1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __VDSO_HELPERS_H #define __VDSO_HELPERS_H #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <vdso/datapage.h> static __always_inline u32 vdso_read_begin(const struct vdso_data *vd) { u32 seq; while (unlikely((seq = READ_ONCE(vd->seq)) & 1)) cpu_relax(); smp_rmb(); return seq; } static __always_inline u32 vdso_read_retry(const struct vdso_data *vd, u32 start) { u32 seq; smp_rmb(); seq = READ_ONCE(vd->seq); return seq != start; } static __always_inline void vdso_write_begin(struct vdso_data *vd) { /* * WRITE_ONCE it is required otherwise the compiler can validly tear * updates to vd[x].seq and it is possible that the value seen by the * reader it is inconsistent. */ WRITE_ONCE(vd[CS_HRES_COARSE].seq, vd[CS_HRES_COARSE].seq + 1); WRITE_ONCE(vd[CS_RAW].seq, vd[CS_RAW].seq + 1); smp_wmb(); } static __always_inline void vdso_write_end(struct vdso_data *vd) { smp_wmb(); /* * WRITE_ONCE it is required otherwise the compiler can validly tear * updates to vd[x].seq and it is possible that the value seen by the * reader it is inconsistent. */ WRITE_ONCE(vd[CS_HRES_COARSE].seq, vd[CS_HRES_COARSE].seq + 1); WRITE_ONCE(vd[CS_RAW].seq, vd[CS_RAW].seq + 1); } #endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* __VDSO_HELPERS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_HUGE_MM_H #define _LINUX_HUGE_MM_H #include <linux/sched/coredump.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/fs.h> /* only for vma_is_dax() */ vm_fault_t do_huge_pmd_anonymous_page(struct vm_fault *vmf); int copy_huge_pmd(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, struct mm_struct *src_mm, pmd_t *dst_pmd, pmd_t *src_pmd, unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma); void huge_pmd_set_accessed(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd); int copy_huge_pud(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, struct mm_struct *src_mm, pud_t *dst_pud, pud_t *src_pud, unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct *vma); #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD void huge_pud_set_accessed(struct vm_fault *vmf, pud_t orig_pud); #else static inline void huge_pud_set_accessed(struct vm_fault *vmf, pud_t orig_pud) { } #endif vm_fault_t do_huge_pmd_wp_page(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd); struct page *follow_trans_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned int flags); bool madvise_free_huge_pmd(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long next); int zap_huge_pmd(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr); int zap_huge_pud(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr); bool move_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long old_addr, unsigned long new_addr, pmd_t *old_pmd, pmd_t *new_pmd); int change_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, pgprot_t newprot, unsigned long cp_flags); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_pmd_prot(struct vm_fault *vmf, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot, bool write); /** * vmf_insert_pfn_pmd - insert a pmd size pfn * @vmf: Structure describing the fault * @pfn: pfn to insert * @pgprot: page protection to use * @write: whether it's a write fault * * Insert a pmd size pfn. See vmf_insert_pfn() for additional info. * * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ static inline vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, pfn_t pfn, bool write) { return vmf_insert_pfn_pmd_prot(vmf, pfn, vmf->vma->vm_page_prot, write); } vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_pud_prot(struct vm_fault *vmf, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot, bool write); /** * vmf_insert_pfn_pud - insert a pud size pfn * @vmf: Structure describing the fault * @pfn: pfn to insert * @pgprot: page protection to use * @write: whether it's a write fault * * Insert a pud size pfn. See vmf_insert_pfn() for additional info. * * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ static inline vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_pud(struct vm_fault *vmf, pfn_t pfn, bool write) { return vmf_insert_pfn_pud_prot(vmf, pfn, vmf->vma->vm_page_prot, write); } enum transparent_hugepage_flag { TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_NEVER_DAX, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_REQ_MADV_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_DIRECT_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_KSWAPD_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_KSWAPD_OR_MADV_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_REQ_MADV_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_KHUGEPAGED_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_USE_ZERO_PAGE_FLAG, #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEBUG_COW_FLAG, #endif }; struct kobject; struct kobj_attribute; ssize_t single_hugepage_flag_store(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count, enum transparent_hugepage_flag flag); ssize_t single_hugepage_flag_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf, enum transparent_hugepage_flag flag); extern struct kobj_attribute shmem_enabled_attr; #define HPAGE_PMD_ORDER (HPAGE_PMD_SHIFT-PAGE_SHIFT) #define HPAGE_PMD_NR (1<<HPAGE_PMD_ORDER) #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE #define HPAGE_PMD_SHIFT PMD_SHIFT #define HPAGE_PMD_SIZE ((1UL) << HPAGE_PMD_SHIFT) #define HPAGE_PMD_MASK (~(HPAGE_PMD_SIZE - 1)) #define HPAGE_PUD_SHIFT PUD_SHIFT #define HPAGE_PUD_SIZE ((1UL) << HPAGE_PUD_SHIFT) #define HPAGE_PUD_MASK (~(HPAGE_PUD_SIZE - 1)) extern unsigned long transparent_hugepage_flags; static inline bool transhuge_vma_suitable(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long haddr) { /* Don't have to check pgoff for anonymous vma */ if (!vma_is_anonymous(vma)) { if (!IS_ALIGNED((vma->vm_start >> PAGE_SHIFT) - vma->vm_pgoff, HPAGE_PMD_NR)) return false; } if (haddr < vma->vm_start || haddr + HPAGE_PMD_SIZE > vma->vm_end) return false; return true; } static inline bool transhuge_vma_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long vm_flags) { /* Explicitly disabled through madvise. */ if ((vm_flags & VM_NOHUGEPAGE) || test_bit(MMF_DISABLE_THP, &vma->vm_mm->flags)) return false; return true; } /* * to be used on vmas which are known to support THP. * Use transparent_hugepage_active otherwise */ static inline bool __transparent_hugepage_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { /* * If the hardware/firmware marked hugepage support disabled. */ if (transparent_hugepage_flags & (1 << TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_NEVER_DAX)) return false; if (!transhuge_vma_enabled(vma, vma->vm_flags)) return false; if (vma_is_temporary_stack(vma)) return false; if (transparent_hugepage_flags & (1 << TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_FLAG)) return true; if (vma_is_dax(vma)) return true; if (transparent_hugepage_flags & (1 << TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_REQ_MADV_FLAG)) return !!(vma->vm_flags & VM_HUGEPAGE); return false; } bool transparent_hugepage_active(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #define transparent_hugepage_use_zero_page() \ (transparent_hugepage_flags & \ (1<<TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_USE_ZERO_PAGE_FLAG)) unsigned long thp_get_unmapped_area(struct file *filp, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long flags); void prep_transhuge_page(struct page *page); void free_transhuge_page(struct page *page); bool is_transparent_hugepage(struct page *page); bool can_split_huge_page(struct page *page, int *pextra_pins); int split_huge_page_to_list(struct page *page, struct list_head *list); static inline int split_huge_page(struct page *page) { return split_huge_page_to_list(page, NULL); } void deferred_split_huge_page(struct page *page); void __split_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long address, bool freeze, struct page *page); #define split_huge_pmd(__vma, __pmd, __address) \ do { \ pmd_t *____pmd = (__pmd); \ if (is_swap_pmd(*____pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*____pmd) \ || pmd_devmap(*____pmd)) \ __split_huge_pmd(__vma, __pmd, __address, \ false, NULL); \ } while (0) void split_huge_pmd_address(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, bool freeze, struct page *page); void __split_huge_pud(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address); #define split_huge_pud(__vma, __pud, __address) \ do { \ pud_t *____pud = (__pud); \ if (pud_trans_huge(*____pud) \ || pud_devmap(*____pud)) \ __split_huge_pud(__vma, __pud, __address); \ } while (0) int hugepage_madvise(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long *vm_flags, int advice); void vma_adjust_trans_huge(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, long adjust_next); spinlock_t *__pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd_t *pmd, struct vm_area_struct *vma); spinlock_t *__pud_trans_huge_lock(pud_t *pud, struct vm_area_struct *vma); static inline int is_swap_pmd(pmd_t pmd) { return !pmd_none(pmd) && !pmd_present(pmd); } /* mmap_lock must be held on entry */ static inline spinlock_t *pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd_t *pmd, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (is_swap_pmd(*pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*pmd) || pmd_devmap(*pmd)) return __pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd, vma); else return NULL; } static inline spinlock_t *pud_trans_huge_lock(pud_t *pud, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (pud_trans_huge(*pud) || pud_devmap(*pud)) return __pud_trans_huge_lock(pud, vma); else return NULL; } /** * thp_head - Head page of a transparent huge page. * @page: Any page (tail, head or regular) found in the page cache. */ static inline struct page *thp_head(struct page *page) { return compound_head(page); } /** * thp_order - Order of a transparent huge page. * @page: Head page of a transparent huge page. */ static inline unsigned int thp_order(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page); if (PageHead(page)) return HPAGE_PMD_ORDER; return 0; } /** * thp_nr_pages - The number of regular pages in this huge page. * @page: The head page of a huge page. */ static inline int thp_nr_pages(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page); if (PageHead(page)) return HPAGE_PMD_NR; return 1; } struct page *follow_devmap_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmd, int flags, struct dev_pagemap **pgmap); struct page *follow_devmap_pud(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pud_t *pud, int flags, struct dev_pagemap **pgmap); vm_fault_t do_huge_pmd_numa_page(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd); extern struct page *huge_zero_page; extern unsigned long huge_zero_pfn; static inline bool is_huge_zero_page(struct page *page) { return READ_ONCE(huge_zero_page) == page; } static inline bool is_huge_zero_pmd(pmd_t pmd) { return READ_ONCE(huge_zero_pfn) == pmd_pfn(pmd) && pmd_present(pmd); } static inline bool is_huge_zero_pud(pud_t pud) { return false; } struct page *mm_get_huge_zero_page(struct mm_struct *mm); void mm_put_huge_zero_page(struct mm_struct *mm); #define mk_huge_pmd(page, prot) pmd_mkhuge(mk_pmd(page, prot)) static inline bool thp_migration_supported(void) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_ENABLE_THP_MIGRATION); } static inline struct list_head *page_deferred_list(struct page *page) { /* * Global or memcg deferred list in the second tail pages is * occupied by compound_head. */ return &page[2].deferred_list; } #else /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #define HPAGE_PMD_SHIFT ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) #define HPAGE_PMD_MASK ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) #define HPAGE_PMD_SIZE ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) #define HPAGE_PUD_SHIFT ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) #define HPAGE_PUD_MASK ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) #define HPAGE_PUD_SIZE ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) static inline struct page *thp_head(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page); return page; } static inline unsigned int thp_order(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page); return 0; } static inline int thp_nr_pages(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page); return 1; } static inline bool __transparent_hugepage_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return false; } static inline bool transparent_hugepage_active(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return false; } static inline bool transhuge_vma_suitable(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long haddr) { return false; } static inline bool transhuge_vma_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long vm_flags) { return false; } static inline void prep_transhuge_page(struct page *page) {} static inline bool is_transparent_hugepage(struct page *page) { return false; } #define transparent_hugepage_flags 0UL #define thp_get_unmapped_area NULL static inline bool can_split_huge_page(struct page *page, int *pextra_pins) { BUILD_BUG(); return false; } static inline int split_huge_page_to_list(struct page *page, struct list_head *list) { return 0; } static inline int split_huge_page(struct page *page) { return 0; } static inline void deferred_split_huge_page(struct page *page) {} #define split_huge_pmd(__vma, __pmd, __address) \ do { } while (0) static inline void __split_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long address, bool freeze, struct page *page) {} static inline void split_huge_pmd_address(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, bool freeze, struct page *page) {} #define split_huge_pud(__vma, __pmd, __address) \ do { } while (0) static inline int hugepage_madvise(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long *vm_flags, int advice) { BUG(); return 0; } static inline void vma_adjust_trans_huge(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, long adjust_next) { } static inline int is_swap_pmd(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } static inline spinlock_t *pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd_t *pmd, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return NULL; } static inline spinlock_t *pud_trans_huge_lock(pud_t *pud, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return NULL; } static inline vm_fault_t do_huge_pmd_numa_page(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd) { return 0; } static inline bool is_huge_zero_page(struct page *page) { return false; } static inline bool is_huge_zero_pmd(pmd_t pmd) { return false; } static inline bool is_huge_zero_pud(pud_t pud) { return false; } static inline void mm_put_huge_zero_page(struct mm_struct *mm) { return; } static inline struct page *follow_devmap_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmd, int flags, struct dev_pagemap **pgmap) { return NULL; } static inline struct page *follow_devmap_pud(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pud_t *pud, int flags, struct dev_pagemap **pgmap) { return NULL; } static inline bool thp_migration_supported(void) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ /** * thp_size - Size of a transparent huge page. * @page: Head page of a transparent huge page. * * Return: Number of bytes in this page. */ static inline unsigned long thp_size(struct page *page) { return PAGE_SIZE << thp_order(page); } #endif /* _LINUX_HUGE_MM_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_PID_NS_H #define _LINUX_PID_NS_H #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/threads.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> #include <linux/kref.h> #include <linux/ns_common.h> #include <linux/idr.h> /* MAX_PID_NS_LEVEL is needed for limiting size of 'struct pid' */ #define MAX_PID_NS_LEVEL 32 struct fs_pin; struct pid_namespace { struct kref kref; struct idr idr; struct rcu_head rcu; unsigned int pid_allocated; struct task_struct *child_reaper; struct kmem_cache *pid_cachep; unsigned int level; struct pid_namespace *parent; #ifdef CONFIG_BSD_PROCESS_ACCT struct fs_pin *bacct; #endif struct user_namespace *user_ns; struct ucounts *ucounts; int reboot; /* group exit code if this pidns was rebooted */ struct ns_common ns; } __randomize_layout; extern struct pid_namespace init_pid_ns; #define PIDNS_ADDING (1U << 31) #ifdef CONFIG_PID_NS static inline struct pid_namespace *get_pid_ns(struct pid_namespace *ns) { if (ns != &init_pid_ns) kref_get(&ns->kref); return ns; } extern struct pid_namespace *copy_pid_ns(unsigned long flags, struct user_namespace *user_ns, struct pid_namespace *ns); extern void zap_pid_ns_processes(struct pid_namespace *pid_ns); extern int reboot_pid_ns(struct pid_namespace *pid_ns, int cmd); extern void put_pid_ns(struct pid_namespace *ns); #else /* !CONFIG_PID_NS */ #include <linux/err.h> static inline struct pid_namespace *get_pid_ns(struct pid_namespace *ns) { return ns; } static inline struct pid_namespace *copy_pid_ns(unsigned long flags, struct user_namespace *user_ns, struct pid_namespace *ns) { if (flags & CLONE_NEWPID) ns = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); return ns; } static inline void put_pid_ns(struct pid_namespace *ns) { } static inline void zap_pid_ns_processes(struct pid_namespace *ns) { BUG(); } static inline int reboot_pid_ns(struct pid_namespace *pid_ns, int cmd) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_PID_NS */ extern struct pid_namespace *task_active_pid_ns(struct task_struct *tsk); void pidhash_init(void); void pid_idr_init(void); #endif /* _LINUX_PID_NS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ADDRCONF_H #define _ADDRCONF_H #define MAX_RTR_SOLICITATIONS -1 /* unlimited */ #define RTR_SOLICITATION_INTERVAL (4*HZ) #define RTR_SOLICITATION_MAX_INTERVAL (3600*HZ) /* 1 hour */ #define TEMP_VALID_LIFETIME (7*86400) #define TEMP_PREFERRED_LIFETIME (86400) #define REGEN_MAX_RETRY (3) #define MAX_DESYNC_FACTOR (600) #define ADDR_CHECK_FREQUENCY (120*HZ) #define IPV6_MAX_ADDRESSES 16 #define ADDRCONF_TIMER_FUZZ_MINUS (HZ > 50 ? HZ / 50 : 1) #define ADDRCONF_TIMER_FUZZ (HZ / 4) #define ADDRCONF_TIMER_FUZZ_MAX (HZ) #define ADDRCONF_NOTIFY_PRIORITY 0 #include <linux/in.h> #include <linux/in6.h> struct prefix_info { __u8 type; __u8 length; __u8 prefix_len; #if defined(__BIG_ENDIAN_BITFIELD) __u8 onlink : 1, autoconf : 1, reserved : 6; #elif defined(__LITTLE_ENDIAN_BITFIELD) __u8 reserved : 6, autoconf : 1, onlink : 1; #else #error "Please fix <asm/byteorder.h>" #endif __be32 valid; __be32 prefered; __be32 reserved2; struct in6_addr prefix; }; #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <net/if_inet6.h> #include <net/ipv6.h> struct in6_validator_info { struct in6_addr i6vi_addr; struct inet6_dev *i6vi_dev; struct netlink_ext_ack *extack; }; struct ifa6_config { const struct in6_addr *pfx; unsigned int plen; const struct in6_addr *peer_pfx; u32 rt_priority; u32 ifa_flags; u32 preferred_lft; u32 valid_lft; u16 scope; }; int addrconf_init(void); void addrconf_cleanup(void); int addrconf_add_ifaddr(struct net *net, void __user *arg); int addrconf_del_ifaddr(struct net *net, void __user *arg); int addrconf_set_dstaddr(struct net *net, void __user *arg); int ipv6_chk_addr(struct net *net, const struct in6_addr *addr, const struct net_device *dev, int strict); int ipv6_chk_addr_and_flags(struct net *net, const struct in6_addr *addr, const struct net_device *dev, bool skip_dev_check, int strict, u32 banned_flags); #if defined(CONFIG_IPV6_MIP6) || defined(CONFIG_IPV6_MIP6_MODULE) int ipv6_chk_home_addr(struct net *net, const struct in6_addr *addr); #endif int ipv6_chk_rpl_srh_loop(struct net *net, const struct in6_addr *segs, unsigned char nsegs); bool ipv6_chk_custom_prefix(const struct in6_addr *addr, const unsigned int prefix_len, struct net_device *dev); int ipv6_chk_prefix(const struct in6_addr *addr, struct net_device *dev); struct net_device *ipv6_dev_find(struct net *net, const struct in6_addr *addr, struct net_device *dev); struct inet6_ifaddr *ipv6_get_ifaddr(struct net *net, const struct in6_addr *addr, struct net_device *dev, int strict); int ipv6_dev_get_saddr(struct net *net, const struct net_device *dev, const struct in6_addr *daddr, unsigned int srcprefs, struct in6_addr *saddr); int __ipv6_get_lladdr(struct inet6_dev *idev, struct in6_addr *addr, u32 banned_flags); int ipv6_get_lladdr(struct net_device *dev, struct in6_addr *addr, u32 banned_flags); bool inet_rcv_saddr_equal(const struct sock *sk, const struct sock *sk2, bool match_wildcard); bool inet_rcv_saddr_any(const struct sock *sk); void addrconf_join_solict(struct net_device *dev, const struct in6_addr *addr); void addrconf_leave_solict(struct inet6_dev *idev, const struct in6_addr *addr); void addrconf_add_linklocal(struct inet6_dev *idev, const struct in6_addr *addr, u32 flags); int addrconf_prefix_rcv_add_addr(struct net *net, struct net_device *dev, const struct prefix_info *pinfo, struct inet6_dev *in6_dev, const struct in6_addr *addr, int addr_type, u32 addr_flags, bool sllao, bool tokenized, __u32 valid_lft, u32 prefered_lft); static inline void addrconf_addr_eui48_base(u8 *eui, const char *const addr) { memcpy(eui, addr, 3); eui[3] = 0xFF; eui[4] = 0xFE; memcpy(eui + 5, addr + 3, 3); } static inline void addrconf_addr_eui48(u8 *eui, const char *const addr) { addrconf_addr_eui48_base(eui, addr); eui[0] ^= 2; } static inline int addrconf_ifid_eui48(u8 *eui, struct net_device *dev) { if (dev->addr_len != ETH_ALEN) return -1; /* * The zSeries OSA network cards can be shared among various * OS instances, but the OSA cards have only one MAC address. * This leads to duplicate address conflicts in conjunction * with IPv6 if more than one instance uses the same card. * * The driver for these cards can deliver a unique 16-bit * identifier for each instance sharing the same card. It is * placed instead of 0xFFFE in the interface identifier. The * "u" bit of the interface identifier is not inverted in this * case. Hence the resulting interface identifier has local * scope according to RFC2373. */ addrconf_addr_eui48_base(eui, dev->dev_addr); if (dev->dev_id) { eui[3] = (dev->dev_id >> 8) & 0xFF; eui[4] = dev->dev_id & 0xFF; } else { eui[0] ^= 2; } return 0; } static inline unsigned long addrconf_timeout_fixup(u32 timeout, unsigned int unit) { if (timeout == 0xffffffff) return ~0UL; /* * Avoid arithmetic overflow. * Assuming unit is constant and non-zero, this "if" statement * will go away on 64bit archs. */ if (0xfffffffe > LONG_MAX / unit && timeout > LONG_MAX / unit) return LONG_MAX / unit; return timeout; } static inline int addrconf_finite_timeout(unsigned long timeout) { return ~timeout; } /* * IPv6 Address Label subsystem (addrlabel.c) */ int ipv6_addr_label_init(void); void ipv6_addr_label_cleanup(void); int ipv6_addr_label_rtnl_register(void); u32 ipv6_addr_label(struct net *net, const struct in6_addr *addr, int type, int ifindex); /* * multicast prototypes (mcast.c) */ static inline bool ipv6_mc_may_pull(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { if (skb_transport_offset(skb) + ipv6_transport_len(skb) < len) return false; return pskb_may_pull(skb, len); } int ipv6_sock_mc_join(struct sock *sk, int ifindex, const struct in6_addr *addr); int ipv6_sock_mc_drop(struct sock *sk, int ifindex, const struct in6_addr *addr); void __ipv6_sock_mc_close(struct sock *sk); void ipv6_sock_mc_close(struct sock *sk); bool inet6_mc_check(struct sock *sk, const struct in6_addr *mc_addr, const struct in6_addr *src_addr); int ipv6_dev_mc_inc(struct net_device *dev, const struct in6_addr *addr); int __ipv6_dev_mc_dec(struct inet6_dev *idev, const struct in6_addr *addr); int ipv6_dev_mc_dec(struct net_device *dev, const struct in6_addr *addr); void ipv6_mc_up(struct inet6_dev *idev); void ipv6_mc_down(struct inet6_dev *idev); void ipv6_mc_unmap(struct inet6_dev *idev); void ipv6_mc_remap(struct inet6_dev *idev); void ipv6_mc_init_dev(struct inet6_dev *idev); void ipv6_mc_destroy_dev(struct inet6_dev *idev); int ipv6_mc_check_mld(struct sk_buff *skb); void addrconf_dad_failure(struct sk_buff *skb, struct inet6_ifaddr *ifp); bool ipv6_chk_mcast_addr(struct net_device *dev, const struct in6_addr *group, const struct in6_addr *src_addr); void ipv6_mc_dad_complete(struct inet6_dev *idev); /* * identify MLD packets for MLD filter exceptions */ static inline bool ipv6_is_mld(struct sk_buff *skb, int nexthdr, int offset) { struct icmp6hdr *hdr; if (nexthdr != IPPROTO_ICMPV6 || !pskb_network_may_pull(skb, offset + sizeof(struct icmp6hdr))) return false; hdr = (struct icmp6hdr *)(skb_network_header(skb) + offset); switch (hdr->icmp6_type) { case ICMPV6_MGM_QUERY: case ICMPV6_MGM_REPORT: case ICMPV6_MGM_REDUCTION: case ICMPV6_MLD2_REPORT: return true; default: break; } return false; } void addrconf_prefix_rcv(struct net_device *dev, u8 *opt, int len, bool sllao); /* * anycast prototypes (anycast.c) */ int ipv6_sock_ac_join(struct sock *sk, int ifindex, const struct in6_addr *addr); int ipv6_sock_ac_drop(struct sock *sk, int ifindex, const struct in6_addr *addr); void __ipv6_sock_ac_close(struct sock *sk); void ipv6_sock_ac_close(struct sock *sk); int __ipv6_dev_ac_inc(struct inet6_dev *idev, const struct in6_addr *addr); int __ipv6_dev_ac_dec(struct inet6_dev *idev, const struct in6_addr *addr); void ipv6_ac_destroy_dev(struct inet6_dev *idev); bool ipv6_chk_acast_addr(struct net *net, struct net_device *dev, const struct in6_addr *addr); bool ipv6_chk_acast_addr_src(struct net *net, struct net_device *dev, const struct in6_addr *addr); int ipv6_anycast_init(void); void ipv6_anycast_cleanup(void); /* Device notifier */ int register_inet6addr_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb); int unregister_inet6addr_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb); int inet6addr_notifier_call_chain(unsigned long val, void *v); int register_inet6addr_validator_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb); int unregister_inet6addr_validator_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb); int inet6addr_validator_notifier_call_chain(unsigned long val, void *v); void inet6_netconf_notify_devconf(struct net *net, int event, int type, int ifindex, struct ipv6_devconf *devconf); /** * __in6_dev_get - get inet6_dev pointer from netdevice * @dev: network device * * Caller must hold rcu_read_lock or RTNL, because this function * does not take a reference on the inet6_dev. */ static inline struct inet6_dev *__in6_dev_get(const struct net_device *dev) { return rcu_dereference_rtnl(dev->ip6_ptr); } /** * __in6_dev_stats_get - get inet6_dev pointer for stats * @dev: network device * @skb: skb for original incoming interface if neeeded * * Caller must hold rcu_read_lock or RTNL, because this function * does not take a reference on the inet6_dev. */ static inline struct inet6_dev *__in6_dev_stats_get(const struct net_device *dev, const struct sk_buff *skb) { if (netif_is_l3_master(dev)) dev = dev_get_by_index_rcu(dev_net(dev), inet6_iif(skb)); return __in6_dev_get(dev); } /** * __in6_dev_get_safely - get inet6_dev pointer from netdevice * @dev: network device * * This is a safer version of __in6_dev_get */ static inline struct inet6_dev *__in6_dev_get_safely(const struct net_device *dev) { if (likely(dev)) return rcu_dereference_rtnl(dev->ip6_ptr); else return NULL; } /** * in6_dev_get - get inet6_dev pointer from netdevice * @dev: network device * * This version can be used in any context, and takes a reference * on the inet6_dev. Callers must use in6_dev_put() later to * release this reference. */ static inline struct inet6_dev *in6_dev_get(const struct net_device *dev) { struct inet6_dev *idev; rcu_read_lock(); idev = rcu_dereference(dev->ip6_ptr); if (idev) refcount_inc(&idev->refcnt); rcu_read_unlock(); return idev; } static inline struct neigh_parms *__in6_dev_nd_parms_get_rcu(const struct net_device *dev) { struct inet6_dev *idev = __in6_dev_get(dev); return idev ? idev->nd_parms : NULL; } void in6_dev_finish_destroy(struct inet6_dev *idev); static inline void in6_dev_put(struct inet6_dev *idev) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&idev->refcnt)) in6_dev_finish_destroy(idev); } static inline void in6_dev_put_clear(struct inet6_dev **pidev) { struct inet6_dev *idev = *pidev; if (idev) { in6_dev_put(idev); *pidev = NULL; } } static inline void __in6_dev_put(struct inet6_dev *idev) { refcount_dec(&idev->refcnt); } static inline void in6_dev_hold(struct inet6_dev *idev) { refcount_inc(&idev->refcnt); } /* called with rcu_read_lock held */ static inline bool ip6_ignore_linkdown(const struct net_device *dev) { const struct inet6_dev *idev = __in6_dev_get(dev); return !!idev->cnf.ignore_routes_with_linkdown; } void inet6_ifa_finish_destroy(struct inet6_ifaddr *ifp); static inline void in6_ifa_put(struct inet6_ifaddr *ifp) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&ifp->refcnt)) inet6_ifa_finish_destroy(ifp); } static inline void __in6_ifa_put(struct inet6_ifaddr *ifp) { refcount_dec(&ifp->refcnt); } static inline void in6_ifa_hold(struct inet6_ifaddr *ifp) { refcount_inc(&ifp->refcnt); } /* * compute link-local solicited-node multicast address */ static inline void addrconf_addr_solict_mult(const struct in6_addr *addr, struct in6_addr *solicited) { ipv6_addr_set(solicited, htonl(0xFF020000), 0, htonl(0x1), htonl(0xFF000000) | addr->s6_addr32[3]); } static inline bool ipv6_addr_is_ll_all_nodes(const struct in6_addr *addr) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 __be64 *p = (__force __be64 *)addr; return ((p[0] ^ cpu_to_be64(0xff02000000000000UL)) | (p[1] ^ cpu_to_be64(1))) == 0UL; #else return ((addr->s6_addr32[0] ^ htonl(0xff020000)) | addr->s6_addr32[1] | addr->s6_addr32[2] | (addr->s6_addr32[3] ^ htonl(0x00000001))) == 0; #endif } static inline bool ipv6_addr_is_ll_all_routers(const struct in6_addr *addr) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 __be64 *p = (__force __be64 *)addr; return ((p[0] ^ cpu_to_be64(0xff02000000000000UL)) | (p[1] ^ cpu_to_be64(2))) == 0UL; #else return ((addr->s6_addr32[0] ^ htonl(0xff020000)) | addr->s6_addr32[1] | addr->s6_addr32[2] | (addr->s6_addr32[3] ^ htonl(0x00000002))) == 0; #endif } static inline bool ipv6_addr_is_isatap(const struct in6_addr *addr) { return (addr->s6_addr32[2] | htonl(0x02000000)) == htonl(0x02005EFE); } static inline bool ipv6_addr_is_solict_mult(const struct in6_addr *addr) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 __be64 *p = (__force __be64 *)addr; return ((p[0] ^ cpu_to_be64(0xff02000000000000UL)) | ((p[1] ^ cpu_to_be64(0x00000001ff000000UL)) & cpu_to_be64(0xffffffffff000000UL))) == 0UL; #else return ((addr->s6_addr32[0] ^ htonl(0xff020000)) | addr->s6_addr32[1] | (addr->s6_addr32[2] ^ htonl(0x00000001)) | (addr->s6_addr[12] ^ 0xff)) == 0; #endif } static inline bool ipv6_addr_is_all_snoopers(const struct in6_addr *addr) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 __be64 *p = (__force __be64 *)addr; return ((p[0] ^ cpu_to_be64(0xff02000000000000UL)) | (p[1] ^ cpu_to_be64(0x6a))) == 0UL; #else return ((addr->s6_addr32[0] ^ htonl(0xff020000)) | addr->s6_addr32[1] | addr->s6_addr32[2] | (addr->s6_addr32[3] ^ htonl(0x0000006a))) == 0; #endif } #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS int if6_proc_init(void); void if6_proc_exit(void); #endif #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 #ifndef INTERNAL_IO_WQ_H #define INTERNAL_IO_WQ_H #include <linux/io_uring.h> struct io_wq; enum { IO_WQ_WORK_CANCEL = 1, IO_WQ_WORK_HASHED = 2, IO_WQ_WORK_UNBOUND = 4, IO_WQ_WORK_NO_CANCEL = 8, IO_WQ_WORK_CONCURRENT = 16, IO_WQ_WORK_FILES = 32, IO_WQ_WORK_FS = 64, IO_WQ_WORK_MM = 128, IO_WQ_WORK_CREDS = 256, IO_WQ_WORK_BLKCG = 512, IO_WQ_WORK_FSIZE = 1024, IO_WQ_HASH_SHIFT = 24, /* upper 8 bits are used for hash key */ }; enum io_wq_cancel { IO_WQ_CANCEL_OK, /* cancelled before started */ IO_WQ_CANCEL_RUNNING, /* found, running, and attempted cancelled */ IO_WQ_CANCEL_NOTFOUND, /* work not found */ }; struct io_wq_work_node { struct io_wq_work_node *next; }; struct io_wq_work_list { struct io_wq_work_node *first; struct io_wq_work_node *last; }; static inline void wq_list_add_after(struct io_wq_work_node *node, struct io_wq_work_node *pos, struct io_wq_work_list *list) { struct io_wq_work_node *next = pos->next; pos->next = node; node->next = next; if (!next) list->last = node; } static inline void wq_list_add_tail(struct io_wq_work_node *node, struct io_wq_work_list *list) { if (!list->first) { list->last = node; WRITE_ONCE(list->first, node); } else { list->last->next = node; list->last = node; } node->next = NULL; } static inline void wq_list_cut(struct io_wq_work_list *list, struct io_wq_work_node *last, struct io_wq_work_node *prev) { /* first in the list, if prev==NULL */ if (!prev) WRITE_ONCE(list->first, last->next); else prev->next = last->next; if (last == list->last) list->last = prev; last->next = NULL; } static inline void wq_list_del(struct io_wq_work_list *list, struct io_wq_work_node *node, struct io_wq_work_node *prev) { wq_list_cut(list, node, prev); } #define wq_list_for_each(pos, prv, head) \ for (pos = (head)->first, prv = NULL; pos; prv = pos, pos = (pos)->next) #define wq_list_empty(list) (READ_ONCE((list)->first) == NULL) #define INIT_WQ_LIST(list) do { \ (list)->first = NULL; \ (list)->last = NULL; \ } while (0) struct io_wq_work { struct io_wq_work_node list; struct io_identity *identity; unsigned flags; }; static inline struct io_wq_work *wq_next_work(struct io_wq_work *work) { if (!work->list.next) return NULL; return container_of(work->list.next, struct io_wq_work, list); } typedef void (free_work_fn)(struct io_wq_work *); typedef struct io_wq_work *(io_wq_work_fn)(struct io_wq_work *); struct io_wq_data { struct user_struct *user; io_wq_work_fn *do_work; free_work_fn *free_work; }; struct io_wq *io_wq_create(unsigned bounded, struct io_wq_data *data); bool io_wq_get(struct io_wq *wq, struct io_wq_data *data); void io_wq_destroy(struct io_wq *wq); void io_wq_enqueue(struct io_wq *wq, struct io_wq_work *work); void io_wq_hash_work(struct io_wq_work *work, void *val); static inline bool io_wq_is_hashed(struct io_wq_work *work) { return work->flags & IO_WQ_WORK_HASHED; } void io_wq_cancel_all(struct io_wq *wq); typedef bool (work_cancel_fn)(struct io_wq_work *, void *); enum io_wq_cancel io_wq_cancel_cb(struct io_wq *wq, work_cancel_fn *cancel, void *data, bool cancel_all); struct task_struct *io_wq_get_task(struct io_wq *wq); #if defined(CONFIG_IO_WQ) extern void io_wq_worker_sleeping(struct task_struct *); extern void io_wq_worker_running(struct task_struct *); #else static inline void io_wq_worker_sleeping(struct task_struct *tsk) { } static inline void io_wq_worker_running(struct task_struct *tsk) { } #endif static inline bool io_wq_current_is_worker(void) { return in_task() && (current->flags & PF_IO_WORKER); } #endif
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3618 3619 3620 3621 3622 3623 3624 3625 3626 3627 3628 3629 3630 3631 3632 3633 3634 3635 3636 3637 3638 3639 3640 3641 3642 3643 3644 3645 3646 3647 3648 3649 3650 3651 3652 3653 3654 3655 3656 3657 3658 3659 3660 3661 3662 3663 3664 3665 3666 3667 3668 3669 3670 3671 3672 3673 3674 3675 3676 3677 3678 3679 3680 3681 3682 3683 3684 3685 3686 3687 3688 3689 3690 3691 3692 3693 3694 3695 3696 3697 3698 3699 3700 3701 3702 3703 3704 3705 3706 3707 3708 3709 3710 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Generic socket support routines. Memory allocators, socket lock/release * handler for protocols to use and generic option handler. * * Authors: Ross Biro * Fred N. van Kempen, <waltje@uWalt.NL.Mugnet.ORG> * Florian La Roche, <flla@stud.uni-sb.de> * Alan Cox, <A.Cox@swansea.ac.uk> * * Fixes: * Alan Cox : Numerous verify_area() problems * Alan Cox : Connecting on a connecting socket * now returns an error for tcp. * Alan Cox : sock->protocol is set correctly. * and is not sometimes left as 0. * Alan Cox : connect handles icmp errors on a * connect properly. Unfortunately there * is a restart syscall nasty there. I * can't match BSD without hacking the C * library. Ideas urgently sought! * Alan Cox : Disallow bind() to addresses that are * not ours - especially broadcast ones!! * Alan Cox : Socket 1024 _IS_ ok for users. (fencepost) * Alan Cox : sock_wfree/sock_rfree don't destroy sockets, * instead they leave that for the DESTROY timer. * Alan Cox : Clean up error flag in accept * Alan Cox : TCP ack handling is buggy, the DESTROY timer * was buggy. Put a remove_sock() in the handler * for memory when we hit 0. Also altered the timer * code. The ACK stuff can wait and needs major * TCP layer surgery. * Alan Cox : Fixed TCP ack bug, removed remove sock * and fixed timer/inet_bh race. * Alan Cox : Added zapped flag for TCP * Alan Cox : Move kfree_skb into skbuff.c and tidied up surplus code * Alan Cox : for new sk_buff allocations wmalloc/rmalloc now call alloc_skb * Alan Cox : kfree_s calls now are kfree_skbmem so we can track skb resources * Alan Cox : Supports socket option broadcast now as does udp. Packet and raw need fixing. * Alan Cox : Added RCVBUF,SNDBUF size setting. It suddenly occurred to me how easy it was so... * Rick Sladkey : Relaxed UDP rules for matching packets. * C.E.Hawkins : IFF_PROMISC/SIOCGHWADDR support * Pauline Middelink : identd support * Alan Cox : Fixed connect() taking signals I think. * Alan Cox : SO_LINGER supported * Alan Cox : Error reporting fixes * Anonymous : inet_create tidied up (sk->reuse setting) * Alan Cox : inet sockets don't set sk->type! * Alan Cox : Split socket option code * Alan Cox : Callbacks * Alan Cox : Nagle flag for Charles & Johannes stuff * Alex : Removed restriction on inet fioctl * Alan Cox : Splitting INET from NET core * Alan Cox : Fixed bogus SO_TYPE handling in getsockopt() * Adam Caldwell : Missing return in SO_DONTROUTE/SO_DEBUG code * Alan Cox : Split IP from generic code * Alan Cox : New kfree_skbmem() * Alan Cox : Make SO_DEBUG superuser only. * Alan Cox : Allow anyone to clear SO_DEBUG * (compatibility fix) * Alan Cox : Added optimistic memory grabbing for AF_UNIX throughput. * Alan Cox : Allocator for a socket is settable. * Alan Cox : SO_ERROR includes soft errors. * Alan Cox : Allow NULL arguments on some SO_ opts * Alan Cox : Generic socket allocation to make hooks * easier (suggested by Craig Metz). * Michael Pall : SO_ERROR returns positive errno again * Steve Whitehouse: Added default destructor to free * protocol private data. * Steve Whitehouse: Added various other default routines * common to several socket families. * Chris Evans : Call suser() check last on F_SETOWN * Jay Schulist : Added SO_ATTACH_FILTER and SO_DETACH_FILTER. * Andi Kleen : Add sock_kmalloc()/sock_kfree_s() * Andi Kleen : Fix write_space callback * Chris Evans : Security fixes - signedness again * Arnaldo C. Melo : cleanups, use skb_queue_purge * * To Fix: */ #define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt #include <asm/unaligned.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/errqueue.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/socket.h> #include <linux/in.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/proc_fs.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/timer.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/sockios.h> #include <linux/net.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/poll.h> #include <linux/tcp.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/user_namespace.h> #include <linux/static_key.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/prefetch.h> #include <linux/compat.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <net/protocol.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <net/net_namespace.h> #include <net/request_sock.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <linux/net_tstamp.h> #include <net/xfrm.h> #include <linux/ipsec.h> #include <net/cls_cgroup.h> #include <net/netprio_cgroup.h> #include <linux/sock_diag.h> #include <linux/filter.h> #include <net/sock_reuseport.h> #include <net/bpf_sk_storage.h> #include <trace/events/sock.h> #include <net/tcp.h> #include <net/busy_poll.h> static DEFINE_MUTEX(proto_list_mutex); static LIST_HEAD(proto_list); static void sock_inuse_add(struct net *net, int val); /** * sk_ns_capable - General socket capability test * @sk: Socket to use a capability on or through * @user_ns: The user namespace of the capability to use * @cap: The capability to use * * Test to see if the opener of the socket had when the socket was * created and the current process has the capability @cap in the user * namespace @user_ns. */ bool sk_ns_capable(const struct sock *sk, struct user_namespace *user_ns, int cap) { return file_ns_capable(sk->sk_socket->file, user_ns, cap) && ns_capable(user_ns, cap); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sk_ns_capable); /** * sk_capable - Socket global capability test * @sk: Socket to use a capability on or through * @cap: The global capability to use * * Test to see if the opener of the socket had when the socket was * created and the current process has the capability @cap in all user * namespaces. */ bool sk_capable(const struct sock *sk, int cap) { return sk_ns_capable(sk, &init_user_ns, cap); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sk_capable); /** * sk_net_capable - Network namespace socket capability test * @sk: Socket to use a capability on or through * @cap: The capability to use * * Test to see if the opener of the socket had when the socket was created * and the current process has the capability @cap over the network namespace * the socket is a member of. */ bool sk_net_capable(const struct sock *sk, int cap) { return sk_ns_capable(sk, sock_net(sk)->user_ns, cap); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sk_net_capable); /* * Each address family might have different locking rules, so we have * one slock key per address family and separate keys for internal and * userspace sockets. */ static struct lock_class_key af_family_keys[AF_MAX]; static struct lock_class_key af_family_kern_keys[AF_MAX]; static struct lock_class_key af_family_slock_keys[AF_MAX]; static struct lock_class_key af_family_kern_slock_keys[AF_MAX]; /* * Make lock validator output more readable. (we pre-construct these * strings build-time, so that runtime initialization of socket * locks is fast): */ #define _sock_locks(x) \ x "AF_UNSPEC", x "AF_UNIX" , x "AF_INET" , \ x "AF_AX25" , x "AF_IPX" , x "AF_APPLETALK", \ x "AF_NETROM", x "AF_BRIDGE" , x "AF_ATMPVC" , \ x "AF_X25" , x "AF_INET6" , x "AF_ROSE" , \ x "AF_DECnet", x "AF_NETBEUI" , x "AF_SECURITY" , \ x "AF_KEY" , x "AF_NETLINK" , x "AF_PACKET" , \ x "AF_ASH" , x "AF_ECONET" , x "AF_ATMSVC" , \ x "AF_RDS" , x "AF_SNA" , x "AF_IRDA" , \ x "AF_PPPOX" , x "AF_WANPIPE" , x "AF_LLC" , \ x "27" , x "28" , x "AF_CAN" , \ x "AF_TIPC" , x "AF_BLUETOOTH", x "IUCV" , \ x "AF_RXRPC" , x "AF_ISDN" , x "AF_PHONET" , \ x "AF_IEEE802154", x "AF_CAIF" , x "AF_ALG" , \ x "AF_NFC" , x "AF_VSOCK" , x "AF_KCM" , \ x "AF_QIPCRTR", x "AF_SMC" , x "AF_XDP" , \ x "AF_MAX" static const char *const af_family_key_strings[AF_MAX+1] = { _sock_locks("sk_lock-") }; static const char *const af_family_slock_key_strings[AF_MAX+1] = { _sock_locks("slock-") }; static const char *const af_family_clock_key_strings[AF_MAX+1] = { _sock_locks("clock-") }; static const char *const af_family_kern_key_strings[AF_MAX+1] = { _sock_locks("k-sk_lock-") }; static const char *const af_family_kern_slock_key_strings[AF_MAX+1] = { _sock_locks("k-slock-") }; static const char *const af_family_kern_clock_key_strings[AF_MAX+1] = { _sock_locks("k-clock-") }; static const char *const af_family_rlock_key_strings[AF_MAX+1] = { _sock_locks("rlock-") }; static const char *const af_family_wlock_key_strings[AF_MAX+1] = { _sock_locks("wlock-") }; static const char *const af_family_elock_key_strings[AF_MAX+1] = { _sock_locks("elock-") }; /* * sk_callback_lock and sk queues locking rules are per-address-family, * so split the lock classes by using a per-AF key: */ static struct lock_class_key af_callback_keys[AF_MAX]; static struct lock_class_key af_rlock_keys[AF_MAX]; static struct lock_class_key af_wlock_keys[AF_MAX]; static struct lock_class_key af_elock_keys[AF_MAX]; static struct lock_class_key af_kern_callback_keys[AF_MAX]; /* Run time adjustable parameters. */ __u32 sysctl_wmem_max __read_mostly = SK_WMEM_MAX; EXPORT_SYMBOL(sysctl_wmem_max); __u32 sysctl_rmem_max __read_mostly = SK_RMEM_MAX; EXPORT_SYMBOL(sysctl_rmem_max); __u32 sysctl_wmem_default __read_mostly = SK_WMEM_MAX; __u32 sysctl_rmem_default __read_mostly = SK_RMEM_MAX; /* Maximal space eaten by iovec or ancillary data plus some space */ int sysctl_optmem_max __read_mostly = sizeof(unsigned long)*(2*UIO_MAXIOV+512); EXPORT_SYMBOL(sysctl_optmem_max); int sysctl_tstamp_allow_data __read_mostly = 1; DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(memalloc_socks_key); EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(memalloc_socks_key); /** * sk_set_memalloc - sets %SOCK_MEMALLOC * @sk: socket to set it on * * Set %SOCK_MEMALLOC on a socket for access to emergency reserves. * It's the responsibility of the admin to adjust min_free_kbytes * to meet the requirements */ void sk_set_memalloc(struct sock *sk) { sock_set_flag(sk, SOCK_MEMALLOC); sk->sk_allocation |= __GFP_MEMALLOC; static_branch_inc(&memalloc_socks_key); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sk_set_memalloc); void sk_clear_memalloc(struct sock *sk) { sock_reset_flag(sk, SOCK_MEMALLOC); sk->sk_allocation &= ~__GFP_MEMALLOC; static_branch_dec(&memalloc_socks_key); /* * SOCK_MEMALLOC is allowed to ignore rmem limits to ensure forward * progress of swapping. SOCK_MEMALLOC may be cleared while * it has rmem allocations due to the last swapfile being deactivated * but there is a risk that the socket is unusable due to exceeding * the rmem limits. Reclaim the reserves and obey rmem limits again. */ sk_mem_reclaim(sk); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sk_clear_memalloc); int __sk_backlog_rcv(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { int ret; unsigned int noreclaim_flag; /* these should have been dropped before queueing */ BUG_ON(!sock_flag(sk, SOCK_MEMALLOC)); noreclaim_flag = memalloc_noreclaim_save(); ret = sk->sk_backlog_rcv(sk, skb); memalloc_noreclaim_restore(noreclaim_flag); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__sk_backlog_rcv); static int sock_get_timeout(long timeo, void *optval, bool old_timeval) { struct __kernel_sock_timeval tv; if (timeo == MAX_SCHEDULE_TIMEOUT) { tv.tv_sec = 0; tv.tv_usec = 0; } else { tv.tv_sec = timeo / HZ; tv.tv_usec = ((timeo % HZ) * USEC_PER_SEC) / HZ; } if (old_timeval && in_compat_syscall() && !COMPAT_USE_64BIT_TIME) { struct old_timeval32 tv32 = { tv.tv_sec, tv.tv_usec }; *(struct old_timeval32 *)optval = tv32; return sizeof(tv32); } if (old_timeval) { struct __kernel_old_timeval old_tv; old_tv.tv_sec = tv.tv_sec; old_tv.tv_usec = tv.tv_usec; *(struct __kernel_old_timeval *)optval = old_tv; return sizeof(old_tv); } *(struct __kernel_sock_timeval *)optval = tv; return sizeof(tv); } static int sock_set_timeout(long *timeo_p, sockptr_t optval, int optlen, bool old_timeval) { struct __kernel_sock_timeval tv; if (old_timeval && in_compat_syscall() && !COMPAT_USE_64BIT_TIME) { struct old_timeval32 tv32; if (optlen < sizeof(tv32)) return -EINVAL; if (copy_from_sockptr(&tv32, optval, sizeof(tv32))) return -EFAULT; tv.tv_sec = tv32.tv_sec; tv.tv_usec = tv32.tv_usec; } else if (old_timeval) { struct __kernel_old_timeval old_tv; if (optlen < sizeof(old_tv)) return -EINVAL; if (copy_from_sockptr(&old_tv, optval, sizeof(old_tv))) return -EFAULT; tv.tv_sec = old_tv.tv_sec; tv.tv_usec = old_tv.tv_usec; } else { if (optlen < sizeof(tv)) return -EINVAL; if (copy_from_sockptr(&tv, optval, sizeof(tv))) return -EFAULT; } if (tv.tv_usec < 0 || tv.tv_usec >= USEC_PER_SEC) return -EDOM; if (tv.tv_sec < 0) { static int warned __read_mostly; *timeo_p = 0; if (warned < 10 && net_ratelimit()) { warned++; pr_info("%s: `%s' (pid %d) tries to set negative timeout\n", __func__, current->comm, task_pid_nr(current)); } return 0; } *timeo_p = MAX_SCHEDULE_TIMEOUT; if (tv.tv_sec == 0 && tv.tv_usec == 0) return 0; if (tv.tv_sec < (MAX_SCHEDULE_TIMEOUT / HZ - 1)) *timeo_p = tv.tv_sec * HZ + DIV_ROUND_UP((unsigned long)tv.tv_usec, USEC_PER_SEC / HZ); return 0; } static bool sock_needs_netstamp(const struct sock *sk) { switch (sk->sk_family) { case AF_UNSPEC: case AF_UNIX: return false; default: return true; } } static void sock_disable_timestamp(struct sock *sk, unsigned long flags) { if (sk->sk_flags & flags) { sk->sk_flags &= ~flags; if (sock_needs_netstamp(sk) && !