1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef RQ_QOS_H #define RQ_QOS_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/blk_types.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/blk-mq.h> #include "blk-mq-debugfs.h" struct blk_mq_debugfs_attr; enum rq_qos_id { RQ_QOS_WBT, RQ_QOS_LATENCY, RQ_QOS_COST, }; struct rq_wait { wait_queue_head_t wait; atomic_t inflight; }; struct rq_qos { struct rq_qos_ops *ops; struct request_queue *q; enum rq_qos_id id; struct rq_qos *next; #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEBUG_FS struct dentry *debugfs_dir; #endif }; struct rq_qos_ops { void (*throttle)(struct rq_qos *, struct bio *); void (*track)(struct rq_qos *, struct request *, struct bio *); void (*merge)(struct rq_qos *, struct request *, struct bio *); void (*issue)(struct rq_qos *, struct request *); void (*requeue)(struct rq_qos *, struct request *); void (*done)(struct rq_qos *, struct request *); void (*done_bio)(struct rq_qos *, struct bio *); void (*cleanup)(struct rq_qos *, struct bio *); void (*queue_depth_changed)(struct rq_qos *); void (*exit)(struct rq_qos *); const struct blk_mq_debugfs_attr *debugfs_attrs; }; struct rq_depth { unsigned int max_depth; int scale_step; bool scaled_max; unsigned int queue_depth; unsigned int default_depth; }; static inline struct rq_qos *rq_qos_id(struct request_queue *q, enum rq_qos_id id) { struct rq_qos *rqos; for (rqos = q->rq_qos; rqos; rqos = rqos->next) { if (rqos->id == id) break; } return rqos; } static inline struct rq_qos *wbt_rq_qos(struct request_queue *q) { return rq_qos_id(q, RQ_QOS_WBT); } static inline struct rq_qos *blkcg_rq_qos(struct request_queue *q) { return rq_qos_id(q, RQ_QOS_LATENCY); } static inline const char *rq_qos_id_to_name(enum rq_qos_id id) { switch (id) { case RQ_QOS_WBT: return "wbt"; case RQ_QOS_LATENCY: return "latency"; case RQ_QOS_COST: return "cost"; } return "unknown"; } static inline void rq_wait_init(struct rq_wait *rq_wait) { atomic_set(&rq_wait->inflight, 0); init_waitqueue_head(&rq_wait->wait); } static inline void rq_qos_add(struct request_queue *q, struct rq_qos *rqos) { /* * No IO can be in-flight when adding rqos, so freeze queue, which * is fine since we only support rq_qos for blk-mq queue. * * Reuse ->queue_lock for protecting against other concurrent * rq_qos adding/deleting */ blk_mq_freeze_queue(q); spin_lock_irq(&q->queue_lock); rqos->next = q->rq_qos; q->rq_qos = rqos; spin_unlock_irq(&q->queue_lock); blk_mq_unfreeze_queue(q); if (rqos->ops->debugfs_attrs) blk_mq_debugfs_register_rqos(rqos); } static inline void rq_qos_del(struct request_queue *q, struct rq_qos *rqos) { struct rq_qos **cur; /* * See comment in rq_qos_add() about freezing queue & using * ->queue_lock. */ blk_mq_freeze_queue(q); spin_lock_irq(&q->queue_lock); for (cur = &q->rq_qos; *cur; cur = &(*cur)->next) { if (*cur == rqos) { *cur = rqos->next; break; } } spin_unlock_irq(&q->queue_lock); blk_mq_unfreeze_queue(q); blk_mq_debugfs_unregister_rqos(rqos); } typedef bool (acquire_inflight_cb_t)(struct rq_wait *rqw, void *private_data); typedef void (cleanup_cb_t)(struct rq_wait *rqw, void *private_data); void rq_qos_wait(struct rq_wait *rqw, void *private_data, acquire_inflight_cb_t *acquire_inflight_cb, cleanup_cb_t *cleanup_cb); bool rq_wait_inc_below(struct rq_wait *rq_wait, unsigned int limit); bool rq_depth_scale_up(struct rq_depth *rqd); bool rq_depth_scale_down(struct rq_depth *rqd, bool hard_throttle); bool rq_depth_calc_max_depth(struct rq_depth *rqd); void __rq_qos_cleanup(struct rq_qos *rqos, struct bio *bio); void __rq_qos_done(struct rq_qos *rqos, struct request *rq); void __rq_qos_issue(struct rq_qos *rqos, struct request *rq); void __rq_qos_requeue(struct rq_qos *rqos, struct request *rq); void __rq_qos_throttle(struct rq_qos *rqos, struct bio *bio); void __rq_qos_track(struct rq_qos *rqos, struct request *rq, struct bio *bio); void __rq_qos_merge(struct rq_qos *rqos, struct request *rq, struct bio *bio); void __rq_qos_done_bio(struct rq_qos *rqos, struct bio *bio); void __rq_qos_queue_depth_changed(struct rq_qos *rqos); static inline void rq_qos_cleanup(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio) { if (q->rq_qos) __rq_qos_cleanup(q->rq_qos, bio); } static inline void rq_qos_done(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq) { if (q->rq_qos) __rq_qos_done(q->rq_qos, rq); } static inline void rq_qos_issue(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq) { if (q->rq_qos) __rq_qos_issue(q->rq_qos, rq); } static inline void rq_qos_requeue(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq) { if (q->rq_qos) __rq_qos_requeue(q->rq_qos, rq); } static inline void rq_qos_done_bio(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio) { if (q->rq_qos) __rq_qos_done_bio(q->rq_qos, bio); } static inline void rq_qos_throttle(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio) { /* * BIO_TRACKED lets controllers know that a bio went through the * normal rq_qos path. */ bio_set_flag(bio, BIO_TRACKED); if (q->rq_qos) __rq_qos_throttle(q->rq_qos, bio); } static inline void rq_qos_track(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, struct bio *bio) { if (q->rq_qos) __rq_qos_track(q->rq_qos, rq, bio); } static inline void rq_qos_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, struct bio *bio) { if (q->rq_qos) __rq_qos_merge(q->rq_qos, rq, bio); } static inline void rq_qos_queue_depth_changed(struct request_queue *q) { if (q->rq_qos) __rq_qos_queue_depth_changed(q->rq_qos); } void rq_qos_exit(struct request_queue *); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * fs/kernfs/kernfs-internal.h - kernfs internal header file * * Copyright (c) 2001-3 Patrick Mochel * Copyright (c) 2007 SUSE Linux Products GmbH * Copyright (c) 2007, 2013 Tejun Heo <teheo@suse.de> */ #ifndef __KERNFS_INTERNAL_H #define __KERNFS_INTERNAL_H #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/xattr.h> #include <linux/kernfs.h> #include <linux/fs_context.h> struct kernfs_iattrs { kuid_t ia_uid; kgid_t ia_gid; struct timespec64 ia_atime; struct timespec64 ia_mtime; struct timespec64 ia_ctime; struct simple_xattrs xattrs; atomic_t nr_user_xattrs; atomic_t user_xattr_size; }; /* +1 to avoid triggering overflow warning when negating it */ #define KN_DEACTIVATED_BIAS (INT_MIN + 1) /* KERNFS_TYPE_MASK and types are defined in include/linux/kernfs.h */ /** * kernfs_root - find out the kernfs_root a kernfs_node belongs to * @kn: kernfs_node of interest * * Return the kernfs_root @kn belongs to. */ static inline struct kernfs_root *kernfs_root(struct kernfs_node *kn) { /* if parent exists, it's always a dir; otherwise, @sd is a dir */ if (kn->parent) kn = kn->parent; return kn->dir.root; } /* * mount.c */ struct kernfs_super_info { struct super_block *sb; /* * The root associated with this super_block. Each super_block is * identified by the root and ns it's associated with. */ struct kernfs_root *root; /* * Each sb is associated with one namespace tag, currently the * network namespace of the task which mounted this kernfs * instance. If multiple tags become necessary, make the following * an array and compare kernfs_node tag against every entry. */ const void *ns; /* anchored at kernfs_root->supers, protected by kernfs_mutex */ struct list_head node; }; #define kernfs_info(SB) ((struct kernfs_super_info *)(SB->s_fs_info)) static inline struct kernfs_node *kernfs_dentry_node(struct dentry *dentry) { if (d_really_is_negative(dentry)) return NULL; return d_inode(dentry)->i_private; } extern const struct super_operations kernfs_sops; extern struct kmem_cache *kernfs_node_cache, *kernfs_iattrs_cache; /* * inode.c */ extern const struct xattr_handler *kernfs_xattr_handlers[]; void kernfs_evict_inode(struct inode *inode); int kernfs_iop_permission(struct inode *inode, int mask); int kernfs_iop_setattr(struct dentry *dentry, struct iattr *iattr); int kernfs_iop_getattr(const struct path *path, struct kstat *stat, u32 request_mask, unsigned int query_flags); ssize_t kernfs_iop_listxattr(struct dentry *dentry, char *buf, size_t size); int __kernfs_setattr(struct kernfs_node *kn, const struct iattr *iattr); /* * dir.c */ extern struct mutex kernfs_mutex; extern const struct dentry_operations kernfs_dops; extern const struct file_operations kernfs_dir_fops; extern const struct inode_operations kernfs_dir_iops; struct kernfs_node *kernfs_get_active(struct kernfs_node *kn); void kernfs_put_active(struct kernfs_node *kn); int kernfs_add_one(struct kernfs_node *kn); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_new_node(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, unsigned flags); /* * file.c */ extern const struct file_operations kernfs_file_fops; void kernfs_drain_open_files(struct kernfs_node *kn); /* * symlink.c */ extern const struct inode_operations kernfs_symlink_iops; #endif /* __KERNFS_INTERNAL_H */
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * linux/fs/ext4/file.c * * Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995 * Remy Card (card@masi.ibp.fr) * Laboratoire MASI - Institut Blaise Pascal * Universite Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris VI) * * from * * linux/fs/minix/file.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds * * ext4 fs regular file handling primitives * * 64-bit file support on 64-bit platforms by Jakub Jelinek * (jj@sunsite.ms.mff.cuni.cz) */ #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/iomap.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/path.h> #include <linux/dax.h> #include <linux/quotaops.h> #include <linux/pagevec.h> #include <linux/uio.h> #include <linux/mman.h> #include <linux/backing-dev.h> #include "ext4.h" #include "ext4_jbd2.h" #include "xattr.h" #include "acl.h" #include "truncate.h" static bool ext4_dio_supported(struct inode *inode) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION) && IS_ENCRYPTED(inode)) return false; if (fsverity_active(inode)) return false; if (ext4_should_journal_data(inode)) return false; if (ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) return false; return true; } static ssize_t ext4_dio_read_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *to) { ssize_t ret; struct inode *inode = file_inode(iocb->ki_filp); if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_NOWAIT) { if (!inode_trylock_shared(inode)) return -EAGAIN; } else { inode_lock_shared(inode); } if (!ext4_dio_supported(inode)) { inode_unlock_shared(inode); /* * Fallback to buffered I/O if the operation being performed on * the inode is not supported by direct I/O. The IOCB_DIRECT * flag needs to be cleared here in order to ensure that the * direct I/O path within generic_file_read_iter() is not * taken. */ iocb->ki_flags &= ~IOCB_DIRECT; return generic_file_read_iter(iocb, to); } ret = iomap_dio_rw(iocb, to, &ext4_iomap_ops, NULL, is_sync_kiocb(iocb)); inode_unlock_shared(inode); file_accessed(iocb->ki_filp); return ret; } #ifdef CONFIG_FS_DAX static ssize_t ext4_dax_read_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *to) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(iocb->ki_filp); ssize_t ret; if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_NOWAIT) { if (!inode_trylock_shared(inode)) return -EAGAIN; } else { inode_lock_shared(inode); } /* * Recheck under inode lock - at this point we are sure it cannot * change anymore */ if (!IS_DAX(inode)) { inode_unlock_shared(inode); /* Fallback to buffered IO in case we cannot support DAX */ return generic_file_read_iter(iocb, to); } ret = dax_iomap_rw(iocb, to, &ext4_iomap_ops); inode_unlock_shared(inode); file_accessed(iocb->ki_filp); return ret; } #endif static ssize_t ext4_file_read_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *to) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(iocb->ki_filp); if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)))) return -EIO; if (!iov_iter_count(to)) return 0; /* skip atime */ #ifdef CONFIG_FS_DAX if (IS_DAX(inode)) return ext4_dax_read_iter(iocb, to); #endif if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_DIRECT) return ext4_dio_read_iter(iocb, to); return generic_file_read_iter(iocb, to); } /* * Called when an inode is released. Note that this is different * from ext4_file_open: open gets called at every open, but release * gets called only when /all/ the files are closed. */ static int ext4_release_file(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp) { if (ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_DA_ALLOC_CLOSE)) { ext4_alloc_da_blocks(inode); ext4_clear_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_DA_ALLOC_CLOSE); } /* if we are the last writer on the inode, drop the block reservation */ if ((filp->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE) && (atomic_read(&inode->i_writecount) == 1) && !EXT4_I(inode)->i_reserved_data_blocks) { down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); ext4_discard_preallocations(inode, 0); up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); } if (is_dx(inode) && filp->private_data) ext4_htree_free_dir_info(filp->private_data); return 0; } /* * This tests whether the IO in question is block-aligned or not. * Ext4 utilizes unwritten extents when hole-filling during direct IO, and they * are converted to written only after the IO is complete. Until they are * mapped, these blocks appear as holes, so dio_zero_block() will assume that * it needs to zero out portions of the start and/or end block. If 2 AIO * threads are at work on the same unwritten block, they must be synchronized * or one thread will zero the other's data, causing corruption. */ static bool ext4_unaligned_io(struct inode *inode, struct iov_iter *from, loff_t pos) { struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; unsigned long blockmask = sb->s_blocksize - 1; if ((pos | iov_iter_alignment(from)) & blockmask) return true; return false; } static bool ext4_extending_io(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, size_t len) { if (offset + len > i_size_read(inode) || offset + len > EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize) return true; return false; } /* Is IO overwriting allocated and initialized blocks? */ static bool ext4_overwrite_io(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, loff_t len) { struct ext4_map_blocks map; unsigned int blkbits = inode->i_blkbits; int err, blklen; if (pos + len > i_size_read(inode)) return false; map.m_lblk = pos >> blkbits; map.m_len = EXT4_MAX_BLOCKS(len, pos, blkbits); blklen = map.m_len; err = ext4_map_blocks(NULL, inode, &map, 0); /* * 'err==len' means that all of the blocks have been preallocated, * regardless of whether they have been initialized or not. To exclude * unwritten extents, we need to check m_flags. */ return err == blklen && (map.m_flags & EXT4_MAP_MAPPED); } static ssize_t ext4_generic_write_checks(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(iocb->ki_filp); ssize_t ret; if (unlikely(IS_IMMUTABLE(inode))) return -EPERM; ret = generic_write_checks(iocb, from); if (ret <= 0) return ret; /* * If we have encountered a bitmap-format file, the size limit * is smaller than s_maxbytes, which is for extent-mapped files. */ if (!(ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS))) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); if (iocb->ki_pos >= sbi->s_bitmap_maxbytes) return -EFBIG; iov_iter_truncate(from, sbi->s_bitmap_maxbytes - iocb->ki_pos); } return iov_iter_count(from); } static ssize_t ext4_write_checks(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from) { ssize_t ret, count; count = ext4_generic_write_checks(iocb, from); if (count <= 0) return count; ret = file_modified(iocb->ki_filp); if (ret) return ret; return count; } static ssize_t ext4_buffered_write_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from) { ssize_t ret; struct inode *inode = file_inode(iocb->ki_filp); if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_NOWAIT) return -EOPNOTSUPP; ext4_fc_start_update(inode); inode_lock(inode); ret = ext4_write_checks(iocb, from); if (ret <= 0) goto out; current->backing_dev_info = inode_to_bdi(inode); ret = generic_perform_write(iocb->ki_filp, from, iocb->ki_pos); current->backing_dev_info = NULL; out: inode_unlock(inode); ext4_fc_stop_update(inode); if (likely(ret > 0)) { iocb->ki_pos += ret; ret = generic_write_sync(iocb, ret); } return ret; } static ssize_t ext4_handle_inode_extension(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, ssize_t written, size_t count) { handle_t *handle; bool truncate = false; u8 blkbits = inode->i_blkbits; ext4_lblk_t written_blk, end_blk; int ret; /* * Note that EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize can get extended up to * inode->i_size while the I/O was running due to writeback of delalloc * blocks. But, the code in ext4_iomap_alloc() is careful to use * zeroed/unwritten extents if this is possible; thus we won't leave * uninitialized blocks in a file even if we didn't succeed in writing * as much as we intended. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(i_size_read(inode) < EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize); if (offset + count <= EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize) { /* * We need to ensure that the inode is removed from the orphan * list if it has been added prematurely, due to writeback of * delalloc blocks. */ if (!list_empty(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_orphan) && inode->i_nlink) { handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_INODE, 2); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { ext4_orphan_del(NULL, inode); return PTR_ERR(handle); } ext4_orphan_del(handle, inode); ext4_journal_stop(handle); } return written; } if (written < 0) goto truncate; handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_INODE, 2); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { written = PTR_ERR(handle); goto truncate; } if (ext4_update_inode_size(inode, offset + written)) { ret = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (unlikely(ret)) { written = ret; ext4_journal_stop(handle); goto truncate; } } /* * We may need to truncate allocated but not written blocks beyond EOF. */ written_blk = ALIGN(offset + written, 1 << blkbits); end_blk = ALIGN(offset + count, 1 << blkbits); if (written_blk < end_blk && ext4_can_truncate(inode)) truncate = true; /* * Remove the inode from the orphan list if it has been extended and * everything went OK. */ if (!truncate && inode->i_nlink) ext4_orphan_del(handle, inode); ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (truncate) { truncate: ext4_truncate_failed_write(inode); /* * If the truncate operation failed early, then the inode may * still be on the orphan list. In that case, we need to try * remove the inode from the in-memory linked list. */ if (inode->i_nlink) ext4_orphan_del(NULL, inode); } return written; } static int ext4_dio_write_end_io(struct kiocb *iocb, ssize_t size, int error, unsigned int flags) { loff_t pos = iocb->ki_pos; struct inode *inode = file_inode(iocb->ki_filp); if (error) return error; if (size && flags & IOMAP_DIO_UNWRITTEN) { error = ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(NULL, inode, pos, size); if (error < 0) return error; } /* * If we are extending the file, we have to update i_size here before * page cache gets invalidated in iomap_dio_rw(). Otherwise racing * buffered reads could zero out too much from page cache pages. Update * of on-disk size will happen later in ext4_dio_write_iter() where * we have enough information to also perform orphan list handling etc. * Note that we perform all extending writes synchronously under * i_rwsem held exclusively so i_size update is safe here in that case. * If the write was not extending, we cannot see pos > i_size here * because operations reducing i_size like truncate wait for all * outstanding DIO before updating i_size. */ pos += size; if (pos > i_size_read(inode)) i_size_write(inode, pos); return 0; } static const struct iomap_dio_ops ext4_dio_write_ops = { .end_io = ext4_dio_write_end_io, }; /* * The intention here is to start with shared lock acquired then see if any * condition requires an exclusive inode lock. If yes, then we restart the * whole operation by releasing the shared lock and acquiring exclusive lock. * * - For unaligned_io we never take shared lock as it may cause data corruption * when two unaligned IO tries to modify the same block e.g. while zeroing. * * - For extending writes case we don't take the shared lock, since it requires * updating inode i_disksize and/or orphan handling with exclusive lock. * * - shared locking will only be true mostly with overwrites. Otherwise we will * switch to exclusive i_rwsem lock. */ static ssize_t ext4_dio_write_checks(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from, bool *ilock_shared, bool *extend) { struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp; struct inode *inode = file_inode(file); loff_t offset; size_t count; ssize_t ret; restart: ret = ext4_generic_write_checks(iocb, from); if (ret <= 0) goto out; offset = iocb->ki_pos; count = ret; if (ext4_extending_io(inode, offset, count)) *extend = true; /* * Determine whether the IO operation will overwrite allocated * and initialized blocks. * We need exclusive i_rwsem for changing security info * in file_modified(). */ if (*ilock_shared && (!IS_NOSEC(inode) || *extend || !ext4_overwrite_io(inode, offset, count))) { if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_NOWAIT) { ret = -EAGAIN; goto out; } inode_unlock_shared(inode); *ilock_shared = false; inode_lock(inode); goto restart; } ret = file_modified(file); if (ret < 0) goto out; return count; out: if (*ilock_shared) inode_unlock_shared(inode); else inode_unlock(inode); return ret; } static ssize_t ext4_dio_write_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from) { ssize_t ret; handle_t *handle; struct inode *inode = file_inode(iocb->ki_filp); loff_t offset = iocb->ki_pos; size_t count = iov_iter_count(from); const struct iomap_ops *iomap_ops = &ext4_iomap_ops; bool extend = false, unaligned_io = false; bool ilock_shared = true; /* * We initially start with shared inode lock unless it is * unaligned IO which needs exclusive lock anyways. */ if (ext4_unaligned_io(inode, from, offset)) { unaligned_io = true; ilock_shared = false; } /* * Quick check here without any i_rwsem lock to see if it is extending * IO. A more reliable check is done in ext4_dio_write_checks() with * proper locking in place. */ if (offset + count > i_size_read(inode)) ilock_shared = false; if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_NOWAIT) { if (ilock_shared) { if (!inode_trylock_shared(inode)) return -EAGAIN; } else { if (!inode_trylock(inode)) return -EAGAIN; } } else { if (ilock_shared) inode_lock_shared(inode); else inode_lock(inode); } /* Fallback to buffered I/O if the inode does not support direct I/O. */ if (!ext4_dio_supported(inode)) { if (ilock_shared) inode_unlock_shared(inode); else inode_unlock(inode); return ext4_buffered_write_iter(iocb, from); } ret = ext4_dio_write_checks(iocb, from, &ilock_shared, &extend); if (ret <= 0) return ret; /* if we're going to block and IOCB_NOWAIT is set, return -EAGAIN */ if ((iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_NOWAIT) && (unaligned_io || extend)) { ret = -EAGAIN; goto out; } offset = iocb->ki_pos; count = ret; /* * Unaligned direct IO must be serialized among each other as zeroing * of partial blocks of two competing unaligned IOs can result in data * corruption. * * So we make sure we don't allow any unaligned IO in flight. * For IOs where we need not wait (like unaligned non-AIO DIO), * below inode_dio_wait() may anyway become a no-op, since we start * with exclusive lock. */ if (unaligned_io) inode_dio_wait(inode); if (extend) { handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_INODE, 2); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { ret = PTR_ERR(handle); goto out; } ext4_fc_start_update(inode); ret = ext4_orphan_add(handle, inode); ext4_fc_stop_update(inode); if (ret) { ext4_journal_stop(handle); goto out; } ext4_journal_stop(handle); } if (ilock_shared) iomap_ops = &ext4_iomap_overwrite_ops; ret = iomap_dio_rw(iocb, from, iomap_ops, &ext4_dio_write_ops, is_sync_kiocb(iocb) || unaligned_io || extend); if (ret == -ENOTBLK) ret = 0; if (extend) ret = ext4_handle_inode_extension(inode, offset, ret, count); out: if (ilock_shared) inode_unlock_shared(inode); else inode_unlock(inode); if (ret >= 0 && iov_iter_count(from)) { ssize_t err; loff_t endbyte; offset = iocb->ki_pos; err = ext4_buffered_write_iter(iocb, from); if (err < 0) return err; /* * We need to ensure that the pages within the page cache for * the range covered by this I/O are written to disk and * invalidated. This is in attempt to preserve the expected * direct I/O semantics in the case we fallback to buffered I/O * to complete off the I/O request. */ ret += err; endbyte = offset + err - 1; err = filemap_write_and_wait_range(iocb->ki_filp->f_mapping, offset, endbyte); if (!err) invalidate_mapping_pages(iocb->ki_filp->f_mapping, offset >> PAGE_SHIFT, endbyte >> PAGE_SHIFT); } return ret; } #ifdef CONFIG_FS_DAX static ssize_t ext4_dax_write_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from) { ssize_t ret; size_t count; loff_t offset; handle_t *handle; bool extend = false; struct inode *inode = file_inode(iocb->ki_filp); if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_NOWAIT) { if (!inode_trylock(inode)) return -EAGAIN; } else { inode_lock(inode); } ret = ext4_write_checks(iocb, from); if (ret <= 0) goto out; offset = iocb->ki_pos; count = iov_iter_count(from); if (offset + count > EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize) { handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_INODE, 2); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { ret = PTR_ERR(handle); goto out; } ret = ext4_orphan_add(handle, inode); if (ret) { ext4_journal_stop(handle); goto out; } extend = true; ext4_journal_stop(handle); } ret = dax_iomap_rw(iocb, from, &ext4_iomap_ops); if (extend) ret = ext4_handle_inode_extension(inode, offset, ret, count); out: inode_unlock(inode); if (ret > 0) ret = generic_write_sync(iocb, ret); return ret; } #endif static ssize_t ext4_file_write_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(iocb->ki_filp); if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)))) return -EIO; #ifdef CONFIG_FS_DAX if (IS_DAX(inode)) return ext4_dax_write_iter(iocb, from); #endif if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_DIRECT) return ext4_dio_write_iter(iocb, from); else return ext4_buffered_write_iter(iocb, from); } #ifdef CONFIG_FS_DAX static vm_fault_t ext4_dax_huge_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf, enum page_entry_size pe_size) { int error = 0; vm_fault_t result; int retries = 0; handle_t *handle = NULL; struct inode *inode = file_inode(vmf->vma->vm_file); struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; /* * We have to distinguish real writes from writes which will result in a * COW page; COW writes should *not* poke the journal (the file will not * be changed). Doing so would cause unintended failures when mounted * read-only. * * We check for VM_SHARED rather than vmf->cow_page since the latter is * unset for pe_size != PE_SIZE_PTE (i.e. only in do_cow_fault); for * other sizes, dax_iomap_fault will handle splitting / fallback so that * we eventually come back with a COW page. */ bool write = (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && (vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED); pfn_t pfn; if (write) { sb_start_pagefault(sb); file_update_time(vmf->vma->vm_file); down_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); retry: handle = ext4_journal_start_sb(sb, EXT4_HT_WRITE_PAGE, EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(sb)); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { up_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); sb_end_pagefault(sb); return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } } else { down_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); } result = dax_iomap_fault(vmf, pe_size, &pfn, &error, &ext4_iomap_ops); if (write) { ext4_journal_stop(handle); if ((result & VM_FAULT_ERROR) && error == -ENOSPC && ext4_should_retry_alloc(sb, &retries)) goto retry; /* Handling synchronous page fault? */ if (result & VM_FAULT_NEEDDSYNC) result = dax_finish_sync_fault(vmf, pe_size, pfn); up_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); sb_end_pagefault(sb); } else { up_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); } return result; } static vm_fault_t ext4_dax_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { return ext4_dax_huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PTE); } static const struct vm_operations_struct ext4_dax_vm_ops = { .fault = ext4_dax_fault, .huge_fault = ext4_dax_huge_fault, .page_mkwrite = ext4_dax_fault, .pfn_mkwrite = ext4_dax_fault, }; #else #define ext4_dax_vm_ops ext4_file_vm_ops #endif static const struct vm_operations_struct ext4_file_vm_ops = { .fault = ext4_filemap_fault, .map_pages = filemap_map_pages, .page_mkwrite = ext4_page_mkwrite, }; static int ext4_file_mmap(struct file *file, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct inode *inode = file->f_mapping->host; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); struct dax_device *dax_dev = sbi->s_daxdev; if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(sbi))) return -EIO; /* * We don't support synchronous mappings for non-DAX files and * for DAX files if underneath dax_device is not synchronous. */ if (!daxdev_mapping_supported(vma, dax_dev)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; file_accessed(file); if (IS_DAX(file_inode(file))) { vma->vm_ops = &ext4_dax_vm_ops; vma->vm_flags |= VM_HUGEPAGE; } else { vma->vm_ops = &ext4_file_vm_ops; } return 0; } static int ext4_sample_last_mounted(struct super_block *sb, struct vfsmount *mnt) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct path path; char buf[64], *cp; handle_t *handle; int err; if (likely(ext4_test_mount_flag(sb, EXT4_MF_MNTDIR_SAMPLED))) return 0; if (sb_rdonly(sb) || !sb_start_intwrite_trylock(sb)) return 0; ext4_set_mount_flag(sb, EXT4_MF_MNTDIR_SAMPLED); /* * Sample where the filesystem has been mounted and * store it in the superblock for sysadmin convenience * when trying to sort through large numbers of block * devices or filesystem images. */ memset(buf, 0, sizeof(buf)); path.mnt = mnt; path.dentry = mnt->mnt_root; cp = d_path(&path, buf, sizeof(buf)); err = 0; if (IS_ERR(cp)) goto out; handle = ext4_journal_start_sb(sb, EXT4_HT_MISC, 1); err = PTR_ERR(handle); if (IS_ERR(handle)) goto out; BUFFER_TRACE(sbi->s_sbh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, sbi->s_sbh); if (err) goto out_journal; strncpy(sbi->s_es->s_last_mounted, cp, sizeof(sbi->s_es->s_last_mounted)); ext4_handle_dirty_super(handle, sb); out_journal: ext4_journal_stop(handle); out: sb_end_intwrite(sb); return err; } static int ext4_file_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp) { int ret; if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)))) return -EIO; ret = ext4_sample_last_mounted(inode->i_sb, filp->f_path.mnt); if (ret) return ret; ret = fscrypt_file_open(inode, filp); if (ret) return ret; ret = fsverity_file_open(inode, filp); if (ret) return ret; /* * Set up the jbd2_inode if we are opening the inode for * writing and the journal is present */ if (filp->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE) { ret = ext4_inode_attach_jinode(inode); if (ret < 0) return ret; } filp->f_mode |= FMODE_NOWAIT | FMODE_BUF_RASYNC; return dquot_file_open(inode, filp); } /* * ext4_llseek() handles both block-mapped and extent-mapped maxbytes values * by calling generic_file_llseek_size() with the appropriate maxbytes * value for each. */ loff_t ext4_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence) { struct inode *inode = file->f_mapping->host; loff_t maxbytes; if (!(ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS))) maxbytes = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_bitmap_maxbytes; else maxbytes = inode->i_sb->s_maxbytes; switch (whence) { default: return generic_file_llseek_size(file, offset, whence, maxbytes, i_size_read(inode)); case SEEK_HOLE: inode_lock_shared(inode); offset = iomap_seek_hole(inode, offset, &ext4_iomap_report_ops); inode_unlock_shared(inode); break; case SEEK_DATA: inode_lock_shared(inode); offset = iomap_seek_data(inode, offset, &ext4_iomap_report_ops); inode_unlock_shared(inode); break; } if (offset < 0) return offset; return vfs_setpos(file, offset, maxbytes); } const struct file_operations ext4_file_operations = { .llseek = ext4_llseek, .read_iter = ext4_file_read_iter, .write_iter = ext4_file_write_iter, .iopoll = iomap_dio_iopoll, .unlocked_ioctl = ext4_ioctl, #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT .compat_ioctl = ext4_compat_ioctl, #endif .mmap = ext4_file_mmap, .mmap_supported_flags = MAP_SYNC, .open = ext4_file_open, .release = ext4_release_file, .fsync = ext4_sync_file, .get_unmapped_area = thp_get_unmapped_area, .splice_read = generic_file_splice_read, .splice_write = iter_file_splice_write, .fallocate = ext4_fallocate, }; const struct inode_operations ext4_file_inode_operations = { .setattr = ext4_setattr, .getattr = ext4_file_getattr, .listxattr = ext4_listxattr, .get_acl = ext4_get_acl, .set_acl = ext4_set_acl, .fiemap = ext4_fiemap, };
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Operations on the network namespace */ #ifndef __NET_NET_NAMESPACE_H #define __NET_NET_NAMESPACE_H #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> #include <net/flow.h> #include <net/netns/core.h> #include <net/netns/mib.h> #include <net/netns/unix.h> #include <net/netns/packet.h> #include <net/netns/ipv4.h> #include <net/netns/ipv6.h> #include <net/netns/nexthop.h> #include <net/netns/ieee802154_6lowpan.h> #include <net/netns/sctp.h> #include <net/netns/dccp.h> #include <net/netns/netfilter.h> #include <net/netns/x_tables.h> #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) || defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MODULE) #include <net/netns/conntrack.h> #endif #include <net/netns/nftables.h> #include <net/netns/xfrm.h> #include <net/netns/mpls.h> #include <net/netns/can.h> #include <net/netns/xdp.h> #include <net/netns/bpf.h> #include <linux/ns_common.h> #include <linux/idr.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/notifier.h> struct user_namespace; struct proc_dir_entry; struct net_device; struct sock; struct ctl_table_header; struct net_generic; struct uevent_sock; struct netns_ipvs; struct bpf_prog; #define NETDEV_HASHBITS 8 #define NETDEV_HASHENTRIES (1 << NETDEV_HASHBITS) struct net { /* First cache line can be often dirtied. * Do not place here read-mostly fields. */ refcount_t passive; /* To decide when the network * namespace should be freed. */ refcount_t count; /* To decided when the network * namespace should be shut down. */ spinlock_t rules_mod_lock; unsigned int dev_unreg_count; unsigned int dev_base_seq; /* protected by rtnl_mutex */ int ifindex; spinlock_t nsid_lock; atomic_t fnhe_genid; struct list_head list; /* list of network namespaces */ struct list_head exit_list; /* To linked to call pernet exit * methods on dead net ( * pernet_ops_rwsem read locked), * or to unregister pernet ops * (pernet_ops_rwsem write locked). */ struct llist_node cleanup_list; /* namespaces on death row */ #ifdef CONFIG_KEYS struct key_tag *key_domain; /* Key domain of operation tag */ #endif struct user_namespace *user_ns; /* Owning user namespace */ struct ucounts *ucounts; struct idr netns_ids; struct ns_common ns; struct list_head dev_base_head; struct proc_dir_entry *proc_net; struct proc_dir_entry *proc_net_stat; #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL struct ctl_table_set sysctls; #endif struct sock *rtnl; /* rtnetlink socket */ struct sock *genl_sock; struct uevent_sock *uevent_sock; /* uevent socket */ struct hlist_head *dev_name_head; struct hlist_head *dev_index_head; struct raw_notifier_head netdev_chain; /* Note that @hash_mix can be read millions times per second, * it is critical that it is on a read_mostly cache line. */ u32 hash_mix; struct net_device *loopback_dev; /* The loopback */ /* core fib_rules */ struct list_head rules_ops; struct netns_core core; struct netns_mib mib; struct netns_packet packet; struct netns_unix unx; struct netns_nexthop nexthop; struct netns_ipv4 ipv4; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) struct netns_ipv6 ipv6; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IEEE802154_6LOWPAN) struct netns_ieee802154_lowpan ieee802154_lowpan; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_IP_SCTP) || defined(CONFIG_IP_SCTP_MODULE) struct netns_sctp sctp; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_IP_DCCP) || defined(CONFIG_IP_DCCP_MODULE) struct netns_dccp dccp; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NETFILTER struct netns_nf nf; struct netns_xt xt; #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) || defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MODULE) struct netns_ct ct; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_NF_TABLES) || defined(CONFIG_NF_TABLES_MODULE) struct netns_nftables nft; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_DEFRAG_IPV6) struct netns_nf_frag nf_frag; struct ctl_table_header *nf_frag_frags_hdr; #endif struct sock *nfnl; struct sock *nfnl_stash; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NETFILTER_NETLINK_ACCT) struct list_head nfnl_acct_list; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_CT_NETLINK_TIMEOUT) struct list_head nfct_timeout_list; #endif #endif #ifdef CONFIG_WEXT_CORE struct sk_buff_head wext_nlevents; #endif struct net_generic __rcu *gen; /* Used to store attached BPF programs */ struct netns_bpf bpf; /* Note : following structs are cache line aligned */ #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM struct netns_xfrm xfrm; #endif atomic64_t net_cookie; /* written once */ #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IP_VS) struct netns_ipvs *ipvs; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MPLS) struct netns_mpls mpls; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CAN) struct netns_can can; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_XDP_SOCKETS struct netns_xdp xdp; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CRYPTO_USER) struct sock *crypto_nlsk; #endif struct sock *diag_nlsk; } __randomize_layout; #include <linux/seq_file_net.h> /* Init's network namespace */ extern struct net init_net; #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS struct net *copy_net_ns(unsigned long flags, struct user_namespace *user_ns, struct net *old_net); void net_ns_get_ownership(const struct net *net, kuid_t *uid, kgid_t *gid); void net_ns_barrier(void); struct ns_common *get_net_ns(struct ns_common *ns); #else /* CONFIG_NET_NS */ #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> static inline struct net *copy_net_ns(unsigned long flags, struct user_namespace *user_ns, struct net *old_net) { if (flags & CLONE_NEWNET) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); return old_net; } static inline void net_ns_get_ownership(const struct net *net, kuid_t *uid, kgid_t *gid) { *uid = GLOBAL_ROOT_UID; *gid = GLOBAL_ROOT_GID; } static inline void net_ns_barrier(void) {} static inline struct ns_common *get_net_ns(struct ns_common *ns) { return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } #endif /* CONFIG_NET_NS */ extern struct list_head net_namespace_list; struct net *get_net_ns_by_pid(pid_t pid); struct net *get_net_ns_by_fd(int fd); u64 __net_gen_cookie(struct net *net); #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL void ipx_register_sysctl(void); void ipx_unregister_sysctl(void); #else #define ipx_register_sysctl() #define ipx_unregister_sysctl() #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS void __put_net(struct net *net); static inline struct net *get_net(struct net *net) { refcount_inc(&net->count); return net; } static inline struct net *maybe_get_net(struct net *net) { /* Used when we know struct net exists but we * aren't guaranteed a previous reference count * exists. If the reference count is zero this * function fails and returns NULL. */ if (!refcount_inc_not_zero(&net->count)) net = NULL; return net; } static inline void put_net(struct net *net) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&net->count)) __put_net(net); } static inline int net_eq(const struct net *net1, const struct net *net2) { return net1 == net2; } static inline int check_net(const struct net *net) { return refcount_read(&net->count) != 0; } void net_drop_ns(void *); #else static inline struct net *get_net(struct net *net) { return net; } static inline void put_net(struct net *net) { } static inline struct net *maybe_get_net(struct net *net) { return net; } static inline int net_eq(const struct net *net1, const struct net *net2) { return 1; } static inline int check_net(const struct net *net) { return 1; } #define net_drop_ns NULL #endif typedef struct { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS struct net *net; #endif } possible_net_t; static inline void write_pnet(possible_net_t *pnet, struct net *net) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS pnet->net = net; #endif } static inline struct net *read_pnet(const possible_net_t *pnet) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS return pnet->net; #else return &init_net; #endif } /* Protected by net_rwsem */ #define for_each_net(VAR) \ list_for_each_entry(VAR, &net_namespace_list, list) #define for_each_net_continue_reverse(VAR) \ list_for_each_entry_continue_reverse(VAR, &net_namespace_list, list) #define for_each_net_rcu(VAR) \ list_for_each_entry_rcu(VAR, &net_namespace_list, list) #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS #define __net_init #define __net_exit #define __net_initdata #define __net_initconst #else #define __net_init __init #define __net_exit __ref #define __net_initdata __initdata #define __net_initconst __initconst #endif int peernet2id_alloc(struct net *net, struct net *peer, gfp_t gfp); int peernet2id(const struct net *net, struct net *peer); bool peernet_has_id(const struct net *net, struct net *peer); struct net *get_net_ns_by_id(const struct net *net, int id); struct pernet_operations { struct list_head list; /* * Below methods are called without any exclusive locks. * More than one net may be constructed and destructed * in parallel on several cpus. Every pernet_operations * have to keep in mind all other pernet_operations and * to introduce a locking, if they share common resources. * * The only time they are called with exclusive lock is * from register_pernet_subsys(), unregister_pernet_subsys() * register_pernet_device() and unregister_pernet_device(). * * Exit methods using blocking RCU primitives, such as * synchronize_rcu(), should be implemented via exit_batch. * Then, destruction of a group of net requires single * synchronize_rcu() related to these pernet_operations, * instead of separate synchronize_rcu() for every net. * Please, avoid synchronize_rcu() at all, where it's possible. * * Note that a combination of pre_exit() and exit() can * be used, since a synchronize_rcu() is guaranteed between * the calls. */ int (*init)(struct net *net); void (*pre_exit)(struct net *net); void (*exit)(struct net *net); void (*exit_batch)(struct list_head *net_exit_list); unsigned int *id; size_t size; }; /* * Use these carefully. If you implement a network device and it * needs per network namespace operations use device pernet operations, * otherwise use pernet subsys operations. * * Network interfaces need to be removed from a dying netns _before_ * subsys notifiers can be called, as most of the network code cleanup * (which is done from subsys notifiers) runs with the assumption that * dev_remove_pack has been called so no new packets will arrive during * and after the cleanup functions have been called. dev_remove_pack * is not per namespace so instead the guarantee of no more packets * arriving in a network namespace is provided by ensuring that all * network devices and all sockets have left the network namespace * before the cleanup methods are called. * * For the longest time the ipv4 icmp code was registered as a pernet * device which caused kernel oops, and panics during network * namespace cleanup. So please don't get this wrong. */ int register_pernet_subsys(struct pernet_operations *); void unregister_pernet_subsys(struct pernet_operations *); int register_pernet_device(struct pernet_operations *); void unregister_pernet_device(struct pernet_operations *); struct ctl_table; struct ctl_table_header; #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL int net_sysctl_init(void); struct ctl_table_header *register_net_sysctl(struct net *net, const char *path, struct ctl_table *table); void unregister_net_sysctl_table(struct ctl_table_header *header); #else static inline int net_sysctl_init(void) { return 0; } static inline struct ctl_table_header *register_net_sysctl(struct net *net, const char *path, struct ctl_table *table) { return NULL; } static inline void unregister_net_sysctl_table(struct ctl_table_header *header) { } #endif static inline int rt_genid_ipv4(const struct net *net) { return atomic_read(&net->ipv4.rt_genid); } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) static inline int rt_genid_ipv6(const struct net *net) { return atomic_read(&net->ipv6.fib6_sernum); } #endif static inline void rt_genid_bump_ipv4(struct net *net) { atomic_inc(&net->ipv4.rt_genid); } extern void (*__fib6_flush_trees)(struct net *net); static inline void rt_genid_bump_ipv6(struct net *net) { if (__fib6_flush_trees) __fib6_flush_trees(net); } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IEEE802154_6LOWPAN) static inline struct netns_ieee802154_lowpan * net_ieee802154_lowpan(struct net *net) { return &net->ieee802154_lowpan; } #endif /* For callers who don't really care about whether it's IPv4 or IPv6 */ static inline void rt_genid_bump_all(struct net *net) { rt_genid_bump_ipv4(net); rt_genid_bump_ipv6(net); } static inline int fnhe_genid(const struct net *net) { return atomic_read(&net->fnhe_genid); } static inline void fnhe_genid_bump(struct net *net) { atomic_inc(&net->fnhe_genid); } #endif /* __NET_NET_NAMESPACE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* File: linux/xattr.h Extended attributes handling. Copyright (C) 2001 by Andreas Gruenbacher <a.gruenbacher@computer.org> Copyright (c) 2001-2002 Silicon Graphics, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Copyright (c) 2004 Red Hat, Inc., James Morris <jmorris@redhat.com> */ #ifndef _LINUX_XATTR_H #define _LINUX_XATTR_H #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <uapi/linux/xattr.h> struct inode; struct dentry; /* * struct xattr_handler: When @name is set, match attributes with exactly that * name. When @prefix is set instead, match attributes with that prefix and * with a non-empty suffix. */ struct xattr_handler { const char *name; const char *prefix; int flags; /* fs private flags */ bool (*list)(struct dentry *dentry); int (*get)(const struct xattr_handler *, struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode, const char *name, void *buffer, size_t size); int (*set)(const struct xattr_handler *, struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode, const char *name, const void *buffer, size_t size, int flags); }; const char *xattr_full_name(const struct xattr_handler *, const char *); struct xattr { const char *name; void *value; size_t value_len; }; ssize_t __vfs_getxattr(struct dentry *, struct inode *, const char *, void *, size_t); ssize_t vfs_getxattr(struct dentry *, const char *, void *, size_t); ssize_t vfs_listxattr(struct dentry *d, char *list, size_t size); int __vfs_setxattr(struct dentry *, struct inode *, const char *, const void *, size_t, int); int __vfs_setxattr_noperm(struct dentry *, const char *, const void *, size_t, int); int __vfs_setxattr_locked(struct dentry *, const char *, const void *, size_t, int, struct inode **); int vfs_setxattr(struct dentry *, const char *, const void *, size_t, int); int __vfs_removexattr(struct dentry *, const char *); int __vfs_removexattr_locked(struct dentry *, const char *, struct inode **); int vfs_removexattr(struct dentry *, const char *); ssize_t generic_listxattr(struct dentry *dentry, char *buffer, size_t buffer_size); ssize_t vfs_getxattr_alloc(struct dentry *dentry, const char *name, char **xattr_value, size_t size, gfp_t flags); int xattr_supported_namespace(struct inode *inode, const char *prefix); static inline const char *xattr_prefix(const struct xattr_handler *handler) { return handler->prefix ?: handler->name; } struct simple_xattrs { struct list_head head; spinlock_t lock; }; struct simple_xattr { struct list_head list; char *name; size_t size; char value[]; }; /* * initialize the simple_xattrs structure */ static inline void simple_xattrs_init(struct simple_xattrs *xattrs) { INIT_LIST_HEAD(&xattrs->head); spin_lock_init(&xattrs->lock); } /* * free all the xattrs */ static inline void simple_xattrs_free(struct simple_xattrs *xattrs) { struct simple_xattr *xattr, *node; list_for_each_entry_safe(xattr, node, &xattrs->head, list) { kfree(xattr->name); kvfree(xattr); } } struct simple_xattr *simple_xattr_alloc(const void *value, size_t size); int simple_xattr_get(struct simple_xattrs *xattrs, const char *name, void *buffer, size_t size); int simple_xattr_set(struct simple_xattrs *xattrs, const char *name, const void *value, size_t size, int flags, ssize_t *removed_size); ssize_t simple_xattr_list(struct inode *inode, struct simple_xattrs *xattrs, char *buffer, size_t size); void simple_xattr_list_add(struct simple_xattrs *xattrs, struct simple_xattr *new_xattr); #endif /* _LINUX_XATTR_H */
