1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_WORD_AT_A_TIME_H #define _ASM_WORD_AT_A_TIME_H #include <linux/kernel.h> /* * This is largely generic for little-endian machines, but the * optimal byte mask counting is probably going to be something * that is architecture-specific. If you have a reliably fast * bit count instruction, that might be better than the multiply * and shift, for example. */ struct word_at_a_time { const unsigned long one_bits, high_bits; }; #define WORD_AT_A_TIME_CONSTANTS { REPEAT_BYTE(0x01), REPEAT_BYTE(0x80) } #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT /* * Jan Achrenius on G+: microoptimized version of * the simpler "(mask & ONEBYTES) * ONEBYTES >> 56" * that works for the bytemasks without having to * mask them first. */ static inline long count_masked_bytes(unsigned long mask) { return mask*0x0001020304050608ul >> 56; } #else /* 32-bit case */ /* Carl Chatfield / Jan Achrenius G+ version for 32-bit */ static inline long count_masked_bytes(long mask) { /* (000000 0000ff 00ffff ffffff) -> ( 1 1 2 3 ) */ long a = (0x0ff0001+mask) >> 23; /* Fix the 1 for 00 case */ return a & mask; } #endif /* Return nonzero if it has a zero */ static inline unsigned long has_zero(unsigned long a, unsigned long *bits, const struct word_at_a_time *c) { unsigned long mask = ((a - c->one_bits) & ~a) & c->high_bits; *bits = mask; return mask; } static inline unsigned long prep_zero_mask(unsigned long a, unsigned long bits, const struct word_at_a_time *c) { return bits; } static inline unsigned long create_zero_mask(unsigned long bits) { bits = (bits - 1) & ~bits; return bits >> 7; } /* The mask we created is directly usable as a bytemask */ #define zero_bytemask(mask) (mask) static inline unsigned long find_zero(unsigned long mask) { return count_masked_bytes(mask); } /* * Load an unaligned word from kernel space. * * In the (very unlikely) case of the word being a page-crosser * and the next page not being mapped, take the exception and * return zeroes in the non-existing part. */ static inline unsigned long load_unaligned_zeropad(const void *addr) { unsigned long ret, dummy; asm( "1:\tmov %2,%0\n" "2:\n" ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" "3:\t" "lea %2,%1\n\t" "and %3,%1\n\t" "mov (%1),%0\n\t" "leal %2,%%ecx\n\t" "andl %4,%%ecx\n\t" "shll $3,%%ecx\n\t" "shr %%cl,%0\n\t" "jmp 2b\n" ".previous\n" _ASM_EXTABLE(1b, 3b) :"=&r" (ret),"=&c" (dummy) :"m" (*(unsigned long *)addr), "i" (-sizeof(unsigned long)), "i" (sizeof(unsigned long)-1)); return ret; } #endif /* _ASM_WORD_AT_A_TIME_H */
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2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036 2037 2038 2039 2040 2041 2042 2043 2044 2045 2046 2047 2048 2049 2050 2051 2052 2053 2054 2055 2056 2057 2058 2059 2060 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_BLKDEV_H #define _LINUX_BLKDEV_H #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/clock.h> #include <linux/major.h> #include <linux/genhd.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/llist.h> #include <linux/minmax.h> #include <linux/timer.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/backing-dev-defs.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/mempool.h> #include <linux/pfn.h> #include <linux/bio.h> #include <linux/stringify.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/bsg.h> #include <linux/smp.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/percpu-refcount.h> #include <linux/scatterlist.h> #include <linux/blkzoned.h> #include <linux/pm.h> struct module; struct scsi_ioctl_command; struct request_queue; struct elevator_queue; struct blk_trace; struct request; struct sg_io_hdr; struct bsg_job; struct blkcg_gq; struct blk_flush_queue; struct pr_ops; struct rq_qos; struct blk_queue_stats; struct blk_stat_callback; struct blk_keyslot_manager; #define BLKDEV_MIN_RQ 4 #define BLKDEV_MAX_RQ 128 /* Default maximum */ /* Must be consistent with blk_mq_poll_stats_bkt() */ #define BLK_MQ_POLL_STATS_BKTS 16 /* Doing classic polling */ #define BLK_MQ_POLL_CLASSIC -1 /* * Maximum number of blkcg policies allowed to be registered concurrently. * Defined here to simplify include dependency. */ #define BLKCG_MAX_POLS 5 static inline int blk_validate_block_size(unsigned int bsize) { if (bsize < 512 || bsize > PAGE_SIZE || !is_power_of_2(bsize)) return -EINVAL; return 0; } typedef void (rq_end_io_fn)(struct request *, blk_status_t); /* * request flags */ typedef __u32 __bitwise req_flags_t; /* elevator knows about this request */ #define RQF_SORTED ((__force req_flags_t)(1 << 0)) /* drive already may have started this one */ #define RQF_STARTED ((__force req_flags_t)(1 << 1)) /* may not be passed by ioscheduler */ #define RQF_SOFTBARRIER ((__force req_flags_t)(1 << 3)) /* request for flush sequence */ #define RQF_FLUSH_SEQ ((__force req_flags_t)(1 << 4)) /* merge of different types, fail separately */ #define RQF_MIXED_MERGE ((__force req_flags_t)(1 << 5)) /* track inflight for MQ */ #define RQF_MQ_INFLIGHT ((__force req_flags_t)(1 << 6)) /* don't call prep for this one */ #define RQF_DONTPREP ((__force req_flags_t)(1 << 7)) /* vaguely specified driver internal error. Ignored by the block layer */ #define RQF_FAILED ((__force req_flags_t)(1 << 10)) /* don't warn about errors */ #define RQF_QUIET ((__force req_flags_t)(1 << 11)) /* elevator private data attached */ #define RQF_ELVPRIV ((__force req_flags_t)(1 << 12)) /* account into disk and partition IO statistics */ #define RQF_IO_STAT ((__force req_flags_t)(1 << 13)) /* request came from our alloc pool */ #define RQF_ALLOCED ((__force req_flags_t)(1 << 14)) /* runtime pm request */ #define RQF_PM ((__force req_flags_t)(1 << 15)) /* on IO scheduler merge hash */ #define RQF_HASHED ((__force req_flags_t)(1 << 16)) /* track IO completion time */ #define RQF_STATS ((__force req_flags_t)(1 << 17)) /* Look at ->special_vec for the actual data payload instead of the bio chain. */ #define RQF_SPECIAL_PAYLOAD ((__force req_flags_t)(1 << 18)) /* The per-zone write lock is held for this request */ #define RQF_ZONE_WRITE_LOCKED ((__force req_flags_t)(1 << 19)) /* already slept for hybrid poll */ #define RQF_MQ_POLL_SLEPT ((__force req_flags_t)(1 << 20)) /* ->timeout has been called, don't expire again */ #define RQF_TIMED_OUT ((__force req_flags_t)(1 << 21)) /* flags that prevent us from merging requests: */ #define RQF_NOMERGE_FLAGS \ (RQF_STARTED | RQF_SOFTBARRIER | RQF_FLUSH_SEQ | RQF_SPECIAL_PAYLOAD) /* * Request state for blk-mq. */ enum mq_rq_state { MQ_RQ_IDLE = 0, MQ_RQ_IN_FLIGHT = 1, MQ_RQ_COMPLETE = 2, }; /* * Try to put the fields that are referenced together in the same cacheline. * * If you modify this structure, make sure to update blk_rq_init() and * especially blk_mq_rq_ctx_init() to take care of the added fields. */ struct request { struct request_queue *q; struct blk_mq_ctx *mq_ctx; struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *mq_hctx; unsigned int cmd_flags; /* op and common flags */ req_flags_t rq_flags; int tag; int internal_tag; /* the following two fields are internal, NEVER access directly */ unsigned int __data_len; /* total data len */ sector_t __sector; /* sector cursor */ struct bio *bio; struct bio *biotail; struct list_head queuelist; /* * The hash is used inside the scheduler, and killed once the * request reaches the dispatch list. The ipi_list is only used * to queue the request for softirq completion, which is long * after the request has been unhashed (and even removed from * the dispatch list). */ union { struct hlist_node hash; /* merge hash */ struct list_head ipi_list; }; /* * The rb_node is only used inside the io scheduler, requests * are pruned when moved to the dispatch queue. So let the * completion_data share space with the rb_node. */ union { struct rb_node rb_node; /* sort/lookup */ struct bio_vec special_vec; void *completion_data; int error_count; /* for legacy drivers, don't use */ }; /* * Three pointers are available for the IO schedulers, if they need * more they have to dynamically allocate it. Flush requests are * never put on the IO scheduler. So let the flush fields share * space with the elevator data. */ union { struct { struct io_cq *icq; void *priv[2]; } elv; struct { unsigned int seq; struct list_head list; rq_end_io_fn *saved_end_io; } flush; }; struct gendisk *rq_disk; struct hd_struct *part; #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_RQ_ALLOC_TIME /* Time that the first bio started allocating this request. */ u64 alloc_time_ns; #endif /* Time that this request was allocated for this IO. */ u64 start_time_ns; /* Time that I/O was submitted to the device. */ u64 io_start_time_ns; #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_WBT unsigned short wbt_flags; #endif /* * rq sectors used for blk stats. It has the same value * with blk_rq_sectors(rq), except that it never be zeroed * by completion. */ unsigned short stats_sectors; /* * Number of scatter-gather DMA addr+len pairs after * physical address coalescing is performed. */ unsigned short nr_phys_segments; #if defined(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY) unsigned short nr_integrity_segments; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_INLINE_ENCRYPTION struct bio_crypt_ctx *crypt_ctx; struct blk_ksm_keyslot *crypt_keyslot; #endif unsigned short write_hint; unsigned short ioprio; enum mq_rq_state state; refcount_t ref; unsigned int timeout; unsigned long deadline; union { struct __call_single_data csd; u64 fifo_time; }; /* * completion callback. */ rq_end_io_fn *end_io; void *end_io_data; }; static inline bool blk_op_is_scsi(unsigned int op) { return op == REQ_OP_SCSI_IN || op == REQ_OP_SCSI_OUT; } static inline bool blk_op_is_private(unsigned int op) { return op == REQ_OP_DRV_IN || op == REQ_OP_DRV_OUT; } static inline bool blk_rq_is_scsi(struct request *rq) { return blk_op_is_scsi(req_op(rq)); } static inline bool blk_rq_is_private(struct request *rq) { return blk_op_is_private(req_op(rq)); } static inline bool blk_rq_is_passthrough(struct request *rq) { return blk_rq_is_scsi(rq) || blk_rq_is_private(rq); } static inline bool bio_is_passthrough(struct bio *bio) { unsigned op = bio_op(bio); return blk_op_is_scsi(op) || blk_op_is_private(op); } static inline unsigned short req_get_ioprio(struct request *req) { return req->ioprio; } #include <linux/elevator.h> struct blk_queue_ctx; struct bio_vec; enum blk_eh_timer_return { BLK_EH_DONE, /* drivers has completed the command */ BLK_EH_RESET_TIMER, /* reset timer and try again */ }; enum blk_queue_state { Queue_down, Queue_up, }; #define BLK_TAG_ALLOC_FIFO 0 /* allocate starting from 0 */ #define BLK_TAG_ALLOC_RR 1 /* allocate starting from last allocated tag */ #define BLK_SCSI_MAX_CMDS (256) #define BLK_SCSI_CMD_PER_LONG (BLK_SCSI_MAX_CMDS / (sizeof(long) * 8)) /* * Zoned block device models (zoned limit). * * Note: This needs to be ordered from the least to the most severe * restrictions for the inheritance in blk_stack_limits() to work. */ enum blk_zoned_model { BLK_ZONED_NONE = 0, /* Regular block device */ BLK_ZONED_HA, /* Host-aware zoned block device */ BLK_ZONED_HM, /* Host-managed zoned block device */ }; struct queue_limits { unsigned long bounce_pfn; unsigned long seg_boundary_mask; unsigned long virt_boundary_mask; unsigned int max_hw_sectors; unsigned int max_dev_sectors; unsigned int chunk_sectors; unsigned int max_sectors; unsigned int max_segment_size; unsigned int physical_block_size; unsigned int logical_block_size; unsigned int alignment_offset; unsigned int io_min; unsigned int io_opt; unsigned int max_discard_sectors; unsigned int max_hw_discard_sectors; unsigned int max_write_same_sectors; unsigned int max_write_zeroes_sectors; unsigned int max_zone_append_sectors; unsigned int discard_granularity; unsigned int discard_alignment; unsigned short max_segments; unsigned short max_integrity_segments; unsigned short max_discard_segments; unsigned char misaligned; unsigned char discard_misaligned; unsigned char raid_partial_stripes_expensive; enum blk_zoned_model zoned; }; typedef int (*report_zones_cb)(struct blk_zone *zone, unsigned int idx, void *data); void blk_queue_set_zoned(struct gendisk *disk, enum blk_zoned_model model); #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED #define BLK_ALL_ZONES ((unsigned int)-1) int blkdev_report_zones(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t sector, unsigned int nr_zones, report_zones_cb cb, void *data); unsigned int blkdev_nr_zones(struct gendisk *disk); extern int blkdev_zone_mgmt(struct block_device *bdev, enum req_opf op, sector_t sectors, sector_t nr_sectors, gfp_t gfp_mask); int blk_revalidate_disk_zones(struct gendisk *disk, void (*update_driver_data)(struct gendisk *disk)); extern int blkdev_report_zones_ioctl(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); extern int blkdev_zone_mgmt_ioctl(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); #else /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED */ static inline unsigned int blkdev_nr_zones(struct gendisk *disk) { return 0; } static inline int blkdev_report_zones_ioctl(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg) { return -ENOTTY; } static inline int blkdev_zone_mgmt_ioctl(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg) { return -ENOTTY; } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED */ struct request_queue { struct request *last_merge; struct elevator_queue *elevator; struct percpu_ref q_usage_counter; struct blk_queue_stats *stats; struct rq_qos *rq_qos; const struct blk_mq_ops *mq_ops; /* sw queues */ struct blk_mq_ctx __percpu *queue_ctx; unsigned int queue_depth; /* hw dispatch queues */ struct blk_mq_hw_ctx **queue_hw_ctx; unsigned int nr_hw_queues; struct backing_dev_info *backing_dev_info; /* * The queue owner gets to use this for whatever they like. * ll_rw_blk doesn't touch it. */ void *queuedata; /* * various queue flags, see QUEUE_* below */ unsigned long queue_flags; /* * Number of contexts that have called blk_set_pm_only(). If this * counter is above zero then only RQF_PM requests are processed. */ atomic_t pm_only; /* * ida allocated id for this queue. Used to index queues from * ioctx. */ int id; /* * queue needs bounce pages for pages above this limit */ gfp_t bounce_gfp; spinlock_t queue_lock; /* * queue kobject */ struct kobject kobj; /* * mq queue kobject */ struct kobject *mq_kobj; #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY struct blk_integrity integrity; #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY */ #ifdef CONFIG_PM struct device *dev; enum rpm_status rpm_status; unsigned int nr_pending; #endif /* * queue settings */ unsigned long nr_requests; /* Max # of requests */ unsigned int dma_pad_mask; unsigned int dma_alignment; #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_INLINE_ENCRYPTION /* Inline crypto capabilities */ struct blk_keyslot_manager *ksm; #endif unsigned int rq_timeout; int poll_nsec; struct blk_stat_callback *poll_cb; struct blk_rq_stat poll_stat[BLK_MQ_POLL_STATS_BKTS]; struct timer_list timeout; struct work_struct timeout_work; atomic_t nr_active_requests_shared_sbitmap; struct list_head icq_list; #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP DECLARE_BITMAP (blkcg_pols, BLKCG_MAX_POLS); struct blkcg_gq *root_blkg; struct list_head blkg_list; #endif struct queue_limits limits; unsigned int required_elevator_features; #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED /* * Zoned block device information for request dispatch control. * nr_zones is the total number of zones of the device. This is always * 0 for regular block devices. conv_zones_bitmap is a bitmap of nr_zones * bits which indicates if a zone is conventional (bit set) or * sequential (bit clear). seq_zones_wlock is a bitmap of nr_zones * bits which indicates if a zone is write locked, that is, if a write * request targeting the zone was dispatched. All three fields are * initialized by the low level device driver (e.g. scsi/sd.c). * Stacking drivers (device mappers) may or may not initialize * these fields. * * Reads of this information must be protected with blk_queue_enter() / * blk_queue_exit(). Modifying this information is only allowed while * no requests are being processed. See also blk_mq_freeze_queue() and * blk_mq_unfreeze_queue(). */ unsigned int nr_zones; unsigned long *conv_zones_bitmap; unsigned long *seq_zones_wlock; unsigned int max_open_zones; unsigned int max_active_zones; #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED */ /* * sg stuff */ unsigned int sg_timeout; unsigned int sg_reserved_size; int node; struct mutex debugfs_mutex; #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_IO_TRACE struct blk_trace __rcu *blk_trace; #endif /* * for flush operations */ struct blk_flush_queue *fq; struct list_head requeue_list; spinlock_t requeue_lock; struct delayed_work requeue_work; struct mutex sysfs_lock; struct mutex sysfs_dir_lock; /* * for reusing dead hctx instance in case of updating * nr_hw_queues */ struct list_head unused_hctx_list; spinlock_t unused_hctx_lock; int mq_freeze_depth; #if defined(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_BSG) struct bsg_class_device bsg_dev; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_THROTTLING /* Throttle data */ struct throtl_data *td; #endif struct rcu_head rcu_head; wait_queue_head_t mq_freeze_wq; /* * Protect concurrent access to q_usage_counter by * percpu_ref_kill() and percpu_ref_reinit(). */ struct mutex mq_freeze_lock; struct blk_mq_tag_set *tag_set; struct list_head tag_set_list; struct bio_set bio_split; struct dentry *debugfs_dir; #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEBUG_FS struct dentry *sched_debugfs_dir; struct dentry *rqos_debugfs_dir; #endif bool mq_sysfs_init_done; size_t cmd_size; #define BLK_MAX_WRITE_HINTS 5 u64 write_hints[BLK_MAX_WRITE_HINTS]; }; /* Keep blk_queue_flag_name[] in sync with the definitions below */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_STOPPED 0 /* queue is stopped */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_DYING 1 /* queue being torn down */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_NOMERGES 3 /* disable merge attempts */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_SAME_COMP 4 /* complete on same CPU-group */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_FAIL_IO 5 /* fake timeout */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_NONROT 6 /* non-rotational device (SSD) */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_VIRT QUEUE_FLAG_NONROT /* paravirt device */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_IO_STAT 7 /* do disk/partitions IO accounting */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_DISCARD 8 /* supports DISCARD */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_NOXMERGES 9 /* No extended merges */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_ADD_RANDOM 10 /* Contributes to random pool */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_SECERASE 11 /* supports secure erase */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_SAME_FORCE 12 /* force complete on same CPU */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_DEAD 13 /* queue tear-down finished */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_INIT_DONE 14 /* queue is initialized */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_STABLE_WRITES 15 /* don't modify blks until WB is done */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_POLL 16 /* IO polling enabled if set */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_WC 17 /* Write back caching */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_FUA 18 /* device supports FUA writes */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_DAX 19 /* device supports DAX */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_STATS 20 /* track IO start and completion times */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_POLL_STATS 21 /* collecting stats for hybrid polling */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_REGISTERED 22 /* queue has been registered to a disk */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_SCSI_PASSTHROUGH 23 /* queue supports SCSI commands */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_QUIESCED 24 /* queue has been quiesced */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_PCI_P2PDMA 25 /* device supports PCI p2p requests */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_ZONE_RESETALL 26 /* supports Zone Reset All */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_RQ_ALLOC_TIME 27 /* record rq->alloc_time_ns */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_HCTX_ACTIVE 28 /* at least one blk-mq hctx is active */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_NOWAIT 29 /* device supports NOWAIT */ #define QUEUE_FLAG_MQ_DEFAULT ((1 << QUEUE_FLAG_IO_STAT) | \ (1 << QUEUE_FLAG_SAME_COMP) | \ (1 << QUEUE_FLAG_NOWAIT)) void blk_queue_flag_set(unsigned int flag, struct request_queue *q); void blk_queue_flag_clear(unsigned int flag, struct request_queue *q); bool blk_queue_flag_test_and_set(unsigned int flag, struct request_queue *q); #define blk_queue_stopped(q) test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_STOPPED, &(q)->queue_flags) #define blk_queue_dying(q) test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_DYING, &(q)->queue_flags) #define blk_queue_dead(q) test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_DEAD, &(q)->queue_flags) #define blk_queue_init_done(q) test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_INIT_DONE, &(q)->queue_flags) #define blk_queue_nomerges(q) test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_NOMERGES, &(q)->queue_flags) #define blk_queue_noxmerges(q) \ test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_NOXMERGES, &(q)->queue_flags) #define blk_queue_nonrot(q) test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_NONROT, &(q)->queue_flags) #define blk_queue_stable_writes(q) \ test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_STABLE_WRITES, &(q)->queue_flags) #define blk_queue_io_stat(q) test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_IO_STAT, &(q)->queue_flags) #define blk_queue_add_random(q) test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_ADD_RANDOM, &(q)->queue_flags) #define blk_queue_discard(q) test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_DISCARD, &(q)->queue_flags) #define blk_queue_zone_resetall(q) \ test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_ZONE_RESETALL, &(q)->queue_flags) #define blk_queue_secure_erase(q) \ (test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_SECERASE, &(q)->queue_flags)) #define blk_queue_dax(q) test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_DAX, &(q)->queue_flags) #define blk_queue_scsi_passthrough(q) \ test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_SCSI_PASSTHROUGH, &(q)->queue_flags) #define blk_queue_pci_p2pdma(q) \ test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_PCI_P2PDMA, &(q)->queue_flags) #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_RQ_ALLOC_TIME #define blk_queue_rq_alloc_time(q) \ test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_RQ_ALLOC_TIME, &(q)->queue_flags) #else #define blk_queue_rq_alloc_time(q) false #endif #define blk_noretry_request(rq) \ ((rq)->cmd_flags & (REQ_FAILFAST_DEV|REQ_FAILFAST_TRANSPORT| \ REQ_FAILFAST_DRIVER)) #define blk_queue_quiesced(q) test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_QUIESCED, &(q)->queue_flags) #define blk_queue_pm_only(q) atomic_read(&(q)->pm_only) #define blk_queue_fua(q) test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_FUA, &(q)->queue_flags) #define blk_queue_registered(q) test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_REGISTERED, &(q)->queue_flags) #define blk_queue_nowait(q) test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_NOWAIT, &(q)->queue_flags) extern void blk_set_pm_only(struct request_queue *q); extern void blk_clear_pm_only(struct request_queue *q); static inline bool blk_account_rq(struct request *rq) { return (rq->rq_flags & RQF_STARTED) && !blk_rq_is_passthrough(rq); } #define list_entry_rq(ptr) list_entry((ptr), struct request, queuelist) #define rq_data_dir(rq) (op_is_write(req_op(rq)) ? WRITE : READ) #define rq_dma_dir(rq) \ (op_is_write(req_op(rq)) ? DMA_TO_DEVICE : DMA_FROM_DEVICE) #define dma_map_bvec(dev, bv, dir, attrs) \ dma_map_page_attrs(dev, (bv)->bv_page, (bv)->bv_offset, (bv)->bv_len, \ (dir), (attrs)) static inline bool queue_is_mq(struct request_queue *q) { return q->mq_ops; } #ifdef CONFIG_PM static inline enum rpm_status queue_rpm_status(struct request_queue *q) { return q->rpm_status; } #else static inline enum rpm_status queue_rpm_status(struct request_queue *q) { return RPM_ACTIVE; } #endif static inline enum blk_zoned_model blk_queue_zoned_model(struct request_queue *q) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED)) return q->limits.zoned; return BLK_ZONED_NONE; } static inline bool blk_queue_is_zoned(struct request_queue *q) { switch (blk_queue_zoned_model(q)) { case BLK_ZONED_HA: case BLK_ZONED_HM: return true; default: return false; } } static inline sector_t blk_queue_zone_sectors(struct request_queue *q) { return blk_queue_is_zoned(q) ? q->limits.chunk_sectors : 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED static inline unsigned int blk_queue_nr_zones(struct request_queue *q) { return blk_queue_is_zoned(q) ? q->nr_zones : 0; } static inline unsigned int blk_queue_zone_no(struct request_queue *q, sector_t sector) { if (!blk_queue_is_zoned(q)) return 0; return sector >> ilog2(q->limits.chunk_sectors); } static inline bool blk_queue_zone_is_seq(struct request_queue *q, sector_t sector) { if (!blk_queue_is_zoned(q)) return false; if (!q->conv_zones_bitmap) return true; return !test_bit(blk_queue_zone_no(q, sector), q->conv_zones_bitmap); } static inline void blk_queue_max_open_zones(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int max_open_zones) { q->max_open_zones = max_open_zones; } static inline unsigned int queue_max_open_zones(const struct request_queue *q) { return q->max_open_zones; } static inline void blk_queue_max_active_zones(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int max_active_zones) { q->max_active_zones = max_active_zones; } static inline unsigned int queue_max_active_zones(const struct request_queue *q) { return q->max_active_zones; } #else /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED */ static inline unsigned int blk_queue_nr_zones(struct request_queue *q) { return 0; } static inline bool blk_queue_zone_is_seq(struct request_queue *q, sector_t sector) { return false; } static inline unsigned int blk_queue_zone_no(struct request_queue *q, sector_t sector) { return 0; } static inline unsigned int queue_max_open_zones(const struct request_queue *q) { return 0; } static inline unsigned int queue_max_active_zones(const struct request_queue *q) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED */ static inline bool rq_is_sync(struct request *rq) { return op_is_sync(rq->cmd_flags); } static inline bool rq_mergeable(struct request *rq) { if (blk_rq_is_passthrough(rq)) return false; if (req_op(rq) == REQ_OP_FLUSH) return false; if (req_op(rq) == REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES) return false; if (req_op(rq) == REQ_OP_ZONE_APPEND) return false; if (rq->cmd_flags & REQ_NOMERGE_FLAGS) return false; if (rq->rq_flags & RQF_NOMERGE_FLAGS) return false; return true; } static inline bool blk_write_same_mergeable(struct bio *a, struct bio *b) { if (bio_page(a) == bio_page(b) && bio_offset(a) == bio_offset(b)) return true; return false; } static inline unsigned int blk_queue_depth(struct request_queue *q) { if (q->queue_depth) return q->queue_depth; return q->nr_requests; } extern unsigned long blk_max_low_pfn, blk_max_pfn; /* * standard bounce addresses: * * BLK_BOUNCE_HIGH : bounce all highmem pages * BLK_BOUNCE_ANY : don't bounce anything * BLK_BOUNCE_ISA : bounce pages above ISA DMA boundary */ #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 #define BLK_BOUNCE_HIGH ((u64)blk_max_low_pfn << PAGE_SHIFT) #else #define BLK_BOUNCE_HIGH -1ULL #endif #define BLK_BOUNCE_ANY (-1ULL) #define BLK_BOUNCE_ISA (DMA_BIT_MASK(24)) /* * default timeout for SG_IO if none specified */ #define BLK_DEFAULT_SG_TIMEOUT (60 * HZ) #define BLK_MIN_SG_TIMEOUT (7 * HZ) struct rq_map_data { struct page **pages; int page_order; int nr_entries; unsigned long offset; int null_mapped; int from_user; }; struct req_iterator { struct bvec_iter iter; struct bio *bio; }; /* This should not be used directly - use rq_for_each_segment */ #define for_each_bio(_bio) \ for (; _bio; _bio = _bio->bi_next) #define __rq_for_each_bio(_bio, rq) \ if ((rq->bio)) \ for (_bio = (rq)->bio; _bio; _bio = _bio->bi_next) #define rq_for_each_segment(bvl, _rq, _iter) \ __rq_for_each_bio(_iter.bio, _rq) \ bio_for_each_segment(bvl, _iter.bio, _iter.iter) #define rq_for_each_bvec(bvl, _rq, _iter) \ __rq_for_each_bio(_iter.bio, _rq) \ bio_for_each_bvec(bvl, _iter.bio, _iter.iter) #define rq_iter_last(bvec, _iter) \ (_iter.bio->bi_next == NULL && \ bio_iter_last(bvec, _iter.iter)) #ifndef ARCH_IMPLEMENTS_FLUSH_DCACHE_PAGE # error "You should define ARCH_IMPLEMENTS_FLUSH_DCACHE_PAGE for your platform" #endif #if ARCH_IMPLEMENTS_FLUSH_DCACHE_PAGE extern void rq_flush_dcache_pages(struct request *rq); #else static inline void rq_flush_dcache_pages(struct request *rq) { } #endif extern int blk_register_queue(struct gendisk *disk); extern void blk_unregister_queue(struct gendisk *disk); blk_qc_t submit_bio_noacct(struct bio *bio); extern void blk_rq_init(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq); extern void blk_put_request(struct request *); extern struct request *blk_get_request(struct request_queue *, unsigned int op, blk_mq_req_flags_t flags); extern int blk_lld_busy(struct request_queue *q); extern int blk_rq_prep_clone(struct request *rq, struct request *rq_src, struct bio_set *bs, gfp_t gfp_mask, int (*bio_ctr)(struct bio *, struct bio *, void *), void *data); extern void blk_rq_unprep_clone(struct request *rq); extern blk_status_t blk_insert_cloned_request(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq); extern int blk_rq_append_bio(struct request *rq, struct bio **bio); extern void blk_queue_split(struct bio **); extern int scsi_verify_blk_ioctl(struct block_device *, unsigned int); extern int scsi_cmd_blk_ioctl(struct block_device *, fmode_t, unsigned int, void __user *); extern int scsi_cmd_ioctl(struct request_queue *, struct gendisk *, fmode_t, unsigned int, void __user *); extern int sg_scsi_ioctl(struct request_queue *, struct gendisk *, fmode_t, struct scsi_ioctl_command __user *); extern int get_sg_io_hdr(struct sg_io_hdr *hdr, const void __user *argp); extern int put_sg_io_hdr(const struct sg_io_hdr *hdr, void __user *argp); extern int blk_queue_enter(struct request_queue *q, blk_mq_req_flags_t flags); extern void blk_queue_exit(struct request_queue *q); extern void blk_sync_queue(struct request_queue *q); extern int blk_rq_map_user(struct request_queue *, struct request *, struct rq_map_data *, void __user *, unsigned long, gfp_t); extern int blk_rq_unmap_user(struct bio *); extern int blk_rq_map_kern(struct request_queue *, struct request *, void *, unsigned int, gfp_t); extern int blk_rq_map_user_iov(struct request_queue *, struct request *, struct rq_map_data *, const struct iov_iter *, gfp_t); extern void blk_execute_rq(struct request_queue *, struct gendisk *, struct request *, int); extern void blk_execute_rq_nowait(struct request_queue *, struct gendisk *, struct request *, int, rq_end_io_fn *); /* Helper to convert REQ_OP_XXX to its string format XXX */ extern const char *blk_op_str(unsigned int op); int blk_status_to_errno(blk_status_t status); blk_status_t errno_to_blk_status(int errno); int blk_poll(struct request_queue *q, blk_qc_t cookie, bool spin); static inline struct request_queue *bdev_get_queue(struct block_device *bdev) { return bdev->bd_disk->queue; /* this is never NULL */ } /* * The basic unit of block I/O is a sector. It is used in a number of contexts * in Linux (blk, bio, genhd). The size of one sector is 512 = 2**9 * bytes. Variables of type sector_t represent an offset or size that is a * multiple of 512 bytes. Hence these two constants. */ #ifndef SECTOR_SHIFT #define SECTOR_SHIFT 9 #endif #ifndef SECTOR_SIZE #define SECTOR_SIZE (1 << SECTOR_SHIFT) #endif /* * blk_rq_pos() : the current sector * blk_rq_bytes() : bytes left in the entire request * blk_rq_cur_bytes() : bytes left in the current segment * blk_rq_err_bytes() : bytes left till the next error boundary * blk_rq_sectors() : sectors left in the entire request * blk_rq_cur_sectors() : sectors left in the current segment * blk_rq_stats_sectors() : sectors of the entire request used for stats */ static inline sector_t blk_rq_pos(const struct request *rq) { return rq->__sector; } static inline unsigned int blk_rq_bytes(const struct request *rq) { return rq->__data_len; } static inline int blk_rq_cur_bytes(const struct request *rq) { return rq->bio ? bio_cur_bytes(rq->bio) : 0; } extern unsigned int blk_rq_err_bytes(const struct request *rq); static inline unsigned int blk_rq_sectors(const struct request *rq) { return blk_rq_bytes(rq) >> SECTOR_SHIFT; } static inline unsigned int blk_rq_cur_sectors(const struct request *rq) { return blk_rq_cur_bytes(rq) >> SECTOR_SHIFT; } static inline unsigned int blk_rq_stats_sectors(const struct request *rq) { return rq->stats_sectors; } #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED /* Helper to convert BLK_ZONE_ZONE_XXX to its string format XXX */ const char *blk_zone_cond_str(enum blk_zone_cond zone_cond); static inline unsigned int blk_rq_zone_no(struct request *rq) { return blk_queue_zone_no(rq->q, blk_rq_pos(rq)); } static inline unsigned int blk_rq_zone_is_seq(struct request *rq) { return blk_queue_zone_is_seq(rq->q, blk_rq_pos(rq)); } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED */ /* * Some commands like WRITE SAME have a payload or data transfer size which * is different from the size of the request. Any driver that supports such * commands using the RQF_SPECIAL_PAYLOAD flag needs to use this helper to * calculate the data transfer size. */ static inline unsigned int blk_rq_payload_bytes(struct request *rq) { if (rq->rq_flags & RQF_SPECIAL_PAYLOAD) return rq->special_vec.bv_len; return blk_rq_bytes(rq); } /* * Return the first full biovec in the request. The caller needs to check that * there are any bvecs before calling this helper. */ static inline struct bio_vec req_bvec(struct request *rq) { if (rq->rq_flags & RQF_SPECIAL_PAYLOAD) return rq->special_vec; return mp_bvec_iter_bvec(rq->bio->bi_io_vec, rq->bio->bi_iter); } static inline unsigned int blk_queue_get_max_sectors(struct request_queue *q, int op) { if (unlikely(op == REQ_OP_DISCARD || op == REQ_OP_SECURE_ERASE)) return min(q->limits.max_discard_sectors, UINT_MAX >> SECTOR_SHIFT); if (unlikely(op == REQ_OP_WRITE_SAME)) return q->limits.max_write_same_sectors; if (unlikely(op == REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES)) return q->limits.max_write_zeroes_sectors; return q->limits.max_sectors; } /* * Return maximum size of a request at given offset. Only valid for * file system requests. */ static inline unsigned int blk_max_size_offset(struct request_queue *q, sector_t offset, unsigned int chunk_sectors) { if (!chunk_sectors) { if (q->limits.chunk_sectors) chunk_sectors = q->limits.chunk_sectors; else return q->limits.max_sectors; } if (likely(is_power_of_2(chunk_sectors))) chunk_sectors -= offset & (chunk_sectors - 1); else chunk_sectors -= sector_div(offset, chunk_sectors); return min(q->limits.max_sectors, chunk_sectors); } static inline unsigned int blk_rq_get_max_sectors(struct request *rq, sector_t offset) { struct request_queue *q = rq->q; if (blk_rq_is_passthrough(rq)) return q->limits.max_hw_sectors; if (!q->limits.chunk_sectors || req_op(rq) == REQ_OP_DISCARD || req_op(rq) == REQ_OP_SECURE_ERASE) return blk_queue_get_max_sectors(q, req_op(rq)); return min(blk_max_size_offset(q, offset, 0), blk_queue_get_max_sectors(q, req_op(rq))); } static inline unsigned int blk_rq_count_bios(struct request *rq) { unsigned int nr_bios = 0; struct bio *bio; __rq_for_each_bio(bio, rq) nr_bios++; return nr_bios; } void blk_steal_bios(struct bio_list *list, struct request *rq); /* * Request completion related functions. * * blk_update_request() completes given number of bytes and updates * the request without completing it. */ extern bool blk_update_request(struct request *rq, blk_status_t error, unsigned int nr_bytes); extern void blk_abort_request(struct request *); /* * Access functions for manipulating queue properties */ extern void blk_cleanup_queue(struct request_queue *); extern void blk_queue_bounce_limit(struct request_queue *, u64); extern void blk_queue_max_hw_sectors(struct request_queue *, unsigned int); extern void blk_queue_chunk_sectors(struct request_queue *, unsigned int); extern void blk_queue_max_segments(struct request_queue *, unsigned short); extern void blk_queue_max_discard_segments(struct request_queue *, unsigned short); extern void blk_queue_max_segment_size(struct request_queue *, unsigned int); extern void blk_queue_max_discard_sectors(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int max_discard_sectors); extern void blk_queue_max_write_same_sectors(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int max_write_same_sectors); extern void blk_queue_max_write_zeroes_sectors(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int max_write_same_sectors); extern void blk_queue_logical_block_size(struct request_queue *, unsigned int); extern void blk_queue_max_zone_append_sectors(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int max_zone_append_sectors); extern void blk_queue_physical_block_size(struct request_queue *, unsigned int); extern void blk_queue_alignment_offset(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int alignment); void blk_queue_update_readahead(struct request_queue *q); extern void blk_limits_io_min(struct queue_limits *limits, unsigned int min); extern void blk_queue_io_min(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int min); extern void blk_limits_io_opt(struct queue_limits *limits, unsigned int opt); extern void blk_queue_io_opt(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int opt); extern void blk_set_queue_depth(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int depth); extern void blk_set_default_limits(struct queue_limits *lim); extern void blk_set_stacking_limits(struct queue_limits *lim); extern int blk_stack_limits(struct queue_limits *t, struct queue_limits *b, sector_t offset); extern void disk_stack_limits(struct gendisk *disk, struct block_device *bdev, sector_t offset); extern void blk_queue_update_dma_pad(struct request_queue *, unsigned int); extern void blk_queue_segment_boundary(struct request_queue *, unsigned long); extern void blk_queue_virt_boundary(struct request_queue *, unsigned long); extern void blk_queue_dma_alignment(struct request_queue *, int); extern void blk_queue_update_dma_alignment(struct request_queue *, int); extern void blk_queue_rq_timeout(struct request_queue *, unsigned int); extern void blk_queue_write_cache(struct request_queue *q, bool enabled, bool fua); extern void blk_queue_required_elevator_features(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int features); extern bool blk_queue_can_use_dma_map_merging(struct request_queue *q, struct device *dev); /* * Number of physical segments as sent to the device. * * Normally this is the number of discontiguous data segments sent by the * submitter. But for data-less command like discard we might have no * actual data segments submitted, but the driver might have to add it's * own special payload. In that case we still return 1 here so that this * special payload will be mapped. */ static inline unsigned short blk_rq_nr_phys_segments(struct request *rq) { if (rq->rq_flags & RQF_SPECIAL_PAYLOAD) return 1; return rq->nr_phys_segments; } /* * Number of discard segments (or ranges) the driver needs to fill in. * Each discard bio merged into a request is counted as one segment. */ static inline unsigned short blk_rq_nr_discard_segments(struct request *rq) { return max_t(unsigned short, rq->nr_phys_segments, 1); } int __blk_rq_map_sg(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, struct scatterlist *sglist, struct scatterlist **last_sg); static inline int blk_rq_map_sg(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, struct scatterlist *sglist) { struct scatterlist *last_sg = NULL; return __blk_rq_map_sg(q, rq, sglist, &last_sg); } extern void blk_dump_rq_flags(struct request *, char *); bool __must_check blk_get_queue(struct request_queue *); struct request_queue *blk_alloc_queue(int node_id); extern void blk_put_queue(struct request_queue *); extern void blk_set_queue_dying(struct request_queue *); #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK /* * blk_plug permits building a queue of related requests by holding the I/O * fragments for a short period. This allows merging of sequential requests * into single larger request. As the requests are moved from a per-task list to * the device's request_queue in a batch, this results in improved scalability * as the lock contention for request_queue lock is reduced. * * It is ok not to disable preemption when adding the request to the plug list * or when attempting a merge, because blk_schedule_flush_list() will only flush * the plug list when the task sleeps by itself. For details, please see * schedule() where blk_schedule_flush_plug() is called. */ struct blk_plug { struct list_head mq_list; /* blk-mq requests */ struct list_head cb_list; /* md requires an unplug callback */ unsigned short rq_count; bool multiple_queues; bool nowait; }; struct blk_plug_cb; typedef void (*blk_plug_cb_fn)(struct blk_plug_cb *, bool); struct blk_plug_cb { struct list_head list; blk_plug_cb_fn callback; void *data; }; extern struct blk_plug_cb *blk_check_plugged(blk_plug_cb_fn unplug, void *data, int size); extern void blk_start_plug(struct blk_plug *); extern void blk_finish_plug(struct blk_plug *); extern void blk_flush_plug_list(struct blk_plug *, bool); static inline void blk_flush_plug(struct task_struct *tsk) { struct blk_plug *plug = tsk->plug; if (plug) blk_flush_plug_list(plug, false); } static inline void blk_schedule_flush_plug(struct task_struct *tsk) { struct blk_plug *plug = tsk->plug; if (plug) blk_flush_plug_list(plug, true); } static inline bool blk_needs_flush_plug(struct task_struct *tsk) { struct blk_plug *plug = tsk->plug; return plug && (!list_empty(&plug->mq_list) || !list_empty(&plug->cb_list)); } int blkdev_issue_flush(struct block_device *, gfp_t); long nr_blockdev_pages(void); #else /* CONFIG_BLOCK */ struct blk_plug { }; static inline void blk_start_plug(struct blk_plug *plug) { } static inline void blk_finish_plug(struct blk_plug *plug) { } static inline void blk_flush_plug(struct task_struct *task) { } static inline void blk_schedule_flush_plug(struct task_struct *task) { } static inline bool blk_needs_flush_plug(struct task_struct *tsk) { return false; } static inline int blkdev_issue_flush(struct block_device *bdev, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return 0; } static inline long