(sk->sk_flags & SK_FLAGS_TIMESTAMP)) net_disable_timestamp(); } } int __sock_queue_rcv_skb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { unsigned long flags; struct sk_buff_head *list = &sk->sk_receive_queue; if (atomic_read(&sk->sk_rmem_alloc) >= sk->sk_rcvbuf) { atomic_inc(&sk->sk_drops); trace_sock_rcvqueue_full(sk, skb); return -ENOMEM; } if (!sk_rmem_schedule(sk, skb, skb->truesize)) { atomic_inc(&sk->sk_drops); return -ENOBUFS; } skb->dev = NULL; skb_set_owner_r(skb, sk); /* we escape from rcu protected region, make sure we dont leak * a norefcounted dst */ skb_dst_force(skb); spin_lock_irqsave(&list->lock, flags); sock_skb_set_dropcount(sk, skb); __skb_queue_tail(list, skb); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&list->lock, flags); if (!sock_flag(sk, SOCK_DEAD)) sk->sk_data_ready(sk); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__sock_queue_rcv_skb); int sock_queue_rcv_skb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { int err; err = sk_filter(sk, skb); if (err) return err; return __sock_queue_rcv_skb(sk, skb); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_queue_rcv_skb); int __sk_receive_skb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, const int nested, unsigned int trim_cap, bool refcounted) { int rc = NET_RX_SUCCESS; if (sk_filter_trim_cap(sk, skb, trim_cap)) goto discard_and_relse; skb->dev = NULL; if (sk_rcvqueues_full(sk, sk->sk_rcvbuf)) { atomic_inc(&sk->sk_drops); goto discard_and_relse; } if (nested) bh_lock_sock_nested(sk); else bh_lock_sock(sk); if (!sock_owned_by_user(sk)) { /* * trylock + unlock semantics: */ mutex_acquire(&sk->sk_lock.dep_map, 0, 1, _RET_IP_); rc = sk_backlog_rcv(sk, skb); mutex_release(&sk->sk_lock.dep_map, _RET_IP_); } else if (sk_add_backlog(sk, skb, READ_ONCE(sk->sk_rcvbuf))) { bh_unlock_sock(sk); atomic_inc(&sk->sk_drops); goto discard_and_relse; } bh_unlock_sock(sk); out: if (refcounted) sock_put(sk); return rc; discard_and_relse: kfree_skb(skb); goto out; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__sk_receive_skb); struct dst_entry *__sk_dst_check(struct sock *sk, u32 cookie) { struct dst_entry *dst = __sk_dst_get(sk); if (dst && dst->obsolete && dst->ops->check(dst, cookie) == NULL) { sk_tx_queue_clear(sk); sk->sk_dst_pending_confirm = 0; RCU_INIT_POINTER(sk->sk_dst_cache, NULL); dst_release(dst); return NULL; } return dst; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__sk_dst_check); struct dst_entry *sk_dst_check(struct sock *sk, u32 cookie) { struct dst_entry *dst = sk_dst_get(sk); if (dst && dst->obsolete && dst->ops->check(dst, cookie) == NULL) { sk_dst_reset(sk); dst_release(dst); return NULL; } return dst; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sk_dst_check); static int sock_bindtoindex_locked(struct sock *sk, int ifindex) { int ret = -ENOPROTOOPT; #ifdef CONFIG_NETDEVICES struct net *net = sock_net(sk); /* Sorry... */ ret = -EPERM; if (sk->sk_bound_dev_if && !ns_capable(net->user_ns, CAP_NET_RAW)) goto out; ret = -EINVAL; if (ifindex < 0) goto out; sk->sk_bound_dev_if = ifindex; if (sk->sk_prot->rehash) sk->sk_prot->rehash(sk); sk_dst_reset(sk); ret = 0; out: #endif return ret; } int sock_bindtoindex(struct sock *sk, int ifindex, bool lock_sk) { int ret; if (lock_sk) lock_sock(sk); ret = sock_bindtoindex_locked(sk, ifindex); if (lock_sk) release_sock(sk); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_bindtoindex); static int sock_setbindtodevice(struct sock *sk, sockptr_t optval, int optlen) { int ret = -ENOPROTOOPT; #ifdef CONFIG_NETDEVICES struct net *net = sock_net(sk); char devname[IFNAMSIZ]; int index; ret = -EINVAL; if (optlen < 0) goto out; /* Bind this socket to a particular device like "eth0", * as specified in the passed interface name. If the * name is "" or the option length is zero the socket * is not bound. */ if (optlen > IFNAMSIZ - 1) optlen = IFNAMSIZ - 1; memset(devname, 0, sizeof(devname)); ret = -EFAULT; if (copy_from_sockptr(devname, optval, optlen)) goto out; index = 0; if (devname[0] != '\0') { struct net_device *dev; rcu_read_lock(); dev = dev_get_by_name_rcu(net, devname); if (dev) index = dev->ifindex; rcu_read_unlock(); ret = -ENODEV; if (!dev) goto out; } return sock_bindtoindex(sk, index, true); out: #endif return ret; } static int sock_getbindtodevice(struct sock *sk, char __user *optval, int __user *optlen, int len) { int ret = -ENOPROTOOPT; #ifdef CONFIG_NETDEVICES struct net *net = sock_net(sk); char devname[IFNAMSIZ]; if (sk->sk_bound_dev_if == 0) { len = 0; goto zero; } ret = -EINVAL; if (len < IFNAMSIZ) goto out; ret = netdev_get_name(net, devname, sk->sk_bound_dev_if); if (ret) goto out; len = strlen(devname) + 1; ret = -EFAULT; if (copy_to_user(optval, devname, len)) goto out; zero: ret = -EFAULT; if (put_user(len, optlen)) goto out; ret = 0; out: #endif return ret; } bool sk_mc_loop(struct sock *sk) { if (dev_recursion_level()) return false; if (!sk) return true; switch (sk->sk_family) { case AF_INET: return inet_sk(sk)->mc_loop; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) case AF_INET6: return inet6_sk(sk)->mc_loop; #endif } WARN_ON_ONCE(1); return true; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sk_mc_loop); void sock_set_reuseaddr(struct sock *sk) { lock_sock(sk); sk->sk_reuse = SK_CAN_REUSE; release_sock(sk); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_set_reuseaddr); void sock_set_reuseport(struct sock *sk) { lock_sock(sk); sk->sk_reuseport = true; release_sock(sk); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_set_reuseport); void sock_no_linger(struct sock *sk) { lock_sock(sk); sk->sk_lingertime = 0; sock_set_flag(sk, SOCK_LINGER); release_sock(sk); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_no_linger); void sock_set_priority(struct sock *sk, u32 priority) { lock_sock(sk); sk->sk_priority = priority; release_sock(sk); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_set_priority); void sock_set_sndtimeo(struct sock *sk, s64 secs) { lock_sock(sk); if (secs && secs < MAX_SCHEDULE_TIMEOUT / HZ - 1) sk->sk_sndtimeo = secs * HZ; else sk->sk_sndtimeo = MAX_SCHEDULE_TIMEOUT; release_sock(sk); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_set_sndtimeo); static void __sock_set_timestamps(struct sock *sk, bool val, bool new, bool ns) { if (val) { sock_valbool_flag(sk, SOCK_TSTAMP_NEW, new); sock_valbool_flag(sk, SOCK_RCVTSTAMPNS, ns); sock_set_flag(sk, SOCK_RCVTSTAMP); sock_enable_timestamp(sk, SOCK_TIMESTAMP); } else { sock_reset_flag(sk, SOCK_RCVTSTAMP); sock_reset_flag(sk, SOCK_RCVTSTAMPNS); } } void sock_enable_timestamps(struct sock *sk) { lock_sock(sk); __sock_set_timestamps(sk, true, false, true); release_sock(sk); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_enable_timestamps); void sock_set_keepalive(struct sock *sk) { lock_sock(sk); if (sk->sk_prot->keepalive) sk->sk_prot->keepalive(sk, true); sock_valbool_flag(sk, SOCK_KEEPOPEN, true); release_sock(sk); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_set_keepalive); static void __sock_set_rcvbuf(struct sock *sk, int val) { /* Ensure val * 2 fits into an int, to prevent max_t() from treating it * as a negative value. */ val = min_t(int, val, INT_MAX / 2); sk->sk_userlocks |= SOCK_RCVBUF_LOCK; /* We double it on the way in to account for "struct sk_buff" etc. * overhead. Applications assume that the SO_RCVBUF setting they make * will allow that much actual data to be received on that socket. * * Applications are unaware that "struct sk_buff" and other overheads * allocate from the receive buffer during socket buffer allocation. * * And after considering the possible alternatives, returning the value * we actually used in getsockopt is the most desirable behavior. */ WRITE_ONCE(sk->sk_rcvbuf, max_t(int, val * 2, SOCK_MIN_RCVBUF)); } void sock_set_rcvbuf(struct sock *sk, int val) { lock_sock(sk); __sock_set_rcvbuf(sk, val); release_sock(sk); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_set_rcvbuf); static void __sock_set_mark(struct sock *sk, u32 val) { if (val != sk->sk_mark) { sk->sk_mark = val; sk_dst_reset(sk); } } void sock_set_mark(struct sock *sk, u32 val) { lock_sock(sk); __sock_set_mark(sk, val); release_sock(sk); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_set_mark); /* * This is meant for all protocols to use and covers goings on * at the socket level. Everything here is generic. */ int sock_setsockopt(struct socket *sock, int level, int optname, sockptr_t optval, unsigned int optlen) { struct sock_txtime sk_txtime; struct sock *sk = sock->sk; int val; int valbool; struct linger ling; int ret = 0; /* * Options without arguments */ if (optname == SO_BINDTODEVICE) return sock_setbindtodevice(sk, optval, optlen); if (optlen < sizeof(int)) return -EINVAL; if (copy_from_sockptr(&val, optval, sizeof(val))) return -EFAULT; valbool = val ? 1 : 0; lock_sock(sk); switch (optname) { case SO_DEBUG: if (val && !capable(CAP_NET_ADMIN)) ret = -EACCES; else sock_valbool_flag(sk, SOCK_DBG, valbool); break; case SO_REUSEADDR: sk->sk_reuse = (valbool ? SK_CAN_REUSE : SK_NO_REUSE); break; case SO_REUSEPORT: sk->sk_reuseport = valbool; break; case SO_TYPE: case SO_PROTOCOL: case SO_DOMAIN: case SO_ERROR: ret = -ENOPROTOOPT; break; case SO_DONTROUTE: sock_valbool_flag(sk, SOCK_LOCALROUTE, valbool); sk_dst_reset(sk); break; case SO_BROADCAST: sock_valbool_flag(sk, SOCK_BROADCAST, valbool); break; case SO_SNDBUF: /* Don't error on this BSD doesn't and if you think * about it this is right. Otherwise apps have to * play 'guess the biggest size' games. RCVBUF/SNDBUF * are treated in BSD as hints */ val = min_t(u32, val, sysctl_wmem_max); set_sndbuf: /* Ensure val * 2 fits into an int, to prevent max_t() * from treating it as a negative value. */ val = min_t(int, val, INT_MAX / 2); sk->sk_userlocks |= SOCK_SNDBUF_LOCK; WRITE_ONCE(sk->sk_sndbuf, max_t(int, val * 2, SOCK_MIN_SNDBUF)); /* Wake up sending tasks if we upped the value. */ sk->sk_write_space(sk); break; case SO_SNDBUFFORCE: if (!capable(CAP_NET_ADMIN)) { ret = -EPERM; break; } /* No negative values (to prevent underflow, as val will be * multiplied by 2). */ if (val < 0) val = 0; goto set_sndbuf; case SO_RCVBUF: /* Don't error on this BSD doesn't and if you think * about it this is right. Otherwise apps have to * play 'guess the biggest size' games. RCVBUF/SNDBUF * are treated in BSD as hints */ __sock_set_rcvbuf(sk, min_t(u32, val, sysctl_rmem_max)); break; case SO_RCVBUFFORCE: if (!capable(CAP_NET_ADMIN)) { ret = -EPERM; break; } /* No negative values (to prevent underflow, as val will be * multiplied by 2). */ __sock_set_rcvbuf(sk, max(val, 0)); break; case SO_KEEPALIVE: if (sk->sk_prot->keepalive) sk->sk_prot->keepalive(sk, valbool); sock_valbool_flag(sk, SOCK_KEEPOPEN, valbool); break; case SO_OOBINLINE: sock_valbool_flag(sk, SOCK_URGINLINE, valbool); break; case SO_NO_CHECK: sk->sk_no_check_tx = valbool; break; case SO_PRIORITY: if ((val >= 0 && val <= 6) || ns_capable(sock_net(sk)->user_ns, CAP_NET_ADMIN)) sk->sk_priority = val; else ret = -EPERM; break; case SO_LINGER: if (optlen < sizeof(ling)) { ret = -EINVAL; /* 1003.1g */ break; } if (copy_from_sockptr(&ling, optval, sizeof(ling))) { ret = -EFAULT; break; } if (!ling.l_onoff) sock_reset_flag(sk, SOCK_LINGER); else { #if (BITS_PER_LONG == 32) if ((unsigned int)ling.l_linger >= MAX_SCHEDULE_TIMEOUT/HZ) sk->sk_lingertime = MAX_SCHEDULE_TIMEOUT; else #endif sk->sk_lingertime = (unsigned int)ling.l_linger * HZ; sock_set_flag(sk, SOCK_LINGER); } break; case SO_BSDCOMPAT: break; case SO_PASSCRED: if (valbool) set_bit(SOCK_PASSCRED, &sock->flags); else clear_bit(SOCK_PASSCRED, &sock->flags); break; case SO_TIMESTAMP_OLD: __sock_set_timestamps(sk, valbool, false, false); break; case SO_TIMESTAMP_NEW: __sock_set_timestamps(sk, valbool, true, false); break; case SO_TIMESTAMPNS_OLD: __sock_set_timestamps(sk, valbool, false, true); break; case SO_TIMESTAMPNS_NEW: __sock_set_timestamps(sk, valbool, true, true); break; case SO_TIMESTAMPING_NEW: case SO_TIMESTAMPING_OLD: if (val & ~SOF_TIMESTAMPING_MASK) { ret = -EINVAL; break; } if (val & SOF_TIMESTAMPING_OPT_ID && !(sk->sk_tsflags & SOF_TIMESTAMPING_OPT_ID)) { if (sk->sk_protocol == IPPROTO_TCP && sk->sk_type == SOCK_STREAM) { if ((1 << sk->sk_state) & (TCPF_CLOSE | TCPF_LISTEN)) { ret = -EINVAL; break; } sk->sk_tskey = tcp_sk(sk)->snd_una; } else { sk->sk_tskey = 0; } } if (val & SOF_TIMESTAMPING_OPT_STATS && !(val & SOF_TIMESTAMPING_OPT_TSONLY)) { ret = -EINVAL; break; } sk->sk_tsflags = val; sock_valbool_flag(sk, SOCK_TSTAMP_NEW, optname == SO_TIMESTAMPING_NEW); if (val & SOF_TIMESTAMPING_RX_SOFTWARE) sock_enable_timestamp(sk, SOCK_TIMESTAMPING_RX_SOFTWARE); else sock_disable_timestamp(sk, (1UL << SOCK_TIMESTAMPING_RX_SOFTWARE)); break; case SO_RCVLOWAT: if (val < 0) val = INT_MAX; if (sock->ops->set_rcvlowat) ret = sock->ops->set_rcvlowat(sk, val); else WRITE_ONCE(sk->sk_rcvlowat, val ? : 1); break; case SO_RCVTIMEO_OLD: case SO_RCVTIMEO_NEW: ret = sock_set_timeout(&sk->sk_rcvtimeo, optval, optlen, optname == SO_RCVTIMEO_OLD); break; case SO_SNDTIMEO_OLD: case SO_SNDTIMEO_NEW: ret = sock_set_timeout(&sk->sk_sndtimeo, optval, optlen, optname == SO_SNDTIMEO_OLD); break; case SO_ATTACH_FILTER: { struct sock_fprog fprog; ret = copy_bpf_fprog_from_user(&fprog, optval, optlen); if (!ret) ret = sk_attach_filter(&fprog, sk); break; } case SO_ATTACH_BPF: ret = -EINVAL; if (optlen == sizeof(u32)) { u32 ufd; ret = -EFAULT; if (copy_from_sockptr(&ufd, optval, sizeof(ufd))) break; ret = sk_attach_bpf(ufd, sk); } break; case SO_ATTACH_REUSEPORT_CBPF: { struct sock_fprog fprog; ret = copy_bpf_fprog_from_user(&fprog, optval, optlen); if (!ret) ret = sk_reuseport_attach_filter(&fprog, sk); break; } case SO_ATTACH_REUSEPORT_EBPF: ret = -EINVAL; if (optlen == sizeof(u32)) { u32 ufd; ret = -EFAULT; if (copy_from_sockptr(&ufd, optval, sizeof(ufd))) break; ret = sk_reuseport_attach_bpf(ufd, sk); } break; case SO_DETACH_REUSEPORT_BPF: ret = reuseport_detach_prog(sk); break; case SO_DETACH_FILTER: ret = sk_detach_filter(sk); break; case SO_LOCK_FILTER: if (sock_flag(sk, SOCK_FILTER_LOCKED) && !valbool) ret = -EPERM; else sock_valbool_flag(sk, SOCK_FILTER_LOCKED, valbool); break; case SO_PASSSEC: if (valbool) set_bit(SOCK_PASSSEC, &sock->flags); else clear_bit(SOCK_PASSSEC, &sock->flags); break; case SO_MARK: if (!ns_capable(sock_net(sk)->user_ns, CAP_NET_ADMIN)) { ret = -EPERM; break; } __sock_set_mark(sk, val); break; case SO_RXQ_OVFL: sock_valbool_flag(sk, SOCK_RXQ_OVFL, valbool); break; case SO_WIFI_STATUS: sock_valbool_flag(sk, SOCK_WIFI_STATUS, valbool); break; case SO_PEEK_OFF: if (sock->ops->set_peek_off) ret = sock->ops->set_peek_off(sk, val); else ret = -EOPNOTSUPP; break; case SO_NOFCS: sock_valbool_flag(sk, SOCK_NOFCS, valbool); break; case SO_SELECT_ERR_QUEUE: sock_valbool_flag(sk, SOCK_SELECT_ERR_QUEUE, valbool); break; #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL case SO_BUSY_POLL: /* allow unprivileged users to decrease the value */ if ((val > sk->sk_ll_usec) && !capable(CAP_NET_ADMIN)) ret = -EPERM; else { if (val < 0) ret = -EINVAL; else WRITE_ONCE(sk->sk_ll_usec, val); } break; #endif case SO_MAX_PACING_RATE: { unsigned long ulval = (val == ~0U) ? ~0UL : (unsigned int)val; if (sizeof(ulval) != sizeof(val) && optlen >= sizeof(ulval) && copy_from_sockptr(&ulval, optval, sizeof(ulval))) { ret = -EFAULT; break; } if (ulval != ~0UL) cmpxchg(&sk->sk_pacing_status, SK_PACING_NONE, SK_PACING_NEEDED); sk->sk_max_pacing_rate = ulval; sk->sk_pacing_rate = min(sk->sk_pacing_rate, ulval); break; } case SO_INCOMING_CPU: WRITE_ONCE(sk->sk_incoming_cpu, val); break; case SO_CNX_ADVICE: if (val == 1) dst_negative_advice(sk); break; case SO_ZEROCOPY: if (sk->sk_family == PF_INET || sk->sk_family == PF_INET6) { if (!((sk->sk_type == SOCK_STREAM && sk->sk_protocol == IPPROTO_TCP) || (sk->sk_type == SOCK_DGRAM && sk->sk_protocol == IPPROTO_UDP))) ret = -ENOTSUPP; } else if (sk->sk_family != PF_RDS) { ret = -ENOTSUPP; } if (!ret) { if (val < 0 || val > 1) ret = -EINVAL; else sock_valbool_flag(sk, SOCK_ZEROCOPY, valbool); } break; case SO_TXTIME: if (optlen != sizeof(struct sock_txtime)) { ret = -EINVAL; break; } else if (copy_from_sockptr(&sk_txtime, optval, sizeof(struct sock_txtime))) { ret = -EFAULT; break; } else if (sk_txtime.flags & ~SOF_TXTIME_FLAGS_MASK) { ret = -EINVAL; break; } /* CLOCK_MONOTONIC is only used by sch_fq, and this packet * scheduler has enough safe guards. */ if (sk_txtime.clockid != CLOCK_MONOTONIC && !ns_capable(sock_net(sk)->user_ns, CAP_NET_ADMIN)) { ret = -EPERM; break; } sock_valbool_flag(sk, SOCK_TXTIME, true); sk->sk_clockid = sk_txtime.clockid; sk->sk_txtime_deadline_mode = !!(sk_txtime.flags & SOF_TXTIME_DEADLINE_MODE); sk->sk_txtime_report_errors = !!(sk_txtime.flags & SOF_TXTIME_REPORT_ERRORS); break; case SO_BINDTOIFINDEX: ret = sock_bindtoindex_locked(sk, val); break; default: ret = -ENOPROTOOPT; break; } release_sock(sk); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_setsockopt); static const struct cred *sk_get_peer_cred(struct sock *sk) { const struct cred *cred; spin_lock(&sk->sk_peer_lock); cred = get_cred(sk->sk_peer_cred); spin_unlock(&sk->sk_peer_lock); return cred; } static void cred_to_ucred(struct pid *pid, const struct cred *cred, struct ucred *ucred) { ucred->pid = pid_vnr(pid); ucred->uid = ucred->gid = -1; if (cred) { struct user_namespace *current_ns = current_user_ns(); ucred->uid = from_kuid_munged(current_ns, cred->euid); ucred->gid = from_kgid_munged(current_ns, cred->egid); } } static int groups_to_user(gid_t __user *dst, const struct group_info *src) { struct user_namespace *user_ns = current_user_ns(); int i; for (i = 0; i < src->ngroups; i++) if (put_user(from_kgid_munged(user_ns, src->gid[i]), dst + i)) return -EFAULT; return 0; } int sock_getsockopt(struct socket *sock, int level, int optname, char __user *optval, int __user *optlen) { struct sock *sk = sock->sk; union { int val; u64 val64; unsigned long ulval; struct linger ling; struct old_timeval32 tm32; struct __kernel_old_timeval tm; struct __kernel_sock_timeval stm; struct sock_txtime txtime; } v; int lv = sizeof(int); int len; if (get_user(len, optlen)) return -EFAULT; if (len < 0) return -EINVAL; memset(&v, 0, sizeof(v)); switch (optname) { case SO_DEBUG: v.val = sock_flag(sk, SOCK_DBG); break; case SO_DONTROUTE: v.val = sock_flag(sk, SOCK_LOCALROUTE); break; case SO_BROADCAST: v.val = sock_flag(sk, SOCK_BROADCAST); break; case SO_SNDBUF: v.val = sk->sk_sndbuf; break; case SO_RCVBUF: v.val = sk->sk_rcvbuf; break; case SO_REUSEADDR: v.val = sk->sk_reuse; break; case SO_REUSEPORT: v.val = sk->sk_reuseport; break; case SO_KEEPALIVE: v.val = sock_flag(sk, SOCK_KEEPOPEN); break; case SO_TYPE: v.val = sk->sk_type; break; case SO_PROTOCOL: v.val = sk->sk_protocol; break; case SO_DOMAIN: v.val = sk->sk_family; break; case SO_ERROR: v.val = -sock_error(sk); if (v.val == 0) v.val = xchg(&sk->sk_err_soft, 0); break; case SO_OOBINLINE: v.val = sock_flag(sk, SOCK_URGINLINE); break; case SO_NO_CHECK: v.val = sk->sk_no_check_tx; break; case SO_PRIORITY: v.val = sk->sk_priority; break; case SO_LINGER: lv = sizeof(v.ling); v.ling.l_onoff = sock_flag(sk, SOCK_LINGER); v.ling.l_linger = sk->sk_lingertime / HZ; break; case SO_BSDCOMPAT: break; case SO_TIMESTAMP_OLD: v.val = sock_flag(sk, SOCK_RCVTSTAMP) && !sock_flag(sk, SOCK_TSTAMP_NEW) && !sock_flag(sk, SOCK_RCVTSTAMPNS); break; case SO_TIMESTAMPNS_OLD: v.val = sock_flag(sk, SOCK_RCVTSTAMPNS) && !sock_flag(sk, SOCK_TSTAMP_NEW); break; case SO_TIMESTAMP_NEW: v.val = sock_flag(sk, SOCK_RCVTSTAMP) && sock_flag(sk, SOCK_TSTAMP_NEW); break; case SO_TIMESTAMPNS_NEW: v.val = sock_flag(sk, SOCK_RCVTSTAMPNS) && sock_flag(sk, SOCK_TSTAMP_NEW); break; case SO_TIMESTAMPING_OLD: v.val = sk->sk_tsflags; break; case SO_RCVTIMEO_OLD: case SO_RCVTIMEO_NEW: lv = sock_get_timeout(sk->sk_rcvtimeo, &v, SO_RCVTIMEO_OLD == optname); break; case SO_SNDTIMEO_OLD: case SO_SNDTIMEO_NEW: lv = sock_get_timeout(sk->sk_sndtimeo, &v, SO_SNDTIMEO_OLD == optname); break; case SO_RCVLOWAT: v.val = sk->sk_rcvlowat; break; case SO_SNDLOWAT: v.val = 1; break; case SO_PASSCRED: v.val = !!test_bit(SOCK_PASSCRED, &sock->flags); break; case SO_PEERCRED: { struct ucred peercred; if (len > sizeof(peercred)) len = sizeof(peercred); spin_lock(&sk->sk_peer_lock); cred_to_ucred(sk->sk_peer_pid, sk->sk_peer_cred, &peercred); spin_unlock(&sk->sk_peer_lock); if (copy_to_user(optval, &peercred, len)) return -EFAULT; goto lenout; } case SO_PEERGROUPS: { const struct cred *cred; int ret, n; cred = sk_get_peer_cred(sk); if (!cred) return -ENODATA; n = cred->group_info->ngroups; if (len < n * sizeof(gid_t)) { len = n * sizeof(gid_t); put_cred(cred); return put_user(len, optlen) ? -EFAULT : -ERANGE; } len = n * sizeof(gid_t); ret = groups_to_user((gid_t __user *)optval, cred->group_info); put_cred(cred); if (ret) return ret; goto lenout; } case SO_PEERNAME: { char address[128]; lv = sock->ops->getname(sock, (struct sockaddr *)address, 2); if (lv < 0) return -ENOTCONN; if (lv < len) return -EINVAL; if (copy_to_user(optval, address, len)) return -EFAULT; goto lenout; } /* Dubious BSD thing... Probably nobody even uses it, but * the UNIX standard wants it for whatever reason... -DaveM */ case SO_ACCEPTCONN: v.val = sk->sk_state == TCP_LISTEN; break; case SO_PASSSEC: v.val = !!test_bit(SOCK_PASSSEC, &sock->flags); break; case SO_PEERSEC: return security_socket_getpeersec_stream(sock, optval, optlen, len); case SO_MARK: v.val = sk->sk_mark; break; case SO_RXQ_OVFL: v.val = sock_flag(sk, SOCK_RXQ_OVFL); break; case SO_WIFI_STATUS: v.val = sock_flag(sk, SOCK_WIFI_STATUS); break; case SO_PEEK_OFF: if (!sock->ops->set_peek_off) return -EOPNOTSUPP; v.val = sk->sk_peek_off; break; case SO_NOFCS: v.val = sock_flag(sk, SOCK_NOFCS); break; case SO_BINDTODEVICE: return sock_getbindtodevice(sk, optval, optlen, len); case SO_GET_FILTER: len = sk_get_filter(sk, (struct sock_filter __user *)optval, len); if (len < 0) return len; goto lenout; case SO_LOCK_FILTER: v.val = sock_flag(sk, SOCK_FILTER_LOCKED); break; case SO_BPF_EXTENSIONS: v.val = bpf_tell_extensions(); break; case SO_SELECT_ERR_QUEUE: v.val = sock_flag(sk, SOCK_SELECT_ERR_QUEUE); break; #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL case SO_BUSY_POLL: v.val = sk->sk_ll_usec; break; #endif case SO_MAX_PACING_RATE: if (sizeof(v.ulval) != sizeof(v.val) && len >= sizeof(v.ulval)) { lv = sizeof(v.ulval); v.ulval = sk->sk_max_pacing_rate; } else { /* 32bit version */ v.val = min_t(unsigned long, sk->sk_max_pacing_rate, ~0U); } break; case SO_INCOMING_CPU: v.val = READ_ONCE(sk->sk_incoming_cpu); break; case SO_MEMINFO: { u32 meminfo[SK_MEMINFO_VARS]; sk_get_meminfo(sk, meminfo); len = min_t(unsigned int, len, sizeof(meminfo)); if (copy_to_user(optval, &meminfo, len)) return -EFAULT; goto lenout; } #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL case SO_INCOMING_NAPI_ID: v.val = READ_ONCE(sk->sk_napi_id); /* aggregate non-NAPI IDs down to 0 */ if (v.val < MIN_NAPI_ID) v.val = 0; break; #endif case SO_COOKIE: lv = sizeof(u64); if (len < lv) return -EINVAL; v.val64 = sock_gen_cookie(sk); break; case SO_ZEROCOPY: v.val = sock_flag(sk, SOCK_ZEROCOPY); break; case SO_TXTIME: lv = sizeof(v.txtime); v.txtime.clockid = sk->sk_clockid; v.txtime.flags |= sk->sk_txtime_deadline_mode ? SOF_TXTIME_DEADLINE_MODE : 0; v.txtime.flags |= sk->sk_txtime_report_errors ? SOF_TXTIME_REPORT_ERRORS : 0; break; case SO_BINDTOIFINDEX: v.val = sk->sk_bound_dev_if; break; default: /* We implement the SO_SNDLOWAT etc to not be settable * (1003.1g 7). */ return -ENOPROTOOPT; } if (len > lv) len = lv; if (copy_to_user(optval, &v, len)) return -EFAULT; lenout: if (put_user(len, optlen)) return -EFAULT; return 0; } /* * Initialize an sk_lock. * * (We also register the sk_lock with the lock validator.) */ static inline void sock_lock_init(struct sock *sk) { if (sk->sk_kern_sock) sock_lock_init_class_and_name( sk, af_family_kern_slock_key_strings[sk->sk_family], af_family_kern_slock_keys + sk->sk_family, af_family_kern_key_strings[sk->sk_family], af_family_kern_keys + sk->sk_family); else sock_lock_init_class_and_name( sk, af_family_slock_key_strings[sk->sk_family], af_family_slock_keys + sk->sk_family, af_family_key_strings[sk->sk_family], af_family_keys + sk->sk_family); } /* * Copy all fields from osk to nsk but nsk->sk_refcnt must not change yet, * even temporarly, because of RCU lookups. sk_node should also be left as is. * We must not copy fields between sk_dontcopy_begin and sk_dontcopy_end */ static void sock_copy(struct sock *nsk, const struct sock *osk) { const struct proto *prot = READ_ONCE(osk->sk_prot); #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_NETWORK void *sptr = nsk->sk_security; #endif memcpy(nsk, osk, offsetof(struct sock, sk_dontcopy_begin)); memcpy(&nsk->sk_dontcopy_end, &osk->sk_dontcopy_end, prot->obj_size - offsetof(struct sock, sk_dontcopy_end)); #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_NETWORK nsk->sk_security = sptr; security_sk_clone(osk, nsk); #endif } static struct sock *sk_prot_alloc(struct proto *prot, gfp_t priority, int family) { struct sock *sk; struct kmem_cache *slab; slab = prot->slab; if (slab != NULL) { sk = kmem_cache_alloc(slab, priority & ~__GFP_ZERO); if (!sk) return sk; if (want_init_on_alloc(priority)) sk_prot_clear_nulls(sk, prot->obj_size); } else sk = kmalloc(prot->obj_size, priority); if (sk != NULL) { if (security_sk_alloc(sk, family, priority)) goto out_free; if (!try_module_get(prot->owner)) goto out_free_sec; sk_tx_queue_clear(sk); } return sk; out_free_sec: security_sk_free(sk); out_free: if (slab != NULL) kmem_cache_free(slab, sk); else kfree(sk); return NULL; } static void sk_prot_free(struct proto *prot, struct sock *sk) { struct kmem_cache *slab; struct module *owner; owner = prot->owner; slab = prot->slab; cgroup_sk_free(&sk->sk_cgrp_data); mem_cgroup_sk_free(sk); security_sk_free(sk); if (slab != NULL) kmem_cache_free(slab, sk); else kfree(sk); module_put(owner); } /** * sk_alloc - All socket objects are allocated here * @net: the applicable net namespace * @family: protocol family * @priority: for allocation (%GFP_KERNEL, %GFP_ATOMIC, etc) * @prot: struct proto associated with this new sock instance * @kern: is this to be a kernel socket? */ struct sock *sk_alloc(struct net *net, int family, gfp_t priority, struct proto *prot, int kern) { struct sock *sk; sk = sk_prot_alloc(prot, priority | __GFP_ZERO, family); if (sk) { sk->sk_family = family; /* * See comment in struct sock definition to understand * why we need sk_prot_creator -acme */ sk->sk_prot = sk->sk_prot_creator = prot; sk->sk_kern_sock = kern; sock_lock_init(sk); sk->sk_net_refcnt = kern ? 0 : 1; if (likely(sk->sk_net_refcnt)) { get_net(net); sock_inuse_add(net, 1); } sock_net_set(sk, net); refcount_set(&sk->sk_wmem_alloc, 1); mem_cgroup_sk_alloc(sk); cgroup_sk_alloc(&sk->sk_cgrp_data); sock_update_classid(&sk->sk_cgrp_data); sock_update_netprioidx(&sk->sk_cgrp_data); sk_tx_queue_clear(sk); } return sk; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sk_alloc); /* Sockets having SOCK_RCU_FREE will call this function after one RCU * grace period. This is the case for UDP sockets and TCP listeners. */ static void __sk_destruct(struct rcu_head *head) { struct sock *sk = container_of(head, struct sock, sk_rcu); struct sk_filter *filter; if (sk->sk_destruct) sk->sk_destruct(sk); filter = rcu_dereference_check(sk->sk_filter, refcount_read(&sk->sk_wmem_alloc) == 0); if (filter) { sk_filter_uncharge(sk, filter); RCU_INIT_POINTER(sk->sk_filter, NULL); } sock_disable_timestamp(sk, SK_FLAGS_TIMESTAMP); #ifdef CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL bpf_sk_storage_free(sk); #endif if (atomic_read(&sk->sk_omem_alloc)) pr_debug("%s: optmem leakage (%d bytes) detected\n", __func__, atomic_read(&sk->sk_omem_alloc)); if (sk->sk_frag.page) { put_page(sk->sk_frag.page); sk->sk_frag.page = NULL; } /* We do not need to acquire sk->sk_peer_lock, we are the last user. */ put_cred(sk->sk_peer_cred); put_pid(sk->sk_peer_pid); if (likely(sk->sk_net_refcnt)) put_net(sock_net(sk)); sk_prot_free(sk->sk_prot_creator, sk); } void sk_destruct(struct sock *sk) { bool use_call_rcu = sock_flag(sk, SOCK_RCU_FREE); if (rcu_access_pointer(sk->sk_reuseport_cb)) { reuseport_detach_sock(sk); use_call_rcu = true; } if (use_call_rcu) call_rcu(&sk->sk_rcu, __sk_destruct); else __sk_destruct(&sk->sk_rcu); } static void __sk_free(struct sock *sk) { if (likely(sk->sk_net_refcnt)) sock_inuse_add(sock_net(sk), -1); if (unlikely(sk->sk_net_refcnt && sock_diag_has_destroy_listeners(sk))) sock_diag_broadcast_destroy(sk); else sk_destruct(sk); } void sk_free(struct sock *sk) { /* * We subtract one from sk_wmem_alloc and can know if * some packets are still in some tx queue. * If not null, sock_wfree() will call __sk_free(sk) later */ if (refcount_dec_and_test(&sk->sk_wmem_alloc)) __sk_free(sk); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sk_free); static void sk_init_common(struct sock *sk) { skb_queue_head_init(&sk->sk_receive_queue); skb_queue_head_init(&sk->sk_write_queue); skb_queue_head_init(&sk->sk_error_queue); rwlock_init(&sk->sk_callback_lock); lockdep_set_class_and_name(&sk->sk_receive_queue.lock, af_rlock_keys + sk->sk_family, af_family_rlock_key_strings[sk->sk_family]); lockdep_set_class_and_name(&sk->sk_write_queue.lock, af_wlock_keys + sk->sk_family, af_family_wlock_key_strings[sk->sk_family]); lockdep_set_class_and_name(&sk->sk_error_queue.lock, af_elock_keys + sk->sk_family, af_family_elock_key_strings[sk->sk_family]); lockdep_set_class_and_name(&sk->sk_callback_lock, af_callback_keys + sk->sk_family, af_family_clock_key_strings[sk->sk_family]); } /** * sk_clone_lock - clone a socket, and lock its clone * @sk: the socket to clone * @priority: for allocation (%GFP_KERNEL, %GFP_ATOMIC, etc) * * Caller must unlock socket even in error path (bh_unlock_sock(newsk)) */ struct sock *sk_clone_lock(const struct sock *sk, const gfp_t priority) { struct proto *prot = READ_ONCE(sk->sk_prot); struct sk_filter *filter; bool is_charged = true; struct sock *newsk; newsk = sk_prot_alloc(prot, priority, sk->sk_family); if (!newsk) goto out; sock_copy(newsk, sk); newsk->sk_prot_creator = prot; /* SANITY */ if (likely(newsk->sk_net_refcnt)) { get_net(sock_net(newsk)); sock_inuse_add(sock_net(newsk), 1); } sk_node_init(&newsk->sk_node); sock_lock_init(newsk); bh_lock_sock(newsk); newsk->sk_backlog.head = newsk->sk_backlog.tail = NULL; newsk->sk_backlog.len = 0; atomic_set(&newsk->sk_rmem_alloc, 0); /* sk_wmem_alloc set to one (see sk_free() and sock_wfree()) */ refcount_set(&newsk->sk_wmem_alloc, 1); atomic_set(&newsk->sk_omem_alloc, 0); sk_init_common(newsk); newsk->sk_dst_cache = NULL; newsk->sk_dst_pending_confirm = 0; newsk->sk_wmem_queued = 0; newsk->sk_forward_alloc = 0; atomic_set(&newsk->sk_drops, 0); newsk->sk_send_head = NULL; newsk->sk_userlocks = sk->sk_userlocks & ~SOCK_BINDPORT_LOCK; atomic_set(&newsk->sk_zckey, 0); sock_reset_flag(newsk, SOCK_DONE); /* sk->sk_memcg will be populated at accept() time */ newsk->sk_memcg = NULL; cgroup_sk_clone(&newsk->sk_cgrp_data); rcu_read_lock(); filter = rcu_dereference(sk->sk_filter); if (filter != NULL) /* though it's an empty new sock, the charging may fail * if sysctl_optmem_max was changed between creation of * original socket and cloning */ is_charged = sk_filter_charge(newsk, filter); RCU_INIT_POINTER(newsk->sk_filter, filter); rcu_read_unlock(); if (unlikely(!is_charged || xfrm_sk_clone_policy(newsk, sk))) { /* We need to make sure that we don't uncharge the new * socket if we couldn't charge it in the first place * as otherwise we uncharge the parent's filter. */ if (!is_charged) RCU_INIT_POINTER(newsk->sk_filter, NULL); sk_free_unlock_clone(newsk); newsk = NULL; goto out; } RCU_INIT_POINTER(newsk->sk_reuseport_cb, NULL); if (bpf_sk_storage_clone(sk, newsk)) { sk_free_unlock_clone(newsk); newsk = NULL; goto out; } /* Clear sk_user_data if parent had the pointer tagged * as not suitable for copying when cloning. */ if (sk_user_data_is_nocopy(newsk)) newsk->sk_user_data = NULL; newsk->sk_err = 0; newsk->sk_err_soft = 0; newsk->sk_priority = 0; newsk->sk_incoming_cpu = raw_smp_processor_id(); /* Before updating sk_refcnt, we must commit prior changes to memory * (Documentation/RCU/rculist_nulls.rst for details) */ smp_wmb(); refcount_set(&newsk->sk_refcnt, 2); /* Increment the counter in the same struct proto as the master * sock (sk_refcnt_debug_inc uses newsk->sk_prot->socks, that * is the same as sk->sk_prot->socks, as this field was copied * with memcpy). * * This _changes_ the previous behaviour, where * tcp_create_openreq_child always was incrementing the * equivalent to tcp_prot->socks (inet_sock_nr), so this have * to be taken into account in all callers. -acme */ sk_refcnt_debug_inc(newsk); sk_set_socket(newsk, NULL); sk_tx_queue_clear(newsk); RCU_INIT_POINTER(newsk->sk_wq, NULL); if (newsk->sk_prot->sockets_allocated) sk_sockets_allocated_inc(newsk); if (sock_needs_netstamp(sk) && newsk->sk_flags & SK_FLAGS_TIMESTAMP) net_enable_timestamp(); out: return newsk; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sk_clone_lock); void sk_free_unlock_clone(struct sock *sk) { /* It is still raw copy of parent, so invalidate * destructor and make plain sk_free() */ sk->sk_destruct = NULL; bh_unlock_sock(sk); sk_free(sk); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sk_free_unlock_clone); void sk_setup_caps(struct sock *sk, struct dst_entry *dst) { u32 max_segs = 1; sk_dst_set(sk, dst); sk->sk_route_caps = dst->dev->features | sk->sk_route_forced_caps; if (sk->sk_route_caps & NETIF_F_GSO) sk->sk_route_caps |= NETIF_F_GSO_SOFTWARE; sk->sk_route_caps &= ~sk->sk_route_nocaps; if (sk_can_gso(sk)) { if (dst->header_len && !xfrm_dst_offload_ok(dst)) { sk->sk_route_caps &= ~NETIF_F_GSO_MASK; } else { sk->sk_route_caps |= NETIF_F_SG | NETIF_F_HW_CSUM; sk->sk_gso_max_size = dst->dev->gso_max_size; max_segs = max_t(u32, dst->dev->gso_max_segs, 1); } } sk->sk_gso_max_segs = max_segs; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sk_setup_caps); /* * Simple resource managers for sockets. */ /* * Write buffer destructor automatically called from kfree_skb. */ void sock_wfree(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct sock *sk = skb->sk; unsigned int len = skb->truesize; if (!sock_flag(sk, SOCK_USE_WRITE_QUEUE)) { /* * Keep a reference on sk_wmem_alloc, this will be released * after sk_write_space() call */ WARN_ON(refcount_sub_and_test(len - 1, &sk->sk_wmem_alloc)); sk->sk_write_space(sk); len = 1; } /* * if sk_wmem_alloc reaches 0, we must finish what sk_free() * could not do because of in-flight packets */ if (refcount_sub_and_test(len, &sk->sk_wmem_alloc)) __sk_free(sk); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_wfree); /* This variant of sock_wfree() is used by TCP, * since it sets SOCK_USE_WRITE_QUEUE. */ void __sock_wfree(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct sock *sk = skb->sk; if (refcount_sub_and_test(skb->truesize, &sk->sk_wmem_alloc)) __sk_free(sk); } void skb_set_owner_w(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk) { skb_orphan(skb); skb->sk = sk; #ifdef CONFIG_INET if (unlikely(!sk_fullsock(sk))) { skb->destructor = sock_edemux; sock_hold(sk); return; } #endif skb->destructor = sock_wfree; skb_set_hash_from_sk(skb, sk); /* * We used to take a refcount on sk, but following operation * is enough to guarantee sk_free() wont free this sock until * all in-flight packets are completed */ refcount_add(skb->truesize, &sk->sk_wmem_alloc); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(skb_set_owner_w); static bool can_skb_orphan_partial(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_TLS_DEVICE /* Drivers depend on in-order delivery for crypto offload, * partial orphan breaks out-of-order-OK logic. */ if (skb->decrypted) return false; #endif return (skb->destructor == sock_wfree || (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_INET) && skb->destructor == tcp_wfree)); } /* This helper is used by netem, as it can hold packets in its * delay queue. We want to allow the owner socket to send more * packets, as if they were already TX completed by a typical driver. * But we also want to keep skb->sk set because some packet schedulers * rely on it (sch_fq for example). */ void skb_orphan_partial(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb_is_tcp_pure_ack(skb)) return; if (can_skb_orphan_partial(skb) && skb_set_owner_sk_safe(skb, skb->sk)) return; skb_orphan(skb); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(skb_orphan_partial); /* * Read buffer destructor automatically called from kfree_skb. */ void sock_rfree(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct sock *sk = skb->sk; unsigned int len = skb->truesize; atomic_sub(len, &sk->sk_rmem_alloc); sk_mem_uncharge(sk, len); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_rfree); /* * Buffer destructor for skbs that are not used directly in read or write * path, e.g. for error handler skbs. Automatically called from kfree_skb. */ void sock_efree(struct sk_buff *skb) { sock_put(skb->sk); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_efree); /* Buffer destructor for prefetch/receive path where reference count may * not be held, e.g. for listen sockets. */ #ifdef CONFIG_INET void sock_pfree(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (sk_is_refcounted(skb->sk)) sock_gen_put(skb->sk); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_pfree); #endif /* CONFIG_INET */ kuid_t sock_i_uid(struct sock *sk) { kuid_t uid; read_lock_bh(&sk->sk_callback_lock); uid = sk->sk_socket ? SOCK_INODE(sk->sk_socket)->i_uid : GLOBAL_ROOT_UID; read_unlock_bh(&sk->sk_callback_lock); return uid; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_i_uid); unsigned long sock_i_ino(struct sock *sk) { unsigned long ino; read_lock_bh(&sk->sk_callback_lock); ino = sk->sk_socket ? SOCK_INODE(sk->sk_socket)->i_ino : 0; read_unlock_bh(&sk->sk_callback_lock); return ino; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_i_ino); /* * Allocate a skb from the socket's send buffer. */ struct sk_buff *sock_wmalloc(struct sock *sk, unsigned long size, int force, gfp_t priority) { if (force || refcount_read(&sk->sk_wmem_alloc) < READ_ONCE(sk->sk_sndbuf)) { struct sk_buff *skb = alloc_skb(size, priority); if (skb) { skb_set_owner_w(skb, sk); return skb; } } return NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_wmalloc); static void sock_ofree(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct sock *sk = skb->sk; atomic_sub(skb->truesize, &sk->sk_omem_alloc); } struct sk_buff *sock_omalloc(struct sock *sk, unsigned long size, gfp_t priority) { struct sk_buff *skb; /* small safe race: SKB_TRUESIZE may differ from final skb->truesize */ if (atomic_read(&sk->sk_omem_alloc) + SKB_TRUESIZE(size) > sysctl_optmem_max) return NULL; skb = alloc_skb(size, priority); if (!skb) return NULL; atomic_add(skb->truesize, &sk->sk_omem_alloc); skb->sk = sk; skb->destructor = sock_ofree; return skb; } /* * Allocate a memory block from the socket's option memory buffer. */ void *sock_kmalloc(struct sock *sk, int size, gfp_t priority) { if ((unsigned int)size <= sysctl_optmem_max && atomic_read(&sk->sk_omem_alloc) + size < sysctl_optmem_max) { void *mem; /* First do the add, to avoid the race if kmalloc * might sleep. */ atomic_add(size, &sk->sk_omem_alloc); mem = kmalloc(size, priority); if (mem) return mem; atomic_sub(size, &sk->sk_omem_alloc); } return NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_kmalloc); /* Free an option memory block. Note, we actually want the inline * here as this allows gcc to detect the nullify and fold away the * condition entirely. */ static inline void __sock_kfree_s(struct sock *sk, void *mem, int size, const bool nullify) { if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!mem)) return; if (nullify) kfree_sensitive(mem); else kfree(mem); atomic_sub(size, &sk->sk_omem_alloc); } void sock_kfree_s(struct sock *sk, void *mem, int size) { __sock_kfree_s(sk, mem, size, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_kfree_s); void sock_kzfree_s(struct sock *sk, void *mem, int size) { __sock_kfree_s(sk, mem, size, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_kzfree_s); /* It is almost wait_for_tcp_memory minus release_sock/lock_sock. I think, these locks should be removed for datagram sockets. */ static long sock_wait_for_wmem(struct sock *sk, long timeo) { DEFINE_WAIT(wait); sk_clear_bit(SOCKWQ_ASYNC_NOSPACE, sk); for (;;) { if (!timeo) break; if (signal_pending(current)) break; set_bit(SOCK_NOSPACE, &sk->sk_socket->flags); prepare_to_wait(sk_sleep(sk), &wait, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE); if (refcount_read(&sk->sk_wmem_alloc) < READ_ONCE(sk->sk_sndbuf)) break; if (sk->sk_shutdown & SEND_SHUTDOWN) break; if (sk->sk_err) break; timeo = schedule_timeout(timeo); } finish_wait(sk_sleep(sk), &wait); return timeo; } /* * Generic send/receive buffer handlers */ struct sk_buff *sock_alloc_send_pskb(struct sock *sk, unsigned long header_len, unsigned long data_len, int noblock, int *errcode, int max_page_order) { struct sk_buff *skb; long timeo; int err; timeo = sock_sndtimeo(sk, noblock); for (;;) { err = sock_error(sk); if (err != 0) goto failure; err = -EPIPE; if (sk->sk_shutdown & SEND_SHUTDOWN) goto failure; if (sk_wmem_alloc_get(sk) < READ_ONCE(sk->sk_sndbuf)) break; sk_set_bit(SOCKWQ_ASYNC_NOSPACE, sk); set_bit(SOCK_NOSPACE, &sk->sk_socket->flags); err = -EAGAIN; if (!timeo) goto failure; if (signal_pending(current)) goto interrupted; timeo = sock_wait_for_wmem(sk, timeo); } skb = alloc_skb_with_frags(header_len, data_len, max_page_order, errcode, sk->sk_allocation); if (skb) skb_set_owner_w(skb, sk); return skb; interrupted: err = sock_intr_errno(timeo); failure: *errcode = err; return NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_alloc_send_pskb); struct sk_buff *sock_alloc_send_skb(struct sock *sk, unsigned long size, int noblock, int *errcode) { return sock_alloc_send_pskb(sk, size, 0, noblock, errcode, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_alloc_send_skb); int __sock_cmsg_send(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, struct cmsghdr *cmsg, struct sockcm_cookie *sockc) { u32 tsflags; switch (cmsg->cmsg_type) { case SO_MARK: if (!ns_capable(sock_net(sk)->user_ns, CAP_NET_ADMIN)) return -EPERM; if (cmsg->cmsg_len != CMSG_LEN(sizeof(u32))) return -EINVAL; sockc->mark = *(u32 *)CMSG_DATA(cmsg); break; case SO_TIMESTAMPING_OLD: if (cmsg->cmsg_len != CMSG_LEN(sizeof(u32))) return -EINVAL; tsflags = *(u32 *)CMSG_DATA(cmsg); if (tsflags & ~SOF_TIMESTAMPING_TX_RECORD_MASK) return -EINVAL; sockc->tsflags &= ~SOF_TIMESTAMPING_TX_RECORD_MASK; sockc->tsflags |= tsflags; break; case SCM_TXTIME: if (!sock_flag(sk, SOCK_TXTIME)) return -EINVAL; if (cmsg->cmsg_len != CMSG_LEN(sizeof(u64))) return -EINVAL; sockc->transmit_time = get_unaligned((u64 *)CMSG_DATA(cmsg)); break; /* SCM_RIGHTS and SCM_CREDENTIALS are semantically in SOL_UNIX. */ case SCM_RIGHTS: case SCM_CREDENTIALS: break; default: return -EINVAL; } return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__sock_cmsg_send); int sock_cmsg_send(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, struct sockcm_cookie *sockc) { struct cmsghdr *cmsg; int ret; for_each_cmsghdr(cmsg, msg) { if (!CMSG_OK(msg, cmsg)) return -EINVAL; if (cmsg->cmsg_level != SOL_SOCKET) continue; ret = __sock_cmsg_send(sk, msg, cmsg, sockc); if (ret) return ret; } return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_cmsg_send); static void sk_enter_memory_pressure(struct sock *sk) { if (!sk->sk_prot->enter_memory_pressure) return; sk->sk_prot->enter_memory_pressure(sk); } static void sk_leave_memory_pressure(struct sock *sk) { if (sk->sk_prot->leave_memory_pressure) { sk->sk_prot->leave_memory_pressure(sk); } else { unsigned long *memory_pressure = sk->sk_prot->memory_pressure; if (memory_pressure && READ_ONCE(*memory_pressure)) WRITE_ONCE(*memory_pressure, 0); } } #define SKB_FRAG_PAGE_ORDER get_order(32768) DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(net_high_order_alloc_disable_key); /** * skb_page_frag_refill - check that a page_frag contains enough room * @sz: minimum size of the fragment we want to get * @pfrag: pointer to page_frag * @gfp: priority for memory allocation * * Note: While this allocator tries to use high order pages, there is * no guarantee that allocations succeed. Therefore, @sz MUST be * less or equal than PAGE_SIZE. */ bool skb_page_frag_refill(unsigned int sz, struct page_frag *pfrag, gfp_t gfp) { if (pfrag->page) { if (page_ref_count(pfrag->page) == 1) { pfrag->offset = 0; return true; } if (pfrag->offset + sz <= pfrag->size) return true; put_page(pfrag->page); } pfrag->offset = 0; if (SKB_FRAG_PAGE_ORDER && !static_branch_unlikely(&net_high_order_alloc_disable_key)) { /* Avoid direct reclaim but allow kswapd to wake */ pfrag->page = alloc_pages((gfp & ~__GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM) | __GFP_COMP | __GFP_NOWARN | __GFP_NORETRY, SKB_FRAG_PAGE_ORDER); if (likely(pfrag->page)) { pfrag->size = PAGE_SIZE << SKB_FRAG_PAGE_ORDER; return true; } } pfrag->page = alloc_page(gfp); if (likely(pfrag->page)) { pfrag->size = PAGE_SIZE; return true; } return false; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(skb_page_frag_refill); bool sk_page_frag_refill(struct sock *sk, struct page_frag *pfrag) { if (likely(skb_page_frag_refill(32U, pfrag, sk->sk_allocation))) return true; sk_enter_memory_pressure(sk); sk_stream_moderate_sndbuf(sk); return false; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sk_page_frag_refill); static void __lock_sock(struct sock *sk) __releases(&sk->sk_lock.slock) __acquires(&sk->sk_lock.slock) { DEFINE_WAIT(wait); for (;;) { prepare_to_wait_exclusive(&sk->sk_lock.wq, &wait, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE); spin_unlock_bh(&sk->sk_lock.slock); schedule(); spin_lock_bh(&sk->sk_lock.slock); if (!sock_owned_by_user(sk)) break; } finish_wait(&sk->sk_lock.wq, &wait); } void __release_sock(struct sock *sk) __releases(&sk->sk_lock.slock) __acquires(&sk->sk_lock.slock) { struct sk_buff *skb, *next; while ((skb = sk->sk_backlog.head) != NULL) { sk->sk_backlog.head = sk->sk_backlog.tail = NULL; spin_unlock_bh(&sk->sk_lock.slock); do { next = skb->next; prefetch(next); WARN_ON_ONCE(skb_dst_is_noref(skb)); skb_mark_not_on_list(skb); sk_backlog_rcv(sk, skb); cond_resched(); skb = next; } while (skb != NULL); spin_lock_bh(&sk->sk_lock.slock); } /* * Doing the zeroing here guarantee we can not loop forever * while a wild producer attempts to flood us. */ sk->sk_backlog.len = 0; } void __sk_flush_backlog(struct sock *sk) { spin_lock_bh(&sk->sk_lock.slock); __release_sock(sk); spin_unlock_bh(&sk->sk_lock.slock); } /** * sk_wait_data - wait for data to arrive at sk_receive_queue * @sk: sock to wait on * @timeo: for how long * @skb: last skb seen on sk_receive_queue * * Now socket state including sk->sk_err is changed only under lock, * hence we may omit checks after joining wait queue. * We check receive queue before schedule() only as optimization; * it is very likely that release_sock() added new data. */ int sk_wait_data(struct sock *sk, long *timeo, const struct sk_buff *skb) { DEFINE_WAIT_FUNC(wait, woken_wake_function); int rc; add_wait_queue(sk_sleep(sk), &wait); sk_set_bit(SOCKWQ_ASYNC_WAITDATA, sk); rc = sk_wait_event(sk, timeo, skb_peek_tail(&sk->sk_receive_queue) != skb, &wait); sk_clear_bit(SOCKWQ_ASYNC_WAITDATA, sk); remove_wait_queue(sk_sleep(sk), &wait); return rc; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sk_wait_data); /** * __sk_mem_raise_allocated - increase memory_allocated * @sk: socket * @size: memory size to allocate * @amt: pages to allocate * @kind: allocation type * * Similar to __sk_mem_schedule(), but does not update sk_forward_alloc */ int __sk_mem_raise_allocated(struct sock *sk, int size, int amt, int kind) { struct proto *prot = sk->sk_prot; long allocated = sk_memory_allocated_add(sk, amt); bool charged = true; if (mem_cgroup_sockets_enabled && sk->sk_memcg && !