1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Percpu refcounts: * (C) 2012 Google, Inc. * Author: Kent Overstreet <koverstreet@google.com> * * This implements a refcount with similar semantics to atomic_t - atomic_inc(), * atomic_dec_and_test() - but percpu. * * There's one important difference between percpu refs and normal atomic_t * refcounts; you have to keep track of your initial refcount, and then when you * start shutting down you call percpu_ref_kill() _before_ dropping the initial * refcount. * * The refcount will have a range of 0 to ((1U << 31) - 1), i.e. one bit less * than an atomic_t - this is because of the way shutdown works, see * percpu_ref_kill()/PERCPU_COUNT_BIAS. * * Before you call percpu_ref_kill(), percpu_ref_put() does not check for the * refcount hitting 0 - it can't, if it was in percpu mode. percpu_ref_kill() * puts the ref back in single atomic_t mode, collecting the per cpu refs and * issuing the appropriate barriers, and then marks the ref as shutting down so * that percpu_ref_put() will check for the ref hitting 0. After it returns, * it's safe to drop the initial ref. * * USAGE: * * See fs/aio.c for some example usage; it's used there for struct kioctx, which * is created when userspaces calls io_setup(), and destroyed when userspace * calls io_destroy() or the process exits. * * In the aio code, kill_ioctx() is called when we wish to destroy a kioctx; it * removes the kioctx from the proccess's table of kioctxs and kills percpu_ref. * After that, there can't be any new users of the kioctx (from lookup_ioctx()) * and it's then safe to drop the initial ref with percpu_ref_put(). * * Note that the free path, free_ioctx(), needs to go through explicit call_rcu() * to synchronize with RCU protected lookup_ioctx(). percpu_ref operations don't * imply RCU grace periods of any kind and if a user wants to combine percpu_ref * with RCU protection, it must be done explicitly. * * Code that does a two stage shutdown like this often needs some kind of * explicit synchronization to ensure the initial refcount can only be dropped * once - percpu_ref_kill() does this for you, it returns true once and false if * someone else already called it. The aio code uses it this way, but it's not * necessary if the code has some other mechanism to synchronize teardown. * around. */ #ifndef _LINUX_PERCPU_REFCOUNT_H #define _LINUX_PERCPU_REFCOUNT_H #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> struct percpu_ref; typedef void (percpu_ref_func_t)(struct percpu_ref *); /* flags set in the lower bits of percpu_ref->percpu_count_ptr */ enum { __PERCPU_REF_ATOMIC = 1LU << 0, /* operating in atomic mode */ __PERCPU_REF_DEAD = 1LU << 1, /* (being) killed */ __PERCPU_REF_ATOMIC_DEAD = __PERCPU_REF_ATOMIC | __PERCPU_REF_DEAD, __PERCPU_REF_FLAG_BITS = 2, }; /* @flags for percpu_ref_init() */ enum { /* * Start w/ ref == 1 in atomic mode. Can be switched to percpu * operation using percpu_ref_switch_to_percpu(). If initialized * with this flag, the ref will stay in atomic mode until * percpu_ref_switch_to_percpu() is invoked on it. * Implies ALLOW_REINIT. */ PERCPU_REF_INIT_ATOMIC = 1 << 0, /* * Start dead w/ ref == 0 in atomic mode. Must be revived with * percpu_ref_reinit() before used. Implies INIT_ATOMIC and * ALLOW_REINIT. */ PERCPU_REF_INIT_DEAD = 1 << 1, /* * Allow switching from atomic mode to percpu mode. */ PERCPU_REF_ALLOW_REINIT = 1 << 2, }; struct percpu_ref_data { atomic_long_t count; percpu_ref_func_t *release; percpu_ref_func_t *confirm_switch; bool force_atomic:1; bool allow_reinit:1; struct rcu_head rcu; struct percpu_ref *ref; }; struct percpu_ref { /* * The low bit of the pointer indicates whether the ref is in percpu * mode; if set, then get/put will manipulate the atomic_t. */ unsigned long percpu_count_ptr; /* * 'percpu_ref' is often embedded into user structure, and only * 'percpu_count_ptr' is required in fast path, move other fields * into 'percpu_ref_data', so we can reduce memory footprint in * fast path. */ struct percpu_ref_data *data; }; int __must_check percpu_ref_init(struct percpu_ref *ref, percpu_ref_func_t *release, unsigned int flags, gfp_t gfp); void percpu_ref_exit(struct percpu_ref *ref); void percpu_ref_switch_to_atomic(struct percpu_ref *ref, percpu_ref_func_t *confirm_switch); void percpu_ref_switch_to_atomic_sync(struct percpu_ref *ref); void percpu_ref_switch_to_percpu(struct percpu_ref *ref); void percpu_ref_kill_and_confirm(struct percpu_ref *ref, percpu_ref_func_t *confirm_kill); void percpu_ref_resurrect(struct percpu_ref *ref); void percpu_ref_reinit(struct percpu_ref *ref); bool percpu_ref_is_zero(struct percpu_ref *ref); /** * percpu_ref_kill - drop the initial ref * @ref: percpu_ref to kill * * Must be used to drop the initial ref on a percpu refcount; must be called * precisely once before shutdown. * * Switches @ref into atomic mode before gathering up the percpu counters * and dropping the initial ref. * * There are no implied RCU grace periods between kill and release. */ static inline void percpu_ref_kill(struct percpu_ref *ref) { percpu_ref_kill_and_confirm(ref, NULL); } /* * Internal helper. Don't use outside percpu-refcount proper. The * function doesn't return the pointer and let the caller test it for NULL * because doing so forces the compiler to generate two conditional * branches as it can't assume that @ref->percpu_count is not NULL. */ static inline bool __ref_is_percpu(struct percpu_ref *ref, unsigned long __percpu **percpu_countp) { unsigned long percpu_ptr; /* * The value of @ref->percpu_count_ptr is tested for * !__PERCPU_REF_ATOMIC, which may be set asynchronously, and then * used as a pointer. If the compiler generates a separate fetch * when using it as a pointer, __PERCPU_REF_ATOMIC may be set in * between contaminating the pointer value, meaning that * READ_ONCE() is required when fetching it. * * The dependency ordering from the READ_ONCE() pairs * with smp_store_release() in __percpu_ref_switch_to_percpu(). */ percpu_ptr = READ_ONCE(ref->percpu_count_ptr); /* * Theoretically, the following could test just ATOMIC; however, * then we'd have to mask off DEAD separately as DEAD may be * visible without ATOMIC if we race with percpu_ref_kill(). DEAD * implies ATOMIC anyway. Test them together. */ if (unlikely(percpu_ptr & __PERCPU_REF_ATOMIC_DEAD)) return false; *percpu_countp = (unsigned long __percpu *)percpu_ptr; return true; } /** * percpu_ref_get_many - increment a percpu refcount * @ref: percpu_ref to get * @nr: number of references to get * * Analogous to atomic_long_add(). * * This function is safe to call as long as @ref is between init and exit. */ static inline void percpu_ref_get_many(struct percpu_ref *ref, unsigned long nr) { unsigned long __percpu *percpu_count; rcu_read_lock(); if (__ref_is_percpu(ref, &percpu_count)) this_cpu_add(*percpu_count, nr); else atomic_long_add(nr, &ref->data->count); rcu_read_unlock(); } /** * percpu_ref_get - increment a percpu refcount * @ref: percpu_ref to get * * Analagous to atomic_long_inc(). * * This function is safe to call as long as @ref is between init and exit. */ static inline void percpu_ref_get(struct percpu_ref *ref) { percpu_ref_get_many(ref, 1); } /** * percpu_ref_tryget_many - try to increment a percpu refcount * @ref: percpu_ref to try-get * @nr: number of references to get * * Increment a percpu refcount by @nr unless its count already reached zero. * Returns %true on success; %false on failure. * * This function is safe to call as long as @ref is between init and exit. */ static inline bool percpu_ref_tryget_many(struct percpu_ref *ref, unsigned long nr) { unsigned long __percpu *percpu_count; bool ret; rcu_read_lock(); if (__ref_is_percpu(ref, &percpu_count)) { this_cpu_add(*percpu_count, nr); ret = true; } else { ret = atomic_long_add_unless(&ref->data->count, nr, 0); } rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } /** * percpu_ref_tryget - try to increment a percpu refcount * @ref: percpu_ref to try-get * * Increment a percpu refcount unless its count already reached zero. * Returns %true on success; %false on failure. * * This function is safe to call as long as @ref is between init and exit. */ static inline bool percpu_ref_tryget(struct percpu_ref *ref) { return percpu_ref_tryget_many(ref, 1); } /** * percpu_ref_tryget_live - try to increment a live percpu refcount * @ref: percpu_ref to try-get * * Increment a percpu refcount unless it has already been killed. Returns * %true on success; %false on failure. * * Completion of percpu_ref_kill() in itself doesn't guarantee that this * function will fail. For such guarantee, percpu_ref_kill_and_confirm() * should be used. After the confirm_kill callback is invoked, it's * guaranteed that no new reference will be given out by * percpu_ref_tryget_live(). * * This function is safe to call as long as @ref is between init and exit. */ static inline bool percpu_ref_tryget_live(struct percpu_ref *ref) { unsigned long __percpu *percpu_count; bool ret = false; rcu_read_lock(); if (__ref_is_percpu(ref, &percpu_count)) { this_cpu_inc(*percpu_count); ret = true; } else if (!(ref->percpu_count_ptr & __PERCPU_REF_DEAD)) { ret = atomic_long_inc_not_zero(&ref->data->count); } rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } /** * percpu_ref_put_many - decrement a percpu refcount * @ref: percpu_ref to put * @nr: number of references to put * * Decrement the refcount, and if 0, call the release function (which was passed * to percpu_ref_init()) * * This function is safe to call as long as @ref is between init and exit. */ static inline void percpu_ref_put_many(struct percpu_ref *ref, unsigned long nr) { unsigned long __percpu *percpu_count; rcu_read_lock(); if (__ref_is_percpu(ref, &percpu_count)) this_cpu_sub(*percpu_count, nr); else if (unlikely(atomic_long_sub_and_test(nr, &ref->data->count))) ref->data->release(ref); rcu_read_unlock(); } /** * percpu_ref_put - decrement a percpu refcount * @ref: percpu_ref to put * * Decrement the refcount, and if 0, call the release function (which was passed * to percpu_ref_init()) * * This function is safe to call as long as @ref is between init and exit. */ static inline void percpu_ref_put(struct percpu_ref *ref) { percpu_ref_put_many(ref, 1); } /** * percpu_ref_is_dying - test whether a percpu refcount is dying or dead * @ref: percpu_ref to test * * Returns %true if @ref is dying or dead. * * This function is safe to call as long as @ref is between init and exit * and the caller is responsible for synchronizing against state changes. */ static inline bool percpu_ref_is_dying(struct percpu_ref *ref) { return ref->percpu_count_ptr & __PERCPU_REF_DEAD; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 /* * include/linux/ktime.h * * ktime_t - nanosecond-resolution time format. * * Copyright(C) 2005, Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> * Copyright(C) 2005, Red Hat, Inc., Ingo Molnar * * data type definitions, declarations, prototypes and macros. * * Started by: Thomas Gleixner and Ingo Molnar * * Credits: * * Roman Zippel provided the ideas and primary code snippets of * the ktime_t union and further simplifications of the original * code. * * For licencing details see kernel-base/COPYING */ #ifndef _LINUX_KTIME_H #define _LINUX_KTIME_H #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/jiffies.h> #include <asm/bug.h> /* Nanosecond scalar representation for kernel time values */ typedef s64 ktime_t; /** * ktime_set - Set a ktime_t variable from a seconds/nanoseconds value * @secs: seconds to set * @nsecs: nanoseconds to set * * Return: The ktime_t representation of the value. */ static inline ktime_t ktime_set(const s64 secs, const unsigned long nsecs) { if (unlikely(secs >= KTIME_SEC_MAX)) return KTIME_MAX; return secs * NSEC_PER_SEC + (s64)nsecs; } /* Subtract two ktime_t variables. rem = lhs -rhs: */ #define ktime_sub(lhs, rhs) ((lhs) - (rhs)) /* Add two ktime_t variables. res = lhs + rhs: */ #define ktime_add(lhs, rhs) ((lhs) + (rhs)) /* * Same as ktime_add(), but avoids undefined behaviour on overflow; however, * this means that you must check the result for overflow yourself. */ #define ktime_add_unsafe(lhs, rhs) ((u64) (lhs) + (rhs)) /* * Add a ktime_t variable and a scalar nanosecond value. * res = kt + nsval: */ #define ktime_add_ns(kt, nsval) ((kt) + (nsval)) /* * Subtract a scalar nanosecod from a ktime_t variable * res = kt - nsval: */ #define ktime_sub_ns(kt, nsval) ((kt) - (nsval)) /* convert a timespec64 to ktime_t format: */ static inline ktime_t timespec64_to_ktime(struct timespec64 ts) { return ktime_set(ts.tv_sec, ts.tv_nsec); } /* Map the ktime_t to timespec conversion to ns_to_timespec function */ #define ktime_to_timespec64(kt) ns_to_timespec64((kt)) /* Convert ktime_t to nanoseconds */ static inline s64 ktime_to_ns(const ktime_t kt) { return kt; } /** * ktime_compare - Compares two ktime_t variables for less, greater or equal * @cmp1: comparable1 * @cmp2: comparable2 * * Return: ... * cmp1 < cmp2: return <0 * cmp1 == cmp2: return 0 * cmp1 > cmp2: return >0 */ static inline int ktime_compare(const ktime_t cmp1, const ktime_t cmp2) { if (cmp1 < cmp2) return -1; if (cmp1 > cmp2) return 1; return 0; } /** * ktime_after - Compare if a ktime_t value is bigger than another one. * @cmp1: comparable1 * @cmp2: comparable2 * * Return: true if cmp1 happened after cmp2. */ static inline bool ktime_after(const ktime_t cmp1, const ktime_t cmp2) { return ktime_compare(cmp1, cmp2) > 0; } /** * ktime_before - Compare if a ktime_t value is smaller than another one. * @cmp1: comparable1 * @cmp2: comparable2 * * Return: true if cmp1 happened before cmp2. */ static inline bool ktime_before(const ktime_t cmp1, const ktime_t cmp2) { return ktime_compare(cmp1, cmp2) < 0; } #if BITS_PER_LONG < 64 extern s64 __ktime_divns(const ktime_t kt, s64 div); static inline s64 ktime_divns(const ktime_t kt, s64 div) { /* * Negative divisors could cause an inf loop, * so bug out here. */ BUG_ON(div < 0); if (__builtin_constant_p(div) && !(div >> 32)) { s64 ns = kt; u64 tmp = ns < 0 ? -ns : ns; do_div(tmp, div); return ns < 0 ? -tmp : tmp; } else { return __ktime_divns(kt, div); } } #else /* BITS_PER_LONG < 64 */ static inline s64 ktime_divns(const ktime_t kt, s64 div) { /* * 32-bit implementation cannot handle negative divisors, * so catch them on 64bit as well. */ WARN_ON(div < 0); return kt / div; } #endif static inline s64 ktime_to_us(const ktime_t kt) { return ktime_divns(kt, NSEC_PER_USEC); } static inline s64 ktime_to_ms(const ktime_t kt) { return ktime_divns(kt, NSEC_PER_MSEC); } static inline s64 ktime_us_delta(const ktime_t later, const ktime_t earlier) { return ktime_to_us(ktime_sub(later, earlier)); } static inline s64 ktime_ms_delta(const ktime_t later, const ktime_t earlier) { return ktime_to_ms(ktime_sub(later, earlier)); } static inline ktime_t ktime_add_us(const ktime_t kt, const u64 usec) { return ktime_add_ns(kt, usec * NSEC_PER_USEC); } static inline ktime_t ktime_add_ms(const ktime_t kt, const u64 msec) { return ktime_add_ns(kt, msec * NSEC_PER_MSEC); } static inline ktime_t ktime_sub_us(const ktime_t kt, const u64 usec) { return ktime_sub_ns(kt, usec * NSEC_PER_USEC); } static inline ktime_t ktime_sub_ms(const ktime_t kt, const u64 msec) { return ktime_sub_ns(kt, msec * NSEC_PER_MSEC); } extern ktime_t ktime_add_safe(const ktime_t lhs, const ktime_t rhs); /** * ktime_to_timespec64_cond - convert a ktime_t variable to timespec64 * format only if the variable contains data * @kt: the ktime_t variable to convert * @ts: the timespec variable to store the result in * * Return: %true if there was a successful conversion, %false if kt was 0. */ static inline __must_check bool ktime_to_timespec64_cond(const ktime_t kt, struct timespec64 *ts) { if (kt) { *ts = ktime_to_timespec64(kt); return true; } else { return false; } } #include <vdso/ktime.h> static inline ktime_t ns_to_ktime(u64 ns) { return ns; } static inline ktime_t ms_to_ktime(u64 ms) { return ms * NSEC_PER_MSEC; } # include <linux/timekeeping.h> # include <linux/timekeeping32.h> #endif
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Copyright (C) 2001 Momchil Velikov * Portions Copyright (C) 2001 Christoph Hellwig * Copyright (C) 2006 Nick Piggin * Copyright (C) 2012 Konstantin Khlebnikov */ #ifndef _LINUX_RADIX_TREE_H #define _LINUX_RADIX_TREE_H #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/preempt.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/xarray.h> #include <linux/local_lock.h> /* Keep unconverted code working */ #define radix_tree_root xarray #define radix_tree_node xa_node struct radix_tree_preload { local_lock_t lock; unsigned nr; /* nodes->parent points to next preallocated node */ struct radix_tree_node *nodes; }; DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct radix_tree_preload, radix_tree_preloads); /* * The bottom two bits of the slot determine how the remaining bits in the * slot are interpreted: * * 00 - data pointer * 10 - internal entry * x1 - value entry * * The internal entry may be a pointer to the next level in the tree, a * sibling entry, or an indicator that the entry in this slot has been moved * to another location in the tree and the lookup should be restarted. While * NULL fits the 'data pointer' pattern, it means that there is no entry in * the tree for this index (no matter what level of the tree it is found at). * This means that storing a NULL entry in the tree is the same as deleting * the entry from the tree. */ #define RADIX_TREE_ENTRY_MASK 3UL #define RADIX_TREE_INTERNAL_NODE 2UL static inline bool radix_tree_is_internal_node(void *ptr) { return ((unsigned long)ptr & RADIX_TREE_ENTRY_MASK) == RADIX_TREE_INTERNAL_NODE; } /*** radix-tree API starts here ***/ #define RADIX_TREE_MAP_SHIFT XA_CHUNK_SHIFT #define RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE (1UL << RADIX_TREE_MAP_SHIFT) #define RADIX_TREE_MAP_MASK (RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE-1) #define RADIX_TREE_MAX_TAGS XA_MAX_MARKS #define RADIX_TREE_TAG_LONGS XA_MARK_LONGS #define RADIX_TREE_INDEX_BITS (8 /* CHAR_BIT */ * sizeof(unsigned long)) #define RADIX_TREE_MAX_PATH (DIV_ROUND_UP(RADIX_TREE_INDEX_BITS, \ RADIX_TREE_MAP_SHIFT)) /* The IDR tag is stored in the low bits of xa_flags */ #define ROOT_IS_IDR ((__force gfp_t)4) /* The top bits of xa_flags are used to store the root tags */ #define ROOT_TAG_SHIFT (__GFP_BITS_SHIFT) #define RADIX_TREE_INIT(name, mask) XARRAY_INIT(name, mask) #define RADIX_TREE(name, mask) \ struct radix_tree_root name = RADIX_TREE_INIT(name, mask) #define INIT_RADIX_TREE(root, mask) xa_init_flags(root, mask) static inline bool radix_tree_empty(const struct radix_tree_root *root) { return root->xa_head == NULL; } /** * struct radix_tree_iter - radix tree iterator state * * @index: index of current slot * @next_index: one beyond the last index for this chunk * @tags: bit-mask for tag-iterating * @node: node that contains current slot * * This radix tree iterator works in terms of "chunks" of slots. A chunk is a * subinterval of slots contained within one radix tree leaf node. It is * described by a pointer to its first slot and a struct radix_tree_iter * which holds the chunk's position in the tree and its size. For tagged * iteration radix_tree_iter also holds the slots' bit-mask for one chosen * radix tree tag. */ struct radix_tree_iter { unsigned long index; unsigned long next_index; unsigned long tags; struct radix_tree_node *node; }; /** * Radix-tree synchronization * * The radix-tree API requires that users provide all synchronisation (with * specific exceptions, noted below). * * Synchronization of access to the data items being stored in the tree, and * management of their lifetimes must be completely managed by API users. * * For API usage, in general, * - any function _modifying_ the tree or tags (inserting or deleting * items, setting or clearing tags) must exclude other modifications, and * exclude any functions reading the tree. * - any function _reading_ the tree or tags (looking up items or tags, * gang lookups) must exclude modifications to the tree, but may occur * concurrently with other readers. * * The notable exceptions to this rule are the following functions: * __radix_tree_lookup * radix_tree_lookup * radix_tree_lookup_slot * radix_tree_tag_get * radix_tree_gang_lookup * radix_tree_gang_lookup_tag * radix_tree_gang_lookup_tag_slot * radix_tree_tagged * * The first 7 functions are able to be called locklessly, using RCU. The * caller must ensure calls to these functions are made within rcu_read_lock() * regions. Other readers (lock-free or otherwise) and modifications may be * running concurrently. * * It is still required that the caller manage the synchronization and lifetimes * of the items. So if RCU lock-free lookups are used, typically this would mean * that the items have their own locks, or are amenable to lock-free access; and * that the items are freed by RCU (or only freed after having been deleted from * the radix tree *and* a synchronize_rcu() grace period). * * (Note, rcu_assign_pointer and rcu_dereference are not needed to control * access to data items when inserting into or looking up from the radix tree) * * Note that the value returned by radix_tree_tag_get() may not be relied upon * if only the RCU read lock is held. Functions to set/clear tags and to * delete nodes running concurrently with it may affect its result such that * two consecutive reads in the same locked section may return different * values. If reliability is required, modification functions must also be * excluded from concurrency. * * radix_tree_tagged is able to be called without locking or RCU. */ /** * radix_tree_deref_slot - dereference a slot * @slot: slot pointer, returned by radix_tree_lookup_slot * * For use with radix_tree_lookup_slot(). Caller must hold tree at least read * locked across slot lookup and dereference. Not required if write lock is * held (ie. items cannot be concurrently inserted). * * radix_tree_deref_retry must be used to confirm validity of the pointer if * only the read lock is held. * * Return: entry stored in that slot. */ static inline void *radix_tree_deref_slot(void __rcu **slot) { return rcu_dereference(*slot); } /** * radix_tree_deref_slot_protected - dereference a slot with tree lock held * @slot: slot pointer, returned by radix_tree_lookup_slot * * Similar to radix_tree_deref_slot. The caller does not hold the RCU read * lock but it must hold the tree lock to prevent parallel updates. * * Return: entry stored in that slot. */ static inline void *radix_tree_deref_slot_protected(void __rcu **slot, spinlock_t *treelock) { return rcu_dereference_protected(*slot, lockdep_is_held(treelock)); } /** * radix_tree_deref_retry - check radix_tree_deref_slot * @arg: pointer returned by radix_tree_deref_slot * Returns: 0 if retry is not required, otherwise retry is required * * radix_tree_deref_retry must be used with radix_tree_deref_slot. */ static inline int radix_tree_deref_retry(void *arg) { return unlikely(radix_tree_is_internal_node(arg)); } /** * radix_tree_exception - radix_tree_deref_slot returned either exception? * @arg: value returned by radix_tree_deref_slot * Returns: 0 if well-aligned pointer, non-0 if either kind of exception. */ static inline int radix_tree_exception(void *arg) { return unlikely((unsigned long)arg & RADIX_TREE_ENTRY_MASK); } int radix_tree_insert(struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned long index, void *); void *__radix_tree_lookup(const struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned long index, struct radix_tree_node **nodep, void __rcu ***slotp); void *radix_tree_lookup(const struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned long); void __rcu **radix_tree_lookup_slot(const struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned long index); void __radix_tree_replace(struct radix_tree_root *, struct radix_tree_node *, void __rcu **slot, void *entry); void radix_tree_iter_replace(struct radix_tree_root *, const struct radix_tree_iter *, void __rcu **slot, void *entry); void radix_tree_replace_slot(struct radix_tree_root *, void __rcu **slot, void *entry); void radix_tree_iter_delete(struct radix_tree_root *, struct radix_tree_iter *iter, void __rcu **slot); void *radix_tree_delete_item(struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned long, void *); void *radix_tree_delete(struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned long); unsigned int radix_tree_gang_lookup(const struct radix_tree_root *, void **results, unsigned long first_index, unsigned int max_items); int radix_tree_preload(gfp_t gfp_mask); int radix_tree_maybe_preload(gfp_t gfp_mask); void radix_tree_init(void); void *radix_tree_tag_set(struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned long index, unsigned int tag); void *radix_tree_tag_clear(struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned long index, unsigned int tag); int radix_tree_tag_get(const struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned long index, unsigned int tag); void radix_tree_iter_tag_clear(struct radix_tree_root *, const struct radix_tree_iter *iter, unsigned int tag); unsigned int radix_tree_gang_lookup_tag(const struct radix_tree_root *, void **results, unsigned long first_index, unsigned int max_items, unsigned int tag); unsigned int radix_tree_gang_lookup_tag_slot(const struct radix_tree_root *, void __rcu ***results, unsigned long first_index, unsigned int max_items, unsigned int tag); int radix_tree_tagged(const struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned int tag); static inline void radix_tree_preload_end(void) { local_unlock(&radix_tree_preloads.lock); } void __rcu **idr_get_free(struct radix_tree_root *root, struct radix_tree_iter *iter, gfp_t gfp, unsigned long max); enum { RADIX_TREE_ITER_TAG_MASK = 0x0f, /* tag index in lower nybble */ RADIX_TREE_ITER_TAGGED = 0x10, /* lookup tagged slots */ RADIX_TREE_ITER_CONTIG = 0x20, /* stop at first hole */ }; /** * radix_tree_iter_init - initialize radix tree iterator * * @iter: pointer to iterator state * @start: iteration starting index * Returns: NULL */ static __always_inline void __rcu ** radix_tree_iter_init(struct radix_tree_iter *iter, unsigned long start) { /* * Leave iter->tags uninitialized. radix_tree_next_chunk() will fill it * in the case of a successful tagged chunk lookup. If the lookup was * unsuccessful or non-tagged then nobody cares about ->tags. * * Set index to zero to bypass next_index overflow protection. * See the comment in radix_tree_next_chunk() for details. */ iter->index = 0; iter->next_index = start; return NULL; } /** * radix_tree_next_chunk - find next chunk of slots for iteration * * @root: radix tree root * @iter: iterator state * @flags: RADIX_TREE_ITER_* flags and tag index * Returns: pointer to chunk first slot, or NULL if there no more left * * This function looks up the next chunk in the radix tree starting from * @iter->next_index. It returns a pointer to the chunk's first slot. * Also it fills @iter with data about chunk: position in the tree (index), * its end (next_index), and constructs a bit mask for tagged iterating (tags). */ void __rcu **radix_tree_next_chunk(const struct radix_tree_root *, struct radix_tree_iter *iter, unsigned flags); /** * radix_tree_iter_lookup - look up an index in the radix tree * @root: radix tree root * @iter: iterator state * @index: key to look up * * If @index is present in the radix tree, this function returns the slot * containing it and updates @iter to describe the entry. If @index is not * present, it returns NULL. */ static inline void __rcu ** radix_tree_iter_lookup(const struct radix_tree_root *root, struct radix_tree_iter *iter, unsigned long index) { radix_tree_iter_init(iter, index); return radix_tree_next_chunk(root, iter, RADIX_TREE_ITER_CONTIG); } /** * radix_tree_iter_retry - retry this chunk of the iteration * @iter: iterator state * * If we iterate over a tree protected only by the RCU lock, a race * against deletion or creation may result in seeing a slot for which * radix_tree_deref_retry() returns true. If so, call this function * and continue the iteration. */ static inline __must_check void __rcu **radix_tree_iter_retry(struct radix_tree_iter *iter) { iter->next_index = iter->index; iter->tags = 0; return NULL; } static inline unsigned long __radix_tree_iter_add(struct radix_tree_iter *iter, unsigned long slots) { return iter->index + slots; } /** * radix_tree_iter_resume - resume iterating when the chunk may be invalid * @slot: pointer to current slot * @iter: iterator state * Returns: New slot pointer * * If the iterator needs to release then reacquire a lock, the chunk may * have been invalidated by an insertion or deletion. Call this function * before releasing the lock to continue the iteration from the next index. */ void __rcu **__must_check radix_tree_iter_resume(void __rcu **slot, struct radix_tree_iter *iter); /** * radix_tree_chunk_size - get current chunk size * * @iter: pointer to radix tree iterator * Returns: current chunk size */ static __always_inline long radix_tree_chunk_size(struct radix_tree_iter *iter) { return iter->next_index - iter->index; } /** * radix_tree_next_slot - find next slot in chunk * * @slot: pointer to current slot * @iter: pointer to iterator state * @flags: RADIX_TREE_ITER_*, should be constant * Returns: pointer to next slot, or NULL if there no more left * * This function updates @iter->index in the case of a successful lookup. * For tagged lookup it also eats @iter->tags. * * There are several cases where 'slot' can be passed in as NULL to this * function. These cases result from the use of radix_tree_iter_resume() or * radix_tree_iter_retry(). In these cases we don't end up dereferencing * 'slot' because either: * a) we are doing tagged iteration and iter->tags has been set to 0, or * b) we are doing non-tagged iteration, and iter->index and iter->next_index * have been set up so that radix_tree_chunk_size() returns 1 or 0. */ static __always_inline void __rcu **radix_tree_next_slot(void __rcu **slot, struct radix_tree_iter *iter, unsigned flags) { if (flags & RADIX_TREE_ITER_TAGGED) { iter->tags >>= 1; if (unlikely(!iter->tags)) return NULL; if (likely(iter->tags & 1ul)) { iter->index = __radix_tree_iter_add(iter, 1); slot++; goto found; } if (!(flags & RADIX_TREE_ITER_CONTIG)) { unsigned offset = __ffs(iter->tags); iter->tags >>= offset++; iter->index = __radix_tree_iter_add(iter, offset); slot += offset; goto found; } } else { long count = radix_tree_chunk_size(iter); while (--count > 0) { slot++; iter->index = __radix_tree_iter_add(iter, 1); if (likely(*slot)) goto found; if (flags & RADIX_TREE_ITER_CONTIG) { /* forbid switching to the next chunk */ iter->next_index = 0; break; } } } return NULL; found: return slot; } /** * radix_tree_for_each_slot - iterate over non-empty slots * * @slot: the void** variable for pointer to slot * @root: the struct radix_tree_root pointer * @iter: the struct radix_tree_iter pointer * @start: iteration starting index * * @slot points to radix tree slot, @iter->index contains its index. */ #define radix_tree_for_each_slot(slot, root, iter, start) \ for (slot = radix_tree_iter_init(iter, start) ; \ slot || (slot = radix_tree_next_chunk(root, iter, 0)) ; \ slot = radix_tree_next_slot(slot, iter, 0)) /** * radix_tree_for_each_tagged - iterate over tagged slots * * @slot: the void** variable for pointer to slot * @root: the struct radix_tree_root pointer * @iter: the struct radix_tree_iter pointer * @start: iteration starting index * @tag: tag index * * @slot points to radix tree slot, @iter->index contains its index. */ #define radix_tree_for_each_tagged(slot, root, iter, start, tag) \ for (slot = radix_tree_iter_init(iter, start) ; \ slot || (slot = radix_tree_next_chunk(root, iter, \ RADIX_TREE_ITER_TAGGED | tag)) ; \ slot = radix_tree_next_slot(slot, iter, \ RADIX_TREE_ITER_TAGGED | tag)) #endif /* _LINUX_RADIX_TREE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_PATH_H #define _LINUX_PATH_H struct dentry; struct vfsmount; struct path { struct vfsmount *mnt; struct dentry *dentry; } __randomize_layout; extern void path_get(const struct path *); extern void path_put(const struct path *); static inline int path_equal(const struct path *path1, const struct path *path2) { return path1->mnt == path2->mnt && path1->dentry == path2->dentry; } static inline void path_put_init(struct path *path) { path_put(path); *path = (struct path) { }; } #endif /* _LINUX_PATH_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __NET_FRAG_H__ #define __NET_FRAG_H__ #include <linux/rhashtable-types.h> #include <linux/completion.h> /* Per netns frag queues directory */ struct fqdir { /* sysctls */ long high_thresh; long low_thresh; int timeout; int max_dist; struct inet_frags *f; struct net *net; bool dead; struct rhashtable rhashtable ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /* Keep atomic mem on separate cachelines in structs that include it */ atomic_long_t mem ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; struct work_struct destroy_work; }; /** * fragment queue flags * * @INET_FRAG_FIRST_IN: first fragment has arrived * @INET_FRAG_LAST_IN: final fragment has arrived * @INET_FRAG_COMPLETE: frag queue has been processed and is due for destruction * @INET_FRAG_HASH_DEAD: inet_frag_kill() has not removed fq from rhashtable */ enum { INET_FRAG_FIRST_IN = BIT(0), INET_FRAG_LAST_IN = BIT(1), INET_FRAG_COMPLETE = BIT(2), INET_FRAG_HASH_DEAD = BIT(3), }; struct frag_v4_compare_key { __be32 saddr; __be32 daddr; u32 user; u32 vif; __be16 id; u16 protocol; }; struct frag_v6_compare_key { struct in6_addr saddr; struct in6_addr daddr; u32 user; __be32 id; u32 iif; }; /** * struct inet_frag_queue - fragment queue * * @node: rhash node * @key: keys identifying this frag. * @timer: queue expiration timer * @lock: spinlock protecting this frag * @refcnt: reference count of the queue * @rb_fragments: received fragments rb-tree root * @fragments_tail: received fragments tail * @last_run_head: the head of the last "run". see ip_fragment.c * @stamp: timestamp of the last received fragment * @len: total length of the original datagram * @meat: length of received fragments so far * @flags: fragment queue flags * @max_size: maximum received fragment size * @fqdir: pointer to struct fqdir * @rcu: rcu head for freeing deferall */ struct inet_frag_queue { struct rhash_head node; union { struct frag_v4_compare_key v4; struct frag_v6_compare_key v6; } key; struct timer_list timer; spinlock_t lock; refcount_t refcnt; struct rb_root rb_fragments; struct sk_buff *fragments_tail; struct sk_buff *last_run_head; ktime_t stamp; int len; int meat; __u8 flags; u16 max_size; struct fqdir *fqdir; struct rcu_head rcu; }; struct inet_frags { unsigned int qsize; void (*constructor)(struct inet_frag_queue *q, const void *arg); void (*destructor)(struct inet_frag_queue *); void (*frag_expire)(struct timer_list *t); struct kmem_cache *frags_cachep; const char *frags_cache_name; struct rhashtable_params rhash_params; refcount_t refcnt; struct completion completion; }; int inet_frags_init(struct inet_frags *); void inet_frags_fini(struct inet_frags *); int fqdir_init(struct fqdir **fqdirp, struct inet_frags *f, struct net *net); static inline void fqdir_pre_exit(struct fqdir *fqdir) { fqdir->high_thresh = 0; /* prevent creation of new frags */ fqdir->dead = true; } void fqdir_exit(struct fqdir *fqdir); void inet_frag_kill(struct inet_frag_queue *q); void inet_frag_destroy(struct inet_frag_queue *q); struct inet_frag_queue *inet_frag_find(struct fqdir *fqdir, void *key); /* Free all skbs in the queue; return the sum of their truesizes. */ unsigned int inet_frag_rbtree_purge(struct rb_root *root); static inline void inet_frag_put(struct inet_frag_queue *q) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&q->refcnt)) inet_frag_destroy(q); } /* Memory Tracking Functions. */ static inline long frag_mem_limit(const struct fqdir *fqdir) { return atomic_long_read(&fqdir->mem); } static inline void sub_frag_mem_limit(struct fqdir *fqdir, long val) { atomic_long_sub(val, &fqdir->mem); } static inline void add_frag_mem_limit(struct fqdir *fqdir, long val) { atomic_long_add(val, &fqdir->mem); } /* RFC 3168 support : * We want to check ECN values of all fragments, do detect invalid combinations. * In ipq->ecn, we store the OR value of each ip4_frag_ecn() fragment value. */ #define IPFRAG_ECN_NOT_ECT 0x01 /* one frag had ECN_NOT_ECT */ #define IPFRAG_ECN_ECT_1 0x02 /* one frag had ECN_ECT_1 */ #define IPFRAG_ECN_ECT_0 0x04 /* one frag had ECN_ECT_0 */ #define IPFRAG_ECN_CE 0x08 /* one frag had ECN_CE */ extern const u8 ip_frag_ecn_table[16]; /* Return values of inet_frag_queue_insert() */ #define IPFRAG_OK 0 #define IPFRAG_DUP 1 #define IPFRAG_OVERLAP 2 int inet_frag_queue_insert(struct inet_frag_queue *q, struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, int end); void *inet_frag_reasm_prepare(struct inet_frag_queue *q, struct sk_buff *skb, struct sk_buff *parent); void inet_frag_reasm_finish(struct inet_frag_queue *q, struct sk_buff *head, void *reasm_data, bool try_coalesce); struct sk_buff *inet_frag_pull_head(struct inet_frag_queue *q); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * include/linux/pagevec.h * * In many places it is efficient to batch an operation up against multiple * pages. A pagevec is a multipage container which is used for that. */ #ifndef _LINUX_PAGEVEC_H #define _LINUX_PAGEVEC_H #include <linux/xarray.h> /* 15 pointers + header align the pagevec structure to a power of two */ #define PAGEVEC_SIZE 15 struct page; struct address_space; struct pagevec { unsigned char nr; bool percpu_pvec_drained; struct page *pages[PAGEVEC_SIZE]; }; void __pagevec_release(struct pagevec *pvec); void __pagevec_lru_add(struct pagevec *pvec); unsigned pagevec_lookup_entries(struct pagevec *pvec, struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, unsigned nr_entries, pgoff_t *indices); void pagevec_remove_exceptionals(struct pagevec *pvec); unsigned pagevec_lookup_range(struct pagevec *pvec, struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t *start, pgoff_t end); static inline unsigned pagevec_lookup(struct pagevec *pvec, struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t *start) { return pagevec_lookup_range(pvec, mapping, start, (pgoff_t)-1); } unsigned pagevec_lookup_range_tag(struct pagevec *pvec, struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t *index, pgoff_t end, xa_mark_t tag); unsigned pagevec_lookup_range_nr_tag(struct pagevec *pvec, struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t *index, pgoff_t end, xa_mark_t tag, unsigned max_pages); static inline unsigned pagevec_lookup_tag(struct pagevec *pvec, struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t *index, xa_mark_t tag) { return pagevec_lookup_range_tag(pvec, mapping, index, (pgoff_t)-1, tag); } static inline void pagevec_init(struct pagevec *pvec) { pvec->nr = 0; pvec->percpu_pvec_drained = false; } static inline void pagevec_reinit(struct pagevec *pvec) { pvec->nr = 0; } static inline unsigned pagevec_count(struct pagevec *pvec) { return pvec->nr; } static inline unsigned pagevec_space(struct pagevec *pvec) { return PAGEVEC_SIZE - pvec->nr; } /* * Add a page to a pagevec. Returns the number of slots still available. */ static inline unsigned pagevec_add(struct pagevec *pvec, struct page *page) { pvec->pages[pvec->nr++] = page; return pagevec_space(pvec); } static inline void pagevec_release(struct pagevec *pvec) { if (pagevec_count(pvec)) __pagevec_release(pvec); } #endif /* _LINUX_PAGEVEC_H */
