1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * include/linux/prandom.h * * Include file for the fast pseudo-random 32-bit * generation. */ #ifndef _LINUX_PRANDOM_H #define _LINUX_PRANDOM_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> u32 prandom_u32(void); void prandom_bytes(void *buf, size_t nbytes); void prandom_seed(u32 seed); void prandom_reseed_late(void); DECLARE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, net_rand_noise); #define PRANDOM_ADD_NOISE(a, b, c, d) \ prandom_u32_add_noise((unsigned long)(a), (unsigned long)(b), \ (unsigned long)(c), (unsigned long)(d)) #if BITS_PER_LONG == 64 /* * The core SipHash round function. Each line can be executed in * parallel given enough CPU resources. */ #define PRND_SIPROUND(v0, v1, v2, v3) ( \ v0 += v1, v1 = rol64(v1, 13), v2 += v3, v3 = rol64(v3, 16), \ v1 ^= v0, v0 = rol64(v0, 32), v3 ^= v2, \ v0 += v3, v3 = rol64(v3, 21), v2 += v1, v1 = rol64(v1, 17), \ v3 ^= v0, v1 ^= v2, v2 = rol64(v2, 32) \ ) #define PRND_K0 (0x736f6d6570736575 ^ 0x6c7967656e657261) #define PRND_K1 (0x646f72616e646f6d ^ 0x7465646279746573) #elif BITS_PER_LONG == 32 /* * On 32-bit machines, we use HSipHash, a reduced-width version of SipHash. * This is weaker, but 32-bit machines are not used for high-traffic * applications, so there is less output for an attacker to analyze. */ #define PRND_SIPROUND(v0, v1, v2, v3) ( \ v0 += v1, v1 = rol32(v1, 5), v2 += v3, v3 = rol32(v3, 8), \ v1 ^= v0, v0 = rol32(v0, 16), v3 ^= v2, \ v0 += v3, v3 = rol32(v3, 7), v2 += v1, v1 = rol32(v1, 13), \ v3 ^= v0, v1 ^= v2, v2 = rol32(v2, 16) \ ) #define PRND_K0 0x6c796765 #define PRND_K1 0x74656462 #else #error Unsupported BITS_PER_LONG #endif static inline void prandom_u32_add_noise(unsigned long a, unsigned long b, unsigned long c, unsigned long d) { /* * This is not used cryptographically; it's just * a convenient 4-word hash function. (3 xor, 2 add, 2 rol) */ a ^= raw_cpu_read(net_rand_noise); PRND_SIPROUND(a, b, c, d); raw_cpu_write(net_rand_noise, d); } struct rnd_state { __u32 s1, s2, s3, s4; }; u32 prandom_u32_state(struct rnd_state *state); void prandom_bytes_state(struct rnd_state *state, void *buf, size_t nbytes); void prandom_seed_full_state(struct rnd_state __percpu *pcpu_state); #define prandom_init_once(pcpu_state) \ DO_ONCE(prandom_seed_full_state, (pcpu_state)) /** * prandom_u32_max - returns a pseudo-random number in interval [0, ep_ro) * @ep_ro: right open interval endpoint * * Returns a pseudo-random number that is in interval [0, ep_ro). Note * that the result depends on PRNG being well distributed in [0, ~0U] * u32 space. Here we use maximally equidistributed combined Tausworthe * generator, that is, prandom_u32(). This is useful when requesting a * random index of an array containing ep_ro elements, for example. * * Returns: pseudo-random number in interval [0, ep_ro) */ static inline u32 prandom_u32_max(u32 ep_ro) { return (u32)(((u64) prandom_u32() * ep_ro) >> 32); } /* * Handle minimum values for seeds */ static inline u32 __seed(u32 x, u32 m) { return (x < m) ? x + m : x; } /** * prandom_seed_state - set seed for prandom_u32_state(). * @state: pointer to state structure to receive the seed. * @seed: arbitrary 64-bit value to use as a seed. */ static inline void prandom_seed_state(struct rnd_state *state, u64 seed) { u32 i = ((seed >> 32) ^ (seed << 10) ^ seed) & 0xffffffffUL; state->s1 = __seed(i, 2U); state->s2 = __seed(i, 8U); state->s3 = __seed(i, 16U); state->s4 = __seed(i, 128U); PRANDOM_ADD_NOISE(state, i, 0, 0); } /* Pseudo random number generator from numerical recipes. */ static inline u32 next_pseudo_random32(u32 seed) { return seed * 1664525 + 1013904223; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * Copyright (C) 2020 ARM Ltd. */ #ifndef __ASM_VDSO_PROCESSOR_H #define __ASM_VDSO_PROCESSOR_H #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ /* REP NOP (PAUSE) is a good thing to insert into busy-wait loops. */ static __always_inline void rep_nop(void) { asm volatile("rep; nop" ::: "memory"); } static __always_inline void cpu_relax(void) { rep_nop(); } #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* __ASM_VDSO_PROCESSOR_H */
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#define EMe(a,b) TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(a); #define WB_WORK_REASON \ EM( WB_REASON_BACKGROUND, "background") \ EM( WB_REASON_VMSCAN, "vmscan") \ EM( WB_REASON_SYNC, "sync") \ EM( WB_REASON_PERIODIC, "periodic") \ EM( WB_REASON_LAPTOP_TIMER, "laptop_timer") \ EM( WB_REASON_FS_FREE_SPACE, "fs_free_space") \ EMe(WB_REASON_FORKER_THREAD, "forker_thread") WB_WORK_REASON /* * Now redefine the EM() and EMe() macros to map the enums to the strings * that will be printed in the output. */ #undef EM #undef EMe #define EM(a,b) { a, b }, #define EMe(a,b) { a, b } struct wb_writeback_work; DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(writeback_page_template, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping), TP_ARGS(page, mapping), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __array(char, name, 32) __field(ino_t, ino) __field(pgoff_t, index) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(mapping ? inode_to_bdi(mapping->host) : NULL), 32); __entry->ino = mapping ? mapping->host->i_ino : 0; __entry->index = page->index; ), TP_printk("bdi %s: ino=%lu index=%lu", __entry->name, (unsigned long)__entry->ino, __entry->index ) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_page_template, writeback_dirty_page, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping), TP_ARGS(page, mapping) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_page_template, wait_on_page_writeback, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping), TP_ARGS(page, mapping) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(writeback_dirty_inode_template, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, int flags), TP_ARGS(inode, flags), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __array(char, name, 32) __field(ino_t, ino) __field(unsigned long, state) __field(unsigned long, flags) ), TP_fast_assign( struct backing_dev_info *bdi = inode_to_bdi(inode); /* may be called for files on pseudo FSes w/ unregistered bdi */ strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(bdi), 32); __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->state = inode->i_state; __entry->flags = flags; ), TP_printk("bdi %s: ino=%lu state=%s flags=%s", __entry->name, (unsigned long)__entry->ino, show_inode_state(__entry->state), show_inode_state(__entry->flags) ) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_dirty_inode_template, writeback_mark_inode_dirty, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, int flags), TP_ARGS(inode, flags) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_dirty_inode_template, writeback_dirty_inode_start, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, int flags), TP_ARGS(inode, flags) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_dirty_inode_template, writeback_dirty_inode, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, int flags), TP_ARGS(inode, flags) ); #ifdef CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK static inline ino_t __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(struct bdi_writeback *wb) { return cgroup_ino(wb->memcg_css->cgroup); } static inline ino_t __trace_wbc_assign_cgroup(struct writeback_control *wbc) { if (wbc->wb) return __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(wbc->wb); else return 1; } #else /* CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK */ static inline ino_t __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(struct bdi_writeback *wb) { return 1; } static inline ino_t __trace_wbc_assign_cgroup(struct writeback_control *wbc) { return 1; } #endif /* CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK */ #endif /* CREATE_TRACE_POINTS */ #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK TRACE_EVENT(inode_foreign_history, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc, unsigned int history), TP_ARGS(inode, wbc, history), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(ino_t, ino) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) __field(unsigned int, history) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(inode_to_bdi(inode)), 32); __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wbc_assign_cgroup(wbc); __entry->history = history; ), TP_printk("bdi %s: ino=%lu cgroup_ino=%lu history=0x%x", __entry->name, (unsigned long)__entry->ino, (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino, __entry->history ) ); TRACE_EVENT(inode_switch_wbs, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct bdi_writeback *old_wb, struct bdi_writeback *new_wb), TP_ARGS(inode, old_wb, new_wb), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(ino_t, ino) __field(ino_t, old_cgroup_ino) __field(ino_t, new_cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(old_wb->bdi), 32); __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->old_cgroup_ino = __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(old_wb); __entry->new_cgroup_ino = __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(new_wb); ), TP_printk("bdi %s: ino=%lu old_cgroup_ino=%lu new_cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->name, (unsigned long)__entry->ino, (unsigned long)__entry->old_cgroup_ino, (unsigned long)__entry->new_cgroup_ino ) ); TRACE_EVENT(track_foreign_dirty, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, struct bdi_writeback *wb), TP_ARGS(page, wb), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(u64, bdi_id) __field(ino_t, ino) __field(unsigned int, memcg_id) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) __field(ino_t, page_cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( struct address_space *mapping = page_mapping(page); struct inode *inode = mapping ? mapping->host : NULL; strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(wb->bdi), 32); __entry->bdi_id = wb->bdi->id; __entry->ino = inode ? inode->i_ino : 0; __entry->memcg_id = wb->memcg_css->id; __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(wb); __entry->page_cgroup_ino = cgroup_ino(page->mem_cgroup->css.cgroup); ), TP_printk("bdi %s[%llu]: ino=%lu memcg_id=%u cgroup_ino=%lu page_cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->name, __entry->bdi_id, (unsigned long)__entry->ino, __entry->memcg_id, (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino, (unsigned long)__entry->page_cgroup_ino ) ); TRACE_EVENT(flush_foreign, TP_PROTO(struct bdi_writeback *wb, unsigned int frn_bdi_id, unsigned int frn_memcg_id), TP_ARGS(wb, frn_bdi_id, frn_memcg_id), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) __field(unsigned int, frn_bdi_id) __field(unsigned int, frn_memcg_id) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(wb->bdi), 32); __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(wb); __entry->frn_bdi_id = frn_bdi_id; __entry->frn_memcg_id = frn_memcg_id; ), TP_printk("bdi %s: cgroup_ino=%lu frn_bdi_id=%u frn_memcg_id=%u", __entry->name, (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino, __entry->frn_bdi_id, __entry->frn_memcg_id ) ); #endif DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(writeback_write_inode_template, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc), TP_ARGS(inode, wbc), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __array(char, name, 32) __field(ino_t, ino) __field(int, sync_mode) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(inode_to_bdi(inode)), 32); __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->sync_mode = wbc->sync_mode; __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wbc_assign_cgroup(wbc); ), TP_printk("bdi %s: ino=%lu sync_mode=%d cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->name, (unsigned long)__entry->ino, __entry->sync_mode, (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino ) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_write_inode_template, writeback_write_inode_start, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc), TP_ARGS(inode, wbc) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_write_inode_template, writeback_write_inode, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc), TP_ARGS(inode, wbc) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(writeback_work_class, TP_PROTO(struct bdi_writeback *wb, struct wb_writeback_work *work), TP_ARGS(wb, work), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(long, nr_pages) __field(dev_t, sb_dev) __field(int, sync_mode) __field(int, for_kupdate) __field(int, range_cyclic) __field(int, for_background) __field(int, reason) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(wb->bdi), 32); __entry->nr_pages = work->nr_pages; __entry->sb_dev = work->sb ? work->sb->s_dev : 0; __entry->sync_mode = work->sync_mode; __entry->for_kupdate = work->for_kupdate; __entry->range_cyclic = work->range_cyclic; __entry->for_background = work->for_background; __entry->reason = work->reason; __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(wb); ), TP_printk("bdi %s: sb_dev %d:%d nr_pages=%ld sync_mode=%d " "kupdate=%d range_cyclic=%d background=%d reason=%s cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->name, MAJOR(__entry->sb_dev), MINOR(__entry->sb_dev), __entry->nr_pages, __entry->sync_mode, __entry->for_kupdate, __entry->range_cyclic, __entry->for_background, __print_symbolic(__entry->reason, WB_WORK_REASON), (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino ) ); #define DEFINE_WRITEBACK_WORK_EVENT(name) \ DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_work_class, name, \ TP_PROTO(struct bdi_writeback *wb, struct wb_writeback_work *work), \ TP_ARGS(wb, work)) DEFINE_WRITEBACK_WORK_EVENT(writeback_queue); DEFINE_WRITEBACK_WORK_EVENT(writeback_exec); DEFINE_WRITEBACK_WORK_EVENT(writeback_start); DEFINE_WRITEBACK_WORK_EVENT(writeback_written); DEFINE_WRITEBACK_WORK_EVENT(writeback_wait); TRACE_EVENT(writeback_pages_written, TP_PROTO(long pages_written), TP_ARGS(pages_written), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(long, pages) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pages = pages_written; ), TP_printk("%ld", __entry->pages) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(writeback_class, TP_PROTO(struct bdi_writeback *wb), TP_ARGS(wb), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(wb->bdi), 32); __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(wb); ), TP_printk("bdi %s: cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->name, (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino ) ); #define DEFINE_WRITEBACK_EVENT(name) \ DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_class, name, \ TP_PROTO(struct bdi_writeback *wb), \ TP_ARGS(wb)) DEFINE_WRITEBACK_EVENT(writeback_wake_background); TRACE_EVENT(writeback_bdi_register, TP_PROTO(struct backing_dev_info *bdi), TP_ARGS(bdi), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(bdi), 32); ), TP_printk("bdi %s", __entry->name ) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(wbc_class, TP_PROTO(struct writeback_control *wbc, struct backing_dev_info *bdi), TP_ARGS(wbc, bdi), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(long, nr_to_write) __field(long, pages_skipped) __field(int, sync_mode) __field(int, for_kupdate) __field(int, for_background) __field(int, for_reclaim) __field(int, range_cyclic) __field(long, range_start) __field(long, range_end) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(bdi), 32); __entry->nr_to_write = wbc->nr_to_write; __entry->pages_skipped = wbc->pages_skipped; __entry->sync_mode = wbc->sync_mode; __entry->for_kupdate = wbc->for_kupdate; __entry->for_background = wbc->for_background; __entry->for_reclaim = wbc->for_reclaim; __entry->range_cyclic = wbc->range_cyclic; __entry->range_start = (long)wbc->range_start; __entry->range_end = (long)wbc->range_end; __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wbc_assign_cgroup(wbc); ), TP_printk("bdi %s: towrt=%ld skip=%ld mode=%d kupd=%d " "bgrd=%d reclm=%d cyclic=%d " "start=0x%lx end=0x%lx cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->name, __entry->nr_to_write, __entry->pages_skipped, __entry->sync_mode, __entry->for_kupdate, __entry->for_background, __entry->for_reclaim, __entry->range_cyclic, __entry->range_start, __entry->range_end, (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino ) ) #define DEFINE_WBC_EVENT(name) \ DEFINE_EVENT(wbc_class, name, \ TP_PROTO(struct writeback_control *wbc, struct backing_dev_info *bdi), \ TP_ARGS(wbc, bdi)) DEFINE_WBC_EVENT(wbc_writepage); TRACE_EVENT(writeback_queue_io, TP_PROTO(struct bdi_writeback *wb, struct wb_writeback_work *work, unsigned long dirtied_before, int moved), TP_ARGS(wb, work, dirtied_before, moved), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(unsigned long, older) __field(long, age) __field(int, moved) __field(int, reason) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(wb->bdi), 32); __entry->older = dirtied_before; __entry->age = (jiffies - dirtied_before) * 1000 / HZ; __entry->moved = moved; __entry->reason = work->reason; __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(wb); ), TP_printk("bdi %s: older=%lu age=%ld enqueue=%d reason=%s cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->name, __entry->older, /* dirtied_before in jiffies */ __entry->age, /* dirtied_before in relative milliseconds */ __entry->moved, __print_symbolic(__entry->reason, WB_WORK_REASON), (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino ) ); TRACE_EVENT(global_dirty_state, TP_PROTO(unsigned long background_thresh, unsigned long dirty_thresh ), TP_ARGS(background_thresh, dirty_thresh ), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned long, nr_dirty) __field(unsigned long, nr_writeback) __field(unsigned long, background_thresh) __field(unsigned long, dirty_thresh) __field(unsigned long, dirty_limit) __field(unsigned long, nr_dirtied) __field(unsigned long, nr_written) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nr_dirty = global_node_page_state(NR_FILE_DIRTY); __entry->nr_writeback = global_node_page_state(NR_WRITEBACK); __entry->nr_dirtied = global_node_page_state(NR_DIRTIED); __entry->nr_written = global_node_page_state(NR_WRITTEN); __entry->background_thresh = background_thresh; __entry->dirty_thresh = dirty_thresh; __entry->dirty_limit = global_wb_domain.dirty_limit; ), TP_printk("dirty=%lu writeback=%lu " "bg_thresh=%lu thresh=%lu limit=%lu " "dirtied=%lu written=%lu", __entry->nr_dirty, __entry->nr_writeback, __entry->background_thresh, __entry->dirty_thresh, __entry->dirty_limit, __entry->nr_dirtied, __entry->nr_written ) ); #define KBps(x) ((x) << (PAGE_SHIFT - 10)) TRACE_EVENT(bdi_dirty_ratelimit, TP_PROTO(struct bdi_writeback *wb, unsigned long dirty_rate, unsigned long task_ratelimit), TP_ARGS(wb, dirty_rate, task_ratelimit), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, bdi, 32) __field(unsigned long, write_bw) __field(unsigned long, avg_write_bw) __field(unsigned long, dirty_rate) __field(unsigned long, dirty_ratelimit) __field(unsigned long, task_ratelimit) __field(unsigned long, balanced_dirty_ratelimit) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->bdi, bdi_dev_name(wb->bdi), 32); __entry->write_bw = KBps(wb->write_bandwidth); __entry->avg_write_bw = KBps(wb->avg_write_bandwidth); __entry->dirty_rate = KBps(dirty_rate); __entry->dirty_ratelimit = KBps(wb->dirty_ratelimit); __entry->task_ratelimit = KBps(task_ratelimit); __entry->balanced_dirty_ratelimit = KBps(wb->balanced_dirty_ratelimit); __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(wb); ), TP_printk("bdi %s: " "write_bw=%lu awrite_bw=%lu dirty_rate=%lu " "dirty_ratelimit=%lu task_ratelimit=%lu " "balanced_dirty_ratelimit=%lu cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->bdi, __entry->write_bw, /* write bandwidth */ __entry->avg_write_bw, /* avg write bandwidth */ __entry->dirty_rate, /* bdi dirty rate */ __entry->dirty_ratelimit, /* base ratelimit */ __entry->task_ratelimit, /* ratelimit with position control */ __entry->balanced_dirty_ratelimit, /* the balanced ratelimit */ (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino ) ); TRACE_EVENT(balance_dirty_pages, TP_PROTO(struct bdi_writeback *wb, unsigned long thresh, unsigned long bg_thresh, unsigned long dirty, unsigned long bdi_thresh, unsigned long bdi_dirty, unsigned long dirty_ratelimit, unsigned long task_ratelimit, unsigned long dirtied, unsigned long period, long pause, unsigned long start_time), TP_ARGS(wb, thresh, bg_thresh, dirty, bdi_thresh, bdi_dirty, dirty_ratelimit, task_ratelimit, dirtied, period, pause, start_time), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, bdi, 32) __field(unsigned long, limit) __field(unsigned long, setpoint) __field(unsigned long, dirty) __field(unsigned long, bdi_setpoint) __field(unsigned long, bdi_dirty) __field(unsigned long, dirty_ratelimit) __field(unsigned long, task_ratelimit) __field(unsigned int, dirtied) __field(unsigned int, dirtied_pause) __field(unsigned long, paused) __field( long, pause) __field(unsigned long, period) __field( long, think) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( unsigned long freerun = (thresh + bg_thresh) / 2; strscpy_pad(__entry->bdi, bdi_dev_name(wb->bdi), 32); __entry->limit = global_wb_domain.dirty_limit; __entry->setpoint = (global_wb_domain.dirty_limit + freerun) / 2; __entry->dirty = dirty; __entry->bdi_setpoint = __entry->setpoint * bdi_thresh / (thresh + 1); __entry->bdi_dirty = bdi_dirty; __entry->dirty_ratelimit = KBps(dirty_ratelimit); __entry->task_ratelimit = KBps(task_ratelimit); __entry->dirtied = dirtied; __entry->dirtied_pause = current->nr_dirtied_pause; __entry->think = current->dirty_paused_when == 0 ? 0 : (long)(jiffies - current->dirty_paused_when) * 1000/HZ; __entry->period = period * 1000 / HZ; __entry->pause = pause * 1000 / HZ; __entry->paused = (jiffies - start_time) * 1000 / HZ; __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(wb); ), TP_printk("bdi %s: " "limit=%lu setpoint=%lu dirty=%lu " "bdi_setpoint=%lu bdi_dirty=%lu " "dirty_ratelimit=%lu task_ratelimit=%lu " "dirtied=%u dirtied_pause=%u " "paused=%lu pause=%ld period=%lu think=%ld cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->bdi, __entry->limit, __entry->setpoint, __entry->dirty, __entry->bdi_setpoint, __entry->bdi_dirty, __entry->dirty_ratelimit, __entry->task_ratelimit, __entry->dirtied, __entry->dirtied_pause, __entry->paused, /* ms */ __entry->pause, /* ms */ __entry->period, /* ms */ __entry->think, /* ms */ (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino ) ); TRACE_EVENT(writeback_sb_inodes_requeue, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode), TP_ARGS(inode), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(ino_t, ino) __field(unsigned long, state) __field(unsigned long, dirtied_when) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(inode_to_bdi(inode)), 32); __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->state = inode->i_state; __entry->dirtied_when = inode->dirtied_when; __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(inode_to_wb(inode)); ), TP_printk("bdi %s: ino=%lu state=%s dirtied_when=%lu age=%lu cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->name, (unsigned long)__entry->ino, show_inode_state(__entry->state), __entry->dirtied_when, (jiffies - __entry->dirtied_when) / HZ, (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino ) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(writeback_congest_waited_template, TP_PROTO(unsigned int usec_timeout, unsigned int usec_delayed), TP_ARGS(usec_timeout, usec_delayed), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned int, usec_timeout ) __field( unsigned int, usec_delayed ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->usec_timeout = usec_timeout; __entry->usec_delayed = usec_delayed; ), TP_printk("usec_timeout=%u usec_delayed=%u", __entry->usec_timeout, __entry->usec_delayed) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_congest_waited_template, writeback_congestion_wait, TP_PROTO(unsigned int usec_timeout, unsigned int usec_delayed), TP_ARGS(usec_timeout, usec_delayed) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_congest_waited_template, writeback_wait_iff_congested, TP_PROTO(unsigned int usec_timeout, unsigned int usec_delayed), TP_ARGS(usec_timeout, usec_delayed) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(writeback_single_inode_template, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc, unsigned long nr_to_write ), TP_ARGS(inode, wbc, nr_to_write), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(ino_t, ino) __field(unsigned long, state) __field(unsigned long, dirtied_when) __field(unsigned long, writeback_index) __field(long, nr_to_write) __field(unsigned long, wrote) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(inode_to_bdi(inode)), 32); __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->state = inode->i_state; __entry->dirtied_when = inode->dirtied_when; __entry->writeback_index = inode->i_mapping->writeback_index; __entry->nr_to_write = nr_to_write; __entry->wrote = nr_to_write - wbc->nr_to_write; __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wbc_assign_cgroup(wbc); ), TP_printk("bdi %s: ino=%lu state=%s dirtied_when=%lu age=%lu " "index=%lu to_write=%ld wrote=%lu cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->name, (unsigned long)__entry->ino, show_inode_state(__entry->state), __entry->dirtied_when, (jiffies - __entry->dirtied_when) / HZ, __entry->writeback_index, __entry->nr_to_write, __entry->wrote, (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino ) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_single_inode_template, writeback_single_inode_start, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc, unsigned long nr_to_write), TP_ARGS(inode, wbc, nr_to_write) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_single_inode_template, writeback_single_inode, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc, unsigned long nr_to_write), TP_ARGS(inode, wbc, nr_to_write) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(writeback_inode_template, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode), TP_ARGS(inode), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field(unsigned long, state ) __field( __u16, mode ) __field(unsigned long, dirtied_when ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->state = inode->i_state; __entry->mode = inode->i_mode; __entry->dirtied_when = inode->dirtied_when; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu dirtied %lu state %s mode 0%o", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long)__entry->ino, __entry->dirtied_when, show_inode_state(__entry->state), __entry->mode) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_inode_template, writeback_lazytime, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode), TP_ARGS(inode) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_inode_template, writeback_lazytime_iput, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode), TP_ARGS(inode) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_inode_template, writeback_dirty_inode_enqueue, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode), TP_ARGS(inode) ); /* * Inode writeback list tracking. */ DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_inode_template, sb_mark_inode_writeback, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode), TP_ARGS(inode) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_inode_template, sb_clear_inode_writeback, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode), TP_ARGS(inode) ); #endif /* _TRACE_WRITEBACK_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * Tracing hooks * * Copyright (C) 2008-2009 Red Hat, Inc. All rights reserved. * * This file defines hook entry points called by core code where * user tracing/debugging support might need to do something. These * entry points are called tracehook_*(). Each hook declared below * has a detailed kerneldoc comment giving the context (locking et * al) from which it is called, and the meaning of its return value. * * Each function here typically has only one call site, so it is ok * to have some nontrivial tracehook_*() inlines. In all cases, the * fast path when no tracing is enabled should be very short. * * The purpose of this file and the tracehook_* layer is to consolidate * the interface that the kernel core and arch code uses to enable any * user debugging or tracing facility (such as ptrace). The interfaces * here are carefully documented so that maintainers of core and arch * code do not need to think about the implementation details of the * tracing facilities. Likewise, maintainers of the tracing code do not * need to understand all the calling core or arch code in detail, just * documented circumstances of each call, such as locking conditions. * * If the calling core code changes so that locking is different, then * it is ok to change the interface documented here. The maintainer of * core code changing should notify the maintainers of the tracing code * that they need to work out the change. * * Some tracehook_*() inlines take arguments that the current tracing * implementations might not necessarily use. These function signatures * are chosen to pass in all the information that is on hand in the * caller and might conceivably be relevant to a tracer, so that the * core code won't have to be updated when tracing adds more features. * If a call site changes so that some of those parameters are no longer * already on hand without extra work, then the tracehook_* interface * can change so there is no make-work burden on the core code. The * maintainer of core code changing should notify the maintainers of the * tracing code that they need to work out the change. */ #ifndef _LINUX_TRACEHOOK_H #define _LINUX_TRACEHOOK_H 1 #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/task_work.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/blk-cgroup.h> struct linux_binprm; /* * ptrace report for syscall entry and exit looks identical. */ static inline int ptrace_report_syscall(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long message) { int ptrace = current->ptrace; if (!(ptrace & PT_PTRACED)) return 0; current->ptrace_message = message; ptrace_notify(SIGTRAP | ((ptrace & PT_TRACESYSGOOD) ? 0x80 : 0)); /* * this isn't the same as continuing with a signal, but it will do * for normal use. strace only continues with a signal if the * stopping signal is not SIGTRAP. -brl */ if (current->exit_code) { send_sig(current->exit_code, current, 1); current->exit_code = 0; } current->ptrace_message = 0; return fatal_signal_pending(current); } /** * tracehook_report_syscall_entry - task is about to attempt a system call * @regs: user register state of current task * * This will be called if %TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE or %TIF_SYSCALL_EMU have been set, * when the current task has just entered the kernel for a system call. * Full user register state is available here. Changing the values * in @regs can affect the system call number and arguments to be tried. * It is safe to block here, preventing the system call from beginning. * * Returns zero normally, or nonzero if the calling arch code should abort * the system call. That must prevent normal entry so no system call is * made. If @task ever returns to user mode after this, its register state * is unspecified, but should be something harmless like an %ENOSYS error * return. It should preserve enough information so that syscall_rollback() * can work (see asm-generic/syscall.h). * * Called without locks, just after entering kernel mode. */ static inline __must_check int tracehook_report_syscall_entry( struct pt_regs *regs) { return ptrace_report_syscall(regs, PTRACE_EVENTMSG_SYSCALL_ENTRY); } /** * tracehook_report_syscall_exit - task has just finished a system call * @regs: user register state of current task * @step: nonzero if simulating single-step or block-step * * This will be called if %TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE has been set, when the * current task has just finished an attempted system call. Full * user register state is available here. It is safe to block here, * preventing signals from being processed. * * If @step is nonzero, this report is also in lieu of the normal * trap that would follow the system call instruction because * user_enable_block_step() or user_enable_single_step() was used. * In this case, %TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE might not be set. * * Called without locks, just before checking for pending signals. */ static inline void tracehook_report_syscall_exit(struct pt_regs *regs, int step) { if (step) user_single_step_report(regs); else ptrace_report_syscall(regs, PTRACE_EVENTMSG_SYSCALL_EXIT); } /** * tracehook_signal_handler - signal handler setup is complete * @stepping: nonzero if debugger single-step or block-step in use * * Called by the arch code after a signal handler has been set up. * Register and stack state reflects the user handler about to run. * Signal mask changes have already been made. * * Called without locks, shortly before returning to user mode * (or handling more signals). */ static inline void tracehook_signal_handler(int stepping) { if (stepping) ptrace_notify(SIGTRAP); } /** * set_notify_resume - cause tracehook_notify_resume() to be called * @task: task that will call tracehook_notify_resume() * * Calling this arranges that @task will call tracehook_notify_resume() * before returning to user mode. If it's already running in user mode, * it will enter the kernel and call tracehook_notify_resume() soon. * If it's blocked, it will not be woken. */ static inline void set_notify_resume(struct task_struct *task) { #ifdef TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME if (!test_and_set_tsk_thread_flag(task, TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME)) kick_process(task); #endif } /** * tracehook_notify_resume - report when about to return to user mode * @regs: user-mode registers of @current task * * This is called when %TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME has been set. Now we are * about to return to user mode, and the user state in @regs can be * inspected or adjusted. The caller in arch code has cleared * %TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME before the call. If the flag gets set again * asynchronously, this will be called again before we return to * user mode. * * Called without locks. */ static inline void tracehook_notify_resume(struct pt_regs *regs) { clear_thread_flag(TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME); /* * This barrier pairs with task_work_add()->set_notify_resume() after * hlist_add_head(task->task_works); */ smp_mb__after_atomic(); if (unlikely(current->task_works)) task_work_run(); #ifdef CONFIG_KEYS_REQUEST_CACHE if (unlikely(current->cached_requested_key)) { key_put(current->cached_requested_key); current->cached_requested_key = NULL; } #endif mem_cgroup_handle_over_high(); blkcg_maybe_throttle_current(); } #endif /* <linux/tracehook.h> */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * Fast and scalable bitmaps. * * Copyright (C) 2016 Facebook * Copyright (C) 2013-2014 Jens Axboe */ #ifndef __LINUX_SCALE_BITMAP_H #define __LINUX_SCALE_BITMAP_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/slab.h> struct seq_file; /** * struct sbitmap_word - Word in a &struct sbitmap. */ struct sbitmap_word { /** * @depth: Number of bits being used in @word/@cleared */ unsigned long depth; /** * @word: word holding free bits */ unsigned long word ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /** * @cleared: word holding cleared bits */ unsigned long cleared ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /** * @swap_lock: Held while swapping word <-> cleared */ spinlock_t swap_lock; } ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /** * struct sbitmap - Scalable bitmap. * * A &struct sbitmap is spread over multiple cachelines to avoid ping-pong. This * trades off higher memory usage for better scalability. */ struct sbitmap { /** * @depth: Number of bits used in the whole bitmap. */ unsigned int depth; /** * @shift: log2(number of bits used per word) */ unsigned int shift; /** * @map_nr: Number of words (cachelines) being used for the bitmap. */ unsigned int map_nr; /** * @map: Allocated bitmap. */ struct sbitmap_word *map; }; #define SBQ_WAIT_QUEUES 8 #define SBQ_WAKE_BATCH 8 /** * struct sbq_wait_state - Wait queue in a &struct sbitmap_queue. */ struct sbq_wait_state { /** * @wait_cnt: Number of frees remaining before we wake up. */ atomic_t wait_cnt; /** * @wait: Wait queue. */ wait_queue_head_t wait; } ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /** * struct sbitmap_queue - Scalable bitmap with the added ability to wait on free * bits. * * A &struct sbitmap_queue uses multiple wait queues and rolling wakeups to * avoid contention on the wait queue spinlock. This ensures that we don't hit a * scalability wall when we run out of free bits and have to start putting tasks * to sleep. */ struct sbitmap_queue { /** * @sb: Scalable bitmap. */ struct sbitmap sb; /* * @alloc_hint: Cache of last successfully allocated or freed bit. * * This is per-cpu, which allows multiple users to stick to different * cachelines until the map is exhausted. */ unsigned int __percpu *alloc_hint; /** * @wake_batch: Number of bits which must be freed before we wake up any * waiters. */ unsigned int wake_batch; /** * @wake_index: Next wait queue in @ws to wake up. */ atomic_t wake_index; /** * @ws: Wait queues. */ struct sbq_wait_state *ws; /* * @ws_active: count of currently active ws waitqueues */ atomic_t ws_active; /** * @round_robin: Allocate bits in strict round-robin order. */ bool round_robin; /** * @min_shallow_depth: The minimum shallow depth which may be passed to * sbitmap_queue_get_shallow() or __sbitmap_queue_get_shallow(). */ unsigned int min_shallow_depth; }; /** * sbitmap_init_node() - Initialize a &struct sbitmap on a specific memory node. * @sb: Bitmap to initialize. * @depth: Number of bits to allocate. * @shift: Use 2^@shift bits per word in the bitmap; if a negative number if * given, a good default is chosen. * @flags: Allocation flags. * @node: Memory node to allocate on. * * Return: Zero on success or negative errno on failure. */ int sbitmap_init_node(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int depth, int shift, gfp_t flags, int node); /** * sbitmap_free() - Free memory used by a &struct sbitmap. * @sb: Bitmap to free. */ static inline void sbitmap_free(struct sbitmap *sb) { kfree(sb->map); sb->map = NULL; } /** * sbitmap_resize() - Resize a &struct sbitmap. * @sb: Bitmap to resize. * @depth: New number of bits to resize to. * * Doesn't reallocate anything. It's up to the caller to ensure that the new * depth doesn't exceed the depth that the sb was initialized with. */ void sbitmap_resize(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int depth); /** * sbitmap_get() - Try to allocate a free bit from a &struct sbitmap. * @sb: Bitmap to allocate from. * @alloc_hint: Hint for where to start searching for a free bit. * @round_robin: If true, be stricter about allocation order; always allocate * starting from the last allocated bit. This is less efficient * than the default behavior (false). * * This operation provides acquire barrier semantics if it succeeds. * * Return: Non-negative allocated bit number if successful, -1 otherwise. */ int sbitmap_get(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int alloc_hint, bool round_robin); /** * sbitmap_get_shallow() - Try to allocate a free bit from a &struct sbitmap, * limiting the depth used from each word. * @sb: Bitmap to allocate from. * @alloc_hint: Hint for where to start searching for a free bit. * @shallow_depth: The maximum number of bits to allocate from a single word. * * This rather specific operation allows for having multiple users with * different allocation limits. E.g., there can be a high-priority class that * uses sbitmap_get() and a low-priority class that uses sbitmap_get_shallow() * with a @shallow_depth of (1 << (@sb->shift - 1)). Then, the low-priority * class can only allocate half of the total bits in the bitmap, preventing it * from starving out the high-priority class. * * Return: Non-negative allocated bit number if successful, -1 otherwise. */ int sbitmap_get_shallow(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int alloc_hint, unsigned long shallow_depth); /** * sbitmap_any_bit_set() - Check for a set bit in a &struct sbitmap. * @sb: Bitmap to check. * * Return: true if any bit in the bitmap is set, false otherwise. */ bool sbitmap_any_bit_set(const struct sbitmap *sb); #define SB_NR_TO_INDEX(sb, bitnr) ((bitnr) >> (sb)->shift) #define SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, bitnr) ((bitnr) & ((1U << (sb)->shift) - 1U)) typedef bool (*sb_for_each_fn)(struct sbitmap *, unsigned int, void *); /** * __sbitmap_for_each_set() - Iterate over each set bit in a &struct sbitmap. * @start: Where to start the iteration. * @sb: Bitmap to iterate over. * @fn: Callback. Should return true to continue or false to break early. * @data: Pointer to pass to callback. * * This is inline even though it's non-trivial so that the function calls to the * callback will hopefully get optimized away. */ static inline void __sbitmap_for_each_set(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int start, sb_for_each_fn fn, void *data) { unsigned int index; unsigned int nr; unsigned int scanned = 0; if (start >= sb->depth) start = 0; index = SB_NR_TO_INDEX(sb, start); nr = SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, start); while (scanned < sb->depth) { unsigned long word; unsigned int depth = min_t(unsigned int, sb->map[index].depth - nr, sb->depth - scanned); scanned += depth; word = sb->map[index].word & ~sb->map[index].cleared; if (!word) goto next; /* * On the first iteration of the outer loop, we need to add the * bit offset back to the size of the word for find_next_bit(). * On all other iterations, nr is zero, so this is a noop. */ depth += nr; while (1) { nr = find_next_bit(&word, depth, nr); if (nr >= depth) break; if (!fn(sb, (index << sb->shift) + nr, data)) return; nr++; } next: nr = 0; if (++index >= sb->map_nr) index = 0; } } /** * sbitmap_for_each_set() - Iterate over each set bit in a &struct sbitmap. * @sb: Bitmap to iterate over. * @fn: Callback. Should return true to continue or false to break early. * @data: Pointer to pass to callback. */ static inline void sbitmap_for_each_set(struct sbitmap *sb, sb_for_each_fn fn, void *data) { __sbitmap_for_each_set(sb, 0, fn, data); } static inline unsigned long *__sbitmap_word(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int bitnr) { return &sb->map[SB_NR_TO_INDEX(sb, bitnr)].word; } /* Helpers equivalent to the operations in asm/bitops.h and linux/bitmap.h */ static inline void sbitmap_set_bit(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int bitnr) { set_bit(SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, bitnr), __sbitmap_word(sb, bitnr)); } static inline void sbitmap_clear_bit(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int bitnr) { clear_bit(SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, bitnr), __sbitmap_word(sb, bitnr)); } /* * This one is special, since it doesn't actually clear the bit, rather it * sets the corresponding bit in the ->cleared mask instead. Paired with * the caller doing sbitmap_deferred_clear() if a given index is full, which * will clear the previously freed entries in the corresponding ->word. */ static inline void sbitmap_deferred_clear_bit(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int bitnr) { unsigned long *addr = &sb->map[SB_NR_TO_INDEX(sb, bitnr)].cleared; set_bit(SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, bitnr), addr); } static inline void sbitmap_clear_bit_unlock(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int bitnr) { clear_bit_unlock(SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, bitnr), __sbitmap_word(sb, bitnr)); } static inline int sbitmap_test_bit(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int bitnr) { return test_bit(SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, bitnr), __sbitmap_word(sb, bitnr)); } /** * sbitmap_show() - Dump &struct sbitmap information to a &struct seq_file. * @sb: Bitmap to show. * @m: struct seq_file to write to. * * This is intended for debugging. The format may change at any time. */ void sbitmap_show(struct sbitmap *sb, struct seq_file *m); /** * sbitmap_bitmap_show() - Write a hex dump of a &struct sbitmap to a &struct * seq_file. * @sb: Bitmap to show. * @m: struct seq_file to write to. * * This is intended for debugging. The output isn't guaranteed to be internally * consistent. */ void sbitmap_bitmap_show(struct sbitmap *sb, struct seq_file *m); /** * sbitmap_queue_init_node() - Initialize a &struct sbitmap_queue on a specific * memory node. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to initialize. * @depth: See sbitmap_init_node(). * @shift: See sbitmap_init_node(). * @round_robin: See sbitmap_get(). * @flags: Allocation flags. * @node: Memory node to allocate on. * * Return: Zero on success or negative errno on failure. */ int sbitmap_queue_init_node(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int depth, int shift, bool round_robin, gfp_t flags, int node); /** * sbitmap_queue_free() - Free memory used by a &struct sbitmap_queue. * * @sbq: Bitmap queue to free. */ static inline void sbitmap_queue_free(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq) { kfree(sbq->ws); free_percpu(sbq->alloc_hint); sbitmap_free(&sbq->sb); } /** * sbitmap_queue_resize() - Resize a &struct sbitmap_queue. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to resize. * @depth: New number of bits to resize to. * * Like sbitmap_resize(), this doesn't reallocate anything. It has to do * some extra work on the &struct sbitmap_queue, so it's not safe to just * resize the underlying &struct sbitmap. */ void sbitmap_queue_resize(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int depth); /** * __sbitmap_queue_get() - Try to allocate a free bit from a &struct * sbitmap_queue with preemption already disabled. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to allocate from. * * Return: Non-negative allocated bit number if successful, -1 otherwise. */ int __sbitmap_queue_get(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq); /** * __sbitmap_queue_get_shallow() - Try to allocate a free bit from a &struct * sbitmap_queue, limiting the depth used from each word, with preemption * already disabled. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to allocate from. * @shallow_depth: The maximum number of bits to allocate from a single word. * See sbitmap_get_shallow(). * * If you call this, make sure to call sbitmap_queue_min_shallow_depth() after * initializing @sbq. * * Return: Non-negative allocated bit number if successful, -1 otherwise. */ int __sbitmap_queue_get_shallow(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int shallow_depth); /** * sbitmap_queue_get() - Try to allocate a free bit from a &struct * sbitmap_queue. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to allocate from. * @cpu: Output parameter; will contain the CPU we ran on (e.g., to be passed to * sbitmap_queue_clear()). * * Return: Non-negative allocated bit number if successful, -1 otherwise. */ static inline int sbitmap_queue_get(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int *cpu) { int nr; *cpu = get_cpu(); nr = __sbitmap_queue_get(sbq); put_cpu(); return nr; } /** * sbitmap_queue_get_shallow() - Try to allocate a free bit from a &struct * sbitmap_queue, limiting the depth used from each word. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to allocate from. * @cpu: Output parameter; will contain the CPU we ran on (e.g., to be passed to * sbitmap_queue_clear()). * @shallow_depth: The maximum number of bits to allocate from a single word. * See sbitmap_get_shallow(). * * If you call this, make sure to call sbitmap_queue_min_shallow_depth() after * initializing @sbq. * * Return: Non-negative allocated bit number if successful, -1 otherwise. */ static inline int sbitmap_queue_get_shallow(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int *cpu, unsigned int shallow_depth) { int nr; *cpu = get_cpu(); nr = __sbitmap_queue_get_shallow(sbq, shallow_depth); put_cpu(); return nr; } /** * sbitmap_queue_min_shallow_depth() - Inform a &struct sbitmap_queue of the * minimum shallow depth that will be used. * @sbq: Bitmap queue in question. * @min_shallow_depth: The minimum shallow depth that will be passed to * sbitmap_queue_get_shallow() or __sbitmap_queue_get_shallow(). * * sbitmap_queue_clear() batches wakeups as an optimization. The batch size * depends on the depth of the bitmap. Since the shallow allocation functions * effectively operate with a different depth, the shallow depth must be taken * into account when calculating the batch size. This function must be called * with the minimum shallow depth that will be used. Failure to do so can result * in missed wakeups. */ void sbitmap_queue_min_shallow_depth(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int min_shallow_depth); /** * sbitmap_queue_clear() - Free an allocated bit and wake up waiters on a * &struct sbitmap_queue. * @sbq: Bitmap to free from. * @nr: Bit number to free. * @cpu: CPU the bit was allocated on. */ void sbitmap_queue_clear(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int nr, unsigned int cpu); static inline int sbq_index_inc(int index) { return (index + 1) & (SBQ_WAIT_QUEUES - 1); } static inline void sbq_index_atomic_inc(atomic_t *index) { int old = atomic_read(index); int new = sbq_index_inc(old); atomic_cmpxchg(index, old, new); } /** * sbq_wait_ptr() - Get the next wait queue to use for a &struct * sbitmap_queue. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to wait on. * @wait_index: A counter per "user" of @sbq. */ static inline struct sbq_wait_state *sbq_wait_ptr(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, atomic_t *wait_index) { struct sbq_wait_state *ws; ws = &sbq->ws[atomic_read(wait_index)]; sbq_index_atomic_inc(wait_index); return ws; } /** * sbitmap_queue_wake_all() - Wake up everything waiting on a &struct * sbitmap_queue. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to wake up. */ void sbitmap_queue_wake_all(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq); /** * sbitmap_queue_wake_up() - Wake up some of waiters in one waitqueue * on a &struct sbitmap_queue. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to wake up. */ void sbitmap_queue_wake_up(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq); /** * sbitmap_queue_show() - Dump &struct sbitmap_queue information to a &struct * seq_file. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to show. * @m: struct seq_file to write to. * * This is intended for debugging. The format may change at any time. */ void sbitmap_queue_show(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, struct seq_file *m); struct sbq_wait { struct sbitmap_queue *sbq; /* if set, sbq_wait is accounted */ struct wait_queue_entry wait; }; #define DEFINE_SBQ_WAIT(name) \ struct sbq_wait name = { \ .sbq = NULL, \ .wait = { \ .private = current, \ .func = autoremove_wake_function, \ .entry = LIST_HEAD_INIT((name).wait.entry), \ } \ } /* * Wrapper around prepare_to_wait_exclusive(), which maintains some extra * internal state. */ void sbitmap_prepare_to_wait(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, struct sbq_wait_state *ws, struct sbq_wait *sbq_wait, int state); /* * Must be paired with sbitmap_prepare_to_wait(). */ void sbitmap_finish_wait(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, struct sbq_wait_state *ws, struct sbq_wait *sbq_wait); /* * Wrapper around add_wait_queue(), which maintains some extra internal state */ void sbitmap_add_wait_queue(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, struct sbq_wait_state *ws, struct sbq_wait *sbq_wait); /* * Must be paired with sbitmap_add_wait_queue() */ void sbitmap_del_wait_queue(struct sbq_wait *sbq_wait); #endif /* __LINUX_SCALE_BITMAP_H */