(charged = mem_cgroup_charge_skmem(sk->sk_memcg, amt))) goto suppress_allocation; /* Under limit. */ if (allocated <= sk_prot_mem_limits(sk, 0)) { sk_leave_memory_pressure(sk); return 1; } /* Under pressure. */ if (allocated > sk_prot_mem_limits(sk, 1)) sk_enter_memory_pressure(sk); /* Over hard limit. */ if (allocated > sk_prot_mem_limits(sk, 2)) goto suppress_allocation; /* guarantee minimum buffer size under pressure */ if (kind == SK_MEM_RECV) { if (atomic_read(&sk->sk_rmem_alloc) < sk_get_rmem0(sk, prot)) return 1; } else { /* SK_MEM_SEND */ int wmem0 = sk_get_wmem0(sk, prot); if (sk->sk_type == SOCK_STREAM) { if (sk->sk_wmem_queued < wmem0) return 1; } else if (refcount_read(&sk->sk_wmem_alloc) < wmem0) { return 1; } } if (sk_has_memory_pressure(sk)) { u64 alloc; if (!sk_under_memory_pressure(sk)) return 1; alloc = sk_sockets_allocated_read_positive(sk); if (sk_prot_mem_limits(sk, 2) > alloc * sk_mem_pages(sk->sk_wmem_queued + atomic_read(&sk->sk_rmem_alloc) + sk->sk_forward_alloc)) return 1; } suppress_allocation: if (kind == SK_MEM_SEND && sk->sk_type == SOCK_STREAM) { sk_stream_moderate_sndbuf(sk); /* Fail only if socket is _under_ its sndbuf. * In this case we cannot block, so that we have to fail. */ if (sk->sk_wmem_queued + size >= sk->sk_sndbuf) return 1; } if (kind == SK_MEM_SEND || (kind == SK_MEM_RECV && charged)) trace_sock_exceed_buf_limit(sk, prot, allocated, kind); sk_memory_allocated_sub(sk, amt); if (mem_cgroup_sockets_enabled && sk->sk_memcg) mem_cgroup_uncharge_skmem(sk->sk_memcg, amt); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__sk_mem_raise_allocated); /** * __sk_mem_schedule - increase sk_forward_alloc and memory_allocated * @sk: socket * @size: memory size to allocate * @kind: allocation type * * If kind is SK_MEM_SEND, it means wmem allocation. Otherwise it means * rmem allocation. This function assumes that protocols which have * memory_pressure use sk_wmem_queued as write buffer accounting. */ int __sk_mem_schedule(struct sock *sk, int size, int kind) { int ret, amt = sk_mem_pages(size); sk->sk_forward_alloc += amt << SK_MEM_QUANTUM_SHIFT; ret = __sk_mem_raise_allocated(sk, size, amt, kind); if (!ret) sk->sk_forward_alloc -= amt << SK_MEM_QUANTUM_SHIFT; return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__sk_mem_schedule); /** * __sk_mem_reduce_allocated - reclaim memory_allocated * @sk: socket * @amount: number of quanta * * Similar to __sk_mem_reclaim(), but does not update sk_forward_alloc */ void __sk_mem_reduce_allocated(struct sock *sk, int amount) { sk_memory_allocated_sub(sk, amount); if (mem_cgroup_sockets_enabled && sk->sk_memcg) mem_cgroup_uncharge_skmem(sk->sk_memcg, amount); if (sk_under_memory_pressure(sk) && (sk_memory_allocated(sk) < sk_prot_mem_limits(sk, 0))) sk_leave_memory_pressure(sk); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__sk_mem_reduce_allocated); /** * __sk_mem_reclaim - reclaim sk_forward_alloc and memory_allocated * @sk: socket * @amount: number of bytes (rounded down to a SK_MEM_QUANTUM multiple) */ void __sk_mem_reclaim(struct sock *sk, int amount) { amount >>= SK_MEM_QUANTUM_SHIFT; sk->sk_forward_alloc -= amount << SK_MEM_QUANTUM_SHIFT; __sk_mem_reduce_allocated(sk, amount); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__sk_mem_reclaim); int sk_set_peek_off(struct sock *sk, int val) { sk->sk_peek_off = val; return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sk_set_peek_off); /* * Set of default routines for initialising struct proto_ops when * the protocol does not support a particular function. In certain * cases where it makes no sense for a protocol to have a "do nothing" * function, some default processing is provided. */ int sock_no_bind(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *saddr, int len) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_no_bind); int sock_no_connect(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *saddr, int len, int flags) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_no_connect); int sock_no_socketpair(struct socket *sock1, struct socket *sock2) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_no_socketpair); int sock_no_accept(struct socket *sock, struct socket *newsock, int flags, bool kern) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_no_accept); int sock_no_getname(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *saddr, int peer) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_no_getname); int sock_no_ioctl(struct socket *sock, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_no_ioctl); int sock_no_listen(struct socket *sock, int backlog) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_no_listen); int sock_no_shutdown(struct socket *sock, int how) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_no_shutdown); int sock_no_sendmsg(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *m, size_t len) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_no_sendmsg); int sock_no_sendmsg_locked(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *m, size_t len) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_no_sendmsg_locked); int sock_no_recvmsg(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *m, size_t len, int flags) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_no_recvmsg); int sock_no_mmap(struct file *file, struct socket *sock, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { /* Mirror missing mmap method error code */ return -ENODEV; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_no_mmap); /* * When a file is received (via SCM_RIGHTS, etc), we must bump the * various sock-based usage counts. */ void __receive_sock(struct file *file) { struct socket *sock; int error; /* * The resulting value of "error" is ignored here since we only * need to take action when the file is a socket and testing * "sock" for NULL is sufficient. */ sock = sock_from_file(file, &error); if (sock) { sock_update_netprioidx(&sock->sk->sk_cgrp_data); sock_update_classid(&sock->sk->sk_cgrp_data); } } ssize_t sock_no_sendpage(struct socket *sock, struct page *page, int offset, size_t size, int flags) { ssize_t res; struct msghdr msg = {.msg_flags = flags}; struct kvec iov; char *kaddr = kmap(page); iov.iov_base = kaddr + offset; iov.iov_len = size; res = kernel_sendmsg(sock, &msg, &iov, 1, size); kunmap(page); return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_no_sendpage); ssize_t sock_no_sendpage_locked(struct sock *sk, struct page *page, int offset, size_t size, int flags) { ssize_t res; struct msghdr msg = {.msg_flags = flags}; struct kvec iov; char *kaddr = kmap(page); iov.iov_base = kaddr + offset; iov.iov_len = size; res = kernel_sendmsg_locked(sk, &msg, &iov, 1, size); kunmap(page); return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_no_sendpage_locked); /* * Default Socket Callbacks */ static void sock_def_wakeup(struct sock *sk) { struct socket_wq *wq; rcu_read_lock(); wq = rcu_dereference(sk->sk_wq); if (skwq_has_sleeper(wq)) wake_up_interruptible_all(&wq->wait); rcu_read_unlock(); } static void sock_def_error_report(struct sock *sk) { struct socket_wq *wq; rcu_read_lock(); wq = rcu_dereference(sk->sk_wq); if (skwq_has_sleeper(wq)) wake_up_interruptible_poll(&wq->wait, EPOLLERR); sk_wake_async(sk, SOCK_WAKE_IO, POLL_ERR); rcu_read_unlock(); } void sock_def_readable(struct sock *sk) { struct socket_wq *wq; rcu_read_lock(); wq = rcu_dereference(sk->sk_wq); if (skwq_has_sleeper(wq)) wake_up_interruptible_sync_poll(&wq->wait, EPOLLIN | EPOLLPRI | EPOLLRDNORM | EPOLLRDBAND); sk_wake_async(sk, SOCK_WAKE_WAITD, POLL_IN); rcu_read_unlock(); } static void sock_def_write_space(struct sock *sk) { struct socket_wq *wq; rcu_read_lock(); /* Do not wake up a writer until he can make "significant" * progress. --DaveM */ if ((refcount_read(&sk->sk_wmem_alloc) << 1) <= READ_ONCE(sk->sk_sndbuf)) { wq = rcu_dereference(sk->sk_wq); if (skwq_has_sleeper(wq)) wake_up_interruptible_sync_poll(&wq->wait, EPOLLOUT | EPOLLWRNORM | EPOLLWRBAND); /* Should agree with poll, otherwise some programs break */ if (sock_writeable(sk)) sk_wake_async(sk, SOCK_WAKE_SPACE, POLL_OUT); } rcu_read_unlock(); } static void sock_def_destruct(struct sock *sk) { } void sk_send_sigurg(struct sock *sk) { if (sk->sk_socket && sk->sk_socket->file) if (send_sigurg(&sk->sk_socket->file->f_owner)) sk_wake_async(sk, SOCK_WAKE_URG, POLL_PRI); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sk_send_sigurg); void sk_reset_timer(struct sock *sk, struct timer_list* timer, unsigned long expires) { if (!mod_timer(timer, expires)) sock_hold(sk); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sk_reset_timer); void sk_stop_timer(struct sock *sk, struct timer_list* timer) { if (del_timer(timer)) __sock_put(sk); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sk_stop_timer); void sk_stop_timer_sync(struct sock *sk, struct timer_list *timer) { if (del_timer_sync(timer)) __sock_put(sk); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sk_stop_timer_sync); void sock_init_data(struct socket *sock, struct sock *sk) { sk_init_common(sk); sk->sk_send_head = NULL; timer_setup(&sk->sk_timer, NULL, 0); sk->sk_allocation = GFP_KERNEL; sk->sk_rcvbuf = sysctl_rmem_default; sk->sk_sndbuf = sysctl_wmem_default; sk->sk_state = TCP_CLOSE; sk_set_socket(sk, sock); sock_set_flag(sk, SOCK_ZAPPED); if (sock) { sk->sk_type = sock->type; RCU_INIT_POINTER(sk->sk_wq, &sock->wq); sock->sk = sk; sk->sk_uid = SOCK_INODE(sock)->i_uid; } else { RCU_INIT_POINTER(sk->sk_wq, NULL); sk->sk_uid = make_kuid(sock_net(sk)->user_ns, 0); } rwlock_init(&sk->sk_callback_lock); if (sk->sk_kern_sock) lockdep_set_class_and_name( &sk->sk_callback_lock, af_kern_callback_keys + sk->sk_family, af_family_kern_clock_key_strings[sk->sk_family]); else lockdep_set_class_and_name( &sk->sk_callback_lock, af_callback_keys + sk->sk_family, af_family_clock_key_strings[sk->sk_family]); sk->sk_state_change = sock_def_wakeup; sk->sk_data_ready = sock_def_readable; sk->sk_write_space = sock_def_write_space; sk->sk_error_report = sock_def_error_report; sk->sk_destruct = sock_def_destruct; sk->sk_frag.page = NULL; sk->sk_frag.offset = 0; sk->sk_peek_off = -1; sk->sk_peer_pid = NULL; sk->sk_peer_cred = NULL; spin_lock_init(&sk->sk_peer_lock); sk->sk_write_pending = 0; sk->sk_rcvlowat = 1; sk->sk_rcvtimeo = MAX_SCHEDULE_TIMEOUT; sk->sk_sndtimeo = MAX_SCHEDULE_TIMEOUT; sk->sk_stamp = SK_DEFAULT_STAMP; #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 seqlock_init(&sk->sk_stamp_seq); #endif atomic_set(&sk->sk_zckey, 0); #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL sk->sk_napi_id = 0; sk->sk_ll_usec = sysctl_net_busy_read; #endif sk->sk_max_pacing_rate = ~0UL; sk->sk_pacing_rate = ~0UL; WRITE_ONCE(sk->sk_pacing_shift, 10); sk->sk_incoming_cpu = -1; sk_rx_queue_clear(sk); /* * Before updating sk_refcnt, we must commit prior changes to memory * (Documentation/RCU/rculist_nulls.rst for details) */ smp_wmb(); refcount_set(&sk->sk_refcnt, 1); atomic_set(&sk->sk_drops, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_init_data); void lock_sock_nested(struct sock *sk, int subclass) { might_sleep(); spin_lock_bh(&sk->sk_lock.slock); if (sk->sk_lock.owned) __lock_sock(sk); sk->sk_lock.owned = 1; spin_unlock(&sk->sk_lock.slock); /* * The sk_lock has mutex_lock() semantics here: */ mutex_acquire(&sk->sk_lock.dep_map, subclass, 0, _RET_IP_); local_bh_enable(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(lock_sock_nested); void release_sock(struct sock *sk) { spin_lock_bh(&sk->sk_lock.slock); if (sk->sk_backlog.tail) __release_sock(sk); /* Warning : release_cb() might need to release sk ownership, * ie call sock_release_ownership(sk) before us. */ if (sk->sk_prot->release_cb) sk->sk_prot->release_cb(sk); sock_release_ownership(sk); if (waitqueue_active(&sk->sk_lock.wq)) wake_up(&sk->sk_lock.wq); spin_unlock_bh(&sk->sk_lock.slock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(release_sock); /** * lock_sock_fast - fast version of lock_sock * @sk: socket * * This version should be used for very small section, where process wont block * return false if fast path is taken: * * sk_lock.slock locked, owned = 0, BH disabled * * return true if slow path is taken: * * sk_lock.slock unlocked, owned = 1, BH enabled */ bool lock_sock_fast(struct sock *sk) { might_sleep(); spin_lock_bh(&sk->sk_lock.slock); if (!sk->sk_lock.owned) /* * Note : We must disable BH */ return false; __lock_sock(sk); sk->sk_lock.owned = 1; spin_unlock(&sk->sk_lock.slock); /* * The sk_lock has mutex_lock() semantics here: */ mutex_acquire(&sk->sk_lock.dep_map, 0, 0, _RET_IP_); local_bh_enable(); return true; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(lock_sock_fast); int sock_gettstamp(struct socket *sock, void __user *userstamp, bool timeval, bool time32) { struct sock *sk = sock->sk; struct timespec64 ts; sock_enable_timestamp(sk, SOCK_TIMESTAMP); ts = ktime_to_timespec64(sock_read_timestamp(sk)); if (ts.tv_sec == -1) return -ENOENT; if (ts.tv_sec == 0) { ktime_t kt = ktime_get_real(); sock_write_timestamp(sk, kt); ts = ktime_to_timespec64(kt); } if (timeval) ts.tv_nsec /= 1000; #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT_32BIT_TIME if (time32) return put_old_timespec32(&ts, userstamp); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SPARC64 /* beware of padding in sparc64 timeval */ if (timeval && !in_compat_syscall()) { struct __kernel_old_timeval __user tv = { .tv_sec = ts.tv_sec, .tv_usec = ts.tv_nsec, }; if (copy_to_user(userstamp, &tv, sizeof(tv))) return -EFAULT; return 0; } #endif return put_timespec64(&ts, userstamp); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_gettstamp); void sock_enable_timestamp(struct sock *sk, enum sock_flags flag) { if (!sock_flag(sk, flag)) { unsigned long previous_flags = sk->sk_flags; sock_set_flag(sk, flag); /* * we just set one of the two flags which require net * time stamping, but time stamping might have been on * already because of the other one */ if (sock_needs_netstamp(sk) && !(previous_flags & SK_FLAGS_TIMESTAMP)) net_enable_timestamp(); } } int sock_recv_errqueue(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, int len, int level, int type) { struct sock_exterr_skb *serr; struct sk_buff *skb; int copied, err; err = -EAGAIN; skb = sock_dequeue_err_skb(sk); if (skb == NULL) goto out; copied = skb->len; if (copied > len) { msg->msg_flags |= MSG_TRUNC; copied = len; } err = skb_copy_datagram_msg(skb, 0, msg, copied); if (err) goto out_free_skb; sock_recv_timestamp(msg, sk, skb); serr = SKB_EXT_ERR(skb); put_cmsg(msg, level, type, sizeof(serr->ee), &serr->ee); msg->msg_flags |= MSG_ERRQUEUE; err = copied; out_free_skb: kfree_skb(skb); out: return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_recv_errqueue); /* * Get a socket option on an socket. * * FIX: POSIX 1003.1g is very ambiguous here. It states that * asynchronous errors should be reported by getsockopt. We assume * this means if you specify SO_ERROR (otherwise whats the point of it). */ int sock_common_getsockopt(struct socket *sock, int level, int optname, char __user *optval, int __user *optlen) { struct sock *sk = sock->sk; return sk->sk_prot->getsockopt(sk, level, optname, optval, optlen); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_common_getsockopt); int sock_common_recvmsg(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, size_t size, int flags) { struct sock *sk = sock->sk; int addr_len = 0; int err; err = sk->sk_prot->recvmsg(sk, msg, size, flags & MSG_DONTWAIT, flags & ~MSG_DONTWAIT, &addr_len); if (err >= 0) msg->msg_namelen = addr_len; return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_common_recvmsg); /* * Set socket options on an inet socket. */ int sock_common_setsockopt(struct socket *sock, int level, int optname, sockptr_t optval, unsigned int optlen) { struct sock *sk = sock->sk; return sk->sk_prot->setsockopt(sk, level, optname, optval, optlen); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_common_setsockopt); void sk_common_release(struct sock *sk) { if (sk->sk_prot->destroy) sk->sk_prot->destroy(sk); /* * Observation: when sk_common_release is called, processes have * no access to socket. But net still has. * Step one, detach it from networking: * * A. Remove from hash tables. */ sk->sk_prot->unhash(sk); /* * In this point socket cannot receive new packets, but it is possible * that some packets are in flight because some CPU runs receiver and * did hash table lookup before we unhashed socket. They will achieve * receive queue and will be purged by socket destructor. * * Also we still have packets pending on receive queue and probably, * our own packets waiting in device queues. sock_destroy will drain * receive queue, but transmitted packets will delay socket destruction * until the last reference will be released. */ sock_orphan(sk); xfrm_sk_free_policy(sk); sk_refcnt_debug_release(sk); sock_put(sk); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sk_common_release); void sk_get_meminfo(const struct sock *sk, u32 *mem) { memset(mem, 0, sizeof(*mem) * SK_MEMINFO_VARS); mem[SK_MEMINFO_RMEM_ALLOC] = sk_rmem_alloc_get(sk); mem[SK_MEMINFO_RCVBUF] = READ_ONCE(sk->sk_rcvbuf); mem[SK_MEMINFO_WMEM_ALLOC] = sk_wmem_alloc_get(sk); mem[SK_MEMINFO_SNDBUF] = READ_ONCE(sk->sk_sndbuf); mem[SK_MEMINFO_FWD_ALLOC] = sk->sk_forward_alloc; mem[SK_MEMINFO_WMEM_QUEUED] = READ_ONCE(sk->sk_wmem_queued); mem[SK_MEMINFO_OPTMEM] = atomic_read(&sk->sk_omem_alloc); mem[SK_MEMINFO_BACKLOG] = READ_ONCE(sk->sk_backlog.len); mem[SK_MEMINFO_DROPS] = atomic_read(&sk->sk_drops); } #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS #define PROTO_INUSE_NR 64 /* should be enough for the first time */ struct prot_inuse { int val[PROTO_INUSE_NR]; }; static DECLARE_BITMAP(proto_inuse_idx, PROTO_INUSE_NR); void sock_prot_inuse_add(struct net *net, struct proto *prot, int val) { __this_cpu_add(net->core.prot_inuse->val[prot->inuse_idx], val); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sock_prot_inuse_add); int sock_prot_inuse_get(struct net *net, struct proto *prot) { int cpu, idx = prot->inuse_idx; int res = 0; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) res += per_cpu_ptr(net->core.prot_inuse, cpu)->val[idx]; return res >= 0 ? res : 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sock_prot_inuse_get); static void sock_inuse_add(struct net *net, int val) { this_cpu_add(*net->core.sock_inuse, val); } int sock_inuse_get(struct net *net) { int cpu, res = 0; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) res += *per_cpu_ptr(net->core.sock_inuse, cpu); return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sock_inuse_get); static int __net_init sock_inuse_init_net(struct net *net) { net->core.prot_inuse = alloc_percpu(struct prot_inuse); if (net->core.prot_inuse == NULL) return -ENOMEM; net->core.sock_inuse = alloc_percpu(int); if (net->core.sock_inuse == NULL) goto out; return 0; out: free_percpu(net->core.prot_inuse); return -ENOMEM; } static void __net_exit sock_inuse_exit_net(struct net *net) { free_percpu(net->core.prot_inuse); free_percpu(net->core.sock_inuse); } static struct pernet_operations net_inuse_ops = { .init = sock_inuse_init_net, .exit = sock_inuse_exit_net, }; static __init int net_inuse_init(void) { if (register_pernet_subsys(&net_inuse_ops)) panic("Cannot initialize net inuse counters"); return 0; } core_initcall(net_inuse_init); static int assign_proto_idx(struct proto *prot) { prot->inuse_idx = find_first_zero_bit(proto_inuse_idx, PROTO_INUSE_NR); if (unlikely(prot->inuse_idx == PROTO_INUSE_NR - 1)) { pr_err("PROTO_INUSE_NR exhausted\n"); return -ENOSPC; } set_bit(prot->inuse_idx, proto_inuse_idx); return 0; } static void release_proto_idx(struct proto *prot) { if (prot->inuse_idx != PROTO_INUSE_NR - 1) clear_bit(prot->inuse_idx, proto_inuse_idx); } #else static inline int assign_proto_idx(struct proto *prot) { return 0; } static inline void release_proto_idx(struct proto *prot) { } static void sock_inuse_add(struct net *net, int val) { } #endif static void tw_prot_cleanup(struct timewait_sock_ops *twsk_prot) { if (!twsk_prot) return; kfree(twsk_prot->twsk_slab_name); twsk_prot->twsk_slab_name = NULL; kmem_cache_destroy(twsk_prot->twsk_slab); twsk_prot->twsk_slab = NULL; } static void req_prot_cleanup(struct request_sock_ops *rsk_prot) { if (!rsk_prot) return; kfree(rsk_prot->slab_name); rsk_prot->slab_name = NULL; kmem_cache_destroy(rsk_prot->slab); rsk_prot->slab = NULL; } static int req_prot_init(const struct proto *prot) { struct request_sock_ops *rsk_prot = prot->rsk_prot; if (!rsk_prot) return 0; rsk_prot->slab_name = kasprintf(GFP_KERNEL, "request_sock_%s", prot->name); if (!rsk_prot->slab_name) return -ENOMEM; rsk_prot->slab = kmem_cache_create(rsk_prot->slab_name, rsk_prot->obj_size, 0, SLAB_ACCOUNT | prot->slab_flags, NULL); if (!rsk_prot->slab) { pr_crit("%s: Can't create request sock SLAB cache!\n", prot->name); return -ENOMEM; } return 0; } int proto_register(struct proto *prot, int alloc_slab) { int ret = -ENOBUFS; if (alloc_slab) { prot->slab = kmem_cache_create_usercopy(prot->name, prot->obj_size, 0, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN | SLAB_ACCOUNT | prot->slab_flags, prot->useroffset, prot->usersize, NULL); if (prot->slab == NULL) { pr_crit("%s: Can't create sock SLAB cache!\n", prot->name); goto out; } if (req_prot_init(prot)) goto out_free_request_sock_slab; if (prot->twsk_prot != NULL) { prot->twsk_prot->twsk_slab_name = kasprintf(GFP_KERNEL, "tw_sock_%s", prot->name); if (prot->twsk_prot->twsk_slab_name == NULL) goto out_free_request_sock_slab; prot->twsk_prot->twsk_slab = kmem_cache_create(prot->twsk_prot->twsk_slab_name, prot->twsk_prot->twsk_obj_size, 0, SLAB_ACCOUNT | prot->slab_flags, NULL); if (prot->twsk_prot->twsk_slab == NULL) goto out_free_timewait_sock_slab; } } mutex_lock(&proto_list_mutex); ret = assign_proto_idx(prot); if (ret) { mutex_unlock(&proto_list_mutex); goto out_free_timewait_sock_slab; } list_add(&prot->node, &proto_list); mutex_unlock(&proto_list_mutex); return ret; out_free_timewait_sock_slab: if (alloc_slab && prot->twsk_prot) tw_prot_cleanup(prot->twsk_prot); out_free_request_sock_slab: if (alloc_slab) { req_prot_cleanup(prot->rsk_prot); kmem_cache_destroy(prot->slab); prot->slab = NULL; } out: return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(proto_register); void proto_unregister(struct proto *prot) { mutex_lock(&proto_list_mutex); release_proto_idx(prot); list_del(&prot->node); mutex_unlock(&proto_list_mutex); kmem_cache_destroy(prot->slab); prot->slab = NULL; req_prot_cleanup(prot->rsk_prot); tw_prot_cleanup(prot->twsk_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(proto_unregister); int sock_load_diag_module(int family, int protocol) { if (!protocol) { if (!sock_is_registered(family)) return -ENOENT; return request_module("net-pf-%d-proto-%d-type-%d", PF_NETLINK, NETLINK_SOCK_DIAG, family); } #ifdef CONFIG_INET if (family == AF_INET && protocol != IPPROTO_RAW && protocol < MAX_INET_PROTOS && !rcu_access_pointer(inet_protos[protocol])) return -ENOENT; #endif return request_module("net-pf-%d-proto-%d-type-%d-%d", PF_NETLINK, NETLINK_SOCK_DIAG, family, protocol); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_load_diag_module); #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS static void *proto_seq_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos) __acquires(proto_list_mutex) { mutex_lock(&proto_list_mutex); return seq_list_start_head(&proto_list, *pos); } static void *proto_seq_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *v, loff_t *pos) { return seq_list_next(v, &proto_list, pos); } static void proto_seq_stop(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) __releases(proto_list_mutex) { mutex_unlock(&proto_list_mutex); } static char proto_method_implemented(const void *method) { return method == NULL ? 'n' : 'y'; } static long sock_prot_memory_allocated(struct proto *proto) { return proto->memory_allocated != NULL ? proto_memory_allocated(proto) : -1L; } static const char *sock_prot_memory_pressure(struct proto *proto) { return proto->memory_pressure != NULL ? proto_memory_pressure(proto) ? "yes" : "no" : "NI"; } static void proto_seq_printf(struct seq_file *seq, struct proto *proto) { seq_printf(seq, "%-9s %4u %6d %6ld %-3s %6u %-3s %-10s " "%2c %2c %2c %2c %2c %2c %2c %2c %2c %2c %2c %2c %2c %2c %2c %2c %2c %2c %2c\n", proto->name, proto->obj_size, sock_prot_inuse_get(seq_file_net(seq), proto), sock_prot_memory_allocated(proto), sock_prot_memory_pressure(proto), proto->max_header, proto->slab == NULL ? "no" : "yes", module_name(proto->owner), proto_method_implemented(proto->close), proto_method_implemented(proto->connect), proto_method_implemented(proto->disconnect), proto_method_implemented(proto->accept), proto_method_implemented(proto->ioctl), proto_method_implemented(proto->init), proto_method_implemented(proto->destroy), proto_method_implemented(proto->shutdown), proto_method_implemented(proto->setsockopt), proto_method_implemented(proto->getsockopt), proto_method_implemented(proto->sendmsg), proto_method_implemented(proto->recvmsg), proto_method_implemented(proto->sendpage), proto_method_implemented(proto->bind), proto_method_implemented(proto->backlog_rcv), proto_method_implemented(proto->hash), proto_method_implemented(proto->unhash), proto_method_implemented(proto->get_port), proto_method_implemented(proto->enter_memory_pressure)); } static int proto_seq_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { if (v == &proto_list) seq_printf(seq, "%-9s %-4s %-8s %-6s %-5s %-7s %-4s %-10s %s", "protocol", "size", "sockets", "memory", "press", "maxhdr", "slab", "module", "cl co di ac io in de sh ss gs se re sp bi br ha uh gp em\n"); else proto_seq_printf(seq, list_entry(v, struct proto, node)); return 0; } static const struct seq_operations proto_seq_ops = { .start = proto_seq_start, .next = proto_seq_next, .stop = proto_seq_stop, .show = proto_seq_show, }; static __net_init int proto_init_net(struct net *net) { if (!proc_create_net("protocols", 0444, net->proc_net, &proto_seq_ops, sizeof(struct seq_net_private))) return -ENOMEM; return 0; } static __net_exit void proto_exit_net(struct net *net) { remove_proc_entry("protocols", net->proc_net); } static __net_initdata struct pernet_operations proto_net_ops = { .init = proto_init_net, .exit = proto_exit_net, }; static int __init proto_init(void) { return register_pernet_subsys(&proto_net_ops); } subsys_initcall(proto_init); #endif /* PROC_FS */ #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL bool sk_busy_loop_end(void *p, unsigned long start_time) { struct sock *sk = p; return !skb_queue_empty_lockless(&sk->sk_receive_queue) || sk_busy_loop_timeout(sk, start_time); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sk_busy_loop_end); #endif /* CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL */ int sock_bind_add(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *addr, int addr_len) { if (!sk->sk_prot->bind_add) return -EOPNOTSUPP; return sk->sk_prot->bind_add(sk, addr, addr_len); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sock_bind_add);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_BIT_SPINLOCK_H #define __LINUX_BIT_SPINLOCK_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/preempt.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/bug.h> /* * bit-based spin_lock() * * Don't use this unless you really need to: spin_lock() and spin_unlock() * are significantly faster. */ static inline void bit_spin_lock(int bitnum, unsigned long *addr) { /* * Assuming the lock is uncontended, this never enters * the body of the outer loop. If it is contended, then * within the inner loop a non-atomic test is used to * busywait with less bus contention for a good time to * attempt to acquire the lock bit. */ preempt_disable(); #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK) while (unlikely(test_and_set_bit_lock(bitnum, addr))) { preempt_enable(); do { cpu_relax(); } while (test_bit(bitnum, addr)); preempt_disable(); } #endif __acquire(bitlock); } /* * Return true if it was acquired */ static inline int bit_spin_trylock(int bitnum, unsigned long *addr) { preempt_disable(); #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK) if (unlikely(test_and_set_bit_lock(bitnum, addr))) { preempt_enable(); return 0; } #endif __acquire(bitlock); return 1; } /* * bit-based spin_unlock() */ static inline void bit_spin_unlock(int bitnum, unsigned long *addr) { #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK BUG_ON(!test_bit(bitnum, addr)); #endif #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK) clear_bit_unlock(bitnum, addr); #endif preempt_enable(); __release(bitlock); } /* * bit-based spin_unlock() * non-atomic version, which can be used eg. if the bit lock itself is * protecting the rest of the flags in the word. */ static inline void __bit_spin_unlock(int bitnum, unsigned long *addr) { #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK BUG_ON(!test_bit(bitnum, addr)); #endif #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK) __clear_bit_unlock(bitnum, addr); #endif preempt_enable(); __release(bitlock); } /* * Return true if the lock is held. */ static inline int bit_spin_is_locked(int bitnum, unsigned long *addr) { #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK) return test_bit(bitnum, addr); #elif defined CONFIG_PREEMPT_COUNT return preempt_count(); #else return 1; #endif } #endif /* __LINUX_BIT_SPINLOCK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Internals of the DMA direct mapping implementation. Only for use by the * DMA mapping code and IOMMU drivers. */ #ifndef _LINUX_DMA_DIRECT_H #define _LINUX_DMA_DIRECT_H 1 #include <linux/dma-mapping.h> #include <linux/dma-map-ops.h> #include <linux/memblock.h> /* for min_low_pfn */ #include <linux/mem_encrypt.h> #include <linux/swiotlb.h> extern unsigned int zone_dma_bits; /* * Record the mapping of CPU physical to DMA addresses for a given region. */ struct bus_dma_region { phys_addr_t cpu_start; dma_addr_t dma_start; u64 size; u64 offset; }; static inline dma_addr_t translate_phys_to_dma(struct device *dev, phys_addr_t paddr) { const struct bus_dma_region *m; for (m = dev->dma_range_map; m->size; m++) if (paddr >= m->cpu_start && paddr - m->cpu_start < m->size) return (dma_addr_t)paddr - m->offset; /* make sure dma_capable fails when no translation is available */ return DMA_MAPPING_ERROR; } static inline phys_addr_t translate_dma_to_phys(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t dma_addr) { const struct bus_dma_region *m; for (m = dev->dma_range_map; m->size; m++) if (dma_addr >= m->dma_start && dma_addr - m->dma_start < m->size) return (phys_addr_t)dma_addr + m->offset; return (phys_addr_t)-1; } #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PHYS_TO_DMA #include <asm/dma-direct.h> #ifndef phys_to_dma_unencrypted #define phys_to_dma_unencrypted phys_to_dma #endif #else static inline dma_addr_t phys_to_dma_unencrypted(struct device *dev, phys_addr_t paddr) { if (dev->dma_range_map) return translate_phys_to_dma(dev, paddr); return paddr; } /* * If memory encryption is supported, phys_to_dma will set the memory encryption * bit in the DMA address, and dma_to_phys will clear it. * phys_to_dma_unencrypted is for use on special unencrypted memory like swiotlb * buffers. */ static inline dma_addr_t phys_to_dma(struct device *dev, phys_addr_t paddr) { return __sme_set(phys_to_dma_unencrypted(dev, paddr)); } static inline phys_addr_t dma_to_phys(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t dma_addr) { phys_addr_t paddr; if (dev->dma_range_map) paddr = translate_dma_to_phys(dev, dma_addr); else paddr = dma_addr; return __sme_clr(paddr); } #endif /* !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PHYS_TO_DMA */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_FORCE_DMA_UNENCRYPTED bool force_dma_unencrypted(struct device *dev); #else static inline bool force_dma_unencrypted(struct device *dev) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_FORCE_DMA_UNENCRYPTED */ static inline bool dma_capable(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t addr, size_t size, bool is_ram) { dma_addr_t end = addr + size - 1; if (addr == DMA_MAPPING_ERROR) return false; if (is_ram && !IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_DMA_ADDR_T_64BIT) && min(addr, end) < phys_to_dma(dev, PFN_PHYS(min_low_pfn))) return false; return end <= min_not_zero(*dev->dma_mask, dev->bus_dma_limit); } u64 dma_direct_get_required_mask(struct device *dev); void *dma_direct_alloc(struct device *dev, size_t size, dma_addr_t *dma_handle, gfp_t gfp, unsigned long attrs); void dma_direct_free(struct device *dev, size_t size, void *cpu_addr, dma_addr_t dma_addr, unsigned long attrs); struct page *dma_direct_alloc_pages(struct device *dev, size_t size, dma_addr_t *dma_handle, enum dma_data_direction dir, gfp_t gfp); void dma_direct_free_pages(struct device *dev, size_t size, struct page *page, dma_addr_t dma_addr, enum dma_data_direction dir); int dma_direct_supported(struct device *dev, u64 mask); dma_addr_t dma_direct_map_resource(struct device *dev, phys_addr_t paddr, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs); #endif /* _LINUX_DMA_DIRECT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_CTYPE_H #define _LINUX_CTYPE_H /* * NOTE! This ctype does not handle EOF like the standard C * library is required to. */ #define _U 0x01 /* upper */ #define _L 0x02 /* lower */ #define _D 0x04 /* digit */ #define _C 0x08 /* cntrl */ #define _P 0x10 /* punct */ #define _S 0x20 /* white space (space/lf/tab) */ #define _X 0x40 /* hex digit */ #define _SP 0x80 /* hard space (0x20) */ extern const unsigned char _ctype[]; #define __ismask(x) (_ctype[(int)(unsigned char)(x)]) #define isalnum(c) ((__ismask(c)&(_U|_L|_D)) != 0) #define isalpha(c) ((__ismask(c)&(_U|_L)) != 0) #define iscntrl(c) ((__ismask(c)&(_C)) != 0) static inline int isdigit(int c) { return '0' <= c && c <= '9'; } #define isgraph(c) ((__ismask(c)&(_P|_U|_L|_D)) != 0) #define islower(c) ((__ismask(c)&(_L)) != 0) #define isprint(c) ((__ismask(c)&(_P|_U|_L|_D|_SP)) != 0) #define ispunct(c) ((__ismask(c)&(_P)) != 0) /* Note: isspace() must return false for %NUL-terminator */ #define isspace(c) ((__ismask(c)&(_S)) != 0) #define isupper(c) ((__ismask(c)&(_U)) != 0) #define isxdigit(c) ((__ismask(c)&(_D|_X)) != 0) #define isascii(c) (((unsigned char)(c))<=0x7f) #define toascii(c) (((unsigned char)(c))&0x7f) static inline unsigned char __tolower(unsigned char c) { if (isupper(c)) c -= 'A'-'a'; return c; } static inline unsigned char __toupper(unsigned char c) { if (islower(c)) c -= 'a'-'A'; return c; } #define tolower(c) __tolower(c) #define toupper(c) __toupper(c) /* * Fast implementation of tolower() for internal usage. Do not use in your * code. */ static inline char _tolower(const char c) { return c | 0x20; } /* Fast check for octal digit */ static inline int isodigit(const char c) { return c >= '0' && c <= '7'; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 #ifndef _LINUX_JHASH_H #define _LINUX_JHASH_H /* jhash.h: Jenkins hash support. * * Copyright (C) 2006. Bob Jenkins (bob_jenkins@burtleburtle.net) * * https://burtleburtle.net/bob/hash/ * * These are the credits from Bob's sources: * * lookup3.c, by Bob Jenkins, May 2006, Public Domain. * * These are functions for producing 32-bit hashes for hash table lookup. * hashword(), hashlittle(), hashlittle2(), hashbig(), mix(), and final() * are externally useful functions. Routines to test the hash are included * if SELF_TEST is defined. You can use this free for any purpose. It's in * the public domain. It has no warranty. * * Copyright (C) 2009-2010 Jozsef Kadlecsik (kadlec@netfilter.org) * * I've modified Bob's hash to be useful in the Linux kernel, and * any bugs present are my fault. * Jozsef */ #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/unaligned/packed_struct.h> /* Best hash sizes are of power of two */ #define jhash_size(n) ((u32)1<<(n)) /* Mask the hash value, i.e (value & jhash_mask(n)) instead of (value % n) */ #define jhash_mask(n) (jhash_size(n)-1) /* __jhash_mix -- mix 3 32-bit values reversibly. */ #define __jhash_mix(a, b, c) \ { \ a -= c; a ^= rol32(c, 4); c += b; \ b -= a; b ^= rol32(a, 6); a += c; \ c -= b; c ^= rol32(b, 8); b += a; \ a -= c; a ^= rol32(c, 16); c += b; \ b -= a; b ^= rol32(a, 19); a += c; \ c -= b; c ^= rol32(b, 4); b += a; \ } /* __jhash_final - final mixing of 3 32-bit values (a,b,c) into c */ #define __jhash_final(a, b, c) \ { \ c ^= b; c -= rol32(b, 14); \ a ^= c; a -= rol32(c, 11); \ b ^= a; b -= rol32(a, 25); \ c ^= b; c -= rol32(b, 16); \ a ^= c; a -= rol32(c, 4); \ b ^= a; b -= rol32(a, 14); \ c ^= b; c -= rol32(b, 24); \ } /* An arbitrary initial parameter */ #define JHASH_INITVAL 0xdeadbeef /* jhash - hash an arbitrary key * @k: sequence of bytes as key * @length: the length of the key * @initval: the previous hash, or an arbitray value * * The generic version, hashes an arbitrary sequence of bytes. * No alignment or length assumptions are made about the input key. * * Returns the hash value of the key. The result depends on endianness. */ static inline u32 jhash(const void *key, u32 length, u32 initval) { u32 a, b, c; const u8 *k = key; /* Set up the internal state */ a = b = c = JHASH_INITVAL + length + initval; /* All but the last block: affect some 32 bits of (a,b,c) */ while (length > 12) { a += __get_unaligned_cpu32(k); b += __get_unaligned_cpu32(k + 4); c += __get_unaligned_cpu32(k + 8); __jhash_mix(a, b, c); length -= 12; k += 12; } /* Last block: affect all 32 bits of (c) */ switch (length) { case 12: c += (u32)k[11]<<24; fallthrough; case 11: c += (u32)k[10]<<16; fallthrough; case 10: c += (u32)k[9]<<8; fallthrough; case 9: c += k[8]; fallthrough; case 8: b += (u32)k[7]<<24; fallthrough; case 7: b += (u32)k[6]<<16; fallthrough; case 6: b += (u32)k[5]<<8; fallthrough; case 5: b += k[4]; fallthrough; case 4: a += (u32)k[3]<<24; fallthrough; case 3: a += (u32)k[2]<<16; fallthrough; case 2: a += (u32)k[1]<<8; fallthrough; case 1: a += k[0]; __jhash_final(a, b, c); break; case 0: /* Nothing left to add */ break; } return c; } /* jhash2 - hash an array of u32's * @k: the key which must be an array of u32's * @length: the number of u32's in the key * @initval: the previous hash, or an arbitray value * * Returns the hash value of the key. */ static inline u32 jhash2(const u32 *k, u32 length, u32 initval) { u32 a, b, c; /* Set up the internal state */ a = b = c = JHASH_INITVAL + (length<<2) + initval; /* Handle most of the key */ while (length > 3) { a += k[0]; b += k[1]; c += k[2]; __jhash_mix(a, b, c); length -= 3; k += 3; } /* Handle the last 3 u32's */ switch (length) { case 3: c += k[2]; fallthrough; case 2: b += k[1]; fallthrough; case 1: a += k[0]; __jhash_final(a, b, c); break; case 0: /* Nothing left to add */ break; } return c; } /* __jhash_nwords - hash exactly 3, 2 or 1 word(s) */ static inline u32 __jhash_nwords(u32 a, u32 b, u32 c, u32 initval) { a += initval; b += initval; c += initval; __jhash_final(a, b, c); return c; } static inline u32 jhash_3words(u32 a, u32 b, u32 c, u32 initval) { return __jhash_nwords(a, b, c, initval + JHASH_INITVAL + (3 << 2)); } static inline u32 jhash_2words(u32 a, u32 b, u32 initval) { return __jhash_nwords(a, b, 0, initval + JHASH_INITVAL + (2 << 2)); } static inline u32 jhash_1word(u32 a, u32 initval) { return __jhash_nwords(a, 0, 0, initval + JHASH_INITVAL + (1 << 2)); } #endif /* _LINUX_JHASH_H */