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3408 3409 3410 3411 3412 3413 3414 3415 3416 3417 3418 3419 3420 3421 3422 3423 3424 3425 3426 3427 3428 3429 3430 3431 3432 3433 3434 3435 3436 3437 3438 3439 3440 3441 3442 3443 3444 3445 3446 3447 3448 3449 3450 3451 3452 3453 3454 3455 3456 3457 3458 3459 3460 3461 3462 3463 3464 3465 3466 3467 3468 3469 3470 3471 3472 3473 3474 3475 3476 3477 3478 3479 3480 3481 3482 3483 3484 3485 3486 3487 3488 3489 3490 3491 3492 3493 3494 3495 3496 3497 3498 3499 3500 3501 3502 3503 3504 3505 3506 3507 3508 3509 3510 3511 3512 3513 3514 3515 3516 3517 3518 3519 3520 3521 3522 3523 3524 3525 3526 3527 3528 3529 3530 3531 3532 3533 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/mm/filemap.c * * Copyright (C) 1994-1999 Linus Torvalds */ /* * This file handles the generic file mmap semantics used by * most "normal" filesystems (but you don't /have/ to use this: * the NFS filesystem used to do this differently, for example) */ #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/dax.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/kernel_stat.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/mman.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/uio.h> #include <linux/error-injection.h> #include <linux/hash.h> #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/backing-dev.h> #include <linux/pagevec.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/cpuset.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/cleancache.h> #include <linux/shmem_fs.h> #include <linux/rmap.h> #include <linux/delayacct.h> #include <linux/psi.h> #include <linux/ramfs.h> #include <linux/page_idle.h> #include "internal.h" #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <trace/events/filemap.h> /* * FIXME: remove all knowledge of the buffer layer from the core VM */ #include <linux/buffer_head.h> /* for try_to_free_buffers */ #include <asm/mman.h> /* * Shared mappings implemented 30.11.1994. It's not fully working yet, * though. * * Shared mappings now work. 15.8.1995 Bruno. * * finished 'unifying' the page and buffer cache and SMP-threaded the * page-cache, 21.05.1999, Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> * * SMP-threaded pagemap-LRU 1999, Andrea Arcangeli <andrea@suse.de> */ /* * Lock ordering: * * ->i_mmap_rwsem (truncate_pagecache) * ->private_lock (__free_pte->__set_page_dirty_buffers) * ->swap_lock (exclusive_swap_page, others) * ->i_pages lock * * ->i_mutex * ->i_mmap_rwsem (truncate->unmap_mapping_range) * * ->mmap_lock * ->i_mmap_rwsem * ->page_table_lock or pte_lock (various, mainly in memory.c) * ->i_pages lock (arch-dependent flush_dcache_mmap_lock) * * ->mmap_lock * ->lock_page (access_process_vm) * * ->i_mutex (generic_perform_write) * ->mmap_lock (fault_in_pages_readable->do_page_fault) * * bdi->wb.list_lock * sb_lock (fs/fs-writeback.c) * ->i_pages lock (__sync_single_inode) * * ->i_mmap_rwsem * ->anon_vma.lock (vma_adjust) * * ->anon_vma.lock * ->page_table_lock or pte_lock (anon_vma_prepare and various) * * ->page_table_lock or pte_lock * ->swap_lock (try_to_unmap_one) * ->private_lock (try_to_unmap_one) * ->i_pages lock (try_to_unmap_one) * ->pgdat->lru_lock (follow_page->mark_page_accessed) * ->pgdat->lru_lock (check_pte_range->isolate_lru_page) * ->private_lock (page_remove_rmap->set_page_dirty) * ->i_pages lock (page_remove_rmap->set_page_dirty) * bdi.wb->list_lock (page_remove_rmap->set_page_dirty) * ->inode->i_lock (page_remove_rmap->set_page_dirty) * ->memcg->move_lock (page_remove_rmap->lock_page_memcg) * bdi.wb->list_lock (zap_pte_range->set_page_dirty) * ->inode->i_lock (zap_pte_range->set_page_dirty) * ->private_lock (zap_pte_range->__set_page_dirty_buffers) * * ->i_mmap_rwsem * ->tasklist_lock (memory_failure, collect_procs_ao) */ static void page_cache_delete(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page, void *shadow) { XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, page->index); unsigned int nr = 1; mapping_set_update(&xas, mapping); /* hugetlb pages are represented by a single entry in the xarray */ if (!PageHuge(page)) { xas_set_order(&xas, page->index, compound_order(page)); nr = compound_nr(page); } VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page), page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageTail(page), page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(nr != 1 && shadow, page); xas_store(&xas, shadow); xas_init_marks(&xas); page->mapping = NULL; /* Leave page->index set: truncation lookup relies upon it */ if (shadow) { mapping->nrexceptional += nr; /* * Make sure the nrexceptional update is committed before * the nrpages update so that final truncate racing * with reclaim does not see both counters 0 at the * same time and miss a shadow entry. */ smp_wmb(); } mapping->nrpages -= nr; } static void unaccount_page_cache_page(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page) { int nr; /* * if we're uptodate, flush out into the cleancache, otherwise * invalidate any existing cleancache entries. We can't leave * stale data around in the cleancache once our page is gone */ if (PageUptodate(page) && PageMappedToDisk(page)) cleancache_put_page(page); else cleancache_invalidate_page(mapping, page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageTail(page), page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_mapped(page), page); if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEBUG_VM) && unlikely(page_mapped(page))) { int mapcount; pr_alert("BUG: Bad page cache in process %s pfn:%05lx\n", current->comm, page_to_pfn(page)); dump_page(page, "still mapped when deleted"); dump_stack(); add_taint(TAINT_BAD_PAGE, LOCKDEP_NOW_UNRELIABLE); mapcount = page_mapcount(page); if (mapping_exiting(mapping) && page_count(page) >= mapcount + 2) { /* * All vmas have already been torn down, so it's * a good bet that actually the page is unmapped, * and we'd prefer not to leak it: if we're wrong, * some other bad page check should catch it later. */ page_mapcount_reset(page); page_ref_sub(page, mapcount); } } /* hugetlb pages do not participate in page cache accounting. */ if (PageHuge(page)) return; nr = thp_nr_pages(page); __mod_lruvec_page_state(page, NR_FILE_PAGES, -nr); if (PageSwapBacked(page)) { __mod_lruvec_page_state(page, NR_SHMEM, -nr); if (PageTransHuge(page)) __dec_node_page_state(page, NR_SHMEM_THPS); } else if (PageTransHuge(page)) { __dec_node_page_state(page, NR_FILE_THPS); filemap_nr_thps_dec(mapping); } /* * At this point page must be either written or cleaned by * truncate. Dirty page here signals a bug and loss of * unwritten data. * * This fixes dirty accounting after removing the page entirely * but leaves PageDirty set: it has no effect for truncated * page and anyway will be cleared before returning page into * buddy allocator. */ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(PageDirty(page))) account_page_cleaned(page, mapping, inode_to_wb(mapping->host)); } /* * Delete a page from the page cache and free it. Caller has to make * sure the page is locked and that nobody else uses it - or that usage * is safe. The caller must hold the i_pages lock. */ void __delete_from_page_cache(struct page *page, void *shadow) { struct address_space *mapping = page->mapping; trace_mm_filemap_delete_from_page_cache(page); unaccount_page_cache_page(mapping, page); page_cache_delete(mapping, page, shadow); } static void page_cache_free_page(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page) { void (*freepage)(struct page *); freepage = mapping->a_ops->freepage; if (freepage) freepage(page); if (PageTransHuge(page) && !PageHuge(page)) { page_ref_sub(page, thp_nr_pages(page)); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_count(page) <= 0, page); } else { put_page(page); } } /** * delete_from_page_cache - delete page from page cache * @page: the page which the kernel is trying to remove from page cache * * This must be called only on pages that have been verified to be in the page * cache and locked. It will never put the page into the free list, the caller * has a reference on the page. */ void delete_from_page_cache(struct page *page) { struct address_space *mapping = page_mapping(page); unsigned long flags; BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page)); xa_lock_irqsave(&mapping->i_pages, flags); __delete_from_page_cache(page, NULL); xa_unlock_irqrestore(&mapping->i_pages, flags); page_cache_free_page(mapping, page); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(delete_from_page_cache); /* * page_cache_delete_batch - delete several pages from page cache * @mapping: the mapping to which pages belong * @pvec: pagevec with pages to delete * * The function walks over mapping->i_pages and removes pages passed in @pvec * from the mapping. The function expects @pvec to be sorted by page index * and is optimised for it to be dense. * It tolerates holes in @pvec (mapping entries at those indices are not * modified). The function expects only THP head pages to be present in the * @pvec. * * The function expects the i_pages lock to be held. */ static void page_cache_delete_batch(struct address_space *mapping, struct pagevec *pvec) { XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, pvec->pages[0]->index); int total_pages = 0; int i = 0; struct page *page; mapping_set_update(&xas, mapping); xas_for_each(&xas, page, ULONG_MAX) { if (i >= pagevec_count(pvec)) break; /* A swap/dax/shadow entry got inserted? Skip it. */ if (xa_is_value(page)) continue; /* * A page got inserted in our range? Skip it. We have our * pages locked so they are protected from being removed. * If we see a page whose index is higher than ours, it * means our page has been removed, which shouldn't be * possible because we're holding the PageLock. */ if (page != pvec->pages[i]) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page->index > pvec->pages[i]->index, page); continue; } WARN_ON_ONCE(!PageLocked(page)); if (page->index == xas.xa_index) page->mapping = NULL; /* Leave page->index set: truncation lookup relies on it */ /* * Move to the next page in the vector if this is a regular * page or the index is of the last sub-page of this compound * page. */ if (page->index + compound_nr(page) - 1 == xas.xa_index) i++; xas_store(&xas, NULL); total_pages++; } mapping->nrpages -= total_pages; } void delete_from_page_cache_batch(struct address_space *mapping, struct pagevec *pvec) { int i; unsigned long flags; if (!pagevec_count(pvec)) return; xa_lock_irqsave(&mapping->i_pages, flags); for (i = 0; i < pagevec_count(pvec); i++) { trace_mm_filemap_delete_from_page_cache(pvec->pages[i]); unaccount_page_cache_page(mapping, pvec->pages[i]); } page_cache_delete_batch(mapping, pvec); xa_unlock_irqrestore(&mapping->i_pages, flags); for (i = 0; i < pagevec_count(pvec); i++) page_cache_free_page(mapping, pvec->pages[i]); } int filemap_check_errors(struct address_space *mapping) { int ret = 0; /* Check for outstanding write errors */ if (test_bit(AS_ENOSPC, &mapping->flags) && test_and_clear_bit(AS_ENOSPC, &mapping->flags)) ret = -ENOSPC; if (test_bit(AS_EIO, &mapping->flags) && test_and_clear_bit(AS_EIO, &mapping->flags)) ret = -EIO; return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_check_errors); static int filemap_check_and_keep_errors(struct address_space *mapping) { /* Check for outstanding write errors */ if (test_bit(AS_EIO, &mapping->flags)) return -EIO; if (test_bit(AS_ENOSPC, &mapping->flags)) return -ENOSPC; return 0; } /** * __filemap_fdatawrite_range - start writeback on mapping dirty pages in range * @mapping: address space structure to write * @start: offset in bytes where the range starts * @end: offset in bytes where the range ends (inclusive) * @sync_mode: enable synchronous operation * * Start writeback against all of a mapping's dirty pages that lie * within the byte offsets <start, end> inclusive. * * If sync_mode is WB_SYNC_ALL then this is a "data integrity" operation, as * opposed to a regular memory cleansing writeback. The difference between * these two operations is that if a dirty page/buffer is encountered, it must * be waited upon, and not just skipped over. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int __filemap_fdatawrite_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start, loff_t end, int sync_mode) { int ret; struct writeback_control wbc = { .sync_mode = sync_mode, .nr_to_write = LONG_MAX, .range_start = start, .range_end = end, }; if (!mapping_can_writeback(mapping) || !mapping_tagged(mapping, PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY)) return 0; wbc_attach_fdatawrite_inode(&wbc, mapping->host); ret = do_writepages(mapping, &wbc); wbc_detach_inode(&wbc); return ret; } static inline int __filemap_fdatawrite(struct address_space *mapping, int sync_mode) { return __filemap_fdatawrite_range(mapping, 0, LLONG_MAX, sync_mode); } int filemap_fdatawrite(struct address_space *mapping) { return __filemap_fdatawrite(mapping, WB_SYNC_ALL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_fdatawrite); int filemap_fdatawrite_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start, loff_t end) { return __filemap_fdatawrite_range(mapping, start, end, WB_SYNC_ALL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_fdatawrite_range); /** * filemap_flush - mostly a non-blocking flush * @mapping: target address_space * * This is a mostly non-blocking flush. Not suitable for data-integrity * purposes - I/O may not be started against all dirty pages. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int filemap_flush(struct address_space *mapping) { return __filemap_fdatawrite(mapping, WB_SYNC_NONE); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_flush); /** * filemap_range_has_page - check if a page exists in range. * @mapping: address space within which to check * @start_byte: offset in bytes where the range starts * @end_byte: offset in bytes where the range ends (inclusive) * * Find at least one page in the range supplied, usually used to check if * direct writing in this range will trigger a writeback. * * Return: %true if at least one page exists in the specified range, * %false otherwise. */ bool filemap_range_has_page(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start_byte, loff_t end_byte) { struct page *page; XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, start_byte >> PAGE_SHIFT); pgoff_t max = end_byte >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (end_byte < start_byte) return false; rcu_read_lock(); for (;;) { page = xas_find(&xas, max); if (xas_retry(&xas, page)) continue; /* Shadow entries don't count */ if (xa_is_value(page)) continue; /* * We don't need to try to pin this page; we're about to * release the RCU lock anyway. It is enough to know that * there was a page here recently. */ break; } rcu_read_unlock(); return page != NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_range_has_page); static void __filemap_fdatawait_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start_byte, loff_t end_byte) { pgoff_t index = start_byte >> PAGE_SHIFT; pgoff_t end = end_byte >> PAGE_SHIFT; struct pagevec pvec; int nr_pages; if (end_byte < start_byte) return; pagevec_init(&pvec); while (index <= end) { unsigned i; nr_pages = pagevec_lookup_range_tag(&pvec, mapping, &index, end, PAGECACHE_TAG_WRITEBACK); if (!nr_pages) break; for (i = 0; i < nr_pages; i++) { struct page *page = pvec.pages[i]; wait_on_page_writeback(page); ClearPageError(page); } pagevec_release(&pvec); cond_resched(); } } /** * filemap_fdatawait_range - wait for writeback to complete * @mapping: address space structure to wait for * @start_byte: offset in bytes where the range starts * @end_byte: offset in bytes where the range ends (inclusive) * * Walk the list of under-writeback pages of the given address space * in the given range and wait for all of them. Check error status of * the address space and return it. * * Since the error status of the address space is cleared by this function, * callers are responsible for checking the return value and handling and/or * reporting the error. * * Return: error status of the address space. */ int filemap_fdatawait_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start_byte, loff_t end_byte) { __filemap_fdatawait_range(mapping, start_byte, end_byte); return filemap_check_errors(mapping); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_fdatawait_range); /** * filemap_fdatawait_range_keep_errors - wait for writeback to complete * @mapping: address space structure to wait for * @start_byte: offset in bytes where the range starts * @end_byte: offset in bytes where the range ends (inclusive) * * Walk the list of under-writeback pages of the given address space in the * given range and wait for all of them. Unlike filemap_fdatawait_range(), * this function does not clear error status of the address space. * * Use this function if callers don't handle errors themselves. Expected * call sites are system-wide / filesystem-wide data flushers: e.g. sync(2), * fsfreeze(8) */ int filemap_fdatawait_range_keep_errors(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start_byte, loff_t end_byte) { __filemap_fdatawait_range(mapping, start_byte, end_byte); return filemap_check_and_keep_errors(mapping); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_fdatawait_range_keep_errors); /** * file_fdatawait_range - wait for writeback to complete * @file: file pointing to address space structure to wait for * @start_byte: offset in bytes where the range starts * @end_byte: offset in bytes where the range ends (inclusive) * * Walk the list of under-writeback pages of the address space that file * refers to, in the given range and wait for all of them. Check error * status of the address space vs. the file->f_wb_err cursor and return it. * * Since the error status of the file is advanced by this function, * callers are responsible for checking the return value and handling and/or * reporting the error. * * Return: error status of the address space vs. the file->f_wb_err cursor. */ int file_fdatawait_range(struct file *file, loff_t start_byte, loff_t end_byte) { struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping; __filemap_fdatawait_range(mapping, start_byte, end_byte); return file_check_and_advance_wb_err(file); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(file_fdatawait_range); /** * filemap_fdatawait_keep_errors - wait for writeback without clearing errors * @mapping: address space structure to wait for * * Walk the list of under-writeback pages of the given address space * and wait for all of them. Unlike filemap_fdatawait(), this function * does not clear error status of the address space. * * Use this function if callers don't handle errors themselves. Expected * call sites are system-wide / filesystem-wide data flushers: e.g. sync(2), * fsfreeze(8) * * Return: error status of the address space. */ int filemap_fdatawait_keep_errors(struct address_space *mapping) { __filemap_fdatawait_range(mapping, 0, LLONG_MAX); return filemap_check_and_keep_errors(mapping); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_fdatawait_keep_errors); /* Returns true if writeback might be needed or already in progress. */ static bool mapping_needs_writeback(struct address_space *mapping) { if (dax_mapping(mapping)) return mapping->nrexceptional; return mapping->nrpages; } /** * filemap_write_and_wait_range - write out & wait on a file range * @mapping: the address_space for the pages * @lstart: offset in bytes where the range starts * @lend: offset in bytes where the range ends (inclusive) * * Write out and wait upon file offsets lstart->lend, inclusive. * * Note that @lend is inclusive (describes the last byte to be written) so * that this function can be used to write to the very end-of-file (end = -1). * * Return: error status of the address space. */ int filemap_write_and_wait_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend) { int err = 0; if (mapping_needs_writeback(mapping)) { err = __filemap_fdatawrite_range(mapping, lstart, lend, WB_SYNC_ALL); /* * Even if the above returned error, the pages may be * written partially (e.g. -ENOSPC), so we wait for it. * But the -EIO is special case, it may indicate the worst * thing (e.g. bug) happened, so we avoid waiting for it. */ if (err != -EIO) { int err2 = filemap_fdatawait_range(mapping, lstart, lend); if (!err) err = err2; } else { /* Clear any previously stored errors */ filemap_check_errors(mapping); } } else { err = filemap_check_errors(mapping); } return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_write_and_wait_range); void __filemap_set_wb_err(struct address_space *mapping, int err) { errseq_t eseq = errseq_set(&mapping->wb_err, err); trace_filemap_set_wb_err(mapping, eseq); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__filemap_set_wb_err); /** * file_check_and_advance_wb_err - report wb error (if any) that was previously * and advance wb_err to current one * @file: struct file on which the error is being reported * * When userland calls fsync (or something like nfsd does the equivalent), we * want to report any writeback errors that occurred since the last fsync (or * since the file was opened if there haven't been any). * * Grab the wb_err from the mapping. If it matches what we have in the file, * then just quickly return 0. The file is all caught up. * * If it doesn't match, then take the mapping value, set the "seen" flag in * it and try to swap it into place. If it works, or another task beat us * to it with the new value, then update the f_wb_err and return the error * portion. The error at this point must be reported via proper channels * (a'la fsync, or NFS COMMIT operation, etc.). * * While we handle mapping->wb_err with atomic operations, the f_wb_err * value is protected by the f_lock since we must ensure that it reflects * the latest value swapped in for this file descriptor. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int file_check_and_advance_wb_err(struct file *file) { int err = 0; errseq_t old = READ_ONCE(file->f_wb_err); struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping; /* Locklessly handle the common case where nothing has changed */ if (errseq_check(&mapping->wb_err, old)) { /* Something changed, must use slow path */ spin_lock(&file->f_lock); old = file->f_wb_err; err = errseq_check_and_advance(&mapping->wb_err, &file->f_wb_err); trace_file_check_and_advance_wb_err(file, old); spin_unlock(&file->f_lock); } /* * We're mostly using this function as a drop in replacement for * filemap_check_errors. Clear AS_EIO/AS_ENOSPC to emulate the effect * that the legacy code would have had on these flags. */ clear_bit(AS_EIO, &mapping->flags); clear_bit(AS_ENOSPC, &mapping->flags); return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(file_check_and_advance_wb_err); /** * file_write_and_wait_range - write out & wait on a file range * @file: file pointing to address_space with pages * @lstart: offset in bytes where the range starts * @lend: offset in bytes where the range ends (inclusive) * * Write out and wait upon file offsets lstart->lend, inclusive. * * Note that @lend is inclusive (describes the last byte to be written) so * that this function can be used to write to the very end-of-file (end = -1). * * After writing out and waiting on the data, we check and advance the * f_wb_err cursor to the latest value, and return any errors detected there. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int file_write_and_wait_range(struct file *file, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend) { int err = 0, err2; struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping; if (mapping_needs_writeback(mapping)) { err = __filemap_fdatawrite_range(mapping, lstart, lend, WB_SYNC_ALL); /* See comment of filemap_write_and_wait() */ if (err != -EIO) __filemap_fdatawait_range(mapping, lstart, lend); } err2 = file_check_and_advance_wb_err(file); if (!err) err = err2; return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(file_write_and_wait_range); /** * replace_page_cache_page - replace a pagecache page with a new one * @old: page to be replaced * @new: page to replace with * @gfp_mask: allocation mode * * This function replaces a page in the pagecache with a new one. On * success it acquires the pagecache reference for the new page and * drops it for the old page. Both the old and new pages must be * locked. This function does not add the new page to the LRU, the * caller must do that. * * The remove + add is atomic. This function cannot fail. * * Return: %0 */ int replace_page_cache_page(struct page *old, struct page *new, gfp_t gfp_mask) { struct address_space *mapping = old->mapping; void (*freepage)(struct page *) = mapping->a_ops->freepage; pgoff_t offset = old->index; XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, offset); unsigned long flags; VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(old), old); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(new), new); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(new->mapping, new); get_page(new); new->mapping = mapping; new->index = offset; mem_cgroup_migrate(old, new); xas_lock_irqsave(&xas, flags); xas_store(&xas, new); old->mapping = NULL; /* hugetlb pages do not participate in page cache accounting. */ if (!PageHuge(old)) __dec_lruvec_page_state(old, NR_FILE_PAGES); if (!PageHuge(new)) __inc_lruvec_page_state(new, NR_FILE_PAGES); if (PageSwapBacked(old)) __dec_lruvec_page_state(old, NR_SHMEM); if (PageSwapBacked(new)) __inc_lruvec_page_state(new, NR_SHMEM); xas_unlock_irqrestore(&xas, flags); if (freepage) freepage(old); put_page(old); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(replace_page_cache_page); noinline int __add_to_page_cache_locked(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t offset, gfp_t gfp, void **shadowp) { XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, offset); int huge = PageHuge(page); int error; bool charged = false; VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page), page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageSwapBacked(page), page); mapping_set_update(&xas, mapping); get_page(page); page->mapping = mapping; page->index = offset; if (!huge) { error = mem_cgroup_charge(page, current->mm, gfp); if (error) goto error; charged = true; } gfp &= GFP_RECLAIM_MASK; do { unsigned int order = xa_get_order(xas.xa, xas.xa_index); void *entry, *old = NULL; if (order > thp_order(page)) xas_split_alloc(&xas, xa_load(xas.xa, xas.xa_index), order, gfp); xas_lock_irq(&xas); xas_for_each_conflict(&xas, entry) { old = entry; if (!xa_is_value(entry)) { xas_set_err(&xas, -EEXIST); goto unlock; } } if (old) { if (shadowp) *shadowp = old; /* entry may have been split before we acquired lock */ order = xa_get_order(xas.xa, xas.xa_index); if (order > thp_order(page)) { xas_split(&xas, old, order); xas_reset(&xas); } } xas_store(&xas, page); if (xas_error(&xas)) goto unlock; if (old) mapping->nrexceptional--; mapping->nrpages++; /* hugetlb pages do not participate in page cache accounting */ if (!huge) __inc_lruvec_page_state(page, NR_FILE_PAGES); unlock: xas_unlock_irq(&xas); } while (xas_nomem(&xas, gfp)); if (xas_error(&xas)) { error = xas_error(&xas); if (charged) mem_cgroup_uncharge(page); goto error; } trace_mm_filemap_add_to_page_cache(page); return 0; error: page->mapping = NULL; /* Leave page->index set: truncation relies upon it */ put_page(page); return error; } ALLOW_ERROR_INJECTION(__add_to_page_cache_locked, ERRNO); /** * add_to_page_cache_locked - add a locked page to the pagecache * @page: page to add * @mapping: the page's address_space * @offset: page index * @gfp_mask: page allocation mode * * This function is used to add a page to the pagecache. It must be locked. * This function does not add the page to the LRU. The caller must do that. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int add_to_page_cache_locked(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t offset, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return __add_to_page_cache_locked(page, mapping, offset, gfp_mask, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(add_to_page_cache_locked); int add_to_page_cache_lru(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t offset, gfp_t gfp_mask) { void *shadow = NULL; int ret; __SetPageLocked(page); ret = __add_to_page_cache_locked(page, mapping, offset, gfp_mask, &shadow); if (unlikely(ret)) __ClearPageLocked(page); else { /* * The page might have been evicted from cache only * recently, in which case it should be activated like * any other repeatedly accessed page. * The exception is pages getting rewritten; evicting other * data from the working set, only to cache data that will * get overwritten with something else, is a waste of memory. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(PageActive(page)); if (!(gfp_mask & __GFP_WRITE) && shadow) workingset_refault(page, shadow); lru_cache_add(page); } return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(add_to_page_cache_lru); #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA struct page *__page_cache_alloc(gfp_t gfp) { int n; struct page *page; if (cpuset_do_page_mem_spread()) { unsigned int cpuset_mems_cookie; do { cpuset_mems_cookie = read_mems_allowed_begin(); n = cpuset_mem_spread_node(); page = __alloc_pages_node(n, gfp, 0); } while (!page && read_mems_allowed_retry(cpuset_mems_cookie)); return page; } return alloc_pages(gfp, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__page_cache_alloc); #endif /* * In order to wait for pages to become available there must be * waitqueues associated with pages. By using a hash table of * waitqueues where the bucket discipline is to maintain all * waiters on the same queue and wake all when any of the pages * become available, and for the woken contexts to check to be * sure the appropriate page became available, this saves space * at a cost of "thundering herd" phenomena during rare hash * collisions. */ #define PAGE_WAIT_TABLE_BITS 8 #define PAGE_WAIT_TABLE_SIZE (1 << PAGE_WAIT_TABLE_BITS) static wait_queue_head_t page_wait_table[PAGE_WAIT_TABLE_SIZE] __cacheline_aligned; static wait_queue_head_t *page_waitqueue(struct page *page) { return &page_wait_table[hash_ptr(page, PAGE_WAIT_TABLE_BITS)]; } void __init pagecache_init(void) { int i; for (i = 0; i < PAGE_WAIT_TABLE_SIZE; i++) init_waitqueue_head(&page_wait_table[i]); page_writeback_init(); } /* * The page wait code treats the "wait->flags" somewhat unusually, because * we have multiple different kinds of waits, not just the usual "exclusive" * one. * * We have: * * (a) no special bits set: * * We're just waiting for the bit to be released, and when a waker * calls the wakeup function, we set WQ_FLAG_WOKEN and wake it up, * and remove it from the wait queue. * * Simple and straightforward. * * (b) WQ_FLAG_EXCLUSIVE: * * The waiter is waiting to get the lock, and only one waiter should * be woken up to avoid any thundering herd behavior. We'll set the * WQ_FLAG_WOKEN bit, wake it up, and remove it from the wait queue. * * This is the traditional exclusive wait. * * (c) WQ_FLAG_EXCLUSIVE | WQ_FLAG_CUSTOM: * * The waiter is waiting to get the bit, and additionally wants the * lock to be transferred to it for fair lock behavior. If the lock * cannot be taken, we stop walking the wait queue without waking * the waiter. * * This is the "fair lock handoff" case, and in addition to setting * WQ_FLAG_WOKEN, we set WQ_FLAG_DONE to let the waiter easily see * that it now has the lock. */ static int wake_page_function(wait_queue_entry_t *wait, unsigned mode, int sync, void *arg) { unsigned int flags; struct wait_page_key *key = arg; struct wait_page_queue *wait_page = container_of(wait, struct wait_page_queue, wait); if (!wake_page_match(wait_page, key)) return 0; /* * If it's a lock handoff wait, we get the bit for it, and * stop walking (and do not wake it up) if we can't. */ flags = wait->flags; if (flags & WQ_FLAG_EXCLUSIVE) { if (test_bit(key->bit_nr, &key->page->flags)) return -1; if (flags & WQ_FLAG_CUSTOM) { if (test_and_set_bit(key->bit_nr, &key->page->flags)) return -1; flags |= WQ_FLAG_DONE; } } /* * We are holding the wait-queue lock, but the waiter that * is waiting for this will be checking the flags without * any locking. * * So update the flags atomically, and wake up the waiter * afterwards to avoid any races. This store-release pairs * with the load-acquire in wait_on_page_bit_common(). */ smp_store_release(&wait->flags, flags | WQ_FLAG_WOKEN); wake_up_state(wait->private, mode); /* * Ok, we have successfully done what we're waiting for, * and we can unconditionally remove the wait entry. * * Note that this pairs with the "finish_wait()" in the * waiter, and has to be the absolute last thing we do. * After this list_del_init(&wait->entry) the wait entry * might be de-allocated and the process might even have * exited. */ list_del_init_careful(&wait->entry); return (flags & WQ_FLAG_EXCLUSIVE) != 0; } static void wake_up_page_bit(struct page *page, int bit_nr) { wait_queue_head_t *q = page_waitqueue(page); struct wait_page_key key; unsigned long flags; wait_queue_entry_t bookmark; key.page = page; key.bit_nr = bit_nr; key.page_match = 0; bookmark.flags = 0; bookmark.private = NULL; bookmark.func = NULL; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&bookmark.entry); spin_lock_irqsave(&q->lock, flags); __wake_up_locked_key_bookmark(q, TASK_NORMAL, &key, &bookmark); while (bookmark.flags & WQ_FLAG_BOOKMARK) { /* * Take a breather from holding the lock, * allow pages that finish wake up asynchronously * to acquire the lock and remove themselves * from wait queue */ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&q->lock, flags); cpu_relax(); spin_lock_irqsave(&q->lock, flags); __wake_up_locked_key_bookmark(q, TASK_NORMAL, &key, &bookmark); } /* * It is possible for other pages to have collided on the waitqueue * hash, so in that case check for a page match. That prevents a long- * term waiter * * It is still possible to miss a case here, when we woke page waiters * and removed them from the waitqueue, but there are still other * page waiters. */ if (!waitqueue_active(q) || !key.page_match) { ClearPageWaiters(page); /* * It's possible to miss clearing Waiters here, when we woke * our page waiters, but the hashed waitqueue has waiters for * other pages on it. * * That's okay, it's a rare case. The next waker will clear it. */ } spin_unlock_irqrestore(&q->lock, flags); } static void wake_up_page(struct page *page, int bit) { if (!PageWaiters(page)) return; wake_up_page_bit(page, bit); } /* * A choice of three behaviors for wait_on_page_bit_common(): */ enum behavior { EXCLUSIVE, /* Hold ref to page and take the bit when woken, like * __lock_page() waiting on then setting PG_locked. */ SHARED, /* Hold ref to page and check the bit when woken, like * wait_on_page_writeback() waiting on PG_writeback. */ DROP, /* Drop ref to page before wait, no check when woken, * like put_and_wait_on_page_locked() on PG_locked. */ }; /* * Attempt to check (or get) the page bit, and mark us done * if successful. */ static inline bool trylock_page_bit_common(struct page *page, int bit_nr, struct wait_queue_entry *wait) { if (wait->flags & WQ_FLAG_EXCLUSIVE) { if (test_and_set_bit(bit_nr, &page->flags)) return false; } else if (test_bit(bit_nr, &page->flags)) return false; wait->flags |= WQ_FLAG_WOKEN | WQ_FLAG_DONE; return true; } /* How many times do we accept lock stealing from under a waiter? */ int sysctl_page_lock_unfairness = 5; static inline int wait_on_page_bit_common(wait_queue_head_t *q, struct page *page, int bit_nr, int state, enum behavior behavior) { int unfairness = sysctl_page_lock_unfairness; struct wait_page_queue wait_page; wait_queue_entry_t *wait = &wait_page.wait; bool thrashing = false; bool delayacct = false; unsigned long pflags; if (bit_nr == PG_locked && !PageUptodate(page) && PageWorkingset(page)) { if (!PageSwapBacked(page)) { delayacct_thrashing_start(); delayacct = true; } psi_memstall_enter(&pflags); thrashing = true; } init_wait(wait); wait->func = wake_page_function; wait_page.page = page; wait_page.bit_nr = bit_nr; repeat: wait->flags = 0; if (behavior == EXCLUSIVE) { wait->flags = WQ_FLAG_EXCLUSIVE; if (--unfairness < 0) wait->flags |= WQ_FLAG_CUSTOM; } /* * Do one last check whether we can get the * page bit synchronously. * * Do the SetPageWaiters() marking before that * to let any waker we _just_ missed know they * need to wake us up (otherwise they'll never * even go to the slow case that looks at the * page queue), and add ourselves to the wait * queue if we need to sleep. * * This part needs to be done under the queue * lock to avoid races. */ spin_lock_irq(&q->lock); SetPageWaiters(page); if (!trylock_page_bit_common(page, bit_nr, wait)) __add_wait_queue_entry_tail(q, wait); spin_unlock_irq(&q->lock); /* * From now on, all the logic will be based on * the WQ_FLAG_WOKEN and WQ_FLAG_DONE flag, to * see whether the page bit testing has already * been done by the wake function. * * We can drop our reference to the page. */ if (behavior == DROP) put_page(page); /* * Note that until the "finish_wait()", or until * we see the WQ_FLAG_WOKEN flag, we need to * be very careful with the 'wait->flags', because * we may race with a waker that sets them. */ for (;;) { unsigned int flags; set_current_state(state); /* Loop until we've been woken or interrupted */ flags = smp_load_acquire(&wait->flags); if (!