nr_blockdev_pages(void) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_BLOCK */ extern void blk_io_schedule(void); extern int blkdev_issue_write_same(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t sector, sector_t nr_sects, gfp_t gfp_mask, struct page *page); #define BLKDEV_DISCARD_SECURE (1 << 0) /* issue a secure erase */ extern int blkdev_issue_discard(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t sector, sector_t nr_sects, gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned long flags); extern int __blkdev_issue_discard(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t sector, sector_t nr_sects, gfp_t gfp_mask, int flags, struct bio **biop); #define BLKDEV_ZERO_NOUNMAP (1 << 0) /* do not free blocks */ #define BLKDEV_ZERO_NOFALLBACK (1 << 1) /* don't write explicit zeroes */ extern int __blkdev_issue_zeroout(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t sector, sector_t nr_sects, gfp_t gfp_mask, struct bio **biop, unsigned flags); extern int blkdev_issue_zeroout(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t sector, sector_t nr_sects, gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned flags); static inline int sb_issue_discard(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block, sector_t nr_blocks, gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned long flags) { return blkdev_issue_discard(sb->s_bdev, block << (sb->s_blocksize_bits - SECTOR_SHIFT), nr_blocks << (sb->s_blocksize_bits - SECTOR_SHIFT), gfp_mask, flags); } static inline int sb_issue_zeroout(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block, sector_t nr_blocks, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return blkdev_issue_zeroout(sb->s_bdev, block << (sb->s_blocksize_bits - SECTOR_SHIFT), nr_blocks << (sb->s_blocksize_bits - SECTOR_SHIFT), gfp_mask, 0); } extern int blk_verify_command(unsigned char *cmd, fmode_t mode); static inline bool bdev_is_partition(struct block_device *bdev) { return bdev->bd_partno; } enum blk_default_limits { BLK_MAX_SEGMENTS = 128, BLK_SAFE_MAX_SECTORS = 255, BLK_DEF_MAX_SECTORS = 2560, BLK_MAX_SEGMENT_SIZE = 65536, BLK_SEG_BOUNDARY_MASK = 0xFFFFFFFFUL, }; static inline unsigned long queue_segment_boundary(const struct request_queue *q) { return q->limits.seg_boundary_mask; } static inline unsigned long queue_virt_boundary(const struct request_queue *q) { return q->limits.virt_boundary_mask; } static inline unsigned int queue_max_sectors(const struct request_queue *q) { return q->limits.max_sectors; } static inline unsigned int queue_max_hw_sectors(const struct request_queue *q) { return q->limits.max_hw_sectors; } static inline unsigned short queue_max_segments(const struct request_queue *q) { return q->limits.max_segments; } static inline unsigned short queue_max_discard_segments(const struct request_queue *q) { return q->limits.max_discard_segments; } static inline unsigned int queue_max_segment_size(const struct request_queue *q) { return q->limits.max_segment_size; } static inline unsigned int queue_max_zone_append_sectors(const struct request_queue *q) { const struct queue_limits *l = &q->limits; return min(l->max_zone_append_sectors, l->max_sectors); } static inline unsigned queue_logical_block_size(const struct request_queue *q) { int retval = 512; if (q && q->limits.logical_block_size) retval = q->limits.logical_block_size; return retval; } static inline unsigned int bdev_logical_block_size(struct block_device *bdev) { return queue_logical_block_size(bdev_get_queue(bdev)); } static inline unsigned int queue_physical_block_size(const struct request_queue *q) { return q->limits.physical_block_size; } static inline unsigned int bdev_physical_block_size(struct block_device *bdev) { return queue_physical_block_size(bdev_get_queue(bdev)); } static inline unsigned int queue_io_min(const struct request_queue *q) { return q->limits.io_min; } static inline int bdev_io_min(struct block_device *bdev) { return queue_io_min(bdev_get_queue(bdev)); } static inline unsigned int queue_io_opt(const struct request_queue *q) { return q->limits.io_opt; } static inline int bdev_io_opt(struct block_device *bdev) { return queue_io_opt(bdev_get_queue(bdev)); } static inline int queue_alignment_offset(const struct request_queue *q) { if (q->limits.misaligned) return -1; return q->limits.alignment_offset; } static inline int queue_limit_alignment_offset(struct queue_limits *lim, sector_t sector) { unsigned int granularity = max(lim->physical_block_size, lim->io_min); unsigned int alignment = sector_div(sector, granularity >> SECTOR_SHIFT) << SECTOR_SHIFT; return (granularity + lim->alignment_offset - alignment) % granularity; } static inline int bdev_alignment_offset(struct block_device *bdev) { struct request_queue *q = bdev_get_queue(bdev); if (q->limits.misaligned) return -1; if (bdev_is_partition(bdev)) return queue_limit_alignment_offset(&q->limits, bdev->bd_part->start_sect); return q->limits.alignment_offset; } static inline int queue_discard_alignment(const struct request_queue *q) { if (q->limits.discard_misaligned) return -1; return q->limits.discard_alignment; } static inline int queue_limit_discard_alignment(struct queue_limits *lim, sector_t sector) { unsigned int alignment, granularity, offset; if (!lim->max_discard_sectors) return 0; /* Why are these in bytes, not sectors? */ alignment = lim->discard_alignment >> SECTOR_SHIFT; granularity = lim->discard_granularity >> SECTOR_SHIFT; if (!granularity) return 0; /* Offset of the partition start in 'granularity' sectors */ offset = sector_div(sector, granularity); /* And why do we do this modulus *again* in blkdev_issue_discard()? */ offset = (granularity + alignment - offset) % granularity; /* Turn it back into bytes, gaah */ return offset << SECTOR_SHIFT; } /* * Two cases of handling DISCARD merge: * If max_discard_segments > 1, the driver takes every bio * as a range and send them to controller together. The ranges * needn't to be contiguous. * Otherwise, the bios/requests will be handled as same as * others which should be contiguous. */ static inline bool blk_discard_mergable(struct request *req) { if (req_op(req) == REQ_OP_DISCARD && queue_max_discard_segments(req->q) > 1) return true; return false; } static inline int bdev_discard_alignment(struct block_device *bdev) { struct request_queue *q = bdev_get_queue(bdev); if (bdev_is_partition(bdev)) return queue_limit_discard_alignment(&q->limits, bdev->bd_part->start_sect); return q->limits.discard_alignment; } static inline unsigned int bdev_write_same(struct block_device *bdev) { struct request_queue *q = bdev_get_queue(bdev); if (q) return q->limits.max_write_same_sectors; return 0; } static inline unsigned int bdev_write_zeroes_sectors(struct block_device *bdev) { struct request_queue *q = bdev_get_queue(bdev); if (q) return q->limits.max_write_zeroes_sectors; return 0; } static inline enum blk_zoned_model bdev_zoned_model(struct block_device *bdev) { struct request_queue *q = bdev_get_queue(bdev); if (q) return blk_queue_zoned_model(q); return BLK_ZONED_NONE; } static inline bool bdev_is_zoned(struct block_device *bdev) { struct request_queue *q = bdev_get_queue(bdev); if (q) return blk_queue_is_zoned(q); return false; } static inline sector_t bdev_zone_sectors(struct block_device *bdev) { struct request_queue *q = bdev_get_queue(bdev); if (q) return blk_queue_zone_sectors(q); return 0; } static inline unsigned int bdev_max_open_zones(struct block_device *bdev) { struct request_queue *q = bdev_get_queue(bdev); if (q) return queue_max_open_zones(q); return 0; } static inline unsigned int bdev_max_active_zones(struct block_device *bdev) { struct request_queue *q = bdev_get_queue(bdev); if (q) return queue_max_active_zones(q); return 0; } static inline int queue_dma_alignment(const struct request_queue *q) { return q ? q->dma_alignment : 511; } static inline int blk_rq_aligned(struct request_queue *q, unsigned long addr, unsigned int len) { unsigned int alignment = queue_dma_alignment(q) | q->dma_pad_mask; return !(addr & alignment) && !(len & alignment); } /* assumes size > 256 */ static inline unsigned int blksize_bits(unsigned int size) { unsigned int bits = 8; do { bits++; size >>= 1; } while (size > 256); return bits; } static inline unsigned int block_size(struct block_device *bdev) { return 1 << bdev->bd_inode->i_blkbits; } int kblockd_schedule_work(struct work_struct *work); int kblockd_mod_delayed_work_on(int cpu, struct delayed_work *dwork, unsigned long delay); #define MODULE_ALIAS_BLOCKDEV(major,minor) \ MODULE_ALIAS("block-major-" __stringify(major) "-" __stringify(minor)) #define MODULE_ALIAS_BLOCKDEV_MAJOR(major) \ MODULE_ALIAS("block-major-" __stringify(major) "-*") #if defined(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY) enum blk_integrity_flags { BLK_INTEGRITY_VERIFY = 1 << 0, BLK_INTEGRITY_GENERATE = 1 << 1, BLK_INTEGRITY_DEVICE_CAPABLE = 1 << 2, BLK_INTEGRITY_IP_CHECKSUM = 1 << 3, }; struct blk_integrity_iter { void *prot_buf; void *data_buf; sector_t seed; unsigned int data_size; unsigned short interval; const char *disk_name; }; typedef blk_status_t (integrity_processing_fn) (struct blk_integrity_iter *); typedef void (integrity_prepare_fn) (struct request *); typedef void (integrity_complete_fn) (struct request *, unsigned int); struct blk_integrity_profile { integrity_processing_fn *generate_fn; integrity_processing_fn *verify_fn; integrity_prepare_fn *prepare_fn; integrity_complete_fn *complete_fn; const char *name; }; extern void blk_integrity_register(struct gendisk *, struct blk_integrity *); extern void blk_integrity_unregister(struct gendisk *); extern int blk_integrity_compare(struct gendisk *, struct gendisk *); extern int blk_rq_map_integrity_sg(struct request_queue *, struct bio *, struct scatterlist *); extern int blk_rq_count_integrity_sg(struct request_queue *, struct bio *); static inline struct blk_integrity *blk_get_integrity(struct gendisk *disk) { struct blk_integrity *bi = &disk->queue->integrity; if (!bi->profile) return NULL; return bi; } static inline struct blk_integrity *bdev_get_integrity(struct block_device *bdev) { return blk_get_integrity(bdev->bd_disk); } static inline bool blk_integrity_queue_supports_integrity(struct request_queue *q) { return q->integrity.profile; } static inline bool blk_integrity_rq(struct request *rq) { return rq->cmd_flags & REQ_INTEGRITY; } static inline void blk_queue_max_integrity_segments(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int segs) { q->limits.max_integrity_segments = segs; } static inline unsigned short queue_max_integrity_segments(const struct request_queue *q) { return q->limits.max_integrity_segments; } /** * bio_integrity_intervals - Return number of integrity intervals for a bio * @bi: blk_integrity profile for device * @sectors: Size of the bio in 512-byte sectors * * Description: The block layer calculates everything in 512 byte * sectors but integrity metadata is done in terms of the data integrity * interval size of the storage device. Convert the block layer sectors * to the appropriate number of integrity intervals. */ static inline unsigned int bio_integrity_intervals(struct blk_integrity *bi, unsigned int sectors) { return sectors >> (bi->interval_exp - 9); } static inline unsigned int bio_integrity_bytes(struct blk_integrity *bi, unsigned int sectors) { return bio_integrity_intervals(bi, sectors) * bi->tuple_size; } /* * Return the first bvec that contains integrity data. Only drivers that are * limited to a single integrity segment should use this helper. */ static inline struct bio_vec *rq_integrity_vec(struct request *rq) { if (WARN_ON_ONCE(queue_max_integrity_segments(rq->q) > 1)) return NULL; return rq->bio->bi_integrity->bip_vec; } #else /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY */ struct bio; struct block_device; struct gendisk; struct blk_integrity; static inline int blk_integrity_rq(struct request *rq) { return 0; } static inline int blk_rq_count_integrity_sg(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *b) { return 0; } static inline int blk_rq_map_integrity_sg(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *b, struct scatterlist *s) { return 0; } static inline struct blk_integrity *bdev_get_integrity(struct block_device *b) { return NULL; } static inline struct blk_integrity *blk_get_integrity(struct gendisk *disk) { return NULL; } static inline bool blk_integrity_queue_supports_integrity(struct request_queue *q) { return false; } static inline int blk_integrity_compare(struct gendisk *a, struct gendisk *b) { return 0; } static inline void blk_integrity_register(struct gendisk *d, struct blk_integrity *b) { } static inline void blk_integrity_unregister(struct gendisk *d) { } static inline void blk_queue_max_integrity_segments(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int segs) { } static inline unsigned short queue_max_integrity_segments(const struct request_queue *q) { return 0; } static inline unsigned int bio_integrity_intervals(struct blk_integrity *bi, unsigned int sectors) { return 0; } static inline unsigned int bio_integrity_bytes(struct blk_integrity *bi, unsigned int sectors) { return 0; } static inline struct bio_vec *rq_integrity_vec(struct request *rq) { return NULL; } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY */ #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_INLINE_ENCRYPTION bool blk_ksm_register(struct blk_keyslot_manager *ksm, struct request_queue *q); void blk_ksm_unregister(struct request_queue *q); #else /* CONFIG_BLK_INLINE_ENCRYPTION */ static inline bool blk_ksm_register(struct blk_keyslot_manager *ksm, struct request_queue *q) { return true; } static inline void blk_ksm_unregister(struct request_queue *q) { } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_INLINE_ENCRYPTION */ struct block_device_operations { blk_qc_t (*submit_bio) (struct bio *bio); int (*open) (struct block_device *, fmode_t); void (*release) (struct gendisk *, fmode_t); int (*rw_page)(struct block_device *, sector_t, struct page *, unsigned int); int (*ioctl) (struct block_device *, fmode_t, unsigned, unsigned long); int (*compat_ioctl) (struct block_device *, fmode_t, unsigned, unsigned long); unsigned int (*check_events) (struct gendisk *disk, unsigned int clearing); void (*unlock_native_capacity) (struct gendisk *); int (*revalidate_disk) (struct gendisk *); int (*getgeo)(struct block_device *, struct hd_geometry *); /* this callback is with swap_lock and sometimes page table lock held */ void (*swap_slot_free_notify) (struct block_device *, unsigned long); int (*report_zones)(struct gendisk *, sector_t sector, unsigned int nr_zones, report_zones_cb cb, void *data); char *(*devnode)(struct gendisk *disk, umode_t *mode); struct module *owner; const struct pr_ops *pr_ops; }; #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT extern int blkdev_compat_ptr_ioctl(struct block_device *, fmode_t, unsigned int, unsigned long); #else #define blkdev_compat_ptr_ioctl NULL #endif extern int __blkdev_driver_ioctl(struct block_device *, fmode_t, unsigned int, unsigned long); extern int bdev_read_page(struct block_device *, sector_t, struct page *); extern int bdev_write_page(struct block_device *, sector_t, struct page *, struct writeback_control *); #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED bool blk_req_needs_zone_write_lock(struct request *rq); bool blk_req_zone_write_trylock(struct request *rq); void __blk_req_zone_write_lock(struct request *rq); void __blk_req_zone_write_unlock(struct request *rq); static inline void blk_req_zone_write_lock(struct request *rq) { if (blk_req_needs_zone_write_lock(rq)) __blk_req_zone_write_lock(rq); } static inline void blk_req_zone_write_unlock(struct request *rq) { if (rq->rq_flags & RQF_ZONE_WRITE_LOCKED) __blk_req_zone_write_unlock(rq); } static inline bool blk_req_zone_is_write_locked(struct request *rq) { return rq->q->seq_zones_wlock && test_bit(blk_rq_zone_no(rq), rq->q->seq_zones_wlock); } static inline bool blk_req_can_dispatch_to_zone(struct request *rq) { if (!blk_req_needs_zone_write_lock(rq)) return true; return !blk_req_zone_is_write_locked(rq); } #else static inline bool blk_req_needs_zone_write_lock(struct request *rq) { return false; } static inline void blk_req_zone_write_lock(struct request *rq) { } static inline void blk_req_zone_write_unlock(struct request *rq) { } static inline bool blk_req_zone_is_write_locked(struct request *rq) { return false; } static inline bool blk_req_can_dispatch_to_zone(struct request *rq) { return true; } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED */ static inline void blk_wake_io_task(struct task_struct *waiter) { /* * If we're polling, the task itself is doing the completions. For * that case, we don't need to signal a wakeup, it's enough to just * mark us as RUNNING. */ if (waiter == current) __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING); else wake_up_process(waiter); } unsigned long disk_start_io_acct(struct gendisk *disk, unsigned int sectors, unsigned int op); void disk_end_io_acct(struct gendisk *disk, unsigned int op, unsigned long start_time); unsigned long part_start_io_acct(struct gendisk *disk, struct hd_struct **part, struct bio *bio); void part_end_io_acct(struct hd_struct *part, struct bio *bio, unsigned long start_time); /** * bio_start_io_acct - start I/O accounting for bio based drivers * @bio: bio to start account for * * Returns the start time that should be passed back to bio_end_io_acct(). */ static inline unsigned long bio_start_io_acct(struct bio *bio) { return disk_start_io_acct(bio->bi_disk, bio_sectors(bio), bio_op(bio)); } /** * bio_end_io_acct - end I/O accounting for bio based drivers * @bio: bio to end account for * @start: start time returned by bio_start_io_acct() */ static inline void bio_end_io_acct(struct bio *bio, unsigned long start_time) { return disk_end_io_acct(bio->bi_disk, bio_op(bio), start_time); } int bdev_read_only(struct block_device *bdev); int set_blocksize(struct block_device *bdev, int size); const char *bdevname(struct block_device *bdev, char *buffer); struct block_device *lookup_bdev(const char *); void blkdev_show(struct seq_file *seqf, off_t offset); #define BDEVNAME_SIZE 32 /* Largest string for a blockdev identifier */ #define BDEVT_SIZE 10 /* Largest string for MAJ:MIN for blkdev */ #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK #define BLKDEV_MAJOR_MAX 512 #else #define BLKDEV_MAJOR_MAX 0 #endif struct block_device *blkdev_get_by_path(const char *path, fmode_t mode, void *holder); struct block_device *blkdev_get_by_dev(dev_t dev, fmode_t mode, void *holder); int bd_prepare_to_claim(struct block_device *bdev, struct block_device *whole, void *holder); void bd_abort_claiming(struct block_device *bdev, struct block_device *whole, void *holder); void blkdev_put(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode); struct block_device *I_BDEV(struct inode *inode); struct block_device *bdget_part(struct hd_struct *part); struct block_device *bdgrab(struct block_device *bdev); void bdput(struct block_device *); #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK void invalidate_bdev(struct block_device *bdev); int truncate_bdev_range(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); int sync_blockdev(struct block_device *bdev); #else static inline void invalidate_bdev(struct block_device *bdev) { } static inline int truncate_bdev_range(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend) { return 0; } static inline int sync_blockdev(struct block_device *bdev) { return 0; } #endif int fsync_bdev(struct block_device *bdev); struct super_block *freeze_bdev(struct block_device *bdev); int thaw_bdev(struct block_device *bdev, struct super_block *sb); #endif /* _LINUX_BLKDEV_H */
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vmalloc/vfree/ioremap, Tigran Aivazian <tigran@veritas.com>, May 2000 * Major rework to support vmap/vunmap, Christoph Hellwig, SGI, August 2002 * Numa awareness, Christoph Lameter, SGI, June 2005 * Improving global KVA allocator, Uladzislau Rezki, Sony, May 2019 */ #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/proc_fs.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/set_memory.h> #include <linux/debugobjects.h> #include <linux/kallsyms.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/notifier.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/xarray.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/pfn.h> #include <linux/kmemleak.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/llist.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/rbtree_augmented.h> #include <linux/overflow.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include <asm/shmparam.h> #include "internal.h" #include "pgalloc-track.h" bool is_vmalloc_addr(const void *x) { unsigned long addr = (unsigned long)x; return addr >= VMALLOC_START && addr < VMALLOC_END; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(is_vmalloc_addr); struct vfree_deferred { struct llist_head list; struct work_struct wq; }; static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct vfree_deferred, vfree_deferred); static void __vunmap(const void *, int); static void free_work(struct work_struct *w) { struct vfree_deferred *p = container_of(w, struct vfree_deferred, wq); struct llist_node *t, *llnode; llist_for_each_safe(llnode, t, llist_del_all(&p->list)) __vunmap((void *)llnode, 1); } /*** Page table manipulation functions ***/ static void vunmap_pte_range(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pte_t *pte; pte = pte_offset_kernel(pmd, addr); do { pte_t ptent = ptep_get_and_clear(&init_mm, addr, pte); WARN_ON(!pte_none(ptent) && !pte_present(ptent)); } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); *mask |= PGTBL_PTE_MODIFIED; } static void vunmap_pmd_range(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; int cleared; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); cleared = pmd_clear_huge(pmd); if (cleared || pmd_bad(*pmd)) *mask |= PGTBL_PMD_MODIFIED; if (cleared) continue; if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd)) continue; vunmap_pte_range(pmd, addr, next, mask); cond_resched(); } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); } static void vunmap_pud_range(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; int cleared; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); cleared = pud_clear_huge(pud); if (cleared || pud_bad(*pud)) *mask |= PGTBL_PUD_MODIFIED; if (cleared) continue; if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) continue; vunmap_pmd_range(pud, addr, next, mask); } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); } static void vunmap_p4d_range(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; int cleared; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); cleared = p4d_clear_huge(p4d); if (cleared || p4d_bad(*p4d)) *mask |= PGTBL_P4D_MODIFIED; if (cleared) continue; if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) continue; vunmap_pud_range(p4d, addr, next, mask); } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); } /** * unmap_kernel_range_noflush - unmap kernel VM area * @start: start of the VM area to unmap * @size: size of the VM area to unmap * * Unmap PFN_UP(@size) pages at @addr. The VM area @addr and @size specify * should have been allocated using get_vm_area() and its friends. * * NOTE: * This function does NOT do any cache flushing. The caller is responsible * for calling flush_cache_vunmap() on to-be-mapped areas before calling this * function and flush_tlb_kernel_range() after. */ void unmap_kernel_range_noflush(unsigned long start, unsigned long size) { unsigned long end = start + size; unsigned long next; pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long addr = start; pgtbl_mod_mask mask = 0; BUG_ON(addr >= end); pgd = pgd_offset_k(addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_bad(*pgd)) mask |= PGTBL_PGD_MODIFIED; if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; vunmap_p4d_range(pgd, addr, next, &mask); } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (mask & ARCH_PAGE_TABLE_SYNC_MASK) arch_sync_kernel_mappings(start, end); } static int vmap_pte_range(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages, int *nr, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pte_t *pte; /* * nr is a running index into the array which helps higher level * callers keep track of where we're up to. */ pte = pte_alloc_kernel_track(pmd, addr, mask); if (!pte) return -ENOMEM; do { struct page *page = pages[*nr]; if (WARN_ON(!pte_none(*pte))) return -EBUSY; if (WARN_ON(!page)) return -ENOMEM; set_pte_at(&init_mm, addr, pte, mk_pte(page, prot)); (*nr)++; } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); *mask |= PGTBL_PTE_MODIFIED; return 0; } static int vmap_pmd_range(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages, int *nr, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; pmd = pmd_alloc_track(&init_mm, pud, addr, mask); if (!pmd) return -ENOMEM; do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (vmap_pte_range(pmd, addr, next, prot, pages, nr, mask)) return -ENOMEM; } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static int vmap_pud_range(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages, int *nr, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; pud = pud_alloc_track(&init_mm, p4d, addr, mask); if (!pud) return -ENOMEM; do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (vmap_pmd_range(pud, addr, next, prot, pages, nr, mask)) return -ENOMEM; } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static int vmap_p4d_range(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages, int *nr, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; p4d = p4d_alloc_track(&init_mm, pgd, addr, mask); if (!p4d) return -ENOMEM; do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (vmap_pud_range(p4d, addr, next, prot, pages, nr, mask)) return -ENOMEM; } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } /** * map_kernel_range_noflush - map kernel VM area with the specified pages * @addr: start of the VM area to map * @size: size of the VM area to map * @prot: page protection flags to use * @pages: pages to map * * Map PFN_UP(@size) pages at @addr. The VM area @addr and @size specify should * have been allocated using get_vm_area() and its friends. * * NOTE: * This function does NOT do any cache flushing. The caller is responsible for * calling flush_cache_vmap() on to-be-mapped areas before calling this * function. * * RETURNS: * 0 on success, -errno on failure. */ int map_kernel_range_noflush(unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages) { unsigned long start = addr; unsigned long end = addr + size; unsigned long next; pgd_t *pgd; int err = 0; int nr = 0; pgtbl_mod_mask mask = 0; BUG_ON(addr >= end); pgd = pgd_offset_k(addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_bad(*pgd)) mask |= PGTBL_PGD_MODIFIED; err = vmap_p4d_range(pgd, addr, next, prot, pages, &nr, &mask); if (err) return err; } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (mask & ARCH_PAGE_TABLE_SYNC_MASK) arch_sync_kernel_mappings(start, end); return 0; } int map_kernel_range(unsigned long start, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages) { int ret; ret = map_kernel_range_noflush(start, size, prot, pages); flush_cache_vmap(start, start + size); return ret; } int is_vmalloc_or_module_addr(const void *x) { /* * ARM, x86-64 and sparc64 put modules in a special place, * and fall back on vmalloc() if that fails. Others * just put it in the vmalloc space. */ #if defined(CONFIG_MODULES) && defined(MODULES_VADDR) unsigned long addr = (unsigned long)x; if (addr >= MODULES_VADDR && addr < MODULES_END) return 1; #endif return is_vmalloc_addr(x); } /* * Walk a vmap address to the struct page it maps. */ struct page *vmalloc_to_page(const void *vmalloc_addr) { unsigned long addr = (unsigned long) vmalloc_addr; struct page *page = NULL; pgd_t *pgd = pgd_offset_k(addr); p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pte_t *ptep, pte; /* * XXX we might need to change this if we add VIRTUAL_BUG_ON for * architectures that do not vmalloc module space */ VIRTUAL_BUG_ON(!is_vmalloc_or_module_addr(vmalloc_addr)); if (pgd_none(*pgd)) return NULL; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); if (p4d_none(*p4d)) return NULL; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); /* * Don't dereference bad PUD or PMD (below) entries. This will also * identify huge mappings, which we may encounter on architectures * that define CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_VMAP=y. Such regions will be * identified as vmalloc addresses by is_vmalloc_addr(), but are * not [unambiguously] associated with a struct page, so there is * no correct value to return for them. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(pud_bad(*pud)); if (pud_none(*pud) || pud_bad(*pud)) return NULL; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); WARN_ON_ONCE(pmd_bad(*pmd)); if (pmd_none(*pmd) || pmd_bad(*pmd)) return NULL; ptep = pte_offset_map(pmd, addr); pte = *ptep; if (pte_present(pte)) page = pte_page(pte); pte_unmap(ptep); return page; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmalloc_to_page); /* * Map a vmalloc()-space virtual address to the physical page frame number. */ unsigned long vmalloc_to_pfn(const void *vmalloc_addr) { return page_to_pfn(vmalloc_to_page(vmalloc_addr)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmalloc_to_pfn); /*** Global kva allocator ***/ #define DEBUG_AUGMENT_PROPAGATE_CHECK 0 #define DEBUG_AUGMENT_LOWEST_MATCH_CHECK 0 static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(vmap_area_lock); static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(free_vmap_area_lock); /* Export for kexec only */ LIST_HEAD(vmap_area_list); static LLIST_HEAD(vmap_purge_list); static struct rb_root vmap_area_root = RB_ROOT; static bool vmap_initialized __read_mostly; /* * This kmem_cache is used for vmap_area objects. Instead of * allocating from slab we reuse an object from this cache to * make things faster. Especially in "no edge" splitting of * free block. */ static struct kmem_cache *vmap_area_cachep; /* * This linked list is used in pair with free_vmap_area_root. * It gives O(1) access to prev/next to perform fast coalescing. */ static LIST_HEAD(free_vmap_area_list); /* * This augment red-black tree represents the free vmap space. * All vmap_area objects in this tree are sorted by va->va_start * address. It is used for allocation and merging when a vmap * object is released. * * Each vmap_area node contains a maximum available free block * of its sub-tree, right or left. Therefore it is possible to * find a lowest match of free area. */ static struct rb_root free_vmap_area_root = RB_ROOT; /* * Preload a CPU with one object for "no edge" split case. The * aim is to get rid of allocations from the atomic context, thus * to use more permissive allocation masks. */ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct vmap_area *, ne_fit_preload_node); static __always_inline unsigned long va_size(struct vmap_area *va) { return (va->va_end - va->va_start); } static __always_inline unsigned long get_subtree_max_size(struct rb_node *node) { struct vmap_area *va; va = rb_entry_safe(node, struct vmap_area, rb_node); return va ? va->subtree_max_size : 0; } /* * Gets called when remove the node and rotate. */ static __always_inline unsigned long compute_subtree_max_size(struct vmap_area *va) { return max3(va_size(va), get_subtree_max_size(va->rb_node.rb_left), get_subtree_max_size(va->rb_node.rb_right)); } RB_DECLARE_CALLBACKS_MAX(static, free_vmap_area_rb_augment_cb, struct vmap_area, rb_node, unsigned long, subtree_max_size, va_size) static void purge_vmap_area_lazy(void); static BLOCKING_NOTIFIER_HEAD(vmap_notify_list); static unsigned long lazy_max_pages(void); static atomic_long_t nr_vmalloc_pages; unsigned long vmalloc_nr_pages(void) { return atomic_long_read(&nr_vmalloc_pages); } static struct vmap_area *__find_vmap_area(unsigned long addr) { struct rb_node *n = vmap_area_root.rb_node; while (n) { struct vmap_area *va; va = rb_entry(n, struct vmap_area, rb_node); if (addr < va->va_start) n = n->rb_left; else if (addr >= va->va_end) n = n->rb_right; else return va; } return NULL; } /* * This function returns back addresses of parent node * and its left or right link for further processing. * * Otherwise NULL is returned. In that case all further * steps regarding inserting of conflicting overlap range * have to be declined and actually considered as a bug. */ static __always_inline struct rb_node ** find_va_links(struct vmap_area *va, struct rb_root *root, struct rb_node *from, struct rb_node **parent) { struct vmap_area *tmp_va; struct rb_node **link; if (root) { link = &root->rb_node; if (unlikely(!*link)) { *parent = NULL; return link; } } else { link = &from; } /* * Go to the bottom of the tree. When we hit the last point * we end up with parent rb_node and correct direction, i name * it link, where the new va->rb_node will be attached to. */ do { tmp_va = rb_entry(*link, struct vmap_area, rb_node); /* * During the traversal we also do some sanity check. * Trigger the BUG() if there are sides(left/right) * or full overlaps. */ if (va->va_start < tmp_va->va_end && va->va_end <= tmp_va->va_start) link = &(*link)->rb_left; else if (va->va_end > tmp_va->va_start && va->va_start >= tmp_va->va_end) link = &(*link)->rb_right; else { WARN(1, "vmalloc bug: 0x%lx-0x%lx overlaps with 0x%lx-0x%lx\n", va->va_start, va->va_end, tmp_va->va_start, tmp_va->va_end); return NULL; } } while (*link); *parent = &tmp_va->rb_node; return link; } static __always_inline struct list_head * get_va_next_sibling(struct rb_node *parent, struct rb_node **link) { struct list_head *list; if (unlikely(!parent)) /* * The red-black tree where we try to find VA neighbors * before merging or inserting is empty, i.e. it means * there is no free vmap space. Normally it does not * happen but we handle this case anyway. */ return NULL; list = &rb_entry(parent, struct vmap_area, rb_node)->list; return (&parent->rb_right == link ? list->next : list); } static __always_inline void link_va(struct vmap_area *va, struct rb_root *root, struct rb_node *parent, struct rb_node **link, struct list_head *head) { /* * VA is still not in the list, but we can * identify its future previous list_head node. */ if (likely(parent)) { head = &rb_entry(parent, struct vmap_area, rb_node)->list; if (&parent->rb_right != link) head = head->prev; } /* Insert to the rb-tree */ rb_link_node(&va->rb_node, parent, link); if (root == &free_vmap_area_root) { /* * Some explanation here. Just perform simple insertion * to the tree. We do not set va->subtree_max_size to * its current size before calling rb_insert_augmented(). * It is because of we populate the tree from the bottom * to parent levels when the node _is_ in the tree. * * Therefore we set subtree_max_size to zero after insertion, * to let __augment_tree_propagate_from() puts everything to * the correct order later on. */ rb_insert_augmented(&va->rb_node, root, &free_vmap_area_rb_augment_cb); va->subtree_max_size = 0; } else { rb_insert_color(&va->rb_node, root); } /* Address-sort this list */ list_add(&va->list, head); } static __always_inline void unlink_va(struct vmap_area *va, struct rb_root *root) { if (WARN_ON(RB_EMPTY_NODE(&va->rb_node))) return; if (root == &free_vmap_area_root) rb_erase_augmented(&va->rb_node, root, &free_vmap_area_rb_augment_cb); else rb_erase(&va->rb_node, root); list_del(&va->list); RB_CLEAR_NODE(&va->rb_node); } #if DEBUG_AUGMENT_PROPAGATE_CHECK static void augment_tree_propagate_check(void) { struct vmap_area *va; unsigned long computed_size; list_for_each_entry(va, &free_vmap_area_list, list) { computed_size = compute_subtree_max_size(va); if (computed_size != va->subtree_max_size) pr_emerg("tree is corrupted: %lu, %lu\n", va_size(va), va->subtree_max_size); } } #endif /* * This function populates subtree_max_size from bottom to upper * levels starting from VA point. The propagation must be done * when VA size is modified by changing its va_start/va_end. Or * in case of newly inserting of VA to the tree. * * It means that __augment_tree_propagate_from() must be called: * - After VA has been inserted to the tree(free path); * - After VA has been shrunk(allocation path); * - After VA has been increased(merging path). * * Please note that, it does not mean that upper parent nodes * and their subtree_max_size are recalculated all the time up * to the root node. * * 4--8 * /\ * / \ * / \ * 2--2 8--8 * * For example if we modify the node 4, shrinking it to 2, then * no any modification is required. If we shrink the node 2 to 1 * its subtree_max_size is updated only, and set to 1. If we shrink * the node 8 to 6, then its subtree_max_size is set to 6 and parent * node becomes 4--6. */ static __always_inline void augment_tree_propagate_from(struct vmap_area *va) { /* * Populate the tree from bottom towards the root until * the calculated maximum available size of checked node * is equal to its current one. */ free_vmap_area_rb_augment_cb_propagate(&va->rb_node, NULL); #if DEBUG_AUGMENT_PROPAGATE_CHECK augment_tree_propagate_check(); #endif } static void insert_vmap_area(struct vmap_area *va, struct rb_root *root, struct list_head *head) { struct rb_node **link; struct rb_node *parent; link = find_va_links(va, root, NULL, &parent); if (link) link_va(va, root, parent, link, head); } static void insert_vmap_area_augment(struct vmap_area *va, struct rb_node *from, struct rb_root *root, struct list_head *head) { struct rb_node **link; struct rb_node *parent; if (from) link = find_va_links(va, NULL, from, &parent); else link = find_va_links(va, root, NULL, &parent); if (link) { link_va(va, root, parent, link, head); augment_tree_propagate_from(va); } } /* * Merge de-allocated chunk of VA memory with previous * and next free blocks. If coalesce is not done a new * free area is inserted. If VA has been merged, it is * freed. * * Please note, it can return NULL in case of overlap * ranges, followed by WARN() report. Despite it is a * buggy behaviour, a system can be alive and keep * ongoing. */ static __always_inline struct vmap_area * merge_or_add_vmap_area(struct vmap_area *va, struct rb_root *root, struct list_head *head) { struct vmap_area *sibling; struct list_head *next; struct rb_node **link; struct rb_node *parent; bool merged = false; /* * Find a place in the tree where VA potentially will be * inserted, unless it is merged with its sibling/siblings. */ link = find_va_links(va, root, NULL, &parent); if (!link) return NULL; /* * Get next node of VA to check if merging can be done. */ next = get_va_next_sibling(parent, link); if (unlikely(next == NULL)) goto insert; /* * start end * | | * |<------VA------>|<-----Next----->| * | | * start end */ if (next != head) { sibling = list_entry(next, struct vmap_area, list); if (sibling->va_start == va->va_end) { sibling->va_start = va->va_start; /* Free vmap_area object. */ kmem_cache_free(vmap_area_cachep, va); /* Point to the new merged area. */ va = sibling; merged = true; } } /* * start end * | | * |<-----Prev----->|<------VA------>| * | | * start end */ if (next->prev != head) { sibling = list_entry(next->prev, struct vmap_area, list); if (sibling->va_end == va->va_start) { /* * If both neighbors are coalesced, it is important * to unlink the "next" node first, followed by merging * with "previous" one. Otherwise the tree might not be * fully populated if a sibling's augmented value is * "normalized" because of rotation operations. */ if (merged) unlink_va(va, root); sibling->va_end = va->va_end; /* Free vmap_area object. */ kmem_cache_free(vmap_area_cachep, va); /* Point to the new merged area. */ va = sibling; merged = true; } } insert: if (!merged) link_va(va, root, parent, link, head); /* * Last step is to check and update the tree. */ augment_tree_propagate_from(va); return va; } static __always_inline bool is_within_this_va(struct vmap_area *va, unsigned long size, unsigned long align, unsigned long vstart) { unsigned long nva_start_addr; if (va->va_start > vstart) nva_start_addr = ALIGN(va->va_start, align); else nva_start_addr = ALIGN(vstart, align); /* Can be overflowed due to big size or alignment. */ if (nva_start_addr + size < nva_start_addr || nva_start_addr < vstart) return false; return (nva_start_addr + size <= va->va_end); } /* * Find the first free block(lowest start address) in the tree, * that will accomplish the request corresponding to passing * parameters. */ static __always_inline struct vmap_area * find_vmap_lowest_match(unsigned long size, unsigned long align, unsigned long vstart) { struct vmap_area *va; struct rb_node *node; unsigned long length; /* Start from the root. */ node = free_vmap_area_root.rb_node; /* Adjust the search size for alignment overhead. */ length = size + align - 1; while (node) { va = rb_entry(node, struct vmap_area, rb_node); if (get_subtree_max_size(node->rb_left) >= length && vstart < va->va_start) { node = node->rb_left; } else { if (is_within_this_va(va, size, align, vstart)) return va; /* * Does not make sense to go deeper towards the right * sub-tree if it does not have a free block that is * equal or bigger to the requested search length. */ if (get_subtree_max_size(node->rb_right) >= length) { node = node->rb_right; continue; } /* * OK. We roll back and find the first right sub-tree, * that will satisfy the search criteria. It can happen * only once due to "vstart" restriction. */ while ((node = rb_parent(node))) { va = rb_entry(node, struct vmap_area, rb_node); if (is_within_this_va(va, size, align, vstart)) return va; if (get_subtree_max_size(node->rb_right) >= length && vstart <= va->va_start) { node = node->rb_right; break; } } } } return NULL; } #if DEBUG_AUGMENT_LOWEST_MATCH_CHECK #include <linux/random.h> static struct vmap_area * find_vmap_lowest_linear_match(unsigned long size, unsigned long align, unsigned long vstart) { struct vmap_area *va; list_for_each_entry(va, &free_vmap_area_list, list) { if (!is_within_this_va(va, size, align, vstart)) continue; return va; } return NULL; } static void find_vmap_lowest_match_check(unsigned long size) { struct vmap_area *va_1, *va_2; unsigned long vstart; unsigned int rnd; get_random_bytes(&rnd, sizeof(rnd)); vstart = VMALLOC_START + rnd; va_1 = find_vmap_lowest_match(size, 1, vstart); va_2 = find_vmap_lowest_linear_match(size, 1, vstart); if (va_1 != va_2) pr_emerg("not lowest: t: 0x%p, l: 0x%p, v: 0x%lx\n", va_1, va_2, vstart); } #endif enum fit_type { NOTHING_FIT = 0, FL_FIT_TYPE = 1, /* full fit */ LE_FIT_TYPE = 2, /* left edge fit */ RE_FIT_TYPE = 3, /* right edge fit */ NE_FIT_TYPE = 4 /* no edge fit */ }; static __always_inline enum fit_type classify_va_fit_type(struct vmap_area *va, unsigned long nva_start_addr, unsigned long size) { enum fit_type type; /* Check if it is within VA. */ if (nva_start_addr < va->va_start || nva_start_addr + size > va->va_end) return NOTHING_FIT; /* Now classify. */ if (va->va_start == nva_start_addr) { if (va->va_end == nva_start_addr + size) type = FL_FIT_TYPE; else type = LE_FIT_TYPE; } else if (va->va_end == nva_start_addr + size) { type = RE_FIT_TYPE; } else { type = NE_FIT_TYPE; } return type; } static __always_inline int adjust_va_to_fit_type(struct vmap_area *va, unsigned long nva_start_addr, unsigned long size, enum fit_type type) { struct vmap_area *lva = NULL; if (type == FL_FIT_TYPE) { /* * No need to split VA, it fully fits. * * | | * V NVA V * |---------------| */ unlink_va(va, &free_vmap_area_root); kmem_cache_free(vmap_area_cachep, va); } else if (type == LE_FIT_TYPE) { /* * Split left edge of fit VA. * * | | * V NVA V R * |-------|-------| */ va->va_start += size; } else if (type == RE_FIT_TYPE) { /* * Split right edge of fit VA. * * | | * L V NVA V * |-------|-------| */ va->va_end = nva_start_addr; } else if (type == NE_FIT_TYPE) { /* * Split no edge of fit VA. * * | | * L V NVA V R * |---|-------|---| */ lva = __this_cpu_xchg(ne_fit_preload_node, NULL); if (unlikely(!lva)) { /* * For percpu allocator we do not do any pre-allocation * and leave it as it is. The reason is it most likely * never ends up with NE_FIT_TYPE splitting. In case of * percpu allocations offsets and sizes are aligned to * fixed align request, i.e. RE_FIT_TYPE and FL_FIT_TYPE * are its main fitting cases. * * There are a few exceptions though, as an example it is * a first allocation (early boot up) when we have "one" * big free space that has to be split. * * Also we can hit this path in case of regular "vmap" * allocations, if "this" current CPU was not preloaded. * See the comment in alloc_vmap_area() why. If so, then * GFP_NOWAIT is used instead to get an extra object for * split purpose. That is rare and most time does not * occur. * * What happens if an allocation gets failed. Basically, * an "overflow" path is triggered to purge lazily freed * areas to free some memory, then, the "retry" path is * triggered to repeat one more time. See more details * in alloc_vmap_area() function. */ lva = kmem_cache_alloc(vmap_area_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT); if (!lva) return -1; } /* * Build the remainder. */ lva->va_start = va->va_start; lva->va_end = nva_start_addr; /* * Shrink this VA to remaining size. */ va->va_start = nva_start_addr + size; } else { return -1; } if (type != FL_FIT_TYPE) { augment_tree_propagate_from(va); if (lva) /* type == NE_FIT_TYPE */ insert_vmap_area_augment(lva, &va->rb_node, &free_vmap_area_root, &free_vmap_area_list); } return 0; } /* * Returns a start address of the newly allocated area, if success. * Otherwise a vend is returned that indicates failure. */ static __always_inline unsigned long __alloc_vmap_area(unsigned long size, unsigned long align, unsigned long vstart, unsigned long vend) { unsigned long nva_start_addr; struct vmap_area *va; enum fit_type type; int ret; va = find_vmap_lowest_match(size, align, vstart); if (unlikely(!va)) return vend; if (va->va_start > vstart) nva_start_addr = ALIGN(va->va_start, align); else nva_start_addr = ALIGN(vstart, align); /* Check the "vend" restriction. */ if (nva_start_addr + size > vend) return vend; /* Classify what we have found. */ type = classify_va_fit_type(va, nva_start_addr, size); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(type == NOTHING_FIT)) return vend; /* Update the free vmap_area. */ ret = adjust_va_to_fit_type(va, nva_start_addr, size, type); if (ret) return vend; #if DEBUG_AUGMENT_LOWEST_MATCH_CHECK find_vmap_lowest_match_check(size); #endif return nva_start_addr; } /* * Free a region of KVA allocated by alloc_vmap_area */ static void free_vmap_area(struct vmap_area *va) { /* * Remove from the busy tree/list. */ spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock); unlink_va(va, &vmap_area_root); spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock); /* * Insert/Merge it back to the free tree/list. */ spin_lock(&free_vmap_area_lock); merge_or_add_vmap_area(va, &free_vmap_area_root, &free_vmap_area_list); spin_unlock(&free_vmap_area_lock); } /* * Allocate a region of KVA of the specified size and alignment, within the * vstart and vend. */ static struct vmap_area *alloc_vmap_area(unsigned long size, unsigned long align, unsigned long vstart, unsigned long vend, int node, gfp_t gfp_mask) { struct vmap_area *va, *pva; unsigned long addr; int purged = 0; int ret; BUG_ON(!size); BUG_ON(offset_in_page(size)); BUG_ON(!is_power_of_2(align)); if (unlikely(!vmap_initialized)) return ERR_PTR(-EBUSY); might_sleep(); gfp_mask = gfp_mask & GFP_RECLAIM_MASK; va = kmem_cache_alloc_node(vmap_area_cachep, gfp_mask, node); if (unlikely(!va)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); /* * Only scan the relevant parts containing pointers to other objects * to avoid false negatives. */ kmemleak_scan_area(&va->rb_node, SIZE_MAX, gfp_mask); retry: /* * Preload this CPU with one extra vmap_area object. It is used * when fit type of free area is NE_FIT_TYPE. Please note, it * does not guarantee that an allocation occurs on a CPU that * is preloaded, instead we minimize the case when it is not. * It can happen because of cpu migration, because there is a * race until the below spinlock is taken. * * The preload is done in non-atomic context, thus it allows us * to use more permissive allocation masks to be more stable under * low memory condition and high memory pressure. In rare case, * if not preloaded, GFP_NOWAIT is used. * * Set "pva" to NULL here, because of "retry" path. */ pva = NULL; if (!this_cpu_read(ne_fit_preload_node)) /* * Even if it fails we do not really care about that. * Just proceed as it is. If needed "overflow" path * will refill the cache we allocate from. */ pva = kmem_cache_alloc_node(vmap_area_cachep, gfp_mask, node); spin_lock(&free_vmap_area_lock); if (pva && __this_cpu_cmpxchg(ne_fit_preload_node, NULL, pva)) kmem_cache_free(vmap_area_cachep, pva); /* * If an allocation fails, the "vend" address is * returned. Therefore trigger the overflow path. */ addr = __alloc_vmap_area(size, align, vstart, vend); spin_unlock(&free_vmap_area_lock); if (unlikely(addr == vend)) goto overflow; va->va_start = addr; va->va_end = addr + size; va->vm = NULL; spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock); insert_vmap_area(va, &vmap_area_root, &vmap_area_list); spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock); BUG_ON(!IS_ALIGNED(va->va_start, align)); BUG_ON(va->va_start < vstart); BUG_ON(va->va_end > vend); ret = kasan_populate_vmalloc(addr, size); if (ret) { free_vmap_area(va); return ERR_PTR(ret); } return va; overflow: if (!purged) { purge_vmap_area_lazy(); purged = 1; goto retry; } if (gfpflags_allow_blocking(gfp_mask)) { unsigned long freed = 0; blocking_notifier_call_chain(&vmap_notify_list, 0, &freed); if (freed > 0) { purged = 0; goto retry; } } if (!