1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ #ifndef _LINUX_IO_URING_H #define _LINUX_IO_URING_H #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/xarray.h> struct io_identity { struct files_struct *files; struct mm_struct *mm; #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP struct cgroup_subsys_state *blkcg_css; #endif const struct cred *creds; struct nsproxy *nsproxy; struct fs_struct *fs; unsigned long fsize; #ifdef CONFIG_AUDIT kuid_t loginuid; unsigned int sessionid; #endif refcount_t count; }; struct io_uring_task { /* submission side */ struct xarray xa; struct wait_queue_head wait; struct file *last; struct percpu_counter inflight; struct io_identity __identity; struct io_identity *identity; atomic_t in_idle; bool sqpoll; }; #if defined(CONFIG_IO_URING) struct sock *io_uring_get_socket(struct file *file); void __io_uring_task_cancel(void); void __io_uring_files_cancel(struct files_struct *files); void __io_uring_free(struct task_struct *tsk); static inline void io_uring_task_cancel(void) { if (current->io_uring && !xa_empty(&current->io_uring->xa)) __io_uring_task_cancel(); } static inline void io_uring_files_cancel(struct files_struct *files) { if (current->io_uring && !xa_empty(&current->io_uring->xa)) __io_uring_files_cancel(files); } static inline void io_uring_free(struct task_struct *tsk) { if (tsk->io_uring) __io_uring_free(tsk); } #else static inline struct sock *io_uring_get_socket(struct file *file) { return NULL; } static inline void io_uring_task_cancel(void) { } static inline void io_uring_files_cancel(struct files_struct *files) { } static inline void io_uring_free(struct task_struct *tsk) { } #endif #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_CPUTIME_H #define _LINUX_SCHED_CPUTIME_H #include <linux/sched/signal.h> /* * cputime accounting APIs: */ #ifdef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE #include <asm/cputime.h> #ifndef cputime_to_nsecs # define cputime_to_nsecs(__ct) \ (cputime_to_usecs(__ct) * NSEC_PER_USEC) #endif #endif /* CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE */ #ifdef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_GEN extern void task_cputime(struct task_struct *t, u64 *utime, u64 *stime); extern u64 task_gtime(struct task_struct *t); #else static inline void task_cputime(struct task_struct *t, u64 *utime, u64 *stime) { *utime = t->utime; *stime = t->stime; } static inline u64 task_gtime(struct task_struct *t) { return t->gtime; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SCALED_CPUTIME static inline void task_cputime_scaled(struct task_struct *t, u64 *utimescaled, u64 *stimescaled) { *utimescaled = t->utimescaled; *stimescaled = t->stimescaled; } #else static inline void task_cputime_scaled(struct task_struct *t, u64 *utimescaled, u64 *stimescaled) { task_cputime(t, utimescaled, stimescaled); } #endif extern void task_cputime_adjusted(struct task_struct *p, u64 *ut, u64 *st); extern void thread_group_cputime_adjusted(struct task_struct *p, u64 *ut, u64 *st); extern void cputime_adjust(struct task_cputime *curr, struct prev_cputime *prev, u64 *ut, u64 *st); /* * Thread group CPU time accounting. */ void thread_group_cputime(struct task_struct *tsk, struct task_cputime *times); void thread_group_sample_cputime(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 *samples); /* * The following are functions that support scheduler-internal time accounting. * These functions are generally called at the timer tick. None of this depends * on CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS. */ /** * get_running_cputimer - return &tsk->signal->cputimer if cputimers are active * * @tsk: Pointer to target task. */ #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS static inline struct thread_group_cputimer *get_running_cputimer(struct task_struct *tsk) { struct thread_group_cputimer *cputimer = &tsk->signal->cputimer; /* * Check whether posix CPU timers are active. If not the thread * group accounting is not active either. Lockless check. */ if (!READ_ONCE(tsk->signal->posix_cputimers.timers_active)) return NULL; /* * After we flush the task's sum_exec_runtime to sig->sum_sched_runtime * in __exit_signal(), we won't account to the signal struct further * cputime consumed by that task, even though the task can still be * ticking after __exit_signal(). * * In order to keep a consistent behaviour between thread group cputime * and thread group cputimer accounting, lets also ignore the cputime * elapsing after __exit_signal() in any thread group timer running. * * This makes sure that POSIX CPU clocks and timers are synchronized, so * that a POSIX CPU timer won't expire while the corresponding POSIX CPU * clock delta is behind the expiring timer value. */ if (unlikely(!tsk->sighand)) return NULL; return cputimer; } #else static inline struct thread_group_cputimer *get_running_cputimer(struct task_struct *tsk) { return NULL; } #endif /** * account_group_user_time - Maintain utime for a thread group. * * @tsk: Pointer to task structure. * @cputime: Time value by which to increment the utime field of the * thread_group_cputime structure. * * If thread group time is being maintained, get the structure for the * running CPU and update the utime field there. */ static inline void account_group_user_time(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 cputime) { struct thread_group_cputimer *cputimer = get_running_cputimer(tsk); if (!cputimer) return; atomic64_add(cputime, &cputimer->cputime_atomic.utime); } /** * account_group_system_time - Maintain stime for a thread group. * * @tsk: Pointer to task structure. * @cputime: Time value by which to increment the stime field of the * thread_group_cputime structure. * * If thread group time is being maintained, get the structure for the * running CPU and update the stime field there. */ static inline void account_group_system_time(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 cputime) { struct thread_group_cputimer *cputimer = get_running_cputimer(tsk); if (!cputimer) return; atomic64_add(cputime, &cputimer->cputime_atomic.stime); } /** * account_group_exec_runtime - Maintain exec runtime for a thread group. * * @tsk: Pointer to task structure. * @ns: Time value by which to increment the sum_exec_runtime field * of the thread_group_cputime structure. * * If thread group time is being maintained, get the structure for the * running CPU and update the sum_exec_runtime field there. */ static inline void account_group_exec_runtime(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long long ns) { struct thread_group_cputimer *cputimer = get_running_cputimer(tsk); if (!cputimer) return; atomic64_add(ns, &cputimer->cputime_atomic.sum_exec_runtime); } static inline void prev_cputime_init(struct prev_cputime *prev) { #ifndef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE prev->utime = prev->stime = 0; raw_spin_lock_init(&prev->lock); #endif } extern unsigned long long task_sched_runtime(struct task_struct *task); #endif /* _LINUX_SCHED_CPUTIME_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 #ifndef __NET_SCHED_CODEL_IMPL_H #define __NET_SCHED_CODEL_IMPL_H /* * Codel - The Controlled-Delay Active Queue Management algorithm * * Copyright (C) 2011-2012 Kathleen Nichols <nichols@pollere.com> * Copyright (C) 2011-2012 Van Jacobson <van@pollere.net> * Copyright (C) 2012 Michael D. Taht <dave.taht@bufferbloat.net> * Copyright (C) 2012,2015 Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> * * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions * are met: * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright * notice, this list of conditions, and the following disclaimer, * without modification. * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright * notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the * documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. * 3. The names of the authors may not be used to endorse or promote products * derived from this software without specific prior written permission. * * Alternatively, provided that this notice is retained in full, this * software may be distributed under the terms of the GNU General * Public License ("GPL") version 2, in which case the provisions of the * GPL apply INSTEAD OF those given above. * * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS * "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT * LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR * A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT * OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, * SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT * LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, * DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY * THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT * (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE * OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH * DAMAGE. * */ /* Controlling Queue Delay (CoDel) algorithm * ========================================= * Source : Kathleen Nichols and Van Jacobson * http://queue.acm.org/detail.cfm?id=2209336 * * Implemented on linux by Dave Taht and Eric Dumazet */ static void codel_params_init(struct codel_params *params) { params->interval = MS2TIME(100); params->target = MS2TIME(5); params->ce_threshold = CODEL_DISABLED_THRESHOLD; params->ecn = false; } static void codel_vars_init(struct codel_vars *vars) { memset(vars, 0, sizeof(*vars)); } static void codel_stats_init(struct codel_stats *stats) { stats->maxpacket = 0; } /* * http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methods_of_computing_square_roots#Iterative_methods_for_reciprocal_square_roots * new_invsqrt = (invsqrt / 2) * (3 - count * invsqrt^2) * * Here, invsqrt is a fixed point number (< 1.0), 32bit mantissa, aka Q0.32 */ static void codel_Newton_step(struct codel_vars *vars) { u32 invsqrt = ((u32)vars->rec_inv_sqrt) << REC_INV_SQRT_SHIFT; u32 invsqrt2 = ((u64)invsqrt * invsqrt) >> 32; u64 val = (3LL << 32) - ((u64)vars->count * invsqrt2); val >>= 2; /* avoid overflow in following multiply */ val = (val * invsqrt) >> (32 - 2 + 1); vars->rec_inv_sqrt = val >> REC_INV_SQRT_SHIFT; } /* * CoDel control_law is t + interval/sqrt(count) * We maintain in rec_inv_sqrt the reciprocal value of sqrt(count) to avoid * both sqrt() and divide operation. */ static codel_time_t codel_control_law(codel_time_t t, codel_time_t interval, u32 rec_inv_sqrt) { return t + reciprocal_scale(interval, rec_inv_sqrt << REC_INV_SQRT_SHIFT); } static bool codel_should_drop(const struct sk_buff *skb, void *ctx, struct codel_vars *vars, struct codel_params *params, struct codel_stats *stats, codel_skb_len_t skb_len_func, codel_skb_time_t skb_time_func, u32 *backlog, codel_time_t now) { bool ok_to_drop; u32 skb_len; if (!skb) { vars->first_above_time = 0; return false; } skb_len = skb_len_func(skb); vars->ldelay = now - skb_time_func(skb); if (unlikely(skb_len > stats->maxpacket)) stats->maxpacket = skb_len; if (codel_time_before(vars->ldelay, params->target) || *backlog <= params->mtu) { /* went below - stay below for at least interval */ vars->first_above_time = 0; return false; } ok_to_drop = false; if (vars->first_above_time == 0) { /* just went above from below. If we stay above * for at least interval we'll say it's ok to drop */ vars->first_above_time = now + params->interval; } else if (codel_time_after(now, vars->first_above_time)) { ok_to_drop = true; } return ok_to_drop; } static struct sk_buff *codel_dequeue(void *ctx, u32 *backlog, struct codel_params *params, struct codel_vars *vars, struct codel_stats *stats, codel_skb_len_t skb_len_func, codel_skb_time_t skb_time_func, codel_skb_drop_t drop_func, codel_skb_dequeue_t dequeue_func) { struct sk_buff *skb = dequeue_func(vars, ctx); codel_time_t now; bool drop; if (!skb) { vars->dropping = false; return skb; } now = codel_get_time(); drop = codel_should_drop(skb, ctx, vars, params, stats, skb_len_func, skb_time_func, backlog, now); if (vars->dropping) { if (!drop) { /* sojourn time below target - leave dropping state */ vars->dropping = false; } else if (codel_time_after_eq(now, vars->drop_next)) { /* It's time for the next drop. Drop the current * packet and dequeue the next. The dequeue might * take us out of dropping state. * If not, schedule the next drop. * A large backlog might result in drop rates so high * that the next drop should happen now, * hence the while loop. */ while (vars->dropping && codel_time_after_eq(now, vars->drop_next)) { vars->count++; /* dont care of possible wrap * since there is no more divide */ codel_Newton_step(vars); if (params->ecn && INET_ECN_set_ce(skb)) { stats->ecn_mark++; vars->drop_next = codel_control_law(vars->drop_next, params->interval, vars->rec_inv_sqrt); goto end; } stats->drop_len += skb_len_func(skb); drop_func(skb, ctx); stats->drop_count++; skb = dequeue_func(vars, ctx); if (!codel_should_drop(skb, ctx, vars, params, stats, skb_len_func, skb_time_func, backlog, now)) { /* leave dropping state */ vars->dropping = false; } else { /* and schedule the next drop */ vars->drop_next = codel_control_law(vars->drop_next, params->interval, vars->rec_inv_sqrt); } } } } else if (drop) { u32 delta; if (params->ecn && INET_ECN_set_ce(skb)) { stats->ecn_mark++; } else { stats->drop_len += skb_len_func(skb); drop_func(skb, ctx); stats->drop_count++; skb = dequeue_func(vars, ctx); drop = codel_should_drop(skb, ctx, vars, params, stats, skb_len_func, skb_time_func, backlog, now); } vars->dropping = true; /* if min went above target close to when we last went below it * assume that the drop rate that controlled the queue on the * last cycle is a good starting point to control it now. */ delta = vars->count - vars->lastcount; if (delta > 1 && codel_time_before(now - vars->drop_next, 16 * params->interval)) { vars->count = delta; /* we dont care if rec_inv_sqrt approximation * is not very precise : * Next Newton steps will correct it quadratically. */ codel_Newton_step(vars); } else { vars->count = 1; vars->rec_inv_sqrt = ~0U >> REC_INV_SQRT_SHIFT; } vars->lastcount = vars->count; vars->drop_next = codel_control_law(now, params->interval, vars->rec_inv_sqrt); } end: if (skb && codel_time_after(vars->ldelay, params->ce_threshold) && INET_ECN_set_ce(skb)) stats->ce_mark++; return skb; } #endif
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/fault-inject-usercopy.h> #include <linux/instrumented.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> /* out-of-line parts */ #ifndef INLINE_COPY_FROM_USER unsigned long _copy_from_user(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n) { unsigned long res = n; might_fault(); if (!should_fail_usercopy() && likely(access_ok(from, n))) { instrument_copy_from_user(to, from, n); res = raw_copy_from_user(to, from, n); } if (unlikely(res)) memset(to + (n - res), 0, res); return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(_copy_from_user); #endif #ifndef INLINE_COPY_TO_USER unsigned long _copy_to_user(void __user *to, const void *from, unsigned long n) { might_fault(); if (should_fail_usercopy()) return n; if (likely(access_ok(to, n))) { instrument_copy_to_user(to, from, n); n = raw_copy_to_user(to, from, n); } return n; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(_copy_to_user); #endif /** * check_zeroed_user: check if a userspace buffer only contains zero bytes * @from: Source address, in userspace. * @size: Size of buffer. * * This is effectively shorthand for "memchr_inv(from, 0, size) == NULL" for * userspace addresses (and is more efficient because we don't care where the * first non-zero byte is). * * Returns: * * 0: There were non-zero bytes present in the buffer. * * 1: The buffer was full of zero bytes. * * -EFAULT: access to userspace failed. */ int check_zeroed_user(const void __user *from, size_t size) { unsigned long val; uintptr_t align = (uintptr_t) from % sizeof(unsigned long); if (unlikely(size == 0)) return 1; from -= align; size += align; if (!user_read_access_begin(from, size)) return -EFAULT; unsafe_get_user(val, (unsigned long __user *) from, err_fault); if (align) val &= ~aligned_byte_mask(align); while (size > sizeof(unsigned long)) { if (unlikely(val)) goto done; from += sizeof(unsigned long); size -= sizeof(unsigned long); unsafe_get_user(val, (unsigned long __user *) from, err_fault); } if (size < sizeof(unsigned long)) val &= aligned_byte_mask(size); done: user_read_access_end(); return (val == 0); err_fault: user_read_access_end(); return -EFAULT; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(check_zeroed_user);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_DMA_MAPPING_H #define _ASM_X86_DMA_MAPPING_H /* * IOMMU interface. See Documentation/core-api/dma-api-howto.rst and * Documentation/core-api/dma-api.rst for documentation. */ #include <linux/scatterlist.h> #include <asm/io.h> #include <asm/swiotlb.h> extern int iommu_merge; extern int panic_on_overflow; extern const struct dma_map_ops *dma_ops; static inline const struct dma_map_ops *get_arch_dma_ops(struct bus_type *bus) { return dma_ops; } #endif
1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * linux/fs/ext4/bitmap.c * * Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995 * Remy Card (card@masi.ibp.fr) * Laboratoire MASI - Institut Blaise Pascal * Universite Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris VI) */ #include <linux/buffer_head.h> #include "ext4.h" unsigned int ext4_count_free(char *bitmap, unsigned int numchars) { return numchars * BITS_PER_BYTE - memweight(bitmap, numchars); } int ext4_inode_bitmap_csum_verify(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp, struct buffer_head *bh, int sz) { __u32 hi; __u32 provided, calculated; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); if (!ext4_has_metadata_csum(sb)) return 1; provided = le16_to_cpu(gdp->bg_inode_bitmap_csum_lo); calculated = ext4_chksum(sbi, sbi->s_csum_seed, (__u8 *)bh->b_data, sz); if (sbi->s_desc_size >= EXT4_BG_INODE_BITMAP_CSUM_HI_END) { hi = le16_to_cpu(gdp->bg_inode_bitmap_csum_hi); provided |= (hi << 16); } else calculated &= 0xFFFF; return provided == calculated; } void ext4_inode_bitmap_csum_set(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp, struct buffer_head *bh, int sz) { __u32 csum; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); if (!ext4_has_metadata_csum(sb)) return; csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, sbi->s_csum_seed, (__u8 *)bh->b_data, sz); gdp->bg_inode_bitmap_csum_lo = cpu_to_le16(csum & 0xFFFF); if (sbi->s_desc_size >= EXT4_BG_INODE_BITMAP_CSUM_HI_END) gdp->bg_inode_bitmap_csum_hi = cpu_to_le16(csum >> 16); } int ext4_block_bitmap_csum_verify(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp, struct buffer_head *bh) { __u32 hi; __u32 provided, calculated; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); int sz = EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(sb) / 8; if (!ext4_has_metadata_csum(sb)) return 1; provided = le16_to_cpu(gdp->bg_block_bitmap_csum_lo); calculated = ext4_chksum(sbi, sbi->s_csum_seed, (__u8 *)bh->b_data, sz); if (sbi->s_desc_size >= EXT4_BG_BLOCK_BITMAP_CSUM_HI_END) { hi = le16_to_cpu(gdp->bg_block_bitmap_csum_hi); provided |= (hi << 16); } else calculated &= 0xFFFF; if (provided == calculated) return 1; return 0; } void ext4_block_bitmap_csum_set(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp, struct buffer_head *bh) { int sz = EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(sb) / 8; __u32 csum; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); if (!ext4_has_metadata_csum(sb)) return; csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, sbi->s_csum_seed, (__u8 *)bh->b_data, sz); gdp->bg_block_bitmap_csum_lo = cpu_to_le16(csum & 0xFFFF); if (sbi->s_desc_size >= EXT4_BG_BLOCK_BITMAP_CSUM_HI_END) gdp->bg_block_bitmap_csum_hi = cpu_to_le16(csum >> 16); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SWAP_H #define _LINUX_SWAP_H #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/mmzone.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/node.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/page-flags.h> #include <asm/page.h> struct notifier_block; struct bio; struct pagevec; #define SWAP_FLAG_PREFER 0x8000 /* set if swap priority specified */ #define SWAP_FLAG_PRIO_MASK 0x7fff #define SWAP_FLAG_PRIO_SHIFT 0 #define SWAP_FLAG_DISCARD 0x10000 /* enable discard for swap */ #define SWAP_FLAG_DISCARD_ONCE 0x20000 /* discard swap area at swapon-time */ #define SWAP_FLAG_DISCARD_PAGES 0x40000 /* discard page-clusters after use */ #define SWAP_FLAGS_VALID (SWAP_FLAG_PRIO_MASK | SWAP_FLAG_PREFER | \ SWAP_FLAG_DISCARD | SWAP_FLAG_DISCARD_ONCE | \ SWAP_FLAG_DISCARD_PAGES) #define SWAP_BATCH 64 static inline int current_is_kswapd(void) { return current->flags & PF_KSWAPD; } /* * MAX_SWAPFILES defines the maximum number of swaptypes: things which can * be swapped to. The swap type and the offset into that swap type are * encoded into pte's and into pgoff_t's in the swapcache. Using five bits * for the type means that the maximum number of swapcache pages is 27 bits * on 32-bit-pgoff_t architectures. And that assumes that the architecture packs * the type/offset into the pte as 5/27 as well. */ #define MAX_SWAPFILES_SHIFT 5 /* * Use some of the swap files numbers for other purposes. This * is a convenient way to hook into the VM to trigger special * actions on faults. */ /* * Unaddressable device memory support. See include/linux/hmm.h and * Documentation/vm/hmm.rst. Short description is we need struct pages for * device memory that is unaddressable (inaccessible) by CPU, so that we can * migrate part of a process memory to device memory. * * When a page is migrated from CPU to device, we set the CPU page table entry * to a special SWP_DEVICE_* entry. */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEVICE_PRIVATE #define SWP_DEVICE_NUM 2 #define SWP_DEVICE_WRITE (MAX_SWAPFILES+SWP_HWPOISON_NUM+SWP_MIGRATION_NUM) #define SWP_DEVICE_READ (MAX_SWAPFILES+SWP_HWPOISON_NUM+SWP_MIGRATION_NUM+1) #else #define SWP_DEVICE_NUM 0 #endif /* * NUMA node memory migration support */ #ifdef CONFIG_MIGRATION #define SWP_MIGRATION_NUM 2 #define SWP_MIGRATION_READ (MAX_SWAPFILES + SWP_HWPOISON_NUM) #define SWP_MIGRATION_WRITE (MAX_SWAPFILES + SWP_HWPOISON_NUM + 1) #else #define SWP_MIGRATION_NUM 0 #endif /* * Handling of hardware poisoned pages with memory corruption. */ #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_FAILURE #define SWP_HWPOISON_NUM 1 #define SWP_HWPOISON MAX_SWAPFILES #else #define SWP_HWPOISON_NUM 0 #endif #define MAX_SWAPFILES \ ((1 << MAX_SWAPFILES_SHIFT) - SWP_DEVICE_NUM - \ SWP_MIGRATION_NUM - SWP_HWPOISON_NUM) /* * Magic header for a swap area. The first part of the union is * what the swap magic looks like for the old (limited to 128MB) * swap area format, the second part of the union adds - in the * old reserved area - some extra information. Note that the first * kilobyte is reserved for boot loader or disk label stuff... * * Having the magic at the end of the PAGE_SIZE makes detecting swap * areas somewhat tricky on machines that support multiple page sizes. * For 2.5 we'll probably want to move the magic to just beyond the * bootbits... */ union swap_header { struct { char reserved[PAGE_SIZE - 10]; char magic[10]; /* SWAP-SPACE or SWAPSPACE2 */ } magic; struct { char bootbits[1024]; /* Space for disklabel etc. */ __u32 version; __u32 last_page; __u32 nr_badpages; unsigned char sws_uuid[16]; unsigned char sws_volume[16]; __u32 padding[117]; __u32 badpages[1]; } info; }; /* * current->reclaim_state points to one of these when a task is running * memory reclaim */ struct reclaim_state { unsigned long reclaimed_slab; }; #ifdef __KERNEL__ struct address_space; struct sysinfo; struct writeback_control; struct zone; /* * A swap extent maps a range of a swapfile's PAGE_SIZE pages onto a range of * disk blocks. A list of swap extents maps the entire swapfile. (Where the * term `swapfile' refers to either a blockdevice or an IS_REG file. Apart * from setup, they're handled identically. * * We always assume that blocks are of size PAGE_SIZE. */ struct swap_extent { struct rb_node rb_node; pgoff_t start_page; pgoff_t nr_pages; sector_t start_block; }; /* * Max bad pages in the new format.. */ #define MAX_SWAP_BADPAGES \ ((offsetof(union swap_header, magic.magic) - \ offsetof(union swap_header, info.badpages)) / sizeof(int)) enum { SWP_USED = (1 << 0), /* is slot in swap_info[] used? */ SWP_WRITEOK = (1 << 1), /* ok to write to this swap? */ SWP_DISCARDABLE = (1 << 2), /* blkdev support discard */ SWP_DISCARDING = (1 << 3), /* now discarding a free cluster */ SWP_SOLIDSTATE = (1 << 4), /* blkdev seeks are cheap */ SWP_CONTINUED = (1 << 5), /* swap_map has count continuation */ SWP_BLKDEV = (1 << 6), /* its a block device */ SWP_ACTIVATED = (1 << 7), /* set after swap_activate success */ SWP_FS_OPS = (1 << 8), /* swapfile operations go through fs */ SWP_AREA_DISCARD = (1 << 9), /* single-time swap area discards */ SWP_PAGE_DISCARD = (1 << 10), /* freed swap page-cluster discards */ SWP_STABLE_WRITES = (1 << 11), /* no overwrite PG_writeback pages */ SWP_SYNCHRONOUS_IO = (1 << 12), /* synchronous IO is efficient */ SWP_VALID = (1 << 13), /* swap is valid to be operated on? */ /* add others here before... */ SWP_SCANNING = (1 << 14), /* refcount in scan_swap_map */ }; #define SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX 32UL #define COMPACT_CLUSTER_MAX SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX /* Bit flag in swap_map */ #define SWAP_HAS_CACHE 0x40 /* Flag page is cached, in first swap_map */ #define COUNT_CONTINUED 0x80 /* Flag swap_map continuation for full count */ /* Special value in first swap_map */ #define SWAP_MAP_MAX 0x3e /* Max count */ #define SWAP_MAP_BAD 0x3f /* Note page is bad */ #define SWAP_MAP_SHMEM 0xbf /* Owned by shmem/tmpfs */ /* Special value in each swap_map continuation */ #define SWAP_CONT_MAX 0x7f /* Max count */ /* * We use this to track usage of a cluster. A cluster is a block of swap disk * space with SWAPFILE_CLUSTER pages long and naturally aligns in disk. All * free clusters are organized into a list. We fetch an entry from the list to * get a free cluster. * * The data field stores next cluster if the cluster is free or cluster usage * counter otherwise. The flags field determines if a cluster is free. This is * protected by swap_info_struct.lock. */ struct swap_cluster_info { spinlock_t lock; /* * Protect swap_cluster_info fields * and swap_info_struct->swap_map * elements correspond to the swap * cluster */ unsigned int data:24; unsigned int flags:8; }; #define CLUSTER_FLAG_FREE 1 /* This cluster is free */ #define CLUSTER_FLAG_NEXT_NULL 2 /* This cluster has no next cluster */ #define CLUSTER_FLAG_HUGE 4 /* This cluster is backing a transparent huge page */ /* * We assign a cluster to each CPU, so each CPU can allocate swap entry from * its own cluster and swapout sequentially. The purpose is to optimize swapout * throughput. */ struct percpu_cluster { struct swap_cluster_info index; /* Current cluster index */ unsigned int next; /* Likely next allocation offset */ }; struct swap_cluster_list { struct swap_cluster_info head; struct swap_cluster_info tail; }; /* * The in-memory structure used to track swap areas. */ struct swap_info_struct { unsigned long flags; /* SWP_USED etc: see above */ signed short prio; /* swap priority of this type */ struct plist_node list; /* entry in swap_active_head */ signed char type; /* strange name for an index */ unsigned int max; /* extent of the swap_map */ unsigned char *swap_map; /* vmalloc'ed array of usage counts */ struct swap_cluster_info *cluster_info; /* cluster info. Only for SSD */ struct swap_cluster_list free_clusters; /* free clusters list */ unsigned int lowest_bit; /* index of first free in swap_map */ unsigned int highest_bit; /* index of last free in swap_map */ unsigned int pages; /* total of usable pages of swap */ unsigned int inuse_pages; /* number of those currently in use */ unsigned int cluster_next; /* likely index for next allocation */ unsigned int cluster_nr; /* countdown to next cluster search */ unsigned int __percpu *cluster_next_cpu; /*percpu index for next allocation */ struct percpu_cluster __percpu *percpu_cluster; /* per cpu's swap location */ struct rb_root swap_extent_root;/* root of the swap extent rbtree */ struct block_device *bdev; /* swap device or bdev of swap file */ struct file *swap_file; /* seldom referenced */ unsigned int old_block_size; /* seldom referenced */ #ifdef CONFIG_FRONTSWAP unsigned long *frontswap_map; /* frontswap in-use, one bit per page */ atomic_t frontswap_pages; /* frontswap pages in-use counter */ #endif spinlock_t lock; /* * protect map scan related fields like * swap_map, lowest_bit, highest_bit, * inuse_pages, cluster_next, * cluster_nr, lowest_alloc, * highest_alloc, free/discard cluster * list. other fields are only changed * at swapon/swapoff, so are protected * by swap_lock. changing flags need * hold this lock and swap_lock. If * both locks need hold, hold swap_lock * first. */ spinlock_t cont_lock; /* * protect swap count continuation page * list. */ struct work_struct discard_work; /* discard worker */ struct swap_cluster_list discard_clusters; /* discard clusters list */ struct plist_node avail_lists[]; /* * entries in swap_avail_heads, one * entry per node. * Must be last as the number of the * array is nr_node_ids, which is not * a fixed value so have to allocate * dynamically. * And it has to be an array so that * plist_for_each_* can work. */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT #define SWAP_RA_ORDER_CEILING 5 #else /* Avoid stack overflow, because we need to save part of page table */ #define SWAP_RA_ORDER_CEILING 3 #define SWAP_RA_PTE_CACHE_SIZE (1 << SWAP_RA_ORDER_CEILING) #endif struct vma_swap_readahead { unsigned short win; unsigned short offset; unsigned short nr_pte; #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT pte_t *ptes; #else pte_t ptes[SWAP_RA_PTE_CACHE_SIZE]; #endif }; /* linux/mm/workingset.c */ void workingset_age_nonresident(struct lruvec *lruvec, unsigned long nr_pages); void *workingset_eviction(struct page *page, struct mem_cgroup *target_memcg); void workingset_refault(struct page *page, void *shadow); void workingset_activation(struct page *page); /* Only track the nodes of mappings with shadow entries */ void workingset_update_node(struct xa_node *node); #define mapping_set_update(xas, mapping) do { \ if (!dax_mapping(mapping) && !shmem_mapping(mapping)) \ xas_set_update(xas, workingset_update_node); \ } while (0) /* linux/mm/page_alloc.c */ extern unsigned long totalreserve_pages; extern unsigned long nr_free_buffer_pages(void); /* Definition of global_zone_page_state not available yet */ #define nr_free_pages() global_zone_page_state(NR_FREE_PAGES) /* linux/mm/swap.c */ extern void lru_note_cost(struct lruvec *lruvec, bool file, unsigned int nr_pages); extern void lru_note_cost_page(struct page *); extern void lru_cache_add(struct page *); extern void lru_add_page_tail(struct page *page, struct page *page_tail, struct lruvec *lruvec, struct list_head *head); extern void mark_page_accessed(struct page *); extern void lru_add_drain(void); extern void lru_add_drain_cpu(int cpu); extern void lru_add_drain_cpu_zone(struct zone *zone); extern void lru_add_drain_all(void); extern void rotate_reclaimable_page(struct page *page); extern void deactivate_file_page(struct page *page); extern void deactivate_page(struct page *page); extern void mark_page_lazyfree(struct page *page); extern void swap_setup(void); extern void lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma); /* linux/mm/vmscan.c */ extern unsigned long zone_reclaimable_pages(struct zone *zone); extern unsigned long try_to_free_pages(struct zonelist *zonelist, int order, gfp_t gfp_mask, nodemask_t *mask); extern int __isolate_lru_page(struct page *page, isolate_mode_t mode); extern unsigned long try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, unsigned long nr_pages, gfp_t gfp_mask, bool may_swap); extern unsigned long mem_cgroup_shrink_node(struct mem_cgroup *mem, gfp_t gfp_mask, bool noswap, pg_data_t *pgdat, unsigned long *nr_scanned); extern unsigned long shrink_all_memory(unsigned long nr_pages); extern int vm_swappiness; extern int remove_mapping(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page); extern unsigned long reclaim_pages(struct list_head *page_list); #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA extern int node_reclaim_mode; extern int sysctl_min_unmapped_ratio; extern int sysctl_min_slab_ratio; #else #define node_reclaim_mode 0 #endif extern void check_move_unevictable_pages(struct pagevec *pvec); extern int kswapd_run(int nid); extern void kswapd_stop(int nid); #ifdef CONFIG_SWAP #include <linux/blk_types.h> /* for bio_end_io_t */ /* linux/mm/page_io.c */ extern int swap_readpage(struct page *page, bool do_poll); extern int swap_writepage(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc); extern void end_swap_bio_write(struct bio *bio); extern int __swap_writepage(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc, bio_end_io_t end_write_func); extern int swap_set_page_dirty(struct page *page); int add_swap_extent(struct swap_info_struct *sis, unsigned long start_page, unsigned long nr_pages, sector_t start_block); int generic_swapfile_activate(struct swap_info_struct *, struct file *, sector_t *); /* linux/mm/swap_state.c */ /* One swap address space for each 64M swap space */ #define SWAP_ADDRESS_SPACE_SHIFT 14 #define SWAP_ADDRESS_SPACE_PAGES (1 << SWAP_ADDRESS_SPACE_SHIFT) extern struct address_space *swapper_spaces[]; #define swap_address_space(entry) \ (&swapper_spaces[swp_type(entry)][swp_offset(entry) \ >> SWAP_ADDRESS_SPACE_SHIFT]) extern unsigned long total_swapcache_pages(void); extern void show_swap_cache_info(void); extern int add_to_swap(struct page *page); extern void *get_shadow_from_swap_cache(swp_entry_t entry); extern int add_to_swap_cache(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry, gfp_t gfp, void **shadowp); extern void __delete_from_swap_cache(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry, void *shadow); extern void delete_from_swap_cache(struct page *); extern void clear_shadow_from_swap_cache(int type, unsigned long begin, unsigned long end); extern void free_page_and_swap_cache(struct page *); extern void free_pages_and_swap_cache(struct page **, int); extern struct page *lookup_swap_cache(swp_entry_t entry, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr); struct page *find_get_incore_page(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index); extern struct page *read_swap_cache_async(swp_entry_t, gfp_t, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, bool do_poll); extern struct page *__read_swap_cache_async(swp_entry_t, gfp_t, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, bool *new_page_allocated); extern struct page *swap_cluster_readahead(swp_entry_t entry, gfp_t flag, struct vm_fault *vmf); extern struct page *swapin_readahead(swp_entry_t entry, gfp_t flag, struct vm_fault *vmf); /* linux/mm/swapfile.c */ extern atomic_long_t nr_swap_pages; extern long total_swap_pages; extern atomic_t nr_rotate_swap; extern bool has_usable_swap(void); /* Swap 50% full? Release swapcache more aggressively.. */ static inline bool vm_swap_full(void) { return atomic_long_read(&nr_swap_pages) * 2 < total_swap_pages; } static inline long get_nr_swap_pages(void) { return atomic_long_read(&nr_swap_pages); } extern void si_swapinfo(struct sysinfo *); extern swp_entry_t get_swap_page(struct page *page); extern void put_swap_page(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry); extern swp_entry_t get_swap_page_of_type(int); extern int get_swap_pages(int n, swp_entry_t swp_entries[], int entry_size); extern int add_swap_count_continuation(swp_entry_t, gfp_t); extern void swap_shmem_alloc(swp_entry_t); extern int swap_duplicate(swp_entry_t); extern int swapcache_prepare(swp_entry_t); extern void swap_free(swp_entry_t); extern void swapcache_free_entries(swp_entry_t *entries, int n); extern int free_swap_and_cache(swp_entry_t); int swap_type_of(dev_t device, sector_t offset); int find_first_swap(dev_t *device); extern unsigned int count_swap_pages(int, int); extern sector_t map_swap_page(struct page *, struct block_device **); extern sector_t swapdev_block(int, pgoff_t); extern int page_swapcount(struct page *); extern int __swap_count(swp_entry_t entry); extern int __swp_swapcount(swp_entry_t entry); extern int swp_swapcount(swp_entry_t entry); extern struct swap_info_struct *page_swap_info(struct page *); extern struct swap_info_struct *swp_swap_info(swp_entry_t entry); extern bool reuse_swap_page(struct page *, int *); extern int try_to_free_swap(struct page *); struct backing_dev_info; extern int init_swap_address_space(unsigned int type, unsigned long nr_pages); extern void exit_swap_address_space(unsigned int type); extern struct swap_info_struct *get_swap_device(swp_entry_t entry); sector_t swap_page_sector(struct page *page); static inline void put_swap_device(struct swap_info_struct *si) { rcu_read_unlock(); } #else /* CONFIG_SWAP */ static inline int swap_readpage(struct page *page, bool do_poll) { return 0; } static inline struct swap_info_struct *swp_swap_info(swp_entry_t entry) { return NULL; } #define swap_address_space(entry) (NULL) #define get_nr_swap_pages() 0L #define total_swap_pages 0L #define total_swapcache_pages() 0UL #define vm_swap_full() 0 #define si_swapinfo(val) \ do { (val)->freeswap = (val)->totalswap = 0; } while (0) /* only sparc can not include linux/pagemap.h in this file * so leave put_page and release_pages undeclared... */ #define free_page_and_swap_cache(page) \ put_page(page) #define free_pages_and_swap_cache(pages, nr) \ release_pages((pages), (nr)); static inline void show_swap_cache_info(void) { } #define free_swap_and_cache(e) ({(is_migration_entry(e) || is_device_private_entry(e));}) #define swapcache_prepare(e) ({(is_migration_entry(e) || is_device_private_entry(e));}) static inline int add_swap_count_continuation(swp_entry_t swp, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return 0; } static inline void swap_shmem_alloc(swp_entry_t swp) { } static inline int swap_duplicate(swp_entry_t swp) { return 0; } static inline void swap_free(swp_entry_t swp) { } static inline void put_swap_page(struct page *page, swp_entry_t swp) { } static inline struct page *swap_cluster_readahead(swp_entry_t entry, gfp_t gfp_mask, struct vm_fault *vmf) { return NULL; } static inline struct page *swapin_readahead(swp_entry_t swp, gfp_t gfp_mask, struct vm_fault *vmf) { return NULL; } static inline int swap_writepage(struct page *p, struct writeback_control *wbc) { return 0; } static inline struct page *lookup_swap_cache(swp_entry_t swp, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { return NULL; } static inline struct page *find_get_incore_page(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index) { return find_get_page(mapping, index); } static inline int add_to_swap(struct page *page) { return 0; } static inline void *get_shadow_from_swap_cache(swp_entry_t entry) { return NULL; } static inline int add_to_swap_cache(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry, gfp_t gfp_mask, void **shadowp) { return -1; } static inline void __delete_from_swap_cache(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry, void *shadow) { } static inline void delete_from_swap_cache(struct page *page) { } static inline void clear_shadow_from_swap_cache(int type, unsigned long begin, unsigned long end) { } static inline int page_swapcount(struct page *page) { return 0; } static inline int __swap_count(swp_entry_t entry) { return 0; } static inline int __swp_swapcount(swp_entry_t entry) { return 0; } static inline int swp_swapcount(swp_entry_t entry) { return 0; } #define reuse_swap_page(page, total_map_swapcount) \ (page_trans_huge_mapcount(page, total_map_swapcount) == 1) static inline int try_to_free_swap(struct page *page) { return 0; } static inline swp_entry_t get_swap_page(struct page *page) { swp_entry_t entry; entry.val = 0; return entry; } #endif /* CONFIG_SWAP */ #ifdef CONFIG_THP_SWAP extern int split_swap_cluster(swp_entry_t entry); #else static inline int split_swap_cluster(swp_entry_t entry) { return 0; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG static inline int mem_cgroup_swappiness(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { /* Cgroup2 doesn't have per-cgroup swappiness */ if (cgroup_subsys_on_dfl(memory_cgrp_subsys)) return vm_swappiness; /* root ? */ if (mem_cgroup_disabled() || mem_cgroup_is_root(memcg)) return vm_swappiness; return memcg->swappiness; } #else static inline int mem_cgroup_swappiness(struct mem_cgroup *mem) { return vm_swappiness; } #endif #if defined(CONFIG_SWAP) && defined(CONFIG_MEMCG) && defined(CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP) extern void cgroup_throttle_swaprate(struct page *page, gfp_t gfp_mask); #else static inline void cgroup_throttle_swaprate(struct page *page, gfp_t gfp_mask) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_SWAP extern void mem_cgroup_swapout(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry); extern int mem_cgroup_try_charge_swap(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry); extern void mem_cgroup_uncharge_swap(swp_entry_t entry, unsigned int nr_pages); extern long mem_cgroup_get_nr_swap_pages(struct mem_cgroup *memcg); extern bool mem_cgroup_swap_full(struct page *page); #else static inline void mem_cgroup_swapout(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry) { } static inline int mem_cgroup_try_charge_swap(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry) { return 0; } static inline void mem_cgroup_uncharge_swap(swp_entry_t entry, unsigned int nr_pages) { } static inline long mem_cgroup_get_nr_swap_pages(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { return get_nr_swap_pages(); } static inline bool mem_cgroup_swap_full(struct page *page) { return vm_swap_full(); } #endif #endif /* __KERNEL__*/ #endif /* _LINUX_SWAP_H */