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4021 4022 4023 4024 4025 4026 4027 4028 4029 4030 4031 4032 4033 4034 4035 4036 4037 4038 4039 4040 4041 4042 4043 4044 4045 4046 4047 4048 4049 4050 4051 4052 4053 4054 4055 4056 4057 4058 4059 4060 4061 4062 4063 4064 4065 4066 4067 4068 4069 4070 4071 4072 4073 4074 4075 4076 4077 4078 4079 4080 4081 4082 4083 4084 4085 4086 4087 4088 4089 4090 4091 4092 4093 4094 4095 4096 4097 4098 4099 4100 4101 4102 4103 4104 4105 4106 4107 4108 4109 4110 4111 4112 4113 4114 4115 4116 4117 4118 4119 4120 4121 4122 4123 4124 4125 4126 4127 4128 4129 4130 4131 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/fs/namespace.c * * (C) Copyright Al Viro 2000, 2001 * * Based on code from fs/super.c, copyright Linus Torvalds and others. * Heavily rewritten. */ #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/mnt_namespace.h> #include <linux/user_namespace.h> #include <linux/namei.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/cred.h> #include <linux/idr.h> #include <linux/init.h> /* init_rootfs */ #include <linux/fs_struct.h> /* get_fs_root et.al. */ #include <linux/fsnotify.h> /* fsnotify_vfsmount_delete */ #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/proc_ns.h> #include <linux/magic.h> #include <linux/memblock.h> #include <linux/task_work.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <uapi/linux/mount.h> #include <linux/fs_context.h> #include <linux/shmem_fs.h> #include "pnode.h" #include "internal.h" /* Maximum number of mounts in a mount namespace */ unsigned int sysctl_mount_max __read_mostly = 100000; static unsigned int m_hash_mask __read_mostly; static unsigned int m_hash_shift __read_mostly; static unsigned int mp_hash_mask __read_mostly; static unsigned int mp_hash_shift __read_mostly; static __initdata unsigned long mhash_entries; static int __init set_mhash_entries(char *str) { if (!str) return 0; mhash_entries = simple_strtoul(str, &str, 0); return 1; } __setup("mhash_entries=", set_mhash_entries); static __initdata unsigned long mphash_entries; static int __init set_mphash_entries(char *str) { if (!str) return 0; mphash_entries = simple_strtoul(str, &str, 0); return 1; } __setup("mphash_entries=", set_mphash_entries); static u64 event; static DEFINE_IDA(mnt_id_ida); static DEFINE_IDA(mnt_group_ida); static struct hlist_head *mount_hashtable __read_mostly; static struct hlist_head *mountpoint_hashtable __read_mostly; static struct kmem_cache *mnt_cache __read_mostly; static DECLARE_RWSEM(namespace_sem); static HLIST_HEAD(unmounted); /* protected by namespace_sem */ static LIST_HEAD(ex_mountpoints); /* protected by namespace_sem */ /* /sys/fs */ struct kobject *fs_kobj; EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fs_kobj); /* * vfsmount lock may be taken for read to prevent changes to the * vfsmount hash, ie. during mountpoint lookups or walking back * up the tree. * * It should be taken for write in all cases where the vfsmount * tree or hash is modified or when a vfsmount structure is modified. */ __cacheline_aligned_in_smp DEFINE_SEQLOCK(mount_lock); static inline struct hlist_head *m_hash(struct vfsmount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry) { unsigned long tmp = ((unsigned long)mnt / L1_CACHE_BYTES); tmp += ((unsigned long)dentry / L1_CACHE_BYTES); tmp = tmp + (tmp >> m_hash_shift); return &mount_hashtable[tmp & m_hash_mask]; } static inline struct hlist_head *mp_hash(struct dentry *dentry) { unsigned long tmp = ((unsigned long)dentry / L1_CACHE_BYTES); tmp = tmp + (tmp >> mp_hash_shift); return &mountpoint_hashtable[tmp & mp_hash_mask]; } static int mnt_alloc_id(struct mount *mnt) { int res = ida_alloc(&mnt_id_ida, GFP_KERNEL); if (res < 0) return res; mnt->mnt_id = res; return 0; } static void mnt_free_id(struct mount *mnt) { ida_free(&mnt_id_ida, mnt->mnt_id); } /* * Allocate a new peer group ID */ static int mnt_alloc_group_id(struct mount *mnt) { int res = ida_alloc_min(&mnt_group_ida, 1, GFP_KERNEL); if (res < 0) return res; mnt->mnt_group_id = res; return 0; } /* * Release a peer group ID */ void mnt_release_group_id(struct mount *mnt) { ida_free(&mnt_group_ida, mnt->mnt_group_id); mnt->mnt_group_id = 0; } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for read */ static inline void mnt_add_count(struct mount *mnt, int n) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP this_cpu_add(mnt->mnt_pcp->mnt_count, n); #else preempt_disable(); mnt->mnt_count += n; preempt_enable(); #endif } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for write */ int mnt_get_count(struct mount *mnt) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP int count = 0; int cpu; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { count += per_cpu_ptr(mnt->mnt_pcp, cpu)->mnt_count; } return count; #else return mnt->mnt_count; #endif } static struct mount *alloc_vfsmnt(const char *name) { struct mount *mnt = kmem_cache_zalloc(mnt_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (mnt) { int err; err = mnt_alloc_id(mnt); if (err) goto out_free_cache; if (name) { mnt->mnt_devname = kstrdup_const(name, GFP_KERNEL); if (!mnt->mnt_devname) goto out_free_id; } #ifdef CONFIG_SMP mnt->mnt_pcp = alloc_percpu(struct mnt_pcp); if (!mnt->mnt_pcp) goto out_free_devname; this_cpu_add(mnt->mnt_pcp->mnt_count, 1); #else mnt->mnt_count = 1; mnt->mnt_writers = 0; #endif INIT_HLIST_NODE(&mnt->mnt_hash); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_child); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_mounts); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_list); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_expire); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_share); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_slave_list); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_slave); INIT_HLIST_NODE(&mnt->mnt_mp_list); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_umounting); INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_stuck_children); } return mnt; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP out_free_devname: kfree_const(mnt->mnt_devname); #endif out_free_id: mnt_free_id(mnt); out_free_cache: kmem_cache_free(mnt_cache, mnt); return NULL; } /* * Most r/o checks on a fs are for operations that take * discrete amounts of time, like a write() or unlink(). * We must keep track of when those operations start * (for permission checks) and when they end, so that * we can determine when writes are able to occur to * a filesystem. */ /* * __mnt_is_readonly: check whether a mount is read-only * @mnt: the mount to check for its write status * * This shouldn't be used directly ouside of the VFS. * It does not guarantee that the filesystem will stay * r/w, just that it is right *now*. This can not and * should not be used in place of IS_RDONLY(inode). * mnt_want/drop_write() will _keep_ the filesystem * r/w. */ bool __mnt_is_readonly(struct vfsmount *mnt) { return (mnt->mnt_flags & MNT_READONLY) || sb_rdonly(mnt->mnt_sb); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__mnt_is_readonly); static inline void mnt_inc_writers(struct mount *mnt) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP this_cpu_inc(mnt->mnt_pcp->mnt_writers); #else mnt->mnt_writers++; #endif } static inline void mnt_dec_writers(struct mount *mnt) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP this_cpu_dec(mnt->mnt_pcp->mnt_writers); #else mnt->mnt_writers--; #endif } static unsigned int mnt_get_writers(struct mount *mnt) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP unsigned int count = 0; int cpu; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { count += per_cpu_ptr(mnt->mnt_pcp, cpu)->mnt_writers; } return count; #else return mnt->mnt_writers; #endif } static int mnt_is_readonly(struct vfsmount *mnt) { if (mnt->mnt_sb->s_readonly_remount) return 1; /* Order wrt setting s_flags/s_readonly_remount in do_remount() */ smp_rmb(); return __mnt_is_readonly(mnt); } /* * Most r/o & frozen checks on a fs are for operations that take discrete * amounts of time, like a write() or unlink(). We must keep track of when * those operations start (for permission checks) and when they end, so that we * can determine when writes are able to occur to a filesystem. */ /** * __mnt_want_write - get write access to a mount without freeze protection * @m: the mount on which to take a write * * This tells the low-level filesystem that a write is about to be performed to * it, and makes sure that writes are allowed (mnt it read-write) before * returning success. This operation does not protect against filesystem being * frozen. When the write operation is finished, __mnt_drop_write() must be * called. This is effectively a refcount. */ int __mnt_want_write(struct vfsmount *m) { struct mount *mnt = real_mount(m); int ret = 0; preempt_disable(); mnt_inc_writers(mnt); /* * The store to mnt_inc_writers must be visible before we pass * MNT_WRITE_HOLD loop below, so that the slowpath can see our * incremented count after it has set MNT_WRITE_HOLD. */ smp_mb(); while (READ_ONCE(mnt->mnt.mnt_flags) & MNT_WRITE_HOLD) cpu_relax(); /* * After the slowpath clears MNT_WRITE_HOLD, mnt_is_readonly will * be set to match its requirements. So we must not load that until * MNT_WRITE_HOLD is cleared. */ smp_rmb(); if (mnt_is_readonly(m)) { mnt_dec_writers(mnt); ret = -EROFS; } preempt_enable(); return ret; } /** * mnt_want_write - get write access to a mount * @m: the mount on which to take a write * * This tells the low-level filesystem that a write is about to be performed to * it, and makes sure that writes are allowed (mount is read-write, filesystem * is not frozen) before returning success. When the write operation is * finished, mnt_drop_write() must be called. This is effectively a refcount. */ int mnt_want_write(struct vfsmount *m) { int ret; sb_start_write(m->mnt_sb); ret = __mnt_want_write(m); if (ret) sb_end_write(m->mnt_sb); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mnt_want_write); /** * mnt_clone_write - get write access to a mount * @mnt: the mount on which to take a write * * This is effectively like mnt_want_write, except * it must only be used to take an extra write reference * on a mountpoint that we already know has a write reference * on it. This allows some optimisation. * * After finished, mnt_drop_write must be called as usual to * drop the reference. */ int mnt_clone_write(struct vfsmount *mnt) { /* superblock may be r/o */ if (__mnt_is_readonly(mnt)) return -EROFS; preempt_disable(); mnt_inc_writers(real_mount(mnt)); preempt_enable(); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mnt_clone_write); /** * __mnt_want_write_file - get write access to a file's mount * @file: the file who's mount on which to take a write * * This is like __mnt_want_write, but it takes a file and can * do some optimisations if the file is open for write already */ int __mnt_want_write_file(struct file *file) { if (!(file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITER)) return __mnt_want_write(file->f_path.mnt); else return mnt_clone_write(file->f_path.mnt); } /** * mnt_want_write_file - get write access to a file's mount * @file: the file who's mount on which to take a write * * This is like mnt_want_write, but it takes a file and can * do some optimisations if the file is open for write already */ int mnt_want_write_file(struct file *file) { int ret; sb_start_write(file_inode(file)->i_sb); ret = __mnt_want_write_file(file); if (ret) sb_end_write(file_inode(file)->i_sb); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mnt_want_write_file); /** * __mnt_drop_write - give up write access to a mount * @mnt: the mount on which to give up write access * * Tells the low-level filesystem that we are done * performing writes to it. Must be matched with * __mnt_want_write() call above. */ void __mnt_drop_write(struct vfsmount *mnt) { preempt_disable(); mnt_dec_writers(real_mount(mnt)); preempt_enable(); } /** * mnt_drop_write - give up write access to a mount * @mnt: the mount on which to give up write access * * Tells the low-level filesystem that we are done performing writes to it and * also allows filesystem to be frozen again. Must be matched with * mnt_want_write() call above. */ void mnt_drop_write(struct vfsmount *mnt) { __mnt_drop_write(mnt); sb_end_write(mnt->mnt_sb); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mnt_drop_write); void __mnt_drop_write_file(struct file *file) { __mnt_drop_write(file->f_path.mnt); } void mnt_drop_write_file(struct file *file) { __mnt_drop_write_file(file); sb_end_write(file_inode(file)->i_sb); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(mnt_drop_write_file); static int mnt_make_readonly(struct mount *mnt) { int ret = 0; lock_mount_hash(); mnt->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_WRITE_HOLD; /* * After storing MNT_WRITE_HOLD, we'll read the counters. This store * should be visible before we do. */ smp_mb(); /* * With writers on hold, if this value is zero, then there are * definitely no active writers (although held writers may subsequently * increment the count, they'll have to wait, and decrement it after * seeing MNT_READONLY). * * It is OK to have counter incremented on one CPU and decremented on * another: the sum will add up correctly. The danger would be when we * sum up each counter, if we read a counter before it is incremented, * but then read another CPU's count which it has been subsequently * decremented from -- we would see more decrements than we should. * MNT_WRITE_HOLD protects against this scenario, because * mnt_want_write first increments count, then smp_mb, then spins on * MNT_WRITE_HOLD, so it can't be decremented by another CPU while * we're counting up here. */ if (mnt_get_writers(mnt) > 0) ret = -EBUSY; else mnt->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_READONLY; /* * MNT_READONLY must become visible before ~MNT_WRITE_HOLD, so writers * that become unheld will see MNT_READONLY. */ smp_wmb(); mnt->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_WRITE_HOLD; unlock_mount_hash(); return ret; } static int __mnt_unmake_readonly(struct mount *mnt) { lock_mount_hash(); mnt->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_READONLY; unlock_mount_hash(); return 0; } int sb_prepare_remount_readonly(struct super_block *sb) { struct mount *mnt; int err = 0; /* Racy optimization. Recheck the counter under MNT_WRITE_HOLD */ if (atomic_long_read(&sb->s_remove_count)) return -EBUSY; lock_mount_hash(); list_for_each_entry(mnt, &sb->s_mounts, mnt_instance) { if (!(mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_READONLY)) { mnt->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_WRITE_HOLD; smp_mb(); if (mnt_get_writers(mnt) > 0) { err = -EBUSY; break; } } } if (!err && atomic_long_read(&sb->s_remove_count)) err = -EBUSY; if (!err) { sb->s_readonly_remount = 1; smp_wmb(); } list_for_each_entry(mnt, &sb->s_mounts, mnt_instance) { if (mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_WRITE_HOLD) mnt->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_WRITE_HOLD; } unlock_mount_hash(); return err; } static void free_vfsmnt(struct mount *mnt) { kfree_const(mnt->mnt_devname); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP free_percpu(mnt->mnt_pcp); #endif kmem_cache_free(mnt_cache, mnt); } static void delayed_free_vfsmnt(struct rcu_head *head) { free_vfsmnt(container_of(head, struct mount, mnt_rcu)); } /* call under rcu_read_lock */ int __legitimize_mnt(struct vfsmount *bastard, unsigned seq) { struct mount *mnt; if (read_seqretry(&mount_lock, seq)) return 1; if (bastard == NULL) return 0; mnt = real_mount(bastard); mnt_add_count(mnt, 1); smp_mb(); // see mntput_no_expire() if (likely(!read_seqretry(&mount_lock, seq))) return 0; if (bastard->mnt_flags & MNT_SYNC_UMOUNT) { mnt_add_count(mnt, -1); return 1; } lock_mount_hash(); if (unlikely(bastard->mnt_flags & MNT_DOOMED)) { mnt_add_count(mnt, -1); unlock_mount_hash(); return 1; } unlock_mount_hash(); /* caller will mntput() */ return -1; } /* call under rcu_read_lock */ bool legitimize_mnt(struct vfsmount *bastard, unsigned seq) { int res = __legitimize_mnt(bastard, seq); if (likely(!res)) return true; if (unlikely(res < 0)) { rcu_read_unlock(); mntput(bastard); rcu_read_lock(); } return false; } /* * find the first mount at @dentry on vfsmount @mnt. * call under rcu_read_lock() */ struct mount *__lookup_mnt(struct vfsmount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry) { struct hlist_head *head = m_hash(mnt, dentry); struct mount *p; hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(p, head, mnt_hash) if (&p->mnt_parent->mnt == mnt && p->mnt_mountpoint == dentry) return p; return NULL; } /* * lookup_mnt - Return the first child mount mounted at path * * "First" means first mounted chronologically. If you create the * following mounts: * * mount /dev/sda1 /mnt * mount /dev/sda2 /mnt * mount /dev/sda3 /mnt * * Then lookup_mnt() on the base /mnt dentry in the root mount will * return successively the root dentry and vfsmount of /dev/sda1, then * /dev/sda2, then /dev/sda3, then NULL. * * lookup_mnt takes a reference to the found vfsmount. */ struct vfsmount *lookup_mnt(const struct path *path) { struct mount *child_mnt; struct vfsmount *m; unsigned seq; rcu_read_lock(); do { seq = read_seqbegin(&mount_lock); child_mnt = __lookup_mnt(path->mnt, path->dentry); m = child_mnt ? &child_mnt->mnt : NULL; } while (!legitimize_mnt(m, seq)); rcu_read_unlock(); return m; } static inline void lock_ns_list(struct mnt_namespace *ns) { spin_lock(&ns->ns_lock); } static inline void unlock_ns_list(struct mnt_namespace *ns) { spin_unlock(&ns->ns_lock); } static inline bool mnt_is_cursor(struct mount *mnt) { return mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_CURSOR; } /* * __is_local_mountpoint - Test to see if dentry is a mountpoint in the * current mount namespace. * * The common case is dentries are not mountpoints at all and that * test is handled inline. For the slow case when we are actually * dealing with a mountpoint of some kind, walk through all of the * mounts in the current mount namespace and test to see if the dentry * is a mountpoint. * * The mount_hashtable is not usable in the context because we * need to identify all mounts that may be in the current mount * namespace not just a mount that happens to have some specified * parent mount. */ bool __is_local_mountpoint(struct dentry *dentry) { struct mnt_namespace *ns = current->nsproxy->mnt_ns; struct mount *mnt; bool is_covered = false; down_read(&namespace_sem); lock_ns_list(ns); list_for_each_entry(mnt, &ns->list, mnt_list) { if (mnt_is_cursor(mnt)) continue; is_covered = (mnt->mnt_mountpoint == dentry); if (is_covered) break; } unlock_ns_list(ns); up_read(&namespace_sem); return is_covered; } static struct mountpoint *lookup_mountpoint(struct dentry *dentry) { struct hlist_head *chain = mp_hash(dentry); struct mountpoint *mp; hlist_for_each_entry(mp, chain, m_hash) { if (mp->m_dentry == dentry) { mp->m_count++; return mp; } } return NULL; } static struct mountpoint *get_mountpoint(struct dentry *dentry) { struct mountpoint *mp, *new = NULL; int ret; if (d_mountpoint(dentry)) { /* might be worth a WARN_ON() */ if (d_unlinked(dentry)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); mountpoint: read_seqlock_excl(&mount_lock); mp = lookup_mountpoint(dentry); read_sequnlock_excl(&mount_lock); if (mp) goto done; } if (!new) new = kmalloc(sizeof(struct mountpoint), GFP_KERNEL); if (!new) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); /* Exactly one processes may set d_mounted */ ret = d_set_mounted(dentry); /* Someone else set d_mounted? */ if (ret == -EBUSY) goto mountpoint; /* The dentry is not available as a mountpoint? */ mp = ERR_PTR(ret); if (ret) goto done; /* Add the new mountpoint to the hash table */ read_seqlock_excl(&mount_lock); new->m_dentry = dget(dentry); new->m_count = 1; hlist_add_head(&new->m_hash, mp_hash(dentry)); INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&new->m_list); read_sequnlock_excl(&mount_lock); mp = new; new = NULL; done: kfree(new); return mp; } /* * vfsmount lock must be held. Additionally, the caller is responsible * for serializing calls for given disposal list. */ static void __put_mountpoint(struct mountpoint *mp, struct list_head *list) { if (!--mp->m_count) { struct dentry *dentry = mp->m_dentry; BUG_ON(!hlist_empty(&mp->m_list)); spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); dentry->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_MOUNTED; spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); dput_to_list(dentry, list); hlist_del(&mp->m_hash); kfree(mp); } } /* called with namespace_lock and vfsmount lock */ static void put_mountpoint(struct mountpoint *mp) { __put_mountpoint(mp, &ex_mountpoints); } static inline int check_mnt(struct mount *mnt) { return mnt->mnt_ns == current->nsproxy->mnt_ns; } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for write */ static void touch_mnt_namespace(struct mnt_namespace *ns) { if (ns) { ns->event = ++event; wake_up_interruptible(&ns->poll); } } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for write */ static void __touch_mnt_namespace(struct mnt_namespace *ns) { if (ns && ns->event != event) { ns->event = event; wake_up_interruptible(&ns->poll); } } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for write */ static struct mountpoint *unhash_mnt(struct mount *mnt) { struct mountpoint *mp; mnt->mnt_parent = mnt; mnt->mnt_mountpoint = mnt->mnt.mnt_root; list_del_init(&mnt->mnt_child); hlist_del_init_rcu(&mnt->mnt_hash); hlist_del_init(&mnt->mnt_mp_list); mp = mnt->mnt_mp; mnt->mnt_mp = NULL; return mp; } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for write */ static void umount_mnt(struct mount *mnt) { put_mountpoint(unhash_mnt(mnt)); } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for write */ void mnt_set_mountpoint(struct mount *mnt, struct mountpoint *mp, struct mount *child_mnt) { mp->m_count++; mnt_add_count(mnt, 1); /* essentially, that's mntget */ child_mnt->mnt_mountpoint = mp->m_dentry; child_mnt->mnt_parent = mnt; child_mnt->mnt_mp = mp; hlist_add_head(&child_mnt->mnt_mp_list, &mp->m_list); } static void __attach_mnt(struct mount *mnt, struct mount *parent) { hlist_add_head_rcu(&mnt->mnt_hash, m_hash(&parent->mnt, mnt->mnt_mountpoint)); list_add_tail(&mnt->mnt_child, &parent->mnt_mounts); } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for write */ static void attach_mnt(struct mount *mnt, struct mount *parent, struct mountpoint *mp) { mnt_set_mountpoint(parent, mp, mnt); __attach_mnt(mnt, parent); } void mnt_change_mountpoint(struct mount *parent, struct mountpoint *mp, struct mount *mnt) { struct mountpoint *old_mp = mnt->mnt_mp; struct mount *old_parent = mnt->mnt_parent; list_del_init(&mnt->mnt_child); hlist_del_init(&mnt->mnt_mp_list); hlist_del_init_rcu(&mnt->mnt_hash); attach_mnt(mnt, parent, mp); put_mountpoint(old_mp); mnt_add_count(old_parent, -1); } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for write */ static void commit_tree(struct mount *mnt) { struct mount *parent = mnt->mnt_parent; struct mount *m; LIST_HEAD(head); struct mnt_namespace *n = parent->mnt_ns; BUG_ON(parent == mnt); list_add_tail(&head, &mnt->mnt_list); list_for_each_entry(m, &head, mnt_list) m->mnt_ns = n; list_splice(&head, n->list.prev); n->mounts += n->pending_mounts; n->pending_mounts = 0; __attach_mnt(mnt, parent); touch_mnt_namespace(n); } static struct mount *next_mnt(struct mount *p, struct mount *root) { struct list_head *next = p->mnt_mounts.next; if (next == &p->mnt_mounts) { while (1) { if (p == root) return NULL; next = p->mnt_child.next; if (next != &p->mnt_parent->mnt_mounts) break; p = p->mnt_parent; } } return list_entry(next, struct mount, mnt_child); } static struct mount *skip_mnt_tree(struct mount *p) { struct list_head *prev = p->mnt_mounts.prev; while (prev != &p->mnt_mounts) { p = list_entry(prev, struct mount, mnt_child); prev = p->mnt_mounts.prev; } return p; } /** * vfs_create_mount - Create a mount for a configured superblock * @fc: The configuration context with the superblock attached * * Create a mount to an already configured superblock. If necessary, the * caller should invoke vfs_get_tree() before calling this. * * Note that this does not attach the mount to anything. */ struct vfsmount *vfs_create_mount(struct fs_context *fc) { struct mount *mnt; if (!fc->root) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); mnt = alloc_vfsmnt(fc->source ?: "none"); if (!mnt) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (fc->sb_flags & SB_KERNMOUNT) mnt->mnt.mnt_flags = MNT_INTERNAL; atomic_inc(&fc->root->d_sb->s_active); mnt->mnt.mnt_sb = fc->root->d_sb; mnt->mnt.mnt_root = dget(fc->root); mnt->mnt_mountpoint = mnt->mnt.mnt_root; mnt->mnt_parent = mnt; lock_mount_hash(); list_add_tail(&mnt->mnt_instance, &mnt->mnt.mnt_sb->s_mounts); unlock_mount_hash(); return &mnt->mnt; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_create_mount); struct vfsmount *fc_mount(struct fs_context *fc) { int err = vfs_get_tree(fc); if (!err) { up_write(&fc->root->d_sb->s_umount); return vfs_create_mount(fc); } return ERR_PTR(err); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(fc_mount); struct vfsmount *vfs_kern_mount(struct file_system_type *type, int flags, const char *name, void *data) { struct fs_context *fc; struct vfsmount *mnt; int ret = 0; if (!type) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); fc = fs_context_for_mount(type, flags); if (IS_ERR(fc)) return ERR_CAST(fc); if (name) ret = vfs_parse_fs_string(fc, "source", name, strlen(name)); if (!ret) ret = parse_monolithic_mount_data(fc, data); if (!ret) mnt = fc_mount(fc); else mnt = ERR_PTR(ret); put_fs_context(fc); return mnt; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfs_kern_mount); struct vfsmount * vfs_submount(const struct dentry *mountpoint, struct file_system_type *type, const char *name, void *data) { /* Until it is worked out how to pass the user namespace * through from the parent mount to the submount don't support * unprivileged mounts with submounts. */ if (mountpoint->d_sb->s_user_ns != &init_user_ns) return ERR_PTR(-EPERM); return vfs_kern_mount(type, SB_SUBMOUNT, name, data); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfs_submount); static struct mount *clone_mnt(struct mount *old, struct dentry *root, int flag) { struct super_block *sb = old->mnt.mnt_sb; struct mount *mnt; int err; mnt = alloc_vfsmnt(old->mnt_devname); if (!mnt) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (flag & (CL_SLAVE | CL_PRIVATE | CL_SHARED_TO_SLAVE)) mnt->mnt_group_id = 0; /* not a peer of original */ else mnt->mnt_group_id = old->mnt_group_id; if ((flag & CL_MAKE_SHARED) && !mnt->mnt_group_id) { err = mnt_alloc_group_id(mnt); if (err) goto out_free; } mnt->mnt.mnt_flags = old->mnt.mnt_flags; mnt->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~(MNT_WRITE_HOLD|MNT_MARKED|MNT_INTERNAL); atomic_inc(&sb->s_active); mnt->mnt.mnt_sb = sb; mnt->mnt.mnt_root = dget(root); mnt->mnt_mountpoint = mnt->mnt.mnt_root; mnt->mnt_parent = mnt; lock_mount_hash(); list_add_tail(&mnt->mnt_instance, &sb->s_mounts); unlock_mount_hash(); if ((flag & CL_SLAVE) || ((flag & CL_SHARED_TO_SLAVE) && IS_MNT_SHARED(old))) { list_add(&mnt->mnt_slave, &old->mnt_slave_list); mnt->mnt_master = old; CLEAR_MNT_SHARED(mnt); } else if (!(flag & CL_PRIVATE)) { if ((flag & CL_MAKE_SHARED) || IS_MNT_SHARED(old)) list_add(&mnt->mnt_share, &old->mnt_share); if (IS_MNT_SLAVE(old)) list_add(&mnt->mnt_slave, &old->mnt_slave); mnt->mnt_master = old->mnt_master; } else { CLEAR_MNT_SHARED(mnt); } if (flag & CL_MAKE_SHARED) set_mnt_shared(mnt); /* stick the duplicate mount on the same expiry list * as the original if that was on one */ if (flag & CL_EXPIRE) { if (!list_empty(&old->mnt_expire)) list_add(&mnt->mnt_expire, &old->mnt_expire); } return mnt; out_free: mnt_free_id(mnt); free_vfsmnt(mnt); return ERR_PTR(err); } static void cleanup_mnt(struct mount *mnt) { struct hlist_node *p; struct mount *m; /* * The warning here probably indicates that somebody messed * up a mnt_want/drop_write() pair. If this happens, the * filesystem was probably unable to make r/w->r/o transitions. * The locking used to deal with mnt_count decrement provides barriers, * so mnt_get_writers() below is safe. */ WARN_ON(mnt_get_writers(mnt)); if (unlikely(mnt->mnt_pins.first)) mnt_pin_kill(mnt); hlist_for_each_entry_safe(m, p, &mnt->mnt_stuck_children, mnt_umount) { hlist_del(&m->mnt_umount); mntput(&m->mnt); } fsnotify_vfsmount_delete(&mnt->mnt); dput(mnt->mnt.mnt_root); deactivate_super(mnt->mnt.mnt_sb); mnt_free_id(mnt); call_rcu(&mnt->mnt_rcu, delayed_free_vfsmnt); } static void __cleanup_mnt(struct rcu_head *head) { cleanup_mnt(container_of(head, struct mount, mnt_rcu)); } static LLIST_HEAD(delayed_mntput_list); static void delayed_mntput(struct work_struct *unused) { struct llist_node *node = llist_del_all(&delayed_mntput_list); struct mount *m, *t; llist_for_each_entry_safe(m, t, node, mnt_llist) cleanup_mnt(m); } static DECLARE_DELAYED_WORK(delayed_mntput_work, delayed_mntput); static void mntput_no_expire(struct mount *mnt) { LIST_HEAD(list); int count; rcu_read_lock(); if (likely(READ_ONCE(mnt->mnt_ns))) { /* * Since we don't do lock_mount_hash() here, * ->mnt_ns can change under us. However, if it's * non-NULL, then there's a reference that won't * be dropped until after an RCU delay done after * turning ->mnt_ns NULL. So if we observe it * non-NULL under rcu_read_lock(), the reference * we are dropping is not the final one. */ mnt_add_count(mnt, -1); rcu_read_unlock(); return; } lock_mount_hash(); /* * make sure that if __legitimize_mnt() has not seen us grab * mount_lock, we'll see their refcount increment here. */ smp_mb(); mnt_add_count(mnt, -1); count = mnt_get_count(mnt); if (count != 0) { WARN_ON(count < 0); rcu_read_unlock(); unlock_mount_hash(); return; } if (unlikely(mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_DOOMED)) { rcu_read_unlock(); unlock_mount_hash(); return; } mnt->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_DOOMED; rcu_read_unlock(); list_del(&mnt->mnt_instance); if (unlikely(!list_empty(&mnt->mnt_mounts))) { struct mount *p, *tmp; list_for_each_entry_safe(p, tmp, &mnt->mnt_mounts, mnt_child) { __put_mountpoint(unhash_mnt(p), &list); hlist_add_head(&p->mnt_umount, &mnt->mnt_stuck_children); } } unlock_mount_hash(); shrink_dentry_list(&list); if (likely(!(mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_INTERNAL))) { struct task_struct *task = current; if (likely(!(task->flags & PF_KTHREAD))) { init_task_work(&mnt->mnt_rcu, __cleanup_mnt); if (!task_work_add(task, &mnt->mnt_rcu, TWA_RESUME)) return; } if (llist_add(&mnt->mnt_llist, &delayed_mntput_list)) schedule_delayed_work(&delayed_mntput_work, 1); return; } cleanup_mnt(mnt); } void mntput(struct vfsmount *mnt) { if (mnt) { struct mount *m = real_mount(mnt); /* avoid cacheline pingpong, hope gcc doesn't get "smart" */ if (unlikely(m->mnt_expiry_mark)) m->mnt_expiry_mark = 0; mntput_no_expire(m); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(mntput); struct vfsmount *mntget(struct vfsmount *mnt) { if (mnt) mnt_add_count(real_mount(mnt), 1); return mnt; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(mntget); /* path_is_mountpoint() - Check if path is a mount in the current * namespace. * * d_mountpoint() can only be used reliably to establish if a dentry is * not mounted in any namespace and that common case is handled inline. * d_mountpoint() isn't aware of the possibility there may be multiple * mounts using a given dentry in a different namespace. This function * checks if the passed in path is a mountpoint rather than the dentry * alone. */ bool path_is_mountpoint(const struct path *path) { unsigned seq; bool res; if (!d_mountpoint(path->dentry)) return false; rcu_read_lock(); do { seq = read_seqbegin(&mount_lock); res = __path_is_mountpoint(path); } while (read_seqretry(&mount_lock, seq)); rcu_read_unlock(); return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(path_is_mountpoint); struct vfsmount *mnt_clone_internal(const struct path *path) { struct mount *p; p = clone_mnt(real_mount(path->mnt), path->dentry, CL_PRIVATE); if (IS_ERR(p)) return ERR_CAST(p); p->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_INTERNAL; return &p->mnt; } #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS static struct mount *mnt_list_next(struct mnt_namespace *ns, struct list_head *p) { struct mount *mnt, *ret = NULL; lock_ns_list(ns); list_for_each_continue(p, &ns->list) { mnt = list_entry(p, typeof(*mnt), mnt_list); if (!mnt_is_cursor(mnt)) { ret = mnt; break; } } unlock_ns_list(ns); return ret; } /* iterator; we want it to have access to namespace_sem, thus here... */ static void *m_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos) { struct proc_mounts *p = m->private; struct list_head *prev; down_read(&namespace_sem); if (!*pos) { prev = &p->ns->list; } else { prev = &p->cursor.mnt_list; /* Read after we'd reached the end? */ if (list_empty(prev)) return NULL; } return mnt_list_next(p->ns, prev); } static void *m_next(struct seq_file *m, void *v, loff_t *pos) { struct proc_mounts *p = m->private; struct mount *mnt = v; ++*pos; return mnt_list_next(p->ns, &mnt->mnt_list); } static void m_stop(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { struct proc_mounts *p = m->private; struct mount *mnt = v; lock_ns_list(p->ns); if (mnt) list_move_tail(&p->cursor.mnt_list, &mnt->mnt_list); else list_del_init(&p->cursor.mnt_list); unlock_ns_list(p->ns); up_read(&namespace_sem); } static int m_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { struct proc_mounts *p = m->private; struct mount *r = v; return p->show(m, &r->mnt); } const struct seq_operations mounts_op = { .start = m_start, .next = m_next, .stop = m_stop, .show = m_show, }; void mnt_cursor_del(struct mnt_namespace *ns, struct mount *cursor) { down_read(&namespace_sem); lock_ns_list(ns); list_del(&cursor->mnt_list); unlock_ns_list(ns); up_read(&namespace_sem); } #endif /* CONFIG_PROC_FS */ /** * may_umount_tree - check if a mount tree is busy * @mnt: root of mount tree * * This is called to check if a tree of mounts has any * open files, pwds, chroots or sub mounts that are * busy. */ int may_umount_tree(struct vfsmount *m) { struct mount *mnt = real_mount(m); int actual_refs = 0; int minimum_refs = 0; struct mount *p; BUG_ON(!m); /* write lock needed for mnt_get_count */ lock_mount_hash(); for (p = mnt; p; p = next_mnt(p, mnt)) { actual_refs += mnt_get_count(p); minimum_refs += 2; } unlock_mount_hash(); if (actual_refs > minimum_refs) return 0; return 1; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(may_umount_tree); /** * may_umount - check if a mount point is busy * @mnt: root of mount * * This is called to check if a mount point has any * open files, pwds, chroots or sub mounts. If the * mount has sub mounts this will return busy * regardless of whether the sub mounts are busy. * * Doesn't take quota and stuff into account. IOW, in some cases it will * give false negatives. The main reason why it's here is that we need * a non-destructive way to look for easily umountable filesystems. */ int may_umount(struct vfsmount *mnt) { int ret = 1; down_read(&namespace_sem); lock_mount_hash(); if (propagate_mount_busy(real_mount(mnt), 2)) ret = 0; unlock_mount_hash(); up_read(&namespace_sem); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(may_umount); static void namespace_unlock(void) { struct hlist_head head; struct hlist_node *p; struct mount *m; LIST_HEAD(list); hlist_move_list(&unmounted, &head); list_splice_init(&ex_mountpoints, &list); up_write(&namespace_sem); shrink_dentry_list(&list); if (likely(hlist_empty(&head))) return; synchronize_rcu_expedited(); hlist_for_each_entry_safe(m, p, &head, mnt_umount) { hlist_del(&m->mnt_umount); mntput(&m->mnt); } } static inline void namespace_lock(void) { down_write(&namespace_sem); } enum umount_tree_flags { UMOUNT_SYNC = 1, UMOUNT_PROPAGATE = 2, UMOUNT_CONNECTED = 4, }; static bool disconnect_mount(struct mount *mnt, enum umount_tree_flags how) { /* Leaving mounts connected is only valid for lazy umounts */ if (how & UMOUNT_SYNC) return true; /* A mount without a parent has nothing to be connected to */ if (!mnt_has_parent(mnt)) return true; /* Because the reference counting rules change when mounts are * unmounted and connected, umounted mounts may not be * connected to mounted mounts. */ if (!(mnt->mnt_parent->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_UMOUNT)) return true; /* Has it been requested that the mount remain connected? */ if (how & UMOUNT_CONNECTED) return false; /* Is the mount locked such that it needs to remain connected? */ if (IS_MNT_LOCKED(mnt)) return false; /* By default disconnect the mount */ return true; } /* * mount_lock must be held * namespace_sem must be held for write */ static void umount_tree(struct mount *mnt, enum umount_tree_flags how) { LIST_HEAD(tmp_list); struct mount *p; if (how & UMOUNT_PROPAGATE) propagate_mount_unlock(mnt); /* Gather the mounts to umount */ for (p = mnt; p; p = next_mnt(p, mnt)) { p->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_UMOUNT; list_move(&p->mnt_list, &tmp_list); } /* Hide the mounts from mnt_mounts */ list_for_each_entry(p, &tmp_list, mnt_list) { list_del_init(&p->mnt_child); } /* Add propogated mounts to the tmp_list */ if (how & UMOUNT_PROPAGATE) propagate_umount(&tmp_list); while (!list_empty(&tmp_list)) { struct mnt_namespace *ns; bool disconnect; p = list_first_entry(&tmp_list, struct mount, mnt_list); list_del_init(&p->mnt_expire); list_del_init(&p->mnt_list); ns = p->mnt_ns; if (ns) { ns->mounts--; __touch_mnt_namespace(ns); } p->mnt_ns = NULL; if (how & UMOUNT_SYNC) p->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_SYNC_UMOUNT; disconnect = disconnect_mount(p, how); if (mnt_has_parent(p)) { mnt_add_count(p->mnt_parent, -1); if (!disconnect) { /* Don't forget about p */ list_add_tail(&p->mnt_child, &p->mnt_parent->mnt_mounts); } else { umount_mnt(p); } } change_mnt_propagation(p, MS_PRIVATE); if (disconnect) hlist_add_head(&p->mnt_umount, &unmounted); } } static void shrink_submounts(struct mount *mnt); static int do_umount_root(struct super_block *sb) { int ret = 0; down_write(&sb->s_umount); if (!sb_rdonly(sb)) { struct fs_context *fc; fc = fs_context_for_reconfigure(sb->s_root, SB_RDONLY, SB_RDONLY); if (IS_ERR(fc)) { ret = PTR_ERR(fc); } else { ret = parse_monolithic_mount_data(fc, NULL); if (!ret) ret = reconfigure_super(fc); put_fs_context(fc); } } up_write(&sb->s_umount); return ret; } static int do_umount(struct mount *mnt, int flags) { struct super_block *sb = mnt->mnt.mnt_sb; int retval; retval = security_sb_umount(&mnt->mnt, flags); if (retval) return retval; /* * Allow userspace to request a mountpoint be expired rather than * unmounting unconditionally. Unmount only happens if: * (1) the mark is already set (the mark is cleared by mntput()) * (2) the usage count == 1 [parent vfsmount] + 1 [sys_umount] */ if (flags & MNT_EXPIRE) { if (&mnt->mnt == current->fs->root.mnt || flags & (MNT_FORCE | MNT_DETACH)) return -EINVAL; /* * probably don't strictly need the lock here if we examined * all race cases, but it's a slowpath. */ lock_mount_hash(); if (mnt_get_count(mnt) != 2) { unlock_mount_hash(); return -EBUSY; } unlock_mount_hash(); if (!xchg(&mnt->mnt_expiry_mark, 1)) return -EAGAIN; } /* * If we may have to abort operations to get out of this * mount, and they will themselves hold resources we must * allow the fs to do things. In the Unix tradition of * 'Gee thats tricky lets do it in userspace' the umount_begin * might fail to complete on the first run through as other tasks * must return, and the like. Thats for the mount program to worry * about for the moment. */ if (flags & MNT_FORCE && sb->s_op->umount_begin) { sb->s_op->umount_begin(sb); } /* * No sense to grab the lock for this test, but test itself looks * somewhat bogus. Suggestions for better replacement? * Ho-hum... In principle, we might treat that as umount + switch * to rootfs. GC would eventually take care of the old vfsmount. * Actually it makes sense, especially if rootfs would contain a * /reboot - static binary that would close all descriptors and * call reboot(9). Then init(8) could umount root and exec /reboot. */ if (&mnt->mnt == current->fs->root.mnt && !(flags & MNT_DETACH)) { /* * Special case for "unmounting" root ... * we just try to remount it readonly. */ if (!ns_capable(sb->s_user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) return -EPERM; return do_umount_root(sb); } namespace_lock(); lock_mount_hash(); /* Recheck MNT_LOCKED with the locks held */ retval = -EINVAL; if (mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED) goto out; event++; if (flags & MNT_DETACH) { if (!list_empty(&mnt->mnt_list)) umount_tree(mnt, UMOUNT_PROPAGATE); retval = 0; } else { shrink_submounts(mnt); retval = -EBUSY; if (!propagate_mount_busy(mnt, 2)) { if (!list_empty(&mnt->mnt_list)) umount_tree(mnt, UMOUNT_PROPAGATE|UMOUNT_SYNC); retval = 0; } } out: unlock_mount_hash(); namespace_unlock(); return retval; } /* * __detach_mounts - lazily unmount all mounts on the specified dentry * * During unlink, rmdir, and d_drop it is possible to loose the path * to an existing mountpoint, and wind up leaking the mount. * detach_mounts allows lazily unmounting those mounts instead of * leaking them. * * The caller may hold dentry->d_inode->i_mutex. */ void __detach_mounts(struct dentry *dentry) { struct mountpoint *mp; struct mount *mnt; namespace_lock(); lock_mount_hash(); mp = lookup_mountpoint(dentry); if (!mp) goto out_unlock; event++; while (!hlist_empty(&mp->m_list)) { mnt = hlist_entry(mp->m_list.first, struct mount, mnt_mp_list); if (mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_UMOUNT) { umount_mnt(mnt); hlist_add_head(&mnt->mnt_umount, &unmounted); } else umount_tree(mnt, UMOUNT_CONNECTED); } put_mountpoint(mp); out_unlock: unlock_mount_hash(); namespace_unlock(); } /* * Is the caller allowed to modify his namespace? */ static inline bool may_mount(void) { return ns_capable(current->nsproxy->mnt_ns->user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN); } #ifdef CONFIG_MANDATORY_FILE_LOCKING static bool may_mandlock(void) { pr_warn_once("======================================================\n" "WARNING: the mand mount option is being deprecated and\n" " will be removed in v5.15!\n" "======================================================\n"); return capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN); } #else static inline bool may_mandlock(void) { pr_warn("VFS: \"mand\" mount option not supported"); return false; } #endif static int can_umount(const struct path *path, int flags) { struct mount *mnt = real_mount(path->mnt); if (!may_mount()) return -EPERM; if (path->dentry != path->mnt->mnt_root) return -EINVAL; if (!check_mnt(mnt)) return -EINVAL; if (mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED) /* Check optimistically */ return -EINVAL; if (flags & MNT_FORCE && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) return -EPERM; return 0; } // caller is responsible for flags being sane int path_umount(struct path *path, int flags) { struct mount *mnt = real_mount(path->mnt); int ret; ret = can_umount(path, flags); if (!ret) ret = do_umount(mnt, flags); /* we mustn't call path_put() as that would clear mnt_expiry_mark */ dput(path->dentry); mntput_no_expire(mnt); return ret; } static int ksys_umount(char __user *name, int flags) { int lookup_flags = LOOKUP_MOUNTPOINT; struct path path; int ret; // basic validity checks done first if (flags & ~(MNT_FORCE | MNT_DETACH | MNT_EXPIRE | UMOUNT_NOFOLLOW)) return -EINVAL; if (!