1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_PID_NS_H #define _LINUX_PID_NS_H #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/threads.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> #include <linux/kref.h> #include <linux/ns_common.h> #include <linux/idr.h> /* MAX_PID_NS_LEVEL is needed for limiting size of 'struct pid' */ #define MAX_PID_NS_LEVEL 32 struct fs_pin; struct pid_namespace { struct kref kref; struct idr idr; struct rcu_head rcu; unsigned int pid_allocated; struct task_struct *child_reaper; struct kmem_cache *pid_cachep; unsigned int level; struct pid_namespace *parent; #ifdef CONFIG_BSD_PROCESS_ACCT struct fs_pin *bacct; #endif struct user_namespace *user_ns; struct ucounts *ucounts; int reboot; /* group exit code if this pidns was rebooted */ struct ns_common ns; } __randomize_layout; extern struct pid_namespace init_pid_ns; #define PIDNS_ADDING (1U << 31) #ifdef CONFIG_PID_NS static inline struct pid_namespace *get_pid_ns(struct pid_namespace *ns) { if (ns != &init_pid_ns) kref_get(&ns->kref); return ns; } extern struct pid_namespace *copy_pid_ns(unsigned long flags, struct user_namespace *user_ns, struct pid_namespace *ns); extern void zap_pid_ns_processes(struct pid_namespace *pid_ns); extern int reboot_pid_ns(struct pid_namespace *pid_ns, int cmd); extern void put_pid_ns(struct pid_namespace *ns); #else /* !CONFIG_PID_NS */ #include <linux/err.h> static inline struct pid_namespace *get_pid_ns(struct pid_namespace *ns) { return ns; } static inline struct pid_namespace *copy_pid_ns(unsigned long flags, struct user_namespace *user_ns, struct pid_namespace *ns) { if (flags & CLONE_NEWPID) ns = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); return ns; } static inline void put_pid_ns(struct pid_namespace *ns) { } static inline void zap_pid_ns_processes(struct pid_namespace *ns) { BUG(); } static inline int reboot_pid_ns(struct pid_namespace *pid_ns, int cmd) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_PID_NS */ extern struct pid_namespace *task_active_pid_ns(struct task_struct *tsk); void pidhash_init(void); void pid_idr_init(void); #endif /* _LINUX_PID_NS_H */
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3621 3622 3623 3624 3625 3626 3627 3628 3629 3630 3631 3632 3633 3634 3635 3636 3637 3638 3639 3640 3641 3642 3643 3644 3645 3646 3647 3648 3649 3650 3651 3652 3653 3654 3655 3656 3657 3658 3659 3660 3661 3662 3663 /* * kernel/cpuset.c * * Processor and Memory placement constraints for sets of tasks. * * Copyright (C) 2003 BULL SA. * Copyright (C) 2004-2007 Silicon Graphics, Inc. * Copyright (C) 2006 Google, Inc * * Portions derived from Patrick Mochel's sysfs code. * sysfs is Copyright (c) 2001-3 Patrick Mochel * * 2003-10-10 Written by Simon Derr. * 2003-10-22 Updates by Stephen Hemminger. * 2004 May-July Rework by Paul Jackson. * 2006 Rework by Paul Menage to use generic cgroups * 2008 Rework of the scheduler domains and CPU hotplug handling * by Max Krasnyansky * * This file is subject to the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public * License. See the file COPYING in the main directory of the Linux * distribution for more details. */ #include <linux/cpu.h> #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <linux/cpuset.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/kmod.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/mempolicy.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/memory.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/fs_context.h> #include <linux/namei.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/proc_fs.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/deadline.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/stat.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/time64.h> #include <linux/backing-dev.h> #include <linux/sort.h> #include <linux/oom.h> #include <linux/sched/isolation.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/cgroup.h> #include <linux/wait.h> DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(cpusets_pre_enable_key); DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(cpusets_enabled_key); /* See "Frequency meter" comments, below. */ struct fmeter { int cnt; /* unprocessed events count */ int val; /* most recent output value */ time64_t time; /* clock (secs) when val computed */ spinlock_t lock; /* guards read or write of above */ }; struct cpuset { struct cgroup_subsys_state css; unsigned long flags; /* "unsigned long" so bitops work */ /* * On default hierarchy: * * The user-configured masks can only be changed by writing to * cpuset.cpus and cpuset.mems, and won't be limited by the * parent masks. * * The effective masks is the real masks that apply to the tasks * in the cpuset. They may be changed if the configured masks are * changed or hotplug happens. * * effective_mask == configured_mask & parent's effective_mask, * and if it ends up empty, it will inherit the parent's mask. * * * On legacy hierachy: * * The user-configured masks are always the same with effective masks. */ /* user-configured CPUs and Memory Nodes allow to tasks */ cpumask_var_t cpus_allowed; nodemask_t mems_allowed; /* effective CPUs and Memory Nodes allow to tasks */ cpumask_var_t effective_cpus; nodemask_t effective_mems; /* * CPUs allocated to child sub-partitions (default hierarchy only) * - CPUs granted by the parent = effective_cpus U subparts_cpus * - effective_cpus and subparts_cpus are mutually exclusive. * * effective_cpus contains only onlined CPUs, but subparts_cpus * may have offlined ones. */ cpumask_var_t subparts_cpus; /* * This is old Memory Nodes tasks took on. * * - top_cpuset.old_mems_allowed is initialized to mems_allowed. * - A new cpuset's old_mems_allowed is initialized when some * task is moved into it. * - old_mems_allowed is used in cpuset_migrate_mm() when we change * cpuset.mems_allowed and have tasks' nodemask updated, and * then old_mems_allowed is updated to mems_allowed. */ nodemask_t old_mems_allowed; struct fmeter fmeter; /* memory_pressure filter */ /* * Tasks are being attached to this cpuset. Used to prevent * zeroing cpus/mems_allowed between ->can_attach() and ->attach(). */ int attach_in_progress; /* partition number for rebuild_sched_domains() */ int pn; /* for custom sched domain */ int relax_domain_level; /* number of CPUs in subparts_cpus */ int nr_subparts_cpus; /* partition root state */ int partition_root_state; /* * Default hierarchy only: * use_parent_ecpus - set if using parent's effective_cpus * child_ecpus_count - # of children with use_parent_ecpus set */ int use_parent_ecpus; int child_ecpus_count; }; /* * Partition root states: * * 0 - not a partition root * * 1 - partition root * * -1 - invalid partition root * None of the cpus in cpus_allowed can be put into the parent's * subparts_cpus. In this case, the cpuset is not a real partition * root anymore. However, the CPU_EXCLUSIVE bit will still be set * and the cpuset can be restored back to a partition root if the * parent cpuset can give more CPUs back to this child cpuset. */ #define PRS_DISABLED 0 #define PRS_ENABLED 1 #define PRS_ERROR -1 /* * Temporary cpumasks for working with partitions that are passed among * functions to avoid memory allocation in inner functions. */ struct tmpmasks { cpumask_var_t addmask, delmask; /* For partition root */ cpumask_var_t new_cpus; /* For update_cpumasks_hier() */ }; static inline struct cpuset *css_cs(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css) { return css ? container_of(css, struct cpuset, css) : NULL; } /* Retrieve the cpuset for a task */ static inline struct cpuset *task_cs(struct task_struct *task) { return css_cs(task_css(task, cpuset_cgrp_id)); } static inline struct cpuset *parent_cs(struct cpuset *cs) { return css_cs(cs->css.parent); } /* bits in struct cpuset flags field */ typedef enum { CS_ONLINE, CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE, CS_MEM_EXCLUSIVE, CS_MEM_HARDWALL, CS_MEMORY_MIGRATE, CS_SCHED_LOAD_BALANCE, CS_SPREAD_PAGE, CS_SPREAD_SLAB, } cpuset_flagbits_t; /* convenient tests for these bits */ static inline bool is_cpuset_online(struct cpuset *cs) { return test_bit(CS_ONLINE, &cs->flags) && !css_is_dying(&cs->css); } static inline int is_cpu_exclusive(const struct cpuset *cs) { return test_bit(CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE, &cs->flags); } static inline int is_mem_exclusive(const struct cpuset *cs) { return test_bit(CS_MEM_EXCLUSIVE, &cs->flags); } static inline int is_mem_hardwall(const struct cpuset *cs) { return test_bit(CS_MEM_HARDWALL, &cs->flags); } static inline int is_sched_load_balance(const struct cpuset *cs) { return test_bit(CS_SCHED_LOAD_BALANCE, &cs->flags); } static inline int is_memory_migrate(const struct cpuset *cs) { return test_bit(CS_MEMORY_MIGRATE, &cs->flags); } static inline int is_spread_page(const struct cpuset *cs) { return test_bit(CS_SPREAD_PAGE, &cs->flags); } static inline int is_spread_slab(const struct cpuset *cs) { return test_bit(CS_SPREAD_SLAB, &cs->flags); } static inline int is_partition_root(const struct cpuset *cs) { return cs->partition_root_state > 0; } static struct cpuset top_cpuset = { .flags = ((1 << CS_ONLINE) | (1 << CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE) | (1 << CS_MEM_EXCLUSIVE)), .partition_root_state = PRS_ENABLED, }; /** * cpuset_for_each_child - traverse online children of a cpuset * @child_cs: loop cursor pointing to the current child * @pos_css: used for iteration * @parent_cs: target cpuset to walk children of * * Walk @child_cs through the online children of @parent_cs. Must be used * with RCU read locked. */ #define cpuset_for_each_child(child_cs, pos_css, parent_cs) \ css_for_each_child((pos_css), &(parent_cs)->css) \ if (is_cpuset_online(((child_cs) = css_cs((pos_css))))) /** * cpuset_for_each_descendant_pre - pre-order walk of a cpuset's descendants * @des_cs: loop cursor pointing to the current descendant * @pos_css: used for iteration * @root_cs: target cpuset to walk ancestor of * * Walk @des_cs through the online descendants of @root_cs. Must be used * with RCU read locked. The caller may modify @pos_css by calling * css_rightmost_descendant() to skip subtree. @root_cs is included in the * iteration and the first node to be visited. */ #define cpuset_for_each_descendant_pre(des_cs, pos_css, root_cs) \ css_for_each_descendant_pre((pos_css), &(root_cs)->css) \ if (is_cpuset_online(((des_cs) = css_cs((pos_css))))) /* * There are two global locks guarding cpuset structures - cpuset_mutex and * callback_lock. We also require taking task_lock() when dereferencing a * task's cpuset pointer. See "The task_lock() exception", at the end of this * comment. * * A task must hold both locks to modify cpusets. If a task holds * cpuset_mutex, then it blocks others wanting that mutex, ensuring that it * is the only task able to also acquire callback_lock and be able to * modify cpusets. It can perform various checks on the cpuset structure * first, knowing nothing will change. It can also allocate memory while * just holding cpuset_mutex. While it is performing these checks, various * callback routines can briefly acquire callback_lock to query cpusets. * Once it is ready to make the changes, it takes callback_lock, blocking * everyone else. * * Calls to the kernel memory allocator can not be made while holding * callback_lock, as that would risk double tripping on callback_lock * from one of the callbacks into the cpuset code from within * __alloc_pages(). * * If a task is only holding callback_lock, then it has read-only * access to cpusets. * * Now, the task_struct fields mems_allowed and mempolicy may be changed * by other task, we use alloc_lock in the task_struct fields to protect * them. * * The cpuset_common_file_read() handlers only hold callback_lock across * small pieces of code, such as when reading out possibly multi-word * cpumasks and nodemasks. * * Accessing a task's cpuset should be done in accordance with the * guidelines for accessing subsystem state in kernel/cgroup.c */ DEFINE_STATIC_PERCPU_RWSEM(cpuset_rwsem); void cpuset_read_lock(void) { percpu_down_read(&cpuset_rwsem); } void cpuset_read_unlock(void) { percpu_up_read(&cpuset_rwsem); } static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(callback_lock); static struct workqueue_struct *cpuset_migrate_mm_wq; /* * CPU / memory hotplug is handled asynchronously. */ static void cpuset_hotplug_workfn(struct work_struct *work); static DECLARE_WORK(cpuset_hotplug_work, cpuset_hotplug_workfn); static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(cpuset_attach_wq); /* * Cgroup v2 behavior is used on the "cpus" and "mems" control files when * on default hierarchy or when the cpuset_v2_mode flag is set by mounting * the v1 cpuset cgroup filesystem with the "cpuset_v2_mode" mount option. * With v2 behavior, "cpus" and "mems" are always what the users have * requested and won't be changed by hotplug events. Only the effective * cpus or mems will be affected. */ static inline bool is_in_v2_mode(void) { return cgroup_subsys_on_dfl(cpuset_cgrp_subsys) || (cpuset_cgrp_subsys.root->flags & CGRP_ROOT_CPUSET_V2_MODE); } /* * Return in pmask the portion of a cpusets's cpus_allowed that * are online. If none are online, walk up the cpuset hierarchy * until we find one that does have some online cpus. * * One way or another, we guarantee to return some non-empty subset * of cpu_online_mask. * * Call with callback_lock or cpuset_mutex held. */ static void guarantee_online_cpus(struct cpuset *cs, struct cpumask *pmask) { while (!cpumask_intersects(cs->effective_cpus, cpu_online_mask)) { cs = parent_cs(cs); if (unlikely(!cs)) { /* * The top cpuset doesn't have any online cpu as a * consequence of a race between cpuset_hotplug_work * and cpu hotplug notifier. But we know the top * cpuset's effective_cpus is on its way to be * identical to cpu_online_mask. */ cpumask_copy(pmask, cpu_online_mask); return; } } cpumask_and(pmask, cs->effective_cpus, cpu_online_mask); } /* * Return in *pmask the portion of a cpusets's mems_allowed that * are online, with memory. If none are online with memory, walk * up the cpuset hierarchy until we find one that does have some * online mems. The top cpuset always has some mems online. * * One way or another, we guarantee to return some non-empty subset * of node_states[N_MEMORY]. * * Call with callback_lock or cpuset_mutex held. */ static void guarantee_online_mems(struct cpuset *cs, nodemask_t *pmask) { while (!nodes_intersects(cs->effective_mems, node_states[N_MEMORY])) cs = parent_cs(cs); nodes_and(*pmask, cs->effective_mems, node_states[N_MEMORY]); } /* * update task's spread flag if cpuset's page/slab spread flag is set * * Call with callback_lock or cpuset_mutex held. */ static void cpuset_update_task_spread_flag(struct cpuset *cs, struct task_struct *tsk) { if (is_spread_page(cs)) task_set_spread_page(tsk); else task_clear_spread_page(tsk); if (is_spread_slab(cs)) task_set_spread_slab(tsk); else task_clear_spread_slab(tsk); } /* * is_cpuset_subset(p, q) - Is cpuset p a subset of cpuset q? * * One cpuset is a subset of another if all its allowed CPUs and * Memory Nodes are a subset of the other, and its exclusive flags * are only set if the other's are set. Call holding cpuset_mutex. */ static int is_cpuset_subset(const struct cpuset *p, const struct cpuset *q) { return cpumask_subset(p->cpus_allowed, q->cpus_allowed) && nodes_subset(p->mems_allowed, q->mems_allowed) && is_cpu_exclusive(p) <= is_cpu_exclusive(q) && is_mem_exclusive(p) <= is_mem_exclusive(q); } /** * alloc_cpumasks - allocate three cpumasks for cpuset * @cs: the cpuset that have cpumasks to be allocated. * @tmp: the tmpmasks structure pointer * Return: 0 if successful, -ENOMEM otherwise. * * Only one of the two input arguments should be non-NULL. */ static inline int alloc_cpumasks(struct cpuset *cs, struct tmpmasks *tmp) { cpumask_var_t *pmask1, *pmask2, *pmask3; if (cs) { pmask1 = &cs->cpus_allowed; pmask2 = &cs->effective_cpus; pmask3 = &cs->subparts_cpus; } else { pmask1 = &tmp->new_cpus; pmask2 = &tmp->addmask; pmask3 = &tmp->delmask; } if (!zalloc_cpumask_var(pmask1, GFP_KERNEL)) return -ENOMEM; if (!zalloc_cpumask_var(pmask2, GFP_KERNEL)) goto free_one; if (!zalloc_cpumask_var(pmask3, GFP_KERNEL)) goto free_two; return 0; free_two: free_cpumask_var(*pmask2); free_one: free_cpumask_var(*pmask1); return -ENOMEM; } /** * free_cpumasks - free cpumasks in a tmpmasks structure * @cs: the cpuset that have cpumasks to be free. * @tmp: the tmpmasks structure pointer */ static inline void free_cpumasks(struct cpuset *cs, struct tmpmasks *tmp) { if (cs) { free_cpumask_var(cs->cpus_allowed); free_cpumask_var(cs->effective_cpus); free_cpumask_var(cs->subparts_cpus); } if (tmp) { free_cpumask_var(tmp->new_cpus); free_cpumask_var(tmp->addmask); free_cpumask_var(tmp->delmask); } } /** * alloc_trial_cpuset - allocate a trial cpuset * @cs: the cpuset that the trial cpuset duplicates */ static struct cpuset *alloc_trial_cpuset(struct cpuset *cs) { struct cpuset *trial; trial = kmemdup(cs, sizeof(*cs), GFP_KERNEL); if (!trial) return NULL; if (alloc_cpumasks(trial, NULL)) { kfree(trial); return NULL; } cpumask_copy(trial->cpus_allowed, cs->cpus_allowed); cpumask_copy(trial->effective_cpus, cs->effective_cpus); return trial; } /** * free_cpuset - free the cpuset * @cs: the cpuset to be freed */ static inline void free_cpuset(struct cpuset *cs) { free_cpumasks(cs, NULL); kfree(cs); } /* * validate_change() - Used to validate that any proposed cpuset change * follows the structural rules for cpusets. * * If we replaced the flag and mask values of the current cpuset * (cur) with those values in the trial cpuset (trial), would * our various subset and exclusive rules still be valid? Presumes * cpuset_mutex held. * * 'cur' is the address of an actual, in-use cpuset. Operations * such as list traversal that depend on the actual address of the * cpuset in the list must use cur below, not trial. * * 'trial' is the address of bulk structure copy of cur, with * perhaps one or more of the fields cpus_allowed, mems_allowed, * or flags changed to new, trial values. * * Return 0 if valid, -errno if not. */ static int validate_change(struct cpuset *cur, struct cpuset *trial) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *css; struct cpuset *c, *par; int ret; rcu_read_lock(); /* Each of our child cpusets must be a subset of us */ ret = -EBUSY; cpuset_for_each_child(c, css, cur) if (!is_cpuset_subset(c, trial)) goto out; /* Remaining checks don't apply to root cpuset */ ret = 0; if (cur == &top_cpuset) goto out; par = parent_cs(cur); /* On legacy hiearchy, we must be a subset of our parent cpuset. */ ret = -EACCES; if (!is_in_v2_mode() && !is_cpuset_subset(trial, par)) goto out; /* * If either I or some sibling (!= me) is exclusive, we can't * overlap */ ret = -EINVAL; cpuset_for_each_child(c, css, par) { if ((is_cpu_exclusive(trial) || is_cpu_exclusive(c)) && c != cur && cpumask_intersects(trial->cpus_allowed, c->cpus_allowed)) goto out; if ((is_mem_exclusive(trial) || is_mem_exclusive(c)) && c != cur && nodes_intersects(trial->mems_allowed, c->mems_allowed)) goto out; } /* * Cpusets with tasks - existing or newly being attached - can't * be changed to have empty cpus_allowed or mems_allowed. */ ret = -ENOSPC; if ((cgroup_is_populated(cur->css.cgroup) || cur->attach_in_progress)) { if (!cpumask_empty(cur->cpus_allowed) && cpumask_empty(trial->cpus_allowed)) goto out; if (!nodes_empty(cur->mems_allowed) && nodes_empty(trial->mems_allowed)) goto out; } /* * We can't shrink if we won't have enough room for SCHED_DEADLINE * tasks. */ ret = -EBUSY; if (is_cpu_exclusive(cur) && !cpuset_cpumask_can_shrink(cur->cpus_allowed, trial->cpus_allowed)) goto out; ret = 0; out: rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } #ifdef CONFIG_SMP /* * Helper routine for generate_sched_domains(). * Do cpusets a, b have overlapping effective cpus_allowed masks? */ static int cpusets_overlap(struct cpuset *a, struct cpuset *b) { return cpumask_intersects(a->effective_cpus, b->effective_cpus); } static void update_domain_attr(struct sched_domain_attr *dattr, struct cpuset *c) { if (dattr->relax_domain_level < c->relax_domain_level) dattr->relax_domain_level = c->relax_domain_level; return; } static void update_domain_attr_tree(struct sched_domain_attr *dattr, struct cpuset *root_cs) { struct cpuset *cp; struct cgroup_subsys_state *pos_css; rcu_read_lock(); cpuset_for_each_descendant_pre(cp, pos_css, root_cs) { /* skip the whole subtree if @cp doesn't have any CPU */ if (cpumask_empty(cp->cpus_allowed)) { pos_css = css_rightmost_descendant(pos_css); continue; } if (is_sched_load_balance(cp)) update_domain_attr(dattr, cp); } rcu_read_unlock(); } /* Must be called with cpuset_mutex held. */ static inline int nr_cpusets(void) { /* jump label reference count + the top-level cpuset */ return static_key_count(&cpusets_enabled_key.key) + 1; } /* * generate_sched_domains() * * This function builds a partial partition of the systems CPUs * A 'partial partition' is a set of non-overlapping subsets whose * union is a subset of that set. * The output of this function needs to be passed to kernel/sched/core.c * partition_sched_domains() routine, which will rebuild the scheduler's * load balancing domains (sched domains) as specified by that partial * partition. * * See "What is sched_load_balance" in Documentation/admin-guide/cgroup-v1/cpusets.rst * for a background explanation of this. * * Does not return errors, on the theory that the callers of this * routine would rather not worry about failures to rebuild sched * domains when operating in the severe memory shortage situations * that could cause allocation failures below. * * Must be called with cpuset_mutex held. * * The three key local variables below are: * cp - cpuset pointer, used (together with pos_css) to perform a * top-down scan of all cpusets. For our purposes, rebuilding * the schedulers sched domains, we can ignore !is_sched_load_ * balance cpusets. * csa - (for CpuSet Array) Array of pointers to all the cpusets * that need to be load balanced, for convenient iterative * access by the subsequent code that finds the best partition, * i.e the set of domains (subsets) of CPUs such that the * cpus_allowed of every cpuset marked is_sched_load_balance * is a subset of one of these domains, while there are as * many such domains as possible, each as small as possible. * doms - Conversion of 'csa' to an array of cpumasks, for passing to * the kernel/sched/core.c routine partition_sched_domains() in a * convenient format, that can be easily compared to the prior * value to determine what partition elements (sched domains) * were changed (added or removed.) * * Finding the best partition (set of domains): * The triple nested loops below over i, j, k scan over the * load balanced cpusets (using the array of cpuset pointers in * csa[]) looking for pairs of cpusets that have overlapping * cpus_allowed, but which don't have the same 'pn' partition * number and gives them in the same partition number. It keeps * looping on the 'restart' label until it can no longer find * any such pairs. * * The union of the cpus_allowed masks from the set of * all cpusets having the same 'pn' value then form the one * element of the partition (one sched domain) to be passed to * partition_sched_domains(). */ static int generate_sched_domains(cpumask_var_t **domains, struct sched_domain_attr **attributes) { struct cpuset *cp; /* top-down scan of cpusets */ struct cpuset **csa; /* array of all cpuset ptrs */ int csn; /* how many cpuset ptrs in csa so far */ int i, j, k; /* indices for partition finding loops */ cpumask_var_t *doms; /* resulting partition; i.e. sched domains */ struct sched_domain_attr *dattr; /* attributes for custom domains */ int ndoms = 0; /* number of sched domains in result */ int nslot; /* next empty doms[] struct cpumask slot */ struct cgroup_subsys_state *pos_css; bool root_load_balance = is_sched_load_balance(&top_cpuset); doms = NULL; dattr = NULL; csa = NULL; /* Special case for the 99% of systems with one, full, sched domain */ if (root_load_balance && !top_cpuset.nr_subparts_cpus) { ndoms = 1; doms = alloc_sched_domains(ndoms); if (!doms) goto done; dattr = kmalloc(sizeof(struct sched_domain_attr), GFP_KERNEL); if (dattr) { *dattr = SD_ATTR_INIT; update_domain_attr_tree(dattr, &top_cpuset); } cpumask_and(doms[0], top_cpuset.effective_cpus, housekeeping_cpumask(HK_FLAG_DOMAIN)); goto done; } csa = kmalloc_array(nr_cpusets(), sizeof(cp), GFP_KERNEL); if (!csa) goto done; csn = 0; rcu_read_lock(); if (root_load_balance) csa[csn++] = &top_cpuset; cpuset_for_each_descendant_pre(cp, pos_css, &top_cpuset) { if (cp == &top_cpuset) continue; /* * Continue traversing beyond @cp iff @cp has some CPUs and * isn't load balancing. The former is obvious. The * latter: All child cpusets contain a subset of the * parent's cpus, so just skip them, and then we call * update_domain_attr_tree() to calc relax_domain_level of * the corresponding sched domain. * * If root is load-balancing, we can skip @cp if it * is a subset of the root's effective_cpus. */ if (!cpumask_empty(cp->cpus_allowed) && !(is_sched_load_balance(cp) && cpumask_intersects(cp->cpus_allowed, housekeeping_cpumask(HK_FLAG_DOMAIN)))) continue; if (root_load_balance && cpumask_subset(cp->cpus_allowed, top_cpuset.effective_cpus)) continue; if (is_sched_load_balance(cp) && !cpumask_empty(cp->effective_cpus)) csa[csn++] = cp; /* skip @cp's subtree if not a partition root */ if (!is_partition_root(cp)) pos_css = css_rightmost_descendant(pos_css); } rcu_read_unlock(); for (i = 0; i < csn; i++) csa[i]->pn = i; ndoms = csn; restart: /* Find the best partition (set of sched domains) */ for (i = 0; i < csn; i++) { struct cpuset *a = csa[i]; int apn = a->pn; for (j = 0; j < csn; j++) { struct cpuset *b = csa[j]; int bpn = b->pn; if (apn != bpn && cpusets_overlap(a, b)) { for (k = 0; k < csn; k++) { struct cpuset *c = csa[k]; if (c->pn == bpn) c->pn = apn; } ndoms--; /* one less element */ goto restart; } } } /* * Now we know how many domains to create. * Convert <csn, csa> to <ndoms, doms> and populate cpu masks. */ doms = alloc_sched_domains(ndoms); if (!doms) goto done; /* * The rest of the code, including the scheduler, can deal with * dattr==NULL case. No need to abort if alloc fails. */ dattr = kmalloc_array(ndoms, sizeof(struct sched_domain_attr), GFP_KERNEL); for (nslot = 0, i = 0; i < csn; i++) { struct cpuset *a = csa[i]; struct cpumask *dp; int apn = a->pn; if (apn < 0) { /* Skip completed partitions */ continue; } dp = doms[nslot]; if (nslot == ndoms) { static int warnings = 10; if (warnings) { pr_warn("rebuild_sched_domains confused: nslot %d, ndoms %d, csn %d, i %d, apn %d\n", nslot, ndoms, csn, i, apn); warnings--; } continue; } cpumask_clear(dp); if (dattr) *(dattr + nslot) = SD_ATTR_INIT; for (j = i; j < csn; j++) { struct cpuset *b = csa[j]; if (apn == b->pn) { cpumask_or(dp, dp, b->effective_cpus); cpumask_and(dp, dp, housekeeping_cpumask(HK_FLAG_DOMAIN)); if (dattr) update_domain_attr_tree(dattr + nslot, b); /* Done with this partition */ b->pn = -1; } } nslot++; } BUG_ON(nslot != ndoms); done: kfree(csa); /* * Fallback to the default domain if kmalloc() failed. * See comments in partition_sched_domains(). */ if (doms == NULL) ndoms = 1; *domains = doms; *attributes = dattr; return ndoms; } static void update_tasks_root_domain(struct cpuset *cs) { struct css_task_iter it; struct task_struct *task; css_task_iter_start(&cs->css, 0, &it); while ((task = css_task_iter_next(&it))) dl_add_task_root_domain(task); css_task_iter_end(&it); } static void rebuild_root_domains(void) { struct cpuset *cs = NULL; struct cgroup_subsys_state *pos_css; percpu_rwsem_assert_held(&cpuset_rwsem); lockdep_assert_cpus_held(); lockdep_assert_held(&sched_domains_mutex); rcu_read_lock(); /* * Clear default root domain DL accounting, it will be computed again * if a task belongs to it. */ dl_clear_root_domain(&def_root_domain); cpuset_for_each_descendant_pre(cs, pos_css, &top_cpuset) { if (cpumask_empty(cs->effective_cpus)) { pos_css = css_rightmost_descendant(pos_css); continue; } css_get(&cs->css); rcu_read_unlock(); update_tasks_root_domain(cs); rcu_read_lock(); css_put(&cs->css); } rcu_read_unlock(); } static void partition_and_rebuild_sched_domains(int ndoms_new, cpumask_var_t doms_new[], struct sched_domain_attr *dattr_new) { mutex_lock(&sched_domains_mutex); partition_sched_domains_locked(ndoms_new, doms_new, dattr_new); rebuild_root_domains(); mutex_unlock(&sched_domains_mutex); } /* * Rebuild scheduler domains. * * If the flag 'sched_load_balance' of any cpuset with non-empty * 'cpus' changes, or if the 'cpus' allowed changes in any cpuset * which has that flag enabled, or if any cpuset with a non-empty * 'cpus' is removed, then call this routine to rebuild the * scheduler's dynamic sched domains. * * Call with cpuset_mutex held. Takes get_online_cpus(). */ static void rebuild_sched_domains_locked(void) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *pos_css; struct sched_domain_attr *attr; cpumask_var_t *doms; struct cpuset *cs; int ndoms; lockdep_assert_cpus_held(); percpu_rwsem_assert_held(&cpuset_rwsem); /* * If we have raced with CPU hotplug, return early to avoid * passing doms with offlined cpu to partition_sched_domains(). * Anyways, cpuset_hotplug_workfn() will rebuild sched domains. * * With no CPUs in any subpartitions, top_cpuset's effective CPUs * should be the same as the active CPUs, so checking only top_cpuset * is enough to detect racing CPU offlines. */ if (!top_cpuset.nr_subparts_cpus && !cpumask_equal(top_cpuset.effective_cpus, cpu_active_mask)) return; /* * With subpartition CPUs, however, the effective CPUs of a partition * root should be only a subset of the active CPUs. Since a CPU in any * partition root could be offlined, all must be checked. */ if (top_cpuset.nr_subparts_cpus) { rcu_read_lock(); cpuset_for_each_descendant_pre(cs, pos_css, &top_cpuset) { if (!is_partition_root(cs)) { pos_css = css_rightmost_descendant(pos_css); continue; } if (!cpumask_subset(cs->effective_cpus, cpu_active_mask)) { rcu_read_unlock(); return; } } rcu_read_unlock(); } /* Generate domain masks and attrs */ ndoms = generate_sched_domains(&doms, &attr); /* Have scheduler rebuild the domains */ partition_and_rebuild_sched_domains(ndoms, doms, attr); } #else /* !CONFIG_SMP */ static void rebuild_sched_domains_locked(void) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ void rebuild_sched_domains(void) { get_online_cpus(); percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); rebuild_sched_domains_locked(); percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); put_online_cpus(); } /** * update_tasks_cpumask - Update the cpumasks of tasks in the cpuset. * @cs: the cpuset in which each task's cpus_allowed mask needs to be changed * * Iterate through each task of @cs updating its cpus_allowed to the * effective cpuset's. As this function is called with cpuset_mutex held, * cpuset membership stays stable. */ static void update_tasks_cpumask(struct cpuset *cs) { struct css_task_iter it; struct task_struct *task; css_task_iter_start(&cs->css, 0, &it); while ((task = css_task_iter_next(&it))) set_cpus_allowed_ptr(task, cs->effective_cpus); css_task_iter_end(&it); } /** * compute_effective_cpumask - Compute the effective cpumask of the cpuset * @new_cpus: the temp variable for the new effective_cpus mask * @cs: the cpuset the need to recompute the new effective_cpus mask * @parent: the parent cpuset * * If the parent has subpartition CPUs, include them in the list of * allowable CPUs in computing the new effective_cpus mask. Since offlined * CPUs are not removed from subparts_cpus, we have to use cpu_active_mask * to mask those out. */ static void compute_effective_cpumask(struct cpumask *new_cpus, struct cpuset *cs, struct cpuset *parent) { if (parent->nr_subparts_cpus) { cpumask_or(new_cpus, parent->effective_cpus, parent->subparts_cpus); cpumask_and(new_cpus, new_cpus, cs->cpus_allowed); cpumask_and(new_cpus, new_cpus, cpu_active_mask); } else { cpumask_and(new_cpus, cs->cpus_allowed, parent->effective_cpus); } } /* * Commands for update_parent_subparts_cpumask */ enum subparts_cmd { partcmd_enable, /* Enable partition root */ partcmd_disable, /* Disable partition root */ partcmd_update, /* Update parent's subparts_cpus */ }; /** * update_parent_subparts_cpumask - update subparts_cpus mask of parent cpuset * @cpuset: The cpuset that requests change in partition root state * @cmd: Partition root state change command * @newmask: Optional new cpumask for partcmd_update * @tmp: Temporary addmask and delmask * Return: 0, 1 or an error code * * For partcmd_enable, the cpuset is being transformed from a non-partition * root to a partition root. The cpus_allowed mask of the given cpuset will * be put into parent's subparts_cpus and taken away from parent's * effective_cpus. The function will return 0 if all the CPUs listed in * cpus_allowed can be granted or an error code will be returned. * * For partcmd_disable, the cpuset is being transofrmed from a partition * root back to a non-partition root. Any CPUs in cpus_allowed that are in * parent's subparts_cpus will be taken away from that cpumask and put back * into parent's effective_cpus. 0 should always be returned. * * For partcmd_update, if the optional newmask is specified, the cpu * list is to be changed from cpus_allowed to newmask. Otherwise, * cpus_allowed is assumed to remain the same. The cpuset should either * be a partition root or an invalid partition root. The partition root * state may change if newmask is NULL and none of the requested CPUs can * be granted by the parent. The function will return 1 if changes to * parent's subparts_cpus and effective_cpus happen or 0 otherwise. * Error code should only be returned when newmask is non-NULL. * * The partcmd_enable and partcmd_disable commands are used by * update_prstate(). The partcmd_update command is used by * update_cpumasks_hier() with newmask NULL and update_cpumask() with * newmask set. * * The checking is more strict when enabling partition root than the * other two commands. * * Because of the implicit cpu exclusive nature of a partition root, * cpumask changes that violates the cpu exclusivity rule will not be * permitted when checked by validate_change(). The validate_change() * function will also prevent any changes to the cpu list if it is not * a superset of children's cpu lists. */ static int update_parent_subparts_cpumask(struct cpuset *cpuset, int cmd, struct cpumask *newmask, struct tmpmasks *tmp) { struct cpuset *parent = parent_cs(cpuset); int adding; /* Moving cpus from effective_cpus to subparts_cpus */ int deleting; /* Moving cpus from subparts_cpus to effective_cpus */ int new_prs; bool part_error = false; /* Partition error? */ percpu_rwsem_assert_held(&cpuset_rwsem); /* * The parent must be a partition root. * The new cpumask, if present, or the current cpus_allowed must * not be empty. */ if (!is_partition_root(parent) || (newmask && cpumask_empty(newmask)) || (!newmask && cpumask_empty(cpuset->cpus_allowed))) return -EINVAL; /* * Enabling/disabling partition root is not allowed if there are * online children. */ if ((cmd != partcmd_update) && css_has_online_children(&cpuset->css)) return -EBUSY; /* * Enabling partition root is not allowed if not all the CPUs * can be granted from parent's effective_cpus or at least one * CPU will be left after that. */ if ((cmd == partcmd_enable) && (!cpumask_subset(cpuset->cpus_allowed, parent->effective_cpus) || cpumask_equal(cpuset->cpus_allowed, parent->effective_cpus))) return -EINVAL; /* * A cpumask update cannot make parent's effective_cpus become empty. */ adding = deleting = false; new_prs = cpuset->partition_root_state; if (cmd == partcmd_enable) { cpumask_copy(tmp->addmask, cpuset->cpus_allowed); adding = true; } else if (cmd == partcmd_disable) { deleting = cpumask_and(tmp->delmask, cpuset->cpus_allowed, parent->subparts_cpus); } else if (newmask) { /* * partcmd_update with newmask: * * delmask = cpus_allowed & ~newmask & parent->subparts_cpus * addmask = newmask & parent->effective_cpus * & ~parent->subparts_cpus */ cpumask_andnot(tmp->delmask, cpuset->cpus_allowed, newmask); deleting = cpumask_and(tmp->delmask, tmp->delmask, parent->subparts_cpus); cpumask_and(tmp->addmask, newmask, parent->effective_cpus); adding = cpumask_andnot(tmp->addmask, tmp->addmask, parent->subparts_cpus); /* * Return error if the new effective_cpus could become empty. */ if (adding && cpumask_equal(parent->effective_cpus, tmp->addmask)) { if (!deleting) return -EINVAL; /* * As some of the CPUs in subparts_cpus might have * been offlined, we need to compute the real delmask * to confirm that. */ if (!cpumask_and(tmp->addmask, tmp->delmask, cpu_active_mask)) return -EINVAL; cpumask_copy(tmp->addmask, parent->effective_cpus); } } else { /* * partcmd_update w/o newmask: * * addmask = cpus_allowed & parent->effective_cpus * * Note that parent's subparts_cpus may have been * pre-shrunk in case there is a change in the cpu list. * So no deletion is needed. */ adding = cpumask_and(tmp->addmask, cpuset->cpus_allowed, parent->effective_cpus); part_error = cpumask_equal(tmp->addmask, parent->effective_cpus); } if (cmd == partcmd_update) { int prev_prs = cpuset->partition_root_state; /* * Check for possible transition between PRS_ENABLED * and PRS_ERROR. */ switch (cpuset->partition_root_state) { case PRS_ENABLED: if (part_error) new_prs = PRS_ERROR; break; case PRS_ERROR: if (!part_error) new_prs = PRS_ENABLED; break; } /* * Set part_error if previously in invalid state. */ part_error = (prev_prs == PRS_ERROR); } if (!part_error && (new_prs == PRS_ERROR)) return 0; /* Nothing need to be done */ if (new_prs == PRS_ERROR) { /* * Remove all its cpus from parent's subparts_cpus. */ adding = false; deleting = cpumask_and(tmp->delmask, cpuset->cpus_allowed, parent->subparts_cpus); } if (!adding && !deleting && (new_prs == cpuset->partition_root_state)) return 0; /* * Change the parent's subparts_cpus. * Newly added CPUs will be removed from effective_cpus and * newly deleted ones will be added back to effective_cpus. */ spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); if (adding) { cpumask_or(parent->subparts_cpus, parent->subparts_cpus, tmp->addmask); cpumask_andnot(parent->effective_cpus, parent->effective_cpus, tmp->addmask); } if (deleting) { cpumask_andnot(parent->subparts_cpus, parent->subparts_cpus, tmp->delmask); /* * Some of the CPUs in subparts_cpus might have been offlined. */ cpumask_and(tmp->delmask, tmp->delmask, cpu_active_mask); cpumask_or(parent->effective_cpus, parent->effective_cpus, tmp->delmask); } parent->nr_subparts_cpus = cpumask_weight(parent->subparts_cpus); if (cpuset->partition_root_state != new_prs) cpuset->partition_root_state = new_prs; spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); return cmd == partcmd_update; } /* * update_cpumasks_hier - Update effective cpumasks and tasks in the subtree * @cs: the cpuset to consider * @tmp: temp variables for calculating effective_cpus & partition setup * * When congifured cpumask is changed, the effective cpumasks of this cpuset * and all its descendants need to be updated. * * On legacy hierachy, effective_cpus will be the same with cpu_allowed. * * Called with cpuset_mutex held */ static void update_cpumasks_hier(struct cpuset *cs, struct tmpmasks *tmp) { struct cpuset *cp; struct cgroup_subsys_state *pos_css; bool need_rebuild_sched_domains = false; int new_prs; rcu_read_lock(); cpuset_for_each_descendant_pre(cp, pos_css, cs) { struct cpuset *parent = parent_cs(cp); compute_effective_cpumask(tmp->new_cpus, cp, parent); /* * If it becomes empty, inherit the effective mask of the * parent, which is guaranteed to have some CPUs. */ if (is_in_v2_mode() && cpumask_empty(tmp->new_cpus)) { cpumask_copy(tmp->new_cpus, parent->effective_cpus); if (!cp->use_parent_ecpus) { cp->use_parent_ecpus = true; parent->child_ecpus_count++; } } else if (cp->use_parent_ecpus) { cp->use_parent_ecpus = false; WARN_ON_ONCE(!parent->child_ecpus_count); parent->child_ecpus_count--; } /* * Skip the whole subtree if the cpumask remains the same * and has no partition root state. */ if (!cp->partition_root_state && cpumask_equal(tmp->new_cpus, cp->effective_cpus)) { pos_css = css_rightmost_descendant(pos_css); continue; } /* * update_parent_subparts_cpumask() should have been called * for cs already in update_cpumask(). We should also call * update_tasks_cpumask() again for tasks in the parent * cpuset if the parent's subparts_cpus changes. */ new_prs = cp->partition_root_state; if ((cp != cs) && new_prs) { switch (parent->partition_root_state) { case PRS_DISABLED: /* * If parent is not a partition root or an * invalid partition root, clear its state * and its CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE flag. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(cp->partition_root_state != PRS_ERROR); new_prs = PRS_DISABLED; /* * clear_bit() is an atomic operation and * readers aren't interested in the state * of CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE anyway. So we can * just update the flag without holding * the callback_lock. */ clear_bit(CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE, &cp->flags); break; case PRS_ENABLED: if (update_parent_subparts_cpumask(cp, partcmd_update, NULL, tmp)) update_tasks_cpumask(parent); break; case PRS_ERROR: /* * When parent is invalid, it has to be too. */ new_prs = PRS_ERROR; break; } } if (!css_tryget_online(&cp->css)) continue; rcu_read_unlock(); spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); cpumask_copy(cp->effective_cpus, tmp->new_cpus); if (cp->nr_subparts_cpus && (new_prs != PRS_ENABLED)) { cp->nr_subparts_cpus = 0; cpumask_clear(cp->subparts_cpus); } else if (cp->nr_subparts_cpus) { /* * Make sure that effective_cpus & subparts_cpus * are mutually exclusive. * * In the unlikely event that effective_cpus * becomes empty. we clear cp->nr_subparts_cpus and * let its child partition roots to compete for * CPUs again. */ cpumask_andnot(cp->effective_cpus, cp->effective_cpus, cp->subparts_cpus); if (cpumask_empty(cp->effective_cpus)) { cpumask_copy(cp->effective_cpus, tmp->new_cpus); cpumask_clear(cp->subparts_cpus); cp->nr_subparts_cpus = 0; } else if (!cpumask_subset(cp->subparts_cpus, tmp->new_cpus)) { cpumask_andnot(cp->subparts_cpus, cp->subparts_cpus, tmp->new_cpus); cp->nr_subparts_cpus = cpumask_weight(cp->subparts_cpus); } } if (new_prs != cp->partition_root_state) cp->partition_root_state = new_prs; spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); WARN_ON(!is_in_v2_mode() && !cpumask_equal(cp->cpus_allowed, cp->effective_cpus)); update_tasks_cpumask(cp); /* * On legacy hierarchy, if the effective cpumask of any non- * empty cpuset is changed, we need to rebuild sched domains. * On default hierarchy, the cpuset needs to be a partition * root as well. */ if (!cpumask_empty(cp->cpus_allowed) && is_sched_load_balance(cp) && (!cgroup_subsys_on_dfl(cpuset_cgrp_subsys) || is_partition_root(cp))) need_rebuild_sched_domains = true; rcu_read_lock(); css_put(&cp->css); } rcu_read_unlock(); if (need_rebuild_sched_domains) rebuild_sched_domains_locked(); } /** * update_sibling_cpumasks - Update siblings cpumasks * @parent: Parent cpuset * @cs: Current cpuset * @tmp: Temp variables */ static void update_sibling_cpumasks(struct cpuset *parent, struct cpuset *cs, struct tmpmasks *tmp) { struct cpuset *sibling; struct cgroup_subsys_state *pos_css; /* * Check all its siblings and call update_cpumasks_hier() * if their use_parent_ecpus flag is set in order for them * to use the right effective_cpus value. */ rcu_read_lock(); cpuset_for_each_child(sibling, pos_css, parent) { if (sibling == cs) continue; if (!sibling->use_parent_ecpus) continue; update_cpumasks_hier(sibling, tmp); } rcu_read_unlock(); } /** * update_cpumask - update the cpus_allowed mask of a cpuset and all tasks in it * @cs: the cpuset to consider * @trialcs: trial cpuset * @buf: buffer of cpu numbers written to this cpuset */ static int update_cpumask(struct cpuset *cs, struct cpuset *trialcs, const char *buf) { int retval; struct tmpmasks tmp; /* top_cpuset.cpus_allowed tracks cpu_online_mask; it's read-only */ if (cs == &top_cpuset) return -EACCES; /* * An empty cpus_allowed is ok only if the cpuset has no tasks. * Since cpulist_parse() fails on an empty mask, we special case * that parsing. The validate_change() call ensures that cpusets * with tasks have cpus. */ if (!*buf) { cpumask_clear(trialcs->cpus_allowed); } else { retval = cpulist_parse(buf, trialcs->cpus_allowed); if (retval < 0) return retval; if (!cpumask_subset(trialcs->cpus_allowed, top_cpuset.cpus_allowed)) return -EINVAL; } /* Nothing to do if the cpus didn't change */ if (cpumask_equal(cs->cpus_allowed, trialcs->cpus_allowed)) return 0; retval = validate_change(cs, trialcs); if (retval < 0) return retval; #ifdef CONFIG_CPUMASK_OFFSTACK /* * Use the cpumasks in trialcs for tmpmasks when they are pointers * to allocated cpumasks. */ tmp.addmask = trialcs->subparts_cpus; tmp.delmask = trialcs->effective_cpus; tmp.new_cpus = trialcs->cpus_allowed; #endif if (cs->partition_root_state) { /* Cpumask of a partition root cannot be empty */ if (cpumask_empty(trialcs->cpus_allowed)) return -EINVAL; if (update_parent_subparts_cpumask(cs, partcmd_update, trialcs->cpus_allowed, &tmp) < 0) return -EINVAL; } spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); cpumask_copy(cs->cpus_allowed, trialcs->cpus_allowed); /* * Make sure that subparts_cpus is a subset of cpus_allowed. */ if (cs->nr_subparts_cpus) { cpumask_andnot(cs->subparts_cpus, cs->subparts_cpus, cs->cpus_allowed); cs->nr_subparts_cpus = cpumask_weight(cs->subparts_cpus); } spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); update_cpumasks_hier(cs, &tmp); if (cs->partition_root_state) { struct cpuset *parent = parent_cs(cs); /* * For partition root, update the cpumasks of sibling * cpusets if they use parent's effective_cpus. */ if (parent->child_ecpus_count) update_sibling_cpumasks(parent, cs, &tmp); } return 0; } /* * Migrate memory region from one set of nodes to another. This is * performed asynchronously as it can be called from process migration path * holding locks involved in process management. All mm migrations are * performed in the queued order and can be waited for by flushing * cpuset_migrate_mm_wq. */ struct cpuset_migrate_mm_work { struct work_struct work; struct mm_struct *mm; nodemask_t from; nodemask_t to; }; static void cpuset_migrate_mm_workfn(struct work_struct *work) { struct cpuset_migrate_mm_work *mwork = container_of(work, struct cpuset_migrate_mm_work, work); /* on a wq worker, no need to worry about %current's mems_allowed */ do_migrate_pages(mwork->mm, &mwork->from, &mwork->to, MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL); mmput(mwork->mm); kfree(mwork); } static void cpuset_migrate_mm(struct mm_struct *mm, const nodemask_t *from, const nodemask_t *to) { struct cpuset_migrate_mm_work *mwork; mwork = kzalloc(sizeof(*mwork), GFP_KERNEL); if (mwork) { mwork->mm = mm; mwork->from = *from; mwork->to = *to; INIT_WORK(&mwork->work, cpuset_migrate_mm_workfn); queue_work(cpuset_migrate_mm_wq, &mwork->work); } else { mmput(mm); } } static void cpuset_post_attach(void) { flush_workqueue(cpuset_migrate_mm_wq); } /* * cpuset_change_task_nodemask - change task's mems_allowed and mempolicy * @tsk: the task to change * @newmems: new nodes that the task will be set * * We use the mems_allowed_seq seqlock to safely update both tsk->mems_allowed * and rebind an eventual tasks' mempolicy. If the task is allocating in * parallel, it might temporarily see an empty intersection, which results in * a seqlock check and retry before OOM or allocation failure. */ static void cpuset_change_task_nodemask(struct task_struct *tsk, nodemask_t *newmems) { task_lock(tsk); local_irq_disable(); write_seqcount_begin(&tsk->mems_allowed_seq); nodes_or(tsk->mems_allowed, tsk->mems_allowed, *newmems); mpol_rebind_task(tsk, newmems); tsk->mems_allowed = *newmems; write_seqcount_end(&tsk->mems_allowed_seq); local_irq_enable(); task_unlock(tsk); } static void *cpuset_being_rebound; /** * update_tasks_nodemask - Update the nodemasks of tasks in the cpuset. * @cs: the cpuset in which each task's mems_allowed mask needs to be changed * * Iterate through each task of @cs updating its mems_allowed to the * effective cpuset's. As this function is called with cpuset_mutex held, * cpuset membership stays stable. */ static void update_tasks_nodemask(struct cpuset *cs) { static nodemask_t newmems; /* protected by cpuset_mutex */ struct css_task_iter it; struct task_struct *task; cpuset_being_rebound = cs; /* causes mpol_dup() rebind */ guarantee_online_mems(cs, &newmems); /* * The mpol_rebind_mm() call takes mmap_lock, which we couldn't * take while holding tasklist_lock. Forks can happen - the * mpol_dup() cpuset_being_rebound check will catch such forks, * and rebind their vma mempolicies too. Because we still hold * the global cpuset_mutex, we know that no other rebind effort * will be contending for the global variable cpuset_being_rebound. * It's ok if we rebind the same mm twice; mpol_rebind_mm() * is idempotent. Also migrate pages in each mm to new nodes. */ css_task_iter_start(&cs->css, 0, &it); while ((task = css_task_iter_next(&it))) { struct mm_struct *mm; bool migrate; cpuset_change_task_nodemask(task, &newmems); mm = get_task_mm(task); if (!mm) continue; migrate = is_memory_migrate(cs); mpol_rebind_mm(mm, &cs->mems_allowed); if (migrate) cpuset_migrate_mm(mm, &cs->old_mems_allowed, &newmems); else mmput(mm); } css_task_iter_end(&it); /* * All the tasks' nodemasks have been updated, update * cs->old_mems_allowed. */ cs->old_mems_allowed = newmems; /* We're done rebinding vmas to this cpuset's new mems_allowed. */ cpuset_being_rebound = NULL; } /* * update_nodemasks_hier - Update effective nodemasks and tasks in the subtree * @cs: the cpuset to consider * @new_mems: a temp variable for calculating new effective_mems * * When configured nodemask is changed, the effective nodemasks of this cpuset * and all its descendants need to be updated. * * On legacy hiearchy, effective_mems will be the same with mems_allowed. * * Called with cpuset_mutex held */ static void update_nodemasks_hier(struct cpuset *cs, nodemask_t *new_mems) { struct cpuset *cp; struct cgroup_subsys_state *pos_css; rcu_read_lock(); cpuset_for_each_descendant_pre(cp, pos_css, cs) { struct cpuset *parent = parent_cs(cp); nodes_and(*new_mems, cp->mems_allowed, parent->effective_mems); /* * If it becomes empty, inherit the effective mask of the * parent, which is guaranteed to have some MEMs. */ if (is_in_v2_mode() && nodes_empty(*new_mems)) *new_mems = parent->effective_mems; /* Skip the whole subtree if the nodemask remains the same. */ if (nodes_equal(*new_mems, cp->effective_mems)) { pos_css = css_rightmost_descendant(pos_css); continue; } if (!css_tryget_online(&cp->css)) continue; rcu_read_unlock(); spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); cp->effective_mems = *new_mems; spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); WARN_ON(!is_in_v2_mode() && !nodes_equal(cp->mems_allowed, cp->effective_mems)); update_tasks_nodemask(cp); rcu_read_lock(); css_put(&cp->css); } rcu_read_unlock(); } /* * Handle user request to change the 'mems' memory placement * of a cpuset. Needs to validate the request, update the * cpusets mems_allowed, and for each task in the cpuset, * update mems_allowed and rebind task's mempolicy and any vma * mempolicies and if the cpuset is marked 'memory_migrate', * migrate the tasks pages to the new memory. * * Call with cpuset_mutex held. May take callback_lock during call. * Will take tasklist_lock, scan tasklist for tasks in cpuset cs, * lock each such tasks mm->mmap_lock, scan its vma's and rebind * their mempolicies to the cpusets new mems_allowed. */ static int update_nodemask(struct cpuset *cs, struct cpuset *trialcs, const char *buf) { int retval; /* * top_cpuset.mems_allowed tracks node_stats[N_MEMORY]; * it's read-only */ if (cs == &top_cpuset) { retval = -EACCES; goto done; } /* * An empty mems_allowed is ok iff there are no tasks in the cpuset. * Since nodelist_parse() fails on an empty mask, we special case * that parsing. The validate_change() call ensures that cpusets * with tasks have memory. */ if (!