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5989 5990 5991 5992 5993 5994 5995 5996 5997 5998 5999 6000 6001 6002 6003 6004 6005 6006 6007 6008 6009 6010 6011 6012 6013 6014 6015 6016 6017 6018 6019 6020 6021 6022 6023 6024 6025 6026 6027 6028 6029 6030 6031 6032 6033 6034 6035 6036 6037 6038 6039 6040 6041 6042 6043 6044 6045 6046 6047 6048 6049 6050 6051 6052 6053 6054 6055 6056 6057 6058 6059 6060 6061 6062 6063 6064 6065 6066 6067 6068 6069 6070 6071 6072 6073 6074 6075 6076 6077 6078 6079 6080 6081 6082 6083 6084 6085 6086 6087 6088 6089 6090 6091 6092 6093 6094 6095 6096 6097 6098 6099 6100 6101 6102 6103 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * Copyright (c) 2003-2006, Cluster File Systems, Inc, info@clusterfs.com * Written by Alex Tomas <alex@clusterfs.com> * * Architecture independence: * Copyright (c) 2005, Bull S.A. * Written by Pierre Peiffer <pierre.peiffer@bull.net> */ /* * Extents support for EXT4 * * TODO: * - ext4*_error() should be used in some situations * - analyze all BUG()/BUG_ON(), use -EIO where appropriate * - smart tree reduction */ #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/jbd2.h> #include <linux/highuid.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/quotaops.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/fiemap.h> #include <linux/backing-dev.h> #include <linux/iomap.h> #include "ext4_jbd2.h" #include "ext4_extents.h" #include "xattr.h" #include <trace/events/ext4.h> /* * used by extent splitting. */ #define EXT4_EXT_MAY_ZEROOUT 0x1 /* safe to zeroout if split fails \ due to ENOSPC */ #define EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT1 0x2 /* mark first half unwritten */ #define EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT2 0x4 /* mark second half unwritten */ #define EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID1 0x8 /* first half contains valid data */ #define EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID2 0x10 /* second half contains valid data */ static __le32 ext4_extent_block_csum(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent_header *eh) { struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); __u32 csum; csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, ei->i_csum_seed, (__u8 *)eh, EXT4_EXTENT_TAIL_OFFSET(eh)); return cpu_to_le32(csum); } static int ext4_extent_block_csum_verify(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent_header *eh) { struct ext4_extent_tail *et; if (!ext4_has_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb)) return 1; et = find_ext4_extent_tail(eh); if (et->et_checksum != ext4_extent_block_csum(inode, eh)) return 0; return 1; } static void ext4_extent_block_csum_set(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent_header *eh) { struct ext4_extent_tail *et; if (!ext4_has_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb)) return; et = find_ext4_extent_tail(eh); et->et_checksum = ext4_extent_block_csum(inode, eh); } static int ext4_split_extent_at(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path **ppath, ext4_lblk_t split, int split_flag, int flags); static int ext4_ext_trunc_restart_fn(struct inode *inode, int *dropped) { /* * Drop i_data_sem to avoid deadlock with ext4_map_blocks. At this * moment, get_block can be called only for blocks inside i_size since * page cache has been already dropped and writes are blocked by * i_mutex. So we can safely drop the i_data_sem here. */ BUG_ON(EXT4_JOURNAL(inode) == NULL); ext4_discard_preallocations(inode, 0); up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); *dropped = 1; return 0; } /* * Make sure 'handle' has at least 'check_cred' credits. If not, restart * transaction with 'restart_cred' credits. The function drops i_data_sem * when restarting transaction and gets it after transaction is restarted. * * The function returns 0 on success, 1 if transaction had to be restarted, * and < 0 in case of fatal error. */ int ext4_datasem_ensure_credits(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, int check_cred, int restart_cred, int revoke_cred) { int ret; int dropped = 0; ret = ext4_journal_ensure_credits_fn(handle, check_cred, restart_cred, revoke_cred, ext4_ext_trunc_restart_fn(inode, &dropped)); if (dropped) down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); return ret; } /* * could return: * - EROFS * - ENOMEM */ static int ext4_ext_get_access(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path) { int err = 0; if (path->p_bh) { /* path points to block */ BUFFER_TRACE(path->p_bh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, path->p_bh); /* * The extent buffer's verified bit will be set again in * __ext4_ext_dirty(). We could leave an inconsistent * buffer if the extents updating procudure break off du * to some error happens, force to check it again. */ if (!err) clear_buffer_verified(path->p_bh); } /* path points to leaf/index in inode body */ /* we use in-core data, no need to protect them */ return err; } /* * could return: * - EROFS * - ENOMEM * - EIO */ static int __ext4_ext_dirty(const char *where, unsigned int line, handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path) { int err; WARN_ON(!rwsem_is_locked(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem)); if (path->p_bh) { ext4_extent_block_csum_set(inode, ext_block_hdr(path->p_bh)); /* path points to block */ err = __ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(where, line, handle, inode, path->p_bh); /* Extents updating done, re-set verified flag */ if (!err) set_buffer_verified(path->p_bh); } else { /* path points to leaf/index in inode body */ err = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); } return err; } #define ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path) \ __ext4_ext_dirty(__func__, __LINE__, (handle), (inode), (path)) static ext4_fsblk_t ext4_ext_find_goal(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path, ext4_lblk_t block) { if (path) { int depth = path->p_depth; struct ext4_extent *ex; /* * Try to predict block placement assuming that we are * filling in a file which will eventually be * non-sparse --- i.e., in the case of libbfd writing * an ELF object sections out-of-order but in a way * the eventually results in a contiguous object or * executable file, or some database extending a table * space file. However, this is actually somewhat * non-ideal if we are writing a sparse file such as * qemu or KVM writing a raw image file that is going * to stay fairly sparse, since it will end up * fragmenting the file system's free space. Maybe we * should have some hueristics or some way to allow * userspace to pass a hint to file system, * especially if the latter case turns out to be * common. */ ex = path[depth].p_ext; if (ex) { ext4_fsblk_t ext_pblk = ext4_ext_pblock(ex); ext4_lblk_t ext_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); if (block > ext_block) return ext_pblk + (block - ext_block); else return ext_pblk - (ext_block - block); } /* it looks like index is empty; * try to find starting block from index itself */ if (path[depth].p_bh) return path[depth].p_bh->b_blocknr; } /* OK. use inode's group */ return ext4_inode_to_goal_block(inode); } /* * Allocation for a meta data block */ static ext4_fsblk_t ext4_ext_new_meta_block(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path, struct ext4_extent *ex, int *err, unsigned int flags) { ext4_fsblk_t goal, newblock; goal = ext4_ext_find_goal(inode, path, le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block)); newblock = ext4_new_meta_blocks(handle, inode, goal, flags, NULL, err); return newblock; } static inline int ext4_ext_space_block(struct inode *inode, int check) { int size; size = (inode->i_sb->s_blocksize - sizeof(struct ext4_extent_header)) / sizeof(struct ext4_extent); #ifdef AGGRESSIVE_TEST if (!check && size > 6) size = 6; #endif return size; } static inline int ext4_ext_space_block_idx(struct inode *inode, int check) { int size; size = (inode->i_sb->s_blocksize - sizeof(struct ext4_extent_header)) / sizeof(struct ext4_extent_idx); #ifdef AGGRESSIVE_TEST if (!check && size > 5) size = 5; #endif return size; } static inline int ext4_ext_space_root(struct inode *inode, int check) { int size; size = sizeof(EXT4_I(inode)->i_data); size -= sizeof(struct ext4_extent_header); size /= sizeof(struct ext4_extent); #ifdef AGGRESSIVE_TEST if (!check && size > 3) size = 3; #endif return size; } static inline int ext4_ext_space_root_idx(struct inode *inode, int check) { int size; size = sizeof(EXT4_I(inode)->i_data); size -= sizeof(struct ext4_extent_header); size /= sizeof(struct ext4_extent_idx); #ifdef AGGRESSIVE_TEST if (!check && size > 4) size = 4; #endif return size; } static inline int ext4_force_split_extent_at(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path **ppath, ext4_lblk_t lblk, int nofail) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = *ppath; int unwritten = ext4_ext_is_unwritten(path[path->p_depth].p_ext); int flags = EXT4_EX_NOCACHE | EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO; if (nofail) flags |= EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_METADATA_NOFAIL | EXT4_EX_NOFAIL; return ext4_split_extent_at(handle, inode, ppath, lblk, unwritten ? EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT1|EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT2 : 0, flags); } static int ext4_ext_max_entries(struct inode *inode, int depth) { int max; if (depth == ext_depth(inode)) { if (depth == 0) max = ext4_ext_space_root(inode, 1); else max = ext4_ext_space_root_idx(inode, 1); } else { if (depth == 0) max = ext4_ext_space_block(inode, 1); else max = ext4_ext_space_block_idx(inode, 1); } return max; } static int ext4_valid_extent(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent *ext) { ext4_fsblk_t block = ext4_ext_pblock(ext); int len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ext); ext4_lblk_t lblock = le32_to_cpu(ext->ee_block); /* * We allow neither: * - zero length * - overflow/wrap-around */ if (lblock + len <= lblock) return 0; return ext4_inode_block_valid(inode, block, len); } static int ext4_valid_extent_idx(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent_idx *ext_idx) { ext4_fsblk_t block = ext4_idx_pblock(ext_idx); return ext4_inode_block_valid(inode, block, 1); } static int ext4_valid_extent_entries(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent_header *eh, ext4_lblk_t lblk, ext4_fsblk_t *pblk, int depth) { unsigned short entries; ext4_lblk_t lblock = 0; ext4_lblk_t prev = 0; if (eh->eh_entries == 0) return 1; entries = le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_entries); if (depth == 0) { /* leaf entries */ struct ext4_extent *ext = EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh); /* * The logical block in the first entry should equal to * the number in the index block. */ if (depth != ext_depth(inode) && lblk != le32_to_cpu(ext->ee_block)) return 0; while (entries) { if (!ext4_valid_extent(inode, ext)) return 0; /* Check for overlapping extents */ lblock = le32_to_cpu(ext->ee_block); if ((lblock <= prev) && prev) { *pblk = ext4_ext_pblock(ext); return 0; } prev = lblock + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ext) - 1; ext++; entries--; } } else { struct ext4_extent_idx *ext_idx = EXT_FIRST_INDEX(eh); /* * The logical block in the first entry should equal to * the number in the parent index block. */ if (depth != ext_depth(inode) && lblk != le32_to_cpu(ext_idx->ei_block)) return 0; while (entries) { if (!ext4_valid_extent_idx(inode, ext_idx)) return 0; /* Check for overlapping index extents */ lblock = le32_to_cpu(ext_idx->ei_block); if ((lblock <= prev) && prev) { *pblk = ext4_idx_pblock(ext_idx); return 0; } ext_idx++; entries--; prev = lblock; } } return 1; } static int __ext4_ext_check(const char *function, unsigned int line, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent_header *eh, int depth, ext4_fsblk_t pblk, ext4_lblk_t lblk) { const char *error_msg; int max = 0, err = -EFSCORRUPTED; if (unlikely(eh->eh_magic != EXT4_EXT_MAGIC)) { error_msg = "invalid magic"; goto corrupted; } if (unlikely(le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_depth) != depth)) { error_msg = "unexpected eh_depth"; goto corrupted; } if (unlikely(eh->eh_max == 0)) { error_msg = "invalid eh_max"; goto corrupted; } max = ext4_ext_max_entries(inode, depth); if (unlikely(le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_max) > max)) { error_msg = "too large eh_max"; goto corrupted; } if (unlikely(le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_entries) > le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_max))) { error_msg = "invalid eh_entries"; goto corrupted; } if (!ext4_valid_extent_entries(inode, eh, lblk, &pblk, depth)) { error_msg = "invalid extent entries"; goto corrupted; } if (unlikely(depth > 32)) { error_msg = "too large eh_depth"; goto corrupted; } /* Verify checksum on non-root extent tree nodes */ if (ext_depth(inode) != depth && !ext4_extent_block_csum_verify(inode, eh)) { error_msg = "extent tree corrupted"; err = -EFSBADCRC; goto corrupted; } return 0; corrupted: ext4_error_inode_err(inode, function, line, 0, -err, "pblk %llu bad header/extent: %s - magic %x, " "entries %u, max %u(%u), depth %u(%u)", (unsigned long long) pblk, error_msg, le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_magic), le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_entries), le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_max), max, le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_depth), depth); return err; } #define ext4_ext_check(inode, eh, depth, pblk) \ __ext4_ext_check(__func__, __LINE__, (inode), (eh), (depth), (pblk), 0) int ext4_ext_check_inode(struct inode *inode) { return ext4_ext_check(inode, ext_inode_hdr(inode), ext_depth(inode), 0); } static void ext4_cache_extents(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent_header *eh) { struct ext4_extent *ex = EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh); ext4_lblk_t prev = 0; int i; for (i = le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_entries); i > 0; i--, ex++) { unsigned int status = EXTENT_STATUS_WRITTEN; ext4_lblk_t lblk = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); int len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); if (prev && (prev != lblk)) ext4_es_cache_extent(inode, prev, lblk - prev, ~0, EXTENT_STATUS_HOLE); if (ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex)) status = EXTENT_STATUS_UNWRITTEN; ext4_es_cache_extent(inode, lblk, len, ext4_ext_pblock(ex), status); prev = lblk + len; } } static struct buffer_head * __read_extent_tree_block(const char *function, unsigned int line, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent_idx *idx, int depth, int flags) { struct buffer_head *bh; int err; gfp_t gfp_flags = __GFP_MOVABLE | GFP_NOFS; ext4_fsblk_t pblk; if (flags & EXT4_EX_NOFAIL) gfp_flags |= __GFP_NOFAIL; pblk = ext4_idx_pblock(idx); bh = sb_getblk_gfp(inode->i_sb, pblk, gfp_flags); if (unlikely(!bh)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (!bh_uptodate_or_lock(bh)) { trace_ext4_ext_load_extent(inode, pblk, _RET_IP_); err = ext4_read_bh(bh, 0, NULL); if (err < 0) goto errout; } if (buffer_verified(bh) && !(flags & EXT4_EX_FORCE_CACHE)) return bh; err = __ext4_ext_check(function, line, inode, ext_block_hdr(bh), depth, pblk, le32_to_cpu(idx->ei_block)); if (err) goto errout; set_buffer_verified(bh); /* * If this is a leaf block, cache all of its entries */ if (!(flags & EXT4_EX_NOCACHE) && depth == 0) { struct ext4_extent_header *eh = ext_block_hdr(bh); ext4_cache_extents(inode, eh); } return bh; errout: put_bh(bh); return ERR_PTR(err); } #define read_extent_tree_block(inode, idx, depth, flags) \ __read_extent_tree_block(__func__, __LINE__, (inode), (idx), \ (depth), (flags)) /* * This function is called to cache a file's extent information in the * extent status tree */ int ext4_ext_precache(struct inode *inode) { struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); struct ext4_ext_path *path = NULL; struct buffer_head *bh; int i = 0, depth, ret = 0; if (!ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)) return 0; /* not an extent-mapped inode */ down_read(&ei->i_data_sem); depth = ext_depth(inode); /* Don't cache anything if there are no external extent blocks */ if (!depth) { up_read(&ei->i_data_sem); return ret; } path = kcalloc(depth + 1, sizeof(struct ext4_ext_path), GFP_NOFS); if (path == NULL) { up_read(&ei->i_data_sem); return -ENOMEM; } path[0].p_hdr = ext_inode_hdr(inode); ret = ext4_ext_check(inode, path[0].p_hdr, depth, 0); if (ret) goto out; path[0].p_idx = EXT_FIRST_INDEX(path[0].p_hdr); while (i >= 0) { /* * If this is a leaf block or we've reached the end of * the index block, go up */ if ((i == depth) || path[i].p_idx > EXT_LAST_INDEX(path[i].p_hdr)) { brelse(path[i].p_bh); path[i].p_bh = NULL; i--; continue; } bh = read_extent_tree_block(inode, path[i].p_idx++, depth - i - 1, EXT4_EX_FORCE_CACHE); if (IS_ERR(bh)) { ret = PTR_ERR(bh); break; } i++; path[i].p_bh = bh; path[i].p_hdr = ext_block_hdr(bh); path[i].p_idx = EXT_FIRST_INDEX(path[i].p_hdr); } ext4_set_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_EXT_PRECACHED); out: up_read(&ei->i_data_sem); ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); return ret; } #ifdef EXT_DEBUG static void ext4_ext_show_path(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path) { int k, l = path->p_depth; ext_debug(inode, "path:"); for (k = 0; k <= l; k++, path++) { if (path->p_idx) { ext_debug(inode, " %d->%llu", le32_to_cpu(path->p_idx->ei_block), ext4_idx_pblock(path->p_idx)); } else if (path->p_ext) { ext_debug(inode, " %d:[%d]%d:%llu ", le32_to_cpu(path->p_ext->ee_block), ext4_ext_is_unwritten(path->p_ext), ext4_ext_get_actual_len(path->p_ext), ext4_ext_pblock(path->p_ext)); } else ext_debug(inode, " []"); } ext_debug(inode, "\n"); } static void ext4_ext_show_leaf(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path) { int depth = ext_depth(inode); struct ext4_extent_header *eh; struct ext4_extent *ex; int i; if (!path) return; eh = path[depth].p_hdr; ex = EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh); ext_debug(inode, "Displaying leaf extents\n"); for (i = 0; i < le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_entries); i++, ex++) { ext_debug(inode, "%d:[%d]%d:%llu ", le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block), ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex), ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex), ext4_ext_pblock(ex)); } ext_debug(inode, "\n"); } static void ext4_ext_show_move(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path, ext4_fsblk_t newblock, int level) { int depth = ext_depth(inode); struct ext4_extent *ex; if (depth != level) { struct ext4_extent_idx *idx; idx = path[level].p_idx; while (idx <= EXT_MAX_INDEX(path[level].p_hdr)) { ext_debug(inode, "%d: move %d:%llu in new index %llu\n", level, le32_to_cpu(idx->ei_block), ext4_idx_pblock(idx), newblock); idx++; } return; } ex = path[depth].p_ext; while (ex <= EXT_MAX_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr)) { ext_debug(inode, "move %d:%llu:[%d]%d in new leaf %llu\n", le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block), ext4_ext_pblock(ex), ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex), ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex), newblock); ex++; } } #else #define ext4_ext_show_path(inode, path) #define ext4_ext_show_leaf(inode, path) #define ext4_ext_show_move(inode, path, newblock, level) #endif void ext4_ext_drop_refs(struct ext4_ext_path *path) { int depth, i; if (!path) return; depth = path->p_depth; for (i = 0; i <= depth; i++, path++) { brelse(path->p_bh); path->p_bh = NULL; } } /* * ext4_ext_binsearch_idx: * binary search for the closest index of the given block * the header must be checked before calling this */ static void ext4_ext_binsearch_idx(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path, ext4_lblk_t block) { struct ext4_extent_header *eh = path->p_hdr; struct ext4_extent_idx *r, *l, *m; ext_debug(inode, "binsearch for %u(idx): ", block); l = EXT_FIRST_INDEX(eh) + 1; r = EXT_LAST_INDEX(eh); while (l <= r) { m = l + (r - l) / 2; if (block < le32_to_cpu(m->ei_block)) r = m - 1; else l = m + 1; ext_debug(inode, "%p(%u):%p(%u):%p(%u) ", l, le32_to_cpu(l->ei_block), m, le32_to_cpu(m->ei_block), r, le32_to_cpu(r->ei_block)); } path->p_idx = l - 1; ext_debug(inode, " -> %u->%lld ", le32_to_cpu(path->p_idx->ei_block), ext4_idx_pblock(path->p_idx)); #ifdef CHECK_BINSEARCH { struct ext4_extent_idx *chix, *ix; int k; chix = ix = EXT_FIRST_INDEX(eh); for (k = 0; k < le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_entries); k++, ix++) { if (k != 0 && le32_to_cpu(ix->ei_block) <= le32_to_cpu(ix[-1].ei_block)) { printk(KERN_DEBUG "k=%d, ix=0x%p, " "first=0x%p\n", k, ix, EXT_FIRST_INDEX(eh)); printk(KERN_DEBUG "%u <= %u\n", le32_to_cpu(ix->ei_block), le32_to_cpu(ix[-1].ei_block)); } BUG_ON(k && le32_to_cpu(ix->ei_block) <= le32_to_cpu(ix[-1].ei_block)); if (block < le32_to_cpu(ix->ei_block)) break; chix = ix; } BUG_ON(chix != path->p_idx); } #endif } /* * ext4_ext_binsearch: * binary search for closest extent of the given block * the header must be checked before calling this */ static void ext4_ext_binsearch(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path, ext4_lblk_t block) { struct ext4_extent_header *eh = path->p_hdr; struct ext4_extent *r, *l, *m; if (eh->eh_entries == 0) { /* * this leaf is empty: * we get such a leaf in split/add case */ return; } ext_debug(inode, "binsearch for %u: ", block); l = EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh) + 1; r = EXT_LAST_EXTENT(eh); while (l <= r) { m = l + (r - l) / 2; if (block < le32_to_cpu(m->ee_block)) r = m - 1; else l = m + 1; ext_debug(inode, "%p(%u):%p(%u):%p(%u) ", l, le32_to_cpu(l->ee_block), m, le32_to_cpu(m->ee_block), r, le32_to_cpu(r->ee_block)); } path->p_ext = l - 1; ext_debug(inode, " -> %d:%llu:[%d]%d ", le32_to_cpu(path->p_ext->ee_block), ext4_ext_pblock(path->p_ext), ext4_ext_is_unwritten(path->p_ext), ext4_ext_get_actual_len(path->p_ext)); #ifdef CHECK_BINSEARCH { struct ext4_extent *chex, *ex; int k; chex = ex = EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh); for (k = 0; k < le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_entries); k++, ex++) { BUG_ON(k && le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) <= le32_to_cpu(ex[-1].ee_block)); if (block < le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block)) break; chex = ex; } BUG_ON(chex != path->p_ext); } #endif } void ext4_ext_tree_init(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode) { struct ext4_extent_header *eh; eh = ext_inode_hdr(inode); eh->eh_depth = 0; eh->eh_entries = 0; eh->eh_magic = EXT4_EXT_MAGIC; eh->eh_max = cpu_to_le16(ext4_ext_space_root(inode, 0)); eh->eh_generation = 0; ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); } struct ext4_ext_path * ext4_find_extent(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t block, struct ext4_ext_path **orig_path, int flags) { struct ext4_extent_header *eh; struct buffer_head *bh; struct ext4_ext_path *path = orig_path ? *orig_path : NULL; short int depth, i, ppos = 0; int ret; gfp_t gfp_flags = GFP_NOFS; if (flags & EXT4_EX_NOFAIL) gfp_flags |= __GFP_NOFAIL; eh = ext_inode_hdr(inode); depth = ext_depth(inode); if (depth < 0 || depth > EXT4_MAX_EXTENT_DEPTH) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "inode has invalid extent depth: %d", depth); ret = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto err; } if (path) { ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); if (depth > path[0].p_maxdepth) { kfree(path); *orig_path = path = NULL; } } if (!path) { /* account possible depth increase */ path = kcalloc(depth + 2, sizeof(struct ext4_ext_path), gfp_flags); if (unlikely(!path)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); path[0].p_maxdepth = depth + 1; } path[0].p_hdr = eh; path[0].p_bh = NULL; i = depth; if (!(flags & EXT4_EX_NOCACHE) && depth == 0) ext4_cache_extents(inode, eh); /* walk through the tree */ while (i) { ext_debug(inode, "depth %d: num %d, max %d\n", ppos, le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_entries), le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_max)); ext4_ext_binsearch_idx(inode, path + ppos, block); path[ppos].p_block = ext4_idx_pblock(path[ppos].p_idx); path[ppos].p_depth = i; path[ppos].p_ext = NULL; bh = read_extent_tree_block(inode, path[ppos].p_idx, --i, flags); if (IS_ERR(bh)) { ret = PTR_ERR(bh); goto err; } eh = ext_block_hdr(bh); ppos++; path[ppos].p_bh = bh; path[ppos].p_hdr = eh; } path[ppos].p_depth = i; path[ppos].p_ext = NULL; path[ppos].p_idx = NULL; /* find extent */ ext4_ext_binsearch(inode, path + ppos, block); /* if not an empty leaf */ if (path[ppos].p_ext) path[ppos].p_block = ext4_ext_pblock(path[ppos].p_ext); ext4_ext_show_path(inode, path); return path; err: ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); if (orig_path) *orig_path = NULL; return ERR_PTR(ret); } /* * ext4_ext_insert_index: * insert new index [@logical;@ptr] into the block at @curp; * check where to insert: before @curp or after @curp */ static int ext4_ext_insert_index(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *curp, int logical, ext4_fsblk_t ptr) { struct ext4_extent_idx *ix; int len, err; err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, curp); if (err) return err; if (unlikely(logical == le32_to_cpu(curp->p_idx->ei_block))) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "logical %d == ei_block %d!", logical, le32_to_cpu(curp->p_idx->ei_block)); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } if (unlikely(le16_to_cpu(curp->p_hdr->eh_entries) >= le16_to_cpu(curp->p_hdr->eh_max))) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "eh_entries %d >= eh_max %d!", le16_to_cpu(curp->p_hdr->eh_entries), le16_to_cpu(curp->p_hdr->eh_max)); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } if (logical > le32_to_cpu(curp->p_idx->ei_block)) { /* insert after */ ext_debug(inode, "insert new index %d after: %llu\n", logical, ptr); ix = curp->p_idx + 1; } else { /* insert before */ ext_debug(inode, "insert new index %d before: %llu\n", logical, ptr); ix = curp->p_idx; } len = EXT_LAST_INDEX(curp->p_hdr) - ix + 1; BUG_ON(len < 0); if (len > 0) { ext_debug(inode, "insert new index %d: " "move %d indices from 0x%p to 0x%p\n", logical, len, ix, ix + 1); memmove(ix + 1, ix, len * sizeof(struct ext4_extent_idx)); } if (unlikely(ix > EXT_MAX_INDEX(curp->p_hdr))) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "ix > EXT_MAX_INDEX!"); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } ix->ei_block = cpu_to_le32(logical); ext4_idx_store_pblock(ix, ptr); le16_add_cpu(&curp->p_hdr->eh_entries, 1); if (unlikely(ix > EXT_LAST_INDEX(curp->p_hdr))) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "ix > EXT_LAST_INDEX!"); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, curp); ext4_std_error(inode->i_sb, err); return err; } /* * ext4_ext_split: * inserts new subtree into the path, using free index entry * at depth @at: * - allocates all needed blocks (new leaf and all intermediate index blocks) * - makes decision where to split * - moves remaining extents and index entries (right to the split point) * into the newly allocated blocks * - initializes subtree */ static int ext4_ext_split(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, unsigned int flags, struct ext4_ext_path *path, struct ext4_extent *newext, int at) { struct buffer_head *bh = NULL; int depth = ext_depth(inode); struct ext4_extent_header *neh; struct ext4_extent_idx *fidx; int i = at, k, m, a; ext4_fsblk_t newblock, oldblock; __le32 border; ext4_fsblk_t *ablocks = NULL; /* array of allocated blocks */ gfp_t gfp_flags = GFP_NOFS; int err = 0; size_t ext_size = 0; if (flags & EXT4_EX_NOFAIL) gfp_flags |= __GFP_NOFAIL; /* make decision: where to split? */ /* FIXME: now decision is simplest: at current extent */ /* if current leaf will be split, then we should use * border from split point */ if (unlikely(path[depth].p_ext > EXT_MAX_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr))) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "p_ext > EXT_MAX_EXTENT!"); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } if (path[depth].p_ext != EXT_MAX_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr)) { border = path[depth].p_ext[1].ee_block; ext_debug(inode, "leaf will be split." " next leaf starts at %d\n", le32_to_cpu(border)); } else { border = newext->ee_block; ext_debug(inode, "leaf will be added." " next leaf starts at %d\n", le32_to_cpu(border)); } /* * If error occurs, then we break processing * and mark filesystem read-only. index won't * be inserted and tree will be in consistent * state. Next mount will repair buffers too. */ /* * Get array to track all allocated blocks. * We need this to handle errors and free blocks * upon them. */ ablocks = kcalloc(depth, sizeof(ext4_fsblk_t), gfp_flags); if (!ablocks) return -ENOMEM; /* allocate all needed blocks */ ext_debug(inode, "allocate %d blocks for indexes/leaf\n", depth - at); for (a = 0; a < depth - at; a++) { newblock = ext4_ext_new_meta_block(handle, inode, path, newext, &err, flags); if (newblock == 0) goto cleanup; ablocks[a] = newblock; } /* initialize new leaf */ newblock = ablocks[--a]; if (unlikely(newblock == 0)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "newblock == 0!"); err = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto cleanup; } bh = sb_getblk_gfp(inode->i_sb, newblock, __GFP_MOVABLE | GFP_NOFS); if (unlikely(!bh)) { err = -ENOMEM; goto cleanup; } lock_buffer(bh); err = ext4_journal_get_create_access(handle, bh); if (err) goto cleanup; neh = ext_block_hdr(bh); neh->eh_entries = 0; neh->eh_max = cpu_to_le16(ext4_ext_space_block(inode, 0)); neh->eh_magic = EXT4_EXT_MAGIC; neh->eh_depth = 0; neh->eh_generation = 0; /* move remainder of path[depth] to the new leaf */ if (unlikely(path[depth].p_hdr->eh_entries != path[depth].p_hdr->eh_max)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "eh_entries %d != eh_max %d!", path[depth].p_hdr->eh_entries, path[depth].p_hdr->eh_max); err = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto cleanup; } /* start copy from next extent */ m = EXT_MAX_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr) - path[depth].p_ext++; ext4_ext_show_move(inode, path, newblock, depth); if (m) { struct ext4_extent *ex; ex = EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(neh); memmove(ex, path[depth].p_ext, sizeof(struct ext4_extent) * m); le16_add_cpu(&neh->eh_entries, m); } /* zero out unused area in the extent block */ ext_size = sizeof(struct ext4_extent_header) + sizeof(struct ext4_extent) * le16_to_cpu(neh->eh_entries); memset(bh->b_data + ext_size, 0, inode->i_sb->s_blocksize - ext_size); ext4_extent_block_csum_set(inode, neh); set_buffer_uptodate(bh); unlock_buffer(bh); err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, inode, bh); if (err) goto cleanup; brelse(bh); bh = NULL; /* correct old leaf */ if (m) { err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto cleanup; le16_add_cpu(&path[depth].p_hdr->eh_entries, -m); err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto cleanup; } /* create intermediate indexes */ k = depth - at - 1; if (unlikely(k < 0)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "k %d < 0!", k); err = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto cleanup; } if (k) ext_debug(inode, "create %d intermediate indices\n", k); /* insert new index into current index block */ /* current depth stored in i var */ i = depth - 1; while (k--) { oldblock = newblock; newblock = ablocks[--a]; bh = sb_getblk(inode->i_sb, newblock); if (unlikely(!bh)) { err = -ENOMEM; goto cleanup; } lock_buffer(bh); err = ext4_journal_get_create_access(handle, bh); if (err) goto cleanup; neh = ext_block_hdr(bh); neh->eh_entries = cpu_to_le16(1); neh->eh_magic = EXT4_EXT_MAGIC; neh->eh_max = cpu_to_le16(ext4_ext_space_block_idx(inode, 0)); neh->eh_depth = cpu_to_le16(depth - i); neh->eh_generation = 0; fidx = EXT_FIRST_INDEX(neh); fidx->ei_block = border; ext4_idx_store_pblock(fidx, oldblock); ext_debug(inode, "int.index at %d (block %llu): %u -> %llu\n", i, newblock, le32_to_cpu(border), oldblock); /* move remainder of path[i] to the new index block */ if (unlikely(EXT_MAX_INDEX(path[i].p_hdr) != EXT_LAST_INDEX(path[i].p_hdr))) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "EXT_MAX_INDEX != EXT_LAST_INDEX ee_block %d!", le32_to_cpu(path[i].p_ext->ee_block)); err = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto cleanup; } /* start copy indexes */ m = EXT_MAX_INDEX(path[i].p_hdr) - path[i].p_idx++; ext_debug(inode, "cur 0x%p, last 0x%p\n", path[i].p_idx, EXT_MAX_INDEX(path[i].p_hdr)); ext4_ext_show_move(inode, path, newblock, i); if (m) { memmove(++fidx, path[i].p_idx, sizeof(struct ext4_extent_idx) * m); le16_add_cpu(&neh->eh_entries, m); } /* zero out unused area in the extent block */ ext_size = sizeof(struct ext4_extent_header) + (sizeof(struct ext4_extent) * le16_to_cpu(neh->eh_entries)); memset(bh->b_data + ext_size, 0, inode->i_sb->s_blocksize - ext_size); ext4_extent_block_csum_set(inode, neh); set_buffer_uptodate(bh); unlock_buffer(bh); err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, inode, bh); if (err) goto cleanup; brelse(bh); bh = NULL; /* correct old index */ if (m) { err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + i); if (err) goto cleanup; le16_add_cpu(&path[i].p_hdr->eh_entries, -m); err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + i); if (err) goto cleanup; } i--; } /* insert new index */ err = ext4_ext_insert_index(handle, inode, path + at, le32_to_cpu(border), newblock); cleanup: if (bh) { if (buffer_locked(bh)) unlock_buffer(bh); brelse(bh); } if (err) { /* free all allocated blocks in error case */ for (i = 0; i < depth; i++) { if (!ablocks[i]) continue; ext4_free_blocks(handle, inode, NULL, ablocks[i], 1, EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_METADATA); } } kfree(ablocks); return err; } /* * ext4_ext_grow_indepth: * implements tree growing procedure: * - allocates new block * - moves top-level data (index block or leaf) into the new block * - initializes new top-level, creating index that points to the * just created block */ static int ext4_ext_grow_indepth(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, unsigned int flags) { struct ext4_extent_header *neh; struct buffer_head *bh; ext4_fsblk_t newblock, goal = 0; struct ext4_super_block *es = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_es; int err = 0; size_t ext_size = 0; /* Try to prepend new index to old one */ if (ext_depth(inode)) goal = ext4_idx_pblock(EXT_FIRST_INDEX(ext_inode_hdr(inode))); if (goal > le32_to_cpu(es->s_first_data_block)) { flags |= EXT4_MB_HINT_TRY_GOAL; goal--; } else goal = ext4_inode_to_goal_block(inode); newblock = ext4_new_meta_blocks(handle, inode, goal, flags, NULL, &err); if (newblock == 0) return err; bh = sb_getblk_gfp(inode->i_sb, newblock, __GFP_MOVABLE | GFP_NOFS); if (unlikely(!bh)) return -ENOMEM; lock_buffer(bh); err = ext4_journal_get_create_access(handle, bh); if (err) { unlock_buffer(bh); goto out; } ext_size = sizeof(EXT4_I(inode)->i_data); /* move top-level index/leaf into new block */ memmove(bh->b_data, EXT4_I(inode)->i_data, ext_size); /* zero out unused area in the extent block */ memset(bh->b_data + ext_size, 0, inode->i_sb->s_blocksize - ext_size); /* set size of new block */ neh = ext_block_hdr(bh); /* old root could have indexes or leaves * so calculate e_max right way */ if (ext_depth(inode)) neh->eh_max = cpu_to_le16(ext4_ext_space_block_idx(inode, 0)); else neh->eh_max = cpu_to_le16(ext4_ext_space_block(inode, 0)); neh->eh_magic = EXT4_EXT_MAGIC; ext4_extent_block_csum_set(inode, neh); set_buffer_uptodate(bh); unlock_buffer(bh); err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, inode, bh); if (err) goto out; /* Update top-level index: num,max,pointer */ neh = ext_inode_hdr(inode); neh->eh_entries = cpu_to_le16(1); ext4_idx_store_pblock(EXT_FIRST_INDEX(neh), newblock); if (neh->eh_depth == 0) { /* Root extent block becomes index block */ neh->eh_max = cpu_to_le16(ext4_ext_space_root_idx(inode, 0)); EXT_FIRST_INDEX(neh)->ei_block = EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(neh)->ee_block; } ext_debug(inode, "new root: num %d(%d), lblock %d, ptr %llu\n", le16_to_cpu(neh->eh_entries), le16_to_cpu(neh->eh_max), le32_to_cpu(EXT_FIRST_INDEX(neh)->ei_block), ext4_idx_pblock(EXT_FIRST_INDEX(neh))); le16_add_cpu(&neh->eh_depth, 1); err = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); out: brelse(bh); return err; } /* * ext4_ext_create_new_leaf: * finds empty index and adds new leaf. * if no free index is found, then it requests in-depth growing. */ static int ext4_ext_create_new_leaf(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, unsigned int mb_flags, unsigned int gb_flags, struct ext4_ext_path **ppath, struct ext4_extent *newext) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = *ppath; struct