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Miller (davem@redhat.com) * Copyright (c) 2005 Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au> * * Portions derived from Cryptoapi, by Alexander Kjeldaas <astor@fast.no> * and Nettle, by Niels Möller. */ #ifndef _LINUX_CRYPTO_H #define _LINUX_CRYPTO_H #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/completion.h> /* * Autoloaded crypto modules should only use a prefixed name to avoid allowing * arbitrary modules to be loaded. Loading from userspace may still need the * unprefixed names, so retains those aliases as well. * This uses __MODULE_INFO directly instead of MODULE_ALIAS because pre-4.3 * gcc (e.g. avr32 toolchain) uses __LINE__ for uniqueness, and this macro * expands twice on the same line. Instead, use a separate base name for the * alias. */ #define MODULE_ALIAS_CRYPTO(name) \ __MODULE_INFO(alias, alias_userspace, name); \ __MODULE_INFO(alias, alias_crypto, "crypto-" name) /* * Algorithm masks and types. */ #define CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_MASK 0x0000000f #define CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_CIPHER 0x00000001 #define CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_COMPRESS 0x00000002 #define CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_AEAD 0x00000003 #define CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_SKCIPHER 0x00000005 #define CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_KPP 0x00000008 #define CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_ACOMPRESS 0x0000000a #define CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_SCOMPRESS 0x0000000b #define CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_RNG 0x0000000c #define CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_AKCIPHER 0x0000000d #define CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_HASH 0x0000000e #define CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_SHASH 0x0000000e #define CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_AHASH 0x0000000f #define CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_HASH_MASK 0x0000000e #define CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_AHASH_MASK 0x0000000e #define CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_ACOMPRESS_MASK 0x0000000e #define CRYPTO_ALG_LARVAL 0x00000010 #define CRYPTO_ALG_DEAD 0x00000020 #define CRYPTO_ALG_DYING 0x00000040 #define CRYPTO_ALG_ASYNC 0x00000080 /* * Set if the algorithm (or an algorithm which it uses) requires another * algorithm of the same type to handle corner cases. */ #define CRYPTO_ALG_NEED_FALLBACK 0x00000100 /* * Set if the algorithm has passed automated run-time testing. Note that * if there is no run-time testing for a given algorithm it is considered * to have passed. */ #define CRYPTO_ALG_TESTED 0x00000400 /* * Set if the algorithm is an instance that is built from templates. */ #define CRYPTO_ALG_INSTANCE 0x00000800 /* Set this bit if the algorithm provided is hardware accelerated but * not available to userspace via instruction set or so. */ #define CRYPTO_ALG_KERN_DRIVER_ONLY 0x00001000 /* * Mark a cipher as a service implementation only usable by another * cipher and never by a normal user of the kernel crypto API */ #define CRYPTO_ALG_INTERNAL 0x00002000 /* * Set if the algorithm has a ->setkey() method but can be used without * calling it first, i.e. there is a default key. */ #define CRYPTO_ALG_OPTIONAL_KEY 0x00004000 /* * Don't trigger module loading */ #define CRYPTO_NOLOAD 0x00008000 /* * The algorithm may allocate memory during request processing, i.e. during * encryption, decryption, or hashing. Users can request an algorithm with this * flag unset if they can't handle memory allocation failures. * * This flag is currently only implemented for algorithms of type "skcipher", * "aead", "ahash", "shash", and "cipher". Algorithms of other types might not * have this flag set even if they allocate memory. * * In some edge cases, algorithms can allocate memory regardless of this flag. * To avoid these cases, users must obey the following usage constraints: * skcipher: * - The IV buffer and all scatterlist elements must be aligned to the * algorithm's alignmask. * - If the data were to be divided into chunks of size * crypto_skcipher_walksize() (with any remainder going at the end), no * chunk can cross a page boundary or a scatterlist element boundary. * aead: * - The IV buffer and all scatterlist elements must be aligned to the * algorithm's alignmask. * - The first scatterlist element must contain all the associated data, * and its pages must be !PageHighMem. * - If the plaintext/ciphertext were to be divided into chunks of size * crypto_aead_walksize() (with the remainder going at the end), no chunk * can cross a page boundary or a scatterlist element boundary. * ahash: * - The result buffer must be aligned to the algorithm's alignmask. * - crypto_ahash_finup() must not be used unless the algorithm implements * ->finup() natively. */ #define CRYPTO_ALG_ALLOCATES_MEMORY 0x00010000 /* * Transform masks and values (for crt_flags). */ #define CRYPTO_TFM_NEED_KEY 0x00000001 #define CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MASK 0x000fff00 #define CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_FORBID_WEAK_KEYS 0x00000100 #define CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_SLEEP 0x00000200 #define CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_BACKLOG 0x00000400 /* * Miscellaneous stuff. */ #define CRYPTO_MAX_ALG_NAME 128 /* * The macro CRYPTO_MINALIGN_ATTR (along with the void * type in the actual * declaration) is used to ensure that the crypto_tfm context structure is * aligned correctly for the given architecture so that there are no alignment * faults for C data types. On architectures that support non-cache coherent * DMA, such as ARM or arm64, it also takes into account the minimal alignment * that is required to ensure that the context struct member does not share any * cachelines with the rest of the struct. This is needed to ensure that cache * maintenance for non-coherent DMA (cache invalidation in particular) does not * affect data that may be accessed by the CPU concurrently. */ #define CRYPTO_MINALIGN ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN #define CRYPTO_MINALIGN_ATTR __attribute__ ((__aligned__(CRYPTO_MINALIGN))) struct scatterlist; struct crypto_async_request; struct crypto_tfm; struct crypto_type; typedef void (*crypto_completion_t)(struct crypto_async_request *req, int err); /** * DOC: Block Cipher Context Data Structures * * These data structures define the operating context for each block cipher * type. */ struct crypto_async_request { struct list_head list; crypto_completion_t complete; void *data; struct crypto_tfm *tfm; u32 flags; }; /** * DOC: Block Cipher Algorithm Definitions * * These data structures define modular crypto algorithm implementations, * managed via crypto_register_alg() and crypto_unregister_alg(). */ /** * struct cipher_alg - single-block symmetric ciphers definition * @cia_min_keysize: Minimum key size supported by the transformation. This is * the smallest key length supported by this transformation * algorithm. This must be set to one of the pre-defined * values as this is not hardware specific. Possible values * for this field can be found via git grep "_MIN_KEY_SIZE" * include/crypto/ * @cia_max_keysize: Maximum key size supported by the transformation. This is * the largest key length supported by this transformation * algorithm. This must be set to one of the pre-defined values * as this is not hardware specific. Possible values for this * field can be found via git grep "_MAX_KEY_SIZE" * include/crypto/ * @cia_setkey: Set key for the transformation. This function is used to either * program a supplied key into the hardware or store the key in the * transformation context for programming it later. Note that this * function does modify the transformation context. This function * can be called multiple times during the existence of the * transformation object, so one must make sure the key is properly * reprogrammed into the hardware. This function is also * responsible for checking the key length for validity. * @cia_encrypt: Encrypt a single block. This function is used to encrypt a * single block of data, which must be @cra_blocksize big. This * always operates on a full @cra_blocksize and it is not possible * to encrypt a block of smaller size. The supplied buffers must * therefore also be at least of @cra_blocksize size. Both the * input and output buffers are always aligned to @cra_alignmask. * In case either of the input or output buffer supplied by user * of the crypto API is not aligned to @cra_alignmask, the crypto * API will re-align the buffers. The re-alignment means that a * new buffer will be allocated, the data will be copied into the * new buffer, then the processing will happen on the new buffer, * then the data will be copied back into the original buffer and * finally the new buffer will be freed. In case a software * fallback was put in place in the @cra_init call, this function * might need to use the fallback if the algorithm doesn't support * all of the key sizes. In case the key was stored in * transformation context, the key might need to be re-programmed * into the hardware in this function. This function shall not * modify the transformation context, as this function may be * called in parallel with the same transformation object. * @cia_decrypt: Decrypt a single block. This is a reverse counterpart to * @cia_encrypt, and the conditions are exactly the same. * * All fields are mandatory and must be filled. */ struct cipher_alg { unsigned int cia_min_keysize; unsigned int cia_max_keysize; int (*cia_setkey)(struct crypto_tfm *tfm, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen); void (*cia_encrypt)(struct crypto_tfm *tfm, u8 *dst, const u8 *src); void (*cia_decrypt)(struct crypto_tfm *tfm, u8 *dst, const u8 *src); }; /** * struct compress_alg - compression/decompression algorithm * @coa_compress: Compress a buffer of specified length, storing the resulting * data in the specified buffer. Return the length of the * compressed data in dlen. * @coa_decompress: Decompress the source buffer, storing the uncompressed * data in the specified buffer. The length of the data is * returned in dlen. * * All fields are mandatory. */ struct compress_alg { int (*coa_compress)(struct crypto_tfm *tfm, const u8 *src, unsigned int slen, u8 *dst, unsigned int *dlen); int (*coa_decompress)(struct crypto_tfm *tfm, const u8 *src, unsigned int slen, u8 *dst, unsigned int *dlen); }; #ifdef CONFIG_CRYPTO_STATS /* * struct crypto_istat_aead - statistics for AEAD algorithm * @encrypt_cnt: number of encrypt requests * @encrypt_tlen: total data size handled by encrypt requests * @decrypt_cnt: number of decrypt requests * @decrypt_tlen: total data size handled by decrypt requests * @err_cnt: number of error for AEAD requests */ struct crypto_istat_aead { atomic64_t encrypt_cnt; atomic64_t encrypt_tlen; atomic64_t decrypt_cnt; atomic64_t decrypt_tlen; atomic64_t err_cnt; }; /* * struct crypto_istat_akcipher - statistics for akcipher algorithm * @encrypt_cnt: number of encrypt requests * @encrypt_tlen: total data size handled by encrypt requests * @decrypt_cnt: number of decrypt requests * @decrypt_tlen: total data size handled by decrypt requests * @verify_cnt: number of verify operation * @sign_cnt: number of sign requests * @err_cnt: number of error for akcipher requests */ struct crypto_istat_akcipher { atomic64_t encrypt_cnt; atomic64_t encrypt_tlen; atomic64_t decrypt_cnt; atomic64_t decrypt_tlen; atomic64_t verify_cnt; atomic64_t sign_cnt; atomic64_t err_cnt; }; /* * struct crypto_istat_cipher - statistics for cipher algorithm * @encrypt_cnt: number of encrypt requests * @encrypt_tlen: total data size handled by encrypt requests * @decrypt_cnt: number of decrypt requests * @decrypt_tlen: total data size handled by decrypt requests * @err_cnt: number of error for cipher requests */ struct crypto_istat_cipher { atomic64_t encrypt_cnt; atomic64_t encrypt_tlen; atomic64_t decrypt_cnt; atomic64_t decrypt_tlen; atomic64_t err_cnt; }; /* * struct crypto_istat_compress - statistics for compress algorithm * @compress_cnt: number of compress requests * @compress_tlen: total data size handled by compress requests * @decompress_cnt: number of decompress requests * @decompress_tlen: total data size handled by decompress requests * @err_cnt: number of error for compress requests */ struct crypto_istat_compress { atomic64_t compress_cnt; atomic64_t compress_tlen; atomic64_t decompress_cnt; atomic64_t decompress_tlen; atomic64_t err_cnt; }; /* * struct crypto_istat_hash - statistics for has algorithm * @hash_cnt: number of hash requests * @hash_tlen: total data size hashed * @err_cnt: number of error for hash requests */ struct crypto_istat_hash { atomic64_t hash_cnt; atomic64_t hash_tlen; atomic64_t err_cnt; }; /* * struct crypto_istat_kpp - statistics for KPP algorithm * @setsecret_cnt: number of setsecrey operation * @generate_public_key_cnt: number of generate_public_key operation * @compute_shared_secret_cnt: number of compute_shared_secret operation * @err_cnt: number of error for KPP requests */ struct crypto_istat_kpp { atomic64_t setsecret_cnt; atomic64_t generate_public_key_cnt; atomic64_t compute_shared_secret_cnt; atomic64_t err_cnt; }; /* * struct crypto_istat_rng: statistics for RNG algorithm * @generate_cnt: number of RNG generate requests * @generate_tlen: total data size of generated data by the RNG * @seed_cnt: number of times the RNG was seeded * @err_cnt: number of error for RNG requests */ struct crypto_istat_rng { atomic64_t generate_cnt; atomic64_t generate_tlen; atomic64_t seed_cnt; atomic64_t err_cnt; }; #endif /* CONFIG_CRYPTO_STATS */ #define cra_cipher cra_u.cipher #define cra_compress cra_u.compress /** * struct crypto_alg - definition of a cryptograpic cipher algorithm * @cra_flags: Flags describing this transformation. See include/linux/crypto.h * CRYPTO_ALG_* flags for the flags which go in here. Those are * used for fine-tuning the description of the transformation * algorithm. * @cra_blocksize: Minimum block size of this transformation. The size in bytes * of the smallest possible unit which can be transformed with * this algorithm. The users must respect this value. * In case of HASH transformation, it is possible for a smaller * block than @cra_blocksize to be passed to the crypto API for * transformation, in case of any other transformation type, an * error will be returned upon any attempt to transform smaller * than @cra_blocksize chunks. * @cra_ctxsize: Size of the operational context of the transformation. This * value informs the kernel crypto API about the memory size * needed to be allocated for the transformation context. * @cra_alignmask: Alignment mask for the input and output data buffer. The data * buffer containing the input data for the algorithm must be * aligned to this alignment mask. The data buffer for the * output data must be aligned to this alignment mask. Note that * the Crypto API will do the re-alignment in software, but * only under special conditions and there is a performance hit. * The re-alignment happens at these occasions for different * @cra_u types: cipher -- For both input data and output data * buffer; ahash -- For output hash destination buf; shash -- * For output hash destination buf. * This is needed on hardware which is flawed by design and * cannot pick data from arbitrary addresses. * @cra_priority: Priority of this transformation implementation. In case * multiple transformations with same @cra_name are available to * the Crypto API, the kernel will use the one with highest * @cra_priority. * @cra_name: Generic name (usable by multiple implementations) of the * transformation algorithm. This is the name of the transformation * itself. This field is used by the kernel when looking up the * providers of particular transformation. * @cra_driver_name: Unique name of the transformation provider. This is the * name of the provider of the transformation. This can be any * arbitrary value, but in the usual case, this contains the * name of the chip or provider and the name of the * transformation algorithm. * @cra_type: Type of the cryptographic transformation. This is a pointer to * struct crypto_type, which implements callbacks common for all * transformation types. There are multiple options, such as * &crypto_skcipher_type, &crypto_ahash_type, &crypto_rng_type. * This field might be empty. In that case, there are no common * callbacks. This is the case for: cipher, compress, shash. * @cra_u: Callbacks implementing the transformation. This is a union of * multiple structures. Depending on the type of transformation selected * by @cra_type and @cra_flags above, the associated structure must be * filled with callbacks. This field might be empty. This is the case * for ahash, shash. * @cra_init: Initialize the cryptographic transformation object. This function * is used to initialize the cryptographic transformation object. * This function is called only once at the instantiation time, right * after the transformation context was allocated. In case the * cryptographic hardware has some special requirements which need to * be handled by software, this function shall check for the precise * requirement of the transformation and put any software fallbacks * in place. * @cra_exit: Deinitialize the cryptographic transformation object. This is a * counterpart to @cra_init, used to remove various changes set in * @cra_init. * @cra_u.cipher: Union member which contains a single-block symmetric cipher * definition. See @struct @cipher_alg. * @cra_u.compress: Union member which contains a (de)compression algorithm. * See @struct @compress_alg. * @cra_module: Owner of this transformation implementation. Set to THIS_MODULE * @cra_list: internally used * @cra_users: internally used * @cra_refcnt: internally used * @cra_destroy: internally used * * @stats: union of all possible crypto_istat_xxx structures * @stats.aead: statistics for AEAD algorithm * @stats.akcipher: statistics for akcipher algorithm * @stats.cipher: statistics for cipher algorithm * @stats.compress: statistics for compress algorithm * @stats.hash: statistics for hash algorithm * @stats.rng: statistics for rng algorithm * @stats.kpp: statistics for KPP algorithm * * The struct crypto_alg describes a generic Crypto API algorithm and is common * for all of the transformations. Any variable not documented here shall not * be used by a cipher implementation as it is internal to the Crypto API. */ struct crypto_alg { struct list_head cra_list; struct list_head cra_users; u32 cra_flags; unsigned int cra_blocksize; unsigned int cra_ctxsize; unsigned int cra_alignmask; int cra_priority; refcount_t cra_refcnt; char cra_name[CRYPTO_MAX_ALG_NAME]; char cra_driver_name[CRYPTO_MAX_ALG_NAME]; const struct crypto_type *cra_type; union { struct cipher_alg cipher; struct compress_alg compress; } cra_u; int (*cra_init)(struct crypto_tfm *tfm); void (*cra_exit)(struct crypto_tfm *tfm); void (*cra_destroy)(struct crypto_alg *alg); struct module *cra_module; #ifdef CONFIG_CRYPTO_STATS union { struct crypto_istat_aead aead; struct crypto_istat_akcipher akcipher; struct crypto_istat_cipher cipher; struct crypto_istat_compress compress; struct crypto_istat_hash hash; struct crypto_istat_rng rng; struct crypto_istat_kpp kpp; } stats; #endif /* CONFIG_CRYPTO_STATS */ } CRYPTO_MINALIGN_ATTR; #ifdef CONFIG_CRYPTO_STATS void crypto_stats_init(struct crypto_alg *alg); void crypto_stats_get(struct crypto_alg *alg); void crypto_stats_aead_encrypt(unsigned int cryptlen, struct crypto_alg *alg, int ret); void crypto_stats_aead_decrypt(unsigned int cryptlen, struct crypto_alg *alg, int ret); void crypto_stats_ahash_update(unsigned int nbytes, int ret, struct crypto_alg *alg); void crypto_stats_ahash_final(unsigned int nbytes, int ret, struct crypto_alg *alg); void crypto_stats_akcipher_encrypt(unsigned int src_len, int ret, struct crypto_alg *alg); void crypto_stats_akcipher_decrypt(unsigned int src_len, int ret, struct crypto_alg *alg); void crypto_stats_akcipher_sign(int ret, struct crypto_alg *alg); void crypto_stats_akcipher_verify(int ret, struct crypto_alg *alg); void crypto_stats_compress(unsigned int slen, int ret, struct crypto_alg *alg); void crypto_stats_decompress(unsigned int slen, int ret, struct crypto_alg *alg); void crypto_stats_kpp_set_secret(struct crypto_alg *alg, int ret); void crypto_stats_kpp_generate_public_key(struct crypto_alg *alg, int ret); void crypto_stats_kpp_compute_shared_secret(struct crypto_alg *alg, int ret); void crypto_stats_rng_seed(struct crypto_alg *alg, int ret); void crypto_stats_rng_generate(struct crypto_alg *alg, unsigned int dlen, int ret); void crypto_stats_skcipher_encrypt(unsigned int cryptlen, int ret, struct crypto_alg *alg); void crypto_stats_skcipher_decrypt(unsigned int cryptlen, int ret, struct crypto_alg *alg); #else static inline void crypto_stats_init(struct crypto_alg *alg) {} static inline void crypto_stats_get(struct crypto_alg *alg) {} static inline void crypto_stats_aead_encrypt(unsigned int cryptlen, struct crypto_alg *alg, int ret) {} static inline void crypto_stats_aead_decrypt(unsigned int cryptlen, struct crypto_alg *alg, int ret) {} static inline void crypto_stats_ahash_update(unsigned int nbytes, int ret, struct crypto_alg *alg) {} static inline void crypto_stats_ahash_final(unsigned int nbytes, int ret, struct crypto_alg *alg) {} static inline void crypto_stats_akcipher_encrypt(unsigned int src_len, int ret, struct crypto_alg *alg) {} static inline void crypto_stats_akcipher_decrypt(unsigned int src_len, int ret, struct crypto_alg *alg) {} static inline void crypto_stats_akcipher_sign(int ret, struct crypto_alg *alg) {} static inline void crypto_stats_akcipher_verify(int ret, struct crypto_alg *alg) {} static inline void crypto_stats_compress(unsigned int slen, int ret, struct crypto_alg *alg) {} static inline void crypto_stats_decompress(unsigned int slen, int ret, struct crypto_alg *alg) {} static inline void crypto_stats_kpp_set_secret(struct crypto_alg *alg, int ret) {} static inline void crypto_stats_kpp_generate_public_key(struct crypto_alg *alg, int ret) {} static inline void crypto_stats_kpp_compute_shared_secret(struct crypto_alg *alg, int ret) {} static inline void crypto_stats_rng_seed(struct crypto_alg *alg, int ret) {} static inline void crypto_stats_rng_generate(struct crypto_alg *alg, unsigned int dlen, int ret) {} static inline void crypto_stats_skcipher_encrypt(unsigned int cryptlen, int ret, struct crypto_alg *alg) {} static inline void crypto_stats_skcipher_decrypt(unsigned int cryptlen, int ret, struct crypto_alg *alg) {} #endif /* * A helper struct for waiting for completion of async crypto ops */ struct crypto_wait { struct completion completion; int err; }; /* * Macro for declaring a crypto op async wait object on stack */ #define DECLARE_CRYPTO_WAIT(_wait) \ struct crypto_wait _wait = { \ COMPLETION_INITIALIZER_ONSTACK((_wait).completion), 0 } /* * Async ops completion helper functioons */ void crypto_req_done(struct crypto_async_request *req, int err); static inline int crypto_wait_req(int err, struct crypto_wait *wait) { switch (err) { case -EINPROGRESS: case -EBUSY: wait_for_completion(&wait->completion); reinit_completion(&wait->completion); err = wait->err; break; } return err; } static inline void crypto_init_wait(struct crypto_wait *wait) { init_completion(&wait->completion); } /* * Algorithm registration interface. */ int crypto_register_alg(struct crypto_alg *alg); void crypto_unregister_alg(struct crypto_alg *alg); int crypto_register_algs(struct crypto_alg *algs, int count); void crypto_unregister_algs(struct crypto_alg *algs, int count); /* * Algorithm query interface. */ int crypto_has_alg(const char *name, u32 type, u32 mask); /* * Transforms: user-instantiated objects which encapsulate algorithms * and core processing logic. Managed via crypto_alloc_*() and * crypto_free_*(), as well as the various helpers below. */ struct crypto_tfm { u32 crt_flags; int node; void (*exit)(struct crypto_tfm *tfm); struct crypto_alg *__crt_alg; void *__crt_ctx[] CRYPTO_MINALIGN_ATTR; }; struct crypto_cipher { struct crypto_tfm base; }; struct crypto_comp { struct crypto_tfm base; }; enum { CRYPTOA_UNSPEC, CRYPTOA_ALG, CRYPTOA_TYPE, CRYPTOA_U32, __CRYPTOA_MAX, }; #define CRYPTOA_MAX (__CRYPTOA_MAX - 1) /* Maximum number of (rtattr) parameters for each template. */ #define CRYPTO_MAX_ATTRS 32 struct crypto_attr_alg { char name[CRYPTO_MAX_ALG_NAME]; }; struct crypto_attr_type { u32 type; u32 mask; }; struct crypto_attr_u32 { u32 num; }; /* * Transform user interface. */ struct crypto_tfm *crypto_alloc_base(const char *alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask); void crypto_destroy_tfm(void *mem, struct crypto_tfm *tfm); static inline void crypto_free_tfm(struct crypto_tfm *tfm) { return crypto_destroy_tfm(tfm, tfm); } int alg_test(const char *driver, const char *alg, u32 type, u32 mask); /* * Transform helpers which query the underlying algorithm. */ static inline const char *crypto_tfm_alg_name(struct crypto_tfm *tfm) { return tfm->__crt_alg->cra_name; } static inline const char *crypto_tfm_alg_driver_name(struct crypto_tfm *tfm) { return tfm->__crt_alg->cra_driver_name; } static inline int crypto_tfm_alg_priority(struct crypto_tfm *tfm) { return tfm->__crt_alg->cra_priority; } static inline u32 crypto_tfm_alg_type(struct crypto_tfm *tfm) { return tfm->__crt_alg->cra_flags & CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_MASK; } static inline unsigned int crypto_tfm_alg_blocksize(struct crypto_tfm *tfm) { return tfm->__crt_alg->cra_blocksize; } static inline unsigned int crypto_tfm_alg_alignmask(struct crypto_tfm *tfm) { return tfm->__crt_alg->cra_alignmask; } static inline u32 crypto_tfm_get_flags(struct crypto_tfm *tfm) { return tfm->crt_flags; } static inline void crypto_tfm_set_flags(struct crypto_tfm *tfm, u32 flags) { tfm->crt_flags |= flags; } static inline void crypto_tfm_clear_flags(struct crypto_tfm *tfm, u32 flags) { tfm->crt_flags &= ~flags; } static inline void *crypto_tfm_ctx(struct crypto_tfm *tfm) { return tfm->__crt_ctx; } static inline unsigned int crypto_tfm_ctx_alignment(void) { struct crypto_tfm *tfm; return __alignof__(tfm->__crt_ctx); } /** * DOC: Single Block Cipher API * * The single block cipher API is used with the ciphers of type * CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_CIPHER (listed as type "cipher" in /proc/crypto). * * Using the single block cipher API calls, operations with the basic cipher * primitive can be implemented. These cipher primitives exclude any block * chaining operations including IV handling. * * The purpose of this single block cipher API is to support the implementation * of templates or other concepts that only need to perform the cipher operation * on one block at a time. Templates invoke the underlying cipher primitive * block-wise and process either the input or the output data of these cipher * operations. */ static inline struct crypto_cipher *__crypto_cipher_cast(struct crypto_tfm *tfm) { return (struct crypto_cipher *)tfm; } /** * crypto_alloc_cipher() - allocate single block cipher handle * @alg_name: is the cra_name / name or cra_driver_name / driver name of the * single block cipher * @type: specifies the type of the cipher * @mask: specifies the mask for the cipher * * Allocate a cipher handle for a single block cipher. The returned struct * crypto_cipher is the cipher handle that is required for any subsequent API * invocation for that single block cipher. * * Return: allocated cipher handle in case of success; IS_ERR() is true in case * of an error, PTR_ERR() returns the error code. */ static inline struct crypto_cipher *crypto_alloc_cipher(const char *alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask) { type &= ~CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_MASK; type |= CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_CIPHER; mask |= CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_MASK; return __crypto_cipher_cast(crypto_alloc_base(alg_name, type, mask)); } static inline struct crypto_tfm *crypto_cipher_tfm(struct crypto_cipher *tfm) { return &tfm->base; } /** * crypto_free_cipher() - zeroize and free the single block cipher handle * @tfm: cipher handle to be freed */ static inline void crypto_free_cipher(struct crypto_cipher *tfm) { crypto_free_tfm(crypto_cipher_tfm(tfm)); } /** * crypto_has_cipher() - Search for the availability of a single block cipher * @alg_name: is the cra_name / name or cra_driver_name / driver name of the * single block cipher * @type: specifies the type of the cipher * @mask: specifies the mask for the cipher * * Return: true when the single block cipher is known to the kernel crypto API; * false otherwise */ static inline int crypto_has_cipher(const char *alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask) { type &= ~CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_MASK; type |= CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_CIPHER; mask |= CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_MASK; return crypto_has_alg(alg_name, type, mask); } /** * crypto_cipher_blocksize() - obtain block size for cipher * @tfm: cipher handle * * The block size for the single block cipher referenced with the cipher handle * tfm is returned. The caller may use that information to allocate appropriate * memory for the data returned by the encryption or decryption operation * * Return: block size of cipher */ static inline unsigned int crypto_cipher_blocksize(struct crypto_cipher *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_blocksize(crypto_cipher_tfm(tfm)); } static inline unsigned int crypto_cipher_alignmask(struct crypto_cipher *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_alignmask(crypto_cipher_tfm(tfm)); } static inline u32 crypto_cipher_get_flags(struct crypto_cipher *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_get_flags(crypto_cipher_tfm(tfm)); } static inline void crypto_cipher_set_flags(struct crypto_cipher *tfm, u32 flags) { crypto_tfm_set_flags(crypto_cipher_tfm(tfm), flags); } static inline void crypto_cipher_clear_flags(struct crypto_cipher *tfm, u32 flags) { crypto_tfm_clear_flags(crypto_cipher_tfm(tfm), flags); } /** * crypto_cipher_setkey() - set key for cipher * @tfm: cipher handle * @key: buffer holding the key * @keylen: length of the key in bytes * * The caller provided key is set for the single block cipher referenced by the * cipher handle. * * Note, the key length determines the cipher type. Many block ciphers implement * different cipher modes depending on the key size, such as AES-128 vs AES-192 * vs. AES-256. When providing a 16 byte key for an AES cipher handle, AES-128 * is performed. * * Return: 0 if the setting of the key was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ int crypto_cipher_setkey(struct crypto_cipher *tfm, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen); /** * crypto_cipher_encrypt_one() - encrypt one block of plaintext * @tfm: cipher handle * @dst: points to the buffer that will be filled with the ciphertext * @src: buffer holding the plaintext to be encrypted * * Invoke the encryption operation of one block. The caller must ensure that * the plaintext and ciphertext buffers are at least one block in size. */ void crypto_cipher_encrypt_one(struct crypto_cipher *tfm, u8 *dst, const u8 *src); /** * crypto_cipher_decrypt_one() - decrypt one block of ciphertext * @tfm: cipher handle * @dst: points to the buffer that will be filled with the plaintext * @src: buffer holding the ciphertext to be decrypted * * Invoke the decryption operation of one block. The caller must ensure that * the plaintext and ciphertext buffers are at least one block in size. */ void crypto_cipher_decrypt_one(struct crypto_cipher *tfm, u8 *dst, const u8 *src); static inline struct crypto_comp *__crypto_comp_cast(struct crypto_tfm *tfm) { return (struct crypto_comp *)tfm; } static inline struct crypto_comp *crypto_alloc_comp(const char *alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask) { type &= ~CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_MASK; type |= CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_COMPRESS; mask |= CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_MASK; return __crypto_comp_cast(crypto_alloc_base(alg_name, type, mask)); } static inline struct crypto_tfm *crypto_comp_tfm(struct crypto_comp *tfm) { return &tfm->base; } static inline void crypto_free_comp(struct crypto_comp *tfm) { crypto_free_tfm(crypto_comp_tfm(tfm)); } static inline int crypto_has_comp(const char *alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask) { type &= ~CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_MASK; type |= CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_COMPRESS; mask |= CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_MASK; return crypto_has_alg(alg_name, type, mask); } static inline const char *crypto_comp_name(struct crypto_comp *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_name(crypto_comp_tfm(tfm)); } int crypto_comp_compress(struct crypto_comp *tfm, const u8 *src, unsigned int slen, u8 *dst, unsigned int *dlen); int crypto_comp_decompress(struct crypto_comp *tfm, const u8 *src, unsigned int slen, u8 *dst, unsigned int *dlen); #endif /* _LINUX_CRYPTO_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef RQ_QOS_H #define RQ_QOS_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/blk_types.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/blk-mq.h> #include "blk-mq-debugfs.h" struct blk_mq_debugfs_attr; enum rq_qos_id { RQ_QOS_WBT, RQ_QOS_LATENCY, RQ_QOS_COST, }; struct rq_wait { wait_queue_head_t wait; atomic_t inflight; }; struct rq_qos { struct rq_qos_ops *ops; struct request_queue *q; enum rq_qos_id id; struct rq_qos *next; #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEBUG_FS struct dentry *debugfs_dir; #endif }; struct rq_qos_ops { void (*throttle)(struct rq_qos *, struct bio *); void (*track)(struct rq_qos *, struct request *, struct bio *); void (*merge)(struct rq_qos *, struct request *, struct bio *); void (*issue)(struct rq_qos *, struct request *); void (*requeue)(struct rq_qos *, struct request *); void (*done)(struct rq_qos *, struct request *); void (*done_bio)(struct rq_qos *, struct bio *); void (*cleanup)(struct rq_qos *, struct bio *); void (*queue_depth_changed)(struct rq_qos *); void (*exit)(struct rq_qos *); const struct blk_mq_debugfs_attr *debugfs_attrs; }; struct rq_depth { unsigned int max_depth; int scale_step; bool scaled_max; unsigned int queue_depth; unsigned int default_depth; }; static inline struct rq_qos *rq_qos_id(struct request_queue *q, enum rq_qos_id id) { struct rq_qos *rqos; for (rqos = q->rq_qos; rqos; rqos = rqos->next) { if (rqos->id == id) break; } return rqos; } static inline struct rq_qos *wbt_rq_qos(struct request_queue *q) { return rq_qos_id(q, RQ_QOS_WBT); } static inline struct rq_qos *blkcg_rq_qos(struct request_queue *q) { return rq_qos_id(q, RQ_QOS_LATENCY); } static inline const char *rq_qos_id_to_name(enum rq_qos_id id) { switch (id) { case RQ_QOS_WBT: return "wbt"; case RQ_QOS_LATENCY: return "latency"; case RQ_QOS_COST: return "cost"; } return "unknown"; } static inline void rq_wait_init(struct rq_wait *rq_wait) { atomic_set(&rq_wait->inflight, 0); init_waitqueue_head(&rq_wait->wait); } static inline void rq_qos_add(struct request_queue *q, struct rq_qos *rqos) { /* * No IO can be in-flight when adding rqos, so freeze queue, which * is fine since we only support rq_qos for blk-mq queue. * * Reuse ->queue_lock for protecting against other concurrent * rq_qos adding/deleting */ blk_mq_freeze_queue(q); spin_lock_irq(&q->queue_lock); rqos->next = q->rq_qos; q->rq_qos = rqos; spin_unlock_irq(&q->queue_lock); blk_mq_unfreeze_queue(q); if (rqos->ops->debugfs_attrs) blk_mq_debugfs_register_rqos(rqos); } static inline void rq_qos_del(struct request_queue *q, struct rq_qos *rqos) { struct rq_qos **cur; /* * See comment in rq_qos_add() about freezing queue & using * ->queue_lock. */ blk_mq_freeze_queue(q); spin_lock_irq(&q->queue_lock); for (cur = &q->rq_qos; *cur; cur = &(*cur)->next) { if (*cur == rqos) { *cur = rqos->next; break; } } spin_unlock_irq(&q->queue_lock); blk_mq_unfreeze_queue(q); blk_mq_debugfs_unregister_rqos(rqos); } typedef bool (acquire_inflight_cb_t)(struct rq_wait *rqw, void *private_data); typedef void (cleanup_cb_t)(struct rq_wait *rqw, void *private_data); void rq_qos_wait(struct rq_wait *rqw, void *private_data, acquire_inflight_cb_t *acquire_inflight_cb, cleanup_cb_t *cleanup_cb); bool rq_wait_inc_below(struct rq_wait *rq_wait, unsigned int limit); bool rq_depth_scale_up(struct rq_depth *rqd); bool rq_depth_scale_down(struct rq_depth *rqd, bool hard_throttle); bool rq_depth_calc_max_depth(struct rq_depth *rqd); void __rq_qos_cleanup(struct rq_qos *rqos, struct bio *bio); void __rq_qos_done(struct rq_qos *rqos, struct request *rq); void __rq_qos_issue(struct rq_qos *rqos, struct request *rq); void __rq_qos_requeue(struct rq_qos *rqos, struct request *rq); void __rq_qos_throttle(struct rq_qos *rqos, struct bio *bio); void __rq_qos_track(struct rq_qos *rqos, struct request *rq, struct bio *bio); void __rq_qos_merge(struct rq_qos *rqos, struct request *rq, struct bio *bio); void __rq_qos_done_bio(struct rq_qos *rqos, struct bio *bio); void __rq_qos_queue_depth_changed(struct rq_qos *rqos); static inline void rq_qos_cleanup(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio) { if (q->rq_qos) __rq_qos_cleanup(q->rq_qos, bio); } static inline void rq_qos_done(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq) { if (q->rq_qos) __rq_qos_done(q->rq_qos, rq); } static inline void rq_qos_issue(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq) { if (q->rq_qos) __rq_qos_issue(q->rq_qos, rq); } static inline void rq_qos_requeue(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq) { if (q->rq_qos) __rq_qos_requeue(q->rq_qos, rq); } static inline void rq_qos_done_bio(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio) { if (q->rq_qos) __rq_qos_done_bio(q->rq_qos, bio); } static inline void rq_qos_throttle(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio) { /* * BIO_TRACKED lets controllers know that a bio went through the * normal rq_qos path. */ bio_set_flag(bio, BIO_TRACKED); if (q->rq_qos) __rq_qos_throttle(q->rq_qos, bio); } static inline void rq_qos_track(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, struct bio *bio) { if (q->rq_qos) __rq_qos_track(q->rq_qos, rq, bio); } static inline void rq_qos_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, struct bio *bio) { if (q->rq_qos) __rq_qos_merge(q->rq_qos, rq, bio); } static inline void rq_qos_queue_depth_changed(struct request_queue *q) { if (q->rq_qos) __rq_qos_queue_depth_changed(q->rq_qos); } void rq_qos_exit(struct request_queue *); #endif