*buf) { nodes_clear(trialcs->mems_allowed); } else { retval = nodelist_parse(buf, trialcs->mems_allowed); if (retval < 0) goto done; if (!nodes_subset(trialcs->mems_allowed, top_cpuset.mems_allowed)) { retval = -EINVAL; goto done; } } if (nodes_equal(cs->mems_allowed, trialcs->mems_allowed)) { retval = 0; /* Too easy - nothing to do */ goto done; } retval = validate_change(cs, trialcs); if (retval < 0) goto done; spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); cs->mems_allowed = trialcs->mems_allowed; spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); /* use trialcs->mems_allowed as a temp variable */ update_nodemasks_hier(cs, &trialcs->mems_allowed); done: return retval; } bool current_cpuset_is_being_rebound(void) { bool ret; rcu_read_lock(); ret = task_cs(current) == cpuset_being_rebound; rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } static int update_relax_domain_level(struct cpuset *cs, s64 val) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP if (val < -1 || val >= sched_domain_level_max) return -EINVAL; #endif if (val != cs->relax_domain_level) { cs->relax_domain_level = val; if (!cpumask_empty(cs->cpus_allowed) && is_sched_load_balance(cs)) rebuild_sched_domains_locked(); } return 0; } /** * update_tasks_flags - update the spread flags of tasks in the cpuset. * @cs: the cpuset in which each task's spread flags needs to be changed * * Iterate through each task of @cs updating its spread flags. As this * function is called with cpuset_mutex held, cpuset membership stays * stable. */ static void update_tasks_flags(struct cpuset *cs) { struct css_task_iter it; struct task_struct *task; css_task_iter_start(&cs->css, 0, &it); while ((task = css_task_iter_next(&it))) cpuset_update_task_spread_flag(cs, task); css_task_iter_end(&it); } /* * update_flag - read a 0 or a 1 in a file and update associated flag * bit: the bit to update (see cpuset_flagbits_t) * cs: the cpuset to update * turning_on: whether the flag is being set or cleared * * Call with cpuset_mutex held. */ static int update_flag(cpuset_flagbits_t bit, struct cpuset *cs, int turning_on) { struct cpuset *trialcs; int balance_flag_changed; int spread_flag_changed; int err; trialcs = alloc_trial_cpuset(cs); if (!trialcs) return -ENOMEM; if (turning_on) set_bit(bit, &trialcs->flags); else clear_bit(bit, &trialcs->flags); err = validate_change(cs, trialcs); if (err < 0) goto out; balance_flag_changed = (is_sched_load_balance(cs) != is_sched_load_balance(trialcs)); spread_flag_changed = ((is_spread_slab(cs) != is_spread_slab(trialcs)) || (is_spread_page(cs) != is_spread_page(trialcs))); spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); cs->flags = trialcs->flags; spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); if (!cpumask_empty(trialcs->cpus_allowed) && balance_flag_changed) rebuild_sched_domains_locked(); if (spread_flag_changed) update_tasks_flags(cs); out: free_cpuset(trialcs); return err; } /* * update_prstate - update partititon_root_state * cs: the cpuset to update * new_prs: new partition root state * * Call with cpuset_mutex held. */ static int update_prstate(struct cpuset *cs, int new_prs) { int err, old_prs = cs->partition_root_state; struct cpuset *parent = parent_cs(cs); struct tmpmasks tmpmask; if (old_prs == new_prs) return 0; /* * Cannot force a partial or invalid partition root to a full * partition root. */ if (new_prs && (old_prs == PRS_ERROR)) return -EINVAL; if (alloc_cpumasks(NULL, &tmpmask)) return -ENOMEM; err = -EINVAL; if (!old_prs) { /* * Turning on partition root requires setting the * CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE bit implicitly as well and cpus_allowed * cannot be NULL. */ if (cpumask_empty(cs->cpus_allowed)) goto out; err = update_flag(CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE, cs, 1); if (err) goto out; err = update_parent_subparts_cpumask(cs, partcmd_enable, NULL, &tmpmask); if (err) { update_flag(CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE, cs, 0); goto out; } } else { /* * Turning off partition root will clear the * CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE bit. */ if (old_prs == PRS_ERROR) { update_flag(CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE, cs, 0); err = 0; goto out; } err = update_parent_subparts_cpumask(cs, partcmd_disable, NULL, &tmpmask); if (err) goto out; /* Turning off CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE will not return error */ update_flag(CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE, cs, 0); } /* * Update cpumask of parent's tasks except when it is the top * cpuset as some system daemons cannot be mapped to other CPUs. */ if (parent != &top_cpuset) update_tasks_cpumask(parent); if (parent->child_ecpus_count) update_sibling_cpumasks(parent, cs, &tmpmask); rebuild_sched_domains_locked(); out: if (!err) { spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); cs->partition_root_state = new_prs; spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); } free_cpumasks(NULL, &tmpmask); return err; } /* * Frequency meter - How fast is some event occurring? * * These routines manage a digitally filtered, constant time based, * event frequency meter. There are four routines: * fmeter_init() - initialize a frequency meter. * fmeter_markevent() - called each time the event happens. * fmeter_getrate() - returns the recent rate of such events. * fmeter_update() - internal routine used to update fmeter. * * A common data structure is passed to each of these routines, * which is used to keep track of the state required to manage the * frequency meter and its digital filter. * * The filter works on the number of events marked per unit time. * The filter is single-pole low-pass recursive (IIR). The time unit * is 1 second. Arithmetic is done using 32-bit integers scaled to * simulate 3 decimal digits of precision (multiplied by 1000). * * With an FM_COEF of 933, and a time base of 1 second, the filter * has a half-life of 10 seconds, meaning that if the events quit * happening, then the rate returned from the fmeter_getrate() * will be cut in half each 10 seconds, until it converges to zero. * * It is not worth doing a real infinitely recursive filter. If more * than FM_MAXTICKS ticks have elapsed since the last filter event, * just compute FM_MAXTICKS ticks worth, by which point the level * will be stable. * * Limit the count of unprocessed events to FM_MAXCNT, so as to avoid * arithmetic overflow in the fmeter_update() routine. * * Given the simple 32 bit integer arithmetic used, this meter works * best for reporting rates between one per millisecond (msec) and * one per 32 (approx) seconds. At constant rates faster than one * per msec it maxes out at values just under 1,000,000. At constant * rates between one per msec, and one per second it will stabilize * to a value N*1000, where N is the rate of events per second. * At constant rates between one per second and one per 32 seconds, * it will be choppy, moving up on the seconds that have an event, * and then decaying until the next event. At rates slower than * about one in 32 seconds, it decays all the way back to zero between * each event. */ #define FM_COEF 933 /* coefficient for half-life of 10 secs */ #define FM_MAXTICKS ((u32)99) /* useless computing more ticks than this */ #define FM_MAXCNT 1000000 /* limit cnt to avoid overflow */ #define FM_SCALE 1000 /* faux fixed point scale */ /* Initialize a frequency meter */ static void fmeter_init(struct fmeter *fmp) { fmp->cnt = 0; fmp->val = 0; fmp->time = 0; spin_lock_init(&fmp->lock); } /* Internal meter update - process cnt events and update value */ static void fmeter_update(struct fmeter *fmp) { time64_t now; u32 ticks; now = ktime_get_seconds(); ticks = now - fmp->time; if (ticks == 0) return; ticks = min(FM_MAXTICKS, ticks); while (ticks-- > 0) fmp->val = (FM_COEF * fmp->val) / FM_SCALE; fmp->time = now; fmp->val += ((FM_SCALE - FM_COEF) * fmp->cnt) / FM_SCALE; fmp->cnt = 0; } /* Process any previous ticks, then bump cnt by one (times scale). */ static void fmeter_markevent(struct fmeter *fmp) { spin_lock(&fmp->lock); fmeter_update(fmp); fmp->cnt = min(FM_MAXCNT, fmp->cnt + FM_SCALE); spin_unlock(&fmp->lock); } /* Process any previous ticks, then return current value. */ static int fmeter_getrate(struct fmeter *fmp) { int val; spin_lock(&fmp->lock); fmeter_update(fmp); val = fmp->val; spin_unlock(&fmp->lock); return val; } static struct cpuset *cpuset_attach_old_cs; /* Called by cgroups to determine if a cpuset is usable; cpuset_mutex held */ static int cpuset_can_attach(struct cgroup_taskset *tset) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *css; struct cpuset *cs; struct task_struct *task; int ret; /* used later by cpuset_attach() */ cpuset_attach_old_cs = task_cs(cgroup_taskset_first(tset, &css)); cs = css_cs(css); percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); /* allow moving tasks into an empty cpuset if on default hierarchy */ ret = -ENOSPC; if (!is_in_v2_mode() && (cpumask_empty(cs->cpus_allowed) || nodes_empty(cs->mems_allowed))) goto out_unlock; cgroup_taskset_for_each(task, css, tset) { ret = task_can_attach(task, cs->cpus_allowed); if (ret) goto out_unlock; ret = security_task_setscheduler(task); if (ret) goto out_unlock; } /* * Mark attach is in progress. This makes validate_change() fail * changes which zero cpus/mems_allowed. */ cs->attach_in_progress++; ret = 0; out_unlock: percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); return ret; } static void cpuset_cancel_attach(struct cgroup_taskset *tset) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *css; cgroup_taskset_first(tset, &css); percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); css_cs(css)->attach_in_progress--; percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); } /* * Protected by cpuset_mutex. cpus_attach is used only by cpuset_attach() * but we can't allocate it dynamically there. Define it global and * allocate from cpuset_init(). */ static cpumask_var_t cpus_attach; static void cpuset_attach(struct cgroup_taskset *tset) { /* static buf protected by cpuset_mutex */ static nodemask_t cpuset_attach_nodemask_to; struct task_struct *task; struct task_struct *leader; struct cgroup_subsys_state *css; struct cpuset *cs; struct cpuset *oldcs = cpuset_attach_old_cs; cgroup_taskset_first(tset, &css); cs = css_cs(css); percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); /* prepare for attach */ if (cs == &top_cpuset) cpumask_copy(cpus_attach, cpu_possible_mask); else guarantee_online_cpus(cs, cpus_attach); guarantee_online_mems(cs, &cpuset_attach_nodemask_to); cgroup_taskset_for_each(task, css, tset) { /* * can_attach beforehand should guarantee that this doesn't * fail. TODO: have a better way to handle failure here */ WARN_ON_ONCE(set_cpus_allowed_ptr(task, cpus_attach)); cpuset_change_task_nodemask(task, &cpuset_attach_nodemask_to); cpuset_update_task_spread_flag(cs, task); } /* * Change mm for all threadgroup leaders. This is expensive and may * sleep and should be moved outside migration path proper. */ cpuset_attach_nodemask_to = cs->effective_mems; cgroup_taskset_for_each_leader(leader, css, tset) { struct mm_struct *mm = get_task_mm(leader); if (mm) { mpol_rebind_mm(mm, &cpuset_attach_nodemask_to); /* * old_mems_allowed is the same with mems_allowed * here, except if this task is being moved * automatically due to hotplug. In that case * @mems_allowed has been updated and is empty, so * @old_mems_allowed is the right nodesets that we * migrate mm from. */ if (is_memory_migrate(cs)) cpuset_migrate_mm(mm, &oldcs->old_mems_allowed, &cpuset_attach_nodemask_to); else mmput(mm); } } cs->old_mems_allowed = cpuset_attach_nodemask_to; cs->attach_in_progress--; if (!cs->attach_in_progress) wake_up(&cpuset_attach_wq); percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); } /* The various types of files and directories in a cpuset file system */ typedef enum { FILE_MEMORY_MIGRATE, FILE_CPULIST, FILE_MEMLIST, FILE_EFFECTIVE_CPULIST, FILE_EFFECTIVE_MEMLIST, FILE_SUBPARTS_CPULIST, FILE_CPU_EXCLUSIVE, FILE_MEM_EXCLUSIVE, FILE_MEM_HARDWALL, FILE_SCHED_LOAD_BALANCE, FILE_PARTITION_ROOT, FILE_SCHED_RELAX_DOMAIN_LEVEL, FILE_MEMORY_PRESSURE_ENABLED, FILE_MEMORY_PRESSURE, FILE_SPREAD_PAGE, FILE_SPREAD_SLAB, } cpuset_filetype_t; static int cpuset_write_u64(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css, struct cftype *cft, u64 val) { struct cpuset *cs = css_cs(css); cpuset_filetype_t type = cft->private; int retval = 0; get_online_cpus(); percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); if (!is_cpuset_online(cs)) { retval = -ENODEV; goto out_unlock; } switch (type) { case FILE_CPU_EXCLUSIVE: retval = update_flag(CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE, cs, val); break; case FILE_MEM_EXCLUSIVE: retval = update_flag(CS_MEM_EXCLUSIVE, cs, val); break; case FILE_MEM_HARDWALL: retval = update_flag(CS_MEM_HARDWALL, cs, val); break; case FILE_SCHED_LOAD_BALANCE: retval = update_flag(CS_SCHED_LOAD_BALANCE, cs, val); break; case FILE_MEMORY_MIGRATE: retval = update_flag(CS_MEMORY_MIGRATE, cs, val); break; case FILE_MEMORY_PRESSURE_ENABLED: cpuset_memory_pressure_enabled = !!val; break; case FILE_SPREAD_PAGE: retval = update_flag(CS_SPREAD_PAGE, cs, val); break; case FILE_SPREAD_SLAB: retval = update_flag(CS_SPREAD_SLAB, cs, val); break; default: retval = -EINVAL; break; } out_unlock: percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); put_online_cpus(); return retval; } static int cpuset_write_s64(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css, struct cftype *cft, s64 val) { struct cpuset *cs = css_cs(css); cpuset_filetype_t type = cft->private; int retval = -ENODEV; get_online_cpus(); percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); if (!is_cpuset_online(cs)) goto out_unlock; switch (type) { case FILE_SCHED_RELAX_DOMAIN_LEVEL: retval = update_relax_domain_level(cs, val); break; default: retval = -EINVAL; break; } out_unlock: percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); put_online_cpus(); return retval; } /* * Common handling for a write to a "cpus" or "mems" file. */ static ssize_t cpuset_write_resmask(struct kernfs_open_file *of, char *buf, size_t nbytes, loff_t off) { struct cpuset *cs = css_cs(of_css(of)); struct cpuset *trialcs; int retval = -ENODEV; buf = strstrip(buf); /* * CPU or memory hotunplug may leave @cs w/o any execution * resources, in which case the hotplug code asynchronously updates * configuration and transfers all tasks to the nearest ancestor * which can execute. * * As writes to "cpus" or "mems" may restore @cs's execution * resources, wait for the previously scheduled operations before * proceeding, so that we don't end up keep removing tasks added * after execution capability is restored. * * cpuset_hotplug_work calls back into cgroup core via * cgroup_transfer_tasks() and waiting for it from a cgroupfs * operation like this one can lead to a deadlock through kernfs * active_ref protection. Let's break the protection. Losing the * protection is okay as we check whether @cs is online after * grabbing cpuset_mutex anyway. This only happens on the legacy * hierarchies. */ css_get(&cs->css); kernfs_break_active_protection(of->kn); flush_work(&cpuset_hotplug_work); get_online_cpus(); percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); if (!is_cpuset_online(cs)) goto out_unlock; trialcs = alloc_trial_cpuset(cs); if (!trialcs) { retval = -ENOMEM; goto out_unlock; } switch (of_cft(of)->private) { case FILE_CPULIST: retval = update_cpumask(cs, trialcs, buf); break; case FILE_MEMLIST: retval = update_nodemask(cs, trialcs, buf); break; default: retval = -EINVAL; break; } free_cpuset(trialcs); out_unlock: percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); put_online_cpus(); kernfs_unbreak_active_protection(of->kn); css_put(&cs->css); flush_workqueue(cpuset_migrate_mm_wq); return retval ?: nbytes; } /* * These ascii lists should be read in a single call, by using a user * buffer large enough to hold the entire map. If read in smaller * chunks, there is no guarantee of atomicity. Since the display format * used, list of ranges of sequential numbers, is variable length, * and since these maps can change value dynamically, one could read * gibberish by doing partial reads while a list was changing. */ static int cpuset_common_seq_show(struct seq_file *sf, void *v) { struct cpuset *cs = css_cs(seq_css(sf)); cpuset_filetype_t type = seq_cft(sf)->private; int ret = 0; spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); switch (type) { case FILE_CPULIST: seq_printf(sf, "%*pbl\n", cpumask_pr_args(cs->cpus_allowed)); break; case FILE_MEMLIST: seq_printf(sf, "%*pbl\n", nodemask_pr_args(&cs->mems_allowed)); break; case FILE_EFFECTIVE_CPULIST: seq_printf(sf, "%*pbl\n", cpumask_pr_args(cs->effective_cpus)); break; case FILE_EFFECTIVE_MEMLIST: seq_printf(sf, "%*pbl\n", nodemask_pr_args(&cs->effective_mems)); break; case FILE_SUBPARTS_CPULIST: seq_printf(sf, "%*pbl\n", cpumask_pr_args(cs->subparts_cpus)); break; default: ret = -EINVAL; } spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); return ret; } static u64 cpuset_read_u64(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css, struct cftype *cft) { struct cpuset *cs = css_cs(css); cpuset_filetype_t type = cft->private; switch (type) { case FILE_CPU_EXCLUSIVE: return is_cpu_exclusive(cs); case FILE_MEM_EXCLUSIVE: return is_mem_exclusive(cs); case FILE_MEM_HARDWALL: return is_mem_hardwall(cs); case FILE_SCHED_LOAD_BALANCE: return is_sched_load_balance(cs); case FILE_MEMORY_MIGRATE: return is_memory_migrate(cs); case FILE_MEMORY_PRESSURE_ENABLED: return cpuset_memory_pressure_enabled; case FILE_MEMORY_PRESSURE: return fmeter_getrate(&cs->fmeter); case FILE_SPREAD_PAGE: return is_spread_page(cs); case FILE_SPREAD_SLAB: return is_spread_slab(cs); default: BUG(); } /* Unreachable but makes gcc happy */ return 0; } static s64 cpuset_read_s64(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css, struct cftype *cft) { struct cpuset *cs = css_cs(css); cpuset_filetype_t type = cft->private; switch (type) { case FILE_SCHED_RELAX_DOMAIN_LEVEL: return cs->relax_domain_level; default: BUG(); } /* Unrechable but makes gcc happy */ return 0; } static int sched_partition_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { struct cpuset *cs = css_cs(seq_css(seq)); switch (cs->partition_root_state) { case PRS_ENABLED: seq_puts(seq, "root\n"); break; case PRS_DISABLED: seq_puts(seq, "member\n"); break; case PRS_ERROR: seq_puts(seq, "root invalid\n"); break; } return 0; } static ssize_t sched_partition_write(struct kernfs_open_file *of, char *buf, size_t nbytes, loff_t off) { struct cpuset *cs = css_cs(of_css(of)); int val; int retval = -ENODEV; buf = strstrip(buf); /* * Convert "root" to ENABLED, and convert "member" to DISABLED. */ if (!strcmp(buf, "root")) val = PRS_ENABLED; else if (!strcmp(buf, "member")) val = PRS_DISABLED; else return -EINVAL; css_get(&cs->css); get_online_cpus(); percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); if (!is_cpuset_online(cs)) goto out_unlock; retval = update_prstate(cs, val); out_unlock: percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); put_online_cpus(); css_put(&cs->css); return retval ?: nbytes; } /* * for the common functions, 'private' gives the type of file */ static struct cftype legacy_files[] = { { .name = "cpus", .seq_show = cpuset_common_seq_show, .write = cpuset_write_resmask, .max_write_len = (100U + 6 * NR_CPUS), .private = FILE_CPULIST, }, { .name = "mems", .seq_show = cpuset_common_seq_show, .write = cpuset_write_resmask, .max_write_len = (100U + 6 * MAX_NUMNODES), .private = FILE_MEMLIST, }, { .name = "effective_cpus", .seq_show = cpuset_common_seq_show, .private = FILE_EFFECTIVE_CPULIST, }, { .name = "effective_mems", .seq_show = cpuset_common_seq_show, .private = FILE_EFFECTIVE_MEMLIST, }, { .name = "cpu_exclusive", .read_u64 = cpuset_read_u64, .write_u64 = cpuset_write_u64, .private = FILE_CPU_EXCLUSIVE, }, { .name = "mem_exclusive", .read_u64 = cpuset_read_u64, .write_u64 = cpuset_write_u64, .private = FILE_MEM_EXCLUSIVE, }, { .name = "mem_hardwall", .read_u64 = cpuset_read_u64, .write_u64 = cpuset_write_u64, .private = FILE_MEM_HARDWALL, }, { .name = "sched_load_balance", .read_u64 = cpuset_read_u64, .write_u64 = cpuset_write_u64, .private = FILE_SCHED_LOAD_BALANCE, }, { .name = "sched_relax_domain_level", .read_s64 = cpuset_read_s64, .write_s64 = cpuset_write_s64, .private = FILE_SCHED_RELAX_DOMAIN_LEVEL, }, { .name = "memory_migrate", .read_u64 = cpuset_read_u64, .write_u64 = cpuset_write_u64, .private = FILE_MEMORY_MIGRATE, }, { .name = "memory_pressure", .read_u64 = cpuset_read_u64, .private = FILE_MEMORY_PRESSURE, }, { .name = "memory_spread_page", .read_u64 = cpuset_read_u64, .write_u64 = cpuset_write_u64, .private = FILE_SPREAD_PAGE, }, { .name = "memory_spread_slab", .read_u64 = cpuset_read_u64, .write_u64 = cpuset_write_u64, .private = FILE_SPREAD_SLAB, }, { .name = "memory_pressure_enabled", .flags = CFTYPE_ONLY_ON_ROOT, .read_u64 = cpuset_read_u64, .write_u64 = cpuset_write_u64, .private = FILE_MEMORY_PRESSURE_ENABLED, }, { } /* terminate */ }; /* * This is currently a minimal set for the default hierarchy. It can be * expanded later on by migrating more features and control files from v1. */ static struct cftype dfl_files[] = { { .name = "cpus", .seq_show = cpuset_common_seq_show, .write = cpuset_write_resmask, .max_write_len = (100U + 6 * NR_CPUS), .private = FILE_CPULIST, .flags = CFTYPE_NOT_ON_ROOT, }, { .name = "mems", .seq_show = cpuset_common_seq_show, .write = cpuset_write_resmask, .max_write_len = (100U + 6 * MAX_NUMNODES), .private = FILE_MEMLIST, .flags = CFTYPE_NOT_ON_ROOT, }, { .name = "cpus.effective", .seq_show = cpuset_common_seq_show, .private = FILE_EFFECTIVE_CPULIST, }, { .name = "mems.effective", .seq_show = cpuset_common_seq_show, .private = FILE_EFFECTIVE_MEMLIST, }, { .name = "cpus.partition", .seq_show = sched_partition_show, .write = sched_partition_write, .private = FILE_PARTITION_ROOT, .flags = CFTYPE_NOT_ON_ROOT, }, { .name = "cpus.subpartitions", .seq_show = cpuset_common_seq_show, .private = FILE_SUBPARTS_CPULIST, .flags = CFTYPE_DEBUG, }, { } /* terminate */ }; /* * cpuset_css_alloc - allocate a cpuset css * cgrp: control group that the new cpuset will be part of */ static struct cgroup_subsys_state * cpuset_css_alloc(struct cgroup_subsys_state *parent_css) { struct cpuset *cs; if (!parent_css) return &top_cpuset.css; cs = kzalloc(sizeof(*cs), GFP_KERNEL); if (!cs) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (alloc_cpumasks(cs, NULL)) { kfree(cs); return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); } set_bit(CS_SCHED_LOAD_BALANCE, &cs->flags); nodes_clear(cs->mems_allowed); nodes_clear(cs->effective_mems); fmeter_init(&cs->fmeter); cs->relax_domain_level = -1; return &cs->css; } static int cpuset_css_online(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css) { struct cpuset *cs = css_cs(css); struct cpuset *parent = parent_cs(cs); struct cpuset *tmp_cs; struct cgroup_subsys_state *pos_css; if (!parent) return 0; get_online_cpus(); percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); set_bit(CS_ONLINE, &cs->flags); if (is_spread_page(parent)) set_bit(CS_SPREAD_PAGE, &cs->flags); if (is_spread_slab(parent)) set_bit(CS_SPREAD_SLAB, &cs->flags); cpuset_inc(); spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); if (is_in_v2_mode()) { cpumask_copy(cs->effective_cpus, parent->effective_cpus); cs->effective_mems = parent->effective_mems; cs->use_parent_ecpus = true; parent->child_ecpus_count++; } spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); if (!test_bit(CGRP_CPUSET_CLONE_CHILDREN, &css->cgroup->flags)) goto out_unlock; /* * Clone @parent's configuration if CGRP_CPUSET_CLONE_CHILDREN is * set. This flag handling is implemented in cgroup core for * histrical reasons - the flag may be specified during mount. * * Currently, if any sibling cpusets have exclusive cpus or mem, we * refuse to clone the configuration - thereby refusing the task to * be entered, and as a result refusing the sys_unshare() or * clone() which initiated it. If this becomes a problem for some * users who wish to allow that scenario, then this could be * changed to grant parent->cpus_allowed-sibling_cpus_exclusive * (and likewise for mems) to the new cgroup. */ rcu_read_lock(); cpuset_for_each_child(tmp_cs, pos_css, parent) { if (is_mem_exclusive(tmp_cs) || is_cpu_exclusive(tmp_cs)) { rcu_read_unlock(); goto out_unlock; } } rcu_read_unlock(); spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); cs->mems_allowed = parent->mems_allowed; cs->effective_mems = parent->mems_allowed; cpumask_copy(cs->cpus_allowed, parent->cpus_allowed); cpumask_copy(cs->effective_cpus, parent->cpus_allowed); spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); out_unlock: percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); put_online_cpus(); return 0; } /* * If the cpuset being removed has its flag 'sched_load_balance' * enabled, then simulate turning sched_load_balance off, which * will call rebuild_sched_domains_locked(). That is not needed * in the default hierarchy where only changes in partition * will cause repartitioning. * * If the cpuset has the 'sched.partition' flag enabled, simulate * turning 'sched.partition" off. */ static void cpuset_css_offline(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css) { struct cpuset *cs = css_cs(css); get_online_cpus(); percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); if (is_partition_root(cs)) update_prstate(cs, 0); if (!cgroup_subsys_on_dfl(cpuset_cgrp_subsys) && is_sched_load_balance(cs)) update_flag(CS_SCHED_LOAD_BALANCE, cs, 0); if (cs->use_parent_ecpus) { struct cpuset *parent = parent_cs(cs); cs->use_parent_ecpus = false; parent->child_ecpus_count--; } cpuset_dec(); clear_bit(CS_ONLINE, &cs->flags); percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); put_online_cpus(); } static void cpuset_css_free(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css) { struct cpuset *cs = css_cs(css); free_cpuset(cs); } static void cpuset_bind(struct cgroup_subsys_state *root_css) { percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); if (is_in_v2_mode()) { cpumask_copy(top_cpuset.cpus_allowed, cpu_possible_mask); top_cpuset.mems_allowed = node_possible_map; } else { cpumask_copy(top_cpuset.cpus_allowed, top_cpuset.effective_cpus); top_cpuset.mems_allowed = top_cpuset.effective_mems; } spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); } /* * Make sure the new task conform to the current state of its parent, * which could have been changed by cpuset just after it inherits the * state from the parent and before it sits on the cgroup's task list. */ static void cpuset_fork(struct task_struct *task) { if (task_css_is_root(task, cpuset_cgrp_id)) return; set_cpus_allowed_ptr(task, current->cpus_ptr); task->mems_allowed = current->mems_allowed; } struct cgroup_subsys cpuset_cgrp_subsys = { .css_alloc = cpuset_css_alloc, .css_online = cpuset_css_online, .css_offline = cpuset_css_offline, .css_free = cpuset_css_free, .can_attach = cpuset_can_attach, .cancel_attach = cpuset_cancel_attach, .attach = cpuset_attach, .post_attach = cpuset_post_attach, .bind = cpuset_bind, .fork = cpuset_fork, .legacy_cftypes = legacy_files, .dfl_cftypes = dfl_files, .early_init = true, .threaded = true, }; /** * cpuset_init - initialize cpusets at system boot * * Description: Initialize top_cpuset **/ int __init cpuset_init(void) { BUG_ON(percpu_init_rwsem(&cpuset_rwsem)); BUG_ON(!alloc_cpumask_var(&top_cpuset.cpus_allowed, GFP_KERNEL)); BUG_ON(!alloc_cpumask_var(&top_cpuset.effective_cpus, GFP_KERNEL)); BUG_ON(!zalloc_cpumask_var(&top_cpuset.subparts_cpus, GFP_KERNEL)); cpumask_setall(top_cpuset.cpus_allowed); nodes_setall(top_cpuset.mems_allowed); cpumask_setall(top_cpuset.effective_cpus); nodes_setall(top_cpuset.effective_mems); fmeter_init(&top_cpuset.fmeter); set_bit(CS_SCHED_LOAD_BALANCE, &top_cpuset.flags); top_cpuset.relax_domain_level = -1; BUG_ON(!alloc_cpumask_var(&cpus_attach, GFP_KERNEL)); return 0; } /* * If CPU and/or memory hotplug handlers, below, unplug any CPUs * or memory nodes, we need to walk over the cpuset hierarchy, * removing that CPU or node from all cpusets. If this removes the * last CPU or node from a cpuset, then move the tasks in the empty * cpuset to its next-highest non-empty parent. */ static void remove_tasks_in_empty_cpuset(struct cpuset *cs) { struct cpuset *parent; /* * Find its next-highest non-empty parent, (top cpuset * has online cpus, so can't be empty). */ parent = parent_cs(cs); while (cpumask_empty(parent->cpus_allowed) || nodes_empty(parent->mems_allowed)) parent = parent_cs(parent); if (cgroup_transfer_tasks(parent->css.cgroup, cs->css.cgroup)) { pr_err("cpuset: failed to transfer tasks out of empty cpuset "); pr_cont_cgroup_name(cs->css.cgroup); pr_cont("\n"); } } static void hotplug_update_tasks_legacy(struct cpuset *cs, struct cpumask *new_cpus, nodemask_t *new_mems, bool cpus_updated, bool mems_updated) { bool is_empty; spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); cpumask_copy(cs->cpus_allowed, new_cpus); cpumask_copy(cs->effective_cpus, new_cpus); cs->mems_allowed = *new_mems; cs->effective_mems = *new_mems; spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); /* * Don't call update_tasks_cpumask() if the cpuset becomes empty, * as the tasks will be migratecd to an ancestor. */ if (cpus_updated && !cpumask_empty(cs->cpus_allowed)) update_tasks_cpumask(cs); if (mems_updated && !nodes_empty(cs->mems_allowed)) update_tasks_nodemask(cs); is_empty = cpumask_empty(cs->cpus_allowed) || nodes_empty(cs->mems_allowed); percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); /* * Move tasks to the nearest ancestor with execution resources, * This is full cgroup operation which will also call back into * cpuset. Should be done outside any lock. */ if (is_empty) remove_tasks_in_empty_cpuset(cs); percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); } static void hotplug_update_tasks(struct cpuset *cs, struct cpumask *new_cpus, nodemask_t *new_mems, bool cpus_updated, bool mems_updated) { if (cpumask_empty(new_cpus)) cpumask_copy(new_cpus, parent_cs(cs)->effective_cpus); if (nodes_empty(*new_mems)) *new_mems = parent_cs(cs)->effective_mems; spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); cpumask_copy(cs->effective_cpus, new_cpus); cs->effective_mems = *new_mems; spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); if (cpus_updated) update_tasks_cpumask(cs); if (mems_updated) update_tasks_nodemask(cs); } static bool force_rebuild; void cpuset_force_rebuild(void) { force_rebuild = true; } /** * cpuset_hotplug_update_tasks - update tasks in a cpuset for hotunplug * @cs: cpuset in interest * @tmp: the tmpmasks structure pointer * * Compare @cs's cpu and mem masks against top_cpuset and if some have gone * offline, update @cs accordingly. If @cs ends up with no CPU or memory, * all its tasks are moved to the nearest ancestor with both resources. */ static void cpuset_hotplug_update_tasks(struct cpuset *cs, struct tmpmasks *tmp) { static cpumask_t new_cpus; static nodemask_t new_mems; bool cpus_updated; bool mems_updated; struct cpuset *parent; retry: wait_event(cpuset_attach_wq, cs->attach_in_progress == 0); percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); /* * We have raced with task attaching. We wait until attaching * is finished, so we won't attach a task to an empty cpuset. */ if (cs->attach_in_progress) { percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); goto retry; } parent = parent_cs(cs); compute_effective_cpumask(&new_cpus, cs, parent); nodes_and(new_mems, cs->mems_allowed, parent->effective_mems); if (cs->nr_subparts_cpus) /* * Make sure that CPUs allocated to child partitions * do not show up in effective_cpus. */ cpumask_andnot(&new_cpus, &new_cpus, cs->subparts_cpus); if (!tmp || !cs->partition_root_state) goto update_tasks; /* * In the unlikely event that a partition root has empty * effective_cpus or its parent becomes erroneous, we have to * transition it to the erroneous state. */ if (is_partition_root(cs) && (cpumask_empty(&new_cpus) || (parent->partition_root_state == PRS_ERROR))) { if (cs->nr_subparts_cpus) { spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); cs->nr_subparts_cpus = 0; cpumask_clear(cs->subparts_cpus); spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); compute_effective_cpumask(&new_cpus, cs, parent); } /* * If the effective_cpus is empty because the child * partitions take away all the CPUs, we can keep * the current partition and let the child partitions * fight for available CPUs. */ if ((parent->partition_root_state == PRS_ERROR) || cpumask_empty(&new_cpus)) { update_parent_subparts_cpumask(cs, partcmd_disable, NULL, tmp); spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); cs->partition_root_state = PRS_ERROR; spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); } cpuset_force_rebuild(); } /* * On the other hand, an erroneous partition root may be transitioned * back to a regular one or a partition root with no CPU allocated * from the parent may change to erroneous. */ if (is_partition_root(parent) && ((cs->partition_root_state == PRS_ERROR) || !cpumask_intersects(&new_cpus, parent->subparts_cpus)) && update_parent_subparts_cpumask(cs, partcmd_update, NULL, tmp)) cpuset_force_rebuild(); update_tasks: cpus_updated = !cpumask_equal(&new_cpus, cs->effective_cpus); mems_updated = !nodes_equal(new_mems, cs->effective_mems); if (is_in_v2_mode()) hotplug_update_tasks(cs, &new_cpus, &new_mems, cpus_updated, mems_updated); else hotplug_update_tasks_legacy(cs, &new_cpus, &new_mems, cpus_updated, mems_updated); percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); } /** * cpuset_hotplug_workfn - handle CPU/memory hotunplug for a cpuset * * This function is called after either CPU or memory configuration has * changed and updates cpuset accordingly. The top_cpuset is always * synchronized to cpu_active_mask and N_MEMORY, which is necessary in * order to make cpusets transparent (of no affect) on systems that are * actively using CPU hotplug but making no active use of cpusets. * * Non-root cpusets are only affected by offlining. If any CPUs or memory * nodes have been taken down, cpuset_hotplug_update_tasks() is invoked on * all descendants. * * Note that CPU offlining during suspend is ignored. We don't modify * cpusets across suspend/resume cycles at all. */ static void cpuset_hotplug_workfn(struct work_struct *work) { static cpumask_t new_cpus; static nodemask_t new_mems; bool cpus_updated, mems_updated; bool on_dfl = is_in_v2_mode(); struct tmpmasks tmp, *ptmp = NULL; if (on_dfl && !alloc_cpumasks(NULL, &tmp)) ptmp = &tmp; percpu_down_write(&cpuset_rwsem); /* fetch the available cpus/mems and find out which changed how */ cpumask_copy(&new_cpus, cpu_active_mask); new_mems = node_states[N_MEMORY]; /* * If subparts_cpus is populated, it is likely that the check below * will produce a false positive on cpus_updated when the cpu list * isn't changed. It is extra work, but it is better to be safe. */ cpus_updated = !cpumask_equal(top_cpuset.effective_cpus, &new_cpus); mems_updated = !nodes_equal(top_cpuset.effective_mems, new_mems); /* * In the rare case that hotplug removes all the cpus in subparts_cpus, * we assumed that cpus are updated. */ if (!cpus_updated && top_cpuset.nr_subparts_cpus) cpus_updated = true; /* synchronize cpus_allowed to cpu_active_mask */ if (cpus_updated) { spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); if (!on_dfl) cpumask_copy(top_cpuset.cpus_allowed, &new_cpus); /* * Make sure that CPUs allocated to child partitions * do not show up in effective_cpus. If no CPU is left, * we clear the subparts_cpus & let the child partitions * fight for the CPUs again. */ if (top_cpuset.nr_subparts_cpus) { if (cpumask_subset(&new_cpus, top_cpuset.subparts_cpus)) { top_cpuset.nr_subparts_cpus = 0; cpumask_clear(top_cpuset.subparts_cpus); } else { cpumask_andnot(&new_cpus, &new_cpus, top_cpuset.subparts_cpus); } } cpumask_copy(top_cpuset.effective_cpus, &new_cpus); spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); /* we don't mess with cpumasks of tasks in top_cpuset */ } /* synchronize mems_allowed to N_MEMORY */ if (mems_updated) { spin_lock_irq(&callback_lock); if (!on_dfl) top_cpuset.mems_allowed = new_mems; top_cpuset.effective_mems = new_mems; spin_unlock_irq(&callback_lock); update_tasks_nodemask(&top_cpuset); } percpu_up_write(&cpuset_rwsem); /* if cpus or mems changed, we need to propagate to descendants */ if (cpus_updated || mems_updated) { struct cpuset *cs; struct cgroup_subsys_state *pos_css; rcu_read_lock(); cpuset_for_each_descendant_pre(cs, pos_css, &top_cpuset) { if (cs == &top_cpuset || !css_tryget_online(&cs->css)) continue; rcu_read_unlock(); cpuset_hotplug_update_tasks(cs, ptmp); rcu_read_lock(); css_put(&cs->css); } rcu_read_unlock(); } /* rebuild sched domains if cpus_allowed has changed */ if (cpus_updated || force_rebuild) { force_rebuild = false; rebuild_sched_domains(); } free_cpumasks(NULL, ptmp); } void cpuset_update_active_cpus(void) { /* * We're inside cpu hotplug critical region which usually nests * inside cgroup synchronization. Bounce actual hotplug processing * to a work item to avoid reverse locking order. */ schedule_work(&cpuset_hotplug_work); } void cpuset_wait_for_hotplug(void) { flush_work(&cpuset_hotplug_work); } /* * Keep top_cpuset.mems_allowed tracking node_states[N_MEMORY]. * Call this routine anytime after node_states[N_MEMORY] changes. * See cpuset_update_active_cpus() for CPU hotplug handling. */ static int cpuset_track_online_nodes(struct notifier_block *self, unsigned long action, void *arg) { schedule_work(&cpuset_hotplug_work); return NOTIFY_OK; } static struct notifier_block cpuset_track_online_nodes_nb = { .notifier_call = cpuset_track_online_nodes, .priority = 10, /* ??! */ }; /** * cpuset_init_smp - initialize cpus_allowed * * Description: Finish top cpuset after cpu, node maps are initialized */ void __init cpuset_init_smp(void) { cpumask_copy(top_cpuset.cpus_allowed, cpu_active_mask); top_cpuset.mems_allowed = node_states[N_MEMORY]; top_cpuset.old_mems_allowed = top_cpuset.mems_allowed; cpumask_copy(top_cpuset.effective_cpus, cpu_active_mask); top_cpuset.effective_mems = node_states[N_MEMORY]; register_hotmemory_notifier(&cpuset_track_online_nodes_nb); cpuset_migrate_mm_wq = alloc_ordered_workqueue("cpuset_migrate_mm", 0); BUG_ON(!cpuset_migrate_mm_wq); } /** * cpuset_cpus_allowed - return cpus_allowed mask from a tasks cpuset. * @tsk: pointer to task_struct from which to obtain cpuset->cpus_allowed. * @pmask: pointer to struct cpumask variable to receive cpus_allowed set. * * Description: Returns the cpumask_var_t cpus_allowed of the cpuset * attached to the specified @tsk. Guaranteed to return some non-empty * subset of cpu_online_mask, even if this means going outside the * tasks cpuset. **/ void cpuset_cpus_allowed(struct task_struct *tsk, struct cpumask *pmask) { unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&callback_lock, flags); rcu_read_lock(); guarantee_online_cpus(task_cs(tsk), pmask); rcu_read_unlock(); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&callback_lock, flags); } /** * cpuset_cpus_allowed_fallback - final fallback before complete catastrophe. * @tsk: pointer to task_struct with which the scheduler is struggling * * Description: In the case that the scheduler cannot find an allowed cpu in * tsk->cpus_allowed, we fall back to task_cs(tsk)->cpus_allowed. In legacy * mode however, this value is the same as task_cs(tsk)->effective_cpus, * which will not contain a sane cpumask during cases such as cpu hotplugging. * This is the absolute last resort for the scheduler and it is only used if * _every_ other avenue has been traveled. **/ void cpuset_cpus_allowed_fallback(struct task_struct *tsk) { rcu_read_lock(); do_set_cpus_allowed(tsk, is_in_v2_mode() ? task_cs(tsk)->cpus_allowed : cpu_possible_mask); rcu_read_unlock(); /* * We own tsk->cpus_allowed, nobody can change it under us. * * But we used cs && cs->cpus_allowed lockless and thus can * race with cgroup_attach_task() or update_cpumask() and get * the wrong tsk->cpus_allowed. However, both cases imply the * subsequent cpuset_change_cpumask()->set_cpus_allowed_ptr() * which takes task_rq_lock(). * * If we are called after it dropped the lock we must see all * changes in tsk_cs()->cpus_allowed. Otherwise we can temporary * set any mask even if it is not right from task_cs() pov, * the pending set_cpus_allowed_ptr() will fix things. * * select_fallback_rq() will fix things ups and set cpu_possible_mask * if required. */ } void __init cpuset_init_current_mems_allowed(void) { nodes_setall(current->mems_allowed); } /** * cpuset_mems_allowed - return mems_allowed mask from a tasks cpuset. * @tsk: pointer to task_struct from which to obtain cpuset->mems_allowed. * * Description: Returns the nodemask_t mems_allowed of the cpuset * attached to the specified @tsk. Guaranteed to return some non-empty * subset of node_states[N_MEMORY], even if this means going outside the * tasks cpuset. **/ nodemask_t cpuset_mems_allowed(struct task_struct *tsk) { nodemask_t mask; unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&callback_lock, flags); rcu_read_lock(); guarantee_online_mems(task_cs(tsk), &mask); rcu_read_unlock(); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&callback_lock, flags); return mask; } /** * cpuset_nodemask_valid_mems_allowed - check nodemask vs. curremt mems_allowed * @nodemask: the nodemask to be checked * * Are any of the nodes in the nodemask allowed in current->mems_allowed? */ int cpuset_nodemask_valid_mems_allowed(nodemask_t *nodemask) { return nodes_intersects(*nodemask, current->mems_allowed); } /* * nearest_hardwall_ancestor() - Returns the nearest mem_exclusive or * mem_hardwall ancestor to the specified cpuset. Call holding * callback_lock. If no ancestor is mem_exclusive or mem_hardwall * (an unusual configuration), then returns the root cpuset. */ static struct cpuset *nearest_hardwall_ancestor(struct cpuset *cs) { while (!