ext4_ext_path *curp; int depth, i, err = 0; repeat: i = depth = ext_depth(inode); /* walk up to the tree and look for free index entry */ curp = path + depth; while (i > 0 && !EXT_HAS_FREE_INDEX(curp)) { i--; curp--; } /* we use already allocated block for index block, * so subsequent data blocks should be contiguous */ if (EXT_HAS_FREE_INDEX(curp)) { /* if we found index with free entry, then use that * entry: create all needed subtree and add new leaf */ err = ext4_ext_split(handle, inode, mb_flags, path, newext, i); if (err) goto out; /* refill path */ path = ext4_find_extent(inode, (ext4_lblk_t)le32_to_cpu(newext->ee_block), ppath, gb_flags); if (IS_ERR(path)) err = PTR_ERR(path); } else { /* tree is full, time to grow in depth */ err = ext4_ext_grow_indepth(handle, inode, mb_flags); if (err) goto out; /* refill path */ path = ext4_find_extent(inode, (ext4_lblk_t)le32_to_cpu(newext->ee_block), ppath, gb_flags); if (IS_ERR(path)) { err = PTR_ERR(path); goto out; } /* * only first (depth 0 -> 1) produces free space; * in all other cases we have to split the grown tree */ depth = ext_depth(inode); if (path[depth].p_hdr->eh_entries == path[depth].p_hdr->eh_max) { /* now we need to split */ goto repeat; } } out: return err; } /* * search the closest allocated block to the left for *logical * and returns it at @logical + it's physical address at @phys * if *logical is the smallest allocated block, the function * returns 0 at @phys * return value contains 0 (success) or error code */ static int ext4_ext_search_left(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path, ext4_lblk_t *logical, ext4_fsblk_t *phys) { struct ext4_extent_idx *ix; struct ext4_extent *ex; int depth, ee_len; if (unlikely(path == NULL)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "path == NULL *logical %d!", *logical); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } depth = path->p_depth; *phys = 0; if (depth == 0 && path->p_ext == NULL) return 0; /* usually extent in the path covers blocks smaller * then *logical, but it can be that extent is the * first one in the file */ ex = path[depth].p_ext; ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); if (*logical < le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block)) { if (unlikely(EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr) != ex)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "EXT_FIRST_EXTENT != ex *logical %d ee_block %d!", *logical, le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block)); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } while (--depth >= 0) { ix = path[depth].p_idx; if (unlikely(ix != EXT_FIRST_INDEX(path[depth].p_hdr))) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "ix (%d) != EXT_FIRST_INDEX (%d) (depth %d)!", ix != NULL ? le32_to_cpu(ix->ei_block) : 0, EXT_FIRST_INDEX(path[depth].p_hdr) != NULL ? le32_to_cpu(EXT_FIRST_INDEX(path[depth].p_hdr)->ei_block) : 0, depth); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } } return 0; } if (unlikely(*logical < (le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) + ee_len))) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "logical %d < ee_block %d + ee_len %d!", *logical, le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block), ee_len); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } *logical = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) + ee_len - 1; *phys = ext4_ext_pblock(ex) + ee_len - 1; return 0; } /* * Search the closest allocated block to the right for *logical * and returns it at @logical + it's physical address at @phys. * If not exists, return 0 and @phys is set to 0. We will return * 1 which means we found an allocated block and ret_ex is valid. * Or return a (< 0) error code. */ static int ext4_ext_search_right(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path, ext4_lblk_t *logical, ext4_fsblk_t *phys, struct ext4_extent *ret_ex) { struct buffer_head *bh = NULL; struct ext4_extent_header *eh; struct ext4_extent_idx *ix; struct ext4_extent *ex; int depth; /* Note, NOT eh_depth; depth from top of tree */ int ee_len; if (unlikely(path == NULL)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "path == NULL *logical %d!", *logical); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } depth = path->p_depth; *phys = 0; if (depth == 0 && path->p_ext == NULL) return 0; /* usually extent in the path covers blocks smaller * then *logical, but it can be that extent is the * first one in the file */ ex = path[depth].p_ext; ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); if (*logical < le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block)) { if (unlikely(EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr) != ex)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "first_extent(path[%d].p_hdr) != ex", depth); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } while (--depth >= 0) { ix = path[depth].p_idx; if (unlikely(ix != EXT_FIRST_INDEX(path[depth].p_hdr))) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "ix != EXT_FIRST_INDEX *logical %d!", *logical); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } } goto found_extent; } if (unlikely(*logical < (le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) + ee_len))) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "logical %d < ee_block %d + ee_len %d!", *logical, le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block), ee_len); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } if (ex != EXT_LAST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr)) { /* next allocated block in this leaf */ ex++; goto found_extent; } /* go up and search for index to the right */ while (--depth >= 0) { ix = path[depth].p_idx; if (ix != EXT_LAST_INDEX(path[depth].p_hdr)) goto got_index; } /* we've gone up to the root and found no index to the right */ return 0; got_index: /* we've found index to the right, let's * follow it and find the closest allocated * block to the right */ ix++; while (++depth < path->p_depth) { /* subtract from p_depth to get proper eh_depth */ bh = read_extent_tree_block(inode, ix, path->p_depth - depth, 0); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return PTR_ERR(bh); eh = ext_block_hdr(bh); ix = EXT_FIRST_INDEX(eh); put_bh(bh); } bh = read_extent_tree_block(inode, ix, path->p_depth - depth, 0); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return PTR_ERR(bh); eh = ext_block_hdr(bh); ex = EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh); found_extent: *logical = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); *phys = ext4_ext_pblock(ex); if (ret_ex) *ret_ex = *ex; if (bh) put_bh(bh); return 1; } /* * ext4_ext_next_allocated_block: * returns allocated block in subsequent extent or EXT_MAX_BLOCKS. * NOTE: it considers block number from index entry as * allocated block. Thus, index entries have to be consistent * with leaves. */ ext4_lblk_t ext4_ext_next_allocated_block(struct ext4_ext_path *path) { int depth; BUG_ON(path == NULL); depth = path->p_depth; if (depth == 0 && path->p_ext == NULL) return EXT_MAX_BLOCKS; while (depth >= 0) { struct ext4_ext_path *p = &path[depth]; if (depth == path->p_depth) { /* leaf */ if (p->p_ext && p->p_ext != EXT_LAST_EXTENT(p->p_hdr)) return le32_to_cpu(p->p_ext[1].ee_block); } else { /* index */ if (p->p_idx != EXT_LAST_INDEX(p->p_hdr)) return le32_to_cpu(p->p_idx[1].ei_block); } depth--; } return EXT_MAX_BLOCKS; } /* * ext4_ext_next_leaf_block: * returns first allocated block from next leaf or EXT_MAX_BLOCKS */ static ext4_lblk_t ext4_ext_next_leaf_block(struct ext4_ext_path *path) { int depth; BUG_ON(path == NULL); depth = path->p_depth; /* zero-tree has no leaf blocks at all */ if (depth == 0) return EXT_MAX_BLOCKS; /* go to index block */ depth--; while (depth >= 0) { if (path[depth].p_idx != EXT_LAST_INDEX(path[depth].p_hdr)) return (ext4_lblk_t) le32_to_cpu(path[depth].p_idx[1].ei_block); depth--; } return EXT_MAX_BLOCKS; } /* * ext4_ext_correct_indexes: * if leaf gets modified and modified extent is first in the leaf, * then we have to correct all indexes above. * TODO: do we need to correct tree in all cases? */ static int ext4_ext_correct_indexes(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path) { struct ext4_extent_header *eh; int depth = ext_depth(inode); struct ext4_extent *ex; __le32 border; int k, err = 0; eh = path[depth].p_hdr; ex = path[depth].p_ext; if (unlikely(ex == NULL || eh == NULL)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "ex %p == NULL or eh %p == NULL", ex, eh); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } if (depth == 0) { /* there is no tree at all */ return 0; } if (ex != EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh)) { /* we correct tree if first leaf got modified only */ return 0; } /* * TODO: we need correction if border is smaller than current one */ k = depth - 1; border = path[depth].p_ext->ee_block; err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + k); if (err) return err; path[k].p_idx->ei_block = border; err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + k); if (err) return err; while (k--) { /* change all left-side indexes */ if (path[k+1].p_idx != EXT_FIRST_INDEX(path[k+1].p_hdr)) break; err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + k); if (err) break; path[k].p_idx->ei_block = border; err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + k); if (err) break; } return err; } static int ext4_can_extents_be_merged(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent *ex1, struct ext4_extent *ex2) { unsigned short ext1_ee_len, ext2_ee_len; if (ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex1) != ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex2)) return 0; ext1_ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex1); ext2_ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex2); if (le32_to_cpu(ex1->ee_block) + ext1_ee_len != le32_to_cpu(ex2->ee_block)) return 0; if (ext1_ee_len + ext2_ee_len > EXT_INIT_MAX_LEN) return 0; if (ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex1) && ext1_ee_len + ext2_ee_len > EXT_UNWRITTEN_MAX_LEN) return 0; #ifdef AGGRESSIVE_TEST if (ext1_ee_len >= 4) return 0; #endif if (ext4_ext_pblock(ex1) + ext1_ee_len == ext4_ext_pblock(ex2)) return 1; return 0; } /* * This function tries to merge the "ex" extent to the next extent in the tree. * It always tries to merge towards right. If you want to merge towards * left, pass "ex - 1" as argument instead of "ex". * Returns 0 if the extents (ex and ex+1) were _not_ merged and returns * 1 if they got merged. */ static int ext4_ext_try_to_merge_right(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path, struct ext4_extent *ex) { struct ext4_extent_header *eh; unsigned int depth, len; int merge_done = 0, unwritten; depth = ext_depth(inode); BUG_ON(path[depth].p_hdr == NULL); eh = path[depth].p_hdr; while (ex < EXT_LAST_EXTENT(eh)) { if (!ext4_can_extents_be_merged(inode, ex, ex + 1)) break; /* merge with next extent! */ unwritten = ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex); ex->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex) + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex + 1)); if (unwritten) ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(ex); if (ex + 1 < EXT_LAST_EXTENT(eh)) { len = (EXT_LAST_EXTENT(eh) - ex - 1) * sizeof(struct ext4_extent); memmove(ex + 1, ex + 2, len); } le16_add_cpu(&eh->eh_entries, -1); merge_done = 1; WARN_ON(eh->eh_entries == 0); if (!eh->eh_entries) EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "eh->eh_entries = 0!"); } return merge_done; } /* * This function does a very simple check to see if we can collapse * an extent tree with a single extent tree leaf block into the inode. */ static void ext4_ext_try_to_merge_up(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path) { size_t s; unsigned max_root = ext4_ext_space_root(inode, 0); ext4_fsblk_t blk; if ((path[0].p_depth != 1) || (le16_to_cpu(path[0].p_hdr->eh_entries) != 1) || (le16_to_cpu(path[1].p_hdr->eh_entries) > max_root)) return; /* * We need to modify the block allocation bitmap and the block * group descriptor to release the extent tree block. If we * can't get the journal credits, give up. */ if (ext4_journal_extend(handle, 2, ext4_free_metadata_revoke_credits(inode->i_sb, 1))) return; /* * Copy the extent data up to the inode */ blk = ext4_idx_pblock(path[0].p_idx); s = le16_to_cpu(path[1].p_hdr->eh_entries) * sizeof(struct ext4_extent_idx); s += sizeof(struct ext4_extent_header); path[1].p_maxdepth = path[0].p_maxdepth; memcpy(path[0].p_hdr, path[1].p_hdr, s); path[0].p_depth = 0; path[0].p_ext = EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(path[0].p_hdr) + (path[1].p_ext - EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(path[1].p_hdr)); path[0].p_hdr->eh_max = cpu_to_le16(max_root); brelse(path[1].p_bh); ext4_free_blocks(handle, inode, NULL, blk, 1, EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_METADATA | EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_FORGET); } /* * This function tries to merge the @ex extent to neighbours in the tree, then * tries to collapse the extent tree into the inode. */ static void ext4_ext_try_to_merge(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path, struct ext4_extent *ex) { struct ext4_extent_header *eh; unsigned int depth; int merge_done = 0; depth = ext_depth(inode); BUG_ON(path[depth].p_hdr == NULL); eh = path[depth].p_hdr; if (ex > EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh)) merge_done = ext4_ext_try_to_merge_right(inode, path, ex - 1); if (!merge_done) (void) ext4_ext_try_to_merge_right(inode, path, ex); ext4_ext_try_to_merge_up(handle, inode, path); } /* * check if a portion of the "newext" extent overlaps with an * existing extent. * * If there is an overlap discovered, it updates the length of the newext * such that there will be no overlap, and then returns 1. * If there is no overlap found, it returns 0. */ static unsigned int ext4_ext_check_overlap(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent *newext, struct ext4_ext_path *path) { ext4_lblk_t b1, b2; unsigned int depth, len1; unsigned int ret = 0; b1 = le32_to_cpu(newext->ee_block); len1 = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(newext); depth = ext_depth(inode); if (!path[depth].p_ext) goto out; b2 = EXT4_LBLK_CMASK(sbi, le32_to_cpu(path[depth].p_ext->ee_block)); /* * get the next allocated block if the extent in the path * is before the requested block(s) */ if (b2 < b1) { b2 = ext4_ext_next_allocated_block(path); if (b2 == EXT_MAX_BLOCKS) goto out; b2 = EXT4_LBLK_CMASK(sbi, b2); } /* check for wrap through zero on extent logical start block*/ if (b1 + len1 < b1) { len1 = EXT_MAX_BLOCKS - b1; newext->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(len1); ret = 1; } /* check for overlap */ if (b1 + len1 > b2) { newext->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(b2 - b1); ret = 1; } out: return ret; } /* * ext4_ext_insert_extent: * tries to merge requested extent into the existing extent or * inserts requested extent as new one into the tree, * creating new leaf in the no-space case. */ int ext4_ext_insert_extent(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path **ppath, struct ext4_extent *newext, int gb_flags) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = *ppath; struct ext4_extent_header *eh; struct ext4_extent *ex, *fex; struct ext4_extent *nearex; /* nearest extent */ struct ext4_ext_path *npath = NULL; int depth, len, err; ext4_lblk_t next; int mb_flags = 0, unwritten; if (gb_flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_DELALLOC_RESERVE) mb_flags |= EXT4_MB_DELALLOC_RESERVED; if (unlikely(ext4_ext_get_actual_len(newext) == 0)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "ext4_ext_get_actual_len(newext) == 0"); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } depth = ext_depth(inode); ex = path[depth].p_ext; eh = path[depth].p_hdr; if (unlikely(path[depth].p_hdr == NULL)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "path[%d].p_hdr == NULL", depth); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } /* try to insert block into found extent and return */ if (ex && !(gb_flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO)) { /* * Try to see whether we should rather test the extent on * right from ex, or from the left of ex. This is because * ext4_find_extent() can return either extent on the * left, or on the right from the searched position. This * will make merging more effective. */ if (ex < EXT_LAST_EXTENT(eh) && (le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex) < le32_to_cpu(newext->ee_block))) { ex += 1; goto prepend; } else if ((ex > EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh)) && (le32_to_cpu(newext->ee_block) + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(newext) < le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block))) ex -= 1; /* Try to append newex to the ex */ if (ext4_can_extents_be_merged(inode, ex, newext)) { ext_debug(inode, "append [%d]%d block to %u:[%d]%d" "(from %llu)\n", ext4_ext_is_unwritten(newext), ext4_ext_get_actual_len(newext), le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block), ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex), ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex), ext4_ext_pblock(ex)); err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) return err; unwritten = ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex); ex->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex) + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(newext)); if (unwritten) ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(ex); eh = path[depth].p_hdr; nearex = ex; goto merge; } prepend: /* Try to prepend newex to the ex */ if (ext4_can_extents_be_merged(inode, newext, ex)) { ext_debug(inode, "prepend %u[%d]%d block to %u:[%d]%d" "(from %llu)\n", le32_to_cpu(newext->ee_block), ext4_ext_is_unwritten(newext), ext4_ext_get_actual_len(newext), le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block), ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex), ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex), ext4_ext_pblock(ex)); err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) return err; unwritten = ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex); ex->ee_block = newext->ee_block; ext4_ext_store_pblock(ex, ext4_ext_pblock(newext)); ex->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex) + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(newext)); if (unwritten) ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(ex); eh = path[depth].p_hdr; nearex = ex; goto merge; } } depth = ext_depth(inode); eh = path[depth].p_hdr; if (le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_entries) < le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_max)) goto has_space; /* probably next leaf has space for us? */ fex = EXT_LAST_EXTENT(eh); next = EXT_MAX_BLOCKS; if (le32_to_cpu(newext->ee_block) > le32_to_cpu(fex->ee_block)) next = ext4_ext_next_leaf_block(path); if (next != EXT_MAX_BLOCKS) { ext_debug(inode, "next leaf block - %u\n", next); BUG_ON(npath != NULL); npath = ext4_find_extent(inode, next, NULL, gb_flags); if (IS_ERR(npath)) return PTR_ERR(npath); BUG_ON(npath->p_depth != path->p_depth); eh = npath[depth].p_hdr; if (le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_entries) < le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_max)) { ext_debug(inode, "next leaf isn't full(%d)\n", le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_entries)); path = npath; goto has_space; } ext_debug(inode, "next leaf has no free space(%d,%d)\n", le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_entries), le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_max)); } /* * There is no free space in the found leaf. * We're gonna add a new leaf in the tree. */ if (gb_flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_METADATA_NOFAIL) mb_flags |= EXT4_MB_USE_RESERVED; err = ext4_ext_create_new_leaf(handle, inode, mb_flags, gb_flags, ppath, newext); if (err) goto cleanup; depth = ext_depth(inode); eh = path[depth].p_hdr; has_space: nearex = path[depth].p_ext; err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto cleanup; if (!nearex) { /* there is no extent in this leaf, create first one */ ext_debug(inode, "first extent in the leaf: %u:%llu:[%d]%d\n", le32_to_cpu(newext->ee_block), ext4_ext_pblock(newext), ext4_ext_is_unwritten(newext), ext4_ext_get_actual_len(newext)); nearex = EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh); } else { if (le32_to_cpu(newext->ee_block) > le32_to_cpu(nearex->ee_block)) { /* Insert after */ ext_debug(inode, "insert %u:%llu:[%d]%d before: " "nearest %p\n", le32_to_cpu(newext->ee_block), ext4_ext_pblock(newext), ext4_ext_is_unwritten(newext), ext4_ext_get_actual_len(newext), nearex); nearex++; } else { /* Insert before */ BUG_ON(newext->ee_block == nearex->ee_block); ext_debug(inode, "insert %u:%llu:[%d]%d after: " "nearest %p\n", le32_to_cpu(newext->ee_block), ext4_ext_pblock(newext), ext4_ext_is_unwritten(newext), ext4_ext_get_actual_len(newext), nearex); } len = EXT_LAST_EXTENT(eh) - nearex + 1; if (len > 0) { ext_debug(inode, "insert %u:%llu:[%d]%d: " "move %d extents from 0x%p to 0x%p\n", le32_to_cpu(newext->ee_block), ext4_ext_pblock(newext), ext4_ext_is_unwritten(newext), ext4_ext_get_actual_len(newext), len, nearex, nearex + 1); memmove(nearex + 1, nearex, len * sizeof(struct ext4_extent)); } } le16_add_cpu(&eh->eh_entries, 1); path[depth].p_ext = nearex; nearex->ee_block = newext->ee_block; ext4_ext_store_pblock(nearex, ext4_ext_pblock(newext)); nearex->ee_len = newext->ee_len; merge: /* try to merge extents */ if (!(gb_flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO)) ext4_ext_try_to_merge(handle, inode, path, nearex); /* time to correct all indexes above */ err = ext4_ext_correct_indexes(handle, inode, path); if (err) goto cleanup; err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + path->p_depth); cleanup: ext4_ext_drop_refs(npath); kfree(npath); return err; } static int ext4_fill_es_cache_info(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t block, ext4_lblk_t num, struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo) { ext4_lblk_t next, end = block + num - 1; struct extent_status es; unsigned char blksize_bits = inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits; unsigned int flags; int err; while (block <= end) { next = 0; flags = 0; if (!ext4_es_lookup_extent(inode, block, &next, &es)) break; if (ext4_es_is_unwritten(&es)) flags |= FIEMAP_EXTENT_UNWRITTEN; if (ext4_es_is_delayed(&es)) flags |= (FIEMAP_EXTENT_DELALLOC | FIEMAP_EXTENT_UNKNOWN); if (ext4_es_is_hole(&es)) flags |= EXT4_FIEMAP_EXTENT_HOLE; if (next == 0) flags |= FIEMAP_EXTENT_LAST; if (flags & (FIEMAP_EXTENT_DELALLOC| EXT4_FIEMAP_EXTENT_HOLE)) es.es_pblk = 0; else es.es_pblk = ext4_es_pblock(&es); err = fiemap_fill_next_extent(fieinfo, (__u64)es.es_lblk << blksize_bits, (__u64)es.es_pblk << blksize_bits, (__u64)es.es_len << blksize_bits, flags); if (next == 0) break; block = next; if (err < 0) return err; if (err == 1) return 0; } return 0; } /* * ext4_ext_determine_hole - determine hole around given block * @inode: inode we lookup in * @path: path in extent tree to @lblk * @lblk: pointer to logical block around which we want to determine hole * * Determine hole length (and start if easily possible) around given logical * block. We don't try too hard to find the beginning of the hole but @path * actually points to extent before @lblk, we provide it. * * The function returns the length of a hole starting at @lblk. We update @lblk * to the beginning of the hole if we managed to find it. */ static ext4_lblk_t ext4_ext_determine_hole(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path, ext4_lblk_t *lblk) { int depth = ext_depth(inode); struct ext4_extent *ex; ext4_lblk_t len; ex = path[depth].p_ext; if (ex == NULL) { /* there is no extent yet, so gap is [0;-] */ *lblk = 0; len = EXT_MAX_BLOCKS; } else if (*lblk < le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block)) { len = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) - *lblk; } else if (*lblk >= le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex)) { ext4_lblk_t next; *lblk = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); next = ext4_ext_next_allocated_block(path); BUG_ON(next == *lblk); len = next - *lblk; } else { BUG(); } return len; } /* * ext4_ext_put_gap_in_cache: * calculate boundaries of the gap that the requested block fits into * and cache this gap */ static void ext4_ext_put_gap_in_cache(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t hole_start, ext4_lblk_t hole_len) { struct extent_status es; ext4_es_find_extent_range(inode, &ext4_es_is_delayed, hole_start, hole_start + hole_len - 1, &es); if (es.es_len) { /* There's delayed extent containing lblock? */ if (es.es_lblk <= hole_start) return; hole_len = min(es.es_lblk - hole_start, hole_len); } ext_debug(inode, " -> %u:%u\n", hole_start, hole_len); ext4_es_insert_extent(inode, hole_start, hole_len, ~0, EXTENT_STATUS_HOLE); } /* * ext4_ext_rm_idx: * removes index from the index block. */ static int ext4_ext_rm_idx(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path, int depth) { int err; ext4_fsblk_t leaf; /* free index block */ depth--; path = path + depth; leaf = ext4_idx_pblock(path->p_idx); if (unlikely(path->p_hdr->eh_entries == 0)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "path->p_hdr->eh_entries == 0"); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path); if (err) return err; if (path->p_idx != EXT_LAST_INDEX(path->p_hdr)) { int len = EXT_LAST_INDEX(path->p_hdr) - path->p_idx; len *= sizeof(struct ext4_extent_idx); memmove(path->p_idx, path->p_idx + 1, len); } le16_add_cpu(&path->p_hdr->eh_entries, -1); err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path); if (err) return err; ext_debug(inode, "index is empty, remove it, free block %llu\n", leaf); trace_ext4_ext_rm_idx(inode, leaf); ext4_free_blocks(handle, inode, NULL, leaf, 1, EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_METADATA | EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_FORGET); while (--depth >= 0) { if (path->p_idx != EXT_FIRST_INDEX(path->p_hdr)) break; path--; err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path); if (err) break; path->p_idx->ei_block = (path+1)->p_idx->ei_block; err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path); if (err) break; } return err; } /* * ext4_ext_calc_credits_for_single_extent: * This routine returns max. credits that needed to insert an extent * to the extent tree. * When pass the actual path, the caller should calculate credits * under i_data_sem. */ int ext4_ext_calc_credits_for_single_extent(struct inode *inode, int nrblocks, struct ext4_ext_path *path) { if (path) { int depth = ext_depth(inode); int ret = 0; /* probably there is space in leaf? */ if (le16_to_cpu(path[depth].p_hdr->eh_entries) < le16_to_cpu(path[depth].p_hdr->eh_max)) { /* * There are some space in the leaf tree, no * need to account for leaf block credit * * bitmaps and block group descriptor blocks * and other metadata blocks still need to be * accounted. */ /* 1 bitmap, 1 block group descriptor */ ret = 2 + EXT4_META_TRANS_BLOCKS(inode->i_sb); return ret; } } return ext4_chunk_trans_blocks(inode, nrblocks); } /* * How many index/leaf blocks need to change/allocate to add @extents extents? * * If we add a single extent, then in the worse case, each tree level * index/leaf need to be changed in case of the tree split. * * If more extents are inserted, they could cause the whole tree split more * than once, but this is really rare. */ int ext4_ext_index_trans_blocks(struct inode *inode, int extents) { int index; int depth; /* If we are converting the inline data, only one is needed here. */ if (ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) return 1; depth = ext_depth(inode); if (extents <= 1) index = depth * 2; else index = depth * 3; return index; } static inline int get_default_free_blocks_flags(struct inode *inode) { if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode) || S_ISLNK(inode->i_mode) || ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EA_INODE)) return EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_METADATA | EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_FORGET; else if (ext4_should_journal_data(inode)) return EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_FORGET; return 0; } /* * ext4_rereserve_cluster - increment the reserved cluster count when * freeing a cluster with a pending reservation * * @inode - file containing the cluster * @lblk - logical block in cluster to be reserved * * Increments the reserved cluster count and adjusts quota in a bigalloc * file system when freeing a partial cluster containing at least one * delayed and unwritten block. A partial cluster meeting that * requirement will have a pending reservation. If so, the * RERESERVE_CLUSTER flag is used when calling ext4_free_blocks() to * defer reserved and allocated space accounting to a subsequent call * to this function. */ static void ext4_rereserve_cluster(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); dquot_reclaim_block(inode, EXT4_C2B(sbi, 1)); spin_lock(&ei->i_block_reservation_lock); ei->i_reserved_data_blocks++; percpu_counter_add(&sbi->s_dirtyclusters_counter, 1); spin_unlock(&ei->i_block_reservation_lock); percpu_counter_add(&sbi->s_freeclusters_counter, 1); ext4_remove_pending(inode, lblk); } static int ext4_remove_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent *ex, struct partial_cluster *partial, ext4_lblk_t from, ext4_lblk_t to) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); unsigned short ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); ext4_fsblk_t last_pblk, pblk; ext4_lblk_t num; int flags; /* only extent tail removal is allowed */ if (from < le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) || to != le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) + ee_len - 1) { ext4_error(sbi->s_sb, "strange request: removal(2) %u-%u from %u:%u", from, to, le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block), ee_len); return 0; } #ifdef EXTENTS_STATS spin_lock(&sbi->s_ext_stats_lock); sbi->s_ext_blocks += ee_len; sbi->s_ext_extents++; if (ee_len < sbi->s_ext_min) sbi->s_ext_min = ee_len; if (ee_len > sbi->s_ext_max) sbi->s_ext_max = ee_len; if (ext_depth(inode) > sbi->s_depth_max) sbi->s_depth_max = ext_depth(inode); spin_unlock(&sbi->s_ext_stats_lock); #endif trace_ext4_remove_blocks(inode, ex, from, to, partial); /* * if we have a partial cluster, and it's different from the * cluster of the last block in the extent, we free it */ last_pblk = ext4_ext_pblock(ex) + ee_len - 1; if (partial->state != initial && partial->pclu != EXT4_B2C(sbi, last_pblk)) { if (partial->state == tofree) { flags = get_default_free_blocks_flags(inode); if (ext4_is_pending(inode, partial->lblk)) flags |= EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_RERESERVE_CLUSTER; ext4_free_blocks(handle, inode, NULL, EXT4_C2B(sbi, partial->pclu), sbi->s_cluster_ratio, flags); if (flags & EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_RERESERVE_CLUSTER) ext4_rereserve_cluster(inode, partial->lblk); } partial->state = initial; } num = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) + ee_len - from; pblk = ext4_ext_pblock(ex) + ee_len - num; /* * We free the partial cluster at the end of the extent (if any), * unless the cluster is used by another extent (partial_cluster * state is nofree). If a partial cluster exists here, it must be * shared with the last block in the extent. */ flags = get_default_free_blocks_flags(inode); /* partial, left end cluster aligned, right end unaligned */ if ((EXT4_LBLK_COFF(sbi, to) != sbi->s_cluster_ratio - 1) && (EXT4_LBLK_CMASK(sbi, to) >= from) && (partial->state != nofree)) { if (ext4_is_pending(inode, to)) flags |= EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_RERESERVE_CLUSTER; ext4_free_blocks(handle, inode, NULL, EXT4_PBLK_CMASK(sbi, last_pblk), sbi->s_cluster_ratio, flags); if (flags & EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_RERESERVE_CLUSTER) ext4_rereserve_cluster(inode, to); partial->state = initial; flags = get_default_free_blocks_flags(inode); } flags |= EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_NOFREE_LAST_CLUSTER; /* * For bigalloc file systems, we never free a partial cluster * at the beginning of the extent. Instead, we check to see if we * need to free it on a subsequent call to ext4_remove_blocks, * or at the end of ext4_ext_rm_leaf or ext4_ext_remove_space. */ flags |= EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_NOFREE_FIRST_CLUSTER; ext4_free_blocks(handle, inode, NULL, pblk, num, flags); /* reset the partial cluster if we've freed past it */ if (partial->state != initial && partial->pclu != EXT4_B2C(sbi, pblk)) partial->state = initial; /* * If we've freed the entire extent but the beginning is not left * cluster aligned and is not marked as ineligible for freeing we * record the partial cluster at the beginning of the extent. It * wasn't freed by the preceding ext4_free_blocks() call, and we * need to look farther to the left to determine if it's to be freed * (not shared with another extent). Else, reset the partial * cluster - we're either done freeing or the beginning of the * extent is left cluster aligned. */ if (EXT4_LBLK_COFF(sbi, from) && num == ee_len) { if (partial->state == initial) { partial->pclu = EXT4_B2C(sbi, pblk); partial->lblk = from; partial->state = tofree; } } else { partial->state = initial; } return 0; } /* * ext4_ext_rm_leaf() Removes the extents associated with the * blocks appearing between "start" and "end". Both "start" * and "end" must appear in the same extent or EIO is returned. * * @handle: The journal handle * @inode: The files inode * @path: The path to the leaf * @partial_cluster: The cluster which we'll have to free if all extents * has been released from it. However, if this value is * negative, it's a cluster just to the right of the * punched region and it must not be freed. * @start: The first block to remove * @end: The last block to remove */ static int ext4_ext_rm_leaf(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path *path, struct partial_cluster *partial, ext4_lblk_t start, ext4_lblk_t end) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); int err = 0, correct_index = 0; int depth = ext_depth(inode), credits, revoke_credits; struct ext4_extent_header *eh; ext4_lblk_t a, b; unsigned num; ext4_lblk_t ex_ee_block; unsigned short ex_ee_len; unsigned unwritten = 0; struct ext4_extent *ex; ext4_fsblk_t pblk; /* the header must be checked already in ext4_ext_remove_space() */ ext_debug(inode, "truncate since %u in leaf to %u\n", start, end); if (!path[depth].p_hdr) path[depth].p_hdr = ext_block_hdr(path[depth].p_bh); eh = path[depth].p_hdr; if (unlikely(path[depth].p_hdr == NULL)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "path[%d].p_hdr == NULL", depth); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } /* find where to start removing */ ex = path[depth].p_ext; if (!ex) ex = EXT_LAST_EXTENT(eh); ex_ee_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); ex_ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); trace_ext4_ext_rm_leaf(inode, start, ex, partial); while (ex >= EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh) && ex_ee_block + ex_ee_len > start) { if (ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex)) unwritten = 1; else unwritten = 0; ext_debug(inode, "remove ext %u:[%d]%d\n", ex_ee_block, unwritten, ex_ee_len); path[depth].p_ext = ex; a = ex_ee_block > start ? ex_ee_block : start; b = ex_ee_block+ex_ee_len - 1 < end ? ex_ee_block+ex_ee_len - 1 : end; ext_debug(inode, " border %u:%u\n", a, b); /* If this extent is beyond the end of the hole, skip it */ if (end < ex_ee_block) { /* * We're going to skip this extent and move to another, * so note that its first cluster is in use to avoid * freeing it when removing blocks. Eventually, the * right edge of the truncated/punched region will * be just to the left. */ if (sbi->s_cluster_ratio > 1) { pblk = ext4_ext_pblock(ex); partial->pclu = EXT4_B2C(sbi, pblk); partial->state = nofree; } ex--; ex_ee_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); ex_ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); continue; } else if (b != ex_ee_block + ex_ee_len - 1) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "can not handle truncate %u:%u " "on extent %u:%u", start, end, ex_ee_block, ex_ee_block + ex_ee_len - 1); err = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto out; } else if (a != ex_ee_block) { /* remove tail of the extent */ num = a - ex_ee_block; } else { /* remove whole extent: excellent! */ num = 0; } /* * 3 for leaf, sb, and inode plus 2 (bmap and group * descriptor) for each block group; assume two block * groups plus ex_ee_len/blocks_per_block_group for * the worst case */ credits = 7 + 2*(ex_ee_len/EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(inode->i_sb)); if (ex == EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh)) { correct_index = 1; credits += (ext_depth(inode)) + 1; } credits += EXT4_MAXQUOTAS_TRANS_BLOCKS(inode->i_sb); /* * We may end up freeing some index blocks and data from the * punched range. Note that partial clusters are accounted for * by ext4_free_data_revoke_credits(). */ revoke_credits = ext4_free_metadata_revoke_credits(inode->i_sb, ext_depth(inode)) + ext4_free_data_revoke_credits(inode, b - a + 1); err = ext4_datasem_ensure_credits(handle, inode, credits, credits, revoke_credits); if (err) { if (err > 0) err = -EAGAIN; goto out; } err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto out; err = ext4_remove_blocks(handle, inode, ex, partial, a, b); if (err) goto out; if (num == 0) /* this extent is removed; mark slot entirely unused */ ext4_ext_store_pblock(ex, 0); ex->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(num); /* * Do not mark unwritten if all the blocks in the * extent have been removed. */ if (unwritten && num) ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(ex); /* * If the extent was completely released, * we need to remove it from the leaf */ if (num == 0) { if (end != EXT_MAX_BLOCKS - 1) { /* * For hole punching, we need to scoot all the * extents up when an extent is removed so that * we dont have blank extents in the middle */ memmove(ex, ex+1, (EXT_LAST_EXTENT(eh) - ex) * sizeof(struct ext4_extent)); /* Now get rid of the one at the end */ memset(EXT_LAST_EXTENT(eh), 0, sizeof(struct ext4_extent)); } le16_add_cpu(&eh->eh_entries, -1); } err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto out; ext_debug(inode, "new extent: %u:%u:%llu\n", ex_ee_block, num, ext4_ext_pblock(ex)); ex--; ex_ee_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); ex_ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); } if (correct_index && eh->eh_entries) err = ext4_ext_correct_indexes(handle, inode, path); /* * If there's a partial cluster and at least one extent remains in * the leaf, free the partial cluster if it isn't shared with the * current extent. If it is shared with the current extent * we reset the partial cluster because we've reached the start of the * truncated/punched region and we're done removing blocks. */ if (partial->state == tofree && ex >= EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh)) { pblk = ext4_ext_pblock(ex) + ex_ee_len - 1; if (partial->pclu != EXT4_B2C(sbi, pblk)) { int flags = get_default_free_blocks_flags(inode); if (ext4_is_pending(inode, partial->lblk)) flags |= EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_RERESERVE_CLUSTER; ext4_free_blocks(handle, inode, NULL, EXT4_C2B(sbi, partial->pclu), sbi->s_cluster_ratio, flags); if (flags & EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_RERESERVE_CLUSTER) ext4_rereserve_cluster(inode, partial->lblk); } partial->state = initial; } /* if this leaf is free, then we should * remove it from index block above */ if (err == 0 && eh->eh_entries == 0 && path[depth].p_bh != NULL) err = ext4_ext_rm_idx(handle, inode, path, depth); out: return err; } /* * ext4_ext_more_to_rm: * returns 1 if current index has to be freed (even partial) */ static int ext4_ext_more_to_rm(struct ext4_ext_path *path) { BUG_ON(path->p_idx == NULL); if (path->p_idx < EXT_FIRST_INDEX(path->p_hdr)) return 0; /* * if truncate on deeper level happened, it wasn't partial, * so we have to consider current index for truncation */ if (le16_to_cpu(path->p_hdr->eh_entries) == path->p_block) return 0; return 1; } int ext4_ext_remove_space(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t start, ext4_lblk_t end) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); int depth = ext_depth(inode); struct ext4_ext_path *path = NULL; struct partial_cluster partial; handle_t *handle; int i = 0, err = 0; partial.pclu = 0; partial.lblk = 0; partial.state = initial; ext_debug(inode, "truncate since %u to %u\n", start, end); /* probably first extent we're gonna free will be last in block */ handle = ext4_journal_start_with_revoke(inode, EXT4_HT_TRUNCATE, depth + 1, ext4_free_metadata_revoke_credits(inode->i_sb, depth)); if (IS_ERR(handle)) return PTR_ERR(handle); again: trace_ext4_ext_remove_space(inode, start, end, depth); /* * Check if we are removing extents inside the extent tree. If that * is the case, we are going to punch a hole inside the extent tree * so we have to check whether we need to split the extent covering * the last block to remove so we can easily remove the part of it * in ext4_ext_rm_leaf(). */ if (end < EXT_MAX_BLOCKS - 1) { struct ext4_extent *ex; ext4_lblk_t ee_block, ex_end, lblk; ext4_fsblk_t pblk; /* find extent for or closest extent to this block */ path = ext4_find_extent(inode, end, NULL, EXT4_EX_NOCACHE | EXT4_EX_NOFAIL); if (IS_ERR(path)) { ext4_journal_stop(handle); return PTR_ERR(path); } depth = ext_depth(inode); /* Leaf not may not exist only if inode has no blocks at all */ ex = path[depth].p_ext; if (!ex) { if (depth) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "path[%d].p_hdr == NULL", depth); err = -EFSCORRUPTED; } goto out; } ee_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); ex_end = ee_block + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex) - 1; /* * See if the last block is inside the extent, if so split * the extent at 'end' block so we can easily remove the * tail of the first part of the split extent in * ext4_ext_rm_leaf(). */ if (end >= ee_block && end < ex_end) { /* * If we're going to split the extent, note that * the cluster containing the block after 'end' is * in use to avoid freeing it when removing blocks. */ if (sbi->s_cluster_ratio > 1) { pblk = ext4_ext_pblock(ex) + end - ee_block + 1; partial.pclu = EXT4_B2C(sbi, pblk); partial.state = nofree; } /* * Split the extent in two so that 'end' is the last * block in the first new extent. Also we should not * fail removing space due to ENOSPC so try to use * reserved block if that happens. */ err = ext4_force_split_extent_at(handle, inode, &path, end + 1, 1); if (err < 0) goto out; } else if (sbi->s_cluster_ratio > 1 && end >= ex_end && partial.state == initial) { /* * If we're punching, there's an extent to the right. * If the partial cluster hasn't been set, set it to * that extent's first cluster and its state to nofree * so it won't be freed should it contain blocks to be * removed. If it's already set (tofree/nofree), we're * retrying and keep the original partial cluster info * so a cluster marked tofree as a result of earlier * extent removal is not lost. */ lblk = ex_end + 1; err = ext4_ext_search_right(inode, path, &lblk, &pblk, NULL); if (err < 0) goto out; if (pblk) { partial.pclu = EXT4_B2C(sbi, pblk); partial.state = nofree; } } } /* * We start scanning from right side, freeing all the blocks * after i_size and walking into the tree depth-wise. */ depth = ext_depth(inode); if (path) { int k = i = depth; while (--k > 0) path[k].p_block = le16_to_cpu(path[k].p_hdr->eh_entries)+1; } else { path = kcalloc(depth + 1, sizeof(struct ext4_ext_path), GFP_NOFS | __GFP_NOFAIL); if (path == NULL) { ext4_journal_stop(handle); return -ENOMEM; } path[0].p_maxdepth = path[0].p_depth = depth; path[0].p_hdr = ext_inode_hdr(inode); i = 0; if (ext4_ext_check(inode, path[0].p_hdr, depth, 0)) { err = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto out; } } err = 0; while (i >= 0 && err == 0) { if (i == depth) { /* this is leaf block */ err = ext4_ext_rm_leaf(handle, inode, path, &partial, start, end); /* root level has p_bh == NULL, brelse() eats this */ brelse(path[i].p_bh); path[i].p_bh = NULL; i--; continue; } /* this is index block */ if (!path[i].p_hdr) { ext_debug(inode, "initialize header\n"); path[i].p_hdr = ext_block_hdr(path[i].p_bh); } if (!path[i].p_idx) { /* this level hasn't been touched yet */ path[i].p_idx = EXT_LAST_INDEX(path[i].p_hdr); path[i].p_block = le16_to_cpu(path[i].p_hdr->eh_entries)+1; ext_debug(inode, "init index ptr: hdr 0x%p, num %d\n", path[i].p_hdr, le16_to_cpu(path[i].p_hdr->eh_entries)); } else { /* we were already here, see at next index */ path[i].p_idx--; } ext_debug(inode, "level %d - index, first 0x%p, cur 0x%p\n", i, EXT_FIRST_INDEX(path[i].p_hdr), path[i].p_idx); if (ext4_ext_more_to_rm(path + i)) { struct buffer_head *bh; /* go to the next level */ ext_debug(inode, "move to level %d (block %llu)\n", i + 1, ext4_idx_pblock(path[i].p_idx)); memset(path + i + 1, 0, sizeof(*path)); bh = read_extent_tree_block(inode, path[i].p_idx, depth - i - 1, EXT4_EX_NOCACHE); if (IS_ERR(bh)) { /* should we reset i_size? */ err = PTR_ERR(bh); break; } /* Yield here to deal with large extent trees. * Should be a no-op if we did IO above. */ cond_resched(); if (WARN_ON(i + 1 > depth)) { err = -EFSCORRUPTED; break; } path[i + 1].p_bh = bh; /* save actual number of indexes since this * number is changed at the next iteration */ path[i].p_block = le16_to_cpu(path[i].p_hdr->eh_entries); i++; } else { /* we finished processing this index, go up */ if (path[i].p_hdr->eh_entries == 0 && i > 0) { /* index is empty, remove it; * handle must be already prepared by the * truncatei_leaf() */ err = ext4_ext_rm_idx(handle, inode, path, i); } /* root level has p_bh == NULL, brelse() eats this */ brelse(path[i].p_bh); path[i].p_bh = NULL; i--; ext_debug(inode, "return to level %d\n", i); } } trace_ext4_ext_remove_space_done(inode, start, end, depth, &partial, path->p_hdr->eh_entries); /* * if there's a partial cluster and we have removed the first extent * in the file, then we also free the partial cluster, if any */ if (partial.state == tofree && err == 0) { int flags = get_default_free_blocks_flags(inode); if (ext4_is_pending(inode, partial.lblk)) flags |= EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_RERESERVE_CLUSTER; ext4_free_blocks(handle, inode, NULL, EXT4_C2B(sbi, partial.pclu), sbi->s_cluster_ratio, flags); if (flags & EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_RERESERVE_CLUSTER) ext4_rereserve_cluster(inode, partial.lblk); partial.state = initial; } /* TODO: flexible tree reduction should be here */ if (path->p_hdr->eh_entries == 0) { /* * truncate to zero freed all the tree, * so we need to correct eh_depth */ err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path); if (err == 0) { ext_inode_hdr(inode)->eh_depth = 0; ext_inode_hdr(inode)->eh_max = cpu_to_le16(ext4_ext_space_root(inode, 0)); err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path); } } out: ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); path = NULL; if (err == -EAGAIN) goto again; ext4_journal_stop(handle); return err; } /* * called at mount time */ void ext4_ext_init(struct super_block *sb) { /* * possible initialization would be here */ if (ext4_has_feature_extents(sb)) { #if defined(AGGRESSIVE_TEST) || defined(CHECK_BINSEARCH) || defined(EXTENTS_STATS) printk(KERN_INFO "EXT4-fs: file extents enabled" #ifdef AGGRESSIVE_TEST ", aggressive tests" #endif #ifdef CHECK_BINSEARCH ", check binsearch" #endif #ifdef EXTENTS_STATS ", stats" #endif "\n"); #endif #ifdef EXTENTS_STATS spin_lock_init(&EXT4_SB(sb)->s_ext_stats_lock); EXT4_SB(sb)->s_ext_min = 1 << 30; EXT4_SB(sb)->s_ext_max = 0; #endif } } /* * called at umount time */ void ext4_ext_release(struct super_block *sb) { if (!ext4_has_feature_extents(sb)) return; #ifdef EXTENTS_STATS if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_ext_blocks && EXT4_SB(sb)->s_ext_extents) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); printk(KERN_ERR "EXT4-fs: %lu blocks in %lu extents (%lu ave)\n", sbi->s_ext_blocks, sbi->s_ext_extents, sbi->s_ext_blocks / sbi->s_ext_extents); printk(KERN_ERR "EXT4-fs: extents: %lu min, %lu max, max depth %lu\n", sbi->s_ext_min, sbi->s_ext_max, sbi->s_depth_max); } #endif } static int ext4_zeroout_es(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent *ex) { ext4_lblk_t ee_block; ext4_fsblk_t ee_pblock; unsigned int ee_len; ee_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); ee_pblock = ext4_ext_pblock(ex); if (ee_len == 0) return 0; return ext4_es_insert_extent(inode, ee_block, ee_len, ee_pblock, EXTENT_STATUS_WRITTEN); } /* FIXME!! we need to try to merge to left or right after zero-out */ static int ext4_ext_zeroout(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_extent *ex) { ext4_fsblk_t ee_pblock; unsigned int ee_len; ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); ee_pblock = ext4_ext_pblock(ex); return ext4_issue_zeroout(inode, le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block), ee_pblock, ee_len); } /* * ext4_split_extent_at() splits an extent at given block. * * @handle: the journal handle * @inode: the file inode * @path: the path to the extent * @split: the logical block where the extent is splitted. * @split_flags: indicates if the extent could be zeroout if split fails, and * the states(init or unwritten) of new extents. * @flags: flags used to insert new extent to extent tree. * * * Splits extent [a, b] into two extents [a, @split) and [@split, b], states * of which are determined by split_flag. * * There are two cases: * a> the extent are splitted into two extent. * b> split is not needed, and just mark the extent. * * return 0 on success. */ static int ext4_split_extent_at(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path **ppath, ext4_lblk_t split, int split_flag, int flags) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = *ppath; ext4_fsblk_t newblock; ext4_lblk_t ee_block; struct ext4_extent *ex, newex, orig_ex, zero_ex; struct ext4_extent *ex2 = NULL; unsigned int ee_len, depth; int err = 0; BUG_ON((split_flag & (EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID1 | EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID2)) == (EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID1 | EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID2)); ext_debug(inode, "logical block %llu\n", (unsigned long long)split); ext4_ext_show_leaf(inode, path); depth = ext_depth(inode); ex = path[depth].p_ext; ee_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); newblock = split - ee_block + ext4_ext_pblock(ex); BUG_ON(split < ee_block || split >= (ee_block + ee_len)); BUG_ON(!ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex) && split_flag & (EXT4_EXT_MAY_ZEROOUT | EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT1 | EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT2)); err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto out; if (split == ee_block) { /* * case b: block @split is the block that the extent begins with * then we just change the state of the extent, and splitting * is not needed. */ if (split_flag & EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT2) ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(ex); else ext4_ext_mark_initialized(ex); if (!(flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO)) ext4_ext_try_to_merge(handle, inode, path, ex); err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + path->p_depth); goto out; } /* case a */ memcpy(&orig_ex, ex, sizeof(orig_ex)); ex->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(split - ee_block); if (split_flag & EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT1) ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(ex); /* * path may lead to new leaf, not to original leaf any more * after ext4_ext_insert_extent() returns, */ err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto fix_extent_len; ex2 = &newex; ex2->ee_block = cpu_to_le32(split); ex2->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(ee_len - (split - ee_block)); ext4_ext_store_pblock(ex2, newblock); if (split_flag & EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT2) ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(ex2); err = ext4_ext_insert_extent(handle, inode, ppath, &newex, flags); if (err != -ENOSPC && err != -EDQUOT) goto out; if (EXT4_EXT_MAY_ZEROOUT & split_flag) { if (split_flag & (EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID1|EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID2)) { if (split_flag & EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID1) { err = ext4_ext_zeroout(inode, ex2); zero_ex.ee_block = ex2->ee_block; zero_ex.ee_len = cpu_to_le16( ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex2)); ext4_ext_store_pblock(&zero_ex, ext4_ext_pblock(ex2)); } else { err = ext4_ext_zeroout(inode, ex); zero_ex.ee_block = ex->ee_block; zero_ex.ee_len = cpu_to_le16( ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex)); ext4_ext_store_pblock(&zero_ex, ext4_ext_pblock(ex)); } } else { err = ext4_ext_zeroout(inode, &orig_ex); zero_ex.ee_block = orig_ex.ee_block; zero_ex.ee_len = cpu_to_le16( ext4_ext_get_actual_len(&orig_ex)); ext4_ext_store_pblock(&zero_ex, ext4_ext_pblock(&orig_ex)); } if (!err) { /* update the extent length and mark as initialized */ ex->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(ee_len); ext4_ext_try_to_merge(handle, inode, path, ex); err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + path->p_depth); if (!err) /* update extent status tree */ err = ext4_zeroout_es(inode, &zero_ex); /* If we failed at this point, we don't know in which * state the extent tree exactly is so don't try to fix * length of the original extent as it may do even more * damage. */ goto out; } } fix_extent_len: ex->ee_len = orig_ex.ee_len; /* * Ignore ext4_ext_dirty return value since we are already in error path * and err is a non-zero error code. */ ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + path->p_depth); return err; out: ext4_ext_show_leaf(inode, path); return err; } /* * ext4_split_extents() splits an extent and mark extent which is covered * by @map as split_flags indicates * * It may result in splitting the extent into multiple extents (up to three) * There are three possibilities: * a> There is no split required * b> Splits in two extents: Split is happening at either end of the extent * c> Splits in three extents: Somone is splitting in middle of the extent * */ static int ext4_split_extent(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_ext_path **ppath, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, int split_flag, int flags) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = *ppath; ext4_lblk_t ee_block; struct ext4_extent *ex; unsigned int ee_len, depth; int err = 0; int unwritten; int split_flag1, flags1; int allocated = map->m_len; depth = ext_depth(inode); ex = path[depth].p_ext; ee_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); unwritten = ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex); if (map->m_lblk + map->m_len < ee_block + ee_len) { split_flag1 = split_flag & EXT4_EXT_MAY_ZEROOUT; flags1 = flags | EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO; if (unwritten) split_flag1 |= EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT1 | EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT2; if (split_flag & EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID2) split_flag1 |= EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID1; err = ext4_split_extent_at(handle, inode, ppath, map->m_lblk + map->m_len, split_flag1, flags1); if (err) goto out; } else { allocated = ee_len - (map->m_lblk - ee_block); } /* * Update path is required because previous ext4_split_extent_at() may * result in split of original leaf or extent zeroout. */ path = ext4_find_extent(inode, map->m_lblk, ppath, flags); if (IS_ERR(path)) return PTR_ERR(path); depth = ext_depth(inode); ex = path[depth].p_ext; if (!ex) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "unexpected hole at %lu", (unsigned long) map->m_lblk); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } unwritten = ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex); split_flag1 = 0; if (map->m_lblk >= ee_block) { split_flag1 = split_flag & EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID2; if (unwritten) { split_flag1 |= EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT1; split_flag1 |= split_flag & (EXT4_EXT_MAY_ZEROOUT | EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT2); } err = ext4_split_extent_at(handle, inode, ppath, map->m_lblk, split_flag1, flags); if (err) goto out; } ext4_ext_show_leaf(inode, path); out: return err ? err : allocated; } /* * This function is called by ext4_ext_map_blocks() if someone tries to write * to an unwritten extent. It may result in splitting the unwritten * extent into multiple extents (up to three - one initialized and two * unwritten). * There are three possibilities: * a> There is no split required: Entire extent should be initialized * b> Splits in two extents: Write is happening at either end of the extent * c> Splits in three extents: Somone is writing in middle of the extent * * Pre-conditions: * - The extent pointed to by 'path' is unwritten. * - The extent pointed to by 'path' contains a superset * of the logical span [map->m_lblk, map->m_lblk + map->m_len). * * Post-conditions on success: * - the returned value is the number of blocks beyond map->l_lblk * that are allocated and initialized. * It is guaranteed to be >= map->m_len. */ static int ext4_ext_convert_to_initialized(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, struct ext4_ext_path **ppath, int flags) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = *ppath; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi; struct ext4_extent_header *eh; struct ext4_map_blocks split_map; struct ext4_extent zero_ex1, zero_ex2; struct ext4_extent *ex, *abut_ex; ext4_lblk_t ee_block, eof_block; unsigned int ee_len, depth, map_len = map->m_len; int allocated = 0, max_zeroout = 0; int err = 0; int split_flag = EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID2; ext_debug(inode, "logical block %llu, max_blocks %u\n", (unsigned long long)map->m_lblk, map_len); sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); eof_block = (EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize + inode->i_sb->s_blocksize - 1) >> inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits; if (eof_block < map->m_lblk + map_len) eof_block = map->m_lblk + map_len; depth = ext_depth(inode); eh = path[depth].p_hdr; ex = path[depth].p_ext; ee_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); zero_ex1.ee_len = 0; zero_ex2.ee_len = 0; trace_ext4_ext_convert_to_initialized_enter(inode, map, ex); /* Pre-conditions */ BUG_ON(!ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex)); BUG_ON(!in_range(map->m_lblk, ee_block, ee_len)); /* * Attempt to transfer newly initialized blocks from the currently * unwritten extent to its neighbor. This is much cheaper * than an insertion followed by a merge as those involve costly * memmove() calls. Transferring to the left is the common case in * steady state for workloads doing fallocate(FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE) * followed by append writes. * * Limitations of the current logic: * - L1: we do not deal with writes covering the whole extent. * This would require removing the extent if the transfer * is possible. * - L2: we only attempt to merge with an extent stored in the * same extent tree node. */ if ((map->m_lblk == ee_block) && /* See if we can merge left */ (map_len < ee_len) && /*L1*/ (ex > EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(eh))) { /*L2*/ ext4_lblk_t prev_lblk; ext4_fsblk_t prev_pblk, ee_pblk; unsigned int prev_len; abut_ex = ex - 1; prev_lblk = le32_to_cpu(abut_ex->ee_block); prev_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(abut_ex); prev_pblk = ext4_ext_pblock(abut_ex); ee_pblk = ext4_ext_pblock(ex); /* * A transfer of blocks from 'ex' to 'abut_ex' is allowed * upon those conditions: * - C1: abut_ex is initialized, * - C2: abut_ex is logically abutting ex, * - C3: abut_ex is physically abutting ex, * - C4: abut_ex can receive the additional blocks without * overflowing the (initialized) length limit. */ if ((!ext4_ext_is_unwritten(abut_ex)) && /*C1*/ ((prev_lblk + prev_len) == ee_block) && /*C2*/ ((prev_pblk + prev_len) == ee_pblk) && /*C3*/ (prev_len < (EXT_INIT_MAX_LEN - map_len))) { /*C4*/ err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto out; trace_ext4_ext_convert_to_initialized_fastpath(inode, map, ex, abut_ex); /* Shift the start of ex by 'map_len' blocks */ ex->ee_block = cpu_to_le32(ee_block + map_len); ext4_ext_store_pblock(ex, ee_pblk + map_len); ex->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(ee_len - map_len); ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(ex); /* Restore the flag */ /* Extend abut_ex by 'map_len' blocks */ abut_ex->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(prev_len + map_len); /* Result: number of initialized blocks past m_lblk */ allocated = map_len; } } else if (((map->m_lblk + map_len) == (ee_block + ee_len)) && (map_len < ee_len) && /*L1*/ ex < EXT_LAST_EXTENT(eh)) { /*L2*/ /* See if we can merge right */ ext4_lblk_t next_lblk; ext4_fsblk_t next_pblk, ee_pblk; unsigned int next_len; abut_ex = ex + 1; next_lblk = le32_to_cpu(abut_ex->ee_block); next_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(abut_ex); next_pblk = ext4_ext_pblock(abut_ex); ee_pblk = ext4_ext_pblock(ex); /* * A transfer of blocks from 'ex' to 'abut_ex' is allowed * upon those conditions: * - C1: abut_ex is initialized, * - C2: abut_ex is logically abutting ex, * - C3: abut_ex is physically abutting ex, * - C4: abut_ex can receive the additional blocks without * overflowing the (initialized) length limit. */ if ((!ext4_ext_is_unwritten(abut_ex)) && /*C1*/ ((map->m_lblk + map_len) == next_lblk) && /*C2*/ ((ee_pblk + ee_len) == next_pblk) && /*C3*/ (next_len < (EXT_INIT_MAX_LEN - map_len))) { /*C4*/ err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto out; trace_ext4_ext_convert_to_initialized_fastpath(inode, map, ex, abut_ex); /* Shift the start of abut_ex by 'map_len' blocks */ abut_ex->ee_block = cpu_to_le32(next_lblk - map_len); ext4_ext_store_pblock(abut_ex, next_pblk - map_len); ex->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(ee_len - map_len); ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(ex); /* Restore the flag */ /* Extend abut_ex by 'map_len' blocks */ abut_ex->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(next_len + map_len); /* Result: number of initialized blocks past m_lblk */ allocated = map_len; } } if (allocated) { /* Mark the block containing both extents as dirty */ err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + depth); /* Update path to point to the right extent */ path[depth].p_ext = abut_ex; goto out; } else allocated = ee_len - (map->m_lblk - ee_block); WARN_ON(map->m_lblk < ee_block); /* * It is safe to convert extent to initialized via explicit * zeroout only if extent is fully inside i_size or new_size. */ split_flag |= ee_block + ee_len <= eof_block ? EXT4_EXT_MAY_ZEROOUT : 0; if (EXT4_EXT_MAY_ZEROOUT & split_flag) max_zeroout = sbi->s_extent_max_zeroout_kb >> (inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits - 10); /* * five cases: * 1. split the extent into three extents. * 2. split the extent into two extents, zeroout the head of the first * extent. * 3. split the extent into two extents, zeroout the tail of the second * extent. * 4. split the extent into two extents with out zeroout. * 5. no splitting needed, just possibly zeroout the head and / or the * tail of the extent. */ split_map.m_lblk = map->m_lblk; split_map.m_len = map->m_len; if (max_zeroout && (allocated > split_map.m_len)) { if (allocated <= max_zeroout) { /* case 3 or 5 */ zero_ex1.ee_block = cpu_to_le32(split_map.m_lblk + split_map.m_len); zero_ex1.ee_len = cpu_to_le16(allocated - split_map.m_len); ext4_ext_store_pblock(&zero_ex1, ext4_ext_pblock(ex) + split_map.m_lblk + split_map.m_len - ee_block); err = ext4_ext_zeroout(inode, &zero_ex1); if (err) goto out; split_map.m_len = allocated; } if (split_map.m_lblk - ee_block + split_map.m_len < max_zeroout) { /* case 2 or 5 */ if (split_map.m_lblk != ee_block) { zero_ex2.ee_block = ex->ee_block; zero_ex2.ee_len = cpu_to_le16(split_map.m_lblk - ee_block); ext4_ext_store_pblock(&zero_ex2, ext4_ext_pblock(ex)); err = ext4_ext_zeroout(inode, &zero_ex2); if (err) goto out; } split_map.m_len += split_map.m_lblk - ee_block; split_map.m_lblk = ee_block; allocated = map->m_len; } } err = ext4_split_extent(handle, inode, ppath, &split_map, split_flag, flags); if (err > 0) err = 0; out: /* If we have gotten a failure, don't zero out status tree */ if (!err) { err = ext4_zeroout_es(inode, &zero_ex1); if (!err) err = ext4_zeroout_es(inode, &zero_ex2); } return err ? err : allocated; } /* * This function is called by ext4_ext_map_blocks() from * ext4_get_blocks_dio_write() when DIO to write * to an unwritten extent. * * Writing to an unwritten extent may result in splitting the unwritten * extent into multiple initialized/unwritten extents (up to three) * There are three possibilities: * a> There is no split required: Entire extent should be unwritten * b> Splits in two extents: Write is happening at either end of the extent * c> Splits in three extents: Somone is writing in middle of the extent * * This works the same way in the case of initialized -> unwritten conversion. * * One of more index blocks maybe needed if the extent tree grow after * the unwritten extent split. To prevent ENOSPC occur at the IO * complete, we need to split the unwritten extent before DIO submit * the IO. The unwritten extent called at this time will be split * into three unwritten extent(at most). After IO complete, the part * being filled will be convert to initialized by the end_io callback function * via ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(). * * Returns the size of unwritten extent to be written on success. */ static int ext4_split_convert_extents(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, struct ext4_ext_path **ppath, int flags) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = *ppath; ext4_lblk_t eof_block; ext4_lblk_t ee_block; struct ext4_extent *ex; unsigned int ee_len; int split_flag = 0, depth; ext_debug(inode, "logical block %llu, max_blocks %u\n", (unsigned long long)map->m_lblk, map->m_len); eof_block = (EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize + inode->i_sb->s_blocksize - 1) >> inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits; if (eof_block < map->m_lblk + map->m_len) eof_block = map->m_lblk + map->m_len; /* * It is safe to convert extent to initialized via explicit * zeroout only if extent is fully inside i_size or new_size. */ depth = ext_depth(inode); ex = path[depth].p_ext; ee_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); /* Convert to unwritten */ if (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT_UNWRITTEN) { split_flag |= EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID1; /* Convert to initialized */ } else if (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT) { split_flag |= ee_block + ee_len <= eof_block ? EXT4_EXT_MAY_ZEROOUT : 0; split_flag |= (EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT2 | EXT4_EXT_DATA_VALID2); } flags |= EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO; return ext4_split_extent(handle, inode, ppath, map, split_flag, flags); } static int ext4_convert_unwritten_extents_endio(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, struct ext4_ext_path **ppath) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = *ppath; struct ext4_extent *ex; ext4_lblk_t ee_block; unsigned int ee_len; int depth; int err = 0; depth = ext_depth(inode); ex = path[depth].p_ext; ee_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); ext_debug(inode, "logical block %llu, max_blocks %u\n", (unsigned long long)ee_block, ee_len); /* If extent is larger than requested it is a clear sign that we still * have some extent state machine issues left. So extent_split is still * required. * TODO: Once all related issues will be fixed this situation should be * illegal. */ if (ee_block != map->m_lblk || ee_len > map->m_len) { #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_DEBUG ext4_warning(inode->i_sb, "Inode (%ld) finished: extent logical block %llu," " len %u; IO logical block %llu, len %u", inode->i_ino, (unsigned long long)ee_block, ee_len, (unsigned long long)map->m_lblk, map->m_len); #endif err = ext4_split_convert_extents(handle, inode, map, ppath, EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT); if (err < 0) return err; path = ext4_find_extent(inode, map->m_lblk, ppath, 0); if (IS_ERR(path)) return PTR_ERR(path); depth = ext_depth(inode); ex = path[depth].p_ext; } err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto out; /* first mark the extent as initialized */ ext4_ext_mark_initialized(ex); /* note: ext4_ext_correct_indexes() isn't needed here because * borders are not changed */ ext4_ext_try_to_merge(handle, inode, path, ex); /* Mark modified extent as dirty */ err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + path->p_depth); out: ext4_ext_show_leaf(inode, path); return err; } static int convert_initialized_extent(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, struct ext4_ext_path **ppath, unsigned int *allocated) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = *ppath; struct ext4_extent *ex; ext4_lblk_t ee_block; unsigned int ee_len; int depth; int err = 0; /* * Make sure that the extent is no bigger than we support with * unwritten extent */ if (map->m_len > EXT_UNWRITTEN_MAX_LEN) map->m_len = EXT_UNWRITTEN_MAX_LEN / 2; depth = ext_depth(inode); ex = path[depth].p_ext; ee_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); ext_debug(inode, "logical block %llu, max_blocks %u\n", (unsigned long long)ee_block, ee_len); if (ee_block != map->m_lblk || ee_len > map->m_len) { err = ext4_split_convert_extents(handle, inode, map, ppath, EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT_UNWRITTEN); if (err < 0) return err; path = ext4_find_extent(inode, map->m_lblk, ppath, 0); if (IS_ERR(path)) return PTR_ERR(path); depth = ext_depth(inode); ex = path[depth].p_ext; if (!ex) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "unexpected hole at %lu", (unsigned long) map->m_lblk); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } } err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) return err; /* first mark the extent as unwritten */ ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(ex); /* note: ext4_ext_correct_indexes() isn't needed here because * borders are not changed */ ext4_ext_try_to_merge(handle, inode, path, ex); /* Mark modified extent as dirty */ err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + path->p_depth); if (err) return err; ext4_ext_show_leaf(inode, path); ext4_update_inode_fsync_trans(handle, inode, 1); map->m_flags |= EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN; if (*allocated > map->m_len) *allocated = map->m_len; map->m_len = *allocated; return 0; } static int ext4_ext_handle_unwritten_extents(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, struct ext4_ext_path **ppath, int flags, unsigned int allocated, ext4_fsblk_t newblock) { struct ext4_ext_path __maybe_unused *path = *ppath; int ret = 0; int err = 0; ext_debug(inode, "logical block %llu, max_blocks %u, flags 0x%x, allocated %u\n", (unsigned long long)map->m_lblk, map->m_len, flags, allocated); ext4_ext_show_leaf(inode, path); /* * When writing into unwritten space, we should not fail to * allocate metadata blocks for the new extent block if needed. */ flags |= EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_METADATA_NOFAIL; trace_ext4_ext_handle_unwritten_extents(inode, map, flags, allocated, newblock); /* get_block() before submitting IO, split the extent */ if (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO) { ret = ext4_split_convert_extents(handle, inode, map, ppath, flags | EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT); if (ret < 0) { err = ret; goto out2; } /* * shouldn't get a 0 return when splitting an extent unless * m_len is 0 (bug) or extent has been corrupted */ if (unlikely(ret == 0)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "unexpected ret == 0, m_len = %u", map->m_len); err = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto out2; } map->m_flags |= EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN; goto out; } /* IO end_io complete, convert the filled extent to written */ if (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT) { err = ext4_convert_unwritten_extents_endio(handle, inode, map, ppath); if (err < 0) goto out2; ext4_update_inode_fsync_trans(handle, inode, 1); goto map_out; } /* buffered IO cases */ /* * repeat fallocate creation request * we already have an unwritten extent */ if (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_UNWRIT_EXT) { map->m_flags |= EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN; goto map_out; } /* buffered READ or buffered write_begin() lookup */ if ((flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE) == 0) { /* * We have blocks reserved already. We * return allocated blocks so that delalloc * won't do block reservation for us. But * the buffer head will be unmapped so that * a read from the block returns 0s. */ map->m_flags |= EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN; goto out1; } /* * Default case when (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE) == 1. * For buffered writes, at writepage time, etc. Convert a * discovered unwritten extent to written. */ ret = ext4_ext_convert_to_initialized(handle, inode, map, ppath, flags); if (ret < 0) { err = ret; goto out2; } ext4_update_inode_fsync_trans(handle, inode, 1); /* * shouldn't get a 0 return when converting an unwritten extent * unless m_len is 0 (bug) or extent has been corrupted */ if (unlikely(ret == 0)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "unexpected ret == 0, m_len = %u", map->m_len); err = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto out2; } out: allocated = ret; map->m_flags |= EXT4_MAP_NEW; map_out: map->m_flags |= EXT4_MAP_MAPPED; out1: map->m_pblk = newblock; if (allocated > map->m_len) allocated = map->m_len; map->m_len = allocated; ext4_ext_show_leaf(inode, path); out2: return err ? err : allocated; } /* * get_implied_cluster_alloc - check to see if the requested * allocation (in the map structure) overlaps with a cluster already * allocated in an extent. * @sb The filesystem superblock structure * @map The requested lblk->pblk mapping * @ex The extent structure which might contain an implied * cluster allocation * * This function is called by ext4_ext_map_blocks() after we failed to * find blocks that were already in the inode's extent tree. Hence, * we know that the beginning of the requested region cannot overlap * the extent from the inode's extent tree. There are three cases we * want to catch. The first is this case: * * |--- cluster # N--| * |--- extent ---| |---- requested region ---| * |==========| * * The second case that we need to test for is this one: * * |--------- cluster # N ----------------| * |--- requested region --| |------- extent ----| * |=======================| * * The third case is when the requested region lies between two extents * within the same cluster: * |------------- cluster # N-------------| * |----- ex -----| |---- ex_right ----| * |------ requested region ------| * |================| * * In each of the above cases, we need to set the map->m_pblk and * map->m_len so it corresponds to the return the extent labelled as * "|====|" from cluster #N, since it is already in use for data in * cluster EXT4_B2C(sbi, map->m_lblk). We will then return 1 to * signal to ext4_ext_map_blocks() that map->m_pblk should be treated * as a new "allocated" block region. Otherwise, we will return 0 and * ext4_ext_map_blocks() will then allocate one or more new clusters * by calling ext4_mb_new_blocks(). */ static int get_implied_cluster_alloc(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, struct ext4_extent *ex, struct ext4_ext_path *path) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); ext4_lblk_t c_offset = EXT4_LBLK_COFF(sbi, map->m_lblk); ext4_lblk_t ex_cluster_start, ex_cluster_end; ext4_lblk_t rr_cluster_start; ext4_lblk_t ee_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); ext4_fsblk_t ee_start = ext4_ext_pblock(ex); unsigned short ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); /* The extent passed in that we are trying to match */ ex_cluster_start = EXT4_B2C(sbi, ee_block); ex_cluster_end = EXT4_B2C(sbi, ee_block + ee_len - 1); /* The requested region passed into ext4_map_blocks() */ rr_cluster_start = EXT4_B2C(sbi, map->m_lblk); if ((rr_cluster_start == ex_cluster_end) || (rr_cluster_start == ex_cluster_start)) { if (rr_cluster_start == ex_cluster_end) ee_start += ee_len - 1; map->m_pblk = EXT4_PBLK_CMASK(sbi, ee_start) + c_offset; map->m_len = min(map->m_len, (unsigned) sbi->s_cluster_ratio - c_offset); /* * Check for and handle this case: * * |--------- cluster # N-------------| * |------- extent ----| * |--- requested region ---| * |===========| */ if (map->m_lblk < ee_block) map->m_len = min(map->m_len, ee_block - map->m_lblk); /* * Check for the case where there is already another allocated * block to the right of 'ex' but before the end of the cluster. * * |------------- cluster # N-------------| * |----- ex -----| |---- ex_right ----| * |------ requested region ------| * |================| */ if (map->m_lblk > ee_block) { ext4_lblk_t next = ext4_ext_next_allocated_block(path); map->m_len = min(map->m_len, next - map->m_lblk); } trace_ext4_get_implied_cluster_alloc_exit(sb, map, 1); return 1; } trace_ext4_get_implied_cluster_alloc_exit(sb, map, 0); return 0; } /* * Block allocation/map/preallocation routine for extents based files * * * Need to be called with * down_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem) if not allocating file system block * (ie, create is zero). Otherwise down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem) * * return > 0, number of blocks already mapped/allocated * if create == 0 and these are pre-allocated blocks * buffer head is unmapped * otherwise blocks are mapped * * return = 0, if plain look up failed (blocks have not been allocated) * buffer head is unmapped * * return < 0, error case. */ int ext4_ext_map_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, int flags) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = NULL; struct ext4_extent newex, *ex, ex2; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); ext4_fsblk_t newblock = 0, pblk; int err = 0, depth, ret; unsigned int allocated = 0, offset = 0; unsigned int allocated_clusters = 0; struct ext4_allocation_request ar; ext4_lblk_t cluster_offset; ext_debug(inode, "blocks %u/%u requested\n", map->m_lblk, map->m_len); trace_ext4_ext_map_blocks_enter(inode, map->m_lblk, map->m_len, flags); /* find extent for this block */ path = ext4_find_extent(inode, map->m_lblk, NULL, 0); if (IS_ERR(path)) { err = PTR_ERR(path); path = NULL; goto out; } depth = ext_depth(inode); /* * consistent leaf must not be empty; * this situation is possible, though, _during_ tree modification; * this is why assert can't be put in ext4_find_extent() */ if (unlikely(path[depth].p_ext == NULL && depth != 0)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "bad extent address " "lblock: %lu, depth: %d pblock %lld", (unsigned long) map->m_lblk, depth, path[depth].p_block); err = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto out; } ex = path[depth].p_ext; if (ex) { ext4_lblk_t ee_block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); ext4_fsblk_t ee_start = ext4_ext_pblock(ex); unsigned short ee_len; /* * unwritten extents are treated as holes, except that * we split out initialized portions during a write. */ ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); trace_ext4_ext_show_extent(inode, ee_block, ee_start, ee_len); /* if found extent covers block, simply return it */ if (in_range(map->m_lblk, ee_block, ee_len)) { newblock = map->m_lblk - ee_block + ee_start; /* number of remaining blocks in the extent */ allocated = ee_len - (map->m_lblk - ee_block); ext_debug(inode, "%u fit into %u:%d -> %llu\n", map->m_lblk, ee_block, ee_len, newblock); /* * If the extent is initialized check whether the * caller wants to convert it to unwritten. */ if ((!ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex)) && (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT_UNWRITTEN)) { err = convert_initialized_extent(handle, inode, map, &path, &allocated); goto out; } else if (!ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex)) { map->m_flags |= EXT4_MAP_MAPPED; map->m_pblk = newblock; if (allocated > map->m_len) allocated = map->m_len; map->m_len = allocated; ext4_ext_show_leaf(inode, path); goto out; } ret = ext4_ext_handle_unwritten_extents( handle, inode, map, &path, flags, allocated, newblock); if (ret < 0) err = ret; else allocated = ret; goto out; } } /* * requested block isn't allocated yet; * we couldn't try to create block if create flag is zero */ if ((flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE) == 0) { ext4_lblk_t hole_start, hole_len; hole_start = map->m_lblk; hole_len = ext4_ext_determine_hole(inode, path, &hole_start); /* * put just found gap into cache to speed up * subsequent requests */ ext4_ext_put_gap_in_cache(inode, hole_start, hole_len); /* Update hole_len to reflect hole size after map->m_lblk */ if (hole_start != map->m_lblk) hole_len -= map->m_lblk - hole_start; map->m_pblk = 0; map->m_len = min_t(unsigned int, map->m_len, hole_len); goto out; } /* * Okay, we need to do block allocation. */ newex.ee_block = cpu_to_le32(map->m_lblk); cluster_offset = EXT4_LBLK_COFF(sbi, map->m_lblk); /* * If we are doing bigalloc, check to see if the extent returned * by ext4_find_extent() implies a cluster we can use. */ if (cluster_offset && ex && get_implied_cluster_alloc(inode->i_sb, map, ex, path)) { ar.len = allocated = map->m_len; newblock = map->m_pblk; goto got_allocated_blocks; } /* find neighbour allocated blocks */ ar.lleft = map->m_lblk; err = ext4_ext_search_left(inode, path, &ar.lleft, &ar.pleft); if (err) goto out; ar.lright = map->m_lblk; err = ext4_ext_search_right(inode, path, &ar.lright, &ar.pright, &ex2); if (err < 0) goto out; /* Check if the extent after searching to the right implies a * cluster we can use. */ if ((sbi->s_cluster_ratio > 1) && err && get_implied_cluster_alloc(inode->i_sb, map, &ex2, path)) { ar.len = allocated = map->m_len; newblock = map->m_pblk; goto got_allocated_blocks; } /* * See if request is beyond maximum number of blocks we can have in * a single extent. For an initialized extent this limit is * EXT_INIT_MAX_LEN and for an unwritten extent this limit is * EXT_UNWRITTEN_MAX_LEN. */ if (map->m_len > EXT_INIT_MAX_LEN && !(flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_UNWRIT_EXT)) map->m_len = EXT_INIT_MAX_LEN; else if (map->m_len > EXT_UNWRITTEN_MAX_LEN && (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_UNWRIT_EXT)) map->m_len = EXT_UNWRITTEN_MAX_LEN; /* Check if we can really insert (m_lblk)::(m_lblk + m_len) extent */ newex.ee_len = cpu_to_le16(map->m_len); err = ext4_ext_check_overlap(sbi, inode, &newex, path); if (err) allocated = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(&newex); else allocated = map->m_len; /* allocate new block */ ar.inode = inode; ar.goal = ext4_ext_find_goal(inode, path, map->m_lblk); ar.logical = map->m_lblk; /* * We calculate the offset from the beginning of the cluster * for the logical block number, since when we allocate a * physical cluster, the physical block should start at the * same offset from the beginning of the cluster. This is * needed so that future calls to get_implied_cluster_alloc() * work correctly. */ offset = EXT4_LBLK_COFF(sbi, map->m_lblk); ar.len = EXT4_NUM_B2C(sbi, offset+allocated); ar.goal -= offset; ar.logical -= offset; if (S_ISREG(inode->i_mode)) ar.flags = EXT4_MB_HINT_DATA; else /* disable in-core preallocation for non-regular files */ ar.flags = 0; if (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_NO_NORMALIZE) ar.flags |= EXT4_MB_HINT_NOPREALLOC; if (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_DELALLOC_RESERVE) ar.flags |= EXT4_MB_DELALLOC_RESERVED; if (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_METADATA_NOFAIL) ar.flags |= EXT4_MB_USE_RESERVED; newblock = ext4_mb_new_blocks(handle, &ar, &err); if (!newblock) goto out; allocated_clusters = ar.len; ar.len = EXT4_C2B(sbi, ar.len) - offset; ext_debug(inode, "allocate new block: goal %llu, found %llu/%u, requested %u\n", ar.goal, newblock, ar.len, allocated); if (ar.len > allocated) ar.len = allocated; got_allocated_blocks: /* try to insert new extent into found leaf and return */ pblk = newblock + offset; ext4_ext_store_pblock(&newex, pblk); newex.ee_len = cpu_to_le16(ar.len); /* Mark unwritten */ if (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_UNWRIT_EXT) { ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(&newex); map->m_flags |= EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN; } err = ext4_ext_insert_extent(handle, inode, &path, &newex, flags); if (err) { if (allocated_clusters) { int fb_flags = 0; /* * free data blocks we just allocated. * not a good idea to call discard here directly, * but otherwise we'd need to call it every free(). */ ext4_discard_preallocations(inode, 0); if (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_DELALLOC_RESERVE) fb_flags = EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_NO_QUOT_UPDATE; ext4_free_blocks(handle, inode, NULL, newblock, EXT4_C2B(sbi, allocated_clusters), fb_flags); } goto out; } /* * Reduce the reserved cluster count to reflect successful deferred * allocation of delayed allocated clusters or direct allocation of * clusters discovered to be delayed allocated. Once allocated, a * cluster is not included in the reserved count. */ if (test_opt(inode->i_sb, DELALLOC) && allocated_clusters) { if (flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_DELALLOC_RESERVE) { /* * When allocating delayed allocated clusters, simply * reduce the reserved cluster count and claim quota */ ext4_da_update_reserve_space(inode, allocated_clusters, 1); } else { ext4_lblk_t lblk, len; unsigned int n; /* * When allocating non-delayed allocated clusters * (from fallocate, filemap, DIO, or clusters * allocated when delalloc has been disabled by * ext4_nonda_switch), reduce the reserved cluster * count by the number of allocated clusters that * have previously been delayed allocated. Quota * has been claimed by ext4_mb_new_blocks() above, * so release the quota reservations made for any * previously delayed allocated clusters. */ lblk = EXT4_LBLK_CMASK(sbi, map->m_lblk); len = allocated_clusters << sbi->s_cluster_bits; n = ext4_es_delayed_clu(inode, lblk, len); if (n > 0) ext4_da_update_reserve_space(inode, (int) n, 0); } } /* * Cache the extent and update transaction to commit on fdatasync only * when it is _not_ an unwritten extent. */ if ((flags & EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_UNWRIT_EXT) == 0) ext4_update_inode_fsync_trans(handle, inode, 1); else ext4_update_inode_fsync_trans(handle, inode, 0); map->m_flags |= (EXT4_MAP_NEW | EXT4_MAP_MAPPED); map->m_pblk = pblk; map->m_len = ar.len; allocated = map->m_len; ext4_ext_show_leaf(inode, path); out: ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); trace_ext4_ext_map_blocks_exit(inode, flags, map, err ? err : allocated); return err ? err : allocated; } int ext4_ext_truncate(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode) { struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; ext4_lblk_t last_block; int err = 0; /* * TODO: optimization is possible here. * Probably we need not scan at all, * because page truncation is enough. */ /* we have to know where to truncate from in crash case */ EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize = inode->i_size; err = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (err) return err; last_block = (inode->i_size + sb->s_blocksize - 1) >> EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(sb); retry: err = ext4_es_remove_extent(inode, last_block, EXT_MAX_BLOCKS - last_block); if (err == -ENOMEM) { cond_resched(); congestion_wait(BLK_RW_ASYNC, HZ/50); goto retry; } if (err) return err; retry_remove_space: err = ext4_ext_remove_space(inode, last_block, EXT_MAX_BLOCKS - 1); if (err == -ENOMEM) { cond_resched(); congestion_wait(BLK_RW_ASYNC, HZ/50); goto retry_remove_space; } return err; } static int ext4_alloc_file_blocks(struct file *file, ext4_lblk_t offset, ext4_lblk_t len, loff_t new_size, int flags) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(file); handle_t *handle; int ret = 0; int ret2 = 0, ret3 = 0; int retries = 0; int depth = 0; struct ext4_map_blocks map; unsigned int credits; loff_t epos; BUG_ON(!ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)); map.m_lblk = offset; map.m_len = len; /* * Don't normalize the request if it can fit in one extent so * that it doesn't get unnecessarily split into multiple * extents. */ if (len <= EXT_UNWRITTEN_MAX_LEN) flags |= EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_NO_NORMALIZE; /* * credits to insert 1 extent into extent tree */ credits = ext4_chunk_trans_blocks(inode, len); depth = ext_depth(inode); retry: while (ret >= 0 && len) { /* * Recalculate credits when extent tree depth changes. */ if (depth != ext_depth(inode)) { credits = ext4_chunk_trans_blocks(inode, len); depth = ext_depth(inode); } handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_MAP_BLOCKS, credits); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { ret = PTR_ERR(handle); break; } ret = ext4_map_blocks(handle, inode, &map, flags); if (ret <= 0) { ext4_debug("inode #%lu: block %u: len %u: " "ext4_ext_map_blocks returned %d", inode->i_ino, map.m_lblk, map.m_len, ret); ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); ret2 = ext4_journal_stop(handle); break; } map.m_lblk += ret; map.m_len = len = len - ret; epos = (loff_t)map.m_lblk << inode->i_blkbits; inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode); if (new_size) { if (epos > new_size) epos = new_size; if (ext4_update_inode_size(inode, epos) & 0x1) inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime; } ret2 = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); ext4_update_inode_fsync_trans(handle, inode, 1); ret3 = ext4_journal_stop(handle); ret2 = ret3 ? ret3 : ret2; if (unlikely(ret2)) break; } if (ret == -ENOSPC && ext4_should_retry_alloc(inode->i_sb, &retries)) { ret = 0; goto retry; } return ret > 0 ? ret2 : ret; } static int ext4_collapse_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t len); static int ext4_insert_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t len); static long ext4_zero_range(struct file *file, loff_t offset, loff_t len, int mode) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(file); handle_t *handle = NULL; unsigned int max_blocks; loff_t new_size = 0; int ret = 0; int flags; int credits; int partial_begin, partial_end; loff_t start, end; ext4_lblk_t lblk; unsigned int blkbits = inode->i_blkbits; trace_ext4_zero_range(inode, offset, len, mode); /* Call ext4_force_commit to flush all data in case of data=journal. */ if (ext4_should_journal_data(inode)) { ret = ext4_force_commit(inode->i_sb); if (ret) return ret; } /* * Round up offset. This is not fallocate, we need to zero out * blocks, so convert interior block aligned part of the range to * unwritten and possibly manually zero out unaligned parts of the * range. */ start = round_up(offset, 1 << blkbits); end = round_down((offset + len), 1 << blkbits); if (start < offset || end > offset + len) return -EINVAL; partial_begin = offset & ((1 << blkbits) - 1); partial_end = (offset + len) & ((1 << blkbits) - 1); lblk = start >> blkbits; max_blocks = (end >> blkbits); if (max_blocks < lblk) max_blocks = 0; else max_blocks -= lblk; inode_lock(inode); /* * Indirect files do not support unwritten extents */ if (!(ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS))) { ret = -EOPNOTSUPP; goto out_mutex; } if (!(mode & FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE) && (offset + len > inode->i_size || offset + len > EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize)) { new_size = offset + len; ret = inode_newsize_ok(inode, new_size); if (ret) goto out_mutex; } flags = EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE_UNWRIT_EXT; /* Wait all existing dio workers, newcomers will block on i_mutex */ inode_dio_wait(inode); /* Preallocate the range including the unaligned edges */ if (partial_begin || partial_end) { ret = ext4_alloc_file_blocks(file, round_down(offset, 1 << blkbits) >> blkbits, (round_up((offset + len), 1 << blkbits) - round_down(offset, 1 << blkbits)) >> blkbits, new_size, flags); if (ret) goto out_mutex; } /* Zero range excluding the unaligned edges */ if (max_blocks > 0) { flags |= (EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT_UNWRITTEN | EXT4_EX_NOCACHE); /* * Prevent page faults from reinstantiating pages we have * released from page cache. */ down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); ret = ext4_break_layouts(inode); if (ret) { up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); goto out_mutex; } ret = ext4_update_disksize_before_punch(inode, offset, len); if (ret) { up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); goto out_mutex; } /* Now release the pages and zero block aligned part of pages */ truncate_pagecache_range(inode, start, end - 1); inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode); ret = ext4_alloc_file_blocks(file, lblk, max_blocks, new_size, flags); up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); if (ret) goto out_mutex; } if (!partial_begin && !partial_end) goto out_mutex; /* * In worst case we have to writeout two nonadjacent unwritten * blocks and update the inode */ credits = (2 * ext4_ext_index_trans_blocks(inode, 2)) + 1; if (ext4_should_journal_data(inode)) credits += 2; handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_MISC, credits); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { ret = PTR_ERR(handle); ext4_std_error(inode->i_sb, ret); goto out_mutex; } inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode); if (new_size) ext4_update_inode_size(inode, new_size); ret = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (unlikely(ret)) goto out_handle; ext4_fc_track_range(handle, inode, offset >> inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits, (offset + len - 1) >> inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits); /* Zero out partial block at the edges of the range */ ret = ext4_zero_partial_blocks(handle, inode, offset, len); if (ret >= 0) ext4_update_inode_fsync_trans(handle, inode, 1); if (file->f_flags & O_SYNC) ext4_handle_sync(handle); out_handle: ext4_journal_stop(handle); out_mutex: inode_unlock(inode); return ret; } /* * preallocate space for a file. This implements ext4's fallocate file * operation, which gets called from sys_fallocate system call. * For block-mapped files, posix_fallocate should fall back to the method * of writing zeroes to the required new blocks (the same behavior which is * expected for file systems which do not support fallocate() system call). */ long ext4_fallocate(struct file *file, int mode, loff_t offset, loff_t len) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(file); loff_t new_size = 0; unsigned int max_blocks; int ret = 0; int flags; ext4_lblk_t lblk; unsigned int blkbits = inode->i_blkbits; /* * Encrypted inodes can't handle collapse range or insert * range since we would need to re-encrypt blocks with a * different IV or XTS tweak (which are based on the logical * block number). */ if (IS_ENCRYPTED(inode) && (mode & (FALLOC_FL_COLLAPSE_RANGE | FALLOC_FL_INSERT_RANGE))) return -EOPNOTSUPP; /* Return error if mode is not supported */ if (mode & ~(FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE | FALLOC_FL_PUNCH_HOLE | FALLOC_FL_COLLAPSE_RANGE | FALLOC_FL_ZERO_RANGE | FALLOC_FL_INSERT_RANGE)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; ext4_fc_start_update(inode); if (mode & FALLOC_FL_PUNCH_HOLE) { ret = ext4_punch_hole(inode, offset, len); goto exit; } ret = ext4_convert_inline_data(inode); if (ret) goto exit; if (mode & FALLOC_FL_COLLAPSE_RANGE) { ret = ext4_collapse_range(inode, offset, len); goto exit; } if (mode & FALLOC_FL_INSERT_RANGE) { ret = ext4_insert_range(inode, offset, len); goto exit; } if (mode & FALLOC_FL_ZERO_RANGE) { ret = ext4_zero_range(file, offset, len, mode); goto exit; } trace_ext4_fallocate_enter(inode, offset, len, mode); lblk = offset >> blkbits; max_blocks = EXT4_MAX_BLOCKS(len, offset, blkbits); flags = EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE_UNWRIT_EXT; inode_lock(inode); /* * We only support preallocation for extent-based files only */ if (!(ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS))) { ret = -EOPNOTSUPP; goto out; } if (!(mode & FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE) && (offset + len > inode->i_size || offset + len > EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize)) { new_size = offset + len; ret = inode_newsize_ok(inode, new_size); if (ret) goto out; } /* Wait all existing dio workers, newcomers will block on i_mutex */ inode_dio_wait(inode); ret = ext4_alloc_file_blocks(file, lblk, max_blocks, new_size, flags); if (ret) goto out; if (file->f_flags & O_SYNC && EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_journal) { ret = ext4_fc_commit(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_journal, EXT4_I(inode)->i_sync_tid); } out: inode_unlock(inode); trace_ext4_fallocate_exit(inode, offset, max_blocks, ret); exit: ext4_fc_stop_update(inode); return ret; } /* * This function convert a range of blocks to written extents * The caller of this function will pass the start offset and the size. * all unwritten extents within this range will be converted to * written extents. * * This function is called from the direct IO end io call back * function, to convert the fallocated extents after IO is completed. * Returns 0 on success. */ int ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, ssize_t len) { unsigned int max_blocks; int ret = 0, ret2 = 0, ret3 = 0; struct ext4_map_blocks map; unsigned int blkbits = inode->i_blkbits; unsigned int credits = 0; map.m_lblk = offset >> blkbits; max_blocks = EXT4_MAX_BLOCKS(len, offset, blkbits); if (!handle) { /* * credits to insert 1 extent into extent tree */ credits = ext4_chunk_trans_blocks(inode, max_blocks); } while (ret >= 0 && ret < max_blocks) { map.m_lblk += ret; map.m_len = (max_blocks -= ret); if (credits) { handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_MAP_BLOCKS, credits); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { ret = PTR_ERR(handle); break; } } ret = ext4_map_blocks(handle, inode, &map, EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_IO_CONVERT_EXT); if (ret <= 0) ext4_warning(inode->i_sb, "inode #%lu: block %u: len %u: " "ext4_ext_map_blocks returned %d", inode->i_ino, map.m_lblk, map.m_len, ret); ret2 = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (credits) { ret3 = ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (unlikely(ret3)) ret2 = ret3; } if (ret <= 0 || ret2) break; } return ret > 0 ? ret2 : ret; } int ext4_convert_unwritten_io_end_vec(handle_t *handle, ext4_io_end_t *io_end) { int ret = 0, err = 0; struct ext4_io_end_vec *io_end_vec; /* * This is somewhat ugly but the idea is clear: When transaction is * reserved, everything goes into it. Otherwise we rather start several * smaller transactions for conversion of each extent separately. */ if (handle) { handle = ext4_journal_start_reserved(handle, EXT4_HT_EXT_CONVERT); if (IS_ERR(handle)) return PTR_ERR(handle); } list_for_each_entry(io_end_vec, &io_end->list_vec, list) { ret = ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(handle, io_end->inode, io_end_vec->offset, io_end_vec->size); if (ret) break; } if (handle) err = ext4_journal_stop(handle); return ret < 0 ? ret : err; } static int ext4_iomap_xattr_fiemap(struct inode *inode, struct iomap *iomap) { __u64 physical = 0; __u64 length = 0; int blockbits = inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits; int error = 0; u16 iomap_type; /* in-inode? */ if (ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_XATTR)) { struct ext4_iloc iloc; int offset; /* offset of xattr in inode */ error = ext4_get_inode_loc(inode, &iloc); if (error) return error; physical = (__u64)iloc.bh->b_blocknr << blockbits; offset = EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE + EXT4_I(inode)->i_extra_isize; physical += offset; length = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_inode_size - offset; brelse(iloc.bh); iomap_type = IOMAP_INLINE; } else if (EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl) { /* external block */ physical = (__u64)EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl << blockbits; length = inode->i_sb->s_blocksize; iomap_type = IOMAP_MAPPED; } else { /* no in-inode or external block for xattr, so return -ENOENT */ error = -ENOENT; goto out; } iomap->addr = physical; iomap->offset = 0; iomap->length = length; iomap->type = iomap_type; iomap->flags = 0; out: return error; } static int ext4_iomap_xattr_begin(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t length, unsigned flags, struct iomap *iomap, struct iomap *srcmap) { int error; error = ext4_iomap_xattr_fiemap(inode, iomap); if (error == 0 && (offset >= iomap->length)) error = -ENOENT; return error; } static const struct iomap_ops ext4_iomap_xattr_ops = { .iomap_begin = ext4_iomap_xattr_begin, }; static int ext4_fiemap_check_ranges(struct inode *inode, u64 start, u64 *len) { u64 maxbytes; if (ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)) maxbytes = inode->i_sb->s_maxbytes; else maxbytes = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_bitmap_maxbytes; if (*len == 0) return -EINVAL; if (start > maxbytes) return -EFBIG; /* * Shrink request scope to what the fs can actually handle. */ if (*len > maxbytes || (maxbytes - *len) < start) *len = maxbytes - start; return 0; } int ext4_fiemap(struct inode *inode, struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo, u64 start, u64 len) { int error = 0; if (fieinfo->fi_flags & FIEMAP_FLAG_CACHE) { error = ext4_ext_precache(inode); if (error) return error; fieinfo->fi_flags &= ~FIEMAP_FLAG_CACHE; } /* * For bitmap files the maximum size limit could be smaller than * s_maxbytes, so check len here manually instead of just relying on the * generic check. */ error = ext4_fiemap_check_ranges(inode, start, &len); if (error) return error; if (fieinfo->fi_flags & FIEMAP_FLAG_XATTR) { fieinfo->fi_flags &= ~FIEMAP_FLAG_XATTR; return iomap_fiemap(inode, fieinfo, start, len, &ext4_iomap_xattr_ops); } return iomap_fiemap(inode, fieinfo, start, len, &ext4_iomap_report_ops); } int ext4_get_es_cache(struct inode *inode, struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo, __u64 start, __u64 len) { ext4_lblk_t start_blk, len_blks; __u64 last_blk; int error = 0; if (ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) { int has_inline; down_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem); has_inline = ext4_has_inline_data(inode); up_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem); if (has_inline) return 0; } if (fieinfo->fi_flags & FIEMAP_FLAG_CACHE) { error = ext4_ext_precache(inode); if (error) return error; fieinfo->fi_flags &= ~FIEMAP_FLAG_CACHE; } error = fiemap_prep(inode, fieinfo, start, &len, 0); if (error) return error; error = ext4_fiemap_check_ranges(inode, start, &len); if (error) return error; start_blk = start >> inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits; last_blk = (start + len - 1) >> inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits; if (last_blk >= EXT_MAX_BLOCKS) last_blk = EXT_MAX_BLOCKS-1; len_blks = ((ext4_lblk_t) last_blk) - start_blk + 1; /* * Walk the extent tree gathering extent information * and pushing extents back to the user. */ return ext4_fill_es_cache_info(inode, start_blk, len_blks, fieinfo); } /* * ext4_ext_shift_path_extents: * Shift the extents of a path structure lying between path[depth].p_ext * and EXT_LAST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr), by @shift blocks. @SHIFT tells * if it is right shift or left shift operation. */ static int ext4_ext_shift_path_extents(struct ext4_ext_path *path, ext4_lblk_t shift, struct inode *inode, handle_t *handle, enum SHIFT_DIRECTION SHIFT) { int depth, err = 0; struct ext4_extent *ex_start, *ex_last; bool update = false; int credits, restart_credits; depth = path->p_depth; while (depth >= 0) { if (depth == path->p_depth) { ex_start = path[depth].p_ext; if (!ex_start) return -EFSCORRUPTED; ex_last = EXT_LAST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr); /* leaf + sb + inode */ credits = 3; if (ex_start == EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr)) { update = true; /* extent tree + sb + inode */ credits = depth + 2; } restart_credits = ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(inode); err = ext4_datasem_ensure_credits(handle, inode, credits, restart_credits, 0); if (err) { if (err > 0) err = -EAGAIN; goto out; } err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto out; while (ex_start <= ex_last) { if (SHIFT == SHIFT_LEFT) { le32_add_cpu(&ex_start->ee_block, -shift); /* Try to merge to the left. */ if ((ex_start > EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr)) && ext4_ext_try_to_merge_right(inode, path, ex_start - 1)) ex_last--; else ex_start++; } else { le32_add_cpu(&ex_last->ee_block, shift); ext4_ext_try_to_merge_right(inode, path, ex_last); ex_last--; } } err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto out; if (--depth < 0 || !update) break; } /* Update index too */ err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto out; if (SHIFT == SHIFT_LEFT) le32_add_cpu(&path[depth].p_idx->ei_block, -shift); else le32_add_cpu(&path[depth].p_idx->ei_block, shift); err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + depth); if (err) goto out; /* we are done if current index is not a starting index */ if (path[depth].p_idx != EXT_FIRST_INDEX(path[depth].p_hdr)) break; depth--; } out: return err; } /* * ext4_ext_shift_extents: * All the extents which lies in the range from @start to the last allocated * block for the @inode are shifted either towards left or right (depending * upon @SHIFT) by @shift blocks. * On success, 0 is returned, error otherwise. */ static int ext4_ext_shift_extents(struct inode *inode, handle_t *handle, ext4_lblk_t start, ext4_lblk_t shift, enum SHIFT_DIRECTION SHIFT) { struct ext4_ext_path *path; int ret = 0, depth; struct ext4_extent *extent; ext4_lblk_t stop, *iterator, ex_start, ex_end; ext4_lblk_t tmp = EXT_MAX_BLOCKS; /* Let path point to the last extent */ path = ext4_find_extent(inode, EXT_MAX_BLOCKS - 1, NULL, EXT4_EX_NOCACHE); if (IS_ERR(path)) return PTR_ERR(path); depth = path->p_depth; extent = path[depth].p_ext; if (!extent) goto out; stop = le32_to_cpu(extent->ee_block); /* * For left shifts, make sure the hole on the left is big enough to * accommodate the shift. For right shifts, make sure the last extent * won't be shifted beyond EXT_MAX_BLOCKS. */ if (SHIFT == SHIFT_LEFT) { path = ext4_find_extent(inode, start - 1, &path, EXT4_EX_NOCACHE); if (IS_ERR(path)) return PTR_ERR(path); depth = path->p_depth; extent = path[depth].p_ext; if (extent) { ex_start = le32_to_cpu(extent->ee_block); ex_end = le32_to_cpu(extent->ee_block) + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(extent); } else { ex_start = 0; ex_end = 0; } if ((start == ex_start && shift > ex_start) || (shift > start - ex_end)) { ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } } else { if (shift > EXT_MAX_BLOCKS - (stop + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(extent))) { ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } } /* * In case of left shift, iterator points to start and it is increased * till we reach stop. In case of right shift, iterator points to stop * and it is decreased till we reach start. */ again: if (SHIFT == SHIFT_LEFT) iterator = &start; else iterator = &stop; if (tmp != EXT_MAX_BLOCKS) *iterator = tmp; /* * Its safe to start updating extents. Start and stop are unsigned, so * in case of right shift if extent with 0 block is reached, iterator * becomes NULL to indicate the end of the loop. */ while (iterator && start <= stop) { path = ext4_find_extent(inode, *iterator, &path, EXT4_EX_NOCACHE); if (IS_ERR(path)) return PTR_ERR(path); depth = path->p_depth; extent = path[depth].p_ext; if (!extent) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "unexpected hole at %lu", (unsigned long) *iterator); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } if (SHIFT == SHIFT_LEFT && *iterator > le32_to_cpu(extent->ee_block)) { /* Hole, move to the next extent */ if (extent < EXT_LAST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr)) { path[depth].p_ext++; } else { *iterator = ext4_ext_next_allocated_block(path); continue; } } tmp = *iterator; if (SHIFT == SHIFT_LEFT) { extent = EXT_LAST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr); *iterator = le32_to_cpu(extent->ee_block) + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(extent); } else { extent = EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr); if (le32_to_cpu(extent->ee_block) > 0) *iterator = le32_to_cpu(extent->ee_block) - 1; else /* Beginning is reached, end of the loop */ iterator = NULL; /* Update path extent in case we need to stop */ while (le32_to_cpu(extent->ee_block) < start) extent++; path[depth].p_ext = extent; } ret = ext4_ext_shift_path_extents(path, shift, inode, handle, SHIFT); /* iterator can be NULL which means we should break */ if (ret == -EAGAIN) goto again; if (ret) break; } out: ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); return ret; } /* * ext4_collapse_range: * This implements the fallocate's collapse range functionality for ext4 * Returns: 0 and non-zero on error. */ static int ext4_collapse_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t len) { struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; ext4_lblk_t punch_start, punch_stop; handle_t *handle; unsigned int credits; loff_t new_size, ioffset; int ret; /* * We need to test this early because xfstests assumes that a * collapse range of (0, 1) will return EOPNOTSUPP if the file * system does not support collapse range. */ if (!ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; /* Collapse range works only on fs cluster size aligned regions. */ if (!IS_ALIGNED(offset | len, EXT4_CLUSTER_SIZE(sb))) return -EINVAL; trace_ext4_collapse_range(inode, offset, len); punch_start = offset >> EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(sb); punch_stop = (offset + len) >> EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(sb); /* Call ext4_force_commit to flush all data in case of data=journal. */ if (ext4_should_journal_data(inode)) { ret = ext4_force_commit(inode->i_sb); if (ret) return ret; } inode_lock(inode); /* * There is no need to overlap collapse range with EOF, in which case * it is effectively a truncate operation */ if (offset + len >= inode->i_size) { ret = -EINVAL; goto out_mutex; } /* Currently just for extent based files */ if (!ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)) { ret = -EOPNOTSUPP; goto out_mutex; } /* Wait for existing dio to complete */ inode_dio_wait(inode); /* * Prevent page faults from reinstantiating pages we have released from * page cache. */ down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); ret = ext4_break_layouts(inode); if (ret) goto out_mmap; /* * Need to round down offset to be aligned with page size boundary * for page size > block size. */ ioffset = round_down(offset, PAGE_SIZE); /* * Write tail of the last page before removed range since it will get * removed from the page cache below. */ ret = filemap_write_and_wait_range(inode->i_mapping, ioffset, offset); if (ret) goto out_mmap; /* * Write data that will be shifted to preserve them when discarding * page cache below. We are also protected from pages becoming dirty * by i_mmap_sem. */ ret = filemap_write_and_wait_range(inode->i_mapping, offset + len, LLONG_MAX); if (ret) goto out_mmap; truncate_pagecache(inode, ioffset); credits = ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(inode); handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_TRUNCATE, credits); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { ret = PTR_ERR(handle); goto out_mmap; } ext4_fc_start_ineligible(sb, EXT4_FC_REASON_FALLOC_RANGE); down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); ext4_discard_preallocations(inode, 0); ret = ext4_es_remove_extent(inode, punch_start, EXT_MAX_BLOCKS - punch_start); if (ret) { up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); goto out_stop; } ret = ext4_ext_remove_space(inode, punch_start, punch_stop - 1); if (ret) { up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); goto out_stop; } ext4_discard_preallocations(inode, 0); ret = ext4_ext_shift_extents(inode, handle, punch_stop, punch_stop - punch_start, SHIFT_LEFT); if (ret) { up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); goto out_stop; } new_size = inode->i_size - len; i_size_write(inode, new_size); EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize = new_size; up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); if (IS_SYNC(inode)) ext4_handle_sync(handle); inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode); ret = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); ext4_update_inode_fsync_trans(handle, inode, 1); out_stop: ext4_journal_stop(handle); ext4_fc_stop_ineligible(sb); out_mmap: up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); out_mutex: inode_unlock(inode); return ret; } /* * ext4_insert_range: * This function implements the FALLOC_FL_INSERT_RANGE flag of fallocate. * The data blocks starting from @offset to the EOF are shifted by @len * towards right to create a hole in the @inode. Inode size is increased * by len bytes. * Returns 0 on success, error otherwise. */ static int ext4_insert_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t len) { struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; handle_t *handle; struct ext4_ext_path *path; struct ext4_extent *extent; ext4_lblk_t offset_lblk, len_lblk, ee_start_lblk = 0; unsigned int credits, ee_len; int ret = 0, depth, split_flag = 0; loff_t ioffset; /* * We need to test this early because xfstests assumes that an * insert range of (0, 1) will return EOPNOTSUPP if the file * system does not support insert range. */ if (!ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; /* Insert range works only on fs cluster size aligned regions. */ if (!IS_ALIGNED(offset | len, EXT4_CLUSTER_SIZE(sb))) return -EINVAL; trace_ext4_insert_range(inode, offset, len); offset_lblk = offset >> EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(sb); len_lblk = len >> EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(sb); /* Call ext4_force_commit to flush all data in case of data=journal */ if (ext4_should_journal_data(inode)) { ret = ext4_force_commit(inode->i_sb); if (ret) return ret; } inode_lock(inode); /* Currently just for extent based files */ if (!ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS)) { ret = -EOPNOTSUPP; goto out_mutex; } /* Check whether the maximum file size would be exceeded */ if (len > inode->i_sb->s_maxbytes - inode->i_size) { ret = -EFBIG; goto out_mutex; } /* Offset must be less than i_size */ if (offset >= inode->i_size) { ret = -EINVAL; goto out_mutex; } /* Wait for existing dio to complete */ inode_dio_wait(inode); /* * Prevent page faults from reinstantiating pages we have released from * page cache. */ down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); ret = ext4_break_layouts(inode); if (ret) goto out_mmap; /* * Need to round down to align start offset to page size boundary * for page size > block size. */ ioffset = round_down(offset, PAGE_SIZE); /* Write out all dirty pages */ ret = filemap_write_and_wait_range(inode->i_mapping, ioffset, LLONG_MAX); if (ret) goto out_mmap; truncate_pagecache(inode, ioffset); credits = ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(inode); handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_TRUNCATE, credits); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { ret = PTR_ERR(handle); goto out_mmap; } ext4_fc_start_ineligible(sb, EXT4_FC_REASON_FALLOC_RANGE); /* Expand file to avoid data loss if there is error while shifting */ inode->i_size += len; EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize += len; inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode); ret = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (ret) goto out_stop; down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); ext4_discard_preallocations(inode, 0); path = ext4_find_extent(inode, offset_lblk, NULL, 0); if (IS_ERR(path)) { up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); goto out_stop; } depth = ext_depth(inode); extent = path[depth].p_ext; if (extent) { ee_start_lblk = le32_to_cpu(extent->ee_block); ee_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(extent); /* * If offset_lblk is not the starting block of extent, split * the extent @offset_lblk */ if ((offset_lblk > ee_start_lblk) && (offset_lblk < (ee_start_lblk + ee_len))) { if (ext4_ext_is_unwritten(extent)) split_flag = EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT1 | EXT4_EXT_MARK_UNWRIT2; ret = ext4_split_extent_at(handle, inode, &path, offset_lblk, split_flag, EXT4_EX_NOCACHE | EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO | EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_METADATA_NOFAIL); } ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); if (ret < 0) { up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); goto out_stop; } } else { ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); } ret = ext4_es_remove_extent(inode, offset_lblk, EXT_MAX_BLOCKS - offset_lblk); if (ret) { up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); goto out_stop; } /* * if offset_lblk lies in a hole which is at start of file, use * ee_start_lblk to shift extents */ ret = ext4_ext_shift_extents(inode, handle, ee_start_lblk > offset_lblk ? ee_start_lblk : offset_lblk, len_lblk, SHIFT_RIGHT); up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); if (IS_SYNC(inode)) ext4_handle_sync(handle); if (ret >= 0) ext4_update_inode_fsync_trans(handle, inode, 1); out_stop: ext4_journal_stop(handle); ext4_fc_stop_ineligible(sb); out_mmap: up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); out_mutex: inode_unlock(inode); return ret; } /** * ext4_swap_extents() - Swap extents between two inodes * @handle: handle for this transaction * @inode1: First inode * @inode2: Second inode * @lblk1: Start block for first inode * @lblk2: Start block for second inode * @count: Number of blocks to swap * @unwritten: Mark second inode's extents as unwritten after swap * @erp: Pointer to save error value * * This helper routine does exactly what is promise "swap extents". All other * stuff such as page-cache locking consistency, bh mapping consistency or * extent's data copying must be performed by caller. * Locking: * i_mutex is held for both inodes * i_data_sem is locked for write for both inodes * Assumptions: * All pages from requested range are locked for both inodes */ int ext4_swap_extents(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode1, struct inode *inode2, ext4_lblk_t lblk1, ext4_lblk_t lblk2, ext4_lblk_t count, int unwritten, int *erp) { struct ext4_ext_path *path1 = NULL; struct ext4_ext_path *path2 = NULL; int replaced_count = 0; BUG_ON(!rwsem_is_locked(&EXT4_I(inode1)->i_data_sem)); BUG_ON(!rwsem_is_locked(&EXT4_I(inode2)->i_data_sem)); BUG_ON(!inode_is_locked(inode1)); BUG_ON(!inode_is_locked(inode2)); *erp = ext4_es_remove_extent(inode1, lblk1, count); if (unlikely(*erp)) return 0; *erp = ext4_es_remove_extent(inode2, lblk2, count); if (unlikely(*erp)) return 0; while (count) { struct ext4_extent *ex1, *ex2, tmp_ex; ext4_lblk_t e1_blk, e2_blk; int e1_len, e2_len, len; int split = 0; path1 = ext4_find_extent(inode1, lblk1, NULL, EXT4_EX_NOCACHE); if (IS_ERR(path1)) { *erp = PTR_ERR(path1); path1 = NULL; finish: count = 0; goto repeat; } path2 = ext4_find_extent(inode2, lblk2, NULL, EXT4_EX_NOCACHE); if (IS_ERR(path2)) { *erp = PTR_ERR(path2); path2 = NULL; goto finish; } ex1 = path1[path1->p_depth].p_ext; ex2 = path2[path2->p_depth].p_ext; /* Do we have something to swap ? */ if (unlikely(!ex2 || !ex1)) goto finish; e1_blk = le32_to_cpu(ex1->ee_block); e2_blk = le32_to_cpu(ex2->ee_block); e1_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex1); e2_len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex2); /* Hole handling */ if (!in_range(lblk1, e1_blk, e1_len) || !in_range(lblk2, e2_blk, e2_len)) { ext4_lblk_t next1, next2; /* if hole after extent, then go to next extent */ next1 = ext4_ext_next_allocated_block(path1); next2 = ext4_ext_next_allocated_block(path2); /* If hole before extent, then shift to that extent */ if (e1_blk > lblk1) next1 = e1_blk; if (e2_blk > lblk2) next2 = e2_blk; /* Do we have something to swap */ if (next1 == EXT_MAX_BLOCKS || next2 == EXT_MAX_BLOCKS) goto finish; /* Move to the rightest boundary */ len = next1 - lblk1; if (len < next2 - lblk2) len = next2 - lblk2; if (len > count) len = count; lblk1 += len; lblk2 += len; count -= len; goto repeat; } /* Prepare left boundary */ if (e1_blk < lblk1) { split = 1; *erp = ext4_force_split_extent_at(handle, inode1, &path1, lblk1, 0); if (unlikely(*erp)) goto finish; } if (e2_blk < lblk2) { split = 1; *erp = ext4_force_split_extent_at(handle, inode2, &path2, lblk2, 0); if (unlikely(*erp)) goto finish; } /* ext4_split_extent_at() may result in leaf extent split, * path must to be revalidated. */ if (split) goto repeat; /* Prepare right boundary */ len = count; if (len > e1_blk + e1_len - lblk1) len = e1_blk + e1_len - lblk1; if (len > e2_blk + e2_len - lblk2) len = e2_blk + e2_len - lblk2; if (len != e1_len) { split = 1; *erp = ext4_force_split_extent_at(handle, inode1, &path1, lblk1 + len, 0); if (unlikely(*erp)) goto finish; } if (len != e2_len) { split = 1; *erp = ext4_force_split_extent_at(handle, inode2, &path2, lblk2 + len, 0); if (*erp) goto finish; } /* ext4_split_extent_at() may result in leaf extent split, * path must to be revalidated. */ if (split) goto repeat; BUG_ON(e2_len != e1_len); *erp = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode1, path1 + path1->p_depth); if (unlikely(*erp)) goto finish; *erp = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode2, path2 + path2->p_depth); if (unlikely(*erp)) goto finish; /* Both extents are fully inside boundaries. Swap it now */ tmp_ex = *ex1; ext4_ext_store_pblock(ex1, ext4_ext_pblock(ex2)); ext4_ext_store_pblock(ex2, ext4_ext_pblock(&tmp_ex)); ex1->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(e2_len); ex2->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(e1_len); if (unwritten) ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(ex2); if (ext4_ext_is_unwritten(&tmp_ex)) ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(ex1); ext4_ext_try_to_merge(handle, inode2, path2, ex2); ext4_ext_try_to_merge(handle, inode1, path1, ex1); *erp = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode2, path2 + path2->p_depth); if (unlikely(*erp)) goto finish; *erp = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode1, path1 + path1->p_depth); /* * Looks scarry ah..? second inode already points to new blocks, * and it was successfully dirtied. But luckily error may happen * only due to journal error, so full transaction will be * aborted anyway. */ if (unlikely(*erp)) goto finish; lblk1 += len; lblk2 += len; replaced_count += len; count -= len; repeat: ext4_ext_drop_refs(path1); kfree(path1); ext4_ext_drop_refs(path2); kfree(path2); path1 = path2 = NULL; } return replaced_count; } /* * ext4_clu_mapped - determine whether any block in a logical cluster has * been mapped to a physical cluster * * @inode - file containing the logical cluster * @lclu - logical cluster of interest * * Returns 1 if any block in the logical cluster is mapped, signifying * that a physical cluster has been allocated for it. Otherwise, * returns 0. Can also return negative error codes. Derived from * ext4_ext_map_blocks(). */ int ext4_clu_mapped(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lclu) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); struct ext4_ext_path *path; int depth, mapped = 0, err = 0; struct ext4_extent *extent; ext4_lblk_t first_lblk, first_lclu, last_lclu; /* search for the extent closest to the first block in the cluster */ path = ext4_find_extent(inode, EXT4_C2B(sbi, lclu), NULL, 0); if (IS_ERR(path)) { err = PTR_ERR(path); path = NULL; goto out; } depth = ext_depth(inode); /* * A consistent leaf must not be empty. This situation is possible, * though, _during_ tree modification, and it's why an assert can't * be put in ext4_find_extent(). */ if (unlikely(path[depth].p_ext == NULL && depth != 0)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "bad extent address - lblock: %lu, depth: %d, pblock: %lld", (unsigned long) EXT4_C2B(sbi, lclu), depth, path[depth].p_block); err = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto out; } extent = path[depth].p_ext; /* can't be mapped if the extent tree is empty */ if (extent == NULL) goto out; first_lblk = le32_to_cpu(extent->ee_block); first_lclu = EXT4_B2C(sbi, first_lblk); /* * Three possible outcomes at this point - found extent spanning * the target cluster, to the left of the target cluster, or to the * right of the target cluster. The first two cases are handled here. * The last case indicates the target cluster is not mapped. */ if (lclu >= first_lclu) { last_lclu = EXT4_B2C(sbi, first_lblk + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(extent) - 1); if (lclu <= last_lclu) { mapped = 1; } else { first_lblk = ext4_ext_next_allocated_block(path); first_lclu = EXT4_B2C(sbi, first_lblk); if (lclu == first_lclu) mapped = 1; } } out: ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); return err ? err : mapped; } /* * Updates physical block address and unwritten status of extent * starting at lblk start and of len. If such an extent doesn't exist, * this function splits the extent tree appropriately to create an * extent like this. This function is called in the fast commit * replay path. Returns 0 on success and error on failure. */ int ext4_ext_replay_update_ex(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t start, int len, int unwritten, ext4_fsblk_t pblk) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = NULL, *ppath; struct ext4_extent *ex; int ret; path = ext4_find_extent(inode, start, NULL, 0); if (IS_ERR(path)) return PTR_ERR(path); ex = path[path->p_depth].p_ext; if (!ex) { ret = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto out; } if (le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) != start || ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex) != len) { /* We need to split this extent to match our extent first */ ppath = path; down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); ret = ext4_force_split_extent_at(NULL, inode, &ppath, start, 1); up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); if (ret) goto out; kfree(path); path = ext4_find_extent(inode, start, NULL, 0); if (IS_ERR(path)) return -1; ppath = path; ex = path[path->p_depth].p_ext; WARN_ON(le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) != start); if (ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex) != len) { down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); ret = ext4_force_split_extent_at(NULL, inode, &ppath, start + len, 1); up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); if (ret) goto out; kfree(path); path = ext4_find_extent(inode, start, NULL, 0); if (IS_ERR(path)) return -EINVAL; ex = path[path->p_depth].p_ext; } } if (unwritten) ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(ex); else ext4_ext_mark_initialized(ex); ext4_ext_store_pblock(ex, pblk); down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); ret = ext4_ext_dirty(NULL, inode, &path[path->p_depth]); up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); out: ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); ext4_mark_inode_dirty(NULL, inode); return ret; } /* Try to shrink the extent tree */ void ext4_ext_replay_shrink_inode(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t end) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = NULL; struct ext4_extent *ex; ext4_lblk_t old_cur, cur = 0; while (cur < end) { path = ext4_find_extent(inode, cur, NULL, 0); if (IS_ERR(path)) return; ex = path[path->p_depth].p_ext; if (!ex) { ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); ext4_mark_inode_dirty(NULL, inode); return; } old_cur = cur; cur = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); if (cur <= old_cur) cur = old_cur + 1; ext4_ext_try_to_merge(NULL, inode, path, ex); down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); ext4_ext_dirty(NULL, inode, &path[path->p_depth]); up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); ext4_mark_inode_dirty(NULL, inode); ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); } } /* Check if *cur is a hole and if it is, skip it */ static int skip_hole(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t *cur) { int ret; struct ext4_map_blocks map; map.m_lblk = *cur; map.m_len = ((inode->i_size) >> inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits) - *cur; ret = ext4_map_blocks(NULL, inode, &map, 0); if (ret < 0) return ret; if (ret != 0) return 0; *cur = *cur + map.m_len; return 0; } /* Count number of blocks used by this inode and update i_blocks */ int ext4_ext_replay_set_iblocks(struct inode *inode) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = NULL, *path2 = NULL; struct ext4_extent *ex; ext4_lblk_t cur = 0, end; int numblks = 0, i, ret = 0; ext4_fsblk_t cmp1, cmp2; struct ext4_map_blocks map; /* Determin the size of the file first */ path = ext4_find_extent(inode, EXT_MAX_BLOCKS - 1, NULL, EXT4_EX_NOCACHE); if (IS_ERR(path)) return PTR_ERR(path); ex = path[path->p_depth].p_ext; if (!ex) { ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); goto out; } end = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); /* Count the number of data blocks */ cur = 0; while (cur < end) { map.m_lblk = cur; map.m_len = end - cur; ret = ext4_map_blocks(NULL, inode, &map, 0); if (ret < 0) break; if (ret > 0) numblks += ret; cur = cur + map.m_len; } /* * Count the number of extent tree blocks. We do it by looking up * two successive extents and determining the difference between * their paths. When path is different for 2 successive extents * we compare the blocks in the path at each level and increment * iblocks by total number of differences found. */ cur = 0; ret = skip_hole(inode, &cur); if (ret < 0) goto out; path = ext4_find_extent(inode, cur, NULL, 0); if (IS_ERR(path)) goto out; numblks += path->p_depth; ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); while (cur < end) { path = ext4_find_extent(inode, cur, NULL, 0); if (IS_ERR(path)) break; ex = path[path->p_depth].p_ext; if (!ex) { ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); return 0; } cur = max(cur + 1, le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex)); ret = skip_hole(inode, &cur); if (ret < 0) { ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); break; } path2 = ext4_find_extent(inode, cur, NULL, 0); if (IS_ERR(path2)) { ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); break; } ex = path2[path2->p_depth].p_ext; for (i = 0; i <= max(path->p_depth, path2->p_depth); i++) { cmp1 = cmp2 = 0; if (i <= path->p_depth) cmp1 = path[i].p_bh ? path[i].p_bh->b_blocknr : 0; if (i <= path2->p_depth) cmp2 = path2[i].p_bh ? path2[i].p_bh->b_blocknr : 0; if (cmp1 != cmp2 && cmp2 != 0) numblks++; } ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); ext4_ext_drop_refs(path2); kfree(path); kfree(path2); } out: inode->i_blocks = numblks << (inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits - 9); ext4_mark_inode_dirty(NULL, inode); return 0; } int ext4_ext_clear_bb(struct inode *inode) { struct ext4_ext_path *path = NULL; struct ext4_extent *ex; ext4_lblk_t cur = 0, end; int j, ret = 0; struct ext4_map_blocks map; /* Determin the size of the file first */ path = ext4_find_extent(inode, EXT_MAX_BLOCKS - 1, NULL, EXT4_EX_NOCACHE); if (IS_ERR(path)) return PTR_ERR(path); ex = path[path->p_depth].p_ext; if (!ex) { ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); return 0; } end = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block) + ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); cur = 0; while (cur < end) { map.m_lblk = cur; map.m_len = end - cur; ret = ext4_map_blocks(NULL, inode, &map, 0); if (ret < 0) break; if (ret > 0) { path = ext4_find_extent(inode, map.m_lblk, NULL, 0); if (!IS_ERR_OR_NULL(path)) { for (j = 0; j < path->p_depth; j++) { ext4_mb_mark_bb(inode->i_sb, path[j].p_block, 1, 0); } ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); } ext4_mb_mark_bb(inode->i_sb, map.m_pblk, map.m_len, 0); } cur = cur + map.m_len; } return 0; }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SWAPOPS_H #define _LINUX_SWAPOPS_H #include <linux/radix-tree.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #ifdef CONFIG_MMU /* * swapcache pages are stored in the swapper_space radix tree. We want to * get good packing density in that tree, so the index should be dense in * the low-order bits. * * We arrange the `type' and `offset' fields so that `type' is at the seven * high-order bits of the swp_entry_t and `offset' is right-aligned in the * remaining bits. Although `type' itself needs only five bits, we allow for * shmem/tmpfs to shift it all up a further two bits: see swp_to_radix_entry(). * * swp_entry_t's are *never* stored anywhere in their arch-dependent format. */ #define SWP_TYPE_SHIFT (BITS_PER_XA_VALUE - MAX_SWAPFILES_SHIFT) #define SWP_OFFSET_MASK ((1UL << SWP_TYPE_SHIFT) - 1) /* Clear all flags but only keep swp_entry_t related information */ static inline pte_t pte_swp_clear_flags(pte_t pte) { if (pte_swp_soft_dirty(pte)) pte = pte_swp_clear_soft_dirty(pte); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(pte)) pte = pte_swp_clear_uffd_wp(pte); return pte; } /* * Store a type+offset into a swp_entry_t in an arch-independent format */ static inline swp_entry_t swp_entry(unsigned long type, pgoff_t offset) { swp_entry_t ret; ret.val = (type << SWP_TYPE_SHIFT) | (offset & SWP_OFFSET_MASK); return ret; } /* * Extract the `type' field from a swp_entry_t. The swp_entry_t is in * arch-independent format */ static inline unsigned swp_type(swp_entry_t entry) { return (entry.val >> SWP_TYPE_SHIFT); } /* * Extract the `offset' field from a swp_entry_t. The swp_entry_t is in * arch-independent format */ static inline pgoff_t swp_offset(swp_entry_t entry) { return entry.val & SWP_OFFSET_MASK; } /* check whether a pte points to a swap entry */ static inline int is_swap_pte(pte_t pte) { return !pte_none(pte) && !pte_present(pte); } /* * Convert the arch-dependent pte representation of a swp_entry_t into an * arch-independent swp_entry_t. */ static inline swp_entry_t pte_to_swp_entry(pte_t pte) { swp_entry_t arch_entry; pte = pte_swp_clear_flags(pte); arch_entry = __pte_to_swp_entry(pte); return swp_entry(__swp_type(arch_entry), __swp_offset(arch_entry)); } /* * Convert the arch-independent representation of a swp_entry_t into the * arch-dependent pte representation. */ static inline pte_t swp_entry_to_pte(swp_entry_t entry) { swp_entry_t arch_entry; arch_entry = __swp_entry(swp_type(entry), swp_offset(entry)); return __swp_entry_to_pte(arch_entry); } static inline swp_entry_t radix_to_swp_entry(void *arg) { swp_entry_t entry; entry.val = xa_to_value(arg); return entry; } static inline void *swp_to_radix_entry(swp_entry_t entry) { return xa_mk_value(entry.val); } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEVICE_PRIVATE) static inline swp_entry_t make_device_private_entry(struct page *page, bool write) { return swp_entry(write ? SWP_DEVICE_WRITE : SWP_DEVICE_READ, page_to_pfn(page)); } static inline bool is_device_private_entry(swp_entry_t entry) { int type = swp_type(entry); return type == SWP_DEVICE_READ || type == SWP_DEVICE_WRITE; } static inline void make_device_private_entry_read(swp_entry_t *entry) { *entry = swp_entry(SWP_DEVICE_READ, swp_offset(*entry)); } static inline bool is_write_device_private_entry(swp_entry_t entry) { return unlikely(swp_type(entry) == SWP_DEVICE_WRITE); } static inline unsigned long device_private_entry_to_pfn(swp_entry_t entry) { return swp_offset(entry); } static inline struct page *device_private_entry_to_page(swp_entry_t entry) { return pfn_to_page(swp_offset(entry)); } #else /* CONFIG_DEVICE_PRIVATE */ static inline swp_entry_t make_device_private_entry(struct page *page, bool write) { return swp_entry(0, 0); } static inline void make_device_private_entry_read(swp_entry_t *entry) { } static inline bool is_device_private_entry(swp_entry_t entry) { return false; } static inline bool is_write_device_private_entry(swp_entry_t entry) { return false; } static inline unsigned long device_private_entry_to_pfn(swp_entry_t entry) { return 0; } static inline struct page *device_private_entry_to_page(swp_entry_t entry) { return NULL; } #endif /* CONFIG_DEVICE_PRIVATE */ #ifdef CONFIG_MIGRATION static inline swp_entry_t make_migration_entry(struct page *page, int write) { BUG_ON(!PageLocked(compound_head(page))); return swp_entry(write ? SWP_MIGRATION_WRITE : SWP_MIGRATION_READ, page_to_pfn(page)); } static inline int is_migration_entry(swp_entry_t entry) { return unlikely(swp_type(entry) == SWP_MIGRATION_READ || swp_type(entry) == SWP_MIGRATION_WRITE); } static inline int is_write_migration_entry(swp_entry_t entry) { return unlikely(swp_type(entry) == SWP_MIGRATION_WRITE); } static inline unsigned long migration_entry_to_pfn(swp_entry_t entry) { return swp_offset(entry); } static inline struct page *migration_entry_to_page(swp_entry_t entry) { struct page *p = pfn_to_page(swp_offset(entry)); /* * Any use of migration entries may only occur while the * corresponding page is locked */ BUG_ON(!PageLocked(compound_head(p))); return p; } static inline void make_migration_entry_read(swp_entry_t *entry) { *entry = swp_entry(SWP_MIGRATION_READ, swp_offset(*entry)); } extern void __migration_entry_wait(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *ptep, spinlock_t *ptl); extern void migration_entry_wait(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long address); extern void migration_entry_wait_huge(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte); #else #define make_migration_entry(page, write) swp_entry(0, 0) static inline int is_migration_entry(swp_entry_t swp) { return 0; } static inline unsigned long migration_entry_to_pfn(swp_entry_t entry) { return 0; } static inline struct page *migration_entry_to_page(swp_entry_t entry) { return NULL; } static inline void make_migration_entry_read(swp_entry_t *entryp) { } static inline void __migration_entry_wait(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *ptep, spinlock_t *ptl) { } static inline void migration_entry_wait(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long address) { } static inline void migration_entry_wait_huge(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte) { } static inline int is_write_migration_entry(swp_entry_t entry) { return 0; } #endif struct page_vma_mapped_walk; #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_ENABLE_THP_MIGRATION extern void set_pmd_migration_entry(struct page_vma_mapped_walk *pvmw, struct page *page); extern void remove_migration_pmd(struct page_vma_mapped_walk *pvmw, struct page *new); extern void pmd_migration_entry_wait(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd); static inline swp_entry_t pmd_to_swp_entry(pmd_t pmd) { swp_entry_t arch_entry; if (pmd_swp_soft_dirty(pmd)) pmd = pmd_swp_clear_soft_dirty(pmd); if (pmd_swp_uffd_wp(pmd)) pmd = pmd_swp_clear_uffd_wp(pmd); arch_entry = __pmd_to_swp_entry(pmd); return swp_entry(__swp_type(arch_entry), __swp_offset(arch_entry)); } static inline pmd_t swp_entry_to_pmd(swp_entry_t entry) { swp_entry_t arch_entry; arch_entry = __swp_entry(swp_type(entry), swp_offset(entry)); return __swp_entry_to_pmd(arch_entry); } static inline int is_pmd_migration_entry(pmd_t pmd) { return !pmd_present(pmd) && is_migration_entry(pmd_to_swp_entry(pmd)); } #else static inline void set_pmd_migration_entry(struct page_vma_mapped_walk *pvmw, struct page *page) { BUILD_BUG(); } static inline void remove_migration_pmd(struct page_vma_mapped_walk *pvmw, struct page *new) { BUILD_BUG(); } static inline void pmd_migration_entry_wait(struct mm_struct *m, pmd_t *p) { } static inline swp_entry_t pmd_to_swp_entry(pmd_t pmd) { return swp_entry(0, 0); } static inline pmd_t swp_entry_to_pmd(swp_entry_t entry) { return __pmd(0); } static inline int is_pmd_migration_entry(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_FAILURE extern atomic_long_t num_poisoned_pages __read_mostly; /* * Support for hardware poisoned pages */ static inline swp_entry_t make_hwpoison_entry(struct page *page) { BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page)); return swp_entry(SWP_HWPOISON, page_to_pfn(page)); } static inline int is_hwpoison_entry(swp_entry_t entry) { return swp_type(entry) == SWP_HWPOISON; } static inline void num_poisoned_pages_inc(void) { atomic_long_inc(&num_poisoned_pages); } static inline void num_poisoned_pages_dec(void) { atomic_long_dec(&num_poisoned_pages); } #else static inline swp_entry_t make_hwpoison_entry(struct page *page) { return swp_entry(0, 0); } static inline int is_hwpoison_entry(swp_entry_t swp) { return 0; } static inline void num_poisoned_pages_inc(void) { } #endif #if defined(CONFIG_MEMORY_FAILURE) || defined(CONFIG_MIGRATION) || \ defined(CONFIG_DEVICE_PRIVATE) static inline int non_swap_entry(swp_entry_t entry) { return swp_type(entry) >= MAX_SWAPFILES; } #else static inline int non_swap_entry(swp_entry_t entry) { return 0; } #endif #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ #endif /* _LINUX_SWAPOPS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Symmetric key ciphers. * * Copyright (c) 2007 Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au> */ #ifndef _CRYPTO_INTERNAL_SKCIPHER_H #define _CRYPTO_INTERNAL_SKCIPHER_H #include <crypto/algapi.h> #include <crypto/skcipher.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/types.h> struct aead_request; struct rtattr; struct skcipher_instance { void (*free)(struct skcipher_instance *inst); union { struct { char head[offsetof(struct skcipher_alg, base)]; struct crypto_instance base; } s; struct skcipher_alg alg; }; }; struct crypto_skcipher_spawn { struct crypto_spawn base; }; struct skcipher_walk { union { struct { struct page *page; unsigned long offset; } phys; struct { u8 *page; void *addr; } virt; } src, dst; struct scatter_walk in; unsigned int nbytes; struct scatter_walk out; unsigned int total; struct list_head buffers; u8 *page; u8 *buffer; u8 *oiv; void *iv; unsigned int ivsize; int flags; unsigned int blocksize; unsigned int stride; unsigned int alignmask; }; static inline struct crypto_instance *skcipher_crypto_instance( struct skcipher_instance *inst) { return &inst->s.base; } static inline struct skcipher_instance *skcipher_alg_instance( struct crypto_skcipher *skcipher) { return container_of(crypto_skcipher_alg(skcipher), struct skcipher_instance, alg); } static inline void *skcipher_instance_ctx(struct skcipher_instance *inst) { return crypto_instance_ctx(skcipher_crypto_instance(inst)); } static inline void skcipher_request_complete(struct skcipher_request *req, int err) { req->base.complete(&req->base, err); } int crypto_grab_skcipher(struct crypto_skcipher_spawn *spawn, struct crypto_instance *inst, const char *name, u32 type, u32 mask); static inline void crypto_drop_skcipher(struct crypto_skcipher_spawn *spawn) { crypto_drop_spawn(&spawn->base); } static inline struct skcipher_alg *crypto_skcipher_spawn_alg( struct crypto_skcipher_spawn *spawn) { return container_of(spawn->base.alg, struct skcipher_alg, base); } static inline struct skcipher_alg *crypto_spawn_skcipher_alg( struct crypto_skcipher_spawn *spawn) { return crypto_skcipher_spawn_alg(spawn); } static inline struct crypto_skcipher *crypto_spawn_skcipher( struct crypto_skcipher_spawn *spawn) { return crypto_spawn_tfm2(&spawn->base); } static inline void crypto_skcipher_set_reqsize( struct crypto_skcipher *skcipher, unsigned int reqsize) { skcipher->reqsize = reqsize; } int crypto_register_skcipher(struct skcipher_alg *alg); void crypto_unregister_skcipher(struct skcipher_alg *alg); int crypto_register_skciphers(struct skcipher_alg *algs, int count); void crypto_unregister_skciphers(struct skcipher_alg *algs, int count); int skcipher_register_instance(struct crypto_template *tmpl, struct skcipher_instance *inst); int skcipher_walk_done(struct skcipher_walk *walk, int err); int skcipher_walk_virt(struct skcipher_walk *walk, struct skcipher_request *req, bool atomic); void skcipher_walk_atomise(struct skcipher_walk *walk); int skcipher_walk_async(struct skcipher_walk *walk, struct skcipher_request *req); int skcipher_walk_aead_encrypt(struct skcipher_walk *walk, struct aead_request *req, bool atomic); int skcipher_walk_aead_decrypt(struct skcipher_walk *walk, struct aead_request *req, bool atomic); void skcipher_walk_complete(struct skcipher_walk *walk, int err); static inline void skcipher_walk_abort(struct skcipher_walk *walk) { skcipher_walk_done(walk, -ECANCELED); } static inline void *crypto_skcipher_ctx(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_ctx(&tfm->base); } static inline void *skcipher_request_ctx(struct skcipher_request *req) { return req->__ctx; } static inline u32 skcipher_request_flags(struct skcipher_request *req) { return req->base.flags; } static inline unsigned int crypto_skcipher_alg_min_keysize( struct skcipher_alg *alg) { return alg->min_keysize; } static inline unsigned int crypto_skcipher_alg_max_keysize( struct skcipher_alg *alg) { return alg->max_keysize; } static inline unsigned int crypto_skcipher_alg_walksize( struct skcipher_alg *alg) { return alg->walksize; } /** * crypto_skcipher_walksize() - obtain walk size * @tfm: cipher handle * * In some cases, algorithms can only perform optimally when operating on * multiple blocks in parallel. This is reflected by the walksize, which * must be a multiple of the chunksize (or equal if the concern does not * apply) * * Return: walk size in bytes */ static inline unsigned int crypto_skcipher_walksize( struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { return crypto_skcipher_alg_walksize(crypto_skcipher_alg(tfm)); } /* Helpers for simple block cipher modes of operation */ struct skcipher_ctx_simple { struct crypto_cipher *cipher; /* underlying block cipher */ }; static inline struct crypto_cipher * skcipher_cipher_simple(struct crypto_skcipher *tfm) { struct skcipher_ctx_simple *ctx = crypto_skcipher_ctx(tfm); return ctx->cipher; } struct skcipher_instance *skcipher_alloc_instance_simple( struct crypto_template *tmpl, struct rtattr **tb); static inline struct crypto_alg *skcipher_ialg_simple( struct skcipher_instance *inst) { struct crypto_cipher_spawn *spawn = skcipher_instance_ctx(inst); return crypto_spawn_cipher_alg(spawn); } #endif /* _CRYPTO_INTERNAL_SKCIPHER_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Authors: Lotsa people, from code originally in tcp */ #ifndef _INET_HASHTABLES_H #define _INET_HASHTABLES_H #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/ip.h> #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/socket.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <net/inet_connection_sock.h> #include <net/inet_sock.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <net/route.h> #include <net/tcp_states.h> #include <net/netns/hash.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <asm/byteorder.h> /* This is for all connections with a full identity, no wildcards. * The 'e' prefix stands for Establish, but we really put all sockets * but LISTEN ones. */ struct inet_ehash_bucket { struct hlist_nulls_head chain; }; /* There are a few simple rules, which allow for local port reuse by * an application. In essence: * * 1) Sockets bound to different interfaces may share a local port. * Failing that, goto test 2. * 2) If all sockets have sk->sk_reuse set, and none of them are in * TCP_LISTEN state, the port may be shared. * Failing that, goto test 3. * 3) If all sockets are bound to a specific inet_sk(sk)->rcv_saddr local * address, and none of them are the same, the port may be * shared. * Failing this, the port cannot be shared. * * The interesting point, is test #2. This is what an FTP server does * all day. To optimize this case we use a specific flag bit defined * below. As we add sockets to a bind bucket list, we perform a * check of: (newsk->sk_reuse && (newsk->sk_state != TCP_LISTEN)) * As long as all sockets added to a bind bucket pass this test, * the flag bit will be set. * The resulting situation is that tcp_v[46]_verify_bind() can just check * for this flag bit, if it is set and the socket trying to bind has * sk->sk_reuse set, we don't even have to walk the owners list at all, * we return that it is ok to bind this socket to the requested local port. * * Sounds like a lot of work, but it is worth it. In a more naive * implementation (ie. current FreeBSD etc.) the entire list of ports * must be walked for each data port opened by an ftp server. Needless * to say, this does not scale at all. With a couple thousand FTP * users logged onto your box, isn't it nice to know that new data * ports are created in O(1) time? I thought so. ;-) -DaveM */ #define FASTREUSEPORT_ANY 1 #define FASTREUSEPORT_STRICT 2 struct inet_bind_bucket { possible_net_t ib_net; int l3mdev; unsigned short port; signed char fastreuse; signed char fastreuseport; kuid_t fastuid; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) struct in6_addr fast_v6_rcv_saddr; #endif __be32 fast_rcv_saddr; unsigned short fast_sk_family; bool fast_ipv6_only; struct hlist_node node; struct hlist_head owners; }; static inline struct net *ib_net(struct inet_bind_bucket *ib) { return read_pnet(&ib->ib_net); } #define inet_bind_bucket_for_each(tb, head) \ hlist_for_each_entry(tb, head, node) struct inet_bind_hashbucket { spinlock_t lock; struct hlist_head chain; }; /* Sockets can be hashed in established or listening table. * We must use different 'nulls' end-of-chain value for all hash buckets : * A socket might transition from ESTABLISH to LISTEN state without * RCU grace period. A lookup in ehash table needs to handle this case. */ #define LISTENING_NULLS_BASE (1U << 29) struct inet_listen_hashbucket { spinlock_t lock; unsigned int count; union { struct hlist_head head; struct hlist_nulls_head nulls_head; }; }; /* This is for listening sockets, thus all sockets which possess wildcards. */ #define INET_LHTABLE_SIZE 32 /* Yes, really, this is all you need. */ struct inet_hashinfo { /* This is for sockets with full identity only. Sockets here will * always be without wildcards and will have the following invariant: * * TCP_ESTABLISHED <= sk->sk_state < TCP_CLOSE * */ struct inet_ehash_bucket *ehash; spinlock_t *ehash_locks; unsigned int ehash_mask; unsigned int ehash_locks_mask; /* Ok, let's try this, I give up, we do need a local binding * TCP hash as well as the others for fast bind/connect. */ struct kmem_cache *bind_bucket_cachep; struct inet_bind_hashbucket *bhash; unsigned int bhash_size; /* The 2nd listener table hashed by local port and address */ unsigned int lhash2_mask; struct inet_listen_hashbucket *lhash2; /* All the above members are written once at bootup and * never written again _or_ are predominantly read-access. * * Now align to a new cache line as all the following members * might be often dirty. */ /* All sockets in TCP_LISTEN state will be in listening_hash. * This is the only table where wildcard'd TCP sockets can * exist. listening_hash is only hashed by local port number. * If lhash2 is initialized, the same socket will also be hashed * to lhash2 by port and address. */ struct inet_listen_hashbucket listening_hash[INET_LHTABLE_SIZE] ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; }; #define inet_lhash2_for_each_icsk_rcu(__icsk, list) \ hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(__icsk, list, icsk_listen_portaddr_node) static inline struct inet_listen_hashbucket * inet_lhash2_bucket(struct inet_hashinfo *h, u32 hash) { return &h->lhash2[hash & h->lhash2_mask]; } static inline struct inet_ehash_bucket *inet_ehash_bucket( struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, unsigned int hash) { return &hashinfo->ehash[hash & hashinfo->ehash_mask]; } static inline spinlock_t *inet_ehash_lockp( struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, unsigned int hash) { return &hashinfo->ehash_locks[hash & hashinfo->ehash_locks_mask]; } int inet_ehash_locks_alloc(struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo); static inline void inet_hashinfo2_free_mod(struct inet_hashinfo *h) { kfree(h->lhash2); h->lhash2 = NULL; } static inline void inet_ehash_locks_free(struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo) { kvfree(hashinfo->ehash_locks); hashinfo->ehash_locks = NULL; } static inline bool inet_sk_bound_dev_eq(struct net *net, int bound_dev_if, int dif, int sdif) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_L3_MASTER_DEV) return inet_bound_dev_eq(!!net->ipv4.sysctl_tcp_l3mdev_accept, bound_dev_if, dif, sdif); #else return inet_bound_dev_eq(true, bound_dev_if, dif, sdif); #endif } struct inet_bind_bucket * inet_bind_bucket_create(struct kmem_cache *cachep, struct net *net, struct inet_bind_hashbucket *head, const unsigned short snum, int l3mdev); void inet_bind_bucket_destroy(struct kmem_cache *cachep, struct inet_bind_bucket *tb); static inline u32 inet_bhashfn(const struct net *net, const __u16 lport, const u32 bhash_size) { return (lport + net_hash_mix(net)) & (bhash_size - 1); } void inet_bind_hash(struct sock *sk, struct inet_bind_bucket *tb, const unsigned short snum); /* These can have wildcards, don't try too hard. */ static inline u32 inet_lhashfn(const struct net *net, const unsigned short num) { return (num + net_hash_mix(net)) & (INET_LHTABLE_SIZE - 1); } static inline int inet_sk_listen_hashfn(const struct sock *sk) { return inet_lhashfn(sock_net(sk), inet_sk(sk)->inet_num); } /* Caller must disable local BH processing. */ int __inet_inherit_port(const struct sock *sk, struct sock *child); void inet_put_port(struct sock *sk); void inet_hashinfo_init(struct inet_hashinfo *h); void inet_hashinfo2_init(struct inet_hashinfo *h, const char *name, unsigned long numentries, int scale, unsigned long low_limit, unsigned long high_limit); int inet_hashinfo2_init_mod(struct inet_hashinfo *h); bool inet_ehash_insert(struct sock *sk, struct sock *osk, bool *found_dup_sk); bool inet_ehash_nolisten(struct sock *sk, struct sock *osk, bool *found_dup_sk); int __inet_hash(struct sock *sk, struct sock *osk); int inet_hash(struct sock *sk); void inet_unhash(struct sock *sk); struct sock *__inet_lookup_listener(struct net *net, struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, struct sk_buff *skb, int doff, const __be32 saddr, const __be16 sport, const __be32 daddr, const unsigned short hnum, const int dif, const int sdif); static inline struct sock *inet_lookup_listener(struct net *net, struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, struct sk_buff *skb, int doff, __be32 saddr, __be16 sport, __be32 daddr, __be16 dport, int dif, int sdif) { return __inet_lookup_listener(net, hashinfo, skb, doff, saddr, sport, daddr, ntohs(dport), dif, sdif); } /* Socket demux engine toys. */ /* What happens here is ugly; there's a pair of adjacent fields in struct inet_sock; __be16 dport followed by __u16 num. We want to search by pair, so we combine the keys into a single 32bit value and compare with 32bit value read from &...