(gfp_mask & __GFP_NOWARN) && printk_ratelimit()) pr_warn("vmap allocation for size %lu failed: use vmalloc=<size> to increase size\n", size); kmem_cache_free(vmap_area_cachep, va); return ERR_PTR(-EBUSY); } int register_vmap_purge_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb) { return blocking_notifier_chain_register(&vmap_notify_list, nb); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_vmap_purge_notifier); int unregister_vmap_purge_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb) { return blocking_notifier_chain_unregister(&vmap_notify_list, nb); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_vmap_purge_notifier); /* * lazy_max_pages is the maximum amount of virtual address space we gather up * before attempting to purge with a TLB flush. * * There is a tradeoff here: a larger number will cover more kernel page tables * and take slightly longer to purge, but it will linearly reduce the number of * global TLB flushes that must be performed. It would seem natural to scale * this number up linearly with the number of CPUs (because vmapping activity * could also scale linearly with the number of CPUs), however it is likely * that in practice, workloads might be constrained in other ways that mean * vmap activity will not scale linearly with CPUs. Also, I want to be * conservative and not introduce a big latency on huge systems, so go with * a less aggressive log scale. It will still be an improvement over the old * code, and it will be simple to change the scale factor if we find that it * becomes a problem on bigger systems. */ static unsigned long lazy_max_pages(void) { unsigned int log; log = fls(num_online_cpus()); return log * (32UL * 1024 * 1024 / PAGE_SIZE); } static atomic_long_t vmap_lazy_nr = ATOMIC_LONG_INIT(0); /* * Serialize vmap purging. There is no actual criticial section protected * by this look, but we want to avoid concurrent calls for performance * reasons and to make the pcpu_get_vm_areas more deterministic. */ static DEFINE_MUTEX(vmap_purge_lock); /* for per-CPU blocks */ static void purge_fragmented_blocks_allcpus(void); /* * called before a call to iounmap() if the caller wants vm_area_struct's * immediately freed. */ void set_iounmap_nonlazy(void) { atomic_long_set(&vmap_lazy_nr, lazy_max_pages()+1); } /* * Purges all lazily-freed vmap areas. */ static bool __purge_vmap_area_lazy(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { unsigned long resched_threshold; struct llist_node *valist; struct vmap_area *va; struct vmap_area *n_va; lockdep_assert_held(&vmap_purge_lock); valist = llist_del_all(&vmap_purge_list); if (unlikely(valist == NULL)) return false; /* * TODO: to calculate a flush range without looping. * The list can be up to lazy_max_pages() elements. */ llist_for_each_entry(va, valist, purge_list) { if (va->va_start < start) start = va->va_start; if (va->va_end > end) end = va->va_end; } flush_tlb_kernel_range(start, end); resched_threshold = lazy_max_pages() << 1; spin_lock(&free_vmap_area_lock); llist_for_each_entry_safe(va, n_va, valist, purge_list) { unsigned long nr = (va->va_end - va->va_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; unsigned long orig_start = va->va_start; unsigned long orig_end = va->va_end; /* * Finally insert or merge lazily-freed area. It is * detached and there is no need to "unlink" it from * anything. */ va = merge_or_add_vmap_area(va, &free_vmap_area_root, &free_vmap_area_list); if (!va) continue; if (is_vmalloc_or_module_addr((void *)orig_start)) kasan_release_vmalloc(orig_start, orig_end, va->va_start, va->va_end); atomic_long_sub(nr, &vmap_lazy_nr); if (atomic_long_read(&vmap_lazy_nr) < resched_threshold) cond_resched_lock(&free_vmap_area_lock); } spin_unlock(&free_vmap_area_lock); return true; } /* * Kick off a purge of the outstanding lazy areas. Don't bother if somebody * is already purging. */ static void try_purge_vmap_area_lazy(void) { if (mutex_trylock(&vmap_purge_lock)) { __purge_vmap_area_lazy(ULONG_MAX, 0); mutex_unlock(&vmap_purge_lock); } } /* * Kick off a purge of the outstanding lazy areas. */ static void purge_vmap_area_lazy(void) { mutex_lock(&vmap_purge_lock); purge_fragmented_blocks_allcpus(); __purge_vmap_area_lazy(ULONG_MAX, 0); mutex_unlock(&vmap_purge_lock); } /* * Free a vmap area, caller ensuring that the area has been unmapped * and flush_cache_vunmap had been called for the correct range * previously. */ static void free_vmap_area_noflush(struct vmap_area *va) { unsigned long nr_lazy; spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock); unlink_va(va, &vmap_area_root); spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock); nr_lazy = atomic_long_add_return((va->va_end - va->va_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT, &vmap_lazy_nr); /* After this point, we may free va at any time */ llist_add(&va->purge_list, &vmap_purge_list); if (unlikely(nr_lazy > lazy_max_pages())) try_purge_vmap_area_lazy(); } /* * Free and unmap a vmap area */ static void free_unmap_vmap_area(struct vmap_area *va) { flush_cache_vunmap(va->va_start, va->va_end); unmap_kernel_range_noflush(va->va_start, va->va_end - va->va_start); if (debug_pagealloc_enabled_static()) flush_tlb_kernel_range(va->va_start, va->va_end); free_vmap_area_noflush(va); } static struct vmap_area *find_vmap_area(unsigned long addr) { struct vmap_area *va; spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock); va = __find_vmap_area(addr); spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock); return va; } /*** Per cpu kva allocator ***/ /* * vmap space is limited especially on 32 bit architectures. Ensure there is * room for at least 16 percpu vmap blocks per CPU. */ /* * If we had a constant VMALLOC_START and VMALLOC_END, we'd like to be able * to #define VMALLOC_SPACE (VMALLOC_END-VMALLOC_START). Guess * instead (we just need a rough idea) */ #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 #define VMALLOC_SPACE (128UL*1024*1024) #else #define VMALLOC_SPACE (128UL*1024*1024*1024) #endif #define VMALLOC_PAGES (VMALLOC_SPACE / PAGE_SIZE) #define VMAP_MAX_ALLOC BITS_PER_LONG /* 256K with 4K pages */ #define VMAP_BBMAP_BITS_MAX 1024 /* 4MB with 4K pages */ #define VMAP_BBMAP_BITS_MIN (VMAP_MAX_ALLOC*2) #define VMAP_MIN(x, y) ((x) < (y) ? (x) : (y)) /* can't use min() */ #define VMAP_MAX(x, y) ((x) > (y) ? (x) : (y)) /* can't use max() */ #define VMAP_BBMAP_BITS \ VMAP_MIN(VMAP_BBMAP_BITS_MAX, \ VMAP_MAX(VMAP_BBMAP_BITS_MIN, \ VMALLOC_PAGES / roundup_pow_of_two(NR_CPUS) / 16)) #define VMAP_BLOCK_SIZE (VMAP_BBMAP_BITS * PAGE_SIZE) struct vmap_block_queue { spinlock_t lock; struct list_head free; }; struct vmap_block { spinlock_t lock; struct vmap_area *va; unsigned long free, dirty; unsigned long dirty_min, dirty_max; /*< dirty range */ struct list_head free_list; struct rcu_head rcu_head; struct list_head purge; }; /* Queue of free and dirty vmap blocks, for allocation and flushing purposes */ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct vmap_block_queue, vmap_block_queue); /* * XArray of vmap blocks, indexed by address, to quickly find a vmap block * in the free path. Could get rid of this if we change the API to return a * "cookie" from alloc, to be passed to free. But no big deal yet. */ static DEFINE_XARRAY(vmap_blocks); /* * We should probably have a fallback mechanism to allocate virtual memory * out of partially filled vmap blocks. However vmap block sizing should be * fairly reasonable according to the vmalloc size, so it shouldn't be a * big problem. */ static unsigned long addr_to_vb_idx(unsigned long addr) { addr -= VMALLOC_START & ~(VMAP_BLOCK_SIZE-1); addr /= VMAP_BLOCK_SIZE; return addr; } static void *vmap_block_vaddr(unsigned long va_start, unsigned long pages_off) { unsigned long addr; addr = va_start + (pages_off << PAGE_SHIFT); BUG_ON(addr_to_vb_idx(addr) != addr_to_vb_idx(va_start)); return (void *)addr; } /** * new_vmap_block - allocates new vmap_block and occupies 2^order pages in this * block. Of course pages number can't exceed VMAP_BBMAP_BITS * @order: how many 2^order pages should be occupied in newly allocated block * @gfp_mask: flags for the page level allocator * * Return: virtual address in a newly allocated block or ERR_PTR(-errno) */ static void *new_vmap_block(unsigned int order, gfp_t gfp_mask) { struct vmap_block_queue *vbq; struct vmap_block *vb; struct vmap_area *va; unsigned long vb_idx; int node, err; void *vaddr; node = numa_node_id(); vb = kmalloc_node(sizeof(struct vmap_block), gfp_mask & GFP_RECLAIM_MASK, node); if (unlikely(!vb)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); va = alloc_vmap_area(VMAP_BLOCK_SIZE, VMAP_BLOCK_SIZE, VMALLOC_START, VMALLOC_END, node, gfp_mask); if (IS_ERR(va)) { kfree(vb); return ERR_CAST(va); } vaddr = vmap_block_vaddr(va->va_start, 0); spin_lock_init(&vb->lock); vb->va = va; /* At least something should be left free */ BUG_ON(VMAP_BBMAP_BITS <= (1UL << order)); vb->free = VMAP_BBMAP_BITS - (1UL << order); vb->dirty = 0; vb->dirty_min = VMAP_BBMAP_BITS; vb->dirty_max = 0; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&vb->free_list); vb_idx = addr_to_vb_idx(va->va_start); err = xa_insert(&vmap_blocks, vb_idx, vb, gfp_mask); if (err) { kfree(vb); free_vmap_area(va); return ERR_PTR(err); } vbq = &get_cpu_var(vmap_block_queue); spin_lock(&vbq->lock); list_add_tail_rcu(&vb->free_list, &vbq->free); spin_unlock(&vbq->lock); put_cpu_var(vmap_block_queue); return vaddr; } static void free_vmap_block(struct vmap_block *vb) { struct vmap_block *tmp; tmp = xa_erase(&vmap_blocks, addr_to_vb_idx(vb->va->va_start)); BUG_ON(tmp != vb); free_vmap_area_noflush(vb->va); kfree_rcu(vb, rcu_head); } static void purge_fragmented_blocks(int cpu) { LIST_HEAD(purge); struct vmap_block *vb; struct vmap_block *n_vb; struct vmap_block_queue *vbq = &per_cpu(vmap_block_queue, cpu); rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(vb, &vbq->free, free_list) { if (!(vb->free + vb->dirty == VMAP_BBMAP_BITS && vb->dirty != VMAP_BBMAP_BITS)) continue; spin_lock(&vb->lock); if (vb->free + vb->dirty == VMAP_BBMAP_BITS && vb->dirty != VMAP_BBMAP_BITS) { vb->free = 0; /* prevent further allocs after releasing lock */ vb->dirty = VMAP_BBMAP_BITS; /* prevent purging it again */ vb->dirty_min = 0; vb->dirty_max = VMAP_BBMAP_BITS; spin_lock(&vbq->lock); list_del_rcu(&vb->free_list); spin_unlock(&vbq->lock); spin_unlock(&vb->lock); list_add_tail(&vb->purge, &purge); } else spin_unlock(&vb->lock); } rcu_read_unlock(); list_for_each_entry_safe(vb, n_vb, &purge, purge) { list_del(&vb->purge); free_vmap_block(vb); } } static void purge_fragmented_blocks_allcpus(void) { int cpu; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) purge_fragmented_blocks(cpu); } static void *vb_alloc(unsigned long size, gfp_t gfp_mask) { struct vmap_block_queue *vbq; struct vmap_block *vb; void *vaddr = NULL; unsigned int order; BUG_ON(offset_in_page(size)); BUG_ON(size > PAGE_SIZE*VMAP_MAX_ALLOC); if (WARN_ON(size == 0)) { /* * Allocating 0 bytes isn't what caller wants since * get_order(0) returns funny result. Just warn and terminate * early. */ return NULL; } order = get_order(size); rcu_read_lock(); vbq = &get_cpu_var(vmap_block_queue); list_for_each_entry_rcu(vb, &vbq->free, free_list) { unsigned long pages_off; spin_lock(&vb->lock); if (vb->free < (1UL << order)) { spin_unlock(&vb->lock); continue; } pages_off = VMAP_BBMAP_BITS - vb->free; vaddr = vmap_block_vaddr(vb->va->va_start, pages_off); vb->free -= 1UL << order; if (vb->free == 0) { spin_lock(&vbq->lock); list_del_rcu(&vb->free_list); spin_unlock(&vbq->lock); } spin_unlock(&vb->lock); break; } put_cpu_var(vmap_block_queue); rcu_read_unlock(); /* Allocate new block if nothing was found */ if (!vaddr) vaddr = new_vmap_block(order, gfp_mask); return vaddr; } static void vb_free(unsigned long addr, unsigned long size) { unsigned long offset; unsigned int order; struct vmap_block *vb; BUG_ON(offset_in_page(size)); BUG_ON(size > PAGE_SIZE*VMAP_MAX_ALLOC); flush_cache_vunmap(addr, addr + size); order = get_order(size); offset = (addr & (VMAP_BLOCK_SIZE - 1)) >> PAGE_SHIFT; vb = xa_load(&vmap_blocks, addr_to_vb_idx(addr)); unmap_kernel_range_noflush(addr, size); if (debug_pagealloc_enabled_static()) flush_tlb_kernel_range(addr, addr + size); spin_lock(&vb->lock); /* Expand dirty range */ vb->dirty_min = min(vb->dirty_min, offset); vb->dirty_max = max(vb->dirty_max, offset + (1UL << order)); vb->dirty += 1UL << order; if (vb->dirty == VMAP_BBMAP_BITS) { BUG_ON(vb->free); spin_unlock(&vb->lock); free_vmap_block(vb); } else spin_unlock(&vb->lock); } static void _vm_unmap_aliases(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, int flush) { int cpu; if (unlikely(!vmap_initialized)) return; might_sleep(); for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { struct vmap_block_queue *vbq = &per_cpu(vmap_block_queue, cpu); struct vmap_block *vb; rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(vb, &vbq->free, free_list) { spin_lock(&vb->lock); if (vb->dirty) { unsigned long va_start = vb->va->va_start; unsigned long s, e; s = va_start + (vb->dirty_min << PAGE_SHIFT); e = va_start + (vb->dirty_max << PAGE_SHIFT); start = min(s, start); end = max(e, end); flush = 1; } spin_unlock(&vb->lock); } rcu_read_unlock(); } mutex_lock(&vmap_purge_lock); purge_fragmented_blocks_allcpus(); if (!__purge_vmap_area_lazy(start, end) && flush) flush_tlb_kernel_range(start, end); mutex_unlock(&vmap_purge_lock); } /** * vm_unmap_aliases - unmap outstanding lazy aliases in the vmap layer * * The vmap/vmalloc layer lazily flushes kernel virtual mappings primarily * to amortize TLB flushing overheads. What this means is that any page you * have now, may, in a former life, have been mapped into kernel virtual * address by the vmap layer and so there might be some CPUs with TLB entries * still referencing that page (additional to the regular 1:1 kernel mapping). * * vm_unmap_aliases flushes all such lazy mappings. After it returns, we can * be sure that none of the pages we have control over will have any aliases * from the vmap layer. */ void vm_unmap_aliases(void) { unsigned long start = ULONG_MAX, end = 0; int flush = 0; _vm_unmap_aliases(start, end, flush); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vm_unmap_aliases); /** * vm_unmap_ram - unmap linear kernel address space set up by vm_map_ram * @mem: the pointer returned by vm_map_ram * @count: the count passed to that vm_map_ram call (cannot unmap partial) */ void vm_unmap_ram(const void *mem, unsigned int count) { unsigned long size = (unsigned long)count << PAGE_SHIFT; unsigned long addr = (unsigned long)mem; struct vmap_area *va; might_sleep(); BUG_ON(!addr); BUG_ON(addr < VMALLOC_START); BUG_ON(addr > VMALLOC_END); BUG_ON(!PAGE_ALIGNED(addr)); kasan_poison_vmalloc(mem, size); if (likely(count <= VMAP_MAX_ALLOC)) { debug_check_no_locks_freed(mem, size); vb_free(addr, size); return; } va = find_vmap_area(addr); BUG_ON(!va); debug_check_no_locks_freed((void *)va->va_start, (va->va_end - va->va_start)); free_unmap_vmap_area(va); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_unmap_ram); /** * vm_map_ram - map pages linearly into kernel virtual address (vmalloc space) * @pages: an array of pointers to the pages to be mapped * @count: number of pages * @node: prefer to allocate data structures on this node * * If you use this function for less than VMAP_MAX_ALLOC pages, it could be * faster than vmap so it's good. But if you mix long-life and short-life * objects with vm_map_ram(), it could consume lots of address space through * fragmentation (especially on a 32bit machine). You could see failures in * the end. Please use this function for short-lived objects. * * Returns: a pointer to the address that has been mapped, or %NULL on failure */ void *vm_map_ram(struct page **pages, unsigned int count, int node) { unsigned long size = (unsigned long)count << PAGE_SHIFT; unsigned long addr; void *mem; if (likely(count <= VMAP_MAX_ALLOC)) { mem = vb_alloc(size, GFP_KERNEL); if (IS_ERR(mem)) return NULL; addr = (unsigned long)mem; } else { struct vmap_area *va; va = alloc_vmap_area(size, PAGE_SIZE, VMALLOC_START, VMALLOC_END, node, GFP_KERNEL); if (IS_ERR(va)) return NULL; addr = va->va_start; mem = (void *)addr; } kasan_unpoison_vmalloc(mem, size); if (map_kernel_range(addr, size, PAGE_KERNEL, pages) < 0) { vm_unmap_ram(mem, count); return NULL; } return mem; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_map_ram); static struct vm_struct *vmlist __initdata; /** * vm_area_add_early - add vmap area early during boot * @vm: vm_struct to add * * This function is used to add fixed kernel vm area to vmlist before * vmalloc_init() is called. @vm->addr, @vm->size, and @vm->flags * should contain proper values and the other fields should be zero. * * DO NOT USE THIS FUNCTION UNLESS YOU KNOW WHAT YOU'RE DOING. */ void __init vm_area_add_early(struct vm_struct *vm) { struct vm_struct *tmp, **p; BUG_ON(vmap_initialized); for (p = &vmlist; (tmp = *p) != NULL; p = &tmp->next) { if (tmp->addr >= vm->addr) { BUG_ON(tmp->addr < vm->addr + vm->size); break; } else BUG_ON(tmp->addr + tmp->size > vm->addr); } vm->next = *p; *p = vm; } /** * vm_area_register_early - register vmap area early during boot * @vm: vm_struct to register * @align: requested alignment * * This function is used to register kernel vm area before * vmalloc_init() is called. @vm->size and @vm->flags should contain * proper values on entry and other fields should be zero. On return, * vm->addr contains the allocated address. * * DO NOT USE THIS FUNCTION UNLESS YOU KNOW WHAT YOU'RE DOING. */ void __init vm_area_register_early(struct vm_struct *vm, size_t align) { static size_t vm_init_off __initdata; unsigned long addr; addr = ALIGN(VMALLOC_START + vm_init_off, align); vm_init_off = PFN_ALIGN(addr + vm->size) - VMALLOC_START; vm->addr = (void *)addr; vm_area_add_early(vm); } static void vmap_init_free_space(void) { unsigned long vmap_start = 1; const unsigned long vmap_end = ULONG_MAX; struct vmap_area *busy, *free; /* * B F B B B F * -|-----|.....|-----|-----|-----|.....|- * | The KVA space | * |<--------------------------------->| */ list_for_each_entry(busy, &vmap_area_list, list) { if (busy->va_start - vmap_start > 0) { free = kmem_cache_zalloc(vmap_area_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT); if (!WARN_ON_ONCE(!free)) { free->va_start = vmap_start; free->va_end = busy->va_start; insert_vmap_area_augment(free, NULL, &free_vmap_area_root, &free_vmap_area_list); } } vmap_start = busy->va_end; } if (vmap_end - vmap_start > 0) { free = kmem_cache_zalloc(vmap_area_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT); if (!WARN_ON_ONCE(!free)) { free->va_start = vmap_start; free->va_end = vmap_end; insert_vmap_area_augment(free, NULL, &free_vmap_area_root, &free_vmap_area_list); } } } void __init vmalloc_init(void) { struct vmap_area *va; struct vm_struct *tmp; int i; /* * Create the cache for vmap_area objects. */ vmap_area_cachep = KMEM_CACHE(vmap_area, SLAB_PANIC); for_each_possible_cpu(i) { struct vmap_block_queue *vbq; struct vfree_deferred *p; vbq = &per_cpu(vmap_block_queue, i); spin_lock_init(&vbq->lock); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&vbq->free); p = &per_cpu(vfree_deferred, i); init_llist_head(&p->list); INIT_WORK(&p->wq, free_work); } /* Import existing vmlist entries. */ for (tmp = vmlist; tmp; tmp = tmp->next) { va = kmem_cache_zalloc(vmap_area_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!va)) continue; va->va_start = (unsigned long)tmp->addr; va->va_end = va->va_start + tmp->size; va->vm = tmp; insert_vmap_area(va, &vmap_area_root, &vmap_area_list); } /* * Now we can initialize a free vmap space. */ vmap_init_free_space(); vmap_initialized = true; } /** * unmap_kernel_range - unmap kernel VM area and flush cache and TLB * @addr: start of the VM area to unmap * @size: size of the VM area to unmap * * Similar to unmap_kernel_range_noflush() but flushes vcache before * the unmapping and tlb after. */ void unmap_kernel_range(unsigned long addr, unsigned long size) { unsigned long end = addr + size; flush_cache_vunmap(addr, end); unmap_kernel_range_noflush(addr, size); flush_tlb_kernel_range(addr, end); } static inline void setup_vmalloc_vm_locked(struct vm_struct *vm, struct vmap_area *va, unsigned long flags, const void *caller) { vm->flags = flags; vm->addr = (void *)va->va_start; vm->size = va->va_end - va->va_start; vm->caller = caller; va->vm = vm; } static void setup_vmalloc_vm(struct vm_struct *vm, struct vmap_area *va, unsigned long flags, const void *caller) { spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock); setup_vmalloc_vm_locked(vm, va, flags, caller); spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock); } static void clear_vm_uninitialized_flag(struct vm_struct *vm) { /* * Before removing VM_UNINITIALIZED, * we should make sure that vm has proper values. * Pair with smp_rmb() in show_numa_info(). */ smp_wmb(); vm->flags &= ~VM_UNINITIALIZED; } static struct vm_struct *__get_vm_area_node(unsigned long size, unsigned long align, unsigned long flags, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, int node, gfp_t gfp_mask, const void *caller) { struct vmap_area *va; struct vm_struct *area; unsigned long requested_size = size; BUG_ON(in_interrupt()); size = PAGE_ALIGN(size); if (unlikely(!size)) return NULL; if (flags & VM_IOREMAP) align = 1ul << clamp_t(int, get_count_order_long(size), PAGE_SHIFT, IOREMAP_MAX_ORDER); area = kzalloc_node(sizeof(*area), gfp_mask & GFP_RECLAIM_MASK, node); if (unlikely(!area)) return NULL; if (!(flags & VM_NO_GUARD)) size += PAGE_SIZE; va = alloc_vmap_area(size, align, start, end, node, gfp_mask); if (IS_ERR(va)) { kfree(area); return NULL; } kasan_unpoison_vmalloc((void *)va->va_start, requested_size); setup_vmalloc_vm(area, va, flags, caller); return area; } struct vm_struct *__get_vm_area_caller(unsigned long size, unsigned long flags, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, const void *caller) { return __get_vm_area_node(size, 1, flags, start, end, NUMA_NO_NODE, GFP_KERNEL, caller); } /** * get_vm_area - reserve a contiguous kernel virtual area * @size: size of the area * @flags: %VM_IOREMAP for I/O mappings or VM_ALLOC * * Search an area of @size in the kernel virtual mapping area, * and reserved it for out purposes. Returns the area descriptor * on success or %NULL on failure. * * Return: the area descriptor on success or %NULL on failure. */ struct vm_struct *get_vm_area(unsigned long size, unsigned long flags) { return __get_vm_area_node(size, 1, flags, VMALLOC_START, VMALLOC_END, NUMA_NO_NODE, GFP_KERNEL, __builtin_return_address(0)); } struct vm_struct *get_vm_area_caller(unsigned long size, unsigned long flags, const void *caller) { return __get_vm_area_node(size, 1, flags, VMALLOC_START, VMALLOC_END, NUMA_NO_NODE, GFP_KERNEL, caller); } /** * find_vm_area - find a continuous kernel virtual area * @addr: base address * * Search for the kernel VM area starting at @addr, and return it. * It is up to the caller to do all required locking to keep the returned * pointer valid. * * Return: the area descriptor on success or %NULL on failure. */ struct vm_struct *find_vm_area(const void *addr) { struct vmap_area *va; va = find_vmap_area((unsigned long)addr); if (!va) return NULL; return va->vm; } /** * remove_vm_area - find and remove a continuous kernel virtual area * @addr: base address * * Search for the kernel VM area starting at @addr, and remove it. * This function returns the found VM area, but using it is NOT safe * on SMP machines, except for its size or flags. * * Return: the area descriptor on success or %NULL on failure. */ struct vm_struct *remove_vm_area(const void *addr) { struct vmap_area *va; might_sleep(); spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock); va = __find_vmap_area((unsigned long)addr); if (va && va->vm) { struct vm_struct *vm = va->vm; va->vm = NULL; spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock); kasan_free_shadow(vm); free_unmap_vmap_area(va); return vm; } spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock); return NULL; } static inline void set_area_direct_map(const struct vm_struct *area, int (*set_direct_map)(struct page *page)) { int i; for (i = 0; i < area->nr_pages; i++) if (page_address(area->pages[i])) set_direct_map(area->pages[i]); } /* Handle removing and resetting vm mappings related to the vm_struct. */ static void vm_remove_mappings(struct vm_struct *area, int deallocate_pages) { unsigned long start = ULONG_MAX, end = 0; int flush_reset = area->flags & VM_FLUSH_RESET_PERMS; int flush_dmap = 0; int i; remove_vm_area(area->addr); /* If this is not VM_FLUSH_RESET_PERMS memory, no need for the below. */ if (!flush_reset) return; /* * If not deallocating pages, just do the flush of the VM area and * return. */ if (!deallocate_pages) { vm_unmap_aliases(); return; } /* * If execution gets here, flush the vm mapping and reset the direct * map. Find the start and end range of the direct mappings to make sure * the vm_unmap_aliases() flush includes the direct map. */ for (i = 0; i < area->nr_pages; i++) { unsigned long addr = (unsigned long)page_address(area->pages[i]); if (addr) { start = min(addr, start); end = max(addr + PAGE_SIZE, end); flush_dmap = 1; } } /* * Set direct map to something invalid so that it won't be cached if * there are any accesses after the TLB flush, then flush the TLB and * reset the direct map permissions to the default. */ set_area_direct_map(area, set_direct_map_invalid_noflush); _vm_unmap_aliases(start, end, flush_dmap); set_area_direct_map(area, set_direct_map_default_noflush); } static void __vunmap(const void *addr, int deallocate_pages) { struct vm_struct *area; if (!addr) return; if (WARN(!PAGE_ALIGNED(addr), "Trying to vfree() bad address (%p)\n", addr)) return; area = find_vm_area(addr); if (unlikely(!area)) { WARN(1, KERN_ERR "Trying to vfree() nonexistent vm area (%p)\n", addr); return; } debug_check_no_locks_freed(area->addr, get_vm_area_size(area)); debug_check_no_obj_freed(area->addr, get_vm_area_size(area)); kasan_poison_vmalloc(area->addr, get_vm_area_size(area)); vm_remove_mappings(area, deallocate_pages); if (deallocate_pages) { int i; for (i = 0; i < area->nr_pages; i++) { struct page *page = area->pages[i]; BUG_ON(!page); __free_pages(page, 0); } atomic_long_sub(area->nr_pages, &nr_vmalloc_pages); kvfree(area->pages); } kfree(area); return; } static inline void __vfree_deferred(const void *addr) { /* * Use raw_cpu_ptr() because this can be called from preemptible * context. Preemption is absolutely fine here, because the llist_add() * implementation is lockless, so it works even if we are adding to * another cpu's list. schedule_work() should be fine with this too. */ struct vfree_deferred *p = raw_cpu_ptr(&vfree_deferred); if (llist_add((struct llist_node *)addr, &p->list)) schedule_work(&p->wq); } /** * vfree_atomic - release memory allocated by vmalloc() * @addr: memory base address * * This one is just like vfree() but can be called in any atomic context * except NMIs. */ void vfree_atomic(const void *addr) { BUG_ON(in_nmi()); kmemleak_free(addr); if (!addr) return; __vfree_deferred(addr); } static void __vfree(const void *addr) { if (unlikely(in_interrupt())) __vfree_deferred(addr); else __vunmap(addr, 1); } /** * vfree - Release memory allocated by vmalloc() * @addr: Memory base address * * Free the virtually continuous memory area starting at @addr, as obtained * from one of the vmalloc() family of APIs. This will usually also free the * physical memory underlying the virtual allocation, but that memory is * reference counted, so it will not be freed until the last user goes away. * * If @addr is NULL, no operation is performed. * * Context: * May sleep if called *not* from interrupt context. * Must not be called in NMI context (strictly speaking, it could be * if we have CONFIG_ARCH_HAVE_NMI_SAFE_CMPXCHG, but making the calling * conventions for vfree() arch-depenedent would be a really bad idea). */ void vfree(const void *addr) { BUG_ON(in_nmi()); kmemleak_free(addr); might_sleep_if(!in_interrupt()); if (!addr) return; __vfree(addr); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfree); /** * vunmap - release virtual mapping obtained by vmap() * @addr: memory base address * * Free the virtually contiguous memory area starting at @addr, * which was created from the page array passed to vmap(). * * Must not be called in interrupt context. */ void vunmap(const void *addr) { BUG_ON(in_interrupt()); might_sleep(); if (addr) __vunmap(addr, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vunmap); /** * vmap - map an array of pages into virtually contiguous space * @pages: array of page pointers * @count: number of pages to map * @flags: vm_area->flags * @prot: page protection for the mapping * * Maps @count pages from @pages into contiguous kernel virtual space. * If @flags contains %VM_MAP_PUT_PAGES the ownership of the pages array itself * (which must be kmalloc or vmalloc memory) and one reference per pages in it * are transferred from the caller to vmap(), and will be freed / dropped when * vfree() is called on the return value. * * Return: the address of the area or %NULL on failure */ void *vmap(struct page **pages, unsigned int count, unsigned long flags, pgprot_t prot) { struct vm_struct *area; unsigned long size; /* In bytes */ might_sleep(); if (count > totalram_pages()) return NULL; size = (unsigned long)count << PAGE_SHIFT; area = get_vm_area_caller(size, flags, __builtin_return_address(0)); if (!area) return NULL; if (map_kernel_range((unsigned long)area->addr, size, pgprot_nx(prot), pages) < 0) { vunmap(area->addr); return NULL; } if (flags & VM_MAP_PUT_PAGES) { area->pages = pages; area->nr_pages = count; } return area->addr; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmap); #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_PFN struct vmap_pfn_data { unsigned long *pfns; pgprot_t prot; unsigned int idx; }; static int vmap_pfn_apply(pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, void *private) { struct vmap_pfn_data *data = private; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(pfn_valid(data->pfns[data->idx]))) return -EINVAL; *pte = pte_mkspecial(pfn_pte(data->pfns[data->idx++], data->prot)); return 0; } /** * vmap_pfn - map an array of PFNs into virtually contiguous space * @pfns: array of PFNs * @count: number of pages to map * @prot: page protection for the mapping * * Maps @count PFNs from @pfns into contiguous kernel virtual space and returns * the start address of the mapping. */ void *vmap_pfn(unsigned long *pfns, unsigned int count, pgprot_t prot) { struct vmap_pfn_data data = { .pfns = pfns, .prot = pgprot_nx(prot) }; struct vm_struct *area; area = get_vm_area_caller(count * PAGE_SIZE, VM_IOREMAP, __builtin_return_address(0)); if (!area) return NULL; if (apply_to_page_range(&init_mm, (unsigned long)area->addr, count * PAGE_SIZE, vmap_pfn_apply, &data)) { free_vm_area(area); return NULL; } return area->addr; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vmap_pfn); #endif /* CONFIG_VMAP_PFN */ static void *__vmalloc_area_node(struct vm_struct *area, gfp_t gfp_mask, pgprot_t prot, int node) { const gfp_t nested_gfp = (gfp_mask & GFP_RECLAIM_MASK) | __GFP_ZERO; unsigned int nr_pages = get_vm_area_size(area) >> PAGE_SHIFT; unsigned int array_size = nr_pages * sizeof(struct page *), i; struct page **pages; gfp_mask |= __GFP_NOWARN; if (!