1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949 950 951 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960 961 962 963 964 965 966 967 968 969 970 971 972 973 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later /* * linux/drivers/net/netconsole.c * * Copyright (C) 2001 Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> * * This file contains the implementation of an IRQ-safe, crash-safe * kernel console implementation that outputs kernel messages to the * network. * * Modification history: * * 2001-09-17 started by Ingo Molnar. * 2003-08-11 2.6 port by Matt Mackall * simplified options * generic card hooks * works non-modular * 2003-09-07 rewritten with netpoll api */ /**************************************************************** * ****************************************************************/ #define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/console.h> #include <linux/moduleparam.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/netpoll.h> #include <linux/inet.h> #include <linux/configfs.h> #include <linux/etherdevice.h> MODULE_AUTHOR("Maintainer: Matt Mackall <mpm@selenic.com>"); MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Console driver for network interfaces"); MODULE_LICENSE("GPL"); #define MAX_PARAM_LENGTH 256 #define MAX_PRINT_CHUNK 1000 static char config[MAX_PARAM_LENGTH]; module_param_string(netconsole, config, MAX_PARAM_LENGTH, 0); MODULE_PARM_DESC(netconsole, " netconsole=[src-port]@[src-ip]/[dev],[tgt-port]@<tgt-ip>/[tgt-macaddr]"); static bool oops_only = false; module_param(oops_only, bool, 0600); MODULE_PARM_DESC(oops_only, "Only log oops messages"); #ifndef MODULE static int __init option_setup(char *opt) { strlcpy(config, opt, MAX_PARAM_LENGTH); return 1; } __setup("netconsole=", option_setup); #endif /* MODULE */ /* Linked list of all configured targets */ static LIST_HEAD(target_list); /* This needs to be a spinlock because write_msg() cannot sleep */ static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(target_list_lock); /* * Console driver for extended netconsoles. Registered on the first use to * avoid unnecessarily enabling ext message formatting. */ static struct console netconsole_ext; /** * struct netconsole_target - Represents a configured netconsole target. * @list: Links this target into the target_list. * @item: Links us into the configfs subsystem hierarchy. * @enabled: On / off knob to enable / disable target. * Visible from userspace (read-write). * We maintain a strict 1:1 correspondence between this and * whether the corresponding netpoll is active or inactive. * Also, other parameters of a target may be modified at * runtime only when it is disabled (enabled == 0). * @np: The netpoll structure for this target. * Contains the other userspace visible parameters: * dev_name (read-write) * local_port (read-write) * remote_port (read-write) * local_ip (read-write) * remote_ip (read-write) * local_mac (read-only) * remote_mac (read-write) */ struct netconsole_target { struct list_head list; #ifdef CONFIG_NETCONSOLE_DYNAMIC struct config_item item; #endif bool enabled; bool extended; struct netpoll np; }; #ifdef CONFIG_NETCONSOLE_DYNAMIC static struct configfs_subsystem netconsole_subsys; static DEFINE_MUTEX(dynamic_netconsole_mutex); static int __init dynamic_netconsole_init(void) { config_group_init(&netconsole_subsys.su_group); mutex_init(&netconsole_subsys.su_mutex); return configfs_register_subsystem(&netconsole_subsys); } static void __exit dynamic_netconsole_exit(void) { configfs_unregister_subsystem(&netconsole_subsys); } /* * Targets that were created by parsing the boot/module option string * do not exist in the configfs hierarchy (and have NULL names) and will * never go away, so make these a no-op for them. */ static void netconsole_target_get(struct netconsole_target *nt) { if (config_item_name(&nt->item)) config_item_get(&nt->item); } static void netconsole_target_put(struct netconsole_target *nt) { if (config_item_name(&nt->item)) config_item_put(&nt->item); } #else /* !CONFIG_NETCONSOLE_DYNAMIC */ static int __init dynamic_netconsole_init(void) { return 0; } static void __exit dynamic_netconsole_exit(void) { } /* * No danger of targets going away from under us when dynamic * reconfigurability is off. */ static void netconsole_target_get(struct netconsole_target *nt) { } static void netconsole_target_put(struct netconsole_target *nt) { } #endif /* CONFIG_NETCONSOLE_DYNAMIC */ /* Allocate new target (from boot/module param) and setup netpoll for it */ static struct netconsole_target *alloc_param_target(char *target_config) { int err = -ENOMEM; struct netconsole_target *nt; /* * Allocate and initialize with defaults. * Note that these targets get their config_item fields zeroed-out. */ nt = kzalloc(sizeof(*nt), GFP_KERNEL); if (!nt) goto fail; nt->np.name = "netconsole"; strlcpy(nt->np.dev_name, "eth0", IFNAMSIZ); nt->np.local_port = 6665; nt->np.remote_port = 6666; eth_broadcast_addr(nt->np.remote_mac); if (*target_config == '+') { nt->extended = true; target_config++; } /* Parse parameters and setup netpoll */ err = netpoll_parse_options(&nt->np, target_config); if (err) goto fail; err = netpoll_setup(&nt->np); if (err) goto fail; nt->enabled = true; return nt; fail: kfree(nt); return ERR_PTR(err); } /* Cleanup netpoll for given target (from boot/module param) and free it */ static void free_param_target(struct netconsole_target *nt) { netpoll_cleanup(&nt->np); kfree(nt); } #ifdef CONFIG_NETCONSOLE_DYNAMIC /* * Our subsystem hierarchy is: * * /sys/kernel/config/netconsole/ * | * <target>/ * | enabled * | dev_name * | local_port * | remote_port * | local_ip * | remote_ip * | local_mac * | remote_mac * | * <target>/... */ static struct netconsole_target *to_target(struct config_item *item) { return item ? container_of(item, struct netconsole_target, item) : NULL; } /* * Attribute operations for netconsole_target. */ static ssize_t enabled_show(struct config_item *item, char *buf) { return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%d\n", to_target(item)->enabled); } static ssize_t extended_show(struct config_item *item, char *buf) { return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%d\n", to_target(item)->extended); } static ssize_t dev_name_show(struct config_item *item, char *buf) { return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%s\n", to_target(item)->np.dev_name); } static ssize_t local_port_show(struct config_item *item, char *buf) { return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%d\n", to_target(item)->np.local_port); } static ssize_t remote_port_show(struct config_item *item, char *buf) { return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%d\n", to_target(item)->np.remote_port); } static ssize_t local_ip_show(struct config_item *item, char *buf) { struct netconsole_target *nt = to_target(item); if (nt->np.ipv6) return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%pI6c\n", &nt->np.local_ip.in6); else return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%pI4\n", &nt->np.local_ip); } static ssize_t remote_ip_show(struct config_item *item, char *buf) { struct netconsole_target *nt = to_target(item); if (nt->np.ipv6) return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%pI6c\n", &nt->np.remote_ip.in6); else return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%pI4\n", &nt->np.remote_ip); } static ssize_t local_mac_show(struct config_item *item, char *buf) { struct net_device *dev = to_target(item)->np.dev; static const u8 bcast[ETH_ALEN] = { 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff }; return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%pM\n", dev ? dev->dev_addr : bcast); } static ssize_t remote_mac_show(struct config_item *item, char *buf) { return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%pM\n", to_target(item)->np.remote_mac); } /* * This one is special -- targets created through the configfs interface * are not enabled (and the corresponding netpoll activated) by default. * The user is expected to set the desired parameters first (which * would enable him to dynamically add new netpoll targets for new * network interfaces as and when they come up). */ static ssize_t enabled_store(struct config_item *item, const char *buf, size_t count) { struct netconsole_target *nt = to_target(item); unsigned long flags; int enabled; int err; mutex_lock(&dynamic_netconsole_mutex); err = kstrtoint(buf, 10, &enabled); if (err < 0) goto out_unlock; err = -EINVAL; if (enabled < 0 || enabled > 1) goto out_unlock; if ((bool)enabled == nt->enabled) { pr_info("network logging has already %s\n", nt->enabled ? "started" : "stopped"); goto out_unlock; } if (enabled) { /* true */ if (nt->extended && !(netconsole_ext.flags & CON_ENABLED)) { netconsole_ext.flags |= CON_ENABLED; register_console(&netconsole_ext); } /* * Skip netpoll_parse_options() -- all the attributes are * already configured via configfs. Just print them out. */ netpoll_print_options(&nt->np); err = netpoll_setup(&nt->np); if (err) goto out_unlock; pr_info("network logging started\n"); } else { /* false */ /* We need to disable the netconsole before cleaning it up * otherwise we might end up in write_msg() with * nt->np.dev == NULL and nt->enabled == true */ spin_lock_irqsave(&target_list_lock, flags); nt->enabled = false; spin_unlock_irqrestore(&target_list_lock, flags); netpoll_cleanup(&nt->np); } nt->enabled = enabled; mutex_unlock(&dynamic_netconsole_mutex); return strnlen(buf, count); out_unlock: mutex_unlock(&dynamic_netconsole_mutex); return err; } static ssize_t extended_store(struct config_item *item, const char *buf, size_t count) { struct netconsole_target *nt = to_target(item); int extended; int err; mutex_lock(&dynamic_netconsole_mutex); if (nt->enabled) { pr_err("target (%s) is enabled, disable to update parameters\n", config_item_name(&nt->item)); err = -EINVAL; goto out_unlock; } err = kstrtoint(buf, 10, &extended); if (err < 0) goto out_unlock; if (extended < 0 || extended > 1) { err = -EINVAL; goto out_unlock; } nt->extended = extended; mutex_unlock(&dynamic_netconsole_mutex); return strnlen(buf, count); out_unlock: mutex_unlock(&dynamic_netconsole_mutex); return err; } static ssize_t dev_name_store(struct config_item *item, const char *buf, size_t count) { struct netconsole_target *nt = to_target(item); size_t len; mutex_lock(&dynamic_netconsole_mutex); if (nt->enabled) { pr_err("target (%s) is enabled, disable to update parameters\n", config_item_name(&nt->item)); mutex_unlock(&dynamic_netconsole_mutex); return -EINVAL; } strlcpy(nt->np.dev_name, buf, IFNAMSIZ); /* Get rid of possible trailing newline from echo(1) */ len = strnlen(nt->np.dev_name, IFNAMSIZ); if (nt->np.dev_name[len - 1] == '\n') nt->np.dev_name[len - 1] = '\0'; mutex_unlock(&dynamic_netconsole_mutex); return strnlen(buf, count); } static ssize_t local_port_store(struct config_item *item, const char *buf, size_t count) { struct netconsole_target *nt = to_target(item); int rv = -EINVAL; mutex_lock(&dynamic_netconsole_mutex); if (nt->enabled) { pr_err("target (%s) is enabled, disable to update parameters\n", config_item_name(&nt->item)); goto out_unlock; } rv = kstrtou16(buf, 10, &nt->np.local_port); if (rv < 0) goto out_unlock; mutex_unlock(&dynamic_netconsole_mutex); return strnlen(buf, count); out_unlock: mutex_unlock(&dynamic_netconsole_mutex); return rv; } static ssize_t remote_port_store(struct config_item *item, const char *buf, size_t count) { struct netconsole_target *nt = to_target(item); int rv = -EINVAL; mutex_lock(&dynamic_netconsole_mutex); if (nt->enabled) { pr_err("target (%s) is enabled, disable to update parameters\n", config_item_name(&nt->item)); goto out_unlock; } rv = kstrtou16(buf, 10, &nt->np.remote_port); if (rv < 0) goto out_unlock; mutex_unlock(&dynamic_netconsole_mutex); return strnlen(buf, count); out_unlock: mutex_unlock(&dynamic_netconsole_mutex); return rv; } static ssize_t local_ip_store(struct config_item *item, const char *buf, size_t count) { struct netconsole_target *nt = to_target(item); mutex_lock(&dynamic_netconsole_mutex); if (nt->enabled) { pr_err("target (%s) is enabled, disable to update parameters\n", config_item_name(&nt->item)); goto out_unlock; } if (strnchr(buf, count, ':')) { const char *end; if (in6_pton(buf, count, nt->np.local_ip.in6.s6_addr, -1, &end) > 0) { if (*end && *end != '\n') { pr_err("invalid IPv6 address at: <%c>\n", *end); goto out_unlock; } nt->np.ipv6 = true; } else goto out_unlock; } else { if (!nt->np.ipv6) { nt->np.local_ip.ip = in_aton(buf); } else goto out_unlock; } mutex_unlock(&dynamic_netconsole_mutex); return strnlen(buf, count); out_unlock: mutex_unlock(&dynamic_netconsole_mutex); return -EINVAL; } static ssize_t remote_ip_store(struct config_item *item, const char *buf, size_t count) { struct netconsole_target *nt = to_target(item); mutex_lock(&dynamic_netconsole_mutex); if (nt->enabled) { pr_err("target (%s) is enabled, disable to update parameters\n", config_item_name(&nt->item)); goto out_unlock; } if (strnchr(buf, count, ':')) { const char *end; if (in6_pton(buf, count, nt->np.remote_ip.in6.s6_addr, -1, &end) > 0) { if (*end && *end != '\n') { pr_err("invalid IPv6 address at: <%c>\n", *end); goto out_unlock; } nt->np.ipv6 = true; } else goto out_unlock; } else { if (!nt->np.ipv6) { nt->np.remote_ip.ip = in_aton(buf); } else goto out_unlock; } mutex_unlock(&dynamic_netconsole_mutex); return strnlen(buf, count); out_unlock: mutex_unlock(&dynamic_netconsole_mutex); return -EINVAL; } static ssize_t remote_mac_store(struct config_item *item, const char *buf, size_t count) { struct netconsole_target *nt = to_target(item); u8 remote_mac[ETH_ALEN]; mutex_lock(&dynamic_netconsole_mutex); if (nt->enabled) { pr_err("target (%s) is enabled, disable to update parameters\n", config_item_name(&nt->item)); goto out_unlock; } if (!mac_pton(buf, remote_mac)) goto out_unlock; if (buf[3 * ETH_ALEN - 1] && buf[3 * ETH_ALEN - 1] != '\n') goto out_unlock; memcpy(nt->np.remote_mac, remote_mac, ETH_ALEN); mutex_unlock(&dynamic_netconsole_mutex); return strnlen(buf, count); out_unlock: mutex_unlock(&dynamic_netconsole_mutex); return -EINVAL; } CONFIGFS_ATTR(, enabled); CONFIGFS_ATTR(, extended); CONFIGFS_ATTR(, dev_name); CONFIGFS_ATTR(, local_port); CONFIGFS_ATTR(, remote_port); CONFIGFS_ATTR(, local_ip); CONFIGFS_ATTR(, remote_ip); CONFIGFS_ATTR_RO(, local_mac); CONFIGFS_ATTR(, remote_mac); static struct configfs_attribute *netconsole_target_attrs[] = { &attr_enabled, &attr_extended, &attr_dev_name, &attr_local_port, &attr_remote_port, &attr_local_ip, &attr_remote_ip, &attr_local_mac, &attr_remote_mac, NULL, }; /* * Item operations and type for netconsole_target. */ static void netconsole_target_release(struct config_item *item) { kfree(to_target(item)); } static struct configfs_item_operations netconsole_target_item_ops = { .release = netconsole_target_release, }; static const struct config_item_type netconsole_target_type = { .ct_attrs = netconsole_target_attrs, .ct_item_ops = &netconsole_target_item_ops, .ct_owner = THIS_MODULE, }; /* * Group operations and type for netconsole_subsys. */ static struct config_item *make_netconsole_target(struct config_group *group, const char *name) { unsigned long flags; struct netconsole_target *nt; /* * Allocate and initialize with defaults. * Target is disabled at creation (!enabled). */ nt = kzalloc(sizeof(*nt), GFP_KERNEL); if (!nt) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); nt->np.name = "netconsole"; strlcpy(nt->np.dev_name, "eth0", IFNAMSIZ); nt->np.local_port = 6665; nt->np.remote_port = 6666; eth_broadcast_addr(nt->np.remote_mac); /* Initialize the config_item member */ config_item_init_type_name(&nt->item, name, &netconsole_target_type); /* Adding, but it is disabled */ spin_lock_irqsave(&target_list_lock, flags); list_add(&nt->list, &target_list); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&target_list_lock, flags); return &nt->item; } static void drop_netconsole_target(struct config_group *group, struct config_item *item) { unsigned long flags; struct netconsole_target *nt = to_target(item); spin_lock_irqsave(&target_list_lock, flags); list_del(&nt->list); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&target_list_lock, flags); /* * The target may have never been enabled, or was manually disabled * before being removed so netpoll may have already been cleaned up. */ if (nt->enabled) netpoll_cleanup(&nt->np); config_item_put(&nt->item); } static struct configfs_group_operations netconsole_subsys_group_ops = { .make_item = make_netconsole_target, .drop_item = drop_netconsole_target, }; static const struct config_item_type netconsole_subsys_type = { .ct_group_ops = &netconsole_subsys_group_ops, .ct_owner = THIS_MODULE, }; /* The netconsole configfs subsystem */ static struct configfs_subsystem netconsole_subsys = { .su_group = { .cg_item = { .ci_namebuf = "netconsole", .ci_type = &netconsole_subsys_type, }, }, }; #endif /* CONFIG_NETCONSOLE_DYNAMIC */ /* Handle network interface device notifications */ static int netconsole_netdev_event(struct notifier_block *this, unsigned long event, void *ptr) { unsigned long flags; struct netconsole_target *nt; struct net_device *dev = netdev_notifier_info_to_dev(ptr); bool stopped = false; if (!(event == NETDEV_CHANGENAME || event == NETDEV_UNREGISTER || event == NETDEV_RELEASE || event == NETDEV_JOIN)) goto done; spin_lock_irqsave(&target_list_lock, flags); restart: list_for_each_entry(nt, &target_list, list) { netconsole_target_get(nt); if (nt->np.dev == dev) { switch (event) { case NETDEV_CHANGENAME: strlcpy(nt->np.dev_name, dev->name, IFNAMSIZ); break; case NETDEV_RELEASE: case NETDEV_JOIN: case NETDEV_UNREGISTER: /* rtnl_lock already held * we might sleep in __netpoll_cleanup() */ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&target_list_lock, flags); __netpoll_cleanup(&nt->np); spin_lock_irqsave(&target_list_lock, flags); dev_put(nt->np.dev); nt->np.dev = NULL; nt->enabled = false; stopped = true; netconsole_target_put(nt); goto restart; } } netconsole_target_put(nt); } spin_unlock_irqrestore(&target_list_lock, flags); if (stopped) { const char *msg = "had an event"; switch (event) { case NETDEV_UNREGISTER: msg = "unregistered"; break; case NETDEV_RELEASE: msg = "released slaves"; break; case NETDEV_JOIN: msg = "is joining a master device"; break; } pr_info("network logging stopped on interface %s as it %s\n", dev->name, msg); } done: return NOTIFY_DONE; } static struct notifier_block netconsole_netdev_notifier = { .notifier_call = netconsole_netdev_event, }; /** * send_ext_msg_udp - send extended log message to target * @nt: target to send message to * @msg: extended log message to send * @msg_len: length of message * * Transfer extended log @msg to @nt. If @msg is longer than * MAX_PRINT_CHUNK, it'll be split and transmitted in multiple chunks with * ncfrag header field added to identify them. */ static void send_ext_msg_udp(struct netconsole_target *nt, const char *msg, int msg_len) { static char buf[MAX_PRINT_CHUNK]; /* protected by target_list_lock */ const char *header, *body; int offset = 0; int header_len, body_len; if (msg_len <= MAX_PRINT_CHUNK) { netpoll_send_udp(&nt->np, msg, msg_len); return; } /* need to insert extra header fields, detect header and body */ header = msg; body = memchr(msg, ';', msg_len); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!body)) return; header_len = body - header; body_len = msg_len - header_len - 1; body++; /* * Transfer multiple chunks with the following extra header. * "ncfrag=<byte-offset>/<total-bytes>" */ memcpy(buf, header, header_len); while (offset < body_len) { int this_header = header_len; int this_chunk; this_header += scnprintf(buf + this_header, sizeof(buf) - this_header, ",ncfrag=%d/%d;", offset, body_len); this_chunk = min(body_len - offset, MAX_PRINT_CHUNK - this_header); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(this_chunk <= 0)) return; memcpy(buf + this_header, body + offset, this_chunk); netpoll_send_udp(&nt->np, buf, this_header + this_chunk); offset += this_chunk; } } static void write_ext_msg(struct console *con, const char *msg, unsigned int len) { struct netconsole_target *nt; unsigned long flags; if ((oops_only && !oops_in_progress) || list_empty(&target_list)) return; spin_lock_irqsave(&target_list_lock, flags); list_for_each_entry(nt, &target_list, list) if (nt->extended && nt->enabled && netif_running(nt->np.dev)) send_ext_msg_udp(nt, msg, len); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&target_list_lock, flags); } static void write_msg(struct console *con, const char *msg, unsigned int len) { int frag, left; unsigned long flags; struct netconsole_target *nt; const char *tmp; if (oops_only && !oops_in_progress) return; /* Avoid taking lock and disabling interrupts unnecessarily */ if (list_empty(&target_list)) return; spin_lock_irqsave(&target_list_lock, flags); list_for_each_entry(nt, &target_list, list) { if (!nt->extended && nt->enabled && netif_running(nt->np.dev)) { /* * We nest this inside the for-each-target loop above * so that we're able to get as much logging out to * at least one target if we die inside here, instead * of unnecessarily keeping all targets in lock-step. */ tmp = msg; for (left = len; left;) { frag = min(left, MAX_PRINT_CHUNK); netpoll_send_udp(&nt->np, tmp, frag); tmp += frag; left -= frag; } } } spin_unlock_irqrestore(&target_list_lock, flags); } static struct console netconsole_ext = { .name = "netcon_ext", .flags = CON_EXTENDED, /* starts disabled, registered on first use */ .write = write_ext_msg, }; static struct console netconsole = { .name = "netcon", .flags = CON_ENABLED, .write = write_msg, }; static int __init init_netconsole(void) { int err; struct netconsole_target *nt, *tmp; unsigned long flags; char *target_config; char *input = config; if (strnlen(input, MAX_PARAM_LENGTH)) { while ((target_config = strsep(&input, ";"))) { nt = alloc_param_target(target_config); if (IS_ERR(nt)) { err = PTR_ERR(nt); goto fail; } /* Dump existing printks when we register */ if (nt->extended) netconsole_ext.flags |= CON_PRINTBUFFER | CON_ENABLED; else netconsole.flags |= CON_PRINTBUFFER; spin_lock_irqsave(&target_list_lock, flags); list_add(&nt->list, &target_list); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&target_list_lock, flags); } } err = register_netdevice_notifier(&netconsole_netdev_notifier); if (err) goto fail; err = dynamic_netconsole_init(); if (err) goto undonotifier; if (netconsole_ext.flags & CON_ENABLED) register_console(&netconsole_ext); register_console(&netconsole); pr_info("network logging started\n"); return err; undonotifier: unregister_netdevice_notifier(&netconsole_netdev_notifier); fail: pr_err("cleaning up\n"); /* * Remove all targets and destroy them (only targets created * from the boot/module option exist here). Skipping the list * lock is safe here, and netpoll_cleanup() will sleep. */ list_for_each_entry_safe(nt, tmp, &target_list, list) { list_del(&nt->list); free_param_target(nt); } return err; } static void __exit cleanup_netconsole(void) { struct netconsole_target *nt, *tmp; unregister_console(&netconsole_ext); unregister_console(&netconsole); dynamic_netconsole_exit(); unregister_netdevice_notifier(&netconsole_netdev_notifier); /* * Targets created via configfs pin references on our module * and would first be rmdir(2)'ed from userspace. We reach * here only when they are already destroyed, and only those * created from the boot/module option are left, so remove and * destroy them. Skipping the list lock is safe here, and * netpoll_cleanup() will sleep. */ list_for_each_entry_safe(nt, tmp, &target_list, list) { list_del(&nt->list); free_param_target(nt); } } /* * Use late_initcall to ensure netconsole is * initialized after network device driver if built-in. * * late_initcall() and module_init() are identical if built as module. */ late_initcall(init_netconsole); module_exit(cleanup_netconsole);
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949 950 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * mm/truncate.c - code for taking down pages from address_spaces * * Copyright (C) 2002, Linus Torvalds * * 10Sep2002 Andrew Morton * Initial version. */ #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/backing-dev.h> #include <linux/dax.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/pagevec.h> #include <linux/task_io_accounting_ops.h> #include <linux/buffer_head.h> /* grr. try_to_release_page, do_invalidatepage */ #include <linux/shmem_fs.h> #include <linux/cleancache.h> #include <linux/rmap.h> #include "internal.h" /* * Regular page slots are stabilized by the page lock even without the tree * itself locked. These unlocked entries need verification under the tree * lock. */ static inline void __clear_shadow_entry(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, void *entry) { XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, index); xas_set_update(&xas, workingset_update_node); if (xas_load(&xas) != entry) return; xas_store(&xas, NULL); mapping->nrexceptional--; } static void clear_shadow_entry(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, void *entry) { xa_lock_irq(&mapping->i_pages); __clear_shadow_entry(mapping, index, entry); xa_unlock_irq(&mapping->i_pages); } /* * Unconditionally remove exceptional entries. Usually called from truncate * path. Note that the pagevec may be altered by this function by removing * exceptional entries similar to what pagevec_remove_exceptionals does. */ static void truncate_exceptional_pvec_entries(struct address_space *mapping, struct pagevec *pvec, pgoff_t *indices, pgoff_t end) { int i, j; bool dax, lock; /* Handled by shmem itself */ if (shmem_mapping(mapping)) return; for (j = 0; j < pagevec_count(pvec); j++) if (xa_is_value(pvec->pages[j])) break; if (j == pagevec_count(pvec)) return; dax = dax_mapping(mapping); lock = !dax && indices[j] < end; if (lock) xa_lock_irq(&mapping->i_pages); for (i = j; i < pagevec_count(pvec); i++) { struct page *page = pvec->pages[i]; pgoff_t index = indices[i]; if (!xa_is_value(page)) { pvec->pages[j++] = page; continue; } if (index >= end) continue; if (unlikely(dax)) { dax_delete_mapping_entry(mapping, index); continue; } __clear_shadow_entry(mapping, index, page); } if (lock) xa_unlock_irq(&mapping->i_pages); pvec->nr = j; } /* * Invalidate exceptional entry if easily possible. This handles exceptional * entries for invalidate_inode_pages(). */ static int invalidate_exceptional_entry(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, void *entry) { /* Handled by shmem itself, or for DAX we do nothing. */ if (shmem_mapping(mapping) || dax_mapping(mapping)) return 1; clear_shadow_entry(mapping, index, entry); return 1; } /* * Invalidate exceptional entry if clean. This handles exceptional entries for * invalidate_inode_pages2() so for DAX it evicts only clean entries. */ static int invalidate_exceptional_entry2(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, void *entry) { /* Handled by shmem itself */ if (shmem_mapping(mapping)) return 1; if (dax_mapping(mapping)) return dax_invalidate_mapping_entry_sync(mapping, index); clear_shadow_entry(mapping, index, entry); return 1; } /** * do_invalidatepage - invalidate part or all of a page * @page: the page which is affected * @offset: start of the range to invalidate * @length: length of the range to invalidate * * do_invalidatepage() is called when all or part of the page has become * invalidated by a truncate operation. * * do_invalidatepage() does not have to release all buffers, but it must * ensure that no dirty buffer is left outside @offset and that no I/O * is underway against any of the blocks which are outside the truncation * point. Because the caller is about to free (and possibly reuse) those * blocks on-disk. */ void do_invalidatepage(struct page *page, unsigned int offset, unsigned int length) { void (*invalidatepage)(struct page *, unsigned int, unsigned int); invalidatepage = page->mapping->a_ops->invalidatepage; #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK if (!invalidatepage) invalidatepage = block_invalidatepage; #endif if (invalidatepage) (*invalidatepage)(page, offset, length); } /* * If truncate cannot remove the fs-private metadata from the page, the page * becomes orphaned. It will be left on the LRU and may even be mapped into * user pagetables if we're racing with filemap_fault(). * * We need to bail out if page->mapping is no longer equal to the original * mapping. This happens a) when the VM reclaimed the page while we waited on * its lock, b) when a concurrent invalidate_mapping_pages got there first and * c) when tmpfs swizzles a page between a tmpfs inode and swapper_space. */ static void truncate_cleanup_page(struct page *page) { if (page_mapped(page)) unmap_mapping_page(page); if (page_has_private(page)) do_invalidatepage(page, 0, thp_size(page)); /* * Some filesystems seem to re-dirty the page even after * the VM has canceled the dirty bit (eg ext3 journaling). * Hence dirty accounting check is placed after invalidation. */ cancel_dirty_page(page); ClearPageMappedToDisk(page); } /* * This is for invalidate_mapping_pages(). That function can be called at * any time, and is not supposed to throw away dirty pages. But pages can * be marked dirty at any time too, so use remove_mapping which safely * discards clean, unused pages. * * Returns non-zero if the page was successfully invalidated. */ static int invalidate_complete_page(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page) { int ret; if (page->mapping != mapping) return 0; if (page_has_private(page) && !try_to_release_page(page, 0)) return 0; ret = remove_mapping(mapping, page); return ret; } int truncate_inode_page(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageTail(page), page); if (page->mapping != mapping) return -EIO; truncate_cleanup_page(page); delete_from_page_cache(page); return 0; } /* * Used to get rid of pages on hardware memory corruption. */ int generic_error_remove_page(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page) { if (!mapping) return -EINVAL; /* * Only punch for normal data pages for now. * Handling other types like directories would need more auditing. */ if (!S_ISREG(mapping->host->i_mode)) return -EIO; return truncate_inode_page(mapping, page); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_error_remove_page); /* * Safely invalidate one page from its pagecache mapping. * It only drops clean, unused pages. The page must be locked. * * Returns 1 if the page is successfully invalidated, otherwise 0. */ int invalidate_inode_page(struct page *page) { struct address_space *mapping = page_mapping(page); if (!mapping) return 0; if (PageDirty(page) || PageWriteback(page)) return 0; if (page_mapped(page)) return 0; return invalidate_complete_page(mapping, page); } /** * truncate_inode_pages_range - truncate range of pages specified by start & end byte offsets * @mapping: mapping to truncate * @lstart: offset from which to truncate * @lend: offset to which to truncate (inclusive) * * Truncate the page cache, removing the pages that are between * specified offsets (and zeroing out partial pages * if lstart or lend + 1 is not page aligned). * * Truncate takes two passes - the first pass is nonblocking. It will not * block on page locks and it will not block on writeback. The second pass * will wait. This is to prevent as much IO as possible in the affected region. * The first pass will remove most pages, so the search cost of the second pass * is low. * * We pass down the cache-hot hint to the page freeing code. Even if the * mapping is large, it is probably the case that the final pages are the most * recently touched, and freeing happens in ascending file offset order. * * Note that since ->invalidatepage() accepts range to invalidate * truncate_inode_pages_range is able to handle cases where lend + 1 is not * page aligned properly. */ void truncate_inode_pages_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend) { pgoff_t start; /* inclusive */ pgoff_t end; /* exclusive */ unsigned int partial_start; /* inclusive */ unsigned int partial_end; /* exclusive */ struct pagevec pvec; pgoff_t indices[PAGEVEC_SIZE]; pgoff_t index; int i; if (mapping->nrpages == 0 && mapping->nrexceptional == 0) goto out; /* Offsets within partial pages */ partial_start = lstart & (PAGE_SIZE - 1); partial_end = (lend + 1) & (PAGE_SIZE - 1); /* * 'start' and 'end' always covers the range of pages to be fully * truncated. Partial pages are covered with 'partial_start' at the * start of the range and 'partial_end' at the end of the range. * Note that 'end' is exclusive while 'lend' is inclusive. */ start = (lstart + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (lend == -1) /* * lend == -1 indicates end-of-file so we have to set 'end' * to the highest possible pgoff_t and since the type is * unsigned we're using -1. */ end = -1; else end = (lend + 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; pagevec_init(&pvec); index = start; while (index < end && pagevec_lookup_entries(&pvec, mapping, index, min(end - index, (pgoff_t)PAGEVEC_SIZE), indices)) { /* * Pagevec array has exceptional entries and we may also fail * to lock some pages. So we store pages that can be deleted * in a new pagevec. */ struct pagevec locked_pvec; pagevec_init(&locked_pvec); for (i = 0; i < pagevec_count(&pvec); i++) { struct page *page = pvec.pages[i]; /* We rely upon deletion not changing page->index */ index = indices[i]; if (index >= end) break; if (xa_is_value(page)) continue; if (!trylock_page(page)) continue; WARN_ON(page_to_index(page) != index); if (PageWriteback(page)) { unlock_page(page); continue; } if (page->mapping != mapping) { unlock_page(page); continue; } pagevec_add(&locked_pvec, page); } for (i = 0; i < pagevec_count(&locked_pvec); i++) truncate_cleanup_page(locked_pvec.pages[i]); delete_from_page_cache_batch(mapping, &locked_pvec); for (i = 0; i < pagevec_count(&locked_pvec); i++) unlock_page(locked_pvec.pages[i]); truncate_exceptional_pvec_entries(mapping, &pvec, indices, end); pagevec_release(&pvec); cond_resched(); index++; } if (partial_start) { struct page *page = find_lock_page(mapping, start - 1); if (page) { unsigned int top = PAGE_SIZE; if (start > end) { /* Truncation within a single page */ top = partial_end; partial_end = 0; } wait_on_page_writeback(page); zero_user_segment(page, partial_start, top); cleancache_invalidate_page(mapping, page); if (page_has_private(page)) do_invalidatepage(page, partial_start, top - partial_start); unlock_page(page); put_page(page); } } if (partial_end) { struct page *page = find_lock_page(mapping, end); if (page) { wait_on_page_writeback(page); zero_user_segment(page, 0, partial_end); cleancache_invalidate_page(mapping, page); if (page_has_private(page)) do_invalidatepage(page, 0, partial_end); unlock_page(page); put_page(page); } } /* * If the truncation happened within a single page no pages * will be released, just zeroed, so we can bail out now. */ if (start >= end) goto out; index = start; for ( ; ; ) { cond_resched(); if (!pagevec_lookup_entries(&pvec, mapping, index, min(end - index, (pgoff_t)PAGEVEC_SIZE), indices)) { /* If all gone from start onwards, we're done */ if (index == start) break; /* Otherwise restart to make sure all gone */ index = start; continue; } if (index == start && indices[0] >= end) { /* All gone out of hole to be punched, we're done */ pagevec_remove_exceptionals(&pvec); pagevec_release(&pvec); break; } for (i = 0; i < pagevec_count(&pvec); i++) { struct page *page = pvec.pages[i]; /* We rely upon deletion not changing page->index */ index = indices[i]; if (index >= end) { /* Restart punch to make sure all gone */ index = start - 1; break; } if (xa_is_value(page)) continue; lock_page(page); WARN_ON(page_to_index(page) != index); wait_on_page_writeback(page); truncate_inode_page(mapping, page); unlock_page(page); } truncate_exceptional_pvec_entries(mapping, &pvec, indices, end); pagevec_release(&pvec); index++; } out: cleancache_invalidate_inode(mapping); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(truncate_inode_pages_range); /** * truncate_inode_pages - truncate *all* the pages from an offset * @mapping: mapping to truncate * @lstart: offset from which to truncate * * Called under (and serialised by) inode->i_mutex. * * Note: When this function returns, there can be a page in the process of * deletion (inside __delete_from_page_cache()) in the specified range. Thus * mapping->nrpages can be non-zero when this function returns even after * truncation of the whole mapping. */ void truncate_inode_pages(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t lstart) { truncate_inode_pages_range(mapping, lstart, (loff_t)-1); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(truncate_inode_pages); /** * truncate_inode_pages_final - truncate *all* pages before inode dies * @mapping: mapping to truncate * * Called under (and serialized by) inode->i_mutex. * * Filesystems have to use this in the .evict_inode path to inform the * VM that this is the final truncate and the inode is going away. */ void truncate_inode_pages_final(struct address_space *mapping) { unsigned long nrexceptional; unsigned long nrpages; /* * Page reclaim can not participate in regular inode lifetime * management (can't call iput()) and thus can race with the * inode teardown. Tell it when the address space is exiting, * so that it does not install eviction information after the * final truncate has begun. */ mapping_set_exiting(mapping); /* * When reclaim installs eviction entries, it increases * nrexceptional first, then decreases nrpages. Make sure we see * this in the right order or we might miss an entry. */ nrpages = mapping->nrpages; smp_rmb(); nrexceptional = mapping->nrexceptional; if (nrpages || nrexceptional) { /* * As truncation uses a lockless tree lookup, cycle * the tree lock to make sure any ongoing tree * modification that does not see AS_EXITING is * completed before starting the final truncate. */ xa_lock_irq(&mapping->i_pages); xa_unlock_irq(&mapping->i_pages); } /* * Cleancache needs notification even if there are no pages or shadow * entries. */ truncate_inode_pages(mapping, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(truncate_inode_pages_final); static unsigned long __invalidate_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t end, unsigned long *nr_pagevec) { pgoff_t indices[PAGEVEC_SIZE]; struct pagevec pvec; pgoff_t index = start; unsigned long ret; unsigned long count = 0; int i; pagevec_init(&pvec); while (index <= end && pagevec_lookup_entries(&pvec, mapping, index, min(end - index, (pgoff_t)PAGEVEC_SIZE - 1) + 1, indices)) { for (i = 0; i < pagevec_count(&pvec); i++) { struct page *page = pvec.pages[i]; /* We rely upon deletion not changing page->index */ index = indices[i]; if (index > end) break; if (xa_is_value(page)) { invalidate_exceptional_entry(mapping, index, page); continue; } if (!trylock_page(page)) continue; WARN_ON(page_to_index(page) != index); /* Middle of THP: skip */ if (PageTransTail(page)) { unlock_page(page); continue; } else if (PageTransHuge(page)) { index += HPAGE_PMD_NR - 1; i += HPAGE_PMD_NR - 1; /* * 'end' is in the middle of THP. Don't * invalidate the page as the part outside of * 'end' could be still useful. */ if (index > end) { unlock_page(page); continue; } /* Take a pin outside pagevec */ get_page(page); /* * Drop extra pins before trying to invalidate * the huge page. */ pagevec_remove_exceptionals(&pvec); pagevec_release(&pvec); } ret = invalidate_inode_page(page); unlock_page(page); /* * Invalidation is a hint that the page is no longer * of interest and try to speed up its reclaim. */ if (!ret) { deactivate_file_page(page); /* It is likely on the pagevec of a remote CPU */ if (nr_pagevec) (*nr_pagevec)++; } if (PageTransHuge(page)) put_page(page); count += ret; } pagevec_remove_exceptionals(&pvec); pagevec_release(&pvec); cond_resched(); index++; } return count; } /** * invalidate_mapping_pages - Invalidate all the unlocked pages of one inode * @mapping: the address_space which holds the pages to invalidate * @start: the offset 'from' which to invalidate * @end: the offset 'to' which to invalidate (inclusive) * * This function only removes the unlocked pages, if you want to * remove all the pages of one inode, you must call truncate_inode_pages. * * invalidate_mapping_pages() will not block on IO activity. It will not * invalidate pages which are dirty, locked, under writeback or mapped into * pagetables. * * Return: the number of the pages that were invalidated */ unsigned long invalidate_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t end) { return __invalidate_mapping_pages(mapping, start, end, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(invalidate_mapping_pages); /** * This helper is similar with the above one, except that it accounts for pages * that are likely on a pagevec and count them in @nr_pagevec, which will used by * the caller. */ void invalidate_mapping_pagevec(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t end, unsigned long *nr_pagevec) { __invalidate_mapping_pages(mapping, start, end, nr_pagevec); } /* * This is like invalidate_complete_page(), except it ignores the page's * refcount. We do this because invalidate_inode_pages2() needs stronger * invalidation guarantees, and cannot afford to leave pages behind because * shrink_page_list() has a temp ref on them, or because they're transiently * sitting in the lru_cache_add() pagevecs. */ static int invalidate_complete_page2(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page) { unsigned long flags; if (page->mapping != mapping) return 0; if (page_has_private(page) && !try_to_release_page(page, GFP_KERNEL)) return 0; xa_lock_irqsave(&mapping->i_pages, flags); if (PageDirty(page)) goto failed; BUG_ON(page_has_private(page)); __delete_from_page_cache(page, NULL); xa_unlock_irqrestore(&mapping->i_pages, flags); if (mapping->a_ops->freepage) mapping->a_ops->freepage(page); put_page(page); /* pagecache ref */ return 1; failed: xa_unlock_irqrestore(&mapping->i_pages, flags); return 0; } static int do_launder_page(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page) { if (!PageDirty(page)) return 0; if (page->mapping != mapping || mapping->a_ops->launder_page == NULL) return 0; return mapping->a_ops->launder_page(page); } /** * invalidate_inode_pages2_range - remove range of pages from an address_space * @mapping: the address_space * @start: the page offset 'from' which to invalidate * @end: the page offset 'to' which to invalidate (inclusive) * * Any pages which are found to be mapped into pagetables are unmapped prior to * invalidation. * * Return: -EBUSY if any pages could not be invalidated. */ int invalidate_inode_pages2_range(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t end) { pgoff_t indices[PAGEVEC_SIZE]; struct pagevec pvec; pgoff_t index; int i; int ret = 0; int ret2 = 0; int did_range_unmap = 0; if (mapping->nrpages == 0 && mapping->nrexceptional == 0) goto out; pagevec_init(&pvec); index = start; while (index <= end && pagevec_lookup_entries(&pvec, mapping, index, min(end - index, (pgoff_t)PAGEVEC_SIZE - 1) + 1, indices)) { for (i = 0; i < pagevec_count(&pvec); i++) { struct page *page = pvec.pages[i]; /* We rely upon deletion not changing page->index */ index = indices[i]; if (index > end) break; if (xa_is_value(page)) { if (!invalidate_exceptional_entry2(mapping, index, page)) ret = -EBUSY; continue; } if (!did_range_unmap && page_mapped(page)) { /* * If page is mapped, before taking its lock, * zap the rest of the file in one hit. */ unmap_mapping_pages(mapping, index, (1 + end - index), false); did_range_unmap = 1; } lock_page(page); WARN_ON(page_to_index(page) != index); if (page->mapping != mapping) { unlock_page(page); continue; } wait_on_page_writeback(page); if (page_mapped(page)) unmap_mapping_page(page); BUG_ON(page_mapped(page)); ret2 = do_launder_page(mapping, page); if (ret2 == 0) { if (!invalidate_complete_page2(mapping, page)) ret2 = -EBUSY; } if (ret2 < 0) ret = ret2; unlock_page(page); } pagevec_remove_exceptionals(&pvec); pagevec_release(&pvec); cond_resched(); index++; } /* * For DAX we invalidate page tables after invalidating page cache. We * could invalidate page tables while invalidating each entry however * that would be expensive. And doing range unmapping before doesn't * work as we have no cheap way to find whether page cache entry didn't * get remapped later. */ if (dax_mapping(mapping)) { unmap_mapping_pages(mapping, start, end - start + 1, false); } out: cleancache_invalidate_inode(mapping); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(invalidate_inode_pages2_range); /** * invalidate_inode_pages2 - remove all pages from an address_space * @mapping: the address_space * * Any pages which are found to be mapped into pagetables are unmapped prior to * invalidation. * * Return: -EBUSY if any pages could not be invalidated. */ int invalidate_inode_pages2(struct address_space *mapping) { return invalidate_inode_pages2_range(mapping, 0, -1); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(invalidate_inode_pages2); /** * truncate_pagecache - unmap and remove pagecache that has been truncated * @inode: inode * @newsize: new file size * * inode's new i_size must already be written before truncate_pagecache * is called. * * This function should typically be called before the filesystem * releases resources associated with the freed range (eg. deallocates * blocks). This way, pagecache will always stay logically coherent * with on-disk format, and the filesystem would not have to deal with * situations such as writepage being called for a page that has already * had its underlying blocks deallocated. */ void truncate_pagecache(struct inode *inode, loff_t newsize) { struct address_space *mapping = inode->i_mapping; loff_t holebegin = round_up(newsize, PAGE_SIZE); /* * unmap_mapping_range is called twice, first simply for * efficiency so that truncate_inode_pages does fewer * single-page unmaps. However after this first call, and * before truncate_inode_pages finishes, it is possible for * private pages to be COWed, which remain after * truncate_inode_pages finishes, hence the second * unmap_mapping_range call must be made for correctness. */ unmap_mapping_range(mapping, holebegin, 0, 1); truncate_inode_pages(mapping, newsize); unmap_mapping_range(mapping, holebegin, 0, 1); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(truncate_pagecache); /** * truncate_setsize - update inode and pagecache for a new file size * @inode: inode * @newsize: new file size * * truncate_setsize updates i_size and performs pagecache truncation (if * necessary) to @newsize. It will be typically be called from the filesystem's * setattr function when ATTR_SIZE is passed in. * * Must be called with a lock serializing truncates and writes (generally * i_mutex but e.g. xfs uses a different lock) and before all filesystem * specific block truncation has been performed. */ void truncate_setsize(struct inode *inode, loff_t newsize) { loff_t oldsize = inode->i_size; i_size_write(inode, newsize); if (newsize > oldsize) pagecache_isize_extended(inode, oldsize, newsize); truncate_pagecache(inode, newsize); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(truncate_setsize); /** * pagecache_isize_extended - update pagecache after extension of i_size * @inode: inode for which i_size was extended * @from: original inode size * @to: new inode size * * Handle extension of inode size either caused by extending truncate or by * write starting after current i_size. We mark the page straddling current * i_size RO so that page_mkwrite() is called on the nearest write access to * the page. This way filesystem can be sure that page_mkwrite() is called on * the page before user writes to the page via mmap after the i_size has been * changed. * * The function must be called after i_size is updated so that page fault * coming after we unlock the page will already see the new i_size. * The function must be called while we still hold i_mutex - this not only * makes sure i_size is stable but also that userspace cannot observe new * i_size value before we are prepared to store mmap writes at new inode size. */ void pagecache_isize_extended(struct inode *inode, loff_t from, loff_t to) { int bsize = i_blocksize(inode); loff_t rounded_from; struct page *page; pgoff_t index; WARN_ON(to > inode->i_size); if (from >= to || bsize == PAGE_SIZE) return; /* Page straddling @from will not have any hole block created? */ rounded_from = round_up(from, bsize); if (to <= rounded_from || !(rounded_from & (PAGE_SIZE - 1))) return; index = from >> PAGE_SHIFT; page = find_lock_page(inode->i_mapping, index); /* Page not cached? Nothing to do */ if (!page) return; /* * See clear_page_dirty_for_io() for details why set_page_dirty() * is needed. */ if (page_mkclean(page)) set_page_dirty(page); unlock_page(page); put_page(page); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(pagecache_isize_extended); /** * truncate_pagecache_range - unmap and remove pagecache that is hole-punched * @inode: inode * @lstart: offset of beginning of hole * @lend: offset of last byte of hole * * This function should typically be called before the filesystem * releases resources associated with the freed range (eg. deallocates * blocks). This way, pagecache will always stay logically coherent * with on-disk format, and the filesystem would not have to deal with * situations such as writepage being called for a page that has already * had its underlying blocks deallocated. */ void truncate_pagecache_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend) { struct address_space *mapping = inode->i_mapping; loff_t unmap_start = round_up(lstart, PAGE_SIZE); loff_t unmap_end = round_down(1 + lend, PAGE_SIZE) - 1; /* * This rounding is currently just for example: unmap_mapping_range * expands its hole outwards, whereas we want it to contract the hole * inwards. However, existing callers of truncate_pagecache_range are * doing their own page rounding first. Note that unmap_mapping_range * allows holelen 0 for all, and we allow lend -1 for end of file. */ /* * Unlike in truncate_pagecache, unmap_mapping_range is called only * once (before truncating pagecache), and without "even_cows" flag: * hole-punching should not remove private COWed pages from the hole. */ if ((u64)unmap_end > (u64)unmap_start) unmap_mapping_range(mapping, unmap_start, 1 + unmap_end - unmap_start, 0); truncate_inode_pages_range(mapping, lstart, lend); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(truncate_pagecache_range);
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4548 4549 4550 4551 4552 4553 4554 4555 4556 4557 4558 4559 4560 4561 4562 4563 4564 4565 4566 4567 4568 4569 4570 4571 4572 4573 4574 4575 4576 4577 4578 4579 4580 4581 4582 4583 4584 4585 4586 4587 4588 4589 4590 4591 4592 4593 4594 4595 4596 4597 4598 4599 4600 4601 4602 4603 4604 4605 4606 4607 4608 4609 4610 4611 4612 4613 4614 4615 4616 4617 4618 4619 4620 4621 4622 4623 4624 4625 4626 4627 4628 4629 4630 4631 4632 4633 4634 4635 4636 4637 4638 4639 4640 4641 4642 4643 4644 4645 4646 4647 4648 4649 4650 4651 4652 4653 4654 4655 4656 4657 4658 4659 4660 4661 4662 4663 4664 4665 4666 4667 4668 4669 4670 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * linux/fs/namei.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds */ /* * Some corrections by tytso. */ /* [Feb 1997 T. Schoebel-Theuer] Complete rewrite of the pathname * lookup logic. */ /* [Feb-Apr 2000, AV] Rewrite to the new namespace architecture. */ #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/namei.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/fsnotify.h> #include <linux/personality.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/ima.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/fcntl.h> #include <linux/device_cgroup.h> #include <linux/fs_struct.h> #include <linux/posix_acl.h> #include <linux/hash.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/init_task.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include "internal.h" #include "mount.h" /* [Feb-1997 T. Schoebel-Theuer] * Fundamental changes in the pathname lookup mechanisms (namei) * were necessary because of omirr. The reason is that omirr needs * to know the _real_ pathname, not the user-supplied one, in case * of symlinks (and also when transname replacements occur). * * The new code replaces the old recursive symlink resolution with * an iterative one (in case of non-nested symlink chains). It does * this with calls to <fs>_follow_link(). * As a side effect, dir_namei(), _namei() and follow_link() are now * replaced with a single function lookup_dentry() that can handle all * the special cases of the former code. * * With the new dcache, the pathname is stored at each inode, at least as * long as the refcount of the inode is positive. As a side effect, the * size of the dcache depends on the inode cache and thus is dynamic. * * [29-Apr-1998 C. Scott Ananian] Updated above description of symlink * resolution to correspond with current state of the code. * * Note that the symlink resolution is not *completely* iterative. * There is still a significant amount of tail- and mid- recursion in * the algorithm. Also, note that <fs>_readlink() is not used in * lookup_dentry(): lookup_dentry() on the result of <fs>_readlink() * may return different results than <fs>_follow_link(). Many virtual * filesystems (including /proc) exhibit this behavior. */ /* [24-Feb-97 T. Schoebel-Theuer] Side effects caused by new implementation: * New symlink semantics: when open() is called with flags O_CREAT | O_EXCL * and the name already exists in form of a symlink, try to create the new * name indicated by the symlink. The old code always complained that the * name already exists, due to not following the symlink even if its target * is nonexistent. The new semantics affects also mknod() and link() when * the name is a symlink pointing to a non-existent name. * * I don't know which semantics is the right one, since I have no access * to standards. But I found by trial that HP-UX 9.0 has the full "new" * semantics implemented, while SunOS 4.1.1 and Solaris (SunOS 5.4) have the * "old" one. Personally, I think the new semantics is much more logical. * Note that "ln old new" where "new" is a symlink pointing to a non-existing * file does succeed in both HP-UX and SunOs, but not in Solaris * and in the old Linux semantics. */ /* [16-Dec-97 Kevin Buhr] For security reasons, we change some symlink * semantics. See the comments in "open_namei" and "do_link" below. * * [10-Sep-98 Alan Modra] Another symlink change. */ /* [Feb-Apr 2000 AV] Complete rewrite. Rules for symlinks: * inside the path - always follow. * in the last component in creation/removal/renaming - never follow. * if LOOKUP_FOLLOW passed - follow. * if the pathname has trailing slashes - follow. * otherwise - don't follow. * (applied in that order). * * [Jun 2000 AV] Inconsistent behaviour of open() in case if flags==O_CREAT * restored for 2.4. This is the last surviving part of old 4.2BSD bug. * During the 2.4 we need to fix the userland stuff depending on it - * hopefully we will be able to get rid of that wart in 2.5. So far only * XEmacs seems to be relying on it... */ /* * [Sep 2001 AV] Single-semaphore locking scheme (kudos to David Holland) * implemented. Let's see if raised priority of ->s_vfs_rename_mutex gives * any extra contention... */ /* In order to reduce some races, while at the same time doing additional * checking and hopefully speeding things up, we copy filenames to the * kernel data space before using them.. * * POSIX.1 2.4: an empty pathname is invalid (ENOENT). * PATH_MAX includes the nul terminator --RR. */ #define EMBEDDED_NAME_MAX (PATH_MAX - offsetof(struct filename, iname)) struct filename * getname_flags(const char __user *filename, int flags, int *empty) { struct filename *result; char *kname; int len; result = audit_reusename(filename); if (result) return result; result = __getname(); if (unlikely(!result)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); /* * First, try to embed the struct filename inside the names_cache * allocation */ kname = (char *)result->iname; result->name = kname; len = strncpy_from_user(kname, filename, EMBEDDED_NAME_MAX); if (unlikely(len < 0)) { __putname(result); return ERR_PTR(len); } /* * Uh-oh. We have a name that's approaching PATH_MAX. Allocate a * separate struct filename so we can dedicate the entire * names_cache allocation for the pathname, and re-do the copy from * userland. */ if (unlikely(len == EMBEDDED_NAME_MAX)) { const size_t size = offsetof(struct filename, iname[1]); kname = (char *)result; /* * size is chosen that way we to guarantee that * result->iname[0] is within the same object and that * kname can't be equal to result->iname, no matter what. */ result = kzalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL); if (unlikely(!result)) { __putname(kname); return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); } result->name = kname; len = strncpy_from_user(kname, filename, PATH_MAX); if (unlikely(len < 0)) { __putname(kname); kfree(result); return ERR_PTR(len); } if (unlikely(len == PATH_MAX)) { __putname(kname); kfree(result); return ERR_PTR(-ENAMETOOLONG); } } result->refcnt = 1; /* The empty path is special. */ if (unlikely(!len)) { if (empty) *empty = 1; if (!(flags & LOOKUP_EMPTY)) { putname(result); return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); } } result->uptr = filename; result->aname = NULL; audit_getname(result); return result; } struct filename * getname(const char __user * filename) { return getname_flags(filename, 0, NULL); } struct filename * getname_kernel(const char * filename) { struct filename *result; int len = strlen(filename) + 1; result = __getname(); if (unlikely(!result)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (len <= EMBEDDED_NAME_MAX) { result->name = (char *)result->iname; } else if (len <= PATH_MAX) { const size_t size = offsetof(struct filename, iname[1]); struct filename *tmp; tmp = kmalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL); if (unlikely(!tmp)) { __putname(result); return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); } tmp->name = (char *)result; result = tmp; } else { __putname(result); return ERR_PTR(-ENAMETOOLONG); } memcpy((char *)result->name, filename, len); result->uptr = NULL; result->aname = NULL; result->refcnt = 1; audit_getname(result); return result; } void putname(struct filename *name) { BUG_ON(name->refcnt <= 0); if (--name->refcnt > 0) return; if (name->name != name->iname) { __putname(name->name); kfree(name); } else __putname(name); } static int check_acl(struct inode *inode, int mask) { #ifdef CONFIG_FS_POSIX_ACL struct posix_acl *acl; if (mask & MAY_NOT_BLOCK) { acl = get_cached_acl_rcu(inode, ACL_TYPE_ACCESS); if (!acl) return -EAGAIN; /* no ->get_acl() calls in RCU mode... */ if (is_uncached_acl(acl)) return -ECHILD; return posix_acl_permission(inode, acl, mask); } acl = get_acl(inode, ACL_TYPE_ACCESS); if (IS_ERR(acl)) return PTR_ERR(acl); if (acl) { int error = posix_acl_permission(inode, acl, mask); posix_acl_release(acl); return error; } #endif return -EAGAIN; } /* * This does the basic UNIX permission checking. * * Note that the POSIX ACL check cares about the MAY_NOT_BLOCK bit, * for RCU walking. */ static int acl_permission_check(struct inode *inode, int mask) { unsigned int mode = inode->i_mode; /* Are we the owner? If so, ACL's don't matter */ if (likely(uid_eq(current_fsuid(), inode->i_uid))) { mask &= 7; mode >>= 6; return (mask & ~mode) ? -EACCES : 0; } /* Do we have ACL's? */ if (IS_POSIXACL(inode) && (mode & S_IRWXG)) { int error = check_acl(inode, mask); if (error != -EAGAIN) return error; } /* Only RWX matters for group/other mode bits */ mask &= 7; /* * Are the group permissions different from * the other permissions in the bits we care * about? Need to check group ownership if so. */ if (mask & (mode ^ (mode >> 3))) { if (in_group_p(inode->i_gid)) mode >>= 3; } /* Bits in 'mode' clear that we require? */ return (mask & ~mode) ? -EACCES : 0; } /** * generic_permission - check for access rights on a Posix-like filesystem * @inode: inode to check access rights for * @mask: right to check for (%MAY_READ, %MAY_WRITE, %MAY_EXEC, * %MAY_NOT_BLOCK ...) * * Used to check for read/write/execute permissions on a file. * We use "fsuid" for this, letting us set arbitrary permissions * for filesystem access without changing the "normal" uids which * are used for other things. * * generic_permission is rcu-walk aware. It returns -ECHILD in case an rcu-walk * request cannot be satisfied (eg. requires blocking or too much complexity). * It would then be called again in ref-walk mode. */ int generic_permission(struct inode *inode, int mask) { int ret; /* * Do the basic permission checks. */ ret = acl_permission_check(inode, mask); if (ret != -EACCES) return ret; if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) { /* DACs are overridable for directories */ if (!(mask & MAY_WRITE)) if (capable_wrt_inode_uidgid(inode, CAP_DAC_READ_SEARCH)) return 0; if (capable_wrt_inode_uidgid(inode, CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE)) return 0; return -EACCES; } /* * Searching includes executable on directories, else just read. */ mask &= MAY_READ | MAY_WRITE | MAY_EXEC; if (mask == MAY_READ) if (capable_wrt_inode_uidgid(inode, CAP_DAC_READ_SEARCH)) return 0; /* * Read/write DACs are always overridable. * Executable DACs are overridable when there is * at least one exec bit set. */ if (!(mask & MAY_EXEC) || (inode->i_mode & S_IXUGO)) if (capable_wrt_inode_uidgid(inode, CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE)) return 0; return -EACCES; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_permission); /* * We _really_ want to just do "generic_permission()" without * even looking at the inode->i_op values. So we keep a cache * flag in inode->i_opflags, that says "this has not special * permission function, use the fast case". */ static inline int do_inode_permission(struct inode *inode, int mask) { if (unlikely(!(inode->i_opflags & IOP_FASTPERM))) { if (likely(inode->i_op->permission)) return inode->i_op->permission(inode, mask); /* This gets set once for the inode lifetime */ spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); inode->i_opflags |= IOP_FASTPERM; spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } return generic_permission(inode, mask); } /** * sb_permission - Check superblock-level permissions * @sb: Superblock of inode to check permission on * @inode: Inode to check permission on * @mask: Right to check for (%MAY_READ, %MAY_WRITE, %MAY_EXEC) * * Separate out file-system wide checks from inode-specific permission checks. */ static int sb_permission(struct super_block *sb, struct inode *inode, int mask) { if (unlikely(mask & MAY_WRITE)) { umode_t mode = inode->i_mode; /* Nobody gets write access to a read-only fs. */ if (sb_rdonly(sb) && (S_ISREG(mode) || S_ISDIR(mode) || S_ISLNK(mode))) return -EROFS; } return 0; } /** * inode_permission - Check for access rights to a given inode * @inode: Inode to check permission on * @mask: Right to check for (%MAY_READ, %MAY_WRITE, %MAY_EXEC) * * Check for read/write/execute permissions on an inode. We use fs[ug]id for * this, letting us set arbitrary permissions for filesystem access without * changing the "normal" UIDs which are used for other things. * * When checking for MAY_APPEND, MAY_WRITE must also be set in @mask. */ int inode_permission(struct inode *inode, int mask) { int retval; retval = sb_permission(inode->i_sb, inode, mask); if (retval) return retval; if (unlikely(mask & MAY_WRITE)) { /* * Nobody gets write access to an immutable file. */ if (IS_IMMUTABLE(inode)) return -EPERM; /* * Updating mtime will likely cause i_uid and i_gid to be * written back improperly if their true value is unknown * to the vfs. */ if (HAS_UNMAPPED_ID(inode)) return -EACCES; } retval = do_inode_permission(inode, mask); if (retval) return retval; retval = devcgroup_inode_permission(inode, mask); if (retval) return retval; return security_inode_permission(inode, mask); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(inode_permission); /** * path_get - get a reference to a path * @path: path to get the reference to * * Given a path increment the reference count to the dentry and the vfsmount. */ void path_get(const struct path *path) { mntget(path->mnt); dget(path->dentry); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(path_get); /** * path_put - put a reference to a path * @path: path to put the reference to * * Given a path decrement the reference count to the dentry and the vfsmount. */ void path_put(const struct path *path) { dput(path->dentry); mntput(path->mnt); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(path_put); #define EMBEDDED_LEVELS 2 struct nameidata { struct path path; struct qstr last; struct path root; struct inode *inode; /* path.dentry.d_inode */ unsigned int flags; unsigned seq, m_seq, r_seq; int last_type; unsigned depth; int total_link_count; struct saved { struct path link; struct delayed_call done; const char *name; unsigned seq; } *stack, internal[EMBEDDED_LEVELS]; struct filename *name; struct nameidata *saved; unsigned root_seq; int dfd; kuid_t dir_uid; umode_t dir_mode; } __randomize_layout; static void set_nameidata(struct nameidata *p, int dfd, struct filename *name) { struct nameidata *old = current->nameidata; p->stack = p->internal; p->dfd = dfd; p->name = name; p->total_link_count = old ? old->total_link_count : 0; p->saved = old; current->nameidata = p; } static void restore_nameidata(void) { struct nameidata *now = current->nameidata, *old = now->saved; current->nameidata = old; if (old) old->total_link_count = now->total_link_count; if (now->stack != now->internal) kfree(now->stack); } static bool nd_alloc_stack(struct nameidata *nd) { struct saved *p; p= kmalloc_array(MAXSYMLINKS, sizeof(struct saved), nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU ? GFP_ATOMIC : GFP_KERNEL); if (unlikely(!p)) return false; memcpy(p, nd->internal, sizeof(nd->internal)); nd->stack = p; return true; } /** * path_connected - Verify that a dentry is below mnt.mnt_root * * Rename can sometimes move a file or directory outside of a bind * mount, path_connected allows those cases to be detected. */ static bool path_connected(struct vfsmount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry) { struct super_block *sb = mnt->mnt_sb; /* Bind mounts can have disconnected paths */ if (mnt->mnt_root == sb->s_root) return true; return is_subdir(dentry, mnt->mnt_root); } static void drop_links(struct nameidata *nd) { int i = nd->depth; while (i--) { struct saved *last = nd->stack + i; do_delayed_call(&last->done); clear_delayed_call(&last->done); } } static void terminate_walk(struct nameidata *nd) { drop_links(nd); if (!(nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU)) { int i; path_put(&nd->path); for (i = 0; i < nd->depth; i++) path_put(&nd->stack[i].link); if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_ROOT_GRABBED) { path_put(&nd->root); nd->flags &= ~LOOKUP_ROOT_GRABBED; } } else { nd->flags &= ~LOOKUP_RCU; rcu_read_unlock(); } nd->depth = 0; } /* path_put is needed afterwards regardless of success or failure */ static bool __legitimize_path(struct path *path, unsigned seq, unsigned mseq) { int res = __legitimize_mnt(path->mnt, mseq); if (unlikely(res)) { if (res > 0) path->mnt = NULL; path->dentry = NULL; return false; } if (unlikely(!lockref_get_not_dead(&path->dentry->d_lockref))) { path->dentry = NULL; return false; } return !read_seqcount_retry(&path->dentry->d_seq, seq); } static inline bool legitimize_path(struct nameidata *nd, struct path *path, unsigned seq) { return __legitimize_path(path, seq, nd->m_seq); } static bool legitimize_links(struct nameidata *nd) { int i; for (i = 0; i < nd->depth; i++) { struct saved *last = nd->stack + i; if (unlikely(!legitimize_path(nd, &last->link, last->seq))) { drop_links(nd); nd->depth = i + 1; return false; } } return true; } static bool legitimize_root(struct nameidata *nd) { /* * For scoped-lookups (where nd->root has been zeroed), we need to * restart the whole lookup from scratch -- because set_root() is wrong * for these lookups (nd->dfd is the root, not the filesystem root). */ if (!nd->root.mnt && (nd->flags & LOOKUP_IS_SCOPED)) return false; /* Nothing to do if nd->root is zero or is managed by the VFS user. */ if (!nd->root.mnt || (nd->flags & LOOKUP_ROOT)) return true; nd->flags |= LOOKUP_ROOT_GRABBED; return legitimize_path(nd, &nd->root, nd->root_seq); } /* * Path walking has 2 modes, rcu-walk and ref-walk (see * Documentation/filesystems/path-lookup.txt). In situations when we can't * continue in RCU mode, we attempt to drop out of rcu-walk mode and grab * normal reference counts on dentries and vfsmounts to transition to ref-walk * mode. Refcounts are grabbed at the last known good point before rcu-walk * got stuck, so ref-walk may continue from there. If this is not successful * (eg. a seqcount has changed), then failure is returned and it's up to caller * to restart the path walk from the beginning in ref-walk mode. */ /** * try_to_unlazy - try to switch to ref-walk mode. * @nd: nameidata pathwalk data * Returns: true on success, false on failure * * try_to_unlazy attempts to legitimize the current nd->path and nd->root * for ref-walk mode. * Must be called from rcu-walk context. * Nothing should touch nameidata between try_to_unlazy() failure and * terminate_walk(). */ static bool try_to_unlazy(struct nameidata *nd) { struct dentry *parent = nd->path.dentry; BUG_ON(!(nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU)); nd->flags &= ~LOOKUP_RCU; if (unlikely(!legitimize_links(nd))) goto out1; if (unlikely(!legitimize_path(nd, &nd->path, nd->seq))) goto out; if (unlikely(!legitimize_root(nd))) goto out; rcu_read_unlock(); BUG_ON(nd->inode != parent->d_inode); return true; out1: nd->path.mnt = NULL; nd->path.dentry = NULL; out: rcu_read_unlock(); return false; } /** * unlazy_child - try to switch to ref-walk mode. * @nd: nameidata pathwalk data * @dentry: child of nd->path.dentry * @seq: seq number to check dentry against * Returns: 0 on success, -ECHILD on failure * * unlazy_child attempts to legitimize the current nd->path, nd->root and dentry * for ref-walk mode. @dentry must be a path found by a do_lookup call on * @nd. Must be called from rcu-walk context. * Nothing should touch nameidata between unlazy_child() failure and * terminate_walk(). */ static int unlazy_child(struct nameidata *nd, struct dentry *dentry, unsigned seq) { BUG_ON(!(nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU)); nd->flags &= ~LOOKUP_RCU; if (unlikely(!legitimize_links(nd))) goto out2; if (unlikely(!legitimize_mnt(nd->path.mnt, nd->m_seq))) goto out2; if (unlikely(!lockref_get_not_dead(&nd->path.dentry->d_lockref))) goto out1; /* * We need to move both the parent and the dentry from the RCU domain * to be properly refcounted. And the sequence number in the dentry * validates *both* dentry counters, since we checked the sequence * number of the parent after we got the child sequence number. So we * know the parent must still be valid if the child sequence number is */ if (unlikely(!lockref_get_not_dead(&dentry->d_lockref))) goto out; if (unlikely(read_seqcount_retry(&dentry->d_seq, seq))) goto out_dput; /* * Sequence counts matched. Now make sure that the root is * still valid and get it if required. */ if (unlikely(!legitimize_root(nd))) goto out_dput; rcu_read_unlock(); return 0; out2: nd->path.mnt = NULL; out1: nd->path.dentry = NULL; out: rcu_read_unlock(); return -ECHILD; out_dput: rcu_read_unlock(); dput(dentry); return -ECHILD; } static inline int d_revalidate(struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags) { if (unlikely(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_REVALIDATE)) return dentry->d_op->d_revalidate(dentry, flags); else return 1; } /** * complete_walk - successful completion of path walk * @nd: pointer nameidata * * If we had been in RCU mode, drop out of it and legitimize nd->path. * Revalidate the final result, unless we'd already done that during * the path walk or the filesystem doesn't ask for it. Return 0 on * success, -error on failure. In case of failure caller does not * need to drop nd->path. */ static int complete_walk(struct nameidata *nd) { struct dentry *dentry = nd->path.dentry; int status; if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { /* * We don't want to zero nd->root for scoped-lookups or * externally-managed nd->root. */ if (!(nd->flags & (LOOKUP_ROOT | LOOKUP_IS_SCOPED))) nd->root.mnt = NULL; if (!try_to_unlazy(nd)) return -ECHILD; } if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_IS_SCOPED)) { /* * While the guarantee of LOOKUP_IS_SCOPED is (roughly) "don't * ever step outside the root during lookup" and should already * be guaranteed by the rest of namei, we want to avoid a namei * BUG resulting in userspace being given a path that was not * scoped within the root at some point during the lookup. * * So, do a final sanity-check to make sure that in the * worst-case scenario (a complete bypass of LOOKUP_IS_SCOPED) * we won't silently return an fd completely outside of the * requested root to userspace. * * Userspace could move the path outside the root after this * check, but as discussed elsewhere this is not a concern (the * resolved file was inside the root at some point). */ if (!path_is_under(&nd->path, &nd->root)) return -EXDEV; } if (likely(!(nd->flags & LOOKUP_JUMPED))) return 0; if (likely(!(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_WEAK_REVALIDATE))) return 0; status = dentry->d_op->d_weak_revalidate(dentry, nd->flags); if (status > 0) return 0; if (!status) status = -ESTALE; return status; } static int set_root(struct nameidata *nd) { struct fs_struct *fs = current->fs; /* * Jumping to the real root in a scoped-lookup is a BUG in namei, but we * still have to ensure it doesn't happen because it will cause a breakout * from the dirfd. */ if (WARN_ON(nd->flags & LOOKUP_IS_SCOPED)) return -ENOTRECOVERABLE; if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { unsigned seq; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&fs->seq); nd->root = fs->root; nd->root_seq = __read_seqcount_begin(&nd->root.dentry->d_seq); } while (read_seqcount_retry(&fs->seq, seq)); } else { get_fs_root(fs, &nd->root); nd->flags |= LOOKUP_ROOT_GRABBED; } return 0; } static int nd_jump_root(struct nameidata *nd) { if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_BENEATH)) return -EXDEV; if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_NO_XDEV)) { /* Absolute path arguments to path_init() are allowed. */ if (nd->path.mnt != NULL && nd->path.mnt != nd->root.mnt) return -EXDEV; } if (!nd->root.mnt) { int error = set_root(nd); if (error) return error; } if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { struct dentry *d; nd->path = nd->root; d = nd->path.dentry; nd->inode = d->d_inode; nd->seq = nd->root_seq; if (unlikely(read_seqcount_retry(&d->d_seq, nd->seq))) return -ECHILD; } else { path_put(&nd->path); nd->path = nd->root; path_get(&nd->path); nd->inode = nd->path.dentry->d_inode; } nd->flags |= LOOKUP_JUMPED; return 0; } /* * Helper to directly jump to a known parsed path from ->get_link, * caller must have taken a reference to path beforehand. */ int nd_jump_link(struct path *path) { int error = -ELOOP; struct nameidata *nd = current->nameidata; if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_NO_MAGICLINKS)) goto err; error = -EXDEV; if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_NO_XDEV)) { if (nd->path.mnt != path->mnt) goto err; } /* Not currently safe for scoped-lookups. */ if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_IS_SCOPED)) goto err; path_put(&nd->path); nd->path = *path; nd->inode = nd->path.dentry->d_inode; nd->flags |= LOOKUP_JUMPED; return 0; err: path_put(path); return error; } static inline void put_link(struct nameidata *nd) { struct saved *last = nd->stack + --nd->depth; do_delayed_call(&last->done); if (!(nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU)) path_put(&last->link); } int sysctl_protected_symlinks __read_mostly = 0; int sysctl_protected_hardlinks __read_mostly = 0; int sysctl_protected_fifos __read_mostly; int sysctl_protected_regular __read_mostly; /** * may_follow_link - Check symlink following for unsafe situations * @nd: nameidata pathwalk data * * In the case of the sysctl_protected_symlinks sysctl being enabled, * CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE needs to be specifically ignored if the symlink is * in a sticky world-writable directory. This is to protect privileged * processes from failing races against path names that may change out * from under them by way of other users creating malicious symlinks. * It will permit symlinks to be followed only when outside a sticky * world-writable directory, or when the uid of the symlink and follower * match, or when the directory owner matches the symlink's owner. * * Returns 0 if following the symlink is allowed, -ve on error. */ static inline int may_follow_link(struct nameidata *nd, const struct inode *inode) { if (!sysctl_protected_symlinks) return 0; /* Allowed if owner and follower match. */ if (uid_eq(current_cred()->fsuid, inode->i_uid)) return 0; /* Allowed if parent directory not sticky and world-writable. */ if ((nd->dir_mode & (S_ISVTX|S_IWOTH)) != (S_ISVTX|S_IWOTH)) return 0; /* Allowed if parent directory and link owner match. */ if (uid_valid(nd->dir_uid) && uid_eq(nd->dir_uid, inode->i_uid)) return 0; if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) return -ECHILD; audit_inode(nd->name, nd->stack[0].link.dentry, 0); audit_log_path_denied(AUDIT_ANOM_LINK, "follow_link"); return -EACCES; } /** * safe_hardlink_source - Check for safe hardlink conditions * @inode: the source inode to hardlink from * * Return false if at least one of the following conditions: * - inode is not a regular file * - inode is setuid * - inode is setgid and group-exec * - access failure for read and write * * Otherwise returns true. */ static bool safe_hardlink_source(struct inode *inode) { umode_t mode = inode->i_mode; /* Special files should not get pinned to the filesystem. */ if (!S_ISREG(mode)) return false; /* Setuid files should not get pinned to the filesystem. */ if (mode & S_ISUID) return false; /* Executable setgid files should not get pinned to the filesystem. */ if ((mode & (S_ISGID | S_IXGRP)) == (S_ISGID | S_IXGRP)) return false; /* Hardlinking to unreadable or unwritable sources is dangerous. */ if (inode_permission(inode, MAY_READ | MAY_WRITE)) return false; return true; } /** * may_linkat - Check permissions for creating a hardlink * @link: the source to hardlink from * * Block hardlink when all of: * - sysctl_protected_hardlinks enabled * - fsuid does not match inode * - hardlink source is unsafe (see safe_hardlink_source() above) * - not CAP_FOWNER in a namespace with the inode owner uid mapped * * Returns 0 if successful, -ve on error. */ int may_linkat(struct path *link) { struct inode *inode = link->dentry->d_inode; /* Inode writeback is not safe when the uid or gid are invalid. */ if (!uid_valid(inode->i_uid) || !gid_valid(inode->i_gid)) return -EOVERFLOW; if (!sysctl_protected_hardlinks) return 0; /* Source inode owner (or CAP_FOWNER) can hardlink all they like, * otherwise, it must be a safe source. */ if (safe_hardlink_source(inode) || inode_owner_or_capable(inode)) return 0; audit_log_path_denied(AUDIT_ANOM_LINK, "linkat"); return -EPERM; } /** * may_create_in_sticky - Check whether an O_CREAT open in a sticky directory * should be allowed, or not, on files that already * exist. * @dir_mode: mode bits of directory * @dir_uid: owner of directory * @inode: the inode of the file to open * * Block an O_CREAT open of a FIFO (or a regular file) when: * - sysctl_protected_fifos (or sysctl_protected_regular) is enabled * - the file already exists * - we are in a sticky directory * - we don't own the file * - the owner of the directory doesn't own the file * - the directory is world writable * If the sysctl_protected_fifos (or sysctl_protected_regular) is set to 2 * the directory doesn't have to be world writable: being group writable will * be enough. * * Returns 0 if the open is allowed, -ve on error. */ static int may_create_in_sticky(umode_t dir_mode, kuid_t dir_uid, struct inode * const inode) { if ((!sysctl_protected_fifos && S_ISFIFO(inode->i_mode)) || (!sysctl_protected_regular && S_ISREG(inode->i_mode)) || likely(!