > 0) { struct timespec64 end_time = ep_set_mstimeout(timeout); slack = select_estimate_accuracy(&end_time); to = &expires; *to = timespec64_to_ktime(end_time); } else if (timeout == 0) { /* * Avoid the unnecessary trip to the wait queue loop, if the * caller specified a non blocking operation. We still need * lock because we could race and not see an epi being added * to the ready list while in irq callback. Thus incorrectly * returning 0 back to userspace. */ timed_out = 1; write_lock_irq(&ep->lock); eavail = ep_events_available(ep); write_unlock_irq(&ep->lock); goto send_events; } fetch_events: if (!ep_events_available(ep)) ep_busy_loop(ep, timed_out); eavail = ep_events_available(ep); if (eavail) goto send_events; /* * Busy poll timed out. Drop NAPI ID for now, we can add * it back in when we have moved a socket with a valid NAPI * ID onto the ready list. */ ep_reset_busy_poll_napi_id(ep); do { /* * Internally init_wait() uses autoremove_wake_function(), * thus wait entry is removed from the wait queue on each * wakeup. Why it is important? In case of several waiters * each new wakeup will hit the next waiter, giving it the * chance to harvest new event. Otherwise wakeup can be * lost. This is also good performance-wise, because on * normal wakeup path no need to call __remove_wait_queue() * explicitly, thus ep->lock is not taken, which halts the * event delivery. */ init_wait(&wait); write_lock_irq(&ep->lock); /* * Barrierless variant, waitqueue_active() is called under * the same lock on wakeup ep_poll_callback() side, so it * is safe to avoid an explicit barrier. */ __set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE); /* * Do the final check under the lock. ep_scan_ready_list() * plays with two lists (->rdllist and ->ovflist) and there * is always a race when both lists are empty for short * period of time although events are pending, so lock is * important. */ eavail = ep_events_available(ep); if (!eavail) { if (signal_pending(current)) res = -EINTR; else __add_wait_queue_exclusive(&ep->wq, &wait); } write_unlock_irq(&ep->lock); if (!eavail && !res) timed_out = !schedule_hrtimeout_range(to, slack, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS); /* * We were woken up, thus go and try to harvest some events. * If timed out and still on the wait queue, recheck eavail * carefully under lock, below. */ eavail = 1; } while (0); __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING); if (!list_empty_careful(&wait.entry)) { write_lock_irq(&ep->lock); /* * If the thread timed out and is not on the wait queue, it * means that the thread was woken up after its timeout expired * before it could reacquire the lock. Thus, when wait.entry is * empty, it needs to harvest events. */ if (timed_out) eavail = list_empty(&wait.entry); __remove_wait_queue(&ep->wq, &wait); write_unlock_irq(&ep->lock); } send_events: if (fatal_signal_pending(current)) { /* * Always short-circuit for fatal signals to allow * threads to make a timely exit without the chance of * finding more events available and fetching * repeatedly. */ res = -EINTR; } /* * Try to transfer events to user space. In case we get 0 events and * there's still timeout left over, we go trying again in search of * more luck. */ if (!res && eavail && !(res = ep_send_events(ep, events, maxevents)) && !timed_out) goto fetch_events; return res; } /** * ep_loop_check_proc - Callback function to be passed to the @ep_call_nested() * API, to verify that adding an epoll file inside another * epoll structure, does not violate the constraints, in * terms of closed loops, or too deep chains (which can * result in excessive stack usage). * * @priv: Pointer to the epoll file to be currently checked. * @cookie: Original cookie for this call. This is the top-of-the-chain epoll * data structure pointer. * @call_nests: Current dept of the @ep_call_nested() call stack. * * Returns: Returns zero if adding the epoll @file inside current epoll * structure @ep does not violate the constraints, or -1 otherwise. */ static int ep_loop_check_proc(void *priv, void *cookie, int call_nests) { int error = 0; struct file *file = priv; struct eventpoll *ep = file->private_data; struct eventpoll *ep_tovisit; struct rb_node *rbp; struct epitem *epi; mutex_lock_nested(&ep->mtx, call_nests + 1); ep->gen = loop_check_gen; for (rbp = rb_first_cached(&ep->rbr); rbp; rbp = rb_next(rbp)) { epi = rb_entry(rbp, struct epitem, rbn); if (unlikely(is_file_epoll(epi->ffd.file))) { ep_tovisit = epi->ffd.file->private_data; if (ep_tovisit->gen == loop_check_gen) continue; error = ep_call_nested(&poll_loop_ncalls, ep_loop_check_proc, epi->ffd.file, ep_tovisit, current); if (error != 0) break; } else { /* * If we've reached a file that is not associated with * an ep, then we need to check if the newly added * links are going to add too many wakeup paths. We do * this by adding it to the tfile_check_list, if it's * not already there, and calling reverse_path_check() * during ep_insert(). */ if (list_empty(&epi->ffd.file->f_tfile_llink)) { if (get_file_rcu(epi->ffd.file)) list_add(&epi->ffd.file->f_tfile_llink, &tfile_check_list); } } } mutex_unlock(&ep->mtx); return error; } /** * ep_loop_check - Performs a check to verify that adding an epoll file (@file) * another epoll file (represented by @ep) does not create * closed loops or too deep chains. * * @ep: Pointer to the epoll private data structure. * @file: Pointer to the epoll file to be checked. * * Returns: Returns zero if adding the epoll @file inside current epoll * structure @ep does not violate the constraints, or -1 otherwise. */ static int ep_loop_check(struct eventpoll *ep, struct file *file) { return ep_call_nested(&poll_loop_ncalls, ep_loop_check_proc, file, ep, current); } static void clear_tfile_check_list(void) { struct file *file; /* first clear the tfile_check_list */ while (!list_empty(&tfile_check_list)) { file = list_first_entry(&tfile_check_list, struct file, f_tfile_llink); list_del_init(&file->f_tfile_llink); fput(file); } INIT_LIST_HEAD(&tfile_check_list); } /* * Open an eventpoll file descriptor. */ static int do_epoll_create(int flags) { int error, fd; struct eventpoll *ep = NULL; struct file *file; /* Check the EPOLL_* constant for consistency. */ BUILD_BUG_ON(EPOLL_CLOEXEC != O_CLOEXEC); if (flags & ~EPOLL_CLOEXEC) return -EINVAL; /* * Create the internal data structure ("struct eventpoll"). */ error = ep_alloc(&ep); if (error < 0) return error; /* * Creates all the items needed to setup an eventpoll file. That is, * a file structure and a free file descriptor. */ fd = get_unused_fd_flags(O_RDWR | (flags & O_CLOEXEC)); if (fd < 0) { error = fd; goto out_free_ep; } file = anon_inode_getfile("[eventpoll]", &eventpoll_fops, ep, O_RDWR | (flags & O_CLOEXEC)); if (IS_ERR(file)) { error = PTR_ERR(file); goto out_free_fd; } ep->file = file; fd_install(fd, file); return fd; out_free_fd: put_unused_fd(fd); out_free_ep: ep_free(ep); return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE1(epoll_create1, int, flags) { return do_epoll_create(flags); } SYSCALL_DEFINE1(epoll_create, int, size) { if (size <= 0) return -EINVAL; return do_epoll_create(0); } static inline int epoll_mutex_lock(struct mutex *mutex, int depth, bool nonblock) { if (!nonblock) { mutex_lock_nested(mutex, depth); return 0; } if (mutex_trylock(mutex)) return 0; return -EAGAIN; } int do_epoll_ctl(int epfd, int op, int fd, struct epoll_event *epds, bool nonblock) { int error; int full_check = 0; struct fd f, tf; struct eventpoll *ep; struct epitem *epi; struct eventpoll *tep = NULL; error = -EBADF; f = fdget(epfd); if (!f.file) goto error_return; /* Get the "struct file *" for the target file */ tf = fdget(fd); if (!tf.file) goto error_fput; /* The target file descriptor must support poll */ error = -EPERM; if (!file_can_poll(tf.file)) goto error_tgt_fput; /* Check if EPOLLWAKEUP is allowed */ if (ep_op_has_event(op)) ep_take_care_of_epollwakeup(epds); /* * We have to check that the file structure underneath the file descriptor * the user passed to us _is_ an eventpoll file. And also we do not permit * adding an epoll file descriptor inside itself. */ error = -EINVAL; if (f.file == tf.file || !is_file_epoll(f.file)) goto error_tgt_fput; /* * epoll adds to the wakeup queue at EPOLL_CTL_ADD time only, * so EPOLLEXCLUSIVE is not allowed for a EPOLL_CTL_MOD operation. * Also, we do not currently supported nested exclusive wakeups. */ if (ep_op_has_event(op) && (epds->events & EPOLLEXCLUSIVE)) { if (op == EPOLL_CTL_MOD) goto error_tgt_fput; if (op == EPOLL_CTL_ADD && (is_file_epoll(tf.file) || (epds->events & ~EPOLLEXCLUSIVE_OK_BITS))) goto error_tgt_fput; } /* * At this point it is safe to assume that the "private_data" contains * our own data structure. */ ep = f.file->private_data; /* * When we insert an epoll file descriptor, inside another epoll file * descriptor, there is the change of creating closed loops, which are * better be handled here, than in more critical paths. While we are * checking for loops we also determine the list of files reachable * and hang them on the tfile_check_list, so we can check that we * haven't created too many possible wakeup paths. * * We do not need to take the global 'epumutex' on EPOLL_CTL_ADD when * the epoll file descriptor is attaching directly to a wakeup source, * unless the epoll file descriptor is nested. The purpose of taking the * 'epmutex' on add is to prevent complex toplogies such as loops and * deep wakeup paths from forming in parallel through multiple * EPOLL_CTL_ADD operations. */ error = epoll_mutex_lock(&ep->mtx, 0, nonblock); if (error) goto error_tgt_fput; if (op == EPOLL_CTL_ADD) { if (!list_empty(&f.file->f_ep_links) || ep->gen == loop_check_gen || is_file_epoll(tf.file)) { mutex_unlock(&ep->mtx); error = epoll_mutex_lock(&epmutex, 0, nonblock); if (error) goto error_tgt_fput; loop_check_gen++; full_check = 1; if (is_file_epoll(tf.file)) { error = -ELOOP; if (ep_loop_check(ep, tf.file) != 0) goto error_tgt_fput; } else { get_file(tf.file); list_add(&tf.file->f_tfile_llink, &tfile_check_list); } error = epoll_mutex_lock(&ep->mtx, 0, nonblock); if (error) goto error_tgt_fput; if (is_file_epoll(tf.file)) { tep = tf.file->private_data; error = epoll_mutex_lock(&tep->mtx, 1, nonblock); if (error) { mutex_unlock(&ep->mtx); goto error_tgt_fput; } } } } /* * Try to lookup the file inside our RB tree, Since we grabbed "mtx" * above, we can be sure to be able to use the item looked up by * ep_find() till we release the mutex. */ epi = ep_find(ep, tf.file, fd); error = -EINVAL; switch (op) { case EPOLL_CTL_ADD: if (!epi) { epds->events |= EPOLLERR | EPOLLHUP; error = ep_insert(ep, epds, tf.file, fd, full_check); } else error = -EEXIST; break; case EPOLL_CTL_DEL: if (epi) error = ep_remove(ep, epi); else error = -ENOENT; break; case EPOLL_CTL_MOD: if (epi) { if (!(epi->event.events & EPOLLEXCLUSIVE)) { epds->events |= EPOLLERR | EPOLLHUP; error = ep_modify(ep, epi, epds); } } else error = -ENOENT; break; } if (tep != NULL) mutex_unlock(&tep->mtx); mutex_unlock(&ep->mtx); error_tgt_fput: if (full_check) { clear_tfile_check_list(); loop_check_gen++; mutex_unlock(&epmutex); } fdput(tf); error_fput: fdput(f); error_return: return error; } /* * The following function implements the controller interface for * the eventpoll file that enables the insertion/removal/change of * file descriptors inside the interest set. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE4(epoll_ctl, int, epfd, int, op, int, fd, struct epoll_event __user *, event) { struct epoll_event epds; if (ep_op_has_event(op) && copy_from_user(&epds, event, sizeof(struct epoll_event))) return -EFAULT; return do_epoll_ctl(epfd, op, fd, &epds, false); } /* * Implement the event wait interface for the eventpoll file. It is the kernel * part of the user space epoll_wait(2). */ static int do_epoll_wait(int epfd, struct epoll_event __user *events, int maxevents, int timeout) { int error; struct fd f; struct eventpoll *ep; /* The maximum number of event must be greater than zero */ if (maxevents <= 0 || maxevents > EP_MAX_EVENTS) return -EINVAL; /* Verify that the area passed by the user is writeable */ if (!access_ok(events, maxevents * sizeof(struct epoll_event))) return -EFAULT; /* Get the "struct file *" for the eventpoll file */ f = fdget(epfd); if (!f.file) return -EBADF; /* * We have to check that the file structure underneath the fd * the user passed to us _is_ an eventpoll file. */ error = -EINVAL; if (!is_file_epoll(f.file)) goto error_fput; /* * At this point it is safe to assume that the "private_data" contains * our own data structure. */ ep = f.file->private_data; /* Time to fish for events ... */ error = ep_poll(ep, events, maxevents, timeout); error_fput: fdput(f); return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE4(epoll_wait, int, epfd, struct epoll_event __user *, events, int, maxevents, int, timeout) { return do_epoll_wait(epfd, events, maxevents, timeout); } /* * Implement the event wait interface for the eventpoll file. It is the kernel * part of the user space epoll_pwait(2). */ SYSCALL_DEFINE6(epoll_pwait, int, epfd, struct epoll_event __user *, events, int, maxevents, int, timeout, const sigset_t __user *, sigmask, size_t, sigsetsize) { int error; /* * If the caller wants a certain signal mask to be set during the wait, * we apply it here. */ error = set_user_sigmask(sigmask, sigsetsize); if (error) return error; error = do_epoll_wait(epfd, events, maxevents, timeout); restore_saved_sigmask_unless(error == -EINTR); return error; } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE6(epoll_pwait, int, epfd, struct epoll_event __user *, events, int, maxevents, int, timeout, const compat_sigset_t __user *, sigmask, compat_size_t, sigsetsize) { long err; /* * If the caller wants a certain signal mask to be set during the wait, * we apply it here. */ err = set_compat_user_sigmask(sigmask, sigsetsize); if (err) return err; err = do_epoll_wait(epfd, events, maxevents, timeout); restore_saved_sigmask_unless(err == -EINTR); return err; } #endif static int __init eventpoll_init(void) { struct sysinfo si; si_meminfo(&si); /* * Allows top 4% of lomem to be allocated for epoll watches (per user). */ max_user_watches = (((si.totalram - si.totalhigh) / 25) << PAGE_SHIFT) / EP_ITEM_COST; BUG_ON(max_user_watches < 0); /* * Initialize the structure used to perform epoll file descriptor * inclusion loops checks. */ ep_nested_calls_init(&poll_loop_ncalls); /* * We can have many thousands of epitems, so prevent this from * using an extra cache line on 64-bit (and smaller) CPUs */ BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(void *) <= 8 && sizeof(struct epitem) > 128); /* Allocates slab cache used to allocate "struct epitem" items */ epi_cache = kmem_cache_create("eventpoll_epi", sizeof(struct epitem), 0, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_ACCOUNT, NULL); /* Allocates slab cache used to allocate "struct eppoll_entry" */ pwq_cache = kmem_cache_create("eventpoll_pwq", sizeof(struct eppoll_entry), 0, SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_ACCOUNT, NULL); return 0; } fs_initcall(eventpoll_init);
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Prevent the compiler from merging or refetching reads or writes. The * compiler is also forbidden from reordering successive instances of * READ_ONCE and WRITE_ONCE, but only when the compiler is aware of some * particular ordering. One way to make the compiler aware of ordering is to * put the two invocations of READ_ONCE or WRITE_ONCE in different C * statements. * * These two macros will also work on aggregate data types like structs or * unions. * * Their two major use cases are: (1) Mediating communication between * process-level code and irq/NMI handlers, all running on the same CPU, * and (2) Ensuring that the compiler does not fold, spindle, or otherwise * mutilate accesses that either do not require ordering or that interact * with an explicit memory barrier or atomic instruction that provides the * required ordering. */ #ifndef __ASM_GENERIC_RWONCE_H #define __ASM_GENERIC_RWONCE_H #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <linux/compiler_types.h> #include <linux/kasan-checks.h> #include <linux/kcsan-checks.h> /* * Yes, this permits 64-bit accesses on 32-bit architectures. These will * actually be atomic in some cases (namely Armv7 + LPAE), but for others we * rely on the access being split into 2x32-bit accesses for a 32-bit quantity * (e.g. a virtual address) and a strong prevailing wind. */ #define compiletime_assert_rwonce_type(t) \ compiletime_assert(__native_word(t) || sizeof(t) == sizeof(long long), \ "Unsupported access size for {READ,WRITE}_ONCE().") /* * Use __READ_ONCE() instead of READ_ONCE() if you do not require any * atomicity. Note that this may result in tears! */ #ifndef __READ_ONCE #define __READ_ONCE(x) (*(const volatile __unqual_scalar_typeof(x) *)&(x)) #endif #define READ_ONCE(x) \ ({ \ compiletime_assert_rwonce_type(x); \ __READ_ONCE(x); \ }) #define __WRITE_ONCE(x, val) \ do { \ *(volatile typeof(x) *)&(x) = (val); \ } while (0) #define WRITE_ONCE(x, val) \ do { \ compiletime_assert_rwonce_type(x); \ __WRITE_ONCE(x, val); \ } while (0) static __no_sanitize_or_inline unsigned long __read_once_word_nocheck(const void *addr) { return __READ_ONCE(*(unsigned long *)addr); } /* * Use READ_ONCE_NOCHECK() instead of READ_ONCE() if you need to load a * word from memory atomically but without telling KASAN/KCSAN. This is * usually used by unwinding code when walking the stack of a running process. */ #define READ_ONCE_NOCHECK(x) \ ({ \ compiletime_assert(sizeof(x) == sizeof(unsigned long), \ "Unsupported access size for READ_ONCE_NOCHECK()."); \ (typeof(x))__read_once_word_nocheck(&(x)); \ }) static __no_kasan_or_inline unsigned long read_word_at_a_time(const void *addr) { kasan_check_read(addr, 1); return *(unsigned long *)addr; } #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* __ASM_GENERIC_RWONCE_H */
1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Access vector cache interface for object managers. * * Author : Stephen Smalley, <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> */ #ifndef _SELINUX_AVC_H_ #define _SELINUX_AVC_H_ #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/kdev_t.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/lsm_audit.h> #include <linux/in6.h> #include "flask.h" #include "av_permissions.h" #include "security.h" /* * An entry in the AVC. */ struct avc_entry; struct task_struct; struct inode; struct sock; struct sk_buff; /* * AVC statistics */ struct avc_cache_stats { unsigned int lookups; unsigned int misses; unsigned int allocations; unsigned int reclaims; unsigned int frees; }; /* * We only need this data after we have decided to send an audit message. */ struct selinux_audit_data { u32 ssid; u32 tsid; u16 tclass; u32 requested; u32 audited; u32 denied; int result; struct selinux_state *state; }; /* * AVC operations */ void __init avc_init(void); static inline u32 avc_audit_required(u32 requested, struct av_decision *avd, int result, u32 auditdeny, u32 *deniedp) { u32 denied, audited; denied = requested & ~avd->allowed; if (unlikely(denied)) { audited = denied & avd->auditdeny; /* * auditdeny is TRICKY! Setting a bit in * this field means that ANY denials should NOT be audited if * the policy contains an explicit dontaudit rule for that * permission. Take notice that this is unrelated to the * actual permissions that were denied. As an example lets * assume: * * denied == READ * avd.auditdeny & ACCESS == 0 (not set means explicit rule) * auditdeny & ACCESS == 1 * * We will NOT audit the denial even though the denied * permission was READ and the auditdeny checks were for * ACCESS */ if (auditdeny && !(auditdeny & avd->auditdeny)) audited = 0; } else if (result) audited = denied = requested; else audited = requested & avd->auditallow; *deniedp = denied; return audited; } int slow_avc_audit(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, u32 audited, u32 denied, int result, struct common_audit_data *a); /** * avc_audit - Audit the granting or denial of permissions. * @ssid: source security identifier * @tsid: target security identifier * @tclass: target security class * @requested: requested permissions * @avd: access vector decisions * @result: result from avc_has_perm_noaudit * @a: auxiliary audit data * @flags: VFS walk flags * * Audit the granting or denial of permissions in accordance * with the policy. This function is typically called by * avc_has_perm() after a permission check, but can also be * called directly by callers who use avc_has_perm_noaudit() * in order to separate the permission check from the auditing. * For example, this separation is useful when the permission check must * be performed under a lock, to allow the lock to be released * before calling the auditing code. */ static inline int avc_audit(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, struct av_decision *avd, int result, struct common_audit_data *a, int flags) { u32 audited, denied; audited = avc_audit_required(requested, avd, result, 0, &denied); if (likely(!audited)) return 0; /* fall back to ref-walk if we have to generate audit */ if (flags & MAY_NOT_BLOCK) return -ECHILD; return slow_avc_audit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, audited, denied, result, a); } #define AVC_STRICT 1 /* Ignore permissive mode. */ #define AVC_EXTENDED_PERMS 2 /* update extended permissions */ #define AVC_NONBLOCKING 4 /* non blocking */ int avc_has_perm_noaudit(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, unsigned flags, struct av_decision *avd); int avc_has_perm(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, struct common_audit_data *auditdata); int avc_has_perm_flags(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, struct common_audit_data *auditdata, int flags); int avc_has_extended_perms(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, u8 driver, u8 perm, struct common_audit_data *ad); u32 avc_policy_seqno(struct selinux_state *state); #define AVC_CALLBACK_GRANT 1 #define AVC_CALLBACK_TRY_REVOKE 2 #define AVC_CALLBACK_REVOKE 4 #define AVC_CALLBACK_RESET 8 #define AVC_CALLBACK_AUDITALLOW_ENABLE 16 #define AVC_CALLBACK_AUDITALLOW_DISABLE 32 #define AVC_CALLBACK_AUDITDENY_ENABLE 64 #define AVC_CALLBACK_AUDITDENY_DISABLE 128 #define AVC_CALLBACK_ADD_XPERMS 256 int avc_add_callback(int (*callback)(u32 event), u32 events); /* Exported to selinuxfs */ struct selinux_avc; int avc_get_hash_stats(struct selinux_avc *avc, char *page); unsigned int avc_get_cache_threshold(struct selinux_avc *avc); void avc_set_cache_threshold(struct selinux_avc *avc, unsigned int cache_threshold); /* Attempt to free avc node cache */ void avc_disable(void); #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_AVC_STATS DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct avc_cache_stats, avc_cache_stats); #endif #endif /* _SELINUX_AVC_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * Common header file for probe-based Dynamic events. * * This code was copied from kernel/trace/trace_kprobe.h written by * Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com> * * Updates to make this generic: * Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2010-2011 * Author: Srikar Dronamraju */ #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/smp.h> #include <linux/tracefs.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <linux/kprobes.h> #include <linux/stringify.h> #include <linux/limits.