(flags & WQ_FLAG_WOKEN)) { if (signal_pending_state(state, current)) break; io_schedule(); continue; } /* If we were non-exclusive, we're done */ if (behavior != EXCLUSIVE) break; /* If the waker got the lock for us, we're done */ if (flags & WQ_FLAG_DONE) break; /* * Otherwise, if we're getting the lock, we need to * try to get it ourselves. * * And if that fails, we'll have to retry this all. */ if (unlikely(test_and_set_bit(bit_nr, &page->flags))) goto repeat; wait->flags |= WQ_FLAG_DONE; break; } /* * If a signal happened, this 'finish_wait()' may remove the last * waiter from the wait-queues, but the PageWaiters bit will remain * set. That's ok. The next wakeup will take care of it, and trying * to do it here would be difficult and prone to races. */ finish_wait(q, wait); if (thrashing) { if (delayacct) delayacct_thrashing_end(); psi_memstall_leave(&pflags); } /* * NOTE! The wait->flags weren't stable until we've done the * 'finish_wait()', and we could have exited the loop above due * to a signal, and had a wakeup event happen after the signal * test but before the 'finish_wait()'. * * So only after the finish_wait() can we reliably determine * if we got woken up or not, so we can now figure out the final * return value based on that state without races. * * Also note that WQ_FLAG_WOKEN is sufficient for a non-exclusive * waiter, but an exclusive one requires WQ_FLAG_DONE. */ if (behavior == EXCLUSIVE) return wait->flags & WQ_FLAG_DONE ? 0 : -EINTR; return wait->flags & WQ_FLAG_WOKEN ? 0 : -EINTR; } void wait_on_page_bit(struct page *page, int bit_nr) { wait_queue_head_t *q = page_waitqueue(page); wait_on_page_bit_common(q, page, bit_nr, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE, SHARED); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(wait_on_page_bit); int wait_on_page_bit_killable(struct page *page, int bit_nr) { wait_queue_head_t *q = page_waitqueue(page); return wait_on_page_bit_common(q, page, bit_nr, TASK_KILLABLE, SHARED); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(wait_on_page_bit_killable); static int __wait_on_page_locked_async(struct page *page, struct wait_page_queue *wait, bool set) { struct wait_queue_head *q = page_waitqueue(page); int ret = 0; wait->page = page; wait->bit_nr = PG_locked; spin_lock_irq(&q->lock); __add_wait_queue_entry_tail(q, &wait->wait); SetPageWaiters(page); if (set) ret = !trylock_page(page); else ret = PageLocked(page); /* * If we were succesful now, we know we're still on the * waitqueue as we're still under the lock. This means it's * safe to remove and return success, we know the callback * isn't going to trigger. */ if (!ret) __remove_wait_queue(q, &wait->wait); else ret = -EIOCBQUEUED; spin_unlock_irq(&q->lock); return ret; } static int wait_on_page_locked_async(struct page *page, struct wait_page_queue *wait) { if (!PageLocked(page)) return 0; return __wait_on_page_locked_async(compound_head(page), wait, false); } /** * put_and_wait_on_page_locked - Drop a reference and wait for it to be unlocked * @page: The page to wait for. * * The caller should hold a reference on @page. They expect the page to * become unlocked relatively soon, but do not wish to hold up migration * (for example) by holding the reference while waiting for the page to * come unlocked. After this function returns, the caller should not * dereference @page. */ void put_and_wait_on_page_locked(struct page *page) { wait_queue_head_t *q; page = compound_head(page); q = page_waitqueue(page); wait_on_page_bit_common(q, page, PG_locked, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE, DROP); } /** * add_page_wait_queue - Add an arbitrary waiter to a page's wait queue * @page: Page defining the wait queue of interest * @waiter: Waiter to add to the queue * * Add an arbitrary @waiter to the wait queue for the nominated @page. */ void add_page_wait_queue(struct page *page, wait_queue_entry_t *waiter) { wait_queue_head_t *q = page_waitqueue(page); unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&q->lock, flags); __add_wait_queue_entry_tail(q, waiter); SetPageWaiters(page); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&q->lock, flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(add_page_wait_queue); #ifndef clear_bit_unlock_is_negative_byte /* * PG_waiters is the high bit in the same byte as PG_lock. * * On x86 (and on many other architectures), we can clear PG_lock and * test the sign bit at the same time. But if the architecture does * not support that special operation, we just do this all by hand * instead. * * The read of PG_waiters has to be after (or concurrently with) PG_locked * being cleared, but a memory barrier should be unnecessary since it is * in the same byte as PG_locked. */ static inline bool clear_bit_unlock_is_negative_byte(long nr, volatile void *mem) { clear_bit_unlock(nr, mem); /* smp_mb__after_atomic(); */ return test_bit(PG_waiters, mem); } #endif /** * unlock_page - unlock a locked page * @page: the page * * Unlocks the page and wakes up sleepers in wait_on_page_locked(). * Also wakes sleepers in wait_on_page_writeback() because the wakeup * mechanism between PageLocked pages and PageWriteback pages is shared. * But that's OK - sleepers in wait_on_page_writeback() just go back to sleep. * * Note that this depends on PG_waiters being the sign bit in the byte * that contains PG_locked - thus the BUILD_BUG_ON(). That allows us to * clear the PG_locked bit and test PG_waiters at the same time fairly * portably (architectures that do LL/SC can test any bit, while x86 can * test the sign bit). */ void unlock_page(struct page *page) { BUILD_BUG_ON(PG_waiters != 7); page = compound_head(page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page), page); if (clear_bit_unlock_is_negative_byte(PG_locked, &page->flags)) wake_up_page_bit(page, PG_locked); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(unlock_page); /** * end_page_writeback - end writeback against a page * @page: the page */ void end_page_writeback(struct page *page) { /* * TestClearPageReclaim could be used here but it is an atomic * operation and overkill in this particular case. Failing to * shuffle a page marked for immediate reclaim is too mild to * justify taking an atomic operation penalty at the end of * ever page writeback. */ if (PageReclaim(page)) { ClearPageReclaim(page); rotate_reclaimable_page(page); } /* * Writeback does not hold a page reference of its own, relying * on truncation to wait for the clearing of PG_writeback. * But here we must make sure that the page is not freed and * reused before the wake_up_page(). */ get_page(page); if (!test_clear_page_writeback(page)) BUG(); smp_mb__after_atomic(); wake_up_page(page, PG_writeback); put_page(page); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(end_page_writeback); /* * After completing I/O on a page, call this routine to update the page * flags appropriately */ void page_endio(struct page *page, bool is_write, int err) { if (!is_write) { if (!err) { SetPageUptodate(page); } else { ClearPageUptodate(page); SetPageError(page); } unlock_page(page); } else { if (err) { struct address_space *mapping; SetPageError(page); mapping = page_mapping(page); if (mapping) mapping_set_error(mapping, err); } end_page_writeback(page); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(page_endio); /** * __lock_page - get a lock on the page, assuming we need to sleep to get it * @__page: the page to lock */ void __lock_page(struct page *__page) { struct page *page = compound_head(__page); wait_queue_head_t *q = page_waitqueue(page); wait_on_page_bit_common(q, page, PG_locked, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE, EXCLUSIVE); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__lock_page); int __lock_page_killable(struct page *__page) { struct page *page = compound_head(__page); wait_queue_head_t *q = page_waitqueue(page); return wait_on_page_bit_common(q, page, PG_locked, TASK_KILLABLE, EXCLUSIVE); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__lock_page_killable); int __lock_page_async(struct page *page, struct wait_page_queue *wait) { return __wait_on_page_locked_async(page, wait, true); } /* * Return values: * 1 - page is locked; mmap_lock is still held. * 0 - page is not locked. * mmap_lock has been released (mmap_read_unlock(), unless flags had both * FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY and FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT set, in * which case mmap_lock is still held. * * If neither ALLOW_RETRY nor KILLABLE are set, will always return 1 * with the page locked and the mmap_lock unperturbed. */ int __lock_page_or_retry(struct page *page, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned int flags) { if (fault_flag_allow_retry_first(flags)) { /* * CAUTION! In this case, mmap_lock is not released * even though return 0. */ if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT) return 0; mmap_read_unlock(mm); if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE) wait_on_page_locked_killable(page); else wait_on_page_locked(page); return 0; } else { if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE) { int ret; ret = __lock_page_killable(page); if (ret) { mmap_read_unlock(mm); return 0; } } else __lock_page(page); return 1; } } /** * page_cache_next_miss() - Find the next gap in the page cache. * @mapping: Mapping. * @index: Index. * @max_scan: Maximum range to search. * * Search the range [index, min(index + max_scan - 1, ULONG_MAX)] for the * gap with the lowest index. * * This function may be called under the rcu_read_lock. However, this will * not atomically search a snapshot of the cache at a single point in time. * For example, if a gap is created at index 5, then subsequently a gap is * created at index 10, page_cache_next_miss covering both indices may * return 10 if called under the rcu_read_lock. * * Return: The index of the gap if found, otherwise an index outside the * range specified (in which case 'return - index >= max_scan' will be true). * In the rare case of index wrap-around, 0 will be returned. */ pgoff_t page_cache_next_miss(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, unsigned long max_scan) { XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, index); while (max_scan--) { void *entry = xas_next(&xas); if (!entry || xa_is_value(entry)) break; if (xas.xa_index == 0) break; } return xas.xa_index; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(page_cache_next_miss); /** * page_cache_prev_miss() - Find the previous gap in the page cache. * @mapping: Mapping. * @index: Index. * @max_scan: Maximum range to search. * * Search the range [max(index - max_scan + 1, 0), index] for the * gap with the highest index. * * This function may be called under the rcu_read_lock. However, this will * not atomically search a snapshot of the cache at a single point in time. * For example, if a gap is created at index 10, then subsequently a gap is * created at index 5, page_cache_prev_miss() covering both indices may * return 5 if called under the rcu_read_lock. * * Return: The index of the gap if found, otherwise an index outside the * range specified (in which case 'index - return >= max_scan' will be true). * In the rare case of wrap-around, ULONG_MAX will be returned. */ pgoff_t page_cache_prev_miss(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, unsigned long max_scan) { XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, index); while (max_scan--) { void *entry = xas_prev(&xas); if (!entry || xa_is_value(entry)) break; if (xas.xa_index == ULONG_MAX) break; } return xas.xa_index; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(page_cache_prev_miss); /** * find_get_entry - find and get a page cache entry * @mapping: the address_space to search * @index: The page cache index. * * Looks up the page cache slot at @mapping & @offset. If there is a * page cache page, the head page is returned with an increased refcount. * * If the slot holds a shadow entry of a previously evicted page, or a * swap entry from shmem/tmpfs, it is returned. * * Return: The head page or shadow entry, %NULL if nothing is found. */ struct page *find_get_entry(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index) { XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, index); struct page *page; rcu_read_lock(); repeat: xas_reset(&xas); page = xas_load(&xas); if (xas_retry(&xas, page)) goto repeat; /* * A shadow entry of a recently evicted page, or a swap entry from * shmem/tmpfs. Return it without attempting to raise page count. */ if (!page || xa_is_value(page)) goto out; if (!page_cache_get_speculative(page)) goto repeat; /* * Has the page moved or been split? * This is part of the lockless pagecache protocol. See * include/linux/pagemap.h for details. */ if (unlikely(page != xas_reload(&xas))) { put_page(page); goto repeat; } out: rcu_read_unlock(); return page; } /** * find_lock_entry - Locate and lock a page cache entry. * @mapping: The address_space to search. * @index: The page cache index. * * Looks up the page at @mapping & @index. If there is a page in the * cache, the head page is returned locked and with an increased refcount. * * If the slot holds a shadow entry of a previously evicted page, or a * swap entry from shmem/tmpfs, it is returned. * * Context: May sleep. * Return: The head page or shadow entry, %NULL if nothing is found. */ struct page *find_lock_entry(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index) { struct page *page; repeat: page = find_get_entry(mapping, index); if (page && !xa_is_value(page)) { lock_page(page); /* Has the page been truncated? */ if (unlikely(page->mapping != mapping)) { unlock_page(page); put_page(page); goto repeat; } VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!thp_contains(page, index), page); } return page; } /** * pagecache_get_page - Find and get a reference to a page. * @mapping: The address_space to search. * @index: The page index. * @fgp_flags: %FGP flags modify how the page is returned. * @gfp_mask: Memory allocation flags to use if %FGP_CREAT is specified. * * Looks up the page cache entry at @mapping & @index. * * @fgp_flags can be zero or more of these flags: * * * %FGP_ACCESSED - The page will be marked accessed. * * %FGP_LOCK - The page is returned locked. * * %FGP_HEAD - If the page is present and a THP, return the head page * rather than the exact page specified by the index. * * %FGP_CREAT - If no page is present then a new page is allocated using * @gfp_mask and added to the page cache and the VM's LRU list. * The page is returned locked and with an increased refcount. * * %FGP_FOR_MMAP - The caller wants to do its own locking dance if the * page is already in cache. If the page was allocated, unlock it before * returning so the caller can do the same dance. * * %FGP_WRITE - The page will be written * * %FGP_NOFS - __GFP_FS will get cleared in gfp mask * * %FGP_NOWAIT - Don't get blocked by page lock * * If %FGP_LOCK or %FGP_CREAT are specified then the function may sleep even * if the %GFP flags specified for %FGP_CREAT are atomic. * * If there is a page cache page, it is returned with an increased refcount. * * Return: The found page or %NULL otherwise. */ struct page *pagecache_get_page(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, int fgp_flags, gfp_t gfp_mask) { struct page *page; repeat: page = find_get_entry(mapping, index); if (xa_is_value(page)) page = NULL; if (!page) goto no_page; if (fgp_flags & FGP_LOCK) { if (fgp_flags & FGP_NOWAIT) { if (!trylock_page(page)) { put_page(page); return NULL; } } else { lock_page(page); } /* Has the page been truncated? */ if (unlikely(page->mapping != mapping)) { unlock_page(page); put_page(page); goto repeat; } VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!thp_contains(page, index), page); } if (fgp_flags & FGP_ACCESSED) mark_page_accessed(page); else if (fgp_flags & FGP_WRITE) { /* Clear idle flag for buffer write */ if (page_is_idle(page)) clear_page_idle(page); } if (!(fgp_flags & FGP_HEAD)) page = find_subpage(page, index); no_page: if (!page && (fgp_flags & FGP_CREAT)) { int err; if ((fgp_flags & FGP_WRITE) && mapping_can_writeback(mapping)) gfp_mask |= __GFP_WRITE; if (fgp_flags & FGP_NOFS) gfp_mask &= ~__GFP_FS; page = __page_cache_alloc(gfp_mask); if (!page) return NULL; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!(fgp_flags & (FGP_LOCK | FGP_FOR_MMAP)))) fgp_flags |= FGP_LOCK; /* Init accessed so avoid atomic mark_page_accessed later */ if (fgp_flags & FGP_ACCESSED) __SetPageReferenced(page); err = add_to_page_cache_lru(page, mapping, index, gfp_mask); if (unlikely(err)) { put_page(page); page = NULL; if (err == -EEXIST) goto repeat; } /* * add_to_page_cache_lru locks the page, and for mmap we expect * an unlocked page. */ if (page && (fgp_flags & FGP_FOR_MMAP)) unlock_page(page); } return page; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(pagecache_get_page); /** * find_get_entries - gang pagecache lookup * @mapping: The address_space to search * @start: The starting page cache index * @nr_entries: The maximum number of entries * @entries: Where the resulting entries are placed * @indices: The cache indices corresponding to the entries in @entries * * find_get_entries() will search for and return a group of up to * @nr_entries entries in the mapping. The entries are placed at * @entries. find_get_entries() takes a reference against any actual * pages it returns. * * The search returns a group of mapping-contiguous page cache entries * with ascending indexes. There may be holes in the indices due to * not-present pages. * * Any shadow entries of evicted pages, or swap entries from * shmem/tmpfs, are included in the returned array. * * If it finds a Transparent Huge Page, head or tail, find_get_entries() * stops at that page: the caller is likely to have a better way to handle * the compound page as a whole, and then skip its extent, than repeatedly * calling find_get_entries() to return all its tails. * * Return: the number of pages and shadow entries which were found. */ unsigned find_get_entries(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, unsigned int nr_entries, struct page **entries, pgoff_t *indices) { XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, start); struct page *page; unsigned int ret = 0; if (!nr_entries) return 0; rcu_read_lock(); xas_for_each(&xas, page, ULONG_MAX) { if (xas_retry(&xas, page)) continue; /* * A shadow entry of a recently evicted page, a swap * entry from shmem/tmpfs or a DAX entry. Return it * without attempting to raise page count. */ if (xa_is_value(page)) goto export; if (!page_cache_get_speculative(page)) goto retry; /* Has the page moved or been split? */ if (unlikely(page != xas_reload(&xas))) goto put_page; /* * Terminate early on finding a THP, to allow the caller to * handle it all at once; but continue if this is hugetlbfs. */ if (PageTransHuge(page) && !PageHuge(page)) { page = find_subpage(page, xas.xa_index); nr_entries = ret + 1; } export: indices[ret] = xas.xa_index; entries[ret] = page; if (++ret == nr_entries) break; continue; put_page: put_page(page); retry: xas_reset(&xas); } rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } /** * find_get_pages_range - gang pagecache lookup * @mapping: The address_space to search * @start: The starting page index * @end: The final page index (inclusive) * @nr_pages: The maximum number of pages * @pages: Where the resulting pages are placed * * find_get_pages_range() will search for and return a group of up to @nr_pages * pages in the mapping starting at index @start and up to index @end * (inclusive). The pages are placed at @pages. find_get_pages_range() takes * a reference against the returned pages. * * The search returns a group of mapping-contiguous pages with ascending * indexes. There may be holes in the indices due to not-present pages. * We also update @start to index the next page for the traversal. * * Return: the number of pages which were found. If this number is * smaller than @nr_pages, the end of specified range has been * reached. */ unsigned find_get_pages_range(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t *start, pgoff_t end, unsigned int nr_pages, struct page **pages) { XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, *start); struct page *page; unsigned ret = 0; if (unlikely(!nr_pages)) return 0; rcu_read_lock(); xas_for_each(&xas, page, end) { if (xas_retry(&xas, page)) continue; /* Skip over shadow, swap and DAX entries */ if (xa_is_value(page)) continue; if (!page_cache_get_speculative(page)) goto retry; /* Has the page moved or been split? */ if (unlikely(page != xas_reload(&xas))) goto put_page; pages[ret] = find_subpage(page, xas.xa_index); if (++ret == nr_pages) { *start = xas.xa_index + 1; goto out; } continue; put_page: put_page(page); retry: xas_reset(&xas); } /* * We come here when there is no page beyond @end. We take care to not * overflow the index @start as it confuses some of the callers. This * breaks the iteration when there is a page at index -1 but that is * already broken anyway. */ if (end == (pgoff_t)-1) *start = (pgoff_t)-1; else *start = end + 1; out: rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } /** * find_get_pages_contig - gang contiguous pagecache lookup * @mapping: The address_space to search * @index: The starting page index * @nr_pages: The maximum number of pages * @pages: Where the resulting pages are placed * * find_get_pages_contig() works exactly like find_get_pages(), except * that the returned number of pages are guaranteed to be contiguous. * * Return: the number of pages which were found. */ unsigned find_get_pages_contig(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, unsigned int nr_pages, struct page **pages) { XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, index); struct page *page; unsigned int ret = 0; if (unlikely(!nr_pages)) return 0; rcu_read_lock(); for (page = xas_load(&xas); page; page = xas_next(&xas)) { if (xas_retry(&xas, page)) continue; /* * If the entry has been swapped out, we can stop looking. * No current caller is looking for DAX entries. */ if (xa_is_value(page)) break; if (!page_cache_get_speculative(page)) goto retry; /* Has the page moved or been split? */ if (unlikely(page != xas_reload(&xas))) goto put_page; pages[ret] = find_subpage(page, xas.xa_index); if (++ret == nr_pages) break; continue; put_page: put_page(page); retry: xas_reset(&xas); } rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(find_get_pages_contig); /** * find_get_pages_range_tag - find and return pages in given range matching @tag * @mapping: the address_space to search * @index: the starting page index * @end: The final page index (inclusive) * @tag: the tag index * @nr_pages: the maximum number of pages * @pages: where the resulting pages are placed * * Like find_get_pages, except we only return pages which are tagged with * @tag. We update @index to index the next page for the traversal. * * Return: the number of pages which were found. */ unsigned find_get_pages_range_tag(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t *index, pgoff_t end, xa_mark_t tag, unsigned int nr_pages, struct page **pages) { XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, *index); struct page *page; unsigned ret = 0; if (unlikely(!nr_pages)) return 0; rcu_read_lock(); xas_for_each_marked(&xas, page, end, tag) { if (xas_retry(&xas, page)) continue; /* * Shadow entries should never be tagged, but this iteration * is lockless so there is a window for page reclaim to evict * a page we saw tagged. Skip over it. */ if (xa_is_value(page)) continue; if (!page_cache_get_speculative(page)) goto retry; /* Has the page moved or been split? */ if (unlikely(page != xas_reload(&xas))) goto put_page; pages[ret] = find_subpage(page, xas.xa_index); if (++ret == nr_pages) { *index = xas.xa_index + 1; goto out; } continue; put_page: put_page(page); retry: xas_reset(&xas); } /* * We come here when we got to @end. We take care to not overflow the * index @index as it confuses some of the callers. This breaks the * iteration when there is a page at index -1 but that is already * broken anyway. */ if (end == (pgoff_t)-1) *index = (pgoff_t)-1; else *index = end + 1; out: rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(find_get_pages_range_tag); /* * CD/DVDs are error prone. When a medium error occurs, the driver may fail * a _large_ part of the i/o request. Imagine the worst scenario: * * ---R__________________________________________B__________ * ^ reading here ^ bad block(assume 4k) * * read(R) => miss => readahead(R...B) => media error => frustrating retries * => failing the whole request => read(R) => read(R+1) => * readahead(R+1...B+1) => bang => read(R+2) => read(R+3) => * readahead(R+3...B+2) => bang => read(R+3) => read(R+4) => * readahead(R+4...B+3) => bang => read(R+4) => read(R+5) => ...... * * It is going insane. Fix it by quickly scaling down the readahead size. */ static void shrink_readahead_size_eio(struct file_ra_state *ra) { ra->ra_pages /= 4; } /** * generic_file_buffered_read - generic file read routine * @iocb: the iocb to read * @iter: data destination * @written: already copied * * This is a generic file read routine, and uses the * mapping->a_ops->readpage() function for the actual low-level stuff. * * This is really ugly. But the goto's actually try to clarify some * of the logic when it comes to error handling etc. * * Return: * * total number of bytes copied, including those the were already @written * * negative error code if nothing was copied */ ssize_t generic_file_buffered_read(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter, ssize_t written) { struct file *filp = iocb->ki_filp; struct address_space *mapping = filp->f_mapping; struct inode *inode = mapping->host; struct file_ra_state *ra = &filp->f_ra; loff_t *ppos = &iocb->ki_pos; pgoff_t index; pgoff_t last_index; pgoff_t prev_index; unsigned long offset; /* offset into pagecache page */ unsigned int prev_offset; int error = 0; if (unlikely(*ppos >= inode->i_sb->s_maxbytes)) return 0; iov_iter_truncate(iter, inode->i_sb->s_maxbytes); index = *ppos >> PAGE_SHIFT; prev_index = ra->prev_pos >> PAGE_SHIFT; prev_offset = ra->prev_pos & (PAGE_SIZE-1); last_index = (*ppos + iter->count + PAGE_SIZE-1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; offset = *ppos & ~PAGE_MASK; /* * If we've already successfully copied some data, then we * can no longer safely return -EIOCBQUEUED. Hence mark * an async read NOWAIT at that point. */ if (written && (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_WAITQ)) iocb->ki_flags |= IOCB_NOWAIT; for (;;) { struct page *page; pgoff_t end_index; loff_t isize; unsigned long nr, ret; cond_resched(); find_page: if (fatal_signal_pending(current)) { error = -EINTR; goto out; } page = find_get_page(mapping, index); if (!page) { if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_NOIO) goto would_block; page_cache_sync_readahead(mapping, ra, filp, index, last_index - index); page = find_get_page(mapping, index); if (unlikely(page == NULL)) goto no_cached_page; } if (PageReadahead(page)) { if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_NOIO) { put_page(page); goto out; } page_cache_async_readahead(mapping, ra, filp, page, index, last_index - index); } if (!PageUptodate(page)) { /* * See comment in do_read_cache_page on why * wait_on_page_locked is used to avoid unnecessarily * serialisations and why it's safe. */ if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_WAITQ) { if (written) { put_page(page); goto out; } error = wait_on_page_locked_async(page, iocb->ki_waitq); } else { if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_NOWAIT) { put_page(page); goto would_block; } error = wait_on_page_locked_killable(page); } if (unlikely(error)) goto readpage_error; if (PageUptodate(page)) goto page_ok; if (inode->i_blkbits == PAGE_SHIFT || !mapping->a_ops->is_partially_uptodate) goto page_not_up_to_date; /* pipes can't handle partially uptodate pages */ if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(iter))) goto page_not_up_to_date; if (!trylock_page(page)) goto page_not_up_to_date; /* Did it get truncated before we got the lock? */ if (!page->mapping) goto page_not_up_to_date_locked; if (!mapping->a_ops->is_partially_uptodate(page, offset, iter->count)) goto page_not_up_to_date_locked; unlock_page(page); } page_ok: /* * i_size must be checked after we know the page is Uptodate. * * Checking i_size after the check allows us to calculate * the correct value for "nr", which means the zero-filled * part of the page is not copied back to userspace (unless * another truncate extends the file - this is desired though). */ isize = i_size_read(inode); end_index = (isize - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (unlikely(!isize || index > end_index)) { put_page(page); goto out; } /* nr is the maximum number of bytes to copy from this page */ nr = PAGE_SIZE; if (index == end_index) { nr = ((isize - 1) & ~PAGE_MASK) + 1; if (nr <= offset) { put_page(page); goto out; } } nr = nr - offset; /* If users can be writing to this page using arbitrary * virtual addresses, take care about potential aliasing * before reading the page on the kernel side. */ if (mapping_writably_mapped(mapping)) flush_dcache_page(page); /* * When a sequential read accesses a page several times, * only mark it as accessed the first time. */ if (prev_index != index || offset != prev_offset) mark_page_accessed(page); prev_index = index; /* * Ok, we have the page, and it's up-to-date, so * now we can copy it to user space... */ ret = copy_page_to_iter(page, offset, nr, iter); offset += ret; index += offset >> PAGE_SHIFT; offset &= ~PAGE_MASK; prev_offset = offset; put_page(page); written += ret; if (!iov_iter_count(iter)) goto out; if (ret < nr) { error = -EFAULT; goto out; } continue; page_not_up_to_date: /* Get exclusive access to the page ... */ if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_WAITQ) { if (written) { put_page(page); goto out; } error = lock_page_async(page, iocb->ki_waitq); } else { error = lock_page_killable(page); } if (unlikely(error)) goto readpage_error; page_not_up_to_date_locked: /* Did it get truncated before we got the lock? */ if (!page->mapping) { unlock_page(page); put_page(page); continue; } /* Did somebody else fill it already? */ if (PageUptodate(page)) { unlock_page(page); goto page_ok; } readpage: if (iocb->ki_flags & (IOCB_NOIO | IOCB_NOWAIT)) { unlock_page(page); put_page(page); goto would_block; } /* * A previous I/O error may have been due to temporary * failures, eg. multipath errors. * PG_error will be set again if readpage fails. */ ClearPageError(page); /* Start the actual read. The read will unlock the page. */ error = mapping->a_ops->readpage(filp, page); if (unlikely(error)) { if (error == AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE) { put_page(page); error = 0; goto find_page; } goto readpage_error; } if (!PageUptodate(page)) { if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_WAITQ) { if (written) { put_page(page); goto out; } error = lock_page_async(page, iocb->ki_waitq); } else { error = lock_page_killable(page); } if (unlikely(error)) goto readpage_error; if (!PageUptodate(page)) { if (page->mapping == NULL) { /* * invalidate_mapping_pages got it */ unlock_page(page); put_page(page); goto find_page; } unlock_page(page); shrink_readahead_size_eio(ra); error = -EIO; goto readpage_error; } unlock_page(page); } goto page_ok; readpage_error: /* UHHUH! A synchronous read error occurred. Report it */ put_page(page); goto out; no_cached_page: /* * Ok, it wasn't cached, so we need to create a new * page.. */ page = page_cache_alloc(mapping); if (!page) { error = -ENOMEM; goto out; } error = add_to_page_cache_lru(page, mapping, index, mapping_gfp_constraint(mapping, GFP_KERNEL)); if (error) { put_page(page); if (error == -EEXIST) { error = 0; goto find_page; } goto out; } goto readpage; } would_block: error = -EAGAIN; out: ra->prev_pos = prev_index; ra->prev_pos <<= PAGE_SHIFT; ra->prev_pos |= prev_offset; *ppos = ((loff_t)index << PAGE_SHIFT) + offset; file_accessed(filp); return written ? written : error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(generic_file_buffered_read); /** * generic_file_read_iter - generic filesystem read routine * @iocb: kernel I/O control block * @iter: destination for the data read * * This is the "read_iter()" routine for all filesystems * that can use the page cache directly. * * The IOCB_NOWAIT flag in iocb->ki_flags indicates that -EAGAIN shall * be returned when no data can be read without waiting for I/O requests * to complete; it doesn't prevent readahead. * * The IOCB_NOIO flag in iocb->ki_flags indicates that no new I/O * requests shall be made for the read or for readahead. When no data * can be read, -EAGAIN shall be returned. When readahead would be * triggered, a partial, possibly empty read shall be returned. * * Return: * * number of bytes copied, even for partial reads * * negative error code (or 0 if IOCB_NOIO) if nothing was read */ ssize_t generic_file_read_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter) { size_t count = iov_iter_count(iter); ssize_t retval = 0; if (!count) goto out; /* skip atime */ if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_DIRECT) { struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp; struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping; struct inode *inode = mapping->host; loff_t size; size = i_size_read(inode); if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_NOWAIT) { if (filemap_range_has_page(mapping, iocb->ki_pos, iocb->ki_pos + count - 1)) return -EAGAIN; } else { retval = filemap_write_and_wait_range(mapping, iocb->ki_pos, iocb->ki_pos + count - 1); if (retval < 0) goto out; } file_accessed(file); retval = mapping->a_ops->direct_IO(iocb, iter); if (retval >= 0) { iocb->ki_pos += retval; count -= retval; } iov_iter_revert(iter, count - iov_iter_count(iter)); /* * Btrfs can have a short DIO