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Because list_empty() serves this * purpose. The list_empty() function fetches the RCU-protected pointer * and compares it to the address of the list head, but neither dereferences * this pointer itself nor provides this pointer to the caller. Therefore, * it is not necessary to use rcu_dereference(), so that list_empty() can * be used anywhere you would want to use a list_empty_rcu(). */ /* * INIT_LIST_HEAD_RCU - Initialize a list_head visible to RCU readers * @list: list to be initialized * * You should instead use INIT_LIST_HEAD() for normal initialization and * cleanup tasks, when readers have no access to the list being initialized. * However, if the list being initialized is visible to readers, you * need to keep the compiler from being too mischievous. */ static inline void INIT_LIST_HEAD_RCU(struct list_head *list) { WRITE_ONCE(list->next, list); WRITE_ONCE(list->prev, list); } /* * return the ->next pointer of a list_head in an rcu safe * way, we must not access it directly */ #define list_next_rcu(list) (*((struct list_head __rcu **)(&(list)->next))) /** * list_tail_rcu - returns the prev pointer of the head of the list * @head: the head of the list * * Note: This should only be used with the list header, and even then * only if list_del() and similar primitives are not also used on the * list header. */ #define list_tail_rcu(head) (*((struct list_head __rcu **)(&(head)->prev))) /* * Check during list traversal that we are within an RCU reader */ #define check_arg_count_one(dummy) #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU_LIST #define __list_check_rcu(dummy, cond, extra...) \ ({ \ check_arg_count_one(extra); \ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!(cond) && !rcu_read_lock_any_held(), \ "RCU-list traversed in non-reader section!"); \ }) #define __list_check_srcu(cond) \ ({ \ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!(cond), \ "RCU-list traversed without holding the required lock!");\ }) #else #define __list_check_rcu(dummy, cond, extra...) \ ({ check_arg_count_one(extra); }) #define __list_check_srcu(cond) ({ }) #endif /* * Insert a new entry between two known consecutive entries. * * This is only for internal list manipulation where we know * the prev/next entries already! */ static inline void __list_add_rcu(struct list_head *new, struct list_head *prev, struct list_head *next) { if (!__list_add_valid(new, prev, next)) return; new->next = next; new->prev = prev; rcu_assign_pointer(list_next_rcu(prev), new); next->prev = new; } /** * list_add_rcu - add a new entry to rcu-protected list * @new: new entry to be added * @head: list head to add it after * * Insert a new entry after the specified head. * This is good for implementing stacks. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as list_add_rcu() * or list_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * list_for_each_entry_rcu(). */ static inline void list_add_rcu(struct list_head *new, struct list_head *head) { __list_add_rcu(new, head, head->next); } /** * list_add_tail_rcu - add a new entry to rcu-protected list * @new: new entry to be added * @head: list head to add it before * * Insert a new entry before the specified head. * This is useful for implementing queues. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as list_add_tail_rcu() * or list_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * list_for_each_entry_rcu(). */ static inline void list_add_tail_rcu(struct list_head *new, struct list_head *head) { __list_add_rcu(new, head->prev, head); } /** * list_del_rcu - deletes entry from list without re-initialization * @entry: the element to delete from the list. * * Note: list_empty() on entry does not return true after this, * the entry is in an undefined state. It is useful for RCU based * lockfree traversal. * * In particular, it means that we can not poison the forward * pointers that may still be used for walking the list. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as list_del_rcu() * or list_add_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * list_for_each_entry_rcu(). * * Note that the caller is not permitted to immediately free * the newly deleted entry. Instead, either synchronize_rcu() * or call_rcu() must be used to defer freeing until an RCU * grace period has elapsed. */ static inline void list_del_rcu(struct list_head *entry) { __list_del_entry(entry); entry->prev = LIST_POISON2; } /** * hlist_del_init_rcu - deletes entry from hash list with re-initialization * @n: the element to delete from the hash list. * * Note: list_unhashed() on the node return true after this. It is * useful for RCU based read lockfree traversal if the writer side * must know if the list entry is still hashed or already unhashed. * * In particular, it means that we can not poison the forward pointers * that may still be used for walking the hash list and we can only * zero the pprev pointer so list_unhashed() will return true after * this. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary (such as * holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing with another * list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_add_head_rcu() or * hlist_del_rcu(), running on this same list. However, it is * perfectly legal to run concurrently with the _rcu list-traversal * primitives, such as hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(). */ static inline void hlist_del_init_rcu(struct hlist_node *n) { if (!hlist_unhashed(n)) { __hlist_del(n); WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, NULL); } } /** * list_replace_rcu - replace old entry by new one * @old : the element to be replaced * @new : the new element to insert * * The @old entry will be replaced with the @new entry atomically. * Note: @old should not be empty. */ static inline void list_replace_rcu(struct list_head *old, struct list_head *new) { new->next = old->next; new->prev = old->prev; rcu_assign_pointer(list_next_rcu(new->prev), new); new->next->prev = new; old->prev = LIST_POISON2; } /** * __list_splice_init_rcu - join an RCU-protected list into an existing list. * @list: the RCU-protected list to splice * @prev: points to the last element of the existing list * @next: points to the first element of the existing list * @sync: synchronize_rcu, synchronize_rcu_expedited, ... * * The list pointed to by @prev and @next can be RCU-read traversed * concurrently with this function. * * Note that this function blocks. * * Important note: the caller must take whatever action is necessary to prevent * any other updates to the existing list. In principle, it is possible to * modify the list as soon as sync() begins execution. If this sort of thing * becomes necessary, an alternative version based on call_rcu() could be * created. But only if -really- needed -- there is no shortage of RCU API * members. */ static inline void __list_splice_init_rcu(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *prev, struct list_head *next, void (*sync)(void)) { struct list_head *first = list->next; struct list_head *last = list->prev; /* * "first" and "last" tracking list, so initialize it. RCU readers * have access to this list, so we must use INIT_LIST_HEAD_RCU() * instead of INIT_LIST_HEAD(). */ INIT_LIST_HEAD_RCU(list); /* * At this point, the list body still points to the source list. * Wait for any readers to finish using the list before splicing * the list body into the new list. Any new readers will see * an empty list. */ sync(); ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_ACCESS(*first); ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_ACCESS(*last); /* * Readers are finished with the source list, so perform splice. * The order is important if the new list is global and accessible * to concurrent RCU readers. Note that RCU readers are not * permitted to traverse the prev pointers without excluding * this function. */ last->next = next; rcu_assign_pointer(list_next_rcu(prev), first); first->prev = prev; next->prev = last; } /** * list_splice_init_rcu - splice an RCU-protected list into an existing list, * designed for stacks. * @list: the RCU-protected list to splice * @head: the place in the existing list to splice the first list into * @sync: synchronize_rcu, synchronize_rcu_expedited, ... */ static inline void list_splice_init_rcu(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head, void (*sync)(void)) { if (!list_empty(list)) __list_splice_init_rcu(list, head, head->next, sync); } /** * list_splice_tail_init_rcu - splice an RCU-protected list into an existing * list, designed for queues. * @list: the RCU-protected list to splice * @head: the place in the existing list to splice the first list into * @sync: synchronize_rcu, synchronize_rcu_expedited, ... */ static inline void list_splice_tail_init_rcu(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head, void (*sync)(void)) { if (!list_empty(list)) __list_splice_init_rcu(list, head->prev, head, sync); } /** * list_entry_rcu - get the struct for this entry * @ptr: the &struct list_head pointer. * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * This primitive may safely run concurrently with the _rcu list-mutation * primitives such as list_add_rcu() as long as it's guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define list_entry_rcu(ptr, type, member) \ container_of(READ_ONCE(ptr), type, member) /* * Where are list_empty_rcu() and list_first_entry_rcu()? * * Implementing those functions following their counterparts list_empty() and * list_first_entry() is not advisable because they lead to subtle race * conditions as the following snippet shows: * * if (!list_empty_rcu(mylist)) { * struct foo *bar = list_first_entry_rcu(mylist, struct foo, list_member); * do_something(bar); * } * * The list may not be empty when list_empty_rcu checks it, but it may be when * list_first_entry_rcu rereads the ->next pointer. * * Rereading the ->next pointer is not a problem for list_empty() and * list_first_entry() because they would be protected by a lock that blocks * writers. * * See list_first_or_null_rcu for an alternative. */ /** * list_first_or_null_rcu - get the first element from a list * @ptr: the list head to take the element from. * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Note that if the list is empty, it returns NULL. * * This primitive may safely run concurrently with the _rcu list-mutation * primitives such as list_add_rcu() as long as it's guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define list_first_or_null_rcu(ptr, type, member) \ ({ \ struct list_head *__ptr = (ptr); \ struct list_head *__next = READ_ONCE(__ptr->next); \ likely(__ptr != __next) ? list_entry_rcu(__next, type, member) : NULL; \ }) /** * list_next_or_null_rcu - get the first element from a list * @head: the head for the list. * @ptr: the list head to take the next element from. * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Note that if the ptr is at the end of the list, NULL is returned. * * This primitive may safely run concurrently with the _rcu list-mutation * primitives such as list_add_rcu() as long as it's guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define list_next_or_null_rcu(head, ptr, type, member) \ ({ \ struct list_head *__head = (head); \ struct list_head *__ptr = (ptr); \ struct list_head *__next = READ_ONCE(__ptr->next); \ likely(__next != __head) ? list_entry_rcu(__next, type, \ member) : NULL; \ }) /** * list_for_each_entry_rcu - iterate over rcu list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * @cond: optional lockdep expression if called from non-RCU protection. * * This list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu list-mutation primitives such as list_add_rcu() * as long as the traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define list_for_each_entry_rcu(pos, head, member, cond...) \ for (__list_check_rcu(dummy, ## cond, 0), \ pos = list_entry_rcu((head)->next, typeof(*pos), member); \ &pos->member != (head); \ pos = list_entry_rcu(pos->member.next, typeof(*pos), member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_srcu - iterate over rcu list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * @cond: lockdep expression for the lock required to traverse the list. * * This list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu list-mutation primitives such as list_add_rcu() * as long as the traversal is guarded by srcu_read_lock(). * The lockdep expression srcu_read_lock_held() can be passed as the * cond argument from read side. */ #define list_for_each_entry_srcu(pos, head, member, cond) \ for (__list_check_srcu(cond), \ pos = list_entry_rcu((head)->next, typeof(*pos), member); \ &pos->member != (head); \ pos = list_entry_rcu(pos->member.next, typeof(*pos), member)) /** * list_entry_lockless - get the struct for this entry * @ptr: the &struct list_head pointer. * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * This primitive may safely run concurrently with the _rcu * list-mutation primitives such as list_add_rcu(), but requires some * implicit RCU read-side guarding. One example is running within a special * exception-time environment where preemption is disabled and where lockdep * cannot be invoked. Another example is when items are added to the list, * but never deleted. */ #define list_entry_lockless(ptr, type, member) \ container_of((typeof(ptr))READ_ONCE(ptr), type, member) /** * list_for_each_entry_lockless - iterate over rcu list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_struct within the struct. * * This primitive may safely run concurrently with the _rcu * list-mutation primitives such as list_add_rcu(), but requires some * implicit RCU read-side guarding. One example is running within a special * exception-time environment where preemption is disabled and where lockdep * cannot be invoked. Another example is when items are added to the list, * but never deleted. */ #define list_for_each_entry_lockless(pos, head, member) \ for (pos = list_entry_lockless((head)->next, typeof(*pos), member); \ &pos->member != (head); \ pos = list_entry_lockless(pos->member.next, typeof(*pos), member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_continue_rcu - continue iteration over list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Continue to iterate over list of given type, continuing after * the current position which must have been in the list when the RCU read * lock was taken. * This would typically require either that you obtained the node from a * previous walk of the list in the same RCU read-side critical section, or * that you held some sort of non-RCU reference (such as a reference count) * to keep the node alive *and* in the list. * * This iterator is similar to list_for_each_entry_from_rcu() except * this starts after the given position and that one starts at the given * position. */ #define list_for_each_entry_continue_rcu(pos, head, member) \ for (pos = list_entry_rcu(pos->member.next, typeof(*pos), member); \ &pos->member != (head); \ pos = list_entry_rcu(pos->member.next, typeof(*pos), member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_from_rcu - iterate over a list from current point * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_node within the struct. * * Iterate over the tail of a list starting from a given position, * which must have been in the list when the RCU read lock was taken. * This would typically require either that you obtained the node from a * previous walk of the list in the same RCU read-side critical section, or * that you held some sort of non-RCU reference (such as a reference count) * to keep the node alive *and* in the list. * * This iterator is similar to list_for_each_entry_continue_rcu() except * this starts from the given position and that one starts from the position * after the given position. */ #define list_for_each_entry_from_rcu(pos, head, member) \ for (; &(pos)->member != (head); \ pos = list_entry_rcu(pos->member.next, typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_del_rcu - deletes entry from hash list without re-initialization * @n: the element to delete from the hash list. * * Note: list_unhashed() on entry does not return true after this, * the entry is in an undefined state. It is useful for RCU based * lockfree traversal. * * In particular, it means that we can not poison the forward * pointers that may still be used for walking the hash list. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_for_each_entry(). */ static inline void hlist_del_rcu(struct hlist_node *n) { __hlist_del(n); WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, LIST_POISON2); } /** * hlist_replace_rcu - replace old entry by new one * @old : the element to be replaced * @new : the new element to insert * * The @old entry will be replaced with the @new entry atomically. */ static inline void hlist_replace_rcu(struct hlist_node *old, struct hlist_node *new) { struct hlist_node *next = old->next; new->next = next; WRITE_ONCE(new->pprev, old->pprev); rcu_assign_pointer(*(struct hlist_node __rcu **)new->pprev, new); if (next) WRITE_ONCE(new->next->pprev, &new->next); WRITE_ONCE(old->pprev, LIST_POISON2); } /** * hlists_swap_heads_rcu - swap the lists the hlist heads point to * @left: The hlist head on the left * @right: The hlist head on the right * * The lists start out as [@left ][node1 ... ] and * [@right ][node2 ... ] * The lists end up as [@left ][node2 ... ] * [@right ][node1 ... ] */ static inline void hlists_swap_heads_rcu(struct hlist_head *left, struct hlist_head *right) { struct hlist_node *node1 = left->first; struct hlist_node *node2 = right->first; rcu_assign_pointer(left->first, node2); rcu_assign_pointer(right->first, node1); WRITE_ONCE(node2->pprev, &left->first); WRITE_ONCE(node1->pprev, &right->first); } /* * return the first or the next element in an RCU protected hlist */ #define hlist_first_rcu(head) (*((struct hlist_node __rcu **)(&(head)->first))) #define hlist_next_rcu(node) (*((struct hlist_node __rcu **)(&(node)->next))) #define hlist_pprev_rcu(node) (*((struct hlist_node __rcu **)((node)->pprev))) /** * hlist_add_head_rcu * @n: the element to add to the hash list. * @h: the list to add to. * * Description: * Adds the specified element to the specified hlist, * while permitting racing traversals. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(), used to prevent memory-consistency * problems on Alpha CPUs. Regardless of the type of CPU, the * list-traversal primitive must be guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ static inline void hlist_add_head_rcu(struct hlist_node *n, struct hlist_head *h) { struct hlist_node *first = h->first; n->next = first; WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, &h->first); rcu_assign_pointer(hlist_first_rcu(h), n); if (first) WRITE_ONCE(first->pprev, &n->next); } /** * hlist_add_tail_rcu * @n: the element to add to the hash list. * @h: the list to add to. * * Description: * Adds the specified element to the specified hlist, * while permitting racing traversals. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(), used to prevent memory-consistency * problems on Alpha CPUs. Regardless of the type of CPU, the * list-traversal primitive must be guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ static inline void hlist_add_tail_rcu(struct hlist_node *n, struct hlist_head *h) { struct hlist_node *i, *last = NULL; /* Note: write side code, so rcu accessors are not needed. */ for (i = h->first; i; i = i->next) last = i; if (last) { n->next = last->next; WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, &last->next); rcu_assign_pointer(hlist_next_rcu(last), n); } else { hlist_add_head_rcu(n, h); } } /** * hlist_add_before_rcu * @n: the new element to add to the hash list. * @next: the existing element to add the new element before. * * Description: * Adds the specified element to the specified hlist * before the specified node while permitting racing traversals. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(), used to prevent memory-consistency * problems on Alpha CPUs. */ static inline void hlist_add_before_rcu(struct hlist_node *n, struct hlist_node *next) { WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, next->pprev); n->next = next; rcu_assign_pointer(hlist_pprev_rcu(n), n); WRITE_ONCE(next->pprev, &n->next); } /** * hlist_add_behind_rcu * @n: the new element to add to the hash list. * @prev: the existing element to add the new element after. * * Description: * Adds the specified element to the specified hlist * after the specified node while permitting racing traversals. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(), used to prevent memory-consistency * problems on Alpha CPUs. */ static inline void hlist_add_behind_rcu(struct hlist_node *n, struct hlist_node *prev) { n->next = prev->next; WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, &prev->next); rcu_assign_pointer(hlist_next_rcu(prev), n); if (n->next) WRITE_ONCE(n->next->pprev, &n->next); } #define __hlist_for_each_rcu(pos, head) \ for (pos = rcu_dereference(hlist_first_rcu(head)); \ pos; \ pos = rcu_dereference(hlist_next_rcu(pos))) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu - iterate over rcu list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. * @cond: optional lockdep expression if called from non-RCU protection. * * This list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu list-mutation primitives such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * as long as the traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(pos, head, member, cond...) \ for (__list_check_rcu(dummy, ## cond, 0), \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_first_rcu(head)),\ typeof(*(pos)), member); \ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_next_rcu(\ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_srcu - iterate over rcu list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. * @cond: lockdep expression for the lock required to traverse the list. * * This list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu list-mutation primitives such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * as long as the traversal is guarded by srcu_read_lock(). * The lockdep expression srcu_read_lock_held() can be passed as the * cond argument from read side. */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_srcu(pos, head, member, cond) \ for (__list_check_srcu(cond), \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_first_rcu(head)),\ typeof(*(pos)), member); \ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_next_rcu(\ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu_notrace - iterate over rcu list of given type (for tracing) * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. * * This list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu list-mutation primitives such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * as long as the traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock(). * * This is the same as hlist_for_each_entry_rcu() except that it does * not do any RCU debugging or tracing. */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_rcu_notrace(pos, head, member) \ for (pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw_check(hlist_first_rcu(head)),\ typeof(*(pos)), member); \ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw_check(hlist_next_rcu(\ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu_bh - iterate over rcu list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. * * This list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu list-mutation primitives such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * as long as the traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_rcu_bh(pos, head, member) \ for (pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_bh(hlist_first_rcu(head)),\ typeof(*(pos)), member); \ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_bh(hlist_next_rcu(\ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_continue_rcu - iterate over a hlist continuing after current point * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_continue_rcu(pos, member) \ for (pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_next_rcu( \ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member); \ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_next_rcu( \ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_continue_rcu_bh - iterate over a hlist continuing after current point * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_continue_rcu_bh(pos, member) \ for (pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_bh(hlist_next_rcu( \ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member); \ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_bh(hlist_next_rcu( \ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_from_rcu - iterate over a hlist continuing from current point * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_from_rcu(pos, member) \ for (; pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_next_rcu( \ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Symmetric key ciphers. * * Copyright (c) 2007-2015 Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au> */ #ifndef _CRYPTO_SKCIPHER_H #define _CRYPTO_SKCIPHER_H #include <linux/crypto.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/slab.h> /** * struct skcipher_request - Symmetric key cipher request * @cryptlen: Number of bytes to encrypt or decrypt * @iv: Initialisation Vector * @src: Source SG list * @dst: Destination SG list * @base: Underlying async request * @__ctx: Start of private context data */ struct skcipher_request { unsigned int cryptlen; u8 *iv; struct scatterlist *src; struct scatterlist *dst; struct crypto_async_request base; void *__ctx[] CRYPTO_MINALIGN_ATTR; }; struct crypto_skcipher { unsigned int reqsize; struct crypto_tfm base; }; struct crypto_sync_skcipher { struct crypto_skcipher base; }; /** * struct skcipher_alg - symmetric key cipher definition * @min_keysize: Minimum key size supported by the transformation. This is the * smallest key length supported by this transformation algorithm. * This must be set to one of the pre-defined values as this is * not hardware specific. Possible values for this field can be * found via git grep "_MIN_KEY_SIZE" include/crypto/ * @max_keysize: Maximum key size supported by the transformation. This is the * largest key length supported by this transformation algorithm. * This must be set to one of the pre-defined values as this is * not hardware specific. Possible values for this field can be * found via git grep "_MAX_KEY_SIZE" include/crypto/ * @setkey: Set key for the transformation. This function is used to either * program a supplied key into the hardware or store the key in the * transformation context for programming it later. Note that this * function does modify the transformation context. This function can * be called multiple times during the existence of the transformation * object, so one must make sure the key is properly reprogrammed into * the hardware. This function is also responsible for checking the key * length for validity. In case a software fallback was put in place in * the @cra_init call, this function might need to use the fallback if * the algorithm doesn't support all of the key sizes. * @encrypt: Encrypt a scatterlist of blocks. This function is used to encrypt * the supplied scatterlist containing the blocks of data. The crypto * API consumer is responsible for aligning the entries of the * scatterlist properly and making sure the chunks are correctly * sized. In case a software fallback was put in place in the * @cra_init call, this function might need to use the fallback if * the algorithm doesn't support all of the key sizes. In case the * key was stored in transformation context, the key might need to be * re-programmed into the hardware in this function. This function * shall not modify the transformation context, as this function may * be called in parallel with the same transformation object. * @decrypt: Decrypt a single block. This is a reverse counterpart to @encrypt * and the conditions are exactly the same. * @init: Initialize the cryptographic transformation object. This function * is used to initialize the cryptographic transformation object. * This function is called only once at the instantiation time, right * after the transformation context was allocated. In case the * cryptographic hardware has some special requirements which need to * be handled by software, this function shall check for the precise * requirement of the transformation and put any software fallbacks * in place. * @exit: Deinitialize the cryptographic transformation object. This is a * counterpart to @init, used to remove various changes set in * @init. * @ivsize: IV size applicable for transformation. The consumer must provide an * IV of exactly that size to perform the encrypt or decrypt operation. * @chunksize: Equal to the block size except for stream ciphers such as * CTR where it is set to the underlying block size. * @walksize: Equal to the chunk size except in cases where the algorithm is * considerably more efficient if it can operate on multiple chunks * in parallel. Should be a multiple of chunksize. * @base: Definition of a generic crypto algorithm. * * All fields except @ivsize are mandatory and must be filled. */ struct skcipher_alg { int (*setkey)(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen); int (*encrypt)(struct skcipher_request *req); int (*decrypt)(struct skcipher_request *req); int (*init)(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm); void (*exit)(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm); unsigned int min_keysize; unsigned int max_keysize; unsigned int ivsize; unsigned int chunksize; unsigned int walksize; struct crypto_alg base; }; #define MAX_SYNC_SKCIPHER_REQSIZE 384 /* * This performs a type-check against the "tfm" argument to make sure * all users have the correct skcipher tfm for doing on-stack requests. */ #define SYNC_SKCIPHER_REQUEST_ON_STACK(name, tfm) \ char __##name##_desc[sizeof(struct skcipher_request) + \ MAX_SYNC_SKCIPHER_REQSIZE + \ (!(sizeof((struct crypto_sync_skcipher *)1 == \ (typeof(tfm))1))) \ ] CRYPTO_MINALIGN_ATTR; \ struct skcipher_request *name = (void *)__##name##_desc /** * DOC: Symmetric Key Cipher API * * Symmetric key cipher API is used with the ciphers of type * CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_SKCIPHER (listed as type "skcipher" in /proc/crypto). * * Asynchronous cipher operations imply that the function invocation for a * cipher request returns immediately before the completion of the operation. * The cipher request is scheduled as a separate kernel thread and therefore * load-balanced on the different CPUs via the process scheduler. To allow * the kernel crypto API to inform the caller about the completion of a cipher * request, the caller must provide a callback function. That function is * invoked with the cipher handle when the request completes. * * To support the asynchronous operation, additional information than just the * cipher handle must be supplied to the kernel crypto API. That additional * information is given by filling in the skcipher_request data structure. * * For the symmetric key cipher API, the state is maintained with the tfm * cipher handle. A single tfm can be used across multiple calls and in * parallel. For asynchronous block cipher calls, context data supplied and * only used by the caller can be referenced the request data structure in * addition to the IV used for the cipher request. The maintenance of such * state information would be important for a crypto driver implementer to * have, because when calling the callback function upon completion of the * cipher operation, that callback function may need some information about * which operation just finished if it invoked multiple in parallel. This * state information is unused by the kernel crypto API. */ static inline struct crypto_skcipher *__crypto_skcipher_cast( struct crypto_tfm *tfm) { return container_of(tfm, struct crypto_skcipher, base); } /** * crypto_alloc_skcipher() - allocate symmetric key cipher handle * @alg_name: is the cra_name / name or cra_driver_name / driver name of the * skcipher cipher * @type: specifies the type of the cipher * @mask: specifies the mask for the cipher * * Allocate a cipher handle for an skcipher. The returned struct * crypto_skcipher is the cipher handle that is required for any subsequent * API invocation for that skcipher. * * Return: allocated cipher handle in case of success; IS_ERR() is true in case * of an error, PTR_ERR() returns the error code. */ struct crypto_skcipher *crypto_alloc_skcipher(const char *alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask); struct crypto_sync_skcipher *crypto_alloc_sync_skcipher(const char *alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask); static inline struct crypto_tfm *crypto_skcipher_tfm( struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return &tfm->base; } /** * crypto_free_skcipher() - zeroize and free cipher handle * @tfm: cipher handle to be freed * * If @tfm is a NULL or error pointer, this function does nothing. */ static inline void crypto_free_skcipher(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { crypto_destroy_tfm(tfm, crypto_skcipher_tfm(tfm)); } static inline void crypto_free_sync_skcipher(struct crypto_sync_skcipher *tfm) { crypto_free_skcipher(&tfm->base); } /** * crypto_has_skcipher() - Search for the availability of an skcipher. * @alg_name: is the cra_name / name or cra_driver_name / driver name of the * skcipher * @type: specifies the type of the skcipher * @mask: specifies the mask for the skcipher * * Return: true when the skcipher is known to the kernel crypto API; false * otherwise */ int crypto_has_skcipher(const char *alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask); static inline const char *crypto_skcipher_driver_name( struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_driver_name(crypto_skcipher_tfm(tfm)); } static inline struct skcipher_alg *crypto_skcipher_alg( struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return container_of(crypto_skcipher_tfm(tfm)->__crt_alg, struct skcipher_alg, base); } static inline unsigned int crypto_skcipher_alg_ivsize(struct skcipher_alg *alg) { return alg->ivsize; } /** * crypto_skcipher_ivsize() - obtain IV size * @tfm: cipher handle * * The size of the IV for the skcipher referenced by the cipher handle is * returned. This IV size may be zero if the cipher does not need an IV. * * Return: IV size in bytes */ static inline unsigned int crypto_skcipher_ivsize(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_skcipher_alg(tfm)->ivsize; } static inline unsigned int crypto_sync_skcipher_ivsize( struct crypto_sync_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_skcipher_ivsize(&tfm->base); } /** * crypto_skcipher_blocksize() - obtain block size of cipher * @tfm: cipher handle * * The block size for the skcipher referenced with the cipher handle is * returned. The caller may use that information to allocate appropriate * memory for the data returned by the encryption or decryption operation * * Return: block size of cipher */ static inline unsigned int crypto_skcipher_blocksize( struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_blocksize(crypto_skcipher_tfm(tfm)); } static inline unsigned int crypto_skcipher_alg_chunksize( struct skcipher_alg *alg) { return alg->chunksize; } /** * crypto_skcipher_chunksize() - obtain chunk size * @tfm: cipher handle * * The block size is set to one for ciphers such as CTR. However, * you still need to provide incremental updates in multiples of * the underlying block size as the IV does not have sub-block * granularity. This is known in this API as the chunk size. * * Return: chunk size in bytes */ static inline unsigned int crypto_skcipher_chunksize( struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_skcipher_alg_chunksize(crypto_skcipher_alg(tfm)); } static inline unsigned int crypto_sync_skcipher_blocksize( struct crypto_sync_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_skcipher_blocksize(&tfm->base); } static inline unsigned int crypto_skcipher_alignmask( struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_alignmask(crypto_skcipher_tfm(tfm)); } static inline u32 crypto_skcipher_get_flags(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_get_flags(crypto_skcipher_tfm(tfm)); } static inline void crypto_skcipher_set_flags(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm, u32 flags) { crypto_tfm_set_flags(crypto_skcipher_tfm(tfm), flags); } static inline void crypto_skcipher_clear_flags(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm, u32 flags) { crypto_tfm_clear_flags(crypto_skcipher_tfm(tfm), flags); } static inline u32 crypto_sync_skcipher_get_flags( struct crypto_sync_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_skcipher_get_flags(&tfm->base); } static inline void crypto_sync_skcipher_set_flags( struct crypto_sync_skcipher *tfm, u32 flags) { crypto_skcipher_set_flags(&tfm->base, flags); } static inline void crypto_sync_skcipher_clear_flags( struct crypto_sync_skcipher *tfm, u32 flags) { crypto_skcipher_clear_flags(&tfm->base, flags); } /** * crypto_skcipher_setkey() - set key for cipher * @tfm: cipher handle * @key: buffer holding the key * @keylen: length of the key in bytes * * The caller provided key is set for the skcipher referenced by the cipher * handle. * * Note, the key length determines the cipher type. Many block ciphers implement * different cipher modes depending on the key size, such as AES-128 vs AES-192 * vs. AES-256. When providing a 16 byte key for an AES cipher handle, AES-128 * is performed. * * Return: 0 if the setting of the key was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ int crypto_skcipher_setkey(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen); static inline int crypto_sync_skcipher_setkey(struct crypto_sync_skcipher *tfm, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen) { return crypto_skcipher_setkey(&tfm->base, key, keylen); } static inline unsigned int crypto_skcipher_min_keysize( struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_skcipher_alg(tfm)->min_keysize; } static inline unsigned int crypto_skcipher_max_keysize( struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_skcipher_alg(tfm)->max_keysize; } /** * crypto_skcipher_reqtfm() - obtain cipher handle from request * @req: skcipher_request out of which the cipher handle is to be obtained * * Return the crypto_skcipher handle when furnishing an skcipher_request * data structure. * * Return: crypto_skcipher handle */ static inline struct crypto_skcipher *crypto_skcipher_reqtfm( struct skcipher_request *req) { return __crypto_skcipher_cast(req->base.tfm); } static inline struct crypto_sync_skcipher *crypto_sync_skcipher_reqtfm( struct skcipher_request *req) { struct crypto_skcipher *tfm = crypto_skcipher_reqtfm(req); return container_of(tfm, struct crypto_sync_skcipher, base); } /** * crypto_skcipher_encrypt() - encrypt plaintext * @req: reference to the skcipher_request handle that holds all information * needed to perform the cipher operation * * Encrypt plaintext data using the skcipher_request handle. That data * structure and how it is filled with data is discussed with the * skcipher_request_* functions. * * Return: 0 if the cipher operation was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ int crypto_skcipher_encrypt(struct skcipher_request *req); /** * crypto_skcipher_decrypt() - decrypt ciphertext * @req: reference to the skcipher_request handle that holds all information * needed to perform the cipher operation * * Decrypt ciphertext data using the skcipher_request handle. That data * structure and how it is filled with data is discussed with the * skcipher_request_* functions. * * Return: 0 if the cipher operation was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ int crypto_skcipher_decrypt(struct skcipher_request *req); /** * DOC: Symmetric Key Cipher Request Handle * * The skcipher_request data structure contains all pointers to data * required for the symmetric key cipher operation. This includes the cipher * handle (which can be used by multiple skcipher_request instances), pointer * to plaintext and ciphertext, asynchronous callback function, etc. It acts * as a handle to the skcipher_request_* API calls in a similar way as * skcipher handle to the crypto_skcipher_* API calls. */ /** * crypto_skcipher_reqsize() - obtain size of the request data structure * @tfm: cipher handle * * Return: number of bytes */ static inline unsigned int crypto_skcipher_reqsize(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return tfm->reqsize; } /** * skcipher_request_set_tfm() - update cipher handle reference in request * @req: request handle to be modified * @tfm: cipher handle that shall be added to the request handle * * Allow the caller to replace the existing skcipher handle in the request * data structure with a different one. */ static inline void skcipher_request_set_tfm(struct skcipher_request *req, struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { req->base.tfm = crypto_skcipher_tfm(tfm); } static inline void skcipher_request_set_sync_tfm(struct skcipher_request *req, struct crypto_sync_skcipher *tfm) { skcipher_request_set_tfm(req, &tfm->base); } static inline struct skcipher_request *skcipher_request_cast( struct crypto_async_request *req) { return container_of(req, struct skcipher_request, base); } /** * skcipher_request_alloc() - allocate request data structure * @tfm: cipher handle to be registered with the request * @gfp: memory allocation flag that is handed to kmalloc by the API call. * * Allocate the request data structure that must be used with the skcipher * encrypt and decrypt API calls. During the allocation, the provided skcipher * handle is registered in the request data structure. * * Return: allocated request handle in case of success, or NULL if out of memory */ static inline struct skcipher_request *skcipher_request_alloc( struct crypto_skcipher *tfm, gfp_t gfp) { struct skcipher_request *req; req = kmalloc(sizeof(struct skcipher_request) + crypto_skcipher_reqsize(tfm), gfp); if (likely(req)) skcipher_request_set_tfm(req, tfm); return req; } /** * skcipher_request_free() - zeroize and free request data structure * @req: request data structure cipher handle to be freed */ static inline void skcipher_request_free(struct skcipher_request *req) { kfree_sensitive(req); } static inline void skcipher_request_zero(struct skcipher_request *req) { struct crypto_skcipher *tfm = crypto_skcipher_reqtfm(req); memzero_explicit(req, sizeof(*req) + crypto_skcipher_reqsize(tfm)); } /** * skcipher_request_set_callback() - set asynchronous callback function * @req: request handle * @flags: specify zero or an ORing of the flags * CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_BACKLOG the request queue may back log and * increase the wait queue beyond the initial maximum size; * CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_SLEEP the request processing may sleep * @compl: callback function pointer to be registered with the request handle * @data: The data pointer refers to memory that is not used by the kernel * crypto API, but provided to the callback function for it to use. Here, * the caller can provide a reference to memory the callback function can * operate on. As the callback function is invoked asynchronously to the * related functionality, it may need to access data structures of the * related functionality which can be referenced using this pointer. The * callback function can access the memory via the "data" field in the * crypto_async_request data structure provided to the callback function. * * This function allows setting the callback function that is triggered once the * cipher operation completes. * * The callback function is registered with the skcipher_request handle and * must comply with the following template:: * * void callback_function(struct crypto_async_request *req, int error) */ static inline void skcipher_request_set_callback(struct skcipher_request *req, u32 flags, crypto_completion_t compl, void *data) { req->base.complete = compl; req->base.data = data; req->base.flags = flags; } /** * skcipher_request_set_crypt() - set data buffers * @req: request handle * @src: source scatter / gather list * @dst: destination scatter / gather list * @cryptlen: number of bytes to process from @src * @iv: IV for the cipher operation which must comply with the IV size defined * by crypto_skcipher_ivsize * * This function allows setting of the source data and destination data * scatter / gather lists. * * For encryption, the source is treated as the plaintext and the * destination is the ciphertext. For a decryption operation, the use is * reversed - the source is the ciphertext and the destination is the plaintext. */ static inline void skcipher_request_set_crypt( struct skcipher_request *req, struct scatterlist *src, struct scatterlist *dst, unsigned int cryptlen, void *iv) { req->src = src; req->dst = dst; req->cryptlen = cryptlen; req->iv = iv; } #endif /* _CRYPTO_SKCIPHER_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Common values for AES algorithms */ #ifndef _CRYPTO_AES_H #define _CRYPTO_AES_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/crypto.h> #define AES_MIN_KEY_SIZE 16 #define AES_MAX_KEY_SIZE 32 #define AES_KEYSIZE_128 16 #define AES_KEYSIZE_192 24 #define AES_KEYSIZE_256 32 #define AES_BLOCK_SIZE 16 #define AES_MAX_KEYLENGTH (15 * 16) #define AES_MAX_KEYLENGTH_U32 (AES_MAX_KEYLENGTH / sizeof(u32)) /* * Please ensure that the first two fields are 16-byte aligned * relative to the start of the structure, i.e., don't move them! */ struct crypto_aes_ctx { u32 key_enc[AES_MAX_KEYLENGTH_U32]; u32 key_dec[AES_MAX_KEYLENGTH_U32]; u32 key_length; }; extern const u32 crypto_ft_tab[4][256] ____cacheline_aligned; extern const u32 crypto_it_tab[4][256] ____cacheline_aligned; /* * validate key length for AES algorithms */ static inline int aes_check_keylen(unsigned int keylen) { switch (keylen) { case AES_KEYSIZE_128: case AES_KEYSIZE_192: case AES_KEYSIZE_256: break; default: return -EINVAL; } return 0; } int crypto_aes_set_key(struct crypto_tfm *tfm, const u8 *in_key, unsigned int key_len); /** * aes_expandkey - Expands the AES key as described in FIPS-197 * @ctx: The location where the computed key will be stored. * @in_key: The supplied key. * @key_len: The length of the supplied key. * * Returns 0 on success. The function fails only if an invalid key size (or * pointer) is supplied. * The expanded key size is 240 bytes (max of 14 rounds with a unique 16 bytes * key schedule plus a 16 bytes key which is used before the first round). * The decryption key is prepared for the "Equivalent Inverse Cipher" as * described in FIPS-197. The first slot (16 bytes) of each key (enc or dec) is * for the initial combination, the second slot for the first round and so on. */ int aes_expandkey(struct crypto_aes_ctx *ctx, const u8 *in_key, unsigned int key_len); /** * aes_encrypt - Encrypt a single AES block * @ctx: Context struct containing the key schedule * @out: Buffer to store the ciphertext * @in: Buffer containing the plaintext */ void aes_encrypt(const struct crypto_aes_ctx *ctx, u8 *out, const u8 *in); /** * aes_decrypt - Decrypt a single AES block * @ctx: Context struct containing the key schedule * @out: Buffer to store the plaintext * @in: Buffer containing the ciphertext */ void aes_decrypt(const struct crypto_aes_ctx *ctx, u8 *out, const u8 *in); extern const u8 crypto_aes_sbox[]; extern const u8 crypto_aes_inv_sbox[]; #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_BYTEORDER_GENERIC_H #define _LINUX_BYTEORDER_GENERIC_H /* * linux/byteorder/generic.h * Generic Byte-reordering support * * The "... p" macros, like le64_to_cpup, can be used with pointers * to unaligned data, but there will be a performance penalty on * some architectures. Use get_unaligned for unaligned data. * * Francois-Rene Rideau <fare@tunes.org> 19970707 * gathered all the good ideas from all asm-foo/byteorder.h into one file, * cleaned them up. * I hope it is compliant with non-GCC compilers. * I decided to put __BYTEORDER_HAS_U64__ in byteorder.h, * because I wasn't sure it would be ok to put it in types.h * Upgraded it to 2.1.43 * Francois-Rene Rideau <fare@tunes.org> 19971012 * Upgraded it to 2.1.57 * to please Linus T., replaced huge #ifdef's between little/big endian * by nestedly #include'd files. * Francois-Rene Rideau <fare@tunes.org> 19971205 * Made it to 2.1.71; now a facelift: * Put files under include/linux/byteorder/ * Split swab from generic support. * * TODO: * = Regular kernel maintainers could also replace all these manual * byteswap macros that remain, disseminated among drivers, * after some grep or the sources... * = Linus might want to rename all these macros and files to fit his taste, * to fit his personal naming scheme. * = it seems that a few drivers would also appreciate * nybble swapping support... * = every architecture could add their byteswap macro in asm/byteorder.h * see how some architectures already do (i386, alpha, ppc, etc) * = cpu_to_beXX and beXX_to_cpu might some day need to be well * distinguished throughout the kernel. This is not the case currently, * since little endian, big endian, and pdp endian machines needn't it. * But this might be the case for, say, a port of Linux to 20/21 bit * architectures (and F21 Linux addict around?). */ /* * The following macros are to be defined by <asm/byteorder.h>: * * Conversion of long and short int between network and host format * ntohl(__u32 x) * ntohs(__u16 x) * htonl(__u32 x) * htons(__u16 x) * It seems that some programs (which? where? or perhaps a standard? POSIX?) * might like the above to be functions, not macros (why?). * if that's true, then detect them, and take measures. * Anyway, the measure is: define only ___ntohl as a macro instead, * and in a separate file, have * unsigned long inline ntohl(x){return ___ntohl(x);} * * The same for constant arguments * __constant_ntohl(__u32 x) * __constant_ntohs(__u16 x) * __constant_htonl(__u32 x) * __constant_htons(__u16 x) * * Conversion of XX-bit integers (16- 32- or 64-) * between native CPU format and little/big endian format * 64-bit stuff only defined for proper architectures * cpu_to_[bl]eXX(__uXX x) * [bl]eXX_to_cpu(__uXX x) * * The same, but takes a pointer to the value to convert * cpu_to_[bl]eXXp(__uXX x) * [bl]eXX_to_cpup(__uXX x) * * The same, but change in situ * cpu_to_[bl]eXXs(__uXX x) * [bl]eXX_to_cpus(__uXX x) * * See asm-foo/byteorder.h for examples of how to provide * architecture-optimized versions * */ #define cpu_to_le64 __cpu_to_le64 #define le64_to_cpu __le64_to_cpu #define cpu_to_le32 __cpu_to_le32 #define le32_to_cpu __le32_to_cpu #define cpu_to_le16 __cpu_to_le16 #define le16_to_cpu __le16_to_cpu #define cpu_to_be64 __cpu_to_be64 #define be64_to_cpu __be64_to_cpu #define cpu_to_be32 __cpu_to_be32 #define be32_to_cpu __be32_to_cpu #define cpu_to_be16 __cpu_to_be16 #define be16_to_cpu __be16_to_cpu #define cpu_to_le64p __cpu_to_le64p #define le64_to_cpup __le64_to_cpup #define cpu_to_le32p __cpu_to_le32p #define le32_to_cpup __le32_to_cpup #define cpu_to_le16p __cpu_to_le16p #define le16_to_cpup __le16_to_cpup #define cpu_to_be64p __cpu_to_be64p #define be64_to_cpup __be64_to_cpup #define cpu_to_be32p __cpu_to_be32p #define be32_to_cpup __be32_to_cpup #define cpu_to_be16p __cpu_to_be16p #define be16_to_cpup __be16_to_cpup #define cpu_to_le64s __cpu_to_le64s #define le64_to_cpus __le64_to_cpus #define cpu_to_le32s __cpu_to_le32s #define le32_to_cpus __le32_to_cpus #define cpu_to_le16s __cpu_to_le16s #define le16_to_cpus __le16_to_cpus #define cpu_to_be64s __cpu_to_be64s #define be64_to_cpus __be64_to_cpus #define cpu_to_be32s __cpu_to_be32s #define be32_to_cpus __be32_to_cpus #define cpu_to_be16s __cpu_to_be16s #define be16_to_cpus __be16_to_cpus /* * They have to be macros in order to do the constant folding * correctly - if the argument passed into a inline function * it is no longer constant according to gcc.. */ #undef ntohl #undef ntohs #undef htonl #undef htons #define ___htonl(x) __cpu_to_be32(x) #define ___htons(x) __cpu_to_be16(x) #define ___ntohl(x) __be32_to_cpu(x) #define ___ntohs(x) __be16_to_cpu(x) #define htonl(x) ___htonl(x) #define ntohl(x) ___ntohl(x) #define htons(x) ___htons(x) #define ntohs(x) ___ntohs(x) static inline void le16_add_cpu(__le16 *var, u16 val) { *var = cpu_to_le16(le16_to_cpu(*var) + val); } static inline void le32_add_cpu(__le32 *var, u32 val) { *var = cpu_to_le32(le32_to_cpu(*var) + val); } static inline void le64_add_cpu(__le64 *var, u64 val) { *var = cpu_to_le64(le64_to_cpu(*var) + val); } /* XXX: this stuff can be optimized */ static inline void le32_to_cpu_array(u32 *buf, unsigned int words) { while (words--) { __le32_to_cpus(buf); buf++; } } static inline void cpu_to_le32_array(u32 *buf, unsigned int words) { while (words--) { __cpu_to_le32s(buf); buf++; } } static inline void be16_add_cpu(__be16 *var, u16 val) { *var = cpu_to_be16(be16_to_cpu(*var) + val); } static inline void be32_add_cpu(__be32 *var, u32 val) { *var = cpu_to_be32(be32_to_cpu(*var) + val); } static inline void be64_add_cpu(__be64 *var, u64 val) { *var = cpu_to_be64(be64_to_cpu(*var) + val); } static inline void cpu_to_be32_array(__be32 *dst, const u32 *src, size_t len) { int i; for (i = 0; i < len; i++) dst[i] = cpu_to_be32(src[i]); } static inline void be32_to_cpu_array(u32 *dst, const __be32 *src, size_t len) { int i; for (i = 0; i < len; i++) dst[i] = be32_to_cpu(src[i]); } #endif /* _LINUX_BYTEORDER_GENERIC_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_ERR_H #define _LINUX_ERR_H #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <asm/errno.h> /* * Kernel pointers have redundant information, so we can use a * scheme where we can return either an error code or a normal * pointer with the same return value. * * This should be a per-architecture thing, to allow different * error and pointer decisions. */ #define MAX_ERRNO 4095 #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #define IS_ERR_VALUE(x) unlikely((unsigned long)(void *)(x) >= (unsigned long)-MAX_ERRNO) static inline void * __must_check ERR_PTR(long error) { return (void *) error; } static inline long __must_check PTR_ERR(__force const void *ptr) { return (long) ptr; } static inline bool __must_check IS_ERR(__force const void *ptr) { return IS_ERR_VALUE((unsigned long)ptr); } static inline bool __must_check IS_ERR_OR_NULL(__force const void *ptr) { return unlikely(!ptr) || IS_ERR_VALUE((unsigned long)ptr); } /** * ERR_CAST - Explicitly cast an error-valued pointer to another pointer type * @ptr: The pointer to cast. * * Explicitly cast an error-valued pointer to another pointer type in such a * way as to make it clear that's what's going on. */ static inline void * __must_check ERR_CAST(__force const void *ptr) { /* cast away the const */ return (void *) ptr; } static inline int __must_check PTR_ERR_OR_ZERO(__force const void *ptr) { if (IS_ERR(ptr)) return PTR_ERR(ptr); else return 0; } #endif #endif /* _LINUX_ERR_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 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IEEE802154_SEQ_LEN 1 /* General MAC frame format: * 2 bytes: Frame Control * 1 byte: Sequence Number * 20 bytes: Addressing fields * 14 bytes: Auxiliary Security Header */ #define IEEE802154_MAX_HEADER_LEN (2 + 1 + 20 + 14) #define IEEE802154_MIN_HEADER_LEN (IEEE802154_ACK_PSDU_LEN - \ IEEE802154_FCS_LEN) #define IEEE802154_PAN_ID_BROADCAST 0xffff #define IEEE802154_ADDR_SHORT_BROADCAST 0xffff #define IEEE802154_ADDR_SHORT_UNSPEC 0xfffe #define IEEE802154_EXTENDED_ADDR_LEN 8 #define IEEE802154_SHORT_ADDR_LEN 2 #define IEEE802154_PAN_ID_LEN 2 #define IEEE802154_LIFS_PERIOD 40 #define IEEE802154_SIFS_PERIOD 12 #define IEEE802154_MAX_SIFS_FRAME_SIZE 18 #define IEEE802154_MAX_CHANNEL 26 #define IEEE802154_MAX_PAGE 31 #define IEEE802154_FC_TYPE_BEACON 0x0 /* Frame is beacon */ #define IEEE802154_FC_TYPE_DATA 0x1 /* Frame is data */ #define IEEE802154_FC_TYPE_ACK 0x2 /* Frame is acknowledgment */ #define IEEE802154_FC_TYPE_MAC_CMD 0x3 /* Frame is MAC command */ #define IEEE802154_FC_TYPE_SHIFT 0 #define IEEE802154_FC_TYPE_MASK ((1 << 3) - 1) #define IEEE802154_FC_TYPE(x) ((x & IEEE802154_FC_TYPE_MASK) >> IEEE802154_FC_TYPE_SHIFT) #define IEEE802154_FC_SET_TYPE(v, x) do { \ v = (((v) & ~IEEE802154_FC_TYPE_MASK) | \ (((x) << IEEE802154_FC_TYPE_SHIFT) & IEEE802154_FC_TYPE_MASK)); \ } while (0) #define IEEE802154_FC_SECEN_SHIFT 3 #define IEEE802154_FC_SECEN (1 << IEEE802154_FC_SECEN_SHIFT) #define IEEE802154_FC_FRPEND_SHIFT 4 #define IEEE802154_FC_FRPEND (1 << IEEE802154_FC_FRPEND_SHIFT) #define IEEE802154_FC_ACK_REQ_SHIFT 5 #define IEEE802154_FC_ACK_REQ (1 << IEEE802154_FC_ACK_REQ_SHIFT) #define IEEE802154_FC_INTRA_PAN_SHIFT 6 #define IEEE802154_FC_INTRA_PAN (1 << IEEE802154_FC_INTRA_PAN_SHIFT) #define IEEE802154_FC_SAMODE_SHIFT 14 #define IEEE802154_FC_SAMODE_MASK (3 << IEEE802154_FC_SAMODE_SHIFT) #define IEEE802154_FC_DAMODE_SHIFT 10 #define IEEE802154_FC_DAMODE_MASK (3 << IEEE802154_FC_DAMODE_SHIFT) #define IEEE802154_FC_VERSION_SHIFT 12 #define IEEE802154_FC_VERSION_MASK (3 << IEEE802154_FC_VERSION_SHIFT) #define IEEE802154_FC_VERSION(x) ((x & IEEE802154_FC_VERSION_MASK) >> IEEE802154_FC_VERSION_SHIFT) #define IEEE802154_FC_SAMODE(x) \ (((x) & IEEE802154_FC_SAMODE_MASK) >> IEEE802154_FC_SAMODE_SHIFT) #define IEEE802154_FC_DAMODE(x) \ (((x) & IEEE802154_FC_DAMODE_MASK) >> IEEE802154_FC_DAMODE_SHIFT) #define IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_MASK 7 #define IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_SHIFT 0 #define IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL(x) (x & IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_MASK) #define IEEE802154_SCF_KEY_ID_MODE_SHIFT 3 #define IEEE802154_SCF_KEY_ID_MODE_MASK (3 << IEEE802154_SCF_KEY_ID_MODE_SHIFT) #define IEEE802154_SCF_KEY_ID_MODE(x) \ ((x & IEEE802154_SCF_KEY_ID_MODE_MASK) >> IEEE802154_SCF_KEY_ID_MODE_SHIFT) #define IEEE802154_SCF_KEY_IMPLICIT 0 #define IEEE802154_SCF_KEY_INDEX 1 #define IEEE802154_SCF_KEY_SHORT_INDEX 2 #define IEEE802154_SCF_KEY_HW_INDEX 3 #define IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_NONE 0 #define IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_MIC32 1 #define IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_MIC64 2 #define IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_MIC128 3 #define IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_ENC 4 #define IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_ENC_MIC32 5 #define IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_ENC_MIC64 6 #define IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_ENC_MIC128 7 /* MAC footer size */ #define IEEE802154_MFR_SIZE 2 /* 2 octets */ /* MAC's Command Frames Identifiers */ #define IEEE802154_CMD_ASSOCIATION_REQ 0x01 #define IEEE802154_CMD_ASSOCIATION_RESP 0x02 #define IEEE802154_CMD_DISASSOCIATION_NOTIFY 0x03 #define IEEE802154_CMD_DATA_REQ 0x04 #define IEEE802154_CMD_PANID_CONFLICT_NOTIFY 0x05 #define IEEE802154_CMD_ORPHAN_NOTIFY 0x06 #define IEEE802154_CMD_BEACON_REQ 0x07 #define IEEE802154_CMD_COORD_REALIGN_NOTIFY 0x08 #define IEEE802154_CMD_GTS_REQ 0x09 /* * The return values of MAC operations */ enum { /* * The requested operation was completed successfully. * For a transmission request, this value indicates * a successful transmission. */ IEEE802154_SUCCESS = 0x0, /* The beacon was lost following a synchronization request. */ IEEE802154_BEACON_LOSS = 0xe0, /* * A transmission could not take place due to activity on the * channel, i.e., the CSMA-CA mechanism has failed. */ IEEE802154_CHNL_ACCESS_FAIL = 0xe1, /* The GTS request has been denied by the PAN coordinator. */ IEEE802154_DENINED = 0xe2, /* The attempt to disable the transceiver has failed. */ IEEE802154_DISABLE_TRX_FAIL = 0xe3, /* * The received frame induces a failed security check according to * the security suite. */ IEEE802154_FAILED_SECURITY_CHECK = 0xe4, /* * The frame resulting from secure processing has a length that is * greater than aMACMaxFrameSize. */ IEEE802154_FRAME_TOO_LONG = 0xe5, /* * The requested GTS transmission failed because the specified GTS * either did not have a transmit GTS direction or was not defined. */ IEEE802154_INVALID_GTS = 0xe6, /* * A request to purge an MSDU from the transaction queue was made using * an MSDU handle that was not found in the transaction table. */ IEEE802154_INVALID_HANDLE = 0xe7, /* A parameter in the primitive is out of the valid range.*/ IEEE802154_INVALID_PARAMETER = 0xe8, /* No acknowledgment was received after aMaxFrameRetries. */ IEEE802154_NO_ACK = 0xe9, /* A scan operation failed to find any network beacons.*/ IEEE802154_NO_BEACON = 0xea, /* No response data were available following a request. */ IEEE802154_NO_DATA = 0xeb, /* The operation failed because a short address was not allocated. */ IEEE802154_NO_SHORT_ADDRESS = 0xec, /* * A receiver enable request was unsuccessful because it could not be * completed within the CAP. */ IEEE802154_OUT_OF_CAP = 0xed, /* * A PAN identifier conflict has been detected and communicated to the * PAN coordinator. */ IEEE802154_PANID_CONFLICT = 0xee, /* A coordinator realignment command has been received. */ IEEE802154_REALIGMENT = 0xef, /* The transaction has expired and its information discarded. */ IEEE802154_TRANSACTION_EXPIRED = 0xf0, /* There is no capacity to store the transaction. */ IEEE802154_TRANSACTION_OVERFLOW = 0xf1, /* * The transceiver was in the transmitter enabled state when the * receiver was requested to be enabled. */ IEEE802154_TX_ACTIVE = 0xf2, /* The appropriate key is not available in the ACL. */ IEEE802154_UNAVAILABLE_KEY = 0xf3, /* * A SET/GET request was issued with the identifier of a PIB attribute * that is not supported. */ IEEE802154_UNSUPPORTED_ATTR = 0xf4, /* * A request to perform a scan operation failed because the MLME was * in the process of performing a previously initiated scan operation. */ IEEE802154_SCAN_IN_PROGRESS = 0xfc, }; /* frame control handling */ #define IEEE802154_FCTL_FTYPE 0x0003 #define IEEE802154_FCTL_ACKREQ 0x0020 #define IEEE802154_FCTL_SECEN 0x0004 #define IEEE802154_FCTL_INTRA_PAN 0x0040 #define IEEE802154_FCTL_DADDR 0x0c00 #define IEEE802154_FCTL_SADDR 0xc000 #define IEEE802154_FTYPE_DATA 0x0001 #define IEEE802154_FCTL_ADDR_NONE 0x0000 #define IEEE802154_FCTL_DADDR_SHORT 0x0800 #define IEEE802154_FCTL_DADDR_EXTENDED 0x0c00 #define IEEE802154_FCTL_SADDR_SHORT 0x8000 #define IEEE802154_FCTL_SADDR_EXTENDED 0xc000 /* * ieee802154_is_data - check if type is IEEE802154_FTYPE_DATA * @fc: frame control bytes in little-endian byteorder */ static inline int ieee802154_is_data(__le16 fc) { return (fc & cpu_to_le16(IEEE802154_FCTL_FTYPE)) == cpu_to_le16(IEEE802154_FTYPE_DATA); } /** * ieee802154_is_secen - check if Security bit is set * @fc: frame control bytes in little-endian byteorder */ static inline bool ieee802154_is_secen(__le16 fc) { return fc & cpu_to_le16(IEEE802154_FCTL_SECEN); } /** * ieee802154_is_ackreq - check if acknowledgment request bit is set * @fc: frame control bytes in little-endian byteorder */ static inline bool ieee802154_is_ackreq(__le16 fc) { return fc & cpu_to_le16(IEEE802154_FCTL_ACKREQ); } /** * ieee802154_is_intra_pan - check if intra pan id communication * @fc: frame control bytes in little-endian byteorder */ static inline bool ieee802154_is_intra_pan(__le16 fc) { return fc & cpu_to_le16(IEEE802154_FCTL_INTRA_PAN); } /* * ieee802154_daddr_mode - get daddr mode from fc * @fc: frame control bytes in little-endian byteorder */ static inline __le16 ieee802154_daddr_mode(__le16 fc) { return fc & cpu_to_le16(IEEE802154_FCTL_DADDR); } /* * ieee802154_saddr_mode - get saddr mode from fc * @fc: frame control bytes in little-endian byteorder */ static inline __le16 ieee802154_saddr_mode(__le16 fc) { return fc & cpu_to_le16(IEEE802154_FCTL_SADDR); } /** * ieee802154_is_valid_psdu_len - check if psdu len is valid * available lengths: * 0-4 Reserved * 5 MPDU (Acknowledgment) * 6-8 Reserved * 9-127 MPDU * * @len: psdu len with (MHR + payload + MFR) */ static inline bool ieee802154_is_valid_psdu_len(u8 len) { return (len == IEEE802154_ACK_PSDU_LEN || (len >= IEEE802154_MIN_PSDU_LEN && len <= IEEE802154_MTU)); } /** * ieee802154_is_valid_extended_unicast_addr - check if extended addr is valid * @addr: extended addr to check */ static inline bool ieee802154_is_valid_extended_unicast_addr(__le64 addr) { /* Bail out if the address is all zero, or if the group * address bit is set. */ return ((addr != cpu_to_le64(0x0000000000000000ULL)) && !(addr & cpu_to_le64(0x0100000000000000ULL))); } /** * ieee802154_is_broadcast_short_addr - check if short addr is broadcast * @addr: short addr to check */ static inline bool ieee802154_is_broadcast_short_addr(__le16 addr) { return (addr == cpu_to_le16(IEEE802154_ADDR_SHORT_BROADCAST)); } /** * ieee802154_is_unspec_short_addr - check if short addr is unspecified * @addr: short addr to check */ static inline bool ieee802154_is_unspec_short_addr(__le16 addr) { return (addr == cpu_to_le16(IEEE802154_ADDR_SHORT_UNSPEC)); } /** * ieee802154_is_valid_src_short_addr - check if source short address is valid * @addr: short addr to check */ static inline bool ieee802154_is_valid_src_short_addr(__le16 addr) { return !(ieee802154_is_broadcast_short_addr(addr) || ieee802154_is_unspec_short_addr(addr)); } /** * ieee802154_random_extended_addr - generates a random extended address * @addr: extended addr pointer to place the random address */ static inline void ieee802154_random_extended_addr(__le64 *addr) { get_random_bytes(addr, IEEE802154_EXTENDED_ADDR_LEN); /* clear the group bit, and set the locally administered bit */ ((u8 *)addr)[IEEE802154_EXTENDED_ADDR_LEN - 1] &= ~0x01; ((u8 *)addr)[IEEE802154_EXTENDED_ADDR_LEN - 1] |= 0x02; } #endif /* LINUX_IEEE802154_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_DMA_MAPPING_H #define _ASM_X86_DMA_MAPPING_H /* * IOMMU interface. See Documentation/core-api/dma-api-howto.rst and * Documentation/core-api/dma-api.rst for documentation. */ #include <linux/scatterlist.h> #include <asm/io.h> #include <asm/swiotlb.h> extern int iommu_merge; extern int panic_on_overflow; extern const struct dma_map_ops *dma_ops; static inline const struct dma_map_ops *get_arch_dma_ops(struct bus_type *bus) { return dma_ops; } #endif
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2821 2822 2823 2824 2825 2826 2827 2828 2829 2830 2831 2832 2833 2834 2835 2836 2837 2838 2839 2840 2841 2842 2843 2844 2845 2846 2847 2848 2849 2850 2851 2852 2853 2854 2855 2856 2857 2858 2859 2860 2861 2862 2863 2864 2865 2866 2867 2868 2869 2870 2871 2872 2873 2874 2875 2876 2877 2878 2879 2880 2881 2882 2883 2884 2885 2886 2887 2888 2889 2890 2891 2892 2893 2894 2895 2896 2897 2898 2899 2900 2901 2902 2903 2904 2905 2906 2907 2908 2909 2910 2911 2912 2913 2914 2915 2916 2917 2918 2919 2920 2921 2922 2923 2924 2925 2926 2927 2928 2929 2930 2931 2932 2933 2934 2935 2936 2937 2938 2939 2940 2941 2942 2943 2944 2945 2946 2947 2948 2949 2950 2951 2952 2953 2954 2955 2956 2957 2958 2959 2960 2961 2962 2963 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later /* * Kernel Probes (KProbes) * kernel/kprobes.c * * Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2002, 2004 * * 2002-Oct Created by Vamsi Krishna S <vamsi_krishna@in.ibm.com> Kernel * Probes initial implementation (includes suggestions from * Rusty Russell). * 2004-Aug Updated by Prasanna S Panchamukhi <prasanna@in.ibm.com> with * hlists and exceptions notifier as suggested by Andi Kleen. * 2004-July Suparna Bhattacharya <suparna@in.ibm.com> added jumper probes * interface to access function arguments. * 2004-Sep Prasanna S Panchamukhi <prasanna@in.ibm.com> Changed Kprobes * exceptions notifier to be first on the priority list. * 2005-May Hien Nguyen <hien@us.ibm.com>, Jim Keniston * <jkenisto@us.ibm.com> and Prasanna S Panchamukhi * <prasanna@in.ibm.com> added function-return probes. */ #include <linux/kprobes.h> #include <linux/hash.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/moduleloader.h> #include <linux/kallsyms.h> #include <linux/freezer.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/debugfs.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/kdebug.h> #include <linux/memory.h> #include <linux/ftrace.h> #include <linux/cpu.h> #include <linux/jump_label.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <linux/static_call.h> #include <asm/sections.h> #include <asm/cacheflush.h> #include <asm/errno.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #define KPROBE_HASH_BITS 6 #define KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE (1 << KPROBE_HASH_BITS) static int kprobes_initialized; /* kprobe_table can be accessed by * - Normal hlist traversal and RCU add/del under kprobe_mutex is held. * Or * - RCU hlist traversal under disabling preempt (breakpoint handlers) */ static struct hlist_head kprobe_table[KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE]; static struct hlist_head kretprobe_inst_table[KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE]; /* NOTE: change this value only with kprobe_mutex held */ static bool kprobes_all_disarmed; /* This protects kprobe_table and optimizing_list */ static DEFINE_MUTEX(kprobe_mutex); static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct kprobe *, kprobe_instance) = NULL; static struct { raw_spinlock_t lock ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; } kretprobe_table_locks[KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE]; kprobe_opcode_t * __weak kprobe_lookup_name(const char *name, unsigned int __unused) { return ((kprobe_opcode_t *)(kallsyms_lookup_name(name))); } static raw_spinlock_t *kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(unsigned long hash) { return &(kretprobe_table_locks[hash].lock); } /* Blacklist -- list of struct kprobe_blacklist_entry */ static LIST_HEAD(kprobe_blacklist); #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_KPROBES_INSN_SLOT /* * kprobe->ainsn.insn points to the copy of the instruction to be * single-stepped. x86_64, POWER4 and above have no-exec support and * stepping on the instruction on a vmalloced/kmalloced/data page * is a recipe for disaster */ struct kprobe_insn_page { struct list_head list; kprobe_opcode_t *insns; /* Page of instruction slots */ struct kprobe_insn_cache *cache; int nused; int ngarbage; char slot_used[]; }; #define KPROBE_INSN_PAGE_SIZE(slots) \ (offsetof(struct kprobe_insn_page, slot_used) + \ (sizeof(char) * (slots))) static int slots_per_page(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c) { return PAGE_SIZE/(c->insn_size * sizeof(kprobe_opcode_t)); } enum kprobe_slot_state { SLOT_CLEAN = 0, SLOT_DIRTY = 1, SLOT_USED = 2, }; void __weak *alloc_insn_page(void) { return module_alloc(PAGE_SIZE); } void __weak free_insn_page(void *page) { module_memfree(page); } struct kprobe_insn_cache kprobe_insn_slots = { .mutex = __MUTEX_INITIALIZER(kprobe_insn_slots.mutex), .alloc = alloc_insn_page, .free = free_insn_page, .sym = KPROBE_INSN_PAGE_SYM, .pages = LIST_HEAD_INIT(kprobe_insn_slots.pages), .insn_size = MAX_INSN_SIZE, .nr_garbage = 0, }; static int collect_garbage_slots(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c); /** * __get_insn_slot() - Find a slot on an executable page for an instruction. * We allocate an executable page if there's no room on existing ones. */ kprobe_opcode_t *__get_insn_slot(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip; kprobe_opcode_t *slot = NULL; /* Since the slot array is not protected by rcu, we need a mutex */ mutex_lock(&c->mutex); retry: rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(kip, &c->pages, list) { if (kip->nused < slots_per_page(c)) { int i; for (i = 0; i < slots_per_page(c); i++) { if (kip->slot_used[i] == SLOT_CLEAN) { kip->slot_used[i] = SLOT_USED; kip->nused++; slot = kip->insns + (i * c->insn_size); rcu_read_unlock(); goto out; } } /* kip->nused is broken. Fix it. */ kip->nused = slots_per_page(c); WARN_ON(1); } } rcu_read_unlock(); /* If there are any garbage slots, collect it and try again. */ if (c->nr_garbage && collect_garbage_slots(c) == 0) goto retry; /* All out of space. Need to allocate a new page. */ kip = kmalloc(KPROBE_INSN_PAGE_SIZE(slots_per_page(c)), GFP_KERNEL); if (!kip) goto out; /* * Use module_alloc so this page is within +/- 2GB of where the * kernel image and loaded module images reside. This is required * so x86_64 can correctly handle the %rip-relative fixups. */ kip->insns = c->alloc(); if (!kip->insns) { kfree(kip); goto out; } INIT_LIST_HEAD(&kip->list); memset(kip->slot_used, SLOT_CLEAN, slots_per_page(c)); kip->slot_used[0] = SLOT_USED; kip->nused = 1; kip->ngarbage = 0; kip->cache = c; list_add_rcu(&kip->list, &c->pages); slot = kip->insns; /* Record the perf ksymbol register event after adding the page */ perf_event_ksymbol(PERF_RECORD_KSYMBOL_TYPE_OOL, (unsigned long)kip->insns, PAGE_SIZE, false, c->sym); out: mutex_unlock(&c->mutex); return slot; } /* Return 1 if all garbages are collected, otherwise 0. */ static int collect_one_slot(struct kprobe_insn_page *kip, int idx) { kip->slot_used[idx] = SLOT_CLEAN; kip->nused--; if (kip->nused == 0) { /* * Page is no longer in use. Free it unless * it's the last one. We keep the last one * so as not to have to set it up again the * next time somebody inserts a probe. */ if (!list_is_singular(&kip->list)) { /* * Record perf ksymbol unregister event before removing * the page. */ perf_event_ksymbol(PERF_RECORD_KSYMBOL_TYPE_OOL, (unsigned long)kip->insns, PAGE_SIZE, true, kip->cache->sym); list_del_rcu(&kip->list); synchronize_rcu(); kip->cache->free(kip->insns); kfree(kip); } return 1; } return 0; } static int collect_garbage_slots(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip, *next; /* Ensure no-one is interrupted on the garbages */ synchronize_rcu(); list_for_each_entry_safe(kip, next, &c->pages, list) { int i; if (kip->ngarbage == 0) continue; kip->ngarbage = 0; /* we will collect all garbages */ for (i = 0; i < slots_per_page(c); i++) { if (kip->slot_used[i] == SLOT_DIRTY && collect_one_slot(kip, i)) break; } } c->nr_garbage = 0; return 0; } void __free_insn_slot(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c, kprobe_opcode_t *slot, int dirty) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip; long idx; mutex_lock(&c->mutex); rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(kip, &c->pages, list) { idx = ((long)slot - (long)kip->insns) / (c->insn_size * sizeof(kprobe_opcode_t)); if (idx >= 0 && idx < slots_per_page(c)) goto out; } /* Could not find this slot. */ WARN_ON(1); kip = NULL; out: rcu_read_unlock(); /* Mark and sweep: this may sleep */ if (kip) { /* Check double free */ WARN_ON(kip->slot_used[idx] != SLOT_USED); if (dirty) { kip->slot_used[idx] = SLOT_DIRTY; kip->ngarbage++; if (++c->nr_garbage > slots_per_page(c)) collect_garbage_slots(c); } else { collect_one_slot(kip, idx); } } mutex_unlock(&c->mutex); } /* * Check given address is on the page of kprobe instruction slots. * This will be used for checking whether the address on a stack * is on a text area or not. */ bool __is_insn_slot_addr(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c, unsigned long addr) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip; bool ret = false; rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(kip, &c->pages, list) { if (addr >= (unsigned long)kip->insns && addr < (unsigned long)kip->insns + PAGE_SIZE) { ret = true; break; } } rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } int kprobe_cache_get_kallsym(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c, unsigned int *symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *sym) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip; int ret = -ERANGE; rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(kip, &c->pages, list) { if ((*symnum)--) continue; strlcpy(sym, c->sym, KSYM_NAME_LEN); *type = 't'; *value = (unsigned long)kip->insns; ret = 0; break; } rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } #ifdef CONFIG_OPTPROBES /* For optimized_kprobe buffer */ struct kprobe_insn_cache kprobe_optinsn_slots = { .mutex = __MUTEX_INITIALIZER(kprobe_optinsn_slots.mutex), .alloc = alloc_insn_page, .free = free_insn_page, .sym = KPROBE_OPTINSN_PAGE_SYM, .pages = LIST_HEAD_INIT(kprobe_optinsn_slots.pages), /* .insn_size is initialized later */ .nr_garbage = 0, }; #endif #endif /* We have preemption disabled.. so it is safe to use __ versions */ static inline void set_kprobe_instance(struct kprobe *kp) { __this_cpu_write(kprobe_instance, kp); } static inline void reset_kprobe_instance(void) { __this_cpu_write(kprobe_instance, NULL); } /* * This routine is called either: * - under the kprobe_mutex - during kprobe_[un]register() * OR * - with preemption disabled - from arch/xxx/kernel/kprobes.c */ struct kprobe *get_kprobe(void *addr) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; head = &kprobe_table[hash_ptr(addr, KPROBE_HASH_BITS)]; hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(p, head, hlist, lockdep_is_held(&kprobe_mutex)) { if (p->addr == addr) return p; } return NULL; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(get_kprobe); static int aggr_pre_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs); /* Return true if the kprobe is an aggregator */ static inline int kprobe_aggrprobe(struct kprobe *p) { return p->pre_handler == aggr_pre_handler; } /* Return true(!0) if the kprobe is unused */ static inline int kprobe_unused(struct kprobe *p) { return kprobe_aggrprobe(p) && kprobe_disabled(p) && list_empty(&p->list); } /* * Keep all fields in the kprobe consistent */ static inline void copy_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p) { memcpy(&p->opcode, &ap->opcode, sizeof(kprobe_opcode_t)); memcpy(&p->ainsn, &ap->ainsn, sizeof(struct arch_specific_insn)); } #ifdef CONFIG_OPTPROBES /* NOTE: change this value only with kprobe_mutex held */ static bool kprobes_allow_optimization; /* * Call all pre_handler on the list, but ignores its return value. * This must be called from arch-dep optimized caller. */ void opt_pre_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs) { struct kprobe *kp; list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) { if (kp->pre_handler && likely(!kprobe_disabled(kp))) { set_kprobe_instance(kp); kp->pre_handler(kp, regs); } reset_kprobe_instance(); } } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(opt_pre_handler); /* Free optimized instructions and optimized_kprobe */ static void free_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); arch_remove_optimized_kprobe(op); arch_remove_kprobe(p); kfree(op); } /* Return true(!0) if the kprobe is ready for optimization. */ static inline int kprobe_optready(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; if (kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); return arch_prepared_optinsn(&op->optinsn); } return 0; } /* Return true(!0) if the kprobe is disarmed. Note: p must be on hash list */ static inline int kprobe_disarmed(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* If kprobe is not aggr/opt probe, just return kprobe is disabled */ if (!kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) return kprobe_disabled(p); op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); return kprobe_disabled(p) && list_empty(&op->list); } /* Return true(!0) if the probe is queued on (un)optimizing lists */ static int kprobe_queued(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; if (kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (!list_empty(&op->list)) return 1; } return 0; } /* * Return an optimized kprobe whose optimizing code replaces * instructions including addr (exclude breakpoint). */ static struct kprobe *get_optimized_kprobe(unsigned long addr) { int i; struct kprobe *p = NULL; struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* Don't check i == 0, since that is a breakpoint case. */ for (i = 1; !p && i < MAX_OPTIMIZED_LENGTH; i++) p = get_kprobe((void *)(addr - i)); if (p && kprobe_optready(p)) { op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (arch_within_optimized_kprobe(op, addr)) return p; } return NULL; } /* Optimization staging list, protected by kprobe_mutex */ static LIST_HEAD(optimizing_list); static LIST_HEAD(unoptimizing_list); static LIST_HEAD(freeing_list); static void kprobe_optimizer(struct work_struct *work); static DECLARE_DELAYED_WORK(optimizing_work, kprobe_optimizer); #define OPTIMIZE_DELAY 5 /* * Optimize (replace a breakpoint with a jump) kprobes listed on * optimizing_list. */ static void do_optimize_kprobes(void) { lockdep_assert_held(&text_mutex); /* * The optimization/unoptimization refers online_cpus via * stop_machine() and cpu-hotplug modifies online_cpus. * And same time, text_mutex will be held in cpu-hotplug and here. * This combination can cause a deadlock (cpu-hotplug try to lock * text_mutex but stop_machine can not be done because online_cpus * has been changed) * To avoid this deadlock, caller must have locked cpu hotplug * for preventing cpu-hotplug outside of text_mutex locking. */ lockdep_assert_cpus_held(); /* Optimization never be done when disarmed */ if (kprobes_all_disarmed || !kprobes_allow_optimization || list_empty(&optimizing_list)) return; arch_optimize_kprobes(&optimizing_list); } /* * Unoptimize (replace a jump with a breakpoint and remove the breakpoint * if need) kprobes listed on unoptimizing_list. */ static void do_unoptimize_kprobes(void) { struct optimized_kprobe *op, *tmp; lockdep_assert_held(&text_mutex); /* See comment in do_optimize_kprobes() */ lockdep_assert_cpus_held(); /* Unoptimization must be done anytime */ if (list_empty(&unoptimizing_list)) return; arch_unoptimize_kprobes(&unoptimizing_list, &freeing_list); /* Loop free_list for disarming */ list_for_each_entry_safe(op, tmp, &freeing_list, list) { /* Switching from detour code to origin */ op->kp.flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; /* Disarm probes if marked disabled */ if (kprobe_disabled(&op->kp)) arch_disarm_kprobe(&op->kp); if (kprobe_unused(&op->kp)) { /* * Remove unused probes from hash list. After waiting * for synchronization, these probes are reclaimed. * (reclaiming is done by do_free_cleaned_kprobes.) */ hlist_del_rcu(&op->kp.hlist); } else list_del_init(&op->list); } } /* Reclaim all kprobes on the free_list */ static void do_free_cleaned_kprobes(void) { struct optimized_kprobe *op, *tmp; list_for_each_entry_safe(op, tmp, &freeing_list, list) { list_del_init(&op->list); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!kprobe_unused(&op->kp))) { /* * This must not happen, but if there is a kprobe * still in use, keep it on kprobes hash list. */ continue; } free_aggr_kprobe(&op->kp); } } /* Start optimizer after OPTIMIZE_DELAY passed */ static void kick_kprobe_optimizer(void) { schedule_delayed_work(&optimizing_work, OPTIMIZE_DELAY); } /* Kprobe jump optimizer */ static void kprobe_optimizer(struct work_struct *work) { mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); cpus_read_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); /* * Step 1: Unoptimize kprobes and collect cleaned (unused and disarmed) * kprobes before waiting for quiesence period. */ do_unoptimize_kprobes(); /* * Step 2: Wait for quiesence period to ensure all potentially * preempted tasks to have normally scheduled. Because optprobe * may modify multiple instructions, there is a chance that Nth * instruction is preempted. In that case, such tasks can return * to 2nd-Nth byte of jump instruction. This wait is for avoiding it. * Note that on non-preemptive kernel, this is transparently converted * to synchronoze_sched() to wait for all interrupts to have completed. */ synchronize_rcu_tasks(); /* Step 3: Optimize kprobes after quiesence period */ do_optimize_kprobes(); /* Step 4: Free cleaned kprobes after quiesence period */ do_free_cleaned_kprobes(); mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); cpus_read_unlock(); /* Step 5: Kick optimizer again if needed */ if (!list_empty(&optimizing_list) || !list_empty(&unoptimizing_list)) kick_kprobe_optimizer(); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } /* Wait for completing optimization and unoptimization */ void wait_for_kprobe_optimizer(void) { mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); while (!list_empty(&optimizing_list) || !list_empty(&unoptimizing_list)) { mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); /* this will also make optimizing_work execute immmediately */ flush_delayed_work(&optimizing_work); /* @optimizing_work might not have been queued yet, relax */ cpu_relax(); mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); } mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } static bool optprobe_queued_unopt(struct optimized_kprobe *op) { struct optimized_kprobe *_op; list_for_each_entry(_op, &unoptimizing_list, list) { if (op == _op) return true; } return false; } /* Optimize kprobe if p is ready to be optimized */ static void optimize_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* Check if the kprobe is disabled or not ready for optimization. */ if (!kprobe_optready(p) || !kprobes_allow_optimization || (kprobe_disabled(p) || kprobes_all_disarmed)) return; /* kprobes with post_handler can not be optimized */ if (p->post_handler) return; op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); /* Check there is no other kprobes at the optimized instructions */ if (arch_check_optimized_kprobe(op) < 0) return; /* Check if it is already optimized. */ if (op->kp.flags & KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED) { if (optprobe_queued_unopt(op)) { /* This is under unoptimizing. Just dequeue the probe */ list_del_init(&op->list); } return; } op->kp.flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; /* On unoptimizing/optimizing_list, op must have OPTIMIZED flag */ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&op->list))) return; list_add(&op->list, &optimizing_list); kick_kprobe_optimizer(); } /* Short cut to direct unoptimizing */ static void force_unoptimize_kprobe(struct optimized_kprobe *op) { lockdep_assert_cpus_held(); arch_unoptimize_kprobe(op); op->kp.flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; } /* Unoptimize a kprobe if p is optimized */ static void unoptimize_kprobe(struct kprobe *p, bool force) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; if (!kprobe_aggrprobe(p) || kprobe_disarmed(p)) return; /* This is not an optprobe nor optimized */ op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (!kprobe_optimized(p)) return; if (!list_empty(&op->list)) { if (optprobe_queued_unopt(op)) { /* Queued in unoptimizing queue */ if (force) { /* * Forcibly unoptimize the kprobe here, and queue it * in the freeing list for release afterwards. */ force_unoptimize_kprobe(op); list_move(&op->list, &freeing_list); } } else { /* Dequeue from the optimizing queue */ list_del_init(&op->list); op->kp.flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; } return; } /* Optimized kprobe case */ if (force) { /* Forcibly update the code: this is a special case */ force_unoptimize_kprobe(op); } else { list_add(&op->list, &unoptimizing_list); kick_kprobe_optimizer(); } } /* Cancel unoptimizing for reusing */ static int reuse_unused_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* * Unused kprobe MUST be on the way of delayed unoptimizing (means * there is still a relative jump) and disabled. */ op = container_of(ap, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); WARN_ON_ONCE(list_empty(&op->list)); /* Enable the probe again */ ap->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; /* Optimize it again (remove from op->list) */ if (!kprobe_optready(ap)) return -EINVAL; optimize_kprobe(ap); return 0; } /* Remove optimized instructions */ static void kill_optimized_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (!list_empty(&op->list)) /* Dequeue from the (un)optimization queue */ list_del_init(&op->list); op->kp.flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; if (kprobe_unused(p)) { /* Enqueue if it is unused */ list_add(&op->list, &freeing_list); /* * Remove unused probes from the hash list. After waiting * for synchronization, this probe is reclaimed. * (reclaiming is done by do_free_cleaned_kprobes().) */ hlist_del_rcu(&op->kp.hlist); } /* Don't touch the code, because it is already freed. */ arch_remove_optimized_kprobe(op); } static inline void __prepare_optimized_kprobe(struct optimized_kprobe *op, struct kprobe *p) { if (!kprobe_ftrace(p)) arch_prepare_optimized_kprobe(op, p); } /* Try to prepare optimized instructions */ static void prepare_optimized_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); __prepare_optimized_kprobe(op, p); } /* Allocate new optimized_kprobe and try to prepare optimized instructions */ static struct kprobe *alloc_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; op = kzalloc(sizeof(struct optimized_kprobe), GFP_KERNEL); if (!op) return NULL; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&op->list); op->kp.addr = p->addr; __prepare_optimized_kprobe(op, p); return &op->kp; } static void init_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p); /* * Prepare an optimized_kprobe and optimize it * NOTE: p must be a normal registered kprobe */ static void try_to_optimize_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *ap; struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* Impossible to optimize ftrace-based kprobe */ if (kprobe_ftrace(p)) return; /* For preparing optimization, jump_label_text_reserved() is called */ cpus_read_lock(); jump_label_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); ap = alloc_aggr_kprobe(p); if (!ap) goto out; op = container_of(ap, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (!arch_prepared_optinsn(&op->optinsn)) { /* If failed to setup optimizing, fallback to kprobe */ arch_remove_optimized_kprobe(op); kfree(op); goto out; } init_aggr_kprobe(ap, p); optimize_kprobe(ap); /* This just kicks optimizer thread */ out: mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); jump_label_unlock(); cpus_read_unlock(); } static void optimize_all_kprobes(void) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* If optimization is already allowed, just return */ if (kprobes_allow_optimization) goto out; cpus_read_lock(); kprobes_allow_optimization = true; for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) if (!kprobe_disabled(p)) optimize_kprobe(p); } cpus_read_unlock(); printk(KERN_INFO "Kprobes globally optimized\n"); out: mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL static void unoptimize_all_kprobes(void) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* If optimization is already prohibited, just return */ if (!kprobes_allow_optimization) { mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return; } cpus_read_lock(); kprobes_allow_optimization = false; for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (!kprobe_disabled(p)) unoptimize_kprobe(p, false); } } cpus_read_unlock(); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Wait for unoptimizing completion */ wait_for_kprobe_optimizer(); printk(KERN_INFO "Kprobes globally unoptimized\n"); } static DEFINE_MUTEX(kprobe_sysctl_mutex); int sysctl_kprobes_optimization; int proc_kprobes_optimization_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *length, loff_t *ppos) { int ret; mutex_lock(&kprobe_sysctl_mutex); sysctl_kprobes_optimization = kprobes_allow_optimization ? 1 : 0; ret = proc_dointvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, length, ppos); if (sysctl_kprobes_optimization) optimize_all_kprobes(); else unoptimize_all_kprobes(); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_sysctl_mutex); return ret; } #endif /* CONFIG_SYSCTL */ /* Put a breakpoint for a probe. Must be called with text_mutex locked */ static void __arm_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *_p; /* Check collision with other optimized kprobes */ _p = get_optimized_kprobe((unsigned long)p->addr); if (unlikely(_p)) /* Fallback to unoptimized kprobe */ unoptimize_kprobe(_p, true); arch_arm_kprobe(p); optimize_kprobe(p); /* Try to optimize (add kprobe to a list) */ } /* Remove the breakpoint of a probe. Must be called with text_mutex locked */ static void __disarm_kprobe(struct kprobe *p, bool reopt) { struct kprobe *_p; /* Try to unoptimize */ unoptimize_kprobe(p, kprobes_all_disarmed); if (!kprobe_queued(p)) { arch_disarm_kprobe(p); /* If another kprobe was blocked, optimize it. */ _p = get_optimized_kprobe((unsigned long)p->addr); if (unlikely(_p) && reopt) optimize_kprobe(_p); } /* TODO: reoptimize others after unoptimized this probe */ } #else /* !CONFIG_OPTPROBES */ #define optimize_kprobe(p) do {} while (0) #define unoptimize_kprobe(p, f) do {} while (0) #define kill_optimized_kprobe(p) do {} while (0) #define prepare_optimized_kprobe(p) do {} while (0) #define try_to_optimize_kprobe(p) do {} while (0) #define __arm_kprobe(p) arch_arm_kprobe(p) #define __disarm_kprobe(p, o) arch_disarm_kprobe(p) #define kprobe_disarmed(p) kprobe_disabled(p) #define wait_for_kprobe_optimizer() do {} while (0) static int reuse_unused_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap) { /* * If the optimized kprobe is NOT supported, the aggr kprobe is * released at the same time that the last aggregated kprobe is * unregistered. * Thus there should be no chance to reuse unused kprobe. */ printk(KERN_ERR "Error: There should be no unused kprobe here.