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#define EMe(a,b) TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(a); #define WB_WORK_REASON \ EM( WB_REASON_BACKGROUND, "background") \ EM( WB_REASON_VMSCAN, "vmscan") \ EM( WB_REASON_SYNC, "sync") \ EM( WB_REASON_PERIODIC, "periodic") \ EM( WB_REASON_LAPTOP_TIMER, "laptop_timer") \ EM( WB_REASON_FS_FREE_SPACE, "fs_free_space") \ EMe(WB_REASON_FORKER_THREAD, "forker_thread") WB_WORK_REASON /* * Now redefine the EM() and EMe() macros to map the enums to the strings * that will be printed in the output. */ #undef EM #undef EMe #define EM(a,b) { a, b }, #define EMe(a,b) { a, b } struct wb_writeback_work; DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(writeback_page_template, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping), TP_ARGS(page, mapping), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __array(char, name, 32) __field(ino_t, ino) __field(pgoff_t, index) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(mapping ? inode_to_bdi(mapping->host) : NULL), 32); __entry->ino = mapping ? mapping->host->i_ino : 0; __entry->index = page->index; ), TP_printk("bdi %s: ino=%lu index=%lu", __entry->name, (unsigned long)__entry->ino, __entry->index ) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_page_template, writeback_dirty_page, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping), TP_ARGS(page, mapping) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_page_template, wait_on_page_writeback, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping), TP_ARGS(page, mapping) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(writeback_dirty_inode_template, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, int flags), TP_ARGS(inode, flags), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __array(char, name, 32) __field(ino_t, ino) __field(unsigned long, state) __field(unsigned long, flags) ), TP_fast_assign( struct backing_dev_info *bdi = inode_to_bdi(inode); /* may be called for files on pseudo FSes w/ unregistered bdi */ strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(bdi), 32); __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->state = inode->i_state; __entry->flags = flags; ), TP_printk("bdi %s: ino=%lu state=%s flags=%s", __entry->name, (unsigned long)__entry->ino, show_inode_state(__entry->state), show_inode_state(__entry->flags) ) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_dirty_inode_template, writeback_mark_inode_dirty, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, int flags), TP_ARGS(inode, flags) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_dirty_inode_template, writeback_dirty_inode_start, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, int flags), TP_ARGS(inode, flags) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_dirty_inode_template, writeback_dirty_inode, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, int flags), TP_ARGS(inode, flags) ); #ifdef CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK static inline ino_t __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(struct bdi_writeback *wb) { return cgroup_ino(wb->memcg_css->cgroup); } static inline ino_t __trace_wbc_assign_cgroup(struct writeback_control *wbc) { if (wbc->wb) return __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(wbc->wb); else return 1; } #else /* CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK */ static inline ino_t __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(struct bdi_writeback *wb) { return 1; } static inline ino_t __trace_wbc_assign_cgroup(struct writeback_control *wbc) { return 1; } #endif /* CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK */ #endif /* CREATE_TRACE_POINTS */ #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK TRACE_EVENT(inode_foreign_history, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc, unsigned int history), TP_ARGS(inode, wbc, history), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(ino_t, ino) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) __field(unsigned int, history) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(inode_to_bdi(inode)), 32); __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wbc_assign_cgroup(wbc); __entry->history = history; ), TP_printk("bdi %s: ino=%lu cgroup_ino=%lu history=0x%x", __entry->name, (unsigned long)__entry->ino, (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino, __entry->history ) ); TRACE_EVENT(inode_switch_wbs, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct bdi_writeback *old_wb, struct bdi_writeback *new_wb), TP_ARGS(inode, old_wb, new_wb), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(ino_t, ino) __field(ino_t, old_cgroup_ino) __field(ino_t, new_cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(old_wb->bdi), 32); __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->old_cgroup_ino = __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(old_wb); __entry->new_cgroup_ino = __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(new_wb); ), TP_printk("bdi %s: ino=%lu old_cgroup_ino=%lu new_cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->name, (unsigned long)__entry->ino, (unsigned long)__entry->old_cgroup_ino, (unsigned long)__entry->new_cgroup_ino ) ); TRACE_EVENT(track_foreign_dirty, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, struct bdi_writeback *wb), TP_ARGS(page, wb), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(u64, bdi_id) __field(ino_t, ino) __field(unsigned int, memcg_id) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) __field(ino_t, page_cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( struct address_space *mapping = page_mapping(page); struct inode *inode = mapping ? mapping->host : NULL; strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(wb->bdi), 32); __entry->bdi_id = wb->bdi->id; __entry->ino = inode ? inode->i_ino : 0; __entry->memcg_id = wb->memcg_css->id; __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(wb); __entry->page_cgroup_ino = cgroup_ino(page->mem_cgroup->css.cgroup); ), TP_printk("bdi %s[%llu]: ino=%lu memcg_id=%u cgroup_ino=%lu page_cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->name, __entry->bdi_id, (unsigned long)__entry->ino, __entry->memcg_id, (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino, (unsigned long)__entry->page_cgroup_ino ) ); TRACE_EVENT(flush_foreign, TP_PROTO(struct bdi_writeback *wb, unsigned int frn_bdi_id, unsigned int frn_memcg_id), TP_ARGS(wb, frn_bdi_id, frn_memcg_id), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) __field(unsigned int, frn_bdi_id) __field(unsigned int, frn_memcg_id) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(wb->bdi), 32); __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(wb); __entry->frn_bdi_id = frn_bdi_id; __entry->frn_memcg_id = frn_memcg_id; ), TP_printk("bdi %s: cgroup_ino=%lu frn_bdi_id=%u frn_memcg_id=%u", __entry->name, (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino, __entry->frn_bdi_id, __entry->frn_memcg_id ) ); #endif DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(writeback_write_inode_template, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc), TP_ARGS(inode, wbc), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __array(char, name, 32) __field(ino_t, ino) __field(int, sync_mode) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(inode_to_bdi(inode)), 32); __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->sync_mode = wbc->sync_mode; __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wbc_assign_cgroup(wbc); ), TP_printk("bdi %s: ino=%lu sync_mode=%d cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->name, (unsigned long)__entry->ino, __entry->sync_mode, (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino ) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_write_inode_template, writeback_write_inode_start, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc), TP_ARGS(inode, wbc) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_write_inode_template, writeback_write_inode, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc), TP_ARGS(inode, wbc) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(writeback_work_class, TP_PROTO(struct bdi_writeback *wb, struct wb_writeback_work *work), TP_ARGS(wb, work), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(long, nr_pages) __field(dev_t, sb_dev) __field(int, sync_mode) __field(int, for_kupdate) __field(int, range_cyclic) __field(int, for_background) __field(int, reason) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(wb->bdi), 32); __entry->nr_pages = work->nr_pages; __entry->sb_dev = work->sb ? work->sb->s_dev : 0; __entry->sync_mode = work->sync_mode; __entry->for_kupdate = work->for_kupdate; __entry->range_cyclic = work->range_cyclic; __entry->for_background = work->for_background; __entry->reason = work->reason; __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(wb); ), TP_printk("bdi %s: sb_dev %d:%d nr_pages=%ld sync_mode=%d " "kupdate=%d range_cyclic=%d background=%d reason=%s cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->name, MAJOR(__entry->sb_dev), MINOR(__entry->sb_dev), __entry->nr_pages, __entry->sync_mode, __entry->for_kupdate, __entry->range_cyclic, __entry->for_background, __print_symbolic(__entry->reason, WB_WORK_REASON), (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino ) ); #define DEFINE_WRITEBACK_WORK_EVENT(name) \ DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_work_class, name, \ TP_PROTO(struct bdi_writeback *wb, struct wb_writeback_work *work), \ TP_ARGS(wb, work)) DEFINE_WRITEBACK_WORK_EVENT(writeback_queue); DEFINE_WRITEBACK_WORK_EVENT(writeback_exec); DEFINE_WRITEBACK_WORK_EVENT(writeback_start); DEFINE_WRITEBACK_WORK_EVENT(writeback_written); DEFINE_WRITEBACK_WORK_EVENT(writeback_wait); TRACE_EVENT(writeback_pages_written, TP_PROTO(long pages_written), TP_ARGS(pages_written), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(long, pages) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pages = pages_written; ), TP_printk("%ld", __entry->pages) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(writeback_class, TP_PROTO(struct bdi_writeback *wb), TP_ARGS(wb), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(wb->bdi), 32); __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(wb); ), TP_printk("bdi %s: cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->name, (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino ) ); #define DEFINE_WRITEBACK_EVENT(name) \ DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_class, name, \ TP_PROTO(struct bdi_writeback *wb), \ TP_ARGS(wb)) DEFINE_WRITEBACK_EVENT(writeback_wake_background); TRACE_EVENT(writeback_bdi_register, TP_PROTO(struct backing_dev_info *bdi), TP_ARGS(bdi), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(bdi), 32); ), TP_printk("bdi %s", __entry->name ) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(wbc_class, TP_PROTO(struct writeback_control *wbc, struct backing_dev_info *bdi), TP_ARGS(wbc, bdi), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(long, nr_to_write) __field(long, pages_skipped) __field(int, sync_mode) __field(int, for_kupdate) __field(int, for_background) __field(int, for_reclaim) __field(int, range_cyclic) __field(long, range_start) __field(long, range_end) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(bdi), 32); __entry->nr_to_write = wbc->nr_to_write; __entry->pages_skipped = wbc->pages_skipped; __entry->sync_mode = wbc->sync_mode; __entry->for_kupdate = wbc->for_kupdate; __entry->for_background = wbc->for_background; __entry->for_reclaim = wbc->for_reclaim; __entry->range_cyclic = wbc->range_cyclic; __entry->range_start = (long)wbc->range_start; __entry->range_end = (long)wbc->range_end; __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wbc_assign_cgroup(wbc); ), TP_printk("bdi %s: towrt=%ld skip=%ld mode=%d kupd=%d " "bgrd=%d reclm=%d cyclic=%d " "start=0x%lx end=0x%lx cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->name, __entry->nr_to_write, __entry->pages_skipped, __entry->sync_mode, __entry->for_kupdate, __entry->for_background, __entry->for_reclaim, __entry->range_cyclic, __entry->range_start, __entry->range_end, (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino ) ) #define DEFINE_WBC_EVENT(name) \ DEFINE_EVENT(wbc_class, name, \ TP_PROTO(struct writeback_control *wbc, struct backing_dev_info *bdi), \ TP_ARGS(wbc, bdi)) DEFINE_WBC_EVENT(wbc_writepage); TRACE_EVENT(writeback_queue_io, TP_PROTO(struct bdi_writeback *wb, struct wb_writeback_work *work, unsigned long dirtied_before, int moved), TP_ARGS(wb, work, dirtied_before, moved), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(unsigned long, older) __field(long, age) __field(int, moved) __field(int, reason) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(wb->bdi), 32); __entry->older = dirtied_before; __entry->age = (jiffies - dirtied_before) * 1000 / HZ; __entry->moved = moved; __entry->reason = work->reason; __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(wb); ), TP_printk("bdi %s: older=%lu age=%ld enqueue=%d reason=%s cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->name, __entry->older, /* dirtied_before in jiffies */ __entry->age, /* dirtied_before in relative milliseconds */ __entry->moved, __print_symbolic(__entry->reason, WB_WORK_REASON), (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino ) ); TRACE_EVENT(global_dirty_state, TP_PROTO(unsigned long background_thresh, unsigned long dirty_thresh ), TP_ARGS(background_thresh, dirty_thresh ), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned long, nr_dirty) __field(unsigned long, nr_writeback) __field(unsigned long, background_thresh) __field(unsigned long, dirty_thresh) __field(unsigned long, dirty_limit) __field(unsigned long, nr_dirtied) __field(unsigned long, nr_written) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nr_dirty = global_node_page_state(NR_FILE_DIRTY); __entry->nr_writeback = global_node_page_state(NR_WRITEBACK); __entry->nr_dirtied = global_node_page_state(NR_DIRTIED); __entry->nr_written = global_node_page_state(NR_WRITTEN); __entry->background_thresh = background_thresh; __entry->dirty_thresh = dirty_thresh; __entry->dirty_limit = global_wb_domain.dirty_limit; ), TP_printk("dirty=%lu writeback=%lu " "bg_thresh=%lu thresh=%lu limit=%lu " "dirtied=%lu written=%lu", __entry->nr_dirty, __entry->nr_writeback, __entry->background_thresh, __entry->dirty_thresh, __entry->dirty_limit, __entry->nr_dirtied, __entry->nr_written ) ); #define KBps(x) ((x) << (PAGE_SHIFT - 10)) TRACE_EVENT(bdi_dirty_ratelimit, TP_PROTO(struct bdi_writeback *wb, unsigned long dirty_rate, unsigned long task_ratelimit), TP_ARGS(wb, dirty_rate, task_ratelimit), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, bdi, 32) __field(unsigned long, write_bw) __field(unsigned long, avg_write_bw) __field(unsigned long, dirty_rate) __field(unsigned long, dirty_ratelimit) __field(unsigned long, task_ratelimit) __field(unsigned long, balanced_dirty_ratelimit) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->bdi, bdi_dev_name(wb->bdi), 32); __entry->write_bw = KBps(wb->write_bandwidth); __entry->avg_write_bw = KBps(wb->avg_write_bandwidth); __entry->dirty_rate = KBps(dirty_rate); __entry->dirty_ratelimit = KBps(wb->dirty_ratelimit); __entry->task_ratelimit = KBps(task_ratelimit); __entry->balanced_dirty_ratelimit = KBps(wb->balanced_dirty_ratelimit); __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(wb); ), TP_printk("bdi %s: " "write_bw=%lu awrite_bw=%lu dirty_rate=%lu " "dirty_ratelimit=%lu task_ratelimit=%lu " "balanced_dirty_ratelimit=%lu cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->bdi, __entry->write_bw, /* write bandwidth */ __entry->avg_write_bw, /* avg write bandwidth */ __entry->dirty_rate, /* bdi dirty rate */ __entry->dirty_ratelimit, /* base ratelimit */ __entry->task_ratelimit, /* ratelimit with position control */ __entry->balanced_dirty_ratelimit, /* the balanced ratelimit */ (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino ) ); TRACE_EVENT(balance_dirty_pages, TP_PROTO(struct bdi_writeback *wb, unsigned long thresh, unsigned long bg_thresh, unsigned long dirty, unsigned long bdi_thresh, unsigned long bdi_dirty, unsigned long dirty_ratelimit, unsigned long task_ratelimit, unsigned long dirtied, unsigned long period, long pause, unsigned long start_time), TP_ARGS(wb, thresh, bg_thresh, dirty, bdi_thresh, bdi_dirty, dirty_ratelimit, task_ratelimit, dirtied, period, pause, start_time), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, bdi, 32) __field(unsigned long, limit) __field(unsigned long, setpoint) __field(unsigned long, dirty) __field(unsigned long, bdi_setpoint) __field(unsigned long, bdi_dirty) __field(unsigned long, dirty_ratelimit) __field(unsigned long, task_ratelimit) __field(unsigned int, dirtied) __field(unsigned int, dirtied_pause) __field(unsigned long, paused) __field( long, pause) __field(unsigned long, period) __field( long, think) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( unsigned long freerun = (thresh + bg_thresh) / 2; strscpy_pad(__entry->bdi, bdi_dev_name(wb->bdi), 32); __entry->limit = global_wb_domain.dirty_limit; __entry->setpoint = (global_wb_domain.dirty_limit + freerun) / 2; __entry->dirty = dirty; __entry->bdi_setpoint = __entry->setpoint * bdi_thresh / (thresh + 1); __entry->bdi_dirty = bdi_dirty; __entry->dirty_ratelimit = KBps(dirty_ratelimit); __entry->task_ratelimit = KBps(task_ratelimit); __entry->dirtied = dirtied; __entry->dirtied_pause = current->nr_dirtied_pause; __entry->think = current->dirty_paused_when == 0 ? 0 : (long)(jiffies - current->dirty_paused_when) * 1000/HZ; __entry->period = period * 1000 / HZ; __entry->pause = pause * 1000 / HZ; __entry->paused = (jiffies - start_time) * 1000 / HZ; __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(wb); ), TP_printk("bdi %s: " "limit=%lu setpoint=%lu dirty=%lu " "bdi_setpoint=%lu bdi_dirty=%lu " "dirty_ratelimit=%lu task_ratelimit=%lu " "dirtied=%u dirtied_pause=%u " "paused=%lu pause=%ld period=%lu think=%ld cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->bdi, __entry->limit, __entry->setpoint, __entry->dirty, __entry->bdi_setpoint, __entry->bdi_dirty, __entry->dirty_ratelimit, __entry->task_ratelimit, __entry->dirtied, __entry->dirtied_pause, __entry->paused, /* ms */ __entry->pause, /* ms */ __entry->period, /* ms */ __entry->think, /* ms */ (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino ) ); TRACE_EVENT(writeback_sb_inodes_requeue, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode), TP_ARGS(inode), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(ino_t, ino) __field(unsigned long, state) __field(unsigned long, dirtied_when) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(inode_to_bdi(inode)), 32); __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->state = inode->i_state; __entry->dirtied_when = inode->dirtied_when; __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wb_assign_cgroup(inode_to_wb(inode)); ), TP_printk("bdi %s: ino=%lu state=%s dirtied_when=%lu age=%lu cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->name, (unsigned long)__entry->ino, show_inode_state(__entry->state), __entry->dirtied_when, (jiffies - __entry->dirtied_when) / HZ, (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino ) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(writeback_congest_waited_template, TP_PROTO(unsigned int usec_timeout, unsigned int usec_delayed), TP_ARGS(usec_timeout, usec_delayed), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned int, usec_timeout ) __field( unsigned int, usec_delayed ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->usec_timeout = usec_timeout; __entry->usec_delayed = usec_delayed; ), TP_printk("usec_timeout=%u usec_delayed=%u", __entry->usec_timeout, __entry->usec_delayed) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_congest_waited_template, writeback_congestion_wait, TP_PROTO(unsigned int usec_timeout, unsigned int usec_delayed), TP_ARGS(usec_timeout, usec_delayed) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_congest_waited_template, writeback_wait_iff_congested, TP_PROTO(unsigned int usec_timeout, unsigned int usec_delayed), TP_ARGS(usec_timeout, usec_delayed) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(writeback_single_inode_template, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc, unsigned long nr_to_write ), TP_ARGS(inode, wbc, nr_to_write), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(ino_t, ino) __field(unsigned long, state) __field(unsigned long, dirtied_when) __field(unsigned long, writeback_index) __field(long, nr_to_write) __field(unsigned long, wrote) __field(ino_t, cgroup_ino) ), TP_fast_assign( strscpy_pad(__entry->name, bdi_dev_name(inode_to_bdi(inode)), 32); __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->state = inode->i_state; __entry->dirtied_when = inode->dirtied_when; __entry->writeback_index = inode->i_mapping->writeback_index; __entry->nr_to_write = nr_to_write; __entry->wrote = nr_to_write - wbc->nr_to_write; __entry->cgroup_ino = __trace_wbc_assign_cgroup(wbc); ), TP_printk("bdi %s: ino=%lu state=%s dirtied_when=%lu age=%lu " "index=%lu to_write=%ld wrote=%lu cgroup_ino=%lu", __entry->name, (unsigned long)__entry->ino, show_inode_state(__entry->state), __entry->dirtied_when, (jiffies - __entry->dirtied_when) / HZ, __entry->writeback_index, __entry->nr_to_write, __entry->wrote, (unsigned long)__entry->cgroup_ino ) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_single_inode_template, writeback_single_inode_start, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc, unsigned long nr_to_write), TP_ARGS(inode, wbc, nr_to_write) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_single_inode_template, writeback_single_inode, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc, unsigned long nr_to_write), TP_ARGS(inode, wbc, nr_to_write) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(writeback_inode_template, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode), TP_ARGS(inode), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field(unsigned long, state ) __field( __u16, mode ) __field(unsigned long, dirtied_when ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->state = inode->i_state; __entry->mode = inode->i_mode; __entry->dirtied_when = inode->dirtied_when; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu dirtied %lu state %s mode 0%o", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long)__entry->ino, __entry->dirtied_when, show_inode_state(__entry->state), __entry->mode) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_inode_template, writeback_lazytime, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode), TP_ARGS(inode) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_inode_template, writeback_lazytime_iput, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode), TP_ARGS(inode) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_inode_template, writeback_dirty_inode_enqueue, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode), TP_ARGS(inode) ); /* * Inode writeback list tracking. */ DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_inode_template, sb_mark_inode_writeback, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode), TP_ARGS(inode) ); DEFINE_EVENT(writeback_inode_template, sb_clear_inode_writeback, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode), TP_ARGS(inode) ); #endif /* _TRACE_WRITEBACK_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* Freezer declarations */ #ifndef FREEZER_H_INCLUDED #define FREEZER_H_INCLUDED #include <linux/debug_locks.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #ifdef CONFIG_FREEZER extern atomic_t system_freezing_cnt; /* nr of freezing conds in effect */ extern bool pm_freezing; /* PM freezing in effect */ extern bool pm_nosig_freezing; /* PM nosig freezing in effect */ /* * Timeout for stopping processes */ extern unsigned int freeze_timeout_msecs; /* * Check if a process has been frozen */ static inline bool frozen(struct task_struct *p) { return p->flags & PF_FROZEN; } extern bool freezing_slow_path(struct task_struct *p); /* * Check if there is a request to freeze a process */ static inline bool freezing(struct task_struct *p) { if (likely(!atomic_read(&system_freezing_cnt))) return false; return freezing_slow_path(p); } /* Takes and releases task alloc lock using task_lock() */ extern void __thaw_task(struct task_struct *t); extern bool __refrigerator(bool check_kthr_stop); extern int freeze_processes(void); extern int freeze_kernel_threads(void); extern void thaw_processes(void); extern void thaw_kernel_threads(void); /* * DO NOT ADD ANY NEW CALLERS OF THIS FUNCTION * If try_to_freeze causes a lockdep warning it means the caller may deadlock */ static inline bool try_to_freeze_unsafe(void) { might_sleep(); if (likely(!freezing(current))) return false; return __refrigerator(false); } static inline bool try_to_freeze(void) { if (!(current->flags & PF_NOFREEZE)) debug_check_no_locks_held(); return try_to_freeze_unsafe(); } extern bool freeze_task(struct task_struct *p); extern bool set_freezable(void); #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_FREEZER extern bool cgroup_freezing(struct task_struct *task); #else /* !CONFIG_CGROUP_FREEZER */ static inline bool cgroup_freezing(struct task_struct *task) { return false; } #endif /* !CONFIG_CGROUP_FREEZER */ /* * The PF_FREEZER_SKIP flag should be set by a vfork parent right before it * calls wait_for_completion(&vfork) and reset right after it returns from this * function. Next, the parent should call try_to_freeze() to freeze itself * appropriately in case the child has exited before the freezing of tasks is * complete. However, we don't want kernel threads to be frozen in unexpected * places, so we allow them to block freeze_processes() instead or to set * PF_NOFREEZE if needed. Fortunately, in the ____call_usermodehelper() case the * parent won't really block freeze_processes(), since ____call_usermodehelper() * (the child) does a little before exec/exit and it can't be frozen before * waking up the parent. */ /** * freezer_do_not_count - tell freezer to ignore %current * * Tell freezers to ignore the current task when determining whether the * target frozen state is reached. IOW, the current task will be * considered frozen enough by freezers. * * The caller shouldn't do anything which isn't allowed for a frozen task * until freezer_cont() is called. Usually, freezer[_do_not]_count() pair * wrap a scheduling operation and nothing much else. */ static inline void freezer_do_not_count(void) { current->flags |= PF_FREEZER_SKIP; } /** * freezer_count - tell freezer to stop ignoring %current * * Undo freezer_do_not_count(). It tells freezers that %current should be * considered again and tries to freeze if freezing condition is already in * effect. */ static inline void freezer_count(void) { current->flags &= ~PF_FREEZER_SKIP; /* * If freezing is in progress, the following paired with smp_mb() * in freezer_should_skip() ensures that either we see %true * freezing() or freezer_should_skip() sees !PF_FREEZER_SKIP. */ smp_mb(); try_to_freeze(); } /* DO NOT ADD ANY NEW CALLERS OF THIS FUNCTION */ static inline void freezer_count_unsafe(void) { current->flags &= ~PF_FREEZER_SKIP; smp_mb(); try_to_freeze_unsafe(); } /** * freezer_should_skip - whether to skip a task when determining frozen * state is reached * @p: task in quesion * * This function is used by freezers after establishing %true freezing() to * test whether a task should be skipped when determining the target frozen * state is reached. IOW, if this function returns %true, @p is considered * frozen enough. */ static inline bool freezer_should_skip(struct task_struct *p) { /* * The following smp_mb() paired with the one in freezer_count() * ensures that either freezer_count() sees %true freezing() or we * see cleared %PF_FREEZER_SKIP and return %false. This makes it * impossible for a task to slip frozen state testing after * clearing %PF_FREEZER_SKIP. */ smp_mb(); return p->flags & PF_FREEZER_SKIP; } /* * These functions are intended to be used whenever you want allow a sleeping * task to be frozen. Note that neither return any clear indication of * whether a freeze event happened while in this function. */ /* Like schedule(), but should not block the freezer. */ static inline void freezable_schedule(void) { freezer_do_not_count(); schedule(); freezer_count(); } /* DO NOT ADD ANY NEW CALLERS OF THIS FUNCTION */ static inline void freezable_schedule_unsafe(void) { freezer_do_not_count(); schedule(); freezer_count_unsafe(); } /* * Like schedule_timeout(), but should not block the freezer. Do not * call this with locks held. */ static inline long freezable_schedule_timeout(long timeout) { long __retval; freezer_do_not_count(); __retval = schedule_timeout(timeout); freezer_count(); return __retval; } /* * Like schedule_timeout_interruptible(), but should not block the freezer. Do not * call this with locks held. */ static inline long freezable_schedule_timeout_interruptible(long timeout) { long __retval; freezer_do_not_count(); __retval = schedule_timeout_interruptible(timeout); freezer_count(); return __retval; } /* DO NOT ADD ANY NEW CALLERS OF THIS FUNCTION */ static inline long freezable_schedule_timeout_interruptible_unsafe(long timeout) { long __retval; freezer_do_not_count(); __retval = schedule_timeout_interruptible(timeout); freezer_count_unsafe(); return __retval; } /* Like schedule_timeout_killable(), but should not block the freezer. */ static inline long freezable_schedule_timeout_killable(long timeout) { long __retval; freezer_do_not_count(); __retval = schedule_timeout_killable(timeout); freezer_count(); return __retval; } /* DO NOT ADD ANY NEW CALLERS OF THIS FUNCTION */ static inline long freezable_schedule_timeout_killable_unsafe(long timeout) { long __retval; freezer_do_not_count(); __retval = schedule_timeout_killable(timeout); freezer_count_unsafe(); return __retval; } /* * Like schedule_hrtimeout_range(), but should not block the freezer. Do not * call this with locks held. */ static inline int freezable_schedule_hrtimeout_range(ktime_t *expires, u64 delta, const enum hrtimer_mode mode) { int __retval; freezer_do_not_count(); __retval = schedule_hrtimeout_range(expires, delta, mode); freezer_count(); return __retval; } /* * Freezer-friendly wrappers around wait_event_interruptible(), * wait_event_killable() and wait_event_interruptible_timeout(), originally * defined in <linux/wait.h> */ /* DO NOT ADD ANY NEW CALLERS OF THIS FUNCTION */ #define wait_event_freezekillable_unsafe(wq, condition) \ ({ \ int __retval; \ freezer_do_not_count(); \ __retval = wait_event_killable(wq, (condition)); \ freezer_count_unsafe(); \ __retval; \ }) #else /* !CONFIG_FREEZER */ static inline bool frozen(struct task_struct *p) { return false; } static inline bool freezing(struct task_struct *p) { return false; } static inline void __thaw_task(struct task_struct *t) {} static inline bool __refrigerator(bool check_kthr_stop) { return false; } static inline int freeze_processes(void) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int freeze_kernel_threads(void) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline void thaw_processes(void) {} static inline void thaw_kernel_threads(void) {} static inline bool try_to_freeze_nowarn(void) { return false; } static inline bool try_to_freeze(void) { return false; } static inline void freezer_do_not_count(void) {} static inline void freezer_count(void) {} static inline int freezer_should_skip(struct task_struct *p) { return 0; } static inline void set_freezable(void) {} #define freezable_schedule() schedule() #define freezable_schedule_unsafe() schedule() #define freezable_schedule_timeout(timeout) schedule_timeout(timeout) #define freezable_schedule_timeout_interruptible(timeout) \ schedule_timeout_interruptible(timeout) #define freezable_schedule_timeout_interruptible_unsafe(timeout) \ schedule_timeout_interruptible(timeout) #define freezable_schedule_timeout_killable(timeout) \ schedule_timeout_killable(timeout) #define freezable_schedule_timeout_killable_unsafe(timeout) \ schedule_timeout_killable(timeout) #define freezable_schedule_hrtimeout_range(expires, delta, mode) \ schedule_hrtimeout_range(expires, delta, mode) #define wait_event_freezekillable_unsafe(wq, condition) \ wait_event_killable(wq, condition) #endif /* !CONFIG_FREEZER */ #endif /* FREEZER_H_INCLUDED */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM qdisc #if !defined(_TRACE_QDISC_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_QDISC_H #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <linux/ftrace.h> #include <linux/pkt_sched.h> #include <net/sch_generic.h> TRACE_EVENT(qdisc_dequeue, TP_PROTO(struct Qdisc *qdisc, const struct netdev_queue *txq, int packets, struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(qdisc, txq, packets, skb), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( struct Qdisc *, qdisc ) __field(const struct netdev_queue *, txq ) __field( int, packets ) __field( void *, skbaddr ) __field( int, ifindex ) __field( u32, handle ) __field( u32, parent ) __field( unsigned long, txq_state) ), /* skb==NULL indicate packets dequeued was 0, even when packets==1 */ TP_fast_assign( __entry->qdisc = qdisc; __entry->txq = txq; __entry->packets = skb ? packets : 0; __entry->skbaddr = skb; __entry->ifindex = txq->dev ? txq->dev->ifindex : 0; __entry->handle = qdisc->handle; __entry->parent = qdisc->parent; __entry->txq_state = txq->state; ), TP_printk("dequeue ifindex=%d qdisc handle=0x%X parent=0x%X txq_state=0x%lX packets=%d skbaddr=%p", __entry->ifindex, __entry->handle, __entry->parent, __entry->txq_state, __entry->packets, __entry->skbaddr ) ); TRACE_EVENT(qdisc_reset, TP_PROTO(struct Qdisc *q), TP_ARGS(q), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( dev, qdisc_dev(q) ) __string( kind, q->ops->id ) __field( u32, parent ) __field( u32, handle ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(dev, qdisc_dev(q)); __assign_str(kind, q->ops->id); __entry->parent = q->parent; __entry->handle = q->handle; ), TP_printk("dev=%s kind=%s parent=%x:%x handle=%x:%x", __get_str(dev), __get_str(kind), TC_H_MAJ(__entry->parent) >> 16, TC_H_MIN(__entry->parent), TC_H_MAJ(__entry->handle) >> 16, TC_H_MIN(__entry->handle)) ); TRACE_EVENT(qdisc_destroy, TP_PROTO(struct Qdisc *q), TP_ARGS(q), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( dev, qdisc_dev(q) ) __string( kind, q->ops->id ) __field( u32, parent ) __field( u32, handle ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(dev, qdisc_dev(q)); __assign_str(kind, q->ops->id); __entry->parent = q->parent; __entry->handle = q->handle; ), TP_printk("dev=%s kind=%s parent=%x:%x handle=%x:%x", __get_str(dev), __get_str(kind), TC_H_MAJ(__entry->parent) >> 16, TC_H_MIN(__entry->parent), TC_H_MAJ(__entry->handle) >> 16, TC_H_MIN(__entry->handle)) ); TRACE_EVENT(qdisc_create, TP_PROTO(const struct Qdisc_ops *ops, struct net_device *dev, u32 parent), TP_ARGS(ops, dev, parent), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( dev, dev->name ) __string( kind, ops->id ) __field( u32, parent ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(dev, dev->name); __assign_str(kind, ops->id); __entry->parent = parent; ), TP_printk("dev=%s kind=%s parent=%x:%x", __get_str(dev), __get_str(kind), TC_H_MAJ(__entry->parent) >> 16, TC_H_MIN(__entry->parent)) ); #endif /* _TRACE_QDISC_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_HIGHMEM_H #define _LINUX_HIGHMEM_H #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/hardirq.h> #include <asm/cacheflush.h> #ifndef ARCH_HAS_FLUSH_ANON_PAGE static inline void flush_anon_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page *page, unsigned long vmaddr) { } #endif #ifndef ARCH_HAS_FLUSH_KERNEL_DCACHE_PAGE static inline void flush_kernel_dcache_page(struct page *page) { } static inline void flush_kernel_vmap_range(void *vaddr, int size) { } static inline void invalidate_kernel_vmap_range(void *vaddr, int size) { } #endif #include <asm/kmap_types.h> #ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM extern void *kmap_atomic_high_prot(struct page *page, pgprot_t prot); extern void kunmap_atomic_high(void *kvaddr); #include <asm/highmem.h> #ifndef ARCH_HAS_KMAP_FLUSH_TLB static inline void kmap_flush_tlb(unsigned long addr) { } #endif #ifndef kmap_prot #define kmap_prot PAGE_KERNEL #endif void *kmap_high(struct page *page); static inline void *kmap(struct page *page) { void *addr; might_sleep(); if (!PageHighMem(page)) addr = page_address(page); else addr = kmap_high(page); kmap_flush_tlb((unsigned long)addr); return addr; } void kunmap_high(struct page *page); static inline void kunmap(struct page *page) { might_sleep(); if (!PageHighMem(page)) return; kunmap_high(page); } /* * kmap_atomic/kunmap_atomic is significantly faster than kmap/kunmap because * no global lock is needed and because the kmap code must perform a global TLB * invalidation when the kmap pool wraps. * * However when holding an atomic kmap it is not legal to sleep, so atomic * kmaps are appropriate for short, tight code paths only. * * The use of kmap_atomic/kunmap_atomic is discouraged - kmap/kunmap * gives a more generic (and caching) interface. But kmap_atomic can * be used in IRQ contexts, so in some (very limited) cases we need * it. */ static inline void *kmap_atomic_prot(struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { preempt_disable(); pagefault_disable(); if (!PageHighMem(page)) return page_address(page); return kmap_atomic_high_prot(page, prot); } #define kmap_atomic(page) kmap_atomic_prot(page, kmap_prot) /* declarations for linux/mm/highmem.c */ unsigned int nr_free_highpages(void); extern atomic_long_t _totalhigh_pages; static inline unsigned long totalhigh_pages(void) { return (unsigned long)atomic_long_read(&_totalhigh_pages); } static inline void totalhigh_pages_inc(void) { atomic_long_inc(&_totalhigh_pages); } static inline void totalhigh_pages_dec(void) { atomic_long_dec(&_totalhigh_pages); } static inline void totalhigh_pages_add(long count) { atomic_long_add(count, &_totalhigh_pages); } static inline void totalhigh_pages_set(long val) { atomic_long_set(&_totalhigh_pages, val); } void kmap_flush_unused(void); struct page *kmap_to_page(void *addr); #else /* CONFIG_HIGHMEM */ static inline unsigned int nr_free_highpages(void) { return 0; } static inline struct page *kmap_to_page(void *addr) { return virt_to_page(addr); } static inline unsigned long totalhigh_pages(void) { return 0UL; } static inline void *kmap(struct page *page) { might_sleep(); return page_address(page); } static inline void kunmap_high(struct page *page) { } static inline void kunmap(struct page *page) { #ifdef ARCH_HAS_FLUSH_ON_KUNMAP kunmap_flush_on_unmap(page_address(page)); #endif } static inline void *kmap_atomic(struct page *page) { preempt_disable(); pagefault_disable(); return page_address(page); } #define kmap_atomic_prot(page, prot) kmap_atomic(page) static inline void kunmap_atomic_high(void *addr) { /* * Mostly nothing to do in the CONFIG_HIGHMEM=n case as kunmap_atomic() * handles re-enabling faults + preemption */ #ifdef ARCH_HAS_FLUSH_ON_KUNMAP kunmap_flush_on_unmap(addr); #endif } #define kmap_atomic_pfn(pfn) kmap_atomic(pfn_to_page(pfn)) #define kmap_flush_unused() do {} while(0) #endif /* CONFIG_HIGHMEM */ #if defined(CONFIG_HIGHMEM) || defined(CONFIG_X86_32) DECLARE_PER_CPU(int, __kmap_atomic_idx); static inline int kmap_atomic_idx_push(void) { int idx = __this_cpu_inc_return(__kmap_atomic_idx) - 1; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_HIGHMEM WARN_ON_ONCE(in_irq() && !irqs_disabled()); BUG_ON(idx >= KM_TYPE_NR); #endif return idx; } static inline int kmap_atomic_idx(void) { return __this_cpu_read(__kmap_atomic_idx) - 1; } static inline void kmap_atomic_idx_pop(void) { #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_HIGHMEM int idx = __this_cpu_dec_return(__kmap_atomic_idx); BUG_ON(idx < 0); #else __this_cpu_dec(__kmap_atomic_idx); #endif } #endif /* * Prevent people trying to call kunmap_atomic() as if it were kunmap() * kunmap_atomic() should get the return value of kmap_atomic, not the page. */ #define kunmap_atomic(addr) \ do { \ BUILD_BUG_ON(__same_type((addr), struct page *)); \ kunmap_atomic_high(addr); \ pagefault_enable(); \ preempt_enable(); \ } while (0) /* when CONFIG_HIGHMEM is not set these will be plain clear/copy_page */ #ifndef clear_user_highpage static inline void clear_user_highpage(struct page *page, unsigned long vaddr) { void *addr = kmap_atomic(page); clear_user_page(addr, vaddr, page); kunmap_atomic(addr); } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_ALLOC_ZEROED_USER_HIGHPAGE /** * __alloc_zeroed_user_highpage - Allocate a zeroed HIGHMEM page for a VMA with caller-specified movable GFP flags * @movableflags: The GFP flags related to the pages future ability to move like __GFP_MOVABLE * @vma: The VMA the page is to be allocated for * @vaddr: The virtual address the page will be inserted into * * This function will allocate a page for a VMA but the caller is expected * to specify via movableflags whether the page will be movable in the * future or not * * An architecture may override this function by defining * __HAVE_ARCH_ALLOC_ZEROED_USER_HIGHPAGE and providing their own * implementation. */ static inline struct page * __alloc_zeroed_user_highpage(gfp_t movableflags, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long vaddr) { struct page *page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER | movableflags, vma, vaddr); if (page) clear_user_highpage(page, vaddr); return page; } #endif /** * alloc_zeroed_user_highpage_movable - Allocate a zeroed HIGHMEM page for a VMA that the caller knows can move * @vma: The VMA the page is to be allocated for * @vaddr: The virtual address the page will be inserted into * * This function will allocate a page for a VMA that the caller knows will * be able to migrate in the future using move_pages() or reclaimed */ static inline struct page * alloc_zeroed_user_highpage_movable(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long vaddr) { return __alloc_zeroed_user_highpage(__GFP_MOVABLE, vma, vaddr); } static inline void clear_highpage(struct page *page) { void *kaddr = kmap_atomic(page); clear_page(kaddr); kunmap_atomic(kaddr); } static inline void zero_user_segments(struct page *page, unsigned start1, unsigned end1, unsigned start2, unsigned end2) { void *kaddr = kmap_atomic(page); BUG_ON(end1 > PAGE_SIZE || end2 > PAGE_SIZE); if (end1 > start1) memset(kaddr + start1, 0, end1 - start1); if (end2 > start2) memset(kaddr + start2, 0, end2 - start2); kunmap_atomic(kaddr); flush_dcache_page(page); } static inline void zero_user_segment(struct page *page, unsigned start, unsigned end) { zero_user_segments(page, start, end, 0, 0); } static inline void zero_user(struct page *page, unsigned start, unsigned size) { zero_user_segments(page, start, start + size, 0, 0); } #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_COPY_USER_HIGHPAGE static inline void copy_user_highpage(struct page *to, struct page *from, unsigned long vaddr, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { char *vfrom, *vto; vfrom = kmap_atomic(from); vto = kmap_atomic(to); copy_user_page(vto, vfrom, vaddr, to); kunmap_atomic(vto); kunmap_atomic(vfrom); } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_COPY_HIGHPAGE static inline void copy_highpage(struct page *to, struct page *from) { char *vfrom, *vto; vfrom = kmap_atomic(from); vto = kmap_atomic(to); copy_page(vto, vfrom); kunmap_atomic(vto); kunmap_atomic(vfrom); } #endif #endif /* _LINUX_HIGHMEM_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _NET_FLOW_DISSECTOR_H #define _NET_FLOW_DISSECTOR_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/in6.h> #include <linux/siphash.