(is_mem_exclusive(cs) || is_mem_hardwall(cs)) && parent_cs(cs)) cs = parent_cs(cs); return cs; } /** * cpuset_node_allowed - Can we allocate on a memory node? * @node: is this an allowed node? * @gfp_mask: memory allocation flags * * If we're in interrupt, yes, we can always allocate. If @node is set in * current's mems_allowed, yes. If it's not a __GFP_HARDWALL request and this * node is set in the nearest hardwalled cpuset ancestor to current's cpuset, * yes. If current has access to memory reserves as an oom victim, yes. * Otherwise, no. * * GFP_USER allocations are marked with the __GFP_HARDWALL bit, * and do not allow allocations outside the current tasks cpuset * unless the task has been OOM killed. * GFP_KERNEL allocations are not so marked, so can escape to the * nearest enclosing hardwalled ancestor cpuset. * * Scanning up parent cpusets requires callback_lock. The * __alloc_pages() routine only calls here with __GFP_HARDWALL bit * _not_ set if it's a GFP_KERNEL allocation, and all nodes in the * current tasks mems_allowed came up empty on the first pass over * the zonelist. So only GFP_KERNEL allocations, if all nodes in the * cpuset are short of memory, might require taking the callback_lock. * * The first call here from mm/page_alloc:get_page_from_freelist() * has __GFP_HARDWALL set in gfp_mask, enforcing hardwall cpusets, * so no allocation on a node outside the cpuset is allowed (unless * in interrupt, of course). * * The second pass through get_page_from_freelist() doesn't even call * here for GFP_ATOMIC calls. For those calls, the __alloc_pages() * variable 'wait' is not set, and the bit ALLOC_CPUSET is not set * in alloc_flags. That logic and the checks below have the combined * affect that: * in_interrupt - any node ok (current task context irrelevant) * GFP_ATOMIC - any node ok * tsk_is_oom_victim - any node ok * GFP_KERNEL - any node in enclosing hardwalled cpuset ok * GFP_USER - only nodes in current tasks mems allowed ok. */ bool __cpuset_node_allowed(int node, gfp_t gfp_mask) { struct cpuset *cs; /* current cpuset ancestors */ int allowed; /* is allocation in zone z allowed? */ unsigned long flags; if (in_interrupt()) return true; if (node_isset(node, current->mems_allowed)) return true; /* * Allow tasks that have access to memory reserves because they have * been OOM killed to get memory anywhere. */ if (unlikely(tsk_is_oom_victim(current))) return true; if (gfp_mask & __GFP_HARDWALL) /* If hardwall request, stop here */ return false; if (current->flags & PF_EXITING) /* Let dying task have memory */ return true; /* Not hardwall and node outside mems_allowed: scan up cpusets */ spin_lock_irqsave(&callback_lock, flags); rcu_read_lock(); cs = nearest_hardwall_ancestor(task_cs(current)); allowed = node_isset(node, cs->mems_allowed); rcu_read_unlock(); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&callback_lock, flags); return allowed; } /** * cpuset_mem_spread_node() - On which node to begin search for a file page * cpuset_slab_spread_node() - On which node to begin search for a slab page * * If a task is marked PF_SPREAD_PAGE or PF_SPREAD_SLAB (as for * tasks in a cpuset with is_spread_page or is_spread_slab set), * and if the memory allocation used cpuset_mem_spread_node() * to determine on which node to start looking, as it will for * certain page cache or slab cache pages such as used for file * system buffers and inode caches, then instead of starting on the * local node to look for a free page, rather spread the starting * node around the tasks mems_allowed nodes. * * We don't have to worry about the returned node being offline * because "it can't happen", and even if it did, it would be ok. * * The routines calling guarantee_online_mems() are careful to * only set nodes in task->mems_allowed that are online. So it * should not be possible for the following code to return an * offline node. But if it did, that would be ok, as this routine * is not returning the node where the allocation must be, only * the node where the search should start. The zonelist passed to * __alloc_pages() will include all nodes. If the slab allocator * is passed an offline node, it will fall back to the local node. * See kmem_cache_alloc_node(). */ static int cpuset_spread_node(int *rotor) { return *rotor = next_node_in(*rotor, current->mems_allowed); } int cpuset_mem_spread_node(void) { if (current->cpuset_mem_spread_rotor == NUMA_NO_NODE) current->cpuset_mem_spread_rotor = node_random(&current->mems_allowed); return cpuset_spread_node(&current->cpuset_mem_spread_rotor); } int cpuset_slab_spread_node(void) { if (current->cpuset_slab_spread_rotor == NUMA_NO_NODE) current->cpuset_slab_spread_rotor = node_random(&current->mems_allowed); return cpuset_spread_node(&current->cpuset_slab_spread_rotor); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(cpuset_mem_spread_node); /** * cpuset_mems_allowed_intersects - Does @tsk1's mems_allowed intersect @tsk2's? * @tsk1: pointer to task_struct of some task. * @tsk2: pointer to task_struct of some other task. * * Description: Return true if @tsk1's mems_allowed intersects the * mems_allowed of @tsk2. Used by the OOM killer to determine if * one of the task's memory usage might impact the memory available * to the other. **/ int cpuset_mems_allowed_intersects(const struct task_struct *tsk1, const struct task_struct *tsk2) { return nodes_intersects(tsk1->mems_allowed, tsk2->mems_allowed); } /** * cpuset_print_current_mems_allowed - prints current's cpuset and mems_allowed * * Description: Prints current's name, cpuset name, and cached copy of its * mems_allowed to the kernel log. */ void cpuset_print_current_mems_allowed(void) { struct cgroup *cgrp; rcu_read_lock(); cgrp = task_cs(current)->css.cgroup; pr_cont(",cpuset="); pr_cont_cgroup_name(cgrp); pr_cont(",mems_allowed=%*pbl", nodemask_pr_args(&current->mems_allowed)); rcu_read_unlock(); } /* * Collection of memory_pressure is suppressed unless * this flag is enabled by writing "1" to the special * cpuset file 'memory_pressure_enabled' in the root cpuset. */ int cpuset_memory_pressure_enabled __read_mostly; /** * cpuset_memory_pressure_bump - keep stats of per-cpuset reclaims. * * Keep a running average of the rate of synchronous (direct) * page reclaim efforts initiated by tasks in each cpuset. * * This represents the rate at which some task in the cpuset * ran low on memory on all nodes it was allowed to use, and * had to enter the kernels page reclaim code in an effort to * create more free memory by tossing clean pages or swapping * or writing dirty pages. * * Display to user space in the per-cpuset read-only file * "memory_pressure". Value displayed is an integer * representing the recent rate of entry into the synchronous * (direct) page reclaim by any task attached to the cpuset. **/ void __cpuset_memory_pressure_bump(void) { rcu_read_lock(); fmeter_markevent(&task_cs(current)->fmeter); rcu_read_unlock(); } #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_PID_CPUSET /* * proc_cpuset_show() * - Print tasks cpuset path into seq_file. * - Used for /proc/<pid>/cpuset. * - No need to task_lock(tsk) on this tsk->cpuset reference, as it * doesn't really matter if tsk->cpuset changes after we read it, * and we take cpuset_mutex, keeping cpuset_attach() from changing it * anyway. */ int proc_cpuset_show(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns, struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *tsk) { char *buf; struct cgroup_subsys_state *css; int retval; retval = -ENOMEM; buf = kmalloc(PATH_MAX, GFP_KERNEL); if (!buf) goto out; css = task_get_css(tsk, cpuset_cgrp_id); retval = cgroup_path_ns(css->cgroup, buf, PATH_MAX, current->nsproxy->cgroup_ns); css_put(css); if (retval >= PATH_MAX) retval = -ENAMETOOLONG; if (retval < 0) goto out_free; seq_puts(m, buf); seq_putc(m, '\n'); retval = 0; out_free: kfree(buf); out: return retval; } #endif /* CONFIG_PROC_PID_CPUSET */ /* Display task mems_allowed in /proc/<pid>/status file. */ void cpuset_task_status_allowed(struct seq_file *m, struct task_struct *task) { seq_printf(m, "Mems_allowed:\t%*pb\n", nodemask_pr_args(&task->mems_allowed)); seq_printf(m, "Mems_allowed_list:\t%*pbl\n", nodemask_pr_args(&task->mems_allowed)); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_FUTEX_H #define _ASM_X86_FUTEX_H #ifdef __KERNEL__ #include <linux/futex.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/asm.h> #include <asm/errno.h> #include <asm/processor.h> #include <asm/smap.h> #define unsafe_atomic_op1(insn, oval, uaddr, oparg, label) \ do { \ int oldval = 0, ret; \ asm volatile("1:\t" insn "\n" \ "2:\n" \ "\t.section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \ "3:\tmov\t%3, %1\n" \ "\tjmp\t2b\n" \ "\t.previous\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 3b) \ : "=r" (oldval), "=r" (ret), "+m" (*uaddr) \ : "i" (-EFAULT), "0" (oparg), "1" (0)); \ if (ret) \ goto label; \ *oval = oldval; \ } while(0) #define unsafe_atomic_op2(insn, oval, uaddr, oparg, label) \ do { \ int oldval = 0, ret, tem; \ asm volatile("1:\tmovl %2, %0\n" \ "2:\tmovl\t%0, %3\n" \ "\t" insn "\n" \ "3:\t" LOCK_PREFIX "cmpxchgl %3, %2\n" \ "\tjnz\t2b\n" \ "4:\n" \ "\t.section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \ "5:\tmov\t%5, %1\n" \ "\tjmp\t4b\n" \ "\t.previous\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 5b) \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(3b, 5b) \ : "=&a" (oldval), "=&r" (ret), \ "+m" (*uaddr), "=&r" (tem) \ : "r" (oparg), "i" (-EFAULT), "1" (0)); \ if (ret) \ goto label; \ *oval = oldval; \ } while(0) static __always_inline int arch_futex_atomic_op_inuser(int op, int oparg, int *oval, u32 __user *uaddr) { if (!user_access_begin(uaddr, sizeof(u32))) return -EFAULT; switch (op) { case FUTEX_OP_SET: unsafe_atomic_op1("xchgl %0, %2", oval, uaddr, oparg, Efault); break; case FUTEX_OP_ADD: unsafe_atomic_op1(LOCK_PREFIX "xaddl %0, %2", oval, uaddr, oparg, Efault); break; case FUTEX_OP_OR: unsafe_atomic_op2("orl %4, %3", oval, uaddr, oparg, Efault); break; case FUTEX_OP_ANDN: unsafe_atomic_op2("andl %4, %3", oval, uaddr, ~oparg, Efault); break; case FUTEX_OP_XOR: unsafe_atomic_op2("xorl %4, %3", oval, uaddr, oparg, Efault); break; default: user_access_end(); return -ENOSYS; } user_access_end(); return 0; Efault: user_access_end(); return -EFAULT; } static inline int futex_atomic_cmpxchg_inatomic(u32 *uval, u32 __user *uaddr, u32 oldval, u32 newval) { int ret = 0; if (!user_access_begin(uaddr, sizeof(u32))) return -EFAULT; asm volatile("\n" "1:\t" LOCK_PREFIX "cmpxchgl %4, %2\n" "2:\n" "\t.section .fixup, \"ax\"\n" "3:\tmov %3, %0\n" "\tjmp 2b\n" "\t.previous\n" _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 3b) : "+r" (ret), "=a" (oldval), "+m" (*uaddr) : "i" (-EFAULT), "r" (newval), "1" (oldval) : "memory" ); user_access_end(); *uval = oldval; return ret; } #endif #endif /* _ASM_X86_FUTEX_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 /* * DRBG based on NIST SP800-90A * * Copyright Stephan Mueller <smueller@chronox.de>, 2014 * * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions * are met: * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright * notice, and the entire permission notice in its entirety, * including the disclaimer of warranties. * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright * notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the * documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. * 3. The name of the author may not be used to endorse or promote * products derived from this software without specific prior * written permission. * * ALTERNATIVELY, this product may be distributed under the terms of * the GNU General Public License, in which case the provisions of the GPL are * required INSTEAD OF the above restrictions. (This clause is * necessary due to a potential bad interaction between the GPL and * the restrictions contained in a BSD-style copyright.) * * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED * WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES * OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, ALL OF * WHICH ARE HEREBY DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE * LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR * CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT * OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR * BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT * (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE * USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF NOT ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH * DAMAGE. */ #ifndef _DRBG_H #define _DRBG_H #include <linux/random.h> #include <linux/scatterlist.h> #include <crypto/hash.h> #include <crypto/skcipher.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/crypto.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <crypto/internal/rng.h> #include <crypto/rng.h> #include <linux/fips.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> /* * Concatenation Helper and string operation helper * * SP800-90A requires the concatenation of different data. To avoid copying * buffers around or allocate additional memory, the following data structure * is used to point to the original memory with its size. In addition, it * is used to build a linked list. The linked list defines the concatenation * of individual buffers. The order of memory block referenced in that * linked list determines the order of concatenation. */ struct drbg_string { const unsigned char *buf; size_t len; struct list_head list; }; static inline void drbg_string_fill(struct drbg_string *string, const unsigned char *buf, size_t len) { string->buf = buf; string->len = len; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&string->list); } struct drbg_state; typedef uint32_t drbg_flag_t; struct drbg_core { drbg_flag_t flags; /* flags for the cipher */ __u8 statelen; /* maximum state length */ __u8 blocklen_bytes; /* block size of output in bytes */ char cra_name[CRYPTO_MAX_ALG_NAME]; /* mapping to kernel crypto API */ /* kernel crypto API backend cipher name */ char backend_cra_name[CRYPTO_MAX_ALG_NAME]; }; struct drbg_state_ops { int (*update)(struct drbg_state *drbg, struct list_head *seed, int reseed); int (*generate)(struct drbg_state *drbg, unsigned char *buf, unsigned int buflen, struct list_head *addtl); int (*crypto_init)(struct drbg_state *drbg); int (*crypto_fini)(struct drbg_state *drbg); }; struct drbg_test_data { struct drbg_string *testentropy; /* TEST PARAMETER: test entropy */ }; struct drbg_state { struct mutex drbg_mutex; /* lock around DRBG */ unsigned char *V; /* internal state 10.1.1.1 1a) */ unsigned char *Vbuf; /* hash: static value 10.1.1.1 1b) hmac / ctr: key */ unsigned char *C; unsigned char *Cbuf; /* Number of RNG requests since last reseed -- 10.1.1.1 1c) */ size_t reseed_ctr; size_t reseed_threshold; /* some memory the DRBG can use for its operation */ unsigned char *scratchpad; unsigned char *scratchpadbuf; void *priv_data; /* Cipher handle */ struct crypto_skcipher *ctr_handle; /* CTR mode cipher handle */ struct skcipher_request *ctr_req; /* CTR mode request handle */ __u8 *outscratchpadbuf; /* CTR mode output scratchpad */ __u8 *outscratchpad; /* CTR mode aligned outbuf */ struct crypto_wait ctr_wait; /* CTR mode async wait obj */ struct scatterlist sg_in, sg_out; /* CTR mode SGLs */ bool seeded; /* DRBG fully seeded? */ bool pr; /* Prediction resistance enabled? */ bool fips_primed; /* Continuous test primed? */ unsigned char *prev; /* FIPS 140-2 continuous test value */ struct work_struct seed_work; /* asynchronous seeding support */ struct crypto_rng *jent; const struct drbg_state_ops *d_ops; const struct drbg_core *core; struct drbg_string test_data; struct random_ready_callback random_ready; }; static inline __u8 drbg_statelen(struct drbg_state *drbg) { if (drbg && drbg->core) return drbg->core->statelen; return 0; } static inline __u8 drbg_blocklen(struct drbg_state *drbg) { if (drbg && drbg->core) return drbg->core->blocklen_bytes; return 0; } static inline __u8 drbg_keylen(struct drbg_state *drbg) { if (drbg && drbg->core) return (drbg->core->statelen - drbg->core->blocklen_bytes); return 0; } static inline size_t drbg_max_request_bytes(struct drbg_state *drbg) { /* SP800-90A requires the limit 2**19 bits, but we return bytes */ return (1 << 16); } static inline size_t drbg_max_addtl(struct drbg_state *drbg) { /* SP800-90A requires 2**35 bytes additional info str / pers str */ #if (__BITS_PER_LONG == 32) /* * SP800-90A allows smaller maximum numbers to be returned -- we * return SIZE_MAX - 1 to allow the verification of the enforcement * of this value in drbg_healthcheck_sanity. */ return (SIZE_MAX - 1); #else return (1UL<<35); #endif } static inline size_t drbg_max_requests(struct drbg_state *drbg) { /* SP800-90A requires 2**48 maximum requests before reseeding */ return (1<<20); } /* * This is a wrapper to the kernel crypto API function of * crypto_rng_generate() to allow the caller to provide additional data. * * @drng DRBG handle -- see crypto_rng_get_bytes * @outbuf output buffer -- see crypto_rng_get_bytes * @outlen length of output buffer -- see crypto_rng_get_bytes * @addtl_input additional information string input buffer * @addtllen length of additional information string buffer * * return * see crypto_rng_get_bytes */ static inline int crypto_drbg_get_bytes_addtl(struct crypto_rng *drng, unsigned char *outbuf, unsigned int outlen, struct drbg_string *addtl) { return crypto_rng_generate(drng, addtl->buf, addtl->len, outbuf, outlen); } /* * TEST code * * This is a wrapper to the kernel crypto API function of * crypto_rng_generate() to allow the caller to provide additional data and * allow furnishing of test_data * * @drng DRBG handle -- see crypto_rng_get_bytes * @outbuf output buffer -- see crypto_rng_get_bytes * @outlen length of output buffer -- see crypto_rng_get_bytes * @addtl_input additional information string input buffer * @addtllen length of additional information string buffer * @test_data filled test data * * return * see crypto_rng_get_bytes */ static inline int crypto_drbg_get_bytes_addtl_test(struct crypto_rng *drng, unsigned char *outbuf, unsigned int outlen, struct drbg_string *addtl, struct drbg_test_data *test_data) { crypto_rng_set_entropy(drng, test_data->testentropy->buf, test_data->testentropy->len); return crypto_rng_generate(drng, addtl->buf, addtl->len, outbuf, outlen); } /* * TEST code * * This is a wrapper to the kernel crypto API function of * crypto_rng_reset() to allow the caller to provide test_data * * @drng DRBG handle -- see crypto_rng_reset * @pers personalization string input buffer * @perslen length of additional information string buffer * @test_data filled test data * * return * see crypto_rng_reset */ static inline int crypto_drbg_reset_test(struct crypto_rng *drng, struct drbg_string *pers, struct drbg_test_data *test_data) { crypto_rng_set_entropy(drng, test_data->testentropy->buf, test_data->testentropy->len); return crypto_rng_reset(drng, pers->buf, pers->len); } /* DRBG type flags */ #define DRBG_CTR ((drbg_flag_t)1<<0) #define DRBG_HMAC ((drbg_flag_t)1<<1) #define DRBG_HASH ((drbg_flag_t)1<<2) #define DRBG_TYPE_MASK (DRBG_CTR | DRBG_HMAC | DRBG_HASH) /* DRBG strength flags */ #define DRBG_STRENGTH128 ((drbg_flag_t)1<<3) #define DRBG_STRENGTH192 ((drbg_flag_t)1<<4) #define DRBG_STRENGTH256 ((drbg_flag_t)1<<5) #define DRBG_STRENGTH_MASK (DRBG_STRENGTH128 | DRBG_STRENGTH192 | \ DRBG_STRENGTH256) enum drbg_prefixes { DRBG_PREFIX0 = 0x00, DRBG_PREFIX1, DRBG_PREFIX2, DRBG_PREFIX3 }; #endif /* _DRBG_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SEQ_FILE_H #define _LINUX_SEQ_FILE_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <linux/nodemask.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/cred.h> struct seq_operations; struct seq_file { char *buf; size_t size; size_t from; size_t count; size_t pad_until; loff_t index; loff_t read_pos; struct mutex lock; const struct seq_operations *op; int poll_event; const struct file *file; void *private; }; struct seq_operations { void * (*start) (struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos); void (*stop) (struct seq_file *m, void *v); void * (*next) (struct seq_file *m, void *v, loff_t *pos); int (*show) (struct seq_file *m, void *v); }; #define SEQ_SKIP 1 /** * seq_has_overflowed - check if the buffer has overflowed * @m: the seq_file handle * * seq_files have a buffer which may overflow. When this happens a larger * buffer is reallocated and all the data will be printed again. * The overflow state is true when m->count == m->size. * * Returns true if the buffer received more than it can hold. */ static inline bool seq_has_overflowed(struct seq_file *m) { return m->count == m->size; } /** * seq_get_buf - get buffer to write arbitrary data to * @m: the seq_file handle * @bufp: the beginning of the buffer is stored here * * Return the number of bytes available in the buffer, or zero if * there's no space. */ static inline size_t seq_get_buf(struct seq_file *m, char **bufp) { BUG_ON(m->count > m->size); if (m->count < m->size) *bufp = m->buf + m->count; else *bufp = NULL; return m->size - m->count; } /** * seq_commit - commit data to the buffer * @m: the seq_file handle * @num: the number of bytes to commit * * Commit @num bytes of data written to a buffer previously acquired * by seq_buf_get. To signal an error condition, or that the data * didn't fit in the available space, pass a negative @num value. */ static inline void seq_commit(struct seq_file *m, int num) { if (num < 0) { m->count = m->size; } else { BUG_ON(m->count + num > m->size); m->count += num; } } /** * seq_setwidth - set padding width * @m: the seq_file handle * @size: the max number of bytes to pad. * * Call seq_setwidth() for setting max width, then call seq_printf() etc. and * finally call seq_pad() to pad the remaining bytes. */ static inline void seq_setwidth(struct seq_file *m, size_t size) { m->pad_until = m->count + size; } void seq_pad(struct seq_file *m, char c); char *mangle_path(char *s, const char *p, const char *esc); int seq_open(struct file *, const struct seq_operations *); ssize_t seq_read(struct file *, char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); ssize_t seq_read_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter); loff_t seq_lseek(struct file *, loff_t, int); int seq_release(struct inode *, struct file *); int seq_write(struct seq_file *seq, const void *data, size_t len); __printf(2, 0) void seq_vprintf(struct seq_file *m, const char *fmt, va_list args); __printf(2, 3) void seq_printf(struct seq_file *m, const char *fmt, ...); void seq_putc(struct seq_file *m, char c); void seq_puts(struct seq_file *m, const char *s); void seq_put_decimal_ull_width(struct seq_file *m, const char *delimiter, unsigned long long num, unsigned int width); void seq_put_decimal_ull(struct seq_file *m, const char *delimiter, unsigned long long num); void seq_put_decimal_ll(struct seq_file *m, const char *delimiter, long long num); void seq_put_hex_ll(struct seq_file *m, const char *delimiter, unsigned long long v, unsigned int width); void seq_escape(struct seq_file *m, const char *s, const char *esc); void seq_escape_mem_ascii(struct seq_file *m, const char *src, size_t isz); void seq_hex_dump(struct seq_file *m, const char *prefix_str, int prefix_type, int rowsize, int groupsize, const void *buf, size_t len, bool ascii); int seq_path(struct seq_file *, const struct path *, const char *); int seq_file_path(struct seq_file *, struct file *, const char *); int seq_dentry(struct seq_file *, struct dentry *, const char *); int seq_path_root(struct seq_file *m, const struct path *path, const struct path *root, const char *esc); int single_open(struct file *, int (*)(struct seq_file *, void *), void *); int single_open_size(struct file *, int (*)(struct seq_file *, void *), void *, size_t); int single_release(struct inode *, struct file *); void *__seq_open_private(struct file *, const struct seq_operations *, int); int seq_open_private(struct file *, const struct seq_operations *, int); int seq_release_private(struct inode *, struct file *); #define DEFINE_SEQ_ATTRIBUTE(__name) \ static int __name ## _open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) \ { \ int ret = seq_open(file, &__name ## _sops); \ if (!ret && inode->i_private) { \ struct seq_file *seq_f = file->private_data; \ seq_f->private = inode->i_private; \ } \ return ret; \ } \ \ static const struct file_operations __name ## _fops = { \ .owner = THIS_MODULE, \ .open = __name ## _open, \ .read = seq_read, \ .llseek = seq_lseek, \ .release = seq_release, \ } #define DEFINE_SHOW_ATTRIBUTE(__name) \ static int __name ## _open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) \ { \ return single_open(file, __name ## _show, inode->i_private); \ } \ \ static const struct file_operations __name ## _fops = { \ .owner = THIS_MODULE, \ .open = __name ## _open, \ .read = seq_read, \ .llseek = seq_lseek, \ .release = single_release, \ } #define DEFINE_PROC_SHOW_ATTRIBUTE(__name) \ static int __name ## _open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) \ { \ return single_open(file, __name ## _show, PDE_DATA(inode)); \ } \ \ static const struct proc_ops __name ## _proc_ops = { \ .proc_open = __name ## _open, \ .proc_read = seq_read, \ .proc_lseek = seq_lseek, \ .proc_release = single_release, \ } static inline struct user_namespace *seq_user_ns(struct seq_file *seq) { #ifdef CONFIG_USER_NS return seq->file->f_cred->user_ns; #else extern struct user_namespace init_user_ns; return &init_user_ns; #endif } /** * seq_show_options - display mount options with appropriate escapes. * @m: the seq_file handle * @name: the mount option name * @value: the mount option name's value, can be NULL */ static inline void seq_show_option(struct seq_file *m, const char *name, const char *value) { seq_putc(m, ','); seq_escape(m, name, ",= \t\n\\"); if (value) { seq_putc(m, '='); seq_escape(m, value, ", \t\n\\"); } } /** * seq_show_option_n - display mount options with appropriate escapes * where @value must be a specific length. * @m: the seq_file handle * @name: the mount option name * @value: the mount option name's value, cannot be NULL * @length: the length of @value to display * * This is a macro since this uses "length" to define the size of the * stack buffer. */ #define seq_show_option_n(m, name, value, length) { \ char val_buf[length + 1]; \ strncpy(val_buf, value, length); \ val_buf[length] = '\0'; \ seq_show_option(m, name, val_buf); \ } #define SEQ_START_TOKEN ((void *)1) /* * Helpers for iteration over list_head-s in seq_files */ extern struct list_head *seq_list_start(struct list_head *head, loff_t pos); extern struct list_head *seq_list_start_head(struct list_head *head, loff_t pos); extern struct list_head *seq_list_next(void *v, struct list_head *head, loff_t *ppos); /* * Helpers for iteration over hlist_head-s in seq_files */ extern struct hlist_node *seq_hlist_start(struct hlist_head *head, loff_t pos); extern struct hlist_node *seq_hlist_start_head(struct hlist_head *head, loff_t pos); extern struct hlist_node *seq_hlist_next(void *v, struct hlist_head *head, loff_t *ppos); extern struct hlist_node *seq_hlist_start_rcu(struct hlist_head *head, loff_t pos); extern struct hlist_node *seq_hlist_start_head_rcu(struct hlist_head *head, loff_t pos); extern struct hlist_node *seq_hlist_next_rcu(void *v, struct hlist_head *head, loff_t *ppos); /* Helpers for iterating over per-cpu hlist_head-s in seq_files */ extern struct hlist_node *seq_hlist_start_percpu(struct hlist_head __percpu *head, int *cpu, loff_t pos); extern struct hlist_node *seq_hlist_next_percpu(void *v, struct hlist_head __percpu *head, int *cpu, loff_t *pos); void seq_file_init(void); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* Rewritten and vastly simplified by Rusty Russell for in-kernel * module loader: * Copyright 2002 Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> IBM Corporation */ #ifndef _LINUX_KALLSYMS_H #define _LINUX_KALLSYMS_H #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <asm/sections.h> #define KSYM_NAME_LEN 128 #define KSYM_SYMBOL_LEN (sizeof("%s+%#lx/%#lx [%s]") + (KSYM_NAME_LEN - 1) + \ 2*(BITS_PER_LONG*3/10) + (MODULE_NAME_LEN - 1) + 1) struct cred; struct module; static inline int is_kernel_inittext(unsigned long addr) { if (addr >= (unsigned long)_sinittext && addr <= (unsigned long)_einittext) return 1; return 0; } static inline int is_kernel_text(unsigned long addr) { if ((addr >= (unsigned long)_stext && addr <= (unsigned long)_etext) || arch_is_kernel_text(addr)) return 1; return in_gate_area_no_mm(addr); } static inline int is_kernel(unsigned long addr) { if (addr >= (unsigned long)_stext && addr <= (unsigned long)_end) return 1; return in_gate_area_no_mm(addr); } static inline int is_ksym_addr(unsigned long addr) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KALLSYMS_ALL)) return is_kernel(addr); return is_kernel_text(addr) || is_kernel_inittext(addr); } static inline void *dereference_symbol_descriptor(void *ptr) { #ifdef HAVE_DEREFERENCE_FUNCTION_DESCRIPTOR struct module *mod; ptr = dereference_kernel_function_descriptor(ptr); if (is_ksym_addr((unsigned long)ptr)) return ptr; preempt_disable(); mod = __module_address((unsigned long)ptr); preempt_enable(); if (mod) ptr = dereference_module_function_descriptor(mod, ptr); #endif return ptr; } #ifdef CONFIG_KALLSYMS /* Lookup the address for a symbol. Returns 0 if not found. */ unsigned long kallsyms_lookup_name(const char *name); /* Call a function on each kallsyms symbol in the core kernel */ int kallsyms_on_each_symbol(int (*fn)(void *, const char *, struct module *, unsigned long), void *data); extern int kallsyms_lookup_size_offset(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *symbolsize, unsigned long *offset); /* Lookup an address. modname is set to NULL if it's in the kernel. */ const char *kallsyms_lookup(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *symbolsize, unsigned long *offset, char **modname, char *namebuf); /* Look up a kernel symbol and return it in a text buffer. */ extern int sprint_symbol(char *buffer, unsigned long address); extern int sprint_symbol_no_offset(char *buffer, unsigned long address); extern int sprint_backtrace(char *buffer, unsigned long address); int lookup_symbol_name(unsigned long addr, char *symname); int lookup_symbol_attrs(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *size, unsigned long *offset, char *modname, char *name); /* How and when do we show kallsyms values? */ extern bool kallsyms_show_value(const struct cred *cred); #else /* !CONFIG_KALLSYMS */ static inline unsigned long kallsyms_lookup_name(const char *name) { return 0; } static inline int kallsyms_on_each_symbol(int (*fn)(void *, const char *, struct module *, unsigned long), void *data) { return 0; } static inline int kallsyms_lookup_size_offset(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *symbolsize, unsigned long *offset) { return 0; } static inline const char *kallsyms_lookup(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *symbolsize, unsigned long *offset, char **modname, char *namebuf) { return NULL; } static inline int sprint_symbol(char *buffer, unsigned long addr) { *buffer = '\0'; return 0; } static inline int sprint_symbol_no_offset(char *buffer, unsigned long addr) { *buffer = '\0'; return 0; } static inline int sprint_backtrace(char *buffer, unsigned long addr) { *buffer = '\0'; return 0; } static inline int lookup_symbol_name(unsigned long addr, char *symname) { return -ERANGE; } static inline int lookup_symbol_attrs(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *size, unsigned long *offset, char *modname, char *name) { return -ERANGE; } static inline bool kallsyms_show_value(const struct cred *cred) { return false; } #endif /*CONFIG_KALLSYMS*/ static inline void print_ip_sym(const char *loglvl, unsigned long ip) { printk("%s[<%px>] %pS\n", loglvl, (void *) ip, (void *) ip); } #endif /*_LINUX_KALLSYMS_H*/
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+ */ /* * Sleepable Read-Copy Update mechanism for mutual exclusion * * Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2006 * Copyright (C) Fujitsu, 2012 * * Author: Paul McKenney <paulmck@linux.ibm.com> * Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com> * * For detailed explanation of Read-Copy Update mechanism see - * Documentation/RCU/ *.txt * */ #ifndef _LINUX_SRCU_H #define _LINUX_SRCU_H #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/rcu_segcblist.h> struct srcu_struct; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC int __init_srcu_struct(struct srcu_struct *ssp, const char *name, struct lock_class_key *key); #define init_srcu_struct(ssp) \ ({ \ static struct lock_class_key __srcu_key; \ \ __init_srcu_struct((ssp), #ssp, &__srcu_key); \ }) #define __SRCU_DEP_MAP_INIT(srcu_name) .dep_map = { .name = #srcu_name }, #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC */ int init_srcu_struct(struct srcu_struct *ssp); #define __SRCU_DEP_MAP_INIT(srcu_name) #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC */ #ifdef CONFIG_TINY_SRCU #include <linux/srcutiny.h> #elif defined(CONFIG_TREE_SRCU) #include <linux/srcutree.h> #elif defined(CONFIG_SRCU) #error "Unknown SRCU implementation specified to kernel configuration" #else /* Dummy definition for things like notifiers. Actual use gets link error. */ struct srcu_struct { }; #endif void call_srcu(struct srcu_struct *ssp, struct rcu_head *head, void (*func)(struct rcu_head *head)); void cleanup_srcu_struct(struct srcu_struct *ssp); int __srcu_read_lock(struct srcu_struct *ssp) __acquires(ssp); void __srcu_read_unlock(struct srcu_struct *ssp, int idx) __releases(ssp); void synchronize_srcu(struct srcu_struct *ssp); unsigned long get_state_synchronize_srcu(struct srcu_struct *ssp); unsigned long start_poll_synchronize_srcu(struct srcu_struct *ssp); bool poll_state_synchronize_srcu(struct srcu_struct *ssp, unsigned long cookie); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC /** * srcu_read_lock_held - might we be in SRCU read-side critical section? * @ssp: The srcu_struct structure to check * * If CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC is selected, returns nonzero iff in an SRCU * read-side critical section. In absence of CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC, * this assumes we are in an SRCU read-side critical section unless it can * prove otherwise. * * Checks debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled() to prevent false positives during boot * and while lockdep is disabled. * * Note that SRCU is based on its own statemachine and it doesn't * relies on normal RCU, it can be called from the CPU which * is in the idle loop from an RCU point of view or offline. */ static inline int srcu_read_lock_held(const struct srcu_struct *ssp) { if (!debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled()) return 1; return lock_is_held(&ssp->dep_map); } #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC */ static inline int srcu_read_lock_held(const struct srcu_struct *ssp) { return 1; } #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC */ /** * srcu_dereference_check - fetch SRCU-protected pointer for later dereferencing * @p: the pointer to fetch and protect for later dereferencing * @ssp: pointer to the srcu_struct, which is used to check that we * really are in an SRCU read-side critical section. * @c: condition to check for update-side use * * If PROVE_RCU is enabled, invoking this outside of an RCU read-side * critical section will result in an RCU-lockdep splat, unless @c evaluates * to 1. The @c argument will normally be a logical expression containing * lockdep_is_held() calls. */ #define srcu_dereference_check(p, ssp, c) \ __rcu_dereference_check((p), (c) || srcu_read_lock_held(ssp), __rcu) /** * srcu_dereference - fetch SRCU-protected pointer for later dereferencing * @p: the pointer to fetch and protect for later dereferencing * @ssp: pointer to the srcu_struct, which is used to check that we * really are in an SRCU read-side critical section. * * Makes rcu_dereference_check() do the dirty work. If PROVE_RCU * is enabled, invoking this outside of an RCU read-side critical * section will result in an RCU-lockdep splat. */ #define srcu_dereference(p, ssp) srcu_dereference_check((p), (ssp), 0) /** * srcu_dereference_notrace - no tracing and no lockdep calls from here * @p: the pointer to fetch and protect for later dereferencing * @ssp: pointer to the srcu_struct, which is used to check that we * really are in an SRCU read-side critical section. */ #define srcu_dereference_notrace(p, ssp) srcu_dereference_check((p), (ssp), 1) /** * srcu_read_lock - register a new reader for an SRCU-protected structure. * @ssp: srcu_struct in which to register the new reader. * * Enter an SRCU read-side critical section. Note that SRCU read-side * critical sections may be nested. However, it is illegal to * call anything that waits on an SRCU grace period for the same * srcu_struct, whether directly or indirectly. Please note that * one way to indirectly wait on an SRCU grace period is to acquire * a mutex that is held elsewhere while calling synchronize_srcu() or * synchronize_srcu_expedited(). * * Note that srcu_read_lock() and the matching srcu_read_unlock() must * occur in the same context, for example, it is illegal to invoke * srcu_read_unlock() in an irq handler if the matching srcu_read_lock() * was invoked in process context. */ static inline int srcu_read_lock(struct srcu_struct *ssp) __acquires(ssp) { int retval; retval = __srcu_read_lock(ssp); rcu_lock_acquire(&(ssp)->dep_map); return retval; } /* Used by tracing, cannot be traced and cannot invoke lockdep. */ static inline notrace int srcu_read_lock_notrace(struct srcu_struct *ssp) __acquires(ssp) { int retval; retval = __srcu_read_lock(ssp); return retval; } /** * srcu_read_unlock - unregister a old reader from an SRCU-protected structure. * @ssp: srcu_struct in which to unregister the old reader. * @idx: return value from corresponding srcu_read_lock(). * * Exit an SRCU read-side critical section. */ static inline void srcu_read_unlock(struct srcu_struct *ssp, int idx) __releases(ssp) { WARN_ON_ONCE(idx & ~0x1); rcu_lock_release(&(ssp)->dep_map); __srcu_read_unlock(ssp, idx); } /* Used by tracing, cannot be traced and cannot call lockdep. */ static inline notrace void srcu_read_unlock_notrace(struct srcu_struct *ssp, int idx) __releases(ssp) { __srcu_read_unlock(ssp, idx); } /** * smp_mb__after_srcu_read_unlock - ensure full ordering after srcu_read_unlock * * Converts the preceding srcu_read_unlock into a two-way memory barrier. * * Call this after srcu_read_unlock, to guarantee that all memory operations * that occur after smp_mb__after_srcu_read_unlock will appear to happen after * the preceding srcu_read_unlock. */ static inline void smp_mb__after_srcu_read_unlock(void) { /* __srcu_read_unlock has smp_mb() internally so nothing to do here. */ } #endif
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __NET_NS_HASH_H__ #define __NET_NS_HASH_H__ #include <net/net_namespace.h> static inline u32 net_hash_mix(const struct net *net) { return net->hash_mix; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * A security identifier table (sidtab) is a lookup table * of security context structures indexed by SID value. * * Original author: Stephen Smalley, <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> * Author: Ondrej Mosnacek, <omosnacek@gmail.com> * * Copyright (C) 2018 Red Hat, Inc. */ #ifndef _SS_SIDTAB_H_ #define _SS_SIDTAB_H_ #include <linux/spinlock_types.h> #include <linux/log2.h> #include <linux/hashtable.h> #include "context.h" struct sidtab_entry { u32 sid; u32 hash; struct context context; #if CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_SID2STR_CACHE_SIZE > 0 struct sidtab_str_cache __rcu *cache; #endif struct hlist_node list; }; union sidtab_entry_inner { struct sidtab_node_inner *ptr_inner; struct sidtab_node_leaf *ptr_leaf; }; /* align node size to page boundary */ #define SIDTAB_NODE_ALLOC_SHIFT PAGE_SHIFT #define SIDTAB_NODE_ALLOC_SIZE PAGE_SIZE #define size_to_shift(size) ((size) == 1 ? 1 : (const_ilog2((size) - 1) + 1)) #define SIDTAB_INNER_SHIFT \ (SIDTAB_NODE_ALLOC_SHIFT - size_to_shift(sizeof(union sidtab_entry_inner))) #define SIDTAB_INNER_ENTRIES ((size_t)1 << SIDTAB_INNER_SHIFT) #define SIDTAB_LEAF_ENTRIES \ (SIDTAB_NODE_ALLOC_SIZE / sizeof(struct sidtab_entry)) #define SIDTAB_MAX_BITS 32 #define SIDTAB_MAX U32_MAX /* ensure enough tree levels for SIDTAB_MAX entries */ #define SIDTAB_MAX_LEVEL \ DIV_ROUND_UP(SIDTAB_MAX_BITS - size_to_shift(SIDTAB_LEAF_ENTRIES), \ SIDTAB_INNER_SHIFT) struct sidtab_node_leaf { struct sidtab_entry entries[SIDTAB_LEAF_ENTRIES]; }; struct sidtab_node_inner { union sidtab_entry_inner entries[SIDTAB_INNER_ENTRIES]; }; struct sidtab_isid_entry { int set; struct sidtab_entry entry; }; struct sidtab_convert_params { int (*func)(struct context *oldc, struct context *newc, void *args); void *args; struct sidtab *target; }; #define SIDTAB_HASH_BITS CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_SIDTAB_HASH_BITS #define SIDTAB_HASH_BUCKETS (1 << SIDTAB_HASH_BITS) struct sidtab { /* * lock-free read access only for as many items as a prior read of * 'count' */ union sidtab_entry_inner roots[SIDTAB_MAX_LEVEL + 1]; /* * access atomically via {READ|WRITE}_ONCE(); only increment under * spinlock */ u32 count; /* access only under spinlock */ struct sidtab_convert_params *convert; bool frozen; spinlock_t lock; #if CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_SID2STR_CACHE_SIZE > 0 /* SID -> context string cache */ u32 cache_free_slots; struct list_head cache_lru_list; spinlock_t cache_lock; #endif /* index == SID - 1 (no entry for SECSID_NULL) */ struct sidtab_isid_entry isids[SECINITSID_NUM]; /* Hash table for fast reverse context-to-sid lookups. */ DECLARE_HASHTABLE(context_to_sid, SIDTAB_HASH_BITS); }; int sidtab_init(struct sidtab *s); int sidtab_set_initial(struct sidtab *s, u32 sid, struct context *context); struct sidtab_entry *sidtab_search_entry(struct sidtab *s, u32 sid); struct sidtab_entry *sidtab_search_entry_force(struct sidtab *s, u32 sid); static inline struct context *sidtab_search(struct sidtab *s, u32 sid) { struct sidtab_entry *entry = sidtab_search_entry(s, sid); return entry ? &entry->context : NULL; } static inline struct context *sidtab_search_force(struct sidtab *s, u32 sid) { struct sidtab_entry *entry = sidtab_search_entry_force(s, sid); return entry ? &entry->context : NULL; } int sidtab_convert(struct sidtab *s, struct sidtab_convert_params *params); void sidtab_cancel_convert(struct sidtab *s); void sidtab_freeze_begin(struct sidtab *s, unsigned long *flags) __acquires(&s->lock); void sidtab_freeze_end(struct sidtab *s, unsigned long *flags) __releases(&s->lock); int sidtab_context_to_sid(struct sidtab *s, struct context *context, u32 *sid); void sidtab_destroy(struct sidtab *s); int sidtab_hash_stats(struct sidtab *sidtab, char *page); #if CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_SID2STR_CACHE_SIZE > 0 void sidtab_sid2str_put(struct sidtab *s, struct sidtab_entry *entry, const char *str, u32 str_len); int sidtab_sid2str_get(struct sidtab *s, struct sidtab_entry *entry, char **out, u32 *out_len); #else static inline void sidtab_sid2str_put(struct sidtab *s, struct sidtab_entry *entry, const char *str, u32 str_len) { } static inline int sidtab_sid2str_get(struct sidtab *s, struct sidtab_entry *entry, char **out, u32 *out_len) { return -ENOENT; } #endif /* CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_SID2STR_CACHE_SIZE > 0 */ #endif /* _SS_SIDTAB_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_SIGNAL_H #define _LINUX_SCHED_SIGNAL_H #include <linux/rculist.h> #include <linux/signal.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/jobctl.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/cred.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/posix-timers.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <asm/ptrace.h> /* * Types defining task->signal and task->sighand and APIs using them: */ struct sighand_struct { spinlock_t siglock; refcount_t count; wait_queue_head_t signalfd_wqh; struct k_sigaction action[_NSIG]; }; /* * Per-process accounting stats: */ struct pacct_struct { int ac_flag; long ac_exitcode; unsigned long ac_mem; u64 ac_utime, ac_stime; unsigned long ac_minflt, ac_majflt; }; struct cpu_itimer { u64 expires; u64 incr; }; /* * This is the atomic variant of task_cputime, which can be used for * storing and updating task_cputime statistics without locking. */ struct task_cputime_atomic { atomic64_t utime; atomic64_t stime; atomic64_t sum_exec_runtime; }; #define INIT_CPUTIME_ATOMIC \ (struct task_cputime_atomic) { \ .utime = ATOMIC64_INIT(0), \ .stime = ATOMIC64_INIT(0), \ .sum_exec_runtime = ATOMIC64_INIT(0), \ } /** * struct thread_group_cputimer - thread group interval timer counts * @cputime_atomic: atomic thread group interval timers. * * This structure contains the version of task_cputime, above, that is * used for thread group CPU timer calculations. */ struct thread_group_cputimer { struct task_cputime_atomic cputime_atomic; }; struct multiprocess_signals { sigset_t signal; struct hlist_node node; }; /* * NOTE! "signal_struct" does not have its own * locking, because a shared signal_struct always * implies a shared sighand_struct, so locking * sighand_struct is always a proper superset of * the locking of signal_struct. */ struct signal_struct { refcount_t sigcnt; atomic_t live; int nr_threads; struct list_head thread_head; wait_queue_head_t wait_chldexit; /* for wait4() */ /* current thread group signal load-balancing target: */ struct task_struct *curr_target; /* shared signal handling: */ struct sigpending shared_pending; /* For collecting multiprocess signals during fork */ struct hlist_head multiprocess; /* thread group exit support */ int group_exit_code; /* overloaded: * - notify group_exit_task when ->count is equal to notify_count * - everyone except group_exit_task is stopped during signal delivery * of fatal signals, group_exit_task processes the signal. */ int notify_count; struct task_struct *group_exit_task; /* thread group stop support, overloads group_exit_code too */ int group_stop_count; unsigned int flags; /* see SIGNAL_* flags below */ /* * PR_SET_CHILD_SUBREAPER marks a process, like a service * manager, to re-parent orphan (double-forking) child processes * to this process instead of 'init'. The service manager is * able to receive SIGCHLD signals and is able to investigate * the process until it calls wait(). All children of this * process will inherit a flag if they should look for a * child_subreaper process at exit. */ unsigned int is_child_subreaper:1; unsigned int has_child_subreaper:1; #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS /* POSIX.1b Interval Timers */ int posix_timer_id; struct list_head posix_timers; /* ITIMER_REAL timer for the process */ struct hrtimer real_timer; ktime_t it_real_incr; /* * ITIMER_PROF and ITIMER_VIRTUAL timers for the process, we use * CPUCLOCK_PROF and CPUCLOCK_VIRT for indexing array as these * values are defined to 0 and 1 respectively */ struct cpu_itimer it[2]; /* * Thread group totals for process CPU timers. * See thread_group_cputimer(), et al, for details. */ struct thread_group_cputimer cputimer; #endif /* Empty if CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS=n */ struct posix_cputimers posix_cputimers; /* PID/PID hash table linkage. */ struct pid *pids[PIDTYPE_MAX]; #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL atomic_t tick_dep_mask; #endif struct pid *tty_old_pgrp; /* boolean value for session group leader */ int leader; struct tty_struct *tty; /* NULL if no tty */ #ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_AUTOGROUP struct autogroup *autogroup; #endif /* * Cumulative resource counters for dead threads in the group, * and for reaped dead child processes forked by this group. * Live threads maintain their own counters and add to these * in __exit_signal, except for the group leader. */ seqlock_t stats_lock; u64 utime, stime, cutime, cstime; u64 gtime; u64 cgtime; struct prev_cputime prev_cputime; unsigned long nvcsw, nivcsw, cnvcsw, cnivcsw; unsigned long min_flt, maj_flt, cmin_flt, cmaj_flt; unsigned long inblock, oublock, cinblock, coublock; unsigned long maxrss, cmaxrss; struct task_io_accounting ioac; /* * Cumulative ns of schedule CPU time fo dead threads in the * group, not including a zombie group leader, (This only differs * from jiffies_to_ns(utime + stime) if sched_clock uses something * other than jiffies.) */ unsigned long long sum_sched_runtime; /* * We don't bother to synchronize most readers of this at all, * because there is no reader checking a limit that actually needs * to get both rlim_cur and rlim_max atomically, and either one * alone is a single word that can safely be read normally. * getrlimit/setrlimit use task_lock(current->group_leader) to * protect this instead of the siglock, because they really * have no need to disable irqs. */ struct rlimit rlim[RLIM_NLIMITS]; #ifdef CONFIG_BSD_PROCESS_ACCT struct pacct_struct pacct; /* per-process accounting information */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TASKSTATS struct taskstats *stats; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_AUDIT unsigned audit_tty; struct tty_audit_buf *tty_audit_buf; #endif /* * Thread is the potential origin of an oom condition; kill first on * oom */ bool oom_flag_origin; short oom_score_adj; /* OOM kill score adjustment */ short oom_score_adj_min; /* OOM kill score adjustment min value. * Only settable by CAP_SYS_RESOURCE. */ struct mm_struct *oom_mm; /* recorded mm when the thread group got * killed by the oom killer */ struct mutex cred_guard_mutex; /* guard against foreign influences on * credential calculations * (notably. ptrace) * Deprecated do not use in new code. * Use exec_update_lock instead. */ struct rw_semaphore exec_update_lock; /* Held while task_struct is * being updated during exec, * and may have inconsistent * permissions. */ } __randomize_layout; /* * Bits in flags field of signal_struct. */ #define SIGNAL_STOP_STOPPED 0x00000001 /* job control stop in effect */ #define SIGNAL_STOP_CONTINUED 0x00000002 /* SIGCONT since WCONTINUED reap */ #define SIGNAL_GROUP_EXIT 0x00000004 /* group exit in progress */ #define SIGNAL_GROUP_COREDUMP 0x00000008 /* coredump in progress */ /* * Pending notifications to parent. */ #define SIGNAL_CLD_STOPPED 0x00000010 #define SIGNAL_CLD_CONTINUED 0x00000020 #define SIGNAL_CLD_MASK (SIGNAL_CLD_STOPPED|SIGNAL_CLD_CONTINUED) #define SIGNAL_UNKILLABLE 0x00000040 /* for init: ignore fatal signals */ #define SIGNAL_STOP_MASK (SIGNAL_CLD_MASK | SIGNAL_STOP_STOPPED | \ SIGNAL_STOP_CONTINUED) static inline void signal_set_stop_flags(struct signal_struct *sig, unsigned int flags) { WARN_ON(sig->flags & (SIGNAL_GROUP_EXIT|SIGNAL_GROUP_COREDUMP)); sig->flags = (sig->flags & ~SIGNAL_STOP_MASK) | flags; } /* If true, all threads except ->group_exit_task have pending SIGKILL */ static inline int signal_group_exit(const struct signal_struct *sig) { return (sig->flags & SIGNAL_GROUP_EXIT) || (sig->group_exit_task != NULL); } extern void flush_signals(struct task_struct *); extern void ignore_signals(struct task_struct *); extern void flush_signal_handlers(struct task_struct *, int force_default); extern int dequeue_signal(struct task_struct *task, sigset_t *mask, kernel_siginfo_t *info); static inline int kernel_dequeue_signal(void) { struct task_struct *task = current; kernel_siginfo_t __info; int ret; spin_lock_irq(&task->sighand->siglock); ret = dequeue_signal(task, &task->blocked, &__info); spin_unlock_irq(&task->sighand->siglock); return ret; } static inline void kernel_signal_stop(void) { spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock); if (current->jobctl & JOBCTL_STOP_DEQUEUED) set_special_state(TASK_STOPPED); spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock); schedule(); } #ifdef __ARCH_SI_TRAPNO # define ___ARCH_SI_TRAPNO(_a1) , _a1 #else # define ___ARCH_SI_TRAPNO(_a1) #endif #ifdef __ia64__ # define ___ARCH_SI_IA64(_a1, _a2, _a3) , _a1, _a2, _a3 #else # define ___ARCH_SI_IA64(_a1, _a2, _a3) #endif int force_sig_fault_to_task(int sig, int code, void __user *addr ___ARCH_SI_TRAPNO(int trapno) ___ARCH_SI_IA64(int imm, unsigned int flags, unsigned long isr) , struct task_struct *t); int force_sig_fault(int sig, int code, void __user *addr ___ARCH_SI_TRAPNO(int trapno) ___ARCH_SI_IA64(int imm, unsigned int flags, unsigned long isr)); int send_sig_fault(int sig, int code, void __user *addr ___ARCH_SI_TRAPNO(int trapno) ___ARCH_SI_IA64(int imm, unsigned int flags, unsigned long isr) , struct task_struct *t); int force_sig_mceerr(int code, void __user *, short); int send_sig_mceerr(int code, void __user *, short, struct task_struct *); int force_sig_bnderr(void __user *addr, void __user *lower, void __user *upper); int force_sig_pkuerr(void __user *addr, u32 pkey); int force_sig_ptrace_errno_trap(int errno, void __user *addr); extern int send_sig_info(int, struct kernel_siginfo *, struct task_struct *); extern void force_sigsegv(int sig); extern int force_sig_info(struct kernel_siginfo *); extern int __kill_pgrp_info(int sig, struct kernel_siginfo *info, struct pid *pgrp); extern int kill_pid_info(int sig, struct kernel_siginfo *info, struct pid *pid); extern int kill_pid_usb_asyncio(int sig, int errno, sigval_t addr, struct pid *, const struct cred *); extern int kill_pgrp(struct pid *pid, int sig, int priv); extern int kill_pid(struct pid *pid, int sig, int priv); extern __must_check bool do_notify_parent(struct task_struct *, int); extern void __wake_up_parent(struct task_struct *p, struct task_struct *parent); extern void force_sig(int); extern int send_sig(int, struct task_struct *, int); extern int zap_other_threads(struct task_struct *p); extern struct sigqueue *sigqueue_alloc(void); extern void sigqueue_free(struct sigqueue *); extern int send_sigqueue(struct sigqueue *, struct pid *, enum pid_type); extern int do_sigaction(int, struct k_sigaction *, struct k_sigaction *); static inline int restart_syscall(void) { set_tsk_thread_flag(current, TIF_SIGPENDING); return -ERESTARTNOINTR; } static inline int signal_pending(struct task_struct *p) { return unlikely(test_tsk_thread_flag(p,TIF_SIGPENDING)); } static inline int __fatal_signal_pending(struct task_struct *p) { return unlikely(sigismember(&p->pending.signal, SIGKILL)); } static inline int fatal_signal_pending(struct task_struct *p) { return signal_pending(p) && __fatal_signal_pending(p); } static inline int signal_pending_state(long state, struct task_struct *p) { if (!