1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* thread_info.h: common low-level thread information accessors * * Copyright (C) 2002 David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com) * - Incorporating suggestions made by Linus Torvalds */ #ifndef _LINUX_THREAD_INFO_H #define _LINUX_THREAD_INFO_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/restart_block.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK /* * For CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK kernels we need <asm/current.h> for the * definition of current, but for !CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK kernels, * including <asm/current.h> can cause a circular dependency on some platforms. */ #include <asm/current.h> #define current_thread_info() ((struct thread_info *)current) #endif #include <linux/bitops.h> /* * For per-arch arch_within_stack_frames() implementations, defined in * asm/thread_info.h. */ enum { BAD_STACK = -1, NOT_STACK = 0, GOOD_FRAME, GOOD_STACK, }; #include <asm/thread_info.h> #ifdef __KERNEL__ #ifndef arch_set_restart_data #define arch_set_restart_data(restart) do { } while (0) #endif static inline long set_restart_fn(struct restart_block *restart, long (*fn)(struct restart_block *)) { restart->fn = fn; arch_set_restart_data(restart); return -ERESTART_RESTARTBLOCK; } #ifndef THREAD_ALIGN #define THREAD_ALIGN THREAD_SIZE #endif #define THREADINFO_GFP (GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT | __GFP_ZERO) /* * flag set/clear/test wrappers * - pass TIF_xxxx constants to these functions */ static inline void set_ti_thread_flag(struct thread_info *ti, int flag) { set_bit(flag, (unsigned long *)&ti->flags); } static inline void clear_ti_thread_flag(struct thread_info *ti, int flag) { clear_bit(flag, (unsigned long *)&ti->flags); } static inline void update_ti_thread_flag(struct thread_info *ti, int flag, bool value) { if (value) set_ti_thread_flag(ti, flag); else clear_ti_thread_flag(ti, flag); } static inline int test_and_set_ti_thread_flag(struct thread_info *ti, int flag) { return test_and_set_bit(flag, (unsigned long *)&ti->flags); } static inline int test_and_clear_ti_thread_flag(struct thread_info *ti, int flag) { return test_and_clear_bit(flag, (unsigned long *)&ti->flags); } static inline int test_ti_thread_flag(struct thread_info *ti, int flag) { return test_bit(flag, (unsigned long *)&ti->flags); } #define set_thread_flag(flag) \ set_ti_thread_flag(current_thread_info(), flag) #define clear_thread_flag(flag) \ clear_ti_thread_flag(current_thread_info(), flag) #define update_thread_flag(flag, value) \ update_ti_thread_flag(current_thread_info(), flag, value) #define test_and_set_thread_flag(flag) \ test_and_set_ti_thread_flag(current_thread_info(), flag) #define test_and_clear_thread_flag(flag) \ test_and_clear_ti_thread_flag(current_thread_info(), flag) #define test_thread_flag(flag) \ test_ti_thread_flag(current_thread_info(), flag) #define tif_need_resched() test_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_RESCHED) #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_WITHIN_STACK_FRAMES static inline int arch_within_stack_frames(const void * const stack, const void * const stackend, const void *obj, unsigned long len) { return 0; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HARDENED_USERCOPY extern void __check_object_size(const void *ptr, unsigned long n, bool to_user); static __always_inline void check_object_size(const void *ptr, unsigned long n, bool to_user) { if (!__builtin_constant_p(n)) __check_object_size(ptr, n, to_user); } #else static inline void check_object_size(const void *ptr, unsigned long n, bool to_user) { } #endif /* CONFIG_HARDENED_USERCOPY */ extern void __compiletime_error("copy source size is too small") __bad_copy_from(void); extern void __compiletime_error("copy destination size is too small") __bad_copy_to(void); static inline void copy_overflow(int size, unsigned long count) { WARN(1, "Buffer overflow detected (%d < %lu)!\n", size, count); } static __always_inline __must_check bool check_copy_size(const void *addr, size_t bytes, bool is_source) { int sz = __compiletime_object_size(addr); if (unlikely(sz >= 0 && sz < bytes)) { if (!__builtin_constant_p(bytes)) copy_overflow(sz, bytes); else if (is_source) __bad_copy_from(); else __bad_copy_to(); return false; } if (WARN_ON_ONCE(bytes > INT_MAX)) return false; check_object_size(addr, bytes, is_source); return true; } #ifndef arch_setup_new_exec static inline void arch_setup_new_exec(void) { } #endif #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #endif /* _LINUX_THREAD_INFO_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+ */ /* * RCU-based infrastructure for lightweight reader-writer locking * * Copyright (c) 2015, Red Hat, Inc. * * Author: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> */ #ifndef _LINUX_RCU_SYNC_H_ #define _LINUX_RCU_SYNC_H_ #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> /* Structure to mediate between updaters and fastpath-using readers. */ struct rcu_sync { int gp_state; int gp_count; wait_queue_head_t gp_wait; struct rcu_head cb_head; }; /** * rcu_sync_is_idle() - Are readers permitted to use their fastpaths? * @rsp: Pointer to rcu_sync structure to use for synchronization * * Returns true if readers are permitted to use their fastpaths. Must be * invoked within some flavor of RCU read-side critical section. */ static inline bool rcu_sync_is_idle(struct rcu_sync *rsp) { RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_read_lock_any_held(), "suspicious rcu_sync_is_idle() usage"); return !READ_ONCE(rsp->gp_state); /* GP_IDLE */ } extern void rcu_sync_init(struct rcu_sync *); extern void rcu_sync_enter_start(struct rcu_sync *); extern void rcu_sync_enter(struct rcu_sync *); extern void rcu_sync_exit(struct rcu_sync *); extern void rcu_sync_dtor(struct rcu_sync *); #define __RCU_SYNC_INITIALIZER(name) { \ .gp_state = 0, \ .gp_count = 0, \ .gp_wait = __WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD_INITIALIZER(name.gp_wait), \ } #define DEFINE_RCU_SYNC(name) \ struct rcu_sync name = __RCU_SYNC_INITIALIZER(name) #endif /* _LINUX_RCU_SYNC_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Definitions of structures and functions for quota formats using trie */ #ifndef _LINUX_DQBLK_QTREE_H #define _LINUX_DQBLK_QTREE_H #include <linux/types.h> /* Numbers of blocks needed for updates - we count with the smallest * possible block size (1024) */ #define QTREE_INIT_ALLOC 4 #define QTREE_INIT_REWRITE 2 #define QTREE_DEL_ALLOC 0 #define QTREE_DEL_REWRITE 6 struct dquot; struct kqid; /* Operations */ struct qtree_fmt_operations { void (*mem2disk_dqblk)(void *disk, struct dquot *dquot); /* Convert given entry from in memory format to disk one */ void (*disk2mem_dqblk)(struct dquot *dquot, void *disk); /* Convert given entry from disk format to in memory one */ int (*is_id)(void *disk, struct dquot *dquot); /* Is this structure for given id? */ }; /* Inmemory copy of version specific information */ struct qtree_mem_dqinfo { struct super_block *dqi_sb; /* Sb quota is on */ int dqi_type; /* Quota type */ unsigned int dqi_blocks; /* # of blocks in quota file */ unsigned int dqi_free_blk; /* First block in list of free blocks */ unsigned int dqi_free_entry; /* First block with free entry */ unsigned int dqi_blocksize_bits; /* Block size of quota file */ unsigned int dqi_entry_size; /* Size of quota entry in quota file */ unsigned int dqi_usable_bs; /* Space usable in block for quota data */ unsigned int dqi_qtree_depth; /* Precomputed depth of quota tree */ const struct qtree_fmt_operations *dqi_ops; /* Operations for entry manipulation */ }; int qtree_write_dquot(struct qtree_mem_dqinfo *info, struct dquot *dquot); int qtree_read_dquot(struct qtree_mem_dqinfo *info, struct dquot *dquot); int qtree_delete_dquot(struct qtree_mem_dqinfo *info, struct dquot *dquot); int qtree_release_dquot(struct qtree_mem_dqinfo *info, struct dquot *dquot); int qtree_entry_unused(struct qtree_mem_dqinfo *info, char *disk); static inline int qtree_depth(struct qtree_mem_dqinfo *info) { unsigned int epb = info->dqi_usable_bs >> 2; unsigned long long entries = epb; int i; for (i = 1; entries < (1ULL << 32); i++) entries *= epb; return i; } int qtree_get_next_id(struct qtree_mem_dqinfo *info, struct kqid *qid); #endif /* _LINUX_DQBLK_QTREE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_STRING_HELPERS_H_ #define _LINUX_STRING_HELPERS_H_ #include <linux/ctype.h> #include <linux/types.h> struct file; struct task_struct; /* Descriptions of the types of units to * print in */ enum string_size_units { STRING_UNITS_10, /* use powers of 10^3 (standard SI) */ STRING_UNITS_2, /* use binary powers of 2^10 */ }; void string_get_size(u64 size, u64 blk_size, enum string_size_units units, char *buf, int len); #define UNESCAPE_SPACE 0x01 #define UNESCAPE_OCTAL 0x02 #define UNESCAPE_HEX 0x04 #define UNESCAPE_SPECIAL 0x08 #define UNESCAPE_ANY \ (UNESCAPE_SPACE | UNESCAPE_OCTAL | UNESCAPE_HEX | UNESCAPE_SPECIAL) int string_unescape(char *src, char *dst, size_t size, unsigned int flags); static inline int string_unescape_inplace(char *buf, unsigned int flags) { return string_unescape(buf, buf, 0, flags); } static inline int string_unescape_any(char *src, char *dst, size_t size) { return string_unescape(src, dst, size, UNESCAPE_ANY); } static inline int string_unescape_any_inplace(char *buf) { return string_unescape_any(buf, buf, 0); } #define ESCAPE_SPACE 0x01 #define ESCAPE_SPECIAL 0x02 #define ESCAPE_NULL 0x04 #define ESCAPE_OCTAL 0x08 #define ESCAPE_ANY \ (ESCAPE_SPACE | ESCAPE_OCTAL | ESCAPE_SPECIAL | ESCAPE_NULL) #define ESCAPE_NP 0x10 #define ESCAPE_ANY_NP (ESCAPE_ANY | ESCAPE_NP) #define ESCAPE_HEX 0x20 int string_escape_mem(const char *src, size_t isz, char *dst, size_t osz, unsigned int flags, const char *only); int string_escape_mem_ascii(const char *src, size_t isz, char *dst, size_t osz); static inline int string_escape_mem_any_np(const char *src, size_t isz, char *dst, size_t osz, const char *only) { return string_escape_mem(src, isz, dst, osz, ESCAPE_ANY_NP, only); } static inline int string_escape_str(const char *src, char *dst, size_t sz, unsigned int flags, const char *only) { return string_escape_mem(src, strlen(src), dst, sz, flags, only); } static inline int string_escape_str_any_np(const char *src, char *dst, size_t sz, const char *only) { return string_escape_str(src, dst, sz, ESCAPE_ANY_NP, only); } static inline void string_upper(char *dst, const char *src) { do { *dst++ = toupper(*src); } while (*src++); } static inline void string_lower(char *dst, const char *src) { do { *dst++ = tolower(*src); } while (*src++); } char *kstrdup_quotable(const char *src, gfp_t gfp); char *kstrdup_quotable_cmdline(struct task_struct *task, gfp_t gfp); char *kstrdup_quotable_file(struct file *file, gfp_t gfp); void kfree_strarray(char **array, size_t n); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM jbd2 #if !defined(_TRACE_JBD2_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_JBD2_H #include <linux/jbd2.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> struct transaction_chp_stats_s; struct transaction_run_stats_s; TRACE_EVENT(jbd2_checkpoint, TP_PROTO(journal_t *journal, int result), TP_ARGS(journal, result), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( int, result ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = journal->j_fs_dev->bd_dev; __entry->result = result; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d result %d", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->result) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(jbd2_commit, TP_PROTO(journal_t *journal, transaction_t *commit_transaction), TP_ARGS(journal, commit_transaction), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( char, sync_commit ) __field( int, transaction ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = journal->j_fs_dev->bd_dev; __entry->sync_commit = commit_transaction->t_synchronous_commit; __entry->transaction = commit_transaction->t_tid; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d transaction %d sync %d", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->transaction, __entry->sync_commit) ); DEFINE_EVENT(jbd2_commit, jbd2_start_commit, TP_PROTO(journal_t *journal, transaction_t *commit_transaction), TP_ARGS(journal, commit_transaction) ); DEFINE_EVENT(jbd2_commit, jbd2_commit_locking, TP_PROTO(journal_t *journal, transaction_t *commit_transaction), TP_ARGS(journal, commit_transaction) ); DEFINE_EVENT(jbd2_commit, jbd2_commit_flushing, TP_PROTO(journal_t *journal, transaction_t *commit_transaction), TP_ARGS(journal, commit_transaction) ); DEFINE_EVENT(jbd2_commit, jbd2_commit_logging, TP_PROTO(journal_t *journal, transaction_t *commit_transaction), TP_ARGS(journal, commit_transaction) ); DEFINE_EVENT(jbd2_commit, jbd2_drop_transaction, TP_PROTO(journal_t *journal, transaction_t *commit_transaction), TP_ARGS(journal, commit_transaction) ); TRACE_EVENT(jbd2_end_commit, TP_PROTO(journal_t *journal, transaction_t *commit_transaction), TP_ARGS(journal, commit_transaction), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( char, sync_commit ) __field( int, transaction ) __field( int, head ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = journal->j_fs_dev->bd_dev; __entry->sync_commit = commit_transaction->t_synchronous_commit; __entry->transaction = commit_transaction->t_tid; __entry->head = journal->j_tail_sequence; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d transaction %d sync %d head %d", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->transaction, __entry->sync_commit, __entry->head) ); TRACE_EVENT(jbd2_submit_inode_data, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode), TP_ARGS(inode), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(jbd2_handle_start_class, TP_PROTO(dev_t dev, unsigned long tid, unsigned int type, unsigned int line_no, int requested_blocks), TP_ARGS(dev, tid, type, line_no, requested_blocks), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( unsigned long, tid ) __field( unsigned int, type ) __field( unsigned int, line_no ) __field( int, requested_blocks) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = dev; __entry->tid = tid; __entry->type = type; __entry->line_no = line_no; __entry->requested_blocks = requested_blocks; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d tid %lu type %u line_no %u " "requested_blocks %d", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->tid, __entry->type, __entry->line_no, __entry->requested_blocks) ); DEFINE_EVENT(jbd2_handle_start_class, jbd2_handle_start, TP_PROTO(dev_t dev, unsigned long tid, unsigned int type, unsigned int line_no, int requested_blocks), TP_ARGS(dev, tid, type, line_no, requested_blocks) ); DEFINE_EVENT(jbd2_handle_start_class, jbd2_handle_restart, TP_PROTO(dev_t dev, unsigned long tid, unsigned int type, unsigned int line_no, int requested_blocks), TP_ARGS(dev, tid, type, line_no, requested_blocks) ); TRACE_EVENT(jbd2_handle_extend, TP_PROTO(dev_t dev, unsigned long tid, unsigned int type, unsigned int line_no, int buffer_credits, int requested_blocks), TP_ARGS(dev, tid, type, line_no, buffer_credits, requested_blocks), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( unsigned long, tid ) __field( unsigned int, type ) __field( unsigned int, line_no ) __field( int, buffer_credits ) __field( int, requested_blocks) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = dev; __entry->tid = tid; __entry->type = type; __entry->line_no = line_no; __entry->buffer_credits = buffer_credits; __entry->requested_blocks = requested_blocks; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d tid %lu type %u line_no %u " "buffer_credits %d requested_blocks %d", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->tid, __entry->type, __entry->line_no, __entry->buffer_credits, __entry->requested_blocks) ); TRACE_EVENT(jbd2_handle_stats, TP_PROTO(dev_t dev, unsigned long tid, unsigned int type, unsigned int line_no, int interval, int sync, int requested_blocks, int dirtied_blocks), TP_ARGS(dev, tid, type, line_no, interval, sync, requested_blocks, dirtied_blocks), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( unsigned long, tid ) __field( unsigned int, type ) __field( unsigned int, line_no ) __field( int, interval ) __field( int, sync ) __field( int, requested_blocks) __field( int, dirtied_blocks ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = dev; __entry->tid = tid; __entry->type = type; __entry->line_no = line_no; __entry->interval = interval; __entry->sync = sync; __entry->requested_blocks = requested_blocks; __entry->dirtied_blocks = dirtied_blocks; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d tid %lu type %u line_no %u interval %d " "sync %d requested_blocks %d dirtied_blocks %d", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->tid, __entry->type, __entry->line_no, __entry->interval, __entry->sync, __entry->requested_blocks, __entry->dirtied_blocks) ); TRACE_EVENT(jbd2_run_stats, TP_PROTO(dev_t dev, unsigned long tid, struct transaction_run_stats_s *stats), TP_ARGS(dev, tid, stats), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( unsigned long, tid ) __field( unsigned long, wait ) __field( unsigned long, request_delay ) __field( unsigned long, running ) __field( unsigned long, locked ) __field( unsigned long, flushing ) __field( unsigned long, logging ) __field( __u32, handle_count ) __field( __u32, blocks ) __field( __u32, blocks_logged ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = dev; __entry->tid = tid; __entry->wait = stats->rs_wait; __entry->request_delay = stats->rs_request_delay; __entry->running = stats->rs_running; __entry->locked = stats->rs_locked; __entry->flushing = stats->rs_flushing; __entry->logging = stats->rs_logging; __entry->handle_count = stats->rs_handle_count; __entry->blocks = stats->rs_blocks; __entry->blocks_logged = stats->rs_blocks_logged; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d tid %lu wait %u request_delay %u running %u " "locked %u flushing %u logging %u handle_count %u " "blocks %u blocks_logged %u", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->tid, jiffies_to_msecs(__entry->wait), jiffies_to_msecs(__entry->request_delay), jiffies_to_msecs(__entry->running), jiffies_to_msecs(__entry->locked), jiffies_to_msecs(__entry->flushing), jiffies_to_msecs(__entry->logging), __entry->handle_count, __entry->blocks, __entry->blocks_logged) ); TRACE_EVENT(jbd2_checkpoint_stats, TP_PROTO(dev_t dev, unsigned long tid, struct transaction_chp_stats_s *stats), TP_ARGS(dev, tid, stats), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( unsigned long, tid ) __field( unsigned long, chp_time ) __field( __u32, forced_to_close ) __field( __u32, written ) __field( __u32, dropped ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = dev; __entry->tid = tid; __entry->chp_time = stats->cs_chp_time; __entry->forced_to_close= stats->cs_forced_to_close; __entry->written = stats->cs_written; __entry->dropped = stats->cs_dropped; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d tid %lu chp_time %u forced_to_close %u " "written %u dropped %u", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->tid, jiffies_to_msecs(__entry->chp_time), __entry->forced_to_close, __entry->written, __entry->dropped) ); TRACE_EVENT(jbd2_update_log_tail, TP_PROTO(journal_t *journal, tid_t first_tid, unsigned long block_nr, unsigned long freed), TP_ARGS(journal, first_tid, block_nr, freed), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( tid_t, tail_sequence ) __field( tid_t, first_tid ) __field(unsigned long, block_nr ) __field(unsigned long, freed ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = journal->j_fs_dev->bd_dev; __entry->tail_sequence = journal->j_tail_sequence; __entry->first_tid = first_tid; __entry->block_nr = block_nr; __entry->freed = freed; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d from %u to %u offset %lu freed %lu", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->tail_sequence, __entry->first_tid, __entry->block_nr, __entry->freed) ); TRACE_EVENT(jbd2_write_superblock, TP_PROTO(journal_t *journal, int write_op), TP_ARGS(journal, write_op), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( int, write_op ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = journal->j_fs_dev->bd_dev; __entry->write_op = write_op; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d write_op %x", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->write_op) ); TRACE_EVENT(jbd2_lock_buffer_stall, TP_PROTO(dev_t dev, unsigned long stall_ms), TP_ARGS(dev, stall_ms), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field(unsigned long, stall_ms ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = dev; __entry->stall_ms = stall_ms; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d stall_ms %lu", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->stall_ms) ); #endif /* _TRACE_JBD2_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * pm_runtime.h - Device run-time power management helper functions. * * Copyright (C) 2009 Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl> */ #ifndef _LINUX_PM_RUNTIME_H #define _LINUX_PM_RUNTIME_H #include <linux/device.h> #include <linux/notifier.h> #include <linux/pm.h> #include <linux/jiffies.h> /* Runtime PM flag argument bits */ #define RPM_ASYNC 0x01 /* Request is asynchronous */ #define RPM_NOWAIT 0x02 /* Don't wait for concurrent state change */ #define RPM_GET_PUT 0x04 /* Increment/decrement the usage_count */ #define RPM_AUTO 0x08 /* Use autosuspend_delay */ #ifdef CONFIG_PM extern struct workqueue_struct *pm_wq; static inline bool queue_pm_work(struct work_struct *work) { return queue_work(pm_wq, work); } extern int pm_generic_runtime_suspend(struct device *dev); extern int pm_generic_runtime_resume(struct device *dev); extern int pm_runtime_force_suspend(struct device *dev); extern int pm_runtime_force_resume(struct device *dev); extern int __pm_runtime_idle(struct device *dev, int rpmflags); extern int __pm_runtime_suspend(struct device *dev, int rpmflags); extern int __pm_runtime_resume(struct device *dev, int rpmflags); extern int pm_runtime_get_if_active(struct device *dev, bool ign_usage_count); extern int pm_schedule_suspend(struct device *dev, unsigned int delay); extern int __pm_runtime_set_status(struct device *dev, unsigned int status); extern int pm_runtime_barrier(struct device *dev); extern void pm_runtime_enable(struct device *dev); extern void __pm_runtime_disable(struct device *dev, bool check_resume); extern void pm_runtime_allow(struct device *dev); extern void pm_runtime_forbid(struct device *dev); extern void pm_runtime_no_callbacks(struct device *dev); extern void pm_runtime_irq_safe(struct device *dev); extern void __pm_runtime_use_autosuspend(struct device *dev, bool use); extern void pm_runtime_set_autosuspend_delay(struct device *dev, int delay); extern u64 pm_runtime_autosuspend_expiration(struct device *dev); extern void pm_runtime_update_max_time_suspended(struct device *dev, s64 delta_ns); extern void pm_runtime_set_memalloc_noio(struct device *dev, bool enable); extern void pm_runtime_get_suppliers(struct device *dev); extern void pm_runtime_put_suppliers(struct device *dev); extern void pm_runtime_new_link(struct device *dev); extern void pm_runtime_drop_link(struct device_link *link); /** * pm_runtime_get_if_in_use - Conditionally bump up runtime PM usage counter. * @dev: Target device. * * Increment the runtime PM usage counter of @dev if its runtime PM status is * %RPM_ACTIVE and its runtime PM usage counter is greater than 0. */ static inline int pm_runtime_get_if_in_use(struct device *dev) { return pm_runtime_get_if_active(dev, false); } /** * pm_suspend_ignore_children - Set runtime PM behavior regarding children. * @dev: Target device. * @enable: Whether or not to ignore possible dependencies on children. * * The dependencies of @dev on its children will not be taken into account by * the runtime PM framework going forward if @enable is %true, or they will * be taken into account otherwise. */ static inline void pm_suspend_ignore_children(struct device *dev, bool enable) { dev->power.ignore_children = enable; } /** * pm_runtime_get_noresume - Bump up runtime PM usage counter of a device. * @dev: Target device. */ static inline void pm_runtime_get_noresume(struct device *dev) { atomic_inc(&dev->power.usage_count); } /** * pm_runtime_put_noidle - Drop runtime PM usage counter of a device. * @dev: Target device. * * Decrement the runtime PM usage counter of @dev unless it is 0 already. */ static inline void pm_runtime_put_noidle(struct device *dev) { atomic_add_unless(&dev->power.usage_count, -1, 0); } /** * pm_runtime_suspended - Check whether or not a device is runtime-suspended. * @dev: Target device. * * Return %true if runtime PM is enabled for @dev and its runtime PM status is * %RPM_SUSPENDED, or %false otherwise. * * Note that the return value of this function can only be trusted if it is * called under the runtime PM lock of @dev or under conditions in which * runtime PM cannot be either disabled or enabled for @dev and its runtime PM * status cannot change. */ static inline bool pm_runtime_suspended(struct device *dev) { return dev->power.runtime_status == RPM_SUSPENDED && !dev->power.disable_depth; } /** * pm_runtime_active - Check whether or not a device is runtime-active. * @dev: Target device. * * Return %true if runtime PM is disabled for @dev or its runtime PM status is * %RPM_ACTIVE, or %false otherwise. * * Note that the return value of this function can only be trusted if it is * called under the runtime PM lock of @dev or under conditions in which * runtime PM cannot be either disabled or enabled for @dev and its runtime PM * status cannot change. */ static inline bool pm_runtime_active(struct device *dev) { return dev->power.runtime_status == RPM_ACTIVE || dev->power.disable_depth; } /** * pm_runtime_status_suspended - Check if runtime PM status is "suspended". * @dev: Target device. * * Return %true if the runtime PM status of @dev is %RPM_SUSPENDED, or %false * otherwise, regardless of whether or not runtime PM has been enabled for @dev. * * Note that the return value of this function can only be trusted if it is * called under the runtime PM lock of @dev or under conditions in which the * runtime PM status of @dev cannot change. */ static inline bool pm_runtime_status_suspended(struct device *dev) { return dev->power.runtime_status == RPM_SUSPENDED; } /** * pm_runtime_enabled - Check if runtime PM is enabled. * @dev: Target device. * * Return %true if runtime PM is enabled for @dev or %false otherwise. * * Note that the return value of this function can only be trusted if it is * called under the runtime PM lock of @dev or under conditions in which * runtime PM cannot be either disabled or enabled for @dev. */ static inline bool pm_runtime_enabled(struct device *dev) { return !dev->power.disable_depth; } /** * pm_runtime_has_no_callbacks - Check if runtime PM callbacks may be present. * @dev: Target device. * * Return %true if @dev is a special device without runtime PM callbacks or * %false otherwise. */ static inline bool pm_runtime_has_no_callbacks(struct device *dev) { return dev->power.no_callbacks; } /** * pm_runtime_mark_last_busy - Update the last access time of a device. * @dev: Target device. * * Update the last access time of @dev used by the runtime PM autosuspend * mechanism to the current time as returned by ktime_get_mono_fast_ns(). */ static inline void pm_runtime_mark_last_busy(struct device *dev) { WRITE_ONCE(dev->power.last_busy, ktime_get_mono_fast_ns()); } /** * pm_runtime_is_irq_safe - Check if runtime PM can work in interrupt context. * @dev: Target device. * * Return %true if @dev has been marked as an "IRQ-safe" device (with respect * to runtime PM), in which case its runtime PM callabcks can be expected to * work correctly when invoked from interrupt handlers. */ static inline bool pm_runtime_is_irq_safe(struct device *dev) { return dev->power.irq_safe; } extern u64 pm_runtime_suspended_time(struct device *dev); #else /* !CONFIG_PM */ static inline bool queue_pm_work(struct work_struct *work) { return false; } static inline int pm_generic_runtime_suspend(struct device *dev) { return 0; } static inline int pm_generic_runtime_resume(struct device *dev) { return 0; } static inline int pm_runtime_force_suspend(struct device *dev) { return 0; } static inline int pm_runtime_force_resume(struct device *dev) { return 0; } static inline int __pm_runtime_idle(struct device *dev, int rpmflags) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int __pm_runtime_suspend(struct device *dev, int rpmflags) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int __pm_runtime_resume(struct device *dev, int rpmflags) { return 1; } static inline int pm_schedule_suspend(struct device *dev, unsigned int delay) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int pm_runtime_get_if_in_use(struct device *dev) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int pm_runtime_get_if_active(struct device *dev, bool ign_usage_count) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int __pm_runtime_set_status(struct device *dev, unsigned int status) { return 0; } static inline int pm_runtime_barrier(struct device *dev) { return 0; } static inline void pm_runtime_enable(struct device *dev) {} static inline void __pm_runtime_disable(struct device *dev, bool c) {} static inline void pm_runtime_allow(struct device *dev) {} static inline void pm_runtime_forbid(struct device *dev) {} static inline void pm_suspend_ignore_children(struct device *dev, bool enable) {} static inline void pm_runtime_get_noresume(struct device *dev) {} static inline void pm_runtime_put_noidle(struct device *dev) {} static inline bool pm_runtime_suspended(struct device *dev) { return false; } static inline bool pm_runtime_active(struct device *dev) { return true; } static inline bool pm_runtime_status_suspended(struct device *dev) { return false; } static inline bool pm_runtime_enabled(struct device *dev) { return false; } static inline void pm_runtime_no_callbacks(struct device *dev) {} static inline void pm_runtime_irq_safe(struct device *dev) {} static inline bool pm_runtime_is_irq_safe(struct device *dev) { return false; } static inline bool pm_runtime_has_no_callbacks(struct device *dev) { return false; } static inline void pm_runtime_mark_last_busy(struct device *dev) {} static inline void __pm_runtime_use_autosuspend(struct device *dev, bool use) {} static inline void pm_runtime_set_autosuspend_delay(struct device *dev, int delay) {} static inline u64 pm_runtime_autosuspend_expiration( struct device *dev) { return 0; } static inline void pm_runtime_set_memalloc_noio(struct device *dev, bool enable){} static inline void pm_runtime_get_suppliers(struct device *dev) {} static inline void pm_runtime_put_suppliers(struct device *dev) {} static inline void pm_runtime_new_link(struct device *dev) {} static inline void pm_runtime_drop_link(struct device_link *link) {} #endif /* !CONFIG_PM */ /** * pm_runtime_idle - Conditionally set up autosuspend of a device or suspend it. * @dev: Target device. * * Invoke the "idle check" callback of @dev and, depending on its return value, * set up autosuspend of @dev or suspend it (depending on whether or not * autosuspend has been enabled for it). */ static inline int pm_runtime_idle(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_idle(dev, 0); } /** * pm_runtime_suspend - Suspend a device synchronously. * @dev: Target device. */ static inline int pm_runtime_suspend(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_suspend(dev, 0); } /** * pm_runtime_autosuspend - Set up autosuspend of a device or suspend it. * @dev: Target device. * * Set up autosuspend of @dev or suspend it (depending on whether or not * autosuspend is enabled for it) without engaging its "idle check" callback. */ static inline int pm_runtime_autosuspend(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_suspend(dev, RPM_AUTO); } /** * pm_runtime_resume - Resume a device synchronously. * @dev: Target device. */ static inline int pm_runtime_resume(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_resume(dev, 0); } /** * pm_request_idle - Queue up "idle check" execution for a device. * @dev: Target device. * * Queue up a work item to run an equivalent of pm_runtime_idle() for @dev * asynchronously. */ static inline int pm_request_idle(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_idle(dev, RPM_ASYNC); } /** * pm_request_resume - Queue up runtime-resume of a device. * @dev: Target device. */ static inline int pm_request_resume(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_resume(dev, RPM_ASYNC); } /** * pm_request_autosuspend - Queue up autosuspend of a device. * @dev: Target device. * * Queue up a work item to run an equivalent pm_runtime_autosuspend() for @dev * asynchronously. */ static inline int pm_request_autosuspend(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_suspend(dev, RPM_ASYNC | RPM_AUTO); } /** * pm_runtime_get - Bump up usage counter and queue up resume of a device. * @dev: Target device. * * Bump up the runtime PM usage counter of @dev and queue up a work item to * carry out runtime-resume of it. */ static inline int pm_runtime_get(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_resume(dev, RPM_GET_PUT | RPM_ASYNC); } /** * pm_runtime_get_sync - Bump up usage counter of a device and resume it. * @dev: Target device. * * Bump up the runtime PM usage counter of @dev and carry out runtime-resume of * it synchronously. * * The possible return values of this function are the same as for * pm_runtime_resume() and the runtime PM usage counter of @dev remains * incremented in all cases, even if it returns an error code. */ static inline int pm_runtime_get_sync(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_resume(dev, RPM_GET_PUT); } /** * pm_runtime_resume_and_get - Bump up usage counter of a device and resume it. * @dev: Target device. * * Resume @dev synchronously and if that is successful, increment its runtime * PM usage counter. Return 0 if the runtime PM usage counter of @dev has been * incremented or a negative error code otherwise. */ static inline int pm_runtime_resume_and_get(struct device *dev) { int ret; ret = __pm_runtime_resume(dev, RPM_GET_PUT); if (ret < 0) { pm_runtime_put_noidle(dev); return ret; } return 0; } /** * pm_runtime_put - Drop device usage counter and queue up "idle check" if 0. * @dev: Target device. * * Decrement the runtime PM usage counter of @dev and if it turns out to be * equal to 0, queue up a work item for @dev like in pm_request_idle(). */ static inline int pm_runtime_put(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_idle(dev, RPM_GET_PUT | RPM_ASYNC); } /** * pm_runtime_put_autosuspend - Drop device usage counter and queue autosuspend if 0. * @dev: Target device. * * Decrement the runtime PM usage counter of @dev and if it turns out to be * equal to 0, queue up a work item for @dev like in pm_request_autosuspend(). */ static inline int pm_runtime_put_autosuspend(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_suspend(dev, RPM_GET_PUT | RPM_ASYNC | RPM_AUTO); } /** * pm_runtime_put_sync - Drop device usage counter and run "idle check" if 0. * @dev: Target device. * * Decrement the runtime PM usage counter of @dev and if it turns out to be * equal to 0, invoke the "idle check" callback of @dev and, depending on its * return value, set up autosuspend of @dev or suspend it (depending on whether * or not autosuspend has been enabled for it). * * The possible return values of this function are the same as for * pm_runtime_idle() and the runtime PM usage counter of @dev remains * decremented in all cases, even if it returns an error code. */ static inline int pm_runtime_put_sync(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_idle(dev, RPM_GET_PUT); } /** * pm_runtime_put_sync_suspend - Drop device usage counter and suspend if 0. * @dev: Target device. * * Decrement the runtime PM usage counter of @dev and if it turns out to be * equal to 0, carry out runtime-suspend of @dev synchronously. * * The possible return values of this function are the same as for * pm_runtime_suspend() and the runtime PM usage counter of @dev remains * decremented in all cases, even if it returns an error code. */ static inline int pm_runtime_put_sync_suspend(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_suspend(dev, RPM_GET_PUT); } /** * pm_runtime_put_sync_autosuspend - Drop device usage counter and autosuspend if 0. * @dev: Target device. * * Decrement the runtime PM usage counter of @dev and if it turns out to be * equal to 0, set up autosuspend of @dev or suspend it synchronously (depending * on whether or not autosuspend has been enabled for it). * * The possible return values of this function are the same as for * pm_runtime_autosuspend() and the runtime PM usage counter of @dev remains * decremented in all cases, even if it returns an error code. */ static inline int pm_runtime_put_sync_autosuspend(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_suspend(dev, RPM_GET_PUT | RPM_AUTO); } /** * pm_runtime_set_active - Set runtime PM status to "active". * @dev: Target device. * * Set the runtime PM status of @dev to %RPM_ACTIVE and ensure that dependencies * of it will be taken into account. * * It is not valid to call this function for devices with runtime PM enabled. */ static inline int pm_runtime_set_active(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_set_status(dev, RPM_ACTIVE); } /** * pm_runtime_set_suspended - Set runtime PM status to "suspended". * @dev: Target device. * * Set the runtime PM status of @dev to %RPM_SUSPENDED and ensure that * dependencies of it will be taken into account. * * It is not valid to call this function for devices with runtime PM enabled. */ static inline int pm_runtime_set_suspended(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_set_status(dev, RPM_SUSPENDED); } /** * pm_runtime_disable - Disable runtime PM for a device. * @dev: Target device. * * Prevent the runtime PM framework from working with @dev (by incrementing its * "blocking" counter). * * For each invocation of this function for @dev there must be a matching * pm_runtime_enable() call in order for runtime PM to be enabled for it. */ static inline void pm_runtime_disable(struct device *dev) { __pm_runtime_disable(dev, true); } /** * pm_runtime_use_autosuspend - Allow autosuspend to be used for a device. * @dev: Target device. * * Allow the runtime PM autosuspend mechanism to be used for @dev whenever * requested (or "autosuspend" will be handled as direct runtime-suspend for * it). */ static inline void pm_runtime_use_autosuspend(struct device *dev) { __pm_runtime_use_autosuspend(dev, true); } /** * pm_runtime_dont_use_autosuspend - Prevent autosuspend from being used. * @dev: Target device. * * Prevent the runtime PM autosuspend mechanism from being used for @dev which * means that "autosuspend" will be handled as direct runtime-suspend for it * going forward. */ static inline void pm_runtime_dont_use_autosuspend(struct device *dev) { __pm_runtime_use_autosuspend(dev, false); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef RQ_QOS_H #define RQ_QOS_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/blk_types.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/blk-mq.h> #include "blk-mq-debugfs.h" struct blk_mq_debugfs_attr; enum rq_qos_id { RQ_QOS_WBT, RQ_QOS_LATENCY, RQ_QOS_COST, }; struct rq_wait { wait_queue_head_t wait; atomic_t inflight; }; struct rq_qos { struct rq_qos_ops *ops; struct request_queue *q; enum rq_qos_id id; struct rq_qos *next; #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEBUG_FS struct dentry *debugfs_dir; #endif }; struct rq_qos_ops { void (*throttle)(struct rq_qos *, struct bio *); void (*track)(struct rq_qos *, struct request *, struct bio *); void (*merge)(struct rq_qos *, struct request *, struct bio *); void (*issue)(struct rq_qos *, struct request *); void (*requeue)(struct rq_qos *, struct request *); void (*done)(struct rq_qos *, struct request *); void (*done_bio)(struct rq_qos *, struct bio *); void (*cleanup)(struct rq_qos *, struct bio *); void (*queue_depth_changed)(struct rq_qos *); void (*exit)(struct rq_qos *); const struct blk_mq_debugfs_attr *debugfs_attrs; }; struct rq_depth { unsigned int max_depth; int scale_step; bool scaled_max; unsigned int queue_depth; unsigned int default_depth; }; static inline struct rq_qos *rq_qos_id(struct request_queue *q, enum rq_qos_id id) { struct rq_qos *rqos; for (rqos = q->rq_qos; rqos; rqos = rqos->next) { if (rqos->id == id) break; } return rqos; } static inline struct rq_qos *wbt_rq_qos(struct request_queue *q) { return rq_qos_id(q, RQ_QOS_WBT); } static inline struct rq_qos *blkcg_rq_qos(struct request_queue *q) { return rq_qos_id(q, RQ_QOS_LATENCY); } static inline const char *rq_qos_id_to_name(enum rq_qos_id id) { switch (id) { case RQ_QOS_WBT: return "wbt"; case RQ_QOS_LATENCY: return "latency"; case RQ_QOS_COST: return "cost"; } return "unknown"; } static inline void rq_wait_init(struct rq_wait *rq_wait) { atomic_set(&rq_wait->inflight, 0); init_waitqueue_head(&rq_wait->wait); } static inline void rq_qos_add(struct request_queue *q, struct rq_qos *rqos) { /* * No IO can be in-flight when adding rqos, so freeze queue, which * is fine since we only support rq_qos for blk-mq queue. * * Reuse ->queue_lock for protecting against other concurrent * rq_qos adding/deleting */ blk_mq_freeze_queue(q); spin_lock_irq(&q->queue_lock); rqos->next = q->rq_qos; q->rq_qos = rqos; spin_unlock_irq(&q->queue_lock); blk_mq_unfreeze_queue(q); if (rqos->ops->debugfs_attrs) blk_mq_debugfs_register_rqos(rqos); } static inline void rq_qos_del(struct request_queue *q, struct rq_qos *rqos) { struct rq_qos **cur; /* * See comment in rq_qos_add() about freezing queue & using * ->queue_lock. */ blk_mq_freeze_queue(q); spin_lock_irq(&q->queue_lock); for (cur = &q->rq_qos; *cur; cur = &(*cur)->next) { if (*cur == rqos) { *cur = rqos->next; break; } } spin_unlock_irq(&q->queue_lock); blk_mq_unfreeze_queue(q); blk_mq_debugfs_unregister_rqos(rqos); } typedef bool (acquire_inflight_cb_t)(struct rq_wait *rqw, void *private_data); typedef void (cleanup_cb_t)(struct rq_wait *rqw, void *private_data); void rq_qos_wait(struct rq_wait *rqw, void *private_data, acquire_inflight_cb_t *acquire_inflight_cb, cleanup_cb_t *cleanup_cb); bool rq_wait_inc_below(struct rq_wait *rq_wait, unsigned int limit); bool rq_depth_scale_up(struct rq_depth *rqd); bool rq_depth_scale_down(struct rq_depth *rqd, bool hard_throttle); bool rq_depth_calc_max_depth(struct rq_depth *rqd); void __rq_qos_cleanup(struct rq_qos *rqos, struct bio *bio); void __rq_qos_done(struct rq_qos *rqos, struct request *rq); void __rq_qos_issue(struct rq_qos *rqos, struct request *rq); void __rq_qos_requeue(struct rq_qos *rqos, struct request *rq); void __rq_qos_throttle(struct rq_qos *rqos, struct bio *bio); void __rq_qos_track(struct rq_qos *rqos, struct request *rq, struct bio *bio); void __rq_qos_merge(struct rq_qos *rqos, struct request *rq, struct bio *bio); void __rq_qos_done_bio(struct rq_qos *rqos, struct bio *bio); void __rq_qos_queue_depth_changed(struct rq_qos *rqos); static inline void rq_qos_cleanup(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio) { if (q->rq_qos) __rq_qos_cleanup(q->rq_qos, bio); } static inline void rq_qos_done(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq) { if (q->rq_qos) __rq_qos_done(q->rq_qos, rq); } static inline void rq_qos_issue(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq) { if (q->rq_qos) __rq_qos_issue(q->rq_qos, rq); } static inline void rq_qos_requeue(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq) { if (q->rq_qos) __rq_qos_requeue(q->rq_qos, rq); } static inline void rq_qos_done_bio(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio) { if (q->rq_qos) __rq_qos_done_bio(q->rq_qos, bio); } static inline void rq_qos_throttle(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio) { /* * BIO_TRACKED lets controllers know that a bio went through the * normal rq_qos path. */ bio_set_flag(bio, BIO_TRACKED); if (q->rq_qos) __rq_qos_throttle(q->rq_qos, bio); } static inline void rq_qos_track(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, struct bio *bio) { if (q->rq_qos) __rq_qos_track(q->rq_qos, rq, bio); } static inline void rq_qos_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, struct bio *bio) { if (q->rq_qos) __rq_qos_merge(q->rq_qos, rq, bio); } static inline void rq_qos_queue_depth_changed(struct request_queue *q) { if (q->rq_qos) __rq_qos_queue_depth_changed(q->rq_qos); } void rq_qos_exit(struct request_queue *); #endif