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2821 2822 2823 2824 2825 2826 2827 2828 2829 2830 2831 2832 2833 2834 2835 2836 2837 2838 2839 2840 2841 2842 2843 2844 2845 2846 2847 2848 2849 2850 2851 2852 2853 2854 2855 2856 2857 2858 2859 2860 2861 2862 2863 2864 2865 2866 2867 2868 2869 2870 2871 2872 2873 2874 2875 2876 2877 2878 2879 2880 2881 2882 2883 2884 2885 2886 2887 2888 2889 2890 2891 2892 2893 2894 2895 2896 2897 2898 2899 2900 2901 2902 2903 2904 2905 2906 2907 2908 2909 2910 2911 2912 2913 2914 2915 2916 2917 2918 2919 2920 2921 2922 2923 2924 2925 2926 2927 2928 2929 2930 2931 2932 2933 2934 2935 2936 2937 2938 2939 2940 2941 2942 2943 2944 2945 2946 2947 2948 2949 2950 2951 2952 2953 2954 2955 2956 2957 2958 2959 2960 2961 2962 2963 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later /* * Kernel Probes (KProbes) * kernel/kprobes.c * * Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2002, 2004 * * 2002-Oct Created by Vamsi Krishna S <vamsi_krishna@in.ibm.com> Kernel * Probes initial implementation (includes suggestions from * Rusty Russell). * 2004-Aug Updated by Prasanna S Panchamukhi <prasanna@in.ibm.com> with * hlists and exceptions notifier as suggested by Andi Kleen. * 2004-July Suparna Bhattacharya <suparna@in.ibm.com> added jumper probes * interface to access function arguments. * 2004-Sep Prasanna S Panchamukhi <prasanna@in.ibm.com> Changed Kprobes * exceptions notifier to be first on the priority list. * 2005-May Hien Nguyen <hien@us.ibm.com>, Jim Keniston * <jkenisto@us.ibm.com> and Prasanna S Panchamukhi * <prasanna@in.ibm.com> added function-return probes. */ #include <linux/kprobes.h> #include <linux/hash.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/moduleloader.h> #include <linux/kallsyms.h> #include <linux/freezer.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/debugfs.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/kdebug.h> #include <linux/memory.h> #include <linux/ftrace.h> #include <linux/cpu.h> #include <linux/jump_label.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <linux/static_call.h> #include <asm/sections.h> #include <asm/cacheflush.h> #include <asm/errno.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #define KPROBE_HASH_BITS 6 #define KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE (1 << KPROBE_HASH_BITS) static int kprobes_initialized; /* kprobe_table can be accessed by * - Normal hlist traversal and RCU add/del under kprobe_mutex is held. * Or * - RCU hlist traversal under disabling preempt (breakpoint handlers) */ static struct hlist_head kprobe_table[KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE]; static struct hlist_head kretprobe_inst_table[KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE]; /* NOTE: change this value only with kprobe_mutex held */ static bool kprobes_all_disarmed; /* This protects kprobe_table and optimizing_list */ static DEFINE_MUTEX(kprobe_mutex); static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct kprobe *, kprobe_instance) = NULL; static struct { raw_spinlock_t lock ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; } kretprobe_table_locks[KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE]; kprobe_opcode_t * __weak kprobe_lookup_name(const char *name, unsigned int __unused) { return ((kprobe_opcode_t *)(kallsyms_lookup_name(name))); } static raw_spinlock_t *kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(unsigned long hash) { return &(kretprobe_table_locks[hash].lock); } /* Blacklist -- list of struct kprobe_blacklist_entry */ static LIST_HEAD(kprobe_blacklist); #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_KPROBES_INSN_SLOT /* * kprobe->ainsn.insn points to the copy of the instruction to be * single-stepped. x86_64, POWER4 and above have no-exec support and * stepping on the instruction on a vmalloced/kmalloced/data page * is a recipe for disaster */ struct kprobe_insn_page { struct list_head list; kprobe_opcode_t *insns; /* Page of instruction slots */ struct kprobe_insn_cache *cache; int nused; int ngarbage; char slot_used[]; }; #define KPROBE_INSN_PAGE_SIZE(slots) \ (offsetof(struct kprobe_insn_page, slot_used) + \ (sizeof(char) * (slots))) static int slots_per_page(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c) { return PAGE_SIZE/(c->insn_size * sizeof(kprobe_opcode_t)); } enum kprobe_slot_state { SLOT_CLEAN = 0, SLOT_DIRTY = 1, SLOT_USED = 2, }; void __weak *alloc_insn_page(void) { return module_alloc(PAGE_SIZE); } void __weak free_insn_page(void *page) { module_memfree(page); } struct kprobe_insn_cache kprobe_insn_slots = { .mutex = __MUTEX_INITIALIZER(kprobe_insn_slots.mutex), .alloc = alloc_insn_page, .free = free_insn_page, .sym = KPROBE_INSN_PAGE_SYM, .pages = LIST_HEAD_INIT(kprobe_insn_slots.pages), .insn_size = MAX_INSN_SIZE, .nr_garbage = 0, }; static int collect_garbage_slots(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c); /** * __get_insn_slot() - Find a slot on an executable page for an instruction. * We allocate an executable page if there's no room on existing ones. */ kprobe_opcode_t *__get_insn_slot(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip; kprobe_opcode_t *slot = NULL; /* Since the slot array is not protected by rcu, we need a mutex */ mutex_lock(&c->mutex); retry: rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(kip, &c->pages, list) { if (kip->nused < slots_per_page(c)) { int i; for (i = 0; i < slots_per_page(c); i++) { if (kip->slot_used[i] == SLOT_CLEAN) { kip->slot_used[i] = SLOT_USED; kip->nused++; slot = kip->insns + (i * c->insn_size); rcu_read_unlock(); goto out; } } /* kip->nused is broken. Fix it. */ kip->nused = slots_per_page(c); WARN_ON(1); } } rcu_read_unlock(); /* If there are any garbage slots, collect it and try again. */ if (c->nr_garbage && collect_garbage_slots(c) == 0) goto retry; /* All out of space. Need to allocate a new page. */ kip = kmalloc(KPROBE_INSN_PAGE_SIZE(slots_per_page(c)), GFP_KERNEL); if (!kip) goto out; /* * Use module_alloc so this page is within +/- 2GB of where the * kernel image and loaded module images reside. This is required * so x86_64 can correctly handle the %rip-relative fixups. */ kip->insns = c->alloc(); if (!kip->insns) { kfree(kip); goto out; } INIT_LIST_HEAD(&kip->list); memset(kip->slot_used, SLOT_CLEAN, slots_per_page(c)); kip->slot_used[0] = SLOT_USED; kip->nused = 1; kip->ngarbage = 0; kip->cache = c; list_add_rcu(&kip->list, &c->pages); slot = kip->insns; /* Record the perf ksymbol register event after adding the page */ perf_event_ksymbol(PERF_RECORD_KSYMBOL_TYPE_OOL, (unsigned long)kip->insns, PAGE_SIZE, false, c->sym); out: mutex_unlock(&c->mutex); return slot; } /* Return 1 if all garbages are collected, otherwise 0. */ static int collect_one_slot(struct kprobe_insn_page *kip, int idx) { kip->slot_used[idx] = SLOT_CLEAN; kip->nused--; if (kip->nused == 0) { /* * Page is no longer in use. Free it unless * it's the last one. We keep the last one * so as not to have to set it up again the * next time somebody inserts a probe. */ if (!list_is_singular(&kip->list)) { /* * Record perf ksymbol unregister event before removing * the page. */ perf_event_ksymbol(PERF_RECORD_KSYMBOL_TYPE_OOL, (unsigned long)kip->insns, PAGE_SIZE, true, kip->cache->sym); list_del_rcu(&kip->list); synchronize_rcu(); kip->cache->free(kip->insns); kfree(kip); } return 1; } return 0; } static int collect_garbage_slots(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip, *next; /* Ensure no-one is interrupted on the garbages */ synchronize_rcu(); list_for_each_entry_safe(kip, next, &c->pages, list) { int i; if (kip->ngarbage == 0) continue; kip->ngarbage = 0; /* we will collect all garbages */ for (i = 0; i < slots_per_page(c); i++) { if (kip->slot_used[i] == SLOT_DIRTY && collect_one_slot(kip, i)) break; } } c->nr_garbage = 0; return 0; } void __free_insn_slot(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c, kprobe_opcode_t *slot, int dirty) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip; long idx; mutex_lock(&c->mutex); rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(kip, &c->pages, list) { idx = ((long)slot - (long)kip->insns) / (c->insn_size * sizeof(kprobe_opcode_t)); if (idx >= 0 && idx < slots_per_page(c)) goto out; } /* Could not find this slot. */ WARN_ON(1); kip = NULL; out: rcu_read_unlock(); /* Mark and sweep: this may sleep */ if (kip) { /* Check double free */ WARN_ON(kip->slot_used[idx] != SLOT_USED); if (dirty) { kip->slot_used[idx] = SLOT_DIRTY; kip->ngarbage++; if (++c->nr_garbage > slots_per_page(c)) collect_garbage_slots(c); } else { collect_one_slot(kip, idx); } } mutex_unlock(&c->mutex); } /* * Check given address is on the page of kprobe instruction slots. * This will be used for checking whether the address on a stack * is on a text area or not. */ bool __is_insn_slot_addr(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c, unsigned long addr) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip; bool ret = false; rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(kip, &c->pages, list) { if (addr >= (unsigned long)kip->insns && addr < (unsigned long)kip->insns + PAGE_SIZE) { ret = true; break; } } rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } int kprobe_cache_get_kallsym(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c, unsigned int *symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *sym) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip; int ret = -ERANGE; rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(kip, &c->pages, list) { if ((*symnum)--) continue; strlcpy(sym, c->sym, KSYM_NAME_LEN); *type = 't'; *value = (unsigned long)kip->insns; ret = 0; break; } rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } #ifdef CONFIG_OPTPROBES /* For optimized_kprobe buffer */ struct kprobe_insn_cache kprobe_optinsn_slots = { .mutex = __MUTEX_INITIALIZER(kprobe_optinsn_slots.mutex), .alloc = alloc_insn_page, .free = free_insn_page, .sym = KPROBE_OPTINSN_PAGE_SYM, .pages = LIST_HEAD_INIT(kprobe_optinsn_slots.pages), /* .insn_size is initialized later */ .nr_garbage = 0, }; #endif #endif /* We have preemption disabled.. so it is safe to use __ versions */ static inline void set_kprobe_instance(struct kprobe *kp) { __this_cpu_write(kprobe_instance, kp); } static inline void reset_kprobe_instance(void) { __this_cpu_write(kprobe_instance, NULL); } /* * This routine is called either: * - under the kprobe_mutex - during kprobe_[un]register() * OR * - with preemption disabled - from arch/xxx/kernel/kprobes.c */ struct kprobe *get_kprobe(void *addr) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; head = &kprobe_table[hash_ptr(addr, KPROBE_HASH_BITS)]; hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(p, head, hlist, lockdep_is_held(&kprobe_mutex)) { if (p->addr == addr) return p; } return NULL; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(get_kprobe); static int aggr_pre_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs); /* Return true if the kprobe is an aggregator */ static inline int kprobe_aggrprobe(struct kprobe *p) { return p->pre_handler == aggr_pre_handler; } /* Return true(!0) if the kprobe is unused */ static inline int kprobe_unused(struct kprobe *p) { return kprobe_aggrprobe(p) && kprobe_disabled(p) && list_empty(&p->list); } /* * Keep all fields in the kprobe consistent */ static inline void copy_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p) { memcpy(&p->opcode, &ap->opcode, sizeof(kprobe_opcode_t)); memcpy(&p->ainsn, &ap->ainsn, sizeof(struct arch_specific_insn)); } #ifdef CONFIG_OPTPROBES /* NOTE: change this value only with kprobe_mutex held */ static bool kprobes_allow_optimization; /* * Call all pre_handler on the list, but ignores its return value. * This must be called from arch-dep optimized caller. */ void opt_pre_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs) { struct kprobe *kp; list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) { if (kp->pre_handler && likely(!kprobe_disabled(kp))) { set_kprobe_instance(kp); kp->pre_handler(kp, regs); } reset_kprobe_instance(); } } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(opt_pre_handler); /* Free optimized instructions and optimized_kprobe */ static void free_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); arch_remove_optimized_kprobe(op); arch_remove_kprobe(p); kfree(op); } /* Return true(!0) if the kprobe is ready for optimization. */ static inline int kprobe_optready(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; if (kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); return arch_prepared_optinsn(&op->optinsn); } return 0; } /* Return true(!0) if the kprobe is disarmed. Note: p must be on hash list */ static inline int kprobe_disarmed(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* If kprobe is not aggr/opt probe, just return kprobe is disabled */ if (!kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) return kprobe_disabled(p); op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); return kprobe_disabled(p) && list_empty(&op->list); } /* Return true(!0) if the probe is queued on (un)optimizing lists */ static int kprobe_queued(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; if (kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (!list_empty(&op->list)) return 1; } return 0; } /* * Return an optimized kprobe whose optimizing code replaces * instructions including addr (exclude breakpoint). */ static struct kprobe *get_optimized_kprobe(unsigned long addr) { int i; struct kprobe *p = NULL; struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* Don't check i == 0, since that is a breakpoint case. */ for (i = 1; !p && i < MAX_OPTIMIZED_LENGTH; i++) p = get_kprobe((void *)(addr - i)); if (p && kprobe_optready(p)) { op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (arch_within_optimized_kprobe(op, addr)) return p; } return NULL; } /* Optimization staging list, protected by kprobe_mutex */ static LIST_HEAD(optimizing_list); static LIST_HEAD(unoptimizing_list); static LIST_HEAD(freeing_list); static void kprobe_optimizer(struct work_struct *work); static DECLARE_DELAYED_WORK(optimizing_work, kprobe_optimizer); #define OPTIMIZE_DELAY 5 /* * Optimize (replace a breakpoint with a jump) kprobes listed on * optimizing_list. */ static void do_optimize_kprobes(void) { lockdep_assert_held(&text_mutex); /* * The optimization/unoptimization refers online_cpus via * stop_machine() and cpu-hotplug modifies online_cpus. * And same time, text_mutex will be held in cpu-hotplug and here. * This combination can cause a deadlock (cpu-hotplug try to lock * text_mutex but stop_machine can not be done because online_cpus * has been changed) * To avoid this deadlock, caller must have locked cpu hotplug * for preventing cpu-hotplug outside of text_mutex locking. */ lockdep_assert_cpus_held(); /* Optimization never be done when disarmed */ if (kprobes_all_disarmed || !kprobes_allow_optimization || list_empty(&optimizing_list)) return; arch_optimize_kprobes(&optimizing_list); } /* * Unoptimize (replace a jump with a breakpoint and remove the breakpoint * if need) kprobes listed on unoptimizing_list. */ static void do_unoptimize_kprobes(void) { struct optimized_kprobe *op, *tmp; lockdep_assert_held(&text_mutex); /* See comment in do_optimize_kprobes() */ lockdep_assert_cpus_held(); /* Unoptimization must be done anytime */ if (list_empty(&unoptimizing_list)) return; arch_unoptimize_kprobes(&unoptimizing_list, &freeing_list); /* Loop free_list for disarming */ list_for_each_entry_safe(op, tmp, &freeing_list, list) { /* Switching from detour code to origin */ op->kp.flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; /* Disarm probes if marked disabled */ if (kprobe_disabled(&op->kp)) arch_disarm_kprobe(&op->kp); if (kprobe_unused(&op->kp)) { /* * Remove unused probes from hash list. After waiting * for synchronization, these probes are reclaimed. * (reclaiming is done by do_free_cleaned_kprobes.) */ hlist_del_rcu(&op->kp.hlist); } else list_del_init(&op->list); } } /* Reclaim all kprobes on the free_list */ static void do_free_cleaned_kprobes(void) { struct optimized_kprobe *op, *tmp; list_for_each_entry_safe(op, tmp, &freeing_list, list) { list_del_init(&op->list); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!kprobe_unused(&op->kp))) { /* * This must not happen, but if there is a kprobe * still in use, keep it on kprobes hash list. */ continue; } free_aggr_kprobe(&op->kp); } } /* Start optimizer after OPTIMIZE_DELAY passed */ static void kick_kprobe_optimizer(void) { schedule_delayed_work(&optimizing_work, OPTIMIZE_DELAY); } /* Kprobe jump optimizer */ static void kprobe_optimizer(struct work_struct *work) { mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); cpus_read_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); /* * Step 1: Unoptimize kprobes and collect cleaned (unused and disarmed) * kprobes before waiting for quiesence period. */ do_unoptimize_kprobes(); /* * Step 2: Wait for quiesence period to ensure all potentially * preempted tasks to have normally scheduled. Because optprobe * may modify multiple instructions, there is a chance that Nth * instruction is preempted. In that case, such tasks can return * to 2nd-Nth byte of jump instruction. This wait is for avoiding it. * Note that on non-preemptive kernel, this is transparently converted * to synchronoze_sched() to wait for all interrupts to have completed. */ synchronize_rcu_tasks(); /* Step 3: Optimize kprobes after quiesence period */ do_optimize_kprobes(); /* Step 4: Free cleaned kprobes after quiesence period */ do_free_cleaned_kprobes(); mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); cpus_read_unlock(); /* Step 5: Kick optimizer again if needed */ if (!list_empty(&optimizing_list) || !list_empty(&unoptimizing_list)) kick_kprobe_optimizer(); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } /* Wait for completing optimization and unoptimization */ void wait_for_kprobe_optimizer(void) { mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); while (!list_empty(&optimizing_list) || !list_empty(&unoptimizing_list)) { mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); /* this will also make optimizing_work execute immmediately */ flush_delayed_work(&optimizing_work); /* @optimizing_work might not have been queued yet, relax */ cpu_relax(); mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); } mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } static bool optprobe_queued_unopt(struct optimized_kprobe *op) { struct optimized_kprobe *_op; list_for_each_entry(_op, &unoptimizing_list, list) { if (op == _op) return true; } return false; } /* Optimize kprobe if p is ready to be optimized */ static void optimize_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* Check if the kprobe is disabled or not ready for optimization. */ if (!kprobe_optready(p) || !kprobes_allow_optimization || (kprobe_disabled(p) || kprobes_all_disarmed)) return; /* kprobes with post_handler can not be optimized */ if (p->post_handler) return; op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); /* Check there is no other kprobes at the optimized instructions */ if (arch_check_optimized_kprobe(op) < 0) return; /* Check if it is already optimized. */ if (op->kp.flags & KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED) { if (optprobe_queued_unopt(op)) { /* This is under unoptimizing. Just dequeue the probe */ list_del_init(&op->list); } return; } op->kp.flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; /* On unoptimizing/optimizing_list, op must have OPTIMIZED flag */ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&op->list))) return; list_add(&op->list, &optimizing_list); kick_kprobe_optimizer(); } /* Short cut to direct unoptimizing */ static void force_unoptimize_kprobe(struct optimized_kprobe *op) { lockdep_assert_cpus_held(); arch_unoptimize_kprobe(op); op->kp.flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; } /* Unoptimize a kprobe if p is optimized */ static void unoptimize_kprobe(struct kprobe *p, bool force) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; if (!kprobe_aggrprobe(p) || kprobe_disarmed(p)) return; /* This is not an optprobe nor optimized */ op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (!kprobe_optimized(p)) return; if (!list_empty(&op->list)) { if (optprobe_queued_unopt(op)) { /* Queued in unoptimizing queue */ if (force) { /* * Forcibly unoptimize the kprobe here, and queue it * in the freeing list for release afterwards. */ force_unoptimize_kprobe(op); list_move(&op->list, &freeing_list); } } else { /* Dequeue from the optimizing queue */ list_del_init(&op->list); op->kp.flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; } return; } /* Optimized kprobe case */ if (force) { /* Forcibly update the code: this is a special case */ force_unoptimize_kprobe(op); } else { list_add(&op->list, &unoptimizing_list); kick_kprobe_optimizer(); } } /* Cancel unoptimizing for reusing */ static int reuse_unused_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* * Unused kprobe MUST be on the way of delayed unoptimizing (means * there is still a relative jump) and disabled. */ op = container_of(ap, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); WARN_ON_ONCE(list_empty(&op->list)); /* Enable the probe again */ ap->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; /* Optimize it again (remove from op->list) */ if (!kprobe_optready(ap)) return -EINVAL; optimize_kprobe(ap); return 0; } /* Remove optimized instructions */ static void kill_optimized_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (!list_empty(&op->list)) /* Dequeue from the (un)optimization queue */ list_del_init(&op->list); op->kp.flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; if (kprobe_unused(p)) { /* Enqueue if it is unused */ list_add(&op->list, &freeing_list); /* * Remove unused probes from the hash list. After waiting * for synchronization, this probe is reclaimed. * (reclaiming is done by do_free_cleaned_kprobes().) */ hlist_del_rcu(&op->kp.hlist); } /* Don't touch the code, because it is already freed. */ arch_remove_optimized_kprobe(op); } static inline void __prepare_optimized_kprobe(struct optimized_kprobe *op, struct kprobe *p) { if (!kprobe_ftrace(p)) arch_prepare_optimized_kprobe(op, p); } /* Try to prepare optimized instructions */ static void prepare_optimized_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); __prepare_optimized_kprobe(op, p); } /* Allocate new optimized_kprobe and try to prepare optimized instructions */ static struct kprobe *alloc_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; op = kzalloc(sizeof(struct optimized_kprobe), GFP_KERNEL); if (!op) return NULL; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&op->list); op->kp.addr = p->addr; __prepare_optimized_kprobe(op, p); return &op->kp; } static void init_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p); /* * Prepare an optimized_kprobe and optimize it * NOTE: p must be a normal registered kprobe */ static void try_to_optimize_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *ap; struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* Impossible to optimize ftrace-based kprobe */ if (kprobe_ftrace(p)) return; /* For preparing optimization, jump_label_text_reserved() is called */ cpus_read_lock(); jump_label_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); ap = alloc_aggr_kprobe(p); if (!ap) goto out; op = container_of(ap, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (!arch_prepared_optinsn(&op->optinsn)) { /* If failed to setup optimizing, fallback to kprobe */ arch_remove_optimized_kprobe(op); kfree(op); goto out; } init_aggr_kprobe(ap, p); optimize_kprobe(ap); /* This just kicks optimizer thread */ out: mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); jump_label_unlock(); cpus_read_unlock(); } static void optimize_all_kprobes(void) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* If optimization is already allowed, just return */ if (kprobes_allow_optimization) goto out; cpus_read_lock(); kprobes_allow_optimization = true; for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) if (!kprobe_disabled(p)) optimize_kprobe(p); } cpus_read_unlock(); printk(KERN_INFO "Kprobes globally optimized\n"); out: mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL static void unoptimize_all_kprobes(void) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* If optimization is already prohibited, just return */ if (!kprobes_allow_optimization) { mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return; } cpus_read_lock(); kprobes_allow_optimization = false; for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (!kprobe_disabled(p)) unoptimize_kprobe(p, false); } } cpus_read_unlock(); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Wait for unoptimizing completion */ wait_for_kprobe_optimizer(); printk(KERN_INFO "Kprobes globally unoptimized\n"); } static DEFINE_MUTEX(kprobe_sysctl_mutex); int sysctl_kprobes_optimization; int proc_kprobes_optimization_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *length, loff_t *ppos) { int ret; mutex_lock(&kprobe_sysctl_mutex); sysctl_kprobes_optimization = kprobes_allow_optimization ? 1 : 0; ret = proc_dointvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, length, ppos); if (sysctl_kprobes_optimization) optimize_all_kprobes(); else unoptimize_all_kprobes(); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_sysctl_mutex); return ret; } #endif /* CONFIG_SYSCTL */ /* Put a breakpoint for a probe. Must be called with text_mutex locked */ static void __arm_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *_p; /* Check collision with other optimized kprobes */ _p = get_optimized_kprobe((unsigned long)p->addr); if (unlikely(_p)) /* Fallback to unoptimized kprobe */ unoptimize_kprobe(_p, true); arch_arm_kprobe(p); optimize_kprobe(p); /* Try to optimize (add kprobe to a list) */ } /* Remove the breakpoint of a probe. Must be called with text_mutex locked */ static void __disarm_kprobe(struct kprobe *p, bool reopt) { struct kprobe *_p; /* Try to unoptimize */ unoptimize_kprobe(p, kprobes_all_disarmed); if (!kprobe_queued(p)) { arch_disarm_kprobe(p); /* If another kprobe was blocked, optimize it. */ _p = get_optimized_kprobe((unsigned long)p->addr); if (unlikely(_p) && reopt) optimize_kprobe(_p); } /* TODO: reoptimize others after unoptimized this probe */ } #else /* !CONFIG_OPTPROBES */ #define optimize_kprobe(p) do {} while (0) #define unoptimize_kprobe(p, f) do {} while (0) #define kill_optimized_kprobe(p) do {} while (0) #define prepare_optimized_kprobe(p) do {} while (0) #define try_to_optimize_kprobe(p) do {} while (0) #define __arm_kprobe(p) arch_arm_kprobe(p) #define __disarm_kprobe(p, o) arch_disarm_kprobe(p) #define kprobe_disarmed(p) kprobe_disabled(p) #define wait_for_kprobe_optimizer() do {} while (0) static int reuse_unused_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap) { /* * If the optimized kprobe is NOT supported, the aggr kprobe is * released at the same time that the last aggregated kprobe is * unregistered. * Thus there should be no chance to reuse unused kprobe. */ printk(KERN_ERR "Error: There should be no unused kprobe here.\n"); return -EINVAL; } static void free_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { arch_remove_kprobe(p); kfree(p); } static struct kprobe *alloc_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { return kzalloc(sizeof(struct kprobe), GFP_KERNEL); } #endif /* CONFIG_OPTPROBES */ #ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE static struct ftrace_ops kprobe_ftrace_ops __read_mostly = { .func = kprobe_ftrace_handler, .flags = FTRACE_OPS_FL_SAVE_REGS, }; static struct ftrace_ops kprobe_ipmodify_ops __read_mostly = { .func = kprobe_ftrace_handler, .flags = FTRACE_OPS_FL_SAVE_REGS | FTRACE_OPS_FL_IPMODIFY, }; static int kprobe_ipmodify_enabled; static int kprobe_ftrace_enabled; /* Must ensure p->addr is really on ftrace */ static int prepare_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { if (!kprobe_ftrace(p)) return arch_prepare_kprobe(p); return arch_prepare_kprobe_ftrace(p); } /* Caller must lock kprobe_mutex */ static int __arm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p, struct ftrace_ops *ops, int *cnt) { int ret = 0; ret = ftrace_set_filter_ip(ops, (unsigned long)p->addr, 0, 0); if (ret) { pr_debug("Failed to arm kprobe-ftrace at %pS (%d)\n", p->addr, ret); return ret; } if (*cnt == 0) { ret = register_ftrace_function(ops); if (ret) { pr_debug("Failed to init kprobe-ftrace (%d)\n", ret); goto err_ftrace; } } (*cnt)++; return ret; err_ftrace: /* * At this point, sinec ops is not registered, we should be sefe from * registering empty filter. */ ftrace_set_filter_ip(ops, (unsigned long)p->addr, 1, 0); return ret; } static int arm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p) { bool ipmodify = (p->post_handler != NULL); return __arm_kprobe_ftrace(p, ipmodify ? &kprobe_ipmodify_ops : &kprobe_ftrace_ops, ipmodify ? &kprobe_ipmodify_enabled : &kprobe_ftrace_enabled); } /* Caller must lock kprobe_mutex */ static int __disarm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p, struct ftrace_ops *ops, int *cnt) { int ret = 0; if (*cnt == 1) { ret = unregister_ftrace_function(ops); if (WARN(ret < 0, "Failed to unregister kprobe-ftrace (%d)\n", ret)) return ret; } (*cnt)--; ret = ftrace_set_filter_ip(ops, (unsigned long)p->addr, 1, 0); WARN_ONCE(ret < 0, "Failed to disarm kprobe-ftrace at %pS (%d)\n", p->addr, ret); return ret; } static int disarm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p) { bool ipmodify = (p->post_handler != NULL); return __disarm_kprobe_ftrace(p, ipmodify ? &kprobe_ipmodify_ops : &kprobe_ftrace_ops, ipmodify ? &kprobe_ipmodify_enabled : &kprobe_ftrace_enabled); } #else /* !CONFIG_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE */ static inline int prepare_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { return arch_prepare_kprobe(p); } static inline int arm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p) { return -ENODEV; } static inline int disarm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p) { return -ENODEV; } #endif /* Arm a kprobe with text_mutex */ static int arm_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp) { if (unlikely(kprobe_ftrace(kp))) return arm_kprobe_ftrace(kp); cpus_read_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); __arm_kprobe(kp); mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); cpus_read_unlock(); return 0; } /* Disarm a kprobe with text_mutex */ static int disarm_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp, bool reopt) { if (unlikely(kprobe_ftrace(kp))) return disarm_kprobe_ftrace(kp); cpus_read_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); __disarm_kprobe(kp, reopt); mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); cpus_read_unlock(); return 0; } /* * Aggregate handlers for multiple kprobes support - these handlers * take care of invoking the individual kprobe handlers on p->list */ static int aggr_pre_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs) { struct kprobe *kp; list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) { if (kp->pre_handler && likely(!kprobe_disabled(kp))) { set_kprobe_instance(kp); if (kp->pre_handler(kp, regs)) return 1; } reset_kprobe_instance(); } return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(aggr_pre_handler); static void aggr_post_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long flags) { struct kprobe *kp; list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) { if (kp->post_handler && likely(!kprobe_disabled(kp))) { set_kprobe_instance(kp); kp->post_handler(kp, regs, flags); reset_kprobe_instance(); } } } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(aggr_post_handler); static int aggr_fault_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs, int trapnr) { struct kprobe *cur = __this_cpu_read(kprobe_instance); /* * if we faulted "during" the execution of a user specified * probe handler, invoke just that probe's fault handler */ if (cur && cur->fault_handler) { if (cur->fault_handler(cur, regs, trapnr)) return 1; } return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(aggr_fault_handler); /* Walks the list and increments nmissed count for multiprobe case */ void kprobes_inc_nmissed_count(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *kp; if (!kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { p->nmissed++; } else { list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) kp->nmissed++; } return; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kprobes_inc_nmissed_count); static void recycle_rp_inst(struct kretprobe_instance *ri) { struct kretprobe *rp = ri->rp; /* remove rp inst off the rprobe_inst_table */ hlist_del(&ri->hlist); INIT_HLIST_NODE(&ri->hlist); if (likely(rp)) { raw_spin_lock(&rp->lock); hlist_add_head(&ri->hlist, &rp->free_instances); raw_spin_unlock(&rp->lock); } else kfree_rcu(ri, rcu); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(recycle_rp_inst); static void kretprobe_hash_lock(struct task_struct *tsk, struct hlist_head **head, unsigned long *flags) __acquires(hlist_lock) { unsigned long hash = hash_ptr(tsk, KPROBE_HASH_BITS); raw_spinlock_t *hlist_lock; *head = &kretprobe_inst_table[hash]; hlist_lock = kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(hash); /* * Nested is a workaround that will soon not be needed. * There's other protections that make sure the same lock * is not taken on the same CPU that lockdep is unaware of. * Differentiate when it is taken in NMI context. */ raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(hlist_lock, *flags, !!in_nmi()); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kretprobe_hash_lock); static void kretprobe_table_lock(unsigned long hash, unsigned long *flags) __acquires(hlist_lock) { raw_spinlock_t *hlist_lock = kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(hash); /* * Nested is a workaround that will soon not be needed. * There's other protections that make sure the same lock * is not taken on the same CPU that lockdep is unaware of. * Differentiate when it is taken in NMI context. */ raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(hlist_lock, *flags, !!in_nmi()); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kretprobe_table_lock); static void kretprobe_hash_unlock(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long *flags) __releases(hlist_lock) { unsigned long hash = hash_ptr(tsk, KPROBE_HASH_BITS); raw_spinlock_t *hlist_lock; hlist_lock = kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(hash); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(hlist_lock, *flags); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kretprobe_hash_unlock); static void kretprobe_table_unlock(unsigned long hash, unsigned long *flags) __releases(hlist_lock) { raw_spinlock_t *hlist_lock = kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(hash); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(hlist_lock, *flags); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kretprobe_table_unlock); static struct kprobe kprobe_busy = { .addr = (void *) get_kprobe, }; void kprobe_busy_begin(void) { struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb; preempt_disable(); __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, &kprobe_busy); kcb = get_kprobe_ctlblk(); kcb->kprobe_status = KPROBE_HIT_ACTIVE; } void kprobe_busy_end(void) { __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, NULL); preempt_enable(); } /* * This function is called from finish_task_switch when task tk becomes dead, * so that we can recycle any function-return probe instances associated * with this task. These left over instances represent probed functions * that have been called but will never return. */ void kprobe_flush_task(struct task_struct *tk) { struct kretprobe_instance *ri; struct hlist_head *head; struct hlist_node *tmp; unsigned long hash, flags = 0; if (unlikely(!kprobes_initialized)) /* Early boot. kretprobe_table_locks not yet initialized. */ return; kprobe_busy_begin(); hash = hash_ptr(tk, KPROBE_HASH_BITS); head = &kretprobe_inst_table[hash]; kretprobe_table_lock(hash, &flags); hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, tmp, head, hlist) { if (ri->task == tk) recycle_rp_inst(ri); } kretprobe_table_unlock(hash, &flags); kprobe_busy_end(); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kprobe_flush_task); static inline void free_rp_inst(struct kretprobe *rp) { struct kretprobe_instance *ri; struct hlist_node *next; hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, next, &rp->free_instances, hlist) { hlist_del(&ri->hlist); kfree(ri); } } static void cleanup_rp_inst(struct kretprobe *rp) { unsigned long flags, hash; struct kretprobe_instance *ri; struct hlist_node *next; struct hlist_head *head; /* To avoid recursive kretprobe by NMI, set kprobe busy here */ kprobe_busy_begin(); for (hash = 0; hash < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; hash++) { kretprobe_table_lock(hash, &flags); head = &kretprobe_inst_table[hash]; hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, next, head, hlist) { if (ri->rp == rp) ri->rp = NULL; } kretprobe_table_unlock(hash, &flags); } kprobe_busy_end(); free_rp_inst(rp); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(cleanup_rp_inst); /* Add the new probe to ap->list */ static int add_new_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p) { if (p->post_handler) unoptimize_kprobe(ap, true); /* Fall back to normal kprobe */ list_add_rcu(&p->list, &ap->list); if (p->post_handler && !ap->post_handler) ap->post_handler = aggr_post_handler; return 0; } /* * Fill in the required fields of the "manager kprobe". Replace the * earlier kprobe in the hlist with the manager kprobe */ static void init_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p) { /* Copy p's insn slot to ap */ copy_kprobe(p, ap); flush_insn_slot(ap); ap->addr = p->addr; ap->flags = p->flags & ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; ap->pre_handler = aggr_pre_handler; ap->fault_handler = aggr_fault_handler; /* We don't care the kprobe which has gone. */ if (p->post_handler && !kprobe_gone(p)) ap->post_handler = aggr_post_handler; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ap->list); INIT_HLIST_NODE(&ap->hlist); list_add_rcu(&p->list, &ap->list); hlist_replace_rcu(&p->hlist, &ap->hlist); } /* * This is the second or subsequent kprobe at the address - handle * the intricacies */ static int register_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *orig_p, struct kprobe *p) { int ret = 0; struct kprobe *ap = orig_p; cpus_read_lock(); /* For preparing optimization, jump_label_text_reserved() is called */ jump_label_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); if (!kprobe_aggrprobe(orig_p)) { /* If orig_p is not an aggr_kprobe, create new aggr_kprobe. */ ap = alloc_aggr_kprobe(orig_p); if (!ap) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } init_aggr_kprobe(ap, orig_p); } else if (kprobe_unused(ap)) { /* This probe is going to die. Rescue it */ ret = reuse_unused_kprobe(ap); if (ret) goto out; } if (kprobe_gone(ap)) { /* * Attempting to insert new probe at the same location that * had a probe in the module vaddr area which already * freed. So, the instruction slot has already been * released. We need a new slot for the new probe. */ ret = arch_prepare_kprobe(ap); if (ret) /* * Even if fail to allocate new slot, don't need to * free aggr_probe. It will be used next time, or * freed by unregister_kprobe. */ goto out; /* Prepare optimized instructions if possible. */ prepare_optimized_kprobe(ap); /* * Clear gone flag to prevent allocating new slot again, and * set disabled flag because it is not armed yet. */ ap->flags = (ap->flags & ~KPROBE_FLAG_GONE) | KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; } /* Copy ap's insn slot to p */ copy_kprobe(ap, p); ret = add_new_kprobe(ap, p); out: mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); jump_label_unlock(); cpus_read_unlock(); if (ret == 0 && kprobe_disabled(ap) && !kprobe_disabled(p)) { ap->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; if (!kprobes_all_disarmed) { /* Arm the breakpoint again. */ ret = arm_kprobe(ap); if (ret) { ap->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; list_del_rcu(&p->list); synchronize_rcu(); } } } return ret; } bool __weak arch_within_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long addr) { /* The __kprobes marked functions and entry code must not be probed */ return addr >= (unsigned long)__kprobes_text_start && addr < (unsigned long)__kprobes_text_end; } static bool __within_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long addr) { struct kprobe_blacklist_entry *ent; if (arch_within_kprobe_blacklist(addr)) return true; /* * If there exists a kprobe_blacklist, verify and * fail any probe registration in the prohibited area */ list_for_each_entry(ent, &kprobe_blacklist, list) { if (addr >= ent->start_addr && addr < ent->end_addr) return true; } return false; } bool within_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long addr) { char symname[KSYM_NAME_LEN], *p; if (__within_kprobe_blacklist(addr)) return true; /* Check if the address is on a suffixed-symbol */ if (!lookup_symbol_name(addr, symname)) { p = strchr(symname, '.'); if (!p) return false; *p = '\0'; addr = (unsigned long)kprobe_lookup_name(symname, 0); if (addr) return __within_kprobe_blacklist(addr); } return false; } /* * If we have a symbol_name argument, look it up and add the offset field * to it. This way, we can specify a relative address to a symbol. * This returns encoded errors if it fails to look up symbol or invalid * combination of parameters. */ static kprobe_opcode_t *_kprobe_addr(kprobe_opcode_t *addr, const char *symbol_name, unsigned int offset) { if ((symbol_name && addr) || (!symbol_name && !addr)) goto invalid; if (symbol_name) { addr = kprobe_lookup_name(symbol_name, offset); if (!addr) return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); } addr = (kprobe_opcode_t *)(((char *)addr) + offset); if (addr) return addr; invalid: return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } static kprobe_opcode_t *kprobe_addr(struct kprobe *p) { return _kprobe_addr(p->addr, p->symbol_name, p->offset); } /* Check passed kprobe is valid and return kprobe in kprobe_table. */ static struct kprobe *__get_valid_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *ap, *list_p; lockdep_assert_held(&kprobe_mutex); ap = get_kprobe(p->addr); if (unlikely(!ap)) return NULL; if (p != ap) { list_for_each_entry(list_p, &ap->list, list) if (list_p == p) /* kprobe p is a valid probe */ goto valid; return NULL; } valid: return ap; } /* Return error if the kprobe is being re-registered */ static inline int check_kprobe_rereg(struct kprobe *p) { int ret = 0; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); if (__get_valid_kprobe(p)) ret = -EINVAL; mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return ret; } int __weak arch_check_ftrace_location(struct kprobe *p) { unsigned long