(state & (TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE | TASK_WAKEKILL))) return 0; if (!signal_pending(p)) return 0; return (state & TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE) || __fatal_signal_pending(p); } /* * This should only be used in fault handlers to decide whether we * should stop the current fault routine to handle the signals * instead, especially with the case where we've got interrupted with * a VM_FAULT_RETRY. */ static inline bool fault_signal_pending(vm_fault_t fault_flags, struct pt_regs *regs) { return unlikely((fault_flags & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && (fatal_signal_pending(current) || (user_mode(regs) && signal_pending(current)))); } /* * Reevaluate whether the task has signals pending delivery. * Wake the task if so. * This is required every time the blocked sigset_t changes. * callers must hold sighand->siglock. */ extern void recalc_sigpending_and_wake(struct task_struct *t); extern void recalc_sigpending(void); extern void calculate_sigpending(void); extern void signal_wake_up_state(struct task_struct *t, unsigned int state); static inline void signal_wake_up(struct task_struct *t, bool resume) { signal_wake_up_state(t, resume ? TASK_WAKEKILL : 0); } static inline void ptrace_signal_wake_up(struct task_struct *t, bool resume) { signal_wake_up_state(t, resume ? __TASK_TRACED : 0); } void task_join_group_stop(struct task_struct *task); #ifdef TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK /* * Legacy restore_sigmask accessors. These are inefficient on * SMP architectures because they require atomic operations. */ /** * set_restore_sigmask() - make sure saved_sigmask processing gets done * * This sets TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK and ensures that the arch signal code * will run before returning to user mode, to process the flag. For * all callers, TIF_SIGPENDING is already set or it's no harm to set * it. TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK need not be in the set of bits that the * arch code will notice on return to user mode, in case those bits * are scarce. We set TIF_SIGPENDING here to ensure that the arch * signal code always gets run when TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK is set. */ static inline void set_restore_sigmask(void) { set_thread_flag(TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK); } static inline void clear_tsk_restore_sigmask(struct task_struct *task) { clear_tsk_thread_flag(task, TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK); } static inline void clear_restore_sigmask(void) { clear_thread_flag(TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK); } static inline bool test_tsk_restore_sigmask(struct task_struct *task) { return test_tsk_thread_flag(task, TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK); } static inline bool test_restore_sigmask(void) { return test_thread_flag(TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK); } static inline bool test_and_clear_restore_sigmask(void) { return test_and_clear_thread_flag(TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK); } #else /* TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK */ /* Higher-quality implementation, used if TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK doesn't exist. */ static inline void set_restore_sigmask(void) { current->restore_sigmask = true; } static inline void clear_tsk_restore_sigmask(struct task_struct *task) { task->restore_sigmask = false; } static inline void clear_restore_sigmask(void) { current->restore_sigmask = false; } static inline bool test_restore_sigmask(void) { return current->restore_sigmask; } static inline bool test_tsk_restore_sigmask(struct task_struct *task) { return task->restore_sigmask; } static inline bool test_and_clear_restore_sigmask(void) { if (!current->restore_sigmask) return false; current->restore_sigmask = false; return true; } #endif static inline void restore_saved_sigmask(void) { if (test_and_clear_restore_sigmask()) __set_current_blocked(&current->saved_sigmask); } extern int set_user_sigmask(const sigset_t __user *umask, size_t sigsetsize); static inline void restore_saved_sigmask_unless(bool interrupted) { if (interrupted) WARN_ON(!test_thread_flag(TIF_SIGPENDING)); else restore_saved_sigmask(); } static inline sigset_t *sigmask_to_save(void) { sigset_t *res = &current->blocked; if (unlikely(test_restore_sigmask())) res = &current->saved_sigmask; return res; } static inline int kill_cad_pid(int sig, int priv) { return kill_pid(cad_pid, sig, priv); } /* These can be the second arg to send_sig_info/send_group_sig_info. */ #define SEND_SIG_NOINFO ((struct kernel_siginfo *) 0) #define SEND_SIG_PRIV ((struct kernel_siginfo *) 1) static inline int __on_sig_stack(unsigned long sp) { #ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP return sp >= current->sas_ss_sp && sp - current->sas_ss_sp < current->sas_ss_size; #else return sp > current->sas_ss_sp && sp - current->sas_ss_sp <= current->sas_ss_size; #endif } /* * True if we are on the alternate signal stack. */ static inline int on_sig_stack(unsigned long sp) { /* * If the signal stack is SS_AUTODISARM then, by construction, we * can't be on the signal stack unless user code deliberately set * SS_AUTODISARM when we were already on it. * * This improves reliability: if user state gets corrupted such that * the stack pointer points very close to the end of the signal stack, * then this check will enable the signal to be handled anyway. */ if (current->sas_ss_flags & SS_AUTODISARM) return 0; return __on_sig_stack(sp); } static inline int sas_ss_flags(unsigned long sp) { if (!current->sas_ss_size) return SS_DISABLE; return on_sig_stack(sp) ? SS_ONSTACK : 0; } static inline void sas_ss_reset(struct task_struct *p) { p->sas_ss_sp = 0; p->sas_ss_size = 0; p->sas_ss_flags = SS_DISABLE; } static inline unsigned long sigsp(unsigned long sp, struct ksignal *ksig) { if (unlikely((ksig->ka.sa.sa_flags & SA_ONSTACK)) && ! sas_ss_flags(sp)) #ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP return current->sas_ss_sp; #else return current->sas_ss_sp + current->sas_ss_size; #endif return sp; } extern void __cleanup_sighand(struct sighand_struct *); extern void flush_itimer_signals(void); #define tasklist_empty() \ list_empty(&init_task.tasks) #define next_task(p) \ list_entry_rcu((p)->tasks.next, struct task_struct, tasks) #define for_each_process(p) \ for (p = &init_task ; (p = next_task(p)) != &init_task ; ) extern bool current_is_single_threaded(void); /* * Careful: do_each_thread/while_each_thread is a double loop so * 'break' will not work as expected - use goto instead. */ #define do_each_thread(g, t) \ for (g = t = &init_task ; (g = t = next_task(g)) != &init_task ; ) do #define while_each_thread(g, t) \ while ((t = next_thread(t)) != g) #define __for_each_thread(signal, t) \ list_for_each_entry_rcu(t, &(signal)->thread_head, thread_node) #define for_each_thread(p, t) \ __for_each_thread((p)->signal, t) /* Careful: this is a double loop, 'break' won't work as expected. */ #define for_each_process_thread(p, t) \ for_each_process(p) for_each_thread(p, t) typedef int (*proc_visitor)(struct task_struct *p, void *data); void walk_process_tree(struct task_struct *top, proc_visitor, void *); static inline struct pid *task_pid_type(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type type) { struct pid *pid; if (type == PIDTYPE_PID) pid = task_pid(task); else pid = task->signal->pids[type]; return pid; } static inline struct pid *task_tgid(struct task_struct *task) { return task->signal->pids[PIDTYPE_TGID]; } /* * Without tasklist or RCU lock it is not safe to dereference * the result of task_pgrp/task_session even if task == current, * we can race with another thread doing sys_setsid/sys_setpgid. */ static inline struct pid *task_pgrp(struct task_struct *task) { return task->signal->pids[PIDTYPE_PGID]; } static inline struct pid *task_session(struct task_struct *task) { return task->signal->pids[PIDTYPE_SID]; } static inline int get_nr_threads(struct task_struct *task) { return task->signal->nr_threads; } static inline bool thread_group_leader(struct task_struct *p) { return p->exit_signal >= 0; } static inline bool same_thread_group(struct task_struct *p1, struct task_struct *p2) { return p1->signal == p2->signal; } static inline struct task_struct *next_thread(const struct task_struct *p) { return list_entry_rcu(p->thread_group.next, struct task_struct, thread_group); } static inline int thread_group_empty(struct task_struct *p) { return list_empty(&p->thread_group); } #define delay_group_leader(p) \ (thread_group_leader(p) && !thread_group_empty(p)) extern bool thread_group_exited(struct pid *pid); extern struct sighand_struct *__lock_task_sighand(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long *flags); static inline struct sighand_struct *lock_task_sighand(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long *flags) { struct sighand_struct *ret; ret = __lock_task_sighand(task, flags); (void)__cond_lock(&task->sighand->siglock, ret); return ret; } static inline void unlock_task_sighand(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long *flags) { spin_unlock_irqrestore(&task->sighand->siglock, *flags); } static inline unsigned long task_rlimit(const struct task_struct *task, unsigned int limit) { return READ_ONCE(task->signal->rlim[limit].rlim_cur); } static inline unsigned long task_rlimit_max(const struct task_struct *task, unsigned int limit) { return READ_ONCE(task->signal->rlim[limit].rlim_max); } static inline unsigned long rlimit(unsigned int limit) { return task_rlimit(current, limit); } static inline unsigned long rlimit_max(unsigned int limit) { return task_rlimit_max(current, limit); } #endif /* _LINUX_SCHED_SIGNAL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_BITOPS_H #define _ASM_X86_BITOPS_H /* * Copyright 1992, Linus Torvalds. * * Note: inlines with more than a single statement should be marked * __always_inline to avoid problems with older gcc's inlining heuristics. */ #ifndef _LINUX_BITOPS_H #error only <linux/bitops.h> can be included directly #endif #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <asm/alternative.h> #include <asm/rmwcc.h> #include <asm/barrier.h> #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 # define _BITOPS_LONG_SHIFT 5 #elif BITS_PER_LONG == 64 # define _BITOPS_LONG_SHIFT 6 #else # error "Unexpected BITS_PER_LONG" #endif #define BIT_64(n) (U64_C(1) << (n)) /* * These have to be done with inline assembly: that way the bit-setting * is guaranteed to be atomic. All bit operations return 0 if the bit * was cleared before the operation and != 0 if it was not. * * bit 0 is the LSB of addr; bit 32 is the LSB of (addr+1). */ #define RLONG_ADDR(x) "m" (*(volatile long *) (x)) #define WBYTE_ADDR(x) "+m" (*(volatile char *) (x)) #define ADDR RLONG_ADDR(addr) /* * We do the locked ops that don't return the old value as * a mask operation on a byte. */ #define CONST_MASK_ADDR(nr, addr) WBYTE_ADDR((void *)(addr) + ((nr)>>3)) #define CONST_MASK(nr) (1 << ((nr) & 7)) static __always_inline void arch_set_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { if (__builtin_constant_p(nr)) { asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "orb %b1,%0" : CONST_MASK_ADDR(nr, addr) : "iq" (CONST_MASK(nr)) : "memory"); } else { asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX __ASM_SIZE(bts) " %1,%0" : : RLONG_ADDR(addr), "Ir" (nr) : "memory"); } } static __always_inline void arch___set_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { asm volatile(__ASM_SIZE(bts) " %1,%0" : : ADDR, "Ir" (nr) : "memory"); } static __always_inline void arch_clear_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { if (__builtin_constant_p(nr)) { asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "andb %b1,%0" : CONST_MASK_ADDR(nr, addr) : "iq" (~CONST_MASK(nr))); } else { asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX __ASM_SIZE(btr) " %1,%0" : : RLONG_ADDR(addr), "Ir" (nr) : "memory"); } } static __always_inline void arch_clear_bit_unlock(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { barrier(); arch_clear_bit(nr, addr); } static __always_inline void arch___clear_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { asm volatile(__ASM_SIZE(btr) " %1,%0" : : ADDR, "Ir" (nr) : "memory"); } static __always_inline bool arch_clear_bit_unlock_is_negative_byte(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { bool negative; asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "andb %2,%1" CC_SET(s) : CC_OUT(s) (negative), WBYTE_ADDR(addr) : "ir" ((char) ~(1 << nr)) : "memory"); return negative; } #define arch_clear_bit_unlock_is_negative_byte \ arch_clear_bit_unlock_is_negative_byte static __always_inline void arch___clear_bit_unlock(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { arch___clear_bit(nr, addr); } static __always_inline void arch___change_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { asm volatile(__ASM_SIZE(btc) " %1,%0" : : ADDR, "Ir" (nr) : "memory"); } static __always_inline void arch_change_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { if (__builtin_constant_p(nr)) { asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "xorb %b1,%0" : CONST_MASK_ADDR(nr, addr) : "iq" (CONST_MASK(nr))); } else { asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX __ASM_SIZE(btc) " %1,%0" : : RLONG_ADDR(addr), "Ir" (nr) : "memory"); } } static __always_inline bool arch_test_and_set_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { return GEN_BINARY_RMWcc(LOCK_PREFIX __ASM_SIZE(bts), *addr, c, "Ir", nr); } static __always_inline bool arch_test_and_set_bit_lock(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { return arch_test_and_set_bit(nr, addr); } static __always_inline bool arch___test_and_set_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { bool oldbit; asm(__ASM_SIZE(bts) " %2,%1" CC_SET(c) : CC_OUT(c) (oldbit) : ADDR, "Ir" (nr) : "memory"); return oldbit; } static __always_inline bool arch_test_and_clear_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { return GEN_BINARY_RMWcc(LOCK_PREFIX __ASM_SIZE(btr), *addr, c, "Ir", nr); } /* * Note: the operation is performed atomically with respect to * the local CPU, but not other CPUs. Portable code should not * rely on this behaviour. * KVM relies on this behaviour on x86 for modifying memory that is also * accessed from a hypervisor on the same CPU if running in a VM: don't change * this without also updating arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c */ static __always_inline bool arch___test_and_clear_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { bool oldbit; asm volatile(__ASM_SIZE(btr) " %2,%1" CC_SET(c) : CC_OUT(c) (oldbit) : ADDR, "Ir" (nr) : "memory"); return oldbit; } static __always_inline bool arch___test_and_change_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { bool oldbit; asm volatile(__ASM_SIZE(btc) " %2,%1" CC_SET(c) : CC_OUT(c) (oldbit) : ADDR, "Ir" (nr) : "memory"); return oldbit; } static __always_inline bool arch_test_and_change_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { return GEN_BINARY_RMWcc(LOCK_PREFIX __ASM_SIZE(btc), *addr, c, "Ir", nr); } static __always_inline bool constant_test_bit(long nr, const volatile unsigned long *addr) { return ((1UL << (nr & (BITS_PER_LONG-1))) & (addr[nr >> _BITOPS_LONG_SHIFT])) != 0; } static __always_inline bool variable_test_bit(long nr, volatile const unsigned long *addr) { bool oldbit; asm volatile(__ASM_SIZE(bt) " %2,%1" CC_SET(c) : CC_OUT(c) (oldbit) : "m" (*(unsigned long *)addr), "Ir" (nr) : "memory"); return oldbit; } #define arch_test_bit(nr, addr) \ (__builtin_constant_p((nr)) \ ? constant_test_bit((nr), (addr)) \ : variable_test_bit((nr), (addr))) /** * __ffs - find first set bit in word * @word: The word to search * * Undefined if no bit exists, so code should check against 0 first. */ static __always_inline unsigned long __ffs(unsigned long word) { asm("rep; bsf %1,%0" : "=r" (word) : "rm" (word)); return word; } /** * ffz - find first zero bit in word * @word: The word to search * * Undefined if no zero exists, so code should check against ~0UL first. */ static __always_inline unsigned long ffz(unsigned long word) { asm("rep; bsf %1,%0" : "=r" (word) : "r" (~word)); return word; } /* * __fls: find last set bit in word * @word: The word to search * * Undefined if no set bit exists, so code should check against 0 first. */ static __always_inline unsigned long __fls(unsigned long word) { asm("bsr %1,%0" : "=r" (word) : "rm" (word)); return word; } #undef ADDR #ifdef __KERNEL__ /** * ffs - find first set bit in word * @x: the word to search * * This is defined the same way as the libc and compiler builtin ffs * routines, therefore differs in spirit from the other bitops. * * ffs(value) returns 0 if value is 0 or the position of the first * set bit if value is nonzero. The first (least significant) bit * is at position 1. */ static __always_inline int ffs(int x) { int r; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 /* * AMD64 says BSFL won't clobber the dest reg if x==0; Intel64 says the * dest reg is undefined if x==0, but their CPU architect says its * value is written to set it to the same as before, except that the * top 32 bits will be cleared. * * We cannot do this on 32 bits because at the very least some * 486 CPUs did not behave this way. */ asm("bsfl %1,%0" : "=r" (r) : "rm" (x), "0" (-1)); #elif defined(CONFIG_X86_CMOV) asm("bsfl %1,%0\n\t" "cmovzl %2,%0" : "=&r" (r) : "rm" (x), "r" (-1)); #else asm("bsfl %1,%0\n\t" "jnz 1f\n\t" "movl $-1,%0\n" "1:" : "=r" (r) : "rm" (x)); #endif return r + 1; } /** * fls - find last set bit in word * @x: the word to search * * This is defined in a similar way as the libc and compiler builtin * ffs, but returns the position of the most significant set bit. * * fls(value) returns 0 if value is 0 or the position of the last * set bit if value is nonzero. The last (most significant) bit is * at position 32. */ static __always_inline int fls(unsigned int x) { int r; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 /* * AMD64 says BSRL won't clobber the dest reg if x==0; Intel64 says the * dest reg is undefined if x==0, but their CPU architect says its * value is written to set it to the same as before, except that the * top 32 bits will be cleared. * * We cannot do this on 32 bits because at the very least some * 486 CPUs did not behave this way. */ asm("bsrl %1,%0" : "=r" (r) : "rm" (x), "0" (-1)); #elif defined(CONFIG_X86_CMOV) asm("bsrl %1,%0\n\t" "cmovzl %2,%0" : "=&r" (r) : "rm" (x), "rm" (-1)); #else asm("bsrl %1,%0\n\t" "jnz 1f\n\t" "movl $-1,%0\n" "1:" : "=r" (r) : "rm" (x)); #endif return r + 1; } /** * fls64 - find last set bit in a 64-bit word * @x: the word to search * * This is defined in a similar way as the libc and compiler builtin * ffsll, but returns the position of the most significant set bit. * * fls64(value) returns 0 if value is 0 or the position of the last * set bit if value is nonzero. The last (most significant) bit is * at position 64. */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 static __always_inline int fls64(__u64 x) { int bitpos = -1; /* * AMD64 says BSRQ won't clobber the dest reg if x==0; Intel64 says the * dest reg is undefined if x==0, but their CPU architect says its * value is written to set it to the same as before. */ asm("bsrq %1,%q0" : "+r" (bitpos) : "rm" (x)); return bitpos + 1; } #else #include <asm-generic/bitops/fls64.h> #endif #include <asm-generic/bitops/find.h> #include <asm-generic/bitops/sched.h> #include <asm/arch_hweight.h> #include <asm-generic/bitops/const_hweight.h> #include <asm-generic/bitops/instrumented-atomic.h> #include <asm-generic/bitops/instrumented-non-atomic.h> #include <asm-generic/bitops/instrumented-lock.h> #include <asm-generic/bitops/le.h> #include <asm-generic/bitops/ext2-atomic-setbit.h> #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_BITOPS_H */
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SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_MM_H #define _LINUX_MM_H #include <linux/errno.h> #ifdef __KERNEL__ #include <linux/mmdebug.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/mmzone.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/debug_locks.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/mmap_lock.h> #include <linux/range.h> #include <linux/pfn.h> #include <linux/percpu-refcount.h> #include <linux/bit_spinlock.h> #include <linux/shrinker.h> #include <linux/resource.h> #include <linux/page_ext.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/page-flags.h> #include <linux/page_ref.h> #include <linux/memremap.h> #include <linux/overflow.h> #include <linux/sizes.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/pgtable.h> struct mempolicy; struct anon_vma; struct anon_vma_chain; struct file_ra_state; struct user_struct; struct writeback_control; struct bdi_writeback; struct pt_regs; extern int sysctl_page_lock_unfairness; void init_mm_internals(void); #ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES /* Don't use mapnrs, do it properly */ extern unsigned long max_mapnr; static inline void set_max_mapnr(unsigned long limit) { max_mapnr = limit; } #else static inline void set_max_mapnr(unsigned long limit) { } #endif extern atomic_long_t _totalram_pages; static inline unsigned long totalram_pages(void) { return (unsigned long)atomic_long_read(&_totalram_pages); } static inline void totalram_pages_inc(void) { atomic_long_inc(&_totalram_pages); } static inline void totalram_pages_dec(void) { atomic_long_dec(&_totalram_pages); } static inline void totalram_pages_add(long count) { atomic_long_add(count, &_totalram_pages); } extern void * high_memory; extern int page_cluster; #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL extern int sysctl_legacy_va_layout; #else #define sysctl_legacy_va_layout 0 #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_BITS extern const int mmap_rnd_bits_min; extern const int mmap_rnd_bits_max; extern int mmap_rnd_bits __read_mostly; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_COMPAT_BITS extern const int mmap_rnd_compat_bits_min; extern const int mmap_rnd_compat_bits_max; extern int mmap_rnd_compat_bits __read_mostly; #endif #include <asm/page.h> #include <asm/processor.h> /* * Architectures that support memory tagging (assigning tags to memory regions, * embedding these tags into addresses that point to these memory regions, and * checking that the memory and the pointer tags match on memory accesses) * redefine this macro to strip tags from pointers. * It's defined as noop for arcitectures that don't support memory tagging. */ #ifndef untagged_addr #define untagged_addr(addr) (addr) #endif #ifndef __pa_symbol #define __pa_symbol(x) __pa(RELOC_HIDE((unsigned long)(x), 0)) #endif #ifndef page_to_virt #define page_to_virt(x) __va(PFN_PHYS(page_to_pfn(x))) #endif #ifndef lm_alias #define lm_alias(x) __va(__pa_symbol(x)) #endif /* * To prevent common memory management code establishing * a zero page mapping on a read fault. * This macro should be defined within <asm/pgtable.h>. * s390 does this to prevent multiplexing of hardware bits * related to the physical page in case of virtualization. */ #ifndef mm_forbids_zeropage #define mm_forbids_zeropage(X) (0) #endif /* * On some architectures it is expensive to call memset() for small sizes. * If an architecture decides to implement their own version of * mm_zero_struct_page they should wrap the defines below in a #ifndef and * define their own version of this macro in <asm/pgtable.h> */ #if BITS_PER_LONG == 64 /* This function must be updated when the size of struct page grows above 80 * or reduces below 56. The idea that compiler optimizes out switch() * statement, and only leaves move/store instructions. Also the compiler can * combine write statments if they are both assignments and can be reordered, * this can result in several of the writes here being dropped. */ #define mm_zero_struct_page(pp) __mm_zero_struct_page(pp) static inline void __mm_zero_struct_page(struct page *page) { unsigned long *_pp = (void *)page; /* Check that struct page is either 56, 64, 72, or 80 bytes */ BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct page) & 7); BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct page) < 56); BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct page) > 80); switch (sizeof(struct page)) { case 80: _pp[9] = 0; fallthrough; case 72: _pp[8] = 0; fallthrough; case 64: _pp[7] = 0; fallthrough; case 56: _pp[6] = 0; _pp[5] = 0; _pp[4] = 0; _pp[3] = 0; _pp[2] = 0; _pp[1] = 0; _pp[0] = 0; } } #else #define mm_zero_struct_page(pp) ((void)memset((pp), 0, sizeof(struct page))) #endif /* * Default maximum number of active map areas, this limits the number of vmas * per mm struct. Users can overwrite this number by sysctl but there is a * problem. * * When a program's coredump is generated as ELF format, a section is created * per a vma. In ELF, the number of sections is represented in unsigned short. * This means the number of sections should be smaller than 65535 at coredump. * Because the kernel adds some informative sections to a image of program at * generating coredump, we need some margin. The number of extra sections is * 1-3 now and depends on arch. We use "5" as safe margin, here. * * ELF extended numbering allows more than 65535 sections, so 16-bit bound is * not a hard limit any more. Although some userspace tools can be surprised by * that. */ #define MAPCOUNT_ELF_CORE_MARGIN (5) #define DEFAULT_MAX_MAP_COUNT (USHRT_MAX - MAPCOUNT_ELF_CORE_MARGIN) extern int sysctl_max_map_count; extern unsigned long sysctl_user_reserve_kbytes; extern unsigned long sysctl_admin_reserve_kbytes; extern int sysctl_overcommit_memory; extern int sysctl_overcommit_ratio; extern unsigned long sysctl_overcommit_kbytes; int overcommit_ratio_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); int overcommit_kbytes_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); int overcommit_policy_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); #define nth_page(page,n) pfn_to_page(page_to_pfn((page)) + (n)) /* to align the pointer to the (next) page boundary */ #define PAGE_ALIGN(addr) ALIGN(addr, PAGE_SIZE) /* test whether an address (unsigned long or pointer) is aligned to PAGE_SIZE */ #define PAGE_ALIGNED(addr) IS_ALIGNED((unsigned long)(addr), PAGE_SIZE) #define lru_to_page(head) (list_entry((head)->prev, struct page, lru)) /* * Linux kernel virtual memory manager primitives. * The idea being to have a "virtual" mm in the same way * we have a virtual fs - giving a cleaner interface to the * mm details, and allowing different kinds of memory mappings * (from shared memory to executable loading to arbitrary * mmap() functions). */ struct vm_area_struct *vm_area_alloc(struct mm_struct *); struct vm_area_struct *vm_area_dup(struct vm_area_struct *); void vm_area_free(struct vm_area_struct *); #ifndef CONFIG_MMU extern struct rb_root nommu_region_tree; extern struct rw_semaphore nommu_region_sem; extern unsigned int kobjsize(const void *objp); #endif /* * vm_flags in vm_area_struct, see mm_types.h. * When changing, update also include/trace/events/mmflags.h */ #define VM_NONE 0x00000000 #define VM_READ 0x00000001 /* currently active flags */ #define VM_WRITE 0x00000002 #define VM_EXEC 0x00000004 #define VM_SHARED 0x00000008 /* mprotect() hardcodes VM_MAYREAD >> 4 == VM_READ, and so for r/w/x bits. */ #define VM_MAYREAD 0x00000010 /* limits for mprotect() etc */ #define VM_MAYWRITE 0x00000020 #define VM_MAYEXEC 0x00000040 #define VM_MAYSHARE 0x00000080 #define VM_GROWSDOWN 0x00000100 /* general info on the segment */ #define VM_UFFD_MISSING 0x00000200 /* missing pages tracking */ #define VM_PFNMAP 0x00000400 /* Page-ranges managed without "struct page", just pure PFN */ #define VM_DENYWRITE 0x00000800 /* ETXTBSY on write attempts.. */ #define VM_UFFD_WP 0x00001000 /* wrprotect pages tracking */ #define VM_LOCKED 0x00002000 #define VM_IO 0x00004000 /* Memory mapped I/O or similar */ /* Used by sys_madvise() */ #define VM_SEQ_READ 0x00008000 /* App will access data sequentially */ #define VM_RAND_READ 0x00010000 /* App will not benefit from clustered reads */ #define VM_DONTCOPY 0x00020000 /* Do not copy this vma on fork */ #define VM_DONTEXPAND 0x00040000 /* Cannot expand with mremap() */ #define VM_LOCKONFAULT 0x00080000 /* Lock the pages covered when they are faulted in */ #define VM_ACCOUNT 0x00100000 /* Is a VM accounted object */ #define VM_NORESERVE 0x00200000 /* should the VM suppress accounting */ #define VM_HUGETLB 0x00400000 /* Huge TLB Page VM */ #define VM_SYNC 0x00800000 /* Synchronous page faults */ #define VM_ARCH_1 0x01000000 /* Architecture-specific flag */ #define VM_WIPEONFORK 0x02000000 /* Wipe VMA contents in child. */ #define VM_DONTDUMP 0x04000000 /* Do not include in the core dump */ #ifdef CONFIG_MEM_SOFT_DIRTY # define VM_SOFTDIRTY 0x08000000 /* Not soft dirty clean area */ #else # define VM_SOFTDIRTY 0 #endif #define VM_MIXEDMAP 0x10000000 /* Can contain "struct page" and pure PFN pages */ #define VM_HUGEPAGE 0x20000000 /* MADV_HUGEPAGE marked this vma */ #define VM_NOHUGEPAGE 0x40000000 /* MADV_NOHUGEPAGE marked this vma */ #define VM_MERGEABLE 0x80000000 /* KSM may merge identical pages */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_USES_HIGH_VMA_FLAGS #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_0 32 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_1 33 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_2 34 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_3 35 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_4 36 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_0 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_0) #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_1 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_1) #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_2 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_2) #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_3 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_3) #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_4 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_4) #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_USES_HIGH_VMA_FLAGS */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PKEYS # define VM_PKEY_SHIFT VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_0 # define VM_PKEY_BIT0 VM_HIGH_ARCH_0 /* A protection key is a 4-bit value */ # define VM_PKEY_BIT1 VM_HIGH_ARCH_1 /* on x86 and 5-bit value on ppc64 */ # define VM_PKEY_BIT2 VM_HIGH_ARCH_2 # define VM_PKEY_BIT3 VM_HIGH_ARCH_3 #ifdef CONFIG_PPC # define VM_PKEY_BIT4 VM_HIGH_ARCH_4 #else # define VM_PKEY_BIT4 0 #endif #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PKEYS */ #if defined(CONFIG_X86) # define VM_PAT VM_ARCH_1 /* PAT reserves whole VMA at once (x86) */ #elif defined(CONFIG_PPC) # define VM_SAO VM_ARCH_1 /* Strong Access Ordering (powerpc) */ #elif defined(CONFIG_PARISC) # define VM_GROWSUP VM_ARCH_1 #elif defined(CONFIG_IA64) # define VM_GROWSUP VM_ARCH_1 #elif defined(CONFIG_SPARC64) # define VM_SPARC_ADI VM_ARCH_1 /* Uses ADI tag for access control */ # define VM_ARCH_CLEAR VM_SPARC_ADI #elif defined(CONFIG_ARM64) # define VM_ARM64_BTI VM_ARCH_1 /* BTI guarded page, a.k.a. GP bit */ # define VM_ARCH_CLEAR VM_ARM64_BTI #elif !defined(CONFIG_MMU) # define VM_MAPPED_COPY VM_ARCH_1 /* T if mapped copy of data (nommu mmap) */ #endif #if defined(CONFIG_ARM64_MTE) # define VM_MTE VM_HIGH_ARCH_0 /* Use Tagged memory for access control */ # define VM_MTE_ALLOWED VM_HIGH_ARCH_1 /* Tagged memory permitted */ #else # define VM_MTE VM_NONE # define VM_MTE_ALLOWED VM_NONE #endif #ifndef VM_GROWSUP # define VM_GROWSUP VM_NONE #endif /* Bits set in the VMA until the stack is in its final location */ #define VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP (VM_RAND_READ | VM_SEQ_READ) #define TASK_EXEC ((current->personality & READ_IMPLIES_EXEC) ? VM_EXEC : 0) /* Common data flag combinations */ #define VM_DATA_FLAGS_TSK_EXEC (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | TASK_EXEC | \ VM_MAYREAD | VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC) #define VM_DATA_FLAGS_NON_EXEC (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | VM_MAYREAD | \ VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC) #define VM_DATA_FLAGS_EXEC (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | VM_EXEC | \ VM_MAYREAD | VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC) #ifndef VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS /* arch can override this */ #define VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS VM_DATA_FLAGS_EXEC #endif #ifndef VM_STACK_DEFAULT_FLAGS /* arch can override this */ #define VM_STACK_DEFAULT_FLAGS VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS #endif #ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP #define VM_STACK VM_GROWSUP #else #define VM_STACK VM_GROWSDOWN #endif #define VM_STACK_FLAGS (VM_STACK | VM_STACK_DEFAULT_FLAGS | VM_ACCOUNT) /* VMA basic access permission flags */ #define VM_ACCESS_FLAGS (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | VM_EXEC) /* * Special vmas that are non-mergable, non-mlock()able. */ #define VM_SPECIAL (VM_IO | VM_DONTEXPAND | VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP) /* This mask prevents VMA from being scanned with khugepaged */ #define VM_NO_KHUGEPAGED (VM_SPECIAL | VM_HUGETLB) /* This mask defines which mm->def_flags a process can inherit its parent */ #define VM_INIT_DEF_MASK VM_NOHUGEPAGE /* This mask is used to clear all the VMA flags used by mlock */ #define VM_LOCKED_CLEAR_MASK (~(VM_LOCKED | VM_LOCKONFAULT)) /* Arch-specific flags to clear when updating VM flags on protection change */ #ifndef VM_ARCH_CLEAR # define VM_ARCH_CLEAR VM_NONE #endif #define VM_FLAGS_CLEAR (ARCH_VM_PKEY_FLAGS | VM_ARCH_CLEAR) /* * mapping from the currently active vm_flags protection bits (the * low four bits) to a page protection mask.. */ extern pgprot_t protection_map[16]; /** * Fault flag definitions. * * @FAULT_FLAG_WRITE: Fault was a write fault. * @FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE: Fault was mkwrite of existing PTE. * @FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY: Allow to retry the fault if blocked. * @FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT: Don't drop mmap_lock and wait when retrying. * @FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE: The fault task is in SIGKILL killable region. * @FAULT_FLAG_TRIED: The fault has been tried once. * @FAULT_FLAG_USER: The fault originated in userspace. * @FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE: The fault is not for current task/mm. * @FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION: The fault was during an instruction fetch. * @FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE: The fault can be interrupted by non-fatal signals. * * About @FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY and @FAULT_FLAG_TRIED: we can specify * whether we would allow page faults to retry by specifying these two * fault flags correctly. Currently there can be three legal combinations: * * (a) ALLOW_RETRY and !TRIED: this means the page fault allows retry, and * this is the first try * * (b) ALLOW_RETRY and TRIED: this means the page fault allows retry, and * we've already tried at least once * * (c) !ALLOW_RETRY and !TRIED: this means the page fault does not allow retry * * The unlisted combination (!ALLOW_RETRY && TRIED) is illegal and should never * be used. Note that page faults can be allowed to retry for multiple times, * in which case we'll have an initial fault with flags (a) then later on * continuous faults with flags (b). We should always try to detect pending * signals before a retry to make sure the continuous page faults can still be * interrupted if necessary. */ #define FAULT_FLAG_WRITE 0x01 #define FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE 0x02 #define FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY 0x04 #define FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT 0x08 #define FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE 0x10 #define FAULT_FLAG_TRIED 0x20 #define FAULT_FLAG_USER 0x40 #define FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE 0x80 #define FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION 0x100 #define FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE 0x200 /* * The default fault flags that should be used by most of the * arch-specific page fault handlers. */ #define FAULT_FLAG_DEFAULT (FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY | \ FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE | \ FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE) /** * fault_flag_allow_retry_first - check ALLOW_RETRY the first time * * This is mostly used for places where we want to try to avoid taking * the mmap_lock for too long a time when waiting for another condition * to change, in which case we can try to be polite to release the * mmap_lock in the first round to avoid potential starvation of other * processes that would also want the mmap_lock. * * Return: true if the page fault allows retry and this is the first * attempt of the fault handling; false otherwise. */ static inline bool fault_flag_allow_retry_first(unsigned int flags) { return (flags & FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY) && (!(flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED)); } #define FAULT_FLAG_TRACE \ { FAULT_FLAG_WRITE, "WRITE" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE, "MKWRITE" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY, "ALLOW_RETRY" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT, "RETRY_NOWAIT" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE, "KILLABLE" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_TRIED, "TRIED" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_USER, "USER" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE, "REMOTE" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION, "INSTRUCTION" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE, "INTERRUPTIBLE" } /* * vm_fault is filled by the pagefault handler and passed to the vma's * ->fault function. The vma's ->fault is responsible for returning a bitmask * of VM_FAULT_xxx flags that give details about how the fault was handled. * * MM layer fills up gfp_mask for page allocations but fault handler might * alter it if its implementation requires a different allocation context. * * pgoff should be used in favour of virtual_address, if possible. */ struct vm_fault { struct vm_area_struct *vma; /* Target VMA */ unsigned int flags; /* FAULT_FLAG_xxx flags */ gfp_t gfp_mask; /* gfp mask to be used for allocations */ pgoff_t pgoff; /* Logical page offset based on vma */ unsigned long address; /* Faulting virtual address */ pmd_t *pmd; /* Pointer to pmd entry matching * the 'address' */ pud_t *pud; /* Pointer to pud entry matching * the 'address' */ pte_t orig_pte; /* Value of PTE at the time of fault */ struct page *cow_page; /* Page handler may use for COW fault */ struct page *page; /* ->fault handlers should return a * page here, unless VM_FAULT_NOPAGE * is set (which is also implied by * VM_FAULT_ERROR). */ /* These three entries are valid only while holding ptl lock */ pte_t *pte; /* Pointer to pte entry matching * the 'address'. NULL if the page * table hasn't been allocated. */ spinlock_t *ptl; /* Page table lock. * Protects pte page table if 'pte' * is not NULL, otherwise pmd. */ pgtable_t prealloc_pte; /* Pre-allocated pte page table. * vm_ops->map_pages() calls * alloc_set_pte() from atomic context. * do_fault_around() pre-allocates * page table to avoid allocation from * atomic context. */ }; /* page entry size for vm->huge_fault() */ enum page_entry_size { PE_SIZE_PTE = 0, PE_SIZE_PMD, PE_SIZE_PUD, }; /* * These are the virtual MM functions - opening of an area, closing and * unmapping it (needed to keep files on disk up-to-date etc), pointer * to the functions called when a no-page or a wp-page exception occurs. */ struct vm_operations_struct { void (*open)(struct vm_area_struct * area); void (*close)(struct vm_area_struct * area); int (*split)(struct vm_area_struct * area, unsigned long addr); int (*mremap)(struct vm_area_struct * area); vm_fault_t (*fault)(struct vm_fault *vmf); vm_fault_t (*huge_fault)(struct vm_fault *vmf, enum page_entry_size pe_size); void (*map_pages)(struct vm_fault *vmf, pgoff_t start_pgoff, pgoff_t end_pgoff); unsigned long (*pagesize)(struct vm_area_struct * area); /* notification that a previously read-only page is about to become * writable, if an error is returned it will cause a SIGBUS */ vm_fault_t (*page_mkwrite)(struct vm_fault *vmf); /* same as page_mkwrite when using VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP */ vm_fault_t (*pfn_mkwrite)(struct vm_fault *vmf); /* called by access_process_vm when get_user_pages() fails, typically * for use by special VMAs that can switch between memory and hardware */ int (*access)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, int write); /* Called by the /proc/PID/maps code to ask the vma whether it * has a special name. Returning non-NULL will also cause this * vma to be dumped unconditionally. */ const char *(*name)(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA /* * set_policy() op must add a reference to any non-NULL @new mempolicy * to hold the policy upon return. Caller should pass NULL @new to * remove a policy and fall back to surrounding context--i.e. do not * install a MPOL_DEFAULT policy, nor the task or system default * mempolicy. */ int (*set_policy)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mempolicy *new); /* * get_policy() op must add reference [mpol_get()] to any policy at * (vma,addr) marked as MPOL_SHARED. The shared policy infrastructure * in mm/mempolicy.c will do this automatically. * get_policy() must NOT add a ref if the policy at (vma,addr) is not * marked as MPOL_SHARED. vma policies are protected by the mmap_lock. * If no [shared/vma] mempolicy exists at the addr, get_policy() op * must return NULL--i.e., do not "fallback" to task or system default * policy. */ struct mempolicy *(*get_policy)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr); #endif /* * Called by vm_normal_page() for special PTEs to find the * page for @addr. This is useful if the default behavior * (using pte_page()) would not find the correct page. */ struct page *(*find_special_page)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr); }; static inline void vma_init(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mm_struct *mm) { static const struct vm_operations_struct dummy_vm_ops = {}; memset(vma, 0, sizeof(*vma)); vma->vm_mm = mm; vma->vm_ops = &dummy_vm_ops; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&vma->anon_vma_chain); } static inline void vma_set_anonymous(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { vma->vm_ops = NULL; } static inline bool vma_is_anonymous(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return !vma->vm_ops; } static inline bool vma_is_temporary_stack(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { int maybe_stack = vma->vm_flags & (VM_GROWSDOWN | VM_GROWSUP); if (!maybe_stack) return false; if ((vma->vm_flags & VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP) == VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP) return true; return false; } static inline bool vma_is_foreign(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (!current->mm) return true; if (current->mm != vma->vm_mm) return true; return false; } static inline bool vma_is_accessible(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return vma->vm_flags & VM_ACCESS_FLAGS; } #ifdef CONFIG_SHMEM /* * The vma_is_shmem is not inline because it is used only by slow * paths in userfault. */ bool vma_is_shmem(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #else static inline bool vma_is_shmem(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return false; } #endif int vma_is_stack_for_current(struct vm_area_struct *vma); /* flush_tlb_range() takes a vma, not a mm, and can care about flags */ #define TLB_FLUSH_VMA(mm,flags) { .vm_mm = (mm), .vm_flags = (flags) } struct mmu_gather; struct inode; #include <linux/huge_mm.h> /* * Methods to modify the page usage count. * * What counts for a page usage: * - cache mapping (page->mapping) * - private data (page->private) * - page mapped in a task's page tables, each mapping * is counted separately * * Also, many kernel routines increase the page count before a critical * routine so they can be sure the page doesn't go away from under them. */ /* * Drop a ref, return true if the refcount fell to zero (the page has no users) */ static inline int put_page_testzero(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_ref_count(page) == 0, page); return page_ref_dec_and_test(page); } /* * Try to grab a ref unless the page has a refcount of zero, return false if * that is the case. * This can be called when MMU is off so it must not access * any of the virtual mappings. */ static inline int get_page_unless_zero(struct page *page) { return page_ref_add_unless(page, 1, 0); } extern int page_is_ram(unsigned long pfn); enum { REGION_INTERSECTS, REGION_DISJOINT, REGION_MIXED, }; int region_intersects(resource_size_t offset, size_t size, unsigned long flags, unsigned long desc); /* Support for virtually mapped pages */ struct page *vmalloc_to_page(const void *addr); unsigned long vmalloc_to_pfn(const void *addr); /* * Determine if an address is within the vmalloc range * * On nommu, vmalloc/vfree wrap through kmalloc/kfree directly, so there * is no special casing required. */ #ifndef is_ioremap_addr #define is_ioremap_addr(x) is_vmalloc_addr(x) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern bool is_vmalloc_addr(const void *x); extern int is_vmalloc_or_module_addr(const void *x); #else static inline bool is_vmalloc_addr(const void *x) { return false; } static inline int is_vmalloc_or_module_addr(const void *x) { return 0; } #endif extern void *kvmalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node); static inline void *kvmalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return kvmalloc_node(size, flags, NUMA_NO_NODE); } static inline void *kvzalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node) { return kvmalloc_node(size, flags | __GFP_ZERO, node); } static inline void *kvzalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return kvmalloc(size, flags | __GFP_ZERO); } static inline void *kvmalloc_array(size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags) { size_t bytes; if (unlikely(check_mul_overflow(n, size, &bytes))) return NULL; return kvmalloc(bytes, flags); } static inline void *kvcalloc(size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return kvmalloc_array(n, size, flags | __GFP_ZERO); } extern void kvfree(const void *addr); extern void kvfree_sensitive(const void *addr, size_t len); static inline int head_compound_mapcount(struct page *head) { return atomic_read(compound_mapcount_ptr(head)) + 1; } /* * Mapcount of compound page as a whole, does not include mapped sub-pages. * * Must be called only for compound pages or any their tail sub-pages. */ static inline int compound_mapcount(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageCompound(page), page); page = compound_head(page); return head_compound_mapcount(page); } /* * The atomic page->_mapcount, starts from -1: so that transitions * both from it and to it can be tracked, using atomic_inc_and_test * and atomic_add_negative(-1). */ static inline void page_mapcount_reset(struct page *page) { atomic_set(&(page)->_mapcount, -1); } int __page_mapcount(struct page *page); /* * Mapcount of 0-order page; when compound sub-page, includes * compound_mapcount(). * * Result is undefined for pages which cannot be mapped into userspace. * For example SLAB or special types of pages. See function page_has_type(). * They use this place in struct page differently. */ static inline int page_mapcount(struct page *page) { if (unlikely(PageCompound(page))) return __page_mapcount(page); return atomic_read(&page->_mapcount) + 1; } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE int total_mapcount(struct page *page); int page_trans_huge_mapcount(struct page *page, int *total_mapcount); #else static inline int total_mapcount(struct page *page) { return page_mapcount(page); } static inline int page_trans_huge_mapcount(struct page *page, int *total_mapcount) { int mapcount = page_mapcount(page); if (total_mapcount) *total_mapcount = mapcount; return mapcount; } #endif static inline struct page *virt_to_head_page(const void *x) { struct page *page = virt_to_page(x); return compound_head(page); } void __put_page(struct page *page); void put_pages_list(struct list_head *pages); void split_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order); /* * Compound pages have a destructor function. Provide a * prototype for that function and accessor functions. * These are _only_ valid on the head of a compound page. */ typedef void compound_page_dtor(struct page *); /* Keep the enum in sync with compound_page_dtors array in mm/page_alloc.c */ enum compound_dtor_id { NULL_COMPOUND_DTOR, COMPOUND_PAGE_DTOR, #ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE HUGETLB_PAGE_DTOR, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE TRANSHUGE_PAGE_DTOR, #endif NR_COMPOUND_DTORS, }; extern compound_page_dtor * const compound_page_dtors[NR_COMPOUND_DTORS]; static inline void set_compound_page_dtor(struct page *page, enum compound_dtor_id compound_dtor) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(compound_dtor >= NR_COMPOUND_DTORS, page); page[1].compound_dtor = compound_dtor; } static inline void destroy_compound_page(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page[1].compound_dtor >= NR_COMPOUND_DTORS, page); compound_page_dtors[page[1].compound_dtor](page); } static inline unsigned int compound_order(struct page *page) { if (!PageHead(page)) return 0; return page[1].compound_order; } static inline bool hpage_pincount_available(struct page *page) { /* * Can the page->hpage_pinned_refcount field be used? That field is in * the 3rd page of the compound page, so the smallest (2-page) compound * pages cannot support it. */ page = compound_head(page); return PageCompound(page) && compound_order(page) > 1; } static inline int head_compound_pincount(struct page *head) { return atomic_read(compound_pincount_ptr(head)); } static inline int compound_pincount(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!hpage_pincount_available(page), page); page = compound_head(page); return head_compound_pincount(page); } static inline void set_compound_order(struct page *page, unsigned int order) { page[1].compound_order = order; page[1].compound_nr = 1U << order; } /* Returns the number of pages in this potentially compound page. */ static inline unsigned long compound_nr(struct page *page) { if (!PageHead(page)) return 1; return page[1].compound_nr; } /* Returns the number of bytes in this potentially compound page. */ static inline unsigned long page_size(struct page *page) { return PAGE_SIZE << compound_order(page); } /* Returns the number of bits needed for the number of bytes in a page */ static inline unsigned int page_shift(struct page *page) { return PAGE_SHIFT + compound_order(page); } void free_compound_page(struct page *page); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU /* * Do pte_mkwrite, but only if the vma says VM_WRITE. We do this when * servicing faults for write access. In the normal case, do always want * pte_mkwrite. But get_user_pages can cause write faults for mappings * that do not have writing enabled, when used by access_process_vm. */ static inline pte_t maybe_mkwrite(pte_t pte, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (likely(vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE)) pte = pte_mkwrite(pte); return pte; } vm_fault_t alloc_set_pte(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page); vm_fault_t finish_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf); vm_fault_t finish_mkwrite_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf); #endif /* * Multiple processes may "see" the same page. E.g. for untouched * mappings of /dev/null, all processes see the same page full of * zeroes, and text pages of executables and shared libraries have * only one copy in memory, at most, normally. * * For the non-reserved pages, page_count(page) denotes a reference count. * page_count() == 0 means the page is free. page->lru is then used for * freelist management in the buddy allocator. * page_count() > 0 means the page has been allocated. * * Pages are allocated by the slab allocator in order to provide memory * to kmalloc and kmem_cache_alloc. In this case, the management of the * page, and the fields in 'struct page' are the responsibility of mm/slab.c * unless a particular usage is carefully commented. (the responsibility of * freeing the kmalloc memory is the caller's, of course). * * A page may be used by anyone else who does a __get_free_page(). * In this case, page_count still tracks the references, and should only * be used through the normal accessor functions. The top bits of page->flags * and page->virtual store page management information, but all other fields * are unused and could be used privately, carefully. The management of this * page is the responsibility of the one who allocated it, and those who have * subsequently been given references to it. * * The other pages (we may call them "pagecache pages") are completely * managed by the Linux memory manager: I/O, buffers, swapping etc. * The following discussion applies only to them. * * A pagecache page contains an opaque `private' member, which belongs to the * page's address_space. Usually, this is the address of a circular list of * the page's disk buffers. PG_private must be set to tell the VM to call * into the filesystem to release these pages. * * A page may belong to an inode's memory mapping. In this case, page->mapping * is the pointer to the inode, and page->index is the file offset of the page, * in units of PAGE_SIZE. * * If pagecache pages are not associated with an inode, they are said to be * anonymous pages. These may become associated with the swapcache, and in that * case PG_swapcache is set, and page->private is an offset into the swapcache. * * In either case (swapcache or inode backed), the pagecache itself holds one * reference to the page. Setting PG_private should also increment the * refcount. The each user mapping also has a reference to the page. * * The pagecache pages are stored in a per-mapping radix tree, which is * rooted at mapping->i_pages, and indexed by offset. * Where 2.4 and early 2.6 kernels kept dirty/clean pages in per-address_space * lists, we instead now tag pages as dirty/writeback in the radix tree. * * All pagecache pages may be subject to I/O: * - inode pages may need to be read from disk, * - inode pages which have been modified and are MAP_SHARED may need * to be written back to the inode on disk, * - anonymous pages (including MAP_PRIVATE file mappings) which have been * modified may need to be swapped out to swap space and (later) to be read * back into memory. */ /* * The zone field is never updated after free_area_init_core() * sets it, so none of the operations on it need to be atomic. */ /* Page flags: | [SECTION] | [NODE] | ZONE | [LAST_CPUPID] | ... | FLAGS | */ #define SECTIONS_PGOFF ((sizeof(unsigned long)*8) - SECTIONS_WIDTH) #define NODES_PGOFF (SECTIONS_PGOFF - NODES_WIDTH) #define ZONES_PGOFF (NODES_PGOFF - ZONES_WIDTH) #define LAST_CPUPID_PGOFF (ZONES_PGOFF - LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH) #define KASAN_TAG_PGOFF (LAST_CPUPID_PGOFF - KASAN_TAG_WIDTH) /* * Define the bit shifts to access each section. For non-existent * sections we define the shift as 0; that plus a 0 mask ensures * the compiler will optimise away reference to them. */ #define SECTIONS_PGSHIFT (SECTIONS_PGOFF * (SECTIONS_WIDTH != 0)) #define NODES_PGSHIFT (NODES_PGOFF * (NODES_WIDTH != 0)) #define ZONES_PGSHIFT (ZONES_PGOFF * (ZONES_WIDTH != 0)) #define LAST_CPUPID_PGSHIFT (LAST_CPUPID_PGOFF * (LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH != 0)) #define KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT (KASAN_TAG_PGOFF * (KASAN_TAG_WIDTH != 0)) /* NODE:ZONE or SECTION:ZONE is used to ID a zone for the buddy allocator */ #ifdef NODE_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS #define ZONEID_SHIFT (SECTIONS_SHIFT + ZONES_SHIFT) #define ZONEID_PGOFF ((SECTIONS_PGOFF < ZONES_PGOFF)? \ SECTIONS_PGOFF : ZONES_PGOFF) #else #define ZONEID_SHIFT (NODES_SHIFT + ZONES_SHIFT) #define ZONEID_PGOFF ((NODES_PGOFF < ZONES_PGOFF)? \ NODES_PGOFF : ZONES_PGOFF) #endif #define ZONEID_PGSHIFT (ZONEID_PGOFF * (ZONEID_SHIFT != 0)) #define ZONES_MASK ((1UL << ZONES_WIDTH) - 1) #define NODES_MASK ((1UL << NODES_WIDTH) - 1) #define SECTIONS_MASK ((1UL << SECTIONS_WIDTH) - 1) #define LAST_CPUPID_MASK ((1UL << LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT) - 1) #define KASAN_TAG_MASK ((1UL << KASAN_TAG_WIDTH) - 1) #define ZONEID_MASK ((1UL << ZONEID_SHIFT) - 1) static inline enum zone_type page_zonenum(const struct page *page) { ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_BITS(page->flags, ZONES_MASK << ZONES_PGSHIFT); return (page->flags >> ZONES_PGSHIFT) & ZONES_MASK; } #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE static inline bool is_zone_device_page(const struct page *page) { return page_zonenum(page) == ZONE_DEVICE; } extern void memmap_init_zone_device(struct zone *, unsigned long, unsigned long, struct dev_pagemap *); #else static inline bool is_zone_device_page(const struct page *page) { return false; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS void free_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page); DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(devmap_managed_key); static inline bool page_is_devmap_managed(struct page *page) { if (!static_branch_unlikely(&devmap_managed_key)) return false; if (!is_zone_device_page(page)) return false; switch (page->pgmap->type) { case MEMORY_DEVICE_PRIVATE: case MEMORY_DEVICE_FS_DAX: return true; default: break; } return false; } void put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page); #else /* CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS */ static inline bool page_is_devmap_managed(struct page *page) { return false; } static inline void put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page) { } #endif /* CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS */ static inline bool is_device_private_page(const struct page *page) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS) && IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEVICE_PRIVATE) && is_zone_device_page(page) && page->pgmap->type == MEMORY_DEVICE_PRIVATE; } static inline bool is_pci_p2pdma_page(const struct page *page) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS) && IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PCI_P2PDMA) && is_zone_device_page(page) && page->pgmap->type == MEMORY_DEVICE_PCI_P2PDMA; } /* 127: arbitrary random number, small enough to assemble well */ #define page_ref_zero_or_close_to_overflow(page) \ ((unsigned int) page_ref_count(page) + 127u <= 127u) static inline void get_page(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); /* * Getting a normal page or the head of a compound page * requires to already have an elevated page->_refcount. */ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_ref_zero_or_close_to_overflow(page), page); page_ref_inc(page); } bool __must_check try_grab_page(struct page *page, unsigned int flags); static inline __must_check bool try_get_page(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(page_ref_count(page) <= 0)) return false; page_ref_inc(page); return true; } static inline void put_page(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); /* * For devmap managed pages we need to catch refcount transition from * 2 to 1, when refcount reach one it means the page is free and we * need to inform the device driver through callback. See * include/linux/memremap.h and HMM for details. */ if (page_is_devmap_managed(page)) { put_devmap_managed_page(page); return; } if (put_page_testzero(page)) __put_page(page); } /* * GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS, and the associated functions that use it, overload * the page's refcount so that two separate items are tracked: the original page * reference count, and also a new count of how many pin_user_pages() calls were * made against the page. ("gup-pinned" is another term for the latter). * * With this scheme, pin_user_pages() becomes special: such pages are marked as * distinct from normal pages. As such, the unpin_user_page() call (and its * variants) must be used in order to release gup-pinned pages. * * Choice of value: * * By making GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS a power of two, debugging of page reference * counts with respect to pin_user_pages() and unpin_user_page() becomes * simpler, due to the fact that adding an even power of two to the page * refcount has the effect of using only the upper N bits, for the code that * counts up using the bias value. This means that the lower bits are left for * the exclusive use of the original code that increments and decrements by one * (or at least, by much smaller values than the bias value). * * Of course, once the lower bits overflow into the upper bits (and this is * OK, because subtraction recovers the original values), then visual inspection * no longer suffices to directly view the separate counts. However, for normal * applications that don't have huge page reference counts, this won't be an * issue. * * Locking: the lockless algorithm described in page_cache_get_speculative() * and page_cache_gup_pin_speculative() provides safe operation for * get_user_pages and page_mkclean and other calls that race to set up page * table entries. */ #define GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS (1U << 10) void unpin_user_page(struct page *page); void unpin_user_pages_dirty_lock(struct page **pages, unsigned long npages, bool make_dirty); void unpin_user_pages(struct page **pages, unsigned long npages); /** * page_maybe_dma_pinned() - report if a page is pinned for DMA. * * This function checks if a page has been pinned via a call to * pin_user_pages*(). * * For non-huge pages, the return value is partially fuzzy: false is not fuzzy, * because it means "definitely not pinned for DMA", but true means "probably * pinned for DMA, but possibly a false positive due to having at least * GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS worth of normal page references". * * False positives are OK, because: a) it's unlikely for a page to get that many * refcounts, and b) all the callers of this routine are expected to be able to * deal gracefully with a false positive. * * For huge pages, the result will be exactly correct. That's because we have * more tracking data available: the 3rd struct page in the compound page is * used to track the pincount (instead using of the GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS * scheme). * * For more information, please see Documentation/core-api/pin_user_pages.rst. * * @page: pointer to page to be queried. * @Return: True, if it is likely that the page has been "dma-pinned". * False, if the page is definitely not dma-pinned. */ static inline bool page_maybe_dma_pinned(struct page *page) { if (hpage_pincount_available(page)) return compound_pincount(page) > 0; /* * page_ref_count() is signed. If that refcount overflows, then * page_ref_count() returns a negative value, and callers will avoid * further incrementing the refcount. * * Here, for that overflow case, use the signed bit to count a little * bit higher via unsigned math, and thus still get an accurate result. */ return ((unsigned int)page_ref_count(compound_head(page))) >= GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS; } #if defined(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM) && !defined(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP) #define SECTION_IN_PAGE_FLAGS #endif /* * The identification function is mainly used by the buddy allocator for * determining if two pages could be buddies. We are not really identifying * the zone since we could be using the section number id if we do not have * node id available in page flags. * We only guarantee that it will return the same value for two combinable * pages in a zone. */ static inline int page_zone_id(struct page *page) { return (page->flags >> ZONEID_PGSHIFT) & ZONEID_MASK; } #ifdef NODE_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS extern int page_to_nid(const struct page *page); #else static inline int page_to_nid(const struct page *page) { struct page *p = (struct page *)page; return (PF_POISONED_CHECK(p)->flags >> NODES_PGSHIFT) & NODES_MASK; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING static inline int cpu_pid_to_cpupid(int cpu, int pid) { return ((cpu & LAST__CPU_MASK) << LAST__PID_SHIFT) | (pid & LAST__PID_MASK); } static inline int cpupid_to_pid(int cpupid) { return cpupid & LAST__PID_MASK; } static inline int cpupid_to_cpu(int cpupid) { return (cpupid >> LAST__PID_SHIFT) & LAST__CPU_MASK; } static inline int cpupid_to_nid(int cpupid) { return cpu_to_node(cpupid_to_cpu(cpupid)); } static inline bool cpupid_pid_unset(int cpupid) { return cpupid_to_pid(cpupid) == (-1 & LAST__PID_MASK); } static inline bool cpupid_cpu_unset(int cpupid) { return cpupid_to_cpu(cpupid) == (-1 & LAST__CPU_MASK); } static inline bool __cpupid_match_pid(pid_t task_pid, int cpupid) { return (task_pid & LAST__PID_MASK) == cpupid_to_pid(cpupid); } #define cpupid_match_pid(task, cpupid) __cpupid_match_pid(task->pid, cpupid) #ifdef LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS static inline int page_cpupid_xchg_last(struct page *page, int cpupid) { return xchg(&page->_last_cpupid, cpupid & LAST_CPUPID_MASK); } static inline int page_cpupid_last(struct page *page) { return page->_last_cpupid; } static inline void page_cpupid_reset_last(struct page *page) { page->_last_cpupid = -1 & LAST_CPUPID_MASK; } #else static inline int page_cpupid_last(struct page *page) { return (page->flags >> LAST_CPUPID_PGSHIFT) & LAST_CPUPID_MASK; } extern int page_cpupid_xchg_last(struct page *page, int cpupid); static inline void page_cpupid_reset_last(struct page *page) { page->flags |= LAST_CPUPID_MASK << LAST_CPUPID_PGSHIFT; } #endif /* LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS */ #else /* !CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ static inline int page_cpupid_xchg_last(struct page *page, int cpupid) { return page_to_nid(page); /* XXX */ } static inline int page_cpupid_last(struct page *page) { return page_to_nid(page); /* XXX */ } static inline int cpupid_to_nid(int cpupid) { return -1; } static inline int cpupid_to_pid(int cpupid) { return -1; } static inline int cpupid_to_cpu(int cpupid) { return -1; } static inline int cpu_pid_to_cpupid(int nid, int pid) { return -1; } static inline bool cpupid_pid_unset(int cpupid) { return true; } static inline void page_cpupid_reset_last(struct page *page) { } static inline bool cpupid_match_pid(struct task_struct *task, int cpupid) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ #ifdef CONFIG_KASAN_SW_TAGS /* * KASAN per-page tags are stored xor'ed with 0xff. This allows to avoid * setting tags for all pages to native kernel tag value 0xff, as the default * value 0x00 maps to 0xff. */ static inline u8 page_kasan_tag(const struct page *page) { u8 tag; tag = (page->flags >> KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT) & KASAN_TAG_MASK; tag ^= 0xff; return tag; } static inline void page_kasan_tag_set(struct page *page, u8 tag) { tag ^= 0xff; page->flags &= ~(KASAN_TAG_MASK << KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT); page->flags |= (tag & KASAN_TAG_MASK) << KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT; } static inline void page_kasan_tag_reset(struct page *page) { page_kasan_tag_set(page, 0xff); } #else static inline u8 page_kasan_tag(const struct page *page) { return 0xff; } static inline void page_kasan_tag_set(struct page *page, u8 tag) { } static inline void page_kasan_tag_reset(struct page *page) { } #endif static inline struct zone *page_zone(const struct page *page) { return &NODE_DATA(page_to_nid(page))->node_zones[page_zonenum(page)]; } static inline pg_data_t *page_pgdat(const struct page *page) { return NODE_DATA(page_to_nid(page)); } #ifdef SECTION_IN_PAGE_FLAGS static inline void set_page_section(struct page *page, unsigned long section) { page->flags &= ~(SECTIONS_MASK << SECTIONS_PGSHIFT); page->flags |= (section & SECTIONS_MASK) << SECTIONS_PGSHIFT; } static inline unsigned long page_to_section(const struct page *page) { return (page->flags >> SECTIONS_PGSHIFT) & SECTIONS_MASK; } #endif static inline void set_page_zone(struct page *page, enum zone_type zone) { page->flags &= ~(ZONES_MASK << ZONES_PGSHIFT); page->flags |= (zone & ZONES_MASK) << ZONES_PGSHIFT; } static inline void set_page_node(struct page *page, unsigned long node) { page->flags &= ~(NODES_MASK << NODES_PGSHIFT); page->flags |= (node & NODES_MASK) << NODES_PGSHIFT; } static inline void set_page_links(struct page *page, enum zone_type zone, unsigned long node, unsigned long pfn) { set_page_zone(page, zone); set_page_node(page, node); #ifdef SECTION_IN_PAGE_FLAGS set_page_section(page, pfn_to_section_nr(pfn)); #endif } #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG static inline struct mem_cgroup *page_memcg(struct page *page) { return page->mem_cgroup; } static inline struct mem_cgroup *page_memcg_rcu(struct page *page) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_read_lock_held()); return READ_ONCE(page->mem_cgroup); } #else static inline struct mem_cgroup *page_memcg(struct page *page) { return NULL; } static inline struct mem_cgroup *page_memcg_rcu(struct page *page) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_read_lock_held()); return NULL; } #endif /* * Some inline functions in vmstat.h depend on page_zone() */ #include <linux/vmstat.h> static __always_inline void *lowmem_page_address(const struct page *page) { return page_to_virt(page); } #if defined(CONFIG_HIGHMEM) && !defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL) #define HASHED_PAGE_VIRTUAL #endif #if defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL) static inline void *page_address(const struct page *page) { return page->virtual; } static inline void set_page_address(struct page *page, void *address) { page->virtual = address; } #define page_address_init() do { } while(0) #endif #if defined(HASHED_PAGE_VIRTUAL) void *page_address(const struct page *page); void set_page_address(struct page *page, void *virtual); void page_address_init(void); #endif #if !defined(HASHED_PAGE_VIRTUAL) && !defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL) #define page_address(page) lowmem_page_address(page) #define set_page_address(page, address) do { } while(0) #define page_address_init() do { } while(0) #endif extern void *page_rmapping(struct page *page); extern struct anon_vma *page_anon_vma(struct page *page); extern struct address_space *page_mapping(struct page *page); extern struct address_space *__page_file_mapping(struct page *); static inline struct address_space *page_file_mapping(struct page *page) { if (unlikely(PageSwapCache(page))) return __page_file_mapping(page); return page->mapping; } extern pgoff_t __page_file_index(struct page *page); /* * Return the pagecache index of the passed page. Regular pagecache pages * use ->index whereas swapcache pages use swp_offset(->private) */ static inline pgoff_t page_index(struct page *page) { if (unlikely(PageSwapCache(page))) return __page_file_index(page); return page->index; } bool page_mapped(struct page *page); struct address_space *page_mapping(struct page *page); struct address_space *page_mapping_file(struct page *page); /* * Return true only if the page has been allocated with * ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS and the low watermark was not * met implying that the system is under some pressure. */ static inline bool page_is_pfmemalloc(struct page *page) { /* * Page index cannot be this large so this must be * a pfmemalloc page. */ return page->index == -1UL; } /* * Only to be called by the page allocator on a freshly allocated * page. */ static inline void set_page_pfmemalloc(struct page *page) { page->index = -1UL; } static inline void clear_page_pfmemalloc(struct page *page) { page->index = 0; } /* * Can be called by the pagefault handler when it gets a VM_FAULT_OOM. */ extern void pagefault_out_of_memory(void); #define offset_in_page(p) ((unsigned long)(p) & ~PAGE_MASK) #define offset_in_thp(page, p) ((unsigned long)(p) & (thp_size(page) - 1)) /* * Flags passed to show_mem() and show_free_areas() to suppress output in * various contexts. */ #define SHOW_MEM_FILTER_NODES (0x0001u) /* disallowed nodes */ extern void show_free_areas(unsigned int flags, nodemask_t *nodemask); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern bool can_do_mlock(void); #else static inline bool can_do_mlock(void) { return false; } #endif extern int user_shm_lock(size_t, struct user_struct *); extern void user_shm_unlock(size_t, struct user_struct *); /* * Parameter block passed down to zap_pte_range in exceptional cases. */ struct zap_details { struct address_space *check_mapping; /* Check page->mapping if set */ pgoff_t first_index; /* Lowest page->index to unmap */ pgoff_t last_index; /* Highest page->index to unmap */ struct page *single_page; /* Locked page to be unmapped */ }; struct page *vm_normal_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte); struct page *vm_normal_page_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t pmd); void zap_vma_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size); void zap_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size); void unmap_vmas(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *start_vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); struct mmu_notifier_range; void free_pgd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling); int copy_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma); int follow_invalidate_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, struct mmu_notifier_range *range, pte_t **ptepp, pmd_t **pmdpp, spinlock_t **ptlp); int follow_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t **ptepp, spinlock_t **ptlp); int follow_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long *pfn); int follow_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, unsigned long *prot, resource_size_t *phys); int generic_access_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, int write); extern void truncate_pagecache(struct inode *inode, loff_t new); extern void truncate_setsize(struct inode *inode, loff_t newsize); void pagecache_isize_extended(struct inode *inode, loff_t from, loff_t to); void truncate_pagecache_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t end); int truncate_inode_page(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page); int generic_error_remove_page(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page); int invalidate_inode_page(struct page *page); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern vm_fault_t handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, struct pt_regs *regs); extern int fixup_user_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned int fault_flags, bool *unlocked); void unmap_mapping_page(struct page *page); void unmap_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t nr, bool even_cows); void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen, int even_cows); #else static inline vm_fault_t handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, struct pt_regs *regs) { /* should never happen if there's no MMU */ BUG(); return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } static inline int fixup_user_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned int fault_flags, bool *unlocked) { /* should never happen if there's no MMU */ BUG(); return -EFAULT; } static inline void unmap_mapping_page(struct page *page) { } static inline void unmap_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t nr, bool even_cows) { } static inline void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen, int even_cows) { } #endif static inline void unmap_shared_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen) { unmap_mapping_range(mapping, holebegin, holelen, 0); } extern int access_process_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags); extern int access_remote_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags); extern int __access_remote_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags); long get_user_pages_remote(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas, int *locked); long pin_user_pages_remote(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas, int *locked); long get_user_pages(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas); long pin_user_pages(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas); long get_user_pages_locked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, int *locked); long pin_user_pages_locked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, int *locked); long get_user_pages_unlocked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, struct page **pages, unsigned int gup_flags); long pin_user_pages_unlocked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, struct page **pages, unsigned int gup_flags); int get_user_pages_fast(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages); int pin_user_pages_fast(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages); int account_locked_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pages, bool inc); int __account_locked_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pages, bool inc, struct task_struct *task, bool bypass_rlim); /* Container for pinned pfns / pages */ struct frame_vector { unsigned int nr_allocated; /* Number of frames we have space for */ unsigned int nr_frames; /* Number of frames stored in ptrs array */ bool got_ref; /* Did we pin pages by getting page ref? */ bool is_pfns; /* Does array contain pages or pfns? */ void *ptrs[]; /* Array of pinned pfns / pages. Use * pfns_vector_pages() or pfns_vector_pfns() * for access */ }; struct frame_vector *frame_vector_create(unsigned int nr_frames); void frame_vector_destroy(struct frame_vector *vec); int get_vaddr_frames(unsigned long start, unsigned int nr_pfns, unsigned int gup_flags, struct frame_vector *vec); void put_vaddr_frames(struct frame_vector *vec); int frame_vector_to_pages(struct frame_vector *vec); void frame_vector_to_pfns(struct frame_vector *vec); static inline unsigned int frame_vector_count(struct frame_vector *vec) { return vec->nr_frames; } static inline struct page **frame_vector_pages(struct frame_vector *vec) { if (vec->is_pfns) { int err = frame_vector_to_pages(vec); if (err) return ERR_PTR(err); } return (struct page **)(vec->ptrs); } static inline unsigned long *frame_vector_pfns(struct frame_vector *vec) { if (!vec->is_pfns) frame_vector_to_pfns(vec); return (unsigned long *)(vec->ptrs); } struct kvec; int get_kernel_pages(const struct kvec *iov, int nr_pages, int write, struct page **pages); int get_kernel_page(unsigned long start, int write, struct page **pages); struct page *get_dump_page(unsigned long addr); extern int try_to_release_page(struct page * page, gfp_t gfp_mask); extern void do_invalidatepage(struct page *page, unsigned int offset, unsigned int length); void __set_page_dirty(struct page *, struct address_space *, int warn); int __set_page_dirty_nobuffers(struct page *page); int __set_page_dirty_no_writeback(struct page *page); int redirty_page_for_writepage(struct writeback_control *wbc, struct page *page); void account_page_dirtied(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping); void account_page_cleaned(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping, struct bdi_writeback *wb); int set_page_dirty(struct page *page); int set_page_dirty_lock(struct page *page); void __cancel_dirty_page(struct page *page); static inline void cancel_dirty_page(struct page *page) { /* Avoid atomic ops, locking, etc. when not actually needed. */ if (PageDirty(page)) __cancel_dirty_page(page); } int clear_page_dirty_for_io(struct page *page); int get_cmdline(struct task_struct *task, char *buffer, int buflen); extern unsigned long move_page_tables(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long old_addr, struct vm_area_struct *new_vma, unsigned long new_addr, unsigned long len, bool need_rmap_locks); /* * Flags used by change_protection(). For now we make it a bitmap so * that we can pass in multiple flags just like parameters. However * for now all the callers are only use one of the flags at the same * time. */ /* Whether we should allow dirty bit accounting */ #define MM_CP_DIRTY_ACCT (1UL << 0) /* Whether this protection change is for NUMA hints */ #define MM_CP_PROT_NUMA (1UL << 1) /* Whether this change is for write protecting */ #define MM_CP_UFFD_WP (1UL << 2) /* do wp */ #define MM_CP_UFFD_WP_RESOLVE (1UL << 3) /* Resolve wp */ #define MM_CP_UFFD_WP_ALL (MM_CP_UFFD_WP | \ MM_CP_UFFD_WP_RESOLVE) extern unsigned long change_protection(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, pgprot_t newprot, unsigned long cp_flags); extern int mprotect_fixup(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct **pprev, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, unsigned long newflags); /* * doesn't attempt to fault and will return short. */ int get_user_pages_fast_only(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages); int pin_user_pages_fast_only(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages); static inline bool get_user_page_fast_only(unsigned long addr, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pagep) { return get_user_pages_fast_only(addr, 1, gup_flags, pagep) == 1; } /* * per-process(per-mm_struct) statistics. */ static inline unsigned long get_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member) { long val = atomic_long_read(&mm->rss_stat.count[member]); #ifdef SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING /* * counter is updated in asynchronous manner and may go to minus. * But it's never be expected number for users. */ if (val < 0) val = 0; #endif return (unsigned long)val; } void mm_trace_rss_stat(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long count); static inline void add_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long value) { long count = atomic_long_add_return(value, &mm->rss_stat.count[member]); mm_trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } static inline void inc_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member) { long count = atomic_long_inc_return(&mm->rss_stat.count[member]); mm_trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } static inline void dec_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member) { long count = atomic_long_dec_return(&mm->rss_stat.count[member]); mm_trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } /* Optimized variant when page is already known not to be PageAnon */ static inline int mm_counter_file(struct page *page) { if (PageSwapBacked(page)) return MM_SHMEMPAGES; return MM_FILEPAGES; } static inline int mm_counter(struct page *page) { if (PageAnon(page)) return MM_ANONPAGES; return mm_counter_file(page); } static inline unsigned long get_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { return get_mm_counter(mm, MM_FILEPAGES) + get_mm_counter(mm, MM_ANONPAGES) + get_mm_counter(mm, MM_SHMEMPAGES); } static inline unsigned long get_mm_hiwater_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { return max(mm->hiwater_rss, get_mm_rss(mm)); } static inline unsigned long get_mm_hiwater_vm(struct mm_struct *mm) { return max(mm->hiwater_vm, mm->total_vm); } static inline void update_hiwater_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { unsigned long _rss = get_mm_rss(mm); if ((mm)->hiwater_rss < _rss) (mm)->hiwater_rss = _rss; } static inline void update_hiwater_vm(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm->hiwater_vm < mm->total_vm) mm->hiwater_vm = mm->total_vm; } static inline void reset_mm_hiwater_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { mm->hiwater_rss = get_mm_rss(mm); } static inline void setmax_mm_hiwater_rss(unsigned long *maxrss, struct mm_struct *mm) { unsigned long hiwater_rss = get_mm_hiwater_rss(mm); if (*maxrss < hiwater_rss) *maxrss = hiwater_rss; } #if defined(SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING) void sync_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm); #else static inline void sync_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { } #endif #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL static inline int pte_special(pte_t pte) { return 0; } static inline pte_t pte_mkspecial(pte_t pte) { return pte; } #endif #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_DEVMAP static inline int pte_devmap(pte_t pte) { return 0; } #endif int vma_wants_writenotify(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgprot_t vm_page_prot); extern pte_t *__get_locked_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, spinlock_t **ptl); static inline pte_t *get_locked_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, spinlock_t **ptl) { pte_t *ptep; __cond_lock(*ptl, ptep = __get_locked_pte(mm, addr, ptl)); return ptep; } #ifdef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED static inline int __p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { return 0; } #else int __p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address); #endif #if defined(__PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED) || !defined(CONFIG_MMU) static inline int __pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address) { return 0; } static inline void mm_inc_nr_puds(struct mm_struct *mm) {} static inline void mm_dec_nr_puds(struct mm_struct *mm) {} #else int __pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address); static inline void mm_inc_nr_puds(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm_pud_folded(mm)) return; atomic_long_add(PTRS_PER_PUD * sizeof(pud_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } static inline void mm_dec_nr_puds(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm_pud_folded(mm)) return; atomic_long_sub(PTRS_PER_PUD * sizeof(pud_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } #endif #if defined(__PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED) || !defined(CONFIG_MMU) static inline int __pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address) { return 0; } static inline void mm_inc_nr_pmds(struct mm_struct *mm) {} static inline void mm_dec_nr_pmds(struct mm_struct *mm) {} #else int __pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address); static inline void mm_inc_nr_pmds(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm_pmd_folded(mm)) return; atomic_long_add(PTRS_PER_PMD * sizeof(pmd_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } static inline void mm_dec_nr_pmds(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm_pmd_folded(mm)) return; atomic_long_sub(PTRS_PER_PMD * sizeof(pmd_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MMU static inline void mm_pgtables_bytes_init(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_long_set(&mm->pgtables_bytes, 0); } static inline unsigned long mm_pgtables_bytes(const struct mm_struct *mm) { return atomic_long_read(&mm->pgtables_bytes); } static inline void mm_inc_nr_ptes(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_long_add(PTRS_PER_PTE * sizeof(pte_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } static inline void mm_dec_nr_ptes(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_long_sub(PTRS_PER_PTE * sizeof(pte_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } #else static inline void mm_pgtables_bytes_init(struct mm_struct *mm) {} static inline unsigned long mm_pgtables_bytes(const struct mm_struct *mm) { return 0; } static inline void mm_inc_nr_ptes(struct mm_struct *mm) {} static inline void mm_dec_nr_ptes(struct mm_struct *mm) {} #endif int __pte_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd); int __pte_alloc_kernel(pmd_t *pmd); #if defined(CONFIG_MMU) static inline p4d_t *p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { return (unlikely(pgd_none(*pgd)) && __p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, address)) ? NULL : p4d_offset(pgd, address); } static inline pud_t *pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address) { return (unlikely(p4d_none(*p4d)) && __pud_alloc(mm, p4d, address)) ? NULL : pud_offset(p4d, address); } static inline pmd_t *pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address) { return (unlikely(pud_none(*pud)) && __pmd_alloc(mm, pud, address))? NULL: pmd_offset(pud, address); } #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ #if USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS #if ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS void __init ptlock_cache_init(void); extern bool ptlock_alloc(struct page *page); extern void ptlock_free(struct page *page); static inline spinlock_t *ptlock_ptr(struct page *page) { return page->ptl; } #else /* ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS */ static inline void ptlock_cache_init(void) { } static inline bool ptlock_alloc(struct page *page) { return true; } static inline void ptlock_free(struct page *page) { } static inline spinlock_t *ptlock_ptr(struct page *page) { return &page->ptl; } #endif /* ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS */ static inline spinlock_t *pte_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { return ptlock_ptr(pmd_page(*pmd)); } static inline bool ptlock_init(struct page *page) { /* * prep_new_page() initialize page->private (and therefore page->ptl) * with 0. Make sure nobody took it in use in between. * * It can happen if arch try to use slab for page table allocation: * slab code uses page->slab_cache, which share storage with page->ptl. */ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(*(unsigned long *)&page->ptl, page); if (!ptlock_alloc(page)) return false; spin_lock_init(ptlock_ptr(page)); return true; } #else /* !USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS */ /* * We use mm->page_table_lock to guard all pagetable pages of the mm. */ static inline spinlock_t *pte_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { return &mm->page_table_lock; } static inline void ptlock_cache_init(void) {} static inline bool ptlock_init(struct page *page) { return true; } static inline void ptlock_free(struct page *page) {} #endif /* USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS */ static inline void pgtable_init(void) { ptlock_cache_init(); pgtable_cache_init(); } static inline bool pgtable_pte_page_ctor(struct page *page) { if (!ptlock_init(page)) return false; __SetPageTable(page); inc_zone_page_state(page, NR_PAGETABLE); return true; } static inline void pgtable_pte_page_dtor(struct page *page) { ptlock_free(page); __ClearPageTable(page); dec_zone_page_state(page, NR_PAGETABLE); } #define pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp) \ ({ \ spinlock_t *__ptl = pte_lockptr(mm, pmd); \ pte_t *__pte = pte_offset_map(pmd, address); \ *(ptlp) = __ptl; \ spin_lock(__ptl); \ __pte; \ }) #define pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl) do { \ spin_unlock(ptl); \ pte_unmap(pte); \ } while (0) #define pte_alloc(mm, pmd) (unlikely(pmd_none(*(pmd))) && __pte_alloc(mm, pmd)) #define pte_alloc_map(mm, pmd, address) \ (pte_alloc(mm, pmd) ? NULL : pte_offset_map(pmd, address)) #define pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp) \ (pte_alloc(mm, pmd) ? \ NULL : pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp)) #define pte_alloc_kernel(pmd, address) \ ((unlikely(pmd_none(*(pmd))) && __pte_alloc_kernel(pmd))? \ NULL: pte_offset_kernel(pmd, address)) #if USE_SPLIT_PMD_PTLOCKS static struct page *pmd_to_page(pmd_t *pmd) { unsigned long mask = ~(PTRS_PER_PMD * sizeof(pmd_t) - 1); return virt_to_page((void *)((unsigned long) pmd & mask)); } static inline spinlock_t *pmd_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { return ptlock_ptr(pmd_to_page(pmd)); } static inline bool pmd_ptlock_init(struct page *page) { #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE page->pmd_huge_pte = NULL; #endif return ptlock_init(page); } static inline void pmd_ptlock_free(struct page *page) { #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page->pmd_huge_pte, page); #endif ptlock_free(page); } #define pmd_huge_pte(mm, pmd) (pmd_to_page(pmd)->pmd_huge_pte) #else static inline spinlock_t *pmd_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { return &mm->page_table_lock; } static inline bool pmd_ptlock_init(struct page *page) { return true; } static inline void pmd_ptlock_free(struct page *page) {} #define pmd_huge_pte(mm, pmd) ((mm)->pmd_huge_pte) #endif static inline spinlock_t *pmd_lock(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { spinlock_t *ptl = pmd_lockptr(mm, pmd); spin_lock(ptl); return ptl; } static inline bool pgtable_pmd_page_ctor(struct page *page) { if (!pmd_ptlock_init(page)) return false; __SetPageTable(page); inc_zone_page_state(page, NR_PAGETABLE); return true; } static inline void pgtable_pmd_page_dtor(struct page *page) { pmd_ptlock_free(page); __ClearPageTable(page); dec_zone_page_state(page, NR_PAGETABLE); } /* * No scalability reason to split PUD locks yet, but follow the same pattern * as the PMD locks to make it easier if we decide to. The VM should not be * considered ready to switch to split PUD locks yet; there may be places * which need to be converted from page_table_lock. */ static inline spinlock_t *pud_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud) { return &mm->page_table_lock; } static inline spinlock_t *pud_lock(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud) { spinlock_t *ptl = pud_lockptr(mm, pud); spin_lock(ptl); return ptl; } extern void __init pagecache_init(void); extern void __init free_area_init_memoryless_node(int nid); extern void free_initmem(void); /* * Free reserved pages within range [PAGE_ALIGN(start), end & PAGE_MASK) * into the buddy system. The freed pages will be poisoned with pattern * "poison" if it's within range [0, UCHAR_MAX]. * Return pages freed into the buddy system. */ extern unsigned long free_reserved_area(void *start, void *end, int poison, const char *s); #ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM /* * Free a highmem page into the buddy system, adjusting totalhigh_pages * and totalram_pages. */ extern void free_highmem_page(struct page *page); #endif extern void adjust_managed_page_count(struct page *page, long count); extern void mem_init_print_info(const char *str); extern void reserve_bootmem_region(phys_addr_t start, phys_addr_t end); /* Free the reserved page into the buddy system, so it gets managed. */ static inline void __free_reserved_page(struct page *page) { ClearPageReserved(page); init_page_count(page); __free_page(page); } static inline void free_reserved_page(struct page *page) { __free_reserved_page(page); adjust_managed_page_count(page, 1); } static inline void mark_page_reserved(struct page *page) { SetPageReserved(page); adjust_managed_page_count(page, -1); } /* * Default method to free all the __init memory into the buddy system. * The freed pages will be poisoned with pattern "poison" if it's within * range [0, UCHAR_MAX]. * Return pages freed into the buddy system. */ static inline unsigned long free_initmem_default(int poison) { extern char __init_begin[], __init_end[]; return free_reserved_area(&__init_begin, &__init_end, poison, "unused kernel"); } static inline unsigned long get_num_physpages(void) { int nid; unsigned long phys_pages = 0; for_each_online_node(nid) phys_pages += node_present_pages(nid); return phys_pages; } /* * Using memblock node mappings, an architecture may initialise its * zones, allocate the backing mem_map and account for memory holes in an * architecture independent manner. * * An architecture