\n"); return -EINVAL; } static void free_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { arch_remove_kprobe(p); kfree(p); } static struct kprobe *alloc_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { return kzalloc(sizeof(struct kprobe), GFP_KERNEL); } #endif /* CONFIG_OPTPROBES */ #ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE static struct ftrace_ops kprobe_ftrace_ops __read_mostly = { .func = kprobe_ftrace_handler, .flags = FTRACE_OPS_FL_SAVE_REGS, }; static struct ftrace_ops kprobe_ipmodify_ops __read_mostly = { .func = kprobe_ftrace_handler, .flags = FTRACE_OPS_FL_SAVE_REGS | FTRACE_OPS_FL_IPMODIFY, }; static int kprobe_ipmodify_enabled; static int kprobe_ftrace_enabled; /* Must ensure p->addr is really on ftrace */ static int prepare_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { if (!kprobe_ftrace(p)) return arch_prepare_kprobe(p); return arch_prepare_kprobe_ftrace(p); } /* Caller must lock kprobe_mutex */ static int __arm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p, struct ftrace_ops *ops, int *cnt) { int ret = 0; ret = ftrace_set_filter_ip(ops, (unsigned long)p->addr, 0, 0); if (ret) { pr_debug("Failed to arm kprobe-ftrace at %pS (%d)\n", p->addr, ret); return ret; } if (*cnt == 0) { ret = register_ftrace_function(ops); if (ret) { pr_debug("Failed to init kprobe-ftrace (%d)\n", ret); goto err_ftrace; } } (*cnt)++; return ret; err_ftrace: /* * At this point, sinec ops is not registered, we should be sefe from * registering empty filter. */ ftrace_set_filter_ip(ops, (unsigned long)p->addr, 1, 0); return ret; } static int arm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p) { bool ipmodify = (p->post_handler != NULL); return __arm_kprobe_ftrace(p, ipmodify ? &kprobe_ipmodify_ops : &kprobe_ftrace_ops, ipmodify ? &kprobe_ipmodify_enabled : &kprobe_ftrace_enabled); } /* Caller must lock kprobe_mutex */ static int __disarm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p, struct ftrace_ops *ops, int *cnt) { int ret = 0; if (*cnt == 1) { ret = unregister_ftrace_function(ops); if (WARN(ret < 0, "Failed to unregister kprobe-ftrace (%d)\n", ret)) return ret; } (*cnt)--; ret = ftrace_set_filter_ip(ops, (unsigned long)p->addr, 1, 0); WARN_ONCE(ret < 0, "Failed to disarm kprobe-ftrace at %pS (%d)\n", p->addr, ret); return ret; } static int disarm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p) { bool ipmodify = (p->post_handler != NULL); return __disarm_kprobe_ftrace(p, ipmodify ? &kprobe_ipmodify_ops : &kprobe_ftrace_ops, ipmodify ? &kprobe_ipmodify_enabled : &kprobe_ftrace_enabled); } #else /* !CONFIG_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE */ static inline int prepare_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { return arch_prepare_kprobe(p); } static inline int arm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p) { return -ENODEV; } static inline int disarm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p) { return -ENODEV; } #endif /* Arm a kprobe with text_mutex */ static int arm_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp) { if (unlikely(kprobe_ftrace(kp))) return arm_kprobe_ftrace(kp); cpus_read_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); __arm_kprobe(kp); mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); cpus_read_unlock(); return 0; } /* Disarm a kprobe with text_mutex */ static int disarm_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp, bool reopt) { if (unlikely(kprobe_ftrace(kp))) return disarm_kprobe_ftrace(kp); cpus_read_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); __disarm_kprobe(kp, reopt); mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); cpus_read_unlock(); return 0; } /* * Aggregate handlers for multiple kprobes support - these handlers * take care of invoking the individual kprobe handlers on p->list */ static int aggr_pre_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs) { struct kprobe *kp; list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) { if (kp->pre_handler && likely(!kprobe_disabled(kp))) { set_kprobe_instance(kp); if (kp->pre_handler(kp, regs)) return 1; } reset_kprobe_instance(); } return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(aggr_pre_handler); static void aggr_post_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long flags) { struct kprobe *kp; list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) { if (kp->post_handler && likely(!kprobe_disabled(kp))) { set_kprobe_instance(kp); kp->post_handler(kp, regs, flags); reset_kprobe_instance(); } } } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(aggr_post_handler); static int aggr_fault_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs, int trapnr) { struct kprobe *cur = __this_cpu_read(kprobe_instance); /* * if we faulted "during" the execution of a user specified * probe handler, invoke just that probe's fault handler */ if (cur && cur->fault_handler) { if (cur->fault_handler(cur, regs, trapnr)) return 1; } return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(aggr_fault_handler); /* Walks the list and increments nmissed count for multiprobe case */ void kprobes_inc_nmissed_count(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *kp; if (!kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { p->nmissed++; } else { list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) kp->nmissed++; } return; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kprobes_inc_nmissed_count); static void recycle_rp_inst(struct kretprobe_instance *ri) { struct kretprobe *rp = ri->rp; /* remove rp inst off the rprobe_inst_table */ hlist_del(&ri->hlist); INIT_HLIST_NODE(&ri->hlist); if (likely(rp)) { raw_spin_lock(&rp->lock); hlist_add_head(&ri->hlist, &rp->free_instances); raw_spin_unlock(&rp->lock); } else kfree_rcu(ri, rcu); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(recycle_rp_inst); static void kretprobe_hash_lock(struct task_struct *tsk, struct hlist_head **head, unsigned long *flags) __acquires(hlist_lock) { unsigned long hash = hash_ptr(tsk, KPROBE_HASH_BITS); raw_spinlock_t *hlist_lock; *head = &kretprobe_inst_table[hash]; hlist_lock = kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(hash); /* * Nested is a workaround that will soon not be needed. * There's other protections that make sure the same lock * is not taken on the same CPU that lockdep is unaware of. * Differentiate when it is taken in NMI context. */ raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(hlist_lock, *flags, !!in_nmi()); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kretprobe_hash_lock); static void kretprobe_table_lock(unsigned long hash, unsigned long *flags) __acquires(hlist_lock) { raw_spinlock_t *hlist_lock = kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(hash); /* * Nested is a workaround that will soon not be needed. * There's other protections that make sure the same lock * is not taken on the same CPU that lockdep is unaware of. * Differentiate when it is taken in NMI context. */ raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(hlist_lock, *flags, !!in_nmi()); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kretprobe_table_lock); static void kretprobe_hash_unlock(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long *flags) __releases(hlist_lock) { unsigned long hash = hash_ptr(tsk, KPROBE_HASH_BITS); raw_spinlock_t *hlist_lock; hlist_lock = kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(hash); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(hlist_lock, *flags); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kretprobe_hash_unlock); static void kretprobe_table_unlock(unsigned long hash, unsigned long *flags) __releases(hlist_lock) { raw_spinlock_t *hlist_lock = kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(hash); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(hlist_lock, *flags); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kretprobe_table_unlock); static struct kprobe kprobe_busy = { .addr = (void *) get_kprobe, }; void kprobe_busy_begin(void) { struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb; preempt_disable(); __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, &kprobe_busy); kcb = get_kprobe_ctlblk(); kcb->kprobe_status = KPROBE_HIT_ACTIVE; } void kprobe_busy_end(void) { __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, NULL); preempt_enable(); } /* * This function is called from finish_task_switch when task tk becomes dead, * so that we can recycle any function-return probe instances associated * with this task. These left over instances represent probed functions * that have been called but will never return. */ void kprobe_flush_task(struct task_struct *tk) { struct kretprobe_instance *ri; struct hlist_head *head; struct hlist_node *tmp; unsigned long hash, flags = 0; if (unlikely(!kprobes_initialized)) /* Early boot. kretprobe_table_locks not yet initialized. */ return; kprobe_busy_begin(); hash = hash_ptr(tk, KPROBE_HASH_BITS); head = &kretprobe_inst_table[hash]; kretprobe_table_lock(hash, &flags); hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, tmp, head, hlist) { if (ri->task == tk) recycle_rp_inst(ri); } kretprobe_table_unlock(hash, &flags); kprobe_busy_end(); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kprobe_flush_task); static inline void free_rp_inst(struct kretprobe *rp) { struct kretprobe_instance *ri; struct hlist_node *next; hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, next, &rp->free_instances, hlist) { hlist_del(&ri->hlist); kfree(ri); } } static void cleanup_rp_inst(struct kretprobe *rp) { unsigned long flags, hash; struct kretprobe_instance *ri; struct hlist_node *next; struct hlist_head *head; /* To avoid recursive kretprobe by NMI, set kprobe busy here */ kprobe_busy_begin(); for (hash = 0; hash < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; hash++) { kretprobe_table_lock(hash, &flags); head = &kretprobe_inst_table[hash]; hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, next, head, hlist) { if (ri->rp == rp) ri->rp = NULL; } kretprobe_table_unlock(hash, &flags); } kprobe_busy_end(); free_rp_inst(rp); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(cleanup_rp_inst); /* Add the new probe to ap->list */ static int add_new_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p) { if (p->post_handler) unoptimize_kprobe(ap, true); /* Fall back to normal kprobe */ list_add_rcu(&p->list, &ap->list); if (p->post_handler && !ap->post_handler) ap->post_handler = aggr_post_handler; return 0; } /* * Fill in the required fields of the "manager kprobe". Replace the * earlier kprobe in the hlist with the manager kprobe */ static void init_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p) { /* Copy p's insn slot to ap */ copy_kprobe(p, ap); flush_insn_slot(ap); ap->addr = p->addr; ap->flags = p->flags & ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; ap->pre_handler = aggr_pre_handler; ap->fault_handler = aggr_fault_handler; /* We don't care the kprobe which has gone. */ if (p->post_handler && !kprobe_gone(p)) ap->post_handler = aggr_post_handler; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ap->list); INIT_HLIST_NODE(&ap->hlist); list_add_rcu(&p->list, &ap->list); hlist_replace_rcu(&p->hlist, &ap->hlist); } /* * This is the second or subsequent kprobe at the address - handle * the intricacies */ static int register_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *orig_p, struct kprobe *p) { int ret = 0; struct kprobe *ap = orig_p; cpus_read_lock(); /* For preparing optimization, jump_label_text_reserved() is called */ jump_label_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); if (!kprobe_aggrprobe(orig_p)) { /* If orig_p is not an aggr_kprobe, create new aggr_kprobe. */ ap = alloc_aggr_kprobe(orig_p); if (!ap) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } init_aggr_kprobe(ap, orig_p); } else if (kprobe_unused(ap)) { /* This probe is going to die. Rescue it */ ret = reuse_unused_kprobe(ap); if (ret) goto out; } if (kprobe_gone(ap)) { /* * Attempting to insert new probe at the same location that * had a probe in the module vaddr area which already * freed. So, the instruction slot has already been * released. We need a new slot for the new probe. */ ret = arch_prepare_kprobe(ap); if (ret) /* * Even if fail to allocate new slot, don't need to * free aggr_probe. It will be used next time, or * freed by unregister_kprobe. */ goto out; /* Prepare optimized instructions if possible. */ prepare_optimized_kprobe(ap); /* * Clear gone flag to prevent allocating new slot again, and * set disabled flag because it is not armed yet. */ ap->flags = (ap->flags & ~KPROBE_FLAG_GONE) | KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; } /* Copy ap's insn slot to p */ copy_kprobe(ap, p); ret = add_new_kprobe(ap, p); out: mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); jump_label_unlock(); cpus_read_unlock(); if (ret == 0 && kprobe_disabled(ap) && !kprobe_disabled(p)) { ap->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; if (!kprobes_all_disarmed) { /* Arm the breakpoint again. */ ret = arm_kprobe(ap); if (ret) { ap->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; list_del_rcu(&p->list); synchronize_rcu(); } } } return ret; } bool __weak arch_within_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long addr) { /* The __kprobes marked functions and entry code must not be probed */ return addr >= (unsigned long)__kprobes_text_start && addr < (unsigned long)__kprobes_text_end; } static bool __within_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long addr) { struct kprobe_blacklist_entry *ent; if (arch_within_kprobe_blacklist(addr)) return true; /* * If there exists a kprobe_blacklist, verify and * fail any probe registration in the prohibited area */ list_for_each_entry(ent, &kprobe_blacklist, list) { if (addr >= ent->start_addr && addr < ent->end_addr) return true; } return false; } bool within_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long addr) { char symname[KSYM_NAME_LEN], *p; if (__within_kprobe_blacklist(addr)) return true; /* Check if the address is on a suffixed-symbol */ if (!lookup_symbol_name(addr, symname)) { p = strchr(symname, '.'); if (!p) return false; *p = '\0'; addr = (unsigned long)kprobe_lookup_name(symname, 0); if (addr) return __within_kprobe_blacklist(addr); } return false; } /* * If we have a symbol_name argument, look it up and add the offset field * to it. This way, we can specify a relative address to a symbol. * This returns encoded errors if it fails to look up symbol or invalid * combination of parameters. */ static kprobe_opcode_t *_kprobe_addr(kprobe_opcode_t *addr, const char *symbol_name, unsigned int offset) { if ((symbol_name && addr) || (!symbol_name && !addr)) goto invalid; if (symbol_name) { addr = kprobe_lookup_name(symbol_name, offset); if (!addr) return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); } addr = (kprobe_opcode_t *)(((char *)addr) + offset); if (addr) return addr; invalid: return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } static kprobe_opcode_t *kprobe_addr(struct kprobe *p) { return _kprobe_addr(p->addr, p->symbol_name, p->offset); } /* Check passed kprobe is valid and return kprobe in kprobe_table. */ static struct kprobe *__get_valid_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *ap, *list_p; lockdep_assert_held(&kprobe_mutex); ap = get_kprobe(p->addr); if (unlikely(!ap)) return NULL; if (p != ap) { list_for_each_entry(list_p, &ap->list, list) if (list_p == p) /* kprobe p is a valid probe */ goto valid; return NULL; } valid: return ap; } /* Return error if the kprobe is being re-registered */ static inline int check_kprobe_rereg(struct kprobe *p) { int ret = 0; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); if (__get_valid_kprobe(p)) ret = -EINVAL; mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return ret; } int __weak arch_check_ftrace_location(struct kprobe *p) { unsigned long ftrace_addr; ftrace_addr = ftrace_location((unsigned long)p->addr); if (ftrace_addr) { #ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE /* Given address is not on the instruction boundary */ if ((unsigned long)p->addr != ftrace_addr) return -EILSEQ; p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_FTRACE; #else /* !CONFIG_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE */ return -EINVAL; #endif } return 0; } static int check_kprobe_address_safe(struct kprobe *p, struct module **probed_mod) { int ret; ret = arch_check_ftrace_location(p); if (ret) return ret; jump_label_lock(); preempt_disable(); /* Ensure it is not in reserved area nor out of text */ if (!kernel_text_address((unsigned long) p->addr) || within_kprobe_blacklist((unsigned long) p->addr) || jump_label_text_reserved(p->addr, p->addr) || static_call_text_reserved(p->addr, p->addr) || find_bug((unsigned long)p->addr)) { ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } /* Check if are we probing a module */ *probed_mod = __module_text_address((unsigned long) p->addr); if (*probed_mod) { /* * We must hold a refcount of the probed module while updating * its code to prohibit unexpected unloading. */ if (unlikely(!try_module_get(*probed_mod))) { ret = -ENOENT; goto out; } /* * If the module freed .init.text, we couldn't insert * kprobes in there. */ if (within_module_init((unsigned long)p->addr, *probed_mod) && (*probed_mod)->state != MODULE_STATE_COMING) { module_put(*probed_mod); *probed_mod = NULL; ret = -ENOENT; } } out: preempt_enable(); jump_label_unlock(); return ret; } int register_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { int ret; struct kprobe *old_p; struct module *probed_mod; kprobe_opcode_t *addr; /* Adjust probe address from symbol */ addr = kprobe_addr(p); if (IS_ERR(addr)) return PTR_ERR(addr); p->addr = addr; ret = check_kprobe_rereg(p); if (ret) return ret; /* User can pass only KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED to register_kprobe */ p->flags &= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; p->nmissed = 0; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->list); ret = check_kprobe_address_safe(p, &probed_mod); if (ret) return ret; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); old_p = get_kprobe(p->addr); if (old_p) { /* Since this may unoptimize old_p, locking text_mutex. */ ret = register_aggr_kprobe(old_p, p); goto out; } cpus_read_lock(); /* Prevent text modification */ mutex_lock(&text_mutex); ret = prepare_kprobe(p); mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); cpus_read_unlock(); if (ret) goto out; INIT_HLIST_NODE(&p->hlist); hlist_add_head_rcu(&p->hlist, &kprobe_table[hash_ptr(p->addr, KPROBE_HASH_BITS)]); if (!kprobes_all_disarmed && !kprobe_disabled(p)) { ret = arm_kprobe(p); if (ret) { hlist_del_rcu(&p->hlist); synchronize_rcu(); goto out; } } /* Try to optimize kprobe */ try_to_optimize_kprobe(p); out: mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); if (probed_mod) module_put(probed_mod); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kprobe); /* Check if all probes on the aggrprobe are disabled */ static int aggr_kprobe_disabled(struct kprobe *ap) { struct kprobe *kp; lockdep_assert_held(&kprobe_mutex); list_for_each_entry(kp, &ap->list, list) if (!kprobe_disabled(kp)) /* * There is an active probe on the list. * We can't disable this ap. */ return 0; return 1; } /* Disable one kprobe: Make sure called under kprobe_mutex is locked */ static struct kprobe *__disable_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *orig_p; int ret; /* Get an original kprobe for return */ orig_p = __get_valid_kprobe(p); if (unlikely(orig_p == NULL)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); if (!kprobe_disabled(p)) { /* Disable probe if it is a child probe */ if (p != orig_p) p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; /* Try to disarm and disable this/parent probe */ if (p == orig_p || aggr_kprobe_disabled(orig_p)) { /* * If kprobes_all_disarmed is set, orig_p * should have already been disarmed, so * skip unneed disarming process. */ if (!kprobes_all_disarmed) { ret = disarm_kprobe(orig_p, true); if (ret) { p->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; return ERR_PTR(ret); } } orig_p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; } } return orig_p; } /* * Unregister a kprobe without a scheduler synchronization. */ static int __unregister_kprobe_top(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *ap, *list_p; /* Disable kprobe. This will disarm it if needed. */ ap = __disable_kprobe(p); if (IS_ERR(ap)) return PTR_ERR(ap); if (ap == p) /* * This probe is an independent(and non-optimized) kprobe * (not an aggrprobe). Remove from the hash list. */ goto disarmed; /* Following process expects this probe is an aggrprobe */ WARN_ON(!kprobe_aggrprobe(ap)); if (list_is_singular(&ap->list) && kprobe_disarmed(ap)) /* * !disarmed could be happen if the probe is under delayed * unoptimizing. */ goto disarmed; else { /* If disabling probe has special handlers, update aggrprobe */ if (p->post_handler && !kprobe_gone(p)) { list_for_each_entry(list_p, &ap->list, list) { if ((list_p != p) && (list_p->post_handler)) goto noclean; } ap->post_handler = NULL; } noclean: /* * Remove from the aggrprobe: this path will do nothing in * __unregister_kprobe_bottom(). */ list_del_rcu(&p->list); if (!kprobe_disabled(ap) && !kprobes_all_disarmed) /* * Try to optimize this probe again, because post * handler may have been changed. */ optimize_kprobe(ap); } return 0; disarmed: hlist_del_rcu(&ap->hlist); return 0; } static void __unregister_kprobe_bottom(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *ap; if (list_empty(&p->list)) /* This is an independent kprobe */ arch_remove_kprobe(p); else if (list_is_singular(&p->list)) { /* This is the last child of an aggrprobe */ ap = list_entry(p->list.next, struct kprobe, list); list_del(&p->list); free_aggr_kprobe(ap); } /* Otherwise, do nothing. */ } int register_kprobes(struct kprobe **kps, int num) { int i, ret = 0; if (num <= 0) return -EINVAL; for (i = 0; i < num; i++) { ret = register_kprobe(kps[i]); if (ret < 0) { if (i > 0) unregister_kprobes(kps, i); break; } } return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kprobes); void unregister_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { unregister_kprobes(&p, 1); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kprobe); void unregister_kprobes(struct kprobe **kps, int num) { int i; if (num <= 0) return; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) if (__unregister_kprobe_top(kps[i]) < 0) kps[i]->addr = NULL; mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); synchronize_rcu(); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) if (kps[i]->addr) __unregister_kprobe_bottom(kps[i]); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kprobes); int __weak kprobe_exceptions_notify(struct notifier_block *self, unsigned long val, void *data) { return NOTIFY_DONE; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kprobe_exceptions_notify); static struct notifier_block kprobe_exceptions_nb = { .notifier_call = kprobe_exceptions_notify, .priority = 0x7fffffff /* we need to be notified first */ }; unsigned long __weak arch_deref_entry_point(void *entry) { return (unsigned long)entry; } #ifdef CONFIG_KRETPROBES unsigned long __kretprobe_trampoline_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, void *trampoline_address, void *frame_pointer) { struct kretprobe_instance *ri = NULL, *last = NULL; struct hlist_head *head; struct hlist_node *tmp; unsigned long flags; kprobe_opcode_t *correct_ret_addr = NULL; bool skipped = false; kretprobe_hash_lock(current, &head, &flags); /* * It is possible to have multiple instances associated with a given * task either because multiple functions in the call path have * return probes installed on them, and/or more than one * return probe was registered for a target function. * * We can handle this because: * - instances are always pushed into the head of the list * - when multiple return probes are registered for the same * function, the (chronologically) first instance's ret_addr * will be the real return address, and all the rest will * point to kretprobe_trampoline. */ hlist_for_each_entry(ri, head, hlist) { if (ri->task != current) /* another task is sharing our hash bucket */ continue; /* * Return probes must be pushed on this hash list correct * order (same as return order) so that it can be popped * correctly. However, if we find it is pushed it incorrect * order, this means we find a function which should not be * probed, because the wrong order entry is pushed on the * path of processing other kretprobe itself. */ if (ri->fp != frame_pointer) { if (!skipped) pr_warn("kretprobe is stacked incorrectly. Trying to fixup.\n"); skipped = true; continue; } correct_ret_addr = ri->ret_addr; if (skipped) pr_warn("%ps must be blacklisted because of incorrect kretprobe order\n", ri->rp->kp.addr); if (correct_ret_addr != trampoline_address) /* * This is the real return address. Any other * instances associated with this task are for * other calls deeper on the call stack */ break; } BUG_ON(!correct_ret_addr || (correct_ret_addr == trampoline_address)); last = ri; hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, tmp, head, hlist) { if (ri->task != current) /* another task is sharing our hash bucket */ continue; if (ri->fp != frame_pointer) continue; if (ri->rp && ri->rp->handler) { struct kprobe *prev = kprobe_running(); __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, &ri->rp->kp); ri->ret_addr = correct_ret_addr; ri->rp->handler(ri, regs); __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, prev); } recycle_rp_inst(ri); if (ri == last) break; } kretprobe_hash_unlock(current, &flags); return (unsigned long)correct_ret_addr; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(__kretprobe_trampoline_handler) /* * This kprobe pre_handler is registered with every kretprobe. When probe * hits it will set up the return probe. */ static int pre_handler_kretprobe(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs) { struct kretprobe *rp = container_of(p, struct kretprobe, kp); unsigned long hash, flags = 0; struct kretprobe_instance *ri; /* TODO: consider to only swap the RA after the last pre_handler fired */ hash = hash_ptr(current, KPROBE_HASH_BITS); /* * Nested is a workaround that will soon not be needed. * There's other protections that make sure the same lock * is not taken on the same CPU that lockdep is unaware of. */ raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(&rp->lock, flags, 1); if (!hlist_empty(&rp->free_instances)) { ri = hlist_entry(rp->free_instances.first, struct kretprobe_instance, hlist); hlist_del(&ri->hlist); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rp->lock, flags); ri->rp = rp; ri->task = current; if (rp->entry_handler && rp->entry_handler(ri, regs)) { raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(&rp->lock, flags, 1); hlist_add_head(&ri->hlist, &rp->free_instances); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rp->lock, flags); return 0; } arch_prepare_kretprobe(ri, regs); /* XXX(hch): why is there no hlist_move_head? */ INIT_HLIST_NODE(&ri->hlist); kretprobe_table_lock(hash, &flags); hlist_add_head(&ri->hlist, &kretprobe_inst_table[hash]); kretprobe_table_unlock(hash, &flags); } else { rp->nmissed++; raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rp->lock, flags); } return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(pre_handler_kretprobe); bool __weak arch_kprobe_on_func_entry(unsigned long offset) { return !offset; } /** * kprobe_on_func_entry() -- check whether given address is function entry * @addr: Target address * @sym: Target symbol name * @offset: The offset from the symbol or the address * * This checks whether the given @addr+@offset or @sym+@offset is on the * function entry address or not. * This returns 0 if it is the function entry, or -EINVAL if it is not. * And also it returns -ENOENT if it fails the symbol or address lookup. * Caller must pass @addr or @sym (either one must be NULL), or this * returns -EINVAL. */ int kprobe_on_func_entry(kprobe_opcode_t *addr, const char *sym, unsigned long offset) { kprobe_opcode_t *kp_addr = _kprobe_addr(addr, sym, offset); if (IS_ERR(kp_addr)) return PTR_ERR(kp_addr); if (!kallsyms_lookup_size_offset((unsigned long)kp_addr, NULL, &offset)) return -ENOENT; if (!arch_kprobe_on_func_entry(offset)) return -EINVAL; return 0; } int register_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp) { int ret; struct kretprobe_instance *inst; int i; void *addr; ret = kprobe_on_func_entry(rp->kp.addr, rp->kp.symbol_name, rp->kp.offset); if (ret) return ret; /* If only rp->kp.addr is specified, check reregistering kprobes */ if (rp->kp.addr && check_kprobe_rereg(&rp->kp)) return -EINVAL; if (kretprobe_blacklist_size) { addr = kprobe_addr(&rp->kp); if (IS_ERR(addr)) return PTR_ERR(addr); for (i = 0; kretprobe_blacklist[i].name != NULL; i++) { if (kretprobe_blacklist[i].addr == addr) return -EINVAL; } } if (rp->data_size > KRETPROBE_MAX_DATA_SIZE) return -E2BIG; rp->kp.pre_handler = pre_handler_kretprobe; rp->kp.post_handler = NULL; rp->kp.fault_handler = NULL; /* Pre-allocate memory for max kretprobe instances */ if (rp->maxactive <= 0) { #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPTION rp->maxactive = max_t(unsigned int, 10, 2*num_possible_cpus()); #else rp->maxactive = num_possible_cpus(); #endif } raw_spin_lock_init(&rp->lock); INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&rp->free_instances); for (i = 0; i < rp->maxactive; i++) { inst = kmalloc(sizeof(struct kretprobe_instance) + rp->data_size, GFP_KERNEL); if (inst == NULL) { free_rp_inst(rp); return -ENOMEM; } INIT_HLIST_NODE(&inst->hlist); hlist_add_head(&inst->hlist, &rp->free_instances); } rp->nmissed = 0; /* Establish function entry probe point */ ret = register_kprobe(&rp->kp); if (ret != 0) free_rp_inst(rp); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kretprobe); int register_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num) { int ret = 0, i; if (num <= 0) return -EINVAL; for (i = 0; i < num; i++) { ret = register_kretprobe(rps[i]); if (ret < 0) { if (i > 0) unregister_kretprobes(rps, i); break; } } return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kretprobes); void unregister_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp) { unregister_kretprobes(&rp, 1); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kretprobe); void unregister_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num) { int i; if (num <= 0) return; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) if (__unregister_kprobe_top(&rps[i]->kp) < 0) rps[i]->kp.addr = NULL; mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); synchronize_rcu(); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) { if (rps[i]->kp.addr) { __unregister_kprobe_bottom(&rps[i]->kp); cleanup_rp_inst(rps[i]); } } } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kretprobes); #else /* CONFIG_KRETPROBES */ int register_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp) { return -ENOSYS; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kretprobe); int register_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num) { return -ENOSYS; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kretprobes); void unregister_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp) { } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kretprobe); void unregister_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num) { } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kretprobes); static int pre_handler_kretprobe(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs) { return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(pre_handler_kretprobe); #endif /* CONFIG_KRETPROBES */ /* Set the kprobe gone and remove its instruction buffer. */ static void kill_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *kp; lockdep_assert_held(&kprobe_mutex); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(kprobe_gone(p))) return; p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_GONE; if (kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { /* * If this is an aggr_kprobe, we have to list all the * chained probes and mark them GONE. */ list_for_each_entry(kp, &p->list, list) kp->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_GONE; p->post_handler = NULL; kill_optimized_kprobe(p); } /* * Here, we can remove insn_slot safely, because no thread calls * the original probed function (which will be freed soon) any more. */ arch_remove_kprobe(p); /* * The module is going away. We should disarm the kprobe which * is using ftrace, because ftrace framework is still available at * MODULE_STATE_GOING notification. */ if (kprobe_ftrace(p) && !kprobe_disabled(p) && !kprobes_all_disarmed) disarm_kprobe_ftrace(p); } /* Disable one kprobe */ int disable_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp) { int ret = 0; struct kprobe *p; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Disable this kprobe */ p = __disable_kprobe(kp); if (IS_ERR(p)) ret = PTR_ERR(p); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(disable_kprobe); /* Enable one kprobe */ int enable_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp) { int ret = 0; struct kprobe *p; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Check whether specified probe is valid. */ p = __get_valid_kprobe(kp); if (unlikely(p == NULL)) { ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } if (kprobe_gone(kp)) { /* This kprobe has gone, we couldn't enable it. */ ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } if (p != kp) kp->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; if (!kprobes_all_disarmed && kprobe_disabled(p)) { p->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; ret = arm_kprobe(p); if (ret) p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; } out: mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(enable_kprobe); /* Caller must NOT call this in usual path. This is only for critical case */ void dump_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp) { pr_err("Dumping kprobe:\n"); pr_err("Name: %s\nOffset: %x\nAddress: %pS\n", kp->symbol_name, kp->offset, kp->addr); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(dump_kprobe); int kprobe_add_ksym_blacklist(unsigned long entry) { struct kprobe_blacklist_entry *ent; unsigned long offset = 0, size = 0; if (!kernel_text_address(entry) || !kallsyms_lookup_size_offset(entry, &size, &offset)) return -EINVAL; ent = kmalloc(sizeof(*ent), GFP_KERNEL); if (!ent) return -ENOMEM; ent->start_addr = entry; ent->end_addr = entry + size; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ent->list); list_add_tail(&ent->list, &kprobe_blacklist); return (int)size; } /* Add all symbols in given area into kprobe blacklist */ int kprobe_add_area_blacklist(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { unsigned long entry; int ret = 0; for (entry = start; entry < end; entry += ret) { ret = kprobe_add_ksym_blacklist(entry); if (ret < 0) return ret; if (ret == 0) /* In case of alias symbol */ ret = 1; } return 0; } /* Remove all symbols in given area from kprobe blacklist */ static void kprobe_remove_area_blacklist(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { struct kprobe_blacklist_entry *ent, *n; list_for_each_entry_safe(ent, n, &kprobe_blacklist, list) { if (ent->start_addr < start || ent->start_addr >= end) continue; list_del(&ent->list); kfree(ent); } } static void kprobe_remove_ksym_blacklist(unsigned long entry) { kprobe_remove_area_blacklist(entry, entry + 1); } int __weak arch_kprobe_get_kallsym(unsigned int *symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *sym) { return -ERANGE; } int kprobe_get_kallsym(unsigned int symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *sym) { #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_KPROBES_INSN_SLOT if (!kprobe_cache_get_kallsym(&kprobe_insn_slots, &symnum, value, type, sym)) return 0; #ifdef CONFIG_OPTPROBES if (!kprobe_cache_get_kallsym(&kprobe_optinsn_slots, &symnum, value, type, sym)) return 0; #endif #endif if (!arch_kprobe_get_kallsym(&symnum, value, type, sym)) return 0; return -ERANGE; } int __init __weak arch_populate_kprobe_blacklist(void) { return 0; } /* * Lookup and populate the kprobe_blacklist. * * Unlike the kretprobe blacklist, we'll need to determine * the range of addresses that belong to the said functions, * since a kprobe need not necessarily be at the beginning * of a function. */ static int __init populate_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long *start, unsigned long *end) { unsigned long entry; unsigned long *iter; int ret; for (iter = start; iter < end; iter++) { entry = arch_deref_entry_point((void *)*iter); ret = kprobe_add_ksym_blacklist(entry); if (ret == -EINVAL) continue; if (ret < 0) return ret; } /* Symbols in __kprobes_text are blacklisted */ ret = kprobe_add_area_blacklist((unsigned long)__kprobes_text_start, (unsigned long)__kprobes_text_end); if (ret) return ret; /* Symbols in noinstr section are blacklisted */ ret = kprobe_add_area_blacklist((unsigned long)__noinstr_text_start, (unsigned long)__noinstr_text_end); return ret ? : arch_populate_kprobe_blacklist(); } static void add_module_kprobe_blacklist(struct module *mod) { unsigned long start, end; int i; if (mod->kprobe_blacklist) { for (i = 0; i < mod->num_kprobe_blacklist; i++) kprobe_add_ksym_blacklist(mod->kprobe_blacklist[i]); } start = (unsigned long)mod->kprobes_text_start; if (start) { end = start + mod->kprobes_text_size; kprobe_add_area_blacklist(start, end); } start = (unsigned long)mod->noinstr_text_start; if (start) { end = start + mod->noinstr_text_size; kprobe_add_area_blacklist(start, end); } } static void remove_module_kprobe_blacklist(struct module *mod) { unsigned long start, end; int i; if (mod->kprobe_blacklist) { for (i = 0; i < mod->num_kprobe_blacklist; i++) kprobe_remove_ksym_blacklist(mod->kprobe_blacklist[i]); } start = (unsigned long)mod->kprobes_text_start; if (start) { end = start + mod->kprobes_text_size; kprobe_remove_area_blacklist(start, end); } start = (unsigned long)mod->noinstr_text_start; if (start) { end = start + mod->noinstr_text_size; kprobe_remove_area_blacklist(start, end); } } /* Module notifier call back, checking kprobes on the module */ static int kprobes_module_callback(struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned long val, void *data) { struct module *mod = data; struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i; int checkcore = (val == MODULE_STATE_GOING); if (val == MODULE_STATE_COMING) { mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); add_module_kprobe_blacklist(mod); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } if (val != MODULE_STATE_GOING && val != MODULE_STATE_LIVE) return NOTIFY_DONE; /* * When MODULE_STATE_GOING was notified, both of module .text and * .init.text sections would be freed. When MODULE_STATE_LIVE was * notified, only .init.text section would be freed. We need to * disable kprobes which have been inserted in the sections. */ mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (kprobe_gone(p)) continue; if (within_module_init((unsigned long)p->addr, mod) || (checkcore && within_module_core((unsigned long)p->addr, mod))) { /* * The vaddr this probe is installed will soon * be vfreed buy not synced to disk. Hence, * disarming the breakpoint isn't needed. * * Note, this will also move any optimized probes * that are pending to be removed from their * corresponding lists to the freeing_list and * will not be touched by the delayed * kprobe_optimizer work handler. */ kill_kprobe(p); } } } if (val == MODULE_STATE_GOING) remove_module_kprobe_blacklist(mod); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return NOTIFY_DONE; } static struct notifier_block kprobe_module_nb = { .notifier_call = kprobes_module_callback, .priority = 0 }; /* Markers of _kprobe_blacklist section */ extern unsigned long __start_kprobe_blacklist[]; extern unsigned long __stop_kprobe_blacklist[]; void kprobe_free_init_mem(void) { void *start = (void *)(&__init_begin); void *end = (void *)(&__init_end); struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; int i; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Kill all kprobes on initmem */ for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (start <= (void *)p->addr && (void *)p->addr < end) kill_kprobe(p); } } mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } static int __init init_kprobes(void) { int i, err = 0; /* FIXME allocate the probe table, currently defined statically */ /* initialize all list heads */ for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&kprobe_table[i]); INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&kretprobe_inst_table[i]); raw_spin_lock_init(&(kretprobe_table_locks[i].lock)); } err = populate_kprobe_blacklist(__start_kprobe_blacklist, __stop_kprobe_blacklist); if (err) { pr_err("kprobes: failed to populate blacklist: %d\n", err); pr_err("Please take care of using kprobes.\n"); } if (kretprobe_blacklist_size) { /* lookup the function address from its name */ for (i = 0; kretprobe_blacklist[i].name != NULL; i++) { kretprobe_blacklist[i].addr = kprobe_lookup_name(kretprobe_blacklist[i].name, 0); if (!kretprobe_blacklist[i].addr) printk("kretprobe: lookup failed: %s\n", kretprobe_blacklist[i].name); } } /* By default, kprobes are armed */ kprobes_all_disarmed = false; #if defined(CONFIG_OPTPROBES) && defined(__ARCH_WANT_KPROBES_INSN_SLOT) /* Init kprobe_optinsn_slots for allocation */ kprobe_optinsn_slots.insn_size = MAX_OPTINSN_SIZE; #endif err = arch_init_kprobes(); if (!err) err = register_die_notifier(&kprobe_exceptions_nb); if (!err) err = register_module_notifier(&kprobe_module_nb); kprobes_initialized = (err == 0); if (!err) init_test_probes(); return err; } early_initcall(init_kprobes); #if defined(CONFIG_OPTPROBES) static int __init init_optprobes(void) { /* * Enable kprobe optimization - this kicks the optimizer which * depends on synchronize_rcu_tasks() and ksoftirqd, that is * not spawned in early initcall. So delay the optimization. */ optimize_all_kprobes(); return 0; } subsys_initcall(init_optprobes); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS static void report_probe(struct seq_file *pi, struct kprobe *p, const char *sym, int offset, char *modname, struct kprobe *pp) { char *kprobe_type; void *addr = p->addr; if (p->pre_handler == pre_handler_kretprobe) kprobe_type = "r"; else kprobe_type = "k"; if (!kallsyms_show_value(pi->file->f_cred)) addr = NULL; if (sym) seq_printf(pi, "%px %s %s+0x%x %s ", addr, kprobe_type, sym, offset, (modname ? modname : " ")); else /* try to use %pS */ seq_printf(pi, "%px %s %pS ", addr, kprobe_type, p->addr); if (!pp) pp = p; seq_printf(pi, "%s%s%s%s\n", (kprobe_gone(p) ? "[GONE]" : ""), ((kprobe_disabled(p) && !kprobe_gone(p)) ? "[DISABLED]" : ""), (kprobe_optimized(pp) ? "[OPTIMIZED]" : ""), (kprobe_ftrace(pp) ? "[FTRACE]" : "")); } static void *kprobe_seq_start(struct seq_file *f, loff_t *pos) { return (*pos < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE) ? pos : NULL; } static void *kprobe_seq_next(struct seq_file *f, void *v, loff_t *pos) { (*pos)++; if (*pos >= KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE) return NULL; return pos; } static void kprobe_seq_stop(struct seq_file *f, void *v) { /* Nothing to do */ } static int show_kprobe_addr(struct seq_file *pi, void *v) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p, *kp; const char *sym = NULL; unsigned int i = *(loff_t *) v; unsigned long offset = 0; char *modname, namebuf[KSYM_NAME_LEN]; head = &kprobe_table[i]; preempt_disable(); hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(p, head, hlist) { sym = kallsyms_lookup((unsigned long)p->addr, NULL, &offset, &modname, namebuf); if (kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) report_probe(pi, kp, sym, offset, modname, p); } else report_probe(pi, p, sym, offset, modname, NULL); } preempt_enable(); return 0; } static const struct seq_operations kprobes_sops = { .start = kprobe_seq_start, .next = kprobe_seq_next, .stop = kprobe_seq_stop, .show = show_kprobe_addr }; DEFINE_SEQ_ATTRIBUTE(kprobes); /* kprobes/blacklist -- shows which functions can not be probed */ static void *kprobe_blacklist_seq_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos) { mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); return seq_list_start(&kprobe_blacklist, *pos); } static void *kprobe_blacklist_seq_next(struct seq_file *m, void *v, loff_t *pos) { return seq_list_next(v, &kprobe_blacklist, pos); } static int kprobe_blacklist_seq_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { struct kprobe_blacklist_entry *ent = list_entry(v, struct kprobe_blacklist_entry, list); /* * If /proc/kallsyms is not showing kernel address, we won't * show them here either. */ if (!kallsyms_show_value(m->file->f_cred)) seq_printf(m, "0x%px-0x%px\t%ps\n", NULL, NULL, (void *)ent->start_addr); else seq_printf(m, "0x%px-0x%px\t%ps\n", (void *)ent->start_addr, (void *)ent->end_addr, (void *)ent->start_addr); return 0; } static void kprobe_blacklist_seq_stop(struct seq_file *f, void *v) { mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } static const struct seq_operations kprobe_blacklist_sops = { .start = kprobe_blacklist_seq_start, .next = kprobe_blacklist_seq_next, .stop = kprobe_blacklist_seq_stop, .show = kprobe_blacklist_seq_show, }; DEFINE_SEQ_ATTRIBUTE(kprobe_blacklist); static int arm_all_kprobes(void) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i, total = 0, errors = 0; int err, ret = 0; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* If kprobes are armed, just return */ if (!kprobes_all_disarmed) goto already_enabled; /* * optimize_kprobe() called by arm_kprobe() checks * kprobes_all_disarmed, so set kprobes_all_disarmed before * arm_kprobe. */ kprobes_all_disarmed = false; /* Arming kprobes doesn't optimize kprobe itself */ for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; /* Arm all kprobes on a best-effort basis */ hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (!kprobe_disabled(p)) { err = arm_kprobe(p); if (err) { errors++; ret = err; } total++; } } } if (errors) pr_warn("Kprobes globally enabled, but failed to arm %d out of %d probes\n", errors, total); else pr_info("Kprobes globally enabled\n"); already_enabled: mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return ret; } static int disarm_all_kprobes(void) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i, total = 0, errors = 0; int err, ret = 0; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* If kprobes are already disarmed, just return */ if (kprobes_all_disarmed) { mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return 0; } kprobes_all_disarmed = true; for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; /* Disarm all kprobes on a best-effort basis */ hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (!arch_trampoline_kprobe(p) && !kprobe_disabled(p)) { err = disarm_kprobe(p, false); if (err) { errors++; ret = err; } total++; } } } if (errors) pr_warn("Kprobes globally disabled, but failed to disarm %d out of %d probes\n", errors, total); else pr_info("Kprobes globally disabled\n"); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Wait for disarming all kprobes by optimizer */ wait_for_kprobe_optimizer(); return ret; } /* * XXX: The debugfs bool file interface doesn't allow for callbacks * when the bool state is switched. We can reuse that facility when * available */ static ssize_t read_enabled_file_bool(struct file *file, char __user *user_buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { char buf[3]; if (!kprobes_all_disarmed) buf[0] = '1'; else buf[0] = '0'; buf[1] = '\n'; buf[2] = 0x00; return simple_read_from_buffer(user_buf, count, ppos, buf, 2); } static ssize_t write_enabled_file_bool(struct file *file, const char __user *user_buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { char buf[32]; size_t buf_size; int ret = 0; buf_size = min(count, (sizeof(buf)-1)); if (copy_from_user(buf, user_buf, buf_size)) return -EFAULT; buf[buf_size] = '\0'; switch (buf[0]) { case 'y': case 'Y': case '1': ret = arm_all_kprobes(); break; case 'n': case 'N': case '0': ret = disarm_all_kprobes(); break; default: return -EINVAL; } if (ret) return ret; return count; } static const struct file_operations fops_kp = { .read = read_enabled_file_bool, .write = write_enabled_file_bool, .llseek = default_llseek, }; static int __init debugfs_kprobe_init(void) { struct dentry *dir; dir = debugfs_create_dir("kprobes", NULL); debugfs_create_file("list", 0400, dir, NULL, &kprobes_fops); debugfs_create_file("enabled", 0600, dir, NULL, &fops_kp); debugfs_create_file("blacklist", 0400, dir, NULL, &kprobe_blacklist_fops); return 0; } late_initcall(debugfs_kprobe_init); #endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_FS */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_COMPAT_H #define _LINUX_COMPAT_H /* * These are the type definitions for the architecture specific * syscall compatibility layer. */ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/stat.h> #include <linux/param.h> /* for HZ */ #include <linux/sem.h> #include <linux/socket.h> #include <linux/if.