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On the other hand * unaligned DMA can be quite expensive on some Nehalem processors. * * Based on this we disable the IP header alignment in network drivers. */ #define NET_IP_ALIGN 0 #define HBP_NUM 4 /* * These alignment constraints are for performance in the vSMP case, * but in the task_struct case we must also meet hardware imposed * alignment requirements of the FPU state: */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_VSMP # define ARCH_MIN_TASKALIGN (1 << INTERNODE_CACHE_SHIFT) # define ARCH_MIN_MMSTRUCT_ALIGN (1 << INTERNODE_CACHE_SHIFT) #else # define ARCH_MIN_TASKALIGN __alignof__(union fpregs_state) # define ARCH_MIN_MMSTRUCT_ALIGN 0 #endif enum tlb_infos { ENTRIES, NR_INFO }; extern u16 __read_mostly tlb_lli_4k[NR_INFO]; extern u16 __read_mostly tlb_lli_2m[NR_INFO]; extern u16 __read_mostly tlb_lli_4m[NR_INFO]; extern u16 __read_mostly tlb_lld_4k[NR_INFO]; extern u16 __read_mostly tlb_lld_2m[NR_INFO]; extern u16 __read_mostly tlb_lld_4m[NR_INFO]; extern u16 __read_mostly tlb_lld_1g[NR_INFO]; /* * CPU type and hardware bug flags. Kept separately for each CPU. * Members of this structure are referenced in head_32.S, so think twice * before touching them. [mj] */ struct cpuinfo_x86 { __u8 x86; /* CPU family */ __u8 x86_vendor; /* CPU vendor */ __u8 x86_model; __u8 x86_stepping; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 /* Number of 4K pages in DTLB/ITLB combined(in pages): */ int x86_tlbsize; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_X86_VMX_FEATURE_NAMES __u32 vmx_capability[NVMXINTS]; #endif __u8 x86_virt_bits; __u8 x86_phys_bits; /* CPUID returned core id bits: */ __u8 x86_coreid_bits; __u8 cu_id; /* Max extended CPUID function supported: */ __u32 extended_cpuid_level; /* Maximum supported CPUID level, -1=no CPUID: */ int cpuid_level; /* * Align to size of unsigned long because the x86_capability array * is passed to bitops which require the alignment. Use unnamed * union to enforce the array is aligned to size of unsigned long. */ union { __u32 x86_capability[NCAPINTS + NBUGINTS]; unsigned long x86_capability_alignment; }; char x86_vendor_id[16]; char x86_model_id[64]; /* in KB - valid for CPUS which support this call: */ unsigned int x86_cache_size; int x86_cache_alignment; /* In bytes */ /* Cache QoS architectural values, valid only on the BSP: */ int x86_cache_max_rmid; /* max index */ int x86_cache_occ_scale; /* scale to bytes */ int x86_cache_mbm_width_offset; int x86_power; unsigned long loops_per_jiffy; /* cpuid returned max cores value: */ u16 x86_max_cores; u16 apicid; u16 initial_apicid; u16 x86_clflush_size; /* number of cores as seen by the OS: */ u16 booted_cores; /* Physical processor id: */ u16 phys_proc_id; /* Logical processor id: */ u16 logical_proc_id; /* Core id: */ u16 cpu_core_id; u16 cpu_die_id; u16 logical_die_id; /* Index into per_cpu list: */ u16 cpu_index; u32 microcode; /* Address space bits used by the cache internally */ u8 x86_cache_bits; unsigned initialized : 1; } __randomize_layout; struct cpuid_regs { u32 eax, ebx, ecx, edx; }; enum cpuid_regs_idx { CPUID_EAX = 0, CPUID_EBX, CPUID_ECX, CPUID_EDX, }; #define X86_VENDOR_INTEL 0 #define X86_VENDOR_CYRIX 1 #define X86_VENDOR_AMD 2 #define X86_VENDOR_UMC 3 #define X86_VENDOR_CENTAUR 5 #define X86_VENDOR_TRANSMETA 7 #define X86_VENDOR_NSC 8 #define X86_VENDOR_HYGON 9 #define X86_VENDOR_ZHAOXIN 10 #define X86_VENDOR_NUM 11 #define X86_VENDOR_UNKNOWN 0xff /* * capabilities of CPUs */ extern struct cpuinfo_x86 boot_cpu_data; extern struct cpuinfo_x86 new_cpu_data; extern __u32 cpu_caps_cleared[NCAPINTS + NBUGINTS]; extern __u32 cpu_caps_set[NCAPINTS + NBUGINTS]; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP DECLARE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(struct cpuinfo_x86, cpu_info); #define cpu_data(cpu) per_cpu(cpu_info, cpu) #else #define cpu_info boot_cpu_data #define cpu_data(cpu) boot_cpu_data #endif extern const struct seq_operations cpuinfo_op; #define cache_line_size() (boot_cpu_data.x86_cache_alignment) extern void cpu_detect(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c); static inline unsigned long long l1tf_pfn_limit(void) { return BIT_ULL(boot_cpu_data.x86_cache_bits - 1 - PAGE_SHIFT); } extern void early_cpu_init(void); extern void identify_boot_cpu(void); extern void identify_secondary_cpu(struct cpuinfo_x86 *); extern void print_cpu_info(struct cpuinfo_x86 *); void print_cpu_msr(struct cpuinfo_x86 *); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 extern int have_cpuid_p(void); #else static inline int have_cpuid_p(void) { return 1; } #endif static inline void native_cpuid(unsigned int *eax, unsigned int *ebx, unsigned int *ecx, unsigned int *edx) { /* ecx is often an input as well as an output. */ asm volatile("cpuid" : "=a" (*eax), "=b" (*ebx), "=c" (*ecx), "=d" (*edx) : "0" (*eax), "2" (*ecx) : "memory"); } #define native_cpuid_reg(reg) \ static inline unsigned int native_cpuid_##reg(unsigned int op) \ { \ unsigned int eax = op, ebx, ecx = 0, edx; \ \ native_cpuid(&eax, &ebx, &ecx, &edx); \ \ return reg; \ } /* * Native CPUID functions returning a single datum. */ native_cpuid_reg(eax) native_cpuid_reg(ebx) native_cpuid_reg(ecx) native_cpuid_reg(edx) /* * Friendlier CR3 helpers. */ static inline unsigned long read_cr3_pa(void) { return __read_cr3() & CR3_ADDR_MASK; } static inline unsigned long native_read_cr3_pa(void) { return __native_read_cr3() & CR3_ADDR_MASK; } static inline void load_cr3(pgd_t *pgdir) { write_cr3(__sme_pa(pgdir)); } /* * Note that while the legacy 'TSS' name comes from 'Task State Segment', * on modern x86 CPUs the TSS also holds information important to 64-bit mode, * unrelated to the task-switch mechanism: */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 /* This is the TSS defined by the hardware. */ struct x86_hw_tss { unsigned short back_link, __blh; unsigned long sp0; unsigned short ss0, __ss0h; unsigned long sp1; /* * We don't use ring 1, so ss1 is a convenient scratch space in * the same cacheline as sp0. We use ss1 to cache the value in * MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_CS. When we context switch * MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_CS, we first check if the new value being * written matches ss1, and, if it's not, then we wrmsr the new * value and update ss1. * * The only reason we context switch MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_CS is * that we set it to zero in vm86 tasks to avoid corrupting the * stack if we were to go through the sysenter path from vm86 * mode. */ unsigned short ss1; /* MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_CS */ unsigned short __ss1h; unsigned long sp2; unsigned short ss2, __ss2h; unsigned long __cr3; unsigned long ip; unsigned long flags; unsigned long ax; unsigned long cx; unsigned long dx; unsigned long bx; unsigned long sp; unsigned long bp; unsigned long si; unsigned long di; unsigned short es, __esh; unsigned short cs, __csh; unsigned short ss, __ssh; unsigned short ds, __dsh; unsigned short fs, __fsh; unsigned short gs, __gsh; unsigned short ldt, __ldth; unsigned short trace; unsigned short io_bitmap_base; } __attribute__((packed)); #else struct x86_hw_tss { u32 reserved1; u64 sp0; /* * We store cpu_current_top_of_stack in sp1 so it's always accessible. * Linux does not use ring 1, so sp1 is not otherwise needed. */ u64 sp1; /* * Since Linux does not use ring 2, the 'sp2' slot is unused by * hardware. entry_SYSCALL_64 uses it as scratch space to stash * the user RSP value. */ u64 sp2; u64 reserved2; u64 ist[7]; u32 reserved3; u32 reserved4; u16 reserved5; u16 io_bitmap_base; } __attribute__((packed)); #endif /* * IO-bitmap sizes: */ #define IO_BITMAP_BITS 65536 #define IO_BITMAP_BYTES (IO_BITMAP_BITS / BITS_PER_BYTE) #define IO_BITMAP_LONGS (IO_BITMAP_BYTES / sizeof(long)) #define IO_BITMAP_OFFSET_VALID_MAP \ (offsetof(struct tss_struct, io_bitmap.bitmap) - \ offsetof(struct tss_struct, x86_tss)) #define IO_BITMAP_OFFSET_VALID_ALL \ (offsetof(struct tss_struct, io_bitmap.mapall) - \ offsetof(struct tss_struct, x86_tss)) #ifdef CONFIG_X86_IOPL_IOPERM /* * sizeof(unsigned long) coming from an extra "long" at the end of the * iobitmap. The limit is inclusive, i.e. the last valid byte. */ # define __KERNEL_TSS_LIMIT \ (IO_BITMAP_OFFSET_VALID_ALL + IO_BITMAP_BYTES + \ sizeof(unsigned long) - 1) #else # define __KERNEL_TSS_LIMIT \ (offsetof(struct tss_struct, x86_tss) + sizeof(struct x86_hw_tss) - 1) #endif /* Base offset outside of TSS_LIMIT so unpriviledged IO causes #GP */ #define IO_BITMAP_OFFSET_INVALID (__KERNEL_TSS_LIMIT + 1) struct entry_stack { char stack[PAGE_SIZE]; }; struct entry_stack_page { struct entry_stack stack; } __aligned(PAGE_SIZE); /* * All IO bitmap related data stored in the TSS: */ struct x86_io_bitmap { /* The sequence number of the last active bitmap. */ u64 prev_sequence; /* * Store the dirty size of the last io bitmap offender. The next * one will have to do the cleanup as the switch out to a non io * bitmap user will just set x86_tss.io_bitmap_base to a value * outside of the TSS limit. So for sane tasks there is no need to * actually touch the io_bitmap at all. */ unsigned int prev_max; /* * The extra 1 is there because the CPU will access an * additional byte beyond the end of the IO permission * bitmap. The extra byte must be all 1 bits, and must * be within the limit. */ unsigned long bitmap[IO_BITMAP_LONGS + 1]; /* * Special I/O bitmap to emulate IOPL(3). All bytes zero, * except the additional byte at the end. */ unsigned long mapall[IO_BITMAP_LONGS + 1]; }; struct tss_struct { /* * The fixed hardware portion. This must not cross a page boundary * at risk of violating the SDM's advice and potentially triggering * errata. */ struct x86_hw_tss x86_tss; struct x86_io_bitmap io_bitmap; } __aligned(PAGE_SIZE); DECLARE_PER_CPU_PAGE_ALIGNED(struct tss_struct, cpu_tss_rw); /* Per CPU interrupt stacks */ struct irq_stack { char stack[IRQ_STACK_SIZE]; } __aligned(IRQ_STACK_SIZE); DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct irq_stack *, hardirq_stack_ptr); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 DECLARE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, cpu_current_top_of_stack); #else /* The RO copy can't be accessed with this_cpu_xyz(), so use the RW copy. */ #define cpu_current_top_of_stack cpu_tss_rw.x86_tss.sp1 #endif #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 struct fixed_percpu_data { /* * GCC hardcodes the stack canary as %gs:40. Since the * irq_stack is the object at %gs:0, we reserve the bottom * 48 bytes of the irq stack for the canary. */ char gs_base[40]; unsigned long stack_canary; }; DECLARE_PER_CPU_FIRST(struct fixed_percpu_data, fixed_percpu_data) __visible; DECLARE_INIT_PER_CPU(fixed_percpu_data); static inline unsigned long cpu_kernelmode_gs_base(int cpu) { return (unsigned long)per_cpu(fixed_percpu_data.gs_base, cpu); } DECLARE_PER_CPU(unsigned int, irq_count); extern asmlinkage void ignore_sysret(void); /* Save actual FS/GS selectors and bases to current->thread */ void current_save_fsgs(void); #else /* X86_64 */ #ifdef CONFIG_STACKPROTECTOR /* * Make sure stack canary segment base is cached-aligned: * "For Intel Atom processors, avoid non zero segment base address * that is not aligned to cache line boundary at all cost." * (Optim Ref Manual Assembly/Compiler Coding Rule 15.) */ struct stack_canary { char __pad[20]; /* canary at %gs:20 */ unsigned long canary; }; DECLARE_PER_CPU_ALIGNED(struct stack_canary, stack_canary); #endif /* Per CPU softirq stack pointer */ DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct irq_stack *, softirq_stack_ptr); #endif /* X86_64 */ extern unsigned int fpu_kernel_xstate_size; extern unsigned int fpu_user_xstate_size; struct perf_event; struct thread_struct { /* Cached TLS descriptors: */ struct desc_struct tls_array[GDT_ENTRY_TLS_ENTRIES]; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 unsigned long sp0; #endif unsigned long sp; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 unsigned long sysenter_cs; #else unsigned short es; unsigned short ds; unsigned short fsindex; unsigned short gsindex; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 unsigned long fsbase; unsigned long gsbase; #else /* * XXX: this could presumably be unsigned short. Alternatively, * 32-bit kernels could be taught to use fsindex instead. */ unsigned long fs; unsigned long gs; #endif /* Save middle states of ptrace breakpoints */ struct perf_event *ptrace_bps[HBP_NUM]; /* Debug status used for traps, single steps, etc... */ unsigned long virtual_dr6; /* Keep track of the exact dr7 value set by the user */ unsigned long ptrace_dr7; /* Fault info: */ unsigned long cr2; unsigned long trap_nr; unsigned long error_code; #ifdef CONFIG_VM86 /* Virtual 86 mode info */ struct vm86 *vm86; #endif /* IO permissions: */ struct io_bitmap *io_bitmap; /* * IOPL. Priviledge level dependent I/O permission which is * emulated via the I/O bitmap to prevent user space from disabling * interrupts. */ unsigned long iopl_emul; unsigned int iopl_warn:1; unsigned int sig_on_uaccess_err:1; /* Floating point and extended processor state */ struct fpu fpu; /* * WARNING: 'fpu' is dynamically-sized. It *MUST* be at * the end. */ }; /* Whitelist the FPU state from the task_struct for hardened usercopy. */ static inline void arch_thread_struct_whitelist(unsigned long *offset, unsigned long *size) { *offset = offsetof(struct thread_struct, fpu.state); *size = fpu_kernel_xstate_size; } static inline void native_load_sp0(unsigned long sp0) { this_cpu_write(cpu_tss_rw.x86_tss.sp0, sp0); } static __always_inline void native_swapgs(void) { #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 asm volatile("swapgs" ::: "memory"); #endif } static inline unsigned long current_top_of_stack(void) { /* * We can't read directly from tss.sp0: sp0 on x86_32 is special in * and around vm86 mode and sp0 on x86_64 is special because of the * entry trampoline. */ return this_cpu_read_stable(cpu_current_top_of_stack); } static inline bool on_thread_stack(void) { return (unsigned long)(current_top_of_stack() - current_stack_pointer) < THREAD_SIZE; } #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL #include <asm/paravirt.h> #else #define __cpuid native_cpuid static inline void load_sp0(unsigned long sp0) { native_load_sp0(sp0); } #endif /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL */ /* Free all resources held by a thread. */ extern void release_thread(struct task_struct *); unsigned long get_wchan(struct task_struct *p); /* * Generic CPUID function * clear %ecx since some cpus (Cyrix MII) do not set or clear %ecx * resulting in stale register contents being returned. */ static inline void cpuid(unsigned int op, unsigned int *eax, unsigned int *ebx, unsigned int *ecx, unsigned int *edx) { *eax = op; *ecx = 0; __cpuid(eax, ebx, ecx, edx); } /* Some CPUID calls want 'count' to be placed in ecx */ static inline void cpuid_count(unsigned int op, int count, unsigned int *eax, unsigned int *ebx, unsigned int *ecx, unsigned int *edx) { *eax = op; *ecx = count; __cpuid(eax, ebx, ecx, edx); } /* * CPUID functions returning a single datum */ static inline unsigned int cpuid_eax(unsigned int op) { unsigned int eax, ebx, ecx, edx; cpuid(op, &eax, &ebx, &ecx, &edx); return eax; } static inline unsigned int cpuid_ebx(unsigned int op) { unsigned int eax, ebx, ecx, edx; cpuid(op, &eax, &ebx, &ecx, &edx); return ebx; } static inline unsigned int cpuid_ecx(unsigned int op) { unsigned int eax, ebx, ecx, edx; cpuid(op, &eax, &ebx, &ecx, &edx); return ecx; } static inline unsigned int cpuid_edx(unsigned int op) { unsigned int eax, ebx, ecx, edx; cpuid(op, &eax, &ebx, &ecx, &edx); return edx; } extern void select_idle_routine(const struct cpuinfo_x86 *c); extern void amd_e400_c1e_apic_setup(void); extern unsigned long boot_option_idle_override; enum idle_boot_override {IDLE_NO_OVERRIDE=0, IDLE_HALT, IDLE_NOMWAIT, IDLE_POLL}; extern void enable_sep_cpu(void); extern int sysenter_setup(void); /* Defined in head.S */ extern struct desc_ptr early_gdt_descr; extern void switch_to_new_gdt(int); extern void load_direct_gdt(int); extern void load_fixmap_gdt(int); extern void load_percpu_segment(int); extern void cpu_init(void); extern void cpu_init_exception_handling(void); extern void cr4_init(void); static inline unsigned long get_debugctlmsr(void) { unsigned long debugctlmsr = 0; #ifndef CONFIG_X86_DEBUGCTLMSR if (boot_cpu_data.x86 < 6) return 0; #endif rdmsrl(MSR_IA32_DEBUGCTLMSR, debugctlmsr); return debugctlmsr; } static inline void update_debugctlmsr(unsigned long debugctlmsr) { #ifndef CONFIG_X86_DEBUGCTLMSR if (boot_cpu_data.x86 < 6) return; #endif wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_DEBUGCTLMSR, debugctlmsr); } extern void set_task_blockstep(struct task_struct *task, bool on); /* Boot loader type from the setup header: */ extern int bootloader_type; extern int bootloader_version; extern char ignore_fpu_irq; #define HAVE_ARCH_PICK_MMAP_LAYOUT 1 #define ARCH_HAS_PREFETCHW #define ARCH_HAS_SPINLOCK_PREFETCH #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 # define BASE_PREFETCH "" # define ARCH_HAS_PREFETCH #else # define BASE_PREFETCH "prefetcht0 %P1" #endif /* * Prefetch instructions for Pentium III (+) and AMD Athlon (+) * * It's not worth to care about 3dnow prefetches for the K6 * because they are microcoded there and very slow. */ static inline void prefetch(const void *x) { alternative_input(BASE_PREFETCH, "prefetchnta %P1", X86_FEATURE_XMM, "m" (*(const char *)x)); } /* * 3dnow prefetch to get an exclusive cache line. * Useful for spinlocks to avoid one state transition in the * cache coherency protocol: */ static __always_inline void prefetchw(const void *x) { alternative_input(BASE_PREFETCH, "prefetchw %P1", X86_FEATURE_3DNOWPREFETCH, "m" (*(const char *)x)); } static inline void spin_lock_prefetch(const void *x) { prefetchw(x); } #define TOP_OF_INIT_STACK ((unsigned long)&init_stack + sizeof(init_stack) - \ TOP_OF_KERNEL_STACK_PADDING) #define task_top_of_stack(task) ((unsigned long)(task_pt_regs(task) + 1)) #define task_pt_regs(task) \ ({ \ unsigned long __ptr = (unsigned long)task_stack_page(task); \ __ptr += THREAD_SIZE - TOP_OF_KERNEL_STACK_PADDING; \ ((struct pt_regs *)__ptr) - 1; \ }) #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 #define INIT_THREAD { \ .sp0 = TOP_OF_INIT_STACK, \ .sysenter_cs = __KERNEL_CS, \ } #define KSTK_ESP(task) (task_pt_regs(task)->sp) #else #define INIT_THREAD { } extern unsigned long KSTK_ESP(struct task_struct *task); #endif /* CONFIG_X86_64 */ extern void start_thread(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long new_ip, unsigned long new_sp); /* * This decides where the kernel will search for a free chunk of vm * space during mmap's. */ #define __TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE(task_size) (PAGE_ALIGN(task_size / 3)) #define TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE __TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE(TASK_SIZE_LOW) #define KSTK_EIP(task) (task_pt_regs(task)->ip) /* Get/set a process' ability to use the timestamp counter instruction */ #define GET_TSC_CTL(adr) get_tsc_mode((adr)) #define SET_TSC_CTL(val) set_tsc_mode((val)) extern int get_tsc_mode(unsigned long adr); extern int set_tsc_mode(unsigned int val); DECLARE_PER_CPU(u64, msr_misc_features_shadow); #ifdef CONFIG_CPU_SUP_AMD extern u16 amd_get_nb_id(int cpu); extern u32 amd_get_nodes_per_socket(void); #else static inline u16 amd_get_nb_id(int cpu) { return 0; } static inline u32 amd_get_nodes_per_socket(void) { return 0; } #endif static inline uint32_t hypervisor_cpuid_base(const char *sig, uint32_t leaves) { uint32_t base, eax, signature[3]; for (base = 0x40000000; base < 0x40010000; base += 0x100) { cpuid(base, &eax, &signature[0], &signature[1], &signature[2]); if (!memcmp(sig, signature, 12) && (leaves == 0 || ((eax - base) >= leaves))) return base; } return 0; } extern unsigned long arch_align_stack(unsigned long sp); void free_init_pages(const char *what, unsigned long begin, unsigned long end); extern void free_kernel_image_pages(const char *what, void *begin, void *end); void default_idle(void); #ifdef CONFIG_XEN bool xen_set_default_idle(void); #else #define xen_set_default_idle 0 #endif void stop_this_cpu(void *dummy); void microcode_check(void); enum l1tf_mitigations { L1TF_MITIGATION_OFF, L1TF_MITIGATION_FLUSH_NOWARN, L1TF_MITIGATION_FLUSH, L1TF_MITIGATION_FLUSH_NOSMT, L1TF_MITIGATION_FULL, L1TF_MITIGATION_FULL_FORCE }; extern enum l1tf_mitigations l1tf_mitigation; enum mds_mitigations { MDS_MITIGATION_OFF, MDS_MITIGATION_FULL, MDS_MITIGATION_VMWERV, }; #endif /* _ASM_X86_PROCESSOR_H */
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_TASK_H #define _LINUX_SCHED_TASK_H /* * Interface between the scheduler and various task lifetime (fork()/exit()) * functionality: */ #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> struct task_struct; struct rusage; union thread_union; struct css_set; /* All the bits taken by the old clone syscall. */ #define CLONE_LEGACY_FLAGS 0xffffffffULL struct kernel_clone_args { u64 flags; int __user *pidfd; int __user *child_tid; int __user *parent_tid; int exit_signal; unsigned long stack; unsigned long stack_size; unsigned long tls; pid_t *set_tid; /* Number of elements in *set_tid */ size_t set_tid_size; int cgroup; struct cgroup *cgrp; struct css_set *cset; }; /* * This serializes "schedule()" and also protects * the run-queue from deletions/modifications (but * _adding_ to the beginning of the run-queue has * a separate lock). */ extern rwlock_t tasklist_lock; extern spinlock_t mmlist_lock; extern union thread_union init_thread_union; extern struct task_struct init_task; #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU extern int lockdep_tasklist_lock_is_held(void); #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU */ extern asmlinkage void schedule_tail(struct task_struct *prev); extern void init_idle(struct task_struct *idle, int cpu); extern int sched_fork(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *p); extern void sched_post_fork(struct task_struct *p, struct kernel_clone_args *kargs); extern void sched_dead(struct task_struct *p); void __noreturn do_task_dead(void); extern void proc_caches_init(void); extern void fork_init(void); extern void release_task(struct task_struct * p); extern int copy_thread(unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, struct task_struct *, unsigned long); extern void flush_thread(void); #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_EXIT_THREAD extern void exit_thread(struct task_struct *tsk); #else static inline void exit_thread(struct task_struct *tsk) { } #endif extern void do_group_exit(int); extern void exit_files(struct task_struct *); extern void exit_itimers(struct signal_struct *); extern pid_t kernel_clone(struct kernel_clone_args *kargs); struct task_struct *fork_idle(int); struct mm_struct *copy_init_mm(void); extern pid_t kernel_thread(int (*fn)(void *), void *arg, unsigned long flags); extern long kernel_wait4(pid_t, int __user *, int, struct rusage *); int kernel_wait(pid_t pid, int *stat); extern void free_task(struct task_struct *tsk); /* sched_exec is called by processes performing an exec */ #ifdef CONFIG_SMP extern void sched_exec(void); #else #define sched_exec() {} #endif static inline struct task_struct *get_task_struct(struct task_struct *t) { refcount_inc(&t->usage); return t; } extern void __put_task_struct(struct task_struct *t); static inline void put_task_struct(struct task_struct *t) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&t->usage)) __put_task_struct(t); } static inline void put_task_struct_many(struct task_struct *t, int nr) { if (refcount_sub_and_test(nr, &t->usage)) __put_task_struct(t); } void put_task_struct_rcu_user(struct task_struct *task); #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WANTS_DYNAMIC_TASK_STRUCT extern int arch_task_struct_size __read_mostly; #else # define arch_task_struct_size (sizeof(struct task_struct)) #endif #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_THREAD_STRUCT_WHITELIST /* * If an architecture has not declared a thread_struct whitelist we * must assume something there may need to be copied to userspace. */ static inline void arch_thread_struct_whitelist(unsigned long *offset, unsigned long *size) { *offset = 0; /* Handle dynamically sized thread_struct. */ *size = arch_task_struct_size - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK static inline struct vm_struct *task_stack_vm_area(const struct task_struct *t) { return t->stack_vm_area; } #else static inline struct vm_struct *task_stack_vm_area(const struct task_struct *t) { return NULL; } #endif /* * Protects ->fs, ->files, ->mm, ->group_info, ->comm, keyring * subscriptions and synchronises with wait4(). Also used in procfs. Also * pins the final release of task.io_context. Also protects ->cpuset and * ->cgroup.subsys[]. And ->vfork_done. And ->sysvshm.shm_clist. * * Nests both inside and outside of read_lock(&tasklist_lock). * It must not be nested with write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock), * neither inside nor outside. */ static inline void task_lock(struct task_struct *p) { spin_lock(&p->alloc_lock); } static inline void task_unlock(struct task_struct *p) { spin_unlock(&p->alloc_lock); } #endif /* _LINUX_SCHED_TASK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_NET_SCM_H #define __LINUX_NET_SCM_H #include <linux/limits.h> #include <linux/net.h> #include <linux/cred.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/pid.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> /* Well, we should have at least one descriptor open * to accept passed FDs 8) */ #define SCM_MAX_FD 253 struct scm_creds { u32 pid; kuid_t uid; kgid_t gid; }; struct scm_fp_list { short count; short max; struct user_struct *user; struct file *fp[SCM_MAX_FD]; }; struct scm_cookie { struct pid *pid; /* Skb credentials */ struct scm_fp_list *fp; /* Passed files */ struct scm_creds creds; /* Skb credentials */ #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_NETWORK u32 secid; /* Passed security ID */ #endif }; void scm_detach_fds(struct msghdr *msg, struct scm_cookie *scm); void scm_detach_fds_compat(struct msghdr *msg, struct scm_cookie *scm); int __scm_send(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, struct scm_cookie *scm); void __scm_destroy(struct scm_cookie *scm); struct scm_fp_list *scm_fp_dup(struct scm_fp_list *fpl); #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_NETWORK static __inline__ void unix_get_peersec_dgram(struct socket *sock, struct scm_cookie *scm) { security_socket_getpeersec_dgram(sock, NULL, &scm->secid); } #else static __inline__ void unix_get_peersec_dgram(struct socket *sock, struct scm_cookie *scm) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SECURITY_NETWORK */ static __inline__ void scm_set_cred(struct scm_cookie *scm, struct pid *pid, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid) { scm->pid = get_pid(pid); scm->creds.pid = pid_vnr(pid); scm->creds.uid = uid; scm->creds.gid = gid; } static __inline__ void scm_destroy_cred(struct scm_cookie *scm) { put_pid(scm->pid); scm->pid = NULL; } static __inline__ void scm_destroy(struct scm_cookie *scm) { scm_destroy_cred(scm); if (scm->fp) __scm_destroy(scm); } static __inline__ int scm_send(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, struct scm_cookie *scm, bool forcecreds) { memset(scm, 0, sizeof(*scm)); scm->creds.uid = INVALID_UID; scm->creds.gid = INVALID_GID; if (forcecreds) scm_set_cred(scm, task_tgid(current), current_uid(), current_gid()); unix_get_peersec_dgram(sock, scm); if (msg->msg_controllen <= 0) return 0; return __scm_send(sock, msg, scm); } #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_NETWORK static inline void scm_passec(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, struct scm_cookie *scm) { char *secdata; u32 seclen; int err; if (test_bit(SOCK_PASSSEC, &sock->flags)) { err = security_secid_to_secctx(scm->secid, &secdata, &seclen); if (!err) { put_cmsg(msg, SOL_SOCKET, SCM_SECURITY, seclen, secdata); security_release_secctx(secdata, seclen); } } } #else static inline void scm_passec(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, struct scm_cookie *scm) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SECURITY_NETWORK */ static __inline__ void scm_recv(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, struct scm_cookie *scm, int flags) { if (!msg->msg_control) { if (test_bit(SOCK_PASSCRED, &sock->flags) || scm->fp) msg->msg_flags |= MSG_CTRUNC; scm_destroy(scm); return; } if (test_bit(SOCK_PASSCRED, &sock->flags)) { struct user_namespace *current_ns = current_user_ns(); struct ucred ucreds = { .pid = scm->creds.pid, .uid = from_kuid_munged(current_ns, scm->creds.uid), .gid = from_kgid_munged(current_ns, scm->creds.gid), }; put_cmsg(msg, SOL_SOCKET, SCM_CREDENTIALS, sizeof(ucreds), &ucreds); } scm_destroy_cred(scm); scm_passec(sock, msg, scm); if (!scm->fp) return; scm_detach_fds(msg, scm); } #endif /* __LINUX_NET_SCM_H */
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1215 1216 1217 1218 1219 1220 1221 1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * Implementation of the kernel access vector cache (AVC). * * Authors: Stephen Smalley, <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> * James Morris <jmorris@redhat.com> * * Update: KaiGai, Kohei <kaigai@ak.jp.nec.com> * Replaced the avc_lock spinlock by RCU. * * Copyright (C) 2003 Red Hat, Inc., James Morris <jmorris@redhat.com> */ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/dcache.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <linux/un.h> #include <net/af_unix.h> #include <linux/ip.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <net/ipv6.h> #include "avc.h" #include "avc_ss.h" #include "classmap.h" #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <trace/events/avc.h> #define AVC_CACHE_SLOTS 512 #define AVC_DEF_CACHE_THRESHOLD 512 #define AVC_CACHE_RECLAIM 16 #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_AVC_STATS #define avc_cache_stats_incr(field) this_cpu_inc(avc_cache_stats.field) #else #define avc_cache_stats_incr(field) do {} while (0) #endif struct avc_entry { u32 ssid; u32 tsid; u16 tclass; struct av_decision avd; struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node; }; struct avc_node { struct avc_entry ae; struct hlist_node list; /* anchored in avc_cache->slots[i] */ struct rcu_head rhead; }; struct avc_xperms_decision_node { struct extended_perms_decision xpd; struct list_head xpd_list; /* list of extended_perms_decision */ }; struct avc_xperms_node { struct extended_perms xp; struct list_head xpd_head; /* list head of extended_perms_decision */ }; struct avc_cache { struct hlist_head slots[AVC_CACHE_SLOTS]; /* head for avc_node->list */ spinlock_t slots_lock[AVC_CACHE_SLOTS]; /* lock for writes */ atomic_t lru_hint; /* LRU hint for reclaim scan */ atomic_t active_nodes; u32 latest_notif; /* latest revocation notification */ }; struct avc_callback_node { int (*callback) (u32 event); u32 events; struct avc_callback_node *next; }; #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_AVC_STATS DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct avc_cache_stats, avc_cache_stats) = { 0 }; #endif struct selinux_avc { unsigned int avc_cache_threshold; struct avc_cache avc_cache; }; static struct selinux_avc selinux_avc; void selinux_avc_init(struct selinux_avc **avc) { int i; selinux_avc.avc_cache_threshold = AVC_DEF_CACHE_THRESHOLD; for (i = 0; i < AVC_CACHE_SLOTS; i++) { INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&selinux_avc.avc_cache.slots[i]); spin_lock_init(&selinux_avc.avc_cache.slots_lock[i]); } atomic_set(&selinux_avc.avc_cache.active_nodes, 0); atomic_set(&selinux_avc.avc_cache.lru_hint, 0); *avc = &selinux_avc; } unsigned int avc_get_cache_threshold(struct selinux_avc *avc) { return avc->avc_cache_threshold; } void avc_set_cache_threshold(struct selinux_avc *avc, unsigned int cache_threshold) { avc->avc_cache_threshold = cache_threshold; } static struct avc_callback_node *avc_callbacks; static struct kmem_cache *avc_node_cachep; static struct kmem_cache *avc_xperms_data_cachep; static struct kmem_cache *avc_xperms_decision_cachep; static struct kmem_cache *avc_xperms_cachep; static inline int avc_hash(u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass) { return (ssid ^ (tsid<<2) ^ (tclass<<4)) & (AVC_CACHE_SLOTS - 1); } /** * avc_init - Initialize the AVC. * * Initialize the access vector cache. */ void __init avc_init(void) { avc_node_cachep = kmem_cache_create("avc_node", sizeof(struct avc_node), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); avc_xperms_cachep = kmem_cache_create("avc_xperms_node", sizeof(struct avc_xperms_node), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); avc_xperms_decision_cachep = kmem_cache_create( "avc_xperms_decision_node", sizeof(struct avc_xperms_decision_node), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); avc_xperms_data_cachep = kmem_cache_create("avc_xperms_data", sizeof(struct extended_perms_data), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); } int avc_get_hash_stats(struct selinux_avc *avc, char *page) { int i, chain_len, max_chain_len, slots_used; struct avc_node *node; struct hlist_head *head; rcu_read_lock(); slots_used = 0; max_chain_len = 0; for (i = 0; i < AVC_CACHE_SLOTS; i++) { head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[i]; if (!hlist_empty(head)) { slots_used++; chain_len = 0; hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(node, head, list) chain_len++; if (chain_len > max_chain_len) max_chain_len = chain_len; } } rcu_read_unlock(); return scnprintf(page, PAGE_SIZE, "entries: %d\nbuckets used: %d/%d\n" "longest chain: %d\n", atomic_read(&avc->avc_cache.active_nodes), slots_used, AVC_CACHE_SLOTS, max_chain_len); } /* * using a linked list for extended_perms_decision lookup because the list is * always small. i.e. less than 5, typically 1 */ static struct extended_perms_decision *avc_xperms_decision_lookup(u8 driver, struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node) { struct avc_xperms_decision_node *xpd_node; list_for_each_entry(xpd_node, &xp_node->xpd_head, xpd_list) { if (xpd_node->xpd.driver == driver) return &xpd_node->xpd; } return NULL; } static inline unsigned int avc_xperms_has_perm(struct extended_perms_decision *xpd, u8 perm, u8 which) { unsigned int rc = 0; if ((which == XPERMS_ALLOWED) && (xpd->used & XPERMS_ALLOWED)) rc = security_xperm_test(xpd->allowed->p, perm); else if ((which == XPERMS_AUDITALLOW) && (xpd->used & XPERMS_AUDITALLOW)) rc = security_xperm_test(xpd->auditallow->p, perm); else if ((which == XPERMS_DONTAUDIT) && (xpd->used & XPERMS_DONTAUDIT)) rc = security_xperm_test(xpd->dontaudit->p, perm); return rc; } static void avc_xperms_allow_perm(struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node, u8 driver, u8 perm) { struct extended_perms_decision *xpd; security_xperm_set(xp_node->xp.drivers.p, driver); xpd = avc_xperms_decision_lookup(driver, xp_node); if (xpd && xpd->allowed) security_xperm_set(xpd->allowed->p, perm); } static void avc_xperms_decision_free(struct avc_xperms_decision_node *xpd_node) { struct extended_perms_decision *xpd; xpd = &xpd_node->xpd; if (xpd->allowed) kmem_cache_free(avc_xperms_data_cachep, xpd->allowed); if (xpd->auditallow) kmem_cache_free(avc_xperms_data_cachep, xpd->auditallow); if (xpd->dontaudit) kmem_cache_free(avc_xperms_data_cachep, xpd->dontaudit); kmem_cache_free(avc_xperms_decision_cachep, xpd_node); } static void avc_xperms_free(struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node) { struct avc_xperms_decision_node *xpd_node, *tmp; if (!xp_node) return; list_for_each_entry_safe(xpd_node, tmp, &xp_node->xpd_head, xpd_list) { list_del(&xpd_node->xpd_list); avc_xperms_decision_free(xpd_node); } kmem_cache_free(avc_xperms_cachep, xp_node); } static void avc_copy_xperms_decision(struct extended_perms_decision *dest, struct extended_perms_decision *src) { dest->driver = src->driver; dest->used = src->used; if (dest->used & XPERMS_ALLOWED) memcpy(dest->allowed->p, src->allowed->p, sizeof(src->allowed->p)); if (dest->used & XPERMS_AUDITALLOW) memcpy(dest->auditallow->p, src->auditallow->p, sizeof(src->auditallow->p)); if (dest->used & XPERMS_DONTAUDIT) memcpy(dest->dontaudit->p, src->dontaudit->p, sizeof(src->dontaudit->p)); } /* * similar to avc_copy_xperms_decision, but only copy decision * information relevant to this perm */ static inline void avc_quick_copy_xperms_decision(u8 perm, struct extended_perms_decision *dest, struct extended_perms_decision *src) { /* * compute index of the u32 of the 256 bits (8 u32s) that contain this * command permission */ u8 i = perm >> 5; dest->used = src->used; if (dest->used & XPERMS_ALLOWED) dest->allowed->p[i] = src->allowed->p[i]; if (dest->used & XPERMS_AUDITALLOW) dest->auditallow->p[i] = src->auditallow->p[i]; if (dest->used & XPERMS_DONTAUDIT) dest->dontaudit->p[i] = src->dontaudit->p[i]; } static struct avc_xperms_decision_node *avc_xperms_decision_alloc(u8 which) { struct avc_xperms_decision_node *xpd_node; struct extended_perms_decision *xpd; xpd_node = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_xperms_decision_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!xpd_node) return NULL; xpd = &xpd_node->xpd; if (which & XPERMS_ALLOWED) { xpd->allowed = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_xperms_data_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!xpd->allowed) goto error; } if (which & XPERMS_AUDITALLOW) { xpd->auditallow = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_xperms_data_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!xpd->auditallow) goto error; } if (which & XPERMS_DONTAUDIT) { xpd->dontaudit = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_xperms_data_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!xpd->dontaudit) goto error; } return xpd_node; error: avc_xperms_decision_free(xpd_node); return NULL; } static int avc_add_xperms_decision(struct avc_node *node, struct extended_perms_decision *src) { struct avc_xperms_decision_node *dest_xpd; node->ae.xp_node->xp.len++; dest_xpd = avc_xperms_decision_alloc(src->used); if (!dest_xpd) return -ENOMEM; avc_copy_xperms_decision(&dest_xpd->xpd, src); list_add(&dest_xpd->xpd_list, &node->ae.xp_node->xpd_head); return 0; } static struct avc_xperms_node *avc_xperms_alloc(void) { struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node; xp_node = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_xperms_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!xp_node) return xp_node; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&xp_node->xpd_head); return xp_node; } static int avc_xperms_populate(struct avc_node *node, struct avc_xperms_node *src) { struct avc_xperms_node *dest; struct avc_xperms_decision_node *dest_xpd; struct avc_xperms_decision_node *src_xpd; if (src->xp.len == 0) return 0; dest = avc_xperms_alloc(); if (!dest) return -ENOMEM; memcpy(dest->xp.drivers.p, src->xp.drivers.p, sizeof(dest->xp.drivers.p)); dest->xp.len = src->xp.len; /* for each source xpd allocate a destination xpd and copy */ list_for_each_entry(src_xpd, &src->xpd_head, xpd_list) { dest_xpd = avc_xperms_decision_alloc(src_xpd->xpd.used); if (!dest_xpd) goto error; avc_copy_xperms_decision(&dest_xpd->xpd, &src_xpd->xpd); list_add(&dest_xpd->xpd_list, &dest->xpd_head); } node->ae.xp_node = dest; return 0; error: avc_xperms_free(dest); return -ENOMEM; } static inline u32 avc_xperms_audit_required(u32 requested, struct av_decision *avd, struct extended_perms_decision *xpd, u8 perm, int result, u32 *deniedp) { u32 denied, audited; denied = requested & ~avd->allowed; if (unlikely(denied)) { audited = denied & avd->auditdeny; if (audited && xpd) { if (avc_xperms_has_perm(xpd, perm, XPERMS_DONTAUDIT)) audited &= ~requested; } } else if (result) { audited = denied = requested; } else { audited = requested & avd->auditallow; if (audited && xpd) { if (!avc_xperms_has_perm(xpd, perm, XPERMS_AUDITALLOW)) audited &= ~requested; } } *deniedp = denied; return audited; } static inline int avc_xperms_audit(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, struct av_decision *avd, struct extended_perms_decision *xpd, u8 perm, int result, struct common_audit_data *ad) { u32 audited, denied; audited = avc_xperms_audit_required( requested, avd, xpd, perm, result, &denied); if (likely(!audited)) return 0; return slow_avc_audit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, audited, denied, result, ad); } static void avc_node_free(struct rcu_head *rhead) { struct avc_node *node = container_of(rhead, struct avc_node, rhead); avc_xperms_free(node->ae.xp_node); kmem_cache_free(avc_node_cachep, node); avc_cache_stats_incr(frees); } static void avc_node_delete(struct selinux_avc *avc, struct avc_node *node) { hlist_del_rcu(&node->list); call_rcu(&node->rhead, avc_node_free); atomic_dec(&avc->avc_cache.active_nodes); } static void avc_node_kill(struct selinux_avc *avc, struct avc_node *node) { avc_xperms_free(node->ae.xp_node); kmem_cache_free(avc_node_cachep, node); avc_cache_stats_incr(frees); atomic_dec(&avc->avc_cache.active_nodes); } static void avc_node_replace(struct selinux_avc *avc, struct avc_node *new, struct avc_node *old) { hlist_replace_rcu(&old->list, &new->list); call_rcu(&old->rhead, avc_node_free); atomic_dec(&avc->avc_cache.active_nodes); } static inline int avc_reclaim_node(struct selinux_avc *avc) { struct avc_node *node; int hvalue, try, ecx; unsigned long flags; struct hlist_head *head; spinlock_t *lock; for (try = 0, ecx = 0; try < AVC_CACHE_SLOTS; try++) { hvalue = atomic_inc_return(&avc->avc_cache.lru_hint) & (AVC_CACHE_SLOTS - 1); head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[hvalue]; lock = &avc->avc_cache.slots_lock[hvalue]; if (!spin_trylock_irqsave(lock, flags)) continue; rcu_read_lock(); hlist_for_each_entry(node, head, list) { avc_node_delete(avc, node); avc_cache_stats_incr(reclaims); ecx++; if (ecx >= AVC_CACHE_RECLAIM) { rcu_read_unlock(); spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flags); goto out; } } rcu_read_unlock(); spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flags); } out: return ecx; } static struct avc_node *avc_alloc_node(struct selinux_avc *avc) { struct avc_node *node; node = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_node_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!node) goto out; INIT_HLIST_NODE(&node->list); avc_cache_stats_incr(allocations); if (atomic_inc_return(&avc->avc_cache.active_nodes) > avc->avc_cache_threshold) avc_reclaim_node(avc); out: return node; } static void avc_node_populate(struct avc_node *node, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, struct av_decision *avd) { node->ae.ssid = ssid; node->ae.tsid = tsid; node->ae.tclass = tclass; memcpy(&node->ae.avd, avd, sizeof(node->ae.avd)); } static inline struct avc_node *avc_search_node(struct selinux_avc *avc, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass) { struct avc_node *node, *ret = NULL; int hvalue; struct hlist_head *head; hvalue = avc_hash(ssid, tsid, tclass); head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[hvalue]; hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(node, head, list) { if (ssid == node->ae.ssid && tclass == node->ae.tclass && tsid == node->ae.tsid) { ret = node; break; } } return ret; } /** * avc_lookup - Look up an AVC entry. * @ssid: source security identifier * @tsid: target security identifier * @tclass: target security class * * Look up an AVC entry that is valid for the * (@ssid, @tsid), interpreting the permissions * based on @tclass. If a valid AVC entry exists, * then this function returns the avc_node. * Otherwise, this function returns NULL. */ static struct avc_node *avc_lookup(struct selinux_avc *avc, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass) { struct avc_node *node; avc_cache_stats_incr(lookups); node = avc_search_node(avc, ssid, tsid, tclass); if (node) return node; avc_cache_stats_incr(misses); return NULL; } static int avc_latest_notif_update(struct selinux_avc *avc, int seqno, int is_insert) { int ret = 0; static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(notif_lock); unsigned long flag; spin_lock_irqsave(&notif_lock, flag); if (is_insert) { if (seqno < avc->avc_cache.latest_notif) { pr_warn("SELinux: avc: seqno %d < latest_notif %d\n", seqno, avc->avc_cache.latest_notif); ret = -EAGAIN; } } else { if (seqno > avc->avc_cache.latest_notif) avc->avc_cache.latest_notif = seqno; } spin_unlock_irqrestore(&notif_lock, flag); return ret; } /** * avc_insert - Insert an AVC entry. * @ssid: source security identifier * @tsid: target security identifier * @tclass: target security class * @avd: resulting av decision * @xp_node: resulting extended permissions * * Insert an AVC entry for the SID pair * (@ssid, @tsid) and class @tclass. * The access vectors and the sequence number are * normally provided by the security server in * response to a security_compute_av() call. If the * sequence number @avd->seqno is not less than the latest * revocation notification, then the function copies * the access vectors into a cache entry, returns * avc_node inserted. Otherwise, this function returns NULL. */ static struct avc_node *avc_insert(struct selinux_avc *avc, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, struct av_decision *avd, struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node) { struct avc_node *pos, *node = NULL; int hvalue; unsigned long flag; spinlock_t *lock; struct hlist_head *head; if (avc_latest_notif_update(avc, avd->seqno, 1)) return NULL; node = avc_alloc_node(avc); if (!node) return NULL; avc_node_populate(node, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd); if (avc_xperms_populate(node, xp_node)) { avc_node_kill(avc, node); return NULL; } hvalue = avc_hash(ssid, tsid, tclass); head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[hvalue]; lock = &avc->avc_cache.slots_lock[hvalue]; spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flag); hlist_for_each_entry(pos, head, list) { if (pos->ae.ssid == ssid && pos->ae.tsid == tsid && pos->ae.tclass == tclass) { avc_node_replace(avc, node, pos); goto found; } } hlist_add_head_rcu(&node->list, head); found: spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flag); return node; } /** * avc_audit_pre_callback - SELinux specific information * will be called by generic audit code * @ab: the audit buffer * @a: audit_data */ static void avc_audit_pre_callback(struct audit_buffer *ab, void *a) { struct common_audit_data *ad = a; struct selinux_audit_data *sad = ad->selinux_audit_data; u32 av = sad->audited; const char **perms; int i, perm; audit_log_format(ab, "avc: %s ", sad->denied ? "denied" : "granted"); if (av == 0) { audit_log_format(ab, " null"); return; } perms = secclass_map[sad->tclass-1].perms; audit_log_format(ab, " {"); i = 0; perm = 1; while (i < (sizeof(av) * 8)) { if ((perm & av) && perms[i]) { audit_log_format(ab, " %s", perms[i]); av &= ~perm; } i++; perm <<= 1; } if (av) audit_log_format(ab, " 0x%x", av); audit_log_format(ab, " } for "); } /** * avc_audit_post_callback - SELinux specific information * will be called by generic audit code * @ab: the audit buffer * @a: audit_data */ static void avc_audit_post_callback(struct audit_buffer *ab, void *a) { struct common_audit_data *ad = a; struct selinux_audit_data *sad = ad->selinux_audit_data; char *scontext = NULL; char *tcontext = NULL; const char *tclass = NULL; u32 scontext_len; u32 tcontext_len; int rc; rc = security_sid_to_context(sad->state, sad->ssid, &scontext, &scontext_len); if (rc) audit_log_format(ab, " ssid=%d", sad->ssid); else audit_log_format(ab, " scontext=%s", scontext); rc = security_sid_to_context(sad->state, sad->tsid, &tcontext, &tcontext_len); if (rc) audit_log_format(ab, " tsid=%d", sad->tsid); else audit_log_format(ab, " tcontext=%s", tcontext); tclass = secclass_map[sad->tclass-1].name; audit_log_format(ab, " tclass=%s", tclass); if (sad->denied) audit_log_format(ab, " permissive=%u", sad->result ? 0 : 1); trace_selinux_audited(sad, scontext, tcontext, tclass); kfree(tcontext); kfree(scontext); /* in case of invalid context report also the actual context string */ rc = security_sid_to_context_inval(sad->state, sad->ssid, &scontext, &scontext_len); if (!rc && scontext) { if (scontext_len && scontext[scontext_len - 1] == '\0') scontext_len--; audit_log_format(ab, " srawcon="); audit_log_n_untrustedstring(ab, scontext, scontext_len); kfree(scontext); } rc = security_sid_to_context_inval(sad->state, sad->tsid, &scontext, &scontext_len); if (!rc && scontext) { if (scontext_len && scontext[scontext_len - 1] == '\0') scontext_len--; audit_log_format(ab, " trawcon="); audit_log_n_untrustedstring(ab, scontext, scontext_len); kfree(scontext); } } /* This is the slow part of avc audit with big stack footprint */ noinline int slow_avc_audit(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, u32 audited, u32 denied, int result, struct common_audit_data *a) { struct common_audit_data stack_data; struct selinux_audit_data sad; if (WARN_ON(!tclass || tclass >= ARRAY_SIZE(secclass_map))) return -EINVAL; if (!a) { a = &stack_data; a->type = LSM_AUDIT_DATA_NONE; } sad.tclass = tclass; sad.requested = requested; sad.ssid = ssid; sad.tsid = tsid; sad.audited = audited; sad.denied = denied; sad.result = result; sad.state = state; a->selinux_audit_data = &sad; common_lsm_audit(a, avc_audit_pre_callback, avc_audit_post_callback); return 0; } /** * avc_add_callback - Register a callback for security events. * @callback: callback function * @events: security events * * Register a callback function for events in the set @events. * Returns %0 on success or -%ENOMEM if insufficient memory * exists to add the callback. */ int __init avc_add_callback(int (*callback)(u32 event), u32 events) { struct avc_callback_node *c; int rc = 0; c = kmalloc(sizeof(*c), GFP_KERNEL); if (!c) { rc = -ENOMEM; goto out; } c->callback = callback; c->events = events; c->next = avc_callbacks; avc_callbacks = c; out: return rc; } /** * avc_update_node Update an AVC entry * @event : Updating event * @perms : Permission mask bits * @ssid,@tsid,@tclass : identifier of an AVC entry * @seqno : sequence number when decision was made * @xpd: extended_perms_decision to be added to the node * @flags: the AVC_* flags, e.g. AVC_NONBLOCKING, AVC_EXTENDED_PERMS, or 0. * * if a valid AVC entry doesn't exist,this function returns -ENOENT. * if kmalloc() called internal returns NULL, this function returns -ENOMEM. * otherwise, this function updates the AVC entry. The original AVC-entry object * will release later by RCU. */ static int avc_update_node(struct selinux_avc *avc, u32 event, u32 perms, u8 driver, u8 xperm, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 seqno, struct extended_perms_decision *xpd, u32 flags) { int hvalue, rc = 0; unsigned long flag; struct avc_node *pos, *node, *orig = NULL; struct hlist_head *head; spinlock_t *lock; /* * If we are in a non-blocking code path, e.g. VFS RCU walk, * then we must not add permissions to a cache entry * because we will not audit the denial. Otherwise, * during the subsequent blocking retry (e.g. VFS ref walk), we * will find the permissions already granted in the cache entry * and won't audit anything at all, leading to silent denials in * permissive mode that only appear when in enforcing mode. * * See the corresponding handling of MAY_NOT_BLOCK in avc_audit() * and selinux_inode_permission(). */ if (flags & AVC_NONBLOCKING) return 0; node = avc_alloc_node(avc); if (!node) { rc = -ENOMEM; goto out; } /* Lock the target slot */ hvalue = avc_hash(ssid, tsid, tclass); head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[hvalue]; lock = &avc->avc_cache.slots_lock[hvalue]; spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flag); hlist_for_each_entry(pos, head, list) { if (ssid == pos->ae.ssid && tsid == pos->ae.tsid && tclass == pos->ae.tclass && seqno == pos->ae.avd.seqno){ orig = pos; break; } } if (!orig) { rc = -ENOENT; avc_node_kill(avc, node); goto out_unlock; } /* * Copy and replace original node. */ avc_node_populate(node, ssid, tsid, tclass, &orig->ae.avd); if (orig->ae.xp_node) { rc = avc_xperms_populate(node, orig->ae.xp_node); if (rc) { avc_node_kill(avc, node); goto out_unlock; } } switch (event) { case AVC_CALLBACK_GRANT: node->ae.avd.allowed |= perms; if (node->ae.xp_node && (flags & AVC_EXTENDED_PERMS)) avc_xperms_allow_perm(node->ae.xp_node, driver, xperm); break; case AVC_CALLBACK_TRY_REVOKE: case AVC_CALLBACK_REVOKE: node->ae.avd.allowed &= ~perms; break; case AVC_CALLBACK_AUDITALLOW_ENABLE: node->ae.avd.auditallow |= perms; break; case AVC_CALLBACK_AUDITALLOW_DISABLE: node->ae.avd.auditallow &= ~perms; break; case AVC_CALLBACK_AUDITDENY_ENABLE: node->ae.avd.auditdeny |= perms; break; case AVC_CALLBACK_AUDITDENY_DISABLE: node->ae.avd.auditdeny &= ~perms; break; case AVC_CALLBACK_ADD_XPERMS: avc_add_xperms_decision(node, xpd); break; } avc_node_replace(avc, node, orig); out_unlock: spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flag); out: return rc; } /** * avc_flush - Flush the cache */ static void avc_flush(struct selinux_avc *avc) { struct hlist_head *head; struct avc_node *node; spinlock_t *lock; unsigned long flag; int i; for (i = 0; i < AVC_CACHE_SLOTS; i++) { head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[i]; lock = &avc->avc_cache.slots_lock[i]; spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flag); /* * With preemptable RCU, the outer spinlock does not * prevent RCU grace periods from ending. */ rcu_read_lock(); hlist_for_each_entry(node, head, list) avc_node_delete(avc, node); rcu_read_unlock(); spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flag); } } /** * avc_ss_reset - Flush the cache and revalidate migrated permissions. * @seqno: policy sequence number */ int avc_ss_reset(struct selinux_avc *avc, u32 seqno) { struct avc_callback_node *c; int rc = 0, tmprc; avc_flush(avc); for (c = avc_callbacks; c; c = c->next) { if (c->events & AVC_CALLBACK_RESET) { tmprc = c->callback(AVC_CALLBACK_RESET); /* save the first error encountered for the return value and continue processing the callbacks */ if (!rc) rc = tmprc; } } avc_latest_notif_update(avc, seqno, 0); return rc; } /* * Slow-path helper function for avc_has_perm_noaudit, * when the avc_node lookup fails. We get called with * the RCU read lock held, and need to return with it * still held, but drop if for the security compute. * * Don't inline this, since it's the slow-path and just * results in a bigger stack frame. */ static noinline struct avc_node *avc_compute_av(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, struct av_decision *avd, struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node) { rcu_read_unlock(); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&xp_node->xpd_head); security_compute_av(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd, &xp_node->xp); rcu_read_lock(); return avc_insert(state->avc, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd, xp_node); } static noinline int avc_denied(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, u8 driver, u8 xperm, unsigned int flags, struct av_decision *avd) { if (flags & AVC_STRICT) return -EACCES; if (enforcing_enabled(state) && !(avd->flags & AVD_FLAGS_PERMISSIVE)) return -EACCES; avc_update_node(state->avc, AVC_CALLBACK_GRANT, requested, driver, xperm, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd->seqno, NULL, flags); return 0; } /* * The avc extended permissions logic adds an additional 256 bits of * permissions to an avc node when extended permissions for that node are * specified in the avtab. If the additional 256 permissions is not adequate, * as-is the case with ioctls, then multiple may be chained together and the * driver field is used to specify which set contains the permission. */ int avc_has_extended_perms(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, u8 driver, u8 xperm, struct common_audit_data *ad) { struct avc_node *node; struct av_decision avd; u32 denied; struct extended_perms_decision local_xpd; struct extended_perms_decision *xpd = NULL; struct extended_perms_data allowed; struct extended_perms_data auditallow; struct extended_perms_data dontaudit; struct avc_xperms_node local_xp_node; struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node; int rc = 0, rc2; xp_node = &local_xp_node; if (WARN_ON(!requested)) return -EACCES; rcu_read_lock(); node = avc_lookup(state->avc, ssid, tsid, tclass); if (unlikely(!node)) { node = avc_compute_av(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, &avd, xp_node); } else { memcpy(&avd, &node->ae.avd, sizeof(avd)); xp_node = node->ae.xp_node; } /* if extended permissions are not defined, only consider av_decision */ if (!xp_node || !xp_node->xp.len) goto decision; local_xpd.allowed = &allowed; local_xpd.auditallow = &auditallow; local_xpd.dontaudit = &dontaudit; xpd = avc_xperms_decision_lookup(driver, xp_node); if (unlikely(!xpd)) { /* * Compute the extended_perms_decision only if the driver * is flagged */ if (!security_xperm_test(xp_node->xp.drivers.p, driver)) { avd.allowed &= ~requested; goto decision; } rcu_read_unlock(); security_compute_xperms_decision(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, driver, &local_xpd); rcu_read_lock(); avc_update_node(state->avc, AVC_CALLBACK_ADD_XPERMS, requested, driver, xperm, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd.seqno, &local_xpd, 0); } else { avc_quick_copy_xperms_decision(xperm, &local_xpd, xpd); } xpd = &local_xpd; if (!avc_xperms_has_perm(xpd, xperm, XPERMS_ALLOWED)) avd.allowed &= ~requested; decision: denied = requested & ~(avd.allowed); if (unlikely(denied)) rc = avc_denied(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, driver, xperm, AVC_EXTENDED_PERMS, &avd); rcu_read_unlock(); rc2 = avc_xperms_audit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, &avd, xpd, xperm, rc, ad); if (rc2) return rc2; return rc; } /** * avc_has_perm_noaudit - Check permissions but perform no auditing. * @ssid: source security identifier * @tsid: target security identifier * @tclass: target security class * @requested: requested permissions, interpreted based on @tclass * @flags: AVC_STRICT, AVC_NONBLOCKING, or 0 * @avd: access vector decisions * * Check the AVC to determine whether the @requested permissions are granted * for the SID pair (@ssid, @tsid), interpreting the permissions * based on @tclass, and call the security server on a cache miss to obtain * a new decision and add it to the cache. Return a copy of the decisions * in @avd. Return %0 if all @requested permissions are granted, * -%EACCES if any permissions are denied, or another -errno upon * other errors. This function is typically called by avc_has_perm(), * but may also be called directly to separate permission checking from * auditing, e.g. in cases where a lock must be held for the check but * should be released for the auditing. */ inline int avc_has_perm_noaudit(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, unsigned int flags, struct av_decision *avd) { struct avc_node *node; struct avc_xperms_node xp_node; int rc = 0; u32 denied; if (WARN_ON(!requested)) return -EACCES; rcu_read_lock(); node = avc_lookup(state->avc, ssid, tsid, tclass); if (unlikely(!node)) node = avc_compute_av(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd, &xp_node); else memcpy(avd, &node->ae.avd, sizeof(*avd)); denied = requested & ~(avd->allowed); if (unlikely(denied)) rc = avc_denied(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, 0, 0, flags, avd); rcu_read_unlock(); return rc; } /** * avc_has_perm - Check permissions and perform any appropriate auditing. * @ssid: source security identifier * @tsid: target security identifier * @tclass: target security class * @requested: requested permissions, interpreted based on @tclass * @auditdata: auxiliary audit data * * Check the AVC to determine whether the @requested permissions are granted * for the SID pair (@ssid, @tsid), interpreting the permissions * based on @tclass, and call the security server on a cache miss to obtain * a new decision and add it to the cache. Audit the granting or denial of * permissions in accordance with the policy. Return %0 if all @requested * permissions are granted, -%EACCES if any permissions are denied, or * another -errno upon other errors. */ int avc_has_perm(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, struct common_audit_data *auditdata) { struct av_decision avd; int rc, rc2; rc = avc_has_perm_noaudit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, 0, &avd); rc2 = avc_audit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, &avd, rc, auditdata, 0); if (rc2) return rc2; return rc; } int avc_has_perm_flags(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, struct common_audit_data *auditdata, int flags) { struct av_decision avd; int rc, rc2; rc = avc_has_perm_noaudit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, (flags & MAY_NOT_BLOCK) ? AVC_NONBLOCKING : 0, &avd); rc2 = avc_audit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, &avd, rc, auditdata, flags); if (rc2) return rc2; return rc; } u32 avc_policy_seqno(struct selinux_state *state) { return state->avc->avc_cache.latest_notif; } void avc_disable(void) { /* * If you are looking at this because you have realized that we are * not destroying the avc_node_cachep it might be easy to fix, but * I don't know the memory barrier semantics well enough to know. It's * possible that some other task dereferenced security_ops when * it still pointed to selinux operations. If that is the case it's * possible that it is about to use the avc and is about to need the * avc_node_cachep. I know I could wrap the security.c security_ops call * in an rcu_lock, but seriously, it's not worth it. Instead I just flush * the cache and get that memory back. */ if (avc_node_cachep) { avc_flush(selinux_state.avc); /* kmem_cache_destroy(avc_node_cachep); */ } }
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1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 1242 1243 1244 1245 1246 1247 1248 1249 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 1260 1261 1262 1263 1264 1265 1266 1267 1268 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Linux INET6 implementation * * Authors: * Pedro Roque <roque@di.fc.ul.pt> */ #ifndef _NET_IPV6_H #define _NET_IPV6_H #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <linux/hardirq.h> #include <linux/jhash.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/jump_label_ratelimit.h> #include <net/if_inet6.h> #include <net/ndisc.h> #include <net/flow.h> #include <net/flow_dissector.h> #include <net/snmp.h> #include <net/netns/hash.h> #define SIN6_LEN_RFC2133 24 #define IPV6_MAXPLEN 65535 /* * NextHeader field of IPv6 header */ #define NEXTHDR_HOP 0 /* Hop-by-hop option header. */ #define NEXTHDR_TCP 6 /* TCP segment. */ #define NEXTHDR_UDP 17 /* UDP message. */ #define NEXTHDR_IPV6 41 /* IPv6 in IPv6 */ #define NEXTHDR_ROUTING 43 /* Routing header. */ #define NEXTHDR_FRAGMENT 44 /* Fragmentation/reassembly header. */ #define NEXTHDR_GRE 47 /* GRE header. */ #define NEXTHDR_ESP 50 /* Encapsulating security payload. */ #define NEXTHDR_AUTH 51 /* Authentication header. */ #define NEXTHDR_ICMP 58 /* ICMP for IPv6. */ #define NEXTHDR_NONE 59 /* No next header */ #define NEXTHDR_DEST 60 /* Destination options header. */ #define NEXTHDR_SCTP 132 /* SCTP message. */ #define NEXTHDR_MOBILITY 135 /* Mobility header. */ #define NEXTHDR_MAX 255 #define IPV6_DEFAULT_HOPLIMIT 64 #define IPV6_DEFAULT_MCASTHOPS 1 /* Limits on Hop-by-Hop and Destination options. * * Per RFC8200 there is no limit on the maximum number or lengths of options in * Hop-by-Hop or Destination options other then the packet must fit in an MTU. * We allow configurable limits in order to mitigate potential denial of * service attacks. * * There are three limits that may be set: * - Limit the number of options in a Hop-by-Hop or Destination options * extension header * - Limit the byte length of a Hop-by-Hop or Destination options extension * header * - Disallow unknown options * * The limits are expressed in corresponding sysctls: * * ipv6.sysctl.max_dst_opts_cnt * ipv6.sysctl.max_hbh_opts_cnt * ipv6.sysctl.max_dst_opts_len * ipv6.sysctl.max_hbh_opts_len * * max_*_opts_cnt is the number of TLVs that are allowed for Destination * options or Hop-by-Hop options. If the number is less than zero then unknown * TLVs are disallowed and the number of known options that are allowed is the * absolute value. Setting the value to INT_MAX indicates no limit. * * max_*_opts_len is the length limit in bytes of a Destination or * Hop-by-Hop options extension header. Setting the value to INT_MAX * indicates no length limit. * * If a limit is exceeded when processing an extension header the packet is * silently discarded. */ /* Default limits for Hop-by-Hop and Destination options */ #define IP6_DEFAULT_MAX_DST_OPTS_CNT 8 #define IP6_DEFAULT_MAX_HBH_OPTS_CNT 8 #define IP6_DEFAULT_MAX_DST_OPTS_LEN INT_MAX /* No limit */ #define IP6_DEFAULT_MAX_HBH_OPTS_LEN INT_MAX /* No limit */ /* * Addr type * * type - unicast | multicast * scope - local | site | global * v4 - compat * v4mapped * any * loopback */ #define IPV6_ADDR_ANY 0x0000U #define IPV6_ADDR_UNICAST 0x0001U #define IPV6_ADDR_MULTICAST 0x0002U #define IPV6_ADDR_LOOPBACK 0x0010U #define IPV6_ADDR_LINKLOCAL 0x0020U #define IPV6_ADDR_SITELOCAL 0x0040U #define IPV6_ADDR_COMPATv4 0x0080U #define IPV6_ADDR_SCOPE_MASK 0x00f0U #define IPV6_ADDR_MAPPED 0x1000U /* * Addr scopes */ #define IPV6_ADDR_MC_SCOPE(a) \ ((a)->s6_addr[1] & 0x0f) /* nonstandard */ #define __IPV6_ADDR_SCOPE_INVALID -1 #define IPV6_ADDR_SCOPE_NODELOCAL 0x01 #define IPV6_ADDR_SCOPE_LINKLOCAL 0x02 #define IPV6_ADDR_SCOPE_SITELOCAL 0x05 #define IPV6_ADDR_SCOPE_ORGLOCAL 0x08 #define IPV6_ADDR_SCOPE_GLOBAL 0x0e /* * Addr flags */ #define IPV6_ADDR_MC_FLAG_TRANSIENT(a) \ ((a)->s6_addr[1] & 0x10) #define IPV6_ADDR_MC_FLAG_PREFIX(a) \ ((a)->s6_addr[1] & 0x20) #define IPV6_ADDR_MC_FLAG_RENDEZVOUS(a) \ ((a)->s6_addr[1] & 0x40) /* * fragmentation header */ struct frag_hdr { __u8 nexthdr; __u8 reserved; __be16 frag_off; __be32 identification; }; #define IP6_MF 0x0001 #define IP6_OFFSET 0xFFF8 struct ip6_fraglist_iter { struct ipv6hdr *tmp_hdr; struct sk_buff *frag; int offset; unsigned int hlen; __be32 frag_id; u8 nexthdr; }; int ip6_fraglist_init(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int hlen, u8 *prevhdr, u8 nexthdr, __be32 frag_id, struct ip6_fraglist_iter *iter); void ip6_fraglist_prepare(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ip6_fraglist_iter *iter); static inline struct sk_buff *ip6_fraglist_next(struct ip6_fraglist_iter *iter) { struct sk_buff *skb = iter->frag; iter->frag = skb->next; skb_mark_not_on_list(skb); return skb; } struct ip6_frag_state { u8 *prevhdr; unsigned int hlen; unsigned int mtu; unsigned int left; int offset; int ptr; int hroom; int troom; __be32 frag_id; u8 nexthdr; }; void ip6_frag_init(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int hlen, unsigned int mtu, unsigned short needed_tailroom, int hdr_room, u8 *prevhdr, u8 nexthdr, __be32 frag_id, struct ip6_frag_state *state); struct sk_buff *ip6_frag_next(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ip6_frag_state *state); #define IP6_REPLY_MARK(net, mark) \ ((net)->ipv6.sysctl.fwmark_reflect ? (mark) : 0) #include <net/sock.h> /* sysctls */ extern int sysctl_mld_max_msf; extern int sysctl_mld_qrv; #define _DEVINC(net, statname, mod, idev, field) \ ({ \ struct inet6_dev *_idev = (idev); \ if (likely(_idev != NULL)) \ mod##SNMP_INC_STATS64((_idev)->stats.statname, (field));\ mod##SNMP_INC_STATS64((net)->mib.statname##_statistics, (field));\ }) /* per device counters are atomic_long_t */ #define _DEVINCATOMIC(net, statname, mod, idev, field) \ ({ \ struct inet6_dev *_idev = (idev); \ if (likely(_idev != NULL)) \ SNMP_INC_STATS_ATOMIC_LONG((_idev)->stats.statname##dev, (field)); \ mod##SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.statname##_statistics, (field));\ }) /* per device and per net counters are atomic_long_t */ #define _DEVINC_ATOMIC_ATOMIC(net, statname, idev, field) \ ({ \ struct inet6_dev *_idev = (idev); \ if (likely(_idev != NULL)) \ SNMP_INC_STATS_ATOMIC_LONG((_idev)->stats.statname##dev, (field)); \ SNMP_INC_STATS_ATOMIC_LONG((net)->mib.statname##_statistics, (field));\ }) #define _DEVADD(net, statname, mod, idev, field, val) \ ({ \ struct inet6_dev *_idev = (idev); \ if (likely(_idev != NULL)) \ mod##SNMP_ADD_STATS((_idev)->stats.statname, (field), (val)); \ mod##SNMP_ADD_STATS((net)->mib.statname##_statistics, (field), (val));\ }) #define _DEVUPD(net, statname, mod, idev, field, val) \ ({ \ struct inet6_dev *_idev = (idev); \ if (likely(_idev != NULL)) \ mod##SNMP_UPD_PO_STATS((_idev)->stats.statname, field, (val)); \ mod##SNMP_UPD_PO_STATS((net)->mib.statname##_statistics, field, (val));\ }) /* MIBs */ #define IP6_INC_STATS(net, idev,field) \ _DEVINC(net, ipv6, , idev, field) #define __IP6_INC_STATS(net, idev,field) \ _DEVINC(net, ipv6, __, idev, field) #define IP6_ADD_STATS(net, idev,field,val) \ _DEVADD(net, ipv6, , idev, field, val) #define __IP6_ADD_STATS(net, idev,field,val) \ _DEVADD(net, ipv6, __, idev, field, val) #define IP6_UPD_PO_STATS(net, idev,field,val) \ _DEVUPD(net, ipv6, , idev, field, val) #define __IP6_UPD_PO_STATS(net, idev,field,val) \ _DEVUPD(net, ipv6, __, idev, field, val) #define ICMP6_INC_STATS(net, idev, field) \ _DEVINCATOMIC(net, icmpv6, , idev, field) #define __ICMP6_INC_STATS(net, idev, field) \ _DEVINCATOMIC(net, icmpv6, __, idev, field) #define ICMP6MSGOUT_INC_STATS(net, idev, field) \ _DEVINC_ATOMIC_ATOMIC(net, icmpv6msg, idev, field +256) #define ICMP6MSGIN_INC_STATS(net, idev, field) \ _DEVINC_ATOMIC_ATOMIC(net, icmpv6msg, idev, field) struct ip6_ra_chain { struct ip6_ra_chain *next; struct sock *sk; int sel; void (*destructor)(struct sock *); }; extern struct ip6_ra_chain *ip6_ra_chain; extern rwlock_t ip6_ra_lock; /* This structure is prepared by protocol, when parsing ancillary data and passed to IPv6. */ struct ipv6_txoptions { refcount_t refcnt; /* Length of this structure */ int tot_len; /* length of extension headers */ __u16 opt_flen; /* after fragment hdr */ __u16 opt_nflen; /* before fragment hdr */ struct ipv6_opt_hdr *hopopt; struct ipv6_opt_hdr *dst0opt; struct ipv6_rt_hdr *srcrt; /* Routing Header */ struct ipv6_opt_hdr *dst1opt; struct rcu_head rcu; /* Option buffer, as read by IPV6_PKTOPTIONS, starts here. */ }; /* flowlabel_reflect sysctl values */ enum flowlabel_reflect { FLOWLABEL_REFLECT_ESTABLISHED = 1, FLOWLABEL_REFLECT_TCP_RESET = 2, FLOWLABEL_REFLECT_ICMPV6_ECHO_REPLIES = 4, }; struct ip6_flowlabel { struct ip6_flowlabel __rcu *next; __be32 label; atomic_t users; struct in6_addr dst; struct ipv6_txoptions *opt; unsigned long linger; struct rcu_head rcu; u8 share; union { struct pid *pid; kuid_t uid; } owner; unsigned long lastuse; unsigned long expires; struct net *fl_net; }; #define IPV6_FLOWINFO_MASK cpu_to_be32(0x0FFFFFFF) #define IPV6_FLOWLABEL_MASK cpu_to_be32(0x000FFFFF) #define IPV6_FLOWLABEL_STATELESS_FLAG cpu_to_be32(0x00080000) #define IPV6_TCLASS_MASK (IPV6_FLOWINFO_MASK & ~IPV6_FLOWLABEL_MASK) #define IPV6_TCLASS_SHIFT 20 struct ipv6_fl_socklist { struct ipv6_fl_socklist __rcu *next; struct ip6_flowlabel *fl; struct rcu_head rcu; }; struct ipcm6_cookie { struct sockcm_cookie sockc; __s16 hlimit; __s16 tclass; __s8 dontfrag; struct ipv6_txoptions *opt; __u16 gso_size; }; static inline void ipcm6_init(struct ipcm6_cookie *ipc6) { *ipc6 = (struct ipcm6_cookie) { .hlimit = -1, .tclass = -1, .dontfrag = -1, }; } static inline void ipcm6_init_sk(struct ipcm6_cookie *ipc6, const struct ipv6_pinfo *np) { *ipc6 = (struct ipcm6_cookie) { .hlimit = -1, .tclass = np->tclass, .dontfrag = np->dontfrag, }; } static inline struct ipv6_txoptions *txopt_get(const struct ipv6_pinfo *np) { struct ipv6_txoptions *opt; rcu_read_lock(); opt = rcu_dereference(np->opt); if (opt) { if (!refcount_inc_not_zero(&opt->refcnt)) opt = NULL; else opt = rcu_pointer_handoff(opt); } rcu_read_unlock(); return opt; } static inline void txopt_put(struct ipv6_txoptions *opt) { if (opt && refcount_dec_and_test(&opt->refcnt)) kfree_rcu(opt, rcu); } struct ip6_flowlabel *__fl6_sock_lookup(struct sock *sk, __be32 label); extern struct static_key_false_deferred ipv6_flowlabel_exclusive; static inline struct ip6_flowlabel *fl6_sock_lookup(struct sock *sk, __be32 label) { if (static_branch_unlikely(&ipv6_flowlabel_exclusive.key)) return __fl6_sock_lookup(sk, label) ? : ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); return NULL; } struct ipv6_txoptions *fl6_merge_options(struct ipv6_txoptions *opt_space, struct ip6_flowlabel *fl, struct ipv6_txoptions *fopt); void fl6_free_socklist(struct sock *sk); int ipv6_flowlabel_opt(struct sock *sk, sockptr_t optval, int optlen); int ipv6_flowlabel_opt_get(struct sock *sk, struct in6_flowlabel_req *freq, int flags); int ip6_flowlabel_init(void); void ip6_flowlabel_cleanup(void); bool ip6_autoflowlabel(struct net *net, const struct ipv6_pinfo *np); static inline void fl6_sock_release(struct ip6_flowlabel *fl) { if (fl) atomic_dec(&fl->users); } void icmpv6_notify(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 type, u8 code, __be32 info); void icmpv6_push_pending_frames(struct sock *sk, struct flowi6 *fl6, struct icmp6hdr *thdr, int len); int ip6_ra_control(struct sock *sk, int sel); int ipv6_parse_hopopts(struct sk_buff *skb); struct ipv6_txoptions *ipv6_dup_options(struct sock *sk, struct ipv6_txoptions *opt); struct ipv6_txoptions *ipv6_renew_options(struct sock *sk, struct ipv6_txoptions *opt, int newtype, struct ipv6_opt_hdr *newopt); struct ipv6_txoptions *ipv6_fixup_options(struct ipv6_txoptions *opt_space, struct ipv6_txoptions *opt); bool ipv6_opt_accepted(const struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb, const struct inet6_skb_parm *opt); struct ipv6_txoptions *ipv6_update_options(struct sock *sk, struct ipv6_txoptions *opt); static inline bool ipv6_accept_ra(struct inet6_dev *idev) { /* If forwarding is enabled, RA are not accepted unless the special * hybrid mode (accept_ra=2) is enabled. */ return idev->cnf.forwarding ? idev->cnf.accept_ra == 2 : idev->cnf.accept_ra; } #define IPV6_FRAG_HIGH_THRESH (4 * 1024*1024) /* 4194304 */ #define IPV6_FRAG_LOW_THRESH (3 * 1024*1024) /* 3145728 */ #define IPV6_FRAG_TIMEOUT (60 * HZ) /* 60 seconds */ int __ipv6_addr_type(const struct in6_addr *addr); static inline int ipv6_addr_type(const struct in6_addr *addr) { return __ipv6_addr_type(addr) & 0xffff; } static inline int ipv6_addr_scope(const struct in6_addr *addr) { return __ipv6_addr_type(addr) & IPV6_ADDR_SCOPE_MASK; } static inline int __ipv6_addr_src_scope(int type) { return (type == IPV6_ADDR_ANY) ? __IPV6_ADDR_SCOPE_INVALID : (type >> 16); } static inline int ipv6_addr_src_scope(const struct in6_addr *addr) { return __ipv6_addr_src_scope(__ipv6_addr_type(addr)); } static inline bool __ipv6_addr_needs_scope_id(int type) { return type & IPV6_ADDR_LINKLOCAL || (type & IPV6_ADDR_MULTICAST && (type & (IPV6_ADDR_LOOPBACK|IPV6_ADDR_LINKLOCAL))); } static inline __u32 ipv6_iface_scope_id(const struct in6_addr *addr, int iface) { return __ipv6_addr_needs_scope_id(__ipv6_addr_type(addr)) ? iface : 0; } static inline int ipv6_addr_cmp(const struct in6_addr *a1, const struct in6_addr *a2) { return memcmp(a1, a2, sizeof(struct in6_addr)); } static inline bool ipv6_masked_addr_cmp(const struct in6_addr *a1, const struct in6_addr *m, const struct in6_addr *a2) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 const unsigned long *ul1 = (const unsigned long *)a1; const unsigned long *ulm = (const unsigned long *)m; const unsigned long *ul2 = (const unsigned long *)a2; return !!(((ul1[0] ^ ul2[0]) & ulm[0]) | ((ul1[1] ^ ul2[1]) & ulm[1])); #else return !!(((a1->s6_addr32[0] ^ a2->s6_addr32[0]) & m->s6_addr32[0]) | ((a1->s6_addr32[1] ^ a2->s6_addr32[1]) & m->s6_addr32[1]) | ((a1->s6_addr32[2] ^ a2->s6_addr32[2]) & m->s6_addr32[2]) | ((a1->s6_addr32[3] ^ a2->s6_addr32[3]) & m->s6_addr32[3])); #endif } static inline void ipv6_addr_prefix(struct in6_addr *pfx, const struct in6_addr *addr, int plen) { /* caller must guarantee 0 <= plen <= 128 */ int o = plen >> 3, b = plen & 0x7; memset(pfx->s6_addr, 0, sizeof(pfx->s6_addr)); memcpy(pfx->s6_addr, addr, o); if (b != 0) pfx->s6_addr[o] = addr->s6_addr[o] & (0xff00 >> b); } static inline void ipv6_addr_prefix_copy(struct in6_addr *addr, const struct in6_addr *pfx, int plen) { /* caller must guarantee 0 <= plen <= 128 */ int o = plen >> 3, b = plen & 0x7; memcpy(addr->s6_addr, pfx, o); if (b != 0) { addr->s6_addr[o] &= ~(0xff00 >> b); addr->s6_addr[o] |= (pfx->s6_addr[o] & (0xff00 >> b)); } } static inline void __ipv6_addr_set_half(__be32 *addr, __be32 wh, __be32 wl) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 #if defined(__BIG_ENDIAN) if (__builtin_constant_p(wh) && __builtin_constant_p(wl)) { *(__force u64 *)addr = ((__force u64)(wh) << 32 | (__force u64)(wl)); return; } #elif defined(__LITTLE_ENDIAN) if (__builtin_constant_p(wl) && __builtin_constant_p(wh)) { *(__force u64 *)addr = ((__force u64)(wl) << 32 | (__force u64)(wh)); return; } #endif #endif addr[0] = wh; addr[1] = wl; } static inline void ipv6_addr_set(struct in6_addr *addr, __be32 w1, __be32 w2, __be32 w3, __be32 w4) { __ipv6_addr_set_half(&addr->s6_addr32[0], w1, w2); __ipv6_addr_set_half(&addr->s6_addr32[2], w3, w4); } static inline bool ipv6_addr_equal(const struct in6_addr *a1, const struct in6_addr *a2) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 const unsigned long *ul1 = (const unsigned long *)a1; const unsigned long *ul2 = (const unsigned long *)a2; return ((ul1[0] ^ ul2[0]) | (ul1[1] ^ ul2[1])) == 0UL; #else return ((a1->s6_addr32[0] ^ a2->s6_addr32[0]) | (a1->s6_addr32[1] ^ a2->s6_addr32[1]) | (a1->s6_addr32[2] ^ a2->s6_addr32[2]) | (a1->s6_addr32[3] ^ a2->s6_addr32[3])) == 0; #endif } #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 static inline bool __ipv6_prefix_equal64_half(const __be64 *a1, const __be64 *a2, unsigned int len) { if (len && ((*a1 ^ *a2) & cpu_to_be64((~0UL) << (64 - len)))) return false; return true; } static inline bool ipv6_prefix_equal(const struct in6_addr *addr1, const struct in6_addr *addr2, unsigned int prefixlen) { const __be64 *a1 = (const __be64 *)addr1; const __be64 *a2 = (const __be64 *)addr2; if (prefixlen >= 64) { if (a1[0] ^ a2[0]) return false; return __ipv6_prefix_equal64_half(a1 + 1, a2 + 1, prefixlen - 64); } return __ipv6_prefix_equal64_half(a1, a2, prefixlen); } #else static inline bool ipv6_prefix_equal(const struct in6_addr *addr1, const struct in6_addr *addr2, unsigned int prefixlen) { const __be32 *a1 = addr1->s6_addr32; const __be32 *a2 = addr2->s6_addr32; unsigned int pdw, pbi; /* check complete u32 in prefix */ pdw = prefixlen >> 5; if (pdw && memcmp(a1, a2, pdw << 2)) return false; /* check incomplete u32 in prefix */ pbi = prefixlen & 0x1f; if (pbi && ((a1[pdw] ^ a2[pdw]) & htonl((0xffffffff) << (32 - pbi)))) return false; return true; } #endif static inline bool ipv6_addr_any(const struct in6_addr *a) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 const unsigned long *ul = (const unsigned long *)a; return (ul[0] | ul[1]) == 0UL; #else return (a->s6_addr32[0] | a->s6_addr32[1] | a->s6_addr32[2] | a->s6_addr32[3]) == 0; #endif } static inline u32 ipv6_addr_hash(const struct in6_addr *a) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 const unsigned long *ul = (const unsigned long *)a; unsigned long x = ul[0] ^ ul[1]; return (u32)(x ^ (x >> 32)); #else return (__force u32)(a->s6_addr32[0] ^ a->s6_addr32[1] ^ a->s6_addr32[2] ^ a->s6_addr32[3]); #endif } /* more secured version of ipv6_addr_hash() */ static inline u32 __ipv6_addr_jhash(const struct in6_addr *a, const u32 initval) { u32 v = (__force u32)a->s6_addr32[0] ^ (__force u32)a->s6_addr32[1]; return jhash_3words(v, (__force u32)a->s6_addr32[2], (__force u32)a->s6_addr32[3], initval); } static inline bool ipv6_addr_loopback(const struct in6_addr *a) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 const __be64 *be = (const __be64 *)a; return (be[0] | (be[1] ^ cpu_to_be64(1))) == 0UL; #else return (a->s6_addr32[0] | a->s6_addr32[1] | a->s6_addr32[2] | (a->s6_addr32[3] ^ cpu_to_be32(1))) == 0; #endif } /* * Note that we must __force cast these to unsigned long to make sparse happy, * since all of the endian-annotated types are fixed size regardless of arch. */ static inline bool ipv6_addr_v4mapped(const struct in6_addr *a) { return ( #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 *(unsigned long *)a | #else (__force unsigned long)(a->s6_addr32[0] | a->s6_addr32[1]) | #endif (__force unsigned long)(a->s6_addr32[2] ^ cpu_to_be32(0x0000ffff))) == 0UL; } static inline bool ipv6_addr_v4mapped_loopback(const struct in6_addr *a) { return ipv6_addr_v4mapped(a) && ipv4_is_loopback(a->s6_addr32[3]); } static inline u32 ipv6_portaddr_hash(const struct net *net, const struct in6_addr *addr6, unsigned int port) { unsigned int hash, mix = net_hash_mix(net); if (ipv6_addr_any(addr6)) hash = jhash_1word(0, mix); else if (ipv6_addr_v4mapped(addr6)) hash = jhash_1word((__force u32)addr6->s6_addr32[3], mix); else hash = jhash2((__force u32 *)addr6->s6_addr32, 4, mix); return hash ^ port; } /* * Check for a RFC 4843 ORCHID address * (Overlay Routable Cryptographic Hash Identifiers) */ static inline bool ipv6_addr_orchid(const struct in6_addr *a) { return (a->s6_addr32[0] & htonl(0xfffffff0)) == htonl(0x20010010); } static inline bool ipv6_addr_is_multicast(const struct in6_addr *addr) { return (addr->s6_addr32[0] & htonl(0xFF000000)) == htonl(0xFF000000); } static inline void ipv6_addr_set_v4mapped(const __be32 addr, struct in6_addr *v4mapped) { ipv6_addr_set(v4mapped, 0, 0, htonl(0x0000FFFF), addr); } /* * find the first different bit between two addresses * length of address must be a multiple of 32bits */ static inline int __ipv6_addr_diff32(const void *token1, const void *token2, int addrlen) { const __be32 *a1 = token1, *a2 = token2; int i; addrlen >>= 2; for (i = 0; i < addrlen; i++) { __be32 xb = a1[i] ^ a2[i]; if (xb) return i * 32 + 31 - __fls(ntohl(xb)); } /* * we should *never* get to this point since that * would mean the addrs are equal * * However, we do get to it 8) And exacly, when * addresses are equal 8) * * ip route add 1111::/128 via ... * ip route add 1111::/64 via ... * and we are here. * * Ideally, this function should stop comparison * at prefix length. It does not, but it is still OK, * if returned value is greater than prefix length. * --ANK (980803) */ return addrlen << 5; } #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 static inline int __ipv6_addr_diff64(const void *token1, const void *token2, int addrlen) { const __be64 *a1 = token1, *a2 = token2; int i; addrlen >>= 3; for (i = 0; i < addrlen; i++) { __be64 xb = a1[i] ^ a2[i]; if (xb) return i * 64 + 63 - __fls(be64_to_cpu(xb)); } return addrlen << 6; } #endif static inline int __ipv6_addr_diff(const void *token1, const void *token2, int addrlen) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 if (__builtin_constant_p(addrlen) && !