(dir_mode & S_ISVTX)) || uid_eq(inode->i_uid, dir_uid) || uid_eq(current_fsuid(), inode->i_uid)) return 0; if (likely(dir_mode & 0002) || (dir_mode & 0020 && ((sysctl_protected_fifos >= 2 && S_ISFIFO(inode->i_mode)) || (sysctl_protected_regular >= 2 && S_ISREG(inode->i_mode))))) { const char *operation = S_ISFIFO(inode->i_mode) ? "sticky_create_fifo" : "sticky_create_regular"; audit_log_path_denied(AUDIT_ANOM_CREAT, operation); return -EACCES; } return 0; } /* * follow_up - Find the mountpoint of path's vfsmount * * Given a path, find the mountpoint of its source file system. * Replace @path with the path of the mountpoint in the parent mount. * Up is towards /. * * Return 1 if we went up a level and 0 if we were already at the * root. */ int follow_up(struct path *path) { struct mount *mnt = real_mount(path->mnt); struct mount *parent; struct dentry *mountpoint; read_seqlock_excl(&mount_lock); parent = mnt->mnt_parent; if (parent == mnt) { read_sequnlock_excl(&mount_lock); return 0; } mntget(&parent->mnt); mountpoint = dget(mnt->mnt_mountpoint); read_sequnlock_excl(&mount_lock); dput(path->dentry); path->dentry = mountpoint; mntput(path->mnt); path->mnt = &parent->mnt; return 1; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(follow_up); static bool choose_mountpoint_rcu(struct mount *m, const struct path *root, struct path *path, unsigned *seqp) { while (mnt_has_parent(m)) { struct dentry *mountpoint = m->mnt_mountpoint; m = m->mnt_parent; if (unlikely(root->dentry == mountpoint && root->mnt == &m->mnt)) break; if (mountpoint != m->mnt.mnt_root) { path->mnt = &m->mnt; path->dentry = mountpoint; *seqp = read_seqcount_begin(&mountpoint->d_seq); return true; } } return false; } static bool choose_mountpoint(struct mount *m, const struct path *root, struct path *path) { bool found; rcu_read_lock(); while (1) { unsigned seq, mseq = read_seqbegin(&mount_lock); found = choose_mountpoint_rcu(m, root, path, &seq); if (unlikely(!found)) { if (!read_seqretry(&mount_lock, mseq)) break; } else { if (likely(__legitimize_path(path, seq, mseq))) break; rcu_read_unlock(); path_put(path); rcu_read_lock(); } } rcu_read_unlock(); return found; } /* * Perform an automount * - return -EISDIR to tell follow_managed() to stop and return the path we * were called with. */ static int follow_automount(struct path *path, int *count, unsigned lookup_flags) { struct dentry *dentry = path->dentry; /* We don't want to mount if someone's just doing a stat - * unless they're stat'ing a directory and appended a '/' to * the name. * * We do, however, want to mount if someone wants to open or * create a file of any type under the mountpoint, wants to * traverse through the mountpoint or wants to open the * mounted directory. Also, autofs may mark negative dentries * as being automount points. These will need the attentions * of the daemon to instantiate them before they can be used. */ if (!(lookup_flags & (LOOKUP_PARENT | LOOKUP_DIRECTORY | LOOKUP_OPEN | LOOKUP_CREATE | LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT)) && dentry->d_inode) return -EISDIR; if (count && (*count)++ >= MAXSYMLINKS) return -ELOOP; return finish_automount(dentry->d_op->d_automount(path), path); } /* * mount traversal - out-of-line part. One note on ->d_flags accesses - * dentries are pinned but not locked here, so negative dentry can go * positive right under us. Use of smp_load_acquire() provides a barrier * sufficient for ->d_inode and ->d_flags consistency. */ static int __traverse_mounts(struct path *path, unsigned flags, bool *jumped, int *count, unsigned lookup_flags) { struct vfsmount *mnt = path->mnt; bool need_mntput = false; int ret = 0; while (flags & DCACHE_MANAGED_DENTRY) { /* Allow the filesystem to manage the transit without i_mutex * being held. */ if (flags & DCACHE_MANAGE_TRANSIT) { ret = path->dentry->d_op->d_manage(path, false); flags = smp_load_acquire(&path->dentry->d_flags); if (ret < 0) break; } if (flags & DCACHE_MOUNTED) { // something's mounted on it.. struct vfsmount *mounted = lookup_mnt(path); if (mounted) { // ... in our namespace dput(path->dentry); if (need_mntput) mntput(path->mnt); path->mnt = mounted; path->dentry = dget(mounted->mnt_root); // here we know it's positive flags = path->dentry->d_flags; need_mntput = true; continue; } } if (!(flags & DCACHE_NEED_AUTOMOUNT)) break; // uncovered automount point ret = follow_automount(path, count, lookup_flags); flags = smp_load_acquire(&path->dentry->d_flags); if (ret < 0) break; } if (ret == -EISDIR) ret = 0; // possible if you race with several mount --move if (need_mntput && path->mnt == mnt) mntput(path->mnt); if (!ret && unlikely(d_flags_negative(flags))) ret = -ENOENT; *jumped = need_mntput; return ret; } static inline int traverse_mounts(struct path *path, bool *jumped, int *count, unsigned lookup_flags) { unsigned flags = smp_load_acquire(&path->dentry->d_flags); /* fastpath */ if (likely(!(flags & DCACHE_MANAGED_DENTRY))) { *jumped = false; if (unlikely(d_flags_negative(flags))) return -ENOENT; return 0; } return __traverse_mounts(path, flags, jumped, count, lookup_flags); } int follow_down_one(struct path *path) { struct vfsmount *mounted; mounted = lookup_mnt(path); if (mounted) { dput(path->dentry); mntput(path->mnt); path->mnt = mounted; path->dentry = dget(mounted->mnt_root); return 1; } return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(follow_down_one); /* * Follow down to the covering mount currently visible to userspace. At each * point, the filesystem owning that dentry may be queried as to whether the * caller is permitted to proceed or not. */ int follow_down(struct path *path) { struct vfsmount *mnt = path->mnt; bool jumped; int ret = traverse_mounts(path, &jumped, NULL, 0); if (path->mnt != mnt) mntput(mnt); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(follow_down); /* * Try to skip to top of mountpoint pile in rcuwalk mode. Fail if * we meet a managed dentry that would need blocking. */ static bool __follow_mount_rcu(struct nameidata *nd, struct path *path, struct inode **inode, unsigned *seqp) { struct dentry *dentry = path->dentry; unsigned int flags = dentry->d_flags; if (likely(!(flags & DCACHE_MANAGED_DENTRY))) return true; if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_NO_XDEV)) return false; for (;;) { /* * Don't forget we might have a non-mountpoint managed dentry * that wants to block transit. */ if (unlikely(flags & DCACHE_MANAGE_TRANSIT)) { int res = dentry->d_op->d_manage(path, true); if (res) return res == -EISDIR; flags = dentry->d_flags; } if (flags & DCACHE_MOUNTED) { struct mount *mounted = __lookup_mnt(path->mnt, dentry); if (mounted) { path->mnt = &mounted->mnt; dentry = path->dentry = mounted->mnt.mnt_root; nd->flags |= LOOKUP_JUMPED; *seqp = read_seqcount_begin(&dentry->d_seq); *inode = dentry->d_inode; /* * We don't need to re-check ->d_seq after this * ->d_inode read - there will be an RCU delay * between mount hash removal and ->mnt_root * becoming unpinned. */ flags = dentry->d_flags; continue; } if (read_seqretry(&mount_lock, nd->m_seq)) return false; } return !(flags & DCACHE_NEED_AUTOMOUNT); } } static inline int handle_mounts(struct nameidata *nd, struct dentry *dentry, struct path *path, struct inode **inode, unsigned int *seqp) { bool jumped; int ret; path->mnt = nd->path.mnt; path->dentry = dentry; if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { unsigned int seq = *seqp; if (unlikely(!*inode)) return -ENOENT; if (likely(__follow_mount_rcu(nd, path, inode, seqp))) return 0; if (unlazy_child(nd, dentry, seq)) return -ECHILD; // *path might've been clobbered by __follow_mount_rcu() path->mnt = nd->path.mnt; path->dentry = dentry; } ret = traverse_mounts(path, &jumped, &nd->total_link_count, nd->flags); if (jumped) { if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_NO_XDEV)) ret = -EXDEV; else nd->flags |= LOOKUP_JUMPED; } if (unlikely(ret)) { dput(path->dentry); if (path->mnt != nd->path.mnt) mntput(path->mnt); } else { *inode = d_backing_inode(path->dentry); *seqp = 0; /* out of RCU mode, so the value doesn't matter */ } return ret; } /* * This looks up the name in dcache and possibly revalidates the found dentry. * NULL is returned if the dentry does not exist in the cache. */ static struct dentry *lookup_dcache(const struct qstr *name, struct dentry *dir, unsigned int flags) { struct dentry *dentry = d_lookup(dir, name); if (dentry) { int error = d_revalidate(dentry, flags); if (unlikely(error <= 0)) { if (!error) d_invalidate(dentry); dput(dentry); return ERR_PTR(error); } } return dentry; } /* * Parent directory has inode locked exclusive. This is one * and only case when ->lookup() gets called on non in-lookup * dentries - as the matter of fact, this only gets called * when directory is guaranteed to have no in-lookup children * at all. */ static struct dentry *__lookup_hash(const struct qstr *name, struct dentry *base, unsigned int flags) { struct dentry *dentry = lookup_dcache(name, base, flags); struct dentry *old; struct inode *dir = base->d_inode; if (dentry) return dentry; /* Don't create child dentry for a dead directory. */ if (unlikely(IS_DEADDIR(dir))) return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); dentry = d_alloc(base, name); if (unlikely(!dentry)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); old = dir->i_op->lookup(dir, dentry, flags); if (unlikely(old)) { dput(dentry); dentry = old; } return dentry; } static struct dentry *lookup_fast(struct nameidata *nd, struct inode **inode, unsigned *seqp) { struct dentry *dentry, *parent = nd->path.dentry; int status = 1; /* * Rename seqlock is not required here because in the off chance * of a false negative due to a concurrent rename, the caller is * going to fall back to non-racy lookup. */ if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { unsigned seq; dentry = __d_lookup_rcu(parent, &nd->last, &seq); if (unlikely(!dentry)) { if (!try_to_unlazy(nd)) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); return NULL; } /* * This sequence count validates that the inode matches * the dentry name information from lookup. */ *inode = d_backing_inode(dentry); if (unlikely(read_seqcount_retry(&dentry->d_seq, seq))) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); /* * This sequence count validates that the parent had no * changes while we did the lookup of the dentry above. * * The memory barrier in read_seqcount_begin of child is * enough, we can use __read_seqcount_retry here. */ if (unlikely(__read_seqcount_retry(&parent->d_seq, nd->seq))) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); *seqp = seq; status = d_revalidate(dentry, nd->flags); if (likely(status > 0)) return dentry; if (unlazy_child(nd, dentry, seq)) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); if (unlikely(status == -ECHILD)) /* we'd been told to redo it in non-rcu mode */ status = d_revalidate(dentry, nd->flags); } else { dentry = __d_lookup(parent, &nd->last); if (unlikely(!dentry)) return NULL; status = d_revalidate(dentry, nd->flags); } if (unlikely(status <= 0)) { if (!status) d_invalidate(dentry); dput(dentry); return ERR_PTR(status); } return dentry; } /* Fast lookup failed, do it the slow way */ static struct dentry *__lookup_slow(const struct qstr *name, struct dentry *dir, unsigned int flags) { struct dentry *dentry, *old; struct inode *inode = dir->d_inode; DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD_ONSTACK(wq); /* Don't go there if it's already dead */ if (unlikely(IS_DEADDIR(inode))) return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); again: dentry = d_alloc_parallel(dir, name, &wq); if (IS_ERR(dentry)) return dentry; if (unlikely(!d_in_lookup(dentry))) { int error = d_revalidate(dentry, flags); if (unlikely(error <= 0)) { if (!error) { d_invalidate(dentry); dput(dentry); goto again; } dput(dentry); dentry = ERR_PTR(error); } } else { old = inode->i_op->lookup(inode, dentry, flags); d_lookup_done(dentry); if (unlikely(old)) { dput(dentry); dentry = old; } } return dentry; } static struct dentry *lookup_slow(const struct qstr *name, struct dentry *dir, unsigned int flags) { struct inode *inode = dir->d_inode; struct dentry *res; inode_lock_shared(inode); res = __lookup_slow(name, dir, flags); inode_unlock_shared(inode); return res; } static inline int may_lookup(struct nameidata *nd) { if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { int err = inode_permission(nd->inode, MAY_EXEC|MAY_NOT_BLOCK); if (err != -ECHILD || !try_to_unlazy(nd)) return err; } return inode_permission(nd->inode, MAY_EXEC); } static int reserve_stack(struct nameidata *nd, struct path *link, unsigned seq) { if (unlikely(nd->total_link_count++ >= MAXSYMLINKS)) return -ELOOP; if (likely(nd->depth != EMBEDDED_LEVELS)) return 0; if (likely(nd->stack != nd->internal)) return 0; if (likely(nd_alloc_stack(nd))) return 0; if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { // we need to grab link before we do unlazy. And we can't skip // unlazy even if we fail to grab the link - cleanup needs it bool grabbed_link = legitimize_path(nd, link, seq); if (!try_to_unlazy(nd) != 0 || !grabbed_link) return -ECHILD; if (nd_alloc_stack(nd)) return 0; } return -ENOMEM; } enum {WALK_TRAILING = 1, WALK_MORE = 2, WALK_NOFOLLOW = 4}; static const char *pick_link(struct nameidata *nd, struct path *link, struct inode *inode, unsigned seq, int flags) { struct saved *last; const char *res; int error = reserve_stack(nd, link, seq); if (unlikely(error)) { if (!(nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU)) path_put(link); return ERR_PTR(error); } last = nd->stack + nd->depth++; last->link = *link; clear_delayed_call(&last->done); last->seq = seq; if (flags & WALK_TRAILING) { error = may_follow_link(nd, inode); if (unlikely(error)) return ERR_PTR(error); } if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_NO_SYMLINKS) || unlikely(link->mnt->mnt_flags & MNT_NOSYMFOLLOW)) return ERR_PTR(-ELOOP); if (!(nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU)) { touch_atime(&last->link); cond_resched(); } else if (atime_needs_update(&last->link, inode)) { if (!try_to_unlazy(nd)) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); touch_atime(&last->link); } error = security_inode_follow_link(link->dentry, inode, nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU); if (unlikely(error)) return ERR_PTR(error); res = READ_ONCE(inode->i_link); if (!res) { const char * (*get)(struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct delayed_call *); get = inode->i_op->get_link; if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { res = get(NULL, inode, &last->done); if (res == ERR_PTR(-ECHILD) && try_to_unlazy(nd)) res = get(link->dentry, inode, &last->done); } else { res = get(link->dentry, inode, &last->done); } if (!res) goto all_done; if (IS_ERR(res)) return res; } if (*res == '/') { error = nd_jump_root(nd); if (unlikely(error)) return ERR_PTR(error); while (unlikely(*++res == '/')) ; } if (*res) return res; all_done: // pure jump put_link(nd); return NULL; } /* * Do we need to follow links? We _really_ want to be able * to do this check without having to look at inode->i_op, * so we keep a cache of "no, this doesn't need follow_link" * for the common case. */ static const char *step_into(struct nameidata *nd, int flags, struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode, unsigned seq) { struct path path; int err = handle_mounts(nd, dentry, &path, &inode, &seq); if (err < 0) return ERR_PTR(err); if (likely(!d_is_symlink(path.dentry)) || ((flags & WALK_TRAILING) && !(nd->flags & LOOKUP_FOLLOW)) || (flags & WALK_NOFOLLOW)) { /* not a symlink or should not follow */ if (!(nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU)) { dput(nd->path.dentry); if (nd->path.mnt != path.mnt) mntput(nd->path.mnt); } nd->path = path; nd->inode = inode; nd->seq = seq; return NULL; } if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { /* make sure that d_is_symlink above matches inode */ if (read_seqcount_retry(&path.dentry->d_seq, seq)) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); } else { if (path.mnt == nd->path.mnt) mntget(path.mnt); } return pick_link(nd, &path, inode, seq, flags); } static struct dentry *follow_dotdot_rcu(struct nameidata *nd, struct inode **inodep, unsigned *seqp) { struct dentry *parent, *old; if (path_equal(&nd->path, &nd->root)) goto in_root; if (unlikely(nd->path.dentry == nd->path.mnt->mnt_root)) { struct path path; unsigned seq; if (!choose_mountpoint_rcu(real_mount(nd->path.mnt), &nd->root, &path, &seq)) goto in_root; if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_NO_XDEV)) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); nd->path = path; nd->inode = path.dentry->d_inode; nd->seq = seq; if (unlikely(read_seqretry(&mount_lock, nd->m_seq))) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); /* we know that mountpoint was pinned */ } old = nd->path.dentry; parent = old->d_parent; *inodep = parent->d_inode; *seqp = read_seqcount_begin(&parent->d_seq); if (unlikely(read_seqcount_retry(&old->d_seq, nd->seq))) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); if (unlikely(!path_connected(nd->path.mnt, parent))) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); return parent; in_root: if (unlikely(read_seqretry(&mount_lock, nd->m_seq))) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_BENEATH)) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); return NULL; } static struct dentry *follow_dotdot(struct nameidata *nd, struct inode **inodep, unsigned *seqp) { struct dentry *parent; if (path_equal(&nd->path, &nd->root)) goto in_root; if (unlikely(nd->path.dentry == nd->path.mnt->mnt_root)) { struct path path; if (!choose_mountpoint(real_mount(nd->path.mnt), &nd->root, &path)) goto in_root; path_put(&nd->path); nd->path = path; nd->inode = path.dentry->d_inode; if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_NO_XDEV)) return ERR_PTR(-EXDEV); } /* rare case of legitimate dget_parent()... */ parent = dget_parent(nd->path.dentry); if (unlikely(!path_connected(nd->path.mnt, parent))) { dput(parent); return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); } *seqp = 0; *inodep = parent->d_inode; return parent; in_root: if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_BENEATH)) return ERR_PTR(-EXDEV); dget(nd->path.dentry); return NULL; } static const char *handle_dots(struct nameidata *nd, int type) { if (type == LAST_DOTDOT) { const char *error = NULL; struct dentry *parent; struct inode *inode; unsigned seq; if (!nd->root.mnt) { error = ERR_PTR(set_root(nd)); if (error) return error; } if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) parent = follow_dotdot_rcu(nd, &inode, &seq); else parent = follow_dotdot(nd, &inode, &seq); if (IS_ERR(parent)) return ERR_CAST(parent); if (unlikely(!parent)) error = step_into(nd, WALK_NOFOLLOW, nd->path.dentry, nd->inode, nd->seq); else error = step_into(nd, WALK_NOFOLLOW, parent, inode, seq); if (unlikely(error)) return error; if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_IS_SCOPED)) { /* * If there was a racing rename or mount along our * path, then we can't be sure that ".." hasn't jumped * above nd->root (and so userspace should retry or use * some fallback). */ smp_rmb(); if (unlikely(__read_seqcount_retry(&mount_lock.seqcount, nd->m_seq))) return ERR_PTR(-EAGAIN); if (unlikely(__read_seqcount_retry(&rename_lock.seqcount, nd->r_seq))) return ERR_PTR(-EAGAIN); } } return NULL; } static const char *walk_component(struct nameidata *nd, int flags) { struct dentry *dentry; struct inode *inode; unsigned seq; /* * "." and ".." are special - ".." especially so because it has * to be able to know about the current root directory and * parent relationships. */ if (unlikely(nd->last_type != LAST_NORM)) { if (!(flags & WALK_MORE) && nd->depth) put_link(nd); return handle_dots(nd, nd->last_type); } dentry = lookup_fast(nd, &inode, &seq); if (IS_ERR(dentry)) return ERR_CAST(dentry); if (unlikely(!dentry)) { dentry = lookup_slow(&nd->last, nd->path.dentry, nd->flags); if (IS_ERR(dentry)) return ERR_CAST(dentry); } if (!(flags & WALK_MORE) && nd->depth) put_link(nd); return step_into(nd, flags, dentry, inode, seq); } /* * We can do the critical dentry name comparison and hashing * operations one word at a time, but we are limited to: * * - Architectures with fast unaligned word accesses. We could * do a "get_unaligned()" if this helps and is sufficiently * fast. * * - non-CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC configurations (so that we * do not trap on the (extremely unlikely) case of a page * crossing operation. * * - Furthermore, we need an efficient 64-bit compile for the * 64-bit case in order to generate the "number of bytes in * the final mask". Again, that could be replaced with a * efficient population count instruction or similar. */ #ifdef CONFIG_DCACHE_WORD_ACCESS #include <asm/word-at-a-time.h> #ifdef HASH_MIX /* Architecture provides HASH_MIX and fold_hash() in <asm/hash.h> */ #elif defined(CONFIG_64BIT) /* * Register pressure in the mixing function is an issue, particularly * on 32-bit x86, but almost any function requires one state value and * one temporary. Instead, use a function designed for two state values * and no temporaries. * * This function cannot create a collision in only two iterations, so * we have two iterations to achieve avalanche. In those two iterations, * we have six layers of mixing, which is enough to spread one bit's * influence out to 2^6 = 64 state bits. * * Rotate constants are scored by considering either 64 one-bit input * deltas or 64*63/2 = 2016 two-bit input deltas, and finding the * probability of that delta causing a change to each of the 128 output * bits, using a sample of random initial states. * * The Shannon entropy of the computed probabilities is then summed * to produce a score. Ideally, any input change has a 50% chance of * toggling any given output bit. * * Mixing scores (in bits) for (12,45): * Input delta: 1-bit 2-bit * 1 round: 713.3 42542.6 * 2 rounds: 2753.7 140389.8 * 3 rounds: 5954.1 233458.2 * 4 rounds: 7862.6 256672.2 * Perfect: 8192 258048 * (64*128) (64*63/2 * 128) */ #define HASH_MIX(x, y, a) \ ( x ^= (a), \ y ^= x, x = rol64(x,12),\ x += y, y = rol64(y,45),\ y *= 9 ) /* * Fold two longs into one 32-bit hash value. This must be fast, but * latency isn't quite as critical, as there is a fair bit of additional * work done before the hash value is used. */ static inline unsigned int fold_hash(unsigned long x, unsigned long y) { y ^= x * GOLDEN_RATIO_64; y *= GOLDEN_RATIO_64; return y >> 32; } #else /* 32-bit case */ /* * Mixing scores (in bits) for (7,20): * Input delta: 1-bit 2-bit * 1 round: 330.3 9201.6 * 2 rounds: 1246.4 25475.4 * 3 rounds: 1907.1 31295.1 * 4 rounds: 2042.3 31718.6 * Perfect: 2048 31744 * (32*64) (32*31/2 * 64) */ #define HASH_MIX(x, y, a) \ ( x ^= (a), \ y ^= x, x = rol32(x, 7),\ x += y, y = rol32(y,20),\ y *= 9 ) static inline unsigned int fold_hash(unsigned long x, unsigned long y) { /* Use arch-optimized multiply if one exists */ return __hash_32(y ^ __hash_32(x)); } #endif /* * Return the hash of a string of known length. This is carfully * designed to match hash_name(), which is the more critical function. * In particular, we must end by hashing a final word containing 0..7 * payload bytes, to match the way that hash_name() iterates until it * finds the delimiter after the name. */ unsigned int full_name_hash(const void *salt, const char *name, unsigned int len) { unsigned long a, x = 0, y = (unsigned long)salt; for (;;) { if (!len) goto done; a = load_unaligned_zeropad(name); if (len < sizeof(unsigned long)) break; HASH_MIX(x, y, a); name += sizeof(unsigned long); len -= sizeof(unsigned long); } x ^= a & bytemask_from_count(len); done: return fold_hash(x, y); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(full_name_hash); /* Return the "hash_len" (hash and length) of a null-terminated string */ u64 hashlen_string(const void *salt, const char *name) { unsigned long a = 0, x = 0, y = (unsigned long)salt; unsigned long adata, mask, len; const struct word_at_a_time constants = WORD_AT_A_TIME_CONSTANTS; len = 0; goto inside; do { HASH_MIX(x, y, a); len += sizeof(unsigned long); inside: a = load_unaligned_zeropad(name+len); } while (!has_zero(a, &adata, &constants)); adata = prep_zero_mask(a, adata, &constants); mask = create_zero_mask(adata); x ^= a & zero_bytemask(mask); return hashlen_create(fold_hash(x, y), len + find_zero(mask)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(hashlen_string); /* * Calculate the length and hash of the path component, and * return the "hash_len" as the result. */ static inline u64 hash_name(const void *salt, const char *name) { unsigned long a = 0, b, x = 0, y = (unsigned long)salt; unsigned long adata, bdata, mask, len; const struct word_at_a_time constants = WORD_AT_A_TIME_CONSTANTS; len = 0; goto inside; do { HASH_MIX(x, y, a); len += sizeof(unsigned long); inside: a = load_unaligned_zeropad(name+len); b = a ^ REPEAT_BYTE('/'); } while (!(has_zero(a, &adata, &constants) | has_zero(b, &bdata, &constants))); adata = prep_zero_mask(a, adata, &constants); bdata = prep_zero_mask(b, bdata, &constants); mask = create_zero_mask(adata | bdata); x ^= a & zero_bytemask(mask); return hashlen_create(fold_hash(x, y), len + find_zero(mask)); } #else /* !CONFIG_DCACHE_WORD_ACCESS: Slow, byte-at-a-time version */ /* Return the hash of a string of known length */ unsigned int full_name_hash(const void *salt, const char *name, unsigned int len) { unsigned long hash = init_name_hash(salt); while (len--) hash = partial_name_hash((unsigned char)*name++, hash); return end_name_hash(hash); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(full_name_hash); /* Return the "hash_len" (hash and length) of a null-terminated string */ u64 hashlen_string(const void *salt, const char *name) { unsigned long hash = init_name_hash(salt); unsigned long len = 0, c; c = (unsigned char)*name; while (c) { len++; hash = partial_name_hash(c, hash); c = (unsigned char)name[len]; } return hashlen_create(end_name_hash(hash), len); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(hashlen_string); /* * We know there's a real path component here of at least * one character. */ static inline u64 hash_name(const void *salt, const char *name) { unsigned long hash = init_name_hash(salt); unsigned long len = 0, c; c = (unsigned char)*name; do { len++; hash = partial_name_hash(c, hash); c = (unsigned char)name[len]; } while (c && c != '/'); return hashlen_create(end_name_hash(hash), len); } #endif /* * Name resolution. * This is the basic name resolution function, turning a pathname into * the final dentry. We expect 'base' to be positive and a directory. * * Returns 0 and nd will have valid dentry and mnt on success. * Returns error and drops reference to input namei data on failure. */ static int link_path_walk(const char *name, struct nameidata *nd) { int depth = 0; // depth <= nd->depth int err; nd->last_type = LAST_ROOT; nd->flags |= LOOKUP_PARENT; if (IS_ERR(name)) return PTR_ERR(name); while (*name=='/') name++; if (!*name) return 0; /* At this point we know we have a real path component. */ for(;;) { const char *link; u64 hash_len; int type; err = may_lookup(nd); if (err) return err; hash_len = hash_name(nd->path.dentry, name); type = LAST_NORM; if (name[0] == '.') switch (hashlen_len(hash_len)) { case 2: if (name[1] == '.') { type = LAST_DOTDOT; nd->flags |= LOOKUP_JUMPED; } break; case 1: type = LAST_DOT; } if (likely(type == LAST_NORM)) { struct dentry *parent = nd->path.dentry; nd->flags &= ~LOOKUP_JUMPED; if (unlikely(parent->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_HASH)) { struct qstr this = { { .hash_len = hash_len }, .name = name }; err = parent->d_op->d_hash(parent, &this); if (err < 0) return err; hash_len = this.hash_len; name = this.name; } } nd->last.hash_len = hash_len; nd->last.name = name; nd->last_type = type; name += hashlen_len(hash_len); if (!*name) goto OK; /* * If it wasn't NUL, we know it was '/'. Skip that * slash, and continue until no more slashes. */ do { name++; } while (unlikely(*name == '/')); if (unlikely(!*name)) { OK: /* pathname or trailing symlink, done */ if (!depth) { nd->dir_uid = nd->inode->i_uid; nd->dir_mode = nd->inode->i_mode; nd->flags &= ~LOOKUP_PARENT; return 0; } /* last component of nested symlink */ name = nd->stack[--depth].name; link = walk_component(nd, 0); } else { /* not the last component */ link = walk_component(nd, WALK_MORE); } if (unlikely(link)) { if (IS_ERR(link)) return PTR_ERR(link); /* a symlink to follow */ nd->stack[depth++].name = name; name = link; continue; } if (unlikely(!d_can_lookup(nd->path.dentry))) { if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { if (!try_to_unlazy(nd)) return -ECHILD; } return -ENOTDIR; } } } /* must be paired with terminate_walk() */ static const char *path_init(struct nameidata *nd, unsigned flags) { int error; const char *s = nd->name->name; if (!*s) flags &= ~LOOKUP_RCU; if (flags & LOOKUP_RCU) rcu_read_lock(); nd->flags = flags | LOOKUP_JUMPED; nd->depth = 0; nd->m_seq = __read_seqcount_begin(&mount_lock.seqcount); nd->r_seq = __read_seqcount_begin(&rename_lock.seqcount); smp_rmb(); if (flags & LOOKUP_ROOT) { struct dentry *root = nd->root.dentry; struct inode *inode = root->d_inode; if (*s && unlikely(!d_can_lookup(root))) return ERR_PTR(-ENOTDIR); nd->path = nd->root; nd->inode = inode; if (flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { nd->seq = read_seqcount_begin(&nd->path.dentry->d_seq); nd->root_seq = nd->seq; } else { path_get(&nd->path); } return s; } nd->root.mnt = NULL; nd->path.mnt = NULL; nd->path.dentry = NULL; /* Absolute pathname -- fetch the root (LOOKUP_IN_ROOT uses nd->dfd). */ if (*s == '/' && !(flags & LOOKUP_IN_ROOT)) { error = nd_jump_root(nd); if (unlikely(error)) return ERR_PTR(error); return s; } /* Relative pathname -- get the starting-point it is relative to. */ if (nd->dfd == AT_FDCWD) { if (flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { struct fs_struct *fs = current->fs; unsigned seq; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&fs->seq); nd->path = fs->pwd; nd->inode = nd->path.dentry->d_inode; nd->seq = __read_seqcount_begin(&nd->path.dentry->d_seq); } while (read_seqcount_retry(&fs->seq, seq)); } else { get_fs_pwd(current->fs, &nd->path); nd->inode = nd->path.dentry->d_inode; } } else { /* Caller must check execute permissions on the starting path component */ struct fd f = fdget_raw(nd->dfd); struct dentry *dentry; if (!f.file) return ERR_PTR(-EBADF); dentry = f.file->f_path.dentry; if (*s && unlikely(!d_can_lookup(dentry))) { fdput(f); return ERR_PTR(-ENOTDIR); } nd->path = f.file->f_path; if (flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { nd->inode = nd->path.dentry->d_inode; nd->seq = read_seqcount_begin(&nd->path.dentry->d_seq); } else { path_get(&nd->path); nd->inode = nd->path.dentry->d_inode; } fdput(f); } /* For scoped-lookups we need to set the root to the dirfd as well. */ if (flags & LOOKUP_IS_SCOPED) { nd->root = nd->path; if (flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { nd->root_seq = nd->seq; } else { path_get(&nd->root); nd->flags |= LOOKUP_ROOT_GRABBED; } } return s; } static inline const char *lookup_last(struct nameidata *nd) { if (nd->last_type == LAST_NORM && nd->last.name[nd->last.len]) nd->flags |= LOOKUP_FOLLOW | LOOKUP_DIRECTORY; return walk_component(nd, WALK_TRAILING); } static int handle_lookup_down(struct nameidata *nd) { if (!(nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU)) dget(nd->path.dentry); return PTR_ERR(step_into(nd, WALK_NOFOLLOW, nd->path.dentry, nd->inode, nd->seq)); } /* Returns 0 and nd will be valid on success; Retuns error, otherwise. */ static int path_lookupat(struct nameidata *nd, unsigned flags, struct path *path) { const char *s = path_init(nd, flags); int err; if (unlikely(flags & LOOKUP_DOWN) && !IS_ERR(s)) { err = handle_lookup_down(nd); if (unlikely(err < 0)) s = ERR_PTR(err); } while (!