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <uapi/linux/if_ether.h> struct bpf_prog; struct net; struct sk_buff; /** * struct flow_dissector_key_control: * @thoff: Transport header offset */ struct flow_dissector_key_control { u16 thoff; u16 addr_type; u32 flags; }; #define FLOW_DIS_IS_FRAGMENT BIT(0) #define FLOW_DIS_FIRST_FRAG BIT(1) #define FLOW_DIS_ENCAPSULATION BIT(2) enum flow_dissect_ret { FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_GOOD, FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_BAD, FLOW_DISSECT_RET_PROTO_AGAIN, FLOW_DISSECT_RET_IPPROTO_AGAIN, FLOW_DISSECT_RET_CONTINUE, }; /** * struct flow_dissector_key_basic: * @n_proto: Network header protocol (eg. IPv4/IPv6) * @ip_proto: Transport header protocol (eg. TCP/UDP) */ struct flow_dissector_key_basic { __be16 n_proto; u8 ip_proto; u8 padding; }; struct flow_dissector_key_tags { u32 flow_label; }; struct flow_dissector_key_vlan { union { struct { u16 vlan_id:12, vlan_dei:1, vlan_priority:3; }; __be16 vlan_tci; }; __be16 vlan_tpid; }; struct flow_dissector_mpls_lse { u32 mpls_ttl:8, mpls_bos:1, mpls_tc:3, mpls_label:20; }; #define FLOW_DIS_MPLS_MAX 7 struct flow_dissector_key_mpls { struct flow_dissector_mpls_lse ls[FLOW_DIS_MPLS_MAX]; /* Label Stack */ u8 used_lses; /* One bit set for each Label Stack Entry in use */ }; static inline void dissector_set_mpls_lse(struct flow_dissector_key_mpls *mpls, int lse_index) { mpls->used_lses |= 1 << lse_index; } #define FLOW_DIS_TUN_OPTS_MAX 255 /** * struct flow_dissector_key_enc_opts: * @data: tunnel option data * @len: length of tunnel option data * @dst_opt_type: tunnel option type */ struct flow_dissector_key_enc_opts { u8 data[FLOW_DIS_TUN_OPTS_MAX]; /* Using IP_TUNNEL_OPTS_MAX is desired * here but seems difficult to #include */ u8 len; __be16 dst_opt_type; }; struct flow_dissector_key_keyid { __be32 keyid; }; /** * struct flow_dissector_key_ipv4_addrs: * @src: source ip address * @dst: destination ip address */ struct flow_dissector_key_ipv4_addrs { /* (src,dst) must be grouped, in the same way than in IP header */ __be32 src; __be32 dst; }; /** * struct flow_dissector_key_ipv6_addrs: * @src: source ip address * @dst: destination ip address */ struct flow_dissector_key_ipv6_addrs { /* (src,dst) must be grouped, in the same way than in IP header */ struct in6_addr src; struct in6_addr dst; }; /** * struct flow_dissector_key_tipc: * @key: source node address combined with selector */ struct flow_dissector_key_tipc { __be32 key; }; /** * struct flow_dissector_key_addrs: * @v4addrs: IPv4 addresses * @v6addrs: IPv6 addresses */ struct flow_dissector_key_addrs { union { struct flow_dissector_key_ipv4_addrs v4addrs; struct flow_dissector_key_ipv6_addrs v6addrs; struct flow_dissector_key_tipc tipckey; }; }; /** * flow_dissector_key_arp: * @ports: Operation, source and target addresses for an ARP header * for Ethernet hardware addresses and IPv4 protocol addresses * sip: Sender IP address * tip: Target IP address * op: Operation * sha: Sender hardware address * tpa: Target hardware address */ struct flow_dissector_key_arp { __u32 sip; __u32 tip; __u8 op; unsigned char sha[ETH_ALEN]; unsigned char tha[ETH_ALEN]; }; /** * flow_dissector_key_tp_ports: * @ports: port numbers of Transport header * src: source port number * dst: destination port number */ struct flow_dissector_key_ports { union { __be32 ports; struct { __be16 src; __be16 dst; }; }; }; /** * flow_dissector_key_icmp: * type: ICMP type * code: ICMP code * id: session identifier */ struct flow_dissector_key_icmp { struct { u8 type; u8 code; }; u16 id; }; /** * struct flow_dissector_key_eth_addrs: * @src: source Ethernet address * @dst: destination Ethernet address */ struct flow_dissector_key_eth_addrs { /* (dst,src) must be grouped, in the same way than in ETH header */ unsigned char dst[ETH_ALEN]; unsigned char src[ETH_ALEN]; }; /** * struct flow_dissector_key_tcp: * @flags: flags */ struct flow_dissector_key_tcp { __be16 flags; }; /** * struct flow_dissector_key_ip: * @tos: tos * @ttl: ttl */ struct flow_dissector_key_ip { __u8 tos; __u8 ttl; }; /** * struct flow_dissector_key_meta: * @ingress_ifindex: ingress ifindex * @ingress_iftype: ingress interface type */ struct flow_dissector_key_meta { int ingress_ifindex; u16 ingress_iftype; }; /** * struct flow_dissector_key_ct: * @ct_state: conntrack state after converting with map * @ct_mark: conttrack mark * @ct_zone: conntrack zone * @ct_labels: conntrack labels */ struct flow_dissector_key_ct { u16 ct_state; u16 ct_zone; u32 ct_mark; u32 ct_labels[4]; }; /** * struct flow_dissector_key_hash: * @hash: hash value */ struct flow_dissector_key_hash { u32 hash; }; enum flow_dissector_key_id { FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_CONTROL, /* struct flow_dissector_key_control */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_BASIC, /* struct flow_dissector_key_basic */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV4_ADDRS, /* struct flow_dissector_key_ipv4_addrs */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV6_ADDRS, /* struct flow_dissector_key_ipv6_addrs */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_PORTS, /* struct flow_dissector_key_ports */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_PORTS_RANGE, /* struct flow_dissector_key_ports */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ICMP, /* struct flow_dissector_key_icmp */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ETH_ADDRS, /* struct flow_dissector_key_eth_addrs */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_TIPC, /* struct flow_dissector_key_tipc */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ARP, /* struct flow_dissector_key_arp */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_VLAN, /* struct flow_dissector_key_vlan */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_FLOW_LABEL, /* struct flow_dissector_key_tags */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_GRE_KEYID, /* struct flow_dissector_key_keyid */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_MPLS_ENTROPY, /* struct flow_dissector_key_keyid */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_KEYID, /* struct flow_dissector_key_keyid */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_IPV4_ADDRS, /* struct flow_dissector_key_ipv4_addrs */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_IPV6_ADDRS, /* struct flow_dissector_key_ipv6_addrs */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_CONTROL, /* struct flow_dissector_key_control */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_PORTS, /* struct flow_dissector_key_ports */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_MPLS, /* struct flow_dissector_key_mpls */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_TCP, /* struct flow_dissector_key_tcp */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IP, /* struct flow_dissector_key_ip */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_CVLAN, /* struct flow_dissector_key_vlan */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_IP, /* struct flow_dissector_key_ip */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_OPTS, /* struct flow_dissector_key_enc_opts */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_META, /* struct flow_dissector_key_meta */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_CT, /* struct flow_dissector_key_ct */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_HASH, /* struct flow_dissector_key_hash */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_MAX, }; #define FLOW_DISSECTOR_F_PARSE_1ST_FRAG BIT(0) #define FLOW_DISSECTOR_F_STOP_AT_FLOW_LABEL BIT(1) #define FLOW_DISSECTOR_F_STOP_AT_ENCAP BIT(2) struct flow_dissector_key { enum flow_dissector_key_id key_id; size_t offset; /* offset of struct flow_dissector_key_* in target the struct */ }; struct flow_dissector { unsigned int used_keys; /* each bit repesents presence of one key id */ unsigned short int offset[FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_MAX]; }; struct flow_keys_basic { struct flow_dissector_key_control control; struct flow_dissector_key_basic basic; }; struct flow_keys { struct flow_dissector_key_control control; #define FLOW_KEYS_HASH_START_FIELD basic struct flow_dissector_key_basic basic __aligned(SIPHASH_ALIGNMENT); struct flow_dissector_key_tags tags; struct flow_dissector_key_vlan vlan; struct flow_dissector_key_vlan cvlan; struct flow_dissector_key_keyid keyid; struct flow_dissector_key_ports ports; struct flow_dissector_key_icmp icmp; /* 'addrs' must be the last member */ struct flow_dissector_key_addrs addrs; }; #define FLOW_KEYS_HASH_OFFSET \ offsetof(struct flow_keys, FLOW_KEYS_HASH_START_FIELD) __be32 flow_get_u32_src(const struct flow_keys *flow); __be32 flow_get_u32_dst(const struct flow_keys *flow); extern struct flow_dissector flow_keys_dissector; extern struct flow_dissector flow_keys_basic_dissector; /* struct flow_keys_digest: * * This structure is used to hold a digest of the full flow keys. This is a * larger "hash" of a flow to allow definitively matching specific flows where * the 32 bit skb->hash is not large enough. The size is limited to 16 bytes so * that it can be used in CB of skb (see sch_choke for an example). */ #define FLOW_KEYS_DIGEST_LEN 16 struct flow_keys_digest { u8 data[FLOW_KEYS_DIGEST_LEN]; }; void make_flow_keys_digest(struct flow_keys_digest *digest, const struct flow_keys *flow); static inline bool flow_keys_have_l4(const struct flow_keys *keys) { return (keys->ports.ports || keys->tags.flow_label); } u32 flow_hash_from_keys(struct flow_keys *keys); void skb_flow_get_icmp_tci(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector_key_icmp *key_icmp, void *data, int thoff, int hlen); static inline bool dissector_uses_key(const struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, enum flow_dissector_key_id key_id) { return flow_dissector->used_keys & (1 << key_id); } static inline void *skb_flow_dissector_target(struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, enum flow_dissector_key_id key_id, void *target_container) { return ((char *)target_container) + flow_dissector->offset[key_id]; } struct bpf_flow_dissector { struct bpf_flow_keys *flow_keys; const struct sk_buff *skb; void *data; void *data_end; }; static inline void flow_dissector_init_keys(struct flow_dissector_key_control *key_control, struct flow_dissector_key_basic *key_basic) { memset(key_control, 0, sizeof(*key_control)); memset(key_basic, 0, sizeof(*key_basic)); } #ifdef CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL int flow_dissector_bpf_prog_attach_check(struct net *net, struct bpf_prog *prog); #endif /* CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL */ #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #include <linux/fsnotify_backend.h> #include <linux/inotify.h> #include <linux/slab.h> /* struct kmem_cache */ struct inotify_event_info { struct fsnotify_event fse; u32 mask; int wd; u32 sync_cookie; int name_len; char name[]; }; struct inotify_inode_mark { struct fsnotify_mark fsn_mark; int wd; }; static inline struct inotify_event_info *INOTIFY_E(struct fsnotify_event *fse) { return container_of(fse, struct inotify_event_info, fse); } extern void inotify_ignored_and_remove_idr(struct fsnotify_mark *fsn_mark, struct fsnotify_group *group); extern int inotify_handle_inode_event(struct fsnotify_mark *inode_mark, u32 mask, struct inode *inode, struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *name, u32 cookie); extern const struct fsnotify_ops inotify_fsnotify_ops; extern struct kmem_cache *inotify_inode_mark_cachep; #ifdef CONFIG_INOTIFY_USER static inline void dec_inotify_instances(struct ucounts *ucounts) { dec_ucount(ucounts, UCOUNT_INOTIFY_INSTANCES); } static inline struct ucounts *inc_inotify_watches(struct ucounts *ucounts) { return inc_ucount(ucounts->ns, ucounts->uid, UCOUNT_INOTIFY_WATCHES); } static inline void dec_inotify_watches(struct ucounts *ucounts) { dec_ucount(ucounts, UCOUNT_INOTIFY_WATCHES); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Released under the GPLv2 only. */ #include <linux/pm.h> #include <linux/acpi.h> struct usb_hub_descriptor; struct usb_dev_state; /* Functions local to drivers/usb/core/ */ extern int usb_create_sysfs_dev_files(struct usb_device *dev); extern void usb_remove_sysfs_dev_files(struct usb_device *dev); extern void usb_create_sysfs_intf_files(struct usb_interface *intf); extern void usb_remove_sysfs_intf_files(struct usb_interface *intf); extern int usb_create_ep_devs(struct device *parent, struct usb_host_endpoint *endpoint, struct usb_device *udev); extern void usb_remove_ep_devs(struct usb_host_endpoint *endpoint); extern void usb_enable_endpoint(struct usb_device *dev, struct usb_host_endpoint *ep, bool reset_toggle); extern void usb_enable_interface(struct usb_device *dev, struct usb_interface *intf, bool reset_toggles); extern void usb_disable_endpoint(struct usb_device *dev, unsigned int epaddr, bool reset_hardware); extern void usb_disable_interface(struct usb_device *dev, struct usb_interface *intf, bool reset_hardware); extern void usb_release_interface_cache(struct kref *ref); extern void usb_disable_device(struct usb_device *dev, int skip_ep0); extern int usb_deauthorize_device(struct usb_device *); extern int usb_authorize_device(struct usb_device *); extern void usb_deauthorize_interface(struct usb_interface *); extern void usb_authorize_interface(struct usb_interface *); extern void usb_detect_quirks(struct usb_device *udev); extern void usb_detect_interface_quirks(struct usb_device *udev); extern void usb_release_quirk_list(void); extern bool usb_endpoint_is_ignored(struct usb_device *udev, struct usb_host_interface *intf, struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd); extern int usb_remove_device(struct usb_device *udev); extern int usb_get_device_descriptor(struct usb_device *dev, unsigned int size); extern int usb_set_isoch_delay(struct usb_device *dev); extern int usb_get_bos_descriptor(struct usb_device *dev); extern void usb_release_bos_descriptor(struct usb_device *dev); extern char *usb_cache_string(struct usb_device *udev, int index); extern int usb_set_configuration(struct usb_device *dev, int configuration); extern int usb_choose_configuration(struct usb_device *udev); extern int usb_generic_driver_probe(struct usb_device *udev); extern void usb_generic_driver_disconnect(struct usb_device *udev); extern int usb_generic_driver_suspend(struct usb_device *udev, pm_message_t msg); extern int usb_generic_driver_resume(struct usb_device *udev, pm_message_t msg); static inline unsigned usb_get_max_power(struct usb_device *udev, struct usb_host_config *c) { /* SuperSpeed power is in 8 mA units; others are in 2 mA units */ unsigned mul = (udev->speed >= USB_SPEED_SUPER ? 8 : 2); return c->desc.bMaxPower * mul; } extern void usb_kick_hub_wq(struct usb_device *dev); extern int usb_match_one_id_intf(struct usb_device *dev, struct usb_host_interface *intf, const struct usb_device_id *id); extern int usb_match_device(struct usb_device *dev, const struct usb_device_id *id); extern const struct usb_device_id *usb_device_match_id(struct usb_device *udev, const struct usb_device_id *id); extern bool usb_driver_applicable(struct usb_device *udev, struct usb_device_driver *udrv); extern void usb_forced_unbind_intf(struct usb_interface *intf); extern void usb_unbind_and_rebind_marked_interfaces(struct usb_device *udev); extern void usb_hub_release_all_ports(struct usb_device *hdev, struct usb_dev_state *owner); extern bool usb_device_is_owned(struct usb_device *udev); extern int usb_hub_init(void); extern void usb_hub_cleanup(void); extern int usb_major_init(void); extern void usb_major_cleanup(void); extern int usb_device_supports_lpm(struct usb_device *udev); extern int usb_port_disable(struct usb_device *udev); #ifdef CONFIG_PM extern int usb_suspend(struct device *dev, pm_message_t msg); extern int usb_resume(struct device *dev, pm_message_t msg); extern int usb_resume_complete(struct device *dev); extern int usb_port_suspend(struct usb_device *dev, pm_message_t msg); extern int usb_port_resume(struct usb_device *dev, pm_message_t msg); extern void usb_autosuspend_device(struct usb_device *udev); extern int usb_autoresume_device(struct usb_device *udev); extern int usb_remote_wakeup(struct usb_device *dev); extern int usb_runtime_suspend(struct device *dev); extern int usb_runtime_resume(struct device *dev); extern int usb_runtime_idle(struct device *dev); extern int usb_enable_usb2_hardware_lpm(struct usb_device *udev); extern int usb_disable_usb2_hardware_lpm(struct usb_device *udev); extern void usbfs_notify_suspend(struct usb_device *udev); extern void usbfs_notify_resume(struct usb_device *udev); #else static inline int usb_port_suspend(struct usb_device *udev, pm_message_t msg) { return 0; } static inline int usb_port_resume(struct usb_device *udev, pm_message_t msg) { return 0; } #define usb_autosuspend_device(udev) do {} while (0) static inline int usb_autoresume_device(struct usb_device *udev) { return 0; } static inline int usb_enable_usb2_hardware_lpm(struct usb_device *udev) { return 0; } static inline int usb_disable_usb2_hardware_lpm(struct usb_device *udev) { return 0; } #endif extern struct bus_type usb_bus_type; extern struct mutex usb_port_peer_mutex; extern struct device_type usb_device_type; extern struct device_type usb_if_device_type; extern struct device_type usb_ep_device_type; extern struct device_type usb_port_device_type; extern struct usb_device_driver usb_generic_driver; static inline int is_usb_device(const struct device *dev) { return dev->type == &usb_device_type; } static inline int is_usb_interface(const struct device *dev) { return dev->type == &usb_if_device_type; } static inline int is_usb_endpoint(const struct device *dev) { return dev->type == &usb_ep_device_type; } static inline int is_usb_port(const struct device *dev) { return dev->type == &usb_port_device_type; } static inline int is_root_hub(struct usb_device *udev) { return (udev->parent == NULL); } /* Do the same for device drivers and interface drivers. */ static inline int is_usb_device_driver(struct device_driver *drv) { return container_of(drv, struct usbdrv_wrap, driver)-> for_devices; } /* for labeling diagnostics */ extern const char *usbcore_name; /* sysfs stuff */ extern const struct attribute_group *usb_device_groups[]; extern const struct attribute_group *usb_interface_groups[]; /* usbfs stuff */ extern struct usb_driver usbfs_driver; extern const struct file_operations usbfs_devices_fops; extern const struct file_operations usbdev_file_operations; extern int usb_devio_init(void); extern void usb_devio_cleanup(void); /* * Firmware specific cookie identifying a port's location. '0' == no location * data available */ typedef u32 usb_port_location_t; /* internal notify stuff */ extern void usb_notify_add_device(struct usb_device *udev); extern void usb_notify_remove_device(struct usb_device *udev); extern void usb_notify_add_bus(struct usb_bus *ubus); extern void usb_notify_remove_bus(struct usb_bus *ubus); extern void usb_hub_adjust_deviceremovable(struct usb_device *hdev, struct usb_hub_descriptor *desc); #ifdef CONFIG_ACPI extern int usb_acpi_register(void); extern void usb_acpi_unregister(void); extern acpi_handle usb_get_hub_port_acpi_handle(struct usb_device *hdev, int port1); #else static inline int usb_acpi_register(void) { return 0; }; static inline void usb_acpi_unregister(void) { }; #endif
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_HUGETLB_INLINE_H #define _LINUX_HUGETLB_INLINE_H #ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE #include <linux/mm.h> static inline bool is_vm_hugetlb_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return !!(vma->vm_flags & VM_HUGETLB); } #else static inline bool is_vm_hugetlb_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return false; } #endif #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM tcp #if !defined(_TRACE_TCP_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_TCP_H #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <linux/tcp.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <net/ipv6.h> #include <net/tcp.h> #include <linux/sock_diag.h> #define TP_STORE_V4MAPPED(__entry, saddr, daddr) \ do { \ struct in6_addr *pin6; \ \ pin6 = (struct in6_addr *)__entry->saddr_v6; \ ipv6_addr_set_v4mapped(saddr, pin6); \ pin6 = (struct in6_addr *)__entry->daddr_v6; \ ipv6_addr_set_v4mapped(daddr, pin6); \ } while (0) #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) #define TP_STORE_ADDRS(__entry, saddr, daddr, saddr6, daddr6) \ do { \ if (sk->sk_family == AF_INET6) { \ struct in6_addr *pin6; \ \ pin6 = (struct in6_addr *)__entry->saddr_v6; \ *pin6 = saddr6; \ pin6 = (struct in6_addr *)__entry->daddr_v6; \ *pin6 = daddr6; \ } else { \ TP_STORE_V4MAPPED(__entry, saddr, daddr); \ } \ } while (0) #else #define TP_STORE_ADDRS(__entry, saddr, daddr, saddr6, daddr6) \ TP_STORE_V4MAPPED(__entry, saddr, daddr) #endif /* * tcp event with arguments sk and skb * * Note: this class requires a valid sk pointer; while skb pointer could * be NULL. */ DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(tcp_event_sk_skb, TP_PROTO(const struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(sk, skb), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(const void *, skbaddr) __field(const void *, skaddr) __field(int, state) __field(__u16, sport) __field(__u16, dport) __array(__u8, saddr, 4) __array(__u8, daddr, 4) __array(__u8, saddr_v6, 16) __array(__u8, daddr_v6, 16) ), TP_fast_assign( struct inet_sock *inet = inet_sk(sk); __be32 *p32; __entry->skbaddr = skb; __entry->skaddr = sk; __entry->state = sk->sk_state; __entry->sport = ntohs(inet->inet_sport); __entry->dport = ntohs(inet->inet_dport); p32 = (__be32 *) __entry->saddr; *p32 = inet->inet_saddr; p32 = (__be32 *) __entry->daddr; *p32 = inet->inet_daddr; TP_STORE_ADDRS(__entry, inet->inet_saddr, inet->inet_daddr, sk->sk_v6_rcv_saddr, sk->sk_v6_daddr); ), TP_printk("sport=%hu dport=%hu saddr=%pI4 daddr=%pI4 saddrv6=%pI6c daddrv6=%pI6c state=%s", __entry->sport, __entry->dport, __entry->saddr, __entry->daddr, __entry->saddr_v6, __entry->daddr_v6, show_tcp_state_name(__entry->state)) ); DEFINE_EVENT(tcp_event_sk_skb, tcp_retransmit_skb, TP_PROTO(const struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(sk, skb) ); /* * skb of trace_tcp_send_reset is the skb that caused RST. In case of * active reset, skb should be NULL */ DEFINE_EVENT(tcp_event_sk_skb, tcp_send_reset, TP_PROTO(const struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(sk, skb) ); /* * tcp event with arguments sk * * Note: this class requires a valid sk pointer. */ DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(tcp_event_sk, TP_PROTO(struct sock *sk), TP_ARGS(sk), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(const void *, skaddr) __field(__u16, sport) __field(__u16, dport) __array(__u8, saddr, 4) __array(__u8, daddr, 4) __array(__u8, saddr_v6, 16) __array(__u8, daddr_v6, 16) __field(__u64, sock_cookie) ), TP_fast_assign( struct inet_sock *inet = inet_sk(sk); __be32 *p32; __entry->skaddr = sk; __entry->sport = ntohs(inet->inet_sport); __entry->dport = ntohs(inet->inet_dport); p32 = (__be32 *) __entry->saddr; *p32 = inet->inet_saddr; p32 = (__be32 *) __entry->daddr; *p32 = inet->inet_daddr; TP_STORE_ADDRS(__entry, inet->inet_saddr, inet->inet_daddr, sk->sk_v6_rcv_saddr, sk->sk_v6_daddr); __entry->sock_cookie = sock_gen_cookie(sk); ), TP_printk("sport=%hu dport=%hu saddr=%pI4 daddr=%pI4 saddrv6=%pI6c daddrv6=%pI6c sock_cookie=%llx", __entry->sport, __entry->dport, __entry->saddr, __entry->daddr, __entry->saddr_v6, __entry->daddr_v6, __entry->sock_cookie) ); DEFINE_EVENT(tcp_event_sk, tcp_receive_reset, TP_PROTO(struct sock *sk), TP_ARGS(sk) ); DEFINE_EVENT(tcp_event_sk, tcp_destroy_sock, TP_PROTO(struct sock *sk), TP_ARGS(sk) ); DEFINE_EVENT(tcp_event_sk, tcp_rcv_space_adjust, TP_PROTO(struct sock *sk), TP_ARGS(sk) ); TRACE_EVENT(tcp_retransmit_synack, TP_PROTO(const struct sock *sk, const struct request_sock *req), TP_ARGS(sk, req), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(const void *, skaddr) __field(const void *, req) __field(__u16, sport) __field(__u16, dport) __array(__u8, saddr, 4) __array(__u8, daddr, 4) __array(__u8, saddr_v6, 16) __array(__u8, daddr_v6, 16) ), TP_fast_assign( struct inet_request_sock *ireq = inet_rsk(req); __be32 *p32; __entry->skaddr = sk; __entry->req = req; __entry->sport = ireq->ir_num; __entry->dport = ntohs(ireq->ir_rmt_port); p32 = (__be32 *) __entry->saddr; *p32 = ireq->ir_loc_addr; p32 = (__be32 *) __entry->daddr; *p32 = ireq->ir_rmt_addr; TP_STORE_ADDRS(__entry, ireq->ir_loc_addr, ireq->ir_rmt_addr, ireq->ir_v6_loc_addr, ireq->ir_v6_rmt_addr); ), TP_printk("sport=%hu dport=%hu saddr=%pI4 daddr=%pI4 saddrv6=%pI6c daddrv6=%pI6c", __entry->sport, __entry->dport, __entry->saddr, __entry->daddr, __entry->saddr_v6, __entry->daddr_v6) ); #include <trace/events/net_probe_common.h> TRACE_EVENT(tcp_probe, TP_PROTO(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(sk, skb), TP_STRUCT__entry( /* sockaddr_in6 is always bigger than sockaddr_in */ __array(__u8, saddr, sizeof(struct sockaddr_in6)) __array(__u8, daddr, sizeof(struct sockaddr_in6)) __field(__u16, sport) __field(__u16, dport) __field(__u32, mark) __field(__u16, data_len) __field(__u32, snd_nxt) __field(__u32, snd_una) __field(__u32, snd_cwnd) __field(__u32, ssthresh) __field(__u32, snd_wnd) __field(__u32, srtt) __field(__u32, rcv_wnd) __field(__u64, sock_cookie) ), TP_fast_assign( const struct tcphdr *th = (const struct tcphdr *)skb->data; const struct inet_sock *inet = inet_sk(sk); const struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk); memset(__entry->saddr, 0, sizeof(struct sockaddr_in6)); memset(__entry->daddr, 0, sizeof(struct sockaddr_in6)); TP_STORE_ADDR_PORTS(__entry, inet, sk); /* For filtering use */ __entry->sport = ntohs(inet->inet_sport); __entry->dport = ntohs(inet->inet_dport); __entry->mark = skb->mark; __entry->data_len = skb->len - __tcp_hdrlen(th); __entry->snd_nxt = tp->snd_nxt; __entry->snd_una = tp->snd_una; __entry->snd_cwnd = tp->snd_cwnd; __entry->snd_wnd = tp->snd_wnd; __entry->rcv_wnd = tp->rcv_wnd; __entry->ssthresh = tcp_current_ssthresh(sk); __entry->srtt = tp->srtt_us >> 3; __entry->sock_cookie = sock_gen_cookie(sk); ), TP_printk("src=%pISpc dest=%pISpc mark=%#x data_len=%d snd_nxt=%#x snd_una=%#x snd_cwnd=%u ssthresh=%u snd_wnd=%u srtt=%u rcv_wnd=%u sock_cookie=%llx", __entry->saddr, __entry->daddr, __entry->mark, __entry->data_len, __entry->snd_nxt, __entry->snd_una, __entry->snd_cwnd, __entry->ssthresh, __entry->snd_wnd, __entry->srtt, __entry->rcv_wnd, __entry->sock_cookie) ); #endif /* _TRACE_TCP_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
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2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036 2037 2038 2039 2040 2041 2042 2043 2044 2045 2046 2047 2048 2049 2050 2051 2052 2053 2054 2055 2056 2057 2058 2059 2060 2061 2062 2063 2064 2065 2066 2067 2068 2069 2070 2071 2072 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * Kernel internal timers * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds * * 1997-01-28 Modified by Finn Arne Gangstad to make timers scale better. * * 1997-09-10 Updated NTP code according to technical memorandum Jan '96 * "A Kernel Model for Precision Timekeeping" by Dave Mills * 1998-12-24 Fixed a xtime SMP race (we need the xtime_lock rw spinlock to * serialize accesses to xtime/lost_ticks). * Copyright (C) 1998 Andrea Arcangeli * 1999-03-10 Improved NTP compatibility by Ulrich Windl * 2002-05-31 Move sys_sysinfo here and make its locking sane, Robert Love * 2000-10-05 Implemented scalable SMP per-CPU timer handling. * Copyright (C) 2000, 2001, 2002 Ingo Molnar * Designed by David S. Miller, Alexey Kuznetsov and Ingo Molnar */ #include <linux/kernel_stat.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/pid_namespace.h> #include <linux/notifier.h> #include <linux/thread_info.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/jiffies.h> #include <linux/posix-timers.h> #include <linux/cpu.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/delay.h> #include <linux/tick.h> #include <linux/kallsyms.h> #include <linux/irq_work.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/sched/sysctl.h> #include <linux/sched/nohz.h> #include <linux/sched/debug.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/compat.h> #include <linux/random.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/unistd.h> #include <asm/div64.h> #include <asm/timex.h> #include <asm/io.h> #include "tick-internal.h" #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <trace/events/timer.h> __visible u64 jiffies_64 __cacheline_aligned_in_smp = INITIAL_JIFFIES; EXPORT_SYMBOL(jiffies_64); /* * The timer wheel has LVL_DEPTH array levels. Each level provides an array of * LVL_SIZE buckets. Each level is driven by its own clock and therefor each * level has a different granularity. * * The level granularity is: LVL_CLK_DIV ^ lvl * The level clock frequency is: HZ / (LVL_CLK_DIV ^ level) * * The array level of a newly armed timer depends on the relative expiry * time. The farther the expiry time is away the higher the array level and * therefor the granularity becomes. * * Contrary to the original timer wheel implementation, which aims for 'exact' * expiry of the timers, this implementation removes the need for recascading * the timers into the lower array levels. The previous 'classic' timer wheel * implementation of the kernel already violated the 'exact' expiry by adding * slack to the expiry time to provide batched expiration. The granularity * levels provide implicit batching. * * This is an optimization of the original timer wheel implementation for the * majority of the timer wheel use cases: timeouts. The vast majority of * timeout timers (networking, disk I/O ...) are canceled before expiry. If * the timeout expires it indicates that normal operation is disturbed, so it * does not matter much whether the timeout comes with a slight delay. * * The only exception to this are networking timers with a small expiry * time. They rely on the granularity. Those fit into the first wheel level, * which has HZ granularity. * * We don't have cascading anymore. timers with a expiry time above the * capacity of the last wheel level are force expired at the maximum timeout * value of the last wheel level. From data sampling we know that the maximum * value observed is 5 days (network connection tracking), so this should not * be an issue. * * The currently chosen array constants values are a good compromise between * array size and granularity. * * This results in the following granularity and range levels: * * HZ 1000 steps * Level Offset Granularity Range * 0 0 1 ms 0 ms - 63 ms * 1 64 8 ms 64 ms - 511 ms * 2 128 64 ms 512 ms - 4095 ms (512ms - ~4s) * 3 192 512 ms 4096 ms - 32767 ms (~4s - ~32s) * 4 256 4096 ms (~4s) 32768 ms - 262143 ms (~32s - ~4m) * 5 320 32768 ms (~32s) 262144 ms - 2097151 ms (~4m - ~34m) * 6 384 262144 ms (~4m) 2097152 ms - 16777215 ms (~34m - ~4h) * 7 448 2097152 ms (~34m) 16777216 ms - 134217727 ms (~4h - ~1d) * 8 512 16777216 ms (~4h) 134217728 ms - 1073741822 ms (~1d - ~12d) * * HZ 300 * Level Offset Granularity Range * 0 0 3 ms 0 ms - 210 ms * 1 64 26 ms 213 ms - 1703 ms (213ms - ~1s) * 2 128 213 ms 1706 ms - 13650 ms (~1s - ~13s) * 3 192 1706 ms (~1s) 13653 ms - 109223 ms (~13s - ~1m) * 4 256 13653 ms (~13s) 109226 ms - 873810 ms (~1m - ~14m) * 5 320 109226 ms (~1m) 873813 ms - 6990503 ms (~14m - ~1h) * 6 384 873813 ms (~14m) 6990506 ms - 55924050 ms (~1h - ~15h) * 7 448 6990506 ms (~1h) 55924053 ms - 447392423 ms (~15h - ~5d) * 8 512 55924053 ms (~15h) 447392426 ms - 3579139406 ms (~5d - ~41d) * * HZ 250 * Level Offset Granularity Range * 0 0 4 ms 0 ms - 255 ms * 1 64 32 ms 256 ms - 2047 ms (256ms - ~2s) * 2 128 256 ms 2048 ms - 16383 ms (~2s - ~16s) * 3 192 2048 ms (~2s) 16384 ms - 131071 ms (~16s - ~2m) * 4 256 16384 ms (~16s) 131072 ms - 1048575 ms (~2m - ~17m) * 5 320 131072 ms (~2m) 1048576 ms - 8388607 ms (~17m - ~2h) * 6 384 1048576 ms (~17m) 8388608 ms - 67108863 ms (~2h - ~18h) * 7 448 8388608 ms (~2h) 67108864 ms - 536870911 ms (~18h - ~6d) * 8 512 67108864 ms (~18h) 536870912 ms - 4294967288 ms (~6d - ~49d) * * HZ 100 * Level Offset Granularity Range * 0 0 10 ms 0 ms - 630 ms * 1 64 80 ms 640 ms - 5110 ms (640ms - ~5s) * 2 128 640 ms 5120 ms - 40950 ms (~5s - ~40s) * 3 192 5120 ms (~5s) 40960 ms - 327670 ms (~40s - ~5m) * 4 256 40960 ms (~40s) 327680 ms - 2621430 ms (~5m - ~43m) * 5 320 327680 ms (~5m) 2621440 ms - 20971510 ms (~43m - ~5h) * 6 384 2621440 ms (~43m) 20971520 ms - 167772150 ms (~5h - ~1d) * 7 448 20971520 ms (~5h) 167772160 ms - 1342177270 ms (~1d - ~15d) */ /* Clock divisor for the next level */ #define LVL_CLK_SHIFT 3 #define LVL_CLK_DIV (1UL << LVL_CLK_SHIFT) #define LVL_CLK_MASK (LVL_CLK_DIV - 1) #define LVL_SHIFT(n) ((n) * LVL_CLK_SHIFT) #define LVL_GRAN(n) (1UL << LVL_SHIFT(n)) /* * The time start value for each level to select the bucket at enqueue * time. We start from the last possible delta of the previous level * so that we can later add an extra LVL_GRAN(n) to n (see calc_index()). */ #define LVL_START(n) ((LVL_SIZE - 1) << (((n) - 1) * LVL_CLK_SHIFT)) /* Size of each clock level */ #define LVL_BITS 6 #define LVL_SIZE (1UL << LVL_BITS) #define LVL_MASK (LVL_SIZE - 1) #define LVL_OFFS(n) ((n) * LVL_SIZE) /* Level depth */ #if HZ > 100 # define LVL_DEPTH 9 # else # define LVL_DEPTH 8 #endif /* The cutoff (max. capacity of the wheel) */ #define WHEEL_TIMEOUT_CUTOFF (LVL_START(LVL_DEPTH)) #define WHEEL_TIMEOUT_MAX (WHEEL_TIMEOUT_CUTOFF - LVL_GRAN(LVL_DEPTH - 1)) /* * The resulting wheel size. If NOHZ is configured we allocate two * wheels so we have a separate storage for the deferrable timers. */ #define WHEEL_SIZE (LVL_SIZE * LVL_DEPTH) #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_COMMON # define NR_BASES 2 # define BASE_STD 0 # define BASE_DEF 1 #else # define NR_BASES 1 # define BASE_STD 0 # define BASE_DEF 0 #endif struct timer_base { raw_spinlock_t lock; struct timer_list *running_timer; #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT spinlock_t expiry_lock; atomic_t timer_waiters; #endif unsigned long clk; unsigned long next_expiry; unsigned int cpu; bool next_expiry_recalc; bool is_idle; bool timers_pending; DECLARE_BITMAP(pending_map, WHEEL_SIZE); struct hlist_head vectors[WHEEL_SIZE]; } ____cacheline_aligned; static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct timer_base, timer_bases[NR_BASES]); #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_COMMON static DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(timers_nohz_active); static DEFINE_MUTEX(timer_keys_mutex); static void timer_update_keys(struct work_struct *work); static DECLARE_WORK(timer_update_work, timer_update_keys); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP unsigned int sysctl_timer_migration = 1; DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(timers_migration_enabled); static void timers_update_migration(void) { if (sysctl_timer_migration && tick_nohz_active) static_branch_enable(&timers_migration_enabled); else static_branch_disable(&timers_migration_enabled); } #else static inline void timers_update_migration(void) { } #endif /* !CONFIG_SMP */ static void timer_update_keys(struct work_struct *work) { mutex_lock(&timer_keys_mutex); timers_update_migration(); static_branch_enable(&timers_nohz_active); mutex_unlock(&timer_keys_mutex); } void timers_update_nohz(void) { schedule_work(&timer_update_work); } int timer_migration_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { int ret; mutex_lock(&timer_keys_mutex); ret = proc_dointvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos); if (!ret && write) timers_update_migration(); mutex_unlock(&timer_keys_mutex); return ret; } static inline bool is_timers_nohz_active(void) { return static_branch_unlikely(&timers_nohz_active); } #else static inline bool is_timers_nohz_active(void) { return false; } #endif /* NO_HZ_COMMON */ static unsigned long round_jiffies_common(unsigned long j, int cpu, bool force_up) { int rem; unsigned long original = j; /* * We don't want all cpus firing their timers at once hitting the * same lock or cachelines, so we skew each extra cpu with an extra * 3 jiffies. This 3 jiffies came originally from the mm/ code which * already did this. * The skew is done by adding 3*cpunr, then round, then subtract this * extra offset again. */ j += cpu * 3; rem = j % HZ; /* * If the target jiffie is just after a whole second (which can happen * due to delays of the timer irq, long irq off times etc etc) then * we should round down to the whole second, not up. Use 1/4th second * as cutoff for this rounding as an extreme upper bound for this. * But never round down if @force_up is set. */ if (rem < HZ/4 && !force_up) /* round down */ j = j - rem; else /* round up */ j = j - rem + HZ; /* now that we have rounded, subtract the extra skew again */ j -= cpu * 3; /* * Make sure j is still in the future. Otherwise return the * unmodified value. */ return time_is_after_jiffies(j) ? j : original; } /** * __round_jiffies - function to round jiffies to a full second * @j: the time in (absolute) jiffies that should be rounded * @cpu: the processor number on which the timeout will happen * * __round_jiffies() rounds an absolute time in the future (in jiffies) * up or down to (approximately) full seconds. This is useful for timers * for which the exact time they fire does not matter too much, as long as * they fire approximately every X seconds. * * By rounding these timers to whole seconds, all such timers will fire * at the same time, rather than at various times spread out. The goal * of this is to have the CPU wake up less, which saves power. * * The exact rounding is skewed for each processor to avoid all * processors firing at the exact same time, which could lead * to lock contention or spurious cache line bouncing. * * The return value is the rounded version of the @j parameter. */ unsigned long __round_jiffies(unsigned long j, int cpu) { return round_jiffies_common(j, cpu, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__round_jiffies); /** * __round_jiffies_relative - function to round jiffies to a full second * @j: the time in (relative) jiffies that should be rounded * @cpu: the processor number on which the timeout will happen * * __round_jiffies_relative() rounds a time delta in the future (in jiffies) * up or down to (approximately) full seconds. This is useful for timers * for which the exact time they fire does not matter too much, as long as * they fire approximately every X seconds. * * By rounding these timers to whole seconds, all such timers will fire * at the same time, rather than at various times spread out. The goal * of this is to have the CPU wake up less, which saves power. * * The exact rounding is skewed for each processor to avoid all * processors firing at the exact same time, which could lead * to lock contention or spurious cache line bouncing. * * The return value is the rounded version of the @j parameter. */ unsigned long __round_jiffies_relative(unsigned long j, int cpu) { unsigned long j0 = jiffies; /* Use j0 because jiffies might change while we run */ return round_jiffies_common(j + j0, cpu, false) - j0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__round_jiffies_relative); /** * round_jiffies - function to round jiffies to a full second * @j: the time in (absolute) jiffies that should be rounded * * round_jiffies() rounds an absolute time in the future (in jiffies) * up or down to (approximately) full seconds. This is useful for timers * for which the exact time they fire does not matter too much, as long as * they fire approximately every X seconds. * * By rounding these timers to whole seconds, all such timers will fire * at the same time, rather than at various times spread out. The goal * of this is to have the CPU wake up less, which saves power. * * The return value is the rounded version of the @j parameter. */ unsigned long round_jiffies(unsigned long j) { return round_jiffies_common(j, raw_smp_processor_id(), false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(round_jiffies); /** * round_jiffies_relative - function to round jiffies to a full second * @j: the time in (relative) jiffies that should be rounded * * round_jiffies_relative() rounds a time delta in the future (in jiffies) * up or down to (approximately) full seconds. This is useful for timers * for which the exact time they fire does not matter too much, as long as * they fire approximately every X seconds. * * By rounding these timers to whole seconds, all such timers will fire * at the same time, rather than at various times spread out. The goal * of this is to have the CPU wake up less, which saves power. * * The return value is the rounded version of the @j parameter. */ unsigned long round_jiffies_relative(unsigned long j) { return __round_jiffies_relative(j, raw_smp_processor_id()); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(round_jiffies_relative); /** * __round_jiffies_up - function to round jiffies up to a full second * @j: the time in (absolute) jiffies that should be rounded * @cpu: the processor number on which the timeout will happen * * This is the same as __round_jiffies() except that it will never * round down. This is useful for timeouts for which the exact time * of firing does not matter too much, as long as they don't fire too * early. */ unsigned long __round_jiffies_up(unsigned long j, int cpu) { return round_jiffies_common(j, cpu, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__round_jiffies_up); /** * __round_jiffies_up_relative - function to round jiffies up to a full second * @j: the time in (relative) jiffies that should be rounded * @cpu: the processor number on which the timeout will happen * * This is the same as __round_jiffies_relative() except that it will never * round down. This is useful for timeouts for which the exact time * of firing does not matter too much, as long as they don't fire too * early. */ unsigned long __round_jiffies_up_relative(unsigned long j, int cpu) { unsigned long j0 = jiffies; /* Use j0 because jiffies might change while we run */ return round_jiffies_common(j + j0, cpu, true) - j0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__round_jiffies_up_relative); /** * round_jiffies_up - function to round jiffies up to a full second * @j: the time in (absolute) jiffies that should be rounded * * This is the same as round_jiffies() except that it will never * round down. This is useful for timeouts for which the exact time * of firing does not matter too much, as long as they don't fire too * early. */ unsigned long round_jiffies_up(unsigned long j) { return round_jiffies_common(j, raw_smp_processor_id(), true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(round_jiffies_up); /** * round_jiffies_up_relative - function to round jiffies up to a full second * @j: the time in (relative) jiffies that should be rounded * * This is the same as round_jiffies_relative() except that it will never * round down. This is useful for timeouts for which the exact time * of firing does not matter too much, as long as they don't fire too * early. */ unsigned long round_jiffies_up_relative(unsigned long j) { return __round_jiffies_up_relative(j, raw_smp_processor_id()); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(round_jiffies_up_relative); static inline unsigned int timer_get_idx(struct timer_list *timer) { return (timer->flags & TIMER_ARRAYMASK) >> TIMER_ARRAYSHIFT; } static inline void timer_set_idx(struct timer_list *timer, unsigned int idx) { timer->flags = (timer->flags & ~TIMER_ARRAYMASK) | idx << TIMER_ARRAYSHIFT; } /* * Helper function to calculate the array index for a given expiry * time. */ static inline unsigned calc_index(unsigned long expires, unsigned lvl, unsigned long *bucket_expiry) { /* * The timer wheel has to guarantee that a timer does not fire * early. Early expiry can happen due to: * - Timer is armed at the edge of a tick * - Truncation of the expiry time in the outer wheel levels * * Round up with level granularity to prevent this. */ expires = (expires + LVL_GRAN(lvl)) >> LVL_SHIFT(lvl); *bucket_expiry = expires << LVL_SHIFT(lvl); return LVL_OFFS(lvl) + (expires & LVL_MASK); } static int calc_wheel_index(unsigned long expires, unsigned long clk, unsigned long *bucket_expiry) { unsigned long delta = expires - clk; unsigned int idx; if (delta < LVL_START(1)) { idx = calc_index(expires, 0, bucket_expiry); } else if (delta < LVL_START(2)) { idx = calc_index(expires, 1, bucket_expiry); } else if (delta < LVL_START(3)) { idx = calc_index(expires, 2, bucket_expiry); } else if (delta < LVL_START(4)) { idx = calc_index(expires, 3, bucket_expiry); } else if (delta < LVL_START(5)) { idx = calc_index(expires, 4, bucket_expiry); } else if (delta < LVL_START(6)) { idx = calc_index(expires, 5, bucket_expiry); } else if (delta < LVL_START(7)) { idx = calc_index(expires, 6, bucket_expiry); } else if (LVL_DEPTH > 8 && delta < LVL_START(8)) { idx = calc_index(expires, 7, bucket_expiry); } else if ((long) delta < 0) { idx = clk & LVL_MASK; *bucket_expiry = clk; } else { /* * Force expire obscene large timeouts to expire at the * capacity limit of the wheel. */ if (delta >= WHEEL_TIMEOUT_CUTOFF) expires = clk + WHEEL_TIMEOUT_MAX; idx = calc_index(expires, LVL_DEPTH - 1, bucket_expiry); } return idx; } static void trigger_dyntick_cpu(struct timer_base *base, struct timer_list *timer) { if (!is_timers_nohz_active()) return; /* * TODO: This wants some optimizing similar to the code below, but we * will do that when we switch from push to pull for deferrable timers. */ if (timer->flags & TIMER_DEFERRABLE) { if (tick_nohz_full_cpu(base->cpu)) wake_up_nohz_cpu(base->cpu); return; } /* * We might have to IPI the remote CPU if the base is idle and the * timer is not deferrable. If the other CPU is on the way to idle * then it can't set base->is_idle as we hold the base lock: */ if (base->is_idle) wake_up_nohz_cpu(base->cpu); } /* * Enqueue the timer into the hash bucket, mark it pending in * the bitmap, store the index in the timer flags then wake up * the target CPU if needed. */ static void enqueue_timer(struct timer_base *base, struct timer_list *timer, unsigned int idx, unsigned long bucket_expiry) { hlist_add_head(&timer->entry, base->vectors + idx); __set_bit(idx, base->pending_map); timer_set_idx(timer, idx); trace_timer_start(timer, timer->expires, timer->flags); /* * Check whether this is the new first expiring timer. The * effective expiry time of the timer is required here * (bucket_expiry) instead of timer->expires. */ if (time_before(bucket_expiry, base->next_expiry)) { /* * Set the next expiry time and kick the CPU so it * can reevaluate the wheel: */ base->next_expiry = bucket_expiry; base->timers_pending = true; base->next_expiry_recalc = false; trigger_dyntick_cpu(base, timer); } } static