ftrace_addr; ftrace_addr = ftrace_location((unsigned long)p->addr); if (ftrace_addr) { #ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE /* Given address is not on the instruction boundary */ if ((unsigned long)p->addr != ftrace_addr) return -EILSEQ; p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_FTRACE; #else /* !CONFIG_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE */ return -EINVAL; #endif } return 0; } static int check_kprobe_address_safe(struct kprobe *p, struct module **probed_mod) { int ret; ret = arch_check_ftrace_location(p); if (ret) return ret; jump_label_lock(); preempt_disable(); /* Ensure it is not in reserved area nor out of text */ if (!kernel_text_address((unsigned long) p->addr) || within_kprobe_blacklist((unsigned long) p->addr) || jump_label_text_reserved(p->addr, p->addr) || static_call_text_reserved(p->addr, p->addr) || find_bug((unsigned long)p->addr)) { ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } /* Check if are we probing a module */ *probed_mod = __module_text_address((unsigned long) p->addr); if (*probed_mod) { /* * We must hold a refcount of the probed module while updating * its code to prohibit unexpected unloading. */ if (unlikely(!try_module_get(*probed_mod))) { ret = -ENOENT; goto out; } /* * If the module freed .init.text, we couldn't insert * kprobes in there. */ if (within_module_init((unsigned long)p->addr, *probed_mod) && (*probed_mod)->state != MODULE_STATE_COMING) { module_put(*probed_mod); *probed_mod = NULL; ret = -ENOENT; } } out: preempt_enable(); jump_label_unlock(); return ret; } int register_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { int ret; struct kprobe *old_p; struct module *probed_mod; kprobe_opcode_t *addr; /* Adjust probe address from symbol */ addr = kprobe_addr(p); if (IS_ERR(addr)) return PTR_ERR(addr); p->addr = addr; ret = check_kprobe_rereg(p); if (ret) return ret; /* User can pass only KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED to register_kprobe */ p->flags &= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; p->nmissed = 0; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->list); ret = check_kprobe_address_safe(p, &probed_mod); if (ret) return ret; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); old_p = get_kprobe(p->addr); if (old_p) { /* Since this may unoptimize old_p, locking text_mutex. */ ret = register_aggr_kprobe(old_p, p); goto out; } cpus_read_lock(); /* Prevent text modification */ mutex_lock(&text_mutex); ret = prepare_kprobe(p); mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); cpus_read_unlock(); if (ret) goto out; INIT_HLIST_NODE(&p->hlist); hlist_add_head_rcu(&p->hlist, &kprobe_table[hash_ptr(p->addr, KPROBE_HASH_BITS)]); if (!kprobes_all_disarmed && !kprobe_disabled(p)) { ret = arm_kprobe(p); if (ret) { hlist_del_rcu(&p->hlist); synchronize_rcu(); goto out; } } /* Try to optimize kprobe */ try_to_optimize_kprobe(p); out: mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); if (probed_mod) module_put(probed_mod); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kprobe); /* Check if all probes on the aggrprobe are disabled */ static int aggr_kprobe_disabled(struct kprobe *ap) { struct kprobe *kp; lockdep_assert_held(&kprobe_mutex); list_for_each_entry(kp, &ap->list, list) if (!kprobe_disabled(kp)) /* * There is an active probe on the list. * We can't disable this ap. */ return 0; return 1; } /* Disable one kprobe: Make sure called under kprobe_mutex is locked */ static struct kprobe *__disable_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *orig_p; int ret; /* Get an original kprobe for return */ orig_p = __get_valid_kprobe(p); if (unlikely(orig_p == NULL)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); if (!kprobe_disabled(p)) { /* Disable probe if it is a child probe */ if (p != orig_p) p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; /* Try to disarm and disable this/parent probe */ if (p == orig_p || aggr_kprobe_disabled(orig_p)) { /* * If kprobes_all_disarmed is set, orig_p * should have already been disarmed, so * skip unneed disarming process. */ if (!kprobes_all_disarmed) { ret = disarm_kprobe(orig_p, true); if (ret) { p->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; return ERR_PTR(ret); } } orig_p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; } } return orig_p; } /* * Unregister a kprobe without a scheduler synchronization. */ static int __unregister_kprobe_top(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *ap, *list_p; /* Disable kprobe. This will disarm it if needed. */ ap = __disable_kprobe(p); if (IS_ERR(ap)) return PTR_ERR(ap); if (ap == p) /* * This probe is an independent(and non-optimized) kprobe * (not an aggrprobe). Remove from the hash list. */ goto disarmed; /* Following process expects this probe is an aggrprobe */ WARN_ON(!kprobe_aggrprobe(ap)); if (list_is_singular(&ap->list) && kprobe_disarmed(ap)) /* * !disarmed could be happen if the probe is under delayed * unoptimizing. */ goto disarmed; else { /* If disabling probe has special handlers, update aggrprobe */ if (p->post_handler && !kprobe_gone(p)) { list_for_each_entry(list_p, &ap->list, list) { if ((list_p != p) && (list_p->post_handler)) goto noclean; } ap->post_handler = NULL; } noclean: /* * Remove from the aggrprobe: this path will do nothing in * __unregister_kprobe_bottom(). */ list_del_rcu(&p->list); if (!kprobe_disabled(ap) && !kprobes_all_disarmed) /* * Try to optimize this probe again, because post * handler may have been changed. */ optimize_kprobe(ap); } return 0; disarmed: hlist_del_rcu(&ap->hlist); return 0; } static void __unregister_kprobe_bottom(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *ap; if (list_empty(&p->list)) /* This is an independent kprobe */ arch_remove_kprobe(p); else if (list_is_singular(&p->list)) { /* This is the last child of an aggrprobe */ ap = list_entry(p->list.next, struct kprobe, list); list_del(&p->list); free_aggr_kprobe(ap); } /* Otherwise, do nothing. */ } int register_kprobes(struct kprobe **kps, int num) { int i, ret = 0; if (num <= 0) return -EINVAL; for (i = 0; i < num; i++) { ret = register_kprobe(kps[i]); if (ret < 0) { if (i > 0) unregister_kprobes(kps, i); break; } } return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kprobes); void unregister_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { unregister_kprobes(&p, 1); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kprobe); void unregister_kprobes(struct kprobe **kps, int num) { int i; if (num <= 0) return; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) if (__unregister_kprobe_top(kps[i]) < 0) kps[i]->addr = NULL; mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); synchronize_rcu(); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) if (kps[i]->addr) __unregister_kprobe_bottom(kps[i]); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kprobes); int __weak kprobe_exceptions_notify(struct notifier_block *self, unsigned long val, void *data) { return NOTIFY_DONE; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kprobe_exceptions_notify); static struct notifier_block kprobe_exceptions_nb = { .notifier_call = kprobe_exceptions_notify, .priority = 0x7fffffff /* we need to be notified first */ }; unsigned long __weak arch_deref_entry_point(void *entry) { return (unsigned long)entry; } #ifdef CONFIG_KRETPROBES unsigned long __kretprobe_trampoline_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, void *trampoline_address, void *frame_pointer) { struct kretprobe_instance *ri = NULL, *last = NULL; struct hlist_head *head; struct hlist_node *tmp; unsigned long flags; kprobe_opcode_t *correct_ret_addr = NULL; bool skipped = false; kretprobe_hash_lock(current, &head, &flags); /* * It is possible to have multiple instances associated with a given * task either because multiple functions in the call path have * return probes installed on them, and/or more than one * return probe was registered for a target function. * * We can handle this because: * - instances are always pushed into the head of the list * - when multiple return probes are registered for the same * function, the (chronologically) first instance's ret_addr * will be the real return address, and all the rest will * point to kretprobe_trampoline. */ hlist_for_each_entry(ri, head, hlist) { if (ri->task != current) /* another task is sharing our hash bucket */ continue; /* * Return probes must be pushed on this hash list correct * order (same as return order) so that it can be popped * correctly. However, if we find it is pushed it incorrect * order, this means we find a function which should not be * probed, because the wrong order entry is pushed on the * path of processing other kretprobe itself. */ if (ri->fp != frame_pointer) { if (!skipped) pr_warn("kretprobe is stacked incorrectly. Trying to fixup.\n"); skipped = true; continue; } correct_ret_addr = ri->ret_addr; if (skipped) pr_warn("%ps must be blacklisted because of incorrect kretprobe order\n", ri->rp->kp.addr); if (correct_ret_addr != trampoline_address) /* * This is the real return address. Any other * instances associated with this task are for * other calls deeper on the call stack */ break; } BUG_ON(!correct_ret_addr || (correct_ret_addr == trampoline_address)); last = ri; hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, tmp, head, hlist) { if (ri->task != current) /* another task is sharing our hash bucket */ continue; if (ri->fp != frame_pointer) continue; if (ri->rp && ri->rp->handler) { struct kprobe *prev = kprobe_running(); __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, &ri->rp->kp); ri->ret_addr = correct_ret_addr; ri->rp->handler(ri, regs); __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, prev); } recycle_rp_inst(ri); if (ri == last) break; } kretprobe_hash_unlock(current, &flags); return (unsigned long)correct_ret_addr; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(__kretprobe_trampoline_handler) /* * This kprobe pre_handler is registered with every kretprobe. When probe * hits it will set up the return probe. */ static int pre_handler_kretprobe(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs) { struct kretprobe *rp = container_of(p, struct kretprobe, kp); unsigned long hash, flags = 0; struct kretprobe_instance *ri; /* TODO: consider to only swap the RA after the last pre_handler fired */ hash = hash_ptr(current, KPROBE_HASH_BITS); /* * Nested is a workaround that will soon not be needed. * There's other protections that make sure the same lock * is not taken on the same CPU that lockdep is unaware of. */ raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(&rp->lock, flags, 1); if (!hlist_empty(&rp->free_instances)) { ri = hlist_entry(rp->free_instances.first, struct kretprobe_instance, hlist); hlist_del(&ri->hlist); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rp->lock, flags); ri->rp = rp; ri->task = current; if (rp->entry_handler && rp->entry_handler(ri, regs)) { raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(&rp->lock, flags, 1); hlist_add_head(&ri->hlist, &rp->free_instances); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rp->lock, flags); return 0; } arch_prepare_kretprobe(ri, regs); /* XXX(hch): why is there no hlist_move_head? */ INIT_HLIST_NODE(&ri->hlist); kretprobe_table_lock(hash, &flags); hlist_add_head(&ri->hlist, &kretprobe_inst_table[hash]); kretprobe_table_unlock(hash, &flags); } else { rp->nmissed++; raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rp->lock, flags); } return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(pre_handler_kretprobe); bool __weak arch_kprobe_on_func_entry(unsigned long offset) { return !offset; } /** * kprobe_on_func_entry() -- check whether given address is function entry * @addr: Target address * @sym: Target symbol name * @offset: The offset from the symbol or the address * * This checks whether the given @addr+@offset or @sym+@offset is on the * function entry address or not. * This returns 0 if it is the function entry, or -EINVAL if it is not. * And also it returns -ENOENT if it fails the symbol or address lookup. * Caller must pass @addr or @sym (either one must be NULL), or this * returns -EINVAL. */ int kprobe_on_func_entry(kprobe_opcode_t *addr, const char *sym, unsigned long offset) { kprobe_opcode_t *kp_addr = _kprobe_addr(addr, sym, offset); if (IS_ERR(kp_addr)) return PTR_ERR(kp_addr); if (!kallsyms_lookup_size_offset((unsigned long)kp_addr, NULL, &offset)) return -ENOENT; if (!arch_kprobe_on_func_entry(offset)) return -EINVAL; return 0; } int register_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp) { int ret; struct kretprobe_instance *inst; int i; void *addr; ret = kprobe_on_func_entry(rp->kp.addr, rp->kp.symbol_name, rp->kp.offset); if (ret) return ret; /* If only rp->kp.addr is specified, check reregistering kprobes */ if (rp->kp.addr && check_kprobe_rereg(&rp->kp)) return -EINVAL; if (kretprobe_blacklist_size) { addr = kprobe_addr(&rp->kp); if (IS_ERR(addr)) return PTR_ERR(addr); for (i = 0; kretprobe_blacklist[i].name != NULL; i++) { if (kretprobe_blacklist[i].addr == addr) return -EINVAL; } } if (rp->data_size > KRETPROBE_MAX_DATA_SIZE) return -E2BIG; rp->kp.pre_handler = pre_handler_kretprobe; rp->kp.post_handler = NULL; rp->kp.fault_handler = NULL; /* Pre-allocate memory for max kretprobe instances */ if (rp->maxactive <= 0) { #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPTION rp->maxactive = max_t(unsigned int, 10, 2*num_possible_cpus()); #else rp->maxactive = num_possible_cpus(); #endif } raw_spin_lock_init(&rp->lock); INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&rp->free_instances); for (i = 0; i < rp->maxactive; i++) { inst = kmalloc(sizeof(struct kretprobe_instance) + rp->data_size, GFP_KERNEL); if (inst == NULL) { free_rp_inst(rp); return -ENOMEM; } INIT_HLIST_NODE(&inst->hlist); hlist_add_head(&inst->hlist, &rp->free_instances); } rp->nmissed = 0; /* Establish function entry probe point */ ret = register_kprobe(&rp->kp); if (ret != 0) free_rp_inst(rp); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kretprobe); int register_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num) { int ret = 0, i; if (num <= 0) return -EINVAL; for (i = 0; i < num; i++) { ret = register_kretprobe(rps[i]); if (ret < 0) { if (i > 0) unregister_kretprobes(rps, i); break; } } return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kretprobes); void unregister_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp) { unregister_kretprobes(&rp, 1); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kretprobe); void unregister_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num) { int i; if (num <= 0) return; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) if (__unregister_kprobe_top(&rps[i]->kp) < 0) rps[i]->kp.addr = NULL; mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); synchronize_rcu(); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) { if (rps[i]->kp.addr) { __unregister_kprobe_bottom(&rps[i]->kp); cleanup_rp_inst(rps[i]); } } } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kretprobes); #else /* CONFIG_KRETPROBES */ int register_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp) { return -ENOSYS; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kretprobe); int register_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num) { return -ENOSYS; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kretprobes); void unregister_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp) { } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kretprobe); void unregister_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num) { } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kretprobes); static int pre_handler_kretprobe(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs) { return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(pre_handler_kretprobe); #endif /* CONFIG_KRETPROBES */ /* Set the kprobe gone and remove its instruction buffer. */ static void kill_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *kp; lockdep_assert_held(&kprobe_mutex); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(kprobe_gone(p))) return; p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_GONE; if (kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { /* * If this is an aggr_kprobe, we have to list all the * chained probes and mark them GONE. */ list_for_each_entry(kp, &p->list, list) kp->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_GONE; p->post_handler = NULL; kill_optimized_kprobe(p); } /* * Here, we can remove insn_slot safely, because no thread calls * the original probed function (which will be freed soon) any more. */ arch_remove_kprobe(p); /* * The module is going away. We should disarm the kprobe which * is using ftrace, because ftrace framework is still available at * MODULE_STATE_GOING notification. */ if (kprobe_ftrace(p) && !kprobe_disabled(p) && !kprobes_all_disarmed) disarm_kprobe_ftrace(p); } /* Disable one kprobe */ int disable_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp) { int ret = 0; struct kprobe *p; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Disable this kprobe */ p = __disable_kprobe(kp); if (IS_ERR(p)) ret = PTR_ERR(p); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(disable_kprobe); /* Enable one kprobe */ int enable_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp) { int ret = 0; struct kprobe *p; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Check whether specified probe is valid. */ p = __get_valid_kprobe(kp); if (unlikely(p == NULL)) { ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } if (kprobe_gone(kp)) { /* This kprobe has gone, we couldn't enable it. */ ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } if (p != kp) kp->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; if (!kprobes_all_disarmed && kprobe_disabled(p)) { p->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; ret = arm_kprobe(p); if (ret) p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; } out: mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(enable_kprobe); /* Caller must NOT call this in usual path. This is only for critical case */ void dump_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp) { pr_err("Dumping kprobe:\n"); pr_err("Name: %s\nOffset: %x\nAddress: %pS\n", kp->symbol_name, kp->offset, kp->addr); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(dump_kprobe); int kprobe_add_ksym_blacklist(unsigned long entry) { struct kprobe_blacklist_entry *ent; unsigned long offset = 0, size = 0; if (!kernel_text_address(entry) || !kallsyms_lookup_size_offset(entry, &size, &offset)) return -EINVAL; ent = kmalloc(sizeof(*ent), GFP_KERNEL); if (!ent) return -ENOMEM; ent->start_addr = entry; ent->end_addr = entry + size; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ent->list); list_add_tail(&ent->list, &kprobe_blacklist); return (int)size; } /* Add all symbols in given area into kprobe blacklist */ int kprobe_add_area_blacklist(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { unsigned long entry; int ret = 0; for (entry = start; entry < end; entry += ret) { ret = kprobe_add_ksym_blacklist(entry); if (ret < 0) return ret; if (ret == 0) /* In case of alias symbol */ ret = 1; } return 0; } /* Remove all symbols in given area from kprobe blacklist */ static void kprobe_remove_area_blacklist(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { struct kprobe_blacklist_entry *ent, *n; list_for_each_entry_safe(ent, n, &kprobe_blacklist, list) { if (ent->start_addr < start || ent->start_addr >= end) continue; list_del(&ent->list); kfree(ent); } } static void kprobe_remove_ksym_blacklist(unsigned long entry) { kprobe_remove_area_blacklist(entry, entry + 1); } int __weak arch_kprobe_get_kallsym(unsigned int *symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *sym) { return -ERANGE; } int kprobe_get_kallsym(unsigned int symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *sym) { #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_KPROBES_INSN_SLOT if (!kprobe_cache_get_kallsym(&kprobe_insn_slots, &symnum, value, type, sym)) return 0; #ifdef CONFIG_OPTPROBES if (!kprobe_cache_get_kallsym(&kprobe_optinsn_slots, &symnum, value, type, sym)) return 0; #endif #endif if (!arch_kprobe_get_kallsym(&symnum, value, type, sym)) return 0; return -ERANGE; } int __init __weak arch_populate_kprobe_blacklist(void) { return 0; } /* * Lookup and populate the kprobe_blacklist. * * Unlike the kretprobe blacklist, we'll need to determine * the range of addresses that belong to the said functions, * since a kprobe need not necessarily be at the beginning * of a function. */ static int __init populate_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long *start, unsigned long *end) { unsigned long entry; unsigned long *iter; int ret; for (iter = start; iter < end; iter++) { entry = arch_deref_entry_point((void *)*iter); ret = kprobe_add_ksym_blacklist(entry); if (ret == -EINVAL) continue; if (ret < 0) return ret; } /* Symbols in __kprobes_text are blacklisted */ ret = kprobe_add_area_blacklist((unsigned long)__kprobes_text_start, (unsigned long)__kprobes_text_end); if (ret) return ret; /* Symbols in noinstr section are blacklisted */ ret = kprobe_add_area_blacklist((unsigned long)__noinstr_text_start, (unsigned long)__noinstr_text_end); return ret ? : arch_populate_kprobe_blacklist(); } static void add_module_kprobe_blacklist(struct module *mod) { unsigned long start, end; int i; if (mod->kprobe_blacklist) { for (i = 0; i < mod->num_kprobe_blacklist; i++) kprobe_add_ksym_blacklist(mod->kprobe_blacklist[i]); } start = (unsigned long)mod->kprobes_text_start; if (start) { end = start + mod->kprobes_text_size; kprobe_add_area_blacklist(start, end); } start = (unsigned long)mod->noinstr_text_start; if (start) { end = start + mod->noinstr_text_size; kprobe_add_area_blacklist(start, end); } } static void remove_module_kprobe_blacklist(struct module *mod) { unsigned long start, end; int i; if (mod->kprobe_blacklist) { for (i = 0; i < mod->num_kprobe_blacklist; i++) kprobe_remove_ksym_blacklist(mod->kprobe_blacklist[i]); } start = (unsigned long)mod->kprobes_text_start; if (start) { end = start + mod->kprobes_text_size; kprobe_remove_area_blacklist(start, end); } start = (unsigned long)mod->noinstr_text_start; if (start) { end = start + mod->noinstr_text_size; kprobe_remove_area_blacklist(start, end); } } /* Module notifier call back, checking kprobes on the module */ static int kprobes_module_callback(struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned long val, void *data) { struct module *mod = data; struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i; int checkcore = (val == MODULE_STATE_GOING); if (val == MODULE_STATE_COMING) { mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); add_module_kprobe_blacklist(mod); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } if (val != MODULE_STATE_GOING && val != MODULE_STATE_LIVE) return NOTIFY_DONE; /* * When MODULE_STATE_GOING was notified, both of module .text and * .init.text sections would be freed. When MODULE_STATE_LIVE was * notified, only .init.text section would be freed. We need to * disable kprobes which have been inserted in the sections. */ mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (kprobe_gone(p)) continue; if (within_module_init((unsigned long)p->addr, mod) || (checkcore && within_module_core((unsigned long)p->addr, mod))) { /* * The vaddr this probe is installed will soon * be vfreed buy not synced to disk. Hence, * disarming the breakpoint isn't needed. * * Note, this will also move any optimized probes * that are pending to be removed from their * corresponding lists to the freeing_list and * will not be touched by the delayed * kprobe_optimizer work handler. */ kill_kprobe(p); } } } if (val == MODULE_STATE_GOING) remove_module_kprobe_blacklist(mod); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return NOTIFY_DONE; } static struct notifier_block kprobe_module_nb = { .notifier_call = kprobes_module_callback, .priority = 0 }; /* Markers of _kprobe_blacklist section */ extern unsigned long __start_kprobe_blacklist[]; extern unsigned long __stop_kprobe_blacklist[]; void kprobe_free_init_mem(void) { void *start = (void *)(&__init_begin); void *end = (void *)(&__init_end); struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; int i; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Kill all kprobes on initmem */ for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (start <= (void *)p->addr && (void *)p->addr < end) kill_kprobe(p); } } mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } static int __init init_kprobes(void) { int i, err = 0; /* FIXME allocate the probe table, currently defined statically */ /* initialize all list heads */ for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&kprobe_table[i]); INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&kretprobe_inst_table[i]); raw_spin_lock_init(&(kretprobe_table_locks[i].lock)); } err = populate_kprobe_blacklist(__start_kprobe_blacklist, __stop_kprobe_blacklist); if (err) { pr_err("kprobes: failed to populate blacklist: %d\n", err); pr_err("Please take care of using kprobes.\n"); } if (kretprobe_blacklist_size) { /* lookup the function address from its name */ for (i = 0; kretprobe_blacklist[i].name != NULL; i++) { kretprobe_blacklist[i].addr = kprobe_lookup_name(kretprobe_blacklist[i].name, 0); if (!kretprobe_blacklist[i].addr) printk("kretprobe: lookup failed: %s\n", kretprobe_blacklist[i].name); } } /* By default, kprobes are armed */ kprobes_all_disarmed = false; #if defined(CONFIG_OPTPROBES) && defined(__ARCH_WANT_KPROBES_INSN_SLOT) /* Init kprobe_optinsn_slots for allocation */ kprobe_optinsn_slots.insn_size = MAX_OPTINSN_SIZE; #endif err = arch_init_kprobes(); if (!err) err = register_die_notifier(&kprobe_exceptions_nb); if (!err) err = register_module_notifier(&kprobe_module_nb); kprobes_initialized = (err == 0); if (!err) init_test_probes(); return err; } early_initcall(init_kprobes); #if defined(CONFIG_OPTPROBES) static int __init init_optprobes(void) { /* * Enable kprobe optimization - this kicks the optimizer which * depends on synchronize_rcu_tasks() and ksoftirqd, that is * not spawned in early initcall. So delay the optimization. */ optimize_all_kprobes(); return 0; } subsys_initcall(init_optprobes); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS static void report_probe(struct seq_file *pi, struct kprobe *p, const char *sym, int offset, char *modname, struct kprobe *pp) { char *kprobe_type; void *addr = p->addr; if (p->pre_handler == pre_handler_kretprobe) kprobe_type = "r"; else kprobe_type = "k"; if (!kallsyms_show_value(pi->file->f_cred)) addr = NULL; if (sym) seq_printf(pi, "%px %s %s+0x%x %s ", addr, kprobe_type, sym, offset, (modname ? modname : " ")); else /* try to use %pS */ seq_printf(pi, "%px %s %pS ", addr, kprobe_type, p->addr); if (!pp) pp = p; seq_printf(pi, "%s%s%s%s\n", (kprobe_gone(p) ? "[GONE]" : ""), ((kprobe_disabled(p) && !kprobe_gone(p)) ? "[DISABLED]" : ""), (kprobe_optimized(pp) ? "[OPTIMIZED]" : ""), (kprobe_ftrace(pp) ? "[FTRACE]" : "")); } static void *kprobe_seq_start(struct seq_file *f, loff_t *pos) { return (*pos < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE) ? pos : NULL; } static void *kprobe_seq_next(struct seq_file *f, void *v, loff_t *pos) { (*pos)++; if (*pos >= KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE) return NULL; return pos; } static void kprobe_seq_stop(struct seq_file *f, void *v) { /* Nothing to do */ } static int show_kprobe_addr(struct seq_file *pi, void *v) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p, *kp; const char *sym = NULL; unsigned int i = *(loff_t *) v; unsigned long offset = 0; char *modname, namebuf[KSYM_NAME_LEN]; head = &kprobe_table[i]; preempt_disable(); hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(p, head, hlist) { sym = kallsyms_lookup((unsigned long)p->addr, NULL, &offset, &modname, namebuf); if (kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) report_probe(pi, kp, sym, offset, modname, p); } else report_probe(pi, p, sym, offset, modname, NULL); } preempt_enable(); return 0; } static const struct seq_operations kprobes_sops = { .start = kprobe_seq_start, .next = kprobe_seq_next, .stop = kprobe_seq_stop, .show = show_kprobe_addr }; DEFINE_SEQ_ATTRIBUTE(kprobes); /* kprobes/blacklist -- shows which functions can not be probed */ static void *kprobe_blacklist_seq_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos) { mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); return seq_list_start(&kprobe_blacklist, *pos); } static void *kprobe_blacklist_seq_next(struct seq_file *m, void *v, loff_t *pos) { return seq_list_next(v, &kprobe_blacklist, pos); } static int kprobe_blacklist_seq_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { struct kprobe_blacklist_entry *ent = list_entry(v, struct kprobe_blacklist_entry, list); /* * If /proc/kallsyms is not showing kernel address, we won't * show them here either. */ if (!kallsyms_show_value(m->file->f_cred)) seq_printf(m, "0x%px-0x%px\t%ps\n", NULL, NULL, (void *)ent->start_addr); else seq_printf(m, "0x%px-0x%px\t%ps\n", (void *)ent->start_addr, (void *)ent->end_addr, (void *)ent->start_addr); return 0; } static void kprobe_blacklist_seq_stop(struct seq_file *f, void *v) { mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } static const struct seq_operations kprobe_blacklist_sops = { .start = kprobe_blacklist_seq_start, .next = kprobe_blacklist_seq_next, .stop = kprobe_blacklist_seq_stop, .show = kprobe_blacklist_seq_show, }; DEFINE_SEQ_ATTRIBUTE(kprobe_blacklist); static int arm_all_kprobes(void) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i, total = 0, errors = 0; int err, ret = 0; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* If kprobes are armed, just return */ if (!kprobes_all_disarmed) goto already_enabled; /* * optimize_kprobe() called by arm_kprobe() checks * kprobes_all_disarmed, so set kprobes_all_disarmed before * arm_kprobe. */ kprobes_all_disarmed = false; /* Arming kprobes doesn't optimize kprobe itself */ for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; /* Arm all kprobes on a best-effort basis */ hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (!kprobe_disabled(p)) { err = arm_kprobe(p); if (err) { errors++; ret = err; } total++; } } } if (errors) pr_warn("Kprobes globally enabled, but failed to arm %d out of %d probes\n", errors, total); else pr_info("Kprobes globally enabled\n"); already_enabled: mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return ret; } static int disarm_all_kprobes(void) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i, total = 0, errors = 0; int err, ret = 0; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* If kprobes are already disarmed, just return */ if (kprobes_all_disarmed) { mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return 0; } kprobes_all_disarmed = true; for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; /* Disarm all kprobes on a best-effort basis */ hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (!arch_trampoline_kprobe(p) && !kprobe_disabled(p)) { err = disarm_kprobe(p, false); if (err) { errors++; ret = err; } total++; } } } if (errors) pr_warn("Kprobes globally disabled, but failed to disarm %d out of %d probes\n", errors, total); else pr_info("Kprobes globally disabled\n"); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Wait for disarming all kprobes by optimizer */ wait_for_kprobe_optimizer(); return ret; } /* * XXX: The debugfs bool file interface doesn't allow for callbacks * when the bool state is switched. We can reuse that facility when * available */ static ssize_t read_enabled_file_bool(struct file *file, char __user *user_buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { char buf[3]; if (!kprobes_all_disarmed) buf[0] = '1'; else buf[0] = '0'; buf[1] = '\n'; buf[2] = 0x00; return simple_read_from_buffer(user_buf, count, ppos, buf, 2); } static ssize_t write_enabled_file_bool(struct file *file, const char __user *user_buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { char buf[32]; size_t buf_size; int ret = 0; buf_size = min(count, (sizeof(buf)-1)); if (copy_from_user(buf, user_buf, buf_size)) return -EFAULT; buf[buf_size] = '\0'; switch (buf[0]) { case 'y': case 'Y': case '1': ret = arm_all_kprobes(); break; case 'n': case 'N': case '0': ret = disarm_all_kprobes(); break; default: return -EINVAL; } if (ret) return ret; return count; } static const struct file_operations fops_kp = { .read = read_enabled_file_bool, .write = write_enabled_file_bool, .llseek = default_llseek, }; static int __init debugfs_kprobe_init(void) { struct dentry *dir; dir = debugfs_create_dir("kprobes", NULL); debugfs_create_file("list", 0400, dir, NULL, &kprobes_fops); debugfs_create_file("enabled", 0600, dir, NULL, &fops_kp); debugfs_create_file("blacklist", 0400, dir, NULL, &kprobe_blacklist_fops); return 0; } late_initcall(debugfs_kprobe_init); #endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_FS */
1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949 950 951 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960 961 962 963 964 965 966 967 968 969 970 971 972 973 974 975 976 977 978 979 980 981 982 983 984 985 986 987 988 989 990 991 992 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+ */ /* * Read-Copy Update mechanism for mutual exclusion * * Copyright IBM Corporation, 2001 * * Author: Dipankar Sarma <dipankar@in.ibm.com> * * Based on the original work by Paul McKenney <paulmck@vnet.ibm.com> * and inputs from Rusty Russell, Andrea Arcangeli and Andi Kleen. * Papers: * http://www.rdrop.com/users/paulmck/paper/rclockpdcsproof.pdf * http://lse.sourceforge.net/locking/rclock_OLS.2001.05.01c.sc.pdf (OLS2001) * * For detailed explanation of Read-Copy Update mechanism see - * http://lse.sourceforge.net/locking/rcupdate.html * */ #ifndef __LINUX_RCUPDATE_H #define __LINUX_RCUPDATE_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/irqflags.h> #include <linux/preempt.h> #include <linux/bottom_half.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <asm/processor.h> #include <linux/cpumask.h> #define ULONG_CMP_GE(a, b) (ULONG_MAX / 2 >= (a) - (b)) #define ULONG_CMP_LT(a, b) (ULONG_MAX / 2 < (a) - (b)) #define ulong2long(a) (*(long *)(&(a))) #define USHORT_CMP_GE(a, b) (USHRT_MAX / 2 >= (unsigned short)((a) - (b))) #define USHORT_CMP_LT(a, b) (USHRT_MAX / 2 < (unsigned short)((a) - (b))) /* Exported common interfaces */ void call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head, rcu_callback_t func); void rcu_barrier_tasks(void); void rcu_barrier_tasks_rude(void); void synchronize_rcu(void); #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU void __rcu_read_lock(void); void __rcu_read_unlock(void); /* * Defined as a macro as it is a very low level header included from * areas that don't even know about current. This gives the rcu_read_lock() * nesting depth, but makes sense only if CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU -- in other * types of kernel builds, the rcu_read_lock() nesting depth is unknowable. */ #define rcu_preempt_depth() (current->rcu_read_lock_nesting) #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU */ #ifdef CONFIG_TINY_RCU #define rcu_read_unlock_strict() do { } while (0) #else void rcu_read_unlock_strict(void); #endif static inline void __rcu_read_lock(void) { preempt_disable(); } static inline void __rcu_read_unlock(void) { preempt_enable(); rcu_read_unlock_strict(); } static inline int rcu_preempt_depth(void) { return 0; } #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU */ /* Internal to kernel */ void rcu_init(void); extern int rcu_scheduler_active __read_mostly; void rcu_sched_clock_irq(int user); void rcu_report_dead(unsigned int cpu); void rcutree_migrate_callbacks(int cpu); #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU_GENERIC void rcu_init_tasks_generic(void); #else static inline void rcu_init_tasks_generic(void) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_STALL_COMMON void rcu_sysrq_start(void); void rcu_sysrq_end(void); #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_STALL_COMMON */ static inline void rcu_sysrq_start(void) { } static inline void rcu_sysrq_end(void) { } #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_STALL_COMMON */ #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL void rcu_user_enter(void); void rcu_user_exit(void); #else static inline void rcu_user_enter(void) { } static inline void rcu_user_exit(void) { } #endif /* CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL */ #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU void rcu_init_nohz(void); void rcu_nocb_flush_deferred_wakeup(void); #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU */ static inline void rcu_init_nohz(void) { } static inline void rcu_nocb_flush_deferred_wakeup(void) { } #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU */ /** * RCU_NONIDLE - Indicate idle-loop code that needs RCU readers * @a: Code that RCU needs to pay attention to. * * RCU read-side critical sections are forbidden in the inner idle loop, * that is, between the rcu_idle_enter() and the rcu_idle_exit() -- RCU * will happily ignore any such read-side critical sections. However, * things like powertop need tracepoints in the inner idle loop. * * This macro provides the way out: RCU_NONIDLE(do_something_with_RCU()) * will tell RCU that it needs to pay attention, invoke its argument * (in this example, calling the do_something_with_RCU() function), * and then tell RCU to go back to ignoring this CPU. It is permissible * to nest RCU_NONIDLE() wrappers, but not indefinitely (but the limit is * on the order of a million or so, even on 32-bit systems). It is * not legal to block within RCU_NONIDLE(), nor is it permissible to * transfer control either into or out of RCU_NONIDLE()'s statement. */ #define RCU_NONIDLE(a) \ do { \ rcu_irq_enter_irqson(); \ do { a; } while (0); \ rcu_irq_exit_irqson(); \ } while (0) /* * Note a quasi-voluntary context switch for RCU-tasks's benefit. * This is a macro rather than an inline function to avoid #include hell. */ #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU_GENERIC # ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU # define rcu_tasks_classic_qs(t, preempt) \ do { \ if (!(preempt) && READ_ONCE((t)->rcu_tasks_holdout)) \ WRITE_ONCE((t)->rcu_tasks_holdout, false); \ } while (0) void call_rcu_tasks(struct rcu_head *head, rcu_callback_t func); void synchronize_rcu_tasks(void); # else # define rcu_tasks_classic_qs(t, preempt) do { } while (0) # define call_rcu_tasks call_rcu # define synchronize_rcu_tasks synchronize_rcu # endif # ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_TRACE_RCU # define rcu_tasks_trace_qs(t) \ do { \ if (!likely(READ_ONCE((t)->trc_reader_checked)) && \ !unlikely(READ_ONCE((t)->trc_reader_nesting))) { \ smp_store_release(&(t)->trc_reader_checked, true); \ smp_mb(); /* Readers partitioned by store. */ \ } \ } while (0) # else # define rcu_tasks_trace_qs(t) do { } while (0) # endif #define rcu_tasks_qs(t, preempt) \ do { \ rcu_tasks_classic_qs((t), (preempt)); \ rcu_tasks_trace_qs((t)); \ } while (0) # ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RUDE_RCU void call_rcu_tasks_rude(struct rcu_head *head, rcu_callback_t func); void synchronize_rcu_tasks_rude(void); # endif #define rcu_note_voluntary_context_switch(t) rcu_tasks_qs(t, false) void exit_tasks_rcu_start(void); void exit_tasks_rcu_finish(void); #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU_GENERIC */ #define rcu_tasks_qs(t, preempt) do { } while (0) #define rcu_note_voluntary_context_switch(t) do { } while (0) #define call_rcu_tasks call_rcu #define synchronize_rcu_tasks synchronize_rcu static inline void exit_tasks_rcu_start(void) { } static inline void exit_tasks_rcu_finish(void) { } #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU_GENERIC */ /** * cond_resched_tasks_rcu_qs - Report potential quiescent states to RCU * * This macro resembles cond_resched(), except that it is defined to * report potential quiescent states to RCU-tasks even if the cond_resched() * machinery were to be shut off, as some advocate for PREEMPTION kernels. */ #define cond_resched_tasks_rcu_qs() \ do { \ rcu_tasks_qs(current, false); \ cond_resched(); \ } while (0) /* * Infrastructure to implement the synchronize_() primitives in * TREE_RCU and rcu_barrier_() primitives in TINY_RCU. */ #if defined(CONFIG_TREE_RCU) #include <linux/rcutree.h> #elif defined(CONFIG_TINY_RCU) #include <linux/rcutiny.h> #else #error "Unknown RCU implementation specified to kernel configuration" #endif /* * The init_rcu_head_on_stack() and destroy_rcu_head_on_stack() calls * are needed for dynamic initialization and destruction of rcu_head * on the stack, and init_rcu_head()/destroy_rcu_head() are needed for * dynamic initialization and destruction of statically allocated rcu_head * structures. However, rcu_head structures allocated dynamically in the * heap don't need any initialization. */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_RCU_HEAD void init_rcu_head(struct rcu_head *head); void destroy_rcu_head(struct rcu_head *head); void init_rcu_head_on_stack(struct rcu_head *head); void destroy_rcu_head_on_stack(struct rcu_head *head); #else /* !CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_RCU_HEAD */ static inline void init_rcu_head(struct rcu_head *head) { } static inline void destroy_rcu_head(struct rcu_head *head) { } static inline void init_rcu_head_on_stack(struct rcu_head *head) { } static inline void destroy_rcu_head_on_stack(struct rcu_head *head) { } #endif /* #else !CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_RCU_HEAD */ #if defined(CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU) && defined(CONFIG_PROVE_RCU) bool rcu_lockdep_current_cpu_online(void); #else /* #if defined(CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU) && defined(CONFIG_PROVE_RCU) */ static inline bool rcu_lockdep_current_cpu_online(void) { return true; } #endif /* #else #if defined(CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU) && defined(CONFIG_PROVE_RCU) */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC static inline void rcu_lock_acquire(struct lockdep_map *map) { lock_acquire(map, 0, 0, 2, 0, NULL, _THIS_IP_); } static inline void rcu_lock_release(struct lockdep_map *map) { lock_release(map, _THIS_IP_); } extern struct lockdep_map rcu_lock_map; extern struct lockdep_map rcu_bh_lock_map; extern struct lockdep_map rcu_sched_lock_map; extern struct lockdep_map rcu_callback_map; int debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled(void); int rcu_read_lock_held(void); int rcu_read_lock_bh_held(void); int rcu_read_lock_sched_held(void); int rcu_read_lock_any_held(void); #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC */ # define rcu_lock_acquire(a) do { } while (0) # define rcu_lock_release(a) do { } while (0) static inline int rcu_read_lock_held(void) { return 1; } static inline int rcu_read_lock_bh_held(void) { return 1; } static inline int rcu_read_lock_sched_held(void) { return !preemptible(); } static inline int rcu_read_lock_any_held(void) { return !preemptible(); } #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC */ #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU /** * RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN - emit lockdep splat if specified condition is met * @c: condition to check * @s: informative message */ #define RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(c, s) \ do { \ static bool __section(".data.unlikely") __warned; \ if ((c) && debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled() && !__warned) { \ __warned = true; \ lockdep_rcu_suspicious(__FILE__, __LINE__, s); \ } \ } while (0) #if defined(CONFIG_PROVE_RCU) && !defined(CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU) static inline void rcu_preempt_sleep_check(void) { RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(lock_is_held(&rcu_lock_map), "Illegal context switch in RCU read-side critical section"); } #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU */ static inline void rcu_preempt_sleep_check(void) { } #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU */ #define rcu_sleep_check() \ do { \ rcu_preempt_sleep_check(); \ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(lock_is_held(&rcu_bh_lock_map), \ "Illegal context switch in RCU-bh read-side critical section"); \ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(lock_is_held(&rcu_sched_lock_map), \ "Illegal context switch in RCU-sched read-side critical section"); \ } while (0) #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU */ #define RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(c, s) do { } while (0) #define rcu_sleep_check() do { } while (0) #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU */ /* * Helper functions for rcu_dereference_check(), rcu_dereference_protected() * and rcu_assign_pointer(). Some of these could be folded into their * callers, but they are left separate in order to ease introduction of * multiple pointers markings to match different RCU implementations * (e.g., __srcu), should this make sense in the future. */ #ifdef __CHECKER__ #define rcu_check_sparse(p, space) \ ((void)(((typeof(*p) space *)p) == p)) #else /* #ifdef __CHECKER__ */ #define rcu_check_sparse(p, space) #endif /* #else #ifdef __CHECKER__ */ #define __rcu_access_pointer(p, space) \ ({ \ typeof(*p) *_________p1 = (typeof(*p) *__force)READ_ONCE(p); \ rcu_check_sparse(p, space); \ ((typeof(*p) __force __kernel *)(_________p1)); \ }) #define __rcu_dereference_check(p, c, space) \ ({ \ /* Dependency order vs. p above. */ \ typeof(*p) *________p1 = (typeof(*p) *__force)READ_ONCE(p); \ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!(c), "suspicious rcu_dereference_check() usage"); \ rcu_check_sparse(p, space); \ ((typeof(*p) __force __kernel *)(________p1)); \ }) #define __rcu_dereference_protected(p, c, space) \ ({ \ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!