(err = link_path_walk(s, nd)) && (s = lookup_last(nd)) != NULL) ; if (!err && unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_MOUNTPOINT)) { err = handle_lookup_down(nd); nd->flags &= ~LOOKUP_JUMPED; // no d_weak_revalidate(), please... } if (!err) err = complete_walk(nd); if (!err && nd->flags & LOOKUP_DIRECTORY) if (!d_can_lookup(nd->path.dentry)) err = -ENOTDIR; if (!err) { *path = nd->path; nd->path.mnt = NULL; nd->path.dentry = NULL; } terminate_walk(nd); return err; } int filename_lookup(int dfd, struct filename *name, unsigned flags, struct path *path, struct path *root) { int retval; struct nameidata nd; if (IS_ERR(name)) return PTR_ERR(name); if (unlikely(root)) { nd.root = *root; flags |= LOOKUP_ROOT; } set_nameidata(&nd, dfd, name); retval = path_lookupat(&nd, flags | LOOKUP_RCU, path); if (unlikely(retval == -ECHILD)) retval = path_lookupat(&nd, flags, path); if (unlikely(retval == -ESTALE)) retval = path_lookupat(&nd, flags | LOOKUP_REVAL, path); if (likely(!retval)) audit_inode(name, path->dentry, flags & LOOKUP_MOUNTPOINT ? AUDIT_INODE_NOEVAL : 0); restore_nameidata(); putname(name); return retval; } /* Returns 0 and nd will be valid on success; Retuns error, otherwise. */ static int path_parentat(struct nameidata *nd, unsigned flags, struct path *parent) { const char *s = path_init(nd, flags); int err = link_path_walk(s, nd); if (!err) err = complete_walk(nd); if (!err) { *parent = nd->path; nd->path.mnt = NULL; nd->path.dentry = NULL; } terminate_walk(nd); return err; } static struct filename *filename_parentat(int dfd, struct filename *name, unsigned int flags, struct path *parent, struct qstr *last, int *type) { int retval; struct nameidata nd; if (IS_ERR(name)) return name; set_nameidata(&nd, dfd, name); retval = path_parentat(&nd, flags | LOOKUP_RCU, parent); if (unlikely(retval == -ECHILD)) retval = path_parentat(&nd, flags, parent); if (unlikely(retval == -ESTALE)) retval = path_parentat(&nd, flags | LOOKUP_REVAL, parent); if (likely(!retval)) { *last = nd.last; *type = nd.last_type; audit_inode(name, parent->dentry, AUDIT_INODE_PARENT); } else { putname(name); name = ERR_PTR(retval); } restore_nameidata(); return name; } /* does lookup, returns the object with parent locked */ struct dentry *kern_path_locked(const char *name, struct path *path) { struct filename *filename; struct dentry *d; struct qstr last; int type; filename = filename_parentat(AT_FDCWD, getname_kernel(name), 0, path, &last, &type); if (IS_ERR(filename)) return ERR_CAST(filename); if (unlikely(type != LAST_NORM)) { path_put(path); putname(filename); return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } inode_lock_nested(path->dentry->d_inode, I_MUTEX_PARENT); d = __lookup_hash(&last, path->dentry, 0); if (IS_ERR(d)) { inode_unlock(path->dentry->d_inode); path_put(path); } putname(filename); return d; } int kern_path(const char *name, unsigned int flags, struct path *path) { return filename_lookup(AT_FDCWD, getname_kernel(name), flags, path, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kern_path); /** * vfs_path_lookup - lookup a file path relative to a dentry-vfsmount pair * @dentry: pointer to dentry of the base directory * @mnt: pointer to vfs mount of the base directory * @name: pointer to file name * @flags: lookup flags * @path: pointer to struct path to fill */ int vfs_path_lookup(struct dentry *dentry, struct vfsmount *mnt, const char *name, unsigned int flags, struct path *path) { struct path root = {.mnt = mnt, .dentry = dentry}; /* the first argument of filename_lookup() is ignored with root */ return filename_lookup(AT_FDCWD, getname_kernel(name), flags , path, &root); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_path_lookup); static int lookup_one_len_common(const char *name, struct dentry *base, int len, struct qstr *this) { this->name = name; this->len = len; this->hash = full_name_hash(base, name, len); if (!len) return -EACCES; if (unlikely(name[0] == '.')) { if (len < 2 || (len == 2 && name[1] == '.')) return -EACCES; } while (len--) { unsigned int c = *(const unsigned char *)name++; if (c == '/' || c == '\0') return -EACCES; } /* * See if the low-level filesystem might want * to use its own hash.. */ if (base->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_HASH) { int err = base->d_op->d_hash(base, this); if (err < 0) return err; } return inode_permission(base->d_inode, MAY_EXEC); } /** * try_lookup_one_len - filesystem helper to lookup single pathname component * @name: pathname component to lookup * @base: base directory to lookup from * @len: maximum length @len should be interpreted to * * Look up a dentry by name in the dcache, returning NULL if it does not * currently exist. The function does not try to create a dentry. * * Note that this routine is purely a helper for filesystem usage and should * not be called by generic code. * * The caller must hold base->i_mutex. */ struct dentry *try_lookup_one_len(const char *name, struct dentry *base, int len) { struct qstr this; int err; WARN_ON_ONCE(!inode_is_locked(base->d_inode)); err = lookup_one_len_common(name, base, len, &this); if (err) return ERR_PTR(err); return lookup_dcache(&this, base, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(try_lookup_one_len); /** * lookup_one_len - filesystem helper to lookup single pathname component * @name: pathname component to lookup * @base: base directory to lookup from * @len: maximum length @len should be interpreted to * * Note that this routine is purely a helper for filesystem usage and should * not be called by generic code. * * The caller must hold base->i_mutex. */ struct dentry *lookup_one_len(const char *name, struct dentry *base, int len) { struct dentry *dentry; struct qstr this; int err; WARN_ON_ONCE(!inode_is_locked(base->d_inode)); err = lookup_one_len_common(name, base, len, &this); if (err) return ERR_PTR(err); dentry = lookup_dcache(&this, base, 0); return dentry ? dentry : __lookup_slow(&this, base, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(lookup_one_len); /** * lookup_one_len_unlocked - filesystem helper to lookup single pathname component * @name: pathname component to lookup * @base: base directory to lookup from * @len: maximum length @len should be interpreted to * * Note that this routine is purely a helper for filesystem usage and should * not be called by generic code. * * Unlike lookup_one_len, it should be called without the parent * i_mutex held, and will take the i_mutex itself if necessary. */ struct dentry *lookup_one_len_unlocked(const char *name, struct dentry *base, int len) { struct qstr this; int err; struct dentry *ret; err = lookup_one_len_common(name, base, len, &this); if (err) return ERR_PTR(err); ret = lookup_dcache(&this, base, 0); if (!ret) ret = lookup_slow(&this, base, 0); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(lookup_one_len_unlocked); /* * Like lookup_one_len_unlocked(), except that it yields ERR_PTR(-ENOENT) * on negatives. Returns known positive or ERR_PTR(); that's what * most of the users want. Note that pinned negative with unlocked parent * _can_ become positive at any time, so callers of lookup_one_len_unlocked() * need to be very careful; pinned positives have ->d_inode stable, so * this one avoids such problems. */ struct dentry *lookup_positive_unlocked(const char *name, struct dentry *base, int len) { struct dentry *ret = lookup_one_len_unlocked(name, base, len); if (!IS_ERR(ret) && d_flags_negative(smp_load_acquire(&ret->d_flags))) { dput(ret); ret = ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); } return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(lookup_positive_unlocked); #ifdef CONFIG_UNIX98_PTYS int path_pts(struct path *path) { /* Find something mounted on "pts" in the same directory as * the input path. */ struct dentry *parent = dget_parent(path->dentry); struct dentry *child; struct qstr this = QSTR_INIT("pts", 3); if (unlikely(!path_connected(path->mnt, parent))) { dput(parent); return -ENOENT; } dput(path->dentry); path->dentry = parent; child = d_hash_and_lookup(parent, &this); if (!child) return -ENOENT; path->dentry = child; dput(parent); follow_down(path); return 0; } #endif int user_path_at_empty(int dfd, const char __user *name, unsigned flags, struct path *path, int *empty) { return filename_lookup(dfd, getname_flags(name, flags, empty), flags, path, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(user_path_at_empty); int __check_sticky(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode) { kuid_t fsuid = current_fsuid(); if (uid_eq(inode->i_uid, fsuid)) return 0; if (uid_eq(dir->i_uid, fsuid)) return 0; return !capable_wrt_inode_uidgid(inode, CAP_FOWNER); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__check_sticky); /* * Check whether we can remove a link victim from directory dir, check * whether the type of victim is right. * 1. We can't do it if dir is read-only (done in permission()) * 2. We should have write and exec permissions on dir * 3. We can't remove anything from append-only dir * 4. We can't do anything with immutable dir (done in permission()) * 5. If the sticky bit on dir is set we should either * a. be owner of dir, or * b. be owner of victim, or * c. have CAP_FOWNER capability * 6. If the victim is append-only or immutable we can't do antyhing with * links pointing to it. * 7. If the victim has an unknown uid or gid we can't change the inode. * 8. If we were asked to remove a directory and victim isn't one - ENOTDIR. * 9. If we were asked to remove a non-directory and victim isn't one - EISDIR. * 10. We can't remove a root or mountpoint. * 11. We don't allow removal of NFS sillyrenamed files; it's handled by * nfs_async_unlink(). */ static int may_delete(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *victim, bool isdir) { struct inode *inode = d_backing_inode(victim); int error; if (d_is_negative(victim)) return -ENOENT; BUG_ON(!inode); BUG_ON(victim->d_parent->d_inode != dir); /* Inode writeback is not safe when the uid or gid are invalid. */ if (!uid_valid(inode->i_uid) || !gid_valid(inode->i_gid)) return -EOVERFLOW; audit_inode_child(dir, victim, AUDIT_TYPE_CHILD_DELETE); error = inode_permission(dir, MAY_WRITE | MAY_EXEC); if (error) return error; if (IS_APPEND(dir)) return -EPERM; if (check_sticky(dir, inode) || IS_APPEND(inode) || IS_IMMUTABLE(inode) || IS_SWAPFILE(inode) || HAS_UNMAPPED_ID(inode)) return -EPERM; if (isdir) { if (!d_is_dir(victim)) return -ENOTDIR; if (IS_ROOT(victim)) return -EBUSY; } else if (d_is_dir(victim)) return -EISDIR; if (IS_DEADDIR(dir)) return -ENOENT; if (victim->d_flags & DCACHE_NFSFS_RENAMED) return -EBUSY; return 0; } /* Check whether we can create an object with dentry child in directory * dir. * 1. We can't do it if child already exists (open has special treatment for * this case, but since we are inlined it's OK) * 2. We can't do it if dir is read-only (done in permission()) * 3. We can't do it if the fs can't represent the fsuid or fsgid. * 4. We should have write and exec permissions on dir * 5. We can't do it if dir is immutable (done in permission()) */ static inline int may_create(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *child) { struct user_namespace *s_user_ns; audit_inode_child(dir, child, AUDIT_TYPE_CHILD_CREATE); if (child->d_inode) return -EEXIST; if (IS_DEADDIR(dir)) return -ENOENT; s_user_ns = dir->i_sb->s_user_ns; if (!kuid_has_mapping(s_user_ns, current_fsuid()) || !kgid_has_mapping(s_user_ns, current_fsgid())) return -EOVERFLOW; return inode_permission(dir, MAY_WRITE | MAY_EXEC); } /* * p1 and p2 should be directories on the same fs. */ struct dentry *lock_rename(struct dentry *p1, struct dentry *p2) { struct dentry *p; if (p1 == p2) { inode_lock_nested(p1->d_inode, I_MUTEX_PARENT); return NULL; } mutex_lock(&p1->d_sb->s_vfs_rename_mutex); p = d_ancestor(p2, p1); if (p) { inode_lock_nested(p2->d_inode, I_MUTEX_PARENT); inode_lock_nested(p1->d_inode, I_MUTEX_CHILD); return p; } p = d_ancestor(p1, p2); if (p) { inode_lock_nested(p1->d_inode, I_MUTEX_PARENT); inode_lock_nested(p2->d_inode, I_MUTEX_CHILD); return p; } inode_lock_nested(p1->d_inode, I_MUTEX_PARENT); inode_lock_nested(p2->d_inode, I_MUTEX_PARENT2); return NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(lock_rename); void unlock_rename(struct dentry *p1, struct dentry *p2) { inode_unlock(p1->d_inode); if (p1 != p2) { inode_unlock(p2->d_inode); mutex_unlock(&p1->d_sb->s_vfs_rename_mutex); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(unlock_rename); int vfs_create(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode, bool want_excl) { int error = may_create(dir, dentry); if (error) return error; if (!dir->i_op->create) return -EACCES; /* shouldn't it be ENOSYS? */ mode &= S_IALLUGO; mode |= S_IFREG; error = security_inode_create(dir, dentry, mode); if (error) return error; error = dir->i_op->create(dir, dentry, mode, want_excl); if (!error) fsnotify_create(dir, dentry); return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_create); int vfs_mkobj(struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode, int (*f)(struct dentry *, umode_t, void *), void *arg) { struct inode *dir = dentry->d_parent->d_inode; int error = may_create(dir, dentry); if (error) return error; mode &= S_IALLUGO; mode |= S_IFREG; error = security_inode_create(dir, dentry, mode); if (error) return error; error = f(dentry, mode, arg); if (!error) fsnotify_create(dir, dentry); return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_mkobj); bool may_open_dev(const struct path *path) { return !(path->mnt->mnt_flags & MNT_NODEV) && !(path->mnt->mnt_sb->s_iflags & SB_I_NODEV); } static int may_open(const struct path *path, int acc_mode, int flag) { struct dentry *dentry = path->dentry; struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode; int error; if (!inode) return -ENOENT; switch (inode->i_mode & S_IFMT) { case S_IFLNK: return -ELOOP; case S_IFDIR: if (acc_mode & MAY_WRITE) return -EISDIR; if (acc_mode & MAY_EXEC) return -EACCES; break; case S_IFBLK: case S_IFCHR: if (!may_open_dev(path)) return -EACCES; fallthrough; case S_IFIFO: case S_IFSOCK: if (acc_mode & MAY_EXEC) return -EACCES; flag &= ~O_TRUNC; break; case S_IFREG: if ((acc_mode & MAY_EXEC) && path_noexec(path)) return -EACCES; break; } error = inode_permission(inode, MAY_OPEN | acc_mode); if (error) return error; /* * An append-only file must be opened in append mode for writing. */ if (IS_APPEND(inode)) { if ((flag & O_ACCMODE) != O_RDONLY && !(flag & O_APPEND)) return -EPERM; if (flag & O_TRUNC) return -EPERM; } /* O_NOATIME can only be set by the owner or superuser */ if (flag & O_NOATIME && !inode_owner_or_capable(inode)) return -EPERM; return 0; } static int handle_truncate(struct file *filp) { const struct path *path = &filp->f_path; struct inode *inode = path->dentry->d_inode; int error = get_write_access(inode); if (error) return error; /* * Refuse to truncate files with mandatory locks held on them. */ error = locks_verify_locked(filp); if (!error) error = security_path_truncate(path); if (!error) { error = do_truncate(path->dentry, 0, ATTR_MTIME|ATTR_CTIME|ATTR_OPEN, filp); } put_write_access(inode); return error; } static inline int open_to_namei_flags(int flag) { if ((flag & O_ACCMODE) == 3) flag--; return flag; } static int may_o_create(const struct path *dir, struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode) { struct user_namespace *s_user_ns; int error = security_path_mknod(dir, dentry, mode, 0); if (error) return error; s_user_ns = dir->dentry->d_sb->s_user_ns; if (!kuid_has_mapping(s_user_ns, current_fsuid()) || !kgid_has_mapping(s_user_ns, current_fsgid())) return -EOVERFLOW; error = inode_permission(dir->dentry->d_inode, MAY_WRITE | MAY_EXEC); if (error) return error; return security_inode_create(dir->dentry->d_inode, dentry, mode); } /* * Attempt to atomically look up, create and open a file from a negative * dentry. * * Returns 0 if successful. The file will have been created and attached to * @file by the filesystem calling finish_open(). * * If the file was looked up only or didn't need creating, FMODE_OPENED won't * be set. The caller will need to perform the open themselves. @path will * have been updated to point to the new dentry. This may be negative. * * Returns an error code otherwise. */ static struct dentry *atomic_open(struct nameidata *nd, struct dentry *dentry, struct file *file, int open_flag, umode_t mode) { struct dentry *const DENTRY_NOT_SET = (void *) -1UL; struct inode *dir = nd->path.dentry->d_inode; int error; if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_DIRECTORY) open_flag |= O_DIRECTORY; file->f_path.dentry = DENTRY_NOT_SET; file->f_path.mnt = nd->path.mnt; error = dir->i_op->atomic_open(dir, dentry, file, open_to_namei_flags(open_flag), mode); d_lookup_done(dentry); if (!error) { if (file->f_mode & FMODE_OPENED) { if (unlikely(dentry != file->f_path.dentry)) { dput(dentry); dentry = dget(file->f_path.dentry); } } else if (WARN_ON(file->f_path.dentry == DENTRY_NOT_SET)) { error = -EIO; } else { if (file->f_path.dentry) { dput(dentry); dentry = file->f_path.dentry; } if (unlikely(d_is_negative(dentry))) error = -ENOENT; } } if (error) { dput(dentry); dentry = ERR_PTR(error); } return dentry; } /* * Look up and maybe create and open the last component. * * Must be called with parent locked (exclusive in O_CREAT case). * * Returns 0 on success, that is, if * the file was successfully atomically created (if necessary) and opened, or * the file was not completely opened at this time, though lookups and * creations were performed. * These case are distinguished by presence of FMODE_OPENED on file->f_mode. * In the latter case dentry returned in @path might be negative if O_CREAT * hadn't been specified. * * An error code is returned on failure. */ static struct dentry *lookup_open(struct nameidata *nd, struct file *file, const struct open_flags *op, bool got_write) { struct dentry *dir = nd->path.dentry; struct inode *dir_inode = dir->d_inode; int open_flag = op->open_flag; struct dentry *dentry; int error, create_error = 0; umode_t mode = op->mode; DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD_ONSTACK(wq); if (unlikely(IS_DEADDIR(dir_inode))) return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); file->f_mode &= ~FMODE_CREATED; dentry = d_lookup(dir, &nd->last); for (;;) { if (!dentry) { dentry = d_alloc_parallel(dir, &nd->last, &wq); if (IS_ERR(dentry)) return dentry; } if (d_in_lookup(dentry)) break; error = d_revalidate(dentry, nd->flags); if (likely(error > 0)) break; if (error) goto out_dput; d_invalidate(dentry); dput(dentry); dentry = NULL; } if (dentry->d_inode) { /* Cached positive dentry: will open in f_op->open */ return dentry; } /* * Checking write permission is tricky, bacuse we don't know if we are * going to actually need it: O_CREAT opens should work as long as the * file exists. But checking existence breaks atomicity. The trick is * to check access and if not granted clear O_CREAT from the flags. * * Another problem is returing the "right" error value (e.g. for an * O_EXCL open we want to return EEXIST not EROFS). */ if (unlikely(!got_write)) open_flag &= ~O_TRUNC; if (open_flag & O_CREAT) { if (open_flag & O_EXCL) open_flag &= ~O_TRUNC; if (!IS_POSIXACL(dir->d_inode)) mode &= ~current_umask(); if (likely(got_write)) create_error = may_o_create(&nd->path, dentry, mode); else create_error = -EROFS; } if (create_error) open_flag &= ~O_CREAT; if (dir_inode->i_op->atomic_open) { dentry = atomic_open(nd, dentry, file, open_flag, mode); if (unlikely(create_error) && dentry == ERR_PTR(-ENOENT)) dentry = ERR_PTR(create_error); return dentry; } if (d_in_lookup(dentry)) { struct dentry *res = dir_inode->i_op->lookup(dir_inode, dentry, nd->flags); d_lookup_done(dentry); if (unlikely(res)) { if (IS_ERR(res)) { error = PTR_ERR(res); goto out_dput; } dput(dentry); dentry = res; } } /* Negative dentry, just create the file */ if (!dentry->d_inode && (open_flag & O_CREAT)) { file->f_mode |= FMODE_CREATED; audit_inode_child(dir_inode, dentry, AUDIT_TYPE_CHILD_CREATE); if (!dir_inode->i_op->create) { error = -EACCES; goto out_dput; } error = dir_inode->i_op->create(dir_inode, dentry, mode, open_flag & O_EXCL); if (error) goto out_dput; } if (unlikely(create_error) && !dentry->d_inode) { error = create_error; goto out_dput; } return dentry; out_dput: dput(dentry); return ERR_PTR(error); } static const char *open_last_lookups(struct nameidata *nd, struct file *file, const struct open_flags *op) { struct dentry *dir = nd->path.dentry; int open_flag = op->open_flag; bool got_write = false; unsigned seq; struct inode *inode; struct dentry *dentry; const char *res; nd->flags |= op->intent; if (nd->last_type != LAST_NORM) { if (nd->depth) put_link(nd); return handle_dots(nd, nd->last_type); } if (!(open_flag & O_CREAT)) { if (nd->last.name[nd->last.len]) nd->flags |= LOOKUP_FOLLOW | LOOKUP_DIRECTORY; /* we _can_ be in RCU mode here */ dentry = lookup_fast(nd, &inode, &seq); if (IS_ERR(dentry)) return ERR_CAST(dentry); if (likely(dentry)) goto finish_lookup; BUG_ON(nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU); } else { /* create side of things */ if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { if (!try_to_unlazy(nd)) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); } audit_inode(nd->name, dir, AUDIT_INODE_PARENT); /* trailing slashes? */ if (unlikely(nd->last.name[nd->last.len])) return ERR_PTR(-EISDIR); } if (open_flag & (O_CREAT | O_TRUNC | O_WRONLY | O_RDWR)) { got_write = !mnt_want_write(nd->path.mnt); /* * do _not_ fail yet - we might not need that or fail with * a different error; let lookup_open() decide; we'll be * dropping this one anyway. */ } if (open_flag & O_CREAT) inode_lock(dir->d_inode); else inode_lock_shared(dir->d_inode); dentry = lookup_open(nd, file, op, got_write); if (!IS_ERR(dentry) && (file->f_mode & FMODE_CREATED)) fsnotify_create(dir->d_inode, dentry); if (open_flag & O_CREAT) inode_unlock(dir->d_inode); else inode_unlock_shared(dir->d_inode); if (got_write) mnt_drop_write(nd->path.mnt); if (IS_ERR(dentry)) return ERR_CAST(dentry); if (file->f_mode & (FMODE_OPENED | FMODE_CREATED)) { dput(nd->path.dentry); nd->path.dentry = dentry; return NULL; } finish_lookup: if (nd->depth) put_link(nd); res = step_into(nd, WALK_TRAILING, dentry, inode, seq); if (unlikely(res)) nd->flags &= ~(LOOKUP_OPEN|LOOKUP_CREATE|LOOKUP_EXCL); return res; } /* * Handle the last step of open() */ static int do_open(struct nameidata *nd, struct file *file, const struct open_flags *op) { int open_flag = op->open_flag; bool do_truncate; int acc_mode; int error; if (!(file->f_mode & (FMODE_OPENED | FMODE_CREATED))) { error = complete_walk(nd); if (error) return error; } if (!(file->f_mode & FMODE_CREATED)) audit_inode(nd->name, nd->path.dentry, 0); if (open_flag & O_CREAT) { if ((open_flag & O_EXCL) && !(file->f_mode & FMODE_CREATED)) return -EEXIST; if (d_is_dir(nd->path.dentry)) return -EISDIR; error = may_create_in_sticky(nd->dir_mode, nd->dir_uid, d_backing_inode(nd->path.dentry)); if (unlikely(error)) return error; } if ((nd->flags & LOOKUP_DIRECTORY) && !d_can_lookup(nd->path.dentry)) return -ENOTDIR; do_truncate = false; acc_mode = op->acc_mode; if (file->f_mode & FMODE_CREATED) { /* Don't check for write permission, don't truncate */ open_flag &= ~O_TRUNC; acc_mode = 0; } else if (d_is_reg(nd->path.dentry) && open_flag & O_TRUNC) { error = mnt_want_write(nd->path.mnt); if (error) return error; do_truncate = true; } error = may_open(&nd->path, acc_mode, open_flag); if (!error && !(file->f_mode & FMODE_OPENED)) error = vfs_open(&nd->path, file); if (!error) error = ima_file_check(file, op->acc_mode); if (!error && do_truncate) error = handle_truncate(file); if (unlikely(error > 0)) { WARN_ON(1); error = -EINVAL; } if (do_truncate) mnt_drop_write(nd->path.mnt); return error; } struct dentry *vfs_tmpfile(struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode, int open_flag) { struct dentry *child = NULL; struct inode *dir = dentry->d_inode; struct inode *inode; int error; /* we want directory to be writable */ error = inode_permission(dir, MAY_WRITE | MAY_EXEC); if (error) goto out_err; error = -EOPNOTSUPP; if (!dir->i_op->tmpfile) goto out_err; error = -ENOMEM; child = d_alloc(dentry, &slash_name); if (unlikely(!child)) goto out_err; error = dir->i_op->tmpfile(dir, child, mode); if (error) goto out_err; error = -ENOENT; inode = child->d_inode; if (unlikely(!inode)) goto out_err; if (!(open_flag & O_EXCL)) { spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); inode->i_state |= I_LINKABLE; spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } ima_post_create_tmpfile(inode); return child; out_err: dput(child); return ERR_PTR(error); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_tmpfile); static int do_tmpfile(struct nameidata *nd, unsigned flags, const struct open_flags *op, struct file *file) { struct dentry *child; struct path path; int error = path_lookupat(nd, flags | LOOKUP_DIRECTORY, &path); if (unlikely(error)) return error; error = mnt_want_write(path.mnt); if (unlikely(error)) goto out; child = vfs_tmpfile(path.dentry, op->mode, op->open_flag); error = PTR_ERR(child); if (IS_ERR(child)) goto out2; dput(path.dentry); path.dentry = child; audit_inode(nd->name, child, 0); /* Don't check for other permissions, the inode was just created */ error = may_open(&path, 0, op->open_flag); if (error) goto out2; file->f_path.mnt = path.mnt; error = finish_open(file, child, NULL); out2: mnt_drop_write(path.mnt); out: path_put(&path); return error; } static int do_o_path(struct nameidata *nd, unsigned flags, struct file *file) { struct path path; int error = path_lookupat(nd, flags, &path); if (!error) { audit_inode(nd->name, path.dentry, 0); error = vfs_open(&path, file); path_put(&path); } return error; } static struct file *path_openat(struct nameidata *nd, const struct open_flags *op, unsigned flags) { struct file *file; int error; file = alloc_empty_file(op->open_flag, current_cred()); if (IS_ERR(file)) return file; if (unlikely(file->f_flags & __O_TMPFILE)) { error = do_tmpfile(nd, flags, op, file); } else if (unlikely(file->f_flags & O_PATH)) { error = do_o_path(nd, flags, file); } else { const char *s = path_init(nd, flags); while (!(error = link_path_walk(s, nd)) && (s = open_last_lookups(nd, file, op)) != NULL) ; if (!error) error = do_open(nd, file, op); terminate_walk(nd); } if (likely(!error)) { if (likely(file->f_mode & FMODE_OPENED)) return file; WARN_ON(1); error = -EINVAL; } fput(file); if (error == -EOPENSTALE) { if (flags & LOOKUP_RCU) error = -ECHILD; else error = -ESTALE; } return ERR_PTR(error); } struct file *do_filp_open(int dfd, struct filename *pathname, const struct open_flags *op) { struct nameidata nd; int flags = op->lookup_flags; struct file *filp; set_nameidata(&nd, dfd, pathname); filp = path_openat(&nd, op, flags | LOOKUP_RCU); if (unlikely(filp == ERR_PTR(-ECHILD))) filp = path_openat(&nd, op, flags); if (unlikely(filp == ERR_PTR(-ESTALE))) filp = path_openat(&nd, op, flags | LOOKUP_REVAL); restore_nameidata(); return filp; } struct file *do_file_open_root(struct dentry *dentry, struct vfsmount *mnt, const char *name, const struct open_flags *op) { struct nameidata nd; struct file *file; struct filename *filename; int flags = op->lookup_flags | LOOKUP_ROOT; nd.root.mnt = mnt; nd.root.dentry = dentry; if (d_is_symlink(dentry) && op->intent & LOOKUP_OPEN) return ERR_PTR(-ELOOP); filename = getname_kernel(name); if (IS_ERR(filename)) return ERR_CAST(filename); set_nameidata(&nd, -1, filename); file = path_openat(&nd, op, flags | LOOKUP_RCU); if (unlikely(file == ERR_PTR(-ECHILD))) file = path_openat(&nd, op, flags); if (unlikely(file == ERR_PTR(-ESTALE))) file = path_openat(&nd, op, flags | LOOKUP_REVAL); restore_nameidata(); putname(filename); return file; } static struct dentry *filename_create(int dfd, struct filename *name, struct path *path, unsigned int lookup_flags) { struct dentry *dentry = ERR_PTR(-EEXIST); struct qstr last; int type; int err2; int error; bool is_dir = (lookup_flags & LOOKUP_DIRECTORY); /* * Note that only LOOKUP_REVAL and LOOKUP_DIRECTORY matter here. Any * other flags passed in are ignored! */ lookup_flags &= LOOKUP_REVAL; name = filename_parentat(dfd, name, lookup_flags, path, &last, &type); if (IS_ERR(name)) return ERR_CAST(name); /* * Yucky last component or no last component at all? * (foo/., foo/.., /////) */ if (unlikely(type != LAST_NORM)) goto out; /* don't fail immediately if it's r/o, at least try to report other errors */ err2 = mnt_want_write(path->mnt); /* * Do the final lookup. */ lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_CREATE | LOOKUP_EXCL; inode_lock_nested(path->dentry->d_inode, I_MUTEX_PARENT); dentry = __lookup_hash(&last, path->dentry, lookup_flags); if (IS_ERR(dentry)) goto unlock; error = -EEXIST; if (d_is_positive(dentry)) goto fail; /* * Special case - lookup gave negative, but... we had foo/bar/ * From the vfs_mknod() POV we just have a negative dentry - * all is fine. Let's be bastards - you had / on the end, you've * been asking for (non-existent) directory. -ENOENT for you. */ if (unlikely(!is_dir && last.name[last.len])) { error = -ENOENT; goto fail; } if (unlikely(err2)) { error = err2; goto fail; } putname(name); return dentry; fail: dput(dentry); dentry = ERR_PTR(error); unlock: inode_unlock(path->dentry->d_inode); if (!err2) mnt_drop_write(path->mnt); out: path_put(path); putname(name); return dentry; } struct dentry *kern_path_create(int dfd, const char *pathname, struct path *path, unsigned int lookup_flags) { return filename_create(dfd, getname_kernel(pathname), path, lookup_flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kern_path_create); void done_path_create(struct path *path, struct dentry *dentry) { dput(dentry); inode_unlock(path->dentry->d_inode); mnt_drop_write(path->mnt); path_put(path); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(done_path_create); inline struct dentry *user_path_create(int dfd, const char __user *pathname, struct path *path, unsigned int lookup_flags) { return filename_create(dfd, getname(pathname), path, lookup_flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(user_path_create); int vfs_mknod(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode, dev_t dev) { bool is_whiteout = S_ISCHR(mode) && dev == WHITEOUT_DEV; int error = may_create(dir, dentry); if (error) return error; if ((S_ISCHR(mode) || S_ISBLK(mode)) && !is_whiteout && !capable(CAP_MKNOD)) return -EPERM; if (!dir->i_op->mknod) return -EPERM; error = devcgroup_inode_mknod(mode, dev); if (error) return error; error = security_inode_mknod(dir, dentry, mode, dev); if (error) return error; error = dir->i_op->mknod(dir, dentry, mode, dev); if (!error) fsnotify_create(dir, dentry); return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_mknod); static int may_mknod(umode_t mode) { switch (mode & S_IFMT) { case S_IFREG: case S_IFCHR: case S_IFBLK: case S_IFIFO: case S_IFSOCK: case 0: /* zero mode translates to S_IFREG */ return 0; case S_IFDIR: return -EPERM; default: return -EINVAL; } } static long do_mknodat(int dfd, const char __user *filename, umode_t mode, unsigned int dev) { struct dentry *dentry; struct path path; int error; unsigned int lookup_flags = 0; error = may_mknod(mode); if (error) return error; retry: dentry = user_path_create(dfd, filename, &path, lookup_flags); if (IS_ERR(dentry)) return PTR_ERR(dentry); if (!IS_POSIXACL(path.dentry->d_inode)) mode &= ~current_umask(); error = security_path_mknod(&path, dentry, mode, dev); if (error) goto out; switch (mode & S_IFMT) { case 0: case S_IFREG: error = vfs_create(path.dentry->d_inode,dentry,mode,true); if (!error) ima_post_path_mknod(dentry); break; case S_IFCHR: case S_IFBLK: error = vfs_mknod(path.dentry->d_inode,dentry,mode, new_decode_dev(dev)); break; case S_IFIFO: case S_IFSOCK: error = vfs_mknod(path.dentry->d_inode,dentry,mode,0); break; } out: done_path_create(&path, dentry); if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE4(mknodat, int, dfd, const char __user *, filename, umode_t, mode, unsigned int, dev) { return do_mknodat(dfd, filename, mode, dev); } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(mknod, const char __user *, filename, umode_t, mode, unsigned, dev) { return do_mknodat(AT_FDCWD, filename, mode, dev); } int vfs_mkdir(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode) { int error = may_create(dir, dentry); unsigned max_links = dir->i_sb->s_max_links; if (error) return error; if (!dir->i_op->mkdir) return -EPERM; mode &= (S_IRWXUGO|S_ISVTX); error = security_inode_mkdir(dir, dentry, mode); if (error) return error; if (max_links && dir->i_nlink >= max_links) return -EMLINK; error = dir->i_op->mkdir(dir, dentry, mode); if (!error) fsnotify_mkdir(dir, dentry); return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_mkdir); static long do_mkdirat(int dfd, const char __user *pathname, umode_t mode) { struct dentry *dentry; struct path path; int error; unsigned int lookup_flags = LOOKUP_DIRECTORY; retry: dentry = user_path_create(dfd, pathname, &path, lookup_flags); if (IS_ERR(dentry)) return PTR_ERR(dentry); if (!IS_POSIXACL(path.dentry->d_inode)) mode &= ~current_umask(); error = security_path_mkdir(&path, dentry, mode); if (!error) error = vfs_mkdir(path.dentry->d_inode, dentry, mode); done_path_create(&path, dentry); if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(mkdirat, int, dfd, const char __user *, pathname, umode_t, mode) { return do_mkdirat(dfd, pathname, mode); } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(mkdir, const char __user *, pathname, umode_t, mode) { return do_mkdirat(AT_FDCWD, pathname, mode); } int vfs_rmdir(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry) { int error = may_delete(dir, dentry, 1); if (error) return error; if (!dir->i_op->rmdir) return -EPERM; dget(dentry); inode_lock(dentry->d_inode); error = -EBUSY; if (is_local_mountpoint(dentry)) goto out; error = security_inode_rmdir(dir, dentry); if (error) goto out; error = dir->i_op->rmdir(dir, dentry); if (error) goto out; shrink_dcache_parent(dentry); dentry->d_inode->i_flags |= S_DEAD; dont_mount(dentry); detach_mounts(dentry); fsnotify_rmdir(dir, dentry); out: inode_unlock(dentry->d_inode); dput(dentry); if (!error) d_delete(dentry); return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_rmdir); long do_rmdir(int dfd, struct filename *name) { int error = 0; struct dentry *dentry; struct path path; struct qstr last; int type; unsigned int lookup_flags = 0; retry: name = filename_parentat(dfd, name, lookup_flags, &path, &last, &type); if (IS_ERR(name)) return PTR_ERR(name); switch (type) { case LAST_DOTDOT: error = -ENOTEMPTY; goto exit1; case LAST_DOT: error = -EINVAL; goto exit1; case LAST_ROOT: error = -EBUSY; goto exit1; } error = mnt_want_write(path.mnt); if (error) goto exit1; inode_lock_nested(path.dentry->d_inode, I_MUTEX_PARENT); dentry = __lookup_hash(&last, path.dentry, lookup_flags); error = PTR_ERR(dentry); if (IS_ERR(dentry)) goto exit2; if (!dentry->d_inode) { error = -ENOENT; goto exit3; } error = security_path_rmdir(&path, dentry); if (error) goto exit3; error = vfs_rmdir(path.dentry->d_inode, dentry); exit3: dput(dentry); exit2: inode_unlock(path.dentry->d_inode); mnt_drop_write(path.mnt); exit1: path_put(&path); if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } putname(name); return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE1(rmdir, const char __user *, pathname) { return do_rmdir(AT_FDCWD, getname(pathname)); } /** * vfs_unlink - unlink a filesystem object * @dir: parent directory * @dentry: victim * @delegated_inode: returns victim inode, if the inode is delegated. * * The caller must hold dir->i_mutex. * * If vfs_unlink discovers a delegation, it will return -EWOULDBLOCK and * return a reference to the inode in delegated_inode. The caller * should then break the delegation on that inode and retry. Because * breaking a delegation may take a long time, the caller should drop * dir->i_mutex before doing so. * * Alternatively, a caller may pass NULL for delegated_inode. This may * be appropriate for callers that expect the underlying filesystem not * to be NFS exported. */ int vfs_unlink(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, struct inode **delegated_inode) { struct inode *target = dentry->d_inode; int error = may_delete(dir, dentry, 0); if (error) return error; if (!dir->i_op->unlink) return -EPERM; inode_lock(target); if (is_local_mountpoint(dentry)) error = -EBUSY; else { error = security_inode_unlink(dir, dentry); if (!error) { error = try_break_deleg(target, delegated_inode); if (error) goto out; error = dir->i_op->unlink(dir, dentry); if (!error) { dont_mount(dentry); detach_mounts(dentry); fsnotify_unlink(dir, dentry); } } } out: inode_unlock(target); /* We don't d_delete() NFS sillyrenamed files--they still exist. */ if (!error && !(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_NFSFS_RENAMED)) { fsnotify_link_count(target); d_delete(dentry); } return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_unlink); /* * Make sure that the actual truncation of the file will occur outside its * directory's i_mutex. Truncate can take a long time if there is a lot of * writeout happening, and we don't want to prevent access to the directory * while waiting on the I/O. */ long do_unlinkat(int dfd, struct filename *name) { int error; struct dentry *dentry; struct path path; struct qstr last; int type; struct inode *inode = NULL; struct inode *delegated_inode = NULL; unsigned int lookup_flags = 0; retry: name = filename_parentat(dfd, name, lookup_flags, &path, &last, &type); if (IS_ERR(name)) return PTR_ERR(name); error = -EISDIR; if (type != LAST_NORM) goto exit1; error = mnt_want_write(path.mnt); if (error) goto exit1; retry_deleg: inode_lock_nested(path.dentry->d_inode, I_MUTEX_PARENT); dentry = __lookup_hash(&last, path.dentry, lookup_flags); error = PTR_ERR(dentry); if (!IS_ERR(dentry)) { /* Why not before? Because we want correct error value */ if (last.name[last.len]) goto slashes; inode = dentry->d_inode; if (d_is_negative(dentry)) goto slashes; ihold(inode); error = security_path_unlink(&path, dentry); if (error) goto exit2; error = vfs_unlink(path.dentry->d_inode, dentry, &delegated_inode); exit2: dput(dentry); } inode_unlock(path.dentry->d_inode); if (inode) iput(inode); /* truncate the inode here */ inode = NULL; if (delegated_inode) { error = break_deleg_wait(&delegated_inode); if (!error) goto retry_deleg; } mnt_drop_write(path.mnt); exit1: path_put(&path); if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; inode = NULL; goto retry; } putname(name); return error; slashes: if (d_is_negative(dentry)) error = -ENOENT; else if (d_is_dir(dentry)) error = -EISDIR; else error = -ENOTDIR; goto exit2; } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(unlinkat, int, dfd, const char __user *, pathname, int, flag) { if ((flag & ~AT_REMOVEDIR) != 0) return -EINVAL; if (flag & AT_REMOVEDIR) return do_rmdir(dfd, getname(pathname)); return do_unlinkat(dfd, getname(pathname)); } SYSCALL_DEFINE1(unlink, const char __user *, pathname) { return do_unlinkat(AT_FDCWD, getname(pathname)); } int vfs_symlink(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, const char *oldname) { int error = may_create(dir, dentry); if (error) return error; if (!dir->i_op->symlink) return -EPERM; error = security_inode_symlink(dir, dentry, oldname); if (error) return error; error = dir->i_op->symlink(dir, dentry, oldname); if (!error) fsnotify_create(dir, dentry); return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_symlink); static long do_symlinkat(const char __user *oldname, int newdfd, const char __user *newname) { int error; struct filename *from; struct dentry *dentry; struct path path; unsigned int lookup_flags = 0; from = getname(oldname); if (IS_ERR(from)) return PTR_ERR(from); retry: dentry = user_path_create(newdfd, newname, &path, lookup_flags); error = PTR_ERR(dentry); if (IS_ERR(dentry)) goto out_putname; error = security_path_symlink(&path, dentry, from->name); if (!error) error = vfs_symlink(path.dentry->d_inode, dentry, from->name); done_path_create(&path, dentry); if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } out_putname: putname(from); return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(symlinkat, const char __user *, oldname, int, newdfd, const char __user *, newname) { return do_symlinkat(oldname, newdfd, newname); } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(symlink, const char __user *, oldname, const char __user *, newname) { return do_symlinkat(oldname, AT_FDCWD, newname); } /** * vfs_link - create a new link * @old_dentry: object to be linked * @dir: new parent * @new_dentry: where to create the new link * @delegated_inode: returns inode needing a delegation break * * The caller must hold dir->i_mutex * * If vfs_link discovers a delegation on the to-be-linked file in need * of breaking, it will return -EWOULDBLOCK and return a reference to the * inode in delegated_inode. The caller should then break the delegation * and retry. Because breaking a delegation may take a long time, the * caller should drop the i_mutex before doing so. * * Alternatively, a caller may pass NULL for delegated_inode. This may * be appropriate for callers that expect the underlying filesystem not * to be NFS exported. */ int vfs_link(struct dentry *old_dentry, struct inode *dir, struct dentry *new_dentry, struct inode **delegated_inode) { struct inode *inode = old_dentry->d_inode; unsigned max_links = dir->i_sb->s_max_links; int error; if (!inode) return -ENOENT; error = may_create(dir, new_dentry); if (error) return error; if (dir->i_sb != inode->i_sb) return -EXDEV; /* * A link to an append-only or immutable file cannot be created. */ if (IS_APPEND(inode) || IS_IMMUTABLE(inode)) return -EPERM; /* * Updating the link count will likely cause i_uid and i_gid to * be writen back improperly if their true value is unknown to * the vfs. */ if (HAS_UNMAPPED_ID(inode)) return -EPERM; if (!dir->i_op->link) return -EPERM; if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) return -EPERM; error = security_inode_link(old_dentry, dir, new_dentry); if (error) return error; inode_lock(inode); /* Make sure we don't allow creating hardlink to an unlinked file */ if (inode->i_nlink == 0 && !