void internal_add_timer(struct timer_base *base, struct timer_list *timer) { unsigned long bucket_expiry; unsigned int idx; idx = calc_wheel_index(timer->expires, base->clk, &bucket_expiry); enqueue_timer(base, timer, idx, bucket_expiry); } #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_TIMERS static const struct debug_obj_descr timer_debug_descr; static void *timer_debug_hint(void *addr) { return ((struct timer_list *) addr)->function; } static bool timer_is_static_object(void *addr) { struct timer_list *timer = addr; return (timer->entry.pprev == NULL && timer->entry.next == TIMER_ENTRY_STATIC); } /* * fixup_init is called when: * - an active object is initialized */ static bool timer_fixup_init(void *addr, enum debug_obj_state state) { struct timer_list *timer = addr; switch (state) { case ODEBUG_STATE_ACTIVE: del_timer_sync(timer); debug_object_init(timer, &timer_debug_descr); return true; default: return false; } } /* Stub timer callback for improperly used timers. */ static void stub_timer(struct timer_list *unused) { WARN_ON(1); } /* * fixup_activate is called when: * - an active object is activated * - an unknown non-static object is activated */ static bool timer_fixup_activate(void *addr, enum debug_obj_state state) { struct timer_list *timer = addr; switch (state) { case ODEBUG_STATE_NOTAVAILABLE: timer_setup(timer, stub_timer, 0); return true; case ODEBUG_STATE_ACTIVE: WARN_ON(1); fallthrough; default: return false; } } /* * fixup_free is called when: * - an active object is freed */ static bool timer_fixup_free(void *addr, enum debug_obj_state state) { struct timer_list *timer = addr; switch (state) { case ODEBUG_STATE_ACTIVE: del_timer_sync(timer); debug_object_free(timer, &timer_debug_descr); return true; default: return false; } } /* * fixup_assert_init is called when: * - an untracked/uninit-ed object is found */ static bool timer_fixup_assert_init(void *addr, enum debug_obj_state state) { struct timer_list *timer = addr; switch (state) { case ODEBUG_STATE_NOTAVAILABLE: timer_setup(timer, stub_timer, 0); return true; default: return false; } } static const struct debug_obj_descr timer_debug_descr = { .name = "timer_list", .debug_hint = timer_debug_hint, .is_static_object = timer_is_static_object, .fixup_init = timer_fixup_init, .fixup_activate = timer_fixup_activate, .fixup_free = timer_fixup_free, .fixup_assert_init = timer_fixup_assert_init, }; static inline void debug_timer_init(struct timer_list *timer) { debug_object_init(timer, &timer_debug_descr); } static inline void debug_timer_activate(struct timer_list *timer) { debug_object_activate(timer, &timer_debug_descr); } static inline void debug_timer_deactivate(struct timer_list *timer) { debug_object_deactivate(timer, &timer_debug_descr); } static inline void debug_timer_assert_init(struct timer_list *timer) { debug_object_assert_init(timer, &timer_debug_descr); } static void do_init_timer(struct timer_list *timer, void (*func)(struct timer_list *), unsigned int flags, const char *name, struct lock_class_key *key); void init_timer_on_stack_key(struct timer_list *timer, void (*func)(struct timer_list *), unsigned int flags, const char *name, struct lock_class_key *key) { debug_object_init_on_stack(timer, &timer_debug_descr); do_init_timer(timer, func, flags, name, key); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(init_timer_on_stack_key); void destroy_timer_on_stack(struct timer_list *timer) { debug_object_free(timer, &timer_debug_descr); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(destroy_timer_on_stack); #else static inline void debug_timer_init(struct timer_list *timer) { } static inline void debug_timer_activate(struct timer_list *timer) { } static inline void debug_timer_deactivate(struct timer_list *timer) { } static inline void debug_timer_assert_init(struct timer_list *timer) { } #endif static inline void debug_init(struct timer_list *timer) { debug_timer_init(timer); trace_timer_init(timer); } static inline void debug_deactivate(struct timer_list *timer) { debug_timer_deactivate(timer); trace_timer_cancel(timer); } static inline void debug_assert_init(struct timer_list *timer) { debug_timer_assert_init(timer); } static void do_init_timer(struct timer_list *timer, void (*func)(struct timer_list *), unsigned int flags, const char *name, struct lock_class_key *key) { timer->entry.pprev = NULL; timer->function = func; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(flags & ~TIMER_INIT_FLAGS)) flags &= TIMER_INIT_FLAGS; timer->flags = flags | raw_smp_processor_id(); lockdep_init_map(&timer->lockdep_map, name, key, 0); } /** * init_timer_key - initialize a timer * @timer: the timer to be initialized * @func: timer callback function * @flags: timer flags * @name: name of the timer * @key: lockdep class key of the fake lock used for tracking timer * sync lock dependencies * * init_timer_key() must be done to a timer prior calling *any* of the * other timer functions. */ void init_timer_key(struct timer_list *timer, void (*func)(struct timer_list *), unsigned int flags, const char *name, struct lock_class_key *key) { debug_init(timer); do_init_timer(timer, func, flags, name, key); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(init_timer_key); static inline void detach_timer(struct timer_list *timer, bool clear_pending) { struct hlist_node *entry = &timer->entry; debug_deactivate(timer); __hlist_del(entry); if (clear_pending) entry->pprev = NULL; entry->next = LIST_POISON2; } static int detach_if_pending(struct timer_list *timer, struct timer_base *base, bool clear_pending) { unsigned idx = timer_get_idx(timer); if (!timer_pending(timer)) return 0; if (hlist_is_singular_node(&timer->entry, base->vectors + idx)) { __clear_bit(idx, base->pending_map); base->next_expiry_recalc = true; } detach_timer(timer, clear_pending); return 1; } static inline struct timer_base *get_timer_cpu_base(u32 tflags, u32 cpu) { struct timer_base *base = per_cpu_ptr(&timer_bases[BASE_STD], cpu); /* * If the timer is deferrable and NO_HZ_COMMON is set then we need * to use the deferrable base. */ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NO_HZ_COMMON) && (tflags & TIMER_DEFERRABLE)) base = per_cpu_ptr(&timer_bases[BASE_DEF], cpu); return base; } static inline struct timer_base *get_timer_this_cpu_base(u32 tflags) { struct timer_base *base = this_cpu_ptr(&timer_bases[BASE_STD]); /* * If the timer is deferrable and NO_HZ_COMMON is set then we need * to use the deferrable base. */ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NO_HZ_COMMON) && (tflags & TIMER_DEFERRABLE)) base = this_cpu_ptr(&timer_bases[BASE_DEF]); return base; } static inline struct timer_base *get_timer_base(u32 tflags) { return get_timer_cpu_base(tflags, tflags & TIMER_CPUMASK); } static inline struct timer_base * get_target_base(struct timer_base *base, unsigned tflags) { #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) && defined(CONFIG_NO_HZ_COMMON) if (static_branch_likely(&timers_migration_enabled) && !(tflags & TIMER_PINNED)) return get_timer_cpu_base(tflags, get_nohz_timer_target()); #endif return get_timer_this_cpu_base(tflags); } static inline void forward_timer_base(struct timer_base *base) { unsigned long jnow = READ_ONCE(jiffies); /* * No need to forward if we are close enough below jiffies. * Also while executing timers, base->clk is 1 offset ahead * of jiffies to avoid endless requeuing to current jffies. */ if ((long)(jnow - base->clk) < 1) return; /* * If the next expiry value is > jiffies, then we fast forward to * jiffies otherwise we forward to the next expiry value. */ if (time_after(base->next_expiry, jnow)) { base->clk = jnow; } else { if (WARN_ON_ONCE(time_before(base->next_expiry, base->clk))) return; base->clk = base->next_expiry; } } /* * We are using hashed locking: Holding per_cpu(timer_bases[x]).lock means * that all timers which are tied to this base are locked, and the base itself * is locked too. * * So __run_timers/migrate_timers can safely modify all timers which could * be found in the base->vectors array. * * When a timer is migrating then the TIMER_MIGRATING flag is set and we need * to wait until the migration is done. */ static struct timer_base *lock_timer_base(struct timer_list *timer, unsigned long *flags) __acquires(timer->base->lock) { for (;;) { struct timer_base *base; u32 tf; /* * We need to use READ_ONCE() here, otherwise the compiler * might re-read @tf between the check for TIMER_MIGRATING * and spin_lock(). */ tf = READ_ONCE(timer->flags); if (!(tf & TIMER_MIGRATING)) { base = get_timer_base(tf); raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&base->lock, *flags); if (timer->flags == tf) return base; raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&base->lock, *flags); } cpu_relax(); } } #define MOD_TIMER_PENDING_ONLY 0x01 #define MOD_TIMER_REDUCE 0x02 #define MOD_TIMER_NOTPENDING 0x04 static inline int __mod_timer(struct timer_list *timer, unsigned long expires, unsigned int options) { unsigned long clk = 0, flags, bucket_expiry; struct timer_base *base, *new_base; unsigned int idx = UINT_MAX; int ret = 0; BUG_ON(!timer->function); /* * This is a common optimization triggered by the networking code - if * the timer is re-modified to have the same timeout or ends up in the * same array bucket then just return: */ if (!(options & MOD_TIMER_NOTPENDING) && timer_pending(timer)) { /* * The downside of this optimization is that it can result in * larger granularity than you would get from adding a new * timer with this expiry. */ long diff = timer->expires - expires; if (!diff) return 1; if (options & MOD_TIMER_REDUCE && diff <= 0) return 1; /* * We lock timer base and calculate the bucket index right * here. If the timer ends up in the same bucket, then we * just update the expiry time and avoid the whole * dequeue/enqueue dance. */ base = lock_timer_base(timer, &flags); forward_timer_base(base); if (timer_pending(timer) && (options & MOD_TIMER_REDUCE) && time_before_eq(timer->expires, expires)) { ret = 1; goto out_unlock; } clk = base->clk; idx = calc_wheel_index(expires, clk, &bucket_expiry); /* * Retrieve and compare the array index of the pending * timer. If it matches set the expiry to the new value so a * subsequent call will exit in the expires check above. */ if (idx == timer_get_idx(timer)) { if (!(options & MOD_TIMER_REDUCE)) timer->expires = expires; else if (time_after(timer->expires, expires)) timer->expires = expires; ret = 1; goto out_unlock; } } else { base = lock_timer_base(timer, &flags); forward_timer_base(base); } ret = detach_if_pending(timer, base, false); if (!ret && (options & MOD_TIMER_PENDING_ONLY)) goto out_unlock; new_base = get_target_base(base, timer->flags); if (base != new_base) { /* * We are trying to schedule the timer on the new base. * However we can't change timer's base while it is running, * otherwise del_timer_sync() can't detect that the timer's * handler yet has not finished. This also guarantees that the * timer is serialized wrt itself. */ if (likely(base->running_timer != timer)) { /* See the comment in lock_timer_base() */ timer->flags |= TIMER_MIGRATING; raw_spin_unlock(&base->lock); base = new_base; raw_spin_lock(&base->lock); WRITE_ONCE(timer->flags, (timer->flags & ~TIMER_BASEMASK) | base->cpu); forward_timer_base(base); } } debug_timer_activate(timer); timer->expires = expires; /* * If 'idx' was calculated above and the base time did not advance * between calculating 'idx' and possibly switching the base, only * enqueue_timer() is required. Otherwise we need to (re)calculate * the wheel index via internal_add_timer(). */ if (idx != UINT_MAX && clk == base->clk) enqueue_timer(base, timer, idx, bucket_expiry); else internal_add_timer(base, timer); out_unlock: raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&base->lock, flags); return ret; } /** * mod_timer_pending - modify a pending timer's timeout * @timer: the pending timer to be modified * @expires: new timeout in jiffies * * mod_timer_pending() is the same for pending timers as mod_timer(), * but will not re-activate and modify already deleted timers. * * It is useful for unserialized use of timers. */ int mod_timer_pending(struct timer_list *timer, unsigned long expires) { return __mod_timer(timer, expires, MOD_TIMER_PENDING_ONLY); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(mod_timer_pending); /** * mod_timer - modify a timer's timeout * @timer: the timer to be modified * @expires: new timeout in jiffies * * mod_timer() is a more efficient way to update the expire field of an * active timer (if the timer is inactive it will be activated) * * mod_timer(timer, expires) is equivalent to: * * del_timer(timer); timer->expires = expires; add_timer(timer); * * Note that if there are multiple unserialized concurrent users of the * same timer, then mod_timer() is the only safe way to modify the timeout, * since add_timer() cannot modify an already running timer. * * The function returns whether it has modified a pending timer or not. * (ie. mod_timer() of an inactive timer returns 0, mod_timer() of an * active timer returns 1.) */ int mod_timer(struct timer_list *timer, unsigned long expires) { return __mod_timer(timer, expires, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(mod_timer); /** * timer_reduce - Modify a timer's timeout if it would reduce the timeout * @timer: The timer to be modified * @expires: New timeout in jiffies * * timer_reduce() is very similar to mod_timer(), except that it will only * modify a running timer if that would reduce the expiration time (it will * start a timer that isn't running). */ int timer_reduce(struct timer_list *timer, unsigned long expires) { return __mod_timer(timer, expires, MOD_TIMER_REDUCE); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(timer_reduce); /** * add_timer - start a timer * @timer: the timer to be added * * The kernel will do a ->function(@timer) callback from the * timer interrupt at the ->expires point in the future. The * current time is 'jiffies'. * * The timer's ->expires, ->function fields must be set prior calling this * function. * * Timers with an ->expires field in the past will be executed in the next * timer tick. */ void add_timer(struct timer_list *timer) { BUG_ON(timer_pending(timer)); __mod_timer(timer, timer->expires, MOD_TIMER_NOTPENDING); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(add_timer); /** * add_timer_on - start a timer on a particular CPU * @timer: the timer to be added * @cpu: the CPU to start it on * * This is not very scalable on SMP. Double adds are not possible. */ void add_timer_on(struct timer_list *timer, int cpu) { struct timer_base *new_base, *base; unsigned long flags; BUG_ON(timer_pending(timer) || !timer->function); new_base = get_timer_cpu_base(timer->flags, cpu); /* * If @timer was on a different CPU, it should be migrated with the * old base locked to prevent other operations proceeding with the * wrong base locked. See lock_timer_base(). */ base = lock_timer_base(timer, &flags); if (base != new_base) { timer->flags |= TIMER_MIGRATING; raw_spin_unlock(&base->lock); base = new_base; raw_spin_lock(&base->lock); WRITE_ONCE(timer->flags, (timer->flags & ~TIMER_BASEMASK) | cpu); } forward_timer_base(base); debug_timer_activate(timer); internal_add_timer(base, timer); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&base->lock, flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(add_timer_on); /** * del_timer - deactivate a timer. * @timer: the timer to be deactivated * * del_timer() deactivates a timer - this works on both active and inactive * timers. * * The function returns whether it has deactivated a pending timer or not. * (ie. del_timer() of an inactive timer returns 0, del_timer() of an * active timer returns 1.) */ int del_timer(struct timer_list *timer) { struct timer_base *base; unsigned long flags; int ret = 0; debug_assert_init(timer); if (timer_pending(timer)) { base = lock_timer_base(timer, &flags); ret = detach_if_pending(timer, base, true); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&base->lock, flags); } return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(del_timer); /** * try_to_del_timer_sync - Try to deactivate a timer * @timer: timer to delete * * This function tries to deactivate a timer. Upon successful (ret >= 0) * exit the timer is not queued and the handler is not running on any CPU. */ int try_to_del_timer_sync(struct timer_list *timer) { struct timer_base *base; unsigned long flags; int ret = -1; debug_assert_init(timer); base = lock_timer_base(timer, &flags); if (base->running_timer != timer) ret = detach_if_pending(timer, base, true); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&base->lock, flags); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(try_to_del_timer_sync); #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT static __init void timer_base_init_expiry_lock(struct timer_base *base) { spin_lock_init(&base->expiry_lock); } static inline void timer_base_lock_expiry(struct timer_base *base) { spin_lock(&base->expiry_lock); } static inline void timer_base_unlock_expiry(struct timer_base *base) { spin_unlock(&base->expiry_lock); } /* * The counterpart to del_timer_wait_running(). * * If there is a waiter for base->expiry_lock, then it was waiting for the * timer callback to finish. Drop expiry_lock and reaquire it. That allows * the waiter to acquire the lock and make progress. */ static void timer_sync_wait_running(struct timer_base *base) { if (atomic_read(&base->timer_waiters)) { raw_spin_unlock_irq(&base->lock); spin_unlock(&base->expiry_lock); spin_lock(&base->expiry_lock); raw_spin_lock_irq(&base->lock); } } /* * This function is called on PREEMPT_RT kernels when the fast path * deletion of a timer failed because the timer callback function was * running. * * This prevents priority inversion, if the softirq thread on a remote CPU * got preempted, and it prevents a life lock when the task which tries to * delete a timer preempted the softirq thread running the timer callback * function. */ static void del_timer_wait_running(struct timer_list *timer) { u32 tf; tf = READ_ONCE(timer->flags); if (!(tf & TIMER_MIGRATING)) { struct timer_base *base = get_timer_base(tf); /* * Mark the base as contended and grab the expiry lock, * which is held by the softirq across the timer * callback. Drop the lock immediately so the softirq can * expire the next timer. In theory the timer could already * be running again, but that's more than unlikely and just * causes another wait loop. */ atomic_inc(&base->timer_waiters); spin_lock_bh(&base->expiry_lock); atomic_dec(&base->timer_waiters); spin_unlock_bh(&base->expiry_lock); } } #else static inline void timer_base_init_expiry_lock(struct timer_base *base) { } static inline void timer_base_lock_expiry(struct timer_base *base) { } static inline void timer_base_unlock_expiry(struct timer_base *base) { } static inline void timer_sync_wait_running(struct timer_base *base) { } static inline void del_timer_wait_running(struct timer_list *timer) { } #endif #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT) /** * del_timer_sync - deactivate a timer and wait for the handler to finish. * @timer: the timer to be deactivated * * This function only differs from del_timer() on SMP: besides deactivating * the timer it also makes sure the handler has finished executing on other * CPUs. * * Synchronization rules: Callers must prevent restarting of the timer, * otherwise this function is meaningless. It must not be called from * interrupt contexts unless the timer is an irqsafe one. The caller must * not hold locks which would prevent completion of the timer's * handler. The timer's handler must not call add_timer_on(). Upon exit the * timer is not queued and the handler is not running on any CPU. * * Note: For !irqsafe timers, you must not hold locks that are held in * interrupt context while calling this function. Even if the lock has * nothing to do with the timer in question. Here's why:: * * CPU0 CPU1 * ---- ---- * <SOFTIRQ> * call_timer_fn(); * base->running_timer = mytimer; * spin_lock_irq(somelock); * <IRQ> * spin_lock(somelock); * del_timer_sync(mytimer); * while (base->running_timer == mytimer); * * Now del_timer_sync() will never return and never release somelock. * The interrupt on the other CPU is waiting to grab somelock but * it has interrupted the softirq that CPU0 is waiting to finish. * * The function returns whether it has deactivated a pending timer or not. */ int del_timer_sync(struct timer_list *timer) { int ret; #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP unsigned long flags; /* * If lockdep gives a backtrace here, please reference * the synchronization rules above. */ local_irq_save(flags); lock_map_acquire(&timer->lockdep_map); lock_map_release(&timer->lockdep_map); local_irq_restore(flags); #endif /* * don't use it in hardirq context, because it * could lead to deadlock. */ WARN_ON(in_irq() && !(timer->flags & TIMER_IRQSAFE)); do { ret = try_to_del_timer_sync(timer); if (unlikely(ret < 0)) { del_timer_wait_running(timer); cpu_relax(); } } while (ret < 0); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(del_timer_sync); #endif static void call_timer_fn(struct timer_list *timer, void (*fn)(struct timer_list *), unsigned long baseclk) { int count = preempt_count(); #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP /* * It is permissible to free the timer from inside the * function that is called from it, this we need to take into * account for lockdep too. To avoid bogus "held lock freed" * warnings as well as problems when looking into * timer->lockdep_map, make a copy and use that here. */ struct lockdep_map lockdep_map; lockdep_copy_map(&lockdep_map, &timer->lockdep_map); #endif /* * Couple the lock chain with the lock chain at * del_timer_sync() by acquiring the lock_map around the fn() * call here and in del_timer_sync(). */ lock_map_acquire(&lockdep_map); trace_timer_expire_entry(timer, baseclk); fn(timer); trace_timer_expire_exit(timer); lock_map_release(&lockdep_map); if (count != preempt_count()) { WARN_ONCE(1, "timer: %pS preempt leak: %08x -> %08x\n", fn, count, preempt_count()); /* * Restore the preempt count. That gives us a decent * chance to survive and extract information. If the * callback kept a lock held, bad luck, but not worse * than the BUG() we had. */ preempt_count_set(count); } } static void expire_timers(struct timer_base *base, struct hlist_head *head) { /* * This value is required only for tracing. base->clk was * incremented directly before expire_timers was called. But expiry * is related to the old base->clk value. */ unsigned long baseclk = base->clk - 1; while (!hlist_empty(head)) { struct timer_list *timer; void (*fn)(struct timer_list *); timer = hlist_entry(head->first, struct timer_list, entry); base->running_timer = timer; detach_timer(timer, true); fn = timer->function; if (timer->flags & TIMER_IRQSAFE) { raw_spin_unlock(&base->lock); call_timer_fn(timer, fn, baseclk); raw_spin_lock(&base->lock); base->running_timer = NULL; } else { raw_spin_unlock_irq(&base->lock); call_timer_fn(timer, fn, baseclk); raw_spin_lock_irq(&base->lock); base->running_timer = NULL; timer_sync_wait_running(base); } } } static int collect_expired_timers(struct timer_base *base, struct hlist_head *heads) { unsigned long clk = base->clk = base->next_expiry; struct hlist_head *vec; int i, levels = 0; unsigned int idx; for (i = 0; i < LVL_DEPTH; i++) { idx = (clk & LVL_MASK) + i * LVL_SIZE; if (__test_and_clear_bit(idx, base->pending_map)) { vec = base->vectors + idx; hlist_move_list(vec, heads++); levels++; } /* Is it time to look at the next level? */ if (clk & LVL_CLK_MASK) break; /* Shift clock for the next level granularity */ clk >>= LVL_CLK_SHIFT; } return levels; } /* * Find the next pending bucket of a level. Search from level start (@offset) * + @clk upwards and if nothing there, search from start of the level * (@offset) up to @offset + clk. */ static int next_pending_bucket(struct timer_base *base, unsigned offset, unsigned clk) { unsigned pos, start = offset + clk; unsigned end = offset + LVL_SIZE; pos = find_next_bit(base->pending_map, end, start); if (pos < end) return pos - start; pos = find_next_bit(base->pending_map, start, offset); return pos < start ? pos + LVL_SIZE - start : -1; } /* * Search the first expiring timer in the various clock levels. Caller must * hold base->lock. */ static unsigned long __next_timer_interrupt(struct timer_base *base) { unsigned long clk, next, adj; unsigned lvl, offset = 0; next = base->clk + NEXT_TIMER_MAX_DELTA; clk = base->clk; for (lvl = 0; lvl < LVL_DEPTH; lvl++, offset += LVL_SIZE) { int pos = next_pending_bucket(base, offset, clk & LVL_MASK); unsigned long lvl_clk = clk & LVL_CLK_MASK; if (pos >= 0) { unsigned long tmp = clk + (unsigned long) pos; tmp <<= LVL_SHIFT(lvl); if (time_before(tmp, next)) next = tmp; /* * If the next expiration happens before we reach * the next level, no need to check further. */ if (pos <= ((LVL_CLK_DIV - lvl_clk) & LVL_CLK_MASK)) break; } /* * Clock for the next level. If the current level clock lower * bits are zero, we look at the next level as is. If not we * need to advance it by one because that's going to be the * next expiring bucket in that level. base->clk is the next * expiring jiffie. So in case of: * * LVL5 LVL4 LVL3 LVL2 LVL1 LVL0 * 0 0 0 0 0 0 * * we have to look at all levels @index 0. With * * LVL5 LVL4 LVL3 LVL2 LVL1 LVL0 * 0 0 0 0 0 2 * * LVL0 has the next expiring bucket @index 2. The upper * levels have the next expiring bucket @index 1. * * In case that the propagation wraps the next level the same * rules apply: * * LVL5 LVL4 LVL3 LVL2 LVL1 LVL0 * 0 0 0 0 F 2 * * So after looking at LVL0 we get: * * LVL5 LVL4 LVL3 LVL2 LVL1 * 0 0 0 1 0 * * So no propagation from LVL1 to LVL2 because that happened * with the add already, but then we need to propagate further * from LVL2 to LVL3. * * So the simple check whether the lower bits of the current * level are 0 or not is sufficient for all cases. */ adj = lvl_clk ? 1 : 0; clk >>= LVL_CLK_SHIFT; clk += adj; } base->next_expiry_recalc = false; base->timers_pending = !(next == base->clk + NEXT_TIMER_MAX_DELTA); return next; } #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_COMMON /* * Check, if the next hrtimer event is before the next timer wheel * event: */ static u64 cmp_next_hrtimer_event(u64 basem, u64 expires) { u64 nextevt = hrtimer_get_next_event(); /* * If high resolution timers are enabled * hrtimer_get_next_event() returns KTIME_MAX. */ if (expires <= nextevt) return expires; /* * If the next timer is already expired, return the tick base * time so the tick is fired immediately. */ if (nextevt <= basem) return basem; /* * Round up to the next jiffie. High resolution timers are * off, so the hrtimers are expired in the tick and we need to * make sure that this tick really expires the timer to avoid * a ping pong of the nohz stop code. * * Use DIV_ROUND_UP_ULL to prevent gcc calling __divdi3 */ return DIV_ROUND_UP_ULL(nextevt, TICK_NSEC) * TICK_NSEC; } /** * get_next_timer_interrupt - return the time (clock mono) of the next timer * @basej: base time jiffies * @basem: base time clock monotonic * * Returns the tick aligned clock monotonic time of the next pending * timer or KTIME_MAX if no timer is pending. */ u64 get_next_timer_interrupt(unsigned long basej, u64 basem) { struct timer_base *base = this_cpu_ptr(&timer_bases[BASE_STD]); u64 expires = KTIME_MAX; unsigned long nextevt; /* * Pretend that there is no timer pending if the cpu is offline. * Possible pending timers will be migrated later to an active cpu. */ if (cpu_is_offline(smp_processor_id())) return expires; raw_spin_lock(&base->lock); if (base->next_expiry_recalc) base->next_expiry = __next_timer_interrupt(base); nextevt = base->next_expiry; /* * We have a fresh next event. Check whether we can forward the * base. We can only do that when @basej is past base->clk * otherwise we might rewind base->clk. */ if (time_after(basej, base->clk)) { if (time_after(nextevt, basej)) base->clk = basej; else if (time_after(nextevt, base->clk)) base->clk = nextevt; } if (time_before_eq(nextevt, basej)) { expires = basem; base->is_idle = false; } else { if (base->timers_pending) expires = basem + (u64)(nextevt - basej) * TICK_NSEC; /* * If we expect to sleep more than a tick, mark the base idle. * Also the tick is stopped so any added timer must forward * the base clk itself to keep granularity small. This idle * logic is only maintained for the BASE_STD base, deferrable * timers may still see large granularity skew (by design). */ if ((expires - basem) > TICK_NSEC) base->is_idle = true; } raw_spin_unlock(&base->lock); return cmp_next_hrtimer_event(basem, expires); } /** * timer_clear_idle - Clear the idle state of the timer base * * Called with interrupts disabled */ void timer_clear_idle(void) { struct timer_base *base = this_cpu_ptr(&timer_bases[BASE_STD]); /* * We do this unlocked. The worst outcome is a remote enqueue sending * a pointless IPI, but taking the lock would just make the window for * sending the IPI a few instructions smaller for the cost of taking * the lock in the exit from idle path. */ base->is_idle = false; } #endif /* * Called from the timer interrupt handler to charge one tick to the current * process. user_tick is 1 if the tick is user time, 0 for system. */ void update_process_times(int user_tick) { struct task_struct *p = current; PRANDOM_ADD_NOISE(jiffies, user_tick, p, 0); /* Note: this timer irq context must be accounted for as well. */ account_process_tick(p, user_tick); run_local_timers(); rcu_sched_clock_irq(user_tick); #ifdef CONFIG_IRQ_WORK if (in_irq()) irq_work_tick(); #endif scheduler_tick(); if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS)) run_posix_cpu_timers(); } /** * __run_timers - run all expired timers (if any) on this CPU. * @base: the timer vector to be processed. */ static inline void __run_timers(struct timer_base *base) { struct hlist_head heads[LVL_DEPTH]; int levels; if (time_before(jiffies, base->next_expiry)) return; timer_base_lock_expiry(base); raw_spin_lock_irq(&base->lock); while (time_after_eq(jiffies, base->clk) && time_after_eq(jiffies, base->next_expiry)) { levels = collect_expired_timers(base, heads); /* * The only possible reason for not finding any expired * timer at this clk is that all matching timers have been * dequeued. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(!levels && !base->next_expiry_recalc); base->clk++; base->next_expiry = __next_timer_interrupt(base); while (levels--) expire_timers(base, heads + levels); } raw_spin_unlock_irq(&base->lock); timer_base_unlock_expiry(base); } /* * This function runs timers and the timer-tq in bottom half context. */ static __latent_entropy void run_timer_softirq(struct softirq_action *h) { struct timer_base *base = this_cpu_ptr(&timer_bases[BASE_STD]); __run_timers(base); if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NO_HZ_COMMON)) __run_timers(this_cpu_ptr(&timer_bases[BASE_DEF])); } /* * Called by the local, per-CPU timer interrupt on SMP. */ void run_local_timers(void) { struct timer_base *base = this_cpu_ptr(&timer_bases[BASE_STD]); hrtimer_run_queues(); /* Raise the softirq only if required. */ if (time_before(jiffies, base->next_expiry)) { if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NO_HZ_COMMON)) return; /* CPU is awake, so check the deferrable base. */ base++; if (time_before(jiffies, base->next_expiry)) return; } raise_softirq(TIMER_SOFTIRQ); } /* * Since schedule_timeout()'s timer is defined on the stack, it must store * the target task on the stack as well. */ struct process_timer { struct timer_list timer; struct task_struct *task; }; static void process_timeout(struct timer_list *t) { struct process_timer *timeout = from_timer(timeout, t, timer); wake_up_process(timeout->task); } /** * schedule_timeout - sleep until timeout * @timeout: timeout value in jiffies * * Make the current task sleep until @timeout jiffies have elapsed. * The function behavior depends on the current task state * (see also set_current_state() description): * * %TASK_RUNNING - the scheduler is called, but the task does not sleep * at all. That happens because sched_submit_work() does nothing for * tasks in %TASK_RUNNING state. * * %TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE - at least @timeout jiffies are guaranteed to * pass before the routine returns unless the current task is explicitly * woken up, (e.g. by wake_up_process()). * * %TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE - the routine may return early if a signal is * delivered to the current task or the current task is explicitly woken * up. * * The current task state is guaranteed to be %TASK_RUNNING when this * routine returns. * * Specifying a @timeout value of %MAX_SCHEDULE_TIMEOUT will schedule * the CPU away without a bound on the timeout. In this case the return * value will be %MAX_SCHEDULE_TIMEOUT. * * Returns 0 when the timer has expired otherwise the remaining time in * jiffies will be returned. In all cases the return value is guaranteed * to be non-negative. */ signed long __sched schedule_timeout(signed long timeout) { struct process_timer timer; unsigned long expire; switch (timeout) { case MAX_SCHEDULE_TIMEOUT: /* * These two special cases are useful to be comfortable * in the caller. Nothing more. We could take * MAX_SCHEDULE_TIMEOUT from one of the negative value * but I' d like to return a valid offset (>=0) to allow * the caller to do everything it want with the retval. */ schedule(); goto out; default: /* * Another bit of PARANOID. Note that the retval will be * 0 since no piece of kernel is supposed to do a check * for a negative retval of schedule_timeout() (since it * should never happens anyway). You just have the printk() * that will tell you if something is gone wrong and where. */ if (timeout < 0) { printk(KERN_ERR "schedule_timeout: wrong timeout " "value %lx\n", timeout); dump_stack(); current->state = TASK_RUNNING; goto out; } } expire = timeout + jiffies; timer.task = current; timer_setup_on_stack(&timer.timer, process_timeout, 0); __mod_timer(&timer.timer, expire, MOD_TIMER_NOTPENDING); schedule(); del_singleshot_timer_sync(&timer.timer); /* Remove the timer from the object tracker */ destroy_timer_on_stack(&timer.timer); timeout = expire - jiffies; out: return timeout < 0 ? 0 : timeout; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(schedule_timeout); /* * We can use __set_current_state() here because schedule_timeout() calls * schedule() unconditionally. */ signed long __sched schedule_timeout_interruptible(signed long timeout) { __set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE); return schedule_timeout(timeout); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(schedule_timeout_interruptible); signed long __sched schedule_timeout_killable(signed long timeout) { __set_current_state(TASK_KILLABLE); return schedule_timeout(timeout); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(schedule_timeout_killable); signed long __sched schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(signed long timeout) { __set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE); return schedule_timeout(timeout); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(schedule_timeout_uninterruptible); /* * Like schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(), except this task will not contribute * to load average. */ signed long __sched schedule_timeout_idle(signed long timeout) { __set_current_state(TASK_IDLE); return schedule_timeout(timeout); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(schedule_timeout_idle); #ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU static void migrate_timer_list(struct timer_base *new_base, struct hlist_head *head) { struct timer_list *timer; int cpu = new_base->cpu; while (!hlist_empty(head)) { timer = hlist_entry(head->first, struct timer_list, entry); detach_timer(timer, false); timer->flags = (timer->flags & ~TIMER_BASEMASK) | cpu; internal_add_timer(new_base, timer); } } int timers_prepare_cpu(unsigned int cpu) { struct timer_base *base; int b; for (b = 0; b < NR_BASES; b++) { base = per_cpu_ptr(&timer_bases[b], cpu); base->clk = jiffies; base->next_expiry = base->clk + NEXT_TIMER_MAX_DELTA; base->timers_pending = false; base->is_idle = false; } return 0; } int timers_dead_cpu(unsigned int cpu) { struct timer_base *old_base; struct timer_base *new_base; int b, i; BUG_ON(cpu_online(cpu)); for (b = 0; b < NR_BASES; b++) { old_base = per_cpu_ptr(&timer_bases[b], cpu); new_base = get_cpu_ptr(&timer_bases[b]); /* * The caller is globally serialized and nobody else * takes two locks at once, deadlock is not possible. */ raw_spin_lock_irq(&new_base->lock); raw_spin_lock_nested(&old_base->lock, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING); /* * The current CPUs base clock might be stale. Update it * before moving the timers over. */ forward_timer_base(new_base); BUG_ON(old_base->running_timer); for (i = 0; i < WHEEL_SIZE; i++) migrate_timer_list(new_base, old_base->vectors + i); raw_spin_unlock(&old_base->lock); raw_spin_unlock_irq(&new_base->lock); put_cpu_ptr(&timer_bases); } return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU */ static void __init init_timer_cpu(int cpu) { struct timer_base *base; int i; for (i = 0; i < NR_BASES; i++) { base = per_cpu_ptr(&timer_bases[i], cpu); base->cpu = cpu; raw_spin_lock_init(&base->lock); base->clk = jiffies; base->next_expiry = base->clk + NEXT_TIMER_MAX_DELTA; timer_base_init_expiry_lock(base); } } static void __init init_timer_cpus(void) { int cpu; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) init_timer_cpu(cpu); } void __init init_timers(void) { init_timer_cpus(); posix_cputimers_init_work(); open_softirq(TIMER_SOFTIRQ, run_timer_softirq); } /** * msleep - sleep safely even with waitqueue interruptions * @msecs: Time in milliseconds to sleep for */ void msleep(unsigned int msecs) { unsigned long timeout = msecs_to_jiffies(msecs) + 1; while (timeout) timeout = schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(timeout); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(msleep); /** * msleep_interruptible - sleep waiting for signals * @msecs: Time in milliseconds to sleep for */ unsigned long msleep_interruptible(unsigned int msecs) { unsigned long timeout = msecs_to_jiffies(msecs) + 1; while (timeout && !signal_pending(current)) timeout = schedule_timeout_interruptible(timeout); return jiffies_to_msecs(timeout); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(msleep_interruptible); /** * usleep_range - Sleep for an approximate time * @min: Minimum time in usecs to sleep * @max: Maximum time in usecs to sleep * * In non-atomic context where the exact wakeup time is flexible, use * usleep_range() instead of udelay(). The sleep improves responsiveness * by avoiding the CPU-hogging busy-wait of udelay(), and the range reduces * power usage by allowing hrtimers to take advantage of an already- * scheduled interrupt instead of scheduling a new one just for this sleep. */ void __sched usleep_range(unsigned long min, unsigned long max) { ktime_t exp = ktime_add_us(ktime_get(), min); u64 delta = (u64)(max - min) * NSEC_PER_USEC; for (;;) { __set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE); /* Do not return before the requested sleep time has elapsed */ if (!schedule_hrtimeout_range(&exp, delta, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS)) break; } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(usleep_range);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* File: fs/ext4/xattr.h On-disk format of extended attributes for the ext4 filesystem. (C) 2001 Andreas Gruenbacher, <a.gruenbacher@computer.org> */ #include <linux/xattr.h> /* Magic value in attribute blocks */ #define EXT4_XATTR_MAGIC 0xEA020000 /* Maximum number of references to one attribute block */ #define EXT4_XATTR_REFCOUNT_MAX 1024 /* Name indexes */ #define EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_USER 1 #define EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_POSIX_ACL_ACCESS 2 #define EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_POSIX_ACL_DEFAULT 3 #define EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_TRUSTED 4 #define EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_LUSTRE 5 #define EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_SECURITY 6 #define EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_SYSTEM 7 #define EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_RICHACL 8 #define EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_ENCRYPTION 9 #define EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_HURD 10 /* Reserved for Hurd */ struct ext4_xattr_header { __le32 h_magic; /* magic number for identification */ __le32 h_refcount; /* reference count */ __le32 h_blocks; /* number of disk blocks used */ __le32 h_hash; /* hash value of all attributes */ __le32 h_checksum; /* crc32c(uuid+id+xattrblock) */ /* id = inum if refcount=1, blknum otherwise */ __u32 h_reserved[3]; /* zero right now */ }; struct ext4_xattr_ibody_header { __le32 h_magic; /* magic number for identification */ }; struct ext4_xattr_entry { __u8 e_name_len; /* length of name */ __u8 e_name_index; /* attribute name index */ __le16 e_value_offs; /* offset in disk block of value */ __le32 e_value_inum; /* inode in which the value is stored */ __le32 e_value_size; /* size of attribute value */ __le32 e_hash; /* hash value of name and value */ char e_name[]; /* attribute name */ }; #define EXT4_XATTR_PAD_BITS 2 #define EXT4_XATTR_PAD (1<<EXT4_XATTR_PAD_BITS) #define EXT4_XATTR_ROUND (EXT4_XATTR_PAD-1) #define EXT4_XATTR_LEN(name_len) \ (((name_len) + EXT4_XATTR_ROUND + \ sizeof(struct ext4_xattr_entry)) & ~EXT4_XATTR_ROUND) #define EXT4_XATTR_NEXT(entry) \ ((struct ext4_xattr_entry *)( \ (char *)(entry) + EXT4_XATTR_LEN((entry)->e_name_len))) #define EXT4_XATTR_SIZE(size) \ (((size) + EXT4_XATTR_ROUND) & ~EXT4_XATTR_ROUND) #define IHDR(inode, raw_inode) \ ((struct ext4_xattr_ibody_header *) \ ((void *)raw_inode + \ EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE + \ EXT4_I(inode)->i_extra_isize)) #define IFIRST(hdr) ((struct ext4_xattr_entry *)((hdr)+1)) /* * XATTR_SIZE_MAX is currently 64k, but for the purposes of checking * for file system consistency errors, we use a somewhat bigger value. * This allows XATTR_SIZE_MAX to grow in the future, but by using this * instead of INT_MAX for certain consistency checks, we don't need to * worry about arithmetic overflows. (Actually XATTR_SIZE_MAX is * defined in include/uapi/linux/limits.h, so changing it is going * not going to be trivial....) */ #define EXT4_XATTR_SIZE_MAX (1 << 24) /* * The minimum size of EA value when you start storing it in an external inode * size of block - size of header - size of 1 entry - 4 null bytes */ #define EXT4_XATTR_MIN_LARGE_EA_SIZE(b) \ ((b) - EXT4_XATTR_LEN(3) - sizeof(struct ext4_xattr_header) - 4) #define BHDR(bh) ((struct ext4_xattr_header *)((bh)->b_data)) #define ENTRY(ptr) ((struct ext4_xattr_entry *)(ptr)) #define BFIRST(bh) ENTRY(BHDR(bh)+1) #define IS_LAST_ENTRY(entry) (*(__u32 *)(entry) == 0) #define EXT4_ZERO_XATTR_VALUE ((void *)-1) struct ext4_xattr_info { const char *name; const void *value; size_t value_len; int name_index; int