(gfp_mask & (GFP_DMA | GFP_DMA32))) gfp_mask |= __GFP_HIGHMEM; /* Please note that the recursion is strictly bounded. */ if (array_size > PAGE_SIZE) { pages = __vmalloc_node(array_size, 1, nested_gfp, node, area->caller); } else { pages = kmalloc_node(array_size, nested_gfp, node); } if (!pages) { remove_vm_area(area->addr); kfree(area); return NULL; } area->pages = pages; area->nr_pages = nr_pages; for (i = 0; i < area->nr_pages; i++) { struct page *page; if (node == NUMA_NO_NODE) page = alloc_page(gfp_mask); else page = alloc_pages_node(node, gfp_mask, 0); if (unlikely(!page)) { /* Successfully allocated i pages, free them in __vfree() */ area->nr_pages = i; atomic_long_add(area->nr_pages, &nr_vmalloc_pages); goto fail; } area->pages[i] = page; if (gfpflags_allow_blocking(gfp_mask)) cond_resched(); } atomic_long_add(area->nr_pages, &nr_vmalloc_pages); if (map_kernel_range((unsigned long)area->addr, get_vm_area_size(area), prot, pages) < 0) goto fail; return area->addr; fail: warn_alloc(gfp_mask, NULL, "vmalloc: allocation failure, allocated %ld of %ld bytes", (area->nr_pages*PAGE_SIZE), area->size); __vfree(area->addr); return NULL; } /** * __vmalloc_node_range - allocate virtually contiguous memory * @size: allocation size * @align: desired alignment * @start: vm area range start * @end: vm area range end * @gfp_mask: flags for the page level allocator * @prot: protection mask for the allocated pages * @vm_flags: additional vm area flags (e.g. %VM_NO_GUARD) * @node: node to use for allocation or NUMA_NO_NODE * @caller: caller's return address * * Allocate enough pages to cover @size from the page level * allocator with @gfp_mask flags. Map them into contiguous * kernel virtual space, using a pagetable protection of @prot. * * Return: the address of the area or %NULL on failure */ void *__vmalloc_node_range(unsigned long size, unsigned long align, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, gfp_t gfp_mask, pgprot_t prot, unsigned long vm_flags, int node, const void *caller) { struct vm_struct *area; void *addr; unsigned long real_size = size; size = PAGE_ALIGN(size); if (!size || (size >> PAGE_SHIFT) > totalram_pages()) goto fail; area = __get_vm_area_node(real_size, align, VM_ALLOC | VM_UNINITIALIZED | vm_flags, start, end, node, gfp_mask, caller); if (!area) goto fail; addr = __vmalloc_area_node(area, gfp_mask, prot, node); if (!addr) return NULL; /* * In this function, newly allocated vm_struct has VM_UNINITIALIZED * flag. It means that vm_struct is not fully initialized. * Now, it is fully initialized, so remove this flag here. */ clear_vm_uninitialized_flag(area); kmemleak_vmalloc(area, size, gfp_mask); return addr; fail: warn_alloc(gfp_mask, NULL, "vmalloc: allocation failure: %lu bytes", real_size); return NULL; } /** * __vmalloc_node - allocate virtually contiguous memory * @size: allocation size * @align: desired alignment * @gfp_mask: flags for the page level allocator * @node: node to use for allocation or NUMA_NO_NODE * @caller: caller's return address * * Allocate enough pages to cover @size from the page level allocator with * @gfp_mask flags. Map them into contiguous kernel virtual space. * * Reclaim modifiers in @gfp_mask - __GFP_NORETRY, __GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL * and __GFP_NOFAIL are not supported * * Any use of gfp flags outside of GFP_KERNEL should be consulted * with mm people. * * Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error */ void *__vmalloc_node(unsigned long size, unsigned long align, gfp_t gfp_mask, int node, const void *caller) { return __vmalloc_node_range(size, align, VMALLOC_START, VMALLOC_END, gfp_mask, PAGE_KERNEL, 0, node, caller); } /* * This is only for performance analysis of vmalloc and stress purpose. * It is required by vmalloc test module, therefore do not use it other * than that. */ #ifdef CONFIG_TEST_VMALLOC_MODULE EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__vmalloc_node); #endif void *__vmalloc(unsigned long size, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return __vmalloc_node(size, 1, gfp_mask, NUMA_NO_NODE, __builtin_return_address(0)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__vmalloc); /** * vmalloc - allocate virtually contiguous memory * @size: allocation size * * Allocate enough pages to cover @size from the page level * allocator and map them into contiguous kernel virtual space. * * For tight control over page level allocator and protection flags * use __vmalloc() instead. * * Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error */ void *vmalloc(unsigned long size) { return __vmalloc_node(size, 1, GFP_KERNEL, NUMA_NO_NODE, __builtin_return_address(0)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmalloc); /** * vzalloc - allocate virtually contiguous memory with zero fill * @size: allocation size * * Allocate enough pages to cover @size from the page level * allocator and map them into contiguous kernel virtual space. * The memory allocated is set to zero. * * For tight control over page level allocator and protection flags * use __vmalloc() instead. * * Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error */ void *vzalloc(unsigned long size) { return __vmalloc_node(size, 1, GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO, NUMA_NO_NODE, __builtin_return_address(0)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vzalloc); /** * vmalloc_user - allocate zeroed virtually contiguous memory for userspace * @size: allocation size * * The resulting memory area is zeroed so it can be mapped to userspace * without leaking data. * * Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error */ void *vmalloc_user(unsigned long size) { return __vmalloc_node_range(size, SHMLBA, VMALLOC_START, VMALLOC_END, GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO, PAGE_KERNEL, VM_USERMAP, NUMA_NO_NODE, __builtin_return_address(0)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmalloc_user); /** * vmalloc_node - allocate memory on a specific node * @size: allocation size * @node: numa node * * Allocate enough pages to cover @size from the page level * allocator and map them into contiguous kernel virtual space. * * For tight control over page level allocator and protection flags * use __vmalloc() instead. * * Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error */ void *vmalloc_node(unsigned long size, int node) { return __vmalloc_node(size, 1, GFP_KERNEL, node, __builtin_return_address(0)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmalloc_node); /** * vzalloc_node - allocate memory on a specific node with zero fill * @size: allocation size * @node: numa node * * Allocate enough pages to cover @size from the page level * allocator and map them into contiguous kernel virtual space. * The memory allocated is set to zero. * * Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error */ void *vzalloc_node(unsigned long size, int node) { return __vmalloc_node(size, 1, GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO, node, __builtin_return_address(0)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vzalloc_node); #if defined(CONFIG_64BIT) && defined(CONFIG_ZONE_DMA32) #define GFP_VMALLOC32 (GFP_DMA32 | GFP_KERNEL) #elif defined(CONFIG_64BIT) && defined(CONFIG_ZONE_DMA) #define GFP_VMALLOC32 (GFP_DMA | GFP_KERNEL) #else /* * 64b systems should always have either DMA or DMA32 zones. For others * GFP_DMA32 should do the right thing and use the normal zone. */ #define GFP_VMALLOC32 GFP_DMA32 | GFP_KERNEL #endif /** * vmalloc_32 - allocate virtually contiguous memory (32bit addressable) * @size: allocation size * * Allocate enough 32bit PA addressable pages to cover @size from the * page level allocator and map them into contiguous kernel virtual space. * * Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error */ void *vmalloc_32(unsigned long size) { return __vmalloc_node(size, 1, GFP_VMALLOC32, NUMA_NO_NODE, __builtin_return_address(0)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmalloc_32); /** * vmalloc_32_user - allocate zeroed virtually contiguous 32bit memory * @size: allocation size * * The resulting memory area is 32bit addressable and zeroed so it can be * mapped to userspace without leaking data. * * Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error */ void *vmalloc_32_user(unsigned long size) { return __vmalloc_node_range(size, SHMLBA, VMALLOC_START, VMALLOC_END, GFP_VMALLOC32 | __GFP_ZERO, PAGE_KERNEL, VM_USERMAP, NUMA_NO_NODE, __builtin_return_address(0)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmalloc_32_user); /* * small helper routine , copy contents to buf from addr. * If the page is not present, fill zero. */ static int aligned_vread(char *buf, char *addr, unsigned long count) { struct page *p; int copied = 0; while (count) { unsigned long offset, length; offset = offset_in_page(addr); length = PAGE_SIZE - offset; if (length > count) length = count; p = vmalloc_to_page(addr); /* * To do safe access to this _mapped_ area, we need * lock. But adding lock here means that we need to add * overhead of vmalloc()/vfree() calles for this _debug_ * interface, rarely used. Instead of that, we'll use * kmap() and get small overhead in this access function. */ if (p) { /* * we can expect USER0 is not used (see vread/vwrite's * function description) */ void *map = kmap_atomic(p); memcpy(buf, map + offset, length); kunmap_atomic(map); } else memset(buf, 0, length); addr += length; buf += length; copied += length; count -= length; } return copied; } static int aligned_vwrite(char *buf, char *addr, unsigned long count) { struct page *p; int copied = 0; while (count) { unsigned long offset, length; offset = offset_in_page(addr); length = PAGE_SIZE - offset; if (length > count) length = count; p = vmalloc_to_page(addr); /* * To do safe access to this _mapped_ area, we need * lock. But adding lock here means that we need to add * overhead of vmalloc()/vfree() calles for this _debug_ * interface, rarely used. Instead of that, we'll use * kmap() and get small overhead in this access function. */ if (p) { /* * we can expect USER0 is not used (see vread/vwrite's * function description) */ void *map = kmap_atomic(p); memcpy(map + offset, buf, length); kunmap_atomic(map); } addr += length; buf += length; copied += length; count -= length; } return copied; } /** * vread() - read vmalloc area in a safe way. * @buf: buffer for reading data * @addr: vm address. * @count: number of bytes to be read. * * This function checks that addr is a valid vmalloc'ed area, and * copy data from that area to a given buffer. If the given memory range * of [addr...addr+count) includes some valid address, data is copied to * proper area of @buf. If there are memory holes, they'll be zero-filled. * IOREMAP area is treated as memory hole and no copy is done. * * If [addr...addr+count) doesn't includes any intersects with alive * vm_struct area, returns 0. @buf should be kernel's buffer. * * Note: In usual ops, vread() is never necessary because the caller * should know vmalloc() area is valid and can use memcpy(). * This is for routines which have to access vmalloc area without * any information, as /dev/kmem. * * Return: number of bytes for which addr and buf should be increased * (same number as @count) or %0 if [addr...addr+count) doesn't * include any intersection with valid vmalloc area */ long vread(char *buf, char *addr, unsigned long count) { struct vmap_area *va; struct vm_struct *vm; char *vaddr, *buf_start = buf; unsigned long buflen = count; unsigned long n; /* Don't allow overflow */ if ((unsigned long) addr + count < count) count = -(unsigned long) addr; spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock); list_for_each_entry(va, &vmap_area_list, list) { if (!count) break; if (!va->vm) continue; vm = va->vm; vaddr = (char *) vm->addr; if (addr >= vaddr + get_vm_area_size(vm)) continue; while (addr < vaddr) { if (count == 0) goto finished; *buf = '\0'; buf++; addr++; count--; } n = vaddr + get_vm_area_size(vm) - addr; if (n > count) n = count; if (!(vm->flags & VM_IOREMAP)) aligned_vread(buf, addr, n); else /* IOREMAP area is treated as memory hole */ memset(buf, 0, n); buf += n; addr += n; count -= n; } finished: spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock); if (buf == buf_start) return 0; /* zero-fill memory holes */ if (buf != buf_start + buflen) memset(buf, 0, buflen - (buf - buf_start)); return buflen; } /** * vwrite() - write vmalloc area in a safe way. * @buf: buffer for source data * @addr: vm address. * @count: number of bytes to be read. * * This function checks that addr is a valid vmalloc'ed area, and * copy data from a buffer to the given addr. If specified range of * [addr...addr+count) includes some valid address, data is copied from * proper area of @buf. If there are memory holes, no copy to hole. * IOREMAP area is treated as memory hole and no copy is done. * * If [addr...addr+count) doesn't includes any intersects with alive * vm_struct area, returns 0. @buf should be kernel's buffer. * * Note: In usual ops, vwrite() is never necessary because the caller * should know vmalloc() area is valid and can use memcpy(). * This is for routines which have to access vmalloc area without * any information, as /dev/kmem. * * Return: number of bytes for which addr and buf should be * increased (same number as @count) or %0 if [addr...addr+count) * doesn't include any intersection with valid vmalloc area */ long vwrite(char *buf, char *addr, unsigned long count) { struct vmap_area *va; struct vm_struct *vm; char *vaddr; unsigned long n, buflen; int copied = 0; /* Don't allow overflow */ if ((unsigned long) addr + count < count) count = -(unsigned long) addr; buflen = count; spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock); list_for_each_entry(va, &vmap_area_list, list) { if (!count) break; if (!va->vm) continue; vm = va->vm; vaddr = (char *) vm->addr; if (addr >= vaddr + get_vm_area_size(vm)) continue; while (addr < vaddr) { if (count == 0) goto finished; buf++; addr++; count--; } n = vaddr + get_vm_area_size(vm) - addr; if (n > count) n = count; if (!(vm->flags & VM_IOREMAP)) { aligned_vwrite(buf, addr, n); copied++; } buf += n; addr += n; count -= n; } finished: spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock); if (!copied) return 0; return buflen; } /** * remap_vmalloc_range_partial - map vmalloc pages to userspace * @vma: vma to cover * @uaddr: target user address to start at * @kaddr: virtual address of vmalloc kernel memory * @pgoff: offset from @kaddr to start at * @size: size of map area * * Returns: 0 for success, -Exxx on failure * * This function checks that @kaddr is a valid vmalloc'ed area, * and that it is big enough to cover the range starting at * @uaddr in @vma. Will return failure if that criteria isn't * met. * * Similar to remap_pfn_range() (see mm/memory.c) */ int remap_vmalloc_range_partial(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long uaddr, void *kaddr, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long size) { struct vm_struct *area; unsigned long off; unsigned long end_index; if (check_shl_overflow(pgoff, PAGE_SHIFT, &off)) return -EINVAL; size = PAGE_ALIGN(size); if (!PAGE_ALIGNED(uaddr) || !PAGE_ALIGNED(kaddr)) return -EINVAL; area = find_vm_area(kaddr); if (!area) return -EINVAL; if (!(area->flags & (VM_USERMAP | VM_DMA_COHERENT))) return -EINVAL; if (check_add_overflow(size, off, &end_index) || end_index > get_vm_area_size(area)) return -EINVAL; kaddr += off; do { struct page *page = vmalloc_to_page(kaddr); int ret; ret = vm_insert_page(vma, uaddr, page); if (ret) return ret; uaddr += PAGE_SIZE; kaddr += PAGE_SIZE; size -= PAGE_SIZE; } while (size > 0); vma->vm_flags |= VM_DONTEXPAND | VM_DONTDUMP; return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(remap_vmalloc_range_partial); /** * remap_vmalloc_range - map vmalloc pages to userspace * @vma: vma to cover (map full range of vma) * @addr: vmalloc memory * @pgoff: number of pages into addr before first page to map * * Returns: 0 for success, -Exxx on failure * * This function checks that addr is a valid vmalloc'ed area, and * that it is big enough to cover the vma. Will return failure if * that criteria isn't met. * * Similar to remap_pfn_range() (see mm/memory.c) */ int remap_vmalloc_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, void *addr, unsigned long pgoff) { return remap_vmalloc_range_partial(vma, vma->vm_start, addr, pgoff, vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(remap_vmalloc_range); void free_vm_area(struct vm_struct *area) { struct vm_struct *ret; ret = remove_vm_area(area->addr); BUG_ON(ret != area); kfree(area); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(free_vm_area); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP static struct vmap_area *node_to_va(struct rb_node *n) { return rb_entry_safe(n, struct vmap_area, rb_node); } /** * pvm_find_va_enclose_addr - find the vmap_area @addr belongs to * @addr: target address * * Returns: vmap_area if it is found. If there is no such area * the first highest(reverse order) vmap_area is returned * i.e. va->va_start < addr && va->va_end < addr or NULL * if there are no any areas before @addr. */ static struct vmap_area * pvm_find_va_enclose_addr(unsigned long addr) { struct vmap_area *va, *tmp; struct rb_node *n; n = free_vmap_area_root.rb_node; va = NULL; while (n) { tmp = rb_entry(n, struct vmap_area, rb_node); if (tmp->va_start <= addr) { va = tmp; if (tmp->va_end >= addr) break; n = n->rb_right; } else { n = n->rb_left; } } return va; } /** * pvm_determine_end_from_reverse - find the highest aligned address * of free block below VMALLOC_END * @va: * in - the VA we start the search(reverse order); * out - the VA with the highest aligned end address. * * Returns: determined end address within vmap_area */ static unsigned long pvm_determine_end_from_reverse(struct vmap_area **va, unsigned long align) { unsigned long vmalloc_end = VMALLOC_END & ~(align - 1); unsigned long addr; if (likely(*va)) { list_for_each_entry_from_reverse((*va), &free_vmap_area_list, list) { addr = min((*va)->va_end & ~(align - 1), vmalloc_end); if ((*va)->va_start < addr) return addr; } } return 0; } /** * pcpu_get_vm_areas - allocate vmalloc areas for percpu allocator * @offsets: array containing offset of each area * @sizes: array containing size of each area * @nr_vms: the number of areas to allocate * @align: alignment, all entries in @offsets and @sizes must be aligned to this * * Returns: kmalloc'd vm_struct pointer array pointing to allocated * vm_structs on success, %NULL on failure * * Percpu allocator wants to use congruent vm areas so that it can * maintain the offsets among percpu areas. This function allocates * congruent vmalloc areas for it with GFP_KERNEL. These areas tend to * be scattered pretty far, distance between two areas easily going up * to gigabytes. To avoid interacting with regular vmallocs, these * areas are allocated from top. * * Despite its complicated look, this allocator is rather simple. It * does everything top-down and scans free blocks from the end looking * for matching base. While scanning, if any of the areas do not fit the * base address is pulled down to fit the area. Scanning is repeated till * all the areas fit and then all necessary data structures are inserted * and the result is returned. */ struct vm_struct **pcpu_get_vm_areas(const unsigned long *offsets, const size_t *sizes, int nr_vms, size_t align) { const unsigned long vmalloc_start = ALIGN(VMALLOC_START, align); const unsigned long vmalloc_end = VMALLOC_END & ~(align - 1); struct vmap_area **vas, *va; struct vm_struct **vms; int area, area2, last_area, term_area; unsigned long base, start, size, end, last_end, orig_start, orig_end; bool purged = false; enum fit_type type; /* verify parameters and allocate data structures */ BUG_ON(offset_in_page(align) || !is_power_of_2(align)); for (last_area = 0, area = 0; area < nr_vms; area++) { start = offsets[area]; end = start + sizes[area]; /* is everything aligned properly? */ BUG_ON(!IS_ALIGNED(offsets[area], align)); BUG_ON(!IS_ALIGNED(sizes[area], align)); /* detect the area with the highest address */ if (start > offsets[last_area]) last_area = area; for (area2 = area + 1; area2 < nr_vms; area2++) { unsigned long start2 = offsets[area2]; unsigned long end2 = start2 + sizes[area2]; BUG_ON(start2 < end && start < end2); } } last_end = offsets[last_area] + sizes[last_area]; if (vmalloc_end - vmalloc_start < last_end) { WARN_ON(true); return NULL; } vms = kcalloc(nr_vms, sizeof(vms[0]), GFP_KERNEL); vas = kcalloc(nr_vms, sizeof(vas[0]), GFP_KERNEL); if (!vas || !vms) goto err_free2; for (area = 0; area < nr_vms; area++) { vas[area] = kmem_cache_zalloc(vmap_area_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); vms[area] = kzalloc(sizeof(struct vm_struct), GFP_KERNEL); if (!vas[area] || !vms[area]) goto err_free; } retry: spin_lock(&free_vmap_area_lock); /* start scanning - we scan from the top, begin with the last area */ area = term_area = last_area; start = offsets[area]; end = start + sizes[area]; va = pvm_find_va_enclose_addr(vmalloc_end); base = pvm_determine_end_from_reverse(&va, align) - end; while (true) { /* * base might have underflowed, add last_end before * comparing. */ if (base + last_end < vmalloc_start + last_end) goto overflow; /* * Fitting base has not been found. */ if (va == NULL) goto overflow; /* * If required width exceeds current VA block, move * base downwards and then recheck. */ if (base + end > va->va_end) { base = pvm_determine_end_from_reverse(&va, align) - end; term_area = area; continue; } /* * If this VA does not fit, move base downwards and recheck. */ if (base + start < va->va_start) { va = node_to_va(rb_prev(&va->rb_node)); base = pvm_determine_end_from_reverse(&va, align) - end; term_area = area; continue; } /* * This area fits, move on to the previous one. If * the previous one is the terminal one, we're done. */ area = (area + nr_vms - 1) % nr_vms; if (area == term_area) break; start = offsets[area]; end = start + sizes[area]; va = pvm_find_va_enclose_addr(base + end); } /* we've found a fitting base, insert all va's */ for (area = 0; area < nr_vms; area++) { int ret; start = base + offsets[area]; size = sizes[area]; va = pvm_find_va_enclose_addr(start); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(va == NULL)) /* It is a BUG(), but trigger recovery instead. */ goto recovery; type = classify_va_fit_type(va, start, size); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(type == NOTHING_FIT)) /* It is a BUG(), but trigger recovery instead. */ goto recovery; ret = adjust_va_to_fit_type(va, start, size, type); if (unlikely(ret)) goto recovery; /* Allocated area. */ va = vas[area]; va->va_start = start; va->va_end = start + size; } spin_unlock(&free_vmap_area_lock); /* populate the kasan shadow space */ for (area = 0; area < nr_vms; area++) { if (kasan_populate_vmalloc(vas[area]->va_start, sizes[area])) goto err_free_shadow; kasan_unpoison_vmalloc((void *)vas[area]->va_start, sizes[area]); } /* insert all vm's */ spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock); for (area = 0; area < nr_vms; area++) { insert_vmap_area(vas[area], &vmap_area_root, &vmap_area_list); setup_vmalloc_vm_locked(vms[area], vas[area], VM_ALLOC, pcpu_get_vm_areas); } spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock); kfree(vas); return vms; recovery: /* * Remove previously allocated areas. There is no * need in removing these areas from the busy tree, * because they are inserted only on the final step * and when pcpu_get_vm_areas() is success. */ while (area--) { orig_start = vas[area]->va_start; orig_end = vas[area]->va_end; va = merge_or_add_vmap_area(vas[area], &free_vmap_area_root, &free_vmap_area_list); if (va) kasan_release_vmalloc(orig_start, orig_end, va->va_start, va->va_end); vas[area] = NULL; } overflow: spin_unlock(&free_vmap_area_lock); if (!purged) { purge_vmap_area_lazy(); purged = true; /* Before "retry", check if we recover. */ for (area = 0; area < nr_vms; area++) { if (vas[area]) continue; vas[area] = kmem_cache_zalloc( vmap_area_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (!vas[area]) goto err_free; } goto retry; } err_free: for (area = 0; area < nr_vms; area++) { if (vas[area]) kmem_cache_free(vmap_area_cachep, vas[area]); kfree(vms[area]); } err_free2: kfree(vas); kfree(vms); return NULL; err_free_shadow: spin_lock(&free_vmap_area_lock); /* * We release all the vmalloc shadows, even the ones for regions that * hadn't been successfully added. This relies on kasan_release_vmalloc * being able to tolerate this case. */ for (area = 0; area < nr_vms; area++) { orig_start = vas[area]->va_start; orig_end = vas[area]->va_end; va = merge_or_add_vmap_area(vas[area], &free_vmap_area_root, &free_vmap_area_list); if (va) kasan_release_vmalloc(orig_start, orig_end, va->va_start, va->va_end); vas[area] = NULL; kfree(vms[area]); } spin_unlock(&free_vmap_area_lock); kfree(vas); kfree(vms); return NULL; } /** * pcpu_free_vm_areas - free vmalloc areas for percpu allocator * @vms: vm_struct pointer array returned by pcpu_get_vm_areas() * @nr_vms: the number of allocated areas * * Free vm_structs and the array allocated by pcpu_get_vm_areas(). */ void pcpu_free_vm_areas(struct vm_struct **vms, int nr_vms) { int i; for (i = 0; i < nr_vms; i++) free_vm_area(vms[i]); kfree(vms); } #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS static void *s_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos) __acquires(&vmap_purge_lock) __acquires(&vmap_area_lock) { mutex_lock(&vmap_purge_lock); spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock); return seq_list_start(&vmap_area_list, *pos); } static void *s_next(struct seq_file *m, void *p, loff_t *pos) { return seq_list_next(p, &vmap_area_list, pos); } static void s_stop(struct seq_file *m, void *p) __releases(&vmap_area_lock) __releases(&vmap_purge_lock) { spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock); mutex_unlock(&vmap_purge_lock); } static void show_numa_info(struct seq_file *m, struct vm_struct *v) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NUMA)) { unsigned int nr, *counters = m->private; if (!counters) return; if (v->flags & VM_UNINITIALIZED) return; /* Pair with smp_wmb() in clear_vm_uninitialized_flag() */ smp_rmb(); memset(counters, 0, nr_node_ids * sizeof(unsigned int)); for (nr = 0; nr < v->nr_pages; nr++) counters[page_to_nid(v->pages[nr])]++; for_each_node_state(nr, N_HIGH_MEMORY) if (counters[nr]) seq_printf(m, " N%u=%u", nr, counters[nr]); } } static void show_purge_info(struct seq_file *m) { struct llist_node *head; struct vmap_area *va; head = READ_ONCE(vmap_purge_list.first); if (head == NULL) return; llist_for_each_entry(va, head, purge_list) { seq_printf(m, "0x%pK-0x%pK %7ld unpurged vm_area\n", (void *)va->va_start, (void *)va->va_end, va->va_end - va->va_start); } } static int s_show(struct seq_file *m, void *p) { struct vmap_area *va; struct vm_struct *v; va = list_entry(p, struct vmap_area, list); /* * s_show can encounter race with remove_vm_area, !vm on behalf * of vmap area is being tear down or vm_map_ram allocation. */ if (!va->vm) { seq_printf(m, "0x%pK-0x%pK %7ld vm_map_ram\n", (void *)va->va_start, (void *)va->va_end, va->va_end - va->va_start); return 0; } v = va->vm; seq_printf(m, "0x%pK-0x%pK %7ld", v->addr, v->addr + v->size, v->size); if (v->caller) seq_printf(m, " %pS", v->caller); if (v->nr_pages) seq_printf(m, " pages=%d", v->nr_pages); if (v->phys_addr) seq_printf(m, " phys=%pa", &v->phys_addr); if (v->flags & VM_IOREMAP) seq_puts(m, " ioremap"); if (v->flags & VM_ALLOC) seq_puts(m, " vmalloc"); if (v->flags & VM_MAP) seq_puts(m, " vmap"); if (v->flags & VM_USERMAP) seq_puts(m, " user"); if (v->flags & VM_DMA_COHERENT) seq_puts(m, " dma-coherent"); if (is_vmalloc_addr(v->pages)) seq_puts(m, " vpages"); show_numa_info(m, v); seq_putc(m, '\n'); /* * As a final step, dump "unpurged" areas. Note, * that entire "/proc/vmallocinfo" output will not * be address sorted, because the purge list is not * sorted. */ if (list_is_last(&va->list, &vmap_area_list)) show_purge_info(m); return 0; } static const struct seq_operations vmalloc_op = { .start = s_start, .next = s_next, .stop = s_stop, .show = s_show, }; static int __init proc_vmalloc_init(void) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NUMA)) proc_create_seq_private("vmallocinfo", 0400, NULL, &vmalloc_op, nr_node_ids * sizeof(unsigned int), NULL); else proc_create_seq("vmallocinfo", 0400, NULL, &vmalloc_op); return 0; } module_init(proc_vmalloc_init); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef INT_BLK_MQ_TAG_H #define INT_BLK_MQ_TAG_H /* * Tag address space map. */ struct blk_mq_tags { unsigned int nr_tags; unsigned int nr_reserved_tags; atomic_t active_queues; struct sbitmap_queue *bitmap_tags; struct sbitmap_queue *breserved_tags; struct sbitmap_queue __bitmap_tags; struct sbitmap_queue __breserved_tags; struct request **rqs; struct request **static_rqs; struct list_head page_list; /* * used to clear request reference in rqs[] before freeing one * request pool */ spinlock_t lock; }; extern struct blk_mq_tags *blk_mq_init_tags(unsigned int nr_tags, unsigned int reserved_tags, int node, unsigned int flags); extern void blk_mq_free_tags(struct blk_mq_tags *tags, unsigned int flags); extern int blk_mq_init_shared_sbitmap(struct blk_mq_tag_set *set, unsigned int flags); extern void blk_mq_exit_shared_sbitmap(struct blk_mq_tag_set *set); extern unsigned int blk_mq_get_tag(struct blk_mq_alloc_data *data); extern void blk_mq_put_tag(struct blk_mq_tags *tags, struct blk_mq_ctx *ctx, unsigned int tag); extern int blk_mq_tag_update_depth(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct blk_mq_tags **tags, unsigned int depth, bool can_grow); extern void blk_mq_tag_resize_shared_sbitmap(struct blk_mq_tag_set *set, unsigned int size); extern void blk_mq_tag_wakeup_all(struct blk_mq_tags *tags, bool); void blk_mq_queue_tag_busy_iter(struct request_queue *q, busy_iter_fn *fn, void *priv); void blk_mq_all_tag_iter(struct blk_mq_tags *tags, busy_tag_iter_fn *fn, void *priv); static inline struct sbq_wait_state *bt_wait_ptr(struct sbitmap_queue *bt, struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx) { if (!hctx) return &bt->ws[0]; return sbq_wait_ptr(bt, &hctx->wait_index); } enum { BLK_MQ_NO_TAG = -1U, BLK_MQ_TAG_MIN = 1, BLK_MQ_TAG_MAX = BLK_MQ_NO_TAG - 1, }; extern bool __blk_mq_tag_busy(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *); extern void __blk_mq_tag_idle(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *); static inline bool blk_mq_tag_busy(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx) { if (!(hctx->flags & BLK_MQ_F_TAG_QUEUE_SHARED)) return false; return __blk_mq_tag_busy(hctx); } static inline void blk_mq_tag_idle(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx) { if (!(hctx->flags & BLK_MQ_F_TAG_QUEUE_SHARED)) return; __blk_mq_tag_idle(hctx); } static inline bool blk_mq_tag_is_reserved(struct blk_mq_tags *tags, unsigned int tag) { return tag < tags->nr_reserved_tags; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * sysfs.h - definitions for the device driver filesystem * * Copyright (c) 2001,2002 Patrick Mochel * Copyright (c) 2004 Silicon Graphics, Inc. * Copyright (c) 2007 SUSE Linux Products GmbH * Copyright (c) 2007 Tejun Heo <teheo@suse.de> * * Please see Documentation/filesystems/sysfs.rst for more information. */ #ifndef _SYSFS_H_ #define _SYSFS_H_ #include <linux/kernfs.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <linux/kobject_ns.h> #include <linux/stat.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> struct kobject; struct module; struct bin_attribute; enum kobj_ns_type; struct attribute { const char *name; umode_t mode; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC bool ignore_lockdep:1; struct lock_class_key *key; struct lock_class_key skey; #endif }; /** * sysfs_attr_init - initialize a dynamically allocated sysfs attribute * @attr: struct attribute to initialize * * Initialize a dynamically allocated struct attribute so we can * make lockdep happy. This is a new requirement for attributes * and initially this is only needed when lockdep is enabled. * Lockdep gives a nice error when your attribute is added to * sysfs if you don't have this. */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC #define sysfs_attr_init(attr) \ do { \ static struct lock_class_key __key; \ \ (attr)->key = &__key; \ } while (0) #else #define sysfs_attr_init(attr) do {} while (0) #endif /** * struct attribute_group - data structure used to declare an attribute group. * @name: Optional: Attribute group name * If specified, the attribute group will be created in * a new subdirectory with this name. * @is_visible: Optional: Function to return permissions associated with an * attribute of the group. Will be called repeatedly for each * non-binary attribute in the group. Only read/write * permissions as well as SYSFS_PREALLOC are accepted. Must * return 0 if an attribute is not visible. The returned value * will replace static permissions defined in struct attribute. * @is_bin_visible: * Optional: Function to return permissions associated with a * binary attribute of the group. Will be called repeatedly * for each binary attribute in the group. Only read/write * permissions as well as SYSFS_PREALLOC are accepted. Must * return 0 if a binary attribute is not visible. The returned * value will replace static permissions defined in * struct bin_attribute. * @attrs: Pointer to NULL terminated list of attributes. * @bin_attrs: Pointer to NULL terminated list of binary attributes. * Either attrs or bin_attrs or both must be provided. */ struct attribute_group { const char *name; umode_t (*is_visible)(struct kobject *, struct attribute *, int); umode_t (*is_bin_visible)(struct kobject *, struct bin_attribute *, int); struct attribute **attrs; struct bin_attribute **bin_attrs; }; /* * Use these macros to make defining attributes easier. * See include/linux/device.h for examples.. */ #define SYSFS_PREALLOC 010000 #define __ATTR(_name, _mode, _show, _store) { \ .attr = {.name = __stringify(_name), \ .mode = VERIFY_OCTAL_PERMISSIONS(_mode) }, \ .show = _show, \ .store = _store, \ } #define __ATTR_PREALLOC(_name, _mode, _show, _store) { \ .attr = {.name = __stringify(_name), \ .mode = SYSFS_PREALLOC | VERIFY_OCTAL_PERMISSIONS(_mode) },\ .show = _show, \ .store = _store, \ } #define __ATTR_RO(_name) { \ .attr = { .name = __stringify(_name), .mode = 0444 }, \ .show = _name##_show, \ } #define __ATTR_RO_MODE(_name, _mode) { \ .attr = { .name = __stringify(_name), \ .mode = VERIFY_OCTAL_PERMISSIONS(_mode) }, \ .show = _name##_show, \ } #define __ATTR_RW_MODE(_name, _mode) { \ .attr = { .name = __stringify(_name), \ .mode = VERIFY_OCTAL_PERMISSIONS(_mode) }, \ .show = _name##_show, \ .store = _name##_store, \ } #define __ATTR_WO(_name) { \ .attr = { .name = __stringify(_name), .mode = 0200 }, \ .store = _name##_store, \ } #define __ATTR_RW(_name) __ATTR(_name, 0644, _name##_show, _name##_store) #define __ATTR_NULL { .attr = { .name = NULL } } #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC #define __ATTR_IGNORE_LOCKDEP(_name, _mode, _show, _store) { \ .attr = {.name = __stringify(_name), .mode = _mode, \ .ignore_lockdep = true }, \ .show = _show, \ .store = _store, \ } #else #define __ATTR_IGNORE_LOCKDEP __ATTR #endif #define __ATTRIBUTE_GROUPS(_name) \ static const struct attribute_group *_name##_groups[] = { \ &_name##_group, \ NULL, \ } #define ATTRIBUTE_GROUPS(_name) \ static const struct attribute_group _name##_group = { \ .attrs = _name##_attrs, \ }; \ __ATTRIBUTE_GROUPS(_name) struct file; struct vm_area_struct; struct bin_attribute { struct attribute attr; size_t size; void *private; ssize_t (*read)(struct file *, struct kobject *, struct bin_attribute *, char *, loff_t, size_t); ssize_t (*write)(struct file *, struct kobject *, struct bin_attribute *, char *, loff_t, size_t); int (*mmap)(struct file *, struct kobject *, struct bin_attribute *attr, struct vm_area_struct *vma); }; /** * sysfs_bin_attr_init - initialize a dynamically allocated bin_attribute * @attr: struct bin_attribute to initialize * * Initialize a dynamically allocated struct bin_attribute so we * can make lockdep happy. This is a new requirement for * attributes and initially this is only needed when lockdep is * enabled. Lockdep gives a nice error when your attribute is * added to sysfs if you don't have this. */ #define sysfs_bin_attr_init(bin_attr) sysfs_attr_init(&(bin_attr)->attr) /* macros to create static binary attributes easier */ #define __BIN_ATTR(_name, _mode, _read, _write, _size) { \ .attr = { .name = __stringify(_name), .mode = _mode }, \ .read = _read, \ .write = _write, \ .size = _size, \ } #define __BIN_ATTR_RO(_name, _size) { \ .attr = { .name = __stringify(_name), .mode = 0444 }, \ .read = _name##_read, \ .size = _size, \ } #define __BIN_ATTR_WO(_name, _size) { \ .attr = { .name = __stringify(_name), .mode = 0200 }, \ .write = _name##_write, \ .size = _size, \ } #define __BIN_ATTR_RW(_name, _size) \ __BIN_ATTR(_name, 0644, _name##_read, _name##_write, _size) #define __BIN_ATTR_NULL __ATTR_NULL #define BIN_ATTR(_name, _mode, _read, _write, _size) \ struct bin_attribute bin_attr_##_name = __BIN_ATTR(_name, _mode, _read, \ _write, _size) #define BIN_ATTR_RO(_name, _size) \ struct bin_attribute bin_attr_##_name = __BIN_ATTR_RO(_name, _size) #define BIN_ATTR_WO(_name, _size) \ struct bin_attribute bin_attr_##_name = __BIN_ATTR_WO(_name, _size) #define BIN_ATTR_RW(_name, _size) \ struct bin_attribute bin_attr_##_name = __BIN_ATTR_RW(_name, _size) struct sysfs_ops { ssize_t (*show)(struct kobject *, struct attribute *, char *); ssize_t (*store)(struct kobject *, struct attribute *, const char *, size_t); }; #ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS int __must_check sysfs_create_dir_ns(struct kobject *kobj, const void *ns); void sysfs_remove_dir(struct kobject *kobj); int __must_check sysfs_rename_dir_ns(struct kobject *kobj, const char *new_name, const void *new_ns); int __must_check sysfs_move_dir_ns(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobject *new_parent_kobj, const void *new_ns); int __must_check sysfs_create_mount_point(struct kobject *parent_kobj, const char *name); void sysfs_remove_mount_point(struct kobject *parent_kobj, const char *name); int __must_check sysfs_create_file_ns(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute *attr, const void *ns); int __must_check sysfs_create_files(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute * const *attr); int __must_check sysfs_chmod_file(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute *attr, umode_t mode); struct kernfs_node *sysfs_break_active_protection(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute *attr); void sysfs_unbreak_active_protection(struct kernfs_node *kn); void sysfs_remove_file_ns(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute *attr, const void *ns); bool sysfs_remove_file_self(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute *attr); void sysfs_remove_files(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute * const *attr); int __must_check sysfs_create_bin_file(struct kobject *kobj, const struct bin_attribute *attr); void sysfs_remove_bin_file(struct kobject *kobj, const struct bin_attribute *attr); int __must_check sysfs_create_link(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobject *target, const char *name); int __must_check sysfs_create_link_nowarn(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobject *target, const char *name); void sysfs_remove_link(struct kobject *kobj, const char *name); int sysfs_rename_link_ns(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobject *target, const char *old_name, const char *new_name, const void *new_ns); void sysfs_delete_link(struct kobject *dir, struct kobject *targ, const char *name); int __must_check sysfs_create_group(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute_group *grp); int __must_check sysfs_create_groups(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute_group **groups); int __must_check sysfs_update_groups(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute_group **groups); int sysfs_update_group(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute_group *grp); void sysfs_remove_group(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute_group *grp); void sysfs_remove_groups(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute_group **groups); int sysfs_add_file_to_group(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute *attr, const char *group); void sysfs_remove_file_from_group(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute *attr, const char *group); int sysfs_merge_group(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute_group *grp); void sysfs_unmerge_group(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute_group *grp); int sysfs_add_link_to_group(struct kobject *kobj, const char *group_name, struct kobject *target, const char *link_name); void sysfs_remove_link_from_group(struct kobject *kobj, const char *group_name, const char *link_name); int compat_only_sysfs_link_entry_to_kobj(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobject *target_kobj, const char *target_name, const char *symlink_name); void sysfs_notify(struct kobject *kobj, const char *dir, const char *attr); int __must_check sysfs_init(void); static inline void sysfs_enable_ns(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return kernfs_enable_ns(kn); } int sysfs_file_change_owner(struct kobject *kobj, const char *name, kuid_t kuid, kgid_t kgid); int sysfs_change_owner(struct kobject *kobj, kuid_t kuid, kgid_t kgid); int sysfs_link_change_owner(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobject *targ, const char *name, kuid_t kuid, kgid_t kgid); int sysfs_groups_change_owner(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute_group **groups, kuid_t kuid, kgid_t kgid); int sysfs_group_change_owner(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute_group *groups, kuid_t kuid, kgid_t kgid); __printf(2, 3) int sysfs_emit(char *buf, const char *fmt, ...); __printf(3, 4) int sysfs_emit_at(char *buf, int at, const char *fmt, ...); #else /* CONFIG_SYSFS */ static inline int sysfs_create_dir_ns(struct kobject *kobj, const void *ns) { return 0; } static inline void sysfs_remove_dir(struct kobject *kobj) { } static inline int sysfs_rename_dir_ns(struct kobject *kobj, const char *new_name, const void *new_ns) { return 0; } static inline int sysfs_move_dir_ns(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobject *new_parent_kobj, const void *new_ns) { return 0; } static inline int sysfs_create_mount_point(struct kobject *parent_kobj, const char *name) { return 0; } static inline void sysfs_remove_mount_point(struct kobject *parent_kobj, const char *name) { } static inline int sysfs_create_file_ns(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute *attr, const void *ns) { return 0; } static inline int sysfs_create_files(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute * const *attr) { return 0; } static inline int sysfs_chmod_file(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute *attr, umode_t mode) { return 0; } static inline struct kernfs_node * sysfs_break_active_protection(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute *attr) { return NULL; } static inline void sysfs_unbreak_active_protection(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline void sysfs_remove_file_ns(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute *attr, const void *ns) { } static inline bool sysfs_remove_file_self(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute *attr) { return false; } static inline void sysfs_remove_files(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute * const *attr) { } static inline int sysfs_create_bin_file(struct kobject *kobj, const struct bin_attribute *attr) { return 0; } static inline void sysfs_remove_bin_file(struct kobject *kobj, const struct bin_attribute *attr) { } static inline int sysfs_create_link(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobject *target, const char *name) { return 0; } static inline int sysfs_create_link_nowarn(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobject *target, const char *name) { return 0; } static inline void sysfs_remove_link(struct kobject *kobj, const char *name) { } static inline int sysfs_rename_link_ns(struct kobject *k, struct kobject *t, const char *old_name, const char *new_name, const void *ns) { return 0; } static inline void sysfs_delete_link(struct kobject *k, struct kobject *t, const char *name) { } static inline int sysfs_create_group(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute_group *grp) { return 0; } static inline int sysfs_create_groups(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute_group **groups) { return 0; } static inline int sysfs_update_groups(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute_group **groups) { return 0; } static inline int sysfs_update_group(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute_group *grp) { return 0; } static inline void sysfs_remove_group(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute_group *grp) { } static inline void sysfs_remove_groups(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute_group **groups) { } static inline int sysfs_add_file_to_group(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute *attr, const char *group) { return 0; } static inline void sysfs_remove_file_from_group(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute *attr, const char *group) { } static inline int sysfs_merge_group(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute_group *grp) { return 0; } static inline void sysfs_unmerge_group(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute_group *grp) { } static inline int sysfs_add_link_to_group(struct kobject *kobj, const char *group_name, struct kobject *target, const char *link_name) { return 0; } static inline void sysfs_remove_link_from_group(struct kobject *kobj, const char *group_name, const char *link_name) { } static inline int compat_only_sysfs_link_entry_to_kobj(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobject *target_kobj, const char *target_name, const char *symlink_name) { return 0; } static inline void sysfs_notify(struct kobject *kobj, const char *dir, const char *attr) { } static inline int __must_check sysfs_init(void) { return 0; } static inline void sysfs_enable_ns(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline int sysfs_file_change_owner(struct kobject *kobj, const char *name, kuid_t kuid, kgid_t kgid) { return 0; } static inline int sysfs_link_change_owner(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobject *targ, const char *name, kuid_t kuid, kgid_t kgid) { return 0; } static inline int sysfs_change_owner(struct kobject *kobj, kuid_t kuid, kgid_t kgid) { return 0; } static inline int sysfs_groups_change_owner(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute_group **groups, kuid_t kuid, kgid_t kgid) { return 0; } static inline int sysfs_group_change_owner(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute_group *groups, kuid_t kuid, kgid_t kgid) { return 0; } __printf(2, 3) static inline int sysfs_emit(char *buf, const char *fmt, ...) { return 0; } __printf(3, 4) static inline int sysfs_emit_at(char *buf, int at, const char *fmt, ...) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_SYSFS */ static inline int __must_check sysfs_create_file(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute *attr) { return sysfs_create_file_ns(kobj, attr, NULL); } static inline void sysfs_remove_file(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute *attr) { sysfs_remove_file_ns(kobj, attr, NULL); } static inline int sysfs_rename_link(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobject *target, const char *old_name, const char *new_name) { return sysfs_rename_link_ns(kobj, target, old_name, new_name, NULL); } static inline void sysfs_notify_dirent(struct kernfs_node *kn) { kernfs_notify(kn); } static inline struct kernfs_node *sysfs_get_dirent(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name) { return kernfs_find_and_get(parent, name); } static inline struct kernfs_node *sysfs_get(struct kernfs_node *kn) { kernfs_get(kn); return kn; } static inline void sysfs_put(struct kernfs_node *kn) { kernfs_put(kn); } #endif /* _SYSFS_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * Helper routines for building identity mapping page tables. This is * included by both the compressed kernel and the regular kernel. */ static void ident_pmd_init(struct x86_mapping_info *info, pmd_t *pmd_page, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { addr &= PMD_MASK; for (; addr < end; addr += PMD_SIZE) { pmd_t *pmd = pmd_page + pmd_index(addr); if (pmd_present(*pmd)) continue; set_pmd(pmd, __pmd((addr - info->offset) | info->page_flag)); } } static int ident_pud_init(struct x86_mapping_info *info, pud_t *pud_page, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { unsigned long next; for (; addr < end; addr = next) { pud_t *pud = pud_page + pud_index(addr); pmd_t *pmd; next = (addr & PUD_MASK) + PUD_SIZE; if (next > end) next = end; if (info->direct_gbpages) { pud_t pudval; if (pud_present(*pud)) continue; addr &= PUD_MASK; pudval = __pud((addr - info->offset) | info->page_flag); set_pud(pud, pudval); continue; } if (pud_present(*pud)) { pmd = pmd_offset(pud, 0); ident_pmd_init(info, pmd, addr, next); continue; } pmd = (pmd_t *)info->alloc_pgt_page(info->context); if (!pmd) return -ENOMEM; ident_pmd_init(info, pmd, addr, next); set_pud(pud, __pud(__pa(pmd) | info->kernpg_flag)); } return 0; } static int ident_p4d_init(struct x86_mapping_info *info, p4d_t *p4d_page, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { unsigned long next; int result; for (; addr < end; addr = next) { p4d_t *p4d = p4d_page + p4d_index(addr); pud_t *pud; next = (addr & P4D_MASK) + P4D_SIZE; if (next > end) next = end; if (p4d_present(*p4d)) { pud = pud_offset(p4d, 0); result = ident_pud_init(info, pud, addr, next); if (result) return result; continue; } pud = (pud_t *)info->alloc_pgt_page(info->context); if (!pud) return -ENOMEM; result = ident_pud_init(info, pud, addr, next); if (result) return result; set_p4d(p4d, __p4d(__pa(pud) | info->kernpg_flag)); } return 0; } int kernel_ident_mapping_init(struct x86_mapping_info *info, pgd_t *pgd_page, unsigned long pstart, unsigned long pend) { unsigned long addr = pstart + info->offset; unsigned long end = pend + info->offset; unsigned long next; int result; /* Set the default pagetable flags if not supplied */ if (!info->kernpg_flag) info->kernpg_flag = _KERNPG_TABLE; /* Filter out unsupported __PAGE_KERNEL_* bits: */ info->kernpg_flag &= __default_kernel_pte_mask; for (; addr < end; addr = next) { pgd_t *pgd = pgd_page + pgd_index(addr); p4d_t *p4d; next = (addr & PGDIR_MASK) + PGDIR_SIZE; if (next > end) next = end; if (pgd_present(*pgd)) { p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, 0); result = ident_p4d_init(info, p4d, addr, next); if (result) return result; continue; } p4d = (p4d_t *)info->alloc_pgt_page(info->context); if (!p4d) return -ENOMEM; result = ident_p4d_init(info, p4d, addr, next); if (result) return result; if (pgtable_l5_enabled()) { set_pgd(pgd, __pgd(__pa(p4d) | info->kernpg_flag)); } else { /* * With p4d folded, pgd is equal to p4d. * The pgd entry has to point to the pud page table in this case. */ pud_t *pud = pud_offset(p4d, 0); set_pgd(pgd, __pgd(__pa(pud) | info->kernpg_flag)); } } return 0; }