(addrlen & 7)) return __ipv6_addr_diff64(token1, token2, addrlen); #endif return __ipv6_addr_diff32(token1, token2, addrlen); } static inline int ipv6_addr_diff(const struct in6_addr *a1, const struct in6_addr *a2) { return __ipv6_addr_diff(a1, a2, sizeof(struct in6_addr)); } __be32 ipv6_select_ident(struct net *net, const struct in6_addr *daddr, const struct in6_addr *saddr); __be32 ipv6_proxy_select_ident(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb); int ip6_dst_hoplimit(struct dst_entry *dst); static inline int ip6_sk_dst_hoplimit(struct ipv6_pinfo *np, struct flowi6 *fl6, struct dst_entry *dst) { int hlimit; if (ipv6_addr_is_multicast(&fl6->daddr)) hlimit = np->mcast_hops; else hlimit = np->hop_limit; if (hlimit < 0) hlimit = ip6_dst_hoplimit(dst); return hlimit; } /* copy IPv6 saddr & daddr to flow_keys, possibly using 64bit load/store * Equivalent to : flow->v6addrs.src = iph->saddr; * flow->v6addrs.dst = iph->daddr; */ static inline void iph_to_flow_copy_v6addrs(struct flow_keys *flow, const struct ipv6hdr *iph) { BUILD_BUG_ON(offsetof(typeof(flow->addrs), v6addrs.dst) != offsetof(typeof(flow->addrs), v6addrs.src) + sizeof(flow->addrs.v6addrs.src)); memcpy(&flow->addrs.v6addrs, &iph->saddr, sizeof(flow->addrs.v6addrs)); flow->control.addr_type = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV6_ADDRS; } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) static inline bool ipv6_can_nonlocal_bind(struct net *net, struct inet_sock *inet) { return net->ipv6.sysctl.ip_nonlocal_bind || inet->freebind || inet->transparent; } /* Sysctl settings for net ipv6.auto_flowlabels */ #define IP6_AUTO_FLOW_LABEL_OFF 0 #define IP6_AUTO_FLOW_LABEL_OPTOUT 1 #define IP6_AUTO_FLOW_LABEL_OPTIN 2 #define IP6_AUTO_FLOW_LABEL_FORCED 3 #define IP6_AUTO_FLOW_LABEL_MAX IP6_AUTO_FLOW_LABEL_FORCED #define IP6_DEFAULT_AUTO_FLOW_LABELS IP6_AUTO_FLOW_LABEL_OPTOUT static inline __be32 ip6_make_flowlabel(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 flowlabel, bool autolabel, struct flowi6 *fl6) { u32 hash; /* @flowlabel may include more than a flow label, eg, the traffic class. * Here we want only the flow label value. */ flowlabel &= IPV6_FLOWLABEL_MASK; if (flowlabel || net->ipv6.sysctl.auto_flowlabels == IP6_AUTO_FLOW_LABEL_OFF || (!autolabel && net->ipv6.sysctl.auto_flowlabels != IP6_AUTO_FLOW_LABEL_FORCED)) return flowlabel; hash = skb_get_hash_flowi6(skb, fl6); /* Since this is being sent on the wire obfuscate hash a bit * to minimize possbility that any useful information to an * attacker is leaked. Only lower 20 bits are relevant. */ hash = rol32(hash, 16); flowlabel = (__force __be32)hash & IPV6_FLOWLABEL_MASK; if (net->ipv6.sysctl.flowlabel_state_ranges) flowlabel |= IPV6_FLOWLABEL_STATELESS_FLAG; return flowlabel; } static inline int ip6_default_np_autolabel(struct net *net) { switch (net->ipv6.sysctl.auto_flowlabels) { case IP6_AUTO_FLOW_LABEL_OFF: case IP6_AUTO_FLOW_LABEL_OPTIN: default: return 0; case IP6_AUTO_FLOW_LABEL_OPTOUT: case IP6_AUTO_FLOW_LABEL_FORCED: return 1; } } #else static inline __be32 ip6_make_flowlabel(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 flowlabel, bool autolabel, struct flowi6 *fl6) { return flowlabel; } static inline int ip6_default_np_autolabel(struct net *net) { return 0; } #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) static inline int ip6_multipath_hash_policy(const struct net *net) { return net->ipv6.sysctl.multipath_hash_policy; } #else static inline int ip6_multipath_hash_policy(const struct net *net) { return 0; } #endif /* * Header manipulation */ static inline void ip6_flow_hdr(struct ipv6hdr *hdr, unsigned int tclass, __be32 flowlabel) { *(__be32 *)hdr = htonl(0x60000000 | (tclass << 20)) | flowlabel; } static inline __be32 ip6_flowinfo(const struct ipv6hdr *hdr) { return *(__be32 *)hdr & IPV6_FLOWINFO_MASK; } static inline __be32 ip6_flowlabel(const struct ipv6hdr *hdr) { return *(__be32 *)hdr & IPV6_FLOWLABEL_MASK; } static inline u8 ip6_tclass(__be32 flowinfo) { return ntohl(flowinfo & IPV6_TCLASS_MASK) >> IPV6_TCLASS_SHIFT; } static inline __be32 ip6_make_flowinfo(unsigned int tclass, __be32 flowlabel) { return htonl(tclass << IPV6_TCLASS_SHIFT) | flowlabel; } static inline __be32 flowi6_get_flowlabel(const struct flowi6 *fl6) { return fl6->flowlabel & IPV6_FLOWLABEL_MASK; } /* * Prototypes exported by ipv6 */ /* * rcv function (called from netdevice level) */ int ipv6_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, struct packet_type *pt, struct net_device *orig_dev); void ipv6_list_rcv(struct list_head *head, struct packet_type *pt, struct net_device *orig_dev); int ip6_rcv_finish(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); /* * upper-layer output functions */ int ip6_xmit(const struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct flowi6 *fl6, __u32 mark, struct ipv6_txoptions *opt, int tclass, u32 priority); int ip6_find_1stfragopt(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 **nexthdr); int ip6_append_data(struct sock *sk, int getfrag(void *from, char *to, int offset, int len, int odd, struct sk_buff *skb), void *from, int length, int transhdrlen, struct ipcm6_cookie *ipc6, struct flowi6 *fl6, struct rt6_info *rt, unsigned int flags); int ip6_push_pending_frames(struct sock *sk); void ip6_flush_pending_frames(struct sock *sk); int ip6_send_skb(struct sk_buff *skb); struct sk_buff *__ip6_make_skb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff_head *queue, struct inet_cork_full *cork, struct inet6_cork *v6_cork); struct sk_buff *ip6_make_skb(struct sock *sk, int getfrag(void *from, char *to, int offset, int len, int odd, struct sk_buff *skb), void *from, int length, int transhdrlen, struct ipcm6_cookie *ipc6, struct flowi6 *fl6, struct rt6_info *rt, unsigned int flags, struct inet_cork_full *cork); static inline struct sk_buff *ip6_finish_skb(struct sock *sk) { return __ip6_make_skb(sk, &sk->sk_write_queue, &inet_sk(sk)->cork, &inet6_sk(sk)->cork); } int ip6_dst_lookup(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct dst_entry **dst, struct flowi6 *fl6); struct dst_entry *ip6_dst_lookup_flow(struct net *net, const struct sock *sk, struct flowi6 *fl6, const struct in6_addr *final_dst); struct dst_entry *ip6_sk_dst_lookup_flow(struct sock *sk, struct flowi6 *fl6, const struct in6_addr *final_dst, bool connected); struct dst_entry *ip6_dst_lookup_tunnel(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, struct net *net, struct socket *sock, struct in6_addr *saddr, const struct ip_tunnel_info *info, u8 protocol, bool use_cache); struct dst_entry *ip6_blackhole_route(struct net *net, struct dst_entry *orig_dst); /* * skb processing functions */ int ip6_output(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int ip6_forward(struct sk_buff *skb); int ip6_input(struct sk_buff *skb); int ip6_mc_input(struct sk_buff *skb); void ip6_protocol_deliver_rcu(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, int nexthdr, bool have_final); int __ip6_local_out(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int ip6_local_out(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); /* * Extension header (options) processing */ void ipv6_push_nfrag_opts(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ipv6_txoptions *opt, u8 *proto, struct in6_addr **daddr_p, struct in6_addr *saddr); void ipv6_push_frag_opts(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ipv6_txoptions *opt, u8 *proto); int ipv6_skip_exthdr(const struct sk_buff *, int start, u8 *nexthdrp, __be16 *frag_offp); bool ipv6_ext_hdr(u8 nexthdr); enum { IP6_FH_F_FRAG = (1 << 0), IP6_FH_F_AUTH = (1 << 1), IP6_FH_F_SKIP_RH = (1 << 2), }; /* find specified header and get offset to it */ int ipv6_find_hdr(const struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int *offset, int target, unsigned short *fragoff, int *fragflg); int ipv6_find_tlv(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, int type); struct in6_addr *fl6_update_dst(struct flowi6 *fl6, const struct ipv6_txoptions *opt, struct in6_addr *orig); /* * socket options (ipv6_sockglue.c) */ int ipv6_setsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname, sockptr_t optval, unsigned int optlen); int ipv6_getsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname, char __user *optval, int __user *optlen); int __ip6_datagram_connect(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *addr, int addr_len); int ip6_datagram_connect(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *addr, int addr_len); int ip6_datagram_connect_v6_only(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *addr, int addr_len); int ip6_datagram_dst_update(struct sock *sk, bool fix_sk_saddr); void ip6_datagram_release_cb(struct sock *sk); int ipv6_recv_error(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, int len, int *addr_len); int ipv6_recv_rxpmtu(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, int len, int *addr_len); void ipv6_icmp_error(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int err, __be16 port, u32 info, u8 *payload); void ipv6_local_error(struct sock *sk, int err, struct flowi6 *fl6, u32 info); void ipv6_local_rxpmtu(struct sock *sk, struct flowi6 *fl6, u32 mtu); int inet6_release(struct socket *sock); int inet6_bind(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len); int inet6_getname(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int peer); int inet6_ioctl(struct socket *sock, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); int inet6_compat_ioctl(struct socket *sock, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); int inet6_hash_connect(struct inet_timewait_death_row *death_row, struct sock *sk); int inet6_sendmsg(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, size_t size); int inet6_recvmsg(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, size_t size, int flags); /* * reassembly.c */ extern const struct proto_ops inet6_stream_ops; extern const struct proto_ops inet6_dgram_ops; extern const struct proto_ops inet6_sockraw_ops; struct group_source_req; struct group_filter; int ip6_mc_source(int add, int omode, struct sock *sk, struct group_source_req *pgsr); int ip6_mc_msfilter(struct sock *sk, struct group_filter *gsf, struct sockaddr_storage *list); int ip6_mc_msfget(struct sock *sk, struct group_filter *gsf, struct sockaddr_storage __user *p); #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS int ac6_proc_init(struct net *net); void ac6_proc_exit(struct net *net); int raw6_proc_init(void); void raw6_proc_exit(void); int tcp6_proc_init(struct net *net); void tcp6_proc_exit(struct net *net); int udp6_proc_init(struct net *net); void udp6_proc_exit(struct net *net); int udplite6_proc_init(void); void udplite6_proc_exit(void); int ipv6_misc_proc_init(void); void ipv6_misc_proc_exit(void); int snmp6_register_dev(struct inet6_dev *idev); int snmp6_unregister_dev(struct inet6_dev *idev); #else static inline int ac6_proc_init(struct net *net) { return 0; } static inline void ac6_proc_exit(struct net *net) { } static inline int snmp6_register_dev(struct inet6_dev *idev) { return 0; } static inline int snmp6_unregister_dev(struct inet6_dev *idev) { return 0; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL struct ctl_table *ipv6_icmp_sysctl_init(struct net *net); struct ctl_table *ipv6_route_sysctl_init(struct net *net); int ipv6_sysctl_register(void); void ipv6_sysctl_unregister(void); #endif int ipv6_sock_mc_join(struct sock *sk, int ifindex, const struct in6_addr *addr); int ipv6_sock_mc_join_ssm(struct sock *sk, int ifindex, const struct in6_addr *addr, unsigned int mode); int ipv6_sock_mc_drop(struct sock *sk, int ifindex, const struct in6_addr *addr); static inline int ip6_sock_set_v6only(struct sock *sk) { if (inet_sk(sk)->inet_num) return -EINVAL; lock_sock(sk); sk->sk_ipv6only = true; release_sock(sk); return 0; } static inline void ip6_sock_set_recverr(struct sock *sk) { lock_sock(sk); inet6_sk(sk)->recverr = true; release_sock(sk); } static inline int __ip6_sock_set_addr_preferences(struct sock *sk, int val) { unsigned int pref = 0; unsigned int prefmask = ~0; /* check PUBLIC/TMP/PUBTMP_DEFAULT conflicts */ switch (val & (IPV6_PREFER_SRC_PUBLIC | IPV6_PREFER_SRC_TMP | IPV6_PREFER_SRC_PUBTMP_DEFAULT)) { case IPV6_PREFER_SRC_PUBLIC: pref |= IPV6_PREFER_SRC_PUBLIC; prefmask &= ~(IPV6_PREFER_SRC_PUBLIC | IPV6_PREFER_SRC_TMP); break; case IPV6_PREFER_SRC_TMP: pref |= IPV6_PREFER_SRC_TMP; prefmask &= ~(IPV6_PREFER_SRC_PUBLIC | IPV6_PREFER_SRC_TMP); break; case IPV6_PREFER_SRC_PUBTMP_DEFAULT: prefmask &= ~(IPV6_PREFER_SRC_PUBLIC | IPV6_PREFER_SRC_TMP); break; case 0: break; default: return -EINVAL; } /* check HOME/COA conflicts */ switch (val & (IPV6_PREFER_SRC_HOME | IPV6_PREFER_SRC_COA)) { case IPV6_PREFER_SRC_HOME: prefmask &= ~IPV6_PREFER_SRC_COA; break; case IPV6_PREFER_SRC_COA: pref |= IPV6_PREFER_SRC_COA; break; case 0: break; default: return -EINVAL; } /* check CGA/NONCGA conflicts */ switch (val & (IPV6_PREFER_SRC_CGA|IPV6_PREFER_SRC_NONCGA)) { case IPV6_PREFER_SRC_CGA: case IPV6_PREFER_SRC_NONCGA: case 0: break; default: return -EINVAL; } inet6_sk(sk)->srcprefs = (inet6_sk(sk)->srcprefs & prefmask) | pref; return 0; } static inline int ip6_sock_set_addr_preferences(struct sock *sk, bool val) { int ret; lock_sock(sk); ret = __ip6_sock_set_addr_preferences(sk, val); release_sock(sk); return ret; } static inline void ip6_sock_set_recvpktinfo(struct sock *sk) { lock_sock(sk); inet6_sk(sk)->rxopt.bits.rxinfo = true; release_sock(sk); } #endif /* _NET_IPV6_H */
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Because list_empty() serves this * purpose. The list_empty() function fetches the RCU-protected pointer * and compares it to the address of the list head, but neither dereferences * this pointer itself nor provides this pointer to the caller. Therefore, * it is not necessary to use rcu_dereference(), so that list_empty() can * be used anywhere you would want to use a list_empty_rcu(). */ /* * INIT_LIST_HEAD_RCU - Initialize a list_head visible to RCU readers * @list: list to be initialized * * You should instead use INIT_LIST_HEAD() for normal initialization and * cleanup tasks, when readers have no access to the list being initialized. * However, if the list being initialized is visible to readers, you * need to keep the compiler from being too mischievous. */ static inline void INIT_LIST_HEAD_RCU(struct list_head *list) { WRITE_ONCE(list->next, list); WRITE_ONCE(list->prev, list); } /* * return the ->next pointer of a list_head in an rcu safe * way, we must not access it directly */ #define list_next_rcu(list) (*((struct list_head __rcu **)(&(list)->next))) /** * list_tail_rcu - returns the prev pointer of the head of the list * @head: the head of the list * * Note: This should only be used with the list header, and even then * only if list_del() and similar primitives are not also used on the * list header. */ #define list_tail_rcu(head) (*((struct list_head __rcu **)(&(head)->prev))) /* * Check during list traversal that we are within an RCU reader */ #define check_arg_count_one(dummy) #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU_LIST #define __list_check_rcu(dummy, cond, extra...) \ ({ \ check_arg_count_one(extra); \ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!(cond) && !rcu_read_lock_any_held(), \ "RCU-list traversed in non-reader section!"); \ }) #define __list_check_srcu(cond) \ ({ \ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!(cond), \ "RCU-list traversed without holding the required lock!");\ }) #else #define __list_check_rcu(dummy, cond, extra...) \ ({ check_arg_count_one(extra); }) #define __list_check_srcu(cond) ({ }) #endif /* * Insert a new entry between two known consecutive entries. * * This is only for internal list manipulation where we know * the prev/next entries already! */ static inline void __list_add_rcu(struct list_head *new, struct list_head *prev, struct list_head *next) { if (!__list_add_valid(new, prev, next)) return; new->next = next; new->prev = prev; rcu_assign_pointer(list_next_rcu(prev), new); next->prev = new; } /** * list_add_rcu - add a new entry to rcu-protected list * @new: new entry to be added * @head: list head to add it after * * Insert a new entry after the specified head. * This is good for implementing stacks. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as list_add_rcu() * or list_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * list_for_each_entry_rcu(). */ static inline void list_add_rcu(struct list_head *new, struct list_head *head) { __list_add_rcu(new, head, head->next); } /** * list_add_tail_rcu - add a new entry to rcu-protected list * @new: new entry to be added * @head: list head to add it before * * Insert a new entry before the specified head. * This is useful for implementing queues. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as list_add_tail_rcu() * or list_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * list_for_each_entry_rcu(). */ static inline void list_add_tail_rcu(struct list_head *new, struct list_head *head) { __list_add_rcu(new, head->prev, head); } /** * list_del_rcu - deletes entry from list without re-initialization * @entry: the element to delete from the list. * * Note: list_empty() on entry does not return true after this, * the entry is in an undefined state. It is useful for RCU based * lockfree traversal. * * In particular, it means that we can not poison the forward * pointers that may still be used for walking the list. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as list_del_rcu() * or list_add_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * list_for_each_entry_rcu(). * * Note that the caller is not permitted to immediately free * the newly deleted entry. Instead, either synchronize_rcu() * or call_rcu() must be used to defer freeing until an RCU * grace period has elapsed. */ static inline void list_del_rcu(struct list_head *entry) { __list_del_entry(entry); entry->prev = LIST_POISON2; } /** * hlist_del_init_rcu - deletes entry from hash list with re-initialization * @n: the element to delete from the hash list. * * Note: list_unhashed() on the node return true after this. It is * useful for RCU based read lockfree traversal if the writer side * must know if the list entry is still hashed or already unhashed. * * In particular, it means that we can not poison the forward pointers * that may still be used for walking the hash list and we can only * zero the pprev pointer so list_unhashed() will return true after * this. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary (such as * holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing with another * list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_add_head_rcu() or * hlist_del_rcu(), running on this same list. However, it is * perfectly legal to run concurrently with the _rcu list-traversal * primitives, such as hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(). */ static inline void hlist_del_init_rcu(struct hlist_node *n) { if (!hlist_unhashed(n)) { __hlist_del(n); WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, NULL); } } /** * list_replace_rcu - replace old entry by new one * @old : the element to be replaced * @new : the new element to insert * * The @old entry will be replaced with the @new entry atomically. * Note: @old should not be empty. */ static inline void list_replace_rcu(struct list_head *old, struct list_head *new) { new->next = old->next; new->prev = old->prev; rcu_assign_pointer(list_next_rcu(new->prev), new); new->next->prev = new; old->prev = LIST_POISON2; } /** * __list_splice_init_rcu - join an RCU-protected list into an existing list. * @list: the RCU-protected list to splice * @prev: points to the last element of the existing list * @next: points to the first element of the existing list * @sync: synchronize_rcu, synchronize_rcu_expedited, ... * * The list pointed to by @prev and @next can be RCU-read traversed * concurrently with this function. * * Note that this function blocks. * * Important note: the caller must take whatever action is necessary to prevent * any other updates to the existing list. In principle, it is possible to * modify the list as soon as sync() begins execution. If this sort of thing * becomes necessary, an alternative version based on call_rcu() could be * created. But only if -really- needed -- there is no shortage of RCU API * members. */ static inline void __list_splice_init_rcu(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *prev, struct list_head *next, void (*sync)(void)) { struct list_head *first = list->next; struct list_head *last = list->prev; /* * "first" and "last" tracking list, so initialize it. RCU readers * have access to this list, so we must use INIT_LIST_HEAD_RCU() * instead of INIT_LIST_HEAD(). */ INIT_LIST_HEAD_RCU(list); /* * At this point, the list body still points to the source list. * Wait for any readers to finish using the list before splicing * the list body into the new list. Any new readers will see * an empty list. */ sync(); ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_ACCESS(*first); ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_ACCESS(*last); /* * Readers are finished with the source list, so perform splice. * The order is important if the new list is global and accessible * to concurrent RCU readers. Note that RCU readers are not * permitted to traverse the prev pointers without excluding * this function. */ last->next = next; rcu_assign_pointer(list_next_rcu(prev), first); first->prev = prev; next->prev = last; } /** * list_splice_init_rcu - splice an RCU-protected list into an existing list, * designed for stacks. * @list: the RCU-protected list to splice * @head: the place in the existing list to splice the first list into * @sync: synchronize_rcu, synchronize_rcu_expedited, ... */ static inline void list_splice_init_rcu(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head, void (*sync)(void)) { if (!list_empty(list)) __list_splice_init_rcu(list, head, head->next, sync); } /** * list_splice_tail_init_rcu - splice an RCU-protected list into an existing * list, designed for queues. * @list: the RCU-protected list to splice * @head: the place in the existing list to splice the first list into * @sync: synchronize_rcu, synchronize_rcu_expedited, ... */ static inline void list_splice_tail_init_rcu(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head, void (*sync)(void)) { if (!list_empty(list)) __list_splice_init_rcu(list, head->prev, head, sync); } /** * list_entry_rcu - get the struct for this entry * @ptr: the &struct list_head pointer. * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * This primitive may safely run concurrently with the _rcu list-mutation * primitives such as list_add_rcu() as long as it's guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define list_entry_rcu(ptr, type, member) \ container_of(READ_ONCE(ptr), type, member) /* * Where are list_empty_rcu() and list_first_entry_rcu()? * * Implementing those functions following their counterparts list_empty() and * list_first_entry() is not advisable because they lead to subtle race * conditions as the following snippet shows: * * if (!list_empty_rcu(mylist)) { * struct foo *bar = list_first_entry_rcu(mylist, struct foo, list_member); * do_something(bar); * } * * The list may not be empty when list_empty_rcu checks it, but it may be when * list_first_entry_rcu rereads the ->next pointer. * * Rereading the ->next pointer is not a problem for list_empty() and * list_first_entry() because they would be protected by a lock that blocks * writers. * * See list_first_or_null_rcu for an alternative. */ /** * list_first_or_null_rcu - get the first element from a list * @ptr: the list head to take the element from. * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Note that if the list is empty, it returns NULL. * * This primitive may safely run concurrently with the _rcu list-mutation * primitives such as list_add_rcu() as long as it's guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define list_first_or_null_rcu(ptr, type, member) \ ({ \ struct list_head *__ptr = (ptr); \ struct list_head *__next = READ_ONCE(__ptr->next); \ likely(__ptr != __next) ? list_entry_rcu(__next, type, member) : NULL; \ }) /** * list_next_or_null_rcu - get the first element from a list * @head: the head for the list. * @ptr: the list head to take the next element from. * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Note that if the ptr is at the end of the list, NULL is returned. * * This primitive may safely run concurrently with the _rcu list-mutation * primitives such as list_add_rcu() as long as it's guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define list_next_or_null_rcu(head, ptr, type, member) \ ({ \ struct list_head *__head = (head); \ struct list_head *__ptr = (ptr); \ struct list_head *__next = READ_ONCE(__ptr->next); \ likely(__next != __head) ? list_entry_rcu(__next, type, \ member) : NULL; \ }) /** * list_for_each_entry_rcu - iterate over rcu list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * @cond: optional lockdep expression if called from non-RCU protection. * * This list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu list-mutation primitives such as list_add_rcu() * as long as the traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define list_for_each_entry_rcu(pos, head, member, cond...) \ for (__list_check_rcu(dummy, ## cond, 0), \ pos = list_entry_rcu((head)->next, typeof(*pos), member); \ &pos->member != (head); \ pos = list_entry_rcu(pos->member.next, typeof(*pos), member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_srcu - iterate over rcu list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * @cond: lockdep expression for the lock required to traverse the list. * * This list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu list-mutation primitives such as list_add_rcu() * as long as the traversal is guarded by srcu_read_lock(). * The lockdep expression srcu_read_lock_held() can be passed as the * cond argument from read side. */ #define list_for_each_entry_srcu(pos, head, member, cond) \ for (__list_check_srcu(cond), \ pos = list_entry_rcu((head)->next, typeof(*pos), member); \ &pos->member != (head); \ pos = list_entry_rcu(pos->member.next, typeof(*pos), member)) /** * list_entry_lockless - get the struct for this entry * @ptr: the &struct list_head pointer. * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * This primitive may safely run concurrently with the _rcu * list-mutation primitives such as list_add_rcu(), but requires some * implicit RCU read-side guarding. One example is running within a special * exception-time environment where preemption is disabled and where lockdep * cannot be invoked. Another example is when items are added to the list, * but never deleted. */ #define list_entry_lockless(ptr, type, member) \ container_of((typeof(ptr))READ_ONCE(ptr), type, member) /** * list_for_each_entry_lockless - iterate over rcu list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_struct within the struct. * * This primitive may safely run concurrently with the _rcu * list-mutation primitives such as list_add_rcu(), but requires some * implicit RCU read-side guarding. One example is running within a special * exception-time environment where preemption is disabled and where lockdep * cannot be invoked. Another example is when items are added to the list, * but never deleted. */ #define list_for_each_entry_lockless(pos, head, member) \ for (pos = list_entry_lockless((head)->next, typeof(*pos), member); \ &pos->member != (head); \ pos = list_entry_lockless(pos->member.next, typeof(*pos), member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_continue_rcu - continue iteration over list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Continue to iterate over list of given type, continuing after * the current position which must have been in the list when the RCU read * lock was taken. * This would typically require either that you obtained the node from a * previous walk of the list in the same RCU read-side critical section, or * that you held some sort of non-RCU reference (such as a reference count) * to keep the node alive *and* in the list. * * This iterator is similar to list_for_each_entry_from_rcu() except * this starts after the given position and that one starts at the given * position. */ #define list_for_each_entry_continue_rcu(pos, head, member) \ for (pos = list_entry_rcu(pos->member.next, typeof(*pos), member); \ &pos->member != (head); \ pos = list_entry_rcu(pos->member.next, typeof(*pos), member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_from_rcu - iterate over a list from current point * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_node within the struct. * * Iterate over the tail of a list starting from a given position, * which must have been in the list when the RCU read lock was taken. * This would typically require either that you obtained the node from a * previous walk of the list in the same RCU read-side critical section, or * that you held some sort of non-RCU reference (such as a reference count) * to keep the node alive *and* in the list. * * This iterator is similar to list_for_each_entry_continue_rcu() except * this starts from the given position and that one starts from the position * after the given position. */ #define list_for_each_entry_from_rcu(pos, head, member) \ for (; &(pos)->member != (head); \ pos = list_entry_rcu(pos->member.next, typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_del_rcu - deletes entry from hash list without re-initialization * @n: the element to delete from the hash list. * * Note: list_unhashed() on entry does not return true after this, * the entry is in an undefined state. It is useful for RCU based * lockfree traversal. * * In particular, it means that we can not poison the forward * pointers that may still be used for walking the hash list. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_for_each_entry(). */ static inline void hlist_del_rcu(struct hlist_node *n) { __hlist_del(n); WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, LIST_POISON2); } /** * hlist_replace_rcu - replace old entry by new one * @old : the element to be replaced * @new : the new element to insert * * The @old entry will be replaced with the @new entry atomically. */ static inline void hlist_replace_rcu(struct hlist_node *old, struct hlist_node *new) { struct hlist_node *next = old->next; new->next = next; WRITE_ONCE(new->pprev, old->pprev); rcu_assign_pointer(*(struct hlist_node __rcu **)new->pprev, new); if (next) WRITE_ONCE(new->next->pprev, &new->next); WRITE_ONCE(old->pprev, LIST_POISON2); } /** * hlists_swap_heads_rcu - swap the lists the hlist heads point to * @left: The hlist head on the left * @right: The hlist head on the right * * The lists start out as [@left ][node1 ... ] and * [@right ][node2 ... ] * The lists end up as [@left ][node2 ... ] * [@right ][node1 ... ] */ static inline void hlists_swap_heads_rcu(struct hlist_head *left, struct hlist_head *right) { struct hlist_node *node1 = left->first; struct hlist_node *node2 = right->first; rcu_assign_pointer(left->first, node2); rcu_assign_pointer(right->first, node1); WRITE_ONCE(node2->pprev, &left->first); WRITE_ONCE(node1->pprev, &right->first); } /* * return the first or the next element in an RCU protected hlist */ #define hlist_first_rcu(head) (*((struct hlist_node __rcu **)(&(head)->first))) #define hlist_next_rcu(node) (*((struct hlist_node __rcu **)(&(node)->next))) #define hlist_pprev_rcu(node) (*((struct hlist_node __rcu **)((node)->pprev))) /** * hlist_add_head_rcu * @n: the element to add to the hash list. * @h: the list to add to. * * Description: * Adds the specified element to the specified hlist, * while permitting racing traversals. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(), used to prevent memory-consistency * problems on Alpha CPUs. Regardless of the type of CPU, the * list-traversal primitive must be guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ static inline void hlist_add_head_rcu(struct hlist_node *n, struct hlist_head *h) { struct hlist_node *first = h->first; n->next = first; WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, &h->first); rcu_assign_pointer(hlist_first_rcu(h), n); if (first) WRITE_ONCE(first->pprev, &n->next); } /** * hlist_add_tail_rcu * @n: the element to add to the hash list. * @h: the list to add to. * * Description: * Adds the specified element to the specified hlist, * while permitting racing traversals. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(), used to prevent memory-consistency * problems on Alpha CPUs. Regardless of the type of CPU, the * list-traversal primitive must be guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ static inline void hlist_add_tail_rcu(struct hlist_node *n, struct hlist_head *h) { struct hlist_node *i, *last = NULL; /* Note: write side code, so rcu accessors are not needed. */ for (i = h->first; i; i = i->next) last = i; if (last) { n->next = last->next; WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, &last->next); rcu_assign_pointer(hlist_next_rcu(last), n); } else { hlist_add_head_rcu(n, h); } } /** * hlist_add_before_rcu * @n: the new element to add to the hash list. * @next: the existing element to add the new element before. * * Description: * Adds the specified element to the specified hlist * before the specified node while permitting racing traversals. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(), used to prevent memory-consistency * problems on Alpha CPUs. */ static inline void hlist_add_before_rcu(struct hlist_node *n, struct hlist_node *next) { WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, next->pprev); n->next = next; rcu_assign_pointer(hlist_pprev_rcu(n), n); WRITE_ONCE(next->pprev, &n->next); } /** * hlist_add_behind_rcu * @n: the new element to add to the hash list. * @prev: the existing element to add the new element after. * * Description: * Adds the specified element to the specified hlist * after the specified node while permitting racing traversals. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(), used to prevent memory-consistency * problems on Alpha CPUs. */ static inline void hlist_add_behind_rcu(struct hlist_node *n, struct hlist_node *prev) { n->next = prev->next; WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, &prev->next); rcu_assign_pointer(hlist_next_rcu(prev), n); if (n->next) WRITE_ONCE(n->next->pprev, &n->next); } #define __hlist_for_each_rcu(pos, head) \ for (pos = rcu_dereference(hlist_first_rcu(head)); \ pos; \ pos = rcu_dereference(hlist_next_rcu(pos))) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu - iterate over rcu list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. * @cond: optional lockdep expression if called from non-RCU protection. * * This list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu list-mutation primitives such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * as long as the traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(pos, head, member, cond...) \ for (__list_check_rcu(dummy, ## cond, 0), \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_first_rcu(head)),\ typeof(*(pos)), member); \ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_next_rcu(\ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_srcu - iterate over rcu list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. * @cond: lockdep expression for the lock required to traverse the list. * * This list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu list-mutation primitives such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * as long as the traversal is guarded by srcu_read_lock(). * The lockdep expression srcu_read_lock_held() can be passed as the * cond argument from read side. */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_srcu(pos, head, member, cond) \ for (__list_check_srcu(cond), \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_first_rcu(head)),\ typeof(*(pos)), member); \ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_next_rcu(\ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu_notrace - iterate over rcu list of given type (for tracing) * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. * * This list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu list-mutation primitives such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * as long as the traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock(). * * This is the same as hlist_for_each_entry_rcu() except that it does * not do any RCU debugging or tracing. */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_rcu_notrace(pos, head, member) \ for (pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw_check(hlist_first_rcu(head)),\ typeof(*(pos)), member); \ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw_check(hlist_next_rcu(\ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu_bh - iterate over rcu list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. * * This list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu list-mutation primitives such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * as long as the traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_rcu_bh(pos, head, member) \ for (pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_bh(hlist_first_rcu(head)),\ typeof(*(pos)), member); \ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_bh(hlist_next_rcu(\ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_continue_rcu - iterate over a hlist continuing after current point * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_continue_rcu(pos, member) \ for (pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_next_rcu( \ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member); \ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_next_rcu( \ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_continue_rcu_bh - iterate over a hlist continuing after current point * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_continue_rcu_bh(pos, member) \ for (pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_bh(hlist_next_rcu( \ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member); \ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_bh(hlist_next_rcu( \ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_from_rcu - iterate over a hlist continuing from current point * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_from_rcu(pos, member) \ for (; pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_next_rcu( \ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #endif