(flags & UMOUNT_NOFOLLOW)) lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_FOLLOW; ret = user_path_at(AT_FDCWD, name, lookup_flags, &path); if (ret) return ret; return path_umount(&path, flags); } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(umount, char __user *, name, int, flags) { return ksys_umount(name, flags); } #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_SYS_OLDUMOUNT /* * The 2.0 compatible umount. No flags. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE1(oldumount, char __user *, name) { return ksys_umount(name, 0); } #endif static bool is_mnt_ns_file(struct dentry *dentry) { /* Is this a proxy for a mount namespace? */ return dentry->d_op == &ns_dentry_operations && dentry->d_fsdata == &mntns_operations; } static struct mnt_namespace *to_mnt_ns(struct ns_common *ns) { return container_of(ns, struct mnt_namespace, ns); } struct ns_common *from_mnt_ns(struct mnt_namespace *mnt) { return &mnt->ns; } static bool mnt_ns_loop(struct dentry *dentry) { /* Could bind mounting the mount namespace inode cause a * mount namespace loop? */ struct mnt_namespace *mnt_ns; if (!is_mnt_ns_file(dentry)) return false; mnt_ns = to_mnt_ns(get_proc_ns(dentry->d_inode)); return current->nsproxy->mnt_ns->seq >= mnt_ns->seq; } struct mount *copy_tree(struct mount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry, int flag) { struct mount *res, *p, *q, *r, *parent; if (!(flag & CL_COPY_UNBINDABLE) && IS_MNT_UNBINDABLE(mnt)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); if (!(flag & CL_COPY_MNT_NS_FILE) && is_mnt_ns_file(dentry)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); res = q = clone_mnt(mnt, dentry, flag); if (IS_ERR(q)) return q; q->mnt_mountpoint = mnt->mnt_mountpoint; p = mnt; list_for_each_entry(r, &mnt->mnt_mounts, mnt_child) { struct mount *s; if (!is_subdir(r->mnt_mountpoint, dentry)) continue; for (s = r; s; s = next_mnt(s, r)) { if (!(flag & CL_COPY_UNBINDABLE) && IS_MNT_UNBINDABLE(s)) { if (s->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED) { /* Both unbindable and locked. */ q = ERR_PTR(-EPERM); goto out; } else { s = skip_mnt_tree(s); continue; } } if (!(flag & CL_COPY_MNT_NS_FILE) && is_mnt_ns_file(s->mnt.mnt_root)) { s = skip_mnt_tree(s); continue; } while (p != s->mnt_parent) { p = p->mnt_parent; q = q->mnt_parent; } p = s; parent = q; q = clone_mnt(p, p->mnt.mnt_root, flag); if (IS_ERR(q)) goto out; lock_mount_hash(); list_add_tail(&q->mnt_list, &res->mnt_list); attach_mnt(q, parent, p->mnt_mp); unlock_mount_hash(); } } return res; out: if (res) { lock_mount_hash(); umount_tree(res, UMOUNT_SYNC); unlock_mount_hash(); } return q; } /* Caller should check returned pointer for errors */ struct vfsmount *collect_mounts(const struct path *path) { struct mount *tree; namespace_lock(); if (!check_mnt(real_mount(path->mnt))) tree = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); else tree = copy_tree(real_mount(path->mnt), path->dentry, CL_COPY_ALL | CL_PRIVATE); namespace_unlock(); if (IS_ERR(tree)) return ERR_CAST(tree); return &tree->mnt; } static void free_mnt_ns(struct mnt_namespace *); static struct mnt_namespace *alloc_mnt_ns(struct user_namespace *, bool); void dissolve_on_fput(struct vfsmount *mnt) { struct mnt_namespace *ns; namespace_lock(); lock_mount_hash(); ns = real_mount(mnt)->mnt_ns; if (ns) { if (is_anon_ns(ns)) umount_tree(real_mount(mnt), UMOUNT_CONNECTED); else ns = NULL; } unlock_mount_hash(); namespace_unlock(); if (ns) free_mnt_ns(ns); } void drop_collected_mounts(struct vfsmount *mnt) { namespace_lock(); lock_mount_hash(); umount_tree(real_mount(mnt), 0); unlock_mount_hash(); namespace_unlock(); } static bool has_locked_children(struct mount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry) { struct mount *child; list_for_each_entry(child, &mnt->mnt_mounts, mnt_child) { if (!is_subdir(child->mnt_mountpoint, dentry)) continue; if (child->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED) return true; } return false; } /** * clone_private_mount - create a private clone of a path * * This creates a new vfsmount, which will be the clone of @path. The new will * not be attached anywhere in the namespace and will be private (i.e. changes * to the originating mount won't be propagated into this). * * Release with mntput(). */ struct vfsmount *clone_private_mount(const struct path *path) { struct mount *old_mnt = real_mount(path->mnt); struct mount *new_mnt; down_read(&namespace_sem); if (IS_MNT_UNBINDABLE(old_mnt)) goto invalid; if (!check_mnt(old_mnt)) goto invalid; if (has_locked_children(old_mnt, path->dentry)) goto invalid; new_mnt = clone_mnt(old_mnt, path->dentry, CL_PRIVATE); up_read(&namespace_sem); if (IS_ERR(new_mnt)) return ERR_CAST(new_mnt); /* Longterm mount to be removed by kern_unmount*() */ new_mnt->mnt_ns = MNT_NS_INTERNAL; return &new_mnt->mnt; invalid: up_read(&namespace_sem); return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(clone_private_mount); int iterate_mounts(int (*f)(struct vfsmount *, void *), void *arg, struct vfsmount *root) { struct mount *mnt; int res = f(root, arg); if (res) return res; list_for_each_entry(mnt, &real_mount(root)->mnt_list, mnt_list) { res = f(&mnt->mnt, arg); if (res) return res; } return 0; } static void lock_mnt_tree(struct mount *mnt) { struct mount *p; for (p = mnt; p; p = next_mnt(p, mnt)) { int flags = p->mnt.mnt_flags; /* Don't allow unprivileged users to change mount flags */ flags |= MNT_LOCK_ATIME; if (flags & MNT_READONLY) flags |= MNT_LOCK_READONLY; if (flags & MNT_NODEV) flags |= MNT_LOCK_NODEV; if (flags & MNT_NOSUID) flags |= MNT_LOCK_NOSUID; if (flags & MNT_NOEXEC) flags |= MNT_LOCK_NOEXEC; /* Don't allow unprivileged users to reveal what is under a mount */ if (list_empty(&p->mnt_expire)) flags |= MNT_LOCKED; p->mnt.mnt_flags = flags; } } static void cleanup_group_ids(struct mount *mnt, struct mount *end) { struct mount *p; for (p = mnt; p != end; p = next_mnt(p, mnt)) { if (p->mnt_group_id && !IS_MNT_SHARED(p)) mnt_release_group_id(p); } } static int invent_group_ids(struct mount *mnt, bool recurse) { struct mount *p; for (p = mnt; p; p = recurse ? next_mnt(p, mnt) : NULL) { if (!p->mnt_group_id && !IS_MNT_SHARED(p)) { int err = mnt_alloc_group_id(p); if (err) { cleanup_group_ids(mnt, p); return err; } } } return 0; } int count_mounts(struct mnt_namespace *ns, struct mount *mnt) { unsigned int max = READ_ONCE(sysctl_mount_max); unsigned int mounts = 0, old, pending, sum; struct mount *p; for (p = mnt; p; p = next_mnt(p, mnt)) mounts++; old = ns->mounts; pending = ns->pending_mounts; sum = old + pending; if ((old > sum) || (pending > sum) || (max < sum) || (mounts > (max - sum))) return -ENOSPC; ns->pending_mounts = pending + mounts; return 0; } /* * @source_mnt : mount tree to be attached * @nd : place the mount tree @source_mnt is attached * @parent_nd : if non-null, detach the source_mnt from its parent and * store the parent mount and mountpoint dentry. * (done when source_mnt is moved) * * NOTE: in the table below explains the semantics when a source mount * of a given type is attached to a destination mount of a given type. * --------------------------------------------------------------------------- * | BIND MOUNT OPERATION | * |************************************************************************** * | source-->| shared | private | slave | unbindable | * | dest | | | | | * | | | | | | | * | v | | | | | * |************************************************************************** * | shared | shared (++) | shared (+) | shared(+++)| invalid | * | | | | | | * |non-shared| shared (+) | private | slave (*) | invalid | * *************************************************************************** * A bind operation clones the source mount and mounts the clone on the * destination mount. * * (++) the cloned mount is propagated to all the mounts in the propagation * tree of the destination mount and the cloned mount is added to * the peer group of the source mount. * (+) the cloned mount is created under the destination mount and is marked * as shared. The cloned mount is added to the peer group of the source * mount. * (+++) the mount is propagated to all the mounts in the propagation tree * of the destination mount and the cloned mount is made slave * of the same master as that of the source mount. The cloned mount * is marked as 'shared and slave'. * (*) the cloned mount is made a slave of the same master as that of the * source mount. * * --------------------------------------------------------------------------- * | MOVE MOUNT OPERATION | * |************************************************************************** * | source-->| shared | private | slave | unbindable | * | dest | | | | | * | | | | | | | * | v | | | | | * |************************************************************************** * | shared | shared (+) | shared (+) | shared(+++) | invalid | * | | | | | | * |non-shared| shared (+*) | private | slave (*) | unbindable | * *************************************************************************** * * (+) the mount is moved to the destination. And is then propagated to * all the mounts in the propagation tree of the destination mount. * (+*) the mount is moved to the destination. * (+++) the mount is moved to the destination and is then propagated to * all the mounts belonging to the destination mount's propagation tree. * the mount is marked as 'shared and slave'. * (*) the mount continues to be a slave at the new location. * * if the source mount is a tree, the operations explained above is * applied to each mount in the tree. * Must be called without spinlocks held, since this function can sleep * in allocations. */ static int attach_recursive_mnt(struct mount *source_mnt, struct mount *dest_mnt, struct mountpoint *dest_mp, bool moving) { struct user_namespace *user_ns = current->nsproxy->mnt_ns->user_ns; HLIST_HEAD(tree_list); struct mnt_namespace *ns = dest_mnt->mnt_ns; struct mountpoint *smp; struct mount *child, *p; struct hlist_node *n; int err; /* Preallocate a mountpoint in case the new mounts need * to be tucked under other mounts. */ smp = get_mountpoint(source_mnt->mnt.mnt_root); if (IS_ERR(smp)) return PTR_ERR(smp); /* Is there space to add these mounts to the mount namespace? */ if (!moving) { err = count_mounts(ns, source_mnt); if (err) goto out; } if (IS_MNT_SHARED(dest_mnt)) { err = invent_group_ids(source_mnt, true); if (err) goto out; err = propagate_mnt(dest_mnt, dest_mp, source_mnt, &tree_list); lock_mount_hash(); if (err) goto out_cleanup_ids; for (p = source_mnt; p; p = next_mnt(p, source_mnt)) set_mnt_shared(p); } else { lock_mount_hash(); } if (moving) { unhash_mnt(source_mnt); attach_mnt(source_mnt, dest_mnt, dest_mp); touch_mnt_namespace(source_mnt->mnt_ns); } else { if (source_mnt->mnt_ns) { /* move from anon - the caller will destroy */ list_del_init(&source_mnt->mnt_ns->list); } mnt_set_mountpoint(dest_mnt, dest_mp, source_mnt); commit_tree(source_mnt); } hlist_for_each_entry_safe(child, n, &tree_list, mnt_hash) { struct mount *q; hlist_del_init(&child->mnt_hash); q = __lookup_mnt(&child->mnt_parent->mnt, child->mnt_mountpoint); if (q) mnt_change_mountpoint(child, smp, q); /* Notice when we are propagating across user namespaces */ if (child->mnt_parent->mnt_ns->user_ns != user_ns) lock_mnt_tree(child); child->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_LOCKED; commit_tree(child); } put_mountpoint(smp); unlock_mount_hash(); return 0; out_cleanup_ids: while (!hlist_empty(&tree_list)) { child = hlist_entry(tree_list.first, struct mount, mnt_hash); child->mnt_parent->mnt_ns->pending_mounts = 0; umount_tree(child, UMOUNT_SYNC); } unlock_mount_hash(); cleanup_group_ids(source_mnt, NULL); out: ns->pending_mounts = 0; read_seqlock_excl(&mount_lock); put_mountpoint(smp); read_sequnlock_excl(&mount_lock); return err; } static struct mountpoint *lock_mount(struct path *path) { struct vfsmount *mnt; struct dentry *dentry = path->dentry; retry: inode_lock(dentry->d_inode); if (unlikely(cant_mount(dentry))) { inode_unlock(dentry->d_inode); return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); } namespace_lock(); mnt = lookup_mnt(path); if (likely(!mnt)) { struct mountpoint *mp = get_mountpoint(dentry); if (IS_ERR(mp)) { namespace_unlock(); inode_unlock(dentry->d_inode); return mp; } return mp; } namespace_unlock(); inode_unlock(path->dentry->d_inode); path_put(path); path->mnt = mnt; dentry = path->dentry = dget(mnt->mnt_root); goto retry; } static void unlock_mount(struct mountpoint *where) { struct dentry *dentry = where->m_dentry; read_seqlock_excl(&mount_lock); put_mountpoint(where); read_sequnlock_excl(&mount_lock); namespace_unlock(); inode_unlock(dentry->d_inode); } static int graft_tree(struct mount *mnt, struct mount *p, struct mountpoint *mp) { if (mnt->mnt.mnt_sb->s_flags & SB_NOUSER) return -EINVAL; if (d_is_dir(mp->m_dentry) != d_is_dir(mnt->mnt.mnt_root)) return -ENOTDIR; return attach_recursive_mnt(mnt, p, mp, false); } /* * Sanity check the flags to change_mnt_propagation. */ static int flags_to_propagation_type(int ms_flags) { int type = ms_flags & ~(MS_REC | MS_SILENT); /* Fail if any non-propagation flags are set */ if (type & ~(MS_SHARED | MS_PRIVATE | MS_SLAVE | MS_UNBINDABLE)) return 0; /* Only one propagation flag should be set */ if (!is_power_of_2(type)) return 0; return type; } /* * recursively change the type of the mountpoint. */ static int do_change_type(struct path *path, int ms_flags) { struct mount *m; struct mount *mnt = real_mount(path->mnt); int recurse = ms_flags & MS_REC; int type; int err = 0; if (path->dentry != path->mnt->mnt_root) return -EINVAL; type = flags_to_propagation_type(ms_flags); if (!type) return -EINVAL; namespace_lock(); if (type == MS_SHARED) { err = invent_group_ids(mnt, recurse); if (err) goto out_unlock; } lock_mount_hash(); for (m = mnt; m; m = (recurse ? next_mnt(m, mnt) : NULL)) change_mnt_propagation(m, type); unlock_mount_hash(); out_unlock: namespace_unlock(); return err; } static struct mount *__do_loopback(struct path *old_path, int recurse) { struct mount *mnt = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL), *old = real_mount(old_path->mnt); if (IS_MNT_UNBINDABLE(old)) return mnt; if (!check_mnt(old) && old_path->dentry->d_op != &ns_dentry_operations) return mnt; if (!recurse && has_locked_children(old, old_path->dentry)) return mnt; if (recurse) mnt = copy_tree(old, old_path->dentry, CL_COPY_MNT_NS_FILE); else mnt = clone_mnt(old, old_path->dentry, 0); if (!IS_ERR(mnt)) mnt->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_LOCKED; return mnt; } /* * do loopback mount. */ static int do_loopback(struct path *path, const char *old_name, int recurse) { struct path old_path; struct mount *mnt = NULL, *parent; struct mountpoint *mp; int err; if (!old_name || !*old_name) return -EINVAL; err = kern_path(old_name, LOOKUP_FOLLOW|LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT, &old_path); if (err) return err; err = -EINVAL; if (mnt_ns_loop(old_path.dentry)) goto out; mp = lock_mount(path); if (IS_ERR(mp)) { err = PTR_ERR(mp); goto out; } parent = real_mount(path->mnt); if (!check_mnt(parent)) goto out2; mnt = __do_loopback(&old_path, recurse); if (IS_ERR(mnt)) { err = PTR_ERR(mnt); goto out2; } err = graft_tree(mnt, parent, mp); if (err) { lock_mount_hash(); umount_tree(mnt, UMOUNT_SYNC); unlock_mount_hash(); } out2: unlock_mount(mp); out: path_put(&old_path); return err; } static struct file *open_detached_copy(struct path *path, bool recursive) { struct user_namespace *user_ns = current->nsproxy->mnt_ns->user_ns; struct mnt_namespace *ns = alloc_mnt_ns(user_ns, true); struct mount *mnt, *p; struct file *file; if (IS_ERR(ns)) return ERR_CAST(ns); namespace_lock(); mnt = __do_loopback(path, recursive); if (IS_ERR(mnt)) { namespace_unlock(); free_mnt_ns(ns); return ERR_CAST(mnt); } lock_mount_hash(); for (p = mnt; p; p = next_mnt(p, mnt)) { p->mnt_ns = ns; ns->mounts++; } ns->root = mnt; list_add_tail(&ns->list, &mnt->mnt_list); mntget(&mnt->mnt); unlock_mount_hash(); namespace_unlock(); mntput(path->mnt); path->mnt = &mnt->mnt; file = dentry_open(path, O_PATH, current_cred()); if (IS_ERR(file)) dissolve_on_fput(path->mnt); else file->f_mode |= FMODE_NEED_UNMOUNT; return file; } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(open_tree, int, dfd, const char __user *, filename, unsigned, flags) { struct file *file; struct path path; int lookup_flags = LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT | LOOKUP_FOLLOW; bool detached = flags & OPEN_TREE_CLONE; int error; int fd; BUILD_BUG_ON(OPEN_TREE_CLOEXEC != O_CLOEXEC); if (flags & ~(AT_EMPTY_PATH | AT_NO_AUTOMOUNT | AT_RECURSIVE | AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW | OPEN_TREE_CLONE | OPEN_TREE_CLOEXEC)) return -EINVAL; if ((flags & (AT_RECURSIVE | OPEN_TREE_CLONE)) == AT_RECURSIVE) return -EINVAL; if (flags & AT_NO_AUTOMOUNT) lookup_flags &= ~LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT; if (flags & AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW) lookup_flags &= ~LOOKUP_FOLLOW; if (flags & AT_EMPTY_PATH) lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_EMPTY; if (detached && !may_mount()) return -EPERM; fd = get_unused_fd_flags(flags & O_CLOEXEC); if (fd < 0) return fd; error = user_path_at(dfd, filename, lookup_flags, &path); if (unlikely(error)) { file = ERR_PTR(error); } else { if (detached) file = open_detached_copy(&path, flags & AT_RECURSIVE); else file = dentry_open(&path, O_PATH, current_cred()); path_put(&path); } if (IS_ERR(file)) { put_unused_fd(fd); return PTR_ERR(file); } fd_install(fd, file); return fd; } /* * Don't allow locked mount flags to be cleared. * * No locks need to be held here while testing the various MNT_LOCK * flags because those flags can never be cleared once they are set. */ static bool can_change_locked_flags(struct mount *mnt, unsigned int mnt_flags) { unsigned int fl = mnt->mnt.mnt_flags; if ((fl & MNT_LOCK_READONLY) && !(mnt_flags & MNT_READONLY)) return false; if ((fl & MNT_LOCK_NODEV) && !(mnt_flags & MNT_NODEV)) return false; if ((fl & MNT_LOCK_NOSUID) && !(mnt_flags & MNT_NOSUID)) return false; if ((fl & MNT_LOCK_NOEXEC) && !(mnt_flags & MNT_NOEXEC)) return false; if ((fl & MNT_LOCK_ATIME) && ((fl & MNT_ATIME_MASK) != (mnt_flags & MNT_ATIME_MASK))) return false; return true; } static int change_mount_ro_state(struct mount *mnt, unsigned int mnt_flags) { bool readonly_request = (mnt_flags & MNT_READONLY); if (readonly_request == __mnt_is_readonly(&mnt->mnt)) return 0; if (readonly_request) return mnt_make_readonly(mnt); return __mnt_unmake_readonly(mnt); } /* * Update the user-settable attributes on a mount. The caller must hold * sb->s_umount for writing. */ static void set_mount_attributes(struct mount *mnt, unsigned int mnt_flags) { lock_mount_hash(); mnt_flags |= mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & ~MNT_USER_SETTABLE_MASK; mnt->mnt.mnt_flags = mnt_flags; touch_mnt_namespace(mnt->mnt_ns); unlock_mount_hash(); } static void mnt_warn_timestamp_expiry(struct path *mountpoint, struct vfsmount *mnt) { struct super_block *sb = mnt->mnt_sb; if (!__mnt_is_readonly(mnt) && (ktime_get_real_seconds() + TIME_UPTIME_SEC_MAX > sb->s_time_max)) { char *buf = (char *)__get_free_page(GFP_KERNEL); char *mntpath = buf ? d_path(mountpoint, buf, PAGE_SIZE) : ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); struct tm tm; time64_to_tm(sb->s_time_max, 0, &tm); pr_warn("%s filesystem being %s at %s supports timestamps until %04ld (0x%llx)\n", sb->s_type->name, is_mounted(mnt) ? "remounted" : "mounted", mntpath, tm.tm_year+1900, (unsigned long long)sb->s_time_max); free_page((unsigned long)buf); } } /* * Handle reconfiguration of the mountpoint only without alteration of the * superblock it refers to. This is triggered by specifying MS_REMOUNT|MS_BIND * to mount(2). */ static int do_reconfigure_mnt(struct path *path, unsigned int mnt_flags) { struct super_block *sb = path->mnt->mnt_sb; struct mount *mnt = real_mount(path->mnt); int ret; if (!check_mnt(mnt)) return -EINVAL; if (path->dentry != mnt->mnt.mnt_root) return -EINVAL; if (!can_change_locked_flags(mnt, mnt_flags)) return -EPERM; down_write(&sb->s_umount); ret = change_mount_ro_state(mnt, mnt_flags); if (ret == 0) set_mount_attributes(mnt, mnt_flags); up_write(&sb->s_umount); mnt_warn_timestamp_expiry(path, &mnt->mnt); return ret; } /* * change filesystem flags. dir should be a physical root of filesystem. * If you've mounted a non-root directory somewhere and want to do remount * on it - tough luck. */ static int do_remount(struct path *path, int ms_flags, int sb_flags, int mnt_flags, void *data) { int err; struct super_block *sb = path->mnt->mnt_sb; struct mount *mnt = real_mount(path->mnt); struct fs_context *fc; if (!check_mnt(mnt)) return -EINVAL; if (path->dentry != path->mnt->mnt_root) return -EINVAL; if (!can_change_locked_flags(mnt, mnt_flags)) return -EPERM; fc = fs_context_for_reconfigure(path->dentry, sb_flags, MS_RMT_MASK); if (IS_ERR(fc)) return PTR_ERR(fc); fc->oldapi = true; err = parse_monolithic_mount_data(fc, data); if (!err) { down_write(&sb->s_umount); err = -EPERM; if (ns_capable(sb->s_user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) { err = reconfigure_super(fc); if (!err) set_mount_attributes(mnt, mnt_flags); } up_write(&sb->s_umount); } mnt_warn_timestamp_expiry(path, &mnt->mnt); put_fs_context(fc); return err; } static inline int tree_contains_unbindable(struct mount *mnt) { struct mount *p; for (p = mnt; p; p = next_mnt(p, mnt)) { if (IS_MNT_UNBINDABLE(p)) return 1; } return 0; } /* * Check that there aren't references to earlier/same mount namespaces in the * specified subtree. Such references can act as pins for mount namespaces * that aren't checked by the mount-cycle checking code, thereby allowing * cycles to be made. */ static bool check_for_nsfs_mounts(struct mount *subtree) { struct mount *p; bool ret = false; lock_mount_hash(); for (p = subtree; p; p = next_mnt(p, subtree)) if (mnt_ns_loop(p->mnt.mnt_root)) goto out; ret = true; out: unlock_mount_hash(); return ret; } static int do_move_mount(struct path *old_path, struct path *new_path) { struct mnt_namespace *ns; struct mount *p; struct mount *old; struct mount *parent; struct mountpoint *mp, *old_mp; int err; bool attached; mp = lock_mount(new_path); if (IS_ERR(mp)) return PTR_ERR(mp); old = real_mount(old_path->mnt); p = real_mount(new_path->mnt); parent = old->mnt_parent; attached = mnt_has_parent(old); old_mp = old->mnt_mp; ns = old->mnt_ns; err = -EINVAL; /* The mountpoint must be in our namespace. */ if (!check_mnt(p)) goto out; /* The thing moved must be mounted... */ if (!is_mounted(&old->mnt)) goto out; /* ... and either ours or the root of anon namespace */ if (!(attached ? check_mnt(old) : is_anon_ns(ns))) goto out; if (old->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED) goto out; if (old_path->dentry != old_path->mnt->mnt_root) goto out; if (d_is_dir(new_path->dentry) != d_is_dir(old_path->dentry)) goto out; /* * Don't move a mount residing in a shared parent. */ if (attached && IS_MNT_SHARED(parent)) goto out; /* * Don't move a mount tree containing unbindable mounts to a destination * mount which is shared. */ if (IS_MNT_SHARED(p) && tree_contains_unbindable(old)) goto out; err = -ELOOP; if (!check_for_nsfs_mounts(old)) goto out; for (; mnt_has_parent(p); p = p->mnt_parent) if (p == old) goto out; err = attach_recursive_mnt(old, real_mount(new_path->mnt), mp, attached); if (err) goto out; /* if the mount is moved, it should no longer be expire * automatically */ list_del_init(&old->mnt_expire); if (attached) put_mountpoint(old_mp); out: unlock_mount(mp); if (!err) { if (attached) mntput_no_expire(parent); else free_mnt_ns(ns); } return err; } static int do_move_mount_old(struct path *path, const char *old_name) { struct path old_path; int err; if (!old_name || !*old_name) return -EINVAL; err = kern_path(old_name, LOOKUP_FOLLOW, &old_path); if (err) return err; err = do_move_mount(&old_path, path); path_put(&old_path); return err; } /* * add a mount into a namespace's mount tree */ static int do_add_mount(struct mount *newmnt, struct mountpoint *mp, struct path *path, int mnt_flags) { struct mount *parent = real_mount(path->mnt); mnt_flags &= ~MNT_INTERNAL_FLAGS; if (unlikely(!check_mnt(parent))) { /* that's acceptable only for automounts done in private ns */ if (!(mnt_flags & MNT_SHRINKABLE)) return -EINVAL; /* ... and for those we'd better have mountpoint still alive */ if (!parent->mnt_ns) return -EINVAL; } /* Refuse the same filesystem on the same mount point */ if (path->mnt->mnt_sb == newmnt->mnt.mnt_sb && path->mnt->mnt_root == path->dentry) return -EBUSY; if (d_is_symlink(newmnt->mnt.mnt_root)) return -EINVAL; newmnt->mnt.mnt_flags = mnt_flags; return graft_tree(newmnt, parent, mp); } static bool mount_too_revealing(const struct super_block *sb, int *new_mnt_flags); /* * Create a new mount using a superblock configuration and request it * be added to the namespace tree. */ static int do_new_mount_fc(struct fs_context *fc, struct path *mountpoint, unsigned int mnt_flags) { struct vfsmount *mnt; struct mountpoint *mp; struct super_block *sb = fc->root->d_sb; int error; error = security_sb_kern_mount(sb); if (!error && mount_too_revealing(sb, &mnt_flags)) error = -EPERM; if (unlikely(error)) { fc_drop_locked(fc); return error; } up_write(&sb->s_umount); mnt = vfs_create_mount(fc); if (IS_ERR(mnt)) return PTR_ERR(mnt); mnt_warn_timestamp_expiry(mountpoint, mnt); mp = lock_mount(mountpoint); if (IS_ERR(mp)) { mntput(mnt); return PTR_ERR(mp); } error = do_add_mount(real_mount(mnt), mp, mountpoint, mnt_flags); unlock_mount(mp); if (error < 0) mntput(mnt); return error; } /* * create a new mount for userspace and request it to be added into the * namespace's tree */ static int do_new_mount(struct path *path, const char *fstype, int sb_flags, int mnt_flags, const char *name, void *data) { struct file_system_type *type; struct fs_context *fc; const char *subtype = NULL; int err = 0; if (!fstype) return -EINVAL; type = get_fs_type(fstype); if (!type) return -ENODEV; if (type->fs_flags & FS_HAS_SUBTYPE) { subtype = strchr(fstype, '.'); if (subtype) { subtype++; if (!*subtype) { put_filesystem(type); return -EINVAL; } } } fc = fs_context_for_mount(type, sb_flags); put_filesystem(type); if (IS_ERR(fc)) return PTR_ERR(fc); if (subtype) err = vfs_parse_fs_string(fc, "subtype", subtype, strlen(subtype)); if (!err && name) err = vfs_parse_fs_string(fc, "source", name, strlen(name)); if (!err) err = parse_monolithic_mount_data(fc, data); if (!err && !mount_capable(fc)) err = -EPERM; if (!err) err = vfs_get_tree(fc); if (!err) err = do_new_mount_fc(fc, path, mnt_flags); put_fs_context(fc); return err; } int finish_automount(struct vfsmount *m, struct path *path) { struct dentry *dentry = path->dentry; struct mountpoint *mp; struct mount *mnt; int err; if (!m) return 0; if (IS_ERR(m)) return PTR_ERR(m); mnt = real_mount(m); /* The new mount record should have at least 2 refs to prevent it being * expired before we get a chance to add it */ BUG_ON(mnt_get_count(mnt) < 2); if (m->mnt_sb == path->mnt->mnt_sb && m->mnt_root == dentry) { err = -ELOOP; goto discard; } /* * we don't want to use lock_mount() - in this case finding something * that overmounts our mountpoint to be means "quitely drop what we've * got", not "try to mount it on top". */ inode_lock(dentry->d_inode); namespace_lock(); if (unlikely(cant_mount(dentry))) { err = -ENOENT; goto discard_locked; } rcu_read_lock(); if (unlikely(__lookup_mnt(path->mnt, dentry))) { rcu_read_unlock(); err = 0; goto discard_locked; } rcu_read_unlock(); mp = get_mountpoint(dentry); if (IS_ERR(mp)) { err = PTR_ERR(mp); goto discard_locked; } err = do_add_mount(mnt, mp, path, path->mnt->mnt_flags | MNT_SHRINKABLE); unlock_mount(mp); if (unlikely(err)) goto discard; mntput(m); return 0; discard_locked: namespace_unlock(); inode_unlock(dentry->d_inode); discard: /* remove m from any expiration list it may be on */ if (!list_empty(&mnt->mnt_expire)) { namespace_lock(); list_del_init(&mnt->mnt_expire); namespace_unlock(); } mntput(m); mntput(m); return err; } /** * mnt_set_expiry - Put a mount on an expiration list * @mnt: The mount to list. * @expiry_list: The list to add the mount to. */ void mnt_set_expiry(struct vfsmount *mnt, struct list_head *expiry_list) { namespace_lock(); list_add_tail(&real_mount(mnt)->mnt_expire, expiry_list); namespace_unlock(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(mnt_set_expiry); /* * process a list of expirable mountpoints with the intent of discarding any * mountpoints that aren't in use and haven't been touched since last we came * here */ void mark_mounts_for_expiry(struct list_head *mounts) { struct mount *mnt, *next; LIST_HEAD(graveyard); if (list_empty(mounts)) return; namespace_lock(); lock_mount_hash(); /* extract from the expiration list every vfsmount that matches the * following criteria: * - only referenced by its parent vfsmount * - still marked for expiry (marked on the last call here; marks are * cleared by mntput()) */ list_for_each_entry_safe(mnt, next, mounts, mnt_expire) { if (!xchg(&mnt->mnt_expiry_mark, 1) || propagate_mount_busy(mnt, 1)) continue; list_move(&mnt->mnt_expire, &graveyard); } while (!list_empty(&graveyard)) { mnt = list_first_entry(&graveyard, struct mount, mnt_expire); touch_mnt_namespace(mnt->mnt_ns); umount_tree(mnt, UMOUNT_PROPAGATE|UMOUNT_SYNC); } unlock_mount_hash(); namespace_unlock(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mark_mounts_for_expiry); /* * Ripoff of 'select_parent()' * * search the list of submounts for a given mountpoint, and move any * shrinkable submounts to the 'graveyard' list. */ static int select_submounts(struct mount *parent, struct list_head *graveyard) { struct mount *this_parent = parent; struct list_head *next; int found = 0; repeat: next = this_parent->mnt_mounts.next; resume: while (next != &this_parent->mnt_mounts) { struct list_head *tmp = next; struct mount *mnt = list_entry(tmp, struct mount, mnt_child); next = tmp->next; if (!(mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_SHRINKABLE)) continue; /* * Descend a level if the d_mounts list is non-empty. */ if (!list_empty(&mnt->mnt_mounts)) { this_parent = mnt; goto repeat; } if (!propagate_mount_busy(mnt, 1)) { list_move_tail(&mnt->mnt_expire, graveyard); found++; } } /* * All done at this level ... ascend and resume the search */ if (this_parent != parent) { next = this_parent->mnt_child.next; this_parent = this_parent->mnt_parent; goto resume; } return found; } /* * process a list of expirable mountpoints with the intent of discarding any * submounts of a specific parent mountpoint * * mount_lock must be held for write */ static void shrink_submounts(struct mount *mnt) { LIST_HEAD(graveyard); struct mount *m; /* extract submounts of 'mountpoint' from the expiration list */ while (select_submounts(mnt, &graveyard)) { while (!list_empty(&graveyard)) { m = list_first_entry(&graveyard, struct mount, mnt_expire); touch_mnt_namespace(m->mnt_ns); umount_tree(m, UMOUNT_PROPAGATE|UMOUNT_SYNC); } } } static void *copy_mount_options(const void __user * data) { char *copy; unsigned left, offset; if (!data) return NULL; copy = kmalloc(PAGE_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL); if (!copy) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); left = copy_from_user(copy, data, PAGE_SIZE); /* * Not all architectures have an exact copy_from_user(). Resort to * byte at a time. */ offset = PAGE_SIZE - left; while (left) { char c; if (get_user(c, (const char __user *)data + offset)) break; copy[offset] = c; left--; offset++; } if (left == PAGE_SIZE) { kfree(copy); return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT); } return copy; } static char *copy_mount_string(const void __user *data) { return data ? strndup_user(data, PATH_MAX) : NULL; } /* * Flags is a 32-bit value that allows up to 31 non-fs dependent flags to * be given to the mount() call (ie: read-only, no-dev, no-suid etc). * * data is a (void *) that can point to any structure up to * PAGE_SIZE-1 bytes, which can contain arbitrary fs-dependent * information (or be NULL). * * Pre-0.97 versions of mount() didn't have a flags word. * When the flags word was introduced its top half was required * to have the magic value 0xC0ED, and this remained so until 2.4.0-test9. * Therefore, if this magic number is present, it carries no information * and must be discarded. */ int path_mount(const char *dev_name, struct path *path, const char *type_page, unsigned long flags, void *data_page) { unsigned int mnt_flags = 0, sb_flags; int ret; /* Discard magic */ if ((flags & MS_MGC_MSK) == MS_MGC_VAL) flags &= ~MS_MGC_MSK; /* Basic sanity checks */ if (data_page) ((char *)data_page)[PAGE_SIZE - 1] = 0; if (flags & MS_NOUSER) return -EINVAL; ret = security_sb_mount(dev_name, path, type_page, flags, data_page); if (ret) return ret; if (!may_mount()) return -EPERM; if ((flags & SB_MANDLOCK) && !may_mandlock()) return -EPERM; /* Default to relatime unless overriden */ if (!(flags & MS_NOATIME)) mnt_flags |= MNT_RELATIME; /* Separate the per-mountpoint flags */ if (flags & MS_NOSUID) mnt_flags |= MNT_NOSUID; if (flags & MS_NODEV) mnt_flags |= MNT_NODEV; if (flags & MS_NOEXEC) mnt_flags |= MNT_NOEXEC; if (flags & MS_NOATIME) mnt_flags |= MNT_NOATIME; if (flags & MS_NODIRATIME) mnt_flags |= MNT_NODIRATIME; if (flags & MS_STRICTATIME) mnt_flags &= ~(MNT_RELATIME | MNT_NOATIME); if (flags & MS_RDONLY) mnt_flags |= MNT_READONLY; if (flags & MS_NOSYMFOLLOW) mnt_flags |= MNT_NOSYMFOLLOW; /* The default atime for remount is preservation */ if ((flags & MS_REMOUNT) && ((flags & (MS_NOATIME | MS_NODIRATIME | MS_RELATIME | MS_STRICTATIME)) == 0)) { mnt_flags &= ~MNT_ATIME_MASK; mnt_flags |= path->mnt->mnt_flags & MNT_ATIME_MASK; } sb_flags = flags & (SB_RDONLY | SB_SYNCHRONOUS | SB_MANDLOCK | SB_DIRSYNC | SB_SILENT | SB_POSIXACL | SB_LAZYTIME | SB_I_VERSION); if ((flags & (MS_REMOUNT | MS_BIND)) == (MS_REMOUNT | MS_BIND)) return do_reconfigure_mnt(path, mnt_flags); if (flags & MS_REMOUNT) return do_remount(path, flags, sb_flags, mnt_flags, data_page); if (flags & MS_BIND) return do_loopback(path, dev_name, flags & MS_REC); if (flags & (MS_SHARED | MS_PRIVATE | MS_SLAVE | MS_UNBINDABLE)) return do_change_type(path, flags); if (flags & MS_MOVE) return do_move_mount_old(path, dev_name); return do_new_mount(path, type_page, sb_flags, mnt_flags, dev_name, data_page); } long do_mount(const char *dev_name, const char __user *dir_name, const char *type_page, unsigned long flags, void *data_page) { struct path path; int ret; ret = user_path_at(AT_FDCWD, dir_name, LOOKUP_FOLLOW, &path); if (ret) return ret; ret = path_mount(dev_name, &path, type_page, flags, data_page); path_put(&path); return ret; } static struct ucounts *inc_mnt_namespaces(struct user_namespace *ns) { return inc_ucount(ns, current_euid(), UCOUNT_MNT_NAMESPACES); } static void dec_mnt_namespaces(struct ucounts *ucounts) { dec_ucount(ucounts, UCOUNT_MNT_NAMESPACES); } static void free_mnt_ns(struct mnt_namespace *ns) { if (!is_anon_ns(ns)) ns_free_inum(&ns->ns); dec_mnt_namespaces(ns->ucounts); put_user_ns(ns->user_ns); kfree(ns); } /* * Assign a sequence number so we can detect when we attempt to bind * mount a reference to an older mount namespace into the current * mount namespace, preventing reference counting loops. A 64bit * number incrementing at 10Ghz will take 12,427 years to wrap which * is effectively never, so we can ignore the possibility. */ static atomic64_t mnt_ns_seq = ATOMIC64_INIT(1); static struct mnt_namespace *alloc_mnt_ns(struct user_namespace *user_ns, bool anon) { struct mnt_namespace *new_ns; struct ucounts *ucounts; int ret; ucounts = inc_mnt_namespaces(user_ns); if (!ucounts) return ERR_PTR(-ENOSPC); new_ns = kzalloc(sizeof(struct mnt_namespace), GFP_KERNEL); if (!new_ns) { dec_mnt_namespaces(ucounts); return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); } if (!anon) { ret = ns_alloc_inum(&new_ns->ns); if (ret) { kfree(new_ns); dec_mnt_namespaces(ucounts); return ERR_PTR(ret); } } new_ns->ns.ops = &mntns_operations; if (!anon) new_ns->seq = atomic64_add_return(1, &mnt_ns_seq); atomic_set(&new_ns->count, 1); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&new_ns->list); init_waitqueue_head(&new_ns->poll); spin_lock_init(&new_ns->ns_lock); new_ns->user_ns = get_user_ns(user_ns); new_ns->ucounts = ucounts; return new_ns; } __latent_entropy struct mnt_namespace *copy_mnt_ns(unsigned long flags, struct mnt_namespace *ns, struct user_namespace *user_ns, struct fs_struct *new_fs) { struct mnt_namespace *new_ns; struct vfsmount *rootmnt = NULL, *pwdmnt = NULL; struct mount *p, *q; struct mount *old; struct mount *new; int copy_flags; BUG_ON(!ns); if (likely(!(flags & CLONE_NEWNS))) { get_mnt_ns(ns); return ns; } old = ns->root; new_ns = alloc_mnt_ns(user_ns, false); if (IS_ERR(new_ns)) return new_ns; namespace_lock(); /* First pass: copy the tree topology */ copy_flags = CL_COPY_UNBINDABLE | CL_EXPIRE; if (user_ns != ns->user_ns) copy_flags |= CL_SHARED_TO_SLAVE; new = copy_tree(old, old->mnt.mnt_root, copy_flags); if (IS_ERR(new)) { namespace_unlock(); free_mnt_ns(new_ns); return ERR_CAST(new); } if (user_ns != ns->user_ns) { lock_mount_hash(); lock_mnt_tree(new); unlock_mount_hash(); } new_ns->root = new; list_add_tail(&new_ns->list, &new->mnt_list); /* * Second pass: switch the tsk->fs->* elements and mark new vfsmounts * as belonging to new namespace. We have already acquired a private * fs_struct, so tsk->fs->lock is not needed. */ p = old; q = new; while (p) { q->mnt_ns = new_ns; new_ns->mounts++; if (new_fs) { if (&p->mnt == new_fs->root.mnt) { new_fs->root.mnt = mntget(&q->mnt); rootmnt = &p->mnt; } if (&p->mnt == new_fs->pwd.mnt) { new_fs->pwd.mnt = mntget(&q->mnt); pwdmnt = &p->mnt; } } p = next_mnt(p, old); q = next_mnt(q, new); if (!q) break; while (p->mnt.mnt_root != q->mnt.mnt_root) p = next_mnt(p, old); } namespace_unlock(); if (rootmnt) mntput(rootmnt); if (pwdmnt) mntput(pwdmnt); return new_ns; } struct dentry *mount_subtree(struct vfsmount *m, const char *name) { struct mount *mnt = real_mount(m); struct mnt_namespace *ns; struct super_block *s; struct path path; int err; ns = alloc_mnt_ns(&init_user_ns, true); if (IS_ERR(ns)) { mntput(m); return ERR_CAST(ns); } mnt->mnt_ns = ns; ns->root = mnt; ns->mounts++; list_add(&mnt->mnt_list, &ns->list); err = vfs_path_lookup(m->mnt_root, m, name, LOOKUP_FOLLOW|LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT, &path); put_mnt_ns(ns); if (err) return ERR_PTR(err); /* trade a vfsmount reference for active sb one */ s = path.mnt->mnt_sb; atomic_inc(&s->s_active); mntput(path.mnt); /* lock the sucker */ down_write(&s->s_umount); /* ... and return the root of (sub)tree on it */ return path.dentry; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(mount_subtree); SYSCALL_DEFINE5(mount, char __user *, dev_name, char __user *, dir_name, char __user *, type, unsigned long, flags, void __user *, data) { int ret; char *kernel_type; char *kernel_dev; void *options; kernel_type = copy_mount_string(type); ret = PTR_ERR(kernel_type); if (IS_ERR(kernel_type)) goto out_type; kernel_dev = copy_mount_string(dev_name); ret = PTR_ERR(kernel_dev); if (IS_ERR(kernel_dev)) goto out_dev; options = copy_mount_options(data); ret = PTR_ERR(options); if (IS_ERR(options)) goto out_data; ret = do_mount(kernel_dev, dir_name, kernel_type, flags, options); kfree(options); out_data: kfree(kernel_dev); out_dev: kfree(kernel_type); out_type: return ret; } /* * Create a kernel mount representation for a new, prepared superblock * (specified by fs_fd) and attach to an open_tree-like file descriptor. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE3(fsmount, int, fs_fd, unsigned int, flags, unsigned int, attr_flags) { struct mnt_namespace *ns; struct fs_context *fc; struct file *file; struct path newmount; struct mount *mnt; struct fd f; unsigned int mnt_flags = 0; long ret; if (!may_mount()) return -EPERM; if ((flags & ~(FSMOUNT_CLOEXEC)) != 0) return -EINVAL; if (attr_flags & ~(MOUNT_ATTR_RDONLY | MOUNT_ATTR_NOSUID | MOUNT_ATTR_NODEV | MOUNT_ATTR_NOEXEC | MOUNT_ATTR__ATIME | MOUNT_ATTR_NODIRATIME)) return -EINVAL; if (attr_flags & MOUNT_ATTR_RDONLY) mnt_flags |= MNT_READONLY; if (attr_flags & MOUNT_ATTR_NOSUID) mnt_flags |= MNT_NOSUID; if (attr_flags & MOUNT_ATTR_NODEV) mnt_flags |= MNT_NODEV; if (attr_flags & MOUNT_ATTR_NOEXEC) mnt_flags |= MNT_NOEXEC; if (attr_flags & MOUNT_ATTR_NODIRATIME) mnt_flags |= MNT_NODIRATIME; switch (attr_flags & MOUNT_ATTR__ATIME) { case MOUNT_ATTR_STRICTATIME: break; case MOUNT_ATTR_NOATIME: mnt_flags |= MNT_NOATIME; break; case MOUNT_ATTR_RELATIME: mnt_flags |= MNT_RELATIME; break; default: return -EINVAL; } f = fdget(fs_fd); if (!f.file) return -EBADF; ret = -EINVAL; if (f.file->f_op != &fscontext_fops) goto err_fsfd; fc = f.file->private_data; ret = mutex_lock_interruptible(&fc->uapi_mutex); if (ret < 0) goto err_fsfd; /* There must be a valid superblock or we can't mount it */ ret = -EINVAL; if (!fc->root) goto err_unlock; ret = -EPERM; if (mount_too_revealing(fc->root->d_sb, &mnt_flags)) { pr_warn("VFS: Mount too revealing\n"); goto err_unlock; } ret = -EBUSY; if (fc->phase != FS_CONTEXT_AWAITING_MOUNT) goto err_unlock; ret = -EPERM; if ((fc->sb_flags & SB_MANDLOCK) && !may_mandlock()) goto err_unlock; newmount.mnt = vfs_create_mount(fc); if (IS_ERR(newmount.mnt)) { ret = PTR_ERR(newmount.mnt); goto err_unlock; } newmount.dentry = dget(fc->root); newmount.mnt->mnt_flags = mnt_flags; /* We've done the mount bit - now move the file context into more or * less the same state as if we'd done an fspick(). We don't want to * do any memory allocation or anything like that at this point as we * don't want to have to handle any errors incurred. */ vfs_clean_context(fc); ns = alloc_mnt_ns(current->nsproxy->mnt_ns->user_ns, true); if (IS_ERR(ns)) { ret = PTR_ERR(ns); goto err_path; } mnt = real_mount(newmount.mnt); mnt->mnt_ns = ns; ns->root = mnt; ns->mounts = 1; list_add(&mnt->mnt_list, &ns->list); mntget(newmount.mnt); /* Attach to an apparent O_PATH fd with a note that we need to unmount * it, not just simply put it. */ file = dentry_open(&newmount, O_PATH, fc->cred); if (IS_ERR(file)) { dissolve_on_fput(newmount.mnt); ret = PTR_ERR(file); goto err_path; } file->f_mode |= FMODE_NEED_UNMOUNT; ret = get_unused_fd_flags((flags & FSMOUNT_CLOEXEC) ? O_CLOEXEC : 0); if (ret >= 0) fd_install(ret, file); else fput(file); err_path: path_put(&newmount); err_unlock: mutex_unlock(&fc->uapi_mutex); err_fsfd: fdput(f); return ret; } /* * Move a mount from one place to another. In combination with * fsopen()/fsmount() this is used to install a new mount and in combination * with open_tree(OPEN_TREE_CLONE [| AT_RECURSIVE]) it can be used to copy * a mount subtree. * * Note the flags value is a combination of MOVE_MOUNT_* flags. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(move_mount, int, from_dfd, const char __user *, from_pathname, int, to_dfd, const char __user *, to_pathname, unsigned int, flags) { struct path from_path, to_path; unsigned int lflags; int ret = 0; if (!may_mount()) return -EPERM; if (flags & ~MOVE_MOUNT__MASK) return -EINVAL; /* If someone gives a pathname, they aren't permitted to move * from an fd that requires unmount as we can't get at the flag * to clear it afterwards. */ lflags = 0; if (flags & MOVE_MOUNT_F_SYMLINKS) lflags |= LOOKUP_FOLLOW; if (flags & MOVE_MOUNT_F_AUTOMOUNTS) lflags |= LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT; if (flags & MOVE_MOUNT_F_EMPTY_PATH) lflags |= LOOKUP_EMPTY; ret = user_path_at(from_dfd, from_pathname, lflags, &from_path); if (ret < 0) return ret; lflags = 0; if (flags & MOVE_MOUNT_T_SYMLINKS) lflags |= LOOKUP_FOLLOW; if (flags & MOVE_MOUNT_T_AUTOMOUNTS) lflags |= LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT; if (flags & MOVE_MOUNT_T_EMPTY_PATH) lflags |= LOOKUP_EMPTY; ret = user_path_at(to_dfd, to_pathname, lflags, &to_path); if (ret < 0) goto out_from; ret = security_move_mount(&from_path, &to_path); if (ret < 0) goto out_to; ret = do_move_mount(&from_path, &to_path); out_to: path_put(&to_path); out_from: path_put(&from_path); return ret; } /* * Return true if path is reachable from root * * namespace_sem or mount_lock is held */ bool is_path_reachable(struct mount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry, const struct path *root) { while (&mnt->mnt != root->mnt && mnt_has_parent(mnt)) { dentry = mnt->mnt_mountpoint; mnt = mnt->mnt_parent; } return &mnt->mnt == root->mnt && is_subdir(dentry, root->dentry); } bool path_is_under(const struct path *path1, const struct path *path2) { bool res; read_seqlock_excl(&mount_lock); res = is_path_reachable(real_mount(path1->mnt), path1->dentry, path2); read_sequnlock_excl(&mount_lock); return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(path_is_under); /* * pivot_root Semantics: * Moves the root file system of the current process to the directory put_old, * makes new_root as the new root file system of the current process, and sets * root/cwd of all processes which had them on the current root to new_root. * * Restrictions: * The new_root and put_old must be directories, and must not be on the * same file system as the current process root. The put_old must be * underneath new_root, i.e. adding a non-zero number of /.. to the string * pointed to by put_old must yield the same directory as new_root. No other * file system may be mounted on put_old. After all, new_root is a mountpoint. * * Also, the current root cannot be on the 'rootfs' (initial ramfs) filesystem. * See Documentation/filesystems/ramfs-rootfs-initramfs.rst for alternatives * in this situation. * * Notes: * - we don't move root/cwd if they are not at the root (reason: if something * cared enough to change them, it's probably wrong to force them elsewhere) * - it's okay to pick a root that isn't the root of a file system, e.g. * /nfs/my_root where /nfs is the mount point. It must be a mountpoint, * though, so you may need to say mount --bind /nfs/my_root /nfs/my_root * first. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE2(pivot_root, const char __user *, new_root, const char __user *, put_old) { struct path new, old, root; struct mount *new_mnt, *root_mnt, *old_mnt, *root_parent, *ex_parent; struct mountpoint *old_mp, *root_mp; int error; if (!may_mount()) return -EPERM; error = user_path_at(AT_FDCWD, new_root, LOOKUP_FOLLOW | LOOKUP_DIRECTORY, &new); if (error) goto out0; error = user_path_at(AT_FDCWD, put_old, LOOKUP_FOLLOW | LOOKUP_DIRECTORY, &old); if (error) goto out1; error = security_sb_pivotroot(&old, &new); if (error) goto out2; get_fs_root(current->fs, &root); old_mp = lock_mount(&old); error = PTR_ERR(old_mp); if (IS_ERR(old_mp)) goto out3; error = -EINVAL; new_mnt = real_mount(new.mnt); root_mnt = real_mount(root.mnt); old_mnt = real_mount(old.mnt); ex_parent = new_mnt->mnt_parent; root_parent = root_mnt->mnt_parent; if (IS_MNT_SHARED(old_mnt) || IS_MNT_SHARED(ex_parent) || IS_MNT_SHARED(root_parent)) goto out4; if (!check_mnt(root_mnt) || !check_mnt(new_mnt)) goto out4; if (new_mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED) goto out4; error = -ENOENT; if (d_unlinked(new.dentry)) goto out4; error = -EBUSY; if (new_mnt == root_mnt || old_mnt == root_mnt) goto out4; /* loop, on the same file system */ error = -EINVAL; if (root.mnt->mnt_root != root.dentry) goto out4; /* not a mountpoint */ if (!mnt_has_parent(root_mnt)) goto out4; /* not attached */ if (new.mnt->mnt_root != new.dentry) goto out4; /* not a mountpoint */ if (!mnt_has_parent(new_mnt)) goto out4; /* not attached */ /* make sure we can reach put_old from new_root */ if (!is_path_reachable(old_mnt, old.dentry, &new)) goto out4; /* make certain new is below the root */ if (!is_path_reachable(new_mnt, new.dentry, &root)) goto out4; lock_mount_hash(); umount_mnt(new_mnt); root_mp = unhash_mnt(root_mnt); /* we'll need its mountpoint */ if (root_mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED) { new_mnt->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_LOCKED; root_mnt->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_LOCKED; } /* mount old root on put_old */ attach_mnt(root_mnt, old_mnt, old_mp); /* mount new_root on / */ attach_mnt(new_mnt, root_parent, root_mp); mnt_add_count(root_parent, -1); touch_mnt_namespace(current->nsproxy->mnt_ns); /* A moved mount should not expire automatically */ list_del_init(&new_mnt->mnt_expire); put_mountpoint(root_mp); unlock_mount_hash(); chroot_fs_refs(&root, &new); error = 0; out4: unlock_mount(old_mp); if (!error) mntput_no_expire(ex_parent); out3: path_put(&root); out2: path_put(&old); out1: path_put(&new); out0: return error; } static void __init init_mount_tree(void) { struct vfsmount *mnt; struct mount *m; struct mnt_namespace *ns; struct path root; mnt = vfs_kern_mount(&rootfs_fs_type, 0, "rootfs", NULL); if (IS_ERR(mnt)) panic("Can't create rootfs"); ns = alloc_mnt_ns(&init_user_ns, false); if (IS_ERR(ns)) panic("Can't allocate initial namespace"); m = real_mount(mnt); m->mnt_ns = ns; ns->root = m; ns->mounts = 1; list_add(&m->mnt_list, &ns->list); init_task.nsproxy->mnt_ns = ns; get_mnt_ns(ns); root.mnt = mnt; root.dentry = mnt->mnt_root; mnt->mnt_flags |= MNT_LOCKED; set_fs_pwd(current->fs, &root); set_fs_root(current->fs, &root); } void __init mnt_init(void) { int err; mnt_cache = kmem_cache_create("mnt_cache", sizeof(struct mount), 0, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN | SLAB_PANIC, NULL); mount_hashtable = alloc_large_system_hash("Mount-cache", sizeof(struct hlist_head), mhash_entries, 19, HASH_ZERO, &m_hash_shift, &m_hash_mask, 0, 0); mountpoint_hashtable = alloc_large_system_hash("Mountpoint-cache", sizeof(struct hlist_head), mphash_entries, 19, HASH_ZERO, &mp_hash_shift, &mp_hash_mask, 0, 0); if (!mount_hashtable || !mountpoint_hashtable) panic("Failed to allocate mount hash table\n"); kernfs_init(); err = sysfs_init(); if (err) printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: sysfs_init error: %d\n", __func__, err); fs_kobj = kobject_create_and_add("fs", NULL); if (!fs_kobj) printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: kobj create error\n", __func__); shmem_init(); init_rootfs(); init_mount_tree(); } void put_mnt_ns(struct mnt_namespace *ns) { if (!atomic_dec_and_test(&ns->count)) return; drop_collected_mounts(&ns->root->mnt); free_mnt_ns(ns); } struct vfsmount *kern_mount(struct file_system_type *type) { struct vfsmount *mnt; mnt = vfs_kern_mount(type, SB_KERNMOUNT, type->name, NULL); if (!IS_ERR(mnt)) { /* * it is a longterm mount, don't release mnt until * we unmount before file sys is unregistered */ real_mount(mnt)->mnt_ns = MNT_NS_INTERNAL; } return mnt; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kern_mount); void kern_unmount(struct vfsmount *mnt) { /* release long term mount so mount point can be released */ if (!IS_ERR_OR_NULL(mnt)) { real_mount(mnt)->mnt_ns = NULL; synchronize_rcu(); /* yecchhh... */ mntput(mnt); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kern_unmount); void kern_unmount_array(struct vfsmount *mnt[], unsigned int num) { unsigned int i; for (i = 0; i < num; i++) if (mnt[i]) real_mount(mnt[i])->mnt_ns = NULL; synchronize_rcu_expedited(); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) mntput(mnt[i]); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kern_unmount_array); bool our_mnt(struct vfsmount *mnt) { return check_mnt(real_mount(mnt)); } bool current_chrooted(void) { /* Does the current process have a non-standard root */ struct path ns_root; struct path fs_root; bool chrooted; /* Find the namespace root */ ns_root.mnt = &current->nsproxy->mnt_ns->root->mnt; ns_root.dentry = ns_root.mnt->mnt_root; path_get(&ns_root); while (d_mountpoint(ns_root.dentry) && follow_down_one(&ns_root)) ; get_fs_root(current->fs, &fs_root); chrooted = !path_equal(&fs_root, &ns_root); path_put(&fs_root); path_put(&ns_root); return chrooted; } static bool mnt_already_visible(struct mnt_namespace *ns, const struct super_block *sb, int *new_mnt_flags) { int new_flags = *new_mnt_flags; struct mount *mnt; bool visible = false; down_read(&namespace_sem); lock_ns_list(ns); list_for_each_entry(mnt, &ns->list, mnt_list) { struct mount *child; int mnt_flags; if (mnt_is_cursor(mnt)) continue; if (mnt->mnt.mnt_sb->s_type != sb->s_type) continue; /* This mount is not fully visible if it's root directory * is not the root directory of the filesystem. */ if (mnt->mnt.mnt_root != mnt->mnt.mnt_sb->s_root) continue; /* A local view of the mount flags */ mnt_flags = mnt->mnt.mnt_flags; /* Don't miss readonly hidden in the superblock flags */ if (sb_rdonly(mnt->mnt.mnt_sb)) mnt_flags |= MNT_LOCK_READONLY; /* Verify the mount flags are equal to or more permissive * than the proposed new mount. */ if ((mnt_flags & MNT_LOCK_READONLY) && !(new_flags & MNT_READONLY)) continue; if ((mnt_flags & MNT_LOCK_ATIME) && ((mnt_flags & MNT_ATIME_MASK) != (new_flags & MNT_ATIME_MASK))) continue; /* This mount is not fully visible if there are any * locked child mounts that cover anything except for * empty directories. */ list_for_each_entry(child, &mnt->mnt_mounts, mnt_child) { struct inode *inode = child->mnt_mountpoint->d_inode; /* Only worry about locked mounts */ if (!(child->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED)) continue; /* Is the directory permanetly empty? */ if (!is_empty_dir_inode(inode)) goto next; } /* Preserve the locked attributes */ *new_mnt_flags |= mnt_flags & (MNT_LOCK_READONLY | \ MNT_LOCK_ATIME); visible = true; goto found; next: ; } found: unlock_ns_list(ns); up_read(&namespace_sem); return visible; } static bool mount_too_revealing(const struct super_block *sb, int *new_mnt_flags) { const unsigned long required_iflags = SB_I_NOEXEC | SB_I_NODEV; struct mnt_namespace *ns = current->nsproxy->mnt_ns; unsigned long s_iflags; if (ns->user_ns == &init_user_ns) return false; /* Can this filesystem be too revealing? */ s_iflags = sb->s_iflags; if (!(s_iflags & SB_I_USERNS_VISIBLE)) return false; if ((s_iflags & required_iflags) != required_iflags) { WARN_ONCE(1, "Expected s_iflags to contain 0x%lx\n", required_iflags); return true; } return !mnt_already_visible(ns, sb, new_mnt_flags); } bool mnt_may_suid(struct vfsmount *mnt) { /* * Foreign mounts (accessed via fchdir or through /proc * symlinks) are always treated as if they are nosuid. This * prevents namespaces from trusting potentially unsafe * suid/sgid bits, file caps, or security labels that originate * in other namespaces. */ return !(mnt->mnt_flags & MNT_NOSUID) && check_mnt(real_mount(mnt)) && current_in_userns(mnt->mnt_sb->s_user_ns); } static struct ns_common *mntns_get(struct task_struct *task) { struct ns_common *ns = NULL; struct nsproxy *nsproxy; task_lock(task); nsproxy = task->nsproxy; if (nsproxy) { ns = &nsproxy->mnt_ns->ns; get_mnt_ns(to_mnt_ns(ns)); } task_unlock(task); return ns; } static void mntns_put(struct ns_common *ns) { put_mnt_ns(to_mnt_ns(ns)); } static int mntns_install(struct nsset *nsset, struct ns_common *ns) { struct nsproxy *nsproxy = nsset->nsproxy; struct fs_struct *fs = nsset->fs; struct mnt_namespace *mnt_ns = to_mnt_ns(ns), *old_mnt_ns; struct user_namespace *user_ns = nsset->cred->user_ns; struct path root; int err; if (!ns_capable(mnt_ns->user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN) || !ns_capable(user_ns, CAP_SYS_CHROOT) || !ns_capable(user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) return -EPERM; if (is_anon_ns(mnt_ns)) return -EINVAL; if (fs->users != 1) return -EINVAL; get_mnt_ns(mnt_ns); old_mnt_ns = nsproxy->mnt_ns; nsproxy->mnt_ns = mnt_ns; /* Find the root */ err = vfs_path_lookup(mnt_ns->root->mnt.mnt_root, &mnt_ns->root->mnt, "/", LOOKUP_DOWN, &root); if (err) { /* revert to old namespace */ nsproxy->mnt_ns = old_mnt_ns; put_mnt_ns(mnt_ns); return err; } put_mnt_ns(old_mnt_ns); /* Update the pwd and root */ set_fs_pwd(fs, &root); set_fs_root(fs, &root); path_put(&root); return 0; } static struct user_namespace *mntns_owner(struct ns_common *ns) { return to_mnt_ns(ns)->user_ns; } const struct proc_ns_operations mntns_operations = { .name = "mnt", .type = CLONE_NEWNS, .get = mntns_get, .put = mntns_put, .install = mntns_install, .owner = mntns_owner, };
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * * Generic internet FLOW. * */ #ifndef _NET_FLOW_H #define _NET_FLOW_H #include <linux/socket.h> #include <linux/in6.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <net/flow_dissector.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> /* * ifindex generation is per-net namespace, and loopback is * always the 1st device in ns (see net_dev_init), thus any * loopback device should get ifindex 1 */ #define LOOPBACK_IFINDEX 1 struct flowi_tunnel { __be64 tun_id; }; struct flowi_common { int flowic_oif; int flowic_iif; __u32 flowic_mark; __u8 flowic_tos; __u8 flowic_scope; __u8 flowic_proto; __u8 flowic_flags; #define FLOWI_FLAG_ANYSRC 0x01 #define FLOWI_FLAG_KNOWN_NH 0x02 #define FLOWI_FLAG_SKIP_NH_OIF 0x04 __u32 flowic_secid; kuid_t flowic_uid; struct flowi_tunnel flowic_tun_key; __u32 flowic_multipath_hash; }; union flowi_uli { struct { __be16 dport; __be16 sport; } ports; struct { __u8 type; __u8 code; } icmpt; struct { __le16 dport; __le16 sport; } dnports; __be32 spi; __be32 gre_key; struct { __u8 type; } mht; }; struct flowi4 { struct flowi_common __fl_common; #define flowi4_oif __fl_common.flowic_oif #define flowi4_iif __fl_common.flowic_iif #define flowi4_mark __fl_common.flowic_mark #define flowi4_tos __fl_common.flowic_tos #define flowi4_scope __fl_common.flowic_scope #define flowi4_proto __fl_common.flowic_proto #define flowi4_flags __fl_common.flowic_flags #define flowi4_secid __fl_common.flowic_secid #define flowi4_tun_key __fl_common.flowic_tun_key #define flowi4_uid __fl_common.flowic_uid #define flowi4_multipath_hash __fl_common.flowic_multipath_hash /* (saddr,daddr) must be grouped, same order as in IP header */ __be32 saddr; __be32 daddr; union flowi_uli uli; #define fl4_sport uli.ports.sport #define fl4_dport uli.ports.dport #define fl4_icmp_type uli.icmpt.type #define fl4_icmp_code uli.icmpt.code #define fl4_ipsec_spi uli.spi #define fl4_mh_type uli.mht.type #define fl4_gre_key uli.gre_key } __attribute__((__aligned__(BITS_PER_LONG/8))); static inline void flowi4_init_output(struct flowi4 *fl4, int oif, __u32 mark, __u8 tos, __u8 scope, __u8 proto, __u8 flags, __be32 daddr, __be32 saddr, __be16 dport, __be16 sport, kuid_t uid) { fl4->flowi4_oif = oif; fl4->flowi4_iif = LOOPBACK_IFINDEX; fl4->flowi4_mark = mark; fl4->flowi4_tos = tos; fl4->flowi4_scope = scope; fl4->flowi4_proto = proto; fl4->flowi4_flags = flags; fl4->flowi4_secid = 0; fl4->flowi4_tun_key.tun_id = 0; fl4->flowi4_uid = uid; fl4->daddr = daddr; fl4->saddr = saddr; fl4->fl4_dport = dport; fl4->fl4_sport = sport; fl4->flowi4_multipath_hash = 0; } /* Reset some input parameters after previous lookup */ static inline void flowi4_update_output(struct flowi4 *fl4, int oif, __u8 tos, __be32 daddr, __be32 saddr) { fl4->flowi4_oif = oif; fl4->flowi4_tos = tos; fl4->daddr = daddr; fl4->saddr = saddr; } struct flowi6 { struct flowi_common __fl_common; #define flowi6_oif __fl_common.flowic_oif #define flowi6_iif __fl_common.flowic_iif #define flowi6_mark __fl_common.flowic_mark #define flowi6_scope __fl_common.flowic_scope #define flowi6_proto __fl_common.flowic_proto #define flowi6_flags __fl_common.flowic_flags #define flowi6_secid __fl_common.flowic_secid #define flowi6_tun_key __fl_common.flowic_tun_key #define flowi6_uid __fl_common.flowic_uid struct in6_addr daddr; struct in6_addr saddr; /* Note: flowi6_tos is encoded in flowlabel, too. */ __be32 flowlabel; union flowi_uli uli; #define fl6_sport uli.ports.sport #define fl6_dport uli.ports.dport #define fl6_icmp_type uli.icmpt.type #define fl6_icmp_code uli.icmpt.code #define fl6_ipsec_spi uli.spi #define fl6_mh_type uli.mht.type #define fl6_gre_key uli.gre_key __u32 mp_hash; } __attribute__((__aligned__(BITS_PER_LONG/8))); struct flowidn { struct flowi_common __fl_common; #define flowidn_oif __fl_common.flowic_oif #define flowidn_iif __fl_common.flowic_iif #define flowidn_mark __fl_common.flowic_mark #define flowidn_scope __fl_common.flowic_scope #define flowidn_proto __fl_common.flowic_proto #define flowidn_flags __fl_common.flowic_flags __le16 daddr; __le16 saddr; union flowi_uli uli; #define fld_sport uli.ports.sport #define fld_dport uli.ports.dport } __attribute__((__aligned__(BITS_PER_LONG/8))); struct flowi { union { struct flowi_common __fl_common; struct flowi4 ip4; struct flowi6 ip6; struct flowidn dn; } u; #define flowi_oif u.__fl_common.flowic_oif #define flowi_iif u.__fl_common.flowic_iif #define flowi_mark u.__fl_common.flowic_mark #define flowi_tos u.__fl_common.flowic_tos #define flowi_scope u.__fl_common.flowic_scope #define flowi_proto u.__fl_common.flowic_proto #define flowi_flags u.__fl_common.flowic_flags #define flowi_secid u.__fl_common.flowic_secid #define flowi_tun_key u.__fl_common.flowic_tun_key #define flowi_uid u.__fl_common.flowic_uid } __attribute__((__aligned__(BITS_PER_LONG/8))); static inline struct flowi *flowi4_to_flowi(struct flowi4 *fl4) { return container_of(fl4, struct flowi, u.ip4); } static inline struct flowi *flowi6_to_flowi(struct flowi6 *fl6) { return container_of(fl6, struct flowi, u.ip6); } static inline struct flowi *flowidn_to_flowi(struct flowidn *fldn) { return container_of(fldn, struct flowi, u.dn); } __u32 __get_hash_from_flowi6(const struct flowi6 *fl6, struct flow_keys *keys); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_HUGE_MM_H #define _LINUX_HUGE_MM_H #include <linux/sched/coredump.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/fs.h> /* only for vma_is_dax() */ vm_fault_t do_huge_pmd_anonymous_page(struct vm_fault *vmf); int copy_huge_pmd(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, struct mm_struct *src_mm, pmd_t *dst_pmd, pmd_t *src_pmd, unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma); void huge_pmd_set_accessed(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd); int copy_huge_pud(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, struct mm_struct *src_mm, pud_t *dst_pud, pud_t *src_pud, unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct *vma); #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD void huge_pud_set_accessed(struct vm_fault *vmf, pud_t orig_pud); #else static inline void huge_pud_set_accessed(struct vm_fault *vmf, pud_t orig_pud) { } #endif vm_fault_t do_huge_pmd_wp_page(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd); struct page *follow_trans_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned int flags); bool madvise_free_huge_pmd(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long next); int zap_huge_pmd(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr); int zap_huge_pud(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr); bool move_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long old_addr, unsigned long new_addr, pmd_t *old_pmd, pmd_t *new_pmd); int change_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, pgprot_t newprot, unsigned long cp_flags); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_pmd_prot(struct vm_fault *vmf, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot, bool write); /** * vmf_insert_pfn_pmd - insert a pmd size pfn * @vmf: Structure describing the fault * @pfn: pfn to insert * @pgprot: page protection to use * @write: whether it's a write fault * * Insert a pmd size pfn. See vmf_insert_pfn() for additional info. * * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ static inline vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, pfn_t pfn, bool write) { return vmf_insert_pfn_pmd_prot(vmf, pfn, vmf->vma->vm_page_prot, write); } vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_pud_prot(struct vm_fault *vmf, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot, bool write); /** * vmf_insert_pfn_pud - insert a pud size pfn * @vmf: Structure describing the fault * @pfn: pfn to insert * @pgprot: page protection to use * @write: whether it's a write fault * * Insert a pud size pfn. See vmf_insert_pfn() for additional info. * * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ static inline vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_pud(struct vm_fault *vmf, pfn_t pfn, bool write) { return vmf_insert_pfn_pud_prot(vmf, pfn, vmf->vma->vm_page_prot, write); } enum transparent_hugepage_flag { TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_NEVER_DAX, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_REQ_MADV_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_DIRECT_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_KSWAPD_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_KSWAPD_OR_MADV_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_REQ_MADV_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_KHUGEPAGED_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_USE_ZERO_PAGE_FLAG, #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEBUG_COW_FLAG, #endif }; struct kobject; struct kobj_attribute; ssize_t single_hugepage_flag_store(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count, enum transparent_hugepage_flag flag); ssize_t single_hugepage_flag_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf, enum transparent_hugepage_flag flag); extern struct kobj_attribute shmem_enabled_attr; #define HPAGE_PMD_ORDER (HPAGE_PMD_SHIFT-PAGE_SHIFT) #define HPAGE_PMD_NR (1<<HPAGE_PMD_ORDER) #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE #define HPAGE_PMD_SHIFT PMD_SHIFT #define HPAGE_PMD_SIZE ((1UL) << HPAGE_PMD_SHIFT) #define HPAGE_PMD_MASK (~(HPAGE_PMD_SIZE - 1)) #define HPAGE_PUD_SHIFT PUD_SHIFT #define HPAGE_PUD_SIZE ((1UL) << HPAGE_PUD_SHIFT) #define HPAGE_PUD_MASK (~(HPAGE_PUD_SIZE - 1)) extern unsigned long transparent_hugepage_flags; static inline bool transhuge_vma_suitable(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long haddr) { /* Don't have to check pgoff for anonymous vma */ if (!vma_is_anonymous(vma)) { if (!IS_ALIGNED((vma->vm_start >> PAGE_SHIFT) - vma->vm_pgoff, HPAGE_PMD_NR)) return false; } if (haddr < vma->vm_start || haddr + HPAGE_PMD_SIZE > vma->vm_end) return false; return true; } static inline bool transhuge_vma_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long vm_flags) { /* Explicitly disabled through madvise. */ if ((vm_flags & VM_NOHUGEPAGE) || test_bit(MMF_DISABLE_THP, &vma->vm_mm->flags)) return false; return true; } /* * to be used on vmas which are known to support THP. * Use transparent_hugepage_active otherwise */ static inline bool __transparent_hugepage_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { /* * If the hardware/firmware marked hugepage support disabled. */ if (transparent_hugepage_flags & (1 << TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_NEVER_DAX)) return false; if (!transhuge_vma_enabled(vma, vma->vm_flags)) return false; if (vma_is_temporary_stack(vma)) return false; if (transparent_hugepage_flags & (1 << TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_FLAG)) return true; if (vma_is_dax(vma)) return true; if (transparent_hugepage_flags & (1 << TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_REQ_MADV_FLAG)) return !!(vma->vm_flags & VM_HUGEPAGE); return false; } bool transparent_hugepage_active(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #define transparent_hugepage_use_zero_page() \ (transparent_hugepage_flags & \ (1<<TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_USE_ZERO_PAGE_FLAG)) unsigned long thp_get_unmapped_area(struct file *filp, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long flags); void prep_transhuge_page(struct page *page); void free_transhuge_page(struct page *page); bool is_transparent_hugepage(struct page *page); bool can_split_huge_page(struct page *page, int *pextra_pins); int split_huge_page_to_list(struct page *page, struct list_head *list); static inline int split_huge_page(struct page *page) { return split_huge_page_to_list(page, NULL); } void deferred_split_huge_page(struct page *page); void __split_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long address, bool freeze, struct page *page); #define split_huge_pmd(__vma, __pmd, __address) \ do { \ pmd_t *____pmd = (__pmd); \ if (is_swap_pmd(*____pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*____pmd) \ || pmd_devmap(*____pmd)) \ __split_huge_pmd(__vma, __pmd, __address, \ false, NULL); \ } while (0) void split_huge_pmd_address(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, bool freeze, struct page *page); void __split_huge_pud(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address); #define split_huge_pud(__vma, __pud, __address) \ do { \ pud_t *____pud = (__pud); \ if (pud_trans_huge(*____pud) \ || pud_devmap(*____pud)) \ __split_huge_pud(__vma, __pud, __address); \ } while (0) int hugepage_madvise(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long *vm_flags, int advice); void vma_adjust_trans_huge(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, long adjust_next); spinlock_t *__pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd_t *pmd, struct vm_area_struct *vma); spinlock_t *__pud_trans_huge_lock(pud_t *pud, struct vm_area_struct *vma); static inline int is_swap_pmd(pmd_t pmd) { return !pmd_none(pmd) && !pmd_present(pmd); } /* mmap_lock must be held on entry */ static inline spinlock_t *pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd_t *pmd, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (is_swap_pmd(*pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*pmd) || pmd_devmap(*pmd)) return __pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd, vma); else return NULL; } static inline spinlock_t *pud_trans_huge_lock(pud_t *pud, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (pud_trans_huge(*pud) || pud_devmap(*pud)) return __pud_trans_huge_lock(pud, vma); else return NULL; } /** * thp_head - Head page of a transparent huge page. * @page: Any page (tail, head or regular) found in the page cache. */ static inline struct page *thp_head(struct page *page) { return compound_head(page); } /** * thp_order - Order of a transparent huge page. * @page: Head page of a transparent huge page. */ static inline unsigned int thp_order(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page); if (PageHead(page)) return HPAGE_PMD_ORDER; return 0; } /** * thp_nr_pages - The number of regular pages in this huge page. * @page: The head page of a huge page. */ static inline int thp_nr_pages(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page); if (PageHead(page)) return HPAGE_PMD_NR; return 1; } struct page *follow_devmap_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmd, int flags, struct dev_pagemap **pgmap); struct page *follow_devmap_pud(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pud_t *pud, int flags, struct dev_pagemap **pgmap); vm_fault_t do_huge_pmd_numa_page(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd); extern struct page *huge_zero_page; extern unsigned long huge_zero_pfn; static inline bool is_huge_zero_page(struct page *page) { return READ_ONCE(huge_zero_page) == page; } static inline bool is_huge_zero_pmd(pmd_t pmd) { return READ_ONCE(huge_zero_pfn) == pmd_pfn(pmd) && pmd_present(pmd); } static inline bool is_huge_zero_pud(pud_t pud) { return false; } struct page *mm_get_huge_zero_page(struct mm_struct *mm); void mm_put_huge_zero_page(struct mm_struct *mm); #define mk_huge_pmd(page, prot) pmd_mkhuge(mk_pmd(page, prot)) static inline bool thp_migration_supported(void) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_ENABLE_THP_MIGRATION); } static inline struct list_head *page_deferred_list(struct page *page) { /* * Global or memcg deferred list in the second tail pages is * occupied by compound_head. */ return &page[2].deferred_list; } #else /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #define HPAGE_PMD_SHIFT ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) #define HPAGE_PMD_MASK ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) #define HPAGE_PMD_SIZE ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) #define HPAGE_PUD_SHIFT ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) #define HPAGE_PUD_MASK ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) #define HPAGE_PUD_SIZE ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) static inline struct page *thp_head(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page); return page; } static inline unsigned int thp_order(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page); return 0; } static inline int thp_nr_pages(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page); return 1; } static inline bool __transparent_hugepage_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return false; } static inline bool transparent_hugepage_active(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return false; } static inline bool transhuge_vma_suitable(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long haddr) { return false; } static inline bool transhuge_vma_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long vm_flags) { return false; } static inline void prep_transhuge_page(struct page *page) {} static inline bool is_transparent_hugepage(struct page *page) { return false; } #define transparent_hugepage_flags 0UL #define thp_get_unmapped_area NULL static inline bool can_split_huge_page(struct page *page, int *pextra_pins) { BUILD_BUG(); return false; } static inline int split_huge_page_to_list(struct page *page, struct list_head *list) { return 0; } static inline int split_huge_page(struct page *page) { return 0; } static inline void deferred_split_huge_page(struct page *page) {} #define split_huge_pmd(__vma, __pmd, __address) \ do { } while (0) static inline void __split_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long address, bool freeze, struct page *page) {} static inline void split_huge_pmd_address(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, bool freeze, struct page *page) {} #define split_huge_pud(__vma, __pmd, __address) \ do { } while (0) static inline int hugepage_madvise(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long *vm_flags, int advice) { BUG(); return 0; } static inline void vma_adjust_trans_huge(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, long adjust_next) { } static inline int is_swap_pmd(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } static inline spinlock_t *pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd_t *pmd, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return NULL; } static inline spinlock_t *pud_trans_huge_lock(pud_t *pud, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return NULL; } static inline vm_fault_t do_huge_pmd_numa_page(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd) { return 0; } static inline bool is_huge_zero_page(struct page *page) { return false; } static inline bool is_huge_zero_pmd(pmd_t pmd) { return false; } static inline bool is_huge_zero_pud(pud_t pud) { return false; } static inline void mm_put_huge_zero_page(struct mm_struct *mm) { return; } static inline struct page *follow_devmap_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmd, int flags, struct dev_pagemap **pgmap) { return NULL; } static inline struct page *follow_devmap_pud(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pud_t *pud, int flags, struct dev_pagemap **pgmap) { return NULL; } static inline bool thp_migration_supported(void) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ /** * thp_size - Size of a transparent huge page. * @page: Head page of a transparent huge page. * * Return: Number of bytes in this page. */ static inline unsigned long thp_size(struct page *page) { return PAGE_SIZE << thp_order(page); } #endif /* _LINUX_HUGE_MM_H */
1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __ASM_PREEMPT_H #define __ASM_PREEMPT_H #include <asm/rmwcc.h> #include <asm/percpu.h> #include <linux/thread_info.h> DECLARE_PER_CPU(int, __preempt_count); /* We use the MSB mostly because its available */ #define PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED 0x80000000 /* * We use the PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED bit as an inverted NEED_RESCHED such * that a decrement hitting 0 means we can and should reschedule. */ #define PREEMPT_ENABLED (0 + PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED) /* * We mask the PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED bit so as not to confuse all current users * that think a non-zero value indicates we cannot preempt. */ static __always_inline int preempt_count(void) { return raw_cpu_read_4(__preempt_count) & ~PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED; } static __always_inline void preempt_count_set(int pc) { int old, new; do { old = raw_cpu_read_4(__preempt_count); new = (old & PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED) | (pc & ~PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED); } while (raw_cpu_cmpxchg_4(__preempt_count, old, new) != old); } /* * must be macros to avoid header recursion hell */ #define init_task_preempt_count(p) do { } while (0) #define init_idle_preempt_count(p, cpu) do { \ per_cpu(__preempt_count, (cpu)) = PREEMPT_DISABLED; \ } while (0) /* * We fold the NEED_RESCHED bit into the preempt count such that * preempt_enable() can decrement and test for needing to reschedule with a * single instruction. * * We invert the actual bit, so that when the decrement hits 0 we know we both * need to resched (the bit is cleared) and can resched (no preempt count). */ static __always_inline void set_preempt_need_resched(void) { raw_cpu_and_4(__preempt_count, ~PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED); } static __always_inline void clear_preempt_need_resched(void) { raw_cpu_or_4(__preempt_count, PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED); } static __always_inline bool test_preempt_need_resched(void) { return !(raw_cpu_read_4(__preempt_count) & PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED); } /* * The various preempt_count add/sub methods */ static __always_inline void __preempt_count_add(int val) { raw_cpu_add_4(__preempt_count, val); } static __always_inline void __preempt_count_sub(int val) { raw_cpu_add_4(__preempt_count, -val); } /* * Because we keep PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED set when we do _not_ need to reschedule * a decrement which hits zero means we have no preempt_count and should * reschedule. */ static __always_inline bool __preempt_count_dec_and_test(void) { return GEN_UNARY_RMWcc("decl", __preempt_count, e, __percpu_arg([var])); } /* * Returns true when we need to resched and can (barring IRQ state). */ static __always_inline bool should_resched(int preempt_offset) { return unlikely(raw_cpu_read_4(__preempt_count) == preempt_offset); } #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPTION extern asmlinkage void preempt_schedule_thunk(void); # define __preempt_schedule() \ asm volatile ("call preempt_schedule_thunk" : ASM_CALL_CONSTRAINT) extern asmlinkage void preempt_schedule(void); extern asmlinkage void preempt_schedule_notrace_thunk(void); # define __preempt_schedule_notrace() \ asm volatile ("call preempt_schedule_notrace_thunk" : ASM_CALL_CONSTRAINT) extern asmlinkage void preempt_schedule_notrace(void); #endif #endif /* __ASM_PREEMPT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Connection state tracking for netfilter. This is separated from, * but required by, the (future) NAT layer; it can also be used by an iptables * extension. * * 16 Dec 2003: Yasuyuki Kozakai @USAGI <yasuyuki.kozakai@toshiba.co.jp> * - generalize L3 protocol dependent part. * * Derived from include/linux/netfiter_ipv4/ip_conntrack.h */ #ifndef _NF_CONNTRACK_H #define _NF_CONNTRACK_H #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_common.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_tcp.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_dccp.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_sctp.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_proto_gre.h> #include <net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_tuple.h> struct nf_ct_udp { unsigned long stream_ts; }; /* per conntrack: protocol private data */ union nf_conntrack_proto { /* insert conntrack proto private data here */ struct nf_ct_dccp dccp; struct ip_ct_sctp sctp; struct ip_ct_tcp tcp; struct nf_ct_udp udp; struct nf_ct_gre gre; unsigned int tmpl_padto; }; union nf_conntrack_expect_proto { /* insert expect proto private data here */ }; struct nf_conntrack_net { unsigned int users4; unsigned int users6; unsigned int users_bridge; }; #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <net/netfilter/ipv4/nf_conntrack_ipv4.h> #include <net/netfilter/ipv6/nf_conntrack_ipv6.h> struct nf_conn { /* Usage count in here is 1 for hash table, 1 per skb, * plus 1 for any connection(s) we are `master' for * * Hint, SKB address this struct and refcnt via skb->_nfct and * helpers nf_conntrack_get() and nf_conntrack_put(). * Helper nf_ct_put() equals nf_conntrack_put() by dec refcnt, * beware nf_ct_get() is different and don't inc refcnt. */ struct nf_conntrack ct_general; spinlock_t lock; /* jiffies32 when this ct is considered dead */ u32 timeout; #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES struct nf_conntrack_zone zone; #endif /* XXX should I move this to the tail ? - Y.K */ /* These are my tuples; original and reply */ struct nf_conntrack_tuple_hash tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_MAX]; /* Have we seen traffic both ways yet? (bitset) */ unsigned long status; u16 cpu; possible_net_t ct_net; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_NAT) struct hlist_node nat_bysource; #endif /* all members below initialized via memset */ struct { } __nfct_init_offset; /* If we were expected by an expectation, this will be it */ struct nf_conn *master; #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MARK) u_int32_t mark; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_SECMARK u_int32_t secmark; #endif /* Extensions */ struct nf_ct_ext *ext; /* Storage reserved for other modules, must be the last member */ union nf_conntrack_proto proto; }; static inline struct nf_conn * nf_ct_tuplehash_to_ctrack(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple_hash *hash) { return container_of(hash, struct nf_conn, tuplehash[hash->tuple.dst.dir]); } static inline u_int16_t nf_ct_l3num(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_ORIGINAL].tuple.src.l3num; } static inline u_int8_t nf_ct_protonum(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_ORIGINAL].tuple.dst.protonum; } #define nf_ct_tuple(ct, dir) (&(ct)->tuplehash[dir].tuple) /* get master conntrack via master expectation */ #define master_ct(conntr) (conntr->master) extern struct net init_net; static inline struct net *nf_ct_net(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return read_pnet(&ct->ct_net); } /* Alter reply tuple (maybe alter helper). */ void nf_conntrack_alter_reply(struct nf_conn *ct, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *newreply); /* Is this tuple taken? (ignoring any belonging to the given conntrack). */ int nf_conntrack_tuple_taken(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *tuple, const struct nf_conn *ignored_conntrack); /* Return conntrack_info and tuple hash for given skb. */ static inline struct nf_conn * nf_ct_get(const struct sk_buff *skb, enum ip_conntrack_info *ctinfo) { unsigned long nfct = skb_get_nfct(skb); *ctinfo = nfct & NFCT_INFOMASK; return (struct nf_conn *)(nfct & NFCT_PTRMASK); } /* decrement reference count on a conntrack */ static inline void nf_ct_put(struct nf_conn *ct) { WARN_ON(!ct); nf_conntrack_put(&ct->ct_general); } /* Protocol module loading */ int nf_ct_l3proto_try_module_get(unsigned short l3proto); void nf_ct_l3proto_module_put(unsigned short l3proto); /* load module; enable/disable conntrack in this namespace */ int nf_ct_netns_get(struct net *net, u8 nfproto); void nf_ct_netns_put(struct net *net, u8 nfproto); /* * Allocate a hashtable of hlist_head (if nulls == 0), * or hlist_nulls_head (if nulls == 1) */ void *nf_ct_alloc_hashtable(unsigned int *sizep, int nulls); int nf_conntrack_hash_check_insert(struct nf_conn *ct); bool nf_ct_delete(struct nf_conn *ct, u32 pid, int report); bool nf_ct_get_tuplepr(const struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int nhoff, u_int16_t l3num, struct net *net, struct nf_conntrack_tuple *tuple); void __nf_ct_refresh_acct(struct nf_conn *ct, enum ip_conntrack_info ctinfo, const struct sk_buff *skb, u32 extra_jiffies, bool do_acct); /* Refresh conntrack for this many jiffies and do accounting */ static inline void nf_ct_refresh_acct(struct nf_conn *ct, enum ip_conntrack_info ctinfo, const struct sk_buff *skb, u32 extra_jiffies) { __nf_ct_refresh_acct(ct, ctinfo, skb, extra_jiffies, true); } /* Refresh conntrack for this many jiffies */ static inline void nf_ct_refresh(struct nf_conn *ct, const struct sk_buff *skb, u32 extra_jiffies) { __nf_ct_refresh_acct(ct, 0, skb, extra_jiffies, false); } /* kill conntrack and do accounting */ bool nf_ct_kill_acct(struct nf_conn *ct, enum ip_conntrack_info ctinfo, const struct sk_buff *skb); /* kill conntrack without accounting */ static inline bool nf_ct_kill(struct nf_conn *ct) { return nf_ct_delete(ct, 0, 0); } /* Set all unconfirmed conntrack as dying */ void nf_ct_unconfirmed_destroy(struct net *); /* Iterate over all conntracks: if iter returns true, it's deleted. */ void nf_ct_iterate_cleanup_net(struct net *net, int (*iter)(struct nf_conn *i, void *data), void *data, u32 portid, int report); /* also set unconfirmed conntracks as dying. Only use in module exit path. */ void nf_ct_iterate_destroy(int (*iter)(struct nf_conn *i, void *data), void *data); struct nf_conntrack_zone; void nf_conntrack_free(struct nf_conn *ct); struct nf_conn *nf_conntrack_alloc(struct net *net, const struct nf_conntrack_zone *zone, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *orig, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *repl, gfp_t gfp); static inline int nf_ct_is_template(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return test_bit(IPS_TEMPLATE_BIT, &ct->status); } /* It's confirmed if it is, or has been in the hash table. */ static inline int nf_ct_is_confirmed(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return test_bit(IPS_CONFIRMED_BIT, &ct->status); } static inline int nf_ct_is_dying(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return test_bit(IPS_DYING_BIT, &ct->status); } /* Packet is received from loopback */ static inline bool nf_is_loopback_packet(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->dev && skb->skb_iif && skb->dev->flags & IFF_LOOPBACK; } #define nfct_time_stamp ((u32)(jiffies)) /* jiffies until ct expires, 0 if already expired */ static inline unsigned long nf_ct_expires(const struct nf_conn *ct) { s32 timeout = READ_ONCE(ct->timeout) - nfct_time_stamp; return timeout > 0 ? timeout : 0; } static inline bool nf_ct_is_expired(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return (__s32)(READ_ONCE(ct->timeout) - nfct_time_stamp) <= 0; } /* use after obtaining a reference count */ static inline bool nf_ct_should_gc(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return nf_ct_is_expired(ct) && nf_ct_is_confirmed(ct) && !nf_ct_is_dying(ct); } #define NF_CT_DAY (86400 * HZ) /* Set an arbitrary timeout large enough not to ever expire, this save * us a check for the IPS_OFFLOAD_BIT from the packet path via * nf_ct_is_expired(). */ static inline void nf_ct_offload_timeout(struct nf_conn *ct) { if (nf_ct_expires(ct) < NF_CT_DAY / 2) WRITE_ONCE(ct->timeout, nfct_time_stamp + NF_CT_DAY); } struct kernel_param; int nf_conntrack_set_hashsize(const char *val, const struct kernel_param *kp); int nf_conntrack_hash_resize(unsigned int hashsize); extern struct hlist_nulls_head *nf_conntrack_hash; extern unsigned int nf_conntrack_htable_size; extern seqcount_spinlock_t nf_conntrack_generation; extern unsigned int nf_conntrack_max; /* must be called with rcu read lock held */ static inline void nf_conntrack_get_ht(struct hlist_nulls_head **hash, unsigned int *hsize) { struct hlist_nulls_head *hptr; unsigned int sequence, hsz; do { sequence = read_seqcount_begin(&nf_conntrack_generation); hsz = nf_conntrack_htable_size; hptr = nf_conntrack_hash; } while (read_seqcount_retry(&nf_conntrack_generation, sequence)); *hash = hptr; *hsize = hsz; } struct nf_conn *nf_ct_tmpl_alloc(struct net *net, const struct nf_conntrack_zone *zone, gfp_t flags); void nf_ct_tmpl_free(struct nf_conn *tmpl); u32 nf_ct_get_id(const struct nf_conn *ct); static inline void nf_ct_set(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nf_conn *ct, enum ip_conntrack_info info) { skb_set_nfct(skb, (unsigned long)ct | info); } #define NF_CT_STAT_INC(net, count) __this_cpu_inc((net)->ct.stat->count) #define NF_CT_STAT_INC_ATOMIC(net, count) this_cpu_inc((net)->ct.stat->count) #define NF_CT_STAT_ADD_ATOMIC(net, count, v) this_cpu_add((net)->ct.stat->count, (v)) #define MODULE_ALIAS_NFCT_HELPER(helper) \ MODULE_ALIAS("nfct-helper-" helper) #endif /* _NF_CONNTRACK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_TASK_H #define _LINUX_SCHED_TASK_H /* * Interface between the scheduler and various task lifetime (fork()/exit()) * functionality: */ #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> struct task_struct; struct rusage; union thread_union; struct css_set; /* All the bits taken by the old clone syscall. */ #define CLONE_LEGACY_FLAGS 0xffffffffULL struct kernel_clone_args { u64 flags; int __user *pidfd; int __user *child_tid; int __user *parent_tid; int exit_signal; unsigned long stack; unsigned long stack_size; unsigned long tls; pid_t *set_tid; /* Number of elements in *set_tid */ size_t set_tid_size; int cgroup; struct cgroup *cgrp; struct css_set *cset; }; /* * This serializes "schedule()" and also protects * the run-queue from deletions/modifications (but * _adding_ to the beginning of the run-queue has * a separate lock). */ extern rwlock_t tasklist_lock; extern spinlock_t mmlist_lock; extern union thread_union init_thread_union; extern struct task_struct init_task; #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU extern int lockdep_tasklist_lock_is_held(void); #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU */ extern asmlinkage void schedule_tail(struct task_struct *prev); extern void init_idle(struct task_struct *idle, int cpu); extern int sched_fork(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *p); extern void sched_post_fork(struct task_struct *p, struct kernel_clone_args *kargs); extern void sched_dead(struct task_struct *p); void __noreturn do_task_dead(void); extern void proc_caches_init(void); extern void fork_init(void); extern void release_task(struct task_struct * p); extern int copy_thread(unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, struct task_struct *, unsigned long); extern void flush_thread(void); #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_EXIT_THREAD extern void exit_thread(struct task_struct *tsk); #else static inline void exit_thread(struct task_struct *tsk) { } #endif extern void do_group_exit(int); extern void exit_files(struct task_struct *); extern void exit_itimers(struct signal_struct *); extern pid_t kernel_clone(struct kernel_clone_args *kargs); struct task_struct *fork_idle(int); struct mm_struct *copy_init_mm(void); extern pid_t kernel_thread(int (*fn)(void *), void *arg, unsigned long flags); extern long kernel_wait4(pid_t, int __user *, int, struct rusage *); int kernel_wait(pid_t pid, int *stat); extern void free_task(struct task_struct *tsk); /* sched_exec is called by processes performing an exec */ #ifdef CONFIG_SMP extern void sched_exec(void); #else #define sched_exec() {} #endif static inline struct task_struct *get_task_struct(struct task_struct *t) { refcount_inc(&t->usage); return t; } extern void __put_task_struct(struct task_struct *t); static inline void put_task_struct(struct task_struct *t) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&t->usage)) __put_task_struct(t); } static inline void put_task_struct_many(struct task_struct *t, int nr) { if (refcount_sub_and_test(nr, &t->usage)) __put_task_struct(t); } void put_task_struct_rcu_user(struct task_struct *task); #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WANTS_DYNAMIC_TASK_STRUCT extern int arch_task_struct_size __read_mostly; #else # define arch_task_struct_size (sizeof(struct task_struct)) #endif #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_THREAD_STRUCT_WHITELIST /* * If an architecture has not declared a thread_struct whitelist we * must assume something there may need to be copied to userspace. */ static inline void arch_thread_struct_whitelist(unsigned long *offset, unsigned long *size) { *offset = 0; /* Handle dynamically sized thread_struct. */ *size = arch_task_struct_size - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK static inline struct vm_struct *task_stack_vm_area(const struct task_struct *t) { return t->stack_vm_area; } #else static inline struct vm_struct *task_stack_vm_area(const struct task_struct *t) { return NULL; } #endif /* * Protects ->fs, ->files, ->mm, ->group_info, ->comm, keyring * subscriptions and synchronises with wait4(). Also used in procfs. Also * pins the final release of task.io_context. Also protects ->cpuset and * ->cgroup.subsys[]. And ->vfork_done. And ->sysvshm.shm_clist. * * Nests both inside and outside of read_lock(&tasklist_lock). * It must not be nested with write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock), * neither inside nor outside. */ static inline void task_lock(struct task_struct *p) { spin_lock(&p->alloc_lock); } static inline void task_unlock(struct task_struct *p) { spin_unlock(&p->alloc_lock); } #endif /* _LINUX_SCHED_TASK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_MM_H #define _LINUX_SCHED_MM_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/sync_core.h> /* * Routines for handling mm_structs */ extern struct mm_struct *mm_alloc(void); /** * mmgrab() - Pin a &struct mm_struct. * @mm: The &struct mm_struct to pin. * * Make sure that @mm will not get freed even after the owning task * exits. This doesn't guarantee that the associated address space * will still exist later on and mmget_not_zero() has to be used before * accessing it. * * This is a preferred way to pin @mm for a longer/unbounded amount * of time. * * Use mmdrop() to release the reference acquired by mmgrab(). * * See also <Documentation/vm/active_mm.rst> for an in-depth explanation * of &mm_struct.mm_count vs &mm_struct.mm_users. */ static inline void mmgrab(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_inc(&mm->mm_count); } extern void __mmdrop(struct mm_struct *mm); static inline void mmdrop(struct mm_struct *mm) { /* * The implicit full barrier implied by atomic_dec_and_test() is * required by the membarrier system call before returning to * user-space, after storing to rq->curr. */ if (unlikely(atomic_dec_and_test(&mm->mm_count))) __mmdrop(mm); } /** * mmget() - Pin the address space associated with a &struct mm_struct. * @mm: The address space to pin. * * Make sure that the address space of the given &struct mm_struct doesn't * go away. This does not protect against parts of the address space being * modified or freed, however. * * Never use this function to pin this address space for an * unbounded/indefinite amount of time. * * Use mmput() to release the reference acquired by mmget(). * * See also <Documentation/vm/active_mm.rst> for an in-depth explanation * of &mm_struct.mm_count vs &mm_struct.mm_users. */ static inline void mmget(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_inc(&mm->mm_users); } static inline bool mmget_not_zero(struct mm_struct *mm) { return atomic_inc_not_zero(&mm->mm_users); } /* mmput gets rid of the mappings and all user-space */ extern void mmput(struct mm_struct *); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU /* same as above but performs the slow path from the async context. Can * be called from the atomic context as well */ void mmput_async(struct mm_struct *); #endif /* Grab a reference to a task's mm, if it is not already going away */ extern struct mm_struct *get_task_mm(struct task_struct *task); /* * Grab a reference to a task's mm, if it is not already going away * and ptrace_may_access with the mode parameter passed to it * succeeds. */ extern struct mm_struct *mm_access(struct task_struct *task, unsigned int mode); /* Remove the current tasks stale references to the old mm_struct on exit() */ extern void exit_mm_release(struct task_struct *, struct mm_struct *); /* Remove the current tasks stale references to the old mm_struct on exec() */ extern void exec_mm_release(struct task_struct *, struct mm_struct *); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG extern void mm_update_next_owner(struct mm_struct *mm); #else static inline void mm_update_next_owner(struct mm_struct *mm) { } #endif /* CONFIG_MEMCG */ #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern void arch_pick_mmap_layout(struct mm_struct *mm, struct rlimit *rlim_stack); extern unsigned long arch_get_unmapped_area(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern unsigned long arch_get_unmapped_area_topdown(struct file *filp, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long flags); #else static inline void arch_pick_mmap_layout(struct mm_struct *mm, struct rlimit *rlim_stack) {} #endif static inline bool in_vfork(struct task_struct *tsk) { bool ret; /* * need RCU to access ->real_parent if CLONE_VM was used along with * CLONE_PARENT. * * We check real_parent->mm == tsk->mm because CLONE_VFORK does not * imply CLONE_VM * * CLONE_VFORK can be used with CLONE_PARENT/CLONE_THREAD and thus * ->real_parent is not necessarily the task doing vfork(), so in * theory we can't rely on task_lock() if we want to dereference it. * * And in this case we can't trust the real_parent->mm == tsk->mm * check, it can be false negative. But we do not care, if init or * another oom-unkillable task does this it should blame itself. */ rcu_read_lock(); ret = tsk->vfork_done && rcu_dereference(tsk->real_parent)->mm == tsk->mm; rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } /* * Applies per-task gfp context to the given allocation flags. * PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO implies GFP_NOIO * PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS implies GFP_NOFS */ static inline gfp_t current_gfp_context(gfp_t flags) { unsigned int pflags = READ_ONCE(current->flags); if (unlikely(pflags & (PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO | PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS))) { /* * NOIO implies both NOIO and NOFS and it is a weaker context * so always make sure it makes precedence */ if (pflags & PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO) flags &= ~(__GFP_IO | __GFP_FS); else if (pflags & PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS) flags &= ~__GFP_FS; } return flags; } #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP extern void __fs_reclaim_acquire(void); extern void __fs_reclaim_release(void); extern void fs_reclaim_acquire(gfp_t gfp_mask); extern void fs_reclaim_release(gfp_t gfp_mask); #else static inline void __fs_reclaim_acquire(void) { } static inline void __fs_reclaim_release(void) { } static inline void fs_reclaim_acquire(gfp_t gfp_mask) { } static inline void fs_reclaim_release(gfp_t gfp_mask) { } #endif /** * memalloc_noio_save - Marks implicit GFP_NOIO allocation scope. * * This functions marks the beginning of the GFP_NOIO allocation scope. * All further allocations will implicitly drop __GFP_IO flag and so * they are safe for the IO critical section from the allocation recursion * point of view. Use memalloc_noio_restore to end the scope with flags * returned by this function. * * This function is safe to be used from any context. */ static inline unsigned int memalloc_noio_save(void) { unsigned int flags = current->flags & PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO; current->flags |= PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO; return flags; } /** * memalloc_noio_restore - Ends the implicit GFP_NOIO scope. * @flags: Flags to restore. * * Ends the implicit GFP_NOIO scope started by memalloc_noio_save function. * Always make sure that the given flags is the return value from the * pairing memalloc_noio_save call. */ static inline void memalloc_noio_restore(unsigned int flags) { current->flags = (current->flags & ~PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO) | flags; } /** * memalloc_nofs_save - Marks implicit GFP_NOFS allocation scope. * * This functions marks the beginning of the GFP_NOFS allocation scope. * All further allocations will implicitly drop __GFP_FS flag and so * they are safe for the FS critical section from the allocation recursion * point of view. Use memalloc_nofs_restore to end the scope with flags * returned by this function. * * This function is safe to be used from any context. */ static inline unsigned int memalloc_nofs_save(void) { unsigned int flags = current->flags & PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS; current->flags |= PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS; return flags; } /** * memalloc_nofs_restore - Ends the implicit GFP_NOFS scope. * @flags: Flags to restore. * * Ends the implicit GFP_NOFS scope started by memalloc_nofs_save function. * Always make sure that the given flags is the return value from the * pairing memalloc_nofs_save call. */ static inline void memalloc_nofs_restore(unsigned int flags) { current->flags = (current->flags & ~PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS) | flags; } static inline unsigned int memalloc_noreclaim_save(void) { unsigned int flags = current->flags & PF_MEMALLOC; current->flags |= PF_MEMALLOC; return flags; } static inline void memalloc_noreclaim_restore(unsigned int flags) { current->flags = (current->flags & ~PF_MEMALLOC) | flags; } #ifdef CONFIG_CMA static inline unsigned int memalloc_nocma_save(void) { unsigned int flags = current->flags & PF_MEMALLOC_NOCMA; current->flags |= PF_MEMALLOC_NOCMA; return flags; } static inline void memalloc_nocma_restore(unsigned int flags) { current->flags = (current->flags & ~PF_MEMALLOC_NOCMA) | flags; } #else static inline unsigned int memalloc_nocma_save(void) { return 0; } static inline void memalloc_nocma_restore(unsigned int flags) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct mem_cgroup *, int_active_memcg); /** * set_active_memcg - Starts the remote memcg charging scope. * @memcg: memcg to charge. * * This function marks the beginning of the remote memcg charging scope. All the * __GFP_ACCOUNT allocations till the end of the scope will be charged to the * given memcg. * * NOTE: This function can nest. Users must save the return value and * reset the previous value after their own charging scope is over. */ static inline struct mem_cgroup * set_active_memcg(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { struct mem_cgroup *old; if (in_interrupt()) { old = this_cpu_read(int_active_memcg); this_cpu_write(int_active_memcg, memcg); } else { old = current->active_memcg; current->active_memcg = memcg; } return old; } #else static inline struct mem_cgroup * set_active_memcg(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { return NULL; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMBARRIER enum { MEMBARRIER_STATE_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED_READY = (1U << 0), MEMBARRIER_STATE_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED = (1U << 1), MEMBARRIER_STATE_GLOBAL_EXPEDITED_READY = (1U << 2), MEMBARRIER_STATE_GLOBAL_EXPEDITED = (1U << 3), MEMBARRIER_STATE_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED_SYNC_CORE_READY = (1U << 4), MEMBARRIER_STATE_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED_SYNC_CORE = (1U << 5), MEMBARRIER_STATE_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED_RSEQ_READY = (1U << 6), MEMBARRIER_STATE_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED_RSEQ = (1U << 7), }; enum { MEMBARRIER_FLAG_SYNC_CORE = (1U << 0), MEMBARRIER_FLAG_RSEQ = (1U << 1), }; #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_MEMBARRIER_CALLBACKS #include <asm/membarrier.h> #endif static inline void membarrier_mm_sync_core_before_usermode(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (current->mm != mm) return; if (likely(!(atomic_read(&mm->membarrier_state) & MEMBARRIER_STATE_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED_SYNC_CORE))) return; sync_core_before_usermode(); } extern void membarrier_exec_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm); #else #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_MEMBARRIER_CALLBACKS static inline void membarrier_arch_switch_mm(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next, struct task_struct *tsk) { } #endif static inline void membarrier_exec_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm) { } static inline void membarrier_mm_sync_core_before_usermode(struct mm_struct *mm) { } #endif #endif /* _LINUX_SCHED_MM_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Copyright 1997-1998 Transmeta Corporation - All Rights Reserved * Copyright 2005-2006 Ian Kent <raven@themaw.net> */ /* Internal header file for autofs */ #include <linux/auto_fs.h> #include <linux/auto_dev-ioctl.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/namei.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/completion.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/magic.h> /* This is the range of ioctl() numbers we claim as ours */ #define AUTOFS_IOC_FIRST AUTOFS_IOC_READY #define AUTOFS_IOC_COUNT 32 #define AUTOFS_DEV_IOCTL_IOC_FIRST (AUTOFS_DEV_IOCTL_VERSION) #define AUTOFS_DEV_IOCTL_IOC_COUNT \ (AUTOFS_DEV_IOCTL_ISMOUNTPOINT_CMD - AUTOFS_DEV_IOCTL_VERSION_CMD) #ifdef pr_fmt #undef pr_fmt #endif #define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ":pid:%d:%s: " fmt, current->pid, __func__ extern struct file_system_type autofs_fs_type; /* * Unified info structure. This is pointed to by both the dentry and * inode structures. Each file in the filesystem has an instance of this * structure. It holds a reference to the dentry, so dentries are never * flushed while the file exists. All name lookups are dealt with at the * dentry level, although the filesystem can interfere in the validation * process. Readdir is implemented by traversing the dentry lists. */ struct autofs_info { struct dentry *dentry; struct inode *inode; int flags; struct completion expire_complete; struct list_head active; struct list_head expiring; struct autofs_sb_info *sbi; unsigned long last_used; int count; kuid_t uid; kgid_t gid; struct rcu_head rcu; }; #define AUTOFS_INF_EXPIRING (1<<0) /* dentry in the process of expiring */ #define AUTOFS_INF_WANT_EXPIRE (1<<1) /* the dentry is being considered * for expiry, so RCU_walk is * not permitted. If it progresses to * actual expiry attempt, the flag is * not cleared when EXPIRING is set - * in that case it gets cleared only * when it comes to clearing EXPIRING. */ #define AUTOFS_INF_PENDING (1<<2) /* dentry pending mount */ struct autofs_wait_queue { wait_queue_head_t queue; struct autofs_wait_queue *next; autofs_wqt_t wait_queue_token; /* We use the following to see what we are waiting for */ struct qstr name; u32 dev; u64 ino; kuid_t uid; kgid_t gid; pid_t pid; pid_t tgid; /* This is for status reporting upon return */ int status; unsigned int wait_ctr; }; #define AUTOFS_SBI_MAGIC 0x6d4a556d #define AUTOFS_SBI_CATATONIC 0x0001 #define AUTOFS_SBI_STRICTEXPIRE 0x0002 #define AUTOFS_SBI_IGNORE 0x0004 struct autofs_sb_info { u32 magic; int pipefd; struct file *pipe; struct pid *oz_pgrp; int version; int sub_version; int min_proto; int max_proto; unsigned int flags; unsigned long exp_timeout; unsigned int type; struct super_block *sb; struct mutex wq_mutex; struct mutex pipe_mutex; spinlock_t fs_lock; struct autofs_wait_queue *queues; /* Wait queue pointer */ spinlock_t lookup_lock; struct list_head active_list; struct list_head expiring_list; struct rcu_head rcu; }; static inline struct autofs_sb_info *autofs_sbi(struct super_block *sb) { return (struct autofs_sb_info *)(sb->s_fs_info); } static inline struct autofs_info *autofs_dentry_ino(struct dentry *dentry) { return (struct autofs_info *)(dentry->d_fsdata); } /* autofs_oz_mode(): do we see the man behind the curtain? (The * processes which do manipulations for us in user space sees the raw * filesystem without "magic".) */ static inline int autofs_oz_mode(struct autofs_sb_info *sbi) { return ((sbi->flags & AUTOFS_SBI_CATATONIC) || task_pgrp(current) == sbi->oz_pgrp); } struct inode *autofs_get_inode(struct super_block *, umode_t); void autofs_free_ino(struct autofs_info *); /* Expiration */ int is_autofs_dentry(struct dentry *); int autofs_expire_wait(const struct path *path, int rcu_walk); int autofs_expire_run(struct super_block *, struct vfsmount *, struct autofs_sb_info *, struct autofs_packet_expire __user *); int autofs_do_expire_multi(struct super_block *sb, struct vfsmount *mnt, struct autofs_sb_info *sbi, unsigned int how); int autofs_expire_multi(struct super_block *, struct vfsmount *, struct autofs_sb_info *, int __user *); /* Device node initialization */ int autofs_dev_ioctl_init(void); void autofs_dev_ioctl_exit(void); /* Operations structures */ extern const struct inode_operations autofs_symlink_inode_operations; extern const struct inode_operations autofs_dir_inode_operations; extern const struct file_operations autofs_dir_operations; extern const struct file_operations autofs_root_operations; extern const struct dentry_operations autofs_dentry_operations; /* VFS automount flags management functions */ static inline void __managed_dentry_set_managed(struct dentry *dentry) { dentry->d_flags |= (DCACHE_NEED_AUTOMOUNT|DCACHE_MANAGE_TRANSIT); } static inline void managed_dentry_set_managed(struct dentry *dentry) { spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); __managed_dentry_set_managed(dentry); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); } static inline void __managed_dentry_clear_managed(struct dentry *dentry) { dentry->d_flags &= ~(DCACHE_NEED_AUTOMOUNT|DCACHE_MANAGE_TRANSIT); } static inline void managed_dentry_clear_managed(struct dentry *dentry) { spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); __managed_dentry_clear_managed(dentry); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); } /* Initializing function */ int autofs_fill_super(struct super_block *, void *, int); struct autofs_info *autofs_new_ino(struct autofs_sb_info *); void autofs_clean_ino(struct autofs_info *); static inline int autofs_prepare_pipe(struct file *pipe) { if (!(pipe->f_mode & FMODE_CAN_WRITE)) return -EINVAL; if (!S_ISFIFO(file_inode(pipe)->i_mode)) return -EINVAL; /* We want a packet pipe */ pipe->f_flags |= O_DIRECT; /* We don't expect -EAGAIN */ pipe->f_flags &= ~O_NONBLOCK; return 0; } /* Queue management functions */ int autofs_wait(struct autofs_sb_info *, const struct path *, enum autofs_notify); int autofs_wait_release(struct autofs_sb_info *, autofs_wqt_t, int); void autofs_catatonic_mode(struct autofs_sb_info *); static inline u32 autofs_get_dev(struct autofs_sb_info *sbi) { return new_encode_dev(sbi->sb->s_dev); } static inline u64 autofs_get_ino(struct autofs_sb_info *sbi) { return d_inode(sbi->sb->s_root)->i_ino; } static inline void __autofs_add_expiring(struct dentry *dentry) { struct autofs_sb_info *sbi = autofs_sbi(dentry->d_sb); struct autofs_info *ino = autofs_dentry_ino(dentry); if (ino) { if (list_empty(&ino->expiring)) list_add(&ino->expiring, &sbi->expiring_list); } } static inline void autofs_add_expiring(struct dentry *dentry) { struct autofs_sb_info *sbi = autofs_sbi(dentry->d_sb); struct autofs_info *ino = autofs_dentry_ino(dentry); if (ino) { spin_lock(&sbi->lookup_lock); if (list_empty(&ino->expiring)) list_add(&ino->expiring, &sbi->expiring_list); spin_unlock(&sbi->lookup_lock); } } static inline void autofs_del_expiring(struct dentry *dentry) { struct autofs_sb_info *sbi = autofs_sbi(dentry->d_sb); struct autofs_info *ino = autofs_dentry_ino(dentry); if (ino) { spin_lock(&sbi->lookup_lock); if (!list_empty(&ino->expiring)) list_del_init(&ino->expiring); spin_unlock(&sbi->lookup_lock); } } void autofs_kill_sb(struct super_block *);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * Copyright 2002-2005, Devicescape Software, Inc. * Copyright 2013-2014 Intel Mobile Communications GmbH * Copyright(c) 2015-2017 Intel Deutschland GmbH * Copyright(c) 2020-2021 Intel Corporation */ #ifndef STA_INFO_H #define STA_INFO_H #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/if_ether.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/average.h> #include <linux/bitfield.h> #include <linux/etherdevice.h> #include <linux/rhashtable.h> #include <linux/u64_stats_sync.h> #include "key.h" /** * enum ieee80211_sta_info_flags - Stations flags * * These flags are used with &struct sta_info's @flags member, but * only indirectly with set_sta_flag() and friends. * * @WLAN_STA_AUTH: Station is authenticated. * @WLAN_STA_ASSOC: Station is associated. * @WLAN_STA_PS_STA: Station is in power-save mode * @WLAN_STA_AUTHORIZED: Station is authorized to send/receive traffic. * This bit is always checked so needs to be enabled for all stations * when virtual port control is not in use. * @WLAN_STA_SHORT_PREAMBLE: Station is capable of receiving short-preamble * frames. * @WLAN_STA_WDS: Station is one of our WDS peers. * @WLAN_STA_CLEAR_PS_FILT: Clear PS filter in hardware (using the * IEEE80211_TX_CTL_CLEAR_PS_FILT control flag) when the next * frame to this station is transmitted. * @WLAN_STA_MFP: Management frame protection is used with this STA. * @WLAN_STA_BLOCK_BA: Used to deny ADDBA requests (both TX and RX) * during suspend/resume and station removal. * @WLAN_STA_PS_DRIVER: driver requires keeping this station in * power-save mode logically to flush frames that might still * be in the queues * @WLAN_STA_PSPOLL: Station sent PS-poll while driver was keeping * station in power-save mode, reply when the driver unblocks. * @WLAN_STA_TDLS_PEER: Station is a TDLS peer. * @WLAN_STA_TDLS_PEER_AUTH: This TDLS peer is authorized to send direct * packets. This means the link is enabled. * @WLAN_STA_TDLS_INITIATOR: We are the initiator of the TDLS link with this * station. * @WLAN_STA_TDLS_CHAN_SWITCH: This TDLS peer supports TDLS channel-switching * @WLAN_STA_TDLS_OFF_CHANNEL: The local STA is currently off-channel with this * TDLS peer * @WLAN_STA_TDLS_WIDER_BW: This TDLS peer supports working on a wider bw on * the BSS base channel. * @WLAN_STA_UAPSD: Station requested unscheduled SP while driver was * keeping station in power-save mode, reply when the driver * unblocks the station. * @WLAN_STA_SP: Station is in a service period, so don't try to * reply to other uAPSD trigger frames or PS-Poll. * @WLAN_STA_4ADDR_EVENT: 4-addr event was already sent for this frame. * @WLAN_STA_INSERTED: This station is inserted into the hash table. * @WLAN_STA_RATE_CONTROL: rate control was initialized for this station. * @WLAN_STA_TOFFSET_KNOWN: toffset calculated for this station is valid. * @WLAN_STA_MPSP_OWNER: local STA is owner of a mesh Peer Service Period. * @WLAN_STA_MPSP_RECIPIENT: local STA is recipient of a MPSP. * @WLAN_STA_PS_DELIVER: station woke up, but we're still blocking TX * until pending frames are delivered * @WLAN_STA_USES_ENCRYPTION: This station was configured for encryption, * so drop all packets without a key later. * * @NUM_WLAN_STA_FLAGS: number of defined flags */ enum ieee80211_sta_info_flags { WLAN_STA_AUTH, WLAN_STA_ASSOC, WLAN_STA_PS_STA, WLAN_STA_AUTHORIZED, WLAN_STA_SHORT_PREAMBLE, WLAN_STA_WDS, WLAN_STA_CLEAR_PS_FILT, WLAN_STA_MFP, WLAN_STA_BLOCK_BA, WLAN_STA_PS_DRIVER, WLAN_STA_PSPOLL, WLAN_STA_TDLS_PEER, WLAN_STA_TDLS_PEER_AUTH, WLAN_STA_TDLS_INITIATOR, WLAN_STA_TDLS_CHAN_SWITCH, WLAN_STA_TDLS_OFF_CHANNEL, WLAN_STA_TDLS_WIDER_BW, WLAN_STA_UAPSD, WLAN_STA_SP, WLAN_STA_4ADDR_EVENT, WLAN_STA_INSERTED, WLAN_STA_RATE_CONTROL, WLAN_STA_TOFFSET_KNOWN, WLAN_STA_MPSP_OWNER, WLAN_STA_MPSP_RECIPIENT, WLAN_STA_PS_DELIVER, WLAN_STA_USES_ENCRYPTION, NUM_WLAN_STA_FLAGS, }; #define ADDBA_RESP_INTERVAL HZ #define HT_AGG_MAX_RETRIES 15 #define HT_AGG_BURST_RETRIES 3 #define HT_AGG_RETRIES_PERIOD (15 * HZ) #define HT_AGG_STATE_DRV_READY 0 #define HT_AGG_STATE_RESPONSE_RECEIVED 1 #define HT_AGG_STATE_OPERATIONAL 2 #define HT_AGG_STATE_STOPPING 3 #define HT_AGG_STATE_WANT_START 4 #define HT_AGG_STATE_WANT_STOP 5 #define HT_AGG_STATE_START_CB 6 #define HT_AGG_STATE_STOP_CB 7 #define HT_AGG_STATE_SENT_ADDBA 8 DECLARE_EWMA(avg_signal, 10, 8) enum ieee80211_agg_stop_reason { AGG_STOP_DECLINED, AGG_STOP_LOCAL_REQUEST, AGG_STOP_PEER_REQUEST, AGG_STOP_DESTROY_STA, }; /* Debugfs flags to enable/disable use of RX/TX airtime in scheduler */ #define AIRTIME_USE_TX BIT(0) #define AIRTIME_USE_RX BIT(1) struct airtime_info { u64 rx_airtime; u64 tx_airtime; s64 deficit; atomic_t aql_tx_pending; /* Estimated airtime for frames pending */ u32 aql_limit_low; u32 aql_limit_high; }; void ieee80211_sta_update_pending_airtime(struct ieee80211_local *local, struct sta_info *sta, u8 ac, u16 tx_airtime, bool tx_completed); struct sta_info; /** * struct tid_ampdu_tx - TID aggregation information (Tx). * * @rcu_head: rcu head for freeing structure * @session_timer: check if we keep Tx-ing on the TID (by timeout value) * @addba_resp_timer: timer for peer's response to addba request * @pending: pending frames queue -- use sta's spinlock to protect * @sta: station we are attached to * @dialog_token: dialog token for aggregation session * @timeout: session timeout value to be filled in ADDBA requests * @tid: TID number * @state: session state (see above) * @last_tx: jiffies of last tx activity * @stop_initiator: initiator of a session stop * @tx_stop: TX DelBA frame when stopping * @buf_size: reorder buffer size at receiver * @failed_bar_ssn: ssn of the last failed BAR tx attempt * @bar_pending: BAR needs to be re-sent * @amsdu: support A-MSDU withing A-MDPU * * This structure's lifetime is managed by RCU, assignments to * the array holding it must hold the aggregation mutex. * * The TX path can access it under RCU lock-free if, and * only if, the state has the flag %HT_AGG_STATE_OPERATIONAL * set. Otherwise, the TX path must also acquire the spinlock * and re-check the state, see comments in the tx code * touching it. */ struct tid_ampdu_tx { struct rcu_head rcu_head; struct timer_list session_timer; struct timer_list addba_resp_timer; struct sk_buff_head pending; struct sta_info *sta; unsigned long state; unsigned long last_tx; u16 timeout; u8 dialog_token; u8 stop_initiator; bool tx_stop; u16 buf_size; u16 ssn; u16 failed_bar_ssn; bool bar_pending; bool amsdu; u8 tid; }; /** * struct tid_ampdu_rx - TID aggregation information (Rx). * * @reorder_buf: buffer to reorder incoming aggregated MPDUs. An MPDU may be an * A-MSDU with individually reported subframes. * @reorder_buf_filtered: bitmap indicating where there are filtered frames in * the reorder buffer that should be ignored when releasing frames * @reorder_time: jiffies when skb was added * @session_timer: check if peer keeps Tx-ing on the TID (by timeout value) * @reorder_timer: releases expired frames from the reorder buffer. * @sta: station we are attached to * @last_rx: jiffies of last rx activity * @head_seq_num: head sequence number in reordering buffer. * @stored_mpdu_num: number of MPDUs in reordering buffer * @ssn: Starting Sequence Number expected to be aggregated. * @buf_size: buffer size for incoming A-MPDUs * @timeout: reset timer value (in TUs). * @tid: TID number * @rcu_head: RCU head used for freeing this struct * @reorder_lock: serializes access to reorder buffer, see below. * @auto_seq: used for offloaded BA sessions to automatically pick head_seq_and * and ssn. * @removed: this session is removed (but might have been found due to RCU) * @started: this session has started (head ssn or higher was received) * * This structure's lifetime is managed by RCU, assignments to * the array holding it must hold the aggregation mutex. * * The @reorder_lock is used to protect the members of this * struct, except for @timeout, @buf_size and @dialog_token, * which are constant across the lifetime of the struct (the * dialog token being used only for debugging). */ struct tid_ampdu_rx { struct rcu_head rcu_head; spinlock_t reorder_lock; u64 reorder_buf_filtered; struct sk_buff_head *reorder_buf; unsigned long *reorder_time; struct sta_info *sta; struct timer_list session_timer; struct timer_list reorder_timer; unsigned long last_rx; u16 head_seq_num; u16 stored_mpdu_num; u16 ssn; u16 buf_size; u16 timeout; u8 tid; u8 auto_seq:1, removed:1, started:1; }; /** * struct sta_ampdu_mlme - STA aggregation information. * * @mtx: mutex to protect all TX data (except non-NULL assignments * to tid_tx[idx], which are protected by the sta spinlock) * tid_start_tx is also protected by sta->lock. * @tid_rx: aggregation info for Rx per TID -- RCU protected * @tid_rx_token: dialog tokens for valid aggregation sessions * @tid_rx_timer_expired: bitmap indicating on which TIDs the * RX timer expired until the work for it runs * @tid_rx_stop_requested: bitmap indicating which BA sessions per TID the * driver requested to close until the work for it runs * @tid_rx_manage_offl: bitmap indicating which BA sessions were requested * to be treated as started/stopped due to offloading * @agg_session_valid: bitmap indicating which TID has a rx BA session open on * @unexpected_agg: bitmap indicating which TID already sent a delBA due to * unexpected aggregation related frames outside a session * @work: work struct for starting/stopping aggregation * @tid_tx: aggregation info for Tx per TID * @tid_start_tx: sessions where start was requested * @last_addba_req_time: timestamp of the last addBA request. * @addba_req_num: number of times addBA request has been sent. * @dialog_token_allocator: dialog token enumerator for each new session; */ struct sta_ampdu_mlme { struct mutex mtx; /* rx */ struct tid_ampdu_rx __rcu *tid_rx[IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS]; u8 tid_rx_token[IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS]; unsigned long tid_rx_timer_expired[BITS_TO_LONGS(IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS)]; unsigned long tid_rx_stop_requested[BITS_TO_LONGS(IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS)]; unsigned long tid_rx_manage_offl[BITS_TO_LONGS(2 * IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS)]; unsigned long agg_session_valid[BITS_TO_LONGS(IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS)]; unsigned long unexpected_agg[BITS_TO_LONGS(IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS)]; /* tx */ struct work_struct work; struct tid_ampdu_tx __rcu *tid_tx[IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS]; struct tid_ampdu_tx *tid_start_tx[IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS]; unsigned long last_addba_req_time[IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS]; u8 addba_req_num[IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS]; u8 dialog_token_allocator; }; /* Value to indicate no TID reservation */ #define IEEE80211_TID_UNRESERVED 0xff #define IEEE80211_FAST_XMIT_MAX_IV 18 /** * struct ieee80211_fast_tx - TX fastpath information * @key: key to use for hw crypto * @hdr: the 802.11 header to put with the frame * @hdr_len: actual 802.11 header length * @sa_offs: offset of the SA * @da_offs: offset of the DA * @pn_offs: offset where to put PN for crypto (or 0 if not needed) * @band: band this will be transmitted on, for tx_info * @rcu_head: RCU head to free this struct * * This struct is small enough so that the common case (maximum crypto * header length of 8 like for CCMP/GCMP) fits into a single 64-byte * cache line. */ struct ieee80211_fast_tx { struct ieee80211_key *key; u8 hdr_len; u8 sa_offs, da_offs, pn_offs; u8 band; u8 hdr[30 + 2 + IEEE80211_FAST_XMIT_MAX_IV + sizeof(rfc1042_header)] __aligned(2); struct rcu_head rcu_head; }; /** * struct ieee80211_fast_rx - RX fastpath information * @dev: netdevice for reporting the SKB * @vif_type: (P2P-less) interface type of the original sdata (sdata->vif.type) * @vif_addr: interface address * @rfc1042_hdr: copy of the RFC 1042 SNAP header (to have in cache) * @control_port_protocol: control port protocol copied from sdata * @expected_ds_bits: from/to DS bits expected * @icv_len: length of the MIC if present * @key: bool indicating encryption is expected (key is set) * @internal_forward: forward froms internally on AP/VLAN type interfaces * @uses_rss: copy of USES_RSS hw flag * @da_offs: offset of the DA in the header (for header conversion) * @sa_offs: offset of the SA in the header (for header conversion) * @rcu_head: RCU head for freeing this structure */ struct ieee80211_fast_rx { struct net_device *dev; enum nl80211_iftype vif_type; u8 vif_addr[ETH_ALEN] __aligned(2); u8 rfc1042_hdr[6] __aligned(2); __be16 control_port_protocol; __le16 expected_ds_bits; u8 icv_len; u8 key:1, internal_forward:1, uses_rss:1; u8 da_offs, sa_offs; struct rcu_head rcu_head; }; /* we use only values in the range 0-100, so pick a large precision */ DECLARE_EWMA(mesh_fail_avg, 20, 8) DECLARE_EWMA(mesh_tx_rate_avg, 8, 16) /** * struct mesh_sta - mesh STA information * @plink_lock: serialize access to plink fields * @llid: Local link ID * @plid: Peer link ID * @aid: local aid supplied by peer * @reason: Cancel reason on PLINK_HOLDING state * @plink_retries: Retries in establishment * @plink_state: peer link state * @plink_timeout: timeout of peer link * @plink_timer: peer link watch timer * @plink_sta: peer link watch timer's sta_info * @t_offset: timing offset relative to this host * @t_offset_setpoint: reference timing offset of this sta to be used when * calculating clockdrift * @local_pm: local link-specific power save mode * @peer_pm: peer-specific power save mode towards local STA * @nonpeer_pm: STA power save mode towards non-peer neighbors * @processed_beacon: set to true after peer rates and capabilities are * processed * @connected_to_gate: true if mesh STA has a path to a mesh gate * @connected_to_as: true if mesh STA has a path to a authentication server * @fail_avg: moving percentage of failed MSDUs * @tx_rate_avg: moving average of tx bitrate */ struct mesh_sta { struct timer_list plink_timer; struct sta_info *plink_sta; s64 t_offset; s64 t_offset_setpoint; spinlock_t plink_lock; u16 llid; u16 plid; u16 aid; u16 reason; u8 plink_retries; bool processed_beacon; bool connected_to_gate; bool connected_to_as; enum nl80211_plink_state plink_state; u32 plink_timeout; /* mesh power save */ enum nl80211_mesh_power_mode local_pm; enum nl80211_mesh_power_mode peer_pm; enum nl80211_mesh_power_mode nonpeer_pm; /* moving percentage of failed MSDUs */ struct ewma_mesh_fail_avg fail_avg; /* moving average of tx bitrate */ struct ewma_mesh_tx_rate_avg tx_rate_avg; }; DECLARE_EWMA(signal, 10, 8) struct ieee80211_sta_rx_stats { unsigned long packets; unsigned long last_rx; unsigned long num_duplicates; unsigned long fragments; unsigned long dropped; int last_signal; u8 chains; s8 chain_signal_last[IEEE80211_MAX_CHAINS]; u32 last_rate; struct u64_stats_sync syncp; u64 bytes; u64 msdu[IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS + 1]; }; /* * IEEE 802.11-2016 (10.6 "Defragmentation") recommends support for "concurrent * reception of at least one MSDU per access category per associated STA" * on APs, or "at least one MSDU per access category" on other interface types. * * This limit can be increased by changing this define, at the cost of slower * frame reassembly and increased memory use while fragments are pending. */ #define IEEE80211_FRAGMENT_MAX 4 struct ieee80211_fragment_entry { struct sk_buff_head skb_list; unsigned long first_frag_time; u16 seq; u16 extra_len; u16 last_frag; u8 rx_queue; u8 check_sequential_pn:1, /* needed for CCMP/GCMP */ is_protected:1; u8 last_pn[6]; /* PN of the last fragment if CCMP was used */ unsigned int key_color; }; struct ieee80211_fragment_cache { struct ieee80211_fragment_entry entries[IEEE80211_FRAGMENT_MAX]; unsigned int next; }; /* * The bandwidth threshold below which the per-station CoDel parameters will be * scaled to be more lenient (to prevent starvation of slow stations). This * value will be scaled by the number of active stations when it is being * applied. */ #define STA_SLOW_THRESHOLD 6000 /* 6 Mbps */ /** * struct sta_info - STA information * * This structure collects information about a station that * mac80211 is communicating with. * * @list: global linked list entry * @free_list: list entry for keeping track of stations to free * @hash_node: hash node for rhashtable * @addr: station's MAC address - duplicated from public part to * let the hash table work with just a single cacheline * @local: pointer to the global information * @sdata: virtual interface this station belongs to * @ptk: peer keys negotiated with this station, if any * @ptk_idx: last installed peer key index * @gtk: group keys negotiated with this station, if any * @rate_ctrl: rate control algorithm reference * @rate_ctrl_lock: spinlock used to protect rate control data * (data inside the algorithm, so serializes calls there) * @rate_ctrl_priv: rate control private per-STA pointer * @lock: used for locking all fields that require locking, see comments * in the header file. * @drv_deliver_wk: used for delivering frames after driver PS unblocking * @listen_interval: listen interval of this station, when we're acting as AP * @_flags: STA flags, see &enum ieee80211_sta_info_flags, do not use directly * @ps_lock: used for powersave (when mac80211 is the AP) related locking * @ps_tx_buf: buffers (per AC) of frames to transmit to this station * when it leaves power saving state or polls * @tx_filtered: buffers (per AC) of frames we already tried to * transmit but were filtered by hardware due to STA having * entered power saving state, these are also delivered to * the station when it leaves powersave or polls for frames * @driver_buffered_tids: bitmap of TIDs the driver has data buffered on * @txq_buffered_tids: bitmap of TIDs that mac80211 has txq data buffered on * @assoc_at: clock boottime (in ns) of last association * @last_connected: time (in seconds) when a station got connected * @last_seq_ctrl: last received seq/frag number from this STA (per TID * plus one for non-QoS frames) * @tid_seq: per-TID sequence numbers for sending to this STA * @airtime: per-AC struct airtime_info describing airtime statistics for this * station * @airtime_weight: station weight for airtime fairness calculation purposes * @ampdu_mlme: A-MPDU state machine state * @mesh: mesh STA information * @debugfs_dir: debug filesystem directory dentry * @dead: set to true when sta is unlinked * @removed: set to true when sta is being removed from sta_list * @uploaded: set to true when sta is uploaded to the driver * @sta: station information we share with the driver * @sta_state: duplicates information about station state (for debug) * @rcu_head: RCU head used for freeing this station struct * @cur_max_bandwidth: maximum bandwidth to use for TX to the station, * taken from HT/VHT capabilities or VHT operating mode notification * @known_smps_mode: the smps_mode the client thinks we are in. Relevant for * AP only. * @cipher_scheme: optional cipher scheme for this station * @cparams: CoDel parameters for this station. * @reserved_tid: reserved TID (if any, otherwise IEEE80211_TID_UNRESERVED) * @fast_tx: TX fastpath information * @fast_rx: RX fastpath information * @tdls_chandef: a TDLS peer can have a wider chandef that is compatible to * the BSS one. * @tx_stats: TX statistics * @tx_stats.packets: # of packets transmitted * @tx_stats.bytes: # of bytes in all packets transmitted * @tx_stats.last_rate: last TX rate * @tx_stats.msdu: # of transmitted MSDUs per TID * @rx_stats: RX statistics * @rx_stats_avg: averaged RX statistics * @rx_stats_avg.signal: averaged signal * @rx_stats_avg.chain_signal: averaged per-chain signal * @pcpu_rx_stats: per-CPU RX statistics, assigned only if the driver needs * this (by advertising the USES_RSS hw flag) * @status_stats: TX status statistics * @status_stats.filtered: # of filtered frames * @status_stats.retry_failed: # of frames that failed after retry * @status_stats.retry_count: # of retries attempted * @status_stats.lost_packets: # of lost packets * @status_stats.last_pkt_time: timestamp of last ACKed packet * @status_stats.msdu_retries: # of MSDU retries * @status_stats.msdu_failed: # of failed MSDUs * @status_stats.last_ack: last ack timestamp (jiffies) * @status_stats.last_ack_signal: last ACK signal * @status_stats.ack_signal_filled: last ACK signal validity * @status_stats.avg_ack_signal: average ACK signal * @frags: fragment cache */ struct sta_info { /* General information, mostly static */ struct list_head list, free_list; struct rcu_head rcu_head; struct rhlist_head hash_node; u8 addr[ETH_ALEN]; struct ieee80211_local *local; struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata; struct ieee80211_key __rcu *gtk[NUM_DEFAULT_KEYS + NUM_DEFAULT_MGMT_KEYS + NUM_DEFAULT_BEACON_KEYS]; struct ieee80211_key __rcu *ptk[NUM_DEFAULT_KEYS]; u8 ptk_idx; struct rate_control_ref *rate_ctrl; void *rate_ctrl_priv; spinlock_t rate_ctrl_lock; spinlock_t lock; struct ieee80211_fast_tx __rcu *fast_tx; struct ieee80211_fast_rx __rcu *fast_rx; struct ieee80211_sta_rx_stats __percpu *pcpu_rx_stats; #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_MESH struct mesh_sta *mesh; #endif struct work_struct drv_deliver_wk; u16 listen_interval; bool dead; bool removed; bool uploaded; enum ieee80211_sta_state sta_state; /* use the accessors defined below */ unsigned long _flags; /* STA powersave lock and frame queues */ spinlock_t ps_lock; struct sk_buff_head ps_tx_buf[IEEE80211_NUM_ACS]; struct sk_buff_head tx_filtered[IEEE80211_NUM_ACS]; unsigned long driver_buffered_tids; unsigned long txq_buffered_tids; u64 assoc_at; long last_connected; /* Updated from RX path only, no locking requirements */ struct ieee80211_sta_rx_stats rx_stats; struct { struct ewma_signal signal; struct ewma_signal chain_signal[IEEE80211_MAX_CHAINS]; } rx_stats_avg; /* Plus 1 for non-QoS frames */ __le16 last_seq_ctrl[IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS + 1]; /* Updated from TX status path only, no locking requirements */ struct { unsigned long filtered; unsigned long retry_failed, retry_count; unsigned int lost_packets; unsigned long last_pkt_time; u64 msdu_retries[IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS + 1]; u64 msdu_failed[IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS + 1]; unsigned long last_ack; s8 last_ack_signal; bool ack_signal_filled; struct ewma_avg_signal avg_ack_signal; } status_stats; /* Updated from TX path only, no locking requirements */ struct { u64 packets[IEEE80211_NUM_ACS]; u64 bytes[IEEE80211_NUM_ACS]; struct ieee80211_tx_rate last_rate; struct rate_info last_rate_info; u64 msdu[IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS + 1]; } tx_stats; u16 tid_seq[IEEE80211_QOS_CTL_TID_MASK + 1]; struct airtime_info airtime[IEEE80211_NUM_ACS]; u16 airtime_weight; /* * Aggregation information, locked with lock. */ struct sta_ampdu_mlme ampdu_mlme; #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_DEBUGFS struct dentry *debugfs_dir; #endif enum ieee80211_sta_rx_bandwidth cur_max_bandwidth; enum ieee80211_smps_mode known_smps_mode; const struct ieee80211_cipher_scheme *cipher_scheme; struct codel_params cparams; u8 reserved_tid; struct cfg80211_chan_def tdls_chandef; struct ieee80211_fragment_cache frags; /* keep last! */ struct ieee80211_sta sta; }; static inline enum nl80211_plink_state sta_plink_state(struct sta_info *sta) { #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_MESH return sta->mesh->plink_state; #endif return NL80211_PLINK_LISTEN; } static inline void set_sta_flag(struct sta_info *sta, enum ieee80211_sta_info_flags flag) { WARN_ON(flag == WLAN_STA_AUTH || flag == WLAN_STA_ASSOC || flag == WLAN_STA_AUTHORIZED); set_bit(flag, &sta->_flags); } static inline void clear_sta_flag(struct sta_info *sta, enum ieee80211_sta_info_flags flag) { WARN_ON(flag == WLAN_STA_AUTH || flag == WLAN_STA_ASSOC || flag == WLAN_STA_AUTHORIZED); clear_bit(flag, &sta->_flags); } static inline int test_sta_flag(struct sta_info *sta, enum ieee80211_sta_info_flags flag) { return test_bit(flag, &sta->_flags); } static inline int test_and_clear_sta_flag(struct sta_info *sta, enum ieee80211_sta_info_flags flag) { WARN_ON(flag == WLAN_STA_AUTH || flag == WLAN_STA_ASSOC || flag == WLAN_STA_AUTHORIZED); return test_and_clear_bit(flag, &sta->_flags); } static inline int test_and_set_sta_flag(struct sta_info *sta, enum ieee80211_sta_info_flags flag) { WARN_ON(flag == WLAN_STA_AUTH || flag == WLAN_STA_ASSOC || flag == WLAN_STA_AUTHORIZED); return test_and_set_bit(flag, &sta->_flags); } int sta_info_move_state(struct sta_info *sta, enum ieee80211_sta_state new_state); static inline void sta_info_pre_move_state(struct sta_info *sta, enum ieee80211_sta_state new_state) { int ret; WARN_ON_ONCE(test_sta_flag(sta, WLAN_STA_INSERTED)); ret = sta_info_move_state(sta, new_state); WARN_ON_ONCE(ret); } void ieee80211_assign_tid_tx(struct sta_info *sta, int tid, struct tid_ampdu_tx *tid_tx); static inline struct tid_ampdu_tx * rcu_dereference_protected_tid_tx(struct sta_info *sta, int tid) { return rcu_dereference_protected(sta->ampdu_mlme.tid_tx[tid], lockdep_is_held(&sta->lock) || lockdep_is_held(&sta->ampdu_mlme.mtx)); } /* Maximum number of frames to buffer per power saving station per AC */ #define STA_MAX_TX_BUFFER 64 /* Minimum buffered frame expiry time. If STA uses listen interval that is * smaller than this value, the minimum value here is used instead. */ #define STA_TX_BUFFER_EXPIRE (10 * HZ) /* How often station data is cleaned up (e.g., expiration of buffered frames) */ #define STA_INFO_CLEANUP_INTERVAL (10 * HZ) struct rhlist_head *sta_info_hash_lookup(struct ieee80211_local *local, const u8 *addr); /* * Get a STA info, must be under RCU read lock. */ struct sta_info *sta_info_get(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata, const u8 *addr); struct sta_info *sta_info_get_bss(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata, const u8 *addr); /* user must hold sta_mtx or be in RCU critical section */ struct sta_info *sta_info_get_by_addrs(struct ieee80211_local *local, const u8 *sta_addr, const u8 *vif_addr); #define for_each_sta_info(local, _addr, _sta, _tmp) \ rhl_for_each_entry_rcu(_sta, _tmp, \ sta_info_hash_lookup(local, _addr), hash_node) /* * Get STA info by index, BROKEN! */ struct sta_info *sta_info_get_by_idx(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata, int idx); /* * Create a new STA info, caller owns returned structure * until sta_info_insert(). */ struct sta_info *sta_info_alloc(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata, const u8 *addr, gfp_t gfp); void sta_info_free(struct ieee80211_local *local, struct sta_info *sta); /* * Insert STA info into hash table/list, returns zero or a * -EEXIST if (if the same MAC address is already present). * * Calling the non-rcu version makes the caller relinquish, * the _rcu version calls read_lock_rcu() and must be called * without it held. */ int sta_info_insert(struct sta_info *sta); int sta_info_insert_rcu(struct sta_info *sta) __acquires(RCU); int __must_check __sta_info_destroy(struct sta_info *sta); int sta_info_destroy_addr(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata, const u8 *addr); int sta_info_destroy_addr_bss(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata, const u8 *addr); void sta_info_recalc_tim(struct sta_info *sta); int sta_info_init(struct ieee80211_local *local); void sta_info_stop(struct ieee80211_local *local); /** * __sta_info_flush - flush matching STA entries from the STA table * * Returns the number of removed STA entries. * * @sdata: sdata to remove all stations from * @vlans: if the given interface is an AP interface, also flush VLANs */ int __sta_info_flush(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata, bool vlans); /** * sta_info_flush - flush matching STA entries from the STA table * * Returns the number of removed STA entries. * * @sdata: sdata to remove all stations from */ static inline int sta_info_flush(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata) { return __sta_info_flush(sdata, false); } void sta_set_rate_info_tx(struct sta_info *sta, const struct ieee80211_tx_rate *rate, struct rate_info *rinfo); void sta_set_sinfo(struct sta_info *sta, struct station_info *sinfo, bool tidstats); u32 sta_get_expected_throughput(struct sta_info *sta); void ieee80211_sta_expire(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata, unsigned long exp_time); u8 sta_info_tx_streams(struct sta_info *sta); void ieee80211_sta_ps_deliver_wakeup(struct sta_info *sta); void ieee80211_sta_ps_deliver_poll_response(struct sta_info *sta); void ieee80211_sta_ps_deliver_uapsd(struct sta_info *sta); unsigned long ieee80211_sta_last_active(struct sta_info *sta); enum sta_stats_type { STA_STATS_RATE_TYPE_INVALID = 0, STA_STATS_RATE_TYPE_LEGACY, STA_STATS_RATE_TYPE_HT, STA_STATS_RATE_TYPE_VHT, STA_STATS_RATE_TYPE_HE, STA_STATS_RATE_TYPE_S1G, }; #define STA_STATS_FIELD_HT_MCS GENMASK( 7, 0) #define STA_STATS_FIELD_LEGACY_IDX GENMASK( 3, 0) #define STA_STATS_FIELD_LEGACY_BAND GENMASK( 7, 4) #define STA_STATS_FIELD_VHT_MCS GENMASK( 3, 0) #define STA_STATS_FIELD_VHT_NSS GENMASK( 7, 4) #define STA_STATS_FIELD_HE_MCS GENMASK( 3, 0) #define STA_STATS_FIELD_HE_NSS GENMASK( 7, 4) #define STA_STATS_FIELD_BW GENMASK(11, 8) #define STA_STATS_FIELD_SGI GENMASK(12, 12) #define STA_STATS_FIELD_TYPE GENMASK(15, 13) #define STA_STATS_FIELD_HE_RU GENMASK(18, 16) #define STA_STATS_FIELD_HE_GI GENMASK(20, 19) #define STA_STATS_FIELD_HE_DCM GENMASK(21, 21) #define STA_STATS_FIELD(_n, _v) FIELD_PREP(STA_STATS_FIELD_ ## _n, _v) #define STA_STATS_GET(_n, _v) FIELD_GET(STA_STATS_FIELD_ ## _n, _v) #define STA_STATS_RATE_INVALID 0 static inline u32 sta_stats_encode_rate(struct ieee80211_rx_status *s) { u32 r; r = STA_STATS_FIELD(BW, s->bw); if (s->enc_flags & RX_ENC_FLAG_SHORT_GI) r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(SGI, 1); switch (s->encoding) { case RX_ENC_VHT: r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(TYPE, STA_STATS_RATE_TYPE_VHT); r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(VHT_NSS, s->nss); r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(VHT_MCS, s->rate_idx); break; case RX_ENC_HT: r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(TYPE, STA_STATS_RATE_TYPE_HT); r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(HT_MCS, s->rate_idx); break; case RX_ENC_LEGACY: r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(TYPE, STA_STATS_RATE_TYPE_LEGACY); r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(LEGACY_BAND, s->band); r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(LEGACY_IDX, s->rate_idx); break; case RX_ENC_HE: r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(TYPE, STA_STATS_RATE_TYPE_HE); r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(HE_NSS, s->nss); r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(HE_MCS, s->rate_idx); r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(HE_GI, s->he_gi); r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(HE_RU, s->he_ru); r |= STA_STATS_FIELD(HE_DCM, s->he_dcm); break; default: WARN_ON(1); return STA_STATS_RATE_INVALID; } return r; } #endif /* STA_INFO_H */