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <asm/bitsperlong.h> #include "trace.h" #include "trace_output.h" #define MAX_TRACE_ARGS 128 #define MAX_ARGSTR_LEN 63 #define MAX_ARRAY_LEN 64 #define MAX_ARG_NAME_LEN 32 #define MAX_STRING_SIZE PATH_MAX /* Reserved field names */ #define FIELD_STRING_IP "__probe_ip" #define FIELD_STRING_RETIP "__probe_ret_ip" #define FIELD_STRING_FUNC "__probe_func" #undef DEFINE_FIELD #define DEFINE_FIELD(type, item, name, is_signed) \ do { \ ret = trace_define_field(event_call, #type, name, \ offsetof(typeof(field), item), \ sizeof(field.item), is_signed, \ FILTER_OTHER); \ if (ret) \ return ret; \ } while (0) /* Flags for trace_probe */ #define TP_FLAG_TRACE 1 #define TP_FLAG_PROFILE 2 /* data_loc: data location, compatible with u32 */ #define make_data_loc(len, offs) \ (((u32)(len) << 16) | ((u32)(offs) & 0xffff)) #define get_loc_len(dl) ((u32)(dl) >> 16) #define get_loc_offs(dl) ((u32)(dl) & 0xffff) static nokprobe_inline void *get_loc_data(u32 *dl, void *ent) { return (u8 *)ent + get_loc_offs(*dl); } static nokprobe_inline u32 update_data_loc(u32 loc, int consumed) { u32 maxlen = get_loc_len(loc); u32 offset = get_loc_offs(loc); return make_data_loc(maxlen - consumed, offset + consumed); } /* Printing function type */ typedef int (*print_type_func_t)(struct trace_seq *, void *, void *); enum fetch_op { FETCH_OP_NOP = 0, // Stage 1 (load) ops FETCH_OP_REG, /* Register : .param = offset */ FETCH_OP_STACK, /* Stack : .param = index */ FETCH_OP_STACKP, /* Stack pointer */ FETCH_OP_RETVAL, /* Return value */ FETCH_OP_IMM, /* Immediate : .immediate */ FETCH_OP_COMM, /* Current comm */ FETCH_OP_ARG, /* Function argument : .param */ FETCH_OP_FOFFS, /* File offset: .immediate */ FETCH_OP_DATA, /* Allocated data: .data */ // Stage 2 (dereference) op FETCH_OP_DEREF, /* Dereference: .offset */ FETCH_OP_UDEREF, /* User-space Dereference: .offset */ // Stage 3 (store) ops FETCH_OP_ST_RAW, /* Raw: .size */ FETCH_OP_ST_MEM, /* Mem: .offset, .size */ FETCH_OP_ST_UMEM, /* Mem: .offset, .size */ FETCH_OP_ST_STRING, /* String: .offset, .size */ FETCH_OP_ST_USTRING, /* User String: .offset, .size */ // Stage 4 (modify) op FETCH_OP_MOD_BF, /* Bitfield: .basesize, .lshift, .rshift */ // Stage 5 (loop) op FETCH_OP_LP_ARRAY, /* Array: .param = loop count */ FETCH_OP_END, FETCH_NOP_SYMBOL, /* Unresolved Symbol holder */ }; struct fetch_insn { enum fetch_op op; union { unsigned int param; struct { unsigned int size; int offset; }; struct { unsigned char basesize; unsigned char lshift; unsigned char rshift; }; unsigned long immediate; void *data; }; }; /* fetch + deref*N + store + mod + end <= 16, this allows N=12, enough */ #define FETCH_INSN_MAX 16 #define FETCH_TOKEN_COMM (-ECOMM) /* Fetch type information table */ struct fetch_type { const char *name; /* Name of type */ size_t size; /* Byte size of type */ int is_signed; /* Signed flag */ print_type_func_t print; /* Print functions */ const char *fmt; /* Fromat string */ const char *fmttype; /* Name in format file */ }; /* For defining macros, define string/string_size types */ typedef u32 string; typedef u32 string_size; #define PRINT_TYPE_FUNC_NAME(type) print_type_##type #define PRINT_TYPE_FMT_NAME(type) print_type_format_##type /* Printing in basic type function template */ #define DECLARE_BASIC_PRINT_TYPE_FUNC(type) \ int PRINT_TYPE_FUNC_NAME(type)(struct trace_seq *s, void *data, void *ent);\ extern const char PRINT_TYPE_FMT_NAME(type)[] DECLARE_BASIC_PRINT_TYPE_FUNC(u8); DECLARE_BASIC_PRINT_TYPE_FUNC(u16); DECLARE_BASIC_PRINT_TYPE_FUNC(u32); DECLARE_BASIC_PRINT_TYPE_FUNC(u64); DECLARE_BASIC_PRINT_TYPE_FUNC(s8); DECLARE_BASIC_PRINT_TYPE_FUNC(s16); DECLARE_BASIC_PRINT_TYPE_FUNC(s32); DECLARE_BASIC_PRINT_TYPE_FUNC(s64); DECLARE_BASIC_PRINT_TYPE_FUNC(x8); DECLARE_BASIC_PRINT_TYPE_FUNC(x16); DECLARE_BASIC_PRINT_TYPE_FUNC(x32); DECLARE_BASIC_PRINT_TYPE_FUNC(x64); DECLARE_BASIC_PRINT_TYPE_FUNC(string); DECLARE_BASIC_PRINT_TYPE_FUNC(symbol); /* Default (unsigned long) fetch type */ #define __DEFAULT_FETCH_TYPE(t) x##t #define _DEFAULT_FETCH_TYPE(t) __DEFAULT_FETCH_TYPE(t) #define DEFAULT_FETCH_TYPE _DEFAULT_FETCH_TYPE(BITS_PER_LONG) #define DEFAULT_FETCH_TYPE_STR __stringify(DEFAULT_FETCH_TYPE) #define __ADDR_FETCH_TYPE(t) u##t #define _ADDR_FETCH_TYPE(t) __ADDR_FETCH_TYPE(t) #define ADDR_FETCH_TYPE _ADDR_FETCH_TYPE(BITS_PER_LONG) #define __ASSIGN_FETCH_TYPE(_name, ptype, ftype, _size, sign, _fmttype) \ {.name = _name, \ .size = _size, \ .is_signed = sign, \ .print = PRINT_TYPE_FUNC_NAME(ptype), \ .fmt = PRINT_TYPE_FMT_NAME(ptype), \ .fmttype = _fmttype, \ } #define _ASSIGN_FETCH_TYPE(_name, ptype, ftype, _size, sign, _fmttype) \ __ASSIGN_FETCH_TYPE(_name, ptype, ftype, _size, sign, #_fmttype) #define ASSIGN_FETCH_TYPE(ptype, ftype, sign) \ _ASSIGN_FETCH_TYPE(#ptype, ptype, ftype, sizeof(ftype), sign, ptype) /* If ptype is an alias of atype, use this macro (show atype in format) */ #define ASSIGN_FETCH_TYPE_ALIAS(ptype, atype, ftype, sign) \ _ASSIGN_FETCH_TYPE(#ptype, ptype, ftype, sizeof(ftype), sign, atype) #define ASSIGN_FETCH_TYPE_END {} #define MAX_ARRAY_LEN 64 #ifdef CONFIG_KPROBE_EVENTS bool trace_kprobe_on_func_entry(struct trace_event_call *call); bool trace_kprobe_error_injectable(struct trace_event_call *call); #else static inline bool trace_kprobe_on_func_entry(struct trace_event_call *call) { return false; } static inline bool trace_kprobe_error_injectable(struct trace_event_call *call) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_KPROBE_EVENTS */ struct probe_arg { struct fetch_insn *code; bool dynamic;/* Dynamic array (string) is used */ unsigned int offset; /* Offset from argument entry */ unsigned int count; /* Array count */ const char *name; /* Name of this argument */ const char *comm; /* Command of this argument */ char *fmt; /* Format string if needed */ const struct fetch_type *type; /* Type of this argument */ }; struct trace_uprobe_filter { rwlock_t rwlock; int nr_systemwide; struct list_head perf_events; }; /* Event call and class holder */ struct trace_probe_event { unsigned int flags; /* For TP_FLAG_* */ struct trace_event_class class; struct trace_event_call call; struct list_head files; struct list_head probes; struct trace_uprobe_filter filter[]; }; struct trace_probe { struct list_head list; struct trace_probe_event *event; ssize_t size; /* trace entry size */ unsigned int nr_args; struct probe_arg args[]; }; struct event_file_link { struct trace_event_file *file; struct list_head list; }; static inline bool trace_probe_test_flag(struct trace_probe *tp, unsigned int flag) { return !!(tp->event->flags & flag); } static inline void trace_probe_set_flag(struct trace_probe *tp, unsigned int flag) { tp->event->flags |= flag; } static inline void trace_probe_clear_flag(struct trace_probe *tp, unsigned int flag) { tp->event->flags &= ~flag; } static inline bool trace_probe_is_enabled(struct trace_probe *tp) { return trace_probe_test_flag(tp, TP_FLAG_TRACE | TP_FLAG_PROFILE); } static inline const char *trace_probe_name(struct trace_probe *tp) { return trace_event_name(&tp->event->call); } static inline const char *trace_probe_group_name(struct trace_probe *tp) { return tp->event->call.class->system; } static inline struct trace_event_call * trace_probe_event_call(struct trace_probe *tp) { return &tp->event->call; } static inline struct trace_probe_event * trace_probe_event_from_call(struct trace_event_call *event_call) { return container_of(event_call, struct trace_probe_event, call); } static inline struct trace_probe * trace_probe_primary_from_call(struct trace_event_call *call) { struct trace_probe_event *tpe = trace_probe_event_from_call(call); return list_first_entry(&tpe->probes, struct trace_probe, list); } static inline struct list_head *trace_probe_probe_list(struct trace_probe *tp) { return &tp->event->probes; } static inline bool trace_probe_has_sibling(struct trace_probe *tp) { struct list_head *list = trace_probe_probe_list(tp); return !list_empty(list) && !list_is_singular(list); } static inline int trace_probe_unregister_event_call(struct trace_probe *tp) { /* tp->event is unregistered in trace_remove_event_call() */ return trace_remove_event_call(&tp->event->call); } static inline bool trace_probe_has_single_file(struct trace_probe *tp) { return !!list_is_singular(&tp->event->files); } int trace_probe_init(struct trace_probe *tp, const char *event, const char *group, bool alloc_filter); void trace_probe_cleanup(struct trace_probe *tp); int trace_probe_append(struct trace_probe *tp, struct trace_probe *to); void trace_probe_unlink(struct trace_probe *tp); int trace_probe_register_event_call(struct trace_probe *tp); int trace_probe_add_file(struct trace_probe *tp, struct trace_event_file *file); int trace_probe_remove_file(struct trace_probe *tp, struct trace_event_file *file); struct event_file_link *trace_probe_get_file_link(struct trace_probe *tp, struct trace_event_file *file); int trace_probe_compare_arg_type(struct trace_probe *a, struct trace_probe *b); bool trace_probe_match_command_args(struct trace_probe *tp, int argc, const char **argv); #define trace_probe_for_each_link(pos, tp) \ list_for_each_entry(pos, &(tp)->event->files, list) #define trace_probe_for_each_link_rcu(pos, tp) \ list_for_each_entry_rcu(pos, &(tp)->event->files, list) #define TPARG_FL_RETURN BIT(0) #define TPARG_FL_KERNEL BIT(1) #define TPARG_FL_FENTRY BIT(2) #define TPARG_FL_MASK GENMASK(2, 0) extern int traceprobe_parse_probe_arg(struct trace_probe *tp, int i, char *arg, unsigned int flags); extern int traceprobe_update_arg(struct probe_arg *arg); extern void traceprobe_free_probe_arg(struct probe_arg *arg); extern int traceprobe_split_symbol_offset(char *symbol, long *offset); int traceprobe_parse_event_name(const char **pevent, const char **pgroup, char *buf, int offset); extern int traceprobe_set_print_fmt(struct trace_probe *tp, bool is_return); #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS extern struct trace_event_call * create_local_trace_kprobe(char *func, void *addr, unsigned long offs, bool is_return); extern void destroy_local_trace_kprobe(struct trace_event_call *event_call); extern struct trace_event_call * create_local_trace_uprobe(char *name, unsigned long offs, unsigned long ref_ctr_offset, bool is_return); extern void destroy_local_trace_uprobe(struct trace_event_call *event_call); #endif extern int traceprobe_define_arg_fields(struct trace_event_call *event_call, size_t offset, struct trace_probe *tp); #undef ERRORS #define ERRORS \ C(FILE_NOT_FOUND, "Failed to find the given file"), \ C(NO_REGULAR_FILE, "Not a regular file"), \ C(BAD_REFCNT, "Invalid reference counter offset"), \ C(REFCNT_OPEN_BRACE, "Reference counter brace is not closed"), \ C(BAD_REFCNT_SUFFIX, "Reference counter has wrong suffix"), \ C(BAD_UPROBE_OFFS, "Invalid uprobe offset"), \ C(MAXACT_NO_KPROBE, "Maxactive is not for kprobe"), \ C(BAD_MAXACT, "Invalid maxactive number"), \ C(MAXACT_TOO_BIG, "Maxactive is too big"), \ C(BAD_PROBE_ADDR, "Invalid probed address or symbol"), \ C(BAD_RETPROBE, "Retprobe address must be an function entry"), \ C(BAD_ADDR_SUFFIX, "Invalid probed address suffix"), \ C(NO_GROUP_NAME, "Group name is not specified"), \ C(GROUP_TOO_LONG, "Group name is too long"), \ C(BAD_GROUP_NAME, "Group name must follow the same rules as C identifiers"), \ C(NO_EVENT_NAME, "Event name is not specified"), \ C(EVENT_TOO_LONG, "Event name is too long"), \ C(BAD_EVENT_NAME, "Event name must follow the same rules as C identifiers"), \ C(EVENT_EXIST, "Given group/event name is already used by another event"), \ C(RETVAL_ON_PROBE, "$retval is not available on probe"), \ C(BAD_STACK_NUM, "Invalid stack number"), \ C(BAD_ARG_NUM, "Invalid argument number"), \ C(BAD_VAR, "Invalid $-valiable specified"), \ C(BAD_REG_NAME, "Invalid register name"), \ C(BAD_MEM_ADDR, "Invalid memory address"), \ C(BAD_IMM, "Invalid immediate value"), \ C(IMMSTR_NO_CLOSE, "String is not closed with '\"'"), \ C(FILE_ON_KPROBE, "File offset is not available with kprobe"), \ C(BAD_FILE_OFFS, "Invalid file offset value"), \ C(SYM_ON_UPROBE, "Symbol is not available with uprobe"), \ C(TOO_MANY_OPS, "Dereference is too much nested"), \ C(DEREF_NEED_BRACE, "Dereference needs a brace"), \ C(BAD_DEREF_OFFS, "Invalid dereference offset"), \ C(DEREF_OPEN_BRACE, "Dereference brace is not closed"), \ C(COMM_CANT_DEREF, "$comm can not be dereferenced"), \ C(BAD_FETCH_ARG, "Invalid fetch argument"), \ C(ARRAY_NO_CLOSE, "Array is not closed"), \ C(BAD_ARRAY_SUFFIX, "Array has wrong suffix"), \ C(BAD_ARRAY_NUM, "Invalid array size"), \ C(ARRAY_TOO_BIG, "Array number is too big"), \ C(BAD_TYPE, "Unknown type is specified"), \ C(BAD_STRING, "String accepts only memory argument"), \ C(BAD_BITFIELD, "Invalid bitfield"), \ C(ARG_NAME_TOO_LONG, "Argument name is too long"), \ C(NO_ARG_NAME, "Argument name is not specified"), \ C(BAD_ARG_NAME, "Argument name must follow the same rules as C identifiers"), \ C(USED_ARG_NAME, "This argument name is already used"), \ C(ARG_TOO_LONG, "Argument expression is too long"), \ C(NO_ARG_BODY, "No argument expression"), \ C(BAD_INSN_BNDRY, "Probe point is not an instruction boundary"),\ C(FAIL_REG_PROBE, "Failed to register probe event"),\ C(DIFF_PROBE_TYPE, "Probe type is different from existing probe"),\ C(DIFF_ARG_TYPE, "Argument type or name is different from existing probe"),\ C(SAME_PROBE, "There is already the exact same probe event"), #undef C #define C(a, b) TP_ERR_##a /* Define TP_ERR_ */ enum { ERRORS }; /* Error text is defined in trace_probe.c */ struct trace_probe_log { const char *subsystem; const char **argv; int argc; int index; }; void trace_probe_log_init(const char *subsystem, int argc, const char **argv); void trace_probe_log_set_index(int index); void trace_probe_log_clear(void); void __trace_probe_log_err(int offset, int err); #define trace_probe_log_err(offs, err) \ __trace_probe_log_err(offs, TP_ERR_##err)
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 /* * Implementation of the access vector table type. * * Author : Stephen Smalley, <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> */ /* Updated: Frank Mayer <mayerf@tresys.com> and Karl MacMillan <kmacmillan@tresys.com> * * Added conditional policy language extensions * * Copyright (C) 2003 Tresys Technology, LLC * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by * the Free Software Foundation, version 2. * * Updated: Yuichi Nakamura <ynakam@hitachisoft.jp> * Tuned number of hash slots for avtab to reduce memory usage */ #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include "avtab.h" #include "policydb.h" static struct kmem_cache *avtab_node_cachep; static struct kmem_cache *avtab_xperms_cachep; /* Based on MurmurHash3, written by Austin Appleby and placed in the * public domain. */ static inline int avtab_hash(struct avtab_key *keyp, u32 mask) { static const u32 c1 = 0xcc9e2d51; static const u32 c2 = 0x1b873593; static const u32 r1 = 15; static const u32 r2 = 13; static const u32 m = 5; static const u32 n = 0xe6546b64; u32 hash = 0; #define mix(input) { \ u32 v = input; \ v *= c1; \ v = (v << r1) | (v >> (32 - r1)); \ v *= c2; \ hash ^= v; \ hash = (hash << r2) | (hash >> (32 - r2)); \ hash = hash * m + n; \ } mix(keyp->target_class); mix(keyp->target_type); mix(keyp->source_type); #undef mix hash ^= hash >> 16; hash *= 0x85ebca6b; hash ^= hash >> 13; hash *= 0xc2b2ae35; hash ^= hash >> 16; return hash & mask; } static struct avtab_node* avtab_insert_node(struct avtab *h, int hvalue, struct avtab_node *prev, struct avtab_node *cur, struct avtab_key *key, struct avtab_datum *datum) { struct avtab_node *newnode; struct avtab_extended_perms *xperms; newnode = kmem_cache_zalloc(avtab_node_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (newnode == NULL) return NULL; newnode->key = *key; if (key->specified & AVTAB_XPERMS) { xperms = kmem_cache_zalloc(avtab_xperms_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (xperms == NULL) { kmem_cache_free(avtab_node_cachep, newnode); return NULL; } *xperms = *(datum->u.xperms); newnode->datum.u.xperms = xperms; } else { newnode->datum.u.data = datum->u.data; } if (prev) { newnode->next = prev->next; prev->next = newnode; } else { struct avtab_node **n = &h->htable[hvalue]; newnode->next = *n; *n = newnode; } h->nel++; return newnode; } static int avtab_insert(struct avtab *h, struct avtab_key *key, struct avtab_datum *datum) { int hvalue; struct avtab_node *prev, *cur, *newnode; u16 specified = key->specified & ~(AVTAB_ENABLED|AVTAB_ENABLED_OLD); if (!h || !h->nslot) return -EINVAL; hvalue = avtab_hash(key, h->mask); for (prev = NULL, cur = h->htable[hvalue]; cur; prev = cur, cur = cur->next) { if (key->source_type == cur->key.source_type && key->target_type == cur->key.target_type && key->target_class == cur->key.target_class && (specified & cur->key.specified)) { /* extended perms may not be unique */ if (specified & AVTAB_XPERMS) break; return -EEXIST; } if (key->source_type < cur->key.source_type) break; if (key->source_type == cur->key.source_type && key->target_type < cur->key.target_type) break; if (key->source_type == cur->key.source_type && key->target_type == cur->key.target_type && key->target_class < cur->key.target_class) break; } newnode = avtab_insert_node(h, hvalue, prev, cur, key, datum); if (!newnode) return -ENOMEM; return 0; } /* Unlike avtab_insert(), this function allow multiple insertions of the same * key/specified mask into the table, as needed by the conditional avtab. * It also returns a pointer to the node inserted. */ struct avtab_node * avtab_insert_nonunique(struct avtab *h, struct avtab_key *key, struct avtab_datum *datum) { int hvalue; struct avtab_node *prev, *cur; u16 specified = key->specified & ~(AVTAB_ENABLED|AVTAB_ENABLED_OLD); if (!h || !h->nslot) return NULL; hvalue = avtab_hash(key, h->mask); for (prev = NULL, cur = h->htable[hvalue]; cur; prev = cur, cur = cur->next) { if (key->source_type == cur->key.source_type && key->target_type == cur->key.target_type && key->target_class == cur->key.target_class && (specified & cur->key.specified)) break; if (key->source_type < cur->key.source_type) break; if (key->source_type == cur->key.source_type && key->target_type < cur->key.target_type) break; if (key->source_type == cur->key.source_type && key->target_type == cur->key.target_type && key->target_class < cur->key.target_class) break; } return avtab_insert_node(h, hvalue, prev, cur, key, datum); } struct avtab_datum *avtab_search(struct avtab *h, struct avtab_key *key) { int hvalue; struct avtab_node *cur; u16 specified = key->specified & ~(AVTAB_ENABLED|AVTAB_ENABLED_OLD); if (!h || !h->nslot) return NULL; hvalue = avtab_hash(key, h->mask); for (cur = h->htable[hvalue]; cur; cur = cur->next) { if (key->source_type == cur->key.source_type && key->target_type == cur->key.target_type && key->target_class == cur->key.target_class && (specified & cur->key.specified)) return &cur->datum; if (key->source_type < cur->key.source_type) break; if (key->source_type == cur->key.source_type && key->target_type < cur->key.target_type) break; if (key->source_type == cur->key.source_type && key->target_type == cur->key.target_type && key->target_class < cur->key.target_class) break; } return NULL; } /* This search function returns a node pointer, and can be used in * conjunction with avtab_search_next_node() */ struct avtab_node* avtab_search_node(struct avtab *h, struct avtab_key *key) { int hvalue; struct avtab_node *cur; u16 specified = key->specified & ~(AVTAB_ENABLED|AVTAB_ENABLED_OLD); if (!h || !h->nslot) return NULL; hvalue = avtab_hash(key, h->mask); for (cur = h->htable[hvalue]; cur; cur = cur->next) { if (key->source_type == cur->key.source_type && key->target_type == cur->key.target_type && key->target_class == cur->key.target_class && (specified & cur->key.specified)) return cur; if (key->source_type < cur->key.source_type) break; if (key->source_type == cur->key.source_type && key->target_type < cur->key.target_type) break; if (key->source_type == cur->key.source_type && key->target_type == cur->key.target_type && key->target_class < cur->key.target_class) break; } return NULL; } struct avtab_node* avtab_search_node_next(struct avtab_node *node, int specified) { struct avtab_node *cur; if (!node) return NULL; specified &= ~(AVTAB_ENABLED|AVTAB_ENABLED_OLD); for (cur = node->next; cur; cur = cur->next) { if (node->key.source_type == cur->key.source_type && node->key.target_type == cur->key.target_type && node->key.target_class == cur->key.target_class && (specified & cur->key.specified)) return cur; if (node->key.source_type < cur->key.source_type) break; if (node->key.source_type == cur->key.source_type && node->key.target_type < cur->key.target_type) break; if (node->key.source_type == cur->key.source_type && node->key.target_type == cur->key.target_type && node->key.target_class < cur->key.target_class) break; } return NULL; } void avtab_destroy(struct avtab *h) { int i; struct avtab_node *cur, *temp; if (!h) return; for (i = 0; i < h->nslot; i++) { cur = h->htable[i]; while (cur) { temp = cur; cur = cur->next; if (temp->key.specified & AVTAB_XPERMS) kmem_cache_free(avtab_xperms_cachep, temp->datum.u.xperms); kmem_cache_free(avtab_node_cachep, temp); } } kvfree(h->htable); h->htable = NULL; h->nel = 0; h->nslot = 0; h->mask = 0; } void avtab_init(struct avtab *h) { h->htable = NULL; h->nel = 0; h->nslot = 0; h->mask = 0; } static int avtab_alloc_common(struct avtab *h, u32 nslot) { if (!nslot) return 0; h->htable = kvcalloc(nslot, sizeof(void *), GFP_KERNEL); if (!h->htable) return -ENOMEM; h->nslot = nslot; h->mask = nslot - 1; return 0; } int avtab_alloc(struct avtab *h, u32 nrules) { int rc; u32 nslot = 0; if (nrules != 0) { u32 shift = 1; u32 work = nrules >> 3; while (work) { work >>= 1; shift++; } nslot = 1 << shift; if (nslot > MAX_AVTAB_HASH_BUCKETS) nslot = MAX_AVTAB_HASH_BUCKETS; rc = avtab_alloc_common(h, nslot); if (rc) return rc; } pr_debug("SELinux: %d avtab hash slots, %d rules.\n", nslot, nrules); return 0; } int avtab_alloc_dup(struct avtab *new, const struct avtab *orig) { return avtab_alloc_common(new, orig->nslot); } void avtab_hash_eval(struct avtab *h, char *tag) { int i, chain_len, slots_used, max_chain_len; unsigned long long chain2_len_sum; struct avtab_node *cur; slots_used = 0; max_chain_len = 0; chain2_len_sum = 0; for (i = 0; i < h->nslot; i++) { cur = h->htable[i]; if (cur) { slots_used++; chain_len = 0; while (cur) { chain_len++; cur = cur->next; } if (chain_len > max_chain_len) max_chain_len = chain_len; chain2_len_sum += chain_len * chain_len; } } pr_debug("SELinux: %s: %d entries and %d/%d buckets used, " "longest chain length %d sum of chain length^2 %llu\n", tag, h->nel, slots_used, h->nslot, max_chain_len, chain2_len_sum); } static uint16_t spec_order[] = { AVTAB_ALLOWED, AVTAB_AUDITDENY, AVTAB_AUDITALLOW, AVTAB_TRANSITION, AVTAB_CHANGE, AVTAB_MEMBER, AVTAB_XPERMS_ALLOWED, AVTAB_XPERMS_AUDITALLOW, AVTAB_XPERMS_DONTAUDIT }; int avtab_read_item(struct avtab *a, void *fp, struct policydb *pol, int (*insertf)(struct avtab *a, struct avtab_key *k, struct avtab_datum *d, void *p), void *p) { __le16 buf16[4]; u16 enabled; u32 items, items2, val, vers = pol->policyvers; struct avtab_key key; struct avtab_datum datum; struct avtab_extended_perms xperms; __le32 buf32[ARRAY_SIZE(xperms.perms.p)]; int i, rc; unsigned set; memset(&key, 0, sizeof(struct avtab_key)); memset(&datum, 0, sizeof(struct avtab_datum)); if (vers < POLICYDB_VERSION_AVTAB) { rc = next_entry(buf32, fp, sizeof(u32)); if (rc) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: truncated entry\n"); return rc; } items2 = le32_to_cpu(buf32[0]); if (items2 > ARRAY_SIZE(buf32)) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: entry overflow\n"); return -EINVAL; } rc = next_entry(buf32, fp, sizeof(u32)*items2); if (rc) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: truncated entry\n"); return rc; } items = 0; val = le32_to_cpu(buf32[items++]); key.source_type = (u16)val; if (key.source_type != val) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: truncated source type\n"); return -EINVAL; } val = le32_to_cpu(buf32[items++]); key.target_type = (u16)val; if (key.target_type != val) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: truncated target type\n"); return -EINVAL; } val = le32_to_cpu(buf32[items++]); key.target_class = (u16)val; if (key.target_class != val) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: truncated target class\n"); return -EINVAL; } val = le32_to_cpu(buf32[items++]); enabled = (val & AVTAB_ENABLED_OLD) ? AVTAB_ENABLED : 0; if (!