read if we encounter * compressed extents, so if there was an error, or if * we've already read everything we wanted to, or if * there was a short read because we hit EOF, go ahead * and return. Otherwise fallthrough to buffered io for * the rest of the read. Buffered reads will not work for * DAX files, so don't bother trying. */ if (retval < 0 || !count || iocb->ki_pos >= size || IS_DAX(inode)) goto out; } retval = generic_file_buffered_read(iocb, iter, retval); out: return retval; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_file_read_iter); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU #define MMAP_LOTSAMISS (100) /* * lock_page_maybe_drop_mmap - lock the page, possibly dropping the mmap_lock * @vmf - the vm_fault for this fault. * @page - the page to lock. * @fpin - the pointer to the file we may pin (or is already pinned). * * This works similar to lock_page_or_retry in that it can drop the mmap_lock. * It differs in that it actually returns the page locked if it returns 1 and 0 * if it couldn't lock the page. If we did have to drop the mmap_lock then fpin * will point to the pinned file and needs to be fput()'ed at a later point. */ static int lock_page_maybe_drop_mmap(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page, struct file **fpin) { if (trylock_page(page)) return 1; /* * NOTE! This will make us return with VM_FAULT_RETRY, but with * the mmap_lock still held. That's how FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT * is supposed to work. We have way too many special cases.. */ if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT) return 0; *fpin = maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(vmf, *fpin); if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE) { if (__lock_page_killable(page)) { /* * We didn't have the right flags to drop the mmap_lock, * but all fault_handlers only check for fatal signals * if we return VM_FAULT_RETRY, so we need to drop the * mmap_lock here and return 0 if we don't have a fpin. */ if (*fpin == NULL) mmap_read_unlock(vmf->vma->vm_mm); return 0; } } else __lock_page(page); return 1; } /* * Synchronous readahead happens when we don't even find a page in the page * cache at all. We don't want to perform IO under the mmap sem, so if we have * to drop the mmap sem we return the file that was pinned in order for us to do * that. If we didn't pin a file then we return NULL. The file that is * returned needs to be fput()'ed when we're done with it. */ static struct file *do_sync_mmap_readahead(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct file *file = vmf->vma->vm_file; struct file_ra_state *ra = &file->f_ra; struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping; DEFINE_READAHEAD(ractl, file, mapping, vmf->pgoff); struct file *fpin = NULL; unsigned int mmap_miss; /* If we don't want any read-ahead, don't bother */ if (vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_RAND_READ) return fpin; if (!ra->ra_pages) return fpin; if (vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SEQ_READ) { fpin = maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(vmf, fpin); page_cache_sync_ra(&ractl, ra, ra->ra_pages); return fpin; } /* Avoid banging the cache line if not needed */ mmap_miss = READ_ONCE(ra->mmap_miss); if (mmap_miss < MMAP_LOTSAMISS * 10) WRITE_ONCE(ra->mmap_miss, ++mmap_miss); /* * Do we miss much more than hit in this file? If so, * stop bothering with read-ahead. It will only hurt. */ if (mmap_miss > MMAP_LOTSAMISS) return fpin; /* * mmap read-around */ fpin = maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(vmf, fpin); ra->start = max_t(long, 0, vmf->pgoff - ra->ra_pages / 2); ra->size = ra->ra_pages; ra->async_size = ra->ra_pages / 4; ractl._index = ra->start; do_page_cache_ra(&ractl, ra->size, ra->async_size); return fpin; } /* * Asynchronous readahead happens when we find the page and PG_readahead, * so we want to possibly extend the readahead further. We return the file that * was pinned if we have to drop the mmap_lock in order to do IO. */ static struct file *do_async_mmap_readahead(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { struct file *file = vmf->vma->vm_file; struct file_ra_state *ra = &file->f_ra; struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping; struct file *fpin = NULL; unsigned int mmap_miss; pgoff_t offset = vmf->pgoff; /* If we don't want any read-ahead, don't bother */ if (vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_RAND_READ || !ra->ra_pages) return fpin; mmap_miss = READ_ONCE(ra->mmap_miss); if (mmap_miss) WRITE_ONCE(ra->mmap_miss, --mmap_miss); if (PageReadahead(page)) { fpin = maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(vmf, fpin); page_cache_async_readahead(mapping, ra, file, page, offset, ra->ra_pages); } return fpin; } /** * filemap_fault - read in file data for page fault handling * @vmf: struct vm_fault containing details of the fault * * filemap_fault() is invoked via the vma operations vector for a * mapped memory region to read in file data during a page fault. * * The goto's are kind of ugly, but this streamlines the normal case of having * it in the page cache, and handles the special cases reasonably without * having a lot of duplicated code. * * vma->vm_mm->mmap_lock must be held on entry. * * If our return value has VM_FAULT_RETRY set, it's because the mmap_lock * may be dropped before doing I/O or by lock_page_maybe_drop_mmap(). * * If our return value does not have VM_FAULT_RETRY set, the mmap_lock * has not been released. * * We never return with VM_FAULT_RETRY and a bit from VM_FAULT_ERROR set. * * Return: bitwise-OR of %VM_FAULT_ codes. */ vm_fault_t filemap_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { int error; struct file *file = vmf->vma->vm_file; struct file *fpin = NULL; struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping; struct file_ra_state *ra = &file->f_ra; struct inode *inode = mapping->host; pgoff_t offset = vmf->pgoff; pgoff_t max_off; struct page *page; vm_fault_t ret = 0; max_off = DIV_ROUND_UP(i_size_read(inode), PAGE_SIZE); if (unlikely(offset >= max_off)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; /* * Do we have something in the page cache already? */ page = find_get_page(mapping, offset); if (likely(page) && !(vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED)) { /* * We found the page, so try async readahead before * waiting for the lock. */ fpin = do_async_mmap_readahead(vmf, page); } else if (!page) { /* No page in the page cache at all */ count_vm_event(PGMAJFAULT); count_memcg_event_mm(vmf->vma->vm_mm, PGMAJFAULT); ret = VM_FAULT_MAJOR; fpin = do_sync_mmap_readahead(vmf); retry_find: page = pagecache_get_page(mapping, offset, FGP_CREAT|FGP_FOR_MMAP, vmf->gfp_mask); if (!page) { if (fpin) goto out_retry; return VM_FAULT_OOM; } } if (!lock_page_maybe_drop_mmap(vmf, page, &fpin)) goto out_retry; /* Did it get truncated? */ if (unlikely(compound_head(page)->mapping != mapping)) { unlock_page(page); put_page(page); goto retry_find; } VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_to_pgoff(page) != offset, page); /* * We have a locked page in the page cache, now we need to check * that it's up-to-date. If not, it is going to be due to an error. */ if (unlikely(!PageUptodate(page))) goto page_not_uptodate; /* * We've made it this far and we had to drop our mmap_lock, now is the * time to return to the upper layer and have it re-find the vma and * redo the fault. */ if (fpin) { unlock_page(page); goto out_retry; } /* * Found the page and have a reference on it. * We must recheck i_size under page lock. */ max_off = DIV_ROUND_UP(i_size_read(inode), PAGE_SIZE); if (unlikely(offset >= max_off)) { unlock_page(page); put_page(page); return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } vmf->page = page; return ret | VM_FAULT_LOCKED; page_not_uptodate: /* * Umm, take care of errors if the page isn't up-to-date. * Try to re-read it _once_. We do this synchronously, * because there really aren't any performance issues here * and we need to check for errors. */ ClearPageError(page); fpin = maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(vmf, fpin); error = mapping->a_ops->readpage(file, page); if (!error) { wait_on_page_locked(page); if (!PageUptodate(page)) error = -EIO; } if (fpin) goto out_retry; put_page(page); if (!error || error == AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE) goto retry_find; shrink_readahead_size_eio(ra); return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; out_retry: /* * We dropped the mmap_lock, we need to return to the fault handler to * re-find the vma and come back and find our hopefully still populated * page. */ if (page) put_page(page); if (fpin) fput(fpin); return ret | VM_FAULT_RETRY; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_fault); void filemap_map_pages(struct vm_fault *vmf, pgoff_t start_pgoff, pgoff_t end_pgoff) { struct file *file = vmf->vma->vm_file; struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping; pgoff_t last_pgoff = start_pgoff; unsigned long max_idx; XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, start_pgoff); struct page *head, *page; unsigned int mmap_miss = READ_ONCE(file->f_ra.mmap_miss); rcu_read_lock(); xas_for_each(&xas, head, end_pgoff) { if (xas_retry(&xas, head)) continue; if (xa_is_value(head)) goto next; /* * Check for a locked page first, as a speculative * reference may adversely influence page migration. */ if (PageLocked(head)) goto next; if (!page_cache_get_speculative(head)) goto next; /* Has the page moved or been split? */ if (unlikely(head != xas_reload(&xas))) goto skip; page = find_subpage(head, xas.xa_index); if (!PageUptodate(head) || PageReadahead(page) || PageHWPoison(page)) goto skip; if (!trylock_page(head)) goto skip; if (head->mapping != mapping || !PageUptodate(head)) goto unlock; max_idx = DIV_ROUND_UP(i_size_read(mapping->host), PAGE_SIZE); if (xas.xa_index >= max_idx) goto unlock; if (mmap_miss > 0) mmap_miss--; vmf->address += (xas.xa_index - last_pgoff) << PAGE_SHIFT; if (vmf->pte) vmf->pte += xas.xa_index - last_pgoff; last_pgoff = xas.xa_index; if (alloc_set_pte(vmf, page)) goto unlock; unlock_page(head); goto next; unlock: unlock_page(head); skip: put_page(head); next: /* Huge page is mapped? No need to proceed. */ if (pmd_trans_huge(*vmf->pmd)) break; } rcu_read_unlock(); WRITE_ONCE(file->f_ra.mmap_miss, mmap_miss); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_map_pages); vm_fault_t filemap_page_mkwrite(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct page *page = vmf->page; struct inode *inode = file_inode(vmf->vma->vm_file); vm_fault_t ret = VM_FAULT_LOCKED; sb_start_pagefault(inode->i_sb); file_update_time(vmf->vma->vm_file); lock_page(page); if (page->mapping != inode->i_mapping) { unlock_page(page); ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; goto out; } /* * We mark the page dirty already here so that when freeze is in * progress, we are guaranteed that writeback during freezing will * see the dirty page and writeprotect it again. */ set_page_dirty(page); wait_for_stable_page(page); out: sb_end_pagefault(inode->i_sb); return ret; } const struct vm_operations_struct generic_file_vm_ops = { .fault = filemap_fault, .map_pages = filemap_map_pages, .page_mkwrite = filemap_page_mkwrite, }; /* This is used for a general mmap of a disk file */ int generic_file_mmap(struct file * file, struct vm_area_struct * vma) { struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping; if (!mapping->a_ops->readpage) return -ENOEXEC; file_accessed(file); vma->vm_ops = &generic_file_vm_ops; return 0; } /* * This is for filesystems which do not implement ->writepage. */ int generic_file_readonly_mmap(struct file *file, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if ((vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) && (vma->vm_flags & VM_MAYWRITE)) return -EINVAL; return generic_file_mmap(file, vma); } #else vm_fault_t filemap_page_mkwrite(struct vm_fault *vmf) { return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } int generic_file_mmap(struct file * file, struct vm_area_struct * vma) { return -ENOSYS; } int generic_file_readonly_mmap(struct file * file, struct vm_area_struct * vma) { return -ENOSYS; } #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_page_mkwrite); EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_file_mmap); EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_file_readonly_mmap); static struct page *wait_on_page_read(struct page *page) { if (!IS_ERR(page)) { wait_on_page_locked(page); if (!PageUptodate(page)) { put_page(page); page = ERR_PTR(-EIO); } } return page; } static struct page *do_read_cache_page(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, int (*filler)(void *, struct page *), void *data, gfp_t gfp) { struct page *page; int err; repeat: page = find_get_page(mapping, index); if (!page) { page = __page_cache_alloc(gfp); if (!page) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); err = add_to_page_cache_lru(page, mapping, index, gfp); if (unlikely(err)) { put_page(page); if (err == -EEXIST) goto repeat; /* Presumably ENOMEM for xarray node */ return ERR_PTR(err); } filler: if (filler) err = filler(data, page); else err = mapping->a_ops->readpage(data, page); if (err < 0) { put_page(page); return ERR_PTR(err); } page = wait_on_page_read(page); if (IS_ERR(page)) return page; goto out; } if (PageUptodate(page)) goto out; /* * Page is not up to date and may be locked due to one of the following * case a: Page is being filled and the page lock is held * case b: Read/write error clearing the page uptodate status * case c: Truncation in progress (page locked) * case d: Reclaim in progress * * Case a, the page will be up to date when the page is unlocked. * There is no need to serialise on the page lock here as the page * is pinned so the lock gives no additional protection. Even if the * page is truncated, the data is still valid if PageUptodate as * it's a race vs truncate race. * Case b, the page will not be up to date * Case c, the page may be truncated but in itself, the data may still * be valid after IO completes as it's a read vs truncate race. The * operation must restart if the page is not uptodate on unlock but * otherwise serialising on page lock to stabilise the mapping gives * no additional guarantees to the caller as the page lock is * released before return. * Case d, similar to truncation. If reclaim holds the page lock, it * will be a race with remove_mapping that determines if the mapping * is valid on unlock but otherwise the data is valid and there is * no need to serialise with page lock. * * As the page lock gives no additional guarantee, we optimistically * wait on the page to be unlocked and check if it's up to date and * use the page if it is. Otherwise, the page lock is required to * distinguish between the different cases. The motivation is that we * avoid spurious serialisations and wakeups when multiple processes * wait on the same page for IO to complete. */ wait_on_page_locked(page); if (PageUptodate(page)) goto out; /* Distinguish between all the cases under the safety of the lock */ lock_page(page); /* Case c or d, restart the operation */ if (!page->mapping) { unlock_page(page); put_page(page); goto repeat; } /* Someone else locked and filled the page in a very small window */ if (PageUptodate(page)) { unlock_page(page); goto out; } /* * A previous I/O error may have been due to temporary * failures. * Clear page error before actual read, PG_error will be * set again if read page fails. */ ClearPageError(page); goto filler; out: mark_page_accessed(page); return page; } /** * read_cache_page - read into page cache, fill it if needed * @mapping: the page's address_space * @index: the page index * @filler: function to perform the read * @data: first arg to filler(data, page) function, often left as NULL * * Read into the page cache. If a page already exists, and PageUptodate() is * not set, try to fill the page and wait for it to become unlocked. * * If the page does not get brought uptodate, return -EIO. * * Return: up to date page on success, ERR_PTR() on failure. */ struct page *read_cache_page(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, int (*filler)(void *, struct page *), void *data) { return do_read_cache_page(mapping, index, filler, data, mapping_gfp_mask(mapping)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(read_cache_page); /** * read_cache_page_gfp - read into page cache, using specified page allocation flags. * @mapping: the page's address_space * @index: the page index * @gfp: the page allocator flags to use if allocating * * This is the same as "read_mapping_page(mapping, index, NULL)", but with * any new page allocations done using the specified allocation flags. * * If the page does not get brought uptodate, return -EIO. * * Return: up to date page on success, ERR_PTR() on failure. */ struct page *read_cache_page_gfp(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, gfp_t gfp) { return do_read_cache_page(mapping, index, NULL, NULL, gfp); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(read_cache_page_gfp); int pagecache_write_begin(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, void **fsdata) { const struct address_space_operations *aops = mapping->a_ops; return aops->write_begin(file, mapping, pos, len, flags, pagep, fsdata); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(pagecache_write_begin); int pagecache_write_end(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page, void *fsdata) { const struct address_space_operations *aops = mapping->a_ops; return aops->write_end(file, mapping, pos, len, copied, page, fsdata); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(pagecache_write_end); /* * Warn about a page cache invalidation failure during a direct I/O write. */ void dio_warn_stale_pagecache(struct file *filp) { static DEFINE_RATELIMIT_STATE(_rs, 86400 * HZ, DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_BURST); char pathname[128]; struct inode *inode = file_inode(filp); char *path; errseq_set(&inode->i_mapping->wb_err, -EIO); if (__ratelimit(&_rs)) { path = file_path(filp, pathname, sizeof(pathname)); if (IS_ERR(path)) path = "(unknown)"; pr_crit("Page cache invalidation failure on direct I/O. Possible data corruption due to collision with buffered I/O!\n"); pr_crit("File: %s PID: %d Comm: %.20s\n", path, current->pid, current->comm); } } ssize_t generic_file_direct_write(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from) { struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp; struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping; struct inode *inode = mapping->host; loff_t pos = iocb->ki_pos; ssize_t written; size_t write_len; pgoff_t end; write_len = iov_iter_count(from); end = (pos + write_len - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_NOWAIT) { /* If there are pages to writeback, return */ if (filemap_range_has_page(inode->i_mapping, pos, pos + write_len - 1)) return -EAGAIN; } else { written = filemap_write_and_wait_range(mapping, pos, pos + write_len - 1); if (written) goto out; } /* * After a write we want buffered reads to be sure to go to disk to get * the new data. We invalidate clean cached page from the region we're * about to write. We do this *before* the write so that we can return * without clobbering -EIOCBQUEUED from ->direct_IO(). */ written = invalidate_inode_pages2_range(mapping, pos >> PAGE_SHIFT, end); /* * If a page can not be invalidated, return 0 to fall back * to buffered write. */ if (written) { if (written == -EBUSY) return 0; goto out; } written = mapping->a_ops->direct_IO(iocb, from); /* * Finally, try again to invalidate clean pages which might have been * cached by non-direct readahead, or faulted in by get_user_pages() * if the source of the write was an mmap'ed region of the file * we're writing. Either one is a pretty crazy thing to do, * so we don't support it 100%. If this invalidation * fails, tough, the write still worked... * * Most of the time we do not need this since dio_complete() will do * the invalidation for us. However there are some file systems that * do not end up with dio_complete() being called, so let's not break * them by removing it completely. * * Noticeable example is a blkdev_direct_IO(). * * Skip invalidation for async writes or if mapping has no pages. */ if (written > 0 && mapping->nrpages && invalidate_inode_pages2_range(mapping, pos >> PAGE_SHIFT, end)) dio_warn_stale_pagecache(file); if (written > 0) { pos += written; write_len -= written; if (pos > i_size_read(inode) && !S_ISBLK(inode->i_mode)) { i_size_write(inode, pos); mark_inode_dirty(inode); } iocb->ki_pos = pos; } iov_iter_revert(from, write_len - iov_iter_count(from)); out: return written; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_file_direct_write); /* * Find or create a page at the given pagecache position. Return the locked * page. This function is specifically for buffered writes. */ struct page *grab_cache_page_write_begin(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, unsigned flags) { struct page *page; int fgp_flags = FGP_LOCK|FGP_WRITE|FGP_CREAT; if (flags & AOP_FLAG_NOFS) fgp_flags |= FGP_NOFS; page = pagecache_get_page(mapping, index, fgp_flags, mapping_gfp_mask(mapping)); if (page) wait_for_stable_page(page); return page; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(grab_cache_page_write_begin); ssize_t generic_perform_write(struct file *file, struct iov_iter *i, loff_t pos) { struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping; const struct address_space_operations *a_ops = mapping->a_ops; long status = 0; ssize_t written = 0; unsigned int flags = 0; do { struct page *page; unsigned long offset; /* Offset into pagecache page */ unsigned long bytes; /* Bytes to write to page */ size_t copied; /* Bytes copied from user */ void *fsdata; offset = (pos & (PAGE_SIZE - 1)); bytes = min_t(unsigned long, PAGE_SIZE - offset, iov_iter_count(i)); again: /* * Bring in the user page that we will copy from _first_. * Otherwise there's a nasty deadlock on copying from the * same page as we're writing to, without it being marked * up-to-date. * * Not only is this an optimisation, but it is also required * to check that the address is actually valid, when atomic * usercopies are used, below. */ if (unlikely(iov_iter_fault_in_readable(i, bytes))) { status = -EFAULT; break; } if (fatal_signal_pending(current)) { status = -EINTR; break; } status = a_ops->write_begin(file, mapping, pos, bytes, flags, &page, &fsdata); if (unlikely(status < 0)) break; if (mapping_writably_mapped(mapping)) flush_dcache_page(page); copied = iov_iter_copy_from_user_atomic(page, i, offset, bytes); flush_dcache_page(page); status = a_ops->write_end(file, mapping, pos, bytes, copied, page, fsdata); if (unlikely(status < 0)) break; copied = status; cond_resched(); iov_iter_advance(i, copied); if (unlikely(copied == 0)) { /* * If we were unable to copy any data at all, we must * fall back to a single segment length write. * * If we didn't fallback here, we could livelock * because not all segments in the iov can be copied at * once without a pagefault. */ bytes = min_t(unsigned long, PAGE_SIZE - offset, iov_iter_single_seg_count(i)); goto again; } pos += copied; written += copied; balance_dirty_pages_ratelimited(mapping); } while (iov_iter_count(i)); return written ? written : status; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_perform_write); /** * __generic_file_write_iter - write data to a file * @iocb: IO state structure (file, offset, etc.) * @from: iov_iter with data to write * * This function does all the work needed for actually writing data to a * file. It does all basic checks, removes SUID from the file, updates * modification times and calls proper subroutines depending on whether we * do direct IO or a standard buffered write. * * It expects i_mutex to be grabbed unless we work on a block device or similar * object which does not need locking at all. * * This function does *not* take care of syncing data in case of O_SYNC write. * A caller has to handle it. This is mainly due to the fact that we want to * avoid syncing under i_mutex. * * Return: * * number of bytes written, even for truncated writes * * negative error code if no data has been written at all */ ssize_t __generic_file_write_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from) { struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp; struct address_space * mapping = file->f_mapping; struct inode *inode = mapping->host; ssize_t written = 0; ssize_t err; ssize_t status; /* We can write back this queue in page reclaim */ current->backing_dev_info = inode_to_bdi(inode); err = file_remove_privs(file); if (err) goto out; err = file_update_time(file); if (err) goto out; if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_DIRECT) { loff_t pos, endbyte; written = generic_file_direct_write(iocb, from); /* * If the write stopped short of completing, fall back to * buffered writes. Some filesystems do this for writes to * holes, for example. For DAX files, a buffered write will * not succeed (even if it did, DAX does not handle dirty * page-cache pages correctly). */ if (written < 0 || !iov_iter_count(from) || IS_DAX(inode)) goto out; status = generic_perform_write(file, from, pos = iocb->ki_pos); /* * If generic_perform_write() returned a synchronous error * then we want to return the number of bytes which were * direct-written, or the error code if that was zero. Note * that this differs from normal direct-io semantics, which * will return -EFOO even if some bytes were written. */ if (unlikely(status < 0)) { err = status; goto out; } /* * We need to ensure that the page cache pages are written to * disk and invalidated to preserve the expected O_DIRECT * semantics. */ endbyte = pos + status - 1; err = filemap_write_and_wait_range(mapping, pos, endbyte); if (err == 0) { iocb->ki_pos = endbyte + 1; written += status; invalidate_mapping_pages(mapping, pos >> PAGE_SHIFT, endbyte >> PAGE_SHIFT); } else { /* * We don't know how much we wrote, so just return * the number of bytes which were direct-written */ } } else { written = generic_perform_write(file, from, iocb->ki_pos); if (likely(written > 0)) iocb->ki_pos += written; } out: current->backing_dev_info = NULL; return written ? written : err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__generic_file_write_iter); /** * generic_file_write_iter - write data to a file * @iocb: IO state structure * @from: iov_iter with data to write * * This is a wrapper around __generic_file_write_iter() to be used by most * filesystems. It takes care of syncing the file in case of O_SYNC file * and acquires i_mutex as needed. * Return: * * negative error code if no data has been written at all of * vfs_fsync_range() failed for a synchronous write * * number of bytes written, even for truncated writes */ ssize_t generic_file_write_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from) { struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp; struct inode *inode = file->f_mapping->host; ssize_t ret; inode_lock(inode); ret = generic_write_checks(iocb, from); if (ret > 0) ret = __generic_file_write_iter(iocb, from); inode_unlock(inode); if (ret > 0) ret = generic_write_sync(iocb, ret); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_file_write_iter); /** * try_to_release_page() - release old fs-specific metadata on a page * * @page: the page which the kernel is trying to free * @gfp_mask: memory allocation flags (and I/O mode) * * The address_space is to try to release any data against the page * (presumably at page->private). * * This may also be called if PG_fscache is set on a page, indicating that the * page is known to the local caching routines. * * The @gfp_mask argument specifies whether I/O may be performed to release * this page (__GFP_IO), and whether the call may block (__GFP_RECLAIM & __GFP_FS). * * Return: %1 if the release was successful, otherwise return zero. */ int try_to_release_page(struct page *page, gfp_t gfp_mask) { struct address_space * const mapping = page->mapping; BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page)); if (PageWriteback(page)) return 0; if (mapping && mapping->a_ops->releasepage) return mapping->a_ops->releasepage(page, gfp_mask); return try_to_free_buffers(page); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(try_to_release_page);
1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_STRING_H_ #define _LINUX_STRING_H_ #include <linux/compiler.h> /* for inline */ #include <linux/types.h> /* for size_t */ #include <linux/stddef.h> /* for NULL */ #include <stdarg.h> #include <uapi/linux/string.h> extern char *strndup_user(const char __user *, long); extern void *memdup_user(const void __user *, size_t); extern void *vmemdup_user(const void __user *, size_t); extern void *memdup_user_nul(const void __user *, size_t); /* * Include machine specific inline routines */ #include <asm/string.h> #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRCPY extern char * strcpy(char *,const char *); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRNCPY extern char * strncpy(char *,const char *, __kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRLCPY size_t strlcpy(char *, const char *, size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRSCPY ssize_t strscpy(char *, const char *, size_t); #endif /* Wraps calls to strscpy()/memset(), no arch specific code required */ ssize_t strscpy_pad(char *dest, const char *src, size_t count); #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRCAT extern char * strcat(char *, const char *); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRNCAT extern char * strncat(char *, const char *, __kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRLCAT extern size_t strlcat(char *, const char *, __kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRCMP extern int strcmp(const char *,const char *); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRNCMP extern int strncmp(const char *,const char *,__kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRCASECMP extern int strcasecmp(const char *s1, const char *s2); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRNCASECMP extern int strncasecmp(const char *s1, const char *s2, size_t n); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRCHR extern char * strchr(const char *,int); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRCHRNUL extern char * strchrnul(const char *,int); #endif extern char * strnchrnul(const char *, size_t, int); #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRNCHR extern char * strnchr(const char *, size_t, int); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRRCHR extern char * strrchr(const char *,int); #endif extern char * __must_check skip_spaces(const char *); extern char *strim(char *); static inline __must_check char *strstrip(char *str) { return strim(str); } #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRSTR extern char * strstr(const char *, const char *); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRNSTR extern char * strnstr(const char *, const char *, size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRLEN extern __kernel_size_t strlen(const char *); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRNLEN extern __kernel_size_t strnlen(const char *,__kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRPBRK extern char * strpbrk(const char *,const char *); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRSEP extern char * strsep(char **,const char *); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRSPN extern __kernel_size_t strspn(const char *,const char *); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRCSPN extern __kernel_size_t strcspn(const char *,const char *); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMSET extern void * memset(void *,int,__kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMSET16 extern void *memset16(uint16_t *, uint16_t, __kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMSET32 extern void *memset32(uint32_t *, uint32_t, __kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMSET64 extern void *memset64(uint64_t *, uint64_t, __kernel_size_t); #endif static inline void *memset_l(unsigned long *p, unsigned long v, __kernel_size_t n) { if (BITS_PER_LONG == 32) return memset32((uint32_t *)p, v, n); else return memset64((uint64_t *)p, v, n); } static inline void *memset_p(void **p, void *v, __kernel_size_t n) { if (BITS_PER_LONG == 32) return memset32((uint32_t *)p, (uintptr_t)v, n); else return memset64((uint64_t *)p, (uintptr_t)v, n); } extern void **__memcat_p(void **a, void **b); #define memcat_p(a, b) ({ \ BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG(!