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * SUCS NET3: * * Generic datagram handling routines. These are generic for all * protocols. Possibly a generic IP version on top of these would * make sense. Not tonight however 8-). * This is used because UDP, RAW, PACKET, DDP, IPX, AX.25 and * NetROM layer all have identical poll code and mostly * identical recvmsg() code. So we share it here. The poll was * shared before but buried in udp.c so I moved it. * * Authors: Alan Cox <alan@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk>. (datagram_poll() from old * udp.c code) * * Fixes: * Alan Cox : NULL return from skb_peek_copy() * understood * Alan Cox : Rewrote skb_read_datagram to avoid the * skb_peek_copy stuff. * Alan Cox : Added support for SOCK_SEQPACKET. * IPX can no longer use the SO_TYPE hack * but AX.25 now works right, and SPX is * feasible. * Alan Cox : Fixed write poll of non IP protocol * crash. * Florian La Roche: Changed for my new skbuff handling. * Darryl Miles : Fixed non-blocking SOCK_SEQPACKET. * Linus Torvalds : BSD semantic fixes. * Alan Cox : Datagram iovec handling * Darryl Miles : Fixed non-blocking SOCK_STREAM. * Alan Cox : POSIXisms * Pete Wyckoff : Unconnected accept() fix. * */ #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/inet.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/rtnetlink.h> #include <linux/poll.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/uio.h> #include <linux/indirect_call_wrapper.h> #include <net/protocol.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <net/checksum.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <net/tcp_states.h> #include <trace/events/skb.h> #include <net/busy_poll.h> #include "datagram.h" /* * Is a socket 'connection oriented' ? */ static inline int connection_based(struct sock *sk) { return sk->sk_type == SOCK_SEQPACKET || sk->sk_type == SOCK_STREAM; } static int receiver_wake_function(wait_queue_entry_t *wait, unsigned int mode, int sync, void *key) { /* * Avoid a wakeup if event not interesting for us */ if (key && !(key_to_poll(key) & (EPOLLIN | EPOLLERR))) return 0; return autoremove_wake_function(wait, mode, sync, key); } /* * Wait for the last received packet to be different from skb */ int __skb_wait_for_more_packets(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff_head *queue, int *err, long *timeo_p, const struct sk_buff *skb) { int error; DEFINE_WAIT_FUNC(wait, receiver_wake_function); prepare_to_wait_exclusive(sk_sleep(sk), &wait, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE); /* Socket errors? */ error = sock_error(sk); if (error) goto out_err; if (READ_ONCE(queue->prev) != skb) goto out; /* Socket shut down? */ if (sk->sk_shutdown & RCV_SHUTDOWN) goto out_noerr; /* Sequenced packets can come disconnected. * If so we report the problem */ error = -ENOTCONN; if (connection_based(sk) && !(sk->sk_state == TCP_ESTABLISHED || sk->sk_state == TCP_LISTEN)) goto out_err; /* handle signals */ if (signal_pending(current)) goto interrupted; error = 0; *timeo_p = schedule_timeout(*timeo_p); out: finish_wait(sk_sleep(sk), &wait); return error; interrupted: error = sock_intr_errno(*timeo_p); out_err: *err = error; goto out; out_noerr: *err = 0; error = 1; goto out; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__skb_wait_for_more_packets); static struct sk_buff *skb_set_peeked(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct sk_buff *nskb; if (skb->peeked) return skb; /* We have to unshare an skb before modifying it. */ if (!skb_shared(skb)) goto done; nskb = skb_clone(skb, GFP_ATOMIC); if (!nskb) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); skb->prev->next = nskb; skb->next->prev = nskb; nskb->prev = skb->prev; nskb->next = skb->next; consume_skb(skb); skb = nskb; done: skb->peeked = 1; return skb; } struct sk_buff *__skb_try_recv_from_queue(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff_head *queue, unsigned int flags, int *off, int *err, struct sk_buff **last) { bool peek_at_off = false; struct sk_buff *skb; int _off = 0; if (unlikely(flags & MSG_PEEK && *off >= 0)) { peek_at_off = true; _off = *off; } *last = queue->prev; skb_queue_walk(queue, skb) { if (flags & MSG_PEEK) { if (peek_at_off && _off >= skb->len && (_off || skb->peeked)) { _off -= skb->len; continue; } if (!skb->len) { skb = skb_set_peeked(skb); if (IS_ERR(skb)) { *err = PTR_ERR(skb); return NULL; } } refcount_inc(&skb->users); } else { __skb_unlink(skb, queue); } *off = _off; return skb; } return NULL; } /** * __skb_try_recv_datagram - Receive a datagram skbuff * @sk: socket * @queue: socket queue from which to receive * @flags: MSG\_ flags * @off: an offset in bytes to peek skb from. Returns an offset * within an skb where data actually starts * @err: error code returned * @last: set to last peeked message to inform the wait function * what to look for when peeking * * Get a datagram skbuff, understands the peeking, nonblocking wakeups * and possible races. This replaces identical code in packet, raw and * udp, as well as the IPX AX.25 and Appletalk. It also finally fixes * the long standing peek and read race for datagram sockets. If you * alter this routine remember it must be re-entrant. * * This function will lock the socket if a skb is returned, so * the caller needs to unlock the socket in that case (usually by * calling skb_free_datagram). Returns NULL with @err set to * -EAGAIN if no data was available or to some other value if an * error was detected. * * * It does not lock socket since today. This function is * * free of race conditions. This measure should/can improve * * significantly datagram socket latencies at high loads, * * when data copying to user space takes lots of time. * * (BTW I've just killed the last cli() in IP/IPv6/core/netlink/packet * * 8) Great win.) * * --ANK (980729) * * The order of the tests when we find no data waiting are specified * quite explicitly by POSIX 1003.1g, don't change them without having * the standard around please. */ struct sk_buff *__skb_try_recv_datagram(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff_head *queue, unsigned int flags, int *off, int *err, struct sk_buff **last) { struct sk_buff *skb; unsigned long cpu_flags; /* * Caller is allowed not to check sk->sk_err before skb_recv_datagram() */ int error = sock_error(sk); if (error) goto no_packet; do { /* Again only user level code calls this function, so nothing * interrupt level will suddenly eat the receive_queue. * * Look at current nfs client by the way... * However, this function was correct in any case. 8) */ spin_lock_irqsave(&queue->lock, cpu_flags); skb = __skb_try_recv_from_queue(sk, queue, flags, off, &error, last); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&queue->lock, cpu_flags); if (error) goto no_packet; if (skb) return skb; if (!sk_can_busy_loop(sk)) break; sk_busy_loop(sk, flags & MSG_DONTWAIT); } while (READ_ONCE(queue->prev) != *last); error = -EAGAIN; no_packet: *err = error; return NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__skb_try_recv_datagram); struct sk_buff *__skb_recv_datagram(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff_head *sk_queue, unsigned int flags, int *off, int *err) { struct sk_buff *skb, *last; long timeo; timeo = sock_rcvtimeo(sk, flags & MSG_DONTWAIT); do { skb = __skb_try_recv_datagram(sk, sk_queue, flags, off, err, &last); if (skb) return skb; if (*err != -EAGAIN) break; } while (timeo && !__skb_wait_for_more_packets(sk, sk_queue, err, &timeo, last)); return NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__skb_recv_datagram); struct sk_buff *skb_recv_datagram(struct sock *sk, unsigned int flags, int noblock, int *err) { int off = 0; return __skb_recv_datagram(sk, &sk->sk_receive_queue, flags | (noblock ? MSG_DONTWAIT : 0), &off, err); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(skb_recv_datagram); void skb_free_datagram(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { consume_skb(skb); sk_mem_reclaim_partial(sk); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(skb_free_datagram); void __skb_free_datagram_locked(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int len) { bool slow; if (!skb_unref(skb)) { sk_peek_offset_bwd(sk, len); return; } slow = lock_sock_fast(sk); sk_peek_offset_bwd(sk, len); skb_orphan(skb); sk_mem_reclaim_partial(sk); unlock_sock_fast(sk, slow); /* skb is now orphaned, can be freed outside of locked section */ __kfree_skb(skb); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__skb_free_datagram_locked); int __sk_queue_drop_skb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff_head *sk_queue, struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int flags, void (*destructor)(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb)) { int err = 0; if (flags & MSG_PEEK) { err = -ENOENT; spin_lock_bh(&sk_queue->lock); if (skb->next) { __skb_unlink(skb, sk_queue); refcount_dec(&skb->users); if (destructor) destructor(sk, skb); err = 0; } spin_unlock_bh(&sk_queue->lock); } atomic_inc(&sk->sk_drops); return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__sk_queue_drop_skb); /** * skb_kill_datagram - Free a datagram skbuff forcibly * @sk: socket * @skb: datagram skbuff * @flags: MSG\_ flags * * This function frees a datagram skbuff that was received by * skb_recv_datagram. The flags argument must match the one * used for skb_recv_datagram. * * If the MSG_PEEK flag is set, and the packet is still on the * receive queue of the socket, it will be taken off the queue * before it is freed. * * This function currently only disables BH when acquiring the * sk_receive_queue lock. Therefore it must not be used in a * context where that lock is acquired in an IRQ context. * * It returns 0 if the packet was removed by us. */ int skb_kill_datagram(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int flags) { int err = __sk_queue_drop_skb(sk, &sk->sk_receive_queue, skb, flags, NULL); kfree_skb(skb); sk_mem_reclaim_partial(sk); return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(skb_kill_datagram); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(static size_t simple_copy_to_iter(const void *addr, size_t bytes, void *data __always_unused, struct iov_iter *i)); static int __skb_datagram_iter(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, struct iov_iter *to, int len, bool fault_short, size_t (*cb)(const void *, size_t, void *, struct iov_iter *), void *data) { int start = skb_headlen(skb); int i, copy = start - offset, start_off = offset, n; struct sk_buff *frag_iter; /* Copy header. */ if (copy > 0) { if (copy > len) copy = len; n = INDIRECT_CALL_1(cb, simple_copy_to_iter, skb->data + offset, copy, data, to); offset += n; if (n != copy) goto short_copy; if ((len -= copy) == 0) return 0; } /* Copy paged appendix. Hmm... why does this look so complicated? */ for (i = 0; i < skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags; i++) { int end; const skb_frag_t *frag = &skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[i]; WARN_ON(start > offset + len); end = start + skb_frag_size(frag); if ((copy = end - offset) > 0) { struct page *page = skb_frag_page(frag); u8 *vaddr = kmap(page); if (copy > len) copy = len; n = INDIRECT_CALL_1(cb, simple_copy_to_iter, vaddr + skb_frag_off(frag) + offset - start, copy, data, to); kunmap(page); offset += n; if (n != copy) goto short_copy; if (!(len -= copy)) return 0; } start = end; } skb_walk_frags(skb, frag_iter) { int end; WARN_ON(start > offset + len); end = start + frag_iter->len; if ((copy = end - offset) > 0) { if (copy > len) copy = len; if (__skb_datagram_iter(frag_iter, offset - start, to, copy, fault_short, cb, data)) goto fault; if ((len -= copy) == 0) return 0; offset += copy; } start = end; } if (!len) return 0; /* This is not really a user copy fault, but rather someone * gave us a bogus length on the skb. We should probably * print a warning here as it may indicate a kernel bug. */ fault: iov_iter_revert(to, offset - start_off); return -EFAULT; short_copy: if (fault_short || iov_iter_count(to)) goto fault; return 0; } /** * skb_copy_and_hash_datagram_iter - Copy datagram to an iovec iterator * and update a hash. * @skb: buffer to copy * @offset: offset in the buffer to start copying from * @to: iovec iterator to copy to * @len: amount of data to copy from buffer to iovec * @hash: hash request to update */ int skb_copy_and_hash_datagram_iter(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, struct iov_iter *to, int len, struct ahash_request *hash) { return __skb_datagram_iter(skb, offset, to, len, true, hash_and_copy_to_iter, hash); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(skb_copy_and_hash_datagram_iter); static size_t simple_copy_to_iter(const void *addr, size_t bytes, void *data __always_unused, struct iov_iter *i) { return copy_to_iter(addr, bytes, i); } /** * skb_copy_datagram_iter - Copy a datagram to an iovec iterator. * @skb: buffer to copy * @offset: offset in the buffer to start copying from * @to: iovec iterator to copy to * @len: amount of data to copy from buffer to iovec */ int skb_copy_datagram_iter(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, struct iov_iter *to, int len) { trace_skb_copy_datagram_iovec(skb, len); return __skb_datagram_iter(skb, offset, to, len, false, simple_copy_to_iter, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(skb_copy_datagram_iter); /** * skb_copy_datagram_from_iter - Copy a datagram from an iov_iter. * @skb: buffer to copy * @offset: offset in the buffer to start copying to * @from: the copy source * @len: amount of data to copy to buffer from iovec * * Returns 0 or -EFAULT. */ int skb_copy_datagram_from_iter(struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, struct iov_iter *from, int len) { int start = skb_headlen(skb); int i, copy = start - offset; struct sk_buff *frag_iter; /* Copy header. */ if (copy > 0) { if (copy > len) copy = len; if (copy_from_iter(skb->data + offset, copy, from) != copy) goto fault; if ((len -= copy) == 0) return 0; offset += copy; } /* Copy paged appendix. Hmm... why does this look so complicated? */ for (i = 0; i < skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags; i++) { int end; const skb_frag_t *frag = &skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[i]; WARN_ON(start > offset + len); end = start + skb_frag_size(frag); if ((copy = end - offset) > 0) { size_t copied; if (copy > len) copy = len; copied = copy_page_from_iter(skb_frag_page(frag), skb_frag_off(frag) + offset - start, copy, from); if (copied != copy) goto fault; if (!(len -= copy)) return 0; offset += copy; } start = end; } skb_walk_frags(skb, frag_iter) { int end; WARN_ON(start > offset + len); end = start + frag_iter->len; if ((copy = end - offset) > 0) { if (copy > len) copy = len; if (skb_copy_datagram_from_iter(frag_iter, offset - start, from, copy)) goto fault; if ((len -= copy) == 0) return 0; offset += copy; } start = end; } if (!len) return 0; fault: return -EFAULT; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(skb_copy_datagram_from_iter); int __zerocopy_sg_from_iter(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct iov_iter *from, size_t length) { int frag = skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags; while (length && iov_iter_count(from)) { struct page *pages[MAX_SKB_FRAGS]; struct page *last_head = NULL; size_t start; ssize_t copied; unsigned long truesize; int refs, n = 0; if (frag == MAX_SKB_FRAGS) return -EMSGSIZE; copied = iov_iter_get_pages(from, pages, length, MAX_SKB_FRAGS - frag, &start); if (copied < 0) return -EFAULT; iov_iter_advance(from, copied); length -= copied; truesize = PAGE_ALIGN(copied + start); skb->data_len += copied; skb->len += copied; skb->truesize += truesize; if (sk && sk->sk_type == SOCK_STREAM) { sk_wmem_queued_add(sk, truesize); sk_mem_charge(sk, truesize); } else { refcount_add(truesize, &skb->sk->sk_wmem_alloc); } for (refs = 0; copied != 0; start = 0) { int size = min_t(int, copied, PAGE_SIZE - start); struct page *head = compound_head(pages[n]); start += (pages[n] - head) << PAGE_SHIFT; copied -= size; n++; if (frag) { skb_frag_t *last = &skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[frag - 1]; if (head == skb_frag_page(last) && start == skb_frag_off(last) + skb_frag_size(last)) { skb_frag_size_add(last, size); /* We combined this page, we need to release * a reference. Since compound pages refcount * is shared among many pages, batch the refcount * adjustments to limit false sharing. */ last_head = head; refs++; continue; } } if (refs) { page_ref_sub(last_head, refs); refs = 0; } skb_fill_page_desc(skb, frag++, head, start, size); } if (refs) page_ref_sub(last_head, refs); } return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__zerocopy_sg_from_iter); /** * zerocopy_sg_from_iter - Build a zerocopy datagram from an iov_iter * @skb: buffer to copy * @from: the source to copy from * * The function will first copy up to headlen, and then pin the userspace * pages and build frags through them. * * Returns 0, -EFAULT or -EMSGSIZE. */ int zerocopy_sg_from_iter(struct sk_buff *skb, struct iov_iter *from) { int copy = min_t(int, skb_headlen(skb), iov_iter_count(from)); /* copy up to skb headlen */ if (skb_copy_datagram_from_iter(skb, 0, from, copy)) return -EFAULT; return __zerocopy_sg_from_iter(NULL, skb, from, ~0U); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(zerocopy_sg_from_iter); /** * skb_copy_and_csum_datagram_iter - Copy datagram to an iovec iterator * and update a checksum. * @skb: buffer to copy * @offset: offset in the buffer to start copying from * @to: iovec iterator to copy to * @len: amount of data to copy from buffer to iovec * @csump: checksum pointer */ static int skb_copy_and_csum_datagram(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, struct iov_iter *to, int len, __wsum *csump) { struct csum_state csdata = { .csum = *csump }; int ret; ret = __skb_datagram_iter(skb, offset, to, len, true, csum_and_copy_to_iter, &csdata); if (ret) return ret; *csump = csdata.csum; return 0; } /** * skb_copy_and_csum_datagram_msg - Copy and checksum skb to user iovec. * @skb: skbuff * @hlen: hardware length * @msg: destination * * Caller _must_ check that skb will fit to this iovec. * * Returns: 0 - success. * -EINVAL - checksum failure. * -EFAULT - fault during copy. */ int skb_copy_and_csum_datagram_msg(struct sk_buff *skb, int hlen, struct msghdr *msg) { __wsum csum; int chunk = skb->len - hlen; if (!chunk) return 0; if (msg_data_left(msg) < chunk) { if (__skb_checksum_complete(skb)) return -EINVAL; if (skb_copy_datagram_msg(skb, hlen, msg, chunk)) goto fault; } else { csum = csum_partial(skb->data, hlen, skb->csum); if (skb_copy_and_csum_datagram(skb, hlen, &msg->msg_iter, chunk, &csum)) goto fault; if (csum_fold(csum)) { iov_iter_revert(&msg->msg_iter, chunk); return -EINVAL; } if (unlikely(skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) && !skb->csum_complete_sw) netdev_rx_csum_fault(NULL, skb); } return 0; fault: return -EFAULT; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(skb_copy_and_csum_datagram_msg); /** * datagram_poll - generic datagram poll * @file: file struct * @sock: socket * @wait: poll table * * Datagram poll: Again totally generic. This also handles * sequenced packet sockets providing the socket receive queue * is only ever holding data ready to receive. * * Note: when you *don't* use this routine for this protocol, * and you use a different write policy from sock_writeable() * then please supply your own write_space callback. */ __poll_t datagram_poll(struct file *file, struct socket *sock, poll_table *wait) { struct sock *sk = sock->sk; __poll_t mask; sock_poll_wait(file, sock, wait); mask = 0; /* exceptional events? */ if (sk->sk_err || !skb_queue_empty_lockless(&sk->sk_error_queue)) mask |= EPOLLERR | (sock_flag(sk, SOCK_SELECT_ERR_QUEUE) ? EPOLLPRI : 0); if (sk->sk_shutdown & RCV_SHUTDOWN) mask |= EPOLLRDHUP | EPOLLIN | EPOLLRDNORM; if (sk->sk_shutdown == SHUTDOWN_MASK) mask |= EPOLLHUP; /* readable? */ if (!skb_queue_empty_lockless(&sk->sk_receive_queue)) mask |= EPOLLIN | EPOLLRDNORM; /* Connection-based need to check for termination and startup */ if (connection_based(sk)) { if (sk->sk_state == TCP_CLOSE) mask |= EPOLLHUP; /* connection hasn't started yet? */ if (sk->sk_state == TCP_SYN_SENT) return mask; } /* writable? */ if (sock_writeable(sk)) mask |= EPOLLOUT | EPOLLWRNORM | EPOLLWRBAND; else sk_set_bit(SOCKWQ_ASYNC_NOSPACE, sk); return mask; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(datagram_poll);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_USER_NAMESPACE_H #define _LINUX_USER_NAMESPACE_H #include <linux/kref.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> #include <linux/ns_common.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/err.h> #define UID_GID_MAP_MAX_BASE_EXTENTS 5 #define UID_GID_MAP_MAX_EXTENTS 340 struct uid_gid_extent { u32 first; u32 lower_first; u32 count; }; struct uid_gid_map { /* 64 bytes -- 1 cache line */ u32 nr_extents; union { struct uid_gid_extent extent[UID_GID_MAP_MAX_BASE_EXTENTS]; struct { struct uid_gid_extent *forward; struct uid_gid_extent *reverse; }; }; }; #define USERNS_SETGROUPS_ALLOWED 1UL #define USERNS_INIT_FLAGS USERNS_SETGROUPS_ALLOWED struct ucounts; enum ucount_type { UCOUNT_USER_NAMESPACES, UCOUNT_PID_NAMESPACES, UCOUNT_UTS_NAMESPACES, UCOUNT_IPC_NAMESPACES, UCOUNT_NET_NAMESPACES, UCOUNT_MNT_NAMESPACES, UCOUNT_CGROUP_NAMESPACES, UCOUNT_TIME_NAMESPACES, #ifdef CONFIG_INOTIFY_USER UCOUNT_INOTIFY_INSTANCES, UCOUNT_INOTIFY_WATCHES, #endif UCOUNT_COUNTS, }; struct user_namespace { struct uid_gid_map uid_map; struct uid_gid_map gid_map; struct uid_gid_map projid_map; atomic_t count; struct user_namespace *parent; int level; kuid_t owner; kgid_t group; struct ns_common ns; unsigned long flags; /* parent_could_setfcap: true if the creator if this ns had CAP_SETFCAP * in its effective capability set at the child ns creation time. */ bool parent_could_setfcap; #ifdef CONFIG_KEYS /* List of joinable keyrings in this namespace. Modification access of * these pointers is controlled by keyring_sem. Once * user_keyring_register is set, it won't be changed, so it can be * accessed directly with READ_ONCE(). */ struct list_head keyring_name_list; struct key *user_keyring_register; struct rw_semaphore keyring_sem; #endif /* Register of per-UID persistent keyrings for this namespace */ #ifdef CONFIG_PERSISTENT_KEYRINGS struct key *persistent_keyring_register; #endif struct work_struct work; #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL struct ctl_table_set set; struct ctl_table_header *sysctls; #endif struct ucounts *ucounts; int ucount_max[UCOUNT_COUNTS]; } __randomize_layout; struct ucounts { struct hlist_node node; struct user_namespace *ns; kuid_t uid; int count; atomic_t ucount[UCOUNT_COUNTS]; }; extern struct user_namespace init_user_ns; bool setup_userns_sysctls(struct user_namespace *ns); void retire_userns_sysctls(struct user_namespace *ns); struct ucounts *inc_ucount(struct user_namespace *ns, kuid_t uid, enum ucount_type type); void dec_ucount(struct ucounts *ucounts, enum ucount_type type); #ifdef CONFIG_USER_NS static inline struct user_namespace *get_user_ns(struct user_namespace *ns) { if (ns) atomic_inc(&ns->count); return ns; } extern int create_user_ns(struct cred *new); extern int unshare_userns(unsigned long unshare_flags, struct cred **new_cred); extern void __put_user_ns(struct user_namespace *ns); static inline void put_user_ns(struct user_namespace *ns) { if (ns && atomic_dec_and_test(&ns->count)) __put_user_ns(ns); } struct seq_operations; extern const struct seq_operations proc_uid_seq_operations; extern const struct seq_operations proc_gid_seq_operations; extern const struct seq_operations proc_projid_seq_operations; extern ssize_t proc_uid_map_write(struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern ssize_t proc_gid_map_write(struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern ssize_t proc_projid_map_write(struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern ssize_t proc_setgroups_write(struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern int proc_setgroups_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v); extern bool userns_may_setgroups(const struct user_namespace *ns); extern bool in_userns(const struct user_namespace *ancestor, const struct user_namespace *child); extern bool current_in_userns(const struct user_namespace *target_ns); struct ns_common *ns_get_owner(struct ns_common *ns); #else static inline struct user_namespace *get_user_ns(struct user_namespace *ns) { return &init_user_ns; } static inline int create_user_ns(struct cred *new) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int unshare_userns(unsigned long unshare_flags, struct cred **new_cred) { if (unshare_flags & CLONE_NEWUSER) return -EINVAL; return 0; } static inline void put_user_ns(struct user_namespace *ns) { } static inline bool userns_may_setgroups(const struct user_namespace *ns) { return true; } static inline bool in_userns(const struct user_namespace *ancestor, const struct user_namespace *child) { return true; } static inline bool current_in_userns(const struct user_namespace *target_ns) { return true; } static inline struct ns_common *ns_get_owner(struct ns_common *ns) { return ERR_PTR(-EPERM); } #endif #endif /* _LINUX_USER_H */
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2821 2822 2823 2824 2825 2826 2827 2828 2829 2830 2831 2832 2833 2834 2835 2836 2837 2838 2839 2840 2841 2842 2843 2844 2845 2846 2847 2848 2849 2850 2851 2852 2853 2854 2855 2856 2857 2858 2859 2860 2861 2862 2863 2864 2865 2866 2867 2868 2869 2870 2871 2872 2873 2874 2875 2876 2877 2878 2879 2880 2881 2882 2883 2884 2885 2886 2887 2888 2889 2890 2891 2892 2893 2894 2895 2896 2897 2898 2899 2900 2901 2902 2903 2904 2905 2906 2907 2908 2909 2910 2911 2912 2913 2914 2915 2916 2917 2918 2919 2920 2921 2922 2923 2924 2925 2926 2927 2928 2929 2930 2931 2932 2933 2934 2935 2936 2937 2938 2939 2940 2941 2942 2943 2944 2945 2946 2947 2948 2949 2950 2951 2952 2953 2954 2955 2956 2957 2958 2959 2960 2961 2962 2963 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later /* * Kernel Probes (KProbes) * kernel/kprobes.c * * Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2002, 2004 * * 2002-Oct Created by Vamsi Krishna S <vamsi_krishna@in.ibm.com> Kernel * Probes initial implementation (includes suggestions from * Rusty Russell). * 2004-Aug Updated by Prasanna S Panchamukhi <prasanna@in.ibm.com> with * hlists and exceptions notifier as suggested by Andi Kleen. * 2004-July Suparna Bhattacharya <suparna@in.ibm.com> added jumper probes * interface to access function arguments. * 2004-Sep Prasanna S Panchamukhi <prasanna@in.ibm.com> Changed Kprobes * exceptions notifier to be first on the priority list. * 2005-May Hien Nguyen <hien@us.ibm.com>, Jim Keniston * <jkenisto@us.ibm.com> and Prasanna S Panchamukhi * <prasanna@in.ibm.com> added function-return probes. */ #include <linux/kprobes.h> #include <linux/hash.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/moduleloader.h> #include <linux/kallsyms.h> #include <linux/freezer.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/debugfs.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/kdebug.h> #include <linux/memory.h> #include <linux/ftrace.h> #include <linux/cpu.h> #include <linux/jump_label.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <linux/static_call.h> #include <asm/sections.h> #include <asm/cacheflush.h> #include <asm/errno.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #define KPROBE_HASH_BITS 6 #define KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE (1 << KPROBE_HASH_BITS) static int kprobes_initialized; /* kprobe_table can be accessed by * - Normal hlist traversal and RCU add/del under kprobe_mutex is held. * Or * - RCU hlist traversal under disabling preempt (breakpoint handlers) */ static struct hlist_head kprobe_table[KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE]; static struct hlist_head kretprobe_inst_table[KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE]; /* NOTE: change this value only with kprobe_mutex held */ static bool kprobes_all_disarmed; /* This protects kprobe_table and optimizing_list */ static DEFINE_MUTEX(kprobe_mutex); static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct kprobe *, kprobe_instance) = NULL; static struct { raw_spinlock_t lock ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; } kretprobe_table_locks[KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE]; kprobe_opcode_t * __weak kprobe_lookup_name(const char *name, unsigned int __unused) { return ((kprobe_opcode_t *)(kallsyms_lookup_name(name))); } static raw_spinlock_t *kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(unsigned long hash) { return &(kretprobe_table_locks[hash].lock); } /* Blacklist -- list of struct kprobe_blacklist_entry */ static LIST_HEAD(kprobe_blacklist); #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_KPROBES_INSN_SLOT /* * kprobe->ainsn.insn points to the copy of the instruction to be * single-stepped. x86_64, POWER4 and above have no-exec support and * stepping on the instruction on a vmalloced/kmalloced/data page * is a recipe for disaster */ struct kprobe_insn_page { struct list_head list; kprobe_opcode_t *insns; /* Page of instruction slots */ struct kprobe_insn_cache *cache; int nused; int ngarbage; char slot_used[]; }; #define KPROBE_INSN_PAGE_SIZE(slots) \ (offsetof(struct kprobe_insn_page, slot_used) + \ (sizeof(char) * (slots))) static int slots_per_page(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c) { return PAGE_SIZE/(c->insn_size * sizeof(kprobe_opcode_t)); } enum kprobe_slot_state { SLOT_CLEAN = 0, SLOT_DIRTY = 1, SLOT_USED = 2, }; void __weak *alloc_insn_page(void) { return module_alloc(PAGE_SIZE); } void __weak free_insn_page(void *page) { module_memfree(page); } struct kprobe_insn_cache kprobe_insn_slots = { .mutex = __MUTEX_INITIALIZER(kprobe_insn_slots.mutex), .alloc = alloc_insn_page, .free = free_insn_page, .sym = KPROBE_INSN_PAGE_SYM, .pages = LIST_HEAD_INIT(kprobe_insn_slots.pages), .insn_size = MAX_INSN_SIZE, .nr_garbage = 0, }; static int collect_garbage_slots(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c); /** * __get_insn_slot() - Find a slot on an executable page for an instruction. * We allocate an executable page if there's no room on existing ones. */ kprobe_opcode_t *__get_insn_slot(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip; kprobe_opcode_t *slot = NULL; /* Since the slot array is not protected by rcu, we need a mutex */ mutex_lock(&c->mutex); retry: rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(kip, &c->pages, list) { if (kip->nused < slots_per_page(c)) { int i; for (i = 0; i < slots_per_page(c); i++) { if (kip->slot_used[i] == SLOT_CLEAN) { kip->slot_used[i] = SLOT_USED; kip->nused++; slot = kip->insns + (i * c->insn_size); rcu_read_unlock(); goto out; } } /* kip->nused is broken. Fix it. */ kip->nused = slots_per_page(c); WARN_ON(1); } } rcu_read_unlock(); /* If there are any garbage slots, collect it and try again. */ if (c->nr_garbage && collect_garbage_slots(c) == 0) goto retry; /* All out of space. Need to allocate a new page. */ kip = kmalloc(KPROBE_INSN_PAGE_SIZE(slots_per_page(c)), GFP_KERNEL); if (!kip) goto out; /* * Use module_alloc so this page is within +/- 2GB of where the * kernel image and loaded module images reside. This is required * so x86_64 can correctly handle the %rip-relative fixups. */ kip->insns = c->alloc(); if (!kip->insns) { kfree(kip); goto out; } INIT_LIST_HEAD(&kip->list); memset(kip->slot_used, SLOT_CLEAN, slots_per_page(c)); kip->slot_used[0] = SLOT_USED; kip->nused = 1; kip->ngarbage = 0; kip->cache = c; list_add_rcu(&kip->list, &c->pages); slot = kip->insns; /* Record the perf ksymbol register event after adding the page */ perf_event_ksymbol(PERF_RECORD_KSYMBOL_TYPE_OOL, (unsigned long)kip->insns, PAGE_SIZE, false, c->sym); out: mutex_unlock(&c->mutex); return slot; } /* Return 1 if all garbages are collected, otherwise 0. */ static int collect_one_slot(struct kprobe_insn_page *kip, int idx) { kip->slot_used[idx] = SLOT_CLEAN; kip->nused--; if (kip->nused == 0) { /* * Page is no longer in use. Free it unless * it's the last one. We keep the last one * so as not to have to set it up again the * next time somebody inserts a probe. */ if (!list_is_singular(&kip->list)) { /* * Record perf ksymbol unregister event before removing * the page. */ perf_event_ksymbol(PERF_RECORD_KSYMBOL_TYPE_OOL, (unsigned long)kip->insns, PAGE_SIZE, true, kip->cache->sym); list_del_rcu(&kip->list); synchronize_rcu(); kip->cache->free(kip->insns); kfree(kip); } return 1; } return 0; } static int collect_garbage_slots(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip, *next; /* Ensure no-one is interrupted on the garbages */ synchronize_rcu(); list_for_each_entry_safe(kip, next, &c->pages, list) { int i; if (kip->ngarbage == 0) continue; kip->ngarbage = 0; /* we will collect all garbages */ for (i = 0; i < slots_per_page(c); i++) { if (kip->slot_used[i] == SLOT_DIRTY && collect_one_slot(kip, i)) break; } } c->nr_garbage = 0; return 0; } void __free_insn_slot(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c, kprobe_opcode_t *slot, int dirty) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip; long idx; mutex_lock(&c->mutex); rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(kip, &c->pages, list) { idx = ((long)slot - (long)kip->insns) / (c->insn_size * sizeof(kprobe_opcode_t)); if (idx >= 0 && idx < slots_per_page(c)) goto out; } /* Could not find this slot. */ WARN_ON(1); kip = NULL; out: rcu_read_unlock(); /* Mark and sweep: this may sleep */ if (kip) { /* Check double free */ WARN_ON(kip->slot_used[idx] != SLOT_USED); if (dirty) { kip->slot_used[idx] = SLOT_DIRTY; kip->ngarbage++; if (++c->nr_garbage > slots_per_page(c)) collect_garbage_slots(c); } else { collect_one_slot(kip, idx); } } mutex_unlock(&c->mutex); } /* * Check given address is on the page of kprobe instruction slots. * This will be used for checking whether the address on a stack * is on a text area or not. */ bool __is_insn_slot_addr(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c, unsigned long addr) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip; bool ret = false; rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(kip, &c->pages, list) { if (addr >= (unsigned long)kip->insns && addr < (unsigned long)kip->insns + PAGE_SIZE) { ret = true; break; } } rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } int kprobe_cache_get_kallsym(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c, unsigned int *symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *sym) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip; int ret = -ERANGE; rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(kip, &c->pages, list) { if ((*symnum)--) continue; strlcpy(sym, c->sym, KSYM_NAME_LEN); *type = 't'; *value = (unsigned long)kip->insns; ret = 0; break; } rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } #ifdef CONFIG_OPTPROBES /* For optimized_kprobe buffer */ struct kprobe_insn_cache kprobe_optinsn_slots = { .mutex = __MUTEX_INITIALIZER(kprobe_optinsn_slots.mutex), .alloc = alloc_insn_page, .free = free_insn_page, .sym = KPROBE_OPTINSN_PAGE_SYM, .pages = LIST_HEAD_INIT(kprobe_optinsn_slots.pages), /* .insn_size is initialized later */ .nr_garbage = 0, }; #endif #endif /* We have preemption disabled.. so it is safe to use __ versions */ static inline void set_kprobe_instance(struct kprobe *kp) { __this_cpu_write(kprobe_instance, kp); } static inline void reset_kprobe_instance(void) { __this_cpu_write(kprobe_instance, NULL); } /* * This routine is called either: * - under the kprobe_mutex - during kprobe_[un]register() * OR * - with preemption disabled - from arch/xxx/kernel/kprobes.c */ struct kprobe *get_kprobe(void *addr) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; head = &kprobe_table[hash_ptr(addr, KPROBE_HASH_BITS)]; hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(p, head, hlist, lockdep_is_held(&kprobe_mutex)) { if (p->addr == addr) return p; } return NULL; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(get_kprobe); static int aggr_pre_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs); /* Return true if the kprobe is an aggregator */ static inline int kprobe_aggrprobe(struct kprobe *p) { return p->pre_handler == aggr_pre_handler; } /* Return true(!0) if the kprobe is unused */ static inline int kprobe_unused(struct kprobe *p) { return kprobe_aggrprobe(p) && kprobe_disabled(p) && list_empty(&p->list); } /* * Keep all fields in the kprobe consistent */ static inline void copy_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p) { memcpy(&p->opcode, &ap->opcode, sizeof(kprobe_opcode_t)); memcpy(&p->ainsn, &ap->ainsn, sizeof(struct arch_specific_insn)); } #ifdef CONFIG_OPTPROBES /* NOTE: change this value only with kprobe_mutex held */ static bool kprobes_allow_optimization; /* * Call all pre_handler on the list, but ignores its return value. * This must be called from arch-dep optimized caller. */ void opt_pre_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs) { struct kprobe *kp; list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) { if (kp->pre_handler && likely(!kprobe_disabled(kp))) { set_kprobe_instance(kp); kp->pre_handler(kp, regs); } reset_kprobe_instance(); } } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(opt_pre_handler); /* Free optimized instructions and optimized_kprobe */ static void free_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); arch_remove_optimized_kprobe(op); arch_remove_kprobe(p); kfree(op); } /* Return true(!0) if the kprobe is ready for optimization. */ static inline int kprobe_optready(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; if (kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); return arch_prepared_optinsn(&op->optinsn); } return 0; } /* Return true(!0) if the kprobe is disarmed. Note: p must be on hash list */ static inline int kprobe_disarmed(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* If kprobe is not aggr/opt probe, just return kprobe is disabled */ if (!kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) return kprobe_disabled(p); op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); return kprobe_disabled(p) && list_empty(&op->list); } /* Return true(!0) if the probe is queued on (un)optimizing lists */ static int kprobe_queued(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; if (kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (!list_empty(&op->list)) return 1; } return 0; } /* * Return an optimized kprobe whose optimizing code replaces * instructions including addr (exclude breakpoint). */ static struct kprobe *get_optimized_kprobe(unsigned long addr) { int i; struct kprobe *p = NULL; struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* Don't check i == 0, since that is a breakpoint case. */ for (i = 1; !p && i < MAX_OPTIMIZED_LENGTH; i++) p = get_kprobe((void *)(addr - i)); if (p && kprobe_optready(p)) { op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (arch_within_optimized_kprobe(op, addr)) return p; } return NULL; } /* Optimization staging list, protected by kprobe_mutex */ static LIST_HEAD(optimizing_list); static LIST_HEAD(unoptimizing_list); static LIST_HEAD(freeing_list); static void kprobe_optimizer(struct work_struct *work); static DECLARE_DELAYED_WORK(optimizing_work, kprobe_optimizer); #define OPTIMIZE_DELAY 5 /* * Optimize (replace a breakpoint with a jump) kprobes listed on * optimizing_list. */ static void do_optimize_kprobes(void) { lockdep_assert_held(&text_mutex); /* * The optimization/unoptimization refers online_cpus via * stop_machine() and cpu-hotplug modifies online_cpus. * And same time, text_mutex will be held in cpu-hotplug and here. * This combination can cause a deadlock (cpu-hotplug try to lock * text_mutex but stop_machine can not be done because online_cpus * has been changed) * To avoid this deadlock, caller must have locked cpu hotplug * for preventing cpu-hotplug outside of text_mutex locking. */ lockdep_assert_cpus_held(); /* Optimization never be done when disarmed */ if (kprobes_all_disarmed || !kprobes_allow_optimization || list_empty(&optimizing_list)) return; arch_optimize_kprobes(&optimizing_list); } /* * Unoptimize (replace a jump with a breakpoint and remove the breakpoint * if need) kprobes listed on unoptimizing_list. */ static void do_unoptimize_kprobes(void) { struct optimized_kprobe *op, *tmp; lockdep_assert_held(&text_mutex); /* See comment in do_optimize_kprobes() */ lockdep_assert_cpus_held(); /* Unoptimization must be done anytime */ if (list_empty(&unoptimizing_list)) return; arch_unoptimize_kprobes(&unoptimizing_list, &freeing_list); /* Loop free_list for disarming */ list_for_each_entry_safe(op, tmp, &freeing_list, list) { /* Switching from detour code to origin */ op->kp.flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; /* Disarm probes if marked