(val & (AVTAB_AV | AVTAB_TYPE))) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: null entry\n"); return -EINVAL; } if ((val & AVTAB_AV) && (val & AVTAB_TYPE)) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: entry has both access vectors and types\n"); return -EINVAL; } if (val & AVTAB_XPERMS) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: entry has extended permissions\n"); return -EINVAL; } for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(spec_order); i++) { if (val & spec_order[i]) { key.specified = spec_order[i] | enabled; datum.u.data = le32_to_cpu(buf32[items++]); rc = insertf(a, &key, &datum, p); if (rc) return rc; } } if (items != items2) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: entry only had %d items, expected %d\n", items2, items); return -EINVAL; } return 0; } rc = next_entry(buf16, fp, sizeof(u16)*4); if (rc) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: truncated entry\n"); return rc; } items = 0; key.source_type = le16_to_cpu(buf16[items++]); key.target_type = le16_to_cpu(buf16[items++]); key.target_class = le16_to_cpu(buf16[items++]); key.specified = le16_to_cpu(buf16[items++]); if (!policydb_type_isvalid(pol, key.source_type) || !policydb_type_isvalid(pol, key.target_type) || !policydb_class_isvalid(pol, key.target_class)) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: invalid type or class\n"); return -EINVAL; } set = 0; for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(spec_order); i++) { if (key.specified & spec_order[i]) set++; } if (!set || set > 1) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: more than one specifier\n"); return -EINVAL; } if ((vers < POLICYDB_VERSION_XPERMS_IOCTL) && (key.specified & AVTAB_XPERMS)) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: policy version %u does not " "support extended permissions rules and one " "was specified\n", vers); return -EINVAL; } else if (key.specified & AVTAB_XPERMS) { memset(&xperms, 0, sizeof(struct avtab_extended_perms)); rc = next_entry(&xperms.specified, fp, sizeof(u8)); if (rc) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: truncated entry\n"); return rc; } rc = next_entry(&xperms.driver, fp, sizeof(u8)); if (rc) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: truncated entry\n"); return rc; } rc = next_entry(buf32, fp, sizeof(u32)*ARRAY_SIZE(xperms.perms.p)); if (rc) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: truncated entry\n"); return rc; } for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(xperms.perms.p); i++) xperms.perms.p[i] = le32_to_cpu(buf32[i]); datum.u.xperms = &xperms; } else { rc = next_entry(buf32, fp, sizeof(u32)); if (rc) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: truncated entry\n"); return rc; } datum.u.data = le32_to_cpu(*buf32); } if ((key.specified & AVTAB_TYPE) && !policydb_type_isvalid(pol, datum.u.data)) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: invalid type\n"); return -EINVAL; } return insertf(a, &key, &datum, p); } static int avtab_insertf(struct avtab *a, struct avtab_key *k, struct avtab_datum *d, void *p) { return avtab_insert(a, k, d); } int avtab_read(struct avtab *a, void *fp, struct policydb *pol) { int rc; __le32 buf[1]; u32 nel, i; rc = next_entry(buf, fp, sizeof(u32)); if (rc < 0) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: truncated table\n"); goto bad; } nel = le32_to_cpu(buf[0]); if (!nel) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: table is empty\n"); rc = -EINVAL; goto bad; } rc = avtab_alloc(a, nel); if (rc) goto bad; for (i = 0; i < nel; i++) { rc = avtab_read_item(a, fp, pol, avtab_insertf, NULL); if (rc) { if (rc == -ENOMEM) pr_err("SELinux: avtab: out of memory\n"); else if (rc == -EEXIST) pr_err("SELinux: avtab: duplicate entry\n"); goto bad; } } rc = 0; out: return rc; bad: avtab_destroy(a); goto out; } int avtab_write_item(struct policydb *p, struct avtab_node *cur, void *fp) { __le16 buf16[4]; __le32 buf32[ARRAY_SIZE(cur->datum.u.xperms->perms.p)]; int rc; unsigned int i; buf16[0] = cpu_to_le16(cur->key.source_type); buf16[1] = cpu_to_le16(cur->key.target_type); buf16[2] = cpu_to_le16(cur->key.target_class); buf16[3] = cpu_to_le16(cur->key.specified); rc = put_entry(buf16, sizeof(u16), 4, fp); if (rc) return rc; if (cur->key.specified & AVTAB_XPERMS) { rc = put_entry(&cur->datum.u.xperms->specified, sizeof(u8), 1, fp); if (rc) return rc; rc = put_entry(&cur->datum.u.xperms->driver, sizeof(u8), 1, fp); if (rc) return rc; for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(cur->datum.u.xperms->perms.p); i++) buf32[i] = cpu_to_le32(cur->datum.u.xperms->perms.p[i]); rc = put_entry(buf32, sizeof(u32), ARRAY_SIZE(cur->datum.u.xperms->perms.p), fp); } else { buf32[0] = cpu_to_le32(cur->datum.u.data); rc = put_entry(buf32, sizeof(u32), 1, fp); } if (rc) return rc; return 0; } int avtab_write(struct policydb *p, struct avtab *a, void *fp) { unsigned int i; int rc = 0; struct avtab_node *cur; __le32 buf[1]; buf[0] = cpu_to_le32(a->nel); rc = put_entry(buf, sizeof(u32), 1, fp); if (rc) return rc; for (i = 0; i < a->nslot; i++) { for (cur = a->htable[i]; cur; cur = cur->next) { rc = avtab_write_item(p, cur, fp); if (rc) return rc; } } return rc; } void __init avtab_cache_init(void) { avtab_node_cachep = kmem_cache_create("avtab_node", sizeof(struct avtab_node), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); avtab_xperms_cachep = kmem_cache_create("avtab_extended_perms", sizeof(struct avtab_extended_perms), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_UNWIND_H #define _ASM_X86_UNWIND_H #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/ftrace.h> #include <asm/ptrace.h> #include <asm/stacktrace.h> #define IRET_FRAME_OFFSET (offsetof(struct pt_regs, ip)) #define IRET_FRAME_SIZE (sizeof(struct pt_regs) - IRET_FRAME_OFFSET) struct unwind_state { struct stack_info stack_info; unsigned long stack_mask; struct task_struct *task; int graph_idx; bool error; #if defined(CONFIG_UNWINDER_ORC) bool signal, full_regs; unsigned long sp, bp, ip; struct pt_regs *regs, *prev_regs; #elif defined(CONFIG_UNWINDER_FRAME_POINTER) bool got_irq; unsigned long *bp, *orig_sp, ip; /* * If non-NULL: The current frame is incomplete and doesn't contain a * valid BP. When looking for the next frame, use this instead of the * non-existent saved BP. */ unsigned long *next_bp; struct pt_regs *regs; #else unsigned long *sp; #endif }; void __unwind_start(struct unwind_state *state, struct task_struct *task, struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long *first_frame); bool unwind_next_frame(struct unwind_state *state); unsigned long unwind_get_return_address(struct unwind_state *state); unsigned long *unwind_get_return_address_ptr(struct unwind_state *state); static inline bool unwind_done(struct unwind_state *state) { return state->stack_info.type == STACK_TYPE_UNKNOWN; } static inline bool unwind_error(struct unwind_state *state) { return state->error; } static inline void unwind_start(struct unwind_state *state, struct task_struct *task, struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long *first_frame) { first_frame = first_frame ? : get_stack_pointer(task, regs); __unwind_start(state, task, regs, first_frame); } #if defined(CONFIG_UNWINDER_ORC) || defined(CONFIG_UNWINDER_FRAME_POINTER) /* * If 'partial' returns true, only the iret frame registers are valid. */ static inline struct pt_regs *unwind_get_entry_regs(struct unwind_state *state, bool *partial) { if (unwind_done(state)) return NULL; if (partial) { #ifdef CONFIG_UNWINDER_ORC *partial = !state->full_regs; #else *partial = false; #endif } return state->regs; } #else static inline struct pt_regs *unwind_get_entry_regs(struct unwind_state *state, bool *partial) { return NULL; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_UNWINDER_ORC void unwind_init(void); void unwind_module_init(struct module *mod, void *orc_ip, size_t orc_ip_size, void *orc, size_t orc_size); #else static inline void unwind_init(void) {} static inline void unwind_module_init(struct module *mod, void *orc_ip, size_t orc_ip_size, void *orc, size_t orc_size) {} #endif /* * This disables KASAN checking when reading a value from another task's stack, * since the other task could be running on another CPU and could have poisoned * the stack in the meantime. */ #define READ_ONCE_TASK_STACK(task, x) \ ({ \ unsigned long val; \ if (task == current) \ val = READ_ONCE(x); \ else \ val = READ_ONCE_NOCHECK(x); \ val; \ }) static inline bool task_on_another_cpu(struct task_struct *task) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP return task != current && task->on_cpu; #else return false; #endif } #endif /* _ASM_X86_UNWIND_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * include/linux/cpu.h - generic cpu definition * * This is mainly for topological representation. We define the * basic 'struct cpu' here, which can be embedded in per-arch * definitions of processors. * * Basic handling of the devices is done in drivers/base/cpu.c * * CPUs are exported via sysfs in the devices/system/cpu * directory. */ #ifndef _LINUX_CPU_H_ #define _LINUX_CPU_H_ #include <linux/node.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <linux/cpuhotplug.h> struct device; struct device_node; struct attribute_group; struct cpu { int node_id; /* The node which contains the CPU */ int hotpluggable; /* creates sysfs control file if hotpluggable */ struct device dev; }; extern void boot_cpu_init(void); extern void boot_cpu_hotplug_init(void); extern void cpu_init(void); extern void trap_init(void); extern int register_cpu(struct cpu *cpu, int num); extern struct device *get_cpu_device(unsigned cpu); extern bool cpu_is_hotpluggable(unsigned cpu); extern bool arch_match_cpu_phys_id(int cpu, u64 phys_id); extern bool arch_find_n_match_cpu_physical_id(struct device_node *cpun, int cpu, unsigned int *thread); extern int cpu_add_dev_attr(struct device_attribute *attr); extern void cpu_remove_dev_attr(struct device_attribute *attr); extern int cpu_add_dev_attr_group(struct attribute_group *attrs); extern void cpu_remove_dev_attr_group(struct attribute_group *attrs); extern ssize_t cpu_show_meltdown(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); extern ssize_t cpu_show_spectre_v1(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); extern ssize_t cpu_show_spectre_v2(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); extern ssize_t cpu_show_spec_store_bypass(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); extern ssize_t cpu_show_l1tf(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); extern ssize_t cpu_show_mds(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); extern ssize_t cpu_show_tsx_async_abort(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); extern ssize_t cpu_show_itlb_multihit(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); extern ssize_t cpu_show_srbds(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); extern __printf(4, 5) struct device *cpu_device_create(struct device *parent, void *drvdata, const struct attribute_group **groups, const char *fmt, ...); #ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU extern void unregister_cpu(struct cpu *cpu); extern ssize_t arch_cpu_probe(const char *, size_t); extern ssize_t arch_cpu_release(const char *, size_t); #endif /* * These states are not related to the core CPU hotplug mechanism. They are * used by various (sub)architectures to track internal state */ #define CPU_ONLINE 0x0002 /* CPU is up */ #define CPU_UP_PREPARE 0x0003 /* CPU coming up */ #define CPU_DEAD 0x0007 /* CPU dead */ #define CPU_DEAD_FROZEN 0x0008 /* CPU timed out on unplug */ #define CPU_POST_DEAD 0x0009 /* CPU successfully unplugged */ #define CPU_BROKEN 0x000B /* CPU did not die properly */ #ifdef CONFIG_SMP extern bool cpuhp_tasks_frozen; int add_cpu(unsigned int cpu); int cpu_device_up(struct device *dev); void notify_cpu_starting(unsigned int cpu); extern void cpu_maps_update_begin(void); extern void cpu_maps_update_done(void); int bringup_hibernate_cpu(unsigned int sleep_cpu); void bringup_nonboot_cpus(unsigned int setup_max_cpus); #else /* CONFIG_SMP */ #define cpuhp_tasks_frozen 0 static inline void cpu_maps_update_begin(void) { } static inline void cpu_maps_update_done(void) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ extern struct bus_type cpu_subsys; #ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU extern void cpus_write_lock(void); extern void cpus_write_unlock(void); extern void cpus_read_lock(void); extern void cpus_read_unlock(void); extern int cpus_read_trylock(void); extern void lockdep_assert_cpus_held(void); extern void cpu_hotplug_disable(void); extern void cpu_hotplug_enable(void); void clear_tasks_mm_cpumask(int cpu); int remove_cpu(unsigned int cpu); int cpu_device_down(struct device *dev); extern void smp_shutdown_nonboot_cpus(unsigned int primary_cpu); #else /* CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU */ static inline void cpus_write_lock(void) { } static inline void cpus_write_unlock(void) { } static inline void cpus_read_lock(void) { } static inline void cpus_read_unlock(void) { } static inline int cpus_read_trylock(void) { return true; } static inline void lockdep_assert_cpus_held(void) { } static inline void cpu_hotplug_disable(void) { } static inline void cpu_hotplug_enable(void) { } static inline void smp_shutdown_nonboot_cpus(unsigned int primary_cpu) { } #endif /* !CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU */ /* Wrappers which go away once all code is converted */ static inline void cpu_hotplug_begin(void) { cpus_write_lock(); } static inline void cpu_hotplug_done(void) { cpus_write_unlock(); } static inline void get_online_cpus(void) { cpus_read_lock(); } static inline void put_online_cpus(void) { cpus_read_unlock(); } #ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP_SMP extern int freeze_secondary_cpus(int primary); extern void thaw_secondary_cpus(void); static inline int suspend_disable_secondary_cpus(void) { int cpu = 0; if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PM_SLEEP_SMP_NONZERO_CPU)) cpu = -1; return freeze_secondary_cpus(cpu); } static inline void suspend_enable_secondary_cpus(void) { return thaw_secondary_cpus(); } #else /* !CONFIG_PM_SLEEP_SMP */ static inline void thaw_secondary_cpus(void) {} static inline int suspend_disable_secondary_cpus(void) { return 0; } static inline void suspend_enable_secondary_cpus(void) { } #endif /* !CONFIG_PM_SLEEP_SMP */ void cpu_startup_entry(enum cpuhp_state state); void cpu_idle_poll_ctrl(bool enable); /* Attach to any functions which should be considered cpuidle. */ #define __cpuidle __section(".cpuidle.text") bool cpu_in_idle(unsigned long pc); void arch_cpu_idle(void); void arch_cpu_idle_prepare(void); void arch_cpu_idle_enter(void); void arch_cpu_idle_exit(void); void arch_cpu_idle_dead(void); int cpu_report_state(int cpu); int cpu_check_up_prepare(int cpu); void cpu_set_state_online(int cpu); void play_idle_precise(u64 duration_ns, u64 latency_ns); static inline void play_idle(unsigned long duration_us) { play_idle_precise(duration_us * NSEC_PER_USEC, U64_MAX); } #ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU bool cpu_wait_death(unsigned int cpu, int seconds); bool cpu_report_death(void); void cpuhp_report_idle_dead(void); #else static inline void cpuhp_report_idle_dead(void) { } #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU */ enum cpuhp_smt_control { CPU_SMT_ENABLED, CPU_SMT_DISABLED, CPU_SMT_FORCE_DISABLED, CPU_SMT_NOT_SUPPORTED, CPU_SMT_NOT_IMPLEMENTED, }; #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) && defined(CONFIG_HOTPLUG_SMT) extern enum cpuhp_smt_control cpu_smt_control; extern void cpu_smt_disable(bool force); extern void cpu_smt_check_topology(void); extern bool cpu_smt_possible(void); extern int cpuhp_smt_enable(void); extern int cpuhp_smt_disable(enum cpuhp_smt_control ctrlval); #else # define cpu_smt_control (CPU_SMT_NOT_IMPLEMENTED) static inline void cpu_smt_disable(bool force) { } static inline void cpu_smt_check_topology(void) { } static inline bool cpu_smt_possible(void) { return false; } static inline int cpuhp_smt_enable(void) { return 0; } static inline int cpuhp_smt_disable(enum cpuhp_smt_control ctrlval) { return 0; } #endif extern bool cpu_mitigations_off(void); extern bool cpu_mitigations_auto_nosmt(void); #endif /* _LINUX_CPU_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * Fast and scalable bitmaps. * * Copyright (C) 2016 Facebook * Copyright (C) 2013-2014 Jens Axboe */ #ifndef __LINUX_SCALE_BITMAP_H #define __LINUX_SCALE_BITMAP_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/slab.h> struct seq_file; /** * struct sbitmap_word - Word in a &struct sbitmap. */ struct sbitmap_word { /** * @depth: Number of bits being used in @word/@cleared */ unsigned long depth; /** * @word: word holding free bits */ unsigned long word ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /** * @cleared: word holding cleared bits */ unsigned long cleared ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /** * @swap_lock: Held while swapping word <-> cleared */ spinlock_t swap_lock; } ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /** * struct sbitmap - Scalable bitmap. * * A &struct sbitmap is spread over multiple cachelines to avoid ping-pong. This * trades off higher memory usage for better scalability. */ struct sbitmap { /** * @depth: Number of bits used in the whole bitmap. */ unsigned int depth; /** * @shift: log2(number of bits used per word) */ unsigned int shift; /** * @map_nr: Number of words (cachelines) being used for the bitmap. */ unsigned int map_nr; /** * @map: Allocated bitmap. */ struct sbitmap_word *map; }; #define SBQ_WAIT_QUEUES 8 #define SBQ_WAKE_BATCH 8 /** * struct sbq_wait_state - Wait queue in a &struct sbitmap_queue. */ struct sbq_wait_state { /** * @wait_cnt: Number of frees remaining before we wake up. */ atomic_t wait_cnt; /** * @wait: Wait queue. */ wait_queue_head_t wait; } ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /** * struct sbitmap_queue - Scalable bitmap with the added ability to wait on free * bits. * * A &struct sbitmap_queue uses multiple wait queues and rolling wakeups to * avoid contention on the wait queue spinlock. This ensures that we don't hit a * scalability wall when we run out of free bits and have to start putting tasks * to sleep. */ struct sbitmap_queue { /** * @sb: Scalable bitmap. */ struct sbitmap sb; /* * @alloc_hint: Cache of last successfully allocated or freed bit. * * This is per-cpu, which allows multiple users to stick to different * cachelines until the map is exhausted. */ unsigned int __percpu *alloc_hint; /** * @wake_batch: Number of bits which must be freed before we wake up any * waiters. */ unsigned int wake_batch; /** * @wake_index: Next wait queue in @ws to wake up. */ atomic_t wake_index; /** * @ws: Wait queues. */ struct sbq_wait_state *ws; /* * @ws_active: count of currently active ws waitqueues */ atomic_t ws_active; /** * @round_robin: Allocate bits in strict round-robin order. */ bool round_robin; /** * @min_shallow_depth: The minimum shallow depth which may be passed to * sbitmap_queue_get_shallow() or __sbitmap_queue_get_shallow(). */ unsigned int min_shallow_depth; }; /** * sbitmap_init_node() - Initialize a &struct sbitmap on a specific memory node. * @sb: Bitmap to initialize. * @depth: Number of bits to allocate. * @shift: Use 2^@shift bits per word in the bitmap; if a negative number if * given, a good default is chosen. * @flags: Allocation flags. * @node: Memory node to allocate on. * * Return: Zero on success or negative errno on failure. */ int sbitmap_init_node(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int depth, int shift, gfp_t flags, int node); /** * sbitmap_free() - Free memory used by a &struct sbitmap. * @sb: Bitmap to free. */ static inline void sbitmap_free(struct sbitmap *sb) { kfree(sb->map); sb->map = NULL; } /** * sbitmap_resize() - Resize a &struct sbitmap. * @sb: Bitmap to resize. * @depth: New number of bits to resize to. * * Doesn't reallocate anything. It's up to the caller to ensure that the new * depth doesn't exceed the depth that the sb was initialized with. */ void sbitmap_resize(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int depth); /** * sbitmap_get() - Try to allocate a free bit from a &struct sbitmap. * @sb: Bitmap to allocate from. * @alloc_hint: Hint for where to start searching for a free bit. * @round_robin: If true, be stricter about allocation order; always allocate * starting from the last allocated bit. This is less efficient * than the default behavior (false). * * This operation provides acquire barrier semantics if it succeeds. * * Return: Non-negative allocated bit number if successful, -1 otherwise. */ int sbitmap_get(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int alloc_hint, bool round_robin); /** * sbitmap_get_shallow() - Try to allocate a free bit from a &struct sbitmap, * limiting the depth used from each word. * @sb: Bitmap to allocate from. * @alloc_hint: Hint for where to start searching for a free bit. * @shallow_depth: The maximum number of bits to allocate from a single word. * * This rather specific operation allows for having multiple users with * different allocation limits. E.g., there can be a high-priority class that * uses sbitmap_get() and a low-priority class that uses sbitmap_get_shallow() * with a @shallow_depth of (1 << (@sb->shift - 1)). Then, the low-priority * class can only allocate half of the total bits in the bitmap, preventing it * from starving out the high-priority class. * * Return: Non-negative allocated bit number if successful, -1 otherwise. */ int sbitmap_get_shallow(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int alloc_hint, unsigned long shallow_depth); /** * sbitmap_any_bit_set() - Check for a set bit in a &struct sbitmap. * @sb: Bitmap to check. * * Return: true if any bit in the bitmap is set, false otherwise. */ bool sbitmap_any_bit_set(const struct sbitmap *sb); #define SB_NR_TO_INDEX(sb, bitnr) ((bitnr) >> (sb)->shift) #define SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, bitnr) ((bitnr) & ((1U << (sb)->shift) - 1U)) typedef bool (*sb_for_each_fn)(struct sbitmap *, unsigned int, void *); /** * __sbitmap_for_each_set() - Iterate over each set bit in a &struct sbitmap. * @start: Where to start the iteration. * @sb: Bitmap to iterate over. * @fn: Callback. Should return true to continue or false to break early. * @data: Pointer to pass to callback. * * This is inline even though it's non-trivial so that the function calls to the * callback will hopefully get optimized away. */ static inline void __sbitmap_for_each_set(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int start, sb_for_each_fn fn, void *data) { unsigned int index; unsigned int nr; unsigned int scanned = 0; if (start >= sb->depth) start = 0; index = SB_NR_TO_INDEX(sb, start); nr = SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, start); while (scanned < sb->depth) { unsigned long word; unsigned int depth = min_t(unsigned int, sb->map[index].depth - nr, sb->depth - scanned); scanned += depth; word = sb->map[index].word & ~sb->map[index].cleared; if (!word) goto next; /* * On the first iteration of the outer loop, we need to add the * bit offset back to the size of the word for find_next_bit(). * On all other iterations, nr is zero, so this is a noop. */ depth += nr; while (1) { nr = find_next_bit(&word, depth, nr); if (nr >= depth) break; if (!fn(sb, (index << sb->shift) + nr, data)) return; nr++; } next: nr = 0; if (++index >= sb->map_nr) index = 0; } } /** * sbitmap_for_each_set() - Iterate over each set bit in a &struct sbitmap. * @sb: Bitmap to iterate over. * @fn: Callback. Should return true to continue or false to break early. * @data: Pointer to pass to callback. */ static inline void sbitmap_for_each_set(struct sbitmap *sb, sb_for_each_fn fn, void *data) { __sbitmap_for_each_set(sb, 0, fn, data); } static inline unsigned long *__sbitmap_word(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int bitnr) { return &sb->map[SB_NR_TO_INDEX(sb, bitnr)].word; } /* Helpers equivalent to the operations in asm/bitops.h and linux/bitmap.h */ static inline void sbitmap_set_bit(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int bitnr) { set_bit(SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, bitnr), __sbitmap_word(sb, bitnr)); } static inline void sbitmap_clear_bit(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int bitnr) { clear_bit(SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, bitnr), __sbitmap_word(sb, bitnr)); } /* * This one is special, since it doesn't actually clear the bit, rather it * sets the corresponding bit in the ->cleared mask instead. Paired with * the caller doing sbitmap_deferred_clear() if a given index is full, which * will clear the previously freed entries in the corresponding ->word. */ static inline void sbitmap_deferred_clear_bit(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int bitnr) { unsigned long *addr = &sb->map[SB_NR_TO_INDEX(sb, bitnr)].cleared; set_bit(SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, bitnr), addr); } static inline void sbitmap_clear_bit_unlock(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int bitnr) { clear_bit_unlock(SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, bitnr), __sbitmap_word(sb, bitnr)); } static inline int sbitmap_test_bit(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int bitnr) { return test_bit(SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, bitnr), __sbitmap_word(sb, bitnr)); } /** * sbitmap_show() - Dump &struct sbitmap information to a &struct seq_file. * @sb: Bitmap to show. * @m: struct seq_file to write to. * * This is intended for debugging. The format may change at any time. */ void sbitmap_show(struct sbitmap *sb, struct seq_file *m); /** * sbitmap_bitmap_show() - Write a hex dump of a &struct sbitmap to a &struct * seq_file. * @sb: Bitmap to show. * @m: struct seq_file to write to. * * This is intended for debugging. The output isn't guaranteed to be internally * consistent. */ void sbitmap_bitmap_show(struct sbitmap *sb, struct seq_file *m); /** * sbitmap_queue_init_node() - Initialize a &struct sbitmap_queue on a specific * memory node. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to initialize. * @depth: See sbitmap_init_node(). * @shift: See sbitmap_init_node(). * @round_robin: See sbitmap_get(). * @flags: Allocation flags. * @node: Memory node to allocate on. * * Return: Zero on success or negative errno on failure. */ int sbitmap_queue_init_node(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int depth, int shift, bool round_robin, gfp_t flags, int node); /** * sbitmap_queue_free() - Free memory used by a &struct sbitmap_queue. * * @sbq: Bitmap queue to free. */ static inline void sbitmap_queue_free(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq) { kfree(sbq->ws); free_percpu(sbq->alloc_hint); sbitmap_free(&sbq->sb); } /** * sbitmap_queue_resize() - Resize a &struct sbitmap_queue. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to resize. * @depth: New number of bits to resize to. * * Like sbitmap_resize(), this doesn't reallocate anything. It has to do * some extra work on the &struct sbitmap_queue, so it's not safe to just * resize the underlying &struct sbitmap. */ void sbitmap_queue_resize(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int depth); /** * __sbitmap_queue_get() - Try to allocate a free bit from a &struct * sbitmap_queue with preemption already disabled. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to allocate from. * * Return: Non-negative allocated bit number if successful, -1 otherwise. */ int __sbitmap_queue_get(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq); /** * __sbitmap_queue_get_shallow() - Try to allocate a free bit from a &struct * sbitmap_queue, limiting the depth used from each word, with preemption * already disabled. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to allocate from. * @shallow_depth: The maximum number of bits to allocate from a single word. * See sbitmap_get_shallow(). * * If you call this, make sure to call sbitmap_queue_min_shallow_depth() after * initializing @sbq. * * Return: Non-negative allocated bit number if successful, -1 otherwise. */ int __sbitmap_queue_get_shallow(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int shallow_depth); /** * sbitmap_queue_get() - Try to allocate a free bit from a &struct * sbitmap_queue. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to allocate from. * @cpu: Output parameter; will contain the CPU we ran on (e.g., to be passed to * sbitmap_queue_clear()). * * Return: Non-negative allocated bit number if successful, -1 otherwise. */ static inline int sbitmap_queue_get(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int *cpu) { int nr; *cpu = get_cpu(); nr = __sbitmap_queue_get(sbq); put_cpu(); return nr; } /** * sbitmap_queue_get_shallow() - Try to allocate a free bit from a &struct * sbitmap_queue, limiting the depth used from each word. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to allocate from. * @cpu: Output parameter; will contain the CPU we ran on (e.g., to be passed to * sbitmap_queue_clear()). * @shallow_depth: The maximum number of bits to allocate from a single word. * See sbitmap_get_shallow(). * * If you call this, make sure to call sbitmap_queue_min_shallow_depth() after * initializing @sbq. * * Return: Non-negative allocated bit number if successful, -1 otherwise. */ static inline int sbitmap_queue_get_shallow(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int *cpu, unsigned int shallow_depth) { int nr; *cpu = get_cpu(); nr = __sbitmap_queue_get_shallow(sbq, shallow_depth); put_cpu(); return nr; } /** * sbitmap_queue_min_shallow_depth() - Inform a &struct sbitmap_queue of the * minimum shallow depth that will be used. * @sbq: Bitmap queue in question. * @min_shallow_depth: The minimum shallow depth that will be passed to * sbitmap_queue_get_shallow() or __sbitmap_queue_get_shallow(). * * sbitmap_queue_clear() batches wakeups as an optimization. The batch size * depends on the depth of the bitmap. Since the shallow allocation functions * effectively operate with a different depth, the shallow depth must be taken * into account when calculating the batch size. This function must be called * with the minimum shallow depth that will be used. Failure to do so can result * in missed wakeups. */ void sbitmap_queue_min_shallow_depth(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int min_shallow_depth); /** * sbitmap_queue_clear() - Free an allocated bit and wake up waiters on a * &struct sbitmap_queue. * @sbq: Bitmap to free from. * @nr: Bit number to free. * @cpu: CPU the bit was allocated on. */ void sbitmap_queue_clear(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int nr, unsigned int cpu); static inline int sbq_index_inc(int index) { return (index + 1) & (SBQ_WAIT_QUEUES - 1); } static inline void sbq_index_atomic_inc(atomic_t *index) { int old = atomic_read(index); int new = sbq_index_inc(old); atomic_cmpxchg(index, old, new); } /** * sbq_wait_ptr() - Get the next wait queue to use for a &struct * sbitmap_queue. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to wait on. * @wait_index: A counter per "user" of @sbq. */ static inline struct sbq_wait_state *sbq_wait_ptr(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, atomic_t *wait_index) { struct sbq_wait_state *ws; ws = &sbq->ws[atomic_read(wait_index)]; sbq_index_atomic_inc(wait_index); return ws; } /** * sbitmap_queue_wake_all() - Wake up everything waiting on a &struct * sbitmap_queue. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to wake up. */ void sbitmap_queue_wake_all(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq); /** * sbitmap_queue_wake_up() - Wake up some of waiters in one waitqueue * on a &struct sbitmap_queue. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to wake up. */ void sbitmap_queue_wake_up(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq); /** * sbitmap_queue_show() - Dump &struct sbitmap_queue information to a &struct * seq_file. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to show. * @m: struct seq_file to write to. * * This is intended for debugging. The format may change at any time. */ void sbitmap_queue_show(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, struct seq_file *m); struct sbq_wait { struct sbitmap_queue *sbq; /* if set, sbq_wait is accounted */ struct wait_queue_entry wait; }; #define DEFINE_SBQ_WAIT(name) \ struct sbq_wait name = { \ .sbq = NULL, \ .wait = { \ .private = current, \ .func = autoremove_wake_function, \ .entry = LIST_HEAD_INIT((name).wait.entry), \ } \ } /* * Wrapper around prepare_to_wait_exclusive(), which maintains some extra * internal state. */ void sbitmap_prepare_to_wait(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, struct sbq_wait_state *ws, struct sbq_wait *sbq_wait, int state); /* * Must be paired with sbitmap_prepare_to_wait(). */ void sbitmap_finish_wait(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, struct sbq_wait_state *ws, struct sbq_wait *sbq_wait); /* * Wrapper around add_wait_queue(), which maintains some extra internal state */ void sbitmap_add_wait_queue(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, struct sbq_wait_state *ws, struct sbq_wait *sbq_wait); /* * Must be paired with sbitmap_add_wait_queue() */ void sbitmap_del_wait_queue(struct sbq_wait *sbq_wait); #endif /* __LINUX_SCALE_BITMAP_H */
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Note that we have no way to track which tasks are using * a page, though if it is a pagecache page, rmap structures can tell us * who is mapping it. * * If you allocate the page using alloc_pages(), you can use some of the * space in struct page for your own purposes. The five words in the main * union are available, except for bit 0 of the first word which must be * kept clear. Many users use this word to store a pointer to an object * which is guaranteed to be aligned. If you use the same storage as * page->mapping, you must restore it to NULL before freeing the page. * * If your page will not be mapped to userspace, you can also use the four * bytes in the mapcount union, but you must call page_mapcount_reset() * before freeing it. * * If you want to use the refcount field, it must be used in such a way * that other CPUs temporarily incrementing and then decrementing the * refcount does not cause problems. On receiving the page from * alloc_pages(), the refcount will be positive. * * If you allocate pages of order > 0, you can use some of the fields * in each subpage, but you may need to restore some of their values * afterwards. * * SLUB uses cmpxchg_double() to atomically update its freelist and * counters. That requires that freelist & counters be adjacent and * double-word aligned. We align all struct pages to double-word * boundaries, and ensure that 'freelist' is aligned within the * struct. */ #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ALIGNED_STRUCT_PAGE #define _struct_page_alignment __aligned(2 * sizeof(unsigned long)) #else #define _struct_page_alignment #endif struct page { unsigned long flags; /* Atomic flags, some possibly * updated asynchronously */ /* * Five words (20/40 bytes) are available in this union. * WARNING: bit 0 of the first word is used for PageTail(). That * means the other users of this union MUST NOT use the bit to * avoid collision and false-positive PageTail(). */ union { struct { /* Page cache and anonymous pages */ /** * @lru: Pageout list, eg. active_list protected by * pgdat->lru_lock. Sometimes used as a generic list * by the page owner. */ struct list_head lru; /* See page-flags.h for PAGE_MAPPING_FLAGS */ struct address_space *mapping; pgoff_t index; /* Our offset within mapping. */ /** * @private: Mapping-private opaque data. * Usually used for buffer_heads if PagePrivate. * Used for swp_entry_t if PageSwapCache. * Indicates order in the buddy system if PageBuddy. */ unsigned long private; }; struct { /* page_pool used by netstack */ /** * @dma_addr: might require a 64-bit value on * 32-bit architectures. */ unsigned long dma_addr[2]; }; struct { /* slab, slob and slub */ union { struct list_head slab_list; struct { /* Partial pages */ struct page *next; #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT int pages; /* Nr of pages left */ int pobjects; /* Approximate count */ #else short int pages; short int pobjects; #endif }; }; struct kmem_cache *slab_cache; /* not slob */ /* Double-word boundary */ void *freelist; /* first free object */ union { void *s_mem; /* slab: first object */ unsigned long counters; /* SLUB */ struct { /* SLUB */ unsigned inuse:16; unsigned objects:15; unsigned frozen:1; }; }; }; struct { /* Tail pages of compound page */ unsigned long compound_head; /* Bit zero is set */ /* First tail page only */ unsigned char compound_dtor; unsigned char compound_order; atomic_t compound_mapcount; unsigned int compound_nr; /* 1 << compound_order */ }; struct { /* Second tail page of compound page */ unsigned long _compound_pad_1; /* compound_head */ atomic_t hpage_pinned_refcount; /* For both global and memcg */ struct list_head deferred_list; }; struct { /* Page table pages */ unsigned long _pt_pad_1; /* compound_head */ pgtable_t pmd_huge_pte; /* protected by page->ptl */ unsigned long _pt_pad_2; /* mapping */ union { struct mm_struct *pt_mm; /* x86 pgds only */ atomic_t pt_frag_refcount; /* powerpc */ }; #if ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS spinlock_t *ptl; #else spinlock_t ptl; #endif }; struct { /* ZONE_DEVICE pages */ /** @pgmap: Points to the hosting device page map. */ struct dev_pagemap *pgmap; void *zone_device_data; /* * ZONE_DEVICE private pages are counted as being * mapped so the next 3 words hold the mapping, index, * and private fields from the source anonymous or * page cache page while the page is migrated to device * private memory. * ZONE_DEVICE MEMORY_DEVICE_FS_DAX pages also * use the mapping, index, and private fields when * pmem backed DAX files are mapped. */ }; /** @rcu_head: You can use this to free a page by RCU. */ struct rcu_head rcu_head; }; union { /* This union is 4 bytes in size. */ /* * If the page can be mapped to userspace, encodes the number * of times this page is referenced by a page table. */ atomic_t _mapcount; /* * If the page is neither PageSlab nor mappable to userspace, * the value stored here may help determine what this page * is used for. See page-flags.h for a list of page types * which are currently stored here. */ unsigned int page_type; unsigned int active; /* SLAB */ int units; /* SLOB */ }; /* Usage count. *DO NOT USE DIRECTLY*. See page_ref.h */ atomic_t _refcount; #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG union { struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup; struct obj_cgroup **obj_cgroups; }; #endif /* * On machines where all RAM is mapped into kernel address space, * we can simply calculate the virtual address. On machines with * highmem some memory is mapped into kernel virtual memory * dynamically, so we need a place to store that address. * Note that this field could be 16 bits on x86 ... ;) * * Architectures with slow multiplication can define * WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL in asm/page.h */ #if defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL) void *virtual; /* Kernel virtual address (NULL if not kmapped, ie. highmem) */ #endif /* WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL */ #ifdef LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS int _last_cpupid; #endif } _struct_page_alignment; static inline atomic_t *compound_mapcount_ptr(struct page *page) { return &page[1].compound_mapcount; } static inline atomic_t *compound_pincount_ptr(struct page *page) { return &page[2].hpage_pinned_refcount; } /* * Used for sizing the vmemmap region on some architectures */ #define STRUCT_PAGE_MAX_SHIFT (order_base_2(sizeof(struct page))) #define PAGE_FRAG_CACHE_MAX_SIZE __ALIGN_MASK(32768, ~PAGE_MASK) #define PAGE_FRAG_CACHE_MAX_ORDER get_order(PAGE_FRAG_CACHE_MAX_SIZE) #define page_private(page) ((page)->private) static inline void set_page_private(struct page *page, unsigned long private) { page->private = private; } struct page_frag_cache { void * va; #if (PAGE_SIZE < PAGE_FRAG_CACHE_MAX_SIZE) __u16 offset; __u16 size; #else __u32 offset; #endif /* we maintain a pagecount bias, so that we dont dirty cache line * containing page->_refcount every time we allocate a fragment. */ unsigned int pagecnt_bias; bool pfmemalloc; }; typedef unsigned long vm_flags_t; /* * A region containing a mapping of a non-memory backed file under NOMMU * conditions. These are held in a global tree and are pinned by the VMAs that * map parts of them. */ struct vm_region { struct rb_node vm_rb; /* link in global region tree */ vm_flags_t vm_flags; /* VMA vm_flags */ unsigned long vm_start; /* start address of region */ unsigned long vm_end; /* region initialised to here */ unsigned long vm_top; /* region allocated to here */ unsigned long vm_pgoff; /* the offset in vm_file corresponding to vm_start */ struct file *vm_file; /* the backing file or NULL */ int vm_usage; /* region usage count (access under nommu_region_sem) */ bool vm_icache_flushed : 1; /* true if the icache has been flushed for * this region */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_USERFAULTFD #define NULL_VM_UFFD_CTX ((struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx) { NULL, }) struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx { struct userfaultfd_ctx *ctx; }; #else /* CONFIG_USERFAULTFD */ #define NULL_VM_UFFD_CTX ((struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx) {}) struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx {}; #endif /* CONFIG_USERFAULTFD */ /* * This struct describes a virtual memory area. There is one of these * per VM-area/task. A VM area is any part of the process virtual memory * space that has a special rule for the page-fault handlers (ie a shared * library, the executable area etc). */ struct vm_area_struct { /* The first cache line has the info for VMA tree walking. */ unsigned long vm_start; /* Our start address within vm_mm. */ unsigned long vm_end; /* The first byte after our end address within vm_mm. */ /* linked list of VM areas per task, sorted by address */ struct vm_area_struct *vm_next, *vm_prev; struct rb_node vm_rb; /* * Largest free memory gap in bytes to the left of this VMA. * Either between this VMA and vma->vm_prev, or between one of the * VMAs below us in the VMA rbtree and its ->vm_prev. This helps * get_unmapped_area find a free area of the right size. */ unsigned long rb_subtree_gap; /* Second cache line starts here. */ struct mm_struct *vm_mm; /* The address space we belong to. */ /* * Access permissions of this VMA. * See vmf_insert_mixed_prot() for discussion. */ pgprot_t vm_page_prot; unsigned long vm_flags; /* Flags, see mm.h. */ /* * For areas with an address space and backing store, * linkage into the address_space->i_mmap interval tree. */ struct { struct rb_node rb; unsigned long rb_subtree_last; } shared; /* * A file's MAP_PRIVATE vma can be in both i_mmap tree and anon_vma * list, after a COW of one of the file pages. A MAP_SHARED vma * can only be in the i_mmap tree. An anonymous MAP_PRIVATE, stack * or brk vma (with NULL file) can only be in an anon_vma list. */ struct list_head anon_vma_chain; /* Serialized by mmap_lock & * page_table_lock */ struct anon_vma *anon_vma; /* Serialized by page_table_lock */ /* Function pointers to deal with this struct. */ const struct vm_operations_struct *vm_ops; /* Information about our backing store: */ unsigned long vm_pgoff; /* Offset (within vm_file) in PAGE_SIZE units */ struct file * vm_file; /* File we map to (can be NULL). */ void * vm_private_data; /* was vm_pte (shared mem) */ #ifdef CONFIG_SWAP atomic_long_t swap_readahead_info; #endif #ifndef CONFIG_MMU struct vm_region *vm_region; /* NOMMU mapping region */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA struct mempolicy *vm_policy; /* NUMA policy for the VMA */ #endif struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx vm_userfaultfd_ctx; } __randomize_layout; struct core_thread { struct task_struct *task; struct core_thread *next; }; struct core_state { atomic_t nr_threads; struct core_thread dumper; struct completion startup; }; struct kioctx_table; struct mm_struct { struct { struct vm_area_struct *mmap; /* list of VMAs */ struct rb_root mm_rb; u64 vmacache_seqnum; /* per-thread vmacache */ #ifdef CONFIG_MMU unsigned long (*get_unmapped_area) (struct file *filp, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long flags); #endif unsigned long mmap_base; /* base of mmap area */ unsigned long mmap_legacy_base; /* base of mmap area in bottom-up allocations */ #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_COMPAT_MMAP_BASES /* Base adresses for compatible mmap() */ unsigned long mmap_compat_base; unsigned long mmap_compat_legacy_base; #endif unsigned long task_size; /* size of task vm space */ unsigned long highest_vm_end; /* highest vma end address */ pgd_t * pgd; #ifdef CONFIG_MEMBARRIER /** * @membarrier_state: Flags controlling membarrier behavior. * * This field is close to @pgd to hopefully fit in the same * cache-line, which needs to be touched by switch_mm(). */ atomic_t membarrier_state; #endif /** * @mm_users: The number of users including userspace. * * Use mmget()/mmget_not_zero()/mmput() to modify. When this * drops to 0 (i.e. when the task exits and there are no other * temporary reference holders), we also release a reference on * @mm_count (which may then free the &struct mm_struct if * @mm_count also drops to 0). */ atomic_t mm_users; /** * @mm_count: The number of references to &struct mm_struct * (@mm_users count as 1). * * Use mmgrab()/mmdrop() to modify. When this drops to 0, the * &struct mm_struct is freed. */ atomic_t mm_count; /** * @has_pinned: Whether this mm has pinned any pages. This can * be either replaced in the future by @pinned_vm when it * becomes stable, or grow into a counter on its own. We're * aggresive on this bit now - even if the pinned pages were * unpinned later on, we'll still keep this bit set for the * lifecycle of this mm just for simplicity. */ atomic_t has_pinned; #ifdef CONFIG_MMU atomic_long_t pgtables_bytes; /* PTE page table pages */ #endif int map_count; /* number of VMAs */ spinlock_t page_table_lock; /* Protects page tables and some * counters */ /* * With some kernel config, the current mmap_lock's offset * inside 'mm_struct' is at 0x120, which is very optimal, as * its two hot fields 'count' and 'owner' sit in 2 different * cachelines, and when mmap_lock is highly contended, both * of the 2 fields will be accessed frequently, current layout * will help to reduce cache bouncing. * * So please be careful with adding new fields before * mmap_lock, which can easily push the 2 fields into one * cacheline. */ struct rw_semaphore mmap_lock; struct list_head mmlist; /* List of maybe swapped mm's. These * are globally strung together off * init_mm.mmlist, and are protected * by mmlist_lock */ unsigned long hiwater_rss; /* High-watermark of RSS usage */ unsigned long hiwater_vm; /* High-water virtual memory usage */ unsigned long total_vm; /* Total pages mapped */ unsigned long locked_vm; /* Pages that have PG_mlocked set */ atomic64_t pinned_vm; /* Refcount permanently increased */ unsigned long data_vm; /* VM_WRITE & ~VM_SHARED & ~VM_STACK */ unsigned long exec_vm; /* VM_EXEC & ~VM_WRITE & ~VM_STACK */ unsigned long stack_vm; /* VM_STACK */ unsigned long def_flags; /** * @write_protect_seq: Locked when any thread is write * protecting pages mapped by this mm to enforce a later COW, * for instance during page table copying for fork(). */ seqcount_t write_protect_seq; spinlock_t arg_lock; /* protect the below fields */ unsigned long start_code, end_code, start_data, end_data; unsigned long start_brk, brk, start_stack; unsigned long arg_start, arg_end, env_start, env_end; unsigned long saved_auxv[AT_VECTOR_SIZE]; /* for /proc/PID/auxv */ /* * Special counters, in some configurations protected by the * page_table_lock, in other configurations by being atomic. */ struct mm_rss_stat rss_stat; struct linux_binfmt *binfmt; /* Architecture-specific MM context */ mm_context_t context; unsigned long flags; /* Must use atomic bitops to access */ struct core_state *core_state; /* coredumping support */ #ifdef CONFIG_AIO spinlock_t ioctx_lock; struct kioctx_table __rcu *ioctx_table; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG /* * "owner" points to a task that is regarded as the canonical * user/owner of this mm. All of the following must be true in * order for it to be changed: * * current == mm->owner * current->mm != mm * new_owner->mm == mm * new_owner->alloc_lock is held */ struct task_struct __rcu *owner; #endif struct user_namespace *user_ns; /* store ref to file /proc/<pid>/exe symlink points to */ struct file __rcu *exe_file; #ifdef CONFIG_MMU_NOTIFIER struct mmu_notifier_subscriptions *notifier_subscriptions; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && !USE_SPLIT_PMD_PTLOCKS pgtable_t pmd_huge_pte; /* protected by page_table_lock */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING /* * numa_next_scan is the next time that the PTEs will be marked * pte_numa. NUMA hinting faults will gather statistics and * migrate pages to new nodes if necessary. */ unsigned long numa_next_scan; /* Restart point for scanning and setting pte_numa */ unsigned long numa_scan_offset; /* numa_scan_seq prevents two threads setting pte_numa */ int numa_scan_seq; #endif /* * An operation with batched TLB flushing is going on. Anything * that can move process memory needs to flush the TLB when * moving a PROT_NONE or PROT_NUMA mapped page. */ atomic_t tlb_flush_pending; #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_BATCHED_UNMAP_TLB_FLUSH /* See flush_tlb_batched_pending() */ bool tlb_flush_batched; #endif struct uprobes_state uprobes_state; #ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE atomic_long_t hugetlb_usage; #endif struct work_struct async_put_work; #ifdef CONFIG_IOMMU_SUPPORT u32 pasid; #endif } __randomize_layout; /* * The mm_cpumask needs to be at the end of mm_struct, because it * is dynamically sized based on nr_cpu_ids. */ unsigned long cpu_bitmap[]; }; extern struct mm_struct init_mm; /* Pointer magic because the dynamic array size confuses some compilers. */ static inline void mm_init_cpumask(struct mm_struct *mm) { unsigned long cpu_bitmap = (unsigned long)mm; cpu_bitmap += offsetof(struct mm_struct, cpu_bitmap); cpumask_clear((struct cpumask *)cpu_bitmap); } /* Future-safe accessor for struct mm_struct's cpu_vm_mask. */ static inline cpumask_t *mm_cpumask(struct mm_struct *mm) { return (struct cpumask *)&mm->cpu_bitmap; } struct mmu_gather; extern void tlb_gather_mmu(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); extern void tlb_finish_mmu(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); static inline void init_tlb_flush_pending(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_set(&mm->tlb_flush_pending, 0); } static inline void inc_tlb_flush_pending(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_inc(&mm->tlb_flush_pending); /* * The only time this value is relevant is when there are indeed pages * to flush. And we'll only flush pages after changing them, which * requires the PTL. * * So the ordering here is: * * atomic_inc(&mm->tlb_flush_pending); * spin_lock(&ptl); * ... * set_pte_at(); * spin_unlock(&ptl); * * spin_lock(&ptl) * mm_tlb_flush_pending(); * .... * spin_unlock(&ptl); * * flush_tlb_range(); * atomic_dec(&mm->tlb_flush_pending); * * Where the increment if constrained by the PTL unlock, it thus * ensures that the increment is visible if the PTE modification is * visible. After all, if there is no PTE modification, nobody cares * about TLB flushes either. * * This very much relies on users (mm_tlb_flush_pending() and * mm_tlb_flush_nested()) only caring about _specific_ PTEs (and * therefore specific PTLs), because with SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS and RCpc * locks (PPC) the unlock of one doesn't order against the lock of * another PTL. * * The decrement is ordered by the flush_tlb_range(), such that * mm_tlb_flush_pending() will not return false unless all flushes have * completed. */ } static inline void dec_tlb_flush_pending(struct mm_struct *mm) { /* * See inc_tlb_flush_pending(). * * This cannot be smp_mb__before_atomic() because smp_mb() simply does * not order against TLB invalidate completion, which is what we need. * * Therefore we must rely on tlb_flush_*() to guarantee order. */ atomic_dec(&mm->tlb_flush_pending); } static inline bool mm_tlb_flush_pending(struct mm_struct *mm) { /* * Must be called after having acquired the PTL; orders against that * PTLs release and therefore ensures that if we observe the modified * PTE we must also observe the increment from inc_tlb_flush_pending(). * * That is, it only guarantees to return true if there is a flush * pending for _this_ PTL. */ return atomic_read(&mm->tlb_flush_pending); } static inline bool mm_tlb_flush_nested(struct mm_struct *mm) { /* * Similar to mm_tlb_flush_pending(), we must have acquired the PTL * for which there is a TLB flush pending in order to guarantee * we've seen both that PTE modification and the increment. * * (no requirement on actually still holding the PTL, that is irrelevant) */ return atomic_read(&mm->tlb_flush_pending) > 1; } struct vm_fault; /** * typedef vm_fault_t - Return type for page fault handlers. * * Page fault handlers return a bitmask of %VM_FAULT values. */ typedef __bitwise unsigned int vm_fault_t; /** * enum vm_fault_reason - Page fault handlers return a bitmask of * these values to tell the core VM what happened when handling the * fault. Used to decide whether a process gets delivered SIGBUS or * just gets major/minor fault counters bumped up. * * @VM_FAULT_OOM: Out Of Memory * @VM_FAULT_SIGBUS: Bad access * @VM_FAULT_MAJOR: Page read from storage * @VM_FAULT_WRITE: Special case for get_user_pages * @VM_FAULT_HWPOISON: Hit poisoned small page * @VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE: Hit poisoned large page. Index encoded * in upper bits * @VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV: segmentation fault * @VM_FAULT_NOPAGE: ->fault installed the pte, not return page * @VM_FAULT_LOCKED: ->fault locked the returned page * @VM_FAULT_RETRY: ->fault blocked, must retry * @VM_FAULT_FALLBACK: huge page fault failed, fall back to small * @VM_FAULT_DONE_COW: ->fault has fully handled COW * @VM_FAULT_NEEDDSYNC: ->fault did not modify page tables and needs * fsync() to complete (for synchronous page faults * in DAX) * @VM_FAULT_HINDEX_MASK: mask HINDEX value * */ enum vm_fault_reason { VM_FAULT_OOM = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000001, VM_FAULT_SIGBUS = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000002, VM_FAULT_MAJOR = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000004, VM_FAULT_WRITE = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000008, VM_FAULT_HWPOISON = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000010, VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000020, VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000040, VM_FAULT_NOPAGE = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000100, VM_FAULT_LOCKED = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000200, VM_FAULT_RETRY = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000400, VM_FAULT_FALLBACK = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000800, VM_FAULT_DONE_COW = (__force vm_fault_t)0x001000, VM_FAULT_NEEDDSYNC = (__force vm_fault_t)0x002000, VM_FAULT_HINDEX_MASK = (__force vm_fault_t)0x0f0000, }; /* Encode hstate index for a hwpoisoned large page */ #define VM_FAULT_SET_HINDEX(x) ((__force vm_fault_t)((x) << 16)) #define VM_FAULT_GET_HINDEX(x) (((__force unsigned int)(x) >> 16) & 0xf) #define VM_FAULT_ERROR (VM_FAULT_OOM | VM_FAULT_SIGBUS | \ VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV | VM_FAULT_HWPOISON | \ VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE | VM_FAULT_FALLBACK) #define VM_FAULT_RESULT_TRACE \ { VM_FAULT_OOM, "OOM" }, \ { VM_FAULT_SIGBUS, "SIGBUS" }, \ { VM_FAULT_MAJOR, "MAJOR" }, \ { VM_FAULT_WRITE, "WRITE" }, \ { VM_FAULT_HWPOISON, "HWPOISON" }, \ { VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE, "HWPOISON_LARGE" }, \ { VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV, "SIGSEGV" }, \ { VM_FAULT_NOPAGE, "NOPAGE" }, \ { VM_FAULT_LOCKED, "LOCKED" }, \ { VM_FAULT_RETRY, "RETRY" }, \ { VM_FAULT_FALLBACK, "FALLBACK" }, \ { VM_FAULT_DONE_COW, "DONE_COW" }, \ { VM_FAULT_NEEDDSYNC, "NEEDDSYNC" } struct vm_special_mapping { const char *name; /* The name, e.g. "[vdso]". */ /* * If .fault is not provided, this points to a * NULL-terminated array of pages that back the special mapping. * * This must not be NULL unless .fault is provided. */ struct page **pages; /* * If non-NULL, then this is called to resolve page faults * on the special mapping. If used, .pages is not checked. */ vm_fault_t (*fault)(const struct vm_special_mapping *sm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_fault *vmf); int (*mremap)(const struct vm_special_mapping *sm, struct vm_area_struct *new_vma); }; enum tlb_flush_reason { TLB_FLUSH_ON_TASK_SWITCH, TLB_REMOTE_SHOOTDOWN, TLB_LOCAL_SHOOTDOWN, TLB_LOCAL_MM_SHOOTDOWN, TLB_REMOTE_SEND_IPI, NR_TLB_FLUSH_REASONS, }; /* * A swap entry has to fit into a "unsigned long", as the entry is hidden * in the "index" field of the swapper address space. */ typedef struct { unsigned long val; } swp_entry_t; #endif /* _LINUX_MM_TYPES_H */