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4622 4623 4624 4625 4626 4627 4628 4629 4630 4631 4632 4633 4634 4635 4636 4637 4638 4639 4640 4641 4642 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Definitions for the 'struct sk_buff' memory handlers. * * Authors: * Alan Cox, <gw4pts@gw4pts.ampr.org> * Florian La Roche, <rzsfl@rz.uni-sb.de> */ #ifndef _LINUX_SKBUFF_H #define _LINUX_SKBUFF_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/bvec.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/socket.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <asm/types.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/net.h> #include <linux/textsearch.h> #include <net/checksum.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/hrtimer.h> #include <linux/dma-mapping.h> #include <linux/netdev_features.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/clock.h> #include <net/flow_dissector.h> #include <linux/splice.h> #include <linux/in6.h> #include <linux/if_packet.h> #include <net/flow.h> #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_common.h> #endif /* The interface for checksum offload between the stack and networking drivers * is as follows... * * A. IP checksum related features * * Drivers advertise checksum offload capabilities in the features of a device. * From the stack's point of view these are capabilities offered by the driver. * A driver typically only advertises features that it is capable of offloading * to its device. * * The checksum related features are: * * NETIF_F_HW_CSUM - The driver (or its device) is able to compute one * IP (one's complement) checksum for any combination * of protocols or protocol layering. The checksum is * computed and set in a packet per the CHECKSUM_PARTIAL * interface (see below). * * NETIF_F_IP_CSUM - Driver (device) is only able to checksum plain * TCP or UDP packets over IPv4. These are specifically * unencapsulated packets of the form IPv4|TCP or * IPv4|UDP where the Protocol field in the IPv4 header * is TCP or UDP. The IPv4 header may contain IP options. * This feature cannot be set in features for a device * with NETIF_F_HW_CSUM also set. This feature is being * DEPRECATED (see below). * * NETIF_F_IPV6_CSUM - Driver (device) is only able to checksum plain * TCP or UDP packets over IPv6. These are specifically * unencapsulated packets of the form IPv6|TCP or * IPv6|UDP where the Next Header field in the IPv6 * header is either TCP or UDP. IPv6 extension headers * are not supported with this feature. This feature * cannot be set in features for a device with * NETIF_F_HW_CSUM also set. This feature is being * DEPRECATED (see below). * * NETIF_F_RXCSUM - Driver (device) performs receive checksum offload. * This flag is only used to disable the RX checksum * feature for a device. The stack will accept receive * checksum indication in packets received on a device * regardless of whether NETIF_F_RXCSUM is set. * * B. Checksumming of received packets by device. Indication of checksum * verification is set in skb->ip_summed. Possible values are: * * CHECKSUM_NONE: * * Device did not checksum this packet e.g. due to lack of capabilities. * The packet contains full (though not verified) checksum in packet but * not in skb->csum. Thus, skb->csum is undefined in this case. * * CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY: * * The hardware you're dealing with doesn't calculate the full checksum * (as in CHECKSUM_COMPLETE), but it does parse headers and verify checksums * for specific protocols. For such packets it will set CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY * if their checksums are okay. skb->csum is still undefined in this case * though. A driver or device must never modify the checksum field in the * packet even if checksum is verified. * * CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY is applicable to following protocols: * TCP: IPv6 and IPv4. * UDP: IPv4 and IPv6. A device may apply CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY to a * zero UDP checksum for either IPv4 or IPv6, the networking stack * may perform further validation in this case. * GRE: only if the checksum is present in the header. * SCTP: indicates the CRC in SCTP header has been validated. * FCOE: indicates the CRC in FC frame has been validated. * * skb->csum_level indicates the number of consecutive checksums found in * the packet minus one that have been verified as CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY. * For instance if a device receives an IPv6->UDP->GRE->IPv4->TCP packet * and a device is able to verify the checksums for UDP (possibly zero), * GRE (checksum flag is set) and TCP, skb->csum_level would be set to * two. If the device were only able to verify the UDP checksum and not * GRE, either because it doesn't support GRE checksum or because GRE * checksum is bad, skb->csum_level would be set to zero (TCP checksum is * not considered in this case). * * CHECKSUM_COMPLETE: * * This is the most generic way. The device supplied checksum of the _whole_ * packet as seen by netif_rx() and fills in skb->csum. This means the * hardware doesn't need to parse L3/L4 headers to implement this. * * Notes: * - Even if device supports only some protocols, but is able to produce * skb->csum, it MUST use CHECKSUM_COMPLETE, not CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY. * - CHECKSUM_COMPLETE is not applicable to SCTP and FCoE protocols. * * CHECKSUM_PARTIAL: * * A checksum is set up to be offloaded to a device as described in the * output description for CHECKSUM_PARTIAL. This may occur on a packet * received directly from another Linux OS, e.g., a virtualized Linux kernel * on the same host, or it may be set in the input path in GRO or remote * checksum offload. For the purposes of checksum verification, the checksum * referred to by skb->csum_start + skb->csum_offset and any preceding * checksums in the packet are considered verified. Any checksums in the * packet that are after the checksum being offloaded are not considered to * be verified. * * C. Checksumming on transmit for non-GSO. The stack requests checksum offload * in the skb->ip_summed for a packet. Values are: * * CHECKSUM_PARTIAL: * * The driver is required to checksum the packet as seen by hard_start_xmit() * from skb->csum_start up to the end, and to record/write the checksum at * offset skb->csum_start + skb->csum_offset. A driver may verify that the * csum_start and csum_offset values are valid values given the length and * offset of the packet, but it should not attempt to validate that the * checksum refers to a legitimate transport layer checksum -- it is the * purview of the stack to validate that csum_start and csum_offset are set * correctly. * * When the stack requests checksum offload for a packet, the driver MUST * ensure that the checksum is set correctly. A driver can either offload the * checksum calculation to the device, or call skb_checksum_help (in the case * that the device does not support offload for a particular checksum). * * NETIF_F_IP_CSUM and NETIF_F_IPV6_CSUM are being deprecated in favor of * NETIF_F_HW_CSUM. New devices should use NETIF_F_HW_CSUM to indicate * checksum offload capability. * skb_csum_hwoffload_help() can be called to resolve CHECKSUM_PARTIAL based * on network device checksumming capabilities: if a packet does not match * them, skb_checksum_help or skb_crc32c_help (depending on the value of * csum_not_inet, see item D.) is called to resolve the checksum. * * CHECKSUM_NONE: * * The skb was already checksummed by the protocol, or a checksum is not * required. * * CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY: * * This has the same meaning as CHECKSUM_NONE for checksum offload on * output. * * CHECKSUM_COMPLETE: * Not used in checksum output. If a driver observes a packet with this value * set in skbuff, it should treat the packet as if CHECKSUM_NONE were set. * * D. Non-IP checksum (CRC) offloads * * NETIF_F_SCTP_CRC - This feature indicates that a device is capable of * offloading the SCTP CRC in a packet. To perform this offload the stack * will set csum_start and csum_offset accordingly, set ip_summed to * CHECKSUM_PARTIAL and set csum_not_inet to 1, to provide an indication in * the skbuff that the CHECKSUM_PARTIAL refers to CRC32c. * A driver that supports both IP checksum offload and SCTP CRC32c offload * must verify which offload is configured for a packet by testing the * value of skb->csum_not_inet; skb_crc32c_csum_help is provided to resolve * CHECKSUM_PARTIAL on skbs where csum_not_inet is set to 1. * * NETIF_F_FCOE_CRC - This feature indicates that a device is capable of * offloading the FCOE CRC in a packet. To perform this offload the stack * will set ip_summed to CHECKSUM_PARTIAL and set csum_start and csum_offset * accordingly. Note that there is no indication in the skbuff that the * CHECKSUM_PARTIAL refers to an FCOE checksum, so a driver that supports * both IP checksum offload and FCOE CRC offload must verify which offload * is configured for a packet, presumably by inspecting packet headers. * * E. Checksumming on output with GSO. * * In the case of a GSO packet (skb_is_gso(skb) is true), checksum offload * is implied by the SKB_GSO_* flags in gso_type. Most obviously, if the * gso_type is SKB_GSO_TCPV4 or SKB_GSO_TCPV6, TCP checksum offload as * part of the GSO operation is implied. If a checksum is being offloaded * with GSO then ip_summed is CHECKSUM_PARTIAL, and both csum_start and * csum_offset are set to refer to the outermost checksum being offloaded * (two offloaded checksums are possible with UDP encapsulation). */ /* Don't change this without changing skb_csum_unnecessary! */ #define CHECKSUM_NONE 0 #define CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY 1 #define CHECKSUM_COMPLETE 2 #define CHECKSUM_PARTIAL 3 /* Maximum value in skb->csum_level */ #define SKB_MAX_CSUM_LEVEL 3 #define SKB_DATA_ALIGN(X) ALIGN(X, SMP_CACHE_BYTES) #define SKB_WITH_OVERHEAD(X) \ ((X) - SKB_DATA_ALIGN(sizeof(struct skb_shared_info))) #define SKB_MAX_ORDER(X, ORDER) \ SKB_WITH_OVERHEAD((PAGE_SIZE << (ORDER)) - (X)) #define SKB_MAX_HEAD(X) (SKB_MAX_ORDER((X), 0)) #define SKB_MAX_ALLOC (SKB_MAX_ORDER(0, 2)) /* return minimum truesize of one skb containing X bytes of data */ #define SKB_TRUESIZE(X) ((X) + \ SKB_DATA_ALIGN(sizeof(struct sk_buff)) + \ SKB_DATA_ALIGN(sizeof(struct skb_shared_info))) struct ahash_request; struct net_device; struct scatterlist; struct pipe_inode_info; struct iov_iter; struct napi_struct; struct bpf_prog; union bpf_attr; struct skb_ext; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BRIDGE_NETFILTER) struct nf_bridge_info { enum { BRNF_PROTO_UNCHANGED, BRNF_PROTO_8021Q, BRNF_PROTO_PPPOE } orig_proto:8; u8 pkt_otherhost:1; u8 in_prerouting:1; u8 bridged_dnat:1; __u16 frag_max_size; struct net_device *physindev; /* always valid & non-NULL from FORWARD on, for physdev match */ struct net_device *physoutdev; union { /* prerouting: detect dnat in orig/reply direction */ __be32 ipv4_daddr; struct in6_addr ipv6_daddr; /* after prerouting + nat detected: store original source * mac since neigh resolution overwrites it, only used while * skb is out in neigh layer. */ char neigh_header[8]; }; }; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_TC_SKB_EXT) /* Chain in tc_skb_ext will be used to share the tc chain with * ovs recirc_id. It will be set to the current chain by tc * and read by ovs to recirc_id. */ struct tc_skb_ext { __u32 chain; __u16 mru; }; #endif struct sk_buff_head { /* These two members must be first. */ struct sk_buff *next; struct sk_buff *prev; __u32 qlen; spinlock_t lock; }; struct sk_buff; /* To allow 64K frame to be packed as single skb without frag_list we * require 64K/PAGE_SIZE pages plus 1 additional page to allow for * buffers which do not start on a page boundary. * * Since GRO uses frags we allocate at least 16 regardless of page * size. */ #if (65536/PAGE_SIZE + 1) < 16 #define MAX_SKB_FRAGS 16UL #else #define MAX_SKB_FRAGS (65536/PAGE_SIZE + 1) #endif extern int sysctl_max_skb_frags; /* Set skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_size to this in case you want skb_segment to * segment using its current segmentation instead. */ #define GSO_BY_FRAGS 0xFFFF typedef struct bio_vec skb_frag_t; /** * skb_frag_size() - Returns the size of a skb fragment * @frag: skb fragment */ static inline unsigned int skb_frag_size(const skb_frag_t *frag) { return frag->bv_len; } /** * skb_frag_size_set() - Sets the size of a skb fragment * @frag: skb fragment * @size: size of fragment */ static inline void skb_frag_size_set(skb_frag_t *frag, unsigned int size) { frag->bv_len = size; } /** * skb_frag_size_add() - Increments the size of a skb fragment by @delta * @frag: skb fragment * @delta: value to add */ static inline void skb_frag_size_add(skb_frag_t *frag, int delta) { frag->bv_len += delta; } /** * skb_frag_size_sub() - Decrements the size of a skb fragment by @delta * @frag: skb fragment * @delta: value to subtract */ static inline void skb_frag_size_sub(skb_frag_t *frag, int delta) { frag->bv_len -= delta; } /** * skb_frag_must_loop - Test if %p is a high memory page * @p: fragment's page */ static inline bool skb_frag_must_loop(struct page *p) { #if defined(CONFIG_HIGHMEM) if (PageHighMem(p)) return true; #endif return false; } /** * skb_frag_foreach_page - loop over pages in a fragment * * @f: skb frag to operate on * @f_off: offset from start of f->bv_page * @f_len: length from f_off to loop over * @p: (temp var) current page * @p_off: (temp var) offset from start of current page, * non-zero only on first page. * @p_len: (temp var) length in current page, * < PAGE_SIZE only on first and last page. * @copied: (temp var) length so far, excluding current p_len. * * A fragment can hold a compound page, in which case per-page * operations, notably kmap_atomic, must be called for each * regular page. */ #define skb_frag_foreach_page(f, f_off, f_len, p, p_off, p_len, copied) \ for (p = skb_frag_page(f) + ((f_off) >> PAGE_SHIFT), \ p_off = (f_off) & (PAGE_SIZE - 1), \ p_len = skb_frag_must_loop(p) ? \ min_t(u32, f_len, PAGE_SIZE - p_off) : f_len, \ copied = 0; \ copied < f_len; \ copied += p_len, p++, p_off = 0, \ p_len = min_t(u32, f_len - copied, PAGE_SIZE)) \ #define HAVE_HW_TIME_STAMP /** * struct skb_shared_hwtstamps - hardware time stamps * @hwtstamp: hardware time stamp transformed into duration * since arbitrary point in time * * Software time stamps generated by ktime_get_real() are stored in * skb->tstamp. * * hwtstamps can only be compared against other hwtstamps from * the same device. * * This structure is attached to packets as part of the * &skb_shared_info. Use skb_hwtstamps() to get a pointer. */ struct skb_shared_hwtstamps { ktime_t hwtstamp; }; /* Definitions for tx_flags in struct skb_shared_info */ enum { /* generate hardware time stamp */ SKBTX_HW_TSTAMP = 1 << 0, /* generate software time stamp when queueing packet to NIC */ SKBTX_SW_TSTAMP = 1 << 1, /* device driver is going to provide hardware time stamp */ SKBTX_IN_PROGRESS = 1 << 2, /* device driver supports TX zero-copy buffers */ SKBTX_DEV_ZEROCOPY = 1 << 3, /* generate wifi status information (where possible) */ SKBTX_WIFI_STATUS = 1 << 4, /* This indicates at least one fragment might be overwritten * (as in vmsplice(), sendfile() ...) * If we need to compute a TX checksum, we'll need to copy * all frags to avoid possible bad checksum */ SKBTX_SHARED_FRAG = 1 << 5, /* generate software time stamp when entering packet scheduling */ SKBTX_SCHED_TSTAMP = 1 << 6, }; #define SKBTX_ZEROCOPY_FRAG (SKBTX_DEV_ZEROCOPY | SKBTX_SHARED_FRAG) #define SKBTX_ANY_SW_TSTAMP (SKBTX_SW_TSTAMP | \ SKBTX_SCHED_TSTAMP) #define SKBTX_ANY_TSTAMP (SKBTX_HW_TSTAMP | SKBTX_ANY_SW_TSTAMP) /* * The callback notifies userspace to release buffers when skb DMA is done in * lower device, the skb last reference should be 0 when calling this. * The zerocopy_success argument is true if zero copy transmit occurred, * false on data copy or out of memory error caused by data copy attempt. * The ctx field is used to track device context. * The desc field is used to track userspace buffer index. */ struct ubuf_info { void (*callback)(struct ubuf_info *, bool zerocopy_success); union { struct { unsigned long desc; void *ctx; }; struct { u32 id; u16 len; u16 zerocopy:1; u32 bytelen; }; }; refcount_t refcnt; struct mmpin { struct user_struct *user; unsigned int num_pg; } mmp; }; #define skb_uarg(SKB) ((struct ubuf_info *)(skb_shinfo(SKB)->destructor_arg)) int mm_account_pinned_pages(struct mmpin *mmp, size_t size); void mm_unaccount_pinned_pages(struct mmpin *mmp); struct ubuf_info *sock_zerocopy_alloc(struct sock *sk, size_t size); struct ubuf_info *sock_zerocopy_realloc(struct sock *sk, size_t size, struct ubuf_info *uarg); static inline void sock_zerocopy_get(struct ubuf_info *uarg) { refcount_inc(&uarg->refcnt); } void sock_zerocopy_put(struct ubuf_info *uarg); void sock_zerocopy_put_abort(struct ubuf_info *uarg, bool have_uref); void sock_zerocopy_callback(struct ubuf_info *uarg, bool success); int skb_zerocopy_iter_dgram(struct sk_buff *skb, struct msghdr *msg, int len); int skb_zerocopy_iter_stream(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct msghdr *msg, int len, struct ubuf_info *uarg); /* This data is invariant across clones and lives at * the end of the header data, ie. at skb->end. */ struct skb_shared_info { __u8 __unused; __u8 meta_len; __u8 nr_frags; __u8 tx_flags; unsigned short gso_size; /* Warning: this field is not always filled in (UFO)! */ unsigned short gso_segs; struct sk_buff *frag_list; struct skb_shared_hwtstamps hwtstamps; unsigned int gso_type; u32 tskey; /* * Warning : all fields before dataref are cleared in __alloc_skb() */ atomic_t dataref; /* Intermediate layers must ensure that destructor_arg * remains valid until skb destructor */ void * destructor_arg; /* must be last field, see pskb_expand_head() */ skb_frag_t frags[MAX_SKB_FRAGS]; }; /* We divide dataref into two halves. The higher 16 bits hold references * to the payload part of skb->data. The lower 16 bits hold references to * the entire skb->data. A clone of a headerless skb holds the length of * the header in skb->hdr_len. * * All users must obey the rule that the skb->data reference count must be * greater than or equal to the payload reference count. * * Holding a reference to the payload part means that the user does not * care about modifications to the header part of skb->data. */ #define SKB_DATAREF_SHIFT 16 #define SKB_DATAREF_MASK ((1 << SKB_DATAREF_SHIFT) - 1) enum { SKB_FCLONE_UNAVAILABLE, /* skb has no fclone (from head_cache) */ SKB_FCLONE_ORIG, /* orig skb (from fclone_cache) */ SKB_FCLONE_CLONE, /* companion fclone skb (from fclone_cache) */ }; enum { SKB_GSO_TCPV4 = 1 << 0, /* This indicates the skb is from an untrusted source. */ SKB_GSO_DODGY = 1 << 1, /* This indicates the tcp segment has CWR set. */ SKB_GSO_TCP_ECN = 1 << 2, SKB_GSO_TCP_FIXEDID = 1 << 3, SKB_GSO_TCPV6 = 1 << 4, SKB_GSO_FCOE = 1 << 5, SKB_GSO_GRE = 1 << 6, SKB_GSO_GRE_CSUM = 1 << 7, SKB_GSO_IPXIP4 = 1 << 8, SKB_GSO_IPXIP6 = 1 << 9, SKB_GSO_UDP_TUNNEL = 1 << 10, SKB_GSO_UDP_TUNNEL_CSUM = 1 << 11, SKB_GSO_PARTIAL = 1 << 12, SKB_GSO_TUNNEL_REMCSUM = 1 << 13, SKB_GSO_SCTP = 1 << 14, SKB_GSO_ESP = 1 << 15, SKB_GSO_UDP = 1 << 16, SKB_GSO_UDP_L4 = 1 << 17, SKB_GSO_FRAGLIST = 1 << 18, }; #if BITS_PER_LONG > 32 #define NET_SKBUFF_DATA_USES_OFFSET 1 #endif #ifdef NET_SKBUFF_DATA_USES_OFFSET typedef unsigned int sk_buff_data_t; #else typedef unsigned char *sk_buff_data_t; #endif /** * struct sk_buff - socket buffer * @next: Next buffer in list * @prev: Previous buffer in list * @tstamp: Time we arrived/left * @skb_mstamp_ns: (aka @tstamp) earliest departure time; start point * for retransmit timer * @rbnode: RB tree node, alternative to next/prev for netem/tcp * @list: queue head * @sk: Socket we are owned by * @ip_defrag_offset: (aka @sk) alternate use of @sk, used in * fragmentation management * @dev: Device we arrived on/are leaving by * @dev_scratch: (aka @dev) alternate use of @dev when @dev would be %NULL * @cb: Control buffer. Free for use by every layer. Put private vars here * @_skb_refdst: destination entry (with norefcount bit) * @sp: the security path, used for xfrm * @len: Length of actual data * @data_len: Data length * @mac_len: Length of link layer header * @hdr_len: writable header length of cloned skb * @csum: Checksum (must include start/offset pair) * @csum_start: Offset from skb->head where checksumming should start * @csum_offset: Offset from csum_start where checksum should be stored * @priority: Packet queueing priority * @ignore_df: allow local fragmentation * @cloned: Head may be cloned (check refcnt to be sure) * @ip_summed: Driver fed us an IP checksum * @nohdr: Payload reference only, must not modify header * @pkt_type: Packet class * @fclone: skbuff clone status * @ipvs_property: skbuff is owned by ipvs * @inner_protocol_type: whether the inner protocol is * ENCAP_TYPE_ETHER or ENCAP_TYPE_IPPROTO * @remcsum_offload: remote checksum offload is enabled * @offload_fwd_mark: Packet was L2-forwarded in hardware * @offload_l3_fwd_mark: Packet was L3-forwarded in hardware * @tc_skip_classify: do not classify packet. set by IFB device * @tc_at_ingress: used within tc_classify to distinguish in/egress * @redirected: packet was redirected by packet classifier * @from_ingress: packet was redirected from the ingress path * @peeked: this packet has been seen already, so stats have been * done for it, don't do them again * @nf_trace: netfilter packet trace flag * @protocol: Packet protocol from driver * @destructor: Destruct function * @tcp_tsorted_anchor: list structure for TCP (tp->tsorted_sent_queue) * @_nfct: Associated connection, if any (with nfctinfo bits) * @nf_bridge: Saved data about a bridged frame - see br_netfilter.c * @skb_iif: ifindex of device we arrived on * @tc_index: Traffic control index * @hash: the packet hash * @queue_mapping: Queue mapping for multiqueue devices * @head_frag: skb was allocated from page fragments, * not allocated by kmalloc() or vmalloc(). * @pfmemalloc: skbuff was allocated from PFMEMALLOC reserves * @active_extensions: active extensions (skb_ext_id types) * @ndisc_nodetype: router type (from link layer) * @ooo_okay: allow the mapping of a socket to a queue to be changed * @l4_hash: indicate hash is a canonical 4-tuple hash over transport * ports. * @sw_hash: indicates hash was computed in software stack * @wifi_acked_valid: wifi_acked was set * @wifi_acked: whether frame was acked on wifi or not * @no_fcs: Request NIC to treat last 4 bytes as Ethernet FCS * @encapsulation: indicates the inner headers in the skbuff are valid * @encap_hdr_csum: software checksum is needed * @csum_valid: checksum is already valid * @csum_not_inet: use CRC32c to resolve CHECKSUM_PARTIAL * @csum_complete_sw: checksum was completed by software * @csum_level: indicates the number of consecutive checksums found in * the packet minus one that have been verified as * CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY (max 3) * @dst_pending_confirm: need to confirm neighbour * @decrypted: Decrypted SKB * @napi_id: id of the NAPI struct this skb came from * @sender_cpu: (aka @napi_id) source CPU in XPS * @secmark: security marking * @mark: Generic packet mark * @reserved_tailroom: (aka @mark) number of bytes of free space available * at the tail of an sk_buff * @vlan_present: VLAN tag is present * @vlan_proto: vlan encapsulation protocol * @vlan_tci: vlan tag control information * @inner_protocol: Protocol (encapsulation) * @inner_ipproto: (aka @inner_protocol) stores ipproto when * skb->inner_protocol_type == ENCAP_TYPE_IPPROTO; * @inner_transport_header: Inner transport layer header (encapsulation) * @inner_network_header: Network layer header (encapsulation) * @inner_mac_header: Link layer header (encapsulation) * @transport_header: Transport layer header * @network_header: Network layer header * @mac_header: Link layer header * @tail: Tail pointer * @end: End pointer * @head: Head of buffer * @data: Data head pointer * @truesize: Buffer size * @users: User count - see {datagram,tcp}.c * @extensions: allocated extensions, valid if active_extensions is nonzero */ struct sk_buff { union { struct { /* These two members must be first. */ struct sk_buff *next; struct sk_buff *prev; union { struct net_device *dev; /* Some protocols might use this space to store information, * while device pointer would be NULL. * UDP receive path is one user. */ unsigned long dev_scratch; }; }; struct rb_node rbnode; /* used in netem, ip4 defrag, and tcp stack */ struct list_head list; }; union { struct sock *sk; int ip_defrag_offset; }; union { ktime_t tstamp; u64 skb_mstamp_ns; /* earliest departure time */ }; /* * This is the control buffer. It is free to use for every * layer. Please put your private variables there. If you * want to keep them across layers you have to do a skb_clone() * first. This is owned by whoever has the skb queued ATM. */ char cb[48] __aligned(8); union { struct { unsigned long _skb_refdst; void (*destructor)(struct sk_buff *skb); }; struct list_head tcp_tsorted_anchor; }; #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) || defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MODULE) unsigned long _nfct; #endif unsigned int len, data_len; __u16 mac_len, hdr_len; /* Following fields are _not_ copied in __copy_skb_header() * Note that queue_mapping is here mostly to fill a hole. */ __u16 queue_mapping; /* if you move cloned around you also must adapt those constants */ #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN_BITFIELD #define CLONED_MASK (1 << 7) #else #define CLONED_MASK 1 #endif #define CLONED_OFFSET() offsetof(struct sk_buff, __cloned_offset) /* private: */ __u8 __cloned_offset[0]; /* public: */ __u8 cloned:1, nohdr:1, fclone:2, peeked:1, head_frag:1, pfmemalloc:1; #ifdef CONFIG_SKB_EXTENSIONS __u8 active_extensions; #endif /* fields enclosed in headers_start/headers_end are copied * using a single memcpy() in __copy_skb_header() */ /* private: */ __u32 headers_start[0]; /* public: */ /* if you move pkt_type around you also must adapt those constants */ #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN_BITFIELD #define PKT_TYPE_MAX (7 << 5) #else #define PKT_TYPE_MAX 7 #endif #define PKT_TYPE_OFFSET() offsetof(struct sk_buff, __pkt_type_offset) /* private: */ __u8 __pkt_type_offset[0]; /* public: */ __u8 pkt_type:3; __u8 ignore_df:1; __u8 nf_trace:1; __u8 ip_summed:2; __u8 ooo_okay:1; __u8 l4_hash:1; __u8 sw_hash:1; __u8 wifi_acked_valid:1; __u8 wifi_acked:1; __u8 no_fcs:1; /* Indicates the inner headers are valid in the skbuff. */ __u8 encapsulation:1; __u8 encap_hdr_csum:1; __u8 csum_valid:1; #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN_BITFIELD #define PKT_VLAN_PRESENT_BIT 7 #else #define PKT_VLAN_PRESENT_BIT 0 #endif #define PKT_VLAN_PRESENT_OFFSET() offsetof(struct sk_buff, __pkt_vlan_present_offset) /* private: */ __u8 __pkt_vlan_present_offset[0]; /* public: */ __u8 vlan_present:1; __u8 csum_complete_sw:1; __u8 csum_level:2; __u8 csum_not_inet:1; __u8 dst_pending_confirm:1; #ifdef CONFIG_IPV6_NDISC_NODETYPE __u8 ndisc_nodetype:2; #endif __u8 ipvs_property:1; __u8 inner_protocol_type:1; __u8 remcsum_offload:1; #ifdef CONFIG_NET_SWITCHDEV __u8 offload_fwd_mark:1; __u8 offload_l3_fwd_mark:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT __u8 tc_skip_classify:1; __u8 tc_at_ingress:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NET_REDIRECT __u8 redirected:1; __u8 from_ingress:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TLS_DEVICE __u8 decrypted:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NET_SCHED __u16 tc_index; /* traffic control index */ #endif union { __wsum csum; struct { __u16 csum_start; __u16 csum_offset; }; }; __u32 priority; int skb_iif; __u32 hash; __be16 vlan_proto; __u16 vlan_tci; #if defined(CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL) || defined(CONFIG_XPS) union { unsigned int napi_id; unsigned int sender_cpu; }; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NETWORK_SECMARK __u32 secmark; #endif union { __u32 mark; __u32 reserved_tailroom; }; union { __be16 inner_protocol; __u8 inner_ipproto; }; __u16 inner_transport_header; __u16 inner_network_header; __u16 inner_mac_header; __be16 protocol; __u16 transport_header; __u16 network_header; __u16 mac_header; /* private: */ __u32 headers_end[0]; /* public: */ /* These elements must be at the end, see alloc_skb() for details. */ sk_buff_data_t tail; sk_buff_data_t end; unsigned char *head, *data; unsigned int truesize; refcount_t users; #ifdef CONFIG_SKB_EXTENSIONS /* only useable after checking ->active_extensions != 0 */ struct skb_ext *extensions; #endif }; #ifdef __KERNEL__ /* * Handling routines are only of interest to the kernel */ #define SKB_ALLOC_FCLONE 0x01 #define SKB_ALLOC_RX 0x02 #define SKB_ALLOC_NAPI 0x04 /** * skb_pfmemalloc - Test if the skb was allocated from PFMEMALLOC reserves * @skb: buffer */ static inline bool skb_pfmemalloc(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return unlikely(skb->pfmemalloc); } /* * skb might have a dst pointer attached, refcounted or not. * _skb_refdst low order bit is set if refcount was _not_ taken */ #define SKB_DST_NOREF 1UL #define SKB_DST_PTRMASK ~(SKB_DST_NOREF) /** * skb_dst - returns skb dst_entry * @skb: buffer * * Returns skb dst_entry, regardless of reference taken or not. */ static inline struct dst_entry *skb_dst(const struct sk_buff *skb) { /* If refdst was not refcounted, check we still are in a * rcu_read_lock section */ WARN_ON((skb->_skb_refdst & SKB_DST_NOREF) && !rcu_read_lock_held() && !rcu_read_lock_bh_held()); return (struct dst_entry *)(skb->_skb_refdst & SKB_DST_PTRMASK); } /** * skb_dst_set - sets skb dst * @skb: buffer * @dst: dst entry * * Sets skb dst, assuming a reference was taken on dst and should * be released by skb_dst_drop() */ static inline void skb_dst_set(struct sk_buff *skb, struct dst_entry *dst) { skb->_skb_refdst = (unsigned long)dst; } /** * skb_dst_set_noref - sets skb dst, hopefully, without taking reference * @skb: buffer * @dst: dst entry * * Sets skb dst, assuming a reference was not taken on dst. * If dst entry is cached, we do not take reference and dst_release * will be avoided by refdst_drop. If dst entry is not cached, we take * reference, so that last dst_release can destroy the dst immediately. */ static inline void skb_dst_set_noref(struct sk_buff *skb, struct dst_entry *dst) { WARN_ON(!rcu_read_lock_held() && !rcu_read_lock_bh_held()); skb->_skb_refdst = (unsigned long)dst | SKB_DST_NOREF; } /** * skb_dst_is_noref - Test if skb dst isn't refcounted * @skb: buffer */ static inline bool skb_dst_is_noref(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (skb->_skb_refdst & SKB_DST_NOREF) && skb_dst(skb); } /** * skb_rtable - Returns the skb &rtable * @skb: buffer */ static inline struct rtable *skb_rtable(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct rtable *)skb_dst(skb); } /* For mangling skb->pkt_type from user space side from applications * such as nft, tc, etc, we only allow a conservative subset of * possible pkt_types to be set. */ static inline bool skb_pkt_type_ok(u32 ptype) { return ptype <= PACKET_OTHERHOST; } /** * skb_napi_id - Returns the skb's NAPI id * @skb: buffer */ static inline unsigned int skb_napi_id(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL return skb->napi_id; #else return 0; #endif } /** * skb_unref - decrement the skb's reference count * @skb: buffer * * Returns true if we can free the skb. */ static inline bool skb_unref(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (unlikely(!skb)) return false; if (likely(refcount_read(&skb->users) == 1)) smp_rmb(); else if (likely(!refcount_dec_and_test(&skb->users))) return false; return true; } void skb_release_head_state(struct sk_buff *skb); void kfree_skb(struct sk_buff *skb); void kfree_skb_list(struct sk_buff *segs); void skb_dump(const char *level, const struct sk_buff *skb, bool full_pkt); void skb_tx_error(struct sk_buff *skb); #ifdef CONFIG_TRACEPOINTS void consume_skb(struct sk_buff *skb); #else static inline void consume_skb(struct sk_buff *skb) { return kfree_skb(skb); } #endif void __consume_stateless_skb(struct sk_buff *skb); void __kfree_skb(struct sk_buff *skb); extern struct kmem_cache *skbuff_head_cache; void kfree_skb_partial(struct sk_buff *skb, bool head_stolen); bool skb_try_coalesce(struct sk_buff *to, struct sk_buff *from, bool *fragstolen, int *delta_truesize); struct sk_buff *__alloc_skb(unsigned int size, gfp_t priority, int flags, int node); struct sk_buff *__build_skb(void *data, unsigned int frag_size); struct sk_buff *build_skb(void *data, unsigned int frag_size); struct sk_buff *build_skb_around(struct sk_buff *skb, void *data, unsigned int frag_size); /** * alloc_skb - allocate a network buffer * @size: size to allocate * @priority: allocation mask * * This function is a convenient wrapper around __alloc_skb(). */ static inline struct sk_buff *alloc_skb(unsigned int size, gfp_t priority) { return __alloc_skb(size, priority, 0, NUMA_NO_NODE); } struct sk_buff *alloc_skb_with_frags(unsigned long header_len, unsigned long data_len, int max_page_order, int *errcode, gfp_t gfp_mask); struct sk_buff *alloc_skb_for_msg(struct sk_buff *first); /* Layout of fast clones : [skb1][skb2][fclone_ref] */ struct sk_buff_fclones { struct sk_buff skb1; struct sk_buff skb2; refcount_t fclone_ref; }; /** * skb_fclone_busy - check if fclone is busy * @sk: socket * @skb: buffer * * Returns true if skb is a fast clone, and its clone is not freed. * Some drivers call skb_orphan() in their ndo_start_xmit(), * so we also check that this didnt happen. */ static inline bool skb_fclone_busy(const struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb) { const struct sk_buff_fclones *fclones; fclones = container_of(skb, struct sk_buff_fclones, skb1); return skb->fclone == SKB_FCLONE_ORIG && refcount_read(&fclones->fclone_ref) > 1 && fclones->skb2.sk == sk; } /** * alloc_skb_fclone - allocate a network buffer from fclone cache * @size: size to allocate * @priority: allocation mask * * This function is a convenient wrapper around __alloc_skb(). */ static inline struct sk_buff *alloc_skb_fclone(unsigned int size, gfp_t priority) { return __alloc_skb(size, priority, SKB_ALLOC_FCLONE, NUMA_NO_NODE); } struct sk_buff *skb_morph(struct sk_buff *dst, struct sk_buff *src); void skb_headers_offset_update(struct sk_buff *skb, int off); int skb_copy_ubufs(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t gfp_mask); struct sk_buff *skb_clone(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t priority); void skb_copy_header(struct sk_buff *new, const struct sk_buff *old); struct sk_buff *skb_copy(const struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t priority); struct sk_buff *__pskb_copy_fclone(struct sk_buff *skb, int headroom, gfp_t gfp_mask, bool fclone); static inline struct sk_buff *__pskb_copy(struct sk_buff *skb, int headroom, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return __pskb_copy_fclone(skb, headroom, gfp_mask, false); } int pskb_expand_head(struct sk_buff *skb, int nhead, int ntail, gfp_t gfp_mask); struct sk_buff *skb_realloc_headroom(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int headroom); struct sk_buff *skb_copy_expand(const struct sk_buff *skb, int newheadroom, int newtailroom, gfp_t priority); int __must_check skb_to_sgvec_nomark(struct sk_buff *skb, struct scatterlist *sg, int offset, int len); int __must_check skb_to_sgvec(struct sk_buff *skb, struct scatterlist *sg, int offset, int len); int skb_cow_data(struct sk_buff *skb, int tailbits, struct sk_buff **trailer); int __skb_pad(struct sk_buff *skb, int pad, bool free_on_error); /** * skb_pad - zero pad the tail of an skb * @skb: buffer to pad * @pad: space to pad * * Ensure that a buffer is followed by a padding area that is zero * filled. Used by network drivers which may DMA or transfer data * beyond the buffer end onto the wire. * * May return error in out of memory cases. The skb is freed on error. */ static inline int skb_pad(struct sk_buff *skb, int pad) { return __skb_pad(skb, pad, true); } #define dev_kfree_skb(a) consume_skb(a) int skb_append_pagefrags(struct sk_buff *skb, struct page *page, int offset, size_t size); struct skb_seq_state { __u32 lower_offset; __u32 upper_offset; __u32 frag_idx; __u32 stepped_offset; struct sk_buff *root_skb; struct sk_buff *cur_skb; __u8 *frag_data; }; void skb_prepare_seq_read(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int from, unsigned int to, struct skb_seq_state *st); unsigned int skb_seq_read(unsigned int consumed, const u8 **data, struct skb_seq_state *st); void skb_abort_seq_read(struct skb_seq_state *st); unsigned int skb_find_text(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int from, unsigned int to, struct ts_config *config); /* * Packet hash types specify the type of hash in skb_set_hash. * * Hash types refer to the protocol layer addresses which are used to * construct a packet's hash. The hashes are used to differentiate or identify * flows of the protocol layer for the hash type. Hash types are either * layer-2 (L2), layer-3 (L3), or layer-4 (L4). * * Properties of hashes: * * 1) Two packets in different flows have different hash values * 2) Two packets in the same flow should have the same hash value * * A hash at a higher layer is considered to be more specific. A driver should * set the most specific hash possible. * * A driver cannot indicate a more specific hash than the layer at which a hash * was computed. For instance an L3 hash cannot be set as an L4 hash. * * A driver may indicate a hash level which is less specific than the * actual layer the hash was computed on. For instance, a hash computed * at L4 may be considered an L3 hash. This should only be done if the * driver can't unambiguously determine that the HW computed the hash at * the higher layer. Note that the "should" in the second property above * permits this. */ enum pkt_hash_types { PKT_HASH_TYPE_NONE, /* Undefined type */ PKT_HASH_TYPE_L2, /* Input: src_MAC, dest_MAC */ PKT_HASH_TYPE_L3, /* Input: src_IP, dst_IP */ PKT_HASH_TYPE_L4, /* Input: src_IP, dst_IP, src_port, dst_port */ }; static inline void skb_clear_hash(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->hash = 0; skb->sw_hash = 0; skb->l4_hash = 0; } static inline void skb_clear_hash_if_not_l4(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (!skb->l4_hash) skb_clear_hash(skb); } static inline void __skb_set_hash(struct sk_buff *skb, __u32 hash, bool is_sw, bool is_l4) { skb->l4_hash = is_l4; skb->sw_hash = is_sw; skb->hash = hash; } static inline void skb_set_hash(struct sk_buff *skb, __u32 hash, enum pkt_hash_types type) { /* Used by drivers to set hash from HW */ __skb_set_hash(skb, hash, false, type == PKT_HASH_TYPE_L4); } static inline void __skb_set_sw_hash(struct sk_buff *skb, __u32 hash, bool is_l4) { __skb_set_hash(skb, hash, true, is_l4); } void __skb_get_hash(struct sk_buff *skb); u32 __skb_get_hash_symmetric(const struct sk_buff *skb); u32 skb_get_poff(const struct sk_buff *skb); u32 __skb_get_poff(const struct sk_buff *skb, void *data, const struct flow_keys_basic *keys, int hlen); __be32 __skb_flow_get_ports(const struct sk_buff *skb, int thoff, u8 ip_proto, void *data, int hlen_proto); static inline __be32 skb_flow_get_ports(const struct sk_buff *skb, int thoff, u8 ip_proto) { return __skb_flow_get_ports(skb, thoff, ip_proto, NULL, 0); } void skb_flow_dissector_init(struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, const struct flow_dissector_key *key, unsigned int key_count); struct bpf_flow_dissector; bool bpf_flow_dissect(struct bpf_prog *prog, struct bpf_flow_dissector *ctx, __be16 proto, int nhoff, int hlen, unsigned int flags); bool __skb_flow_dissect(const struct net *net, const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container, void *data, __be16 proto, int nhoff, int hlen, unsigned int flags); static inline bool skb_flow_dissect(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container, unsigned int flags) { return __skb_flow_dissect(NULL, skb, flow_dissector, target_container, NULL, 0, 0, 0, flags); } static inline bool skb_flow_dissect_flow_keys(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_keys *flow, unsigned int flags) { memset(flow, 0, sizeof(*flow)); return __skb_flow_dissect(NULL, skb, &flow_keys_dissector, flow, NULL, 0, 0, 0, flags); } static inline bool skb_flow_dissect_flow_keys_basic(const struct net *net, const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_keys_basic *flow, void *data, __be16 proto, int nhoff, int hlen, unsigned int flags) { memset(flow, 0, sizeof(*flow)); return __skb_flow_dissect(net, skb, &flow_keys_basic_dissector, flow, data, proto, nhoff, hlen, flags); } void skb_flow_dissect_meta(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container); /* Gets a skb connection tracking info, ctinfo map should be a * map of mapsize to translate enum ip_conntrack_info states * to user states. */ void skb_flow_dissect_ct(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container, u16 *ctinfo_map, size_t mapsize); void skb_flow_dissect_tunnel_info(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container); void skb_flow_dissect_hash(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container); static inline __u32 skb_get_hash(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (!skb->l4_hash && !skb->sw_hash) __skb_get_hash(skb); return skb->hash; } static inline __u32 skb_get_hash_flowi6(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct flowi6 *fl6) { if (!skb->l4_hash && !skb->sw_hash) { struct flow_keys keys; __u32 hash = __get_hash_from_flowi6(fl6, &keys); __skb_set_sw_hash(skb, hash, flow_keys_have_l4(&keys)); } return skb->hash; } __u32 skb_get_hash_perturb(const struct sk_buff *skb, const siphash_key_t *perturb); static inline __u32 skb_get_hash_raw(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->hash; } static inline void skb_copy_hash(struct sk_buff *to, const struct sk_buff *from) { to->hash = from->hash; to->sw_hash = from->sw_hash; to->l4_hash = from->l4_hash; }; static inline void skb_copy_decrypted(struct sk_buff *to, const struct sk_buff *from) { #ifdef CONFIG_TLS_DEVICE to->decrypted = from->decrypted; #endif } #ifdef NET_SKBUFF_DATA_USES_OFFSET static inline unsigned char *skb_end_pointer(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->end; } static inline unsigned int skb_end_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->end; } #else static inline unsigned char *skb_end_pointer(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->end; } static inline unsigned int skb_end_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->end - skb->head; } #endif /* Internal */ #define skb_shinfo(SKB) ((struct skb_shared_info *)(skb_end_pointer(SKB))) static inline struct skb_shared_hwtstamps *skb_hwtstamps(struct sk_buff *skb) { return &skb_shinfo(skb)->hwtstamps; } static inline struct ubuf_info *skb_zcopy(struct sk_buff *skb) { bool is_zcopy = skb && skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags & SKBTX_DEV_ZEROCOPY; return is_zcopy ? skb_uarg(skb) : NULL; } static inline void skb_zcopy_set(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ubuf_info *uarg, bool *have_ref) { if (skb && uarg && !skb_zcopy(skb)) { if (unlikely(have_ref && *have_ref)) *have_ref = false; else sock_zerocopy_get(uarg); skb_shinfo(skb)->destructor_arg = uarg; skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags |= SKBTX_ZEROCOPY_FRAG; } } static inline void skb_zcopy_set_nouarg(struct sk_buff *skb, void *val) { skb_shinfo(skb)->destructor_arg = (void *)((uintptr_t) val | 0x1UL); skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags |= SKBTX_ZEROCOPY_FRAG; } static inline bool skb_zcopy_is_nouarg(struct sk_buff *skb) { return (uintptr_t) skb_shinfo(skb)->destructor_arg & 0x1UL; } static inline void *skb_zcopy_get_nouarg(struct sk_buff *skb) { return (void *)((uintptr_t) skb_shinfo(skb)->destructor_arg & ~0x1UL); } /* Release a reference on a zerocopy structure */ static inline void skb_zcopy_clear(struct sk_buff *skb, bool zerocopy) { struct ubuf_info *uarg = skb_zcopy(skb); if (uarg) { if (skb_zcopy_is_nouarg(skb)) { /* no notification callback */ } else if (uarg->callback == sock_zerocopy_callback) { uarg->zerocopy = uarg->zerocopy && zerocopy; sock_zerocopy_put(uarg); } else { uarg->callback(uarg, zerocopy); } skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags &= ~SKBTX_ZEROCOPY_FRAG; } } /* Abort a zerocopy operation and revert zckey on error in send syscall */ static inline void skb_zcopy_abort(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct ubuf_info *uarg = skb_zcopy(skb); if (uarg) { sock_zerocopy_put_abort(uarg, false); skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags &= ~SKBTX_ZEROCOPY_FRAG; } } static inline void skb_mark_not_on_list(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->next = NULL; } /* Iterate through singly-linked GSO fragments of an skb. */ #define skb_list_walk_safe(first, skb, next_skb) \ for ((skb) = (first), (next_skb) = (skb) ? (skb)->next : NULL; (skb); \ (skb) = (next_skb), (next_skb) = (skb) ? (skb)->next : NULL) static inline void skb_list_del_init(struct sk_buff *skb) { __list_del_entry(&skb->list); skb_mark_not_on_list(skb); } /** * skb_queue_empty - check if a queue is empty * @list: queue head * * Returns true if the queue is empty, false otherwise. */ static inline int skb_queue_empty(const struct sk_buff_head *list) { return list->next == (const struct sk_buff *) list; } /** * skb_queue_empty_lockless - check if a queue is empty * @list: queue head * * Returns true if the queue is empty, false otherwise. * This variant can be used in lockless contexts. */ static inline bool skb_queue_empty_lockless(const struct sk_buff_head *list) { return READ_ONCE(list->next) == (const struct sk_buff *) list; } /** * skb_queue_is_last - check if skb is the last entry in the queue * @list: queue head * @skb: buffer * * Returns true if @skb is the last buffer on the list. */ static inline bool skb_queue_is_last(const struct sk_buff_head *list, const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->next == (const struct sk_buff *) list; } /** * skb_queue_is_first - check if skb is the first entry in the queue * @list: queue head * @skb: buffer * * Returns true if @skb is the first buffer on the list. */ static inline bool skb_queue_is_first(const struct sk_buff_head *list, const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->prev == (const struct sk_buff *) list; } /** * skb_queue_next - return the next packet in the queue * @list: queue head * @skb: current buffer * * Return the next packet in @list after @skb. It is only valid to * call this if skb_queue_is_last() evaluates to false. */ static inline struct sk_buff *skb_queue_next(const struct sk_buff_head *list, const struct sk_buff *skb) { /* This BUG_ON may seem severe, but if we just return then we * are going to dereference garbage. */ BUG_ON(skb_queue_is_last(list, skb)); return skb->next; } /** * skb_queue_prev - return the prev packet in the queue * @list: queue head * @skb: current buffer * * Return the prev packet in @list before @skb. It is only valid to * call this if skb_queue_is_first() evaluates to false. */ static inline struct sk_buff *skb_queue_prev(const struct sk_buff_head *list, const struct sk_buff *skb) { /* This BUG_ON may seem severe, but if we just return then we * are going to dereference garbage. */ BUG_ON(skb_queue_is_first(list, skb)); return skb->prev; } /** * skb_get - reference buffer * @skb: buffer to reference * * Makes another reference to a socket buffer and returns a pointer * to the buffer. */ static inline struct sk_buff *skb_get(struct sk_buff *skb) { refcount_inc(&skb->users); return skb; } /* * If users == 1, we are the only owner and can avoid redundant atomic changes. */ /** * skb_cloned - is the buffer a clone * @skb: buffer to check * * Returns true if the buffer was generated with skb_clone() and is * one of multiple shared copies of the buffer. Cloned buffers are * shared data so must not be written to under normal