disabled */ if (kprobe_disabled(&op->kp)) arch_disarm_kprobe(&op->kp); if (kprobe_unused(&op->kp)) { /* * Remove unused probes from hash list. After waiting * for synchronization, these probes are reclaimed. * (reclaiming is done by do_free_cleaned_kprobes.) */ hlist_del_rcu(&op->kp.hlist); } else list_del_init(&op->list); } } /* Reclaim all kprobes on the free_list */ static void do_free_cleaned_kprobes(void) { struct optimized_kprobe *op, *tmp; list_for_each_entry_safe(op, tmp, &freeing_list, list) { list_del_init(&op->list); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!kprobe_unused(&op->kp))) { /* * This must not happen, but if there is a kprobe * still in use, keep it on kprobes hash list. */ continue; } free_aggr_kprobe(&op->kp); } } /* Start optimizer after OPTIMIZE_DELAY passed */ static void kick_kprobe_optimizer(void) { schedule_delayed_work(&optimizing_work, OPTIMIZE_DELAY); } /* Kprobe jump optimizer */ static void kprobe_optimizer(struct work_struct *work) { mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); cpus_read_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); /* * Step 1: Unoptimize kprobes and collect cleaned (unused and disarmed) * kprobes before waiting for quiesence period. */ do_unoptimize_kprobes(); /* * Step 2: Wait for quiesence period to ensure all potentially * preempted tasks to have normally scheduled. Because optprobe * may modify multiple instructions, there is a chance that Nth * instruction is preempted. In that case, such tasks can return * to 2nd-Nth byte of jump instruction. This wait is for avoiding it. * Note that on non-preemptive kernel, this is transparently converted * to synchronoze_sched() to wait for all interrupts to have completed. */ synchronize_rcu_tasks(); /* Step 3: Optimize kprobes after quiesence period */ do_optimize_kprobes(); /* Step 4: Free cleaned kprobes after quiesence period */ do_free_cleaned_kprobes(); mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); cpus_read_unlock(); /* Step 5: Kick optimizer again if needed */ if (!list_empty(&optimizing_list) || !list_empty(&unoptimizing_list)) kick_kprobe_optimizer(); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } /* Wait for completing optimization and unoptimization */ void wait_for_kprobe_optimizer(void) { mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); while (!list_empty(&optimizing_list) || !list_empty(&unoptimizing_list)) { mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); /* this will also make optimizing_work execute immmediately */ flush_delayed_work(&optimizing_work); /* @optimizing_work might not have been queued yet, relax */ cpu_relax(); mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); } mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } static bool optprobe_queued_unopt(struct optimized_kprobe *op) { struct optimized_kprobe *_op; list_for_each_entry(_op, &unoptimizing_list, list) { if (op == _op) return true; } return false; } /* Optimize kprobe if p is ready to be optimized */ static void optimize_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* Check if the kprobe is disabled or not ready for optimization. */ if (!kprobe_optready(p) || !kprobes_allow_optimization || (kprobe_disabled(p) || kprobes_all_disarmed)) return; /* kprobes with post_handler can not be optimized */ if (p->post_handler) return; op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); /* Check there is no other kprobes at the optimized instructions */ if (arch_check_optimized_kprobe(op) < 0) return; /* Check if it is already optimized. */ if (op->kp.flags & KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED) { if (optprobe_queued_unopt(op)) { /* This is under unoptimizing. Just dequeue the probe */ list_del_init(&op->list); } return; } op->kp.flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; /* On unoptimizing/optimizing_list, op must have OPTIMIZED flag */ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&op->list))) return; list_add(&op->list, &optimizing_list); kick_kprobe_optimizer(); } /* Short cut to direct unoptimizing */ static void force_unoptimize_kprobe(struct optimized_kprobe *op) { lockdep_assert_cpus_held(); arch_unoptimize_kprobe(op); op->kp.flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; } /* Unoptimize a kprobe if p is optimized */ static void unoptimize_kprobe(struct kprobe *p, bool force) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; if (!kprobe_aggrprobe(p) || kprobe_disarmed(p)) return; /* This is not an optprobe nor optimized */ op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (!kprobe_optimized(p)) return; if (!list_empty(&op->list)) { if (optprobe_queued_unopt(op)) { /* Queued in unoptimizing queue */ if (force) { /* * Forcibly unoptimize the kprobe here, and queue it * in the freeing list for release afterwards. */ force_unoptimize_kprobe(op); list_move(&op->list, &freeing_list); } } else { /* Dequeue from the optimizing queue */ list_del_init(&op->list); op->kp.flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; } return; } /* Optimized kprobe case */ if (force) { /* Forcibly update the code: this is a special case */ force_unoptimize_kprobe(op); } else { list_add(&op->list, &unoptimizing_list); kick_kprobe_optimizer(); } } /* Cancel unoptimizing for reusing */ static int reuse_unused_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* * Unused kprobe MUST be on the way of delayed unoptimizing (means * there is still a relative jump) and disabled. */ op = container_of(ap, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); WARN_ON_ONCE(list_empty(&op->list)); /* Enable the probe again */ ap->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; /* Optimize it again (remove from op->list) */ if (!kprobe_optready(ap)) return -EINVAL; optimize_kprobe(ap); return 0; } /* Remove optimized instructions */ static void kill_optimized_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (!list_empty(&op->list)) /* Dequeue from the (un)optimization queue */ list_del_init(&op->list); op->kp.flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; if (kprobe_unused(p)) { /* Enqueue if it is unused */ list_add(&op->list, &freeing_list); /* * Remove unused probes from the hash list. After waiting * for synchronization, this probe is reclaimed. * (reclaiming is done by do_free_cleaned_kprobes().) */ hlist_del_rcu(&op->kp.hlist); } /* Don't touch the code, because it is already freed. */ arch_remove_optimized_kprobe(op); } static inline void __prepare_optimized_kprobe(struct optimized_kprobe *op, struct kprobe *p) { if (!kprobe_ftrace(p)) arch_prepare_optimized_kprobe(op, p); } /* Try to prepare optimized instructions */ static void prepare_optimized_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); __prepare_optimized_kprobe(op, p); } /* Allocate new optimized_kprobe and try to prepare optimized instructions */ static struct kprobe *alloc_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; op = kzalloc(sizeof(struct optimized_kprobe), GFP_KERNEL); if (!op) return NULL; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&op->list); op->kp.addr = p->addr; __prepare_optimized_kprobe(op, p); return &op->kp; } static void init_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p); /* * Prepare an optimized_kprobe and optimize it * NOTE: p must be a normal registered kprobe */ static void try_to_optimize_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *ap; struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* Impossible to optimize ftrace-based kprobe */ if (kprobe_ftrace(p)) return; /* For preparing optimization, jump_label_text_reserved() is called */ cpus_read_lock(); jump_label_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); ap = alloc_aggr_kprobe(p); if (!ap) goto out; op = container_of(ap, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (!arch_prepared_optinsn(&op->optinsn)) { /* If failed to setup optimizing, fallback to kprobe */ arch_remove_optimized_kprobe(op); kfree(op); goto out; } init_aggr_kprobe(ap, p); optimize_kprobe(ap); /* This just kicks optimizer thread */ out: mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); jump_label_unlock(); cpus_read_unlock(); } static void optimize_all_kprobes(void) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* If optimization is already allowed, just return */ if (kprobes_allow_optimization) goto out; cpus_read_lock(); kprobes_allow_optimization = true; for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) if (!kprobe_disabled(p)) optimize_kprobe(p); } cpus_read_unlock(); printk(KERN_INFO "Kprobes globally optimized\n"); out: mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL static void unoptimize_all_kprobes(void) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* If optimization is already prohibited, just return */ if (!kprobes_allow_optimization) { mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return; } cpus_read_lock(); kprobes_allow_optimization = false; for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (!kprobe_disabled(p)) unoptimize_kprobe(p, false); } } cpus_read_unlock(); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Wait for unoptimizing completion */ wait_for_kprobe_optimizer(); printk(KERN_INFO "Kprobes globally unoptimized\n"); } static DEFINE_MUTEX(kprobe_sysctl_mutex); int sysctl_kprobes_optimization; int proc_kprobes_optimization_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *length, loff_t *ppos) { int ret; mutex_lock(&kprobe_sysctl_mutex); sysctl_kprobes_optimization = kprobes_allow_optimization ? 1 : 0; ret = proc_dointvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, length, ppos); if (sysctl_kprobes_optimization) optimize_all_kprobes(); else unoptimize_all_kprobes(); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_sysctl_mutex); return ret; } #endif /* CONFIG_SYSCTL */ /* Put a breakpoint for a probe. Must be called with text_mutex locked */ static void __arm_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *_p; /* Check collision with other optimized kprobes */ _p = get_optimized_kprobe((unsigned long)p->addr); if (unlikely(_p)) /* Fallback to unoptimized kprobe */ unoptimize_kprobe(_p, true); arch_arm_kprobe(p); optimize_kprobe(p); /* Try to optimize (add kprobe to a list) */ } /* Remove the breakpoint of a probe. Must be called with text_mutex locked */ static void __disarm_kprobe(struct kprobe *p, bool reopt) { struct kprobe *_p; /* Try to unoptimize */ unoptimize_kprobe(p, kprobes_all_disarmed); if (!kprobe_queued(p)) { arch_disarm_kprobe(p); /* If another kprobe was blocked, optimize it. */ _p = get_optimized_kprobe((unsigned long)p->addr); if (unlikely(_p) && reopt) optimize_kprobe(_p); } /* TODO: reoptimize others after unoptimized this probe */ } #else /* !CONFIG_OPTPROBES */ #define optimize_kprobe(p) do {} while (0) #define unoptimize_kprobe(p, f) do {} while (0) #define kill_optimized_kprobe(p) do {} while (0) #define prepare_optimized_kprobe(p) do {} while (0) #define try_to_optimize_kprobe(p) do {} while (0) #define __arm_kprobe(p) arch_arm_kprobe(p) #define __disarm_kprobe(p, o) arch_disarm_kprobe(p) #define kprobe_disarmed(p) kprobe_disabled(p) #define wait_for_kprobe_optimizer() do {} while (0) static int reuse_unused_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap) { /* * If the optimized kprobe is NOT supported, the aggr kprobe is * released at the same time that the last aggregated kprobe is * unregistered. * Thus there should be no chance to reuse unused kprobe. */ printk(KERN_ERR "Error: There should be no unused kprobe here.\n"); return -EINVAL; } static void free_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { arch_remove_kprobe(p); kfree(p); } static struct kprobe *alloc_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { return kzalloc(sizeof(struct kprobe), GFP_KERNEL); } #endif /* CONFIG_OPTPROBES */ #ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE static struct ftrace_ops kprobe_ftrace_ops __read_mostly = { .func = kprobe_ftrace_handler, .flags = FTRACE_OPS_FL_SAVE_REGS, }; static struct ftrace_ops kprobe_ipmodify_ops __read_mostly = { .func = kprobe_ftrace_handler, .flags = FTRACE_OPS_FL_SAVE_REGS | FTRACE_OPS_FL_IPMODIFY, }; static int kprobe_ipmodify_enabled; static int kprobe_ftrace_enabled; /* Must ensure p->addr is really on ftrace */ static int prepare_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { if (!kprobe_ftrace(p)) return arch_prepare_kprobe(p); return arch_prepare_kprobe_ftrace(p); } /* Caller must lock kprobe_mutex */ static int __arm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p, struct ftrace_ops *ops, int *cnt) { int ret = 0; ret = ftrace_set_filter_ip(ops, (unsigned long)p->addr, 0, 0); if (ret) { pr_debug("Failed to arm kprobe-ftrace at %pS (%d)\n", p->addr, ret); return ret; } if (*cnt == 0) { ret = register_ftrace_function(ops); if (ret) { pr_debug("Failed to init kprobe-ftrace (%d)\n", ret); goto err_ftrace; } } (*cnt)++; return ret; err_ftrace: /* * At this point, sinec ops is not registered, we should be sefe from * registering empty filter. */ ftrace_set_filter_ip(ops, (unsigned long)p->addr, 1, 0); return ret; } static int arm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p) { bool ipmodify = (p->post_handler != NULL); return __arm_kprobe_ftrace(p, ipmodify ? &kprobe_ipmodify_ops : &kprobe_ftrace_ops, ipmodify ? &kprobe_ipmodify_enabled : &kprobe_ftrace_enabled); } /* Caller must lock kprobe_mutex */ static int __disarm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p, struct ftrace_ops *ops, int *cnt) { int ret = 0; if (*cnt == 1) { ret = unregister_ftrace_function(ops); if (WARN(ret < 0, "Failed to unregister kprobe-ftrace (%d)\n", ret)) return ret; } (*cnt)--; ret = ftrace_set_filter_ip(ops, (unsigned long)p->addr, 1, 0); WARN_ONCE(ret < 0, "Failed to disarm kprobe-ftrace at %pS (%d)\n", p->addr, ret); return ret; } static int disarm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p) { bool ipmodify = (p->post_handler != NULL); return __disarm_kprobe_ftrace(p, ipmodify ? &kprobe_ipmodify_ops : &kprobe_ftrace_ops, ipmodify ? &kprobe_ipmodify_enabled : &kprobe_ftrace_enabled); } #else /* !CONFIG_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE */ static inline int prepare_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { return arch_prepare_kprobe(p); } static inline int arm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p) { return -ENODEV; } static inline int disarm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p) { return -ENODEV; } #endif /* Arm a kprobe with text_mutex */ static int arm_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp) { if (unlikely(kprobe_ftrace(kp))) return arm_kprobe_ftrace(kp); cpus_read_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); __arm_kprobe(kp); mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); cpus_read_unlock(); return 0; } /* Disarm a kprobe with text_mutex */ static int disarm_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp, bool reopt) { if (unlikely(kprobe_ftrace(kp))) return disarm_kprobe_ftrace(kp); cpus_read_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); __disarm_kprobe(kp, reopt); mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); cpus_read_unlock(); return 0; } /* * Aggregate handlers for multiple kprobes support - these handlers * take care of invoking the individual kprobe handlers on p->list */ static int aggr_pre_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs) { struct kprobe *kp; list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) { if (kp->pre_handler && likely(!kprobe_disabled(kp))) { set_kprobe_instance(kp); if (kp->pre_handler(kp, regs)) return 1; } reset_kprobe_instance(); } return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(aggr_pre_handler); static void aggr_post_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long flags) { struct kprobe *kp; list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) { if (kp->post_handler && likely(!kprobe_disabled(kp))) { set_kprobe_instance(kp); kp->post_handler(kp, regs, flags); reset_kprobe_instance(); } } } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(aggr_post_handler); static int aggr_fault_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs, int trapnr) { struct kprobe *cur = __this_cpu_read(kprobe_instance); /* * if we faulted "during" the execution of a user specified * probe handler, invoke just that probe's fault handler */ if (cur && cur->fault_handler) { if (cur->fault_handler(cur, regs, trapnr)) return 1; } return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(aggr_fault_handler); /* Walks the list and increments nmissed count for multiprobe case */ void kprobes_inc_nmissed_count(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *kp; if (!kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { p->nmissed++; } else { list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) kp->nmissed++; } return; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kprobes_inc_nmissed_count); static void recycle_rp_inst(struct kretprobe_instance *ri) { struct kretprobe *rp = ri->rp; /* remove rp inst off the rprobe_inst_table */ hlist_del(&ri->hlist); INIT_HLIST_NODE(&ri->hlist); if (likely(rp)) { raw_spin_lock(&rp->lock); hlist_add_head(&ri->hlist, &rp->free_instances); raw_spin_unlock(&rp->lock); } else kfree_rcu(ri, rcu); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(recycle_rp_inst); static void kretprobe_hash_lock(struct task_struct *tsk, struct hlist_head **head, unsigned long *flags) __acquires(hlist_lock) { unsigned long hash = hash_ptr(tsk, KPROBE_HASH_BITS); raw_spinlock_t *hlist_lock; *head = &kretprobe_inst_table[hash]; hlist_lock = kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(hash); /* * Nested is a workaround that will soon not be needed. * There's other protections that make sure the same lock * is not taken on the same CPU that lockdep is unaware of. * Differentiate when it is taken in NMI context. */ raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(hlist_lock, *flags, !!in_nmi()); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kretprobe_hash_lock); static void kretprobe_table_lock(unsigned long hash, unsigned long *flags) __acquires(hlist_lock) { raw_spinlock_t *hlist_lock = kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(hash); /* * Nested is a workaround that will soon not be needed. * There's other protections that make sure the same lock * is not taken on the same CPU that lockdep is unaware of. * Differentiate when it is taken in NMI context. */ raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(hlist_lock, *flags, !!in_nmi()); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kretprobe_table_lock); static void kretprobe_hash_unlock(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long *flags) __releases(hlist_lock) { unsigned long hash = hash_ptr(tsk, KPROBE_HASH_BITS); raw_spinlock_t *hlist_lock; hlist_lock = kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(hash); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(hlist_lock, *flags); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kretprobe_hash_unlock); static void kretprobe_table_unlock(unsigned long hash, unsigned long *flags) __releases(hlist_lock) { raw_spinlock_t *hlist_lock = kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(hash); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(hlist_lock, *flags); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kretprobe_table_unlock); static struct kprobe kprobe_busy = { .addr = (void *) get_kprobe, }; void kprobe_busy_begin(void) { struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb; preempt_disable(); __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, &kprobe_busy); kcb = get_kprobe_ctlblk(); kcb->kprobe_status = KPROBE_HIT_ACTIVE; } void kprobe_busy_end(void) { __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, NULL); preempt_enable(); } /* * This function is called from finish_task_switch when task tk becomes dead, * so that we can recycle any function-return probe instances associated * with this task. These left over instances represent probed functions * that have been called but will never return. */ void kprobe_flush_task(struct task_struct *tk) { struct kretprobe_instance *ri; struct hlist_head *head; struct hlist_node *tmp; unsigned long hash, flags = 0; if (unlikely(!kprobes_initialized)) /* Early boot. kretprobe_table_locks not yet initialized. */ return; kprobe_busy_begin(); hash = hash_ptr(tk, KPROBE_HASH_BITS); head = &kretprobe_inst_table[hash]; kretprobe_table_lock(hash, &flags); hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, tmp, head, hlist) { if (ri->task == tk) recycle_rp_inst(ri); } kretprobe_table_unlock(hash, &flags); kprobe_busy_end(); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kprobe_flush_task); static inline void free_rp_inst(struct kretprobe *rp) { struct kretprobe_instance *ri; struct hlist_node *next; hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, next, &rp->free_instances, hlist) { hlist_del(&ri->hlist); kfree(ri); } } static void cleanup_rp_inst(struct kretprobe *rp) { unsigned long flags, hash; struct kretprobe_instance *ri; struct hlist_node *next; struct hlist_head *head; /* To avoid recursive kretprobe by NMI, set kprobe busy here */ kprobe_busy_begin(); for (hash = 0; hash < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; hash++) { kretprobe_table_lock(hash, &flags); head = &kretprobe_inst_table[hash]; hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, next, head, hlist) { if (ri->rp == rp) ri->rp = NULL; } kretprobe_table_unlock(hash, &flags); } kprobe_busy_end(); free_rp_inst(rp); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(cleanup_rp_inst); /* Add the new probe to ap->list */ static int add_new_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p) { if (p->post_handler) unoptimize_kprobe(ap, true); /* Fall back to normal kprobe */ list_add_rcu(&p->list, &ap->list); if (p->post_handler && !ap->post_handler) ap->post_handler = aggr_post_handler; return 0; } /* * Fill in the required fields of the "manager kprobe". Replace the * earlier kprobe in the hlist with the manager kprobe */ static void init_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p) { /* Copy p's insn slot to ap */ copy_kprobe(p, ap); flush_insn_slot(ap); ap->addr = p->addr; ap->flags = p->flags & ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; ap->pre_handler = aggr_pre_handler; ap->fault_handler = aggr_fault_handler; /* We don't care the kprobe which has gone. */ if (p->post_handler && !kprobe_gone(p)) ap->post_handler = aggr_post_handler; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ap->list); INIT_HLIST_NODE(&ap->hlist); list_add_rcu(&p->list, &ap->list); hlist_replace_rcu(&p->hlist, &ap->hlist); } /* * This is the second or subsequent kprobe at the address - handle * the intricacies */ static int register_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *orig_p, struct kprobe *p) { int ret = 0; struct kprobe *ap = orig_p; cpus_read_lock(); /* For preparing optimization, jump_label_text_reserved() is called */ jump_label_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); if (!kprobe_aggrprobe(orig_p)) { /* If orig_p is not an aggr_kprobe, create new aggr_kprobe. */ ap = alloc_aggr_kprobe(orig_p); if (!ap) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } init_aggr_kprobe(ap, orig_p); } else if (kprobe_unused(ap)) { /* This probe is going to die. Rescue it */ ret = reuse_unused_kprobe(ap); if (ret) goto out; } if (kprobe_gone(ap)) { /* * Attempting to insert new probe at the same location that * had a probe in the module vaddr area which already * freed. So, the instruction slot has already been * released. We need a new slot for the new probe. */ ret = arch_prepare_kprobe(ap); if (ret) /* * Even if fail to allocate new slot, don't need to * free aggr_probe. It will be used next time, or * freed by unregister_kprobe. */ goto out; /* Prepare optimized instructions if possible. */ prepare_optimized_kprobe(ap); /* * Clear gone flag to prevent allocating new slot again, and * set disabled flag because it is not armed yet. */ ap->flags = (ap->flags & ~KPROBE_FLAG_GONE) | KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; } /* Copy ap's insn slot to p */ copy_kprobe(ap, p); ret = add_new_kprobe(ap, p); out: mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); jump_label_unlock(); cpus_read_unlock(); if (ret == 0 && kprobe_disabled(ap) && !kprobe_disabled(p)) { ap->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; if (!kprobes_all_disarmed) { /* Arm the breakpoint again. */ ret = arm_kprobe(ap); if (ret) { ap->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; list_del_rcu(&p->list); synchronize_rcu(); } } } return ret; } bool __weak arch_within_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long addr) { /* The __kprobes marked functions and entry code must not be probed */ return addr >= (unsigned long)__kprobes_text_start && addr < (unsigned long)__kprobes_text_end; } static bool __within_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long addr) { struct kprobe_blacklist_entry *ent; if (arch_within_kprobe_blacklist(addr)) return true; /* * If there exists a kprobe_blacklist, verify and * fail any probe registration in the prohibited area */ list_for_each_entry(ent, &kprobe_blacklist, list) { if (addr >= ent->start_addr && addr < ent->end_addr) return true; } return false; } bool within_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long addr) { char symname[KSYM_NAME_LEN], *p; if (__within_kprobe_blacklist(addr)) return true; /* Check if the address is on a suffixed-symbol */ if (!lookup_symbol_name(addr, symname)) { p = strchr(symname, '.'); if (!p) return false; *p = '\0'; addr = (unsigned long)kprobe_lookup_name(symname, 0); if (addr) return __within_kprobe_blacklist(addr); } return false; } /* * If we have a symbol_name argument, look it up and add the offset field * to it. This way, we can specify a relative address to a symbol. * This returns encoded errors if it fails to look up symbol or invalid * combination of parameters. */ static kprobe_opcode_t *_kprobe_addr(kprobe_opcode_t *addr, const char *symbol_name, unsigned int offset) { if ((symbol_name && addr) || (!symbol_name && !addr)) goto invalid; if (symbol_name) { addr = kprobe_lookup_name(symbol_name, offset); if (!addr) return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); } addr = (kprobe_opcode_t *)(((char *)addr) + offset); if (addr) return addr; invalid: return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } static kprobe_opcode_t *kprobe_addr(struct kprobe *p) { return _kprobe_addr(p->addr, p->symbol_name, p->offset); } /* Check passed kprobe is valid and return kprobe in kprobe_table. */ static struct kprobe *__get_valid_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *ap, *list_p; lockdep_assert_held(&kprobe_mutex); ap = get_kprobe(p->addr); if (unlikely(!ap)) return NULL; if (p != ap) { list_for_each_entry(list_p, &ap->list, list) if (list_p == p) /* kprobe p is a valid probe */ goto valid; return NULL; } valid: return ap; } /* Return error if the kprobe is being re-registered */ static inline int check_kprobe_rereg(struct kprobe *p) { int ret = 0; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); if (__get_valid_kprobe(p)) ret = -EINVAL; mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return ret; } int __weak arch_check_ftrace_location(struct kprobe *p) { unsigned long ftrace_addr; ftrace_addr = ftrace_location((unsigned long)p->addr); if (ftrace_addr) { #ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE /* Given address is not on the instruction boundary */ if ((unsigned long)p->addr != ftrace_addr) return -EILSEQ; p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_FTRACE; #else /* !CONFIG_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE */ return -EINVAL; #endif } return 0; } static int check_kprobe_address_safe(struct kprobe *p, struct module **probed_mod) { int ret; ret = arch_check_ftrace_location(p); if (ret) return ret; jump_label_lock(); preempt_disable(); /* Ensure it is not in reserved area nor out of text */ if (!kernel_text_address((unsigned long) p->addr) || within_kprobe_blacklist((unsigned long) p->addr) || jump_label_text_reserved(p->addr, p->addr) || static_call_text_reserved(p->addr, p->addr) || find_bug((unsigned long)p->addr)) { ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } /* Check if are we probing a module */ *probed_mod = __module_text_address((unsigned long) p->addr); if (*probed_mod) { /* * We must hold a refcount of the probed module while updating * its code to prohibit unexpected unloading. */ if (unlikely(!try_module_get(*probed_mod))) { ret = -ENOENT; goto out; } /* * If the module freed .init.text, we couldn't insert * kprobes in there. */ if (within_module_init((unsigned long)p->addr, *probed_mod) && (*probed_mod)->state != MODULE_STATE_COMING) { module_put(*probed_mod); *probed_mod = NULL; ret = -ENOENT; } } out: preempt_enable(); jump_label_unlock(); return ret; } int register_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { int ret; struct kprobe *old_p; struct module *probed_mod; kprobe_opcode_t *addr; /* Adjust probe address from symbol */ addr = kprobe_addr(p); if (IS_ERR(addr)) return PTR_ERR(addr); p->addr = addr; ret = check_kprobe_rereg(p); if (ret) return ret; /* User can pass only KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED to register_kprobe */ p->flags &= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; p->nmissed = 0; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->list); ret = check_kprobe_address_safe(p, &probed_mod); if (ret) return ret; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); old_p = get_kprobe(p->addr); if (old_p) { /* Since this may unoptimize old_p, locking text_mutex. */ ret = register_aggr_kprobe(old_p, p); goto out; } cpus_read_lock(); /* Prevent text modification */ mutex_lock(&text_mutex); ret = prepare_kprobe(p); mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); cpus_read_unlock(); if (ret) goto out; INIT_HLIST_NODE(&p->hlist); hlist_add_head_rcu(&p->hlist, &kprobe_table[hash_ptr(p->addr, KPROBE_HASH_BITS)]); if (!kprobes_all_disarmed && !kprobe_disabled(p)) { ret = arm_kprobe(p); if (ret) { hlist_del_rcu(&p->hlist); synchronize_rcu(); goto out; } } /* Try to optimize kprobe */ try_to_optimize_kprobe(p); out: mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); if (probed_mod) module_put(probed_mod); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kprobe); /* Check if all probes on the aggrprobe are disabled */ static int aggr_kprobe_disabled(struct kprobe *ap) { struct kprobe *kp; lockdep_assert_held(&kprobe_mutex); list_for_each_entry(kp, &ap->list, list) if (!kprobe_disabled(kp)) /* * There is an active probe on the list. * We can't disable this ap. */ return 0; return 1; } /* Disable one kprobe: Make sure called under kprobe_mutex is locked */ static struct kprobe *__disable_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *orig_p; int ret; /* Get an original kprobe for return */ orig_p = __get_valid_kprobe(p); if (unlikely(orig_p == NULL)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); if (!kprobe_disabled(p)) { /* Disable probe if it is a child probe */ if (p != orig_p) p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; /* Try to disarm and disable this/parent probe */ if (p == orig_p || aggr_kprobe_disabled(orig_p)) { /* * If kprobes_all_disarmed is set, orig_p * should have already been disarmed, so * skip unneed disarming process. */ if (!kprobes_all_disarmed) { ret = disarm_kprobe(orig_p, true); if (ret) { p->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; return ERR_PTR(ret); } } orig_p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; } } return orig_p; } /* * Unregister a kprobe without a scheduler synchronization. */ static int __unregister_kprobe_top(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *ap, *list_p; /* Disable kprobe. This will disarm it if needed. */ ap = __disable_kprobe(p); if (IS_ERR(ap)) return PTR_ERR(ap); if (ap == p) /* * This probe is an independent(and non-optimized) kprobe * (not an aggrprobe). Remove from the hash list. */ goto disarmed; /* Following process expects this probe is an aggrprobe */ WARN_ON(!kprobe_aggrprobe(ap)); if (list_is_singular(&ap->list) && kprobe_disarmed(ap)) /* * !disarmed could be happen if the probe is under delayed * unoptimizing. */ goto disarmed; else { /* If disabling probe has special handlers, update aggrprobe */ if (p->post_handler && !kprobe_gone(p)) { list_for_each_entry(list_p, &ap->list, list) { if ((list_p != p) && (list_p->post_handler)) goto noclean; } ap->post_handler = NULL; } noclean: /* * Remove from the aggrprobe: this path will do nothing in * __unregister_kprobe_bottom(). */ list_del_rcu(&p->list); if (!kprobe_disabled(ap) && !kprobes_all_disarmed) /* * Try to optimize this probe again, because post * handler may have been changed. */ optimize_kprobe(ap); } return 0; disarmed: hlist_del_rcu(&ap->hlist); return 0; } static void __unregister_kprobe_bottom(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *ap; if (list_empty(&p->list)) /* This is an independent kprobe */ arch_remove_kprobe(p); else if (list_is_singular(&p->list)) { /* This is the last child of an aggrprobe */ ap = list_entry(p->list.next, struct kprobe, list); list_del(&p->list); free_aggr_kprobe(ap); } /* Otherwise, do nothing. */ } int register_kprobes(struct kprobe **kps, int num) { int i, ret = 0; if (num <= 0) return -EINVAL; for (i = 0; i < num; i++) { ret = register_kprobe(kps[i]); if (ret < 0) { if (i > 0) unregister_kprobes(kps, i); break; } } return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kprobes); void unregister_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { unregister_kprobes(&p, 1); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kprobe); void unregister_kprobes(struct kprobe **kps, int num) { int i; if (num <= 0) return; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) if (__unregister_kprobe_top(kps[i]) < 0) kps[i]->addr = NULL; mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); synchronize_rcu(); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) if (kps[i]->addr) __unregister_kprobe_bottom(kps[i]); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kprobes); int __weak kprobe_exceptions_notify(struct notifier_block *self, unsigned long val, void *data) { return NOTIFY_DONE; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kprobe_exceptions_notify); static struct notifier_block kprobe_exceptions_nb = { .notifier_call = kprobe_exceptions_notify, .priority = 0x7fffffff /* we need to be notified first */ }; unsigned long __weak arch_deref_entry_point(void *entry) { return (unsigned long)entry; } #ifdef CONFIG_KRETPROBES unsigned long __kretprobe_trampoline_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, void *trampoline_address, void *frame_pointer) { struct kretprobe_instance *ri = NULL, *last = NULL; struct hlist_head *head; struct hlist_node *tmp; unsigned long flags; kprobe_opcode_t *correct_ret_addr = NULL; bool skipped = false; kretprobe_hash_lock(current, &head, &flags); /* * It is possible to have multiple instances associated with a given * task either because multiple functions in the call path have * return probes installed on them, and/or more than one * return probe was registered for a target function. * * We can handle this because: * - instances are always pushed into the head of the list * - when multiple return probes are registered for the same * function, the (chronologically) first instance's ret_addr * will be the real return address, and all the rest will * point to kretprobe_trampoline. */ hlist_for_each_entry(ri, head, hlist) { if (ri->task != current) /* another task is sharing our hash bucket */ continue; /* * Return probes must be pushed on this hash list correct * order (same as return order) so that it can be popped * correctly. However, if we find it is pushed it incorrect * order, this means we find a function which should not be * probed, because the wrong order entry is pushed on the * path of processing other kretprobe itself. */ if (ri->fp != frame_pointer) { if (!skipped) pr_warn("kretprobe is stacked incorrectly. Trying to fixup.\n"); skipped = true; continue; } correct_ret_addr = ri->ret_addr; if (skipped) pr_warn("%ps must be blacklisted because of incorrect kretprobe order\n", ri->rp->kp.addr); if (correct_ret_addr != trampoline_address) /* * This is the real return address. Any other * instances associated with this task are for * other calls deeper on the call stack */ break; } BUG_ON(!correct_ret_addr || (correct_ret_addr == trampoline_address)); last = ri; hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, tmp, head, hlist) { if (ri->task != current) /* another task is sharing our hash bucket */ continue; if (ri->fp != frame_pointer) continue; if (ri->rp && ri->rp->handler) { struct kprobe *prev = kprobe_running(); __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, &ri->rp->kp); ri->ret_addr = correct_ret_addr; ri->rp->handler(ri, regs); __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, prev); } recycle_rp_inst(ri); if (ri == last) break; } kretprobe_hash_unlock(current, &flags); return (unsigned long)correct_ret_addr; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(__kretprobe_trampoline_handler) /* * This kprobe pre_handler is registered with every kretprobe. When probe * hits it will set up the return probe. */ static int pre_handler_kretprobe(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs) { struct kretprobe *rp = container_of(p, struct kretprobe, kp); unsigned long hash, flags = 0; struct kretprobe_instance *ri; /* TODO: consider to only swap the RA after the last pre_handler fired */ hash = hash_ptr(current, KPROBE_HASH_BITS); /* * Nested is a workaround that will soon not be needed. * There's other protections that make sure the same lock * is not taken on the same CPU that lockdep is unaware of. */ raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(&rp->lock, flags, 1); if (!hlist_empty(&rp->free_instances)) { ri = hlist_entry(rp->free_instances.first, struct kretprobe_instance, hlist); hlist_del(&ri->hlist); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rp->lock, flags); ri->rp = rp; ri->task = current; if (rp->entry_handler && rp->entry_handler(ri, regs)) { raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(&rp->lock, flags, 1); hlist_add_head(&ri->hlist, &rp->free_instances); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rp->lock, flags); return 0; } arch_prepare_kretprobe(ri, regs); /* XXX(hch): why is there no hlist_move_head? */ INIT_HLIST_NODE(&ri->hlist); kretprobe_table_lock(hash, &flags); hlist_add_head(&ri->hlist, &kretprobe_inst_table[hash]); kretprobe_table_unlock(hash, &flags); } else { rp->nmissed++; raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rp->lock, flags); } return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(pre_handler_kretprobe); bool __weak arch_kprobe_on_func_entry(unsigned long offset) { return !offset; } /** * kprobe_on_func_entry() -- check whether given address is function entry * @addr: Target address * @sym: Target symbol name * @offset: The offset from the symbol or the address * * This checks whether the given @addr+@offset or @sym+@offset is on the * function entry address or not. * This returns 0 if it is the function entry, or -EINVAL if it is not. * And also it returns -ENOENT if it fails the symbol or address lookup. * Caller must pass @addr or @sym (either one must be NULL), or this * returns -EINVAL. */ int kprobe_on_func_entry(kprobe_opcode_t *addr, const char *sym, unsigned long offset) { kprobe_opcode_t *kp_addr = _kprobe_addr(addr, sym, offset); if (IS_ERR(kp_addr)) return PTR_ERR(kp_addr); if (!kallsyms_lookup_size_offset((unsigned long)kp_addr, NULL, &offset)) return -ENOENT; if (!arch_kprobe_on_func_entry(offset)) return -EINVAL; return 0; } int register_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp) { int ret; struct kretprobe_instance *inst; int i; void *addr; ret = kprobe_on_func_entry(rp->kp.addr, rp->kp.symbol_name, rp->kp.offset); if (ret) return ret; /* If only rp->kp.addr is specified, check reregistering kprobes */ if (rp->kp.addr && check_kprobe_rereg(&rp->kp)) return -EINVAL; if (kretprobe_blacklist_size) { addr = kprobe_addr(&rp->kp); if (IS_ERR(addr)) return PTR_ERR(addr); for (i = 0; kretprobe_blacklist[i].name != NULL; i++) { if (kretprobe_blacklist[i].addr == addr) return -EINVAL; } } if (rp->data_size > KRETPROBE_MAX_DATA_SIZE) return -E2BIG; rp->kp.pre_handler = pre_handler_kretprobe; rp->kp.post_handler = NULL; rp->kp.fault_handler = NULL; /* Pre-allocate memory for max kretprobe instances */ if (rp->maxactive <= 0) { #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPTION rp->maxactive = max_t(unsigned int, 10, 2*num_possible_cpus()); #else rp->maxactive = num_possible_cpus(); #endif } raw_spin_lock_init(&rp->lock); INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&rp->free_instances); for (i = 0; i < rp->maxactive; i++) { inst = kmalloc(sizeof(struct kretprobe_instance) + rp->data_size, GFP_KERNEL); if (inst == NULL) { free_rp_inst(rp); return -ENOMEM; } INIT_HLIST_NODE(&inst->hlist); hlist_add_head(&inst->hlist, &rp->free_instances); } rp->nmissed = 0; /* Establish function entry probe point */ ret = register_kprobe(&rp->kp); if (ret != 0) free_rp_inst(rp); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kretprobe); int register_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num) { int ret = 0, i; if (num <= 0) return -EINVAL; for (i = 0; i < num; i++) { ret = register_kretprobe(rps[i]); if (ret < 0) { if (i > 0) unregister_kretprobes(rps, i); break; } } return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kretprobes); void unregister_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp) { unregister_kretprobes(&rp, 1); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kretprobe); void unregister_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num) { int i; if (num <= 0) return; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) if (__unregister_kprobe_top(&rps[i]->kp) < 0) rps[i]->kp.addr = NULL; mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); synchronize_rcu(); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) { if (rps[i]->kp.addr) { __unregister_kprobe_bottom(&rps[i]->kp); cleanup_rp_inst(rps[i]); } } } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kretprobes); #else /* CONFIG_KRETPROBES */ int register_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp) { return -ENOSYS; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kretprobe); int register_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num) { return -ENOSYS; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kretprobes); void unregister_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp) { } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kretprobe); void unregister_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num) { } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kretprobes); static int pre_handler_kretprobe(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs) { return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(pre_handler_kretprobe); #endif /* CONFIG_KRETPROBES */ /* Set the kprobe gone and remove its instruction buffer. */ static void kill_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *kp; lockdep_assert_held(&kprobe_mutex); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(kprobe_gone(p))) return; p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_GONE; if (kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { /* * If this is an aggr_kprobe, we have to list all the * chained probes and mark them GONE. */ list_for_each_entry(kp, &p->list, list) kp->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_GONE; p->post_handler = NULL; kill_optimized_kprobe(p); } /* * Here, we can remove insn_slot safely, because no thread calls * the original probed function (which will be freed soon) any more. */ arch_remove_kprobe(p); /* * The module is going away. We should disarm the kprobe which * is using ftrace, because ftrace framework is still available at * MODULE_STATE_GOING notification. */ if (kprobe_ftrace(p) && !kprobe_disabled(p) && !kprobes_all_disarmed) disarm_kprobe_ftrace(p); } /* Disable one kprobe */ int disable_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp) { int ret = 0; struct kprobe *p; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Disable this kprobe */ p = __disable_kprobe(kp); if (IS_ERR(p)) ret = PTR_ERR(p); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(disable_kprobe); /* Enable one kprobe */ int enable_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp) { int ret = 0; struct kprobe *p; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Check whether specified probe is valid. */ p = __get_valid_kprobe(kp); if (unlikely(p == NULL)) { ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } if (kprobe_gone(kp)) { /* This kprobe has gone, we couldn't enable it. */ ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } if (p != kp) kp->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; if (!kprobes_all_disarmed && kprobe_disabled(p)) { p->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; ret = arm_kprobe(p); if (ret) p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; } out: mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(enable_kprobe); /* Caller must NOT call this in usual path. This is only for critical case */ void dump_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp) { pr_err("Dumping kprobe:\n"); pr_err("Name: %s\nOffset: %x\nAddress: %pS\n", kp->symbol_name, kp->offset, kp->addr); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(dump_kprobe); int kprobe_add_ksym_blacklist(unsigned long entry) { struct kprobe_blacklist_entry *ent; unsigned long offset = 0, size = 0; if (!kernel_text_address(entry) || !kallsyms_lookup_size_offset(entry, &size, &offset)) return -EINVAL; ent = kmalloc(sizeof(*ent), GFP_KERNEL); if (!ent) return -ENOMEM; ent->start_addr = entry; ent->end_addr = entry + size; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ent->list); list_add_tail(&ent->list, &kprobe_blacklist); return (int)size; } /* Add all symbols in given area into kprobe blacklist */ int kprobe_add_area_blacklist(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { unsigned long entry; int ret = 0; for (entry = start; entry < end; entry += ret) { ret = kprobe_add_ksym_blacklist(entry); if (ret < 0) return ret; if (ret == 0) /* In case of alias symbol */ ret = 1; } return 0; } /* Remove all symbols in given area from kprobe blacklist */ static void kprobe_remove_area_blacklist(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { struct kprobe_blacklist_entry *ent, *n; list_for_each_entry_safe(ent, n, &kprobe_blacklist, list) { if (ent->start_addr < start || ent->start_addr >= end) continue; list_del(&ent->list); kfree(ent); } } static void kprobe_remove_ksym_blacklist(unsigned long entry) { kprobe_remove_area_blacklist(entry, entry + 1); } int __weak arch_kprobe_get_kallsym(unsigned int *symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *sym) { return -ERANGE; } int kprobe_get_kallsym(unsigned int symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *sym) { #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_KPROBES_INSN_SLOT if (!kprobe_cache_get_kallsym(&kprobe_insn_slots, &symnum, value, type, sym)) return 0; #ifdef CONFIG_OPTPROBES if (!kprobe_cache_get_kallsym(&kprobe_optinsn_slots, &symnum, value, type, sym)) return 0; #endif #endif if (!arch_kprobe_get_kallsym(&symnum, value, type, sym)) return 0; return -ERANGE; } int __init __weak arch_populate_kprobe_blacklist(void) { return 0; } /* * Lookup and populate the kprobe_blacklist. * * Unlike the kretprobe blacklist, we'll need to determine * the range of addresses that belong to the said functions, * since a kprobe need not necessarily be at the beginning * of a function. */ static int __init populate_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long *start, unsigned long *end) { unsigned long entry; unsigned long *iter; int ret; for (iter = start; iter < end; iter++) { entry = arch_deref_entry_point((void *)*iter); ret = kprobe_add_ksym_blacklist(entry); if (ret == -EINVAL) continue; if (ret < 0) return ret; } /* Symbols in __kprobes_text are blacklisted */ ret = kprobe_add_area_blacklist((unsigned long)__kprobes_text_start, (unsigned long)__kprobes_text_end); if (ret) return ret; /* Symbols in noinstr section are blacklisted */ ret = kprobe_add_area_blacklist((unsigned long)__noinstr_text_start, (unsigned long)__noinstr_text_end); return ret ? : arch_populate_kprobe_blacklist(); } static void add_module_kprobe_blacklist(struct module *mod) { unsigned long start, end; int i; if (mod->kprobe_blacklist) { for (i = 0; i < mod->num_kprobe_blacklist; i++) kprobe_add_ksym_blacklist(mod->kprobe_blacklist[i]); } start = (unsigned long)mod->kprobes_text_start; if (start) { end = start + mod->kprobes_text_size; kprobe_add_area_blacklist(start, end); } start = (unsigned long)mod->noinstr_text_start; if (start) { end = start + mod->noinstr_text_size; kprobe_add_area_blacklist(start, end); } } static void remove_module_kprobe_blacklist(struct module *mod) { unsigned long start, end; int i; if (mod->kprobe_blacklist) { for (i = 0; i < mod->num_kprobe_blacklist; i++) kprobe_remove_ksym_blacklist(mod->kprobe_blacklist[i]); } start = (unsigned long)mod->kprobes_text_start; if (start) { end = start + mod->kprobes_text_size; kprobe_remove_area_blacklist(start, end); } start = (unsigned long)mod->noinstr_text_start; if (start) { end = start + mod->noinstr_text_size; kprobe_remove_area_blacklist(start, end); } } /* Module notifier call back, checking kprobes on the module */ static int kprobes_module_callback(struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned long val, void *data) { struct module *mod = data; struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i; int checkcore = (val == MODULE_STATE_GOING); if (val == MODULE_STATE_COMING) { mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); add_module_kprobe_blacklist(mod); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } if (val != MODULE_STATE_GOING && val != MODULE_STATE_LIVE) return NOTIFY_DONE; /* * When MODULE_STATE_GOING was notified, both of module .text and * .init.text sections would be freed. When MODULE_STATE_LIVE was * notified, only .init.text section would be freed. We need to * disable kprobes which have been inserted in the sections. */ mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (kprobe_gone(p)) continue; if (within_module_init((unsigned long)p->addr, mod) || (checkcore && within_module_core((unsigned long)p->addr, mod))) { /* * The vaddr this probe is installed will soon * be vfreed buy not synced to disk. Hence, * disarming the breakpoint isn't needed. * * Note, this will also move any optimized probes * that are pending to be removed from their * corresponding lists to the freeing_list and * will not be touched by the delayed * kprobe_optimizer work handler. */ kill_kprobe(p); } } } if (val == MODULE_STATE_GOING) remove_module_kprobe_blacklist(mod); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return NOTIFY_DONE; } static struct notifier_block kprobe_module_nb = { .notifier_call = kprobes_module_callback, .priority = 0 }; /* Markers of _kprobe_blacklist section */ extern unsigned long __start_kprobe_blacklist[]; extern unsigned long __stop_kprobe_blacklist[]; void kprobe_free_init_mem(void) { void *start = (void *)(&__init_begin); void *end = (void *)(&__init_end); struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; int i; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Kill all kprobes on initmem */ for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (start <= (void *)p->addr && (void *)p->addr < end) kill_kprobe(p); } } mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } static int __init init_kprobes(void) { int i, err = 0; /* FIXME allocate the probe table, currently defined statically */ /* initialize all list heads */ for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&kprobe_table[i]); INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&kretprobe_inst_table[i]); raw_spin_lock_init(&(kretprobe_table_locks[i].lock)); } err = populate_kprobe_blacklist(__start_kprobe_blacklist, __stop_kprobe_blacklist); if (err) { pr_err("kprobes: failed to populate blacklist: %d\n", err); pr_err("Please take care of using kprobes.\n"); } if (kretprobe_blacklist_size) { /* lookup the function address from its name */ for (i = 0; kretprobe_blacklist[i].name != NULL; i++) { kretprobe_blacklist[i].addr = kprobe_lookup_name(kretprobe_blacklist[i].name, 0); if (!kretprobe_blacklist[i].addr) printk("kretprobe: lookup failed: %s\n", kretprobe_blacklist[i].name); } } /* By default, kprobes are armed */ kprobes_all_disarmed = false; #if defined(CONFIG_OPTPROBES) && defined(__ARCH_WANT_KPROBES_INSN_SLOT) /* Init kprobe_optinsn_slots for allocation */ kprobe_optinsn_slots.insn_size = MAX_OPTINSN_SIZE; #endif err = arch_init_kprobes(); if (!err) err = register_die_notifier(&kprobe_exceptions_nb); if (!err) err = register_module_notifier(&kprobe_module_nb); kprobes_initialized = (err == 0); if (!err) init_test_probes(); return err; } early_initcall(init_kprobes); #if defined(CONFIG_OPTPROBES) static int __init init_optprobes(void) { /* * Enable kprobe optimization - this kicks the optimizer which * depends on synchronize_rcu_tasks() and ksoftirqd, that is * not spawned in early initcall. So delay the optimization. */ optimize_all_kprobes(); return 0; } subsys_initcall(init_optprobes); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS static void report_probe(struct seq_file *pi, struct kprobe *p, const char *sym, int offset, char *modname, struct kprobe *pp) { char *kprobe_type; void *addr = p->addr; if (p->pre_handler == pre_handler_kretprobe) kprobe_type = "r"; else kprobe_type = "k"; if (!kallsyms_show_value(pi->file->f_cred)) addr = NULL; if (sym) seq_printf(pi, "%px %s %s+0x%x %s ", addr, kprobe_type, sym, offset, (modname ? modname : " ")); else /* try to use %pS */ seq_printf(pi, "%px %s %pS ", addr, kprobe_type, p->addr); if (!pp) pp = p; seq_printf(pi, "%s%s%s%s\n", (kprobe_gone(p) ? "[GONE]" : ""), ((kprobe_disabled(p) && !kprobe_gone(p)) ? "[DISABLED]" : ""), (kprobe_optimized(pp) ? "[OPTIMIZED]" : ""), (kprobe_ftrace(pp) ? "[FTRACE]" : "")); } static void *kprobe_seq_start(struct seq_file *f, loff_t *pos) { return (*pos < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE) ? pos : NULL; } static void *kprobe_seq_next(struct seq_file *f, void *v, loff_t *pos) { (*pos)++; if (*pos >= KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE) return NULL; return pos; } static void kprobe_seq_stop(struct seq_file *f, void *v) { /* Nothing to do */ } static int show_kprobe_addr(struct seq_file *pi, void *v) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p, *kp; const char *sym = NULL; unsigned int i = *(loff_t *) v; unsigned long offset = 0; char *modname, namebuf[KSYM_NAME_LEN]; head = &kprobe_table[i]; preempt_disable(); hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(p, head, hlist) { sym = kallsyms_lookup((unsigned long)p->addr, NULL, &offset, &modname, namebuf); if (kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) report_probe(pi, kp, sym, offset, modname, p); } else report_probe(pi, p, sym, offset, modname, NULL); } preempt_enable(); return 0; } static const struct seq_operations kprobes_sops = { .start = kprobe_seq_start, .next = kprobe_seq_next, .stop = kprobe_seq_stop, .show = show_kprobe_addr }; DEFINE_SEQ_ATTRIBUTE(kprobes); /* kprobes/blacklist -- shows which functions can not be probed */ static void *kprobe_blacklist_seq_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos) { mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); return seq_list_start(&kprobe_blacklist, *pos); } static void *kprobe_blacklist_seq_next(struct seq_file *m, void *v, loff_t *pos) { return seq_list_next(v, &kprobe_blacklist, pos); } static int kprobe_blacklist_seq_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { struct kprobe_blacklist_entry *ent = list_entry(v, struct kprobe_blacklist_entry, list); /* * If /proc/kallsyms is not showing kernel address, we won't * show them here either. */ if (!kallsyms_show_value(m->file->f_cred)) seq_printf(m, "0x%px-0x%px\t%ps\n", NULL, NULL, (void *)ent->start_addr); else seq_printf(m, "0x%px-0x%px\t%ps\n", (void *)ent->start_addr, (void *)ent->end_addr, (void *)ent->start_addr); return 0; } static void kprobe_blacklist_seq_stop(struct seq_file *f, void *v) { mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } static const struct seq_operations kprobe_blacklist_sops = { .start = kprobe_blacklist_seq_start, .next = kprobe_blacklist_seq_next, .stop = kprobe_blacklist_seq_stop, .show = kprobe_blacklist_seq_show, }; DEFINE_SEQ_ATTRIBUTE(kprobe_blacklist); static int arm_all_kprobes(void) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i, total = 0, errors = 0; int err, ret = 0; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* If kprobes are armed, just return */ if (!kprobes_all_disarmed) goto already_enabled; /* * optimize_kprobe() called by arm_kprobe() checks * kprobes_all_disarmed, so set kprobes_all_disarmed before * arm_kprobe. */ kprobes_all_disarmed = false; /* Arming kprobes doesn't optimize kprobe itself */ for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; /* Arm all kprobes on a best-effort basis */ hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (!kprobe_disabled(p)) { err = arm_kprobe(p); if (err) { errors++; ret = err; } total++; } } } if (errors) pr_warn("Kprobes globally enabled, but failed to arm %d out of %d probes\n", errors, total); else pr_info("Kprobes globally enabled\n"); already_enabled: mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return ret; } static int disarm_all_kprobes(void) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i, total = 0, errors = 0; int err, ret = 0; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* If kprobes are already disarmed, just return */ if (kprobes_all_disarmed) { mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return 0; } kprobes_all_disarmed = true; for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; /* Disarm all kprobes on a best-effort basis */ hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (!arch_trampoline_kprobe(p) && !kprobe_disabled(p)) { err = disarm_kprobe(p, false); if (err) { errors++; ret = err; } total++; } } } if (errors) pr_warn("Kprobes globally disabled, but failed to disarm %d out of %d probes\n", errors, total); else pr_info("Kprobes globally disabled\n"); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Wait for disarming all kprobes by optimizer */ wait_for_kprobe_optimizer(); return ret; } /* * XXX: The debugfs bool file interface doesn't allow for callbacks * when the bool state is switched. We can reuse that facility when * available */ static ssize_t read_enabled_file_bool(struct file *file, char __user *user_buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { char buf[3]; if (!kprobes_all_disarmed) buf[0] = '1'; else buf[0] = '0'; buf[1] = '\n'; buf[2] = 0x00; return simple_read_from_buffer(user_buf, count, ppos, buf, 2); } static ssize_t write_enabled_file_bool(struct file *file, const char __user *user_buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { char buf[32]; size_t buf_size; int ret = 0; buf_size = min(count, (sizeof(buf)-1)); if (copy_from_user(buf, user_buf, buf_size)) return -EFAULT; buf[buf_size] = '\0'; switch (buf[0]) { case 'y': case 'Y': case '1': ret = arm_all_kprobes(); break; case 'n': case 'N': case '0': ret = disarm_all_kprobes(); break; default: return -EINVAL; } if (ret) return ret; return count; } static const struct file_operations fops_kp = { .read = read_enabled_file_bool, .write = write_enabled_file_bool, .llseek = default_llseek, }; static int __init debugfs_kprobe_init(void) { struct dentry *dir; dir = debugfs_create_dir("kprobes", NULL); debugfs_create_file("list", 0400, dir, NULL, &kprobes_fops); debugfs_create_file("enabled", 0600, dir, NULL, &fops_kp); debugfs_create_file("blacklist", 0400, dir, NULL, &kprobe_blacklist_fops); return 0; } late_initcall(debugfs_kprobe_init); #endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_FS */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * Copyright 2002-2005, Devicescape Software, Inc. * Copyright 2013-2014 Intel Mobile Communications GmbH * Copyright(c) 2015-2017 Intel Deutschland GmbH * Copyright(c) 2020-2021 Intel Corporation */ #ifndef STA_INFO_H #define STA_INFO_H #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/if_ether.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/average.h> #include <linux/bitfield.h> #include <linux/etherdevice.h> #include <linux/rhashtable.h> #include <linux/u64_stats_sync.h> #include "key.h" /** * enum ieee80211_sta_info_flags - Stations flags * * These flags are used with &struct sta_info's @flags member, but * only indirectly with set_sta_flag() and friends. * * @WLAN_STA_AUTH: Station is authenticated. * @WLAN_STA_ASSOC: Station is associated. * @WLAN_STA_PS_STA: Station is in power-save mode * @WLAN_STA_AUTHORIZED: Station is authorized to send/receive traffic. * This bit is always checked so needs to be enabled for all stations * when virtual port control is not in use. * @WLAN_STA_SHORT_PREAMBLE: Station is capable of receiving short-preamble * frames. * @WLAN_STA_WDS: Station is one of our WDS peers. * @WLAN_STA_CLEAR_PS_FILT: Clear PS filter in hardware (using the * IEEE80211_TX_CTL_CLEAR_PS_FILT control flag) when the next * frame to this station is transmitted. * @WLAN_STA_MFP: Management frame protection is used with this STA. * @WLAN_STA_BLOCK_BA: Used to deny ADDBA requests (both TX and RX) * during suspend/resume and station removal. * @WLAN_STA_PS_DRIVER: driver requires keeping this station in * power-save mode logically to flush frames that might still * be in the queues * @WLAN_STA_PSPOLL: Station sent PS-poll while driver was keeping * station in power-save mode, reply when the driver unblocks. * @WLAN_STA_TDLS_PEER: Station is a TDLS peer. * @WLAN_STA_TDLS_PEER_AUTH: This TDLS peer is authorized to send direct * packets. This means the link is enabled. * @WLAN_STA_TDLS_INITIATOR: We are the initiator of the TDLS link with this * station. * @WLAN_STA_TDLS_CHAN_SWITCH: This TDLS peer supports TDLS channel-switching * @WLAN_STA_TDLS_OFF_CHANNEL: The local STA is currently off-channel with this * TDLS peer * @WLAN_STA_TDLS_WIDER_BW: This TDLS peer supports working on a wider bw on * the BSS base channel. * @WLAN_STA_UAPSD: Station requested unscheduled SP while driver was * keeping station in power-save mode, reply when the driver * unblocks the station. * @WLAN_STA_SP: Station is in a service period, so don't try to * reply to other uAPSD trigger frames or PS-Poll. * @WLAN_STA_4ADDR_EVENT: 4-addr event was already sent for this frame. * @WLAN_STA_INSERTED: This station is inserted into the hash table. * @WLAN_STA_RATE_CONTROL: rate control was initialized for this station. * @WLAN_STA_TOFFSET_KNOWN: toffset calculated for this station is valid. * @WLAN_STA_MPSP_OWNER: local STA is owner of a mesh Peer Service Period. * @WLAN_STA_MPSP_RECIPIENT: local STA is recipient of a MPSP. * @WLAN_STA_PS_DELIVER: station woke up, but we're still blocking TX * until pending frames are delivered * @WLAN_STA_USES_ENCRYPTION: This station was configured for encryption, * so drop all packets without a key later. * * @NUM_WLAN_STA_FLAGS: number of defined flags */ enum ieee80211_sta_info_flags { WLAN_STA_AUTH, WLAN_STA_ASSOC, WLAN_STA_PS_STA, WLAN_STA_AUTHORIZED, WLAN_STA_SHORT_PREAMBLE, WLAN_STA_WDS, WLAN_STA_CLEAR_PS_FILT, WLAN_STA_MFP, WLAN_STA_BLOCK_BA, WLAN_STA_PS_DRIVER, WLAN_STA_PSPOLL, WLAN_STA_TDLS_PEER, WLAN_STA_TDLS_PEER_AUTH, WLAN_STA_TDLS_INITIATOR, WLAN_STA_TDLS_CHAN_SWITCH, WLAN_STA_TDLS_OFF_CHANNEL, WLAN_STA_TDLS_WIDER_BW, WLAN_STA_UAPSD, WLAN_STA_SP, WLAN_STA_4ADDR_EVENT, WLAN_STA_INSERTED, WLAN_STA_RATE_CONTROL, WLAN_STA_TOFFSET_KNOWN, WLAN_STA_MPSP_OWNER, WLAN_STA_MPSP_RECIPIENT, WLAN_STA_PS_DELIVER, WLAN_STA_USES_ENCRYPTION, NUM_WLAN_STA_FLAGS, }; #define ADDBA_RESP_INTERVAL HZ #define HT_AGG_MAX_RETRIES 15 #define HT_AGG_BURST_RETRIES 3 #define HT_AGG_RETRIES_PERIOD (15 * HZ) #define HT_AGG_STATE_DRV_READY 0 #define HT_AGG_STATE_RESPONSE_RECEIVED 1 #define HT_AGG_STATE_OPERATIONAL 2 #define HT_AGG_STATE_STOPPING 3 #define HT_AGG_STATE_WANT_START 4 #define HT_AGG_STATE_WANT_STOP 5 #define HT_AGG_STATE_START_CB 6 #define HT_AGG_STATE_STOP_CB 7 #define HT_AGG_STATE_SENT_ADDBA 8 DECLARE_EWMA(avg_signal, 10, 8) enum ieee80211_agg_stop_reason { AGG_STOP_DECLINED, AGG_STOP_LOCAL_REQUEST, AGG_STOP_PEER_REQUEST, AGG_STOP_DESTROY_STA, }; /* Debugfs flags to enable/disable use of RX/TX airtime in scheduler */ #define AIRTIME_USE_TX BIT(0) #define AIRTIME_USE_RX BIT(1) struct airtime_info { u64 rx_airtime; u64 tx_airtime; s64 deficit; atomic_t aql_tx_pending; /* Estimated airtime for frames pending */ u32 aql_limit_low; u32 aql_limit_high; }; void ieee80211_sta_update_pending_airtime(struct ieee80211_local *local, struct sta_info *sta, u8 ac, u16 tx_airtime, bool tx_completed); struct sta_info; /** * struct tid_ampdu_tx - TID aggregation information (Tx). * * @rcu_head: rcu head for freeing structure * @session_timer: check if we keep Tx-ing on the TID (by timeout value) * @addba_resp_timer: timer for peer's response to addba request * @pending: pending frames queue -- use sta's spinlock to protect * @sta: station we are attached to * @dialog_token: dialog token for aggregation session * @timeout: session timeout value to be filled in ADDBA requests * @tid: TID number * @state: session state (see above) * @last_tx: jiffies of last tx activity * @stop_initiator: initiator of a session stop * @tx_stop: TX DelBA frame when stopping * @buf_size: reorder buffer size at receiver * @failed_bar_ssn: ssn of the last failed BAR tx attempt * @bar_pending: BAR needs to be re-sent * @amsdu: support A-MSDU withing A-MDPU * * This structure's lifetime is managed by RCU, assignments to * the array holding it must hold the aggregation mutex. * * The TX path can access it under RCU lock-free if, and * only if, the state has the flag %HT_AGG_STATE_OPERATIONAL * set. Otherwise, the TX path must also acquire the spinlock * and re-check the state, see comments in the tx code * touching it. */ struct tid_ampdu_tx { struct rcu_head rcu_head; struct timer_list session_timer; struct timer_list addba_resp_timer; struct sk_buff_head pending; struct sta_info *sta; unsigned long state; unsigned long last_tx; u16 timeout; u8 dialog_token; u8 stop_initiator; bool tx_stop; u16 buf_size; u16 ssn; u16 failed_bar_ssn; bool bar_pending; bool amsdu; u8 tid; }; /** * struct tid_ampdu_rx - TID aggregation information (Rx). * * @reorder_buf: buffer to reorder incoming aggregated MPDUs. An MPDU may be an * A-MSDU with individually reported subframes. * @reorder_buf_filtered: bitmap indicating where there are filtered frames in * the reorder buffer that should be ignored when releasing frames * @reorder_time: jiffies when skb was added * @session_timer: check if peer keeps Tx-ing on the TID (by timeout value) * @reorder_timer: releases expired frames from the reorder buffer. * @sta: station we are attached to * @last_rx: jiffies of last rx activity * @head_seq_num: head sequence number in reordering buffer. * @stored_mpdu_num: number of MPDUs in reordering buffer * @ssn: Starting Sequence Number expected to be aggregated. * @buf_size: buffer size for incoming A-MPDUs * @timeout: reset timer value (in TUs). * @tid: TID number * @rcu_head: RCU head used for freeing this struct * @reorder_lock: serializes access to reorder buffer, see below. * @auto_seq: used for offloaded BA sessions to automatically pick head_seq_and * and ssn. * @removed: this session is removed (but might have been found due to RCU) * @started: this session has started (head ssn or higher was received) * * This structure's lifetime is managed by RCU, assignments to * the array holding it must hold the aggregation mutex. * * The @reorder_lock is used to protect the members of this * struct, except for @timeout, @buf_size and @dialog_token, * which are constant across the lifetime of the struct (the * dialog token being used only for debugging). */ struct tid_ampdu_rx { struct rcu_head rcu_head; spinlock_t reorder_lock; u64 reorder_buf_filtered; struct sk_buff_head *reorder_buf; unsigned long *reorder_time; struct sta_info *sta; struct timer_list session_timer; struct timer_list reorder_timer; unsigned long last_rx; u16 head_seq_num; u16 stored_mpdu_num; u16 ssn; u16 buf_size; u16 timeout; u8 tid; u8 auto_seq:1, removed:1, started:1; }; /** * struct sta_ampdu_mlme - STA aggregation information. * * @mtx: mutex to protect all TX data (except non-NULL assignments * to tid_tx[idx], which are protected by the sta spinlock) * tid_start_tx is also protected by sta->lock. * @tid_rx: aggregation info for Rx per TID -- RCU protected * @tid_rx_token: dialog tokens for valid aggregation sessions * @tid_rx_timer_expired: bitmap indicating on which TIDs the * RX timer expired until the work for it runs * @tid_rx_stop_requested: bitmap indicating which BA sessions per TID the * driver requested to close until the work for it runs * @tid_rx_manage_offl: bitmap indicating which BA sessions were requested * to be treated as started/stopped due to offloading * @agg_session_valid: bitmap indicating which TID has a rx BA session open on * @unexpected_agg: bitmap indicating which TID already sent a delBA due to * unexpected aggregation related frames outside a session * @work: work struct for starting/stopping aggregation * @tid_tx: aggregation info for Tx per TID * @tid_start_tx: sessions where start was requested * @last_addba_req_time: timestamp of the last addBA request. * @addba_req_num: number of times addBA request has been sent. * @dialog_token_allocator: dialog token enumerator for each new session; */ struct sta_ampdu_mlme { struct mutex mtx; /* rx */ struct tid_ampdu_rx __rcu *tid_rx[IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS]; u8 tid_rx_token[IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS]; unsigned long tid_rx_timer_expired[BITS_TO_LONGS(IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS)]; unsigned long tid_rx_stop_requested[BITS_TO_LONGS(IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS)]; unsigned long tid_rx_manage_offl[BITS_TO_LONGS(2 * IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS)]; unsigned long agg_session_valid[BITS_TO_LONGS(IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS)]; unsigned long unexpected_agg[BITS_TO_LONGS(IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS)]; /* tx */ struct work_struct work; struct tid_ampdu_tx __rcu *tid_tx[IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS]; struct tid_ampdu_tx *tid_start_tx[IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS]; unsigned long last_addba_req_time[IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS]; u8 addba_req_num[IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS]; u8 dialog_token_allocator; }; /* Value to indicate no TID reservation */ #define IEEE80211_TID_UNRESERVED 0xff #define IEEE80211_FAST_XMIT_MAX_IV 18 /** * struct ieee80211_fast_tx - TX fastpath information * @key: key to use for hw crypto * @hdr: the 802.11 header to put with the frame * @hdr_len: actual 802.11 header length * @sa_offs: offset of the SA * @da_offs: offset of the DA * @pn_offs: offset where to put PN for crypto (or 0 if not needed) * @band: band this will be transmitted on, for tx_info * @rcu_head: RCU head to free this struct * * This struct is small enough so that the common case (maximum crypto * header length of 8 like for CCMP/GCMP) fits into a single 64-byte * cache line. */ struct ieee80211_fast_tx { struct ieee80211_key *key; u8 hdr_len; u8 sa_offs, da_offs, pn_offs; u8 band; u8 hdr[30 + 2 + IEEE80211_FAST_XMIT_MAX_IV + sizeof(rfc1042_header)] __aligned(2); struct rcu_head rcu_head; }; /** * struct ieee80211_fast_rx - RX fastpath information * @dev: netdevice for reporting the SKB * @vif_type: (P2P-less) interface type of the original sdata (sdata->vif.type) * @vif_addr: interface address * @rfc1042_hdr: copy of the RFC 1042 SNAP header (to have in cache) * @control_port_protocol: control port protocol copied from sdata * @expected_ds_bits: from/to DS bits expected * @icv_len: length of the MIC if present * @key: bool indicating encryption is expected (key is set) * @internal_forward: forward froms internally on AP/VLAN type interfaces * @uses_rss: copy of USES_RSS hw flag * @da_offs: offset of the DA in the header (for header conversion) * @sa_offs: offset of the SA in the header (for header conversion) * @rcu_head: RCU head for freeing this structure */ struct ieee80211_fast_rx { struct net_device *dev; enum nl80211_iftype vif_type; u8 vif_addr[ETH_ALEN] __aligned(2); u8 rfc1042_hdr[6] __aligned(2); __be16 control_port_protocol; __le16 expected_ds_bits; u8 icv_len; u8 key:1, internal_forward:1, uses_rss:1; u8 da_offs, sa_offs; struct rcu_head rcu_head; }; /* we use only values in the range 0-100, so pick a large precision */ DECLARE_EWMA(mesh_fail_avg, 20, 8) DECLARE_EWMA(mesh_tx_rate_avg, 8, 16) /** * struct mesh_sta - mesh STA information * @plink_lock: serialize access to plink fields * @llid: Local link ID * @plid: Peer link ID * @aid: local aid supplied by peer * @reason: Cancel reason on PLINK_HOLDING state * @plink_retries: Retries in establishment * @plink_state: peer link state * @plink_timeout: timeout of peer link * @plink_timer: peer link watch timer * @plink_sta: peer link watch timer's sta_info * @t_offset: timing offset relative to this host * @t_offset_setpoint: reference timing offset of this sta to be used when * calculating clockdrift * @local_pm: local link-specific power save mode * @peer_pm: peer-specific power save mode towards local STA * @nonpeer_pm: STA power save mode towards non-peer neighbors * @processed_beacon: set to true after peer rates and capabilities are * processed * @connected_to_gate: true if mesh STA has a path to a mesh gate * @connected_to_as: true if mesh STA has a path to a authentication server * @fail_avg: moving percentage of failed MSDUs * @tx_rate_avg: moving average of tx bitrate */ struct mesh_sta { struct timer_list plink_timer; struct sta_info *plink_sta; s64 t_offset; s64 t_offset_setpoint; spinlock_t plink_lock; u16 llid; u16 plid; u16 aid; u16 reason; u8 plink_retries; bool processed_beacon; bool connected_to_gate; bool connected_to_as; enum nl80211_plink_state plink_state; u32 plink_timeout; /* mesh power save */ enum nl80211_mesh_power_mode local_pm; enum nl80211_mesh_power_mode peer_pm; enum nl80211_mesh_power_mode nonpeer_pm; /* moving percentage of failed MSDUs */ struct ewma_mesh_fail_avg fail_avg; /* moving average of tx bitrate */ struct ewma_mesh_tx_rate_avg tx_rate_avg; }; DECLARE_EWMA(signal, 10, 8) struct ieee80211_sta_rx_stats { unsigned long packets; unsigned long last_rx; unsigned long num_duplicates; unsigned long fragments; unsigned long dropped; int last_signal; u8 chains; s8 chain_signal_last[IEEE80211_MAX_CHAINS]; u32 last_rate; struct u64_stats_sync syncp; u64 bytes; u64 msdu[IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS + 1]; }; /* * IEEE 802.11-2016 (10.6 "Defragmentation") recommends support for "concurrent * reception of at least one MSDU per access category per associated STA" * on APs, or "at least one MSDU per access category" on other interface types. * * This limit can be increased by changing this define, at the cost of slower * frame reassembly and increased memory use while fragments are pending. */ #define IEEE80211_FRAGMENT_MAX 4 struct ieee80211_fragment_entry { struct sk_buff_head skb_list; unsigned long first_frag_time; u16 seq; u16 extra_len; u16 last_frag; u8 rx_queue; u8 check_sequential_pn:1, /* needed for CCMP/GCMP */ is_protected:1; u8 last_pn[6]; /* PN of the last fragment if CCMP was used */ unsigned int key_color; }; struct ieee80211_fragment_cache { struct ieee80211_fragment_entry entries[IEEE80211_FRAGMENT_MAX]; unsigned int next; }; /* * The bandwidth threshold below which the per-station CoDel parameters will be * scaled to be more lenient (to prevent starvation of slow stations). This * value will be scaled by the number of active stations when it is being * applied. */ #define STA_SLOW_THRESHOLD 6000 /* 6 Mbps */ /** * struct sta_info - STA information * * This structure collects information about a station that * mac80211 is communicating with. * * @list: global linked list entry * @free_list: list entry for keeping track of stations to free * @hash_node: hash node for rhashtable * @addr: station's MAC address - duplicated from public part to * let the hash table work with just a single cacheline * @local: pointer to the global information * @sdata: virtual interface this station belongs to * @ptk: peer keys negotiated with this station, if any * @ptk_idx: last installed peer key index * @gtk: group keys negotiated with this station, if any * @rate_ctrl: rate control algorithm reference * @rate_ctrl_lock: spinlock used to protect rate control data * (data inside the algorithm, so serializes calls there) * @rate_ctrl_priv: rate control private per-STA pointer * @lock: used for locking all fields that require locking, see comments * in the header file. * @drv_deliver_wk: used for delivering frames after driver PS unblocking * @listen_interval: listen interval of this station, when we're acting as AP * @_flags: STA flags, see &enum ieee80211_sta_info_flags, do not use directly * @ps_lock: used for powersave (when mac80211 is the AP) related locking * @ps_tx_buf: buffers (per AC) of frames to transmit to this station * when it leaves power saving state or polls * @tx_filtered: buffers (per AC) of frames we already tried to * transmit but were filtered by hardware due to STA having * entered power saving state, these are also delivered to * the station when it leaves powersave or polls for frames * @driver_buffered_tids: bitmap of TIDs the driver has data buffered on * @txq_buffered_tids: bitmap of TIDs that mac80211 has txq data buffered on * @assoc_at: clock boottime (in ns) of last association * @last_connected: time (in seconds) when a station got connected * @last_seq_ctrl: last received seq/frag number from this STA (per TID * plus one for non-QoS frames) * @tid_seq: per-TID sequence numbers for sending to this STA * @airtime: per-AC struct airtime_info describing airtime statistics for this * station * @airtime_weight: station weight for airtime fairness calculation purposes * @ampdu_mlme: A-MPDU state machine state * @mesh: mesh STA information * @debugfs_dir: debug filesystem directory dentry * @dead: set to true when sta is unlinked * @removed: set to true when sta is being removed from sta_list * @uploaded: set to true when sta is uploaded to the driver * @sta: station information we share with the driver * @sta_state: duplicates information about station state (for debug) * @rcu_head: RCU head used for freeing this station struct * @cur_max_bandwidth: maximum bandwidth to use for TX to the station, * taken from HT/VHT capabilities or VHT operating mode notification * @known_smps_mode: the smps_mode the client thinks we are in. Relevant for * AP only. * @cipher_scheme: optional cipher scheme for this station * @cparams: CoDel parameters for this station. * @reserved_tid: reserved TID (if any, otherwise IEEE80211_TID_UNRESERVED) * @fast_tx: TX fastpath information * @fast_rx: RX fastpath information * @tdls_chandef: a TDLS peer can have a wider chandef that is compatible to * the BSS one. * @tx_stats: TX statistics * @tx_stats.packets: # of packets transmitted * @tx_stats.bytes: # of bytes in all packets transmitted * @tx_stats.last_rate: last TX rate * @tx_stats.msdu: # of transmitted MSDUs per TID * @rx_stats: RX statistics * @rx_stats_avg: averaged RX statistics * @rx_stats_avg.signal: averaged signal * @rx_stats_avg.chain_signal: averaged per-chain signal * @pcpu_rx_stats: per-CPU RX statistics, assigned only if the driver needs * this (by advertising the USES_RSS hw flag) * @status_stats: TX status statistics * @status_stats.filtered: # of filtered frames * @status_stats.retry_failed: # of frames that failed after retry * @status_stats.retry_count: # of retries attempted * @status_stats.lost_packets: # of lost packets * @status_stats.last_pkt_time: timestamp of last ACKed packet * @status_stats.msdu_retries: # of MSDU retries * @status_stats.msdu_failed: # of failed MSDUs * @status_stats.last_ack: last ack timestamp (jiffies) * @status_stats.last_ack_signal: last ACK signal * @status_stats.ack_signal_filled: last ACK signal validity * @status_stats.avg_ack_signal: average ACK signal * @frags: fragment cache */ struct sta_info { /* General information, mostly static */ struct list_head list, free_list; struct rcu_head rcu_head; struct rhlist_head hash_node; u8 addr[ETH_ALEN]; struct ieee80211_local *local; struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata; struct ieee80211_key __rcu *gtk[NUM_DEFAULT_KEYS + NUM_DEFAULT_MGMT_KEYS + NUM_DEFAULT_BEACON_KEYS]; struct ieee80211_key __rcu *ptk[NUM_DEFAULT_KEYS]; u8 ptk_idx; struct rate_control_ref *rate_ctrl; void *rate_ctrl_priv; spinlock_t rate_ctrl_lock; spinlock_t lock; struct ieee80211_fast_tx __rcu *fast_tx; struct ieee80211_fast_rx __rcu *fast_rx; struct ieee80211_sta_rx_stats __percpu *pcpu_rx_stats; #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_MESH struct mesh_sta *mesh; #endif struct work_struct drv_deliver_wk; u16 listen_interval; bool dead; bool removed; bool uploaded; enum ieee80211_sta_state sta_state; /* use the accessors defined below */ unsigned long _flags; /* STA powersave lock and frame queues */ spinlock_t ps_lock; struct sk_buff_head ps_tx_buf[IEEE80211_NUM_ACS]; struct sk_buff_head tx_filtered[IEEE80211_NUM_ACS]; unsigned long driver_buffered_tids; unsigned long txq_buffered_tids; u64 assoc_at; long last_connected; /* Updated from RX path only, no locking requirements */ struct ieee80211_sta_rx_stats rx_stats; struct { struct ewma_signal signal; struct ewma_signal chain_signal[IEEE80211_MAX_CHAINS]; } rx_stats_avg; /* Plus 1 for non-QoS frames */ __le16 last_seq_ctrl[IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS + 1]; /* Updated from TX status path only, no locking requirements */ struct { unsigned long filtered; unsigned long retry_failed, retry_count; unsigned int lost_packets; unsigned long last_pkt_time; u64 msdu_retries[IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS + 1]; u64 msdu_failed[IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS + 1]; unsigned long last_ack; s8 last_ack_signal; bool ack_signal_filled; struct ewma_avg_signal avg_ack_signal; } status_stats; /* Updated from TX path only, no locking requirements */ struct { u64 packets[IEEE80211_NUM_ACS]; u64 bytes[IEEE80211_NUM_ACS]; struct ieee80211_tx_rate last_rate; struct rate_info last_rate_info; u64 msdu[IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS + 1]; } tx_stats; u16 tid_seq[IEEE80211_QOS_CTL_TID_MASK + 1]; struct airtime_info airtime[IEEE80211_NUM_ACS]; u16 airtime_weight; /* * Aggregation information, locked with lock. */ struct sta_ampdu_mlme ampdu_mlme; #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_DEBUGFS struct dentry *debugfs_dir; #endif enum ieee80211_sta_rx_bandwidth cur_max_bandwidth; enum ieee80211_smps_mode known_smps_mode; const struct ieee80211_cipher_scheme *cipher_scheme; struct codel_params cparams; u8 reserved_tid; struct cfg80211_chan_def tdls_chandef; struct ieee80211_fragment_cache frags; /* keep last! */ struct ieee80211_sta sta; }; static inline enum nl80211_plink_state sta_plink_state(struct sta_info *sta) { #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_MESH return sta->mesh->plink_state; #endif return NL80211_PLINK_LISTEN; } static inline void set_sta_flag(struct sta_info *sta, enum ieee80211_sta_info_flags flag) { WARN_ON(flag == WLAN_STA_AUTH || flag == WLAN_STA_ASSOC || flag == WLAN_STA_AUTHORIZED); set_bit(flag, &sta->_flags); } static inline void clear_sta_flag(struct sta_info *sta, enum ieee80211_sta_info_flags flag) { WARN_ON(flag == WLAN_STA_AUTH || flag == WLAN_STA_ASSOC || flag == WLAN_STA_AUTHORIZED); clear_bit(flag, &sta->_flags); } static inline int test_sta_flag(struct sta_info *sta, enum ieee80211_sta_info_flags flag) { return test_bit(flag, &sta->_flags); } static inline int test_and_clear_sta_flag(struct sta_info *sta, enum ieee80211_sta_info_flags flag) { WARN_ON(flag == WLAN_STA_AUTH || flag == WLAN_STA_ASSOC || flag == WLAN_STA_AUTHORIZED); return test_and_clear_bit(flag, &sta->_flags); } static inline int test_and_set_sta_flag(struct sta_info *sta, enum ieee80211_sta_info_flags flag) { WARN_ON(flag == WLAN_STA_AUTH || flag == WLAN_STA_ASSOC || flag == WLAN_STA_AUTHORIZED); return test_and_set_bit(flag, &sta->_flags); } int sta_info_move_state(struct sta_info *sta, enum ieee80211_sta_state new_state); static inline void sta_info_pre_move_state(struct sta_info *sta, enum ieee80211_sta_state new_state) { int ret; WARN_ON_ONCE(test_sta_flag(sta, WLAN_STA_INSERTED)); ret = sta_info_move_state(sta, new_state); WARN_ON_ONCE(ret); } void ieee80211_assign_tid_tx(struct sta_info *sta, int tid, struct tid_ampdu_tx *tid_tx); static inline struct tid_ampdu_tx * rcu_dereference_protected_tid_tx(struct sta_info *sta, int tid) { return rcu_dereference_protected(sta->ampdu_mlme.tid_tx[tid], lockdep_is_held(&sta->lock) || lockdep_is_held(&sta->ampdu_mlme.mtx)); } /* Maximum number of frames to buffer per power saving station per AC */ #define STA_MAX_TX_BUFFER 64 /* Minimum buffered frame expiry time. If STA uses listen interval that is * smaller than this value, the minimum value here is used instead. */ #define STA_TX_BUFFER_EXPIRE (10 * HZ) /* How often station data is cleaned up (e.g., expiration of buffered frames) */ #define STA_INFO_CLEANUP_INTERVAL (10 * HZ) struct rhlist_head *sta_info_hash_lookup(struct ieee80211_local *local, const u8 *addr); /* * Get a STA info, must be under RCU read lock. */ struct sta_info *sta_info_get(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata, const u8 *addr); struct sta_info *sta_info_get_bss(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata, const u8 *addr); /* user must hold sta_mtx or be in RCU critical section */ struct sta_info *sta_info_get_by_addrs(struct ieee80211_local *local, const u8 *sta_addr, const u8 *vif_addr); #define for_each_sta_info(local, _addr, _sta, _tmp) \ rhl_for_each_entry_rcu(_sta, _tmp, \ sta_info_hash_lookup(local, _addr), hash_node) /* * Get STA info by index, BROKEN! */ struct sta_info *sta_info_get_by_idx(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata, int idx); /* * Create a new STA