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * linux/fs/attr.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds * changes by Thomas Schoebel-Theuer */ #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/fsnotify.h> #include <linux/fcntl.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/evm.h> #include <linux/ima.h> static bool chown_ok(const struct inode *inode, kuid_t uid) { if (uid_eq(current_fsuid(), inode->i_uid) && uid_eq(uid, inode->i_uid)) return true; if (capable_wrt_inode_uidgid(inode, CAP_CHOWN)) return true; if (uid_eq(inode->i_uid, INVALID_UID) && ns_capable(inode->i_sb->s_user_ns, CAP_CHOWN)) return true; return false; } static bool chgrp_ok(const struct inode *inode, kgid_t gid) { if (uid_eq(current_fsuid(), inode->i_uid) && (in_group_p(gid) || gid_eq(gid, inode->i_gid))) return true; if (capable_wrt_inode_uidgid(inode, CAP_CHOWN)) return true; if (gid_eq(inode->i_gid, INVALID_GID) && ns_capable(inode->i_sb->s_user_ns, CAP_CHOWN)) return true; return false; } /** * setattr_prepare - check if attribute changes to a dentry are allowed * @dentry: dentry to check * @attr: attributes to change * * Check if we are allowed to change the attributes contained in @attr * in the given dentry. This includes the normal unix access permission * checks, as well as checks for rlimits and others. The function also clears * SGID bit from mode if user is not allowed to set it. Also file capabilities * and IMA extended attributes are cleared if ATTR_KILL_PRIV is set. * * Should be called as the first thing in ->setattr implementations, * possibly after taking additional locks. */ int setattr_prepare(struct dentry *dentry, struct iattr *attr) { struct inode *inode = d_inode(dentry); unsigned int ia_valid = attr->ia_valid; /* * First check size constraints. These can't be overriden using * ATTR_FORCE. */ if (ia_valid & ATTR_SIZE) { int error = inode_newsize_ok(inode, attr->ia_size); if (error) return error; } /* If force is set do it anyway. */ if (ia_valid & ATTR_FORCE) goto kill_priv; /* Make sure a caller can chown. */ if ((ia_valid & ATTR_UID) && !chown_ok(inode, attr->ia_uid)) return -EPERM; /* Make sure caller can chgrp. */ if ((ia_valid & ATTR_GID) && !chgrp_ok(inode, attr->ia_gid)) return -EPERM; /* Make sure a caller can chmod. */ if (ia_valid & ATTR_MODE) { if (!inode_owner_or_capable(inode)) return -EPERM; /* Also check the setgid bit! */ if (!in_group_p((ia_valid & ATTR_GID) ? attr->ia_gid : inode->i_gid) && !capable_wrt_inode_uidgid(inode, CAP_FSETID)) attr->ia_mode &= ~S_ISGID; } /* Check for setting the inode time. */ if (ia_valid & (ATTR_MTIME_SET | ATTR_ATIME_SET | ATTR_TIMES_SET)) { if (!inode_owner_or_capable(inode)) return -EPERM; } kill_priv: /* User has permission for the change */ if (ia_valid & ATTR_KILL_PRIV) { int error; error = security_inode_killpriv(dentry); if (error) return error; } return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(setattr_prepare); /** * inode_newsize_ok - may this inode be truncated to a given size * @inode: the inode to be truncated * @offset: the new size to assign to the inode * * inode_newsize_ok must be called with i_mutex held. * * inode_newsize_ok will check filesystem limits and ulimits to check that the * new inode size is within limits. inode_newsize_ok will also send SIGXFSZ * when necessary. Caller must not proceed with inode size change if failure is * returned. @inode must be a file (not directory), with appropriate * permissions to allow truncate (inode_newsize_ok does NOT check these * conditions). * * Return: 0 on success, -ve errno on failure */ int inode_newsize_ok(const struct inode *inode, loff_t offset) { if (inode->i_size < offset) { unsigned long limit; limit = rlimit(RLIMIT_FSIZE); if (limit != RLIM_INFINITY && offset > limit) goto out_sig; if (offset > inode->i_sb->s_maxbytes) goto out_big; } else { /* * truncation of in-use swapfiles is disallowed - it would * cause subsequent swapout to scribble on the now-freed * blocks. */ if (IS_SWAPFILE(inode)) return -ETXTBSY; } return 0; out_sig: send_sig(SIGXFSZ, current, 0); out_big: return -EFBIG; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(inode_newsize_ok); /** * setattr_copy - copy simple metadata updates into the generic inode * @inode: the inode to be updated * @attr: the new attributes * * setattr_copy must be called with i_mutex held. * * setattr_copy updates the inode's metadata with that specified * in attr. Noticeably missing is inode size update, which is more complex * as it requires pagecache updates. * * The inode is not marked as dirty after this operation. The rationale is * that for "simple" filesystems, the struct inode is the inode storage. * The caller is free to mark the inode dirty afterwards if needed. */ void setattr_copy(struct inode *inode, const struct iattr *attr) { unsigned int ia_valid = attr->ia_valid; if (ia_valid & ATTR_UID) inode->i_uid = attr->ia_uid; if (ia_valid & ATTR_GID) inode->i_gid = attr->ia_gid; if (ia_valid & ATTR_ATIME) inode->i_atime = attr->ia_atime; if (ia_valid & ATTR_MTIME) inode->i_mtime = attr->ia_mtime; if (ia_valid & ATTR_CTIME) inode->i_ctime = attr->ia_ctime; if (ia_valid & ATTR_MODE) { umode_t mode = attr->ia_mode; if (!in_group_p(inode->i_gid) && !capable_wrt_inode_uidgid(inode, CAP_FSETID)) mode &= ~S_ISGID; inode->i_mode = mode; } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(setattr_copy); /** * notify_change - modify attributes of a filesytem object * @dentry: object affected * @attr: new attributes * @delegated_inode: returns inode, if the inode is delegated * * The caller must hold the i_mutex on the affected object. * * If notify_change discovers a delegation in need of breaking, * it will return -EWOULDBLOCK and return a reference to the inode in * delegated_inode. The caller should then break the delegation and * retry. Because breaking a delegation may take a long time, the * caller should drop the i_mutex before doing so. * * Alternatively, a caller may pass NULL for delegated_inode. This may * be appropriate for callers that expect the underlying filesystem not * to be NFS exported. Also, passing NULL is fine for callers holding * the file open for write, as there can be no conflicting delegation in * that case. */ int notify_change(struct dentry * dentry, struct iattr * attr, struct inode **delegated_inode) { struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode; umode_t mode = inode->i_mode; int error; struct timespec64 now; unsigned int ia_valid = attr->ia_valid; WARN_ON_ONCE(!inode_is_locked(inode)); if (ia_valid & (ATTR_MODE | ATTR_UID | ATTR_GID | ATTR_TIMES_SET)) { if (IS_IMMUTABLE(inode) || IS_APPEND(inode)) return -EPERM; } /* * If utimes(2) and friends are called with times == NULL (or both * times are UTIME_NOW), then we need to check for write permission */ if (ia_valid & ATTR_TOUCH) { if (IS_IMMUTABLE(inode)) return -EPERM; if (!inode_owner_or_capable(inode)) { error = inode_permission(inode, MAY_WRITE); if (error) return error; } } if ((ia_valid & ATTR_MODE)) { umode_t amode = attr->ia_mode; /* Flag setting protected by i_mutex */ if (is_sxid(amode)) inode->i_flags &= ~S_NOSEC; } now = current_time(inode); attr->ia_ctime = now; if (!(ia_valid & ATTR_ATIME_SET)) attr->ia_atime = now; else attr->ia_atime = timestamp_truncate(attr->ia_atime, inode); if (!(ia_valid & ATTR_MTIME_SET)) attr->ia_mtime = now; else attr->ia_mtime = timestamp_truncate(attr->ia_mtime, inode); if (ia_valid & ATTR_KILL_PRIV) { error = security_inode_need_killpriv(dentry); if (error < 0) return error; if (error == 0) ia_valid = attr->ia_valid &= ~ATTR_KILL_PRIV; } /* * We now pass ATTR_KILL_S*ID to the lower level setattr function so * that the function has the ability to reinterpret a mode change * that's due to these bits. This adds an implicit restriction that * no function will ever call notify_change with both ATTR_MODE and * ATTR_KILL_S*ID set. */ if ((ia_valid & (ATTR_KILL_SUID|ATTR_KILL_SGID)) && (ia_valid & ATTR_MODE)) BUG(); if (ia_valid & ATTR_KILL_SUID) { if (mode & S_ISUID) { ia_valid = attr->ia_valid |= ATTR_MODE; attr->ia_mode = (inode->i_mode & ~S_ISUID); } } if (ia_valid & ATTR_KILL_SGID) { if ((mode & (S_ISGID | S_IXGRP)) == (S_ISGID | S_IXGRP)) { if (!(ia_valid & ATTR_MODE)) { ia_valid = attr->ia_valid |= ATTR_MODE; attr->ia_mode = inode->i_mode; } attr->ia_mode &= ~S_ISGID; } } if (!(attr->ia_valid & ~(ATTR_KILL_SUID | ATTR_KILL_SGID))) return 0; /* * Verify that uid/gid changes are valid in the target * namespace of the superblock. */ if (ia_valid & ATTR_UID && !kuid_has_mapping(inode->i_sb->s_user_ns, attr->ia_uid)) return -EOVERFLOW; if (ia_valid & ATTR_GID && !kgid_has_mapping(inode->i_sb->s_user_ns, attr->ia_gid)) return -EOVERFLOW; /* Don't allow modifications of files with invalid uids or * gids unless those uids & gids are being made valid. */ if (!(ia_valid & ATTR_UID) && !uid_valid(inode->i_uid)) return -EOVERFLOW; if (!(ia_valid & ATTR_GID) && !gid_valid(inode->i_gid)) return -EOVERFLOW; error = security_inode_setattr(dentry, attr); if (error) return error; error = try_break_deleg(inode, delegated_inode); if (error) return error; if (inode->i_op->setattr) error = inode->i_op->setattr(dentry, attr); else error = simple_setattr(dentry, attr); if (!error) { fsnotify_change(dentry, ia_valid); ima_inode_post_setattr(dentry); evm_inode_post_setattr(dentry, ia_valid); } return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(notify_change);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _IPV6_H #define _IPV6_H #include <uapi/linux/ipv6.h> #define ipv6_optlen(p) (((p)->hdrlen+1) << 3) #define ipv6_authlen(p) (((p)->hdrlen+2) << 2) /* * This structure contains configuration options per IPv6 link. */ struct ipv6_devconf { __s32 forwarding; __s32 hop_limit; __s32 mtu6; __s32 accept_ra; __s32 accept_redirects; __s32 autoconf; __s32 dad_transmits; __s32 rtr_solicits; __s32 rtr_solicit_interval; __s32 rtr_solicit_max_interval; __s32 rtr_solicit_delay; __s32 force_mld_version; __s32 mldv1_unsolicited_report_interval; __s32 mldv2_unsolicited_report_interval; __s32 use_tempaddr; __s32 temp_valid_lft; __s32 temp_prefered_lft; __s32 regen_max_retry; __s32 max_desync_factor; __s32 max_addresses; __s32 accept_ra_defrtr; __s32 accept_ra_min_hop_limit; __s32 accept_ra_pinfo; __s32 ignore_routes_with_linkdown; #ifdef CONFIG_IPV6_ROUTER_PREF __s32 accept_ra_rtr_pref; __s32 rtr_probe_interval; #ifdef CONFIG_IPV6_ROUTE_INFO __s32 accept_ra_rt_info_min_plen; __s32 accept_ra_rt_info_max_plen; #endif #endif __s32 proxy_ndp; __s32 accept_source_route; __s32 accept_ra_from_local; #ifdef CONFIG_IPV6_OPTIMISTIC_DAD __s32 optimistic_dad; __s32 use_optimistic; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_IPV6_MROUTE __s32 mc_forwarding; #endif __s32 disable_ipv6; __s32 drop_unicast_in_l2_multicast; __s32 accept_dad; __s32 force_tllao; __s32 ndisc_notify; __s32 suppress_frag_ndisc; __s32 accept_ra_mtu; __s32 drop_unsolicited_na; struct ipv6_stable_secret { bool initialized; struct in6_addr secret; } stable_secret; __s32 use_oif_addrs_only; __s32 keep_addr_on_down; __s32 seg6_enabled; #ifdef CONFIG_IPV6_SEG6_HMAC __s32 seg6_require_hmac; #endif __u32 enhanced_dad; __u32 addr_gen_mode; __s32 disable_policy; __s32 ndisc_tclass; __s32 rpl_seg_enabled; struct ctl_table_header *sysctl_header; }; struct ipv6_params { __s32 disable_ipv6; __s32 autoconf; }; extern struct ipv6_params ipv6_defaults; #include <linux/tcp.h> #include <linux/udp.h> #include <net/inet_sock.h> static inline struct ipv6hdr *ipv6_hdr(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct ipv6hdr *)skb_network_header(skb); } static inline struct ipv6hdr *inner_ipv6_hdr(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct ipv6hdr *)skb_inner_network_header(skb); } static inline struct ipv6hdr *ipipv6_hdr(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct ipv6hdr *)skb_transport_header(skb); } static inline unsigned int ipv6_transport_len(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return ntohs(ipv6_hdr(skb)->payload_len) + sizeof(struct ipv6hdr) - skb_network_header_len(skb); } /* This structure contains results of exthdrs parsing as offsets from skb->nh. */ struct inet6_skb_parm { int iif; __be16 ra; __u16 dst0; __u16 srcrt; __u16 dst1; __u16 lastopt; __u16 nhoff; __u16 flags; #if defined(CONFIG_IPV6_MIP6) || defined(CONFIG_IPV6_MIP6_MODULE) __u16 dsthao; #endif __u16 frag_max_size; #define IP6SKB_XFRM_TRANSFORMED 1 #define IP6SKB_FORWARDED 2 #define IP6SKB_REROUTED 4 #define IP6SKB_ROUTERALERT 8 #define IP6SKB_FRAGMENTED 16 #define IP6SKB_HOPBYHOP 32 #define IP6SKB_L3SLAVE 64 #define IP6SKB_JUMBOGRAM 128 }; #if defined(CONFIG_NET_L3_MASTER_DEV) static inline bool ipv6_l3mdev_skb(__u16 flags) { return flags & IP6SKB_L3SLAVE; } #else static inline bool ipv6_l3mdev_skb(__u16 flags) { return false; } #endif #define IP6CB(skb) ((struct inet6_skb_parm*)((skb)->cb)) #define IP6CBMTU(skb) ((struct ip6_mtuinfo *)((skb)->cb)) static inline int inet6_iif(const struct sk_buff *skb) { bool l3_slave = ipv6_l3mdev_skb(IP6CB(skb)->flags); return l3_slave ? skb->skb_iif : IP6CB(skb)->iif; } static inline bool inet6_is_jumbogram(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return !!(IP6CB(skb)->flags & IP6SKB_JUMBOGRAM); } /* can not be used in TCP layer after tcp_v6_fill_cb */ static inline int inet6_sdif(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_L3_MASTER_DEV) if (skb && ipv6_l3mdev_skb(IP6CB(skb)->flags)) return IP6CB(skb)->iif; #endif return 0; } struct tcp6_request_sock { struct tcp_request_sock tcp6rsk_tcp; }; struct ipv6_mc_socklist; struct ipv6_ac_socklist; struct ipv6_fl_socklist; struct inet6_cork { struct ipv6_txoptions *opt; u8 hop_limit; u8 tclass; }; /** * struct ipv6_pinfo - ipv6 private area * * In the struct sock hierarchy (tcp6_sock, upd6_sock, etc) * this _must_ be the last member, so that inet6_sk_generic * is able to calculate its offset from the base struct sock * by using the struct proto->slab_obj_size member. -acme */ struct ipv6_pinfo { struct in6_addr saddr; struct in6_pktinfo sticky_pktinfo; const struct in6_addr *daddr_cache; #ifdef CONFIG_IPV6_SUBTREES const struct in6_addr *saddr_cache; #endif __be32 flow_label; __u32 frag_size; /* * Packed in 16bits. * Omit one shift by putting the signed field at MSB. */ #if defined(__BIG_ENDIAN_BITFIELD) __s16 hop_limit:9; __u16 __unused_1:7; #else __u16 __unused_1:7; __s16 hop_limit:9; #endif #if defined(__BIG_ENDIAN_BITFIELD) /* Packed in 16bits. */ __s16 mcast_hops:9; __u16 __unused_2:6, mc_loop:1; #else __u16 mc_loop:1, __unused_2:6; __s16 mcast_hops:9; #endif int ucast_oif; int mcast_oif; /* pktoption flags */ union { struct { __u16 srcrt:1, osrcrt:1, rxinfo:1, rxoinfo:1, rxhlim:1, rxohlim:1, hopopts:1, ohopopts:1, dstopts:1, odstopts:1, rxflow:1, rxtclass:1, rxpmtu:1, rxorigdstaddr:1, recvfragsize:1; /* 1 bits hole */ } bits; __u16 all; } rxopt; /* sockopt flags */ __u16 recverr:1, sndflow:1, repflow:1, pmtudisc:3, padding:1, /* 1 bit hole */ srcprefs:3, /* 001: prefer temporary address * 010: prefer public address * 100: prefer care-of address */ dontfrag:1, autoflowlabel:1, autoflowlabel_set:1, mc_all:1, recverr_rfc4884:1, rtalert_isolate:1; __u8 min_hopcount; __u8 tclass; __be32 rcv_flowinfo; __u32 dst_cookie; __u32 rx_dst_cookie; struct ipv6_mc_socklist __rcu *ipv6_mc_list; struct ipv6_ac_socklist *ipv6_ac_list; struct ipv6_fl_socklist __rcu *ipv6_fl_list; struct ipv6_txoptions __rcu *opt; struct sk_buff *pktoptions; struct sk_buff *rxpmtu; struct inet6_cork cork; }; /* WARNING: don't change the layout of the members in {raw,udp,tcp}6_sock! */ struct raw6_sock { /* inet_sock has to be the first member of raw6_sock */ struct inet_sock inet; __u32 checksum; /* perform checksum */ __u32 offset; /* checksum offset */ struct icmp6_filter filter; __u32 ip6mr_table; /* ipv6_pinfo has to be the last member of raw6_sock, see inet6_sk_generic */ struct ipv6_pinfo inet6; }; struct udp6_sock { struct udp_sock udp; /* ipv6_pinfo has to be the last member of udp6_sock, see inet6_sk_generic */ struct ipv6_pinfo inet6; }; struct tcp6_sock { struct tcp_sock tcp; /* ipv6_pinfo has to be the last member of tcp6_sock, see inet6_sk_generic */ struct ipv6_pinfo inet6; }; extern int inet6_sk_rebuild_header(struct sock *sk); struct tcp6_timewait_sock { struct tcp_timewait_sock tcp6tw_tcp; }; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) bool ipv6_mod_enabled(void); static inline struct ipv6_pinfo *inet6_sk(const struct sock *__sk) { return sk_fullsock(__sk) ? inet_sk(__sk)->pinet6 : NULL; } static inline struct raw6_sock *raw6_sk(const struct sock *sk) { return (struct raw6_sock *)sk; } #define __ipv6_only_sock(sk) (sk->sk_ipv6only) #define ipv6_only_sock(sk) (__ipv6_only_sock(sk)) #define ipv6_sk_rxinfo(sk) ((sk)->sk_family == PF_INET6 && \ inet6_sk(sk)->rxopt.bits.rxinfo) static inline const struct in6_addr *inet6_rcv_saddr(const struct sock *sk) { if (sk->sk_family == AF_INET6) return &sk->sk_v6_rcv_saddr; return NULL; } static inline int inet_v6_ipv6only(const struct sock *sk) { /* ipv6only field is at same position for timewait and other sockets */ return ipv6_only_sock(sk); } #else #define __ipv6_only_sock(sk) 0 #define ipv6_only_sock(sk) 0 #define ipv6_sk_rxinfo(sk) 0 static inline bool ipv6_mod_enabled(void) { return false; } static inline struct ipv6_pinfo * inet6_sk(const struct sock *__sk) { return NULL; } static inline struct inet6_request_sock * inet6_rsk(const struct request_sock *rsk) { return NULL; } static inline struct raw6_sock *raw6_sk(const struct sock *sk) { return NULL; } #define inet6_rcv_saddr(__sk) NULL #define tcp_twsk_ipv6only(__sk) 0 #define inet_v6_ipv6only(__sk) 0 #endif /* IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) */ #endif /* _IPV6_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_PGTABLE_64_H #define _ASM_X86_PGTABLE_64_H #include <linux/const.h> #include <asm/pgtable_64_types.h> #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ /* * This file contains the functions and defines necessary to modify and use * the x86-64 page table tree. */ #include <asm/processor.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/threads.h> #include <asm/fixmap.h> extern p4d_t level4_kernel_pgt[512]; extern p4d_t level4_ident_pgt[512]; extern pud_t level3_kernel_pgt[512]; extern pud_t level3_ident_pgt[512]; extern pmd_t level2_kernel_pgt[512]; extern pmd_t level2_fixmap_pgt[512]; extern pmd_t level2_ident_pgt[512]; extern pte_t level1_fixmap_pgt[512 * FIXMAP_PMD_NUM]; extern pgd_t init_top_pgt[]; #define swapper_pg_dir init_top_pgt extern void paging_init(void); static inline void sync_initial_page_table(void) { } #define pte_ERROR(e) \ pr_err("%s:%d: bad pte %p(%016lx)\n", \ __FILE__, __LINE__, &(e), pte_val(e)) #define pmd_ERROR(e) \ pr_err("%s:%d: bad pmd %p(%016lx)\n", \ __FILE__, __LINE__, &(e), pmd_val(e)) #define pud_ERROR(e) \ pr_err("%s:%d: bad pud %p(%016lx)\n", \ __FILE__, __LINE__, &(e), pud_val(e)) #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS >= 5 #define p4d_ERROR(e) \ pr_err("%s:%d: bad p4d %p(%016lx)\n", \ __FILE__, __LINE__, &(e), p4d_val(e)) #endif #define pgd_ERROR(e) \ pr_err("%s:%d: bad pgd %p(%016lx)\n", \ __FILE__, __LINE__, &(e), pgd_val(e)) struct mm_struct; #define mm_p4d_folded mm_p4d_folded static inline bool mm_p4d_folded(struct mm_struct *mm) { return !pgtable_l5_enabled(); } void set_pte_vaddr_p4d(p4d_t *p4d_page, unsigned long vaddr, pte_t new_pte); void set_pte_vaddr_pud(pud_t *pud_page, unsigned long vaddr, pte_t new_pte); static inline void native_set_pte(pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte) { WRITE_ONCE(*ptep, pte); } static inline void native_pte_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep) { native_set_pte(ptep, native_make_pte(0)); } static inline void native_set_pte_atomic(pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte) { native_set_pte(ptep, pte); } static inline void native_set_pmd(pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t pmd) { WRITE_ONCE(*pmdp, pmd); } static inline void native_pmd_clear(pmd_t *pmd) { native_set_pmd(pmd, native_make_pmd(0)); } static inline pte_t native_ptep_get_and_clear(pte_t *xp) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP return native_make_pte(xchg(&xp->pte, 0)); #else /* native_local_ptep_get_and_clear, but duplicated because of cyclic dependency */ pte_t ret = *xp; native_pte_clear(NULL, 0, xp); return ret; #endif } static inline pmd_t native_pmdp_get_and_clear(pmd_t *xp) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP return native_make_pmd(xchg(&xp->pmd, 0)); #else /* native_local_pmdp_get_and_clear, but duplicated because of cyclic dependency */ pmd_t ret = *xp; native_pmd_clear(xp); return ret; #endif } static inline void native_set_pud(pud_t *pudp, pud_t pud) { WRITE_ONCE(*pudp, pud); } static inline void native_pud_clear(pud_t *pud) { native_set_pud(pud, native_make_pud(0)); } static inline pud_t native_pudp_get_and_clear(pud_t *xp) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP return native_make_pud(xchg(&xp->pud, 0)); #else /* native_local_pudp_get_and_clear, * but duplicated because of cyclic dependency */ pud_t ret = *xp; native_pud_clear(xp); return ret; #endif } static inline void native_set_p4d(p4d_t *p4dp, p4d_t p4d) { pgd_t pgd; if (pgtable_l5_enabled() || !IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION)) { WRITE_ONCE(*p4dp, p4d); return; } pgd = native_make_pgd(native_p4d_val(p4d)); pgd = pti_set_user_pgtbl((pgd_t *)p4dp, pgd); WRITE_ONCE(*p4dp, native_make_p4d(native_pgd_val(pgd))); } static inline void native_p4d_clear(p4d_t *p4d) { native_set_p4d(p4d, native_make_p4d(0)); } static inline void native_set_pgd(pgd_t *pgdp, pgd_t pgd) { WRITE_ONCE(*pgdp, pti_set_user_pgtbl(pgdp, pgd)); } static inline void native_pgd_clear(pgd_t *pgd) { native_set_pgd(pgd, native_make_pgd(0)); } /* * Conversion functions: convert a page and protection to a page entry, * and a page entry and page directory to the page they refer to. */ /* PGD - Level 4 access */ /* PUD - Level 3 access */ /* PMD - Level 2 access */ /* PTE - Level 1 access */ /* * Encode and de-code a swap entry * * | ... | 11| 10| 9|8|7|6|5| 4| 3|2| 1|0| <- bit number * | ... |SW3|SW2|SW1|G|L|D|A|CD|WT|U| W|P| <- bit names * | TYPE (59-63) | ~OFFSET (9-58) |0|0|X|X| X| X|F|SD|0| <- swp entry * * G (8) is aliased and used as a PROT_NONE indicator for * !present ptes. We need to start storing swap entries above * there. We also need to avoid using A and D because of an * erratum where they can be incorrectly set by hardware on * non-present PTEs. * * SD Bits 1-4 are not used in non-present format and available for * special use described below: * * SD (1) in swp entry is used to store soft dirty bit, which helps us * remember soft dirty over page migration * * F (2) in swp entry is used to record when a pagetable is * writeprotected by userfaultfd WP support. * * Bit 7 in swp entry should be 0 because pmd_present checks not only P, * but also L and G. * * The offset is inverted by a binary not operation to make the high * physical bits set. */ #define SWP_TYPE_BITS 5 #define SWP_OFFSET_FIRST_BIT (_PAGE_BIT_PROTNONE + 1) /* We always extract/encode the offset by shifting it all the way up, and then down again */ #define SWP_OFFSET_SHIFT (SWP_OFFSET_FIRST_BIT+SWP_TYPE_BITS) #define MAX_SWAPFILES_CHECK() BUILD_BUG_ON(MAX_SWAPFILES_SHIFT > SWP_TYPE_BITS) /* Extract the high bits for type */ #define __swp_type(x) ((x).val >> (64 - SWP_TYPE_BITS)) /* Shift up (to get rid of type), then down to get value */ #define __swp_offset(x) (~(x).val << SWP_TYPE_BITS >> SWP_OFFSET_SHIFT) /* * Shift the offset up "too far" by TYPE bits, then down again * The offset is inverted by a binary not operation to make the high * physical bits set. */ #define __swp_entry(type, offset) ((swp_entry_t) { \ (~(unsigned long)(offset) << SWP_OFFSET_SHIFT >> SWP_TYPE_BITS) \ | ((unsigned long)(type) << (64-SWP_TYPE_BITS)) }) #define __pte_to_swp_entry(pte) ((swp_entry_t) { pte_val((pte)) }) #define __pmd_to_swp_entry(pmd) ((swp_entry_t) { pmd_val((pmd)) }) #define __swp_entry_to_pte(x) ((pte_t) { .pte = (x).val }) #define __swp_entry_to_pmd(x) ((pmd_t) { .pmd = (x).val }) extern int kern_addr_valid(unsigned long addr); extern void cleanup_highmap(void); #define HAVE_ARCH_UNMAPPED_AREA #define HAVE_ARCH_UNMAPPED_AREA_TOPDOWN #define PAGE_AGP PAGE_KERNEL_NOCACHE #define HAVE_PAGE_AGP 1 /* fs/proc/kcore.c */ #define kc_vaddr_to_offset(v) ((v) & __VIRTUAL_MASK) #define kc_offset_to_vaddr(o) ((o) | ~__VIRTUAL_MASK) #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_SAME #define vmemmap ((struct page *)VMEMMAP_START) extern void init_extra_mapping_uc(unsigned long phys, unsigned long size); extern void init_extra_mapping_wb(unsigned long phys, unsigned long size); #define gup_fast_permitted gup_fast_permitted static inline bool gup_fast_permitted(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { if (end >> __VIRTUAL_MASK_SHIFT) return false; return true; } #include <asm/pgtable-invert.h> #endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_PGTABLE_64_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * AEAD: Authenticated Encryption with Associated Data * * Copyright (c) 2007-2015 Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au> */ #ifndef _CRYPTO_AEAD_H #define _CRYPTO_AEAD_H #include <linux/crypto.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/slab.h> /** * DOC: Authenticated Encryption With Associated Data (AEAD) Cipher API * * The AEAD cipher API is used with the ciphers of type CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_AEAD * (listed as type "aead" in /proc/crypto) * * The most prominent examples for this type of encryption is GCM and CCM. * However, the kernel supports other types of AEAD ciphers which are defined * with the following cipher string: * * authenc(keyed message digest, block cipher) * * For example: authenc(hmac(sha256), cbc(aes)) * * The example code provided for the symmetric key cipher operation * applies here as well. Naturally all *skcipher* symbols must be exchanged * the *aead* pendants discussed in the following. In addition, for the AEAD * operation, the aead_request_set_ad function must be used to set the * pointer to the associated data memory location before performing the * encryption or decryption operation. In case of an encryption, the associated * data memory is filled during the encryption operation. For decryption, the * associated data memory must contain data that is used to verify the integrity * of the decrypted data. Another deviation from the asynchronous block cipher * operation is that the caller should explicitly check for -EBADMSG of the * crypto_aead_decrypt. That error indicates an authentication error, i.e. * a breach in the integrity of the message. In essence, that -EBADMSG error * code is the key bonus an AEAD cipher has over "standard" block chaining * modes. * * Memory Structure: * * The source scatterlist must contain the concatenation of * associated data || plaintext or ciphertext. * * The destination scatterlist has the same layout, except that the plaintext * (resp. ciphertext) will grow (resp. shrink) by the authentication tag size * during encryption (resp. decryption). * * In-place encryption/decryption is enabled by using the same scatterlist * pointer for both the source and destination. * * Even in the out-of-place case, space must be reserved in the destination for * the associated data, even though it won't be written to. This makes the * in-place and out-of-place cases more consistent. It is permissible for the * "destination" associated data to alias the "source" associated data. * * As with the other scatterlist crypto APIs, zero-length scatterlist elements * are not allowed in the used part of the scatterlist. Thus, if there is no * associated data, the first element must point to the plaintext/ciphertext. * * To meet the needs of IPsec, a special quirk applies to rfc4106, rfc4309, * rfc4543, and rfc7539esp ciphers. For these ciphers, the final 'ivsize' bytes * of the associated data buffer must contain a second copy of the IV. This is * in addition to the copy passed to aead_request_set_crypt(). These two IV * copies must not differ; different implementations of the same algorithm may * behave differently in that case. Note that the algorithm might not actually * treat the IV as associated data; nevertheless the length passed to * aead_request_set_ad() must include it. */ struct crypto_aead; /** * struct aead_request - AEAD request * @base: Common attributes for async crypto requests * @assoclen: Length in bytes of associated data for authentication * @cryptlen: Length of data to be encrypted or decrypted * @iv: Initialisation vector * @src: Source data * @dst: Destination data * @__ctx: Start of private context data */ struct aead_request { struct crypto_async_request base; unsigned int assoclen; unsigned int cryptlen; u8 *iv; struct scatterlist *src; struct scatterlist *dst; void *__ctx[] CRYPTO_MINALIGN_ATTR; }; /** * struct aead_alg - AEAD cipher definition * @maxauthsize: Set the maximum authentication tag size supported by the * transformation. A transformation may support smaller tag sizes. * As the authentication tag is a message digest to ensure the * integrity of the encrypted data, a consumer typically wants the * largest authentication tag possible as defined by this * variable. * @setauthsize: Set authentication size for the AEAD transformation. This * function is used to specify the consumer requested size of the * authentication tag to be either generated by the transformation * during encryption or the size of the authentication tag to be * supplied during the decryption operation. This function is also * responsible for checking the authentication tag size for * validity. * @setkey: see struct skcipher_alg * @encrypt: see struct skcipher_alg * @decrypt: see struct skcipher_alg * @ivsize: see struct skcipher_alg * @chunksize: see struct skcipher_alg * @init: Initialize the cryptographic transformation object. This function * is used to initialize the cryptographic transformation object. * This function is called only once at the instantiation time, right * after the transformation context was allocated. In case the * cryptographic hardware has some special requirements which need to * be handled by software, this function shall check for the precise * requirement of the transformation and put any software fallbacks * in place. * @exit: Deinitialize the cryptographic transformation object. This is a * counterpart to @init, used to remove various changes set in * @init. * @base: Definition of a generic crypto cipher algorithm. * * All fields except @ivsize is mandatory and must be filled. */ struct aead_alg { int (*setkey)(struct crypto_aead *tfm, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen); int (*setauthsize)(struct crypto_aead *tfm, unsigned int authsize); int (*encrypt)(struct aead_request *req); int (*decrypt)(struct aead_request *req); int (*init)(struct crypto_aead *tfm); void (*exit)(struct crypto_aead *tfm); unsigned int ivsize; unsigned int maxauthsize; unsigned int chunksize; struct crypto_alg base; }; struct crypto_aead { unsigned int authsize; unsigned int reqsize; struct crypto_tfm base; }; static inline struct crypto_aead *__crypto_aead_cast(struct crypto_tfm *tfm) { return container_of(tfm, struct crypto_aead, base); } /** * crypto_alloc_aead() - allocate AEAD cipher handle * @alg_name: is the cra_name / name or cra_driver_name / driver name of the * AEAD cipher * @type: specifies the type of the cipher * @mask: specifies the mask for the cipher * * Allocate a cipher handle for an AEAD. The returned struct * crypto_aead is the cipher handle that is required for any subsequent * API invocation for that AEAD. * * Return: allocated cipher handle in case of success; IS_ERR() is true in case * of an error, PTR_ERR() returns the error code. */ struct crypto_aead *crypto_alloc_aead(const char *alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask); static inline struct crypto_tfm *crypto_aead_tfm(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { return &tfm->base; } /** * crypto_free_aead() - zeroize and free aead handle * @tfm: cipher handle to be freed * * If @tfm is a NULL or error pointer, this function does nothing. */ static inline void crypto_free_aead(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { crypto_destroy_tfm(tfm, crypto_aead_tfm(tfm)); } static inline struct aead_alg *crypto_aead_alg(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { return container_of(crypto_aead_tfm(tfm)->__crt_alg, struct aead_alg, base); } static inline unsigned int crypto_aead_alg_ivsize(struct aead_alg *alg) { return alg->ivsize; } /** * crypto_aead_ivsize() - obtain IV size * @tfm: cipher handle * * The size of the IV for the aead referenced by the cipher handle is * returned. This IV size may be zero if the cipher does not need an IV. * * Return: IV size in bytes */ static inline unsigned int crypto_aead_ivsize(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { return crypto_aead_alg_ivsize(crypto_aead_alg(tfm)); } /** * crypto_aead_authsize() - obtain maximum authentication data size * @tfm: cipher handle * * The maximum size of the authentication data for the AEAD cipher referenced * by the AEAD cipher handle is returned. The authentication data size may be * zero if the cipher implements a hard-coded maximum. * * The authentication data may also be known as "tag value". * * Return: authentication data size / tag size in bytes */ static inline unsigned int crypto_aead_authsize(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { return tfm->authsize; } static inline unsigned int crypto_aead_alg_maxauthsize(struct aead_alg *alg) { return alg->maxauthsize; } static inline unsigned int crypto_aead_maxauthsize(struct crypto_aead *aead) { return crypto_aead_alg_maxauthsize(crypto_aead_alg(aead)); } /** * crypto_aead_blocksize() - obtain block size of cipher * @tfm: cipher handle * * The block size for the AEAD referenced with the cipher handle is returned. * The caller may use that information to allocate appropriate memory for the * data returned by the encryption or decryption operation * * Return: block size of cipher */ static inline unsigned int crypto_aead_blocksize(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_blocksize(crypto_aead_tfm(tfm)); } static inline unsigned int crypto_aead_alignmask(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_alignmask(crypto_aead_tfm(tfm)); } static inline u32 crypto_aead_get_flags(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_get_flags(crypto_aead_tfm(tfm)); } static inline void crypto_aead_set_flags(struct crypto_aead *tfm, u32 flags) { crypto_tfm_set_flags(crypto_aead_tfm(tfm), flags); } static inline void crypto_aead_clear_flags(struct crypto_aead *tfm, u32 flags) { crypto_tfm_clear_flags(crypto_aead_tfm(tfm), flags); } /** * crypto_aead_setkey() - set key for cipher * @tfm: cipher handle * @key: buffer holding the key * @keylen: length of the key in bytes * * The caller provided key is set for the AEAD referenced by the cipher * handle. * * Note, the key length determines the cipher type. Many block ciphers implement * different cipher modes depending on the key size, such as AES-128 vs AES-192 * vs. AES-256. When providing a 16 byte key for an AES cipher handle, AES-128 * is performed. * * Return: 0 if the setting of the key was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ int crypto_aead_setkey(struct crypto_aead *tfm, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen); /** * crypto_aead_setauthsize() - set authentication data size * @tfm: cipher handle * @authsize: size of the authentication data / tag in bytes * * Set the authentication data size / tag size. AEAD requires an authentication * tag (or MAC) in addition to the associated data. * * Return: 0 if the setting of the key was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ int crypto_aead_setauthsize(struct crypto_aead *tfm, unsigned int authsize); static inline struct crypto_aead *crypto_aead_reqtfm(struct aead_request *req) { return __crypto_aead_cast(req->base.tfm); } /** * crypto_aead_encrypt() - encrypt plaintext * @req: reference to the aead_request handle that holds all information * needed to perform the cipher operation * * Encrypt plaintext data using the aead_request handle. That data structure * and how it is filled with data is discussed with the aead_request_* * functions. * * IMPORTANT NOTE The encryption operation creates the authentication data / * tag. That data is concatenated with the created ciphertext. * The ciphertext memory size is therefore the given number of * block cipher blocks + the size defined by the * crypto_aead_setauthsize invocation. The caller must ensure * that sufficient memory is available for the ciphertext and * the authentication tag. * * Return: 0 if the cipher operation was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ int crypto_aead_encrypt(struct aead_request *req); /** * crypto_aead_decrypt() - decrypt ciphertext * @req: reference to the aead_request handle that holds all information * needed to perform the cipher operation * * Decrypt ciphertext data using the aead_request handle. That data structure * and how it is filled with data is discussed with the aead_request_* * functions. * * IMPORTANT NOTE The caller must concatenate the ciphertext followed by the * authentication data / tag. That authentication data / tag * must have the size defined by the crypto_aead_setauthsize * invocation. * * * Return: 0 if the cipher operation was successful; -EBADMSG: The AEAD * cipher operation performs the authentication of the data during the * decryption operation. Therefore, the function returns this error if * the authentication of the ciphertext was unsuccessful (i.e. the * integrity of the ciphertext or the associated data was violated); * < 0 if an error occurred. */ int crypto_aead_decrypt(struct aead_request *req); /** * DOC: Asynchronous AEAD Request Handle * * The aead_request data structure contains all pointers to data required for * the AEAD cipher operation. This includes the cipher handle (which can be * used by multiple aead_request instances), pointer to plaintext and * ciphertext, asynchronous callback function, etc. It acts as a handle to the * aead_request_* API calls in a similar way as AEAD handle to the * crypto_aead_* API calls. */ /** * crypto_aead_reqsize() - obtain size of the request data structure * @tfm: cipher handle * * Return: number of bytes */ static inline unsigned int crypto_aead_reqsize(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { return tfm->reqsize; } /** * aead_request_set_tfm() - update cipher handle reference in request * @req: request handle to be modified * @tfm: cipher handle that shall be added to the request handle * * Allow the caller to replace the existing aead handle in the request * data structure with a different one. */ static inline void aead_request_set_tfm(struct aead_request *req, struct crypto_aead *tfm) { req->base.tfm = crypto_aead_tfm(tfm); } /** * aead_request_alloc() - allocate request data structure * @tfm: cipher handle to be registered with the request * @gfp: memory allocation flag that is handed to kmalloc by the API call. * * Allocate the request data structure that must be used with the AEAD * encrypt and decrypt API calls. During the allocation, the provided aead * handle is registered in the request data structure. * * Return: allocated request handle in case of success, or NULL if out of memory */ static inline struct aead_request *aead_request_alloc(struct crypto_aead *tfm, gfp_t gfp) { struct aead_request *req; req = kmalloc(sizeof(*req) + crypto_aead_reqsize(tfm), gfp); if (likely(req)) aead_request_set_tfm(req, tfm); return req; } /** * aead_request_free() - zeroize and free request data structure * @req: request data structure cipher handle to be freed */ static inline void aead_request_free(struct aead_request *req) { kfree_sensitive(req); } /** * aead_request_set_callback() - set asynchronous callback function * @req: request handle * @flags: specify zero or an ORing of the flags * CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_BACKLOG the request queue may back log and * increase the wait queue beyond the initial maximum size; * CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_SLEEP the request processing may sleep * @compl: callback function pointer to be registered with the request handle * @data: The data pointer refers to memory that is not used by the kernel * crypto API, but provided to the callback function for it to use. Here, * the caller can provide a reference to memory the callback function can * operate on. As the callback function is invoked asynchronously to the * related functionality, it may need to access data structures of the * related functionality which can be referenced using this pointer. The * callback function can access the memory via the "data" field in the * crypto_async_request data structure provided to the callback function. * * Setting the callback function that is triggered once the cipher operation * completes * * The callback function is registered with the aead_request handle and * must comply with the following template:: * * void callback_function(struct crypto_async_request *req, int error) */ static inline void aead_request_set_callback(struct aead_request *req, u32 flags, crypto_completion_t compl, void *data) { req->base.complete = compl; req->base.data = data; req->base.flags = flags; } /** * aead_request_set_crypt - set data buffers * @req: request handle * @src: source scatter / gather list * @dst: destination scatter / gather list * @cryptlen: number of bytes to process from @src * @iv: IV for the cipher operation which must comply with the IV size defined * by crypto_aead_ivsize() * * Setting the source data and destination data scatter / gather lists which * hold the associated data concatenated with the plaintext or ciphertext. See * below for the authentication tag. * * For encryption, the source is treated as the plaintext and the * destination is the ciphertext. For a decryption operation, the use is * reversed - the source is the ciphertext and the destination is the plaintext. * * The memory structure for cipher operation has the following structure: * * - AEAD encryption input: assoc data || plaintext * - AEAD encryption output: assoc data || cipherntext || auth tag * - AEAD decryption input: assoc data || ciphertext || auth tag * - AEAD decryption output: assoc data || plaintext * * Albeit the kernel requires the presence of the AAD buffer, however, * the kernel does not fill the AAD buffer in the output case. If the * caller wants to have that data buffer filled, the caller must either * use an in-place cipher operation (i.e. same memory location for * input/output memory location). */ static inline void aead_request_set_crypt(struct aead_request *req, struct scatterlist *src, struct scatterlist *dst, unsigned int cryptlen, u8 *iv) { req->src = src; req->dst = dst; req->cryptlen = cryptlen; req->iv = iv; } /** * aead_request_set_ad - set associated data information * @req: request handle * @assoclen: number of bytes in associated data * * Setting the AD information. This function sets the length of * the associated data. */ static inline void aead_request_set_ad(struct aead_request *req, unsigned int assoclen) { req->assoclen = assoclen; } #endif /* _CRYPTO_AEAD_H */