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1217 1218 1219 1220 1221 1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 1242 1243 1244 1245 1246 1247 1248 1249 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 1260 1261 1262 1263 1264 1265 1266 1267 1268 1269 1270 1271 1272 1273 1274 1275 1276 1277 1278 1279 1280 1281 1282 1283 1284 1285 1286 1287 1288 1289 1290 1291 1292 1293 1294 1295 1296 1297 1298 1299 1300 1301 1302 1303 1304 1305 1306 1307 1308 1309 1310 1311 1312 1313 1314 1315 1316 1317 1318 1319 1320 1321 1322 1323 1324 1325 1326 1327 1328 1329 1330 1331 1332 1333 1334 1335 1336 1337 1338 1339 1340 1341 1342 1343 1344 1345 1346 1347 1348 1349 1350 1351 1352 1353 1354 1355 1356 1357 1358 1359 1360 1361 1362 1363 1364 1365 1366 1367 1368 1369 1370 1371 1372 1373 1374 1375 1376 1377 1378 1379 1380 1381 1382 1383 1384 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/user_namespace.h> #include <linux/proc_ns.h> #include <linux/highuid.h> #include <linux/cred.h> #include <linux/securebits.h> #include <linux/keyctl.h> #include <linux/key-type.h> #include <keys/user-type.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/ctype.h> #include <linux/projid.h> #include <linux/fs_struct.h> #include <linux/bsearch.h> #include <linux/sort.h> static struct kmem_cache *user_ns_cachep __read_mostly; static DEFINE_MUTEX(userns_state_mutex); static bool new_idmap_permitted(const struct file *file, struct user_namespace *ns, int cap_setid, struct uid_gid_map *map); static void free_user_ns(struct work_struct *work); static struct ucounts *inc_user_namespaces(struct user_namespace *ns, kuid_t uid) { return inc_ucount(ns, uid, UCOUNT_USER_NAMESPACES); } static void dec_user_namespaces(struct ucounts *ucounts) { return dec_ucount(ucounts, UCOUNT_USER_NAMESPACES); } static void set_cred_user_ns(struct cred *cred, struct user_namespace *user_ns) { /* Start with the same capabilities as init but useless for doing * anything as the capabilities are bound to the new user namespace. */ cred->securebits = SECUREBITS_DEFAULT; cred->cap_inheritable = CAP_EMPTY_SET; cred->cap_permitted = CAP_FULL_SET; cred->cap_effective = CAP_FULL_SET; cred->cap_ambient = CAP_EMPTY_SET; cred->cap_bset = CAP_FULL_SET; #ifdef CONFIG_KEYS key_put(cred->request_key_auth); cred->request_key_auth = NULL; #endif /* tgcred will be cleared in our caller bc CLONE_THREAD won't be set */ cred->user_ns = user_ns; } /* * Create a new user namespace, deriving the creator from the user in the * passed credentials, and replacing that user with the new root user for the * new namespace. * * This is called by copy_creds(), which will finish setting the target task's * credentials. */ int create_user_ns(struct cred *new) { struct user_namespace *ns, *parent_ns = new->user_ns; kuid_t owner = new->euid; kgid_t group = new->egid; struct ucounts *ucounts; int ret, i; ret = -ENOSPC; if (parent_ns->level > 32) goto fail; ucounts = inc_user_namespaces(parent_ns, owner); if (!ucounts) goto fail; /* * Verify that we can not violate the policy of which files * may be accessed that is specified by the root directory, * by verifing that the root directory is at the root of the * mount namespace which allows all files to be accessed. */ ret = -EPERM; if (current_chrooted()) goto fail_dec; /* The creator needs a mapping in the parent user namespace * or else we won't be able to reasonably tell userspace who * created a user_namespace. */ ret = -EPERM; if (!kuid_has_mapping(parent_ns, owner) || !kgid_has_mapping(parent_ns, group)) goto fail_dec; ret = -ENOMEM; ns = kmem_cache_zalloc(user_ns_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (!ns) goto fail_dec; ns->parent_could_setfcap = cap_raised(new->cap_effective, CAP_SETFCAP); ret = ns_alloc_inum(&ns->ns); if (ret) goto fail_free; ns->ns.ops = &userns_operations; atomic_set(&ns->count, 1); /* Leave the new->user_ns reference with the new user namespace. */ ns->parent = parent_ns; ns->level = parent_ns->level + 1; ns->owner = owner; ns->group = group; INIT_WORK(&ns->work, free_user_ns); for (i = 0; i < UCOUNT_COUNTS; i++) { ns->ucount_max[i] = INT_MAX; } ns->ucounts = ucounts; /* Inherit USERNS_SETGROUPS_ALLOWED from our parent */ mutex_lock(&userns_state_mutex); ns->flags = parent_ns->flags; mutex_unlock(&userns_state_mutex); #ifdef CONFIG_KEYS INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ns->keyring_name_list); init_rwsem(&ns->keyring_sem); #endif ret = -ENOMEM; if (!setup_userns_sysctls(ns)) goto fail_keyring; set_cred_user_ns(new, ns); return 0; fail_keyring: #ifdef CONFIG_PERSISTENT_KEYRINGS key_put(ns->persistent_keyring_register); #endif ns_free_inum(&ns->ns); fail_free: kmem_cache_free(user_ns_cachep, ns); fail_dec: dec_user_namespaces(ucounts); fail: return ret; } int unshare_userns(unsigned long unshare_flags, struct cred **new_cred) { struct cred *cred; int err = -ENOMEM; if (!(unshare_flags & CLONE_NEWUSER)) return 0; cred = prepare_creds(); if (cred) { err = create_user_ns(cred); if (err) put_cred(cred); else *new_cred = cred; } return err; } static void free_user_ns(struct work_struct *work) { struct user_namespace *parent, *ns = container_of(work, struct user_namespace, work); do { struct ucounts *ucounts = ns->ucounts; parent = ns->parent; if (ns->gid_map.nr_extents > UID_GID_MAP_MAX_BASE_EXTENTS) { kfree(ns->gid_map.forward); kfree(ns->gid_map.reverse); } if (ns->uid_map.nr_extents > UID_GID_MAP_MAX_BASE_EXTENTS) { kfree(ns->uid_map.forward); kfree(ns->uid_map.reverse); } if (ns->projid_map.nr_extents > UID_GID_MAP_MAX_BASE_EXTENTS) { kfree(ns->projid_map.forward); kfree(ns->projid_map.reverse); } retire_userns_sysctls(ns); key_free_user_ns(ns); ns_free_inum(&ns->ns); kmem_cache_free(user_ns_cachep, ns); dec_user_namespaces(ucounts); ns = parent; } while (atomic_dec_and_test(&parent->count)); } void __put_user_ns(struct user_namespace *ns) { schedule_work(&ns->work); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__put_user_ns); /** * idmap_key struct holds the information necessary to find an idmapping in a * sorted idmap array. It is passed to cmp_map_id() as first argument. */ struct idmap_key { bool map_up; /* true -> id from kid; false -> kid from id */ u32 id; /* id to find */ u32 count; /* == 0 unless used with map_id_range_down() */ }; /** * cmp_map_id - Function to be passed to bsearch() to find the requested * idmapping. Expects struct idmap_key to be passed via @k. */ static int cmp_map_id(const void *k, const void *e) { u32 first, last, id2; const struct idmap_key *key = k; const struct uid_gid_extent *el = e; id2 = key->id + key->count - 1; /* handle map_id_{down,up}() */ if (key->map_up) first = el->lower_first; else first = el->first; last = first + el->count - 1; if (key->id >= first && key->id <= last && (id2 >= first && id2 <= last)) return 0; if (key->id < first || id2 < first) return -1; return 1; } /** * map_id_range_down_max - Find idmap via binary search in ordered idmap array. * Can only be called if number of mappings exceeds UID_GID_MAP_MAX_BASE_EXTENTS. */ static struct uid_gid_extent * map_id_range_down_max(unsigned extents, struct uid_gid_map *map, u32 id, u32 count) { struct idmap_key key; key.map_up = false; key.count = count; key.id = id; return bsearch(&key, map->forward, extents, sizeof(struct uid_gid_extent), cmp_map_id); } /** * map_id_range_down_base - Find idmap via binary search in static extent array. * Can only be called if number of mappings is equal or less than * UID_GID_MAP_MAX_BASE_EXTENTS. */ static struct uid_gid_extent * map_id_range_down_base(unsigned extents, struct uid_gid_map *map, u32 id, u32 count) { unsigned idx; u32 first, last, id2; id2 = id + count - 1; /* Find the matching extent */ for (idx = 0; idx < extents; idx++) { first = map->extent[idx].first; last = first + map->extent[idx].count - 1; if (id >= first && id <= last && (id2 >= first && id2 <= last)) return &map->extent[idx]; } return NULL; } static u32 map_id_range_down(struct uid_gid_map *map, u32 id, u32 count) { struct uid_gid_extent *extent; unsigned extents = map->nr_extents; smp_rmb(); if (extents <= UID_GID_MAP_MAX_BASE_EXTENTS) extent = map_id_range_down_base(extents, map, id, count); else extent = map_id_range_down_max(extents, map, id, count); /* Map the id or note failure */ if (extent) id = (id - extent->first) + extent->lower_first; else id = (u32) -1; return id; } static u32 map_id_down(struct uid_gid_map *map, u32 id) { return map_id_range_down(map, id, 1); } /** * map_id_up_base - Find idmap via binary search in static extent array. * Can only be called if number of mappings is equal or less than * UID_GID_MAP_MAX_BASE_EXTENTS. */ static struct uid_gid_extent * map_id_up_base(unsigned extents, struct uid_gid_map *map, u32 id) { unsigned idx; u32 first, last; /* Find the matching extent */ for (idx = 0; idx < extents; idx++) { first = map->extent[idx].lower_first; last = first + map->extent[idx].count - 1; if (id >= first && id <= last) return &map->extent[idx]; } return NULL; } /** * map_id_up_max - Find idmap via binary search in ordered idmap array. * Can only be called if number of mappings exceeds UID_GID_MAP_MAX_BASE_EXTENTS. */ static struct uid_gid_extent * map_id_up_max(unsigned extents, struct uid_gid_map *map, u32 id) { struct idmap_key key; key.map_up = true; key.count = 1; key.id = id; return bsearch(&key, map->reverse, extents, sizeof(struct uid_gid_extent), cmp_map_id); } static u32 map_id_up(struct uid_gid_map *map, u32 id) { struct uid_gid_extent *extent; unsigned extents = map->nr_extents; smp_rmb(); if (extents <= UID_GID_MAP_MAX_BASE_EXTENTS) extent = map_id_up_base(extents, map, id); else extent = map_id_up_max(extents, map, id); /* Map the id or note failure */ if (extent) id = (id - extent->lower_first) + extent->first; else id = (u32) -1; return id; } /** * make_kuid - Map a user-namespace uid pair into a kuid. * @ns: User namespace that the uid is in * @uid: User identifier * * Maps a user-namespace uid pair into a kernel internal kuid, * and returns that kuid. * * When there is no mapping defined for the user-namespace uid * pair INVALID_UID is returned. Callers are expected to test * for and handle INVALID_UID being returned. INVALID_UID * may be tested for using uid_valid(). */ kuid_t make_kuid(struct user_namespace *ns, uid_t uid) { /* Map the uid to a global kernel uid */ return KUIDT_INIT(map_id_down(&ns->uid_map, uid)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(make_kuid); /** * from_kuid - Create a uid from a kuid user-namespace pair. * @targ: The user namespace we want a uid in. * @kuid: The kernel internal uid to start with. * * Map @kuid into the user-namespace specified by @targ and * return the resulting uid. * * There is always a mapping into the initial user_namespace. * * If @kuid has no mapping in @targ (uid_t)-1 is returned. */ uid_t from_kuid(struct user_namespace *targ, kuid_t kuid) { /* Map the uid from a global kernel uid */ return map_id_up(&targ->uid_map, __kuid_val(kuid)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(from_kuid); /** * from_kuid_munged - Create a uid from a kuid user-namespace pair. * @targ: The user namespace we want a uid in. * @kuid: The kernel internal uid to start with. * * Map @kuid into the user-namespace specified by @targ and * return the resulting uid. * * There is always a mapping into the initial user_namespace. * * Unlike from_kuid from_kuid_munged never fails and always * returns a valid uid. This makes from_kuid_munged appropriate * for use in syscalls like stat and getuid where failing the * system call and failing to provide a valid uid are not an * options. * * If @kuid has no mapping in @targ overflowuid is returned. */ uid_t from_kuid_munged(struct user_namespace *targ, kuid_t kuid) { uid_t uid; uid = from_kuid(targ, kuid); if (uid == (uid_t) -1) uid = overflowuid; return uid; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(from_kuid_munged); /** * make_kgid - Map a user-namespace gid pair into a kgid. * @ns: User namespace that the gid is in * @gid: group identifier * * Maps a user-namespace gid pair into a kernel internal kgid, * and returns that kgid. * * When there is no mapping defined for the user-namespace gid * pair INVALID_GID is returned. Callers are expected to test * for and handle INVALID_GID being returned. INVALID_GID may be * tested for using gid_valid(). */ kgid_t make_kgid(struct user_namespace *ns, gid_t gid) { /* Map the gid to a global kernel gid */ return KGIDT_INIT(map_id_down(&ns->gid_map, gid)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(make_kgid); /** * from_kgid - Create a gid from a kgid user-namespace pair. * @targ: The user namespace we want a gid in. * @kgid: The kernel internal gid to start with. * * Map @kgid into the user-namespace specified by @targ and * return the resulting gid. * * There is always a mapping into the initial user_namespace. * * If @kgid has no mapping in @targ (gid_t)-1 is returned. */ gid_t from_kgid(struct user_namespace *targ, kgid_t kgid) { /* Map the gid from a global kernel gid */ return map_id_up(&targ->gid_map, __kgid_val(kgid)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(from_kgid); /** * from_kgid_munged - Create a gid from a kgid user-namespace pair. * @targ: The user namespace we want a gid in. * @kgid: The kernel internal gid to start with. * * Map @kgid into the user-namespace specified by @targ and * return the resulting gid. * * There is always a mapping into the initial user_namespace. * * Unlike from_kgid from_kgid_munged never fails and always * returns a valid gid. This makes from_kgid_munged appropriate * for use in syscalls like stat and getgid where failing the * system call and failing to provide a valid gid are not options. * * If @kgid has no mapping in @targ overflowgid is returned. */ gid_t from_kgid_munged(struct user_namespace *targ, kgid_t kgid) { gid_t gid; gid = from_kgid(targ, kgid); if (gid == (gid_t) -1) gid = overflowgid; return gid; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(from_kgid_munged); /** * make_kprojid - Map a user-namespace projid pair into a kprojid. * @ns: User namespace that the projid is in * @projid: Project identifier * * Maps a user-namespace uid pair into a kernel internal kuid, * and returns that kuid. * * When there is no mapping defined for the user-namespace projid * pair INVALID_PROJID is returned. Callers are expected to test * for and handle INVALID_PROJID being returned. INVALID_PROJID * may be tested for using projid_valid(). */ kprojid_t make_kprojid(struct user_namespace *ns, projid_t projid) { /* Map the uid to a global kernel uid */ return KPROJIDT_INIT(map_id_down(&ns->projid_map, projid)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(make_kprojid); /** * from_kprojid - Create a projid from a kprojid user-namespace pair. * @targ: The user namespace we want a projid in. * @kprojid: The kernel internal project identifier to start with. * * Map @kprojid into the user-namespace specified by @targ and * return the resulting projid. * * There is always a mapping into the initial user_namespace. * * If @kprojid has no mapping in @targ (projid_t)-1 is returned. */ projid_t from_kprojid(struct user_namespace *targ, kprojid_t kprojid) { /* Map the uid from a global kernel uid */ return map_id_up(&targ->projid_map, __kprojid_val(kprojid)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(from_kprojid); /** * from_kprojid_munged - Create a projiid from a kprojid user-namespace pair. * @targ: The user namespace we want a projid in. * @kprojid: The kernel internal projid to start with. * * Map @kprojid into the user-namespace specified by @targ and * return the resulting projid. * * There is always a mapping into the initial user_namespace. * * Unlike from_kprojid from_kprojid_munged never fails and always * returns a valid projid. This makes from_kprojid_munged * appropriate for use in syscalls like stat and where * failing the system call and failing to provide a valid projid are * not an options. * * If @kprojid has no mapping in @targ OVERFLOW_PROJID is returned. */ projid_t from_kprojid_munged(struct user_namespace *targ, kprojid_t kprojid) { projid_t projid; projid = from_kprojid(targ, kprojid); if (projid == (projid_t) -1) projid = OVERFLOW_PROJID; return projid; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(from_kprojid_munged); static int uid_m_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { struct user_namespace *ns = seq->private; struct uid_gid_extent *extent = v; struct user_namespace *lower_ns; uid_t lower; lower_ns = seq_user_ns(seq); if ((lower_ns == ns) && lower_ns->parent) lower_ns = lower_ns->parent; lower = from_kuid(lower_ns, KUIDT_INIT(extent->lower_first)); seq_printf(seq, "%10u %10u %10u\n", extent->first, lower, extent->count); return 0; } static int gid_m_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { struct user_namespace *ns = seq->private; struct uid_gid_extent *extent = v; struct user_namespace *lower_ns; gid_t lower; lower_ns = seq_user_ns(seq); if ((lower_ns == ns) && lower_ns->parent) lower_ns = lower_ns->parent; lower = from_kgid(lower_ns, KGIDT_INIT(extent->lower_first)); seq_printf(seq, "%10u %10u %10u\n", extent->first, lower, extent->count); return 0; } static int projid_m_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { struct user_namespace *ns = seq->private; struct uid_gid_extent *extent = v; struct user_namespace *lower_ns; projid_t lower; lower_ns = seq_user_ns(seq); if ((lower_ns == ns) && lower_ns->parent) lower_ns = lower_ns->parent; lower = from_kprojid(lower_ns, KPROJIDT_INIT(extent->lower_first)); seq_printf(seq, "%10u %10u %10u\n", extent->first, lower, extent->count); return 0; } static void *m_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *ppos, struct uid_gid_map *map) { loff_t pos = *ppos; unsigned extents = map->nr_extents; smp_rmb(); if (pos >= extents) return NULL; if (extents <= UID_GID_MAP_MAX_BASE_EXTENTS) return &map->extent[pos]; return &map->forward[pos]; } static void *uid_m_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *ppos) { struct user_namespace *ns = seq->private; return m_start(seq, ppos, &ns->uid_map); } static void *gid_m_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *ppos) { struct user_namespace *ns = seq->private; return m_start(seq, ppos, &ns->gid_map); } static void *projid_m_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *ppos) { struct user_namespace *ns = seq->private; return m_start(seq, ppos, &ns->projid_map); } static void *m_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *v, loff_t *pos) { (*pos)++; return seq->op->start(seq, pos); } static void m_stop(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { return; } const struct seq_operations proc_uid_seq_operations = { .start = uid_m_start, .stop = m_stop, .next = m_next, .show = uid_m_show, }; const struct seq_operations proc_gid_seq_operations = { .start = gid_m_start, .stop = m_stop, .next = m_next, .show = gid_m_show, }; const struct seq_operations proc_projid_seq_operations = { .start = projid_m_start, .stop = m_stop, .next = m_next, .show = projid_m_show, }; static bool mappings_overlap(struct uid_gid_map *new_map, struct uid_gid_extent *extent) { u32 upper_first, lower_first, upper_last, lower_last; unsigned idx; upper_first = extent->first; lower_first = extent->lower_first; upper_last = upper_first + extent->count - 1; lower_last = lower_first + extent->count - 1; for (idx = 0; idx < new_map->nr_extents; idx++) { u32 prev_upper_first, prev_lower_first; u32 prev_upper_last, prev_lower_last; struct uid_gid_extent *prev; if (new_map->nr_extents <= UID_GID_MAP_MAX_BASE_EXTENTS) prev = &new_map->extent[idx]; else prev = &new_map->forward[idx]; prev_upper_first = prev->first; prev_lower_first = prev->lower_first; prev_upper_last = prev_upper_first + prev->count - 1; prev_lower_last = prev_lower_first + prev->count - 1; /* Does the upper range intersect a previous extent? */ if ((prev_upper_first <= upper_last) && (prev_upper_last >= upper_first)) return true; /* Does the lower range intersect a previous extent? */ if ((prev_lower_first <= lower_last) && (prev_lower_last >= lower_first)) return true; } return false; } /** * insert_extent - Safely insert a new idmap extent into struct uid_gid_map. * Takes care to allocate a 4K block of memory if the number of mappings exceeds * UID_GID_MAP_MAX_BASE_EXTENTS. */ static int insert_extent(struct uid_gid_map *map, struct uid_gid_extent *extent) { struct uid_gid_extent *dest; if (map->nr_extents == UID_GID_MAP_MAX_BASE_EXTENTS) { struct uid_gid_extent *forward; /* Allocate memory for 340 mappings. */ forward = kmalloc_array(UID_GID_MAP_MAX_EXTENTS, sizeof(struct uid_gid_extent), GFP_KERNEL); if (!forward) return -ENOMEM; /* Copy over memory. Only set up memory for the forward pointer. * Defer the memory setup for the reverse pointer. */ memcpy(forward, map->extent, map->nr_extents * sizeof(map->extent[0])); map->forward = forward; map->reverse = NULL; } if (map->nr_extents < UID_GID_MAP_MAX_BASE_EXTENTS) dest = &map->extent[map->nr_extents]; else dest = &map->forward[map->nr_extents]; *dest = *extent; map->nr_extents++; return 0; } /* cmp function to sort() forward mappings */ static int cmp_extents_forward(const void *a, const void *b) { const struct uid_gid_extent *e1 = a; const struct uid_gid_extent *e2 = b; if (e1->first < e2->first) return -1; if (e1->first > e2->first) return 1; return 0; } /* cmp function to sort() reverse mappings */ static int cmp_extents_reverse(const void *a, const void *b) { const struct uid_gid_extent *e1 = a; const struct uid_gid_extent *e2 = b; if (e1->lower_first < e2->lower_first) return -1; if (e1->lower_first > e2->lower_first) return 1; return 0; } /** * sort_idmaps - Sorts an array of idmap entries. * Can only be called if number of mappings exceeds UID_GID_MAP_MAX_BASE_EXTENTS. */ static int sort_idmaps(struct uid_gid_map *map) { if (map->nr_extents <= UID_GID_MAP_MAX_BASE_EXTENTS) return 0; /* Sort forward array. */ sort(map->forward, map->nr_extents, sizeof(struct uid_gid_extent), cmp_extents_forward, NULL); /* Only copy the memory from forward we actually need. */ map->reverse = kmemdup(map->forward, map->nr_extents * sizeof(struct uid_gid_extent), GFP_KERNEL); if (!map->reverse) return -ENOMEM; /* Sort reverse array. */ sort(map->reverse, map->nr_extents, sizeof(struct uid_gid_extent), cmp_extents_reverse, NULL); return 0; } /** * verify_root_map() - check the uid 0 mapping * @file: idmapping file * @map_ns: user namespace of the target process * @new_map: requested idmap * * If a process requests mapping parent uid 0 into the new ns, verify that the * process writing the map had the CAP_SETFCAP capability as the target process * will be able to write fscaps that are valid in ancestor user namespaces. * * Return: true if the mapping is allowed, false if not. */ static bool verify_root_map(const struct file *file, struct user_namespace *map_ns, struct uid_gid_map *new_map) { int idx; const struct user_namespace *file_ns = file->f_cred->user_ns; struct uid_gid_extent *extent0 = NULL; for (idx = 0; idx < new_map->nr_extents; idx++) { if (new_map->nr_extents <= UID_GID_MAP_MAX_BASE_EXTENTS) extent0 = &new_map->extent[idx]; else extent0 = &new_map->forward[idx]; if (extent0->lower_first == 0) break; extent0 = NULL; } if (!extent0) return true; if (map_ns == file_ns) { /* The process unshared its ns and is writing to its own * /proc/self/uid_map. User already has full capabilites in * the new namespace. Verify that the parent had CAP_SETFCAP * when it unshared. * */ if (!file_ns->parent_could_setfcap) return false; } else { /* Process p1 is writing to uid_map of p2, who is in a child * user namespace to p1's. Verify that the opener of the map * file has CAP_SETFCAP against the parent of the new map * namespace */ if (!file_ns_capable(file, map_ns->parent, CAP_SETFCAP)) return false; } return true; } static ssize_t map_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos, int cap_setid, struct uid_gid_map *map, struct uid_gid_map *parent_map) { struct seq_file *seq = file->private_data; struct user_namespace *map_ns = seq->private; struct uid_gid_map new_map; unsigned idx; struct uid_gid_extent extent; char *kbuf = NULL, *pos, *next_line; ssize_t ret; /* Only allow < page size writes at the beginning of the file */ if ((*ppos != 0) || (count >= PAGE_SIZE)) return -EINVAL; /* Slurp in the user data */ kbuf = memdup_user_nul(buf, count); if (IS_ERR(kbuf)) return PTR_ERR(kbuf); /* * The userns_state_mutex serializes all writes to any given map. * * Any map is only ever written once. * * An id map fits within 1 cache line on most architectures. * * On read nothing needs to be done unless you are on an * architecture with a crazy cache coherency model like alpha. * * There is a one time data dependency between reading the * count of the extents and the values of the extents. The * desired behavior is to see the values of the extents that * were written before the count of the extents. * * To achieve this smp_wmb() is used on guarantee the write * order and smp_rmb() is guaranteed that we don't have crazy * architectures returning stale data. */ mutex_lock(&userns_state_mutex); memset(&new_map, 0, sizeof(struct uid_gid_map)); ret = -EPERM; /* Only allow one successful write to the map */ if (map->nr_extents != 0) goto out; /* * Adjusting namespace settings requires capabilities on the target. */ if (cap_valid(cap_setid) && !file_ns_capable(file, map_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) goto out; /* Parse the user data */ ret = -EINVAL; pos = kbuf; for (; pos; pos = next_line) { /* Find the end of line and ensure I don't look past it */ next_line = strchr(pos, '\n'); if (next_line) { *next_line = '\0'; next_line++; if (*next_line == '\0') next_line = NULL; } pos = skip_spaces(pos); extent.first = simple_strtoul(pos, &pos, 10); if (!isspace(*pos)) goto out; pos = skip_spaces(pos); extent.lower_first = simple_strtoul(pos, &pos, 10); if (!isspace(*pos)) goto out; pos = skip_spaces(pos); extent.count = simple_strtoul(pos, &pos, 10); if (*pos && !isspace(*pos)) goto out; /* Verify there is not trailing junk on the line */ pos = skip_spaces(pos); if (*pos != '\0') goto out; /* Verify we have been given valid starting values */ if ((extent.first == (u32) -1) || (extent.lower_first == (u32) -1)) goto out; /* Verify count is not zero and does not cause the * extent to wrap */ if ((extent.first + extent.count) <= extent.first) goto out; if ((extent.lower_first + extent.count) <= extent.lower_first) goto out; /* Do the ranges in extent overlap any previous extents? */ if (mappings_overlap(&new_map, &extent)) goto out; if ((new_map.nr_extents + 1) == UID_GID_MAP_MAX_EXTENTS && (next_line != NULL)) goto out; ret = insert_extent(&new_map, &extent); if (ret < 0) goto out; ret = -EINVAL; } /* Be very certaint the new map actually exists */ if (new_map.nr_extents == 0) goto out; ret = -EPERM; /* Validate the user is allowed to use user id's mapped to. */ if (!new_idmap_permitted(file, map_ns, cap_setid, &new_map)) goto out; ret = -EPERM; /* Map the lower ids from the parent user namespace to the * kernel global id space. */ for (idx = 0; idx < new_map.nr_extents; idx++) { struct uid_gid_extent *e; u32 lower_first; if (new_map.nr_extents <= UID_GID_MAP_MAX_BASE_EXTENTS) e = &new_map.extent[idx]; else e = &new_map.forward[idx]; lower_first = map_id_range_down(parent_map, e->lower_first, e->count); /* Fail if we can not map the specified extent to * the kernel global id space. */ if (lower_first == (u32) -1) goto out; e->lower_first = lower_first; } /* * If we want to use binary search for lookup, this clones the extent * array and sorts both copies. */ ret = sort_idmaps(&new_map); if (ret < 0) goto out; /* Install the map */ if (new_map.nr_extents <= UID_GID_MAP_MAX_BASE_EXTENTS) { memcpy(map->extent, new_map.extent, new_map.nr_extents * sizeof(new_map.extent[0])); } else { map->forward = new_map.forward; map->reverse = new_map.reverse; } smp_wmb(); map->nr_extents = new_map.nr_extents; *ppos = count; ret = count; out: if (ret < 0 && new_map.nr_extents > UID_GID_MAP_MAX_BASE_EXTENTS) { kfree(new_map.forward); kfree(new_map.reverse); map->forward = NULL; map->reverse = NULL; map->nr_extents = 0; } mutex_unlock(&userns_state_mutex); kfree(kbuf); return ret; } ssize_t proc_uid_map_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf, size_t size, loff_t *ppos) { struct seq_file *seq = file->private_data; struct user_namespace *ns = seq->private; struct user_namespace *seq_ns = seq_user_ns(seq); if (!ns->parent) return -EPERM; if ((seq_ns != ns) && (seq_ns != ns->parent)) return -EPERM; return map_write(file, buf, size, ppos, CAP_SETUID, &ns->uid_map, &ns->parent->uid_map); } ssize_t proc_gid_map_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf, size_t size, loff_t *ppos) { struct seq_file *seq = file->private_data; struct user_namespace *ns = seq->private; struct user_namespace *seq_ns = seq_user_ns(seq); if (!ns->parent) return -EPERM; if ((seq_ns != ns) && (seq_ns != ns->parent)) return -EPERM; return map_write(file, buf, size, ppos, CAP_SETGID, &ns->gid_map, &ns->parent->gid_map); } ssize_t proc_projid_map_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf, size_t size, loff_t *ppos) { struct seq_file *seq = file->private_data; struct user_namespace *ns = seq->private; struct user_namespace *seq_ns = seq_user_ns(seq); if (!ns->parent) return -EPERM; if ((seq_ns != ns) && (seq_ns != ns->parent)) return -EPERM; /* Anyone can set any valid project id no capability needed */ return map_write(file, buf, size, ppos, -1, &ns->projid_map, &ns->parent->projid_map); } static bool new_idmap_permitted(const struct file *file, struct user_namespace *ns, int cap_setid, struct uid_gid_map *new_map) { const struct cred *cred = file->f_cred; if (cap_setid == CAP_SETUID && !verify_root_map(file, ns, new_map)) return false; /* Don't allow mappings that would allow anything that wouldn't * be allowed without the establishment of unprivileged mappings. */ if ((new_map->nr_extents == 1) && (new_map->extent[0].count == 1) && uid_eq(ns->owner, cred->euid)) { u32 id = new_map->extent[0].lower_first; if (cap_setid == CAP_SETUID) { kuid_t uid = make_kuid(ns->parent, id); if (uid_eq(uid, cred->euid)) return true; } else if (cap_setid == CAP_SETGID) { kgid_t gid = make_kgid(ns->parent, id); if (!(ns->flags & USERNS_SETGROUPS_ALLOWED) && gid_eq(gid, cred->egid)) return true; } } /* Allow anyone to set a mapping that doesn't require privilege */ if (!cap_valid(cap_setid)) return true; /* Allow the specified ids if we have the appropriate capability * (CAP_SETUID or CAP_SETGID) over the parent user namespace. * And the opener of the id file also had the approprpiate capability. */ if (ns_capable(ns->parent, cap_setid) && file_ns_capable(file, ns->parent, cap_setid)) return true; return false; } int proc_setgroups_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { struct user_namespace *ns = seq->private; unsigned long userns_flags = READ_ONCE(ns->flags); seq_printf(seq, "%s\n", (userns_flags & USERNS_SETGROUPS_ALLOWED) ? "allow" : "deny"); return 0; } ssize_t proc_setgroups_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { struct seq_file *seq = file->private_data; struct user_namespace *ns = seq->private; char kbuf[8], *pos; bool setgroups_allowed; ssize_t ret; /* Only allow a very narrow range of strings to be written */ ret = -EINVAL; if ((*ppos != 0) || (count >= sizeof(kbuf))) goto out; /* What was written? */ ret = -EFAULT; if (copy_from_user(kbuf, buf, count)) goto out; kbuf[count] = '\0'; pos = kbuf; /* What is being requested? */ ret = -EINVAL; if (strncmp(pos, "allow", 5) == 0) { pos += 5; setgroups_allowed = true; } else if (strncmp(pos, "deny", 4) == 0) { pos += 4; setgroups_allowed = false; } else goto out; /* Verify there is not trailing junk on the line */ pos = skip_spaces(pos); if (*pos != '\0') goto out; ret = -EPERM; mutex_lock(&userns_state_mutex); if (setgroups_allowed) { /* Enabling setgroups after setgroups has been disabled * is not allowed. */ if (!(ns->flags & USERNS_SETGROUPS_ALLOWED)) goto out_unlock; } else { /* Permanently disabling setgroups after setgroups has * been enabled by writing the gid_map is not allowed. */ if (ns->gid_map.nr_extents != 0) goto out_unlock; ns->flags &= ~USERNS_SETGROUPS_ALLOWED; } mutex_unlock(&userns_state_mutex); /* Report a successful write */ *ppos = count; ret = count; out: return ret; out_unlock: mutex_unlock(&userns_state_mutex); goto out; } bool userns_may_setgroups(const struct user_namespace *ns) { bool allowed; mutex_lock(&userns_state_mutex); /* It is not safe to use setgroups until a gid mapping in * the user namespace has been established. */ allowed = ns->gid_map.nr_extents != 0; /* Is setgroups allowed? */ allowed = allowed && (ns->flags & USERNS_SETGROUPS_ALLOWED); mutex_unlock(&userns_state_mutex); return allowed; } /* * Returns true if @child is the same namespace or a descendant of * @ancestor. */ bool in_userns(const struct user_namespace *ancestor, const struct user_namespace *child) { const struct user_namespace *ns; for (ns = child; ns->level > ancestor->level; ns = ns->parent) ; return (ns == ancestor); } bool current_in_userns(const struct user_namespace *target_ns) { return in_userns(target_ns, current_user_ns()); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(current_in_userns); static inline struct user_namespace *to_user_ns(struct ns_common *ns) { return container_of(ns, struct user_namespace, ns); } static struct ns_common *userns_get(struct task_struct *task) { struct user_namespace *user_ns; rcu_read_lock(); user_ns = get_user_ns(__task_cred(task)->user_ns); rcu_read_unlock(); return user_ns ? &user_ns->ns : NULL; } static void userns_put(struct ns_common *ns) { put_user_ns(to_user_ns(ns)); } static int userns_install(struct nsset *nsset, struct ns_common *ns) { struct user_namespace *user_ns = to_user_ns(ns); struct cred *cred; /* Don't allow gaining capabilities by reentering * the same user namespace. */ if (user_ns == current_user_ns()) return -EINVAL; /* Tasks that share a thread group must share a user namespace */ if (!thread_group_empty(current)) return -EINVAL; if (current->fs->users != 1) return -EINVAL; if (!ns_capable(user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) return -EPERM; cred = nsset_cred(nsset); if (!cred) return -EINVAL; put_user_ns(cred->user_ns); set_cred_user_ns(cred, get_user_ns(user_ns)); return 0; } struct ns_common *ns_get_owner(struct ns_common *ns) { struct user_namespace *my_user_ns = current_user_ns(); struct user_namespace *owner, *p; /* See if the owner is in the current user namespace */ owner = p = ns->ops->owner(ns); for (;;) { if (!p) return ERR_PTR(-EPERM); if (p == my_user_ns) break; p = p->parent; } return &get_user_ns(owner)->ns; } static struct user_namespace *userns_owner(struct ns_common *ns) { return to_user_ns(ns)->parent; } const struct proc_ns_operations userns_operations = { .name = "user", .type = CLONE_NEWUSER, .get = userns_get, .put = userns_put, .install = userns_install, .owner = userns_owner, .get_parent = ns_get_owner, }; static __init int user_namespaces_init(void) { user_ns_cachep = KMEM_CACHE(user_namespace, SLAB_PANIC); return 0; } subsys_initcall(user_namespaces_init);
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * Netlink message type permission tables, for user generated messages. * * Author: James Morris <jmorris@redhat.com> * * Copyright (C) 2004 Red Hat, Inc., James Morris <jmorris@redhat.com> */ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/netlink.h> #include <linux/rtnetlink.h> #include <linux/if.h> #include <linux/inet_diag.h> #include <linux/xfrm.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/sock_diag.h> #include "flask.h" #include "av_permissions.h" #include "security.h" struct nlmsg_perm { u16 nlmsg_type; u32 perm; }; static const struct nlmsg_perm nlmsg_route_perms[] = { { RTM_NEWLINK, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_DELLINK, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_GETLINK, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_SETLINK, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_NEWADDR, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_DELADDR, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_GETADDR, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_NEWROUTE, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_DELROUTE, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_GETROUTE, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_NEWNEIGH, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_DELNEIGH, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_GETNEIGH, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_NEWRULE, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_DELRULE, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_GETRULE, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_NEWQDISC, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_DELQDISC, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_GETQDISC, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_NEWTCLASS, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_DELTCLASS, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_GETTCLASS, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_NEWTFILTER, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_DELTFILTER, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_GETTFILTER, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_NEWACTION, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_DELACTION, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_GETACTION, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_NEWPREFIX, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_GETMULTICAST, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_GETANYCAST, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_GETNEIGHTBL, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_SETNEIGHTBL, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_NEWADDRLABEL, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_DELADDRLABEL, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_GETADDRLABEL, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_GETDCB, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_SETDCB, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_NEWNETCONF, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_DELNETCONF, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_GETNETCONF, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_NEWMDB, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_DELMDB, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_GETMDB, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_NEWNSID, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_DELNSID, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_GETNSID, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_NEWSTATS, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_GETSTATS, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_NEWCACHEREPORT, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_NEWCHAIN, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_DELCHAIN, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_GETCHAIN, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_NEWNEXTHOP, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_DELNEXTHOP, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_GETNEXTHOP, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { RTM_NEWLINKPROP, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_DELLINKPROP, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_NEWVLAN, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_DELVLAN, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { RTM_GETVLAN, NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, }; static const struct nlmsg_perm nlmsg_tcpdiag_perms[] = { { TCPDIAG_GETSOCK, NETLINK_TCPDIAG_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { DCCPDIAG_GETSOCK, NETLINK_TCPDIAG_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { SOCK_DIAG_BY_FAMILY, NETLINK_TCPDIAG_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { SOCK_DESTROY, NETLINK_TCPDIAG_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, }; static const struct nlmsg_perm nlmsg_xfrm_perms[] = { { XFRM_MSG_NEWSA, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { XFRM_MSG_DELSA, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { XFRM_MSG_GETSA, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { XFRM_MSG_NEWPOLICY, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { XFRM_MSG_DELPOLICY, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { XFRM_MSG_GETPOLICY, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { XFRM_MSG_ALLOCSPI, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { XFRM_MSG_ACQUIRE, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { XFRM_MSG_EXPIRE, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { XFRM_MSG_UPDPOLICY, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { XFRM_MSG_UPDSA, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { XFRM_MSG_POLEXPIRE, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { XFRM_MSG_FLUSHSA, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { XFRM_MSG_FLUSHPOLICY, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { XFRM_MSG_NEWAE, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { XFRM_MSG_GETAE, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { XFRM_MSG_REPORT, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { XFRM_MSG_MIGRATE, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { XFRM_MSG_NEWSADINFO, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { XFRM_MSG_GETSADINFO, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { XFRM_MSG_NEWSPDINFO, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { XFRM_MSG_GETSPDINFO, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { XFRM_MSG_MAPPING, NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, }; static const struct nlmsg_perm nlmsg_audit_perms[] = { { AUDIT_GET, NETLINK_AUDIT_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { AUDIT_SET, NETLINK_AUDIT_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { AUDIT_LIST, NETLINK_AUDIT_SOCKET__NLMSG_READPRIV }, { AUDIT_ADD, NETLINK_AUDIT_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { AUDIT_DEL, NETLINK_AUDIT_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { AUDIT_LIST_RULES, NETLINK_AUDIT_SOCKET__NLMSG_READPRIV }, { AUDIT_ADD_RULE, NETLINK_AUDIT_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { AUDIT_DEL_RULE, NETLINK_AUDIT_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { AUDIT_USER, NETLINK_AUDIT_SOCKET__NLMSG_RELAY }, { AUDIT_SIGNAL_INFO, NETLINK_AUDIT_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { AUDIT_TRIM, NETLINK_AUDIT_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { AUDIT_MAKE_EQUIV, NETLINK_AUDIT_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, { AUDIT_TTY_GET, NETLINK_AUDIT_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { AUDIT_TTY_SET, NETLINK_AUDIT_SOCKET__NLMSG_TTY_AUDIT }, { AUDIT_GET_FEATURE, NETLINK_AUDIT_SOCKET__NLMSG_READ }, { AUDIT_SET_FEATURE, NETLINK_AUDIT_SOCKET__NLMSG_WRITE }, }; static int nlmsg_perm(u16 nlmsg_type, u32 *perm, const struct nlmsg_perm *tab, size_t tabsize) { int i, err = -EINVAL; for (i = 0; i < tabsize/sizeof(struct nlmsg_perm); i++) if (nlmsg_type == tab[i].nlmsg_type) { *perm = tab[i].perm; err = 0; break; } return err; } int selinux_nlmsg_lookup(u16 sclass, u16 nlmsg_type, u32 *perm) { int err = 0; switch (sclass) { case SECCLASS_NETLINK_ROUTE_SOCKET: /* RTM_MAX always points to RTM_SETxxxx, ie RTM_NEWxxx + 3. * If the BUILD_BUG_ON() below fails you must update the * structures at the top of this file with the new mappings * before updating the BUILD_BUG_ON() macro! */ BUILD_BUG_ON(RTM_MAX != (RTM_NEWVLAN + 3)); err = nlmsg_perm(nlmsg_type, perm, nlmsg_route_perms, sizeof(nlmsg_route_perms)); break; case SECCLASS_NETLINK_TCPDIAG_SOCKET: err = nlmsg_perm(nlmsg_type, perm, nlmsg_tcpdiag_perms, sizeof(nlmsg_tcpdiag_perms)); break; case SECCLASS_NETLINK_XFRM_SOCKET: /* If the BUILD_BUG_ON() below fails you must update the * structures at the top of this file with the new mappings * before updating the BUILD_BUG_ON() macro! */ BUILD_BUG_ON(XFRM_MSG_MAX != XFRM_MSG_MAPPING); err = nlmsg_perm(nlmsg_type, perm, nlmsg_xfrm_perms, sizeof(nlmsg_xfrm_perms)); break; case SECCLASS_NETLINK_AUDIT_SOCKET: if ((nlmsg_type >= AUDIT_FIRST_USER_MSG && nlmsg_type <= AUDIT_LAST_USER_MSG) || (nlmsg_type >= AUDIT_FIRST_USER_MSG2 && nlmsg_type <= AUDIT_LAST_USER_MSG2)) { *perm = NETLINK_AUDIT_SOCKET__NLMSG_RELAY; } else { err = nlmsg_perm(nlmsg_type, perm, nlmsg_audit_perms, sizeof(nlmsg_audit_perms)); } break; /* No messaging from userspace, or class unknown/unhandled */ default: err = -ENOENT; break; } return err; }