1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_PAGE_REF_H #define _LINUX_PAGE_REF_H #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/page-flags.h> #include <linux/tracepoint-defs.h> DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(page_ref_set); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(page_ref_mod); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(page_ref_mod_and_test); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(page_ref_mod_and_return); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(page_ref_mod_unless); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(page_ref_freeze); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(page_ref_unfreeze); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGE_REF /* * Ideally we would want to use the trace_<tracepoint>_enabled() helper * functions. But due to include header file issues, that is not * feasible. Instead we have to open code the static key functions. * * See trace_##name##_enabled(void) in include/linux/tracepoint.h */ #define page_ref_tracepoint_active(t) tracepoint_enabled(t) extern void __page_ref_set(struct page *page, int v); extern void __page_ref_mod(struct page *page, int v); extern void __page_ref_mod_and_test(struct page *page, int v, int ret); extern void __page_ref_mod_and_return(struct page *page, int v, int ret); extern void __page_ref_mod_unless(struct page *page, int v, int u); extern void __page_ref_freeze(struct page *page, int v, int ret); extern void __page_ref_unfreeze(struct page *page, int v); #else #define page_ref_tracepoint_active(t) false static inline void __page_ref_set(struct page *page, int v) { } static inline void __page_ref_mod(struct page *page, int v) { } static inline void __page_ref_mod_and_test(struct page *page, int v, int ret) { } static inline void __page_ref_mod_and_return(struct page *page, int v, int ret) { } static inline void __page_ref_mod_unless(struct page *page, int v, int u) { } static inline void __page_ref_freeze(struct page *page, int v, int ret) { } static inline void __page_ref_unfreeze(struct page *page, int v) { } #endif static inline int page_ref_count(struct page *page) { return atomic_read(&page->_refcount); } static inline int page_count(struct page *page) { return atomic_read(&compound_head(page)->_refcount); } static inline void set_page_count(struct page *page, int v) { atomic_set(&page->_refcount, v); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_set)) __page_ref_set(page, v); } /* * Setup the page count before being freed into the page allocator for * the first time (boot or memory hotplug) */ static inline void init_page_count(struct page *page) { set_page_count(page, 1); } static inline void page_ref_add(struct page *page, int nr) { atomic_add(nr, &page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod)) __page_ref_mod(page, nr); } static inline void page_ref_sub(struct page *page, int nr) { atomic_sub(nr, &page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod)) __page_ref_mod(page, -nr); } static inline int page_ref_sub_return(struct page *page, int nr) { int ret = atomic_sub_return(nr, &page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod_and_return)) __page_ref_mod_and_return(page, -nr, ret); return ret; } static inline void page_ref_inc(struct page *page) { atomic_inc(&page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod)) __page_ref_mod(page, 1); } static inline void page_ref_dec(struct page *page) { atomic_dec(&page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod)) __page_ref_mod(page, -1); } static inline int page_ref_sub_and_test(struct page *page, int nr) { int ret = atomic_sub_and_test(nr, &page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod_and_test)) __page_ref_mod_and_test(page, -nr, ret); return ret; } static inline int page_ref_inc_return(struct page *page) { int ret = atomic_inc_return(&page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod_and_return)) __page_ref_mod_and_return(page, 1, ret); return ret; } static inline int page_ref_dec_and_test(struct page *page) { int ret = atomic_dec_and_test(&page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod_and_test)) __page_ref_mod_and_test(page, -1, ret); return ret; } static inline int page_ref_dec_return(struct page *page) { int ret = atomic_dec_return(&page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod_and_return)) __page_ref_mod_and_return(page, -1, ret); return ret; } static inline int page_ref_add_unless(struct page *page, int nr, int u) { int ret = atomic_add_unless(&page->_refcount, nr, u); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod_unless)) __page_ref_mod_unless(page, nr, ret); return ret; } static inline int page_ref_freeze(struct page *page, int count) { int ret = likely(atomic_cmpxchg(&page->_refcount, count, 0) == count); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_freeze)) __page_ref_freeze(page, count, ret); return ret; } static inline void page_ref_unfreeze(struct page *page, int count) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_count(page) != 0, page); VM_BUG_ON(count == 0); atomic_set_release(&page->_refcount, count); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_unfreeze)) __page_ref_unfreeze(page, count); } #endif
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// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+ /* * linux/fs/jbd2/journal.c * * Written by Stephen C. Tweedie <sct@redhat.com>, 1998 * * Copyright 1998 Red Hat corp --- All Rights Reserved * * Generic filesystem journal-writing code; part of the ext2fs * journaling system. * * This file manages journals: areas of disk reserved for logging * transactional updates. This includes the kernel journaling thread * which is responsible for scheduling updates to the log. * * We do not actually manage the physical storage of the journal in this * file: that is left to a per-journal policy function, which allows us * to store the journal within a filesystem-specified area for ext2 * journaling (ext2 can use a reserved inode for storing the log). */ #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/jbd2.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/freezer.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/kthread.h> #include <linux/poison.h> #include <linux/proc_fs.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/math64.h> #include <linux/hash.h> #include <linux/log2.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <linux/backing-dev.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/ratelimit.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <trace/events/jbd2.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/page.h> #ifdef CONFIG_JBD2_DEBUG ushort jbd2_journal_enable_debug __read_mostly; EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_enable_debug); module_param_named(jbd2_debug, jbd2_journal_enable_debug, ushort, 0644); MODULE_PARM_DESC(jbd2_debug, "Debugging level for jbd2"); #endif EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_extend); EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_stop); EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_lock_updates); EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_unlock_updates); EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_get_write_access); EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_get_create_access); EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_get_undo_access); EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_set_triggers); EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_dirty_metadata); EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_forget); EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_flush); EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_revoke); EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_init_dev); EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_init_inode); EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_check_used_features); EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_check_available_features); EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_set_features); EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_load); EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_destroy); EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_abort); EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_errno); EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_ack_err); EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_clear_err); EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_log_wait_commit); EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_log_start_commit); EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_start_commit); EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_force_commit_nested); EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_wipe); EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_blocks_per_page); EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_invalidatepage); EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_try_to_free_buffers); EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_force_commit); EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_inode_ranged_write); EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_inode_ranged_wait); EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_submit_inode_data_buffers); EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_finish_inode_data_buffers); EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_init_jbd_inode); EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_release_jbd_inode); EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_begin_ordered_truncate); EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_inode_cache); static int jbd2_journal_create_slab(size_t slab_size); #ifdef CONFIG_JBD2_DEBUG void __jbd2_debug(int level, const char *file, const char *func, unsigned int line, const char *fmt, ...) { struct va_format vaf; va_list args; if (level > jbd2_journal_enable_debug) return; va_start(args, fmt); vaf.fmt = fmt; vaf.va = &args; printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: (%s, %u): %pV", file, func, line, &vaf); va_end(args); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__jbd2_debug); #endif /* Checksumming functions */ static int jbd2_verify_csum_type(journal_t *j, journal_superblock_t *sb) { if (!jbd2_journal_has_csum_v2or3_feature(j)) return 1; return sb->s_checksum_type == JBD2_CRC32C_CHKSUM; } static __be32 jbd2_superblock_csum(journal_t *j, journal_superblock_t *sb) { __u32 csum; __be32 old_csum; old_csum = sb->s_checksum; sb->s_checksum = 0; csum = jbd2_chksum(j, ~0, (char *)sb, sizeof(journal_superblock_t)); sb->s_checksum = old_csum; return cpu_to_be32(csum); } /* * Helper function used to manage commit timeouts */ static void commit_timeout(struct timer_list *t) { journal_t *journal = from_timer(journal, t, j_commit_timer); wake_up_process(journal->j_task); } /* * kjournald2: The main thread function used to manage a logging device * journal. * * This kernel thread is responsible for two things: * * 1) COMMIT: Every so often we need to commit the current state of the * filesystem to disk. The journal thread is responsible for writing * all of the metadata buffers to disk. If a fast commit is ongoing * journal thread waits until it's done and then continues from * there on. * * 2) CHECKPOINT: We cannot reuse a used section of the log file until all * of the data in that part of the log has been rewritten elsewhere on * the disk. Flushing these old buffers to reclaim space in the log is * known as checkpointing, and this thread is responsible for that job. */ static int kjournald2(void *arg) { journal_t *journal = arg; transaction_t *transaction; /* * Set up an interval timer which can be used to trigger a commit wakeup * after the commit interval expires */ timer_setup(&journal->j_commit_timer, commit_timeout, 0); set_freezable(); /* Record that the journal thread is running */ journal->j_task = current; wake_up(&journal->j_wait_done_commit); /* * Make sure that no allocations from this kernel thread will ever * recurse to the fs layer because we are responsible for the * transaction commit and any fs involvement might get stuck waiting for * the trasn. commit. */ memalloc_nofs_save(); /* * And now, wait forever for commit wakeup events. */ write_lock(&journal->j_state_lock); loop: if (journal->j_flags & JBD2_UNMOUNT) goto end_loop; jbd_debug(1, "commit_sequence=%u, commit_request=%u\n", journal->j_commit_sequence, journal->j_commit_request); if (journal->j_commit_sequence != journal->j_commit_request) { jbd_debug(1, "OK, requests differ\n"); write_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); del_timer_sync(&journal->j_commit_timer); jbd2_journal_commit_transaction(journal); write_lock(&journal->j_state_lock); goto loop; } wake_up(&journal->j_wait_done_commit); if (freezing(current)) { /* * The simpler the better. Flushing journal isn't a * good idea, because that depends on threads that may * be already stopped. */ jbd_debug(1, "Now suspending kjournald2\n"); write_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); try_to_freeze(); write_lock(&journal->j_state_lock); } else { /* * We assume on resume that commits are already there, * so we don't sleep */ DEFINE_WAIT(wait); int should_sleep = 1; prepare_to_wait(&journal->j_wait_commit, &wait, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE); if (journal->j_commit_sequence != journal->j_commit_request) should_sleep = 0; transaction = journal->j_running_transaction; if (transaction && time_after_eq(jiffies, transaction->t_expires)) should_sleep = 0; if (journal->j_flags & JBD2_UNMOUNT) should_sleep = 0; if (should_sleep) { write_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); schedule(); write_lock(&journal->j_state_lock); } finish_wait(&journal->j_wait_commit, &wait); } jbd_debug(1, "kjournald2 wakes\n"); /* * Were we woken up by a commit wakeup event? */ transaction = journal->j_running_transaction; if (transaction && time_after_eq(jiffies, transaction->t_expires)) { journal->j_commit_request = transaction->t_tid; jbd_debug(1, "woke because of timeout\n"); } goto loop; end_loop: del_timer_sync(&journal->j_commit_timer); journal->j_task = NULL; wake_up(&journal->j_wait_done_commit); jbd_debug(1, "Journal thread exiting.\n"); write_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); return 0; } static int jbd2_journal_start_thread(journal_t *journal) { struct task_struct *t; t = kthread_run(kjournald2, journal, "jbd2/%s", journal->j_devname); if (IS_ERR(t)) return PTR_ERR(t); wait_event(journal->j_wait_done_commit, journal->j_task != NULL); return 0; } static void journal_kill_thread(journal_t *journal) { write_lock(&journal->j_state_lock); journal->j_flags |= JBD2_UNMOUNT; while (journal->j_task) { write_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); wake_up(&journal->j_wait_commit); wait_event(journal->j_wait_done_commit, journal->j_task == NULL); write_lock(&journal->j_state_lock); } write_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); } /* * jbd2_journal_write_metadata_buffer: write a metadata buffer to the journal. * * Writes a metadata buffer to a given disk block. The actual IO is not * performed but a new buffer_head is constructed which labels the data * to be written with the correct destination disk block. * * Any magic-number escaping which needs to be done will cause a * copy-out here. If the buffer happens to start with the * JBD2_MAGIC_NUMBER, then we can't write it to the log directly: the * magic number is only written to the log for descripter blocks. In * this case, we copy the data and replace the first word with 0, and we * return a result code which indicates that this buffer needs to be * marked as an escaped buffer in the corresponding log descriptor * block. The missing word can then be restored when the block is read * during recovery. * * If the source buffer has already been modified by a new transaction * since we took the last commit snapshot, we use the frozen copy of * that data for IO. If we end up using the existing buffer_head's data * for the write, then we have to make sure nobody modifies it while the * IO is in progress. do_get_write_access() handles this. * * The function returns a pointer to the buffer_head to be used for IO. * * * Return value: * <0: Error * >=0: Finished OK * * On success: * Bit 0 set == escape performed on the data * Bit 1 set == buffer copy-out performed (kfree the data after IO) */ int jbd2_journal_write_metadata_buffer(transaction_t *transaction, struct journal_head *jh_in, struct buffer_head **bh_out, sector_t blocknr) { int need_copy_out = 0; int done_copy_out = 0; int do_escape = 0; char *mapped_data; struct buffer_head *new_bh; struct page *new_page; unsigned int new_offset; struct buffer_head *bh_in = jh2bh(jh_in); journal_t *journal = transaction->t_journal; /* * The buffer really shouldn't be locked: only the current committing * transaction is allowed to write it, so nobody else is allowed * to do any IO. * * akpm: except if we're journalling data, and write() output is * also part of a shared mapping, and another thread has * decided to launch a writepage() against this buffer. */ J_ASSERT_BH(bh_in, buffer_jbddirty(bh_in)); new_bh = alloc_buffer_head(GFP_NOFS|__GFP_NOFAIL); /* keep subsequent assertions sane */ atomic_set(&new_bh->b_count, 1); spin_lock(&jh_in->b_state_lock); repeat: /* * If a new transaction has already done a buffer copy-out, then * we use that version of the data for the commit. */ if (jh_in->b_frozen_data) { done_copy_out = 1; new_page = virt_to_page(jh_in->b_frozen_data); new_offset = offset_in_page(jh_in->b_frozen_data); } else { new_page = jh2bh(jh_in)->b_page; new_offset = offset_in_page(jh2bh(jh_in)->b_data); } mapped_data = kmap_atomic(new_page); /* * Fire data frozen trigger if data already wasn't frozen. Do this * before checking for escaping, as the trigger may modify the magic * offset. If a copy-out happens afterwards, it will have the correct * data in the buffer. */ if (!done_copy_out) jbd2_buffer_frozen_trigger(jh_in, mapped_data + new_offset, jh_in->b_triggers); /* * Check for escaping */ if (*((__be32 *)(mapped_data + new_offset)) == cpu_to_be32(JBD2_MAGIC_NUMBER)) { need_copy_out = 1; do_escape = 1; } kunmap_atomic(mapped_data); /* * Do we need to do a data copy? */ if (need_copy_out && !done_copy_out) { char *tmp; spin_unlock(&jh_in->b_state_lock); tmp = jbd2_alloc(bh_in->b_size, GFP_NOFS); if (!tmp) { brelse(new_bh); return -ENOMEM; } spin_lock(&jh_in->b_state_lock); if (jh_in->b_frozen_data) { jbd2_free(tmp, bh_in->b_size); goto repeat; } jh_in->b_frozen_data = tmp; mapped_data = kmap_atomic(new_page); memcpy(tmp, mapped_data + new_offset, bh_in->b_size); kunmap_atomic(mapped_data); new_page = virt_to_page(tmp); new_offset = offset_in_page(tmp); done_copy_out = 1; /* * This isn't strictly necessary, as we're using frozen * data for the escaping, but it keeps consistency with * b_frozen_data usage. */ jh_in->b_frozen_triggers = jh_in->b_triggers; } /* * Did we need to do an escaping? Now we've done all the * copying, we can finally do so. */ if (do_escape) { mapped_data = kmap_atomic(new_page); *((unsigned int *)(mapped_data + new_offset)) = 0; kunmap_atomic(mapped_data); } set_bh_page(new_bh, new_page, new_offset); new_bh->b_size = bh_in->b_size; new_bh->b_bdev = journal->j_dev; new_bh->b_blocknr = blocknr; new_bh->b_private = bh_in; set_buffer_mapped(new_bh); set_buffer_dirty(new_bh); *bh_out = new_bh; /* * The to-be-written buffer needs to get moved to the io queue, * and the original buffer whose contents we are shadowing or * copying is moved to the transaction's shadow queue. */ JBUFFER_TRACE(jh_in, "file as BJ_Shadow"); spin_lock(&journal->j_list_lock); __jbd2_journal_file_buffer(jh_in, transaction, BJ_Shadow); spin_unlock(&journal->j_list_lock); set_buffer_shadow(bh_in); spin_unlock(&jh_in->b_state_lock); return do_escape | (done_copy_out << 1); } /* * Allocation code for the journal file. Manage the space left in the * journal, so that we can begin checkpointing when appropriate. */ /* * Called with j_state_lock locked for writing. * Returns true if a transaction commit was started. */ int __jbd2_log_start_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t target) { /* Return if the txn has already requested to be committed */ if (journal->j_commit_request == target) return 0; /* * The only transaction we can possibly wait upon is the * currently running transaction (if it exists). Otherwise, * the target tid must be an old one. */ if (journal->j_running_transaction && journal->j_running_transaction->t_tid == target) { /* * We want a new commit: OK, mark the request and wakeup the * commit thread. We do _not_ do the commit ourselves. */ journal->j_commit_request = target; jbd_debug(1, "JBD2: requesting commit %u/%u\n", journal->j_commit_request, journal->j_commit_sequence); journal->j_running_transaction->t_requested = jiffies; wake_up(&journal->j_wait_commit); return 1; } else if (!tid_geq(journal->j_commit_request, target)) /* This should never happen, but if it does, preserve the evidence before kjournald goes into a loop and increments j_commit_sequence beyond all recognition. */ WARN_ONCE(1, "JBD2: bad log_start_commit: %u %u %u %u\n", journal->j_commit_request, journal->j_commit_sequence, target, journal->j_running_transaction ? journal->j_running_transaction->t_tid : 0); return 0; } int jbd2_log_start_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid) { int ret; write_lock(&journal->j_state_lock); ret = __jbd2_log_start_commit(journal, tid); write_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); return ret; } /* * Force and wait any uncommitted transactions. We can only force the running * transaction if we don't have an active handle, otherwise, we will deadlock. * Returns: <0 in case of error, * 0 if nothing to commit, * 1 if transaction was successfully committed. */ static int __jbd2_journal_force_commit(journal_t *journal) { transaction_t *transaction = NULL; tid_t tid; int need_to_start = 0, ret = 0; read_lock(&journal->j_state_lock); if (journal->j_running_transaction && !current->journal_info) { transaction = journal->j_running_transaction; if (!tid_geq(journal->j_commit_request, transaction->t_tid)) need_to_start = 1; } else if (journal->j_committing_transaction) transaction = journal->j_committing_transaction; if (!transaction) { /* Nothing to commit */ read_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); return 0; } tid = transaction->t_tid; read_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); if (need_to_start) jbd2_log_start_commit(journal, tid); ret = jbd2_log_wait_commit(journal, tid); if (!ret) ret = 1; return ret; } /** * jbd2_journal_force_commit_nested - Force and wait upon a commit if the * calling process is not within transaction. * * @journal: journal to force * Returns true if progress was made. * * This is used for forcing out undo-protected data which contains * bitmaps, when the fs is running out of space. */ int jbd2_journal_force_commit_nested(journal_t *journal) { int ret; ret = __jbd2_journal_force_commit(journal); return ret > 0; } /** * jbd2_journal_force_commit() - force any uncommitted transactions * @journal: journal to force * * Caller want unconditional commit. We can only force the running transaction * if we don't have an active handle, otherwise, we will deadlock. */ int jbd2_journal_force_commit(journal_t *journal) { int ret; J_ASSERT(!current->journal_info); ret = __jbd2_journal_force_commit(journal); if (ret > 0) ret = 0; return ret; } /* * Start a commit of the current running transaction (if any). Returns true * if a transaction is going to be committed (or is currently already * committing), and fills its tid in at *ptid */ int jbd2_journal_start_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t *ptid) { int ret = 0; write_lock(&journal->j_state_lock); if (journal->j_running_transaction) { tid_t tid = journal->j_running_transaction->t_tid; __jbd2_log_start_commit(journal, tid); /* There's a running transaction and we've just made sure * it's commit has been scheduled. */ if (ptid) *ptid = tid; ret = 1; } else if (journal->j_committing_transaction) { /* * If commit has been started, then we have to wait for * completion of that transaction. */ if (ptid) *ptid = journal->j_committing_transaction->t_tid; ret = 1; } write_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); return ret; } /* * Return 1 if a given transaction has not yet sent barrier request * connected with a transaction commit. If 0 is returned, transaction * may or may not have sent the barrier. Used to avoid sending barrier * twice in common cases. */ int jbd2_trans_will_send_data_barrier(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid) { int ret = 0; transaction_t *commit_trans; if (!