is expected to register range of page frames backed by * physical memory with memblock_add[_node]() before calling * free_area_init() passing in the PFN each zone ends at. At a basic * usage, an architecture is expected to do something like * * unsigned long max_zone_pfns[MAX_NR_ZONES] = {max_dma, max_normal_pfn, * max_highmem_pfn}; * for_each_valid_physical_page_range() * memblock_add_node(base, size, nid) * free_area_init(max_zone_pfns); */ void free_area_init(unsigned long *max_zone_pfn); unsigned long node_map_pfn_alignment(void); unsigned long __absent_pages_in_range(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn); extern unsigned long absent_pages_in_range(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn); extern void get_pfn_range_for_nid(unsigned int nid, unsigned long *start_pfn, unsigned long *end_pfn); extern unsigned long find_min_pfn_with_active_regions(void); #ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES static inline int early_pfn_to_nid(unsigned long pfn) { return 0; } #else /* please see mm/page_alloc.c */ extern int __meminit early_pfn_to_nid(unsigned long pfn); /* there is a per-arch backend function. */ extern int __meminit __early_pfn_to_nid(unsigned long pfn, struct mminit_pfnnid_cache *state); #endif extern void set_dma_reserve(unsigned long new_dma_reserve); extern void memmap_init_zone(unsigned long, int, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, enum meminit_context, struct vmem_altmap *, int migratetype); extern void setup_per_zone_wmarks(void); extern int __meminit init_per_zone_wmark_min(void); extern void mem_init(void); extern void __init mmap_init(void); extern void show_mem(unsigned int flags, nodemask_t *nodemask); extern long si_mem_available(void); extern void si_meminfo(struct sysinfo * val); extern void si_meminfo_node(struct sysinfo *val, int nid); #ifdef __HAVE_ARCH_RESERVED_KERNEL_PAGES extern unsigned long arch_reserved_kernel_pages(void); #endif extern __printf(3, 4) void warn_alloc(gfp_t gfp_mask, nodemask_t *nodemask, const char *fmt, ...); extern void setup_per_cpu_pageset(void); /* page_alloc.c */ extern int min_free_kbytes; extern int watermark_boost_factor; extern int watermark_scale_factor; extern bool arch_has_descending_max_zone_pfns(void); /* nommu.c */ extern atomic_long_t mmap_pages_allocated; extern int nommu_shrink_inode_mappings(struct inode *, size_t, size_t); /* interval_tree.c */ void vma_interval_tree_insert(struct vm_area_struct *node, struct rb_root_cached *root); void vma_interval_tree_insert_after(struct vm_area_struct *node, struct vm_area_struct *prev, struct rb_root_cached *root); void vma_interval_tree_remove(struct vm_area_struct *node, struct rb_root_cached *root); struct vm_area_struct *vma_interval_tree_iter_first(struct rb_root_cached *root, unsigned long start, unsigned long last); struct vm_area_struct *vma_interval_tree_iter_next(struct vm_area_struct *node, unsigned long start, unsigned long last); #define vma_interval_tree_foreach(vma, root, start, last) \ for (vma = vma_interval_tree_iter_first(root, start, last); \ vma; vma = vma_interval_tree_iter_next(vma, start, last)) void anon_vma_interval_tree_insert(struct anon_vma_chain *node, struct rb_root_cached *root); void anon_vma_interval_tree_remove(struct anon_vma_chain *node, struct rb_root_cached *root); struct anon_vma_chain * anon_vma_interval_tree_iter_first(struct rb_root_cached *root, unsigned long start, unsigned long last); struct anon_vma_chain *anon_vma_interval_tree_iter_next( struct anon_vma_chain *node, unsigned long start, unsigned long last); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_RB void anon_vma_interval_tree_verify(struct anon_vma_chain *node); #endif #define anon_vma_interval_tree_foreach(avc, root, start, last) \ for (avc = anon_vma_interval_tree_iter_first(root, start, last); \ avc; avc = anon_vma_interval_tree_iter_next(avc, start, last)) /* mmap.c */ extern int __vm_enough_memory(struct mm_struct *mm, long pages, int cap_sys_admin); extern int __vma_adjust(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, pgoff_t pgoff, struct vm_area_struct *insert, struct vm_area_struct *expand); static inline int vma_adjust(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, pgoff_t pgoff, struct vm_area_struct *insert) { return __vma_adjust(vma, start, end, pgoff, insert, NULL); } extern struct vm_area_struct *vma_merge(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *prev, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long vm_flags, struct anon_vma *, struct file *, pgoff_t, struct mempolicy *, struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx); extern struct anon_vma *find_mergeable_anon_vma(struct vm_area_struct *); extern int __split_vma(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long addr, int new_below); extern int split_vma(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long addr, int new_below); extern int insert_vm_struct(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *); extern void __vma_link_rb(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *, struct rb_node **, struct rb_node *); extern void unlink_file_vma(struct vm_area_struct *); extern struct vm_area_struct *copy_vma(struct vm_area_struct **, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, pgoff_t pgoff, bool *need_rmap_locks); extern void exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *); static inline int check_data_rlimit(unsigned long rlim, unsigned long new, unsigned long start, unsigned long end_data, unsigned long start_data) { if (rlim < RLIM_INFINITY) { if (((new - start) + (end_data - start_data)) > rlim) return -ENOSPC; } return 0; } extern int mm_take_all_locks(struct mm_struct *mm); extern void mm_drop_all_locks(struct mm_struct *mm); extern void set_mm_exe_file(struct mm_struct *mm, struct file *new_exe_file); extern struct file *get_mm_exe_file(struct mm_struct *mm); extern struct file *get_task_exe_file(struct task_struct *task); extern bool may_expand_vm(struct mm_struct *, vm_flags_t, unsigned long npages); extern void vm_stat_account(struct mm_struct *, vm_flags_t, long npages); extern bool vma_is_special_mapping(const struct vm_area_struct *vma, const struct vm_special_mapping *sm); extern struct vm_area_struct *_install_special_mapping(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long flags, const struct vm_special_mapping *spec); /* This is an obsolete alternative to _install_special_mapping. */ extern int install_special_mapping(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long flags, struct page **pages); unsigned long randomize_stack_top(unsigned long stack_top); extern unsigned long get_unmapped_area(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern unsigned long mmap_region(struct file *file, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, vm_flags_t vm_flags, unsigned long pgoff, struct list_head *uf); extern unsigned long do_mmap(struct file *file, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long prot, unsigned long flags, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long *populate, struct list_head *uf); extern int __do_munmap(struct mm_struct *, unsigned long, size_t, struct list_head *uf, bool downgrade); extern int do_munmap(struct mm_struct *, unsigned long, size_t, struct list_head *uf); extern int do_madvise(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, size_t len_in, int behavior); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern int __mm_populate(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, int ignore_errors); static inline void mm_populate(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len) { /* Ignore errors */ (void) __mm_populate(addr, len, 1); } #else static inline void mm_populate(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len) {} #endif /* These take the mm semaphore themselves */ extern int __must_check vm_brk(unsigned long, unsigned long); extern int __must_check vm_brk_flags(unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern int vm_munmap(unsigned long, size_t); extern unsigned long __must_check vm_mmap(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); struct vm_unmapped_area_info { #define VM_UNMAPPED_AREA_TOPDOWN 1 unsigned long flags; unsigned long length; unsigned long low_limit; unsigned long high_limit; unsigned long align_mask; unsigned long align_offset; }; extern unsigned long vm_unmapped_area(struct vm_unmapped_area_info *info); /* truncate.c */ extern void truncate_inode_pages(struct address_space *, loff_t); extern void truncate_inode_pages_range(struct address_space *, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); extern void truncate_inode_pages_final(struct address_space *); /* generic vm_area_ops exported for stackable file systems */ extern vm_fault_t filemap_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf); extern void filemap_map_pages(struct vm_fault *vmf, pgoff_t start_pgoff, pgoff_t end_pgoff); extern vm_fault_t filemap_page_mkwrite(struct vm_fault *vmf); /* mm/page-writeback.c */ int __must_check write_one_page(struct page *page); void task_dirty_inc(struct task_struct *tsk); extern unsigned long stack_guard_gap; /* Generic expand stack which grows the stack according to GROWS{UP,DOWN} */ extern int expand_stack(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address); /* CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP still needs to grow downwards at some places */ extern int expand_downwards(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address); #if VM_GROWSUP extern int expand_upwards(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address); #else #define expand_upwards(vma, address) (0) #endif /* Look up the first VMA which satisfies addr < vm_end, NULL if none. */ extern struct vm_area_struct * find_vma(struct mm_struct * mm, unsigned long addr); extern struct vm_area_struct * find_vma_prev(struct mm_struct * mm, unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct **pprev); /* Look up the first VMA which intersects the interval start_addr..end_addr-1, NULL if none. Assume start_addr < end_addr. */ static inline struct vm_area_struct * find_vma_intersection(struct mm_struct * mm, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr) { struct vm_area_struct * vma = find_vma(mm,start_addr); if (vma && end_addr <= vma->vm_start) vma = NULL; return vma; } static inline unsigned long vm_start_gap(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { unsigned long vm_start = vma->vm_start; if (vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSDOWN) { vm_start -= stack_guard_gap; if (vm_start > vma->vm_start) vm_start = 0; } return vm_start; } static inline unsigned long vm_end_gap(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { unsigned long vm_end = vma->vm_end; if (vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSUP) { vm_end += stack_guard_gap; if (vm_end < vma->vm_end) vm_end = -PAGE_SIZE; } return vm_end; } static inline unsigned long vma_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return (vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; } /* Look up the first VMA which exactly match the interval vm_start ... vm_end */ static inline struct vm_area_struct *find_exact_vma(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vm_start, unsigned long vm_end) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = find_vma(mm, vm_start); if (vma && (vma->vm_start != vm_start || vma->vm_end != vm_end)) vma = NULL; return vma; } static inline bool range_in_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { return (vma && vma->vm_start <= start && end <= vma->vm_end); } #ifdef CONFIG_MMU pgprot_t vm_get_page_prot(unsigned long vm_flags); void vma_set_page_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #else static inline pgprot_t vm_get_page_prot(unsigned long vm_flags) { return __pgprot(0); } static inline void vma_set_page_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { vma->vm_page_prot = vm_get_page_prot(vma->vm_flags); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING unsigned long change_prot_numa(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); #endif struct vm_area_struct *find_extend_vma(struct mm_struct *, unsigned long addr); int remap_pfn_range(struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t); int vm_insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long addr, struct page *); int vm_insert_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page **pages, unsigned long *num); int vm_map_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num); int vm_map_pages_zero(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t pgprot); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn); int vm_iomap_memory(struct vm_area_struct *vma, phys_addr_t start, unsigned long len); static inline vm_fault_t vmf_insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page *page) { int err = vm_insert_page(vma, addr, page); if (err == -ENOMEM) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (err < 0 && err != -EBUSY) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } #ifndef io_remap_pfn_range static inline int io_remap_pfn_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot) { return remap_pfn_range(vma, addr, pfn, size, pgprot_decrypted(prot)); } #endif static inline vm_fault_t vmf_error(int err) { if (err == -ENOMEM) return VM_FAULT_OOM; return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } struct page *follow_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int foll_flags); #define FOLL_WRITE 0x01 /* check pte is writable */ #define FOLL_TOUCH 0x02 /* mark page accessed */ #define FOLL_GET 0x04 /* do get_page on page */ #define FOLL_DUMP 0x08 /* give error on hole if it would be zero */ #define FOLL_FORCE 0x10 /* get_user_pages read/write w/o permission */ #define FOLL_NOWAIT 0x20 /* if a disk transfer is needed, start the IO * and return without waiting upon it */ #define FOLL_POPULATE 0x40 /* fault in page */ #define FOLL_SPLIT 0x80 /* don't return transhuge pages, split them */ #define FOLL_HWPOISON 0x100 /* check page is hwpoisoned */ #define FOLL_NUMA 0x200 /* force NUMA hinting page fault */ #define FOLL_MIGRATION 0x400 /* wait for page to replace migration entry */ #define FOLL_TRIED 0x800 /* a retry, previous pass started an IO */ #define FOLL_MLOCK 0x1000 /* lock present pages */ #define FOLL_REMOTE 0x2000 /* we are working on non-current tsk/mm */ #define FOLL_COW 0x4000 /* internal GUP flag */ #define FOLL_ANON 0x8000 /* don't do file mappings */ #define FOLL_LONGTERM 0x10000 /* mapping lifetime is indefinite: see below */ #define FOLL_SPLIT_PMD 0x20000 /* split huge pmd before returning */ #define FOLL_PIN 0x40000 /* pages must be released via unpin_user_page */ #define FOLL_FAST_ONLY 0x80000 /* gup_fast: prevent fall-back to slow gup */ /* * FOLL_PIN and FOLL_LONGTERM may be used in various combinations with each * other. Here is what they mean, and how to use them: * * FOLL_LONGTERM indicates that the page will be held for an indefinite time * period _often_ under userspace control. This is in contrast to * iov_iter_get_pages(), whose usages are transient. * * FIXME: For pages which are part of a filesystem, mappings are subject to the * lifetime enforced by the filesystem and we need guarantees that longterm * users like RDMA and V4L2 only establish mappings which coordinate usage with * the filesystem. Ideas for this coordination include revoking the longterm * pin, delaying writeback, bounce buffer page writeback, etc. As FS DAX was * added after the problem with filesystems was found FS DAX VMAs are * specifically failed. Filesystem pages are still subject to bugs and use of * FOLL_LONGTERM should be avoided on those pages. * * FIXME: Also NOTE that FOLL_LONGTERM is not supported in every GUP call. * Currently only get_user_pages() and get_user_pages_fast() support this flag * and calls to get_user_pages_[un]locked are specifically not allowed. This * is due to an incompatibility with the FS DAX check and * FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY. * * In the CMA case: long term pins in a CMA region would unnecessarily fragment * that region. And so, CMA attempts to migrate the page before pinning, when * FOLL_LONGTERM is specified. * * FOLL_PIN indicates that a special kind of tracking (not just page->_refcount, * but an additional pin counting system) will be invoked. This is intended for * anything that gets a page reference and then touches page data (for example, * Direct IO). This lets the filesystem know that some non-file-system entity is * potentially changing the pages' data. In contrast to FOLL_GET (whose pages * are released via put_page()), FOLL_PIN pages must be released, ultimately, by * a call to unpin_user_page(). * * FOLL_PIN is similar to FOLL_GET: both of these pin pages. They use different * and separate refcounting mechanisms, however, and that means that each has * its own acquire and release mechanisms: * * FOLL_GET: get_user_pages*() to acquire, and put_page() to release. * * FOLL_PIN: pin_user_pages*() to acquire, and unpin_user_pages to release. * * FOLL_PIN and FOLL_GET are mutually exclusive for a given function call. * (The underlying pages may experience both FOLL_GET-based and FOLL_PIN-based * calls applied to them, and that's perfectly OK. This is a constraint on the * callers, not on the pages.) * * FOLL_PIN should be set internally by the pin_user_pages*() APIs, never * directly by the caller. That's in order to help avoid mismatches when * releasing pages: get_user_pages*() pages must be released via put_page(), * while pin_user_pages*() pages must be released via unpin_user_page(). * * Please see Documentation/core-api/pin_user_pages.rst for more information. */ static inline int vm_fault_to_errno(vm_fault_t vm_fault, int foll_flags) { if (vm_fault & VM_FAULT_OOM) return -ENOMEM; if (vm_fault & (VM_FAULT_HWPOISON | VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE)) return (foll_flags & FOLL_HWPOISON) ? -EHWPOISON : -EFAULT; if (vm_fault & (VM_FAULT_SIGBUS | VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV)) return -EFAULT; return 0; } typedef int (*pte_fn_t)(pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, void *data); extern int apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data); extern int apply_to_existing_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data); #ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_POISONING extern bool page_poisoning_enabled(void); extern void kernel_poison_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable); #else static inline bool page_poisoning_enabled(void) { return false; } static inline void kernel_poison_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_INIT_ON_ALLOC_DEFAULT_ON DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(init_on_alloc); #else DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(init_on_alloc); #endif static inline bool want_init_on_alloc(gfp_t flags) { if (static_branch_unlikely(&init_on_alloc) && !page_poisoning_enabled()) return true; return flags & __GFP_ZERO; } #ifdef CONFIG_INIT_ON_FREE_DEFAULT_ON DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(init_on_free); #else DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(init_on_free); #endif static inline bool want_init_on_free(void) { return static_branch_unlikely(&init_on_free) && !page_poisoning_enabled(); } #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC extern void init_debug_pagealloc(void); #else static inline void init_debug_pagealloc(void) {} #endif extern bool _debug_pagealloc_enabled_early; DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(_debug_pagealloc_enabled); static inline bool debug_pagealloc_enabled(void) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC) && _debug_pagealloc_enabled_early; } /* * For use in fast paths after init_debug_pagealloc() has run, or when a * false negative result is not harmful when called too early. */ static inline bool debug_pagealloc_enabled_static(void) { if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC)) return false; return static_branch_unlikely(&_debug_pagealloc_enabled); } #if defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC) || defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SET_DIRECT_MAP) extern void __kernel_map_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable); /* * When called in DEBUG_PAGEALLOC context, the call should most likely be * guarded by debug_pagealloc_enabled() or debug_pagealloc_enabled_static() */ static inline void kernel_map_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable) { __kernel_map_pages(page, numpages, enable); } #ifdef CONFIG_HIBERNATION extern bool kernel_page_present(struct page *page); #endif /* CONFIG_HIBERNATION */ #else /* CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC || CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SET_DIRECT_MAP */ static inline void kernel_map_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable) {} #ifdef CONFIG_HIBERNATION static inline bool kernel_page_present(struct page *page) { return true; } #endif /* CONFIG_HIBERNATION */ #endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC || CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SET_DIRECT_MAP */ #ifdef __HAVE_ARCH_GATE_AREA extern struct vm_area_struct *get_gate_vma(struct mm_struct *mm); extern int in_gate_area_no_mm(unsigned long addr); extern int in_gate_area(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr); #else static inline struct vm_area_struct *get_gate_vma(struct mm_struct *mm) { return NULL; } static inline int in_gate_area_no_mm(unsigned long addr) { return 0; } static inline int in_gate_area(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { return 0; } #endif /* __HAVE_ARCH_GATE_AREA */ extern bool process_shares_mm(struct task_struct *p, struct mm_struct *mm); #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL extern int sysctl_drop_caches; int drop_caches_sysctl_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); #endif void drop_slab(void); void drop_slab_node(int nid); #ifndef CONFIG_MMU #define randomize_va_space 0 #else extern int randomize_va_space; #endif const char * arch_vma_name(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU void print_vma_addr(char *prefix, unsigned long rip); #else static inline void print_vma_addr(char *prefix, unsigned long rip) { } #endif void *sparse_buffer_alloc(unsigned long size); struct page * __populate_section_memmap(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages, int nid, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); pgd_t *vmemmap_pgd_populate(unsigned long addr, int node); p4d_t *vmemmap_p4d_populate(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, int node); pud_t *vmemmap_pud_populate(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, int node); pmd_t *vmemmap_pmd_populate(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, int node); pte_t *vmemmap_pte_populate(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, int node, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); void *vmemmap_alloc_block(unsigned long size, int node); struct vmem_altmap; void *vmemmap_alloc_block_buf(unsigned long size, int node, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); void vmemmap_verify(pte_t *, int, unsigned long, unsigned long); int vmemmap_populate_basepages(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, int node, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); int vmemmap_populate(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, int node, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); void vmemmap_populate_print_last(void); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG void vmemmap_free(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); #endif void register_page_bootmem_memmap(unsigned long section_nr, struct page *map, unsigned long nr_pages); enum mf_flags { MF_COUNT_INCREASED = 1 << 0, MF_ACTION_REQUIRED = 1 << 1, MF_MUST_KILL = 1 << 2, MF_SOFT_OFFLINE = 1 << 3, }; extern int memory_failure(unsigned long pfn, int flags); extern void memory_failure_queue(unsigned long pfn, int flags); extern void memory_failure_queue_kick(int cpu); extern int unpoison_memory(unsigned long pfn); extern int sysctl_memory_failure_early_kill; extern int sysctl_memory_failure_recovery; extern void shake_page(struct page *p, int access); extern atomic_long_t num_poisoned_pages __read_mostly; extern int soft_offline_page(unsigned long pfn, int flags); /* * Error handlers for various types of pages. */ enum mf_result { MF_IGNORED, /* Error: cannot be handled */ MF_FAILED, /* Error: handling failed */ MF_DELAYED, /* Will be handled later */ MF_RECOVERED, /* Successfully recovered */ }; enum mf_action_page_type { MF_MSG_KERNEL, MF_MSG_KERNEL_HIGH_ORDER, MF_MSG_SLAB, MF_MSG_DIFFERENT_COMPOUND, MF_MSG_POISONED_HUGE, MF_MSG_HUGE, MF_MSG_FREE_HUGE, MF_MSG_NON_PMD_HUGE, MF_MSG_UNMAP_FAILED, MF_MSG_DIRTY_SWAPCACHE, MF_MSG_CLEAN_SWAPCACHE, MF_MSG_DIRTY_MLOCKED_LRU, MF_MSG_CLEAN_MLOCKED_LRU, MF_MSG_DIRTY_UNEVICTABLE_LRU, MF_MSG_CLEAN_UNEVICTABLE_LRU, MF_MSG_DIRTY_LRU, MF_MSG_CLEAN_LRU, MF_MSG_TRUNCATED_LRU, MF_MSG_BUDDY, MF_MSG_BUDDY_2ND, MF_MSG_DAX, MF_MSG_UNSPLIT_THP, MF_MSG_UNKNOWN, }; #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) || defined(CONFIG_HUGETLBFS) extern void clear_huge_page(struct page *page, unsigned long addr_hint, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page); extern void copy_user_huge_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, unsigned long addr_hint, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page); extern long copy_huge_page_from_user(struct page *dst_page, const void __user *usr_src, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page, bool allow_pagefault); /** * vma_is_special_huge - Are transhuge page-table entries considered special? * @vma: Pointer to the struct vm_area_struct to consider * * Whether transhuge page-table entries are considered "special" following * the definition in vm_normal_page(). * * Return: true if transhuge page-table entries should be considered special, * false otherwise. */ static inline bool vma_is_special_huge(const struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return vma_is_dax(vma) || (vma->vm_file && (vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP))); } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE || CONFIG_HUGETLBFS */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC extern unsigned int _debug_guardpage_minorder; DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(_debug_guardpage_enabled); static inline unsigned int debug_guardpage_minorder(void) { return _debug_guardpage_minorder; } static inline bool debug_guardpage_enabled(void) { return static_branch_unlikely(&_debug_guardpage_enabled); } static inline bool page_is_guard(struct page *page) { if (!debug_guardpage_enabled()) return false; return PageGuard(page); } #else static inline unsigned int debug_guardpage_minorder(void) { return 0; } static inline bool debug_guardpage_enabled(void) { return false; } static inline bool page_is_guard(struct page *page) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC */ #if MAX_NUMNODES > 1 void __init setup_nr_node_ids(void); #else static inline void setup_nr_node_ids(void) {} #endif extern int memcmp_pages(struct page *page1, struct page *page2); static inline int pages_identical(struct page *page1, struct page *page2) { return !memcmp_pages(page1, page2); } #ifdef CONFIG_MAPPING_DIRTY_HELPERS unsigned long clean_record_shared_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t first_index, pgoff_t nr, pgoff_t bitmap_pgoff, unsigned long *bitmap, pgoff_t *start, pgoff_t *end); unsigned long wp_shared_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t first_index, pgoff_t nr); #endif extern int sysctl_nr_trim_pages; /** * seal_check_future_write - Check for F_SEAL_FUTURE_WRITE flag and handle it * @seals: the seals to check * @vma: the vma to operate on * * Check whether F_SEAL_FUTURE_WRITE is set; if so, do proper check/handling on * the vma flags. Return 0 if check pass, or <0 for errors. */ static inline int seal_check_future_write(int seals, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (seals & F_SEAL_FUTURE_WRITE) { /* * New PROT_WRITE and MAP_SHARED mmaps are not allowed when * "future write" seal active. */ if ((vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) && (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE)) return -EPERM; /* * Since an F_SEAL_FUTURE_WRITE sealed memfd can be mapped as * MAP_SHARED and read-only, take care to not allow mprotect to * revert protections on such mappings. Do this only for shared * mappings. For private mappings, don't need to mask * VM_MAYWRITE as we still want them to be COW-writable. */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) vma->vm_flags &= ~(VM_MAYWRITE); } return 0; } #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #endif /* _LINUX_MM_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_MMAN_H #define _LINUX_MMAN_H #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/percpu_counter.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <uapi/linux/mman.h> /* * Arrange for legacy / undefined architecture specific flags to be * ignored by mmap handling code. */ #ifndef MAP_32BIT #define MAP_32BIT 0 #endif #ifndef MAP_HUGE_2MB #define MAP_HUGE_2MB 0 #endif #ifndef MAP_HUGE_1GB #define MAP_HUGE_1GB 0 #endif #ifndef MAP_UNINITIALIZED #define MAP_UNINITIALIZED 0 #endif #ifndef MAP_SYNC #define MAP_SYNC 0 #endif /* * The historical set of flags that all mmap implementations implicitly * support when a ->mmap_validate() op is not provided in file_operations. */ #define LEGACY_MAP_MASK (MAP_SHARED \ | MAP_PRIVATE \ | MAP_FIXED \ | MAP_ANONYMOUS \ | MAP_DENYWRITE \ | MAP_EXECUTABLE \ | MAP_UNINITIALIZED \ | MAP_GROWSDOWN \ | MAP_LOCKED \ | MAP_NORESERVE \ | MAP_POPULATE \ | MAP_NONBLOCK \ | MAP_STACK \ | MAP_HUGETLB \ | MAP_32BIT \ | MAP_HUGE_2MB \ | MAP_HUGE_1GB) extern int sysctl_overcommit_memory; extern int sysctl_overcommit_ratio; extern unsigned long sysctl_overcommit_kbytes; extern struct percpu_counter vm_committed_as; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP extern s32 vm_committed_as_batch; extern void mm_compute_batch(int overcommit_policy); #else #define vm_committed_as_batch 0 static inline void mm_compute_batch(int overcommit_policy) { } #endif unsigned long vm_memory_committed(void); static inline void vm_acct_memory(long pages) { percpu_counter_add_batch(&vm_committed_as, pages, vm_committed_as_batch); } static inline void vm_unacct_memory(long pages) { vm_acct_memory(-pages); } /* * Allow architectures to handle additional protection and flag bits. The * overriding macros must be defined in the arch-specific asm/mman.h file. */ #ifndef arch_calc_vm_prot_bits #define arch_calc_vm_prot_bits(prot, pkey) 0 #endif #ifndef arch_calc_vm_flag_bits #define arch_calc_vm_flag_bits(flags) 0 #endif #ifndef arch_vm_get_page_prot #define arch_vm_get_page_prot(vm_flags) __pgprot(0) #endif #ifndef arch_validate_prot /* * This is called from mprotect(). PROT_GROWSDOWN and PROT_GROWSUP have * already been masked out. * * Returns true if the prot flags are valid */ static inline bool arch_validate_prot(unsigned long prot, unsigned long addr) { return (prot & ~(PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE | PROT_EXEC | PROT_SEM)) == 0; } #define arch_validate_prot arch_validate_prot #endif #ifndef arch_validate_flags /* * This is called from mmap() and mprotect() with the updated vma->vm_flags. * * Returns true if the VM_* flags are valid. */ static inline bool arch_validate_flags(unsigned long flags) { return true; } #define arch_validate_flags arch_validate_flags #endif /* * Optimisation macro. It is equivalent to: * (x & bit1) ? bit2 : 0 * but this version is faster. * ("bit1" and "bit2" must be single bits) */ #define _calc_vm_trans(x, bit1, bit2) \ ((!(bit1) || !(bit2)) ? 0 : \ ((bit1) <= (bit2) ? ((x) & (bit1)) * ((bit2) / (bit1)) \ : ((x) & (bit1)) / ((bit1) / (bit2)))) /* * Combine the mmap "prot" argument into "vm_flags" used internally. */ static inline unsigned long calc_vm_prot_bits(unsigned long prot, unsigned long pkey) { return _calc_vm_trans(prot, PROT_READ, VM_READ ) | _calc_vm_trans(prot, PROT_WRITE, VM_WRITE) | _calc_vm_trans(prot, PROT_EXEC, VM_EXEC) | arch_calc_vm_prot_bits(prot, pkey); } /* * Combine the mmap "flags" argument into "vm_flags" used internally. */ static inline unsigned long calc_vm_flag_bits(unsigned long flags) { return _calc_vm_trans(flags, MAP_GROWSDOWN, VM_GROWSDOWN ) | _calc_vm_trans(flags, MAP_DENYWRITE, VM_DENYWRITE ) | _calc_vm_trans(flags, MAP_LOCKED, VM_LOCKED ) | _calc_vm_trans(flags, MAP_SYNC, VM_SYNC ) | arch_calc_vm_flag_bits(flags); } unsigned long vm_commit_limit(void); #endif /* _LINUX_MMAN_H */
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3419 3420 3421 3422 3423 3424 3425 3426 3427 3428 3429 3430 3431 3432 3433 3434 3435 3436 3437 3438 3439 3440 3441 3442 3443 3444 3445 3446 3447 3448 3449 3450 3451 3452 3453 3454 3455 3456 3457 3458 3459 3460 3461 3462 3463 3464 3465 3466 3467 3468 3469 3470 3471 3472 3473 3474 3475 3476 3477 3478 3479 3480 3481 3482 3483 3484 3485 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_FS_H #define _LINUX_FS_H #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/wait_bit.h> #include <linux/kdev_t.h> #include <linux/dcache.h> #include <linux/path.h> #include <linux/stat.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/list_lru.h> #include <linux/llist.h> #include <linux/radix-tree.h> #include <linux/xarray.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/pid.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/semaphore.h> #include <linux/fcntl.h> #include <linux/rculist_bl.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/shrinker.h> #include <linux/migrate_mode.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <linux/percpu-rwsem.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/delayed_call.h> #include <linux/uuid.h> #include <linux/errseq.h> #include <linux/ioprio.h> #include <linux/fs_types.h> #include <linux/build_bug.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <asm/byteorder.h> #include <uapi/linux/fs.h> struct backing_dev_info; struct bdi_writeback; struct bio; struct export_operations; struct fiemap_extent_info; struct hd_geometry; struct iovec; struct kiocb; struct kobject; struct pipe_inode_info; struct poll_table_struct; struct kstatfs; struct vm_area_struct; struct vfsmount; struct cred; struct swap_info_struct; struct seq_file; struct workqueue_struct; struct iov_iter; struct fscrypt_info; struct fscrypt_operations; struct fsverity_info; struct fsverity_operations; struct fs_context; struct fs_parameter_spec; extern void __init inode_init(void); extern void __init inode_init_early(void); extern void __init files_init(void); extern void __init files_maxfiles_init(void); extern struct files_stat_struct files_stat; extern unsigned long get_max_files(void); extern unsigned int sysctl_nr_open; extern struct inodes_stat_t inodes_stat; extern int leases_enable, lease_break_time; extern int sysctl_protected_symlinks; extern int sysctl_protected_hardlinks; extern int sysctl_protected_fifos; extern int sysctl_protected_regular; typedef __kernel_rwf_t rwf_t; struct buffer_head; typedef int (get_block_t)(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock, struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create); typedef int (dio_iodone_t)(struct kiocb *iocb, loff_t offset, ssize_t bytes, void *private); #define MAY_EXEC 0x00000001 #define MAY_WRITE 0x00000002 #define MAY_READ 0x00000004 #define MAY_APPEND 0x00000008 #define MAY_ACCESS 0x00000010 #define MAY_OPEN 0x00000020 #define MAY_CHDIR 0x00000040 /* called from RCU mode, don't block */ #define MAY_NOT_BLOCK 0x00000080 /* * flags in file.f_mode. Note that FMODE_READ and FMODE_WRITE must correspond * to O_WRONLY and O_RDWR via the strange trick in do_dentry_open() */ /* file is open for reading */ #define FMODE_READ ((__force fmode_t)0x1) /* file is open for writing */ #define FMODE_WRITE ((__force fmode_t)0x2) /* file is seekable */ #define FMODE_LSEEK ((__force fmode_t)0x4) /* file can be accessed using pread */ #define FMODE_PREAD ((__force fmode_t)0x8) /* file can be accessed using pwrite */ #define FMODE_PWRITE ((__force fmode_t)0x10) /* File is opened for execution with sys_execve / sys_uselib */ #define FMODE_EXEC ((__force fmode_t)0x20) /* File is opened with O_NDELAY (only set for block devices) */ #define FMODE_NDELAY ((__force fmode_t)0x40) /* File is opened with O_EXCL (only set for block devices) */ #define FMODE_EXCL ((__force fmode_t)0x80) /* File is opened using open(.., 3, ..) and is writeable only for ioctls (specialy hack for floppy.c) */ #define FMODE_WRITE_IOCTL ((__force fmode_t)0x100) /* 32bit hashes as llseek() offset (for directories) */ #define FMODE_32BITHASH ((__force fmode_t)0x200) /* 64bit hashes as llseek() offset (for directories) */ #define FMODE_64BITHASH ((__force fmode_t)0x400) /* * Don't update ctime and mtime. * * Currently a special hack for the XFS open_by_handle ioctl, but we'll * hopefully graduate it to a proper O_CMTIME flag supported by open(2) soon. */ #define FMODE_NOCMTIME ((__force fmode_t)0x800) /* Expect random access pattern */ #define FMODE_RANDOM ((__force fmode_t)0x1000) /* File is huge (eg. /dev/kmem): treat loff_t as unsigned */ #define FMODE_UNSIGNED_OFFSET ((__force fmode_t)0x2000) /* File is opened with O_PATH; almost nothing can be done with it */ #define FMODE_PATH ((__force fmode_t)0x4000) /* File needs atomic accesses to f_pos */ #define FMODE_ATOMIC_POS ((__force fmode_t)0x8000) /* Write access to underlying fs */ #define FMODE_WRITER ((__force fmode_t)0x10000) /* Has read method(s) */ #define FMODE_CAN_READ ((__force fmode_t)0x20000) /* Has write method(s) */ #define FMODE_CAN_WRITE ((__force fmode_t)0x40000) #define FMODE_OPENED ((__force fmode_t)0x80000) #define FMODE_CREATED ((__force fmode_t)0x100000) /* File is stream-like */ #define FMODE_STREAM ((__force fmode_t)0x200000) /* File was opened by fanotify and shouldn't generate fanotify events */ #define FMODE_NONOTIFY ((__force fmode_t)0x4000000) /* File is capable of returning -EAGAIN if I/O will block */ #define FMODE_NOWAIT ((__force fmode_t)0x8000000) /* File represents mount that needs unmounting */ #define FMODE_NEED_UNMOUNT ((__force fmode_t)0x10000000) /* File does not contribute to nr_files count */ #define FMODE_NOACCOUNT ((__force fmode_t)0x20000000) /* File supports async buffered reads */ #define FMODE_BUF_RASYNC ((__force fmode_t)0x40000000) /* * Attribute flags. These should be or-ed together to figure out what * has been changed! */ #define ATTR_MODE (1 << 0) #define ATTR_UID (1 << 1) #define ATTR_GID (1 << 2) #define ATTR_SIZE (1 << 3) #define ATTR_ATIME (1 << 4) #define ATTR_MTIME (1 << 5) #define ATTR_CTIME (1 << 6) #define ATTR_ATIME_SET (1 << 7) #define ATTR_MTIME_SET (1 << 8) #define ATTR_FORCE (1 << 9) /* Not a change, but a change it */ #define ATTR_KILL_SUID (1 << 11) #define ATTR_KILL_SGID (1 << 12) #define ATTR_FILE (1 << 13) #define ATTR_KILL_PRIV (1 << 14) #define ATTR_OPEN (1 << 15) /* Truncating from open(O_TRUNC) */ #define ATTR_TIMES_SET (1 << 16) #define ATTR_TOUCH (1 << 17) /* * Whiteout is represented by a char device. The following constants define the * mode and device number to use. */ #define WHITEOUT_MODE 0 #define WHITEOUT_DEV 0 /* * This is the Inode Attributes structure, used for notify_change(). It * uses the above definitions as flags, to know which values have changed. * Also, in this manner, a Filesystem can look at only the values it cares * about. Basically, these are the attributes that the VFS layer can * request to change from the FS layer. * * Derek Atkins <warlord@MIT.EDU> 94-10-20 */ struct iattr { unsigned int ia_valid; umode_t ia_mode; kuid_t ia_uid; kgid_t ia_gid; loff_t ia_size; struct timespec64 ia_atime; struct timespec64 ia_mtime; struct timespec64 ia_ctime; /* * Not an attribute, but an auxiliary info for filesystems wanting to * implement an ftruncate() like method. NOTE: filesystem should * check for (ia_valid & ATTR_FILE), and not for (ia_file != NULL). */ struct file *ia_file; }; /* * Includes for diskquotas. */ #include <linux/quota.h> /* * Maximum number of layers of fs stack. Needs to be limited to * prevent kernel stack overflow */ #define FILESYSTEM_MAX_STACK_DEPTH 2 /** * enum positive_aop_returns - aop return codes with specific semantics * * @AOP_WRITEPAGE_ACTIVATE: Informs the caller that page writeback has * completed, that the page is still locked, and * should be considered active. The VM uses this hint * to return the page to the active list -- it won't * be a candidate for writeback again in the near * future. Other callers must be careful to unlock * the page if they get this return. Returned by * writepage(); * * @AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE: The AOP method that was handed a locked page has * unlocked it and the page might have been truncated. * The caller should back up to acquiring a new page and * trying again. The aop will be taking reasonable * precautions not to livelock. If the caller held a page * reference, it should drop it before retrying. Returned * by readpage(). * * address_space_operation functions return these large constants to indicate * special semantics to the caller. These are much larger than the bytes in a * page to allow for functions that return the number of bytes operated on in a * given page. */ enum positive_aop_returns { AOP_WRITEPAGE_ACTIVATE = 0x80000, AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE = 0x80001, }; #define AOP_FLAG_CONT_EXPAND 0x0001 /* called from cont_expand */ #define AOP_FLAG_NOFS 0x0002 /* used by filesystem to direct * helper code (eg buffer layer) * to clear GFP_FS from alloc */ /* * oh the beauties of C type declarations. */ struct page; struct address_space; struct writeback_control; struct readahead_control; /* * Write life time hint values. * Stored in struct inode as u8. */ enum rw_hint { WRITE_LIFE_NOT_SET = 0, WRITE_LIFE_NONE = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_NONE, WRITE_LIFE_SHORT = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_SHORT, WRITE_LIFE_MEDIUM = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_MEDIUM, WRITE_LIFE_LONG = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_LONG, WRITE_LIFE_EXTREME = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_EXTREME, }; /* Match RWF_* bits to IOCB bits */ #define IOCB_HIPRI (__force int) RWF_HIPRI #define IOCB_DSYNC (__force int) RWF_DSYNC #define IOCB_SYNC (__force int) RWF_SYNC #define IOCB_NOWAIT (__force int) RWF_NOWAIT #define IOCB_APPEND (__force int) RWF_APPEND /* non-RWF related bits - start at 16 */ #define IOCB_EVENTFD (1 << 16) #define IOCB_DIRECT (1 << 17) #define IOCB_WRITE (1 << 18) /* iocb->ki_waitq is valid */ #define IOCB_WAITQ (1 << 19) #define IOCB_NOIO (1 << 20) struct kiocb { struct file *ki_filp; /* The 'ki_filp' pointer is shared in a union for aio */ randomized_struct_fields_start loff_t ki_pos; void (*ki_complete)(struct kiocb *iocb, long ret, long ret2); void *private; int ki_flags; u16 ki_hint; u16 ki_ioprio; /* See linux/ioprio.h */ union { unsigned int ki_cookie; /* for ->iopoll */ struct wait_page_queue *ki_waitq; /* for async buffered IO */ }; randomized_struct_fields_end }; static inline bool is_sync_kiocb(struct kiocb *kiocb) { return kiocb->ki_complete == NULL; } /* * "descriptor" for what we're up to with a read. * This allows us to use the same read code yet * have multiple different users of the data that * we read from a file. * * The simplest case just copies the data to user * mode. */ typedef struct { size_t written; size_t count; union { char __user *buf; void *data; } arg; int error; } read_descriptor_t; typedef int (*read_actor_t)(read_descriptor_t *, struct page *, unsigned long, unsigned long); struct address_space_operations { int (*writepage)(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc); int (*readpage)(struct file *, struct page *); /* Write back some dirty pages from this mapping. */ int (*writepages)(struct address_space *, struct writeback_control *); /* Set a page dirty. Return true if this dirtied it */ int (*set_page_dirty)(struct page *page); /* * Reads in the requested pages. Unlike ->readpage(), this is * PURELY used for read-ahead!. */ int (*readpages)(struct file *filp, struct address_space *mapping, struct list_head *pages, unsigned nr_pages); void (*readahead)(struct readahead_control *); int (*write_begin)(struct file *, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, void **fsdata); int (*write_end)(struct file *, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page, void *fsdata); /* Unfortunately this kludge is needed for FIBMAP. Don't use it */ sector_t (*bmap)(struct address_space *, sector_t); void (*invalidatepage) (struct page *, unsigned int, unsigned int); int (*releasepage) (struct page *, gfp_t); void (*freepage)(struct page *); ssize_t (*direct_IO)(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *iter); /* * migrate the contents of a page to the specified target. If * migrate_mode is MIGRATE_ASYNC, it must not block. */ int (*migratepage) (struct address_space *, struct page *, struct page *, enum migrate_mode); bool (*isolate_page)(struct page *, isolate_mode_t); void (*putback_page)(struct page *); int (*launder_page) (struct page *); int (*is_partially_uptodate) (struct page *, unsigned long, unsigned long); void (*is_dirty_writeback) (struct page *, bool *, bool *); int (*error_remove_page)(struct address_space *, struct page *); /* swapfile support */ int (*swap_activate)(struct swap_info_struct *sis, struct file *file, sector_t *span); void (*swap_deactivate)(struct file *file); }; extern const struct address_space_operations empty_aops; /* * pagecache_write_begin/pagecache_write_end must be used by general code * to write into the pagecache. */ int pagecache_write_begin(struct file *, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, void **fsdata); int pagecache_write_end(struct file *, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page, void *fsdata); /** * struct address_space - Contents of a cacheable, mappable object. * @host: Owner, either the inode or the block_device. * @i_pages: Cached pages. * @gfp_mask: Memory allocation flags to use for allocating pages. * @i_mmap_writable: Number of VM_SHARED mappings. * @nr_thps: Number of THPs in the pagecache (non-shmem only). * @i_mmap: Tree of private and shared mappings. * @i_mmap_rwsem: Protects @i_mmap and @i_mmap_writable. * @nrpages: Number of page entries, protected by the i_pages lock. * @nrexceptional: Shadow or DAX entries, protected by the i_pages lock. * @writeback_index: Writeback starts here. * @a_ops: Methods. * @flags: Error bits and flags (AS_*). * @wb_err: The most recent error which has occurred. * @private_lock: For use by the owner of the address_space. * @private_list: For use by the owner of the address_space. * @private_data: For use by the owner of the address_space. */ struct address_space { struct inode *host; struct xarray i_pages; gfp_t gfp_mask; atomic_t i_mmap_writable; #ifdef CONFIG_READ_ONLY_THP_FOR_FS /* number of thp, only for non-shmem files */ atomic_t nr_thps; #endif struct rb_root_cached i_mmap; struct rw_semaphore i_mmap_rwsem; unsigned long nrpages; unsigned long nrexceptional; pgoff_t writeback_index; const struct address_space_operations *a_ops; unsigned long flags; errseq_t wb_err; spinlock_t private_lock; struct list_head private_list; void *private_data; } __attribute__((aligned(sizeof(long)))) __randomize_layout; /* * On most architectures that alignment is already the case; but * must be enforced here for CRIS, to let the least significant bit * of struct page's "mapping" pointer be used for PAGE_MAPPING_ANON. */ /* XArray tags, for tagging dirty and writeback pages in the pagecache. */ #define PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY XA_MARK_0 #define PAGECACHE_TAG_WRITEBACK XA_MARK_1 #define PAGECACHE_TAG_TOWRITE XA_MARK_2 /* * Returns true if any of the pages in the mapping are marked with the tag. */ static inline bool mapping_tagged(struct address_space *mapping, xa_mark_t tag) { return xa_marked(&mapping->i_pages, tag); } static inline void i_mmap_lock_write(struct address_space *mapping) { down_write(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline int i_mmap_trylock_write(struct address_space *mapping) { return down_write_trylock(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline void i_mmap_unlock_write(struct address_space *mapping) { up_write(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline void i_mmap_lock_read(struct address_space *mapping) { down_read(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline void i_mmap_unlock_read(struct address_space *mapping) { up_read(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline void i_mmap_assert_locked(struct address_space *mapping) { lockdep_assert_held(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline void i_mmap_assert_write_locked(struct address_space *mapping) { lockdep_assert_held_write(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } /* * Might pages of this file be mapped into userspace? */ static inline int mapping_mapped(struct address_space *mapping) { return !RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root); } /* * Might pages of this file have been modified in userspace? * Note that i_mmap_writable counts all VM_SHARED vmas: do_mmap * marks vma as VM_SHARED if it is shared, and the file was opened for * writing i.e. vma may be mprotected writable even if now readonly. * * If i_mmap_writable is negative, no new writable mappings are allowed. You * can only deny writable mappings, if none exists right now. */ static inline int mapping_writably_mapped(struct address_space *mapping) { return atomic_read(&mapping->i_mmap_writable) > 0; } static inline int mapping_map_writable(struct address_space *mapping) { return atomic_inc_unless_negative(&mapping->i_mmap_writable) ? 