(c), "suspicious rcu_dereference_protected() usage"); \ rcu_check_sparse(p, space); \ ((typeof(*p) __force __kernel *)(p)); \ }) #define rcu_dereference_raw(p) \ ({ \ /* Dependency order vs. p above. */ \ typeof(p) ________p1 = READ_ONCE(p); \ ((typeof(*p) __force __kernel *)(________p1)); \ }) /** * RCU_INITIALIZER() - statically initialize an RCU-protected global variable * @v: The value to statically initialize with. */ #define RCU_INITIALIZER(v) (typeof(*(v)) __force __rcu *)(v) /** * rcu_assign_pointer() - assign to RCU-protected pointer * @p: pointer to assign to * @v: value to assign (publish) * * Assigns the specified value to the specified RCU-protected * pointer, ensuring that any concurrent RCU readers will see * any prior initialization. * * Inserts memory barriers on architectures that require them * (which is most of them), and also prevents the compiler from * reordering the code that initializes the structure after the pointer * assignment. More importantly, this call documents which pointers * will be dereferenced by RCU read-side code. * * In some special cases, you may use RCU_INIT_POINTER() instead * of rcu_assign_pointer(). RCU_INIT_POINTER() is a bit faster due * to the fact that it does not constrain either the CPU or the compiler. * That said, using RCU_INIT_POINTER() when you should have used * rcu_assign_pointer() is a very bad thing that results in * impossible-to-diagnose memory corruption. So please be careful. * See the RCU_INIT_POINTER() comment header for details. * * Note that rcu_assign_pointer() evaluates each of its arguments only * once, appearances notwithstanding. One of the "extra" evaluations * is in typeof() and the other visible only to sparse (__CHECKER__), * neither of which actually execute the argument. As with most cpp * macros, this execute-arguments-only-once property is important, so * please be careful when making changes to rcu_assign_pointer() and the * other macros that it invokes. */ #define rcu_assign_pointer(p, v) \ do { \ uintptr_t _r_a_p__v = (uintptr_t)(v); \ rcu_check_sparse(p, __rcu); \ \ if (__builtin_constant_p(v) && (_r_a_p__v) == (uintptr_t)NULL) \ WRITE_ONCE((p), (typeof(p))(_r_a_p__v)); \ else \ smp_store_release(&p, RCU_INITIALIZER((typeof(p))_r_a_p__v)); \ } while (0) /** * rcu_replace_pointer() - replace an RCU pointer, returning its old value * @rcu_ptr: RCU pointer, whose old value is returned * @ptr: regular pointer * @c: the lockdep conditions under which the dereference will take place * * Perform a replacement, where @rcu_ptr is an RCU-annotated * pointer and @c is the lockdep argument that is passed to the * rcu_dereference_protected() call used to read that pointer. The old * value of @rcu_ptr is returned, and @rcu_ptr is set to @ptr. */ #define rcu_replace_pointer(rcu_ptr, ptr, c) \ ({ \ typeof(ptr) __tmp = rcu_dereference_protected((rcu_ptr), (c)); \ rcu_assign_pointer((rcu_ptr), (ptr)); \ __tmp; \ }) /** * rcu_access_pointer() - fetch RCU pointer with no dereferencing * @p: The pointer to read * * Return the value of the specified RCU-protected pointer, but omit the * lockdep checks for being in an RCU read-side critical section. This is * useful when the value of this pointer is accessed, but the pointer is * not dereferenced, for example, when testing an RCU-protected pointer * against NULL. Although rcu_access_pointer() may also be used in cases * where update-side locks prevent the value of the pointer from changing, * you should instead use rcu_dereference_protected() for this use case. * * It is also permissible to use rcu_access_pointer() when read-side * access to the pointer was removed at least one grace period ago, as * is the case in the context of the RCU callback that is freeing up * the data, or after a synchronize_rcu() returns. This can be useful * when tearing down multi-linked structures after a grace period * has elapsed. */ #define rcu_access_pointer(p) __rcu_access_pointer((p), __rcu) /** * rcu_dereference_check() - rcu_dereference with debug checking * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * @c: The conditions under which the dereference will take place * * Do an rcu_dereference(), but check that the conditions under which the * dereference will take place are correct. Typically the conditions * indicate the various locking conditions that should be held at that * point. The check should return true if the conditions are satisfied. * An implicit check for being in an RCU read-side critical section * (rcu_read_lock()) is included. * * For example: * * bar = rcu_dereference_check(foo->bar, lockdep_is_held(&foo->lock)); * * could be used to indicate to lockdep that foo->bar may only be dereferenced * if either rcu_read_lock() is held, or that the lock required to replace * the bar struct at foo->bar is held. * * Note that the list of conditions may also include indications of when a lock * need not be held, for example during initialisation or destruction of the * target struct: * * bar = rcu_dereference_check(foo->bar, lockdep_is_held(&foo->lock) || * atomic_read(&foo->usage) == 0); * * Inserts memory barriers on architectures that require them * (currently only the Alpha), prevents the compiler from refetching * (and from merging fetches), and, more importantly, documents exactly * which pointers are protected by RCU and checks that the pointer is * annotated as __rcu. */ #define rcu_dereference_check(p, c) \ __rcu_dereference_check((p), (c) || rcu_read_lock_held(), __rcu) /** * rcu_dereference_bh_check() - rcu_dereference_bh with debug checking * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * @c: The conditions under which the dereference will take place * * This is the RCU-bh counterpart to rcu_dereference_check(). */ #define rcu_dereference_bh_check(p, c) \ __rcu_dereference_check((p), (c) || rcu_read_lock_bh_held(), __rcu) /** * rcu_dereference_sched_check() - rcu_dereference_sched with debug checking * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * @c: The conditions under which the dereference will take place * * This is the RCU-sched counterpart to rcu_dereference_check(). */ #define rcu_dereference_sched_check(p, c) \ __rcu_dereference_check((p), (c) || rcu_read_lock_sched_held(), \ __rcu) /* * The tracing infrastructure traces RCU (we want that), but unfortunately * some of the RCU checks causes tracing to lock up the system. * * The no-tracing version of rcu_dereference_raw() must not call * rcu_read_lock_held(). */ #define rcu_dereference_raw_check(p) __rcu_dereference_check((p), 1, __rcu) /** * rcu_dereference_protected() - fetch RCU pointer when updates prevented * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * @c: The conditions under which the dereference will take place * * Return the value of the specified RCU-protected pointer, but omit * the READ_ONCE(). This is useful in cases where update-side locks * prevent the value of the pointer from changing. Please note that this * primitive does *not* prevent the compiler from repeating this reference * or combining it with other references, so it should not be used without * protection of appropriate locks. * * This function is only for update-side use. Using this function * when protected only by rcu_read_lock() will result in infrequent * but very ugly failures. */ #define rcu_dereference_protected(p, c) \ __rcu_dereference_protected((p), (c), __rcu) /** * rcu_dereference() - fetch RCU-protected pointer for dereferencing * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * * This is a simple wrapper around rcu_dereference_check(). */ #define rcu_dereference(p) rcu_dereference_check(p, 0) /** * rcu_dereference_bh() - fetch an RCU-bh-protected pointer for dereferencing * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * * Makes rcu_dereference_check() do the dirty work. */ #define rcu_dereference_bh(p) rcu_dereference_bh_check(p, 0) /** * rcu_dereference_sched() - fetch RCU-sched-protected pointer for dereferencing * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * * Makes rcu_dereference_check() do the dirty work. */ #define rcu_dereference_sched(p) rcu_dereference_sched_check(p, 0) /** * rcu_pointer_handoff() - Hand off a pointer from RCU to other mechanism * @p: The pointer to hand off * * This is simply an identity function, but it documents where a pointer * is handed off from RCU to some other synchronization mechanism, for * example, reference counting or locking. In C11, it would map to * kill_dependency(). It could be used as follows:: * * rcu_read_lock(); * p = rcu_dereference(gp); * long_lived = is_long_lived(p); * if (long_lived) { * if (!atomic_inc_not_zero(p->refcnt)) * long_lived = false; * else * p = rcu_pointer_handoff(p); * } * rcu_read_unlock(); */ #define rcu_pointer_handoff(p) (p) /** * rcu_read_lock() - mark the beginning of an RCU read-side critical section * * When synchronize_rcu() is invoked on one CPU while other CPUs * are within RCU read-side critical sections, then the * synchronize_rcu() is guaranteed to block until after all the other * CPUs exit their critical sections. Similarly, if call_rcu() is invoked * on one CPU while other CPUs are within RCU read-side critical * sections, invocation of the corresponding RCU callback is deferred * until after the all the other CPUs exit their critical sections. * * Note, however, that RCU callbacks are permitted to run concurrently * with new RCU read-side critical sections. One way that this can happen * is via the following sequence of events: (1) CPU 0 enters an RCU * read-side critical section, (2) CPU 1 invokes call_rcu() to register * an RCU callback, (3) CPU 0 exits the RCU read-side critical section, * (4) CPU 2 enters a RCU read-side critical section, (5) the RCU * callback is invoked. This is legal, because the RCU read-side critical * section that was running concurrently with the call_rcu() (and which * therefore might be referencing something that the corresponding RCU * callback would free up) has completed before the corresponding * RCU callback is invoked. * * RCU read-side critical sections may be nested. Any deferred actions * will be deferred until the outermost RCU read-side critical section * completes. * * You can avoid reading and understanding the next paragraph by * following this rule: don't put anything in an rcu_read_lock() RCU * read-side critical section that would block in a !PREEMPTION kernel. * But if you want the full story, read on! * * In non-preemptible RCU implementations (pure TREE_RCU and TINY_RCU), * it is illegal to block while in an RCU read-side critical section. * In preemptible RCU implementations (PREEMPT_RCU) in CONFIG_PREEMPTION * kernel builds, RCU read-side critical sections may be preempted, * but explicit blocking is illegal. Finally, in preemptible RCU * implementations in real-time (with -rt patchset) kernel builds, RCU * read-side critical sections may be preempted and they may also block, but * only when acquiring spinlocks that are subject to priority inheritance. */ static __always_inline void rcu_read_lock(void) { __rcu_read_lock(); __acquire(RCU); rcu_lock_acquire(&rcu_lock_map); RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_is_watching(), "rcu_read_lock() used illegally while idle"); } /* * So where is rcu_write_lock()? It does not exist, as there is no * way for writers to lock out RCU readers. This is a feature, not * a bug -- this property is what provides RCU's performance benefits. * Of course, writers must coordinate with each other. The normal * spinlock primitives work well for this, but any other technique may be * used as well. RCU does not care how the writers keep out of each * others' way, as long as they do so. */ /** * rcu_read_unlock() - marks the end of an RCU read-side critical section. * * In most situations, rcu_read_unlock() is immune from deadlock. * However, in kernels built with CONFIG_RCU_BOOST, rcu_read_unlock() * is responsible for deboosting, which it does via rt_mutex_unlock(). * Unfortunately, this function acquires the scheduler's runqueue and * priority-inheritance spinlocks. This means that deadlock could result * if the caller of rcu_read_unlock() already holds one of these locks or * any lock that is ever acquired while holding them. * * That said, RCU readers are never priority boosted unless they were * preempted. Therefore, one way to avoid deadlock is to make sure * that preemption never happens within any RCU read-side critical * section whose outermost rcu_read_unlock() is called with one of * rt_mutex_unlock()'s locks held. Such preemption can be avoided in * a number of ways, for example, by invoking preempt_disable() before * critical section's outermost rcu_read_lock(). * * Given that the set of locks acquired by rt_mutex_unlock() might change * at any time, a somewhat more future-proofed approach is to make sure * that that preemption never happens within any RCU read-side critical * section whose outermost rcu_read_unlock() is called with irqs disabled. * This approach relies on the fact that rt_mutex_unlock() currently only * acquires irq-disabled locks. * * The second of these two approaches is best in most situations, * however, the first approach can also be useful, at least to those * developers willing to keep abreast of the set of locks acquired by * rt_mutex_unlock(). * * See rcu_read_lock() for more information. */ static inline void rcu_read_unlock(void) { RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_is_watching(), "rcu_read_unlock() used illegally while idle"); __release(RCU); __rcu_read_unlock(); rcu_lock_release(&rcu_lock_map); /* Keep acq info for rls diags. */ } /** * rcu_read_lock_bh() - mark the beginning of an RCU-bh critical section * * This is equivalent of rcu_read_lock(), but also disables softirqs. * Note that anything else that disables softirqs can also serve as * an RCU read-side critical section. * * Note that rcu_read_lock_bh() and the matching rcu_read_unlock_bh() * must occur in the same context, for example, it is illegal to invoke * rcu_read_unlock_bh() from one task if the matching rcu_read_lock_bh() * was invoked from some other task. */ static inline void rcu_read_lock_bh(void) { local_bh_disable(); __acquire(RCU_BH); rcu_lock_acquire(&rcu_bh_lock_map); RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_is_watching(), "rcu_read_lock_bh() used illegally while idle"); } /** * rcu_read_unlock_bh() - marks the end of a softirq-only RCU critical section * * See rcu_read_lock_bh() for more information. */ static inline void rcu_read_unlock_bh(void) { RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_is_watching(), "rcu_read_unlock_bh() used illegally while idle"); rcu_lock_release(&rcu_bh_lock_map); __release(RCU_BH); local_bh_enable(); } /** * rcu_read_lock_sched() - mark the beginning of a RCU-sched critical section * * This is equivalent of rcu_read_lock(), but disables preemption. * Read-side critical sections can also be introduced by anything else * that disables preemption, including local_irq_disable() and friends. * * Note that rcu_read_lock_sched() and the matching rcu_read_unlock_sched() * must occur in the same context, for example, it is illegal to invoke * rcu_read_unlock_sched() from process context if the matching * rcu_read_lock_sched() was invoked from an NMI handler. */ static inline void rcu_read_lock_sched(void) { preempt_disable(); __acquire(RCU_SCHED); rcu_lock_acquire(&rcu_sched_lock_map); RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_is_watching(), "rcu_read_lock_sched() used illegally while idle"); } /* Used by lockdep and tracing: cannot be traced, cannot call lockdep. */ static inline notrace void rcu_read_lock_sched_notrace(void) { preempt_disable_notrace(); __acquire(RCU_SCHED); } /** * rcu_read_unlock_sched() - marks the end of a RCU-classic critical section * * See rcu_read_lock_sched() for more information. */ static inline void rcu_read_unlock_sched(void) { RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_is_watching(), "rcu_read_unlock_sched() used illegally while idle"); rcu_lock_release(&rcu_sched_lock_map); __release(RCU_SCHED); preempt_enable(); } /* Used by lockdep and tracing: cannot be traced, cannot call lockdep. */ static inline notrace void rcu_read_unlock_sched_notrace(void) { __release(RCU_SCHED); preempt_enable_notrace(); } /** * RCU_INIT_POINTER() - initialize an RCU protected pointer * @p: The pointer to be initialized. * @v: The value to initialized the pointer to. * * Initialize an RCU-protected pointer in special cases where readers * do not need ordering constraints on the CPU or the compiler. These * special cases are: * * 1. This use of RCU_INIT_POINTER() is NULLing out the pointer *or* * 2. The caller has taken whatever steps are required to prevent * RCU readers from concurrently accessing this pointer *or* * 3. The referenced data structure has already been exposed to * readers either at compile time or via rcu_assign_pointer() *and* * * a. You have not made *any* reader-visible changes to * this structure since then *or* * b. It is OK for readers accessing this structure from its * new location to see the old state of the structure. (For * example, the changes were to statistical counters or to * other state where exact synchronization is not required.) * * Failure to follow these rules governing use of RCU_INIT_POINTER() will * result in impossible-to-diagnose memory corruption. As in the structures * will look OK in crash dumps, but any concurrent RCU readers might * see pre-initialized values of the referenced data structure. So * please be very careful how you use RCU_INIT_POINTER()!!! * * If you are creating an RCU-protected linked structure that is accessed * by a single external-to-structure RCU-protected pointer, then you may * use RCU_INIT_POINTER() to initialize the internal RCU-protected * pointers, but you must use rcu_assign_pointer() to initialize the * external-to-structure pointer *after* you have completely initialized * the reader-accessible portions of the linked structure. * * Note that unlike rcu_assign_pointer(), RCU_INIT_POINTER() provides no * ordering guarantees for either the CPU or the compiler. */ #define RCU_INIT_POINTER(p, v) \ do { \ rcu_check_sparse(p, __rcu); \ WRITE_ONCE(p, RCU_INITIALIZER(v)); \ } while (0) /** * RCU_POINTER_INITIALIZER() - statically initialize an RCU protected pointer * @p: The pointer to be initialized. * @v: The value to initialized the pointer to. * * GCC-style initialization for an RCU-protected pointer in a structure field. */ #define RCU_POINTER_INITIALIZER(p, v) \ .p = RCU_INITIALIZER(v) /* * Does the specified offset indicate that the corresponding rcu_head * structure can be handled by kvfree_rcu()? */ #define __is_kvfree_rcu_offset(offset) ((offset) < 4096) /* * Helper macro for kfree_rcu() to prevent argument-expansion eyestrain. */ #define __kvfree_rcu(head, offset) \ do { \ BUILD_BUG_ON(!__is_kvfree_rcu_offset(offset)); \ kvfree_call_rcu(head, (rcu_callback_t)(unsigned long)(offset)); \ } while (0) /** * kfree_rcu() - kfree an object after a grace period. * @ptr: pointer to kfree * @rhf: the name of the struct rcu_head within the type of @ptr. * * Many rcu callbacks functions just call kfree() on the base structure. * These functions are trivial, but their size adds up, and furthermore * when they are used in a kernel module, that module must invoke the * high-latency rcu_barrier() function at module-unload time. * * The kfree_rcu() function handles this issue. Rather than encoding a * function address in the embedded rcu_head structure, kfree_rcu() instead * encodes the offset of the rcu_head structure within the base structure. * Because the functions are not allowed in the low-order 4096 bytes of * kernel virtual memory, offsets up to 4095 bytes can be accommodated. * If the offset is larger than 4095 bytes, a compile-time error will * be generated in __kvfree_rcu(). If this error is triggered, you can * either fall back to use of call_rcu() or rearrange the structure to * position the rcu_head structure into the first 4096 bytes. * * Note that the allowable offset might decrease in the future, for example, * to allow something like kmem_cache_free_rcu(). * * The BUILD_BUG_ON check must not involve any function calls, hence the * checks are done in macros here. */ #define kfree_rcu(ptr, rhf) \ do { \ typeof (ptr) ___p = (ptr); \ \ if (___p) \ __kvfree_rcu(&((___p)->rhf), offsetof(typeof(*(ptr)), rhf)); \ } while (0) /** * kvfree_rcu() - kvfree an object after a grace period. * * This macro consists of one or two arguments and it is * based on whether an object is head-less or not. If it * has a head then a semantic stays the same as it used * to be before: * * kvfree_rcu(ptr, rhf); * * where @ptr is a pointer to kvfree(), @rhf is the name * of the rcu_head structure within the type of @ptr. * * When it comes to head-less variant, only one argument * is passed and that is just a pointer which has to be * freed after a grace period. Therefore the semantic is * * kvfree_rcu(ptr); * * where @ptr is a pointer to kvfree(). * * Please note, head-less way of freeing is permitted to * use from a context that has to follow might_sleep() * annotation. Otherwise, please switch and embed the * rcu_head structure within the type of @ptr. */ #define kvfree_rcu(...) KVFREE_GET_MACRO(__VA_ARGS__, \ kvfree_rcu_arg_2, kvfree_rcu_arg_1)(__VA_ARGS__) #define KVFREE_GET_MACRO(_1, _2, NAME, ...) NAME #define kvfree_rcu_arg_2(ptr, rhf) kfree_rcu(ptr, rhf) #define kvfree_rcu_arg_1(ptr) \ do { \ typeof(ptr) ___p = (ptr); \ \ if (___p) \ kvfree_call_rcu(NULL, (rcu_callback_t) (___p)); \ } while (0) /* * Place this after a lock-acquisition primitive to guarantee that * an UNLOCK+LOCK pair acts as a full barrier. This guarantee applies * if the UNLOCK and LOCK are executed by the same CPU or if the * UNLOCK and LOCK operate on the same lock variable. */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WEAK_RELEASE_ACQUIRE #define smp_mb__after_unlock_lock() smp_mb() /* Full ordering for lock. */ #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WEAK_RELEASE_ACQUIRE */ #define smp_mb__after_unlock_lock() do { } while (0) #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WEAK_RELEASE_ACQUIRE */ /* Has the specified rcu_head structure been handed to call_rcu()? */ /** * rcu_head_init - Initialize rcu_head for rcu_head_after_call_rcu() * @rhp: The rcu_head structure to initialize. * * If you intend to invoke rcu_head_after_call_rcu() to test whether a * given rcu_head structure has already been passed to call_rcu(), then * you must also invoke this rcu_head_init() function on it just after * allocating that structure. Calls to this function must not race with * calls to call_rcu(), rcu_head_after_call_rcu(), or callback invocation. */ static inline void rcu_head_init(struct rcu_head *rhp) { rhp->func = (rcu_callback_t)~0L; } /** * rcu_head_after_call_rcu() - Has this rcu_head been passed to call_rcu()? * @rhp: The rcu_head structure to test. * @f: The function passed to call_rcu() along with @rhp. * * Returns @true if the @rhp has been passed to call_rcu() with @func, * and @false otherwise. Emits a warning in any other case, including * the case where @rhp has already been invoked after a grace period. * Calls to this function must not race with callback invocation. One way * to avoid such races is to enclose the call to rcu_head_after_call_rcu() * in an RCU read-side critical section that includes a read-side fetch * of the pointer to the structure containing @rhp. */ static inline bool rcu_head_after_call_rcu(struct rcu_head *rhp, rcu_callback_t f) { rcu_callback_t func = READ_ONCE(rhp->func); if (func == f) return true; WARN_ON_ONCE(func != (rcu_callback_t)~0L); return false; } /* kernel/ksysfs.c definitions */ extern int rcu_expedited; extern int rcu_normal; #endif /* __LINUX_RCUPDATE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 /* * The VGA aribiter manages VGA space routing and VGA resource decode to * allow multiple VGA devices to be used in a system in a safe way. * * (C) Copyright 2005 Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> * (C) Copyright 2007 Paulo R. Zanoni <przanoni@gmail.com> * (C) Copyright 2007, 2009 Tiago Vignatti <vignatti@freedesktop.org> * * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a * copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), * to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation * the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, * and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the * Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions: * * The above copyright notice and this permission notice (including the next * paragraph) shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the * Software. * * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL * THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING * FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER * DEALINGS * IN THE SOFTWARE. * */ #ifndef LINUX_VGA_H #define LINUX_VGA_H #include <video/vga.h> /* Legacy VGA regions */ #define VGA_RSRC_NONE 0x00 #define VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_IO 0x01 #define VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MEM 0x02 #define VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MASK (VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_IO | VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MEM) /* Non-legacy access */ #define VGA_RSRC_NORMAL_IO 0x04 #define VGA_RSRC_NORMAL_MEM 0x08 /* Passing that instead of a pci_dev to use the system "default" * device, that is the one used by vgacon. Archs will probably * have to provide their own vga_default_device(); */ #define VGA_DEFAULT_DEVICE (NULL) struct pci_dev; /* For use by clients */ /** * vga_set_legacy_decoding * * @pdev: pci device of the VGA card * @decodes: bit mask of what legacy regions the card decodes * * Indicates to the arbiter if the card decodes legacy VGA IOs, * legacy VGA Memory, both, or none. All cards default to both, * the card driver (fbdev for example) should tell the arbiter * if it has disabled legacy decoding, so the card can be left * out of the arbitration process (and can be safe to take * interrupts at any time. */ #if defined(CONFIG_VGA_ARB) extern void vga_set_legacy_decoding(struct pci_dev *pdev, unsigned int decodes); #else static inline void vga_set_legacy_decoding(struct pci_dev *pdev, unsigned int decodes) { }; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_VGA_ARB) extern int vga_get(struct pci_dev *pdev, unsigned int rsrc, int interruptible); #else static inline int vga_get(struct pci_dev *pdev, unsigned int rsrc, int interruptible) { return 0; } #endif /** * vga_get_interruptible * @pdev: pci device of the VGA card or NULL for the system default * @rsrc: bit mask of resources to acquire and lock * * Shortcut to vga_get with interruptible set to true. * * On success, release the VGA resource again with vga_put(). */ static inline int vga_get_interruptible(struct pci_dev *pdev, unsigned int rsrc) { return vga_get(pdev, rsrc, 1); } /** * vga_get_uninterruptible - shortcut to vga_get() * @pdev: pci device of the VGA card or NULL for the system default * @rsrc: bit mask of resources to acquire and lock * * Shortcut to vga_get with interruptible set to false. * * On success, release the VGA resource again with vga_put(). */ static inline int vga_get_uninterruptible(struct pci_dev *pdev, unsigned int rsrc) { return vga_get(pdev, rsrc, 0); } #if defined(CONFIG_VGA_ARB) extern void vga_put(struct pci_dev *pdev, unsigned int rsrc); #else #define vga_put(pdev, rsrc) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_VGA_ARB extern struct pci_dev *vga_default_device(void); extern void vga_set_default_device(struct pci_dev *pdev); extern int vga_remove_vgacon(struct pci_dev *pdev); #else static inline struct pci_dev *vga_default_device(void) { return NULL; }; static inline void vga_set_default_device(struct pci_dev *pdev) { }; static inline int vga_remove_vgacon(struct pci_dev *pdev) { return 0; }; #endif /* * Architectures should define this if they have several * independent PCI domains that can afford concurrent VGA * decoding */ #ifndef __ARCH_HAS_VGA_CONFLICT static inline int vga_conflicts(struct pci_dev *p1, struct pci_dev *p2) { return 1; } #endif #if defined(CONFIG_VGA_ARB) int vga_client_register(struct pci_dev *pdev, void *cookie, void (*irq_set_state)(void *cookie, bool state), unsigned int (*set_vga_decode)(void *cookie, bool state)); #else static inline int vga_client_register(struct pci_dev *pdev, void *cookie, void (*irq_set_state)(void *cookie, bool state), unsigned int (*set_vga_decode)(void *cookie, bool state)) { return 0; } #endif #endif /* LINUX_VGA_H */
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_PAGE_64_H #define _ASM_X86_PAGE_64_H #include <asm/page_64_types.h> #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <asm/alternative.h> /* duplicated to the one in bootmem.h */ extern unsigned long max_pfn; extern unsigned long phys_base; extern unsigned long page_offset_base; extern unsigned long vmalloc_base; extern unsigned long vmemmap_base; static inline unsigned long __phys_addr_nodebug(unsigned long x) { unsigned long y = x - __START_KERNEL_map; /* use the carry flag to determine if x was < __START_KERNEL_map */ x = y + ((x > y) ? phys_base : (__START_KERNEL_map - PAGE_OFFSET)); return x; } #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VIRTUAL extern unsigned long __phys_addr(unsigned long); extern unsigned long __phys_addr_symbol(unsigned long); #else #define __phys_addr(x) __phys_addr_nodebug(x) #define __phys_addr_symbol(x) \ ((unsigned long)(x) - __START_KERNEL_map + phys_base) #endif #define __phys_reloc_hide(x) (x) #ifdef CONFIG_FLATMEM #define pfn_valid(pfn) ((pfn) < max_pfn) #endif void clear_page_orig(void *page); void clear_page_rep(void *page); void clear_page_erms(void *page); static inline void clear_page(void *page) { alternative_call_2(clear_page_orig, clear_page_rep, X86_FEATURE_REP_GOOD, clear_page_erms, X86_FEATURE_ERMS, "=D" (page), "0" (page) : "cc", "memory", "rax", "rcx"); } void copy_page(void *to, void *from); #endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_VSYSCALL_EMULATION # define __HAVE_ARCH_GATE_AREA 1 #endif #endif /* _ASM_X86_PAGE_64_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_HIGHMEM_H #define _LINUX_HIGHMEM_H #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/hardirq.h> #include <asm/cacheflush.h> #ifndef ARCH_HAS_FLUSH_ANON_PAGE static inline void flush_anon_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page *page, unsigned long vmaddr) { } #endif #ifndef ARCH_HAS_FLUSH_KERNEL_DCACHE_PAGE static inline void flush_kernel_dcache_page(struct page *page) { } static inline void flush_kernel_vmap_range(void *vaddr, int size) { } static inline void invalidate_kernel_vmap_range(void *vaddr, int size) { } #endif #include <asm/kmap_types.h> #ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM extern void *kmap_atomic_high_prot(struct page *page, pgprot_t prot); extern void kunmap_atomic_high(void *kvaddr); #include <asm/highmem.h> #ifndef ARCH_HAS_KMAP_FLUSH_TLB static inline void kmap_flush_tlb(unsigned long addr) { } #endif #ifndef kmap_prot #define kmap_prot PAGE_KERNEL #endif void *kmap_high(struct page *page); static inline void *kmap(struct page *page) { void *addr; might_sleep(); if (!PageHighMem(page)) addr = page_address(page); else addr = kmap_high(page); kmap_flush_tlb((unsigned long)addr); return addr; } void kunmap_high(struct page *page); static inline void kunmap(struct page *page) { might_sleep(); if (!PageHighMem(page)) return; kunmap_high(page); } /* * kmap_atomic/kunmap_atomic is significantly faster than kmap/kunmap because * no global lock is needed and because the kmap code must perform a global TLB * invalidation when the kmap pool wraps. * * However when holding an atomic kmap it is not legal to sleep, so atomic * kmaps are appropriate for short, tight code paths only. * * The use of kmap_atomic/kunmap_atomic is discouraged - kmap/kunmap * gives a more generic (and caching) interface. But kmap_atomic can * be used in IRQ contexts, so in some (very limited) cases we need * it. */ static inline void *kmap_atomic_prot(struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { preempt_disable(); pagefault_disable(); if (!PageHighMem(page)) return page_address(page); return kmap_atomic_high_prot(page, prot); } #define kmap_atomic(page) kmap_atomic_prot(page, kmap_prot) /* declarations for linux/mm/highmem.c */ unsigned int nr_free_highpages(void); extern atomic_long_t _totalhigh_pages; static inline unsigned long totalhigh_pages(void) { return (unsigned long)atomic_long_read(&_totalhigh_pages); } static inline void totalhigh_pages_inc(void) { atomic_long_inc(&_totalhigh_pages); } static inline void totalhigh_pages_dec(void) { atomic_long_dec(&_totalhigh_pages); } static inline void totalhigh_pages_add(long count) { atomic_long_add(count, &_totalhigh_pages); } static inline void totalhigh_pages_set(long val) { atomic_long_set(&_totalhigh_pages, val); } void kmap_flush_unused(void); struct page *kmap_to_page(void *addr); #else /* CONFIG_HIGHMEM */ static inline unsigned int nr_free_highpages(void) { return 0; } static inline struct page *kmap_to_page(void *addr) { return virt_to_page(addr); } static inline unsigned long totalhigh_pages(void) { return 0UL; } static inline void *kmap(struct page *page) { might_sleep(); return page_address(page); } static inline void kunmap_high(struct page *page) { } static inline void kunmap(struct page *page) { #ifdef ARCH_HAS_FLUSH_ON_KUNMAP kunmap_flush_on_unmap(page_address(page)); #endif } static inline void *kmap_atomic(struct page *page) { preempt_disable(); pagefault_disable(); return page_address(page); } #define kmap_atomic_prot(page, prot) kmap_atomic(page) static inline void kunmap_atomic_high(void *addr) { /* * Mostly nothing to do in the CONFIG_HIGHMEM=n case as kunmap_atomic() * handles re-enabling faults + preemption */ #ifdef ARCH_HAS_FLUSH_ON_KUNMAP kunmap_flush_on_unmap(addr); #endif } #define kmap_atomic_pfn(pfn) kmap_atomic(pfn_to_page(pfn)) #define kmap_flush_unused() do {} while(0) #endif /* CONFIG_HIGHMEM */ #if defined(CONFIG_HIGHMEM) || defined(CONFIG_X86_32) DECLARE_PER_CPU(int, __kmap_atomic_idx); static inline int kmap_atomic_idx_push(void) { int idx = __this_cpu_inc_return(__kmap_atomic_idx) - 1; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_HIGHMEM WARN_ON_ONCE(in_irq() && !irqs_disabled()); BUG_ON(idx >= KM_TYPE_NR); #endif return idx; } static inline int kmap_atomic_idx(void) { return __this_cpu_read(__kmap_atomic_idx) - 1; } static inline void kmap_atomic_idx_pop(void) { #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_HIGHMEM int idx = __this_cpu_dec_return(__kmap_atomic_idx); BUG_ON(idx < 0); #else __this_cpu_dec(__kmap_atomic_idx); #endif } #endif /* * Prevent people trying to call kunmap_atomic() as if it were kunmap() * kunmap_atomic() should get the return value of kmap_atomic, not the page. */ #define kunmap_atomic(addr) \ do { \ BUILD_BUG_ON(__same_type((addr), struct page *)); \ kunmap_atomic_high(addr); \ pagefault_enable(); \ preempt_enable(); \ } while (0) /* when CONFIG_HIGHMEM is not set these will be plain clear/copy_page */ #ifndef clear_user_highpage static inline void clear_user_highpage(struct page *page, unsigned long vaddr) { void *addr = kmap_atomic(page); clear_user_page(addr, vaddr, page); kunmap_atomic(addr); } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_ALLOC_ZEROED_USER_HIGHPAGE /** * __alloc_zeroed_user_highpage - Allocate a zeroed HIGHMEM page for a VMA with caller-specified movable GFP flags * @movableflags: The GFP flags related to the pages future ability to move like __GFP_MOVABLE * @vma: The VMA the page is to be allocated for * @vaddr: The virtual address the page will be inserted into * * This function will allocate a page for a VMA but the caller is expected * to specify via movableflags whether the page will be movable in the * future or not * * An architecture may override this function by defining * __HAVE_ARCH_ALLOC_ZEROED_USER_HIGHPAGE and providing their own * implementation. */ static inline struct page * __alloc_zeroed_user_highpage(gfp_t movableflags, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long vaddr) { struct page *page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER | movableflags, vma, vaddr); if (page) clear_user_highpage(page, vaddr); return page; } #endif /** * alloc_zeroed_user_highpage_movable - Allocate a zeroed HIGHMEM page for a VMA that the caller knows can move * @vma: The VMA the page is to be allocated for * @vaddr: The virtual address the page will be inserted into * * This function will allocate a page for a VMA that the caller knows will * be able to migrate in the future using move_pages() or reclaimed */ static inline struct page * alloc_zeroed_user_highpage_movable(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long vaddr) { return __alloc_zeroed_user_highpage(__GFP_MOVABLE, vma, vaddr); } static inline void clear_highpage(struct page *page) { void *kaddr = kmap_atomic(page); clear_page(kaddr); kunmap_atomic(kaddr); } static inline void zero_user_segments(struct page *page, unsigned start1, unsigned end1, unsigned start2, unsigned end2) { void *kaddr = kmap_atomic(page); BUG_ON(end1 > PAGE_SIZE || end2 > PAGE_SIZE); if (end1 > start1) memset(kaddr + start1, 0, end1 - start1); if (end2 > start2) memset(kaddr + start2, 0, end2 - start2); kunmap_atomic(kaddr); flush_dcache_page(page); } static inline void zero_user_segment(struct page *page, unsigned start, unsigned end) { zero_user_segments(page, start, end, 0, 0); } static inline void zero_user(struct page *page, unsigned start, unsigned size) { zero_user_segments(page, start, start + size, 0, 0); } #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_COPY_USER_HIGHPAGE static inline void copy_user_highpage(struct page *to, struct page *from, unsigned long vaddr, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { char *vfrom, *vto; vfrom = kmap_atomic(from); vto = kmap_atomic(to); copy_user_page(vto, vfrom, vaddr, to); kunmap_atomic(vto); kunmap_atomic(vfrom); } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_COPY_HIGHPAGE static inline void copy_highpage(struct page *to, struct page *from) { char *vfrom, *vto; vfrom = kmap_atomic(from); vto = kmap_atomic(to); copy_page(vto, vfrom); kunmap_atomic(vto); kunmap_atomic(vfrom); } #endif #endif /* _LINUX_HIGHMEM_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_MSR_H #define _ASM_X86_MSR_H #include "msr-index.h" #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <asm/asm.h> #include <asm/errno.h> #include <asm/cpumask.h> #include <uapi/asm/msr.h> struct msr { union { struct { u32 l; u32 h; }; u64 q; }; }; struct msr_info { u32 msr_no; struct msr reg; struct msr *msrs; int err; }; struct msr_regs_info { u32 *regs; int err; }; struct saved_msr { bool valid; struct msr_info info; }; struct saved_msrs { unsigned int num; struct saved_msr *array; }; /* * both i386 and x86_64 returns 64-bit value in edx:eax, but gcc's "A" * constraint has different meanings. For i386, "A" means exactly * edx:eax, while for x86_64 it doesn't mean rdx:rax or edx:eax. Instead, * it means rax *or* rdx. */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 /* Using 64-bit values saves one instruction clearing the high half of low */ #define DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high) unsigned long low, high #define EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high) ((low) | (high) << 32) #define EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high) "=a" (low), "=d" (high) #else #define DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high) unsigned long long val #define EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high) (val) #define EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high) "=A" (val) #endif /* * Be very careful with includes. This header is prone to include loops. */ #include <asm/atomic.h> #include <linux/tracepoint-defs.h> #ifdef CONFIG_TRACEPOINTS DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(read_msr); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(write_msr); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(rdpmc); extern void do_trace_write_msr(unsigned int msr, u64 val, int failed); extern void do_trace_read_msr(unsigned int msr, u64 val, int failed); extern void do_trace_rdpmc(unsigned int msr, u64 val, int failed); #else static inline void do_trace_write_msr(unsigned int msr, u64 val, int failed) {} static inline void do_trace_read_msr(unsigned int msr, u64 val, int failed) {} static inline void do_trace_rdpmc(unsigned int msr, u64 val, int failed) {} #endif /* * __rdmsr() and __wrmsr() are the two primitives which are the bare minimum MSR * accessors and should not have any tracing or other functionality piggybacking * on them - those are *purely* for accessing MSRs and nothing more. So don't even * think of extending them - you will be slapped with a stinking trout or a frozen * shark will reach you, wherever you are! You've been warned. */ static __always_inline unsigned long long __rdmsr(unsigned int msr) { DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high); asm volatile("1: rdmsr\n" "2:\n" _ASM_EXTABLE_HANDLE(1b, 2b, ex_handler_rdmsr_unsafe) : EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high) : "c" (msr)); return EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high); } static __always_inline void __wrmsr(unsigned int msr, u32 low, u32 high) { asm volatile("1: wrmsr\n" "2:\n" _ASM_EXTABLE_HANDLE(1b, 2b, ex_handler_wrmsr_unsafe) : : "c" (msr), "a"(low), "d" (high) : "memory"); } #define native_rdmsr(msr, val1, val2) \ do { \ u64 __val = __rdmsr((msr)); \ (void)((val1) = (u32)__val); \ (void)((val2) = (u32)(__val >> 32)); \ } while (0) #define native_wrmsr(msr, low, high) \ __wrmsr(msr, low, high) #define native_wrmsrl(msr, val) \ __wrmsr((msr), (u32)((u64)(val)), \ (u32)((u64)(val) >> 32)) static inline unsigned long long native_read_msr(unsigned int msr) { unsigned long long val; val = __rdmsr(msr); if (tracepoint_enabled(read_msr)) do_trace_read_msr(msr, val, 0); return val; } static inline unsigned long long native_read_msr_safe(unsigned int msr, int *err) { DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high); asm volatile("2: rdmsr ; xor %[err],%[err]\n" "1:\n\t" ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n\t" "3: mov %[fault],%[err]\n\t" "xorl %%eax, %%eax\n\t" "xorl %%edx, %%edx\n\t" "jmp 1b\n\t" ".previous\n\t" _ASM_EXTABLE(2b, 3b) : [err] "=r" (*err), EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high) : "c" (msr), [fault] "i" (-EIO)); if (tracepoint_enabled(read_msr)) do_trace_read_msr(msr, EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high), *err); return EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high); } /* Can be uninlined because referenced by paravirt */ static inline void notrace native_write_msr(unsigned int msr, u32 low, u32 high) { __wrmsr(msr, low, high); if (tracepoint_enabled(write_msr)) do_trace_write_msr(msr, ((u64)high << 32 | low), 0); } /* Can be uninlined because referenced by paravirt */ static inline int notrace native_write_msr_safe(unsigned int msr, u32 low, u32 high) { int err; asm volatile("2: wrmsr ; xor %[err],%[err]\n" "1:\n\t" ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n\t" "3: mov %[fault],%[err] ; jmp 1b\n\t" ".previous\n\t" _ASM_EXTABLE(2b, 3b) : [err] "=a" (err) : "c" (msr), "0" (low), "d" (high), [fault] "i" (-EIO) : "memory"); if (tracepoint_enabled(write_msr)) do_trace_write_msr(msr, ((u64)high << 32 | low), err); return err; } extern int rdmsr_safe_regs(u32 regs[8]); extern int wrmsr_safe_regs(u32 regs[8]); /** * rdtsc() - returns the current TSC without ordering constraints * * rdtsc() returns the result of RDTSC as a 64-bit integer. The * only ordering constraint it supplies is the ordering implied by * "asm volatile": it will put the RDTSC in the place you expect. The * CPU can and will speculatively execute that RDTSC, though, so the * results can be non-monotonic if compared on different CPUs. */ static __always_inline unsigned long long rdtsc(void) { DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high); asm volatile("rdtsc" : EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high)); return EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high); } /** * rdtsc_ordered() - read the current TSC in program order * * rdtsc_ordered() returns the result of RDTSC as a 64-bit integer. * It is ordered like a load to a global in-memory counter. It should * be impossible to observe non-monotonic rdtsc_unordered() behavior * across multiple CPUs as long as the TSC is synced. */ static __always_inline unsigned long long rdtsc_ordered(void) { DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high); /* * The RDTSC instruction is not ordered relative to memory * access. The Intel SDM and the AMD APM are both vague on this * point, but empirically an RDTSC instruction can be * speculatively executed before prior loads. An RDTSC * immediately after an appropriate barrier appears to be * ordered as a normal load, that is, it provides the same * ordering guarantees as reading from a global memory location * that some other imaginary CPU is updating continuously with a * time stamp. * * Thus, use the preferred barrier on the respective CPU, aiming for * RDTSCP as the default. */ asm volatile(ALTERNATIVE_2("rdtsc", "lfence; rdtsc", X86_FEATURE_LFENCE_RDTSC, "rdtscp", X86_FEATURE_RDTSCP) : EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high) /* RDTSCP clobbers ECX with MSR_TSC_AUX. */ :: "ecx"); return EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high); } static inline unsigned long long native_read_pmc(int counter) { DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high); asm volatile("rdpmc" : EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high) : "c" (counter)); if (tracepoint_enabled(rdpmc)) do_trace_rdpmc(counter, EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high), 0); return EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high); } #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL #include <asm/paravirt.h> #else #include <linux/errno.h> /* * Access to machine-specific registers (available on 586 and better only) * Note: the rd* operations modify the parameters directly (without using * pointer indirection), this allows gcc to optimize better */ #define rdmsr(msr, low, high) \ do { \ u64 __val = native_read_msr((msr)); \ (void)((low) = (u32)__val); \ (void)((high) = (u32)(__val >> 32)); \ } while (0) static inline void wrmsr(unsigned int msr, u32 low, u32 high) { native_write_msr(msr, low, high); } #define rdmsrl(msr, val) \ ((val) = native_read_msr((msr))) static inline void wrmsrl(unsigned int msr, u64 val) { native_write_msr(msr, (u32)(val & 0xffffffffULL), (u32)(val >> 32)); } /* wrmsr