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later /* * Copyright (C) 2008 Red Hat, Inc., Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com> */ /* * Basic idea behind the notification queue: An fsnotify group (like inotify) * sends the userspace notification about events asynchronously some time after * the event happened. When inotify gets an event it will need to add that * event to the group notify queue. Since a single event might need to be on * multiple group's notification queues we can't add the event directly to each * queue and instead add a small "event_holder" to each queue. This event_holder * has a pointer back to the original event. Since the majority of events are * going to end up on one, and only one, notification queue we embed one * event_holder into each event. This means we have a single allocation instead * of always needing two. If the embedded event_holder is already in use by * another group a new event_holder (from fsnotify_event_holder_cachep) will be * allocated and used. */ #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/namei.h> #include <linux/path.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/fsnotify_backend.h> #include "fsnotify.h" static atomic_t fsnotify_sync_cookie = ATOMIC_INIT(0); /** * fsnotify_get_cookie - return a unique cookie for use in synchronizing events. * Called from fsnotify_move, which is inlined into filesystem modules. */ u32 fsnotify_get_cookie(void) { return atomic_inc_return(&fsnotify_sync_cookie); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fsnotify_get_cookie); /* return true if the notify queue is empty, false otherwise */ bool fsnotify_notify_queue_is_empty(struct fsnotify_group *group) { assert_spin_locked(&group->notification_lock); return list_empty(&group->notification_list) ? true : false; } void fsnotify_destroy_event(struct fsnotify_group *group, struct fsnotify_event *event) { /* Overflow events are per-group and we don't want to free them */ if (!event || event == group->overflow_event) return; /* * If the event is still queued, we have a problem... Do an unreliable * lockless check first to avoid locking in the common case. The * locking may be necessary for permission events which got removed * from the list by a different CPU than the one freeing the event. */ if (!list_empty(&event->list)) { spin_lock(&group->notification_lock); WARN_ON(!list_empty(&event->list)); spin_unlock(&group->notification_lock); } group->ops->free_event(event); } /* * Add an event to the group notification queue. The group can later pull this * event off the queue to deal with. The function returns 0 if the event was * added to the queue, 1 if the event was merged with some other queued event, * 2 if the event was not queued - either the queue of events has overflown * or the group is shutting down. */ int fsnotify_add_event(struct fsnotify_group *group, struct fsnotify_event *event, int (*merge)(struct list_head *, struct fsnotify_event *)) { int ret = 0; struct list_head *list = &group->notification_list; pr_debug("%s: group=%p event=%p\n", __func__, group, event); spin_lock(&group->notification_lock); if (group->shutdown) { spin_unlock(&group->notification_lock); return 2; } if (event == group->overflow_event || group->q_len >= group->max_events) { ret = 2; /* Queue overflow event only if it isn't already queued */ if (!list_empty(&group->overflow_event->list)) { spin_unlock(&group->notification_lock); return ret; } event = group->overflow_event; goto queue; } if (!list_empty(list) && merge) { ret = merge(list, event); if (ret) { spin_unlock(&group->notification_lock); return ret; } } queue: group->q_len++; list_add_tail(&event->list, list); spin_unlock(&group->notification_lock); wake_up(&group->notification_waitq); kill_fasync(&group->fsn_fa, SIGIO, POLL_IN); return ret; } void fsnotify_remove_queued_event(struct fsnotify_group *group, struct fsnotify_event *event) { assert_spin_locked(&group->notification_lock); /* * We need to init list head for the case of overflow event so that * check in fsnotify_add_event() works */ list_del_init(&event->list); group->q_len--; } /* * Remove and return the first event from the notification list. It is the * responsibility of the caller to destroy the obtained event */ struct fsnotify_event *fsnotify_remove_first_event(struct fsnotify_group *group) { struct fsnotify_event *event; assert_spin_locked(&group->notification_lock); pr_debug("%s: group=%p\n", __func__, group); event = list_first_entry(&group->notification_list, struct fsnotify_event, list); fsnotify_remove_queued_event(group, event); return event; } /* * This will not remove the event, that must be done with * fsnotify_remove_first_event() */ struct fsnotify_event *fsnotify_peek_first_event(struct fsnotify_group *group) { assert_spin_locked(&group->notification_lock); return list_first_entry(&group->notification_list, struct fsnotify_event, list); } /* * Called when a group is being torn down to clean up any outstanding * event notifications. */ void fsnotify_flush_notify(struct fsnotify_group *group) { struct fsnotify_event *event; spin_lock(&group->notification_lock); while (!fsnotify_notify_queue_is_empty(group)) { event = fsnotify_remove_first_event(group); spin_unlock(&group->notification_lock); fsnotify_destroy_event(group, event); spin_lock(&group->notification_lock); } spin_unlock(&group->notification_lock); }
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_MMU_CONTEXT_H #define _ASM_X86_MMU_CONTEXT_H #include <asm/desc.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/pkeys.h> #include <trace/events/tlb.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include <asm/paravirt.h> #include <asm/debugreg.h> extern atomic64_t last_mm_ctx_id; #ifndef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL static inline void paravirt_activate_mm(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next) { } #endif /* !CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL */ #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(rdpmc_never_available_key); DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(rdpmc_always_available_key); void cr4_update_pce(void *ignored); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MODIFY_LDT_SYSCALL /* * ldt_structs can be allocated, used, and freed, but they are never * modified while live. */ struct ldt_struct { /* * Xen requires page-aligned LDTs with special permissions. This is * needed to prevent us from installing evil descriptors such as * call gates. On native, we could merge the ldt_struct and LDT * allocations, but it's not worth trying to optimize. */ struct desc_struct *entries; unsigned int nr_entries; /* * If PTI is in use, then the entries array is not mapped while we're * in user mode. The whole array will be aliased at the addressed * given by ldt_slot_va(slot). We use two slots so that we can allocate * and map, and enable a new LDT without invalidating the mapping * of an older, still-in-use LDT. * * slot will be -1 if this LDT doesn't have an alias mapping. */ int slot; }; /* * Used for LDT copy/destruction. */ static inline void init_new_context_ldt(struct mm_struct *mm) { mm->context.ldt = NULL; init_rwsem(&mm->context.ldt_usr_sem); } int ldt_dup_context(struct mm_struct *oldmm, struct mm_struct *mm); void destroy_context_ldt(struct mm_struct *mm); void ldt_arch_exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm); #else /* CONFIG_MODIFY_LDT_SYSCALL */ static inline void init_new_context_ldt(struct mm_struct *mm) { } static inline int ldt_dup_context(struct mm_struct *oldmm, struct mm_struct *mm) { return 0; } static inline void destroy_context_ldt(struct mm_struct *mm) { } static inline void ldt_arch_exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MODIFY_LDT_SYSCALL extern void load_mm_ldt(struct mm_struct *mm); extern void switch_ldt(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next); #else static inline void load_mm_ldt(struct mm_struct *mm) { clear_LDT(); } static inline void switch_ldt(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next) { DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(preemptible()); } #endif extern void enter_lazy_tlb(struct mm_struct *mm, struct task_struct *tsk); /* * Init a new mm. Used on mm copies, like at fork() * and on mm's that are brand-new, like at execve(). */ static inline int init_new_context(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm) { mutex_init(&mm->context.lock); mm->context.ctx_id = atomic64_inc_return(&last_mm_ctx_id); atomic64_set(&mm->context.tlb_gen, 0); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_MEMORY_PROTECTION_KEYS if (cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) { /* pkey 0 is the default and allocated implicitly */ mm->context.pkey_allocation_map = 0x1; /* -1 means unallocated or invalid */ mm->context.execute_only_pkey = -1; } #endif init_new_context_ldt(mm); return 0; } static inline void destroy_context(struct mm_struct *mm) { destroy_context_ldt(mm); } extern void switch_mm(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next, struct task_struct *tsk); extern void switch_mm_irqs_off(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next, struct task_struct *tsk); #define switch_mm_irqs_off switch_mm_irqs_off #define activate_mm(prev, next) \ do { \ paravirt_activate_mm((prev), (next)); \ switch_mm((prev), (next), NULL); \ } while (0); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 #define deactivate_mm(tsk, mm) \ do { \ lazy_load_gs(0); \ } while (0) #else #define deactivate_mm(tsk, mm) \ do { \ load_gs_index(0); \ loadsegment(fs, 0); \ } while (0) #endif static inline void arch_dup_pkeys(struct mm_struct *oldmm, struct mm_struct *mm) { #ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_MEMORY_PROTECTION_KEYS if (!cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) return; /* Duplicate the oldmm pkey state in mm: */ mm->context.pkey_allocation_map = oldmm->context.pkey_allocation_map; mm->context.execute_only_pkey = oldmm->context.execute_only_pkey; #endif } static inline int arch_dup_mmap(struct mm_struct *oldmm, struct mm_struct *mm) { arch_dup_pkeys(oldmm, mm); paravirt_arch_dup_mmap(oldmm, mm); return ldt_dup_context(oldmm, mm); } static inline void arch_exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm) { paravirt_arch_exit_mmap(mm); ldt_arch_exit_mmap(mm); } #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 static inline bool is_64bit_mm(struct mm_struct *mm) { return !IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IA32_EMULATION) || !(mm->context.ia32_compat == TIF_IA32); } #else static inline bool is_64bit_mm(struct mm_struct *mm) { return false; } #endif static inline void arch_unmap(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { } /* * We only want to enforce protection keys on the current process * because we effectively have no access to PKRU for other * processes or any way to tell *which * PKRU in a threaded * process we could use. * * So do not enforce things if the VMA is not from the current * mm, or if we are in a kernel thread. */ static inline bool arch_vma_access_permitted(struct vm_area_struct *vma, bool write, bool execute, bool foreign) { /* pkeys never affect instruction fetches */ if (execute) return true; /* allow access if the VMA is not one from this process */ if (foreign || vma_is_foreign(vma)) return true; return __pkru_allows_pkey(vma_pkey(vma), write); } unsigned long __get_current_cr3_fast(void); #endif /* _ASM_X86_MMU_CONTEXT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * include/linux/eventfd.h * * Copyright (C) 2007 Davide Libenzi <davidel@xmailserver.org> * */ #ifndef _LINUX_EVENTFD_H #define _LINUX_EVENTFD_H #include <linux/fcntl.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/percpu-defs.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> /* * CAREFUL: Check include/uapi/asm-generic/fcntl.h when defining * new flags, since they might collide with O_* ones. We want * to re-use O_* flags that couldn't possibly have a meaning * from eventfd, in order to leave a free define-space for * shared O_* flags. */ #define EFD_SEMAPHORE (1 << 0) #define EFD_CLOEXEC O_CLOEXEC #define EFD_NONBLOCK O_NONBLOCK #define EFD_SHARED_FCNTL_FLAGS (O_CLOEXEC | O_NONBLOCK) #define EFD_FLAGS_SET (EFD_SHARED_FCNTL_FLAGS | EFD_SEMAPHORE) struct eventfd_ctx; struct file; #ifdef CONFIG_EVENTFD void eventfd_ctx_put(struct eventfd_ctx *ctx); struct file *eventfd_fget(int fd); struct eventfd_ctx *eventfd_ctx_fdget(int fd); struct eventfd_ctx *eventfd_ctx_fileget(struct file *file); __u64 eventfd_signal(struct eventfd_ctx *ctx, __u64 n); int eventfd_ctx_remove_wait_queue(struct eventfd_ctx *ctx, wait_queue_entry_t *wait, __u64 *cnt); DECLARE_PER_CPU(int, eventfd_wake_count); static inline bool eventfd_signal_count(void) { return this_cpu_read(eventfd_wake_count); } #else /* CONFIG_EVENTFD */ /* * Ugly ugly ugly error layer to support modules that uses eventfd but * pretend to work in !CONFIG_EVENTFD configurations. Namely, AIO. */ static inline struct eventfd_ctx *eventfd_ctx_fdget(int fd) { return ERR_PTR(-ENOSYS); } static inline int eventfd_signal(struct eventfd_ctx *ctx, int n) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline void eventfd_ctx_put(struct eventfd_ctx *ctx) { } static inline int eventfd_ctx_remove_wait_queue(struct eventfd_ctx *ctx, wait_queue_entry_t *wait, __u64 *cnt) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline bool eventfd_signal_count(void) { return false; } #endif #endif /* _LINUX_EVENTFD_H */
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1413 1414 1415 1416 1417 1418 1419 1420 1421 1422 1423 1424 1425 1426 1427 1428 1429 1430 1431 1432 1433 1434 1435 1436 1437 1438 1439 1440 1441 1442 1443 1444 1445 1446 1447 1448 1449 1450 1451 1452 1453 1454 1455 1456 1457 1458 1459 1460 1461 1462 1463 1464 1465 1466 1467 1468 1469 1470 1471 1472 1473 1474 1475 1476 1477 1478 1479 1480 1481 1482 1483 1484 1485 1486 1487 1488 1489 1490 1491 1492 1493 1494 1495 1496 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * Copyright (C) 1995 Linus Torvalds * Copyright (C) 2001, 2002 Andi Kleen, SuSE Labs. * Copyright (C) 2008-2009, Red Hat Inc., Ingo Molnar */ #include <linux/sched.h> /* test_thread_flag(), ... */ #include <linux/sched/task_stack.h> /* task_stack_*(), ... */ #include <linux/kdebug.h> /* oops_begin/end, ... */ #include <linux/extable.h> /* search_exception_tables */ #include <linux/memblock.h> /* max_low_pfn */ #include <linux/kprobes.h> /* NOKPROBE_SYMBOL, ... */ #include <linux/mmiotrace.h> /* kmmio_handler, ... */ #include <linux/perf_event.h> /* perf_sw_event */ #include <linux/hugetlb.h> /* hstate_index_to_shift */ #include <linux/prefetch.h> /* prefetchw */ #include <linux/context_tracking.h> /* exception_enter(), ... */ #include <linux/uaccess.h> /* faulthandler_disabled() */ #include <linux/efi.h> /* efi_recover_from_page_fault()*/ #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <asm/cpufeature.h> /* boot_cpu_has, ... */ #include <asm/traps.h> /* dotraplinkage, ... */ #include <asm/fixmap.h> /* VSYSCALL_ADDR */ #include <asm/vsyscall.h> /* emulate_vsyscall */ #include <asm/vm86.h> /* struct vm86 */ #include <asm/mmu_context.h> /* vma_pkey() */ #include <asm/efi.h> /* efi_recover_from_page_fault()*/ #include <asm/desc.h> /* store_idt(), ... */ #include <asm/cpu_entry_area.h> /* exception stack */ #include <asm/pgtable_areas.h> /* VMALLOC_START, ... */ #include <asm/kvm_para.h> /* kvm_handle_async_pf */ #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <asm/trace/exceptions.h> /* * Returns 0 if mmiotrace is disabled, or if the fault is not * handled by mmiotrace: */ static nokprobe_inline int kmmio_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long addr) { if (unlikely(is_kmmio_active())) if (kmmio_handler(regs, addr) == 1) return -1; return 0; } /* * Prefetch quirks: * * 32-bit mode: * * Sometimes AMD Athlon/Opteron CPUs report invalid exceptions on prefetch. * Check that here and ignore it. This is AMD erratum #91. * * 64-bit mode: * * Sometimes the CPU reports invalid exceptions on prefetch. * Check that here and ignore it. * * Opcode checker based on code by Richard Brunner. */ static inline int check_prefetch_opcode(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned char *instr, unsigned char opcode, int *prefetch) { unsigned char instr_hi = opcode & 0xf0; unsigned char instr_lo = opcode & 0x0f; switch (instr_hi) { case 0x20: case 0x30: /* * Values 0x26,0x2E,0x36,0x3E are valid x86 prefixes. * In X86_64 long mode, the CPU will signal invalid * opcode if some of these prefixes are present so * X86_64 will never get here anyway */ return ((instr_lo & 7) == 0x6); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 case 0x40: /* * In 64-bit mode 0x40..0x4F are valid REX prefixes */ return (!user_mode(regs) || user_64bit_mode(regs)); #endif case 0x60: /* 0x64 thru 0x67 are valid prefixes in all modes. */ return (instr_lo & 0xC) == 0x4; case 0xF0: /* 0xF0, 0xF2, 0xF3 are valid prefixes in all modes. */ return !instr_lo || (instr_lo>>1) == 1; case 0x00: /* Prefetch instruction is 0x0F0D or 0x0F18 */ if (get_kernel_nofault(opcode, instr)) return 0; *prefetch = (instr_lo == 0xF) && (opcode == 0x0D || opcode == 0x18); return 0; default: return 0; } } static int is_prefetch(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long addr) { unsigned char *max_instr; unsigned char *instr; int prefetch = 0; /* * If it was a exec (instruction fetch) fault on NX page, then * do not ignore the fault: */ if (error_code & X86_PF_INSTR) return 0; instr = (void *)convert_ip_to_linear(current, regs); max_instr = instr + 15; /* * This code has historically always bailed out if IP points to a * not-present page (e.g. due to a race). No one has ever * complained about this. */ pagefault_disable(); while (instr < max_instr) { unsigned char opcode; if (user_mode(regs)) { if (get_user(opcode, instr)) break; } else { if (get_kernel_nofault(opcode, instr)) break; } instr++; if (!check_prefetch_opcode(regs, instr, opcode, &prefetch)) break; } pagefault_enable(); return prefetch; } DEFINE_SPINLOCK(pgd_lock); LIST_HEAD(pgd_list); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 static inline pmd_t *vmalloc_sync_one(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { unsigned index = pgd_index(address); pgd_t *pgd_k; p4d_t *p4d, *p4d_k; pud_t *pud, *pud_k; pmd_t *pmd, *pmd_k; pgd += index; pgd_k = init_mm.pgd + index; if (!pgd_present(*pgd_k)) return NULL; /* * set_pgd(pgd, *pgd_k); here would be useless on PAE * and redundant with the set_pmd() on non-PAE. As would * set_p4d/set_pud. */ p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, address); p4d_k = p4d_offset(pgd_k, address); if (!p4d_present(*p4d_k)) return NULL; pud = pud_offset(p4d, address); pud_k = pud_offset(p4d_k, address); if (!pud_present(*pud_k)) return NULL; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address); pmd_k = pmd_offset(pud_k, address); if (pmd_present(*pmd) != pmd_present(*pmd_k)) set_pmd(pmd, *pmd_k); if (!pmd_present(*pmd_k)) return NULL; else BUG_ON(pmd_pfn(*pmd) != pmd_pfn(*pmd_k)); return pmd_k; } /* * Handle a fault on the vmalloc or module mapping area * * This is needed because there is a race condition between the time * when the vmalloc mapping code updates the PMD to the point in time * where it synchronizes this update with the other page-tables in the * system. * * In this race window another thread/CPU can map an area on the same * PMD, finds it already present and does not synchronize it with the * rest of the system yet. As a result v[mz]alloc might return areas * which are not mapped in every page-table in the system, causing an * unhandled page-fault when they are accessed. */ static noinline int vmalloc_fault(unsigned long address) { unsigned long pgd_paddr; pmd_t *pmd_k; pte_t *pte_k; /* Make sure we are in vmalloc area: */ if (!(address >= VMALLOC_START && address < VMALLOC_END)) return -1; /* * Synchronize this task's top level page-table * with the 'reference' page table. * * Do _not_ use "current" here. We might be inside * an interrupt in the middle of a task switch.. */ pgd_paddr = read_cr3_pa(); pmd_k = vmalloc_sync_one(__va(pgd_paddr), address); if (!pmd_k) return -1; if (pmd_large(*pmd_k)) return 0; pte_k = pte_offset_kernel(pmd_k, address); if (!pte_present(*pte_k)) return -1; return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(vmalloc_fault); void arch_sync_kernel_mappings(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { unsigned long addr; for (addr = start & PMD_MASK; addr >= TASK_SIZE_MAX && addr < VMALLOC_END; addr += PMD_SIZE) { struct page *page; spin_lock(&pgd_lock); list_for_each_entry(page, &pgd_list, lru) { spinlock_t *pgt_lock; /* the pgt_lock only for Xen */ pgt_lock = &pgd_page_get_mm(page)->page_table_lock; spin_lock(pgt_lock); vmalloc_sync_one(page_address(page), addr); spin_unlock(pgt_lock); } spin_unlock(&pgd_lock); } } /* * Did it hit the DOS screen memory VA from vm86 mode? */ static inline void check_v8086_mode(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address, struct task_struct *tsk) { #ifdef CONFIG_VM86 unsigned long bit; if (!v8086_mode(regs) || !tsk->thread.vm86) return; bit = (address - 0xA0000) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (bit < 32) tsk->thread.vm86->screen_bitmap |= 1 << bit; #endif } static bool low_pfn(unsigned long pfn) { return pfn < max_low_pfn; } static void dump_pagetable(unsigned long address) { pgd_t *base = __va(read_cr3_pa()); pgd_t *pgd = &base[pgd_index(address)]; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pte_t *pte; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE pr_info("*pdpt = %016Lx ", pgd_val(*pgd)); if (!low_pfn(pgd_val(*pgd) >> PAGE_SHIFT) || !pgd_present(*pgd)) goto out; #define pr_pde pr_cont #else #define pr_pde pr_info #endif p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, address); pud = pud_offset(p4d, address); pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address); pr_pde("*pde = %0*Lx ", sizeof(*pmd) * 2, (u64)pmd_val(*pmd)); #undef pr_pde /* * We must not directly access the pte in the highpte * case if the page table is located in highmem. * And let's rather not kmap-atomic the pte, just in case * it's allocated already: */ if (!low_pfn(pmd_pfn(*pmd)) || !pmd_present(*pmd) || pmd_large(*pmd)) goto out; pte = pte_offset_kernel(pmd, address); pr_cont("*pte = %0*Lx ", sizeof(*pte) * 2, (u64)pte_val(*pte)); out: pr_cont("\n"); } #else /* CONFIG_X86_64: */ #ifdef CONFIG_CPU_SUP_AMD static const char errata93_warning[] = KERN_ERR "******* Your BIOS seems to not contain a fix for K8 errata #93\n" "******* Working around it, but it may cause SEGVs or burn power.\n" "******* Please consider a BIOS update.\n" "******* Disabling USB legacy in the BIOS may also help.\n"; #endif /* * No vm86 mode in 64-bit mode: */ static inline void check_v8086_mode(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address, struct task_struct *tsk) { } static int bad_address(void *p) { unsigned long dummy; return get_kernel_nofault(dummy, (unsigned long *)p); } static void dump_pagetable(unsigned long address) { pgd_t *base = __va(read_cr3_pa()); pgd_t *pgd = base + pgd_index(address); p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pte_t *pte; if (bad_address(pgd)) goto bad; pr_info("PGD %lx ", pgd_val(*pgd)); if (!pgd_present(*pgd)) goto out; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, address); if (bad_address(p4d)) goto bad; pr_cont("P4D %lx ", p4d_val(*p4d)); if (!p4d_present(*p4d) || p4d_large(*p4d)) goto out; pud = pud_offset(p4d, address); if (bad_address(pud)) goto bad; pr_cont("PUD %lx ", pud_val(*pud)); if (!pud_present(*pud) || pud_large(*pud)) goto out; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address); if (bad_address(pmd)) goto bad; pr_cont("PMD %lx ", pmd_val(*pmd)); if (!pmd_present(*pmd) || pmd_large(*pmd)) goto out; pte = pte_offset_kernel(pmd, address); if (bad_address(pte)) goto bad; pr_cont("PTE %lx", pte_val(*pte)); out: pr_cont("\n"); return; bad: pr_info("BAD\n"); } #endif /* CONFIG_X86_64 */ /* * Workaround for K8 erratum #93 & buggy BIOS. * * BIOS SMM functions are required to use a specific workaround * to avoid corruption of the 64bit RIP register on C stepping K8. * * A lot of BIOS that didn't get tested properly miss this. * * The OS sees this as a page fault with the upper 32bits of RIP cleared. * Try to work around it here. * * Note we only handle faults in kernel here. * Does nothing on 32-bit. */ static int is_errata93(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address) { #if defined(CONFIG_X86_64) && defined(CONFIG_CPU_SUP_AMD) if (boot_cpu_data.x86_vendor != X86_VENDOR_AMD || boot_cpu_data.x86 != 0xf) return 0; if (address != regs->ip) return 0; if ((address >> 32) != 0) return 0; address |= 0xffffffffUL << 32; if ((address >= (u64)_stext && address <= (u64)_etext) || (address >= MODULES_VADDR && address <= MODULES_END)) { printk_once(errata93_warning); regs->ip = address; return 1; } #endif return 0; } /* * Work around K8 erratum #100 K8 in compat mode occasionally jumps * to illegal addresses >4GB. * * We catch this in the page fault handler because these addresses * are not reachable. Just detect this case and return. Any code * segment in LDT is compatibility mode. */ static int is_errata100(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address) { #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 if ((regs->cs == __USER32_CS || (regs->cs & (1<<2))) && (address >> 32)) return 1; #endif return 0; } /* Pentium F0 0F C7 C8 bug workaround: */ static int is_f00f_bug(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address) { #ifdef CONFIG_X86_F00F_BUG if (boot_cpu_has_bug(X86_BUG_F00F) && idt_is_f00f_address(address)) { handle_invalid_op(regs); return 1; } #endif return 0; } static void show_ldttss(const struct desc_ptr *gdt, const char *name, u16 index) { u32 offset = (index >> 3) * sizeof(struct desc_struct); unsigned long addr; struct ldttss_desc desc; if (index == 0) { pr_alert("%s: NULL\n", name); return; } if (offset + sizeof(struct ldttss_desc) >= gdt->size) { pr_alert("%s: 0x%hx -- out of bounds\n", name, index); return; } if (copy_from_kernel_nofault(&desc, (void *)(gdt->address + offset), sizeof(struct ldttss_desc))) { pr_alert("%s: 0x%hx -- GDT entry is not readable\n", name, index); return; } addr = desc.base0 | (desc.base1 << 16) | ((unsigned long)desc.base2 << 24); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 addr |= ((u64)desc.base3 << 32); #endif pr_alert("%s: 0x%hx -- base=0x%lx limit=0x%x\n", name, index, addr, (desc.limit0 | (desc.limit1 << 16))); } static void show_fault_oops(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address) { if (!oops_may_print()) return; if (error_code & X86_PF_INSTR) { unsigned int level; pgd_t *pgd; pte_t *pte; pgd = __va(read_cr3_pa()); pgd += pgd_index(address); pte = lookup_address_in_pgd(pgd, address, &level); if (pte && pte_present(*pte) && !pte_exec(*pte)) pr_crit("kernel tried to execute NX-protected page - exploit attempt? (uid: %d)\n", from_kuid(&init_user_ns, current_uid())); if (pte && pte_present(*pte) && pte_exec(*pte) && (pgd_flags(*pgd) & _PAGE_USER) && (__read_cr4() & X86_CR4_SMEP)) pr_crit("unable to execute userspace code (SMEP?) (uid: %d)\n", from_kuid(&init_user_ns, current_uid())); } if (address < PAGE_SIZE && !user_mode(regs)) pr_alert("BUG: kernel NULL pointer dereference, address: %px\n", (void *)address); else pr_alert("BUG: unable to handle page fault for address: %px\n", (void *)address); pr_alert("#PF: %s %s in %s mode\n", (error_code & X86_PF_USER) ? "user" : "supervisor", (error_code & X86_PF_INSTR) ? "instruction fetch" : (error_code & X86_PF_WRITE) ? "write access" : "read access", user_mode(regs) ? "user" : "kernel"); pr_alert("#PF: error_code(0x%04lx) - %s\n", error_code, !(error_code & X86_PF_PROT) ? "not-present page" : (error_code & X86_PF_RSVD) ? "reserved bit violation" : (error_code & X86_PF_PK) ? "protection keys violation" : "permissions violation"); if (!(error_code & X86_PF_USER) && user_mode(regs)) { struct desc_ptr idt, gdt; u16 ldtr, tr; /* * This can happen for quite a few reasons. The more obvious * ones are faults accessing the GDT, or LDT. Perhaps * surprisingly, if the CPU tries to deliver a benign or * contributory exception from user code and gets a page fault * during delivery, the page fault can be delivered as though * it originated directly from user code. This could happen * due to wrong permissions on the IDT, GDT, LDT, TSS, or * kernel or IST stack. */ store_idt(&idt); /* Usable even on Xen PV -- it's just slow. */ native_store_gdt(&gdt); pr_alert("IDT: 0x%lx (limit=0x%hx) GDT: 0x%lx (limit=0x%hx)\n", idt.address, idt.size, gdt.address, gdt.size); store_ldt(ldtr); show_ldttss(&gdt, "LDTR", ldtr); store_tr(tr); show_ldttss(&gdt, "TR", tr); } dump_pagetable(address); } static noinline void pgtable_bad(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address) { struct task_struct *tsk; unsigned long flags; int sig; flags = oops_begin(); tsk = current; sig = SIGKILL; printk(KERN_ALERT "%s: Corrupted page table at address %lx\n", tsk->comm, address); dump_pagetable(address); if (__die("Bad pagetable", regs, error_code)) sig = 0; oops_end(flags, regs, sig); } static void set_signal_archinfo(unsigned long address, unsigned long error_code) { struct task_struct *tsk = current; /* * To avoid leaking information about the kernel page * table layout, pretend that user-mode accesses to * kernel addresses are always protection faults. * * NB: This means that failed vsyscalls with vsyscall=none * will have the PROT bit. This doesn't leak any * information and does not appear to cause any problems. */ if (address >= TASK_SIZE_MAX) error_code |= X86_PF_PROT; tsk->thread.trap_nr = X86_TRAP_PF; tsk->thread.error_code = error_code | X86_PF_USER; tsk->thread.cr2 = address; } static noinline void no_context(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address, int signal, int si_code) { struct task_struct *tsk = current; unsigned long flags; int sig; if (user_mode(regs)) { /* * This is an implicit supervisor-mode access from user * mode. Bypass all the kernel-mode recovery code and just * OOPS. */ goto oops; } /* Are we prepared to handle this kernel fault? */ if (fixup_exception(regs, X86_TRAP_PF, error_code, address)) { /* * Any interrupt that takes a fault gets the fixup. This makes * the below recursive fault logic only apply to a faults from * task context. */ if (in_interrupt()) return; /* * Per the above we're !in_interrupt(), aka. task context. * * In this case we need to make sure we're not recursively * faulting through the emulate_vsyscall() logic. */ if (current->thread.sig_on_uaccess_err && signal) { set_signal_archinfo(address, error_code); /* XXX: hwpoison faults will set the wrong code. */ force_sig_fault(signal, si_code, (void __user *)address); } /* * Barring that, we can do the fixup and be happy. */ return; } #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK /* * Stack overflow? During boot, we can fault near the initial * stack in the direct map, but that's not an overflow -- check * that we're in vmalloc space to avoid this. */ if (is_vmalloc_addr((void *)address) && (((unsigned long)tsk->stack - 1 - address < PAGE_SIZE) || address - ((unsigned long)tsk->stack + THREAD_SIZE) < PAGE_SIZE)) { unsigned long stack = __this_cpu_ist_top_va(DF) - sizeof(void *); /* * We're likely to be running with very little stack space * left. It's plausible that we'd hit this condition but * double-fault even before we get this far, in which case * we're fine: the double-fault handler will deal with it. * * We don't want to make it all the way into the oops code * and then double-fault, though, because we're likely to * break the console driver and lose most of the stack dump. */ asm volatile ("movq %[stack], %%rsp\n\t" "call handle_stack_overflow\n\t" "1: jmp 1b" : ASM_CALL_CONSTRAINT : "D" ("kernel stack overflow (page fault)"), "S" (regs), "d" (address), [stack] "rm" (stack)); unreachable(); } #endif /* * 32-bit: * * Valid to do another page fault here, because if this fault * had been triggered by is_prefetch fixup_exception would have * handled it. * * 64-bit: * * Hall of shame of CPU/BIOS bugs. */ if (is_prefetch(regs, error_code, address)) return; if (is_errata93(regs, address)) return; /* * Buggy firmware could access regions which might page fault, try to * recover from such faults. */ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_EFI)) efi_recover_from_page_fault(address); oops: /* * Oops. The kernel tried to access some bad page. We'll have to * terminate things with extreme prejudice: */ flags = oops_begin(); show_fault_oops(regs, error_code, address); if (task_stack_end_corrupted(tsk)) printk(KERN_EMERG "Thread overran stack, or stack corrupted\n"); sig = SIGKILL; if (__die("Oops", regs, error_code)) sig = 0; /* Executive summary in case the body of the oops scrolled away */ printk(KERN_DEFAULT "CR2: %016lx\n", address); oops_end(flags, regs, sig); } /* * Print out info about fatal segfaults, if the show_unhandled_signals * sysctl is set: */ static inline void show_signal_msg(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address, struct task_struct *tsk) { const char *loglvl = task_pid_nr(tsk) > 1 ? KERN_INFO : KERN_EMERG; if (!unhandled_signal(tsk, SIGSEGV)) return; if (!printk_ratelimit()) return; printk("%s%s[%d]: segfault at %lx ip %px sp %px error %lx", loglvl, tsk->comm, task_pid_nr(tsk), address, (void *)regs->ip, (void *)regs->sp, error_code); print_vma_addr(KERN_CONT " in ", regs->ip); printk(KERN_CONT "\n"); show_opcodes(regs, loglvl); } /* * The (legacy) vsyscall page is the long page in the kernel portion * of the address space that has user-accessible permissions. */ static bool is_vsyscall_vaddr(unsigned long vaddr) { return unlikely((vaddr & PAGE_MASK) == VSYSCALL_ADDR); } static void __bad_area_nosemaphore(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address, u32 pkey, int si_code) { struct task_struct *tsk = current; /* User mode accesses just cause a SIGSEGV */ if (user_mode(regs) && (error_code & X86_PF_USER)) { /* * It's possible to have interrupts off here: */ local_irq_enable(); /* * Valid to do another page fault here because this one came * from user space: */ if (is_prefetch(regs, error_code, address)) return; if (is_errata100(regs, address)) return; /* * To avoid leaking information about the kernel page table * layout, pretend that user-mode accesses to kernel addresses * are always protection faults. */ if (address >= TASK_SIZE_MAX) error_code |= X86_PF_PROT; if (likely(show_unhandled_signals)) show_signal_msg(regs, error_code, address, tsk); set_signal_archinfo(address, error_code); if (si_code == SEGV_PKUERR) force_sig_pkuerr((void __user *)address, pkey); force_sig_fault(SIGSEGV, si_code, (void __user *)address); local_irq_disable(); return; } if (is_f00f_bug(regs, address)) return; no_context(regs, error_code, address, SIGSEGV, si_code); } static noinline void bad_area_nosemaphore(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address) { __bad_area_nosemaphore(regs, error_code, address, 0, SEGV_MAPERR); } static void __bad_area(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address, u32 pkey, int si_code) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; /* * Something tried to access memory that isn't in our memory map.. * Fix it, but check if it's kernel or user first.. */ mmap_read_unlock(mm); __bad_area_nosemaphore(regs, error_code, address, pkey, si_code); } static noinline void bad_area(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address) { __bad_area(regs, error_code, address, 0, SEGV_MAPERR); } static inline bool bad_area_access_from_pkeys(unsigned long error_code, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { /* This code is always called on the current mm */ bool foreign = false; if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) return false; if (error_code & X86_PF_PK) return true; /* this checks permission keys on the VMA: */ if (!arch_vma_access_permitted(vma, (error_code & X86_PF_WRITE), (error_code & X86_PF_INSTR), foreign)) return true; return false; } static noinline void bad_area_access_error(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { /* * This OSPKE check is not strictly necessary at runtime. * But, doing it this way allows compiler optimizations * if pkeys are compiled out. */ if (bad_area_access_from_pkeys(error_code, vma)) { /* * A protection key fault means that the PKRU value did not allow * access to some PTE. Userspace can figure out what PKRU was * from the XSAVE state. This function captures the pkey from * the vma and passes it to userspace so userspace can discover * which protection key was set on the PTE. * * If we get here, we know that the hardware signaled a X86_PF_PK * fault and that there was a VMA once we got in the fault * handler. It does *not* guarantee that the VMA we find here * was the one that we faulted on. * * 1. T1 : mprotect_key(foo, PAGE_SIZE, pkey=4); * 2. T1 : set PKRU to deny access to pkey=4, touches page * 3. T1 : faults... * 4. T2: mprotect_key(foo, PAGE_SIZE, pkey=5); * 5. T1 : enters fault handler, takes mmap_lock, etc... * 6. T1 : reaches here, sees vma_pkey(vma)=5, when we really * faulted on a pte with its pkey=4. */ u32 pkey = vma_pkey(vma); __bad_area(regs, error_code, address, pkey, SEGV_PKUERR); } else { __bad_area(regs, error_code, address, 0, SEGV_ACCERR); } } static void do_sigbus(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address, vm_fault_t fault) { /* Kernel mode? Handle exceptions or die: */ if (!(error_code & X86_PF_USER)) { no_context(regs, error_code, address, SIGBUS, BUS_ADRERR); return; } /* User-space => ok to do another page fault: */ if (is_prefetch(regs, error_code, address)) return; set_signal_archinfo(address, error_code); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_FAILURE if (fault & (VM_FAULT_HWPOISON|VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE)) { struct task_struct *tsk = current; unsigned lsb = 0; pr_err( "MCE: Killing %s:%d due to hardware memory corruption fault at %lx\n", tsk->comm, tsk->pid, address); if (fault & VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE) lsb = hstate_index_to_shift(VM_FAULT_GET_HINDEX(fault)); if (fault & VM_FAULT_HWPOISON) lsb = PAGE_SHIFT; force_sig_mceerr(BUS_MCEERR_AR, (void __user *)address, lsb); return; } #endif force_sig_fault(SIGBUS, BUS_ADRERR, (void __user *)address); } static noinline void mm_fault_error(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address, vm_fault_t fault) { if (fatal_signal_pending(current) && !(error_code & X86_PF_USER)) { no_context(regs, error_code, address, 0, 0); return; } if (fault & VM_FAULT_OOM) { /* Kernel mode? Handle exceptions or die: */ if (!(error_code & X86_PF_USER)) { no_context(regs, error_code, address, SIGSEGV, SEGV_MAPERR); return; } /* * We ran out of memory, call the OOM killer, and return the * userspace (which will retry the fault, or kill us if we got * oom-killed): */ pagefault_out_of_memory(); } else { if (fault & (VM_FAULT_SIGBUS|VM_FAULT_HWPOISON| VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE)) do_sigbus(regs, error_code, address, fault); else if (fault & VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV) bad_area_nosemaphore(regs, error_code, address); else BUG(); } } static int spurious_kernel_fault_check(unsigned long error_code, pte_t *pte) { if ((error_code & X86_PF_WRITE) && !pte_write(*pte)) return 0; if ((error_code & X86_PF_INSTR) && !pte_exec(*pte)) return 0; return 1; } /* * Handle a spurious fault caused by a stale TLB entry. * * This allows us to lazily refresh the TLB when increasing the * permissions of a kernel page (RO -> RW or NX -> X). Doing it * eagerly is very expensive since that implies doing a full * cross-processor TLB flush, even if no stale TLB entries exist * on other processors. * * Spurious faults may only occur if the TLB contains an entry with * fewer permission than the page table entry. Non-present (P = 0) * and reserved bit (R = 1) faults are never spurious. * * There are no security implications to leaving a stale TLB when * increasing the permissions on a page. * * Returns non-zero if a spurious fault was handled, zero otherwise. * * See Intel Developer's Manual Vol 3 Section 4.10.4.3, bullet 3 * (Optional Invalidation). */ static noinline int spurious_kernel_fault(unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pte_t *pte; int ret; /* * Only writes to RO or instruction fetches from NX may cause * spurious faults. * * These could be from user or supervisor accesses but the TLB * is only lazily flushed after a kernel mapping protection * change, so user accesses are not expected to cause spurious * faults. */ if (error_code != (X86_PF_WRITE | X86_PF_PROT) && error_code != (X86_PF_INSTR | X86_PF_PROT)) return 0; pgd = init_mm.pgd + pgd_index(address); if (!pgd_present(*pgd)) return 0; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, address); if (!p4d_present(*p4d)) return 0; if (p4d_large(*p4d)) return spurious_kernel_fault_check(error_code, (pte_t *) p4d); pud = pud_offset(p4d, address); if (!pud_present(*pud)) return 0; if (pud_large(*pud)) return spurious_kernel_fault_check(error_code, (pte_t *) pud); pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address); if (!pmd_present(*pmd)) return 0; if (pmd_large(*pmd)) return spurious_kernel_fault_check(error_code, (pte_t *) pmd); pte = pte_offset_kernel(pmd, address); if (!pte_present(*pte)) return 0; ret = spurious_kernel_fault_check(error_code, pte); if (!ret) return 0; /* * Make sure we have permissions in PMD. * If not, then there's a bug in the page tables: */ ret = spurious_kernel_fault_check(error_code, (pte_t *) pmd); WARN_ONCE(!ret, "PMD has incorrect permission bits\n"); return ret; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(spurious_kernel_fault); int show_unhandled_signals = 1; static inline int access_error(unsigned long error_code, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { /* This is only called for the current mm, so: */ bool foreign = false; /* * Read or write was blocked by protection keys. This is * always an unconditional error and can never result in * a follow-up action to resolve the fault, like a COW. */ if (error_code & X86_PF_PK) return 1; /* * Make sure to check the VMA so that we do not perform * faults just to hit a X86_PF_PK as soon as we fill in a * page. */ if (!arch_vma_access_permitted(vma, (error_code & X86_PF_WRITE), (error_code & X86_PF_INSTR), foreign)) return 1; if (error_code & X86_PF_WRITE) { /* write, present and write, not present: */ if (unlikely(!(vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE))) return 1; return 0; } /* read, present: */ if (unlikely(error_code & X86_PF_PROT)) return 1; /* read, not present: */ if (unlikely(!vma_is_accessible(vma))) return 1; return 0; } bool fault_in_kernel_space(unsigned long address) { /* * On 64-bit systems, the vsyscall page is at an address above * TASK_SIZE_MAX, but is not considered part of the kernel * address space. */ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_64) && is_vsyscall_vaddr(address)) return false; return address >= TASK_SIZE_MAX; } /* * Called for all faults where 'address' is part of the kernel address * space. Might get called for faults that originate from *code* that * ran in userspace or the kernel. */ static void do_kern_addr_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long hw_error_code, unsigned long address) { /* * Protection keys exceptions only happen on user pages. We * have no user pages in the kernel portion of the address * space, so do not expect them here. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(hw_error_code & X86_PF_PK); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 /* * We can fault-in kernel-space virtual memory on-demand. The * 'reference' page table is init_mm.pgd. * * NOTE! We MUST NOT take any locks for this case. We may * be in an interrupt or a critical region, and should * only copy the information from the master page table, * nothing more. * * Before doing this on-demand faulting, ensure that the * fault is not any of the following: * 1. A fault on a PTE with a reserved bit set. * 2. A fault caused by a user-mode access. (Do not demand- * fault kernel memory due to user-mode accesses). * 3. A fault caused by a page-level protection violation. * (A demand fault would be on a non-present page which * would have X86_PF_PROT==0). * * This is only needed to close a race condition on x86-32 in * the vmalloc mapping/unmapping code. See the comment above * vmalloc_fault() for details. On x86-64 the race does not * exist as the vmalloc mappings don't need to be synchronized * there. */ if (!(hw_error_code & (X86_PF_RSVD | X86_PF_USER | X86_PF_PROT))) { if (vmalloc_fault(address) >= 0) return; } #endif /* Was the fault spurious, caused by lazy TLB invalidation? */ if (spurious_kernel_fault(hw_error_code, address)) return; /* kprobes don't want to hook the spurious faults: */ if (kprobe_page_fault(regs, X86_TRAP_PF)) return; /* * Note, despite being a "bad area", there are quite a few * acceptable reasons to get here, such as erratum fixups * and handling kernel code that can fault, like get_user(). * * Don't take the mm semaphore here. If we fixup a prefetch * fault we could otherwise deadlock: */ bad_area_nosemaphore(regs, hw_error_code, address); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(do_kern_addr_fault); /* Handle faults in the user portion of the address space */ static inline void do_user_addr_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long hw_error_code, unsigned long address) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; struct task_struct *tsk; struct mm_struct *mm; vm_fault_t fault; unsigned int flags = FAULT_FLAG_DEFAULT; tsk = current; mm = tsk->mm; /* kprobes don't want to hook the spurious faults: */ if (unlikely(kprobe_page_fault(regs, X86_TRAP_PF))) return; /* * Reserved bits are never expected to be set on * entries in the user portion of the page tables. */ if (unlikely(hw_error_code & X86_PF_RSVD)) pgtable_bad(regs, hw_error_code, address); /* * If SMAP is on, check for invalid kernel (supervisor) access to user * pages in the user address space. The odd case here is WRUSS, * which, according to the preliminary documentation, does not respect * SMAP and will have the USER bit set so, in all cases, SMAP * enforcement appears to be consistent with the USER bit. */ if (unlikely(cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_SMAP) && !(hw_error_code & X86_PF_USER) && !(regs->flags & X86_EFLAGS_AC))) { bad_area_nosemaphore(regs, hw_error_code, address); return; } /* * If we're in an interrupt, have no user context or are running * in a region with pagefaults disabled then we must not take the fault */ if (unlikely(faulthandler_disabled() || !mm)) { bad_area_nosemaphore(regs, hw_error_code, address); return; } /* * It's safe to allow irq's after cr2 has been saved and the * vmalloc fault has been handled. * * User-mode registers count as a user access even for any * potential system fault or CPU buglet: */ if (user_mode(regs)) { local_irq_enable(); flags |= FAULT_FLAG_USER; } else { if (regs->flags & X86_EFLAGS_IF) local_irq_enable(); } perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS, 1, regs, address); if (hw_error_code & X86_PF_WRITE) flags |= FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; if (hw_error_code & X86_PF_INSTR) flags |= FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 /* * Faults in the vsyscall page might need emulation. The * vsyscall page is at a high address (>PAGE_OFFSET), but is * considered to be part of the user address space. * * The vsyscall page does not have a "real" VMA, so do this * emulation before we go searching for VMAs. * * PKRU never rejects instruction fetches, so we don't need * to consider the PF_PK bit. */ if (is_vsyscall_vaddr(address)) { if (emulate_vsyscall(hw_error_code, regs, address)) return; } #endif /* * Kernel-mode access to the user address space should only occur * on well-defined single instructions listed in the exception * tables. But, an erroneous kernel fault occurring outside one of * those areas which also holds mmap_lock might deadlock attempting * to validate the fault against the address space. * * Only do the expensive exception table search when we might be at * risk of a deadlock. This happens if we * 1. Failed to acquire mmap_lock, and * 2. The access did not originate in userspace. */ if (unlikely(!mmap_read_trylock(mm))) { if (!user_mode(regs) && !search_exception_tables(regs->ip)) { /* * Fault from code in kernel from * which we do not expect faults. */ bad_area_nosemaphore(regs, hw_error_code, address); return; } retry: mmap_read_lock(mm); } else { /* * The above down_read_trylock() might have succeeded in * which case we'll have missed the might_sleep() from * down_read(): */ might_sleep(); } vma = find_vma(mm, address); if (unlikely(!vma)) { bad_area(regs, hw_error_code, address); return; } if (likely(vma->vm_start <= address)) goto good_area; if (unlikely(!(vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSDOWN))) { bad_area(regs, hw_error_code, address); return; } if (unlikely(expand_stack(vma, address))) { bad_area(regs, hw_error_code, address); return; } /* * Ok, we have a good vm_area for this memory access, so * we can handle it.. */ good_area: if (unlikely(access_error(hw_error_code, vma))) { bad_area_access_error(regs, hw_error_code, address, vma); return; } /* * If for any reason at all we couldn't handle the fault, * make sure we exit gracefully rather than endlessly redo * the fault. Since we never set FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT, if * we get VM_FAULT_RETRY back, the mmap_lock has been unlocked. * * Note that handle_userfault() may also release and reacquire mmap_lock * (and not return with VM_FAULT_RETRY), when returning to userland to * repeat the page fault later with a VM_FAULT_NOPAGE retval * (potentially after handling any pending signal during the return to * userland). The return to userland is identified whenever * FAULT_FLAG_USER|FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE are both set in flags. */ fault = handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags, regs); /* Quick path to respond to signals */ if (fault_signal_pending(fault, regs)) { if (!user_mode(regs)) no_context(regs, hw_error_code, address, SIGBUS, BUS_ADRERR); return; } /* * If we need to retry the mmap_lock has already been released, * and if there is a fatal signal pending there is no guarantee * that we made any progress. Handle this case first. */ if (unlikely((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && (flags & FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY))) { flags |= FAULT_FLAG_TRIED; goto retry; } mmap_read_unlock(mm); if (unlikely(fault & VM_FAULT_ERROR)) { mm_fault_error(regs, hw_error_code, address, fault); return; } check_v8086_mode(regs, address, tsk); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(do_user_addr_fault); static __always_inline void trace_page_fault_entries(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address) { if (!trace_pagefault_enabled()) return; if (user_mode(regs)) trace_page_fault_user(address, regs, error_code); else trace_page_fault_kernel(address, regs, error_code); } static __always_inline void handle_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code, unsigned long address) { trace_page_fault_entries(regs, error_code, address); if (unlikely(kmmio_fault(regs, address))) return; /* Was the fault on kernel-controlled part of the address space? */ if (unlikely(fault_in_kernel_space(address))) { do_kern_addr_fault(regs, error_code, address); } else { do_user_addr_fault(regs, error_code, address); /* * User address page fault handling might have reenabled * interrupts. Fixing up all potential exit points of * do_user_addr_fault() and its leaf functions is just not * doable w/o creating an unholy mess or turning the code * upside down. */ local_irq_disable(); } } DEFINE_IDTENTRY_RAW_ERRORCODE(exc_page_fault) { unsigned long address = read_cr2(); irqentry_state_t state; prefetchw(&current->mm->mmap_lock); /* * KVM uses #PF vector to deliver 'page not present' events to guests * (asynchronous page fault mechanism). The event happens when a * userspace task is trying to access some valid (from guest's point of * view) memory which is not currently mapped by the host (e.g. the * memory is swapped out). Note, the corresponding "page ready" event * which is injected when the memory becomes available, is delived via * an interrupt mechanism and not a #PF exception * (see arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c: sysvec_kvm_asyncpf_interrupt()). * * We are relying on the interrupted context being sane (valid RSP, * relevant locks not held, etc.), which is fine as long as the * interrupted context had IF=1. We are also relying on the KVM * async pf type field and CR2 being read consistently instead of * getting values from real and async page faults mixed up. * * Fingers crossed. * * The async #PF handling code takes care of idtentry handling * itself. */ if (kvm_handle_async_pf(regs, (u32)address)) return; /* * Entry handling for valid #PF from kernel mode is slightly * different: RCU is already watching and rcu_irq_enter() must not * be invoked because a kernel fault on a user space address might * sleep. * * In case the fault hit a RCU idle region the conditional entry * code reenabled RCU to avoid subsequent wreckage which helps * debugability. */ state = irqentry_enter(regs); instrumentation_begin(); handle_page_fault(regs, error_code, address); instrumentation_end(); irqentry_exit(regs, state); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Common values for SHA algorithms */ #ifndef _CRYPTO_SHA_H #define _CRYPTO_SHA_H #include <linux/types.h> #define SHA1_DIGEST_SIZE 20 #define SHA1_BLOCK_SIZE 64 #define SHA224_DIGEST_SIZE 28 #define SHA224_BLOCK_SIZE 64 #define SHA256_DIGEST_SIZE 32 #define SHA256_BLOCK_SIZE 64 #define SHA384_DIGEST_SIZE 48 #define SHA384_BLOCK_SIZE 128 #define SHA512_DIGEST_SIZE 64 #define SHA512_BLOCK_SIZE 128 #define SHA1_H0 0x67452301UL #define SHA1_H1 0xefcdab89UL #define SHA1_H2 0x98badcfeUL #define SHA1_H3 0x10325476UL #define SHA1_H4 0xc3d2e1f0UL #define SHA224_H0 0xc1059ed8UL #define SHA224_H1 0x367cd507UL #define SHA224_H2 0x3070dd17UL #define SHA224_H3 0xf70e5939UL #define SHA224_H4 0xffc00b31UL #define SHA224_H5 0x68581511UL #define SHA224_H6 0x64f98fa7UL #define SHA224_H7 0xbefa4fa4UL #define SHA256_H0 0x6a09e667UL #define SHA256_H1 0xbb67ae85UL #define SHA256_H2 0x3c6ef372UL #define SHA256_H3 0xa54ff53aUL #define SHA256_H4 0x510e527fUL #define SHA256_H5 0x9b05688cUL #define SHA256_H6 0x1f83d9abUL #define SHA256_H7 0x5be0cd19UL #define SHA384_H0 0xcbbb9d5dc1059ed8ULL #define SHA384_H1 0x629a292a367cd507ULL #define SHA384_H2 0x9159015a3070dd17ULL #define SHA384_H3 0x152fecd8f70e5939ULL #define SHA384_H4 0x67332667ffc00b31ULL #define SHA384_H5 0x8eb44a8768581511ULL #define SHA384_H6 0xdb0c2e0d64f98fa7ULL #define SHA384_H7 0x47b5481dbefa4fa4ULL #define SHA512_H0 0x6a09e667f3bcc908ULL #define SHA512_H1 0xbb67ae8584caa73bULL #define SHA512_H2 0x3c6ef372fe94f82bULL #define SHA512_H3 0xa54ff53a5f1d36f1ULL #define SHA512_H4 0x510e527fade682d1ULL #define SHA512_H5 0x9b05688c2b3e6c1fULL #define SHA512_H6 0x1f83d9abfb41bd6bULL #define SHA512_H7 0x5be0cd19137e2179ULL extern const u8 sha1_zero_message_hash[SHA1_DIGEST_SIZE]; extern const u8 sha224_zero_message_hash[SHA224_DIGEST_SIZE]; extern const u8 sha256_zero_message_hash[SHA256_DIGEST_SIZE]; extern const u8 sha384_zero_message_hash[SHA384_DIGEST_SIZE]; extern const u8 sha512_zero_message_hash[SHA512_DIGEST_SIZE]; struct sha1_state { u32 state[SHA1_DIGEST_SIZE / 4]; u64 count; u8 buffer[SHA1_BLOCK_SIZE]; }; struct sha256_state { u32 state[SHA256_DIGEST_SIZE / 4]; u64 count; u8 buf[SHA256_BLOCK_SIZE]; }; struct sha512_state { u64 state[SHA512_DIGEST_SIZE / 8]; u64 count[2]; u8 buf[SHA512_BLOCK_SIZE]; }; struct shash_desc; extern int crypto_sha1_update(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data, unsigned int len); extern int crypto_sha1_finup(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data, unsigned int len, u8 *hash); extern int crypto_sha256_update(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data, unsigned int len); extern int crypto_sha256_finup(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data, unsigned int len, u8 *hash); extern int crypto_sha512_update(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data, unsigned int len); extern int crypto_sha512_finup(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data, unsigned int len, u8 *hash); /* * An implementation of SHA-1's compression function. Don't use in new code! * You shouldn't be using SHA-1, and even if you *have* to use SHA-1, this isn't * the correct way to hash something with SHA-1 (use crypto_shash instead). */ #define SHA1_DIGEST_WORDS (SHA1_DIGEST_SIZE / 4) #define SHA1_WORKSPACE_WORDS 16 void sha1_init(__u32 *buf); void sha1_transform(__u32 *digest, const char *data, __u32 *W); /* * Stand-alone implementation of the SHA256 algorithm. It is designed to * have as little dependencies as possible so it can be used in the * kexec_file purgatory. In other cases you should generally use the * hash APIs from include/crypto/hash.h. Especially when hashing large * amounts of data as those APIs may be hw-accelerated. * * For details see lib/crypto/sha256.c */ static inline void sha256_init(struct sha256_state *sctx) { sctx->state[0] = SHA256_H0; sctx->state[1] = SHA256_H1; sctx->state[2] = SHA256_H2; sctx->state[3] = SHA256_H3; sctx->state[4] = SHA256_H4; sctx->state[5] = SHA256_H5; sctx->state[6] = SHA256_H6; sctx->state[7] = SHA256_H7; sctx->count = 0; } void sha256_update(struct sha256_state *sctx, const u8 *data, unsigned int len); void sha256_final(struct sha256_state *sctx, u8 *out); void sha256(const u8 *data, unsigned int len, u8 *out); static inline void sha224_init(struct sha256_state *sctx) { sctx->state[0] = SHA224_H0; sctx->state[1] = SHA224_H1; sctx->state[2] = SHA224_H2; sctx->state[3] = SHA224_H3; sctx->state[4] = SHA224_H4; sctx->state[5] = SHA224_H5; sctx->state[6] = SHA224_H6; sctx->state[7] = SHA224_H7; sctx->count = 0; } void sha224_update(struct sha256_state *sctx, const u8 *data, unsigned int len); void sha224_final(struct sha256_state *sctx, u8 *out); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_PVCLOCK_H #define _ASM_X86_PVCLOCK_H #include <asm/clocksource.h> #include <asm/pvclock-abi.h> /* some helper functions for xen and kvm pv clock sources */ u64 pvclock_clocksource_read(struct pvclock_vcpu_time_info *src); u8 pvclock_read_flags(struct pvclock_vcpu_time_info *src); void pvclock_set_flags(u8 flags); unsigned long pvclock_tsc_khz(struct pvclock_vcpu_time_info *src); void pvclock_read_wallclock(struct pvclock_wall_clock *wall, struct pvclock_vcpu_time_info *vcpu, struct timespec64 *ts); void pvclock_resume(void); void pvclock_touch_watchdogs(void); static __always_inline unsigned pvclock_read_begin(const struct pvclock_vcpu_time_info *src) { unsigned version = src->version & ~1; /* Make sure that the version is read before the data. */ virt_rmb(); return version; } static __always_inline bool pvclock_read_retry(const struct pvclock_vcpu_time_info *src, unsigned version) { /* Make sure that the version is re-read after the data. */ virt_rmb(); return unlikely(version != src->version); } /* * Scale a 64-bit delta by scaling and multiplying by a 32-bit fraction, * yielding a 64-bit result. */ static inline u64 pvclock_scale_delta(u64 delta, u32 mul_frac, int shift) { u64 product; #ifdef __i386__ u32 tmp1, tmp2; #else ulong tmp; #endif if (shift < 0) delta >>= -shift; else delta <<= shift; #ifdef __i386__ __asm__ ( "mul %5 ; " "mov %4,%%eax ; " "mov %%edx,%4 ; " "mul %5 ; " "xor %5,%5 ; " "add %4,%%eax ; " "adc %5,%%edx ; " : "=A" (product), "=r" (tmp1), "=r" (tmp2) : "a" ((u32)delta), "1" ((u32)(delta >> 32)), "2" (mul_frac) ); #elif defined(__x86_64__) __asm__ ( "mulq %[mul_frac] ; shrd $32, %[hi], %[lo]" : [lo]"=a"(product), [hi]"=d"(tmp) : "0"(delta), [mul_frac]"rm"((u64)mul_frac)); #else #error implement me! #endif return product; } static __always_inline u64 __pvclock_read_cycles(const struct pvclock_vcpu_time_info *src, u64 tsc) { u64 delta = tsc - src->tsc_timestamp; u64 offset = pvclock_scale_delta(delta, src->tsc_to_system_mul, src->tsc_shift); return src->system_time + offset; } struct pvclock_vsyscall_time_info { struct pvclock_vcpu_time_info pvti; } __attribute__((__aligned__(SMP_CACHE_BYTES))); #define PVTI_SIZE sizeof(struct pvclock_vsyscall_time_info) #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_CLOCK void pvclock_set_pvti_cpu0_va(struct pvclock_vsyscall_time_info *pvti); struct pvclock_vsyscall_time_info *pvclock_get_pvti_cpu0_va(void); #else static inline struct pvclock_vsyscall_time_info *pvclock_get_pvti_cpu0_va(void) { return NULL; } #endif #endif /* _ASM_X86_PVCLOCK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * net busy poll support * Copyright(c) 2013 Intel Corporation. * * Author: Eliezer Tamir * * Contact Information: * e1000-devel Mailing List <e1000-devel@lists.sourceforge.net> */ #ifndef _LINUX_NET_BUSY_POLL_H #define _LINUX_NET_BUSY_POLL_H #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/sched/clock.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <net/ip.h> /* 0 - Reserved to indicate value not set * 1..NR_CPUS - Reserved for sender_cpu * NR_CPUS+1..~0 - Region available for NAPI IDs */ #define MIN_NAPI_ID ((unsigned int)(NR_CPUS + 1)) #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL struct napi_struct; extern unsigned int sysctl_net_busy_read __read_mostly; extern unsigned int sysctl_net_busy_poll __read_mostly; static inline bool net_busy_loop_on(void) { return sysctl_net_busy_poll; } static inline bool sk_can_busy_loop(const struct sock *sk) { return READ_ONCE(sk->sk_ll_usec) && !signal_pending(current); } bool sk_busy_loop_end(void *p, unsigned long start_time); void napi_busy_loop(unsigned int napi_id, bool (*loop_end)(void *, unsigned long), void *loop_end_arg); #else /* CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL */ static inline unsigned long net_busy_loop_on(void) { return 0; } static inline bool sk_can_busy_loop(struct sock *sk) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL */ static inline unsigned long busy_loop_current_time(void) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL return (unsigned long)(local_clock() >> 10); #else return 0; #endif } /* in poll/select we use the global sysctl_net_ll_poll value */ static inline bool busy_loop_timeout(unsigned long start_time) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL unsigned long bp_usec = READ_ONCE(sysctl_net_busy_poll); if (bp_usec) { unsigned long end_time = start_time + bp_usec; unsigned long now = busy_loop_current_time(); return time_after(now, end_time); } #endif return true; } static inline bool sk_busy_loop_timeout(struct sock *sk, unsigned long start_time) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL unsigned long bp_usec = READ_ONCE(sk->sk_ll_usec); if (bp_usec) { unsigned long end_time = start_time + bp_usec; unsigned long now = busy_loop_current_time(); return time_after(now, end_time); } #endif return true; } static inline void sk_busy_loop(struct sock *sk, int nonblock) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL unsigned int napi_id = READ_ONCE(sk->sk_napi_id); if (napi_id >= MIN_NAPI_ID) napi_busy_loop(napi_id, nonblock ? NULL : sk_busy_loop_end, sk); #endif } /* used in the NIC receive handler to mark the skb */ static inline void skb_mark_napi_id(struct sk_buff *skb, struct napi_struct *napi) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL /* If the skb was already marked with a valid NAPI ID, avoid overwriting * it. */ if (skb->napi_id < MIN_NAPI_ID) skb->napi_id = napi->napi_id; #endif } /* used in the protocol hanlder to propagate the napi_id to the socket */ static inline void sk_mark_napi_id(struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL WRITE_ONCE(sk->sk_napi_id, skb->napi_id); #endif sk_rx_queue_set(sk, skb); } /* variant used for unconnected sockets */ static inline void sk_mark_napi_id_once(struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL if (!READ_ONCE(sk->sk_napi_id)) WRITE_ONCE(sk->sk_napi_id, skb->napi_id); #endif } #endif /* _LINUX_NET_BUSY_POLL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * pm_wakeup.h - Power management wakeup interface * * Copyright (C) 2008 Alan Stern * Copyright (C) 2010 Rafael J. Wysocki, Novell Inc. */ #ifndef _LINUX_PM_WAKEUP_H #define _LINUX_PM_WAKEUP_H #ifndef _DEVICE_H_ # error "please don't include this file directly" #endif #include <linux/types.h> struct wake_irq; /** * struct wakeup_source - Representation of wakeup sources * * @name: Name of the wakeup source * @id: Wakeup source id * @entry: Wakeup source list entry * @lock: Wakeup source lock * @wakeirq: Optional device specific wakeirq * @timer: Wakeup timer list * @timer_expires: Wakeup timer expiration * @total_time: Total time this wakeup source has been active. * @max_time: Maximum time this wakeup source has been continuously active. * @last_time: Monotonic clock when the wakeup source's was touched last time. * @prevent_sleep_time: Total time this source has been preventing autosleep. * @event_count: Number of signaled wakeup events. * @active_count: Number of times the wakeup source was activated. * @relax_count: Number of times the wakeup source was deactivated. * @expire_count: Number of times the wakeup source's timeout has expired. * @wakeup_count: Number of times the wakeup source might abort suspend. * @dev: Struct device for sysfs statistics about the wakeup source. * @active: Status of the wakeup source. * @autosleep_enabled: Autosleep is active, so update @prevent_sleep_time. */ struct wakeup_source { const char *name; int id; struct list_head entry; spinlock_t lock; struct wake_irq *wakeirq; struct timer_list timer; unsigned long timer_expires; ktime_t total_time; ktime_t max_time; ktime_t last_time; ktime_t start_prevent_time; ktime_t prevent_sleep_time; unsigned long event_count; unsigned long active_count; unsigned long relax_count; unsigned long expire_count; unsigned long wakeup_count; struct device *dev; bool active:1; bool autosleep_enabled:1; }; #define for_each_wakeup_source(ws) \ for ((ws) = wakeup_sources_walk_start(); \ (ws); \ (ws) = wakeup_sources_walk_next((ws))) #ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP /* * Changes to device_may_wakeup take effect on the next pm state change. */ static inline bool device_can_wakeup(struct device *dev) { return dev->power.can_wakeup; } static inline bool device_may_wakeup(struct device *dev) { return dev->power.can_wakeup && !!dev->power.wakeup; } static inline void device_set_wakeup_path(struct device *dev) { dev->power.wakeup_path = true; } /* drivers/base/power/wakeup.c */ extern struct wakeup_source *wakeup_source_create(const char *name); extern void wakeup_source_destroy(struct wakeup_source *ws); extern void wakeup_source_add(struct wakeup_source *ws); extern void wakeup_source_remove(struct wakeup_source *ws); extern struct wakeup_source *wakeup_source_register(struct device *dev, const char *name); extern void wakeup_source_unregister(struct wakeup_source *ws); extern int wakeup_sources_read_lock(void); extern void wakeup_sources_read_unlock(int idx); extern struct wakeup_source *wakeup_sources_walk_start(void); extern struct wakeup_source *wakeup_sources_walk_next(struct wakeup_source *ws); extern int device_wakeup_enable(struct device *dev); extern int device_wakeup_disable(struct device *dev); extern void device_set_wakeup_capable(struct device *dev, bool capable); extern int device_init_wakeup(struct device *dev, bool val); extern int device_set_wakeup_enable(struct device *dev, bool enable); extern void __pm_stay_awake(struct wakeup_source *ws); extern void pm_stay_awake(struct device *dev); extern void __pm_relax(struct wakeup_source *ws); extern void pm_relax(struct device *dev); extern void pm_wakeup_ws_event(struct wakeup_source *ws, unsigned int msec, bool hard); extern void pm_wakeup_dev_event(struct device *dev, unsigned int msec, bool hard); #else /* !CONFIG_PM_SLEEP */ static inline void device_set_wakeup_capable(struct device *dev, bool capable) { dev->power.can_wakeup = capable; } static inline bool device_can_wakeup(struct device *dev) { return dev->power.can_wakeup; } static inline struct wakeup_source *wakeup_source_create(const char *name) { return NULL; } static inline void wakeup_source_destroy(struct wakeup_source *ws) {} static inline void wakeup_source_add(struct wakeup_source *ws) {} static inline void wakeup_source_remove(struct wakeup_source *ws) {} static inline struct wakeup_source *wakeup_source_register(struct device *dev, const char *name) { return NULL; } static inline void wakeup_source_unregister(struct wakeup_source *ws) {} static inline int device_wakeup_enable(struct device *dev) { dev->power.should_wakeup = true; return 0; } static inline int device_wakeup_disable(struct device *dev) { dev->power.should_wakeup = false; return 0; } static inline int device_set_wakeup_enable(struct device *dev, bool enable) { dev->power.should_wakeup = enable; return 0; } static inline int device_init_wakeup(struct device *dev, bool val) { device_set_wakeup_capable(dev, val); device_set_wakeup_enable(dev, val); return 0; } static inline bool device_may_wakeup(struct device *dev) { return dev->power.can_wakeup && dev->power.should_wakeup; } static inline void device_set_wakeup_path(struct device *dev) {} static inline void __pm_stay_awake(struct wakeup_source *ws) {} static inline void pm_stay_awake(struct device *dev) {} static inline void __pm_relax(struct wakeup_source *ws) {} static inline void pm_relax(struct device *dev) {} static inline void pm_wakeup_ws_event(struct wakeup_source *ws, unsigned int msec, bool hard) {} static inline void pm_wakeup_dev_event(struct device *dev, unsigned int msec, bool hard) {} #endif /* !CONFIG_PM_SLEEP */ static inline void __pm_wakeup_event(struct wakeup_source *ws, unsigned int msec) { return pm_wakeup_ws_event(ws, msec, false); } static inline void pm_wakeup_event(struct device *dev, unsigned int msec) { return pm_wakeup_dev_event(dev, msec, false); } static inline void pm_wakeup_hard_event(struct device *dev) { return pm_wakeup_dev_event(dev, 0, true); } #endif /* _LINUX_PM_WAKEUP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Linux NET3: Internet Group Management Protocol [IGMP] * * Authors: * Alan Cox <alan@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk> * * Extended to talk the BSD extended IGMP protocol of mrouted 3.6 */ #ifndef _LINUX_IGMP_H #define _LINUX_IGMP_H #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/timer.h> #include <linux/in.h> #include <linux/ip.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <uapi/linux/igmp.h> static inline struct igmphdr *igmp_hdr(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct igmphdr *)skb_transport_header(skb); } static inline struct igmpv3_report * igmpv3_report_hdr(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct igmpv3_report *)skb_transport_header(skb); } static inline struct igmpv3_query * igmpv3_query_hdr(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct igmpv3_query *)skb_transport_header(skb); } struct ip_sf_socklist { unsigned int sl_max; unsigned int sl_count; struct rcu_head rcu; __be32 sl_addr[]; }; #define IP_SFLSIZE(count) (sizeof(struct ip_sf_socklist) + \ (count) * sizeof(__be32)) #define IP_SFBLOCK 10 /* allocate this many at once */ /* ip_mc_socklist is real list now. Speed is not argument; this list never used in fast path code */ struct ip_mc_socklist { struct ip_mc_socklist __rcu *next_rcu; struct ip_mreqn multi; unsigned int sfmode; /* MCAST_{INCLUDE,EXCLUDE} */ struct ip_sf_socklist __rcu *sflist; struct rcu_head rcu; }; struct ip_sf_list { struct ip_sf_list *sf_next; unsigned long sf_count[2]; /* include/exclude counts */ __be32 sf_inaddr; unsigned char sf_gsresp; /* include in g & s response? */ unsigned char sf_oldin; /* change state */ unsigned char sf_crcount; /* retrans. left to send */ }; struct ip_mc_list { struct in_device *interface; __be32 multiaddr; unsigned int sfmode; struct ip_sf_list *sources; struct ip_sf_list *tomb; unsigned long sfcount[2]; union { struct ip_mc_list *next; struct ip_mc_list __rcu *next_rcu; }; struct ip_mc_list __rcu *next_hash; struct timer_list timer; int users; refcount_t refcnt; spinlock_t lock; char tm_running; char reporter; char unsolicit_count; char loaded; unsigned char gsquery; /* check source marks? */ unsigned char crcount; struct rcu_head rcu; }; /* V3 exponential field decoding */ #define IGMPV3_MASK(value, nb) ((nb)>=32 ? (value) : ((1<<(nb))-1) & (value)) #define IGMPV3_EXP(thresh, nbmant, nbexp, value) \ ((value) < (thresh) ? (value) : \ ((IGMPV3_MASK(value, nbmant) | (1<<(nbmant))) << \ (IGMPV3_MASK((value) >> (nbmant), nbexp) + (nbexp)))) #define IGMPV3_QQIC(value) IGMPV3_EXP(0x80, 4, 3, value) #define IGMPV3_MRC(value) IGMPV3_EXP(0x80, 4, 3, value) static inline int ip_mc_may_pull(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { if (skb_transport_offset(skb) + ip_transport_len(skb) < len) return 0; return pskb_may_pull(skb, len); } extern int ip_check_mc_rcu(struct in_device *dev, __be32 mc_addr, __be32 src_addr, u8 proto); extern int igmp_rcv(struct sk_buff *); extern int ip_mc_join_group(struct sock *sk, struct ip_mreqn *imr); extern int ip_mc_join_group_ssm(struct sock *sk, struct ip_mreqn *imr, unsigned int mode); extern int ip_mc_leave_group(struct sock *sk, struct ip_mreqn *imr); extern void ip_mc_drop_socket(struct sock *sk); extern int ip_mc_source(int add, int omode, struct sock *sk, struct ip_mreq_source *mreqs, int ifindex); extern int ip_mc_msfilter(struct sock *sk, struct ip_msfilter *msf,int ifindex); extern int ip_mc_msfget(struct sock *sk, struct ip_msfilter *msf, struct ip_msfilter __user *optval, int __user *optlen); extern int ip_mc_gsfget(struct sock *sk, struct group_filter *gsf, struct sockaddr_storage __user *p); extern int ip_mc_sf_allow(struct sock *sk, __be32 local, __be32 rmt, int dif, int sdif); extern void ip_mc_init_dev(struct in_device *); extern void ip_mc_destroy_dev(struct in_device *); extern void ip_mc_up(struct in_device *); extern void ip_mc_down(struct in_device *); extern void ip_mc_unmap(struct in_device *); extern void ip_mc_remap(struct in_device *); extern void __ip_mc_dec_group(struct in_device *in_dev, __be32 addr, gfp_t gfp); static inline void ip_mc_dec_group(struct in_device *in_dev, __be32 addr) { return __ip_mc_dec_group(in_dev, addr, GFP_KERNEL); } extern void __ip_mc_inc_group(struct in_device *in_dev, __be32 addr, gfp_t gfp); extern void ip_mc_inc_group(struct in_device *in_dev, __be32 addr); int ip_mc_check_igmp(struct sk_buff *skb); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_KERNEL_STAT_H #define _LINUX_KERNEL_STAT_H #include <linux/smp.h> #include <linux/threads.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/vtime.h> #include <asm/irq.h> /* * 'kernel_stat.h' contains the definitions needed for doing * some kernel statistics (CPU usage, context switches ...), * used by rstatd/perfmeter */ enum cpu_usage_stat { CPUTIME_USER, CPUTIME_NICE, CPUTIME_SYSTEM, CPUTIME_SOFTIRQ, CPUTIME_IRQ, CPUTIME_IDLE, CPUTIME_IOWAIT, CPUTIME_STEAL, CPUTIME_GUEST, CPUTIME_GUEST_NICE, NR_STATS, }; struct kernel_cpustat { u64 cpustat[NR_STATS]; }; struct kernel_stat { unsigned long irqs_sum; unsigned int softirqs[NR_SOFTIRQS]; }; DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct kernel_stat, kstat); DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct kernel_cpustat, kernel_cpustat); /* Must have preemption disabled for this to be meaningful. */ #define kstat_this_cpu this_cpu_ptr(&kstat) #define kcpustat_this_cpu this_cpu_ptr(&kernel_cpustat) #define kstat_cpu(cpu) per_cpu(kstat, cpu) #define kcpustat_cpu(cpu) per_cpu(kernel_cpustat, cpu) extern unsigned long long nr_context_switches(void); extern unsigned int kstat_irqs_cpu(unsigned int irq, int cpu); extern void kstat_incr_irq_this_cpu(unsigned int irq); static inline void kstat_incr_softirqs_this_cpu(unsigned int irq) { __this_cpu_inc(kstat.softirqs[irq]); } static inline unsigned int kstat_softirqs_cpu(unsigned int irq, int cpu) { return kstat_cpu(cpu).softirqs[irq]; } /* * Number of interrupts per specific IRQ source, since bootup */ extern unsigned int kstat_irqs(unsigned int irq); extern unsigned int kstat_irqs_usr(unsigned int irq); /* * Number of interrupts per cpu, since bootup */ static inline unsigned int kstat_cpu_irqs_sum(unsigned int cpu) { return kstat_cpu(cpu).irqs_sum; } #ifdef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_GEN extern u64 kcpustat_field(struct kernel_cpustat *kcpustat, enum cpu_usage_stat usage, int cpu); extern void kcpustat_cpu_fetch(struct kernel_cpustat *dst, int cpu); #else static inline u64 kcpustat_field(struct kernel_cpustat *kcpustat, enum cpu_usage_stat usage, int cpu) { return kcpustat->cpustat[usage]; } static inline void kcpustat_cpu_fetch(struct kernel_cpustat *dst, int cpu) { *dst = kcpustat_cpu(cpu); } #endif extern void account_user_time(struct task_struct *, u64); extern void account_guest_time(struct task_struct *, u64); extern void account_system_time(struct task_struct *, int, u64); extern void account_system_index_time(struct task_struct *, u64, enum cpu_usage_stat); extern void account_steal_time(u64); extern void account_idle_time(u64); extern u64 get_idle_time(struct kernel_cpustat *kcs, int cpu); #ifdef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE static inline void account_process_tick(struct task_struct *tsk, int user) { vtime_flush(tsk); } #else extern void account_process_tick(struct task_struct *, int user); #endif extern void account_idle_ticks(unsigned long ticks); #endif /* _LINUX_KERNEL_STAT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM oom #if !defined(_TRACE_OOM_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_OOM_H #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <trace/events/mmflags.h> TRACE_EVENT(oom_score_adj_update, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *task), TP_ARGS(task), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( pid_t, pid) __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( short, oom_score_adj) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pid = task->pid; memcpy(__entry->comm, task->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->oom_score_adj = task->signal->oom_score_adj; ), TP_printk("pid=%d comm=%s oom_score_adj=%hd", __entry->pid, __entry->comm, __entry->oom_score_adj) ); TRACE_EVENT(reclaim_retry_zone, TP_PROTO(struct zoneref *zoneref, int order, unsigned long reclaimable, unsigned long available, unsigned long min_wmark, int no_progress_loops, bool wmark_check), TP_ARGS(zoneref, order, reclaimable, available, min_wmark, no_progress_loops, wmark_check), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, node) __field( int, zone_idx) __field( int, order) __field( unsigned long, reclaimable) __field( unsigned long, available) __field( unsigned long, min_wmark) __field( int, no_progress_loops) __field( bool, wmark_check) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->node = zone_to_nid(zoneref->zone); __entry->zone_idx = zoneref->zone_idx; __entry->order = order; __entry->reclaimable = reclaimable; __entry->available = available; __entry->min_wmark = min_wmark; __entry->no_progress_loops = no_progress_loops; __entry->wmark_check = wmark_check; ), TP_printk("node=%d zone=%-8s order=%d reclaimable=%lu available=%lu min_wmark=%lu no_progress_loops=%d wmark_check=%d", __entry->node, __print_symbolic(__entry->zone_idx, ZONE_TYPE), __entry->order, __entry->reclaimable, __entry->available, __entry->min_wmark, __entry->no_progress_loops, __entry->wmark_check) ); TRACE_EVENT(mark_victim, TP_PROTO(int pid), TP_ARGS(pid), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, pid) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pid = pid; ), TP_printk("pid=%d", __entry->pid) ); TRACE_EVENT(wake_reaper, TP_PROTO(int pid), TP_ARGS(pid), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, pid) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pid = pid; ), TP_printk("pid=%d", __entry->pid) ); TRACE_EVENT(start_task_reaping, TP_PROTO(int pid), TP_ARGS(pid), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, pid) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pid = pid; ), TP_printk("pid=%d", __entry->pid) ); TRACE_EVENT(finish_task_reaping, TP_PROTO(int pid), TP_ARGS(pid), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, pid) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pid = pid; ), TP_printk("pid=%d", __entry->pid) ); TRACE_EVENT(skip_task_reaping, TP_PROTO(int pid), TP_ARGS(pid), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, pid) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pid = pid; ), TP_printk("pid=%d", __entry->pid) ); #ifdef CONFIG_COMPACTION TRACE_EVENT(compact_retry, TP_PROTO(int order, enum compact_priority priority, enum compact_result result, int retries, int max_retries, bool ret), TP_ARGS(order, priority, result, retries, max_retries, ret), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, order) __field( int, priority) __field( int, result) __field( int, retries) __field( int, max_retries) __field( bool, ret) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->order = order; __entry->priority = priority; __entry->result = compact_result_to_feedback(result); __entry->retries = retries; __entry->max_retries = max_retries; __entry->ret = ret; ), TP_printk("order=%d priority=%s compaction_result=%s retries=%d max_retries=%d should_retry=%d", __entry->order, __print_symbolic(__entry->priority, COMPACTION_PRIORITY), __print_symbolic(__entry->result, COMPACTION_FEEDBACK), __entry->retries, __entry->max_retries, __entry->ret) ); #endif /* CONFIG_COMPACTION */ #endif /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * kernfs.h - pseudo filesystem decoupled from vfs locking */ #ifndef __LINUX_KERNFS_H #define __LINUX_KERNFS_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/idr.