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* audit.h -- Auditing support * * Copyright 2003-2004 Red Hat Inc., Durham, North Carolina. * All Rights Reserved. * * Written by Rickard E. (Rik) Faith <faith@redhat.com> */ #ifndef _LINUX_AUDIT_H_ #define _LINUX_AUDIT_H_ #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <uapi/linux/audit.h> #include <uapi/linux/netfilter/nf_tables.h> #define AUDIT_INO_UNSET ((unsigned long)-1) #define AUDIT_DEV_UNSET ((dev_t)-1) struct audit_sig_info { uid_t uid; pid_t pid; char ctx[]; }; struct audit_buffer; struct audit_context; struct inode; struct netlink_skb_parms; struct path; struct linux_binprm; struct mq_attr; struct mqstat; struct audit_watch; struct audit_tree; struct sk_buff; struct audit_krule { u32 pflags; u32 flags; u32 listnr; u32 action; u32 mask[AUDIT_BITMASK_SIZE]; u32 buflen; /* for data alloc on list rules */ u32 field_count; char *filterkey; /* ties events to rules */ struct audit_field *fields; struct audit_field *arch_f; /* quick access to arch field */ struct audit_field *inode_f; /* quick access to an inode field */ struct audit_watch *watch; /* associated watch */ struct audit_tree *tree; /* associated watched tree */ struct audit_fsnotify_mark *exe; struct list_head rlist; /* entry in audit_{watch,tree}.rules list */ struct list_head list; /* for AUDIT_LIST* purposes only */ u64 prio; }; /* Flag to indicate legacy AUDIT_LOGINUID unset usage */ #define AUDIT_LOGINUID_LEGACY 0x1 struct audit_field { u32 type; union { u32 val; kuid_t uid; kgid_t gid; struct { char *lsm_str; void *lsm_rule; }; }; u32 op; }; enum audit_ntp_type { AUDIT_NTP_OFFSET, AUDIT_NTP_FREQ, AUDIT_NTP_STATUS, AUDIT_NTP_TAI, AUDIT_NTP_TICK, AUDIT_NTP_ADJUST, AUDIT_NTP_NVALS /* count */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL struct audit_ntp_val { long long oldval, newval; }; struct audit_ntp_data { struct audit_ntp_val vals[AUDIT_NTP_NVALS]; }; #else struct audit_ntp_data {}; #endif enum audit_nfcfgop { AUDIT_XT_OP_REGISTER, AUDIT_XT_OP_REPLACE, AUDIT_XT_OP_UNREGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_TABLE_REGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_TABLE_UNREGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_CHAIN_REGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_CHAIN_UNREGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_RULE_REGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_RULE_UNREGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_SET_REGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_SET_UNREGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_SETELEM_REGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_SETELEM_UNREGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_GEN_REGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_OBJ_REGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_OBJ_UNREGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_OBJ_RESET, AUDIT_NFT_OP_FLOWTABLE_REGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_FLOWTABLE_UNREGISTER, AUDIT_NFT_OP_INVALID, }; extern int is_audit_feature_set(int which); extern int __init audit_register_class(int class, unsigned *list); extern int audit_classify_syscall(int abi, unsigned syscall); extern int audit_classify_arch(int arch); /* only for compat system calls */ extern unsigned compat_write_class[]; extern unsigned compat_read_class[]; extern unsigned compat_dir_class[]; extern unsigned compat_chattr_class[]; extern unsigned compat_signal_class[]; extern int audit_classify_compat_syscall(int abi, unsigned syscall); /* audit_names->type values */ #define AUDIT_TYPE_UNKNOWN 0 /* we don't know yet */ #define AUDIT_TYPE_NORMAL 1 /* a "normal" audit record */ #define AUDIT_TYPE_PARENT 2 /* a parent audit record */ #define AUDIT_TYPE_CHILD_DELETE 3 /* a child being deleted */ #define AUDIT_TYPE_CHILD_CREATE 4 /* a child being created */ /* maximized args number that audit_socketcall can process */ #define AUDITSC_ARGS 6 /* bit values for ->signal->audit_tty */ #define AUDIT_TTY_ENABLE BIT(0) #define AUDIT_TTY_LOG_PASSWD BIT(1) struct filename; #define AUDIT_OFF 0 #define AUDIT_ON 1 #define AUDIT_LOCKED 2 #ifdef CONFIG_AUDIT /* These are defined in audit.c */ /* Public API */ extern __printf(4, 5) void audit_log(struct audit_context *ctx, gfp_t gfp_mask, int type, const char *fmt, ...); extern struct audit_buffer *audit_log_start(struct audit_context *ctx, gfp_t gfp_mask, int type); extern __printf(2, 3) void audit_log_format(struct audit_buffer *ab, const char *fmt, ...); extern void audit_log_end(struct audit_buffer *ab); extern bool audit_string_contains_control(const char *string, size_t len); extern void audit_log_n_hex(struct audit_buffer *ab, const unsigned char *buf, size_t len); extern void audit_log_n_string(struct audit_buffer *ab, const char *buf, size_t n); extern void audit_log_n_untrustedstring(struct audit_buffer *ab, const char *string, size_t n); extern void audit_log_untrustedstring(struct audit_buffer *ab, const char *string); extern void audit_log_d_path(struct audit_buffer *ab, const char *prefix, const struct path *path); extern void audit_log_key(struct audit_buffer *ab, char *key); extern void audit_log_path_denied(int type, const char *operation); extern void audit_log_lost(const char *message); extern int audit_log_task_context(struct audit_buffer *ab); extern void audit_log_task_info(struct audit_buffer *ab); extern int audit_update_lsm_rules(void); /* Private API (for audit.c only) */ extern int audit_rule_change(int type, int seq, void *data, size_t datasz); extern int audit_list_rules_send(struct sk_buff *request_skb, int seq); extern int audit_set_loginuid(kuid_t loginuid); static inline kuid_t audit_get_loginuid(struct task_struct *tsk) { return tsk->loginuid; } static inline unsigned int audit_get_sessionid(struct task_struct *tsk) { return tsk->sessionid; } extern u32 audit_enabled; extern int audit_signal_info(int sig, struct task_struct *t); #else /* CONFIG_AUDIT */ static inline __printf(4, 5) void audit_log(struct audit_context *ctx, gfp_t gfp_mask, int type, const char *fmt, ...) { } static inline struct audit_buffer *audit_log_start(struct audit_context *ctx, gfp_t gfp_mask, int type) { return NULL; } static inline __printf(2, 3) void audit_log_format(struct audit_buffer *ab, const char *fmt, ...) { } static inline void audit_log_end(struct audit_buffer *ab) { } static inline void audit_log_n_hex(struct audit_buffer *ab, const unsigned char *buf, size_t len) { } static inline void audit_log_n_string(struct audit_buffer *ab, const char *buf, size_t n) { } static inline void audit_log_n_untrustedstring(struct audit_buffer *ab, const char *string, size_t n) { } static inline void audit_log_untrustedstring(struct audit_buffer *ab, const char *string) { } static inline void audit_log_d_path(struct audit_buffer *ab, const char *prefix, const struct path *path) { } static inline void audit_log_key(struct audit_buffer *ab, char *key) { } static inline void audit_log_path_denied(int type, const char *operation) { } static inline int audit_log_task_context(struct audit_buffer *ab) { return 0; } static inline void audit_log_task_info(struct audit_buffer *ab) { } static inline kuid_t audit_get_loginuid(struct task_struct *tsk) { return INVALID_UID; } static inline unsigned int audit_get_sessionid(struct task_struct *tsk) { return AUDIT_SID_UNSET; } #define audit_enabled AUDIT_OFF static inline int audit_signal_info(int sig, struct task_struct *t) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_AUDIT */ #ifdef CONFIG_AUDIT_COMPAT_GENERIC #define audit_is_compat(arch) (!((arch) & __AUDIT_ARCH_64BIT)) #else #define audit_is_compat(arch) false #endif #define AUDIT_INODE_PARENT 1 /* dentry represents the parent */ #define AUDIT_INODE_HIDDEN 2 /* audit record should be hidden */ #define AUDIT_INODE_NOEVAL 4 /* audit record incomplete */ #ifdef CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL #include <asm/syscall.h> /* for syscall_get_arch() */ /* These are defined in auditsc.c */ /* Public API */ extern int audit_alloc(struct task_struct *task); extern void __audit_free(struct task_struct *task); extern void __audit_syscall_entry(int major, unsigned long a0, unsigned long a1, unsigned long a2, unsigned long a3); extern void __audit_syscall_exit(int ret_success, long ret_value); extern struct filename *__audit_reusename(const __user char *uptr); extern void __audit_getname(struct filename *name); extern void __audit_getcwd(void); extern void __audit_inode(struct filename *name, const struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags); extern void __audit_file(const struct file *); extern void __audit_inode_child(struct inode *parent, const struct dentry *dentry, const unsigned char type); extern void audit_seccomp(unsigned long syscall, long signr, int code); extern void audit_seccomp_actions_logged(const char *names, const char *old_names, int res); extern void __audit_ptrace(struct task_struct *t); static inline void audit_set_context(struct task_struct *task, struct audit_context *ctx) { task->audit_context = ctx; } static inline struct audit_context *audit_context(void) { return current->audit_context; } static inline bool audit_dummy_context(void) { void *p = audit_context(); return !p || *(int *)p; } static inline void audit_free(struct task_struct *task) { if (unlikely(task->audit_context)) __audit_free(task); } static inline void audit_syscall_entry(int major, unsigned long a0, unsigned long a1, unsigned long a2, unsigned long a3) { if (unlikely(audit_context())) __audit_syscall_entry(major, a0, a1, a2, a3); } static inline void audit_syscall_exit(void *pt_regs) { if (unlikely(audit_context())) { int success = is_syscall_success(pt_regs); long return_code = regs_return_value(pt_regs); __audit_syscall_exit(success, return_code); } } static inline struct filename *audit_reusename(const __user char *name) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) return __audit_reusename(name); return NULL; } static inline void audit_getname(struct filename *name) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_getname(name); } static inline void audit_getcwd(void) { if (unlikely(audit_context())) __audit_getcwd(); } static inline void audit_inode(struct filename *name, const struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int aflags) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_inode(name, dentry, aflags); } static inline void audit_file(struct file *file) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_file(file); } static inline void audit_inode_parent_hidden(struct filename *name, const struct dentry *dentry) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_inode(name, dentry, AUDIT_INODE_PARENT | AUDIT_INODE_HIDDEN); } static inline void audit_inode_child(struct inode *parent, const struct dentry *dentry, const unsigned char type) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_inode_child(parent, dentry, type); } void audit_core_dumps(long signr); static inline void audit_ptrace(struct task_struct *t) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_ptrace(t); } /* Private API (for audit.c only) */ extern void __audit_ipc_obj(struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp); extern void __audit_ipc_set_perm(unsigned long qbytes, uid_t uid, gid_t gid, umode_t mode); extern void __audit_bprm(struct linux_binprm *bprm); extern int __audit_socketcall(int nargs, unsigned long *args); extern int __audit_sockaddr(int len, void *addr); extern void __audit_fd_pair(int fd1, int fd2); extern void __audit_mq_open(int oflag, umode_t mode, struct mq_attr *attr); extern void __audit_mq_sendrecv(mqd_t mqdes, size_t msg_len, unsigned int msg_prio, const struct timespec64 *abs_timeout); extern void __audit_mq_notify(mqd_t mqdes, const struct sigevent *notification); extern void __audit_mq_getsetattr(mqd_t mqdes, struct mq_attr *mqstat); extern int __audit_log_bprm_fcaps(struct linux_binprm *bprm, const struct cred *new, const struct cred *old); extern void __audit_log_capset(const struct cred *new, const struct cred *old); extern void __audit_mmap_fd(int fd, int flags); extern void __audit_log_kern_module(char *name); extern void __audit_fanotify(unsigned int response); extern void __audit_tk_injoffset(struct timespec64 offset); extern void __audit_ntp_log(const struct audit_ntp_data *ad); extern void __audit_log_nfcfg(const char *name, u8 af, unsigned int nentries, enum audit_nfcfgop op, gfp_t gfp); static inline void audit_ipc_obj(struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_ipc_obj(ipcp); } static inline void audit_fd_pair(int fd1, int fd2) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_fd_pair(fd1, fd2); } static inline void audit_ipc_set_perm(unsigned long qbytes, uid_t uid, gid_t gid, umode_t mode) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_ipc_set_perm(qbytes, uid, gid, mode); } static inline void audit_bprm(struct linux_binprm *bprm) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_bprm(bprm); } static inline int audit_socketcall(int nargs, unsigned long *args) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) return __audit_socketcall(nargs, args); return 0; } static inline int audit_socketcall_compat(int nargs, u32 *args) { unsigned long a[AUDITSC_ARGS]; int i; if (audit_dummy_context()) return 0; for (i = 0; i < nargs; i++) a[i] = (unsigned long)args[i]; return __audit_socketcall(nargs, a); } static inline int audit_sockaddr(int len, void *addr) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) return __audit_sockaddr(len, addr); return 0; } static inline void audit_mq_open(int oflag, umode_t mode, struct mq_attr *attr) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_mq_open(oflag, mode, attr); } static inline void audit_mq_sendrecv(mqd_t mqdes, size_t msg_len, unsigned int msg_prio, const struct timespec64 *abs_timeout) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_mq_sendrecv(mqdes, msg_len, msg_prio, abs_timeout); } static inline void audit_mq_notify(mqd_t mqdes, const struct sigevent *notification) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_mq_notify(mqdes, notification); } static inline void audit_mq_getsetattr(mqd_t mqdes, struct mq_attr *mqstat) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_mq_getsetattr(mqdes, mqstat); } static inline int audit_log_bprm_fcaps(struct linux_binprm *bprm, const struct cred *new, const struct cred *old) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) return __audit_log_bprm_fcaps(bprm, new, old); return 0; } static inline void audit_log_capset(const struct cred *new, const struct cred *old) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_log_capset(new, old); } static inline void audit_mmap_fd(int fd, int flags) { if (unlikely(!audit_dummy_context())) __audit_mmap_fd(fd, flags); } static inline void audit_log_kern_module(char *name) { if (!audit_dummy_context()) __audit_log_kern_module(name); } static inline void audit_fanotify(unsigned int response) { if (!audit_dummy_context()) __audit_fanotify(response); } static inline void audit_tk_injoffset(struct timespec64 offset) { /* ignore no-op events */ if (offset.tv_sec == 0 && offset.tv_nsec == 0) return; if (!audit_dummy_context()) __audit_tk_injoffset(offset); } static inline void audit_ntp_init(struct audit_ntp_data *ad) { memset(ad, 0, sizeof(*ad)); } static inline void audit_ntp_set_old(struct audit_ntp_data *ad, enum audit_ntp_type type, long long val) { ad->vals[type].oldval = val; } static inline void audit_ntp_set_new(struct audit_ntp_data *ad, enum audit_ntp_type type, long long val) { ad->vals[type].newval = val; } static inline void audit_ntp_log(const struct audit_ntp_data *ad) { if (!audit_dummy_context()) __audit_ntp_log(ad); } static inline void audit_log_nfcfg(const char *name, u8 af, unsigned int nentries, enum audit_nfcfgop op, gfp_t gfp) { if (audit_enabled) __audit_log_nfcfg(name, af, nentries, op, gfp); } extern int audit_n_rules; extern int audit_signals; #else /* CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL */ static inline int audit_alloc(struct task_struct *task) { return 0; } static inline void audit_free(struct task_struct *task) { } static inline void audit_syscall_entry(int major, unsigned long a0, unsigned long a1, unsigned long a2, unsigned long a3) { } static inline void audit_syscall_exit(void *pt_regs) { } static inline bool audit_dummy_context(void) { return true; } static inline void audit_set_context(struct task_struct *task, struct audit_context *ctx) { } static inline struct audit_context *audit_context(void) { return NULL; } static inline struct filename *audit_reusename(const __user char *name) { return NULL; } static inline void audit_getname(struct filename *name) { } static inline void audit_getcwd(void) { } static inline void audit_inode(struct filename *name, const struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int aflags) { } static inline void audit_file(struct file *file) { } static inline void audit_inode_parent_hidden(struct filename *name, const struct dentry *dentry) { } static inline void audit_inode_child(struct inode *parent, const struct dentry *dentry, const unsigned char type) { } static inline void audit_core_dumps(long signr) { } static inline void audit_seccomp(unsigned long syscall, long signr, int code) { } static inline void audit_seccomp_actions_logged(const char *names, const char *old_names, int res) { } static inline void audit_ipc_obj(struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp) { } static inline void audit_ipc_set_perm(unsigned long qbytes, uid_t uid, gid_t gid, umode_t mode) { } static inline void audit_bprm(struct linux_binprm *bprm) { } static inline int audit_socketcall(int nargs, unsigned long *args) { return 0; } static inline int audit_socketcall_compat(int nargs, u32 *args) { return 0; } static inline void audit_fd_pair(int fd1, int fd2) { } static inline int audit_sockaddr(int len, void *addr) { return 0; } static inline void audit_mq_open(int oflag, umode_t mode, struct mq_attr *attr) { } static inline void audit_mq_sendrecv(mqd_t mqdes, size_t msg_len, unsigned int msg_prio, const struct timespec64 *abs_timeout) { } static inline void audit_mq_notify(mqd_t mqdes, const struct sigevent *notification) { } static inline void audit_mq_getsetattr(mqd_t mqdes, struct mq_attr *mqstat) { } static inline int audit_log_bprm_fcaps(struct linux_binprm *bprm, const struct cred *new, const struct cred *old) { return 0; } static inline void audit_log_capset(const struct cred *new, const struct cred *old) { } static inline void audit_mmap_fd(int fd, int flags) { } static inline void audit_log_kern_module(char *name) { } static inline void audit_fanotify(unsigned int response) { } static inline void audit_tk_injoffset(struct timespec64 offset) { } static inline void audit_ntp_init(struct audit_ntp_data *ad) { } static inline void audit_ntp_set_old(struct audit_ntp_data *ad, enum audit_ntp_type type, long long val) { } static inline void audit_ntp_set_new(struct audit_ntp_data *ad, enum audit_ntp_type type, long long val) { } static inline void audit_ntp_log(const struct audit_ntp_data *ad) { } static inline void audit_ptrace(struct task_struct *t) { } static inline void audit_log_nfcfg(const char *name, u8 af, unsigned int nentries, enum audit_nfcfgop op, gfp_t gfp) { } #define audit_n_rules 0 #define audit_signals 0 #endif /* CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL */ static inline bool audit_loginuid_set(struct task_struct *tsk) { return uid_valid(audit_get_loginuid(tsk)); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Dynamic queue limits (dql) - Definitions * * Copyright (c) 2011, Tom Herbert <therbert@google.com> * * This header file contains the definitions for dynamic queue limits (dql). * dql would be used in conjunction with a producer/consumer type queue * (possibly a HW queue). Such a queue would have these general properties: * * 1) Objects are queued up to some limit specified as number of objects. * 2) Periodically a completion process executes which retires consumed * objects. * 3) Starvation occurs when limit has been reached, all queued data has * actually been consumed, but completion processing has not yet run * so queuing new data is blocked. * 4) Minimizing the amount of queued data is desirable. * * The goal of dql is to calculate the limit as the minimum number of objects * needed to prevent starvation. * * The primary functions of dql are: * dql_queued - called when objects are enqueued to record number of objects * dql_avail - returns how many objects are available to be queued based * on the object limit and how many objects are already enqueued * dql_completed - called at completion time to indicate how many objects * were retired from the queue * * The dql implementation does not implement any locking for the dql data * structures, the higher layer should provide this. dql_queued should * be serialized to prevent concurrent execution of the function; this * is also true for dql_completed. However, dql_queued and dlq_completed can * be executed concurrently (i.e. they can be protected by different locks). */ #ifndef _LINUX_DQL_H #define _LINUX_DQL_H #ifdef __KERNEL__ #include <asm/bug.h> struct dql { /* Fields accessed in enqueue path (dql_queued) */ unsigned int num_queued; /* Total ever queued */ unsigned int adj_limit; /* limit + num_completed */ unsigned int last_obj_cnt; /* Count at last queuing */ /* Fields accessed only by completion path (dql_completed) */ unsigned int limit ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /* Current limit */ unsigned int num_completed; /* Total ever completed */ unsigned int prev_ovlimit; /* Previous over limit */ unsigned int prev_num_queued; /* Previous queue total */ unsigned int prev_last_obj_cnt; /* Previous queuing cnt */ unsigned int lowest_slack; /* Lowest slack found */ unsigned long slack_start_time; /* Time slacks seen */ /* Configuration */ unsigned int max_limit; /* Max limit */ unsigned int min_limit; /* Minimum limit */ unsigned int slack_hold_time; /* Time to measure slack */ }; /* Set some static maximums */ #define DQL_MAX_OBJECT (UINT_MAX / 16) #define DQL_MAX_LIMIT ((UINT_MAX / 2) - DQL_MAX_OBJECT) /* * Record number of objects queued. Assumes that caller has already checked * availability in the queue with dql_avail. */ static inline void dql_queued(struct dql *dql, unsigned int count) { BUG_ON(count > DQL_MAX_OBJECT); dql->last_obj_cnt = count; /* We want to force a write first, so that cpu do not attempt * to get cache line containing last_obj_cnt, num_queued, adj_limit * in Shared state, but directly does a Request For Ownership * It is only a hint, we use barrier() only. */ barrier(); dql->num_queued += count; } /* Returns how many objects can be queued, < 0 indicates over limit. */ static inline int dql_avail(const struct dql *dql) { return READ_ONCE(dql->adj_limit) - READ_ONCE(dql->num_queued); } /* Record number of completed objects and recalculate the limit. */ void dql_completed(struct dql *dql, unsigned int count); /* Reset dql state */ void dql_reset(struct dql *dql); /* Initialize dql state */ void dql_init(struct dql *dql, unsigned int hold_time); #endif /* _KERNEL_ */ #endif /* _LINUX_DQL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 /* * DRBG based on NIST SP800-90A * * Copyright Stephan Mueller <smueller@chronox.de>, 2014 * * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions * are met: * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright * notice, and the entire permission notice in its entirety, * including the disclaimer of warranties. * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright * notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the * documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. * 3. The name of the author may not be used to endorse or promote * products derived from this software without specific prior * written permission. * * ALTERNATIVELY, this product may be distributed under the terms of * the GNU General Public License, in which case the provisions of the GPL are * required INSTEAD OF the above restrictions. (This clause is * necessary due to a potential bad interaction between the GPL and * the restrictions contained in a BSD-style copyright.) * * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED * WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES * OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, ALL OF * WHICH ARE HEREBY DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE * LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR * CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT * OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR * BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT * (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE * USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF NOT ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH * DAMAGE. */ #ifndef _DRBG_H #define _DRBG_H #include <linux/random.h> #include <linux/scatterlist.h> #include <crypto/hash.h> #include <crypto/skcipher.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/crypto.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <crypto/internal/rng.h> #include <crypto/rng.h> #include <linux/fips.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> /* * Concatenation Helper and string operation helper * * SP800-90A requires the concatenation of different data. To avoid copying * buffers around or allocate additional memory, the following data structure * is used to point to the original memory with its size. In addition, it * is used to build a linked list. The linked list defines the concatenation * of individual buffers. The order of memory block referenced in that * linked list determines the order of concatenation. */ struct drbg_string { const unsigned char *buf; size_t len; struct list_head list; }; static inline void drbg_string_fill(struct drbg_string *string, const unsigned char *buf, size_t len) { string->buf = buf; string->len = len; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&string->list); } struct drbg_state; typedef uint32_t drbg_flag_t; struct drbg_core { drbg_flag_t flags; /* flags for the cipher */ __u8 statelen; /* maximum state length */ __u8 blocklen_bytes; /* block size of output in bytes */ char cra_name[CRYPTO_MAX_ALG_NAME]; /* mapping to kernel crypto API */ /* kernel crypto API backend cipher name */ char backend_cra_name[CRYPTO_MAX_ALG_NAME]; }; struct drbg_state_ops { int (*update)(struct drbg_state *drbg, struct list_head *seed, int reseed); int (*generate)(struct drbg_state *drbg, unsigned char *buf, unsigned int buflen, struct list_head *addtl); int (*crypto_init)(struct drbg_state *drbg); int (*crypto_fini)(struct drbg_state *drbg); }; struct drbg_test_data { struct drbg_string *testentropy; /* TEST PARAMETER: test entropy */ }; struct drbg_state { struct mutex drbg_mutex; /* lock around DRBG */ unsigned char *V; /* internal state 10.1.1.1 1a) */ unsigned char *Vbuf; /* hash: static value 10.1.1.1 1b) hmac / ctr: key */ unsigned char *C; unsigned char *Cbuf; /* Number of RNG requests since last reseed -- 10.1.1.1 1c) */ size_t reseed_ctr; size_t reseed_threshold; /* some memory the DRBG can use for its operation */ unsigned char *scratchpad; unsigned char *scratchpadbuf; void *priv_data; /* Cipher handle */ struct crypto_skcipher *ctr_handle; /* CTR mode cipher handle */ struct skcipher_request *ctr_req; /* CTR mode request handle */ __u8 *outscratchpadbuf; /* CTR mode output scratchpad */ __u8 *outscratchpad; /* CTR mode aligned outbuf */ struct crypto_wait ctr_wait; /* CTR mode async wait obj */ struct scatterlist sg_in, sg_out; /* CTR mode SGLs */ bool seeded; /* DRBG fully seeded? */ bool pr; /* Prediction resistance enabled? */ bool fips_primed; /* Continuous test primed? */ unsigned char *prev; /* FIPS 140-2 continuous test value */ struct work_struct seed_work; /* asynchronous seeding support */ struct crypto_rng *jent; const struct drbg_state_ops *d_ops; const struct drbg_core *core; struct drbg_string test_data; struct random_ready_callback random_ready; }; static inline __u8 drbg_statelen(struct drbg_state *drbg) { if (drbg && drbg->core) return drbg->core->statelen; return 0; } static inline __u8 drbg_blocklen(struct drbg_state *drbg) { if (drbg && drbg->core) return drbg->core->blocklen_bytes; return 0; } static inline __u8 drbg_keylen(struct drbg_state *drbg) { if (drbg && drbg->core) return (drbg->core->statelen - drbg->core->blocklen_bytes); return 0; } static inline size_t drbg_max_request_bytes(struct drbg_state *drbg) { /* SP800-90A requires the limit 2**19 bits, but we return bytes */ return (1 << 16); } static inline size_t drbg_max_addtl(struct drbg_state *drbg) { /* SP800-90A requires 2**35 bytes additional info str / pers str */ #if (__BITS_PER_LONG == 32) /* * SP800-90A allows smaller maximum numbers to be returned -- we * return SIZE_MAX - 1 to allow the verification of the enforcement * of this value in drbg_healthcheck_sanity. */ return (SIZE_MAX - 1); #else return (1UL<<35); #endif } static inline size_t drbg_max_requests(struct drbg_state *drbg) { /* SP800-90A requires 2**48 maximum requests before reseeding */ return (1<<20); } /* * This is a wrapper to the kernel crypto API function of * crypto_rng_generate() to allow the caller to provide additional data. * * @drng DRBG handle -- see crypto_rng_get_bytes * @outbuf output buffer -- see crypto_rng_get_bytes * @outlen length of output buffer -- see crypto_rng_get_bytes * @addtl_input additional information string input buffer * @addtllen length of additional information string buffer * * return * see crypto_rng_get_bytes */ static inline int crypto_drbg_get_bytes_addtl(struct crypto_rng *drng, unsigned char *outbuf, unsigned int outlen, struct drbg_string *addtl) { return crypto_rng_generate(drng, addtl->buf, addtl->len, outbuf, outlen); } /* * TEST code * * This is a wrapper to the kernel crypto API function of * crypto_rng_generate() to allow the caller to provide additional data and * allow furnishing of test_data * * @drng DRBG handle -- see crypto_rng_get_bytes * @outbuf output buffer -- see crypto_rng_get_bytes * @outlen length of output buffer -- see crypto_rng_get_bytes * @addtl_input additional information string input buffer * @addtllen length of additional information string buffer * @test_data filled test data * * return * see crypto_rng_get_bytes */ static inline int crypto_drbg_get_bytes_addtl_test(struct crypto_rng *drng, unsigned char *outbuf, unsigned int outlen, struct drbg_string *addtl, struct drbg_test_data *test_data) { crypto_rng_set_entropy(drng, test_data->testentropy->buf, test_data->testentropy->len); return crypto_rng_generate(drng, addtl->buf, addtl->len, outbuf, outlen); } /* * TEST code * * This is a wrapper to the kernel crypto API function of * crypto_rng_reset() to allow the caller to provide test_data * * @drng DRBG handle -- see crypto_rng_reset * @pers personalization string input buffer * @perslen length of additional information string buffer * @test_data filled test data * * return * see crypto_rng_reset */ static inline int crypto_drbg_reset_test(struct crypto_rng *drng, struct drbg_string *pers, struct drbg_test_data *test_data) { crypto_rng_set_entropy(drng, test_data->testentropy->buf, test_data->testentropy->len); return crypto_rng_reset(drng, pers->buf, pers->len); } /* DRBG type flags */ #define DRBG_CTR ((drbg_flag_t)1<<0) #define DRBG_HMAC ((drbg_flag_t)1<<1) #define DRBG_HASH ((drbg_flag_t)1<<2) #define DRBG_TYPE_MASK (DRBG_CTR | DRBG_HMAC | DRBG_HASH) /* DRBG strength flags */ #define DRBG_STRENGTH128 ((drbg_flag_t)1<<3) #define DRBG_STRENGTH192 ((drbg_flag_t)1<<4) #define DRBG_STRENGTH256 ((drbg_flag_t)1<<5) #define DRBG_STRENGTH_MASK (DRBG_STRENGTH128 | DRBG_STRENGTH192 | \ DRBG_STRENGTH256) enum drbg_prefixes { DRBG_PREFIX0 = 0x00, DRBG_PREFIX1, DRBG_PREFIX2, DRBG_PREFIX3 }; #endif /* _DRBG_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 /* * Written by: Matthew Dobson, IBM Corporation * * Copyright (C) 2002, IBM Corp. * * All rights reserved. * * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or * (at your option) any later version. * * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of * MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, GOOD TITLE or * NON INFRINGEMENT. See the GNU General Public License for more * details. * * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software * Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA. * * Send feedback to <colpatch@us.ibm.com> */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_TOPOLOGY_H #define _ASM_X86_TOPOLOGY_H /* * to preserve the visibility of NUMA_NO_NODE definition, * moved to there from here. May be used independent of * CONFIG_NUMA. */ #include <linux/numa.h> #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <asm/mpspec.h> #include <asm/percpu.h> /* Mappings between logical cpu number and node number */ DECLARE_EARLY_PER_CPU(int, x86_cpu_to_node_map); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PER_CPU_MAPS /* * override generic percpu implementation of cpu_to_node */ extern int __cpu_to_node(int cpu); #define cpu_to_node __cpu_to_node extern int early_cpu_to_node(int cpu); #else /* !CONFIG_DEBUG_PER_CPU_MAPS */ /* Same function but used if called before per_cpu areas are setup */ static inline int early_cpu_to_node(int cpu) { return early_per_cpu(x86_cpu_to_node_map, cpu); } #endif /* !CONFIG_DEBUG_PER_CPU_MAPS */ /* Mappings between node number and cpus on that node. */ extern cpumask_var_t node_to_cpumask_map[MAX_NUMNODES]; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PER_CPU_MAPS extern const struct cpumask *cpumask_of_node(int node); #else /* Returns a pointer to the cpumask of CPUs on Node 'node'. */ static inline const struct cpumask *cpumask_of_node(int node) { return node_to_cpumask_map[node]; } #endif extern void setup_node_to_cpumask_map(void); #define pcibus_to_node(bus) __pcibus_to_node(bus) extern int __node_distance(int, int); #define node_distance(a, b) __node_distance(a, b) #else /* !CONFIG_NUMA */ static inline int numa_node_id(void) { return 0; } /* * indicate override: */ #define numa_node_id numa_node_id static inline int early_cpu_to_node(int cpu) { return 0; } static inline void setup_node_to_cpumask_map(void) { } #endif #include <asm-generic/topology.h> extern const struct cpumask *cpu_coregroup_mask(int cpu); #define topology_logical_package_id(cpu) (cpu_data(cpu).logical_proc_id) #define topology_physical_package_id(cpu) (cpu_data(cpu).phys_proc_id) #define topology_logical_die_id(cpu) (cpu_data(cpu).logical_die_id) #define topology_die_id(cpu) (cpu_data(cpu).cpu_die_id) #define topology_core_id(cpu) (cpu_data(cpu).cpu_core_id) extern unsigned int __max_die_per_package; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP #define topology_die_cpumask(cpu) (per_cpu(cpu_die_map, cpu)) #define topology_core_cpumask(cpu) (per_cpu(cpu_core_map, cpu)) #define topology_sibling_cpumask(cpu) (per_cpu(cpu_sibling_map, cpu)) extern unsigned int __max_logical_packages; #define topology_max_packages() (__max_logical_packages) static inline int topology_max_die_per_package(void) { return __max_die_per_package; } extern int __max_smt_threads; static inline int topology_max_smt_threads(void) { return __max_smt_threads; } int topology_update_package_map(unsigned int apicid, unsigned int cpu); int topology_update_die_map(unsigned int dieid, unsigned int cpu); int topology_phys_to_logical_pkg(unsigned int pkg); int topology_phys_to_logical_die(unsigned int die, unsigned int cpu); bool topology_is_primary_thread(unsigned int cpu); bool topology_smt_supported(void); #else #define topology_max_packages() (1) static inline int topology_update_package_map(unsigned int apicid, unsigned int cpu) { return 0; } static inline int topology_update_die_map(unsigned int dieid, unsigned int cpu) { return 0; } static inline int topology_phys_to_logical_pkg(unsigned int pkg) { return 0; } static inline int topology_phys_to_logical_die(unsigned int die, unsigned int cpu) { return 0; } static inline int topology_max_die_per_package(void) { return 1; } static inline int topology_max_smt_threads(void) { return 1; } static inline bool topology_is_primary_thread(unsigned int cpu) { return true; } static inline bool topology_smt_supported(void) { return false; } #endif static inline void arch_fix_phys_package_id(int num, u32 slot) { } struct pci_bus; int x86_pci_root_bus_node(int bus); void x86_pci_root_bus_resources(int bus, struct list_head *resources); extern bool x86_topology_update; #ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_MC_PRIO #include <asm/percpu.h> DECLARE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(int, sched_core_priority); extern unsigned int __read_mostly sysctl_sched_itmt_enabled; /* Interface to set priority of a cpu */ void sched_set_itmt_core_prio(int prio, int core_cpu); /* Interface to notify scheduler that system supports ITMT */ int sched_set_itmt_support(void); /* Interface to notify scheduler that system revokes ITMT support */ void sched_clear_itmt_support(void); #else /* CONFIG_SCHED_MC_PRIO */ #define sysctl_sched_itmt_enabled 0 static inline void sched_set_itmt_core_prio(int prio, int core_cpu) { } static inline int sched_set_itmt_support(void) { return 0; } static inline void sched_clear_itmt_support(void) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SCHED_MC_PRIO */ #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) && defined(CONFIG_X86_64) #include <asm/cpufeature.h> DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(arch_scale_freq_key); #define arch_scale_freq_invariant() static_branch_likely(&arch_scale_freq_key) DECLARE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, arch_freq_scale); static inline long arch_scale_freq_capacity(int cpu) { return per_cpu(arch_freq_scale, cpu); } #define arch_scale_freq_capacity arch_scale_freq_capacity extern void arch_scale_freq_tick(void); #define arch_scale_freq_tick arch_scale_freq_tick extern void arch_set_max_freq_ratio(bool turbo_disabled); #else static inline void arch_set_max_freq_ratio(bool turbo_disabled) { } #endif #endif /* _ASM_X86_TOPOLOGY_H */