0 : -EPERM; } static inline void mapping_unmap_writable(struct address_space *mapping) { atomic_dec(&mapping->i_mmap_writable); } static inline int mapping_deny_writable(struct address_space *mapping) { return atomic_dec_unless_positive(&mapping->i_mmap_writable) ? 0 : -EBUSY; } static inline void mapping_allow_writable(struct address_space *mapping) { atomic_inc(&mapping->i_mmap_writable); } /* * Use sequence counter to get consistent i_size on 32-bit processors. */ #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) #include <linux/seqlock.h> #define __NEED_I_SIZE_ORDERED #define i_size_ordered_init(inode) seqcount_init(&inode->i_size_seqcount) #else #define i_size_ordered_init(inode) do { } while (0) #endif struct posix_acl; #define ACL_NOT_CACHED ((void *)(-1)) #define ACL_DONT_CACHE ((void *)(-3)) static inline struct posix_acl * uncached_acl_sentinel(struct task_struct *task) { return (void *)task + 1; } static inline bool is_uncached_acl(struct posix_acl *acl) { return (long)acl & 1; } #define IOP_FASTPERM 0x0001 #define IOP_LOOKUP 0x0002 #define IOP_NOFOLLOW 0x0004 #define IOP_XATTR 0x0008 #define IOP_DEFAULT_READLINK 0x0010 struct fsnotify_mark_connector; /* * Keep mostly read-only and often accessed (especially for * the RCU path lookup and 'stat' data) fields at the beginning * of the 'struct inode' */ struct inode { umode_t i_mode; unsigned short i_opflags; kuid_t i_uid; kgid_t i_gid; unsigned int i_flags; #ifdef CONFIG_FS_POSIX_ACL struct posix_acl *i_acl; struct posix_acl *i_default_acl; #endif const struct inode_operations *i_op; struct super_block *i_sb; struct address_space *i_mapping; #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY void *i_security; #endif /* Stat data, not accessed from path walking */ unsigned long i_ino; /* * Filesystems may only read i_nlink directly. They shall use the * following functions for modification: * * (set|clear|inc|drop)_nlink * inode_(inc|dec)_link_count */ union { const unsigned int i_nlink; unsigned int __i_nlink; }; dev_t i_rdev; loff_t i_size; struct timespec64 i_atime; struct timespec64 i_mtime; struct timespec64 i_ctime; spinlock_t i_lock; /* i_blocks, i_bytes, maybe i_size */ unsigned short i_bytes; u8 i_blkbits; u8 i_write_hint; blkcnt_t i_blocks; #ifdef __NEED_I_SIZE_ORDERED seqcount_t i_size_seqcount; #endif /* Misc */ unsigned long i_state; struct rw_semaphore i_rwsem; unsigned long dirtied_when; /* jiffies of first dirtying */ unsigned long dirtied_time_when; struct hlist_node i_hash; struct list_head i_io_list; /* backing dev IO list */ #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK struct bdi_writeback *i_wb; /* the associated cgroup wb */ /* foreign inode detection, see wbc_detach_inode() */ int i_wb_frn_winner; u16 i_wb_frn_avg_time; u16 i_wb_frn_history; #endif struct list_head i_lru; /* inode LRU list */ struct list_head i_sb_list; struct list_head i_wb_list; /* backing dev writeback list */ union { struct hlist_head i_dentry; struct rcu_head i_rcu; }; atomic64_t i_version; atomic64_t i_sequence; /* see futex */ atomic_t i_count; atomic_t i_dio_count; atomic_t i_writecount; #if defined(CONFIG_IMA) || defined(CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING) atomic_t i_readcount; /* struct files open RO */ #endif union { const struct file_operations *i_fop; /* former ->i_op->default_file_ops */ void (*free_inode)(struct inode *); }; struct file_lock_context *i_flctx; struct address_space i_data; struct list_head i_devices; union { struct pipe_inode_info *i_pipe; struct block_device *i_bdev; struct cdev *i_cdev; char *i_link; unsigned i_dir_seq; }; __u32 i_generation; #ifdef CONFIG_FSNOTIFY __u32 i_fsnotify_mask; /* all events this inode cares about */ struct fsnotify_mark_connector __rcu *i_fsnotify_marks; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION struct fscrypt_info *i_crypt_info; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FS_VERITY struct fsverity_info *i_verity_info; #endif void *i_private; /* fs or device private pointer */ } __randomize_layout; struct timespec64 timestamp_truncate(struct timespec64 t, struct inode *inode); static inline unsigned int i_blocksize(const struct inode *node) { return (1 << node->i_blkbits); } static inline int inode_unhashed(struct inode *inode) { return hlist_unhashed(&inode->i_hash); } /* * __mark_inode_dirty expects inodes to be hashed. Since we don't * want special inodes in the fileset inode space, we make them * appear hashed, but do not put on any lists. hlist_del() * will work fine and require no locking. */ static inline void inode_fake_hash(struct inode *inode) { hlist_add_fake(&inode->i_hash); } /* * inode->i_mutex nesting subclasses for the lock validator: * * 0: the object of the current VFS operation * 1: parent * 2: child/target * 3: xattr * 4: second non-directory * 5: second parent (when locking independent directories in rename) * * I_MUTEX_NONDIR2 is for certain operations (such as rename) which lock two * non-directories at once. * * The locking order between these classes is * parent[2] -> child -> grandchild -> normal -> xattr -> second non-directory */ enum inode_i_mutex_lock_class { I_MUTEX_NORMAL, I_MUTEX_PARENT, I_MUTEX_CHILD, I_MUTEX_XATTR, I_MUTEX_NONDIR2, I_MUTEX_PARENT2, }; static inline void inode_lock(struct inode *inode) { down_write(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline void inode_unlock(struct inode *inode) { up_write(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline void inode_lock_shared(struct inode *inode) { down_read(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline void inode_unlock_shared(struct inode *inode) { up_read(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline int inode_trylock(struct inode *inode) { return down_write_trylock(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline int inode_trylock_shared(struct inode *inode) { return down_read_trylock(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline int inode_is_locked(struct inode *inode) { return rwsem_is_locked(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline void inode_lock_nested(struct inode *inode, unsigned subclass) { down_write_nested(&inode->i_rwsem, subclass); } static inline void inode_lock_shared_nested(struct inode *inode, unsigned subclass) { down_read_nested(&inode->i_rwsem, subclass); } void lock_two_nondirectories(struct inode *, struct inode*); void unlock_two_nondirectories(struct inode *, struct inode*); /* * NOTE: in a 32bit arch with a preemptable kernel and * an UP compile the i_size_read/write must be atomic * with respect to the local cpu (unlike with preempt disabled), * but they don't need to be atomic with respect to other cpus like in * true SMP (so they need either to either locally disable irq around * the read or for example on x86 they can be still implemented as a * cmpxchg8b without the need of the lock prefix). For SMP compiles * and 64bit archs it makes no difference if preempt is enabled or not. */ static inline loff_t i_size_read(const struct inode *inode) { #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) loff_t i_size; unsigned int seq; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&inode->i_size_seqcount); i_size = inode->i_size; } while (read_seqcount_retry(&inode->i_size_seqcount, seq)); return i_size; #elif BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) loff_t i_size; preempt_disable(); i_size = inode->i_size; preempt_enable(); return i_size; #else return inode->i_size; #endif } /* * NOTE: unlike i_size_read(), i_size_write() does need locking around it * (normally i_mutex), otherwise on 32bit/SMP an update of i_size_seqcount * can be lost, resulting in subsequent i_size_read() calls spinning forever. */ static inline void i_size_write(struct inode *inode, loff_t i_size) { #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) preempt_disable(); write_seqcount_begin(&inode->i_size_seqcount); inode->i_size = i_size; write_seqcount_end(&inode->i_size_seqcount); preempt_enable(); #elif BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) preempt_disable(); inode->i_size = i_size; preempt_enable(); #else inode->i_size = i_size; #endif } static inline unsigned iminor(const struct inode *inode) { return MINOR(inode->i_rdev); } static inline unsigned imajor(const struct inode *inode) { return MAJOR(inode->i_rdev); } struct fown_struct { rwlock_t lock; /* protects pid, uid, euid fields */ struct pid *pid; /* pid or -pgrp where SIGIO should be sent */ enum pid_type pid_type; /* Kind of process group SIGIO should be sent to */ kuid_t uid, euid; /* uid/euid of process setting the owner */ int signum; /* posix.1b rt signal to be delivered on IO */ }; /* * Track a single file's readahead state */ struct file_ra_state { pgoff_t start; /* where readahead started */ unsigned int size; /* # of readahead pages */ unsigned int async_size; /* do asynchronous readahead when there are only # of pages ahead */ unsigned int ra_pages; /* Maximum readahead window */ unsigned int mmap_miss; /* Cache miss stat for mmap accesses */ loff_t prev_pos; /* Cache last read() position */ }; /* * Check if @index falls in the readahead windows. */ static inline int ra_has_index(struct file_ra_state *ra, pgoff_t index) { return (index >= ra->start && index < ra->start + ra->size); } struct file { union { struct llist_node fu_llist; struct rcu_head fu_rcuhead; } f_u; struct path f_path; struct inode *f_inode; /* cached value */ const struct file_operations *f_op; /* * Protects f_ep_links, f_flags. * Must not be taken from IRQ context. */ spinlock_t f_lock; enum rw_hint f_write_hint; atomic_long_t f_count; unsigned int f_flags; fmode_t f_mode; struct mutex f_pos_lock; loff_t f_pos; struct fown_struct f_owner; const struct cred *f_cred; struct file_ra_state f_ra; u64 f_version; #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY void *f_security; #endif /* needed for tty driver, and maybe others */ void *private_data; #ifdef CONFIG_EPOLL /* Used by fs/eventpoll.c to link all the hooks to this file */ struct list_head f_ep_links; struct list_head f_tfile_llink; #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_EPOLL */ struct address_space *f_mapping; errseq_t f_wb_err; errseq_t f_sb_err; /* for syncfs */ } __randomize_layout __attribute__((aligned(4))); /* lest something weird decides that 2 is OK */ struct file_handle { __u32 handle_bytes; int handle_type; /* file identifier */ unsigned char f_handle[]; }; static inline struct file *get_file(struct file *f) { atomic_long_inc(&f->f_count); return f; } #define get_file_rcu_many(x, cnt) \ atomic_long_add_unless(&(x)->f_count, (cnt), 0) #define get_file_rcu(x) get_file_rcu_many((x), 1) #define file_count(x) atomic_long_read(&(x)->f_count) #define MAX_NON_LFS ((1UL<<31) - 1) /* Page cache limit. The filesystems should put that into their s_maxbytes limits, otherwise bad things can happen in VM. */ #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 #define MAX_LFS_FILESIZE ((loff_t)ULONG_MAX << PAGE_SHIFT) #elif BITS_PER_LONG==64 #define MAX_LFS_FILESIZE ((loff_t)LLONG_MAX) #endif #define FL_POSIX 1 #define FL_FLOCK 2 #define FL_DELEG 4 /* NFSv4 delegation */ #define FL_ACCESS 8 /* not trying to lock, just looking */ #define FL_EXISTS 16 /* when unlocking, test for existence */ #define FL_LEASE 32 /* lease held on this file */ #define FL_CLOSE 64 /* unlock on close */ #define FL_SLEEP 128 /* A blocking lock */ #define FL_DOWNGRADE_PENDING 256 /* Lease is being downgraded */ #define FL_UNLOCK_PENDING 512 /* Lease is being broken */ #define FL_OFDLCK 1024 /* lock is "owned" by struct file */ #define FL_LAYOUT 2048 /* outstanding pNFS layout */ #define FL_CLOSE_POSIX (FL_POSIX | FL_CLOSE) /* * Special return value from posix_lock_file() and vfs_lock_file() for * asynchronous locking. */ #define FILE_LOCK_DEFERRED 1 /* legacy typedef, should eventually be removed */ typedef void *fl_owner_t; struct file_lock; struct file_lock_operations { void (*fl_copy_lock)(struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *); void (*fl_release_private)(struct file_lock *); }; struct lock_manager_operations { fl_owner_t (*lm_get_owner)(fl_owner_t); void (*lm_put_owner)(fl_owner_t); void (*lm_notify)(struct file_lock *); /* unblock callback */ int (*lm_grant)(struct file_lock *, int); bool (*lm_break)(struct file_lock *); int (*lm_change)(struct file_lock *, int, struct list_head *); void (*lm_setup)(struct file_lock *, void **); bool (*lm_breaker_owns_lease)(struct file_lock *); }; struct lock_manager { struct list_head list; /* * NFSv4 and up also want opens blocked during the grace period; * NLM doesn't care: */ bool block_opens; }; struct net; void locks_start_grace(struct net *, struct lock_manager *); void locks_end_grace(struct lock_manager *); bool locks_in_grace(struct net *); bool opens_in_grace(struct net *); /* that will die - we need it for nfs_lock_info */ #include <linux/nfs_fs_i.h> /* * struct file_lock represents a generic "file lock". It's used to represent * POSIX byte range locks, BSD (flock) locks, and leases. It's important to * note that the same struct is used to represent both a request for a lock and * the lock itself, but the same object is never used for both. * * FIXME: should we create a separate "struct lock_request" to help distinguish * these two uses? * * The varous i_flctx lists are ordered by: * * 1) lock owner * 2) lock range start * 3) lock range end * * Obviously, the last two criteria only matter for POSIX locks. */ struct file_lock { struct file_lock *fl_blocker; /* The lock, that is blocking us */ struct list_head fl_list; /* link into file_lock_context */ struct hlist_node fl_link; /* node in global lists */ struct list_head fl_blocked_requests; /* list of requests with * ->fl_blocker pointing here */ struct list_head fl_blocked_member; /* node in * ->fl_blocker->fl_blocked_requests */ fl_owner_t fl_owner; unsigned int fl_flags; unsigned char fl_type; unsigned int fl_pid; int fl_link_cpu; /* what cpu's list is this on? */ wait_queue_head_t fl_wait; struct file *fl_file; loff_t fl_start; loff_t fl_end; struct fasync_struct * fl_fasync; /* for lease break notifications */ /* for lease breaks: */ unsigned long fl_break_time; unsigned long fl_downgrade_time; const struct file_lock_operations *fl_ops; /* Callbacks for filesystems */ const struct lock_manager_operations *fl_lmops; /* Callbacks for lockmanagers */ union { struct nfs_lock_info nfs_fl; struct nfs4_lock_info nfs4_fl; struct { struct list_head link; /* link in AFS vnode's pending_locks list */ int state; /* state of grant or error if -ve */ unsigned int debug_id; } afs; } fl_u; } __randomize_layout; struct file_lock_context { spinlock_t flc_lock; struct list_head flc_flock; struct list_head flc_posix; struct list_head flc_lease; }; /* The following constant reflects the upper bound of the file/locking space */ #ifndef OFFSET_MAX #define INT_LIMIT(x) (~((x)1 << (sizeof(x)*8 - 1))) #define OFFSET_MAX INT_LIMIT(loff_t) #define OFFT_OFFSET_MAX INT_LIMIT(off_t) #endif extern void send_sigio(struct fown_struct *fown, int fd, int band); #define locks_inode(f) file_inode(f) #ifdef CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING extern int fcntl_getlk(struct file *, unsigned int, struct flock *); extern int fcntl_setlk(unsigned int, struct file *, unsigned int, struct flock *); #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 extern int fcntl_getlk64(struct file *, unsigned int, struct flock64 *); extern int fcntl_setlk64(unsigned int, struct file *, unsigned int, struct flock64 *); #endif extern int fcntl_setlease(unsigned int fd, struct file *filp, long arg); extern int fcntl_getlease(struct file *filp); /* fs/locks.c */ void locks_free_lock_context(struct inode *inode); void locks_free_lock(struct file_lock *fl); extern void locks_init_lock(struct file_lock *); extern struct file_lock * locks_alloc_lock(void); extern void locks_copy_lock(struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *); extern void locks_copy_conflock(struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *); extern void locks_remove_posix(struct file *, fl_owner_t); extern void locks_remove_file(struct file *); extern void locks_release_private(struct file_lock *); extern void posix_test_lock(struct file *, struct file_lock *); extern int posix_lock_file(struct file *, struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *); extern int locks_delete_block(struct file_lock *); extern int vfs_test_lock(struct file *, struct file_lock *); extern int vfs_lock_file(struct file *, unsigned int, struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *); extern int vfs_cancel_lock(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl); extern int locks_lock_inode_wait(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *fl); extern int __break_lease(struct inode *inode, unsigned int flags, unsigned int type); extern void lease_get_mtime(struct inode *, struct timespec64 *time); extern int generic_setlease(struct file *, long, struct file_lock **, void **priv); extern int vfs_setlease(struct file *, long, struct file_lock **, void **); extern int lease_modify(struct file_lock *, int, struct list_head *); struct notifier_block; extern int lease_register_notifier(struct notifier_block *); extern void lease_unregister_notifier(struct notifier_block *); struct files_struct; extern void show_fd_locks(struct seq_file *f, struct file *filp, struct files_struct *files); #else /* !CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING */ static inline int fcntl_getlk(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, struct flock __user *user) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int fcntl_setlk(unsigned int fd, struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, struct flock __user *user) { return -EACCES; } #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 static inline int fcntl_getlk64(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, struct flock64 __user *user) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int fcntl_setlk64(unsigned int fd, struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, struct flock64 __user *user) { return -EACCES; } #endif static inline int fcntl_setlease(unsigned int fd, struct file *filp, long arg) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int fcntl_getlease(struct file *filp) { return F_UNLCK; } static inline void locks_free_lock_context(struct inode *inode) { } static inline void locks_init_lock(struct file_lock *fl) { return; } static inline void locks_copy_conflock(struct file_lock *new, struct file_lock *fl) { return; } static inline void locks_copy_lock(struct file_lock *new, struct file_lock *fl) { return; } static inline void locks_remove_posix(struct file *filp, fl_owner_t owner) { return; } static inline void locks_remove_file(struct file *filp) { return; } static inline void posix_test_lock(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl) { return; } static inline int posix_lock_file(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl, struct file_lock *conflock) { return -ENOLCK; } static inline int locks_delete_block(struct file_lock *waiter) { return -ENOENT; } static inline int vfs_test_lock(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl) { return 0; } static inline int vfs_lock_file(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, struct file_lock *fl, struct file_lock *conf) { return -ENOLCK; } static inline int vfs_cancel_lock(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl) { return 0; } static inline int locks_lock_inode_wait(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *fl) { return -ENOLCK; } static inline int __break_lease(struct inode *inode, unsigned int mode, unsigned int type) { return 0; } static inline void lease_get_mtime(struct inode *inode, struct timespec64 *time) { return; } static inline int generic_setlease(struct file *filp, long arg, struct file_lock **flp, void **priv) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int vfs_setlease(struct file *filp, long arg, struct file_lock **lease, void **priv) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int lease_modify(struct file_lock *fl, int arg, struct list_head *dispose) { return -EINVAL; } struct files_struct; static inline void show_fd_locks(struct seq_file *f, struct file *filp, struct files_struct *files) {} #endif /* !CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING */ static inline struct inode *file_inode(const struct file *f) { return f->f_inode; } static inline struct dentry *file_dentry(const struct file *file) { return d_real(file->f_path.dentry, file_inode(file)); } static inline int locks_lock_file_wait(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl) { return locks_lock_inode_wait(locks_inode(filp), fl); } struct fasync_struct { rwlock_t fa_lock; int magic; int fa_fd; struct fasync_struct *fa_next; /* singly linked list */ struct file *fa_file; struct rcu_head fa_rcu; }; #define FASYNC_MAGIC 0x4601 /* SMP safe fasync helpers: */ extern int fasync_helper(int, struct file *, int, struct fasync_struct **); extern struct fasync_struct *fasync_insert_entry(int, struct file *, struct fasync_struct **, struct fasync_struct *); extern int fasync_remove_entry(struct file *, struct fasync_struct **); extern struct fasync_struct *fasync_alloc(void); extern void fasync_free(struct fasync_struct *); /* can be called from interrupts */ extern void kill_fasync(struct fasync_struct **, int, int); extern void __f_setown(struct file *filp, struct pid *, enum pid_type, int force); extern int f_setown(struct file *filp, unsigned long arg, int force); extern void f_delown(struct file *filp); extern pid_t f_getown(struct file *filp); extern int send_sigurg(struct fown_struct *fown); /* * sb->s_flags. Note that these mirror the equivalent MS_* flags where * represented in both. */ #define SB_RDONLY 1 /* Mount read-only */ #define SB_NOSUID 2 /* Ignore suid and sgid bits */ #define SB_NODEV 4 /* Disallow access to device special files */ #define SB_NOEXEC 8 /* Disallow program execution */ #define SB_SYNCHRONOUS 16 /* Writes are synced at once */ #define SB_MANDLOCK 64 /* Allow mandatory locks on an FS */ #define SB_DIRSYNC 128 /* Directory modifications are synchronous */ #define SB_NOATIME 1024 /* Do not update access times. */ #define SB_NODIRATIME 2048 /* Do not update directory access times */ #define SB_SILENT 32768 #define SB_POSIXACL (1<<16) /* VFS does not apply the umask */ #define SB_INLINECRYPT (1<<17) /* Use blk-crypto for encrypted files */ #define SB_KERNMOUNT (1<<22) /* this is a kern_mount call */ #define SB_I_VERSION (1<<23) /* Update inode I_version field */ #define SB_LAZYTIME (1<<25) /* Update the on-disk [acm]times lazily */ /* These sb flags are internal to the kernel */ #define SB_SUBMOUNT (1<<26) #define SB_FORCE (1<<27) #define SB_NOSEC (1<<28) #define SB_BORN (1<<29) #define SB_ACTIVE (1<<30) #define SB_NOUSER (1<<31) /* These flags relate to encoding and casefolding */ #define SB_ENC_STRICT_MODE_FL (1 << 0) #define sb_has_strict_encoding(sb) \ (sb->s_encoding_flags & SB_ENC_STRICT_MODE_FL) /* * Umount options */ #define MNT_FORCE 0x00000001 /* Attempt to forcibily umount */ #define MNT_DETACH 0x00000002 /* Just detach from the tree */ #define MNT_EXPIRE 0x00000004 /* Mark for expiry */ #define UMOUNT_NOFOLLOW 0x00000008 /* Don't follow symlink on umount */ #define UMOUNT_UNUSED 0x80000000 /* Flag guaranteed to be unused */ /* sb->s_iflags */ #define SB_I_CGROUPWB 0x00000001 /* cgroup-aware writeback enabled */ #define SB_I_NOEXEC 0x00000002 /* Ignore executables on this fs */ #define SB_I_NODEV 0x00000004 /* Ignore devices on this fs */ #define SB_I_STABLE_WRITES 0x00000008 /* don't modify blks until WB is done */ /* sb->s_iflags to limit user namespace mounts */ #define SB_I_USERNS_VISIBLE 0x00000010 /* fstype already mounted */ #define SB_I_IMA_UNVERIFIABLE_SIGNATURE 0x00000020 #define SB_I_UNTRUSTED_MOUNTER 0x00000040 #define SB_I_SKIP_SYNC 0x00000100 /* Skip superblock at global sync */ /* Possible states of 'frozen' field */ enum { SB_UNFROZEN = 0, /* FS is unfrozen */ SB_FREEZE_WRITE = 1, /* Writes, dir ops, ioctls frozen */ SB_FREEZE_PAGEFAULT = 2, /* Page faults stopped as well */ SB_FREEZE_FS = 3, /* For internal FS use (e.g. to stop * internal threads if needed) */ SB_FREEZE_COMPLETE = 4, /* ->freeze_fs finished successfully */ }; #define SB_FREEZE_LEVELS (SB_FREEZE_COMPLETE - 1) struct sb_writers { int frozen; /* Is sb frozen? */ wait_queue_head_t wait_unfrozen; /* for get_super_thawed() */ struct percpu_rw_semaphore rw_sem[SB_FREEZE_LEVELS]; }; struct super_block { struct list_head s_list; /* Keep this first */ dev_t s_dev; /* search index; _not_ kdev_t */ unsigned char s_blocksize_bits; unsigned long s_blocksize; loff_t s_maxbytes; /* Max file size */ struct file_system_type *s_type; const struct super_operations *s_op; const struct dquot_operations *dq_op; const struct quotactl_ops *s_qcop; const struct export_operations *s_export_op; unsigned long s_flags; unsigned long s_iflags; /* internal SB_I_* flags */ unsigned long s_magic; struct dentry *s_root; struct rw_semaphore s_umount; int s_count; atomic_t s_active; #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY void *s_security; #endif const struct xattr_handler **s_xattr; #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION const struct fscrypt_operations *s_cop; struct key *s_master_keys; /* master crypto keys in use */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FS_VERITY const struct fsverity_operations *s_vop; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE struct unicode_map *s_encoding; __u16 s_encoding_flags; #endif struct hlist_bl_head s_roots; /* alternate root dentries for NFS */ struct list_head s_mounts; /* list of mounts; _not_ for fs use */ struct block_device *s_bdev; struct backing_dev_info *s_bdi; struct mtd_info *s_mtd; struct hlist_node s_instances; unsigned int s_quota_types; /* Bitmask of supported quota types */ struct quota_info s_dquot; /* Diskquota specific options */ struct sb_writers s_writers; /* * Keep s_fs_info, s_time_gran, s_fsnotify_mask, and * s_fsnotify_marks together for cache efficiency. They are frequently * accessed and rarely modified. */ void *s_fs_info; /* Filesystem private info */ /* Granularity of c/m/atime in ns (cannot be worse than a second) */ u32 s_time_gran; /* Time limits for c/m/atime in seconds */ time64_t s_time_min; time64_t s_time_max; #ifdef CONFIG_FSNOTIFY __u32 s_fsnotify_mask; struct fsnotify_mark_connector __rcu *s_fsnotify_marks; #endif char s_id[32]; /* Informational name */ uuid_t s_uuid; /* UUID */ unsigned int s_max_links; fmode_t s_mode; /* * The next field is for VFS *only*. No filesystems have any business * even looking at it. You had been warned. */ struct mutex s_vfs_rename_mutex; /* Kludge */ /* * Filesystem subtype. If non-empty the filesystem type field * in /proc/mounts will be "type.subtype" */ const char *s_subtype; const struct dentry_operations *s_d_op; /* default d_op for dentries */ /* * Saved pool identifier for cleancache (-1 means none) */ int cleancache_poolid; struct shrinker s_shrink; /* per-sb shrinker handle */ /* Number of inodes with nlink == 0 but still referenced */ atomic_long_t s_remove_count; /* Pending fsnotify inode refs */ atomic_long_t s_fsnotify_inode_refs; /* Being remounted read-only */ int s_readonly_remount; /* per-sb errseq_t for reporting writeback errors via syncfs */ errseq_t s_wb_err; /* AIO completions deferred from interrupt context */ struct workqueue_struct *s_dio_done_wq; struct hlist_head s_pins; /* * Owning user namespace and default context in which to * interpret filesystem uids, gids, quotas, device nodes, * xattrs and security labels. */ struct user_namespace *s_user_ns; /* * The list_lru structure is essentially just a pointer to a table * of per-node lru lists, each of which has its own spinlock. * There is no need to put them into separate cachelines. */ struct list_lru s_dentry_lru; struct list_lru s_inode_lru; struct rcu_head rcu; struct work_struct destroy_work; struct mutex s_sync_lock; /* sync serialisation lock */ /* * Indicates how deep in a filesystem stack this SB is */ int s_stack_depth; /* s_inode_list_lock protects s_inodes */ spinlock_t s_inode_list_lock ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; struct list_head s_inodes; /* all inodes */ spinlock_t s_inode_wblist_lock; struct list_head s_inodes_wb; /* writeback inodes */ } __randomize_layout; /* Helper functions so that in most cases filesystems will * not need to deal directly with kuid_t and kgid_t and can * instead deal with the raw numeric values that are stored * in the filesystem. */ static inline uid_t i_uid_read(const struct inode *inode) { return from_kuid(inode->i_sb->s_user_ns, inode->i_uid); } static inline gid_t i_gid_read(const struct inode *inode) { return from_kgid(inode->i_sb->s_user_ns, inode->i_gid); } static inline void i_uid_write(struct inode *inode, uid_t uid) { inode->i_uid = make_kuid(inode->i_sb->s_user_ns, uid); } static inline void i_gid_write(struct inode *inode, gid_t gid) { inode->i_gid = make_kgid(inode->i_sb->s_user_ns, gid); } extern struct timespec64 current_time(struct inode *inode); /* * Snapshotting support. */ /* * These are internal functions, please use sb_start_{write,pagefault,intwrite} * instead. */ static inline void __sb_end_write(struct super_block *sb, int level) { percpu_up_read(sb->s_writers.rw_sem + level-1); } static inline void __sb_start_write(struct super_block *sb, int level) { percpu_down_read(sb->s_writers.rw_sem + level - 1); } static inline bool __sb_start_write_trylock(struct super_block *sb, int level) { return percpu_down_read_trylock(sb->s_writers.rw_sem + level - 1); } #define __sb_writers_acquired(sb, lev) \ percpu_rwsem_acquire(&(sb)->s_writers.rw_sem[(lev)-1], 1, _THIS_IP_) #define __sb_writers_release(sb, lev) \ percpu_rwsem_release(&(sb)->s_writers.rw_sem[(lev)-1], 1, _THIS_IP_) /** * sb_end_write - drop write access to a superblock * @sb: the super we wrote to * * Decrement number of writers to the filesystem. Wake up possible waiters * wanting to freeze the filesystem. */ static inline void sb_end_write(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_end_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_WRITE); } /** * sb_end_pagefault - drop write access to a superblock from a page fault * @sb: the super we wrote to * * Decrement number of processes handling write page fault to the filesystem. * Wake up possible waiters wanting to freeze the filesystem. */ static inline void sb_end_pagefault(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_end_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_PAGEFAULT); } /** * sb_end_intwrite - drop write access to a superblock for internal fs purposes * @sb: the super we wrote to * * Decrement fs-internal number of writers to the filesystem. Wake up possible * waiters wanting to freeze the filesystem. */ static inline void sb_end_intwrite(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_end_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_FS); } /** * sb_start_write - get write access to a superblock * @sb: the super we write to * * When a process wants to write data or metadata to a file system (i.e. dirty * a page or an inode), it should embed the operation in a sb_start_write() - * sb_end_write() pair to get exclusion against file system freezing. This * function increments number of writers preventing freezing. If the file * system is already frozen, the function waits until the file system is * thawed. * * Since freeze protection behaves as a lock, users have to preserve * ordering of freeze protection and other filesystem locks. Generally, * freeze protection should be the outermost lock. In particular, we have: * * sb_start_write * -> i_mutex (write path, truncate, directory ops, ...) * -> s_umount (freeze_super, thaw_super) */ static inline void sb_start_write(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_start_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_WRITE); } static inline bool sb_start_write_trylock(struct super_block *sb) { return __sb_start_write_trylock(sb, SB_FREEZE_WRITE); } /** * sb_start_pagefault - get write access to a superblock from a page fault * @sb: the super we write to * * When a process starts handling write page fault, it should embed the * operation into sb_start_pagefault() - sb_end_pagefault() pair to get * exclusion against file system freezing. This is needed since the page fault * is going to dirty a page. This function increments number of running page * faults preventing freezing. If the file system is already frozen, the * function waits until the file system is thawed. * * Since page fault freeze protection behaves as a lock, users have to preserve * ordering of freeze protection and other filesystem locks. It is advised to * put sb_start_pagefault() close to mmap_lock in lock ordering. Page fault * handling code implies lock dependency: * * mmap_lock * -> sb_start_pagefault */ static inline void sb_start_pagefault(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_start_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_PAGEFAULT); } /* * sb_start_intwrite - get write access to a superblock for internal fs purposes * @sb: the super we write to * * This is the third level of protection against filesystem freezing. It is * free for use by a filesystem. The only requirement is that it must rank * below sb_start_pagefault. * * For example filesystem can call sb_start_intwrite() when starting a * transaction which somewhat eases handling of freezing for internal sources * of filesystem changes (internal fs threads, discarding preallocation on file * close, etc.). */ static inline void sb_start_intwrite(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_start_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_FS); } static inline bool sb_start_intwrite_trylock(struct super_block *sb) { return __sb_start_write_trylock(sb, SB_FREEZE_FS); } extern bool inode_owner_or_capable(const struct inode *inode); /* * VFS helper functions.. */ extern int vfs_create(struct inode *, struct dentry *, umode_t, bool); extern int vfs_mkdir(struct inode *, struct dentry *, umode_t); extern int vfs_mknod(struct inode *, struct dentry *, umode_t, dev_t); extern int vfs_symlink(struct inode *, struct dentry *, const char *); extern int vfs_link(struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode **); extern int vfs_rmdir(struct inode *, struct dentry *); extern int vfs_unlink(struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode **); extern int vfs_rename(struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode **, unsigned int); static inline int vfs_whiteout(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry) { return vfs_mknod(dir, dentry, S_IFCHR | WHITEOUT_MODE, WHITEOUT_DEV); } extern struct dentry *vfs_tmpfile(struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode, int open_flag); int vfs_mkobj(struct dentry *, umode_t, int (*f)(struct dentry *, umode_t, void *), void *); int vfs_fchown(struct file *file, uid_t user, gid_t group); int vfs_fchmod(struct file *file, umode_t mode); int vfs_utimes(const struct path *path, struct timespec64 *times); extern long vfs_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT extern long compat_ptr_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); #else #define compat_ptr_ioctl NULL #endif /* * VFS file helper functions. */ extern void inode_init_owner(struct inode *inode, const struct inode *dir, umode_t mode); extern bool may_open_dev(const struct path *path); /* * This is the "filldir" function type, used by readdir() to let * the kernel specify what kind of dirent layout it wants to have. * This allows the kernel to read directories into kernel space or * to have different dirent layouts depending on the binary type. */ struct dir_context; typedef int (*filldir_t)(struct dir_context *, const char *, int, loff_t, u64, unsigned); struct dir_context { filldir_t actor; loff_t pos; }; /* * These flags let !MMU mmap() govern direct device mapping vs immediate * copying more easily for MAP_PRIVATE, especially for ROM filesystems. * * NOMMU_MAP_COPY: Copy can be mapped (MAP_PRIVATE) * NOMMU_MAP_DIRECT: Can be mapped directly (MAP_SHARED) * NOMMU_MAP_READ: Can be mapped for reading * NOMMU_MAP_WRITE: Can be mapped for writing * NOMMU_MAP_EXEC: Can be mapped for execution */ #define NOMMU_MAP_COPY 0x00000001 #define NOMMU_MAP_DIRECT 0x00000008 #define NOMMU_MAP_READ VM_MAYREAD #define NOMMU_MAP_WRITE VM_MAYWRITE #define NOMMU_MAP_EXEC VM_MAYEXEC #define NOMMU_VMFLAGS \ (NOMMU_MAP_READ | NOMMU_MAP_WRITE | NOMMU_MAP_EXEC) /* * These flags control the behavior of the remap_file_range function pointer. * If it is called with len == 0 that means "remap to end of source file". * See Documentation/filesystems/vfs.rst for more details about this call. * * REMAP_FILE_DEDUP: only remap if contents identical (i.e. deduplicate) * REMAP_FILE_CAN_SHORTEN: caller can handle a shortened request */ #define REMAP_FILE_DEDUP (1 << 0) #define REMAP_FILE_CAN_SHORTEN (1 << 1) /* * These flags signal that the caller is ok with altering various aspects of * the behavior of the remap operation. The changes must be made by the * implementation; the vfs remap helper functions can take advantage of them. * Flags in this category exist to preserve the quirky behavior of the hoisted * btrfs clone/dedupe ioctls. */ #define REMAP_FILE_ADVISORY (REMAP_FILE_CAN_SHORTEN) struct iov_iter; struct file_operations { struct module *owner; loff_t (*llseek) (struct file *, loff_t, int); ssize_t (*read) (struct file *, char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); ssize_t (*write) (struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); ssize_t (*read_iter) (struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); ssize_t (*write_iter) (struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); int (*iopoll)(struct kiocb *kiocb, bool spin); int (*iterate) (struct file *, struct dir_context *); int (*iterate_shared) (struct file *, struct dir_context *); __poll_t (*poll) (struct file *, struct poll_table_struct *); long (*unlocked_ioctl) (struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long); long (*compat_ioctl) (struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long); int (*mmap) (struct file *, struct vm_area_struct *); unsigned long mmap_supported_flags; int (*open) (struct inode *, struct file *); int (*flush) (struct file *, fl_owner_t id); int (*release) (struct inode *, struct file *); int (*fsync) (struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int datasync); int (*fasync) (int, struct file *, int); int (*lock) (struct file *, int, struct file_lock *); ssize_t (*sendpage) (struct file *, struct page *, int, size_t, loff_t *, int); unsigned long (*get_unmapped_area)(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); int (*check_flags)(int); int (*flock) (struct file *, int, struct file_lock *); ssize_t (*splice_write)(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct file *, loff_t *, size_t, unsigned int); ssize_t (*splice_read)(struct file *, loff_t *, struct pipe_inode_info *, size_t, unsigned int); int (*setlease)(struct file *, long, struct file_lock **, void **); long (*fallocate)(struct file *file, int mode, loff_t offset, loff_t len); void (*show_fdinfo)(struct seq_file *m, struct file *f); #ifndef CONFIG_MMU unsigned (*mmap_capabilities)(struct file *); #endif ssize_t (*copy_file_range)(struct file *, loff_t, struct file *, loff_t, size_t, unsigned int); loff_t (*remap_file_range)(struct file *file_in, loff_t pos_in, struct file *file_out, loff_t pos_out, loff_t len, unsigned int remap_flags); int (*fadvise)(struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int); } __randomize_layout; struct inode_operations { struct dentry * (*lookup) (struct inode *,struct dentry *, unsigned int); const char * (*get_link) (struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct delayed_call *); int (*permission) (struct inode *, int); struct posix_acl * (*get_acl)(struct inode *, int); int (*readlink) (struct dentry *, char __user *,int); int (*create) (struct inode *,struct dentry *, umode_t, bool); int (*link) (struct dentry *,struct inode *,struct dentry *); int (*unlink) (struct inode *,struct dentry *); int (*symlink) (struct inode *,struct dentry *,const char *); int (*mkdir) (struct inode *,struct dentry *,umode_t); int (*rmdir) (struct inode *,struct dentry *); int (*mknod) (struct inode *,struct dentry *,umode_t,dev_t); int (*rename) (struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct dentry *, unsigned int); int (*setattr) (struct dentry *, struct iattr *); int (*getattr) (const struct path *, struct kstat *, u32, unsigned int); ssize_t (*listxattr) (struct dentry *, char *, size_t); int (*fiemap)(struct inode *, struct fiemap_extent_info *, u64 start, u64 len); int (*update_time)(struct inode *, struct timespec64 *, int); int (*atomic_open)(struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct file *, unsigned open_flag, umode_t create_mode); int (*tmpfile) (struct inode *, struct dentry *, umode_t); int (*set_acl)(struct inode *, struct posix_acl *, int); } ____cacheline_aligned; static inline ssize_t call_read_iter(struct file *file, struct kiocb *kio, struct iov_iter *iter) { return file->f_op->read_iter(kio, iter); } static inline ssize_t call_write_iter(struct file *file, struct kiocb *kio, struct iov_iter *iter) { return file->f_op->write_iter(kio, iter); } static inline int call_mmap(struct file *file, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return file->f_op->mmap(file, vma); } extern ssize_t vfs_read(struct file *, char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern ssize_t vfs_write(struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern ssize_t vfs_copy_file_range(struct file *, loff_t , struct file *, loff_t, size_t, unsigned int); extern ssize_t generic_copy_file_range(struct file *file_in, loff_t pos_in, struct file *file_out, loff_t pos_out, size_t len, unsigned int flags); extern int generic_remap_file_range_prep(struct file *file_in, loff_t pos_in, struct file *file_out, loff_t pos_out, loff_t *count, unsigned int remap_flags); extern loff_t do_clone_file_range(struct file *file_in, loff_t pos_in, struct file *file_out, loff_t pos_out, loff_t len, unsigned int remap_flags); extern loff_t vfs_clone_file_range(struct file *file_in, loff_t pos_in, struct file *file_out, loff_t pos_out, loff_t len, unsigned int remap_flags); extern int vfs_dedupe_file_range(struct file *file, struct file_dedupe_range *same); extern loff_t vfs_dedupe_file_range_one(struct file *src_file, loff_t src_pos, struct file *dst_file, loff_t dst_pos, loff_t len, unsigned int remap_flags); struct super_operations { struct inode *(*alloc_inode)(struct super_block *sb); void (*destroy_inode)(struct inode *); void (*free_inode)(struct inode *); void (*dirty_inode) (struct inode *, int flags); int (*write_inode) (struct inode *, struct writeback_control *wbc); int (*drop_inode) (struct inode *); void (*evict_inode) (struct inode *); void (*put_super) (struct super_block *); int (*sync_fs)(struct super_block *sb, int wait); int (*freeze_super) (struct super_block *); int (*freeze_fs) (struct super_block *); int (*thaw_super) (struct super_block *); int (*unfreeze_fs) (struct super_block *); int (*statfs) (struct dentry *, struct kstatfs *); int (*remount_fs) (struct super_block *, int *, char *); void (*umount_begin) (struct super_block *); int (*show_options)(struct seq_file *, struct dentry *); int (*show_devname)(struct seq_file *, struct dentry *); int (*show_path)(struct seq_file *, struct dentry *); int (*show_stats)(struct seq_file *, struct dentry *); #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA ssize_t (*quota_read)(struct super_block *, int, char *, size_t, loff_t); ssize_t (*quota_write)(struct super_block *, int, const char *, size_t, loff_t); struct dquot **(*get_dquots)(struct inode *); #endif int (*bdev_try_to_free_page)(struct super_block*, struct page*, gfp_t); long (*nr_cached_objects)(struct super_block *, struct shrink_control *); long (*free_cached_objects)(struct super_block *, struct shrink_control *); }; /* * Inode flags - they have no relation to superblock flags now */ #define S_SYNC (1 << 0) /* Writes are synced at once */ #define S_NOATIME (1 << 1) /* Do not update access times */ #define S_APPEND (1 << 2) /* Append-only file */ #define S_IMMUTABLE (1 << 3) /* Immutable file */ #define S_DEAD (1 << 4) /* removed, but still open directory */ #define S_NOQUOTA (1 << 5) /* Inode is not counted to quota */ #define S_DIRSYNC (1 << 6) /* Directory modifications are synchronous */ #define S_NOCMTIME (1 << 7) /* Do not update file c/mtime */ #define S_SWAPFILE (1 << 8) /* Do not truncate: swapon got its bmaps */ #define S_PRIVATE (1 << 9) /* Inode is fs-internal */ #define S_IMA (1 << 10) /* Inode has an associated IMA struct */ #define S_AUTOMOUNT (1 << 11) /* Automount/referral quasi-directory */ #define S_NOSEC (1 << 12) /* no suid or xattr security attributes */ #ifdef CONFIG_FS_DAX #define S_DAX (1 << 13) /* Direct Access, avoiding the page cache */ #else #define S_DAX 0 /* Make all the DAX code disappear */ #endif #define S_ENCRYPTED (1 << 14) /* Encrypted file (using fs/crypto/) */ #define S_CASEFOLD (1 << 15) /* Casefolded file */ #define S_VERITY (1 << 16) /* Verity file (using fs/verity/) */ /* * Note that nosuid etc flags are inode-specific: setting some file-system * flags just means all the inodes inherit those flags by default. It might be * possible to override it selectively if you really wanted to with some * ioctl() that is not currently implemented. * * Exception: SB_RDONLY is always applied to the entire file system. * * Unfortunately, it is possible to change a filesystems flags with it mounted * with files in use. This means that all of the inodes will not have their * i_flags updated. Hence, i_flags no longer inherit the superblock mount * flags, so these have to be checked separately. -- rmk@arm.uk.linux.org */ #define __IS_FLG(inode, flg) ((inode)->i_sb->s_flags & (flg)) static inline bool sb_rdonly(const struct super_block *sb) { return sb->s_flags & SB_RDONLY; } #define IS_RDONLY(inode) sb_rdonly((inode)->i_sb) #define IS_SYNC(inode) (__IS_FLG(inode, SB_SYNCHRONOUS) || \ ((inode)->i_flags & S_SYNC)) #define IS_DIRSYNC(inode) (__IS_FLG(inode, SB_SYNCHRONOUS|SB_DIRSYNC) || \ ((inode)->i_flags & (S_SYNC|S_DIRSYNC))) #define IS_MANDLOCK(inode) __IS_FLG(inode, SB_MANDLOCK) #define IS_NOATIME(inode) __IS_FLG(inode, SB_RDONLY|SB_NOATIME) #define IS_I_VERSION(inode) __IS_FLG(inode, SB_I_VERSION) #define IS_NOQUOTA(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_NOQUOTA) #define IS_APPEND(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_APPEND) #define IS_IMMUTABLE(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_IMMUTABLE) #define IS_POSIXACL(inode) __IS_FLG(inode, SB_POSIXACL) #define IS_DEADDIR(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_DEAD) #define IS_NOCMTIME(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_NOCMTIME) #define IS_SWAPFILE(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_SWAPFILE) #define IS_PRIVATE(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_PRIVATE) #define IS_IMA(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_IMA) #define IS_AUTOMOUNT(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_AUTOMOUNT) #define IS_NOSEC(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_NOSEC) #define IS_DAX(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_DAX) #define IS_ENCRYPTED(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_ENCRYPTED) #define IS_CASEFOLDED(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_CASEFOLD) #define IS_VERITY(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_VERITY) #define IS_WHITEOUT(inode) (S_ISCHR(inode->i_mode) && \ (inode)->i_rdev == WHITEOUT_DEV) static inline bool HAS_UNMAPPED_ID(struct inode *inode) { return !uid_valid(inode->i_uid) || !gid_valid(inode->i_gid); } static inline enum rw_hint file_write_hint(struct file *file) { if (file->f_write_hint != WRITE_LIFE_NOT_SET) return file->f_write_hint; return file_inode(file)->i_write_hint; } static inline int iocb_flags(struct file *file); static inline u16 ki_hint_validate(enum rw_hint hint) { typeof(((struct kiocb *)0)->ki_hint) max_hint = -1; if (hint <= max_hint) return hint; return 0; } static inline void init_sync_kiocb(struct kiocb *kiocb, struct file *filp) { *kiocb = (struct kiocb) { .ki_filp = filp, .ki_flags = iocb_flags(filp), .ki_hint = ki_hint_validate(file_write_hint(filp)), .ki_ioprio = get_current_ioprio(), }; } static inline void kiocb_clone(struct kiocb *kiocb, struct kiocb *kiocb_src, struct file *filp) { *kiocb = (struct kiocb) { .ki_filp = filp, .ki_flags = kiocb_src->ki_flags, .ki_hint = kiocb_src->ki_hint, .ki_ioprio = kiocb_src->ki_ioprio, .ki_pos = kiocb_src->ki_pos, }; } /* * Inode state bits. Protected by inode->i_lock * * Three bits determine the dirty state of the inode, I_DIRTY_SYNC, * I_DIRTY_DATASYNC and I_DIRTY_PAGES. * * Four bits define the lifetime of an inode. Initially, inodes are I_NEW, * until that flag is cleared. I_WILL_FREE, I_FREEING and I_CLEAR are set at * various stages of removing an inode. * * Two bits are used for locking and completion notification, I_NEW and I_SYNC. * * I_DIRTY_SYNC Inode is dirty, but doesn't have to be written on * fdatasync(). i_atime is the usual cause. * I_DIRTY_DATASYNC Data-related inode changes pending. We keep track of * these changes separately from I_DIRTY_SYNC so that we * don't have to write inode on fdatasync() when only * mtime has changed in it. * I_DIRTY_PAGES Inode has dirty pages. Inode itself may be clean. * I_NEW Serves as both a mutex and completion notification. * New inodes set I_NEW. If two processes both create * the same inode, one of them will release its inode and * wait for I_NEW to be released before returning. * Inodes in I_WILL_FREE, I_FREEING or I_CLEAR state can * also cause waiting on I_NEW, without I_NEW actually * being set. find_inode() uses this to prevent returning * nearly-dead inodes. * I_WILL_FREE Must be set when calling write_inode_now() if i_count * is zero. I_FREEING must be set when I_WILL_FREE is * cleared. * I_FREEING Set when inode is about to be freed but still has dirty * pages or buffers attached or the inode itself is still * dirty. * I_CLEAR Added by clear_inode(). In this state the inode is * clean and can be destroyed. Inode keeps I_FREEING. * * Inodes that are I_WILL_FREE, I_FREEING or I_CLEAR are * prohibited for many purposes. iget() must wait for * the inode to be completely released, then create it * anew. Other functions will just ignore such inodes, * if appropriate. I_NEW is used for waiting. * * I_SYNC Writeback of inode is running. The bit is set during * data writeback, and cleared with a wakeup on the bit * address once it is done. The bit is also used to pin * the inode in memory for flusher thread. * * I_REFERENCED Marks the inode as recently references on the LRU list. * * I_DIO_WAKEUP Never set. Only used as a key for wait_on_bit(). * * I_WB_SWITCH Cgroup bdi_writeback switching in progress. Used to * synchronize competing switching instances and to tell * wb stat updates to grab the i_pages lock. See * inode_switch_wbs_work_fn() for details. * * I_OVL_INUSE Used by overlayfs to get exclusive ownership on upper * and work dirs among overlayfs mounts. * * I_CREATING New object's inode in the middle of setting up. * * I_DONTCACHE Evict inode as soon as it is not used anymore. * * I_SYNC_QUEUED Inode is queued in b_io or b_more_io writeback lists. * Used to detect that mark_inode_dirty() should not move * inode between dirty lists. * * Q: What is the difference between I_WILL_FREE and I_FREEING? */ #define I_DIRTY_SYNC (1 << 0) #define I_DIRTY_DATASYNC (1 << 1) #define I_DIRTY_PAGES (1 << 2) #define __I_NEW 3 #define I_NEW (1 << __I_NEW) #define I_WILL_FREE (1 << 4) #define I_FREEING (1 << 5) #define I_CLEAR (1 << 6) #define __I_SYNC 7 #define I_SYNC (1 << __I_SYNC) #define I_REFERENCED (1 << 8) #define __I_DIO_WAKEUP 9 #define I_DIO_WAKEUP (1 << __I_DIO_WAKEUP) #define I_LINKABLE (1 << 10) #define I_DIRTY_TIME (1 << 11) #define I_WB_SWITCH (1 << 13) #define I_OVL_INUSE (1 << 14) #define I_CREATING (1 << 15) #define I_DONTCACHE (1 << 16) #define I_SYNC_QUEUED (1 << 17) #define I_DIRTY_INODE (I_DIRTY_SYNC | I_DIRTY_DATASYNC) #define I_DIRTY (I_DIRTY_INODE | I_DIRTY_PAGES) #define I_DIRTY_ALL (I_DIRTY | I_DIRTY_TIME) extern void __mark_inode_dirty(struct inode *, int); static inline void mark_inode_dirty(struct inode *inode) { __mark_inode_dirty(inode, I_DIRTY); } static inline void mark_inode_dirty_sync(struct inode *inode) { __mark_inode_dirty(inode, I_DIRTY_SYNC); } extern void inc_nlink(struct inode *inode); extern void drop_nlink(struct inode *inode); extern void clear_nlink(struct inode *inode); extern void set_nlink(struct inode *inode, unsigned int nlink); static inline void inode_inc_link_count(struct inode *inode) { inc_nlink(inode); mark_inode_dirty(inode); } static inline void inode_dec_link_count(struct inode *inode) { drop_nlink(inode); mark_inode_dirty(inode); } enum file_time_flags { S_ATIME = 1, S_MTIME = 2, S_CTIME = 4, S_VERSION = 8, }; extern bool atime_needs_update(const struct path *, struct inode *); extern void touch_atime(const struct path *); int inode_update_time(struct inode *inode, struct timespec64 *time, int flags); static inline void file_accessed(struct file *file) { if (!