->dport. Let's at least make sure that it's not mixed with anything else... On 64bit targets we combine comparisons with pair of adjacent __be32 fields in the same way. */ #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN #define INET_COMBINED_PORTS(__sport, __dport) \ ((__force __portpair)(((__force __u32)(__be16)(__sport) << 16) | (__u32)(__dport))) #else /* __LITTLE_ENDIAN */ #define INET_COMBINED_PORTS(__sport, __dport) \ ((__force __portpair)(((__u32)(__dport) << 16) | (__force __u32)(__be16)(__sport))) #endif #if (BITS_PER_LONG == 64) #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN #define INET_ADDR_COOKIE(__name, __saddr, __daddr) \ const __addrpair __name = (__force __addrpair) ( \ (((__force __u64)(__be32)(__saddr)) << 32) | \ ((__force __u64)(__be32)(__daddr))) #else /* __LITTLE_ENDIAN */ #define INET_ADDR_COOKIE(__name, __saddr, __daddr) \ const __addrpair __name = (__force __addrpair) ( \ (((__force __u64)(__be32)(__daddr)) << 32) | \ ((__force __u64)(__be32)(__saddr))) #endif /* __BIG_ENDIAN */ #define INET_MATCH(__sk, __net, __cookie, __saddr, __daddr, __ports, __dif, __sdif) \ (((__sk)->sk_portpair == (__ports)) && \ ((__sk)->sk_addrpair == (__cookie)) && \ (((__sk)->sk_bound_dev_if == (__dif)) || \ ((__sk)->sk_bound_dev_if == (__sdif))) && \ net_eq(sock_net(__sk), (__net))) #else /* 32-bit arch */ #define INET_ADDR_COOKIE(__name, __saddr, __daddr) \ const int __name __deprecated __attribute__((unused)) #define INET_MATCH(__sk, __net, __cookie, __saddr, __daddr, __ports, __dif, __sdif) \ (((__sk)->sk_portpair == (__ports)) && \ ((__sk)->sk_daddr == (__saddr)) && \ ((__sk)->sk_rcv_saddr == (__daddr)) && \ (((__sk)->sk_bound_dev_if == (__dif)) || \ ((__sk)->sk_bound_dev_if == (__sdif))) && \ net_eq(sock_net(__sk), (__net))) #endif /* 64-bit arch */ /* Sockets in TCP_CLOSE state are _always_ taken out of the hash, so we need * not check it for lookups anymore, thanks Alexey. -DaveM */ struct sock *__inet_lookup_established(struct net *net, struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, const __be32 saddr, const __be16 sport, const __be32 daddr, const u16 hnum, const int dif, const int sdif); static inline struct sock * inet_lookup_established(struct net *net, struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, const __be32 saddr, const __be16 sport, const __be32 daddr, const __be16 dport, const int dif) { return __inet_lookup_established(net, hashinfo, saddr, sport, daddr, ntohs(dport), dif, 0); } static inline struct sock *__inet_lookup(struct net *net, struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, struct sk_buff *skb, int doff, const __be32 saddr, const __be16 sport, const __be32 daddr, const __be16 dport, const int dif, const int sdif, bool *refcounted) { u16 hnum = ntohs(dport); struct sock *sk; sk = __inet_lookup_established(net, hashinfo, saddr, sport, daddr, hnum, dif, sdif); *refcounted = true; if (sk) return sk; *refcounted = false; return __inet_lookup_listener(net, hashinfo, skb, doff, saddr, sport, daddr, hnum, dif, sdif); } static inline struct sock *inet_lookup(struct net *net, struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, struct sk_buff *skb, int doff, const __be32 saddr, const __be16 sport, const __be32 daddr, const __be16 dport, const int dif) { struct sock *sk; bool refcounted; sk = __inet_lookup(net, hashinfo, skb, doff, saddr, sport, daddr, dport, dif, 0, &refcounted); if (sk && !refcounted && !refcount_inc_not_zero(&sk->sk_refcnt)) sk = NULL; return sk; } static inline struct sock *__inet_lookup_skb(struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, struct sk_buff *skb, int doff, const __be16 sport, const __be16 dport, const int sdif, bool *refcounted) { struct sock *sk = skb_steal_sock(skb, refcounted); const struct iphdr *iph = ip_hdr(skb); if (sk) return sk; return __inet_lookup(dev_net(skb_dst(skb)->dev), hashinfo, skb, doff, iph->saddr, sport, iph->daddr, dport, inet_iif(skb), sdif, refcounted); } u32 inet6_ehashfn(const struct net *net, const struct in6_addr *laddr, const u16 lport, const struct in6_addr *faddr, const __be16 fport); static inline void sk_daddr_set(struct sock *sk, __be32 addr) { sk->sk_daddr = addr; /* alias of inet_daddr */ #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) ipv6_addr_set_v4mapped(addr, &sk->sk_v6_daddr); #endif } static inline void sk_rcv_saddr_set(struct sock *sk, __be32 addr) { sk->sk_rcv_saddr = addr; /* alias of inet_rcv_saddr */ #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) ipv6_addr_set_v4mapped(addr, &sk->sk_v6_rcv_saddr); #endif } int __inet_hash_connect(struct inet_timewait_death_row *death_row, struct sock *sk, u32 port_offset, int (*check_established)(struct inet_timewait_death_row *, struct sock *, __u16, struct inet_timewait_sock **)); int inet_hash_connect(struct inet_timewait_death_row *death_row, struct sock *sk); #endif /* _INET_HASHTABLES_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __FIRMWARE_LOADER_H #define __FIRMWARE_LOADER_H #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/firmware.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/kref.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/completion.h> #include <generated/utsrelease.h> /** * enum fw_opt - options to control firmware loading behaviour * * @FW_OPT_UEVENT: Enables the fallback mechanism to send a kobject uevent * when the firmware is not found. Userspace is in charge to load the * firmware using the sysfs loading facility. * @FW_OPT_NOWAIT: Used to describe the firmware request is asynchronous. * @FW_OPT_USERHELPER: Enable the fallback mechanism, in case the direct * filesystem lookup fails at finding the firmware. For details refer to * firmware_fallback_sysfs(). * @FW_OPT_NO_WARN: Quiet, avoid printing warning messages. * @FW_OPT_NOCACHE: Disables firmware caching. Firmware caching is used to * cache the firmware upon suspend, so that upon resume races against the * firmware file lookup on storage is avoided. Used for calls where the * file may be too big, or where the driver takes charge of its own * firmware caching mechanism. * @FW_OPT_NOFALLBACK_SYSFS: Disable the sysfs fallback mechanism. Takes * precedence over &FW_OPT_UEVENT and &FW_OPT_USERHELPER. * @FW_OPT_FALLBACK_PLATFORM: Enable fallback to device fw copy embedded in * the platform's main firmware. If both this fallback and the sysfs * fallback are enabled, then this fallback will be tried first. * @FW_OPT_PARTIAL: Allow partial read of firmware instead of needing to read * entire file. */ enum fw_opt { FW_OPT_UEVENT = BIT(0), FW_OPT_NOWAIT = BIT(1), FW_OPT_USERHELPER = BIT(2), FW_OPT_NO_WARN = BIT(3), FW_OPT_NOCACHE = BIT(4), FW_OPT_NOFALLBACK_SYSFS = BIT(5), FW_OPT_FALLBACK_PLATFORM = BIT(6), FW_OPT_PARTIAL = BIT(7), }; enum fw_status { FW_STATUS_UNKNOWN, FW_STATUS_LOADING, FW_STATUS_DONE, FW_STATUS_ABORTED, }; /* * Concurrent request_firmware() for the same firmware need to be * serialized. struct fw_state is simple state machine which hold the * state of the firmware loading. */ struct fw_state { struct completion completion; enum fw_status status; }; struct fw_priv { struct kref ref; struct list_head list; struct firmware_cache *fwc; struct fw_state fw_st; void *data; size_t size; size_t allocated_size; size_t offset; u32 opt_flags; #ifdef CONFIG_FW_LOADER_PAGED_BUF bool is_paged_buf; struct page **pages; int nr_pages; int page_array_size; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FW_LOADER_USER_HELPER bool need_uevent; struct list_head pending_list; #endif const char *fw_name; }; extern struct mutex fw_lock; static inline bool __fw_state_check(struct fw_priv *fw_priv, enum fw_status status) { struct fw_state *fw_st = &fw_priv->fw_st; return fw_st->status == status; } static inline int __fw_state_wait_common(struct fw_priv *fw_priv, long timeout) { struct fw_state *fw_st = &fw_priv->fw_st; long ret; ret = wait_for_completion_killable_timeout(&fw_st->completion, timeout); if (ret != 0 && fw_st->status == FW_STATUS_ABORTED) return -ENOENT; if (!ret) return -ETIMEDOUT; return ret < 0 ? ret : 0; } static inline void __fw_state_set(struct fw_priv *fw_priv, enum fw_status status) { struct fw_state *fw_st = &fw_priv->fw_st; WRITE_ONCE(fw_st->status, status); if (status == FW_STATUS_DONE || status == FW_STATUS_ABORTED) { #ifdef CONFIG_FW_LOADER_USER_HELPER /* * Doing this here ensures that the fw_priv is deleted from * the pending list in all abort/done paths. */ list_del_init(&fw_priv->pending_list); #endif complete_all(&fw_st->completion); } } static inline void fw_state_aborted(struct fw_priv *fw_priv) { __fw_state_set(fw_priv, FW_STATUS_ABORTED); } static inline bool fw_state_is_aborted(struct fw_priv *fw_priv) { return __fw_state_check(fw_priv, FW_STATUS_ABORTED); } static inline void fw_state_start(struct fw_priv *fw_priv) { __fw_state_set(fw_priv, FW_STATUS_LOADING); } static inline void fw_state_done(struct fw_priv *fw_priv) { __fw_state_set(fw_priv, FW_STATUS_DONE); } int assign_fw(struct firmware *fw, struct device *device); #ifdef CONFIG_FW_LOADER_PAGED_BUF void fw_free_paged_buf(struct fw_priv *fw_priv); int fw_grow_paged_buf(struct fw_priv *fw_priv, int pages_needed); int fw_map_paged_buf(struct fw_priv *fw_priv); bool fw_is_paged_buf(struct fw_priv *fw_priv); #else static inline void fw_free_paged_buf(struct fw_priv *fw_priv) {} static inline int fw_grow_paged_buf(struct fw_priv *fw_priv, int pages_needed) { return -ENXIO; } static inline int fw_map_paged_buf(struct fw_priv *fw_priv) { return -ENXIO; } static inline bool fw_is_paged_buf(struct fw_priv *fw_priv) { return false; } #endif #endif /* __FIRMWARE_LOADER_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_TLB_H #define _ASM_X86_TLB_H #define tlb_start_vma(tlb, vma) do { } while (0) #define tlb_end_vma(tlb, vma) do { } while (0) #define __tlb_remove_tlb_entry(tlb, ptep, address) do { } while (0) #define tlb_flush tlb_flush static inline void tlb_flush(struct mmu_gather *tlb); #include <asm-generic/tlb.h> static inline void tlb_flush(struct mmu_gather *tlb) { unsigned long start = 0UL, end = TLB_FLUSH_ALL; unsigned int stride_shift = tlb_get_unmap_shift(tlb); if (!tlb->fullmm && !tlb->need_flush_all) { start = tlb->start; end = tlb->end; } flush_tlb_mm_range(tlb->mm, start, end, stride_shift, tlb->freed_tables); } /* * While x86 architecture in general requires an IPI to perform TLB * shootdown, enablement code for several hypervisors overrides * .flush_tlb_others hook in pv_mmu_ops and implements it by issuing * a hypercall. To keep software pagetable walkers safe in this case we * switch to RCU based table free (MMU_GATHER_RCU_TABLE_FREE). See the comment * below 'ifdef CONFIG_MMU_GATHER_RCU_TABLE_FREE' in include/asm-generic/tlb.h * for more details. */ static inline void __tlb_remove_table(void *table) { free_page_and_swap_cache(table); } #endif /* _ASM_X86_TLB_H */
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5211 5212 5213 5214 5215 5216 5217 5218 5219 5220 5221 5222 5223 5224 5225 5226 5227 5228 5229 5230 5231 5232 5233 5234 5235 5236 5237 5238 5239 5240 5241 5242 5243 5244 5245 5246 5247 5248 5249 5250 5251 5252 5253 5254 5255 5256 5257 5258 5259 5260 5261 5262 5263 5264 5265 5266 5267 5268 5269 5270 5271 5272 5273 5274 5275 5276 5277 5278 5279 5280 5281 5282 5283 5284 5285 5286 5287 5288 5289 5290 5291 5292 5293 5294 5295 5296 5297 5298 5299 5300 5301 5302 5303 5304 5305 5306 5307 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/mm/memory.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994 Linus Torvalds */ /* * demand-loading started 01.12.91 - seems it is high on the list of * things wanted, and it should be easy to implement. - Linus */ /* * Ok, demand-loading was easy, shared pages a little bit tricker. Shared * pages started 02.12.91, seems to work. - Linus. * * Tested sharing by executing about 30 /bin/sh: under the old kernel it * would have taken more than the 6M I have free, but it worked well as * far as I could see. * * Also corrected some "invalidate()"s - I wasn't doing enough of them. */ /* * Real VM (paging to/from disk) started 18.12.91. Much more work and * thought has to go into this. Oh, well.. * 19.12.91 - works, somewhat. Sometimes I get faults, don't know why. * Found it. Everything seems to work now. * 20.12.91 - Ok, making the swap-device changeable like the root. */ /* * 05.04.94 - Multi-page memory management added for v1.1. * Idea by Alex Bligh (alex@cconcepts.co.uk) * * 16.07.99 - Support of BIGMEM added by Gerhard Wichert, Siemens AG * (Gerhard.Wichert@pdb.siemens.de) * * Aug/Sep 2004 Changed to four level page tables (Andi Kleen) */ #include <linux/kernel_stat.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/coredump.h> #include <linux/sched/numa_balancing.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/mman.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/memremap.h> #include <linux/ksm.h> #include <linux/rmap.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/delayacct.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/pfn_t.h> #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/mmu_notifier.h> #include <linux/swapops.h> #include <linux/elf.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/migrate.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/debugfs.h> #include <linux/userfaultfd_k.h> #include <linux/dax.h> #include <linux/oom.h> #include <linux/numa.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <trace/events/kmem.h> #include <asm/io.h> #include <asm/mmu_context.h> #include <asm/pgalloc.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/tlb.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include "pgalloc-track.h" #include "internal.h" #if defined(LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS) && !defined(CONFIG_COMPILE_TEST) #warning Unfortunate NUMA and NUMA Balancing config, growing page-frame for last_cpupid. #endif #ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES /* use the per-pgdat data instead for discontigmem - mbligh */ unsigned long max_mapnr; EXPORT_SYMBOL(max_mapnr); struct page *mem_map; EXPORT_SYMBOL(mem_map); #endif /* * A number of key systems in x86 including ioremap() rely on the assumption * that high_memory defines the upper bound on direct map memory, then end * of ZONE_NORMAL. Under CONFIG_DISCONTIG this means that max_low_pfn and * highstart_pfn must be the same; there must be no gap between ZONE_NORMAL * and ZONE_HIGHMEM. */ void *high_memory; EXPORT_SYMBOL(high_memory); /* * Randomize the address space (stacks, mmaps, brk, etc.). * * ( When CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK=y we exclude brk from randomization, * as ancient (libc5 based) binaries can segfault. ) */ int randomize_va_space __read_mostly = #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK 1; #else 2; #endif #ifndef arch_faults_on_old_pte static inline bool arch_faults_on_old_pte(void) { /* * Those arches which don't have hw access flag feature need to * implement their own helper. By default, "true" means pagefault * will be hit on old pte. */ return true; } #endif static int __init disable_randmaps(char *s) { randomize_va_space = 0; return 1; } __setup("norandmaps", disable_randmaps); unsigned long zero_pfn __read_mostly; EXPORT_SYMBOL(zero_pfn); unsigned long highest_memmap_pfn __read_mostly; /* * CONFIG_MMU architectures set up ZERO_PAGE in their paging_init() */ static int __init init_zero_pfn(void) { zero_pfn = page_to_pfn(ZERO_PAGE(0)); return 0; } early_initcall(init_zero_pfn); void mm_trace_rss_stat(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long count) { trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } #if defined(SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING) void sync_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { int i; for (i = 0; i < NR_MM_COUNTERS; i++) { if (current->rss_stat.count[i]) { add_mm_counter(mm, i, current->rss_stat.count[i]); current->rss_stat.count[i] = 0; } } current->rss_stat.events = 0; } static void add_mm_counter_fast(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, int val) { struct task_struct *task = current; if (likely(task->mm == mm)) task->rss_stat.count[member] += val; else add_mm_counter(mm, member, val); } #define inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) add_mm_counter_fast(mm, member, 1) #define dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) add_mm_counter_fast(mm, member, -1) /* sync counter once per 64 page faults */ #define TASK_RSS_EVENTS_THRESH (64) static void check_sync_rss_stat(struct task_struct *task) { if (unlikely(task != current)) return; if (unlikely(task->rss_stat.events++ > TASK_RSS_EVENTS_THRESH)) sync_mm_rss(task->mm); } #else /* SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING */ #define inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) inc_mm_counter(mm, member) #define dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) dec_mm_counter(mm, member) static void check_sync_rss_stat(struct task_struct *task) { } #endif /* SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING */ /* * Note: this doesn't free the actual pages themselves. That * has been handled earlier when unmapping all the memory regions. */ static void free_pte_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr) { pgtable_t token = pmd_pgtable(*pmd); pmd_clear(pmd); pte_free_tlb(tlb, token, addr); mm_dec_nr_ptes(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_pmd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd)) continue; free_pte_range(tlb, pmd, addr); } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= PUD_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PUD_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, start); pud_clear(pud); pmd_free_tlb(tlb, pmd, start); mm_dec_nr_pmds(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_pud_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) continue; free_pmd_range(tlb, pud, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= P4D_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= P4D_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; pud = pud_offset(p4d, start); p4d_clear(p4d); pud_free_tlb(tlb, pud, start); mm_dec_nr_puds(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_p4d_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) continue; free_pud_range(tlb, p4d, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= PGDIR_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PGDIR_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, start); pgd_clear(pgd); p4d_free_tlb(tlb, p4d, start); } /* * This function frees user-level page tables of a process. */ void free_pgd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; /* * The next few lines have given us lots of grief... * * Why are we testing PMD* at this top level? Because often * there will be no work to do at all, and we'd prefer not to * go all the way down to the bottom just to discover that. * * Why all these "- 1"s? Because 0 represents both the bottom * of the address space and the top of it (using -1 for the * top wouldn't help much: the masks would do the wrong thing). * The rule is that addr 0 and floor 0 refer to the bottom of * the address space, but end 0 and ceiling 0 refer to the top * Comparisons need to use "end - 1" and "ceiling - 1" (though * that end 0 case should be mythical). * * Wherever addr is brought up or ceiling brought down, we must * be careful to reject "the opposite 0" before it confuses the * subsequent tests. But what about where end is brought down * by PMD_SIZE below? no, end can't go down to 0 there. * * Whereas we round start (addr) and ceiling down, by different * masks at different levels, in order to test whether a table * now has no other vmas using it, so can be freed, we don't * bother to round floor or end up - the tests don't need that. */ addr &= PMD_MASK; if (addr < floor) { addr += PMD_SIZE; if (!addr) return; } if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PMD_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) end -= PMD_SIZE; if (addr > end - 1) return; /* * We add page table cache pages with PAGE_SIZE, * (see pte_free_tlb()), flush the tlb if we need */ tlb_change_page_size(tlb, PAGE_SIZE); pgd = pgd_offset(tlb->mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; free_p4d_range(tlb, pgd, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); } void free_pgtables(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { while (vma) { struct vm_area_struct *next = vma->vm_next; unsigned long addr = vma->vm_start; /* * Hide vma from rmap and truncate_pagecache before freeing * pgtables */ unlink_anon_vmas(vma); unlink_file_vma(vma); if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma)) { hugetlb_free_pgd_range(tlb, addr, vma->vm_end, floor, next ? next->vm_start : ceiling); } else { /* * Optimization: gather nearby vmas into one call down */ while (next && next->vm_start <= vma->vm_end + PMD_SIZE && !is_vm_hugetlb_page(next)) { vma = next; next = vma->vm_next; unlink_anon_vmas(vma); unlink_file_vma(vma); } free_pgd_range(tlb, addr, vma->vm_end, floor, next ? next->vm_start : ceiling); } vma = next; } } int __pte_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { spinlock_t *ptl; pgtable_t new = pte_alloc_one(mm); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; /* * Ensure all pte setup (eg. pte page lock and page clearing) are * visible before the pte is made visible to other CPUs by being * put into page tables. * * The other side of the story is the pointer chasing in the page * table walking code (when walking the page table without locking; * ie. most of the time). Fortunately, these data accesses consist * of a chain of data-dependent loads, meaning most CPUs (alpha * being the notable exception) will already guarantee loads are * seen in-order. See the alpha page table accessors for the * smp_rmb() barriers in page table walking code. */ smp_wmb(); /* Could be smp_wmb__xxx(before|after)_spin_lock */ ptl = pmd_lock(mm, pmd); if (likely(pmd_none(*pmd))) { /* Has another populated it ? */ mm_inc_nr_ptes(mm); pmd_populate(mm, pmd, new); new = NULL; } spin_unlock(ptl); if (new) pte_free(mm, new); return 0; } int __pte_alloc_kernel(pmd_t *pmd) { pte_t *new = pte_alloc_one_kernel(&init_mm); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock); if (likely(pmd_none(*pmd))) { /* Has another populated it ? */ pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, pmd, new); new = NULL; } spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock); if (new) pte_free_kernel(&init_mm, new); return 0; } static inline void init_rss_vec(int *rss) { memset(rss, 0, sizeof(int) * NR_MM_COUNTERS); } static inline void add_mm_rss_vec(struct mm_struct *mm, int *rss) { int i; if (current->mm == mm) sync_mm_rss(mm); for (i = 0; i < NR_MM_COUNTERS; i++) if (rss[i]) add_mm_counter(mm, i, rss[i]); } /* * This function is called to print an error when a bad pte * is found. For example, we might have a PFN-mapped pte in * a region that doesn't allow it. * * The calling function must still handle the error. */ static void print_bad_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte, struct page *page) { pgd_t *pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr); p4d_t *p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); pud_t *pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); pmd_t *pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); struct address_space *mapping; pgoff_t index; static unsigned long resume; static unsigned long nr_shown; static unsigned long nr_unshown; /* * Allow a burst of 60 reports, then keep quiet for that minute; * or allow a steady drip of one report per second. */ if (nr_shown == 60) { if (time_before(jiffies, resume)) { nr_unshown++; return; } if (nr_unshown) { pr_alert("BUG: Bad page map: %lu messages suppressed\n", nr_unshown); nr_unshown = 0; } nr_shown = 0; } if (nr_shown++ == 0) resume = jiffies + 60 * HZ; mapping = vma->vm_file ? vma->vm_file->f_mapping : NULL; index = linear_page_index(vma, addr); pr_alert("BUG: Bad page map in process %s pte:%08llx pmd:%08llx\n", current->comm, (long long)pte_val(pte), (long long)pmd_val(*pmd)); if (page) dump_page(page, "bad pte"); pr_alert("addr:%px vm_flags:%08lx anon_vma:%px mapping:%px index:%lx\n", (void *)addr, vma->vm_flags, vma->anon_vma, mapping, index); pr_alert("file:%pD fault:%ps mmap:%ps readpage:%ps\n", vma->vm_file, vma->vm_ops ? vma->vm_ops->fault : NULL, vma->vm_file ? vma->vm_file->f_op->mmap : NULL, mapping ? mapping->a_ops->readpage : NULL); dump_stack(); add_taint(TAINT_BAD_PAGE, LOCKDEP_NOW_UNRELIABLE); } /* * vm_normal_page -- This function gets the "struct page" associated with a pte. * * "Special" mappings do not wish to be associated with a "struct page" (either * it doesn't exist, or it exists but they don't want to touch it). In this * case, NULL is returned here. "Normal" mappings do have a struct page. * * There are 2 broad cases. Firstly, an architecture may define a pte_special() * pte bit, in which case this function is trivial. Secondly, an architecture * may not have a spare pte bit, which requires a more complicated scheme, * described below. * * A raw VM_PFNMAP mapping (ie. one that is not COWed) is always considered a * special mapping (even if there are underlying and valid "struct pages"). * COWed pages of a VM_PFNMAP are always normal. * * The way we recognize COWed pages within VM_PFNMAP mappings is through the * rules set up by "remap_pfn_range()": the vma will have the VM_PFNMAP bit * set, and the vm_pgoff will point to the first PFN mapped: thus every special * mapping will always honor the rule * * pfn_of_page == vma->vm_pgoff + ((addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT) * * And for normal mappings this is false. * * This restricts such mappings to be a linear translation from virtual address * to pfn. To get around this restriction, we allow arbitrary mappings so long * as the vma is not a COW mapping; in that case, we know that all ptes are * special (because none can have been COWed). * * * In order to support COW of arbitrary special mappings, we have VM_MIXEDMAP. * * VM_MIXEDMAP mappings can likewise contain memory with or without "struct * page" backing, however the difference is that _all_ pages with a struct * page (that is, those where pfn_valid is true) are refcounted and considered * normal pages by the VM. The disadvantage is that pages are refcounted * (which can be slower and simply not an option for some PFNMAP users). The * advantage is that we don't have to follow the strict linearity rule of * PFNMAP mappings in order to support COWable mappings. * */ struct page *vm_normal_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte) { unsigned long pfn = pte_pfn(pte); if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL)) { if (likely(!pte_special(pte))) goto check_pfn; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->find_special_page) return vma->vm_ops->find_special_page(vma, addr); if (vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP)) return NULL; if (is_zero_pfn(pfn)) return NULL; if (pte_devmap(pte)) return NULL; print_bad_pte(vma, addr, pte, NULL); return NULL; } /* !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL case follows: */ if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) { if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) return NULL; goto out; } else { unsigned long off; off = (addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn == vma->vm_pgoff + off) return NULL; if (!is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) return NULL; } } if (is_zero_pfn(pfn)) return NULL; check_pfn: if (unlikely(pfn > highest_memmap_pfn)) { print_bad_pte(vma, addr, pte, NULL); return NULL; } /* * NOTE! We still have PageReserved() pages in the page tables. * eg. VDSO mappings can cause them to exist. */ out: return pfn_to_page(pfn); } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE struct page *vm_normal_page_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t pmd) { unsigned long pfn = pmd_pfn(pmd); /* * There is no pmd_special() but there may be special pmds, e.g. * in a direct-access (dax) mapping, so let's just replicate the * !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL case from vm_normal_page() here. */ if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) { if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) return NULL; goto out; } else { unsigned long off; off = (addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn == vma->vm_pgoff + off) return NULL; if (!is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) return NULL; } } if (pmd_devmap(pmd)) return NULL; if (is_huge_zero_pmd(pmd)) return NULL; if (unlikely(pfn > highest_memmap_pfn)) return NULL; /* * NOTE! We still have PageReserved() pages in the page tables. * eg. VDSO mappings can cause them to exist. */ out: return pfn_to_page(pfn); } #endif /* * copy one vm_area from one task to the other. Assumes the page tables * already present in the new task to be cleared in the whole range * covered by this vma. */ static unsigned long copy_nonpresent_pte(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, struct mm_struct *src_mm, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, unsigned long addr, int *rss) { unsigned long vm_flags = dst_vma->vm_flags; pte_t pte = *src_pte; struct page *page; swp_entry_t entry = pte_to_swp_entry(pte); if (likely(!non_swap_entry(entry))) { if (swap_duplicate(entry) < 0) return entry.val; /* make sure dst_mm is on swapoff's mmlist. */ if (unlikely(list_empty(&dst_mm->mmlist))) { spin_lock(&mmlist_lock); if (list_empty(&dst_mm->mmlist)) list_add(&dst_mm->mmlist, &src_mm->mmlist); spin_unlock(&mmlist_lock); } rss[MM_SWAPENTS]++; } else if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { page = migration_entry_to_page(entry); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; if (is_write_migration_entry(entry) && is_cow_mapping(vm_flags)) { /* * COW mappings require pages in both * parent and child to be set to read. */ make_migration_entry_read(&entry); pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry); if (pte_swp_soft_dirty(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mksoft_dirty(pte); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(src_mm, addr, src_pte, pte); } } else if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); /* * Update rss count even for unaddressable pages, as * they should treated just like normal pages in this * respect. * * We will likely want to have some new rss counters * for unaddressable pages, at some point. But for now * keep things as they are. */ get_page(page); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; page_dup_rmap(page, false); /* * We do not preserve soft-dirty information, because so * far, checkpoint/restore is the only feature that * requires that. And checkpoint/restore does not work * when a device driver is involved (you cannot easily * save and restore device driver state). */ if (is_write_device_private_entry(entry) && is_cow_mapping(vm_flags)) { make_device_private_entry_read(&entry); pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(src_mm, addr, src_pte, pte); } } if (!userfaultfd_wp(dst_vma)) pte = pte_swp_clear_uffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(dst_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } /* * Copy a present and normal page if necessary. * * NOTE! The usual case is that this doesn't need to do * anything, and can just return a positive value. That * will let the caller know that it can just increase * the page refcount and re-use the pte the traditional * way. * * But _if_ we need to copy it because it needs to be * pinned in the parent (and the child should get its own * copy rather than just a reference to the same page), * we'll do that here and return zero to let the caller * know we're done. * * And if we need a pre-allocated page but don't yet have * one, return a negative error to let the preallocation * code know so that it can do so outside the page table * lock. */ static inline int copy_present_page(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, unsigned long addr, int *rss, struct page **prealloc, pte_t pte, struct page *page) { struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; struct page *new_page; if (!is_cow_mapping(src_vma->vm_flags)) return 1; /* * What we want to do is to check whether this page may * have been pinned by the parent process. If so, * instead of wrprotect the pte on both sides, we copy * the page immediately so that we'll always guarantee * the pinned page won't be randomly replaced in the * future. * * The page pinning checks are just "has this mm ever * seen pinning", along with the (inexact) check of * the page count. That might give false positives for * for pinning, but it will work correctly. */ if (likely(!atomic_read(&src_mm->has_pinned))) return 1; if (likely(!page_maybe_dma_pinned(page))) return 1; new_page = *prealloc; if (!new_page) return -EAGAIN; /* * We have a prealloc page, all good! Take it * over and copy the page & arm it. */ *prealloc = NULL; copy_user_highpage(new_page, page, addr, src_vma); __SetPageUptodate(new_page); page_add_new_anon_rmap(new_page, dst_vma, addr, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(new_page, dst_vma); rss[mm_counter(new_page)]++; /* All done, just insert the new page copy in the child */ pte = mk_pte(new_page, dst_vma->vm_page_prot); pte = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(pte), dst_vma); if (userfaultfd_pte_wp(dst_vma, *src_pte)) /* Uffd-wp needs to be delivered to dest pte as well */ pte = pte_wrprotect(pte_mkuffd_wp(pte)); set_pte_at(dst_vma->vm_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } /* * Copy one pte. Returns 0 if succeeded, or -EAGAIN if one preallocated page * is required to copy this pte. */ static inline int copy_present_pte(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, unsigned long addr, int *rss, struct page **prealloc) { struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; unsigned long vm_flags = src_vma->vm_flags; pte_t pte = *src_pte; struct page *page; page = vm_normal_page(src_vma, addr, pte); if (page) { int retval; retval = copy_present_page(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pte, src_pte, addr, rss, prealloc, pte, page); if (retval <= 0) return retval; get_page(page); page_dup_rmap(page, false); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; } /* * If it's a COW mapping, write protect it both * in the parent and the child */ if (is_cow_mapping(vm_flags) && pte_write(pte)) { ptep_set_wrprotect(src_mm, addr, src_pte); pte = pte_wrprotect(pte); } /* * If it's a shared mapping, mark it clean in * the child */ if (vm_flags & VM_SHARED) pte = pte_mkclean(pte); pte = pte_mkold(pte); if (!userfaultfd_wp(dst_vma)) pte = pte_clear_uffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(dst_vma->vm_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } static inline struct page * page_copy_prealloc(struct mm_struct *src_mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { struct page *new_page; new_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, addr); if (!new_page) return NULL; if (mem_cgroup_charge(new_page, src_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) { put_page(new_page); return NULL; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(new_page, GFP_KERNEL); return new_page; } static int copy_pte_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pmd_t *dst_pmd, pmd_t *src_pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pte_t *orig_src_pte, *orig_dst_pte; pte_t *src_pte, *dst_pte; spinlock_t *src_ptl, *dst_ptl; int progress, ret = 0; int rss[NR_MM_COUNTERS]; swp_entry_t entry = (swp_entry_t){0}; struct page *prealloc = NULL; again: progress = 0; init_rss_vec(rss); dst_pte = pte_alloc_map_lock(dst_mm, dst_pmd, addr, &dst_ptl); if (!dst_pte) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } src_pte = pte_offset_map(src_pmd, addr); src_ptl = pte_lockptr(src_mm, src_pmd); spin_lock_nested(src_ptl, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING); orig_src_pte = src_pte; orig_dst_pte = dst_pte; arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { /* * We are holding two locks at this point - either of them * could generate latencies in another task on another CPU. */ if (progress >= 32) { progress = 0; if (need_resched() || spin_needbreak(src_ptl) || spin_needbreak(dst_ptl)) break; } if (pte_none(*src_pte)) { progress++; continue; } if (unlikely(!pte_present(*src_pte))) { entry.val = copy_nonpresent_pte(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pte, src_pte, dst_vma, src_vma, addr, rss); if (entry.val) break; progress += 8; continue; } /* copy_present_pte() will clear `*prealloc' if consumed */ ret = copy_present_pte(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pte, src_pte, addr, rss, &prealloc); /* * If we need a pre-allocated page for this pte, drop the * locks, allocate, and try again. */ if (unlikely(ret == -EAGAIN)) break; if (unlikely(prealloc)) { /* * pre-alloc page cannot be reused by next time so as * to strictly follow mempolicy (e.g., alloc_page_vma() * will allocate page according to address). This * could only happen if one pinned pte changed. */ put_page(prealloc); prealloc = NULL; } progress += 8; } while (dst_pte++, src_pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); spin_unlock(src_ptl); pte_unmap(orig_src_pte); add_mm_rss_vec(dst_mm, rss); pte_unmap_unlock(orig_dst_pte, dst_ptl); cond_resched(); if (entry.val) { if (add_swap_count_continuation(entry, GFP_KERNEL) < 0) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } entry.val = 0; } else if (ret) { WARN_ON_ONCE(ret != -EAGAIN); prealloc = page_copy_prealloc(src_mm, src_vma, addr); if (!prealloc) return -ENOMEM; /* We've captured and resolved the error. Reset, try again. */ ret = 0; } if (addr != end) goto again; out: if (unlikely(prealloc)) put_page(prealloc); return ret; } static inline int copy_pmd_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pud_t *dst_pud, pud_t *src_pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pmd_t *src_pmd, *dst_pmd; unsigned long next; dst_pmd = pmd_alloc(dst_mm, dst_pud, addr); if (!dst_pmd) return -ENOMEM; src_pmd = pmd_offset(src_pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (is_swap_pmd(*src_pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*src_pmd) || pmd_devmap(*src_pmd)) { int err; VM_BUG_ON_VMA(next-addr != HPAGE_PMD_SIZE, src_vma); err = copy_huge_pmd(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pmd, src_pmd, addr, dst_vma, src_vma); if (err == -ENOMEM) return -ENOMEM; if (!err) continue; /* fall through */ } if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(src_pmd)) continue; if (copy_pte_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pmd, src_pmd, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_pmd++, src_pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int copy_pud_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, p4d_t *dst_p4d, p4d_t *src_p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pud_t *src_pud, *dst_pud; unsigned long next; dst_pud = pud_alloc(dst_mm, dst_p4d, addr); if (!dst_pud) return -ENOMEM; src_pud = pud_offset(src_p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_trans_huge(*src_pud) || pud_devmap(*src_pud)) { int err; VM_BUG_ON_VMA(next-addr != HPAGE_PUD_SIZE, src_vma); err = copy_huge_pud(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pud, src_pud, addr, src_vma); if (err == -ENOMEM) return -ENOMEM; if (!err) continue; /* fall through */ } if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(src_pud)) continue; if (copy_pmd_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pud, src_pud, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_pud++, src_pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int copy_p4d_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pgd_t *dst_pgd, pgd_t *src_pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; p4d_t *src_p4d, *dst_p4d; unsigned long next; dst_p4d = p4d_alloc(dst_mm, dst_pgd, addr); if (!dst_p4d) return -ENOMEM; src_p4d = p4d_offset(src_pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(src_p4d)) continue; if (copy_pud_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_p4d, src_p4d, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_p4d++, src_p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } int copy_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma) { pgd_t *src_pgd, *dst_pgd; unsigned long next; unsigned long addr = src_vma->vm_start; unsigned long end = src_vma->vm_end; struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; struct mmu_notifier_range range; bool is_cow; int ret; /* * Don't copy ptes where a page fault will fill them correctly. * Fork becomes much lighter when there are big shared or private * readonly mappings. The tradeoff is that copy_page_range is more * efficient than faulting. */ if (!