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1622 1623 1624 1625 1626 1627 1628 1629 1630 1631 1632 1633 1634 1635 1636 1637 1638 1639 1640 1641 1642 1643 1644 1645 1646 1647 1648 1649 1650 1651 1652 1653 1654 1655 1656 1657 1658 1659 1660 1661 1662 1663 1664 1665 1666 1667 1668 1669 1670 1671 1672 1673 1674 1675 1676 1677 1678 1679 1680 1681 1682 1683 1684 1685 1686 1687 1688 1689 1690 1691 1692 1693 1694 1695 1696 1697 1698 1699 1700 1701 1702 1703 1704 1705 1706 1707 1708 1709 1710 1711 1712 1713 1714 1715 1716 1717 1718 1719 1720 1721 1722 1723 1724 1725 1726 1727 1728 1729 1730 1731 1732 1733 1734 1735 1736 1737 1738 1739 1740 1741 1742 1743 1744 1745 1746 1747 1748 1749 1750 1751 1752 1753 1754 1755 1756 1757 1758 1759 1760 1761 1762 1763 1764 1765 1766 1767 1768 1769 1770 1771 1772 1773 1774 1775 1776 1777 1778 1779 1780 1781 1782 1783 1784 1785 1786 1787 1788 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * linux/include/linux/jbd2.h * * Written by Stephen C. Tweedie <sct@redhat.com> * * Copyright 1998-2000 Red Hat, Inc --- All Rights Reserved * * Definitions for transaction data structures for the buffer cache * filesystem journaling support. */ #ifndef _LINUX_JBD2_H #define _LINUX_JBD2_H /* Allow this file to be included directly into e2fsprogs */ #ifndef __KERNEL__ #include "jfs_compat.h" #define JBD2_DEBUG #else #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/buffer_head.h> #include <linux/journal-head.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/timer.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/bit_spinlock.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <crypto/hash.h> #endif #define journal_oom_retry 1 /* * Define JBD2_PARANIOD_IOFAIL to cause a kernel BUG() if ext4 finds * certain classes of error which can occur due to failed IOs. Under * normal use we want ext4 to continue after such errors, because * hardware _can_ fail, but for debugging purposes when running tests on * known-good hardware we may want to trap these errors. */ #undef JBD2_PARANOID_IOFAIL /* * The default maximum commit age, in seconds. */ #define JBD2_DEFAULT_MAX_COMMIT_AGE 5 #ifdef CONFIG_JBD2_DEBUG /* * Define JBD2_EXPENSIVE_CHECKING to enable more expensive internal * consistency checks. By default we don't do this unless * CONFIG_JBD2_DEBUG is on. */ #define JBD2_EXPENSIVE_CHECKING extern ushort jbd2_journal_enable_debug; void __jbd2_debug(int level, const char *file, const char *func, unsigned int line, const char *fmt, ...); #define jbd_debug(n, fmt, a...) \ __jbd2_debug((n), __FILE__, __func__, __LINE__, (fmt), ##a) #else #define jbd_debug(n, fmt, a...) /**/ #endif extern void *jbd2_alloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags); extern void jbd2_free(void *ptr, size_t size); #define JBD2_MIN_JOURNAL_BLOCKS 1024 #define JBD2_MIN_FC_BLOCKS 256 #ifdef __KERNEL__ /** * typedef handle_t - The handle_t type represents a single atomic update being performed by some process. * * All filesystem modifications made by the process go * through this handle. Recursive operations (such as quota operations) * are gathered into a single update. * * The buffer credits field is used to account for journaled buffers * being modified by the running process. To ensure that there is * enough log space for all outstanding operations, we need to limit the * number of outstanding buffers possible at any time. When the * operation completes, any buffer credits not used are credited back to * the transaction, so that at all times we know how many buffers the * outstanding updates on a transaction might possibly touch. * * This is an opaque datatype. **/ typedef struct jbd2_journal_handle handle_t; /* Atomic operation type */ /** * typedef journal_t - The journal_t maintains all of the journaling state information for a single filesystem. * * journal_t is linked to from the fs superblock structure. * * We use the journal_t to keep track of all outstanding transaction * activity on the filesystem, and to manage the state of the log * writing process. * * This is an opaque datatype. **/ typedef struct journal_s journal_t; /* Journal control structure */ #endif /* * Internal structures used by the logging mechanism: */ #define JBD2_MAGIC_NUMBER 0xc03b3998U /* The first 4 bytes of /dev/random! */ /* * On-disk structures */ /* * Descriptor block types: */ #define JBD2_DESCRIPTOR_BLOCK 1 #define JBD2_COMMIT_BLOCK 2 #define JBD2_SUPERBLOCK_V1 3 #define JBD2_SUPERBLOCK_V2 4 #define JBD2_REVOKE_BLOCK 5 /* * Standard header for all descriptor blocks: */ typedef struct journal_header_s { __be32 h_magic; __be32 h_blocktype; __be32 h_sequence; } journal_header_t; /* * Checksum types. */ #define JBD2_CRC32_CHKSUM 1 #define JBD2_MD5_CHKSUM 2 #define JBD2_SHA1_CHKSUM 3 #define JBD2_CRC32C_CHKSUM 4 #define JBD2_CRC32_CHKSUM_SIZE 4 #define JBD2_CHECKSUM_BYTES (32 / sizeof(u32)) /* * Commit block header for storing transactional checksums: * * NOTE: If FEATURE_COMPAT_CHECKSUM (checksum v1) is set, the h_chksum* * fields are used to store a checksum of the descriptor and data blocks. * * If FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V2 (checksum v2) is set, then the h_chksum * field is used to store crc32c(uuid+commit_block). Each journal metadata * block gets its own checksum, and data block checksums are stored in * journal_block_tag (in the descriptor). The other h_chksum* fields are * not used. * * If FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V3 is set, the descriptor block uses * journal_block_tag3_t to store a full 32-bit checksum. Everything else * is the same as v2. * * Checksum v1, v2, and v3 are mutually exclusive features. */ struct commit_header { __be32 h_magic; __be32 h_blocktype; __be32 h_sequence; unsigned char h_chksum_type; unsigned char h_chksum_size; unsigned char h_padding[2]; __be32 h_chksum[JBD2_CHECKSUM_BYTES]; __be64 h_commit_sec; __be32 h_commit_nsec; }; /* * The block tag: used to describe a single buffer in the journal. * t_blocknr_high is only used if INCOMPAT_64BIT is set, so this * raw struct shouldn't be used for pointer math or sizeof() - use * journal_tag_bytes(journal) instead to compute this. */ typedef struct journal_block_tag3_s { __be32 t_blocknr; /* The on-disk block number */ __be32 t_flags; /* See below */ __be32 t_blocknr_high; /* most-significant high 32bits. */ __be32 t_checksum; /* crc32c(uuid+seq+block) */ } journal_block_tag3_t; typedef struct journal_block_tag_s { __be32 t_blocknr; /* The on-disk block number */ __be16 t_checksum; /* truncated crc32c(uuid+seq+block) */ __be16 t_flags; /* See below */ __be32 t_blocknr_high; /* most-significant high 32bits. */ } journal_block_tag_t; /* Tail of descriptor or revoke block, for checksumming */ struct jbd2_journal_block_tail { __be32 t_checksum; /* crc32c(uuid+descr_block) */ }; /* * The revoke descriptor: used on disk to describe a series of blocks to * be revoked from the log */ typedef struct jbd2_journal_revoke_header_s { journal_header_t r_header; __be32 r_count; /* Count of bytes used in the block */ } jbd2_journal_revoke_header_t; /* Definitions for the journal tag flags word: */ #define JBD2_FLAG_ESCAPE 1 /* on-disk block is escaped */ #define JBD2_FLAG_SAME_UUID 2 /* block has same uuid as previous */ #define JBD2_FLAG_DELETED 4 /* block deleted by this transaction */ #define JBD2_FLAG_LAST_TAG 8 /* last tag in this descriptor block */ /* * The journal superblock. All fields are in big-endian byte order. */ typedef struct journal_superblock_s { /* 0x0000 */ journal_header_t s_header; /* 0x000C */ /* Static information describing the journal */ __be32 s_blocksize; /* journal device blocksize */ __be32 s_maxlen; /* total blocks in journal file */ __be32 s_first; /* first block of log information */ /* 0x0018 */ /* Dynamic information describing the current state of the log */ __be32 s_sequence; /* first commit ID expected in log */ __be32 s_start; /* blocknr of start of log */ /* 0x0020 */ /* Error value, as set by jbd2_journal_abort(). */ __be32 s_errno; /* 0x0024 */ /* Remaining fields are only valid in a version-2 superblock */ __be32 s_feature_compat; /* compatible feature set */ __be32 s_feature_incompat; /* incompatible feature set */ __be32 s_feature_ro_compat; /* readonly-compatible feature set */ /* 0x0030 */ __u8 s_uuid[16]; /* 128-bit uuid for journal */ /* 0x0040 */ __be32 s_nr_users; /* Nr of filesystems sharing log */ __be32 s_dynsuper; /* Blocknr of dynamic superblock copy*/ /* 0x0048 */ __be32 s_max_transaction; /* Limit of journal blocks per trans.*/ __be32 s_max_trans_data; /* Limit of data blocks per trans. */ /* 0x0050 */ __u8 s_checksum_type; /* checksum type */ __u8 s_padding2[3]; /* 0x0054 */ __be32 s_num_fc_blks; /* Number of fast commit blocks */ /* 0x0058 */ __u32 s_padding[41]; __be32 s_checksum; /* crc32c(superblock) */ /* 0x0100 */ __u8 s_users[16*48]; /* ids of all fs'es sharing the log */ /* 0x0400 */ } journal_superblock_t; /* Use the jbd2_{has,set,clear}_feature_* helpers; these will be removed */ #define JBD2_HAS_COMPAT_FEATURE(j,mask) \ ((j)->j_format_version >= 2 && \ ((j)->j_superblock->s_feature_compat & cpu_to_be32((mask)))) #define JBD2_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(j,mask) \ ((j)->j_format_version >= 2 && \ ((j)->j_superblock->s_feature_ro_compat & cpu_to_be32((mask)))) #define JBD2_HAS_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(j,mask) \ ((j)->j_format_version >= 2 && \ ((j)->j_superblock->s_feature_incompat & cpu_to_be32((mask)))) #define JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_CHECKSUM 0x00000001 #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_REVOKE 0x00000001 #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_64BIT 0x00000002 #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_ASYNC_COMMIT 0x00000004 #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V2 0x00000008 #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V3 0x00000010 #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FAST_COMMIT 0x00000020 /* See "journal feature predicate functions" below */ /* Features known to this kernel version: */ #define JBD2_KNOWN_COMPAT_FEATURES JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_CHECKSUM #define JBD2_KNOWN_ROCOMPAT_FEATURES 0 #define JBD2_KNOWN_INCOMPAT_FEATURES (JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_REVOKE | \ JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_64BIT | \ JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_ASYNC_COMMIT | \ JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V2 | \ JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V3 | \ JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FAST_COMMIT) #ifdef __KERNEL__ #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/sched.h> enum jbd_state_bits { BH_JBD /* Has an attached ext3 journal_head */ = BH_PrivateStart, BH_JWrite, /* Being written to log (@@@ DEBUGGING) */ BH_Freed, /* Has been freed (truncated) */ BH_Revoked, /* Has been revoked from the log */ BH_RevokeValid, /* Revoked flag is valid */ BH_JBDDirty, /* Is dirty but journaled */ BH_JournalHead, /* Pins bh->b_private and jh->b_bh */ BH_Shadow, /* IO on shadow buffer is running */ BH_Verified, /* Metadata block has been verified ok */ BH_JBDPrivateStart, /* First bit available for private use by FS */ }; BUFFER_FNS(JBD, jbd) BUFFER_FNS(JWrite, jwrite) BUFFER_FNS(JBDDirty, jbddirty) TAS_BUFFER_FNS(JBDDirty, jbddirty) BUFFER_FNS(Revoked, revoked) TAS_BUFFER_FNS(Revoked, revoked) BUFFER_FNS(RevokeValid, revokevalid) TAS_BUFFER_FNS(RevokeValid, revokevalid) BUFFER_FNS(Freed, freed) BUFFER_FNS(Shadow, shadow) BUFFER_FNS(Verified, verified) static inline struct buffer_head *jh2bh(struct journal_head *jh) { return jh->b_bh; } static inline struct journal_head *bh2jh(struct buffer_head *bh) { return bh->b_private; } static inline void jbd_lock_bh_journal_head(struct buffer_head *bh) { bit_spin_lock(BH_JournalHead, &bh->b_state); } static inline void jbd_unlock_bh_journal_head(struct buffer_head *bh) { bit_spin_unlock(BH_JournalHead, &bh->b_state); } #define J_ASSERT(assert) BUG_ON(!(assert)) #define J_ASSERT_BH(bh, expr) J_ASSERT(expr) #define J_ASSERT_JH(jh, expr) J_ASSERT(expr) #if defined(JBD2_PARANOID_IOFAIL) #define J_EXPECT(expr, why...) J_ASSERT(expr) #define J_EXPECT_BH(bh, expr, why...) J_ASSERT_BH(bh, expr) #define J_EXPECT_JH(jh, expr, why...) J_ASSERT_JH(jh, expr) #else #define __journal_expect(expr, why...) \ ({ \ int val = (expr); \ if (!val) { \ printk(KERN_ERR \ "JBD2 unexpected failure: %s: %s;\n", \ __func__, #expr); \ printk(KERN_ERR why "\n"); \ } \ val; \ }) #define J_EXPECT(expr, why...) __journal_expect(expr, ## why) #define J_EXPECT_BH(bh, expr, why...) __journal_expect(expr, ## why) #define J_EXPECT_JH(jh, expr, why...) __journal_expect(expr, ## why) #endif /* Flags in jbd_inode->i_flags */ #define __JI_COMMIT_RUNNING 0 #define __JI_WRITE_DATA 1 #define __JI_WAIT_DATA 2 /* * Commit of the inode data in progress. We use this flag to protect us from * concurrent deletion of inode. We cannot use reference to inode for this * since we cannot afford doing last iput() on behalf of kjournald */ #define JI_COMMIT_RUNNING (1 << __JI_COMMIT_RUNNING) /* Write allocated dirty buffers in this inode before commit */ #define JI_WRITE_DATA (1 << __JI_WRITE_DATA) /* Wait for outstanding data writes for this inode before commit */ #define JI_WAIT_DATA (1 << __JI_WAIT_DATA) /** * struct jbd2_inode - The jbd_inode type is the structure linking inodes in * ordered mode present in a transaction so that we can sync them during commit. */ struct jbd2_inode { /** * @i_transaction: * * Which transaction does this inode belong to? Either the running * transaction or the committing one. [j_list_lock] */ transaction_t *i_transaction; /** * @i_next_transaction: * * Pointer to the running transaction modifying inode's data in case * there is already a committing transaction touching it. [j_list_lock] */ transaction_t *i_next_transaction; /** * @i_list: List of inodes in the i_transaction [j_list_lock] */ struct list_head i_list; /** * @i_vfs_inode: * * VFS inode this inode belongs to [constant for lifetime of structure] */ struct inode *i_vfs_inode; /** * @i_flags: Flags of inode [j_list_lock] */ unsigned long i_flags; /** * @i_dirty_start: * * Offset in bytes where the dirty range for this inode starts. * [j_list_lock] */ loff_t i_dirty_start; /** * @i_dirty_end: * * Inclusive offset in bytes where the dirty range for this inode * ends. [j_list_lock] */ loff_t i_dirty_end; }; struct jbd2_revoke_table_s; /** * struct jbd2_journal_handle - The jbd2_journal_handle type is the concrete * type associated with handle_t. * @h_transaction: Which compound transaction is this update a part of? * @h_journal: Which journal handle belongs to - used iff h_reserved set. * @h_rsv_handle: Handle reserved for finishing the logical operation. * @h_total_credits: Number of remaining buffers we are allowed to add to * journal. These are dirty buffers and revoke descriptor blocks. * @h_revoke_credits: Number of remaining revoke records available for handle * @h_ref: Reference count on this handle. * @h_err: Field for caller's use to track errors through large fs operations. * @h_sync: Flag for sync-on-close. * @h_jdata: Flag to force data journaling. * @h_reserved: Flag for handle for reserved credits. * @h_aborted: Flag indicating fatal error on handle. * @h_type: For handle statistics. * @h_line_no: For handle statistics. * @h_start_jiffies: Handle Start time. * @h_requested_credits: Holds @h_total_credits after handle is started. * @h_revoke_credits_requested: Holds @h_revoke_credits after handle is started. * @saved_alloc_context: Saved context while transaction is open. **/ /* Docbook can't yet cope with the bit fields, but will leave the documentation * in so it can be fixed later. */ struct jbd2_journal_handle { union { transaction_t *h_transaction; /* Which journal handle belongs to - used iff h_reserved set */ journal_t *h_journal; }; handle_t *h_rsv_handle; int h_total_credits; int h_revoke_credits; int h_revoke_credits_requested; int h_ref; int h_err; /* Flags [no locking] */ unsigned int h_sync: 1; unsigned int h_jdata: 1; unsigned int h_reserved: 1; unsigned int h_aborted: 1; unsigned int h_type: 8; unsigned int h_line_no: 16; unsigned long h_start_jiffies; unsigned int h_requested_credits; unsigned int saved_alloc_context; }; /* * Some stats for checkpoint phase */ struct transaction_chp_stats_s { unsigned long cs_chp_time; __u32 cs_forced_to_close; __u32 cs_written; __u32 cs_dropped; }; /* The transaction_t type is the guts of the journaling mechanism. It * tracks a compound transaction through its various states: * * RUNNING: accepting new updates * LOCKED: Updates still running but we don't accept new ones * RUNDOWN: Updates are tidying up but have finished requesting * new buffers to modify (state not used for now) * FLUSH: All updates complete, but we are still writing to disk * COMMIT: All data on disk, writing commit record * FINISHED: We still have to keep the transaction for checkpointing. * * The transaction keeps track of all of the buffers modified by a * running transaction, and all of the buffers committed but not yet * flushed to home for finished transactions. */ /* * Lock ranking: * * j_list_lock * ->jbd_lock_bh_journal_head() (This is "innermost") * * j_state_lock * ->b_state_lock * * b_state_lock * ->j_list_lock * * j_state_lock * ->t_handle_lock * * j_state_lock * ->j_list_lock (journal_unmap_buffer) * */ struct transaction_s { /* Pointer to the journal for this transaction. [no locking] */ journal_t *t_journal; /* Sequence number for this transaction [no locking] */ tid_t t_tid; /* * Transaction's current state * [no locking - only kjournald2 alters this] * [j_list_lock] guards transition of a transaction into T_FINISHED * state and subsequent call of __jbd2_journal_drop_transaction() * FIXME: needs barriers * KLUDGE: [use j_state_lock] */ enum { T_RUNNING, T_LOCKED, T_SWITCH, T_FLUSH, T_COMMIT, T_COMMIT_DFLUSH, T_COMMIT_JFLUSH, T_COMMIT_CALLBACK, T_FINISHED } t_state; /* * Where in the log does this transaction's commit start? [no locking] */ unsigned long t_log_start; /* Number of buffers on the t_buffers list [j_list_lock] */ int t_nr_buffers; /* * Doubly-linked circular list of all buffers reserved but not yet * modified by this transaction [j_list_lock] */ struct journal_head *t_reserved_list; /* * Doubly-linked circular list of all metadata buffers owned by this * transaction [j_list_lock] */ struct journal_head *t_buffers; /* * Doubly-linked circular list of all forget buffers (superseded * buffers which we can un-checkpoint once this transaction commits) * [j_list_lock] */ struct journal_head *t_forget; /* * Doubly-linked circular list of all buffers still to be flushed before * this transaction can be checkpointed. [j_list_lock] */ struct journal_head *t_checkpoint_list; /* * Doubly-linked circular list of all buffers submitted for IO while * checkpointing. [j_list_lock] */ struct journal_head *t_checkpoint_io_list; /* * Doubly-linked circular list of metadata buffers being shadowed by log * IO. The IO buffers on the iobuf list and the shadow buffers on this * list match each other one for one at all times. [j_list_lock] */ struct journal_head *t_shadow_list; /* * List of inodes associated with the transaction; e.g., ext4 uses * this to track inodes in data=ordered and data=journal mode that * need special handling on transaction commit; also used by ocfs2. * [j_list_lock] */ struct list_head t_inode_list; /* * Protects info related to handles */ spinlock_t t_handle_lock; /* * Longest time some handle had to wait for running transaction */ unsigned long t_max_wait; /* * When transaction started */ unsigned long t_start; /* * When commit was requested */ unsigned long t_requested; /* * Checkpointing stats [j_checkpoint_sem] */ struct transaction_chp_stats_s t_chp_stats; /* * Number of outstanding updates running on this transaction * [none] */ atomic_t t_updates; /* * Number of blocks reserved for this transaction in the journal. * This is including all credits reserved when starting transaction * handles as well as all journal descriptor blocks needed for this * transaction. [none] */ atomic_t t_outstanding_credits; /* * Number of revoke records for this transaction added by already * stopped handles. [none] */ atomic_t t_outstanding_revokes; /* * How many handles used this transaction? [none] */ atomic_t t_handle_count; /* * Forward and backward links for the circular list of all transactions * awaiting checkpoint. [j_list_lock] */ transaction_t *t_cpnext, *t_cpprev; /* * When will the transaction expire (become due for commit), in jiffies? * [no locking] */ unsigned long t_expires; /* * When this transaction started, in nanoseconds [no locking] */ ktime_t t_start_time; /* * This transaction is being forced and some process is * waiting for it to finish. */ unsigned int t_synchronous_commit:1; /* Disk flush needs to be sent to fs partition [no locking] */ int t_need_data_flush; /* * For use by the filesystem to store fs-specific data * structures associated with the transaction */ struct list_head t_private_list; }; struct transaction_run_stats_s { unsigned long rs_wait; unsigned long rs_request_delay; unsigned long rs_running; unsigned long rs_locked; unsigned long rs_flushing; unsigned long rs_logging; __u32 rs_handle_count; __u32 rs_blocks; __u32 rs_blocks_logged; }; struct transaction_stats_s { unsigned long ts_tid; unsigned long ts_requested; struct transaction_run_stats_s run; }; static inline unsigned long jbd2_time_diff(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { if (end >= start) return end - start; return end + (MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET - start); } #define JBD2_NR_BATCH 64 enum passtype {PASS_SCAN, PASS_REVOKE, PASS_REPLAY}; #define JBD2_FC_REPLAY_STOP 0 #define JBD2_FC_REPLAY_CONTINUE 1 /** * struct journal_s - The journal_s type is the concrete type associated with * journal_t. */ struct journal_s { /** * @j_flags: General journaling state flags [j_state_lock] */ unsigned long j_flags; /** * @j_errno: * * Is there an outstanding uncleared error on the journal (from a prior * abort)? [j_state_lock] */ int j_errno; /** * @j_abort_mutex: Lock the whole aborting procedure. */ struct mutex j_abort_mutex; /** * @j_sb_buffer: The first part of the superblock buffer. */ struct buffer_head *j_sb_buffer; /** * @j_superblock: The second part of the superblock buffer. */ journal_superblock_t *j_superblock; /** * @j_format_version: Version of the superblock format. */ int j_format_version; /** * @j_state_lock: Protect the various scalars in the journal. */ rwlock_t j_state_lock; /** * @j_barrier_count: * * Number of processes waiting to create a barrier lock [j_state_lock] */ int j_barrier_count; /** * @j_barrier: The barrier lock itself. */ struct mutex j_barrier; /** * @j_running_transaction: * * Transactions: The current running transaction... * [j_state_lock] [caller holding open handle] */ transaction_t *j_running_transaction; /** * @j_committing_transaction: * * the transaction we are pushing to disk * [j_state_lock] [caller holding open handle] */ transaction_t *j_committing_transaction; /** * @j_checkpoint_transactions: * * ... and a linked circular list of all transactions waiting for * checkpointing. [j_list_lock] */ transaction_t *j_checkpoint_transactions; /** * @j_wait_transaction_locked: * * Wait queue for waiting for a locked transaction to start committing, * or for a barrier lock to be released. */ wait_queue_head_t j_wait_transaction_locked; /** * @j_wait_done_commit: Wait queue for waiting for commit to complete. */ wait_queue_head_t j_wait_done_commit; /** * @j_wait_commit: Wait queue to trigger commit. */ wait_queue_head_t j_wait_commit; /** * @j_wait_updates: Wait queue to wait for updates to complete. */ wait_queue_head_t j_wait_updates; /** * @j_wait_reserved: * * Wait queue to wait for reserved buffer credits to drop. */ wait_queue_head_t j_wait_reserved; /** * @j_fc_wait: * * Wait queue to wait for completion of async fast commits. */ wait_queue_head_t j_fc_wait; /** * @j_checkpoint_mutex: * * Semaphore for locking against concurrent checkpoints. */ struct mutex j_checkpoint_mutex; /** * @j_chkpt_bhs: * * List of buffer heads used by the checkpoint routine. This * was moved from jbd2_log_do_checkpoint() to reduce stack * usage. Access to this array is controlled by the * @j_checkpoint_mutex. [j_checkpoint_mutex] */ struct buffer_head *j_chkpt_bhs[JBD2_NR_BATCH]; /** * @j_head: * * Journal head: identifies the first unused block in the journal. * [j_state_lock] */ unsigned long j_head; /** * @j_tail: * * Journal tail: identifies the oldest still-used block in the journal. * [j_state_lock] */ unsigned long j_tail; /** * @j_free: * * Journal free: how many free blocks are there in the journal? * [j_state_lock] */ unsigned long j_free; /** * @j_first: * * The block number of the first usable block in the journal * [j_state_lock]. */ unsigned long j_first; /** * @j_last: * * The block number one beyond the last usable block in the journal * [j_state_lock]. */ unsigned long j_last; /** * @j_fc_first: * * The block number of the first fast commit block in the journal * [j_state_lock]. */ unsigned long j_fc_first; /** * @j_fc_off: * * Number of fast commit blocks currently allocated. Accessed only * during fast commit. Currently only process can do fast commit, so * this field is not protected by any lock. */ unsigned long j_fc_off; /** * @j_fc_last: * * The block number one beyond the last fast commit block in the journal * [j_state_lock]. */ unsigned long j_fc_last; /** * @j_dev: Device where we store the journal. */ struct block_device *j_dev; /** * @j_blocksize: Block size for the location where we store the journal. */ int j_blocksize; /** * @j_blk_offset: * * Starting block offset into the device where we store the journal. */ unsigned long long j_blk_offset; /** * @j_devname: Journal device name. */ char j_devname[BDEVNAME_SIZE+24]; /** * @j_fs_dev: * * Device which holds the client fs. For internal journal this will be * equal to j_dev. */ struct block_device *j_fs_dev; /** * @j_total_len: Total maximum capacity of the journal region on disk. */ unsigned int j_total_len; /** * @j_reserved_credits: * * Number of buffers reserved from the running transaction. */ atomic_t j_reserved_credits; /** * @j_list_lock: Protects the buffer lists and internal buffer state. */ spinlock_t j_list_lock; /** * @j_inode: * * Optional inode where we store the journal. If present, all * journal block numbers are mapped into this inode via bmap(). */ struct inode *j_inode; /** * @j_tail_sequence: * * Sequence number of the oldest transaction in the log [j_state_lock] */ tid_t j_tail_sequence; /** * @j_transaction_sequence: * * Sequence number of the next transaction to grant [j_state_lock] */ tid_t j_transaction_sequence; /** * @j_commit_sequence: * * Sequence number of the most recently committed transaction * [j_state_lock]. */ tid_t j_commit_sequence; /** * @j_commit_request: * * Sequence number of the most recent transaction wanting commit * [j_state_lock] */ tid_t j_commit_request; /** * @j_uuid: * * Journal uuid: identifies the object (filesystem, LVM volume etc) * backed by this journal. This will eventually be replaced by an array * of uuids, allowing us to index multiple devices within a single * journal and to perform atomic updates across them. */ __u8 j_uuid[16]; /** * @j_task: Pointer to the current commit thread for this journal. */ struct task_struct *j_task; /** * @j_max_transaction_buffers: * * Maximum number of metadata buffers to allow in a single compound * commit transaction. */ int j_max_transaction_buffers; /** * @j_revoke_records_per_block: * * Number of revoke records that fit in one descriptor block. */ int j_revoke_records_per_block; /** * @j_commit_interval: * * What is the maximum transaction lifetime before we begin a commit? */ unsigned long j_commit_interval; /** * @j_commit_timer: The timer used to wakeup the commit thread. */ struct timer_list j_commit_timer; /** * @j_revoke_lock: Protect the revoke table. */ spinlock_t j_revoke_lock; /** * @j_revoke: * * The revoke table - maintains the list of revoked blocks in the * current transaction. */ struct jbd2_revoke_table_s *j_revoke; /** * @j_revoke_table: Alternate revoke tables for j_revoke. */ struct jbd2_revoke_table_s *j_revoke_table[2]; /** * @j_wbuf: Array of bhs for jbd2_journal_commit_transaction. */ struct buffer_head **j_wbuf; /** * @j_fc_wbuf: Array of fast commit bhs for fast commit. Accessed only * during a fast commit. Currently only process can do fast commit, so * this field is not protected by any lock. */ struct buffer_head **j_fc_wbuf; /** * @j_wbufsize: * * Size of @j_wbuf array. */ int j_wbufsize; /** * @j_fc_wbufsize: * * Size of @j_fc_wbuf array. */ int j_fc_wbufsize; /** * @j_last_sync_writer: * * The pid of the last person to run a synchronous operation * through the journal. */ pid_t j_last_sync_writer; /** * @j_average_commit_time: * * The average amount of time in nanoseconds it takes to commit a * transaction to disk. [j_state_lock] */ u64 j_average_commit_time; /** * @j_min_batch_time: * * Minimum time that we should wait for additional filesystem operations * to get batched into a synchronous handle in microseconds. */ u32 j_min_batch_time; /** * @j_max_batch_time: * * Maximum time that we should wait for additional filesystem operations * to get batched into a synchronous handle in microseconds. */ u32 j_max_batch_time; /** * @j_commit_callback: * * This function is called when a transaction is closed. */ void (*j_commit_callback)(journal_t *, transaction_t *); /** * @j_submit_inode_data_buffers: * * This function is called for all inodes associated with the * committing transaction marked with JI_WRITE_DATA flag * before we start to write out the transaction to the journal. */ int (*j_submit_inode_data_buffers) (struct jbd2_inode *); /** * @j_finish_inode_data_buffers: * * This function is called for all inodes associated with the * committing transaction marked with JI_WAIT_DATA flag * after we have written the transaction to the journal * but before we write out the commit block. */ int (*j_finish_inode_data_buffers) (struct jbd2_inode *); /* * Journal statistics */ /** * @j_history_lock: Protect the transactions statistics history. */ spinlock_t j_history_lock; /** * @j_proc_entry: procfs entry for the jbd statistics directory. */ struct proc_dir_entry *j_proc_entry; /** * @j_stats: Overall statistics. */ struct transaction_stats_s j_stats; /** * @j_failed_commit: Failed journal commit ID. */ unsigned int j_failed_commit; /** * @j_private: * * An opaque pointer to fs-private information. ext3 puts its * superblock pointer here. */ void *j_private; /** * @j_chksum_driver: * * Reference to checksum algorithm driver via cryptoapi. */ struct crypto_shash *j_chksum_driver; /** * @j_csum_seed: * * Precomputed journal UUID checksum for seeding other checksums. */ __u32 j_csum_seed; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC /** * @j_trans_commit_map: * * Lockdep entity to track transaction commit dependencies. Handles * hold this "lock" for read, when we wait for commit, we acquire the * "lock" for writing. This matches the properties of jbd2 journalling * where the running transaction has to wait for all handles to be * dropped to commit that transaction and also acquiring a handle may * require transaction commit to finish. */ struct lockdep_map j_trans_commit_map; #endif /** * @j_fc_cleanup_callback: * * Clean-up after fast commit or full commit. JBD2 calls this function * after every commit operation. */ void (*j_fc_cleanup_callback)(struct journal_s *journal, int); /** * @j_fc_replay_callback: * * File-system specific function that performs replay of a fast * commit. JBD2 calls this function for each fast commit block found in * the journal. This function should return JBD2_FC_REPLAY_CONTINUE * to indicate that the block was processed correctly and more fast * commit replay should continue. Return value of JBD2_FC_REPLAY_STOP * indicates the end of replay (no more blocks remaining). A negative * return value indicates error. */ int (*j_fc_replay_callback)(struct journal_s *journal, struct buffer_head *bh, enum passtype pass, int off, tid_t expected_commit_id); }; #define jbd2_might_wait_for_commit(j) \ do { \ rwsem_acquire(&j->j_trans_commit_map, 0, 0, _THIS_IP_); \ rwsem_release(&j->j_trans_commit_map, _THIS_IP_); \ } while (0) /* journal feature predicate functions */ #define JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(name, flagname) \ static inline bool jbd2_has_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ return ((j)->j_format_version >= 2 && \ ((j)->j_superblock->s_feature_compat & \ cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_##flagname)) != 0); \ } \ static inline void jbd2_set_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ (j)->j_superblock->s_feature_compat |= \ cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } \ static inline void jbd2_clear_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ (j)->j_superblock->s_feature_compat &= \ ~cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } #define JBD2_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(name, flagname) \ static inline bool jbd2_has_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ return ((j)->j_format_version >= 2 && \ ((j)->j_superblock->s_feature_ro_compat & \ cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_##flagname)) != 0); \ } \ static inline void jbd2_set_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ (j)->j_superblock->s_feature_ro_compat |= \ cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } \ static inline void jbd2_clear_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ (j)->j_superblock->s_feature_ro_compat &= \ ~cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(name, flagname) \ static inline bool jbd2_has_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ return ((j)->j_format_version >= 2 && \ ((j)->j_superblock->s_feature_incompat & \ cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_##flagname)) != 0); \ } \ static inline void jbd2_set_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ (j)->j_superblock->s_feature_incompat |= \ cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_##flagname); \ } \ static inline void jbd2_clear_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ (j)->j_superblock->s_feature_incompat &= \ ~cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_##flagname); \ } JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(checksum, CHECKSUM) JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(revoke, REVOKE) JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(64bit, 64BIT) JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(async_commit, ASYNC_COMMIT) JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(csum2, CSUM_V2) JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(csum3, CSUM_V3) JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(fast_commit, FAST_COMMIT) /* * Journal flag definitions */ #define JBD2_UNMOUNT 0x001 /* Journal thread is being destroyed */ #define JBD2_ABORT 0x002 /* Journaling has been aborted for errors. */ #define JBD2_ACK_ERR 0x004 /* The errno in the sb has been acked */ #define JBD2_FLUSHED 0x008 /* The journal superblock has been flushed */ #define JBD2_LOADED 0x010 /* The journal superblock has been loaded */ #define JBD2_BARRIER 0x020 /* Use IDE barriers */ #define JBD2_ABORT_ON_SYNCDATA_ERR 0x040 /* Abort the journal on file * data write error in ordered * mode */ #define JBD2_FAST_COMMIT_ONGOING 0x100 /* Fast commit is ongoing */ #define JBD2_FULL_COMMIT_ONGOING 0x200 /* Full commit is ongoing */ /* * Function declarations for the journaling transaction and buffer * management */ /* Filing buffers */ extern void jbd2_journal_unfile_buffer(journal_t *, struct journal_head *); extern bool __jbd2_journal_refile_buffer(struct journal_head *); extern void jbd2_journal_refile_buffer(journal_t *, struct journal_head *); extern void __jbd2_journal_file_buffer(struct journal_head *, transaction_t *, int); extern void __journal_free_buffer(struct journal_head *bh); extern void jbd2_journal_file_buffer(struct journal_head *, transaction_t *, int); extern void __journal_clean_data_list(transaction_t *transaction); static inline void jbd2_file_log_bh(struct list_head *head, struct buffer_head *bh) { list_add_tail(&bh->b_assoc_buffers, head); } static inline void jbd2_unfile_log_bh(struct buffer_head *bh) { list_del_init(&bh->b_assoc_buffers); } /* Log buffer allocation */ struct buffer_head *jbd2_journal_get_descriptor_buffer(transaction_t *, int); void jbd2_descriptor_block_csum_set(journal_t *, struct buffer_head *); int jbd2_journal_next_log_block(journal_t *, unsigned long long *); int jbd2_journal_get_log_tail(journal_t *journal, tid_t *tid, unsigned long *block); int __jbd2_update_log_tail(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid, unsigned long block); void jbd2_update_log_tail(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid, unsigned long block); /* Commit management */ extern void jbd2_journal_commit_transaction(journal_t *); /* Checkpoint list management */ void __jbd2_journal_clean_checkpoint_list(journal_t *journal, bool destroy); int __jbd2_journal_remove_checkpoint(struct journal_head *); void jbd2_journal_destroy_checkpoint(journal_t *journal); void __jbd2_journal_insert_checkpoint(struct journal_head *, transaction_t *); /* * Triggers */ struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type { /* * Fired a the moment data to write to the journal are known to be * stable - so either at the moment b_frozen_data is created or just * before a buffer is written to the journal. mapped_data is a mapped * buffer that is the frozen data for commit. */ void (*t_frozen)(struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type *type, struct buffer_head *bh, void *mapped_data, size_t size); /* * Fired during journal abort for dirty buffers that will not be * committed. */ void (*t_abort)(struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type *type, struct buffer_head *bh); }; extern void jbd2_buffer_frozen_trigger(struct journal_head *jh, void *mapped_data, struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type *triggers); extern void jbd2_buffer_abort_trigger(struct journal_head *jh, struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type *triggers); /* Buffer IO */ extern int jbd2_journal_write_metadata_buffer(transaction_t *transaction, struct journal_head *jh_in, struct buffer_head **bh_out, sector_t blocknr); /* Transaction locking */ extern void __wait_on_journal (journal_t *); /* Transaction cache support */ extern void jbd2_journal_destroy_transaction_cache(void); extern int __init jbd2_journal_init_transaction_cache(void); extern void jbd2_journal_free_transaction(transaction_t *); /* * Journal locking. * * We need to lock the journal during transaction state changes so that nobody * ever tries to take a handle on the running transaction while we are in the * middle of moving it to the commit phase. j_state_lock does this. * * Note that the locking is completely interrupt unsafe. We never touch * journal structures from interrupts. */ static inline handle_t *journal_current_handle(void) { return current->journal_info; } /* The journaling code user interface: * * Create and destroy handles * Register buffer modifications against the current transaction. */ extern handle_t *jbd2_journal_start(journal_t *, int nblocks); extern handle_t *jbd2__journal_start(journal_t *, int blocks, int rsv_blocks, int revoke_records, gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int type, unsigned int line_no); extern int jbd2_journal_restart(handle_t *, int nblocks); extern int jbd2__journal_restart(handle_t *, int nblocks, int revoke_records, gfp_t gfp_mask); extern int jbd2_journal_start_reserved(handle_t *handle, unsigned int type, unsigned int line_no); extern void jbd2_journal_free_reserved(handle_t *handle); extern int jbd2_journal_extend(handle_t *handle, int nblocks, int revoke_records); extern int jbd2_journal_get_write_access(handle_t *, struct buffer_head *); extern int jbd2_journal_get_create_access (handle_t *, struct buffer_head *); extern int jbd2_journal_get_undo_access(handle_t *, struct buffer_head *); void jbd2_journal_set_triggers(struct buffer_head *, struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type *type); extern int jbd2_journal_dirty_metadata (handle_t *, struct buffer_head *); extern int jbd2_journal_forget (handle_t *, struct buffer_head *); extern int jbd2_journal_invalidatepage(journal_t *, struct page *, unsigned int, unsigned int); extern int jbd2_journal_try_to_free_buffers(journal_t *journal, struct page *page); extern int jbd2_journal_stop(handle_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_flush (journal_t *); extern void jbd2_journal_lock_updates (journal_t *); extern void jbd2_journal_unlock_updates (journal_t *); extern journal_t * jbd2_journal_init_dev(struct block_device *bdev, struct block_device *fs_dev, unsigned long long start, int len, int bsize); extern journal_t * jbd2_journal_init_inode (struct inode *); extern int jbd2_journal_update_format (journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_check_used_features (journal_t *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern int jbd2_journal_check_available_features (journal_t *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern int jbd2_journal_set_features (journal_t *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern void jbd2_journal_clear_features (journal_t *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern int jbd2_journal_load (journal_t *journal); extern int jbd2_journal_destroy (journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_recover (journal_t *journal); extern int jbd2_journal_wipe (journal_t *, int); extern int jbd2_journal_skip_recovery (journal_t *); extern void jbd2_journal_update_sb_errno(journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_update_sb_log_tail (journal_t *, tid_t, unsigned long, int); extern void jbd2_journal_abort (journal_t *, int); extern int jbd2_journal_errno (journal_t *); extern void jbd2_journal_ack_err (journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_clear_err (journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_bmap(journal_t *, unsigned long, unsigned long long *); extern int jbd2_journal_force_commit(journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_force_commit_nested(journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_inode_ranged_write(handle_t *handle, struct jbd2_inode *inode, loff_t start_byte, loff_t length); extern int jbd2_journal_inode_ranged_wait(handle_t *handle, struct jbd2_inode *inode, loff_t start_byte, loff_t length); extern int jbd2_journal_submit_inode_data_buffers( struct jbd2_inode *jinode); extern int jbd2_journal_finish_inode_data_buffers( struct jbd2_inode *jinode); extern int jbd2_journal_begin_ordered_truncate(journal_t *journal, struct jbd2_inode *inode, loff_t new_size); extern void jbd2_journal_init_jbd_inode(struct jbd2_inode *jinode, struct inode *inode); extern void jbd2_journal_release_jbd_inode(journal_t *journal, struct jbd2_inode *jinode); /* * journal_head management */ struct journal_head *jbd2_journal_add_journal_head(struct buffer_head *bh); struct journal_head *jbd2_journal_grab_journal_head(struct buffer_head *bh); void jbd2_journal_put_journal_head(struct journal_head *jh); /* * handle management */ extern struct kmem_cache *jbd2_handle_cache; static inline handle_t *jbd2_alloc_handle(gfp_t gfp_flags) { return kmem_cache_zalloc(jbd2_handle_cache, gfp_flags); } static inline void jbd2_free_handle(handle_t *handle) { kmem_cache_free(jbd2_handle_cache, handle); } /* * jbd2_inode management (optional, for those file systems that want to use * dynamically allocated jbd2_inode structures) */ extern struct kmem_cache *jbd2_inode_cache; static inline struct jbd2_inode *jbd2_alloc_inode(gfp_t gfp_flags) { return kmem_cache_alloc(jbd2_inode_cache, gfp_flags); } static inline void jbd2_free_inode(struct jbd2_inode *jinode) { kmem_cache_free(jbd2_inode_cache, jinode); } /* Primary revoke support */ #define JOURNAL_REVOKE_DEFAULT_HASH 256 extern int jbd2_journal_init_revoke(journal_t *, int); extern void jbd2_journal_destroy_revoke_record_cache(void); extern void jbd2_journal_destroy_revoke_table_cache(void); extern int __init jbd2_journal_init_revoke_record_cache(void); extern int __init jbd2_journal_init_revoke_table_cache(void); extern void jbd2_journal_destroy_revoke(journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_revoke (handle_t *, unsigned long long, struct buffer_head *); extern int jbd2_journal_cancel_revoke(handle_t *, struct journal_head *); extern void jbd2_journal_write_revoke_records(transaction_t *transaction, struct list_head *log_bufs); /* Recovery revoke support */ extern int jbd2_journal_set_revoke(journal_t *, unsigned long long, tid_t); extern int jbd2_journal_test_revoke(journal_t *, unsigned long long, tid_t); extern void jbd2_journal_clear_revoke(journal_t *); extern void jbd2_journal_switch_revoke_table(journal_t *journal); extern void jbd2_clear_buffer_revoked_flags(journal_t *journal); /* * The log thread user interface: * * Request space in the current transaction, and force transaction commit * transitions on demand. */ int jbd2_log_start_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); int __jbd2_log_start_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); int jbd2_journal_start_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t *tid); int jbd2_log_wait_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); int jbd2_transaction_committed(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); int jbd2_complete_transaction(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); int jbd2_log_do_checkpoint(journal_t *journal); int jbd2_trans_will_send_data_barrier(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); void __jbd2_log_wait_for_space(journal_t *journal); extern void __jbd2_journal_drop_transaction(journal_t *, transaction_t *); extern int jbd2_cleanup_journal_tail(journal_t *); /* Fast commit related APIs */ int jbd2_fc_begin_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); int jbd2_fc_end_commit(journal_t *journal); int jbd2_fc_end_commit_fallback(journal_t *journal); int jbd2_fc_get_buf(journal_t *journal, struct buffer_head **bh_out); int jbd2_submit_inode_data(struct jbd2_inode *jinode); int jbd2_wait_inode_data(journal_t *journal, struct jbd2_inode *jinode); int jbd2_fc_wait_bufs(journal_t *journal, int num_blks); int jbd2_fc_release_bufs(journal_t *journal); static inline int jbd2_journal_get_max_txn_bufs(journal_t *journal) { return (journal->j_total_len - journal->j_fc_wbufsize) / 4; } /* * is_journal_abort * * Simple test wrapper function to test the JBD2_ABORT state flag. This * bit, when set, indicates that we have had a fatal error somewhere, * either inside the journaling layer or indicated to us by the client * (eg. ext3), and that we and should not commit any further * transactions. */ static inline int is_journal_aborted(journal_t *journal) { return journal->j_flags & JBD2_ABORT; } static inline int is_handle_aborted(handle_t *handle) { if (handle->h_aborted || !handle->h_transaction) return 1; return is_journal_aborted(handle->h_transaction->t_journal); } static inline void jbd2_journal_abort_handle(handle_t *handle) { handle->h_aborted = 1; } #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ /* Comparison functions for transaction IDs: perform comparisons using * modulo arithmetic so that they work over sequence number wraps. */ static inline int tid_gt(tid_t x, tid_t y) { int difference = (x - y); return (difference > 0); } static inline int tid_geq(tid_t x, tid_t y) { int difference = (x - y); return (difference >= 0); } extern int jbd2_journal_blocks_per_page(struct inode *inode); extern size_t journal_tag_bytes(journal_t *journal); static inline bool jbd2_journal_has_csum_v2or3_feature(journal_t *j) { return jbd2_has_feature_csum2(j) || jbd2_has_feature_csum3(j); } static inline int jbd2_journal_has_csum_v2or3(journal_t *journal) { WARN_ON_ONCE(jbd2_journal_has_csum_v2or3_feature(journal) && journal->j_chksum_driver == NULL); return journal->j_chksum_driver != NULL; } /* * Return number of free blocks in the log. Must be called under j_state_lock. */ static inline unsigned long jbd2_log_space_left(journal_t *journal) { /* Allow for rounding errors */ long free = journal->j_free - 32; if (journal->j_committing_transaction) { free -= atomic_read(&journal-> j_committing_transaction->t_outstanding_credits); } return max_t(long, free, 0); } /* * Definitions which augment the buffer_head layer */ /* journaling buffer types */ #define BJ_None 0 /* Not journaled */ #define BJ_Metadata 1 /* Normal journaled metadata */ #define BJ_Forget 2 /* Buffer superseded by this transaction */ #define BJ_Shadow 3 /* Buffer contents being shadowed to the log */ #define BJ_Reserved 4 /* Buffer is reserved for access by journal */ #define BJ_Types 5 extern int jbd_blocks_per_page(struct inode *inode); /* JBD uses a CRC32 checksum */ #define JBD_MAX_CHECKSUM_SIZE 4 static inline u32 jbd2_chksum(journal_t *journal, u32 crc, const void *address, unsigned int length) { struct { struct shash_desc shash; char ctx[JBD_MAX_CHECKSUM_SIZE]; } desc; int err; BUG_ON(crypto_shash_descsize(journal->j_chksum_driver) > JBD_MAX_CHECKSUM_SIZE); desc.shash.tfm = journal->j_chksum_driver; *(u32 *)desc.ctx = crc; err = crypto_shash_update(&desc.shash, address, length); BUG_ON(err); return *(u32 *)desc.ctx; } /* Return most recent uncommitted transaction */ static inline tid_t jbd2_get_latest_transaction(journal_t *journal) { tid_t tid; read_lock(&journal->j_state_lock); tid = journal->j_commit_request; if (journal->j_running_transaction) tid = journal->j_running_transaction->t_tid; read_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); return tid; } static inline int jbd2_handle_buffer_credits(handle_t *handle) { journal_t *journal; if (!handle->h_reserved) journal = handle->h_transaction->t_journal; else journal = handle->h_journal; return handle->h_total_credits - DIV_ROUND_UP(handle->h_revoke_credits_requested, journal->j_revoke_records_per_block); } #ifdef __KERNEL__ #define buffer_trace_init(bh) do {} while (0) #define print_buffer_fields(bh) do {} while (0) #define print_buffer_trace(bh) do {} while (0) #define BUFFER_TRACE(bh, info) do {} while (0) #define BUFFER_TRACE2(bh, bh2, info) do {} while (0) #define JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, info) do {} while (0) #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #define EFSBADCRC EBADMSG /* Bad CRC detected */ #define EFSCORRUPTED EUCLEAN /* Filesystem is corrupted */ #endif /* _LINUX_JBD2_H */