__same_type(*(a), *(b)), \ "type mismatch in memcat_p()"); \ (typeof(*a) *)__memcat_p((void **)(a), (void **)(b)); \ }) #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMCPY extern void * memcpy(void *,const void *,__kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMMOVE extern void * memmove(void *,const void *,__kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMSCAN extern void * memscan(void *,int,__kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMCMP extern int memcmp(const void *,const void *,__kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_BCMP extern int bcmp(const void *,const void *,__kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMCHR extern void * memchr(const void *,int,__kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMCPY_FLUSHCACHE static inline void memcpy_flushcache(void *dst, const void *src, size_t cnt) { memcpy(dst, src, cnt); } #endif void *memchr_inv(const void *s, int c, size_t n); char *strreplace(char *s, char old, char new); extern void kfree_const(const void *x); extern char *kstrdup(const char *s, gfp_t gfp) __malloc; extern const char *kstrdup_const(const char *s, gfp_t gfp); extern char *kstrndup(const char *s, size_t len, gfp_t gfp); extern void *kmemdup(const void *src, size_t len, gfp_t gfp); extern char *kmemdup_nul(const char *s, size_t len, gfp_t gfp); extern char **argv_split(gfp_t gfp, const char *str, int *argcp); extern void argv_free(char **argv); extern bool sysfs_streq(const char *s1, const char *s2); extern int kstrtobool(const char *s, bool *res); static inline int strtobool(const char *s, bool *res) { return kstrtobool(s, res); } int match_string(const char * const *array, size_t n, const char *string); int __sysfs_match_string(const char * const *array, size_t n, const char *s); /** * sysfs_match_string - matches given string in an array * @_a: array of strings * @_s: string to match with * * Helper for __sysfs_match_string(). Calculates the size of @a automatically. */ #define sysfs_match_string(_a, _s) __sysfs_match_string(_a, ARRAY_SIZE(_a), _s) #ifdef CONFIG_BINARY_PRINTF int vbin_printf(u32 *bin_buf, size_t size, const char *fmt, va_list args); int bstr_printf(char *buf, size_t size, const char *fmt, const u32 *bin_buf); int bprintf(u32 *bin_buf, size_t size, const char *fmt, ...) __printf(3, 4); #endif extern ssize_t memory_read_from_buffer(void *to, size_t count, loff_t *ppos, const void *from, size_t available); int ptr_to_hashval(const void *ptr, unsigned long *hashval_out); /** * strstarts - does @str start with @prefix? * @str: string to examine * @prefix: prefix to look for. */ static inline bool strstarts(const char *str, const char *prefix) { return strncmp(str, prefix, strlen(prefix)) == 0; } size_t memweight(const void *ptr, size_t bytes); /** * memzero_explicit - Fill a region of memory (e.g. sensitive * keying data) with 0s. * @s: Pointer to the start of the area. * @count: The size of the area. * * Note: usually using memset() is just fine (!), but in cases * where clearing out _local_ data at the end of a scope is * necessary, memzero_explicit() should be used instead in * order to prevent the compiler from optimising away zeroing. * * memzero_explicit() doesn't need an arch-specific version as * it just invokes the one of memset() implicitly. */ static inline void memzero_explicit(void *s, size_t count) { memset(s, 0, count); barrier_data(s); } /** * kbasename - return the last part of a pathname. * * @path: path to extract the filename from. */ static inline const char *kbasename(const char *path) { const char *tail = strrchr(path, '/'); return tail ? tail + 1 : path; } #define __FORTIFY_INLINE extern __always_inline __attribute__((gnu_inline)) #define __RENAME(x) __asm__(#x) void fortify_panic(const char *name) __noreturn __cold; void __read_overflow(void) __compiletime_error("detected read beyond size of object passed as 1st parameter"); void __read_overflow2(void) __compiletime_error("detected read beyond size of object passed as 2nd parameter"); void __read_overflow3(void) __compiletime_error("detected read beyond size of object passed as 3rd parameter"); void __write_overflow(void) __compiletime_error("detected write beyond size of object passed as 1st parameter"); #if !defined(__NO_FORTIFY) && defined(__OPTIMIZE__) && defined(CONFIG_FORTIFY_SOURCE) #ifdef CONFIG_KASAN extern void *__underlying_memchr(const void *p, int c, __kernel_size_t size) __RENAME(memchr); extern int __underlying_memcmp(const void *p, const void *q, __kernel_size_t size) __RENAME(memcmp); extern void *__underlying_memcpy(void *p, const void *q, __kernel_size_t size) __RENAME(memcpy); extern void *__underlying_memmove(void *p, const void *q, __kernel_size_t size) __RENAME(memmove); extern void *__underlying_memset(void *p, int c, __kernel_size_t size) __RENAME(memset); extern char *__underlying_strcat(char *p, const char *q) __RENAME(strcat); extern char *__underlying_strcpy(char *p, const char *q) __RENAME(strcpy); extern __kernel_size_t __underlying_strlen(const char *p) __RENAME(strlen); extern char *__underlying_strncat(char *p, const char *q, __kernel_size_t count) __RENAME(strncat); extern char *__underlying_strncpy(char *p, const char *q, __kernel_size_t size) __RENAME(strncpy); #else #define __underlying_memchr __builtin_memchr #define __underlying_memcmp __builtin_memcmp #define __underlying_memcpy __builtin_memcpy #define __underlying_memmove __builtin_memmove #define __underlying_memset __builtin_memset #define __underlying_strcat __builtin_strcat #define __underlying_strcpy __builtin_strcpy #define __underlying_strlen __builtin_strlen #define __underlying_strncat __builtin_strncat #define __underlying_strncpy __builtin_strncpy #endif __FORTIFY_INLINE char *strncpy(char *p, const char *q, __kernel_size_t size) { size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); if (__builtin_constant_p(size) && p_size < size) __write_overflow(); if (p_size < size) fortify_panic(__func__); return __underlying_strncpy(p, q, size); } __FORTIFY_INLINE char *strcat(char *p, const char *q) { size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); if (p_size == (size_t)-1) return __underlying_strcat(p, q); if (strlcat(p, q, p_size) >= p_size) fortify_panic(__func__); return p; } __FORTIFY_INLINE __kernel_size_t strlen(const char *p) { __kernel_size_t ret; size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); /* Work around gcc excess stack consumption issue */ if (p_size == (size_t)-1 || (__builtin_constant_p(p[p_size - 1]) && p[p_size - 1] == '\0')) return __underlying_strlen(p); ret = strnlen(p, p_size); if (p_size <= ret) fortify_panic(__func__); return ret; } extern __kernel_size_t __real_strnlen(const char *, __kernel_size_t) __RENAME(strnlen); __FORTIFY_INLINE __kernel_size_t strnlen(const char *p, __kernel_size_t maxlen) { size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); __kernel_size_t ret = __real_strnlen(p, maxlen < p_size ? maxlen : p_size); if (p_size <= ret && maxlen != ret) fortify_panic(__func__); return ret; } /* defined after fortified strlen to reuse it */ extern size_t __real_strlcpy(char *, const char *, size_t) __RENAME(strlcpy); __FORTIFY_INLINE size_t strlcpy(char *p, const char *q, size_t size) { size_t ret; size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); size_t q_size = __builtin_object_size(q, 0); if (p_size == (size_t)-1 && q_size == (size_t)-1) return __real_strlcpy(p, q, size); ret = strlen(q); if (size) { size_t len = (ret >= size) ? size - 1 : ret; if (__builtin_constant_p(len) && len >= p_size) __write_overflow(); if (len >= p_size) fortify_panic(__func__); __underlying_memcpy(p, q, len); p[len] = '\0'; } return ret; } /* defined after fortified strlen and strnlen to reuse them */ __FORTIFY_INLINE char *strncat(char *p, const char *q, __kernel_size_t count) { size_t p_len, copy_len; size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); size_t q_size = __builtin_object_size(q, 0); if (p_size == (size_t)-1 && q_size == (size_t)-1) return __underlying_strncat(p, q, count); p_len = strlen(p); copy_len = strnlen(q, count); if (p_size < p_len + copy_len + 1) fortify_panic(__func__); __underlying_memcpy(p + p_len, q, copy_len); p[p_len + copy_len] = '\0'; return p; } __FORTIFY_INLINE void *memset(void *p, int c, __kernel_size_t size) { size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); if (__builtin_constant_p(size) && p_size < size) __write_overflow(); if (p_size < size) fortify_panic(__func__); return __underlying_memset(p, c, size); } __FORTIFY_INLINE void *memcpy(void *p, const void *q, __kernel_size_t size) { size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); size_t q_size = __builtin_object_size(q, 0); if (__builtin_constant_p(size)) { if (p_size < size) __write_overflow(); if (q_size < size) __read_overflow2(); } if (p_size < size || q_size < size) fortify_panic(__func__); return __underlying_memcpy(p, q, size); } __FORTIFY_INLINE void *memmove(void *p, const void *q, __kernel_size_t size) { size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); size_t q_size = __builtin_object_size(q, 0); if (__builtin_constant_p(size)) { if (p_size < size) __write_overflow(); if (q_size < size) __read_overflow2(); } if (p_size < size || q_size < size) fortify_panic(__func__); return __underlying_memmove(p, q, size); } extern void *__real_memscan(void *, int, __kernel_size_t) __RENAME(memscan); __FORTIFY_INLINE void *memscan(void *p, int c, __kernel_size_t size) { size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); if (__builtin_constant_p(size) && p_size < size) __read_overflow(); if (p_size < size) fortify_panic(__func__); return __real_memscan(p, c, size); } __FORTIFY_INLINE int memcmp(const void *p, const void *q, __kernel_size_t size) { size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); size_t q_size = __builtin_object_size(q, 0); if (__builtin_constant_p(size)) { if (p_size < size) __read_overflow(); if (q_size < size) __read_overflow2(); } if (p_size < size || q_size < size) fortify_panic(__func__); return __underlying_memcmp(p, q, size); } __FORTIFY_INLINE void *memchr(const void *p, int c, __kernel_size_t size) { size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); if (__builtin_constant_p(size) && p_size < size) __read_overflow(); if (p_size < size) fortify_panic(__func__); return __underlying_memchr(p, c, size); } void *__real_memchr_inv(const void *s, int c, size_t n) __RENAME(memchr_inv); __FORTIFY_INLINE void *memchr_inv(const void *p, int c, size_t size) { size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); if (__builtin_constant_p(size) && p_size < size) __read_overflow(); if (p_size < size) fortify_panic(__func__); return __real_memchr_inv(p, c, size); } extern void *__real_kmemdup(const void *src, size_t len, gfp_t gfp) __RENAME(kmemdup); __FORTIFY_INLINE void *kmemdup(const void *p, size_t size, gfp_t gfp) { size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); if (__builtin_constant_p(size) && p_size < size) __read_overflow(); if (p_size < size) fortify_panic(__func__); return __real_kmemdup(p, size, gfp); } /* defined after fortified strlen and memcpy to reuse them */ __FORTIFY_INLINE char *strcpy(char *p, const char *q) { size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); size_t q_size = __builtin_object_size(q, 0); if (p_size == (size_t)-1 && q_size == (size_t)-1) return __underlying_strcpy(p, q); memcpy(p, q, strlen(q) + 1); return p; } /* Don't use these outside the FORITFY_SOURCE implementation */ #undef __underlying_memchr #undef __underlying_memcmp #undef __underlying_memcpy #undef __underlying_memmove #undef __underlying_memset #undef __underlying_strcat #undef __underlying_strcpy #undef __underlying_strlen #undef __underlying_strncat #undef __underlying_strncpy #endif /** * memcpy_and_pad - Copy one buffer to another with padding * @dest: Where to copy to * @dest_len: The destination buffer size * @src: Where to copy from * @count: The number of bytes to copy * @pad: Character to use for padding if space is left in destination. */ static inline void memcpy_and_pad(void *dest, size_t dest_len, const void *src, size_t count, int pad) { if (dest_len > count) { memcpy(dest, src, count); memset(dest + count, pad, dest_len - count); } else memcpy(dest, src, dest_len); } /** * str_has_prefix - Test if a string has a given prefix * @str: The string to test * @prefix: The string to see if @str starts with * * A common way to test a prefix of a string is to do: * strncmp(str, prefix, sizeof(prefix) - 1) * * But this can lead to bugs due to typos, or if prefix is a pointer * and not a constant. Instead use str_has_prefix(). * * Returns: * * strlen(@prefix) if @str starts with @prefix * * 0 if @str does not start with @prefix */ static __always_inline size_t str_has_prefix(const char *str, const char *prefix) { size_t len = strlen(prefix); return strncmp(str, prefix, len) == 0 ? len : 0; } #endif /* _LINUX_STRING_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 /* BlueZ - Bluetooth protocol stack for Linux Copyright (C) 2000-2001 Qualcomm Incorporated Written 2000,2001 by Maxim Krasnyansky <maxk@qualcomm.com> This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation; THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT OF THIRD PARTY RIGHTS. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER(S) AND AUTHOR(S) BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, OR ANY SPECIAL INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE. ALL LIABILITY, INCLUDING LIABILITY FOR INFRINGEMENT OF ANY PATENTS, COPYRIGHTS, TRADEMARKS OR OTHER RIGHTS, RELATING TO USE OF THIS SOFTWARE IS DISCLAIMED. */ #ifndef __BLUETOOTH_H #define __BLUETOOTH_H #include <linux/poll.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #define BT_SUBSYS_VERSION 2 #define BT_SUBSYS_REVISION 22 #ifndef AF_BLUETOOTH #define AF_BLUETOOTH 31 #define PF_BLUETOOTH AF_BLUETOOTH #endif /* Bluetooth versions */ #define BLUETOOTH_VER_1_1 1 #define BLUETOOTH_VER_1_2 2 #define BLUETOOTH_VER_2_0 3 #define BLUETOOTH_VER_2_1 4 #define BLUETOOTH_VER_4_0 6 /* Reserv for core and drivers use */ #define BT_SKB_RESERVE 8 #define BTPROTO_L2CAP 0 #define BTPROTO_HCI 1 #define BTPROTO_SCO 2 #define BTPROTO_RFCOMM 3 #define BTPROTO_BNEP 4 #define BTPROTO_CMTP 5 #define BTPROTO_HIDP 6 #define BTPROTO_AVDTP 7 #define SOL_HCI 0 #define SOL_L2CAP 6 #define SOL_SCO 17 #define SOL_RFCOMM 18 #define BT_SECURITY 4 struct bt_security { __u8 level; __u8 key_size; }; #define BT_SECURITY_SDP 0 #define BT_SECURITY_LOW 1 #define BT_SECURITY_MEDIUM 2 #define BT_SECURITY_HIGH 3 #define BT_SECURITY_FIPS 4 #define BT_DEFER_SETUP 7 #define BT_FLUSHABLE 8 #define BT_FLUSHABLE_OFF 0 #define BT_FLUSHABLE_ON 1 #define BT_POWER 9 struct bt_power { __u8 force_active; }; #define BT_POWER_FORCE_ACTIVE_OFF 0 #define BT_POWER_FORCE_ACTIVE_ON 1 #define BT_CHANNEL_POLICY 10 /* BR/EDR only (default policy) * AMP controllers cannot be used. * Channel move requests from the remote device are denied. * If the L2CAP channel is currently using AMP, move the channel to BR/EDR. */ #define BT_CHANNEL_POLICY_BREDR_ONLY 0 /* BR/EDR Preferred * Allow use of AMP controllers. * If the L2CAP channel is currently on AMP, move it to BR/EDR. * Channel move requests from the remote device are allowed. */ #define BT_CHANNEL_POLICY_BREDR_PREFERRED 1 /* AMP Preferred * Allow use of AMP controllers * If the L2CAP channel is currently on BR/EDR and AMP controller * resources are available, initiate a channel move to AMP. * Channel move requests from the remote device are allowed. * If the L2CAP socket has not been connected yet, try to create * and configure the channel directly on an AMP controller rather * than BR/EDR. */ #define BT_CHANNEL_POLICY_AMP_PREFERRED 2 #define BT_VOICE 11 struct bt_voice { __u16 setting; }; #define BT_VOICE_TRANSPARENT 0x0003 #define BT_VOICE_CVSD_16BIT 0x0060 #define BT_SNDMTU 12 #define BT_RCVMTU 13 #define BT_PHY 14 #define BT_PHY_BR_1M_1SLOT 0x00000001 #define BT_PHY_BR_1M_3SLOT 0x00000002 #define BT_PHY_BR_1M_5SLOT 0x00000004 #define BT_PHY_EDR_2M_1SLOT 0x00000008 #define BT_PHY_EDR_2M_3SLOT 0x00000010 #define BT_PHY_EDR_2M_5SLOT 0x00000020 #define BT_PHY_EDR_3M_1SLOT 0x00000040 #define BT_PHY_EDR_3M_3SLOT 0x00000080 #define BT_PHY_EDR_3M_5SLOT 0x00000100 #define BT_PHY_LE_1M_TX 0x00000200 #define BT_PHY_LE_1M_RX 0x00000400 #define BT_PHY_LE_2M_TX 0x00000800 #define BT_PHY_LE_2M_RX 0x00001000 #define BT_PHY_LE_CODED_TX 0x00002000 #define BT_PHY_LE_CODED_RX 0x00004000 #define BT_MODE 15 #define BT_MODE_BASIC 0x00 #define BT_MODE_ERTM 0x01 #define BT_MODE_STREAMING 0x02 #define BT_MODE_LE_FLOWCTL 0x03 #define BT_MODE_EXT_FLOWCTL 0x04 #define BT_PKT_STATUS 16 #define BT_SCM_PKT_STATUS 0x03 __printf(1, 2) void bt_info(const char *fmt, ...); __printf(1, 2) void bt_warn(const char *fmt, ...); __printf(1, 2) void bt_err(const char *fmt, ...); #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BT_FEATURE_DEBUG) void bt_dbg_set(bool enable); bool bt_dbg_get(void); __printf(1, 2) void bt_dbg(const char *fmt, ...); #endif __printf(1, 2) void bt_warn_ratelimited(const char *fmt, ...); __printf(1, 2) void bt_err_ratelimited(const char *fmt, ...); #define BT_INFO(fmt, ...) bt_info(fmt "\n", ##__VA_ARGS__) #define BT_WARN(fmt, ...) bt_warn(fmt "\n", ##__VA_ARGS__) #define BT_ERR(fmt, ...) bt_err(fmt "\n", ##__VA_ARGS__) #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BT_FEATURE_DEBUG) #define BT_DBG(fmt, ...) bt_dbg(fmt "\n", ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define BT_DBG(fmt, ...) pr_debug(fmt "\n", ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif #define bt_dev_info(hdev, fmt, ...) \ BT_INFO("%s: " fmt, (hdev)->name, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define bt_dev_warn(hdev, fmt, ...) \ BT_WARN("%s: " fmt, (hdev)->name, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define bt_dev_err(hdev, fmt, ...) \ BT_ERR("%s: " fmt, (hdev)->name, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define bt_dev_dbg(hdev, fmt, ...) \ BT_DBG("%s: " fmt, (hdev)->name, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define bt_dev_warn_ratelimited(hdev, fmt, ...) \ bt_warn_ratelimited("%s: " fmt, (hdev)->name, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define bt_dev_err_ratelimited(hdev, fmt, ...) \ bt_err_ratelimited("%s: " fmt, (hdev)->name, ##__VA_ARGS__) /* Connection and socket states */ enum { BT_CONNECTED = 1, /* Equal to TCP_ESTABLISHED to make net code happy */ BT_OPEN, BT_BOUND, BT_LISTEN, BT_CONNECT, BT_CONNECT2, BT_CONFIG, BT_DISCONN, BT_CLOSED }; /* If unused will be removed by compiler */ static inline const char *state_to_string(int state) { switch (state) { case BT_CONNECTED: return "BT_CONNECTED"; case BT_OPEN: return "BT_OPEN"; case BT_BOUND: return "BT_BOUND"; case BT_LISTEN: return "BT_LISTEN"; case BT_CONNECT: return "BT_CONNECT"; case BT_CONNECT2: return "BT_CONNECT2"; case BT_CONFIG: return "BT_CONFIG"; case BT_DISCONN: return "BT_DISCONN"; case BT_CLOSED: return "BT_CLOSED"; } return "invalid state"; } /* BD Address */ typedef struct { __u8 b[6]; } __packed bdaddr_t; /* BD Address type */ #define BDADDR_BREDR 0x00 #define BDADDR_LE_PUBLIC 0x01 #define BDADDR_LE_RANDOM 0x02 static inline bool bdaddr_type_is_valid(u8 type) { switch (type) { case BDADDR_BREDR: case BDADDR_LE_PUBLIC: case BDADDR_LE_RANDOM: return true; } return false; } static inline bool bdaddr_type_is_le(u8 type) { switch (type) { case BDADDR_LE_PUBLIC: case BDADDR_LE_RANDOM: return true; } return false; } #define BDADDR_ANY (&(bdaddr_t) {{0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0}}) #define BDADDR_NONE (&(bdaddr_t) {{0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff}}) /* Copy, swap, convert BD Address */ static inline int bacmp(const bdaddr_t *ba1, const bdaddr_t *ba2) { return memcmp(ba1, ba2, sizeof(bdaddr_t)); } static inline void bacpy(bdaddr_t *dst, const bdaddr_t *src) { memcpy(dst, src, sizeof(bdaddr_t)); } void baswap(bdaddr_t *dst, const bdaddr_t *src); /* Common socket structures and functions */ #define bt_sk(__sk) ((struct bt_sock *) __sk) struct bt_sock { struct sock sk; struct list_head accept_q; struct sock *parent; unsigned long flags; void (*skb_msg_name)(struct sk_buff *, void *, int *); void (*skb_put_cmsg)(struct sk_buff *, struct msghdr *, struct sock *); }; enum { BT_SK_DEFER_SETUP, BT_SK_SUSPEND, }; struct bt_sock_list { struct hlist_head head; rwlock_t lock; #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS int (* custom_seq_show)(struct seq_file *, void *); #endif }; int bt_sock_register(int proto, const struct net_proto_family *ops); void bt_sock_unregister(int proto); void bt_sock_link(struct bt_sock_list *l, struct sock *s); void bt_sock_unlink(struct bt_sock_list *l, struct sock *s); int bt_sock_recvmsg(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, size_t len, int flags); int bt_sock_stream_recvmsg(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, size_t len, int flags); __poll_t bt_sock_poll(struct file *file, struct socket *sock, poll_table *wait); int bt_sock_ioctl(struct socket *sock, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); int bt_sock_wait_state(struct sock *sk, int state, unsigned long timeo); int bt_sock_wait_ready(struct sock *sk, unsigned long flags); void bt_accept_enqueue(struct sock *parent, struct sock *sk, bool bh); void bt_accept_unlink(struct sock *sk); struct sock *bt_accept_dequeue(struct sock *parent, struct socket *newsock); /* Skb helpers */ struct l2cap_ctrl { u8 sframe:1, poll:1, final:1, fcs:1, sar:2, super:2; u16 reqseq; u16 txseq; u8 retries; __le16 psm; bdaddr_t bdaddr; struct l2cap_chan *chan; }; struct sco_ctrl { u8 pkt_status; }; struct hci_dev; typedef void (*hci_req_complete_t)(struct hci_dev *hdev, u8 status, u16 opcode); typedef void (*hci_req_complete_skb_t)(struct hci_dev *hdev, u8 status, u16 opcode, struct sk_buff *skb); #define HCI_REQ_START BIT(0) #define HCI_REQ_SKB BIT(1) struct hci_ctrl { u16 opcode; u8 req_flags; u8 req_event; union { hci_req_complete_t req_complete; hci_req_complete_skb_t req_complete_skb; }; }; struct bt_skb_cb { u8 pkt_type; u8 force_active; u16 expect; u8 incoming:1; union { struct l2cap_ctrl l2cap; struct sco_ctrl sco; struct hci_ctrl hci; }; }; #define bt_cb(skb) ((struct bt_skb_cb *)((skb)->cb)) #define hci_skb_pkt_type(skb) bt_cb((skb))->pkt_type #define hci_skb_expect(skb) bt_cb((skb))->expect #define hci_skb_opcode(skb) bt_cb((skb))->hci.opcode static inline struct sk_buff *bt_skb_alloc(unsigned int len, gfp_t how) { struct sk_buff *skb; skb = alloc_skb(len + BT_SKB_RESERVE, how); if (skb) skb_reserve(skb, BT_SKB_RESERVE); return skb; } static inline struct sk_buff *bt_skb_send_alloc(struct sock *sk, unsigned long len, int nb, int *err) { struct sk_buff *skb; skb = sock_alloc_send_skb(sk, len + BT_SKB_RESERVE, nb, err); if (skb) skb_reserve(skb, BT_SKB_RESERVE); if (!skb && *err) return NULL; *err = sock_error(sk); if (*err) goto out; if (sk->sk_shutdown) { *err = -ECONNRESET; goto out; } return skb; out: kfree_skb(skb); return NULL; } int bt_to_errno(u16 code); void hci_sock_set_flag(struct sock *sk, int nr); void hci_sock_clear_flag(struct sock *sk, int nr); int hci_sock_test_flag(struct sock *sk, int nr); unsigned short hci_sock_get_channel(struct sock *sk); u32 hci_sock_get_cookie(struct sock *sk); int hci_sock_init(void); void hci_sock_cleanup(void); int bt_sysfs_init(void); void bt_sysfs_cleanup(void); int bt_procfs_init(struct net *net, const char *name, struct bt_sock_list *sk_list, int (*seq_show)(struct seq_file *, void *)); void bt_procfs_cleanup(struct net *net, const char *name); extern struct dentry *bt_debugfs; int l2cap_init(void); void l2cap_exit(void); #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BT_BREDR) int sco_init(void); void sco_exit(void); #else static inline int sco_init(void) { return 0; } static inline void sco_exit(void) { } #endif int mgmt_init(void); void mgmt_exit(void); void bt_sock_reclassify_lock(struct sock *sk, int proto); #endif /* __BLUETOOTH_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+ */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM rseq #if !defined(_TRACE_RSEQ_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_RSEQ_H #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <linux/types.h> TRACE_EVENT(rseq_update, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *t), TP_ARGS(t), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(s32, cpu_id) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->cpu_id = raw_smp_processor_id(); ), TP_printk("cpu_id=%d", __entry->cpu_id) ); TRACE_EVENT(rseq_ip_fixup, TP_PROTO(unsigned long regs_ip, unsigned long start_ip, unsigned long post_commit_offset, unsigned long abort_ip), TP_ARGS(regs_ip, start_ip, post_commit_offset, abort_ip), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned long, regs_ip) __field(unsigned long, start_ip) __field(unsigned long, post_commit_offset) __field(unsigned long, abort_ip) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->regs_ip = regs_ip; __entry->start_ip = start_ip; __entry->post_commit_offset = post_commit_offset; __entry->abort_ip = abort_ip; ), TP_printk("regs_ip=0x%lx start_ip=0x%lx post_commit_offset=%lu abort_ip=0x%lx", __entry->regs_ip, __entry->start_ip, __entry->post_commit_offset, __entry->abort_ip) ); #endif /* _TRACE_SOCK_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM random #if !defined(_TRACE_RANDOM_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_RANDOM_H #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> TRACE_EVENT(add_device_randomness, TP_PROTO(int bytes, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(bytes, IP), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, bytes ) __field(unsigned long, IP ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->bytes = bytes; __entry->IP = IP; ), TP_printk("bytes %d caller %pS", __entry->bytes, (void *)__entry->IP) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(random__mix_pool_bytes, TP_PROTO(const char *pool_name, int bytes, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(pool_name, bytes, IP), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( const char *, pool_name ) __field( int, bytes ) __field(unsigned long, IP ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pool_name = pool_name; __entry->bytes = bytes; __entry->IP = IP; ), TP_printk("%s pool: bytes %d caller %pS", __entry->pool_name, __entry->bytes, (void *)__entry->IP) ); DEFINE_EVENT(random__mix_pool_bytes, mix_pool_bytes, TP_PROTO(const char *pool_name, int bytes, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(pool_name, bytes, IP) ); DEFINE_EVENT(random__mix_pool_bytes, mix_pool_bytes_nolock, TP_PROTO(const char *pool_name, int bytes, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(pool_name, bytes, IP) ); TRACE_EVENT(credit_entropy_bits, TP_PROTO(const char *pool_name, int bits, int entropy_count, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(pool_name, bits, entropy_count, IP), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( const char *, pool_name ) __field( int, bits ) __field( int, entropy_count ) __field(unsigned long, IP ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pool_name = pool_name; __entry->bits = bits; __entry->entropy_count = entropy_count; __entry->IP = IP; ), TP_printk("%s pool: bits %d entropy_count %d caller %pS", __entry->pool_name, __entry->bits, __entry->entropy_count, (void *)__entry->IP) ); TRACE_EVENT(push_to_pool, TP_PROTO(const char *pool_name, int pool_bits, int input_bits), TP_ARGS(pool_name, pool_bits, input_bits), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( const char *, pool_name ) __field( int, pool_bits ) __field( int, input_bits ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pool_name = pool_name; __entry->pool_bits = pool_bits; __entry->input_bits = input_bits; ), TP_printk("%s: pool_bits %d input_pool_bits %d", __entry->pool_name, __entry->pool_bits, __entry->input_bits) ); TRACE_EVENT(debit_entropy, TP_PROTO(const char *pool_name, int debit_bits), TP_ARGS(pool_name, debit_bits), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( const char *, pool_name ) __field( int, debit_bits ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pool_name = pool_name; __entry->debit_bits = debit_bits; ), TP_printk("%s: debit_bits %d", __entry->pool_name, __entry->debit_bits) ); TRACE_EVENT(add_input_randomness, TP_PROTO(int input_bits), TP_ARGS(input_bits), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, input_bits ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->input_bits = input_bits; ), TP_printk("input_pool_bits %d", __entry->input_bits) ); TRACE_EVENT(add_disk_randomness, TP_PROTO(dev_t dev, int input_bits), TP_ARGS(dev, input_bits), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( int, input_bits ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = dev; __entry->input_bits = input_bits; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d input_pool_bits %d", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->input_bits) ); TRACE_EVENT(xfer_secondary_pool, TP_PROTO(const char *pool_name, int xfer_bits, int request_bits, int pool_entropy, int input_entropy), TP_ARGS(pool_name, xfer_bits, request_bits, pool_entropy, input_entropy), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( const char *, pool_name ) __field( int, xfer_bits ) __field( int, request_bits ) __field( int, pool_entropy ) __field( int, input_entropy ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pool_name = pool_name; __entry->xfer_bits = xfer_bits; __entry->request_bits = request_bits; __entry->pool_entropy = pool_entropy; __entry->input_entropy = input_entropy; ), TP_printk("pool %s xfer_bits %d request_bits %d pool_entropy %d " "input_entropy %d", __entry->pool_name, __entry->xfer_bits, __entry->request_bits, __entry->pool_entropy, __entry->input_entropy) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(random__get_random_bytes, TP_PROTO(int nbytes, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(nbytes, IP), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, nbytes ) __field(unsigned long, IP ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nbytes = nbytes; __entry->IP = IP; ), TP_printk("nbytes %d caller %pS", __entry->nbytes, (void *)__entry->IP) ); DEFINE_EVENT(random__get_random_bytes, get_random_bytes, TP_PROTO(int nbytes, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(nbytes, IP) ); DEFINE_EVENT(random__get_random_bytes, get_random_bytes_arch, TP_PROTO(int nbytes, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(nbytes, IP) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(random__extract_entropy, TP_PROTO(const char *pool_name, int nbytes, int entropy_count, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(pool_name, nbytes, entropy_count, IP), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( const char *, pool_name ) __field( int, nbytes ) __field( int, entropy_count ) __field(unsigned long, IP ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pool_name = pool_name; __entry->nbytes = nbytes; __entry->entropy_count = entropy_count; __entry->IP = IP; ), TP_printk("%s pool: nbytes %d entropy_count %d caller %pS", __entry->pool_name, __entry->nbytes, __entry->entropy_count, (void *)__entry->IP) ); DEFINE_EVENT(random__extract_entropy, extract_entropy, TP_PROTO(const char *pool_name, int nbytes, int entropy_count, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(pool_name, nbytes, entropy_count, IP) ); DEFINE_EVENT(random__extract_entropy, extract_entropy_user, TP_PROTO(const char *pool_name, int nbytes, int entropy_count, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(pool_name, nbytes, entropy_count, IP) ); TRACE_EVENT(random_read, TP_PROTO(int got_bits, int need_bits, int pool_left, int input_left), TP_ARGS(got_bits, need_bits, pool_left, input_left), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, got_bits ) __field( int, need_bits ) __field( int, pool_left ) __field( int, input_left ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->got_bits = got_bits; __entry->need_bits = need_bits; __entry->pool_left = pool_left; __entry->input_left = input_left; ), TP_printk("got_bits %d still_needed_bits %d " "blocking_pool_entropy_left %d input_entropy_left %d", __entry->got_bits, __entry->got_bits, __entry->pool_left, __entry->input_left) ); TRACE_EVENT(urandom_read, TP_PROTO(int got_bits, int pool_left, int input_left), TP_ARGS(got_bits, pool_left, input_left), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, got_bits ) __field( int, pool_left ) __field( int, input_left ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->got_bits = got_bits; __entry->pool_left = pool_left; __entry->input_left = input_left; ), TP_printk("got_bits %d nonblocking_pool_entropy_left %d " "input_entropy_left %d", __entry->got_bits, __entry->pool_left, __entry->input_left) ); TRACE_EVENT(prandom_u32, TP_PROTO(unsigned int ret), TP_ARGS(ret), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned int, ret) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ret = ret; ), TP_printk("ret=%u" , __entry->ret) ); #endif /* _TRACE_RANDOM_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _NF_CONNTRACK_EXTEND_H #define _NF_CONNTRACK_EXTEND_H #include <linux/slab.h> #include <net/netfilter/nf_conntrack.h> enum nf_ct_ext_id { NF_CT_EXT_HELPER, #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_NAT) NF_CT_EXT_NAT, #endif NF_CT_EXT_SEQADJ, NF_CT_EXT_ACCT, #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_EVENTS NF_CT_EXT_ECACHE, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_TIMESTAMP NF_CT_EXT_TSTAMP, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_TIMEOUT NF_CT_EXT_TIMEOUT, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_LABELS NF_CT_EXT_LABELS, #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NETFILTER_SYNPROXY) NF_CT_EXT_SYNPROXY, #endif NF_CT_EXT_NUM, }; #define NF_CT_EXT_HELPER_TYPE struct nf_conn_help #define NF_CT_EXT_NAT_TYPE struct nf_conn_nat #define NF_CT_EXT_SEQADJ_TYPE struct nf_conn_seqadj #define NF_CT_EXT_ACCT_TYPE struct nf_conn_acct #define NF_CT_EXT_ECACHE_TYPE struct nf_conntrack_ecache #define NF_CT_EXT_TSTAMP_TYPE struct nf_conn_tstamp #define NF_CT_EXT_TIMEOUT_TYPE struct nf_conn_timeout #define NF_CT_EXT_LABELS_TYPE struct nf_conn_labels #define NF_CT_EXT_SYNPROXY_TYPE struct nf_conn_synproxy /* Extensions: optional stuff which isn't permanently in struct. */ struct nf_ct_ext { u8 offset[NF_CT_EXT_NUM]; u8 len; char data[]; }; static inline bool __nf_ct_ext_exist(const struct nf_ct_ext *ext, u8 id) { return !!ext->offset[id]; } static inline bool nf_ct_ext_exist(const struct nf_conn *ct, u8 id) { return (ct->ext && __nf_ct_ext_exist(ct->ext, id)); } static inline void *__nf_ct_ext_find(const struct nf_conn *ct, u8 id) { if (!nf_ct_ext_exist(ct, id)) return NULL; return (void *)ct->ext + ct->ext->offset[id]; } #define nf_ct_ext_find(ext, id) \ ((id##_TYPE *)__nf_ct_ext_find((ext), (id))) /* Destroy all relationships */ void nf_ct_ext_destroy(struct nf_conn *ct); /* Add this type, returns pointer to data or NULL. */ void *nf_ct_ext_add(struct nf_conn *ct, enum nf_ct_ext_id id, gfp_t gfp); struct nf_ct_ext_type { /* Destroys relationships (can be NULL). */ void (*destroy)(struct nf_conn *ct); enum nf_ct_ext_id id; /* Length and min alignment. */ u8 len; u8 align; }; int nf_ct_extend_register(const struct nf_ct_ext_type *type); void nf_ct_extend_unregister(const struct nf_ct_ext_type *type); #endif /* _NF_CONNTRACK_EXTEND_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _SOCK_REUSEPORT_H #define _SOCK_REUSEPORT_H #include <linux/filter.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <net/sock.h> extern spinlock_t reuseport_lock; struct sock_reuseport { struct rcu_head rcu; u16 max_socks; /* length of socks */ u16 num_socks; /* elements in socks */ /* The last synq overflow event timestamp of this * reuse->socks[] group. */ unsigned int synq_overflow_ts; /* ID stays the same even after the size of socks[] grows. */ unsigned int reuseport_id; unsigned int bind_inany:1; unsigned int has_conns:1; struct bpf_prog __rcu *prog; /* optional BPF sock selector */ struct sock *socks[]; /* array of sock pointers */ }; extern int reuseport_alloc(struct sock *sk, bool bind_inany); extern int reuseport_add_sock(struct sock *sk, struct sock *sk2, bool bind_inany); extern void reuseport_detach_sock(struct sock *sk); extern struct sock *reuseport_select_sock(struct sock *sk, u32 hash, struct sk_buff *skb, int hdr_len); extern int reuseport_attach_prog(struct sock *sk, struct bpf_prog *prog); extern int reuseport_detach_prog(struct sock *sk); static inline bool reuseport_has_conns(struct sock *sk, bool set) { struct sock_reuseport *reuse; bool ret = false; rcu_read_lock(); reuse = rcu_dereference(sk->sk_reuseport_cb); if (reuse) { if (set) reuse->has_conns = 1; ret = reuse->has_conns; } rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } #endif /* _SOCK_REUSEPORT_H */