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/aio_abi.h> /* for aio_context_t */ #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/unistd.h> #include <asm/compat.h> #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT #include <asm/siginfo.h> #include <asm/signal.h> #endif #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYSCALL_WRAPPER /* * It may be useful for an architecture to override the definitions of the * COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE0 and COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINEx() macros, in particular * to use a different calling convention for syscalls. To allow for that, + the prototypes for the compat_sys_*() functions below will *not* be included * if CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYSCALL_WRAPPER is enabled. */ #include <asm/syscall_wrapper.h> #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYSCALL_WRAPPER */ #ifndef COMPAT_USE_64BIT_TIME #define COMPAT_USE_64BIT_TIME 0 #endif #ifndef __SC_DELOUSE #define __SC_DELOUSE(t,v) ((__force t)(unsigned long)(v)) #endif #ifndef COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE0 #define COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE0(name) \ asmlinkage long compat_sys_##name(void); \ ALLOW_ERROR_INJECTION(compat_sys_##name, ERRNO); \ asmlinkage long compat_sys_##name(void) #endif /* COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE0 */ #define COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE1(name, ...) \ COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINEx(1, _##name, __VA_ARGS__) #define COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE2(name, ...) \ COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINEx(2, _##name, __VA_ARGS__) #define COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE3(name, ...) \ COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINEx(3, _##name, __VA_ARGS__) #define COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE4(name, ...) \ COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINEx(4, _##name, __VA_ARGS__) #define COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE5(name, ...) \ COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINEx(5, _##name, __VA_ARGS__) #define COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE6(name, ...) \ COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINEx(6, _##name, __VA_ARGS__) /* * The asmlinkage stub is aliased to a function named __se_compat_sys_*() which * sign-extends 32-bit ints to longs whenever needed. The actual work is * done within __do_compat_sys_*(). */ #ifndef COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINEx #define COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINEx(x, name, ...) \ __diag_push(); \ __diag_ignore(GCC, 8, "-Wattribute-alias", \ "Type aliasing is used to sanitize syscall arguments");\ asmlinkage long compat_sys##name(__MAP(x,__SC_DECL,__VA_ARGS__)); \ asmlinkage long compat_sys##name(__MAP(x,__SC_DECL,__VA_ARGS__)) \ __attribute__((alias(__stringify(__se_compat_sys##name)))); \ ALLOW_ERROR_INJECTION(compat_sys##name, ERRNO); \ static inline long __do_compat_sys##name(__MAP(x,__SC_DECL,__VA_ARGS__));\ asmlinkage long __se_compat_sys##name(__MAP(x,__SC_LONG,__VA_ARGS__)); \ asmlinkage long __se_compat_sys##name(__MAP(x,__SC_LONG,__VA_ARGS__)) \ { \ long ret = __do_compat_sys##name(__MAP(x,__SC_DELOUSE,__VA_ARGS__));\ __MAP(x,__SC_TEST,__VA_ARGS__); \ return ret; \ } \ __diag_pop(); \ static inline long __do_compat_sys##name(__MAP(x,__SC_DECL,__VA_ARGS__)) #endif /* COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINEx */ struct compat_iovec { compat_uptr_t iov_base; compat_size_t iov_len; }; #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT #ifndef compat_user_stack_pointer #define compat_user_stack_pointer() current_user_stack_pointer() #endif #ifndef compat_sigaltstack /* we'll need that for MIPS */ typedef struct compat_sigaltstack { compat_uptr_t ss_sp; int ss_flags; compat_size_t ss_size; } compat_stack_t; #endif #ifndef COMPAT_MINSIGSTKSZ #define COMPAT_MINSIGSTKSZ MINSIGSTKSZ #endif #define compat_jiffies_to_clock_t(x) \ (((unsigned long)(x) * COMPAT_USER_HZ) / HZ) typedef __compat_uid32_t compat_uid_t; typedef __compat_gid32_t compat_gid_t; struct compat_sel_arg_struct; struct rusage; struct old_itimerval32; struct compat_tms { compat_clock_t tms_utime; compat_clock_t tms_stime; compat_clock_t tms_cutime; compat_clock_t tms_cstime; }; #define _COMPAT_NSIG_WORDS (_COMPAT_NSIG / _COMPAT_NSIG_BPW) typedef struct { compat_sigset_word sig[_COMPAT_NSIG_WORDS]; } compat_sigset_t; int set_compat_user_sigmask(const compat_sigset_t __user *umask, size_t sigsetsize); struct compat_sigaction { #ifndef __ARCH_HAS_IRIX_SIGACTION compat_uptr_t sa_handler; compat_ulong_t sa_flags; #else compat_uint_t sa_flags; compat_uptr_t sa_handler; #endif #ifdef __ARCH_HAS_SA_RESTORER compat_uptr_t sa_restorer; #endif compat_sigset_t sa_mask __packed; }; typedef union compat_sigval { compat_int_t sival_int; compat_uptr_t sival_ptr; } compat_sigval_t; typedef struct compat_siginfo { int si_signo; #ifndef __ARCH_HAS_SWAPPED_SIGINFO int si_errno; int si_code; #else int si_code; int si_errno; #endif union { int _pad[128/sizeof(int) - 3]; /* kill() */ struct { compat_pid_t _pid; /* sender's pid */ __compat_uid32_t _uid; /* sender's uid */ } _kill; /* POSIX.1b timers */ struct { compat_timer_t _tid; /* timer id */ int _overrun; /* overrun count */ compat_sigval_t _sigval; /* same as below */ } _timer; /* POSIX.1b signals */ struct { compat_pid_t _pid; /* sender's pid */ __compat_uid32_t _uid; /* sender's uid */ compat_sigval_t _sigval; } _rt; /* SIGCHLD */ struct { compat_pid_t _pid; /* which child */ __compat_uid32_t _uid; /* sender's uid */ int _status; /* exit code */ compat_clock_t _utime; compat_clock_t _stime; } _sigchld; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_X32_ABI /* SIGCHLD (x32 version) */ struct { compat_pid_t _pid; /* which child */ __compat_uid32_t _uid; /* sender's uid */ int _status; /* exit code */ compat_s64 _utime; compat_s64 _stime; } _sigchld_x32; #endif /* SIGILL, SIGFPE, SIGSEGV, SIGBUS, SIGTRAP, SIGEMT */ struct { compat_uptr_t _addr; /* faulting insn/memory ref. */ #ifdef __ARCH_SI_TRAPNO int _trapno; /* TRAP # which caused the signal */ #endif #define __COMPAT_ADDR_BND_PKEY_PAD (__alignof__(compat_uptr_t) < sizeof(short) ? \ sizeof(short) : __alignof__(compat_uptr_t)) union { /* * used when si_code=BUS_MCEERR_AR or * used when si_code=BUS_MCEERR_AO */ short int _addr_lsb; /* Valid LSB of the reported address. */ /* used when si_code=SEGV_BNDERR */ struct { char _dummy_bnd[__COMPAT_ADDR_BND_PKEY_PAD]; compat_uptr_t _lower; compat_uptr_t _upper; } _addr_bnd; /* used when si_code=SEGV_PKUERR */ struct { char _dummy_pkey[__COMPAT_ADDR_BND_PKEY_PAD]; u32 _pkey; } _addr_pkey; }; } _sigfault; /* SIGPOLL */ struct { compat_long_t _band; /* POLL_IN, POLL_OUT, POLL_MSG */ int _fd; } _sigpoll; struct { compat_uptr_t _call_addr; /* calling user insn */ int _syscall; /* triggering system call number */ unsigned int _arch; /* AUDIT_ARCH_* of syscall */ } _sigsys; } _sifields; } compat_siginfo_t; struct compat_rlimit { compat_ulong_t rlim_cur; compat_ulong_t rlim_max; }; struct compat_rusage { struct old_timeval32 ru_utime; struct old_timeval32 ru_stime; compat_long_t ru_maxrss; compat_long_t ru_ixrss; compat_long_t ru_idrss; compat_long_t ru_isrss; compat_long_t ru_minflt; compat_long_t ru_majflt; compat_long_t ru_nswap; compat_long_t ru_inblock; compat_long_t ru_oublock; compat_long_t ru_msgsnd; compat_long_t ru_msgrcv; compat_long_t ru_nsignals; compat_long_t ru_nvcsw; compat_long_t ru_nivcsw; }; extern int put_compat_rusage(const struct rusage *, struct compat_rusage __user *); struct compat_siginfo; struct __compat_aio_sigset; struct compat_dirent { u32 d_ino; compat_off_t d_off; u16 d_reclen; char d_name[256]; }; struct compat_ustat { compat_daddr_t f_tfree; compat_ino_t f_tinode; char f_fname[6]; char f_fpack[6]; }; #define COMPAT_SIGEV_PAD_SIZE ((SIGEV_MAX_SIZE/sizeof(int)) - 3) typedef struct compat_sigevent { compat_sigval_t sigev_value; compat_int_t sigev_signo; compat_int_t sigev_notify; union { compat_int_t _pad[COMPAT_SIGEV_PAD_SIZE]; compat_int_t _tid; struct { compat_uptr_t _function; compat_uptr_t _attribute; } _sigev_thread; } _sigev_un; } compat_sigevent_t; struct compat_ifmap { compat_ulong_t mem_start; compat_ulong_t mem_end; unsigned short base_addr; unsigned char irq; unsigned char dma; unsigned char port; }; struct compat_if_settings { unsigned int type; /* Type of physical device or protocol */ unsigned int size; /* Size of the data allocated by the caller */ compat_uptr_t ifs_ifsu; /* union of pointers */ }; struct compat_ifreq { union { char ifrn_name[IFNAMSIZ]; /* if name, e.g. "en0" */ } ifr_ifrn; union { struct sockaddr ifru_addr; struct sockaddr ifru_dstaddr; struct sockaddr ifru_broadaddr; struct sockaddr ifru_netmask; struct sockaddr ifru_hwaddr; short ifru_flags; compat_int_t ifru_ivalue; compat_int_t ifru_mtu; struct compat_ifmap ifru_map; char ifru_slave[IFNAMSIZ]; /* Just fits the size */ char ifru_newname[IFNAMSIZ]; compat_caddr_t ifru_data; struct compat_if_settings ifru_settings; } ifr_ifru; }; struct compat_ifconf { compat_int_t ifc_len; /* size of buffer */ compat_caddr_t ifcbuf; }; struct compat_robust_list { compat_uptr_t next; }; struct compat_robust_list_head { struct compat_robust_list list; compat_long_t futex_offset; compat_uptr_t list_op_pending; }; #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT_OLD_SIGACTION struct compat_old_sigaction { compat_uptr_t sa_handler; compat_old_sigset_t sa_mask; compat_ulong_t sa_flags; compat_uptr_t sa_restorer; }; #endif struct compat_keyctl_kdf_params { compat_uptr_t hashname; compat_uptr_t otherinfo; __u32 otherinfolen; __u32 __spare[8]; }; struct compat_statfs; struct compat_statfs64; struct compat_old_linux_dirent; struct compat_linux_dirent; struct linux_dirent64; struct compat_msghdr; struct compat_mmsghdr; struct compat_sysinfo; struct compat_sysctl_args; struct compat_kexec_segment; struct compat_mq_attr; struct compat_msgbuf; #define BITS_PER_COMPAT_LONG (8*sizeof(compat_long_t)) #define BITS_TO_COMPAT_LONGS(bits) DIV_ROUND_UP(bits, BITS_PER_COMPAT_LONG) long compat_get_bitmap(unsigned long *mask, const compat_ulong_t __user *umask, unsigned long bitmap_size); long compat_put_bitmap(compat_ulong_t __user *umask, unsigned long *mask, unsigned long bitmap_size); void copy_siginfo_to_external32(struct compat_siginfo *to, const struct kernel_siginfo *from); int copy_siginfo_from_user32(kernel_siginfo_t *to, const struct compat_siginfo __user *from); int __copy_siginfo_to_user32(struct compat_siginfo __user *to, const kernel_siginfo_t *from); #ifndef copy_siginfo_to_user32 #define copy_siginfo_to_user32 __copy_siginfo_to_user32 #endif int get_compat_sigevent(struct sigevent *event, const struct compat_sigevent __user *u_event); extern int get_compat_sigset(sigset_t *set, const compat_sigset_t __user *compat); /* * Defined inline such that size can be compile time constant, which avoids * CONFIG_HARDENED_USERCOPY complaining about copies from task_struct */ static inline int put_compat_sigset(compat_sigset_t __user *compat, const sigset_t *set, unsigned int size) { /* size <= sizeof(compat_sigset_t) <= sizeof(sigset_t) */ #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN compat_sigset_t v; switch (_NSIG_WORDS) { case 4: v.sig[7] = (set->sig[3] >> 32); v.sig[6] = set->sig[3]; fallthrough; case 3: v.sig[5] = (set->sig[2] >> 32); v.sig[4] = set->sig[2]; fallthrough; case 2: v.sig[3] = (set->sig[1] >> 32); v.sig[2] = set->sig[1]; fallthrough; case 1: v.sig[1] = (set->sig[0] >> 32); v.sig[0] = set->sig[0]; } return copy_to_user(compat, &v, size) ? -EFAULT : 0; #else return copy_to_user(compat, set, size) ? -EFAULT : 0; #endif } extern int compat_ptrace_request(struct task_struct *child, compat_long_t request, compat_ulong_t addr, compat_ulong_t data); extern long compat_arch_ptrace(struct task_struct *child, compat_long_t request, compat_ulong_t addr, compat_ulong_t data); struct epoll_event; /* fortunately, this one is fixed-layout */ extern void __user *compat_alloc_user_space(unsigned long len); int compat_restore_altstack(const compat_stack_t __user *uss); int __compat_save_altstack(compat_stack_t __user *, unsigned long); #define unsafe_compat_save_altstack(uss, sp, label) do { \ compat_stack_t __user *__uss = uss; \ struct task_struct *t = current; \ unsafe_put_user(ptr_to_compat((void __user *)t->sas_ss_sp), \ &__uss->ss_sp, label); \ unsafe_put_user(t->sas_ss_flags, &__uss->ss_flags, label); \ unsafe_put_user(t->sas_ss_size, &__uss->ss_size, label); \ if (t->sas_ss_flags & SS_AUTODISARM) \ sas_ss_reset(t); \ } while (0); /* * These syscall function prototypes are kept in the same order as * include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h. Deprecated or obsolete system calls * go below. * * Please note that these prototypes here are only provided for information * purposes, for static analysis, and for linking from the syscall table. * These functions should not be called elsewhere from kernel code. * * As the syscall calling convention may be different from the default * for architectures overriding the syscall calling convention, do not * include the prototypes if CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYSCALL_WRAPPER is enabled. */ #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYSCALL_WRAPPER asmlinkage long compat_sys_io_setup(unsigned nr_reqs, u32 __user *ctx32p); asmlinkage long compat_sys_io_submit(compat_aio_context_t ctx_id, int nr, u32 __user *iocb); asmlinkage long compat_sys_io_pgetevents(compat_aio_context_t ctx_id, compat_long_t min_nr, compat_long_t nr, struct io_event __user *events, struct old_timespec32 __user *timeout, const struct __compat_aio_sigset __user *usig); asmlinkage long compat_sys_io_pgetevents_time64(compat_aio_context_t ctx_id, compat_long_t min_nr, compat_long_t nr, struct io_event __user *events, struct __kernel_timespec __user *timeout, const struct __compat_aio_sigset __user *usig); /* fs/cookies.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_lookup_dcookie(u32, u32, char __user *, compat_size_t); /* fs/eventpoll.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_epoll_pwait(int epfd, struct epoll_event __user *events, int maxevents, int timeout, const compat_sigset_t __user *sigmask, compat_size_t sigsetsize); /* fs/fcntl.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_fcntl(unsigned int fd, unsigned int cmd, compat_ulong_t arg); asmlinkage long compat_sys_fcntl64(unsigned int fd, unsigned int cmd, compat_ulong_t arg); /* fs/ioctl.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_ioctl(unsigned int fd, unsigned int cmd, compat_ulong_t arg); /* fs/open.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_statfs(const char __user *pathname, struct compat_statfs __user *buf); asmlinkage long compat_sys_statfs64(const char __user *pathname, compat_size_t sz, struct compat_statfs64 __user *buf); asmlinkage long compat_sys_fstatfs(unsigned int fd, struct compat_statfs __user *buf); asmlinkage long compat_sys_fstatfs64(unsigned int fd, compat_size_t sz, struct compat_statfs64 __user *buf); asmlinkage long compat_sys_truncate(const char __user *, compat_off_t); asmlinkage long compat_sys_ftruncate(unsigned int, compat_ulong_t); /* No generic prototype for truncate64, ftruncate64, fallocate */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_openat(int dfd, const char __user *filename, int flags, umode_t mode); /* fs/readdir.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_getdents(unsigned int fd, struct compat_linux_dirent __user *dirent, unsigned int count); /* fs/read_write.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_lseek(unsigned int, compat_off_t, unsigned int); /* No generic prototype for pread64 and pwrite64 */ asmlinkage ssize_t compat_sys_preadv(compat_ulong_t fd, const struct iovec __user *vec, compat_ulong_t vlen, u32 pos_low, u32 pos_high); asmlinkage ssize_t compat_sys_pwritev(compat_ulong_t fd, const struct iovec __user *vec, compat_ulong_t vlen, u32 pos_low, u32 pos_high); #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_COMPAT_SYS_PREADV64 asmlinkage long compat_sys_preadv64(unsigned long fd, const struct iovec __user *vec, unsigned long vlen, loff_t pos); #endif #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_COMPAT_SYS_PWRITEV64 asmlinkage long compat_sys_pwritev64(unsigned long fd, const struct iovec __user *vec, unsigned long vlen, loff_t pos); #endif /* fs/sendfile.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_sendfile(int out_fd, int in_fd, compat_off_t __user *offset, compat_size_t count); asmlinkage long compat_sys_sendfile64(int out_fd, int in_fd, compat_loff_t __user *offset, compat_size_t count); /* fs/select.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_pselect6_time32(int n, compat_ulong_t __user *inp, compat_ulong_t __user *outp, compat_ulong_t __user *exp, struct old_timespec32 __user *tsp, void __user *sig); asmlinkage long compat_sys_pselect6_time64(int n, compat_ulong_t __user *inp, compat_ulong_t __user *outp, compat_ulong_t __user *exp, struct __kernel_timespec __user *tsp, void __user *sig); asmlinkage long compat_sys_ppoll_time32(struct pollfd __user *ufds, unsigned int nfds, struct old_timespec32 __user *tsp, const compat_sigset_t __user *sigmask, compat_size_t sigsetsize); asmlinkage long compat_sys_ppoll_time64(struct pollfd __user *ufds, unsigned int nfds, struct __kernel_timespec __user *tsp, const compat_sigset_t __user *sigmask, compat_size_t sigsetsize); /* fs/signalfd.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_signalfd4(int ufd, const compat_sigset_t __user *sigmask, compat_size_t sigsetsize, int flags); /* fs/stat.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_newfstatat(unsigned int dfd, const char __user *filename, struct compat_stat __user *statbuf, int flag); asmlinkage long compat_sys_newfstat(unsigned int fd, struct compat_stat __user *statbuf); /* fs/sync.c: No generic prototype for sync_file_range and sync_file_range2 */ /* kernel/exit.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_waitid(int, compat_pid_t, struct compat_siginfo __user *, int, struct compat_rusage __user *); /* kernel/futex.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_set_robust_list(struct compat_robust_list_head __user *head, compat_size_t len); asmlinkage long compat_sys_get_robust_list(int pid, compat_uptr_t __user *head_ptr, compat_size_t __user *len_ptr); /* kernel/itimer.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_getitimer(int which, struct old_itimerval32 __user *it); asmlinkage long compat_sys_setitimer(int which, struct old_itimerval32 __user *in, struct old_itimerval32 __user *out); /* kernel/kexec.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_kexec_load(compat_ulong_t entry, compat_ulong_t nr_segments, struct compat_kexec_segment __user *, compat_ulong_t flags); /* kernel/posix-timers.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_timer_create(clockid_t which_clock, struct compat_sigevent __user *timer_event_spec, timer_t __user *created_timer_id); /* kernel/ptrace.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_ptrace(compat_long_t request, compat_long_t pid, compat_long_t addr, compat_long_t data); /* kernel/sched/core.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_sched_setaffinity(compat_pid_t pid, unsigned int len, compat_ulong_t __user *user_mask_ptr); asmlinkage long compat_sys_sched_getaffinity(compat_pid_t pid, unsigned int len, compat_ulong_t __user *user_mask_ptr); /* kernel/signal.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_sigaltstack(const compat_stack_t __user *uss_ptr, compat_stack_t __user *uoss_ptr); asmlinkage long compat_sys_rt_sigsuspend(compat_sigset_t __user *unewset, compat_size_t sigsetsize); #ifndef CONFIG_ODD_RT_SIGACTION asmlinkage long compat_sys_rt_sigaction(int, const struct compat_sigaction __user *, struct compat_sigaction __user *, compat_size_t); #endif asmlinkage long compat_sys_rt_sigprocmask(int how, compat_sigset_t __user *set, compat_sigset_t __user *oset, compat_size_t sigsetsize); asmlinkage long compat_sys_rt_sigpending(compat_sigset_t __user *uset, compat_size_t sigsetsize); asmlinkage long compat_sys_rt_sigtimedwait_time32(compat_sigset_t __user *uthese, struct compat_siginfo __user *uinfo, struct old_timespec32 __user *uts, compat_size_t sigsetsize); asmlinkage long compat_sys_rt_sigtimedwait_time64(compat_sigset_t __user *uthese, struct compat_siginfo __user *uinfo, struct __kernel_timespec __user *uts, compat_size_t sigsetsize); asmlinkage long compat_sys_rt_sigqueueinfo(compat_pid_t pid, int sig, struct compat_siginfo __user *uinfo); /* No generic prototype for rt_sigreturn */ /* kernel/sys.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_times(struct compat_tms __user *tbuf); asmlinkage long compat_sys_getrlimit(unsigned int resource, struct compat_rlimit __user *rlim); asmlinkage long compat_sys_setrlimit(unsigned int resource, struct compat_rlimit __user *rlim); asmlinkage long compat_sys_getrusage(int who, struct compat_rusage __user *ru); /* kernel/time.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_gettimeofday(struct old_timeval32 __user *tv, struct timezone __user *tz); asmlinkage long compat_sys_settimeofday(struct old_timeval32 __user *tv, struct timezone __user *tz); /* kernel/timer.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_sysinfo(struct compat_sysinfo __user *info); /* ipc/mqueue.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_mq_open(const char __user *u_name, int oflag, compat_mode_t mode, struct compat_mq_attr __user *u_attr); asmlinkage long compat_sys_mq_notify(mqd_t mqdes, const struct compat_sigevent __user *u_notification); asmlinkage long compat_sys_mq_getsetattr(mqd_t mqdes, const struct compat_mq_attr __user *u_mqstat, struct compat_mq_attr __user *u_omqstat); /* ipc/msg.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_msgctl(int first, int second, void __user *uptr); asmlinkage long compat_sys_msgrcv(int msqid, compat_uptr_t msgp, compat_ssize_t msgsz, compat_long_t msgtyp, int msgflg); asmlinkage long compat_sys_msgsnd(int msqid, compat_uptr_t msgp, compat_ssize_t msgsz, int msgflg); /* ipc/sem.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_semctl(int semid, int semnum, int cmd, int arg); /* ipc/shm.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_shmctl(int first, int second, void __user *uptr); asmlinkage long compat_sys_shmat(int shmid, compat_uptr_t shmaddr, int shmflg); /* net/socket.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_recvfrom(int fd, void __user *buf, compat_size_t len, unsigned flags, struct sockaddr __user *addr, int __user *addrlen); asmlinkage long compat_sys_sendmsg(int fd, struct compat_msghdr __user *msg, unsigned flags); asmlinkage long compat_sys_recvmsg(int fd, struct compat_msghdr __user *msg, unsigned int flags); /* mm/filemap.c: No generic prototype for readahead */ /* security/keys/keyctl.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_keyctl(u32 option, u32 arg2, u32 arg3, u32 arg4, u32 arg5); /* arch/example/kernel/sys_example.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_execve(const char __user *filename, const compat_uptr_t __user *argv, const compat_uptr_t __user *envp); /* mm/fadvise.c: No generic prototype for fadvise64_64 */ /* mm/, CONFIG_MMU only */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_mbind(compat_ulong_t start, compat_ulong_t len, compat_ulong_t mode, compat_ulong_t __user *nmask, compat_ulong_t maxnode, compat_ulong_t flags); asmlinkage long compat_sys_get_mempolicy(int __user *policy, compat_ulong_t __user *nmask, compat_ulong_t maxnode, compat_ulong_t addr, compat_ulong_t flags); asmlinkage long compat_sys_set_mempolicy(int mode, compat_ulong_t __user *nmask, compat_ulong_t maxnode); asmlinkage long compat_sys_migrate_pages(compat_pid_t pid, compat_ulong_t maxnode, const compat_ulong_t __user *old_nodes, const compat_ulong_t __user *new_nodes); asmlinkage long compat_sys_move_pages(pid_t pid, compat_ulong_t nr_pages, __u32 __user *pages, const int __user *nodes, int __user *status, int flags); asmlinkage long compat_sys_rt_tgsigqueueinfo(compat_pid_t tgid, compat_pid_t pid, int sig, struct compat_siginfo __user *uinfo); asmlinkage long compat_sys_recvmmsg_time64(int fd, struct compat_mmsghdr __user *mmsg, unsigned vlen, unsigned int flags, struct __kernel_timespec __user *timeout); asmlinkage long compat_sys_recvmmsg_time32(int fd, struct compat_mmsghdr __user *mmsg, unsigned vlen, unsigned int flags, struct old_timespec32 __user *timeout); asmlinkage long compat_sys_wait4(compat_pid_t pid, compat_uint_t __user *stat_addr, int options, struct compat_rusage __user *ru); asmlinkage long compat_sys_fanotify_mark(int, unsigned int, __u32, __u32, int, const char __user *); asmlinkage long compat_sys_open_by_handle_at(int mountdirfd, struct file_handle __user *handle, int flags); asmlinkage long compat_sys_sendmmsg(int fd, struct compat_mmsghdr __user *mmsg, unsigned vlen, unsigned int flags); asmlinkage long compat_sys_execveat(int dfd, const char __user *filename, const compat_uptr_t __user *argv, const compat_uptr_t __user *envp, int flags); asmlinkage ssize_t compat_sys_preadv2(compat_ulong_t fd, const struct iovec __user *vec, compat_ulong_t vlen, u32 pos_low, u32 pos_high, rwf_t flags); asmlinkage ssize_t compat_sys_pwritev2(compat_ulong_t fd, const struct iovec __user *vec, compat_ulong_t vlen, u32 pos_low, u32 pos_high, rwf_t flags); #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_COMPAT_SYS_PREADV64V2 asmlinkage long compat_sys_preadv64v2(unsigned long fd, const struct iovec __user *vec, unsigned long vlen, loff_t pos, rwf_t flags); #endif #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_COMPAT_SYS_PWRITEV64V2 asmlinkage long compat_sys_pwritev64v2(unsigned long fd, const struct iovec __user *vec, unsigned long vlen, loff_t pos, rwf_t flags); #endif /* * Deprecated system calls which are still defined in * include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h and wanted by >= 1 arch */ /* __ARCH_WANT_SYSCALL_NO_AT */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_open(const char __user *filename, int flags, umode_t mode); /* __ARCH_WANT_SYSCALL_NO_FLAGS */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_signalfd(int ufd, const compat_sigset_t __user *sigmask, compat_size_t sigsetsize); /* __ARCH_WANT_SYSCALL_OFF_T */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_newstat(const char __user *filename, struct compat_stat __user *statbuf); asmlinkage long compat_sys_newlstat(const char __user *filename, struct compat_stat __user *statbuf); /* __ARCH_WANT_SYSCALL_DEPRECATED */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_select(int n, compat_ulong_t __user *inp, compat_ulong_t __user *outp, compat_ulong_t __user *exp, struct old_timeval32 __user *tvp); asmlinkage long compat_sys_ustat(unsigned dev, struct compat_ustat __user *u32); asmlinkage long compat_sys_recv(int fd, void __user *buf, compat_size_t len, unsigned flags); /* obsolete: fs/readdir.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_old_readdir(unsigned int fd, struct compat_old_linux_dirent __user *, unsigned int count); /* obsolete: fs/select.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_old_select(struct compat_sel_arg_struct __user *arg); /* obsolete: ipc */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_ipc(u32, int, int, u32, compat_uptr_t, u32); /* obsolete: kernel/signal.c */ #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_SYS_SIGPENDING asmlinkage long compat_sys_sigpending(compat_old_sigset_t __user *set); #endif #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_SYS_SIGPROCMASK asmlinkage long compat_sys_sigprocmask(int how, compat_old_sigset_t __user *nset, compat_old_sigset_t __user *oset); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT_OLD_SIGACTION asmlinkage long compat_sys_sigaction(int sig, const struct compat_old_sigaction __user *act, struct compat_old_sigaction __user *oact); #endif /* obsolete: net/socket.c */ asmlinkage long compat_sys_socketcall(int call, u32 __user *args); #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYSCALL_WRAPPER */ /* * For most but not all architectures, "am I in a compat syscall?" and * "am I a compat task?" are the same question. For architectures on which * they aren't the same question, arch code can override in_compat_syscall. */ #ifndef in_compat_syscall static inline bool in_compat_syscall(void) { return is_compat_task(); } #endif /** * ns_to_old_timeval32 - Compat version of ns_to_timeval * @nsec: the nanoseconds value to be converted * * Returns the old_timeval32 representation of the nsec parameter. */ static inline struct old_timeval32 ns_to_old_timeval32(s64 nsec) { struct __kernel_old_timeval tv; struct old_timeval32 ctv; tv = ns_to_kernel_old_timeval(nsec); ctv.tv_sec = tv.tv_sec; ctv.tv_usec = tv.tv_usec; return ctv; } /* * Kernel code should not call compat syscalls (i.e., compat_sys_xyzyyz()) * directly. Instead, use one of the functions which work equivalently, such * as the kcompat_sys_xyzyyz() functions prototyped below. */ int kcompat_sys_statfs64(const char __user * pathname, compat_size_t sz, struct compat_statfs64 __user * buf); int kcompat_sys_fstatfs64(unsigned int fd, compat_size_t sz, struct compat_statfs64 __user * buf); #else /* !CONFIG_COMPAT */ #define is_compat_task() (0) /* Ensure no one redefines in_compat_syscall() under !CONFIG_COMPAT */ #define in_compat_syscall in_compat_syscall static inline bool in_compat_syscall(void) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_COMPAT */ /* * Some legacy ABIs like the i386 one use less than natural alignment for 64-bit * types, and will need special compat treatment for that. Most architectures * don't need that special handling even for compat syscalls. */ #ifndef compat_need_64bit_alignment_fixup #define compat_need_64bit_alignment_fixup() false #endif /* * A pointer passed in from user mode. This should not * be used for syscall parameters, just declare them * as pointers because the syscall entry code will have * appropriately converted them already. */ #ifndef compat_ptr static inline void __user *compat_ptr(compat_uptr_t uptr) { return (void __user *)(unsigned long)uptr; } #endif static inline compat_uptr_t ptr_to_compat(void __user *uptr) { return (u32)(unsigned long)uptr; } #endif /* _LINUX_COMPAT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_PGALLOC_H #define _ASM_X86_PGALLOC_H #include <linux/threads.h> #include <linux/mm.h> /* for struct page */ #include <linux/pagemap.h> #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_ALLOC_ONE #define __HAVE_ARCH_PGD_FREE #include <asm-generic/pgalloc.h> static inline int __paravirt_pgd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm) { return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL #include <asm/paravirt.h> #else #define paravirt_pgd_alloc(mm) __paravirt_pgd_alloc(mm) static inline void paravirt_pgd_free(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd) {} static inline void paravirt_alloc_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pfn) {} static inline void paravirt_alloc_pmd(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pfn) {} static inline void paravirt_alloc_pmd_clone(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long clonepfn, unsigned long start, unsigned long count) {} static inline void paravirt_alloc_pud(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pfn) {} static inline void paravirt_alloc_p4d(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pfn) {} static inline void paravirt_release_pte(unsigned long pfn) {} static inline void paravirt_release_pmd(unsigned long pfn) {} static inline void paravirt_release_pud(unsigned long pfn) {} static inline void paravirt_release_p4d(unsigned long pfn) {} #endif /* * Flags to use when allocating a user page table page. */ extern gfp_t __userpte_alloc_gfp; #ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION /* * Instead of one PGD, we acquire two PGDs. Being order-1, it is * both 8k in size and 8k-aligned. That lets us just flip bit 12 * in a pointer to swap between the two 4k halves. */ #define PGD_ALLOCATION_ORDER 1 #else #define PGD_ALLOCATION_ORDER 0 #endif /* * Allocate and free page tables. */ extern pgd_t *pgd_alloc(struct mm_struct *); extern void pgd_free(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd); extern pgtable_t pte_alloc_one(struct mm_struct *); extern void ___pte_free_tlb(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct page *pte); static inline void __pte_free_tlb(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct page *pte, unsigned long address) { ___pte_free_tlb(tlb, pte); } static inline void pmd_populate_kernel(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, pte_t *pte) { paravirt_alloc_pte(mm, __pa(pte) >> PAGE_SHIFT); set_pmd(pmd, __pmd(__pa(pte) | _PAGE_TABLE)); } static inline void pmd_populate_kernel_safe(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, pte_t *pte) { paravirt_alloc_pte(mm, __pa(pte) >> PAGE_SHIFT); set_pmd_safe(pmd, __pmd(__pa(pte) | _PAGE_TABLE)); } static inline void pmd_populate(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, struct page *pte) { unsigned long pfn = page_to_pfn(pte); paravirt_alloc_pte(mm, pfn); set_pmd(pmd, __pmd(((pteval_t)pfn << PAGE_SHIFT) | _PAGE_TABLE)); } #define pmd_pgtable(pmd) pmd_page(pmd) #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 2 extern void ___pmd_free_tlb(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pmd_t *pmd); static inline void __pmd_free_tlb(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long address) { ___pmd_free_tlb(tlb, pmd); } #ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE extern void pud_populate(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pudp, pmd_t *pmd); #else /* !CONFIG_X86_PAE */ static inline void pud_populate(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, pmd_t *pmd) { paravirt_alloc_pmd(mm, __pa(pmd) >> PAGE_SHIFT); set_pud(pud, __pud(_PAGE_TABLE | __pa(pmd))); } static inline void pud_populate_safe(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, pmd_t *pmd) { paravirt_alloc_pmd(mm, __pa(pmd) >> PAGE_SHIFT); set_pud_safe(pud, __pud(_PAGE_TABLE | __pa(pmd))); } #endif /* CONFIG_X86_PAE */ #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 3 static inline void p4d_populate(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, pud_t *pud) { paravirt_alloc_pud(mm, __pa(pud) >> PAGE_SHIFT); set_p4d(p4d, __p4d(_PAGE_TABLE | __pa(pud))); } static inline void p4d_populate_safe(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, pud_t *pud) { paravirt_alloc_pud(mm, __pa(pud) >> PAGE_SHIFT); set_p4d_safe(p4d, __p4d(_PAGE_TABLE | __pa(pud))); } extern void ___pud_free_tlb(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pud_t *pud); static inline void __pud_free_tlb(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address) { ___pud_free_tlb(tlb, pud); } #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 4 static inline void pgd_populate(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, p4d_t *p4d) { if (!pgtable_l5_enabled()) return; paravirt_alloc_p4d(mm, __pa(p4d) >> PAGE_SHIFT); set_pgd(pgd, __pgd(_PAGE_TABLE | __pa(p4d))); } static inline void pgd_populate_safe(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, p4d_t *p4d) { if (!pgtable_l5_enabled()) return; paravirt_alloc_p4d(mm, __pa(p4d) >> PAGE_SHIFT); set_pgd_safe(pgd, __pgd(_PAGE_TABLE | __pa(p4d))); } static inline p4d_t *p4d_alloc_one(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { gfp_t gfp = GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT; if (mm == &init_mm) gfp &= ~__GFP_ACCOUNT; return (p4d_t *)get_zeroed_page(gfp); } static inline void p4d_free(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d) { if (!pgtable_l5_enabled()) return; BUG_ON((unsigned long)p4d & (PAGE_SIZE-1)); free_page((unsigned long)p4d); } extern void ___p4d_free_tlb(struct mmu_gather *tlb, p4d_t *p4d); static inline void __p4d_free_tlb(struct mmu_gather *tlb, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address) { if (pgtable_l5_enabled()) ___p4d_free_tlb(tlb, p4d); } #endif /* CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 4 */ #endif /* CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 3 */ #endif /* CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 2 */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_PGALLOC_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_COMPACTION_H #define _LINUX_COMPACTION_H /* * Determines how hard direct compaction should try to succeed. * Lower value means higher priority, analogically to reclaim priority. */ enum compact_priority { COMPACT_PRIO_SYNC_FULL, MIN_COMPACT_PRIORITY = COMPACT_PRIO_SYNC_FULL, COMPACT_PRIO_SYNC_LIGHT, MIN_COMPACT_COSTLY_PRIORITY = COMPACT_PRIO_SYNC_LIGHT, DEF_COMPACT_PRIORITY = COMPACT_PRIO_SYNC_LIGHT, COMPACT_PRIO_ASYNC, INIT_COMPACT_PRIORITY = COMPACT_PRIO_ASYNC }; /* Return values for compact_zone() and try_to_compact_pages() */ /* When adding new states, please adjust include/trace/events/compaction.h */ enum compact_result { /* For more detailed tracepoint output - internal to compaction */ COMPACT_NOT_SUITABLE_ZONE, /* * compaction didn't start as it was not possible or direct reclaim * was more suitable */ COMPACT_SKIPPED, /* compaction didn't start as it was deferred due to past failures */ COMPACT_DEFERRED, /* For more detailed tracepoint output - internal to compaction */ COMPACT_NO_SUITABLE_PAGE, /* compaction should continue to another pageblock */ COMPACT_CONTINUE, /* * The full zone was compacted scanned but wasn't successfull to compact * suitable pages. */ COMPACT_COMPLETE, /* * direct compaction has scanned part of the zone but wasn't successfull * to compact suitable pages. */ COMPACT_PARTIAL_SKIPPED, /* compaction terminated prematurely due to lock contentions */ COMPACT_CONTENDED, /* * direct compaction terminated after concluding that the allocation * should now succeed */ COMPACT_SUCCESS, }; struct alloc_context; /* in mm/internal.h */ /* * Number of free order-0 pages that should be available above given watermark * to make sure compaction has reasonable chance of not running out of free * pages that it needs to isolate as migration target during its work. */ static inline unsigned long compact_gap(unsigned int order) { /* * Although all the isolations for migration are temporary, compaction * free scanner may have up to 1 << order pages on its list and then * try to split an (order - 1) free page. At that point, a gap of * 1 << order might not be enough, so it's safer to require twice that * amount. Note that the number of pages on the list is also * effectively limited by COMPACT_CLUSTER_MAX, as that's the maximum * that the migrate scanner can have isolated on migrate list, and free * scanner is only invoked when the number of isolated free pages is * lower than that. But it's not worth to complicate the formula here * as a bigger gap for higher orders than strictly necessary can also * improve chances of compaction success. */ return 2UL << order; } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPACTION extern int sysctl_compact_memory; extern unsigned int sysctl_compaction_proactiveness; extern int sysctl_compaction_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *length, loff_t *ppos); extern int sysctl_extfrag_threshold; extern int sysctl_compact_unevictable_allowed; extern unsigned int extfrag_for_order(struct zone *zone, unsigned int order); extern int fragmentation_index(struct zone *zone, unsigned int order); extern enum compact_result try_to_compact_pages(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order, unsigned int alloc_flags, const struct alloc_context *ac, enum compact_priority prio, struct page **page); extern void reset_isolation_suitable(pg_data_t *pgdat); extern enum compact_result compaction_suitable(struct zone *zone, int order, unsigned int alloc_flags, int highest_zoneidx); extern void defer_compaction(struct zone *zone, int order); extern bool compaction_deferred(struct zone *zone, int order); extern void compaction_defer_reset(struct zone *zone, int order, bool alloc_success); extern bool compaction_restarting(struct zone *zone, int order); /* Compaction has made some progress and retrying makes sense */ static inline bool compaction_made_progress(enum compact_result result) { /* * Even though this might sound confusing this in fact tells us * that the compaction successfully isolated and migrated some * pageblocks. */ if (result == COMPACT_SUCCESS) return true; return false; } /* Compaction has failed and it doesn't make much sense to keep retrying. */ static inline bool compaction_failed(enum compact_result result) { /* All zones were scanned completely and still not result. */ if (result == COMPACT_COMPLETE) return true; return false; } /* Compaction needs reclaim to be performed first, so it can continue. */ static inline bool compaction_needs_reclaim(enum compact_result result) { /* * Compaction backed off due to watermark checks for order-0 * so the regular reclaim has to try harder and reclaim something. */ if (result == COMPACT_SKIPPED) return true; return false; } /* * Compaction has backed off for some reason after doing some work or none * at all. It might be throttling or lock contention. Retrying might be still * worthwhile, but with a higher priority if allowed. */ static inline bool compaction_withdrawn(enum compact_result result) { /* * If compaction is deferred for high-order allocations, it is * because sync compaction recently failed. If this is the case * and the caller requested a THP allocation, we do not want * to heavily disrupt the system, so we fail the allocation * instead of entering direct reclaim. */ if (result == COMPACT_DEFERRED) return true; /* * If compaction in async mode encounters contention or blocks higher * priority task we back off early rather than cause stalls. */ if (result == COMPACT_CONTENDED) return true; /* * Page scanners have met but we haven't scanned full zones so this * is a back off in fact. */ if (result == COMPACT_PARTIAL_SKIPPED) return true; return false; } bool compaction_zonelist_suitable(struct alloc_context *ac, int order, int alloc_flags); extern int kcompactd_run(int nid); extern void kcompactd_stop(int nid); extern void wakeup_kcompactd(pg_data_t *pgdat, int order, int highest_zoneidx); #else static inline void reset_isolation_suitable(pg_data_t *pgdat) { } static inline enum compact_result compaction_suitable(struct zone *zone, int order, int alloc_flags, int highest_zoneidx) { return COMPACT_SKIPPED; } static inline void defer_compaction(struct zone *zone, int order) { } static inline bool compaction_deferred(struct zone *zone, int order) { return true; } static inline bool compaction_made_progress(enum compact_result result) { return false; } static inline bool compaction_failed(enum compact_result result) { return false; } static inline bool compaction_needs_reclaim(enum compact_result result) { return false; } static inline bool compaction_withdrawn(enum compact_result result) { return true; } static inline int kcompactd_run(int nid) { return 0; } static inline void kcompactd_stop(int nid) { } static inline void wakeup_kcompactd(pg_data_t *pgdat, int order, int highest_zoneidx) { } #endif /* CONFIG_COMPACTION */ struct node; #if defined(CONFIG_COMPACTION) && defined(CONFIG_SYSFS) && defined(CONFIG_NUMA) extern int compaction_register_node(struct node *node); extern void compaction_unregister_node(struct node *node); #else static inline int compaction_register_node(struct node *node) { return 0; } static inline void compaction_unregister_node(struct node *node) { } #endif /* CONFIG_COMPACTION && CONFIG_SYSFS && CONFIG_NUMA */ #endif /* _LINUX_COMPACTION_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * Tracing hooks * * Copyright (C) 2008-2009 Red Hat, Inc. All rights reserved. * * This file defines hook entry points called by core code where * user tracing/debugging support might need to do something. These * entry points are called tracehook_*(). Each hook declared below * has a detailed kerneldoc comment giving the context (locking et * al) from which it is called, and the meaning of its return value. * * Each function here typically has only one call site, so it is ok * to have some nontrivial tracehook_*() inlines. In all cases, the * fast path when no tracing is enabled should be very short. * * The purpose of this file and the tracehook_* layer is to consolidate * the interface that the kernel core and arch code uses to enable any * user debugging or tracing facility (such as ptrace). The interfaces * here are carefully documented so that maintainers of core and arch * code do not need to think about the implementation details of the * tracing facilities. Likewise, maintainers of the tracing code do not * need to understand all the calling core or arch code in detail, just * documented circumstances of each call, such as locking conditions. * * If the calling core code changes so that locking is different, then * it is ok to change the interface documented here. The maintainer of * core code changing should notify the maintainers of the tracing code * that they need to work out the change. * * Some tracehook_*() inlines take arguments that the current tracing * implementations might not necessarily use. These function signatures * are chosen to pass in all the information that is on hand in the * caller and might conceivably be relevant to a tracer, so that the * core code won't have to be updated when tracing adds more features. * If a call site changes so that some of those parameters are no longer * already on hand without extra work, then the tracehook_* interface * can change so there is no make-work burden on the core code. The * maintainer of core code changing should notify the maintainers of the * tracing code that they need to work out the change. */ #ifndef _LINUX_TRACEHOOK_H #define _LINUX_TRACEHOOK_H 1 #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/task_work.