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3200 3201 3202 3203 3204 3205 3206 3207 3208 3209 3210 3211 3212 3213 3214 3215 3216 3217 3218 3219 3220 3221 3222 3223 3224 3225 3226 3227 3228 3229 3230 3231 3232 3233 3234 3235 3236 3237 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * fs/dcache.c * * Complete reimplementation * (C) 1997 Thomas Schoebel-Theuer, * with heavy changes by Linus Torvalds */ /* * Notes on the allocation strategy: * * The dcache is a master of the icache - whenever a dcache entry * exists, the inode will always exist. "iput()" is done either when * the dcache entry is deleted or garbage collected. */ #include <linux/ratelimit.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/fscrypt.h> #include <linux/fsnotify.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/hash.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/seqlock.h> #include <linux/memblock.h> #include <linux/bit_spinlock.h> #include <linux/rculist_bl.h> #include <linux/list_lru.h> #include "internal.h" #include "mount.h" /* * Usage: * dcache->d_inode->i_lock protects: * - i_dentry, d_u.d_alias, d_inode of aliases * dcache_hash_bucket lock protects: * - the dcache hash table * s_roots bl list spinlock protects: * - the s_roots list (see __d_drop) * dentry->d_sb->s_dentry_lru_lock protects: * - the dcache lru lists and counters * d_lock protects: * - d_flags * - d_name * - d_lru * - d_count * - d_unhashed() * - d_parent and d_subdirs * - childrens' d_child and d_parent * - d_u.d_alias, d_inode * * Ordering: * dentry->d_inode->i_lock * dentry->d_lock * dentry->d_sb->s_dentry_lru_lock * dcache_hash_bucket lock * s_roots lock * * If there is an ancestor relationship: * dentry->d_parent->...->d_parent->d_lock * ... * dentry->d_parent->d_lock * dentry->d_lock * * If no ancestor relationship: * arbitrary, since it's serialized on rename_lock */ int sysctl_vfs_cache_pressure __read_mostly = 100; EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sysctl_vfs_cache_pressure); __cacheline_aligned_in_smp DEFINE_SEQLOCK(rename_lock); EXPORT_SYMBOL(rename_lock); static struct kmem_cache *dentry_cache __read_mostly; const struct qstr empty_name = QSTR_INIT("", 0); EXPORT_SYMBOL(empty_name); const struct qstr slash_name = QSTR_INIT("/", 1); EXPORT_SYMBOL(slash_name); /* * This is the single most critical data structure when it comes * to the dcache: the hashtable for lookups. Somebody should try * to make this good - I've just made it work. * * This hash-function tries to avoid losing too many bits of hash * information, yet avoid using a prime hash-size or similar. */ static unsigned int d_hash_shift __read_mostly; static struct hlist_bl_head *dentry_hashtable __read_mostly; static inline struct hlist_bl_head *d_hash(unsigned int hash) { return dentry_hashtable + (hash >> d_hash_shift); } #define IN_LOOKUP_SHIFT 10 static struct hlist_bl_head in_lookup_hashtable[1 << IN_LOOKUP_SHIFT]; static inline struct hlist_bl_head *in_lookup_hash(const struct dentry *parent, unsigned int hash) { hash += (unsigned long) parent / L1_CACHE_BYTES; return in_lookup_hashtable + hash_32(hash, IN_LOOKUP_SHIFT); } /* Statistics gathering. */ struct dentry_stat_t dentry_stat = { .age_limit = 45, }; static DEFINE_PER_CPU(long, nr_dentry); static DEFINE_PER_CPU(long, nr_dentry_unused); static DEFINE_PER_CPU(long, nr_dentry_negative); #if defined(CONFIG_SYSCTL) && defined(CONFIG_PROC_FS) /* * Here we resort to our own counters instead of using generic per-cpu counters * for consistency with what the vfs inode code does. We are expected to harvest * better code and performance by having our own specialized counters. * * Please note that the loop is done over all possible CPUs, not over all online * CPUs. The reason for this is that we don't want to play games with CPUs going * on and off. If one of them goes off, we will just keep their counters. * * glommer: See cffbc8a for details, and if you ever intend to change this, * please update all vfs counters to match. */ static long get_nr_dentry(void) { int i; long sum = 0; for_each_possible_cpu(i) sum += per_cpu(nr_dentry, i); return sum < 0 ? 0 : sum; } static long get_nr_dentry_unused(void) { int i; long sum = 0; for_each_possible_cpu(i) sum += per_cpu(nr_dentry_unused, i); return sum < 0 ? 0 : sum; } static long get_nr_dentry_negative(void) { int i; long sum = 0; for_each_possible_cpu(i) sum += per_cpu(nr_dentry_negative, i); return sum < 0 ? 0 : sum; } int proc_nr_dentry(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { dentry_stat.nr_dentry = get_nr_dentry(); dentry_stat.nr_unused = get_nr_dentry_unused(); dentry_stat.nr_negative = get_nr_dentry_negative(); return proc_doulongvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos); } #endif /* * Compare 2 name strings, return 0 if they match, otherwise non-zero. * The strings are both count bytes long, and count is non-zero. */ #ifdef CONFIG_DCACHE_WORD_ACCESS #include <asm/word-at-a-time.h> /* * NOTE! 'cs' and 'scount' come from a dentry, so it has a * aligned allocation for this particular component. We don't * strictly need the load_unaligned_zeropad() safety, but it * doesn't hurt either. * * In contrast, 'ct' and 'tcount' can be from a pathname, and do * need the careful unaligned handling. */ static inline int dentry_string_cmp(const unsigned char *cs, const unsigned char *ct, unsigned tcount) { unsigned long a,b,mask; for (;;) { a = read_word_at_a_time(cs); b = load_unaligned_zeropad(ct); if (tcount < sizeof(unsigned long)) break; if (unlikely(a != b)) return 1; cs += sizeof(unsigned long); ct += sizeof(unsigned long); tcount -= sizeof(unsigned long); if (!tcount) return 0; } mask = bytemask_from_count(tcount); return unlikely(!!((a ^ b) & mask)); } #else static inline int dentry_string_cmp(const unsigned char *cs, const unsigned char *ct, unsigned tcount) { do { if (*cs != *ct) return 1; cs++; ct++; tcount--; } while (tcount); return 0; } #endif static inline int dentry_cmp(const struct dentry *dentry, const unsigned char *ct, unsigned tcount) { /* * Be careful about RCU walk racing with rename: * use 'READ_ONCE' to fetch the name pointer. * * NOTE! Even if a rename will mean that the length * was not loaded atomically, we don't care. The * RCU walk will check the sequence count eventually, * and catch it. And we won't overrun the buffer, * because we're reading the name pointer atomically, * and a dentry name is guaranteed to be properly * terminated with a NUL byte. * * End result: even if 'len' is wrong, we'll exit * early because the data cannot match (there can * be no NUL in the ct/tcount data) */ const unsigned char *cs = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_name.name); return dentry_string_cmp(cs, ct, tcount); } struct external_name { union { atomic_t count; struct rcu_head head; } u; unsigned char name[]; }; static inline struct external_name *external_name(struct dentry *dentry) { return container_of(dentry->d_name.name, struct external_name, name[0]); } static void __d_free(struct rcu_head *head) { struct dentry *dentry = container_of(head, struct dentry, d_u.d_rcu); kmem_cache_free(dentry_cache, dentry); } static void __d_free_external(struct rcu_head *head) { struct dentry *dentry = container_of(head, struct dentry, d_u.d_rcu); kfree(external_name(dentry)); kmem_cache_free(dentry_cache, dentry); } static inline int dname_external(const struct dentry *dentry) { return dentry->d_name.name != dentry->d_iname; } void take_dentry_name_snapshot(struct name_snapshot *name, struct dentry *dentry) { spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); name->name = dentry->d_name; if (unlikely(dname_external(dentry))) { atomic_inc(&external_name(dentry)->u.count); } else { memcpy(name->inline_name, dentry->d_iname, dentry->d_name.len + 1); name->name.name = name->inline_name; } spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(take_dentry_name_snapshot); void release_dentry_name_snapshot(struct name_snapshot *name) { if (unlikely(name->name.name != name->inline_name)) { struct external_name *p; p = container_of(name->name.name, struct external_name, name[0]); if (unlikely(atomic_dec_and_test(&p->u.count))) kfree_rcu(p, u.head); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(release_dentry_name_snapshot); static inline void __d_set_inode_and_type(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode, unsigned type_flags) { unsigned flags; dentry->d_inode = inode; flags = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_flags); flags &= ~(DCACHE_ENTRY_TYPE | DCACHE_FALLTHRU); flags |= type_flags; smp_store_release(&dentry->d_flags, flags); } static inline void __d_clear_type_and_inode(struct dentry *dentry) { unsigned flags = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_flags); flags &= ~(DCACHE_ENTRY_TYPE | DCACHE_FALLTHRU); WRITE_ONCE(dentry->d_flags, flags); dentry->d_inode = NULL; if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_LRU_LIST) this_cpu_inc(nr_dentry_negative); } static void dentry_free(struct dentry *dentry) { WARN_ON(!hlist_unhashed(&dentry->d_u.d_alias)); if (unlikely(dname_external(dentry))) { struct external_name *p = external_name(dentry); if (likely(atomic_dec_and_test(&p->u.count))) { call_rcu(&dentry->d_u.d_rcu, __d_free_external); return; } } /* if dentry was never visible to RCU, immediate free is OK */ if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_NORCU) __d_free(&dentry->d_u.d_rcu); else call_rcu(&dentry->d_u.d_rcu, __d_free); } /* * Release the dentry's inode, using the filesystem * d_iput() operation if defined. */ static void dentry_unlink_inode(struct dentry * dentry) __releases(dentry->d_lock) __releases(dentry->d_inode->i_lock) { struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode; raw_write_seqcount_begin(&dentry->d_seq); __d_clear_type_and_inode(dentry); hlist_del_init(&dentry->d_u.d_alias); raw_write_seqcount_end(&dentry->d_seq); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); if (!inode->i_nlink) fsnotify_inoderemove(inode); if (dentry->d_op && dentry->d_op->d_iput) dentry->d_op->d_iput(dentry, inode); else iput(inode); } /* * The DCACHE_LRU_LIST bit is set whenever the 'd_lru' entry * is in use - which includes both the "real" per-superblock * LRU list _and_ the DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST use. * * The DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST bit is set whenever the dentry is * on the shrink list (ie not on the superblock LRU list). * * The per-cpu "nr_dentry_unused" counters are updated with * the DCACHE_LRU_LIST bit. * * The per-cpu "nr_dentry_negative" counters are only updated * when deleted from or added to the per-superblock LRU list, not * from/to the shrink list. That is to avoid an unneeded dec/inc * pair when moving from LRU to shrink list in select_collect(). * * These helper functions make sure we always follow the * rules. d_lock must be held by the caller. */ #define D_FLAG_VERIFY(dentry,x) WARN_ON_ONCE(((dentry)->d_flags & (DCACHE_LRU_LIST | DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST)) != (x)) static void d_lru_add(struct dentry *dentry) { D_FLAG_VERIFY(dentry, 0); dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_LRU_LIST; this_cpu_inc(nr_dentry_unused); if (d_is_negative(dentry)) this_cpu_inc(nr_dentry_negative); WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_lru_add(&dentry->d_sb->s_dentry_lru, &dentry->d_lru)); } static void d_lru_del(struct dentry *dentry) { D_FLAG_VERIFY(dentry, DCACHE_LRU_LIST); dentry->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_LRU_LIST; this_cpu_dec(nr_dentry_unused); if (d_is_negative(dentry)) this_cpu_dec(nr_dentry_negative); WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_lru_del(&dentry->d_sb->s_dentry_lru, &dentry->d_lru)); } static void d_shrink_del(struct dentry *dentry) { D_FLAG_VERIFY(dentry, DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST | DCACHE_LRU_LIST); list_del_init(&dentry->d_lru); dentry->d_flags &= ~(DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST | DCACHE_LRU_LIST); this_cpu_dec(nr_dentry_unused); } static void d_shrink_add(struct dentry *dentry, struct list_head *list) { D_FLAG_VERIFY(dentry, 0); list_add(&dentry->d_lru, list); dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST | DCACHE_LRU_LIST; this_cpu_inc(nr_dentry_unused); } /* * These can only be called under the global LRU lock, ie during the * callback for freeing the LRU list. "isolate" removes it from the * LRU lists entirely, while shrink_move moves it to the indicated * private list. */ static void d_lru_isolate(struct list_lru_one *lru, struct dentry *dentry) { D_FLAG_VERIFY(dentry, DCACHE_LRU_LIST); dentry->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_LRU_LIST; this_cpu_dec(nr_dentry_unused); if (d_is_negative(dentry)) this_cpu_dec(nr_dentry_negative); list_lru_isolate(lru, &dentry->d_lru); } static void d_lru_shrink_move(struct list_lru_one *lru, struct dentry *dentry, struct list_head *list) { D_FLAG_VERIFY(dentry, DCACHE_LRU_LIST); dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST; if (d_is_negative(dentry)) this_cpu_dec(nr_dentry_negative); list_lru_isolate_move(lru, &dentry->d_lru, list); } /** * d_drop - drop a dentry * @dentry: dentry to drop * * d_drop() unhashes the entry from the parent dentry hashes, so that it won't * be found through a VFS lookup any more. Note that this is different from * deleting the dentry - d_delete will try to mark the dentry negative if * possible, giving a successful _negative_ lookup, while d_drop will * just make the cache lookup fail. * * d_drop() is used mainly for stuff that wants to invalidate a dentry for some * reason (NFS timeouts or autofs deletes). * * __d_drop requires dentry->d_lock * ___d_drop doesn't mark dentry as "unhashed" * (dentry->d_hash.pprev will be LIST_POISON2, not NULL). */ static void ___d_drop(struct dentry *dentry) { struct hlist_bl_head *b; /* * Hashed dentries are normally on the dentry hashtable, * with the exception of those newly allocated by * d_obtain_root, which are always IS_ROOT: */ if (unlikely(IS_ROOT(dentry))) b = &dentry->d_sb->s_roots; else b = d_hash(dentry->d_name.hash); hlist_bl_lock(b); __hlist_bl_del(&dentry->d_hash); hlist_bl_unlock(b); } void __d_drop(struct dentry *dentry) { if (!d_unhashed(dentry)) { ___d_drop(dentry); dentry->d_hash.pprev = NULL; write_seqcount_invalidate(&dentry->d_seq); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__d_drop); void d_drop(struct dentry *dentry) { spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); __d_drop(dentry); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_drop); static inline void dentry_unlist(struct dentry *dentry, struct dentry *parent) { struct dentry *next; /* * Inform d_walk() and shrink_dentry_list() that we are no longer * attached to the dentry tree */ dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_DENTRY_KILLED; if (unlikely(list_empty(&dentry->d_child))) return; __list_del_entry(&dentry->d_child); /* * Cursors can move around the list of children. While we'd been * a normal list member, it didn't matter - ->d_child.next would've * been updated. However, from now on it won't be and for the * things like d_walk() it might end up with a nasty surprise. * Normally d_walk() doesn't care about cursors moving around - * ->d_lock on parent prevents that and since a cursor has no children * of its own, we get through it without ever unlocking the parent. * There is one exception, though - if we ascend from a child that * gets killed as soon as we unlock it, the next sibling is found * using the value left in its ->d_child.next. And if _that_ * pointed to a cursor, and cursor got moved (e.g. by lseek()) * before d_walk() regains parent->d_lock, we'll end up skipping * everything the cursor had been moved past. * * Solution: make sure that the pointer left behind in ->d_child.next * points to something that won't be moving around. I.e. skip the * cursors. */ while (dentry->d_child.next != &parent->d_subdirs) { next = list_entry(dentry->d_child.next, struct dentry, d_child); if (likely(!(next->d_flags & DCACHE_DENTRY_CURSOR))) break; dentry->d_child.next = next->d_child.next; } } static void __dentry_kill(struct dentry *dentry) { struct dentry *parent = NULL; bool can_free = true; if (!IS_ROOT(dentry)) parent = dentry->d_parent; /* * The dentry is now unrecoverably dead to the world. */ lockref_mark_dead(&dentry->d_lockref); /* * inform the fs via d_prune that this dentry is about to be * unhashed and destroyed. */ if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_PRUNE) dentry->d_op->d_prune(dentry); if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_LRU_LIST) { if (!(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST)) d_lru_del(dentry); } /* if it was on the hash then remove it */ __d_drop(dentry); dentry_unlist(dentry, parent); if (parent) spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock); if (dentry->d_inode) dentry_unlink_inode(dentry); else spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); this_cpu_dec(nr_dentry); if (dentry->d_op && dentry->d_op->d_release) dentry->d_op->d_release(dentry); spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST) { dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_MAY_FREE; can_free = false; } spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); if (likely(can_free)) dentry_free(dentry); cond_resched(); } static struct dentry *__lock_parent(struct dentry *dentry) { struct dentry *parent; rcu_read_lock(); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); again: parent = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_parent); spin_lock(&parent->d_lock); /* * We can't blindly lock dentry until we are sure * that we won't violate the locking order. * Any changes of dentry->d_parent must have * been done with parent->d_lock held, so * spin_lock() above is enough of a barrier * for checking if it's still our child. */ if (unlikely(parent != dentry->d_parent)) { spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock); goto again; } rcu_read_unlock(); if (parent != dentry) spin_lock_nested(&dentry->d_lock, DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED); else parent = NULL; return parent; } static inline struct dentry *lock_parent(struct dentry *dentry) { struct dentry *parent = dentry->d_parent; if (IS_ROOT(dentry)) return NULL; if (likely(spin_trylock(&parent->d_lock))) return parent; return __lock_parent(dentry); } static inline bool retain_dentry(struct dentry *dentry) { WARN_ON(d_in_lookup(dentry)); /* Unreachable? Get rid of it */ if (unlikely(d_unhashed(dentry))) return false; if (unlikely(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_DISCONNECTED)) return false; if (unlikely(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_DELETE)) { if (dentry->d_op->d_delete(dentry)) return false; } if (unlikely(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_DONTCACHE)) return false; /* retain; LRU fodder */ dentry->d_lockref.count--; if (unlikely(!(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_LRU_LIST))) d_lru_add(dentry); else if (unlikely(!(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_REFERENCED))) dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_REFERENCED; return true; } void d_mark_dontcache(struct inode *inode) { struct dentry *de; spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); hlist_for_each_entry(de, &inode->i_dentry, d_u.d_alias) { spin_lock(&de->d_lock); de->d_flags |= DCACHE_DONTCACHE; spin_unlock(&de->d_lock); } inode->i_state |= I_DONTCACHE; spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_mark_dontcache); /* * Finish off a dentry we've decided to kill. * dentry->d_lock must be held, returns with it unlocked. * Returns dentry requiring refcount drop, or NULL if we're done. */ static struct dentry *dentry_kill(struct dentry *dentry) __releases(dentry->d_lock) { struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode; struct dentry *parent = NULL; if (inode && unlikely(!spin_trylock(&inode->i_lock))) goto slow_positive; if (!IS_ROOT(dentry)) { parent = dentry->d_parent; if (unlikely(!spin_trylock(&parent->d_lock))) { parent = __lock_parent(dentry); if (likely(inode || !dentry->d_inode)) goto got_locks; /* negative that became positive */ if (parent) spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock); inode = dentry->d_inode; goto slow_positive; } } __dentry_kill(dentry); return parent; slow_positive: spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); parent = lock_parent(dentry); got_locks: if (unlikely(dentry->d_lockref.count != 1)) { dentry->d_lockref.count--; } else if (likely(!retain_dentry(dentry))) { __dentry_kill(dentry); return parent; } /* we are keeping it, after all */ if (inode) spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); if (parent) spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return NULL; } /* * Try to do a lockless dput(), and return whether that was successful. * * If unsuccessful, we return false, having already taken the dentry lock. * * The caller needs to hold the RCU read lock, so that the dentry is * guaranteed to stay around even if the refcount goes down to zero! */ static inline bool fast_dput(struct dentry *dentry) { int ret; unsigned int d_flags; /* * If we have a d_op->d_delete() operation, we sould not * let the dentry count go to zero, so use "put_or_lock". */ if (unlikely(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_DELETE)) return lockref_put_or_lock(&dentry->d_lockref); /* * .. otherwise, we can try to just decrement the * lockref optimistically. */ ret = lockref_put_return(&dentry->d_lockref); /* * If the lockref_put_return() failed due to the lock being held * by somebody else, the fast path has failed. We will need to * get the lock, and then check the count again. */ if (unlikely(ret < 0)) { spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); if (dentry->d_lockref.count > 1) { dentry->d_lockref.count--; spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return true; } return false; } /* * If we weren't the last ref, we're done. */ if (ret) return true; /* * Careful, careful. The reference count went down * to zero, but we don't hold the dentry lock, so * somebody else could get it again, and do another * dput(), and we need to not race with that. * * However, there is a very special and common case * where we don't care, because there is nothing to * do: the dentry is still hashed, it does not have * a 'delete' op, and it's referenced and already on * the LRU list. * * NOTE! Since we aren't locked, these values are * not "stable". However, it is sufficient that at * some point after we dropped the reference the * dentry was hashed and the flags had the proper * value. Other dentry users may have re-gotten * a reference to the dentry and change that, but * our work is done - we can leave the dentry * around with a zero refcount. */ smp_rmb(); d_flags = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_flags); d_flags &= DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST | DCACHE_DISCONNECTED; /* Nothing to do? Dropping the reference was all we needed? */ if (d_flags == (DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST) && !d_unhashed(dentry)) return true; /* * Not the fast normal case? Get the lock. We've already decremented * the refcount, but we'll need to re-check the situation after * getting the lock. */ spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); /* * Did somebody else grab a reference to it in the meantime, and * we're no longer the last user after all? Alternatively, somebody * else could have killed it and marked it dead. Either way, we * don't need to do anything else. */ if (dentry->d_lockref.count) { spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return true; } /* * Re-get the reference we optimistically dropped. We hold the * lock, and we just tested that it was zero, so we can just * set it to 1. */ dentry->d_lockref.count = 1; return false; } /* * This is dput * * This is complicated by the fact that we do not want to put * dentries that are no longer on any hash chain on the unused * list: we'd much rather just get rid of them immediately. * * However, that implies that we have to traverse the dentry * tree upwards to the parents which might _also_ now be * scheduled for deletion (it may have been only waiting for * its last child to go away). * * This tail recursion is done by hand as we don't want to depend * on the compiler to always get this right (gcc generally doesn't). * Real recursion would eat up our stack space. */ /* * dput - release a dentry * @dentry: dentry to release * * Release a dentry. This will drop the usage count and if appropriate * call the dentry unlink method as well as removing it from the queues and * releasing its resources. If the parent dentries were scheduled for release * they too may now get deleted. */ void dput(struct dentry *dentry) { while (dentry) { might_sleep(); rcu_read_lock(); if (likely(fast_dput(dentry))) { rcu_read_unlock(); return; } /* Slow case: now with the dentry lock held */ rcu_read_unlock(); if (likely(retain_dentry(dentry))) { spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return; } dentry = dentry_kill(dentry); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(dput); static void __dput_to_list(struct dentry *dentry, struct list_head *list) __must_hold(&dentry->d_lock) { if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST) { /* let the owner of the list it's on deal with it */ --dentry->d_lockref.count; } else { if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_LRU_LIST) d_lru_del(dentry); if (!--dentry->d_lockref.count) d_shrink_add(dentry, list); } } void dput_to_list(struct dentry *dentry, struct list_head *list) { rcu_read_lock(); if (likely(fast_dput(dentry))) { rcu_read_unlock(); return; } rcu_read_unlock(); if (!retain_dentry(dentry)) __dput_to_list(dentry, list); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); } /* This must be called with d_lock held */ static inline void __dget_dlock(struct dentry *dentry) { dentry->d_lockref.count++; } static inline void __dget(struct dentry *dentry) { lockref_get(&dentry->d_lockref); } struct dentry *dget_parent(struct dentry *dentry) { int gotref; struct dentry *ret; unsigned seq; /* * Do optimistic parent lookup without any * locking. */ rcu_read_lock(); seq = raw_seqcount_begin(&dentry->d_seq); ret = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_parent); gotref = lockref_get_not_zero(&ret->d_lockref); rcu_read_unlock(); if (likely(gotref)) { if (!read_seqcount_retry(&dentry->d_seq, seq)) return ret; dput(ret); } repeat: /* * Don't need rcu_dereference because we re-check it was correct under * the lock. */ rcu_read_lock(); ret = dentry->d_parent; spin_lock(&ret->d_lock); if (unlikely(ret != dentry->d_parent)) { spin_unlock(&ret->d_lock); rcu_read_unlock(); goto repeat; } rcu_read_unlock(); BUG_ON(!ret->d_lockref.count); ret->d_lockref.count++; spin_unlock(&ret->d_lock); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(dget_parent); static struct dentry * __d_find_any_alias(struct inode *inode) { struct dentry *alias; if (hlist_empty(&inode->i_dentry)) return NULL; alias = hlist_entry(inode->i_dentry.first, struct dentry, d_u.d_alias); __dget(alias); return alias; } /** * d_find_any_alias - find any alias for a given inode * @inode: inode to find an alias for * * If any aliases exist for the given inode, take and return a * reference for one of them. If no aliases exist, return %NULL. */ struct dentry *d_find_any_alias(struct inode *inode) { struct dentry *de; spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); de = __d_find_any_alias(inode); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); return de; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_find_any_alias); /** * d_find_alias - grab a hashed alias of inode * @inode: inode in question * * If inode has a hashed alias, or is a directory and has any alias, * acquire the reference to alias and return it. Otherwise return NULL. * Notice that if inode is a directory there can be only one alias and * it can be unhashed only if it has no children, or if it is the root * of a filesystem, or if the directory was renamed and d_revalidate * was the first vfs operation to notice. * * If the inode has an IS_ROOT, DCACHE_DISCONNECTED alias, then prefer * any other hashed alias over that one. */ static struct dentry *__d_find_alias(struct inode *inode) { struct dentry *alias; if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) return __d_find_any_alias(inode); hlist_for_each_entry(alias, &inode->i_dentry, d_u.d_alias) { spin_lock(&alias->d_lock); if (!d_unhashed(alias)) { __dget_dlock(alias); spin_unlock(&alias->d_lock); return alias; } spin_unlock(&alias->d_lock); } return NULL; } struct dentry *d_find_alias(struct inode *inode) { struct dentry *de = NULL; if (!hlist_empty(&inode->i_dentry)) { spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); de = __d_find_alias(inode); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } return de; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_find_alias); /* * Try to kill dentries associated with this inode. * WARNING: you must own a reference to inode. */ void d_prune_aliases(struct inode *inode) { struct dentry *dentry; restart: spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); hlist_for_each_entry(dentry, &inode->i_dentry, d_u.d_alias) { spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); if (!dentry->d_lockref.count) { struct dentry *parent = lock_parent(dentry); if (likely(!dentry->d_lockref.count)) { __dentry_kill(dentry); dput(parent); goto restart; } if (parent) spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock); } spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); } spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_prune_aliases); /* * Lock a dentry from shrink list. * Called under rcu_read_lock() and dentry->d_lock; the former * guarantees that nothing we access will be freed under us. * Note that dentry is *not* protected from concurrent dentry_kill(), * d_delete(), etc. * * Return false if dentry has been disrupted or grabbed, leaving * the caller to kick it off-list. Otherwise, return true and have * that dentry's inode and parent both locked. */ static bool shrink_lock_dentry(struct dentry *dentry) { struct inode *inode; struct dentry *parent; if (dentry->d_lockref.count) return false; inode = dentry->d_inode; if (inode && unlikely(!spin_trylock(&inode->i_lock))) { spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); if (unlikely(dentry->d_lockref.count)) goto out; /* changed inode means that somebody had grabbed it */ if (unlikely(inode != dentry->d_inode)) goto out; } parent = dentry->d_parent; if (IS_ROOT(dentry) || likely(spin_trylock(&parent->d_lock))) return true; spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); spin_lock(&parent->d_lock); if (unlikely(parent != dentry->d_parent)) { spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock); spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); goto out; } spin_lock_nested(&dentry->d_lock, DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED); if (likely(!dentry->d_lockref.count)) return true; spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock); out: if (inode) spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); return false; } void shrink_dentry_list(struct list_head *list) { while (!list_empty(list)) { struct dentry *dentry, *parent; dentry = list_entry(list->prev, struct dentry, d_lru); spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); rcu_read_lock(); if (!shrink_lock_dentry(dentry)) { bool can_free = false; rcu_read_unlock(); d_shrink_del(dentry); if (dentry->d_lockref.count < 0) can_free = dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_MAY_FREE; spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); if (can_free) dentry_free(dentry); continue; } rcu_read_unlock(); d_shrink_del(dentry); parent = dentry->d_parent; if (parent != dentry) __dput_to_list(parent, list); __dentry_kill(dentry); } } static enum lru_status dentry_lru_isolate(struct list_head *item, struct list_lru_one *lru, spinlock_t *lru_lock, void *arg) { struct list_head *freeable = arg; struct dentry *dentry = container_of(item, struct dentry, d_lru); /* * we are inverting the lru lock/dentry->d_lock here, * so use a trylock. If we fail to get the lock, just skip * it */ if (!spin_trylock(&dentry->d_lock)) return LRU_SKIP; /* * Referenced dentries are still in use. If they have active * counts, just remove them from the LRU. Otherwise give them * another pass through the LRU. */ if (dentry->d_lockref.count) { d_lru_isolate(lru, dentry); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return LRU_REMOVED; } if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_REFERENCED) { dentry->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_REFERENCED; spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); /* * The list move itself will be made by the common LRU code. At * this point, we've dropped the dentry->d_lock but keep the * lru lock. This is safe to do, since every list movement is * protected by the lru lock even if both locks are held. * * This is guaranteed by the fact that all LRU management * functions are intermediated by the LRU API calls like * list_lru_add and list_lru_del. List movement in this file * only ever occur through this functions or through callbacks * like this one, that are called from the LRU API. * * The only exceptions to this are functions like * shrink_dentry_list, and code that first checks for the * DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST flag. Those are guaranteed to be * operating only with stack provided lists after they are * properly isolated from the main list. It is thus, always a * local access. */ return LRU_ROTATE; } d_lru_shrink_move(lru, dentry, freeable); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return LRU_REMOVED; } /** * prune_dcache_sb - shrink the dcache * @sb: superblock * @sc: shrink control, passed to list_lru_shrink_walk() * * Attempt to shrink the superblock dcache LRU by @sc->nr_to_scan entries. This * is done when we need more memory and called from the superblock shrinker * function. * * This function may fail to free any resources if all the dentries are in * use. */ long prune_dcache_sb(struct super_block *sb, struct shrink_control *sc) { LIST_HEAD(dispose); long freed; freed = list_lru_shrink_walk(&sb->s_dentry_lru, sc, dentry_lru_isolate, &dispose); shrink_dentry_list(&dispose); return freed; } static enum lru_status dentry_lru_isolate_shrink(struct list_head *item, struct list_lru_one *lru, spinlock_t *lru_lock, void *arg) { struct list_head *freeable = arg; struct dentry *dentry = container_of(item, struct dentry, d_lru); /* * we are inverting the lru lock/dentry->d_lock here, * so use a trylock. If we fail to get the lock, just skip * it */ if (!spin_trylock(&dentry->d_lock)) return LRU_SKIP; d_lru_shrink_move(lru, dentry, freeable); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return LRU_REMOVED; } /** * shrink_dcache_sb - shrink dcache for a superblock * @sb: superblock * * Shrink the dcache for the specified super block. This is used to free * the dcache before unmounting a file system. */ void shrink_dcache_sb(struct super_block *sb) { do { LIST_HEAD(dispose); list_lru_walk(&sb->s_dentry_lru, dentry_lru_isolate_shrink, &dispose, 1024); shrink_dentry_list(&dispose); } while (list_lru_count(&sb->s_dentry_lru) > 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(shrink_dcache_sb); /** * enum d_walk_ret - action to talke during tree walk * @D_WALK_CONTINUE: contrinue walk * @D_WALK_QUIT: quit walk * @D_WALK_NORETRY: quit when retry is needed * @D_WALK_SKIP: skip this dentry and its children */ enum d_walk_ret { D_WALK_CONTINUE, D_WALK_QUIT, D_WALK_NORETRY, D_WALK_SKIP, }; /** * d_walk - walk the dentry tree * @parent: start of walk * @data: data passed to @enter() and @finish() * @enter: callback when first entering the dentry * * The @enter() callbacks are called with d_lock held. */ static void d_walk(struct dentry *parent, void *data, enum d_walk_ret (*enter)(void *, struct dentry *)) { struct dentry *this_parent; struct list_head *next; unsigned seq = 0; enum d_walk_ret ret; bool retry = true; again: read_seqbegin_or_lock(&rename_lock, &seq); this_parent = parent; spin_lock(&this_parent->d_lock); ret = enter(data, this_parent); switch (ret) { case D_WALK_CONTINUE: break; case D_WALK_QUIT: case D_WALK_SKIP: goto out_unlock; case D_WALK_NORETRY: retry = false; break; } repeat: next = this_parent->d_subdirs.next; resume: while (next != &this_parent->d_subdirs) { struct list_head *tmp = next; struct dentry *dentry = list_entry(tmp, struct dentry, d_child); next = tmp->next; if (unlikely(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_DENTRY_CURSOR)) continue; spin_lock_nested(&dentry->d_lock, DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED); ret = enter(data, dentry); switch (ret) { case D_WALK_CONTINUE: break; case D_WALK_QUIT: spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); goto out_unlock; case D_WALK_NORETRY: retry = false; break; case D_WALK_SKIP: spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); continue; } if (!list_empty(&dentry->d_subdirs)) { spin_unlock(&this_parent->d_lock); spin_release(&dentry->d_lock.dep_map, _RET_IP_); this_parent = dentry; spin_acquire(&this_parent->d_lock.dep_map, 0, 1, _RET_IP_); goto repeat; } spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); } /* * All done at this level ... ascend and resume the search. */ rcu_read_lock(); ascend: if (this_parent != parent) { struct dentry *child = this_parent; this_parent = child->d_parent; spin_unlock(&child->d_lock); spin_lock(&this_parent->d_lock); /* might go back up the wrong parent if we have had a rename. */ if (need_seqretry(&rename_lock, seq)) goto rename_retry; /* go into the first sibling still alive */ do { next = child->d_child.next; if (next == &this_parent->d_subdirs) goto ascend; child = list_entry(next, struct dentry, d_child); } while (unlikely(child->d_flags & DCACHE_DENTRY_KILLED)); rcu_read_unlock(); goto resume; } if (need_seqretry(&rename_lock, seq)) goto rename_retry; rcu_read_unlock(); out_unlock: spin_unlock(&this_parent->d_lock); done_seqretry(&rename_lock, seq); return; rename_retry: spin_unlock(&this_parent->d_lock); rcu_read_unlock(); BUG_ON(seq & 1); if (!retry) return; seq = 1; goto again; } struct check_mount { struct vfsmount *mnt; unsigned int mounted; }; static enum d_walk_ret path_check_mount(void *data, struct dentry *dentry) { struct check_mount *info = data; struct path path = { .mnt = info->mnt, .dentry = dentry }; if (likely(!d_mountpoint(dentry))) return D_WALK_CONTINUE; if (__path_is_mountpoint(&path)) { info->mounted = 1; return D_WALK_QUIT; } return D_WALK_CONTINUE; } /** * path_has_submounts - check for mounts over a dentry in the * current namespace. * @parent: path to check. * * Return true if the parent or its subdirectories contain * a mount point in the current namespace. */ int path_has_submounts(const struct path *parent) { struct check_mount data = { .mnt = parent->mnt, .mounted = 0 }; read_seqlock_excl(&mount_lock); d_walk(parent->dentry, &data, path_check_mount); read_sequnlock_excl(&mount_lock); return data.mounted; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(path_has_submounts); /* * Called by mount code to set a mountpoint and check if the mountpoint is * reachable (e.g. NFS can unhash a directory dentry and then the complete * subtree can become unreachable). * * Only one of d_invalidate() and d_set_mounted() must succeed. For * this reason take rename_lock and d_lock on dentry and ancestors. */ int d_set_mounted(struct dentry *dentry) { struct dentry *p; int ret = -ENOENT; write_seqlock(&rename_lock); for (p = dentry->d_parent; !IS_ROOT(p); p = p->d_parent) { /* Need exclusion wrt. d_invalidate() */ spin_lock(&p->d_lock); if (unlikely(d_unhashed(p))) { spin_unlock(&p->d_lock); goto out; } spin_unlock(&p->d_lock); } spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); if (!d_unlinked(dentry)) { ret = -EBUSY; if (!d_mountpoint(dentry)) { dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_MOUNTED; ret = 0; } } spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); out: write_sequnlock(&rename_lock); return ret; } /* * Search the dentry child list of the specified parent, * and move any unused dentries to the end of the unused * list for prune_dcache(). We descend to the next level * whenever the d_subdirs list is non-empty and continue * searching. * * It returns zero iff there are no unused children, * otherwise it returns the number of children moved to * the end of the unused list. This may not be the total * number of unused children, because select_parent can * drop the lock and return early due to latency * constraints. */ struct select_data { struct dentry *start; union { long found; struct dentry *victim; }; struct list_head dispose; }; static enum d_walk_ret select_collect(void *_data, struct dentry *dentry) { struct select_data *data = _data; enum d_walk_ret ret = D_WALK_CONTINUE; if (data->start == dentry) goto out; if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST) { data->found++; } else { if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_LRU_LIST) d_lru_del(dentry); if (!dentry->d_lockref.count) { d_shrink_add(dentry, &data->dispose); data->found++; } } /* * We can return to the caller if we have found some (this * ensures forward progress). We'll be coming back to find * the rest. */ if (!list_empty(&data->dispose)) ret = need_resched() ? D_WALK_QUIT : D_WALK_NORETRY; out: return ret; } static enum d_walk_ret select_collect2(void *_data, struct dentry *dentry) { struct select_data *data = _data; enum d_walk_ret ret = D_WALK_CONTINUE; if (data->start == dentry) goto out; if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST) { if (!dentry->d_lockref.count) { rcu_read_lock(); data->victim = dentry; return D_WALK_QUIT; } } else { if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_LRU_LIST) d_lru_del(dentry); if (!dentry->d_lockref.count) d_shrink_add(dentry, &data->dispose); } /* * We can return to the caller if we have found some (this * ensures forward progress). We'll be coming back to find * the rest. */ if (!list_empty(&data->dispose)) ret = need_resched() ? D_WALK_QUIT : D_WALK_NORETRY; out: return ret; } /** * shrink_dcache_parent - prune dcache * @parent: parent of entries to prune * * Prune the dcache to remove unused children of the parent dentry. */ void shrink_dcache_parent(struct dentry *parent) { for (;;) { struct select_data data = {.start = parent}; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&data.dispose); d_walk(parent, &data, select_collect); if (!list_empty(&data.dispose)) { shrink_dentry_list(&data.dispose); continue; } cond_resched(); if (!data.found) break; data.victim = NULL; d_walk(parent, &data, select_collect2); if (data.victim) { struct dentry *parent; spin_lock(&data.victim->d_lock); if (!shrink_lock_dentry(data.victim)) { spin_unlock(&data.victim->d_lock); rcu_read_unlock(); } else { rcu_read_unlock(); parent = data.victim->d_parent; if (parent != data.victim) __dput_to_list(parent, &data.dispose); __dentry_kill(data.victim); } } if (!list_empty(&data.dispose)) shrink_dentry_list(&data.dispose); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(shrink_dcache_parent); static enum d_walk_ret umount_check(void *_data, struct dentry *dentry) { /* it has busy descendents; complain about those instead */ if (!list_empty(&dentry->d_subdirs)) return D_WALK_CONTINUE; /* root with refcount 1 is fine */ if (dentry == _data && dentry->d_lockref.count == 1) return D_WALK_CONTINUE; printk(KERN_ERR "BUG: Dentry %p{i=%lx,n=%pd} " " still in use (%d) [unmount of %s %s]\n", dentry, dentry->d_inode ? dentry->d_inode->i_ino : 0UL, dentry, dentry->d_lockref.count, dentry->d_sb->s_type->name, dentry->d_sb->s_id); WARN_ON(1); return D_WALK_CONTINUE; } static void do_one_tree(struct dentry *dentry) { shrink_dcache_parent(dentry); d_walk(dentry, dentry, umount_check); d_drop(dentry); dput(dentry); } /* * destroy the dentries attached to a superblock on unmounting */ void shrink_dcache_for_umount(struct super_block *sb) { struct dentry *dentry; WARN(down_read_trylock(&sb->s_umount), "s_umount should've been locked"); dentry = sb->s_root; sb->s_root = NULL; do_one_tree(dentry); while (!hlist_bl_empty(&sb->s_roots)) { dentry = dget(hlist_bl_entry(hlist_bl_first(&sb->s_roots), struct dentry, d_hash)); do_one_tree(dentry); } } static enum d_walk_ret find_submount(void *_data, struct dentry *dentry) { struct dentry **victim = _data; if (d_mountpoint(dentry)) { __dget_dlock(dentry); *victim = dentry; return D_WALK_QUIT; } return D_WALK_CONTINUE; } /** * d_invalidate - detach submounts, prune dcache, and drop * @dentry: dentry to invalidate (aka detach, prune and drop) */ void d_invalidate(struct dentry *dentry) { bool had_submounts = false; spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); if (d_unhashed(dentry)) { spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return; } __d_drop(dentry); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); /* Negative dentries can be dropped without further checks */ if (!dentry->d_inode) return; shrink_dcache_parent(dentry); for (;;) { struct dentry *victim = NULL; d_walk(dentry, &victim, find_submount); if (!victim) { if (had_submounts) shrink_dcache_parent(dentry); return; } had_submounts = true; detach_mounts(victim); dput(victim); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_invalidate); /** * __d_alloc - allocate a dcache entry * @sb: filesystem it will belong to * @name: qstr of the name * * Allocates a dentry. It returns %NULL if there is insufficient memory * available. On a success the dentry is returned. The name passed in is * copied and the copy passed in may be reused after this call. */ static struct dentry *__d_alloc(struct super_block *sb, const struct qstr *name) { struct dentry *dentry; char *dname; int err; dentry = kmem_cache_alloc(dentry_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (!dentry) return NULL; /* * We guarantee that the inline name is always NUL-terminated. * This way the memcpy() done by the name switching in rename * will still always have a NUL at the end, even if we might * be overwriting an internal NUL character */ dentry->d_iname[DNAME_INLINE_LEN-1] = 0; if (unlikely(!name)) { name = &slash_name; dname = dentry->d_iname; } else if (name->len > DNAME_INLINE_LEN-1) { size_t size = offsetof(struct external_name, name[1]); struct external_name *p = kmalloc(size + name->len, GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT | __GFP_RECLAIMABLE); if (!p) { kmem_cache_free(dentry_cache, dentry); return NULL; } atomic_set(&p->u.count, 1); dname = p->name; } else { dname = dentry->d_iname; } dentry->d_name.len = name->len; dentry->d_name.hash = name->hash; memcpy(dname, name->name, name->len); dname[name->len] = 0; /* Make sure we always see the terminating NUL character */ smp_store_release(&dentry->d_name.name, dname); /* ^^^ */ dentry->d_lockref.count = 1; dentry->d_flags = 0; spin_lock_init(&dentry->d_lock); seqcount_spinlock_init(&dentry->d_seq, &dentry->d_lock); dentry->d_inode = NULL; dentry->d_parent = dentry; dentry->d_sb = sb; dentry->d_op = NULL; dentry->d_fsdata = NULL; INIT_HLIST_BL_NODE(&dentry->d_hash); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dentry->d_lru); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dentry->d_subdirs); INIT_HLIST_NODE(&dentry->d_u.d_alias); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dentry->d_child); d_set_d_op(dentry, dentry->d_sb->s_d_op); if (dentry->d_op && dentry->d_op->d_init) { err = dentry->d_op->d_init(dentry); if (err) { if (dname_external(dentry)) kfree(external_name(dentry)); kmem_cache_free(dentry_cache, dentry); return NULL; } } this_cpu_inc(nr_dentry); return dentry; } /** * d_alloc - allocate a dcache entry * @parent: parent of entry to allocate * @name: qstr of the name * * Allocates a dentry. It returns %NULL if there is insufficient memory * available. On a success the dentry is returned. The name passed in is * copied and the copy passed in may be reused after this call. */ struct dentry *d_alloc(struct dentry * parent, const struct qstr *name) { struct dentry *dentry = __d_alloc(parent->d_sb, name); if (!dentry) return NULL; spin_lock(&parent->d_lock); /* * don't need child lock because it is not subject * to concurrency here */ __dget_dlock(parent); dentry->d_parent = parent; list_add(&dentry->d_child, &parent->d_subdirs); spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock); return dentry; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_alloc); struct dentry *d_alloc_anon(struct super_block *sb) { return __d_alloc(sb, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_alloc_anon); struct dentry *d_alloc_cursor(struct dentry * parent) { struct dentry *dentry = d_alloc_anon(parent->d_sb); if (dentry) { dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_DENTRY_CURSOR; dentry->d_parent = dget(parent); } return dentry; } /** * d_alloc_pseudo - allocate a dentry (for lookup-less filesystems) * @sb: the superblock * @name: qstr of the name * * For a filesystem that just pins its dentries in memory and never * performs lookups at all, return an unhashed IS_ROOT dentry. * This is used for pipes, sockets et.al. - the stuff that should * never be anyone's children or parents. Unlike all other * dentries, these will not have RCU delay between dropping the * last reference and freeing them. * * The only user is alloc_file_pseudo() and that's what should * be considered a public interface. Don't use directly. */ struct dentry *d_alloc_pseudo(struct super_block *sb, const struct qstr *name) { struct dentry *dentry = __d_alloc(sb, name); if (likely(dentry)) dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_NORCU; return dentry; } struct dentry *d_alloc_name(struct dentry *parent, const char *name) { struct qstr q; q.name = name; q.hash_len = hashlen_string(parent, name); return d_alloc(parent, &q); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_alloc_name); void d_set_d_op(struct dentry *dentry, const struct dentry_operations *op) { WARN_ON_ONCE(dentry->d_op); WARN_ON_ONCE(dentry->d_flags & (DCACHE_OP_HASH | DCACHE_OP_COMPARE | DCACHE_OP_REVALIDATE | DCACHE_OP_WEAK_REVALIDATE | DCACHE_OP_DELETE | DCACHE_OP_REAL)); dentry->d_op = op; if (!op) return; if (op->d_hash) dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_OP_HASH; if (op->d_compare) dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_OP_COMPARE; if (op->d_revalidate) dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_OP_REVALIDATE; if (op->d_weak_revalidate) dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_OP_WEAK_REVALIDATE; if (op->d_delete) dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_OP_DELETE; if (op->d_prune) dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_OP_PRUNE; if (op->d_real) dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_OP_REAL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_set_d_op); /* * d_set_fallthru - Mark a dentry as falling through to a lower layer * @dentry - The dentry to mark * * Mark a dentry as falling through to the lower layer (as set with * d_pin_lower()). This flag may be recorded on the medium. */ void d_set_fallthru(struct dentry *dentry) { spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_FALLTHRU; spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_set_fallthru); static unsigned d_flags_for_inode(struct inode *inode) { unsigned add_flags = DCACHE_REGULAR_TYPE; if (!inode) return DCACHE_MISS_TYPE; if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) { add_flags = DCACHE_DIRECTORY_TYPE; if (unlikely(!(inode->i_opflags & IOP_LOOKUP))) { if (unlikely(!inode->i_op->lookup)) add_flags = DCACHE_AUTODIR_TYPE; else inode->i_opflags |= IOP_LOOKUP; } goto type_determined; } if (unlikely(!(inode->i_opflags & IOP_NOFOLLOW))) { if (unlikely(inode->i_op->get_link)) { add_flags = DCACHE_SYMLINK_TYPE; goto type_determined; } inode->i_opflags |= IOP_NOFOLLOW; } if (unlikely(!S_ISREG(inode->i_mode))) add_flags = DCACHE_SPECIAL_TYPE; type_determined: if (unlikely(IS_AUTOMOUNT(inode))) add_flags |= DCACHE_NEED_AUTOMOUNT; return add_flags; } static void __d_instantiate(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode) { unsigned add_flags = d_flags_for_inode(inode); WARN_ON(d_in_lookup(dentry)); spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); /* * Decrement negative dentry count if it was in the LRU list. */ if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_LRU_LIST) this_cpu_dec(nr_dentry_negative); hlist_add_head(&dentry->d_u.d_alias, &inode->i_dentry); raw_write_seqcount_begin(&dentry->d_seq); __d_set_inode_and_type(dentry, inode, add_flags); raw_write_seqcount_end(&dentry->d_seq); fsnotify_update_flags(dentry); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); } /** * d_instantiate - fill in inode information for a dentry * @entry: dentry to complete * @inode: inode to attach to this dentry * * Fill in inode information in the entry. * * This turns negative dentries into productive full members * of society. * * NOTE! This assumes that the inode count has been incremented * (or otherwise set) by the caller to indicate that it is now * in use by the dcache. */ void d_instantiate(struct dentry *entry, struct inode * inode) { BUG_ON(!hlist_unhashed(&entry->d_u.d_alias)); if (inode) { security_d_instantiate(entry, inode); spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); __d_instantiate(entry, inode); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_instantiate); /* * This should be equivalent to d_instantiate() + unlock_new_inode(), * with lockdep-related part of unlock_new_inode() done before * anything else. Use that instead of open-coding d_instantiate()/ * unlock_new_inode() combinations. */ void d_instantiate_new(struct dentry *entry, struct inode *inode) { BUG_ON(!hlist_unhashed(&entry->d_u.d_alias)); BUG_ON(!inode); lockdep_annotate_inode_mutex_key(inode); security_d_instantiate(entry, inode); spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); __d_instantiate(entry, inode); WARN_ON(!(inode->i_state & I_NEW)); inode->i_state &= ~I_NEW & ~I_CREATING; smp_mb(); wake_up_bit(&inode->i_state, __I_NEW); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_instantiate_new); struct dentry *d_make_root(struct inode *root_inode) { struct dentry *res = NULL; if (root_inode) { res = d_alloc_anon(root_inode->i_sb); if (res) d_instantiate(res, root_inode); else iput(root_inode); } return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_make_root); static struct dentry *__d_instantiate_anon(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode, bool disconnected) { struct dentry *res; unsigned add_flags; security_d_instantiate(dentry, inode); spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); res = __d_find_any_alias(inode); if (res) { spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); dput(dentry); goto out_iput; } /* attach a disconnected dentry */ add_flags = d_flags_for_inode(inode); if (disconnected) add_flags |= DCACHE_DISCONNECTED; spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); __d_set_inode_and_type(dentry, inode, add_flags); hlist_add_head(&dentry->d_u.d_alias, &inode->i_dentry); if (!disconnected) { hlist_bl_lock(&dentry->d_sb->s_roots); hlist_bl_add_head(&dentry->d_hash, &dentry->d_sb->s_roots); hlist_bl_unlock(&dentry->d_sb->s_roots); } spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); return dentry; out_iput: iput(inode); return res; } struct dentry *d_instantiate_anon(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode) { return __d_instantiate_anon(dentry, inode, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_instantiate_anon); static struct dentry *__d_obtain_alias(struct inode *inode, bool disconnected) { struct dentry *tmp; struct dentry *res; if (!inode) return ERR_PTR(-ESTALE); if (IS_ERR(inode)) return ERR_CAST(inode); res = d_find_any_alias(inode); if (res) goto out_iput; tmp = d_alloc_anon(inode->i_sb); if (!tmp) { res = ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); goto out_iput; } return __d_instantiate_anon(tmp, inode, disconnected); out_iput: iput(inode); return res; } /** * d_obtain_alias - find or allocate a DISCONNECTED dentry for a given inode * @inode: inode to allocate the dentry for * * Obtain a dentry for an inode resulting from NFS filehandle conversion or * similar open by handle operations. The returned dentry may be anonymous, * or may have a full name (if the inode was already in the cache). * * When called on a directory inode, we must ensure that the inode only ever * has one dentry. If a dentry is found, that is returned instead of * allocating a new one. * * On successful return, the reference to the inode has been transferred * to the dentry. In case of an error the reference on the inode is released. * To make it easier to use in export operations a %NULL or IS_ERR inode may * be passed in and the error will be propagated to the return value, * with a %NULL @inode replaced by ERR_PTR(-ESTALE). */ struct dentry *d_obtain_alias(struct inode *inode) { return __d_obtain_alias(inode, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_obtain_alias); /** * d_obtain_root - find or allocate a dentry for a given inode * @inode: inode to allocate the dentry for * * Obtain an IS_ROOT dentry for the root of a filesystem. * * We must ensure that directory inodes only ever have one dentry. If a * dentry is found, that is returned instead of allocating a new one. * * On successful return, the reference to the inode has been transferred * to the dentry. In case of an error the reference on the inode is * released. A %NULL or IS_ERR inode may be passed in and will be the * error will be propagate to the return value, with a %NULL @inode * replaced by ERR_PTR(-ESTALE). */ struct dentry *d_obtain_root(struct inode *inode) { return __d_obtain_alias(inode, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_obtain_root); /** * d_add_ci - lookup or allocate new dentry with case-exact name * @inode: the inode case-insensitive lookup has found * @dentry: the negative dentry that was passed to the parent's lookup func * @name: the case-exact name to be associated with the returned dentry * * This is to avoid filling the dcache with case-insensitive names to the * same inode, only the actual correct case is stored in the dcache for * case-insensitive filesystems. * * For a case-insensitive lookup match and if the the case-exact dentry * already exists in in the dcache, use it and return it. * * If no entry exists with the exact case name, allocate new dentry with * the exact case, and return the spliced entry. */ struct dentry *d_add_ci(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode, struct qstr *name) { struct dentry *found, *res; /* * First check if a dentry matching the name already exists, * if not go ahead and create it now. */ found = d_hash_and_lookup(dentry->d_parent, name); if (found) { iput(inode); return found; } if (d_in_lookup(dentry)) { found = d_alloc_parallel(dentry->d_parent, name, dentry->d_wait); if (IS_ERR(found) || !d_in_lookup(found)) { iput(inode); return found; } } else { found = d_alloc(dentry->d_parent, name); if (!found) { iput(inode); return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); } } res = d_splice_alias(inode, found); if (res) { dput(found); return res; } return found; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_add_ci); static inline bool d_same_name(const struct dentry *dentry, const struct dentry *parent, const struct qstr *name) { if (likely(!(parent->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_COMPARE))) { if (dentry->d_name.len != name->len) return false; return dentry_cmp(dentry, name->name, name->len) == 0; } return parent->d_op->d_compare(dentry, dentry->d_name.len, dentry->d_name.name, name) == 0; } /** * __d_lookup_rcu - search for a dentry (racy, store-free) * @parent: parent dentry * @name: qstr of name we wish to find * @seqp: returns d_seq value at the point where the dentry was found * Returns: dentry, or NULL * * __d_lookup_rcu is the dcache lookup function for rcu-walk name * resolution (store-free path walking) design described in * Documentation/filesystems/path-lookup.txt. * * This is not to be used outside core vfs. * * __d_lookup_rcu must only be used in rcu-walk mode, ie. with vfsmount lock * held, and rcu_read_lock held. The returned dentry must not be stored into * without taking d_lock and checking d_seq sequence count against @seq * returned here. * * A refcount may be taken on the found dentry with the d_rcu_to_refcount * function. * * Alternatively, __d_lookup_rcu may be called again to look up the child of * the returned dentry, so long as its parent's seqlock is checked after the * child is looked up. Thus, an interlocking stepping of sequence lock checks * is formed, giving integrity down the path walk. * * NOTE! The caller *has* to check the resulting dentry against the sequence * number we've returned before using any of the resulting dentry state! */ struct dentry *__d_lookup_rcu(const struct dentry *parent, const struct qstr *name, unsigned *seqp) { u64 hashlen = name->hash_len; const unsigned char *str = name->name; struct hlist_bl_head *b = d_hash(hashlen_hash(hashlen)); struct hlist_bl_node *node; struct dentry *dentry; /* * Note: There is significant duplication with __d_lookup_rcu which is * required to prevent single threaded performance regressions * especially on architectures where smp_rmb (in seqcounts) are costly. * Keep the two functions in sync. */ /* * The hash list is protected using RCU. * * Carefully use d_seq when comparing a candidate dentry, to avoid * races with d_move(). * * It is possible that concurrent renames can mess up our list * walk here and result in missing our dentry, resulting in the * false-negative result. d_lookup() protects against concurrent * renames using rename_lock seqlock. * * See Documentation/filesystems/path-lookup.txt for more details. */ hlist_bl_for_each_entry_rcu(dentry, node, b, d_hash) { unsigned seq; seqretry: /* * The dentry sequence count protects us from concurrent * renames, and thus protects parent and name fields. * * The caller must perform a seqcount check in order * to do anything useful with the returned dentry. * * NOTE! We do a "raw" seqcount_begin here. That means that * we don't wait for the sequence count to stabilize if it * is in the middle of a sequence change. If we do the slow * dentry compare, we will do seqretries until it is stable, * and if we end up with a successful lookup, we actually * want to exit RCU lookup anyway. * * Note that raw_seqcount_begin still *does* smp_rmb(), so * we are still guaranteed NUL-termination of ->d_name.name. */ seq = raw_seqcount_begin(&dentry->d_seq); if (dentry->d_parent != parent) continue; if (d_unhashed(dentry)) continue; if (unlikely(parent->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_COMPARE)) { int tlen; const char *tname; if (dentry->d_name.hash != hashlen_hash(hashlen)) continue; tlen = dentry->d_name.len; tname = dentry->d_name.name; /* we want a consistent (name,len) pair */ if (read_seqcount_retry(&dentry->d_seq, seq)) { cpu_relax(); goto seqretry; } if (parent->d_op->d_compare(dentry, tlen, tname, name) != 0) continue; } else { if (dentry->d_name.hash_len != hashlen) continue; if (dentry_cmp(dentry, str, hashlen_len(hashlen)) != 0) continue; } *seqp = seq; return dentry; } return NULL; } /** * d_lookup - search for a dentry * @parent: parent dentry * @name: qstr of name we wish to find * Returns: dentry, or NULL * * d_lookup searches the children of the parent dentry for the name in * question. If the dentry is found its reference count is incremented and the * dentry is returned. The caller must use dput to free the entry when it has * finished using it. %NULL is returned if the dentry does not exist. */ struct dentry *d_lookup(const struct dentry *parent, const struct qstr *name) { struct dentry *dentry; unsigned seq; do { seq = read_seqbegin(&rename_lock); dentry = __d_lookup(parent, name); if (dentry) break; } while (read_seqretry(&rename_lock, seq)); return dentry; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_lookup); /** * __d_lookup - search for a dentry (racy) * @parent: parent dentry * @name: qstr of name we wish to find * Returns: dentry, or NULL * * __d_lookup is like d_lookup, however it may (rarely) return a * false-negative result due to unrelated rename activity. * * __d_lookup is slightly faster by avoiding rename_lock read seqlock, * however it must be used carefully, eg. with a following d_lookup in * the case of failure. * * __d_lookup callers must be commented. */ struct dentry *__d_lookup(const struct dentry *parent, const struct qstr *name) { unsigned int hash = name->hash; struct hlist_bl_head *b = d_hash(hash); struct hlist_bl_node *node; struct dentry *found = NULL; struct dentry *dentry; /* * Note: There is significant duplication with __d_lookup_rcu which is * required to prevent single threaded performance regressions * especially on architectures where smp_rmb (in seqcounts) are costly. * Keep the two functions in sync. */ /* * The hash list is protected using RCU. * * Take d_lock when comparing a candidate dentry, to avoid races * with d_move(). * * It is possible that concurrent renames can mess up our list * walk here and result in missing our dentry, resulting in the * false-negative result. d_lookup() protects against concurrent * renames using rename_lock seqlock. * * See Documentation/filesystems/path-lookup.txt for more details. */ rcu_read_lock(); hlist_bl_for_each_entry_rcu(dentry, node, b, d_hash) { if (dentry->d_name.hash != hash) continue; spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); if (dentry->d_parent != parent) goto next; if (d_unhashed(dentry)) goto next; if (!d_same_name(dentry, parent, name)) goto next; dentry->d_lockref.count++; found = dentry; spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); break; next: spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); } rcu_read_unlock(); return found; } /** * d_hash_and_lookup - hash the qstr then search for a dentry * @dir: Directory to search in * @name: qstr of name we wish to find * * On lookup failure NULL is returned; on bad name - ERR_PTR(-error) */ struct dentry *d_hash_and_lookup(struct dentry *dir, struct qstr *name) { /* * Check for a fs-specific hash function. Note that we must * calculate the standard hash first, as the d_op->d_hash() * routine may choose to leave the hash value unchanged. */ name->hash = full_name_hash(dir, name->name, name->len); if (dir->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_HASH) { int err = dir->d_op->d_hash(dir, name); if (unlikely(err < 0)) return ERR_PTR(err); } return d_lookup(dir, name); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_hash_and_lookup); /* * When a file is deleted, we have two options: * - turn this dentry into a negative dentry * - unhash this dentry and free it. * * Usually, we want to just turn this into * a negative dentry, but if anybody else is * currently using the dentry or the inode * we can't do that and we fall back on removing * it from the hash queues and waiting for * it to be deleted later when it has no users */ /** * d_delete - delete a dentry * @dentry: The dentry to delete * * Turn the dentry into a negative dentry if possible, otherwise * remove it from the hash queues so it can be deleted later */ void d_delete(struct dentry * dentry) { struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode; spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); /* * Are we the only user? */ if (dentry->d_lockref.count == 1) { dentry->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_CANT_MOUNT; dentry_unlink_inode(dentry); } else { __d_drop(dentry); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_delete); static void __d_rehash(struct dentry *entry) { struct hlist_bl_head *b = d_hash(entry->d_name.hash); hlist_bl_lock(b); hlist_bl_add_head_rcu(&entry->d_hash, b); hlist_bl_unlock(b); } /** * d_rehash - add an entry back to the hash * @entry: dentry to add to the hash * * Adds a dentry to the hash according to its name. */ void d_rehash(struct dentry * entry) { spin_lock(&entry->d_lock); __d_rehash(entry); spin_unlock(&entry->d_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_rehash); static inline unsigned start_dir_add(struct inode *dir) { for (;;) { unsigned n = dir->i_dir_seq; if (!(n & 1) && cmpxchg(&dir->i_dir_seq, n, n + 1) == n) return n; cpu_relax(); } } static inline void end_dir_add(struct inode *dir, unsigned n) { smp_store_release(&dir->i_dir_seq, n + 2); } static void d_wait_lookup(struct dentry *dentry) { if (d_in_lookup(dentry)) { DECLARE_WAITQUEUE(wait, current); add_wait_queue(dentry->d_wait, &wait); do { set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); schedule(); spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); } while (d_in_lookup(dentry)); } } struct dentry *d_alloc_parallel(struct dentry *parent, const struct qstr *name, wait_queue_head_t *wq) { unsigned int hash = name->hash; struct hlist_bl_head *b = in_lookup_hash(parent, hash); struct hlist_bl_node *node; struct dentry *new = d_alloc(parent, name); struct dentry *dentry; unsigned seq, r_seq, d_seq; if (unlikely(!new)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); retry: rcu_read_lock(); seq = smp_load_acquire(&parent->d_inode->i_dir_seq); r_seq = read_seqbegin(&rename_lock); dentry = __d_lookup_rcu(parent, name, &d_seq); if (unlikely(dentry)) { if (!lockref_get_not_dead(&dentry->d_lockref)) { rcu_read_unlock(); goto retry; } if (read_seqcount_retry(&dentry->d_seq, d_seq)) { rcu_read_unlock(); dput(dentry); goto retry; } rcu_read_unlock(); dput(new); return dentry; } if (unlikely(read_seqretry(&rename_lock, r_seq))) { rcu_read_unlock(); goto retry; } if (unlikely(seq & 1)) { rcu_read_unlock(); goto retry; } hlist_bl_lock(b); if (unlikely(READ_ONCE(parent->d_inode->i_dir_seq) != seq)) { hlist_bl_unlock(b); rcu_read_unlock(); goto retry; } /* * No changes for the parent since the beginning of d_lookup(). * Since all removals from the chain happen with hlist_bl_lock(), * any potential in-lookup matches are going to stay here until * we unlock the chain. All fields are stable in everything * we encounter. */ hlist_bl_for_each_entry(dentry, node, b, d_u.d_in_lookup_hash) { if (dentry->d_name.hash != hash) continue; if (dentry->d_parent != parent) continue; if (!d_same_name(dentry, parent, name)) continue; hlist_bl_unlock(b); /* now we can try to grab a reference */ if (!lockref_get_not_dead(&dentry->d_lockref)) { rcu_read_unlock(); goto retry; } rcu_read_unlock(); /* * somebody is likely to be still doing lookup for it; * wait for them to finish */ spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); d_wait_lookup(dentry); /* * it's not in-lookup anymore; in principle we should repeat * everything from dcache lookup, but it's likely to be what * d_lookup() would've found anyway. If it is, just return it; * otherwise we really have to repeat the whole thing. */ if (unlikely(dentry->d_name.hash != hash)) goto mismatch; if (unlikely(dentry->d_parent != parent)) goto mismatch; if (unlikely(d_unhashed(dentry))) goto mismatch; if (unlikely(!d_same_name(dentry, parent, name))) goto mismatch; /* OK, it *is* a hashed match; return it */ spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); dput(new); return dentry; } rcu_read_unlock(); /* we can't take ->d_lock here; it's OK, though. */ new->d_flags |= DCACHE_PAR_LOOKUP; new->d_wait = wq; hlist_bl_add_head_rcu(&new->d_u.d_in_lookup_hash, b); hlist_bl_unlock(b); return new; mismatch: spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); dput(dentry); goto retry; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_alloc_parallel); void __d_lookup_done(struct dentry *dentry) { struct hlist_bl_head *b = in_lookup_hash(dentry->d_parent, dentry->d_name.hash); hlist_bl_lock(b); dentry->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_PAR_LOOKUP; __hlist_bl_del(&dentry->d_u.d_in_lookup_hash); wake_up_all(dentry->d_wait); dentry->d_wait = NULL; hlist_bl_unlock(b); INIT_HLIST_NODE(&dentry->d_u.d_alias); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dentry->d_lru); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__d_lookup_done); /* inode->i_lock held if inode is non-NULL */ static inline void __d_add(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode) { struct inode *dir = NULL; unsigned n; spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); if (unlikely(d_in_lookup(dentry))) { dir = dentry->d_parent->d_inode; n = start_dir_add(dir); __d_lookup_done(dentry); } if (inode) { unsigned add_flags = d_flags_for_inode(inode); hlist_add_head(&dentry->d_u.d_alias, &inode->i_dentry); raw_write_seqcount_begin(&dentry->d_seq); __d_set_inode_and_type(dentry, inode, add_flags); raw_write_seqcount_end(&dentry->d_seq); fsnotify_update_flags(dentry); } __d_rehash(dentry); if (dir) end_dir_add(dir, n); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); if (inode) spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } /** * d_add - add dentry to hash queues * @entry: dentry to add * @inode: The inode to attach to this dentry * * This adds the entry to the hash queues and initializes @inode. * The entry was actually filled in earlier during d_alloc(). */ void d_add(struct dentry *entry, struct inode *inode) { if (inode) { security_d_instantiate(entry, inode); spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); } __d_add(entry, inode); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_add); /** * d_exact_alias - find and hash an exact unhashed alias * @entry: dentry to add * @inode: The inode to go with this dentry * * If an unhashed dentry with the same name/parent and desired * inode already exists, hash and return it. Otherwise, return * NULL. * * Parent directory should be locked. */ struct dentry *d_exact_alias(struct dentry *entry, struct inode *inode) { struct dentry *alias; unsigned int hash = entry->d_name.hash; spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); hlist_for_each_entry(alias, &inode->i_dentry, d_u.d_alias) { /* * Don't need alias->d_lock here, because aliases with * d_parent == entry->d_parent are not subject to name or * parent changes, because the parent inode i_mutex is held. */ if (alias->d_name.hash != hash) continue; if (alias->d_parent != entry->d_parent) continue; if (!d_same_name(alias, entry->d_parent, &entry->d_name)) continue; spin_lock(&alias->d_lock); if (!d_unhashed(alias)) { spin_unlock(&alias->d_lock); alias = NULL; } else { __dget_dlock(alias); __d_rehash(alias); spin_unlock(&alias->d_lock); } spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); return alias; } spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); return NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_exact_alias); static void swap_names(struct dentry *dentry, struct dentry *target) { if (unlikely(dname_external(target))) { if (unlikely(dname_external(dentry))) { /* * Both external: swap the pointers */ swap(target->d_name.name, dentry->d_name.name); } else { /* * dentry:internal, target:external. Steal target's * storage and make target internal. */ memcpy(target->d_iname, dentry->d_name.name, dentry->d_name.len + 1); dentry->d_name.name = target->d_name.name; target->d_name.name = target->d_iname; } } else { if (unlikely(dname_external(dentry))) { /* * dentry:external, target:internal. Give dentry's * storage to target and make dentry internal */ memcpy(dentry->d_iname, target->d_name.name, target->d_name.len + 1); target->d_name.name = dentry->d_name.name; dentry->d_name.name = dentry->d_iname; } else { /* * Both are internal. */ unsigned int i; BUILD_BUG_ON(!IS_ALIGNED(DNAME_INLINE_LEN, sizeof(long))); for (i = 0; i < DNAME_INLINE_LEN / sizeof(long); i++) { swap(((long *) &dentry->d_iname)[i], ((long *) &target->d_iname)[i]); } } } swap(dentry->d_name.hash_len, target->d_name.hash_len); } static void copy_name(struct dentry *dentry, struct dentry *target) { struct external_name *old_name = NULL; if (unlikely(dname_external(dentry))) old_name = external_name(dentry); if (unlikely(dname_external(target))) { atomic_inc(&external_name(target)->u.count); dentry->d_name = target->d_name; } else { memcpy(dentry->d_iname, target->d_name.name, target->d_name.len + 1); dentry->d_name.name = dentry->d_iname; dentry->d_name.hash_len = target->d_name.hash_len; } if (old_name && likely(atomic_dec_and_test(&old_name->u.count))) kfree_rcu(old_name, u.head); } /* * __d_move - move a dentry * @dentry: entry to move * @target: new dentry * @exchange: exchange the two dentries * * Update the dcache to reflect the move of a file name. Negative * dcache entries should not be moved in this way. Caller must hold * rename_lock, the i_mutex of the source and target directories, * and the sb->s_vfs_rename_mutex if they differ. See lock_rename(). */ static void __d_move(struct dentry *dentry, struct dentry *target, bool exchange) { struct dentry *old_parent, *p; struct inode *dir = NULL; unsigned n; WARN_ON(!dentry->d_inode); if (WARN_ON(dentry == target)) return; BUG_ON(d_ancestor(target, dentry)); old_parent = dentry->d_parent; p = d_ancestor(old_parent, target); if (IS_ROOT(dentry)) { BUG_ON(p); spin_lock(&target->d_parent->d_lock); } else if (!p) { /* target is not a descendent of dentry->d_parent */ spin_lock(&target->d_parent->d_lock); spin_lock_nested(&old_parent->d_lock, DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED); } else { BUG_ON(p == dentry); spin_lock(&old_parent->d_lock); if (p != target) spin_lock_nested(&target->d_parent->d_lock, DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED); } spin_lock_nested(&dentry->d_lock, 2); spin_lock_nested(&target->d_lock, 3); if (unlikely(d_in_lookup(target))) { dir = target->d_parent->d_inode; n = start_dir_add(dir); __d_lookup_done(target); } write_seqcount_begin(&dentry->d_seq); write_seqcount_begin_nested(&target->d_seq, DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED); /* unhash both */ if (!d_unhashed(dentry)) ___d_drop(dentry); if (!d_unhashed(target)) ___d_drop(target); /* ... and switch them in the tree */ dentry->d_parent = target->d_parent; if (!exchange) { copy_name(dentry, target); target->d_hash.pprev = NULL; dentry->d_parent->d_lockref.count++; if (dentry != old_parent) /* wasn't IS_ROOT */ WARN_ON(!--old_parent->d_lockref.count); } else { target->d_parent = old_parent; swap_names(dentry, target); list_move(&target->d_child, &target->d_parent->d_subdirs); __d_rehash(target); fsnotify_update_flags(target); } list_move(&dentry->d_child, &dentry->d_parent->d_subdirs); __d_rehash(dentry); fsnotify_update_flags(dentry); fscrypt_handle_d_move(dentry); write_seqcount_end(&target->d_seq); write_seqcount_end(&dentry->d_seq); if (dir) end_dir_add(dir, n); if (dentry->d_parent != old_parent) spin_unlock(&dentry->d_parent->d_lock); if (dentry != old_parent) spin_unlock(&old_parent->d_lock); spin_unlock(&target->d_lock); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); } /* * d_move - move a dentry * @dentry: entry to move * @target: new dentry * * Update the dcache to reflect the move of a file name. Negative * dcache entries should not be moved in this way. See the locking * requirements for __d_move. */ void d_move(struct dentry *dentry, struct dentry *target) { write_seqlock(&rename_lock); __d_move(dentry, target, false); write_sequnlock(&rename_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_move); /* * d_exchange - exchange two dentries * @dentry1: first dentry * @dentry2: second dentry */ void d_exchange(struct dentry *dentry1, struct dentry *dentry2) { write_seqlock(&rename_lock); WARN_ON(!dentry1->d_inode); WARN_ON(!dentry2->d_inode); WARN_ON(IS_ROOT(dentry1)); WARN_ON(IS_ROOT(dentry2)); __d_move(dentry1, dentry2, true); write_sequnlock(&rename_lock); } /** * d_ancestor - search for an ancestor * @p1: ancestor dentry * @p2: child dentry * * Returns the ancestor dentry of p2 which is a child of p1, if p1 is * an ancestor of p2, else NULL. */ struct dentry *d_ancestor(struct dentry *p1, struct dentry *p2) { struct dentry *p; for (p = p2; !IS_ROOT(p); p = p->d_parent) { if (p->d_parent == p1) return p; } return NULL; } /* * This helper attempts to cope with remotely renamed directories * * It assumes that the caller is already holding * dentry->d_parent->d_inode->i_mutex, and rename_lock * * Note: If ever the locking in lock_rename() changes, then please * remember to update this too... */ static int __d_unalias(struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry, struct dentry *alias) { struct mutex *m1 = NULL; struct rw_semaphore *m2 = NULL; int ret = -ESTALE; /* If alias and dentry share a parent, then no extra locks required */ if (alias->d_parent == dentry->d_parent) goto out_unalias; /* See lock_rename() */ if (!mutex_trylock(&dentry->d_sb->s_vfs_rename_mutex)) goto out_err; m1 = &dentry->d_sb->s_vfs_rename_mutex; if (!inode_trylock_shared(alias->d_parent->d_inode)) goto out_err; m2 = &alias->d_parent->d_inode->i_rwsem; out_unalias: __d_move(alias, dentry, false); ret = 0; out_err: if (m2) up_read(m2); if (m1) mutex_unlock(m1); return ret; } /** * d_splice_alias - splice a disconnected dentry into the tree if one exists * @inode: the inode which may have a disconnected dentry * @dentry: a negative dentry which we want to point to the inode. * * If inode is a directory and has an IS_ROOT alias, then d_move that in * place of the given dentry and return it, else simply d_add the inode * to the dentry and return NULL. * * If a non-IS_ROOT directory is found, the filesystem is corrupt, and * we should error out: directories can't have multiple aliases. * * This is needed in the lookup routine of any filesystem that is exportable * (via knfsd) so that we can build dcache paths to directories effectively. * * If a dentry was found and moved, then it is returned. Otherwise NULL * is returned. This matches the expected return value of ->lookup. * * Cluster filesystems may call this function with a negative, hashed dentry. * In that case, we know that the inode will be a regular file, and also this * will only occur during atomic_open. So we need to check for the dentry * being already hashed only in the final case. */ struct dentry *d_splice_alias(struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry) { if (IS_ERR(inode)) return ERR_CAST(inode); BUG_ON(!d_unhashed(dentry)); if (!inode) goto out; security_d_instantiate(dentry, inode); spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) { struct dentry *new = __d_find_any_alias(inode); if (unlikely(new)) { /* The reference to new ensures it remains an alias */ spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); write_seqlock(&rename_lock); if (unlikely(d_ancestor(new, dentry))) { write_sequnlock(&rename_lock); dput(new); new = ERR_PTR(-ELOOP); pr_warn_ratelimited( "VFS: Lookup of '%s' in %s %s" " would have caused loop\n", dentry->d_name.name, inode->i_sb->s_type->name, inode->i_sb->s_id); } else if (!IS_ROOT(new)) { struct dentry *old_parent = dget(new->d_parent); int err = __d_unalias(inode, dentry, new); write_sequnlock(&rename_lock); if (err) { dput(new); new = ERR_PTR(err); } dput(old_parent); } else { __d_move(new, dentry, false); write_sequnlock(&rename_lock); } iput(inode); return new; } } out: __d_add(dentry, inode); return NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_splice_alias); /* * Test whether new_dentry is a subdirectory of old_dentry. * * Trivially implemented using the dcache structure */ /** * is_subdir - is new dentry a subdirectory of old_dentry * @new_dentry: new dentry * @old_dentry: old dentry * * Returns true if new_dentry is a subdirectory of the parent (at any depth). * Returns false otherwise. * Caller must ensure that "new_dentry" is pinned before calling is_subdir() */ bool is_subdir(struct dentry *new_dentry, struct dentry *old_dentry) { bool result; unsigned seq; if (new_dentry == old_dentry) return true; do { /* for restarting inner loop in case of seq retry */ seq = read_seqbegin(&rename_lock); /* * Need rcu_readlock to protect against the d_parent trashing * due to d_move */ rcu_read_lock(); if (d_ancestor(old_dentry, new_dentry)) result = true; else result = false; rcu_read_unlock(); } while (read_seqretry(&rename_lock, seq)); return result; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(is_subdir); static enum d_walk_ret d_genocide_kill(void *data, struct dentry *dentry) { struct dentry *root = data; if (dentry != root) { if (d_unhashed(dentry) || !dentry->d_inode) return D_WALK_SKIP; if (!(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_GENOCIDE)) { dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_GENOCIDE; dentry->d_lockref.count--; } } return D_WALK_CONTINUE; } void d_genocide(struct dentry *parent) { d_walk(parent, parent, d_genocide_kill); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_genocide); void d_tmpfile(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode) { inode_dec_link_count(inode); BUG_ON(dentry->d_name.name != dentry->d_iname || !hlist_unhashed(&dentry->d_u.d_alias) || !d_unlinked(dentry)); spin_lock(&dentry->d_parent->d_lock); spin_lock_nested(&dentry->d_lock, DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED); dentry->d_name.len = sprintf(dentry->d_iname, "#%llu", (unsigned long long)inode->i_ino); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_parent->d_lock); d_instantiate(dentry, inode); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_tmpfile); static __initdata unsigned long dhash_entries; static int __init set_dhash_entries(char *str) { if (!str) return 0; dhash_entries = simple_strtoul(str, &str, 0); return 1; } __setup("dhash_entries=", set_dhash_entries); static void __init dcache_init_early(void) { /* If hashes are distributed across NUMA nodes, defer * hash allocation until vmalloc space is available. */ if (hashdist) return; dentry_hashtable = alloc_large_system_hash("Dentry cache", sizeof(struct hlist_bl_head), dhash_entries, 13, HASH_EARLY | HASH_ZERO, &d_hash_shift, NULL, 0, 0); d_hash_shift = 32 - d_hash_shift; } static void __init dcache_init(void) { /* * A constructor could be added for stable state like the lists, * but it is probably not worth it because of the cache nature * of the dcache. */ dentry_cache = KMEM_CACHE_USERCOPY(dentry, SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT|SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_MEM_SPREAD|SLAB_ACCOUNT, d_iname); /* Hash may have been set up in dcache_init_early */ if (!hashdist) return; dentry_hashtable = alloc_large_system_hash("Dentry cache", sizeof(struct hlist_bl_head), dhash_entries, 13, HASH_ZERO, &d_hash_shift, NULL, 0, 0); d_hash_shift = 32 - d_hash_shift; } /* SLAB cache for __getname() consumers */ struct kmem_cache *names_cachep __read_mostly; EXPORT_SYMBOL(names_cachep); void __init vfs_caches_init_early(void) { int i; for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(in_lookup_hashtable); i++) INIT_HLIST_BL_HEAD(&in_lookup_hashtable[i]); dcache_init_early(); inode_init_early(); } void __init vfs_caches_init(void) { names_cachep = kmem_cache_create_usercopy("names_cache", PATH_MAX, 0, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC, 0, PATH_MAX, NULL); dcache_init(); inode_init(); files_init(); files_maxfiles_init(); mnt_init(); bdev_cache_init(); chrdev_init(); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _FAT_H #define _FAT_H #include <linux/buffer_head.h> #include <linux/nls.h> #include <linux/hash.h> #include <linux/ratelimit.h> #include <linux/msdos_fs.h> /* * vfat shortname flags */ #define VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_LOWER 0x0001 /* convert to lowercase for display */ #define VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_WIN95 0x0002 /* emulate win95 rule for display */ #define VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_WINNT 0x0004 /* emulate winnt rule for display */ #define VFAT_SFN_CREATE_WIN95 0x0100 /* emulate win95 rule for create */ #define VFAT_SFN_CREATE_WINNT 0x0200 /* emulate winnt rule for create */ #define FAT_ERRORS_CONT 1 /* ignore error and continue */ #define FAT_ERRORS_PANIC 2 /* panic on error */ #define FAT_ERRORS_RO 3 /* remount r/o on error */ #define FAT_NFS_STALE_RW 1 /* NFS RW support, can cause ESTALE */ #define FAT_NFS_NOSTALE_RO 2 /* NFS RO support, no ESTALE issue */ struct fat_mount_options { kuid_t fs_uid; kgid_t fs_gid; unsigned short fs_fmask; unsigned short fs_dmask; unsigned short codepage; /* Codepage for shortname conversions */ int time_offset; /* Offset of timestamps from UTC (in minutes) */ char *iocharset; /* Charset used for filename input/display */ unsigned short shortname; /* flags for shortname display/create rule */ unsigned char name_check; /* r = relaxed, n = normal, s = strict */ unsigned char errors; /* On error: continue, panic, remount-ro */ unsigned char nfs; /* NFS support: nostale_ro, stale_rw */ unsigned short allow_utime;/* permission for setting the [am]time */ unsigned quiet:1, /* set = fake successful chmods and chowns */ showexec:1, /* set = only set x bit for com/exe/bat */ sys_immutable:1, /* set = system files are immutable */ dotsOK:1, /* set = hidden and system files are named '.filename' */ isvfat:1, /* 0=no vfat long filename support, 1=vfat support */ utf8:1, /* Use of UTF-8 character set (Default) */ unicode_xlate:1, /* create escape sequences for unhandled Unicode */ numtail:1, /* Does first alias have a numeric '~1' type tail? */ flush:1, /* write things quickly */ nocase:1, /* Does this need case conversion? 