circumstances. */ static inline int skb_cloned(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->cloned && (atomic_read(&skb_shinfo(skb)->dataref) & SKB_DATAREF_MASK) != 1; } static inline int skb_unclone(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t pri) { might_sleep_if(gfpflags_allow_blocking(pri)); if (skb_cloned(skb)) return pskb_expand_head(skb, 0, 0, pri); return 0; } /** * skb_header_cloned - is the header a clone * @skb: buffer to check * * Returns true if modifying the header part of the buffer requires * the data to be copied. */ static inline int skb_header_cloned(const struct sk_buff *skb) { int dataref; if (!skb->cloned) return 0; dataref = atomic_read(&skb_shinfo(skb)->dataref); dataref = (dataref & SKB_DATAREF_MASK) - (dataref >> SKB_DATAREF_SHIFT); return dataref != 1; } static inline int skb_header_unclone(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t pri) { might_sleep_if(gfpflags_allow_blocking(pri)); if (skb_header_cloned(skb)) return pskb_expand_head(skb, 0, 0, pri); return 0; } /** * __skb_header_release - release reference to header * @skb: buffer to operate on */ static inline void __skb_header_release(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->nohdr = 1; atomic_set(&skb_shinfo(skb)->dataref, 1 + (1 << SKB_DATAREF_SHIFT)); } /** * skb_shared - is the buffer shared * @skb: buffer to check * * Returns true if more than one person has a reference to this * buffer. */ static inline int skb_shared(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return refcount_read(&skb->users) != 1; } /** * skb_share_check - check if buffer is shared and if so clone it * @skb: buffer to check * @pri: priority for memory allocation * * If the buffer is shared the buffer is cloned and the old copy * drops a reference. A new clone with a single reference is returned. * If the buffer is not shared the original buffer is returned. When * being called from interrupt status or with spinlocks held pri must * be GFP_ATOMIC. * * NULL is returned on a memory allocation failure. */ static inline struct sk_buff *skb_share_check(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t pri) { might_sleep_if(gfpflags_allow_blocking(pri)); if (skb_shared(skb)) { struct sk_buff *nskb = skb_clone(skb, pri); if (likely(nskb)) consume_skb(skb); else kfree_skb(skb); skb = nskb; } return skb; } /* * Copy shared buffers into a new sk_buff. We effectively do COW on * packets to handle cases where we have a local reader and forward * and a couple of other messy ones. The normal one is tcpdumping * a packet thats being forwarded. */ /** * skb_unshare - make a copy of a shared buffer * @skb: buffer to check * @pri: priority for memory allocation * * If the socket buffer is a clone then this function creates a new * copy of the data, drops a reference count on the old copy and returns * the new copy with the reference count at 1. If the buffer is not a clone * the original buffer is returned. When called with a spinlock held or * from interrupt state @pri must be %GFP_ATOMIC * * %NULL is returned on a memory allocation failure. */ static inline struct sk_buff *skb_unshare(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t pri) { might_sleep_if(gfpflags_allow_blocking(pri)); if (skb_cloned(skb)) { struct sk_buff *nskb = skb_copy(skb, pri); /* Free our shared copy */ if (likely(nskb)) consume_skb(skb); else kfree_skb(skb); skb = nskb; } return skb; } /** * skb_peek - peek at the head of an &sk_buff_head * @list_: list to peek at * * Peek an &sk_buff. Unlike most other operations you _MUST_ * be careful with this one. A peek leaves the buffer on the * list and someone else may run off with it. You must hold * the appropriate locks or have a private queue to do this. * * Returns %NULL for an empty list or a pointer to the head element. * The reference count is not incremented and the reference is therefore * volatile. Use with caution. */ static inline struct sk_buff *skb_peek(const struct sk_buff_head *list_) { struct sk_buff *skb = list_->next; if (skb == (struct sk_buff *)list_) skb = NULL; return skb; } /** * __skb_peek - peek at the head of a non-empty &sk_buff_head * @list_: list to peek at * * Like skb_peek(), but the caller knows that the list is not empty. */ static inline struct sk_buff *__skb_peek(const struct sk_buff_head *list_) { return list_->next; } /** * skb_peek_next - peek skb following the given one from a queue * @skb: skb to start from * @list_: list to peek at * * Returns %NULL when the end of the list is met or a pointer to the * next element. The reference count is not incremented and the * reference is therefore volatile. Use with caution. */ static inline struct sk_buff *skb_peek_next(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct sk_buff_head *list_) { struct sk_buff *next = skb->next; if (next == (struct sk_buff *)list_) next = NULL; return next; } /** * skb_peek_tail - peek at the tail of an &sk_buff_head * @list_: list to peek at * * Peek an &sk_buff. Unlike most other operations you _MUST_ * be careful with this one. A peek leaves the buffer on the * list and someone else may run off with it. You must hold * the appropriate locks or have a private queue to do this. * * Returns %NULL for an empty list or a pointer to the tail element. * The reference count is not incremented and the reference is therefore * volatile. Use with caution. */ static inline struct sk_buff *skb_peek_tail(const struct sk_buff_head *list_) { struct sk_buff *skb = READ_ONCE(list_->prev); if (skb == (struct sk_buff *)list_) skb = NULL; return skb; } /** * skb_queue_len - get queue length * @list_: list to measure * * Return the length of an &sk_buff queue. */ static inline __u32 skb_queue_len(const struct sk_buff_head *list_) { return list_->qlen; } /** * skb_queue_len_lockless - get queue length * @list_: list to measure * * Return the length of an &sk_buff queue. * This variant can be used in lockless contexts. */ static inline __u32 skb_queue_len_lockless(const struct sk_buff_head *list_) { return READ_ONCE(list_->qlen); } /** * __skb_queue_head_init - initialize non-spinlock portions of sk_buff_head * @list: queue to initialize * * This initializes only the list and queue length aspects of * an sk_buff_head object. This allows to initialize the list * aspects of an sk_buff_head without reinitializing things like * the spinlock. It can also be used for on-stack sk_buff_head * objects where the spinlock is known to not be used. */ static inline void __skb_queue_head_init(struct sk_buff_head *list) { list->prev = list->next = (struct sk_buff *)list; list->qlen = 0; } /* * This function creates a split out lock class for each invocation; * this is needed for now since a whole lot of users of the skb-queue * infrastructure in drivers have different locking usage (in hardirq) * than the networking core (in softirq only). In the long run either the * network layer or drivers should need annotation to consolidate the * main types of usage into 3 classes. */ static inline void skb_queue_head_init(struct sk_buff_head *list) { spin_lock_init(&list->lock); __skb_queue_head_init(list); } static inline void skb_queue_head_init_class(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct lock_class_key *class) { skb_queue_head_init(list); lockdep_set_class(&list->lock, class); } /* * Insert an sk_buff on a list. * * The "__skb_xxxx()" functions are the non-atomic ones that * can only be called with interrupts disabled. */ static inline void __skb_insert(struct sk_buff *newsk, struct sk_buff *prev, struct sk_buff *next, struct sk_buff_head *list) { /* See skb_queue_empty_lockless() and skb_peek_tail() * for the opposite READ_ONCE() */ WRITE_ONCE(newsk->next, next); WRITE_ONCE(newsk->prev, prev); WRITE_ONCE(next->prev, newsk); WRITE_ONCE(prev->next, newsk); WRITE_ONCE(list->qlen, list->qlen + 1); } static inline void __skb_queue_splice(const struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff *prev, struct sk_buff *next) { struct sk_buff *first = list->next; struct sk_buff *last = list->prev; WRITE_ONCE(first->prev, prev); WRITE_ONCE(prev->next, first); WRITE_ONCE(last->next, next); WRITE_ONCE(next->prev, last); } /** * skb_queue_splice - join two skb lists, this is designed for stacks * @list: the new list to add * @head: the place to add it in the first list */ static inline void skb_queue_splice(const struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff_head *head) { if (!skb_queue_empty(list)) { __skb_queue_splice(list, (struct sk_buff *) head, head->next); head->qlen += list->qlen; } } /** * skb_queue_splice_init - join two skb lists and reinitialise the emptied list * @list: the new list to add * @head: the place to add it in the first list * * The list at @list is reinitialised */ static inline void skb_queue_splice_init(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff_head *head) { if (!skb_queue_empty(list)) { __skb_queue_splice(list, (struct sk_buff *) head, head->next); head->qlen += list->qlen; __skb_queue_head_init(list); } } /** * skb_queue_splice_tail - join two skb lists, each list being a queue * @list: the new list to add * @head: the place to add it in the first list */ static inline void skb_queue_splice_tail(const struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff_head *head) { if (!skb_queue_empty(list)) { __skb_queue_splice(list, head->prev, (struct sk_buff *) head); head->qlen += list->qlen; } } /** * skb_queue_splice_tail_init - join two skb lists and reinitialise the emptied list * @list: the new list to add * @head: the place to add it in the first list * * Each of the lists is a queue. * The list at @list is reinitialised */ static inline void skb_queue_splice_tail_init(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff_head *head) { if (!skb_queue_empty(list)) { __skb_queue_splice(list, head->prev, (struct sk_buff *) head); head->qlen += list->qlen; __skb_queue_head_init(list); } } /** * __skb_queue_after - queue a buffer at the list head * @list: list to use * @prev: place after this buffer * @newsk: buffer to queue * * Queue a buffer int the middle of a list. This function takes no locks * and you must therefore hold required locks before calling it. * * A buffer cannot be placed on two lists at the same time. */ static inline void __skb_queue_after(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff *prev, struct sk_buff *newsk) { __skb_insert(newsk, prev, prev->next, list); } void skb_append(struct sk_buff *old, struct sk_buff *newsk, struct sk_buff_head *list); static inline void __skb_queue_before(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff *next, struct sk_buff *newsk) { __skb_insert(newsk, next->prev, next, list); } /** * __skb_queue_head - queue a buffer at the list head * @list: list to use * @newsk: buffer to queue * * Queue a buffer at the start of a list. This function takes no locks * and you must therefore hold required locks before calling it. * * A buffer cannot be placed on two lists at the same time. */ static inline void __skb_queue_head(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff *newsk) { __skb_queue_after(list, (struct sk_buff *)list, newsk); } void skb_queue_head(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff *newsk); /** * __skb_queue_tail - queue a buffer at the list tail * @list: list to use * @newsk: buffer to queue * * Queue a buffer at the end of a list. This function takes no locks * and you must therefore hold required locks before calling it. * * A buffer cannot be placed on two lists at the same time. */ static inline void __skb_queue_tail(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff *newsk) { __skb_queue_before(list, (struct sk_buff *)list, newsk); } void skb_queue_tail(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff *newsk); /* * remove sk_buff from list. _Must_ be called atomically, and with * the list known.. */ void skb_unlink(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sk_buff_head *list); static inline void __skb_unlink(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sk_buff_head *list) { struct sk_buff *next, *prev; WRITE_ONCE(list->qlen, list->qlen - 1); next = skb->next; prev = skb->prev; skb->next = skb->prev = NULL; WRITE_ONCE(next->prev, prev); WRITE_ONCE(prev->next, next); } /** * __skb_dequeue - remove from the head of the queue * @list: list to dequeue from * * Remove the head of the list. This function does not take any locks * so must be used with appropriate locks held only. The head item is * returned or %NULL if the list is empty. */ static inline struct sk_buff *__skb_dequeue(struct sk_buff_head *list) { struct sk_buff *skb = skb_peek(list); if (skb) __skb_unlink(skb, list); return skb; } struct sk_buff *skb_dequeue(struct sk_buff_head *list); /** * __skb_dequeue_tail - remove from the tail of the queue * @list: list to dequeue from * * Remove the tail of the list. This function does not take any locks * so must be used with appropriate locks held only. The tail item is * returned or %NULL if the list is empty. */ static inline struct sk_buff *__skb_dequeue_tail(struct sk_buff_head *list) { struct sk_buff *skb = skb_peek_tail(list); if (skb) __skb_unlink(skb, list); return skb; } struct sk_buff *skb_dequeue_tail(struct sk_buff_head *list); static inline bool skb_is_nonlinear(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->data_len; } static inline unsigned int skb_headlen(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->len - skb->data_len; } static inline unsigned int __skb_pagelen(const struct sk_buff *skb) { unsigned int i, len = 0; for (i = skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags - 1; (int)i >= 0; i--) len += skb_frag_size(&skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[i]); return len; } static inline unsigned int skb_pagelen(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_headlen(skb) + __skb_pagelen(skb); } /** * __skb_fill_page_desc - initialise a paged fragment in an skb * @skb: buffer containing fragment to be initialised * @i: paged fragment index to initialise * @page: the page to use for this fragment * @off: the offset to the data with @page * @size: the length of the data * * Initialises the @i'th fragment of @skb to point to &size bytes at * offset @off within @page. * * Does not take any additional reference on the fragment. */ static inline void __skb_fill_page_desc(struct sk_buff *skb, int i, struct page *page, int off, int size) { skb_frag_t *frag = &skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[i]; /* * Propagate page pfmemalloc to the skb if we can. The problem is * that not all callers have unique ownership of the page but rely * on page_is_pfmemalloc doing the right thing(tm). */ frag->bv_page = page; frag->bv_offset = off; skb_frag_size_set(frag, size); page = compound_head(page); if (page_is_pfmemalloc(page)) skb->pfmemalloc = true; } /** * skb_fill_page_desc - initialise a paged fragment in an skb * @skb: buffer containing fragment to be initialised * @i: paged fragment index to initialise * @page: the page to use for this fragment * @off: the offset to the data with @page * @size: the length of the data * * As per __skb_fill_page_desc() -- initialises the @i'th fragment of * @skb to point to @size bytes at offset @off within @page. In * addition updates @skb such that @i is the last fragment. * * Does not take any additional reference on the fragment. */ static inline void skb_fill_page_desc(struct sk_buff *skb, int i, struct page *page, int off, int size) { __skb_fill_page_desc(skb, i, page, off, size); skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags = i + 1; } void skb_add_rx_frag(struct sk_buff *skb, int i, struct page *page, int off, int size, unsigned int truesize); void skb_coalesce_rx_frag(struct sk_buff *skb, int i, int size, unsigned int truesize); #define SKB_LINEAR_ASSERT(skb) BUG_ON(skb_is_nonlinear(skb)) #ifdef NET_SKBUFF_DATA_USES_OFFSET static inline unsigned char *skb_tail_pointer(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->tail; } static inline void skb_reset_tail_pointer(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->tail = skb->data - skb->head; } static inline void skb_set_tail_pointer(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset) { skb_reset_tail_pointer(skb); skb->tail += offset; } #else /* NET_SKBUFF_DATA_USES_OFFSET */ static inline unsigned char *skb_tail_pointer(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->tail; } static inline void skb_reset_tail_pointer(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->tail = skb->data; } static inline void skb_set_tail_pointer(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset) { skb->tail = skb->data + offset; } #endif /* NET_SKBUFF_DATA_USES_OFFSET */ /* * Add data to an sk_buff */ void *pskb_put(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sk_buff *tail, int len); void *skb_put(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len); static inline void *__skb_put(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { void *tmp = skb_tail_pointer(skb); SKB_LINEAR_ASSERT(skb); skb->tail += len; skb->len += len; return tmp; } static inline void *__skb_put_zero(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { void *tmp = __skb_put(skb, len); memset(tmp, 0, len); return tmp; } static inline void *__skb_put_data(struct sk_buff *skb, const void *data, unsigned int len) { void *tmp = __skb_put(skb, len); memcpy(tmp, data, len); return tmp; } static inline void __skb_put_u8(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 val) { *(u8 *)__skb_put(skb, 1) = val; } static inline void *skb_put_zero(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { void *tmp = skb_put(skb, len); memset(tmp, 0, len); return tmp; } static inline void *skb_put_data(struct sk_buff *skb, const void *data, unsigned int len) { void *tmp = skb_put(skb, len); memcpy(tmp, data, len); return tmp; } static inline void skb_put_u8(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 val) { *(u8 *)skb_put(skb, 1) = val; } void *skb_push(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len); static inline void *__skb_push(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { skb->data -= len; skb->len += len; return skb->data; } void *skb_pull(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len); static inline void *__skb_pull(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { skb->len -= len; BUG_ON(skb->len < skb->data_len); return skb->data += len; } static inline void *skb_pull_inline(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { return unlikely(len > skb->len) ? NULL : __skb_pull(skb, len); } void *__pskb_pull_tail(struct sk_buff *skb, int delta); static inline void *__pskb_pull(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { if (len > skb_headlen(skb) && !__pskb_pull_tail(skb, len - skb_headlen(skb))) return NULL; skb->len -= len; return skb->data += len; } static inline void *pskb_pull(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { return unlikely(len > skb->len) ? NULL : __pskb_pull(skb, len); } static inline bool pskb_may_pull(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { if (likely(len <= skb_headlen(skb))) return true; if (unlikely(len > skb->len)) return false; return __pskb_pull_tail(skb, len - skb_headlen(skb)) != NULL; } void skb_condense(struct sk_buff *skb); /** * skb_headroom - bytes at buffer head * @skb: buffer to check * * Return the number of bytes of free space at the head of an &sk_buff. */ static inline unsigned int skb_headroom(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->data - skb->head; } /** * skb_tailroom - bytes at buffer end * @skb: buffer to check * * Return the number of bytes of free space at the tail of an sk_buff */ static inline int skb_tailroom(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_is_nonlinear(skb) ? 0 : skb->end - skb->tail; } /** * skb_availroom - bytes at buffer end * @skb: buffer to check * * Return the number of bytes of free space at the tail of an sk_buff * allocated by sk_stream_alloc() */ static inline int skb_availroom(const struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb_is_nonlinear(skb)) return 0; return skb->end - skb->tail - skb->reserved_tailroom; } /** * skb_reserve - adjust headroom * @skb: buffer to alter * @len: bytes to move * * Increase the headroom of an empty &sk_buff by reducing the tail * room. This is only allowed for an empty buffer. */ static inline void skb_reserve(struct sk_buff *skb, int len) { skb->data += len; skb->tail += len; } /** * skb_tailroom_reserve - adjust reserved_tailroom * @skb: buffer to alter * @mtu: maximum amount of headlen permitted * @needed_tailroom: minimum amount of reserved_tailroom * * Set reserved_tailroom so that headlen can be as large as possible but * not larger than mtu and tailroom cannot be smaller than * needed_tailroom. * The required headroom should already have been reserved before using * this function. */ static inline void skb_tailroom_reserve(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int mtu, unsigned int needed_tailroom) { SKB_LINEAR_ASSERT(skb); if (mtu < skb_tailroom(skb) - needed_tailroom) /* use at most mtu */ skb->reserved_tailroom = skb_tailroom(skb) - mtu; else /* use up to all available space */ skb->reserved_tailroom = needed_tailroom; } #define ENCAP_TYPE_ETHER 0 #define ENCAP_TYPE_IPPROTO 1 static inline void skb_set_inner_protocol(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 protocol) { skb->inner_protocol = protocol; skb->inner_protocol_type = ENCAP_TYPE_ETHER; } static inline void skb_set_inner_ipproto(struct sk_buff *skb, __u8 ipproto) { skb->inner_ipproto = ipproto; skb->inner_protocol_type = ENCAP_TYPE_IPPROTO; } static inline void skb_reset_inner_headers(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->inner_mac_header = skb->mac_header; skb->inner_network_header = skb->network_header; skb->inner_transport_header = skb->transport_header; } static inline void skb_reset_mac_len(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->mac_len = skb->network_header - skb->mac_header; } static inline unsigned char *skb_inner_transport_header(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->inner_transport_header; } static inline int skb_inner_transport_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_inner_transport_header(skb) - skb->data; } static inline void skb_reset_inner_transport_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->inner_transport_header = skb->data - skb->head; } static inline void skb_set_inner_transport_header(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset) { skb_reset_inner_transport_header(skb); skb->inner_transport_header += offset; } static inline unsigned char *skb_inner_network_header(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->inner_network_header; } static inline void skb_reset_inner_network_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->inner_network_header = skb->data - skb->head; } static inline void skb_set_inner_network_header(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset) { skb_reset_inner_network_header(skb); skb->inner_network_header += offset; } static inline unsigned char *skb_inner_mac_header(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->inner_mac_header; } static inline void skb_reset_inner_mac_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->inner_mac_header = skb->data - skb->head; } static inline void skb_set_inner_mac_header(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset) { skb_reset_inner_mac_header(skb); skb->inner_mac_header += offset; } static inline bool skb_transport_header_was_set(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->transport_header != (typeof(skb->transport_header))~0U; } static inline unsigned char *skb_transport_header(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->transport_header; } static inline void skb_reset_transport_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->transport_header = skb->data - skb->head; } static inline void skb_set_transport_header(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset) { skb_reset_transport_header(skb); skb->transport_header += offset; } static inline unsigned char *skb_network_header(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->network_header; } static inline void skb_reset_network_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->network_header = skb->data - skb->head; } static inline void skb_set_network_header(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset) { skb_reset_network_header(skb); skb->network_header += offset; } static inline unsigned char *skb_mac_header(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->mac_header; } static inline int skb_mac_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_mac_header(skb) - skb->data; } static inline u32 skb_mac_header_len(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->network_header - skb->mac_header; } static inline int skb_mac_header_was_set(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->mac_header != (typeof(skb->mac_header))~0U; } static inline void skb_unset_mac_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->mac_header = (typeof(skb->mac_header))~0U; } static inline void skb_reset_mac_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->mac_header = skb->data - skb->head; } static inline void skb_set_mac_header(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset) { skb_reset_mac_header(skb); skb->mac_header += offset; } static inline void skb_pop_mac_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->mac_header = skb->network_header; } static inline void skb_probe_transport_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct flow_keys_basic keys; if (skb_transport_header_was_set(skb)) return; if (skb_flow_dissect_flow_keys_basic(NULL, skb, &keys, NULL, 0, 0, 0, 0)) skb_set_transport_header(skb, keys.control.thoff); } static inline void skb_mac_header_rebuild(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb_mac_header_was_set(skb)) { const unsigned char *old_mac = skb_mac_header(skb); skb_set_mac_header(skb, -skb->mac_len); memmove(skb_mac_header(skb), old_mac, skb->mac_len); } } static inline int skb_checksum_start_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->csum_start - skb_headroom(skb); } static inline unsigned char *skb_checksum_start(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->csum_start; } static inline int skb_transport_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_transport_header(skb) - skb->data; } static inline u32 skb_network_header_len(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->transport_header - skb->network_header; } static inline u32 skb_inner_network_header_len(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->inner_transport_header - skb->inner_network_header; } static inline int skb_network_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_network_header(skb) - skb->data; } static inline int skb_inner_network_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_inner_network_header(skb) - skb->data; } static inline int pskb_network_may_pull(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { return pskb_may_pull(skb, skb_network_offset(skb) + len); } /* * CPUs often take a performance hit when accessing unaligned memory * locations. The actual performance hit varies, it can be small if the * hardware handles it or large if we have to take an exception and fix it * in software. * * Since an ethernet header is 14 bytes network drivers often end up with * the IP header at an unaligned offset. The IP header can be aligned by * shifting the start of the packet by 2 bytes. Drivers should do this * with: * * skb_reserve(skb, NET_IP_ALIGN); * * The downside to this alignment of the IP header is that the DMA is now * unaligned. On some architectures the cost of an unaligned DMA is high * and this cost outweighs the gains made by aligning the IP header. * * Since this trade off varies between architectures, we allow NET_IP_ALIGN * to be overridden. */ #ifndef NET_IP_ALIGN #define NET_IP_ALIGN 2 #endif /* * The networking layer reserves some headroom in skb data (via * dev_alloc_skb). This is used to avoid having to reallocate skb data when * the header has to grow. In the default case, if the header has to grow * 32 bytes or less we avoid the reallocation. * * Unfortunately this headroom changes the DMA alignment of the resulting * network packet. As for NET_IP_ALIGN, this unaligned DMA is expensive * on some architectures. An architecture can override this value, * perhaps setting it to a cacheline in size (since that will maintain * cacheline alignment of the DMA). It must be a power of 2. * * Various parts of the networking layer expect at least 32 bytes of * headroom, you should not reduce this. * * Using max(32, L1_CACHE_BYTES) makes sense (especially with RPS) * to reduce average number of cache lines per packet. * get_rps_cpu() for example only access one 64 bytes aligned block : * NET_IP_ALIGN(2) + ethernet_header(14) + IP_header(20/40) + ports(8) */ #ifndef NET_SKB_PAD #define NET_SKB_PAD max(32, L1_CACHE_BYTES) #endif int ___pskb_trim(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len); static inline void __skb_set_length(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { if (WARN_ON(skb_is_nonlinear(skb))) return; skb->len = len; skb_set_tail_pointer(skb, len); } static inline void __skb_trim(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { __skb_set_length(skb, len); } void skb_trim(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len); static inline int __pskb_trim(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { if (skb->data_len) return ___pskb_trim(skb, len); __skb_trim(skb, len); return 0; } static inline int pskb_trim(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { return (len < skb->len) ? __pskb_trim(skb, len) : 0; } /** * pskb_trim_unique - remove end from a paged unique (not cloned) buffer * @skb: buffer to alter * @len: new length * * This is identical to pskb_trim except that the caller knows that * the skb is not cloned so we should never get an error due to out- * of-memory. */ static inline void pskb_trim_unique(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { int err = pskb_trim(skb, len); BUG_ON(err); } static inline int __skb_grow(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { unsigned int diff = len - skb->len; if (skb_tailroom(skb) < diff) { int ret = pskb_expand_head(skb, 0, diff - skb_tailroom(skb), GFP_ATOMIC); if (ret) return ret; } __skb_set_length(skb, len); return 0; } /** * skb_orphan - orphan a buffer * @skb: buffer to orphan * * If a buffer currently has an owner then we call the owner's * destructor function and make the @skb unowned. The buffer continues * to exist but is no longer charged to its former owner. */ static inline void skb_orphan(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->destructor) { skb->destructor(skb); skb->destructor = NULL; skb->sk = NULL; } else { BUG_ON(skb->sk); } } /** * skb_orphan_frags - orphan the frags contained in a buffer * @skb: buffer to orphan frags from * @gfp_mask: allocation mask for replacement pages * * For each frag in the SKB which needs a destructor (i.e. has an * owner) create a copy of that frag and release the original * page by calling the destructor. */ static inline int skb_orphan_frags(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t gfp_mask) { if (likely(!skb_zcopy(skb))) return 0; if (!skb_zcopy_is_nouarg(skb) && skb_uarg(skb)->callback == sock_zerocopy_callback) return 0; return skb_copy_ubufs(skb, gfp_mask); } /* Frags must be orphaned, even if refcounted, if skb might loop to rx path */ static inline int skb_orphan_frags_rx(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t gfp_mask) { if (likely(!skb_zcopy(skb))) return 0; return skb_copy_ubufs(skb, gfp_mask); } /** * __skb_queue_purge - empty a list * @list: list to empty * * Delete all buffers on an &sk_buff list. Each buffer is removed from * the list and one reference dropped. This function does not take the * list lock and the caller must hold the relevant locks to use it. */ static inline void __skb_queue_purge(struct sk_buff_head *list) { struct sk_buff *skb; while ((skb = __skb_dequeue(list)) != NULL) kfree_skb(skb); } void skb_queue_purge(struct sk_buff_head *list); unsigned int skb_rbtree_purge(struct rb_root *root); void *netdev_alloc_frag(unsigned int fragsz); struct sk_buff *__netdev_alloc_skb(struct net_device *dev, unsigned int length, gfp_t gfp_mask); /** * netdev_alloc_skb - allocate an skbuff for rx on a specific device * @dev: network device to receive on * @length: length to allocate * * Allocate a new &sk_buff and assign it a usage count of one. The * buffer has unspecified headroom built in. Users should allocate * the headroom they think they need without accounting for the * built in space. The built in space is used for optimisations. * * %NULL is returned if there is no free memory. Although this function * allocates memory it can be called from an interrupt. */ static inline struct sk_buff *netdev_alloc_skb(struct net_device *dev, unsigned int length) { return __netdev_alloc_skb(dev, length, GFP_ATOMIC); } /* legacy helper around __netdev_alloc_skb() */ static inline struct sk_buff *__dev_alloc_skb(unsigned int length, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return __netdev_alloc_skb(NULL, length, gfp_mask); } /* legacy helper around netdev_alloc_skb() */ static inline struct sk_buff *dev_alloc_skb(unsigned int length) { return netdev_alloc_skb(NULL, length); } static inline struct sk_buff *__netdev_alloc_skb_ip_align(struct net_device *dev, unsigned int length, gfp_t gfp) { struct sk_buff *skb = __netdev_alloc_skb(dev, length + NET_IP_ALIGN, gfp); if (NET_IP_ALIGN && skb) skb_reserve(skb, NET_IP_ALIGN); return skb; } static inline struct sk_buff *netdev_alloc_skb_ip_align(struct net_device *dev, unsigned int length) { return __netdev_alloc_skb_ip_align(dev, length, GFP_ATOMIC); } static inline void skb_free_frag(void *addr) { page_frag_free(addr); } void *napi_alloc_frag(unsigned int fragsz); struct sk_buff *__napi_alloc_skb(struct napi_struct *napi, unsigned int length, gfp_t gfp_mask); static inline struct sk_buff *napi_alloc_skb(struct napi_struct *napi, unsigned int length) { return __napi_alloc_skb(napi, length, GFP_ATOMIC); } void napi_consume_skb(struct sk_buff *skb, int budget); void __kfree_skb_flush(void); void __kfree_skb_defer(struct sk_buff *skb); /** * __dev_alloc_pages - allocate page for network Rx * @gfp_mask: allocation priority. Set __GFP_NOMEMALLOC if not for network Rx * @order: size of the allocation * * Allocate a new page. * * %NULL is returned if there is no free memory. */ static inline struct page *__dev_alloc_pages(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order) { /* This piece of code contains several assumptions. * 1. This is for device Rx, therefor a cold page is preferred. * 2. The expectation is the user wants a compound page. * 3. If requesting a order 0 page it will not be compound * due to the check to see if order has a value in prep_new_page * 4. __GFP_MEMALLOC is ignored if __GFP_NOMEMALLOC is set due to * code in gfp_to_alloc_flags that should be enforcing this. */ gfp_mask |= __GFP_COMP | __GFP_MEMALLOC; return alloc_pages_node(NUMA_NO_NODE, gfp_mask, order); } static inline struct page *dev_alloc_pages(unsigned int order) { return __dev_alloc_pages(GFP_ATOMIC | __GFP_NOWARN, order); } /** * __dev_alloc_page - allocate a page for network Rx * @gfp_mask: allocation priority. Set __GFP_NOMEMALLOC if not for network Rx * * Allocate a new page. * * %NULL is returned if there is no free memory. */ static inline struct page *__dev_alloc_page(gfp_t gfp_mask) { return __dev_alloc_pages(gfp_mask, 0); } static inline struct page *dev_alloc_page(void) { return dev_alloc_pages(0); } /** * skb_propagate_pfmemalloc - Propagate pfmemalloc if skb is allocated after RX page * @page: The page that was allocated from skb_alloc_page * @skb: The skb that may need pfmemalloc set */ static inline void skb_propagate_pfmemalloc(struct page *page, struct sk_buff *skb) { if (page_is_pfmemalloc(page)) skb->pfmemalloc = true; } /** * skb_frag_off() - Returns the offset of a skb fragment * @frag: the paged fragment */ static inline unsigned int skb_frag_off(const skb_frag_t *frag) { return frag->bv_offset; } /** * skb_frag_off_add() - Increments the offset of a skb fragment by @delta * @frag: skb fragment * @delta: value to add */ static inline void skb_frag_off_add(skb_frag_t *frag, int delta) { frag->bv_offset += delta; } /** * skb_frag_off_set() - Sets the offset of a skb fragment * @frag: skb fragment * @offset: offset of fragment */ static inline void skb_frag_off_set(skb_frag_t *frag, unsigned int offset) { frag->bv_offset = offset; } /** * skb_frag_off_copy() - Sets the offset of a skb fragment from another fragment * @fragto: skb fragment where offset is set * @fragfrom: skb fragment offset is copied from */ static inline void skb_frag_off_copy(skb_frag_t *fragto, const skb_frag_t *fragfrom) { fragto->bv_offset = fragfrom->bv_offset; } /** * skb_frag_page - retrieve the page referred to by a paged fragment * @frag: the paged fragment * * Returns the &struct page associated with @frag. */ static inline struct page *skb_frag_page(const skb_frag_t *frag) { return frag->bv_page; } /** * __skb_frag_ref - take an addition reference on a paged fragment. * @frag: the paged fragment * * Takes an additional reference on the paged fragment @frag. */ static inline void __skb_frag_ref(skb_frag_t *frag) { get_page(skb_frag_page(frag)); } /** * skb_frag_ref - take an addition reference on a paged fragment of an skb. * @skb: the buffer * @f: the fragment offset. * * Takes an additional reference on the @f'th paged fragment of @skb. */ static inline void skb_frag_ref(struct sk_buff *skb, int f) { __skb_frag_ref(&skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[f]); } /** * __skb_frag_unref - release a reference on a paged fragment. * @frag: the paged fragment * * Releases a reference on the paged fragment @frag. */ static inline void __skb_frag_unref(skb_frag_t *frag) { put_page(skb_frag_page(frag)); } /** * skb_frag_unref - release a reference on a paged fragment of an skb. * @skb: the buffer * @f: the fragment offset * * Releases a reference on the @f'th paged fragment of @skb. */ static inline void skb_frag_unref(struct sk_buff *skb, int f) { __skb_frag_unref(&skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[f]); } /** * skb_frag_address - gets the address of the data contained in a paged fragment * @frag: the paged fragment buffer * * Returns the address of the data within @frag. The page must already * be mapped. */ static inline void *skb_frag_address(const skb_frag_t *frag) { return page_address(skb_frag_page(frag)) + skb_frag_off(frag); } /** * skb_frag_address_safe - gets the address of the data contained in a paged fragment * @frag: the paged fragment buffer * * Returns the address of the data within @frag. Checks that the page * is mapped and returns %NULL otherwise. */ static inline void *skb_frag_address_safe(const skb_frag_t *frag) { void *ptr = page_address(skb_frag_page(frag)); if (unlikely(!ptr)) return NULL; return ptr + skb_frag_off(frag); } /** * skb_frag_page_copy() - sets the page in a fragment from another fragment * @fragto: skb fragment where page is set * @fragfrom: skb fragment page is copied from */ static inline void skb_frag_page_copy(skb_frag_t *fragto, const skb_frag_t *fragfrom) { fragto->bv_page = fragfrom->bv_page; } /** * __skb_frag_set_page - sets the page contained in a paged fragment * @frag: the paged fragment * @page: the page to set * * Sets the fragment @frag to contain @page. */ static inline void __skb_frag_set_page(skb_frag_t *frag, struct page *page) { frag->bv_page = page; } /** * skb_frag_set_page - sets the page contained in a paged fragment of an skb * @skb: the buffer * @f: the fragment offset * @page: the page to set * * Sets the @f'th fragment of @skb to contain @page. */ static inline void skb_frag_set_page(struct sk_buff *skb, int f, struct page *page) { __skb_frag_set_page(&skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[f], page); } bool skb_page_frag_refill(unsigned int sz, struct page_frag *pfrag, gfp_t prio); /** * skb_frag_dma_map - maps a paged fragment via the DMA API * @dev: the device to map the fragment to * @frag: the paged fragment to map * @offset: the offset within the fragment (starting at the * fragment's own offset) * @size: the number of bytes to map * @dir: the direction of the mapping (``PCI_DMA_*``) * * Maps the page associated with @frag to @device. */ static inline dma_addr_t skb_frag_dma_map(struct device *dev, const skb_frag_t *frag, size_t offset, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir) { return dma_map_page(dev, skb_frag_page(frag), skb_frag_off(frag) + offset, size, dir); } static inline struct sk_buff *pskb_copy(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return __pskb_copy(skb, skb_headroom(skb), gfp_mask); } static inline struct sk_buff *pskb_copy_for_clone(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return __pskb_copy_fclone(skb, skb_headroom(skb), gfp_mask, true); } /** * skb_clone_writable - is the header of a clone writable * @skb: buffer to check * @len: length up to which to write * * Returns true if modifying the header part of the cloned buffer * does not requires the data to be copied. */ static inline int skb_clone_writable(const struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { return !skb_header_cloned(skb) && skb_headroom(skb) + len <= skb->hdr_len; } static inline int skb_try_make_writable(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int write_len) { return skb_cloned(skb) && !skb_clone_writable(skb, write_len) && pskb_expand_head(skb, 0, 0, GFP_ATOMIC); } static inline int __skb_cow(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int headroom, int cloned) { int delta = 0; if (headroom > skb_headroom(skb)) delta = headroom - skb_headroom(skb); if (delta || cloned) return pskb_expand_head(skb, ALIGN(delta, NET_SKB_PAD), 0, GFP_ATOMIC); return 0; } /** * skb_cow - copy header of skb when it is required * @skb: buffer to cow * @headroom: needed headroom * * If the skb passed lacks sufficient headroom or its data part * is shared, data is reallocated. If reallocation fails, an error * is returned and original skb is not changed. * * The result is skb with writable area skb->head...skb->tail * and at least @headroom of space at head. */ static inline int skb_cow(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int headroom) { return __skb_cow(skb, headroom, skb_cloned(skb)); } /** * skb_cow_head - skb_cow but only making the head writable * @skb: buffer to cow * @headroom: needed headroom * * This function is identical to skb_cow except that we replace the * skb_cloned check by skb_header_cloned. It should be used when * you only need to push on some header and do not need to modify * the data. */ static inline int skb_cow_head(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int headroom) { return __skb_cow(skb, headroom, skb_header_cloned(skb)); } /** * skb_padto - pad an skbuff up to a minimal size * @skb: buffer to pad * @len: minimal length * * Pads up a buffer to ensure the trailing bytes exist and are * blanked. If the buffer already contains sufficient data it * is untouched. Otherwise it is extended. Returns zero on * success. The skb is freed on error. */ static inline int skb_padto(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { unsigned int size = skb->len; if (likely(size >= len)) return 0; return skb_pad(skb, len - size); } /** * __skb_put_padto - increase size and pad an skbuff up to a minimal size * @skb: buffer to pad * @len: minimal length * @free_on_error: free buffer on error * * Pads up a buffer to ensure the trailing bytes exist and are * blanked. If the buffer already contains sufficient data it * is untouched. Otherwise it is extended. Returns zero on * success. The skb is freed on error if @free_on_error is true. */ static inline int __must_check __skb_put_padto(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len, bool free_on_error) { unsigned int size = skb->len; if (unlikely(size < len)) { len -= size; if (__skb_pad(skb, len, free_on_error)) return -ENOMEM; __skb_put(skb, len); } return 0; } /** * skb_put_padto - increase size and pad an skbuff up to a minimal size * @skb: buffer to pad * @len: minimal length * * Pads up a buffer to ensure the trailing bytes exist and are * blanked. If the buffer already contains sufficient data it * is untouched. Otherwise it is extended. Returns zero on * success. The skb is freed on error. */ static inline int __must_check skb_put_padto(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { return __skb_put_padto(skb, len, true); } static inline int skb_add_data(struct sk_buff *skb, struct iov_iter *from, int copy) { const int off = skb->len; if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_NONE) { __wsum csum = 0; if (csum_and_copy_from_iter_full(skb_put(skb, copy), copy, &csum, from)) { skb->csum = csum_block_add(skb->csum, csum, off); return 0; } } else if (copy_from_iter_full(skb_put(skb, copy), copy, from)) return 0; __skb_trim(skb, off); return -EFAULT; } static inline bool skb_can_coalesce(struct sk_buff *skb, int i, const struct page *page, int off) { if (skb_zcopy(skb)) return false; if (i) { const skb_frag_t *frag = &skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[i - 1]; return page == skb_frag_page(frag) && off == skb_frag_off(frag) + skb_frag_size(frag); } return false; } static inline int __skb_linearize(struct sk_buff *skb) { return __pskb_pull_tail(skb, skb->data_len) ? 