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/blk-cgroup.h> struct linux_binprm; /* * ptrace report for syscall entry and exit looks identical. */ static inline int ptrace_report_syscall(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long message) { int ptrace = current->ptrace; if (!(ptrace & PT_PTRACED)) return 0; current->ptrace_message = message; ptrace_notify(SIGTRAP | ((ptrace & PT_TRACESYSGOOD) ? 0x80 : 0)); /* * this isn't the same as continuing with a signal, but it will do * for normal use. strace only continues with a signal if the * stopping signal is not SIGTRAP. -brl */ if (current->exit_code) { send_sig(current->exit_code, current, 1); current->exit_code = 0; } current->ptrace_message = 0; return fatal_signal_pending(current); } /** * tracehook_report_syscall_entry - task is about to attempt a system call * @regs: user register state of current task * * This will be called if %TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE or %TIF_SYSCALL_EMU have been set, * when the current task has just entered the kernel for a system call. * Full user register state is available here. Changing the values * in @regs can affect the system call number and arguments to be tried. * It is safe to block here, preventing the system call from beginning. * * Returns zero normally, or nonzero if the calling arch code should abort * the system call. That must prevent normal entry so no system call is * made. If @task ever returns to user mode after this, its register state * is unspecified, but should be something harmless like an %ENOSYS error * return. It should preserve enough information so that syscall_rollback() * can work (see asm-generic/syscall.h). * * Called without locks, just after entering kernel mode. */ static inline __must_check int tracehook_report_syscall_entry( struct pt_regs *regs) { return ptrace_report_syscall(regs, PTRACE_EVENTMSG_SYSCALL_ENTRY); } /** * tracehook_report_syscall_exit - task has just finished a system call * @regs: user register state of current task * @step: nonzero if simulating single-step or block-step * * This will be called if %TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE has been set, when the * current task has just finished an attempted system call. Full * user register state is available here. It is safe to block here, * preventing signals from being processed. * * If @step is nonzero, this report is also in lieu of the normal * trap that would follow the system call instruction because * user_enable_block_step() or user_enable_single_step() was used. * In this case, %TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE might not be set. * * Called without locks, just before checking for pending signals. */ static inline void tracehook_report_syscall_exit(struct pt_regs *regs, int step) { if (step) user_single_step_report(regs); else ptrace_report_syscall(regs, PTRACE_EVENTMSG_SYSCALL_EXIT); } /** * tracehook_signal_handler - signal handler setup is complete * @stepping: nonzero if debugger single-step or block-step in use * * Called by the arch code after a signal handler has been set up. * Register and stack state reflects the user handler about to run. * Signal mask changes have already been made. * * Called without locks, shortly before returning to user mode * (or handling more signals). */ static inline void tracehook_signal_handler(int stepping) { if (stepping) ptrace_notify(SIGTRAP); } /** * set_notify_resume - cause tracehook_notify_resume() to be called * @task: task that will call tracehook_notify_resume() * * Calling this arranges that @task will call tracehook_notify_resume() * before returning to user mode. If it's already running in user mode, * it will enter the kernel and call tracehook_notify_resume() soon. * If it's blocked, it will not be woken. */ static inline void set_notify_resume(struct task_struct *task) { #ifdef TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME if (!test_and_set_tsk_thread_flag(task, TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME)) kick_process(task); #endif } /** * tracehook_notify_resume - report when about to return to user mode * @regs: user-mode registers of @current task * * This is called when %TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME has been set. Now we are * about to return to user mode, and the user state in @regs can be * inspected or adjusted. The caller in arch code has cleared * %TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME before the call. If the flag gets set again * asynchronously, this will be called again before we return to * user mode. * * Called without locks. */ static inline void tracehook_notify_resume(struct pt_regs *regs) { clear_thread_flag(TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME); /* * This barrier pairs with task_work_add()->set_notify_resume() after * hlist_add_head(task->task_works); */ smp_mb__after_atomic(); if (unlikely(current->task_works)) task_work_run(); #ifdef CONFIG_KEYS_REQUEST_CACHE if (unlikely(current->cached_requested_key)) { key_put(current->cached_requested_key); current->cached_requested_key = NULL; } #endif mem_cgroup_handle_over_high(); blkcg_maybe_throttle_current(); } #endif /* <linux/tracehook.h> */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * fs/kernfs/kernfs-internal.h - kernfs internal header file * * Copyright (c) 2001-3 Patrick Mochel * Copyright (c) 2007 SUSE Linux Products GmbH * Copyright (c) 2007, 2013 Tejun Heo <teheo@suse.de> */ #ifndef __KERNFS_INTERNAL_H #define __KERNFS_INTERNAL_H #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/xattr.h> #include <linux/kernfs.h> #include <linux/fs_context.h> struct kernfs_iattrs { kuid_t ia_uid; kgid_t ia_gid; struct timespec64 ia_atime; struct timespec64 ia_mtime; struct timespec64 ia_ctime; struct simple_xattrs xattrs; atomic_t nr_user_xattrs; atomic_t user_xattr_size; }; /* +1 to avoid triggering overflow warning when negating it */ #define KN_DEACTIVATED_BIAS (INT_MIN + 1) /* KERNFS_TYPE_MASK and types are defined in include/linux/kernfs.h */ /** * kernfs_root - find out the kernfs_root a kernfs_node belongs to * @kn: kernfs_node of interest * * Return the kernfs_root @kn belongs to. */ static inline struct kernfs_root *kernfs_root(struct kernfs_node *kn) { /* if parent exists, it's always a dir; otherwise, @sd is a dir */ if (kn->parent) kn = kn->parent; return kn->dir.root; } /* * mount.c */ struct kernfs_super_info { struct super_block *sb; /* * The root associated with this super_block. Each super_block is * identified by the root and ns it's associated with. */ struct kernfs_root *root; /* * Each sb is associated with one namespace tag, currently the * network namespace of the task which mounted this kernfs * instance. If multiple tags become necessary, make the following * an array and compare kernfs_node tag against every entry. */ const void *ns; /* anchored at kernfs_root->supers, protected by kernfs_mutex */ struct list_head node; }; #define kernfs_info(SB) ((struct kernfs_super_info *)(SB->s_fs_info)) static inline struct kernfs_node *kernfs_dentry_node(struct dentry *dentry) { if (d_really_is_negative(dentry)) return NULL; return d_inode(dentry)->i_private; } extern const struct super_operations kernfs_sops; extern struct kmem_cache *kernfs_node_cache, *kernfs_iattrs_cache; /* * inode.c */ extern const struct xattr_handler *kernfs_xattr_handlers[]; void kernfs_evict_inode(struct inode *inode); int kernfs_iop_permission(struct inode *inode, int mask); int kernfs_iop_setattr(struct dentry *dentry, struct iattr *iattr); int kernfs_iop_getattr(const struct path *path, struct kstat *stat, u32 request_mask, unsigned int query_flags); ssize_t kernfs_iop_listxattr(struct dentry *dentry, char *buf, size_t size); int __kernfs_setattr(struct kernfs_node *kn, const struct iattr *iattr); /* * dir.c */ extern struct mutex kernfs_mutex; extern const struct dentry_operations kernfs_dops; extern const struct file_operations kernfs_dir_fops; extern const struct inode_operations kernfs_dir_iops; struct kernfs_node *kernfs_get_active(struct kernfs_node *kn); void kernfs_put_active(struct kernfs_node *kn); int kernfs_add_one(struct kernfs_node *kn); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_new_node(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, unsigned flags); /* * file.c */ extern const struct file_operations kernfs_file_fops; void kernfs_drain_open_files(struct kernfs_node *kn); /* * symlink.c */ extern const struct inode_operations kernfs_symlink_iops; #endif /* __KERNFS_INTERNAL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_FUTEX_H #define _ASM_X86_FUTEX_H #ifdef __KERNEL__ #include <linux/futex.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/asm.h> #include <asm/errno.h> #include <asm/processor.h> #include <asm/smap.h> #define unsafe_atomic_op1(insn, oval, uaddr, oparg, label) \ do { \ int oldval = 0, ret; \ asm volatile("1:\t" insn "\n" \ "2:\n" \ "\t.section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \ "3:\tmov\t%3, %1\n" \ "\tjmp\t2b\n" \ "\t.previous\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 3b) \ : "=r" (oldval), "=r" (ret), "+m" (*uaddr) \ : "i" (-EFAULT), "0" (oparg), "1" (0)); \ if (ret) \ goto label; \ *oval = oldval; \ } while(0) #define unsafe_atomic_op2(insn, oval, uaddr, oparg, label) \ do { \ int oldval = 0, ret, tem; \ asm volatile("1:\tmovl %2, %0\n" \ "2:\tmovl\t%0, %3\n" \ "\t" insn "\n" \ "3:\t" LOCK_PREFIX "cmpxchgl %3, %2\n" \ "\tjnz\t2b\n" \ "4:\n" \ "\t.section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \ "5:\tmov\t%5, %1\n" \ "\tjmp\t4b\n" \ "\t.previous\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 5b) \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(3b, 5b) \ : "=&a" (oldval), "=&r" (ret), \ "+m" (*uaddr), "=&r" (tem) \ : "r" (oparg), "i" (-EFAULT), "1" (0)); \ if (ret) \ goto label; \ *oval = oldval; \ } while(0) static __always_inline int arch_futex_atomic_op_inuser(int op, int oparg, int *oval, u32 __user *uaddr) { if (!user_access_begin(uaddr, sizeof(u32))) return -EFAULT; switch (op) { case FUTEX_OP_SET: unsafe_atomic_op1("xchgl %0, %2", oval, uaddr, oparg, Efault); break; case FUTEX_OP_ADD: unsafe_atomic_op1(LOCK_PREFIX "xaddl %0, %2", oval, uaddr, oparg, Efault); break; case FUTEX_OP_OR: unsafe_atomic_op2("orl %4, %3", oval, uaddr, oparg, Efault); break; case FUTEX_OP_ANDN: unsafe_atomic_op2("andl %4, %3", oval, uaddr, ~oparg, Efault); break; case FUTEX_OP_XOR: unsafe_atomic_op2("xorl %4, %3", oval, uaddr, oparg, Efault); break; default: user_access_end(); return -ENOSYS; } user_access_end(); return 0; Efault: user_access_end(); return -EFAULT; } static inline int futex_atomic_cmpxchg_inatomic(u32 *uval, u32 __user *uaddr, u32 oldval, u32 newval) { int ret = 0; if (!user_access_begin(uaddr, sizeof(u32))) return -EFAULT; asm volatile("\n" "1:\t" LOCK_PREFIX "cmpxchgl %4, %2\n" "2:\n" "\t.section .fixup, \"ax\"\n" "3:\tmov %3, %0\n" "\tjmp 2b\n" "\t.previous\n" _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 3b) : "+r" (ret), "=a" (oldval), "+m" (*uaddr) : "i" (-EFAULT), "r" (newval), "1" (oldval) : "memory" ); user_access_end(); *uval = oldval; return ret; } #endif #endif /* _ASM_X86_FUTEX_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * bvec iterator * * Copyright (C) 2001 Ming Lei <ming.lei@canonical.com> */ #ifndef __LINUX_BVEC_ITER_H #define __LINUX_BVEC_ITER_H #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/limits.h> #include <linux/minmax.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/types.h> struct page; /** * struct bio_vec - a contiguous range of physical memory addresses * @bv_page: First page associated with the address range. * @bv_len: Number of bytes in the address range. * @bv_offset: Start of the address range relative to the start of @bv_page. * * The following holds for a bvec if n * PAGE_SIZE < bv_offset + bv_len: * * nth_page(@bv_page, n) == @bv_page + n * * This holds because page_is_mergeable() checks the above property. */ struct bio_vec { struct page *bv_page; unsigned int bv_len; unsigned int bv_offset; }; struct bvec_iter { sector_t bi_sector; /* device address in 512 byte sectors */ unsigned int bi_size; /* residual I/O count */ unsigned int bi_idx; /* current index into bvl_vec */ unsigned int bi_bvec_done; /* number of bytes completed in current bvec */ }; struct bvec_iter_all { struct bio_vec bv; int idx; unsigned done; }; /* * various member access, note that bio_data should of course not be used * on highmem page vectors */ #define __bvec_iter_bvec(bvec, iter) (&(bvec)[(iter).bi_idx]) /* multi-page (mp_bvec) helpers */ #define mp_bvec_iter_page(bvec, iter) \ (__bvec_iter_bvec((bvec), (iter))->bv_page) #define mp_bvec_iter_len(bvec, iter) \ min((iter).bi_size, \ __bvec_iter_bvec((bvec), (iter))->bv_len - (iter).bi_bvec_done) #define mp_bvec_iter_offset(bvec, iter) \ (__bvec_iter_bvec((bvec), (iter))->bv_offset + (iter).bi_bvec_done) #define mp_bvec_iter_page_idx(bvec, iter) \ (mp_bvec_iter_offset((bvec), (iter)) / PAGE_SIZE) #define mp_bvec_iter_bvec(bvec, iter) \ ((struct bio_vec) { \ .bv_page = mp_bvec_iter_page((bvec), (iter)), \ .bv_len = mp_bvec_iter_len((bvec), (iter)), \ .bv_offset = mp_bvec_iter_offset((bvec), (iter)), \ }) /* For building single-page bvec in flight */ #define bvec_iter_offset(bvec, iter) \ (mp_bvec_iter_offset((bvec), (iter)) % PAGE_SIZE) #define bvec_iter_len(bvec, iter) \ min_t(unsigned, mp_bvec_iter_len((bvec), (iter)), \ PAGE_SIZE - bvec_iter_offset((bvec), (iter))) #define bvec_iter_page(bvec, iter) \ (mp_bvec_iter_page((bvec), (iter)) + \ mp_bvec_iter_page_idx((bvec), (iter))) #define bvec_iter_bvec(bvec, iter) \ ((struct bio_vec) { \ .bv_page = bvec_iter_page((bvec), (iter)), \ .bv_len = bvec_iter_len((bvec), (iter)), \ .bv_offset = bvec_iter_offset((bvec), (iter)), \ }) static inline bool bvec_iter_advance(const struct bio_vec *bv, struct bvec_iter *iter, unsigned bytes) { unsigned int idx = iter->bi_idx; if (WARN_ONCE(bytes > iter->bi_size, "Attempted to advance past end of bvec iter\n")) { iter->bi_size = 0; return false; } iter->bi_size -= bytes; bytes += iter->bi_bvec_done; while (bytes && bytes >= bv[idx].bv_len) { bytes -= bv[idx].bv_len; idx++; } iter->bi_idx = idx; iter->bi_bvec_done = bytes; return true; } static inline void bvec_iter_skip_zero_bvec(struct bvec_iter *iter) { iter->bi_bvec_done = 0; iter->bi_idx++; } #define for_each_bvec(bvl, bio_vec, iter, start) \ for (iter = (start); \ (iter).bi_size && \ ((bvl = bvec_iter_bvec((bio_vec), (iter))), 1); \ (bvl).bv_len ? (void)bvec_iter_advance((bio_vec), &(iter), \ (bvl).bv_len) : bvec_iter_skip_zero_bvec(&(iter))) /* for iterating one bio from start to end */ #define BVEC_ITER_ALL_INIT (struct bvec_iter) \ { \ .bi_sector = 0, \ .bi_size = UINT_MAX, \ .bi_idx = 0, \ .bi_bvec_done = 0, \ } static inline struct bio_vec *bvec_init_iter_all(struct bvec_iter_all *iter_all) { iter_all->done = 0; iter_all->idx = 0; return &iter_all->bv; } static inline void bvec_advance(const struct bio_vec *bvec, struct bvec_iter_all *iter_all) { struct bio_vec *bv = &iter_all->bv; if (iter_all->done) { bv->bv_page++; bv->bv_offset = 0; } else { bv->bv_page = bvec->bv_page + (bvec->bv_offset >> PAGE_SHIFT); bv->bv_offset = bvec->bv_offset & ~PAGE_MASK; } bv->bv_len = min_t(unsigned int, PAGE_SIZE - bv->bv_offset, bvec->bv_len - iter_all->done); iter_all->done += bv->bv_len; if (iter_all->done == bvec->bv_len) { iter_all->idx++; iter_all->done = 0; } } #endif /* __LINUX_BVEC_ITER_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Definitions for the ICMP module. * * Version: @(#)icmp.h 1.0.4 05/13/93 * * Authors: Ross Biro * Fred N. van Kempen, <waltje@uWalt.NL.Mugnet.ORG> */ #ifndef _ICMP_H #define _ICMP_H #include <linux/icmp.h> #include <net/inet_sock.h> #include <net/snmp.h> #include <net/ip.h> struct icmp_err { int errno; unsigned int fatal:1; }; extern const struct icmp_err icmp_err_convert[]; #define ICMP_INC_STATS(net, field) SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.icmp_statistics, field) #define __ICMP_INC_STATS(net, field) __SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.icmp_statistics, field) #define ICMPMSGOUT_INC_STATS(net, field) SNMP_INC_STATS_ATOMIC_LONG((net)->mib.icmpmsg_statistics, field+256) #define ICMPMSGIN_INC_STATS(net, field) SNMP_INC_STATS_ATOMIC_LONG((net)->mib.icmpmsg_statistics, field) struct dst_entry; struct net_proto_family; struct sk_buff; struct net; void __icmp_send(struct sk_buff *skb_in, int type, int code, __be32 info, const struct ip_options *opt); static inline void icmp_send(struct sk_buff *skb_in, int type, int code, __be32 info) { __icmp_send(skb_in, type, code, info, &IPCB(skb_in)->opt); } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_NAT) void icmp_ndo_send(struct sk_buff *skb_in, int type, int code, __be32 info); #else static inline void icmp_ndo_send(struct sk_buff *skb_in, int type, int code, __be32 info) { struct ip_options opts = { 0 }; __icmp_send(skb_in, type, code, info, &opts); } #endif int icmp_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb); int icmp_err(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 info); int icmp_init(void); void icmp_out_count(struct net *net, unsigned char type); #endif /* _ICMP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_CLEANCACHE_H #define _LINUX_CLEANCACHE_H #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/exportfs.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #define CLEANCACHE_NO_POOL -1 #define CLEANCACHE_NO_BACKEND -2 #define CLEANCACHE_NO_BACKEND_SHARED -3 #define CLEANCACHE_KEY_MAX 6 /* * cleancache requires every file with a page in cleancache to have a * unique key unless/until the file is removed/truncated. For some * filesystems, the inode number is unique, but for "modern" filesystems * an exportable filehandle is required (see exportfs.h) */ struct cleancache_filekey { union { ino_t ino; __u32 fh[CLEANCACHE_KEY_MAX]; u32 key[CLEANCACHE_KEY_MAX]; } u; }; struct cleancache_ops { int (*init_fs)(size_t); int (*init_shared_fs)(uuid_t *uuid, size_t); int (*get_page)(int, struct cleancache_filekey, pgoff_t, struct page *); void (*put_page)(int, struct cleancache_filekey, pgoff_t, struct page *); void (*invalidate_page)(int, struct cleancache_filekey, pgoff_t); void (*invalidate_inode)(int, struct cleancache_filekey); void (*invalidate_fs)(int); }; extern int cleancache_register_ops(const struct cleancache_ops *ops); extern void __cleancache_init_fs(struct super_block *); extern void __cleancache_init_shared_fs(struct super_block *); extern int __cleancache_get_page(struct page *); extern void __cleancache_put_page(struct page *); extern void __cleancache_invalidate_page(struct address_space *, struct page *); extern void __cleancache_invalidate_inode(struct address_space *); extern void __cleancache_invalidate_fs(struct super_block *); #ifdef CONFIG_CLEANCACHE #define cleancache_enabled (1) static inline bool cleancache_fs_enabled_mapping(struct address_space *mapping) { return mapping->host->i_sb->cleancache_poolid >= 0; } static inline bool cleancache_fs_enabled(struct page *page) { return cleancache_fs_enabled_mapping(page->mapping); } #else #define cleancache_enabled (0) #define cleancache_fs_enabled(_page) (0) #define cleancache_fs_enabled_mapping(_page) (0) #endif /* * The shim layer provided by these inline functions allows the compiler * to reduce all cleancache hooks to nothingness if CONFIG_CLEANCACHE * is disabled, to a single global variable check if CONFIG_CLEANCACHE * is enabled but no cleancache "backend" has dynamically enabled it, * and, for the most frequent cleancache ops, to a single global variable * check plus a superblock element comparison if CONFIG_CLEANCACHE is enabled * and a cleancache backend has dynamically enabled cleancache, but the * filesystem referenced by that cleancache op has not enabled cleancache. * As a result, CONFIG_CLEANCACHE can be enabled by default with essentially * no measurable performance impact. */ static inline void cleancache_init_fs(struct super_block *sb) { if (cleancache_enabled) __cleancache_init_fs(sb); } static inline void cleancache_init_shared_fs(struct super_block *sb) { if (cleancache_enabled) __cleancache_init_shared_fs(sb); } static inline int cleancache_get_page(struct page *page) { if (cleancache_enabled && cleancache_fs_enabled(page)) return __cleancache_get_page(page); return -1; } static inline void cleancache_put_page(struct page *page) { if (cleancache_enabled && cleancache_fs_enabled(page)) __cleancache_put_page(page); } static inline void cleancache_invalidate_page(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page) { /* careful... page->mapping is NULL sometimes when this is called */ if (cleancache_enabled && cleancache_fs_enabled_mapping(mapping)) __cleancache_invalidate_page(mapping, page); } static inline void cleancache_invalidate_inode(struct address_space *mapping) { if (cleancache_enabled && cleancache_fs_enabled_mapping(mapping)) __cleancache_invalidate_inode(mapping); } static inline void cleancache_invalidate_fs(struct super_block *sb) { if (cleancache_enabled) __cleancache_invalidate_fs(sb); } #endif /* _LINUX_CLEANCACHE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef LINUX_KEXEC_H #define LINUX_KEXEC_H #define IND_DESTINATION_BIT 0 #define IND_INDIRECTION_BIT 1 #define IND_DONE_BIT 2 #define IND_SOURCE_BIT 3 #define IND_DESTINATION (1 << IND_DESTINATION_BIT) #define IND_INDIRECTION (1 << IND_INDIRECTION_BIT) #define IND_DONE (1 << IND_DONE_BIT) #define IND_SOURCE (1 << IND_SOURCE_BIT) #define IND_FLAGS (IND_DESTINATION | IND_INDIRECTION | IND_DONE | IND_SOURCE) #if !defined(__ASSEMBLY__) #include <linux/crash_core.h> #include <asm/io.h> #include <uapi/linux/kexec.h> #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/compat.h> #include <linux/ioport.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <asm/kexec.h> /* Verify architecture specific macros are defined */ #ifndef KEXEC_SOURCE_MEMORY_LIMIT #error KEXEC_SOURCE_MEMORY_LIMIT not defined #endif #ifndef KEXEC_DESTINATION_MEMORY_LIMIT #error KEXEC_DESTINATION_MEMORY_LIMIT not defined #endif #ifndef KEXEC_CONTROL_MEMORY_LIMIT #error KEXEC_CONTROL_MEMORY_LIMIT not defined #endif #ifndef KEXEC_CONTROL_MEMORY_GFP #define KEXEC_CONTROL_MEMORY_GFP (GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NORETRY) #endif #ifndef KEXEC_CONTROL_PAGE_SIZE #error KEXEC_CONTROL_PAGE_SIZE not defined #endif #ifndef KEXEC_ARCH #error KEXEC_ARCH not defined #endif #ifndef KEXEC_CRASH_CONTROL_MEMORY_LIMIT #define KEXEC_CRASH_CONTROL_MEMORY_LIMIT KEXEC_CONTROL_MEMORY_LIMIT #endif #ifndef KEXEC_CRASH_MEM_ALIGN #define KEXEC_CRASH_MEM_ALIGN PAGE_SIZE #endif #define KEXEC_CORE_NOTE_NAME CRASH_CORE_NOTE_NAME /* * This structure is used to hold the arguments that are used when loading * kernel binaries. */ typedef unsigned long kimage_entry_t; struct kexec_segment { /* * This pointer can point to user memory if kexec_load() system * call is used or will point to kernel memory if * kexec_file_load() system call is used. * * Use ->buf when expecting to deal with user memory and use ->kbuf * when expecting to deal with kernel memory. */ union { void __user *buf; void *kbuf; }; size_t bufsz; unsigned long mem; size_t memsz; }; #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT struct compat_kexec_segment { compat_uptr_t buf; compat_size_t bufsz; compat_ulong_t mem; /* User space sees this as a (void *) ... */ compat_size_t memsz; }; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_FILE struct purgatory_info { /* * Pointer to elf header at the beginning of kexec_purgatory. * Note: kexec_purgatory is read only */ const Elf_Ehdr *ehdr; /* * Temporary, modifiable buffer for sechdrs used for relocation. * This memory can be freed post image load. */ Elf_Shdr *sechdrs; /* * Temporary, modifiable buffer for stripped purgatory used for * relocation. This memory can be freed post image load. */ void *purgatory_buf; }; struct kimage; typedef int (kexec_probe_t)(const char *kernel_buf, unsigned long kernel_size); typedef void *(kexec_load_t)(struct kimage *image, char *kernel_buf, unsigned long kernel_len, char *initrd, unsigned long initrd_len, char *cmdline, unsigned long cmdline_len); typedef int (kexec_cleanup_t)(void *loader_data); #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_SIG typedef int (kexec_verify_sig_t)(const char *kernel_buf, unsigned long kernel_len); #endif struct kexec_file_ops { kexec_probe_t *probe; kexec_load_t *load; kexec_cleanup_t *cleanup; #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_SIG kexec_verify_sig_t *verify_sig; #endif }; extern const struct kexec_file_ops * const kexec_file_loaders[]; int kexec_image_probe_default(struct kimage *image, void *buf, unsigned long buf_len); int kexec_image_post_load_cleanup_default(struct kimage *image); /* * If kexec_buf.mem is set to this value, kexec_locate_mem_hole() * will try to allocate free memory. Arch may overwrite it. */ #ifndef KEXEC_BUF_MEM_UNKNOWN #define KEXEC_BUF_MEM_UNKNOWN 0 #endif /** * struct kexec_buf - parameters for finding a place for a buffer in memory * @image: kexec image in which memory to search. * @buffer: Contents which will be copied to the allocated memory. * @bufsz: Size of @buffer. * @mem: On return will have address of the buffer in memory. * @memsz: Size for the buffer in memory. * @buf_align: Minimum alignment needed. * @buf_min: The buffer can't be placed below this address. * @buf_max: The buffer can't be placed above this address. * @top_down: Allocate from top of memory. */ struct kexec_buf { struct kimage *image; void *buffer; unsigned long bufsz; unsigned long mem; unsigned long memsz; unsigned long buf_align; unsigned long buf_min; unsigned long buf_max; bool top_down; }; int kexec_load_purgatory(struct kimage *image, struct kexec_buf *kbuf); int kexec_purgatory_get_set_symbol(struct kimage *image, const char *name, void *buf, unsigned int size, bool get_value); void *kexec_purgatory_get_symbol_addr(struct kimage *image, const char *name); /* Architectures may override the below functions */ int arch_kexec_kernel_image_probe(struct kimage *image, void *buf, unsigned long buf_len); void *arch_kexec_kernel_image_load(struct kimage *image); int arch_kexec_apply_relocations_add(struct purgatory_info *pi, Elf_Shdr *section, const Elf_Shdr *relsec, const Elf_Shdr *symtab); int arch_kexec_apply_relocations(struct purgatory_info *pi, Elf_Shdr *section, const Elf_Shdr *relsec, const Elf_Shdr *symtab); int arch_kimage_file_post_load_cleanup(struct kimage *image); #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_SIG int arch_kexec_kernel_verify_sig(struct kimage *image, void *buf, unsigned long buf_len); #endif int arch_kexec_locate_mem_hole(struct kexec_buf *kbuf); extern int kexec_add_buffer(struct kexec_buf *kbuf); int kexec_locate_mem_hole(struct kexec_buf *kbuf); /* Alignment required for elf header segment */ #define ELF_CORE_HEADER_ALIGN 4096 struct crash_mem_range { u64 start, end; }; struct crash_mem { unsigned int max_nr_ranges; unsigned int nr_ranges; struct crash_mem_range ranges[]; }; extern int crash_exclude_mem_range(struct crash_mem *mem, unsigned long long mstart, unsigned long long mend); extern int crash_prepare_elf64_headers(struct crash_mem *mem, int kernel_map, void **addr, unsigned long *sz); #endif /* CONFIG_KEXEC_FILE */ #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_ELF struct kexec_elf_info { /* * Where the ELF binary contents are kept. * Memory managed by the user of the struct. */ const char *buffer; const struct elfhdr *ehdr; const struct elf_phdr *proghdrs; }; int kexec_build_elf_info(const char *buf, size_t len, struct elfhdr *ehdr, struct kexec_elf_info *elf_info); int kexec_elf_load(struct kimage *image, struct elfhdr *ehdr, struct kexec_elf_info *elf_info, struct kexec_buf *kbuf, unsigned long *lowest_load_addr); void kexec_free_elf_info(struct kexec_elf_info *elf_info); int kexec_elf_probe(const char *buf, unsigned long len); #endif struct kimage { kimage_entry_t head; kimage_entry_t *entry; kimage_entry_t *last_entry; unsigned long start; struct page *control_code_page; struct page *swap_page; void *vmcoreinfo_data_copy; /* locates in the crash memory */ unsigned long nr_segments; struct kexec_segment segment[KEXEC_SEGMENT_MAX]; struct list_head control_pages; struct list_head dest_pages; struct list_head unusable_pages; /* Address of next control page to allocate for crash kernels. */ unsigned long control_page; /* Flags to indicate special processing */ unsigned int type : 1; #define KEXEC_TYPE_DEFAULT 0 #define KEXEC_TYPE_CRASH 1 unsigned int preserve_context : 1; /* If set, we are using file mode kexec syscall */ unsigned int file_mode:1; #ifdef ARCH_HAS_KIMAGE_ARCH struct kimage_arch arch; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_FILE /* Additional fields for file based kexec syscall */ void *kernel_buf; unsigned long kernel_buf_len; void *initrd_buf; unsigned long initrd_buf_len; char *cmdline_buf; unsigned long cmdline_buf_len; /* File operations provided by image loader */ const struct kexec_file_ops *fops; /* Image loader handling the kernel can store a pointer here */ void *image_loader_data; /* Information for loading purgatory */ struct purgatory_info purgatory_info; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_IMA_KEXEC /* Virtual address of IMA measurement buffer for kexec syscall */ void *ima_buffer; #endif }; /* kexec interface functions */ extern void machine_kexec(struct kimage *image); extern int machine_kexec_prepare(struct kimage *image); extern void machine_kexec_cleanup(struct kimage *image); extern int kernel_kexec(void); extern struct page *kimage_alloc_control_pages(struct kimage *image, unsigned int order); extern void __crash_kexec(struct pt_regs *); extern void crash_kexec(struct pt_regs *); int kexec_should_crash(struct task_struct *); int kexec_crash_loaded(void); void crash_save_cpu(struct pt_regs *regs, int cpu); extern int kimage_crash_copy_vmcoreinfo(struct kimage *image); extern struct kimage *kexec_image; extern struct kimage *kexec_crash_image; extern int kexec_load_disabled; #ifndef kexec_flush_icache_page #define kexec_flush_icache_page(page) #endif /* List of defined/legal kexec flags */ #ifndef CONFIG_KEXEC_JUMP #define KEXEC_FLAGS KEXEC_ON_CRASH #else #define KEXEC_FLAGS (KEXEC_ON_CRASH | KEXEC_PRESERVE_CONTEXT) #endif /* List of defined/legal kexec file flags */ #define KEXEC_FILE_FLAGS (KEXEC_FILE_UNLOAD | KEXEC_FILE_ON_CRASH | \ KEXEC_FILE_NO_INITRAMFS) /* Location of a reserved region to hold the crash kernel. */ extern struct resource crashk_res; extern struct resource crashk_low_res; extern note_buf_t __percpu *crash_notes; /* flag to track if kexec reboot is in progress */ extern bool kexec_in_progress; int crash_shrink_memory(unsigned long new_size); size_t crash_get_memory_size(void); void crash_free_reserved_phys_range(unsigned long begin, unsigned long end); void arch_kexec_protect_crashkres(void); void arch_kexec_unprotect_crashkres(void); #ifndef page_to_boot_pfn static inline unsigned long page_to_boot_pfn(struct page *page) { return page_to_pfn(page); } #endif #ifndef boot_pfn_to_page static inline struct page *boot_pfn_to_page(unsigned long boot_pfn) { return pfn_to_page(boot_pfn); } #endif #ifndef phys_to_boot_phys static inline unsigned long phys_to_boot_phys(phys_addr_t phys) { return phys; } #endif #ifndef boot_phys_to_phys static inline phys_addr_t boot_phys_to_phys(unsigned long boot_phys) { return boot_phys; } #endif static inline unsigned long virt_to_boot_phys(void *addr) { return phys_to_boot_phys(__pa((unsigned long)addr)); } static inline void *boot_phys_to_virt(unsigned long entry) { return phys_to_virt(boot_phys_to_phys(entry)); } #ifndef arch_kexec_post_alloc_pages static inline int arch_kexec_post_alloc_pages(void *vaddr, unsigned int pages, gfp_t gfp) { return 0; } #endif #ifndef arch_kexec_pre_free_pages static inline void arch_kexec_pre_free_pages(void *vaddr, unsigned int pages) { } #endif #else /* !CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE */ struct pt_regs; struct task_struct; static inline void __crash_kexec(struct pt_regs *regs) { } static inline void crash_kexec(struct pt_regs *regs) { } static inline int kexec_should_crash(struct task_struct *p) { return 0; } static inline int kexec_crash_loaded(void) { return 0; } #define kexec_in_progress false #endif /* CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE */ #endif /* !defined(__ASSEBMLY__) */ #endif /* LINUX_KEXEC_H */
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/fs/file_table.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds * Copyright (C) 1997 David S. Miller (davem@caip.rutgers.edu) */ #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/fdtable.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/cred.h> #include <linux/eventpoll.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/cdev.h> #include <linux/fsnotify.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/percpu_counter.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/task_work.h> #include <linux/ima.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include "internal.h" /* sysctl tunables... */ struct files_stat_struct files_stat = { .max_files = NR_FILE }; /* SLAB cache for file structures */ static struct kmem_cache *filp_cachep __read_mostly; static struct percpu_counter nr_files __cacheline_aligned_in_smp; static void file_free_rcu(struct rcu_head *head) { struct file *f = container_of(head, struct file, f_u.fu_rcuhead); put_cred(f->f_cred); kmem_cache_free(filp_cachep, f); } static inline void file_free(struct file *f) { security_file_free(f); if (!(f->f_mode & FMODE_NOACCOUNT)) percpu_counter_dec(&nr_files); call_rcu(&f->f_u.fu_rcuhead, file_free_rcu); } /* * Return the total number of open files in the system */ static long get_nr_files(void) { return percpu_counter_read_positive(&nr_files); } /* * Return the maximum number of open files in the system */ unsigned long get_max_files(void) { return files_stat.max_files; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_max_files); /* * Handle nr_files sysctl */ #if defined(CONFIG_SYSCTL) && defined(CONFIG_PROC_FS) int proc_nr_files(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { files_stat.nr_files = get_nr_files(); return proc_doulongvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos); } #else int proc_nr_files(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { return -ENOSYS; } #endif static struct file *__alloc_file(int flags, const struct cred *cred) { struct file *f; int error; f = kmem_cache_zalloc(filp_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (unlikely(!f)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); f->f_cred = get_cred(cred); error = security_file_alloc(f); if (unlikely(error)) { file_free_rcu(&f->f_u.fu_rcuhead); return ERR_PTR(error); } atomic_long_set(&f->f_count, 1); rwlock_init(&f->f_owner.lock); spin_lock_init(&f->f_lock); mutex_init(&f->f_pos_lock); eventpoll_init_file(f); f->f_flags = flags; f->f_mode = OPEN_FMODE(flags); /* f->f_version: 0 */ return f; } /* Find an unused file structure and return a pointer to it. * Returns an error pointer if some error happend e.g. we over file * structures limit, run out of memory or operation is not permitted. * * Be very careful using this. You are responsible for * getting write access to any mount that you might assign * to this filp, if it is opened for write. If this is not * done, you will imbalance int the mount's writer count * and a warning at __fput() time. */ struct file *alloc_empty_file(int flags, const struct cred *cred) { static long old_max; struct file *f; /* * Privileged users can go above max_files */ if (get_nr_files() >= files_stat.max_files && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) { /* * percpu_counters are inaccurate. Do an expensive check before * we go and fail. */ if (percpu_counter_sum_positive(&nr_files) >= files_stat.max_files) goto over; } f = __alloc_file(flags, cred); if (!IS_ERR(f)) percpu_counter_inc(&nr_files); return f; over: /* Ran out of filps - report that */ if (get_nr_files() > old_max) { pr_info("VFS: file-max limit %lu reached\n", get_max_files()); old_max = get_nr_files(); } return ERR_PTR(-ENFILE); } /* * Variant of alloc_empty_file() that doesn't check and modify nr_files. * * Should not be used unless there's a very good reason to do so. */ struct file *alloc_empty_file_noaccount(int flags, const struct cred *cred) { struct file *f = __alloc_file(flags, cred); if (!IS_ERR(f)) f->f_mode |= FMODE_NOACCOUNT; return f; } /** * alloc_file - allocate and initialize a 'struct file' * * @path: the (dentry, vfsmount) pair for the new file * @flags: O_... flags with which the new file will be opened * @fop: the 'struct file_operations' for the new file */ static struct file *alloc_file(const struct path *path, int flags, const struct file_operations *fop) { struct file *file; file = alloc_empty_file(flags, current_cred()); if (IS_ERR(file)) return file; file->f_path = *path; file->f_inode = path->dentry->d_inode; file->f_mapping = path->dentry->d_inode->i_mapping; file->f_wb_err = filemap_sample_wb_err(file->f_mapping); file->f_sb_err = file_sample_sb_err(file); if ((file->f_mode & FMODE_READ) && likely(fop->read || fop->read_iter)) file->f_mode |= FMODE_CAN_READ; if ((file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE) && likely(fop->write || fop->write_iter)) file->f_mode |= FMODE_CAN_WRITE; file->f_mode |= FMODE_OPENED; file->f_op = fop; if ((file->f_mode & (FMODE_READ | FMODE_WRITE)) == FMODE_READ) i_readcount_inc(path->dentry->d_inode); return file; } struct file *alloc_file_pseudo(struct inode *inode, struct vfsmount *mnt, const char *name, int flags, const struct file_operations *fops) { static const struct dentry_operations anon_ops = { .d_dname = simple_dname }; struct qstr this = QSTR_INIT(name, strlen(name)); struct path path; struct file *file; path.dentry = d_alloc_pseudo(mnt->mnt_sb, &this); if (!path.dentry) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (!mnt->mnt_sb->s_d_op) d_set_d_op(path.dentry, &anon_ops); path.mnt = mntget(mnt); d_instantiate(path.dentry, inode); file = alloc_file(&path, flags, fops); if (IS_ERR(file)) { ihold(inode); path_put(&path); } return file; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(alloc_file_pseudo); struct file *alloc_file_clone(struct file *base, int flags, const struct file_operations *fops) { struct file *f = alloc_file(&base->f_path, flags, fops); if (!IS_ERR(f)) { path_get(&f->f_path); f->f_mapping = base->f_mapping; } return f; } /* the real guts of fput() - releasing the last reference to file */ static void __fput(struct file *file) { struct dentry *dentry = file->f_path.dentry; struct vfsmount *mnt = file->f_path.mnt; struct inode *inode = file->f_inode; fmode_t mode = file->f_mode; if (unlikely(!(file->f_mode & FMODE_OPENED))) goto out; might_sleep(); fsnotify_close(file); /* * The function eventpoll_release() should be the first called * in the file cleanup chain. */ eventpoll_release(file); locks_remove_file(file); ima_file_free(file); if (unlikely(file->f_flags & FASYNC)) { if (file->f_op->fasync) file->f_op->fasync(-1, file, 0); } if (file->f_op->release) file->f_op->release(inode, file); if (unlikely(S_ISCHR(inode->i_mode) && inode->i_cdev != NULL && !(mode & FMODE_PATH))) { cdev_put(inode->i_cdev); } fops_put(file->f_op); put_pid(file->f_owner.pid); if ((mode & (FMODE_READ | FMODE_WRITE)) == FMODE_READ) i_readcount_dec(inode); if (mode & FMODE_WRITER) { put_write_access(inode); __mnt_drop_write(mnt); } dput(dentry); if (unlikely(mode & FMODE_NEED_UNMOUNT)) dissolve_on_fput(mnt); mntput(mnt); out: file_free(file); } static LLIST_HEAD(delayed_fput_list); static void delayed_fput(struct work_struct *unused) { struct llist_node *node = llist_del_all(&delayed_fput_list); struct file *f, *t; llist_for_each_entry_safe(f, t, node, f_u.fu_llist) __fput(f); } static void ____fput(struct callback_head *work) { __fput(container_of(work, struct file, f_u.fu_rcuhead)); } /* * If kernel thread really needs to have the final fput() it has done * to complete, call this. The only user right now is the boot - we * *do* need to make sure our writes to binaries on initramfs has * not left us with opened struct file waiting for __fput() - execve() * won't work without that. Please, don't add more callers without * very good reasons; in particular, never call that with locks * held and never call that from a thread that might need to do * some work on any kind of umount. */ void flush_delayed_fput(void) { delayed_fput(NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(flush_delayed_fput); static DECLARE_DELAYED_WORK(delayed_fput_work, delayed_fput); void fput_many(struct file *file, unsigned int refs) { if (atomic_long_sub_and_test(refs, &file->f_count)) { struct task_struct *task = current; if (likely(!in_interrupt() && !(task->flags & PF_KTHREAD))) { init_task_work(&file->f_u.fu_rcuhead, ____fput); if (!task_work_add(task, &file->f_u.fu_rcuhead, TWA_RESUME)) return; /* * After this task has run exit_task_work(), * task_work_add() will fail. Fall through to delayed * fput to avoid leaking *file. */ } if (llist_add(&file->f_u.fu_llist, &delayed_fput_list)) schedule_delayed_work(&delayed_fput_work, 1); } } void fput(struct file *file) { fput_many(file, 1); } /* * synchronous analog of fput(); for kernel threads that might be needed * in some umount() (and thus can't use flush_delayed_fput() without * risking deadlocks), need to wait for completion of __fput() and know * for this specific struct file it won't involve anything that would * need them. Use only if you really need it - at the very least, * don't blindly convert fput() by kernel thread to that. */ void __fput_sync(struct file *file) { if (atomic_long_dec_and_test(&file->f_count)) { struct task_struct *task = current; BUG_ON(!(task->flags & PF_KTHREAD)); __fput(file); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(fput); void __init files_init(void) { filp_cachep = kmem_cache_create("filp", sizeof(struct file), 0, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN | SLAB_PANIC | SLAB_ACCOUNT, NULL); percpu_counter_init(&nr_files, 0, GFP_KERNEL); } /* * One file with associated inode and dcache is very roughly 1K. Per default * do not use more than 10% of our memory for files. */ void __init files_maxfiles_init(void) { unsigned long n; unsigned long nr_pages = totalram_pages(); unsigned long memreserve = (nr_pages - nr_free_pages()) * 3/2; memreserve = min(memreserve, nr_pages - 1); n = ((nr_pages - memreserve) * (PAGE_SIZE / 1024)) / 10; files_stat.max_files = max_t(unsigned long, n, NR_FILE); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_INSN_H #define _ASM_X86_INSN_H /* * x86 instruction analysis * * Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2009 */ /* insn_attr_t is defined in inat.h */ #include <asm/inat.h> struct insn_field { union { insn_value_t value; insn_byte_t bytes[4]; }; /* !0 if we've run insn_get_xxx() for this field */ unsigned char got; unsigned char nbytes; }; struct insn { struct insn_field prefixes; /* * Prefixes * prefixes.bytes[3]: last prefix */ struct insn_field rex_prefix; /* REX prefix */ struct insn_field vex_prefix; /* VEX prefix */ struct insn_field opcode; /* * opcode.bytes[0]: opcode1 * opcode.bytes[1]: opcode2 * opcode.bytes[2]: opcode3 */ struct insn_field modrm; struct insn_field sib; struct insn_field displacement; union { struct insn_field immediate; struct insn_field moffset1; /* for 64bit MOV */ struct insn_field immediate1; /* for 64bit imm or off16/32 */ }; union { struct insn_field moffset2; /* for 64bit MOV */ struct insn_field immediate2; /* for 64bit imm or seg16 */ }; int emulate_prefix_size; insn_attr_t attr; unsigned char opnd_bytes; unsigned char addr_bytes; unsigned char length; unsigned char x86_64; const insn_byte_t *kaddr; /* kernel address of insn to analyze */ const insn_byte_t *end_kaddr; /* kernel address of last insn in buffer */ const insn_byte_t *next_byte; }; #define MAX_INSN_SIZE 15 #define X86_MODRM_MOD(modrm) (((modrm) & 0xc0) >> 6) #define X86_MODRM_REG(modrm) (((modrm) & 0x38) >> 3) #define X86_MODRM_RM(modrm) ((modrm) & 0x07) #define X86_SIB_SCALE(sib) (((sib) & 0xc0) >> 6) #define X86_SIB_INDEX(sib) (((sib) & 0x38) >> 3) #define X86_SIB_BASE(sib) ((sib) & 0x07) #define X86_REX_W(rex) ((rex) & 8) #define X86_REX_R(rex) ((rex) & 4) #define X86_REX_X(rex) ((rex) & 2) #define X86_REX_B(rex) ((rex) & 1) /* VEX bit flags */ #define X86_VEX_W(vex) ((vex) & 0x80) /* VEX3 Byte2 */ #define X86_VEX_R(vex) ((vex) &