1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949 950 951 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960 961 962 963 964 965 966 967 968 969 970 971 972 973 974 975 976 977 978 979 980 981 982 983 984 985 986 987 988 989 990 991 992 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+ */ /* * Read-Copy Update mechanism for mutual exclusion * * Copyright IBM Corporation, 2001 * * Author: Dipankar Sarma <dipankar@in.ibm.com> * * Based on the original work by Paul McKenney <paulmck@vnet.ibm.com> * and inputs from Rusty Russell, Andrea Arcangeli and Andi Kleen. * Papers: * http://www.rdrop.com/users/paulmck/paper/rclockpdcsproof.pdf * http://lse.sourceforge.net/locking/rclock_OLS.2001.05.01c.sc.pdf (OLS2001) * * For detailed explanation of Read-Copy Update mechanism see - * http://lse.sourceforge.net/locking/rcupdate.html * */ #ifndef __LINUX_RCUPDATE_H #define __LINUX_RCUPDATE_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/irqflags.h> #include <linux/preempt.h> #include <linux/bottom_half.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <asm/processor.h> #include <linux/cpumask.h> #define ULONG_CMP_GE(a, b) (ULONG_MAX / 2 >= (a) - (b)) #define ULONG_CMP_LT(a, b) (ULONG_MAX / 2 < (a) - (b)) #define ulong2long(a) (*(long *)(&(a))) #define USHORT_CMP_GE(a, b) (USHRT_MAX / 2 >= (unsigned short)((a) - (b))) #define USHORT_CMP_LT(a, b) (USHRT_MAX / 2 < (unsigned short)((a) - (b))) /* Exported common interfaces */ void call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head, rcu_callback_t func); void rcu_barrier_tasks(void); void rcu_barrier_tasks_rude(void); void synchronize_rcu(void); #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU void __rcu_read_lock(void); void __rcu_read_unlock(void); /* * Defined as a macro as it is a very low level header included from * areas that don't even know about current. This gives the rcu_read_lock() * nesting depth, but makes sense only if CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU -- in other * types of kernel builds, the rcu_read_lock() nesting depth is unknowable. */ #define rcu_preempt_depth() (current->rcu_read_lock_nesting) #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU */ #ifdef CONFIG_TINY_RCU #define rcu_read_unlock_strict() do { } while (0) #else void rcu_read_unlock_strict(void); #endif static inline void __rcu_read_lock(void) { preempt_disable(); } static inline void __rcu_read_unlock(void) { preempt_enable(); rcu_read_unlock_strict(); } static inline int rcu_preempt_depth(void) { return 0; } #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU */ /* Internal to kernel */ void rcu_init(void); extern int rcu_scheduler_active __read_mostly; void rcu_sched_clock_irq(int user); void rcu_report_dead(unsigned int cpu); void rcutree_migrate_callbacks(int cpu); #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU_GENERIC void rcu_init_tasks_generic(void); #else static inline void rcu_init_tasks_generic(void) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_STALL_COMMON void rcu_sysrq_start(void); void rcu_sysrq_end(void); #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_STALL_COMMON */ static inline void rcu_sysrq_start(void) { } static inline void rcu_sysrq_end(void) { } #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_STALL_COMMON */ #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL void rcu_user_enter(void); void rcu_user_exit(void); #else static inline void rcu_user_enter(void) { } static inline void rcu_user_exit(void) { } #endif /* CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL */ #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU void rcu_init_nohz(void); void rcu_nocb_flush_deferred_wakeup(void); #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU */ static inline void rcu_init_nohz(void) { } static inline void rcu_nocb_flush_deferred_wakeup(void) { } #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU */ /** * RCU_NONIDLE - Indicate idle-loop code that needs RCU readers * @a: Code that RCU needs to pay attention to. * * RCU read-side critical sections are forbidden in the inner idle loop, * that is, between the rcu_idle_enter() and the rcu_idle_exit() -- RCU * will happily ignore any such read-side critical sections. However, * things like powertop need tracepoints in the inner idle loop. * * This macro provides the way out: RCU_NONIDLE(do_something_with_RCU()) * will tell RCU that it needs to pay attention, invoke its argument * (in this example, calling the do_something_with_RCU() function), * and then tell RCU to go back to ignoring this CPU. It is permissible * to nest RCU_NONIDLE() wrappers, but not indefinitely (but the limit is * on the order of a million or so, even on 32-bit systems). It is * not legal to block within RCU_NONIDLE(), nor is it permissible to * transfer control either into or out of RCU_NONIDLE()'s statement. */ #define RCU_NONIDLE(a) \ do { \ rcu_irq_enter_irqson(); \ do { a; } while (0); \ rcu_irq_exit_irqson(); \ } while (0) /* * Note a quasi-voluntary context switch for RCU-tasks's benefit. * This is a macro rather than an inline function to avoid #include hell. */ #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU_GENERIC # ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU # define rcu_tasks_classic_qs(t, preempt) \ do { \ if (!(preempt) && READ_ONCE((t)->rcu_tasks_holdout)) \ WRITE_ONCE((t)->rcu_tasks_holdout, false); \ } while (0) void call_rcu_tasks(struct rcu_head *head, rcu_callback_t func); void synchronize_rcu_tasks(void); # else # define rcu_tasks_classic_qs(t, preempt) do { } while (0) # define call_rcu_tasks call_rcu # define synchronize_rcu_tasks synchronize_rcu # endif # ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_TRACE_RCU # define rcu_tasks_trace_qs(t) \ do { \ if (!likely(READ_ONCE((t)->trc_reader_checked)) && \ !unlikely(READ_ONCE((t)->trc_reader_nesting))) { \ smp_store_release(&(t)->trc_reader_checked, true); \ smp_mb(); /* Readers partitioned by store. */ \ } \ } while (0) # else # define rcu_tasks_trace_qs(t) do { } while (0) # endif #define rcu_tasks_qs(t, preempt) \ do { \ rcu_tasks_classic_qs((t), (preempt)); \ rcu_tasks_trace_qs((t)); \ } while (0) # ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RUDE_RCU void call_rcu_tasks_rude(struct rcu_head *head, rcu_callback_t func); void synchronize_rcu_tasks_rude(void); # endif #define rcu_note_voluntary_context_switch(t) rcu_tasks_qs(t, false) void exit_tasks_rcu_start(void); void exit_tasks_rcu_finish(void); #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU_GENERIC */ #define rcu_tasks_qs(t, preempt) do { } while (0) #define rcu_note_voluntary_context_switch(t) do { } while (0) #define call_rcu_tasks call_rcu #define synchronize_rcu_tasks synchronize_rcu static inline void exit_tasks_rcu_start(void) { } static inline void exit_tasks_rcu_finish(void) { } #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU_GENERIC */ /** * cond_resched_tasks_rcu_qs - Report potential quiescent states to RCU * * This macro resembles cond_resched(), except that it is defined to * report potential quiescent states to RCU-tasks even if the cond_resched() * machinery were to be shut off, as some advocate for PREEMPTION kernels. */ #define cond_resched_tasks_rcu_qs() \ do { \ rcu_tasks_qs(current, false); \ cond_resched(); \ } while (0) /* * Infrastructure to implement the synchronize_() primitives in * TREE_RCU and rcu_barrier_() primitives in TINY_RCU. */ #if defined(CONFIG_TREE_RCU) #include <linux/rcutree.h> #elif defined(CONFIG_TINY_RCU) #include <linux/rcutiny.h> #else #error "Unknown RCU implementation specified to kernel configuration" #endif /* * The init_rcu_head_on_stack() and destroy_rcu_head_on_stack() calls * are needed for dynamic initialization and destruction of rcu_head * on the stack, and init_rcu_head()/destroy_rcu_head() are needed for * dynamic initialization and destruction of statically allocated rcu_head * structures. However, rcu_head structures allocated dynamically in the * heap don't need any initialization. */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_RCU_HEAD void init_rcu_head(struct rcu_head *head); void destroy_rcu_head(struct rcu_head *head); void init_rcu_head_on_stack(struct rcu_head *head); void destroy_rcu_head_on_stack(struct rcu_head *head); #else /* !CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_RCU_HEAD */ static inline void init_rcu_head(struct rcu_head *head) { } static inline void destroy_rcu_head(struct rcu_head *head) { } static inline void init_rcu_head_on_stack(struct rcu_head *head) { } static inline void destroy_rcu_head_on_stack(struct rcu_head *head) { } #endif /* #else !CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_RCU_HEAD */ #if defined(CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU) && defined(CONFIG_PROVE_RCU) bool rcu_lockdep_current_cpu_online(void); #else /* #if defined(CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU) && defined(CONFIG_PROVE_RCU) */ static inline bool rcu_lockdep_current_cpu_online(void) { return true; } #endif /* #else #if defined(CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU) && defined(CONFIG_PROVE_RCU) */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC static inline void rcu_lock_acquire(struct lockdep_map *map) { lock_acquire(map, 0, 0, 2, 0, NULL, _THIS_IP_); } static inline void rcu_lock_release(struct lockdep_map *map) { lock_release(map, _THIS_IP_); } extern struct lockdep_map rcu_lock_map; extern struct lockdep_map rcu_bh_lock_map; extern struct lockdep_map rcu_sched_lock_map; extern struct lockdep_map rcu_callback_map; int debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled(void); int rcu_read_lock_held(void); int rcu_read_lock_bh_held(void); int rcu_read_lock_sched_held(void); int rcu_read_lock_any_held(void); #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC */ # define rcu_lock_acquire(a) do { } while (0) # define rcu_lock_release(a) do { } while (0) static inline int rcu_read_lock_held(void) { return 1; } static inline int rcu_read_lock_bh_held(void) { return 1; } static inline int rcu_read_lock_sched_held(void) { return !preemptible(); } static inline int rcu_read_lock_any_held(void) { return !preemptible(); } #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC */ #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU /** * RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN - emit lockdep splat if specified condition is met * @c: condition to check * @s: informative message */ #define RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(c, s) \ do { \ static bool __section(".data.unlikely") __warned; \ if ((c) && debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled() && !__warned) { \ __warned = true; \ lockdep_rcu_suspicious(__FILE__, __LINE__, s); \ } \ } while (0) #if defined(CONFIG_PROVE_RCU) && !defined(CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU) static inline void rcu_preempt_sleep_check(void) { RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(lock_is_held(&rcu_lock_map), "Illegal context switch in RCU read-side critical section"); } #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU */ static inline void rcu_preempt_sleep_check(void) { } #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU */ #define rcu_sleep_check() \ do { \ rcu_preempt_sleep_check(); \ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(lock_is_held(&rcu_bh_lock_map), \ "Illegal context switch in RCU-bh read-side critical section"); \ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(lock_is_held(&rcu_sched_lock_map), \ "Illegal context switch in RCU-sched read-side critical section"); \ } while (0) #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU */ #define RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(c, s) do { } while (0) #define rcu_sleep_check() do { } while (0) #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU */ /* * Helper functions for rcu_dereference_check(), rcu_dereference_protected() * and rcu_assign_pointer(). Some of these could be folded into their * callers, but they are left separate in order to ease introduction of * multiple pointers markings to match different RCU implementations * (e.g., __srcu), should this make sense in the future. */ #ifdef __CHECKER__ #define rcu_check_sparse(p, space) \ ((void)(((typeof(*p) space *)p) == p)) #else /* #ifdef __CHECKER__ */ #define rcu_check_sparse(p, space) #endif /* #else #ifdef __CHECKER__ */ #define __rcu_access_pointer(p, space) \ ({ \ typeof(*p) *_________p1 = (typeof(*p) *__force)READ_ONCE(p); \ rcu_check_sparse(p, space); \ ((typeof(*p) __force __kernel *)(_________p1)); \ }) #define __rcu_dereference_check(p, c, space) \ ({ \ /* Dependency order vs. p above. */ \ typeof(*p) *________p1 = (typeof(*p) *__force)READ_ONCE(p); \ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!(c), "suspicious rcu_dereference_check() usage"); \ rcu_check_sparse(p, space); \ ((typeof(*p) __force __kernel *)(________p1)); \ }) #define __rcu_dereference_protected(p, c, space) \ ({ \ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!(c), "suspicious rcu_dereference_protected() usage"); \ rcu_check_sparse(p, space); \ ((typeof(*p) __force __kernel *)(p)); \ }) #define rcu_dereference_raw(p) \ ({ \ /* Dependency order vs. p above. */ \ typeof(p) ________p1 = READ_ONCE(p); \ ((typeof(*p) __force __kernel *)(________p1)); \ }) /** * RCU_INITIALIZER() - statically initialize an RCU-protected global variable * @v: The value to statically initialize with. */ #define RCU_INITIALIZER(v) (typeof(*(v)) __force __rcu *)(v) /** * rcu_assign_pointer() - assign to RCU-protected pointer * @p: pointer to assign to * @v: value to assign (publish) * * Assigns the specified value to the specified RCU-protected * pointer, ensuring that any concurrent RCU readers will see * any prior initialization. * * Inserts memory barriers on architectures that require them * (which is most of them), and also prevents the compiler from * reordering the code that initializes the structure after the pointer * assignment. More importantly, this call documents which pointers * will be dereferenced by RCU read-side code. * * In some special cases, you may use RCU_INIT_POINTER() instead * of rcu_assign_pointer(). RCU_INIT_POINTER() is a bit faster due * to the fact that it does not constrain either the CPU or the compiler. * That said, using RCU_INIT_POINTER() when you should have used * rcu_assign_pointer() is a very bad thing that results in * impossible-to-diagnose memory corruption. So please be careful. * See the RCU_INIT_POINTER() comment header for details. * * Note that rcu_assign_pointer() evaluates each of its arguments only * once, appearances notwithstanding. One of the "extra" evaluations * is in typeof() and the other visible only to sparse (__CHECKER__), * neither of which actually execute the argument. As with most cpp * macros, this execute-arguments-only-once property is important, so * please be careful when making changes to rcu_assign_pointer() and the * other macros that it invokes. */ #define rcu_assign_pointer(p, v) \ do { \ uintptr_t _r_a_p__v = (uintptr_t)(v); \ rcu_check_sparse(p, __rcu); \ \ if (__builtin_constant_p(v) && (_r_a_p__v) == (uintptr_t)NULL) \ WRITE_ONCE((p), (typeof(p))(_r_a_p__v)); \ else \ smp_store_release(&p, RCU_INITIALIZER((typeof(p))_r_a_p__v)); \ } while (0) /** * rcu_replace_pointer() - replace an RCU pointer, returning its old value * @rcu_ptr: RCU pointer, whose old value is returned * @ptr: regular pointer * @c: the lockdep conditions under which the dereference will take place * * Perform a replacement, where @rcu_ptr is an RCU-annotated * pointer and @c is the lockdep argument that is passed to the * rcu_dereference_protected() call used to read that pointer. The old * value of @rcu_ptr is returned, and @rcu_ptr is set to @ptr. */ #define rcu_replace_pointer(rcu_ptr, ptr, c) \ ({ \ typeof(ptr) __tmp = rcu_dereference_protected((rcu_ptr), (c)); \ rcu_assign_pointer((rcu_ptr), (ptr)); \ __tmp; \ }) /** * rcu_access_pointer() - fetch RCU pointer with no dereferencing * @p: The pointer to read * * Return the value of the specified RCU-protected pointer, but omit the * lockdep checks for being in an RCU read-side critical section. This is * useful when the value of this pointer is accessed, but the pointer is * not dereferenced, for example, when testing an RCU-protected pointer * against NULL. Although rcu_access_pointer() may also be used in cases * where update-side locks prevent the value of the pointer from changing, * you should instead use rcu_dereference_protected() for this use case. * * It is also permissible to use rcu_access_pointer() when read-side * access to the pointer was removed at least one grace period ago, as * is the case in the context of the RCU callback that is freeing up * the data, or after a synchronize_rcu() returns. This can be useful * when tearing down multi-linked structures after a grace period * has elapsed. */ #define rcu_access_pointer(p) __rcu_access_pointer((p), __rcu) /** * rcu_dereference_check() - rcu_dereference with debug checking * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * @c: The conditions under which the dereference will take place * * Do an rcu_dereference(), but check that the conditions under which the * dereference will take place are correct. Typically the conditions * indicate the various locking conditions that should be held at that * point. The check should return true if the conditions are satisfied. * An implicit check for being in an RCU read-side critical section * (rcu_read_lock()) is included. * * For example: * * bar = rcu_dereference_check(foo->bar, lockdep_is_held(&foo->lock)); * * could be used to indicate to lockdep that foo->bar may only be dereferenced * if either rcu_read_lock() is held, or that the lock required to replace * the bar struct at foo->bar is held. * * Note that the list of conditions may also include indications of when a lock * need not be held, for example during initialisation or destruction of the * target struct: * * bar = rcu_dereference_check(foo->bar, lockdep_is_held(&foo->lock) || * atomic_read(&foo->usage) == 0); * * Inserts memory barriers on architectures that require them * (currently only the Alpha), prevents the compiler from refetching * (and from merging fetches), and, more importantly, documents exactly * which pointers are protected by RCU and checks that the pointer is * annotated as __rcu. */ #define rcu_dereference_check(p, c) \ __rcu_dereference_check((p), (c) || rcu_read_lock_held(), __rcu) /** * rcu_dereference_bh_check() - rcu_dereference_bh with debug checking * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * @c: The conditions under which the dereference will take place * * This is the RCU-bh counterpart to rcu_dereference_check(). */ #define rcu_dereference_bh_check(p, c) \ __rcu_dereference_check((p), (c) || rcu_read_lock_bh_held(), __rcu) /** * rcu_dereference_sched_check() - rcu_dereference_sched with debug checking * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * @c: The conditions under which the dereference will take place * * This is the RCU-sched counterpart to rcu_dereference_check(). */ #define rcu_dereference_sched_check(p, c) \ __rcu_dereference_check((p), (c) || rcu_read_lock_sched_held(), \ __rcu) /* * The tracing infrastructure traces RCU (we want that), but unfortunately * some of the RCU checks causes tracing to lock up the system. * * The no-tracing version of rcu_dereference_raw() must not call * rcu_read_lock_held(). */ #define rcu_dereference_raw_check(p) __rcu_dereference_check((p), 1, __rcu) /** * rcu_dereference_protected() - fetch RCU pointer when updates prevented * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * @c: The conditions under which the dereference will take place * * Return the value of the specified RCU-protected pointer, but omit * the READ_ONCE(). This is useful in cases where update-side locks * prevent the value of the pointer from changing. Please note that this * primitive does *not* prevent the compiler from repeating this reference * or combining it with other references, so it should not be used without * protection of appropriate locks. * * This function is only for update-side use. Using this function * when protected only by rcu_read_lock() will result in infrequent * but very ugly failures. */ #define rcu_dereference_protected(p, c) \ __rcu_dereference_protected((p), (c), __rcu) /** * rcu_dereference() - fetch RCU-protected pointer for dereferencing * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * * This is a simple wrapper around rcu_dereference_check(). */ #define rcu_dereference(p) rcu_dereference_check(p, 0) /** * rcu_dereference_bh() - fetch an RCU-bh-protected pointer for dereferencing * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * * Makes rcu_dereference_check() do the dirty work. */ #define rcu_dereference_bh(p) rcu_dereference_bh_check(p, 0) /** * rcu_dereference_sched() - fetch RCU-sched-protected pointer for dereferencing * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * * Makes rcu_dereference_check() do the dirty work. */ #define rcu_dereference_sched(p) rcu_dereference_sched_check(p, 0) /** * rcu_pointer_handoff() - Hand off a pointer from RCU to other mechanism * @p: The pointer to hand off * * This is simply an identity function, but it documents where a pointer * is handed off from RCU to some other synchronization mechanism, for * example, reference counting or locking. In C11, it would map to * kill_dependency(). It could be used as follows:: * * rcu_read_lock(); * p = rcu_dereference(gp); * long_lived = is_long_lived(p); * if (long_lived) { * if (!atomic_inc_not_zero(p->refcnt)) * long_lived = false; * else * p = rcu_pointer_handoff(p); * } * rcu_read_unlock(); */ #define rcu_pointer_handoff(p) (p) /** * rcu_read_lock() - mark the beginning of an RCU read-side critical section * * When synchronize_rcu() is invoked on one CPU while other CPUs * are within RCU read-side critical sections, then the * synchronize_rcu() is guaranteed to block until after all the other * CPUs exit their critical sections. Similarly, if call_rcu() is invoked * on one CPU while other CPUs are within RCU read-side critical * sections, invocation of the corresponding RCU callback is deferred * until after the all the other CPUs exit their critical sections. * * Note, however, that RCU callbacks are permitted to run concurrently * with new RCU read-side critical sections. One way that this can happen * is via the following sequence of events: (1) CPU 0 enters an RCU * read-side critical section, (2) CPU 1 invokes call_rcu() to register * an RCU callback, (3) CPU 0 exits the RCU read-side critical section, * (4) CPU 2 enters a RCU read-side critical section, (5) the RCU * callback is invoked. This is legal, because the RCU read-side critical * section that was running concurrently with the call_rcu() (and which * therefore might be referencing something that the corresponding RCU * callback would free up) has completed before the corresponding * RCU callback is invoked. * * RCU read-side critical sections may be nested. Any deferred actions * will be deferred until the outermost RCU read-side critical section * completes. * * You can avoid reading and understanding the next paragraph by * following this rule: don't put anything in an rcu_read_lock() RCU * read-side critical section that would block in a !PREEMPTION kernel. * But if you want the full story, read on! * * In non-preemptible RCU implementations (pure TREE_RCU and TINY_RCU), * it is illegal to block while in an RCU read-side critical section. * In preemptible RCU implementations (PREEMPT_RCU) in CONFIG_PREEMPTION * kernel builds, RCU read-side critical sections may be preempted, * but explicit blocking is illegal. Finally, in preemptible RCU * implementations in real-time (with -rt patchset) kernel builds, RCU * read-side critical sections may be preempted and they may also block, but * only when acquiring spinlocks that are subject to priority inheritance. */ static __always_inline void rcu_read_lock(void) { __rcu_read_lock(); __acquire(RCU); rcu_lock_acquire(&rcu_lock_map); RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_is_watching(), "rcu_read_lock() used illegally while idle"); } /* * So where is rcu_write_lock()? It does not exist, as there is no * way for writers to lock out RCU readers. This is a feature, not * a bug -- this property is what provides RCU's performance benefits. * Of course, writers must coordinate with each other. The normal * spinlock primitives work well for this, but any other technique may be * used as well. RCU does not care how the writers keep out of each * others' way, as long as they do so. */ /** * rcu_read_unlock() - marks the end of an RCU read-side critical section. * * In most situations, rcu_read_unlock() is immune from deadlock. * However, in kernels built with CONFIG_RCU_BOOST, rcu_read_unlock() * is responsible for deboosting, which it does via rt_mutex_unlock(). * Unfortunately, this function acquires the scheduler's runqueue and * priority-inheritance spinlocks. This means that deadlock could result * if the caller of rcu_read_unlock() already holds one of these locks or * any lock that is ever acquired while holding them. * * That said, RCU readers are never priority boosted unless they were * preempted. Therefore, one way to avoid deadlock is to make sure * that preemption never happens within any RCU read-side critical * section whose outermost rcu_read_unlock() is called with one of * rt_mutex_unlock()'s locks held. Such preemption can be avoided in * a number of ways, for example, by invoking preempt_disable() before * critical section's outermost rcu_read_lock(). * * Given that the set of locks acquired by rt_mutex_unlock() might change * at any time, a somewhat more future-proofed approach is to make sure * that that preemption never happens within any RCU read-side critical * section whose outermost rcu_read_unlock() is called with irqs disabled. * This approach relies on the fact that rt_mutex_unlock() currently only * acquires irq-disabled locks. * * The second of these two approaches is best in most situations, * however, the first approach can also be useful, at least to those * developers willing to keep abreast of the set of locks acquired by * rt_mutex_unlock(). * * See rcu_read_lock() for more information. */ static inline void rcu_read_unlock(void) { RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_is_watching(), "rcu_read_unlock() used illegally while idle"); __release(RCU); __rcu_read_unlock(); rcu_lock_release(&rcu_lock_map); /* Keep acq info for rls diags. */ } /** * rcu_read_lock_bh() - mark the beginning of an RCU-bh critical section * * This is equivalent of rcu_read_lock(), but also disables softirqs. * Note that anything else that disables softirqs can also serve as * an RCU read-side critical section. * * Note that rcu_read_lock_bh() and the matching rcu_read_unlock_bh() * must occur in the same context, for example, it is illegal to invoke * rcu_read_unlock_bh() from one task if the matching rcu_read_lock_bh() * was invoked from some other task. */ static inline void rcu_read_lock_bh(void) { local_bh_disable(); __acquire(RCU_BH); rcu_lock_acquire(&rcu_bh_lock_map); RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_is_watching(), "rcu_read_lock_bh() used illegally while idle"); } /** * rcu_read_unlock_bh() - marks the end of a softirq-only RCU critical section * * See rcu_read_lock_bh() for more information. */ static inline void rcu_read_unlock_bh(void) { RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_is_watching(), "rcu_read_unlock_bh() used illegally while idle"); rcu_lock_release(&rcu_bh_lock_map); __release(RCU_BH); local_bh_enable(); } /** * rcu_read_lock_sched() - mark the beginning of a RCU-sched critical section * * This is equivalent of rcu_read_lock(), but disables preemption. * Read-side critical sections can also be introduced by anything else * that disables preemption, including local_irq_disable() and friends. * * Note that rcu_read_lock_sched() and the matching rcu_read_unlock_sched() * must occur in the same context, for example, it is illegal to invoke * rcu_read_unlock_sched() from process context if the matching * rcu_read_lock_sched() was invoked from an NMI handler. */ static inline void rcu_read_lock_sched(void) { preempt_disable(); __acquire(RCU_SCHED); rcu_lock_acquire(&rcu_sched_lock_map); RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_is_watching(), "rcu_read_lock_sched() used illegally while idle"); } /* Used by lockdep and tracing: cannot be traced, cannot call lockdep. */ static inline notrace void rcu_read_lock_sched_notrace(void) { preempt_disable_notrace(); __acquire(RCU_SCHED); } /** * rcu_read_unlock_sched() - marks the end of a RCU-classic critical section * * See rcu_read_lock_sched() for more information. */ static inline void rcu_read_unlock_sched(void) { RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_is_watching(), "rcu_read_unlock_sched() used illegally while idle"); rcu_lock_release(&rcu_sched_lock_map); __release(RCU_SCHED); preempt_enable(); } /* Used by lockdep and tracing: cannot be traced, cannot call lockdep. */ static inline notrace void rcu_read_unlock_sched_notrace(void) { __release(RCU_SCHED); preempt_enable_notrace(); } /** * RCU_INIT_POINTER() - initialize an RCU protected pointer * @p: The pointer to be initialized. * @v: The value to initialized the pointer to. * * Initialize an RCU-protected pointer in special cases where readers * do not need ordering constraints on the CPU or the compiler. These * special cases are: * * 1. This use of RCU_INIT_POINTER() is NULLing out the pointer *or* * 2. The caller has taken whatever steps are required to prevent * RCU readers from concurrently accessing this pointer *or* * 3. The referenced data structure has already been exposed to * readers either at compile time or via rcu_assign_pointer() *and* * * a. You have not made *any* reader-visible changes to * this structure since then *or* * b. It is OK for readers accessing this structure from its * new location to see the old state of the structure. (For * example, the changes were to statistical counters or to * other state where exact synchronization is not required.) * * Failure to follow these rules governing use of RCU_INIT_POINTER() will * result in impossible-to-diagnose memory corruption. As in the structures * will look OK in crash dumps, but any concurrent RCU readers might * see pre-initialized values of the referenced data structure. So * please be very careful how you use RCU_INIT_POINTER()!!! * * If you are creating an RCU-protected linked structure that is accessed * by a single external-to-structure RCU-protected pointer, then you may * use RCU_INIT_POINTER() to initialize the internal RCU-protected * pointers, but you must use rcu_assign_pointer() to initialize the * external-to-structure pointer *after* you have completely initialized * the reader-accessible portions of the linked structure. * * Note that unlike rcu_assign_pointer(), RCU_INIT_POINTER() provides no * ordering guarantees for either the CPU or the compiler. */ #define RCU_INIT_POINTER(p, v) \ do { \ rcu_check_sparse(p, __rcu); \ WRITE_ONCE(p, RCU_INITIALIZER(v)); \ } while (0) /** * RCU_POINTER_INITIALIZER() - statically initialize an RCU protected pointer * @p: The pointer to be initialized. * @v: The value to initialized the pointer to. * * GCC-style initialization for an RCU-protected pointer in a structure field. */ #define RCU_POINTER_INITIALIZER(p, v) \ .p = RCU_INITIALIZER(v) /* * Does the specified offset indicate that the corresponding rcu_head * structure can be handled by kvfree_rcu()? */ #define __is_kvfree_rcu_offset(offset) ((offset) < 4096) /* * Helper macro for kfree_rcu() to prevent argument-expansion eyestrain. */ #define __kvfree_rcu(head, offset) \ do { \ BUILD_BUG_ON(!__is_kvfree_rcu_offset(offset)); \ kvfree_call_rcu(head, (rcu_callback_t)(unsigned long)(offset)); \ } while (0) /** * kfree_rcu() - kfree an object after a grace period. * @ptr: pointer to kfree * @rhf: the name of the struct rcu_head within the type of @ptr. * * Many rcu callbacks functions just call kfree() on the base structure. * These functions are trivial, but their size adds up, and furthermore * when they are used in a kernel module, that module must invoke the * high-latency rcu_barrier() function at module-unload time. * * The kfree_rcu() function handles this issue. Rather than encoding a * function address in the embedded rcu_head structure, kfree_rcu() instead * encodes the offset of the rcu_head structure within the base structure. * Because the functions are not allowed in the low-order 4096 bytes of * kernel virtual memory, offsets up to 4095 bytes can be accommodated. * If the offset is larger than 4095 bytes, a compile-time error will * be generated in __kvfree_rcu(). If this error is triggered, you can * either fall back to use of call_rcu() or rearrange the structure to * position the rcu_head structure into the first 4096 bytes. * * Note that the allowable offset might decrease in the future, for example, * to allow something like kmem_cache_free_rcu(). * * The BUILD_BUG_ON check must not involve any function calls, hence the * checks are done in macros here. */ #define kfree_rcu(ptr, rhf) \ do { \ typeof (ptr) ___p = (ptr); \ \ if (___p) \ __kvfree_rcu(&((___p)->rhf), offsetof(typeof(*(ptr)), rhf)); \ } while (0) /** * kvfree_rcu() - kvfree an object after a grace period. * * This macro consists of one or two arguments and it is * based on whether an object is head-less or not. If it * has a head then a semantic stays the same as it used * to be before: * * kvfree_rcu(ptr, rhf); * * where @ptr is a pointer to kvfree(), @rhf is the name * of the rcu_head structure within the type of @ptr. * * When it comes to head-less variant, only one argument * is passed and that is just a pointer which has to be * freed after a grace period. Therefore the semantic is * * kvfree_rcu(ptr); * * where @ptr is a pointer to kvfree(). * * Please note, head-less way of freeing is permitted to * use from a context that has to follow might_sleep() * annotation. Otherwise, please switch and embed the * rcu_head structure within the type of @ptr. */ #define kvfree_rcu(...) KVFREE_GET_MACRO(__VA_ARGS__, \ kvfree_rcu_arg_2, kvfree_rcu_arg_1)(__VA_ARGS__) #define KVFREE_GET_MACRO(_1, _2, NAME, ...) NAME #define kvfree_rcu_arg_2(ptr, rhf) kfree_rcu(ptr, rhf) #define kvfree_rcu_arg_1(ptr) \ do { \ typeof(ptr) ___p = (ptr); \ \ if (___p) \ kvfree_call_rcu(NULL, (rcu_callback_t) (___p)); \ } while (0) /* * Place this after a lock-acquisition primitive to guarantee that * an UNLOCK+LOCK pair acts as a full barrier. This guarantee applies * if the UNLOCK and LOCK are executed by the same CPU or if the * UNLOCK and LOCK operate on the same lock variable. */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WEAK_RELEASE_ACQUIRE #define smp_mb__after_unlock_lock() smp_mb() /* Full ordering for lock. */ #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WEAK_RELEASE_ACQUIRE */ #define smp_mb__after_unlock_lock() do { } while (0) #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WEAK_RELEASE_ACQUIRE */ /* Has the specified rcu_head structure been handed to call_rcu()? */ /** * rcu_head_init - Initialize rcu_head for rcu_head_after_call_rcu() * @rhp: The rcu_head structure to initialize. * * If you intend to invoke rcu_head_after_call_rcu() to test whether a * given rcu_head structure has already been passed to call_rcu(), then * you must also invoke this rcu_head_init() function on it just after * allocating that structure. Calls to this function must not race with * calls to call_rcu(), rcu_head_after_call_rcu(), or callback invocation. */ static inline void rcu_head_init(struct rcu_head *rhp) { rhp->func = (rcu_callback_t)~0L; } /** * rcu_head_after_call_rcu() - Has this rcu_head been passed to call_rcu()? * @rhp: The rcu_head structure to test. * @f: The function passed to call_rcu() along with @rhp. * * Returns @true if the @rhp has been passed to call_rcu() with @func, * and @false otherwise. Emits a warning in any other case, including * the case where @rhp has already been invoked after a grace period. * Calls to this function must not race with callback invocation. One way * to avoid such races is to enclose the call to rcu_head_after_call_rcu() * in an RCU read-side critical section that includes a read-side fetch * of the pointer to the structure containing @rhp. */ static inline bool rcu_head_after_call_rcu(struct rcu_head *rhp, rcu_callback_t f) { rcu_callback_t func = READ_ONCE(rhp->func); if (func == f) return true; WARN_ON_ONCE(func != (rcu_callback_t)~0L); return false; } /* kernel/ksysfs.c definitions */ extern int rcu_expedited; extern int rcu_normal; #endif /* __LINUX_RCUPDATE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_MIN_HEAP_H #define _LINUX_MIN_HEAP_H #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/types.h> /** * struct min_heap - Data structure to hold a min-heap. * @data: Start of array holding the heap elements. * @nr: Number of elements currently in the heap. * @size: Maximum number of elements that can be held in current storage. */ struct min_heap { void *data; int nr; int size; }; /** * struct min_heap_callbacks - Data/functions to customise the min_heap. * @elem_size: The nr of each element in bytes. * @less: Partial order function for this heap. * @swp: Swap elements function. */ struct min_heap_callbacks { int elem_size; bool (*less)(const void *lhs, const void *rhs); void (*swp)(void *lhs, void *rhs); }; /* Sift the element at pos down the heap. */ static __always_inline void min_heapify(struct min_heap *heap, int pos, const struct min_heap_callbacks *func) { void *left, *right, *parent, *smallest; void *data = heap->data; for (;;) { if (pos * 2 + 1 >= heap->nr) break; left = data + ((pos * 2 + 1) * func->elem_size); parent = data + (pos * func->elem_size); smallest = parent; if (func->less(left, smallest)) smallest = left; if (pos * 2 + 2 < heap->nr) { right = data + ((pos * 2 + 2) * func->elem_size); if (func->less(right, smallest)) smallest = right; } if (smallest == parent) break; func->swp(smallest, parent); if (smallest == left) pos = (pos * 2) + 1; else pos = (pos * 2) + 2; } } /* Floyd's approach to heapification that is O(nr). */ static __always_inline void min_heapify_all(struct min_heap *heap, const struct min_heap_callbacks *func) { int i; for (i = heap->nr / 2; i >= 0; i--) min_heapify(heap, i, func); } /* Remove minimum element from the heap, O(log2(nr)). */ static __always_inline void min_heap_pop(struct min_heap *heap, const struct min_heap_callbacks *func) { void *data = heap->data; if (WARN_ONCE(heap->nr <= 0, "Popping an empty heap")) return; /* Place last element at the root (position 0) and then sift down. */ heap->nr--; memcpy(data, data + (heap->nr * func->elem_size), func->elem_size); min_heapify(heap, 0, func); } /* * Remove the minimum element and then push the given element. The * implementation performs 1 sift (O(log2(nr))) and is therefore more * efficient than a pop followed by a push that does 2. */ static __always_inline void min_heap_pop_push(struct min_heap *heap, const void *element, const struct min_heap_callbacks *func) { memcpy(heap->data, element, func->elem_size); min_heapify(heap, 0, func); } /* Push an element on to the heap, O(log2(nr)). */ static __always_inline void min_heap_push(struct min_heap *heap, const void *element, const struct min_heap_callbacks *func) { void *data = heap->data; void *child, *parent; int pos; if (WARN_ONCE(heap->nr >= heap->size, "Pushing on a full heap")) return; /* Place at the end of data. */ pos = heap->nr; memcpy(data + (pos * func->elem_size), element, func->elem_size); heap->nr++; /* Sift child at pos up. */ for (; pos > 0; pos = (pos - 1) / 2) { child = data + (pos * func->elem_size); parent = data + ((pos - 1) / 2) * func->elem_size; if (func->less(parent, child)) break; func->swp(parent, child); } } #endif /* _LINUX_MIN_HEAP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Cryptographic API. * * Copyright (c) 2002 James Morris <jmorris@intercode.com.au> * Copyright (c) 2005 Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au> */ #ifndef _CRYPTO_INTERNAL_H #define _CRYPTO_INTERNAL_H #include <crypto/algapi.h> #include <linux/completion.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/notifier.h> #include <linux/numa.