in_inode; }; struct ext4_xattr_search { struct ext4_xattr_entry *first; void *base; void *end; struct ext4_xattr_entry *here; int not_found; }; struct ext4_xattr_ibody_find { struct ext4_xattr_search s; struct ext4_iloc iloc; }; struct ext4_xattr_inode_array { unsigned int count; /* # of used items in the array */ struct inode *inodes[]; }; extern const struct xattr_handler ext4_xattr_user_handler; extern const struct xattr_handler ext4_xattr_trusted_handler; extern const struct xattr_handler ext4_xattr_security_handler; extern const struct xattr_handler ext4_xattr_hurd_handler; #define EXT4_XATTR_NAME_ENCRYPTION_CONTEXT "c" /* * The EXT4_STATE_NO_EXPAND is overloaded and used for two purposes. * The first is to signal that there the inline xattrs and data are * taking up so much space that we might as well not keep trying to * expand it. The second is that xattr_sem is taken for writing, so * we shouldn't try to recurse into the inode expansion. For this * second case, we need to make sure that we take save and restore the * NO_EXPAND state flag appropriately. */ static inline void ext4_write_lock_xattr(struct inode *inode, int *save) { down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem); *save = ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_NO_EXPAND); ext4_set_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_NO_EXPAND); } static inline int ext4_write_trylock_xattr(struct inode *inode, int *save) { if (down_write_trylock(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem) == 0) return 0; *save = ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_NO_EXPAND); ext4_set_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_NO_EXPAND); return 1; } static inline void ext4_write_unlock_xattr(struct inode *inode, int *save) { if (*save == 0) ext4_clear_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_NO_EXPAND); up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem); } extern ssize_t ext4_listxattr(struct dentry *, char *, size_t); extern int ext4_xattr_get(struct inode *, int, const char *, void *, size_t); extern int ext4_xattr_set(struct inode *, int, const char *, const void *, size_t, int); extern int ext4_xattr_set_handle(handle_t *, struct inode *, int, const char *, const void *, size_t, int); extern int ext4_xattr_set_credits(struct inode *inode, size_t value_len, bool is_create, int *credits); extern int __ext4_xattr_set_credits(struct super_block *sb, struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *block_bh, size_t value_len, bool is_create); extern int ext4_xattr_delete_inode(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_xattr_inode_array **array, int extra_credits); extern void ext4_xattr_inode_array_free(struct ext4_xattr_inode_array *array); extern int ext4_expand_extra_isize_ea(struct inode *inode, int new_extra_isize, struct ext4_inode *raw_inode, handle_t *handle); extern const struct xattr_handler *ext4_xattr_handlers[]; extern int ext4_xattr_ibody_find(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_xattr_info *i, struct ext4_xattr_ibody_find *is); extern int ext4_xattr_ibody_get(struct inode *inode, int name_index, const char *name, void *buffer, size_t buffer_size); extern int ext4_xattr_ibody_inline_set(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_xattr_info *i, struct ext4_xattr_ibody_find *is); extern struct mb_cache *ext4_xattr_create_cache(void); extern void ext4_xattr_destroy_cache(struct mb_cache *); #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_FS_SECURITY extern int ext4_init_security(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *qstr); #else static inline int ext4_init_security(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *qstr) { return 0; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP extern void ext4_xattr_inode_set_class(struct inode *ea_inode); #else static inline void ext4_xattr_inode_set_class(struct inode *ea_inode) { } #endif extern int ext4_get_inode_usage(struct inode *inode, qsize_t *usage);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * User-mode machine state access * * Copyright (C) 2007 Red Hat, Inc. All rights reserved. * * Red Hat Author: Roland McGrath. */ #ifndef _LINUX_REGSET_H #define _LINUX_REGSET_H 1 #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> struct task_struct; struct user_regset; struct membuf { void *p; size_t left; }; static inline int membuf_zero(struct membuf *s, size_t size) { if (s->left) { if (size > s->left) size = s->left; memset(s->p, 0, size); s->p += size; s->left -= size; } return s->left; } static inline int membuf_write(struct membuf *s, const void *v, size_t size) { if (s->left) { if (size > s->left) size = s->left; memcpy(s->p, v, size); s->p += size; s->left -= size; } return s->left; } /* current s->p must be aligned for v; v must be a scalar */ #define membuf_store(s, v) \ ({ \ struct membuf *__s = (s); \ if (__s->left) { \ typeof(v) __v = (v); \ size_t __size = sizeof(__v); \ if (unlikely(__size > __s->left)) { \ __size = __s->left; \ memcpy(__s->p, &__v, __size); \ } else { \ *(typeof(__v + 0) *)__s->p = __v; \ } \ __s->p += __size; \ __s->left -= __size; \ } \ __s->left;}) /** * user_regset_active_fn - type of @active function in &struct user_regset * @target: thread being examined * @regset: regset being examined * * Return -%ENODEV if not available on the hardware found. * Return %0 if no interesting state in this thread. * Return >%0 number of @size units of interesting state. * Any get call fetching state beyond that number will * see the default initialization state for this data, * so a caller that knows what the default state is need * not copy it all out. * This call is optional; the pointer is %NULL if there * is no inexpensive check to yield a value < @n. */ typedef int user_regset_active_fn(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset); typedef int user_regset_get2_fn(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset, struct membuf to); /** * user_regset_set_fn - type of @set function in &struct user_regset * @target: thread being examined * @regset: regset being examined * @pos: offset into the regset data to access, in bytes * @count: amount of data to copy, in bytes * @kbuf: if not %NULL, a kernel-space pointer to copy from * @ubuf: if @kbuf is %NULL, a user-space pointer to copy from * * Store register values. Return %0 on success; -%EIO or -%ENODEV * are usual failure returns. The @pos and @count values are in * bytes, but must be properly aligned. If @kbuf is non-null, that * buffer is used and @ubuf is ignored. If @kbuf is %NULL, then * ubuf gives a userland pointer to access directly, and an -%EFAULT * return value is possible. */ typedef int user_regset_set_fn(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset, unsigned int pos, unsigned int count, const void *kbuf, const void __user *ubuf); /** * user_regset_writeback_fn - type of @writeback function in &struct user_regset * @target: thread being examined * @regset: regset being examined * @immediate: zero if writeback at completion of next context switch is OK * * This call is optional; usually the pointer is %NULL. When * provided, there is some user memory associated with this regset's * hardware, such as memory backing cached register data on register * window machines; the regset's data controls what user memory is * used (e.g. via the stack pointer value). * * Write register data back to user memory. If the @immediate flag * is nonzero, it must be written to the user memory so uaccess or * access_process_vm() can see it when this call returns; if zero, * then it must be written back by the time the task completes a * context switch (as synchronized with wait_task_inactive()). * Return %0 on success or if there was nothing to do, -%EFAULT for * a memory problem (bad stack pointer or whatever), or -%EIO for a * hardware problem. */ typedef int user_regset_writeback_fn(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset, int immediate); /** * struct user_regset - accessible thread CPU state * @n: Number of slots (registers). * @size: Size in bytes of a slot (register). * @align: Required alignment, in bytes. * @bias: Bias from natural indexing. * @core_note_type: ELF note @n_type value used in core dumps. * @get: Function to fetch values. * @set: Function to store values. * @active: Function to report if regset is active, or %NULL. * @writeback: Function to write data back to user memory, or %NULL. * * This data structure describes a machine resource we call a register set. * This is part of the state of an individual thread, not necessarily * actual CPU registers per se. A register set consists of a number of * similar slots, given by @n. Each slot is @size bytes, and aligned to * @align bytes (which is at least @size). For dynamically-sized * regsets, @n must contain the maximum possible number of slots for the * regset. * * For backward compatibility, the @get and @set methods must pad to, or * accept, @n * @size bytes, even if the current regset size is smaller. * The precise semantics of these operations depend on the regset being * accessed. * * The functions to which &struct user_regset members point must be * called only on the current thread or on a thread that is in * %TASK_STOPPED or %TASK_TRACED state, that we are guaranteed will not * be woken up and return to user mode, and that we have called * wait_task_inactive() on. (The target thread always might wake up for * SIGKILL while these functions are working, in which case that * thread's user_regset state might be scrambled.) * * The @pos argument must be aligned according to @align; the @count * argument must be a multiple of @size. These functions are not * responsible for checking for invalid arguments. * * When there is a natural value to use as an index, @bias gives the * difference between the natural index and the slot index for the * register set. For example, x86 GDT segment descriptors form a regset; * the segment selector produces a natural index, but only a subset of * that index space is available as a regset (the TLS slots); subtracting * @bias from a segment selector index value computes the regset slot. * * If nonzero, @core_note_type gives the n_type field (NT_* value) * of the core file note in which this regset's data appears. * NT_PRSTATUS is a special case in that the regset data starts at * offsetof(struct elf_prstatus, pr_reg) into the note data; that is * part of the per-machine ELF formats userland knows about. In * other cases, the core file note contains exactly the whole regset * (@n * @size) and nothing else. The core file note is normally * omitted when there is an @active function and it returns zero. */ struct user_regset { user_regset_get2_fn *regset_get; user_regset_set_fn *set; user_regset_active_fn *active; user_regset_writeback_fn *writeback; unsigned int n; unsigned int size; unsigned int align; unsigned int bias; unsigned int core_note_type; }; /** * struct user_regset_view - available regsets * @name: Identifier, e.g. UTS_MACHINE string. * @regsets: Array of @n regsets available in this view. * @n: Number of elements in @regsets. * @e_machine: ELF header @e_machine %EM_* value written in core dumps. * @e_flags: ELF header @e_flags value written in core dumps. * @ei_osabi: ELF header @e_ident[%EI_OSABI] value written in core dumps. * * A regset view is a collection of regsets (&struct user_regset, * above). This describes all the state of a thread that can be seen * from a given architecture/ABI environment. More than one view might * refer to the same &struct user_regset, or more than one regset * might refer to the same machine-specific state in the thread. For * example, a 32-bit thread's state could be examined from the 32-bit * view or from the 64-bit view. Either method reaches the same thread * register state, doing appropriate widening or truncation. */ struct user_regset_view { const char *name; const struct user_regset *regsets; unsigned int n; u32 e_flags; u16 e_machine; u8 ei_osabi; }; /* * This is documented here rather than at the definition sites because its * implementation is machine-dependent but its interface is universal. */ /** * task_user_regset_view - Return the process's native regset view. * @tsk: a thread of the process in question * * Return the &struct user_regset_view that is native for the given process. * For example, what it would access when it called ptrace(). * Throughout the life of the process, this only changes at exec. */ const struct user_regset_view *task_user_regset_view(struct task_struct *tsk); static inline int user_regset_copyin(unsigned int *pos, unsigned int *count, const void **kbuf, const void __user **ubuf, void *data, const int start_pos, const int end_pos) { if (*count == 0) return 0; BUG_ON(*pos < start_pos); if (end_pos < 0 || *pos < end_pos) { unsigned int copy = (end_pos < 0 ? *count : min(*count, end_pos - *pos)); data += *pos - start_pos; if (*kbuf) { memcpy(data, *kbuf, copy); *kbuf += copy; } else if (__copy_from_user(data, *ubuf, copy)) return -EFAULT; else *ubuf += copy; *pos += copy; *count -= copy; } return 0; } static inline int user_regset_copyin_ignore(unsigned int *pos, unsigned int *count, const void **kbuf, const void __user **ubuf, const int start_pos, const int end_pos) { if (*count == 0) return 0; BUG_ON(*pos < start_pos); if (end_pos < 0 || *pos < end_pos) { unsigned int copy = (end_pos < 0 ? *count : min(*count, end_pos - *pos)); if (*kbuf) *kbuf += copy; else *ubuf += copy; *pos += copy; *count -= copy; } return 0; } extern int regset_get(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset, unsigned int size, void *data); extern int regset_get_alloc(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset, unsigned int size, void **data); extern int copy_regset_to_user(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset_view *view, unsigned int setno, unsigned int offset, unsigned int size, void __user *data); /** * copy_regset_from_user - store into thread's user_regset data from user memory * @target: thread to be examined * @view: &struct user_regset_view describing user thread machine state * @setno: index in @view->regsets * @offset: offset into the regset data, in bytes * @size: amount of data to copy, in bytes * @data: user-mode pointer to copy from */ static inline int copy_regset_from_user(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset_view *view, unsigned int setno, unsigned int offset, unsigned int size, const void __user *data) { const struct user_regset *regset = &view->regsets[setno]; if (!regset->set) return -EOPNOTSUPP; if (!access_ok(data, size)) return -EFAULT; return regset->set(target, regset, offset, size, NULL, data); } #endif /* <linux/regset.h> */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* linux/net/inet/arp.h */ #ifndef _ARP_H #define _ARP_H #include <linux/if_arp.h> #include <linux/hash.h> #include <net/neighbour.h> extern struct neigh_table arp_tbl; static inline u32 arp_hashfn(const void *pkey, const struct net_device *dev, u32 *hash_rnd) { u32 key = *(const u32 *)pkey; u32 val = key ^ hash32_ptr(dev); return val * hash_rnd[0]; } #ifdef CONFIG_INET static inline struct neighbour *__ipv4_neigh_lookup_noref(struct net_device *dev, u32 key) { if (dev->flags & (IFF_LOOPBACK | IFF_POINTOPOINT)) key = INADDR_ANY; return ___neigh_lookup_noref(&arp_tbl, neigh_key_eq32, arp_hashfn, &key, dev); } #else static inline struct neighbour *__ipv4_neigh_lookup_noref(struct net_device *dev, u32 key) { return NULL; } #endif static inline struct neighbour *__ipv4_neigh_lookup(struct net_device *dev, u32 key) { struct neighbour *n; rcu_read_lock_bh(); n = __ipv4_neigh_lookup_noref(dev, key); if (n && !refcount_inc_not_zero(&n->refcnt)) n = NULL; rcu_read_unlock_bh(); return n; } static inline void __ipv4_confirm_neigh(struct net_device *dev, u32 key) { struct neighbour *n; rcu_read_lock_bh(); n = __ipv4_neigh_lookup_noref(dev, key); if (n) { unsigned long now = jiffies; /* avoid dirtying neighbour */ if (READ_ONCE(n->confirmed) != now) WRITE_ONCE(n->confirmed, now); } rcu_read_unlock_bh(); } void arp_init(void); int arp_ioctl(struct net *net, unsigned int cmd, void __user *arg); void arp_send(int type, int ptype, __be32 dest_ip, struct net_device *dev, __be32 src_ip, const unsigned char *dest_hw, const unsigned char *src_hw, const unsigned char *th); int arp_mc_map(__be32 addr, u8 *haddr, struct net_device *dev, int dir); void arp_ifdown(struct net_device *dev); struct sk_buff *arp_create(int type, int ptype, __be32 dest_ip, struct net_device *dev, __be32 src_ip, const unsigned char *dest_hw, const unsigned char *src_hw, const unsigned char *target_hw); void arp_xmit(struct sk_buff *skb); #endif /* _ARP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * linux/ipc/util.h * Copyright (C) 1999 Christoph Rohland * * ipc helper functions (c) 1999 Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> * namespaces support. 2006 OpenVZ, SWsoft Inc. * Pavel Emelianov <xemul@openvz.org> */ #ifndef _IPC_UTIL_H #define _IPC_UTIL_H #include <linux/unistd.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/ipc_namespace.h> /* * The IPC ID contains 2 separate numbers - index and sequence number. * By default, * bits 0-14: index (32k, 15 bits) * bits 15-30: sequence number (64k, 16 bits) * * When IPCMNI extension mode is turned on, the composition changes: * bits 0-23: index (16M, 24 bits) * bits 24-30: sequence number (128, 7 bits) */ #define IPCMNI_SHIFT 15 #define IPCMNI_EXTEND_SHIFT 24 #define IPCMNI_EXTEND_MIN_CYCLE (RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE * RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE) #define IPCMNI (1 << IPCMNI_SHIFT) #define IPCMNI_EXTEND (1 << IPCMNI_EXTEND_SHIFT) #ifdef CONFIG_SYSVIPC_SYSCTL extern int ipc_mni; extern int ipc_mni_shift; extern int ipc_min_cycle; #define ipcmni_seq_shift() ipc_mni_shift #define IPCMNI_IDX_MASK ((1 << ipc_mni_shift) - 1) #else /* CONFIG_SYSVIPC_SYSCTL */ #define ipc_mni IPCMNI #define ipc_min_cycle ((int)RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE) #define ipcmni_seq_shift() IPCMNI_SHIFT #define IPCMNI_IDX_MASK ((1 << IPCMNI_SHIFT) - 1) #endif /* CONFIG_SYSVIPC_SYSCTL */ void sem_init(void); void msg_init(void); void shm_init(void); struct ipc_namespace; struct pid_namespace; #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_MQUEUE extern void mq_clear_sbinfo(struct ipc_namespace *ns); extern void mq_put_mnt(struct ipc_namespace *ns); #else static inline void mq_clear_sbinfo(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { } static inline void mq_put_mnt(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SYSVIPC void sem_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns); void msg_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns); void shm_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns); void sem_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns); void msg_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns); void shm_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns); #else static inline void sem_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { } static inline void msg_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { } static inline void shm_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { } static inline void sem_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { } static inline void msg_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { } static inline void shm_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { } #endif /* * Structure that holds the parameters needed by the ipc operations * (see after) */ struct ipc_params { key_t key; int flg; union { size_t size; /* for shared memories */ int nsems; /* for semaphores */ } u; /* holds the getnew() specific param */ }; /* * Structure that holds some ipc operations. This structure is used to unify * the calls to sys_msgget(), sys_semget(), sys_shmget() * . routine to call to create a new ipc object. Can be one of newque, * newary, newseg * . routine to call to check permissions for a new ipc object. * Can be one of security_msg_associate, security_sem_associate, * security_shm_associate * . routine to call for an extra check if needed */ struct ipc_ops { int (*getnew)(struct ipc_namespace *, struct ipc_params *); int (*associate)(struct kern_ipc_perm *, int); int (*more_checks)(struct kern_ipc_perm *, struct ipc_params *); }; struct seq_file; struct ipc_ids; void ipc_init_ids(struct ipc_ids *ids); #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS void __init ipc_init_proc_interface(const char *path, const char *header, int ids, int (*show)(struct seq_file *, void *)); struct pid_namespace *ipc_seq_pid_ns(struct seq_file *); #else #define ipc_init_proc_interface(path, header, ids, show) do {} while (0) #endif #define IPC_SEM_IDS 0 #define IPC_MSG_IDS 1 #define IPC_SHM_IDS 2 #define ipcid_to_idx(id) ((id) & IPCMNI_IDX_MASK) #define ipcid_to_seqx(id) ((id) >> ipcmni_seq_shift()) #define ipcid_seq_max() (INT_MAX >> ipcmni_seq_shift()) /* must be called with ids->rwsem acquired for writing */ int ipc_addid(struct ipc_ids *, struct kern_ipc_perm *, int); /* must be called with both locks acquired. */ void ipc_rmid(struct ipc_ids *, struct kern_ipc_perm *); /* must be called with both locks acquired. */ void ipc_set_key_private(struct ipc_ids *, struct kern_ipc_perm *); /* must be called with ipcp locked */ int ipcperms(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp, short flg); /** * ipc_get_maxidx - get the highest assigned index * @ids: ipc identifier set * * Called with ipc_ids.rwsem held for reading. */ static inline int ipc_get_maxidx(struct ipc_ids *ids) { if (ids->in_use == 0) return -1; if (ids->in_use == ipc_mni) return ipc_mni - 1; return ids->max_idx; } /* * For allocation that need to be freed by RCU. * Objects are reference counted, they start with reference count 1. * getref increases the refcount, the putref call that reduces the recount * to 0 schedules the rcu destruction. Caller must guarantee locking. * * refcount is initialized by ipc_addid(), before that point call_rcu() * must be used. */ bool ipc_rcu_getref(struct kern_ipc_perm *ptr); void ipc_rcu_putref(struct kern_ipc_perm *ptr, void (*func)(struct rcu_head *head)); struct kern_ipc_perm *ipc_obtain_object_idr(struct ipc_ids *ids, int id); void kernel_to_ipc64_perm(struct kern_ipc_perm *in, struct ipc64_perm *out); void ipc64_perm_to_ipc_perm(struct ipc64_perm *in, struct ipc_perm *out); int ipc_update_perm(struct ipc64_perm *in, struct kern_ipc_perm *out); struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcctl_obtain_check(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct ipc_ids *ids, int id, int cmd, struct ipc64_perm *perm, int extra_perm); static inline void ipc_update_pid(struct pid **pos, struct pid *pid) { struct pid *old = *pos; if (old != pid) { *pos = get_pid(pid); put_pid(old); } } #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_IPC_PARSE_VERSION int ipc_parse_version(int *cmd); #endif extern void free_msg(struct msg_msg *msg); extern struct msg_msg *load_msg(const void __user *src, size_t len); extern struct msg_msg *copy_msg(struct msg_msg *src, struct msg_msg *dst); extern int store_msg(void __user *dest, struct msg_msg *msg, size_t len); static inline int ipc_checkid(struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp, int id) { return ipcid_to_seqx(id) != ipcp->seq; } static inline void ipc_lock_object(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm) { spin_lock(&perm->lock); } static inline void ipc_unlock_object(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm) { spin_unlock(&perm->lock); } static inline void ipc_assert_locked_object(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm) { assert_spin_locked(&perm->lock); } static inline void ipc_unlock(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm) { ipc_unlock_object(perm); rcu_read_unlock(); } /* * ipc_valid_object() - helper to sort out IPC_RMID races for codepaths * where the respective ipc_ids.rwsem is not being held down. * Checks whether the ipc object is still around or if it's gone already, as * ipc_rmid() may have already freed the ID while the ipc lock was spinning. * Needs to be called with kern_ipc_perm.lock held -- exception made for one * checkpoint case at sys_semtimedop() as noted in code commentary. */ static inline bool ipc_valid_object(struct kern_ipc_perm *perm) { return !perm->deleted; } struct kern_ipc_perm *ipc_obtain_object_check(struct ipc_ids *ids, int id); int ipcget(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct ipc_ids *ids, const struct ipc_ops *ops, struct ipc_params *params); void free_ipcs(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct ipc_ids *ids, void (*free)(struct ipc_namespace *, struct kern_ipc_perm *)); static inline int sem_check_semmni(struct ipc_namespace *ns) { /* * Check semmni range [0, ipc_mni] * semmni is the last element of sem_ctls[4] array */ return ((ns->sem_ctls[3] < 0) || (ns->sem_ctls[3] > ipc_mni)) ? -ERANGE : 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT #include <linux/compat.h> struct compat_ipc_perm { key_t key; __compat_uid_t uid; __compat_gid_t gid; __compat_uid_t cuid; __compat_gid_t cgid; compat_mode_t mode; unsigned short seq; }; void to_compat_ipc_perm(struct compat_ipc_perm *, struct ipc64_perm *); void to_compat_ipc64_perm(struct compat_ipc64_perm *, struct ipc64_perm *); int get_compat_ipc_perm(struct ipc64_perm *, struct compat_ipc_perm __user *); int get_compat_ipc64_perm(struct ipc64_perm *, struct compat_ipc64_perm __user *); static inline int compat_ipc_parse_version(int *cmd) { int version = *cmd & IPC_64; *cmd &= ~IPC_64; return version; } long compat_ksys_old_semctl(int semid, int semnum, int cmd, int arg); long compat_ksys_old_msgctl(int msqid, int cmd, void __user *uptr); long compat_ksys_msgrcv(int msqid, compat_uptr_t msgp, compat_ssize_t msgsz, compat_long_t msgtyp, int msgflg); long compat_ksys_msgsnd(int msqid, compat_uptr_t msgp, compat_ssize_t msgsz, int msgflg); long compat_ksys_old_shmctl(int shmid, int cmd, void __user *uptr); #endif #endif
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4607 4608 4609 4610 4611 4612 4613 4614 4615 4616 4617 4618 4619 4620 4621 4622 4623 4624 4625 4626 4627 4628 4629 4630 4631 4632 4633 4634 4635 4636 4637 4638 4639 4640 4641 4642 4643 4644 4645 4646 4647 4648 4649 4650 4651 4652 4653 4654 4655 4656 4657 4658 4659 4660 4661 4662 4663 4664 4665 4666 4667 4668 4669 4670 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * linux/fs/namei.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds */ /* * Some corrections by tytso. */ /* [Feb 1997 T. Schoebel-Theuer] Complete rewrite of the pathname * lookup logic. */ /* [Feb-Apr 2000, AV] Rewrite to the new namespace architecture. */ #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/namei.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/fsnotify.h> #include <linux/personality.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/ima.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/fcntl.h> #include <linux/device_cgroup.h> #include <linux/fs_struct.h> #include <linux/posix_acl.h> #include <linux/hash.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/init_task.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include "internal.h" #include "mount.h" /* [Feb-1997 T. Schoebel-Theuer] * Fundamental changes in the pathname lookup mechanisms (namei) * were necessary because of omirr. The reason is that omirr needs * to know the _real_ pathname, not the user-supplied one, in case * of symlinks (and also when transname replacements occur). * * The new code replaces the old recursive symlink resolution with * an iterative one (in case of non-nested symlink chains). It does * this with calls to <fs>_follow_link(). * As a side effect, dir_namei(), _namei() and follow_link() are now * replaced with a single function lookup_dentry() that can handle all * the special cases of the former code. * * With the new dcache, the pathname is stored at each inode, at least as * long as the refcount of the inode is positive. As a side effect, the * size of the dcache depends on the inode cache and thus is dynamic. * * [29-Apr-1998 C. Scott Ananian] Updated above description of symlink * resolution to correspond with current state of the code. * * Note that the symlink resolution is not *completely* iterative. * There is still a significant amount of tail- and mid- recursion in * the algorithm. Also, note that <fs>_readlink() is not used in * lookup_dentry(): lookup_dentry() on the result of <fs>_readlink() * may return different results than <fs>_follow_link(). Many virtual * filesystems (including /proc) exhibit this behavior. */ /* [24-Feb-97 T. Schoebel-Theuer] Side effects caused by new implementation: * New symlink semantics: when open() is called with flags O_CREAT | O_EXCL * and the name already exists in form of a symlink, try to create the new * name indicated by the symlink. The old code always complained that the * name already exists, due to not following the symlink even if its target * is nonexistent. The new semantics affects also mknod() and link() when * the name is a symlink pointing to a non-existent name. * * I don't know which semantics is the right one, since I have no access * to standards. But I found by trial that HP-UX 9.0 has the full "new" * semantics implemented, while SunOS 4.1.1 and Solaris (SunOS 5.4) have the * "old" one. Personally, I think the new semantics is much more logical. * Note that "ln old new" where "new" is a symlink pointing to a non-existing * file does succeed in both HP-UX and SunOs, but not in Solaris * and in the old Linux semantics. */ /* [16-Dec-97 Kevin Buhr] For security reasons, we change some symlink * semantics. See the comments in "open_namei" and "do_link" below. * * [10-Sep-98 Alan Modra] Another symlink change. */ /* [Feb-Apr 2000 AV] Complete rewrite. Rules for symlinks: * inside the path - always follow. * in the last component in creation/removal/renaming - never follow. * if LOOKUP_FOLLOW passed - follow. * if the pathname has trailing slashes - follow. * otherwise - don't follow. * (applied in that order). * * [Jun 2000 AV] Inconsistent behaviour of open() in case if flags==O_CREAT * restored for 2.4. This is the last surviving part of old 4.2BSD bug. * During the 2.4 we need to fix the userland stuff depending on it - * hopefully we will be able to get rid of that wart in 2.5. So far only * XEmacs seems to be relying on it... */ /* * [Sep 2001 AV] Single-semaphore locking scheme (kudos to David Holland) * implemented. Let's see if raised priority of ->s_vfs_rename_mutex gives * any extra contention... */ /* In order to reduce some races, while at the same time doing additional * checking and hopefully speeding things up, we copy filenames to the * kernel data space before using them.. * * POSIX.1 2.4: an empty pathname is invalid (ENOENT). * PATH_MAX includes the nul terminator --RR. */ #define EMBEDDED_NAME_MAX (PATH_MAX - offsetof(struct filename, iname)) struct filename * getname_flags(const char __user *filename, int flags, int *empty) { struct filename *result; char *kname; int len; result = audit_reusename(filename); if (result) return result; result = __getname(); if (unlikely(!result)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); /* * First, try to embed the struct filename inside the names_cache * allocation */ kname = (char *)result->iname; result->name = kname; len = strncpy_from_user(kname, filename, EMBEDDED_NAME_MAX); if (unlikely(len < 0)) { __putname(result); return ERR_PTR(len); } /* * Uh-oh. We have a name that's approaching PATH_MAX. Allocate a * separate struct filename so we can dedicate the entire * names_cache allocation for the pathname, and re-do the copy from * userland. */ if (unlikely(len == EMBEDDED_NAME_MAX)) { const size_t size = offsetof(struct filename, iname[1]); kname = (char *)result; /* * size is chosen that way we to guarantee that * result->iname[0] is within the same object and that * kname can't be equal to result->iname, no matter what. */ result = kzalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL); if (unlikely(!result)) { __putname(kname); return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); } result->name = kname; len = strncpy_from_user(kname, filename, PATH_MAX); if (unlikely(len < 0)) { __putname(kname); kfree(result); return ERR_PTR(len); } if (unlikely(len == PATH_MAX)) { __putname(kname); kfree(result); return ERR_PTR(-ENAMETOOLONG); } } result->refcnt = 1; /* The empty path is special. */ if (unlikely(!len)) { if (empty) *empty = 1; if (!(flags & LOOKUP_EMPTY)) { putname(result); return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); } } result->uptr = filename; result->aname = NULL; audit_getname(result); return result; } struct filename * getname(const char __user * filename) { return getname_flags(filename, 0, NULL); } struct filename * getname_kernel(const char * filename) { struct filename *result; int len = strlen(filename) + 1; result = __getname(); if (unlikely(!result)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (len <= EMBEDDED_NAME_MAX) { result->name = (char *)result->iname; } else if (len <= PATH_MAX) { const size_t size = offsetof(struct filename, iname[1]); struct filename *tmp; tmp = kmalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL); if (unlikely(!tmp)) { __putname(result); return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); } tmp->name = (char *)result; result = tmp; } else { __putname(result); return ERR_PTR(-ENAMETOOLONG); } memcpy((char *)result->name, filename, len); result->uptr = NULL; result->aname = NULL; result->refcnt = 1; audit_getname(result); return result; } void putname(struct filename *name) { BUG_ON(name->refcnt <= 0); if (--name->refcnt > 0) return; if (name->name != name->iname) { __putname(name->name); kfree(name); } else __putname(name); } static int check_acl(struct inode *inode, int mask) { #ifdef CONFIG_FS_POSIX_ACL struct posix_acl *acl; if (mask & MAY_NOT_BLOCK) { acl = get_cached_acl_rcu(inode, ACL_TYPE_ACCESS); if (!acl) return -EAGAIN; /* no ->get_acl() calls in RCU mode... */ if (is_uncached_acl(acl)) return -ECHILD; return posix_acl_permission(inode, acl, mask); } acl = get_acl(inode, ACL_TYPE_ACCESS); if (IS_ERR(acl)) return PTR_ERR(acl); if (acl) { int error = posix_acl_permission(inode, acl, mask); posix_acl_release(acl); return error; } #endif return -EAGAIN; } /* * This does the basic UNIX permission checking. * * Note that the POSIX ACL check cares about the MAY_NOT_BLOCK bit, * for RCU walking. */ static int acl_permission_check(struct inode *inode, int mask) { unsigned int mode = inode->i_mode; /* Are we the owner? If so, ACL's don't matter */ if (likely(uid_eq(current_fsuid(), inode->i_uid))) { mask &= 7; mode >>= 6; return (mask & ~mode) ? -EACCES : 0; } /* Do we have ACL's? */ if (IS_POSIXACL(inode) && (mode & S_IRWXG)) { int error = check_acl(inode, mask); if (error != -EAGAIN) return error; } /* Only RWX matters for group/other mode bits */ mask &= 7; /* * Are the group permissions different from * the other permissions in the bits we care * about? Need to check group ownership if so. */ if (mask & (mode ^ (mode >> 3))) { if (in_group_p(inode->i_gid)) mode >>= 3; } /* Bits in 'mode' clear that we require? */ return (mask & ~mode) ? -EACCES : 0; } /** * generic_permission - check for access rights on a Posix-like filesystem * @inode: inode to check access rights for * @mask: right to check for (%MAY_READ, %MAY_WRITE, %MAY_EXEC, * %MAY_NOT_BLOCK ...) * * Used to check for read/write/execute permissions on a file. * We use "fsuid" for this, letting us set arbitrary permissions * for filesystem access without changing the "normal" uids which * are used for other things. * * generic_permission is rcu-walk aware. It returns -ECHILD in case an rcu-walk * request cannot be satisfied (eg. requires blocking or too much complexity). * It would then be called again in ref-walk mode. */ int generic_permission(struct inode *inode, int mask) { int ret; /* * Do the basic permission checks. */ ret = acl_permission_check(inode, mask); if (ret != -EACCES) return ret; if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) { /* DACs are overridable for directories */ if (!(mask & MAY_WRITE)) if (capable_wrt_inode_uidgid(inode, CAP_DAC_READ_SEARCH)) return 0; if (capable_wrt_inode_uidgid(inode, CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE)) return 0; return -EACCES; } /* * Searching includes executable on directories, else just read. */ mask &= MAY_READ | MAY_WRITE | MAY_EXEC; if (mask == MAY_READ) if (capable_wrt_inode_uidgid(inode, CAP_DAC_READ_SEARCH)) return 0; /* * Read/write DACs are always overridable. * Executable DACs are overridable when there is * at least one exec bit set. */ if (!(mask & MAY_EXEC) || (inode->i_mode & S_IXUGO)) if (capable_wrt_inode_uidgid(inode, CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE)) return 0; return -EACCES; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_permission); /* * We _really_ want to just do "generic_permission()" without * even looking at the inode->i_op values. So we keep a cache * flag in inode->i_opflags, that says "this has not special * permission function, use the fast case". */ static inline int do_inode_permission(struct inode *inode, int mask) { if (unlikely(!(inode->i_opflags & IOP_FASTPERM))) { if (likely(inode->i_op->permission)) return inode->i_op->permission(inode, mask); /* This gets set once for the inode lifetime */ spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); inode->i_opflags |= IOP_FASTPERM; spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } return generic_permission(inode, mask); } /** * sb_permission - Check superblock-level permissions * @sb: Superblock of inode to check permission on * @inode: Inode to check permission on * @mask: Right to check for (%MAY_READ, %MAY_WRITE, %MAY_EXEC) * * Separate out file-system wide checks from inode-specific permission checks. */ static int sb_permission(struct super_block *sb, struct inode *inode, int mask) { if (unlikely(mask & MAY_WRITE)) { umode_t mode = inode->i_mode; /* Nobody gets write access to a read-only fs. */ if (sb_rdonly(sb) && (S_ISREG(mode) || S_ISDIR(mode) || S_ISLNK(mode))) return -EROFS; } return 0; } /** * inode_permission - Check for access rights to a given inode * @inode: Inode to check permission on * @mask: Right to check for (%MAY_READ, %MAY_WRITE, %MAY_EXEC) * * Check for read/write/execute permissions on an inode. We use fs[ug]id for * this, letting us set arbitrary permissions for filesystem access without * changing the "normal" UIDs which are used for other things. * * When checking for MAY_APPEND, MAY_WRITE must also be set in @mask. */ int inode_permission(struct inode *inode, int mask) { int retval; retval = sb_permission(inode->i_sb, inode, mask); if (retval) return retval; if (unlikely(mask & MAY_WRITE)) { /* * Nobody gets write access to an immutable file. */ if (IS_IMMUTABLE(inode)) return -EPERM; /* * Updating mtime will likely cause i_uid and i_gid to be * written back improperly if their true value is unknown * to the vfs. */ if (HAS_UNMAPPED_ID(inode)) return -EACCES; } retval = do_inode_permission(inode, mask); if (retval) return retval; retval = devcgroup_inode_permission(inode, mask); if (retval) return retval; return security_inode_permission(inode, mask); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(inode_permission); /** * path_get - get a reference to a path * @path: path to get the reference to * * Given a path increment the reference count to the dentry and the vfsmount. */ void path_get(const struct path *path) { mntget(path->mnt); dget(path->dentry); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(path_get); /** * path_put - put a reference to a path * @path: path to put the reference to * * Given a path decrement the reference count to the dentry and the vfsmount. */ void path_put(const struct path *path) { dput(path->dentry); mntput(path->mnt); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(path_put); #define EMBEDDED_LEVELS 2 struct nameidata { struct path path; struct qstr last; struct path root; struct inode *inode; /* path.dentry.d_inode */ unsigned int flags; unsigned seq, m_seq, r_seq; int last_type; unsigned depth; int total_link_count; struct saved { struct path link; struct delayed_call done; const char *name; unsigned seq; } *stack, internal[EMBEDDED_LEVELS]; struct filename *name; struct nameidata *saved; unsigned root_seq; int dfd; kuid_t dir_uid; umode_t dir_mode; } __randomize_layout; static void set_nameidata(struct nameidata *p, int dfd, struct filename *name) { struct nameidata *old = current->nameidata; p->stack = p->internal; p->dfd = dfd; p->name = name; p->total_link_count = old ? old->total_link_count : 0; p->saved = old; current->nameidata = p; } static void restore_nameidata(void) { struct nameidata *now = current->nameidata, *old = now->saved; current->nameidata = old; if (old) old->total_link_count = now->total_link_count; if (now->stack != now->internal) kfree(now->stack); } static bool nd_alloc_stack(struct nameidata *nd) { struct saved *p; p= kmalloc_array(MAXSYMLINKS, sizeof(struct saved), nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU ? GFP_ATOMIC : GFP_KERNEL); if (unlikely(!p)) return false; memcpy(p, nd->internal, sizeof(nd->internal)); nd->stack = p; return true; } /** * path_connected - Verify that a dentry is below mnt.mnt_root * * Rename can sometimes move a file or directory outside of a bind * mount, path_connected allows those cases to be detected. */ static bool path_connected(struct vfsmount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry) { struct super_block *sb = mnt->mnt_sb; /* Bind mounts can have disconnected paths */ if (mnt->mnt_root == sb->s_root) return true; return is_subdir(dentry, mnt->mnt_root); } static void drop_links(struct nameidata *nd) { int i = nd->depth; while (i--) { struct saved *last = nd->stack + i; do_delayed_call(&last->done); clear_delayed_call(&last->done); } } static void terminate_walk(struct nameidata *nd) { drop_links(nd); if (!(nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU)) { int i; path_put(&nd->path); for (i = 0; i < nd->depth; i++) path_put(&nd->stack[i].link); if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_ROOT_GRABBED) { path_put(&nd->root); nd->flags &= ~LOOKUP_ROOT_GRABBED; } } else { nd->flags &= ~LOOKUP_RCU; rcu_read_unlock(); } nd->depth = 0; } /* path_put is needed afterwards regardless of success or failure */ static bool __legitimize_path(struct path *path, unsigned seq, unsigned mseq) { int res = __legitimize_mnt(path->mnt, mseq); if (unlikely(res)) { if (res > 0) path->mnt = NULL; path->dentry = NULL; return false; } if (unlikely(!lockref_get_not_dead(&path->dentry->d_lockref))) { path->dentry = NULL; return false; } return !read_seqcount_retry(&path->dentry->d_seq, seq); } static inline bool legitimize_path(struct nameidata *nd, struct path *path, unsigned seq) { return __legitimize_path(path, seq, nd->m_seq); } static bool legitimize_links(struct nameidata *nd) { int i; for (i = 0; i < nd->depth; i++) { struct saved *last = nd->stack + i; if (unlikely(!legitimize_path(nd, &last->link, last->seq))) { drop_links(nd); nd->depth = i + 1; return false; } } return true; } static bool legitimize_root(struct nameidata *nd) { /* * For scoped-lookups (where nd->root has been zeroed), we need to * restart the whole lookup from scratch -- because set_root() is wrong * for these lookups (nd->dfd is the root, not the filesystem root). */ if (!nd->root.mnt && (nd->flags & LOOKUP_IS_SCOPED)) return false; /* Nothing to do if nd->root is zero or is managed by the VFS user. */ if (!nd->root.mnt || (nd->flags & LOOKUP_ROOT)) return true; nd->flags |= LOOKUP_ROOT_GRABBED; return legitimize_path(nd, &nd->root, nd->root_seq); } /* * Path walking has 2 modes, rcu-walk and ref-walk (see * Documentation/filesystems/path-lookup.txt). In situations when we can't * continue in RCU mode, we attempt to drop out of rcu-walk mode and grab * normal reference counts on dentries and vfsmounts to transition to ref-walk * mode. Refcounts are grabbed at the last known good point before rcu-walk * got stuck, so ref-walk may continue from there. If this is not successful * (eg. a seqcount has changed), then failure is returned and it's up to caller * to restart the path walk from the beginning in ref-walk mode. */ /** * try_to_unlazy - try to switch to ref-walk mode. * @nd: nameidata pathwalk data * Returns: true on success, false on failure * * try_to_unlazy attempts to legitimize the current nd->path and nd->root * for ref-walk mode. * Must be called from rcu-walk context. * Nothing should touch nameidata between try_to_unlazy() failure and * terminate_walk(). */ static bool try_to_unlazy(struct nameidata *nd) { struct dentry *parent = nd->path.dentry; BUG_ON(!(nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU)); nd->flags &= ~LOOKUP_RCU; if (unlikely(!legitimize_links(nd))) goto out1; if (unlikely(!legitimize_path(nd, &nd->path, nd->seq))) goto out; if (unlikely(!legitimize_root(nd))) goto out; rcu_read_unlock(); BUG_ON(nd->inode != parent->d_inode); return true; out1: nd->path.mnt = NULL; nd->path.dentry = NULL; out: rcu_read_unlock(); return false; } /** * unlazy_child - try to switch to ref-walk mode. * @nd: nameidata pathwalk data * @dentry: child of nd->path.dentry * @seq: seq number to check dentry against * Returns: 0 on success, -ECHILD on failure * * unlazy_child attempts to legitimize the current nd->path, nd->root and dentry * for ref-walk mode. @dentry must be a path found by a do_lookup call on * @nd. Must be called from rcu-walk context. * Nothing should touch nameidata between unlazy_child() failure and * terminate_walk(). */ static int unlazy_child(struct nameidata *nd, struct dentry *dentry, unsigned seq) { BUG_ON(!(nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU)); nd->flags &= ~LOOKUP_RCU; if (unlikely(!legitimize_links(nd))) goto out2; if (unlikely(!legitimize_mnt(nd->path.mnt, nd->m_seq))) goto out2; if (unlikely(!lockref_get_not_dead(&nd->path.dentry->d_lockref))) goto out1; /* * We need to move both the parent and the dentry from the RCU domain * to be properly refcounted. And the sequence number in the dentry * validates *both* dentry counters, since we checked the sequence * number of the parent after we got the child sequence number. So we * know the parent must still be valid if the child sequence number is */ if (unlikely(!lockref_get_not_dead(&dentry->d_lockref))) goto out; if (unlikely(read_seqcount_retry(&dentry->d_seq, seq))) goto out_dput; /* * Sequence counts matched. Now make sure that the root is * still valid and get it if required. */ if (unlikely(!legitimize_root(nd))) goto out_dput; rcu_read_unlock(); return 0; out2: nd->path.mnt = NULL; out1: nd->path.dentry = NULL; out: rcu_read_unlock(); return -ECHILD; out_dput: rcu_read_unlock(); dput(dentry); return -ECHILD; } static inline int d_revalidate(struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags) { if (unlikely(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_REVALIDATE)) return dentry->d_op->d_revalidate(dentry, flags); else return 1; } /** * complete_walk - successful completion of path walk * @nd: pointer nameidata * * If we had been in RCU mode, drop out of it and legitimize nd->path. * Revalidate the final result, unless we'd already done that during * the path walk or the filesystem doesn't ask for it. Return 0 on * success, -error on failure. In case of failure caller does not * need to drop nd->path. */ static int complete_walk(struct nameidata *nd) { struct dentry *dentry = nd->path.dentry; int status; if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { /* * We don't want to zero nd->root for scoped-lookups or * externally-managed nd->root. */ if (!(nd->flags & (LOOKUP_ROOT | LOOKUP_IS_SCOPED))) nd->root.mnt = NULL; if (!try_to_unlazy(nd)) return -ECHILD; } if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_IS_SCOPED)) { /* * While the guarantee of LOOKUP_IS_SCOPED is (roughly) "don't * ever step outside the root during lookup" and should already * be guaranteed by the rest of namei, we want to avoid a namei * BUG resulting in userspace being given a path that was not * scoped within the root at some point during the lookup. * * So, do a final sanity-check to make sure that in the * worst-case scenario (a complete bypass of LOOKUP_IS_SCOPED) * we won't silently return an fd completely outside of the * requested root to userspace. * * Userspace could move the path outside the root after this * check, but as discussed elsewhere this is not a concern (the * resolved file was inside the root at some point). */ if (!path_is_under(&nd->path, &nd->root)) return -EXDEV; } if (likely(!(nd->flags & LOOKUP_JUMPED))) return 0; if (likely(!(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_WEAK_REVALIDATE))) return 0; status = dentry->d_op->d_weak_revalidate(dentry, nd->flags); if (status > 0) return 0; if (!status) status = -ESTALE; return status; } static int set_root(struct nameidata *nd) { struct fs_struct *fs = current->fs; /* * Jumping to the real root in a scoped-lookup is a BUG in namei, but we * still have to ensure it doesn't happen because it will cause a breakout * from the dirfd. */ if (WARN_ON(nd->flags & LOOKUP_IS_SCOPED)) return -ENOTRECOVERABLE; if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { unsigned seq; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&fs->seq); nd->root = fs->root; nd->root_seq = __read_seqcount_begin(&nd->root.dentry->d_seq); } while (read_seqcount_retry(&fs->seq, seq)); } else { get_fs_root(fs, &nd->root); nd->flags |= LOOKUP_ROOT_GRABBED; } return 0; } static int nd_jump_root(struct nameidata *nd) { if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_BENEATH)) return -EXDEV; if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_NO_XDEV)) { /* Absolute path arguments to path_init() are allowed. */ if (nd->path.mnt != NULL && nd->path.mnt != nd->root.mnt) return -EXDEV; } if (!nd->root.mnt) { int error = set_root(nd); if (error) return error; } if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { struct dentry *d; nd->path = nd->root; d = nd->path.dentry; nd->inode = d->d_inode; nd->seq = nd->root_seq; if (unlikely(read_seqcount_retry(&d->d_seq, nd->seq))) return -ECHILD; } else { path_put(&nd->path); nd->path = nd->root; path_get(&nd->path); nd->inode = nd->path.dentry->d_inode; } nd->flags |= LOOKUP_JUMPED; return 0; } /* * Helper to directly jump to a known parsed path from ->get_link, * caller must have taken a reference to path beforehand. */ int nd_jump_link(struct path *path) { int error = -ELOOP; struct nameidata *nd = current->nameidata; if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_NO_MAGICLINKS)) goto err; error = -EXDEV; if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_NO_XDEV)) { if (nd->path.mnt != path->mnt) goto err; } /* Not currently safe for scoped-lookups. */ if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_IS_SCOPED)) goto err; path_put(&nd->path); nd->path = *path; nd->inode = nd->path.dentry->d_inode; nd->flags |= LOOKUP_JUMPED; return 0; err: path_put(path); return error; } static inline void put_link(struct nameidata *nd) { struct saved *last = nd->stack + --nd->depth; do_delayed_call(&last->done); if (!(nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU)) path_put(&last->link); } int sysctl_protected_symlinks __read_mostly = 0; int sysctl_protected_hardlinks __read_mostly = 0; int sysctl_protected_fifos __read_mostly; int sysctl_protected_regular __read_mostly; /** * may_follow_link - Check symlink following for unsafe situations * @nd: nameidata pathwalk data * * In the case of the sysctl_protected_symlinks sysctl being enabled, * CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE needs to be specifically ignored if the symlink is * in a sticky world-writable directory. This is to protect privileged * processes from failing races against path names that may change out * from under them by way of other users creating malicious symlinks. * It will permit symlinks to be followed only when outside a sticky * world-writable directory, or when the uid of the symlink and follower * match, or when the directory owner matches the symlink's owner. * * Returns 0 if following the symlink is allowed, -ve on error. */ static inline int may_follow_link(struct nameidata *nd, const struct inode *inode) { if (!sysctl_protected_symlinks) return 0; /* Allowed if owner and follower match. */ if (uid_eq(current_cred()->fsuid, inode->i_uid)) return 0; /* Allowed if parent directory not sticky and world-writable. */ if ((nd->dir_mode & (S_ISVTX|S_IWOTH)) != (S_ISVTX|S_IWOTH)) return 0; /* Allowed if parent directory and link owner match. */ if (uid_valid(nd->dir_uid) && uid_eq(nd->dir_uid, inode->i_uid)) return 0; if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) return -ECHILD; audit_inode(nd->name, nd->stack[0].link.dentry, 0); audit_log_path_denied(AUDIT_ANOM_LINK, "follow_link"); return -EACCES; } /** * safe_hardlink_source - Check for safe hardlink conditions * @inode: the source inode to hardlink from * * Return false if at least one of the following conditions: * - inode is not a regular file * - inode is setuid * - inode is setgid and group-exec * - access failure for read and write * * Otherwise returns true. */ static bool safe_hardlink_source(struct inode *inode) { umode_t mode = inode->i_mode; /* Special files should not get pinned to the filesystem. */ if (!S_ISREG(mode)) return false; /* Setuid files should not get pinned to the filesystem. */ if (mode & S_ISUID) return false; /* Executable setgid files should not get pinned to the filesystem. */ if ((mode & (S_ISGID | S_IXGRP)) == (S_ISGID | S_IXGRP)) return false; /* Hardlinking to unreadable or unwritable sources is dangerous. */ if (inode_permission(inode, MAY_READ | MAY_WRITE)) return false; return true; } /** * may_linkat - Check permissions for creating a hardlink * @link: the source to hardlink from * * Block hardlink when all of: * - sysctl_protected_hardlinks enabled * - fsuid does not match inode * - hardlink source is unsafe (see safe_hardlink_source() above) * - not CAP_FOWNER in a namespace with the inode owner uid mapped * * Returns 0 if successful, -ve on error. */ int may_linkat(struct path *link) { struct inode *inode = link->dentry->d_inode; /* Inode writeback is not safe when the uid or gid are invalid. */ if (!uid_valid(inode->i_uid) || !gid_valid(inode->i_gid)) return -EOVERFLOW; if (!sysctl_protected_hardlinks) return 0; /* Source inode owner (or CAP_FOWNER) can hardlink all they like, * otherwise, it must be a safe source. */ if (safe_hardlink_source(inode) || inode_owner_or_capable(inode)) return 0; audit_log_path_denied(AUDIT_ANOM_LINK, "linkat"); return -EPERM; } /** * may_create_in_sticky - Check whether an O_CREAT open in a sticky directory * should be allowed, or not, on files that already * exist. * @dir_mode: mode bits of directory * @dir_uid: owner of directory * @inode: the inode of the file to open * * Block an O_CREAT open of a FIFO (or a regular file) when: * - sysctl_protected_fifos (or sysctl_protected_regular) is enabled * - the file already exists * - we are in a sticky directory * - we don't own the file * - the owner of the directory doesn't own the file * - the directory is world writable * If the sysctl_protected_fifos (or sysctl_protected_regular) is set to 2 * the directory doesn't have to be world writable: being group writable will * be enough. * * Returns 0 if the open is allowed, -ve on error. */ static int may_create_in_sticky(umode_t dir_mode, kuid_t dir_uid, struct inode * const inode) { if ((!sysctl_protected_fifos && S_ISFIFO(inode->i_mode)) || (!sysctl_protected_regular && S_ISREG(inode->i_mode)) || likely(!(dir_mode & S_ISVTX)) || uid_eq(inode->i_uid, dir_uid) || uid_eq(current_fsuid(), inode->i_uid)) return 0; if (likely(dir_mode & 0002) || (dir_mode & 0020 && ((sysctl_protected_fifos >= 2 && S_ISFIFO(inode->i_mode)) || (sysctl_protected_regular >= 2 && S_ISREG(inode->i_mode))))) { const char *operation = S_ISFIFO(inode->i_mode) ? "sticky_create_fifo" : "sticky_create_regular"; audit_log_path_denied(AUDIT_ANOM_CREAT, operation); return -EACCES; } return 0; } /* * follow_up - Find the mountpoint of path's vfsmount * * Given a path, find the mountpoint of its source file system. * Replace @path with the path of the mountpoint in the parent mount. * Up is towards /. * * Return 1 if we went up a level and 0 if we were already at the * root. */ int follow_up(struct path *path) { struct mount *mnt = real_mount(path->mnt); struct mount *parent; struct dentry *mountpoint; read_seqlock_excl(&mount_lock); parent = mnt->mnt_parent; if (parent == mnt) { read_sequnlock_excl(&mount_lock); return 0; } mntget(&parent->mnt); mountpoint = dget(mnt->mnt_mountpoint); read_sequnlock_excl(&mount_lock); dput(path->dentry); path->dentry = mountpoint; mntput(path->mnt); path->mnt = &parent->mnt; return 1; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(follow_up); static bool choose_mountpoint_rcu(struct mount *m, const struct path *root, struct path *path, unsigned *seqp) { while (mnt_has_parent(m)) { struct dentry *mountpoint = m->mnt_mountpoint; m = m->mnt_parent; if (unlikely(root->dentry == mountpoint && root->mnt == &m->mnt)) break; if (mountpoint != m->mnt.mnt_root) { path->mnt = &m->mnt; path->dentry = mountpoint; *seqp = read_seqcount_begin(&mountpoint->d_seq); return true; } } return false; } static bool choose_mountpoint(struct mount *m, const struct path *root, struct path *path) { bool found; rcu_read_lock(); while (1) { unsigned seq, mseq = read_seqbegin(&mount_lock); found = choose_mountpoint_rcu(m, root, path, &seq); if (unlikely(!found)) { if (!read_seqretry(&mount_lock, mseq)) break; } else { if (likely(__legitimize_path(path, seq, mseq))) break; rcu_read_unlock(); path_put(path); rcu_read_lock(); } } rcu_read_unlock(); return found; } /* * Perform an automount * - return -EISDIR to tell follow_managed() to stop and return the path we * were called with. */ static int follow_automount(struct path *path, int *count, unsigned lookup_flags) { struct dentry *dentry = path->dentry; /* We don't want to mount if someone's just doing a stat - * unless they're stat'ing a directory and appended a '/' to * the name. * * We do, however, want to mount if someone wants to open or * create a file of any type under the mountpoint, wants to * traverse through the mountpoint or wants to open the * mounted directory. Also, autofs may mark negative dentries * as being automount points. These will need the attentions * of the daemon to instantiate them before they can be used. */ if (!(lookup_flags & (LOOKUP_PARENT | LOOKUP_DIRECTORY | LOOKUP_OPEN | LOOKUP_CREATE | LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT)) && dentry->d_inode) return -EISDIR; if (count && (*count)++ >= MAXSYMLINKS) return -ELOOP; return finish_automount(dentry->d_op->d_automount(path), path); } /* * mount traversal - out-of-line part. One note on ->d_flags accesses - * dentries are pinned but not locked here, so negative dentry can go * positive right under us. Use of smp_load_acquire() provides a barrier * sufficient for ->d_inode and ->d_flags consistency. */ static int __traverse_mounts(struct path *path, unsigned flags, bool *jumped, int *count, unsigned lookup_flags) { struct vfsmount *mnt = path->mnt; bool need_mntput = false; int ret = 0; while (flags & DCACHE_MANAGED_DENTRY) { /* Allow the filesystem to manage the transit without i_mutex * being held. */ if (flags & DCACHE_MANAGE_TRANSIT) { ret = path->dentry->d_op->d_manage(path, false); flags = smp_load_acquire(&path->dentry->d_flags); if (ret < 0) break; } if (flags & DCACHE_MOUNTED) { // something's mounted on it.. struct vfsmount *mounted = lookup_mnt(path); if (mounted) { // ... in our namespace dput(path->dentry); if (need_mntput) mntput(path->mnt); path->mnt = mounted; path->dentry = dget(mounted->mnt_root); // here we know it's positive flags = path->dentry->d_flags; need_mntput = true; continue; } } if (!(flags & DCACHE_NEED_AUTOMOUNT)) break; // uncovered automount point ret = follow_automount(path, count, lookup_flags); flags = smp_load_acquire(&path->dentry->d_flags); if (ret < 0) break; } if (ret == -EISDIR) ret = 0; // possible if you race with several mount --move if (need_mntput && path->mnt == mnt) mntput(path->mnt); if (!ret && unlikely(d_flags_negative(flags))) ret = -ENOENT; *jumped = need_mntput; return ret; } static inline int traverse_mounts(struct path *path, bool *jumped, int *count, unsigned lookup_flags) { unsigned flags = smp_load_acquire(&path->dentry->d_flags); /* fastpath */ if (likely(!(flags & DCACHE_MANAGED_DENTRY))) { *jumped = false; if (unlikely(d_flags_negative(flags))) return -ENOENT; return 0; } return __traverse_mounts(path, flags, jumped, count, lookup_flags); } int follow_down_one(struct path *path) { struct vfsmount *mounted; mounted = lookup_mnt(path); if (mounted) { dput(path->dentry); mntput(path->mnt); path->mnt = mounted; path->dentry = dget(mounted->mnt_root); return 1; } return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(follow_down_one); /* * Follow down to the covering mount currently visible to userspace. At each * point, the filesystem owning that dentry may be queried as to whether the * caller is permitted to proceed or not. */ int follow_down(struct path *path) { struct vfsmount *mnt = path->mnt; bool jumped; int ret = traverse_mounts(path, &jumped, NULL, 0); if (path->mnt != mnt) mntput(mnt); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(follow_down); /* * Try to skip to top of mountpoint pile in rcuwalk mode. Fail if * we meet a managed dentry that would need blocking. */ static bool __follow_mount_rcu(struct nameidata *nd, struct path *path, struct inode **inode, unsigned *seqp) { struct dentry *dentry = path->dentry; unsigned int flags = dentry->d_flags; if (likely(!(flags & DCACHE_MANAGED_DENTRY))) return true; if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_NO_XDEV)) return false; for (;;) { /* * Don't forget we might have a non-mountpoint managed dentry * that wants to block transit. */ if (unlikely(flags & DCACHE_MANAGE_TRANSIT)) { int res = dentry->d_op->d_manage(path, true); if (res) return res == -EISDIR; flags = dentry->d_flags; } if (flags & DCACHE_MOUNTED) { struct mount *mounted = __lookup_mnt(path->mnt, dentry); if (mounted) { path->mnt = &mounted->mnt; dentry = path->dentry = mounted->mnt.mnt_root; nd->flags |= LOOKUP_JUMPED; *seqp = read_seqcount_begin(&dentry->d_seq); *inode = dentry->d_inode; /* * We don't need to re-check ->d_seq after this * ->d_inode read - there will be an RCU delay * between mount hash removal and ->mnt_root * becoming unpinned. */ flags = dentry->d_flags; continue; } if (read_seqretry(&mount_lock, nd->m_seq)) return false; } return !(flags & DCACHE_NEED_AUTOMOUNT); } } static inline int handle_mounts(struct nameidata *nd, struct dentry *dentry, struct path *path, struct inode **inode, unsigned int *seqp) { bool jumped; int ret; path->mnt = nd->path.mnt; path->dentry = dentry; if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { unsigned int seq = *seqp; if (unlikely(!*inode)) return -ENOENT; if (likely(__follow_mount_rcu(nd, path, inode, seqp))) return 0; if (unlazy_child(nd, dentry, seq)) return -ECHILD; // *path might've been clobbered by __follow_mount_rcu() path->mnt = nd->path.mnt; path->dentry = dentry; } ret = traverse_mounts(path, &jumped, &nd->total_link_count, nd->flags); if (jumped) { if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_NO_XDEV)) ret = -EXDEV; else nd->flags |= LOOKUP_JUMPED; } if (unlikely(ret)) { dput(path->dentry); if (path->mnt != nd->path.mnt) mntput(path->mnt); } else { *inode = d_backing_inode(path->dentry); *seqp = 0; /* out of RCU mode, so the value doesn't matter */ } return ret; } /* * This looks up the name in dcache and possibly revalidates the found dentry. * NULL is returned if the dentry does not exist in the cache. */ static struct dentry *lookup_dcache(const struct qstr *name, struct dentry *dir, unsigned int flags) { struct dentry *dentry = d_lookup(dir, name); if (dentry) { int error = d_revalidate(dentry, flags); if (unlikely(error <= 0)) { if (!error) d_invalidate(dentry); dput(dentry); return ERR_PTR(error); } } return dentry; } /* * Parent directory has inode locked exclusive. This is one * and only case when ->lookup() gets called on non in-lookup * dentries - as the matter of fact, this only gets called * when directory is guaranteed to have no in-lookup children * at all. */ static struct dentry *__lookup_hash(const struct qstr *name, struct dentry *base, unsigned int flags) { struct dentry *dentry = lookup_dcache(name, base, flags); struct dentry *old; struct inode *dir = base->d_inode; if (dentry) return dentry; /* Don't create child dentry for a dead directory. */ if (unlikely(IS_DEADDIR(dir))) return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); dentry = d_alloc(base, name); if (unlikely(!dentry)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); old = dir->i_op->lookup(dir, dentry, flags); if (unlikely(old)) { dput(dentry); dentry = old; } return dentry; } static struct dentry *lookup_fast(struct nameidata *nd, struct inode **inode, unsigned *seqp) { struct dentry *dentry, *parent = nd->path.dentry; int status = 1; /* * Rename seqlock is not required here because in the off chance * of a false negative due to a concurrent rename, the caller is * going to fall back to non-racy lookup. */ if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { unsigned seq; dentry = __d_lookup_rcu(parent, &nd->last, &seq); if (unlikely(!dentry)) { if (!try_to_unlazy(nd)) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); return NULL; } /* * This sequence count validates that the inode matches * the dentry name information from lookup. */ *inode = d_backing_inode(dentry); if (unlikely(read_seqcount_retry(&dentry->d_seq, seq))) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); /* * This sequence count validates that the parent had no * changes while we did the lookup of the dentry above. * * The memory barrier in read_seqcount_begin of child is * enough, we can use __read_seqcount_retry here. */ if (unlikely(__read_seqcount_retry(&parent->d_seq, nd->seq))) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); *seqp = seq; status = d_revalidate(dentry, nd->flags); if (likely(status > 0)) return dentry; if (unlazy_child(nd, dentry, seq)) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); if (unlikely(status == -ECHILD)) /* we'd been told to redo it in non-rcu mode */ status = d_revalidate(dentry, nd->flags); } else { dentry = __d_lookup(parent, &nd->last); if (unlikely(!dentry)) return NULL; status = d_revalidate(dentry, nd->flags); } if (unlikely(status <= 0)) { if (!status) d_invalidate(dentry); dput(dentry); return ERR_PTR(status); } return dentry; } /* Fast lookup failed, do it the slow way */ static struct dentry *__lookup_slow(const struct qstr *name, struct dentry *dir, unsigned int flags) { struct dentry *dentry, *old; struct inode *inode = dir->d_inode; DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD_ONSTACK(wq); /* Don't go there if it's already dead */ if (unlikely(IS_DEADDIR(inode))) return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); again: dentry = d_alloc_parallel(dir, name, &wq); if (IS_ERR(dentry)) return dentry; if (unlikely(!d_in_lookup(dentry))) { int error = d_revalidate(dentry, flags); if (unlikely(error <= 0)) { if (!error) { d_invalidate(dentry); dput(dentry); goto again; } dput(dentry); dentry = ERR_PTR(error); } } else { old = inode->i_op->lookup(inode, dentry, flags); d_lookup_done(dentry); if (unlikely(old)) { dput(dentry); dentry = old; } } return dentry; } static struct dentry *lookup_slow(const struct qstr *name, struct dentry *dir, unsigned int flags) { struct inode *inode = dir->d_inode; struct dentry *res; inode_lock_shared(inode); res = __lookup_slow(name, dir, flags); inode_unlock_shared(inode); return res; } static inline int may_lookup(struct nameidata *nd) { if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { int err = inode_permission(nd->inode, MAY_EXEC|MAY_NOT_BLOCK); if (err != -ECHILD || !try_to_unlazy(nd)) return err; } return inode_permission(nd->inode, MAY_EXEC); } static int reserve_stack(struct nameidata *nd, struct path *link, unsigned seq) { if (unlikely(nd->total_link_count++ >= MAXSYMLINKS)) return -ELOOP; if (likely(nd->depth != EMBEDDED_LEVELS)) return 0; if (likely(nd->stack != nd->internal)) return 0; if (likely(nd_alloc_stack(nd))) return 0; if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { // we need to grab link before we do unlazy. And we can't skip // unlazy even if we fail to grab the link - cleanup needs it bool grabbed_link = legitimize_path(nd, link, seq); if (!try_to_unlazy(nd) != 0 || !grabbed_link) return -ECHILD; if (nd_alloc_stack(nd)) return 0; } return -ENOMEM; } enum {WALK_TRAILING = 1, WALK_MORE = 2, WALK_NOFOLLOW = 4}; static const char *pick_link(struct nameidata *nd, struct path *link, struct inode *inode, unsigned seq, int flags) { struct saved *last; const char *res; int error = reserve_stack(nd, link, seq); if (unlikely(error)) { if (!(nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU)) path_put(link); return ERR_PTR(error); } last = nd->stack + nd->depth++; last->link = *link; clear_delayed_call(&last->done); last->seq = seq; if (flags & WALK_TRAILING) { error = may_follow_link(nd, inode); if (unlikely(error)) return ERR_PTR(error); } if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_NO_SYMLINKS) || unlikely(link->mnt->mnt_flags & MNT_NOSYMFOLLOW)) return ERR_PTR(-ELOOP); if (!(nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU)) { touch_atime(&last->link); cond_resched(); } else if (atime_needs_update(&last->link, inode)) { if (!try_to_unlazy(nd)) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); touch_atime(&last->link); } error = security_inode_follow_link(link->dentry, inode, nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU); if (unlikely(error)) return ERR_PTR(error); res = READ_ONCE(inode->i_link); if (!res) { const char * (*get)(struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct delayed_call *); get = inode->i_op->get_link; if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { res = get(NULL, inode, &last->done); if (res == ERR_PTR(-ECHILD) && try_to_unlazy(nd)) res = get(link->dentry, inode, &last->done); } else { res = get(link->dentry, inode, &last->done); } if (!res) goto all_done; if (IS_ERR(res)) return res; } if (*res == '/') { error = nd_jump_root(nd); if (unlikely(error)) return ERR_PTR(error); while (unlikely(*++res == '/')) ; } if (*res) return res; all_done: // pure jump put_link(nd); return NULL; } /* * Do we need to follow links? We _really_ want to be able * to do this check without having to look at inode->i_op, * so we keep a cache of "no, this doesn't need follow_link" * for the common case. */ static const char *step_into(struct nameidata *nd, int flags, struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode, unsigned seq) { struct path path; int err = handle_mounts(nd, dentry, &path, &inode, &seq); if (err < 0) return ERR_PTR(err); if (likely(!d_is_symlink(path.dentry)) || ((flags & WALK_TRAILING) && !(nd->flags & LOOKUP_FOLLOW)) || (flags & WALK_NOFOLLOW)) { /* not a symlink or should not follow */ if (!(nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU)) { dput(nd->path.dentry); if (nd->path.mnt != path.mnt) mntput(nd->path.mnt); } nd->path = path; nd->inode = inode; nd->seq = seq; return NULL; } if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { /* make sure that d_is_symlink above matches inode */ if (read_seqcount_retry(&path.dentry->d_seq, seq)) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); } else { if (path.mnt == nd->path.mnt) mntget(path.mnt); } return pick_link(nd, &path, inode, seq, flags); } static struct dentry *follow_dotdot_rcu(struct nameidata *nd, struct inode **inodep, unsigned *seqp) { struct dentry *parent, *old; if (path_equal(&nd->path, &nd->root)) goto in_root; if (unlikely(nd->path.dentry == nd->path.mnt->mnt_root)) { struct path path; unsigned seq; if (!choose_mountpoint_rcu(real_mount(nd->path.mnt), &nd->root, &path, &seq)) goto in_root; if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_NO_XDEV)) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); nd->path = path; nd->inode = path.dentry->d_inode; nd->seq = seq; if (unlikely(read_seqretry(&mount_lock, nd->m_seq))) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); /* we know that mountpoint was pinned */ } old = nd->path.dentry; parent = old->d_parent; *inodep = parent->d_inode; *seqp = read_seqcount_begin(&parent->d_seq); if (unlikely(read_seqcount_retry(&old->d_seq, nd->seq))) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); if (unlikely(!path_connected(nd->path.mnt, parent))) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); return parent; in_root: if (unlikely(read_seqretry(&mount_lock, nd->m_seq))) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_BENEATH)) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); return NULL; } static struct dentry *follow_dotdot(struct nameidata *nd, struct inode **inodep, unsigned *seqp) { struct dentry *parent; if (path_equal(&nd->path, &nd->root)) goto in_root; if (unlikely(nd->path.dentry == nd->path.mnt->mnt_root)) { struct path path; if (!choose_mountpoint(real_mount(nd->path.mnt), &nd->root, &path)) goto in_root; path_put(&nd->path); nd->path = path; nd->inode = path.dentry->d_inode; if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_NO_XDEV)) return ERR_PTR(-EXDEV); } /* rare case of legitimate dget_parent()... */ parent = dget_parent(nd->path.dentry); if (unlikely(!path_connected(nd->path.mnt, parent))) { dput(parent); return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); } *seqp = 0; *inodep = parent->d_inode; return parent; in_root: if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_BENEATH)) return ERR_PTR(-EXDEV); dget(nd->path.dentry); return NULL; } static const char *handle_dots(struct nameidata *nd, int type) { if (type == LAST_DOTDOT) { const char *error = NULL; struct dentry *parent; struct inode *inode; unsigned seq; if (!nd->root.mnt) { error = ERR_PTR(set_root(nd)); if (error) return error; } if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) parent = follow_dotdot_rcu(nd, &inode, &seq); else parent = follow_dotdot(nd, &inode, &seq); if (IS_ERR(parent)) return ERR_CAST(parent); if (unlikely(!parent)) error = step_into(nd, WALK_NOFOLLOW, nd->path.dentry, nd->inode, nd->seq); else error = step_into(nd, WALK_NOFOLLOW, parent, inode, seq); if (unlikely(error)) return error; if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_IS_SCOPED)) { /* * If there was a racing rename or mount along our * path, then we can't be sure that ".." hasn't jumped * above nd->root (and so userspace should retry or use * some fallback). */ smp_rmb(); if (unlikely(__read_seqcount_retry(&mount_lock.seqcount, nd->m_seq))) return ERR_PTR(-EAGAIN); if (unlikely(__read_seqcount_retry(&rename_lock.seqcount, nd->r_seq))) return ERR_PTR(-EAGAIN); } } return NULL; } static const char *walk_component(struct nameidata *nd, int flags) { struct dentry *dentry; struct inode *inode; unsigned seq; /* * "." and ".." are special - ".." especially so because it has * to be able to know about the current root directory and * parent relationships. */ if (unlikely(nd->last_type != LAST_NORM)) { if (!(flags & WALK_MORE) && nd->depth) put_link(nd); return handle_dots(nd, nd->last_type); } dentry = lookup_fast(nd, &inode, &seq); if (IS_ERR(dentry)) return ERR_CAST(dentry); if (unlikely(!dentry)) { dentry = lookup_slow(&nd->last, nd->path.dentry, nd->flags); if (IS_ERR(dentry)) return ERR_CAST(dentry); } if (!(flags & WALK_MORE) && nd->depth) put_link(nd); return step_into(nd, flags, dentry, inode, seq); } /* * We can do the critical dentry name comparison and hashing * operations one word at a time, but we are limited to: * * - Architectures with fast unaligned word accesses. We could * do a "get_unaligned()" if this helps and is sufficiently * fast. * * - non-CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC configurations (so that we * do not trap on the (extremely unlikely) case of a page * crossing operation. * * - Furthermore, we need an efficient 64-bit compile for the * 64-bit case in order to generate the "number of bytes in * the final mask". Again, that could be replaced with a * efficient population count instruction or similar. */ #ifdef CONFIG_DCACHE_WORD_ACCESS #include <asm/word-at-a-time.h> #ifdef HASH_MIX /* Architecture provides HASH_MIX and fold_hash() in <asm/hash.h> */ #elif defined(CONFIG_64BIT) /* * Register pressure in the mixing function is an issue, particularly * on 32-bit x86, but almost any function requires one state value and * one temporary. Instead, use a function designed for two state values * and no temporaries. * * This function cannot create a collision in only two iterations, so * we have two iterations to achieve avalanche. In those two iterations, * we have six layers of mixing, which is enough to spread one bit's * influence out to 2^6 = 64 state bits. * * Rotate constants are scored by considering either 64 one-bit input * deltas or 64*63/2 = 2016 two-bit input deltas, and finding the * probability of that delta causing a change to each of the 128 output * bits, using a sample of random initial states. * * The Shannon entropy of the computed probabilities is then summed * to produce a score. Ideally, any input change has a 50% chance of * toggling any given output bit. * * Mixing scores (in bits) for (12,45): * Input delta: 1-bit 2-bit * 1 round: 713.3 42542.6 * 2 rounds: 2753.7 140389.8 * 3 rounds: 5954.1 233458.2 * 4 rounds: 7862.6 256672.2 * Perfect: 8192 258048 * (64*128) (64*63/2 * 128) */ #define HASH_MIX(x, y, a) \ ( x ^= (a), \ y ^= x, x = rol64(x,12),\ x += y, y = rol64(y,45),\ y *= 9 ) /* * Fold two longs into one 32-bit hash value. This must be fast, but * latency isn't quite as critical, as there is a fair bit of additional * work done before the hash value is used. */ static inline unsigned int fold_hash(unsigned long x, unsigned long y) { y ^= x * GOLDEN_RATIO_64; y *= GOLDEN_RATIO_64; return y >> 32; } #else /* 32-bit case */ /* * Mixing scores (in bits) for (7,20): * Input delta: 1-bit 2-bit * 1 round: 330.3 9201.6 * 2 rounds: 1246.4 25475.4 * 3 rounds: 1907.1 31295.1 * 4 rounds: 2042.3 31718.6 * Perfect: 2048 31744 * (32*64) (32*31/2 * 64) */ #define HASH_MIX(x, y, a) \ ( x ^= (a), \ y ^= x, x = rol32(x, 7),\ x += y, y = rol32(y,20),\ y *= 9 ) static inline unsigned int fold_hash(unsigned long x, unsigned long y) { /* Use arch-optimized multiply if one exists */ return __hash_32(y ^ __hash_32(x)); } #endif /* * Return the hash of a string of known length. This is carfully * designed to match hash_name(), which is the more critical function. * In particular, we must end by hashing a final word containing 0..7 * payload bytes, to match the way that hash_name() iterates until it * finds the delimiter after the name. */ unsigned int full_name_hash(const void *salt, const char *name, unsigned int len) { unsigned long a, x = 0, y = (unsigned long)salt; for (;;) { if (!len) goto done; a = load_unaligned_zeropad(name); if (len < sizeof(unsigned long)) break; HASH_MIX(x, y, a); name += sizeof(unsigned long); len -= sizeof(unsigned long); } x ^= a & bytemask_from_count(len); done: return fold_hash(x, y); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(full_name_hash); /* Return the "hash_len" (hash and length) of a null-terminated string */ u64 hashlen_string(const void *salt, const char *name) { unsigned long a = 0, x = 0, y = (unsigned long)salt; unsigned long adata, mask, len; const struct word_at_a_time constants = WORD_AT_A_TIME_CONSTANTS; len = 0; goto inside; do { HASH_MIX(x, y, a); len += sizeof(unsigned long); inside: a = load_unaligned_zeropad(name+len); } while (!has_zero(a, &adata, &constants)); adata = prep_zero_mask(a, adata, &constants); mask = create_zero_mask(adata); x ^= a & zero_bytemask(mask); return hashlen_create(fold_hash(x, y), len + find_zero(mask)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(hashlen_string); /* * Calculate the length and hash of the path component, and * return the "hash_len" as the result. */ static inline u64 hash_name(const void *salt, const char *name) { unsigned long a = 0, b, x = 0, y = (unsigned long)salt; unsigned long adata, bdata, mask, len; const struct word_at_a_time constants = WORD_AT_A_TIME_CONSTANTS; len = 0; goto inside; do { HASH_MIX(x, y, a); len += sizeof(unsigned long); inside: a = load_unaligned_zeropad(name+len); b = a ^ REPEAT_BYTE('/'); } while (!(has_zero(a, &adata, &constants) | has_zero(b, &bdata, &constants))); adata = prep_zero_mask(a, adata, &constants); bdata = prep_zero_mask(b, bdata, &constants); mask = create_zero_mask(adata | bdata); x ^= a & zero_bytemask(mask); return hashlen_create(fold_hash(x, y), len + find_zero(mask)); } #else /* !CONFIG_DCACHE_WORD_ACCESS: Slow, byte-at-a-time version */ /* Return the hash of a string of known length */ unsigned int full_name_hash(const void *salt, const char *name, unsigned int len) { unsigned long hash = init_name_hash(salt); while (len--) hash = partial_name_hash((unsigned char)*name++, hash); return end_name_hash(hash); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(full_name_hash); /* Return the "hash_len" (hash and length) of a null-terminated string */ u64 hashlen_string(const void *salt, const char *name) { unsigned long hash = init_name_hash(salt); unsigned long len = 0, c; c = (unsigned char)*name; while (c) { len++; hash = partial_name_hash(c, hash); c = (unsigned char)name[len]; } return hashlen_create(end_name_hash(hash), len); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(hashlen_string); /* * We know there's a real path component here of at least * one character. */ static inline u64 hash_name(const void *salt, const char *name) { unsigned long hash = init_name_hash(salt); unsigned long len = 0, c; c = (unsigned char)*name; do { len++; hash = partial_name_hash(c, hash); c = (unsigned char)name[len]; } while (c && c != '/'); return hashlen_create(end_name_hash(hash), len); } #endif /* * Name resolution. * This is the basic name resolution function, turning a pathname into * the final dentry. We expect 'base' to be positive and a directory. * * Returns 0 and nd will have valid dentry and mnt on success. * Returns error and drops reference to input namei data on failure. */ static int link_path_walk(const char *name, struct nameidata *nd) { int depth = 0; // depth <= nd->depth int err; nd->last_type = LAST_ROOT; nd->flags |= LOOKUP_PARENT; if (IS_ERR(name)) return PTR_ERR(name); while (*name=='/') name++; if (!*name) return 0; /* At this point we know we have a real path component. */ for(;;) { const char *link; u64 hash_len; int type; err = may_lookup(nd); if (err) return err; hash_len = hash_name(nd->path.dentry, name); type = LAST_NORM; if (name[0] == '.') switch (hashlen_len(hash_len)) { case 2: if (name[1] == '.') { type = LAST_DOTDOT; nd->flags |= LOOKUP_JUMPED; } break; case 1: type = LAST_DOT; } if (likely(type == LAST_NORM)) { struct dentry *parent = nd->path.dentry; nd->flags &= ~LOOKUP_JUMPED; if (unlikely(parent->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_HASH)) { struct qstr this = { { .hash_len = hash_len }, .name = name }; err = parent->d_op->d_hash(parent, &this); if (err < 0) return err; hash_len = this.hash_len; name = this.name; } } nd->last.hash_len = hash_len; nd->last.name = name; nd->last_type = type; name += hashlen_len(hash_len); if (!*name) goto OK; /* * If it wasn't NUL, we know it was '/'. Skip that * slash, and continue until no more slashes. */ do { name++; } while (unlikely(*name == '/')); if (unlikely(!*name)) { OK: /* pathname or trailing symlink, done */ if (!depth) { nd->dir_uid = nd->inode->i_uid; nd->dir_mode = nd->inode->i_mode; nd->flags &= ~LOOKUP_PARENT; return 0; } /* last component of nested symlink */ name = nd->stack[--depth].name; link = walk_component(nd, 0); } else { /* not the last component */ link = walk_component(nd, WALK_MORE); } if (unlikely(link)) { if (IS_ERR(link)) return PTR_ERR(link); /* a symlink to follow */ nd->stack[depth++].name = name; name = link; continue; } if (unlikely(!d_can_lookup(nd->path.dentry))) { if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { if (!try_to_unlazy(nd)) return -ECHILD; } return -ENOTDIR; } } } /* must be paired with terminate_walk() */ static const char *path_init(struct nameidata *nd, unsigned flags) { int error; const char *s = nd->name->name; if (!*s) flags &= ~LOOKUP_RCU; if (flags & LOOKUP_RCU) rcu_read_lock(); nd->flags = flags | LOOKUP_JUMPED; nd->depth = 0; nd->m_seq = __read_seqcount_begin(&mount_lock.seqcount); nd->r_seq = __read_seqcount_begin(&rename_lock.seqcount); smp_rmb(); if (flags & LOOKUP_ROOT) { struct dentry *root = nd->root.dentry; struct inode *inode = root->d_inode; if (*s && unlikely(!d_can_lookup(root))) return ERR_PTR(-ENOTDIR); nd->path = nd->root; nd->inode = inode; if (flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { nd->seq = read_seqcount_begin(&nd->path.dentry->d_seq); nd->root_seq = nd->seq; } else { path_get(&nd->path); } return s; } nd->root.mnt = NULL; nd->path.mnt = NULL; nd->path.dentry = NULL; /* Absolute pathname -- fetch the root (LOOKUP_IN_ROOT uses nd->dfd). */ if (*s == '/' && !(flags & LOOKUP_IN_ROOT)) { error = nd_jump_root(nd); if (unlikely(error)) return ERR_PTR(error); return s; } /* Relative pathname -- get the starting-point it is relative to. */ if (nd->dfd == AT_FDCWD) { if (flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { struct fs_struct *fs = current->fs; unsigned seq; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&fs->seq); nd->path = fs->pwd; nd->inode = nd->path.dentry->d_inode; nd->seq = __read_seqcount_begin(&nd->path.dentry->d_seq); } while (read_seqcount_retry(&fs->seq, seq)); } else { get_fs_pwd(current->fs, &nd->path); nd->inode = nd->path.dentry->d_inode; } } else { /* Caller must check execute permissions on the starting path component */ struct fd f = fdget_raw(nd->dfd); struct dentry *dentry; if (!f.file) return ERR_PTR(-EBADF); dentry = f.file->f_path.dentry; if (*s && unlikely(!d_can_lookup(dentry))) { fdput(f); return ERR_PTR(-ENOTDIR); } nd->path = f.file->f_path; if (flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { nd->inode = nd->path.dentry->d_inode; nd->seq = read_seqcount_begin(&nd->path.dentry->d_seq); } else { path_get(&nd->path); nd->inode = nd->path.dentry->d_inode; } fdput(f); } /* For scoped-lookups we need to set the root to the dirfd as well. */ if (flags & LOOKUP_IS_SCOPED) { nd->root = nd->path; if (flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { nd->root_seq = nd->seq; } else { path_get(&nd->root); nd->flags |= LOOKUP_ROOT_GRABBED; } } return s; } static inline const char *lookup_last(struct nameidata *nd) { if (nd->last_type == LAST_NORM && nd->last.name[nd->last.len]) nd->flags |= LOOKUP_FOLLOW | LOOKUP_DIRECTORY; return walk_component(nd, WALK_TRAILING); } static int handle_lookup_down(struct nameidata *nd) { if (!(nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU)) dget(nd->path.dentry); return PTR_ERR(step_into(nd, WALK_NOFOLLOW, nd->path.dentry, nd->inode, nd->seq)); } /* Returns 0 and nd will be valid on success; Retuns error, otherwise. */ static int path_lookupat(struct nameidata *nd, unsigned flags, struct path *path) { const char *s = path_init(nd, flags); int err; if (unlikely(flags & LOOKUP_DOWN) && !IS_ERR(s)) { err = handle_lookup_down(nd); if (unlikely(err < 0)) s = ERR_PTR(err); } while (!(err = link_path_walk(s, nd)) && (s = lookup_last(nd)) != NULL) ; if (!err && unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_MOUNTPOINT)) { err = handle_lookup_down(nd); nd->flags &= ~LOOKUP_JUMPED; // no d_weak_revalidate(), please... } if (!err) err = complete_walk(nd); if (!err && nd->flags & LOOKUP_DIRECTORY) if (!d_can_lookup(nd->path.dentry)) err = -ENOTDIR; if (!err) { *path = nd->path; nd->path.mnt = NULL; nd->path.dentry = NULL; } terminate_walk(nd); return err; } int filename_lookup(int dfd, struct filename *name, unsigned flags, struct path *path, struct path *root) { int retval; struct nameidata nd; if (IS_ERR(name)) return PTR_ERR(name); if (unlikely(root)) { nd.root = *root; flags |= LOOKUP_ROOT; } set_nameidata(&nd, dfd, name); retval = path_lookupat(&nd, flags | LOOKUP_RCU, path); if (unlikely(retval == -ECHILD)) retval = path_lookupat(&nd, flags, path); if (unlikely(retval == -ESTALE)) retval = path_lookupat(&nd, flags | LOOKUP_REVAL, path); if (likely(!retval)) audit_inode(name, path->dentry, flags & LOOKUP_MOUNTPOINT ? AUDIT_INODE_NOEVAL : 0); restore_nameidata(); putname(name); return retval; } /* Returns 0 and nd will be valid on success; Retuns error, otherwise. */ static int path_parentat(struct nameidata *nd, unsigned flags, struct path *parent) { const char *s = path_init(nd, flags); int err = link_path_walk(s, nd); if (!err) err = complete_walk(nd); if (!err) { *parent = nd->path; nd->path.mnt = NULL; nd->path.dentry = NULL; } terminate_walk(nd); return err; } static struct filename *filename_parentat(int dfd, struct filename *name, unsigned int flags, struct path *parent, struct qstr *last, int *type) { int retval; struct nameidata nd; if (IS_ERR(name)) return name; set_nameidata(&nd, dfd, name); retval = path_parentat(&nd, flags | LOOKUP_RCU, parent); if (unlikely(retval == -ECHILD)) retval = path_parentat(&nd, flags, parent); if (unlikely(retval == -ESTALE)) retval = path_parentat(&nd, flags | LOOKUP_REVAL, parent); if (likely(!retval)) { *last = nd.last; *type = nd.last_type; audit_inode(name, parent->dentry, AUDIT_INODE_PARENT); } else { putname(name); name = ERR_PTR(retval); } restore_nameidata(); return name; } /* does lookup, returns the object with parent locked */ struct dentry *kern_path_locked(const char *name, struct path *path) { struct filename *filename; struct dentry *d; struct qstr last; int type; filename = filename_parentat(AT_FDCWD, getname_kernel(name), 0, path, &last, &type); if (IS_ERR(filename)) return ERR_CAST(filename); if (unlikely(type != LAST_NORM)) { path_put(path); putname(filename); return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } inode_lock_nested(path->dentry->d_inode, I_MUTEX_PARENT); d = __lookup_hash(&last, path->dentry, 0); if (IS_ERR(d)) { inode_unlock(path->dentry->d_inode); path_put(path); } putname(filename); return d; } int kern_path(const char *name, unsigned int flags, struct path *path) { return filename_lookup(AT_FDCWD, getname_kernel(name), flags, path, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kern_path); /** * vfs_path_lookup - lookup a file path relative to a dentry-vfsmount pair * @dentry: pointer to dentry of the base directory * @mnt: pointer to vfs mount of the base directory * @name: pointer to file name * @flags: lookup flags * @path: pointer to struct path to fill */ int vfs_path_lookup(struct dentry *dentry, struct vfsmount *mnt, const char *name, unsigned int flags, struct path *path) { struct path root = {.mnt = mnt, .dentry = dentry}; /* the first argument of filename_lookup() is ignored with root */ return filename_lookup(AT_FDCWD, getname_kernel(name), flags , path, &root); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_path_lookup); static int lookup_one_len_common(const char *name, struct dentry *base, int len, struct qstr *this) { this->name = name; this->len = len; this->hash = full_name_hash(base, name, len); if (!len) return -EACCES; if (unlikely(name[0] == '.')) { if (len < 2 || (len == 2 && name[1] == '.')) return -EACCES; } while (len--) { unsigned int c = *(const unsigned char *)name++; if (c == '/' || c == '\0') return -EACCES; } /* * See if the low-level filesystem might want * to use its own hash.. */ if (base->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_HASH) { int err = base->d_op->d_hash(base, this); if (err < 0) return err; } return inode_permission(base->d_inode, MAY_EXEC); } /** * try_lookup_one_len - filesystem helper to lookup single pathname component * @name: pathname component to lookup * @base: base directory to lookup from * @len: maximum length @len should be interpreted to * * Look up a dentry by name in the dcache, returning NULL if it does not * currently exist. The function does not try to create a dentry. * * Note that this routine is purely a helper for filesystem usage and should * not be called by generic code. * * The caller must hold base->i_mutex. */ struct dentry *try_lookup_one_len(const char *name, struct dentry *base, int len) { struct qstr this; int err; WARN_ON_ONCE(!inode_is_locked(base->d_inode)); err = lookup_one_len_common(name, base, len, &this); if (err) return ERR_PTR(err); return lookup_dcache(&this, base, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(try_lookup_one_len); /** * lookup_one_len - filesystem helper to lookup single pathname component * @name: pathname component to lookup * @base: base directory to lookup from * @len: maximum length @len should be interpreted to * * Note that this routine is purely a helper for filesystem usage and should * not be called by generic code. * * The caller must hold base->i_mutex. */ struct dentry *lookup_one_len(const char *name, struct dentry *base, int len) { struct dentry *dentry; struct qstr this; int err; WARN_ON_ONCE(!inode_is_locked(base->d_inode)); err = lookup_one_len_common(name, base, len, &this); if (err) return ERR_PTR(err); dentry = lookup_dcache(&this, base, 0); return dentry ? dentry : __lookup_slow(&this, base, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(lookup_one_len); /** * lookup_one_len_unlocked - filesystem helper to lookup single pathname component * @name: pathname component to lookup * @base: base directory to lookup from * @len: maximum length @len should be interpreted to * * Note that this routine is purely a helper for filesystem usage and should * not be called by generic code. * * Unlike lookup_one_len, it should be called without the parent * i_mutex held, and will take the i_mutex itself if necessary. */ struct dentry *lookup_one_len_unlocked(const char *name, struct dentry *base, int len) { struct qstr this; int err; struct dentry *ret; err = lookup_one_len_common(name, base, len, &this); if (err) return ERR_PTR(err); ret = lookup_dcache(&this, base, 0); if (!ret) ret = lookup_slow(&this, base, 0); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(lookup_one_len_unlocked); /* * Like lookup_one_len_unlocked(), except that it yields ERR_PTR(-ENOENT) * on negatives. Returns known positive or ERR_PTR(); that's what * most of the users want. Note that pinned negative with unlocked parent * _can_ become positive at any time, so callers of lookup_one_len_unlocked() * need to be very careful; pinned positives have ->d_inode stable, so * this one avoids such problems. */ struct dentry *lookup_positive_unlocked(const char *name, struct dentry *base, int len) { struct dentry *ret = lookup_one_len_unlocked(name, base, len); if (!IS_ERR(ret) && d_flags_negative(smp_load_acquire(&ret->d_flags))) { dput(ret); ret = ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); } return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(lookup_positive_unlocked); #ifdef CONFIG_UNIX98_PTYS int path_pts(struct path *path) { /* Find something mounted on "pts" in the same directory as * the input path. */ struct dentry *parent = dget_parent(path->dentry); struct dentry *child; struct qstr this = QSTR_INIT("pts", 3); if (unlikely(!path_connected(path->mnt, parent))) { dput(parent); return -ENOENT; } dput(path->dentry); path->dentry = parent; child = d_hash_and_lookup(parent, &this); if (!child) return -ENOENT; path->dentry = child; dput(parent); follow_down(path); return 0; } #endif int user_path_at_empty(int dfd, const char __user *name, unsigned flags, struct path *path, int *empty) { return filename_lookup(dfd, getname_flags(name, flags, empty), flags, path, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(user_path_at_empty); int __check_sticky(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode) { kuid_t fsuid = current_fsuid(); if (uid_eq(inode->i_uid, fsuid)) return 0; if (uid_eq(dir->i_uid, fsuid)) return 0; return !capable_wrt_inode_uidgid(inode, CAP_FOWNER); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__check_sticky); /* * Check whether we can remove a link victim from directory dir, check * whether the type of victim is right. * 1. We can't do it if dir is read-only (done in permission()) * 2. We should have write and exec permissions on dir * 3. We can't remove anything from append-only dir * 4. We can't do anything with immutable dir (done in permission()) * 5. If the sticky bit on dir is set we should either * a. be owner of dir, or * b. be owner of victim, or * c. have CAP_FOWNER capability * 6. If the victim is append-only or immutable we can't do antyhing with * links pointing to it. * 7. If the victim has an unknown uid or gid we can't change the inode. * 8. If we were asked to remove a directory and victim isn't one - ENOTDIR. * 9. If we were asked to remove a non-directory and victim isn't one - EISDIR. * 10. We can't remove a root or mountpoint. * 11. We don't allow removal of NFS sillyrenamed files; it's handled by * nfs_async_unlink(). */ static int may_delete(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *victim, bool isdir) { struct inode *inode = d_backing_inode(victim); int error; if (d_is_negative(victim)) return -ENOENT; BUG_ON(!inode); BUG_ON(victim->d_parent->d_inode != dir); /* Inode writeback is not safe when the uid or gid are invalid. */ if (!uid_valid(inode->i_uid) || !gid_valid(inode->i_gid)) return -EOVERFLOW; audit_inode_child(dir, victim, AUDIT_TYPE_CHILD_DELETE); error = inode_permission(dir, MAY_WRITE | MAY_EXEC); if (error) return error; if (IS_APPEND(dir)) return -EPERM; if (check_sticky(dir, inode) || IS_APPEND(inode) || IS_IMMUTABLE(inode) || IS_SWAPFILE(inode) || HAS_UNMAPPED_ID(inode)) return -EPERM; if (isdir) { if (!d_is_dir(victim)) return -ENOTDIR; if (IS_ROOT(victim)) return -EBUSY; } else if (d_is_dir(victim)) return -EISDIR; if (IS_DEADDIR(dir)) return -ENOENT; if (victim->d_flags & DCACHE_NFSFS_RENAMED) return -EBUSY; return 0; } /* Check whether we can create an object with dentry child in directory * dir. * 1. We can't do it if child already exists (open has special treatment for * this case, but since we are inlined it's OK) * 2. We can't do it if dir is read-only (done in permission()) * 3. We can't do it if the fs can't represent the fsuid or fsgid. * 4. We should have write and exec permissions on dir * 5. We can't do it if dir is immutable (done in permission()) */ static inline int may_create(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *child) { struct user_namespace *s_user_ns; audit_inode_child(dir, child, AUDIT_TYPE_CHILD_CREATE); if (child->d_inode) return -EEXIST; if (IS_DEADDIR(dir)) return -ENOENT; s_user_ns = dir->i_sb->s_user_ns; if (!kuid_has_mapping(s_user_ns, current_fsuid()) || !kgid_has_mapping(s_user_ns, current_fsgid())) return -EOVERFLOW; return inode_permission(dir, MAY_WRITE | MAY_EXEC); } /* * p1 and p2 should be directories on the same fs. */ struct dentry *lock_rename(struct dentry *p1, struct dentry *p2) { struct dentry *p; if (p1 == p2) { inode_lock_nested(p1->d_inode, I_MUTEX_PARENT); return NULL; } mutex_lock(&p1->d_sb->s_vfs_rename_mutex); p = d_ancestor(p2, p1); if (p) { inode_lock_nested(p2->d_inode, I_MUTEX_PARENT); inode_lock_nested(p1->d_inode, I_MUTEX_CHILD); return p; } p = d_ancestor(p1, p2); if (p) { inode_lock_nested(p1->d_inode, I_MUTEX_PARENT); inode_lock_nested(p2->d_inode, I_MUTEX_CHILD); return p; } inode_lock_nested(p1->d_inode, I_MUTEX_PARENT); inode_lock_nested(p2->d_inode, I_MUTEX_PARENT2); return NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(lock_rename); void unlock_rename(struct dentry *p1, struct dentry *p2) { inode_unlock(p1->d_inode); if (p1 != p2) { inode_unlock(p2->d_inode); mutex_unlock(&p1->d_sb->s_vfs_rename_mutex); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(unlock_rename); int vfs_create(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode, bool want_excl) { int error = may_create(dir, dentry); if (error) return error; if (!dir->i_op->create) return -EACCES; /* shouldn't it be ENOSYS? */ mode &= S_IALLUGO; mode |= S_IFREG; error = security_inode_create(dir, dentry, mode); if (error) return error; error = dir->i_op->create(dir, dentry, mode, want_excl); if (!error) fsnotify_create(dir, dentry); return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_create); int vfs_mkobj(struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode, int (*f)(struct dentry *, umode_t, void *), void *arg) { struct inode *dir = dentry->d_parent->d_inode; int error = may_create(dir, dentry); if (error) return error; mode &= S_IALLUGO; mode |= S_IFREG; error = security_inode_create(dir, dentry, mode); if (error) return error; error = f(dentry, mode, arg); if (!error) fsnotify_create(dir, dentry); return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_mkobj); bool may_open_dev(const struct path *path) { return !(path->mnt->mnt_flags & MNT_NODEV) && !(path->mnt->mnt_sb->s_iflags & SB_I_NODEV); } static int may_open(const struct path *path, int acc_mode, int flag) { struct dentry *dentry = path->dentry; struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode; int error; if (!inode) return -ENOENT; switch (inode->i_mode & S_IFMT) { case S_IFLNK: return -ELOOP; case S_IFDIR: if (acc_mode & MAY_WRITE) return -EISDIR; if (acc_mode & MAY_EXEC) return -EACCES; break; case S_IFBLK: case S_IFCHR: if (!may_open_dev(path)) return -EACCES; fallthrough; case S_IFIFO: case S_IFSOCK: if (acc_mode & MAY_EXEC) return -EACCES; flag &= ~O_TRUNC; break; case S_IFREG: if ((acc_mode & MAY_EXEC) && path_noexec(path)) return -EACCES; break; } error = inode_permission(inode, MAY_OPEN | acc_mode); if (error) return error; /* * An append-only file must be opened in append mode for writing. */ if (IS_APPEND(inode)) { if ((flag & O_ACCMODE) != O_RDONLY && !(flag & O_APPEND)) return -EPERM; if (flag & O_TRUNC) return -EPERM; } /* O_NOATIME can only be set by the owner or superuser */ if (flag & O_NOATIME && !inode_owner_or_capable(inode)) return -EPERM; return 0; } static int handle_truncate(struct file *filp) { const struct path *path = &filp->f_path; struct inode *inode = path->dentry->d_inode; int error = get_write_access(inode); if (error) return error; /* * Refuse to truncate files with mandatory locks held on them. */ error = locks_verify_locked(filp); if (!error) error = security_path_truncate(path); if (!error) { error = do_truncate(path->dentry, 0, ATTR_MTIME|ATTR_CTIME|ATTR_OPEN, filp); } put_write_access(inode); return error; } static inline int open_to_namei_flags(int flag) { if ((flag & O_ACCMODE) == 3) flag--; return flag; } static int may_o_create(const struct path *dir, struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode) { struct user_namespace *s_user_ns; int error = security_path_mknod(dir, dentry, mode, 0); if (error) return error; s_user_ns = dir->dentry->d_sb->s_user_ns; if (!kuid_has_mapping(s_user_ns, current_fsuid()) || !kgid_has_mapping(s_user_ns, current_fsgid())) return -EOVERFLOW; error = inode_permission(dir->dentry->d_inode, MAY_WRITE | MAY_EXEC); if (error) return error; return security_inode_create(dir->dentry->d_inode, dentry, mode); } /* * Attempt to atomically look up, create and open a file from a negative * dentry. * * Returns 0 if successful. The file will have been created and attached to * @file by the filesystem calling finish_open(). * * If the file was looked up only or didn't need creating, FMODE_OPENED won't * be set. The caller will need to perform the open themselves. @path will * have been updated to point to the new dentry. This may be negative. * * Returns an error code otherwise. */ static struct dentry *atomic_open(struct nameidata *nd, struct dentry *dentry, struct file *file, int open_flag, umode_t mode) { struct dentry *const DENTRY_NOT_SET = (void *) -1UL; struct inode *dir = nd->path.dentry->d_inode; int error; if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_DIRECTORY) open_flag |= O_DIRECTORY; file->f_path.dentry = DENTRY_NOT_SET; file->f_path.mnt = nd->path.mnt; error = dir->i_op->atomic_open(dir, dentry, file, open_to_namei_flags(open_flag), mode); d_lookup_done(dentry); if (!error) { if (file->f_mode & FMODE_OPENED) { if (unlikely(dentry != file->f_path.dentry)) { dput(dentry); dentry = dget(file->f_path.dentry); } } else if (WARN_ON(file->f_path.dentry == DENTRY_NOT_SET)) { error = -EIO; } else { if (file->f_path.dentry) { dput(dentry); dentry = file->f_path.dentry; } if (unlikely(d_is_negative(dentry))) error = -ENOENT; } } if (error) { dput(dentry); dentry = ERR_PTR(error); } return dentry; } /* * Look up and maybe create and open the last component. * * Must be called with parent locked (exclusive in O_CREAT case). * * Returns 0 on success, that is, if * the file was successfully atomically created (if necessary) and opened, or * the file was not completely opened at this time, though lookups and * creations were performed. * These case are distinguished by presence of FMODE_OPENED on file->f_mode. * In the latter case dentry returned in @path might be negative if O_CREAT * hadn't been specified. * * An error code is returned on failure. */ static struct dentry *lookup_open(struct nameidata *nd, struct file *file, const struct open_flags *op, bool got_write) { struct dentry *dir = nd->path.dentry; struct inode *dir_inode = dir->d_inode; int open_flag = op->open_flag; struct dentry *dentry; int error, create_error = 0; umode_t mode = op->mode; DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD_ONSTACK(wq); if (unlikely(IS_DEADDIR(dir_inode))) return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); file->f_mode &= ~FMODE_CREATED; dentry = d_lookup(dir, &nd->last); for (;;) { if (!dentry) { dentry = d_alloc_parallel(dir, &nd->last, &wq); if (IS_ERR(dentry)) return dentry; } if (d_in_lookup(dentry)) break; error = d_revalidate(dentry, nd->flags); if (likely(error > 0)) break; if (error) goto out_dput; d_invalidate(dentry); dput(dentry); dentry = NULL; } if (dentry->d_inode) { /* Cached positive dentry: will open in f_op->open */ return dentry; } /* * Checking write permission is tricky, bacuse we don't know if we are * going to actually need it: O_CREAT opens should work as long as the * file exists. But checking existence breaks atomicity. The trick is * to check access and if not granted clear O_CREAT from the flags. * * Another problem is returing the "right" error value (e.g. for an * O_EXCL open we want to return EEXIST not EROFS). */ if (unlikely(!got_write)) open_flag &= ~O_TRUNC; if (open_flag & O_CREAT) { if (open_flag & O_EXCL) open_flag &= ~O_TRUNC; if (!IS_POSIXACL(dir->d_inode)) mode &= ~current_umask(); if (likely(got_write)) create_error = may_o_create(&nd->path, dentry, mode); else create_error = -EROFS; } if (create_error) open_flag &= ~O_CREAT; if (dir_inode->i_op->atomic_open) { dentry = atomic_open(nd, dentry, file, open_flag, mode); if (unlikely(create_error) && dentry == ERR_PTR(-ENOENT)) dentry = ERR_PTR(create_error); return dentry; } if (d_in_lookup(dentry)) { struct dentry *res = dir_inode->i_op->lookup(dir_inode, dentry, nd->flags); d_lookup_done(dentry); if (unlikely(res)) { if (IS_ERR(res)) { error = PTR_ERR(res); goto out_dput; } dput(dentry); dentry = res; } } /* Negative dentry, just create the file */ if (!dentry->d_inode && (open_flag & O_CREAT)) { file->f_mode |= FMODE_CREATED; audit_inode_child(dir_inode, dentry, AUDIT_TYPE_CHILD_CREATE); if (!dir_inode->i_op->create) { error = -EACCES; goto out_dput; } error = dir_inode->i_op->create(dir_inode, dentry, mode, open_flag & O_EXCL); if (error) goto out_dput; } if (unlikely(create_error) && !dentry->d_inode) { error = create_error; goto out_dput; } return dentry; out_dput: dput(dentry); return ERR_PTR(error); } static const char *open_last_lookups(struct nameidata *nd, struct file *file, const struct open_flags *op) { struct dentry *dir = nd->path.dentry; int open_flag = op->open_flag; bool got_write = false; unsigned seq; struct inode *inode; struct dentry *dentry; const char *res; nd->flags |= op->intent; if (nd->last_type != LAST_NORM) { if (nd->depth) put_link(nd); return handle_dots(nd, nd->last_type); } if (!(open_flag & O_CREAT)) { if (nd->last.name[nd->last.len]) nd->flags |= LOOKUP_FOLLOW | LOOKUP_DIRECTORY; /* we _can_ be in RCU mode here */ dentry = lookup_fast(nd, &inode, &seq); if (IS_ERR(dentry)) return ERR_CAST(dentry); if (likely(dentry)) goto finish_lookup; BUG_ON(nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU); } else { /* create side of things */ if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) { if (!try_to_unlazy(nd)) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); } audit_inode(nd->name, dir, AUDIT_INODE_PARENT); /* trailing slashes? */ if (unlikely(nd->last.name[nd->last.len])) return ERR_PTR(-EISDIR); } if (open_flag & (O_CREAT | O_TRUNC | O_WRONLY | O_RDWR)) { got_write = !mnt_want_write(nd->path.mnt); /* * do _not_ fail yet - we might not need that or fail with * a different error; let lookup_open() decide; we'll be * dropping this one anyway. */ } if (open_flag & O_CREAT) inode_lock(dir->d_inode); else inode_lock_shared(dir->d_inode); dentry = lookup_open(nd, file, op, got_write); if (!IS_ERR(dentry) && (file->f_mode & FMODE_CREATED)) fsnotify_create(dir->d_inode, dentry); if (open_flag & O_CREAT) inode_unlock(dir->d_inode); else inode_unlock_shared(dir->d_inode); if (got_write) mnt_drop_write(nd->path.mnt); if (IS_ERR(dentry)) return ERR_CAST(dentry); if (file->f_mode & (FMODE_OPENED | FMODE_CREATED)) { dput(nd->path.dentry); nd->path.dentry = dentry; return NULL; } finish_lookup: if (nd->depth) put_link(nd); res = step_into(nd, WALK_TRAILING, dentry, inode, seq); if (unlikely(res)) nd->flags &= ~(LOOKUP_OPEN|LOOKUP_CREATE|LOOKUP_EXCL); return res; } /* * Handle the last step of open() */ static int do_open(struct nameidata *nd, struct file *file, const struct open_flags *op) { int open_flag = op->open_flag; bool do_truncate; int acc_mode; int error; if (!(file->f_mode & (FMODE_OPENED | FMODE_CREATED))) { error = complete_walk(nd); if (error) return error; } if (!(file->f_mode & FMODE_CREATED)) audit_inode(nd->name, nd->path.dentry, 0); if (open_flag & O_CREAT) { if ((open_flag & O_EXCL) && !(file->f_mode & FMODE_CREATED)) return -EEXIST; if (d_is_dir(nd->path.dentry)) return -EISDIR; error = may_create_in_sticky(nd->dir_mode, nd->dir_uid, d_backing_inode(nd->path.dentry)); if (unlikely(error)) return error; } if ((nd->flags & LOOKUP_DIRECTORY) && !d_can_lookup(nd->path.dentry)) return -ENOTDIR; do_truncate = false; acc_mode = op->acc_mode; if (file->f_mode & FMODE_CREATED) { /* Don't check for write permission, don't truncate */ open_flag &= ~O_TRUNC; acc_mode = 0; } else if (d_is_reg(nd->path.dentry) && open_flag & O_TRUNC) { error = mnt_want_write(nd->path.mnt); if (error) return error; do_truncate = true; } error = may_open(&nd->path, acc_mode, open_flag); if (!error && !(file->f_mode & FMODE_OPENED)) error = vfs_open(&nd->path, file); if (!error) error = ima_file_check(file, op->acc_mode); if (!error && do_truncate) error = handle_truncate(file); if (unlikely(error > 0)) { WARN_ON(1); error = -EINVAL; } if (do_truncate) mnt_drop_write(nd->path.mnt); return error; } struct dentry *vfs_tmpfile(struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode, int open_flag) { struct dentry *child = NULL; struct inode *dir = dentry->d_inode; struct inode *inode; int error; /* we want directory to be writable */ error = inode_permission(dir, MAY_WRITE | MAY_EXEC); if (error) goto out_err; error = -EOPNOTSUPP; if (!dir->i_op->tmpfile) goto out_err; error = -ENOMEM; child = d_alloc(dentry, &slash_name); if (unlikely(!child)) goto out_err; error = dir->i_op->tmpfile(dir, child, mode); if (error) goto out_err; error = -ENOENT; inode = child->d_inode; if (unlikely(!inode)) goto out_err; if (!(open_flag & O_EXCL)) { spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); inode->i_state |= I_LINKABLE; spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } ima_post_create_tmpfile(inode); return child; out_err: dput(child); return ERR_PTR(error); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_tmpfile); static int do_tmpfile(struct nameidata *nd, unsigned flags, const struct open_flags *op, struct file *file) { struct dentry *child; struct path path; int error = path_lookupat(nd, flags | LOOKUP_DIRECTORY, &path); if (unlikely(error)) return error; error = mnt_want_write(path.mnt); if (unlikely(error)) goto out; child = vfs_tmpfile(path.dentry, op->mode, op->open_flag); error = PTR_ERR(child); if (IS_ERR(child)) goto out2; dput(path.dentry); path.dentry = child; audit_inode(nd->name, child, 0); /* Don't check for other permissions, the inode was just created */ error = may_open(&path, 0, op->open_flag); if (error) goto out2; file->f_path.mnt = path.mnt; error = finish_open(file, child, NULL); out2: mnt_drop_write(path.mnt); out: path_put(&path); return error; } static int do_o_path(struct nameidata *nd, unsigned flags, struct file *file) { struct path path; int error = path_lookupat(nd, flags, &path); if (!error) { audit_inode(nd->name, path.dentry, 0); error = vfs_open(&path, file); path_put(&path); } return error; } static struct file *path_openat(struct nameidata *nd, const struct open_flags *op, unsigned flags) { struct file *file; int error; file = alloc_empty_file(op->open_flag, current_cred()); if (IS_ERR(file)) return file; if (unlikely(file->f_flags & __O_TMPFILE)) { error = do_tmpfile(nd, flags, op, file); } else if (unlikely(file->f_flags & O_PATH)) { error = do_o_path(nd, flags, file); } else { const char *s = path_init(nd, flags); while (!(error = link_path_walk(s, nd)) && (s = open_last_lookups(nd, file, op)) != NULL) ; if (!error) error = do_open(nd, file, op); terminate_walk(nd); } if (likely(!error)) { if (likely(file->f_mode & FMODE_OPENED)) return file; WARN_ON(1); error = -EINVAL; } fput(file); if (error == -EOPENSTALE) { if (flags & LOOKUP_RCU) error = -ECHILD; else error = -ESTALE; } return ERR_PTR(error); } struct file *do_filp_open(int dfd, struct filename *pathname, const struct open_flags *op) { struct nameidata nd; int flags = op->lookup_flags; struct file *filp; set_nameidata(&nd, dfd, pathname); filp = path_openat(&nd, op, flags | LOOKUP_RCU); if (unlikely(filp == ERR_PTR(-ECHILD))) filp = path_openat(&nd, op, flags); if (unlikely(filp == ERR_PTR(-ESTALE))) filp = path_openat(&nd, op, flags | LOOKUP_REVAL); restore_nameidata(); return filp; } struct file *do_file_open_root(struct dentry *dentry, struct vfsmount *mnt, const char *name, const struct open_flags *op) { struct nameidata nd; struct file *file; struct filename *filename; int flags = op->lookup_flags | LOOKUP_ROOT; nd.root.mnt = mnt; nd.root.dentry = dentry; if (d_is_symlink(dentry) && op->intent & LOOKUP_OPEN) return ERR_PTR(-ELOOP); filename = getname_kernel(name); if (IS_ERR(filename)) return ERR_CAST(filename); set_nameidata(&nd, -1, filename); file = path_openat(&nd, op, flags | LOOKUP_RCU); if (unlikely(file == ERR_PTR(-ECHILD))) file = path_openat(&nd, op, flags); if (unlikely(file == ERR_PTR(-ESTALE))) file = path_openat(&nd, op, flags | LOOKUP_REVAL); restore_nameidata(); putname(filename); return file; } static struct dentry *filename_create(int dfd, struct filename *name, struct path *path, unsigned int lookup_flags) { struct dentry *dentry = ERR_PTR(-EEXIST); struct qstr last; int type; int err2; int error; bool is_dir = (lookup_flags & LOOKUP_DIRECTORY); /* * Note that only LOOKUP_REVAL and LOOKUP_DIRECTORY matter here. Any * other flags passed in are ignored! */ lookup_flags &= LOOKUP_REVAL; name = filename_parentat(dfd, name, lookup_flags, path, &last, &type); if (IS_ERR(name)) return ERR_CAST(name); /* * Yucky last component or no last component at all? * (foo/., foo/.., /////) */ if (unlikely(type != LAST_NORM)) goto out; /* don't fail immediately if it's r/o, at least try to report other errors */ err2 = mnt_want_write(path->mnt); /* * Do the final lookup. */ lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_CREATE | LOOKUP_EXCL; inode_lock_nested(path->dentry->d_inode, I_MUTEX_PARENT); dentry = __lookup_hash(&last, path->dentry, lookup_flags); if (IS_ERR(dentry)) goto unlock; error = -EEXIST; if (d_is_positive(dentry)) goto fail; /* * Special case - lookup gave negative, but... we had foo/bar/ * From the vfs_mknod() POV we just have a negative dentry - * all is fine. Let's be bastards - you had / on the end, you've * been asking for (non-existent) directory. -ENOENT for you. */ if (unlikely(!is_dir && last.name[last.len])) { error = -ENOENT; goto fail; } if (unlikely(err2)) { error = err2; goto fail; } putname(name); return dentry; fail: dput(dentry); dentry = ERR_PTR(error); unlock: inode_unlock(path->dentry->d_inode); if (!err2) mnt_drop_write(path->mnt); out: path_put(path); putname(name); return dentry; } struct dentry *kern_path_create(int dfd, const char *pathname, struct path *path, unsigned int lookup_flags) { return filename_create(dfd, getname_kernel(pathname), path, lookup_flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kern_path_create); void done_path_create(struct path *path, struct dentry *dentry) { dput(dentry); inode_unlock(path->dentry->d_inode); mnt_drop_write(path->mnt); path_put(path); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(done_path_create); inline struct dentry *user_path_create(int dfd, const char __user *pathname, struct path *path, unsigned int lookup_flags) { return filename_create(dfd, getname(pathname), path, lookup_flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(user_path_create); int vfs_mknod(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode, dev_t dev) { bool is_whiteout = S_ISCHR(mode) && dev == WHITEOUT_DEV; int error = may_create(dir, dentry); if (error) return error; if ((S_ISCHR(mode) || S_ISBLK(mode)) && !is_whiteout && !capable(CAP_MKNOD)) return -EPERM; if (!dir->i_op->mknod) return -EPERM; error = devcgroup_inode_mknod(mode, dev); if (error) return error; error = security_inode_mknod(dir, dentry, mode, dev); if (error) return error; error = dir->i_op->mknod(dir, dentry, mode, dev); if (!error) fsnotify_create(dir, dentry); return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_mknod); static int may_mknod(umode_t mode) { switch (mode & S_IFMT) { case S_IFREG: case S_IFCHR: case S_IFBLK: case S_IFIFO: case S_IFSOCK: case 0: /* zero mode translates to S_IFREG */ return 0; case S_IFDIR: return -EPERM; default: return -EINVAL; } } static long do_mknodat(int dfd, const char __user *filename, umode_t mode, unsigned int dev) { struct dentry *dentry; struct path path; int error; unsigned int lookup_flags = 0; error = may_mknod(mode); if (error) return error; retry: dentry = user_path_create(dfd, filename, &path, lookup_flags); if (IS_ERR(dentry)) return PTR_ERR(dentry); if (!IS_POSIXACL(path.dentry->d_inode)) mode &= ~current_umask(); error = security_path_mknod(&path, dentry, mode, dev); if (error) goto out; switch (mode & S_IFMT) { case 0: case S_IFREG: error = vfs_create(path.dentry->d_inode,dentry,mode,true); if (!error) ima_post_path_mknod(dentry); break; case S_IFCHR: case S_IFBLK: error = vfs_mknod(path.dentry->d_inode,dentry,mode, new_decode_dev(dev)); break; case S_IFIFO: case S_IFSOCK: error = vfs_mknod(path.dentry->d_inode,dentry,mode,0); break; } out: done_path_create(&path, dentry); if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE4(mknodat, int, dfd, const char __user *, filename, umode_t, mode, unsigned int, dev) { return do_mknodat(dfd, filename, mode, dev); } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(mknod, const char __user *, filename, umode_t, mode, unsigned, dev) { return do_mknodat(AT_FDCWD, filename, mode, dev); } int vfs_mkdir(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode) { int error = may_create(dir, dentry); unsigned max_links = dir->i_sb->s_max_links; if (error) return error; if (!dir->i_op->mkdir) return -EPERM; mode &= (S_IRWXUGO|S_ISVTX); error = security_inode_mkdir(dir, dentry, mode); if (error) return error; if (max_links && dir->i_nlink >= max_links) return -EMLINK; error = dir->i_op->mkdir(dir, dentry, mode); if (!error) fsnotify_mkdir(dir, dentry); return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_mkdir); static long do_mkdirat(int dfd, const char __user *pathname, umode_t mode) { struct dentry *dentry; struct path path; int error; unsigned int lookup_flags = LOOKUP_DIRECTORY; retry: dentry = user_path_create(dfd, pathname, &path, lookup_flags); if (IS_ERR(dentry)) return PTR_ERR(dentry); if (!IS_POSIXACL(path.dentry->d_inode)) mode &= ~current_umask(); error = security_path_mkdir(&path, dentry, mode); if (!error) error = vfs_mkdir(path.dentry->d_inode, dentry, mode); done_path_create(&path, dentry); if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(mkdirat, int, dfd, const char __user *, pathname, umode_t, mode) { return do_mkdirat(dfd, pathname, mode); } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(mkdir, const char __user *, pathname, umode_t, mode) { return do_mkdirat(AT_FDCWD, pathname, mode); } int vfs_rmdir(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry) { int error = may_delete(dir, dentry, 1); if (error) return error; if (!dir->i_op->rmdir) return -EPERM; dget(dentry); inode_lock(dentry->d_inode); error = -EBUSY; if (is_local_mountpoint(dentry)) goto out; error = security_inode_rmdir(dir, dentry); if (error) goto out; error = dir->i_op->rmdir(dir, dentry); if (error) goto out; shrink_dcache_parent(dentry); dentry->d_inode->i_flags |= S_DEAD; dont_mount(dentry); detach_mounts(dentry); fsnotify_rmdir(dir, dentry); out: inode_unlock(dentry->d_inode); dput(dentry); if (!error) d_delete(dentry); return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_rmdir); long do_rmdir(int dfd, struct filename *name) { int error = 0; struct dentry *dentry; struct path path; struct qstr last; int type; unsigned int lookup_flags = 0; retry: name = filename_parentat(dfd, name, lookup_flags, &path, &last, &type); if (IS_ERR(name)) return PTR_ERR(name); switch (type) { case LAST_DOTDOT: error = -ENOTEMPTY; goto exit1; case LAST_DOT: error = -EINVAL; goto exit1; case LAST_ROOT: error = -EBUSY; goto exit1; } error = mnt_want_write(path.mnt); if (error) goto exit1; inode_lock_nested(path.dentry->d_inode, I_MUTEX_PARENT); dentry = __lookup_hash(&last, path.dentry, lookup_flags); error = PTR_ERR(dentry); if (IS_ERR(dentry)) goto exit2; if (!dentry->d_inode) { error = -ENOENT; goto exit3; } error = security_path_rmdir(&path, dentry); if (error) goto exit3; error = vfs_rmdir(path.dentry->d_inode, dentry); exit3: dput(dentry); exit2: inode_unlock(path.dentry->d_inode); mnt_drop_write(path.mnt); exit1: path_put(&path); if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } putname(name); return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE1(rmdir, const char __user *, pathname) { return do_rmdir(AT_FDCWD, getname(pathname)); } /** * vfs_unlink - unlink a filesystem object * @dir: parent directory * @dentry: victim * @delegated_inode: returns victim inode, if the inode is delegated. * * The caller must hold dir->i_mutex. * * If vfs_unlink discovers a delegation, it will return -EWOULDBLOCK and * return a reference to the inode in delegated_inode. The caller * should then break the delegation on that inode and retry. Because * breaking a delegation may take a long time, the caller should drop * dir->i_mutex before doing so. * * Alternatively, a caller may pass NULL for delegated_inode. This may * be appropriate for callers that expect the underlying filesystem not * to be NFS exported. */ int vfs_unlink(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, struct inode **delegated_inode) { struct inode *target = dentry->d_inode; int error = may_delete(dir, dentry, 0); if (error) return error; if (!dir->i_op->unlink) return -EPERM; inode_lock(target); if (is_local_mountpoint(dentry)) error = -EBUSY; else { error = security_inode_unlink(dir, dentry); if (!error) { error = try_break_deleg(target, delegated_inode); if (error) goto out; error = dir->i_op->unlink(dir, dentry); if (!error) { dont_mount(dentry); detach_mounts(dentry); fsnotify_unlink(dir, dentry); } } } out: inode_unlock(target); /* We don't d_delete() NFS sillyrenamed files--they still exist. */ if (!error && !(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_NFSFS_RENAMED)) { fsnotify_link_count(target); d_delete(dentry); } return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_unlink); /* * Make sure that the actual truncation of the file will occur outside its * directory's i_mutex. Truncate can take a long time if there is a lot of * writeout happening, and we don't want to prevent access to the directory * while waiting on the I/O. */ long do_unlinkat(int dfd, struct filename *name) { int error; struct dentry *dentry; struct path path; struct qstr last; int type; struct inode *inode = NULL; struct inode *delegated_inode = NULL; unsigned int lookup_flags = 0; retry: name = filename_parentat(dfd, name, lookup_flags, &path, &last, &type); if (IS_ERR(name)) return PTR_ERR(name); error = -EISDIR; if (type != LAST_NORM) goto exit1; error = mnt_want_write(path.mnt); if (error) goto exit1; retry_deleg: inode_lock_nested(path.dentry->d_inode, I_MUTEX_PARENT); dentry = __lookup_hash(&last, path.dentry, lookup_flags); error = PTR_ERR(dentry); if (!IS_ERR(dentry)) { /* Why not before? Because we want correct error value */ if (last.name[last.len]) goto slashes; inode = dentry->d_inode; if (d_is_negative(dentry)) goto slashes; ihold(inode); error = security_path_unlink(&path, dentry); if (error) goto exit2; error = vfs_unlink(path.dentry->d_inode, dentry, &delegated_inode); exit2: dput(dentry); } inode_unlock(path.dentry->d_inode); if (inode) iput(inode); /* truncate the inode here */ inode = NULL; if (delegated_inode) { error = break_deleg_wait(&delegated_inode); if (!error) goto retry_deleg; } mnt_drop_write(path.mnt); exit1: path_put(&path); if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; inode = NULL; goto retry; } putname(name); return error; slashes: if (d_is_negative(dentry)) error = -ENOENT; else if (d_is_dir(dentry)) error = -EISDIR; else error = -ENOTDIR; goto exit2; } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(unlinkat, int, dfd, const char __user *, pathname, int, flag) { if ((flag & ~AT_REMOVEDIR) != 0) return -EINVAL; if (flag & AT_REMOVEDIR) return do_rmdir(dfd, getname(pathname)); return do_unlinkat(dfd, getname(pathname)); } SYSCALL_DEFINE1(unlink, const char __user *, pathname) { return do_unlinkat(AT_FDCWD, getname(pathname)); } int vfs_symlink(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, const char *oldname) { int error = may_create(dir, dentry); if (error) return error; if (!dir->i_op->symlink) return -EPERM; error = security_inode_symlink(dir, dentry, oldname); if (error) return error; error = dir->i_op->symlink(dir, dentry, oldname); if (!error) fsnotify_create(dir, dentry); return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_symlink); static long do_symlinkat(const char __user *oldname, int newdfd, const char __user *newname) { int error; struct filename *from; struct dentry *dentry; struct path path; unsigned int lookup_flags = 0; from = getname(oldname); if (IS_ERR(from)) return PTR_ERR(from); retry: dentry = user_path_create(newdfd, newname, &path, lookup_flags); error = PTR_ERR(dentry); if (IS_ERR(dentry)) goto out_putname; error = security_path_symlink(&path, dentry, from->name); if (!error) error = vfs_symlink(path.dentry->d_inode, dentry, from->name); done_path_create(&path, dentry); if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } out_putname: putname(from); return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(symlinkat, const char __user *, oldname, int, newdfd, const char __user *, newname) { return do_symlinkat(oldname, newdfd, newname); } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(symlink, const char __user *, oldname, const char __user *, newname) { return do_symlinkat(oldname, AT_FDCWD, newname); } /** * vfs_link - create a new link * @old_dentry: object to be linked * @dir: new parent * @new_dentry: where to create the new link * @delegated_inode: returns inode needing a delegation break * * The caller must hold dir->i_mutex * * If vfs_link discovers a delegation on the to-be-linked file in need * of breaking, it will return -EWOULDBLOCK and return a reference to the * inode in delegated_inode. The caller should then break the delegation * and retry. Because breaking a delegation may take a long time, the * caller should drop the i_mutex before doing so. * * Alternatively, a caller may pass NULL for delegated_inode. This may * be appropriate for callers that expect the underlying filesystem not * to be NFS exported. */ int vfs_link(struct dentry *old_dentry, struct inode *dir, struct dentry *new_dentry, struct inode **delegated_inode) { struct inode *inode = old_dentry->d_inode; unsigned max_links = dir->i_sb->s_max_links; int error; if (!inode) return -ENOENT; error = may_create(dir, new_dentry); if (error) return error; if (dir->i_sb != inode->i_sb) return -EXDEV; /* * A link to an append-only or immutable file cannot be created. */ if (IS_APPEND(inode) || IS_IMMUTABLE(inode)) return -EPERM; /* * Updating the link count will likely cause i_uid and i_gid to * be writen back improperly if their true value is unknown to * the vfs. */ if (HAS_UNMAPPED_ID(inode)) return -EPERM; if (!dir->i_op->link) return -EPERM; if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) return -EPERM; error = security_inode_link(old_dentry, dir, new_dentry); if (error) return error; inode_lock(inode); /* Make sure we don't allow creating hardlink to an unlinked file */ if (inode->i_nlink == 0 && !