(journal->j_flags & JBD2_BARRIER)) return 0; read_lock(&journal->j_state_lock); /* Transaction already committed? */ if (tid_geq(journal->j_commit_sequence, tid)) goto out; commit_trans = journal->j_committing_transaction; if (!commit_trans || commit_trans->t_tid != tid) { ret = 1; goto out; } /* * Transaction is being committed and we already proceeded to * submitting a flush to fs partition? */ if (journal->j_fs_dev != journal->j_dev) { if (!commit_trans->t_need_data_flush || commit_trans->t_state >= T_COMMIT_DFLUSH) goto out; } else { if (commit_trans->t_state >= T_COMMIT_JFLUSH) goto out; } ret = 1; out: read_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_trans_will_send_data_barrier); /* * Wait for a specified commit to complete. * The caller may not hold the journal lock. */ int jbd2_log_wait_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid) { int err = 0; read_lock(&journal->j_state_lock); #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING /* * Some callers make sure transaction is already committing and in that * case we cannot block on open handles anymore. So don't warn in that * case. */ if (tid_gt(tid, journal->j_commit_sequence) && (!journal->j_committing_transaction || journal->j_committing_transaction->t_tid != tid)) { read_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); jbd2_might_wait_for_commit(journal); read_lock(&journal->j_state_lock); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_JBD2_DEBUG if (!tid_geq(journal->j_commit_request, tid)) { printk(KERN_ERR "%s: error: j_commit_request=%u, tid=%u\n", __func__, journal->j_commit_request, tid); } #endif while (tid_gt(tid, journal->j_commit_sequence)) { jbd_debug(1, "JBD2: want %u, j_commit_sequence=%u\n", tid, journal->j_commit_sequence); read_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); wake_up(&journal->j_wait_commit); wait_event(journal->j_wait_done_commit, !tid_gt(tid, journal->j_commit_sequence)); read_lock(&journal->j_state_lock); } read_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); if (unlikely(is_journal_aborted(journal))) err = -EIO; return err; } /* * Start a fast commit. If there's an ongoing fast or full commit wait for * it to complete. Returns 0 if a new fast commit was started. Returns -EALREADY * if a fast commit is not needed, either because there's an already a commit * going on or this tid has already been committed. Returns -EINVAL if no jbd2 * commit has yet been performed. */ int jbd2_fc_begin_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid) { if (unlikely(is_journal_aborted(journal))) return -EIO; /* * Fast commits only allowed if at least one full commit has * been processed. */ if (!journal->j_stats.ts_tid) return -EINVAL; write_lock(&journal->j_state_lock); if (tid <= journal->j_commit_sequence) { write_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); return -EALREADY; } if (journal->j_flags & JBD2_FULL_COMMIT_ONGOING || (journal->j_flags & JBD2_FAST_COMMIT_ONGOING)) { DEFINE_WAIT(wait); prepare_to_wait(&journal->j_fc_wait, &wait, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE); write_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); schedule(); finish_wait(&journal->j_fc_wait, &wait); return -EALREADY; } journal->j_flags |= JBD2_FAST_COMMIT_ONGOING; write_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_fc_begin_commit); /* * Stop a fast commit. If fallback is set, this function starts commit of * TID tid before any other fast commit can start. */ static int __jbd2_fc_end_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid, bool fallback) { if (journal->j_fc_cleanup_callback) journal->j_fc_cleanup_callback(journal, 0); write_lock(&journal->j_state_lock); journal->j_flags &= ~JBD2_FAST_COMMIT_ONGOING; if (fallback) journal->j_flags |= JBD2_FULL_COMMIT_ONGOING; write_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); wake_up(&journal->j_fc_wait); if (fallback) return jbd2_complete_transaction(journal, tid); return 0; } int jbd2_fc_end_commit(journal_t *journal) { return __jbd2_fc_end_commit(journal, 0, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_fc_end_commit); int jbd2_fc_end_commit_fallback(journal_t *journal) { tid_t tid; read_lock(&journal->j_state_lock); tid = journal->j_running_transaction ? journal->j_running_transaction->t_tid : 0; read_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); return __jbd2_fc_end_commit(journal, tid, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_fc_end_commit_fallback); /* Return 1 when transaction with given tid has already committed. */ int jbd2_transaction_committed(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid) { int ret = 1; read_lock(&journal->j_state_lock); if (journal->j_running_transaction && journal->j_running_transaction->t_tid == tid) ret = 0; if (journal->j_committing_transaction && journal->j_committing_transaction->t_tid == tid) ret = 0; read_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_transaction_committed); /* * When this function returns the transaction corresponding to tid * will be completed. If the transaction has currently running, start * committing that transaction before waiting for it to complete. If * the transaction id is stale, it is by definition already completed, * so just return SUCCESS. */ int jbd2_complete_transaction(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid) { int need_to_wait = 1; read_lock(&journal->j_state_lock); if (journal->j_running_transaction && journal->j_running_transaction->t_tid == tid) { if (journal->j_commit_request != tid) { /* transaction not yet started, so request it */ read_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); jbd2_log_start_commit(journal, tid); goto wait_commit; } } else if (!(journal->j_committing_transaction && journal->j_committing_transaction->t_tid == tid)) need_to_wait = 0; read_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); if (!need_to_wait) return 0; wait_commit: return jbd2_log_wait_commit(journal, tid); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_complete_transaction); /* * Log buffer allocation routines: */ int jbd2_journal_next_log_block(journal_t *journal, unsigned long long *retp) { unsigned long blocknr; write_lock(&journal->j_state_lock); J_ASSERT(journal->j_free > 1); blocknr = journal->j_head; journal->j_head++; journal->j_free--; if (journal->j_head == journal->j_last) journal->j_head = journal->j_first; write_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); return jbd2_journal_bmap(journal, blocknr, retp); } /* Map one fast commit buffer for use by the file system */ int jbd2_fc_get_buf(journal_t *journal, struct buffer_head **bh_out) { unsigned long long pblock; unsigned long blocknr; int ret = 0; struct buffer_head *bh; int fc_off; *bh_out = NULL; if (journal->j_fc_off + journal->j_fc_first < journal->j_fc_last) { fc_off = journal->j_fc_off; blocknr = journal->j_fc_first + fc_off; journal->j_fc_off++; } else { ret = -EINVAL; } if (ret) return ret; ret = jbd2_journal_bmap(journal, blocknr, &pblock); if (ret) return ret; bh = __getblk(journal->j_dev, pblock, journal->j_blocksize); if (!bh) return -ENOMEM; journal->j_fc_wbuf[fc_off] = bh; *bh_out = bh; return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_fc_get_buf); /* * Wait on fast commit buffers that were allocated by jbd2_fc_get_buf * for completion. */ int jbd2_fc_wait_bufs(journal_t *journal, int num_blks) { struct buffer_head *bh; int i, j_fc_off; j_fc_off = journal->j_fc_off; /* * Wait in reverse order to minimize chances of us being woken up before * all IOs have completed */ for (i = j_fc_off - 1; i >= j_fc_off - num_blks; i--) { bh = journal->j_fc_wbuf[i]; wait_on_buffer(bh); put_bh(bh); journal->j_fc_wbuf[i] = NULL; if (unlikely(!buffer_uptodate(bh))) return -EIO; } return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_fc_wait_bufs); /* * Wait on fast commit buffers that were allocated by jbd2_fc_get_buf * for completion. */ int jbd2_fc_release_bufs(journal_t *journal) { struct buffer_head *bh; int i, j_fc_off; j_fc_off = journal->j_fc_off; /* * Wait in reverse order to minimize chances of us being woken up before * all IOs have completed */ for (i = j_fc_off - 1; i >= 0; i--) { bh = journal->j_fc_wbuf[i]; if (!bh) break; put_bh(bh); journal->j_fc_wbuf[i] = NULL; } return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_fc_release_bufs); /* * Conversion of logical to physical block numbers for the journal * * On external journals the journal blocks are identity-mapped, so * this is a no-op. If needed, we can use j_blk_offset - everything is * ready. */ int jbd2_journal_bmap(journal_t *journal, unsigned long blocknr, unsigned long long *retp) { int err = 0; unsigned long long ret; sector_t block = 0; if (journal->j_inode) { block = blocknr; ret = bmap(journal->j_inode, &block); if (ret || !block) { printk(KERN_ALERT "%s: journal block not found " "at offset %lu on %s\n", __func__, blocknr, journal->j_devname); err = -EIO; jbd2_journal_abort(journal, err); } else { *retp = block; } } else { *retp = blocknr; /* +journal->j_blk_offset */ } return err; } /* * We play buffer_head aliasing tricks to write data/metadata blocks to * the journal without copying their contents, but for journal * descriptor blocks we do need to generate bona fide buffers. * * After the caller of jbd2_journal_get_descriptor_buffer() has finished modifying * the buffer's contents they really should run flush_dcache_page(bh->b_page). * But we don't bother doing that, so there will be coherency problems with * mmaps of blockdevs which hold live JBD-controlled filesystems. */ struct buffer_head * jbd2_journal_get_descriptor_buffer(transaction_t *transaction, int type) { journal_t *journal = transaction->t_journal; struct buffer_head *bh; unsigned long long blocknr; journal_header_t *header; int err; err = jbd2_journal_next_log_block(journal, &blocknr); if (err) return NULL; bh = __getblk(journal->j_dev, blocknr, journal->j_blocksize); if (!bh) return NULL; atomic_dec(&transaction->t_outstanding_credits); lock_buffer(bh); memset(bh->b_data, 0, journal->j_blocksize); header = (journal_header_t *)bh->b_data; header->h_magic = cpu_to_be32(JBD2_MAGIC_NUMBER); header->h_blocktype = cpu_to_be32(type); header->h_sequence = cpu_to_be32(transaction->t_tid); set_buffer_uptodate(bh); unlock_buffer(bh); BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "return this buffer"); return bh; } void jbd2_descriptor_block_csum_set(journal_t *j, struct buffer_head *bh) { struct jbd2_journal_block_tail *tail; __u32 csum; if (!jbd2_journal_has_csum_v2or3(j)) return; tail = (struct jbd2_journal_block_tail *)(bh->b_data + j->j_blocksize - sizeof(struct jbd2_journal_block_tail)); tail->t_checksum = 0; csum = jbd2_chksum(j, j->j_csum_seed, bh->b_data, j->j_blocksize); tail->t_checksum = cpu_to_be32(csum); } /* * Return tid of the oldest transaction in the journal and block in the journal * where the transaction starts. * * If the journal is now empty, return which will be the next transaction ID * we will write and where will that transaction start. * * The return value is 0 if journal tail cannot be pushed any further, 1 if * it can. */ int jbd2_journal_get_log_tail(journal_t *journal, tid_t *tid, unsigned long *block) { transaction_t *transaction; int ret; read_lock(&journal->j_state_lock); spin_lock(&journal->j_list_lock); transaction = journal->j_checkpoint_transactions; if (transaction) { *tid = transaction->t_tid; *block = transaction->t_log_start; } else if ((transaction = journal->j_committing_transaction) != NULL) { *tid = transaction->t_tid; *block = transaction->t_log_start; } else if ((transaction = journal->j_running_transaction) != NULL) { *tid = transaction->t_tid; *block = journal->j_head; } else { *tid = journal->j_transaction_sequence; *block = journal->j_head; } ret = tid_gt(*tid, journal->j_tail_sequence); spin_unlock(&journal->j_list_lock); read_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); return ret; } /* * Update information in journal structure and in on disk journal superblock * about log tail. This function does not check whether information passed in * really pushes log tail further. It's responsibility of the caller to make * sure provided log tail information is valid (e.g. by holding * j_checkpoint_mutex all the time between computing log tail and calling this * function as is the case with jbd2_cleanup_journal_tail()). * * Requires j_checkpoint_mutex */ int __jbd2_update_log_tail(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid, unsigned long block) { unsigned long freed; int ret; BUG_ON(!mutex_is_locked(&journal->j_checkpoint_mutex)); /* * We cannot afford for write to remain in drive's caches since as * soon as we update j_tail, next transaction can start reusing journal * space and if we lose sb update during power failure we'd replay * old transaction with possibly newly overwritten data. */ ret = jbd2_journal_update_sb_log_tail(journal, tid, block, REQ_SYNC | REQ_FUA); if (ret) goto out; write_lock(&journal->j_state_lock); freed = block - journal->j_tail; if (block < journal->j_tail) freed += journal->j_last - journal->j_first; trace_jbd2_update_log_tail(journal, tid, block, freed); jbd_debug(1, "Cleaning journal tail from %u to %u (offset %lu), " "freeing %lu\n", journal->j_tail_sequence, tid, block, freed); journal->j_free += freed; journal->j_tail_sequence = tid; journal->j_tail = block; write_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); out: return ret; } /* * This is a variation of __jbd2_update_log_tail which checks for validity of * provided log tail and locks j_checkpoint_mutex. So it is safe against races * with other threads updating log tail. */ void jbd2_update_log_tail(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid, unsigned long block) { mutex_lock_io(&journal->j_checkpoint_mutex); if (tid_gt(tid, journal->j_tail_sequence)) __jbd2_update_log_tail(journal, tid, block); mutex_unlock(&journal->j_checkpoint_mutex); } struct jbd2_stats_proc_session { journal_t *journal; struct transaction_stats_s *stats; int start; int max; }; static void *jbd2_seq_info_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos) { return *pos ? NULL : SEQ_START_TOKEN; } static void *jbd2_seq_info_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *v, loff_t *pos) { (*pos)++; return NULL; } static int jbd2_seq_info_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { struct jbd2_stats_proc_session *s = seq->private; if (v != SEQ_START_TOKEN) return 0; seq_printf(seq, "%lu transactions (%lu requested), " "each up to %u blocks\n", s->stats->ts_tid, s->stats->ts_requested, s->journal->j_max_transaction_buffers); if (s->stats->ts_tid == 0) return 0; seq_printf(seq, "average: \n %ums waiting for transaction\n", jiffies_to_msecs(s->stats->run.rs_wait / s->stats->ts_tid)); seq_printf(seq, " %ums request delay\n", (s->stats->ts_requested == 0) ? 0 : jiffies_to_msecs(s->stats->run.rs_request_delay / s->stats->ts_requested)); seq_printf(seq, " %ums running transaction\n", jiffies_to_msecs(s->stats->run.rs_running / s->stats->ts_tid)); seq_printf(seq, " %ums transaction was being locked\n", jiffies_to_msecs(s->stats->run.rs_locked / s->stats->ts_tid)); seq_printf(seq, " %ums flushing data (in ordered mode)\n", jiffies_to_msecs(s->stats->run.rs_flushing / s->stats->ts_tid)); seq_printf(seq, " %ums logging transaction\n", jiffies_to_msecs(s->stats->run.rs_logging / s->stats->ts_tid)); seq_printf(seq, " %lluus average transaction commit time\n", div_u64(s->journal->j_average_commit_time, 1000)); seq_printf(seq, " %lu handles per transaction\n", s->stats->run.rs_handle_count / s->stats->ts_tid); seq_printf(seq, " %lu blocks per transaction\n", s->stats->run.rs_blocks / s->stats->ts_tid); seq_printf(seq, " %lu logged blocks per transaction\n", s->stats->run.rs_blocks_logged / s->stats->ts_tid); return 0; } static void jbd2_seq_info_stop(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { } static const struct seq_operations jbd2_seq_info_ops = { .start = jbd2_seq_info_start, .next = jbd2_seq_info_next, .stop = jbd2_seq_info_stop, .show = jbd2_seq_info_show, }; static int jbd2_seq_info_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { journal_t *journal = PDE_DATA(inode); struct jbd2_stats_proc_session *s; int rc, size; s = kmalloc(sizeof(*s), GFP_KERNEL); if (s == NULL) return -ENOMEM; size = sizeof(struct transaction_stats_s); s->stats = kmalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL); if (s->stats == NULL) { kfree(s); return -ENOMEM; } spin_lock(&journal->j_history_lock); memcpy(s->stats, &journal->j_stats, size); s->journal = journal; spin_unlock(&journal->j_history_lock); rc = seq_open(file, &jbd2_seq_info_ops); if (rc == 0) { struct seq_file *m = file->private_data; m->private = s; } else { kfree(s->stats); kfree(s); } return rc; } static int jbd2_seq_info_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { struct seq_file *seq = file->private_data; struct jbd2_stats_proc_session *s = seq->private; kfree(s->stats); kfree(s); return seq_release(inode, file); } static const struct proc_ops jbd2_info_proc_ops = { .proc_open = jbd2_seq_info_open, .proc_read = seq_read, .proc_lseek = seq_lseek, .proc_release = jbd2_seq_info_release, }; static struct proc_dir_entry *proc_jbd2_stats; static void jbd2_stats_proc_init(journal_t *journal) { journal->j_proc_entry = proc_mkdir(journal->j_devname, proc_jbd2_stats); if (journal->j_proc_entry) { proc_create_data("info", S_IRUGO, journal->j_proc_entry, &jbd2_info_proc_ops, journal); } } static void jbd2_stats_proc_exit(journal_t *journal) { remove_proc_entry("info", journal->j_proc_entry); remove_proc_entry(journal->j_devname, proc_jbd2_stats); } /* Minimum size of descriptor tag */ static int jbd2_min_tag_size(void) { /* * Tag with 32-bit block numbers does not use last four bytes of the * structure */ return sizeof(journal_block_tag_t) - 4; } /* * Management for journal control blocks: functions to create and * destroy journal_t structures, and to initialise and read existing * journal blocks from disk. */ /* First: create and setup a journal_t object in memory. We initialise * very few fields yet: that has to wait until we have created the * journal structures from from scratch, or loaded them from disk. */ static journal_t *journal_init_common(struct block_device *bdev, struct block_device *fs_dev, unsigned long long start, int len, int blocksize) { static struct lock_class_key jbd2_trans_commit_key; journal_t *journal; int err; struct buffer_head *bh; int n; journal = kzalloc(sizeof(*journal), GFP_KERNEL); if (!journal) return NULL; init_waitqueue_head(&journal->j_wait_transaction_locked); init_waitqueue_head(&journal->j_wait_done_commit); init_waitqueue_head(&journal->j_wait_commit); init_waitqueue_head(&journal->j_wait_updates); init_waitqueue_head(&journal->j_wait_reserved); init_waitqueue_head(&journal->j_fc_wait); mutex_init(&journal->j_abort_mutex); mutex_init(&journal->j_barrier); mutex_init(&journal->j_checkpoint_mutex); spin_lock_init(&journal->j_revoke_lock); spin_lock_init(&journal->j_list_lock); rwlock_init(&journal->j_state_lock); journal->j_commit_interval = (HZ * JBD2_DEFAULT_MAX_COMMIT_AGE); journal->j_min_batch_time = 0; journal->j_max_batch_time = 15000; /* 15ms */ atomic_set(&journal->j_reserved_credits, 0); /* The journal is marked for error until we succeed with recovery! */ journal->j_flags = JBD2_ABORT; /* Set up a default-sized revoke table for the new mount. */ err = jbd2_journal_init_revoke(journal, JOURNAL_REVOKE_DEFAULT_HASH); if (err) goto err_cleanup; spin_lock_init(&journal->j_history_lock); lockdep_init_map(&journal->j_trans_commit_map, "jbd2_handle", &jbd2_trans_commit_key, 0); /* journal descriptor can store up to n blocks -bzzz */ journal->j_blocksize = blocksize; journal->j_dev = bdev; journal->j_fs_dev = fs_dev; journal->j_blk_offset = start; journal->j_total_len = len; /* We need enough buffers to write out full descriptor block. */ n = journal->j_blocksize / jbd2_min_tag_size(); journal->j_wbufsize = n; journal->j_fc_wbuf = NULL; journal->j_wbuf = kmalloc_array(n, sizeof(struct buffer_head *), GFP_KERNEL); if (!journal->j_wbuf) goto err_cleanup; bh = getblk_unmovable(journal->j_dev, start, journal->j_blocksize); if (!bh) { pr_err("%s: Cannot get buffer for journal superblock\n", __func__); goto err_cleanup; } journal->j_sb_buffer = bh; journal->j_superblock = (journal_superblock_t *)bh->b_data; return journal; err_cleanup: kfree(journal->j_wbuf); jbd2_journal_destroy_revoke(journal); kfree(journal); return NULL; } /* jbd2_journal_init_dev and jbd2_journal_init_inode: * * Create a journal structure assigned some fixed set of disk blocks to * the journal. We don't actually touch those disk blocks yet, but we * need to set up all of the mapping information to tell the journaling * system where the journal blocks are. * */ /** * journal_t * jbd2_journal_init_dev() - creates and initialises a journal structure * @bdev: Block device on which to create the journal * @fs_dev: Device which hold journalled filesystem for this journal. * @start: Block nr Start of journal. * @len: Length of the journal in blocks. * @blocksize: blocksize of journalling device * * Returns: a newly created journal_t * * * jbd2_journal_init_dev creates a journal which maps a fixed contiguous * range of blocks on an arbitrary block device. * */ journal_t *jbd2_journal_init_dev(struct block_device *bdev, struct block_device *fs_dev, unsigned long long start, int len, int blocksize) { journal_t *journal; journal = journal_init_common(bdev, fs_dev, start, len, blocksize); if (!journal) return NULL; bdevname(journal->j_dev, journal->j_devname); strreplace(journal->j_devname, '/', '!'); jbd2_stats_proc_init(journal); return journal; } /** * journal_t * jbd2_journal_init_inode () - creates a journal which maps to a inode. * @inode: An inode to create the journal in * * jbd2_journal_init_inode creates a journal which maps an on-disk inode as * the journal. The inode must exist already, must support bmap() and * must have all data blocks preallocated. */ journal_t *jbd2_journal_init_inode(struct inode *inode) { journal_t *journal; sector_t blocknr; char *p; int err = 0; blocknr = 0; err = bmap(inode, &blocknr); if (err || !blocknr) { pr_err("%s: Cannot locate journal superblock\n", __func__); return NULL; } jbd_debug(1, "JBD2: inode %s/%ld, size %lld, bits %d, blksize %ld\n", inode->i_sb->s_id, inode->i_ino, (long long) inode->i_size, inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits, inode->i_sb->s_blocksize); journal = journal_init_common(inode->i_sb->s_bdev, inode->i_sb->s_bdev, blocknr, inode->i_size >> inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits, inode->i_sb->s_blocksize); if (!journal) return NULL; journal->j_inode = inode; bdevname(journal->j_dev, journal->j_devname); p = strreplace(journal->j_devname, '/', '!'); sprintf(p, "-%lu", journal->j_inode->i_ino); jbd2_stats_proc_init(journal); return journal; } /* * If the journal init or create aborts, we need to mark the journal * superblock as being NULL to prevent the journal destroy from writing * back a bogus superblock. */ static void journal_fail_superblock(journal_t *journal) { struct buffer_head *bh = journal->j_sb_buffer; brelse(bh); journal->j_sb_buffer = NULL; } /* * Given a journal_t structure, initialise the various fields for * startup of a new journaling session. We use this both when creating * a journal, and after recovering an old journal to reset it for * subsequent use. */ static int journal_reset(journal_t *journal) { journal_superblock_t *sb = journal->j_superblock; unsigned long long first, last; first = be32_to_cpu(sb->s_first); last = be32_to_cpu(sb->s_maxlen); if (first + JBD2_MIN_JOURNAL_BLOCKS > last + 1) { printk(KERN_ERR "JBD2: Journal too short (blocks %llu-%llu).