0 : -ENOMEM; } /** * skb_linearize - convert paged skb to linear one * @skb: buffer to linarize * * If there is no free memory -ENOMEM is returned, otherwise zero * is returned and the old skb data released. */ static inline int skb_linearize(struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_is_nonlinear(skb) ? __skb_linearize(skb) : 0; } /** * skb_has_shared_frag - can any frag be overwritten * @skb: buffer to test * * Return true if the skb has at least one frag that might be modified * by an external entity (as in vmsplice()/sendfile()) */ static inline bool skb_has_shared_frag(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_is_nonlinear(skb) && skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags & SKBTX_SHARED_FRAG; } /** * skb_linearize_cow - make sure skb is linear and writable * @skb: buffer to process * * If there is no free memory -ENOMEM is returned, otherwise zero * is returned and the old skb data released. */ static inline int skb_linearize_cow(struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_is_nonlinear(skb) || skb_cloned(skb) ? __skb_linearize(skb) : 0; } static __always_inline void __skb_postpull_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, const void *start, unsigned int len, unsigned int off) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->csum = csum_block_sub(skb->csum, csum_partial(start, len, 0), off); else if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_PARTIAL && skb_checksum_start_offset(skb) < 0) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; } /** * skb_postpull_rcsum - update checksum for received skb after pull * @skb: buffer to update * @start: start of data before pull * @len: length of data pulled * * After doing a pull on a received packet, you need to call this to * update the CHECKSUM_COMPLETE checksum, or set ip_summed to * CHECKSUM_NONE so that it can be recomputed from scratch. */ static inline void skb_postpull_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, const void *start, unsigned int len) { __skb_postpull_rcsum(skb, start, len, 0); } static __always_inline void __skb_postpush_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, const void *start, unsigned int len, unsigned int off) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->csum = csum_block_add(skb->csum, csum_partial(start, len, 0), off); } /** * skb_postpush_rcsum - update checksum for received skb after push * @skb: buffer to update * @start: start of data after push * @len: length of data pushed * * After doing a push on a received packet, you need to call this to * update the CHECKSUM_COMPLETE checksum. */ static inline void skb_postpush_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, const void *start, unsigned int len) { __skb_postpush_rcsum(skb, start, len, 0); } void *skb_pull_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len); /** * skb_push_rcsum - push skb and update receive checksum * @skb: buffer to update * @len: length of data pulled * * This function performs an skb_push on the packet and updates * the CHECKSUM_COMPLETE checksum. It should be used on * receive path processing instead of skb_push unless you know * that the checksum difference is zero (e.g., a valid IP header) * or you are setting ip_summed to CHECKSUM_NONE. */ static inline void *skb_push_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { skb_push(skb, len); skb_postpush_rcsum(skb, skb->data, len); return skb->data; } int pskb_trim_rcsum_slow(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len); /** * pskb_trim_rcsum - trim received skb and update checksum * @skb: buffer to trim * @len: new length * * This is exactly the same as pskb_trim except that it ensures the * checksum of received packets are still valid after the operation. * It can change skb pointers. */ static inline int pskb_trim_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { if (likely(len >= skb->len)) return 0; return pskb_trim_rcsum_slow(skb, len); } static inline int __skb_trim_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; __skb_trim(skb, len); return 0; } static inline int __skb_grow_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; return __skb_grow(skb, len); } #define rb_to_skb(rb) rb_entry_safe(rb, struct sk_buff, rbnode) #define skb_rb_first(root) rb_to_skb(rb_first(root)) #define skb_rb_last(root) rb_to_skb(rb_last(root)) #define skb_rb_next(skb) rb_to_skb(rb_next(&(skb)->rbnode)) #define skb_rb_prev(skb) rb_to_skb(rb_prev(&(skb)->rbnode)) #define skb_queue_walk(queue, skb) \ for (skb = (queue)->next; \ skb != (struct sk_buff *)(queue); \ skb = skb->next) #define skb_queue_walk_safe(queue, skb, tmp) \ for (skb = (queue)->next, tmp = skb->next; \ skb != (struct sk_buff *)(queue); \ skb = tmp, tmp = skb->next) #define skb_queue_walk_from(queue, skb) \ for (; skb != (struct sk_buff *)(queue); \ skb = skb->next) #define skb_rbtree_walk(skb, root) \ for (skb = skb_rb_first(root); skb != NULL; \ skb = skb_rb_next(skb)) #define skb_rbtree_walk_from(skb) \ for (; skb != NULL; \ skb = skb_rb_next(skb)) #define skb_rbtree_walk_from_safe(skb, tmp) \ for (; tmp = skb ? skb_rb_next(skb) : NULL, (skb != NULL); \ skb = tmp) #define skb_queue_walk_from_safe(queue, skb, tmp) \ for (tmp = skb->next; \ skb != (struct sk_buff *)(queue); \ skb = tmp, tmp = skb->next) #define skb_queue_reverse_walk(queue, skb) \ for (skb = (queue)->prev; \ skb != (struct sk_buff *)(queue); \ skb = skb->prev) #define skb_queue_reverse_walk_safe(queue, skb, tmp) \ for (skb = (queue)->prev, tmp = skb->prev; \ skb != (struct sk_buff *)(queue); \ skb = tmp, tmp = skb->prev) #define skb_queue_reverse_walk_from_safe(queue, skb, tmp) \ for (tmp = skb->prev; \ skb != (struct sk_buff *)(queue); \ skb = tmp, tmp = skb->prev) static inline bool skb_has_frag_list(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_shinfo(skb)->frag_list != NULL; } static inline void skb_frag_list_init(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb_shinfo(skb)->frag_list = NULL; } #define skb_walk_frags(skb, iter) \ for (iter = skb_shinfo(skb)->frag_list; iter; iter = iter->next) int __skb_wait_for_more_packets(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff_head *queue, int *err, long *timeo_p, const struct sk_buff *skb); struct sk_buff *__skb_try_recv_from_queue(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff_head *queue, unsigned int flags, int *off, int *err, struct sk_buff **last); struct sk_buff *__skb_try_recv_datagram(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff_head *queue, unsigned int flags, int *off, int *err, struct sk_buff **last); struct sk_buff *__skb_recv_datagram(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff_head *sk_queue, unsigned int flags, int *off, int *err); struct sk_buff *skb_recv_datagram(struct sock *sk, unsigned flags, int noblock, int *err); __poll_t datagram_poll(struct file *file, struct socket *sock, struct poll_table_struct *wait); int skb_copy_datagram_iter(const struct sk_buff *from, int offset, struct iov_iter *to, int size); static inline int skb_copy_datagram_msg(const struct sk_buff *from, int offset, struct msghdr *msg, int size) { return skb_copy_datagram_iter(from, offset, &msg->msg_iter, size); } int skb_copy_and_csum_datagram_msg(struct sk_buff *skb, int hlen, struct msghdr *msg); int skb_copy_and_hash_datagram_iter(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, struct iov_iter *to, int len, struct ahash_request *hash); int skb_copy_datagram_from_iter(struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, struct iov_iter *from, int len); int zerocopy_sg_from_iter(struct sk_buff *skb, struct iov_iter *frm); void skb_free_datagram(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); void __skb_free_datagram_locked(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int len); static inline void skb_free_datagram_locked(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { __skb_free_datagram_locked(sk, skb, 0); } int skb_kill_datagram(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int flags); int skb_copy_bits(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, void *to, int len); int skb_store_bits(struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, const void *from, int len); __wsum skb_copy_and_csum_bits(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, u8 *to, int len); int skb_splice_bits(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk, unsigned int offset, struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, unsigned int len, unsigned int flags); int skb_send_sock_locked(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, int len); void skb_copy_and_csum_dev(const struct sk_buff *skb, u8 *to); unsigned int skb_zerocopy_headlen(const struct sk_buff *from); int skb_zerocopy(struct sk_buff *to, struct sk_buff *from, int len, int hlen); void skb_split(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sk_buff *skb1, const u32 len); int skb_shift(struct sk_buff *tgt, struct sk_buff *skb, int shiftlen); void skb_scrub_packet(struct sk_buff *skb, bool xnet); bool skb_gso_validate_network_len(const struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int mtu); bool skb_gso_validate_mac_len(const struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len); struct sk_buff *skb_segment(struct sk_buff *skb, netdev_features_t features); struct sk_buff *skb_segment_list(struct sk_buff *skb, netdev_features_t features, unsigned int offset); struct sk_buff *skb_vlan_untag(struct sk_buff *skb); int skb_ensure_writable(struct sk_buff *skb, int write_len); int __skb_vlan_pop(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 *vlan_tci); int skb_vlan_pop(struct sk_buff *skb); int skb_vlan_push(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 vlan_proto, u16 vlan_tci); int skb_eth_pop(struct sk_buff *skb); int skb_eth_push(struct sk_buff *skb, const unsigned char *dst, const unsigned char *src); int skb_mpls_push(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 mpls_lse, __be16 mpls_proto, int mac_len, bool ethernet); int skb_mpls_pop(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 next_proto, int mac_len, bool ethernet); int skb_mpls_update_lse(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 mpls_lse); int skb_mpls_dec_ttl(struct sk_buff *skb); struct sk_buff *pskb_extract(struct sk_buff *skb, int off, int to_copy, gfp_t gfp); static inline int memcpy_from_msg(void *data, struct msghdr *msg, int len) { return copy_from_iter_full(data, len, &msg->msg_iter) ? 0 : -EFAULT; } static inline int memcpy_to_msg(struct msghdr *msg, void *data, int len) { return copy_to_iter(data, len, &msg->msg_iter) == len ? 0 : -EFAULT; } struct skb_checksum_ops { __wsum (*update)(const void *mem, int len, __wsum wsum); __wsum (*combine)(__wsum csum, __wsum csum2, int offset, int len); }; extern const struct skb_checksum_ops *crc32c_csum_stub __read_mostly; __wsum __skb_checksum(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, int len, __wsum csum, const struct skb_checksum_ops *ops); __wsum skb_checksum(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, int len, __wsum csum); static inline void * __must_check __skb_header_pointer(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, int len, void *data, int hlen, void *buffer) { if (hlen - offset >= len) return data + offset; if (!skb || skb_copy_bits(skb, offset, buffer, len) < 0) return NULL; return buffer; } static inline void * __must_check skb_header_pointer(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, int len, void *buffer) { return __skb_header_pointer(skb, offset, len, skb->data, skb_headlen(skb), buffer); } /** * skb_needs_linearize - check if we need to linearize a given skb * depending on the given device features. * @skb: socket buffer to check * @features: net device features * * Returns true if either: * 1. skb has frag_list and the device doesn't support FRAGLIST, or * 2. skb is fragmented and the device does not support SG. */ static inline bool skb_needs_linearize(struct sk_buff *skb, netdev_features_t features) { return skb_is_nonlinear(skb) && ((skb_has_frag_list(skb) && !(features & NETIF_F_FRAGLIST)) || (skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags && !(features & NETIF_F_SG))); } static inline void skb_copy_from_linear_data(const struct sk_buff *skb, void *to, const unsigned int len) { memcpy(to, skb->data, len); } static inline void skb_copy_from_linear_data_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset, void *to, const unsigned int len) { memcpy(to, skb->data + offset, len); } static inline void skb_copy_to_linear_data(struct sk_buff *skb, const void *from, const unsigned int len) { memcpy(skb->data, from, len); } static inline void skb_copy_to_linear_data_offset(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset, const void *from, const unsigned int len) { memcpy(skb->data + offset, from, len); } void skb_init(void); static inline ktime_t skb_get_ktime(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->tstamp; } /** * skb_get_timestamp - get timestamp from a skb * @skb: skb to get stamp from * @stamp: pointer to struct __kernel_old_timeval to store stamp in * * Timestamps are stored in the skb as offsets to a base timestamp. * This function converts the offset back to a struct timeval and stores * it in stamp. */ static inline void skb_get_timestamp(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct __kernel_old_timeval *stamp) { *stamp = ns_to_kernel_old_timeval(skb->tstamp); } static inline void skb_get_new_timestamp(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct __kernel_sock_timeval *stamp) { struct timespec64 ts = ktime_to_timespec64(skb->tstamp); stamp->tv_sec = ts.tv_sec; stamp->tv_usec = ts.tv_nsec / 1000; } static inline void skb_get_timestampns(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct __kernel_old_timespec *stamp) { struct timespec64 ts = ktime_to_timespec64(skb->tstamp); stamp->tv_sec = ts.tv_sec; stamp->tv_nsec = ts.tv_nsec; } static inline void skb_get_new_timestampns(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct __kernel_timespec *stamp) { struct timespec64 ts = ktime_to_timespec64(skb->tstamp); stamp->tv_sec = ts.tv_sec; stamp->tv_nsec = ts.tv_nsec; } static inline void __net_timestamp(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->tstamp = ktime_get_real(); } static inline ktime_t net_timedelta(ktime_t t) { return ktime_sub(ktime_get_real(), t); } static inline ktime_t net_invalid_timestamp(void) { return 0; } static inline u8 skb_metadata_len(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_shinfo(skb)->meta_len; } static inline void *skb_metadata_end(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_mac_header(skb); } static inline bool __skb_metadata_differs(const struct sk_buff *skb_a, const struct sk_buff *skb_b, u8 meta_len) { const void *a = skb_metadata_end(skb_a); const void *b = skb_metadata_end(skb_b); /* Using more efficient varaiant than plain call to memcmp(). */ #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 u64 diffs = 0; switch (meta_len) { #define __it(x, op) (x -= sizeof(u##op)) #define __it_diff(a, b, op) (*(u##op *)__it(a, op)) ^ (*(u##op *)__it(b, op)) case 32: diffs |= __it_diff(a, b, 64); fallthrough; case 24: diffs |= __it_diff(a, b, 64); fallthrough; case 16: diffs |= __it_diff(a, b, 64); fallthrough; case 8: diffs |= __it_diff(a, b, 64); break; case 28: diffs |= __it_diff(a, b, 64); fallthrough; case 20: diffs |= __it_diff(a, b, 64); fallthrough; case 12: diffs |= __it_diff(a, b, 64); fallthrough; case 4: diffs |= __it_diff(a, b, 32); break; } return diffs; #else return memcmp(a - meta_len, b - meta_len, meta_len); #endif } static inline bool skb_metadata_differs(const struct sk_buff *skb_a, const struct sk_buff *skb_b) { u8 len_a = skb_metadata_len(skb_a); u8 len_b = skb_metadata_len(skb_b); if (!(len_a | len_b)) return false; return len_a != len_b ? true : __skb_metadata_differs(skb_a, skb_b, len_a); } static inline void skb_metadata_set(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 meta_len) { skb_shinfo(skb)->meta_len = meta_len; } static inline void skb_metadata_clear(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb_metadata_set(skb, 0); } struct sk_buff *skb_clone_sk(struct sk_buff *skb); #ifdef CONFIG_NETWORK_PHY_TIMESTAMPING void skb_clone_tx_timestamp(struct sk_buff *skb); bool skb_defer_rx_timestamp(struct sk_buff *skb); #else /* CONFIG_NETWORK_PHY_TIMESTAMPING */ static inline void skb_clone_tx_timestamp(struct sk_buff *skb) { } static inline bool skb_defer_rx_timestamp(struct sk_buff *skb) { return false; } #endif /* !CONFIG_NETWORK_PHY_TIMESTAMPING */ /** * skb_complete_tx_timestamp() - deliver cloned skb with tx timestamps * * PHY drivers may accept clones of transmitted packets for * timestamping via their phy_driver.txtstamp method. These drivers * must call this function to return the skb back to the stack with a * timestamp. * * @skb: clone of the original outgoing packet * @hwtstamps: hardware time stamps * */ void skb_complete_tx_timestamp(struct sk_buff *skb, struct skb_shared_hwtstamps *hwtstamps); void __skb_tstamp_tx(struct sk_buff *orig_skb, struct skb_shared_hwtstamps *hwtstamps, struct sock *sk, int tstype); /** * skb_tstamp_tx - queue clone of skb with send time stamps * @orig_skb: the original outgoing packet * @hwtstamps: hardware time stamps, may be NULL if not available * * If the skb has a socket associated, then this function clones the * skb (thus sharing the actual data and optional structures), stores * the optional hardware time stamping information (if non NULL) or * generates a software time stamp (otherwise), then queues the clone * to the error queue of the socket. Errors are silently ignored. */ void skb_tstamp_tx(struct sk_buff *orig_skb, struct skb_shared_hwtstamps *hwtstamps); /** * skb_tx_timestamp() - Driver hook for transmit timestamping * * Ethernet MAC Drivers should call this function in their hard_xmit() * function immediately before giving the sk_buff to the MAC hardware. * * Specifically, one should make absolutely sure that this function is * called before TX completion of this packet can trigger. Otherwise * the packet could potentially already be freed. * * @skb: A socket buffer. */ static inline void skb_tx_timestamp(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb_clone_tx_timestamp(skb); if (skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags & SKBTX_SW_TSTAMP) skb_tstamp_tx(skb, NULL); } /** * skb_complete_wifi_ack - deliver skb with wifi status * * @skb: the original outgoing packet * @acked: ack status * */ void skb_complete_wifi_ack(struct sk_buff *skb, bool acked); __sum16 __skb_checksum_complete_head(struct sk_buff *skb, int len); __sum16 __skb_checksum_complete(struct sk_buff *skb); static inline int skb_csum_unnecessary(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return ((skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY) || skb->csum_valid || (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_PARTIAL && skb_checksum_start_offset(skb) >= 0)); } /** * skb_checksum_complete - Calculate checksum of an entire packet * @skb: packet to process * * This function calculates the checksum over the entire packet plus * the value of skb->csum. The latter can be used to supply the * checksum of a pseudo header as used by TCP/UDP. It returns the * checksum. * * For protocols that contain complete checksums such as ICMP/TCP/UDP, * this function can be used to verify that checksum on received * packets. In that case the function should return zero if the * checksum is correct. In particular, this function will return zero * if skb->ip_summed is CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY which indicates that the * hardware has already verified the correctness of the checksum. */ static inline __sum16 skb_checksum_complete(struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_csum_unnecessary(skb) ? 0 : __skb_checksum_complete(skb); } static inline void __skb_decr_checksum_unnecessary(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY) { if (skb->csum_level == 0) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; else skb->csum_level--; } } static inline void __skb_incr_checksum_unnecessary(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY) { if (skb->csum_level < SKB_MAX_CSUM_LEVEL) skb->csum_level++; } else if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_NONE) { skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY; skb->csum_level = 0; } } static inline void __skb_reset_checksum_unnecessary(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY) { skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; skb->csum_level = 0; } } /* Check if we need to perform checksum complete validation. * * Returns true if checksum complete is needed, false otherwise * (either checksum is unnecessary or zero checksum is allowed). */ static inline bool __skb_checksum_validate_needed(struct sk_buff *skb, bool zero_okay, __sum16 check) { if (skb_csum_unnecessary(skb) || (zero_okay && !check)) { skb->csum_valid = 1; __skb_decr_checksum_unnecessary(skb); return false; } return true; } /* For small packets <= CHECKSUM_BREAK perform checksum complete directly * in checksum_init. */ #define CHECKSUM_BREAK 76 /* Unset checksum-complete * * Unset checksum complete can be done when packet is being modified * (uncompressed for instance) and checksum-complete value is * invalidated. */ static inline void skb_checksum_complete_unset(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; } /* Validate (init) checksum based on checksum complete. * * Return values: * 0: checksum is validated or try to in skb_checksum_complete. In the latter * case the ip_summed will not be CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY and the pseudo * checksum is stored in skb->csum for use in __skb_checksum_complete * non-zero: value of invalid checksum * */ static inline __sum16 __skb_checksum_validate_complete(struct sk_buff *skb, bool complete, __wsum psum) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) { if (!csum_fold(csum_add(psum, skb->csum))) { skb->csum_valid = 1; return 0; } } skb->csum = psum; if (complete || skb->len <= CHECKSUM_BREAK) { __sum16 csum; csum = __skb_checksum_complete(skb); skb->csum_valid = !csum; return csum; } return 0; } static inline __wsum null_compute_pseudo(struct sk_buff *skb, int proto) { return 0; } /* Perform checksum validate (init). Note that this is a macro since we only * want to calculate the pseudo header which is an input function if necessary. * First we try to validate without any computation (checksum unnecessary) and * then calculate based on checksum complete calling the function to compute * pseudo header. * * Return values: * 0: checksum is validated or try to in skb_checksum_complete * non-zero: value of invalid checksum */ #define __skb_checksum_validate(skb, proto, complete, \ zero_okay, check, compute_pseudo) \ ({ \ __sum16 __ret = 0; \ skb->csum_valid = 0; \ if (__skb_checksum_validate_needed(skb, zero_okay, check)) \ __ret = __skb_checksum_validate_complete(skb, \ complete, compute_pseudo(skb, proto)); \ __ret; \ }) #define skb_checksum_init(skb, proto, compute_pseudo) \ __skb_checksum_validate(skb, proto, false, false, 0, compute_pseudo) #define skb_checksum_init_zero_check(skb, proto, check, compute_pseudo) \ __skb_checksum_validate(skb, proto, false, true, check, compute_pseudo) #define skb_checksum_validate(skb, proto, compute_pseudo) \ __skb_checksum_validate(skb, proto, true, false, 0, compute_pseudo) #define skb_checksum_validate_zero_check(skb, proto, check, \ compute_pseudo) \ __skb_checksum_validate(skb, proto, true, true, check, compute_pseudo) #define skb_checksum_simple_validate(skb) \ __skb_checksum_validate(skb, 0, true, false, 0, null_compute_pseudo) static inline bool __skb_checksum_convert_check(struct sk_buff *skb) { return (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_NONE && skb->csum_valid); } static inline void __skb_checksum_convert(struct sk_buff *skb, __wsum pseudo) { skb->csum = ~pseudo; skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_COMPLETE; } #define skb_checksum_try_convert(skb, proto, compute_pseudo) \ do { \ if (__skb_checksum_convert_check(skb)) \ __skb_checksum_convert(skb, compute_pseudo(skb, proto)); \ } while (0) static inline void skb_remcsum_adjust_partial(struct sk_buff *skb, void *ptr, u16 start, u16 offset) { skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_PARTIAL; skb->csum_start = ((unsigned char *)ptr + start) - skb->head; skb->csum_offset = offset - start; } /* Update skbuf and packet to reflect the remote checksum offload operation. * When called, ptr indicates the starting point for skb->csum when * ip_summed is CHECKSUM_COMPLETE. If we need create checksum complete * here, skb_postpull_rcsum is done so skb->csum start is ptr. */ static inline void skb_remcsum_process(struct sk_buff *skb, void *ptr, int start, int offset, bool nopartial) { __wsum delta; if (!nopartial) { skb_remcsum_adjust_partial(skb, ptr, start, offset); return; } if (unlikely(skb->ip_summed != CHECKSUM_COMPLETE)) { __skb_checksum_complete(skb); skb_postpull_rcsum(skb, skb->data, ptr - (void *)skb->data); } delta = remcsum_adjust(ptr, skb->csum, start, offset); /* Adjust skb->csum since we changed the packet */ skb->csum = csum_add(skb->csum, delta); } static inline struct nf_conntrack *skb_nfct(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) return (void *)(skb->_nfct & NFCT_PTRMASK); #else return NULL; #endif } static inline unsigned long skb_get_nfct(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) return skb->_nfct; #else return 0UL; #endif } static inline void skb_set_nfct(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned long nfct) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) skb->_nfct = nfct; #endif } #ifdef CONFIG_SKB_EXTENSIONS enum skb_ext_id { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BRIDGE_NETFILTER) SKB_EXT_BRIDGE_NF, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM SKB_EXT_SEC_PATH, #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_TC_SKB_EXT) TC_SKB_EXT, #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MPTCP) SKB_EXT_MPTCP, #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KCOV) SKB_EXT_KCOV_HANDLE, #endif SKB_EXT_NUM, /* must be last */ }; /** * struct skb_ext - sk_buff extensions * @refcnt: 1 on allocation, deallocated on 0 * @offset: offset to add to @data to obtain extension address * @chunks: size currently allocated, stored in SKB_EXT_ALIGN_SHIFT units * @data: start of extension data, variable sized * * Note: offsets/lengths are stored in chunks of 8 bytes, this allows * to use 'u8' types while allowing up to 2kb worth of extension data. */ struct skb_ext { refcount_t refcnt; u8 offset[SKB_EXT_NUM]; /* in chunks of 8 bytes */ u8 chunks; /* same */ char data[] __aligned(8); }; struct skb_ext *__skb_ext_alloc(gfp_t flags); void *__skb_ext_set(struct sk_buff *skb, enum skb_ext_id id, struct skb_ext *ext); void *skb_ext_add(struct sk_buff *skb, enum skb_ext_id id); void __skb_ext_del(struct sk_buff *skb, enum skb_ext_id id); void __skb_ext_put(struct skb_ext *ext); static inline void skb_ext_put(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->active_extensions) __skb_ext_put(skb->extensions); } static inline void __skb_ext_copy(struct sk_buff *dst, const struct sk_buff *src) { dst->active_extensions = src->active_extensions; if (src->active_extensions) { struct skb_ext *ext = src->extensions; refcount_inc(&ext->refcnt); dst->extensions = ext; } } static inline void skb_ext_copy(struct sk_buff *dst, const struct sk_buff *src) { skb_ext_put(dst); __skb_ext_copy(dst, src); } static inline bool __skb_ext_exist(const struct skb_ext *ext, enum skb_ext_id i) { return !!ext->offset[i]; } static inline bool skb_ext_exist(const struct sk_buff *skb, enum skb_ext_id id) { return skb->active_extensions & (1 << id); } static inline void skb_ext_del(struct sk_buff *skb, enum skb_ext_id id) { if (skb_ext_exist(skb, id)) __skb_ext_del(skb, id); } static inline void *skb_ext_find(const struct sk_buff *skb, enum skb_ext_id id) { if (skb_ext_exist(skb, id)) { struct skb_ext *ext = skb->extensions; return (void *)ext + (ext->offset[id] << 3); } return NULL; } static inline void skb_ext_reset(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (unlikely(skb->active_extensions)) { __skb_ext_put(skb->extensions); skb->active_extensions = 0; } } static inline bool skb_has_extensions(struct sk_buff *skb) { return unlikely(skb->active_extensions); } #else static inline void skb_ext_put(struct sk_buff *skb) {} static inline void skb_ext_reset(struct sk_buff *skb) {} static inline void skb_ext_del(struct sk_buff *skb, int unused) {} static inline void __skb_ext_copy(struct sk_buff *d, const struct sk_buff *s) {} static inline void skb_ext_copy(struct sk_buff *dst, const struct sk_buff *s) {} static inline bool skb_has_extensions(struct sk_buff *skb) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_SKB_EXTENSIONS */ static inline void nf_reset_ct(struct sk_buff *skb) { #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) || defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MODULE) nf_conntrack_put(skb_nfct(skb)); skb->_nfct = 0; #endif } static inline void nf_reset_trace(struct sk_buff *skb) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_TARGET_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_NF_TABLES) skb->nf_trace = 0; #endif } static inline void ipvs_reset(struct sk_buff *skb) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IP_VS) skb->ipvs_property = 0; #endif } /* Note: This doesn't put any conntrack info in dst. */ static inline void __nf_copy(struct sk_buff *dst, const struct sk_buff *src, bool copy) { #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) || defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MODULE) dst->_nfct = src->_nfct; nf_conntrack_get(skb_nfct(src)); #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_TARGET_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_NF_TABLES) if (copy) dst->nf_trace = src->nf_trace; #endif } static inline void nf_copy(struct sk_buff *dst, const struct sk_buff *src) { #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) || defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MODULE) nf_conntrack_put(skb_nfct(dst)); #endif __nf_copy(dst, src, true); } #ifdef CONFIG_NETWORK_SECMARK static inline void skb_copy_secmark(struct sk_buff *to, const struct sk_buff *from) { to->secmark = from->secmark; } static inline void skb_init_secmark(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->secmark = 0; } #else static inline void skb_copy_secmark(struct sk_buff *to, const struct sk_buff *from) { } static inline void skb_init_secmark(struct sk_buff *skb) { } #endif static inline int secpath_exists(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM return skb_ext_exist(skb, SKB_EXT_SEC_PATH); #else return 0; #endif } static inline bool skb_irq_freeable(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return !skb->destructor && !secpath_exists(skb) && !skb_nfct(skb) && !skb->_skb_refdst && !skb_has_frag_list(skb); } static inline void skb_set_queue_mapping(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 queue_mapping) { skb->queue_mapping = queue_mapping; } static inline u16 skb_get_queue_mapping(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->queue_mapping; } static inline void skb_copy_queue_mapping(struct sk_buff *to, const struct sk_buff *from) { to->queue_mapping = from->queue_mapping; } static inline void skb_record_rx_queue(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 rx_queue) { skb->queue_mapping = rx_queue + 1; } static inline u16 skb_get_rx_queue(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->queue_mapping - 1; } static inline bool skb_rx_queue_recorded(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->queue_mapping != 0; } static inline void skb_set_dst_pending_confirm(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 val) { skb->dst_pending_confirm = val; } static inline bool skb_get_dst_pending_confirm(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->dst_pending_confirm != 0; } static inline struct sec_path *skb_sec_path(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM return skb_ext_find(skb, SKB_EXT_SEC_PATH); #else return NULL; #endif } /* Keeps track of mac header offset relative to skb->head. * It is useful for TSO of Tunneling protocol. e.g. GRE. * For non-tunnel skb it points to skb_mac_header() and for * tunnel skb it points to outer mac header. * Keeps track of level of encapsulation of network headers. */ struct skb_gso_cb { union { int mac_offset; int data_offset; }; int encap_level; __wsum csum; __u16 csum_start; }; #define SKB_GSO_CB_OFFSET 32 #define SKB_GSO_CB(skb) ((struct skb_gso_cb *)((skb)->cb + SKB_GSO_CB_OFFSET)) static inline int skb_tnl_header_len(const struct sk_buff *inner_skb) { return (skb_mac_header(inner_skb) - inner_skb->head) - SKB_GSO_CB(inner_skb)->mac_offset; } static inline int gso_pskb_expand_head(struct sk_buff *skb, int extra) { int new_headroom, headroom; int ret; headroom = skb_headroom(skb); ret = pskb_expand_head(skb, extra, 0, GFP_ATOMIC); if (ret) return ret; new_headroom = skb_headroom(skb); SKB_GSO_CB(skb)->mac_offset += (new_headroom - headroom); return 0; } static inline void gso_reset_checksum(struct sk_buff *skb, __wsum res) { /* Do not update partial checksums if remote checksum is enabled. */ if (skb->remcsum_offload) return; SKB_GSO_CB(skb)->csum = res; SKB_GSO_CB(skb)->csum_start = skb_checksum_start(skb) - skb->head; } /* Compute the checksum for a gso segment. First compute the checksum value * from the start of transport header to SKB_GSO_CB(skb)->csum_start, and * then add in skb->csum (checksum from csum_start to end of packet). * skb->csum and csum_start are then updated to reflect the checksum of the * resultant packet starting from the transport header-- the resultant checksum * is in the res argument (i.e. normally zero or ~ of checksum of a pseudo * header. */ static inline __sum16 gso_make_checksum(struct sk_buff *skb, __wsum res) { unsigned char *csum_start = skb_transport_header(skb); int plen = (skb->head + SKB_GSO_CB(skb)->csum_start) - csum_start; __wsum partial = SKB_GSO_CB(skb)->csum; SKB_GSO_CB(skb)->csum = res; SKB_GSO_CB(skb)->csum_start = csum_start - skb->head; return csum_fold(csum_partial(csum_start, plen, partial)); } static inline bool skb_is_gso(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_size; } /* Note: Should be called only if skb_is_gso(skb) is true */ static inline bool skb_is_gso_v6(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type & SKB_GSO_TCPV6; } /* Note: Should be called only if skb_is_gso(skb) is true */ static inline bool skb_is_gso_sctp(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type & SKB_GSO_SCTP; } /* Note: Should be called only if skb_is_gso(skb) is true */ static inline bool skb_is_gso_tcp(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type & (SKB_GSO_TCPV4 | SKB_GSO_TCPV6); } static inline void skb_gso_reset(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_size = 0; skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_segs = 0; skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type = 0; } static inline void skb_increase_gso_size(struct skb_shared_info *shinfo, u16 increment) { if (WARN_ON_ONCE(shinfo->gso_size == GSO_BY_FRAGS)) return; shinfo->gso_size += increment; } static inline void skb_decrease_gso_size(struct skb_shared_info *shinfo, u16 decrement) { if (WARN_ON_ONCE(shinfo->gso_size == GSO_BY_FRAGS)) return; shinfo->gso_size -= decrement; } void __skb_warn_lro_forwarding(const struct sk_buff *skb); static inline bool skb_warn_if_lro(const struct sk_buff *skb) { /* LRO sets gso_size but not gso_type, whereas if GSO is really * wanted then gso_type will be set. */ const struct skb_shared_info *shinfo = skb_shinfo(skb); if (skb_is_nonlinear(skb) && shinfo->gso_size != 0 && unlikely(shinfo->gso_type == 0)) { __skb_warn_lro_forwarding(skb); return true; } return false; } static inline void skb_forward_csum(struct sk_buff *skb) { /* Unfortunately we don't support this one. Any brave souls? */ if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; } /** * skb_checksum_none_assert - make sure skb ip_summed is CHECKSUM_NONE * @skb: skb to check * * fresh skbs have their ip_summed set to CHECKSUM_NONE. * Instead of forcing ip_summed to CHECKSUM_NONE, we can * use this helper, to document places where we make this assertion. */ static inline void skb_checksum_none_assert(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef DEBUG BUG_ON(skb->ip_summed != CHECKSUM_NONE); #endif } bool skb_partial_csum_set(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 start, u16 off); int skb_checksum_setup(struct sk_buff *skb, bool recalculate); struct sk_buff *skb_checksum_trimmed(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int transport_len, __sum16(*skb_chkf)(struct sk_buff *skb)); /** * skb_head_is_locked - Determine if the skb->head is locked down * @skb: skb to check * * The head on skbs build around a head frag can be removed if they are * not cloned. This function returns true if the skb head is locked down * due to either being allocated via kmalloc, or by being a clone with * multiple references to the head. */ static inline bool skb_head_is_locked(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return !skb->head_frag || skb_cloned(skb); } /* Local Checksum Offload. * Compute outer checksum based on the assumption that the * inner checksum will be offloaded later. * See Documentation/networking/checksum-offloads.rst for * explanation of how this works. * Fill in outer checksum adjustment (e.g. with sum of outer * pseudo-header) before calling. * Also ensure that inner checksum is in linear data area. */ static inline __wsum lco_csum(struct sk_buff *skb) { unsigned char *csum_start = skb_checksum_start(skb); unsigned char *l4_hdr = skb_transport_header(skb); __wsum partial; /* Start with complement of inner checksum adjustment */ partial = ~csum_unfold(*(__force __sum16 *)(csum_start + skb->csum_offset)); /* Add in checksum of our headers (incl. outer checksum * adjustment filled in by caller) and return result. */ return csum_partial(l4_hdr, csum_start - l4_hdr, partial); } static inline bool skb_is_redirected(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_REDIRECT return skb->redirected; #else return false; #endif } static inline void skb_set_redirected(struct sk_buff *skb, bool from_ingress) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_REDIRECT skb->redirected = 1; skb->from_ingress = from_ingress; if (skb->from_ingress) skb->tstamp = 0; #endif } static inline void skb_reset_redirect(struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_REDIRECT skb->redirected = 0; #endif } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KCOV) && IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SKB_EXTENSIONS) static inline void skb_set_kcov_handle(struct sk_buff *skb, const u64 kcov_handle) { /* Do not allocate skb extensions only to set kcov_handle to zero * (as it is zero by default). However, if the extensions are * already allocated, update kcov_handle anyway since * skb_set_kcov_handle can be called to zero a previously set * value. */ if (skb_has_extensions(skb) || kcov_handle) { u64 *kcov_handle_ptr = skb_ext_add(skb, SKB_EXT_KCOV_HANDLE); if (kcov_handle_ptr) *kcov_handle_ptr = kcov_handle; } } static inline u64 skb_get_kcov_handle(struct sk_buff *skb) { u64 *kcov_handle = skb_ext_find(skb, SKB_EXT_KCOV_HANDLE); return kcov_handle ? *kcov_handle : 0; } #else static inline void skb_set_kcov_handle(struct sk_buff *skb, const u64 kcov_handle) { } static inline u64 skb_get_kcov_handle(struct sk_buff *skb) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_KCOV && CONFIG_SKB_EXTENSIONS */ #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #endif /* _LINUX_SKBUFF_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_NETLINK_H #define __LINUX_NETLINK_H #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <net/scm.h> #include <uapi/linux/netlink.h> struct net; static inline struct nlmsghdr *nlmsg_hdr(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct nlmsghdr *)skb->data; } enum netlink_skb_flags { NETLINK_SKB_DST = 0x8, /* Dst set in sendto or sendmsg */ }; struct netlink_skb_parms { struct scm_creds creds; /* Skb credentials */ __u32 portid; __u32 dst_group; __u32 flags; struct sock *sk; bool nsid_is_set; int nsid; }; #define NETLINK_CB(skb) (*(struct netlink_skb_parms*)&((skb)->cb)) #define NETLINK_CREDS(skb) (&NETLINK_CB((skb)).creds) void netlink_table_grab(void); void netlink_table_ungrab(void); #define NL_CFG_F_NONROOT_RECV (1 << 0) #define NL_CFG_F_NONROOT_SEND (1 << 1) /* optional Netlink kernel configuration parameters */ struct netlink_kernel_cfg { unsigned int groups; unsigned int flags; void (*input)(struct sk_buff *skb); struct mutex *cb_mutex; int (*bind)(struct net *net, int group); void (*unbind)(struct net *net, int group); bool (*compare)(struct net *net, struct sock *sk); }; struct sock *__netlink_kernel_create(struct net *net, int unit, struct module *module, struct netlink_kernel_cfg *cfg); static inline struct sock * netlink_kernel_create(struct net *net, int unit, struct netlink_kernel_cfg *cfg) { return __netlink_kernel_create(net, unit, THIS_MODULE, cfg); } /* this can be increased when necessary - don't expose to userland */ #define NETLINK_MAX_COOKIE_LEN 20 /** * struct netlink_ext_ack - netlink extended ACK report struct * @_msg: message string to report - don't access directly, use * %NL_SET_ERR_MSG * @bad_attr: attribute with error * @policy: policy for a bad attribute * @cookie: cookie data to return to userspace (for success) * @cookie_len: actual cookie data length */ struct netlink_ext_ack { const char *_msg; const struct nlattr *bad_attr; const struct nla_policy *policy; u8 cookie[NETLINK_MAX_COOKIE_LEN]; u8 cookie_len; }; /* Always use this macro, this allows later putting the * message into a separate section or such for things * like translation or listing all possible messages. * Currently string formatting is not supported (due * to the lack of an output buffer.) */ #define NL_SET_ERR_MSG(extack, msg) do { \ static const char __msg[] = msg; \ struct netlink_ext_ack *__extack = (extack); \ \ if (__extack) \ __extack->_msg = __msg; \ } while (0) #define NL_SET_ERR_MSG_MOD(extack, msg) \ NL_SET_ERR_MSG((extack), KBUILD_MODNAME ": " msg) #define NL_SET_BAD_ATTR_POLICY(extack, attr, pol) do { \ if ((extack)) { \ (extack)->bad_attr = (attr); \ (extack)->policy = (pol); \ } \ } while (0) #define NL_SET_BAD_ATTR(extack, attr) NL_SET_BAD_ATTR_POLICY(extack, attr, NULL) #define NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR_POL(extack, attr, pol, msg) do { \ static const char __msg[] = msg; \ struct netlink_ext_ack *__extack = (extack); \ \ if (__extack) { \ __extack->_msg = __msg; \ __extack->bad_attr = (attr); \ __extack->policy = (pol); \ } \ } while (0) #define NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR(extack, attr, msg) \ NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR_POL(extack, attr, NULL, msg) static inline void nl_set_extack_cookie_u64(struct netlink_ext_ack *extack, u64 cookie) { u64 __cookie = cookie; if (!extack) return; memcpy(extack->cookie, &__cookie, sizeof(__cookie)); extack->cookie_len = sizeof(__cookie); } static inline void nl_set_extack_cookie_u32(struct netlink_ext_ack *extack, u32 cookie) { u32 __cookie = cookie; if (!extack) return; memcpy(extack->cookie, &__cookie, sizeof(__cookie)); extack->cookie_len = sizeof(__cookie); } void netlink_kernel_release(struct sock *sk); int __netlink_change_ngroups(struct sock *sk, unsigned int groups); int netlink_change_ngroups(struct sock *sk, unsigned int groups); void __netlink_clear_multicast_users(struct sock *sk, unsigned int group); void netlink_ack(struct sk_buff *in_skb, struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int err, const struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int netlink_has_listeners(struct sock *sk, unsigned int group); bool netlink_strict_get_check(struct sk_buff *skb); int netlink_unicast(struct sock *ssk, struct sk_buff *skb, __u32 portid, int nonblock); int netlink_broadcast(struct sock *ssk, struct sk_buff *skb, __u32 portid, __u32 group, gfp_t allocation); int netlink_broadcast_filtered(struct sock *ssk, struct sk_buff *skb, __u32 portid, __u32 group, gfp_t allocation, int (*filter)(struct sock *dsk, struct sk_buff *skb, void *data), void *filter_data); int netlink_set_err(struct sock *ssk, __u32 portid, __u32 group, int code); int netlink_register_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb); int netlink_unregister_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb); /* finegrained unicast helpers: */ struct sock *netlink_getsockbyfilp(struct file *filp); int netlink_attachskb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, long *timeo, struct sock *ssk); void netlink_detachskb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int netlink_sendskb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); static inline struct sk_buff * netlink_skb_clone(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t gfp_mask) { struct sk_buff *nskb; nskb = skb_clone(skb, gfp_mask); if (!nskb) return NULL; /* This is a large skb, set destructor callback to release head */ if (is_vmalloc_addr(skb->head)) nskb->destructor = skb->destructor; return nskb; } /* * skb should fit one page. This choice is good for headerless malloc. * But we should limit to 8K so that userspace does not have to * use enormous buffer sizes on recvmsg() calls just to avoid * MSG_TRUNC when PAGE_SIZE is very large. */ #if PAGE_SIZE < 8192UL #define NLMSG_GOODSIZE SKB_WITH_OVERHEAD(PAGE_SIZE) #else #define NLMSG_GOODSIZE SKB_WITH_OVERHEAD(8192UL) #endif #define NLMSG_DEFAULT_SIZE (NLMSG_GOODSIZE - NLMSG_HDRLEN) struct netlink_callback { struct sk_buff *skb; const struct nlmsghdr *nlh; int (*dump)(struct sk_buff * skb, struct netlink_callback *cb); int (*done)(struct netlink_callback *cb); void *data; /* the module that dump function belong to */ struct module *module; struct netlink_ext_ack *extack; u16 family; u16 answer_flags; u32 min_dump_alloc; unsigned int prev_seq, seq; bool strict_check; union { u8 ctx[48]; /* args is deprecated. Cast a struct over ctx instead * for proper type safety. */ long args[6]; }; }; struct netlink_notify { struct net *net; u32 portid; int protocol; }; struct nlmsghdr * __nlmsg_put(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, u32 seq, int type, int len, int flags); struct netlink_dump_control { int (*start)(struct netlink_callback *); int (*dump)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *); int (*done)(struct netlink_callback *); void *data; struct module *module; u32 min_dump_alloc; }; int __netlink_dump_start(struct sock *ssk, struct sk_buff *skb, const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, struct netlink_dump_control *control); static inline int netlink_dump_start(struct sock *ssk, struct sk_buff *skb, const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, struct netlink_dump_control *control) { if (!control->module) control->module = THIS_MODULE; return __netlink_dump_start(ssk, skb, nlh, control); } struct netlink_tap { struct net_device *dev; struct module *module; struct list_head list; }; int netlink_add_tap(struct netlink_tap *nt); int netlink_remove_tap(struct netlink_tap *nt); bool __netlink_ns_capable(const struct netlink_skb_parms *nsp, struct user_namespace *ns, int cap); bool netlink_ns_capable(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct user_namespace *ns, int cap); bool netlink_capable(const struct sk_buff *skb, int cap); bool netlink_net_capable(const struct sk_buff *skb, int cap); #endif /* __LINUX_NETLINK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 #ifndef __LINUX_MROUTE_BASE_H #define __LINUX_MROUTE_BASE_H #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/rhashtable-types.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <net/net_namespace.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <net/fib_notifier.h> #include <net/ip_fib.h> /** * struct vif_device - interface representor for multicast routing * @dev: network device being used * @bytes_in: statistic; bytes ingressing * @bytes_out: statistic; bytes egresing * @pkt_in: statistic; packets ingressing * @pkt_out: statistic; packets egressing * @rate_limit: Traffic shaping (NI) * @threshold: TTL threshold * @flags: Control flags * @link: Physical interface index * @dev_parent_id: device parent id * @local: Local address * @remote: Remote address for tunnels */ struct vif_device { struct net_device *dev; unsigned long bytes_in, bytes_out; unsigned long pkt_in, pkt_out; unsigned long rate_limit; unsigned char threshold; unsigned short flags; int link; /* Currently only used by ipmr */ struct netdev_phys_item_id dev_parent_id; __be32 local, remote; }; struct vif_entry_notifier_info { struct fib_notifier_info info; struct net_device *dev; unsigned short vif_index; unsigned short vif_flags; u32 tb_id; }; static inline int mr_call_vif_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned short family, enum fib_event_type event_type, struct vif_device *vif, unsigned short vif_index, u32 tb_id, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { struct vif_entry_notifier_info info = { .info = { .family = family, .extack = extack, }, .dev = vif->dev, .vif_index = vif_index, .vif_flags = vif->flags, .tb_id = tb_id, }; return call_fib_notifier(nb, event_type, &info.info); } static inline int mr_call_vif_notifiers(struct net *net, unsigned short family, enum fib_event_type event_type, struct vif_device *vif, unsigned short vif_index, u32 tb_id, unsigned int *ipmr_seq) { struct vif_entry_notifier_info info = { .info = { .family = family, }, .dev = vif->dev, .vif_index = vif_index, .vif_flags = vif->flags, .tb_id = tb_id, }; ASSERT_RTNL(); (*ipmr_seq)++; return call_fib_notifiers(net, event_type, &info.info); } #ifndef MAXVIFS /* This one is nasty; value is defined in uapi using different symbols for * mroute and morute6 but both map into same 32. */ #define MAXVIFS 32 #endif #define VIF_EXISTS(_mrt, _idx) (!!((_mrt)->vif_table[_idx].dev)) /* mfc_flags: * MFC_STATI