0=need case conversion*/ usefree:1, /* Use free_clusters for FAT32 */ tz_set:1, /* Filesystem timestamps' offset set */ rodir:1, /* allow ATTR_RO for directory */ discard:1, /* Issue discard requests on deletions */ dos1xfloppy:1; /* Assume default BPB for DOS 1.x floppies */ }; #define FAT_HASH_BITS 8 #define FAT_HASH_SIZE (1UL << FAT_HASH_BITS) /* * MS-DOS file system in-core superblock data */ struct msdos_sb_info { unsigned short sec_per_clus; /* sectors/cluster */ unsigned short cluster_bits; /* log2(cluster_size) */ unsigned int cluster_size; /* cluster size */ unsigned char fats, fat_bits; /* number of FATs, FAT bits (12,16 or 32) */ unsigned short fat_start; unsigned long fat_length; /* FAT start & length (sec.) */ unsigned long dir_start; unsigned short dir_entries; /* root dir start & entries */ unsigned long data_start; /* first data sector */ unsigned long max_cluster; /* maximum cluster number */ unsigned long root_cluster; /* first cluster of the root directory */ unsigned long fsinfo_sector; /* sector number of FAT32 fsinfo */ struct mutex fat_lock; struct mutex nfs_build_inode_lock; struct mutex s_lock; unsigned int prev_free; /* previously allocated cluster number */ unsigned int free_clusters; /* -1 if undefined */ unsigned int free_clus_valid; /* is free_clusters valid? */ struct fat_mount_options options; struct nls_table *nls_disk; /* Codepage used on disk */ struct nls_table *nls_io; /* Charset used for input and display */ const void *dir_ops; /* Opaque; default directory operations */ int dir_per_block; /* dir entries per block */ int dir_per_block_bits; /* log2(dir_per_block) */ unsigned int vol_id; /*volume ID*/ int fatent_shift; const struct fatent_operations *fatent_ops; struct inode *fat_inode; struct inode *fsinfo_inode; struct ratelimit_state ratelimit; spinlock_t inode_hash_lock; struct hlist_head inode_hashtable[FAT_HASH_SIZE]; spinlock_t dir_hash_lock; struct hlist_head dir_hashtable[FAT_HASH_SIZE]; unsigned int dirty; /* fs state before mount */ struct rcu_head rcu; }; #define FAT_CACHE_VALID 0 /* special case for valid cache */ /* * MS-DOS file system inode data in memory */ struct msdos_inode_info { spinlock_t cache_lru_lock; struct list_head cache_lru; int nr_caches; /* for avoiding the race between fat_free() and fat_get_cluster() */ unsigned int cache_valid_id; /* NOTE: mmu_private is 64bits, so must hold ->i_mutex to access */ loff_t mmu_private; /* physically allocated size */ int i_start; /* first cluster or 0 */ int i_logstart; /* logical first cluster */ int i_attrs; /* unused attribute bits */ loff_t i_pos; /* on-disk position of directory entry or 0 */ struct hlist_node i_fat_hash; /* hash by i_location */ struct hlist_node i_dir_hash; /* hash by i_logstart */ struct rw_semaphore truncate_lock; /* protect bmap against truncate */ struct inode vfs_inode; }; struct fat_slot_info { loff_t i_pos; /* on-disk position of directory entry */ loff_t slot_off; /* offset for slot or de start */ int nr_slots; /* number of slots + 1(de) in filename */ struct msdos_dir_entry *de; struct buffer_head *bh; }; static inline struct msdos_sb_info *MSDOS_SB(struct super_block *sb) { return sb->s_fs_info; } /* * Functions that determine the variant of the FAT file system (i.e., * whether this is FAT12, FAT16 or FAT32. */ static inline bool is_fat12(const struct msdos_sb_info *sbi) { return sbi->fat_bits == 12; } static inline bool is_fat16(const struct msdos_sb_info *sbi) { return sbi->fat_bits == 16; } static inline bool is_fat32(const struct msdos_sb_info *sbi) { return sbi->fat_bits == 32; } /* Maximum number of clusters */ static inline u32 max_fat(struct super_block *sb) { struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(sb); return is_fat32(sbi) ? MAX_FAT32 : is_fat16(sbi) ? MAX_FAT16 : MAX_FAT12; } static inline struct msdos_inode_info *MSDOS_I(struct inode *inode) { return container_of(inode, struct msdos_inode_info, vfs_inode); } /* * If ->i_mode can't hold S_IWUGO (i.e. ATTR_RO), we use ->i_attrs to * save ATTR_RO instead of ->i_mode. * * If it's directory and !sbi->options.rodir, ATTR_RO isn't read-only * bit, it's just used as flag for app. */ static inline int fat_mode_can_hold_ro(struct inode *inode) { struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(inode->i_sb); umode_t mask; if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) { if (!sbi->options.rodir) return 0; mask = ~sbi->options.fs_dmask; } else mask = ~sbi->options.fs_fmask; if (!(mask & S_IWUGO)) return 0; return 1; } /* Convert attribute bits and a mask to the UNIX mode. */ static inline umode_t fat_make_mode(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, u8 attrs, umode_t mode) { if (attrs & ATTR_RO && !((attrs & ATTR_DIR) && !sbi->options.rodir)) mode &= ~S_IWUGO; if (attrs & ATTR_DIR) return (mode & ~sbi->options.fs_dmask) | S_IFDIR; else return (mode & ~sbi->options.fs_fmask) | S_IFREG; } /* Return the FAT attribute byte for this inode */ static inline u8 fat_make_attrs(struct inode *inode) { u8 attrs = MSDOS_I(inode)->i_attrs; if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) attrs |= ATTR_DIR; if (fat_mode_can_hold_ro(inode) && !(inode->i_mode & S_IWUGO)) attrs |= ATTR_RO; return attrs; } static inline void fat_save_attrs(struct inode *inode, u8 attrs) { if (fat_mode_can_hold_ro(inode)) MSDOS_I(inode)->i_attrs = attrs & ATTR_UNUSED; else MSDOS_I(inode)->i_attrs = attrs & (ATTR_UNUSED | ATTR_RO); } static inline unsigned char fat_checksum(const __u8 *name) { unsigned char s = name[0]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[1]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[2]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[3]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[4]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[5]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[6]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[7]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[8]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[9]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[10]; return s; } static inline sector_t fat_clus_to_blknr(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, int clus) { return ((sector_t)clus - FAT_START_ENT) * sbi->sec_per_clus + sbi->data_start; } static inline void fat_get_blknr_offset(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, loff_t i_pos, sector_t *blknr, int *offset) { *blknr = i_pos >> sbi->dir_per_block_bits; *offset = i_pos & (sbi->dir_per_block - 1); } static inline loff_t fat_i_pos_read(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, struct inode *inode) { loff_t i_pos; #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 spin_lock(&sbi->inode_hash_lock); #endif i_pos = MSDOS_I(inode)->i_pos; #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 spin_unlock(&sbi->inode_hash_lock); #endif return i_pos; } static inline void fat16_towchar(wchar_t *dst, const __u8 *src, size_t len) { #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN while (len--) { *dst++ = src[0] | (src[1] << 8); src += 2; } #else memcpy(dst, src, len * 2); #endif } static inline int fat_get_start(const struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, const struct msdos_dir_entry *de) { int cluster = le16_to_cpu(de->start); if (is_fat32(sbi)) cluster |= (le16_to_cpu(de->starthi) << 16); return cluster; } static inline void fat_set_start(struct msdos_dir_entry *de, int cluster) { de->start = cpu_to_le16(cluster); de->starthi = cpu_to_le16(cluster >> 16); } static inline void fatwchar_to16(__u8 *dst, const wchar_t *src, size_t len) { #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN while (len--) { dst[0] = *src & 0x00FF; dst[1] = (*src & 0xFF00) >> 8; dst += 2; src++; } #else memcpy(dst, src, len * 2); #endif } /* fat/cache.c */ extern void fat_cache_inval_inode(struct inode *inode); extern int fat_get_cluster(struct inode *inode, int cluster, int *fclus, int *dclus); extern int fat_get_mapped_cluster(struct inode *inode, sector_t sector, sector_t last_block, unsigned long *mapped_blocks, sector_t *bmap); extern int fat_bmap(struct inode *inode, sector_t sector, sector_t *phys, unsigned long *mapped_blocks, int create, bool from_bmap); /* fat/dir.c */ extern const struct file_operations fat_dir_operations; extern int fat_search_long(struct inode *inode, const unsigned char *name, int name_len, struct fat_slot_info *sinfo); extern int fat_dir_empty(struct inode *dir); extern int fat_subdirs(struct inode *dir); extern int fat_scan(struct inode *dir, const unsigned char *name, struct fat_slot_info *sinfo); extern int fat_scan_logstart(struct inode *dir, int i_logstart, struct fat_slot_info *sinfo); extern int fat_get_dotdot_entry(struct inode *dir, struct buffer_head **bh, struct msdos_dir_entry **de); extern int fat_alloc_new_dir(struct inode *dir, struct timespec64 *ts); extern int fat_add_entries(struct inode *dir, void *slots, int nr_slots, struct fat_slot_info *sinfo); extern int fat_remove_entries(struct inode *dir, struct fat_slot_info *sinfo); /* fat/fatent.c */ struct fat_entry { int entry; union { u8 *ent12_p[2]; __le16 *ent16_p; __le32 *ent32_p; } u; int nr_bhs; struct buffer_head *bhs[2]; struct inode *fat_inode; }; static inline void fatent_init(struct fat_entry *fatent) { fatent->nr_bhs = 0; fatent->entry = 0; fatent->u.ent32_p = NULL; fatent->bhs[0] = fatent->bhs[1] = NULL; fatent->fat_inode = NULL; } static inline void fatent_set_entry(struct fat_entry *fatent, int entry) { fatent->entry = entry; fatent->u.ent32_p = NULL; } static inline void fatent_brelse(struct fat_entry *fatent) { int i; fatent->u.ent32_p = NULL; for (i = 0; i < fatent->nr_bhs; i++) brelse(fatent->bhs[i]); fatent->nr_bhs = 0; fatent->bhs[0] = fatent->bhs[1] = NULL; fatent->fat_inode = NULL; } static inline bool fat_valid_entry(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, int entry) { return FAT_START_ENT <= entry && entry < sbi->max_cluster; } extern void fat_ent_access_init(struct super_block *sb); extern int fat_ent_read(struct inode *inode, struct fat_entry *fatent, int entry); extern int fat_ent_write(struct inode *inode, struct fat_entry *fatent, int new, int wait); extern int fat_alloc_clusters(struct inode *inode, int *cluster, int nr_cluster); extern int fat_free_clusters(struct inode *inode, int cluster); extern int fat_count_free_clusters(struct super_block *sb); extern int fat_trim_fs(struct inode *inode, struct fstrim_range *range); /* fat/file.c */ extern long fat_generic_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); extern const struct file_operations fat_file_operations; extern const struct inode_operations fat_file_inode_operations; extern int fat_setattr(struct dentry *dentry, struct iattr *attr); extern void fat_truncate_blocks(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset); extern int fat_getattr(const struct path *path, struct kstat *stat, u32 request_mask, unsigned int flags); extern int fat_file_fsync(struct file *file, loff_t start, loff_t end, int datasync); /* fat/inode.c */ extern int fat_block_truncate_page(struct inode *inode, loff_t from); extern void fat_attach(struct inode *inode, loff_t i_pos); extern void fat_detach(struct inode *inode); extern struct inode *fat_iget(struct super_block *sb, loff_t i_pos); extern struct inode *fat_build_inode(struct super_block *sb, struct msdos_dir_entry *de, loff_t i_pos); extern int fat_sync_inode(struct inode *inode); extern int fat_fill_super(struct super_block *sb, void *data, int silent, int isvfat, void (*setup)(struct super_block *)); extern int fat_fill_inode(struct inode *inode, struct msdos_dir_entry *de); extern int fat_flush_inodes(struct super_block *sb, struct inode *i1, struct inode *i2); static inline unsigned long fat_dir_hash(int logstart) { return hash_32(logstart, FAT_HASH_BITS); } extern int fat_add_cluster(struct inode *inode); /* fat/misc.c */ extern __printf(3, 4) __cold void __fat_fs_error(struct super_block *sb, int report, const char *fmt, ...); #define fat_fs_error(sb, fmt, args...) \ __fat_fs_error(sb, 1, fmt , ## args) #define fat_fs_error_ratelimit(sb, fmt, args...) \ __fat_fs_error(sb, __ratelimit(&MSDOS_SB(sb)->ratelimit), fmt , ## args) __printf(3, 4) __cold void fat_msg(struct super_block *sb, const char *level, const char *fmt, ...); #define fat_msg_ratelimit(sb, level, fmt, args...) \ do { \ if (__ratelimit(&MSDOS_SB(sb)->ratelimit)) \ fat_msg(sb, level, fmt, ## args); \ } while (0) extern int fat_clusters_flush(struct super_block *sb); extern int fat_chain_add(struct inode *inode, int new_dclus, int nr_cluster); extern void fat_time_fat2unix(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, struct timespec64 *ts, __le16 __time, __le16 __date, u8 time_cs); extern void fat_time_unix2fat(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, struct timespec64 *ts, __le16 *time, __le16 *date, u8 *time_cs); extern int fat_truncate_time(struct inode *inode, struct timespec64 *now, int flags); extern int fat_update_time(struct inode *inode, struct timespec64 *now, int flags); extern int fat_sync_bhs(struct buffer_head **bhs, int nr_bhs); int fat_cache_init(void); void fat_cache_destroy(void); /* fat/nfs.c */ extern const struct export_operations fat_export_ops; extern const struct export_operations fat_export_ops_nostale; /* helper for printk */ typedef unsigned long long llu; #endif /* !_FAT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note */ #ifndef _UAPI_LINUX_SWAB_H #define _UAPI_LINUX_SWAB_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <asm/bitsperlong.h> #include <asm/swab.h> /* * casts are necessary for constants, because we never know how for sure * how U/UL/ULL map to __u16, __u32, __u64. At least not in a portable way. */ #define ___constant_swab16(x) ((__u16)( \ (((__u16)(x) & (__u16)0x00ffU) << 8) | \ (((__u16)(x) & (__u16)0xff00U) >> 8))) #define ___constant_swab32(x) ((__u32)( \ (((__u32)(x) & (__u32)0x000000ffUL) << 24) | \ (((__u32)(x) & (__u32)0x0000ff00UL) << 8) | \ (((__u32)(x) & (__u32)0x00ff0000UL) >> 8) | \ (((__u32)(x) & (__u32)0xff000000UL) >> 24))) #define ___constant_swab64(x) ((__u64)( \ (((__u64)(x) & (__u64)0x00000000000000ffULL) << 56) | \ (((__u64)(x) & (__u64)0x000000000000ff00ULL) << 40) | \ (((__u64)(x) & (__u64)0x0000000000ff0000ULL) << 24) | \ (((__u64)(x) & (__u64)0x00000000ff000000ULL) << 8) | \ (((__u64)(x) & (__u64)0x000000ff00000000ULL) >> 8) | \ (((__u64)(x) & (__u64)0x0000ff0000000000ULL) >> 24) | \ (((__u64)(x) & (__u64)0x00ff000000000000ULL) >> 40) | \ (((__u64)(x) & (__u64)0xff00000000000000ULL) >> 56))) #define ___constant_swahw32(x) ((__u32)( \ (((__u32)(x) & (__u32)0x0000ffffUL) << 16) | \ (((__u32)(x) & (__u32)0xffff0000UL) >> 16))) #define ___constant_swahb32(x) ((__u32)( \ (((__u32)(x) & (__u32)0x00ff00ffUL) << 8) | \ (((__u32)(x) & (__u32)0xff00ff00UL) >> 8))) /* * Implement the following as inlines, but define the interface using * macros to allow constant folding when possible: * ___swab16, ___swab32, ___swab64, ___swahw32, ___swahb32 */ static inline __attribute_const__ __u16 __fswab16(__u16 val) { #if defined (__arch_swab16) return __arch_swab16(val); #else return ___constant_swab16(val); #endif } static inline __attribute_const__ __u32 __fswab32(__u32 val) { #if defined(__arch_swab32) return __arch_swab32(val); #else return ___constant_swab32(val); #endif } static inline __attribute_const__ __u64 __fswab64(__u64 val) { #if defined (__arch_swab64) return __arch_swab64(val); #elif defined(__SWAB_64_THRU_32__) __u32 h = val >> 32; __u32 l = val & ((1ULL << 32) - 1); return (((__u64)__fswab32(l)) << 32) | ((__u64)(__fswab32(h))); #else return ___constant_swab64(val); #endif } static inline __attribute_const__ __u32 __fswahw32(__u32 val) { #ifdef __arch_swahw32 return __arch_swahw32(val); #else return ___constant_swahw32(val); #endif } static inline __attribute_const__ __u32 __fswahb32(__u32 val) { #ifdef __arch_swahb32 return __arch_swahb32(val); #else return ___constant_swahb32(val); #endif } /** * __swab16 - return a byteswapped 16-bit value * @x: value to byteswap */ #ifdef __HAVE_BUILTIN_BSWAP16__ #define __swab16(x) (__u16)__builtin_bswap16((__u16)(x)) #else #define __swab16(x) \ (__builtin_constant_p((__u16)(x)) ? \ ___constant_swab16(x) : \ __fswab16(x)) #endif /** * __swab32 - return a byteswapped 32-bit value * @x: value to byteswap */ #ifdef __HAVE_BUILTIN_BSWAP32__ #define __swab32(x) (__u32)__builtin_bswap32((__u32)(x)) #else #define __swab32(x) \ (__builtin_constant_p((__u32)(x)) ? \ ___constant_swab32(x) : \ __fswab32(x)) #endif /** * __swab64 - return a byteswapped 64-bit value * @x: value to byteswap */ #ifdef __HAVE_BUILTIN_BSWAP64__ #define __swab64(x) (__u64)__builtin_bswap64((__u64)(x)) #else #define __swab64(x) \ (__builtin_constant_p((__u64)(x)) ? \ ___constant_swab64(x) : \ __fswab64(x)) #endif static __always_inline unsigned long __swab(const unsigned long y) { #if __BITS_PER_LONG == 64 return __swab64(y); #else /* __BITS_PER_LONG == 32 */ return __swab32(y); #endif } /** * __swahw32 - return a word-swapped 32-bit value * @x: value to wordswap * * __swahw32(0x12340000) is 0x00001234 */ #define __swahw32(x) \ (__builtin_constant_p((__u32)(x)) ? \ ___constant_swahw32(x) : \ __fswahw32(x)) /** * __swahb32 - return a high and low byte-swapped 32-bit value * @x: value to byteswap * * __swahb32(0x12345678) is 0x34127856 */ #define __swahb32(x) \ (__builtin_constant_p((__u32)(x)) ? \ ___constant_swahb32(x) : \ __fswahb32(x)) /** * __swab16p - return a byteswapped 16-bit value from a pointer * @p: pointer to a naturally-aligned 16-bit value */ static __always_inline __u16 __swab16p(const __u16 *p) { #ifdef __arch_swab16p return __arch_swab16p(p); #else return __swab16(*p); #endif } /** * __swab32p - return a byteswapped 32-bit value from a pointer * @p: pointer to a naturally-aligned 32-bit value */ static __always_inline __u32 __swab32p(const __u32 *p) { #ifdef __arch_swab32p return __arch_swab32p(p); #else return __swab32(*p); #endif } /** * __swab64p - return a byteswapped 64-bit value from a pointer * @p: pointer to a naturally-aligned 64-bit value */ static __always_inline __u64 __swab64p(const __u64 *p) { #ifdef __arch_swab64p return __arch_swab64p(p); #else return __swab64(*p); #endif } /** * __swahw32p - return a wordswapped 32-bit value from a pointer * @p: pointer to a naturally-aligned 32-bit value * * See __swahw32() for details of wordswapping. */ static inline __u32 __swahw32p(const __u32 *p) { #ifdef __arch_swahw32p return __arch_swahw32p(p); #else return __swahw32(*p); #endif } /** * __swahb32p - return a high and low byteswapped 32-bit value from a pointer * @p: pointer to a naturally-aligned 32-bit value * * See __swahb32() for details of high/low byteswapping. */ static inline __u32 __swahb32p(const __u32 *p) { #ifdef __arch_swahb32p return __arch_swahb32p(p); #else return __swahb32(*p); #endif } /** * __swab16s - byteswap a 16-bit value in-place * @p: pointer to a naturally-aligned 16-bit value */ static inline void __swab16s(__u16 *p) { #ifdef __arch_swab16s __arch_swab16s(p); #else *p = __swab16p(p); #endif } /** * __swab32s - byteswap a 32-bit value in-place * @p: pointer to a naturally-aligned 32-bit value */ static __always_inline void __swab32s(__u32 *p) { #ifdef __arch_swab32s __arch_swab32s(p); #else *p = __swab32p(p); #endif } /** * __swab64s - byteswap a 64-bit value in-place * @p: pointer to a naturally-aligned 64-bit value */ static __always_inline void __swab64s(__u64 *p) { #ifdef __arch_swab64s __arch_swab64s(p); #else *p = __swab64p(p); #endif } /** * __swahw32s - wordswap a 32-bit value in-place * @p: pointer to a naturally-aligned 32-bit value * * See __swahw32() for details of wordswapping */ static inline void __swahw32s(__u32 *p) { #ifdef __arch_swahw32s __arch_swahw32s(p); #else *p = __swahw32p(p); #endif } /** * __swahb32s - high and low byteswap a 32-bit value in-place * @p: pointer to a naturally-aligned 32-bit value * * See __swahb32() for details of high and low byte swapping */ static inline void __swahb32s(__u32 *p) { #ifdef __arch_swahb32s __arch_swahb32s(p); #else *p = __swahb32p(p); #endif } #endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_SWAB_H */
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949 950 951 952 953 954 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * device.h - generic, centralized driver model * * Copyright (c) 2001-2003 Patrick Mochel <mochel@osdl.org> * Copyright (c) 2004-2009 Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de> * Copyright (c) 2008-2009 Novell Inc. * * See Documentation/driver-api/driver-model/ for more information. */ #ifndef _DEVICE_H_ #define _DEVICE_H_ #include <linux/dev_printk.h> #include <linux/energy_model.h> #include <linux/ioport.h> #include <linux/kobject.h> #include <linux/klist.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/pm.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/overflow.h> #include <linux/device/bus.h> #include <linux/device/class.h> #include <linux/device/driver.h> #include <asm/device.h> struct device; struct device_private; struct device_driver; struct driver_private; struct module; struct class; struct subsys_private; struct device_node; struct fwnode_handle; struct iommu_ops; struct iommu_group; struct dev_pin_info; struct dev_iommu; /** * struct subsys_interface - interfaces to device functions * @name: name of the device function * @subsys: subsytem of the devices to attach to * @node: the list of functions registered at the subsystem * @add_dev: device hookup to device function handler * @remove_dev: device hookup to device function handler * * Simple interfaces attached to a subsystem. Multiple interfaces can * attach to a subsystem and its devices. Unlike drivers, they do not * exclusively claim or control devices. Interfaces usually represent * a specific functionality of a subsystem/class of devices. */ struct subsys_interface { const char *name; struct bus_type *subsys; struct list_head node; int (*add_dev)(struct device *dev, struct subsys_interface *sif); void (*remove_dev)(struct device *dev, struct subsys_interface *sif); }; int subsys_interface_register(struct subsys_interface *sif); void subsys_interface_unregister(struct subsys_interface *sif); int subsys_system_register(struct bus_type *subsys, const struct attribute_group **groups); int subsys_virtual_register(struct bus_type *subsys, const struct attribute_group **groups); /* * The type of device, "struct device" is embedded in. A class * or bus can contain devices of different types * like "partitions" and "disks", "mouse" and "event". * This identifies the device type and carries type-specific * information, equivalent to the kobj_type of a kobject. * If "name" is specified, the uevent will contain it in * the DEVTYPE variable. */ struct device_type { const char *name; const struct attribute_group **groups; int (*uevent)(struct device *dev, struct kobj_uevent_env *env); char *(*devnode)(struct device *dev, umode_t *mode, kuid_t *uid, kgid_t *gid); void (*release)(struct device *dev); const struct dev_pm_ops *pm; }; /* interface for exporting device attributes */ struct device_attribute { struct attribute attr; ssize_t (*show)(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t (*store)(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count); }; struct dev_ext_attribute { struct device_attribute attr; void *var; }; ssize_t device_show_ulong(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t device_store_ulong(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count); ssize_t device_show_int(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t device_store_int(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count); ssize_t device_show_bool(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t device_store_bool(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count); #define DEVICE_ATTR(_name, _mode, _show, _store) \ struct device_attribute dev_attr_##_name = __ATTR(_name, _mode, _show, _store) #define DEVICE_ATTR_PREALLOC(_name, _mode, _show, _store) \ struct device_attribute dev_attr_##_name = \ __ATTR_PREALLOC(_name, _mode, _show, _store) #define DEVICE_ATTR_RW(_name) \ struct device_attribute dev_attr_##_name = __ATTR_RW(_name) #define DEVICE_ATTR_ADMIN_RW(_name) \ struct device_attribute dev_attr_##_name = __ATTR_RW_MODE(_name, 0600) #define DEVICE_ATTR_RO(_name) \ struct device_attribute dev_attr_##_name = __ATTR_RO(_name) #define DEVICE_ATTR_ADMIN_RO(_name) \ struct device_attribute dev_attr_##_name = __ATTR_RO_MODE(_name, 0400) #define DEVICE_ATTR_WO(_name) \ struct device_attribute dev_attr_##_name = __ATTR_WO(_name) #define DEVICE_ULONG_ATTR(_name, _mode, _var) \ struct dev_ext_attribute dev_attr_##_name = \ { __ATTR(_name, _mode, device_show_ulong, device_store_ulong), &(_var) } #define DEVICE_INT_ATTR(_name, _mode, _var) \ struct dev_ext_attribute dev_attr_##_name = \ { __ATTR(_name, _mode, device_show_int, device_store_int), &(_var) } #define DEVICE_BOOL_ATTR(_name, _mode, _var) \ struct dev_ext_attribute dev_attr_##_name = \ { __ATTR(_name, _mode, device_show_bool, device_store_bool), &(_var) } #define DEVICE_ATTR_IGNORE_LOCKDEP(_name, _mode, _show, _store) \ struct device_attribute dev_attr_##_name = \ __ATTR_IGNORE_LOCKDEP(_name, _mode, _show, _store) int device_create_file(struct device *device, const struct device_attribute *entry); void device_remove_file(struct device *dev, const struct device_attribute *attr); bool device_remove_file_self(struct device *dev, const struct device_attribute *attr); int __must_check device_create_bin_file(struct device *dev, const struct bin_attribute *attr); void device_remove_bin_file(struct device *dev, const struct bin_attribute *attr); /* device resource management */ typedef void (*dr_release_t)(struct device *dev, void *res); typedef int (*dr_match_t)(struct device *dev, void *res, void *match_data); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_DEVRES void *__devres_alloc_node(dr_release_t release, size_t size, gfp_t gfp, int nid, const char *name) __malloc; #define devres_alloc(release, size, gfp) \ __devres_alloc_node(release, size, gfp, NUMA_NO_NODE, #release) #define devres_alloc_node(release, size, gfp, nid) \ __devres_alloc_node(release, size, gfp, nid, #release) #else void *devres_alloc_node(dr_release_t release, size_t size, gfp_t gfp, int nid) __malloc; static inline void *devres_alloc(dr_release_t release, size_t size, gfp_t gfp) { return devres_alloc_node(release, size, gfp, NUMA_NO_NODE); } #endif void devres_for_each_res(struct device *dev, dr_release_t release, dr_match_t match, void *match_data, void (*fn)(struct device *, void *, void *), void *data); void devres_free(void *res); void devres_add(struct device *dev, void *res); void *devres_find(struct device *dev, dr_release_t release, dr_match_t match, void *match_data); void *devres_get(struct device *dev, void *new_res, dr_match_t match, void *match_data); void *devres_remove(struct device *dev, dr_release_t release, dr_match_t match, void *match_data); int devres_destroy(struct device *dev, dr_release_t release, dr_match_t match, void *match_data); int devres_release(struct device *dev, dr_release_t release, dr_match_t match, void *match_data); /* devres group */ void * __must_check devres_open_group(struct device *dev, void *id, gfp_t gfp); void devres_close_group(struct device *dev, void *id); void devres_remove_group(struct device *dev, void *id); int devres_release_group(struct device *dev, void *id); /* managed devm_k.alloc/kfree for device drivers */ void *devm_kmalloc(struct device *dev, size_t size, gfp_t gfp) __malloc; void *devm_krealloc(struct device *dev, void *ptr, size_t size, gfp_t gfp) __must_check; __printf(3, 0) char *devm_kvasprintf(struct device *dev, gfp_t gfp, const char *fmt, va_list ap) __malloc; __printf(3, 4) char *devm_kasprintf(struct device *dev, gfp_t gfp, const char *fmt, ...) __malloc; static inline void *devm_kzalloc(struct device *dev, size_t size, gfp_t gfp) { return devm_kmalloc(dev, size, gfp | __GFP_ZERO); } static inline void *devm_kmalloc_array(struct device *dev, size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags) { size_t bytes; if (unlikely(check_mul_overflow(n, size, &bytes))) return NULL; return devm_kmalloc(dev, bytes, flags); } static inline void *devm_kcalloc(struct device *dev, size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return devm_kmalloc_array(dev, n, size, flags | __GFP_ZERO); } void devm_kfree(struct device *dev, const void *p); char *devm_kstrdup(struct device *dev, const char *s, gfp_t gfp) __malloc; const char *devm_kstrdup_const(struct device *dev, const char *s, gfp_t gfp); void *devm_kmemdup(struct device *dev, const void *src, size_t len, gfp_t gfp); unsigned long devm_get_free_pages(struct device *dev, gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order); void devm_free_pages(struct device *dev, unsigned long addr); void __iomem *devm_ioremap_resource(struct device *dev, const struct resource *res); void __iomem *devm_ioremap_resource_wc(struct device *dev, const struct resource *res); void __iomem *devm_of_iomap(struct device *dev, struct device_node *node, int index, resource_size_t *size); /* allows to add/remove a custom action to devres stack */ int devm_add_action(struct device *dev, void (*action)(void *), void *data); void devm_remove_action(struct device *dev, void (*action)(void *), void *data); void devm_release_action(struct device *dev, void (*action)(void *), void *data); static inline int devm_add_action_or_reset(struct device *dev, void (*action)(void *), void *data) { int ret; ret = devm_add_action(dev, action, data); if (ret) action(data); return ret; } /** * devm_alloc_percpu - Resource-managed alloc_percpu * @dev: Device to allocate per-cpu memory for * @type: Type to allocate per-cpu memory for * * Managed alloc_percpu. Per-cpu memory allocated with this function is * automatically freed on driver detach. * * RETURNS: * Pointer to allocated memory on success, NULL on failure. */ #define devm_alloc_percpu(dev, type) \ ((typeof(type) __percpu *)__devm_alloc_percpu((dev), sizeof(type), \ __alignof__(type))) void __percpu *__devm_alloc_percpu(struct device *dev, size_t size, size_t align); void devm_free_percpu(struct device *dev, void __percpu *pdata); struct device_dma_parameters { /* * a low level driver may set these to teach IOMMU code about * sg limitations. */ unsigned int max_segment_size; unsigned int min_align_mask; unsigned long segment_boundary_mask; }; /** * enum device_link_state - Device link states. * @DL_STATE_NONE: The presence of the drivers is not being tracked. * @DL_STATE_DORMANT: None of the supplier/consumer drivers is present. * @DL_STATE_AVAILABLE: The supplier driver is present, but the consumer is not. * @DL_STATE_CONSUMER_PROBE: The consumer is probing (supplier driver present). * @DL_STATE_ACTIVE: Both the supplier and consumer drivers are present. * @DL_STATE_SUPPLIER_UNBIND: The supplier driver is unbinding. */ enum device_link_state { DL_STATE_NONE = -1, DL_STATE_DORMANT = 0, DL_STATE_AVAILABLE, DL_STATE_CONSUMER_PROBE, DL_STATE_ACTIVE, DL_STATE_SUPPLIER_UNBIND, }; /* * Device link flags. * * STATELESS: The core will not remove this link automatically. * AUTOREMOVE_CONSUMER: Remove the link automatically on consumer driver unbind. * PM_RUNTIME: If set, the runtime PM framework will use this link. * RPM_ACTIVE: Run pm_runtime_get_sync() on the supplier during link creation. * AUTOREMOVE_SUPPLIER: Remove the link automatically on supplier driver unbind. * AUTOPROBE_CONSUMER: Probe consumer driver automatically after supplier binds. * MANAGED: The core tracks presence of supplier/consumer drivers (internal). * SYNC_STATE_ONLY: Link only affects sync_state() behavior. */ #define DL_FLAG_STATELESS BIT(0) #define DL_FLAG_AUTOREMOVE_CONSUMER BIT(1) #define DL_FLAG_PM_RUNTIME BIT(2) #define DL_FLAG_RPM_ACTIVE BIT(3) #define DL_FLAG_AUTOREMOVE_SUPPLIER BIT(4) #define DL_FLAG_AUTOPROBE_CONSUMER BIT(5) #define DL_FLAG_MANAGED BIT(6) #define DL_FLAG_SYNC_STATE_ONLY BIT(7) /** * enum dl_dev_state - Device driver presence tracking information. * @DL_DEV_NO_DRIVER: There is no driver attached to the device. * @DL_DEV_PROBING: A driver is probing. * @DL_DEV_DRIVER_BOUND: The driver has been bound to the device. * @DL_DEV_UNBINDING: The driver is unbinding from the device. */ enum dl_dev_state { DL_DEV_NO_DRIVER = 0, DL_DEV_PROBING, DL_DEV_DRIVER_BOUND, DL_DEV_UNBINDING, }; /** * struct dev_links_info - Device data related to device links. * @suppliers: List of links to supplier devices. * @consumers: List of links to consumer devices. * @needs_suppliers: Hook to global list of devices waiting for suppliers. * @defer_hook: Hook to global list of devices that have deferred sync_state or * deferred fw_devlink. * @need_for_probe: If needs_suppliers is on a list, this indicates if the * suppliers are needed for probe or not. * @status: Driver status information. */ struct dev_links_info { struct list_head suppliers; struct list_head consumers; struct list_head needs_suppliers; struct list_head defer_hook; bool need_for_probe; enum dl_dev_state status; }; /** * struct device - The basic device structure * @parent: The device's "parent" device, the device to which it is attached. * In most cases, a parent device is some sort of bus or host * controller. If parent is NULL, the device, is a top-level device, * which is not usually what you want. * @p: Holds the private data of the driver core portions of the device. * See the comment of the struct device_private for detail. * @kobj: A top-level, abstract class from which other classes are derived. * @init_name: Initial name of the device. * @type: The type of device. * This identifies the device type and carries type-specific * information. * @mutex: Mutex to synchronize calls to its driver. * @lockdep_mutex: An optional debug lock that a subsystem can use as a * peer lock to gain localized lockdep coverage of the device_lock. * @bus: Type of bus device is on. * @driver: Which driver has allocated this * @platform_data: Platform data specific to the device. * Example: For devices on custom boards, as typical of embedded * and SOC based hardware, Linux often uses platform_data to point * to board-specific structures describing devices and how they * are wired. That can include what ports are available, chip * variants, which GPIO pins act in what additional roles, and so * on. This shrinks the "Board Support Packages" (BSPs) and * minimizes board-specific #ifdefs in drivers. * @driver_data: Private pointer for driver specific info. * @links: Links to suppliers and consumers of this device. * @power: For device power management. * See Documentation/driver-api/pm/devices.rst for details. * @pm_domain: Provide callbacks that are executed during system suspend, * hibernation, system resume and during runtime PM transitions * along with subsystem-level and driver-level callbacks. * @em_pd: device's energy model performance domain * @pins: For device pin management. * See Documentation/driver-api/pinctl.rst for details. * @msi_list: Hosts MSI descriptors * @msi_domain: The generic MSI domain this device is using. * @numa_node: NUMA node this device is close to. * @dma_ops: DMA mapping operations for this device. * @dma_mask: Dma mask (if dma'ble device). * @coherent_dma_mask: Like dma_mask, but for alloc_coherent mapping as not all * hardware supports 64-bit addresses for consistent allocations * such descriptors. * @bus_dma_limit: Limit of an upstream bridge or bus which imposes a smaller * DMA limit than the device itself supports. * @dma_range_map: map for DMA memory ranges relative to that of RAM * @dma_parms: A low level driver may set these to teach IOMMU code about * segment limitations. * @dma_pools: Dma pools (if dma'ble device). * @dma_mem: Internal for coherent mem override. * @cma_area: Contiguous memory area for dma allocations * @archdata: For arch-specific additions. * @of_node: Associated device tree node. * @fwnode: Associated device node supplied by platform firmware. * @devt: For creating the sysfs "dev". * @id: device instance * @devres_lock: Spinlock to protect the resource of the device. * @devres_head: The resources list of the device. * @knode_class: The node used to add the device to the class list. * @class: The class of the device. * @groups: Optional attribute groups. * @release: Callback to free the device after all references have * gone away. This should be set by the allocator of the * device (i.e. the bus driver that discovered the device). * @iommu_group: IOMMU group the device belongs to. * @iommu: Per device generic IOMMU runtime data * * @offline_disabled: If set, the device is permanently online. * @offline: Set after successful invocation of bus type's .offline(). * @of_node_reused: Set if the device-tree node is shared with an ancestor * device. * @state_synced: The hardware state of this device has been synced to match * the software state of this device by calling the driver/bus * sync_state() callback. * @dma_coherent: this particular device is dma coherent, even if the * architecture supports non-coherent devices. * @dma_ops_bypass: If set to %true then the dma_ops are bypassed for the * streaming DMA operations (->map_* / ->unmap_* / ->sync_*), * and optionall (if the coherent mask is large enough) also * for dma allocations. This flag is managed by the dma ops * instance from ->dma_supported. * * At the lowest level, every device in a Linux system is represented by an * instance of struct device. The device structure contains the information * that the device model core needs to model the system. Most subsystems, * however, track additional information about the devices they host. As a * result, it is rare for devices to be represented by bare device structures; * instead, that structure, like kobject structures, is usually embedded within * a higher-level representation of the device. */ struct device { struct kobject kobj; struct device *parent; struct device_private *p; const char *init_name; /* initial name of the device */ const struct device_type *type; struct bus_type *bus; /* type of bus device is on */ struct device_driver *driver; /* which driver has allocated this device */ void *platform_data; /* Platform specific data, device core doesn't touch it */ void *driver_data; /* Driver data, set and get with dev_set_drvdata/dev_get_drvdata */ #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING struct mutex lockdep_mutex; #endif struct mutex mutex; /* mutex to synchronize calls to * its driver. */ struct dev_links_info links; struct dev_pm_info power; struct dev_pm_domain *pm_domain; #ifdef CONFIG_ENERGY_MODEL struct em_perf_domain *em_pd; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_GENERIC_MSI_IRQ_DOMAIN struct irq_domain *msi_domain; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PINCTRL struct dev_pin_info *pins; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_GENERIC_MSI_IRQ raw_spinlock_t msi_lock; struct list_head msi_list; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DMA_OPS const struct dma_map_ops *dma_ops; #endif u64 *dma_mask; /* dma mask (if dma'able device) */ u64 coherent_dma_mask;/* Like dma_mask, but for alloc_coherent mappings as not all hardware supports 64 bit addresses for consistent allocations such descriptors. */ u64 bus_dma_limit; /* upstream dma constraint */ const struct bus_dma_region *dma_range_map; struct device_dma_parameters *dma_parms; struct list_head dma_pools; /* dma pools (if dma'ble) */ #ifdef CONFIG_DMA_DECLARE_COHERENT struct dma_coherent_mem *dma_mem; /* internal for coherent mem override */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DMA_CMA struct cma *cma_area; /* contiguous memory area for dma allocations */ #endif /* arch specific additions */ struct dev_archdata archdata; struct device_node *of_node; /* associated device tree node */ struct fwnode_handle *fwnode; /* firmware device node */ #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA int numa_node; /* NUMA node this device is close to */ #endif dev_t devt; /* dev_t, creates the sysfs "dev" */ u32 id; /* device instance */ spinlock_t devres_lock; struct list_head devres_head; struct class *class; const struct attribute_group **groups; /* optional groups */ void (*release)(struct device *dev); struct iommu_group *iommu_group; struct dev_iommu *iommu; bool offline_disabled:1; bool offline:1; bool of_node_reused:1; bool state_synced:1; #if defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYNC_DMA_FOR_DEVICE) || \ defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYNC_DMA_FOR_CPU) || \ defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYNC_DMA_FOR_CPU_ALL) bool dma_coherent:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DMA_OPS_BYPASS bool dma_ops_bypass : 1; #endif }; /** * struct device_link - Device link representation. * @supplier: The device on the supplier end of the link. * @s_node: Hook to the supplier device's list of links to consumers. * @consumer: The device on the consumer end of the link. * @c_node: Hook to the consumer device's list of links to suppliers. * @link_dev: device used to expose link details in sysfs * @status: The state of the link (with respect to the presence of drivers). * @flags: Link flags. * @rpm_active: Whether or not the consumer device is runtime-PM-active. * @kref: Count repeated addition of the same link. * @rm_work: Work structure used for removing the link. * @supplier_preactivated: Supplier has been made active before consumer probe. */ struct device_link { struct device *supplier; struct list_head s_node; struct device *consumer; struct list_head c_node; struct device link_dev; enum device_link_state status; u32 flags; refcount_t rpm_active; struct kref kref; struct work_struct rm_work; bool supplier_preactivated; /* Owned by consumer probe. */ }; static inline struct device *kobj_to_dev(struct kobject *kobj) { return container_of(kobj, struct device, kobj); } /** * device_iommu_mapped - Returns true when the device DMA is translated * by an IOMMU * @dev: Device to perform the check on */ static inline bool device_iommu_mapped(struct device *dev) { return (dev->iommu_group != NULL); } /* Get the wakeup routines, which depend on struct device */ #include <linux/pm_wakeup.h> static inline const char *dev_name(const struct device *dev) { /* Use the init name until the kobject becomes available */ if (dev->init_name) return dev->init_name; return kobject_name(&dev->kobj); } /** * dev_bus_name - Return a device's bus/class name, if at all possible * @dev: struct device to get the bus/class name of * * Will return the name of the bus/class the device is attached to. If it is * not attached to a bus/class, an empty string will be returned. */ static inline const char *dev_bus_name(const struct device *dev) { return dev->bus ? dev->bus->name : (dev->class ? dev->class->name : ""); } __printf(2, 3) int dev_set_name(struct device *dev, const char *name, ...); #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA static inline int dev_to_node(struct device *dev) { return dev->numa_node; } static inline void set_dev_node(struct device *dev, int node) { dev->numa_node = node; } #else static inline int dev_to_node(struct device *dev) { return NUMA_NO_NODE; } static inline void set_dev_node(struct device *dev, int node) { } #endif static inline struct irq_domain *dev_get_msi_domain(const struct device *dev) { #ifdef CONFIG_GENERIC_MSI_IRQ_DOMAIN return dev->msi_domain; #else return NULL; #endif } static inline void dev_set_msi_domain(struct device *dev, struct irq_domain *d) { #ifdef CONFIG_GENERIC_MSI_IRQ_DOMAIN dev->msi_domain = d; #endif } static inline void *dev_get_drvdata(const struct device *dev) { return dev->driver_data; } static inline void dev_set_drvdata(struct device *dev, void *data) { dev->driver_data = data; } static inline struct pm_subsys_data *dev_to_psd(struct device *dev) { return dev ? dev->power.subsys_data : NULL; } static inline unsigned int dev_get_uevent_suppress(const struct device *dev) { return dev->kobj.uevent_suppress; } static inline void dev_set_uevent_suppress(struct device *dev, int val) { dev->kobj.uevent_suppress = val; } static inline int device_is_registered(struct device *dev) { return dev->kobj.state_in_sysfs; } static inline void device_enable_async_suspend(struct device *dev) { if (!dev->power.is_prepared) dev->power.async_suspend = true; } static inline void device_disable_async_suspend(struct device *dev) { if (!dev->power.is_prepared) dev->power.async_suspend = false; } static inline bool device_async_suspend_enabled(struct device *dev) { return !!dev->power.async_suspend; } static inline bool device_pm_not_required(struct device *dev) { return dev->power.no_pm; } static inline void device_set_pm_not_required(struct device *dev) { dev->power.no_pm = true; } static inline void dev_pm_syscore_device(struct device *dev, bool val) { #ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP dev->power.syscore = val; #endif } static inline void dev_pm_set_driver_flags(struct device *dev, u32 flags) { dev->power.driver_flags = flags; } static inline bool dev_pm_test_driver_flags(struct device *dev, u32 flags) { return !!