\n", first, last); journal_fail_superblock(journal); return -EINVAL; } journal->j_first = first; journal->j_last = last; journal->j_head = journal->j_first; journal->j_tail = journal->j_first; journal->j_free = journal->j_last - journal->j_first; journal->j_tail_sequence = journal->j_transaction_sequence; journal->j_commit_sequence = journal->j_transaction_sequence - 1; journal->j_commit_request = journal->j_commit_sequence; journal->j_max_transaction_buffers = jbd2_journal_get_max_txn_bufs(journal); /* * Now that journal recovery is done, turn fast commits off here. This * way, if fast commit was enabled before the crash but if now FS has * disabled it, we don't enable fast commits. */ jbd2_clear_feature_fast_commit(journal); /* * As a special case, if the on-disk copy is already marked as needing * no recovery (s_start == 0), then we can safely defer the superblock * update until the next commit by setting JBD2_FLUSHED. This avoids * attempting a write to a potential-readonly device. */ if (sb->s_start == 0) { jbd_debug(1, "JBD2: Skipping superblock update on recovered sb " "(start %ld, seq %u, errno %d)\n", journal->j_tail, journal->j_tail_sequence, journal->j_errno); journal->j_flags |= JBD2_FLUSHED; } else { /* Lock here to make assertions happy... */ mutex_lock_io(&journal->j_checkpoint_mutex); /* * Update log tail information. We use REQ_FUA since new * transaction will start reusing journal space and so we * must make sure information about current log tail is on * disk before that. */ jbd2_journal_update_sb_log_tail(journal, journal->j_tail_sequence, journal->j_tail, REQ_SYNC | REQ_FUA); mutex_unlock(&journal->j_checkpoint_mutex); } return jbd2_journal_start_thread(journal); } /* * This function expects that the caller will have locked the journal * buffer head, and will return with it unlocked */ static int jbd2_write_superblock(journal_t *journal, int write_flags) { struct buffer_head *bh = journal->j_sb_buffer; journal_superblock_t *sb = journal->j_superblock; int ret; /* Buffer got discarded which means block device got invalidated */ if (!buffer_mapped(bh)) { unlock_buffer(bh); return -EIO; } trace_jbd2_write_superblock(journal, write_flags); if (!(journal->j_flags & JBD2_BARRIER)) write_flags &= ~(REQ_FUA | REQ_PREFLUSH); if (buffer_write_io_error(bh)) { /* * Oh, dear. A previous attempt to write the journal * superblock failed. This could happen because the * USB device was yanked out. Or it could happen to * be a transient write error and maybe the block will * be remapped. Nothing we can do but to retry the * write and hope for the best. */ printk(KERN_ERR "JBD2: previous I/O error detected " "for journal superblock update for %s.\n", journal->j_devname); clear_buffer_write_io_error(bh); set_buffer_uptodate(bh); } if (jbd2_journal_has_csum_v2or3(journal)) sb->s_checksum = jbd2_superblock_csum(journal, sb); get_bh(bh); bh->b_end_io = end_buffer_write_sync; ret = submit_bh(REQ_OP_WRITE, write_flags, bh); wait_on_buffer(bh); if (buffer_write_io_error(bh)) { clear_buffer_write_io_error(bh); set_buffer_uptodate(bh); ret = -EIO; } if (ret) { printk(KERN_ERR "JBD2: Error %d detected when updating " "journal superblock for %s.\n", ret, journal->j_devname); if (!is_journal_aborted(journal)) jbd2_journal_abort(journal, ret); } return ret; } /** * jbd2_journal_update_sb_log_tail() - Update log tail in journal sb on disk. * @journal: The journal to update. * @tail_tid: TID of the new transaction at the tail of the log * @tail_block: The first block of the transaction at the tail of the log * @write_op: With which operation should we write the journal sb * * Update a journal's superblock information about log tail and write it to * disk, waiting for the IO to complete. */ int jbd2_journal_update_sb_log_tail(journal_t *journal, tid_t tail_tid, unsigned long tail_block, int write_op) { journal_superblock_t *sb = journal->j_superblock; int ret; if (is_journal_aborted(journal)) return -EIO; BUG_ON(!mutex_is_locked(&journal->j_checkpoint_mutex)); jbd_debug(1, "JBD2: updating superblock (start %lu, seq %u)\n", tail_block, tail_tid); lock_buffer(journal->j_sb_buffer); sb->s_sequence = cpu_to_be32(tail_tid); sb->s_start = cpu_to_be32(tail_block); ret = jbd2_write_superblock(journal, write_op); if (ret) goto out; /* Log is no longer empty */ write_lock(&journal->j_state_lock); WARN_ON(!sb->s_sequence); journal->j_flags &= ~JBD2_FLUSHED; write_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); out: return ret; } /** * jbd2_mark_journal_empty() - Mark on disk journal as empty. * @journal: The journal to update. * @write_op: With which operation should we write the journal sb * * Update a journal's dynamic superblock fields to show that journal is empty. * Write updated superblock to disk waiting for IO to complete. */ static void jbd2_mark_journal_empty(journal_t *journal, int write_op) { journal_superblock_t *sb = journal->j_superblock; bool had_fast_commit = false; BUG_ON(!mutex_is_locked(&journal->j_checkpoint_mutex)); lock_buffer(journal->j_sb_buffer); if (sb->s_start == 0) { /* Is it already empty? */ unlock_buffer(journal->j_sb_buffer); return; } jbd_debug(1, "JBD2: Marking journal as empty (seq %u)\n", journal->j_tail_sequence); sb->s_sequence = cpu_to_be32(journal->j_tail_sequence); sb->s_start = cpu_to_be32(0); if (jbd2_has_feature_fast_commit(journal)) { /* * When journal is clean, no need to commit fast commit flag and * make file system incompatible with older kernels. */ jbd2_clear_feature_fast_commit(journal); had_fast_commit = true; } jbd2_write_superblock(journal, write_op); if (had_fast_commit) jbd2_set_feature_fast_commit(journal); /* Log is no longer empty */ write_lock(&journal->j_state_lock); journal->j_flags |= JBD2_FLUSHED; write_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); } /** * jbd2_journal_update_sb_errno() - Update error in the journal. * @journal: The journal to update. * * Update a journal's errno. Write updated superblock to disk waiting for IO * to complete. */ void jbd2_journal_update_sb_errno(journal_t *journal) { journal_superblock_t *sb = journal->j_superblock; int errcode; lock_buffer(journal->j_sb_buffer); errcode = journal->j_errno; if (errcode == -ESHUTDOWN) errcode = 0; jbd_debug(1, "JBD2: updating superblock error (errno %d)\n", errcode); sb->s_errno = cpu_to_be32(errcode); jbd2_write_superblock(journal, REQ_SYNC | REQ_FUA); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_update_sb_errno); static int journal_revoke_records_per_block(journal_t *journal) { int record_size; int space = journal->j_blocksize - sizeof(jbd2_journal_revoke_header_t); if (jbd2_has_feature_64bit(journal)) record_size = 8; else record_size = 4; if (jbd2_journal_has_csum_v2or3(journal)) space -= sizeof(struct jbd2_journal_block_tail); return space / record_size; } /* * Read the superblock for a given journal, performing initial * validation of the format. */ static int journal_get_superblock(journal_t *journal) { struct buffer_head *bh; journal_superblock_t *sb; int err = -EIO; bh = journal->j_sb_buffer; J_ASSERT(bh != NULL); if (!buffer_uptodate(bh)) { ll_rw_block(REQ_OP_READ, 0, 1, &bh); wait_on_buffer(bh); if (!buffer_uptodate(bh)) { printk(KERN_ERR "JBD2: IO error reading journal superblock\n"); goto out; } } if (buffer_verified(bh)) return 0; sb = journal->j_superblock; err = -EINVAL; if (sb->s_header.h_magic != cpu_to_be32(JBD2_MAGIC_NUMBER) || sb->s_blocksize != cpu_to_be32(journal->j_blocksize)) { printk(KERN_WARNING "JBD2: no valid journal superblock found\n"); goto out; } switch(be32_to_cpu(sb->s_header.h_blocktype)) { case JBD2_SUPERBLOCK_V1: journal->j_format_version = 1; break; case JBD2_SUPERBLOCK_V2: journal->j_format_version = 2; break; default: printk(KERN_WARNING "JBD2: unrecognised superblock format ID\n"); goto out; } if (be32_to_cpu(sb->s_maxlen) < journal->j_total_len) journal->j_total_len = be32_to_cpu(sb->s_maxlen); else if (be32_to_cpu(sb->s_maxlen) > journal->j_total_len) { printk(KERN_WARNING "JBD2: journal file too short\n"); goto out; } if (be32_to_cpu(sb->s_first) == 0 || be32_to_cpu(sb->s_first) >= journal->j_total_len) { printk(KERN_WARNING "JBD2: Invalid start block of journal: %u\n", be32_to_cpu(sb->s_first)); goto out; } if (jbd2_has_feature_csum2(journal) && jbd2_has_feature_csum3(journal)) { /* Can't have checksum v2 and v3 at the same time! */ printk(KERN_ERR "JBD2: Can't enable checksumming v2 and v3 " "at the same time!\n"); goto out; } if (jbd2_journal_has_csum_v2or3_feature(journal) && jbd2_has_feature_checksum(journal)) { /* Can't have checksum v1 and v2 on at the same time! */ printk(KERN_ERR "JBD2: Can't enable checksumming v1 and v2/3 " "at the same time!\n"); goto out; } if (!jbd2_verify_csum_type(journal, sb)) { printk(KERN_ERR "JBD2: Unknown checksum type\n"); goto out; } /* Load the checksum driver */ if (jbd2_journal_has_csum_v2or3_feature(journal)) { journal->j_chksum_driver = crypto_alloc_shash("crc32c", 0, 0); if (IS_ERR(journal->j_chksum_driver)) { printk(KERN_ERR "JBD2: Cannot load crc32c driver.\n"); err = PTR_ERR(journal->j_chksum_driver); journal->j_chksum_driver = NULL; goto out; } } if (jbd2_journal_has_csum_v2or3(journal)) { /* Check superblock checksum */ if (sb->s_checksum != jbd2_superblock_csum(journal, sb)) { printk(KERN_ERR "JBD2: journal checksum error\n"); err = -EFSBADCRC; goto out; } /* Precompute checksum seed for all metadata */ journal->j_csum_seed = jbd2_chksum(journal, ~0, sb->s_uuid, sizeof(sb->s_uuid)); } journal->j_revoke_records_per_block = journal_revoke_records_per_block(journal); set_buffer_verified(bh); return 0; out: journal_fail_superblock(journal); return err; } /* * Load the on-disk journal superblock and read the key fields into the * journal_t. */ static int load_superblock(journal_t *journal) { int err; journal_superblock_t *sb; int num_fc_blocks; err = journal_get_superblock(journal); if (err) return err; sb = journal->j_superblock; journal->j_tail_sequence = be32_to_cpu(sb->s_sequence); journal->j_tail = be32_to_cpu(sb->s_start); journal->j_first = be32_to_cpu(sb->s_first); journal->j_errno = be32_to_cpu(sb->s_errno); journal->j_last = be32_to_cpu(sb->s_maxlen); if (jbd2_has_feature_fast_commit(journal)) { journal->j_fc_last = be32_to_cpu(sb->s_maxlen); num_fc_blocks = be32_to_cpu(sb->s_num_fc_blks); if (!num_fc_blocks) num_fc_blocks = JBD2_MIN_FC_BLOCKS; if (journal->j_last - num_fc_blocks >= JBD2_MIN_JOURNAL_BLOCKS) journal->j_last = journal->j_fc_last - num_fc_blocks; journal->j_fc_first = journal->j_last + 1; journal->j_fc_off = 0; } return 0; } /** * jbd2_journal_load() - Read journal from disk. * @journal: Journal to act on. * * Given a journal_t structure which tells us which disk blocks contain * a journal, read the journal from disk to initialise the in-memory * structures. */ int jbd2_journal_load(journal_t *journal) { int err; journal_superblock_t *sb; err = load_superblock(journal); if (err) return err; sb = journal->j_superblock; /* If this is a V2 superblock, then we have to check the * features flags on it. */ if (journal->j_format_version >= 2) { if ((sb->s_feature_ro_compat & ~cpu_to_be32(JBD2_KNOWN_ROCOMPAT_FEATURES)) || (sb->s_feature_incompat & ~cpu_to_be32(JBD2_KNOWN_INCOMPAT_FEATURES))) { printk(KERN_WARNING "JBD2: Unrecognised features on journal\n"); return -EINVAL; } } /* * Create a slab for this blocksize */ err = jbd2_journal_create_slab(be32_to_cpu(sb->s_blocksize)); if (err) return err; /* Let the recovery code check whether it needs to recover any * data from the journal. */ if (jbd2_journal_recover(journal)) goto recovery_error; if (journal->j_failed_commit) { printk(KERN_ERR "JBD2: journal transaction %u on %s " "is corrupt.\n", journal->j_failed_commit, journal->j_devname); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } /* * clear JBD2_ABORT flag initialized in journal_init_common * here to update log tail information with the newest seq. */ journal->j_flags &= ~JBD2_ABORT; /* OK, we've finished with the dynamic journal bits: * reinitialise the dynamic contents of the superblock in memory * and reset them on disk. */ if (journal_reset(journal)) goto recovery_error; journal->j_flags |= JBD2_LOADED; return 0; recovery_error: printk(KERN_WARNING "JBD2: recovery failed\n"); return -EIO; } /** * jbd2_journal_destroy() - Release a journal_t structure. * @journal: Journal to act on. * * Release a journal_t structure once it is no longer in use by the * journaled object. * Return <0 if we couldn't clean up the journal. */ int jbd2_journal_destroy(journal_t *journal) { int err = 0; /* Wait for the commit thread to wake up and die. */ journal_kill_thread(journal); /* Force a final log commit */ if (journal->j_running_transaction) jbd2_journal_commit_transaction(journal); /* Force any old transactions to disk */ /* Totally anal locking here... */ spin_lock(&journal->j_list_lock); while (journal->j_checkpoint_transactions != NULL) { spin_unlock(&journal->j_list_lock); mutex_lock_io(&journal->j_checkpoint_mutex); err = jbd2_log_do_checkpoint(journal); mutex_unlock(&journal->j_checkpoint_mutex); /* * If checkpointing failed, just free the buffers to avoid * looping forever */ if (err) { jbd2_journal_destroy_checkpoint(journal); spin_lock(&journal->j_list_lock); break; } spin_lock(&journal->j_list_lock); } J_ASSERT(journal->j_running_transaction == NULL); J_ASSERT(journal->j_committing_transaction == NULL); J_ASSERT(journal->j_checkpoint_transactions == NULL); spin_unlock(&journal->j_list_lock); if (journal->j_sb_buffer) { if (!is_journal_aborted(journal)) { mutex_lock_io(&journal->j_checkpoint_mutex); write_lock(&journal->j_state_lock); journal->j_tail_sequence = ++journal->j_transaction_sequence; write_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); jbd2_mark_journal_empty(journal, REQ_SYNC | REQ_PREFLUSH | REQ_FUA); mutex_unlock(&journal->j_checkpoint_mutex); } else err = -EIO; brelse(journal->j_sb_buffer); } if (journal->j_proc_entry) jbd2_stats_proc_exit(journal); iput(journal->j_inode); if (journal->j_revoke) jbd2_journal_destroy_revoke(journal); if (journal->j_chksum_driver) crypto_free_shash(journal->j_chksum_driver); kfree(journal->j_fc_wbuf); kfree(journal->j_wbuf); kfree(journal); return err; } /** * jbd2_journal_check_used_features() - Check if features specified are used. * @journal: Journal to check. * @compat: bitmask of compatible features * @ro: bitmask of features that force read-only mount * @incompat: bitmask of incompatible features * * Check whether the journal uses all of a given set of * features. Return true (non-zero) if it does. **/ int jbd2_journal_check_used_features(journal_t *journal, unsigned long compat, unsigned long ro, unsigned long incompat) { journal_superblock_t *sb; if (!compat && !ro && !incompat) return 1; /* Load journal superblock if it is not loaded yet. */ if (journal->j_format_version == 0 && journal_get_superblock(journal) != 0) return 0; if (journal->j_format_version == 1) return 0; sb = journal->j_superblock; if (((be32_to_cpu(sb->s_feature_compat) & compat) == compat) && ((be32_to_cpu(sb->s_feature_ro_compat) & ro) == ro) && ((be32_to_cpu(sb->s_feature_incompat) & incompat) == incompat)) return 1; return 0; } /** * jbd2_journal_check_available_features() - Check feature set in journalling layer * @journal: Journal to check. * @compat: bitmask of compatible features * @ro: bitmask of features that force read-only mount * @incompat: bitmask of incompatible features * * Check whether the journaling code supports the use of * all of a given set of features on this journal. Return true * (non-zero) if it can. */ int jbd2_journal_check_available_features(journal_t *journal, unsigned long compat, unsigned long ro, unsigned long incompat) { if (!compat && !ro && !incompat) return 1; /* We can support any known requested features iff the * superblock is in version 2. Otherwise we fail to support any * extended sb features. */ if (journal->j_format_version != 2) return 0; if ((compat & JBD2_KNOWN_COMPAT_FEATURES) == compat && (ro & JBD2_KNOWN_ROCOMPAT_FEATURES) == ro && (incompat & JBD2_KNOWN_INCOMPAT_FEATURES) == incompat) return 1; return 0; } static int jbd2_journal_initialize_fast_commit(journal_t *journal) { journal_superblock_t *sb = journal->j_superblock; unsigned long long num_fc_blks; num_fc_blks = be32_to_cpu(sb->s_num_fc_blks); if (num_fc_blks == 0) num_fc_blks = JBD2_MIN_FC_BLOCKS; if (journal->j_last - num_fc_blks < JBD2_MIN_JOURNAL_BLOCKS) return -ENOSPC; /* Are we called twice? */ WARN_ON(journal->j_fc_wbuf != NULL); journal->j_fc_wbuf = kmalloc_array(num_fc_blks, sizeof(struct buffer_head *), GFP_KERNEL); if (!journal->j_fc_wbuf) return -ENOMEM; journal->j_fc_wbufsize = num_fc_blks; journal->j_fc_last = journal->j_last; journal->j_last = journal->j_fc_last - num_fc_blks; journal->j_fc_first = journal->j_last + 1; journal->j_fc_off = 0; journal->j_free = journal->j_last - journal->j_first; journal->j_max_transaction_buffers = jbd2_journal_get_max_txn_bufs(journal); return 0; } /** * jbd2_journal_set_features() - Mark a given journal feature in the superblock * @journal: Journal to act on. * @compat: bitmask of compatible features * @ro: bitmask of features that force read-only mount * @incompat: bitmask of incompatible features * * Mark a given journal feature as present on the * superblock. Returns true if the requested features could be set. * */ int jbd2_journal_set_features(journal_t *journal, unsigned long compat, unsigned long ro, unsigned long incompat) { #define INCOMPAT_FEATURE_ON(f) \ ((incompat & (f)) && !(sb->s_feature_incompat & cpu_to_be32(f))) #define COMPAT_FEATURE_ON(f) \ ((compat & (f)) && !(sb->s_feature_compat & cpu_to_be32(f))) journal_superblock_t *sb; if (jbd2_journal_check_used_features(journal, compat, ro, incompat)) return 1; if (!jbd2_journal_check_available_features(journal, compat, ro, incompat)) return 0; /* If enabling v2 checksums, turn on v3 instead */ if (incompat & JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V2) { incompat &= ~JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V2; incompat |= JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V3; } /* Asking for checksumming v3 and v1? Only give them v3. */ if (incompat & JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V3 && compat & JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_CHECKSUM) compat &= ~JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_CHECKSUM; jbd_debug(1, "Setting new features 0x%lx/0x%lx/0x%lx\n", compat, ro, incompat); sb = journal->j_superblock; if (incompat & JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FAST_COMMIT) { if (jbd2_journal_initialize_fast_commit(journal)) { pr_err("JBD2: Cannot enable fast commits.\n"); return 0; } } /* Load the checksum driver if necessary */ if ((journal->j_chksum_driver == NULL) && INCOMPAT_FEATURE_ON(JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V3)) { journal->j_chksum_driver = crypto_alloc_shash("crc32c", 0, 0); if (IS_ERR(journal->j_chksum_driver)) { printk(KERN_ERR "JBD2: Cannot load crc32c driver.\n"); journal->j_chksum_driver = NULL; return 0; } /* Precompute checksum seed for all metadata */ journal->j_csum_seed = jbd2_chksum(journal, ~0, sb->s_uuid, sizeof(sb->s_uuid)); } lock_buffer(journal->j_sb_buffer); /* If enabling v3 checksums, update superblock */ if (INCOMPAT_FEATURE_ON(JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V3)) { sb->s_checksum_type = JBD2_CRC32C_CHKSUM; sb->s_feature_compat &= ~cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_CHECKSUM); } /* If enabling v1 checksums, downgrade superblock */ if (COMPAT_FEATURE_ON(JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_CHECKSUM)) sb->s_feature_incompat &= ~cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V2 | JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V3); sb->s_feature_compat |= cpu_to_be32(compat); sb->s_feature_ro_compat |= cpu_to_be32(ro); sb->s_feature_incompat |= cpu_to_be32(incompat); unlock_buffer(journal->j_sb_buffer); journal->j_revoke_records_per_block = journal_revoke_records_per_block(journal); return 1; #undef COMPAT_FEATURE_ON #undef INCOMPAT_FEATURE_ON } /* * jbd2_journal_clear_features() - Clear a given journal feature in the * superblock * @journal: Journal to act on. * @compat: bitmask of compatible features * @ro: bitmask of features that force read-only mount * @incompat: bitmask of incompatible features * * Clear a given journal feature as present on the * superblock. */ void jbd2_journal_clear_features(journal_t *journal, unsigned long compat, unsigned long ro, unsigned long incompat) { journal_superblock_t *sb; jbd_debug(1, "Clear features 0x%lx/0x%lx/0x%lx\n", compat, ro, incompat); sb = journal->j_superblock; sb->s_feature_compat &= ~cpu_to_be32(compat); sb->s_feature_ro_compat &= ~cpu_to_be32(ro); sb->s_feature_incompat &= ~cpu_to_be32(incompat); journal->j_revoke_records_per_block = journal_revoke_records_per_block(journal); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_clear_features); /** * jbd2_journal_flush() - Flush journal * @journal: Journal to act on. * * Flush all data for a given journal to disk and empty the journal. * Filesystems can use this when remounting readonly to ensure that * recovery does not need to happen on remount. */ int jbd2_journal_flush(journal_t *journal) { int err = 0; transaction_t *transaction = NULL; write_lock(&journal->j_state_lock); /* Force everything buffered to the log... */ if (journal->j_running_transaction) { transaction = journal->j_running_transaction; __jbd2_log_start_commit(journal, transaction->t_tid); } else if (journal->j_committing_transaction) transaction = journal->j_committing_transaction; /* Wait for the log commit to complete... */ if (transaction) { tid_t tid = transaction->t_tid; write_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); jbd2_log_wait_commit(journal, tid); } else { write_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); } /* ...and flush everything in the log out to disk. */ spin_lock(&journal->j_list_lock); while (!err && journal->j_checkpoint_transactions != NULL) { spin_unlock(&journal->j_list_lock); mutex_lock_io(&journal->j_checkpoint_mutex); err = jbd2_log_do_checkpoint(journal); mutex_unlock(&journal->j_checkpoint_mutex); spin_lock(&journal->j_list_lock); } spin_unlock(&journal->j_list_lock); if (is_journal_aborted(journal)) return -EIO; mutex_lock_io(&journal->j_checkpoint_mutex); if (!err) { err = jbd2_cleanup_journal_tail(journal); if (err < 0) { mutex_unlock(&journal->j_checkpoint_mutex); goto out; } err = 0; } /* Finally, mark the journal as really needing no recovery. * This sets s_start==0 in the underlying superblock, which is * the magic code for a fully-recovered superblock. Any future * commits of data to the journal will restore the current * s_start value. */ jbd2_mark_journal_empty(journal, REQ_SYNC | REQ_FUA); mutex_unlock(&journal->j_checkpoint_mutex); write_lock(&journal->j_state_lock); J_ASSERT(!journal->j_running_transaction); J_ASSERT(!journal->j_committing_transaction); J_ASSERT(!journal->j_checkpoint_transactions); J_ASSERT(journal->j_head == journal->j_tail); J_ASSERT(journal->j_tail_sequence == journal->j_transaction_sequence); write_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); out: return err; } /** * jbd2_journal_wipe() - Wipe journal contents * @journal: Journal to act on. * @write: flag (see below) * * Wipe out all of the contents of a journal, safely. This will produce * a warning if the journal contains any valid recovery information. * Must be called between journal_init_*() and jbd2_journal_load(). * * If 'write' is non-zero, then we wipe out the journal on disk; otherwise * we merely suppress recovery. */ int jbd2_journal_wipe(journal_t *journal, int write) { int err = 0; J_ASSERT (!