(inode->i_state & I_LINKABLE)) error = -ENOENT; else if (max_links && inode->i_nlink >= max_links) error = -EMLINK; else { error = try_break_deleg(inode, delegated_inode); if (!error) error = dir->i_op->link(old_dentry, dir, new_dentry); } if (!error && (inode->i_state & I_LINKABLE)) { spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); inode->i_state &= ~I_LINKABLE; spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } inode_unlock(inode); if (!error) fsnotify_link(dir, inode, new_dentry); return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_link); /* * Hardlinks are often used in delicate situations. We avoid * security-related surprises by not following symlinks on the * newname. --KAB * * We don't follow them on the oldname either to be compatible * with linux 2.0, and to avoid hard-linking to directories * and other special files. --ADM */ static int do_linkat(int olddfd, const char __user *oldname, int newdfd, const char __user *newname, int flags) { struct dentry *new_dentry; struct path old_path, new_path; struct inode *delegated_inode = NULL; int how = 0; int error; if ((flags & ~(AT_SYMLINK_FOLLOW | AT_EMPTY_PATH)) != 0) return -EINVAL; /* * To use null names we require CAP_DAC_READ_SEARCH * This ensures that not everyone will be able to create * handlink using the passed filedescriptor. */ if (flags & AT_EMPTY_PATH) { if (!capable(CAP_DAC_READ_SEARCH)) return -ENOENT; how = LOOKUP_EMPTY; } if (flags & AT_SYMLINK_FOLLOW) how |= LOOKUP_FOLLOW; retry: error = user_path_at(olddfd, oldname, how, &old_path); if (error) return error; new_dentry = user_path_create(newdfd, newname, &new_path, (how & LOOKUP_REVAL)); error = PTR_ERR(new_dentry); if (IS_ERR(new_dentry)) goto out; error = -EXDEV; if (old_path.mnt != new_path.mnt) goto out_dput; error = may_linkat(&old_path); if (unlikely(error)) goto out_dput; error = security_path_link(old_path.dentry, &new_path, new_dentry); if (error) goto out_dput; error = vfs_link(old_path.dentry, new_path.dentry->d_inode, new_dentry, &delegated_inode); out_dput: done_path_create(&new_path, new_dentry); if (delegated_inode) { error = break_deleg_wait(&delegated_inode); if (!error) { path_put(&old_path); goto retry; } } if (retry_estale(error, how)) { path_put(&old_path); how |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } out: path_put(&old_path); return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE5(linkat, int, olddfd, const char __user *, oldname, int, newdfd, const char __user *, newname, int, flags) { return do_linkat(olddfd, oldname, newdfd, newname, flags); } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(link, const char __user *, oldname, const char __user *, newname) { return do_linkat(AT_FDCWD, oldname, AT_FDCWD, newname, 0); } /** * vfs_rename - rename a filesystem object * @old_dir: parent of source * @old_dentry: source * @new_dir: parent of destination * @new_dentry: destination * @delegated_inode: returns an inode needing a delegation break * @flags: rename flags * * The caller must hold multiple mutexes--see lock_rename()). * * If vfs_rename discovers a delegation in need of breaking at either * the source or destination, it will return -EWOULDBLOCK and return a * reference to the inode in delegated_inode. The caller should then * break the delegation and retry. Because breaking a delegation may * take a long time, the caller should drop all locks before doing * so. * * Alternatively, a caller may pass NULL for delegated_inode. This may * be appropriate for callers that expect the underlying filesystem not * to be NFS exported. * * The worst of all namespace operations - renaming directory. "Perverted" * doesn't even start to describe it. Somebody in UCB had a heck of a trip... * Problems: * * a) we can get into loop creation. * b) race potential - two innocent renames can create a loop together. * That's where 4.4 screws up. Current fix: serialization on * sb->s_vfs_rename_mutex. We might be more accurate, but that's another * story. * c) we have to lock _four_ objects - parents and victim (if it exists), * and source (if it is not a directory). * And that - after we got ->i_mutex on parents (until then we don't know * whether the target exists). Solution: try to be smart with locking * order for inodes. We rely on the fact that tree topology may change * only under ->s_vfs_rename_mutex _and_ that parent of the object we * move will be locked. Thus we can rank directories by the tree * (ancestors first) and rank all non-directories after them. * That works since everybody except rename does "lock parent, lookup, * lock child" and rename is under ->s_vfs_rename_mutex. * HOWEVER, it relies on the assumption that any object with ->lookup() * has no more than 1 dentry. If "hybrid" objects will ever appear, * we'd better make sure that there's no link(2) for them. * d) conversion from fhandle to dentry may come in the wrong moment - when * we are removing the target. Solution: we will have to grab ->i_mutex * in the fhandle_to_dentry code. [FIXME - current nfsfh.c relies on * ->i_mutex on parents, which works but leads to some truly excessive * locking]. */ int vfs_rename(struct inode *old_dir, struct dentry *old_dentry, struct inode *new_dir, struct dentry *new_dentry, struct inode **delegated_inode, unsigned int flags) { int error; bool is_dir = d_is_dir(old_dentry); struct inode *source = old_dentry->d_inode; struct inode *target = new_dentry->d_inode; bool new_is_dir = false; unsigned max_links = new_dir->i_sb->s_max_links; struct name_snapshot old_name; if (source == target) return 0; error = may_delete(old_dir, old_dentry, is_dir); if (error) return error; if (!target) { error = may_create(new_dir, new_dentry); } else { new_is_dir = d_is_dir(new_dentry); if (!(flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE)) error = may_delete(new_dir, new_dentry, is_dir); else error = may_delete(new_dir, new_dentry, new_is_dir); } if (error) return error; if (!old_dir->i_op->rename) return -EPERM; /* * If we are going to change the parent - check write permissions, * we'll need to flip '..'. */ if (new_dir != old_dir) { if (is_dir) { error = inode_permission(source, MAY_WRITE); if (error) return error; } if ((flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE) && new_is_dir) { error = inode_permission(target, MAY_WRITE); if (error) return error; } } error = security_inode_rename(old_dir, old_dentry, new_dir, new_dentry, flags); if (error) return error; take_dentry_name_snapshot(&old_name, old_dentry); dget(new_dentry); if (!is_dir || (flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE)) lock_two_nondirectories(source, target); else if (target) inode_lock(target); error = -EBUSY; if (is_local_mountpoint(old_dentry) || is_local_mountpoint(new_dentry)) goto out; if (max_links && new_dir != old_dir) { error = -EMLINK; if (is_dir && !new_is_dir && new_dir->i_nlink >= max_links) goto out; if ((flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE) && !is_dir && new_is_dir && old_dir->i_nlink >= max_links) goto out; } if (!is_dir) { error = try_break_deleg(source, delegated_inode); if (error) goto out; } if (target && !new_is_dir) { error = try_break_deleg(target, delegated_inode); if (error) goto out; } error = old_dir->i_op->rename(old_dir, old_dentry, new_dir, new_dentry, flags); if (error) goto out; if (!(flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE) && target) { if (is_dir) { shrink_dcache_parent(new_dentry); target->i_flags |= S_DEAD; } dont_mount(new_dentry); detach_mounts(new_dentry); } if (!(old_dir->i_sb->s_type->fs_flags & FS_RENAME_DOES_D_MOVE)) { if (!(flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE)) d_move(old_dentry, new_dentry); else d_exchange(old_dentry, new_dentry); } out: if (!is_dir || (flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE)) unlock_two_nondirectories(source, target); else if (target) inode_unlock(target); dput(new_dentry); if (!error) { fsnotify_move(old_dir, new_dir, &old_name.name, is_dir, !(flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE) ? target : NULL, old_dentry); if (flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE) { fsnotify_move(new_dir, old_dir, &old_dentry->d_name, new_is_dir, NULL, new_dentry); } } release_dentry_name_snapshot(&old_name); return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_rename); static int do_renameat2(int olddfd, const char __user *oldname, int newdfd, const char __user *newname, unsigned int flags) { struct dentry *old_dentry, *new_dentry; struct dentry *trap; struct path old_path, new_path; struct qstr old_last, new_last; int old_type, new_type; struct inode *delegated_inode = NULL; struct filename *from; struct filename *to; unsigned int lookup_flags = 0, target_flags = LOOKUP_RENAME_TARGET; bool should_retry = false; int error; if (flags & ~(RENAME_NOREPLACE | RENAME_EXCHANGE | RENAME_WHITEOUT)) return -EINVAL; if ((flags & (RENAME_NOREPLACE | RENAME_WHITEOUT)) && (flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE)) return -EINVAL; if (flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE) target_flags = 0; retry: from = filename_parentat(olddfd, getname(oldname), lookup_flags, &old_path, &old_last, &old_type); if (IS_ERR(from)) { error = PTR_ERR(from); goto exit; } to = filename_parentat(newdfd, getname(newname), lookup_flags, &new_path, &new_last, &new_type); if (IS_ERR(to)) { error = PTR_ERR(to); goto exit1; } error = -EXDEV; if (old_path.mnt != new_path.mnt) goto exit2; error = -EBUSY; if (old_type != LAST_NORM) goto exit2; if (flags & RENAME_NOREPLACE) error = -EEXIST; if (new_type != LAST_NORM) goto exit2; error = mnt_want_write(old_path.mnt); if (error) goto exit2; retry_deleg: trap = lock_rename(new_path.dentry, old_path.dentry); old_dentry = __lookup_hash(&old_last, old_path.dentry, lookup_flags); error = PTR_ERR(old_dentry); if (IS_ERR(old_dentry)) goto exit3; /* source must exist */ error = -ENOENT; if (d_is_negative(old_dentry)) goto exit4; new_dentry = __lookup_hash(&new_last, new_path.dentry, lookup_flags | target_flags); error = PTR_ERR(new_dentry); if (IS_ERR(new_dentry)) goto exit4; error = -EEXIST; if ((flags & RENAME_NOREPLACE) && d_is_positive(new_dentry)) goto exit5; if (flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE) { error = -ENOENT; if (d_is_negative(new_dentry)) goto exit5; if (!d_is_dir(new_dentry)) { error = -ENOTDIR; if (new_last.name[new_last.len]) goto exit5; } } /* unless the source is a directory trailing slashes give -ENOTDIR */ if (!d_is_dir(old_dentry)) { error = -ENOTDIR; if (old_last.name[old_last.len]) goto exit5; if (!(flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE) && new_last.name[new_last.len]) goto exit5; } /* source should not be ancestor of target */ error = -EINVAL; if (old_dentry == trap) goto exit5; /* target should not be an ancestor of source */ if (!(flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE)) error = -ENOTEMPTY; if (new_dentry == trap) goto exit5; error = security_path_rename(&old_path, old_dentry, &new_path, new_dentry, flags); if (error) goto exit5; error = vfs_rename(old_path.dentry->d_inode, old_dentry, new_path.dentry->d_inode, new_dentry, &delegated_inode, flags); exit5: dput(new_dentry); exit4: dput(old_dentry); exit3: unlock_rename(new_path.dentry, old_path.dentry); if (delegated_inode) { error = break_deleg_wait(&delegated_inode); if (!error) goto retry_deleg; } mnt_drop_write(old_path.mnt); exit2: if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) should_retry = true; path_put(&new_path); putname(to); exit1: path_put(&old_path); putname(from); if (should_retry) { should_retry = false; lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } exit: return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE5(renameat2, int, olddfd, const char __user *, oldname, int, newdfd, const char __user *, newname, unsigned int, flags) { return do_renameat2(olddfd, oldname, newdfd, newname, flags); } SYSCALL_DEFINE4(renameat, int, olddfd, const char __user *, oldname, int, newdfd, const char __user *, newname) { return do_renameat2(olddfd, oldname, newdfd, newname, 0); } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(rename, const char __user *, oldname, const char __user *, newname) { return do_renameat2(AT_FDCWD, oldname, AT_FDCWD, newname, 0); } int readlink_copy(char __user *buffer, int buflen, const char *link) { int len = PTR_ERR(link); if (IS_ERR(link)) goto out; len = strlen(link); if (len > (unsigned) buflen) len = buflen; if (copy_to_user(buffer, link, len)) len = -EFAULT; out: return len; } /** * vfs_readlink - copy symlink body into userspace buffer * @dentry: dentry on which to get symbolic link * @buffer: user memory pointer * @buflen: size of buffer * * Does not touch atime. That's up to the caller if necessary * * Does not call security hook. */ int vfs_readlink(struct dentry *dentry, char __user *buffer, int buflen) { struct inode *inode = d_inode(dentry); DEFINE_DELAYED_CALL(done); const char *link; int res; if (unlikely(!(inode->i_opflags & IOP_DEFAULT_READLINK))) { if (unlikely(inode->i_op->readlink)) return inode->i_op->readlink(dentry, buffer, buflen); if (!d_is_symlink(dentry)) return -EINVAL; spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); inode->i_opflags |= IOP_DEFAULT_READLINK; spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } link = READ_ONCE(inode->i_link); if (!link) { link = inode->i_op->get_link(dentry, inode, &done); if (IS_ERR(link)) return PTR_ERR(link); } res = readlink_copy(buffer, buflen, link); do_delayed_call(&done); return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_readlink); /** * vfs_get_link - get symlink body * @dentry: dentry on which to get symbolic link * @done: caller needs to free returned data with this * * Calls security hook and i_op->get_link() on the supplied inode. * * It does not touch atime. That's up to the caller if necessary. * * Does not work on "special" symlinks like /proc/$$/fd/N */ const char *vfs_get_link(struct dentry *dentry, struct delayed_call *done) { const char *res = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); struct inode *inode = d_inode(dentry); if (d_is_symlink(dentry)) { res = ERR_PTR(security_inode_readlink(dentry)); if (!res) res = inode->i_op->get_link(dentry, inode, done); } return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_get_link); /* get the link contents into pagecache */ const char *page_get_link(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode, struct delayed_call *callback) { char *kaddr; struct page *page; struct address_space *mapping = inode->i_mapping; if (!dentry) { page = find_get_page(mapping, 0); if (!page) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); if (!PageUptodate(page)) { put_page(page); return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); } } else { page = read_mapping_page(mapping, 0, NULL); if (IS_ERR(page)) return (char*)page; } set_delayed_call(callback, page_put_link, page); BUG_ON(mapping_gfp_mask(mapping) & __GFP_HIGHMEM); kaddr = page_address(page); nd_terminate_link(kaddr, inode->i_size, PAGE_SIZE - 1); return kaddr; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(page_get_link); void page_put_link(void *arg) { put_page(arg); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(page_put_link); int page_readlink(struct dentry *dentry, char __user *buffer, int buflen) { DEFINE_DELAYED_CALL(done); int res = readlink_copy(buffer, buflen, page_get_link(dentry, d_inode(dentry), &done)); do_delayed_call(&done); return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(page_readlink); /* * The nofs argument instructs pagecache_write_begin to pass AOP_FLAG_NOFS */ int __page_symlink(struct inode *inode, const char *symname, int len, int nofs) { struct address_space *mapping = inode->i_mapping; struct page *page; void *fsdata; int err; unsigned int flags = 0; if (nofs) flags |= AOP_FLAG_NOFS; retry: err = pagecache_write_begin(NULL, mapping, 0, len-1, flags, &page, &fsdata); if (err) goto fail; memcpy(page_address(page), symname, len-1); err = pagecache_write_end(NULL, mapping, 0, len-1, len-1, page, fsdata); if (err < 0) goto fail; if (err < len-1) goto retry; mark_inode_dirty(inode); return 0; fail: return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__page_symlink); int page_symlink(struct inode *inode, const char *symname, int len) { return __page_symlink(inode, symname, len, !mapping_gfp_constraint(inode->i_mapping, __GFP_FS)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(page_symlink); const struct inode_operations page_symlink_inode_operations = { .get_link = page_get_link, }; EXPORT_SYMBOL(page_symlink_inode_operations);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _KERNEL_EVENTS_INTERNAL_H #define _KERNEL_EVENTS_INTERNAL_H #include <linux/hardirq.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> /* Buffer handling */ #define RING_BUFFER_WRITABLE 0x01 struct perf_buffer { refcount_t refcount; struct rcu_head rcu_head; #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_USE_VMALLOC struct work_struct work; int page_order; /* allocation order */ #endif int nr_pages; /* nr of data pages */ int overwrite; /* can overwrite itself */ int paused; /* can write into ring buffer */ atomic_t poll; /* POLL_ for wakeups */ local_t head; /* write position */ unsigned int nest; /* nested writers */ local_t events; /* event limit */ local_t wakeup; /* wakeup stamp */ local_t lost; /* nr records lost */ long watermark; /* wakeup watermark */ long aux_watermark; /* poll crap */ spinlock_t event_lock; struct list_head event_list; atomic_t mmap_count; unsigned long mmap_locked; struct user_struct *mmap_user; /* AUX area */ long aux_head; unsigned int aux_nest; long aux_wakeup; /* last aux_watermark boundary crossed by aux_head */ unsigned long aux_pgoff; int aux_nr_pages; int aux_overwrite; atomic_t aux_mmap_count; unsigned long aux_mmap_locked; void (*free_aux)(void *); refcount_t aux_refcount; int aux_in_sampling; void **aux_pages; void *aux_priv; struct perf_event_mmap_page *user_page; void *data_pages[]; }; extern void rb_free(struct perf_buffer *rb); static inline void rb_free_rcu(struct rcu_head *rcu_head) { struct perf_buffer *rb; rb = container_of(rcu_head, struct perf_buffer, rcu_head); rb_free(rb); } static inline void rb_toggle_paused(struct perf_buffer *rb, bool pause) { if (!pause && rb->nr_pages) rb->paused = 0; else rb->paused = 1; } extern struct perf_buffer * rb_alloc(int nr_pages, long watermark, int cpu, int flags); extern void perf_event_wakeup(struct perf_event *event); extern int rb_alloc_aux(struct perf_buffer *rb, struct perf_event *event, pgoff_t pgoff, int nr_pages, long watermark, int flags); extern void rb_free_aux(struct perf_buffer *rb); extern struct perf_buffer *ring_buffer_get(struct perf_event *event); extern void ring_buffer_put(struct perf_buffer *rb); static inline bool rb_has_aux(struct perf_buffer *rb) { return !!rb->aux_nr_pages; } void perf_event_aux_event(struct perf_event *event, unsigned long head, unsigned long size, u64 flags); extern struct page * perf_mmap_to_page(struct perf_buffer *rb, unsigned long pgoff); #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_USE_VMALLOC /* * Back perf_mmap() with vmalloc memory. * * Required for architectures that have d-cache aliasing issues. */ static inline int page_order(struct perf_buffer *rb) { return rb->page_order; } #else static inline int page_order(struct perf_buffer *rb) { return 0; } #endif static inline unsigned long perf_data_size(struct perf_buffer *rb) { return rb->nr_pages << (PAGE_SHIFT + page_order(rb)); } static inline unsigned long perf_aux_size(struct perf_buffer *rb) { return rb->aux_nr_pages << PAGE_SHIFT; } #define __DEFINE_OUTPUT_COPY_BODY(advance_buf, memcpy_func, ...) \ { \ unsigned long size, written; \ \ do { \ size = min(handle->size, len); \ written = memcpy_func(__VA_ARGS__); \ written = size - written; \ \ len -= written; \ handle->addr += written; \ if (advance_buf) \ buf += written; \ handle->size -= written; \ if (!handle->size) { \ struct perf_buffer *rb = handle->rb; \ \ handle->page++; \ handle->page &= rb->nr_pages - 1; \ handle->addr = rb->data_pages[handle->page]; \ handle->size = PAGE_SIZE << page_order(rb); \ } \ } while (len && written == size); \ \ return len; \ } #define DEFINE_OUTPUT_COPY(func_name, memcpy_func) \ static inline unsigned long \ func_name(struct perf_output_handle *handle, \ const void *buf, unsigned long len) \ __DEFINE_OUTPUT_COPY_BODY(true, memcpy_func, handle->addr, buf, size) static inline unsigned long __output_custom(struct perf_output_handle *handle, perf_copy_f copy_func, const void *buf, unsigned long len) { unsigned long orig_len = len; __DEFINE_OUTPUT_COPY_BODY(false, copy_func, handle->addr, buf, orig_len - len, size) } static inline unsigned long memcpy_common(void *dst, const void *src, unsigned long n) { memcpy(dst, src, n); return 0; } DEFINE_OUTPUT_COPY(__output_copy, memcpy_common) static inline unsigned long memcpy_skip(void *dst, const void *src, unsigned long n) { return 0; } DEFINE_OUTPUT_COPY(__output_skip, memcpy_skip) #ifndef arch_perf_out_copy_user #define arch_perf_out_copy_user arch_perf_out_copy_user static inline unsigned long arch_perf_out_copy_user(void *dst, const void *src, unsigned long n) { unsigned long ret; pagefault_disable(); ret = __copy_from_user_inatomic(dst, src, n); pagefault_enable(); return ret; } #endif DEFINE_OUTPUT_COPY(__output_copy_user, arch_perf_out_copy_user) static inline int get_recursion_context(int *recursion) { unsigned int pc = preempt_count(); unsigned char rctx = 0; rctx += !!(pc & (NMI_MASK)); rctx += !!(pc & (NMI_MASK | HARDIRQ_MASK)); rctx += !!(pc & (NMI_MASK | HARDIRQ_MASK | SOFTIRQ_OFFSET)); if (recursion[rctx]) return -1; recursion[rctx]++; barrier(); return rctx; } static inline void put_recursion_context(int *recursion, int rctx) { barrier(); recursion[rctx]--; } #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_PERF_USER_STACK_DUMP static inline bool arch_perf_have_user_stack_dump(void) { return true; } #define perf_user_stack_pointer(regs) user_stack_pointer(regs) #else static inline bool arch_perf_have_user_stack_dump(void) { return false; } #define perf_user_stack_pointer(regs) 0 #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_PERF_USER_STACK_DUMP */ #endif /* _KERNEL_EVENTS_INTERNAL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_PKEYS_H #define _ASM_X86_PKEYS_H #define ARCH_DEFAULT_PKEY 0 /* * If more than 16 keys are ever supported, a thorough audit * will be necessary to ensure that the types that store key * numbers and masks have sufficient capacity. */ #define arch_max_pkey() (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE) ? 16 : 1) extern int arch_set_user_pkey_access(struct task_struct *tsk, int pkey, unsigned long init_val); static inline bool arch_pkeys_enabled(void) { return boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE); } /* * Try to dedicate one of the protection keys to be used as an * execute-only protection key. */ extern int __execute_only_pkey(struct mm_struct *mm); static inline int execute_only_pkey(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) return ARCH_DEFAULT_PKEY; return __execute_only_pkey(mm); } extern int __arch_override_mprotect_pkey(struct vm_area_struct *vma, int prot, int pkey); static inline int arch_override_mprotect_pkey(struct vm_area_struct *vma, int prot, int pkey) { if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) return 0; return __arch_override_mprotect_pkey(vma, prot, pkey); } extern int __arch_set_user_pkey_access(struct task_struct *tsk, int pkey, unsigned long init_val); #define ARCH_VM_PKEY_FLAGS (VM_PKEY_BIT0 | VM_PKEY_BIT1 | VM_PKEY_BIT2 | VM_PKEY_BIT3) #define mm_pkey_allocation_map(mm) (mm->context.pkey_allocation_map) #define mm_set_pkey_allocated(mm, pkey) do { \ mm_pkey_allocation_map(mm) |= (1U << pkey); \ } while (0) #define mm_set_pkey_free(mm, pkey) do { \ mm_pkey_allocation_map(mm) &= ~(1U << pkey); \ } while (0) static inline bool mm_pkey_is_allocated(struct mm_struct *mm, int pkey) { /* * "Allocated" pkeys are those that have been returned * from pkey_alloc() or pkey 0 which is allocated * implicitly when the mm is created. */ if (pkey < 0) return false; if (pkey >= arch_max_pkey()) return false; /* * The exec-only pkey is set in the allocation map, but * is not available to any of the user interfaces like * mprotect_pkey(). */ if (pkey == mm->context.execute_only_pkey) return false; return mm_pkey_allocation_map(mm) & (1U << pkey); } /* * Returns a positive, 4-bit key on success, or -1 on failure. */ static inline int mm_pkey_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm) { /* * Note: this is the one and only place we make sure * that the pkey is valid as far as the hardware is * concerned. The rest of the kernel trusts that * only good, valid pkeys come out of here. */ u16 all_pkeys_mask = ((1U << arch_max_pkey()) - 1); int ret; /* * Are we out of pkeys? We must handle this specially * because ffz() behavior is undefined if there are no * zeros. */ if (mm_pkey_allocation_map(mm) == all_pkeys_mask) return -1; ret = ffz(mm_pkey_allocation_map(mm)); mm_set_pkey_allocated(mm, ret); return ret; } static inline int mm_pkey_free(struct mm_struct *mm, int pkey) { if (!mm_pkey_is_allocated(mm, pkey)) return -EINVAL; mm_set_pkey_free(mm, pkey); return 0; } extern int arch_set_user_pkey_access(struct task_struct *tsk, int pkey, unsigned long init_val); extern int __arch_set_user_pkey_access(struct task_struct *tsk, int pkey, unsigned long init_val); extern void copy_init_pkru_to_fpregs(void); static inline int vma_pkey(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { unsigned long vma_pkey_mask = VM_PKEY_BIT0 | VM_PKEY_BIT1 | VM_PKEY_BIT2 | VM_PKEY_BIT3; return (vma->vm_flags & vma_pkey_mask) >> VM_PKEY_SHIFT; } #endif /*_ASM_X86_PKEYS_H */
1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef BLK_MQ_SCHED_H #define BLK_MQ_SCHED_H #include "blk-mq.h" #include "blk-mq-tag.h" void blk_mq_sched_assign_ioc(struct request *rq); void blk_mq_sched_request_inserted(struct request *rq); bool blk_mq_sched_try_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_segs, struct request **merged_request); bool __blk_mq_sched_bio_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_segs); bool blk_mq_sched_try_insert_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq); void blk_mq_sched_mark_restart_hctx(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx); void blk_mq_sched_restart(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx); void blk_mq_sched_insert_request(struct request *rq, bool at_head, bool run_queue, bool async); void blk_mq_sched_insert_requests(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct blk_mq_ctx *ctx, struct list_head *list, bool run_queue_async); void blk_mq_sched_dispatch_requests(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx); int blk_mq_init_sched(struct request_queue *q, struct elevator_type *e); void blk_mq_exit_sched(struct request_queue *q, struct elevator_queue *e); void blk_mq_sched_free_requests(struct request_queue *q); static inline bool blk_mq_sched_bio_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_segs) { if (blk_queue_nomerges(q) || !bio_mergeable(bio)) return false; return __blk_mq_sched_bio_merge(q, bio, nr_segs); } static inline bool blk_mq_sched_allow_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, struct bio *bio) { struct elevator_queue *e = q->elevator; if (e && e->type->ops.allow_merge) return e->type->ops.allow_merge(q, rq, bio); return true; } static inline void blk_mq_sched_completed_request(struct request *rq, u64 now) { struct elevator_queue *e = rq->q->elevator; if (e && e->type->ops.completed_request) e->type->ops.completed_request(rq, now); } static inline void blk_mq_sched_requeue_request(struct request *rq) { struct request_queue *q = rq->q; struct elevator_queue *e = q->elevator; if ((rq->rq_flags & RQF_ELVPRIV) && e && e->type->ops.requeue_request) e->type->ops.requeue_request(rq); } static inline bool blk_mq_sched_has_work(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx) { struct elevator_queue *e = hctx->queue->elevator; if (e && e->type->ops.has_work) return e->type->ops.has_work(hctx); return false; } static inline bool blk_mq_sched_needs_restart(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx) { return test_bit(BLK_MQ_S_SCHED_RESTART, &hctx->state); } #endif
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949 950 951 952 953 954 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * device.h - generic, centralized driver model * * Copyright (c) 2001-2003 Patrick Mochel <mochel@osdl.org> * Copyright (c) 2004-2009 Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de> * Copyright (c) 2008-2009 Novell Inc. * * See Documentation/driver-api/driver-model/ for more information. */ #ifndef _DEVICE_H_ #define _DEVICE_H_ #include <linux/dev_printk.h> #include <linux/energy_model.h> #include <linux/ioport.h> #include <linux/kobject.h> #include <linux/klist.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/pm.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/overflow.h> #include <linux/device/bus.h> #include <linux/device/class.h> #include <linux/device/driver.h> #include <asm/device.h> struct device; struct device_private; struct device_driver; struct driver_private; struct module; struct class; struct subsys_private; struct device_node; struct fwnode_handle; struct iommu_ops; struct iommu_group; struct dev_pin_info; struct dev_iommu; /** * struct subsys_interface - interfaces to device functions * @name: name of the device function * @subsys: subsytem of the devices to attach to * @node: the list of functions registered at the subsystem * @add_dev: device hookup to device function handler * @remove_dev: device hookup to device function handler * * Simple interfaces attached to a subsystem. Multiple interfaces can * attach to a subsystem and its devices. Unlike drivers, they do not * exclusively claim or control devices. Interfaces usually represent * a specific functionality of a subsystem/class of devices. */ struct subsys_interface { const char *name; struct bus_type *subsys; struct list_head node; int (*add_dev)(struct device *dev, struct subsys_interface *sif); void (*remove_dev)(struct device *dev, struct subsys_interface *sif); }; int subsys_interface_register(struct subsys_interface *sif); void subsys_interface_unregister(struct subsys_interface *sif); int subsys_system_register(struct bus_type *subsys, const struct attribute_group **groups); int subsys_virtual_register(struct bus_type *subsys, const struct attribute_group **groups); /* * The type of device, "struct device" is embedded in. A class * or bus can contain devices of different types * like "partitions" and "disks", "mouse" and "event". * This identifies the device type and carries type-specific * information, equivalent to the kobj_type of a kobject. * If "name" is specified, the uevent will contain it in * the DEVTYPE variable. */ struct device_type { const char *name; const struct attribute_group **groups; int (*uevent)(struct device *dev, struct kobj_uevent_env *env); char *(*devnode)(struct device *dev, umode_t *mode, kuid_t *uid, kgid_t *gid); void (*release)(struct device *dev); const struct dev_pm_ops *pm; }; /* interface for exporting device attributes */ struct device_attribute { struct attribute attr; ssize_t (*show)(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t (*store)(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count); }; struct dev_ext_attribute { struct device_attribute attr; void *var; }; ssize_t device_show_ulong(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t device_store_ulong(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count); ssize_t device_show_int(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t device_store_int(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count); ssize_t device_show_bool(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t device_store_bool(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count); #define DEVICE_ATTR(_name, _mode, _show, _store) \ struct device_attribute dev_attr_##_name = __ATTR(_name, _mode, _show, _store) #define DEVICE_ATTR_PREALLOC(_name, _mode, _show, _store) \ struct device_attribute dev_attr_##_name = \ __ATTR_PREALLOC(_name, _mode, _show, _store) #define DEVICE_ATTR_RW(_name) \ struct device_attribute dev_attr_##_name = __ATTR_RW(_name) #define DEVICE_ATTR_ADMIN_RW(_name) \ struct device_attribute dev_attr_##_name = __ATTR_RW_MODE(_name, 0600) #define DEVICE_ATTR_RO(_name) \ struct device_attribute dev_attr_##_name = __ATTR_RO(_name) #define DEVICE_ATTR_ADMIN_RO(_name) \ struct device_attribute dev_attr_##_name = __ATTR_RO_MODE(_name, 0400) #define DEVICE_ATTR_WO(_name) \ struct device_attribute dev_attr_##_name = __ATTR_WO(_name) #define DEVICE_ULONG_ATTR(_name, _mode, _var) \ struct dev_ext_attribute dev_attr_##_name = \ { __ATTR(_name, _mode, device_show_ulong, device_store_ulong), &(_var) } #define DEVICE_INT_ATTR(_name, _mode, _var) \ struct dev_ext_attribute dev_attr_##_name = \ { __ATTR(_name, _mode, device_show_int, device_store_int), &(_var) } #define DEVICE_BOOL_ATTR(_name, _mode, _var) \ struct dev_ext_attribute dev_attr_##_name = \ { __ATTR(_name, _mode, device_show_bool, device_store_bool), &(_var) } #define DEVICE_ATTR_IGNORE_LOCKDEP(_name, _mode, _show, _store) \ struct device_attribute dev_attr_##_name = \ __ATTR_IGNORE_LOCKDEP(_name, _mode, _show, _store) int device_create_file(struct device *device, const struct device_attribute *entry); void device_remove_file(struct device *dev, const struct device_attribute *attr); bool device_remove_file_self(struct device *dev, const struct device_attribute *attr); int __must_check device_create_bin_file(struct device *dev, const struct bin_attribute *attr); void device_remove_bin_file(struct device *dev, const struct bin_attribute *attr); /* device resource management */ typedef void (*dr_release_t)(struct device *dev, void *res); typedef int (*dr_match_t)(struct device *dev, void *res, void *match_data); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_DEVRES void *__devres_alloc_node(dr_release_t release, size_t size, gfp_t gfp, int nid, const char *name) __malloc; #define devres_alloc(release, size, gfp) \ __devres_alloc_node(release, size, gfp, NUMA_NO_NODE, #release) #define devres_alloc_node(release, size, gfp, nid) \ __devres_alloc_node(release, size, gfp, nid, #release) #else void *devres_alloc_node(dr_release_t release, size_t size, gfp_t gfp, int nid) __malloc; static inline void *devres_alloc(dr_release_t release, size_t size, gfp_t gfp) { return devres_alloc_node(release, size, gfp, NUMA_NO_NODE); } #endif void devres_for_each_res(struct device *dev, dr_release_t release, dr_match_t match, void *match_data, void (*fn)(struct device *, void *, void *), void *data); void devres_free(void *res); void devres_add(struct device *dev, void *res); void *devres_find(struct device *dev, dr_release_t release, dr_match_t match, void *match_data); void *devres_get(struct device *dev, void *new_res, dr_match_t match, void *match_data); void *devres_remove(struct device *dev, dr_release_t release, dr_match_t match, void *match_data); int devres_destroy(struct device *dev, dr_release_t release, dr_match_t match, void *match_data); int devres_release(struct device *dev, dr_release_t release, dr_match_t match, void *match_data); /* devres group */ void * __must_check devres_open_group(struct device *dev, void *id, gfp_t gfp); void devres_close_group(struct device *dev, void *id); void devres_remove_group(struct device *dev, void *id); int devres_release_group(struct device *dev, void *id); /* managed devm_k.alloc/kfree for device drivers */ void *devm_kmalloc(struct device *dev, size_t size, gfp_t gfp) __malloc; void *devm_krealloc(struct device *dev, void *ptr, size_t size, gfp_t gfp) __must_check; __printf(3, 0) char *devm_kvasprintf(struct device *dev, gfp_t gfp, const char *fmt, va_list ap) __malloc; __printf(3, 4) char *devm_kasprintf(struct device *dev, gfp_t gfp, const char *fmt, ...) __malloc; static inline void *devm_kzalloc(struct device *dev, size_t size, gfp_t gfp) { return devm_kmalloc(dev, size, gfp | __GFP_ZERO); } static inline void *devm_kmalloc_array(struct device *dev, size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags) { size_t bytes; if (unlikely(check_mul_overflow(n, size, &bytes))) return NULL; return devm_kmalloc(dev, bytes, flags); } static inline void *devm_kcalloc(struct device *dev, size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return devm_kmalloc_array(dev, n, size, flags | __GFP_ZERO); } void devm_kfree(struct device *dev, const void *p); char *devm_kstrdup(struct device *dev, const char *s, gfp_t gfp) __malloc; const char *devm_kstrdup_const(struct device *dev, const char *s, gfp_t gfp); void *devm_kmemdup(struct device *dev, const void *src, size_t len, gfp_t gfp); unsigned long devm_get_free_pages(struct device *dev, gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order); void devm_free_pages(struct device *dev, unsigned long addr); void __iomem *devm_ioremap_resource(struct device *dev, const struct resource *res); void __iomem *devm_ioremap_resource_wc(struct device *dev, const struct resource *res); void __iomem *devm_of_iomap(struct device *dev, struct device_node *node, int index, resource_size_t *size); /* allows to add/remove a custom action to devres stack */ int devm_add_action(struct device *dev, void (*action)(void *), void *data); void devm_remove_action(struct device *dev, void (*action)(void *), void *data); void devm_release_action(struct device *dev, void (*action)(void *), void *data); static inline int devm_add_action_or_reset(struct device *dev, void (*action)(void *), void *data) { int ret; ret = devm_add_action(dev, action, data); if (ret) action(data); return ret; } /** * devm_alloc_percpu - Resource-managed alloc_percpu * @dev: Device to allocate per-cpu memory for * @type: Type to allocate per-cpu memory for * * Managed alloc_percpu. Per-cpu memory allocated with this function is * automatically freed on driver detach. * * RETURNS: * Pointer to allocated memory on success, NULL on failure. */ #define devm_alloc_percpu(dev, type) \ ((typeof(type) __percpu *)__devm_alloc_percpu((dev), sizeof(type), \ __alignof__(type))) void __percpu *__devm_alloc_percpu(struct device *dev, size_t size, size_t align); void devm_free_percpu(struct device *dev, void __percpu *pdata); struct device_dma_parameters { /* * a low level driver may set these to teach IOMMU code about * sg limitations. */ unsigned int max_segment_size; unsigned int min_align_mask; unsigned long segment_boundary_mask; }; /** * enum device_link_state - Device link states. * @DL_STATE_NONE: The presence of the drivers is not being tracked. * @DL_STATE_DORMANT: None of the supplier/consumer drivers is present. * @DL_STATE_AVAILABLE: The supplier driver is present, but the consumer is not. * @DL_STATE_CONSUMER_PROBE: The consumer is probing (supplier driver present). * @DL_STATE_ACTIVE: Both the supplier and consumer drivers are present. * @DL_STATE_SUPPLIER_UNBIND: The supplier driver is unbinding. */ enum device_link_state { DL_STATE_NONE = -1, DL_STATE_DORMANT = 0, DL_STATE_AVAILABLE, DL_STATE_CONSUMER_PROBE, DL_STATE_ACTIVE, DL_STATE_SUPPLIER_UNBIND, }; /* * Device link flags. * * STATELESS: The core will not remove this link automatically. * AUTOREMOVE_CONSUMER: Remove the link automatically on consumer driver unbind. * PM_RUNTIME: If set, the runtime PM framework will use this link. * RPM_ACTIVE: Run pm_runtime_get_sync() on the supplier during link creation. * AUTOREMOVE_SUPPLIER: Remove the link automatically on supplier driver unbind. * AUTOPROBE_CONSUMER: Probe consumer driver automatically after supplier binds. * MANAGED: The core tracks presence of supplier/consumer drivers (internal). * SYNC_STATE_ONLY: Link only affects sync_state() behavior. */ #define DL_FLAG_STATELESS BIT(0) #define DL_FLAG_AUTOREMOVE_CONSUMER BIT(1) #define DL_FLAG_PM_RUNTIME BIT(2) #define DL_FLAG_RPM_ACTIVE BIT(3) #define DL_FLAG_AUTOREMOVE_SUPPLIER BIT(4) #define DL_FLAG_AUTOPROBE_CONSUMER BIT(5) #define DL_FLAG_MANAGED BIT(6) #define DL_FLAG_SYNC_STATE_ONLY BIT(7) /** * enum dl_dev_state - Device driver presence tracking information. * @DL_DEV_NO_DRIVER: There is no driver attached to the device. * @DL_DEV_PROBING: A driver is probing. * @DL_DEV_DRIVER_BOUND: The driver has been bound to the device. * @DL_DEV_UNBINDING: The driver is unbinding from the device. */ enum dl_dev_state { DL_DEV_NO_DRIVER = 0, DL_DEV_PROBING, DL_DEV_DRIVER_BOUND, DL_DEV_UNBINDING, }; /** * struct dev_links_info - Device data related to device links. * @suppliers: List of links to supplier devices. * @consumers: List of links to consumer devices. * @needs_suppliers: Hook to global list of devices waiting for suppliers. * @defer_hook: Hook to global list of devices that have deferred sync_state or * deferred fw_devlink. * @need_for_probe: If needs_suppliers is on a list, this indicates if the * suppliers are needed for probe or not. * @status: Driver status information. */ struct dev_links_info { struct list_head suppliers; struct list_head consumers; struct list_head needs_suppliers; struct list_head defer_hook; bool need_for_probe; enum dl_dev_state status; }; /** * struct device - The basic device structure * @parent: The device's "parent" device, the device to which it is attached. * In most cases, a parent device is some sort of bus or host * controller. If parent is NULL, the device, is a top-level device, * which is not usually what you want. * @p: Holds the private data of the driver core portions of the device. * See the comment of the struct device_private for detail. * @kobj: A top-level, abstract class from which other classes are derived. * @init_name: Initial name of the device. * @type: The type of device. * This identifies the device type and carries type-specific * information. * @mutex: Mutex to synchronize calls to its driver. * @lockdep_mutex: An optional debug lock that a subsystem can use as a * peer lock to gain localized lockdep coverage of the device_lock. * @bus: Type of bus device is on. * @driver: Which driver has allocated this * @platform_data: Platform data specific to the device. * Example: For devices on custom