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/types.h> struct crypto_instance; struct crypto_template; struct crypto_larval { struct crypto_alg alg; struct crypto_alg *adult; struct completion completion; u32 mask; }; extern struct list_head crypto_alg_list; extern struct rw_semaphore crypto_alg_sem; extern struct blocking_notifier_head crypto_chain; #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS void __init crypto_init_proc(void); void __exit crypto_exit_proc(void); #else static inline void crypto_init_proc(void) { } static inline void crypto_exit_proc(void) { } #endif static inline unsigned int crypto_cipher_ctxsize(struct crypto_alg *alg) { return alg->cra_ctxsize; } static inline unsigned int crypto_compress_ctxsize(struct crypto_alg *alg) { return alg->cra_ctxsize; } struct crypto_alg *crypto_mod_get(struct crypto_alg *alg); struct crypto_alg *crypto_alg_mod_lookup(const char *name, u32 type, u32 mask); struct crypto_larval *crypto_larval_alloc(const char *name, u32 type, u32 mask); void crypto_larval_kill(struct crypto_alg *alg); void crypto_alg_tested(const char *name, int err); void crypto_remove_spawns(struct crypto_alg *alg, struct list_head *list, struct crypto_alg *nalg); void crypto_remove_final(struct list_head *list); void crypto_shoot_alg(struct crypto_alg *alg); struct crypto_tfm *__crypto_alloc_tfm(struct crypto_alg *alg, u32 type, u32 mask); void *crypto_create_tfm_node(struct crypto_alg *alg, const struct crypto_type *frontend, int node); static inline void *crypto_create_tfm(struct crypto_alg *alg, const struct crypto_type *frontend) { return crypto_create_tfm_node(alg, frontend, NUMA_NO_NODE); } struct crypto_alg *crypto_find_alg(const char *alg_name, const struct crypto_type *frontend, u32 type, u32 mask); void *crypto_alloc_tfm_node(const char *alg_name, const struct crypto_type *frontend, u32 type, u32 mask, int node); static inline void *crypto_alloc_tfm(const char *alg_name, const struct crypto_type *frontend, u32 type, u32 mask) { return crypto_alloc_tfm_node(alg_name, frontend, type, mask, NUMA_NO_NODE); } int crypto_probing_notify(unsigned long val, void *v); unsigned int crypto_alg_extsize(struct crypto_alg *alg); int crypto_type_has_alg(const char *name, const struct crypto_type *frontend, u32 type, u32 mask); static inline struct crypto_alg *crypto_alg_get(struct crypto_alg *alg) { refcount_inc(&alg->cra_refcnt); return alg; } static inline void crypto_alg_put(struct crypto_alg *alg) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&alg->cra_refcnt) && alg->cra_destroy) alg->cra_destroy(alg); } static inline int crypto_tmpl_get(struct crypto_template *tmpl) { return try_module_get(tmpl->module); } static inline void crypto_tmpl_put(struct crypto_template *tmpl) { module_put(tmpl->module); } static inline int crypto_is_larval(struct crypto_alg *alg) { return alg->cra_flags & CRYPTO_ALG_LARVAL; } static inline int crypto_is_dead(struct crypto_alg *alg) { return alg->cra_flags & CRYPTO_ALG_DEAD; } static inline int crypto_is_moribund(struct crypto_alg *alg) { return alg->cra_flags & (CRYPTO_ALG_DEAD | CRYPTO_ALG_DYING); } static inline void crypto_notify(unsigned long val, void *v) { blocking_notifier_call_chain(&crypto_chain, val, v); } static inline void crypto_yield(u32 flags) { if (flags & CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_SLEEP) cond_resched(); } #endif /* _CRYPTO_INTERNAL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* rwsem.h: R/W semaphores, public interface * * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com). * Derived from asm-i386/semaphore.h */ #ifndef _LINUX_RWSEM_H #define _LINUX_RWSEM_H #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/err.h> #ifdef CONFIG_RWSEM_SPIN_ON_OWNER #include <linux/osq_lock.h> #endif /* * For an uncontended rwsem, count and owner are the only fields a task * needs to touch when acquiring the rwsem. So they are put next to each * other to increase the chance that they will share the same cacheline. * * In a contended rwsem, the owner is likely the most frequently accessed * field in the structure as the optimistic waiter that holds the osq lock * will spin on owner. For an embedded rwsem, other hot fields in the * containing structure should be moved further away from the rwsem to * reduce the chance that they will share the same cacheline causing * cacheline bouncing problem. */ struct rw_semaphore { atomic_long_t count; /* * Write owner or one of the read owners as well flags regarding * the current state of the rwsem. Can be used as a speculative * check to see if the write owner is running on the cpu. */ atomic_long_t owner; #ifdef CONFIG_RWSEM_SPIN_ON_OWNER struct optimistic_spin_queue osq; /* spinner MCS lock */ #endif raw_spinlock_t wait_lock; struct list_head wait_list; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_RWSEMS void *magic; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC struct lockdep_map dep_map; #endif }; /* In all implementations count != 0 means locked */ static inline int rwsem_is_locked(struct rw_semaphore *sem) { return atomic_long_read(&sem->count) != 0; } #define RWSEM_UNLOCKED_VALUE 0L #define __RWSEM_COUNT_INIT(name) .count = ATOMIC_LONG_INIT(RWSEM_UNLOCKED_VALUE) /* Common initializer macros and functions */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC # define __RWSEM_DEP_MAP_INIT(lockname) \ .dep_map = { \ .name = #lockname, \ .wait_type_inner = LD_WAIT_SLEEP, \ }, #else # define __RWSEM_DEP_MAP_INIT(lockname) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_RWSEMS # define __RWSEM_DEBUG_INIT(lockname) .magic = &lockname, #else # define __RWSEM_DEBUG_INIT(lockname) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_RWSEM_SPIN_ON_OWNER #define __RWSEM_OPT_INIT(lockname) .osq = OSQ_LOCK_UNLOCKED, #else #define __RWSEM_OPT_INIT(lockname) #endif #define __RWSEM_INITIALIZER(name) \ { __RWSEM_COUNT_INIT(name), \ .owner = ATOMIC_LONG_INIT(0), \ __RWSEM_OPT_INIT(name) \ .wait_lock = __RAW_SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(name.wait_lock),\ .wait_list = LIST_HEAD_INIT((name).wait_list), \ __RWSEM_DEBUG_INIT(name) \ __RWSEM_DEP_MAP_INIT(name) } #define DECLARE_RWSEM(name) \ struct rw_semaphore name = __RWSEM_INITIALIZER(name) extern void __init_rwsem(struct rw_semaphore *sem, const char *name, struct lock_class_key *key); #define init_rwsem(sem) \ do { \ static struct lock_class_key __key; \ \ __init_rwsem((sem), #sem, &__key); \ } while (0) /* * This is the same regardless of which rwsem implementation that is being used. * It is just a heuristic meant to be called by somebody alreadying holding the * rwsem to see if somebody from an incompatible type is wanting access to the * lock. */ static inline int rwsem_is_contended(struct rw_semaphore *sem) { return !list_empty(&sem->wait_list); } /* * lock for reading */ extern void down_read(struct rw_semaphore *sem); extern int __must_check down_read_interruptible(struct rw_semaphore *sem); extern int __must_check down_read_killable(struct rw_semaphore *sem); /* * trylock for reading -- returns 1 if successful, 0 if contention */ extern int down_read_trylock(struct rw_semaphore *sem); /* * lock for writing */ extern void down_write(struct rw_semaphore *sem); extern int __must_check down_write_killable(struct rw_semaphore *sem); /* * trylock for writing -- returns 1 if successful, 0 if contention */ extern int down_write_trylock(struct rw_semaphore *sem); /* * release a read lock */ extern void up_read(struct rw_semaphore *sem); /* * release a write lock */ extern void up_write(struct rw_semaphore *sem); /* * downgrade write lock to read lock */ extern void downgrade_write(struct rw_semaphore *sem); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC /* * nested locking. NOTE: rwsems are not allowed to recurse * (which occurs if the same task tries to acquire the same * lock instance multiple times), but multiple locks of the * same lock class might be taken, if the order of the locks * is always the same. This ordering rule can be expressed * to lockdep via the _nested() APIs, but enumerating the * subclasses that are used. (If the nesting relationship is * static then another method for expressing nested locking is * the explicit definition of lock class keys and the use of * lockdep_set_class() at lock initialization time. * See Documentation/locking/lockdep-design.rst for more details.) */ extern void down_read_nested(struct rw_semaphore *sem, int subclass); extern int __must_check down_read_killable_nested(struct rw_semaphore *sem, int subclass); extern void down_write_nested(struct rw_semaphore *sem, int subclass); extern int down_write_killable_nested(struct rw_semaphore *sem, int subclass); extern void _down_write_nest_lock(struct rw_semaphore *sem, struct lockdep_map *nest_lock); # define down_write_nest_lock(sem, nest_lock) \ do { \ typecheck(struct lockdep_map *, &(nest_lock)->dep_map); \ _down_write_nest_lock(sem, &(nest_lock)->dep_map); \ } while (0); /* * Take/release a lock when not the owner will release it. * * [ This API should be avoided as much as possible - the * proper abstraction for this case is completions. ] */ extern void down_read_non_owner(struct rw_semaphore *sem); extern void up_read_non_owner(struct rw_semaphore *sem); #else # define down_read_nested(sem, subclass) down_read(sem) # define down_read_killable_nested(sem, subclass) down_read_killable(sem) # define down_write_nest_lock(sem, nest_lock) down_write(sem) # define down_write_nested(sem, subclass) down_write(sem) # define down_write_killable_nested(sem, subclass) down_write_killable(sem) # define down_read_non_owner(sem) down_read(sem) # define up_read_non_owner(sem) up_read(sem) #endif #endif /* _LINUX_RWSEM_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_CPUTIME_H #define _LINUX_SCHED_CPUTIME_H #include <linux/sched/signal.h> /* * cputime accounting APIs: */ #ifdef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE #include <asm/cputime.h> #ifndef cputime_to_nsecs # define cputime_to_nsecs(__ct) \ (cputime_to_usecs(__ct) * NSEC_PER_USEC) #endif #endif /* CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE */ #ifdef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_GEN extern void task_cputime(struct task_struct *t, u64 *utime, u64 *stime); extern u64 task_gtime(struct task_struct *t); #else static inline void task_cputime(struct task_struct *t, u64 *utime, u64 *stime) { *utime = t->utime; *stime = t->stime; } static inline u64 task_gtime(struct task_struct *t) { return t->gtime; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SCALED_CPUTIME static inline void task_cputime_scaled(struct task_struct *t, u64 *utimescaled, u64 *stimescaled) { *utimescaled = t->utimescaled; *stimescaled = t->stimescaled; } #else static inline void task_cputime_scaled(struct task_struct *t, u64 *utimescaled, u64 *stimescaled) { task_cputime(t, utimescaled, stimescaled); } #endif extern void task_cputime_adjusted(struct task_struct *p, u64 *ut, u64 *st); extern void thread_group_cputime_adjusted(struct task_struct *p, u64 *ut, u64 *st); extern void cputime_adjust(struct task_cputime *curr, struct prev_cputime *prev, u64 *ut, u64 *st); /* * Thread group CPU time accounting. */ void thread_group_cputime(struct task_struct *tsk, struct task_cputime *times); void thread_group_sample_cputime(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 *samples); /* * The following are functions that support scheduler-internal time accounting. * These functions are generally called at the timer tick. None of this depends * on CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS. */ /** * get_running_cputimer - return &tsk->signal->cputimer if cputimers are active * * @tsk: Pointer to target task. */ #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS static inline struct thread_group_cputimer *get_running_cputimer(struct task_struct *tsk) { struct thread_group_cputimer *cputimer = &tsk->signal->cputimer; /* * Check whether posix CPU timers are active. If not the thread * group accounting is not active either. Lockless check. */ if (!READ_ONCE(tsk->signal->posix_cputimers.timers_active)) return NULL; /* * After we flush the task's sum_exec_runtime to sig->sum_sched_runtime * in __exit_signal(), we won't account to the signal struct further * cputime consumed by that task, even though the task can still be * ticking after __exit_signal(). * * In order to keep a consistent behaviour between thread group cputime * and thread group cputimer accounting, lets also ignore the cputime * elapsing after __exit_signal() in any thread group timer running. * * This makes sure that POSIX CPU clocks and timers are synchronized, so * that a POSIX CPU timer won't expire while the corresponding POSIX CPU * clock delta is behind the expiring timer value. */ if (unlikely(!tsk->sighand)) return NULL; return cputimer; } #else static inline struct thread_group_cputimer *get_running_cputimer(struct task_struct *tsk) { return NULL; } #endif /** * account_group_user_time - Maintain utime for a thread group. * * @tsk: Pointer to task structure. * @cputime: Time value by which to increment the utime field of the * thread_group_cputime structure. * * If thread group time is being maintained, get the structure for the * running CPU and update the utime field there. */ static inline void account_group_user_time(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 cputime) { struct thread_group_cputimer *cputimer = get_running_cputimer(tsk); if (!cputimer) return; atomic64_add(cputime, &cputimer->cputime_atomic.utime); } /** * account_group_system_time - Maintain stime for a thread group. * * @tsk: Pointer to task structure. * @cputime: Time value by which to increment the stime field of the * thread_group_cputime structure. * * If thread group time is being maintained, get the structure for the * running CPU and update the stime field there. */ static inline void account_group_system_time(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 cputime) { struct thread_group_cputimer *cputimer = get_running_cputimer(tsk); if (!cputimer) return; atomic64_add(cputime, &cputimer->cputime_atomic.stime); } /** * account_group_exec_runtime - Maintain exec runtime for a thread group. * * @tsk: Pointer to task structure. * @ns: Time value by which to increment the sum_exec_runtime field * of the thread_group_cputime structure. * * If thread group time is being maintained, get the structure for the * running CPU and update the sum_exec_runtime field there. */ static inline void account_group_exec_runtime(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long long ns) { struct thread_group_cputimer *cputimer = get_running_cputimer(tsk); if (!cputimer) return; atomic64_add(ns, &cputimer->cputime_atomic.sum_exec_runtime); } static inline void prev_cputime_init(struct prev_cputime *prev) { #ifndef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE prev->utime = prev->stime = 0; raw_spin_lock_init(&prev->lock); #endif } extern unsigned long long task_sched_runtime(struct task_struct *task); #endif /* _LINUX_SCHED_CPUTIME_H */
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Copyright (C) 2006 Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> * */ #define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/blktrace_api.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/debugfs.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/blk-cgroup.h> #include "../../block/blk.h" #include <trace/events/block.h> #include "trace_output.h" #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_IO_TRACE static unsigned int blktrace_seq __read_mostly = 1; static struct trace_array *blk_tr; static bool blk_tracer_enabled __read_mostly; static LIST_HEAD(running_trace_list); static __cacheline_aligned_in_smp DEFINE_SPINLOCK(running_trace_lock); /* Select an alternative, minimalistic output than the original one */ #define TRACE_BLK_OPT_CLASSIC 0x1 #define TRACE_BLK_OPT_CGROUP 0x2 #define TRACE_BLK_OPT_CGNAME 0x4 static struct tracer_opt blk_tracer_opts[] = { /* Default disable the minimalistic output */ { TRACER_OPT(blk_classic, TRACE_BLK_OPT_CLASSIC) }, #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP { TRACER_OPT(blk_cgroup, TRACE_BLK_OPT_CGROUP) }, { TRACER_OPT(blk_cgname, TRACE_BLK_OPT_CGNAME) }, #endif { } }; static struct tracer_flags blk_tracer_flags = { .val = 0, .opts = blk_tracer_opts, }; /* Global reference count of probes */ static DEFINE_MUTEX(blk_probe_mutex); static int blk_probes_ref; static void blk_register_tracepoints(void); static void blk_unregister_tracepoints(void); /* * Send out a notify message. */ static void trace_note(struct blk_trace *bt, pid_t pid, int action, const void *data, size_t len, u64 cgid) { struct blk_io_trace *t; struct ring_buffer_event *event = NULL; struct trace_buffer *buffer = NULL; int pc = 0; int cpu = smp_processor_id(); bool blk_tracer = blk_tracer_enabled; ssize_t cgid_len = cgid ? sizeof(cgid) : 0; if (blk_tracer) { buffer = blk_tr->array_buffer.buffer; pc = preempt_count(); event = trace_buffer_lock_reserve(buffer, TRACE_BLK, sizeof(*t) + len + cgid_len, 0, pc); if (!event) return; t = ring_buffer_event_data(event); goto record_it; } if (!bt->rchan) return; t = relay_reserve(bt->rchan, sizeof(*t) + len + cgid_len); if (t) { t->magic = BLK_IO_TRACE_MAGIC | BLK_IO_TRACE_VERSION; t->time = ktime_to_ns(ktime_get()); record_it: t->device = bt->dev; t->action = action | (cgid ? __BLK_TN_CGROUP : 0); t->pid = pid; t->cpu = cpu; t->pdu_len = len + cgid_len; if (cgid_len) memcpy((void *)t + sizeof(*t), &cgid, cgid_len); memcpy((void *) t + sizeof(*t) + cgid_len, data, len); if (blk_tracer) trace_buffer_unlock_commit(blk_tr, buffer, event, 0, pc); } } /* * Send out a notify for this process, if we haven't done so since a trace * started */ static void trace_note_tsk(struct task_struct *tsk) { unsigned long flags; struct blk_trace *bt; tsk->btrace_seq = blktrace_seq; spin_lock_irqsave(&running_trace_lock, flags); list_for_each_entry(bt, &running_trace_list, running_list) { trace_note(bt, tsk->pid, BLK_TN_PROCESS, tsk->comm, sizeof(tsk->comm), 0); } spin_unlock_irqrestore(&running_trace_lock, flags); } static void trace_note_time(struct blk_trace *bt) { struct timespec64 now; unsigned long flags; u32 words[2]; /* need to check user space to see if this breaks in y2038 or y2106 */ ktime_get_real_ts64(&now); words[0] = (u32)now.tv_sec; words[1] = now.tv_nsec; local_irq_save(flags); trace_note(bt, 0, BLK_TN_TIMESTAMP, words, sizeof(words), 0); local_irq_restore(flags); } void __trace_note_message(struct blk_trace *bt, struct blkcg *blkcg, const char *fmt, ...) { int n; va_list args; unsigned long flags; char *buf; if (unlikely(bt->trace_state != Blktrace_running && !blk_tracer_enabled)) return; /* * If the BLK_TC_NOTIFY action mask isn't set, don't send any note * message to the trace. */ if (!(bt->act_mask & BLK_TC_NOTIFY)) return; local_irq_save(flags); buf = this_cpu_ptr(bt->msg_data); va_start(args, fmt); n = vscnprintf(buf, BLK_TN_MAX_MSG, fmt, args); va_end(args); if (!(blk_tracer_flags.val & TRACE_BLK_OPT_CGROUP)) blkcg = NULL; #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP trace_note(bt, current->pid, BLK_TN_MESSAGE, buf, n, blkcg ? cgroup_id(blkcg->css.cgroup) : 1); #else trace_note(bt, current->pid, BLK_TN_MESSAGE, buf, n, 0); #endif local_irq_restore(flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__trace_note_message); static int act_log_check(struct blk_trace *bt, u32 what, sector_t sector, pid_t pid) { if (((bt->act_mask << BLK_TC_SHIFT) & what) == 0) return 1; if (sector && (sector < bt->start_lba || sector > bt->end_lba)) return 1; if (bt->pid && pid != bt->pid) return 1; return 0; } /* * Data direction bit lookup */ static const u32 ddir_act[2] = { BLK_TC_ACT(BLK_TC_READ), BLK_TC_ACT(BLK_TC_WRITE) }; #define BLK_TC_RAHEAD BLK_TC_AHEAD #define BLK_TC_PREFLUSH BLK_TC_FLUSH /* The ilog2() calls fall out because they're constant */ #define MASK_TC_BIT(rw, __name) ((rw & REQ_ ## __name) << \ (ilog2(BLK_TC_ ## __name) + BLK_TC_SHIFT - __REQ_ ## __name)) /* * The worker for the various blk_add_trace*() types. Fills out a * blk_io_trace structure and places it in a per-cpu subbuffer. */ static void __blk_add_trace(struct blk_trace *bt, sector_t sector, int bytes, int op, int op_flags, u32 what, int error, int pdu_len, void *pdu_data, u64 cgid) { struct task_struct *tsk = current; struct ring_buffer_event *event = NULL; struct trace_buffer *buffer = NULL; struct blk_io_trace *t; unsigned long flags = 0; unsigned long *sequence; pid_t pid; int cpu, pc = 0; bool blk_tracer = blk_tracer_enabled; ssize_t cgid_len = cgid ? sizeof(cgid) : 0; if (unlikely(bt->trace_state != Blktrace_running && !blk_tracer)) return; what |= ddir_act[op_is_write(op) ? WRITE : READ]; what |= MASK_TC_BIT(op_flags, SYNC); what |= MASK_TC_BIT(op_flags, RAHEAD); what |= MASK_TC_BIT(op_flags, META); what |= MASK_TC_BIT(op_flags, PREFLUSH); what |= MASK_TC_BIT(op_flags, FUA); if (op == REQ_OP_DISCARD || op == REQ_OP_SECURE_ERASE) what |= BLK_TC_ACT(BLK_TC_DISCARD); if (op == REQ_OP_FLUSH) what |= BLK_TC_ACT(BLK_TC_FLUSH); if (cgid) what |= __BLK_TA_CGROUP; pid = tsk->pid; if (act_log_check(bt, what, sector, pid)) return; cpu = raw_smp_processor_id(); if (blk_tracer) { tracing_record_cmdline(current); buffer = blk_tr->array_buffer.buffer; pc = preempt_count(); event = trace_buffer_lock_reserve(buffer, TRACE_BLK, sizeof(*t) + pdu_len + cgid_len, 0, pc); if (!event) return; t = ring_buffer_event_data(event); goto record_it; } if (unlikely(tsk->btrace_seq != blktrace_seq)) trace_note_tsk(tsk); /* * A word about the locking here - we disable interrupts to reserve * some space in the relay per-cpu buffer, to prevent an irq * from coming in and stepping on our toes. */ local_irq_save(flags); t = relay_reserve(bt->rchan, sizeof(*t) + pdu_len + cgid_len); if (t) { sequence = per_cpu_ptr(bt->sequence, cpu); t->magic = BLK_IO_TRACE_MAGIC | BLK_IO_TRACE_VERSION; t->sequence = ++(*sequence); t->time = ktime_to_ns(ktime_get()); record_it: /* * These two are not needed in ftrace as they are in the * generic trace_entry, filled by tracing_generic_entry_update, * but for the trace_event->bin() synthesizer benefit we do it * here too. */ t->cpu = cpu; t->pid = pid; t->sector = sector; t->bytes = bytes; t->action = what; t->device = bt->dev; t->error = error; t->pdu_len = pdu_len + cgid_len; if (cgid_len) memcpy((void *)t + sizeof(*t), &cgid, cgid_len); if (pdu_len) memcpy((void *)t + sizeof(*t) + cgid_len, pdu_data, pdu_len); if (blk_tracer) { trace_buffer_unlock_commit(blk_tr, buffer, event, 0, pc); return; } } local_irq_restore(flags); } static void blk_trace_free(struct blk_trace *bt) { debugfs_remove(bt->msg_file); debugfs_remove(bt->dropped_file); relay_close(bt->rchan); debugfs_remove(bt->dir); free_percpu(bt->sequence); free_percpu(bt->msg_data); kfree(bt); } static void get_probe_ref(void) { mutex_lock(&blk_probe_mutex); if (++blk_probes_ref == 1) blk_register_tracepoints(); mutex_unlock(&blk_probe_mutex); } static void put_probe_ref(void) { mutex_lock(&blk_probe_mutex); if (!--blk_probes_ref) blk_unregister_tracepoints(); mutex_unlock(&blk_probe_mutex); } static void blk_trace_cleanup(struct blk_trace *bt) { synchronize_rcu(); blk_trace_free(bt); put_probe_ref(); } static int __blk_trace_remove(struct request_queue *q) { struct blk_trace *bt; bt = rcu_replace_pointer(q->blk_trace, NULL, lockdep_is_held(&q->debugfs_mutex)); if (!bt) return -EINVAL; if (bt->trace_state != Blktrace_running) blk_trace_cleanup(bt); return 0; } int blk_trace_remove(struct request_queue *q) { int ret; mutex_lock(&q->debugfs_mutex); ret = __blk_trace_remove(q); mutex_unlock(&q->debugfs_mutex); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blk_trace_remove); static ssize_t blk_dropped_read(struct file *filp, char __user *buffer, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { struct blk_trace *bt = filp->private_data; char buf[16]; snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%u\n", atomic_read(&bt->dropped)); return simple_read_from_buffer(buffer, count, ppos, buf, strlen(buf)); } static const struct file_operations blk_dropped_fops = { .owner = THIS_MODULE, .open = simple_open, .read = blk_dropped_read, .llseek = default_llseek, }; static ssize_t blk_msg_write(struct file *filp, const char __user *buffer, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { char *msg; struct blk_trace *bt; if (count >= BLK_TN_MAX_MSG) return -EINVAL; msg = memdup_user_nul(buffer, count); if (IS_ERR(msg)) return PTR_ERR(msg); bt = filp->private_data; __trace_note_message(bt, NULL, "%s", msg); kfree(msg); return count; } static const struct file_operations blk_msg_fops = { .owner = THIS_MODULE, .open = simple_open, .write = blk_msg_write, .llseek = noop_llseek, }; /* * Keep track of how many times we encountered a full subbuffer, to aid * the user space app in telling how many lost events there were. */ static int blk_subbuf_start_callback(struct rchan_buf *buf, void *subbuf, void *prev_subbuf, size_t prev_padding) { struct blk_trace *bt; if (!relay_buf_full(buf)) return 1; bt = buf->chan->private_data; atomic_inc(&bt->dropped); return 0; } static int blk_remove_buf_file_callback(struct dentry *dentry) { debugfs_remove(dentry); return 0; } static struct dentry *blk_create_buf_file_callback(const char *filename, struct dentry *parent, umode_t mode, struct rchan_buf *buf, int *is_global) { return debugfs_create_file(filename, mode, parent, buf, &relay_file_operations); } static struct rchan_callbacks blk_relay_callbacks = { .subbuf_start = blk_subbuf_start_callback, .create_buf_file = blk_create_buf_file_callback, .remove_buf_file = blk_remove_buf_file_callback, }; static void blk_trace_setup_lba(struct blk_trace *bt, struct block_device *bdev) { struct hd_struct *part = NULL; if (bdev) part = bdev->bd_part; if (part) { bt->start_lba = part->start_sect; bt->end_lba = part->start_sect + part->nr_sects; } else { bt->start_lba = 0; bt->end_lba = -1ULL; } } /* * Setup everything required to start tracing */ static int do_blk_trace_setup(struct request_queue *q, char *name, dev_t dev, struct block_device *bdev, struct blk_user_trace_setup *buts) { struct blk_trace *bt = NULL; struct dentry *dir = NULL; int ret; lockdep_assert_held(&q->debugfs_mutex); if (!buts->buf_size || !buts->buf_nr) return -EINVAL; strncpy(buts->name, name, BLKTRACE_BDEV_SIZE); buts->name[BLKTRACE_BDEV_SIZE - 1] = '\0'; /* * some device names have larger paths - convert the slashes * to underscores for this to work as expected */ strreplace(buts->name, '/', '_'); /* * bdev can be NULL, as with scsi-generic, this is a helpful as * we can be. */ if (rcu_dereference_protected(q->blk_trace, lockdep_is_held(&q->debugfs_mutex))) { pr_warn("Concurrent blktraces are not allowed on %s\n", buts->name); return -EBUSY; } bt = kzalloc(sizeof(*bt), GFP_KERNEL); if (!bt) return -ENOMEM; ret = -ENOMEM; bt->sequence = alloc_percpu(unsigned long); if (!bt->sequence) goto err; bt->msg_data = __alloc_percpu(BLK_TN_MAX_MSG, __alignof__(char)); if (!bt->msg_data) goto err; /* * When tracing the whole disk reuse the existing debugfs directory * created by the block layer on init. For partitions block devices, * and scsi-generic block devices we create a temporary new debugfs * directory that will be removed once the trace ends. */ if (bdev && !bdev_is_partition(bdev)) dir = q->debugfs_dir; else bt->dir = dir = debugfs_create_dir(buts->name, blk_debugfs_root); /* * As blktrace relies on debugfs for its interface the debugfs directory * is required, contrary to the usual mantra of not checking for debugfs * files or directories. */ if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(dir)) { pr_warn("debugfs_dir not present for %s so skipping\n", buts->name); ret = -ENOENT; goto err; } bt->dev = dev; atomic_set(&bt->dropped, 0); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&bt->running_list); ret = -EIO; bt->dropped_file = debugfs_create_file("dropped", 0444, dir, bt, &blk_dropped_fops); bt->msg_file = debugfs_create_file("msg", 0222, dir, bt, &blk_msg_fops); bt->rchan = relay_open("trace", dir, buts->buf_size, buts->buf_nr, &blk_relay_callbacks, bt); if (!bt->rchan) goto err; bt->act_mask = buts->act_mask; if (!bt->act_mask) bt->act_mask = (u16) -1; blk_trace_setup_lba(bt, bdev); /* overwrite with user settings */ if (buts->start_lba) bt->start_lba = buts->start_lba; if (buts->end_lba) bt->end_lba = buts->end_lba; bt->pid = buts->pid; bt->trace_state = Blktrace_setup; rcu_assign_pointer(q->blk_trace, bt); get_probe_ref(); ret = 0; err: if (ret) blk_trace_free(bt); return ret; } static int __blk_trace_setup(struct request_queue *q, char *name, dev_t dev, struct block_device *bdev, char __user *arg) { struct blk_user_trace_setup buts; int ret; ret = copy_from_user(&buts, arg, sizeof(buts)); if (ret) return -EFAULT; ret = do_blk_trace_setup(q, name, dev, bdev, &buts); if (ret) return ret; if (copy_to_user(arg, &buts, sizeof(buts))) { __blk_trace_remove(q); return -EFAULT; } return 0; } int blk_trace_setup(struct request_queue *q, char *name, dev_t dev, struct block_device *bdev, char __user *arg) { int ret; mutex_lock(&q->debugfs_mutex); ret = __blk_trace_setup(q, name, dev, bdev, arg); mutex_unlock(&q->debugfs_mutex); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blk_trace_setup); #if defined(CONFIG_COMPAT) && defined(CONFIG_X86_64) static int compat_blk_trace_setup(struct request_queue *q, char *name, dev_t dev, struct block_device *bdev, char __user *arg) { struct blk_user_trace_setup buts; struct compat_blk_user_trace_setup cbuts; int ret; if (copy_from_user(&cbuts, arg, sizeof(cbuts))) return -EFAULT; buts = (struct blk_user_trace_setup) { .act_mask = cbuts.act_mask, .buf_size = cbuts.buf_size, .buf_nr = cbuts.buf_nr, .start_lba = cbuts.start_lba, .end_lba = cbuts.end_lba, .pid = cbuts.pid, }; ret = do_blk_trace_setup(q, name, dev, bdev, &buts); if (ret) return ret; if (copy_to_user(arg, &buts.name, ARRAY_SIZE(buts.name))) { __blk_trace_remove(q); return -EFAULT; } return 0; } #endif static int __blk_trace_startstop(struct request_queue *q, int start) { int ret; struct blk_trace *bt; bt = rcu_dereference_protected(q->blk_trace, lockdep_is_held(&q->debugfs_mutex)); if (bt == NULL) return -EINVAL; /* * For starting a trace, we can transition from a setup or stopped * trace. For stopping a trace, the state must be running */ ret = -EINVAL; if (start) { if (bt->trace_state == Blktrace_setup || bt->trace_state == Blktrace_stopped) { blktrace_seq++; smp_mb(); bt->trace_state = Blktrace_running; spin_lock_irq(&running_trace_lock); list_add(&bt->running_list, &running_trace_list); spin_unlock_irq(&running_trace_lock); trace_note_time(bt); ret = 0; } } else { if (bt->trace_state == Blktrace_running) { bt->trace_state = Blktrace_stopped; spin_lock_irq(&running_trace_lock); list_del_init(&bt->running_list); spin_unlock_irq(&running_trace_lock); relay_flush(bt->rchan); ret = 0; } } return ret; } int blk_trace_startstop(struct request_queue *q, int start) { int ret; mutex_lock(&q->debugfs_mutex); ret = __blk_trace_startstop(q, start); mutex_unlock(&q->debugfs_mutex); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blk_trace_startstop); /* * When reading or writing the blktrace sysfs files, the references to the * opened sysfs or device files should prevent the underlying block device * from being removed. So no further delete protection is really needed. */ /** * blk_trace_ioctl: - handle the ioctls associated with tracing * @bdev: the block device * @cmd: the ioctl cmd * @arg: the argument data, if any * **/ int blk_trace_ioctl(struct block_device *bdev, unsigned cmd, char __user *arg) { struct request_queue *q; int ret, start = 0; char b[BDEVNAME_SIZE]; q = bdev_get_queue(bdev); if (!q) return -ENXIO; mutex_lock(&q->debugfs_mutex); switch (cmd) { case BLKTRACESETUP: bdevname(bdev, b); ret = __blk_trace_setup(q, b, bdev->bd_dev, bdev, arg); break; #if defined(CONFIG_COMPAT) && defined(CONFIG_X86_64) case BLKTRACESETUP32: bdevname(bdev, b); ret = compat_blk_trace_setup(q, b, bdev->bd_dev, bdev, arg); break; #endif case BLKTRACESTART: start = 1; fallthrough; case BLKTRACESTOP: ret = __blk_trace_startstop(q, start); break; case BLKTRACETEARDOWN: ret = __blk_trace_remove(q); break; default: ret = -ENOTTY; break; } mutex_unlock(&q->debugfs_mutex); return ret; } /** * blk_trace_shutdown: - stop and cleanup trace structures * @q: the request queue associated with the device * **/ void blk_trace_shutdown(struct request_queue *q) { mutex_lock(&q->debugfs_mutex); if (rcu_dereference_protected(q->blk_trace, lockdep_is_held(&q->debugfs_mutex))) { __blk_trace_startstop(q, 0); __blk_trace_remove(q); } mutex_unlock(&q->debugfs_mutex); } #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP static u64 blk_trace_bio_get_cgid(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio) { struct blk_trace *bt; /* We don't use the 'bt' value here except as an optimization... */ bt = rcu_dereference_protected(q->blk_trace, 1); if (!bt || !