with exception handling */ static inline int wrmsr_safe(unsigned int msr, u32 low, u32 high) { return native_write_msr_safe(msr, low, high); } /* rdmsr with exception handling */ #define rdmsr_safe(msr, low, high) \ ({ \ int __err; \ u64 __val = native_read_msr_safe((msr), &__err); \ (*low) = (u32)__val; \ (*high) = (u32)(__val >> 32); \ __err; \ }) static inline int rdmsrl_safe(unsigned int msr, unsigned long long *p) { int err; *p = native_read_msr_safe(msr, &err); return err; } #define rdpmc(counter, low, high) \ do { \ u64 _l = native_read_pmc((counter)); \ (low) = (u32)_l; \ (high) = (u32)(_l >> 32); \ } while (0) #define rdpmcl(counter, val) ((val) = native_read_pmc(counter)) #endif /* !CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL */ /* * 64-bit version of wrmsr_safe(): */ static inline int wrmsrl_safe(u32 msr, u64 val) { return wrmsr_safe(msr, (u32)val, (u32)(val >> 32)); } #define write_tsc(low, high) wrmsr(MSR_IA32_TSC, (low), (high)) #define write_rdtscp_aux(val) wrmsr(MSR_TSC_AUX, (val), 0) struct msr *msrs_alloc(void); void msrs_free(struct msr *msrs); int msr_set_bit(u32 msr, u8 bit); int msr_clear_bit(u32 msr, u8 bit); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP int rdmsr_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 *l, u32 *h); int wrmsr_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 l, u32 h); int rdmsrl_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 *q); int wrmsrl_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 q); void rdmsr_on_cpus(const struct cpumask *mask, u32 msr_no, struct msr *msrs); void wrmsr_on_cpus(const struct cpumask *mask, u32 msr_no, struct msr *msrs); int rdmsr_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 *l, u32 *h); int wrmsr_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 l, u32 h); int rdmsrl_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 *q); int wrmsrl_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 q); int rdmsr_safe_regs_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 regs[8]); int wrmsr_safe_regs_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 regs[8]); #else /* CONFIG_SMP */ static inline int rdmsr_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 *l, u32 *h) { rdmsr(msr_no, *l, *h); return 0; } static inline int wrmsr_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 l, u32 h) { wrmsr(msr_no, l, h); return 0; } static inline int rdmsrl_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 *q) { rdmsrl(msr_no, *q); return 0; } static inline int wrmsrl_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 q) { wrmsrl(msr_no, q); return 0; } static inline void rdmsr_on_cpus(const struct cpumask *m, u32 msr_no, struct msr *msrs) { rdmsr_on_cpu(0, msr_no, &(msrs[0].l), &(msrs[0].h)); } static inline void wrmsr_on_cpus(const struct cpumask *m, u32 msr_no, struct msr *msrs) { wrmsr_on_cpu(0, msr_no, msrs[0].l, msrs[0].h); } static inline int rdmsr_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 *l, u32 *h) { return rdmsr_safe(msr_no, l, h); } static inline int wrmsr_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 l, u32 h) { return wrmsr_safe(msr_no, l, h); } static inline int rdmsrl_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 *q) { return rdmsrl_safe(msr_no, q); } static inline int wrmsrl_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 q) { return wrmsrl_safe(msr_no, q); } static inline int rdmsr_safe_regs_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 regs[8]) { return rdmsr_safe_regs(regs); } static inline int wrmsr_safe_regs_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 regs[8]) { return wrmsr_safe_regs(regs); } #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_MSR_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM vmscan #if !defined(_TRACE_VMSCAN_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_VMSCAN_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <trace/events/mmflags.h> #define RECLAIM_WB_ANON 0x0001u #define RECLAIM_WB_FILE 0x0002u #define RECLAIM_WB_MIXED 0x0010u #define RECLAIM_WB_SYNC 0x0004u /* Unused, all reclaim async */ #define RECLAIM_WB_ASYNC 0x0008u #define RECLAIM_WB_LRU (RECLAIM_WB_ANON|RECLAIM_WB_FILE) #define show_reclaim_flags(flags) \ (flags) ? __print_flags(flags, "|", \ {RECLAIM_WB_ANON, "RECLAIM_WB_ANON"}, \ {RECLAIM_WB_FILE, "RECLAIM_WB_FILE"}, \ {RECLAIM_WB_MIXED, "RECLAIM_WB_MIXED"}, \ {RECLAIM_WB_SYNC, "RECLAIM_WB_SYNC"}, \ {RECLAIM_WB_ASYNC, "RECLAIM_WB_ASYNC"} \ ) : "RECLAIM_WB_NONE" #define trace_reclaim_flags(file) ( \ (file ? RECLAIM_WB_FILE : RECLAIM_WB_ANON) | \ (RECLAIM_WB_ASYNC) \ ) TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_kswapd_sleep, TP_PROTO(int nid), TP_ARGS(nid), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, nid ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; ), TP_printk("nid=%d", __entry->nid) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_kswapd_wake, TP_PROTO(int nid, int zid, int order), TP_ARGS(nid, zid, order), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, nid ) __field( int, zid ) __field( int, order ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; __entry->zid = zid; __entry->order = order; ), TP_printk("nid=%d order=%d", __entry->nid, __entry->order) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_wakeup_kswapd, TP_PROTO(int nid, int zid, int order, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(nid, zid, order, gfp_flags), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, nid ) __field( int, zid ) __field( int, order ) __field( gfp_t, gfp_flags ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; __entry->zid = zid; __entry->order = order; __entry->gfp_flags = gfp_flags; ), TP_printk("nid=%d order=%d gfp_flags=%s", __entry->nid, __entry->order, show_gfp_flags(__entry->gfp_flags)) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_begin_template, TP_PROTO(int order, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(order, gfp_flags), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, order ) __field( gfp_t, gfp_flags ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->order = order; __entry->gfp_flags = gfp_flags; ), TP_printk("order=%d gfp_flags=%s", __entry->order, show_gfp_flags(__entry->gfp_flags)) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_begin_template, mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_begin, TP_PROTO(int order, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(order, gfp_flags) ); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG DEFINE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_begin_template, mm_vmscan_memcg_reclaim_begin, TP_PROTO(int order, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(order, gfp_flags) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_begin_template, mm_vmscan_memcg_softlimit_reclaim_begin, TP_PROTO(int order, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(order, gfp_flags) ); #endif /* CONFIG_MEMCG */ DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_end_template, TP_PROTO(unsigned long nr_reclaimed), TP_ARGS(nr_reclaimed), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, nr_reclaimed ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nr_reclaimed = nr_reclaimed; ), TP_printk("nr_reclaimed=%lu", __entry->nr_reclaimed) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_end_template, mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_end, TP_PROTO(unsigned long nr_reclaimed), TP_ARGS(nr_reclaimed) ); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG DEFINE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_end_template, mm_vmscan_memcg_reclaim_end, TP_PROTO(unsigned long nr_reclaimed), TP_ARGS(nr_reclaimed) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_end_template, mm_vmscan_memcg_softlimit_reclaim_end, TP_PROTO(unsigned long nr_reclaimed), TP_ARGS(nr_reclaimed) ); #endif /* CONFIG_MEMCG */ TRACE_EVENT(mm_shrink_slab_start, TP_PROTO(struct shrinker *shr, struct shrink_control *sc, long nr_objects_to_shrink, unsigned long cache_items, unsigned long long delta, unsigned long total_scan, int priority), TP_ARGS(shr, sc, nr_objects_to_shrink, cache_items, delta, total_scan, priority), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(struct shrinker *, shr) __field(void *, shrink) __field(int, nid) __field(long, nr_objects_to_shrink) __field(gfp_t, gfp_flags) __field(unsigned long, cache_items) __field(unsigned long long, delta) __field(unsigned long, total_scan) __field(int, priority) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->shr = shr; __entry->shrink = shr->scan_objects; __entry->nid = sc->nid; __entry->nr_objects_to_shrink = nr_objects_to_shrink; __entry->gfp_flags = sc->gfp_mask; __entry->cache_items = cache_items; __entry->delta = delta; __entry->total_scan = total_scan; __entry->priority = priority; ), TP_printk("%pS %p: nid: %d objects to shrink %ld gfp_flags %s cache items %ld delta %lld total_scan %ld priority %d", __entry->shrink, __entry->shr, __entry->nid, __entry->nr_objects_to_shrink, show_gfp_flags(__entry->gfp_flags), __entry->cache_items, __entry->delta, __entry->total_scan, __entry->priority) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_shrink_slab_end, TP_PROTO(struct shrinker *shr, int nid, int shrinker_retval, long unused_scan_cnt, long new_scan_cnt, long total_scan), TP_ARGS(shr, nid, shrinker_retval, unused_scan_cnt, new_scan_cnt, total_scan), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(struct shrinker *, shr) __field(int, nid) __field(void *, shrink) __field(long, unused_scan) __field(long, new_scan) __field(int, retval) __field(long, total_scan) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->shr = shr; __entry->nid = nid; __entry->shrink = shr->scan_objects; __entry->unused_scan = unused_scan_cnt; __entry->new_scan = new_scan_cnt; __entry->retval = shrinker_retval; __entry->total_scan = total_scan; ), TP_printk("%pS %p: nid: %d unused scan count %ld new scan count %ld total_scan %ld last shrinker return val %d", __entry->shrink, __entry->shr, __entry->nid, __entry->unused_scan, __entry->new_scan, __entry->total_scan, __entry->retval) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_lru_isolate, TP_PROTO(int highest_zoneidx, int order, unsigned long nr_requested, unsigned long nr_scanned, unsigned long nr_skipped, unsigned long nr_taken, isolate_mode_t isolate_mode, int lru), TP_ARGS(highest_zoneidx, order, nr_requested, nr_scanned, nr_skipped, nr_taken, isolate_mode, lru), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, highest_zoneidx) __field(int, order) __field(unsigned long, nr_requested) __field(unsigned long, nr_scanned) __field(unsigned long, nr_skipped) __field(unsigned long, nr_taken) __field(isolate_mode_t, isolate_mode) __field(int, lru) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->highest_zoneidx = highest_zoneidx; __entry->order = order; __entry->nr_requested = nr_requested; __entry->nr_scanned = nr_scanned; __entry->nr_skipped = nr_skipped; __entry->nr_taken = nr_taken; __entry->isolate_mode = isolate_mode; __entry->lru = lru; ), /* * classzone is previous name of the highest_zoneidx. * Reason not to change it is the ABI requirement of the tracepoint. */ TP_printk("isolate_mode=%d classzone=%d order=%d nr_requested=%lu nr_scanned=%lu nr_skipped=%lu nr_taken=%lu lru=%s", __entry->isolate_mode, __entry->highest_zoneidx, __entry->order, __entry->nr_requested, __entry->nr_scanned, __entry->nr_skipped, __entry->nr_taken, __print_symbolic(__entry->lru, LRU_NAMES)) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_writepage, TP_PROTO(struct page *page), TP_ARGS(page), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned long, pfn) __field(int, reclaim_flags) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pfn = page_to_pfn(page); __entry->reclaim_flags = trace_reclaim_flags( page_is_file_lru(page)); ), TP_printk("page=%p pfn=%lu flags=%s", pfn_to_page(__entry->pfn), __entry->pfn, show_reclaim_flags(__entry->reclaim_flags)) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_lru_shrink_inactive, TP_PROTO(int nid, unsigned long nr_scanned, unsigned long nr_reclaimed, struct reclaim_stat *stat, int priority, int file), TP_ARGS(nid, nr_scanned, nr_reclaimed, stat, priority, file), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, nid) __field(unsigned long, nr_scanned) __field(unsigned long, nr_reclaimed) __field(unsigned long, nr_dirty) __field(unsigned long, nr_writeback) __field(unsigned long, nr_congested) __field(unsigned long, nr_immediate) __field(unsigned int, nr_activate0) __field(unsigned int, nr_activate1) __field(unsigned long, nr_ref_keep) __field(unsigned long, nr_unmap_fail) __field(int, priority) __field(int, reclaim_flags) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; __entry->nr_scanned = nr_scanned; __entry->nr_reclaimed = nr_reclaimed; __entry->nr_dirty = stat->nr_dirty; __entry->nr_writeback = stat->nr_writeback; __entry->nr_congested = stat->nr_congested; __entry->nr_immediate = stat->nr_immediate; __entry->nr_activate0 = stat->nr_activate[0]; __entry->nr_activate1 = stat->nr_activate[1]; __entry->nr_ref_keep = stat->nr_ref_keep; __entry->nr_unmap_fail = stat->nr_unmap_fail; __entry->priority = priority; __entry->reclaim_flags = trace_reclaim_flags(file); ), TP_printk("nid=%d nr_scanned=%ld nr_reclaimed=%ld nr_dirty=%ld nr_writeback=%ld nr_congested=%ld nr_immediate=%ld nr_activate_anon=%d nr_activate_file=%d nr_ref_keep=%ld nr_unmap_fail=%ld priority=%d flags=%s", __entry->nid, __entry->nr_scanned, __entry->nr_reclaimed, __entry->nr_dirty, __entry->nr_writeback, __entry->nr_congested, __entry->nr_immediate, __entry->nr_activate0, __entry->nr_activate1, __entry->nr_ref_keep, __entry->nr_unmap_fail, __entry->priority, show_reclaim_flags(__entry->reclaim_flags)) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_lru_shrink_active, TP_PROTO(int nid, unsigned long nr_taken, unsigned long nr_active, unsigned long nr_deactivated, unsigned long nr_referenced, int priority, int file), TP_ARGS(nid, nr_taken, nr_active, nr_deactivated, nr_referenced, priority, file), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, nid) __field(unsigned long, nr_taken) __field(unsigned long, nr_active) __field(unsigned long, nr_deactivated) __field(unsigned long, nr_referenced) __field(int, priority) __field(int, reclaim_flags) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; __entry->nr_taken = nr_taken; __entry->nr_active = nr_active; __entry->nr_deactivated = nr_deactivated; __entry->nr_referenced = nr_referenced; __entry->priority = priority; __entry->reclaim_flags = trace_reclaim_flags(file); ), TP_printk("nid=%d nr_taken=%ld nr_active=%ld nr_deactivated=%ld nr_referenced=%ld priority=%d flags=%s", __entry->nid, __entry->nr_taken, __entry->nr_active, __entry->nr_deactivated, __entry->nr_referenced, __entry->priority, show_reclaim_flags(__entry->reclaim_flags)) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_inactive_list_is_low, TP_PROTO(int nid, int reclaim_idx, unsigned long total_inactive, unsigned long inactive, unsigned long total_active, unsigned long active, unsigned long ratio, int file), TP_ARGS(nid, reclaim_idx, total_inactive, inactive, total_active, active, ratio, file), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, nid) __field(int, reclaim_idx) __field(unsigned long, total_inactive) __field(unsigned long, inactive) __field(unsigned long, total_active) __field(unsigned long, active) __field(unsigned long, ratio) __field(int, reclaim_flags) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; __entry->reclaim_idx = reclaim_idx; __entry->total_inactive = total_inactive; __entry->inactive = inactive; __entry->total_active = total_active; __entry->active = active; __entry->ratio = ratio; __entry->reclaim_flags = trace_reclaim_flags(file) & RECLAIM_WB_LRU; ), TP_printk("nid=%d reclaim_idx=%d total_inactive=%ld inactive=%ld total_active=%ld active=%ld ratio=%ld flags=%s", __entry->nid, __entry->reclaim_idx, __entry->total_inactive, __entry->inactive, __entry->total_active, __entry->active, __entry->ratio, show_reclaim_flags(__entry->reclaim_flags)) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_node_reclaim_begin, TP_PROTO(int nid, int order, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(nid, order, gfp_flags), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, nid) __field(int, order) __field(gfp_t, gfp_flags) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; __entry->order = order; __entry->gfp_flags = gfp_flags; ), TP_printk("nid=%d order=%d gfp_flags=%s", __entry->nid, __entry->order, show_gfp_flags(__entry->gfp_flags)) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_end_template, mm_vmscan_node_reclaim_end, TP_PROTO(unsigned long nr_reclaimed), TP_ARGS(nr_reclaimed) ); #endif /* _TRACE_VMSCAN_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* File: fs/ext4/acl.h (C) 2001 Andreas Gruenbacher, <a.gruenbacher@computer.org> */ #include <linux/posix_acl_xattr.h> #define EXT4_ACL_VERSION 0x0001 typedef struct { __le16 e_tag; __le16 e_perm; __le32 e_id; } ext4_acl_entry; typedef struct { __le16 e_tag; __le16 e_perm; } ext4_acl_entry_short; typedef struct { __le32 a_version; } ext4_acl_header; static inline size_t ext4_acl_size(int count) { if (count <= 4) { return sizeof(ext4_acl_header) + count * sizeof(ext4_acl_entry_short); } else { return sizeof(ext4_acl_header) + 4 * sizeof(ext4_acl_entry_short) + (count - 4) * sizeof(ext4_acl_entry); } } static inline int ext4_acl_count(size_t size) { ssize_t s; size -= sizeof(ext4_acl_header); s = size - 4 * sizeof(ext4_acl_entry_short); if (s < 0) { if (size % sizeof(ext4_acl_entry_short)) return -1; return size / sizeof(ext4_acl_entry_short); } else { if (s % sizeof(ext4_acl_entry)) return -1; return s / sizeof(ext4_acl_entry) + 4; } } #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_FS_POSIX_ACL /* acl.c */ struct posix_acl *ext4_get_acl(struct inode *inode, int type); int ext4_set_acl(struct inode *inode, struct posix_acl *acl, int type); extern int ext4_init_acl(handle_t *, struct inode *, struct inode *); #else /* CONFIG_EXT4_FS_POSIX_ACL */ #include <linux/sched.h> #define ext4_get_acl NULL #define ext4_set_acl NULL static inline int ext4_init_acl(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct inode *dir) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_EXT4_FS_POSIX_ACL */
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1621 1622 1623 1624 1625 1626 1627 1628 1629 1630 1631 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* memcontrol.h - Memory Controller * * Copyright IBM Corporation, 2007 * Author Balbir Singh <balbir@linux.vnet.ibm.com> * * Copyright 2007 OpenVZ SWsoft Inc * Author: Pavel Emelianov <xemul@openvz.org> */ #ifndef _LINUX_MEMCONTROL_H #define _LINUX_MEMCONTROL_H #include <linux/cgroup.h> #include <linux/vm_event_item.h> #include <linux/hardirq.h> #include <linux/jump_label.h> #include <linux/page_counter.h> #include <linux/vmpressure.h> #include <linux/eventfd.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/vmstat.h> #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/page-flags.h> struct mem_cgroup; struct obj_cgroup; struct page; struct mm_struct; struct kmem_cache; /* Cgroup-specific page state, on top of universal node page state */ enum memcg_stat_item { MEMCG_SWAP = NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS, MEMCG_SOCK, MEMCG_PERCPU_B, MEMCG_NR_STAT, }; enum memcg_memory_event { MEMCG_LOW, MEMCG_HIGH, MEMCG_MAX, MEMCG_OOM, MEMCG_OOM_KILL, MEMCG_SWAP_HIGH, MEMCG_SWAP_MAX, MEMCG_SWAP_FAIL, MEMCG_NR_MEMORY_EVENTS, }; struct mem_cgroup_reclaim_cookie { pg_data_t *pgdat; unsigned int generation; }; #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG #define MEM_CGROUP_ID_SHIFT 16 #define MEM_CGROUP_ID_MAX USHRT_MAX struct mem_cgroup_id { int id; refcount_t ref; }; /* * Per memcg event counter is incremented at every pagein/pageout. With THP, * it will be incremented by the number of pages. This counter is used * to trigger some periodic events. This is straightforward and better * than using jiffies etc. to handle periodic memcg event. */ enum mem_cgroup_events_target { MEM_CGROUP_TARGET_THRESH, MEM_CGROUP_TARGET_SOFTLIMIT, MEM_CGROUP_NTARGETS, }; struct memcg_vmstats_percpu { long stat[MEMCG_NR_STAT]; unsigned long events[NR_VM_EVENT_ITEMS]; unsigned long nr_page_events; unsigned long targets[MEM_CGROUP_NTARGETS]; }; struct mem_cgroup_reclaim_iter { struct mem_cgroup *position; /* scan generation, increased every round-trip */ unsigned int generation; }; struct lruvec_stat { long count[NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS]; }; /* * Bitmap of shrinker::id corresponding to memcg-aware shrinkers, * which have elements charged to this memcg. */ struct memcg_shrinker_map { struct rcu_head rcu; unsigned long map[]; }; /* * per-node information in memory controller. */ struct mem_cgroup_per_node { struct lruvec lruvec; /* Legacy local VM stats */ struct lruvec_stat __percpu *lruvec_stat_local; /* Subtree VM stats (batched updates) */ struct lruvec_stat __percpu *lruvec_stat_cpu; atomic_long_t lruvec_stat[NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS]; unsigned long lru_zone_size[MAX_NR_ZONES][NR_LRU_LISTS]; struct mem_cgroup_reclaim_iter iter; struct memcg_shrinker_map __rcu *shrinker_map; struct rb_node tree_node; /* RB tree node */ unsigned long usage_in_excess;/* Set to the value by which */ /* the soft limit is exceeded*/ bool on_tree; struct mem_cgroup *memcg; /* Back pointer, we cannot */ /* use container_of */ }; struct mem_cgroup_threshold { struct eventfd_ctx *eventfd; unsigned long threshold; }; /* For threshold */ struct mem_cgroup_threshold_ary { /* An array index points to threshold just below or equal to usage. */ int current_threshold; /* Size of entries[] */ unsigned int size; /* Array of thresholds */ struct mem_cgroup_threshold entries[]; }; struct mem_cgroup_thresholds { /* Primary thresholds array */ struct mem_cgroup_threshold_ary *primary; /* * Spare threshold array. * This is needed to make mem_cgroup_unregister_event() "never fail". * It must be able to store at least primary->size - 1 entries. */ struct mem_cgroup_threshold_ary *spare; }; enum memcg_kmem_state { KMEM_NONE, KMEM_ALLOCATED, KMEM_ONLINE, }; #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) struct memcg_padding { char x[0]; } ____cacheline_internodealigned_in_smp; #define MEMCG_PADDING(name) struct memcg_padding name; #else #define MEMCG_PADDING(name) #endif /* * Remember four most recent foreign writebacks with dirty pages in this * cgroup. Inode sharing is expected to be uncommon and, even if we miss * one in a given round, we're likely to catch it later if it keeps * foreign-dirtying, so a fairly low count should be enough. * * See mem_cgroup_track_foreign_dirty_slowpath() for details. */ #define MEMCG_CGWB_FRN_CNT 4 struct memcg_cgwb_frn { u64 bdi_id; /* bdi->id of the foreign inode */ int memcg_id; /* memcg->css.id of foreign inode */ u64 at; /* jiffies_64 at the time of dirtying */ struct wb_completion done; /* tracks in-flight foreign writebacks */ }; /* * Bucket for arbitrarily byte-sized objects charged to a memory * cgroup. The bucket can be reparented in one piece when the cgroup * is destroyed, without having to round up the individual references * of all live memory objects in the wild. */ struct obj_cgroup { struct percpu_ref refcnt; struct mem_cgroup *memcg; atomic_t nr_charged_bytes; union { struct list_head list; struct rcu_head rcu; }; }; /* * The memory controller data structure. The memory controller controls both * page cache and RSS per cgroup. We would eventually like to provide * statistics based on the statistics developed by Rik Van Riel for clock-pro, * to help the administrator determine what knobs to tune. */ struct mem_cgroup { struct cgroup_subsys_state css; /* Private memcg ID. Used to ID objects that outlive the cgroup */ struct mem_cgroup_id id; /* Accounted resources */ struct page_counter memory; /* Both v1 & v2 */ union { struct page_counter swap; /* v2 only */ struct page_counter memsw; /* v1 only */ }; /* Legacy consumer-oriented counters */ struct page_counter kmem; /* v1 only */ struct page_counter tcpmem; /* v1 only */ /* Range enforcement for interrupt charges */ struct work_struct high_work; unsigned long soft_limit; /* vmpressure notifications */ struct vmpressure vmpressure; /* * Should the accounting and control be hierarchical, per subtree? */ bool use_hierarchy; /* * Should the OOM killer kill all belonging tasks, had it kill one? */ bool oom_group; /* protected by memcg_oom_lock */ bool oom_lock; int under_oom; int swappiness; /* OOM-Killer disable */ int oom_kill_disable; /* memory.events and memory.events.local */ struct cgroup_file events_file; struct cgroup_file events_local_file; /* handle for "memory.swap.events" */ struct cgroup_file swap_events_file; /* protect arrays of thresholds */ struct mutex thresholds_lock; /* thresholds for memory usage. RCU-protected */ struct mem_cgroup_thresholds thresholds; /* thresholds for mem+swap usage. RCU-protected */ struct mem_cgroup_thresholds memsw_thresholds; /* For oom notifier event fd */ struct list_head oom_notify; /* * Should we move charges of a task when a task is moved into this * mem_cgroup ? And what type of charges should we move ? */ unsigned long move_charge_at_immigrate; /* taken only while moving_account > 0 */ spinlock_t move_lock; unsigned long move_lock_flags; MEMCG_PADDING(_pad1_); atomic_long_t vmstats[MEMCG_NR_STAT]; atomic_long_t vmevents[NR_VM_EVENT_ITEMS]; /* memory.events */ atomic_long_t memory_events[MEMCG_NR_MEMORY_EVENTS]; atomic_long_t memory_events_local[MEMCG_NR_MEMORY_EVENTS]; unsigned long socket_pressure; /* Legacy tcp memory accounting */ bool tcpmem_active; int tcpmem_pressure; #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM /* Index in the kmem_cache->memcg_params.memcg_caches array */ int kmemcg_id; enum memcg_kmem_state kmem_state; struct obj_cgroup __rcu *objcg; struct list_head objcg_list; /* list of inherited objcgs */ #endif MEMCG_PADDING(_pad2_); /* * set > 0 if pages under this cgroup are moving to other cgroup. */ atomic_t moving_account; struct task_struct *move_lock_task; /* Legacy local VM stats and events */ struct memcg_vmstats_percpu __percpu *vmstats_local; /* Subtree VM stats and events (batched updates) */ struct memcg_vmstats_percpu __percpu *vmstats_percpu; #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK struct list_head cgwb_list; struct wb_domain cgwb_domain; struct memcg_cgwb_frn cgwb_frn[MEMCG_CGWB_FRN_CNT]; #endif /* List of events which userspace want to receive */ struct list_head event_list; spinlock_t event_list_lock; #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE struct deferred_split deferred_split_queue; #endif struct mem_cgroup_per_node *nodeinfo[0]; /* WARNING: nodeinfo must be the last member here */ }; /* * size of first charge trial. "32" comes from vmscan.c's magic value. * TODO: maybe necessary to use big numbers in big irons. */ #define MEMCG_CHARGE_BATCH 32U extern struct mem_cgroup *root_mem_cgroup; static __always_inline bool memcg_stat_item_in_bytes(int idx) { if (idx == MEMCG_PERCPU_B) return true; return vmstat_item_in_bytes(idx); } static inline bool mem_cgroup_is_root(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { return (memcg == root_mem_cgroup); } static inline bool mem_cgroup_disabled(void) { return !cgroup_subsys_enabled(memory_cgrp_subsys); } static inline void mem_cgroup_protection(struct mem_cgroup *root, struct mem_cgroup *memcg, unsigned long *min, unsigned long *low) { *min = *low = 0; if (mem_cgroup_disabled()) return; /* * There is no reclaim protection applied to a targeted reclaim. * We are special casing this specific case here because * mem_cgroup_protected calculation is not robust enough to keep * the protection invariant for calculated effective values for * parallel reclaimers with different reclaim target. This is * especially a problem for tail memcgs (as they have pages on LRU) * which would want to have effective values 0 for targeted reclaim * but a different value for external reclaim. * * Example * Let's have global and A's reclaim in parallel: * | * A (low=2G, usage = 3G, max = 3G, children_low_usage = 1.5G) * |\ * | C (low = 1G, usage = 2.5G) * B (low = 1G, usage = 0.5G) * * For the global reclaim * A.elow = A.low * B.elow = min(B.usage, B.low) because children_low_usage <= A.elow * C.elow = min(C.usage, C.low) * * With the effective values resetting we have A reclaim * A.elow = 0 * B.elow = B.low * C.elow = C.low * * If the global reclaim races with A's reclaim then * B.elow = C.elow = 0 because children_low_usage > A.elow) * is possible and reclaiming B would be violating the protection. * */ if (root == memcg) return; *min = READ_ONCE(memcg->memory.emin); *low = READ_ONCE(memcg->memory.elow); } void mem_cgroup_calculate_protection(struct mem_cgroup *root, struct mem_cgroup *memcg); static inline bool mem_cgroup_supports_protection(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { /* * The root memcg doesn't account charges, and doesn't support * protection. */ return !mem_cgroup_disabled() && !mem_cgroup_is_root(memcg); } static inline bool mem_cgroup_below_low(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { if (!mem_cgroup_supports_protection(memcg)) return false; return READ_ONCE(memcg->memory.elow) >= page_counter_read(&memcg->memory); } static inline bool mem_cgroup_below_min(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { if (!mem_cgroup_supports_protection(memcg)) return false; return READ_ONCE(memcg->memory.emin) >= page_counter_read(&memcg->memory); } int mem_cgroup_charge(struct page *page, struct mm_struct *mm, gfp_t gfp_mask); void mem_cgroup_uncharge(struct page *page); void mem_cgroup_uncharge_list(struct list_head *page_list); void mem_cgroup_migrate(struct page *oldpage, struct page *newpage); static struct mem_cgroup_per_node * mem_cgroup_nodeinfo(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int nid) { return memcg->nodeinfo[nid]; } /** * mem_cgroup_lruvec - get the lru list vector for a memcg & node * @memcg: memcg of the wanted lruvec * * Returns the lru list vector holding pages for a given @memcg & * @node combination. This can be the node lruvec, if the memory * controller is disabled. */ static inline struct lruvec *mem_cgroup_lruvec(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, struct pglist_data *pgdat) { struct mem_cgroup_per_node *mz; struct lruvec *lruvec; if (mem_cgroup_disabled()) { lruvec = &pgdat->__lruvec; goto out; } if (!memcg) memcg = root_mem_cgroup; mz = mem_cgroup_nodeinfo(memcg, pgdat->node_id); lruvec = &mz->lruvec; out: /* * Since a node can be onlined after the mem_cgroup was created, * we have to be prepared to initialize lruvec->pgdat here; * and if offlined then reonlined, we need to reinitialize it. */ if (unlikely(lruvec->pgdat != pgdat)) lruvec->pgdat = pgdat; return lruvec; } struct lruvec *mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(struct page *, struct pglist_data *); struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup_from_task(struct task_struct *p); struct mem_cgroup *get_mem_cgroup_from_mm(struct mm_struct *mm); struct mem_cgroup *get_mem_cgroup_from_page(struct page *page); static inline struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup_from_css(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css){ return css ? container_of(css, struct mem_cgroup, css) : NULL; } static inline bool obj_cgroup_tryget(struct obj_cgroup *objcg) { return percpu_ref_tryget(&objcg->refcnt); } static inline void obj_cgroup_get(struct obj_cgroup *objcg) { percpu_ref_get(&objcg->refcnt); } static inline void obj_cgroup_put(struct obj_cgroup *objcg) { percpu_ref_put(&objcg->refcnt); } /* * After the initialization objcg->memcg is always pointing at * a valid memcg, but can be atomically swapped to the parent memcg. * * The caller must ensure that the returned memcg won't be released: * e.g. acquire the rcu_read_lock or css_set_lock. */ static inline struct mem_cgroup *obj_cgroup_memcg(struct obj_cgroup *objcg) { return READ_ONCE(objcg->memcg); } static inline void mem_cgroup_put(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { if (memcg) css_put(&memcg->css); } #define mem_cgroup_from_counter(counter, member) \ container_of(counter, struct mem_cgroup, member) struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup_iter(struct mem_cgroup *, struct mem_cgroup *, struct mem_cgroup_reclaim_cookie *); void mem_cgroup_iter_break(struct mem_cgroup *, struct mem_cgroup *); int mem_cgroup_scan_tasks(struct mem_cgroup *, int (*)(struct task_struct *, void *), void *); static inline unsigned short mem_cgroup_id(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { if (mem_cgroup_disabled()) return 0; return memcg->id.id; } struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup_from_id(unsigned short id); static inline struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup_from_seq(struct seq_file *m) { return mem_cgroup_from_css(seq_css(m)); } static inline struct mem_cgroup *lruvec_memcg(struct lruvec *lruvec) { struct mem_cgroup_per_node *mz; if (mem_cgroup_disabled()) return NULL; mz = container_of(lruvec, struct mem_cgroup_per_node, lruvec); return mz->memcg; } /** * parent_mem_cgroup - find the accounting parent of a memcg * @memcg: memcg whose parent to find * * Returns the parent memcg, or NULL if this is the root or the memory * controller is in legacy no-hierarchy mode. */ static inline struct mem_cgroup *parent_mem_cgroup(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { if (!memcg->memory.parent) return NULL; return mem_cgroup_from_counter(memcg->memory.parent, memory); } static inline bool mem_cgroup_is_descendant(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, struct mem_cgroup *root) { if (root == memcg) return true; if (!root->use_hierarchy) return false; return cgroup_is_descendant(memcg->css.cgroup, root->css.cgroup); } static inline bool mm_match_cgroup(struct mm_struct *mm, struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { struct mem_cgroup *task_memcg; bool match = false; rcu_read_lock(); task_memcg = mem_cgroup_from_task(rcu_dereference(mm->owner)); if (task_memcg) match = mem_cgroup_is_descendant(task_memcg, memcg); rcu_read_unlock(); return match; } struct cgroup_subsys_state *mem_cgroup_css_from_page(struct page *page); ino_t page_cgroup_ino(struct page *page); static inline bool mem_cgroup_online(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { if (mem_cgroup_disabled()) return true; return !!(memcg->css.flags & CSS_ONLINE); } /* * For memory reclaim. */ int mem_cgroup_select_victim_node(struct mem_cgroup *memcg); void mem_cgroup_update_lru_size(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum lru_list lru, int zid, int nr_pages); static inline unsigned long mem_cgroup_get_zone_lru_size(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum lru_list lru, int zone_idx) { struct mem_cgroup_per_node *mz; mz = container_of(lruvec, struct mem_cgroup_per_node, lruvec); return READ_ONCE(mz->lru_zone_size[zone_idx][lru]); } void mem_cgroup_handle_over_high(void); unsigned long mem_cgroup_get_max(struct mem_cgroup *memcg); unsigned long mem_cgroup_size(struct mem_cgroup *memcg); void mem_cgroup_print_oom_context(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, struct task_struct *p); void mem_cgroup_print_oom_meminfo(struct mem_cgroup *memcg); static inline void mem_cgroup_enter_user_fault(void) { WARN_ON(current->in_user_fault); current->in_user_fault = 1; } static inline void mem_cgroup_exit_user_fault(void) { WARN_ON(!current->in_user_fault); current->in_user_fault = 0; } static inline bool task_in_memcg_oom(struct task_struct *p) { return p->memcg_in_oom; } bool mem_cgroup_oom_synchronize(bool wait); struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup_get_oom_group(struct task_struct *victim, struct mem_cgroup *oom_domain); void mem_cgroup_print_oom_group(struct mem_cgroup *memcg); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_SWAP extern bool cgroup_memory_noswap; #endif struct mem_cgroup *lock_page_memcg(struct page *page); void __unlock_page_memcg(struct mem_cgroup *memcg); void unlock_page_memcg(struct page *page); /* * idx can be of type enum memcg_stat_item or node_stat_item. * Keep in sync with memcg_exact_page_state(). */ static inline unsigned long memcg_page_state(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int idx) { long x = atomic_long_read(&memcg->vmstats[idx]); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP if (x < 0) x = 0; #endif return x; } /* * idx can be of type enum memcg_stat_item or node_stat_item. * Keep in sync with memcg_exact_page_state(). */ static inline unsigned long memcg_page_state_local(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int idx) { long x = 0; int cpu; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) x += per_cpu(memcg->vmstats_local->stat[idx], cpu); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP if (x < 0) x = 0; #endif return x; } void __mod_memcg_state(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int idx, int val); /* idx can be of type enum memcg_stat_item or node_stat_item */ static inline void mod_memcg_state(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int idx, int val) { unsigned long flags; local_irq_save(flags); __mod_memcg_state(memcg, idx, val); local_irq_restore(flags); } /** * mod_memcg_page_state - update page state statistics * @page: the page * @idx: page state item to account * @val: number of pages (positive or negative) * * The @page must be locked or the caller must use lock_page_memcg() * to prevent double accounting when the page is concurrently being * moved to another memcg: * * lock_page(page) or lock_page_memcg(page) * if (TestClearPageState(page)) * mod_memcg_page_state(page, state, -1); * unlock_page(page) or unlock_page_memcg(page) * * Kernel pages are an exception to this, since they'll never move. */ static inline void __mod_memcg_page_state(struct page *page, int idx, int val) { if (page->mem_cgroup) __mod_memcg_state(page->mem_cgroup, idx, val); } static inline void mod_memcg_page_state(struct page *page, int idx, int val) { if (page->mem_cgroup) mod_memcg_state(page->mem_cgroup, idx, val); } static inline unsigned long lruvec_page_state(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum node_stat_item idx) { struct mem_cgroup_per_node *pn; long x; if (mem_cgroup_disabled()) return node_page_state(lruvec_pgdat(lruvec), idx); pn = container_of(lruvec, struct mem_cgroup_per_node, lruvec); x = atomic_long_read(&pn->lruvec_stat[idx]); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP if (x < 0) x = 0; #endif return x; } static inline unsigned long lruvec_page_state_local(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum node_stat_item idx) { struct mem_cgroup_per_node *pn; long x = 0; int cpu; if (mem_cgroup_disabled()) return node_page_state(lruvec_pgdat(lruvec), idx); pn = container_of(lruvec, struct mem_cgroup_per_node, lruvec); for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) x += per_cpu(pn->lruvec_stat_local->count[idx], cpu); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP if (x < 0) x = 0; #endif return x; } void __mod_memcg_lruvec_state(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum node_stat_item idx, int val); void __mod_lruvec_state(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum node_stat_item idx, int val); void __mod_lruvec_slab_state(void *p, enum node_stat_item idx, int val); void mod_memcg_obj_state(void *p, int idx, int val); static inline void mod_lruvec_slab_state(void *p, enum node_stat_item idx, int val) { unsigned long flags; local_irq_save(flags); __mod_lruvec_slab_state(p, idx, val); local_irq_restore(flags); } static inline void mod_memcg_lruvec_state(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum node_stat_item idx, int val) { unsigned long flags; local_irq_save(flags); __mod_memcg_lruvec_state(lruvec, idx, val); local_irq_restore(flags); } static inline void mod_lruvec_state(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum node_stat_item idx, int val) { unsigned long flags; local_irq_save(flags); __mod_lruvec_state(lruvec, idx, val); local_irq_restore(flags); } static inline void __mod_lruvec_page_state(struct page *page, enum node_stat_item idx, int val) { struct page *head = compound_head(page); /* rmap on tail pages */ pg_data_t *pgdat = page_pgdat(page); struct lruvec *lruvec; /* Untracked pages have no memcg, no lruvec. Update only the node */ if (!head->mem_cgroup) { __mod_node_page_state(pgdat, idx, val); return; } lruvec = mem_cgroup_lruvec(head->mem_cgroup, pgdat); __mod_lruvec_state(lruvec, idx, val); } static inline void mod_lruvec_page_state(struct page *page, enum node_stat_item idx, int val) { unsigned long flags; local_irq_save(flags); __mod_lruvec_page_state(page, idx, val); local_irq_restore(flags); } unsigned long mem_cgroup_soft_limit_reclaim(pg_data_t *pgdat, int order, gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned long *total_scanned); void __count_memcg_events(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, enum vm_event_item idx, unsigned long count); static inline void count_memcg_events(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, enum vm_event_item idx, unsigned long count) { unsigned long flags; local_irq_save(flags); __count_memcg_events(memcg, idx, count); local_irq_restore(flags); } static inline void count_memcg_page_event(struct page *page, enum vm_event_item idx) { if (page->mem_cgroup) count_memcg_events(page->mem_cgroup, idx, 1); } static inline void count_memcg_event_mm(struct mm_struct *mm, enum vm_event_item idx) { struct mem_cgroup *memcg; if (mem_cgroup_disabled()) return; rcu_read_lock(); memcg = mem_cgroup_from_task(rcu_dereference(mm->owner)); if (likely(memcg)) count_memcg_events(memcg, idx, 1); rcu_read_unlock(); } static inline void memcg_memory_event(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, enum memcg_memory_event event) { bool swap_event = event == MEMCG_SWAP_HIGH || event == MEMCG_SWAP_MAX || event == MEMCG_SWAP_FAIL; atomic_long_inc(&memcg->memory_events_local[event]); if (!swap_event) cgroup_file_notify(&memcg->events_local_file); do { atomic_long_inc(&memcg->memory_events[event]); if (swap_event) cgroup_file_notify(&memcg->swap_events_file); else cgroup_file_notify(&memcg->events_file); if (!cgroup_subsys_on_dfl(memory_cgrp_subsys)) break; if (cgrp_dfl_root.flags & CGRP_ROOT_MEMORY_LOCAL_EVENTS) break; } while ((memcg = parent_mem_cgroup(memcg)) && !mem_cgroup_is_root(memcg)); } static inline void memcg_memory_event_mm(struct mm_struct *mm, enum memcg_memory_event event) { struct mem_cgroup *memcg; if (mem_cgroup_disabled()) return; rcu_read_lock(); memcg = mem_cgroup_from_task(rcu_dereference(mm->owner)); if (likely(memcg)) memcg_memory_event(memcg, event); rcu_read_unlock(); } void split_page_memcg(struct page *head, unsigned int nr); #else /* CONFIG_MEMCG */ #define MEM_CGROUP_ID_SHIFT 0 #define MEM_CGROUP_ID_MAX 0 struct mem_cgroup; static inline bool mem_cgroup_is_root(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { return true; } static inline bool mem_cgroup_disabled(void) { return true; } static inline void memcg_memory_event(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, enum memcg_memory_event event) { } static inline void memcg_memory_event_mm(struct mm_struct *mm, enum memcg_memory_event event) { } static inline void mem_cgroup_protection(struct mem_cgroup *root, struct mem_cgroup *memcg, unsigned long *min, unsigned long *low) { *min = *low = 0; } static inline void mem_cgroup_calculate_protection(struct mem_cgroup *root, struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { } static inline bool mem_cgroup_below_low(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { return false; } static inline bool mem_cgroup_below_min(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { return false; } static inline int mem_cgroup_charge(struct page *page, struct mm_struct *mm, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return 0; } static inline void mem_cgroup_uncharge(struct page *page) { } static inline void mem_cgroup_uncharge_list(struct list_head *page_list) { } static inline void mem_cgroup_migrate(struct page *old, struct page *new) { } static inline struct lruvec *mem_cgroup_lruvec(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, struct pglist_data *pgdat) { return &pgdat->__lruvec; } static inline struct lruvec *mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(struct page *page, struct pglist_data *pgdat) { return &pgdat->__lruvec; } static inline struct mem_cgroup *parent_mem_cgroup(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { return NULL; } static inline bool mm_match_cgroup(struct mm_struct *mm, struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { return true; } static inline struct mem_cgroup *get_mem_cgroup_from_mm(struct mm_struct *mm) { return NULL; } static inline struct mem_cgroup *get_mem_cgroup_from_page(struct page *page) { return NULL; } static inline void mem_cgroup_put(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { } static inline struct mem_cgroup * mem_cgroup_iter(struct mem_cgroup *root, struct mem_cgroup *prev, struct mem_cgroup_reclaim_cookie *reclaim) { return NULL; } static inline void mem_cgroup_iter_break(struct mem_cgroup *root, struct mem_cgroup *prev) { } static inline int mem_cgroup_scan_tasks(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int (*fn)(struct task_struct *, void *), void *arg) { return 0; } static inline unsigned short mem_cgroup_id(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { return 0; } static inline struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup_from_id(unsigned short id) { WARN_ON_ONCE(id); /* XXX: This should always return root_mem_cgroup */ return NULL; } static inline struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup_from_seq(struct seq_file *m) { return NULL; } static inline struct mem_cgroup *lruvec_memcg(struct lruvec *lruvec) { return NULL; } static inline bool mem_cgroup_online(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { return true; } static inline unsigned long mem_cgroup_get_zone_lru_size(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum lru_list lru, int zone_idx) { return 0; } static inline unsigned long mem_cgroup_get_max(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { return 0; } static inline unsigned long