boards, as typical of embedded * and SOC based hardware, Linux often uses platform_data to point * to board-specific structures describing devices and how they * are wired. That can include what ports are available, chip * variants, which GPIO pins act in what additional roles, and so * on. This shrinks the "Board Support Packages" (BSPs) and * minimizes board-specific #ifdefs in drivers. * @driver_data: Private pointer for driver specific info. * @links: Links to suppliers and consumers of this device. * @power: For device power management. * See Documentation/driver-api/pm/devices.rst for details. * @pm_domain: Provide callbacks that are executed during system suspend, * hibernation, system resume and during runtime PM transitions * along with subsystem-level and driver-level callbacks. * @em_pd: device's energy model performance domain * @pins: For device pin management. * See Documentation/driver-api/pinctl.rst for details. * @msi_list: Hosts MSI descriptors * @msi_domain: The generic MSI domain this device is using. * @numa_node: NUMA node this device is close to. * @dma_ops: DMA mapping operations for this device. * @dma_mask: Dma mask (if dma'ble device). * @coherent_dma_mask: Like dma_mask, but for alloc_coherent mapping as not all * hardware supports 64-bit addresses for consistent allocations * such descriptors. * @bus_dma_limit: Limit of an upstream bridge or bus which imposes a smaller * DMA limit than the device itself supports. * @dma_range_map: map for DMA memory ranges relative to that of RAM * @dma_parms: A low level driver may set these to teach IOMMU code about * segment limitations. * @dma_pools: Dma pools (if dma'ble device). * @dma_mem: Internal for coherent mem override. * @cma_area: Contiguous memory area for dma allocations * @archdata: For arch-specific additions. * @of_node: Associated device tree node. * @fwnode: Associated device node supplied by platform firmware. * @devt: For creating the sysfs "dev". * @id: device instance * @devres_lock: Spinlock to protect the resource of the device. * @devres_head: The resources list of the device. * @knode_class: The node used to add the device to the class list. * @class: The class of the device. * @groups: Optional attribute groups. * @release: Callback to free the device after all references have * gone away. This should be set by the allocator of the * device (i.e. the bus driver that discovered the device). * @iommu_group: IOMMU group the device belongs to. * @iommu: Per device generic IOMMU runtime data * * @offline_disabled: If set, the device is permanently online. * @offline: Set after successful invocation of bus type's .offline(). * @of_node_reused: Set if the device-tree node is shared with an ancestor * device. * @state_synced: The hardware state of this device has been synced to match * the software state of this device by calling the driver/bus * sync_state() callback. * @dma_coherent: this particular device is dma coherent, even if the * architecture supports non-coherent devices. * @dma_ops_bypass: If set to %true then the dma_ops are bypassed for the * streaming DMA operations (->map_* / ->unmap_* / ->sync_*), * and optionall (if the coherent mask is large enough) also * for dma allocations. This flag is managed by the dma ops * instance from ->dma_supported. * * At the lowest level, every device in a Linux system is represented by an * instance of struct device. The device structure contains the information * that the device model core needs to model the system. Most subsystems, * however, track additional information about the devices they host. As a * result, it is rare for devices to be represented by bare device structures; * instead, that structure, like kobject structures, is usually embedded within * a higher-level representation of the device. */ struct device { struct kobject kobj; struct device *parent; struct device_private *p; const char *init_name; /* initial name of the device */ const struct device_type *type; struct bus_type *bus; /* type of bus device is on */ struct device_driver *driver; /* which driver has allocated this device */ void *platform_data; /* Platform specific data, device core doesn't touch it */ void *driver_data; /* Driver data, set and get with dev_set_drvdata/dev_get_drvdata */ #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING struct mutex lockdep_mutex; #endif struct mutex mutex; /* mutex to synchronize calls to * its driver. */ struct dev_links_info links; struct dev_pm_info power; struct dev_pm_domain *pm_domain; #ifdef CONFIG_ENERGY_MODEL struct em_perf_domain *em_pd; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_GENERIC_MSI_IRQ_DOMAIN struct irq_domain *msi_domain; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PINCTRL struct dev_pin_info *pins; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_GENERIC_MSI_IRQ raw_spinlock_t msi_lock; struct list_head msi_list; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DMA_OPS const struct dma_map_ops *dma_ops; #endif u64 *dma_mask; /* dma mask (if dma'able device) */ u64 coherent_dma_mask;/* Like dma_mask, but for alloc_coherent mappings as not all hardware supports 64 bit addresses for consistent allocations such descriptors. */ u64 bus_dma_limit; /* upstream dma constraint */ const struct bus_dma_region *dma_range_map; struct device_dma_parameters *dma_parms; struct list_head dma_pools; /* dma pools (if dma'ble) */ #ifdef CONFIG_DMA_DECLARE_COHERENT struct dma_coherent_mem *dma_mem; /* internal for coherent mem override */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DMA_CMA struct cma *cma_area; /* contiguous memory area for dma allocations */ #endif /* arch specific additions */ struct dev_archdata archdata; struct device_node *of_node; /* associated device tree node */ struct fwnode_handle *fwnode; /* firmware device node */ #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA int numa_node; /* NUMA node this device is close to */ #endif dev_t devt; /* dev_t, creates the sysfs "dev" */ u32 id; /* device instance */ spinlock_t devres_lock; struct list_head devres_head; struct class *class; const struct attribute_group **groups; /* optional groups */ void (*release)(struct device *dev); struct iommu_group *iommu_group; struct dev_iommu *iommu; bool offline_disabled:1; bool offline:1; bool of_node_reused:1; bool state_synced:1; #if defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYNC_DMA_FOR_DEVICE) || \ defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYNC_DMA_FOR_CPU) || \ defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYNC_DMA_FOR_CPU_ALL) bool dma_coherent:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DMA_OPS_BYPASS bool dma_ops_bypass : 1; #endif }; /** * struct device_link - Device link representation. * @supplier: The device on the supplier end of the link. * @s_node: Hook to the supplier device's list of links to consumers. * @consumer: The device on the consumer end of the link. * @c_node: Hook to the consumer device's list of links to suppliers. * @link_dev: device used to expose link details in sysfs * @status: The state of the link (with respect to the presence of drivers). * @flags: Link flags. * @rpm_active: Whether or not the consumer device is runtime-PM-active. * @kref: Count repeated addition of the same link. * @rm_work: Work structure used for removing the link. * @supplier_preactivated: Supplier has been made active before consumer probe. */ struct device_link { struct device *supplier; struct list_head s_node; struct device *consumer; struct list_head c_node; struct device link_dev; enum device_link_state status; u32 flags; refcount_t rpm_active; struct kref kref; struct work_struct rm_work; bool supplier_preactivated; /* Owned by consumer probe. */ }; static inline struct device *kobj_to_dev(struct kobject *kobj) { return container_of(kobj, struct device, kobj); } /** * device_iommu_mapped - Returns true when the device DMA is translated * by an IOMMU * @dev: Device to perform the check on */ static inline bool device_iommu_mapped(struct device *dev) { return (dev->iommu_group != NULL); } /* Get the wakeup routines, which depend on struct device */ #include <linux/pm_wakeup.h> static inline const char *dev_name(const struct device *dev) { /* Use the init name until the kobject becomes available */ if (dev->init_name) return dev->init_name; return kobject_name(&dev->kobj); } /** * dev_bus_name - Return a device's bus/class name, if at all possible * @dev: struct device to get the bus/class name of * * Will return the name of the bus/class the device is attached to. If it is * not attached to a bus/class, an empty string will be returned. */ static inline const char *dev_bus_name(const struct device *dev) { return dev->bus ? dev->bus->name : (dev->class ? dev->class->name : ""); } __printf(2, 3) int dev_set_name(struct device *dev, const char *name, ...); #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA static inline int dev_to_node(struct device *dev) { return dev->numa_node; } static inline void set_dev_node(struct device *dev, int node) { dev->numa_node = node; } #else static inline int dev_to_node(struct device *dev) { return NUMA_NO_NODE; } static inline void set_dev_node(struct device *dev, int node) { } #endif static inline struct irq_domain *dev_get_msi_domain(const struct device *dev) { #ifdef CONFIG_GENERIC_MSI_IRQ_DOMAIN return dev->msi_domain; #else return NULL; #endif } static inline void dev_set_msi_domain(struct device *dev, struct irq_domain *d) { #ifdef CONFIG_GENERIC_MSI_IRQ_DOMAIN dev->msi_domain = d; #endif } static inline void *dev_get_drvdata(const struct device *dev) { return dev->driver_data; } static inline void dev_set_drvdata(struct device *dev, void *data) { dev->driver_data = data; } static inline struct pm_subsys_data *dev_to_psd(struct device *dev) { return dev ? dev->power.subsys_data : NULL; } static inline unsigned int dev_get_uevent_suppress(const struct device *dev) { return dev->kobj.uevent_suppress; } static inline void dev_set_uevent_suppress(struct device *dev, int val) { dev->kobj.uevent_suppress = val; } static inline int device_is_registered(struct device *dev) { return dev->kobj.state_in_sysfs; } static inline void device_enable_async_suspend(struct device *dev) { if (!dev->power.is_prepared) dev->power.async_suspend = true; } static inline void device_disable_async_suspend(struct device *dev) { if (!dev->power.is_prepared) dev->power.async_suspend = false; } static inline bool device_async_suspend_enabled(struct device *dev) { return !!dev->power.async_suspend; } static inline bool device_pm_not_required(struct device *dev) { return dev->power.no_pm; } static inline void device_set_pm_not_required(struct device *dev) { dev->power.no_pm = true; } static inline void dev_pm_syscore_device(struct device *dev, bool val) { #ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP dev->power.syscore = val; #endif } static inline void dev_pm_set_driver_flags(struct device *dev, u32 flags) { dev->power.driver_flags = flags; } static inline bool dev_pm_test_driver_flags(struct device *dev, u32 flags) { return !!(dev->power.driver_flags & flags); } static inline void device_lock(struct device *dev) { mutex_lock(&dev->mutex); } static inline int device_lock_interruptible(struct device *dev) { return mutex_lock_interruptible(&dev->mutex); } static inline int device_trylock(struct device *dev) { return mutex_trylock(&dev->mutex); } static inline void device_unlock(struct device *dev) { mutex_unlock(&dev->mutex); } static inline void device_lock_assert(struct device *dev) { lockdep_assert_held(&dev->mutex); } static inline struct device_node *dev_of_node(struct device *dev) { if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_OF) || !dev) return NULL; return dev->of_node; } static inline bool dev_has_sync_state(struct device *dev) { if (!dev) return false; if (dev->driver && dev->driver->sync_state) return true; if (dev->bus && dev->bus->sync_state) return true; return false; } /* * High level routines for use by the bus drivers */ int __must_check device_register(struct device *dev); void device_unregister(struct device *dev); void device_initialize(struct device *dev); int __must_check device_add(struct device *dev); void device_del(struct device *dev); int device_for_each_child(struct device *dev, void *data, int (*fn)(struct device *dev, void *data)); int device_for_each_child_reverse(struct device *dev, void *data, int (*fn)(struct device *dev, void *data)); struct device *device_find_child(struct device *dev, void *data, int (*match)(struct device *dev, void *data)); struct device *device_find_child_by_name(struct device *parent, const char *name); int device_rename(struct device *dev, const char *new_name); int device_move(struct device *dev, struct device *new_parent, enum dpm_order dpm_order); int device_change_owner(struct device *dev, kuid_t kuid, kgid_t kgid); const char *device_get_devnode(struct device *dev, umode_t *mode, kuid_t *uid, kgid_t *gid, const char **tmp); int device_is_dependent(struct device *dev, void *target); static inline bool device_supports_offline(struct device *dev) { return dev->bus && dev->bus->offline && dev->bus->online; } void lock_device_hotplug(void); void unlock_device_hotplug(void); int lock_device_hotplug_sysfs(void); int device_offline(struct device *dev); int device_online(struct device *dev); void set_primary_fwnode(struct device *dev, struct fwnode_handle *fwnode); void set_secondary_fwnode(struct device *dev, struct fwnode_handle *fwnode); void device_set_of_node_from_dev(struct device *dev, const struct device *dev2); static inline int dev_num_vf(struct device *dev) { if (dev->bus && dev->bus->num_vf) return dev->bus->num_vf(dev); return 0; } /* * Root device objects for grouping under /sys/devices */ struct device *__root_device_register(const char *name, struct module *owner); /* This is a macro to avoid include problems with THIS_MODULE */ #define root_device_register(name) \ __root_device_register(name, THIS_MODULE) void root_device_unregister(struct device *root); static inline void *dev_get_platdata(const struct device *dev) { return dev->platform_data; } /* * Manual binding of a device to driver. See drivers/base/bus.c * for information on use. */ int __must_check device_bind_driver(struct device *dev); void device_release_driver(struct device *dev); int __must_check device_attach(struct device *dev); int __must_check driver_attach(struct device_driver *drv); void device_initial_probe(struct device *dev); int __must_check device_reprobe(struct device *dev); bool device_is_bound(struct device *dev); /* * Easy functions for dynamically creating devices on the fly */ __printf(5, 6) struct device * device_create(struct class *cls, struct device *parent, dev_t devt, void *drvdata, const char *fmt, ...); __printf(6, 7) struct device * device_create_with_groups(struct class *cls, struct device *parent, dev_t devt, void *drvdata, const struct attribute_group **groups, const char *fmt, ...); void device_destroy(struct class *cls, dev_t devt); int __must_check device_add_groups(struct device *dev, const struct attribute_group **groups); void device_remove_groups(struct device *dev, const struct attribute_group **groups); static inline int __must_check device_add_group(struct device *dev, const struct attribute_group *grp) { const struct attribute_group *groups[] = { grp, NULL }; return device_add_groups(dev, groups); } static inline void device_remove_group(struct device *dev, const struct attribute_group *grp) { const struct attribute_group *groups[] = { grp, NULL }; return device_remove_groups(dev, groups); } int __must_check devm_device_add_groups(struct device *dev, const struct attribute_group **groups); void devm_device_remove_groups(struct device *dev, const struct attribute_group **groups); int __must_check devm_device_add_group(struct device *dev, const struct attribute_group *grp); void devm_device_remove_group(struct device *dev, const struct attribute_group *grp); /* * Platform "fixup" functions - allow the platform to have their say * about devices and actions that the general device layer doesn't * know about. */ /* Notify platform of device discovery */ extern int (*platform_notify)(struct device *dev); extern int (*platform_notify_remove)(struct device *dev); /* * get_device - atomically increment the reference count for the device. * */ struct device *get_device(struct device *dev); void put_device(struct device *dev); bool kill_device(struct device *dev); #ifdef CONFIG_DEVTMPFS int devtmpfs_mount(void); #else static inline int devtmpfs_mount(void) { return 0; } #endif /* drivers/base/power/shutdown.c */ void device_shutdown(void); /* debugging and troubleshooting/diagnostic helpers. */ const char *dev_driver_string(const struct device *dev); /* Device links interface. */ struct device_link *device_link_add(struct device *consumer, struct device *supplier, u32 flags); void device_link_del(struct device_link *link); void device_link_remove(void *consumer, struct device *supplier); void device_links_supplier_sync_state_pause(void); void device_links_supplier_sync_state_resume(void); extern __printf(3, 4) int dev_err_probe(const struct device *dev, int err, const char *fmt, ...); /* Create alias, so I can be autoloaded. */ #define MODULE_ALIAS_CHARDEV(major,minor) \ MODULE_ALIAS("char-major-" __stringify(major) "-" __stringify(minor)) #define MODULE_ALIAS_CHARDEV_MAJOR(major) \ MODULE_ALIAS("char-major-" __stringify(major) "-*") #ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS_DEPRECATED extern long sysfs_deprecated; #else #define sysfs_deprecated 0 #endif #endif /* _DEVICE_H_ */
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2998 2999 3000 3001 3002 3003 3004 3005 3006 3007 3008 3009 3010 3011 3012 3013 3014 3015 3016 3017 3018 3019 3020 3021 3022 3023 3024 3025 3026 3027 3028 3029 3030 3031 3032 3033 3034 3035 3036 3037 3038 3039 3040 3041 3042 3043 3044 3045 3046 3047 3048 3049 3050 3051 3052 3053 3054 3055 3056 3057 3058 3059 3060 3061 3062 3063 3064 3065 3066 3067 3068 3069 3070 3071 3072 3073 3074 3075 3076 3077 3078 3079 3080 3081 3082 3083 3084 3085 3086 3087 3088 3089 3090 3091 3092 3093 3094 3095 3096 3097 3098 3099 3100 3101 3102 3103 3104 3105 3106 3107 3108 3109 3110 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 3120 3121 3122 3123 3124 3125 3126 3127 3128 3129 3130 3131 3132 3133 3134 3135 3136 3137 3138 3139 3140 3141 3142 3143 3144 3145 3146 3147 3148 3149 3150 3151 3152 3153 3154 3155 3156 3157 3158 3159 3160 3161 3162 3163 3164 3165 3166 3167 3168 3169 3170 3171 3172 3173 3174 3175 3176 3177 3178 3179 3180 3181 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * mm/percpu.c - percpu memory allocator * * Copyright (C) 2009 SUSE Linux Products GmbH * Copyright (C) 2009 Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> * * Copyright (C) 2017 Facebook Inc. * Copyright (C) 2017 Dennis Zhou <dennis@kernel.org> * * The percpu allocator handles both static and dynamic areas. Percpu * areas are allocated in chunks which are divided into units. There is * a 1-to-1 mapping for units to possible cpus. These units are grouped * based on NUMA properties of the machine. * * c0 c1 c2 * ------------------- ------------------- ------------ * | u0 | u1 | u2 | u3 | | u0 | u1 | u2 | u3 | | u0 | u1 | u * ------------------- ...... ------------------- .... ------------ * * Allocation is done by offsets into a unit's address space. Ie., an * area of 512 bytes at 6k in c1 occupies 512 bytes at 6k in c1:u0, * c1:u1, c1:u2, etc. On NUMA machines, the mapping may be non-linear * and even sparse. Access is handled by configuring percpu base * registers according to the cpu to unit mappings and offsetting the * base address using pcpu_unit_size. * * There is special consideration for the first chunk which must handle * the static percpu variables in the kernel image as allocation services * are not online yet. In short, the first chunk is structured like so: * * <Static | [Reserved] | Dynamic> * * The static data is copied from the original section managed by the * linker. The reserved section, if non-zero, primarily manages static * percpu variables from kernel modules. Finally, the dynamic section * takes care of normal allocations. * * The allocator organizes chunks into lists according to free size and * memcg-awareness. To make a percpu allocation memcg-aware the __GFP_ACCOUNT * flag should be passed. All memcg-aware allocations are sharing one set * of chunks and all unaccounted allocations and allocations performed * by processes belonging to the root memory cgroup are using the second set. * * The allocator tries to allocate from the fullest chunk first. Each chunk * is managed by a bitmap with metadata blocks. The allocation map is updated * on every allocation and free to reflect the current state while the boundary * map is only updated on allocation. Each metadata block contains * information to help mitigate the need to iterate over large portions * of the bitmap. The reverse mapping from page to chunk is stored in * the page's index. Lastly, units are lazily backed and grow in unison. * * There is a unique conversion that goes on here between bytes and bits. * Each bit represents a fragment of size PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE. The chunk * tracks the number of pages it is responsible for in nr_pages. Helper * functions are used to convert from between the bytes, bits, and blocks. * All hints are managed in bits unless explicitly stated. * * To use this allocator, arch code should do the following: * * - define __addr_to_pcpu_ptr() and __pcpu_ptr_to_addr() to translate * regular address to percpu pointer and back if they need to be * different from the default * * - use pcpu_setup_first_chunk() during percpu area initialization to * setup the first chunk containing the kernel static percpu area */ #define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt #include <linux/bitmap.h> #include <linux/memblock.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/lcm.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/log2.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/pfn.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/kmemleak.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <asm/cacheflush.h> #include <asm/sections.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include <asm/io.h> #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <trace/events/percpu.h> #include "percpu-internal.h" /* the slots are sorted by free bytes left, 1-31 bytes share the same slot */ #define PCPU_SLOT_BASE_SHIFT 5 /* chunks in slots below this are subject to being sidelined on failed alloc */ #define PCPU_SLOT_FAIL_THRESHOLD 3 #define PCPU_EMPTY_POP_PAGES_LOW 2 #define PCPU_EMPTY_POP_PAGES_HIGH 4 #ifdef CONFIG_SMP /* default addr <-> pcpu_ptr mapping, override in asm/percpu.h if necessary */ #ifndef __addr_to_pcpu_ptr #define __addr_to_pcpu_ptr(addr) \ (void __percpu *)((unsigned long)(addr) - \ (unsigned long)pcpu_base_addr + \ (unsigned long)__per_cpu_start) #endif #ifndef __pcpu_ptr_to_addr #define __pcpu_ptr_to_addr(ptr) \ (void __force *)((unsigned long)(ptr) + \ (unsigned long)pcpu_base_addr - \ (unsigned long)__per_cpu_start) #endif #else /* CONFIG_SMP */ /* on UP, it's always identity mapped */ #define __addr_to_pcpu_ptr(addr) (void __percpu *)(addr) #define __pcpu_ptr_to_addr(ptr) (void __force *)(ptr) #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ static int pcpu_unit_pages __ro_after_init; static int pcpu_unit_size __ro_after_init; static int pcpu_nr_units __ro_after_init; static int pcpu_atom_size __ro_after_init; int pcpu_nr_slots __ro_after_init; static size_t pcpu_chunk_struct_size __ro_after_init; /* cpus with the lowest and highest unit addresses */ static unsigned int pcpu_low_unit_cpu __ro_after_init; static unsigned int pcpu_high_unit_cpu __ro_after_init; /* the address of the first chunk which starts with the kernel static area */ void *pcpu_base_addr __ro_after_init; EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pcpu_base_addr); static const int *pcpu_unit_map __ro_after_init; /* cpu -> unit */ const unsigned long *pcpu_unit_offsets __ro_after_init; /* cpu -> unit offset */ /* group information, used for vm allocation */ static int pcpu_nr_groups __ro_after_init; static const unsigned long *pcpu_group_offsets __ro_after_init; static const size_t *pcpu_group_sizes __ro_after_init; /* * The first chunk which always exists. Note that unlike other * chunks, this one can be allocated and mapped in several different * ways and thus often doesn't live in the vmalloc area. */ struct pcpu_chunk *pcpu_first_chunk __ro_after_init; /* * Optional reserved chunk. This chunk reserves part of the first * chunk and serves it for reserved allocations. When the reserved * region doesn't exist, the following variable is NULL. */ struct pcpu_chunk *pcpu_reserved_chunk __ro_after_init; DEFINE_SPINLOCK(pcpu_lock); /* all internal data structures */ static DEFINE_MUTEX(pcpu_alloc_mutex); /* chunk create/destroy, [de]pop, map ext */ struct list_head *pcpu_chunk_lists __ro_after_init; /* chunk list slots */ /* chunks which need their map areas extended, protected by pcpu_lock */ static LIST_HEAD(pcpu_map_extend_chunks); /* * The number of empty populated pages by chunk type, protected by pcpu_lock. * The reserved chunk doesn't contribute to the count. */ int pcpu_nr_empty_pop_pages[PCPU_NR_CHUNK_TYPES]; /* * The number of populated pages in use by the allocator, protected by * pcpu_lock. This number is kept per a unit per chunk (i.e. when a page gets * allocated/deallocated, it is allocated/deallocated in all units of a chunk * and increments/decrements this count by 1). */ static unsigned long pcpu_nr_populated; /* * Balance work is used to populate or destroy chunks asynchronously. We * try to keep the number of populated free pages between * PCPU_EMPTY_POP_PAGES_LOW and HIGH for atomic allocations and at most one * empty chunk. */ static void pcpu_balance_workfn(struct work_struct *work); static DECLARE_WORK(pcpu_balance_work, pcpu_balance_workfn); static bool pcpu_async_enabled __read_mostly; static bool pcpu_atomic_alloc_failed; static void pcpu_schedule_balance_work(void) { if (pcpu_async_enabled) schedule_work(&pcpu_balance_work); } /** * pcpu_addr_in_chunk - check if the address is served from this chunk * @chunk: chunk of interest * @addr: percpu address * * RETURNS: * True if the address is served from this chunk. */ static bool pcpu_addr_in_chunk(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, void *addr) { void *start_addr, *end_addr; if (!chunk) return false; start_addr = chunk->base_addr + chunk->start_offset; end_addr = chunk->base_addr + chunk->nr_pages * PAGE_SIZE - chunk->end_offset; return addr >= start_addr && addr < end_addr; } static int __pcpu_size_to_slot(int size) { int highbit = fls(size); /* size is in bytes */ return max(highbit - PCPU_SLOT_BASE_SHIFT + 2, 1); } static int pcpu_size_to_slot(int size) { if (size == pcpu_unit_size) return pcpu_nr_slots - 1; return __pcpu_size_to_slot(size); } static int pcpu_chunk_slot(const struct pcpu_chunk *chunk) { const struct pcpu_block_md *chunk_md = &chunk->chunk_md; if (chunk->free_bytes < PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE || chunk_md->contig_hint == 0) return 0; return pcpu_size_to_slot(chunk_md->contig_hint * PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE); } /* set the pointer to a chunk in a page struct */ static void pcpu_set_page_chunk(struct page *page, struct pcpu_chunk *pcpu) { page->index = (unsigned long)pcpu; } /* obtain pointer to a chunk from a page struct */ static struct pcpu_chunk *pcpu_get_page_chunk(struct page *page) { return (struct pcpu_chunk *)page->index; } static int __maybe_unused pcpu_page_idx(unsigned int cpu, int page_idx) { return pcpu_unit_map[cpu] * pcpu_unit_pages + page_idx; } static unsigned long pcpu_unit_page_offset(unsigned int cpu, int page_idx) { return pcpu_unit_offsets[cpu] + (page_idx << PAGE_SHIFT); } static unsigned long pcpu_chunk_addr(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, unsigned int cpu, int page_idx) { return (unsigned long)chunk->base_addr + pcpu_unit_page_offset(cpu, page_idx); } /* * The following are helper functions to help access bitmaps and convert * between bitmap offsets to address offsets. */ static unsigned long *pcpu_index_alloc_map(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int index) { return chunk->alloc_map + (index * PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS / BITS_PER_LONG); } static unsigned long pcpu_off_to_block_index(int off) { return off / PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS; } static unsigned long pcpu_off_to_block_off(int off) { return off & (PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS - 1); } static unsigned long pcpu_block_off_to_off(int index, int off) { return index * PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS + off; } /* * pcpu_next_hint - determine which hint to use * @block: block of interest * @alloc_bits: size of allocation * * This determines if we should scan based on the scan_hint or first_free. * In general, we want to scan from first_free to fulfill allocations by * first fit. However, if we know a scan_hint at position scan_hint_start * cannot fulfill an allocation, we can begin scanning from there knowing * the contig_hint will be our fallback. */ static int pcpu_next_hint(struct pcpu_block_md *block, int alloc_bits) { /* * The three conditions below determine if we can skip past the * scan_hint. First, does the scan hint exist. Second, is the * contig_hint after the scan_hint (possibly not true iff * contig_hint == scan_hint). Third, is the allocation request * larger than the scan_hint. */ if (block->scan_hint && block->contig_hint_start > block->scan_hint_start && alloc_bits > block->scan_hint) return block->scan_hint_start + block->scan_hint; return block->first_free; } /** * pcpu_next_md_free_region - finds the next hint free area * @chunk: chunk of interest * @bit_off: chunk offset * @bits: size of free area * * Helper function for pcpu_for_each_md_free_region. It checks * block->contig_hint and performs aggregation across blocks to find the * next hint. It modifies bit_off and bits in-place to be consumed in the * loop. */ static void pcpu_next_md_free_region(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int *bit_off, int *bits) { int i = pcpu_off_to_block_index(*bit_off); int block_off = pcpu_off_to_block_off(*bit_off); struct pcpu_block_md *block; *bits = 0; for (block = chunk->md_blocks + i; i < pcpu_chunk_nr_blocks(chunk); block++, i++) { /* handles contig area across blocks */ if (*bits) { *bits += block->left_free; if (block->left_free == PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS) continue; return; } /* * This checks three things. First is there a contig_hint to * check. Second, have we checked this hint before by * comparing the block_off. Third, is this the same as the * right contig hint. In the last case, it spills over into * the next block and should be handled by the contig area * across blocks code. */ *bits = block->contig_hint; if (*bits && block->contig_hint_start >= block_off && *bits + block->contig_hint_start < PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS) { *bit_off = pcpu_block_off_to_off(i, block->contig_hint_start); return; } /* reset to satisfy the second predicate above */ block_off = 0; *bits = block->right_free; *bit_off = (i + 1) * PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS - block->right_free; } } /** * pcpu_next_fit_region - finds fit areas for a given allocation request * @chunk: chunk of interest * @alloc_bits: size of allocation * @align: alignment of area (max PAGE_SIZE) * @bit_off: chunk offset * @bits: size of free area * * Finds the next free region that is viable for use with a given size and * alignment. This only returns if there is a valid area to be used for this * allocation. block->first_free is returned if the allocation request fits * within the block to see if the request can be fulfilled prior to the contig * hint. */ static void pcpu_next_fit_region(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int alloc_bits, int align, int *bit_off, int *bits) { int i = pcpu_off_to_block_index(*bit_off); int block_off = pcpu_off_to_block_off(*bit_off); struct pcpu_block_md *block; *bits = 0; for (block = chunk->md_blocks + i; i < pcpu_chunk_nr_blocks(chunk); block++, i++) { /* handles contig area across blocks */ if (*bits) { *bits += block->left_free; if (*bits >= alloc_bits) return; if (block->left_free == PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS) continue; } /* check block->contig_hint */ *bits = ALIGN(block->contig_hint_start, align) - block->contig_hint_start; /* * This uses the block offset to determine if this has been * checked in the prior iteration. */ if (block->contig_hint && block->contig_hint_start >= block_off && block->contig_hint >= *bits + alloc_bits) { int start = pcpu_next_hint(block, alloc_bits); *bits += alloc_bits + block->contig_hint_start - start; *bit_off = pcpu_block_off_to_off(i, start); return; } /* reset to satisfy the second predicate above */ block_off = 0; *bit_off = ALIGN(PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS - block->right_free, align); *bits = PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS - *bit_off; *bit_off = pcpu_block_off_to_off(i, *bit_off); if (*bits >= alloc_bits) return; } /* no valid offsets were found - fail condition */ *bit_off = pcpu_chunk_map_bits(chunk); } /* * Metadata free area iterators. These perform aggregation of free areas * based on the metadata blocks and return the offset @bit_off and size in * bits of the free area @bits. pcpu_for_each_fit_region only returns when * a fit is found for the allocation request. */ #define pcpu_for_each_md_free_region(chunk, bit_off, bits) \ for (pcpu_next_md_free_region((chunk), &(bit_off), &(bits)); \ (bit_off) < pcpu_chunk_map_bits((chunk)); \ (bit_off) += (bits) + 1, \ pcpu_next_md_free_region((chunk), &(bit_off), &(bits))) #define pcpu_for_each_fit_region(chunk, alloc_bits, align, bit_off, bits) \ for (pcpu_next_fit_region((chunk), (alloc_bits), (align), &(bit_off), \ &(bits)); \ (bit_off) < pcpu_chunk_map_bits((chunk)); \ (bit_off) += (bits), \ pcpu_next_fit_region((chunk), (alloc_bits), (align), &(bit_off), \ &(bits))) /** * pcpu_mem_zalloc - allocate memory * @size: bytes to allocate * @gfp: allocation flags * * Allocate @size bytes. If @size is smaller than PAGE_SIZE, * kzalloc() is used; otherwise, the equivalent of vzalloc() is used. * This is to facilitate passing through whitelisted flags. The * returned memory is always zeroed. * * RETURNS: * Pointer to the allocated area on success, NULL on failure. */ static void *pcpu_mem_zalloc(size_t size, gfp_t gfp) { if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!slab_is_available())) return NULL; if (size <= PAGE_SIZE) return kzalloc(size, gfp); else return __vmalloc(size, gfp | __GFP_ZERO); } /** * pcpu_mem_free - free memory * @ptr: memory to free * * Free @ptr. @ptr should have been allocated using pcpu_mem_zalloc(). */ static void pcpu_mem_free(void *ptr) { kvfree(ptr); } static void __pcpu_chunk_move(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int slot, bool move_front) { if (chunk != pcpu_reserved_chunk) { struct list_head *pcpu_slot; pcpu_slot = pcpu_chunk_list(pcpu_chunk_type(chunk)); if (move_front) list_move(&chunk->list, &pcpu_slot[slot]); else list_move_tail(&chunk->list, &pcpu_slot[slot]); } } static void pcpu_chunk_move(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int slot) { __pcpu_chunk_move(chunk, slot, true); } /** * pcpu_chunk_relocate - put chunk in the appropriate chunk slot * @chunk: chunk of interest * @oslot: the previous slot it was on * * This function is called after an allocation or free changed @chunk. * New slot according to the changed state is determined and @chunk is * moved to the slot. Note that the reserved chunk is never put on * chunk slots. * * CONTEXT: * pcpu_lock. */ static void pcpu_chunk_relocate(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int oslot) { int nslot = pcpu_chunk_slot(chunk); if (oslot != nslot) __pcpu_chunk_move(chunk, nslot, oslot < nslot); } /* * pcpu_update_empty_pages - update empty page counters * @chunk: chunk of interest * @nr: nr of empty pages * * This is used to keep track of the empty pages now based on the premise * a md_block covers a page. The hint update functions recognize if a block * is made full or broken to calculate deltas for keeping track of free pages. */ static inline void pcpu_update_empty_pages(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int nr) { chunk->nr_empty_pop_pages += nr; if (chunk != pcpu_reserved_chunk) pcpu_nr_empty_pop_pages[pcpu_chunk_type(chunk)] += nr; } /* * pcpu_region_overlap - determines if two regions overlap * @a: start of first region, inclusive * @b: end of first region, exclusive * @x: start of second region, inclusive * @y: end of second region, exclusive * * This is used to determine if the hint region [a, b) overlaps with the * allocated region [x, y). */ static inline bool pcpu_region_overlap(int a, int b, int x, int y) { return (a < y) && (x < b); } /** * pcpu_block_update - updates a block given a free area * @block: block of interest * @start: start offset in block * @end: end offset in block * * Updates a block given a known free area. The region [start, end) is * expected to be the entirety of the free area within a block. Chooses * the best starting offset if the contig hints are equal. */ static void pcpu_block_update(struct pcpu_block_md *block, int start, int end) { int contig = end - start; block->first_free = min(block->first_free, start); if (start == 0) block->left_free = contig; if (end == block->nr_bits) block->right_free = contig; if (contig > block->contig_hint) { /* promote the old contig_hint to be the new scan_hint */ if (start > block->contig_hint_start) { if (block->contig_hint > block->scan_hint) { block->scan_hint_start = block->contig_hint_start; block->scan_hint = block->contig_hint; } else if (start < block->scan_hint_start) { /* * The old contig_hint == scan_hint. But, the * new contig is larger so hold the invariant * scan_hint_start < contig_hint_start. */ block->scan_hint = 0; } } else { block->scan_hint = 0; } block->contig_hint_start = start; block->contig_hint = contig; } else if (contig == block->contig_hint) { if (block->contig_hint_start && (!start || __ffs(start) > __ffs(block->contig_hint_start))) { /* start has a better alignment so use it */ block->contig_hint_start = start; if (start < block->scan_hint_start && block->contig_hint > block->scan_hint) block->scan_hint = 0; } else if (start > block->scan_hint_start || block->contig_hint > block->scan_hint) { /* * Knowing contig == contig_hint, update the scan_hint * if it is farther than or larger than the current * scan_hint. */ block->scan_hint_start = start; block->scan_hint = contig; } } else { /* * The region is smaller than the contig_hint. So only update * the scan_hint if it is larger than or equal and farther than * the current scan_hint. */ if ((start < block->contig_hint_start && (contig > block->scan_hint || (contig == block->scan_hint && start > block->scan_hint_start)))) { block->scan_hint_start = start; block->scan_hint = contig; } } } /* * pcpu_block_update_scan - update a block given a free area from a scan * @chunk: chunk of interest * @bit_off: chunk offset * @bits: size of free area * * Finding the final allocation spot first goes through pcpu_find_block_fit() * to find a block that can hold the allocation and then pcpu_alloc_area() * where a scan is used. When allocations require specific alignments, * we can inadvertently create holes which will not be seen in the alloc * or free paths. * * This takes a given free area hole and updates a block as it may change the * scan_hint. We need to scan backwards to ensure we don't miss free bits * from alignment. */ static void pcpu_block_update_scan(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int bit_off, int bits) { int s_off = pcpu_off_to_block_off(bit_off); int e_off = s_off + bits; int s_index, l_bit; struct pcpu_block_md *block; if (e_off > PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS) return; s_index = pcpu_off_to_block_index(bit_off); block = chunk->md_blocks + s_index; /* scan backwards in case of alignment skipping free bits */ l_bit = find_last_bit(pcpu_index_alloc_map(chunk, s_index), s_off); s_off = (s_off == l_bit) ? 