info, caller owns returned structure * until sta_info_insert(). */ struct sta_info *sta_info_alloc(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata, const u8 *addr, gfp_t gfp); void sta_info_free(struct ieee80211_local *local, struct sta_info *sta); /* * Insert STA info into hash table/list, returns zero or a * -EEXIST if (if the same MAC address is already present). * * Calling the non-rcu version makes the caller relinquish, * the _rcu version calls read_lock_rcu() and must be called * without it held. */ int sta_info_insert(struct sta_info *sta); int sta_info_insert_rcu(struct sta_info *sta) __acquires(RCU); int __must_check __sta_info_destroy(struct sta_info *sta); int sta_info_destroy_addr(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata, const u8 *addr); int sta_info_destroy_addr_bss(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata, const u8 *addr); void sta_info_recalc_tim(struct sta_info *sta); int sta_info_init(struct ieee80211_local *local); void sta_info_stop(struct ieee80211_local *local); /** * __sta_info_flush - flush matching STA entries from the STA table * * Returns the number of removed STA entries. * * @sdata: sdata to remove all stations from * @vlans: if the given interface is an AP interface, also flush VLANs */ int __sta_info_flush(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata, bool vlans); /** * sta_info_flush - flush matching STA entries from the STA table * * Returns the number of removed STA entries. * * @sdata: sdata to remove all stations from */ static inline int sta_info_flush(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata) { return __sta_info_flush(sdata, false); } void sta_set_rate_info_tx(struct sta_info *sta, const struct ieee80211_tx_rate *rate, struct rate_info *rinfo); void sta_set_sinfo(struct sta_info *sta, struct station_info *sinfo, bool tidstats); u32 sta_get_expected_throughput(struct sta_info *sta); void ieee80211_sta_expire(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata, unsigned long exp_time); u8 sta_info_tx_streams(struct sta_info *sta); void ieee80211_sta_ps_deliver_wakeup(struct sta_info *sta); void ieee80211_sta_ps_deliver_poll_response(struct sta_info *sta); void ieee80211_sta_ps_deliver_uapsd(struct sta_info *sta); unsigned long ieee80211_sta_last_active(struct sta_info *sta); enum sta_stats_type { STA_STATS_RATE_TYPE_INVALID = 0, STA_STATS_RATE_TYPE_LEGACY, STA_STATS_RATE_TYPE_HT, STA_STATS_RATE_TYPE_VHT, STA_STATS_RATE_TYPE_HE, STA_STATS_RATE_TYPE_S1G, }; #define STA_STATS_FIELD_HT_MCS GENMASK( 7, 0) #define STA_STATS_FIELD_LEGACY_IDX GENMASK( 3, 0) #define STA_STATS_FIELD_LEGACY_BAND GENMASK( 7, 4) #define STA_STATS_FIELD_VHT_MCS GENMASK( 3, 0) #define STA_STATS_FIELD_VHT_NSS GENMASK( 7, 4) #define STA_STATS_FIELD_HE_MCS GENMASK( 3, 0) #define STA_STATS_FIELD_HE_NSS GENMASK( 7, 4) #define STA_STATS_FIELD_BW GENMASK(11, 8) #define STA_STATS_FIELD_SGI GENMASK(12, 12) #define STA_STATS_FIELD_TYPE GENMASK(15, 13) #define STA_STATS_FIELD_HE_RU GENMASK(18, 16) #define STA_STATS_FIELD_HE_GI GENMASK(20, 19) #define STA_STATS_FIELD_HE_DCM GENMASK(21, 21) #define STA_STATS_FIELD(_n, _v) FIELD_PREP(STA_STATS_FIELD_ ## _n, _v) #define STA_STATS_GET(_n, _v) FIELD_GET(STA_STATS_FIELD_ ## _n, _v) #define STA_STATS_RATE_INVALID 0 static inline u32 sta_stats_encode_rate(struct ieee80211_rx_status *s) { u32 r; r = STA_STATS_FIELD(BW, s->bw); if (s->enc_flags & RX_ENC_FLAG_SHORT_GI) r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(SGI, 1); switch (s->encoding) { case RX_ENC_VHT: r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(TYPE, STA_STATS_RATE_TYPE_VHT); r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(VHT_NSS, s->nss); r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(VHT_MCS, s->rate_idx); break; case RX_ENC_HT: r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(TYPE, STA_STATS_RATE_TYPE_HT); r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(HT_MCS, s->rate_idx); break; case RX_ENC_LEGACY: r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(TYPE, STA_STATS_RATE_TYPE_LEGACY); r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(LEGACY_BAND, s->band); r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(LEGACY_IDX, s->rate_idx); break; case RX_ENC_HE: r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(TYPE, STA_STATS_RATE_TYPE_HE); r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(HE_NSS, s->nss); r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(HE_MCS, s->rate_idx); r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(HE_GI, s->he_gi); r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(HE_RU, s->he_ru); r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(HE_DCM, s->he_dcm); break; default: WARN_ON(1); return STA_STATS_RATE_INVALID; } return r; } #endif /* STA_INFO_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_NODEMASK_H #define __LINUX_NODEMASK_H /* * Nodemasks provide a bitmap suitable for representing the * set of Node's in a system, one bit position per Node number. * * See detailed comments in the file linux/bitmap.h describing the * data type on which these nodemasks are based. * * For details of nodemask_parse_user(), see bitmap_parse_user() in * lib/bitmap.c. For details of nodelist_parse(), see bitmap_parselist(), * also in bitmap.c. For details of node_remap(), see bitmap_bitremap in * lib/bitmap.c. For details of nodes_remap(), see bitmap_remap in * lib/bitmap.c. For details of nodes_onto(), see bitmap_onto in * lib/bitmap.c. For details of nodes_fold(), see bitmap_fold in * lib/bitmap.c. * * The available nodemask operations are: * * void node_set(node, mask) turn on bit 'node' in mask * void node_clear(node, mask) turn off bit 'node' in mask * void nodes_setall(mask) set all bits * void nodes_clear(mask) clear all bits * int node_isset(node, mask) true iff bit 'node' set in mask * int node_test_and_set(node, mask) test and set bit 'node' in mask * * void nodes_and(dst, src1, src2) dst = src1 & src2 [intersection] * void nodes_or(dst, src1, src2) dst = src1 | src2 [union] * void nodes_xor(dst, src1, src2) dst = src1 ^ src2 * void nodes_andnot(dst, src1, src2) dst = src1 & ~src2 * void nodes_complement(dst, src) dst = ~src * * int nodes_equal(mask1, mask2) Does mask1 == mask2? * int nodes_intersects(mask1, mask2) Do mask1 and mask2 intersect? * int nodes_subset(mask1, mask2) Is mask1 a subset of mask2? * int nodes_empty(mask) Is mask empty (no bits sets)? * int nodes_full(mask) Is mask full (all bits sets)? * int nodes_weight(mask) Hamming weight - number of set bits * * void nodes_shift_right(dst, src, n) Shift right * void nodes_shift_left(dst, src, n) Shift left * * int first_node(mask) Number lowest set bit, or MAX_NUMNODES * int next_node(node, mask) Next node past 'node', or MAX_NUMNODES * int next_node_in(node, mask) Next node past 'node', or wrap to first, * or MAX_NUMNODES * int first_unset_node(mask) First node not set in mask, or * MAX_NUMNODES * * nodemask_t nodemask_of_node(node) Return nodemask with bit 'node' set * NODE_MASK_ALL Initializer - all bits set * NODE_MASK_NONE Initializer - no bits set * unsigned long *nodes_addr(mask) Array of unsigned long's in mask * * int nodemask_parse_user(ubuf, ulen, mask) Parse ascii string as nodemask * int nodelist_parse(buf, map) Parse ascii string as nodelist * int node_remap(oldbit, old, new) newbit = map(old, new)(oldbit) * void nodes_remap(dst, src, old, new) *dst = map(old, new)(src) * void nodes_onto(dst, orig, relmap) *dst = orig relative to relmap * void nodes_fold(dst, orig, sz) dst bits = orig bits mod sz * * for_each_node_mask(node, mask) for-loop node over mask * * int num_online_nodes() Number of online Nodes * int num_possible_nodes() Number of all possible Nodes * * int node_random(mask) Random node with set bit in mask * * int node_online(node) Is some node online? * int node_possible(node) Is some node possible? * * node_set_online(node) set bit 'node' in node_online_map * node_set_offline(node) clear bit 'node' in node_online_map * * for_each_node(node) for-loop node over node_possible_map * for_each_online_node(node) for-loop node over node_online_map * * Subtlety: * 1) The 'type-checked' form of node_isset() causes gcc (3.3.2, anyway) * to generate slightly worse code. So use a simple one-line #define * for node_isset(), instead of wrapping an inline inside a macro, the * way we do the other calls. * * NODEMASK_SCRATCH * When doing above logical AND, OR, XOR, Remap operations the callers tend to * need temporary nodemask_t's on the stack. But if NODES_SHIFT is large, * nodemask_t's consume too much stack space. NODEMASK_SCRATCH is a helper * for such situations. See below and CPUMASK_ALLOC also. */ #include <linux/threads.h> #include <linux/bitmap.h> #include <linux/minmax.h> #include <linux/numa.h> typedef struct { DECLARE_BITMAP(bits, MAX_NUMNODES); } nodemask_t; extern nodemask_t _unused_nodemask_arg_; /** * nodemask_pr_args - printf args to output a nodemask * @maskp: nodemask to be printed * * Can be used to provide arguments for '%*pb[l]' when printing a nodemask. */ #define nodemask_pr_args(maskp) __nodemask_pr_numnodes(maskp), \ __nodemask_pr_bits(maskp) static inline unsigned int __nodemask_pr_numnodes(const nodemask_t *m) { return m ? MAX_NUMNODES : 0; } static inline const unsigned long *__nodemask_pr_bits(const nodemask_t *m) { return m ? m->bits : NULL; } /* * The inline keyword gives the compiler room to decide to inline, or * not inline a function as it sees best. However, as these functions * are called in both __init and non-__init functions, if they are not * inlined we will end up with a section mis-match error (of the type of * freeable items not being freed). So we must use __always_inline here * to fix the problem. If other functions in the future also end up in * this situation they will also need to be annotated as __always_inline */ #define node_set(node, dst) __node_set((node), &(dst)) static __always_inline void __node_set(int node, volatile nodemask_t *dstp) { set_bit(node, dstp->bits); } #define node_clear(node, dst) __node_clear((node), &(dst)) static inline void __node_clear(int node, volatile nodemask_t *dstp) { clear_bit(node, dstp->bits); } #define nodes_setall(dst) __nodes_setall(&(dst), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline void __nodes_setall(nodemask_t *dstp, unsigned int nbits) { bitmap_fill(dstp->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_clear(dst) __nodes_clear(&(dst), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline void __nodes_clear(nodemask_t *dstp, unsigned int nbits) { bitmap_zero(dstp->bits, nbits); } /* No static inline type checking - see Subtlety (1) above. */ #define node_isset(node, nodemask) test_bit((node), (nodemask).bits) #define node_test_and_set(node, nodemask) \ __node_test_and_set((node), &(nodemask)) static inline int __node_test_and_set(int node, nodemask_t *addr) { return test_and_set_bit(node, addr->bits); } #define nodes_and(dst, src1, src2) \ __nodes_and(&(dst), &(src1), &(src2), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline void __nodes_and(nodemask_t *dstp, const nodemask_t *src1p, const nodemask_t *src2p, unsigned int nbits) { bitmap_and(dstp->bits, src1p->bits, src2p->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_or(dst, src1, src2) \ __nodes_or(&(dst), &(src1), &(src2), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline void __nodes_or(nodemask_t *dstp, const nodemask_t *src1p, const nodemask_t *src2p, unsigned int nbits) { bitmap_or(dstp->bits, src1p->bits, src2p->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_xor(dst, src1, src2) \ __nodes_xor(&(dst), &(src1), &(src2), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline void __nodes_xor(nodemask_t *dstp, const nodemask_t *src1p, const nodemask_t *src2p, unsigned int nbits) { bitmap_xor(dstp->bits, src1p->bits, src2p->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_andnot(dst, src1, src2) \ __nodes_andnot(&(dst), &(src1), &(src2), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline void __nodes_andnot(nodemask_t *dstp, const nodemask_t *src1p, const nodemask_t *src2p, unsigned int nbits) { bitmap_andnot(dstp->bits, src1p->bits, src2p->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_complement(dst, src) \ __nodes_complement(&(dst), &(src), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline void __nodes_complement(nodemask_t *dstp, const nodemask_t *srcp, unsigned int nbits) { bitmap_complement(dstp->bits, srcp->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_equal(src1, src2) \ __nodes_equal(&(src1), &(src2), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline int __nodes_equal(const nodemask_t *src1p, const nodemask_t *src2p, unsigned int nbits) { return bitmap_equal(src1p->bits, src2p->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_intersects(src1, src2) \ __nodes_intersects(&(src1), &(src2), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline int __nodes_intersects(const nodemask_t *src1p, const nodemask_t *src2p, unsigned int nbits) { return bitmap_intersects(src1p->bits, src2p->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_subset(src1, src2) \ __nodes_subset(&(src1), &(src2), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline int __nodes_subset(const nodemask_t *src1p, const nodemask_t *src2p, unsigned int nbits) { return bitmap_subset(src1p->bits, src2p->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_empty(src) __nodes_empty(&(src), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline int __nodes_empty(const nodemask_t *srcp, unsigned int nbits) { return bitmap_empty(srcp->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_full(nodemask) __nodes_full(&(nodemask), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline int __nodes_full(const nodemask_t *srcp, unsigned int nbits) { return bitmap_full(srcp->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_weight(nodemask) __nodes_weight(&(nodemask), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline int __nodes_weight(const nodemask_t *srcp, unsigned int nbits) { return bitmap_weight(srcp->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_shift_right(dst, src, n) \ __nodes_shift_right(&(dst), &(src), (n), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline void __nodes_shift_right(nodemask_t *dstp, const nodemask_t *srcp, int n, int nbits) { bitmap_shift_right(dstp->bits, srcp->bits, n, nbits); } #define nodes_shift_left(dst, src, n) \ __nodes_shift_left(&(dst), &(src), (n), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline void __nodes_shift_left(nodemask_t *dstp, const nodemask_t *srcp, int n, int nbits) { bitmap_shift_left(dstp->bits, srcp->bits, n, nbits); } /* FIXME: better would be to fix all architectures to never return > MAX_NUMNODES, then the silly min_ts could be dropped. */ #define first_node(src) __first_node(&(src)) static inline int __first_node(const nodemask_t *srcp) { return min_t(int, MAX_NUMNODES, find_first_bit(srcp->bits, MAX_NUMNODES)); } #define next_node(n, src) __next_node((n), &(src)) static inline int __next_node(int n, const nodemask_t *srcp) { return min_t(int,MAX_NUMNODES,find_next_bit(srcp->bits, MAX_NUMNODES, n+1)); } /* * Find the next present node in src, starting after node n, wrapping around to * the first node in src if needed. Returns MAX_NUMNODES if src is empty. */ #define next_node_in(n, src) __next_node_in((n), &(src)) int __next_node_in(int node, const nodemask_t *srcp); static inline void init_nodemask_of_node(nodemask_t *mask, int node) { nodes_clear(*mask); node_set(node, *mask); } #define nodemask_of_node(node) \ ({ \ typeof(_unused_nodemask_arg_) m; \ if (sizeof(m) == sizeof(unsigned long)) { \ m.bits[0] = 1UL << (node); \ } else { \ init_nodemask_of_node(&m, (node)); \ } \ m; \ }) #define first_unset_node(mask) __first_unset_node(&(mask)) static inline int __first_unset_node(const nodemask_t *maskp) { return min_t(int,MAX_NUMNODES, find_first_zero_bit(maskp->bits, MAX_NUMNODES)); } #define NODE_MASK_LAST_WORD BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK(MAX_NUMNODES) #if MAX_NUMNODES <= BITS_PER_LONG #define NODE_MASK_ALL \ ((nodemask_t) { { \ [BITS_TO_LONGS(MAX_NUMNODES)-1] = NODE_MASK_LAST_WORD \ } }) #else #define NODE_MASK_ALL \ ((nodemask_t) { { \ [0 ... BITS_TO_LONGS(MAX_NUMNODES)-2] = ~0UL, \ [BITS_TO_LONGS(MAX_NUMNODES)-1] = NODE_MASK_LAST_WORD \ } }) #endif #define NODE_MASK_NONE \ ((nodemask_t) { { \ [0 ... BITS_TO_LONGS(MAX_NUMNODES)-1] = 0UL \ } }) #define nodes_addr(src) ((src).bits) #define nodemask_parse_user(ubuf, ulen, dst) \ __nodemask_parse_user((ubuf), (ulen), &(dst), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline int __nodemask_parse_user(const char __user *buf, int len, nodemask_t *dstp, int nbits) { return bitmap_parse_user(buf, len, dstp->bits, nbits); } #define nodelist_parse(buf, dst) __nodelist_parse((buf), &(dst), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline int __nodelist_parse(const char *buf, nodemask_t *dstp, int nbits) { return bitmap_parselist(buf, dstp->bits, nbits); } #define node_remap(oldbit, old, new) \ __node_remap((oldbit), &(old), &(new), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline int __node_remap(int oldbit, const nodemask_t *oldp, const nodemask_t *newp, int nbits) { return bitmap_bitremap(oldbit, oldp->bits, newp->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_remap(dst, src, old, new) \ __nodes_remap(&(dst), &(src), &(old), &(new), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline void __nodes_remap(nodemask_t *dstp, const nodemask_t *srcp, const nodemask_t *oldp, const nodemask_t *newp, int nbits) { bitmap_remap(dstp->bits, srcp->bits, oldp->bits, newp->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_onto(dst, orig, relmap) \ __nodes_onto(&(dst), &(orig), &(relmap), MAX_NUMNODES) static inline void __nodes_onto(nodemask_t *dstp, const nodemask_t *origp, const nodemask_t *relmapp, int nbits) { bitmap_onto(dstp->bits, origp->bits, relmapp->bits, nbits); } #define nodes_fold(dst, orig, sz) \ __nodes_fold(&(dst), &(orig), sz, MAX_NUMNODES) static inline void __nodes_fold(nodemask_t *dstp, const nodemask_t *origp, int sz, int nbits) { bitmap_fold(dstp->bits, origp->bits, sz, nbits); } #if MAX_NUMNODES > 1 #define for_each_node_mask(node, mask) \ for ((node) = first_node(mask); \ (node) < MAX_NUMNODES; \ (node) = next_node((node), (mask))) #else /* MAX_NUMNODES == 1 */ #define for_each_node_mask(node, mask) \ if (!nodes_empty(mask)) \ for ((node) = 0; (node) < 1; (node)++) #endif /* MAX_NUMNODES */ /* * Bitmasks that are kept for all the nodes. */ enum node_states { N_POSSIBLE, /* The node could become online at some point */ N_ONLINE, /* The node is online */ N_NORMAL_MEMORY, /* The node has regular memory */ #ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM N_HIGH_MEMORY, /* The node has regular or high memory */ #else N_HIGH_MEMORY = N_NORMAL_MEMORY, #endif N_MEMORY, /* The node has memory(regular, high, movable) */ N_CPU, /* The node has one or more cpus */ N_GENERIC_INITIATOR, /* The node has one or more Generic Initiators */ NR_NODE_STATES }; /* * The following particular system nodemasks and operations * on them manage all possible and online nodes. */ extern nodemask_t node_states[NR_NODE_STATES]; #if MAX_NUMNODES > 1 static inline int node_state(int node, enum node_states state) { return node_isset(node, node_states[state]); } static inline void node_set_state(int node, enum node_states state) { __node_set(node, &node_states[state]); } static inline void node_clear_state(int node, enum node_states state) { __node_clear(node, &node_states[state]); } static inline int num_node_state(enum node_states state) { return nodes_weight(node_states[state]); } #define for_each_node_state(__node, __state) \ for_each_node_mask((__node), node_states[__state]) #define first_online_node first_node(node_states[N_ONLINE]) #define first_memory_node first_node(node_states[N_MEMORY]) static inline int next_online_node(int nid) { return next_node(nid, node_states[N_ONLINE]); } static inline int next_memory_node(int nid) { return next_node(nid, node_states[N_MEMORY]); } extern unsigned int nr_node_ids; extern unsigned int nr_online_nodes; static inline void node_set_online(int nid) { node_set_state(nid, N_ONLINE); nr_online_nodes = num_node_state(N_ONLINE); } static inline void node_set_offline(int nid) { node_clear_state(nid, N_ONLINE); nr_online_nodes = num_node_state(N_ONLINE); } #else static inline int node_state(int node, enum node_states state) { return node == 0; } static inline void node_set_state(int node, enum node_states state) { } static inline void node_clear_state(int node, enum node_states state) { } static inline int num_node_state(enum node_states state) { return 1; } #define for_each_node_state(node, __state) \ for ( (node) = 0; (node) == 0; (node) = 1) #define first_online_node 0 #define first_memory_node 0 #define next_online_node(nid) (MAX_NUMNODES) #define nr_node_ids 1U #define nr_online_nodes 1U #define node_set_online(node) node_set_state((node), N_ONLINE) #define node_set_offline(node) node_clear_state((node), N_ONLINE) #endif #if defined(CONFIG_NUMA) && (MAX_NUMNODES > 1) extern int node_random(const nodemask_t *maskp); #else static inline int node_random(const nodemask_t *mask) { return 0; } #endif #define node_online_map node_states[N_ONLINE] #define node_possible_map node_states[N_POSSIBLE] #define num_online_nodes() num_node_state(N_ONLINE) #define num_possible_nodes() num_node_state(N_POSSIBLE) #define node_online(node) node_state((node), N_ONLINE) #define node_possible(node) node_state((node), N_POSSIBLE) #define for_each_node(node) for_each_node_state(node, N_POSSIBLE) #define for_each_online_node(node) for_each_node_state(node, N_ONLINE) /* * For nodemask scrach area. * NODEMASK_ALLOC(type, name) allocates an object with a specified type and * name. */ #if NODES_SHIFT > 8 /* nodemask_t > 32 bytes */ #define NODEMASK_ALLOC(type, name, gfp_flags) \ type *name = kmalloc(sizeof(*name), gfp_flags) #define NODEMASK_FREE(m) kfree(m) #else #define NODEMASK_ALLOC(type, name, gfp_flags) type _##name, *name = &_##name #define NODEMASK_FREE(m) do {} while (0) #endif /* A example struture for using NODEMASK_ALLOC, used in mempolicy. */ struct nodemask_scratch { nodemask_t mask1; nodemask_t mask2; }; #define NODEMASK_SCRATCH(x) \ NODEMASK_ALLOC(struct nodemask_scratch, x, \ GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NORETRY) #define NODEMASK_SCRATCH_FREE(x) NODEMASK_FREE(x) #endif /* __LINUX_NODEMASK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _KERNEL_PRINTK_RINGBUFFER_H #define _KERNEL_PRINTK_RINGBUFFER_H #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/dev_printk.h> /* * Meta information about each stored message. * * All fields are set by the printk code except for @seq, which is * set by the ringbuffer code. */ struct printk_info { u64 seq; /* sequence number */ u64 ts_nsec; /* timestamp in nanoseconds */ u16 text_len; /* length of text message */ u8 facility; /* syslog facility */ u8 flags:5; /* internal record flags */ u8 level:3; /* syslog level */ u32 caller_id; /* thread id or processor id */ struct dev_printk_info dev_info; }; /* * A structure providing the buffers, used by writers and readers. * * Writers: * Using prb_rec_init_wr(), a writer sets @text_buf_size before calling * prb_reserve(). On success, prb_reserve() sets @info and @text_buf to * buffers reserved for that writer. * * Readers: * Using prb_rec_init_rd(), a reader sets all fields before calling * prb_read_valid(). Note that the reader provides the @info and @text_buf, * buffers. On success, the struct pointed to by @info will be filled and * the char array pointed to by @text_buf will be filled with text data. */ struct printk_record { struct printk_info *info; char *text_buf; unsigned int text_buf_size; }; /* Specifies the logical position and span of a data block. */ struct prb_data_blk_lpos { unsigned long begin; unsigned long next; }; /* * A descriptor: the complete meta-data for a record. * * @state_var: A bitwise combination of descriptor ID and descriptor state. */ struct prb_desc { atomic_long_t state_var; struct prb_data_blk_lpos text_blk_lpos; }; /* A ringbuffer of "ID + data" elements. */ struct prb_data_ring { unsigned int size_bits; char *data; atomic_long_t head_lpos; atomic_long_t tail_lpos; }; /* A ringbuffer of "struct prb_desc" elements. */ struct prb_desc_ring { unsigned int count_bits; struct prb_desc *descs; struct printk_info *infos; atomic_long_t head_id; atomic_long_t tail_id; }; /* * The high level structure representing the printk ringbuffer. * * @fail: Count of failed prb_reserve() calls where not even a data-less * record was created. */ struct printk_ringbuffer { struct prb_desc_ring desc_ring; struct prb_data_ring text_data_ring; atomic_long_t fail; }; /* * Used by writers as a reserve/commit handle. * * @rb: Ringbuffer where the entry is reserved. * @irqflags: Saved irq flags to restore on entry commit. * @id: ID of the reserved descriptor. * @text_space: Total occupied buffer space in the text data ring, including * ID, alignment padding, and wrapping data blocks. * * This structure is an opaque handle for writers. Its contents are only * to be used by the ringbuffer implementation. */ struct prb_reserved_entry { struct printk_ringbuffer *rb; unsigned long irqflags; unsigned long id; unsigned int text_space; }; /* The possible responses of a descriptor state-query. */ enum desc_state { desc_miss = -1, /* ID mismatch (pseudo state) */ desc_reserved = 0x0, /* reserved, in use by writer */ desc_committed = 0x1, /* committed by writer, could get reopened */ desc_finalized = 0x2, /* committed, no further modification allowed */ desc_reusable = 0x3, /* free, not yet used by any writer */ }; #define _DATA_SIZE(sz_bits) (1UL << (sz_bits)) #define _DESCS_COUNT(ct_bits) (1U << (ct_bits)) #define DESC_SV_BITS (sizeof(unsigned long) * 8) #define DESC_FLAGS_SHIFT (DESC_SV_BITS - 2) #define DESC_FLAGS_MASK (3UL << DESC_FLAGS_SHIFT) #define DESC_STATE(sv) (3UL & (sv >> DESC_FLAGS_SHIFT)) #define DESC_SV(id, state) (((unsigned long)state << DESC_FLAGS_SHIFT) | id) #define DESC_ID_MASK (~DESC_FLAGS_MASK) #define DESC_ID(sv) ((sv) & DESC_ID_MASK) #define FAILED_LPOS 0x1 #define NO_LPOS 0x3 #define FAILED_BLK_LPOS \ { \ .begin = FAILED_LPOS, \ .next = FAILED_LPOS, \ } /* * Descriptor Bootstrap * * The descriptor array is minimally initialized to allow immediate usage * by readers and writers. The requirements that the descriptor array * initialization must satisfy: * * Req1 * The tail must point to an existing (committed or reusable) descriptor. * This is required by the implementation of prb_first_seq(). * * Req2 * Readers must see that the ringbuffer is initially empty. * * Req3 * The first record reserved by a writer is assigned sequence number 0. * * To satisfy Req1, the tail initially points to a descriptor that is * minimally initialized (having no data block, i.e. data-less with the * data block's lpos @begin and @next values set to FAILED_LPOS). * * To satisfy Req2, the initial tail descriptor is initialized to the * reusable state. Readers recognize reusable descriptors as existing * records, but skip over them. * * To satisfy Req3, the last descriptor in the array is used as the initial * head (and tail) descriptor. This allows the first record reserved by a * writer (head + 1) to be the first descriptor in the array. (Only the first * descriptor in the array could have a valid sequence number of 0.) * * The first time a descriptor is reserved, it is assigned a sequence number * with the value of the array index. A "first time reserved" descriptor can * be recognized because it has a sequence number of 0 but does not have an * index of 0. (Only the first descriptor in the array could have a valid * sequence number of 0.) After the first reservation, all future reservations * (recycling) simply involve incrementing the sequence number by the array * count. * * Hack #1 * Only the first descriptor in the array is allowed to have the sequence * number 0. In this case it is not possible to recognize if it is being * reserved the first time (set to index value) or has been reserved * previously (increment by the array count). This is handled by _always_ * incrementing the sequence number by the array count when reserving the * first descriptor in the array. In order to satisfy Req3, the sequence * number of the first descriptor in the array is initialized to minus * the array count. Then, upon the first reservation, it is incremented * to 0, thus satisfying Req3. * * Hack #2 * prb_first_seq() can be called at any time by readers to retrieve the * sequence number of the tail descriptor. However, due to Req2 and Req3, * initially there are no records to report the sequence number of * (sequence numbers are u64 and there is nothing less than 0). To handle * this, the sequence number of the initial tail descriptor is initialized * to 0. Technically this is incorrect, because there is no record with * sequence number 0 (yet) and the tail descriptor is not the first * descriptor in the array. But it allows prb_read_valid() to correctly * report the existence of a record for _any_ given sequence number at all * times. Bootstrapping is complete when the tail is pushed the first * time, thus finally pointing to the first descriptor reserved by a * writer, which has the assigned sequence number 0. */ /* * Initiating Logical Value Overflows * * Both logical position (lpos) and ID values can be mapped to array indexes * but may experience overflows during the lifetime of the system. To ensure * that printk_ringbuffer can handle the overflows for these types, initial * values are chosen that map to the correct initial array indexes, but will * result in overflows soon. * * BLK0_LPOS * The initial @head_lpos and @tail_lpos for data rings. It is at index * 0 and the lpos value is such that it will overflow on the first wrap. * * DESC0_ID * The initial @head_id and @tail_id for the desc ring. It is at the last * index of the descriptor array (see Req3 above) and the ID value is such * that it will overflow on the second wrap. */ #define BLK0_LPOS(sz_bits) (-(_DATA_SIZE(sz_bits))) #define DESC0_ID(ct_bits) DESC_ID(-(_DESCS_COUNT(ct_bits) + 1)) #define DESC0_SV(ct_bits) DESC_SV(DESC0_ID(ct_bits), desc_reusable) /* * Define a ringbuffer with an external text data buffer. The same as * DEFINE_PRINTKRB() but requires specifying an external buffer for the * text data. * * Note: The specified external buffer must be of the size: * 2 ^ (descbits + avgtextbits) */ #define _DEFINE_PRINTKRB(name, descbits, avgtextbits, text_buf) \ static struct prb_desc _##name##_descs[_DESCS_COUNT(descbits)] = { \ /* the initial head and tail */ \ [_DESCS_COUNT(descbits) - 1] = { \ /* reusable */ \ .state_var = ATOMIC_INIT(DESC0_SV(descbits)), \ /* no associated data block */ \ .text_blk_lpos = FAILED_BLK_LPOS, \ }, \ }; \ static struct printk_info _##name##_infos[_DESCS_COUNT(descbits)] = { \ /* this will be the first record reserved by a writer */ \ [0] = { \ /* will be incremented to 0 on the first reservation */ \ .seq = -(u64)_DESCS_COUNT(descbits), \ }, \ /* the initial head and tail */ \ [_DESCS_COUNT(descbits) - 1] = { \ /* reports the first seq value during the bootstrap phase */ \ .seq = 0, \ }, \ }; \ static struct printk_ringbuffer name = { \ .desc_ring = { \ .count_bits = descbits, \ .descs = &_##name##_descs[0], \ .infos = &_##name##_infos[0], \ .head_id = ATOMIC_INIT(DESC0_ID(descbits)), \ .tail_id = ATOMIC_INIT(DESC0_ID(descbits)), \ }, \ .text_data_ring = { \ .size_bits = (avgtextbits) + (descbits), \ .data = text_buf, \ .head_lpos = ATOMIC_LONG_INIT(BLK0_LPOS((avgtextbits) + (descbits))), \ .tail_lpos = ATOMIC_LONG_INIT(BLK0_LPOS((avgtextbits) + (descbits))), \ }, \ .fail = ATOMIC_LONG_INIT(0), \ } /** * DEFINE_PRINTKRB() - Define a ringbuffer. * * @name: The name of the ringbuffer variable. * @descbits: The number of descriptors as a power-of-2 value. * @avgtextbits: The average text data size per record as a power-of-2 value. * * This is a macro for defining a ringbuffer and all internal structures * such that it is ready for immediate use. See _DEFINE_PRINTKRB() for a * variant where the text data buffer can be specified externally. */ #define DEFINE_PRINTKRB(name, descbits, avgtextbits) \ static char _##name##_text[1U << ((avgtextbits) + (descbits))] \ __aligned(__alignof__(unsigned long)); \ _DEFINE_PRINTKRB(name, descbits, avgtextbits, &_##name##_text[0]) /* Writer Interface */ /** * prb_rec_init_wd() - Initialize a buffer for writing records. * * @r: The record to initialize. * @text_buf_size: The needed text buffer size. */ static inline void prb_rec_init_wr(struct printk_record *r, unsigned int text_buf_size) { r->info = NULL; r->text_buf = NULL; r->text_buf_size = text_buf_size; } bool prb_reserve(struct prb_reserved_entry *e, struct printk_ringbuffer *rb, struct printk_record *r); bool prb_reserve_in_last(struct prb_reserved_entry *e, struct printk_ringbuffer *rb, struct printk_record *r, u32 caller_id, unsigned int max_size); void prb_commit(struct prb_reserved_entry *e); void prb_final_commit(struct prb_reserved_entry *e); void prb_init(struct printk_ringbuffer *rb, char *text_buf, unsigned int text_buf_size, struct prb_desc *descs, unsigned int descs_count_bits, struct printk_info *infos); unsigned int prb_record_text_space(struct prb_reserved_entry *e); /* Reader Interface */ /** * prb_rec_init_rd() - Initialize a buffer for reading records. * * @r: The record to initialize. * @info: A buffer to store record meta-data. * @text_buf: A buffer to store text data. * @text_buf_size: The size of @text_buf. * * Initialize all the fields that a reader is interested in. All arguments * (except @r) are optional. Only record data for arguments that are * non-NULL or non-zero will be read. */ static inline void prb_rec_init_rd(struct printk_record *r, struct printk_info *info, char *text_buf, unsigned int text_buf_size) { r->info = info; r->text_buf = text_buf; r->text_buf_size = text_buf_size; } /** * prb_for_each_record() - Iterate over the records of a ringbuffer. * * @from: The sequence number to begin with. * @rb: The ringbuffer to iterate over. * @s: A u64 to store the sequence number on each iteration. * @r: A printk_record to store the record on each iteration. * * This is a macro for conveniently iterating over a ringbuffer. * Note that @s may not be the sequence number of the record on each * iteration. For the sequence number, @r->info->seq should be checked. * * Context: Any context. */ #define prb_for_each_record(from, rb, s, r) \ for ((s) = from; prb_read_valid(rb, s, r); (s) = (r)->info->seq + 1) /** * prb_for_each_info() - Iterate over the meta data of a ringbuffer. * * @from: The sequence number to begin with. * @rb: The ringbuffer to iterate over. * @s: A u64 to store the sequence number on each iteration. * @i: A printk_info to store the record meta data on each iteration. * @lc: An unsigned int to store the text line count of each record. * * This is a macro for conveniently iterating over a ringbuffer. * Note that @s may not be the sequence number of the record on each * iteration. For the sequence number, @r->info->seq should be checked. * * Context: Any context. */ #define prb_for_each_info(from, rb, s, i, lc) \ for ((s) = from; prb_read_valid_info(rb, s, i, lc); (s) = (i)->seq + 1) bool prb_read_valid(struct printk_ringbuffer *rb, u64 seq, struct printk_record *r); bool prb_read_valid_info(struct printk_ringbuffer *rb, u64 seq, struct printk_info *info, unsigned int *line_count); u64 prb_first_valid_seq(struct printk_ringbuffer *rb); u64 prb_next_seq(struct printk_ringbuffer *rb); #endif /* _KERNEL_PRINTK_RINGBUFFER_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM tcp #if !defined(_TRACE_TCP_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_TCP_H #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <linux/tcp.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <net/ipv6.h> #include <net/tcp.h> #include <linux/sock_diag.h> #define TP_STORE_V4MAPPED(__entry, saddr, daddr) \ do { \ struct in6_addr *pin6; \ \ pin6 = (struct in6_addr *)__entry->saddr_v6; \ ipv6_addr_set_v4mapped(saddr, pin6); \ pin6 = (struct in6_addr *)__entry->daddr_v6; \ ipv6_addr_set_v4mapped(daddr, pin6); \ } while (0) #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) #define TP_STORE_ADDRS(__entry, saddr, daddr, saddr6, daddr6) \ do { \ if (sk->sk_family == AF_INET6) { \ struct in6_addr *pin6; \ \ pin6 = (struct in6_addr *)__entry->saddr_v6; \ *pin6 = saddr6; \ pin6 = (struct in6_addr *)__entry->daddr_v6; \ *pin6 = daddr6; \ } else { \ TP_STORE_V4MAPPED(__entry, saddr, daddr); \ } \ } while (0) #else #define TP_STORE_ADDRS(__entry, saddr, daddr, saddr6, daddr6) \ TP_STORE_V4MAPPED(__entry, saddr, daddr) #endif /* * tcp event with arguments sk and skb * * Note: this class requires a valid sk pointer; while skb pointer could * be NULL. */ DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(tcp_event_sk_skb, TP_PROTO(const struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(sk, skb), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(const void *, skbaddr) __field(const void *, skaddr) __field(int, state) __field(__u16, sport) __field(__u16, dport) __array(__u8, saddr, 4) __array(__u8, daddr, 4) __array(__u8, saddr_v6, 16) __array(__u8, daddr_v6, 16) ), TP_fast_assign( struct inet_sock *inet = inet_sk(sk); __be32 *p32; __entry->skbaddr = skb; __entry->skaddr = sk; __entry->state = sk->sk_state; __entry->sport = ntohs(inet->inet_sport); __entry->dport = ntohs(inet->inet_dport); p32 = (__be32 *) __entry->saddr; *p32 = inet->inet_saddr; p32 = (__be32 *) __entry->daddr; *p32 = inet->inet_daddr; TP_STORE_ADDRS(__entry, inet->inet_saddr, inet->inet_daddr, sk->sk_v6_rcv_saddr, sk->sk_v6_daddr); ), TP_printk("sport=%hu dport=%hu saddr=%pI4 daddr=%pI4 saddrv6=%pI6c daddrv6=%pI6c state=%s", __entry->sport, __entry->dport, __entry->saddr, __entry->daddr, __entry->saddr_v6, __entry->daddr_v6, show_tcp_state_name(__entry->state)) ); DEFINE_EVENT(tcp_event_sk_skb, tcp_retransmit_skb, TP_PROTO(const struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(sk, skb) ); /* * skb of trace_tcp_send_reset is the skb that caused RST. In case of * active reset, skb should be NULL */ DEFINE_EVENT(tcp_event_sk_skb, tcp_send_reset, TP_PROTO(const struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(sk, skb) ); /* * tcp event with arguments sk * * Note: this class requires a valid sk pointer. */ DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(tcp_event_sk, TP_PROTO(struct sock *sk), TP_ARGS(sk), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(const void *, skaddr) __field(__u16, sport) __field(__u16, dport) __array(__u8, saddr, 4) __array(__u8, daddr, 4) __array(__u8, saddr_v6, 16) __array(__u8, daddr_v6, 16) __field(__u64, sock_cookie) ), TP_fast_assign( struct inet_sock *inet = inet_sk(sk); __be32 *p32; __entry->skaddr = sk; __entry->sport = ntohs(inet->inet_sport); __entry->dport = ntohs(inet->inet_dport); p32 = (__be32 *) __entry->saddr; *p32 = inet->inet_saddr; p32 = (__be32 *) __entry->daddr; *p32 = inet->inet_daddr; TP_STORE_ADDRS(__entry, inet->inet_saddr, inet->inet_daddr, sk->sk_v6_rcv_saddr, sk->sk_v6_daddr); __entry->sock_cookie = sock_gen_cookie(sk); ), TP_printk("sport=%hu dport=%hu saddr=%pI4 daddr=%pI4 saddrv6=%pI6c daddrv6=%pI6c sock_cookie=%llx", __entry->sport, __entry->dport, __entry->saddr, __entry->daddr, __entry->saddr_v6, __entry->daddr_v6, __entry->sock_cookie) ); DEFINE_EVENT(tcp_event_sk, tcp_receive_reset, TP_PROTO(struct sock *sk), TP_ARGS(sk) ); DEFINE_EVENT(tcp_event_sk, tcp_destroy_sock, TP_PROTO(struct sock *sk), TP_ARGS(sk) ); DEFINE_EVENT(tcp_event_sk, tcp_rcv_space_adjust, TP_PROTO(struct sock *sk), TP_ARGS(sk) ); TRACE_EVENT(tcp_retransmit_synack, TP_PROTO(const struct sock *sk, const struct request_sock *req), TP_ARGS(sk, req), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(const void *, skaddr) __field(const void *, req) __field(__u16, sport) __field(__u16, dport) __array(__u8, saddr, 4) __array(__u8, daddr, 4) __array(__u8, saddr_v6, 16) __array(__u8, daddr_v6, 16) ), TP_fast_assign( struct inet_request_sock *ireq = inet_rsk(req); __be32 *p32; __entry->skaddr = sk; __entry->req = req; __entry->sport = ireq->ir_num; __entry->dport = ntohs(ireq->ir_rmt_port); p32 = (__be32 *) __entry->saddr; *p32 = ireq->ir_loc_addr; p32 = (__be32 *) __entry->daddr; *p32 = ireq->ir_rmt_addr; TP_STORE_ADDRS(__entry, ireq->ir_loc_addr, ireq->ir_rmt_addr, ireq->ir_v6_loc_addr, ireq->ir_v6_rmt_addr); ), TP_printk("sport=%hu dport=%hu saddr=%pI4 daddr=%pI4 saddrv6=%pI6c daddrv6=%pI6c", __entry->sport, __entry->dport, __entry->saddr, __entry->daddr, __entry->saddr_v6, __entry->daddr_v6) ); #include <trace/events/net_probe_common.h> TRACE_EVENT(tcp_probe, TP_PROTO(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(sk, skb), TP_STRUCT__entry( /* sockaddr_in6 is always bigger than sockaddr_in */ __array(__u8, saddr, sizeof(struct sockaddr_in6)) __array(__u8, daddr, sizeof(struct sockaddr_in6)) __field(__u16, sport) __field(__u16, dport) __field(__u32, mark) __field(__u16, data_len) __field(__u32, snd_nxt) __field(__u32, snd_una) __field(__u32, snd_cwnd) __field(__u32, ssthresh) __field(__u32, snd_wnd) __field(__u32, srtt) __field(__u32, rcv_wnd) __field(__u64, sock_cookie) ), TP_fast_assign( const struct tcphdr *th = (const struct tcphdr *)skb->data; const struct inet_sock *inet = inet_sk(sk); const struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk); memset(__entry->saddr, 0, sizeof(struct sockaddr_in6)); memset(__entry->daddr, 0, sizeof(struct sockaddr_in6)); TP_STORE_ADDR_PORTS(__entry, inet, sk); /* For filtering use */ __entry->sport = ntohs(inet->inet_sport); __entry->dport = ntohs(inet->inet_dport); __entry->mark = skb->mark; __entry->data_len = skb->len - __tcp_hdrlen(th); __entry->snd_nxt = tp->snd_nxt; __entry->snd_una = tp->snd_una; __entry->snd_cwnd = tp->snd_cwnd; __entry->snd_wnd = tp->snd_wnd; __entry->rcv_wnd = tp->rcv_wnd; __entry->ssthresh = tcp_current_ssthresh(sk); __entry->srtt = tp->srtt_us >> 3; __entry->sock_cookie = sock_gen_cookie(sk); ), TP_printk("src=%pISpc dest=%pISpc mark=%#x data_len=%d snd_nxt=%#x snd_una=%#x snd_cwnd=%u ssthresh=%u snd_wnd=%u srtt=%u rcv_wnd=%u sock_cookie=%llx", __entry->saddr, __entry->daddr, __entry->mark, __entry->data_len, __entry->snd_nxt, __entry->snd_una, __entry->snd_cwnd, __entry->ssthresh, __entry->snd_wnd, __entry->srtt, __entry->rcv_wnd, __entry->sock_cookie) ); #endif /* _TRACE_TCP_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * NET Generic infrastructure for Network protocols. * * Authors: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@conectiva.com.br> */ #ifndef _TIMEWAIT_SOCK_H #define _TIMEWAIT_SOCK_H #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <net/sock.h> struct timewait_sock_ops { struct kmem_cache *twsk_slab; char *twsk_slab_name; unsigned int twsk_obj_size; int (*twsk_unique)(struct sock *sk, struct sock *sktw, void *twp); void (*twsk_destructor)(struct sock *sk); }; static inline int twsk_unique(struct sock *sk, struct sock *sktw, void *twp) { if (sk->sk_prot->twsk_prot->twsk_unique != NULL) return sk->sk_prot->twsk_prot->twsk_unique(sk, sktw, twp); return 0; } static inline void twsk_destructor(struct sock *sk) { if (sk->sk_prot->twsk_prot->twsk_destructor != NULL) sk->sk_prot->twsk_prot->twsk_destructor(sk); } #endif /* _TIMEWAIT_SOCK_H */