mem_cgroup_size(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { return 0; } static inline void mem_cgroup_print_oom_context(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, struct task_struct *p) { } static inline void mem_cgroup_print_oom_meminfo(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { } static inline struct mem_cgroup *lock_page_memcg(struct page *page) { return NULL; } static inline void __unlock_page_memcg(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { } static inline void unlock_page_memcg(struct page *page) { } static inline void mem_cgroup_handle_over_high(void) { } static inline void mem_cgroup_enter_user_fault(void) { } static inline void mem_cgroup_exit_user_fault(void) { } static inline bool task_in_memcg_oom(struct task_struct *p) { return false; } static inline bool mem_cgroup_oom_synchronize(bool wait) { return false; } static inline struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup_get_oom_group( struct task_struct *victim, struct mem_cgroup *oom_domain) { return NULL; } static inline void mem_cgroup_print_oom_group(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { } static inline unsigned long memcg_page_state(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int idx) { return 0; } static inline unsigned long memcg_page_state_local(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int idx) { return 0; } static inline void __mod_memcg_state(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int idx, int nr) { } static inline void mod_memcg_state(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int idx, int nr) { } static inline void __mod_memcg_page_state(struct page *page, int idx, int nr) { } static inline void mod_memcg_page_state(struct page *page, int idx, int nr) { } static inline unsigned long lruvec_page_state(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum node_stat_item idx) { return node_page_state(lruvec_pgdat(lruvec), idx); } static inline unsigned long lruvec_page_state_local(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum node_stat_item idx) { return node_page_state(lruvec_pgdat(lruvec), idx); } static inline void __mod_memcg_lruvec_state(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum node_stat_item idx, int val) { } static inline void __mod_lruvec_state(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum node_stat_item idx, int val) { __mod_node_page_state(lruvec_pgdat(lruvec), idx, val); } static inline void mod_lruvec_state(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum node_stat_item idx, int val) { mod_node_page_state(lruvec_pgdat(lruvec), idx, val); } static inline void __mod_lruvec_page_state(struct page *page, enum node_stat_item idx, int val) { __mod_node_page_state(page_pgdat(page), idx, val); } static inline void mod_lruvec_page_state(struct page *page, enum node_stat_item idx, int val) { mod_node_page_state(page_pgdat(page), idx, val); } static inline void __mod_lruvec_slab_state(void *p, enum node_stat_item idx, int val) { struct page *page = virt_to_head_page(p); __mod_node_page_state(page_pgdat(page), idx, val); } static inline void mod_lruvec_slab_state(void *p, enum node_stat_item idx, int val) { struct page *page = virt_to_head_page(p); mod_node_page_state(page_pgdat(page), idx, val); } static inline void mod_memcg_obj_state(void *p, int idx, int val) { } static inline unsigned long mem_cgroup_soft_limit_reclaim(pg_data_t *pgdat, int order, gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned long *total_scanned) { return 0; } static inline void split_page_memcg(struct page *head, unsigned int nr) { } static inline void count_memcg_events(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, enum vm_event_item idx, unsigned long count) { } static inline void __count_memcg_events(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, enum vm_event_item idx, unsigned long count) { } static inline void count_memcg_page_event(struct page *page, int idx) { } static inline void count_memcg_event_mm(struct mm_struct *mm, enum vm_event_item idx) { } #endif /* CONFIG_MEMCG */ /* idx can be of type enum memcg_stat_item or node_stat_item */ static inline void __inc_memcg_state(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int idx) { __mod_memcg_state(memcg, idx, 1); } /* idx can be of type enum memcg_stat_item or node_stat_item */ static inline void __dec_memcg_state(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int idx) { __mod_memcg_state(memcg, idx, -1); } /* idx can be of type enum memcg_stat_item or node_stat_item */ static inline void __inc_memcg_page_state(struct page *page, int idx) { __mod_memcg_page_state(page, idx, 1); } /* idx can be of type enum memcg_stat_item or node_stat_item */ static inline void __dec_memcg_page_state(struct page *page, int idx) { __mod_memcg_page_state(page, idx, -1); } static inline void __inc_lruvec_state(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum node_stat_item idx) { __mod_lruvec_state(lruvec, idx, 1); } static inline void __dec_lruvec_state(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum node_stat_item idx) { __mod_lruvec_state(lruvec, idx, -1); } static inline void __inc_lruvec_page_state(struct page *page, enum node_stat_item idx) { __mod_lruvec_page_state(page, idx, 1); } static inline void __dec_lruvec_page_state(struct page *page, enum node_stat_item idx) { __mod_lruvec_page_state(page, idx, -1); } static inline void __inc_lruvec_slab_state(void *p, enum node_stat_item idx) { __mod_lruvec_slab_state(p, idx, 1); } static inline void __dec_lruvec_slab_state(void *p, enum node_stat_item idx) { __mod_lruvec_slab_state(p, idx, -1); } /* idx can be of type enum memcg_stat_item or node_stat_item */ static inline void inc_memcg_state(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int idx) { mod_memcg_state(memcg, idx, 1); } /* idx can be of type enum memcg_stat_item or node_stat_item */ static inline void dec_memcg_state(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int idx) { mod_memcg_state(memcg, idx, -1); } /* idx can be of type enum memcg_stat_item or node_stat_item */ static inline void inc_memcg_page_state(struct page *page, int idx) { mod_memcg_page_state(page, idx, 1); } /* idx can be of type enum memcg_stat_item or node_stat_item */ static inline void dec_memcg_page_state(struct page *page, int idx) { mod_memcg_page_state(page, idx, -1); } static inline void inc_lruvec_state(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum node_stat_item idx) { mod_lruvec_state(lruvec, idx, 1); } static inline void dec_lruvec_state(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum node_stat_item idx) { mod_lruvec_state(lruvec, idx, -1); } static inline void inc_lruvec_page_state(struct page *page, enum node_stat_item idx) { mod_lruvec_page_state(page, idx, 1); } static inline void dec_lruvec_page_state(struct page *page, enum node_stat_item idx) { mod_lruvec_page_state(page, idx, -1); } static inline struct lruvec *parent_lruvec(struct lruvec *lruvec) { struct mem_cgroup *memcg; memcg = lruvec_memcg(lruvec); if (!memcg) return NULL; memcg = parent_mem_cgroup(memcg); if (!memcg) return NULL; return mem_cgroup_lruvec(memcg, lruvec_pgdat(lruvec)); } #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK struct wb_domain *mem_cgroup_wb_domain(struct bdi_writeback *wb); void mem_cgroup_wb_stats(struct bdi_writeback *wb, unsigned long *pfilepages, unsigned long *pheadroom, unsigned long *pdirty, unsigned long *pwriteback); void mem_cgroup_track_foreign_dirty_slowpath(struct page *page, struct bdi_writeback *wb); static inline void mem_cgroup_track_foreign_dirty(struct page *page, struct bdi_writeback *wb) { if (mem_cgroup_disabled()) return; if (unlikely(&page->mem_cgroup->css != wb->memcg_css)) mem_cgroup_track_foreign_dirty_slowpath(page, wb); } void mem_cgroup_flush_foreign(struct bdi_writeback *wb); #else /* CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK */ static inline struct wb_domain *mem_cgroup_wb_domain(struct bdi_writeback *wb) { return NULL; } static inline void mem_cgroup_wb_stats(struct bdi_writeback *wb, unsigned long *pfilepages, unsigned long *pheadroom, unsigned long *pdirty, unsigned long *pwriteback) { } static inline void mem_cgroup_track_foreign_dirty(struct page *page, struct bdi_writeback *wb) { } static inline void mem_cgroup_flush_foreign(struct bdi_writeback *wb) { } #endif /* CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK */ struct sock; bool mem_cgroup_charge_skmem(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, unsigned int nr_pages); void mem_cgroup_uncharge_skmem(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, unsigned int nr_pages); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG extern struct static_key_false memcg_sockets_enabled_key; #define mem_cgroup_sockets_enabled static_branch_unlikely(&memcg_sockets_enabled_key) void mem_cgroup_sk_alloc(struct sock *sk); void mem_cgroup_sk_free(struct sock *sk); static inline bool mem_cgroup_under_socket_pressure(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { if (!cgroup_subsys_on_dfl(memory_cgrp_subsys) && memcg->tcpmem_pressure) return true; do { if (time_before(jiffies, memcg->socket_pressure)) return true; } while ((memcg = parent_mem_cgroup(memcg))); return false; } extern int memcg_expand_shrinker_maps(int new_id); extern void memcg_set_shrinker_bit(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int nid, int shrinker_id); #else #define mem_cgroup_sockets_enabled 0 static inline void mem_cgroup_sk_alloc(struct sock *sk) { }; static inline void mem_cgroup_sk_free(struct sock *sk) { }; static inline bool mem_cgroup_under_socket_pressure(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { return false; } static inline void memcg_set_shrinker_bit(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int nid, int shrinker_id) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM int __memcg_kmem_charge(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, gfp_t gfp, unsigned int nr_pages); void __memcg_kmem_uncharge(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, unsigned int nr_pages); int __memcg_kmem_charge_page(struct page *page, gfp_t gfp, int order); void __memcg_kmem_uncharge_page(struct page *page, int order); struct obj_cgroup *get_obj_cgroup_from_current(void); int obj_cgroup_charge(struct obj_cgroup *objcg, gfp_t gfp, size_t size); void obj_cgroup_uncharge(struct obj_cgroup *objcg, size_t size); extern struct static_key_false memcg_kmem_enabled_key; extern int memcg_nr_cache_ids; void memcg_get_cache_ids(void); void memcg_put_cache_ids(void); /* * Helper macro to loop through all memcg-specific caches. Callers must still * check if the cache is valid (it is either valid or NULL). * the slab_mutex must be held when looping through those caches */ #define for_each_memcg_cache_index(_idx) \ for ((_idx) = 0; (_idx) < memcg_nr_cache_ids; (_idx)++) static inline bool memcg_kmem_enabled(void) { return static_branch_likely(&memcg_kmem_enabled_key); } static inline int memcg_kmem_charge_page(struct page *page, gfp_t gfp, int order) { if (memcg_kmem_enabled()) return __memcg_kmem_charge_page(page, gfp, order); return 0; } static inline void memcg_kmem_uncharge_page(struct page *page, int order) { if (memcg_kmem_enabled()) __memcg_kmem_uncharge_page(page, order); } static inline int memcg_kmem_charge(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, gfp_t gfp, unsigned int nr_pages) { if (memcg_kmem_enabled()) return __memcg_kmem_charge(memcg, gfp, nr_pages); return 0; } static inline void memcg_kmem_uncharge(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, unsigned int nr_pages) { if (memcg_kmem_enabled()) __memcg_kmem_uncharge(memcg, nr_pages); } /* * helper for accessing a memcg's index. It will be used as an index in the * child cache array in kmem_cache, and also to derive its name. This function * will return -1 when this is not a kmem-limited memcg. */ static inline int memcg_cache_id(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { return memcg ? memcg->kmemcg_id : -1; } struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup_from_obj(void *p); #else static inline int memcg_kmem_charge_page(struct page *page, gfp_t gfp, int order) { return 0; } static inline void memcg_kmem_uncharge_page(struct page *page, int order) { } static inline int __memcg_kmem_charge_page(struct page *page, gfp_t gfp, int order) { return 0; } static inline void __memcg_kmem_uncharge_page(struct page *page, int order) { } #define for_each_memcg_cache_index(_idx) \ for (; NULL; ) static inline bool memcg_kmem_enabled(void) { return false; } static inline int memcg_cache_id(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { return -1; } static inline void memcg_get_cache_ids(void) { } static inline void memcg_put_cache_ids(void) { } static inline struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup_from_obj(void *p) { return NULL; } #endif /* CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM */ #endif /* _LINUX_MEMCONTROL_H */
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See the file COPYING in the main directory of the Linux * distribution for more details. */ #include <linux/cpu.h> #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <linux/cpuset.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/kmod.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/mempolicy.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/memory.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/fs_context.h> #include <linux/namei.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/proc_fs.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/deadline.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/stat.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/time64.h> #include <linux/backing-dev.h> #include <linux/sort.h> #include <linux/oom.h> #include <linux/sched/isolation.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/cgroup.h> #include <linux/wait.h> DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(cpusets_pre_enable_key); DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(cpusets_enabled_key); /* See "Frequency meter" comments, below. */ struct fmeter { int cnt; /* unprocessed events count */ int val; /* most recent output value */ time64_t time; /* clock (secs) when val computed */ spinlock_t lock; /* guards read or write of above */ }; struct cpuset { struct cgroup_subsys_state css; unsigned long flags; /* "unsigned long" so bitops work */ /* * On default hierarchy: * * The user-configured masks can only be changed by writing to * cpuset.cpus and cpuset.mems, and won't be limited by the * parent masks. * * The effective masks is the real masks that apply to the tasks * in the cpuset. They may be changed if the configured masks are * changed or hotplug happens. * * effective_mask == configured_mask & parent's effective_mask, * and if it ends up empty, it will inherit the parent's mask. * * * On legacy hierachy: * * The user-configured masks are always the same with effective masks. */ /* user-configured CPUs and Memory Nodes allow to tasks */ cpumask_var_t cpus_allowed; nodemask_t mems_allowed; /* effective CPUs and Memory Nodes allow to tasks */ cpumask_var_t effective_cpus; nodemask_t effective_mems; /* * CPUs allocated to child sub-partitions (default hierarchy only) * - CPUs granted by the parent = effective_cpus U subparts_cpus * - effective_cpus and subparts_cpus are mutually exclusive. * * effective_cpus contains only onlined CPUs, but subparts_cpus * may have offlined ones. */ cpumask_var_t subparts_cpus; /* * This is old Memory Nodes tasks took on. * * - top_cpuset.old_mems_allowed is initialized to mems_allowed. * - A new cpuset's old_mems_allowed is initialized when some * task is moved into it. * - old_mems_allowed is used in cpuset_migrate_mm() when we change * cpuset.mems_allowed and have tasks' nodemask updated, and * then old_mems_allowed is updated to mems_allowed. */ nodemask_t old_mems_allowed; struct fmeter fmeter; /* memory_pressure filter */ /* * Tasks are being attached to this cpuset. Used to prevent * zeroing cpus/mems_allowed between ->can_attach() and ->attach(). */ int attach_in_progress; /* partition number for rebuild_sched_domains() */ int pn; /* for custom sched domain */ int relax_domain_level; /* number of CPUs in subparts_cpus */ int nr_subparts_cpus; /* partition root state */ int partition_root_state; /* * Default hierarchy only: * use_parent_ecpus - set if using parent's effective_cpus * child_ecpus_count - # of children with use_parent_ecpus set */ int use_parent_ecpus; int child_ecpus_count; }; /* * Partition root states: * * 0 - not a partition root * * 1 - partition root * * -1 - invalid partition root * None of the cpus in cpus_allowed can be put into the parent's * subparts_cpus. In this case, the cpuset is not a real partition * root anymore. However, the CPU_EXCLUSIVE bit will still be set * and the cpuset can be restored back to a partition root if the * parent cpuset can give more CPUs back to this child cpuset. */ #define PRS_DISABLED 0 #define PRS_ENABLED 1 #define PRS_ERROR -1 /* * Temporary cpumasks for working with partitions that are passed among * functions to avoid memory allocation in inner functions. */ struct tmpmasks { cpumask_var_t addmask, delmask; /* For partition root */ cpumask_var_t new_cpus; /* For update_cpumasks_hier() */ }; static inline struct cpuset *css_cs(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css) { return css ? container_of(css, struct cpuset, css) : NULL; } /* Retrieve the cpuset for a task */ static inline struct cpuset *task_cs(struct task_struct *task) { return css_cs(task_css(task, cpuset_cgrp_id)); } static inline struct cpuset *parent_cs(struct cpuset *cs) { return css_cs(cs->css.parent); } /* bits in struct cpuset flags field */ typedef enum { CS_ONLINE, CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE, CS_MEM_EXCLUSIVE, CS_MEM_HARDWALL, CS_MEMORY_MIGRATE, CS_SCHED_LOAD_BALANCE, CS_SPREAD_PAGE, CS_SPREAD_SLAB, } cpuset_flagbits_t; /* convenient tests for these bits */ static inline bool is_cpuset_online(struct cpuset *cs) { return test_bit(CS_ONLINE, &cs->flags) && !css_is_dying(&cs->css); } static inline int is_cpu_exclusive(const struct cpuset *cs) { return test_bit(CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE, &cs->flags); } static inline int is_mem_exclusive(const struct cpuset *cs) { return test_bit(CS_MEM_EXCLUSIVE, &cs->flags); } static inline int is_mem_hardwall(const struct cpuset *cs) { return test_bit(CS_MEM_HARDWALL, &cs->flags); } static inline int is_sched_load_balance(const struct cpuset *cs) { return test_bit(CS_SCHED_LOAD_BALANCE, &cs->flags); } static inline int is_memory_migrate(const struct cpuset *cs) { return test_bit(CS_MEMORY_MIGRATE, &cs->flags); } static inline int is_spread_page(const struct cpuset *cs) { return test_bit(CS_SPREAD_PAGE, &cs->flags); } static inline int is_spread_slab(const struct cpuset *cs) { return test_bit(CS_SPREAD_SLAB, &cs->flags); } static inline int is_partition_root(const struct cpuset *cs) { return cs->partition_root_state > 0; } static struct cpuset top_cpuset = { .flags = ((1 << CS_ONLINE) | (1 << CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE) | (1 << CS_MEM_EXCLUSIVE)), .partition_root_state = PRS_ENABLED, }; /** * cpuset_for_each_child - traverse online children of a cpuset * @child_cs: loop cursor pointing to the current child * @pos_css: used for iteration * @parent_cs: target cpuset to walk children of * * Walk @child_cs through the online children of @parent_cs. Must be used * with RCU read locked. */ #define cpuset_for_each_child(child_cs, pos_css, parent_cs) \ css_for_each_child((pos_css), &(parent_cs)->css) \ if (is_cpuset_online(((child_cs) = css_cs((pos_css))))) /** * cpuset_for_each_descendant_pre - pre-order walk of a cpuset's descendants * @des_cs: loop cursor pointing to the current descendant * @pos_css: used for iteration * @root_cs: target cpuset to walk ancestor of * * Walk @des_cs through the online descendants of @root_cs. Must be used * with RCU read locked. The caller may modify @pos_css by calling * css_rightmost_descendant() to skip subtree. @root_cs is included in the * iteration and the first node to be visited. */ #define cpuset_for_each_descendant_pre(des_cs, pos_css, root_cs) \ css_for_each_descendant_pre((pos_css), &(root_cs)->css) \ if (is_cpuset_online(((des_cs) = css_cs((pos_css))))) /* * There are two global locks guarding cpuset structures - cpuset_mutex and * callback_lock. We also require taking task_lock() when dereferencing a * task's cpuset pointer. See "The task_lock() exception", at the end of this * comment. * * A task must hold both locks to modify cpusets. If a task holds * cpuset_mutex, then it blocks others wanting that mutex, ensuring that it * is the only task able to also acquire callback_lock and be able to * modify cpusets. It can perform various checks on the cpuset structure * first, knowing nothing will change. It can also allocate memory while * just holding cpuset_mutex. While it is performing these checks, various * callback routines can briefly acquire callback_lock to query cpusets. * Once it is ready to make the changes, it takes callback_lock, blocking * everyone else. * * Calls to the kernel memory allocator can not be made while holding * callback_lock, as that would risk double tripping on callback_lock * from one of the callbacks into the cpuset code from within * __alloc_pages(). * * If a task is only holding callback_lock, then it has read-only * access to cpusets. * * Now, the task_struct fields mems_allowed and mempolicy may be changed * by other task, we use alloc_lock in the task_struct fields to protect * them. * * The cpuset_common_file_read() handlers only hold callback_lock across * small pieces of code, such as when reading out possibly multi-word * cpumasks and nodemasks. * * Accessing a task's cpuset should be done in accordance with the * guidelines for accessing subsystem state in kernel/cgroup.c */ DEFINE_STATIC_PERCPU_RWSEM(cpuset_rwsem); void cpuset_read_lock(void) { percpu_down_read(&cpuset_rwsem); } void cpuset_read_unlock(void) { percpu_up_read(&cpuset_rwsem); } static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(callback_lock); static struct workqueue_struct *cpuset_migrate_mm_wq; /* * CPU / memory hotplug is handled asynchronously. */ static void cpuset_hotplug_workfn(struct work_struct *work); static DECLARE_WORK(cpuset_hotplug_work, cpuset_hotplug_workfn); static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(cpuset_attach_wq); /* * Cgroup v2 behavior is used on the "cpus" and "mems" control files when * on default hierarchy or when the cpuset_v2_mode flag is set by mounting * the v1 cpuset cgroup filesystem with the "cpuset_v2_mode" mount option. * With v2 behavior, "cpus" and "mems" are always what the users have * requested and won't be changed by hotplug events. Only the effective * cpus or mems will be affected. */ static inline bool is_in_v2_mode(void) { return cgroup_subsys_on_dfl(cpuset_cgrp_subsys) || (cpuset_cgrp_subsys.root->flags & CGRP_ROOT_CPUSET_V2_MODE); } /* * Return in pmask the portion of a cpusets's cpus_allowed that * are online. If none are online, walk up the cpuset hierarchy * until we find one that does have some online cpus. * * One way or another, we guarantee to return some non-empty subset * of cpu_online_mask. * * Call with callback_lock or cpuset_mutex held. */ static void guarantee_online_cpus(struct cpuset *cs, struct cpumask *pmask) { while (!cpumask_intersects(cs->effective_cpus, cpu_online_mask)) { cs = parent_cs(cs); if (unlikely(!cs)) { /* * The top cpuset doesn't have any online cpu as a * consequence of a race between cpuset_hotplug_work * and cpu hotplug notifier. But we know the top * cpuset's effective_cpus is on its way to be * identical to cpu_online_mask. */ cpumask_copy(pmask, cpu_online_mask); return; } } cpumask_and(pmask, cs->effective_cpus, cpu_online_mask); } /* * Return in *pmask the portion of a cpusets's mems_allowed that * are online, with memory. If none are online with memory, walk * up the cpuset hierarchy until we find one that does have some * online mems. The top cpuset always has some mems online. * * One way or another, we guarantee to return some non-empty subset * of node_states[N_MEMORY]. * * Call with callback_lock or cpuset_mutex held. */ static void guarantee_online_mems(struct cpuset *cs, nodemask_t *pmask) { while (!nodes_intersects(cs->effective_mems, node_states[N_MEMORY])) cs = parent_cs(cs); nodes_and(*pmask, cs->effective_mems, node_states[N_MEMORY]); } /* * update task's spread flag if cpuset's page/slab spread flag is set * * Call with callback_lock or cpuset_mutex held. */ static void cpuset_update_task_spread_flag(struct cpuset *cs, struct task_struct *tsk) { if (is_spread_page(cs)) task_set_spread_page(tsk); else task_clear_spread_page(tsk); if (is_spread_slab(cs)) task_set_spread_slab(tsk); else task_clear_spread_slab(tsk); } /* * is_cpuset_subset(p, q) - Is cpuset p a subset of cpuset q? * * One cpuset is a subset of another if all its allowed CPUs and * Memory Nodes are a subset of the other, and its exclusive flags * are only set if the other's are set. Call holding cpuset_mutex. */ static int is_cpuset_subset(const struct cpuset *p, const struct cpuset *q) { return cpumask_subset(p->cpus_allowed, q->cpus_allowed) && nodes_subset(p->mems_allowed, q->mems_allowed) && is_cpu_exclusive(p) <= is_cpu_exclusive(q) && is_mem_exclusive(p) <= is_mem_exclusive(q); } /** * alloc_cpumasks - allocate three cpumasks for cpuset * @cs: the cpuset that have cpumasks to be allocated. * @tmp: the tmpmasks structure pointer * Return: 0 if successful, -ENOMEM otherwise. * * Only one of the two input arguments should be non-NULL. */ static inline int alloc_cpumasks(struct cpuset *cs, struct tmpmasks *tmp) { cpumask_var_t *pmask1, *pmask2, *pmask3; if (cs) { pmask1 = &cs->cpus_allowed; pmask2 = &cs->effective_cpus; pmask3 = &cs->subparts_cpus; } else { pmask1 = &tmp->new_cpus; pmask2 = &tmp->addmask; pmask3 = &tmp->delmask; } if (!zalloc_cpumask_var(pmask1, GFP_KERNEL)) return -ENOMEM; if (!zalloc_cpumask_var(pmask2, GFP_KERNEL)) goto free_one; if (!zalloc_cpumask_var(pmask3, GFP_KERNEL)) goto free_two; return 0; free_two: free_cpumask_var(*pmask2); free_one: free_cpumask_var(*pmask1); return -ENOMEM; } /** * free_cpumasks - free cpumasks in a tmpmasks structure * @cs: the cpuset that have cpumasks to be free. * @tmp: the tmpmasks structure pointer */ static inline void free_cpumasks(struct cpuset *cs, struct tmpmasks *tmp) { if (cs) { free_cpumask_var(cs->cpus_allowed); free_cpumask_var(cs->effective_cpus); free_cpumask_var(cs->subparts_cpus); } if (tmp) { free_cpumask_var(tmp->new_cpus); free_cpumask_var(tmp->addmask); free_cpumask_var(tmp->delmask); } } /** * alloc_trial_cpuset - allocate a trial cpuset * @cs: the cpuset that the trial cpuset duplicates */ static struct cpuset *alloc_trial_cpuset(struct cpuset *cs) { struct cpuset *trial; trial = kmemdup(cs, sizeof(*cs), GFP_KERNEL); if (!trial) return NULL; if (alloc_cpumasks(trial, NULL)) { kfree(trial); return NULL; } cpumask_copy(trial->cpus_allowed, cs->cpus_allowed); cpumask_copy(trial->effective_cpus, cs->effective_cpus); return trial; } /** * free_cpuset - free the cpuset * @cs: the cpuset to be freed */ static inline void free_cpuset(struct cpuset *cs) { free_cpumasks(cs, NULL); kfree(cs); } /* * validate_change() - Used to validate that any proposed cpuset change * follows the structural rules for cpusets. * * If we replaced the flag and mask values of the current cpuset * (cur) with those values in the trial cpuset (trial), would * our various subset and exclusive rules still be valid? Presumes * cpuset_mutex held. * * 'cur' is the address of an actual, in-use cpuset. Operations * such as list traversal that depend on the actual address of the * cpuset in the list must use cur below, not trial. * * 'trial' is the address of bulk structure copy of cur, with * perhaps one or more of the fields cpus_allowed, mems_allowed, * or flags changed to new, trial values. * * Return 0 if valid, -errno if not. */ static int validate_change(struct cpuset *cur, struct cpuset *trial) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *css; struct cpuset *c, *par; int ret; rcu_read_lock(); /* Each of our child cpusets must be a subset of us */ ret = -EBUSY; cpuset_for_each_child(c, css, cur) if (!is_cpuset_subset(c, trial)) goto out; /* Remaining checks don't apply to root cpuset */ ret = 0; if (cur == &top_cpuset) goto out; par = parent_cs(cur); /* On legacy hiearchy, we must be a subset of our parent cpuset. */ ret = -EACCES; if (!is_in_v2_mode() && !is_cpuset_subset(trial, par)) goto out; /* * If either I or some sibling (!= me) is exclusive, we can't * overlap */ ret = -EINVAL; cpuset_for_each_child(c, css, par) { if ((is_cpu_exclusive(trial) || is_cpu_exclusive(c)) && c != cur && cpumask_intersects(trial->cpus_allowed, c->cpus_allowed)) goto out; if ((is_mem_exclusive(trial) || is_mem_exclusive(c)) && c != cur && nodes_intersects(trial->mems_allowed, c->mems_allowed)) goto out; } /* * Cpusets with tasks - existing or newly being attached - can't * be changed to have empty cpus_allowed or mems_allowed. */ ret = -ENOSPC; if ((cgroup_is_populated(cur->css.cgroup) || cur->attach_in_progress)) { if (!cpumask_empty(cur->cpus_allowed) && cpumask_empty(trial->cpus_allowed)) goto out; if (!nodes_empty(cur->mems_allowed) && nodes_empty(trial->mems_allowed)) goto out; } /* * We can't shrink if we won't have enough room for SCHED_DEADLINE * tasks. */ ret = -EBUSY; if (is_cpu_exclusive(cur) && !cpuset_cpumask_can_shrink(cur->cpus_allowed, trial->cpus_allowed)) goto out; ret = 0; out: rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } #ifdef CONFIG_SMP /* * Helper routine for generate_sched_domains(). * Do cpusets a, b have overlapping effective cpus_allowed masks? */ static int cpusets_overlap(struct cpuset *a, struct cpuset *b) { return cpumask_intersects(a->effective_cpus, b->effective_cpus); } static void update_domain_attr(struct sched_domain_attr *dattr, struct cpuset *c) { if (dattr->relax_domain_level < c->relax_domain_level) dattr->relax_domain_level = c->relax_domain_level; return; } static void update_domain_attr_tree(struct sched_domain_attr *dattr, struct cpuset *root_cs) { struct cpuset *cp; struct cgroup_subsys_state *pos_css; rcu_read_lock(); cpuset_for_each_descendant_pre(cp, pos_css, root_cs) { /* skip the whole subtree if @cp doesn't have any CPU */ if (cpumask_empty(cp->cpus_allowed)) { pos_css = css_rightmost_descendant(pos_css); continue; } if (is_sched_load_balance(cp)) update_domain_attr(dattr, cp); } rcu_read_unlock(); } /* Must be called with cpuset_mutex held. */ static inline int nr_cpusets(void) { /* jump label reference count + the top-level cpuset */ return static_key_count(&cpusets_enabled_key.key) + 1; } /* * generate_sched_domains() * * This function builds a partial partition of the systems CPUs * A 'partial partition' is a set of non-overlapping subsets whose * union is a subset of that set. * The output of this function needs to be passed to kernel/sched/core.c * partition_sched_domains() routine, which will rebuild the scheduler's * load balancing domains (sched domains) as specified by that partial * partition. * * See "What is sched_load_balance" in Documentation/admin-guide/cgroup-v1/cpusets.rst * for a background explanation of this. * * Does not return errors, on the theory that the callers of this * routine would rather not worry about failures to rebuild sched * domains when operating in the severe memory shortage situations * that could cause allocation failures below. * * Must be called with cpuset_mutex held. * * The three key local variables below are: * cp - cpuset pointer, used (together with pos_css) to perform a * top-down scan of all cpusets. For our purposes, rebuilding * the schedulers sched domains, we can ignore !is_sched_load_ * balance cpusets. * csa - (for CpuSet Array) Array of pointers to all the cpusets * that need to be load balanced, for convenient iterative * access by the subsequent code that finds the best partition, * i.e the set of domains (subsets) of CPUs such that the * cpus_allowed of every cpuset marked is_sched_load_balance * is a subset of one of these domains, while there are as * many such domains as possible, each as small as possible. * doms - Conversion of 'csa' to an array of cpumasks, for passing to * the kernel/sched/core.c routine partition_sched_domains() in a * convenient format, that can be easily compared to the prior * value to determine what partition elements (sched domains) * were changed (added or removed.) * * Finding the best partition (set of domains): * The triple nested loops below over i, j, k scan over the * load balanced cpusets (using the array of cpuset pointers in * csa[]) looking for pairs of cpusets that have overlapping * cpus_allowed, but which don't have the same 'pn' partition * number and gives them in the same partition number. It keeps * looping on the 'restart' label until it can no longer find * any such pairs. * * The union of the cpus_allowed masks from the set of * all cpusets having the same 'pn' value then form the one * element of the partition (one sched domain) to be passed to * partition_sched_domains(). */ static int generate_sched_domains(cpumask_var_t **domains, struct sched_domain_attr **attributes) { struct cpuset *cp; /* top-down scan of cpusets */ struct cpuset **csa; /* array of all cpuset ptrs */ int csn; /* how many cpuset ptrs in csa so far */ int i, j, k; /* indices for partition finding loops */ cpumask_var_t *doms; /* resulting partition; i.e. sched domains */ struct sched_domain_attr *dattr; /* attributes for custom domains */ int ndoms = 0; /* number of sched domains in result */ int nslot; /* next empty doms[] struct cpumask slot */ struct cgroup_subsys_state *pos_css; bool root_load_balance = is_sched_load_balance(&top_cpuset); doms = NULL; dattr = NULL; csa = NULL; /* Special case for the 99% of systems with one, full, sched domain */ if (root_load_balance && !top_cpuset.nr_subparts_cpus) { ndoms = 1; doms = alloc_sched_domains(ndoms); if (!doms) goto done; dattr = kmalloc(sizeof(struct sched_domain_attr), GFP_KERNEL); if (dattr) { *dattr = SD_ATTR_INIT; update_domain_attr_tree(dattr, &top_cpuset); } cpumask_and(doms[0], top_cpuset.effective_cpus, housekeeping_cpumask(HK_FLAG_DOMAIN)); goto done; } csa = kmalloc_array(nr_cpusets(), sizeof(cp), GFP_KERNEL); if (!csa) goto done; csn = 0; rcu_read_lock(); if (root_load_balance) csa[csn++] = &top_cpuset; cpuset_for_each_descendant_pre(cp, pos_css, &top_cpuset) { if (cp == &top_cpuset) continue; /* * Continue traversing beyond @cp iff @cp has some CPUs and * isn't load balancing. The former is obvious. The * latter: All child cpusets contain a subset of the * parent's cpus, so just skip them, and then we call * update_domain_attr_tree() to calc relax_domain_level of * the corresponding sched domain. * * If root is load-balancing, we can skip @cp if it * is a subset of the root's effective_cpus. */ if (!cpumask_empty(cp->cpus_allowed) && !(is_sched_load_balance(cp) && cpumask_intersects(cp->cpus_allowed, housekeeping_cpumask(HK_FLAG_DOMAIN)))) continue; if (root_load_balance && cpumask_subset(cp->cpus_allowed, top_cpuset.effective_cpus)) continue; if (is_sched_load_balance(cp) && !cpumask_empty(cp->effective_cpus)) csa[csn++] = cp; /* skip @cp's subtree if not a partition root */ if (!is_partition_root(cp)) pos_css = css_rightmost_descendant(pos_css); } rcu_read_unlock(); for (i = 0; i < csn; i++) csa[i]->pn = i; ndoms = csn; restart: /* Find the best partition (set of sched domains) */ for (i = 0; i < csn; i++) { struct cpuset *a = csa[i]; int apn = a->pn; for (j = 0; j < csn; j++) { struct cpuset *b = csa[j]; int bpn = b->pn; if (apn != bpn && cpusets_overlap(a, b)) { for (k = 0; k < csn; k++) { struct cpuset *c = csa[k]; if (c->pn == bpn) c->pn = apn; } ndoms--; /* one less element */ goto restart; } } } /* * Now we know how many domains to create. * Convert <csn, csa> to <ndoms, doms> and populate cpu masks. */ doms = alloc_sched_domains(ndoms); if (!doms) goto done; /* * The rest of the code, including the scheduler, can deal with * dattr==NULL case. No need to abort if alloc fails. */ dattr = kmalloc_array(ndoms, sizeof(struct sched_domain_attr), GFP_KERNEL); for (nslot = 0, i = 0; i < csn; i++) { struct cpuset *a = csa[i]; struct cpumask *dp; int apn = a->pn; if (apn < 0) { /* Skip completed partitions */ continue; } dp = doms[nslot]; if (nslot == ndoms) { static int warnings = 10; if (warnings) { pr_warn("rebuild_sched_domains confused: nslot %d, ndoms %d, csn %d, i %d, apn %d\n", nslot, ndoms, csn, i, apn); warnings--; } continue; } cpumask_clear(dp); if (dattr) *(dattr + nslot) = SD_ATTR_INIT; for (j = i; j < csn; j++) { struct cpuset *b = csa[j]; if (apn == b->pn) { cpumask_or(dp, dp, b->effective_cpus); cpumask_and(dp, dp, housekeeping_cpumask(HK_FLAG_DOMAIN)); if (dattr) update_domain_attr_tree(dattr + nslot, b); /* Done with this partition */ b->pn = -1; } } nslot++; } BUG_ON(nslot != ndoms); done: kfree(csa); /* * Fallback to the default domain if kmalloc() failed. * See comments in partition_sched_domains(). */ if (doms == NULL) ndoms = 1; *domains = doms; *attributes = dattr; return ndoms; } static void update_tasks_root_domain(struct cpuset *cs) { struct css_task_iter it; struct task_struct *task; css_task_iter_start(&cs->css, 0, &it); while ((task = css_task_iter_next(&it))) dl_add_task_root_domain(task); css_task_iter_end(&it); } static void rebuild_root_domains(void) { struct cpuset *cs = NULL; struct cgroup_subsys_state *pos_css; percpu_rwsem_assert_held(&cpuset_rwsem); lockdep_assert_cpus_held(); lockdep_assert_held(&sched_domains_mutex); rcu_read_lock(); /* * Clear default root domain DL accounting, it will be computed again * if a task belongs to it. */ dl_clear_root_domain(&def_root_domain); cpuset_for_each_descendant_pre(cs, pos_css, &top_cpuset) { if (cpumask_empty(cs->effective_cpus)) { pos_css = css_rightmost_descendant(pos_css); continue; } css_get(&cs->css); rcu_read_unlock(); update_tasks_root_domain(cs); rcu_read_lock(); css_put(&cs->css); } rcu_read_unlock(); } static void partition_and_rebuild_sched_domains(int ndoms_new, cpumask_var_t doms_new[], struct sched_domain_attr *dattr_new) { mutex_lock(&sched_domains_mutex); partition_sched_domains_locked(ndoms_new, doms_new, dattr_new); rebuild_root_domains(); mutex_unlock(&sched_domains_mutex); } /* * Rebuild scheduler domains. * * If the flag 'sched_load_balance' of any cpuset with non-empty * 'cpus' changes, or if the 'cpus' allowed changes in any cpuset * which has that flag enabled, or if any cpuset with a non-empty * 'cpus' is removed, then call this routine to rebuild the * scheduler's dynamic sched domains. * * Call with cpuset_mutex held. Takes get_online_cpus(). */ static void rebuild_sched_domains_locked(void) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *pos_css; struct sched_domain_attr *attr; cpumask_var_t *doms; struct cpuset *cs; int ndoms; lockdep_assert_cpus_held(); percpu_rwsem_assert_held(&cpuset_rwsem); /* * If we have raced with CPU hotplug, return early to avoid * passing doms with offlined cpu to partition_sched_domains(). * Anyways, cpuset_hotplug_workfn() will rebuild sched domains. * * With no CPUs in any subpartitions, top_cpuset's effective CPUs * should be the same as the active CPUs, so checking only top_cpuset * is enough to detect racing CPU offlines. */ if (!top_cpuset.nr_subparts_cpus && !cpumask_equal(top_cpuset.effective_cpus, cpu_active_mask)) return; /* * With subpartition CPUs, however, the effective CPUs of a partition * root should be only a subset of the active CPUs. Since a CPU in any * partition root could be offlined, all must be checked. */ if (top_cpuset.nr_subparts_cpus) { rcu_read_lock(); cpuset_for_each_descendant_pre(cs, pos_css, &top_cpuset) { if (!is_partition_root(cs)) { pos_css = css_rightmost_descendant(pos_css); continue; } if (!cpumask_subset(cs->effective_cpus, cpu_active_mask)) { rcu_read_unlock(); return; } } rcu_read_unlock(); } /* Generate domain masks and attrs */ ndoms = generate_sched_domains(&doms, &attr); /* Have scheduler rebuild the domains */ partition_and_rebuild_sched_domains(ndoms, doms, attr); } #else /* !CONFIG_SMP */ static void rebuild_sched_domains_locked(void) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ void rebuild_sched_domains(void) { get_online_cpus(); percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); rebuild_sched_domains_locked(); percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); put_online_cpus(); } /** * update_tasks_cpumask - Update the cpumasks of tasks in the cpuset. * @cs: the cpuset in which each task's cpus_allowed mask needs to be changed * * Iterate through each task of @cs updating its cpus_allowed to the * effective cpuset's. As this function is called with cpuset_mutex held, * cpuset membership stays stable. */ static void update_tasks_cpumask(struct cpuset *cs) { struct css_task_iter it; struct task_struct *task; css_task_iter_start(&cs->css, 0, &it); while ((task = css_task_iter_next(&it))) set_cpus_allowed_ptr(task, cs->effective_cpus); css_task_iter_end(&it); } /** * compute_effective_cpumask - Compute the effective cpumask of the cpuset * @new_cpus: the temp variable for the new effective_cpus mask * @cs: the cpuset the need to recompute the new effective_cpus mask * @parent: the parent cpuset * * If the parent has subpartition CPUs, include them in the list of * allowable CPUs in computing the new effective_cpus mask. Since offlined * CPUs are not removed from subparts_cpus, we have to use cpu_active_mask * to mask those out. */ static void compute_effective_cpumask(struct cpumask *new_cpus, struct cpuset *cs, struct cpuset *parent) { if (parent->nr_subparts_cpus) { cpumask_or(new_cpus, parent->effective_cpus, parent->subparts_cpus); cpumask_and(new_cpus, new_cpus, cs->cpus_allowed); cpumask_and(new_cpus, new_cpus, cpu_active_mask); } else { cpumask_and(new_cpus, cs->cpus_allowed, parent->effective_cpus); } } /* * Commands for update_parent_subparts_cpumask */ enum subparts_cmd { partcmd_enable, /* Enable partition root */ partcmd_disable, /* Disable partition root */ partcmd_update, /* Update parent's subparts_cpus */ }; /** * update_parent_subparts_cpumask - update subparts_cpus mask of parent cpuset * @cpuset: The cpuset that requests change in partition root state * @cmd: Partition root state change command * @newmask: Optional new cpumask for partcmd_update * @tmp: Temporary addmask and delmask * Return: 0, 1 or an error code * * For partcmd_enable, the cpuset is being transformed from a non-partition * root to a partition root. The cpus_allowed mask of the given cpuset will * be put into parent's subparts_cpus and taken away from parent's * effective_cpus. The function will return 0 if all the CPUs listed in * cpus_allowed can be granted or an error code will be returned. * * For partcmd_disable, the cpuset is being transofrmed from a partition * root back to a non-partition root. Any CPUs in cpus_allowed that are in * parent's subparts_cpus will be taken away from that cpumask and put back * into parent's effective_cpus. 0 should always be returned. * * For partcmd_update, if the optional newmask is specified, the cpu * list is to be changed from cpus_allowed to newmask. Otherwise, * cpus_allowed is assumed to remain the same. The cpuset should either * be a partition root or an invalid partition root. The partition root * state may change if newmask is NULL and none of the requested CPUs can * be granted by the parent. The function will return 1 if changes to * parent's subparts_cpus and effective_cpus happen or 0 otherwise. * Error code should only be returned when newmask is non-NULL. * * The partcmd_enable and partcmd_disable commands are used by * update_prstate(). The partcmd_update command is used by * update_cpumasks_hier() with newmask NULL and update_cpumask() with * newmask set. * * The checking is more strict when enabling partition root than the * other two commands. * * Because of the implicit cpu exclusive nature of a partition root, * cpumask changes that violates the cpu exclusivity rule will not be * permitted when checked by validate_change(). The validate_change() * function will also prevent any changes to the cpu list if it is not * a superset of children's cpu lists. */ static int update_parent_subparts_cpumask(struct cpuset *cpuset, int cmd, struct cpumask *newmask, struct tmpmasks *tmp) { struct cpuset *parent = parent_cs(cpuset); int adding; /* Moving cpus from effective_cpus to subparts_cpus */ int deleting; /* Moving cpus from subparts_cpus to effective_cpus */ int new_prs; bool part_error = false; /* Partition error? */ percpu_rwsem_assert_held(&cpuset_rwsem); /* * The parent must be a partition root. * The new cpumask, if present, or the current cpus_allowed must * not be empty. */ if (!is_partition_root(parent) || (newmask && cpumask_empty(newmask)) || (!newmask && cpumask_empty(cpuset->cpus_allowed))) return -EINVAL; /* * Enabling/disabling partition root is not allowed if there are * online children. */ if ((cmd != partcmd_update) && css_has_online_children(&cpuset->css)) return -EBUSY; /* * Enabling partition root is not allowed if not all the CPUs * can be granted from parent's effective_cpus or at least one * CPU will be left after that. */ if ((cmd == partcmd_enable) && (!cpumask_subset(cpuset->cpus_allowed, parent->effective_cpus) || cpumask_equal(cpuset->cpus_allowed, parent->effective_cpus))) return -EINVAL; /* * A cpumask update cannot make parent's effective_cpus become empty. */ adding = deleting = false; new_prs = cpuset->partition_root_state; if (cmd == partcmd_enable) { cpumask_copy(tmp->addmask, cpuset->cpus_allowed); adding = true; } else if (cmd == partcmd_disable) { deleting = cpumask_and(tmp->delmask, cpuset->cpus_allowed, parent->subparts_cpus); } else if (newmask) { /* * partcmd_update with newmask: * * delmask = cpus_allowed & ~newmask & parent->subparts_cpus * addmask = newmask & parent->effective_cpus * & ~parent->subparts_cpus */ cpumask_andnot(tmp->delmask, cpuset->cpus_allowed, newmask); deleting = cpumask_and(tmp->delmask, tmp->delmask, parent->subparts_cpus); cpumask_and(tmp->addmask, newmask, parent->effective_cpus); adding = cpumask_andnot(tmp->addmask, tmp->addmask, parent->subparts_cpus); /* * Return error if the new effective_cpus could become empty. */ if (adding && cpumask_equal(parent->effective_cpus, tmp->addmask)) { if (!deleting) return -EINVAL; /* * As some of the CPUs in subparts_cpus might have * been offlined, we need to compute the real delmask * to confirm that. */ if (!cpumask_and(tmp->addmask, tmp->delmask, cpu_active_mask)) return -EINVAL; cpumask_copy(tmp->addmask, parent->effective_cpus); } } else { /* * partcmd_update w/o newmask: * * addmask = cpus_allowed & parent->effective_cpus * * Note that parent's subparts_cpus may have been * pre-shrunk in case there is a change in the cpu list. * So no deletion is needed. */ adding = cpumask_and(tmp->addmask, cpuset->cpus_allowed, parent->effective_cpus); part_error = cpumask_equal(tmp->addmask, parent->effective_cpus); } if (cmd == partcmd_update) { int prev_prs = cpuset->partition_root_state; /* * Check for possible transition between PRS_ENABLED * and PRS_ERROR. */ switch (cpuset->partition_root_state) { case PRS_ENABLED: if (part_error) new_prs = PRS_ERROR; break; case PRS_ERROR: if (!part_error) new_prs = PRS_ENABLED; break; } /* * Set part_error if previously in invalid state. */ part_error = (prev_prs == PRS_ERROR); } if (!part_error && (new_prs == PRS_ERROR)) return 0; /* Nothing need to be done */ if (new_prs == PRS_ERROR) { /* * Remove all its cpus from parent's subparts_cpus. */ adding = false; deleting = cpumask_and(tmp->delmask, cpuset->cpus_allowed, parent->subparts_cpus); } if (!adding && !deleting && (new_prs == cpuset->partition_root_state)) return 0; /* * Change the parent's subparts_cpus. * Newly added CPUs will be removed from effective_cpus and * newly deleted ones will be added back to effective_cpus. */ spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); if (adding) { cpumask_or(parent->subparts_cpus, parent->subparts_cpus, tmp->addmask); cpumask_andnot(parent->effective_cpus, parent->effective_cpus, tmp->addmask); } if (deleting) { cpumask_andnot(parent->subparts_cpus, parent->subparts_cpus, tmp->delmask); /* * Some of the CPUs in subparts_cpus might have been offlined. */ cpumask_and(tmp->delmask, tmp->delmask, cpu_active_mask); cpumask_or(parent->effective_cpus, parent->effective_cpus, tmp->delmask); } parent->nr_subparts_cpus = cpumask_weight(parent->subparts_cpus); if (cpuset->partition_root_state != new_prs) cpuset->partition_root_state = new_prs; spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); return cmd == partcmd_update; } /* * update_cpumasks_hier - Update effective cpumasks and tasks in the subtree * @cs: the cpuset to consider * @tmp: temp variables for calculating effective_cpus & partition setup * * When congifured cpumask is changed, the effective cpumasks of this cpuset * and all its descendants need to be updated. * * On legacy hierachy, effective_cpus will be the same with cpu_allowed. * * Called with cpuset_mutex held */ static void update_cpumasks_hier(struct cpuset *cs, struct tmpmasks *tmp) { struct cpuset *cp; struct cgroup_subsys_state *pos_css; bool need_rebuild_sched_domains = false; int new_prs; rcu_read_lock(); cpuset_for_each_descendant_pre(cp, pos_css, cs) { struct cpuset *parent = parent_cs(cp); compute_effective_cpumask(tmp->new_cpus, cp, parent); /* * If it becomes empty, inherit the effective mask of the * parent, which is guaranteed to have some CPUs. */ if (is_in_v2_mode() && cpumask_empty(tmp->new_cpus)) { cpumask_copy(tmp->new_cpus, parent->effective_cpus); if (!cp->use_parent_ecpus) { cp->use_parent_ecpus = true; parent->child_ecpus_count++; } } else if (cp->use_parent_ecpus) { cp->use_parent_ecpus = false; WARN_ON_ONCE(!parent->child_ecpus_count); parent->child_ecpus_count--; } /* * Skip the whole subtree if the cpumask remains the same * and has no partition root state. */ if (!cp->partition_root_state && cpumask_equal(tmp->new_cpus, cp->effective_cpus)) { pos_css = css_rightmost_descendant(pos_css); continue; } /* * update_parent_subparts_cpumask() should have been called * for cs already in update_cpumask(). We should also call * update_tasks_cpumask() again for tasks in the parent * cpuset if the parent's subparts_cpus changes. */ new_prs = cp->partition_root_state; if ((cp != cs) && new_prs) { switch (parent->partition_root_state) { case PRS_DISABLED: /* * If parent is not a partition root or an * invalid partition root, clear its state * and its CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE flag. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(cp->partition_root_state != PRS_ERROR); new_prs = PRS_DISABLED; /* * clear_bit() is an atomic operation and * readers aren't interested in the state * of CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE anyway. So we can * just update the flag without holding * the callback_lock. */ clear_bit(CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE, &cp->flags); break; case PRS_ENABLED: if (update_parent_subparts_cpumask(cp, partcmd_update, NULL, tmp)) update_tasks_cpumask(parent); break; case PRS_ERROR: /* * When parent is invalid, it has to be too. */ new_prs = PRS_ERROR; break; } } if (!css_tryget_online(&cp->css)) continue; rcu_read_unlock(); spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); cpumask_copy(cp->effective_cpus, tmp->new_cpus); if (cp->nr_subparts_cpus && (new_prs != PRS_ENABLED)) { cp->nr_subparts_cpus = 0; cpumask_clear(cp->subparts_cpus); } else if (cp->nr_subparts_cpus) { /* * Make sure that effective_cpus & subparts_cpus * are mutually exclusive. * * In the unlikely event that effective_cpus * becomes empty. we clear cp->nr_subparts_cpus and * let its child partition roots to compete for * CPUs again. */ cpumask_andnot(cp->effective_cpus, cp->effective_cpus, cp->subparts_cpus); if (cpumask_empty(cp->effective_cpus)) { cpumask_copy(cp->effective_cpus, tmp->new_cpus); cpumask_clear(cp->subparts_cpus); cp->nr_subparts_cpus = 0; } else if (!cpumask_subset(cp->subparts_cpus, tmp->new_cpus)) { cpumask_andnot(cp->subparts_cpus, cp->subparts_cpus, tmp->new_cpus); cp->nr_subparts_cpus = cpumask_weight(cp->subparts_cpus); } } if (new_prs != cp->partition_root_state) cp->partition_root_state = new_prs; spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); WARN_ON(!is_in_v2_mode() && !cpumask_equal(cp->cpus_allowed, cp->effective_cpus)); update_tasks_cpumask(cp); /* * On legacy hierarchy, if the effective cpumask of any non- * empty cpuset is changed, we need to rebuild sched domains. * On default hierarchy, the cpuset needs to be a partition * root as well. */ if (!cpumask_empty(cp->cpus_allowed) && is_sched_load_balance(cp) && (!cgroup_subsys_on_dfl(cpuset_cgrp_subsys) || is_partition_root(cp))) need_rebuild_sched_domains = true; rcu_read_lock(); css_put(&cp->css); } rcu_read_unlock(); if (need_rebuild_sched_domains) rebuild_sched_domains_locked(); } /** * update_sibling_cpumasks - Update siblings cpumasks * @parent: Parent cpuset * @cs: Current cpuset * @tmp: Temp variables */ static void update_sibling_cpumasks(struct cpuset *parent, struct cpuset *cs, struct tmpmasks *tmp) { struct cpuset *sibling; struct cgroup_subsys_state *pos_css; /* * Check all its siblings and call update_cpumasks_hier() * if their use_parent_ecpus flag is set in order for them * to use the right effective_cpus value. */ rcu_read_lock(); cpuset_for_each_child(sibling, pos_css, parent) { if (sibling == cs) continue; if (!sibling->use_parent_ecpus) continue; update_cpumasks_hier(sibling, tmp); } rcu_read_unlock(); } /** * update_cpumask - update the cpus_allowed mask of a cpuset and all tasks in it * @cs: the cpuset to consider * @trialcs: trial cpuset * @buf: buffer of cpu numbers written to this cpuset */ static int update_cpumask(struct cpuset *cs, struct cpuset *trialcs, const char *buf) { int retval; struct tmpmasks tmp; /* top_cpuset.cpus_allowed tracks cpu_online_mask; it's read-only */ if (cs == &top_cpuset) return -EACCES; /* * An empty cpus_allowed is ok only if the cpuset has no tasks. * Since cpulist_parse() fails on an empty mask, we special case * that parsing. The validate_change() call ensures that cpusets * with tasks have cpus. */ if (!*buf) { cpumask_clear(trialcs->cpus_allowed); } else { retval = cpulist_parse(buf, trialcs->cpus_allowed); if (retval < 0) return retval; if (!cpumask_subset(trialcs->cpus_allowed, top_cpuset.cpus_allowed)) return -EINVAL; } /* Nothing to do if the cpus didn't change */ if (cpumask_equal(cs->cpus_allowed, trialcs->cpus_allowed)) return 0; retval = validate_change(cs, trialcs); if (retval < 0) return retval; #ifdef CONFIG_CPUMASK_OFFSTACK /* * Use the cpumasks in trialcs for tmpmasks when they are pointers * to allocated cpumasks. */ tmp.addmask = trialcs->subparts_cpus; tmp.delmask = trialcs->effective_cpus; tmp.new_cpus = trialcs->cpus_allowed; #endif if (cs->partition_root_state) { /* Cpumask of a partition root cannot be empty */ if (cpumask_empty(trialcs->cpus_allowed)) return -EINVAL; if (update_parent_subparts_cpumask(cs, partcmd_update, trialcs->cpus_allowed, &tmp) < 0) return -EINVAL; } spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); cpumask_copy(cs->cpus_allowed, trialcs->cpus_allowed); /* * Make sure that subparts_cpus is a subset of cpus_allowed. */ if (cs->nr_subparts_cpus) { cpumask_andnot(cs->subparts_cpus, cs->subparts_cpus, cs->cpus_allowed); cs->nr_subparts_cpus = cpumask_weight(cs->subparts_cpus); } spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); update_cpumasks_hier(cs, &tmp); if (cs->partition_root_state) { struct cpuset *parent = parent_cs(cs); /* * For partition root, update the cpumasks of sibling * cpusets if they use parent's effective_cpus. */ if (parent->child_ecpus_count) update_sibling_cpumasks(parent, cs, &tmp); } return 0; } /* * Migrate memory region from one set of nodes to another. This is * performed asynchronously as it can be called from process migration path * holding locks involved in process management. All mm migrations are * performed in the queued order and can be waited for by flushing * cpuset_migrate_mm_wq. */ struct cpuset_migrate_mm_work { struct work_struct work; struct mm_struct *mm; nodemask_t from; nodemask_t to; }; static void cpuset_migrate_mm_workfn(struct work_struct *work) { struct cpuset_migrate_mm_work *mwork = container_of(work, struct cpuset_migrate_mm_work, work); /* on a wq worker, no need to worry about %current's mems_allowed */ do_migrate_pages(mwork->mm, &mwork->from, &mwork->to, MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL); mmput(mwork->mm); kfree(mwork); } static void cpuset_migrate_mm(struct mm_struct *mm, const nodemask_t *from, const nodemask_t *to) { struct cpuset_migrate_mm_work *mwork; mwork = kzalloc(sizeof(*mwork), GFP_KERNEL); if (mwork) { mwork->mm = mm; mwork->from = *from; mwork->to = *to; INIT_WORK(&mwork->work, cpuset_migrate_mm_workfn); queue_work(cpuset_migrate_mm_wq, &mwork->work); } else { mmput(mm); } } static void cpuset_post_attach(void) { flush_workqueue(cpuset_migrate_mm_wq); } /* * cpuset_change_task_nodemask - change task's mems_allowed and mempolicy * @tsk: the task to change * @newmems: new nodes that the task will be set * * We use the mems_allowed_seq seqlock to safely update both tsk->mems_allowed * and rebind an eventual tasks' mempolicy. If the task is allocating in * parallel, it might temporarily see an empty intersection, which results in * a seqlock check and retry before OOM or allocation failure. */ static void cpuset_change_task_nodemask(struct task_struct *tsk, nodemask_t *newmems) { task_lock(tsk); local_irq_disable(); write_seqcount_begin(&tsk->mems_allowed_seq); nodes_or(tsk->mems_allowed, tsk->mems_allowed, *newmems); mpol_rebind_task(tsk, newmems); tsk->mems_allowed = *newmems; write_seqcount_end(&tsk->mems_allowed_seq); local_irq_enable(); task_unlock(tsk); } static void *cpuset_being_rebound; /** * update_tasks_nodemask - Update the nodemasks of tasks in the cpuset. * @cs: the cpuset in which each task's mems_allowed mask needs to be changed * * Iterate through each task of @cs updating its mems_allowed to the * effective cpuset's. As this function is called with cpuset_mutex held, * cpuset membership stays stable. */ static void update_tasks_nodemask(struct cpuset *cs) { static nodemask_t newmems; /* protected by cpuset_mutex */ struct css_task_iter it; struct task_struct *task; cpuset_being_rebound = cs; /* causes mpol_dup() rebind */ guarantee_online_mems(cs, &newmems); /* * The mpol_rebind_mm() call takes mmap_lock, which we couldn't * take while holding tasklist_lock. Forks can happen - the * mpol_dup() cpuset_being_rebound check will catch such forks, * and rebind their vma mempolicies too. Because we still hold * the global cpuset_mutex, we know that no other rebind effort * will be contending for the global variable cpuset_being_rebound. * It's ok if we rebind the same mm twice; mpol_rebind_mm() * is idempotent. Also migrate pages in each mm to new nodes. */ css_task_iter_start(&cs->css, 0, &it); while ((task = css_task_iter_next(&it))) { struct mm_struct *mm; bool migrate; cpuset_change_task_nodemask(task, &newmems); mm = get_task_mm(task); if (!mm) continue; migrate = is_memory_migrate(cs); mpol_rebind_mm(mm, &cs->mems_allowed); if (migrate) cpuset_migrate_mm(mm, &cs->old_mems_allowed, &newmems); else mmput(mm); } css_task_iter_end(&it); /* * All the tasks' nodemasks have been updated, update * cs->old_mems_allowed. */ cs->old_mems_allowed = newmems; /* We're done rebinding vmas to this cpuset's new mems_allowed. */ cpuset_being_rebound = NULL; } /* * update_nodemasks_hier - Update effective nodemasks and tasks in the subtree * @cs: the cpuset to consider * @new_mems: a temp variable for calculating new effective_mems * * When configured nodemask is changed, the effective nodemasks of this cpuset * and all its descendants need to be updated. * * On legacy hiearchy, effective_mems will be the same with mems_allowed. * * Called with cpuset_mutex held */ static void update_nodemasks_hier(struct cpuset *cs, nodemask_t *new_mems) { struct cpuset *cp; struct cgroup_subsys_state *pos_css; rcu_read_lock(); cpuset_for_each_descendant_pre(cp, pos_css, cs) { struct cpuset *parent = parent_cs(cp); nodes_and(*new_mems, cp->mems_allowed, parent->effective_mems); /* * If it becomes empty, inherit the effective mask of the * parent, which is guaranteed to have some MEMs. */ if (is_in_v2_mode() && nodes_empty(*new_mems)) *new_mems = parent->effective_mems; /* Skip the whole subtree if the nodemask remains the same. */ if (nodes_equal(*new_mems, cp->effective_mems)) { pos_css = css_rightmost_descendant(pos_css); continue; } if (!css_tryget_online(&cp->css)) continue; rcu_read_unlock(); spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); cp->effective_mems = *new_mems; spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); WARN_ON(!is_in_v2_mode() && !nodes_equal(cp->mems_allowed, cp->effective_mems)); update_tasks_nodemask(cp); rcu_read_lock(); css_put(&cp->css); } rcu_read_unlock(); } /* * Handle user request to change the 'mems' memory placement * of a cpuset. Needs to validate the request, update the * cpusets mems_allowed, and for each task in the cpuset, * update mems_allowed and rebind task's mempolicy and any vma * mempolicies and if the cpuset is marked 'memory_migrate', * migrate the tasks pages to the new memory. * * Call with cpuset_mutex held. May take callback_lock during call. * Will take tasklist_lock, scan tasklist for tasks in cpuset cs, * lock each such tasks mm->mmap_lock, scan its vma's and rebind * their mempolicies to the cpusets new mems_allowed. */ static int update_nodemask(struct cpuset *cs, struct cpuset *trialcs, const char *buf) { int retval; /* * top_cpuset.mems_allowed tracks node_stats[N_MEMORY]; * it's read-only */ if (cs == &top_cpuset) { retval = -EACCES; goto done; } /* * An empty mems_allowed is ok iff there are no tasks in the cpuset. * Since nodelist_parse() fails on an empty mask, we special case * that parsing. The validate_change() call ensures that cpusets * with tasks have memory. */ if (!*buf) { nodes_clear(trialcs->mems_allowed); } else { retval = nodelist_parse(buf, trialcs->mems_allowed); if (retval < 0) goto done; if (!nodes_subset(trialcs->mems_allowed, top_cpuset.mems_allowed)) { retval = -EINVAL; goto done; } } if (nodes_equal(cs->mems_allowed, trialcs->mems_allowed)) { retval = 0; /* Too easy - nothing to do */ goto done; } retval = validate_change(cs, trialcs); if (retval < 0) goto done; spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); cs->mems_allowed = trialcs->mems_allowed; spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); /* use trialcs->mems_allowed as a temp variable */ update_nodemasks_hier(cs, &trialcs->mems_allowed); done: return retval; } bool current_cpuset_is_being_rebound(void) { bool ret; rcu_read_lock(); ret = task_cs(current) == cpuset_being_rebound; rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } static int update_relax_domain_level(struct cpuset *cs, s64 val) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP if (val < -1 || val >= sched_domain_level_max) return -EINVAL; #endif if (val != cs->relax_domain_level) { cs->relax_domain_level = val; if (!cpumask_empty(cs->cpus_allowed) && is_sched_load_balance(cs)) rebuild_sched_domains_locked(); } return 0; } /** * update_tasks_flags - update the spread flags of tasks in the cpuset. * @cs: the cpuset in which each task's spread flags needs to be changed * * Iterate through each task of @cs updating its spread flags. As this * function is called with cpuset_mutex held, cpuset membership stays * stable. */ static void update_tasks_flags(struct cpuset *cs) { struct css_task_iter it; struct task_struct *task; css_task_iter_start(&cs->css, 0, &it); while ((task = css_task_iter_next(&it))) cpuset_update_task_spread_flag(cs, task); css_task_iter_end(&it); } /* * update_flag - read a 0 or a 1 in a file and update associated flag * bit: the bit to update (see cpuset_flagbits_t) * cs: the cpuset to update * turning_on: whether the flag is being set or cleared * * Call with cpuset_mutex held. */ static int update_flag(cpuset_flagbits_t bit, struct cpuset *cs, int turning_on) { struct cpuset *trialcs; int balance_flag_changed; int spread_flag_changed; int err; trialcs = alloc_trial_cpuset(cs); if (!trialcs) return -ENOMEM; if (turning_on) set_bit(bit, &trialcs->flags); else clear_bit(bit, &trialcs->flags); err = validate_change(cs, trialcs); if (err < 0) goto out; balance_flag_changed = (is_sched_load_balance(cs) != is_sched_load_balance(trialcs)); spread_flag_changed = ((is_spread_slab(cs) != is_spread_slab(trialcs)) || (is_spread_page(cs) != is_spread_page(trialcs))); spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); cs->flags = trialcs->flags; spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); if (!cpumask_empty(trialcs->cpus_allowed) && balance_flag_changed) rebuild_sched_domains_locked(); if (spread_flag_changed) update_tasks_flags(cs); out: free_cpuset(trialcs); return err; } /* * update_prstate - update partititon_root_state * cs: the cpuset to update * new_prs: new partition root state * * Call with cpuset_mutex held. */ static int update_prstate(struct cpuset *cs, int new_prs) { int err, old_prs = cs->partition_root_state; struct cpuset *parent = parent_cs(cs); struct tmpmasks tmpmask; if (old_prs == new_prs) return 0; /* * Cannot force a partial or invalid partition root to a full * partition root. */ if (new_prs && (old_prs == PRS_ERROR)) return -EINVAL; if (alloc_cpumasks(NULL, &tmpmask)) return -ENOMEM; err = -EINVAL; if (!old_prs) { /* * Turning on partition root requires setting the * CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE bit implicitly as well and cpus_allowed * cannot be NULL. */ if (cpumask_empty(cs->cpus_allowed)) goto out; err = update_flag(CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE, cs, 1); if (err) goto out; err = update_parent_subparts_cpumask(cs, partcmd_enable, NULL, &tmpmask); if (err) { update_flag(CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE, cs, 0); goto out; } } else { /* * Turning off partition root will clear the * CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE bit. */ if (old_prs == PRS_ERROR) { update_flag(CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE, cs, 0); err = 0; goto out; } err = update_parent_subparts_cpumask(cs, partcmd_disable, NULL, &tmpmask); if (err) goto out; /* Turning off CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE will not return error */ update_flag(CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE, cs, 0); } /* * Update cpumask of parent's tasks except when it is the top * cpuset as some system daemons cannot be mapped to other CPUs. */ if (parent != &top_cpuset) update_tasks_cpumask(parent); if (parent->child_ecpus_count) update_sibling_cpumasks(parent, cs, &tmpmask); rebuild_sched_domains_locked(); out: if (!err) { spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); cs->partition_root_state = new_prs; spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); } free_cpumasks(NULL, &tmpmask); return err; } /* * Frequency meter - How fast is some event occurring? * * These routines manage a digitally filtered, constant time based, * event frequency meter. There are four routines: * fmeter_init() - initialize a frequency meter. * fmeter_markevent() - called each time the event happens. * fmeter_getrate() - returns the recent rate of such events. * fmeter_update() - internal routine used to update fmeter. * * A common data structure is passed to each of these routines, * which is used to keep track of the state required to manage the * frequency meter and its digital filter. * * The filter works on the number of events marked per unit time. * The filter is single-pole low-pass recursive (IIR). The time unit * is 1 second. Arithmetic is done using 32-bit integers scaled to * simulate 3 decimal digits of precision (multiplied by 1000). * * With an FM_COEF of 933, and a time base of 1 second, the filter * has a half-life of 10 seconds, meaning that if the events quit * happening, then the rate returned from the fmeter_getrate() * will be cut in half each 10 seconds, until it converges to zero. * * It is not worth doing a real infinitely recursive filter. If more * than FM_MAXTICKS ticks have elapsed since the last filter event, * just compute FM_MAXTICKS ticks worth, by which point the level * will be stable. * * Limit the count of unprocessed events to FM_MAXCNT, so as to avoid * arithmetic overflow in the fmeter_update() routine. * * Given the simple 32 bit integer arithmetic used, this meter works * best for reporting rates between one per millisecond (msec) and * one per 32 (approx) seconds. At constant rates faster than one * per msec it maxes out at values just under 1,000,000. At constant * rates between one per msec, and one per second it will stabilize * to a value N*1000, where N is the rate of events per second. * At constant rates between one per second and one per 32 seconds, * it will be choppy, moving up on the seconds that have an event, * and then decaying until the next event. At rates slower than * about one in 32 seconds, it decays all the way back to zero between * each event. */ #define FM_COEF 933 /* coefficient for half-life of 10 secs */ #define FM_MAXTICKS ((u32)99) /* useless computing more ticks than this */ #define FM_MAXCNT 1000000 /* limit cnt to avoid overflow */ #define FM_SCALE 1000 /* faux fixed point scale */ /* Initialize a frequency meter */ static void fmeter_init(struct fmeter *fmp) { fmp->cnt = 0; fmp->val = 0; fmp->time = 0; spin_lock_init(&fmp->lock); } /* Internal meter update - process cnt events and update value */ static void fmeter_update(struct fmeter *fmp) { time64_t now; u32 ticks; now = ktime_get_seconds(); ticks = now - fmp->time; if (ticks == 0) return; ticks = min(FM_MAXTICKS, ticks); while (ticks-- > 0) fmp->val = (FM_COEF * fmp->val) / FM_SCALE; fmp->time = now; fmp->val += ((FM_SCALE - FM_COEF) * fmp->cnt) / FM_SCALE; fmp->cnt = 0; } /* Process any previous ticks, then bump cnt by one (times scale). */ static void fmeter_markevent(struct fmeter *fmp) { spin_lock(&fmp->lock); fmeter_update(fmp); fmp->cnt = min(FM_MAXCNT, fmp->cnt + FM_SCALE); spin_unlock(&fmp->lock); } /* Process any previous ticks, then return current value. */ static int fmeter_getrate(struct fmeter *fmp) { int val; spin_lock(&fmp->lock); fmeter_update(fmp); val = fmp->val; spin_unlock(&fmp->lock); return val; } static struct cpuset *cpuset_attach_old_cs; /* Called by cgroups to determine if a cpuset is usable; cpuset_mutex held */ static int cpuset_can_attach(struct cgroup_taskset *tset) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *css; struct cpuset *cs; struct task_struct *task; int ret; /* used later by cpuset_attach() */ cpuset_attach_old_cs = task_cs(cgroup_taskset_first(tset, &css)); cs = css_cs(css); percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); /* allow moving tasks into an empty cpuset if on default hierarchy */ ret = -ENOSPC; if (!is_in_v2_mode() && (cpumask_empty(cs->cpus_allowed) || nodes_empty(cs->mems_allowed))) goto out_unlock; cgroup_taskset_for_each(task, css, tset) { ret = task_can_attach(task, cs->cpus_allowed); if (ret) goto out_unlock; ret = security_task_setscheduler(task); if (ret) goto out_unlock; } /* * Mark attach is in progress. This makes validate_change() fail * changes which zero cpus/mems_allowed. */ cs->attach_in_progress++; ret = 0; out_unlock: percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); return ret; } static void cpuset_cancel_attach(struct cgroup_taskset *tset) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *css; cgroup_taskset_first(tset, &css); percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); css_cs(css)->attach_in_progress--; percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); } /* * Protected by cpuset_mutex. cpus_attach is used only by cpuset_attach() * but we can't allocate it dynamically there. Define it global and * allocate from cpuset_init(). */ static cpumask_var_t cpus_attach; static void cpuset_attach(struct cgroup_taskset *tset) { /* static buf protected by cpuset_mutex */ static nodemask_t cpuset_attach_nodemask_to; struct task_struct *task; struct task_struct *leader; struct cgroup_subsys_state *css; struct cpuset *cs; struct cpuset *oldcs = cpuset_attach_old_cs; cgroup_taskset_first(tset, &css); cs = css_cs(css); percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); /* prepare for attach */ if (cs == &top_cpuset) cpumask_copy(cpus_attach, cpu_possible_mask); else guarantee_online_cpus(cs, cpus_attach); guarantee_online_mems(cs, &cpuset_attach_nodemask_to); cgroup_taskset_for_each(task, css, tset) { /* * can_attach beforehand should guarantee that this doesn't * fail. TODO: have a better way to handle failure here */ WARN_ON_ONCE(set_cpus_allowed_ptr(task, cpus_attach)); cpuset_change_task_nodemask(task, &cpuset_attach_nodemask_to); cpuset_update_task_spread_flag(cs, task); } /* * Change mm for all threadgroup leaders. This is expensive and may * sleep and should be moved outside migration path proper. */ cpuset_attach_nodemask_to = cs->effective_mems; cgroup_taskset_for_each_leader(leader, css, tset) { struct mm_struct *mm = get_task_mm(leader); if (mm) { mpol_rebind_mm(mm, &cpuset_attach_nodemask_to); /* * old_mems_allowed is the same with mems_allowed * here, except if this task is being moved * automatically due to hotplug. In that case * @mems_allowed has been updated and is empty, so * @old_mems_allowed is the right nodesets that we * migrate mm from. */ if (is_memory_migrate(cs)) cpuset_migrate_mm(mm, &oldcs->old_mems_allowed, &cpuset_attach_nodemask_to); else mmput(mm); } } cs->old_mems_allowed = cpuset_attach_nodemask_to; cs->attach_in_progress--; if (!cs->attach_in_progress) wake_up(&cpuset_attach_wq); percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); } /* The various types of files and directories in a cpuset file system */ typedef enum { FILE_MEMORY_MIGRATE, FILE_CPULIST, FILE_MEMLIST, FILE_EFFECTIVE_CPULIST, FILE_EFFECTIVE_MEMLIST, FILE_SUBPARTS_CPULIST, FILE_CPU_EXCLUSIVE, FILE_MEM_EXCLUSIVE, FILE_MEM_HARDWALL, FILE_SCHED_LOAD_BALANCE, FILE_PARTITION_ROOT, FILE_SCHED_RELAX_DOMAIN_LEVEL, FILE_MEMORY_PRESSURE_ENABLED, FILE_MEMORY_PRESSURE, FILE_SPREAD_PAGE, FILE_SPREAD_SLAB, } cpuset_filetype_t; static int cpuset_write_u64(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css, struct cftype *cft, u64 val) { struct cpuset *cs = css_cs(css); cpuset_filetype_t type = cft->private; int retval = 0; get_online_cpus(); percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); if (!is_cpuset_online(cs)) { retval = -ENODEV; goto out_unlock; } switch (type) { case FILE_CPU_EXCLUSIVE: retval = update_flag(CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE, cs, val); break; case FILE_MEM_EXCLUSIVE: retval = update_flag(CS_MEM_EXCLUSIVE, cs, val); break; case FILE_MEM_HARDWALL: retval = update_flag(CS_MEM_HARDWALL, cs, val); break; case FILE_SCHED_LOAD_BALANCE: retval = update_flag(CS_SCHED_LOAD_BALANCE, cs, val); break; case FILE_MEMORY_MIGRATE: retval = update_flag(CS_MEMORY_MIGRATE, cs, val); break; case FILE_MEMORY_PRESSURE_ENABLED: cpuset_memory_pressure_enabled = !!val; break; case FILE_SPREAD_PAGE: retval = update_flag(CS_SPREAD_PAGE, cs, val); break; case FILE_SPREAD_SLAB: retval = update_flag(CS_SPREAD_SLAB, cs, val); break; default: retval = -EINVAL; break; } out_unlock: percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); put_online_cpus(); return retval; } static int cpuset_write_s64(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css, struct cftype *cft, s64 val) { struct cpuset *cs = css_cs(css); cpuset_filetype_t type = cft->private; int retval = -ENODEV; get_online_cpus(); percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); if (!is_cpuset_online(cs)) goto out_unlock; switch (type) { case FILE_SCHED_RELAX_DOMAIN_LEVEL: retval = update_relax_domain_level(cs, val); break; default: retval = -EINVAL; break; } out_unlock: percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); put_online_cpus(); return retval; } /* * Common handling for a write to a "cpus" or "mems" file. */ static ssize_t cpuset_write_resmask(struct kernfs_open_file *of, char *buf, size_t nbytes, loff_t off) { struct cpuset *cs = css_cs(of_css(of)); struct cpuset *trialcs; int retval = -ENODEV; buf = strstrip(buf); /* * CPU or memory hotunplug may leave @cs w/o any execution * resources, in which case the hotplug code asynchronously updates * configuration and transfers all tasks to the nearest ancestor * which can execute. * * As writes to "cpus" or "mems" may restore @cs's execution * resources, wait for the previously scheduled operations before * proceeding, so that we don't end up keep removing tasks added * after execution capability is restored. * * cpuset_hotplug_work calls back into cgroup core via * cgroup_transfer_tasks() and waiting for it from a cgroupfs * operation like this one can lead to a deadlock through kernfs * active_ref protection. Let's break the protection. Losing the * protection is okay as we check whether @cs is online after * grabbing cpuset_mutex anyway. This only happens on the legacy * hierarchies. */ css_get(&cs->css); kernfs_break_active_protection(of->kn); flush_work(&cpuset_hotplug_work); get_online_cpus(); percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); if (!is_cpuset_online(cs)) goto out_unlock; trialcs = alloc_trial_cpuset(cs); if (!trialcs) { retval = -ENOMEM; goto out_unlock; } switch (of_cft(of)->private) { case FILE_CPULIST: retval = update_cpumask(cs, trialcs, buf); break; case FILE_MEMLIST: retval = update_nodemask(cs, trialcs, buf); break; default: retval = -EINVAL; break; } free_cpuset(trialcs); out_unlock: percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); put_online_cpus(); kernfs_unbreak_active_protection(of->kn); css_put(&cs->css); flush_workqueue(cpuset_migrate_mm_wq); return retval ?: nbytes; } /* * These ascii lists should be read in a single call, by using a user * buffer large enough to hold the entire map. If read in smaller * chunks, there is no guarantee of atomicity. Since the display format * used, list of ranges of sequential numbers, is variable length, * and since these maps can change value dynamically, one could read * gibberish by doing partial reads while a list was changing. */ static int cpuset_common_seq_show(struct seq_file *sf, void *v) { struct cpuset *cs = css_cs(seq_css(sf)); cpuset_filetype_t type = seq_cft(sf)->private; int ret = 0; spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); switch (type) { case FILE_CPULIST: seq_printf(sf, "%*pbl\n", cpumask_pr_args(cs->cpus_allowed)); break; case FILE_MEMLIST: seq_printf(sf, "%*pbl\n", nodemask_pr_args(&cs->mems_allowed)); break; case FILE_EFFECTIVE_CPULIST: seq_printf(sf, "%*pbl\n", cpumask_pr_args(cs->effective_cpus)); break; case FILE_EFFECTIVE_MEMLIST: seq_printf(sf, "%*pbl\n", nodemask_pr_args(&cs->effective_mems)); break; case FILE_SUBPARTS_CPULIST: seq_printf(sf, "%*pbl\n", cpumask_pr_args(cs->subparts_cpus)); break; default: ret = -EINVAL; } spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); return ret; } static u64 cpuset_read_u64(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css, struct cftype *cft) { struct cpuset *cs = css_cs(css); cpuset_filetype_t type = cft->private; switch (type) { case FILE_CPU_EXCLUSIVE: return is_cpu_exclusive(cs); case FILE_MEM_EXCLUSIVE: return is_mem_exclusive(cs); case FILE_MEM_HARDWALL: return is_mem_hardwall(cs); case FILE_SCHED_LOAD_BALANCE: return is_sched_load_balance(cs); case FILE_MEMORY_MIGRATE: return is_memory_migrate(cs); case FILE_MEMORY_PRESSURE_ENABLED: return cpuset_memory_pressure_enabled; case FILE_MEMORY_PRESSURE: return fmeter_getrate(&cs->fmeter); case FILE_SPREAD_PAGE: return is_spread_page(cs); case FILE_SPREAD_SLAB: return is_spread_slab(cs); default: BUG(); } /* Unreachable but makes gcc happy */ return 0; } static s64 cpuset_read_s64(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css, struct cftype *cft) { struct cpuset *cs = css_cs(css); cpuset_filetype_t type = cft->private; switch (type) { case FILE_SCHED_RELAX_DOMAIN_LEVEL: return cs->relax_domain_level; default: BUG(); } /* Unrechable but makes gcc happy */ return 0; } static int sched_partition_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { struct cpuset *cs = css_cs(seq_css(seq)); switch (cs->partition_root_state) { case PRS_ENABLED: seq_puts(seq, "root\n"); break; case PRS_DISABLED: seq_puts(seq, "member\n"); break; case PRS_ERROR: seq_puts(seq, "root invalid\n"); break; } return 0; } static ssize_t sched_partition_write(struct kernfs_open_file *of, char *buf, size_t nbytes, loff_t off) { struct cpuset *cs = css_cs(of_css(of)); int val; int retval = -ENODEV; buf = strstrip(buf); /* * Convert "root" to ENABLED, and convert "member" to DISABLED. */ if (!strcmp(buf, "root")) val = PRS_ENABLED; else if (!strcmp(buf, "member")) val = PRS_DISABLED; else return -EINVAL; css_get(&cs->css); get_online_cpus(); percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); if (!is_cpuset_online(cs)) goto out_unlock; retval = update_prstate(cs, val); out_unlock: percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); put_online_cpus(); css_put(&cs->css); return retval ?: nbytes; } /* * for the common functions, 'private' gives the type of file */ static struct cftype legacy_files[] = { { .name = "cpus", .seq_show = cpuset_common_seq_show, .write = cpuset_write_resmask, .max_write_len = (100U + 6 * NR_CPUS), .private = FILE_CPULIST, }, { .name = "mems", .seq_show = cpuset_common_seq_show, .write = cpuset_write_resmask, .max_write_len = (100U + 6 * MAX_NUMNODES), .private = FILE_MEMLIST, }, { .name = "effective_cpus", .seq_show = cpuset_common_seq_show, .private = FILE_EFFECTIVE_CPULIST, }, { .name = "effective_mems", .seq_show = cpuset_common_seq_show, .private = FILE_EFFECTIVE_MEMLIST, }, { .name = "cpu_exclusive", .read_u64 = cpuset_read_u64, .write_u64 = cpuset_write_u64, .private = FILE_CPU_EXCLUSIVE, }, { .name = "mem_exclusive", .read_u64 = cpuset_read_u64, .write_u64 = cpuset_write_u64, .private = FILE_MEM_EXCLUSIVE, }, { .name = "mem_hardwall", .read_u64 = cpuset_read_u64, .write_u64 = cpuset_write_u64, .private = FILE_MEM_HARDWALL, }, { .name = "sched_load_balance", .read_u64 = cpuset_read_u64, .write_u64 = cpuset_write_u64, .private = FILE_SCHED_LOAD_BALANCE, }, { .name = "sched_relax_domain_level", .read_s64 = cpuset_read_s64, .write_s64 = cpuset_write_s64, .private = FILE_SCHED_RELAX_DOMAIN_LEVEL, }, { .name = "memory_migrate", .read_u64 = cpuset_read_u64, .write_u64 = cpuset_write_u64, .private = FILE_MEMORY_MIGRATE, }, { .name = "memory_pressure", .read_u64 = cpuset_read_u64, .private = FILE_MEMORY_PRESSURE, }, { .name = "memory_spread_page", .read_u64 = cpuset_read_u64, .write_u64 = cpuset_write_u64, .private = FILE_SPREAD_PAGE, }, { .name = "memory_spread_slab", .read_u64 = cpuset_read_u64, .write_u64 = cpuset_write_u64, .private = FILE_SPREAD_SLAB, }, { .name = "memory_pressure_enabled", .flags = CFTYPE_ONLY_ON_ROOT, .read_u64 = cpuset_read_u64, .write_u64 = cpuset_write_u64, .private = FILE_MEMORY_PRESSURE_ENABLED, }, { } /* terminate */ }; /* * This is currently a minimal set for the default hierarchy. It can be * expanded later on by migrating more features and control files from v1. */ static struct cftype dfl_files[] = { { .name = "cpus", .seq_show = cpuset_common_seq_show, .write = cpuset_write_resmask, .max_write_len = (100U + 6 * NR_CPUS), .private = FILE_CPULIST, .flags = CFTYPE_NOT_ON_ROOT, }, { .name = "mems", .seq_show = cpuset_common_seq_show, .write = cpuset_write_resmask, .max_write_len = (100U + 6 * MAX_NUMNODES), .private = FILE_MEMLIST, .flags = CFTYPE_NOT_ON_ROOT, }, { .name = "cpus.effective", .seq_show = cpuset_common_seq_show, .private = FILE_EFFECTIVE_CPULIST, }, { .name = "mems.effective", .seq_show = cpuset_common_seq_show, .private = FILE_EFFECTIVE_MEMLIST, }, { .name = "cpus.partition", .seq_show = sched_partition_show, .write = sched_partition_write, .private = FILE_PARTITION_ROOT, .flags = CFTYPE_NOT_ON_ROOT, }, { .name = "cpus.subpartitions", .seq_show = cpuset_common_seq_show, .private = FILE_SUBPARTS_CPULIST, .flags = CFTYPE_DEBUG, }, { } /* terminate */ }; /* * cpuset_css_alloc - allocate a cpuset css * cgrp: control group that the new cpuset will be part of */ static struct cgroup_subsys_state * cpuset_css_alloc(struct cgroup_subsys_state *parent_css) { struct cpuset *cs; if (!parent_css) return &top_cpuset.css; cs = kzalloc(sizeof(*cs), GFP_KERNEL); if (!cs) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (alloc_cpumasks(cs, NULL)) { kfree(cs); return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); } set_bit(CS_SCHED_LOAD_BALANCE, &cs->flags); nodes_clear(cs->mems_allowed); nodes_clear(cs->effective_mems); fmeter_init(&cs->fmeter); cs->relax_domain_level = -1; return &cs->css; } static int cpuset_css_online(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css) { struct cpuset *cs = css_cs(css); struct cpuset *parent = parent_cs(cs); struct cpuset *tmp_cs; struct cgroup_subsys_state *pos_css; if (!parent) return 0; get_online_cpus(); percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); set_bit(CS_ONLINE, &cs->flags); if (is_spread_page(parent)) set_bit(CS_SPREAD_PAGE, &cs->flags); if (is_spread_slab(parent)) set_bit(CS_SPREAD_SLAB, &cs->flags); cpuset_inc(); spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); if (is_in_v2_mode()) { cpumask_copy(cs->effective_cpus, parent->effective_cpus); cs->effective_mems = parent->effective_mems; cs->use_parent_ecpus = true; parent->child_ecpus_count++; } spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); if (!test_bit(CGRP_CPUSET_CLONE_CHILDREN, &css->cgroup->flags)) goto out_unlock; /* * Clone @parent's configuration if CGRP_CPUSET_CLONE_CHILDREN is * set. This flag handling is implemented in cgroup core for * histrical reasons - the flag may be specified during mount. * * Currently, if any sibling cpusets have exclusive cpus or mem, we * refuse to clone the configuration - thereby refusing the task to * be entered, and as a result refusing the sys_unshare() or * clone() which initiated it. If this becomes a problem for some * users who wish to allow that scenario, then this could be * changed to grant parent->cpus_allowed-sibling_cpus_exclusive * (and likewise for mems) to the new cgroup. */ rcu_read_lock(); cpuset_for_each_child(tmp_cs, pos_css, parent) { if (is_mem_exclusive(tmp_cs) || is_cpu_exclusive(tmp_cs)) { rcu_read_unlock(); goto out_unlock; } } rcu_read_unlock(); spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); cs->mems_allowed = parent->mems_allowed; cs->effective_mems = parent->mems_allowed; cpumask_copy(cs->cpus_allowed, parent->cpus_allowed); cpumask_copy(cs->effective_cpus, parent->cpus_allowed); spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); out_unlock: percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); put_online_cpus(); return 0; } /* * If the cpuset being removed has its flag 'sched_load_balance' * enabled, then simulate turning sched_load_balance off, which * will call rebuild_sched_domains_locked(). That is not needed * in the default hierarchy where only changes in partition * will cause repartitioning. * * If the cpuset has the 'sched.partition' flag enabled, simulate * turning 'sched.partition" off. */ static void cpuset_css_offline(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css) { struct cpuset *cs = css_cs(css); get_online_cpus(); percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); if (is_partition_root(cs)) update_prstate(cs, 0); if (!cgroup_subsys_on_dfl(cpuset_cgrp_subsys) && is_sched_load_balance(cs)) update_flag(CS_SCHED_LOAD_BALANCE, cs, 0); if (cs->use_parent_ecpus) { struct cpuset *parent = parent_cs(cs); cs->use_parent_ecpus = false; parent->child_ecpus_count--; } cpuset_dec(); clear_bit(CS_ONLINE, &cs->flags); percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); put_online_cpus(); } static void cpuset_css_free(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css) { struct cpuset *cs = css_cs(css); free_cpuset(cs); } static void cpuset_bind(struct cgroup_subsys_state *root_css) { percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); if (is_in_v2_mode()) { cpumask_copy(top_cpuset.cpus_allowed, cpu_possible_mask); top_cpuset.mems_allowed = node_possible_map; } else { cpumask_copy(top_cpuset.cpus_allowed, top_cpuset.effective_cpus); top_cpuset.mems_allowed = top_cpuset.effective_mems; } spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); } /* * Make sure the new task conform to the current state of its parent, * which could have been changed by cpuset just after it inherits the * state from the parent and before it sits on the cgroup's task list. */ static void cpuset_fork(struct task_struct *task) { if (task_css_is_root(task, cpuset_cgrp_id)) return; set_cpus_allowed_ptr(task, current->cpus_ptr); task->mems_allowed = current->mems_allowed; } struct cgroup_subsys cpuset_cgrp_subsys = { .css_alloc = cpuset_css_alloc, .css_online = cpuset_css_online, .css_offline = cpuset_css_offline, .css_free = cpuset_css_free, .can_attach = cpuset_can_attach, .cancel_attach = cpuset_cancel_attach, .attach = cpuset_attach, .post_attach = cpuset_post_attach, .bind = cpuset_bind, .fork = cpuset_fork, .legacy_cftypes = legacy_files, .dfl_cftypes = dfl_files, .early_init = true, .threaded = true, }; /** * cpuset_init - initialize cpusets at system boot * * Description: Initialize top_cpuset **/ int __init cpuset_init(void) { BUG_ON(percpu_init_rwsem(&cpuset_rwsem)); BUG_ON(!alloc_cpumask_var(&top_cpuset.cpus_allowed, GFP_KERNEL)); BUG_ON(!alloc_cpumask_var(&top_cpuset.effective_cpus, GFP_KERNEL)); BUG_ON(!zalloc_cpumask_var(&top_cpuset.subparts_cpus, GFP_KERNEL)); cpumask_setall(top_cpuset.cpus_allowed); nodes_setall(top_cpuset.mems_allowed); cpumask_setall(top_cpuset.effective_cpus); nodes_setall(top_cpuset.effective_mems); fmeter_init(&top_cpuset.fmeter); set_bit(CS_SCHED_LOAD_BALANCE, &top_cpuset.flags); top_cpuset.relax_domain_level = -1; BUG_ON(!alloc_cpumask_var(&cpus_attach, GFP_KERNEL)); return 0; } /* * If CPU and/or memory hotplug handlers, below, unplug any CPUs * or memory nodes, we need to walk over the cpuset hierarchy, * removing that CPU or node from all cpusets. If this removes the * last CPU or node from a cpuset, then move the tasks in the empty * cpuset to its next-highest non-empty parent. */ static void remove_tasks_in_empty_cpuset(struct cpuset *cs) { struct cpuset *parent; /* * Find its next-highest non-empty parent, (top cpuset * has online cpus, so can't be empty). */ parent = parent_cs(cs); while (cpumask_empty(parent->cpus_allowed) || nodes_empty(parent->mems_allowed)) parent = parent_cs(parent); if (cgroup_transfer_tasks(parent->css.cgroup, cs->css.cgroup)) { pr_err("cpuset: failed to transfer tasks out of empty cpuset "); pr_cont_cgroup_name(cs->css.cgroup); pr_cont("\n"); } } static void hotplug_update_tasks_legacy(struct cpuset *cs, struct cpumask *new_cpus, nodemask_t *new_mems, bool cpus_updated, bool mems_updated) { bool is_empty; spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); cpumask_copy(cs->cpus_allowed, new_cpus); cpumask_copy(cs->effective_cpus, new_cpus); cs->mems_allowed = *new_mems; cs->effective_mems = *new_mems; spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); /* * Don't call update_tasks_cpumask() if the cpuset becomes empty, * as the tasks will be migratecd to an ancestor. */ if (cpus_updated && !cpumask_empty(cs->cpus_allowed)) update_tasks_cpumask(cs); if (mems_updated && !nodes_empty(cs->mems_allowed)) update_tasks_nodemask(cs); is_empty = cpumask_empty(cs->cpus_allowed) || nodes_empty(cs->mems_allowed); percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); /* * Move tasks to the nearest ancestor with execution resources, * This is full cgroup operation which will also call back into * cpuset. Should be done outside any lock. */ if (is_empty) remove_tasks_in_empty_cpuset(cs); percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); } static void hotplug_update_tasks(struct cpuset *cs, struct cpumask *new_cpus, nodemask_t *new_mems, bool cpus_updated, bool mems_updated) { if (cpumask_empty(new_cpus)) cpumask_copy(new_cpus, parent_cs(cs)->effective_cpus); if (nodes_empty(*new_mems)) *new_mems = parent_cs(cs)->effective_mems; spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); cpumask_copy(cs->effective_cpus, new_cpus); cs->effective_mems = *new_mems; spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); if (cpus_updated) update_tasks_cpumask(cs); if (mems_updated) update_tasks_nodemask(cs); } static bool force_rebuild; void cpuset_force_rebuild(void) { force_rebuild = true; } /** * cpuset_hotplug_update_tasks - update tasks in a cpuset for hotunplug * @cs: cpuset in interest * @tmp: the tmpmasks structure pointer * * Compare @cs's cpu and mem masks against top_cpuset and if some have gone * offline, update @cs accordingly. If @cs ends up with no CPU or memory, * all its tasks are moved to the nearest ancestor with both resources. */ static void cpuset_hotplug_update_tasks(struct cpuset *cs, struct tmpmasks *tmp) { static cpumask_t new_cpus; static nodemask_t new_mems; bool cpus_updated; bool mems_updated; struct cpuset *parent; retry: wait_event(cpuset_attach_wq, cs->attach_in_progress == 0); percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); /* * We have raced with task attaching. We wait until attaching * is finished, so we won't attach a task to an empty cpuset. */ if (cs->attach_in_progress) { percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); goto retry; } parent = parent_cs(cs); compute_effective_cpumask(&new_cpus, cs, parent); nodes_and(new_mems, cs->mems_allowed, parent->effective_mems); if (cs->nr_subparts_cpus) /* * Make sure that CPUs allocated to child partitions * do not show up in effective_cpus. */ cpumask_andnot(&new_cpus, &new_cpus, cs->subparts_cpus); if (!tmp || !cs->partition_root_state) goto update_tasks; /* * In the unlikely event that a partition root has empty * effective_cpus or its parent becomes erroneous, we have to * transition it to the erroneous state. */ if (is_partition_root(cs) && (cpumask_empty(&new_cpus) || (parent->partition_root_state == PRS_ERROR))) { if (cs->nr_subparts_cpus) { spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); cs->nr_subparts_cpus = 0; cpumask_clear(cs->subparts_cpus); spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); compute_effective_cpumask(&new_cpus, cs, parent); } /* * If the effective_cpus is empty because the child * partitions take away all the CPUs, we can keep * the current partition and let the child partitions * fight for available CPUs. */ if ((parent->partition_root_state == PRS_ERROR) || cpumask_empty(&new_cpus)) { update_parent_subparts_cpumask(cs, partcmd_disable, NULL, tmp); spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); cs->partition_root_state = PRS_ERROR; spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); } cpuset_force_rebuild(); } /* * On the other hand, an erroneous partition root may be transitioned * back to a regular one or a partition root with no CPU allocated * from the parent may change to erroneous. */ if (is_partition_root(parent) && ((cs->partition_root_state == PRS_ERROR) || !cpumask_intersects(&new_cpus, parent->subparts_cpus)) && update_parent_subparts_cpumask(cs, partcmd_update, NULL, tmp)) cpuset_force_rebuild(); update_tasks: cpus_updated = !cpumask_equal(&new_cpus, cs->effective_cpus); mems_updated = !nodes_equal(new_mems, cs->effective_mems); if (is_in_v2_mode()) hotplug_update_tasks(cs, &new_cpus, &new_mems, cpus_updated, mems_updated); else hotplug_update_tasks_legacy(cs, &new_cpus, &new_mems, cpus_updated, mems_updated); percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); } /** * cpuset_hotplug_workfn - handle CPU/memory hotunplug for a cpuset * * This function is called after either CPU or memory configuration has * changed and updates cpuset accordingly. The top_cpuset is always * synchronized to cpu_active_mask and N_MEMORY, which is necessary in * order to make cpusets transparent (of no affect) on systems that are * actively using CPU hotplug but making no active use of cpusets. * * Non-root cpusets are only affected by offlining. If any CPUs or memory * nodes have been taken down, cpuset_hotplug_update_tasks() is invoked on * all descendants. * * Note that CPU offlining during suspend is ignored. We don't modify * cpusets across suspend/resume cycles at all. */ static void cpuset_hotplug_workfn(struct work_struct *work) { static cpumask_t new_cpus; static nodemask_t new_mems; bool cpus_updated, mems_updated; bool on_dfl = is_in_v2_mode(); struct tmpmasks tmp, *ptmp = NULL; if (on_dfl && !alloc_cpumasks(NULL, &tmp)) ptmp = &tmp; percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); /* fetch the available cpus/mems and find out which changed how */ cpumask_copy(&new_cpus, cpu_active_mask); new_mems = node_states[N_MEMORY]; /* * If subparts_cpus is populated, it is likely that the check below * will produce a false positive on cpus_updated when the cpu list * isn't changed. It is extra work, but it is better to be safe. */ cpus_updated = !cpumask_equal(top_cpuset.effective_cpus, &new_cpus); mems_updated = !nodes_equal(top_cpuset.effective_mems, new_mems); /* * In the rare case that hotplug removes all the cpus in subparts_cpus, * we assumed that cpus are updated. */ if (!cpus_updated && top_cpuset.nr_subparts_cpus) cpus_updated = true; /* synchronize cpus_allowed to cpu_active_mask */ if (cpus_updated) { spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); if (!on_dfl) cpumask_copy(top_cpuset.cpus_allowed, &new_cpus); /* * Make sure that CPUs allocated to child partitions * do not show up in effective_cpus. If no CPU is left, * we clear the subparts_cpus & let the child partitions * fight for the CPUs again. */ if (top_cpuset.nr_subparts_cpus) { if (cpumask_subset(&new_cpus, top_cpuset.subparts_cpus)) { top_cpuset.nr_subparts_cpus = 0; cpumask_clear(top_cpuset.subparts_cpus); } else { cpumask_andnot(&new_cpus, &new_cpus, top_cpuset.subparts_cpus); } } cpumask_copy(top_cpuset.effective_cpus, &new_cpus); spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); /* we don't mess with cpumasks of tasks in top_cpuset */ } /* synchronize mems_allowed to N_MEMORY */ if (mems_updated) { spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); if (!on_dfl) top_cpuset.mems_allowed = new_mems; top_cpuset.effective_mems = new_mems; spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); update_tasks_nodemask(&top_cpuset); } percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); /* if cpus or mems changed, we need to propagate to descendants */ if (cpus_updated || mems_updated) { struct cpuset *cs; struct cgroup_subsys_state *pos_css; rcu_read_lock(); cpuset_for_each_descendant_pre(cs, pos_css, &top_cpuset) { if (cs == &top_cpuset || !css_tryget_online(&cs->css)) continue; rcu_read_unlock(); cpuset_hotplug_update_tasks(cs, ptmp); rcu_read_lock(); css_put(&cs->css); } rcu_read_unlock(); } /* rebuild sched domains if cpus_allowed has changed */ if (cpus_updated || force_rebuild) { force_rebuild = false; rebuild_sched_domains(); } free_cpumasks(NULL, ptmp); } void cpuset_update_active_cpus(void) { /* * We're inside cpu hotplug critical region which usually nests * inside cgroup synchronization. Bounce actual hotplug processing * to a work item to avoid reverse locking order. */ schedule_work(&cpuset_hotplug_work); } void cpuset_wait_for_hotplug(void) { flush_work(&cpuset_hotplug_work); } /* * Keep top_cpuset.mems_allowed tracking node_states[N_MEMORY]. * Call this routine anytime after node_states[N_MEMORY] changes. * See cpuset_update_active_cpus() for CPU hotplug handling. */ static int cpuset_track_online_nodes(struct notifier_block *self, unsigned long action, void *arg) { schedule_work(&cpuset_hotplug_work); return NOTIFY_OK; } static struct notifier_block cpuset_track_online_nodes_nb = { .notifier_call = cpuset_track_online_nodes, .priority = 10, /* ??! */ }; /** * cpuset_init_smp - initialize cpus_allowed * * Description: Finish top cpuset after cpu, node maps are initialized */ void __init cpuset_init_smp(void) { cpumask_copy(top_cpuset.cpus_allowed, cpu_active_mask); top_cpuset.mems_allowed = node_states[N_MEMORY]; top_cpuset.old_mems_allowed = top_cpuset.mems_allowed; cpumask_copy(top_cpuset.effective_cpus, cpu_active_mask); top_cpuset.effective_mems = node_states[N_MEMORY]; register_hotmemory_notifier(&cpuset_track_online_nodes_nb); cpuset_migrate_mm_wq = alloc_ordered_workqueue("cpuset_migrate_mm", 0); BUG_ON(!cpuset_migrate_mm_wq); } /** * cpuset_cpus_allowed - return cpus_allowed mask from a tasks cpuset. * @tsk: pointer to task_struct from which to obtain cpuset->cpus_allowed. * @pmask: pointer to struct cpumask variable to receive cpus_allowed set. * * Description: Returns the cpumask_var_t cpus_allowed of the cpuset * attached to the specified @tsk. Guaranteed to return some non-empty * subset of cpu_online_mask, even if this means going outside the * tasks cpuset. **/ void cpuset_cpus_allowed(struct task_struct *tsk, struct cpumask *pmask) { unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&callback_lock, flags); rcu_read_lock(); guarantee_online_cpus(task_cs(tsk), pmask); rcu_read_unlock(); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&callback_lock, flags); } /** * cpuset_cpus_allowed_fallback - final fallback before complete catastrophe. * @tsk: pointer to task_struct with which the scheduler is struggling * * Description: In the case that the scheduler cannot find an allowed cpu in * tsk->cpus_allowed, we fall back to task_cs(tsk)->cpus_allowed. In legacy * mode however, this value is the same as task_cs(tsk)->effective_cpus, * which will not contain a sane cpumask during cases such as cpu hotplugging. * This is the absolute last resort for the scheduler and it is only used if * _every_ other avenue has been traveled. **/ void cpuset_cpus_allowed_fallback(struct task_struct *tsk) { rcu_read_lock(); do_set_cpus_allowed(tsk, is_in_v2_mode() ? task_cs(tsk)->cpus_allowed : cpu_possible_mask); rcu_read_unlock(); /* * We own tsk->cpus_allowed, nobody can change it under us. * * But we used cs && cs->cpus_allowed lockless and thus can * race with cgroup_attach_task() or update_cpumask() and get * the wrong tsk->cpus_allowed. However, both cases imply the * subsequent cpuset_change_cpumask()->set_cpus_allowed_ptr() * which takes task_rq_lock(). * * If we are called after it dropped the lock we must see all * changes in tsk_cs()->cpus_allowed. Otherwise we can temporary * set any mask even if it is not right from task_cs() pov, * the pending set_cpus_allowed_ptr() will fix things. * * select_fallback_rq() will fix things ups and set cpu_possible_mask * if required. */ } void __init cpuset_init_current_mems_allowed(void) { nodes_setall(current->mems_allowed); } /** * cpuset_mems_allowed - return mems_allowed mask from a tasks cpuset. * @tsk: pointer to task_struct from which to obtain cpuset->mems_allowed. * * Description: Returns the nodemask_t mems_allowed of the cpuset * attached to the specified @tsk. Guaranteed to return some non-empty * subset of node_states[N_MEMORY], even if this means going outside the * tasks cpuset. **/ nodemask_t cpuset_mems_allowed(struct task_struct *tsk) { nodemask_t mask; unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&callback_lock, flags); rcu_read_lock(); guarantee_online_mems(task_cs(tsk), &mask); rcu_read_unlock(); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&callback_lock, flags); return mask; } /** * cpuset_nodemask_valid_mems_allowed - check nodemask vs. curremt mems_allowed * @nodemask: the nodemask to be checked * * Are any of the nodes in the nodemask allowed in current->mems_allowed? */ int cpuset_nodemask_valid_mems_allowed(nodemask_t *nodemask) { return nodes_intersects(*nodemask, current->mems_allowed); } /* * nearest_hardwall_ancestor() - Returns the nearest mem_exclusive or * mem_hardwall ancestor to the specified cpuset. Call holding * callback_lock. If no ancestor is mem_exclusive or mem_hardwall * (an unusual configuration), then returns the root cpuset. */ static struct cpuset *nearest_hardwall_ancestor(struct cpuset *cs) { while (!(is_mem_exclusive(cs) || is_mem_hardwall(cs)) && parent_cs(cs)) cs = parent_cs(cs); return cs; } /** * cpuset_node_allowed - Can we allocate on a memory node? * @node: is this an allowed node? * @gfp_mask: memory allocation flags * * If we're in interrupt, yes, we can always allocate. If @node is set in * current's mems_allowed, yes. If it's not a __GFP_HARDWALL request and this * node is set in the nearest hardwalled cpuset ancestor to current's cpuset, * yes. If current has access to memory reserves as an oom victim, yes. * Otherwise, no. * * GFP_USER allocations are marked with the __GFP_HARDWALL bit, * and do not allow allocations outside the current tasks cpuset * unless the task has been OOM killed. * GFP_KERNEL allocations are not so marked, so can escape to the * nearest enclosing hardwalled ancestor cpuset. * * Scanning up parent cpusets requires callback_lock. The * __alloc_pages() routine only calls here with __GFP_HARDWALL bit * _not_ set if it's a GFP_KERNEL allocation, and all nodes in the * current tasks mems_allowed came up empty on the first pass over * the zonelist. So only GFP_KERNEL allocations, if all nodes in the * cpuset are short of memory, might require taking the callback_lock. * * The first call here from mm/page_alloc:get_page_from_freelist() * has __GFP_HARDWALL set in gfp_mask, enforcing hardwall cpusets, * so no allocation on a node outside the cpuset is allowed (unless * in interrupt, of course). * * The second pass through get_page_from_freelist() doesn't even call * here for GFP_ATOMIC calls. For those calls, the __alloc_pages() * variable 'wait' is not set, and the bit ALLOC_CPUSET is not set * in alloc_flags. That logic and the checks below have the combined * affect that: * in_interrupt - any node ok (current task context irrelevant) * GFP_ATOMIC - any node ok * tsk_is_oom_victim - any node ok * GFP_KERNEL - any node in enclosing hardwalled cpuset ok * GFP_USER - only nodes in current tasks mems allowed ok. */ bool __cpuset_node_allowed(int node, gfp_t gfp_mask) { struct cpuset *cs; /* current cpuset ancestors */ int allowed; /* is allocation in zone z allowed? */ unsigned long flags; if (in_interrupt()) return true; if (node_isset(node, current->mems_allowed)) return true; /* * Allow tasks that have access to memory reserves because they have * been OOM killed to get memory anywhere. */ if (unlikely(tsk_is_oom_victim(current))) return true; if (gfp_mask & __GFP_HARDWALL) /* If hardwall request, stop here */ return false; if (current->flags & PF_EXITING) /* Let dying task have memory */ return true; /* Not hardwall and node outside mems_allowed: scan up cpusets */ spin_lock_irqsave(&callback_lock, flags); rcu_read_lock(); cs = nearest_hardwall_ancestor(task_cs(current)); allowed = node_isset(node, cs->mems_allowed); rcu_read_unlock(); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&callback_lock, flags); return allowed; } /** * cpuset_mem_spread_node() - On which node to begin search for a file page * cpuset_slab_spread_node() - On which node to begin search for a slab page * * If a task is marked PF_SPREAD_PAGE or PF_SPREAD_SLAB (as for * tasks in a cpuset with is_spread_page or is_spread_slab set), * and if the memory allocation used cpuset_mem_spread_node() * to determine on which node to start looking, as it will for * certain page cache or slab cache pages such as used for file * system buffers and inode caches, then instead of starting on the * local node to look for a free page, rather spread the starting * node around the tasks mems_allowed nodes. * * We don't have to worry about the returned node being offline * because "it can't happen", and even if it did, it would be ok. * * The routines calling guarantee_online_mems() are careful to * only set nodes in task->mems_allowed that are online. So it * should not be possible for the following code to return an * offline node. But if it did, that would be ok, as this routine * is not returning the node where the allocation must be, only * the node where the search should start. The zonelist passed to * __alloc_pages() will include all nodes. If the slab allocator * is passed an offline node, it will fall back to the local node. * See kmem_cache_alloc_node(). */ static int cpuset_spread_node(int *rotor) { return *rotor = next_node_in(*rotor, current->mems_allowed); } int cpuset_mem_spread_node(void) { if (current->cpuset_mem_spread_rotor == NUMA_NO_NODE) current->cpuset_mem_spread_rotor = node_random(&current->mems_allowed); return cpuset_spread_node(&current->cpuset_mem_spread_rotor); } int cpuset_slab_spread_node(void) { if (current->cpuset_slab_spread_rotor == NUMA_NO_NODE) current->cpuset_slab_spread_rotor = node_random(&current->mems_allowed); return cpuset_spread_node(&current->cpuset_slab_spread_rotor); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(cpuset_mem_spread_node); /** * cpuset_mems_allowed_intersects - Does @tsk1's mems_allowed intersect @tsk2's? * @tsk1: pointer to task_struct of some task. * @tsk2: pointer to task_struct of some other task. * * Description: Return true if @tsk1's mems_allowed intersects the * mems_allowed of @tsk2. Used by the OOM killer to determine if * one of the task's memory usage might impact the memory available * to the other. **/ int cpuset_mems_allowed_intersects(const struct task_struct *tsk1, const struct task_struct *tsk2) { return nodes_intersects(tsk1->mems_allowed, tsk2->mems_allowed); } /** * cpuset_print_current_mems_allowed - prints current's cpuset and mems_allowed * * Description: Prints current's name, cpuset name, and cached copy of its * mems_allowed to the kernel log. */ void cpuset_print_current_mems_allowed(void) { struct cgroup *cgrp; rcu_read_lock(); cgrp = task_cs(current)->css.cgroup; pr_cont(",cpuset="); pr_cont_cgroup_name(cgrp); pr_cont(",mems_allowed=%*pbl", nodemask_pr_args(&current->mems_allowed)); rcu_read_unlock(); } /* * Collection of memory_pressure is suppressed unless * this flag is enabled by writing "1" to the special * cpuset file 'memory_pressure_enabled' in the root cpuset. */ int cpuset_memory_pressure_enabled __read_mostly; /** * cpuset_memory_pressure_bump - keep stats of per-cpuset reclaims. * * Keep a running average of the rate of synchronous (direct) * page reclaim efforts initiated by tasks in each cpuset. * * This represents the rate at which some task in the cpuset * ran low on memory on all nodes it was allowed to use, and * had to enter the kernels page reclaim code in an effort to * create more free memory by tossing clean pages or swapping * or writing dirty pages. * * Display to user space in the per-cpuset read-only file * "memory_pressure". Value displayed is an integer * representing the recent rate of entry into the synchronous * (direct) page reclaim by any task attached to the cpuset. **/ void __cpuset_memory_pressure_bump(void) { rcu_read_lock(); fmeter_markevent(&task_cs(current)->fmeter); rcu_read_unlock(); } #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_PID_CPUSET /* * proc_cpuset_show() * - Print tasks cpuset path into seq_file. * - Used for /proc/<pid>/cpuset. * - No need to task_lock(tsk) on this tsk->cpuset reference, as it * doesn't really matter if tsk->cpuset changes after we read it, * and we take cpuset_mutex, keeping cpuset_attach() from changing it * anyway. */ int proc_cpuset_show(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns, struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *tsk) { char *buf; struct cgroup_subsys_state *css; int retval; retval = -ENOMEM; buf = kmalloc(PATH_MAX, GFP_KERNEL); if (!buf) goto out; css = task_get_css(tsk, cpuset_cgrp_id); retval = cgroup_path_ns(css->cgroup, buf, PATH_MAX, current->nsproxy->cgroup_ns); css_put(css); if (retval >= PATH_MAX) retval = -ENAMETOOLONG; if (retval < 0) goto out_free; seq_puts(m, buf); seq_putc(m, '\n'); retval = 0; out_free: kfree(buf); out: return retval; } #endif /* CONFIG_PROC_PID_CPUSET */ /* Display task mems_allowed in /proc/<pid>/status file. */ void cpuset_task_status_allowed(struct seq_file *m, struct task_struct *task) { seq_printf(m, "Mems_allowed:\t%*pb\n", nodemask_pr_args(&task->mems_allowed)); seq_printf(m, "Mems_allowed_list:\t%*pbl\n", nodemask_pr_args(&task->mems_allowed)); }
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WRITE : READ) /* * Check whether this bio carries any data or not. A NULL bio is allowed. */ static inline bool bio_has_data(struct bio *bio) { if (bio && bio->bi_iter.bi_size && bio_op(bio) != REQ_OP_DISCARD && bio_op(bio) != REQ_OP_SECURE_ERASE && bio_op(bio) != REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES) return true; return false; } static inline bool bio_no_advance_iter(const struct bio *bio) { return bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_DISCARD || bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_SECURE_ERASE || bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_WRITE_SAME || bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES; } static inline bool bio_mergeable(struct bio *bio) { if (bio->bi_opf & REQ_NOMERGE_FLAGS) return false; return true; } static inline unsigned int bio_cur_bytes(struct bio *bio) { if (bio_has_data(bio)) return bio_iovec(bio).bv_len; else /* dataless requests such as discard */ return bio->bi_iter.bi_size; } static inline void *bio_data(struct bio *bio) { if (bio_has_data(bio)) return page_address(bio_page(bio)) + bio_offset(bio); return NULL; } /** * bio_full - check if the bio is full * @bio: bio to check * @len: length of one segment to be added * * Return true if @bio is full and one segment with @len bytes can't be * added to the bio, otherwise return false */ static inline bool bio_full(struct bio *bio, unsigned len) { if (bio->bi_vcnt >= bio->bi_max_vecs) return true; if (bio->bi_iter.bi_size > UINT_MAX - len) return true; return false; } static inline bool bio_next_segment(const struct bio *bio, struct bvec_iter_all *iter) { if (iter->idx >= bio->bi_vcnt) return false; bvec_advance(&bio->bi_io_vec[iter->idx], iter); return true; } /* * drivers should _never_ use the all version - the bio may have been split * before it got to the driver and the driver won't own all of it */ #define bio_for_each_segment_all(bvl, bio, iter) \ for (bvl = bvec_init_iter_all(&iter); bio_next_segment((bio), &iter); ) static inline void bio_advance_iter(const struct bio *bio, struct bvec_iter *iter, unsigned int bytes) { iter->bi_sector += bytes >> 9; if (bio_no_advance_iter(bio)) iter->bi_size -= bytes; else bvec_iter_advance(bio->bi_io_vec, iter, bytes); /* TODO: It is reasonable to complete bio with error here. */ } #define __bio_for_each_segment(bvl, bio, iter, start) \ for (iter = (start); \ (iter).bi_size && \ ((bvl = bio_iter_iovec((bio), (iter))), 1); \ bio_advance_iter((bio), &(iter), (bvl).bv_len)) #define bio_for_each_segment(bvl, bio, iter) \ __bio_for_each_segment(bvl, bio, iter, (bio)->bi_iter) #define __bio_for_each_bvec(bvl, bio, iter, start) \ for (iter = (start); \ (iter).bi_size && \ ((bvl = mp_bvec_iter_bvec((bio)->bi_io_vec, (iter))), 1); \ bio_advance_iter((bio), &(iter), (bvl).bv_len)) /* iterate over multi-page bvec */ #define bio_for_each_bvec(bvl, bio, iter) \ __bio_for_each_bvec(bvl, bio, iter, (bio)->bi_iter) /* * Iterate over all multi-page bvecs. Drivers shouldn't use this version for the * same reasons as bio_for_each_segment_all(). */ #define bio_for_each_bvec_all(bvl, bio, i) \ for (i = 0, bvl = bio_first_bvec_all(bio); \ i < (bio)->bi_vcnt; i++, bvl++) \ #define bio_iter_last(bvec, iter) ((iter).bi_size == (bvec).bv_len) static inline unsigned bio_segments(struct bio *bio) { unsigned segs = 0; struct bio_vec bv; struct bvec_iter iter; /* * We special case discard/write same/write zeroes, because they * interpret bi_size differently: */ switch (bio_op(bio)) { case REQ_OP_DISCARD: case REQ_OP_SECURE_ERASE: case REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES: return 0; case REQ_OP_WRITE_SAME: return 1; default: break; } bio_for_each_segment(bv, bio, iter) segs++; return segs; } /* * get a reference to a bio, so it won't disappear. the intended use is * something like: * * bio_get(bio); * submit_bio(rw, bio); * if (bio->bi_flags ...) * do_something * bio_put(bio); * * without the bio_get(), it could potentially complete I/O before submit_bio * returns. and then bio would be freed memory when if (bio->bi_flags ...) * runs */ static inline void bio_get(struct bio *bio) { bio->bi_flags |= (1 << BIO_REFFED); smp_mb__before_atomic(); atomic_inc(&bio->__bi_cnt); } static inline void bio_cnt_set(struct bio *bio, unsigned int count) { if (count != 1) { bio->bi_flags |= (1 << BIO_REFFED); smp_mb(); } atomic_set(&bio->__bi_cnt, count); } static inline bool bio_flagged(struct bio *bio, unsigned int bit) { return (bio->bi_flags & (1U << bit)) != 0; } static inline void bio_set_flag(struct bio *bio, unsigned int bit) { bio->bi_flags |= (1U << bit); } static inline void bio_clear_flag(struct bio *bio, unsigned int bit) { bio->bi_flags &= ~(1U << bit); } static inline void bio_get_first_bvec(struct bio *bio, struct bio_vec *bv) { *bv = mp_bvec_iter_bvec(bio->bi_io_vec, bio->bi_iter); } static inline void bio_get_last_bvec(struct bio *bio, struct bio_vec *bv) { struct bvec_iter iter = bio->bi_iter; int idx; bio_get_first_bvec(bio, bv); if (bv->bv_len == bio->bi_iter.bi_size) return; /* this bio only has a single bvec */ bio_advance_iter(bio, &iter, iter.bi_size); if (!iter.bi_bvec_done) idx = iter.bi_idx - 1; else /* in the middle of bvec */ idx = iter.bi_idx; *bv = bio->bi_io_vec[idx]; /* * iter.bi_bvec_done records actual length of the last bvec * if this bio ends in the middle of one io vector */ if (iter.bi_bvec_done) bv->bv_len = iter.bi_bvec_done; } static inline struct bio_vec *bio_first_bvec_all(struct bio *bio) { WARN_ON_ONCE(bio_flagged(bio, BIO_CLONED)); return bio->bi_io_vec; } static inline struct page *bio_first_page_all(struct bio *bio) { return bio_first_bvec_all(bio)->bv_page; } static inline struct bio_vec *bio_last_bvec_all(struct bio *bio) { WARN_ON_ONCE(bio_flagged(bio, BIO_CLONED)); return &bio->bi_io_vec[bio->bi_vcnt - 1]; } enum bip_flags { BIP_BLOCK_INTEGRITY = 1 << 0, /* block layer owns integrity data */ BIP_MAPPED_INTEGRITY = 1 << 1, /* ref tag has been remapped */ BIP_CTRL_NOCHECK = 1 << 2, /* disable HBA integrity checking */ BIP_DISK_NOCHECK = 1 << 3, /* disable disk integrity checking */ BIP_IP_CHECKSUM = 1 << 4, /* IP checksum */ }; /* * bio integrity payload */ struct bio_integrity_payload { struct bio *bip_bio; /* parent bio */ struct bvec_iter bip_iter; unsigned short bip_slab; /* slab the bip came from */ unsigned short bip_vcnt; /* # of integrity bio_vecs */ unsigned short bip_max_vcnt; /* integrity bio_vec slots */ unsigned short bip_flags; /* control flags */ struct bvec_iter bio_iter; /* for rewinding parent bio */ struct work_struct bip_work; /* I/O completion */ struct bio_vec *bip_vec; struct bio_vec bip_inline_vecs[];/* embedded bvec array */ }; #if defined(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY) static inline struct bio_integrity_payload *bio_integrity(struct bio *bio) { if (bio->bi_opf & REQ_INTEGRITY) return bio->bi_integrity; return NULL; } static inline bool bio_integrity_flagged(struct bio *bio, enum bip_flags flag) { struct bio_integrity_payload *bip = bio_integrity(bio); if (bip) return bip->bip_flags & flag; return false; } static inline sector_t bip_get_seed(struct bio_integrity_payload *bip) { return bip->bip_iter.bi_sector; } static inline void bip_set_seed(struct bio_integrity_payload *bip, sector_t seed) { bip->bip_iter.bi_sector = seed; } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY */ extern void bio_trim(struct bio *bio, int offset, int size); extern struct bio *bio_split(struct bio *bio, int sectors, gfp_t gfp, struct bio_set *bs); /** * bio_next_split - get next @sectors from a bio, splitting if necessary * @bio: bio to split * @sectors: number of sectors to split from the front of @bio * @gfp: gfp mask * @bs: bio set to allocate from * * Returns a bio representing the next @sectors of @bio - if the bio is smaller * than @sectors, returns the original bio unchanged. */ static inline struct bio *bio_next_split(struct bio *bio, int sectors, gfp_t gfp, struct bio_set *bs) { if (sectors >= bio_sectors(bio)) return bio; return bio_split(bio, sectors, gfp, bs); } enum { BIOSET_NEED_BVECS = BIT(0), BIOSET_NEED_RESCUER = BIT(1), }; extern int bioset_init(struct bio_set *, unsigned int, unsigned int, int flags); extern void bioset_exit(struct bio_set *); extern int biovec_init_pool(mempool_t *pool, int pool_entries); extern int bioset_init_from_src(struct bio_set *bs, struct bio_set *src); extern struct bio *bio_alloc_bioset(gfp_t, unsigned int, struct bio_set *); extern void bio_put(struct bio *); extern void __bio_clone_fast(struct bio *, struct bio *); extern struct bio *bio_clone_fast(struct bio *, gfp_t, struct bio_set *); extern struct bio_set fs_bio_set; static inline struct bio *bio_alloc(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int nr_iovecs) { return bio_alloc_bioset(gfp_mask, nr_iovecs, &fs_bio_set); } static inline struct bio *bio_kmalloc(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int nr_iovecs) { return bio_alloc_bioset(gfp_mask, nr_iovecs, NULL); } extern blk_qc_t submit_bio(struct bio *); extern void bio_endio(struct bio *); static inline void bio_io_error(struct bio *bio) { bio->bi_status = BLK_STS_IOERR; bio_endio(bio); } static inline void bio_wouldblock_error(struct bio *bio) { bio_set_flag(bio, BIO_QUIET); bio->bi_status = BLK_STS_AGAIN; bio_endio(bio); } struct request_queue; extern int submit_bio_wait(struct bio *bio); extern void bio_advance(struct bio *, unsigned); extern void bio_init(struct bio *bio, struct bio_vec *table, unsigned short max_vecs); extern void bio_uninit(struct bio *); extern void bio_reset(struct bio *); void bio_chain(struct bio *, struct bio *); extern int bio_add_page(struct bio *, struct page *, unsigned int,unsigned int); extern int bio_add_pc_page(struct request_queue *, struct bio *, struct page *, unsigned int, unsigned int); bool __bio_try_merge_page(struct bio *bio, struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int off, bool *same_page); void __bio_add_page(struct bio *bio, struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int off); int bio_iov_iter_get_pages(struct bio *bio, struct iov_iter *iter); void bio_release_pages(struct bio *bio, bool mark_dirty); extern void bio_set_pages_dirty(struct bio *bio); extern void bio_check_pages_dirty(struct bio *bio); extern void bio_copy_data_iter(struct bio *dst, struct bvec_iter *dst_iter, struct bio *src, struct bvec_iter *src_iter); extern void bio_copy_data(struct bio *dst, struct bio *src); extern void bio_list_copy_data(struct bio *dst, struct bio *src); extern void bio_free_pages(struct bio *bio); void zero_fill_bio_iter(struct bio *bio, struct bvec_iter iter); void bio_truncate(struct bio *bio, unsigned new_size); void guard_bio_eod(struct bio *bio); static inline void zero_fill_bio(struct bio *bio) { zero_fill_bio_iter(bio, bio->bi_iter); } extern struct bio_vec *bvec_alloc(gfp_t, int, unsigned long *, mempool_t *); extern void bvec_free(mempool_t *, struct bio_vec *, unsigned int); extern unsigned int bvec_nr_vecs(unsigned short idx); extern const char *bio_devname(struct bio *bio, char *buffer); #define bio_set_dev(bio, bdev) \ do { \ if ((bio)->bi_disk != (bdev)->bd_disk) \ bio_clear_flag(bio, BIO_THROTTLED);\ (bio)->bi_disk = (bdev)->bd_disk; \ (bio)->bi_partno = (bdev)->bd_partno; \ bio_associate_blkg(bio); \ } while (0) #define bio_copy_dev(dst, src) \ do { \ (dst)->bi_disk = (src)->bi_disk; \ (dst)->bi_partno = (src)->bi_partno; \ bio_clone_blkg_association(dst, src); \ } while (0) #define bio_dev(bio) \ disk_devt((bio)->bi_disk) #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP void bio_associate_blkg(struct bio *bio); void bio_associate_blkg_from_css(struct bio *bio, struct cgroup_subsys_state *css); void bio_clone_blkg_association(struct bio *dst, struct bio *src); #else /* CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP */ static inline void bio_associate_blkg(struct bio *bio) { } static inline void bio_associate_blkg_from_css(struct bio *bio, struct cgroup_subsys_state *css) { } static inline void bio_clone_blkg_association(struct bio *dst, struct bio *src) { } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP */ #ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM /* * remember never ever reenable interrupts between a bvec_kmap_irq and * bvec_kunmap_irq! */ static inline char *bvec_kmap_irq(struct bio_vec *bvec, unsigned long *flags) { unsigned long addr; /* * might not be a highmem page, but the preempt/irq count * balancing is a lot nicer this way */ local_irq_save(*flags); addr = (unsigned long) kmap_atomic(bvec->bv_page); BUG_ON(addr & ~PAGE_MASK); return (char *) addr + bvec->bv_offset; } static inline void bvec_kunmap_irq(char *buffer, unsigned long *flags) { unsigned long ptr = (unsigned long) buffer & PAGE_MASK; kunmap_atomic((void *) ptr); local_irq_restore(*flags); } #else static inline char *bvec_kmap_irq(struct bio_vec *bvec, unsigned long *flags) { return page_address(bvec->bv_page) + bvec->bv_offset; } static inline void bvec_kunmap_irq(char *buffer, unsigned long *flags) { *flags = 0; } #endif /* * BIO list management for use by remapping drivers (e.g. DM or MD) and loop. * * A bio_list anchors a singly-linked list of bios chained through the bi_next * member of the bio. The bio_list also caches the last list member to allow * fast access to the tail. */ struct bio_list { struct bio *head; struct bio *tail; }; static inline int bio_list_empty(const struct bio_list *bl) { return bl->head == NULL; } static inline void bio_list_init(struct bio_list *bl) { bl->head = bl->tail = NULL; } #define BIO_EMPTY_LIST { NULL, NULL } #define bio_list_for_each(bio, bl) \ for (bio = (bl)->head; bio; bio = bio->bi_next) static inline unsigned bio_list_size(const struct bio_list *bl) { unsigned sz = 0; struct bio *bio; bio_list_for_each(bio, bl) sz++; return sz; } static inline void bio_list_add(struct bio_list *bl, struct bio *bio) { bio->bi_next = NULL; if (bl->tail) bl->tail->bi_next = bio; else bl->head = bio; bl->tail = bio; } static inline void bio_list_add_head(struct bio_list *bl, struct bio *bio) { bio->bi_next = bl->head; bl->head = bio; if (!bl->tail) bl->tail = bio; } static inline void bio_list_merge(struct bio_list *bl, struct bio_list *bl2) { if (!bl2->head) return; if (bl->tail) bl->tail->bi_next = bl2->head; else bl->head = bl2->head; bl->tail = bl2->tail; } static inline void bio_list_merge_head(struct bio_list *bl, struct bio_list *bl2) { if (!bl2->head) return; if (bl->head) bl2->tail->bi_next = bl->head; else bl->tail = bl2->tail; bl->head = bl2->head; } static inline struct bio *bio_list_peek(struct bio_list *bl) { return bl->head; } static inline struct bio *bio_list_pop(struct bio_list *bl) { struct bio *bio = bl->head; if (bio) { bl->head = bl->head->bi_next; if (!bl->head) bl->tail = NULL; bio->bi_next = NULL; } return bio; } static inline struct bio *bio_list_get(struct bio_list *bl) { struct bio *bio = bl->head; bl->head = bl->tail = NULL; return bio; } /* * Increment chain count for the bio. Make sure the CHAIN flag update * is visible before the raised count. */ static inline void bio_inc_remaining(struct bio *bio) { bio_set_flag(bio, BIO_CHAIN); smp_mb__before_atomic(); atomic_inc(&bio->__bi_remaining); } /* * bio_set is used to allow other portions of the IO system to * allocate their own private memory pools for bio and iovec structures. * These memory pools in turn all allocate from the bio_slab * and the bvec_slabs[]. */ #define BIO_POOL_SIZE 2 struct bio_set { struct kmem_cache *bio_slab; unsigned int front_pad; mempool_t bio_pool; mempool_t bvec_pool; #if defined(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY) mempool_t bio_integrity_pool; mempool_t bvec_integrity_pool; #endif /* * Deadlock avoidance for stacking block drivers: see comments in * bio_alloc_bioset() for details */ spinlock_t rescue_lock; struct bio_list rescue_list; struct work_struct rescue_work; struct workqueue_struct *rescue_workqueue; }; struct biovec_slab { int nr_vecs; char *name; struct kmem_cache *slab; }; static inline bool bioset_initialized(struct bio_set *bs) { return bs->bio_slab != NULL; } /* * a small number of entries is fine, not going to be performance critical. * basically we just need to survive */ #define BIO_SPLIT_ENTRIES 2 #if defined(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY) #define bip_for_each_vec(bvl, bip, iter) \ for_each_bvec(bvl, (bip)->bip_vec, iter, (bip)->bip_iter) #define bio_for_each_integrity_vec(_bvl, _bio, _iter) \ for_each_bio(_bio) \ bip_for_each_vec(_bvl, _bio->bi_integrity, _iter) extern struct bio_integrity_payload *bio_integrity_alloc(struct bio *, gfp_t, unsigned int); extern int bio_integrity_add_page(struct bio *, struct page *, unsigned int, unsigned int); extern bool bio_integrity_prep(struct bio *); extern void bio_integrity_advance(struct bio *, unsigned int); extern void bio_integrity_trim(struct bio *); extern int bio_integrity_clone(struct bio *, struct bio *, gfp_t); extern int bioset_integrity_create(struct bio_set *, int); extern void bioset_integrity_free(struct bio_set *); extern void bio_integrity_init(void); #else /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY */ static inline void *bio_integrity(struct bio *bio) { return NULL; } static inline int bioset_integrity_create(struct bio_set *bs, int pool_size) { return 0; } static inline void bioset_integrity_free (struct bio_set *bs) { return; } static inline bool bio_integrity_prep(struct bio *bio) { return true; } static inline int bio_integrity_clone(struct bio *bio, struct bio *bio_src, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return 0; } static inline void bio_integrity_advance(struct bio *bio, unsigned int bytes_done) { return; } static inline void bio_integrity_trim(struct bio *bio) { return; } static inline void bio_integrity_init(void) { return; } static inline bool bio_integrity_flagged(struct bio *bio, enum bip_flags flag) { return false; } static inline void *bio_integrity_alloc(struct bio * bio, gfp_t gfp, unsigned int nr) { return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } static inline int bio_integrity_add_page(struct bio *bio, struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int offset) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY */ /* * Mark a bio as polled. Note that for async polled IO, the caller must * expect -EWOULDBLOCK if we cannot allocate a request (or other resources). * We cannot block waiting for requests on polled IO, as those completions * must be found by the caller. This is different than IRQ driven IO, where * it's safe to wait for IO to complete. */ static inline void bio_set_polled(struct bio *bio, struct kiocb *kiocb) { bio->bi_opf |= REQ_HIPRI; if (!is_sync_kiocb(kiocb)) bio->bi_opf |= REQ_NOWAIT; } #endif /* __LINUX_BIO_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * ALSA sequencer Timer * Copyright (c) 1998-1999 by Frank van de Pol <fvdpol@coil.demon.nl> */ #ifndef __SND_SEQ_TIMER_H #define __SND_SEQ_TIMER_H #include <sound/timer.h> #include <sound/seq_kernel.h> struct snd_seq_timer_tick { snd_seq_tick_time_t cur_tick; /* current tick */ unsigned long resolution; /* time per tick in nsec */ unsigned long fraction; /* current time per tick in nsec */ }; struct snd_seq_timer { /* ... tempo / offset / running state */ unsigned int running:1, /* running state of queue */ initialized:1; /* timer is initialized */ unsigned int tempo; /* current tempo, us/tick */ int ppq; /* time resolution, ticks/quarter */ snd_seq_real_time_t cur_time; /* current time */ struct snd_seq_timer_tick tick; /* current tick */ int tick_updated; int type; /* timer type */ struct snd_timer_id alsa_id; /* ALSA's timer ID */ struct snd_timer_instance *timeri; /* timer instance */ unsigned int ticks; unsigned long preferred_resolution; /* timer resolution, ticks/sec */ unsigned int skew; unsigned int skew_base; struct timespec64 last_update; /* time of last clock update, used for interpolation */ spinlock_t lock; }; /* create new timer (constructor) */ struct snd_seq_timer *snd_seq_timer_new(void); /* delete timer (destructor) */ void snd_seq_timer_delete(struct snd_seq_timer **tmr); /* */ static inline void snd_seq_timer_update_tick(struct snd_seq_timer_tick *tick, unsigned long resolution) { if (tick->resolution > 0) { tick->fraction += resolution; tick->cur_tick += (unsigned int)(tick->fraction / tick->resolution); tick->fraction %= tick->resolution; } } /* compare timestamp between events */ /* return 1 if a >= b; otherwise return 0 */ static inline int snd_seq_compare_tick_time(snd_seq_tick_time_t *a, snd_seq_tick_time_t *b) { /* compare ticks */ return (*a >= *b); } static inline int snd_seq_compare_real_time(snd_seq_real_time_t *a, snd_seq_real_time_t *b) { /* compare real time */ if (a->tv_sec > b->tv_sec) return 1; if ((a->tv_sec == b->tv_sec) && (a->tv_nsec >= b->tv_nsec)) return 1; return 0; } static inline void snd_seq_sanity_real_time(snd_seq_real_time_t *tm) { while (tm->tv_nsec >= 1000000000) { /* roll-over */ tm->tv_nsec -= 1000000000; tm->tv_sec++; } } /* increment timestamp */ static inline void snd_seq_inc_real_time(snd_seq_real_time_t *tm, snd_seq_real_time_t *inc) { tm->tv_sec += inc->tv_sec; tm->tv_nsec += inc->tv_nsec; snd_seq_sanity_real_time(tm); } static inline void snd_seq_inc_time_nsec(snd_seq_real_time_t *tm, unsigned long nsec) { tm->tv_nsec += nsec; snd_seq_sanity_real_time(tm); } /* called by timer isr */ struct snd_seq_queue; int snd_seq_timer_open(struct snd_seq_queue *q); int snd_seq_timer_close(struct snd_seq_queue *q); int snd_seq_timer_midi_open(struct snd_seq_queue *q); int snd_seq_timer_midi_close(struct snd_seq_queue *q); void snd_seq_timer_defaults(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr); void snd_seq_timer_reset(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr); int snd_seq_timer_stop(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr); int snd_seq_timer_start(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr); int snd_seq_timer_continue(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr); int snd_seq_timer_set_tempo(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr, int tempo); int snd_seq_timer_set_tempo_ppq(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr, int tempo, int ppq); int snd_seq_timer_set_position_tick(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr, snd_seq_tick_time_t position); int snd_seq_timer_set_position_time(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr, snd_seq_real_time_t position); int snd_seq_timer_set_skew(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr, unsigned int skew, unsigned int base); snd_seq_real_time_t snd_seq_timer_get_cur_time(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr, bool adjust_ktime); snd_seq_tick_time_t snd_seq_timer_get_cur_tick(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr); extern int seq_default_timer_class; extern int seq_default_timer_sclass; extern int seq_default_timer_card; extern int seq_default_timer_device; extern int seq_default_timer_subdevice; extern int seq_default_timer_resolution; #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/buffer_head.h> #include <linux/exportfs.h> #include <linux/iso_fs.h> #include <asm/unaligned.h> enum isofs_file_format { isofs_file_normal = 0, isofs_file_sparse = 1, isofs_file_compressed = 2, }; /* * iso fs inode data in memory */ struct iso_inode_info { unsigned long i_iget5_block; unsigned long i_iget5_offset; unsigned int i_first_extent; unsigned char i_file_format; unsigned char i_format_parm[3]; unsigned long i_next_section_block; unsigned long i_next_section_offset; off_t i_section_size; struct inode vfs_inode; }; /* * iso9660 super-block data in memory */ struct isofs_sb_info { unsigned long s_ninodes; unsigned long s_nzones; unsigned long s_firstdatazone; unsigned long s_log_zone_size; unsigned long s_max_size; int s_rock_offset; /* offset of SUSP fields within SU area */ s32 s_sbsector; unsigned char s_joliet_level; unsigned char s_mapping; unsigned char s_check; unsigned char s_session; unsigned int s_high_sierra:1; unsigned int s_rock:2; unsigned int s_cruft:1; /* Broken disks with high byte of length * containing junk */ unsigned int s_nocompress:1; unsigned int s_hide:1; unsigned int s_showassoc:1; unsigned int s_overriderockperm:1; unsigned int s_uid_set:1; unsigned int s_gid_set:1; umode_t s_fmode; umode_t s_dmode; kgid_t s_gid; kuid_t s_uid; struct nls_table *s_nls_iocharset; /* Native language support table */ }; #define ISOFS_INVALID_MODE ((umode_t) -1) static inline struct isofs_sb_info *ISOFS_SB(struct super_block *sb) { return sb->s_fs_info; } static inline struct iso_inode_info *ISOFS_I(struct inode *inode) { return container_of(inode, struct iso_inode_info, vfs_inode); } static inline int isonum_711(u8 *p) { return *p; } static inline int isonum_712(s8 *p) { return *p; } static inline unsigned int isonum_721(u8 *p) { return get_unaligned_le16(p); } static inline unsigned int isonum_722(u8 *p) { return get_unaligned_be16(p); } static inline unsigned int isonum_723(u8 *p) { /* Ignore bigendian datum due to broken mastering programs */ return get_unaligned_le16(p); } static inline unsigned int isonum_731(u8 *p) { return get_unaligned_le32(p); } static inline unsigned int isonum_732(u8 *p) { return get_unaligned_be32(p); } static inline unsigned int isonum_733(u8 *p) { /* Ignore bigendian datum due to broken mastering programs */ return get_unaligned_le32(p); } extern int iso_date(u8 *, int); struct inode; /* To make gcc happy */ extern int parse_rock_ridge_inode(struct iso_directory_record *, struct inode *, int relocated); extern int get_rock_ridge_filename(struct iso_directory_record *, char *, struct inode *); extern int isofs_name_translate(struct iso_directory_record *, char *, struct inode *); int get_joliet_filename(struct iso_directory_record *, unsigned char *, struct inode *); int get_acorn_filename(struct iso_directory_record *, char *, struct inode *); extern struct dentry *isofs_lookup(struct inode *, struct dentry *, unsigned int flags); extern struct buffer_head *isofs_bread(struct inode *, sector_t); extern int isofs_get_blocks(struct inode *, sector_t, struct buffer_head **, unsigned long); struct inode *__isofs_iget(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long block, unsigned long offset, int relocated); static inline struct inode *isofs_iget(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long block, unsigned long offset) { return __isofs_iget(sb, block, offset, 0); } static inline struct inode *isofs_iget_reloc(