0 : l_bit + 1; pcpu_block_update(block, s_off, e_off); } /** * pcpu_chunk_refresh_hint - updates metadata about a chunk * @chunk: chunk of interest * @full_scan: if we should scan from the beginning * * Iterates over the metadata blocks to find the largest contig area. * A full scan can be avoided on the allocation path as this is triggered * if we broke the contig_hint. In doing so, the scan_hint will be before * the contig_hint or after if the scan_hint == contig_hint. This cannot * be prevented on freeing as we want to find the largest area possibly * spanning blocks. */ static void pcpu_chunk_refresh_hint(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, bool full_scan) { struct pcpu_block_md *chunk_md = &chunk->chunk_md; int bit_off, bits; /* promote scan_hint to contig_hint */ if (!full_scan && chunk_md->scan_hint) { bit_off = chunk_md->scan_hint_start + chunk_md->scan_hint; chunk_md->contig_hint_start = chunk_md->scan_hint_start; chunk_md->contig_hint = chunk_md->scan_hint; chunk_md->scan_hint = 0; } else { bit_off = chunk_md->first_free; chunk_md->contig_hint = 0; } bits = 0; pcpu_for_each_md_free_region(chunk, bit_off, bits) pcpu_block_update(chunk_md, bit_off, bit_off + bits); } /** * pcpu_block_refresh_hint * @chunk: chunk of interest * @index: index of the metadata block * * Scans over the block beginning at first_free and updates the block * metadata accordingly. */ static void pcpu_block_refresh_hint(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int index) { struct pcpu_block_md *block = chunk->md_blocks + index; unsigned long *alloc_map = pcpu_index_alloc_map(chunk, index); unsigned int rs, re, start; /* region start, region end */ /* promote scan_hint to contig_hint */ if (block->scan_hint) { start = block->scan_hint_start + block->scan_hint; block->contig_hint_start = block->scan_hint_start; block->contig_hint = block->scan_hint; block->scan_hint = 0; } else { start = block->first_free; block->contig_hint = 0; } block->right_free = 0; /* iterate over free areas and update the contig hints */ bitmap_for_each_clear_region(alloc_map, rs, re, start, PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS) pcpu_block_update(block, rs, re); } /** * pcpu_block_update_hint_alloc - update hint on allocation path * @chunk: chunk of interest * @bit_off: chunk offset * @bits: size of request * * Updates metadata for the allocation path. The metadata only has to be * refreshed by a full scan iff the chunk's contig hint is broken. Block level * scans are required if the block's contig hint is broken. */ static void pcpu_block_update_hint_alloc(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int bit_off, int bits) { struct pcpu_block_md *chunk_md = &chunk->chunk_md; int nr_empty_pages = 0; struct pcpu_block_md *s_block, *e_block, *block; int s_index, e_index; /* block indexes of the freed allocation */ int s_off, e_off; /* block offsets of the freed allocation */ /* * Calculate per block offsets. * The calculation uses an inclusive range, but the resulting offsets * are [start, end). e_index always points to the last block in the * range. */ s_index = pcpu_off_to_block_index(bit_off); e_index = pcpu_off_to_block_index(bit_off + bits - 1); s_off = pcpu_off_to_block_off(bit_off); e_off = pcpu_off_to_block_off(bit_off + bits - 1) + 1; s_block = chunk->md_blocks + s_index; e_block = chunk->md_blocks + e_index; /* * Update s_block. * block->first_free must be updated if the allocation takes its place. * If the allocation breaks the contig_hint, a scan is required to * restore this hint. */ if (s_block->contig_hint == PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS) nr_empty_pages++; if (s_off == s_block->first_free) s_block->first_free = find_next_zero_bit( pcpu_index_alloc_map(chunk, s_index), PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS, s_off + bits); if (pcpu_region_overlap(s_block->scan_hint_start, s_block->scan_hint_start + s_block->scan_hint, s_off, s_off + bits)) s_block->scan_hint = 0; if (pcpu_region_overlap(s_block->contig_hint_start, s_block->contig_hint_start + s_block->contig_hint, s_off, s_off + bits)) { /* block contig hint is broken - scan to fix it */ if (!s_off) s_block->left_free = 0; pcpu_block_refresh_hint(chunk, s_index); } else { /* update left and right contig manually */ s_block->left_free = min(s_block->left_free, s_off); if (s_index == e_index) s_block->right_free = min_t(int, s_block->right_free, PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS - e_off); else s_block->right_free = 0; } /* * Update e_block. */ if (s_index != e_index) { if (e_block->contig_hint == PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS) nr_empty_pages++; /* * When the allocation is across blocks, the end is along * the left part of the e_block. */ e_block->first_free = find_next_zero_bit( pcpu_index_alloc_map(chunk, e_index), PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS, e_off); if (e_off == PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS) { /* reset the block */ e_block++; } else { if (e_off > e_block->scan_hint_start) e_block->scan_hint = 0; e_block->left_free = 0; if (e_off > e_block->contig_hint_start) { /* contig hint is broken - scan to fix it */ pcpu_block_refresh_hint(chunk, e_index); } else { e_block->right_free = min_t(int, e_block->right_free, PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS - e_off); } } /* update in-between md_blocks */ nr_empty_pages += (e_index - s_index - 1); for (block = s_block + 1; block < e_block; block++) { block->scan_hint = 0; block->contig_hint = 0; block->left_free = 0; block->right_free = 0; } } if (nr_empty_pages) pcpu_update_empty_pages(chunk, -nr_empty_pages); if (pcpu_region_overlap(chunk_md->scan_hint_start, chunk_md->scan_hint_start + chunk_md->scan_hint, bit_off, bit_off + bits)) chunk_md->scan_hint = 0; /* * The only time a full chunk scan is required is if the chunk * contig hint is broken. Otherwise, it means a smaller space * was used and therefore the chunk contig hint is still correct. */ if (pcpu_region_overlap(chunk_md->contig_hint_start, chunk_md->contig_hint_start + chunk_md->contig_hint, bit_off, bit_off + bits)) pcpu_chunk_refresh_hint(chunk, false); } /** * pcpu_block_update_hint_free - updates the block hints on the free path * @chunk: chunk of interest * @bit_off: chunk offset * @bits: size of request * * Updates metadata for the allocation path. This avoids a blind block * refresh by making use of the block contig hints. If this fails, it scans * forward and backward to determine the extent of the free area. This is * capped at the boundary of blocks. * * A chunk update is triggered if a page becomes free, a block becomes free, * or the free spans across blocks. This tradeoff is to minimize iterating * over the block metadata to update chunk_md->contig_hint. * chunk_md->contig_hint may be off by up to a page, but it will never be more * than the available space. If the contig hint is contained in one block, it * will be accurate. */ static void pcpu_block_update_hint_free(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int bit_off, int bits) { int nr_empty_pages = 0; struct pcpu_block_md *s_block, *e_block, *block; int s_index, e_index; /* block indexes of the freed allocation */ int s_off, e_off; /* block offsets of the freed allocation */ int start, end; /* start and end of the whole free area */ /* * Calculate per block offsets. * The calculation uses an inclusive range, but the resulting offsets * are [start, end). e_index always points to the last block in the * range. */ s_index = pcpu_off_to_block_index(bit_off); e_index = pcpu_off_to_block_index(bit_off + bits - 1); s_off = pcpu_off_to_block_off(bit_off); e_off = pcpu_off_to_block_off(bit_off + bits - 1) + 1; s_block = chunk->md_blocks + s_index; e_block = chunk->md_blocks + e_index; /* * Check if the freed area aligns with the block->contig_hint. * If it does, then the scan to find the beginning/end of the * larger free area can be avoided. * * start and end refer to beginning and end of the free area * within each their respective blocks. This is not necessarily * the entire free area as it may span blocks past the beginning * or end of the block. */ start = s_off; if (s_off == s_block->contig_hint + s_block->contig_hint_start) { start = s_block->contig_hint_start; } else { /* * Scan backwards to find the extent of the free area. * find_last_bit returns the starting bit, so if the start bit * is returned, that means there was no last bit and the * remainder of the chunk is free. */ int l_bit = find_last_bit(pcpu_index_alloc_map(chunk, s_index), start); start = (start == l_bit) ? 0 : l_bit + 1; } end = e_off; if (e_off == e_block->contig_hint_start) end = e_block->contig_hint_start + e_block->contig_hint; else end = find_next_bit(pcpu_index_alloc_map(chunk, e_index), PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS, end); /* update s_block */ e_off = (s_index == e_index) ? end : PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS; if (!start && e_off == PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS) nr_empty_pages++; pcpu_block_update(s_block, start, e_off); /* freeing in the same block */ if (s_index != e_index) { /* update e_block */ if (end == PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS) nr_empty_pages++; pcpu_block_update(e_block, 0, end); /* reset md_blocks in the middle */ nr_empty_pages += (e_index - s_index - 1); for (block = s_block + 1; block < e_block; block++) { block->first_free = 0; block->scan_hint = 0; block->contig_hint_start = 0; block->contig_hint = PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS; block->left_free = PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS; block->right_free = PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS; } } if (nr_empty_pages) pcpu_update_empty_pages(chunk, nr_empty_pages); /* * Refresh chunk metadata when the free makes a block free or spans * across blocks. The contig_hint may be off by up to a page, but if * the contig_hint is contained in a block, it will be accurate with * the else condition below. */ if (((end - start) >= PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS) || s_index != e_index) pcpu_chunk_refresh_hint(chunk, true); else pcpu_block_update(&chunk->chunk_md, pcpu_block_off_to_off(s_index, start), end); } /** * pcpu_is_populated - determines if the region is populated * @chunk: chunk of interest * @bit_off: chunk offset * @bits: size of area * @next_off: return value for the next offset to start searching * * For atomic allocations, check if the backing pages are populated. * * RETURNS: * Bool if the backing pages are populated. * next_index is to skip over unpopulated blocks in pcpu_find_block_fit. */ static bool pcpu_is_populated(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int bit_off, int bits, int *next_off) { unsigned int page_start, page_end, rs, re; page_start = PFN_DOWN(bit_off * PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE); page_end = PFN_UP((bit_off + bits) * PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE); rs = page_start; bitmap_next_clear_region(chunk->populated, &rs, &re, page_end); if (rs >= page_end) return true; *next_off = re * PAGE_SIZE / PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE; return false; } /** * pcpu_find_block_fit - finds the block index to start searching * @chunk: chunk of interest * @alloc_bits: size of request in allocation units * @align: alignment of area (max PAGE_SIZE bytes) * @pop_only: use populated regions only * * Given a chunk and an allocation spec, find the offset to begin searching * for a free region. This iterates over the bitmap metadata blocks to * find an offset that will be guaranteed to fit the requirements. It is * not quite first fit as if the allocation does not fit in the contig hint * of a block or chunk, it is skipped. This errs on the side of caution * to prevent excess iteration. Poor alignment can cause the allocator to * skip over blocks and chunks that have valid free areas. * * RETURNS: * The offset in the bitmap to begin searching. * -1 if no offset is found. */ static int pcpu_find_block_fit(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int alloc_bits, size_t align, bool pop_only) { struct pcpu_block_md *chunk_md = &chunk->chunk_md; int bit_off, bits, next_off; /* * Check to see if the allocation can fit in the chunk's contig hint. * This is an optimization to prevent scanning by assuming if it * cannot fit in the global hint, there is memory pressure and creating * a new chunk would happen soon. */ bit_off = ALIGN(chunk_md->contig_hint_start, align) - chunk_md->contig_hint_start; if (bit_off + alloc_bits > chunk_md->contig_hint) return -1; bit_off = pcpu_next_hint(chunk_md, alloc_bits); bits = 0; pcpu_for_each_fit_region(chunk, alloc_bits, align, bit_off, bits) { if (!pop_only || pcpu_is_populated(chunk, bit_off, bits, &next_off)) break; bit_off = next_off; bits = 0; } if (bit_off == pcpu_chunk_map_bits(chunk)) return -1; return bit_off; } /* * pcpu_find_zero_area - modified from bitmap_find_next_zero_area_off() * @map: the address to base the search on * @size: the bitmap size in bits * @start: the bitnumber to start searching at * @nr: the number of zeroed bits we're looking for * @align_mask: alignment mask for zero area * @largest_off: offset of the largest area skipped * @largest_bits: size of the largest area skipped * * The @align_mask should be one less than a power of 2. * * This is a modified version of bitmap_find_next_zero_area_off() to remember * the largest area that was skipped. This is imperfect, but in general is * good enough. The largest remembered region is the largest failed region * seen. This does not include anything we possibly skipped due to alignment. * pcpu_block_update_scan() does scan backwards to try and recover what was * lost to alignment. While this can cause scanning to miss earlier possible * free areas, smaller allocations will eventually fill those holes. */ static unsigned long pcpu_find_zero_area(unsigned long *map, unsigned long size, unsigned long start, unsigned long nr, unsigned long align_mask, unsigned long *largest_off, unsigned long *largest_bits) { unsigned long index, end, i, area_off, area_bits; again: index = find_next_zero_bit(map, size, start); /* Align allocation */ index = __ALIGN_MASK(index, align_mask); area_off = index; end = index + nr; if (end > size) return end; i = find_next_bit(map, end, index); if (i < end) { area_bits = i - area_off; /* remember largest unused area with best alignment */ if (area_bits > *largest_bits || (area_bits == *largest_bits && *largest_off && (!area_off || __ffs(area_off) > __ffs(*largest_off)))) { *largest_off = area_off; *largest_bits = area_bits; } start = i + 1; goto again; } return index; } /** * pcpu_alloc_area - allocates an area from a pcpu_chunk * @chunk: chunk of interest * @alloc_bits: size of request in allocation units * @align: alignment of area (max PAGE_SIZE) * @start: bit_off to start searching * * This function takes in a @start offset to begin searching to fit an * allocation of @alloc_bits with alignment @align. It needs to scan * the allocation map because if it fits within the block's contig hint, * @start will be block->first_free. This is an attempt to fill the * allocation prior to breaking the contig hint. The allocation and * boundary maps are updated accordingly if it confirms a valid * free area. * * RETURNS: * Allocated addr offset in @chunk on success. * -1 if no matching area is found. */ static int pcpu_alloc_area(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int alloc_bits, size_t align, int start) { struct pcpu_block_md *chunk_md = &chunk->chunk_md; size_t align_mask = (align) ? (align - 1) : 0; unsigned long area_off = 0, area_bits = 0; int bit_off, end, oslot; lockdep_assert_held(&pcpu_lock); oslot = pcpu_chunk_slot(chunk); /* * Search to find a fit. */ end = min_t(int, start + alloc_bits + PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS, pcpu_chunk_map_bits(chunk)); bit_off = pcpu_find_zero_area(chunk->alloc_map, end, start, alloc_bits, align_mask, &area_off, &area_bits); if (bit_off >= end) return -1; if (area_bits) pcpu_block_update_scan(chunk, area_off, area_bits); /* update alloc map */ bitmap_set(chunk->alloc_map, bit_off, alloc_bits); /* update boundary map */ set_bit(bit_off, chunk->bound_map); bitmap_clear(chunk->bound_map, bit_off + 1, alloc_bits - 1); set_bit(bit_off + alloc_bits, chunk->bound_map); chunk->free_bytes -= alloc_bits * PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE; /* update first free bit */ if (bit_off == chunk_md->first_free) chunk_md->first_free = find_next_zero_bit( chunk->alloc_map, pcpu_chunk_map_bits(chunk), bit_off + alloc_bits); pcpu_block_update_hint_alloc(chunk, bit_off, alloc_bits); pcpu_chunk_relocate(chunk, oslot); return bit_off * PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE; } /** * pcpu_free_area - frees the corresponding offset * @chunk: chunk of interest * @off: addr offset into chunk * * This function determines the size of an allocation to free using * the boundary bitmap and clears the allocation map. * * RETURNS: * Number of freed bytes. */ static int pcpu_free_area(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int off) { struct pcpu_block_md *chunk_md = &chunk->chunk_md; int bit_off, bits, end, oslot, freed; lockdep_assert_held(&pcpu_lock); pcpu_stats_area_dealloc(chunk); oslot = pcpu_chunk_slot(chunk); bit_off = off / PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE; /* find end index */ end = find_next_bit(chunk->bound_map, pcpu_chunk_map_bits(chunk), bit_off + 1); bits = end - bit_off; bitmap_clear(chunk->alloc_map, bit_off, bits); freed = bits * PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE; /* update metadata */ chunk->free_bytes += freed; /* update first free bit */ chunk_md->first_free = min(chunk_md->first_free, bit_off); pcpu_block_update_hint_free(chunk, bit_off, bits); pcpu_chunk_relocate(chunk, oslot); return freed; } static void pcpu_init_md_block(struct pcpu_block_md *block, int nr_bits) { block->scan_hint = 0; block->contig_hint = nr_bits; block->left_free = nr_bits; block->right_free = nr_bits; block->first_free = 0; block->nr_bits = nr_bits; } static void pcpu_init_md_blocks(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk) { struct pcpu_block_md *md_block; /* init the chunk's block */ pcpu_init_md_block(&chunk->chunk_md, pcpu_chunk_map_bits(chunk)); for (md_block = chunk->md_blocks; md_block != chunk->md_blocks + pcpu_chunk_nr_blocks(chunk); md_block++) pcpu_init_md_block(md_block, PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_BITS); } /** * pcpu_alloc_first_chunk - creates chunks that serve the first chunk * @tmp_addr: the start of the region served * @map_size: size of the region served * * This is responsible for creating the chunks that serve the first chunk. The * base_addr is page aligned down of @tmp_addr while the region end is page * aligned up. Offsets are kept track of to determine the region served. All * this is done to appease the bitmap allocator in avoiding partial blocks. * * RETURNS: * Chunk serving the region at @tmp_addr of @map_size. */ static struct pcpu_chunk * __init pcpu_alloc_first_chunk(unsigned long tmp_addr, int map_size) { struct pcpu_chunk *chunk; unsigned long aligned_addr, lcm_align; int start_offset, offset_bits, region_size, region_bits; size_t alloc_size; /* region calculations */ aligned_addr = tmp_addr & PAGE_MASK; start_offset = tmp_addr - aligned_addr; /* * Align the end of the region with the LCM of PAGE_SIZE and * PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_SIZE. One of these constants is a multiple of * the other. */ lcm_align = lcm(PAGE_SIZE, PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_SIZE); region_size = ALIGN(start_offset + map_size, lcm_align); /* allocate chunk */ alloc_size = struct_size(chunk, populated, BITS_TO_LONGS(region_size >> PAGE_SHIFT)); chunk = memblock_alloc(alloc_size, SMP_CACHE_BYTES); if (!chunk) panic("%s: Failed to allocate %zu bytes\n", __func__, alloc_size); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&chunk->list); chunk->base_addr = (void *)aligned_addr; chunk->start_offset = start_offset; chunk->end_offset = region_size - chunk->start_offset - map_size; chunk->nr_pages = region_size >> PAGE_SHIFT; region_bits = pcpu_chunk_map_bits(chunk); alloc_size = BITS_TO_LONGS(region_bits) * sizeof(chunk->alloc_map[0]); chunk->alloc_map = memblock_alloc(alloc_size, SMP_CACHE_BYTES); if (!chunk->alloc_map) panic("%s: Failed to allocate %zu bytes\n", __func__, alloc_size); alloc_size = BITS_TO_LONGS(region_bits + 1) * sizeof(chunk->bound_map[0]); chunk->bound_map = memblock_alloc(alloc_size, SMP_CACHE_BYTES); if (!chunk->bound_map) panic("%s: Failed to allocate %zu bytes\n", __func__, alloc_size); alloc_size = pcpu_chunk_nr_blocks(chunk) * sizeof(chunk->md_blocks[0]); chunk->md_blocks = memblock_alloc(alloc_size, SMP_CACHE_BYTES); if (!chunk->md_blocks) panic("%s: Failed to allocate %zu bytes\n", __func__, alloc_size); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM /* first chunk isn't memcg-aware */ chunk->obj_cgroups = NULL; #endif pcpu_init_md_blocks(chunk); /* manage populated page bitmap */ chunk->immutable = true; bitmap_fill(chunk->populated, chunk->nr_pages); chunk->nr_populated = chunk->nr_pages; chunk->nr_empty_pop_pages = chunk->nr_pages; chunk->free_bytes = map_size; if (chunk->start_offset) { /* hide the beginning of the bitmap */ offset_bits = chunk->start_offset / PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE; bitmap_set(chunk->alloc_map, 0, offset_bits); set_bit(0, chunk->bound_map); set_bit(offset_bits, chunk->bound_map); chunk->chunk_md.first_free = offset_bits; pcpu_block_update_hint_alloc(chunk, 0, offset_bits); } if (chunk->end_offset) { /* hide the end of the bitmap */ offset_bits = chunk->end_offset / PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE; bitmap_set(chunk->alloc_map, pcpu_chunk_map_bits(chunk) - offset_bits, offset_bits); set_bit((start_offset + map_size) / PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE, chunk->bound_map); set_bit(region_bits, chunk->bound_map); pcpu_block_update_hint_alloc(chunk, pcpu_chunk_map_bits(chunk) - offset_bits, offset_bits); } return chunk; } static struct pcpu_chunk *pcpu_alloc_chunk(enum pcpu_chunk_type type, gfp_t gfp) { struct pcpu_chunk *chunk; int region_bits; chunk = pcpu_mem_zalloc(pcpu_chunk_struct_size, gfp); if (!chunk) return NULL; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&chunk->list); chunk->nr_pages = pcpu_unit_pages; region_bits = pcpu_chunk_map_bits(chunk); chunk->alloc_map = pcpu_mem_zalloc(BITS_TO_LONGS(region_bits) * sizeof(chunk->alloc_map[0]), gfp); if (!chunk->alloc_map) goto alloc_map_fail; chunk->bound_map = pcpu_mem_zalloc(BITS_TO_LONGS(region_bits + 1) * sizeof(chunk->bound_map[0]), gfp); if (!chunk->bound_map) goto bound_map_fail; chunk->md_blocks = pcpu_mem_zalloc(pcpu_chunk_nr_blocks(chunk) * sizeof(chunk->md_blocks[0]), gfp); if (!chunk->md_blocks) goto md_blocks_fail; #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM if (pcpu_is_memcg_chunk(type)) { chunk->obj_cgroups = pcpu_mem_zalloc(pcpu_chunk_map_bits(chunk) * sizeof(struct obj_cgroup *), gfp); if (!chunk->obj_cgroups) goto objcg_fail; } #endif pcpu_init_md_blocks(chunk); /* init metadata */ chunk->free_bytes = chunk->nr_pages * PAGE_SIZE; return chunk; #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM objcg_fail: pcpu_mem_free(chunk->md_blocks); #endif md_blocks_fail: pcpu_mem_free(chunk->bound_map); bound_map_fail: pcpu_mem_free(chunk->alloc_map); alloc_map_fail: pcpu_mem_free(chunk); return NULL; } static void pcpu_free_chunk(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk) { if (!chunk) return; #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM pcpu_mem_free(chunk->obj_cgroups); #endif pcpu_mem_free(chunk->md_blocks); pcpu_mem_free(chunk->bound_map); pcpu_mem_free(chunk->alloc_map); pcpu_mem_free(chunk); } /** * pcpu_chunk_populated - post-population bookkeeping * @chunk: pcpu_chunk which got populated * @page_start: the start page * @page_end: the end page * * Pages in [@page_start,@page_end) have been populated to @chunk. Update * the bookkeeping information accordingly. Must be called after each * successful population. * * If this is @for_alloc, do not increment pcpu_nr_empty_pop_pages because it * is to serve an allocation in that area. */ static void pcpu_chunk_populated(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int page_start, int page_end) { int nr = page_end - page_start; lockdep_assert_held(&pcpu_lock); bitmap_set(chunk->populated, page_start, nr); chunk->nr_populated += nr; pcpu_nr_populated += nr; pcpu_update_empty_pages(chunk, nr); } /** * pcpu_chunk_depopulated - post-depopulation bookkeeping * @chunk: pcpu_chunk which got depopulated * @page_start: the start page * @page_end: the end page * * Pages in [@page_start,@page_end) have been depopulated from @chunk. * Update the bookkeeping information accordingly. Must be called after * each successful depopulation. */ static void pcpu_chunk_depopulated(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int page_start, int page_end) { int nr = page_end - page_start; lockdep_assert_held(&pcpu_lock); bitmap_clear(chunk->populated, page_start, nr); chunk->nr_populated -= nr; pcpu_nr_populated -= nr; pcpu_update_empty_pages(chunk, -nr); } /* * Chunk management implementation. * * To allow different implementations, chunk alloc/free and * [de]population are implemented in a separate file which is pulled * into this file and compiled together. The following functions * should be implemented. * * pcpu_populate_chunk - populate the specified range of a chunk * pcpu_depopulate_chunk - depopulate the specified range of a chunk * pcpu_create_chunk - create a new chunk * pcpu_destroy_chunk - destroy a chunk, always preceded by full depop * pcpu_addr_to_page - translate address to physical address * pcpu_verify_alloc_info - check alloc_info is acceptable during init */ static int pcpu_populate_chunk(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int page_start, int page_end, gfp_t gfp); static void pcpu_depopulate_chunk(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int page_start, int page_end); static struct pcpu_chunk *pcpu_create_chunk(enum pcpu_chunk_type type, gfp_t gfp); static void pcpu_destroy_chunk(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk); static struct page *pcpu_addr_to_page(void *addr); static int __init pcpu_verify_alloc_info(const struct pcpu_alloc_info *ai); #ifdef CONFIG_NEED_PER_CPU_KM #include "percpu-km.c" #else #include "percpu-vm.c" #endif /** * pcpu_chunk_addr_search - determine chunk containing specified address * @addr: address for which the chunk needs to be determined. * * This is an internal function that handles all but static allocations. * Static percpu address values should never be passed into the allocator. * * RETURNS: * The address of the found chunk. */ static struct pcpu_chunk *pcpu_chunk_addr_search(void *addr) { /* is it in the dynamic region (first chunk)? */ if (pcpu_addr_in_chunk(pcpu_first_chunk, addr)) return pcpu_first_chunk; /* is it in the reserved region? */ if (pcpu_addr_in_chunk(pcpu_reserved_chunk, addr)) return pcpu_reserved_chunk; /* * The address is relative to unit0 which might be unused and * thus unmapped. Offset the address to the unit space of the * current processor before looking it up in the vmalloc * space. Note that any possible cpu id can be used here, so * there's no need to worry about preemption or cpu hotplug. */ addr += pcpu_unit_offsets[raw_smp_processor_id()]; return pcpu_get_page_chunk(pcpu_addr_to_page(addr)); } #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM static enum pcpu_chunk_type pcpu_memcg_pre_alloc_hook(size_t size, gfp_t gfp, struct obj_cgroup **objcgp) { struct obj_cgroup *objcg; if (!memcg_kmem_enabled() || !(gfp & __GFP_ACCOUNT)) return PCPU_CHUNK_ROOT; objcg = get_obj_cgroup_from_current(); if (!objcg) return PCPU_CHUNK_ROOT; if (obj_cgroup_charge(objcg, gfp, size * num_possible_cpus())) { obj_cgroup_put(objcg); return PCPU_FAIL_ALLOC; } *objcgp = objcg; return PCPU_CHUNK_MEMCG; } static void pcpu_memcg_post_alloc_hook(struct obj_cgroup *objcg, struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int off, size_t size) { if (!objcg) return; if (chunk) { chunk->obj_cgroups[off >> PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SHIFT] = objcg; rcu_read_lock(); mod_memcg_state(obj_cgroup_memcg(objcg), MEMCG_PERCPU_B, size * num_possible_cpus()); rcu_read_unlock(); } else { obj_cgroup_uncharge(objcg, size * num_possible_cpus()); obj_cgroup_put(objcg); } } static void pcpu_memcg_free_hook(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int off, size_t size) { struct obj_cgroup *objcg; if (!pcpu_is_memcg_chunk(pcpu_chunk_type(chunk))) return; objcg = chunk->obj_cgroups[off >> PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SHIFT]; chunk->obj_cgroups[off >> PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SHIFT] = NULL; obj_cgroup_uncharge(objcg, size * num_possible_cpus()); rcu_read_lock(); mod_memcg_state(obj_cgroup_memcg(objcg), MEMCG_PERCPU_B, -(size * num_possible_cpus())); rcu_read_unlock(); obj_cgroup_put(objcg); } #else /* CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM */ static enum pcpu_chunk_type pcpu_memcg_pre_alloc_hook(size_t size, gfp_t gfp, struct obj_cgroup **objcgp) { return PCPU_CHUNK_ROOT; } static void pcpu_memcg_post_alloc_hook(struct obj_cgroup *objcg, struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int off, size_t size) { } static void pcpu_memcg_free_hook(struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, int off, size_t size) { } #endif /* CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM */ /** * pcpu_alloc - the percpu allocator * @size: size of area to allocate in bytes * @align: alignment of area (max PAGE_SIZE) * @reserved: allocate from the reserved chunk if available * @gfp: allocation flags * * Allocate percpu area of @size bytes aligned at @align. If @gfp doesn't * contain %GFP_KERNEL, the allocation is atomic. If @gfp has __GFP_NOWARN * then no warning will be triggered on invalid or failed allocation * requests. * * RETURNS: * Percpu pointer to the allocated area on success, NULL on failure. */ static void __percpu *pcpu_alloc(size_t size, size_t align, bool reserved, gfp_t gfp) { gfp_t pcpu_gfp; bool is_atomic; bool do_warn; enum pcpu_chunk_type type; struct list_head *pcpu_slot; struct obj_cgroup *objcg = NULL; static int warn_limit = 10; struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, *next; const char *err; int slot, off, cpu, ret; unsigned long flags; void __percpu *ptr; size_t bits, bit_align; gfp = current_gfp_context(gfp); /* whitelisted flags that can be passed to the backing allocators */ pcpu_gfp = gfp & (GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NORETRY | __GFP_NOWARN); is_atomic = (gfp & GFP_KERNEL) != GFP_KERNEL; do_warn = !(gfp & __GFP_NOWARN); /* * There is now a minimum allocation size of PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE, * therefore alignment must be a minimum of that many bytes. * An allocation may have internal fragmentation from rounding up * of up to PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE - 1 bytes. */ if (unlikely(align < PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE)) align = PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE; size = ALIGN(size, PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE); bits = size >> PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SHIFT; bit_align = align >> PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SHIFT; if (unlikely(!size || size > PCPU_MIN_UNIT_SIZE || align > PAGE_SIZE || !is_power_of_2(align))) { WARN(do_warn, "illegal size (%zu) or align (%zu) for percpu allocation\n", size, align); return NULL; } type = pcpu_memcg_pre_alloc_hook(size, gfp, &objcg); if (unlikely(type == PCPU_FAIL_ALLOC)) return NULL; pcpu_slot = pcpu_chunk_list(type); if (!is_atomic) { /* * pcpu_balance_workfn() allocates memory under this mutex, * and it may wait for memory reclaim. Allow current task * to become OOM victim, in case of memory pressure. */ if (gfp & __GFP_NOFAIL) { mutex_lock(&pcpu_alloc_mutex); } else if (mutex_lock_killable(&pcpu_alloc_mutex)) { pcpu_memcg_post_alloc_hook(objcg, NULL, 0, size); return NULL; } } spin_lock_irqsave(&pcpu_lock, flags); /* serve reserved allocations from the reserved chunk if available */ if (reserved && pcpu_reserved_chunk) { chunk = pcpu_reserved_chunk; off = pcpu_find_block_fit(chunk, bits, bit_align, is_atomic); if (off < 0) { err = "alloc from reserved chunk failed"; goto fail_unlock; } off = pcpu_alloc_area(chunk, bits, bit_align, off); if (off >= 0) goto area_found; err = "alloc from reserved chunk failed"; goto fail_unlock; } restart: /* search through normal chunks */ for (slot = pcpu_size_to_slot(size); slot < pcpu_nr_slots; slot++) { list_for_each_entry_safe(chunk, next, &pcpu_slot[slot], list) { off = pcpu_find_block_fit(chunk, bits, bit_align, is_atomic); if (off < 0) { if (slot < PCPU_SLOT_FAIL_THRESHOLD) pcpu_chunk_move(chunk, 0); continue; } off = pcpu_alloc_area(chunk, bits, bit_align, off); if (off >= 0) goto area_found; } } spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pcpu_lock, flags); /* * No space left. Create a new chunk. We don't want multiple * tasks to create chunks simultaneously. Serialize and create iff * there's still no empty chunk after grabbing the mutex. */ if (is_atomic) { err = "atomic alloc failed, no space left"; goto fail; } if (list_empty(&pcpu_slot[pcpu_nr_slots - 1])) { chunk = pcpu_create_chunk(type, pcpu_gfp); if (!chunk) { err = "failed to allocate new chunk"; goto fail; } spin_lock_irqsave(&pcpu_lock, flags); pcpu_chunk_relocate(chunk, -1); } else { spin_lock_irqsave(&pcpu_lock, flags); } goto restart; area_found: pcpu_stats_area_alloc(chunk, size); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pcpu_lock, flags); /* populate if not all pages are already there */ if (!is_atomic) { unsigned int page_start, page_end, rs, re; page_start = PFN_DOWN(off); page_end = PFN_UP(off + size); bitmap_for_each_clear_region(chunk->populated, rs, re, page_start, page_end) { WARN_ON(chunk->immutable); ret = pcpu_populate_chunk(chunk, rs, re, pcpu_gfp); spin_lock_irqsave(&pcpu_lock, flags); if (ret) { pcpu_free_area(chunk, off); err = "failed to populate"; goto fail_unlock; } pcpu_chunk_populated(chunk, rs, re); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pcpu_lock, flags); } mutex_unlock(&pcpu_alloc_mutex); } if (pcpu_nr_empty_pop_pages[type] < PCPU_EMPTY_POP_PAGES_LOW) pcpu_schedule_balance_work(); /* clear the areas and return address relative to base address */ for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) memset((void *)pcpu_chunk_addr(chunk, cpu, 0) + off, 0, size); ptr = __addr_to_pcpu_ptr(chunk->base_addr + off); kmemleak_alloc_percpu(ptr, size, gfp); trace_percpu_alloc_percpu(reserved, is_atomic, size, align, chunk->base_addr, off, ptr); pcpu_memcg_post_alloc_hook(objcg, chunk, off, size); return ptr; fail_unlock: spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pcpu_lock, flags); fail: trace_percpu_alloc_percpu_fail(reserved, is_atomic, size, align); if (!is_atomic && do_warn && warn_limit) { pr_warn("allocation failed, size=%zu align=%zu atomic=%d, %s\n", size, align, is_atomic, err); dump_stack(); if (!