(src_vma->vm_flags & (VM_HUGETLB | VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP)) && !src_vma->anon_vma) return 0; if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(src_vma)) return copy_hugetlb_page_range(dst_mm, src_mm, src_vma); if (unlikely(src_vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) { /* * We do not free on error cases below as remove_vma * gets called on error from higher level routine */ ret = track_pfn_copy(src_vma); if (ret) return ret; } /* * We need to invalidate the secondary MMU mappings only when * there could be a permission downgrade on the ptes of the * parent mm. And a permission downgrade will only happen if * is_cow_mapping() returns true. */ is_cow = is_cow_mapping(src_vma->vm_flags); if (is_cow) { mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_PROTECTION_PAGE, 0, src_vma, src_mm, addr, end); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); /* * Disabling preemption is not needed for the write side, as * the read side doesn't spin, but goes to the mmap_lock. * * Use the raw variant of the seqcount_t write API to avoid * lockdep complaining about preemptibility. */ mmap_assert_write_locked(src_mm); raw_write_seqcount_begin(&src_mm->write_protect_seq); } ret = 0; dst_pgd = pgd_offset(dst_mm, addr); src_pgd = pgd_offset(src_mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(src_pgd)) continue; if (unlikely(copy_p4d_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pgd, src_pgd, addr, next))) { ret = -ENOMEM; break; } } while (dst_pgd++, src_pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (is_cow) { raw_write_seqcount_end(&src_mm->write_protect_seq); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); } return ret; } static unsigned long zap_pte_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { struct mm_struct *mm = tlb->mm; int force_flush = 0; int rss[NR_MM_COUNTERS]; spinlock_t *ptl; pte_t *start_pte; pte_t *pte; swp_entry_t entry; tlb_change_page_size(tlb, PAGE_SIZE); again: init_rss_vec(rss); start_pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); pte = start_pte; flush_tlb_batched_pending(mm); arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { pte_t ptent = *pte; if (pte_none(ptent)) continue; if (need_resched()) break; if (pte_present(ptent)) { struct page *page; page = vm_normal_page(vma, addr, ptent); if (unlikely(details) && page) { /* * unmap_shared_mapping_pages() wants to * invalidate cache without truncating: * unmap shared but keep private pages. */ if (details->check_mapping && details->check_mapping != page_rmapping(page)) continue; } ptent = ptep_get_and_clear_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); tlb_remove_tlb_entry(tlb, pte, addr); if (unlikely(!page)) continue; if (!PageAnon(page)) { if (pte_dirty(ptent)) { force_flush = 1; set_page_dirty(page); } if (pte_young(ptent) && likely(!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SEQ_READ))) mark_page_accessed(page); } rss[mm_counter(page)]--; page_remove_rmap(page, false); if (unlikely(page_mapcount(page) < 0)) print_bad_pte(vma, addr, ptent, page); if (unlikely(__tlb_remove_page(tlb, page))) { force_flush = 1; addr += PAGE_SIZE; break; } continue; } entry = pte_to_swp_entry(ptent); if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { struct page *page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); if (unlikely(details && details->check_mapping)) { /* * unmap_shared_mapping_pages() wants to * invalidate cache without truncating: * unmap shared but keep private pages. */ if (details->check_mapping != page_rmapping(page)) continue; } pte_clear_not_present_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); rss[mm_counter(page)]--; page_remove_rmap(page, false); put_page(page); continue; } /* If details->check_mapping, we leave swap entries. */ if (unlikely(details)) continue; if (!non_swap_entry(entry)) rss[MM_SWAPENTS]--; else if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { struct page *page; page = migration_entry_to_page(entry); rss[mm_counter(page)]--; } if (unlikely(!free_swap_and_cache(entry))) print_bad_pte(vma, addr, ptent, NULL); pte_clear_not_present_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); add_mm_rss_vec(mm, rss); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); /* Do the actual TLB flush before dropping ptl */ if (force_flush) tlb_flush_mmu_tlbonly(tlb); pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, ptl); /* * If we forced a TLB flush (either due to running out of * batch buffers or because we needed to flush dirty TLB * entries before releasing the ptl), free the batched * memory too. Restart if we didn't do everything. */ if (force_flush) { force_flush = 0; tlb_flush_mmu(tlb); } if (addr != end) { cond_resched(); goto again; } return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_pmd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (is_swap_pmd(*pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*pmd) || pmd_devmap(*pmd)) { if (next - addr != HPAGE_PMD_SIZE) __split_huge_pmd(vma, pmd, addr, false, NULL); else if (zap_huge_pmd(tlb, vma, pmd, addr)) goto next; /* fall through */ } else if (details && details->single_page && PageTransCompound(details->single_page) && next - addr == HPAGE_PMD_SIZE && pmd_none(*pmd)) { spinlock_t *ptl = pmd_lock(tlb->mm, pmd); /* * Take and drop THP pmd lock so that we cannot return * prematurely, while zap_huge_pmd() has cleared *pmd, * but not yet decremented compound_mapcount(). */ spin_unlock(ptl); } /* * Here there can be other concurrent MADV_DONTNEED or * trans huge page faults running, and if the pmd is * none or trans huge it can change under us. This is * because MADV_DONTNEED holds the mmap_lock in read * mode. */ if (pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(pmd)) goto next; next = zap_pte_range(tlb, vma, pmd, addr, next, details); next: cond_resched(); } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_pud_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_trans_huge(*pud) || pud_devmap(*pud)) { if (next - addr != HPAGE_PUD_SIZE) { mmap_assert_locked(tlb->mm); split_huge_pud(vma, pud, addr); } else if (zap_huge_pud(tlb, vma, pud, addr)) goto next; /* fall through */ } if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) continue; next = zap_pmd_range(tlb, vma, pud, addr, next, details); next: cond_resched(); } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_p4d_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) continue; next = zap_pud_range(tlb, vma, p4d, addr, next, details); } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } void unmap_page_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; BUG_ON(addr >= end); tlb_start_vma(tlb, vma); pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; next = zap_p4d_range(tlb, vma, pgd, addr, next, details); } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); tlb_end_vma(tlb, vma); } static void unmap_single_vma(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr, struct zap_details *details) { unsigned long start = max(vma->vm_start, start_addr); unsigned long end; if (start >= vma->vm_end) return; end = min(vma->vm_end, end_addr); if (end <= vma->vm_start) return; if (vma->vm_file) uprobe_munmap(vma, start, end); if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) untrack_pfn(vma, 0, 0); if (start != end) { if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))) { /* * It is undesirable to test vma->vm_file as it * should be non-null for valid hugetlb area. * However, vm_file will be NULL in the error * cleanup path of mmap_region. When * hugetlbfs ->mmap method fails, * mmap_region() nullifies vma->vm_file * before calling this function to clean up. * Since no pte has actually been setup, it is * safe to do nothing in this case. */ if (vma->vm_file) { i_mmap_lock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); __unmap_hugepage_range_final(tlb, vma, start, end, NULL); i_mmap_unlock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); } } else unmap_page_range(tlb, vma, start, end, details); } } /** * unmap_vmas - unmap a range of memory covered by a list of vma's * @tlb: address of the caller's struct mmu_gather * @vma: the starting vma * @start_addr: virtual address at which to start unmapping * @end_addr: virtual address at which to end unmapping * * Unmap all pages in the vma list. * * Only addresses between `start' and `end' will be unmapped. * * The VMA list must be sorted in ascending virtual address order. * * unmap_vmas() assumes that the caller will flush the whole unmapped address * range after unmap_vmas() returns. So the only responsibility here is to * ensure that any thus-far unmapped pages are flushed before unmap_vmas() * drops the lock and schedules. */ void unmap_vmas(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_UNMAP, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, start_addr, end_addr); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < end_addr; vma = vma->vm_next) unmap_single_vma(tlb, vma, start_addr, end_addr, NULL); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); } /** * zap_page_range - remove user pages in a given range * @vma: vm_area_struct holding the applicable pages * @start: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * * Caller must protect the VMA list */ void zap_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long size) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; struct mmu_gather tlb; lru_add_drain(); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, start, start + size); tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, vma->vm_mm, start, range.end); update_hiwater_rss(vma->vm_mm); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < range.end; vma = vma->vm_next) unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, start, range.end, NULL); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, start, range.end); } /** * zap_page_range_single - remove user pages in a given range * @vma: vm_area_struct holding the applicable pages * @address: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * @details: details of shared cache invalidation * * The range must fit into one VMA. */ static void zap_page_range_single(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size, struct zap_details *details) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; struct mmu_gather tlb; lru_add_drain(); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, address, address + size); tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, vma->vm_mm, address, range.end); update_hiwater_rss(vma->vm_mm); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, address, range.end, details); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, address, range.end); } /** * zap_vma_ptes - remove ptes mapping the vma * @vma: vm_area_struct holding ptes to be zapped * @address: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * * This function only unmaps ptes assigned to VM_PFNMAP vmas. * * The entire address range must be fully contained within the vma. * */ void zap_vma_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size) { if (address < vma->vm_start || address + size > vma->vm_end || !(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) return; zap_page_range_single(vma, address, size, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(zap_vma_ptes); static pmd_t *walk_to_pmd(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, addr); if (!p4d) return NULL; pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, addr); if (!pud) return NULL; pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr); if (!pmd) return NULL; VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); return pmd; } pte_t *__get_locked_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, spinlock_t **ptl) { pmd_t *pmd = walk_to_pmd(mm, addr); if (!pmd) return NULL; return pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, ptl); } static int validate_page_before_insert(struct page *page) { if (PageAnon(page) || PageSlab(page) || page_has_type(page)) return -EINVAL; flush_dcache_page(page); return 0; } static int insert_page_into_pte_locked(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { if (!pte_none(*pte)) return -EBUSY; /* Ok, finally just insert the thing.. */ get_page(page); inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, mm_counter_file(page)); page_add_file_rmap(page, false); set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, mk_pte(page, prot)); return 0; } /* * This is the old fallback for page remapping. * * For historical reasons, it only allows reserved pages. Only * old drivers should use this, and they needed to mark their * pages reserved for the old functions anyway. */ static int insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; int retval; pte_t *pte; spinlock_t *ptl; retval = validate_page_before_insert(page); if (retval) goto out; retval = -ENOMEM; pte = get_locked_pte(mm, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) goto out; retval = insert_page_into_pte_locked(mm, pte, addr, page, prot); pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl); out: return retval; } #ifdef pte_index static int insert_page_in_batch_locked(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { int err; if (!page_count(page)) return -EINVAL; err = validate_page_before_insert(page); if (err) return err; return insert_page_into_pte_locked(mm, pte, addr, page, prot); } /* insert_pages() amortizes the cost of spinlock operations * when inserting pages in a loop. Arch *must* define pte_index. */ static int insert_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page **pages, unsigned long *num, pgprot_t prot) { pmd_t *pmd = NULL; pte_t *start_pte, *pte; spinlock_t *pte_lock; struct mm_struct *const mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long curr_page_idx = 0; unsigned long remaining_pages_total = *num; unsigned long pages_to_write_in_pmd; int ret; more: ret = -EFAULT; pmd = walk_to_pmd(mm, addr); if (!pmd) goto out; pages_to_write_in_pmd = min_t(unsigned long, remaining_pages_total, PTRS_PER_PTE - pte_index(addr)); /* Allocate the PTE if necessary; takes PMD lock once only. */ ret = -ENOMEM; if (pte_alloc(mm, pmd)) goto out; while (pages_to_write_in_pmd) { int pte_idx = 0; const int batch_size = min_t(int, pages_to_write_in_pmd, 8); start_pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &pte_lock); for (pte = start_pte; pte_idx < batch_size; ++pte, ++pte_idx) { int err = insert_page_in_batch_locked(mm, pte, addr, pages[curr_page_idx], prot); if (unlikely(err)) { pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, pte_lock); ret = err; remaining_pages_total -= pte_idx; goto out; } addr += PAGE_SIZE; ++curr_page_idx; } pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, pte_lock); pages_to_write_in_pmd -= batch_size; remaining_pages_total -= batch_size; } if (remaining_pages_total) goto more; ret = 0; out: *num = remaining_pages_total; return ret; } #endif /* ifdef pte_index */ /** * vm_insert_pages - insert multiple pages into user vma, batching the pmd lock. * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target start user address of these pages * @pages: source kernel pages * @num: in: number of pages to map. out: number of pages that were *not* * mapped. (0 means all pages were successfully mapped). * * Preferred over vm_insert_page() when inserting multiple pages. * * In case of error, we may have mapped a subset of the provided * pages. It is the caller's responsibility to account for this case. * * The same restrictions apply as in vm_insert_page(). */ int vm_insert_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page **pages, unsigned long *num) { #ifdef pte_index const unsigned long end_addr = addr + (*num * PAGE_SIZE) - 1; if (addr < vma->vm_start || end_addr >= vma->vm_end) return -EFAULT; if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP)) { BUG_ON(mmap_read_trylock(vma->vm_mm)); BUG_ON(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP); vma->vm_flags |= VM_MIXEDMAP; } /* Defer page refcount checking till we're about to map that page. */ return insert_pages(vma, addr, pages, num, vma->vm_page_prot); #else unsigned long idx = 0, pgcount = *num; int err = -EINVAL; for (; idx < pgcount; ++idx) { err = vm_insert_page(vma, addr + (PAGE_SIZE * idx), pages[idx]); if (err) break; } *num = pgcount - idx; return err; #endif /* ifdef pte_index */ } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_pages); /** * vm_insert_page - insert single page into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @page: source kernel page * * This allows drivers to insert individual pages they've allocated * into a user vma. * * The page has to be a nice clean _individual_ kernel allocation. * If you allocate a compound page, you need to have marked it as * such (__GFP_COMP), or manually just split the page up yourself * (see split_page()). * * NOTE! Traditionally this was done with "remap_pfn_range()" which * took an arbitrary page protection parameter. This doesn't allow * that. Your vma protection will have to be set up correctly, which * means that if you want a shared writable mapping, you'd better * ask for a shared writable mapping! * * The page does not need to be reserved. * * Usually this function is called from f_op->mmap() handler * under mm->mmap_lock write-lock, so it can change vma->vm_flags. * Caller must set VM_MIXEDMAP on vma if it wants to call this * function from other places, for example from page-fault handler. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int vm_insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page *page) { if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return -EFAULT; if (!page_count(page)) return -EINVAL; if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP)) { BUG_ON(mmap_read_trylock(vma->vm_mm)); BUG_ON(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP); vma->vm_flags |= VM_MIXEDMAP; } return insert_page(vma, addr, page, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_page); /* * __vm_map_pages - maps range of kernel pages into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * @offset: user's requested vm_pgoff * * This allows drivers to map range of kernel pages into a user vma. * * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ static int __vm_map_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num, unsigned long offset) { unsigned long count = vma_pages(vma); unsigned long uaddr = vma->vm_start; int ret, i; /* Fail if the user requested offset is beyond the end of the object */ if (offset >= num) return -ENXIO; /* Fail if the user requested size exceeds available object size */ if (count > num - offset) return -ENXIO; for (i = 0; i < count; i++) { ret = vm_insert_page(vma, uaddr, pages[offset + i]); if (ret < 0) return ret; uaddr += PAGE_SIZE; } return 0; } /** * vm_map_pages - maps range of kernel pages starts with non zero offset * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * * Maps an object consisting of @num pages, catering for the user's * requested vm_pgoff * * If we fail to insert any page into the vma, the function will return * immediately leaving any previously inserted pages present. Callers * from the mmap handler may immediately return the error as their caller * will destroy the vma, removing any successfully inserted pages. Other * callers should make their own arrangements for calling unmap_region(). * * Context: Process context. Called by mmap handlers. * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ int vm_map_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num) { return __vm_map_pages(vma, pages, num, vma->vm_pgoff); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_map_pages); /** * vm_map_pages_zero - map range of kernel pages starts with zero offset * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * * Similar to vm_map_pages(), except that it explicitly sets the offset * to 0. This function is intended for the drivers that did not consider * vm_pgoff. * * Context: Process context. Called by mmap handlers. * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ int vm_map_pages_zero(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num) { return __vm_map_pages(vma, pages, num, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_map_pages_zero); static vm_fault_t insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t prot, bool mkwrite) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; pte_t *pte, entry; spinlock_t *ptl; pte = get_locked_pte(mm, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (!pte_none(*pte)) { if (mkwrite) { /* * For read faults on private mappings the PFN passed * in may not match the PFN we have mapped if the * mapped PFN is a writeable COW page. In the mkwrite * case we are creating a writable PTE for a shared * mapping and we expect the PFNs to match. If they * don't match, we are likely racing with block * allocation and mapping invalidation so just skip the * update. */ if (pte_pfn(*pte) != pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn)) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(*pte))); goto out_unlock; } entry = pte_mkyoung(*pte); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, addr, pte, entry, 1)) update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, pte); } goto out_unlock; } /* Ok, finally just insert the thing.. */ if (pfn_t_devmap(pfn)) entry = pte_mkdevmap(pfn_t_pte(pfn, prot)); else entry = pte_mkspecial(pfn_t_pte(pfn, prot)); if (mkwrite) { entry = pte_mkyoung(entry); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); } set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, entry); update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, pte); /* XXX: why not for insert_page? */ out_unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } /** * vmf_insert_pfn_prot - insert single pfn into user vma with specified pgprot * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * @pgprot: pgprot flags for the inserted page * * This is exactly like vmf_insert_pfn(), except that it allows drivers * to override pgprot on a per-page basis. * * This only makes sense for IO mappings, and it makes no sense for * COW mappings. In general, using multiple vmas is preferable; * vmf_insert_pfn_prot should only be used if using multiple VMAs is * impractical. * * See vmf_insert_mixed_prot() for a discussion of the implication of using * a value of @pgprot different from that of @vma->vm_page_prot. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t pgprot) { /* * Technically, architectures with pte_special can avoid all these * restrictions (same for remap_pfn_range). However we would like * consistency in testing and feature parity among all, so we should * try to keep these invariants in place for everybody. */ BUG_ON(!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP)) == (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP)); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP) && is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) && pfn_valid(pfn)); if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn, pgprot)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; track_pfn_insert(vma, &pgprot, __pfn_to_pfn_t(pfn, PFN_DEV)); return insert_pfn(vma, addr, __pfn_to_pfn_t(pfn, PFN_DEV), pgprot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_pfn_prot); /** * vmf_insert_pfn - insert single pfn into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * * Similar to vm_insert_page, this allows drivers to insert individual pages * they've allocated into a user vma. Same comments apply. * * This function should only be called from a vm_ops->fault handler, and * in that case the handler should return the result of this function. * * vma cannot be a COW mapping. * * As this is called only for pages that do not currently exist, we * do not need to flush old virtual caches or the TLB. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn) { return vmf_insert_pfn_prot(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_pfn); static bool vm_mixed_ok(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pfn_t pfn) { /* these checks mirror the abort conditions in vm_normal_page */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) return true; if (pfn_t_devmap(pfn)) return true; if (pfn_t_special(pfn)) return true; if (is_zero_pfn(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn))) return true; return false; } static vm_fault_t __vm_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot, bool mkwrite) { int err; BUG_ON(!vm_mixed_ok(vma, pfn)); if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; track_pfn_insert(vma, &pgprot, pfn); if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn), pgprot)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; /* * If we don't have pte special, then we have to use the pfn_valid() * based VM_MIXEDMAP scheme (see vm_normal_page), and thus we *must* * refcount the page if pfn_valid is true (hence insert_page rather * than insert_pfn). If a zero_pfn were inserted into a VM_MIXEDMAP * without pte special, it would there be refcounted as a normal page. */ if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL) && !pfn_t_devmap(pfn) && pfn_t_valid(pfn)) { struct page *page; /* * At this point we are committed to insert_page() * regardless of whether the caller specified flags that * result in pfn_t_has_page() == false. */ page = pfn_to_page(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn)); err = insert_page(vma, addr, page, pgprot); } else { return insert_pfn(vma, addr, pfn, pgprot, mkwrite); } if (err == -ENOMEM) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (err < 0 && err != -EBUSY) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } /** * vmf_insert_mixed_prot - insert single pfn into user vma with specified pgprot * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * @pgprot: pgprot flags for the inserted page * * This is exactly like vmf_insert_mixed(), except that it allows drivers * to override pgprot on a per-page basis. * * Typically this function should be used by drivers to set caching- and * encryption bits different than those of @vma->vm_page_prot, because * the caching- or encryption mode may not be known at mmap() time. * This is ok as long as @vma->vm_page_prot is not used by the core vm * to set caching and encryption bits for those vmas (except for COW pages). * This is ensured by core vm only modifying these page table entries using * functions that don't touch caching- or encryption bits, using pte_modify() * if needed. (See for example mprotect()). * Also when new page-table entries are created, this is only done using the * fault() callback, and never using the value of vma->vm_page_prot, * except for page-table entries that point to anonymous pages as the result * of COW. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, pgprot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed_prot); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed); /* * If the insertion of PTE failed because someone else already added a * different entry in the mean time, we treat that as success as we assume * the same entry was actually inserted. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite); /* * maps a range of physical memory into the requested pages. the old * mappings are removed. any references to nonexistent pages results * in null mappings (currently treated as "copy-on-access") */ static int remap_pte_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pte_t *pte, *mapped_pte; spinlock_t *ptl; int err = 0; mapped_pte = pte = pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return -ENOMEM; arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { BUG_ON(!pte_none(*pte)); if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn, prot)) { err = -EACCES; break; } set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, pte_mkspecial(pfn_pte(pfn, prot))); pfn++; } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); pte_unmap_unlock(mapped_pte, ptl); return err; } static inline int remap_pmd_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr); if (!pmd) return -ENOMEM; VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pte_range(mm, pmd, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int remap_pud_range(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, addr); if (!pud) return -ENOMEM; do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pmd_range(mm, pud, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int remap_p4d_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, addr); if (!p4d) return -ENOMEM; do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pud_range(mm, p4d, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } /** * remap_pfn_range - remap kernel memory to userspace * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target page aligned user address to start at * @pfn: page frame number of kernel physical memory address * @size: size of mapping area * @prot: page protection flags for this mapping * * Note: this is only safe if the mm semaphore is held when called. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int remap_pfn_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; unsigned long end = addr + PAGE_ALIGN(size); struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long remap_pfn = pfn; int err; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!PAGE_ALIGNED(addr))) return -EINVAL; /* * Physically remapped pages are special. Tell the * rest of the world about it: * VM_IO tells people not to look at these pages * (accesses can have side effects). * VM_PFNMAP tells the core MM that the base pages are just * raw PFN mappings, and do not have a "struct page" associated * with them. * VM_DONTEXPAND * Disable vma merging and expanding with mremap(). * VM_DONTDUMP * Omit vma from core dump, even when VM_IO turned off. * * There's a horrible special case to handle copy-on-write * behaviour that some programs depend on. We mark the "original" * un-COW'ed pages by matching them up with "vma->vm_pgoff". * See vm_normal_page() for details. */ if (is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) { if (addr != vma->vm_start || end != vma->vm_end) return -EINVAL; vma->vm_pgoff = pfn; } err = track_pfn_remap(vma, &prot, remap_pfn, addr, PAGE_ALIGN(size)); if (err) return -EINVAL; vma->vm_flags |= VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP | VM_DONTEXPAND | VM_DONTDUMP; BUG_ON(addr >= end); pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); flush_cache_range(vma, addr, end); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_p4d_range(mm, pgd, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) break; } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (err) untrack_pfn(vma, remap_pfn, PAGE_ALIGN(size)); return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(remap_pfn_range); /** * vm_iomap_memory - remap memory to userspace * @vma: user vma to map to * @start: start of the physical memory to be mapped * @len: size of area * * This is a simplified io_remap_pfn_range() for common driver use. The * driver just needs to give us the physical memory range to be mapped, * we'll figure out the rest from the vma information. * * NOTE! Some drivers might want to tweak vma->vm_page_prot first to get * whatever write-combining details or similar. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int vm_iomap_memory(struct vm_area_struct *vma, phys_addr_t start, unsigned long len) { unsigned long vm_len, pfn, pages; /* Check that the physical memory area passed in looks valid */ if (start + len < start) return -EINVAL; /* * You *really* shouldn't map things that aren't page-aligned, * but we've historically allowed it because IO memory might * just have smaller alignment. */ len += start & ~PAGE_MASK; pfn = start >> PAGE_SHIFT; pages = (len + ~PAGE_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn + pages < pfn) return -EINVAL; /* We start the mapping 'vm_pgoff' pages into the area */ if (vma->vm_pgoff > pages) return -EINVAL; pfn += vma->vm_pgoff; pages -= vma->vm_pgoff; /* Can we fit all of the mapping? */ vm_len = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start; if (vm_len >> PAGE_SHIFT > pages) return -EINVAL; /* Ok, let it rip */ return io_remap_pfn_range(vma, vma->vm_start, pfn, vm_len, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_iomap_memory); static int apply_to_pte_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pte_t *pte; int err = 0; spinlock_t *ptl; if (create) { pte = (mm == &init_mm) ? pte_alloc_kernel_track(pmd, addr, mask) : pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return -ENOMEM; } else { pte = (mm == &init_mm) ? pte_offset_kernel(pmd, addr) : pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); } BUG_ON(pmd_huge(*pmd)); arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); if (fn) { do { if (create || !pte_none(*pte)) { err = fn(pte++, addr, data); if (err) break; } } while (addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); } *mask |= PGTBL_PTE_MODIFIED; arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); if (mm != &init_mm) pte_unmap_unlock(pte-1, ptl); return err; } static int apply_to_pmd_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; int err = 0; BUG_ON(pud_huge(*pud)); if (create) { pmd = pmd_alloc_track(mm, pud, addr, mask); if (!pmd) return -ENOMEM; } else { pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); } do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd)) { err = apply_to_pte_range(mm, pmd, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int apply_to_pud_range(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; int err = 0; if (create) { pud = pud_alloc_track(mm, p4d, addr, mask); if (!pud) return -ENOMEM; } else { pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); } do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) { err = apply_to_pmd_range(mm, pud, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int apply_to_p4d_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; int err = 0; if (create) { p4d = p4d_alloc_track(mm, pgd, addr, mask); if (!p4d) return -ENOMEM; } else { p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); } do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) { err = apply_to_pud_range(mm, p4d, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int __apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long start = addr, next; unsigned long end = addr + size; pgtbl_mod_mask mask = 0; int err = 0; if (WARN_ON(addr >= end)) return -EINVAL; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (!create && pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; err = apply_to_p4d_range(mm, pgd, addr, next, fn, data, create, &mask); if (err) break; } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (mask & ARCH_PAGE_TABLE_SYNC_MASK) arch_sync_kernel_mappings(start, start + size); return err; } /* * Scan a region of virtual memory, filling in page tables as necessary * and calling a provided function on each leaf page table. */ int apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data) { return __apply_to_page_range(mm, addr, size, fn, data, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(apply_to_page_range); /* * Scan a region of virtual memory, calling a provided function on * each leaf page table where it exists. * * Unlike apply_to_page_range, this does _not_ fill in page tables * where they are absent. */ int apply_to_existing_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data) { return __apply_to_page_range(mm, addr, size, fn, data, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(apply_to_existing_page_range); /* * handle_pte_fault chooses page fault handler according to an entry which was * read non-atomically. Before making any commitment, on those architectures * or configurations (e.g. i386 with PAE) which might give a mix of unmatched * parts, do_swap_page must check under lock before unmapping the pte and * proceeding (but do_wp_page is only called after already making such a check; * and do_anonymous_page can safely check later on). */ static inline int pte_unmap_same(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, pte_t *page_table, pte_t orig_pte) { int same = 1; #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) if (sizeof(pte_t) > sizeof(unsigned long)) { spinlock_t *ptl = pte_lockptr(mm, pmd); spin_lock(ptl); same = pte_same(*page_table, orig_pte); spin_unlock(ptl); } #endif pte_unmap(page_table); return same; } static inline bool cow_user_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, struct vm_fault *vmf) { bool ret; void *kaddr; void __user *uaddr; bool locked = false; struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long addr = vmf->address; if (likely(src)) { copy_user_highpage(dst, src, addr, vma); return true; } /* * If the source page was a PFN mapping, we don't have * a "struct page" for it. We do a best-effort copy by * just copying from the original user address. If that * fails, we just zero-fill it. Live with it. */ kaddr = kmap_atomic(dst); uaddr = (void __user *)(addr & PAGE_MASK); /* * On architectures with software "accessed" bits, we would * take a double page fault, so mark it accessed here. */ if (arch_faults_on_old_pte() && !pte_young(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte_t entry; vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, addr, &vmf->ptl); locked = true; if (!likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { /* * Other thread has already handled the fault * and update local tlb only */ update_mmu_tlb(vma, addr, vmf->pte); ret = false; goto pte_unlock; } entry = pte_mkyoung(vmf->orig_pte); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, addr, vmf->pte, entry, 0)) update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, vmf->pte); } /* * This really shouldn't fail, because the page is there * in the page tables. But it might just be unreadable, * in which case we just give up and fill the result with * zeroes. */ if (__copy_from_user_inatomic(kaddr, uaddr, PAGE_SIZE)) { if (locked) goto warn; /* Re-validate under PTL if the page is still mapped */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, addr, &vmf->ptl); locked = true; if (!likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { /* The PTE changed under us, update local tlb */ update_mmu_tlb(vma, addr, vmf->pte); ret = false; goto pte_unlock; } /* * The same page can be mapped back since last copy attempt. * Try to copy again under PTL. */ if (__copy_from_user_inatomic(kaddr, uaddr, PAGE_SIZE)) { /* * Give a warn in case there can be some obscure * use-case */ warn: WARN_ON_ONCE(1); clear_page(kaddr); } } ret = true; pte_unlock: if (locked) pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); kunmap_atomic(kaddr); flush_dcache_page(dst); return ret; } static gfp_t __get_fault_gfp_mask(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct file *vm_file = vma->vm_file; if (vm_file) return mapping_gfp_mask(vm_file->f_mapping) | __GFP_FS | __GFP_IO; /* * Special mappings (e.g. VDSO) do not have any file so fake * a default GFP_KERNEL for them. */ return GFP_KERNEL; } /* * Notify the address space that the page is about to become writable so that * it can prohibit this or wait for the page to get into an appropriate state. * * We do this without the lock held, so that it can sleep if it needs to. */ static vm_fault_t do_page_mkwrite(struct vm_fault *vmf) { vm_fault_t ret; struct page *page = vmf->page; unsigned int old_flags = vmf->flags; vmf->flags = FAULT_