(dev->power.driver_flags & flags); } static inline void device_lock(struct device *dev) { mutex_lock(&dev->mutex); } static inline int device_lock_interruptible(struct device *dev) { return mutex_lock_interruptible(&dev->mutex); } static inline int device_trylock(struct device *dev) { return mutex_trylock(&dev->mutex); } static inline void device_unlock(struct device *dev) { mutex_unlock(&dev->mutex); } static inline void device_lock_assert(struct device *dev) { lockdep_assert_held(&dev->mutex); } static inline struct device_node *dev_of_node(struct device *dev) { if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_OF) || !dev) return NULL; return dev->of_node; } static inline bool dev_has_sync_state(struct device *dev) { if (!dev) return false; if (dev->driver && dev->driver->sync_state) return true; if (dev->bus && dev->bus->sync_state) return true; return false; } /* * High level routines for use by the bus drivers */ int __must_check device_register(struct device *dev); void device_unregister(struct device *dev); void device_initialize(struct device *dev); int __must_check device_add(struct device *dev); void device_del(struct device *dev); int device_for_each_child(struct device *dev, void *data, int (*fn)(struct device *dev, void *data)); int device_for_each_child_reverse(struct device *dev, void *data, int (*fn)(struct device *dev, void *data)); struct device *device_find_child(struct device *dev, void *data, int (*match)(struct device *dev, void *data)); struct device *device_find_child_by_name(struct device *parent, const char *name); int device_rename(struct device *dev, const char *new_name); int device_move(struct device *dev, struct device *new_parent, enum dpm_order dpm_order); int device_change_owner(struct device *dev, kuid_t kuid, kgid_t kgid); const char *device_get_devnode(struct device *dev, umode_t *mode, kuid_t *uid, kgid_t *gid, const char **tmp); int device_is_dependent(struct device *dev, void *target); static inline bool device_supports_offline(struct device *dev) { return dev->bus && dev->bus->offline && dev->bus->online; } void lock_device_hotplug(void); void unlock_device_hotplug(void); int lock_device_hotplug_sysfs(void); int device_offline(struct device *dev); int device_online(struct device *dev); void set_primary_fwnode(struct device *dev, struct fwnode_handle *fwnode); void set_secondary_fwnode(struct device *dev, struct fwnode_handle *fwnode); void device_set_of_node_from_dev(struct device *dev, const struct device *dev2); static inline int dev_num_vf(struct device *dev) { if (dev->bus && dev->bus->num_vf) return dev->bus->num_vf(dev); return 0; } /* * Root device objects for grouping under /sys/devices */ struct device *__root_device_register(const char *name, struct module *owner); /* This is a macro to avoid include problems with THIS_MODULE */ #define root_device_register(name) \ __root_device_register(name, THIS_MODULE) void root_device_unregister(struct device *root); static inline void *dev_get_platdata(const struct device *dev) { return dev->platform_data; } /* * Manual binding of a device to driver. See drivers/base/bus.c * for information on use. */ int __must_check device_bind_driver(struct device *dev); void device_release_driver(struct device *dev); int __must_check device_attach(struct device *dev); int __must_check driver_attach(struct device_driver *drv); void device_initial_probe(struct device *dev); int __must_check device_reprobe(struct device *dev); bool device_is_bound(struct device *dev); /* * Easy functions for dynamically creating devices on the fly */ __printf(5, 6) struct device * device_create(struct class *cls, struct device *parent, dev_t devt, void *drvdata, const char *fmt, ...); __printf(6, 7) struct device * device_create_with_groups(struct class *cls, struct device *parent, dev_t devt, void *drvdata, const struct attribute_group **groups, const char *fmt, ...); void device_destroy(struct class *cls, dev_t devt); int __must_check device_add_groups(struct device *dev, const struct attribute_group **groups); void device_remove_groups(struct device *dev, const struct attribute_group **groups); static inline int __must_check device_add_group(struct device *dev, const struct attribute_group *grp) { const struct attribute_group *groups[] = { grp, NULL }; return device_add_groups(dev, groups); } static inline void device_remove_group(struct device *dev, const struct attribute_group *grp) { const struct attribute_group *groups[] = { grp, NULL }; return device_remove_groups(dev, groups); } int __must_check devm_device_add_groups(struct device *dev, const struct attribute_group **groups); void devm_device_remove_groups(struct device *dev, const struct attribute_group **groups); int __must_check devm_device_add_group(struct device *dev, const struct attribute_group *grp); void devm_device_remove_group(struct device *dev, const struct attribute_group *grp); /* * Platform "fixup" functions - allow the platform to have their say * about devices and actions that the general device layer doesn't * know about. */ /* Notify platform of device discovery */ extern int (*platform_notify)(struct device *dev); extern int (*platform_notify_remove)(struct device *dev); /* * get_device - atomically increment the reference count for the device. * */ struct device *get_device(struct device *dev); void put_device(struct device *dev); bool kill_device(struct device *dev); #ifdef CONFIG_DEVTMPFS int devtmpfs_mount(void); #else static inline int devtmpfs_mount(void) { return 0; } #endif /* drivers/base/power/shutdown.c */ void device_shutdown(void); /* debugging and troubleshooting/diagnostic helpers. */ const char *dev_driver_string(const struct device *dev); /* Device links interface. */ struct device_link *device_link_add(struct device *consumer, struct device *supplier, u32 flags); void device_link_del(struct device_link *link); void device_link_remove(void *consumer, struct device *supplier); void device_links_supplier_sync_state_pause(void); void device_links_supplier_sync_state_resume(void); extern __printf(3, 4) int dev_err_probe(const struct device *dev, int err, const char *fmt, ...); /* Create alias, so I can be autoloaded. */ #define MODULE_ALIAS_CHARDEV(major,minor) \ MODULE_ALIAS("char-major-" __stringify(major) "-" __stringify(minor)) #define MODULE_ALIAS_CHARDEV_MAJOR(major) \ MODULE_ALIAS("char-major-" __stringify(major) "-*") #ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS_DEPRECATED extern long sysfs_deprecated; #else #define sysfs_deprecated 0 #endif #endif /* _DEVICE_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef LINUX_CRASH_DUMP_H #define LINUX_CRASH_DUMP_H #include <linux/kexec.h> #include <linux/proc_fs.h> #include <linux/elf.h> #include <linux/pgtable.h> #include <uapi/linux/vmcore.h> #include <linux/pgtable.h> /* for pgprot_t */ #ifdef CONFIG_CRASH_DUMP #define ELFCORE_ADDR_MAX (-1ULL) #define ELFCORE_ADDR_ERR (-2ULL) extern unsigned long long elfcorehdr_addr; extern unsigned long long elfcorehdr_size; extern int elfcorehdr_alloc(unsigned long long *addr, unsigned long long *size); extern void elfcorehdr_free(unsigned long long addr); extern ssize_t elfcorehdr_read(char *buf, size_t count, u64 *ppos); extern ssize_t elfcorehdr_read_notes(char *buf, size_t count, u64 *ppos); extern int remap_oldmem_pfn_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long from, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot); extern ssize_t copy_oldmem_page(unsigned long, char *, size_t, unsigned long, int); extern ssize_t copy_oldmem_page_encrypted(unsigned long pfn, char *buf, size_t csize, unsigned long offset, int userbuf); void vmcore_cleanup(void); /* Architecture code defines this if there are other possible ELF * machine types, e.g. on bi-arch capable hardware. */ #ifndef vmcore_elf_check_arch_cross #define vmcore_elf_check_arch_cross(x) 0 #endif /* * Architecture code can redefine this if there are any special checks * needed for 32-bit ELF or 64-bit ELF vmcores. In case of 32-bit * only architecture, vmcore_elf64_check_arch can be set to zero. */ #ifndef vmcore_elf32_check_arch #define vmcore_elf32_check_arch(x) elf_check_arch(x) #endif #ifndef vmcore_elf64_check_arch #define vmcore_elf64_check_arch(x) (elf_check_arch(x) || vmcore_elf_check_arch_cross(x)) #endif /* * is_kdump_kernel() checks whether this kernel is booting after a panic of * previous kernel or not. This is determined by checking if previous kernel * has passed the elf core header address on command line. * * This is not just a test if CONFIG_CRASH_DUMP is enabled or not. It will * return true if CONFIG_CRASH_DUMP=y and if kernel is booting after a panic * of previous kernel. */ static inline bool is_kdump_kernel(void) { return elfcorehdr_addr != ELFCORE_ADDR_MAX; } /* is_vmcore_usable() checks if the kernel is booting after a panic and * the vmcore region is usable. * * This makes use of the fact that due to alignment -2ULL is not * a valid pointer, much in the vain of IS_ERR(), except * dealing directly with an unsigned long long rather than a pointer. */ static inline int is_vmcore_usable(void) { return is_kdump_kernel() && elfcorehdr_addr != ELFCORE_ADDR_ERR ? 1 : 0; } /* vmcore_unusable() marks the vmcore as unusable, * without disturbing the logic of is_kdump_kernel() */ static inline void vmcore_unusable(void) { if (is_kdump_kernel()) elfcorehdr_addr = ELFCORE_ADDR_ERR; } #define HAVE_OLDMEM_PFN_IS_RAM 1 extern int register_oldmem_pfn_is_ram(int (*fn)(unsigned long pfn)); extern void unregister_oldmem_pfn_is_ram(void); #else /* !CONFIG_CRASH_DUMP */ static inline bool is_kdump_kernel(void) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_CRASH_DUMP */ /* Device Dump information to be filled by drivers */ struct vmcoredd_data { char dump_name[VMCOREDD_MAX_NAME_BYTES]; /* Unique name of the dump */ unsigned int size; /* Size of the dump */ /* Driver's registered callback to be invoked to collect dump */ int (*vmcoredd_callback)(struct vmcoredd_data *data, void *buf); }; #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_VMCORE_DEVICE_DUMP int vmcore_add_device_dump(struct vmcoredd_data *data); #else static inline int vmcore_add_device_dump(struct vmcoredd_data *data) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } #endif /* CONFIG_PROC_VMCORE_DEVICE_DUMP */ #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_VMCORE ssize_t read_from_oldmem(char *buf, size_t count, u64 *ppos, int userbuf, bool encrypted); #else static inline ssize_t read_from_oldmem(char *buf, size_t count, u64 *ppos, int userbuf, bool encrypted) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } #endif /* CONFIG_PROC_VMCORE */ #endif /* LINUX_CRASHDUMP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Connection state tracking for netfilter. This is separated from, * but required by, the (future) NAT layer; it can also be used by an iptables * extension. * * 16 Dec 2003: Yasuyuki Kozakai @USAGI <yasuyuki.kozakai@toshiba.co.jp> * - generalize L3 protocol dependent part. * * Derived from include/linux/netfiter_ipv4/ip_conntrack.h */ #ifndef _NF_CONNTRACK_H #define _NF_CONNTRACK_H #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_common.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_tcp.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_dccp.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_sctp.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_proto_gre.h> #include <net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_tuple.h> struct nf_ct_udp { unsigned long stream_ts; }; /* per conntrack: protocol private data */ union nf_conntrack_proto { /* insert conntrack proto private data here */ struct nf_ct_dccp dccp; struct ip_ct_sctp sctp; struct ip_ct_tcp tcp; struct nf_ct_udp udp; struct nf_ct_gre gre; unsigned int tmpl_padto; }; union nf_conntrack_expect_proto { /* insert expect proto private data here */ }; struct nf_conntrack_net { unsigned int users4; unsigned int users6; unsigned int users_bridge; }; #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <net/netfilter/ipv4/nf_conntrack_ipv4.h> #include <net/netfilter/ipv6/nf_conntrack_ipv6.h> struct nf_conn { /* Usage count in here is 1 for hash table, 1 per skb, * plus 1 for any connection(s) we are `master' for * * Hint, SKB address this struct and refcnt via skb->_nfct and * helpers nf_conntrack_get() and nf_conntrack_put(). * Helper nf_ct_put() equals nf_conntrack_put() by dec refcnt, * beware nf_ct_get() is different and don't inc refcnt. */ struct nf_conntrack ct_general; spinlock_t lock; /* jiffies32 when this ct is considered dead */ u32 timeout; #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES struct nf_conntrack_zone zone; #endif /* XXX should I move this to the tail ? - Y.K */ /* These are my tuples; original and reply */ struct nf_conntrack_tuple_hash tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_MAX]; /* Have we seen traffic both ways yet? (bitset) */ unsigned long status; u16 cpu; possible_net_t ct_net; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_NAT) struct hlist_node nat_bysource; #endif /* all members below initialized via memset */ struct { } __nfct_init_offset; /* If we were expected by an expectation, this will be it */ struct nf_conn *master; #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MARK) u_int32_t mark; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_SECMARK u_int32_t secmark; #endif /* Extensions */ struct nf_ct_ext *ext; /* Storage reserved for other modules, must be the last member */ union nf_conntrack_proto proto; }; static inline struct nf_conn * nf_ct_tuplehash_to_ctrack(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple_hash *hash) { return container_of(hash, struct nf_conn, tuplehash[hash->tuple.dst.dir]); } static inline u_int16_t nf_ct_l3num(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_ORIGINAL].tuple.src.l3num; } static inline u_int8_t nf_ct_protonum(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_ORIGINAL].tuple.dst.protonum; } #define nf_ct_tuple(ct, dir) (&(ct)->tuplehash[dir].tuple) /* get master conntrack via master expectation */ #define master_ct(conntr) (conntr->master) extern struct net init_net; static inline struct net *nf_ct_net(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return read_pnet(&ct->ct_net); } /* Alter reply tuple (maybe alter helper). */ void nf_conntrack_alter_reply(struct nf_conn *ct, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *newreply); /* Is this tuple taken? (ignoring any belonging to the given conntrack). */ int nf_conntrack_tuple_taken(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *tuple, const struct nf_conn *ignored_conntrack); /* Return conntrack_info and tuple hash for given skb. */ static inline struct nf_conn * nf_ct_get(const struct sk_buff *skb, enum ip_conntrack_info *ctinfo) { unsigned long nfct = skb_get_nfct(skb); *ctinfo = nfct & NFCT_INFOMASK; return (struct nf_conn *)(nfct & NFCT_PTRMASK); } /* decrement reference count on a conntrack */ static inline void nf_ct_put(struct nf_conn *ct) { WARN_ON(!ct); nf_conntrack_put(&ct->ct_general); } /* Protocol module loading */ int nf_ct_l3proto_try_module_get(unsigned short l3proto); void nf_ct_l3proto_module_put(unsigned short l3proto); /* load module; enable/disable conntrack in this namespace */ int nf_ct_netns_get(struct net *net, u8 nfproto); void nf_ct_netns_put(struct net *net, u8 nfproto); /* * Allocate a hashtable of hlist_head (if nulls == 0), * or hlist_nulls_head (if nulls == 1) */ void *nf_ct_alloc_hashtable(unsigned int *sizep, int nulls); int nf_conntrack_hash_check_insert(struct nf_conn *ct); bool nf_ct_delete(struct nf_conn *ct, u32 pid, int report); bool nf_ct_get_tuplepr(const struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int nhoff, u_int16_t l3num, struct net *net, struct nf_conntrack_tuple *tuple); void __nf_ct_refresh_acct(struct nf_conn *ct, enum ip_conntrack_info ctinfo, const struct sk_buff *skb, u32 extra_jiffies, bool do_acct); /* Refresh conntrack for this many jiffies and do accounting */ static inline void nf_ct_refresh_acct(struct nf_conn *ct, enum ip_conntrack_info ctinfo, const struct sk_buff *skb, u32 extra_jiffies) { __nf_ct_refresh_acct(ct, ctinfo, skb, extra_jiffies, true); } /* Refresh conntrack for this many jiffies */ static inline void nf_ct_refresh(struct nf_conn *ct, const struct sk_buff *skb, u32 extra_jiffies) { __nf_ct_refresh_acct(ct, 0, skb, extra_jiffies, false); } /* kill conntrack and do accounting */ bool nf_ct_kill_acct(struct nf_conn *ct, enum ip_conntrack_info ctinfo, const struct sk_buff *skb); /* kill conntrack without accounting */ static inline bool nf_ct_kill(struct nf_conn *ct) { return nf_ct_delete(ct, 0, 0); } /* Set all unconfirmed conntrack as dying */ void nf_ct_unconfirmed_destroy(struct net *); /* Iterate over all conntracks: if iter returns true, it's deleted. */ void nf_ct_iterate_cleanup_net(struct net *net, int (*iter)(struct nf_conn *i, void *data), void *data, u32 portid, int report); /* also set unconfirmed conntracks as dying. Only use in module exit path. */ void nf_ct_iterate_destroy(int (*iter)(struct nf_conn *i, void *data), void *data); struct nf_conntrack_zone; void nf_conntrack_free(struct nf_conn *ct); struct nf_conn *nf_conntrack_alloc(struct net *net, const struct nf_conntrack_zone *zone, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *orig, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *repl, gfp_t gfp); static inline int nf_ct_is_template(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return test_bit(IPS_TEMPLATE_BIT, &ct->status); } /* It's confirmed if it is, or has been in the hash table. */ static inline int nf_ct_is_confirmed(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return test_bit(IPS_CONFIRMED_BIT, &ct->status); } static inline int nf_ct_is_dying(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return test_bit(IPS_DYING_BIT, &ct->status); } /* Packet is received from loopback */ static inline bool nf_is_loopback_packet(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->dev && skb->skb_iif && skb->dev->flags & IFF_LOOPBACK; } #define nfct_time_stamp ((u32)(jiffies)) /* jiffies until ct expires, 0 if already expired */ static inline unsigned long nf_ct_expires(const struct nf_conn *ct) { s32 timeout = READ_ONCE(ct->timeout) - nfct_time_stamp; return timeout > 0 ? timeout : 0; } static inline bool nf_ct_is_expired(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return (__s32)(READ_ONCE(ct->timeout) - nfct_time_stamp) <= 0; } /* use after obtaining a reference count */ static inline bool nf_ct_should_gc(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return nf_ct_is_expired(ct) && nf_ct_is_confirmed(ct) && !nf_ct_is_dying(ct); } #define NF_CT_DAY (86400 * HZ) /* Set an arbitrary timeout large enough not to ever expire, this save * us a check for the IPS_OFFLOAD_BIT from the packet path via * nf_ct_is_expired(). */ static inline void nf_ct_offload_timeout(struct nf_conn *ct) { if (nf_ct_expires(ct) < NF_CT_DAY / 2) WRITE_ONCE(ct->timeout, nfct_time_stamp + NF_CT_DAY); } struct kernel_param; int nf_conntrack_set_hashsize(const char *val, const struct kernel_param *kp); int nf_conntrack_hash_resize(unsigned int hashsize); extern struct hlist_nulls_head *nf_conntrack_hash; extern unsigned int nf_conntrack_htable_size; extern seqcount_spinlock_t nf_conntrack_generation; extern unsigned int nf_conntrack_max; /* must be called with rcu read lock held */ static inline void nf_conntrack_get_ht(struct hlist_nulls_head **hash, unsigned int *hsize) { struct hlist_nulls_head *hptr; unsigned int sequence, hsz; do { sequence = read_seqcount_begin(&nf_conntrack_generation); hsz = nf_conntrack_htable_size; hptr = nf_conntrack_hash; } while (read_seqcount_retry(&nf_conntrack_generation, sequence)); *hash = hptr; *hsize = hsz; } struct nf_conn *nf_ct_tmpl_alloc(struct net *net, const struct nf_conntrack_zone *zone, gfp_t flags); void nf_ct_tmpl_free(struct nf_conn *tmpl); u32 nf_ct_get_id(const struct nf_conn *ct); static inline void nf_ct_set(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nf_conn *ct, enum ip_conntrack_info info) { skb_set_nfct(skb, (unsigned long)ct | info); } #define NF_CT_STAT_INC(net, count) __this_cpu_inc((net)->ct.stat->count) #define NF_CT_STAT_INC_ATOMIC(net, count) this_cpu_inc((net)->ct.stat->count) #define NF_CT_STAT_ADD_ATOMIC(net, count, v) this_cpu_add((net)->ct.stat->count, (v)) #define MODULE_ALIAS_NFCT_HELPER(helper) \ MODULE_ALIAS("nfct-helper-" helper) #endif /* _NF_CONNTRACK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * net busy poll support * Copyright(c) 2013 Intel Corporation. * * Author: Eliezer Tamir * * Contact Information: * e1000-devel Mailing List <e1000-devel@lists.sourceforge.net> */ #ifndef _LINUX_NET_BUSY_POLL_H #define _LINUX_NET_BUSY_POLL_H #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/sched/clock.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <net/ip.h> /* 0 - Reserved to indicate value not set * 1..NR_CPUS - Reserved for sender_cpu * NR_CPUS+1..~0 - Region available for NAPI IDs */ #define MIN_NAPI_ID ((unsigned int)(NR_CPUS + 1)) #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL struct napi_struct; extern unsigned int sysctl_net_busy_read __read_mostly; extern unsigned int sysctl_net_busy_poll __read_mostly; static inline bool net_busy_loop_on(void) { return sysctl_net_busy_poll; } static inline bool sk_can_busy_loop(const struct sock *sk) { return READ_ONCE(sk->sk_ll_usec) && !signal_pending(current); } bool sk_busy_loop_end(void *p, unsigned long start_time); void napi_busy_loop(unsigned int napi_id, bool (*loop_end)(void *, unsigned long), void *loop_end_arg); #else /* CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL */ static inline unsigned long net_busy_loop_on(void) { return 0; } static inline bool sk_can_busy_loop(struct sock *sk) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL */ static inline unsigned long busy_loop_current_time(void) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL return (unsigned long)(local_clock() >> 10); #else return 0; #endif } /* in poll/select we use the global sysctl_net_ll_poll value */ static inline bool busy_loop_timeout(unsigned long start_time) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL unsigned long bp_usec = READ_ONCE(sysctl_net_busy_poll); if (bp_usec) { unsigned long end_time = start_time + bp_usec; unsigned long now = busy_loop_current_time(); return time_after(now, end_time); } #endif return true; } static inline bool sk_busy_loop_timeout(struct sock *sk, unsigned long start_time) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL unsigned long bp_usec = READ_ONCE(sk->sk_ll_usec); if (bp_usec) { unsigned long end_time = start_time + bp_usec; unsigned long now = busy_loop_current_time(); return time_after(now, end_time); } #endif return true; } static inline void sk_busy_loop(struct sock *sk, int nonblock) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL unsigned int napi_id = READ_ONCE(sk->sk_napi_id); if (napi_id >= MIN_NAPI_ID) napi_busy_loop(napi_id, nonblock ? NULL : sk_busy_loop_end, sk); #endif } /* used in the NIC receive handler to mark the skb */ static inline void skb_mark_napi_id(struct sk_buff *skb, struct napi_struct *napi) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL /* If the skb was already marked with a valid NAPI ID, avoid overwriting * it. */ if (skb->napi_id < MIN_NAPI_ID) skb->napi_id = napi->napi_id; #endif } /* used in the protocol hanlder to propagate the napi_id to the socket */ static inline void sk_mark_napi_id(struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL WRITE_ONCE(sk->sk_napi_id, skb->napi_id); #endif sk_rx_queue_set(sk, skb); } /* variant used for unconnected sockets */ static inline void sk_mark_napi_id_once(struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL if (!READ_ONCE(sk->sk_napi_id)) WRITE_ONCE(sk->sk_napi_id, skb->napi_id); #endif } #endif /* _LINUX_NET_BUSY_POLL_H */
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/fs/file_table.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds * Copyright (C) 1997 David S. Miller (davem@caip.rutgers.edu) */ #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/fdtable.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/cred.h> #include <linux/eventpoll.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/cdev.h> #include <linux/fsnotify.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/percpu_counter.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/task_work.h> #include <linux/ima.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include "internal.h" /* sysctl tunables... */ struct files_stat_struct files_stat = { .max_files = NR_FILE }; /* SLAB cache for file structures */ static struct kmem_cache *filp_cachep __read_mostly; static struct percpu_counter nr_files __cacheline_aligned_in_smp; static void file_free_rcu(struct rcu_head *head) { struct file *f = container_of(head, struct file, f_u.fu_rcuhead); put_cred(f->f_cred); kmem_cache_free(filp_cachep, f); } static inline void file_free(struct file *f) { security_file_free(f); if (!(f->f_mode & FMODE_NOACCOUNT)) percpu_counter_dec(&nr_files); call_rcu(&f->f_u.fu_rcuhead, file_free_rcu); } /* * Return the total number of open files in the system */ static long get_nr_files(void) { return percpu_counter_read_positive(&nr_files); } /* * Return the maximum number of open files in the system */ unsigned long get_max_files(void) { return files_stat.max_files; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_max_files); /* * Handle nr_files sysctl */ #if defined(CONFIG_SYSCTL) && defined(CONFIG_PROC_FS) int proc_nr_files(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { files_stat.nr_files = get_nr_files(); return proc_doulongvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos); } #else int proc_nr_files(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { return -ENOSYS; } #endif static struct file *__alloc_file(int flags, const struct cred *cred) { struct file *f; int error; f = kmem_cache_zalloc(filp_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (unlikely(!f)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); f->f_cred = get_cred(cred); error = security_file_alloc(f); if (unlikely(error)) { file_free_rcu(&f->f_u.fu_rcuhead); return ERR_PTR(error); } atomic_long_set(&f->f_count, 1); rwlock_init(&f->f_owner.lock); spin_lock_init(&f->f_lock); mutex_init(&f->f_pos_lock); eventpoll_init_file(f); f->f_flags = flags; f->f_mode = OPEN_FMODE(flags); /* f->f_version: 0 */ return f; } /* Find an unused file structure and return a pointer to it. * Returns an error pointer if some error happend e.g. we over file * structures limit, run out of memory or operation is not permitted. * * Be very careful using this. You are responsible for * getting write access to any mount that you might assign * to this filp, if it is opened for write. If this is not * done, you will imbalance int the mount's writer count * and a warning at __fput() time. */ struct file *alloc_empty_file(int flags, const struct cred *cred) { static long old_max; struct file *f; /* * Privileged users can go above max_files */ if (get_nr_files() >= files_stat.max_files && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) { /* * percpu_counters are inaccurate. Do an expensive check before * we go and fail. */ if (percpu_counter_sum_positive(&nr_files) >= files_stat.max_files) goto over; } f = __alloc_file(flags, cred); if (!IS_ERR(f)) percpu_counter_inc(&nr_files); return f; over: /* Ran out of filps - report that */ if (get_nr_files() > old_max) { pr_info("VFS: file-max limit %lu reached\n", get_max_files()); old_max = get_nr_files(); } return ERR_PTR(-ENFILE); } /* * Variant of alloc_empty_file() that doesn't check and modify nr_files. * * Should not be used unless there's a very good reason to do so. */ struct file *alloc_empty_file_noaccount(int flags, const struct cred *cred) { struct file *f = __alloc_file(flags, cred); if (!IS_ERR(f)) f->f_mode |= FMODE_NOACCOUNT; return f; } /** * alloc_file - allocate and initialize a 'struct file' * * @path: the (dentry, vfsmount) pair for the new file * @flags: O_... flags with which the new file will be opened * @fop: the 'struct file_operations' for the new file */ static struct file *alloc_file(const struct path *path, int flags, const struct file_operations *fop) { struct file *file; file = alloc_empty_file(flags, current_cred()); if (IS_ERR(file)) return file; file->f_path = *path; file->f_inode = path->dentry->d_inode; file->f_mapping = path->dentry->d_inode->i_mapping; file->f_wb_err = filemap_sample_wb_err(file->f_mapping); file->f_sb_err = file_sample_sb_err(file); if ((file->f_mode & FMODE_READ) && likely(fop->read || fop->read_iter)) file->f_mode |= FMODE_CAN_READ; if ((file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE) && likely(fop->write || fop->write_iter)) file->f_mode |= FMODE_CAN_WRITE; file->f_mode |= FMODE_OPENED; file->f_op = fop; if ((file->f_mode & (FMODE_READ | FMODE_WRITE)) == FMODE_READ) i_readcount_inc(path->dentry->d_inode); return file; } struct file *alloc_file_pseudo(struct inode *inode, struct vfsmount *mnt, const char *name, int flags, const struct file_operations *fops) { static const struct dentry_operations anon_ops = { .d_dname = simple_dname }; struct qstr this = QSTR_INIT(name, strlen(name)); struct path path; struct file *file; path.dentry = d_alloc_pseudo(mnt->mnt_sb, &this); if (!path.dentry) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (!mnt->mnt_sb->s_d_op) d_set_d_op(path.dentry, &anon_ops); path.mnt = mntget(mnt); d_instantiate(path.dentry, inode); file = alloc_file(&path, flags, fops); if (IS_ERR(file)) { ihold(inode); path_put(&path); } return file; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(alloc_file_pseudo); struct file *alloc_file_clone(struct file *base, int flags, const struct file_operations *fops) { struct file *f = alloc_file(&base->f_path, flags, fops); if (!IS_ERR(f)) { path_get(&f->f_path); f->f_mapping = base->f_mapping; } return f; } /* the real guts of fput() - releasing the last reference to file */ static void __fput(struct file *file) { struct dentry *dentry = file->f_path.dentry; struct vfsmount *mnt = file->f_path.mnt; struct inode *inode = file->f_inode; fmode_t mode = file->f_mode; if (unlikely(!(file->f_mode & FMODE_OPENED))) goto out; might_sleep(); fsnotify_close(file); /* * The function eventpoll_release() should be the first called * in the file cleanup chain. */ eventpoll_release(file); locks_remove_file(file); ima_file_free(file); if (unlikely(file->f_flags & FASYNC)) { if (file->f_op->fasync) file->f_op->fasync(-1, file, 0); } if (file->f_op->release) file->f_op->release(inode, file); if (unlikely(S_ISCHR(inode->i_mode) && inode->i_cdev != NULL && !(mode & FMODE_PATH))) { cdev_put(inode->i_cdev); } fops_put(file->f_op); put_pid(file->f_owner.pid); if ((mode & (FMODE_READ | FMODE_WRITE)) == FMODE_READ) i_readcount_dec(inode); if (mode & FMODE_WRITER) { put_write_access(inode); __mnt_drop_write(mnt); } dput(dentry); if (unlikely(mode & FMODE_NEED_UNMOUNT)) dissolve_on_fput(mnt); mntput(mnt); out: file_free(file); } static LLIST_HEAD(delayed_fput_list); static void delayed_fput(struct work_struct *unused) { struct llist_node *node = llist_del_all(&delayed_fput_list); struct file *f, *t; llist_for_each_entry_safe(f, t, node, f_u.fu_llist) __fput(f); } static void ____fput(struct callback_head *work) { __fput(container_of(work, struct file, f_u.fu_rcuhead)); } /* * If kernel thread really needs to have the final fput() it has done * to complete, call this. The only user right now is the boot - we * *do* need to make sure our writes to binaries on initramfs has * not left us with opened struct file waiting for __fput() - execve() * won't work without that. Please, don't add more callers without * very good reasons; in particular, never call that with locks * held and never call that from a thread that might need to do * some work on any kind of umount. */ void flush_delayed_fput(void) { delayed_fput(NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(flush_delayed_fput); static DECLARE_DELAYED_WORK(delayed_fput_work, delayed_fput); void fput_many(struct file *file, unsigned int refs) { if (atomic_long_sub_and_test(refs, &file->f_count)) { struct task_struct *task = current; if (likely(!in_interrupt() && !(task->flags & PF_KTHREAD))) { init_task_work(&file->f_u.fu_rcuhead, ____fput); if (!task_work_add(task, &file->f_u.fu_rcuhead, TWA_RESUME)) return; /* * After this task has run exit_task_work(), * task_work_add() will fail. Fall through to delayed * fput to avoid leaking *file. */ } if (llist_add(&file->f_u.fu_llist, &delayed_fput_list)) schedule_delayed_work(&delayed_fput_work, 1); } } void fput(struct file *file) { fput_many(file, 1); } /* * synchronous analog of fput(); for kernel threads that might be needed * in some umount() (and thus can't use flush_delayed_fput() without * risking deadlocks), need to wait for completion of __fput() and know * for this specific struct file it won't involve anything that would * need them. Use only if you really need it - at the very least, * don't blindly convert fput() by kernel thread to that. */ void __fput_sync(struct file *file) { if (atomic_long_dec_and_test(&file->f_count)) { struct task_struct *task = current; BUG_ON(!(task->flags & PF_KTHREAD)); __fput(file); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(fput); void __init files_init(void) { filp_cachep = kmem_cache_create("filp", sizeof(struct file), 0, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN | SLAB_PANIC | SLAB_ACCOUNT, NULL); percpu_counter_init(&nr_files, 0, GFP_KERNEL); } /* * One file with associated inode and dcache is very roughly 1K. Per default * do not use more than 10% of our memory for files. */ void __init files_maxfiles_init(void) { unsigned long n; unsigned long nr_pages = totalram_pages(); unsigned long memreserve = (nr_pages - nr_free_pages()) * 3/2; memreserve = min(memreserve, nr_pages - 1); n = ((nr_pages - memreserve) * (PAGE_SIZE / 1024)) / 10; files_stat.max_files = max_t(unsigned long, n, NR_FILE); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_PERCPU_RWSEM_H #define _LINUX_PERCPU_RWSEM_H #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/rcuwait.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/rcu_sync.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> struct percpu_rw_semaphore { struct rcu_sync rss; unsigned int __percpu *read_count; struct rcuwait writer; wait_queue_head_t waiters; atomic_t block; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC struct lockdep_map dep_map; #endif }; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC #define __PERCPU_RWSEM_DEP_MAP_INIT(lockname) .dep_map = { .name = #lockname }, #else #define __PERCPU_RWSEM_DEP_MAP_INIT(lockname) #endif #define __DEFINE_PERCPU_RWSEM(name, is_static) \ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned int, __percpu_rwsem_rc_##name); \ is_static struct percpu_rw_semaphore name = { \ .rss = __RCU_SYNC_INITIALIZER(name.rss), \ .read_count = &__percpu_rwsem_rc_##name, \ .writer = __RCUWAIT_INITIALIZER(name.writer), \ .waiters = __WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD_INITIALIZER(name.waiters), \ .block = ATOMIC_INIT(0), \ __PERCPU_RWSEM_DEP_MAP_INIT(name) \ } #define DEFINE_PERCPU_RWSEM(name) \ __DEFINE_PERCPU_RWSEM(name, /* not static */) #define DEFINE_STATIC_PERCPU_RWSEM(name) \ __DEFINE_PERCPU_RWSEM(name, static) extern bool __percpu_down_read(struct percpu_rw_semaphore *, bool); static inline void percpu_down_read(struct percpu_rw_semaphore *sem) { might_sleep(); rwsem_acquire_read(&sem->dep_map, 0, 0, _RET_IP_); preempt_disable(); /* * We are in an RCU-sched read-side critical section, so the writer * cannot both change sem->state from readers_fast and start checking * counters while we are here. So if we see !sem->state, we know that * the writer won't be checking until we're past the preempt_enable() * and that once the synchronize_rcu() is done, the writer will see * anything we did within this RCU-sched read-size critical section. */ if (likely(rcu_sync_is_idle(&sem->rss))) this_cpu_inc(*sem->read_count); else __percpu_down_read(sem, false); /* Unconditional memory barrier */ /* * The preempt_enable() prevents the compiler from * bleeding the critical section out. */ preempt_enable(); } static inline bool percpu_down_read_trylock(struct percpu_rw_semaphore *sem) { bool ret = true; preempt_disable(); /* * Same as in percpu_down_read(). */ if (likely(rcu_sync_is_idle(&sem->rss))) this_cpu_inc(*sem->read_count); else ret = __percpu_down_read(sem, true); /* Unconditional memory barrier */ preempt_enable(); /* * The barrier() from preempt_enable() prevents the compiler from * bleeding the critical section out. */ if (ret) rwsem_acquire_read(&sem->dep_map, 0, 1, _RET_IP_); return ret; } static inline void percpu_up_read(struct percpu_rw_semaphore *sem) { rwsem_release(&sem->dep_map, _RET_IP_); preempt_disable(); /* * Same as in percpu_down_read(). */ if (likely(rcu_sync_is_idle(&sem->rss))) { this_cpu_dec(*sem->read_count); } else { /* * slowpath; reader will only ever wake a single blocked * writer. */ smp_mb(); /* B matches C */ /* * In other words, if they see our decrement (presumably to * aggregate zero, as that is the only time it matters) they * will also see our critical section. */ this_cpu_dec(*sem->read_count); rcuwait_wake_up(&sem->writer); } preempt_enable(); } extern void percpu_down_write(struct percpu_rw_semaphore *); extern void percpu_up_write(struct percpu_rw_semaphore *); extern int __percpu_init_rwsem(struct percpu_rw_semaphore *, const char *, struct lock_class_key *); extern void percpu_free_rwsem(struct percpu_rw_semaphore *); #define percpu_init_rwsem(sem) \ ({ \ static struct lock_class_key rwsem_key; \ __percpu_init_rwsem(sem, #sem, &rwsem_key); \ }) #define percpu_rwsem_is_held(sem) lockdep_is_held(sem) #define percpu_rwsem_assert_held(sem) lockdep_assert_held(sem) static inline void percpu_rwsem_release(struct percpu_rw_semaphore *sem, bool read, unsigned long ip) { lock_release(&sem->dep_map, ip); } static inline void percpu_rwsem_acquire(struct percpu_rw_semaphore *sem, bool read, unsigned long ip) { lock_acquire(&sem->dep_map, 0, 1, read, 1, NULL, ip); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_VMACACHE_H #define __LINUX_VMACACHE_H #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/mm.h> static inline void vmacache_flush(struct task_struct *tsk) { memset(tsk->vmacache.vmas, 0, sizeof(tsk->vmacache.vmas)); } extern void vmacache_update(unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct *newvma); extern struct vm_area_struct *vmacache_find(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr); #ifndef CONFIG_MMU extern struct vm_area_struct *vmacache_find_exact(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); #endif static inline void vmacache_invalidate(struct mm_struct *mm) { mm->vmacache_seqnum++; } #endif /* __LINUX_VMACACHE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _INET_COMMON_H #define _INET_COMMON_H #include <linux/indirect_call_wrapper.h> extern const struct proto_ops inet_stream_ops; extern const struct proto_ops inet_dgram_ops; /* * INET4 prototypes used by INET6 */ struct msghdr; struct sock; struct sockaddr; struct socket; int inet_release(struct socket *sock); int inet_stream_connect(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len, int flags); int __inet_stream_connect(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len, int flags, int is_sendmsg); int inet_dgram_connect(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len, int flags); int inet_accept(struct socket *sock, struct socket *newsock, int flags, bool kern); int inet_send_prepare(struct sock *sk); int inet_sendmsg(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, size_t size); ssize_t inet_sendpage(struct socket *sock, struct page *page, int offset, size_t size, int flags); int inet_recvmsg(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, size_t size, int flags); int inet_shutdown(struct socket *sock, int how); int inet_listen(struct socket *sock, int backlog); void inet_sock_destruct(struct sock *sk); int inet_bind(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len); /* Don't allocate port at this moment, defer to connect. */ #define BIND_FORCE_ADDRESS_NO_PORT (1 << 0) /* Grab and release socket lock. */ #define BIND_WITH_LOCK (1 << 1) /* Called from BPF program. */ #define BIND_FROM_BPF (1 << 2) int __inet_bind(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len, u32 flags); int inet_getname(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int peer); int inet_ioctl(struct socket *sock, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); int inet_ctl_sock_create(struct sock **sk, unsigned short family, unsigned short type, unsigned char protocol, struct net *net); int inet_recv_error(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, int len, int *addr_len); struct sk_buff *inet_gro_receive(struct list_head *head, struct sk_buff *skb); int inet_gro_complete(struct sk_buff *skb, int nhoff); struct sk_buff *inet_gso_segment(struct sk_buff *skb, netdev_features_t features); static inline void inet_ctl_sock_destroy(struct sock *sk) { if (sk) sock_release(sk->sk_socket); } #define indirect_call_gro_receive(f2, f1, cb, head, skb) \ ({ \ unlikely(gro_recursion_inc_test(skb)) ? \ NAPI_GRO_CB(skb)->flush |= 1, NULL : \ INDIRECT_CALL_2(cb, f2, f1, head, skb); \ }) #endif
1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Operations on the network namespace */ #ifndef __NET_NET_NAMESPACE_H #define __NET_NET_NAMESPACE_H #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> #include <net/flow.h> #include <net/netns/core.h> #include <net/netns/mib.h> #include <net/netns/unix.h> #include <net/netns/packet.h> #include <net/netns/ipv4.h> #include <net/netns/ipv6.h> #include <net/netns/nexthop.h> #include <net/netns/ieee802154_6lowpan.h> #include <net/netns/sctp.h> #include <net/netns/dccp.h> #include <net/netns/netfilter.h> #include <net/netns/x_tables.h> #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) || defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MODULE) #include <net/netns/conntrack.h> #endif #include <net/netns/nftables.h> #include <net/netns/xfrm.h> #include <net/netns/mpls.h> #include <net/netns/can.h> #include <net/netns/xdp.h> #include <net/netns/bpf.h> #include <linux/ns_common.h> #include <linux/idr.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/notifier.h> struct user_namespace; struct proc_dir_entry; struct net_device; struct sock; struct ctl_table_header; struct net_generic; struct uevent_sock; struct netns_ipvs; struct bpf_prog; #define NETDEV_HASHBITS 8 #define NETDEV_HASHENTRIES (1 << NETDEV_HASHBITS) struct net { /* First cache line can be often dirtied. * Do not place here read-mostly fields. */ refcount_t passive; /* To decide when the network * namespace should be freed. */ refcount_t count; /* To decided when the network * namespace should be shut down. */ spinlock_t rules_mod_lock; unsigned int dev_unreg_count; unsigned int dev_base_seq; /* protected by rtnl_mutex */ int ifindex; spinlock_t nsid_lock; atomic_t fnhe_genid; struct list_head list; /* list of network namespaces */ struct list_head exit_list; /* To linked to call pernet exit * methods on dead net ( * pernet_ops_rwsem read locked), * or to unregister pernet ops * (pernet_ops_rwsem write locked). */ struct llist_node cleanup_list; /* namespaces on death row */ #ifdef CONFIG_KEYS struct key_tag *key_domain; /* Key domain of operation tag */ #endif struct user_namespace *user_ns; /* Owning user namespace */ struct ucounts *ucounts; struct idr netns_ids; struct ns_common ns; struct list_head dev_base_head; struct proc_dir_entry *proc_net; struct proc_dir_entry *proc_net_stat; #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL struct ctl_tab