--warn_limit) pr_info("limit reached, disable warning\n"); } if (is_atomic) { /* see the flag handling in pcpu_blance_workfn() */ pcpu_atomic_alloc_failed = true; pcpu_schedule_balance_work(); } else { mutex_unlock(&pcpu_alloc_mutex); } pcpu_memcg_post_alloc_hook(objcg, NULL, 0, size); return NULL; } /** * __alloc_percpu_gfp - allocate dynamic percpu area * @size: size of area to allocate in bytes * @align: alignment of area (max PAGE_SIZE) * @gfp: allocation flags * * Allocate zero-filled percpu area of @size bytes aligned at @align. If * @gfp doesn't contain %GFP_KERNEL, the allocation doesn't block and can * be called from any context but is a lot more likely to fail. If @gfp * has __GFP_NOWARN then no warning will be triggered on invalid or failed * allocation requests. * * RETURNS: * Percpu pointer to the allocated area on success, NULL on failure. */ void __percpu *__alloc_percpu_gfp(size_t size, size_t align, gfp_t gfp) { return pcpu_alloc(size, align, false, gfp); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__alloc_percpu_gfp); /** * __alloc_percpu - allocate dynamic percpu area * @size: size of area to allocate in bytes * @align: alignment of area (max PAGE_SIZE) * * Equivalent to __alloc_percpu_gfp(size, align, %GFP_KERNEL). */ void __percpu *__alloc_percpu(size_t size, size_t align) { return pcpu_alloc(size, align, false, GFP_KERNEL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__alloc_percpu); /** * __alloc_reserved_percpu - allocate reserved percpu area * @size: size of area to allocate in bytes * @align: alignment of area (max PAGE_SIZE) * * Allocate zero-filled percpu area of @size bytes aligned at @align * from reserved percpu area if arch has set it up; otherwise, * allocation is served from the same dynamic area. Might sleep. * Might trigger writeouts. * * CONTEXT: * Does GFP_KERNEL allocation. * * RETURNS: * Percpu pointer to the allocated area on success, NULL on failure. */ void __percpu *__alloc_reserved_percpu(size_t size, size_t align) { return pcpu_alloc(size, align, true, GFP_KERNEL); } /** * __pcpu_balance_workfn - manage the amount of free chunks and populated pages * @type: chunk type * * Reclaim all fully free chunks except for the first one. This is also * responsible for maintaining the pool of empty populated pages. However, * it is possible that this is called when physical memory is scarce causing * OOM killer to be triggered. We should avoid doing so until an actual * allocation causes the failure as it is possible that requests can be * serviced from already backed regions. */ static void __pcpu_balance_workfn(enum pcpu_chunk_type type) { /* gfp flags passed to underlying allocators */ const gfp_t gfp = GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NORETRY | __GFP_NOWARN; LIST_HEAD(to_free); struct list_head *pcpu_slot = pcpu_chunk_list(type); struct list_head *free_head = &pcpu_slot[pcpu_nr_slots - 1]; struct pcpu_chunk *chunk, *next; int slot, nr_to_pop, ret; /* * There's no reason to keep around multiple unused chunks and VM * areas can be scarce. Destroy all free chunks except for one. */ mutex_lock(&pcpu_alloc_mutex); spin_lock_irq(&pcpu_lock); list_for_each_entry_safe(chunk, next, free_head, list) { WARN_ON(chunk->immutable); /* spare the first one */ if (chunk == list_first_entry(free_head, struct pcpu_chunk, list)) continue; list_move(&chunk->list, &to_free); } spin_unlock_irq(&pcpu_lock); list_for_each_entry_safe(chunk, next, &to_free, list) { unsigned int rs, re; bitmap_for_each_set_region(chunk->populated, rs, re, 0, chunk->nr_pages) { pcpu_depopulate_chunk(chunk, rs, re); spin_lock_irq(&pcpu_lock); pcpu_chunk_depopulated(chunk, rs, re); spin_unlock_irq(&pcpu_lock); } pcpu_destroy_chunk(chunk); cond_resched(); } /* * Ensure there are certain number of free populated pages for * atomic allocs. Fill up from the most packed so that atomic * allocs don't increase fragmentation. If atomic allocation * failed previously, always populate the maximum amount. This * should prevent atomic allocs larger than PAGE_SIZE from keeping * failing indefinitely; however, large atomic allocs are not * something we support properly and can be highly unreliable and * inefficient. */ retry_pop: if (pcpu_atomic_alloc_failed) { nr_to_pop = PCPU_EMPTY_POP_PAGES_HIGH; /* best effort anyway, don't worry about synchronization */ pcpu_atomic_alloc_failed = false; } else { nr_to_pop = clamp(PCPU_EMPTY_POP_PAGES_HIGH - pcpu_nr_empty_pop_pages[type], 0, PCPU_EMPTY_POP_PAGES_HIGH); } for (slot = pcpu_size_to_slot(PAGE_SIZE); slot < pcpu_nr_slots; slot++) { unsigned int nr_unpop = 0, rs, re; if (!nr_to_pop) break; spin_lock_irq(&pcpu_lock); list_for_each_entry(chunk, &pcpu_slot[slot], list) { nr_unpop = chunk->nr_pages - chunk->nr_populated; if (nr_unpop) break; } spin_unlock_irq(&pcpu_lock); if (!nr_unpop) continue; /* @chunk can't go away while pcpu_alloc_mutex is held */ bitmap_for_each_clear_region(chunk->populated, rs, re, 0, chunk->nr_pages) { int nr = min_t(int, re - rs, nr_to_pop); ret = pcpu_populate_chunk(chunk, rs, rs + nr, gfp); if (!ret) { nr_to_pop -= nr; spin_lock_irq(&pcpu_lock); pcpu_chunk_populated(chunk, rs, rs + nr); spin_unlock_irq(&pcpu_lock); } else { nr_to_pop = 0; } if (!nr_to_pop) break; } } if (nr_to_pop) { /* ran out of chunks to populate, create a new one and retry */ chunk = pcpu_create_chunk(type, gfp); if (chunk) { spin_lock_irq(&pcpu_lock); pcpu_chunk_relocate(chunk, -1); spin_unlock_irq(&pcpu_lock); goto retry_pop; } } mutex_unlock(&pcpu_alloc_mutex); } /** * pcpu_balance_workfn - manage the amount of free chunks and populated pages * @work: unused * * Call __pcpu_balance_workfn() for each chunk type. */ static void pcpu_balance_workfn(struct work_struct *work) { enum pcpu_chunk_type type; for (type = 0; type < PCPU_NR_CHUNK_TYPES; type++) __pcpu_balance_workfn(type); } /** * free_percpu - free percpu area * @ptr: pointer to area to free * * Free percpu area @ptr. * * CONTEXT: * Can be called from atomic context. */ void free_percpu(void __percpu *ptr) { void *addr; struct pcpu_chunk *chunk; unsigned long flags; int size, off; bool need_balance = false; struct list_head *pcpu_slot; if (!ptr) return; kmemleak_free_percpu(ptr); addr = __pcpu_ptr_to_addr(ptr); spin_lock_irqsave(&pcpu_lock, flags); chunk = pcpu_chunk_addr_search(addr); off = addr - chunk->base_addr; size = pcpu_free_area(chunk, off); pcpu_slot = pcpu_chunk_list(pcpu_chunk_type(chunk)); pcpu_memcg_free_hook(chunk, off, size); /* if there are more than one fully free chunks, wake up grim reaper */ if (chunk->free_bytes == pcpu_unit_size) { struct pcpu_chunk *pos; list_for_each_entry(pos, &pcpu_slot[pcpu_nr_slots - 1], list) if (pos != chunk) { need_balance = true; break; } } trace_percpu_free_percpu(chunk->base_addr, off, ptr); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pcpu_lock, flags); if (need_balance) pcpu_schedule_balance_work(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(free_percpu); bool __is_kernel_percpu_address(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *can_addr) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP const size_t static_size = __per_cpu_end - __per_cpu_start; void __percpu *base = __addr_to_pcpu_ptr(pcpu_base_addr); unsigned int cpu; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { void *start = per_cpu_ptr(base, cpu); void *va = (void *)addr; if (va >= start && va < start + static_size) { if (can_addr) { *can_addr = (unsigned long) (va - start); *can_addr += (unsigned long) per_cpu_ptr(base, get_boot_cpu_id()); } return true; } } #endif /* on UP, can't distinguish from other static vars, always false */ return false; } /** * is_kernel_percpu_address - test whether address is from static percpu area * @addr: address to test * * Test whether @addr belongs to in-kernel static percpu area. Module * static percpu areas are not considered. For those, use * is_module_percpu_address(). * * RETURNS: * %true if @addr is from in-kernel static percpu area, %false otherwise. */ bool is_kernel_percpu_address(unsigned long addr) { return __is_kernel_percpu_address(addr, NULL); } /** * per_cpu_ptr_to_phys - convert translated percpu address to physical address * @addr: the address to be converted to physical address * * Given @addr which is dereferenceable address obtained via one of * percpu access macros, this function translates it into its physical * address. The caller is responsible for ensuring @addr stays valid * until this function finishes. * * percpu allocator has special setup for the first chunk, which currently * supports either embedding in linear address space or vmalloc mapping, * and, from the second one, the backing allocator (currently either vm or * km) provides translation. * * The addr can be translated simply without checking if it falls into the * first chunk. But the current code reflects better how percpu allocator * actually works, and the verification can discover both bugs in percpu * allocator itself and per_cpu_ptr_to_phys() callers. So we keep current * code. * * RETURNS: * The physical address for @addr. */ phys_addr_t per_cpu_ptr_to_phys(void *addr) { void __percpu *base = __addr_to_pcpu_ptr(pcpu_base_addr); bool in_first_chunk = false; unsigned long first_low, first_high; unsigned int cpu; /* * The following test on unit_low/high isn't strictly * necessary but will speed up lookups of addresses which * aren't in the first chunk. * * The address check is against full chunk sizes. pcpu_base_addr * points to the beginning of the first chunk including the * static region. Assumes good intent as the first chunk may * not be full (ie. < pcpu_unit_pages in size). */ first_low = (unsigned long)pcpu_base_addr + pcpu_unit_page_offset(pcpu_low_unit_cpu, 0); first_high = (unsigned long)pcpu_base_addr + pcpu_unit_page_offset(pcpu_high_unit_cpu, pcpu_unit_pages); if ((unsigned long)addr >= first_low && (unsigned long)addr < first_high) { for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { void *start = per_cpu_ptr(base, cpu); if (addr >= start && addr < start + pcpu_unit_size) { in_first_chunk = true; break; } } } if (in_first_chunk) { if (!is_vmalloc_addr(addr)) return __pa(addr); else return page_to_phys(vmalloc_to_page(addr)) + offset_in_page(addr); } else return page_to_phys(pcpu_addr_to_page(addr)) + offset_in_page(addr); } /** * pcpu_alloc_alloc_info - allocate percpu allocation info * @nr_groups: the number of groups * @nr_units: the number of units * * Allocate ai which is large enough for @nr_groups groups containing * @nr_units units. The returned ai's groups[0].cpu_map points to the * cpu_map array which is long enough for @nr_units and filled with * NR_CPUS. It's the caller's responsibility to initialize cpu_map * pointer of other groups. * * RETURNS: * Pointer to the allocated pcpu_alloc_info on success, NULL on * failure. */ struct pcpu_alloc_info * __init pcpu_alloc_alloc_info(int nr_groups, int nr_units) { struct pcpu_alloc_info *ai; size_t base_size, ai_size; void *ptr; int unit; base_size = ALIGN(struct_size(ai, groups, nr_groups), __alignof__(ai->groups[0].cpu_map[0])); ai_size = base_size + nr_units * sizeof(ai->groups[0].cpu_map[0]); ptr = memblock_alloc(PFN_ALIGN(ai_size), PAGE_SIZE); if (!ptr) return NULL; ai = ptr; ptr += base_size; ai->groups[0].cpu_map = ptr; for (unit = 0; unit < nr_units; unit++) ai->groups[0].cpu_map[unit] = NR_CPUS; ai->nr_groups = nr_groups; ai->__ai_size = PFN_ALIGN(ai_size); return ai; } /** * pcpu_free_alloc_info - free percpu allocation info * @ai: pcpu_alloc_info to free * * Free @ai which was allocated by pcpu_alloc_alloc_info(). */ void __init pcpu_free_alloc_info(struct pcpu_alloc_info *ai) { memblock_free_early(__pa(ai), ai->__ai_size); } /** * pcpu_dump_alloc_info - print out information about pcpu_alloc_info * @lvl: loglevel * @ai: allocation info to dump * * Print out information about @ai using loglevel @lvl. */ static void pcpu_dump_alloc_info(const char *lvl, const struct pcpu_alloc_info *ai) { int group_width = 1, cpu_width = 1, width; char empty_str[] = "--------"; int alloc = 0, alloc_end = 0; int group, v; int upa, apl; /* units per alloc, allocs per line */ v = ai->nr_groups; while (v /= 10) group_width++; v = num_possible_cpus(); while (v /= 10) cpu_width++; empty_str[min_t(int, cpu_width, sizeof(empty_str) - 1)] = '\0'; upa = ai->alloc_size / ai->unit_size; width = upa * (cpu_width + 1) + group_width + 3; apl = rounddown_pow_of_two(max(60 / width, 1)); printk("%spcpu-alloc: s%zu r%zu d%zu u%zu alloc=%zu*%zu", lvl, ai->static_size, ai->reserved_size, ai->dyn_size, ai->unit_size, ai->alloc_size / ai->atom_size, ai->atom_size); for (group = 0; group < ai->nr_groups; group++) { const struct pcpu_group_info *gi = &ai->groups[group]; int unit = 0, unit_end = 0; BUG_ON(gi->nr_units % upa); for (alloc_end += gi->nr_units / upa; alloc < alloc_end; alloc++) { if (!(alloc % apl)) { pr_cont("\n"); printk("%spcpu-alloc: ", lvl); } pr_cont("[%0*d] ", group_width, group); for (unit_end += upa; unit < unit_end; unit++) if (gi->cpu_map[unit] != NR_CPUS) pr_cont("%0*d ", cpu_width, gi->cpu_map[unit]); else pr_cont("%s ", empty_str); } } pr_cont("\n"); } /** * pcpu_setup_first_chunk - initialize the first percpu chunk * @ai: pcpu_alloc_info describing how to percpu area is shaped * @base_addr: mapped address * * Initialize the first percpu chunk which contains the kernel static * percpu area. This function is to be called from arch percpu area * setup path. * * @ai contains all information necessary to initialize the first * chunk and prime the dynamic percpu allocator. * * @ai->static_size is the size of static percpu area. * * @ai->reserved_size, if non-zero, specifies the amount of bytes to * reserve after the static area in the first chunk. This reserves * the first chunk such that it's available only through reserved * percpu allocation. This is primarily used to serve module percpu * static areas on architectures where the addressing model has * limited offset range for symbol relocations to guarantee module * percpu symbols fall inside the relocatable range. * * @ai->dyn_size determines the number of bytes available for dynamic * allocation in the first chunk. The area between @ai->static_size + * @ai->reserved_size + @ai->dyn_size and @ai->unit_size is unused. * * @ai->unit_size specifies unit size and must be aligned to PAGE_SIZE * and equal to or larger than @ai->static_size + @ai->reserved_size + * @ai->dyn_size. * * @ai->atom_size is the allocation atom size and used as alignment * for vm areas. * * @ai->alloc_size is the allocation size and always multiple of * @ai->atom_size. This is larger than @ai->atom_size if * @ai->unit_size is larger than @ai->atom_size. * * @ai->nr_groups and @ai->groups describe virtual memory layout of * percpu areas. Units which should be colocated are put into the * same group. Dynamic VM areas will be allocated according to these * groupings. If @ai->nr_groups is zero, a single group containing * all units is assumed. * * The caller should have mapped the first chunk at @base_addr and * copied static data to each unit. * * The first chunk will always contain a static and a dynamic region. * However, the static region is not managed by any chunk. If the first * chunk also contains a reserved region, it is served by two chunks - * one for the reserved region and one for the dynamic region. They * share the same vm, but use offset regions in the area allocation map. * The chunk serving the dynamic region is circulated in the chunk slots * and available for dynamic allocation like any other chunk. */ void __init pcpu_setup_first_chunk(const struct pcpu_alloc_info *ai, void *base_addr) { size_t size_sum = ai->static_size + ai->reserved_size + ai->dyn_size; size_t static_size, dyn_size; struct pcpu_chunk *chunk; unsigned long *group_offsets; size_t *group_sizes; unsigned long *unit_off; unsigned int cpu; int *unit_map; int group, unit, i; int map_size; unsigned long tmp_addr; size_t alloc_size; enum pcpu_chunk_type type; #define PCPU_SETUP_BUG_ON(cond) do { \ if (unlikely(cond)) { \ pr_emerg("failed to initialize, %s\n", #cond); \ pr_emerg("cpu_possible_mask=%*pb\n", \ cpumask_pr_args(cpu_possible_mask)); \ pcpu_dump_alloc_info(KERN_EMERG, ai); \ BUG(); \ } \ } while (0) /* sanity checks */ PCPU_SETUP_BUG_ON(ai->nr_groups <= 0); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP PCPU_SETUP_BUG_ON(!ai->static_size); PCPU_SETUP_BUG_ON(offset_in_page(__per_cpu_start)); #endif PCPU_SETUP_BUG_ON(!base_addr); PCPU_SETUP_BUG_ON(offset_in_page(base_addr)); PCPU_SETUP_BUG_ON(ai->unit_size < size_sum); PCPU_SETUP_BUG_ON(offset_in_page(ai->unit_size)); PCPU_SETUP_BUG_ON(ai->unit_size < PCPU_MIN_UNIT_SIZE); PCPU_SETUP_BUG_ON(!IS_ALIGNED(ai->unit_size, PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_SIZE)); PCPU_SETUP_BUG_ON(ai->dyn_size < PERCPU_DYNAMIC_EARLY_SIZE); PCPU_SETUP_BUG_ON(!ai->dyn_size); PCPU_SETUP_BUG_ON(!IS_ALIGNED(ai->reserved_size, PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE)); PCPU_SETUP_BUG_ON(!(IS_ALIGNED(PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_SIZE, PAGE_SIZE) || IS_ALIGNED(PAGE_SIZE, PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_SIZE))); PCPU_SETUP_BUG_ON(pcpu_verify_alloc_info(ai) < 0); /* process group information and build config tables accordingly */ alloc_size = ai->nr_groups * sizeof(group_offsets[0]); group_offsets = memblock_alloc(alloc_size, SMP_CACHE_BYTES); if (!group_offsets) panic("%s: Failed to allocate %zu bytes\n", __func__, alloc_size); alloc_size = ai->nr_groups * sizeof(group_sizes[0]); group_sizes = memblock_alloc(alloc_size, SMP_CACHE_BYTES); if (!group_sizes) panic("%s: Failed to allocate %zu bytes\n", __func__, alloc_size); alloc_size = nr_cpu_ids * sizeof(unit_map[0]); unit_map = memblock_alloc(alloc_size, SMP_CACHE_BYTES); if (!unit_map) panic("%s: Failed to allocate %zu bytes\n", __func__, alloc_size); alloc_size = nr_cpu_ids * sizeof(unit_off[0]); unit_off = memblock_alloc(alloc_size, SMP_CACHE_BYTES); if (!unit_off) panic("%s: Failed to allocate %zu bytes\n", __func__, alloc_size); for (cpu = 0; cpu < nr_cpu_ids; cpu++) unit_map[cpu] = UINT_MAX; pcpu_low_unit_cpu = NR_CPUS; pcpu_high_unit_cpu = NR_CPUS; for (group = 0, unit = 0; group < ai->nr_groups; group++, unit += i) { const struct pcpu_group_info *gi = &ai->groups[group]; group_offsets[group] = gi->base_offset; group_sizes[group] = gi->nr_units * ai->unit_size; for (i = 0; i < gi->nr_units; i++) { cpu = gi->cpu_map[i]; if (cpu == NR_CPUS) continue; PCPU_SETUP_BUG_ON(cpu >= nr_cpu_ids); PCPU_SETUP_BUG_ON(!cpu_possible(cpu)); PCPU_SETUP_BUG_ON(unit_map[cpu] != UINT_MAX); unit_map[cpu] = unit + i; unit_off[cpu] = gi->base_offset + i * ai->unit_size; /* determine low/high unit_cpu */ if (pcpu_low_unit_cpu == NR_CPUS || unit_off[cpu] < unit_off[pcpu_low_unit_cpu]) pcpu_low_unit_cpu = cpu; if (pcpu_high_unit_cpu == NR_CPUS || unit_off[cpu] > unit_off[pcpu_high_unit_cpu]) pcpu_high_unit_cpu = cpu; } } pcpu_nr_units = unit; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) PCPU_SETUP_BUG_ON(unit_map[cpu] == UINT_MAX); /* we're done parsing the input, undefine BUG macro and dump config */ #undef PCPU_SETUP_BUG_ON pcpu_dump_alloc_info(KERN_DEBUG, ai); pcpu_nr_groups = ai->nr_groups; pcpu_group_offsets = group_offsets; pcpu_group_sizes = group_sizes; pcpu_unit_map = unit_map; pcpu_unit_offsets = unit_off; /* determine basic parameters */ pcpu_unit_pages = ai->unit_size >> PAGE_SHIFT; pcpu_unit_size = pcpu_unit_pages << PAGE_SHIFT; pcpu_atom_size = ai->atom_size; pcpu_chunk_struct_size = struct_size(chunk, populated, BITS_TO_LONGS(pcpu_unit_pages)); pcpu_stats_save_ai(ai); /* * Allocate chunk slots. The additional last slot is for * empty chunks. */ pcpu_nr_slots = __pcpu_size_to_slot(pcpu_unit_size) + 2; pcpu_chunk_lists = memblock_alloc(pcpu_nr_slots * sizeof(pcpu_chunk_lists[0]) * PCPU_NR_CHUNK_TYPES, SMP_CACHE_BYTES); if (!pcpu_chunk_lists) panic("%s: Failed to allocate %zu bytes\n", __func__, pcpu_nr_slots * sizeof(pcpu_chunk_lists[0]) * PCPU_NR_CHUNK_TYPES); for (type = 0; type < PCPU_NR_CHUNK_TYPES; type++) for (i = 0; i < pcpu_nr_slots; i++) INIT_LIST_HEAD(&pcpu_chunk_list(type)[i]); /* * The end of the static region needs to be aligned with the * minimum allocation size as this offsets the reserved and * dynamic region. The first chunk ends page aligned by * expanding the dynamic region, therefore the dynamic region * can be shrunk to compensate while still staying above the * configured sizes. */ static_size = ALIGN(ai->static_size, PCPU_MIN_ALLOC_SIZE); dyn_size = ai->dyn_size - (static_size - ai->static_size); /* * Initialize first chunk. * If the reserved_size is non-zero, this initializes the reserved * chunk. If the reserved_size is zero, the reserved chunk is NULL * and the dynamic region is initialized here. The first chunk, * pcpu_first_chunk, will always point to the chunk that serves * the dynamic region. */ tmp_addr = (unsigned long)base_addr + static_size; map_size = ai->reserved_size ?: dyn_size; chunk = pcpu_alloc_first_chunk(tmp_addr, map_size); /* init dynamic chunk if necessary */ if (ai->reserved_size) { pcpu_reserved_chunk = chunk; tmp_addr = (unsigned long)base_addr + static_size + ai->reserved_size; map_size = dyn_size; chunk = pcpu_alloc_first_chunk(tmp_addr, map_size); } /* link the first chunk in */ pcpu_first_chunk = chunk; pcpu_nr_empty_pop_pages[PCPU_CHUNK_ROOT] = pcpu_first_chunk->nr_empty_pop_pages; pcpu_chunk_relocate(pcpu_first_chunk, -1); /* include all regions of the first chunk */ pcpu_nr_populated += PFN_DOWN(size_sum); pcpu_stats_chunk_alloc(); trace_percpu_create_chunk(base_addr); /* we're done */ pcpu_base_addr = base_addr; } #ifdef CONFIG_SMP const char * const pcpu_fc_names[PCPU_FC_NR] __initconst = { [PCPU_FC_AUTO] = "auto", [PCPU_FC_EMBED] = "embed", [PCPU_FC_PAGE] = "page", }; enum pcpu_fc pcpu_chosen_fc __initdata = PCPU_FC_AUTO; static int __init percpu_alloc_setup(char *str) { if (!str) return -EINVAL; if (0) /* nada */; #ifdef CONFIG_NEED_PER_CPU_EMBED_FIRST_CHUNK else if (!strcmp(str, "embed")) pcpu_chosen_fc = PCPU_FC_EMBED; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NEED_PER_CPU_PAGE_FIRST_CHUNK else if (!strcmp(str, "page")) pcpu_chosen_fc = PCPU_FC_PAGE; #endif else pr_warn("unknown allocator %s specified\n", str); return 0; } early_param("percpu_alloc", percpu_alloc_setup); /* * pcpu_embed_first_chunk() is used by the generic percpu setup. * Build it if needed by the arch config or the generic setup is going * to be used. */ #if defined(CONFIG_NEED_PER_CPU_EMBED_FIRST_CHUNK) || \ !defined(CONFIG_HAVE_SETUP_PER_CPU_AREA) #define BUILD_EMBED_FIRST_CHUNK #endif /* build pcpu_page_first_chunk() iff needed by the arch config */ #if defined(CONFIG_NEED_PER_CPU_PAGE_FIRST_CHUNK) #define BUILD_PAGE_FIRST_CHUNK #endif /* pcpu_build_alloc_info() is used by both embed and page first chunk */ #if defined(BUILD_EMBED_FIRST_CHUNK) || defined(BUILD_PAGE_FIRST_CHUNK) /** * pcpu_build_alloc_info - build alloc_info considering distances between CPUs * @reserved_size: the size of reserved percpu area in bytes * @dyn_size: minimum free size for dynamic allocation in bytes * @atom_size: allocation atom size * @cpu_distance_fn: callback to determine distance between cpus, optional * * This function determines grouping of units, their mappings to cpus * and other parameters considering needed percpu size, allocation * atom size and distances between CPUs. * * Groups are always multiples of atom size and CPUs which are of * LOCAL_DISTANCE both ways are grouped together and share space for * units in the same group. The returned configuration is guaranteed * to have CPUs on different nodes on different groups and >=75% usage * of allocated virtual address space. * * RETURNS: * On success, pointer to the new allocation_info is returned. On * failure, ERR_PTR value is returned. */ static struct pcpu_alloc_info * __init pcpu_build_alloc_info( size_t reserved_size, size_t dyn_size, size_t atom_size, pcpu_fc_cpu_distance_fn_t cpu_distance_fn) { static int group_map[NR_CPUS] __initdata; static int group_cnt[NR_CPUS] __initdata; const size_t static_size = __per_cpu_end - __per_cpu_start; int nr_groups = 1, nr_units = 0; size_t size_sum, min_unit_size, alloc_size; int upa, max_upa, best_upa; /* units_per_alloc */ int last_allocs, group, unit; unsigned int cpu, tcpu; struct pcpu_alloc_info *ai; unsigned int *cpu_map; /* this function may be called multiple times */ memset(group_map, 0, sizeof(group_map)); memset(group_cnt, 0, sizeof(group_cnt)); /* calculate size_sum and ensure dyn_size is enough for early alloc */ size_sum = PFN_ALIGN(static_size + reserved_size + max_t(size_t, dyn_size, PERCPU_DYNAMIC_EARLY_SIZE)); dyn_size = size_sum - static_size - reserved_size; /* * Determine min_unit_size, alloc_size and max_upa such that * alloc_size is multiple of atom_size and is the smallest * which can accommodate 4k aligned segments which are equal to * or larger than min_unit_size. */ min_unit_size = max_t(size_t, size_sum, PCPU_MIN_UNIT_SIZE); /* determine the maximum # of units that can fit in an allocation */ alloc_size = roundup(min_unit_size, atom_size); upa = alloc_size / min_unit_size; while (alloc_size % upa || (offset_in_page(alloc_size / upa))) upa--; max_upa = upa; /* group cpus according to their proximity */ for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { group = 0; next_group: for_each_possible_cpu(tcpu) { if (cpu == tcpu) break; if (group_map[tcpu] == group && cpu_distance_fn && (cpu_distance_fn(cpu, tcpu) > LOCAL_DISTANCE || cpu_distance_fn(tcpu, cpu) > LOCAL_DISTANCE)) { group++; nr_groups = max(nr_groups, group + 1); goto next_group; } } group_map[cpu] = group; group_cnt[group]++; } /* * Wasted space is caused by a ratio imbalance of upa to group_cnt. * Expand the unit_size until we use >= 75% of the units allocated. * Related to atom_size, which could be much larger than the unit_size. */ last_allocs = INT_MAX; for (upa = max_upa; upa; upa--) { int allocs = 0, wasted = 0; if (alloc_size % upa || (offset_in_page(alloc_size / upa))) continue; for (group = 0; group < nr_groups; group++) { int this_allocs = DIV_ROUND_UP(group_cnt[group], upa); allocs += this_allocs; wasted += this_allocs * upa - group_cnt[group]; } /* * Don't accept if wastage is over 1/3. The * greater-than comparison ensures upa==1 always * passes the following check. */ if (wasted > num_possible_cpus() / 3) continue; /* and then don't consume more memory */ if (allocs > last_allocs) break; last_allocs = allocs; best_upa = upa; } upa = best_upa; /* allocate and fill alloc_info */ for (group = 0; group < nr_groups; group++) nr_units += roundup(group_cnt[group], upa); ai = pcpu_alloc_alloc_info(nr_groups, nr_units); if (!ai) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); cpu_map = ai->groups[0].cpu_map; for (group = 0; group < nr_groups; group++) { ai->groups[group].cpu_map = cpu_map; cpu_map += roundup(group_cnt[group], upa); } ai->static_size = static_size; ai->reserved_size = reserved_size; ai->dyn_size = dyn_size; ai->unit_size = alloc_size / upa; ai->atom_size = atom_size; ai->alloc_size = alloc_size; for (group = 0, unit = 0; group < nr_groups; group++) { struct pcpu_group_info *gi = &ai->groups[group]; /* * Initialize base_offset as if all groups are located * back-to-back. The caller should update this to * reflect actual allocation. */ gi->base_offset = unit * ai->unit_size; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) if (group_map[cpu] == group) gi->cpu_map[gi->nr_units++] = cpu; gi->nr_units = roundup(gi->nr_units, upa); unit += gi->nr_units; } BUG_ON(unit != nr_units); return ai; } #endif /* BUILD_EMBED_FIRST_CHUNK || BUILD_PAGE_FIRST_CHUNK */ #if defined(BUILD_EMBED_FIRST_CHUNK) /** * pcpu_embed_first_chunk - embed the first percpu chunk into bootmem * @reserved_size: the size of reserved percpu area in bytes * @dyn_size: minimum free size for dynamic allocation in bytes * @atom_size: allocation atom size * @cpu_distance_fn: callback to determine distance between cpus, optional * @alloc_fn: function to allocate percpu page * @free_fn: function to free percpu page * * This is a helper to ease setting up embedded first percpu chunk and * can be called where pcpu_setup_first_chunk() is expected. * * If this function is used to setup the first chunk, it is allocated * by calling @alloc_fn and used as-is without being mapped into * vmalloc area. Allocations are always whole multiples of @atom_size * aligned to @atom_size. * * This enables the first chunk to piggy back on the linear physical * mapping which often uses larger page size. Please note that this * can result in very sparse cpu->unit mapping on NUMA machines thus * requiring large vmalloc address space. Don't use this allocator if * vmalloc space is not orders of magnitude larger than distances * between node memory addresses (ie. 32bit NUMA machines). * * @dyn_size specifies the minimum dynamic area size. * * If the needed size is smaller than the minimum or specified unit * size, the leftover is returned using @free_fn. * * RETURNS: * 0 on success, -errno on failure. */ int __init pcpu_embed_first_chunk(size_t reserved_size, size_t dyn_size, size_t atom_size, pcpu_fc_cpu_distance_fn_t cpu_distance_fn, pcpu_fc_alloc_fn_t alloc_fn, pcpu_fc_free_fn_t free_fn) { void *base = (void *)ULONG_MAX; void **areas = NULL; struct pcpu_alloc_info *ai; size_t size_sum, areas_size; unsigned long max_distance; int group, i, highest_group, rc = 0; ai = pcpu_build_alloc_info(reserved_size, dyn_size, atom_size, cpu_distance_fn); if (IS_ERR(ai)) return PTR_ERR(ai); size_sum = ai->static_size + ai->reserved_size + ai->dyn_size; areas_size = PFN_ALIGN(ai->nr_groups * sizeof(void *)); areas = memblock_alloc(areas_size, SMP_CACHE_BYTES); if (!areas) { rc = -ENOMEM; goto out_free; } /* allocate, copy and determine base address & max_distance */ highest_group = 0; for (group = 0; group < ai->nr_groups; group++) { struct pcpu_group_info *gi = &ai->groups[group]; unsigned int cpu = NR_CPUS; void *ptr; for (i = 0; i < gi->nr_units && cpu == NR_CPUS; i++) cpu = gi->cpu_map[i]; BUG_ON(cpu == NR_CPUS); /* allocate space for the whole group */ ptr = alloc_fn(cpu, gi->nr_units * ai->unit_size, atom_size); if (!ptr) { rc = -ENOMEM; goto out_free_areas; } /* kmemleak tracks the percpu allocations separately */ kmemleak_free(ptr); areas[group] = ptr; base = min(ptr, base); if (ptr > areas[highest_group]) highest_group = group; } max_distance = areas[highest_group] - base; max_distance += ai->unit_size * ai->groups[highest_group].nr_units; /* warn if maximum distance is further than 75% of vmalloc space */ if (max_distance > VMALLOC_TOTAL * 3 / 4) { pr_warn("max_distance=0x%lx too large for vmalloc space 0x%lx\n", max_distance, VMALLOC_TOTAL); #ifdef CONFIG_NEED_PER_CPU_PAGE_FIRST_CHUNK /* and fail if we have fallback */ rc = -EINVAL; goto out_free_areas; #endif } /* * Copy data and free unused parts. This should happen after all * allocations are complete; otherwise, we may end up with * overlapping groups. */ for (group = 0; group < ai->nr_groups; group++) { struct pcpu_group_info *gi = &ai->groups[group]; void *ptr = areas[group]; for (i = 0; i < gi->nr_units; i++, ptr += ai->unit_size) { if (gi->cpu_map[i] == NR_CPUS) { /* unused unit, free whole */ free_fn(ptr, ai->unit_size); continue; } /* copy and return the unused part */ memcpy(ptr, __per_cpu_load, ai->static_size); free_fn(ptr + size_sum, ai->unit_size - size_sum); } } /* base address is now known, determine group base offsets */ for (group = 0; group < ai->nr_groups; group++) { ai->groups[group].base_offset = areas[group] - base; } pr_info("Embedded %zu pages/cpu s%zu r%zu d%zu u%zu\n", PFN_DOWN(size_sum), ai->static_size, ai->reserved_size, ai->dyn_size, ai->unit_size); pcpu_setup_first_chunk(ai, base); goto out_free; out_free_areas: for (group = 0; group < ai->nr_groups; group++) if (areas[group]) free_fn(areas[group], ai->groups[group].nr_units * ai->unit_size); out_free: pcpu_free_alloc_info(ai); if (areas) memblock_free_early(__pa(areas), areas_size); return rc; } #endif /* BUILD_EMBED_FIRST_CHUNK */ #ifdef BUILD_PAGE_FIRST_CHUNK /** * pcpu_page_first_chunk - map the first chunk using PAGE_SIZE pages * @reserved_size: the size of reserved percpu area in bytes * @alloc_fn: function to allocate percpu page, always called with PAGE_SIZE * @free_fn: function to free percpu page, always called with PAGE_SIZE * @populate_pte_fn: function to populate pte * * This is a helper to ease setting up page-remapped first percpu * chunk and can be called where pcpu_setup_first_chunk() is expected. * * This is the basic allocator. Static percpu area is allocated * page-by-page into vmalloc area. * * RETURNS: * 0 on success, -errno on failure. */ int __init pcpu_page_first_chunk(size_t reserved_size, pcpu_fc_alloc_fn_t alloc_fn, pcpu_fc_free_fn_t free_fn, pcpu_fc_populate_pte_fn_t populate_pte_fn) { static struct vm_struct vm; struct pcpu_alloc_info *ai; char psize_str[16]; int unit_pages; size_t pages_size; struct page **pages; int unit, i, j, rc = 0; int upa; int nr_g0_units; snprintf(psize_str, sizeof(psize_str), "%luK", PAGE_SIZE >> 10); ai = pcpu_build_alloc_info(reserved_size, 0, PAGE_SIZE, NULL); if (IS_ERR(ai)) return PTR_ERR(ai); BUG_ON(ai->nr_groups != 1); upa = ai->alloc_size/ai->unit_size; nr_g0_units = roundup(num_possible_cpus(), upa); if (WARN_ON(ai->groups[0].nr_units != nr_g0_units)) { pcpu_free_alloc_info(ai); return -EINVAL; } unit_pages = ai->unit_size >> PAGE_SHIFT; /* unaligned allocations can't be freed, round up to page size */ pages_size = PFN_ALIGN(unit_pages * num_possible_cpus() * sizeof(pages[0])); pages = memblock_alloc(pages_size, SMP_CACHE_BYTES); if (!pages) panic("%s: Failed to allocate %zu bytes\n", __func__, pages_size); /* allocate pages */ j = 0; for (unit = 0; unit < num_possible_cpus(); unit++) { unsigned int cpu = ai->groups[0].cpu_map[unit]; for (i = 0; i < unit_pages; i++) { void *ptr; ptr = alloc_fn(cpu, PAGE_SIZE, PAGE_SIZE); if (!ptr) { pr_warn("failed to allocate %s page for cpu%u\n", psize_str, cpu); goto enomem; } /* kmemleak tracks the percpu allocations separately */ kmemleak_free(ptr); pages[j++] = virt_to_page(ptr); } } /* allocate vm area, map the pages and copy static data */ vm.flags = VM_ALLOC; vm.size = num_possible_cpus() * ai->unit_size; vm_area_register_early(&vm, PAGE_SIZE); for (unit = 0; unit < num_possible_cpus(); unit++) { unsigned long unit_addr = (unsigned long)vm.addr + unit * ai->unit_size; for (i = 0; i < unit_pages; i++) populate_pte_fn(unit_addr + (i << PAGE_SHIFT)); /* pte already populated, the following shouldn't fail */ rc = __pcpu_map_pages(unit_addr, &pages[unit * unit_pages], unit_pages); if (rc < 0) panic("failed to map percpu area, err=%d\n", rc); /* * FIXME: Archs with virtual cache should flush local * cache for the linear mapping here - something * equivalent to flush_cache_vmap() on the local cpu. * flush_cache_vmap() can't be used as most supporting * data structures are not set up yet. */ /* copy static data */ memcpy((void *)unit_addr, __per_cpu_load, ai->static_size); } /* we're ready, commit */ pr_info("%d %s pages/cpu s%zu r%zu d%zu\n", unit_pages, psize_str, ai->static_size, ai->reserved_size, ai->dyn_size); pcpu_setup_first_chunk(ai, vm.addr); goto out_free_ar; enomem: while (--j >= 0) free_fn(page_address(pages[j]), PAGE_SIZE); rc = -ENOMEM; out_free_ar: memblock_free_early(__pa(pages), pages_size); pcpu_free_alloc_info(ai); return rc; } #endif /* BUILD_PAGE_FIRST_CHUNK */ #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_SETUP_PER_CPU_AREA /* * Generic SMP percpu area setup. * * The embedding helper is used because its behavior closely resembles * the original non-dynamic generic percpu area setup. This is * important because many archs have addressing restrictions and might * fail if the percpu area is located far away from the previous * location. As an added bonus, in non-NUMA cases, embedding is * generally a good idea TLB-wise because percpu area can piggy back * on the physical linear memory mapping which uses large page * mappings on applicable archs. */ unsigned long __per_cpu_offset[NR_CPUS] __read_mostly; EXPORT_SYMBOL(__per_cpu_offset); static void * __init pcpu_dfl_fc_alloc(unsigned int cpu, size_t size, size_t align) { return memblock_alloc_from(size, align, __pa(MAX_DMA_ADDRESS)); } static void __init pcpu_dfl_fc_free(void *ptr, size_t size) { memblock_free_early(__pa(ptr), size); } void __init setup_per_cpu_areas(void) { unsigned long delta; unsigned int cpu; int rc; /* * Always reserve area for module percpu variables. That's * what the legacy allocator did. */ rc = pcpu_embed_first_chunk(PERCPU_MODULE_RESERVE, PERCPU_DYNAMIC_RESERVE, PAGE_SIZE, NULL, pcpu_dfl_fc_alloc, pcpu_dfl_fc_free); if (rc < 0) panic("Failed to initialize percpu areas."); delta = (unsigned long)pcpu_base_addr - (unsigned long)__per_cpu_start; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) __per_cpu_offset[cpu] = delta + pcpu_unit_offsets[cpu]; } #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_SETUP_PER_CPU_AREA */ #else /* CONFIG_SMP */ /* * UP percpu area setup. * * UP always uses km-based percpu allocator with identity mapping. * Static percpu variables are indistinguishable from the usual static * variables and don't require any special preparation. */ void __init setup_per_cpu_areas(void) { const size_t unit_size = roundup_pow_of_two(max_t(size_t, PCPU_MIN_UNIT_SIZE, PERCPU_DYNAMIC_RESERVE)); struct pcpu_alloc_info *ai; void *fc; ai = pcpu_alloc_alloc_info(1, 1); fc = memblock_alloc_from(unit_size, PAGE_SIZE, __pa(MAX_DMA_ADDRESS)); if (!ai || !fc) panic("Failed to allocate memory for percpu areas."); /* kmemleak tracks the percpu allocations separately */ kmemleak_free(fc); ai->dyn_size = unit_size; ai->unit_size = unit_size; ai->atom_size = unit_size; ai->alloc_size = unit_size; ai->groups[0].nr_units = 1; ai->groups[0].cpu_map[0] = 0; pcpu_setup_first_chunk(ai, fc); pcpu_free_alloc_info(ai); } #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ /* * pcpu_nr_pages - calculate total number of populated backing pages * * This reflects the number of pages populated to back chunks. Metadata is * excluded in the number exposed in meminfo as the number of backing pages * scales with the number of cpus and can quickly outweigh the memory used for * metadata. It also keeps this calculation nice and simple. * * RETURNS: * Total number of populated backing pages in use by the allocator. */ unsigned long pcpu_nr_pages(void) { return pcpu_nr_populated * pcpu_nr_units; } /* * Percpu allocator is initialized early during boot when neither slab or * workqueue is available. Plug async management until everything is up * and running. */ static int __init percpu_enable_async(void) { pcpu_async_enabled = true; return 0; } subsys_initcall(percpu_enable_async);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 /* * Written by: Matthew Dobson, IBM Corporation * * Copyright (C) 2002, IBM Corp. * * All rights reserved. * * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or * (at your option) any later version. * * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of * MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, GOOD TITLE or * NON INFRINGEMENT. See the GNU General Public License for more * details. * * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software * Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA. * * Send feedback to <colpatch@us.ibm.com> */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_TOPOLOGY_H #define _ASM_X86_TOPOLOGY_H /* * to preserve the visibility of NUMA_NO_NODE definition, * moved to there from here. May be used independent of * CONFIG_NUMA. */ #include <linux/numa.h> #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <asm/mpspec.h> #include <asm/percpu.h> /* Mappings between logical cpu number and node number */ DECLARE_EARLY_PER_CPU(int, x86_cpu_to_node_map); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PER_CPU_MAPS /* * override generic percpu implementation of cpu_to_node */ extern int __cpu_to_node(int cpu); #define cpu_to_node __cpu_to_node extern int early_cpu_to_node(int cpu); #else /* !CONFIG_DEBUG_PER_CPU_MAPS */ /* Same function but used if called before per_cpu areas are setup */ static inline int early_cpu_to_node(int cpu) { return early_per_cpu(x86_cpu_to_node_map, cpu); } #endif /* !CONFIG_DEBUG_PER_CPU_MAPS */ /* Mappings between node number and cpus on that node. */ extern cpumask_var_t node_to_cpumask_map[MAX_NUMNODES]; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PER_CPU_MAPS extern const struct cpumask *cpumask_of_node(int node); #else /* Returns a pointer to the cpumask of CPUs on Node 'node'. */ static inline const struct cpumask *cpumask_of_node(int node) { return node_to_cpumask_map[node]; } #endif extern void setup_node_to_cpumask_map(void); #define pcibus_to_node(bus) __pcibus_to_node(bus) extern int __node_distance(int, int); #define node_distance(a, b) __node_distance(a, b) #else /* !CONFIG_NUMA */ static inline int numa_node_id(void) { return 0; } /* * indicate override: */ #define numa_node_id numa_node_id static inline int early_cpu_to_node(int cpu) { return 0; } static inline void setup_node_to_cpumask_map(void) { } #endif #include <asm-generic/topology.h> extern const struct cpumask *cpu_coregroup_mask(int cpu); #define topology_logical_package_id(cpu) (cpu_data(cpu).logical_proc_id) #define topology_physical_package_id(cpu) (cpu_data(cpu).phys_proc_id) #define topology_logical_die_id(cpu) (cpu_data(cpu).logical_die_id) #define topology_die_id(cpu) (cpu_data(cpu).cpu_die_id) #define topology_core_id(cpu) (cpu_data(cpu).cpu_core_id) extern unsigned int __max_die_per_package; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP #define topology_die_cpumask(cpu) (per_cpu(cpu_die_map, cpu)) #define topology_core_cpumask(cpu) (per_cpu(cpu_core_map, cpu)) #define topology_sibling_cpumask(cpu) (per_cpu(cpu_sibling_map, cpu)) extern unsigned int __max_logical_packages; #define topology_max_packages() (__max_logical_packages) static inline int topology_max_die_per_package(void) { return __max_die_per_package; } extern int __max_smt_threads; static inline int topology_max_smt_threads(void) { return __max_smt_threads; } int topology_update_package_map(unsigned int apicid, unsigned int cpu); int topology_update_die_map(unsigned int dieid, unsigned int cpu); int topology_phys_to_logical_pkg(unsigned int pkg); int topology_phys_to_logi