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> #include <linux/wait.h> struct file; struct dentry; struct iattr; struct seq_file; struct vm_area_struct; struct super_block; struct file_system_type; struct poll_table_struct; struct fs_context; struct kernfs_fs_context; struct kernfs_open_node; struct kernfs_iattrs; enum kernfs_node_type { KERNFS_DIR = 0x0001, KERNFS_FILE = 0x0002, KERNFS_LINK = 0x0004, }; #define KERNFS_TYPE_MASK 0x000f #define KERNFS_FLAG_MASK ~KERNFS_TYPE_MASK #define KERNFS_MAX_USER_XATTRS 128 #define KERNFS_USER_XATTR_SIZE_LIMIT (128 << 10) enum kernfs_node_flag { KERNFS_ACTIVATED = 0x0010, KERNFS_NS = 0x0020, KERNFS_HAS_SEQ_SHOW = 0x0040, KERNFS_HAS_MMAP = 0x0080, KERNFS_LOCKDEP = 0x0100, KERNFS_SUICIDAL = 0x0400, KERNFS_SUICIDED = 0x0800, KERNFS_EMPTY_DIR = 0x1000, KERNFS_HAS_RELEASE = 0x2000, }; /* @flags for kernfs_create_root() */ enum kernfs_root_flag { /* * kernfs_nodes are created in the deactivated state and invisible. * They require explicit kernfs_activate() to become visible. This * can be used to make related nodes become visible atomically * after all nodes are created successfully. */ KERNFS_ROOT_CREATE_DEACTIVATED = 0x0001, /* * For regular files, if the opener has CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE, open(2) * succeeds regardless of the RW permissions. sysfs had an extra * layer of enforcement where open(2) fails with -EACCES regardless * of CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE if the permission doesn't have the * respective read or write access at all (none of S_IRUGO or * S_IWUGO) or the respective operation isn't implemented. The * following flag enables that behavior. */ KERNFS_ROOT_EXTRA_OPEN_PERM_CHECK = 0x0002, /* * The filesystem supports exportfs operation, so userspace can use * fhandle to access nodes of the fs. */ KERNFS_ROOT_SUPPORT_EXPORTOP = 0x0004, /* * Support user xattrs to be written to nodes rooted at this root. */ KERNFS_ROOT_SUPPORT_USER_XATTR = 0x0008, }; /* type-specific structures for kernfs_node union members */ struct kernfs_elem_dir { unsigned long subdirs; /* children rbtree starts here and goes through kn->rb */ struct rb_root children; /* * The kernfs hierarchy this directory belongs to. This fits * better directly in kernfs_node but is here to save space. */ struct kernfs_root *root; }; struct kernfs_elem_symlink { struct kernfs_node *target_kn; }; struct kernfs_elem_attr { const struct kernfs_ops *ops; struct kernfs_open_node *open; loff_t size; struct kernfs_node *notify_next; /* for kernfs_notify() */ }; /* * kernfs_node - the building block of kernfs hierarchy. Each and every * kernfs node is represented by single kernfs_node. Most fields are * private to kernfs and shouldn't be accessed directly by kernfs users. * * As long as s_count reference is held, the kernfs_node itself is * accessible. Dereferencing elem or any other outer entity requires * active reference. */ struct kernfs_node { atomic_t count; atomic_t active; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC struct lockdep_map dep_map; #endif /* * Use kernfs_get_parent() and kernfs_name/path() instead of * accessing the following two fields directly. If the node is * never moved to a different parent, it is safe to access the * parent directly. */ struct kernfs_node *parent; const char *name; struct rb_node rb; const void *ns; /* namespace tag */ unsigned int hash; /* ns + name hash */ union { struct kernfs_elem_dir dir; struct kernfs_elem_symlink symlink; struct kernfs_elem_attr attr; }; void *priv; /* * 64bit unique ID. On 64bit ino setups, id is the ino. On 32bit, * the low 32bits are ino and upper generation. */ u64 id; unsigned short flags; umode_t mode; struct kernfs_iattrs *iattr; }; /* * kernfs_syscall_ops may be specified on kernfs_create_root() to support * syscalls. These optional callbacks are invoked on the matching syscalls * and can perform any kernfs operations which don't necessarily have to be * the exact operation requested. An active reference is held for each * kernfs_node parameter. */ struct kernfs_syscall_ops { int (*show_options)(struct seq_file *sf, struct kernfs_root *root); int (*mkdir)(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode); int (*rmdir)(struct kernfs_node *kn); int (*rename)(struct kernfs_node *kn, struct kernfs_node *new_parent, const char *new_name); int (*show_path)(struct seq_file *sf, struct kernfs_node *kn, struct kernfs_root *root); }; struct kernfs_root { /* published fields */ struct kernfs_node *kn; unsigned int flags; /* KERNFS_ROOT_* flags */ /* private fields, do not use outside kernfs proper */ struct idr ino_idr; u32 last_id_lowbits; u32 id_highbits; struct kernfs_syscall_ops *syscall_ops; /* list of kernfs_super_info of this root, protected by kernfs_mutex */ struct list_head supers; wait_queue_head_t deactivate_waitq; }; struct kernfs_open_file { /* published fields */ struct kernfs_node *kn; struct file *file; struct seq_file *seq_file; void *priv; /* private fields, do not use outside kernfs proper */ struct mutex mutex; struct mutex prealloc_mutex; int event; struct list_head list; char *prealloc_buf; size_t atomic_write_len; bool mmapped:1; bool released:1; const struct vm_operations_struct *vm_ops; }; struct kernfs_ops { /* * Optional open/release methods. Both are called with * @of->seq_file populated. */ int (*open)(struct kernfs_open_file *of); void (*release)(struct kernfs_open_file *of); /* * Read is handled by either seq_file or raw_read(). * * If seq_show() is present, seq_file path is active. Other seq * operations are optional and if not implemented, the behavior is * equivalent to single_open(). @sf->private points to the * associated kernfs_open_file. * * read() is bounced through kernel buffer and a read larger than * PAGE_SIZE results in partial operation of PAGE_SIZE. */ int (*seq_show)(struct seq_file *sf, void *v); void *(*seq_start)(struct seq_file *sf, loff_t *ppos); void *(*seq_next)(struct seq_file *sf, void *v, loff_t *ppos); void (*seq_stop)(struct seq_file *sf, void *v); ssize_t (*read)(struct kernfs_open_file *of, char *buf, size_t bytes, loff_t off); /* * write() is bounced through kernel buffer. If atomic_write_len * is not set, a write larger than PAGE_SIZE results in partial * operations of PAGE_SIZE chunks. If atomic_write_len is set, * writes upto the specified size are executed atomically but * larger ones are rejected with -E2BIG. */ size_t atomic_write_len; /* * "prealloc" causes a buffer to be allocated at open for * all read/write requests. As ->seq_show uses seq_read() * which does its own allocation, it is incompatible with * ->prealloc. Provide ->read and ->write with ->prealloc. */ bool prealloc; ssize_t (*write)(struct kernfs_open_file *of, char *buf, size_t bytes, loff_t off); __poll_t (*poll)(struct kernfs_open_file *of, struct poll_table_struct *pt); int (*mmap)(struct kernfs_open_file *of, struct vm_area_struct *vma); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC struct lock_class_key lockdep_key; #endif }; /* * The kernfs superblock creation/mount parameter context. */ struct kernfs_fs_context { struct kernfs_root *root; /* Root of the hierarchy being mounted */ void *ns_tag; /* Namespace tag of the mount (or NULL) */ unsigned long magic; /* File system specific magic number */ /* The following are set/used by kernfs_mount() */ bool new_sb_created; /* Set to T if we allocated a new sb */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_KERNFS static inline enum kernfs_node_type kernfs_type(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return kn->flags & KERNFS_TYPE_MASK; } static inline ino_t kernfs_id_ino(u64 id) { /* id is ino if ino_t is 64bit; otherwise, low 32bits */ if (sizeof(ino_t) >= sizeof(u64)) return id; else return (u32)id; } static inline u32 kernfs_id_gen(u64 id) { /* gen is fixed at 1 if ino_t is 64bit; otherwise, high 32bits */ if (sizeof(ino_t) >= sizeof(u64)) return 1; else return id >> 32; } static inline ino_t kernfs_ino(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return kernfs_id_ino(kn->id); } static inline ino_t kernfs_gen(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return kernfs_id_gen(kn->id); } /** * kernfs_enable_ns - enable namespace under a directory * @kn: directory of interest, should be empty * * This is to be called right after @kn is created to enable namespace * under it. All children of @kn must have non-NULL namespace tags and * only the ones which match the super_block's tag will be visible. */ static inline void kernfs_enable_ns(struct kernfs_node *kn) { WARN_ON_ONCE(kernfs_type(kn) != KERNFS_DIR); WARN_ON_ONCE(!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&kn->dir.children)); kn->flags |= KERNFS_NS; } /** * kernfs_ns_enabled - test whether namespace is enabled * @kn: the node to test * * Test whether namespace filtering is enabled for the children of @ns. */ static inline bool kernfs_ns_enabled(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return kn->flags & KERNFS_NS; } int kernfs_name(struct kernfs_node *kn, char *buf, size_t buflen); int kernfs_path_from_node(struct kernfs_node *root_kn, struct kernfs_node *kn, char *buf, size_t buflen); void pr_cont_kernfs_name(struct kernfs_node *kn); void pr_cont_kernfs_path(struct kernfs_node *kn); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_get_parent(struct kernfs_node *kn); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_find_and_get_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, const void *ns); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_walk_and_get_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *path, const void *ns); void kernfs_get(struct kernfs_node *kn); void kernfs_put(struct kernfs_node *kn); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_node_from_dentry(struct dentry *dentry); struct kernfs_root *kernfs_root_from_sb(struct super_block *sb); struct inode *kernfs_get_inode(struct super_block *sb, struct kernfs_node *kn); struct dentry *kernfs_node_dentry(struct kernfs_node *kn, struct super_block *sb); struct kernfs_root *kernfs_create_root(struct kernfs_syscall_ops *scops, unsigned int flags, void *priv); void kernfs_destroy_root(struct kernfs_root *root); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_create_dir_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, void *priv, const void *ns); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_create_empty_dir(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name); struct kernfs_node *__kernfs_create_file(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, loff_t size, const struct kernfs_ops *ops, void *priv, const void *ns, struct lock_class_key *key); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_create_link(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, struct kernfs_node *target); void kernfs_activate(struct kernfs_node *kn); void kernfs_remove(struct kernfs_node *kn); void kernfs_break_active_protection(struct kernfs_node *kn); void kernfs_unbreak_active_protection(struct kernfs_node *kn); bool kernfs_remove_self(struct kernfs_node *kn); int kernfs_remove_by_name_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, const void *ns); int kernfs_rename_ns(struct kernfs_node *kn, struct kernfs_node *new_parent, const char *new_name, const void *new_ns); int kernfs_setattr(struct kernfs_node *kn, const struct iattr *iattr); __poll_t kernfs_generic_poll(struct kernfs_open_file *of, struct poll_table_struct *pt); void kernfs_notify(struct kernfs_node *kn); int kernfs_xattr_get(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *name, void *value, size_t size); int kernfs_xattr_set(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *name, const void *value, size_t size, int flags); const void *kernfs_super_ns(struct super_block *sb); int kernfs_get_tree(struct fs_context *fc); void kernfs_free_fs_context(struct fs_context *fc); void kernfs_kill_sb(struct super_block *sb); void kernfs_init(void); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_find_and_get_node_by_id(struct kernfs_root *root, u64 id); #else /* CONFIG_KERNFS */ static inline enum kernfs_node_type kernfs_type(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return 0; } /* whatever */ static inline void kernfs_enable_ns(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline bool kernfs_ns_enabled(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return false; } static inline int kernfs_name(struct kernfs_node *kn, char *buf, size_t buflen) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int kernfs_path_from_node(struct kernfs_node *root_kn, struct kernfs_node *kn, char *buf, size_t buflen) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline void pr_cont_kernfs_name(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline void pr_cont_kernfs_path(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline struct kernfs_node *kernfs_get_parent(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return NULL; } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_find_and_get_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, const void *ns) { return NULL; } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_walk_and_get_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *path, const void *ns) { return NULL; } static inline void kernfs_get(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline void kernfs_put(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline struct kernfs_node *kernfs_node_from_dentry(struct dentry *dentry) { return NULL; } static inline struct kernfs_root *kernfs_root_from_sb(struct super_block *sb) { return NULL; } static inline struct inode * kernfs_get_inode(struct super_block *sb, struct kernfs_node *kn) { return NULL; } static inline struct kernfs_root * kernfs_create_root(struct kernfs_syscall_ops *scops, unsigned int flags, void *priv) { return ERR_PTR(-ENOSYS); } static inline void kernfs_destroy_root(struct kernfs_root *root) { } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_create_dir_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, void *priv, const void *ns) { return ERR_PTR(-ENOSYS); } static inline struct kernfs_node * __kernfs_create_file(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, loff_t size, const struct kernfs_ops *ops, void *priv, const void *ns, struct lock_class_key *key) { return ERR_PTR(-ENOSYS); } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_create_link(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, struct kernfs_node *target) { return ERR_PTR(-ENOSYS); } static inline void kernfs_activate(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline void kernfs_remove(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline bool kernfs_remove_self(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return false; } static inline int kernfs_remove_by_name_ns(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *name, const void *ns) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int kernfs_rename_ns(struct kernfs_node *kn, struct kernfs_node *new_parent, const char *new_name, const void *new_ns) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int kernfs_setattr(struct kernfs_node *kn, const struct iattr *iattr) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline void kernfs_notify(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline int kernfs_xattr_get(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *name, void *value, size_t size) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int kernfs_xattr_set(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *name, const void *value, size_t size, int flags) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline const void *kernfs_super_ns(struct super_block *sb) { return NULL; } static inline int kernfs_get_tree(struct fs_context *fc) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline void kernfs_free_fs_context(struct fs_context *fc) { } static inline void kernfs_kill_sb(struct super_block *sb) { } static inline void kernfs_init(void) { } #endif /* CONFIG_KERNFS */ /** * kernfs_path - build full path of a given node * @kn: kernfs_node of interest * @buf: buffer to copy @kn's name into * @buflen: size of @buf * * If @kn is NULL result will be "(null)". * * Returns the length of the full path. If the full length is equal to or * greater than @buflen, @buf contains the truncated path with the trailing * '\0'. On error, -errno is returned. */ static inline int kernfs_path(struct kernfs_node *kn, char *buf, size_t buflen) { return kernfs_path_from_node(kn, NULL, buf, buflen); } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_find_and_get(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *name) { return kernfs_find_and_get_ns(kn, name, NULL); } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_walk_and_get(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *path) { return kernfs_walk_and_get_ns(kn, path, NULL); } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_create_dir(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, void *priv) { return kernfs_create_dir_ns(parent, name, mode, GLOBAL_ROOT_UID, GLOBAL_ROOT_GID, priv, NULL); } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_create_file_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, loff_t size, const struct kernfs_ops *ops, void *priv, const void *ns) { struct lock_class_key *key = NULL; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC key = (struct lock_class_key *)&ops->lockdep_key; #endif return __kernfs_create_file(parent, name, mode, uid, gid, size, ops, priv, ns, key); } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_create_file(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, loff_t size, const struct kernfs_ops *ops, void *priv) { return kernfs_create_file_ns(parent, name, mode, GLOBAL_ROOT_UID, GLOBAL_ROOT_GID, size, ops, priv, NULL); } static inline int kernfs_remove_by_name(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name) { return kernfs_remove_by_name_ns(parent, name, NULL); } static inline int kernfs_rename(struct kernfs_node *kn, struct kernfs_node *new_parent, const char *new_name) { return kernfs_rename_ns(kn, new_parent, new_name, NULL); } #endif /* __LINUX_KERNFS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * Helper routines for building identity mapping page tables. This is * included by both the compressed kernel and the regular kernel. */ static void ident_pmd_init(struct x86_mapping_info *info, pmd_t *pmd_page, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { addr &= PMD_MASK; for (; addr < end; addr += PMD_SIZE) { pmd_t *pmd = pmd_page + pmd_index(addr); if (pmd_present(*pmd)) continue; set_pmd(pmd, __pmd((addr - info->offset) | info->page_flag)); } } static int ident_pud_init(struct x86_mapping_info *info, pud_t *pud_page, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { unsigned long next; for (; addr < end; addr = next) { pud_t *pud = pud_page + pud_index(addr); pmd_t *pmd; next = (addr & PUD_MASK) + PUD_SIZE; if (next > end) next = end; if (info->direct_gbpages) { pud_t pudval; if (pud_present(*pud)) continue; addr &= PUD_MASK; pudval = __pud((addr - info->offset) | info->page_flag); set_pud(pud, pudval); continue; } if (pud_present(*pud)) { pmd = pmd_offset(pud, 0); ident_pmd_init(info, pmd, addr, next); continue; } pmd = (pmd_t *)info->alloc_pgt_page(info->context); if (!pmd) return -ENOMEM; ident_pmd_init(info, pmd, addr, next); set_pud(pud, __pud(__pa(pmd) | info->kernpg_flag)); } return 0; } static int ident_p4d_init(struct x86_mapping_info *info, p4d_t *p4d_page, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { unsigned long next; int result; for (; addr < end; addr = next) { p4d_t *p4d = p4d_page + p4d_index(addr); pud_t *pud; next = (addr & P4D_MASK) + P4D_SIZE; if (next > end) next = end; if (p4d_present(*p4d)) { pud = pud_offset(p4d, 0); result = ident_pud_init(info, pud, addr, next); if (result) return result; continue; } pud = (pud_t *)info->alloc_pgt_page(info->context); if (!pud) return -ENOMEM; result = ident_pud_init(info, pud, addr, next); if (result) return result; set_p4d(p4d, __p4d(__pa(pud) | info->kernpg_flag)); } return 0; } int kernel_ident_mapping_init(struct x86_mapping_info *info, pgd_t *pgd_page, unsigned long pstart, unsigned long pend) { unsigned long addr = pstart + info->offset; unsigned long end = pend + info->offset; unsigned long next; int result; /* Set the default pagetable flags if not supplied */ if (!info->kernpg_flag) info->kernpg_flag = _KERNPG_TABLE; /* Filter out unsupported __PAGE_KERNEL_* bits: */ info->kernpg_flag &= __default_kernel_pte_mask; for (; addr < end; addr = next) { pgd_t *pgd = pgd_page + pgd_index(addr); p4d_t *p4d; next = (addr & PGDIR_MASK) + PGDIR_SIZE; if (next > end) next = end; if (pgd_present(*pgd)) { p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, 0); result = ident_p4d_init(info, p4d, addr, next); if (result) return result; continue; } p4d = (p4d_t *)info->alloc_pgt_page(info->context); if (!p4d) return -ENOMEM; result = ident_p4d_init(info, p4d, addr, next); if (result) return result; if (pgtable_l5_enabled()) { set_pgd(pgd, __pgd(__pa(p4d) | info->kernpg_flag)); } else { /* * With p4d folded, pgd is equal to p4d. * The pgd entry has to point to the pud page table in this case. */ pud_t *pud = pud_offset(p4d, 0); set_pgd(pgd, __pgd(__pa(pud) | info->kernpg_flag)); } } return 0; }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * linux/ipc/util.h * Copyright (C) 1999 Christoph Rohland * * ipc helper functions (c) 1999 Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> * namespaces support. 2006 OpenVZ, SWsoft Inc. * Pavel Emelianov <xemul@openvz.org> */ #ifndef _IPC_UTIL_H #define _IPC_UTIL_H #include <linux/unistd.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/ipc_namespace.h> /* * The IPC ID contains 2 separate numbers - index and sequence number. * By default, * bits 0-14: index (32k, 15 bits) * bits 15-30: sequence number (64k, 16 bits) * * When IPCMNI extension mode is turned on, the composition changes: * bits 0-23: index (16M, 24 bits) * bits 24-30: sequence number (128, 7 bits) */ #define IPCMNI_SHIFT 15 #define IPCMNI_EXTEND_SHIFT 24 #define IPCMNI_EXTEND_MIN_CYCLE (RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE * RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE) #define IPCMNI (1 << IPCMNI_SHIFT) #define IPCMNI_EXTEND (1 << IPCMNI_EXTEND_SHIFT) #ifdef CONFIG_SYSVIPC_SYSCTL extern int ipc_mni; extern int ipc_mni_shift; extern int ipc_min_cycle; #define ipcmni_seq_shift() ipc_mni_shift #define IPCMNI_IDX_MASK ((1 << ipc_mni_shift) - 1) #else /* CONFIG_SYSVIPC_SYSCTL */ #define ipc_mni IPCMNI #define ipc_min_cycle ((int)RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE) #define ipcmni_seq_shift() IPCMNI_SHIFT #define IPCMNI_IDX_MASK ((1 << IPCMNI_SHIFT) - 1) #endif /* CONFIG_SYSVIPC_SYSCTL */ void sem_init(void); void msg_init(void); void shm_init(void); struct ipc_namespace; struct pid_namespace; #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_MQUEUE extern void mq_clear_sbinfo(struct ipc_namespace *ns); extern void mq_put_mnt(struct ipc_namespace *ns); #else static inline void mq_clear_sbinfo(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { } static inline void mq_put_mnt(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SYSVIPC void sem_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns); void msg_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns); void shm_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns); void sem_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns); void msg_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns); void shm_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns); #else static inline void sem_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { } static inline void msg_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { } static inline void shm_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { } static inline void sem_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { } static inline void msg_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { } static inline void shm_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { } #endif /* * Structure that holds the parameters needed by the ipc operations * (see after) */ struct ipc_params { key_t key; int flg; union { size_t size; /* for shared memories */ int nsems; /* for semaphores */ } u; /* holds the getnew() specific param */ }; /* * Structure that holds some ipc operations. This structure is used to unify * the calls to sys_msgget(), sys_semget(), sys_shmget() * . routine to call to create a new ipc object. Can be one of newque, * newary, newseg * . routine to call to check permissions for a new ipc object. * Can be one of security_msg_associate, security_sem_associate, * security_shm_associate * . routine to call for an extra check if needed */ struct ipc_ops { int (*getnew)(struct ipc_namespace *, struct ipc_params *); int (*associate)(struct kern_ipc_perm *, int); int (*more_checks)(struct kern_ipc_perm *, struct ipc_params *); }; struct seq_file; struct ipc_ids; void ipc_init_ids(struct ipc_ids *ids); #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS void __init ipc_init_proc_interface(const char *path, const char *header, int ids, int (*show)(struct seq_file *, void *)); struct pid_namespace *ipc_seq_pid_ns(struct seq_file *); #else #define ipc_init_proc_interface(path, header, ids, show) do {} while (0) #endif #define IPC_SEM_IDS 0 #define IPC_MSG_IDS 1 #define IPC_SHM_IDS 2 #define ipcid_to_idx(id) ((id) & IPCMNI_IDX_MASK) #define ipcid_to_seqx(id) ((id) >> ipcmni_seq_shift()) #define ipcid_seq_max() (INT_MAX >> ipcmni_seq_shift()) /* must be called with ids->rwsem acquired for writing */ int ipc_addid(struct ipc_ids *, struct kern_ipc_perm *, int); /* must be called with both locks acquired. */ void ipc_rmid(struct ipc_ids *, struct kern_ipc_perm *); /* must be called with both locks acquired. */ void ipc_set_key_private(struct ipc_ids *, struct kern_ipc_perm *); /* must be called with ipcp locked */ int ipcperms(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp, short flg); /** * ipc_get_maxidx - get the highest assigned index * @ids: ipc identifier set * * Called with ipc_ids.rwsem held for reading. */ static inline int ipc_get_maxidx(struct ipc_ids *ids) { if (ids->in_use == 0) return -1; if (ids->in_use == ipc_mni) return ipc_mni - 1; return ids->max_idx; } /* * For allocation that need to be freed by RCU. * Objects are reference counted, they start with reference count 1. * getref increases the refcount, the putref call that reduces the recount * to 0 schedules the rcu destruction. Caller must guarantee locking. * * refcount is initialized by ipc_addid(), before that point call_rcu() * must be used. */ bool ipc_rcu_getref(struct kern_ipc_perm *ptr); void ipc_rcu_putref(struct kern_ipc_perm *ptr, void (*func)(struct rcu_head *head)); struct kern_ipc_perm *ipc_obtain_object_idr(struct ipc_ids *ids, int id); void kernel_to_ipc64_perm(struct kern_ipc_perm *in, struct ipc64_perm *out); void ipc64_perm_to_ipc_perm(struct ipc64_perm *in, struct ipc_perm *out); int ipc_update_perm(struct ipc64_perm *in, struct kern_ipc_perm *out); struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcctl_obtain_check(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct ipc_ids *ids, int id, int cmd, struct ipc64_perm *perm, int extra_perm); static inline void ipc_update_pid(struct pid **pos, struct pid *pid) { struct pid *old = *pos; if (old != pid) { *pos = get_pid(pid); put_pid(old); } } #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_IPC_PARSE_VERSION int ipc_parse_version(int *cmd); #endif extern void free_msg(struct msg_msg *msg); extern struct msg_msg *load_msg(const void __user *src, size_t len); extern struct msg_msg *copy_msg(struct msg_msg *src, struct msg_msg *dst); extern int store_msg(void __user *dest, struct msg_msg *msg, size_t len); static inline int ipc_checkid(struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp, int id) { return ipcid_to_seqx(id) != ipcp->seq; } static inline void ipc_lock_object(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm) { spin_lock(&perm->lock); } static inline void ipc_unlock_object(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm) { spin_unlock(&perm->lock); } static inline void ipc_assert_locked_object(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm) { assert_spin_locked(&perm->lock); } static inline void ipc_unlock(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm) { ipc_unlock_object(perm); rcu_read_unlock(); } /* * ipc_valid_object() - helper to sort out IPC_RMID races for codepaths * where the respective ipc_ids.rwsem is not being held down. * Checks whether the ipc object is still around or if it's gone already, as * ipc_rmid() may have already freed the ID while the ipc lock was spinning. * Needs to be called with kern_ipc_perm.lock held -- exception made for one * checkpoint case at sys_semtimedop() as noted in code commentary. */ static inline bool ipc_valid_object(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm) { return !perm->deleted; } struct kern_ipc_perm *ipc_obtain_object_check(struct ipc_ids *ids, int id); int ipcget(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct ipc_ids *ids, const struct ipc_ops *ops, struct ipc_params *params); void free_ipcs(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct ipc_ids *ids, void (*free)(struct ipc_namespace *, struct kern_ipc_perm *)); static inline int sem_check_semmni(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { /* * Check semmni range [0, ipc_mni] * semmni is the last element of sem_ctls[4] array */ return ((ns->sem_ctls[3] < 0) || (ns->sem_ctls[3] > ipc_mni)) ? -ERANGE : 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT #include <linux/compat.h> struct compat_ipc_perm { key_t key; __compat_uid_t uid; __compat_gid_t gid; __compat_uid_t cuid; __compat_gid_t cgid; compat_mode_t mode; unsigned short seq; }; void to_compat_ipc_perm(struct compat_ipc_perm *, struct ipc64_perm *); void to_compat_ipc64_perm(struct compat_ipc64_perm *, struct ipc64_perm *); int get_compat_ipc_perm(struct ipc64_perm *, struct compat_ipc_perm __user *); int get_compat_ipc64_perm(struct ipc64_perm *, struct compat_ipc64_perm __user *); static inline int compat_ipc_parse_version(int *cmd) { int version = *cmd & IPC_64; *cmd &= ~IPC_64; return version; } long compat_ksys_old_semctl(int semid, int semnum, int cmd, int arg); long compat_ksys_old_msgctl(int msqid, int cmd, void __user *uptr); long compat_ksys_msgrcv(int msqid, compat_uptr_t msgp, compat_ssize_t msgsz, compat_long_t msgtyp, int msgflg); long compat_ksys_msgsnd(int msqid, compat_uptr_t msgp, compat_ssize_t msgsz, int msgflg); long compat_ksys_old_shmctl(int shmid, int cmd, void __user *uptr); #endif #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Symmetric key ciphers. * * Copyright (c) 2007-2015 Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au> */ #ifndef _CRYPTO_SKCIPHER_H #define _CRYPTO_SKCIPHER_H #include <linux/crypto.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/slab.h> /** * struct skcipher_request - Symmetric key cipher request * @cryptlen: Number of bytes to encrypt or decrypt * @iv: Initialisation Vector * @src: Source SG list * @dst: Destination SG list * @base: Underlying async request * @__ctx: Start of private context data */ struct skcipher_request { unsigned int cryptlen; u8 *iv; struct scatterlist *src; struct scatterlist *dst; struct crypto_async_request base; void *__ctx[] CRYPTO_MINALIGN_ATTR; }; struct crypto_skcipher { unsigned int reqsize; struct crypto_tfm base; }; struct crypto_sync_skcipher { struct crypto_skcipher base; }; /** * struct skcipher_alg - symmetric key cipher definition * @min_keysize: Minimum key size supported by the transformation. This is the * smallest key length supported by this transformation algorithm. * This must be set to one of the pre-defined values as this is * not hardware specific. Possible values for this field can be * found via git grep "_MIN_KEY_SIZE" include/crypto/ * @max_keysize: Maximum key size supported by the transformation. This is the * largest key length supported by this transformation algorithm. * This must be set to one of the pre-defined values as this is * not hardware specific. Possible values for this field can be * found via git grep "_MAX_KEY_SIZE" include/crypto/ * @setkey: Set key for the transformation. This function is used to either * program a supplied key into the hardware or store the key in the * transformation context for programming it later. Note that this * function does modify the transformation context. This function can * be called multiple times during the existence of the transformation * object, so one must make sure the key is properly reprogrammed into * the hardware. This function is also responsible for checking the key * length for validity. In case a software fallback was put in place in * the @cra_init call, this function might need to use the fallback if * the algorithm doesn't support all of the key sizes. * @encrypt: Encrypt a scatterlist of blocks. This function is used to encrypt * the supplied scatterlist containing the blocks of data. The crypto * API consumer is responsible for aligning the entries of the * scatterlist properly and making sure the chunks are correctly * sized. In case a software fallback was put in place in the * @cra_init call, this function might need to use the fallback if * the algorithm doesn't support all of the key sizes. In case the * key was stored in transformation context, the key might need to be * re-programmed into the hardware in this function. This function * shall not modify the transformation context, as this function may * be called in parallel with the same transformation object. * @decrypt: Decrypt a single block. This is a reverse counterpart to @encrypt * and the conditions are exactly the same. * @init: Initialize the cryptographic transformation object. This function * is used to initialize the cryptographic transformation object. * This function is called only once at the instantiation time, right * after the transformation context was allocated. In case the * cryptographic hardware has some special requirements which need to * be handled by software, this function shall check for the precise * requirement of the transformation and put any software fallbacks * in place. * @exit: Deinitialize the cryptographic transformation object. This is a * counterpart to @init, used to remove various changes set in * @init. * @ivsize: IV size applicable for transformation. The consumer must provide an * IV of exactly that size to perform the encrypt or decrypt operation. * @chunksize: Equal to the block size except for stream ciphers such as * CTR where it is set to the underlying block size. * @walksize: Equal to the chunk size except in cases where the algorithm is * considerably more efficient if it can operate on multiple chunks * in parallel. Should be a multiple of chunksize. * @base: Definition of a generic crypto algorithm. * * All fields except @ivsize are mandatory and must be filled. */ struct skcipher_alg { int (*setkey)(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen); int (*encrypt)(struct skcipher_request *req); int (*decrypt)(struct skcipher_request *req); int (*init)(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm); void (*exit)(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm); unsigned int min_keysize; unsigned int max_keysize; unsigned int ivsize; unsigned int chunksize; unsigned int walksize; struct crypto_alg base; }; #define MAX_SYNC_SKCIPHER_REQSIZE 384 /* * This performs a type-check against the "tfm" argument to make sure * all users have the correct skcipher tfm for doing on-stack requests. */ #define SYNC_SKCIPHER_REQUEST_ON_STACK(name, tfm) \ char __##name##_desc[sizeof(struct skcipher_request) + \ MAX_SYNC_SKCIPHER_REQSIZE + \ (!(sizeof((struct crypto_sync_skcipher *)1 == \ (typeof(tfm))1))) \ ] CRYPTO_MINALIGN_ATTR; \ struct skcipher_request *name = (void *)__##name##_desc /** * DOC: Symmetric Key Cipher API * * Symmetric key cipher API is used with the ciphers of type * CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_SKCIPHER (listed as type "skcipher" in /proc/crypto). * * Asynchronous cipher operations imply that the function invocation for a * cipher request returns immediately before the completion of the operation. * The cipher request is scheduled as a separate kernel thread and therefore * load-balanced on the different CPUs via the process scheduler. To allow * the kernel crypto API to inform the caller about the completion of a cipher * request, the caller must provide a callback function. That function is * invoked with the cipher handle when the request completes. * * To support the asynchronous operation, additional information than just the * cipher handle must be supplied to the kernel crypto API. That additional * information is given by filling in the skcipher_request data structure. * * For the symmetric key cipher API, the state is maintained with the tfm * cipher handle. A single tfm can be used across multiple calls and in * parallel. For asynchronous block cipher calls, context data supplied and * only used by the caller can be referenced the request data structure in * addition to the IV used for the cipher request. The maintenance of such * state information would be important for a crypto driver implementer to * have, because when calling the callback function upon completion of the * cipher operation, that callback function may need some information about * which operation just finished if it invoked multiple in parallel. This * state information is unused by the kernel crypto API. */ static inline struct crypto_skcipher *__crypto_skcipher_cast( struct crypto_tfm *tfm) { return container_of(tfm, struct crypto_skcipher, base); } /** * crypto_alloc_skcipher() - allocate symmetric key cipher handle * @alg_name: is the cra_name / name or cra_driver_name / driver name of the * skcipher cipher * @type: specifies the type of the cipher * @mask: specifies the mask for the cipher * * Allocate a cipher handle for an skcipher. The returned struct * crypto_skcipher is the cipher handle that is required for any subsequent * API invocation for that skcipher. * * Return: allocated cipher handle in case of success; IS_ERR() is true in case * of an error, PTR_ERR() returns the error code. */ struct crypto_skcipher *crypto_alloc_skcipher(const char *alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask); struct crypto_sync_skcipher *crypto_alloc_sync_skcipher(const char *alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask); static inline struct crypto_tfm *crypto_skcipher_tfm( struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return &tfm->base; } /** * crypto_free_skcipher() - zeroize and free cipher handle * @tfm: cipher handle to be freed * * If @tfm is a NULL or error pointer, this function does nothing. */ static inline void crypto_free_skcipher(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { crypto_destroy_tfm(tfm, crypto_skcipher_tfm(tfm)); } static inline void crypto_free_sync_skcipher(struct crypto_sync_skcipher *tfm) { crypto_free_skcipher(&tfm->base); } /** * crypto_has_skcipher() - Search for the availability of an skcipher. * @alg_name: is the cra_name / name or cra_driver_name / driver name of the * skcipher * @type: specifies the type of the skcipher * @mask: specifies the mask for the skcipher * * Return: true when the skcipher is known to the kernel crypto API; false * otherwise */ int crypto_has_skcipher(const char *alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask); static inline const char *crypto_skcipher_driver_name( struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_driver_name(crypto_skcipher_tfm(tfm)); } static inline struct skcipher_alg *crypto_skcipher_alg( struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return container_of(crypto_skcipher_tfm(tfm)->__crt_alg, struct skcipher_alg, base); } static inline unsigned int crypto_skcipher_alg_ivsize(struct skcipher_alg *alg) { return alg->ivsize; } /** * crypto_skcipher_ivsize() - obtain IV size * @tfm: cipher handle * * The size of the IV for the skcipher referenced by the cipher handle is * returned. This IV size may be zero if the cipher does not need an IV. * * Return: IV size in bytes */ static inline unsigned int crypto_skcipher_ivsize(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_skcipher_alg(tfm)->ivsize; } static inline unsigned int crypto_sync_skcipher_ivsize( struct crypto_sync_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_skcipher_ivsize(&tfm->base); } /** * crypto_skcipher_blocksize() - obtain block size of cipher * @tfm: cipher handle * * The block size for the skcipher referenced with the cipher handle is * returned. The caller may use that information to allocate appropriate * memory for the data returned by the encryption or decryption operation * * Return: block size of cipher */ static inline unsigned int crypto_skcipher_blocksize( struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_blocksize(crypto_skcipher_tfm(tfm)); } static inline unsigned int crypto_skcipher_alg_chunksize( struct skcipher_alg *alg) { return alg->chunksize; } /** * crypto_skcipher_chunksize() - obtain chunk size * @tfm: cipher handle * * The block size is set to one for ciphers such as CTR. However, * you still need to provide incremental updates in multiples of * the underlying block size as the IV does not have sub-block * granularity. This is known in this API as the chunk size. * * Return: chunk size in bytes */ static inline unsigned int crypto_skcipher_chunksize( struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_skcipher_alg_chunksize(crypto_skcipher_alg(tfm)); } static inline unsigned int crypto_sync_skcipher_blocksize( struct crypto_sync_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_skcipher_blocksize(&tfm->base); } static inline unsigned int crypto_skcipher_alignmask( struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_alignmask(crypto_skcipher_tfm(tfm)); } static inline u32 crypto_skcipher_get_flags(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_get_flags(crypto_skcipher_tfm(tfm)); } static inline void crypto_skcipher_set_flags(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm, u32 flags) { crypto_tfm_set_flags(crypto_skcipher_tfm(tfm), flags); } static inline void crypto_skcipher_clear_flags(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm, u32 flags) { crypto_tfm_clear_flags(crypto_skcipher_tfm(tfm), flags); } static inline u32 crypto_sync_skcipher_get_flags( struct crypto_sync_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_skcipher_get_flags(&tfm->base); } static inline void crypto_sync_skcipher_set_flags( struct crypto_sync_skcipher *tfm, u32 flags) { crypto_skcipher_set_flags(&tfm->base, flags); } static inline void crypto_sync_skcipher_clear_flags( struct crypto_sync_skcipher *tfm, u32 flags) { crypto_skcipher_clear_flags(&tfm->base, flags); } /** * crypto_skcipher_setkey() - set key for cipher * @tfm: cipher handle * @key: buffer holding the key * @keylen: length of the key in bytes * * The caller provided key is set for the skcipher referenced by the cipher * handle. * * Note, the key length determines the cipher type. Many block ciphers implement * different cipher modes depending on the key size, such as AES-128 vs AES-192 * vs. AES-256. When providing a 16 byte key for an AES cipher handle, AES-128 * is performed. * * Return: 0 if the setting of the key was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ int crypto_skcipher_setkey(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen); static inline int crypto_sync_skcipher_setkey(struct crypto_sync_skcipher *tfm, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen) { return crypto_skcipher_setkey(&tfm->base, key, keylen); } static inline unsigned int crypto_skcipher_min_keysize( struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_skcipher_alg(tfm)->min_keysize; } static inline unsigned int crypto_skcipher_max_keysize( struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_skcipher_alg(tfm)->max_keysize; } /** * crypto_skcipher_reqtfm() - obtain cipher handle from request * @req: skcipher_request out of which the cipher handle is to be obtained * * Return the crypto_skcipher handle when