(file->f_flags & O_NOATIME)) touch_atime(&file->f_path); } extern int file_modified(struct file *file); int sync_inode(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc); int sync_inode_metadata(struct inode *inode, int wait); struct file_system_type { const char *name; int fs_flags; #define FS_REQUIRES_DEV 1 #define FS_BINARY_MOUNTDATA 2 #define FS_HAS_SUBTYPE 4 #define FS_USERNS_MOUNT 8 /* Can be mounted by userns root */ #define FS_DISALLOW_NOTIFY_PERM 16 /* Disable fanotify permission events */ #define FS_THP_SUPPORT 8192 /* Remove once all fs converted */ #define FS_RENAME_DOES_D_MOVE 32768 /* FS will handle d_move() during rename() internally. */ int (*init_fs_context)(struct fs_context *); const struct fs_parameter_spec *parameters; struct dentry *(*mount) (struct file_system_type *, int, const char *, void *); void (*kill_sb) (struct super_block *); struct module *owner; struct file_system_type * next; struct hlist_head fs_supers; struct lock_class_key s_lock_key; struct lock_class_key s_umount_key; struct lock_class_key s_vfs_rename_key; struct lock_class_key s_writers_key[SB_FREEZE_LEVELS]; struct lock_class_key i_lock_key; struct lock_class_key i_mutex_key; struct lock_class_key i_mutex_dir_key; }; #define MODULE_ALIAS_FS(NAME) MODULE_ALIAS("fs-" NAME) extern struct dentry *mount_bdev(struct file_system_type *fs_type, int flags, const char *dev_name, void *data, int (*fill_super)(struct super_block *, void *, int)); extern struct dentry *mount_single(struct file_system_type *fs_type, int flags, void *data, int (*fill_super)(struct super_block *, void *, int)); extern struct dentry *mount_nodev(struct file_system_type *fs_type, int flags, void *data, int (*fill_super)(struct super_block *, void *, int)); extern struct dentry *mount_subtree(struct vfsmount *mnt, const char *path); void generic_shutdown_super(struct super_block *sb); void kill_block_super(struct super_block *sb); void kill_anon_super(struct super_block *sb); void kill_litter_super(struct super_block *sb); void deactivate_super(struct super_block *sb); void deactivate_locked_super(struct super_block *sb); int set_anon_super(struct super_block *s, void *data); int set_anon_super_fc(struct super_block *s, struct fs_context *fc); int get_anon_bdev(dev_t *); void free_anon_bdev(dev_t); struct super_block *sget_fc(struct fs_context *fc, int (*test)(struct super_block *, struct fs_context *), int (*set)(struct super_block *, struct fs_context *)); struct super_block *sget(struct file_system_type *type, int (*test)(struct super_block *,void *), int (*set)(struct super_block *,void *), int flags, void *data); /* Alas, no aliases. Too much hassle with bringing module.h everywhere */ #define fops_get(fops) \ (((fops) && try_module_get((fops)->owner) ? (fops) : NULL)) #define fops_put(fops) \ do { if (fops) module_put((fops)->owner); } while(0) /* * This one is to be used *ONLY* from ->open() instances. * fops must be non-NULL, pinned down *and* module dependencies * should be sufficient to pin the caller down as well. */ #define replace_fops(f, fops) \ do { \ struct file *__file = (f); \ fops_put(__file->f_op); \ BUG_ON(!(__file->f_op = (fops))); \ } while(0) extern int register_filesystem(struct file_system_type *); extern int unregister_filesystem(struct file_system_type *); extern struct vfsmount *kern_mount(struct file_system_type *); extern void kern_unmount(struct vfsmount *mnt); extern int may_umount_tree(struct vfsmount *); extern int may_umount(struct vfsmount *); extern long do_mount(const char *, const char __user *, const char *, unsigned long, void *); extern struct vfsmount *collect_mounts(const struct path *); extern void drop_collected_mounts(struct vfsmount *); extern int iterate_mounts(int (*)(struct vfsmount *, void *), void *, struct vfsmount *); extern int vfs_statfs(const struct path *, struct kstatfs *); extern int user_statfs(const char __user *, struct kstatfs *); extern int fd_statfs(int, struct kstatfs *); extern int freeze_super(struct super_block *super); extern int thaw_super(struct super_block *super); extern bool our_mnt(struct vfsmount *mnt); extern __printf(2, 3) int super_setup_bdi_name(struct super_block *sb, char *fmt, ...); extern int super_setup_bdi(struct super_block *sb); extern int current_umask(void); extern void ihold(struct inode * inode); extern void iput(struct inode *); extern int generic_update_time(struct inode *, struct timespec64 *, int); /* /sys/fs */ extern struct kobject *fs_kobj; #define MAX_RW_COUNT (INT_MAX & PAGE_MASK) #ifdef CONFIG_MANDATORY_FILE_LOCKING extern int locks_mandatory_locked(struct file *); extern int locks_mandatory_area(struct inode *, struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, unsigned char); /* * Candidates for mandatory locking have the setgid bit set * but no group execute bit - an otherwise meaningless combination. */ static inline int __mandatory_lock(struct inode *ino) { return (ino->i_mode & (S_ISGID | S_IXGRP)) == S_ISGID; } /* * ... and these candidates should be on SB_MANDLOCK mounted fs, * otherwise these will be advisory locks */ static inline int mandatory_lock(struct inode *ino) { return IS_MANDLOCK(ino) && __mandatory_lock(ino); } static inline int locks_verify_locked(struct file *file) { if (mandatory_lock(locks_inode(file))) return locks_mandatory_locked(file); return 0; } static inline int locks_verify_truncate(struct inode *inode, struct file *f, loff_t size) { if (!inode->i_flctx || !mandatory_lock(inode)) return 0; if (size < inode->i_size) { return locks_mandatory_area(inode, f, size, inode->i_size - 1, F_WRLCK); } else { return locks_mandatory_area(inode, f, inode->i_size, size - 1, F_WRLCK); } } #else /* !CONFIG_MANDATORY_FILE_LOCKING */ static inline int locks_mandatory_locked(struct file *file) { return 0; } static inline int locks_mandatory_area(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp, loff_t start, loff_t end, unsigned char type) { return 0; } static inline int __mandatory_lock(struct inode *inode) { return 0; } static inline int mandatory_lock(struct inode *inode) { return 0; } static inline int locks_verify_locked(struct file *file) { return 0; } static inline int locks_verify_truncate(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp, size_t size) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_MANDATORY_FILE_LOCKING */ #ifdef CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING static inline int break_lease(struct inode *inode, unsigned int mode) { /* * Since this check is lockless, we must ensure that any refcounts * taken are done before checking i_flctx->flc_lease. Otherwise, we * could end up racing with tasks trying to set a new lease on this * file. */ smp_mb(); if (inode->i_flctx && !list_empty_careful(&inode->i_flctx->flc_lease)) return __break_lease(inode, mode, FL_LEASE); return 0; } static inline int break_deleg(struct inode *inode, unsigned int mode) { /* * Since this check is lockless, we must ensure that any refcounts * taken are done before checking i_flctx->flc_lease. Otherwise, we * could end up racing with tasks trying to set a new lease on this * file. */ smp_mb(); if (inode->i_flctx && !list_empty_careful(&inode->i_flctx->flc_lease)) return __break_lease(inode, mode, FL_DELEG); return 0; } static inline int try_break_deleg(struct inode *inode, struct inode **delegated_inode) { int ret; ret = break_deleg(inode, O_WRONLY|O_NONBLOCK); if (ret == -EWOULDBLOCK && delegated_inode) { *delegated_inode = inode; ihold(inode); } return ret; } static inline int break_deleg_wait(struct inode **delegated_inode) { int ret; ret = break_deleg(*delegated_inode, O_WRONLY); iput(*delegated_inode); *delegated_inode = NULL; return ret; } static inline int break_layout(struct inode *inode, bool wait) { smp_mb(); if (inode->i_flctx && !list_empty_careful(&inode->i_flctx->flc_lease)) return __break_lease(inode, wait ? O_WRONLY : O_WRONLY | O_NONBLOCK, FL_LAYOUT); return 0; } #else /* !CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING */ static inline int break_lease(struct inode *inode, unsigned int mode) { return 0; } static inline int break_deleg(struct inode *inode, unsigned int mode) { return 0; } static inline int try_break_deleg(struct inode *inode, struct inode **delegated_inode) { return 0; } static inline int break_deleg_wait(struct inode **delegated_inode) { BUG(); return 0; } static inline int break_layout(struct inode *inode, bool wait) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING */ /* fs/open.c */ struct audit_names; struct filename { const char *name; /* pointer to actual string */ const __user char *uptr; /* original userland pointer */ int refcnt; struct audit_names *aname; const char iname[]; }; static_assert(offsetof(struct filename, iname) % sizeof(long) == 0); extern long vfs_truncate(const struct path *, loff_t); extern int do_truncate(struct dentry *, loff_t start, unsigned int time_attrs, struct file *filp); extern int vfs_fallocate(struct file *file, int mode, loff_t offset, loff_t len); extern long do_sys_open(int dfd, const char __user *filename, int flags, umode_t mode); extern struct file *file_open_name(struct filename *, int, umode_t); extern struct file *filp_open(const char *, int, umode_t); extern struct file *file_open_root(struct dentry *, struct vfsmount *, const char *, int, umode_t); extern struct file * dentry_open(const struct path *, int, const struct cred *); extern struct file * open_with_fake_path(const struct path *, int, struct inode*, const struct cred *); static inline struct file *file_clone_open(struct file *file) { return dentry_open(&file->f_path, file->f_flags, file->f_cred); } extern int filp_close(struct file *, fl_owner_t id); extern struct filename *getname_flags(const char __user *, int, int *); extern struct filename *getname(const char __user *); extern struct filename *getname_kernel(const char *); extern void putname(struct filename *name); extern int finish_open(struct file *file, struct dentry *dentry, int (*open)(struct inode *, struct file *)); extern int finish_no_open(struct file *file, struct dentry *dentry); /* fs/dcache.c */ extern void __init vfs_caches_init_early(void); extern void __init vfs_caches_init(void); extern struct kmem_cache *names_cachep; #define __getname() kmem_cache_alloc(names_cachep, GFP_KERNEL) #define __putname(name) kmem_cache_free(names_cachep, (void *)(name)) extern struct super_block *blockdev_superblock; static inline bool sb_is_blkdev_sb(struct super_block *sb) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BLOCK) && sb == blockdev_superblock; } void emergency_thaw_all(void); extern int sync_filesystem(struct super_block *); extern const struct file_operations def_blk_fops; extern const struct file_operations def_chr_fops; /* fs/char_dev.c */ #define CHRDEV_MAJOR_MAX 512 /* Marks the bottom of the first segment of free char majors */ #define CHRDEV_MAJOR_DYN_END 234 /* Marks the top and bottom of the second segment of free char majors */ #define CHRDEV_MAJOR_DYN_EXT_START 511 #define CHRDEV_MAJOR_DYN_EXT_END 384 extern int alloc_chrdev_region(dev_t *, unsigned, unsigned, const char *); extern int register_chrdev_region(dev_t, unsigned, const char *); extern int __register_chrdev(unsigned int major, unsigned int baseminor, unsigned int count, const char *name, const struct file_operations *fops); extern void __unregister_chrdev(unsigned int major, unsigned int baseminor, unsigned int count, const char *name); extern void unregister_chrdev_region(dev_t, unsigned); extern void chrdev_show(struct seq_file *,off_t); static inline int register_chrdev(unsigned int major, const char *name, const struct file_operations *fops) { return __register_chrdev(major, 0, 256, name, fops); } static inline void unregister_chrdev(unsigned int major, const char *name) { __unregister_chrdev(major, 0, 256, name); } extern void init_special_inode(struct inode *, umode_t, dev_t); /* Invalid inode operations -- fs/bad_inode.c */ extern void make_bad_inode(struct inode *); extern bool is_bad_inode(struct inode *); unsigned long invalidate_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t end); void invalidate_mapping_pagevec(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t end, unsigned long *nr_pagevec); static inline void invalidate_remote_inode(struct inode *inode) { if (S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) || S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode) || S_ISLNK(inode->i_mode)) invalidate_mapping_pages(inode->i_mapping, 0, -1); } extern int invalidate_inode_pages2(struct address_space *mapping); extern int invalidate_inode_pages2_range(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t end); extern int write_inode_now(struct inode *, int); extern int filemap_fdatawrite(struct address_space *); extern int filemap_flush(struct address_space *); extern int filemap_fdatawait_keep_errors(struct address_space *mapping); extern int filemap_fdatawait_range(struct address_space *, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); extern int filemap_fdatawait_range_keep_errors(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start_byte, loff_t end_byte); static inline int filemap_fdatawait(struct address_space *mapping) { return filemap_fdatawait_range(mapping, 0, LLONG_MAX); } extern bool filemap_range_has_page(struct address_space *, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); extern int filemap_write_and_wait_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); extern int __filemap_fdatawrite_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start, loff_t end, int sync_mode); extern int filemap_fdatawrite_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start, loff_t end); extern int filemap_check_errors(struct address_space *mapping); extern void __filemap_set_wb_err(struct address_space *mapping, int err); static inline int filemap_write_and_wait(struct address_space *mapping) { return filemap_write_and_wait_range(mapping, 0, LLONG_MAX); } extern int __must_check file_fdatawait_range(struct file *file, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); extern int __must_check file_check_and_advance_wb_err(struct file *file); extern int __must_check file_write_and_wait_range(struct file *file, loff_t start, loff_t end); static inline int file_write_and_wait(struct file *file) { return file_write_and_wait_range(file, 0, LLONG_MAX); } /** * filemap_set_wb_err - set a writeback error on an address_space * @mapping: mapping in which to set writeback error * @err: error to be set in mapping * * When writeback fails in some way, we must record that error so that * userspace can be informed when fsync and the like are called. We endeavor * to report errors on any file that was open at the time of the error. Some * internal callers also need to know when writeback errors have occurred. * * When a writeback error occurs, most filesystems will want to call * filemap_set_wb_err to record the error in the mapping so that it will be * automatically reported whenever fsync is called on the file. */ static inline void filemap_set_wb_err(struct address_space *mapping, int err) { /* Fastpath for common case of no error */ if (unlikely(err)) __filemap_set_wb_err(mapping, err); } /** * filemap_check_wb_err - has an error occurred since the mark was sampled? * @mapping: mapping to check for writeback errors * @since: previously-sampled errseq_t * * Grab the errseq_t value from the mapping, and see if it has changed "since" * the given value was sampled. * * If it has then report the latest error set, otherwise return 0. */ static inline int filemap_check_wb_err(struct address_space *mapping, errseq_t since) { return errseq_check(&mapping->wb_err, since); } /** * filemap_sample_wb_err - sample the current errseq_t to test for later errors * @mapping: mapping to be sampled * * Writeback errors are always reported relative to a particular sample point * in the past. This function provides those sample points. */ static inline errseq_t filemap_sample_wb_err(struct address_space *mapping) { return errseq_sample(&mapping->wb_err); } /** * file_sample_sb_err - sample the current errseq_t to test for later errors * @file: file pointer to be sampled * * Grab the most current superblock-level errseq_t value for the given * struct file. */ static inline errseq_t file_sample_sb_err(struct file *file) { return errseq_sample(&file->f_path.dentry->d_sb->s_wb_err); } extern int vfs_fsync_range(struct file *file, loff_t start, loff_t end, int datasync); extern int vfs_fsync(struct file *file, int datasync); extern int sync_file_range(struct file *file, loff_t offset, loff_t nbytes, unsigned int flags); /* * Sync the bytes written if this was a synchronous write. Expect ki_pos * to already be updated for the write, and will return either the amount * of bytes passed in, or an error if syncing the file failed. */ static inline ssize_t generic_write_sync(struct kiocb *iocb, ssize_t count) { if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_DSYNC) { int ret = vfs_fsync_range(iocb->ki_filp, iocb->ki_pos - count, iocb->ki_pos - 1, (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_SYNC) ? 0 : 1); if (ret) return ret; } return count; } extern void emergency_sync(void); extern void emergency_remount(void); #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK extern int bmap(struct inode *inode, sector_t *block); #else static inline int bmap(struct inode *inode, sector_t *block) { return -EINVAL; } #endif extern int notify_change(struct dentry *, struct iattr *, struct inode **); extern int inode_permission(struct inode *, int); extern int generic_permission(struct inode *, int); extern int __check_sticky(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode); static inline bool execute_ok(struct inode *inode) { return (inode->i_mode & S_IXUGO) || S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode); } static inline bool inode_wrong_type(const struct inode *inode, umode_t mode) { return (inode->i_mode ^ mode) & S_IFMT; } static inline void file_start_write(struct file *file) { if (!S_ISREG(file_inode(file)->i_mode)) return; sb_start_write(file_inode(file)->i_sb); } static inline bool file_start_write_trylock(struct file *file) { if (!S_ISREG(file_inode(file)->i_mode)) return true; return sb_start_write_trylock(file_inode(file)->i_sb); } static inline void file_end_write(struct file *file) { if (!S_ISREG(file_inode(file)->i_mode)) return; __sb_end_write(file_inode(file)->i_sb, SB_FREEZE_WRITE); } /* * get_write_access() gets write permission for a file. * put_write_access() releases this write permission. * This is used for regular files. * We cannot support write (and maybe mmap read-write shared) accesses and * MAP_DENYWRITE mmappings simultaneously. The i_writecount field of an inode * can have the following values: * 0: no writers, no VM_DENYWRITE mappings * < 0: (-i_writecount) vm_area_structs with VM_DENYWRITE set exist * > 0: (i_writecount) users are writing to the file. * * Normally we operate on that counter with atomic_{inc,dec} and it's safe * except for the cases where we don't hold i_writecount yet. Then we need to * use {get,deny}_write_access() - these functions check the sign and refuse * to do the change if sign is wrong. */ static inline int get_write_access(struct inode *inode) { return atomic_inc_unless_negative(&inode->i_writecount) ? 0 : -ETXTBSY; } static inline int deny_write_access(struct file *file) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(file); return atomic_dec_unless_positive(&inode->i_writecount) ? 0 : -ETXTBSY; } static inline void put_write_access(struct inode * inode) { atomic_dec(&inode->i_writecount); } static inline void allow_write_access(struct file *file) { if (file) atomic_inc(&file_inode(file)->i_writecount); } static inline bool inode_is_open_for_write(const struct inode *inode) { return atomic_read(&inode->i_writecount) > 0; } #if defined(CONFIG_IMA) || defined(CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING) static inline void i_readcount_dec(struct inode *inode) { BUG_ON(!atomic_read(&inode->i_readcount)); atomic_dec(&inode->i_readcount); } static inline void i_readcount_inc(struct inode *inode) { atomic_inc(&inode->i_readcount); } #else static inline void i_readcount_dec(struct inode *inode) { return; } static inline void i_readcount_inc(struct inode *inode) { return; } #endif extern int do_pipe_flags(int *, int); extern ssize_t kernel_read(struct file *, void *, size_t, loff_t *); ssize_t __kernel_read(struct file *file, void *buf, size_t count, loff_t *pos); extern ssize_t kernel_write(struct file *, const void *, size_t, loff_t *); extern ssize_t __kernel_write(struct file *, const void *, size_t, loff_t *); extern struct file * open_exec(const char *); /* fs/dcache.c -- generic fs support functions */ extern bool is_subdir(struct dentry *, struct dentry *); extern bool path_is_under(const struct path *, const struct path *); extern char *file_path(struct file *, char *, int); #include <linux/err.h> /* needed for stackable file system support */ extern loff_t default_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence); extern loff_t vfs_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence); extern int inode_init_always(struct super_block *, struct inode *); extern void inode_init_once(struct inode *); extern void address_space_init_once(struct address_space *mapping); extern struct inode * igrab(struct inode *); extern ino_t iunique(struct super_block *, ino_t); extern int inode_needs_sync(struct inode *inode); extern int generic_delete_inode(struct inode *inode); static inline int generic_drop_inode(struct inode *inode) { return !inode->i_nlink || inode_unhashed(inode); } extern void d_mark_dontcache(struct inode *inode); extern struct inode *ilookup5_nowait(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long hashval, int (*test)(struct inode *, void *), void *data); extern struct inode *ilookup5(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long hashval, int (*test)(struct inode *, void *), void *data); extern struct inode *ilookup(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long ino); extern struct inode *inode_insert5(struct inode *inode, unsigned long hashval, int (*test)(struct inode *, void *), int (*set)(struct inode *, void *), void *data); extern struct inode * iget5_locked(struct super_block *, unsigned long, int (*test)(struct inode *, void *), int (*set)(struct inode *, void *), void *); extern struct inode * iget_locked(struct super_block *, unsigned long); extern struct inode *find_inode_nowait(struct super_block *, unsigned long, int (*match)(struct inode *, unsigned long, void *), void *data); extern struct inode *find_inode_rcu(struct super_block *, unsigned long, int (*)(struct inode *, void *), void *); extern struct inode *find_inode_by_ino_rcu(struct super_block *, unsigned long); extern int insert_inode_locked4(struct inode *, unsigned long, int (*test)(struct inode *, void *), void *); extern int insert_inode_locked(struct inode *); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC extern void lockdep_annotate_inode_mutex_key(struct inode *inode); #else static inline void lockdep_annotate_inode_mutex_key(struct inode *inode) { }; #endif extern void unlock_new_inode(struct inode *); extern void discard_new_inode(struct inode *); extern unsigned int get_next_ino(void); extern void evict_inodes(struct super_block *sb); /* * Userspace may rely on the the inode number being non-zero. For example, glibc * simply ignores files with zero i_ino in unlink() and other places. * * As an additional complication, if userspace was compiled with * _FILE_OFFSET_BITS=32 on a 64-bit kernel we'll only end up reading out the * lower 32 bits, so we need to check that those aren't zero explicitly. With * _FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64, this may cause some harmless false-negatives, but * better safe than sorry. */ static inline bool is_zero_ino(ino_t ino) { return (u32)ino == 0; } extern void __iget(struct inode * inode); extern void iget_failed(struct inode *); extern void clear_inode(struct inode *); extern void __destroy_inode(struct inode *); extern struct inode *new_inode_pseudo(struct super_block *sb); extern struct inode *new_inode(struct super_block *sb); extern void free_inode_nonrcu(struct inode *inode); extern int should_remove_suid(struct dentry *); extern int file_remove_privs(struct file *); extern void __insert_inode_hash(struct inode *, unsigned long hashval); static inline void insert_inode_hash(struct inode *inode) { __insert_inode_hash(inode, inode->i_ino); } extern void __remove_inode_hash(struct inode *); static inline void remove_inode_hash(struct inode *inode) { if (!inode_unhashed(inode) && !hlist_fake(&inode->i_hash)) __remove_inode_hash(inode); } extern void inode_sb_list_add(struct inode *inode); extern int sb_set_blocksize(struct super_block *, int); extern int sb_min_blocksize(struct super_block *, int); extern int generic_file_mmap(struct file *, struct vm_area_struct *); extern int generic_file_readonly_mmap(struct file *, struct vm_area_struct *); extern ssize_t generic_write_checks(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); extern int generic_write_check_limits(struct file *file, loff_t pos, loff_t *count); extern int generic_file_rw_checks(struct file *file_in, struct file *file_out); extern ssize_t generic_file_buffered_read(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *to, ssize_t already_read); extern ssize_t generic_file_read_iter(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); extern ssize_t __generic_file_write_iter(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); extern ssize_t generic_file_write_iter(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); extern ssize_t generic_file_direct_write(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); extern ssize_t generic_perform_write(struct file *, struct iov_iter *, loff_t); ssize_t vfs_iter_read(struct file *file, struct iov_iter *iter, loff_t *ppos, rwf_t flags); ssize_t vfs_iter_write(struct file *file, struct iov_iter *iter, loff_t *ppos, rwf_t flags); ssize_t vfs_iocb_iter_read(struct file *file, struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter); ssize_t vfs_iocb_iter_write(struct file *file, struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter); /* fs/block_dev.c */ extern ssize_t blkdev_read_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *to); extern ssize_t blkdev_write_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from); extern int blkdev_fsync(struct file *filp, loff_t start, loff_t end, int datasync); extern void block_sync_page(struct page *page); /* fs/splice.c */ extern ssize_t generic_file_splice_read(struct file *, loff_t *, struct pipe_inode_info *, size_t, unsigned int); extern ssize_t iter_file_splice_write(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct file *, loff_t *, size_t, unsigned int); extern ssize_t generic_splice_sendpage(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, struct file *out, loff_t *, size_t len, unsigned int flags); extern long do_splice_direct(struct file *in, loff_t *ppos, struct file *out, loff_t *opos, size_t len, unsigned int flags); extern void file_ra_state_init(struct file_ra_state *ra, struct address_space *mapping); extern loff_t noop_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence); extern loff_t no_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence); extern loff_t vfs_setpos(struct file *file, loff_t offset, loff_t maxsize); extern loff_t generic_file_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence); extern loff_t generic_file_llseek_size(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence, loff_t maxsize, loff_t eof); extern loff_t fixed_size_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence, loff_t size); extern loff_t no_seek_end_llseek_size(struct file *, loff_t, int, loff_t); extern loff_t no_seek_end_llseek(struct file *, loff_t, int); extern int generic_file_open(struct inode * inode, struct file * filp); extern int nonseekable_open(struct inode * inode, struct file * filp); extern int stream_open(struct inode * inode, struct file * filp); #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK typedef void (dio_submit_t)(struct bio *bio, struct inode *inode, loff_t file_offset); enum { /* need locking between buffered and direct access */ DIO_LOCKING = 0x01, /* filesystem does not support filling holes */ DIO_SKIP_HOLES = 0x02, }; ssize_t __blockdev_direct_IO(struct kiocb *iocb, struct inode *inode, struct block_device *bdev, struct iov_iter *iter, get_block_t get_block, dio_iodone_t end_io, dio_submit_t submit_io, int flags); static inline ssize_t blockdev_direct_IO(struct kiocb *iocb, struct inode *inode, struct iov_iter *iter, get_block_t get_block) { return __blockdev_direct_IO(iocb, inode, inode->i_sb->s_bdev, iter, get_block, NULL, NULL, DIO_LOCKING | DIO_SKIP_HOLES); } #endif void inode_dio_wait(struct inode *inode); /* * inode_dio_begin - signal start of a direct I/O requests * @inode: inode the direct I/O happens on * * This is called once we've finished processing a direct I/O request, * and is used to wake up callers waiting for direct I/O to be quiesced. */ static inline void inode_dio_begin(struct inode *inode) { atomic_inc(&inode->i_dio_count); } /* * inode_dio_end - signal finish of a direct I/O requests * @inode: inode the direct I/O happens on * * This is called once we've finished processing a direct I/O request, * and is used to wake up callers waiting for direct I/O to be quiesced. */ static inline void inode_dio_end(struct inode *inode) { if (atomic_dec_and_test(&inode->i_dio_count)) wake_up_bit(&inode->i_state, __I_DIO_WAKEUP); } /* * Warn about a page cache invalidation failure diring a direct I/O write. */ void dio_warn_stale_pagecache(struct file *filp); extern void inode_set_flags(struct inode *inode, unsigned int flags, unsigned int mask); extern const struct file_operations generic_ro_fops; #define special_file(m) (S_ISCHR(m)||S_ISBLK(m)||S_ISFIFO(m)||S_ISSOCK(m)) extern int readlink_copy(char __user *, int, const char *); extern int page_readlink(struct dentry *, char __user *, int); extern const char *page_get_link(struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct delayed_call *); extern void page_put_link(void *); extern int __page_symlink(struct inode *inode, const char *symname, int len, int nofs); extern int page_symlink(struct inode *inode, const char *symname, int len); extern const struct inode_operations page_symlink_inode_operations; extern void kfree_link(void *); extern void generic_fillattr(struct inode *, struct kstat *); extern int vfs_getattr_nosec(const struct path *, struct kstat *, u32, unsigned int); extern int vfs_getattr(const struct path *, struct kstat *, u32, unsigned int); void __inode_add_bytes(struct inode *inode, loff_t bytes); void inode_add_bytes(struct inode *inode, loff_t bytes); void __inode_sub_bytes(struct inode *inode, loff_t bytes); void inode_sub_bytes(struct inode *inode, loff_t bytes); static inline loff_t __inode_get_bytes(struct inode *inode) { return (((loff_t)inode->i_blocks) << 9) + inode->i_bytes; } loff_t inode_get_bytes(struct inode *inode); void inode_set_bytes(struct inode *inode, loff_t bytes); const char *simple_get_link(struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct delayed_call *); extern const struct inode_operations simple_symlink_inode_operations; extern int iterate_dir(struct file *, struct dir_context *); int vfs_fstatat(int dfd, const char __user *filename, struct kstat *stat, int flags); int vfs_fstat(int fd, struct kstat *stat); static inline int vfs_stat(const char __user *filename, struct kstat *stat) { return vfs_fstatat(AT_FDCWD, filename, stat, 0); } static inline int vfs_lstat(const char __user *name, struct kstat *stat) { return vfs_fstatat(AT_FDCWD, name, stat, AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW); } extern const char *vfs_get_link(struct dentry *, struct delayed_call *); extern int vfs_readlink(struct dentry *, char __user *, int); extern struct file_system_type *get_filesystem(struct file_system_type *fs); extern void put_filesystem(struct file_system_type *fs); extern struct file_system_type *get_fs_type(const char *name); extern struct super_block *get_super(struct block_device *); extern struct super_block *get_super_thawed(struct block_device *); extern struct super_block *get_super_exclusive_thawed(struct block_device *bdev); extern struct super_block *get_active_super(struct block_device *bdev); extern void drop_super(struct super_block *sb); extern void drop_super_exclusive(struct super_block *sb); extern void iterate_supers(void (*)(struct super_block *, void *), void *); extern void iterate_supers_type(struct file_system_type *, void (*)(struct super_block *, void *), void *); extern int dcache_dir_open(struct inode *, struct file *); extern int dcache_dir_close(struct inode *, struct file *); extern loff_t dcache_dir_lseek(struct file *, loff_t, int); extern int dcache_readdir(struct file *, struct dir_context *); extern int simple_setattr(struct dentry *, struct iattr *); extern int simple_getattr(const struct path *, struct kstat *, u32, unsigned int); extern int simple_statfs(struct dentry *, struct kstatfs *); extern int simple_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file); extern int simple_link(struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct dentry *); extern int simple_unlink(struct inode *, struct dentry *); extern int simple_rmdir(struct inode *, struct dentry *); extern int simple_rename(struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct dentry *, unsigned int); extern void simple_recursive_removal(struct dentry *, void (*callback)(struct dentry *)); extern int noop_fsync(struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int); extern int noop_set_page_dirty(struct page *page); extern void noop_invalidatepage(struct page *page, unsigned int offset, unsigned int length); extern ssize_t noop_direct_IO(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter); extern int simple_empty(struct dentry *); extern int simple_readpage(struct file *file, struct page *page); extern int simple_write_begin(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, void **fsdata); extern int simple_write_end(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page, void *fsdata); extern int always_delete_dentry(const struct dentry *); extern struct inode *alloc_anon_inode(struct super_block *); extern int simple_nosetlease(struct file *, long, struct file_lock **, void **); extern const struct dentry_operations simple_dentry_operations; extern struct dentry *simple_lookup(struct inode *, struct dentry *, unsigned int flags); extern ssize_t generic_read_dir(struct file *, char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern const struct file_operations simple_dir_operations; extern const struct inode_operations simple_dir_inode_operations; extern void make_empty_dir_inode(struct inode *inode); extern bool is_empty_dir_inode(struct inode *inode); struct tree_descr { const char *name; const struct file_operations *ops; int mode; }; struct dentry *d_alloc_name(struct dentry *, const char *); extern int simple_fill_super(struct super_block *, unsigned long, const struct tree_descr *); extern int simple_pin_fs(struct file_system_type *, struct vfsmount **mount, int *count); extern void simple_release_fs(struct vfsmount **mount, int *count); extern ssize_t simple_read_from_buffer(void __user *to, size_t count, loff_t *ppos, const void *from, size_t available); extern ssize_t simple_write_to_buffer(void *to, size_t available, loff_t *ppos, const void __user *from, size_t count); extern int __generic_file_fsync(struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int); extern int generic_file_fsync(struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int); extern int generic_check_addressable(unsigned, u64); #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE extern int generic_ci_d_hash(const struct dentry *dentry, struct qstr *str); extern int generic_ci_d_compare(const struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int len, const char *str, const struct qstr *name); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MIGRATION extern int buffer_migrate_page(struct address_space *, struct page *, struct page *, enum migrate_mode); extern int buffer_migrate_page_norefs(struct address_space *, struct page *, struct page *, enum migrate_mode); #else #define buffer_migrate_page NULL #define buffer_migrate_page_norefs NULL #endif extern int setattr_prepare(struct dentry *, struct iattr *); extern int inode_newsize_ok(const struct inode *, loff_t offset); extern void setattr_copy(struct inode *inode, const struct iattr *attr); extern int file_update_time(struct file *file); static inline bool vma_is_dax(const struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return vma->vm_file && IS_DAX(vma->vm_file->f_mapping->host); } static inline bool vma_is_fsdax(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct inode *inode; if (!vma->vm_file) return false; if (!vma_is_dax(vma)) return false; inode = file_inode(vma->vm_file); if (S_ISCHR(inode->i_mode)) return false; /* device-dax */ return true; } static inline int iocb_flags(struct file *file) { int res = 0; if (file->f_flags & O_APPEND) res |= IOCB_APPEND; if (file->f_flags & O_DIRECT) res |= IOCB_DIRECT; if ((file->f_flags & O_DSYNC) || IS_SYNC(file->f_mapping->host)) res |= IOCB_DSYNC; if (file->f_flags & __O_SYNC) res |= IOCB_SYNC; return res; } static inline int kiocb_set_rw_flags(struct kiocb *ki, rwf_t flags) { int kiocb_flags = 0; /* make sure there's no overlap between RWF and private IOCB flags */ BUILD_BUG_ON((__force int) RWF_SUPPORTED & IOCB_EVENTFD); if (!flags) return 0; if (unlikely(flags & ~RWF_SUPPORTED)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; if (flags & RWF_NOWAIT) { if (!(ki->ki_filp->f_mode & FMODE_NOWAIT)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; kiocb_flags |= IOCB_NOIO; } kiocb_flags |= (__force int) (flags & RWF_SUPPORTED); if (flags & RWF_SYNC) kiocb_flags |= IOCB_DSYNC; ki->ki_flags |= kiocb_flags; return 0; } static inline ino_t parent_ino(struct dentry *dentry) { ino_t res; /* * Don't strictly need d_lock here? If the parent ino could change * then surely we'd have a deeper race in the caller? */ spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); res = dentry->d_parent->d_inode->i_ino; spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return res; } /* Transaction based IO helpers */ /* * An argresp is stored in an allocated page and holds the * size of the argument or response, along with its content */ struct simple_transaction_argresp { ssize_t size; char data[]; }; #define SIMPLE_TRANSACTION_LIMIT (PAGE_SIZE - sizeof(struct simple_transaction_argresp)) char *simple_transaction_get(struct file *file, const char __user *buf, size_t size); ssize_t simple_transaction_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t size, loff_t *pos); int simple_transaction_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file); void simple_transaction_set(struct file *file, size_t n); /* * simple attribute files * * These attributes behave similar to those in sysfs: * * Writing to an attribute immediately sets a value, an open file can be * written to multiple times. * * Reading from an attribute creates a buffer from the value that might get * read with multiple read calls. When the attribute has been read * completely, no further read calls are possible until the file is opened * again. * * All attributes contain a text representation of a numeric value * that are accessed with the get() and set() functions. */ #define DEFINE_SIMPLE_ATTRIBUTE(__fops, __get, __set, __fmt) \ static int __fops ## _open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) \ { \ __simple_attr_check_format(__fmt, 0ull); \ return simple_attr_open(inode, file, __get, __set, __fmt); \ } \ static const struct file_operations __fops = { \ .owner = THIS_MODULE, \ .open = __fops ## _open, \ .release = simple_attr_release, \ .read = simple_attr_read, \ .write = simple_attr_write, \ .llseek = generic_file_llseek, \ } static inline __printf(1, 2) void __simple_attr_check_format(const char *fmt, ...) { /* don't do anything, just let the compiler check the arguments; */ } int simple_attr_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file, int (*get)(void *, u64 *), int (*set)(void *, u64), const char *fmt); int simple_attr_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file); ssize_t simple_attr_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t len, loff_t *ppos); ssize_t simple_attr_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf, size_t len, loff_t *ppos); struct ctl_table; int proc_nr_files(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos); int proc_nr_dentry(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos); int proc_nr_inodes(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos); int __init get_filesystem_list(char *buf); #define __FMODE_EXEC ((__force int) FMODE_EXEC) #define __FMODE_NONOTIFY ((__force int) FMODE_NONOTIFY) #define ACC_MODE(x) ("\004\002\006\006"[(x)&O_ACCMODE]) #define OPEN_FMODE(flag) ((__force fmode_t)(((flag + 1) & O_ACCMODE) | \ (flag & __FMODE_NONOTIFY))) static inline bool is_sxid(umode_t mode) { return (mode & S_ISUID) || ((mode & S_ISGID) && (mode & S_IXGRP)); } static inline int check_sticky(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode) { if (!(dir->i_mode & S_ISVTX)) return 0; return __check_sticky(dir, inode); } static inline void inode_has_no_xattr(struct inode *inode) { if (!is_sxid(inode->i_mode) && (inode->i_sb->s_flags & SB_NOSEC)) inode->i_flags |= S_NOSEC; } static inline bool is_root_inode(struct inode *inode) { return inode == inode->i_sb->s_root->d_inode; } static inline bool dir_emit(struct dir_context *ctx, const char *name, int namelen, u64 ino, unsigned type) { return ctx->actor(ctx, name, namelen, ctx->pos, ino, type) == 0; } static inline bool dir_emit_dot(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx) { return ctx->actor(ctx, ".", 1, ctx->pos, file->f_path.dentry->d_inode->i_ino, DT_DIR) == 0; } static inline bool dir_emit_dotdot(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx) { return ctx->actor(ctx, "..", 2, ctx->pos, parent_ino(file->f_path.dentry), DT_DIR) == 0; } static inline bool dir_emit_dots(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx) { if (ctx->pos == 0) { if (!dir_emit_dot(file, ctx)) return false; ctx->pos = 1; } if (ctx->pos == 1) { if (!dir_emit_dotdot(file, ctx)) return false; ctx->pos = 2; } return true; } static inline bool dir_relax(struct inode *inode) { inode_unlock(inode); inode_lock(inode); return !IS_DEADDIR(inode); } static inline bool dir_relax_shared(struct inode *inode) { inode_unlock_shared(inode); inode_lock_shared(inode); return !IS_DEADDIR(inode); } extern bool path_noexec(const struct path *path); extern void inode_nohighmem(struct inode *inode); /* mm/fadvise.c */ extern int vfs_fadvise(struct file *file, loff_t offset, loff_t len, int advice); extern int generic_fadvise(struct file *file, loff_t offset, loff_t len, int advice); int vfs_ioc_setflags_prepare(struct inode *inode, unsigned int oldflags, unsigned int flags); int vfs_ioc_fssetxattr_check(struct inode *inode, const struct fsxattr *old_fa, struct fsxattr *fa); static inline void simple_fill_fsxattr(struct fsxattr *fa, __u32 xflags) { memset(fa, 0, sizeof(*fa)); fa->fsx_xflags = xflags; } /* * Flush file data before changing attributes. Caller must hold any locks * required to prevent further writes to this file until we're done setting * flags. */ static inline int inode_drain_writes(struct inode *inode) { inode_dio_wait(inode); return filemap_write_and_wait(inode->i_mapping); } #endif /* _LINUX_FS_H */
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