(inode->i_state & I_LINKABLE)) error = -ENOENT; else if (max_links && inode->i_nlink >= max_links) error = -EMLINK; else { error = try_break_deleg(inode, delegated_inode); if (!error) error = dir->i_op->link(old_dentry, dir, new_dentry); } if (!error && (inode->i_state & I_LINKABLE)) { spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); inode->i_state &= ~I_LINKABLE; spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } inode_unlock(inode); if (!error) fsnotify_link(dir, inode, new_dentry); return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_link); /* * Hardlinks are often used in delicate situations. We avoid * security-related surprises by not following symlinks on the * newname. --KAB * * We don't follow them on the oldname either to be compatible * with linux 2.0, and to avoid hard-linking to directories * and other special files. --ADM */ static int do_linkat(int olddfd, const char __user *oldname, int newdfd, const char __user *newname, int flags) { struct dentry *new_dentry; struct path old_path, new_path; struct inode *delegated_inode = NULL; int how = 0; int error; if ((flags & ~(AT_SYMLINK_FOLLOW | AT_EMPTY_PATH)) != 0) return -EINVAL; /* * To use null names we require CAP_DAC_READ_SEARCH * This ensures that not everyone will be able to create * handlink using the passed filedescriptor. */ if (flags & AT_EMPTY_PATH) { if (!capable(CAP_DAC_READ_SEARCH)) return -ENOENT; how = LOOKUP_EMPTY; } if (flags & AT_SYMLINK_FOLLOW) how |= LOOKUP_FOLLOW; retry: error = user_path_at(olddfd, oldname, how, &old_path); if (error) return error; new_dentry = user_path_create(newdfd, newname, &new_path, (how & LOOKUP_REVAL)); error = PTR_ERR(new_dentry); if (IS_ERR(new_dentry)) goto out; error = -EXDEV; if (old_path.mnt != new_path.mnt) goto out_dput; error = may_linkat(&old_path); if (unlikely(error)) goto out_dput; error = security_path_link(old_path.dentry, &new_path, new_dentry); if (error) goto out_dput; error = vfs_link(old_path.dentry, new_path.dentry->d_inode, new_dentry, &delegated_inode); out_dput: done_path_create(&new_path, new_dentry); if (delegated_inode) { error = break_deleg_wait(&delegated_inode); if (!error) { path_put(&old_path); goto retry; } } if (retry_estale(error, how)) { path_put(&old_path); how |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } out: path_put(&old_path); return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE5(linkat, int, olddfd, const char __user *, oldname, int, newdfd, const char __user *, newname, int, flags) { return do_linkat(olddfd, oldname, newdfd, newname, flags); } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(link, const char __user *, oldname, const char __user *, newname) { return do_linkat(AT_FDCWD, oldname, AT_FDCWD, newname, 0); } /** * vfs_rename - rename a filesystem object * @old_dir: parent of source * @old_dentry: source * @new_dir: parent of destination * @new_dentry: destination * @delegated_inode: returns an inode needing a delegation break * @flags: rename flags * * The caller must hold multiple mutexes--see lock_rename()). * * If vfs_rename discovers a delegation in need of breaking at either * the source or destination, it will return -EWOULDBLOCK and return a * reference to the inode in delegated_inode. The caller should then * break the delegation and retry. Because breaking a delegation may * take a long time, the caller should drop all locks before doing * so. * * Alternatively, a caller may pass NULL for delegated_inode. This may * be appropriate for callers that expect the underlying filesystem not * to be NFS exported. * * The worst of all namespace operations - renaming directory. "Perverted" * doesn't even start to describe it. Somebody in UCB had a heck of a trip... * Problems: * * a) we can get into loop creation. * b) race potential - two innocent renames can create a loop together. * That's where 4.4 screws up. Current fix: serialization on * sb->s_vfs_rename_mutex. We might be more accurate, but that's another * story. * c) we have to lock _four_ objects - parents and victim (if it exists), * and source (if it is not a directory). * And that - after we got ->i_mutex on parents (until then we don't know * whether the target exists). Solution: try to be smart with locking * order for inodes. We rely on the fact that tree topology may change * only under ->s_vfs_rename_mutex _and_ that parent of the object we * move will be locked. Thus we can rank directories by the tree * (ancestors first) and rank all non-directories after them. * That works since everybody except rename does "lock parent, lookup, * lock child" and rename is under ->s_vfs_rename_mutex. * HOWEVER, it relies on the assumption that any object with ->lookup() * has no more than 1 dentry. If "hybrid" objects will ever appear, * we'd better make sure that there's no link(2) for them. * d) conversion from fhandle to dentry may come in the wrong moment - when * we are removing the target. Solution: we will have to grab ->i_mutex * in the fhandle_to_dentry code. [FIXME - current nfsfh.c relies on * ->i_mutex on parents, which works but leads to some truly excessive * locking]. */ int vfs_rename(struct inode *old_dir, struct dentry *old_dentry, struct inode *new_dir, struct dentry *new_dentry, struct inode **delegated_inode, unsigned int flags) { int error; bool is_dir = d_is_dir(old_dentry); struct inode *source = old_dentry->d_inode; struct inode *target = new_dentry->d_inode; bool new_is_dir = false; unsigned max_links = new_dir->i_sb->s_max_links; struct name_snapshot old_name; if (source == target) return 0; error = may_delete(old_dir, old_dentry, is_dir); if (error) return error; if (!target) { error = may_create(new_dir, new_dentry); } else { new_is_dir = d_is_dir(new_dentry); if (!(flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE)) error = may_delete(new_dir, new_dentry, is_dir); else error = may_delete(new_dir, new_dentry, new_is_dir); } if (error) return error; if (!old_dir->i_op->rename) return -EPERM; /* * If we are going to change the parent - check write permissions, * we'll need to flip '..'. */ if (new_dir != old_dir) { if (is_dir) { error = inode_permission(source, MAY_WRITE); if (error) return error; } if ((flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE) && new_is_dir) { error = inode_permission(target, MAY_WRITE); if (error) return error; } } error = security_inode_rename(old_dir, old_dentry, new_dir, new_dentry, flags); if (error) return error; take_dentry_name_snapshot(&old_name, old_dentry); dget(new_dentry); if (!is_dir || (flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE)) lock_two_nondirectories(source, target); else if (target) inode_lock(target); error = -EBUSY; if (is_local_mountpoint(old_dentry) || is_local_mountpoint(new_dentry)) goto out; if (max_links && new_dir != old_dir) { error = -EMLINK; if (is_dir && !new_is_dir && new_dir->i_nlink >= max_links) goto out; if ((flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE) && !is_dir && new_is_dir && old_dir->i_nlink >= max_links) goto out; } if (!is_dir) { error = try_break_deleg(source, delegated_inode); if (error) goto out; } if (target && !new_is_dir) { error = try_break_deleg(target, delegated_inode); if (error) goto out; } error = old_dir->i_op->rename(old_dir, old_dentry, new_dir, new_dentry, flags); if (error) goto out; if (!(flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE) && target) { if (is_dir) { shrink_dcache_parent(new_dentry); target->i_flags |= S_DEAD; } dont_mount(new_dentry); detach_mounts(new_dentry); } if (!(old_dir->i_sb->s_type->fs_flags & FS_RENAME_DOES_D_MOVE)) { if (!(flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE)) d_move(old_dentry, new_dentry); else d_exchange(old_dentry, new_dentry); } out: if (!is_dir || (flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE)) unlock_two_nondirectories(source, target); else if (target) inode_unlock(target); dput(new_dentry); if (!error) { fsnotify_move(old_dir, new_dir, &old_name.name, is_dir, !(flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE) ? target : NULL, old_dentry); if (flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE) { fsnotify_move(new_dir, old_dir, &old_dentry->d_name, new_is_dir, NULL, new_dentry); } } release_dentry_name_snapshot(&old_name); return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_rename); static int do_renameat2(int olddfd, const char __user *oldname, int newdfd, const char __user *newname, unsigned int flags) { struct dentry *old_dentry, *new_dentry; struct dentry *trap; struct path old_path, new_path; struct qstr old_last, new_last; int old_type, new_type; struct inode *delegated_inode = NULL; struct filename *from; struct filename *to; unsigned int lookup_flags = 0, target_flags = LOOKUP_RENAME_TARGET; bool should_retry = false; int error; if (flags & ~(RENAME_NOREPLACE | RENAME_EXCHANGE | RENAME_WHITEOUT)) return -EINVAL; if ((flags & (RENAME_NOREPLACE | RENAME_WHITEOUT)) && (flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE)) return -EINVAL; if (flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE) target_flags = 0; retry: from = filename_parentat(olddfd, getname(oldname), lookup_flags, &old_path, &old_last, &old_type); if (IS_ERR(from)) { error = PTR_ERR(from); goto exit; } to = filename_parentat(newdfd, getname(newname), lookup_flags, &new_path, &new_last, &new_type); if (IS_ERR(to)) { error = PTR_ERR(to); goto exit1; } error = -EXDEV; if (old_path.mnt != new_path.mnt) goto exit2; error = -EBUSY; if (old_type != LAST_NORM) goto exit2; if (flags & RENAME_NOREPLACE) error = -EEXIST; if (new_type != LAST_NORM) goto exit2; error = mnt_want_write(old_path.mnt); if (error) goto exit2; retry_deleg: trap = lock_rename(new_path.dentry, old_path.dentry); old_dentry = __lookup_hash(&old_last, old_path.dentry, lookup_flags); error = PTR_ERR(old_dentry); if (IS_ERR(old_dentry)) goto exit3; /* source must exist */ error = -ENOENT; if (d_is_negative(old_dentry)) goto exit4; new_dentry = __lookup_hash(&new_last, new_path.dentry, lookup_flags | target_flags); error = PTR_ERR(new_dentry); if (IS_ERR(new_dentry)) goto exit4; error = -EEXIST; if ((flags & RENAME_NOREPLACE) && d_is_positive(new_dentry)) goto exit5; if (flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE) { error = -ENOENT; if (d_is_negative(new_dentry)) goto exit5; if (!d_is_dir(new_dentry)) { error = -ENOTDIR; if (new_last.name[new_last.len]) goto exit5; } } /* unless the source is a directory trailing slashes give -ENOTDIR */ if (!d_is_dir(old_dentry)) { error = -ENOTDIR; if (old_last.name[old_last.len]) goto exit5; if (!(flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE) && new_last.name[new_last.len]) goto exit5; } /* source should not be ancestor of target */ error = -EINVAL; if (old_dentry == trap) goto exit5; /* target should not be an ancestor of source */ if (!(flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE)) error = -ENOTEMPTY; if (new_dentry == trap) goto exit5; error = security_path_rename(&old_path, old_dentry, &new_path, new_dentry, flags); if (error) goto exit5; error = vfs_rename(old_path.dentry->d_inode, old_dentry, new_path.dentry->d_inode, new_dentry, &delegated_inode, flags); exit5: dput(new_dentry); exit4: dput(old_dentry); exit3: unlock_rename(new_path.dentry, old_path.dentry); if (delegated_inode) { error = break_deleg_wait(&delegated_inode); if (!error) goto retry_deleg; } mnt_drop_write(old_path.mnt); exit2: if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) should_retry = true; path_put(&new_path); putname(to); exit1: path_put(&old_path); putname(from); if (should_retry) { should_retry = false; lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } exit: return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE5(renameat2, int, olddfd, const char __user *, oldname, int, newdfd, const char __user *, newname, unsigned int, flags) { return do_renameat2(olddfd, oldname, newdfd, newname, flags); } SYSCALL_DEFINE4(renameat, int, olddfd, const char __user *, oldname, int, newdfd, const char __user *, newname) { return do_renameat2(olddfd, oldname, newdfd, newname, 0); } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(rename, const char __user *, oldname, const char __user *, newname) { return do_renameat2(AT_FDCWD, oldname, AT_FDCWD, newname, 0); } int readlink_copy(char __user *buffer, int buflen, const char *link) { int len = PTR_ERR(link); if (IS_ERR(link)) goto out; len = strlen(link); if (len > (unsigned) buflen) len = buflen; if (copy_to_user(buffer, link, len)) len = -EFAULT; out: return len; } /** * vfs_readlink - copy symlink body into userspace buffer * @dentry: dentry on which to get symbolic link * @buffer: user memory pointer * @buflen: size of buffer * * Does not touch atime. That's up to the caller if necessary * * Does not call security hook. */ int vfs_readlink(struct dentry *dentry, char __user *buffer, int buflen) { struct inode *inode = d_inode(dentry); DEFINE_DELAYED_CALL(done); const char *link; int res; if (unlikely(!(inode->i_opflags & IOP_DEFAULT_READLINK))) { if (unlikely(inode->i_op->readlink)) return inode->i_op->readlink(dentry, buffer, buflen); if (!d_is_symlink(dentry)) return -EINVAL; spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); inode->i_opflags |= IOP_DEFAULT_READLINK; spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } link = READ_ONCE(inode->i_link); if (!link) { link = inode->i_op->get_link(dentry, inode, &done); if (IS_ERR(link)) return PTR_ERR(link); } res = readlink_copy(buffer, buflen, link); do_delayed_call(&done); return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_readlink); /** * vfs_get_link - get symlink body * @dentry: dentry on which to get symbolic link * @done: caller needs to free returned data with this * * Calls security hook and i_op->get_link() on the supplied inode. * * It does not touch atime. That's up to the caller if necessary. * * Does not work on "special" symlinks like /proc/$$/fd/N */ const char *vfs_get_link(struct dentry *dentry, struct delayed_call *done) { const char *res = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); struct inode *inode = d_inode(dentry); if (d_is_symlink(dentry)) { res = ERR_PTR(security_inode_readlink(dentry)); if (!res) res = inode->i_op->get_link(dentry, inode, done); } return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_get_link); /* get the link contents into pagecache */ const char *page_get_link(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode, struct delayed_call *callback) { char *kaddr; struct page *page; struct address_space *mapping = inode->i_mapping; if (!dentry) { page = find_get_page(mapping, 0); if (!page) return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); if (!PageUptodate(page)) { put_page(page); return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD); } } else { page = read_mapping_page(mapping, 0, NULL); if (IS_ERR(page)) return (char*)page; } set_delayed_call(callback, page_put_link, page); BUG_ON(mapping_gfp_mask(mapping) & __GFP_HIGHMEM); kaddr = page_address(page); nd_terminate_link(kaddr, inode->i_size, PAGE_SIZE - 1); return kaddr; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(page_get_link); void page_put_link(void *arg) { put_page(arg); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(page_put_link); int page_readlink(struct dentry *dentry, char __user *buffer, int buflen) { DEFINE_DELAYED_CALL(done); int res = readlink_copy(buffer, buflen, page_get_link(dentry, d_inode(dentry), &done)); do_delayed_call(&done); return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(page_readlink); /* * The nofs argument instructs pagecache_write_begin to pass AOP_FLAG_NOFS */ int __page_symlink(struct inode *inode, const char *symname, int len, int nofs) { struct address_space *mapping = inode->i_mapping; struct page *page; void *fsdata; int err; unsigned int flags = 0; if (nofs) flags |= AOP_FLAG_NOFS; retry: err = pagecache_write_begin(NULL, mapping, 0, len-1, flags, &page, &fsdata); if (err) goto fail; memcpy(page_address(page), symname, len-1); err = pagecache_write_end(NULL, mapping, 0, len-1, len-1, page, fsdata); if (err < 0) goto fail; if (err < len-1) goto retry; mark_inode_dirty(inode); return 0; fail: return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__page_symlink); int page_symlink(struct inode *inode, const char *symname, int len) { return __page_symlink(inode, symname, len, !mapping_gfp_constraint(inode->i_mapping, __GFP_FS)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(page_symlink); const struct inode_operations page_symlink_inode_operations = { .get_link = page_get_link, }; EXPORT_SYMBOL(page_symlink_inode_operations);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Events for filesystem locks * * Copyright 2013 Jeff Layton <jlayton@poochiereds.net> */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM filelock #if !defined(_TRACE_FILELOCK_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_FILELOCK_H #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/device.h> #include <linux/kdev_t.h> #define show_fl_flags(val) \ __print_flags(val, "|", \ { FL_POSIX, "FL_POSIX" }, \ { FL_FLOCK, "FL_FLOCK" }, \ { FL_DELEG, "FL_DELEG" }, \ { FL_ACCESS, "FL_ACCESS" }, \ { FL_EXISTS, "FL_EXISTS" }, \ { FL_LEASE, "FL_LEASE" }, \ { FL_CLOSE, "FL_CLOSE" }, \ { FL_SLEEP, "FL_SLEEP" }, \ { FL_DOWNGRADE_PENDING, "FL_DOWNGRADE_PENDING" }, \ { FL_UNLOCK_PENDING, "FL_UNLOCK_PENDING" }, \ { FL_OFDLCK, "FL_OFDLCK" }) #define show_fl_type(val) \ __print_symbolic(val, \ { F_RDLCK, "F_RDLCK" }, \ { F_WRLCK, "F_WRLCK" }, \ { F_UNLCK, "F_UNLCK" }) TRACE_EVENT(locks_get_lock_context, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, int type, struct file_lock_context *ctx), TP_ARGS(inode, type, ctx), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned long, i_ino) __field(dev_t, s_dev) __field(unsigned char, type) __field(struct file_lock_context *, ctx) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->s_dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->i_ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->type = type; __entry->ctx = ctx; ), TP_printk("dev=0x%x:0x%x ino=0x%lx type=%s ctx=%p", MAJOR(__entry->s_dev), MINOR(__entry->s_dev), __entry->i_ino, show_fl_type(__entry->type), __entry->ctx) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(filelock_lock, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *fl, int ret), TP_ARGS(inode, fl, ret), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(struct file_lock *, fl) __field(unsigned long, i_ino) __field(dev_t, s_dev) __field(struct file_lock *, fl_blocker) __field(fl_owner_t, fl_owner) __field(unsigned int, fl_pid) __field(unsigned int, fl_flags) __field(unsigned char, fl_type) __field(loff_t, fl_start) __field(loff_t, fl_end) __field(int, ret) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->fl = fl ? fl : NULL; __entry->s_dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->i_ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->fl_blocker = fl ? fl->fl_blocker : NULL; __entry->fl_owner = fl ? fl->fl_owner : NULL; __entry->fl_pid = fl ? fl->fl_pid : 0; __entry->fl_flags = fl ? fl->fl_flags : 0; __entry->fl_type = fl ? fl->fl_type : 0; __entry->fl_start = fl ? fl->fl_start : 0; __entry->fl_end = fl ? fl->fl_end : 0; __entry->ret = ret; ), TP_printk("fl=%p dev=0x%x:0x%x ino=0x%lx fl_blocker=%p fl_owner=%p fl_pid=%u fl_flags=%s fl_type=%s fl_start=%lld fl_end=%lld ret=%d", __entry->fl, MAJOR(__entry->s_dev), MINOR(__entry->s_dev), __entry->i_ino, __entry->fl_blocker, __entry->fl_owner, __entry->fl_pid, show_fl_flags(__entry->fl_flags), show_fl_type(__entry->fl_type), __entry->fl_start, __entry->fl_end, __entry->ret) ); DEFINE_EVENT(filelock_lock, posix_lock_inode, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *fl, int ret), TP_ARGS(inode, fl, ret)); DEFINE_EVENT(filelock_lock, fcntl_setlk, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *fl, int ret), TP_ARGS(inode, fl, ret)); DEFINE_EVENT(filelock_lock, locks_remove_posix, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *fl, int ret), TP_ARGS(inode, fl, ret)); DEFINE_EVENT(filelock_lock, flock_lock_inode, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *fl, int ret), TP_ARGS(inode, fl, ret)); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(filelock_lease, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *fl), TP_ARGS(inode, fl), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(struct file_lock *, fl) __field(unsigned long, i_ino) __field(dev_t, s_dev) __field(struct file_lock *, fl_blocker) __field(fl_owner_t, fl_owner) __field(unsigned int, fl_flags) __field(unsigned char, fl_type) __field(unsigned long, fl_break_time) __field(unsigned long, fl_downgrade_time) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->fl = fl ? fl : NULL; __entry->s_dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->i_ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->fl_blocker = fl ? fl->fl_blocker : NULL; __entry->fl_owner = fl ? fl->fl_owner : NULL; __entry->fl_flags = fl ? fl->fl_flags : 0; __entry->fl_type = fl ? fl->fl_type : 0; __entry->fl_break_time = fl ? fl->fl_break_time : 0; __entry->fl_downgrade_time = fl ? fl->fl_downgrade_time : 0; ), TP_printk("fl=%p dev=0x%x:0x%x ino=0x%lx fl_blocker=%p fl_owner=%p fl_flags=%s fl_type=%s fl_break_time=%lu fl_downgrade_time=%lu", __entry->fl, MAJOR(__entry->s_dev), MINOR(__entry->s_dev), __entry->i_ino, __entry->fl_blocker, __entry->fl_owner, show_fl_flags(__entry->fl_flags), show_fl_type(__entry->fl_type), __entry->fl_break_time, __entry->fl_downgrade_time) ); DEFINE_EVENT(filelock_lease, break_lease_noblock, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *fl), TP_ARGS(inode, fl)); DEFINE_EVENT(filelock_lease, break_lease_block, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *fl), TP_ARGS(inode, fl)); DEFINE_EVENT(filelock_lease, break_lease_unblock, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *fl), TP_ARGS(inode, fl)); DEFINE_EVENT(filelock_lease, generic_delete_lease, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *fl), TP_ARGS(inode, fl)); DEFINE_EVENT(filelock_lease, time_out_leases, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *fl), TP_ARGS(inode, fl)); TRACE_EVENT(generic_add_lease, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *fl), TP_ARGS(inode, fl), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned long, i_ino) __field(int, wcount) __field(int, rcount) __field(int, icount) __field(dev_t, s_dev) __field(fl_owner_t, fl_owner) __field(unsigned int, fl_flags) __field(unsigned char, fl_type) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->s_dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->i_ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->wcount = atomic_read(&inode->i_writecount); __entry->rcount = atomic_read(&inode->i_readcount); __entry->icount = atomic_read(&inode->i_count); __entry->fl_owner = fl->fl_owner; __entry->fl_flags = fl->fl_flags; __entry->fl_type = fl->fl_type; ), TP_printk("dev=0x%x:0x%x ino=0x%lx wcount=%d rcount=%d icount=%d fl_owner=%p fl_flags=%s fl_type=%s", MAJOR(__entry->s_dev), MINOR(__entry->s_dev), __entry->i_ino, __entry->wcount, __entry->rcount, __entry->icount, __entry->fl_owner, show_fl_flags(__entry->fl_flags), show_fl_type(__entry->fl_type)) ); TRACE_EVENT(leases_conflict, TP_PROTO(bool conflict, struct file_lock *lease, struct file_lock *breaker), TP_ARGS(conflict, lease, breaker), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(void *, lease) __field(void *, breaker) __field(unsigned int, l_fl_flags) __field(unsigned int, b_fl_flags) __field(unsigned char, l_fl_type) __field(unsigned char, b_fl_type) __field(bool, conflict) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->lease = lease; __entry->l_fl_flags = lease->fl_flags; __entry->l_fl_type = lease->fl_type; __entry->breaker = breaker; __entry->b_fl_flags = breaker->fl_flags; __entry->b_fl_type = breaker->fl_type; __entry->conflict = conflict; ), TP_printk("conflict %d: lease=%p fl_flags=%s fl_type=%s; breaker=%p fl_flags=%s fl_type=%s", __entry->conflict, __entry->lease, show_fl_flags(__entry->l_fl_flags), show_fl_type(__entry->l_fl_type), __entry->breaker, show_fl_flags(__entry->b_fl_flags), show_fl_type(__entry->b_fl_type)) ); #endif /* _TRACE_FILELOCK_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_TIMENS_H #define _LINUX_TIMENS_H #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/kref.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> #include <linux/ns_common.h> #include <linux/err.h> struct user_namespace; extern struct user_namespace init_user_ns; struct timens_offsets { struct timespec64 monotonic; struct timespec64 boottime; }; struct time_namespace { struct kref kref; struct user_namespace *user_ns; struct ucounts *ucounts; struct ns_common ns; struct timens_offsets offsets; struct page *vvar_page; /* If set prevents changing offsets after any task joined namespace. */ bool frozen_offsets; } __randomize_layout; extern struct time_namespace init_time_ns; #ifdef CONFIG_TIME_NS extern int vdso_join_timens(struct task_struct *task, struct time_namespace *ns); extern void timens_commit(struct task_struct *tsk, struct time_namespace *ns); static inline struct time_namespace *get_time_ns(struct time_namespace *ns) { kref_get(&ns->kref); return ns; } struct time_namespace *copy_time_ns(unsigned long flags, struct user_namespace *user_ns, struct time_namespace *old_ns); void free_time_ns(struct kref *kref); int timens_on_fork(struct nsproxy *nsproxy, struct task_struct *tsk); struct vdso_data *arch_get_vdso_data(void *vvar_page); static inline void put_time_ns(struct time_namespace *ns) { kref_put(&ns->kref, free_time_ns); } void proc_timens_show_offsets(struct task_struct *p, struct seq_file *m); struct proc_timens_offset { int clockid; struct timespec64 val; }; int proc_timens_set_offset(struct file *file, struct task_struct *p, struct proc_timens_offset *offsets, int n); static inline void timens_add_monotonic(struct timespec64 *ts) { struct timens_offsets *ns_offsets = &current->nsproxy->time_ns->offsets; *ts = timespec64_add(*ts, ns_offsets->monotonic); } static inline void timens_add_boottime(struct timespec64 *ts) { struct timens_offsets *ns_offsets = &current->nsproxy->time_ns->offsets; *ts = timespec64_add(*ts, ns_offsets->boottime); } ktime_t do_timens_ktime_to_host(clockid_t clockid, ktime_t tim, struct timens_offsets *offsets); static inline ktime_t timens_ktime_to_host(clockid_t clockid, ktime_t tim) { struct time_namespace *ns = current->nsproxy->time_ns; if (likely(ns == &init_time_ns)) return tim; return do_timens_ktime_to_host(clockid, tim, &ns->offsets); } #else static inline int vdso_join_timens(struct task_struct *task, struct time_namespace *ns) { return 0; } static inline void timens_commit(struct task_struct *tsk, struct time_namespace *ns) { } static inline struct time_namespace *get_time_ns(struct time_namespace *ns) { return NULL; } static inline void put_time_ns(struct time_namespace *ns) { } static inline struct time_namespace *copy_time_ns(unsigned long flags, struct user_namespace *user_ns, struct time_namespace *old_ns) { if (flags & CLONE_NEWTIME) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); return old_ns; } static inline int timens_on_fork(struct nsproxy *nsproxy, struct task_struct *tsk) { return 0; } static inline void timens_add_monotonic(struct timespec64 *ts) { } static inline void timens_add_boottime(struct timespec64 *ts) { } static inline ktime_t timens_ktime_to_host(clockid_t clockid, ktime_t tim) { return tim; } #endif #endif /* _LINUX_TIMENS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* include/net/dsfield.h - Manipulation of the Differentiated Services field */ /* Written 1998-2000 by Werner Almesberger, EPFL ICA */ #ifndef __NET_DSFIELD_H #define __NET_DSFIELD_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/ip.h> #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <asm/byteorder.h> static inline __u8 ipv4_get_dsfield(const struct iphdr *iph) { return iph->tos; } static inline __u8 ipv6_get_dsfield(const struct ipv6hdr *ipv6h) { return ntohs(*(__force const __be16 *)ipv6h) >> 4; } static inline void ipv4_change_dsfield(struct iphdr *iph,__u8 mask, __u8 value) { __u32 check = ntohs((__force __be16)iph->check); __u8 dsfield; dsfield = (iph->tos & mask) | value; check += iph->tos; if ((check+1) >> 16) check = (check+1) & 0xffff; check -= dsfield; check += check >> 16; /* adjust carry */ iph->check = (__force __sum16)htons(check); iph->tos = dsfield; } static inline void ipv6_change_dsfield(struct ipv6hdr *ipv6h,__u8 mask, __u8 value) { __be16 *p = (__force __be16 *)ipv6h; *p = (*p & htons((((u16)mask << 4) | 0xf00f))) | htons((u16)value << 4); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _NET_DST_OPS_H #define _NET_DST_OPS_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/percpu_counter.h> #include <linux/cache.h> struct dst_entry; struct kmem_cachep; struct net_device; struct sk_buff; struct sock; struct net; struct dst_ops { unsigned short family; unsigned int gc_thresh; int (*gc)(struct dst_ops *ops); struct dst_entry * (*check)(struct dst_entry *, __u32 cookie); unsigned int (*default_advmss)(const struct dst_entry *); unsigned int (*mtu)(const struct dst_entry *); u32 * (*cow_metrics)(struct dst_entry *, unsigned long); void (*destroy)(struct dst_entry *); void (*ifdown)(struct dst_entry *, struct net_device *dev, int how); struct dst_entry * (*negative_advice)(struct dst_entry *); void (*link_failure)(struct sk_buff *); void (*update_pmtu)(struct dst_entry *dst, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 mtu, bool confirm_neigh); void (*redirect)(struct dst_entry *dst, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int (*local_out)(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); struct neighbour * (*neigh_lookup)(const struct dst_entry *dst, struct sk_buff *skb, const void *daddr); void (*confirm_neigh)(const struct dst_entry *dst, const void *daddr); struct kmem_cache *kmem_cachep; struct percpu_counter pcpuc_entries ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; }; static inline int dst_entries_get_fast(struct dst_ops *dst) { return percpu_counter_read_positive(&dst->pcpuc_entries); } static inline int dst_entries_get_slow(struct dst_ops *dst) { return percpu_counter_sum_positive(&dst->pcpuc_entries); } #define DST_PERCPU_COUNTER_BATCH 32 static inline void dst_entries_add(struct dst_ops *dst, int val) { percpu_counter_add_batch(&dst->pcpuc_entries, val, DST_PERCPU_COUNTER_BATCH); } static inline int dst_entries_init(struct dst_ops *dst) { return percpu_counter_init(&dst->pcpuc_entries, 0, GFP_KERNEL); } static inline void dst_entries_destroy(struct dst_ops *dst) { percpu_counter_destroy(&dst->pcpuc_entries); } #endif
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/errseq.h> /* * An errseq_t is a way of recording errors in one place, and allowing any * number of "subscribers" to tell whether it has changed since a previous * point where it was sampled. * * It's implemented as an unsigned 32-bit value. The low order bits are * designated to hold an error code (between 0 and -MAX_ERRNO). The upper bits * are used as a counter. This is done with atomics instead of locking so that * these functions can be called from any context. * * The general idea is for consumers to sample an errseq_t value. That value * can later be used to tell whether any new errors have occurred since that * sampling was done. * * Note that there is a risk of collisions if new errors are being recorded * frequently, since we have so few bits to use as a counter. * * To mitigate this, one bit is used as a flag to tell whether the value has * been sampled since a new value was recorded. That allows us to avoid bumping * the counter if no one has sampled it since the last time an error was * recorded. * * A new errseq_t should always be zeroed out. A errseq_t value of all zeroes * is the special (but common) case where there has never been an error. An all * zero value thus serves as the "epoch" if one wishes to know whether there * has ever been an error set since it was first initialized. */ /* The low bits are designated for error code (max of MAX_ERRNO) */ #define ERRSEQ_SHIFT ilog2(MAX_ERRNO + 1) /* This bit is used as a flag to indicate whether the value has been seen */ #define ERRSEQ_SEEN (1 << ERRSEQ_SHIFT) /* The lowest bit of the counter */ #define ERRSEQ_CTR_INC (1 << (ERRSEQ_SHIFT + 1)) /** * errseq_set - set a errseq_t for later reporting * @eseq: errseq_t field that should be set * @err: error to set (must be between -1 and -MAX_ERRNO) * * This function sets the error in @eseq, and increments the sequence counter * if the last sequence was sampled at some point in the past. * * Any error set will always overwrite an existing error. * * Return: The previous value, primarily for debugging purposes. The * return value should not be used as a previously sampled value in later * calls as it will not have the SEEN flag set. */ errseq_t errseq_set(errseq_t *eseq, int err) { errseq_t cur, old; /* MAX_ERRNO must be able to serve as a mask */ BUILD_BUG_ON_NOT_POWER_OF_2(MAX_ERRNO + 1); /* * Ensure the error code actually fits where we want it to go. If it * doesn't then just throw a warning and don't record anything. We * also don't accept zero here as that would effectively clear a * previous error. */ old = READ_ONCE(*eseq); if (WARN(unlikely(err == 0 || (unsigned int)-err > MAX_ERRNO), "err = %d\n", err)) return old; for (;;) { errseq_t new; /* Clear out error bits and set new error */ new = (old & ~(MAX_ERRNO|ERRSEQ_SEEN)) | -err; /* Only increment if someone has looked at it */ if (old & ERRSEQ_SEEN) new += ERRSEQ_CTR_INC; /* If there would be no change, then call it done */ if (new == old) { cur = new; break; } /* Try to swap the new value into place */ cur = cmpxchg(eseq, old, new); /* * Call it success if we did the swap or someone else beat us * to it for the same value. */ if (likely(cur == old || cur == new)) break; /* Raced with an update, try again */ old = cur; } return cur; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(errseq_set); /** * errseq_sample() - Grab current errseq_t value. * @eseq: Pointer to errseq_t to be sampled. * * This function allows callers to initialise their errseq_t variable. * If the error has been "seen", new callers will not see an old error. * If there is an unseen error in @eseq, the caller of this function will * see it the next time it checks for an error. * * Context: Any context. * Return: The current errseq value. */ errseq_t errseq_sample(errseq_t *eseq) { errseq_t old = READ_ONCE(*eseq); /* If nobody has seen this error yet, then we can be the first. */ if (!(old & ERRSEQ_SEEN)) old = 0; return old; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(errseq_sample); /** * errseq_check() - Has an error occurred since a particular sample point? * @eseq: Pointer to errseq_t value to be checked. * @since: Previously-sampled errseq_t from which to check. * * Grab the value that eseq points to, and see if it has changed @since * the given value was sampled. The @since value is not advanced, so there * is no need to mark the value as seen. * * Return: The latest error set in the errseq_t or 0 if it hasn't changed. */ int errseq_check(errseq_t *eseq, errseq_t since) { errseq_t cur = READ_ONCE(*eseq); if (likely(cur == since)) return 0; return -(cur & MAX_ERRNO); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(errseq_check); /** * errseq_check_and_advance() - Check an errseq_t and advance to current value. * @eseq: Pointer to value being checked and reported. * @since: Pointer to previously-sampled errseq_t to check against and advance. * * Grab the eseq value, and see whether it matches the value that @since * points to. If it does, then just return 0. * * If it doesn't, then the value has changed. Set the "seen" flag, and try to * swap it into place as the new eseq value. Then, set that value as the new * "since" value, and return whatever the error portion is set to. * * Note that no locking is provided here for concurrent updates to the "since" * value. The caller must provide that if necessary. Because of this, callers * may want to do a lockless errseq_check before taking the lock and calling * this. * * Return: Negative errno if one has been stored, or 0 if no new error has * occurred. */ int errseq_check_and_advance(errseq_t *eseq, errseq_t *since) { int err = 0; errseq_t old, new; /* * Most callers will want to use the inline wrapper to check this, * so that the common case of no error is handled without needing * to take the lock that protects the "since" value. */ old = READ_ONCE(*eseq); if (old != *since) { /* * Set the flag and try to swap it into place if it has * changed. * * We don't care about the outcome of the swap here. If the * swap doesn't occur, then it has either been updated by a * writer who is altering the value in some way (updating * counter or resetting the error), or another reader who is * just setting the "seen" flag. Either outcome is OK, and we * can advance "since" and return an error based on what we * have. */ new = old | ERRSEQ_SEEN; if (new != old) cmpxchg(eseq, old, new); *since = new; err = -(new & MAX_ERRNO); } return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(errseq_check_and_advance);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * generic net pointers */ #ifndef __NET_GENERIC_H__ #define __NET_GENERIC_H__ #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> /* * Generic net pointers are to be used by modules to put some private * stuff on the struct net without explicit struct net modification * * The rules are simple: * 1. set pernet_operations->id. After register_pernet_device you * will have the id of your private pointer. * 2. set pernet_operations->size to have the code allocate and free * a private structure pointed to from struct net. * 3. do not change this pointer while the net is alive; * 4. do not try to have any private reference on the net_generic object. * * After accomplishing all of the above, the private pointer can be * accessed with the net_generic() call. */ struct net_generic { union { struct { unsigned int len; struct rcu_head rcu; } s; void *ptr[0]; }; }; static inline void *net_generic(const struct net *net, unsigned int id) { struct net_generic *ng; void *ptr; rcu_read_lock(); ng = rcu_dereference(net->gen); ptr = ng->ptr[id]; rcu_read_unlock(); return ptr; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM printk #if !defined(_TRACE_PRINTK_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_PRINTK_H #include <linux/tracepoint.h> TRACE_EVENT(console, TP_PROTO(const char *text, size_t len), TP_ARGS(text, len), TP_STRUCT__entry( __dynamic_array(char, msg, len + 1) ), TP_fast_assign( /* * Each trace entry is printed in a new line. * If the msg finishes with '\n', cut it off * to avoid blank lines in the trace. */ if ((len > 0) && (text[len-1] == '\n')) len -= 1; memcpy(__get_str(msg), text, len); __get_str(msg)[len] = 0; ), TP_printk("%s", __get_str(msg)) ); #endif /* _TRACE_PRINTK_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Authors: Thiébaud Weksteen <tweek@google.com> * Peter Enderborg <Peter.Enderborg@sony.com> */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM avc #if !defined(_TRACE_SELINUX_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_SELINUX_H #include <linux/tracepoint.h> TRACE_EVENT(selinux_audited, TP_PROTO(struct selinux_audit_data *sad, char *scontext, char *tcontext, const char *tclass ), TP_ARGS(sad, scontext, tcontext, tclass), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(u32, requested) __field(u32, denied) __field(u32, audited) __field(int, result) __string(scontext, scontext) __string(tcontext, tcontext) __string(tclass, tclass) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->requested = sad->requested; __entry->denied = sad->denied; __entry->audited = sad->audited; __entry->result = sad->result; __assign_str(tcontext, tcontext); __assign_str(scontext, scontext); __assign_str(tclass, tclass); ), TP_printk("requested=0x%x denied=0x%x audited=0x%x result=%d scontext=%s tcontext=%s tclass=%s", __entry->requested, __entry->denied, __entry->audited, __entry->result, __get_str(scontext), __get_str(tcontext), __get_str(tclass) ) ); #endif /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
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1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 1242 1243 1244 1245 1246 1247 1248 1249 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 1260 1261 1262 1263 1264 1265 1266 1267 1268 1269 1270 1271 1272 1273 1274 1275 1276 1277 1278 1279 1280 1281 1282 1283 1284 1285 1286 1287 1288 1289 1290 1291 1292 1293 1294 1295 1296 1297 1298 1299 1300 1301 1302 1303 1304 1305 1306 1307 1308 1309 1310 1311 1312 1313 1314 1315 1316 1317 1318 1319 1320 1321 1322 1323 1324 1325 1326 1327 1328 1329 1330 1331 1332 1333 1334 1335 1336 1337 1338 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __NET_SCHED_GENERIC_H #define __NET_SCHED_GENERIC_H #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/pkt_sched.h> #include <linux/pkt_cls.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/dynamic_queue_limits.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/hashtable.h> #include <net/gen_stats.h> #include <net/rtnetlink.h> #include <net/flow_offload.h> struct Qdisc_ops; struct qdisc_walker; struct tcf_walker; struct module; struct bpf_flow_keys; struct qdisc_rate_table { struct tc_ratespec rate; u32 data[256]; struct qdisc_rate_table *next; int refcnt; }; enum qdisc_state_t { __QDISC_STATE_SCHED, __QDISC_STATE_DEACTIVATED, __QDISC_STATE_MISSED, }; struct qdisc_size_table { struct rcu_head rcu; struct list_head list; struct tc_sizespec szopts; int refcnt; u16 data[]; }; /* similar to sk_buff_head, but skb->prev pointer is undefined. */ struct qdisc_skb_head { struct sk_buff *head; struct sk_buff *tail; __u32 qlen; spinlock_t lock; }; struct Qdisc { int (*enqueue)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff **to_free); struct sk_buff * (*dequeue)(struct Qdisc *sch); unsigned int flags; #define TCQ_F_BUILTIN 1 #define TCQ_F_INGRESS 2 #define TCQ_F_CAN_BYPASS 4 #define TCQ_F_MQROOT 8 #define TCQ_F_ONETXQUEUE 0x10 /* dequeue_skb() can assume all skbs are for * q->dev_queue : It can test * netif_xmit_frozen_or_stopped() before * dequeueing next packet. * Its true for MQ/MQPRIO slaves, or non * multiqueue device. */ #define TCQ_F_WARN_NONWC (1 << 16) #define TCQ_F_CPUSTATS 0x20 /* run using percpu statistics */ #define TCQ_F_NOPARENT 0x40 /* root of its hierarchy : * qdisc_tree_decrease_qlen() should stop. */ #define TCQ_F_INVISIBLE 0x80 /* invisible by default in dump */ #define TCQ_F_NOLOCK 0x100 /* qdisc does not require locking */ #define TCQ_F_OFFLOADED 0x200 /* qdisc is offloaded to HW */ u32 limit; const struct Qdisc_ops *ops; struct qdisc_size_table __rcu *stab; struct hlist_node hash; u32 handle; u32 parent; struct netdev_queue *dev_queue; struct net_rate_estimator __rcu *rate_est; struct gnet_stats_basic_cpu __percpu *cpu_bstats; struct gnet_stats_queue __percpu *cpu_qstats; int pad; refcount_t refcnt;