furnishing an skcipher_request * data structure. * * Return: crypto_skcipher handle */ static inline struct crypto_skcipher *crypto_skcipher_reqtfm( struct skcipher_request *req) { return __crypto_skcipher_cast(req->base.tfm); } static inline struct crypto_sync_skcipher *crypto_sync_skcipher_reqtfm( struct skcipher_request *req) { struct crypto_skcipher *tfm = crypto_skcipher_reqtfm(req); return container_of(tfm, struct crypto_sync_skcipher, base); } /** * crypto_skcipher_encrypt() - encrypt plaintext * @req: reference to the skcipher_request handle that holds all information * needed to perform the cipher operation * * Encrypt plaintext data using the skcipher_request handle. That data * structure and how it is filled with data is discussed with the * skcipher_request_* functions. * * Return: 0 if the cipher operation was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ int crypto_skcipher_encrypt(struct skcipher_request *req); /** * crypto_skcipher_decrypt() - decrypt ciphertext * @req: reference to the skcipher_request handle that holds all information * needed to perform the cipher operation * * Decrypt ciphertext data using the skcipher_request handle. That data * structure and how it is filled with data is discussed with the * skcipher_request_* functions. * * Return: 0 if the cipher operation was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ int crypto_skcipher_decrypt(struct skcipher_request *req); /** * DOC: Symmetric Key Cipher Request Handle * * The skcipher_request data structure contains all pointers to data * required for the symmetric key cipher operation. This includes the cipher * handle (which can be used by multiple skcipher_request instances), pointer * to plaintext and ciphertext, asynchronous callback function, etc. It acts * as a handle to the skcipher_request_* API calls in a similar way as * skcipher handle to the crypto_skcipher_* API calls. */ /** * crypto_skcipher_reqsize() - obtain size of the request data structure * @tfm: cipher handle * * Return: number of bytes */ static inline unsigned int crypto_skcipher_reqsize(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return tfm->reqsize; } /** * skcipher_request_set_tfm() - update cipher handle reference in request * @req: request handle to be modified * @tfm: cipher handle that shall be added to the request handle * * Allow the caller to replace the existing skcipher handle in the request * data structure with a different one. */ static inline void skcipher_request_set_tfm(struct skcipher_request *req, struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { req->base.tfm = crypto_skcipher_tfm(tfm); } static inline void skcipher_request_set_sync_tfm(struct skcipher_request *req, struct crypto_sync_skcipher *tfm) { skcipher_request_set_tfm(req, &tfm->base); } static inline struct skcipher_request *skcipher_request_cast( struct crypto_async_request *req) { return container_of(req, struct skcipher_request, base); } /** * skcipher_request_alloc() - allocate request data structure * @tfm: cipher handle to be registered with the request * @gfp: memory allocation flag that is handed to kmalloc by the API call. * * Allocate the request data structure that must be used with the skcipher * encrypt and decrypt API calls. During the allocation, the provided skcipher * handle is registered in the request data structure. * * Return: allocated request handle in case of success, or NULL if out of memory */ static inline struct skcipher_request *skcipher_request_alloc( struct crypto_skcipher *tfm, gfp_t gfp) { struct skcipher_request *req; req = kmalloc(sizeof(struct skcipher_request) + crypto_skcipher_reqsize(tfm), gfp); if (likely(req)) skcipher_request_set_tfm(req, tfm); return req; } /** * skcipher_request_free() - zeroize and free request data structure * @req: request data structure cipher handle to be freed */ static inline void skcipher_request_free(struct skcipher_request *req) { kfree_sensitive(req); } static inline void skcipher_request_zero(struct skcipher_request *req) { struct crypto_skcipher *tfm = crypto_skcipher_reqtfm(req); memzero_explicit(req, sizeof(*req) + crypto_skcipher_reqsize(tfm)); } /** * skcipher_request_set_callback() - set asynchronous callback function * @req: request handle * @flags: specify zero or an ORing of the flags * CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_BACKLOG the request queue may back log and * increase the wait queue beyond the initial maximum size; * CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_SLEEP the request processing may sleep * @compl: callback function pointer to be registered with the request handle * @data: The data pointer refers to memory that is not used by the kernel * crypto API, but provided to the callback function for it to use. Here, * the caller can provide a reference to memory the callback function can * operate on. As the callback function is invoked asynchronously to the * related functionality, it may need to access data structures of the * related functionality which can be referenced using this pointer. The * callback function can access the memory via the "data" field in the * crypto_async_request data structure provided to the callback function. * * This function allows setting the callback function that is triggered once the * cipher operation completes. * * The callback function is registered with the skcipher_request handle and * must comply with the following template:: * * void callback_function(struct crypto_async_request *req, int error) */ static inline void skcipher_request_set_callback(struct skcipher_request *req, u32 flags, crypto_completion_t compl, void *data) { req->base.complete = compl; req->base.data = data; req->base.flags = flags; } /** * skcipher_request_set_crypt() - set data buffers * @req: request handle * @src: source scatter / gather list * @dst: destination scatter / gather list * @cryptlen: number of bytes to process from @src * @iv: IV for the cipher operation which must comply with the IV size defined * by crypto_skcipher_ivsize * * This function allows setting of the source data and destination data * scatter / gather lists. * * For encryption, the source is treated as the plaintext and the * destination is the ciphertext. For a decryption operation, the use is * reversed - the source is the ciphertext and the destination is the plaintext. */ static inline void skcipher_request_set_crypt( struct skcipher_request *req, struct scatterlist *src, struct scatterlist *dst, unsigned int cryptlen, void *iv) { req->src = src; req->dst = dst; req->cryptlen = cryptlen; req->iv = iv; } #endif /* _CRYPTO_SKCIPHER_H */
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3380 3381 3382 3383 3384 3385 3386 3387 3388 3389 3390 3391 3392 3393 3394 3395 3396 3397 3398 3399 3400 3401 3402 3403 3404 3405 3406 3407 3408 3409 3410 3411 3412 3413 3414 3415 3416 3417 3418 3419 3420 3421 3422 3423 3424 3425 3426 3427 3428 3429 3430 3431 3432 3433 3434 3435 3436 3437 3438 3439 3440 3441 3442 3443 3444 3445 3446 3447 3448 3449 3450 3451 3452 3453 3454 3455 3456 3457 3458 3459 3460 3461 3462 3463 3464 3465 3466 3467 3468 3469 3470 3471 3472 3473 3474 3475 3476 3477 3478 3479 3480 3481 3482 3483 3484 3485 3486 3487 3488 3489 3490 3491 3492 3493 3494 3495 3496 3497 3498 3499 3500 3501 3502 3503 3504 3505 3506 3507 3508 3509 3510 3511 3512 3513 3514 3515 3516 3517 3518 3519 3520 3521 3522 3523 3524 3525 3526 3527 3528 3529 3530 3531 3532 3533 3534 3535 3536 3537 3538 3539 3540 3541 3542 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/lib/vsprintf.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds */ /* vsprintf.c -- Lars Wirzenius & Linus Torvalds. */ /* * Wirzenius wrote this portably, Torvalds fucked it up :-) */ /* * Fri Jul 13 2001 Crutcher Dunnavant <crutcher+kernel@datastacks.com> * - changed to provide snprintf and vsnprintf functions * So Feb 1 16:51:32 CET 2004 Juergen Quade <quade@hsnr.de> * - scnprintf and vscnprintf */ #include <stdarg.h> #include <linux/build_bug.h> #include <linux/clk.h> #include <linux/clk-provider.h> #include <linux/errname.h> #include <linux/module.h> /* for KSYM_SYMBOL_LEN */ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/ctype.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/kallsyms.h> #include <linux/math64.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/ioport.h> #include <linux/dcache.h> #include <linux/cred.h> #include <linux/rtc.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/uuid.h> #include <linux/of.h> #include <net/addrconf.h> #include <linux/siphash.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/property.h> #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK #include <linux/blkdev.h> #endif #include "../mm/internal.h" /* For the trace_print_flags arrays */ #include <asm/page.h> /* for PAGE_SIZE */ #include <asm/byteorder.h> /* cpu_to_le16 */ #include <linux/string_helpers.h> #include "kstrtox.h" static unsigned long long simple_strntoull(const char *startp, size_t max_chars, char **endp, unsigned int base) { const char *cp; unsigned long long result = 0ULL; size_t prefix_chars; unsigned int rv; cp = _parse_integer_fixup_radix(startp, &base); prefix_chars = cp - startp; if (prefix_chars < max_chars) { rv = _parse_integer_limit(cp, base, &result, max_chars - prefix_chars); /* FIXME */ cp += (rv & ~KSTRTOX_OVERFLOW); } else { /* Field too short for prefix + digit, skip over without converting */ cp = startp + max_chars; } if (endp) *endp = (char *)cp; return result; } /** * simple_strtoull - convert a string to an unsigned long long * @cp: The start of the string * @endp: A pointer to the end of the parsed string will be placed here * @base: The number base to use * * This function has caveats. Please use kstrtoull instead. */ unsigned long long simple_strtoull(const char *cp, char **endp, unsigned int base) { return simple_strntoull(cp, INT_MAX, endp, base); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_strtoull); /** * simple_strtoul - convert a string to an unsigned long * @cp: The start of the string * @endp: A pointer to the end of the parsed string will be placed here * @base: The number base to use * * This function has caveats. Please use kstrtoul instead. */ unsigned long simple_strtoul(const char *cp, char **endp, unsigned int base) { return simple_strtoull(cp, endp, base); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_strtoul); /** * simple_strtol - convert a string to a signed long * @cp: The start of the string * @endp: A pointer to the end of the parsed string will be placed here * @base: The number base to use * * This function has caveats. Please use kstrtol instead. */ long simple_strtol(const char *cp, char **endp, unsigned int base) { if (*cp == '-') return -simple_strtoul(cp + 1, endp, base); return simple_strtoul(cp, endp, base); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_strtol); static long long simple_strntoll(const char *cp, size_t max_chars, char **endp, unsigned int base) { /* * simple_strntoull() safely handles receiving max_chars==0 in the * case cp[0] == '-' && max_chars == 1. * If max_chars == 0 we can drop through and pass it to simple_strntoull() * and the content of *cp is irrelevant. */ if (*cp == '-' && max_chars > 0) return -simple_strntoull(cp + 1, max_chars - 1, endp, base); return simple_strntoull(cp, max_chars, endp, base); } /** * simple_strtoll - convert a string to a signed long long * @cp: The start of the string * @endp: A pointer to the end of the parsed string will be placed here * @base: The number base to use * * This function has caveats. Please use kstrtoll instead. */ long long simple_strtoll(const char *cp, char **endp, unsigned int base) { return simple_strntoll(cp, INT_MAX, endp, base); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_strtoll); static noinline_for_stack int skip_atoi(const char **s) { int i = 0; do { i = i*10 + *((*s)++) - '0'; } while (isdigit(**s)); return i; } /* * Decimal conversion is by far the most typical, and is used for * /proc and /sys data. This directly impacts e.g. top performance * with many processes running. We optimize it for speed by emitting * two characters at a time, using a 200 byte lookup table. This * roughly halves the number of multiplications compared to computing * the digits one at a time. Implementation strongly inspired by the * previous version, which in turn used ideas described at * <http://www.cs.uiowa.edu/~jones/bcd/divide.html> (with permission * from the author, Douglas W. Jones). * * It turns out there is precisely one 26 bit fixed-point * approximation a of 64/100 for which x/100 == (x * (u64)a) >> 32 * holds for all x in [0, 10^8-1], namely a = 0x28f5c29. The actual * range happens to be somewhat larger (x <= 1073741898), but that's * irrelevant for our purpose. * * For dividing a number in the range [10^4, 10^6-1] by 100, we still * need a 32x32->64 bit multiply, so we simply use the same constant. * * For dividing a number in the range [100, 10^4-1] by 100, there are * several options. The simplest is (x * 0x147b) >> 19, which is valid * for all x <= 43698. */ static const u16 decpair[100] = { #define _(x) (__force u16) cpu_to_le16(((x % 10) | ((x / 10) << 8)) + 0x3030) _( 0), _( 1), _( 2), _( 3), _( 4), _( 5), _( 6), _( 7), _( 8), _( 9), _(10), _(11), _(12), _(13), _(14), _(15), _(16), _(17), _(18), _(19), _(20), _(21), _(22), _(23), _(24), _(25), _(26), _(27), _(28), _(29), _(30), _(31), _(32), _(33), _(34), _(35), _(36), _(37), _(38), _(39), _(40), _(41), _(42), _(43), _(44), _(45), _(46), _(47), _(48), _(49), _(50), _(51), _(52), _(53), _(54), _(55), _(56), _(57), _(58), _(59), _(60), _(61), _(62), _(63), _(64), _(65), _(66), _(67), _(68), _(69), _(70), _(71), _(72), _(73), _(74), _(75), _(76), _(77), _(78), _(79), _(80), _(81), _(82), _(83), _(84), _(85), _(86), _(87), _(88), _(89), _(90), _(91), _(92), _(93), _(94), _(95), _(96), _(97), _(98), _(99), #undef _ }; /* * This will print a single '0' even if r == 0, since we would * immediately jump to out_r where two 0s would be written but only * one of them accounted for in buf. This is needed by ip4_string * below. All other callers pass a non-zero value of r. */ static noinline_for_stack char *put_dec_trunc8(char *buf, unsigned r) { unsigned q; /* 1 <= r < 10^8 */ if (r < 100) goto out_r; /* 100 <= r < 10^8 */ q = (r * (u64)0x28f5c29) >> 32; *((u16 *)buf) = decpair[r - 100*q]; buf += 2; /* 1 <= q < 10^6 */ if (q < 100) goto out_q; /* 100 <= q < 10^6 */ r = (q * (u64)0x28f5c29) >> 32; *((u16 *)buf) = decpair[q - 100*r]; buf += 2; /* 1 <= r < 10^4 */ if (r < 100) goto out_r; /* 100 <= r < 10^4 */ q = (r * 0x147b) >> 19; *((u16 *)buf) = decpair[r - 100*q]; buf += 2; out_q: /* 1 <= q < 100 */ r = q; out_r: /* 1 <= r < 100 */ *((u16 *)buf) = decpair[r]; buf += r < 10 ? 1 : 2; return buf; } #if BITS_PER_LONG == 64 && BITS_PER_LONG_LONG == 64 static noinline_for_stack char *put_dec_full8(char *buf, unsigned r) { unsigned q; /* 0 <= r < 10^8 */ q = (r * (u64)0x28f5c29) >> 32; *((u16 *)buf) = decpair[r - 100*q]; buf += 2; /* 0 <= q < 10^6 */ r = (q * (u64)0x28f5c29) >> 32; *((u16 *)buf) = decpair[q - 100*r]; buf += 2; /* 0 <= r < 10^4 */ q = (r * 0x147b) >> 19; *((u16 *)buf) = decpair[r - 100*q]; buf += 2; /* 0 <= q < 100 */ *((u16 *)buf) = decpair[q]; buf += 2; return buf; } static noinline_for_stack char *put_dec(char *buf, unsigned long long n) { if (n >= 100*1000*1000) buf = put_dec_full8(buf, do_div(n, 100*1000*1000)); /* 1 <= n <= 1.6e11 */ if (n >= 100*1000*1000) buf = put_dec_full8(buf, do_div(n, 100*1000*1000)); /* 1 <= n < 1e8 */ return put_dec_trunc8(buf, n); } #elif BITS_PER_LONG == 32 && BITS_PER_LONG_LONG == 64 static void put_dec_full4(char *buf, unsigned r) { unsigned q; /* 0 <= r < 10^4 */ q = (r * 0x147b) >> 19; *((u16 *)buf) = decpair[r - 100*q]; buf += 2; /* 0 <= q < 100 */ *((u16 *)buf) = decpair[q]; } /* * Call put_dec_full4 on x % 10000, return x / 10000. * The approximation x/10000 == (x * 0x346DC5D7) >> 43 * holds for all x < 1,128,869,999. The largest value this * helper will ever be asked to convert is 1,125,520,955. * (second call in the put_dec code, assuming n is all-ones). */ static noinline_for_stack unsigned put_dec_helper4(char *buf, unsigned x) { uint32_t q = (x * (uint64_t)0x346DC5D7) >> 43; put_dec_full4(buf, x - q * 10000); return q; } /* Based on code by Douglas W. Jones found at * <http://www.cs.uiowa.edu/~jones/bcd/decimal.html#sixtyfour> * (with permission from the author). * Performs no 64-bit division and hence should be fast on 32-bit machines. */ static char *put_dec(char *buf, unsigned long long n) { uint32_t d3, d2, d1, q, h; if (n < 100*1000*1000) return put_dec_trunc8(buf, n); d1 = ((uint32_t)n >> 16); /* implicit "& 0xffff" */ h = (n >> 32); d2 = (h ) & 0xffff; d3 = (h >> 16); /* implicit "& 0xffff" */ /* n = 2^48 d3 + 2^32 d2 + 2^16 d1 + d0 = 281_4749_7671_0656 d3 + 42_9496_7296 d2 + 6_5536 d1 + d0 */ q = 656 * d3 + 7296 * d2 + 5536 * d1 + ((uint32_t)n & 0xffff); q = put_dec_helper4(buf, q); q += 7671 * d3 + 9496 * d2 + 6 * d1; q = put_dec_helper4(buf+4, q); q += 4749 * d3 + 42 * d2; q = put_dec_helper4(buf+8, q); q += 281 * d3; buf += 12; if (q) buf = put_dec_trunc8(buf, q); else while (buf[-1] == '0') --buf; return buf; } #endif /* * Convert passed number to decimal string. * Returns the length of string. On buffer overflow, returns 0. * * If speed is not important, use snprintf(). It's easy to read the code. */ int num_to_str(char *buf, int size, unsigned long long num, unsigned int width) { /* put_dec requires 2-byte alignment of the buffer. */ char tmp[sizeof(num) * 3] __aligned(2); int idx, len; /* put_dec() may work incorrectly for num = 0 (generate "", not "0") */ if (num <= 9) { tmp[0] = '0' + num; len = 1; } else { len = put_dec(tmp, num) - tmp; } if (len > size || width > size) return 0; if (width > len) { width = width - len; for (idx = 0; idx < width; idx++) buf[idx] = ' '; } else { width = 0; } for (idx = 0; idx < len; ++idx) buf[idx + width] = tmp[len - idx - 1]; return len + width; } #define SIGN 1 /* unsigned/signed, must be 1 */ #define LEFT 2 /* left justified */ #define PLUS 4 /* show plus */ #define SPACE 8 /* space if plus */ #define ZEROPAD 16 /* pad with zero, must be 16 == '0' - ' ' */ #define SMALL 32 /* use lowercase in hex (must be 32 == 0x20) */ #define SPECIAL 64 /* prefix hex with "0x", octal with "0" */ static_assert(ZEROPAD == ('0' - ' ')); static_assert(SMALL == ' '); enum format_type { FORMAT_TYPE_NONE, /* Just a string part */ FORMAT_TYPE_WIDTH, FORMAT_TYPE_PRECISION, FORMAT_TYPE_CHAR, FORMAT_TYPE_STR, FORMAT_TYPE_PTR, FORMAT_TYPE_PERCENT_CHAR, FORMAT_TYPE_INVALID, FORMAT_TYPE_LONG_LONG, FORMAT_TYPE_ULONG, FORMAT_TYPE_LONG, FORMAT_TYPE_UBYTE, FORMAT_TYPE_BYTE, FORMAT_TYPE_USHORT, FORMAT_TYPE_SHORT, FORMAT_TYPE_UINT, FORMAT_TYPE_INT, FORMAT_TYPE_SIZE_T, FORMAT_TYPE_PTRDIFF }; struct printf_spec { unsigned int type:8; /* format_type enum */ signed int field_width:24; /* width of output field */ unsigned int flags:8; /* flags to number() */ unsigned int base:8; /* number base, 8, 10 or 16 only */ signed int precision:16; /* # of digits/chars */ } __packed; static_assert(sizeof(struct printf_spec) == 8); #define FIELD_WIDTH_MAX ((1 << 23) - 1) #define PRECISION_MAX ((1 << 15) - 1) static noinline_for_stack char *number(char *buf, char *end, unsigned long long num, struct printf_spec spec) { /* put_dec requires 2-byte alignment of the buffer. */ char tmp[3 * sizeof(num)] __aligned(2); char sign; char locase; int need_pfx = ((spec.flags & SPECIAL) && spec.base != 10); int i; bool is_zero = num == 0LL; int field_width = spec.field_width; int precision = spec.precision; /* locase = 0 or 0x20. ORing digits or letters with 'locase' * produces same digits or (maybe lowercased) letters */ locase = (spec.flags & SMALL); if (spec.flags & LEFT) spec.flags &= ~ZEROPAD; sign = 0; if (spec.flags & SIGN) { if ((signed long long)num < 0) { sign = '-'; num = -(signed long long)num; field_width--; } else if (spec.flags & PLUS) { sign = '+'; field_width--; } else if (spec.flags & SPACE) { sign = ' '; field_width--; } } if (need_pfx) { if (spec.base == 16) field_width -= 2; else if (!is_zero) field_width--; } /* generate full string in tmp[], in reverse order */ i = 0; if (num < spec.base) tmp[i++] = hex_asc_upper[num] | locase; else if (spec.base != 10) { /* 8 or 16 */ int mask = spec.base - 1; int shift = 3; if (spec.base == 16) shift = 4; do { tmp[i++] = (hex_asc_upper[((unsigned char)num) & mask] | locase); num >>= shift; } while (num); } else { /* base 10 */ i = put_dec(tmp, num) - tmp; } /* printing 100 using %2d gives "100", not "00" */ if (i > precision) precision = i; /* leading space padding */ field_width -= precision; if (!(spec.flags & (ZEROPAD | LEFT))) { while (--field_width >= 0) { if (buf < end) *buf = ' '; ++buf; } } /* sign */ if (sign) { if (buf < end) *buf = sign; ++buf; } /* "0x" / "0" prefix */ if (need_pfx) { if (spec.base == 16 || !is_zero) { if (buf < end) *buf = '0'; ++buf; } if (spec.base == 16) { if (buf < end) *buf = ('X' | locase); ++buf; } } /* zero or space padding */ if (!(spec.flags & LEFT)) { char c = ' ' + (spec.flags & ZEROPAD); while (--field_width >= 0) { if (buf < end) *buf = c; ++buf; } } /* hmm even more zero padding? */ while (i <= --precision) { if (buf < end) *buf = '0'; ++buf; } /* actual digits of result */ while (--i >= 0) { if (buf < end) *buf = tmp[i]; ++buf; } /* trailing space padding */ while (--field_width >= 0) { if (buf < end) *buf = ' '; ++buf; } return buf; } static noinline_for_stack char *special_hex_number(char *buf, char *end, unsigned long long num, int size) { struct printf_spec spec; spec.type = FORMAT_TYPE_PTR; spec.field_width = 2 + 2 * size; /* 0x + hex */ spec.flags = SPECIAL | SMALL | ZEROPAD; spec.base = 16; spec.precision = -1; return number(buf, end, num, spec); } static void move_right(char *buf, char *end, unsigned len, unsigned spaces) { size_t size; if (buf >= end) /* nowhere to put anything */ return; size = end - buf; if (size <= spaces) { memset(buf, ' ', size); return; } if (len) { if (len > size - spaces) len = size - spaces; memmove(buf + spaces, buf, len); } memset(buf, ' ', spaces); } /* * Handle field width padding for a string. * @buf: current buffer position * @n: length of string * @end: end of output buffer * @spec: for field width and flags * Returns: new buffer position after padding. */ static noinline_for_stack char *widen_string(char *buf, int n, char *end, struct printf_spec spec) { unsigned spaces; if (likely(n >= spec.field_width)) return buf; /* we want to pad the sucker */ spaces = spec.field_width - n; if (!(spec.flags & LEFT)) { move_right(buf - n, end, n, spaces); return buf + spaces; } while (spaces--) { if (buf < end) *buf = ' '; ++buf; } return buf; } /* Handle string from a well known address. */ static char *string_nocheck(char *buf, char *end, const char *s, struct printf_spec spec) { int len = 0; int lim = spec.precision; while (lim--) { char c = *s++; if (!c) break; if (buf < end) *buf = c; ++buf; ++len; } return widen_string(buf, len, end, spec); } static char *err_ptr(char *buf, char *end, void *ptr, struct printf_spec spec) { int err = PTR_ERR(ptr); const char *sym = errname(err); if (sym) return string_nocheck(buf, end, sym, spec); /* * Somebody passed ERR_PTR(-1234) or some other non-existing * Efoo - or perhaps CONFIG_SYMBOLIC_ERRNAME=n. Fall back to * printing it as its decimal representation. */ spec.flags |= SIGN; spec.base = 10; return number(buf, end, err, spec); } /* Be careful: error messages must fit into the given buffer. */ static char *error_string(char *buf, char *end, const char *s, struct printf_spec spec) { /* * Hard limit to avoid a completely insane messages. It actually * works pretty well because most error messages are in * the many pointer format modifiers. */ if (spec.precision == -1) spec.precision = 2 * sizeof(void *); return string_nocheck(buf, end, s, spec); } /* * Do not call any complex external code here. Nested printk()/vsprintf() * might cause infinite loops. Failures might break printk() and would * be hard to debug. */ static const char *check_pointer_msg(const void *ptr) { if (!ptr) return "(null)"; if ((unsigned long)ptr < PAGE_SIZE || IS_ERR_VALUE(ptr)) return "(efault)"; return NULL; } static int check_pointer(char **buf, char *end, const void *ptr, struct printf_spec spec) { const char *err_msg; err_msg = check_pointer_msg(ptr); if (err_msg) { *buf = error_string(*buf, end, err_msg, spec); return -EFAULT; } return 0; } static noinline_for_stack char *string(char *buf, char *end, const char *s, struct printf_spec spec) { if (check_pointer(&buf, end, s, spec)) return buf; return string_nocheck(buf, end, s, spec); } static char *pointer_string(char *buf, char *end, const void *ptr, struct printf_spec spec) { spec.base = 16; spec.flags |= SMALL; if (spec.field_width == -1) { spec.field_width = 2 * sizeof(ptr); spec.flags |= ZEROPAD; } return number(buf, end, (unsigned long int)ptr, spec); } /* Make pointers available for printing early in the boot sequence. */ static int debug_boot_weak_hash __ro_after_init; static int __init debug_boot_weak_hash_enable(char *str) { debug_boot_weak_hash = 1; pr_info("debug_boot_weak_hash enabled\n"); return 0; } early_param("debug_boot_weak_hash", debug_boot_weak_hash_enable); static DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(not_filled_random_ptr_key); static siphash_key_t ptr_key __read_mostly; static void enable_ptr_key_workfn(struct work_struct *work) { get_random_bytes(&ptr_key, sizeof(ptr_key)); /* Needs to run from preemptible context */ static_branch_disable(&not_filled_random_ptr_key); } static DECLARE_WORK(enable_ptr_key_work, enable_ptr_key_workfn); static void fill_random_ptr_key(struct random_ready_callback *unused) { /* This may be in an interrupt handler. */ queue_work(system_unbound_wq, &enable_ptr_key_work); } static struct random_ready_callback random_ready = { .func = fill_random_ptr_key }; static int __init initialize_ptr_random(void) { int key_size = sizeof(ptr_key); int ret; /* Use hw RNG if available. */ if (get_random_bytes_arch(&ptr_key, key_size) == key_size) { static_branch_disable(&not_filled_random_ptr_key); return 0; } ret = add_random_ready_callback(&random_ready); if (!ret) { return 0; } else if (ret == -EALREADY) { /* This is in preemptible context */ enable_ptr_key_workfn(&enable_ptr_key_work); return 0; } return ret; } early_initcall(initialize_ptr_random); /* Maps a pointer to a 32 bit unique identifier. */ static inline int __ptr_to_hashval(const void *ptr, unsigned long *hashval_out) { unsigned long hashval; if (static_branch_unlikely(&not_filled_random_ptr_key)) return -EAGAIN; #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT hashval = (unsigned long)siphash_1u64((u64)ptr, &ptr_key); /* * Mask off the first 32 bits, this makes explicit that we have * modified the address (and 32 bits is plenty for a unique ID). */ hashval = hashval & 0xffffffff; #else hashval = (unsigned long)siphash_1u32((u32)ptr, &ptr_key); #endif *hashval_out = hashval; return 0; } int ptr_to_hashval(const void *ptr, unsigned long *hashval_out) { return __ptr_to_hashval(ptr, hashval_out); } static char *ptr_to_id(char *buf, char *end, const void *ptr, struct printf_spec spec) { const char *str = sizeof(ptr) == 8 ? "(____ptrval____)" : "(ptrval)"; unsigned long hashval; int ret; /* * Print the real pointer value for NULL and error pointers, * as they are not actual addresses. */ if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(ptr)) return pointer_string(buf, end, ptr, spec); /* When debugging early boot use non-cryptographically secure hash. */ if (unlikely(debug_boot_weak_hash)) { hashval = hash_long((unsigned long)ptr, 32); return pointer_string(buf, end, (const void *)hashval, spec); } ret = __ptr_to_hashval(ptr, &hashval); if (ret) { spec.field_width = 2 * sizeof(ptr); /* string length must be less than default_width */ return error_string(buf, end, str, spec); } return pointer_string(buf, end, (const void *)hashval, spec); } int kptr_restrict __read_mostly; static noinline_for_stack char *restricted_pointer(char *buf, char *end, const void *ptr, struct printf_spec spec) { switch (kptr_restrict) { case 0: /* Handle as %p, hash and do _not_ leak addresses. */ return ptr_to_id(buf, end, ptr, spec); case 1: { const struct cred *cred; /* * kptr_restrict==1 cannot be used in IRQ context * because its test for CAP_SYSLOG would be meaningless. */ if (in_irq() || in_serving_softirq() || in_nmi()) { if (spec.field_width == -1) spec.field_width = 2 * sizeof(ptr); return error_string(buf, end, "pK-error", spec); } /* * Only print the real pointer value if the current * process has CAP_SYSLOG and is running with the * same credentials it started with. This is because * access to files is checked at open() time, but %pK * checks permission at read() time. We don't want to * leak pointer values if a binary opens a file using * %pK and then elevates privileges before reading it. */ cred = current_cred(); if (!has_capability_noaudit(current, CAP_SYSLOG) || !uid_eq(cred->euid, cred->uid) || !gid_eq(cred->egid, cred->gid)) ptr = NULL; break; } case 2: default: /* Always print 0's for %pK */ ptr = NULL; break; } return pointer_string(buf, end, ptr, spec); } static noinline_for_stack char *dentry_name(char *buf, char *end, const struct dentry *d, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { const char *array[4], *s; const struct dentry *p; int depth; int i, n; switch (fmt[1]) { case '2': case '3': case '4': depth = fmt[1] - '0'; break; default: depth = 1; } rcu_read_lock(); for (i = 0; i < depth; i++, d = p) { if (check_pointer(&buf, end, d, spec)) { rcu_read_unlock(); return buf; } p = READ_ONCE(d->d_parent); array[i] = READ_ONCE(d->d_name.name); if (p == d) { if (i) array[i] = ""; i++; break; } } s = array[--i]; for (n = 0; n != spec.precision; n++, buf++) { char c = *s++; if (!c) { if (!i) break; c = '/'; s = array[--i]; } if (buf < end) *buf = c; } rcu_read_unlock(); return widen_string(buf, n, end, spec); } static noinline_for_stack char *file_dentry_name(char *buf, char *end, const struct file *f, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { if (check_pointer(&buf, end, f, spec)) return buf; return dentry_name(buf, end, f->f_path.dentry, spec, fmt); } #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK static noinline_for_stack char *bdev_name(char *buf, char *end, struct block_device *bdev, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { struct gendisk *hd; if (check_pointer(&buf, end, bdev, spec)) return buf; hd = bdev->bd_disk; buf = string(buf, end, hd->disk_name, spec); if (bdev->bd_partno) { if (isdigit(hd->disk_name[strlen(hd->disk_name)-1])) { if (buf < end) *buf = 'p'; buf++; } buf = number(buf, end, bdev->bd_partno, spec); } return buf; } #endif static noinline_for_stack char *symbol_string(char *buf, char *end, void *ptr, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { unsigned long value; #ifdef CONFIG_KALLSYMS char sym[KSYM_SYMBOL_LEN]; #endif if (fmt[1] == 'R') ptr = __builtin_extract_return_addr(ptr); value = (unsigned long)ptr; #ifdef CONFIG_KALLSYMS if (*fmt == 'B') sprint_backtrace(sym, value); else if (*fmt != 's') sprint_symbol(sym, value); else sprint_symbol_no_offset(sym, value); return string_nocheck(buf, end, sym, spec); #else return special_hex_number(buf, end, value, sizeof(void *)); #endif } static const struct printf_spec default_str_spec = { .field_width = -1, .precision = -1, }; static const struct printf_spec default_flag_spec = { .base = 16, .precision = -1, .flags = SPECIAL | SMALL, }; static const struct printf_spec default_dec_spec = { .base = 10, .precision = -1, }; static const struct printf_spec default_dec02_spec = { .base = 10, .field_width = 2, .precision = -1, .flags = ZEROPAD, }; static const struct printf_spec default_dec04_spec = { .base = 10, .field_width = 4, .precision = -1, .flags = ZEROPAD, }; static noinline_for_stack char *resource_string(char *buf, char *end, struct resource *res, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { #ifndef IO_RSRC_PRINTK_SIZE #define IO_RSRC_PRINTK_SIZE 6 #endif #ifndef MEM_RSRC_PRINTK_SIZE #define MEM_RSRC_PRINTK_SIZE 10 #endif static const struct printf_spec io_spec = { .base = 16, .field_width = IO_RSRC_PRINTK_SIZE, .precision = -1, .flags = SPECIAL | SMALL | ZEROPAD, }; static const struct printf_spec mem_spec = { .base = 16, .field_width = MEM_RSRC_PRINTK_SIZE, .precision = -1, .flags = SPECIAL | SMALL | ZEROPAD, }; static const struct printf_spec bus_spec = { .base = 16, .field_width = 2, .precision = -1, .flags = SMALL | ZEROPAD, }; static const struct printf_spec str_spec = { .field_width = -1, .precision = 10, .flags = LEFT, }; /* 32-bit res (sizeof==4): 10 chars in dec, 10 in hex ("0x" + 8) * 64-bit res (sizeof==8): 20 chars in dec, 18 in hex ("0x" + 16) */ #define RSRC_BUF_SIZE ((2 * sizeof(resource_size_t)) + 4) #define FLAG_BUF_SIZE (2 * sizeof(res->flags)) #define DECODED_BUF_SIZE sizeof("[mem - 64bit pref window disabled]") #define RAW_BUF_SIZE sizeof("[mem - flags 0x]") char sym[max(2*RSRC_BUF_SIZE + DECODED_BUF_SIZE, 2*RSRC_BUF_SIZE + FLAG_BUF_SIZE + RAW_BUF_SIZE)]; char *p = sym, *pend = sym + sizeof(sym); int decode = (fmt[0] == 'R') ? 1 : 0; const struct printf_spec *specp; if (check_pointer(&buf, end, res, spec)) return buf; *p++ = '['; if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_IO) { p = string_nocheck(p, pend, "io ", str_spec); specp = &io_spec; } else if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_MEM) { p = string_nocheck(p, pend, "mem ", str_spec); specp = &mem_spec; } else if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_IRQ) { p = string_nocheck(p, pend, "irq ", str_spec); specp = &default_dec_spec; } else if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_DMA) { p = string_nocheck(p, pend, "dma ", str_spec); specp = &default_dec_spec; } else if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_BUS) { p = string_nocheck(p, pend, "bus ", str_spec); specp = &bus_spec; } else { p = string_nocheck(p, pend, "??? ", str_spec); specp = &mem_spec; decode = 0; } if (decode && res->flags & IORESOURCE_UNSET) { p = string_nocheck(p, pend, "size ", str_spec); p = number(p, pend, resource_size(res), *specp); } else { p = number(p, pend, res->start, *specp); if (res->start != res->end) { *p++ = '-'; p = number(p, pend, res->end, *specp); } } if (decode) { if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_MEM_64) p = string_nocheck(p, pend, " 64bit", str_spec); if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_PREFETCH) p = string_nocheck(p, pend, " pref", str_spec); if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_WINDOW) p = string_nocheck(p, pend, " window", str_spec); if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_DISABLED) p = string_nocheck(p, pend, " disabled", str_spec); } else { p = string_nocheck(p, pend, " flags ", str_spec); p = number(p, pend, res->flags, default_flag_spec); } *p++ = ']'; *p = '\0'; return string_nocheck(buf, end, sym, spec); } static noinline_for_stack char *hex_string(char *buf, char *end, u8 *addr, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { int i, len = 1; /* if we pass '%ph[CDN]', field width remains negative value, fallback to the default */ char separator; if (spec.field_width == 0) /* nothing to print */ return buf; if (check_pointer(&buf, end, addr, spec)) return buf; switch (fmt[1]) { case 'C': separator = ':'; break; case 'D': separator = '-'; break; case 'N': separator = 0; break; default: separator = ' '; break; } if (spec.field_width > 0) len = min_t(int, spec.field_width, 64); for (i = 0; i < len; ++i) { if (buf < end) *buf = hex_asc_hi(addr[i]); ++buf; if (buf < end) *buf = hex_asc_lo(addr[i]); ++buf; if (separator && i != len - 1) { if (buf < end) *buf = separator; ++buf; } } return buf; } static noinline_for_stack char *bitmap_string(char *buf, char *end, unsigned long *bitmap, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { const int CHUNKSZ = 32; int nr_bits = max_t(int, spec.field_width, 0); int i, chunksz; bool first = true; if (check_pointer(&buf, end, bitmap, spec)) return buf; /* reused to print numbers */ spec = (struct printf_spec){ .flags = SMALL | ZEROPAD, .base = 16 }; chunksz = nr_bits & (CHUNKSZ - 1); if (chunksz == 0) chunksz = CHUNKSZ; i = ALIGN(nr_bits, CHUNKSZ) - CHUNKSZ; for (; i >= 0; i -= CHUNKSZ) { u32 chunkmask, val; int word, bit; chunkmask = ((1ULL << chunksz) - 1); word = i / BITS_PER_LONG; bit = i % BITS_PER_LONG; val = (bitmap[word] >> bit) & chunkmask; if (!first) { if (buf < end) *buf = ','; buf++; } first = false; spec.field_width = DIV_ROUND_UP(chunksz, 4); buf = number(buf, end, val, spec); chunksz = CHUNKSZ; } return buf; } static noinline_for_stack char *bitmap_list_string(char *buf, char *end, unsigned long *bitmap, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { int nr_bits = max_t(int, spec.field_width, 0); /* current bit is 'cur', most recently seen range is [rbot, rtop] */ int cur, rbot, rtop; bool first = true; if (check_pointer(&buf, end, bitmap, spec)) return buf; rbot = cur = find_first_bit(bitmap, nr_bits); while (cur < nr_bits) { rtop = cur; cur = find_next_bit(bitmap, nr_bits, cur + 1); if (cur < nr_bits && cur <= rtop + 1) continue; if (!first) { if (buf < end) *buf = ','; buf++; } first = false; buf = number(buf, end, rbot, default_dec_spec); if (rbot < rtop) { if (buf < end) *buf = '-'; buf++; buf = number(buf, end, rtop, default_dec_spec); } rbot = cur; } return buf; } static noinline_for_stack char *mac_address_string(char *buf, char *end, u8 *addr, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { char mac_addr[sizeof("xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx")]; char *p = mac_addr; int i; char separator; bool reversed = false; if (check_pointer(&buf, end, addr, spec)) return buf; switch (fmt[1]) { case 'F': separator = '-'; break; case 'R': reversed = true; /* fall through */ default: separator = ':'; break; } for (i = 0; i < 6; i++) { if (reversed) p = hex_byte_pack(p, addr[5 - i]); else p = hex_byte_pack(p, addr[i]); if (fmt[0] == 'M' && i != 5) *p++ = separator; } *p = '\0'; return string_nocheck(buf, end, mac_addr, spec); } static noinline_for_stack char *ip4_string(char *p, const u8 *addr, const char *fmt) { int i; bool leading_zeros = (fmt[0] == 'i'); int index; int step; switch (fmt[2]) { case 'h': #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN index = 0; step = 1; #else index = 3; step = -1; #endif break; case 'l': index = 3; step = -1; break; case 'n': case 'b': default: index = 0; step = 1; break; } for (i = 0; i < 4; i++) { char temp[4] __aligned(2); /* hold each IP quad in reverse order */ int digits = put_dec_trunc8(temp, addr[index]) - temp; if (leading_zeros) { if (digits < 3) *p++ = '0'; if (digits < 2) *p++ = '0'; } /* reverse the digits in the quad */ while (digits--) *p++ = temp[digits]; if (i < 3) *p++ = '.'; index += step; } *p = '\0'; return p; } static noinline_for_stack char *ip6_compressed_string(char *p, const char *addr) { int i, j, range; unsigned char zerolength[8]; int longest = 1; int colonpos = -1; u16 word; u8 hi, lo; bool needcolon = false; bool useIPv4; struct in6_addr in6; memcpy(&in6, addr, sizeof(struct in6_addr)); useIPv4 = ipv6_addr_v4mapped(&in6) || ipv6_addr_is_isatap(&in6); memset(zerolength, 0, sizeof(zerolength)); if (useIPv4) range = 6; else range = 8; /* find position of longest 0 run */ for (i = 0; i < range; i++) { for (j = i; j < range; j++) { if (in6.s6_addr16[j] != 0) break; zerolength[i]++; } } for (i = 0; i < range; i++) { if (zerolength[i] > longest) { longest = zerolength[i]; colonpos = i; } } if (longest == 1) /* don't compress a single 0 */ colonpos = -1; /* emit address */ for (i = 0; i < range; i++) { if (i == colonpos) { if (needcolon || i == 0) *p++ = ':'; *p++ = ':'; needcolon = false; i += longest - 1; continue; } if (needcolon) { *p++ = ':'; needcolon = false; } /* hex u16 without leading 0s */ word = ntohs(in6.s6_addr16[i]); hi = word >> 8; lo = word & 0xff; if (hi) { if (hi > 0x0f) p = hex_byte_pack(p, hi); else *p++ = hex_asc_lo(hi); p = hex_byte_pack(p, lo); } else if (lo > 0x0f) p = hex_byte_pack(p, lo); else *p++ = hex_asc_lo(lo); needcolon = true; } if (useIPv4) { if (needcolon) *p++ = ':'; p = ip4_string(p, &in6.s6_addr[12], "I4"); } *p = '\0'; return p; } static noinline_for_stack char *ip6_string(char *p, const char *addr, const char *fmt) { int i; for (i = 0; i < 8; i++) { p = hex_byte_pack(p, *addr++); p = hex_byte_pack(p, *addr++); if (fmt[0] == 'I' && i != 7) *p++ = ':'; } *p = '\0'; return p; } static noinline_for_stack char *ip6_addr_string(char *buf, char *end, const u8 *addr, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { char ip6_addr[sizeof("xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:255.255.255.255")]; if (fmt[0] == 'I' && fmt[2] == 'c') ip6_compressed_string(ip6_addr, addr); else ip6_string(ip6_addr, addr, fmt); return string_nocheck(buf, end, ip6_addr, spec); } static noinline_for_stack char *ip4_addr_string(char *buf, char *end, const u8 *addr, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { char ip4_addr[sizeof("255.255.255.255")]; ip4_string(ip4_addr, addr, fmt); return string_nocheck(buf, end, ip4_addr, spec); } static noinline_for_stack char *ip6_addr_string_sa(char *buf, char *end, const struct sockaddr_in6 *sa, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { bool have_p = false, have_s = false, have_f = false, have_c = false; char ip6_addr[sizeof("[xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:255.255.255.255]") + sizeof(":12345") + sizeof("/123456789") + sizeof("%1234567890")]; char *p = ip6_addr, *pend = ip6_addr + sizeof(ip6_addr); const u8 *addr = (const u8 *) &sa->sin6_addr; char fmt6[2] = { fmt[0], '6' }; u8 off = 0;