(journal->j_flags & JBD2_LOADED)); err = load_superblock(journal); if (err) return err; if (!journal->j_tail) goto no_recovery; printk(KERN_WARNING "JBD2: %s recovery information on journal\n", write ? "Clearing" : "Ignoring"); err = jbd2_journal_skip_recovery(journal); if (write) { /* Lock to make assertions happy... */ mutex_lock_io(&journal->j_checkpoint_mutex); jbd2_mark_journal_empty(journal, REQ_SYNC | REQ_FUA); mutex_unlock(&journal->j_checkpoint_mutex); } no_recovery: return err; } /** * jbd2_journal_abort () - Shutdown the journal immediately. * @journal: the journal to shutdown. * @errno: an error number to record in the journal indicating * the reason for the shutdown. * * Perform a complete, immediate shutdown of the ENTIRE * journal (not of a single transaction). This operation cannot be * undone without closing and reopening the journal. * * The jbd2_journal_abort function is intended to support higher level error * recovery mechanisms such as the ext2/ext3 remount-readonly error * mode. * * Journal abort has very specific semantics. Any existing dirty, * unjournaled buffers in the main filesystem will still be written to * disk by bdflush, but the journaling mechanism will be suspended * immediately and no further transaction commits will be honoured. * * Any dirty, journaled buffers will be written back to disk without * hitting the journal. Atomicity cannot be guaranteed on an aborted * filesystem, but we _do_ attempt to leave as much data as possible * behind for fsck to use for cleanup. * * Any attempt to get a new transaction handle on a journal which is in * ABORT state will just result in an -EROFS error return. A * jbd2_journal_stop on an existing handle will return -EIO if we have * entered abort state during the update. * * Recursive transactions are not disturbed by journal abort until the * final jbd2_journal_stop, which will receive the -EIO error. * * Finally, the jbd2_journal_abort call allows the caller to supply an errno * which will be recorded (if possible) in the journal superblock. This * allows a client to record failure conditions in the middle of a * transaction without having to complete the transaction to record the * failure to disk. ext3_error, for example, now uses this * functionality. * */ void jbd2_journal_abort(journal_t *journal, int errno) { transaction_t *transaction; /* * Lock the aborting procedure until everything is done, this avoid * races between filesystem's error handling flow (e.g. ext4_abort()), * ensure panic after the error info is written into journal's * superblock. */ mutex_lock(&journal->j_abort_mutex); /* * ESHUTDOWN always takes precedence because a file system check * caused by any other journal abort error is not required after * a shutdown triggered. */ write_lock(&journal->j_state_lock); if (journal->j_flags & JBD2_ABORT) { int old_errno = journal->j_errno; write_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); if (old_errno != -ESHUTDOWN && errno == -ESHUTDOWN) { journal->j_errno = errno; jbd2_journal_update_sb_errno(journal); } mutex_unlock(&journal->j_abort_mutex); return; } /* * Mark the abort as occurred and start current running transaction * to release all journaled buffer. */ pr_err("Aborting journal on device %s.\n", journal->j_devname); journal->j_flags |= JBD2_ABORT; journal->j_errno = errno; transaction = journal->j_running_transaction; if (transaction) __jbd2_log_start_commit(journal, transaction->t_tid); write_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); /* * Record errno to the journal super block, so that fsck and jbd2 * layer could realise that a filesystem check is needed. */ jbd2_journal_update_sb_errno(journal); mutex_unlock(&journal->j_abort_mutex); } /** * jbd2_journal_errno() - returns the journal's error state. * @journal: journal to examine. * * This is the errno number set with jbd2_journal_abort(), the last * time the journal was mounted - if the journal was stopped * without calling abort this will be 0. * * If the journal has been aborted on this mount time -EROFS will * be returned. */ int jbd2_journal_errno(journal_t *journal) { int err; read_lock(&journal->j_state_lock); if (journal->j_flags & JBD2_ABORT) err = -EROFS; else err = journal->j_errno; read_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); return err; } /** * jbd2_journal_clear_err() - clears the journal's error state * @journal: journal to act on. * * An error must be cleared or acked to take a FS out of readonly * mode. */ int jbd2_journal_clear_err(journal_t *journal) { int err = 0; write_lock(&journal->j_state_lock); if (journal->j_flags & JBD2_ABORT) err = -EROFS; else journal->j_errno = 0; write_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); return err; } /** * jbd2_journal_ack_err() - Ack journal err. * @journal: journal to act on. * * An error must be cleared or acked to take a FS out of readonly * mode. */ void jbd2_journal_ack_err(journal_t *journal) { write_lock(&journal->j_state_lock); if (journal->j_errno) journal->j_flags |= JBD2_ACK_ERR; write_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); } int jbd2_journal_blocks_per_page(struct inode *inode) { return 1 << (PAGE_SHIFT - inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits); } /* * helper functions to deal with 32 or 64bit block numbers. */ size_t journal_tag_bytes(journal_t *journal) { size_t sz; if (jbd2_has_feature_csum3(journal)) return sizeof(journal_block_tag3_t); sz = sizeof(journal_block_tag_t); if (jbd2_has_feature_csum2(journal)) sz += sizeof(__u16); if (jbd2_has_feature_64bit(journal)) return sz; else return sz - sizeof(__u32); } /* * JBD memory management * * These functions are used to allocate block-sized chunks of memory * used for making copies of buffer_head data. Very often it will be * page-sized chunks of data, but sometimes it will be in * sub-page-size chunks. (For example, 16k pages on Power systems * with a 4k block file system.) For blocks smaller than a page, we * use a SLAB allocator. There are slab caches for each block size, * which are allocated at mount time, if necessary, and we only free * (all of) the slab caches when/if the jbd2 module is unloaded. For * this reason we don't need to a mutex to protect access to * jbd2_slab[] allocating or releasing memory; only in * jbd2_journal_create_slab(). */ #define JBD2_MAX_SLABS 8 static struct kmem_cache *jbd2_slab[JBD2_MAX_SLABS]; static const char *jbd2_slab_names[JBD2_MAX_SLABS] = { "jbd2_1k", "jbd2_2k", "jbd2_4k", "jbd2_8k", "jbd2_16k", "jbd2_32k", "jbd2_64k", "jbd2_128k" }; static void jbd2_journal_destroy_slabs(void) { int i; for (i = 0; i < JBD2_MAX_SLABS; i++) { kmem_cache_destroy(jbd2_slab[i]); jbd2_slab[i] = NULL; } } static int jbd2_journal_create_slab(size_t size) { static DEFINE_MUTEX(jbd2_slab_create_mutex); int i = order_base_2(size) - 10; size_t slab_size; if (size == PAGE_SIZE) return 0; if (i >= JBD2_MAX_SLABS) return -EINVAL; if (unlikely(i < 0)) i = 0; mutex_lock(&jbd2_slab_create_mutex); if (jbd2_slab[i]) { mutex_unlock(&jbd2_slab_create_mutex); return 0; /* Already created */ } slab_size = 1 << (i+10); jbd2_slab[i] = kmem_cache_create(jbd2_slab_names[i], slab_size, slab_size, 0, NULL); mutex_unlock(&jbd2_slab_create_mutex); if (!jbd2_slab[i]) { printk(KERN_EMERG "JBD2: no memory for jbd2_slab cache\n"); return -ENOMEM; } return 0; } static struct kmem_cache *get_slab(size_t size) { int i = order_base_2(size) - 10; BUG_ON(i >= JBD2_MAX_SLABS); if (unlikely(i < 0)) i = 0; BUG_ON(jbd2_slab[i] == NULL); return jbd2_slab[i]; } void *jbd2_alloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags) { void *ptr; BUG_ON(size & (size-1)); /* Must be a power of 2 */ if (size < PAGE_SIZE) ptr = kmem_cache_alloc(get_slab(size), flags); else ptr = (void *)__get_free_pages(flags, get_order(size)); /* Check alignment; SLUB has gotten this wrong in the past, * and this can lead to user data corruption! */ BUG_ON(((unsigned long) ptr) & (size-1)); return ptr; } void jbd2_free(void *ptr, size_t size) { if (size < PAGE_SIZE) kmem_cache_free(get_slab(size), ptr); else free_pages((unsigned long)ptr, get_order(size)); }; /* * Journal_head storage management */ static struct kmem_cache *jbd2_journal_head_cache; #ifdef CONFIG_JBD2_DEBUG static atomic_t nr_journal_heads = ATOMIC_INIT(0); #endif static int __init jbd2_journal_init_journal_head_cache(void) { J_ASSERT(!jbd2_journal_head_cache); jbd2_journal_head_cache = kmem_cache_create("jbd2_journal_head", sizeof(struct journal_head), 0, /* offset */ SLAB_TEMPORARY | SLAB_TYPESAFE_BY_RCU, NULL); /* ctor */ if (!jbd2_journal_head_cache) { printk(KERN_EMERG "JBD2: no memory for journal_head cache\n"); return -ENOMEM; } return 0; } static void jbd2_journal_destroy_journal_head_cache(void) { kmem_cache_destroy(jbd2_journal_head_cache); jbd2_journal_head_cache = NULL; } /* * journal_head splicing and dicing */ static struct journal_head *journal_alloc_journal_head(void) { struct journal_head *ret; #ifdef CONFIG_JBD2_DEBUG atomic_inc(&nr_journal_heads); #endif ret = kmem_cache_zalloc(jbd2_journal_head_cache, GFP_NOFS); if (!ret) { jbd_debug(1, "out of memory for journal_head\n"); pr_notice_ratelimited("ENOMEM in %s, retrying.\n", __func__); ret = kmem_cache_zalloc(jbd2_journal_head_cache, GFP_NOFS | __GFP_NOFAIL); } if (ret) spin_lock_init(&ret->b_state_lock); return ret; } static void journal_free_journal_head(struct journal_head *jh) { #ifdef CONFIG_JBD2_DEBUG atomic_dec(&nr_journal_heads); memset(jh, JBD2_POISON_FREE, sizeof(*jh)); #endif kmem_cache_free(jbd2_journal_head_cache, jh); } /* * A journal_head is attached to a buffer_head whenever JBD has an * interest in the buffer. * * Whenever a buffer has an attached journal_head, its ->b_state:BH_JBD bit * is set. This bit is tested in core kernel code where we need to take * JBD-specific actions. Testing the zeroness of ->b_private is not reliable * there. * * When a buffer has its BH_JBD bit set, its ->b_count is elevated by one. * * When a buffer has its BH_JBD bit set it is immune from being released by * core kernel code, mainly via ->b_count. * * A journal_head is detached from its buffer_head when the journal_head's * b_jcount reaches zero. Running transaction (b_transaction) and checkpoint * transaction (b_cp_transaction) hold their references to b_jcount. * * Various places in the kernel want to attach a journal_head to a buffer_head * _before_ attaching the journal_head to a transaction. To protect the * journal_head in this situation, jbd2_journal_add_journal_head elevates the * journal_head's b_jcount refcount by one. The caller must call * jbd2_journal_put_journal_head() to undo this. * * So the typical usage would be: * * (Attach a journal_head if needed. Increments b_jcount) * struct journal_head *jh = jbd2_journal_add_journal_head(bh); * ... * (Get another reference for transaction) * jbd2_journal_grab_journal_head(bh); * jh->b_transaction = xxx; * (Put original reference) * jbd2_journal_put_journal_head(jh); */ /* * Give a buffer_head a journal_head. * * May sleep. */ struct journal_head *jbd2_journal_add_journal_head(struct buffer_head *bh) { struct journal_head *jh; struct journal_head *new_jh = NULL; repeat: if (!buffer_jbd(bh)) new_jh = journal_alloc_journal_head(); jbd_lock_bh_journal_head(bh); if (buffer_jbd(bh)) { jh = bh2jh(bh); } else { J_ASSERT_BH(bh, (atomic_read(&bh->b_count) > 0) || (bh->b_page && bh->b_page->mapping)); if (!new_jh) { jbd_unlock_bh_journal_head(bh); goto repeat; } jh = new_jh; new_jh = NULL; /* We consumed it */ set_buffer_jbd(bh); bh->b_private = jh; jh->b_bh = bh; get_bh(bh); BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "added journal_head"); } jh->b_jcount++; jbd_unlock_bh_journal_head(bh); if (new_jh) journal_free_journal_head(new_jh); return bh->b_private; } /* * Grab a ref against this buffer_head's journal_head. If it ended up not * having a journal_head, return NULL */ struct journal_head *jbd2_journal_grab_journal_head(struct buffer_head *bh) { struct journal_head *jh = NULL; jbd_lock_bh_journal_head(bh); if (buffer_jbd(bh)) { jh = bh2jh(bh); jh->b_jcount++; } jbd_unlock_bh_journal_head(bh); return jh; } static void __journal_remove_journal_head(struct buffer_head *bh) { struct journal_head *jh = bh2jh(bh); J_ASSERT_JH(jh, jh->b_transaction == NULL); J_ASSERT_JH(jh, jh->b_next_transaction == NULL); J_ASSERT_JH(jh, jh->b_cp_transaction == NULL); J_ASSERT_JH(jh, jh->b_jlist == BJ_None); J_ASSERT_BH(bh, buffer_jbd(bh)); J_ASSERT_BH(bh, jh2bh(jh) == bh); BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "remove journal_head"); /* Unlink before dropping the lock */ bh->b_private = NULL; jh->b_bh = NULL; /* debug, really */ clear_buffer_jbd(bh); } static void journal_release_journal_head(struct journal_head *jh, size_t b_size) { if (jh->b_frozen_data) { printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: freeing b_frozen_data\n", __func__); jbd2_free(jh->b_frozen_data, b_size); } if (jh->b_committed_data) { printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: freeing b_committed_data\n", __func__); jbd2_free(jh->b_committed_data, b_size); } journal_free_journal_head(jh); } /* * Drop a reference on the passed journal_head. If it fell to zero then * release the journal_head from the buffer_head. */ void jbd2_journal_put_journal_head(struct journal_head *jh) { struct buffer_head *bh = jh2bh(jh); jbd_lock_bh_journal_head(bh); J_ASSERT_JH(jh, jh->b_jcount > 0); --jh->b_jcount; if (!jh->b_jcount) { __journal_remove_journal_head(bh); jbd_unlock_bh_journal_head(bh); journal_release_journal_head(jh, bh->b_size); __brelse(bh); } else { jbd_unlock_bh_journal_head(bh); } } /* * Initialize jbd inode head */ void jbd2_journal_init_jbd_inode(struct jbd2_inode *jinode, struct inode *inode) { jinode->i_transaction = NULL; jinode->i_next_transaction = NULL; jinode->i_vfs_inode = inode; jinode->i_flags = 0; jinode->i_dirty_start = 0; jinode->i_dirty_end = 0; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&jinode->i_list); } /* * Function to be called before we start removing inode from memory (i.e., * clear_inode() is a fine place to be called from). It removes inode from * transaction's lists. */ void jbd2_journal_release_jbd_inode(journal_t *journal, struct jbd2_inode *jinode) { if (!journal) return; restart: spin_lock(&journal->j_list_lock); /* Is commit writing out inode - we have to wait */ if (jinode->i_flags & JI_COMMIT_RUNNING) { wait_queue_head_t *wq; DEFINE_WAIT_BIT(wait, &jinode->i_flags, __JI_COMMIT_RUNNING); wq = bit_waitqueue(&jinode->i_flags, __JI_COMMIT_RUNNING); prepare_to_wait(wq, &wait.wq_entry, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE); spin_unlock(&journal->j_list_lock); schedule(); finish_wait(wq, &wait.wq_entry); goto restart; } if (jinode->i_transaction) { list_del(&jinode->i_list); jinode->i_transaction = NULL; } spin_unlock(&journal->j_list_lock); } #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS #define JBD2_STATS_PROC_NAME "fs/jbd2" static void __init jbd2_create_jbd_stats_proc_entry(void) { proc_jbd2_stats = proc_mkdir(JBD2_STATS_PROC_NAME, NULL); } static void __exit jbd2_remove_jbd_stats_proc_entry(void) { if (proc_jbd2_stats) remove_proc_entry(JBD2_STATS_PROC_NAME, NULL); } #else #define jbd2_create_jbd_stats_proc_entry() do {} while (0) #define jbd2_remove_jbd_stats_proc_entry() do {} while (0) #endif struct kmem_cache *jbd2_handle_cache, *jbd2_inode_cache; static int __init jbd2_journal_init_inode_cache(void) { J_ASSERT(!jbd2_inode_cache); jbd2_inode_cache = KMEM_CACHE(jbd2_inode, 0); if (!jbd2_inode_cache) { pr_emerg("JBD2: failed to create inode cache\n"); return -ENOMEM; } return 0; } static int __init jbd2_journal_init_handle_cache(void) { J_ASSERT(!jbd2_handle_cache); jbd2_handle_cache = KMEM_CACHE(jbd2_journal_handle, SLAB_TEMPORARY); if (!jbd2_handle_cache) { printk(KERN_EMERG "JBD2: failed to create handle cache\n"); return -ENOMEM; } return 0; } static void jbd2_journal_destroy_inode_cache(void) { kmem_cache_destroy(jbd2_inode_cache); jbd2_inode_cache = NULL; } static void jbd2_journal_destroy_handle_cache(void) { kmem_cache_destroy(jbd2_handle_cache); jbd2_handle_cache = NULL; } /* * Module startup and shutdown */ static int __init journal_init_caches(void) { int ret; ret = jbd2_journal_init_revoke_record_cache(); if (ret == 0) ret = jbd2_journal_init_revoke_table_cache(); if (ret == 0) ret = jbd2_journal_init_journal_head_cache(); if (ret == 0) ret = jbd2_journal_init_handle_cache(); if (ret == 0) ret = jbd2_journal_init_inode_cache(); if (ret == 0) ret = jbd2_journal_init_transaction_cache(); return ret; } static void jbd2_journal_destroy_caches(void) { jbd2_journal_destroy_revoke_record_cache(); jbd2_journal_destroy_revoke_table_cache(); jbd2_journal_destroy_journal_head_cache(); jbd2_journal_destroy_handle_cache(); jbd2_journal_destroy_inode_cache(); jbd2_journal_destroy_transaction_cache(); jbd2_journal_destroy_slabs(); } static int __init journal_init(void) { int ret; BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct journal_superblock_s) != 1024); ret = journal_init_caches(); if (ret == 0) { jbd2_create_jbd_stats_proc_entry(); } else { jbd2_journal_destroy_caches(); } return ret; } static void __exit journal_exit(void) { #ifdef CONFIG_JBD2_DEBUG int n = atomic_read(&nr_journal_heads); if (n) printk(KERN_ERR "JBD2: leaked %d journal_heads!\n", n); #endif jbd2_remove_jbd_stats_proc_entry(); jbd2_journal_destroy_caches(); } MODULE_LICENSE("GPL"); module_init(journal_init); module_exit(journal_exit);
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> /* * This is an implementation of the notion of "decrement a * reference count, and return locked if it decremented to zero". * * NOTE NOTE NOTE! This is _not_ equivalent to * * if (atomic_dec_and_test(&atomic)) { * spin_lock(&lock); * return 1; * } * return 0; * * because the spin-lock and the decrement must be * "atomic". */ int _atomic_dec_and_lock(atomic_t *atomic, spinlock_t *lock) { /* Subtract 1 from counter unless that drops it to 0 (ie. it was 1) */ if (atomic_add_unless(atomic, -1, 1)) return 0; /* Otherwise do it the slow way */ spin_lock(lock); if (atomic_dec_and_test(atomic)) return 1; spin_unlock(lock); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(_atomic_dec_and_lock); int _atomic_dec_and_lock_irqsave(atomic_t *atomic, spinlock_t *lock, unsigned long *flags) { /* Subtract 1 from counter unless that drops it to 0 (ie. it was 1) */ if (atomic_add_unless(atomic, -1, 1)) return 0; /* Otherwise do it the slow way */ spin_lock_irqsave(lock, *flags); if (atomic_dec_and_test(atomic)) return 1; spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, *flags); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(_atomic_dec_and_lock_irqsave);
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All rights reserved. Written 2000,2001 by Maxim Krasnyansky <maxk@qualcomm.com> This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation; THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT OF THIRD PARTY RIGHTS. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER(S) AND AUTHOR(S) BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, OR ANY SPECIAL INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE. ALL LIABILITY, INCLUDING LIABILITY FOR INFRINGEMENT OF ANY PATENTS, COPYRIGHTS, TRADEMARKS OR OTHER RIGHTS, RELATING TO USE OF THIS SOFTWARE IS DISCLAIMED. */ #ifndef __HCI_CORE_H #define __HCI_CORE_H #include <linux/idr.h> #include <linux/leds.h> #include <linux/rculist.h> #include <net/bluetooth/hci.h> #include <net/bluetooth/hci_sock.h> /* HCI priority */ #define HCI_PRIO_MAX 7 /* HCI Core structures */ struct inquiry_data { bdaddr_t bdaddr; __u8 pscan_rep_mode; __u8 pscan_period_mode; __u8 pscan_mode; __u8 dev_class[3]; __le16 clock_offset; __s8 rssi; __u8 ssp_mode; }; struct inquiry_entry { struct list_head all; /* inq_cache.all */ struct list_head list; /* unknown or resolve */ enum { NAME_NOT_KNOWN, NAME_NEEDED, NAME_PENDING, NAME_KNOWN, } name_state; __u32 timestamp; struct inquiry_data data; }; struct discovery_state { int type; enum { DISCOVERY_STOPPED, DISCOVERY_STARTING, DISCOVERY_FINDING, DISCOVERY_RESOLVING, DISCOVERY_STOPPING, } state; struct list_head all; /* All devices found during inquiry */ struct list_head unknown; /* Name state not known */ struct list_head resolve; /* Name needs to be resolved */ __u32 timestamp; bdaddr_t last_adv_addr; u8 last_adv_addr_type; s8 last_adv_rssi; u32 last_adv_flags; u8 last_adv_data[HCI_MAX_AD_LENGTH]; u8 last_adv_data_len; bool report_invalid_rssi; bool result_filtering; bool limited; s8 rssi; u16 uuid_count; u8 (*uuids)[16]; unsigned long scan_start; unsigned long scan_duration; }; #define SUSPEND_NOTIFIER_TIMEOUT msecs_to_jiffies(2000) /* 2 seconds */ enum suspend_tasks { SUSPEND_PAUSE_DISCOVERY, SUSPEND_UNPAUSE_DISCOVERY, SUSPEND_PAUSE_ADVERTISING, SUSPEND_UNPAUSE_ADVERTISING, SUSPEND_SCAN_DISABLE, SUSPEND_SCAN_ENABLE, SUSPEND_DISCONNECTING, SUSPEND_POWERING_DOWN, SUSPEND_PREPARE_NOTIFIER, __SUSPEND_NUM_TASKS }; enum suspended_state { BT_RUNNING = 0, BT_SUSPEND_DISCONNECT, BT_SUSPEND_CONFIGURE_WAKE, }; struct hci_conn_hash { struct list_head list; unsigned int acl_num; unsigned int amp_num; unsigned int sco_num; unsigned int le_num; unsigned int le_num_slave; }; struct bdaddr_list { struct list_head list; bdaddr_t bdaddr; u8 bdaddr_type; }; struct bdaddr_list_with_irk { struct list_head list; bdaddr_t bdaddr; u8 bdaddr_type; u8 peer_irk[16]; u8 local_irk[16]; }; struct bdaddr_list_with_flags { struct list_head list; bdaddr_t bdaddr; u8 bdaddr_type; u32 current_flags; }; enum hci_conn_flags { HCI_CONN_FLAG_REMOTE_WAKEUP, HCI_CONN_FLAG_MAX }; #define hci_conn_test_flag(nr, flags) ((flags) & (1U << nr)) /* Make sure number of flags doesn't exceed sizeof(current_flags) */ static_assert(HCI_CONN_FLAG_MAX < 32); struct bt_uuid { struct list_head list; u8 uuid[16]; u8 size; u8 svc_hint; }; struct blocked_key { struct list_head list; struct rcu_head rcu; u8 type; u8 val[16]; }; struct smp_csrk { bdaddr_t bdaddr; u8 bdaddr_type; u8 type; u8 val[16]; }; struct smp_ltk { struct list_head list; struct rcu_head rcu; bdaddr_t bdaddr; u8 bdaddr_type; u8 authenticated; u8 type; u8 enc_size; __le16 ediv; __le64 rand; u8 val[16]; }; struct smp_irk { struct list_head list; struct rcu_head rcu; bdaddr_t rpa; bdaddr_t bdaddr; u8 addr_type; u8 val[16]; }; struct link_key { struct list_head list; struct rcu_head rcu; bdaddr_t bdaddr; u8 type; u8 val[HCI_LINK_KEY_SIZE]; u8 pin_len; }; struct oob_data { struct list_head list; bdaddr_t bdaddr; u8 bdaddr_type; u8 present; u8 hash192[16]; u8 rand192[16]; u8 hash256[16]; u8 rand256[16]; }; struct adv_info { struct list_head list; bool pending; __u8 instance; __u32 flags; __u16 timeout; __u16 remaining_time; __u16 duration; __u16 adv_data_len; __u8 adv_data[HCI_MAX_EXT_AD_LENGTH]; __u16 scan_rsp_len; __u8 scan_rsp_data[HCI_MAX_EXT_AD_LENGTH]; __s8 tx_power; bdaddr_t random_addr; bool rpa_expired; struct delayed_work rpa_expired_cb; }; #define HCI_MAX_ADV_INSTANCES 5 #define HCI_DEFAULT_ADV_DURATION 2 struct adv_pattern { struct list_head list; __u8 ad_type; __u8 offset; __u8 length; __u8 value[HCI_MAX_AD_LENGTH]; }; struct adv_monitor { struct list_head patterns; bool active; __u16 handle; }; #define HCI_MIN_ADV_MONITOR_HANDLE 1 #define HCI_MAX_ADV_MONITOR_NUM_HANDLES 32 #define HCI_MAX_ADV_MONITOR_NUM_PATTERNS 16 #define HCI_MAX_SHORT_NAME_LENGTH 10 /* Min encryption key size to match with SMP */ #define HCI_MIN_ENC_KEY_SIZE 7 /* Default LE RPA expiry time, 15 minutes */ #define HCI_DEFAULT_RPA_TIMEOUT (15 * 60) /* Default min/max age of connection information (1s/3s) */ #define DEFAULT_CONN_INFO_MIN_AGE 1000 #define DEFAULT_CONN_INFO_MAX_AGE 3000 /* Default authenticated payload timeout 30s */ #define DEFAULT_AUTH_PAYLOAD_TIMEOUT 0x0bb8 struct amp_assoc { __u16 len; __u16 offset; __u16 rem_len; __u16 len_so_far; __u8 data[HCI_MAX_AMP_ASSOC_SIZE]; }; #define HCI_MAX_PAGES 3 struct hci_dev { struct list_head list; struct mutex lock; char name[8]; unsigned long flags; __u16 id; __u8 bus; __u8 dev_type; bdaddr_t bdaddr; bdaddr_t setup_addr; bdaddr_t public_addr; bdaddr_t random_addr; bdaddr_t static_addr; __u8 adv_addr_type; __u8 dev_name[HCI_MAX_NAME_LENGTH]; __u8 short_name[HCI_MAX_SHORT_NAME_LENGTH]; __u8 eir[HCI_MAX_EIR_LENGTH]; __u16 appearance; __u8 dev_class[3]; __u8 major_class; __u8 minor_class; __u8 max_page; __u8 features[HCI_MAX_PAGES][8]; __u8 le_features[8]; __u8 le_white_list_size; __u8 le_resolv_list_size; __u8 le_num_of_adv_sets; __u8 le_states[8]; __u8 commands[64]; __u8 hci_ver; __u16 hci_rev; __u8 lmp_ver; __u16 manufacturer; __u16 lmp_subver; __u16 voice_setting; __u8 num_iac; __u8 stored_max_keys; __u8 stored_num_keys; __u8 io_capability; __s8 inq_tx_power; __u8 err_data_reporting; __u16 page_scan_interval; __u16 page_scan_window; __u8 page_scan_type; __u8 le_adv_channel_map; __u16 le_adv_min_interval; __u16 le_adv_max_interval; __u8 le_scan_type; __u16 le_scan_interval; __u16 le_scan_window; __u16 le_scan_int_suspend; __u16 le_scan_window_suspend; __u16 le_scan_int_discovery; __u16 le_scan_window_discovery; __u16 le_scan_int_adv_monitor; __u16 le_scan_window_adv_monitor; __u16 le_scan_int_connect; __u16 le_scan_window_connect; __u16 le_conn_min_interval; __u16 le_conn_max_interval; __u16 le_conn_latency; __u16 le_supv_timeout; __u16 le_def_tx_len; __u16 le_def_tx_time; __u16 le_max_tx_len; __u16 le_max_tx_time; __u16 le_max_rx_len; __u16 le_max_rx_time; __u8 le_max_key_size; __u8 le_min_key_size; __u16 discov_interleaved_timeout; __u16 conn_info_min_age; __u16 conn_info_max_age; __u16 auth_payload_timeout; __u8 min_enc_key_size; __u8 max_enc_key_size; __u8 pairing_opts; __u8 ssp_debug_mode; __u8 hw_error_code; __u32 clock; __u16 devid_source; __u16 devid_vendor; __u16 devid_product; __u16 devid_version; __u8 def_page_scan_type; __u16 def_page_scan_int; __u16 def_page_scan_window; __u8 def_inq_scan_type; __u16 def_inq_scan_int; __u16 def_inq_scan_window; __u16 def_br_lsto; __u16 def_page_timeout; __u16 def_multi_adv_rotation_duration; __u16 def_le_autoconnect_timeout; __u16 pkt_type; __u16 esco_type; __u16 link_policy; __u16 link_mode; __u32 idle_timeout; __u16 sniff_min_interval; __u16 sniff_max_interval; __u8 amp_status; __u32 amp_total_bw; __u32 amp_max_bw; __u32 amp_min_latency; __u32 amp_max_pdu; __u8 amp_type; __u16 amp_pal_cap; __u16 amp_assoc_size; __u32 amp_max_flush_to; __u32 amp_be_flush_to; struct amp_assoc loc_assoc; __u8 flow_ctl_mode; unsigned int auto_accept_delay; unsigned long quirks; atomic_t cmd_cnt; unsigned int acl_cnt; unsigned int sco_cnt; unsigned int le_cnt; unsigned int acl_mtu; unsigned int sco_mtu; unsigned int le_mtu; unsigned int acl_pkts; unsigned int sco_pkts; unsigned int le_pkts; __u16 block_len; __u16 block_mtu; __u16 num_blocks; __u16 block_cnt; unsigned long acl_last_tx; unsigned long sco_last_tx; unsigned long le_last_tx; __u8 le_tx_def_phys; __u8 le_rx_def_phys; struct workqueue_struct *workqueue; struct workqueue_struct *req_workqueue;