(blk_tracer_flags.val & TRACE_BLK_OPT_CGROUP)) return 0; if (!bio->bi_blkg) return 0; return cgroup_id(bio_blkcg(bio)->css.cgroup); } #else static u64 blk_trace_bio_get_cgid(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio) { return 0; } #endif static u64 blk_trace_request_get_cgid(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq) { if (!rq->bio) return 0; /* Use the first bio */ return blk_trace_bio_get_cgid(q, rq->bio); } /* * blktrace probes */ /** * blk_add_trace_rq - Add a trace for a request oriented action * @rq: the source request * @error: return status to log * @nr_bytes: number of completed bytes * @what: the action * @cgid: the cgroup info * * Description: * Records an action against a request. Will log the bio offset + size. * **/ static void blk_add_trace_rq(struct request *rq, int error, unsigned int nr_bytes, u32 what, u64 cgid) { struct blk_trace *bt; rcu_read_lock(); bt = rcu_dereference(rq->q->blk_trace); if (likely(!bt)) { rcu_read_unlock(); return; } if (blk_rq_is_passthrough(rq)) what |= BLK_TC_ACT(BLK_TC_PC); else what |= BLK_TC_ACT(BLK_TC_FS); __blk_add_trace(bt, blk_rq_trace_sector(rq), nr_bytes, req_op(rq), rq->cmd_flags, what, error, 0, NULL, cgid); rcu_read_unlock(); } static void blk_add_trace_rq_insert(void *ignore, struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq) { blk_add_trace_rq(rq, 0, blk_rq_bytes(rq), BLK_TA_INSERT, blk_trace_request_get_cgid(q, rq)); } static void blk_add_trace_rq_issue(void *ignore, struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq) { blk_add_trace_rq(rq, 0, blk_rq_bytes(rq), BLK_TA_ISSUE, blk_trace_request_get_cgid(q, rq)); } static void blk_add_trace_rq_merge(void *ignore, struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq) { blk_add_trace_rq(rq, 0, blk_rq_bytes(rq), BLK_TA_BACKMERGE, blk_trace_request_get_cgid(q, rq)); } static void blk_add_trace_rq_requeue(void *ignore, struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq) { blk_add_trace_rq(rq, 0, blk_rq_bytes(rq), BLK_TA_REQUEUE, blk_trace_request_get_cgid(q, rq)); } static void blk_add_trace_rq_complete(void *ignore, struct request *rq, int error, unsigned int nr_bytes) { blk_add_trace_rq(rq, error, nr_bytes, BLK_TA_COMPLETE, blk_trace_request_get_cgid(rq->q, rq)); } /** * blk_add_trace_bio - Add a trace for a bio oriented action * @q: queue the io is for * @bio: the source bio * @what: the action * @error: error, if any * * Description: * Records an action against a bio. Will log the bio offset + size. * **/ static void blk_add_trace_bio(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, u32 what, int error) { struct blk_trace *bt; rcu_read_lock(); bt = rcu_dereference(q->blk_trace); if (likely(!bt)) { rcu_read_unlock(); return; } __blk_add_trace(bt, bio->bi_iter.bi_sector, bio->bi_iter.bi_size, bio_op(bio), bio->bi_opf, what, error, 0, NULL, blk_trace_bio_get_cgid(q, bio)); rcu_read_unlock(); } static void blk_add_trace_bio_bounce(void *ignore, struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio) { blk_add_trace_bio(q, bio, BLK_TA_BOUNCE, 0); } static void blk_add_trace_bio_complete(void *ignore, struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio) { blk_add_trace_bio(q, bio, BLK_TA_COMPLETE, blk_status_to_errno(bio->bi_status)); } static void blk_add_trace_bio_backmerge(void *ignore, struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, struct bio *bio) { blk_add_trace_bio(q, bio, BLK_TA_BACKMERGE, 0); } static void blk_add_trace_bio_frontmerge(void *ignore, struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, struct bio *bio) { blk_add_trace_bio(q, bio, BLK_TA_FRONTMERGE, 0); } static void blk_add_trace_bio_queue(void *ignore, struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio) { blk_add_trace_bio(q, bio, BLK_TA_QUEUE, 0); } static void blk_add_trace_getrq(void *ignore, struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, int rw) { if (bio) blk_add_trace_bio(q, bio, BLK_TA_GETRQ, 0); else { struct blk_trace *bt; rcu_read_lock(); bt = rcu_dereference(q->blk_trace); if (bt) __blk_add_trace(bt, 0, 0, rw, 0, BLK_TA_GETRQ, 0, 0, NULL, 0); rcu_read_unlock(); } } static void blk_add_trace_sleeprq(void *ignore, struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, int rw) { if (bio) blk_add_trace_bio(q, bio, BLK_TA_SLEEPRQ, 0); else { struct blk_trace *bt; rcu_read_lock(); bt = rcu_dereference(q->blk_trace); if (bt) __blk_add_trace(bt, 0, 0, rw, 0, BLK_TA_SLEEPRQ, 0, 0, NULL, 0); rcu_read_unlock(); } } static void blk_add_trace_plug(void *ignore, struct request_queue *q) { struct blk_trace *bt; rcu_read_lock(); bt = rcu_dereference(q->blk_trace); if (bt) __blk_add_trace(bt, 0, 0, 0, 0, BLK_TA_PLUG, 0, 0, NULL, 0); rcu_read_unlock(); } static void blk_add_trace_unplug(void *ignore, struct request_queue *q, unsigned int depth, bool explicit) { struct blk_trace *bt; rcu_read_lock(); bt = rcu_dereference(q->blk_trace); if (bt) { __be64 rpdu = cpu_to_be64(depth); u32 what; if (explicit) what = BLK_TA_UNPLUG_IO; else what = BLK_TA_UNPLUG_TIMER; __blk_add_trace(bt, 0, 0, 0, 0, what, 0, sizeof(rpdu), &rpdu, 0); } rcu_read_unlock(); } static void blk_add_trace_split(void *ignore, struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, unsigned int pdu) { struct blk_trace *bt; rcu_read_lock(); bt = rcu_dereference(q->blk_trace); if (bt) { __be64 rpdu = cpu_to_be64(pdu); __blk_add_trace(bt, bio->bi_iter.bi_sector, bio->bi_iter.bi_size, bio_op(bio), bio->bi_opf, BLK_TA_SPLIT, blk_status_to_errno(bio->bi_status), sizeof(rpdu), &rpdu, blk_trace_bio_get_cgid(q, bio)); } rcu_read_unlock(); } /** * blk_add_trace_bio_remap - Add a trace for a bio-remap operation * @ignore: trace callback data parameter (not used) * @q: queue the io is for * @bio: the source bio * @dev: target device * @from: source sector * * Description: * Device mapper or raid target sometimes need to split a bio because * it spans a stripe (or similar). Add a trace for that action. * **/ static void blk_add_trace_bio_remap(void *ignore, struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, dev_t dev, sector_t from) { struct blk_trace *bt; struct blk_io_trace_remap r; rcu_read_lock(); bt = rcu_dereference(q->blk_trace); if (likely(!bt)) { rcu_read_unlock(); return; } r.device_from = cpu_to_be32(dev); r.device_to = cpu_to_be32(bio_dev(bio)); r.sector_from = cpu_to_be64(from); __blk_add_trace(bt, bio->bi_iter.bi_sector, bio->bi_iter.bi_size, bio_op(bio), bio->bi_opf, BLK_TA_REMAP, blk_status_to_errno(bio->bi_status), sizeof(r), &r, blk_trace_bio_get_cgid(q, bio)); rcu_read_unlock(); } /** * blk_add_trace_rq_remap - Add a trace for a request-remap operation * @ignore: trace callback data parameter (not used) * @q: queue the io is for * @rq: the source request * @dev: target device * @from: source sector * * Description: * Device mapper remaps request to other devices. * Add a trace for that action. * **/ static void blk_add_trace_rq_remap(void *ignore, struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, dev_t dev, sector_t from) { struct blk_trace *bt; struct blk_io_trace_remap r; rcu_read_lock(); bt = rcu_dereference(q->blk_trace); if (likely(!bt)) { rcu_read_unlock(); return; } r.device_from = cpu_to_be32(dev); r.device_to = cpu_to_be32(disk_devt(rq->rq_disk)); r.sector_from = cpu_to_be64(from); __blk_add_trace(bt, blk_rq_pos(rq), blk_rq_bytes(rq), rq_data_dir(rq), 0, BLK_TA_REMAP, 0, sizeof(r), &r, blk_trace_request_get_cgid(q, rq)); rcu_read_unlock(); } /** * blk_add_driver_data - Add binary message with driver-specific data * @q: queue the io is for * @rq: io request * @data: driver-specific data * @len: length of driver-specific data * * Description: * Some drivers might want to write driver-specific data per request. * **/ void blk_add_driver_data(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, void *data, size_t len) { struct blk_trace *bt; rcu_read_lock(); bt = rcu_dereference(q->blk_trace); if (likely(!bt)) { rcu_read_unlock(); return; } __blk_add_trace(bt, blk_rq_trace_sector(rq), blk_rq_bytes(rq), 0, 0, BLK_TA_DRV_DATA, 0, len, data, blk_trace_request_get_cgid(q, rq)); rcu_read_unlock(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blk_add_driver_data); static void blk_register_tracepoints(void) { int ret; ret = register_trace_block_rq_insert(blk_add_trace_rq_insert, NULL); WARN_ON(ret); ret = register_trace_block_rq_issue(blk_add_trace_rq_issue, NULL); WARN_ON(ret); ret = register_trace_block_rq_merge(blk_add_trace_rq_merge, NULL); WARN_ON(ret); ret = register_trace_block_rq_requeue(blk_add_trace_rq_requeue, NULL); WARN_ON(ret); ret = register_trace_block_rq_complete(blk_add_trace_rq_complete, NULL); WARN_ON(ret); ret = register_trace_block_bio_bounce(blk_add_trace_bio_bounce, NULL); WARN_ON(ret); ret = register_trace_block_bio_complete(blk_add_trace_bio_complete, NULL); WARN_ON(ret); ret = register_trace_block_bio_backmerge(blk_add_trace_bio_backmerge, NULL); WARN_ON(ret); ret = register_trace_block_bio_frontmerge(blk_add_trace_bio_frontmerge, NULL); WARN_ON(ret); ret = register_trace_block_bio_queue(blk_add_trace_bio_queue, NULL); WARN_ON(ret); ret = register_trace_block_getrq(blk_add_trace_getrq, NULL); WARN_ON(ret); ret = register_trace_block_sleeprq(blk_add_trace_sleeprq, NULL); WARN_ON(ret); ret = register_trace_block_plug(blk_add_trace_plug, NULL); WARN_ON(ret); ret = register_trace_block_unplug(blk_add_trace_unplug, NULL); WARN_ON(ret); ret = register_trace_block_split(blk_add_trace_split, NULL); WARN_ON(ret); ret = register_trace_block_bio_remap(blk_add_trace_bio_remap, NULL); WARN_ON(ret); ret = register_trace_block_rq_remap(blk_add_trace_rq_remap, NULL); WARN_ON(ret); } static void blk_unregister_tracepoints(void) { unregister_trace_block_rq_remap(blk_add_trace_rq_remap, NULL); unregister_trace_block_bio_remap(blk_add_trace_bio_remap, NULL); unregister_trace_block_split(blk_add_trace_split, NULL); unregister_trace_block_unplug(blk_add_trace_unplug, NULL); unregister_trace_block_plug(blk_add_trace_plug, NULL); unregister_trace_block_sleeprq(blk_add_trace_sleeprq, NULL); unregister_trace_block_getrq(blk_add_trace_getrq, NULL); unregister_trace_block_bio_queue(blk_add_trace_bio_queue, NULL); unregister_trace_block_bio_frontmerge(blk_add_trace_bio_frontmerge, NULL); unregister_trace_block_bio_backmerge(blk_add_trace_bio_backmerge, NULL); unregister_trace_block_bio_complete(blk_add_trace_bio_complete, NULL); unregister_trace_block_bio_bounce(blk_add_trace_bio_bounce, NULL); unregister_trace_block_rq_complete(blk_add_trace_rq_complete, NULL); unregister_trace_block_rq_requeue(blk_add_trace_rq_requeue, NULL); unregister_trace_block_rq_merge(blk_add_trace_rq_merge, NULL); unregister_trace_block_rq_issue(blk_add_trace_rq_issue, NULL); unregister_trace_block_rq_insert(blk_add_trace_rq_insert, NULL); tracepoint_synchronize_unregister(); } /* * struct blk_io_tracer formatting routines */ static void fill_rwbs(char *rwbs, const struct blk_io_trace *t) { int i = 0; int tc = t->action >> BLK_TC_SHIFT; if ((t->action & ~__BLK_TN_CGROUP) == BLK_TN_MESSAGE) { rwbs[i++] = 'N'; goto out; } if (tc & BLK_TC_FLUSH) rwbs[i++] = 'F'; if (tc & BLK_TC_DISCARD) rwbs[i++] = 'D'; else if (tc & BLK_TC_WRITE) rwbs[i++] = 'W'; else if (t->bytes) rwbs[i++] = 'R'; else rwbs[i++] = 'N'; if (tc & BLK_TC_FUA) rwbs[i++] = 'F'; if (tc & BLK_TC_AHEAD) rwbs[i++] = 'A'; if (tc & BLK_TC_SYNC) rwbs[i++] = 'S'; if (tc & BLK_TC_META) rwbs[i++] = 'M'; out: rwbs[i] = '\0'; } static inline const struct blk_io_trace *te_blk_io_trace(const struct trace_entry *ent) { return (const struct blk_io_trace *)ent; } static inline const void *pdu_start(const struct trace_entry *ent, bool has_cg) { return (void *)(te_blk_io_trace(ent) + 1) + (has_cg ? sizeof(u64) : 0); } static inline u64 t_cgid(const struct trace_entry *ent) { return *(u64 *)(te_blk_io_trace(ent) + 1); } static inline int pdu_real_len(const struct trace_entry *ent, bool has_cg) { return te_blk_io_trace(ent)->pdu_len - (has_cg ? sizeof(u64) : 0); } static inline u32 t_action(const struct trace_entry *ent) { return te_blk_io_trace(ent)->action; } static inline u32 t_bytes(const struct trace_entry *ent) { return te_blk_io_trace(ent)->bytes; } static inline u32 t_sec(const struct trace_entry *ent) { return te_blk_io_trace(ent)->bytes >> 9; } static inline unsigned long long t_sector(const struct trace_entry *ent) { return te_blk_io_trace(ent)->sector; } static inline __u16 t_error(const struct trace_entry *ent) { return te_blk_io_trace(ent)->error; } static __u64 get_pdu_int(const struct trace_entry *ent, bool has_cg) { const __be64 *val = pdu_start(ent, has_cg); return be64_to_cpu(*val); } typedef void (blk_log_action_t) (struct trace_iterator *iter, const char *act, bool has_cg); static void blk_log_action_classic(struct trace_iterator *iter, const char *act, bool has_cg) { char rwbs[RWBS_LEN]; unsigned long long ts = iter->ts; unsigned long nsec_rem = do_div(ts, NSEC_PER_SEC); unsigned secs = (unsigned long)ts; const struct blk_io_trace *t = te_blk_io_trace(iter->ent); fill_rwbs(rwbs, t); trace_seq_printf(&iter->seq, "%3d,%-3d %2d %5d.%09lu %5u %2s %3s ", MAJOR(t->device), MINOR(t->device), iter->cpu, secs, nsec_rem, iter->ent->pid, act, rwbs); } static void blk_log_action(struct trace_iterator *iter, const char *act, bool has_cg) { char rwbs[RWBS_LEN]; const struct blk_io_trace *t = te_blk_io_trace(iter->ent); fill_rwbs(rwbs, t); if (has_cg) { u64 id = t_cgid(iter->ent); if (blk_tracer_flags.val & TRACE_BLK_OPT_CGNAME) { char blkcg_name_buf[NAME_MAX + 1] = "<...>"; cgroup_path_from_kernfs_id(id, blkcg_name_buf, sizeof(blkcg_name_buf)); trace_seq_printf(&iter->seq, "%3d,%-3d %s %2s %3s ", MAJOR(t->device), MINOR(t->device), blkcg_name_buf, act, rwbs); } else { /* * The cgid portion used to be "INO,GEN". Userland * builds a FILEID_INO32_GEN fid out of them and * opens the cgroup using open_by_handle_at(2). * While 32bit ino setups are still the same, 64bit * ones now use the 64bit ino as the whole ID and * no longer use generation. * * Regarldess of the content, always output * "LOW32,HIGH32" so that FILEID_INO32_GEN fid can * be mapped back to @id on both 64 and 32bit ino * setups. See __kernfs_fh_to_dentry(). */ trace_seq_printf(&iter->seq, "%3d,%-3d %llx,%-llx %2s %3s ", MAJOR(t->device), MINOR(t->device), id & U32_MAX, id >> 32, act, rwbs); } } else trace_seq_printf(&iter->seq, "%3d,%-3d %2s %3s ", MAJOR(t->device), MINOR(t->device), act, rwbs); } static void blk_log_dump_pdu(struct trace_seq *s, const struct trace_entry *ent, bool has_cg) { const unsigned char *pdu_buf; int pdu_len; int i, end; pdu_buf = pdu_start(ent, has_cg); pdu_len = pdu_real_len(ent, has_cg); if (!pdu_len) return; /* find the last zero that needs to be printed */ for (end = pdu_len - 1; end >= 0; end--) if (pdu_buf[end]) break; end++; trace_seq_putc(s, '('); for (i = 0; i < pdu_len; i++) { trace_seq_printf(s, "%s%02x", i == 0 ? "" : " ", pdu_buf[i]); /* * stop when the rest is just zeroes and indicate so * with a ".." appended */ if (i == end && end != pdu_len - 1) { trace_seq_puts(s, " ..) "); return; } } trace_seq_puts(s, ") "); } static void blk_log_generic(struct trace_seq *s, const struct trace_entry *ent, bool has_cg) { char cmd[TASK_COMM_LEN]; trace_find_cmdline(ent->pid, cmd); if (t_action(ent) & BLK_TC_ACT(BLK_TC_PC)) { trace_seq_printf(s, "%u ", t_bytes(ent)); blk_log_dump_pdu(s, ent, has_cg); trace_seq_printf(s, "[%s]\n", cmd); } else { if (t_sec(ent)) trace_seq_printf(s, "%llu + %u [%s]\n", t_sector(ent), t_sec(ent), cmd); else trace_seq_printf(s, "[%s]\n", cmd); } } static void blk_log_with_error(struct trace_seq *s, const struct trace_entry *ent, bool has_cg) { if (t_action(ent) & BLK_TC_ACT(BLK_TC_PC)) { blk_log_dump_pdu(s, ent, has_cg); trace_seq_printf(s, "[%d]\n", t_error(ent)); } else { if (t_sec(ent)) trace_seq_printf(s, "%llu + %u [%d]\n", t_sector(ent), t_sec(ent), t_error(ent)); else trace_seq_printf(s, "%llu [%d]\n", t_sector(ent), t_error(ent)); } } static void blk_log_remap(struct trace_seq *s, const struct trace_entry *ent, bool has_cg) { const struct blk_io_trace_remap *__r = pdu_start(ent, has_cg); trace_seq_printf(s, "%llu + %u <- (%d,%d) %llu\n", t_sector(ent), t_sec(ent), MAJOR(be32_to_cpu(__r->device_from)), MINOR(be32_to_cpu(__r->device_from)), be64_to_cpu(__r->sector_from)); } static void blk_log_plug(struct trace_seq *s, const struct trace_entry *ent, bool has_cg) { char cmd[TASK_COMM_LEN]; trace_find_cmdline(ent->pid, cmd); trace_seq_printf(s, "[%s]\n", cmd); } static void blk_log_unplug(struct trace_seq *s, const struct trace_entry *ent, bool has_cg) { char cmd[TASK_COMM_LEN]; trace_find_cmdline(ent->pid, cmd); trace_seq_printf(s, "[%s] %llu\n", cmd, get_pdu_int(ent, has_cg)); } static void blk_log_split(struct trace_seq *s, const struct trace_entry *ent, bool has_cg) { char cmd[TASK_COMM_LEN]; trace_find_cmdline(ent->pid, cmd); trace_seq_printf(s, "%llu / %llu [%s]\n", t_sector(ent), get_pdu_int(ent, has_cg), cmd); } static void blk_log_msg(struct trace_seq *s, const struct trace_entry *ent, bool has_cg) { trace_seq_putmem(s, pdu_start(ent, has_cg), pdu_real_len(ent, has_cg)); trace_seq_putc(s, '\n'); } /* * struct tracer operations */ static void blk_tracer_print_header(struct seq_file *m) { if (!(blk_tracer_flags.val & TRACE_BLK_OPT_CLASSIC)) return; seq_puts(m, "# DEV CPU TIMESTAMP PID ACT FLG\n" "# | | | | | |\n"); } static void blk_tracer_start(struct trace_array *tr) { blk_tracer_enabled = true; } static int blk_tracer_init(struct trace_array *tr) { blk_tr = tr; blk_tracer_start(tr); return 0; } static void blk_tracer_stop(struct trace_array *tr) { blk_tracer_enabled = false; } static void blk_tracer_reset(struct trace_array *tr) { blk_tracer_stop(tr); } static const struct { const char *act[2]; void (*print)(struct trace_seq *s, const struct trace_entry *ent, bool has_cg); } what2act[] = { [__BLK_TA_QUEUE] = {{ "Q", "queue" }, blk_log_generic }, [__BLK_TA_BACKMERGE] = {{ "M", "backmerge" }, blk_log_generic }, [__BLK_TA_FRONTMERGE] = {{ "F", "frontmerge" }, blk_log_generic }, [__BLK_TA_GETRQ] = {{ "G", "getrq" }, blk_log_generic }, [__BLK_TA_SLEEPRQ] = {{ "S", "sleeprq" }, blk_log_generic }, [__BLK_TA_REQUEUE] = {{ "R", "requeue" }, blk_log_with_error }, [__BLK_TA_ISSUE] = {{ "D", "issue" }, blk_log_generic }, [__BLK_TA_COMPLETE] = {{ "C", "complete" }, blk_log_with_error }, [__BLK_TA_PLUG] = {{ "P", "plug" }, blk_log_plug }, [__BLK_TA_UNPLUG_IO] = {{ "U", "unplug_io" }, blk_log_unplug }, [__BLK_TA_UNPLUG_TIMER] = {{ "UT", "unplug_timer" }, blk_log_unplug }, [__BLK_TA_INSERT] = {{ "I", "insert" }, blk_log_generic }, [__BLK_TA_SPLIT] = {{ "X", "split" }, blk_log_split }, [__BLK_TA_BOUNCE] = {{ "B", "bounce" }, blk_log_generic }, [__BLK_TA_REMAP] = {{ "A", "remap" }, blk_log_remap }, }; static enum print_line_t print_one_line(struct trace_iterator *iter, bool classic) { struct trace_array *tr = iter->tr; struct trace_seq *s = &iter->seq; const struct blk_io_trace *t; u16 what; bool long_act; blk_log_action_t *log_action; bool has_cg; t = te_blk_io_trace(iter->ent); what = (t->action & ((1 << BLK_TC_SHIFT) - 1)) & ~__BLK_TA_CGROUP; long_act = !!(tr->trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_VERBOSE); log_action = classic ? &blk_log_action_classic : &blk_log_action; has_cg = t->action & __BLK_TA_CGROUP; if ((t->action & ~__BLK_TN_CGROUP) == BLK_TN_MESSAGE) { log_action(iter, long_act ? "message" : "m", has_cg); blk_log_msg(s, iter->ent, has_cg); return trace_handle_return(s); } if (unlikely(what == 0 || what >= ARRAY_SIZE(what2act))) trace_seq_printf(s, "Unknown action %x\n", what); else { log_action(iter, what2act[what].act[long_act], has_cg); what2act[what].print(s, iter->ent, has_cg); } return trace_handle_return(s); } static enum print_line_t blk_trace_event_print(struct trace_iterator *iter, int flags, struct trace_event *event) { return print_one_line(iter, false); } static void blk_trace_synthesize_old_trace(struct trace_iterator *iter) { struct trace_seq *s = &iter->seq; struct blk_io_trace *t = (struct blk_io_trace *)iter->ent; const int offset = offsetof(struct blk_io_trace, sector); struct blk_io_trace old = { .magic = BLK_IO_TRACE_MAGIC | BLK_IO_TRACE_VERSION, .time = iter->ts, }; trace_seq_putmem(s, &old, offset); trace_seq_putmem(s, &t->sector, sizeof(old) - offset + t->pdu_len); } static enum print_line_t blk_trace_event_print_binary(struct trace_iterator *iter, int flags, struct trace_event *event) { blk_trace_synthesize_old_trace(iter); return trace_handle_return(&iter->seq); } static enum print_line_t blk_tracer_print_line(struct trace_iterator *iter) { if (!(blk_tracer_flags.val & TRACE_BLK_OPT_CLASSIC)) return TRACE_TYPE_UNHANDLED; return print_one_line(iter, true); } static int blk_tracer_set_flag(struct trace_array *tr, u32 old_flags, u32 bit, int set) { /* don't output context-info for blk_classic output */ if (bit == TRACE_BLK_OPT_CLASSIC) { if (set) tr->trace_flags &= ~TRACE_ITER_CONTEXT_INFO; else tr->trace_flags |= TRACE_ITER_CONTEXT_INFO; } return 0; } static struct tracer blk_tracer __read_mostly = { .name = "blk", .init = blk_tracer_init, .reset = blk_tracer_reset, .start = blk_tracer_start, .stop = blk_tracer_stop, .print_header = blk_tracer_print_header, .print_line = blk_tracer_print_line, .flags = &blk_tracer_flags, .set_flag = blk_tracer_set_flag, }; static struct trace_event_functions trace_blk_event_funcs = { .trace = blk_trace_event_print, .binary = blk_trace_event_print_binary, }; static struct trace_event trace_blk_event = { .type = TRACE_BLK, .funcs = &trace_blk_event_funcs, }; static int __init init_blk_tracer(void) { if (!register_trace_event(&trace_blk_event)) { pr_warn("Warning: could not register block events\n"); return 1; } if (register_tracer(&blk_tracer) != 0) { pr_warn("Warning: could not register the block tracer\n"); unregister_trace_event(&trace_blk_event); return 1; } return 0; } device_initcall(init_blk_tracer); static int blk_trace_remove_queue(struct request_queue *q) { struct blk_trace *bt; bt = rcu_replace_pointer(q->blk_trace, NULL, lockdep_is_held(&q->debugfs_mutex)); if (bt == NULL) return -EINVAL; if (bt->trace_state == Blktrace_running) { bt->trace_state = Blktrace_stopped; spin_lock_irq(&running_trace_lock); list_del_init(&bt->running_list); spin_unlock_irq(&running_trace_lock); relay_flush(bt->rchan); } put_probe_ref(); synchronize_rcu(); blk_trace_free(bt); return 0; } /* * Setup everything required to start tracing */ static int blk_trace_setup_queue(struct request_queue *q, struct block_device *bdev) { struct blk_trace *bt = NULL; int ret = -ENOMEM; bt = kzalloc(sizeof(*bt), GFP_KERNEL); if (!bt) return -ENOMEM; bt->msg_data = __alloc_percpu(BLK_TN_MAX_MSG, __alignof__(char)); if (!bt->msg_data) goto free_bt; bt->dev = bdev->bd_dev; bt->act_mask = (u16)-1; blk_trace_setup_lba(bt, bdev); rcu_assign_pointer(q->blk_trace, bt); get_probe_ref(); return 0; free_bt: blk_trace_free(bt); return ret; } /* * sysfs interface to enable and configure tracing */ static ssize_t sysfs_blk_trace_attr_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); static ssize_t sysfs_blk_trace_attr_store(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count); #define BLK_TRACE_DEVICE_ATTR(_name) \ DEVICE_ATTR(_name, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR, \ sysfs_blk_trace_attr_show, \ sysfs_blk_trace_attr_store) static BLK_TRACE_DEVICE_ATTR(enable); static BLK_TRACE_DEVICE_ATTR(act_mask); static BLK_TRACE_DEVICE_ATTR(pid); static BLK_TRACE_DEVICE_ATTR(start_lba); static BLK_TRACE_DEVICE_ATTR(end_lba); static struct attribute *blk_trace_attrs[] = { &dev_attr_enable.attr, &dev_attr_act_mask.attr, &dev_attr_pid.attr, &dev_attr_start_lba.attr, &dev_attr_end_lba.attr, NULL }; struct attribute_group blk_trace_attr_group = { .name = "trace", .attrs = blk_trace_attrs, }; static const struct { int mask; const char *str; } mask_maps[] = { { BLK_TC_READ, "read" }, { BLK_TC_WRITE, "write" }, { BLK_TC_FLUSH, "flush" }, { BLK_TC_SYNC, "sync" }, { BLK_TC_QUEUE, "queue" }, { BLK_TC_REQUEUE, "requeue" }, { BLK_TC_ISSUE, "issue" }, { BLK_TC_COMPLETE, "complete" }, { BLK_TC_FS, "fs" }, { BLK_TC_PC, "pc" }, { BLK_TC_NOTIFY, "notify" }, { BLK_TC_AHEAD, "ahead" }, { BLK_TC_META, "meta" }, { BLK_TC_DISCARD, "discard" }, { BLK_TC_DRV_DATA, "drv_data" }, { BLK_TC_FUA, "fua" }, }; static int blk_trace_str2mask(const char *str) { int i; int mask = 0; char *buf, *s, *token; buf = kstrdup(str, GFP_KERNEL); if (buf == NULL) return -ENOMEM; s = strstrip(buf); while (1) { token = strsep(&s, ","); if (token == NULL) break; if (*token == '\0') continue; for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(mask_maps); i++) { if (strcasecmp(token, mask_maps[i].str) == 0) { mask |= mask_maps[i].mask; break; } } if (i == ARRAY_SIZE(mask_maps)) { mask = -EINVAL; break; } } kfree(buf); return mask; } static ssize_t blk_trace_mask2str(char *buf, int mask) { int i; char *p = buf; for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(mask_maps); i++) { if (mask & mask_maps[i].mask) { p += sprintf(p, "%s%s", (p == buf) ? "" : ",", mask_maps[i].str); } } *p++ = '\n'; return p - buf; } static struct request_queue *blk_trace_get_queue(struct block_device *bdev) { if (bdev->bd_disk == NULL) return NULL; return bdev_get_queue(bdev); } static ssize_t sysfs_blk_trace_attr_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf) { struct block_device *bdev = bdget_part(dev_to_part(dev)); struct request_queue *q; struct blk_trace *bt; ssize_t ret = -ENXIO; if (bdev == NULL) goto out; q = blk_trace_get_queue(bdev); if (q == NULL) goto out_bdput; mutex_lock(&q->debugfs_mutex); bt = rcu_dereference_protected(q->blk_trace, lockdep_is_held(&q->debugfs_mutex)); if (attr == &dev_attr_enable) { ret = sprintf(buf, "%u\n", !!bt); goto out_unlock_bdev; } if (bt == NULL) ret = sprintf(buf, "disabled\n"); else if (attr == &dev_attr_act_mask) ret = blk_trace_mask2str(buf, bt->act_mask); else if (attr == &dev_attr_pid) ret = sprintf(buf, "%u\n", bt->pid); else if (attr == &dev_attr_start_lba) ret = sprintf(buf, "%llu\n", bt->start_lba); else if (attr == &dev_attr_end_lba) ret = sprintf(buf, "%llu\n", bt->end_lba); out_unlock_bdev: mutex_unlock(&q->debugfs_mutex); out_bdput: bdput(bdev); out: return ret; } static ssize_t sysfs_blk_trace_attr_store(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count) { struct block_device *bdev; struct request_queue *q; struct blk_trace *bt; u64 value; ssize_t ret = -EINVAL; if (count == 0) goto out; if (attr == &dev_attr_act_mask) { if (kstrtoull(buf, 0, &value)) { /* Assume it is a list of trace category names */ ret = blk_trace_str2mask(buf); if (ret < 0) goto out; value = ret; } } else if (kstrtoull(buf, 0, &value)) goto out; ret = -ENXIO; bdev = bdget_part(dev_to_part(dev)); if (bdev == NULL) goto out; q = blk_trace_get_queue(bdev); if (q == NULL) goto out_bdput; mutex_lock(&q->debugfs_mutex); bt = rcu_dereference_protected(q->blk_trace, lockdep_is_held(&q->debugfs_mutex)); if (attr == &dev_attr_enable) { if (!!value == !!bt) { ret = 0; goto out_unlock_bdev; } if (value) ret = blk_trace_setup_queue(q, bdev); else ret = blk_trace_remove_queue(q); goto out_unlock_bdev; } ret = 0; if (bt == NULL) { ret = blk_trace_setup_queue(q, bdev); bt = rcu_dereference_protected(q->blk_trace, lockdep_is_held(&q->debugfs_mutex)); } if (ret == 0) { if (attr == &dev_attr_act_mask) bt->act_mask = value; else if (attr == &dev_attr_pid) bt->pid = value; else if (attr == &dev_attr_start_lba) bt->start_lba = value; else if (attr == &dev_attr_end_lba) bt->end_lba = value; } out_unlock_bdev: mutex_unlock(&q->debugfs_mutex); out_bdput: bdput(bdev); out: return ret ? ret : count; } int blk_trace_init_sysfs(struct device *dev) { return sysfs_create_group(&dev->kobj, &blk_trace_attr_group); } void blk_trace_remove_sysfs(struct device *dev) { sysfs_remove_group(&dev->kobj, &blk_trace_attr_group); } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_IO_TRACE */ #ifdef CONFIG_EVENT_TRACING void blk_fill_rwbs(char *rwbs, unsigned int op, int bytes) { int i = 0; if (op & REQ_PREFLUSH) rwbs[i++] = 'F'; switch (op & REQ_OP_MASK) { case REQ_OP_WRITE: case REQ_OP_WRITE_SAME: rwbs[i++] = 'W'; break; case REQ_OP_DISCARD: rwbs[i++] = 'D'; break; case REQ_OP_SECURE_ERASE: rwbs[i++] = 'D'; rwbs[i++] = 'E'; break; case REQ_OP_FLUSH: rwbs[i++] = 'F'; break; case REQ_OP_READ: rwbs[i++] = 'R'; break; default: rwbs[i++] = 'N'; } if (op & REQ_FUA) rwbs[i++] = 'F'; if (op & REQ_RAHEAD) rwbs[i++] = 'A'; if (op & REQ_SYNC) rwbs[i++] = 'S'; if (op & REQ_META) rwbs[i++] = 'M'; rwbs[i] = '\0'; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blk_fill_rwbs); #endif /* CONFIG_EVENT_TRACING */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_LOCAL_H #define _ASM_X86_LOCAL_H #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <asm/asm.h> typedef struct { atomic_long_t a; } local_t; #define LOCAL_INIT(i) { ATOMIC_LONG_INIT(i) } #define local_read(l) atomic_long_read(&(l)->a) #define local_set(l, i) atomic_long_set(&(l)->a, (i)) static inline void local_inc(local_t *l) { asm volatile(_ASM_INC "%0" : "+m" (l->a.counter)); } static inline void local_dec(local_t *l) { asm volatile(_ASM_DEC "%0" : "+m" (l->a.counter)); } static inline void local_add(long i, local_t *l) { asm volatile(_ASM_ADD "%1,%0" : "+m" (l->a.counter) : "ir" (i)); } static inline void local_sub(long i, local_t *l) { asm volatile(_ASM_SUB "%1,%0" : "+m" (l->a.counter) : "ir" (i)); } /** * local_sub_and_test - subtract value from variable and test result * @i: integer value to subtract * @l: pointer to type local_t * * Atomically subtracts @i from @l and returns * true if the result is zero, or false for all * other cases. */ static inline bool local_sub_and_test(long i, local_t *l) { return GEN_BINARY_RMWcc(_ASM_SUB, l->a.counter, e, "er", i); } /** * local_dec_and_test - decrement and test * @l: pointer to type local_t * * Atomically decrements @l by 1 and * returns true if the result is 0, or false for all other * cases. */ static inline bool local_dec_and_test(local_t *l) { return GEN_UNARY_RMWcc(_ASM_DEC, l->a.counter, e); } /** * local_inc_and_test - increment and test * @l: pointer to type local_t * * Atomically increments @l by 1 * and returns true if the result is zero, or false for all * other cases. */ static inline bool local_inc_and_test(local_t *l) { return GEN_UNARY_RMWcc(_ASM_INC, l->a.counter, e); } /** * local_add_negative - add and test if negative * @i: integer value to add * @l: pointer to type local_t * * Atomically adds @i to @l and returns true * if the result is negative, or false when * result is greater than or equal to zero. */ static inline bool local_add_negative(long i, local_t *l) { return GEN_BINARY_RMWcc(_ASM_ADD, l->a.counter, s, "er", i); } /** * local_add_return - add and return * @i: integer value to add * @l: pointer to type local_t * * Atomically adds @i to @l and returns @i + @l */ static inline long local_add_return(long i, local_t *l) { long __i = i; asm volatile(_ASM_XADD "%0, %1;" : "+r" (i), "+m" (l->a.counter) : : "memory"); return i + __i; } static inline long local_sub_return(long i, local_t *l) { return local_add_return(-i, l); } #define local_inc_return(l) (local_add_return(1, l)) #define local_dec_return(l) (local_sub_return(1, l)) #define local_cmpxchg(l, o, n) \ (cmpxchg_local(&((l)->a.counter), (o), (n))) /* Always has a lock prefix */ #define local_xchg(l, n) (xchg(&((l)->a.counter), (n))) /** * local_add_unless - add unless the number is a given value * @l: pointer of type local_t * @a: the amount to add to l... * @u: ...unless l is equal to u. * * Atomically adds @a to @l, so long as it was not @u. * Returns non-zero if @l was not @u, and zero otherwise. */ #define local_add_unless(l, a, u) \ ({ \ long c, old; \ c = local_read((l)); \ for (;;) { \ if (unlikely(c == (u))) \ break; \ old = local_cmpxchg((l), c, c + (a)); \ if (likely(old == c)) \ break; \ c = old; \ } \ c != (u); \ }) #define local_inc_not_zero(l) local_add_unless((l), 1, 0) /* On x86_32, these are no better than the atomic variants. * On x86-64 these are better than the atomic variants on SMP kernels * because they dont use a lock prefix. */ #define __local_inc(l) local_inc(l) #define __local_dec(l) local_dec(l) #define __local_add(i, l) local_add((i), (l)) #define __local_sub(i, l) local_sub((i), (l)) #endif /* _ASM_X86_LOCAL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES_H #define _NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES_H #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_zones_common.h> #include <net/netfilter/nf_conntrack.h> static inline const struct nf_conntrack_zone * nf_ct_zone(const struct nf_conn *ct) { #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES return &ct->zone; #else return &nf_ct_zone_dflt; #endif } static inline const struct nf_conntrack_zone * nf_ct_zone_init(struct nf_conntrack_zone *zone, u16 id, u8 dir, u8 flags) { zone->id = id; zone->flags = flags; zone->dir = dir; return zone; } static inline const struct nf_conntrack_zone * nf_ct_zone_tmpl(const struct nf_conn *tmpl, const struct sk_buff *skb, struct nf_conntrack_zone *tmp) { #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES if (!tmpl) return &nf_ct_zone_dflt; if (tmpl->zone.flags & NF_CT_FLAG_MARK) return nf_ct_zone_init(tmp, skb->mark, tmpl->zone.dir, 0); #endif return nf_ct_zone(tmpl); } static inline void nf_ct_zone_add(struct nf_conn *ct, const struct nf_conntrack_zone *zone) { #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES ct->zone = *zone; #endif } static inline bool nf_ct_zone_matches_dir(const struct nf_conntrack_zone *zone, enum ip_conntrack_dir dir) { return zone->dir & (1 << dir); } static inline u16 nf_ct_zone_id(const struct nf_conntrack_zone *zone, enum ip_conntrack_dir dir) { #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES return nf_ct_zone_matches_dir(zone, dir) ? zone->id : NF_CT_DEFAULT_ZONE_ID; #else return NF_CT_DEFAULT_ZONE_ID; #endif } static inline bool nf_ct_zone_equal(const struct nf_conn *a, const struct nf_conntrack_zone *b, enum ip_conntrack_dir dir) { #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES return nf_ct_zone_id(nf_ct_zone(a), dir) == nf_ct_zone_id(b, dir); #else return true; #endif } static inline bool nf_ct_zone_equal_any(const struct nf_conn *a, const struct nf_conntrack_zone *b) { #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES return nf_ct_zone(a)->id == b->id; #else return true; #endif } #endif /* _NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* Based on net/wireless/trace.h */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM cfg802154 #if !defined(__RDEV_CFG802154_OPS_TRACE) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define __RDEV_CFG802154_OPS_TRACE #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <net/cfg802154.h> #define MAXNAME 32 #define WPAN_PHY_ENTRY __array(char, wpan_phy_name, MAXNAME) #define WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN strlcpy(__entry->wpan_phy_name, \ wpan_phy_name(wpan_phy), \ MAXNAME) #define WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT "%s" #define WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG __entry->wpan_phy_name #define WPAN_DEV_ENTRY __field(u32, identifier) #define WPAN_DEV_ASSIGN (__entry->identifier) = (!IS_ERR_OR_NULL(wpan_dev) \ ? wpan_dev->identifier : 0) #define WPAN_DEV_PR_FMT "wpan_dev(%u)" #define WPAN_DEV_PR_ARG (__entry->identifier) #define WPAN_CCA_ENTRY __field(enum nl802154_cca_modes, cca_mode) \ __field(enum nl802154_cca_opts, cca_opt) #define WPAN_CCA_ASSIGN \ do { \ (__entry->cca_mode) = cca->mode; \ (__entry->cca_opt) = cca->opt; \ } while (0) #define WPAN_CCA_PR_FMT "cca_mode: %d, cca_opt: %d" #define WPAN_CCA_PR_ARG __entry->cca_mode, __entry->cca_opt #define BOOL_TO_STR(bo) (bo) ? "true" : "false" /************************************************************* * rdev->ops traces * *************************************************************/ DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(wpan_phy_only_evt, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT, WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG) ); DEFINE_EVENT(wpan_phy_only_evt, 802154_rdev_suspend, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy) ); DEFINE_EVENT(wpan_phy_only_evt, 802154_rdev_resume, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy) ); TRACE_EVENT(802154_rdev_add_virtual_intf, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, char *name, enum nl802154_iftype type, __le64 extended_addr), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, name, type, extended_addr), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY __string(vir_intf_name, name ? name : "<noname>") __field(enum nl802154_iftype, type) __field(__le64, extended_addr) ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; __assign_str(vir_intf_name, name ? name : "<noname>"); __entry->type = type; __entry->extended_addr = extended_addr; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", virtual intf name: %s, type: %d, extended addr: 0x%llx", WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, __get_str(vir_intf_name), __entry->type, __le64_to_cpu(__entry->extended_addr)) ); TRACE_EVENT(802154_rdev_del_virtual_intf, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, wpan_dev), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY WPAN_DEV_ENTRY ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; WPAN_DEV_ASSIGN; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", " WPAN_DEV_PR_FMT, WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, WPAN_DEV_PR_ARG) ); TRACE_EVENT(802154_rdev_set_channel, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, u8 page, u8 channel), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, page, channel), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY __field(u8, page) __field(u8, channel) ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; __entry->page = page; __entry->channel = channel; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", page: %d, channel: %d", WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, __entry->page, __entry->channel) ); TRACE_EVENT(802154_rdev_set_tx_power, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, s32 power), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, power), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY __field(s32, power) ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; __entry->power = power; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", mbm: %d", WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, __entry->power) ); TRACE_EVENT(802154_rdev_set_cca_mode, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, const struct wpan_phy_cca *cca), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, cca), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY WPAN_CCA_ENTRY ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; WPAN_CCA_ASSIGN; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", " WPAN_CCA_PR_FMT, WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, WPAN_CCA_PR_ARG) ); TRACE_EVENT(802154_rdev_set_cca_ed_level, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, s32 ed_level), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, ed_level), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY __field(s32, ed_level) ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; __entry->ed_level = ed_level; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", ed level: %d", WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, __entry->ed_level) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(802154_le16_template, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, __le16 le16arg), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, wpan_dev, le16arg), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY WPAN_DEV_ENTRY __field(__le16, le16arg) ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; WPAN_DEV_ASSIGN; __entry->le16arg = le16arg; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", " WPAN_DEV_PR_FMT ", pan id: 0x%04x", WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, WPAN_DEV_PR_ARG, __le16_to_cpu(__entry->le16arg)) ); DEFINE_EVENT(802154_le16_template, 802154_rdev_set_pan_id, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, __le16 le16arg), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, wpan_dev, le16arg) ); DEFINE_EVENT_PRINT(802154_le16_template, 802154_rdev_set_short_addr, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, __le16 le16arg), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, wpan_dev, le16arg), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", " WPAN_DEV_PR_FMT ", short addr: 0x%04x", WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, WPAN_DEV_PR_ARG, __le16_to_cpu(__entry->le16arg)) ); TRACE_EVENT(802154_rdev_set_backoff_exponent, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, u8 min_be, u8 max_be), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, wpan_dev, min_be, max_be), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY WPAN_DEV_ENTRY __field(u8, min_be) __field(u8, max_be) ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; WPAN_DEV_ASSIGN; __entry->min_be = min_be; __entry->max_be = max_be; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", " WPAN_DEV_PR_FMT ", min be: %d, max be: %d", WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, WPAN_DEV_PR_ARG, __entry->min_be, __entry->max_be) ); TRACE_EVENT(802154_rdev_set_csma_backoffs, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, u8 max_csma_backoffs), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, wpan_dev, max_csma_backoffs), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY WPAN_DEV_ENTRY __field(u8, max_csma_backoffs) ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; WPAN_DEV_ASSIGN; __entry->max_csma_backoffs = max_csma_backoffs; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", " WPAN_DEV_PR_FMT ", max csma backoffs: %d", WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, WPAN_DEV_PR_ARG, __entry->max_csma_backoffs) ); TRACE_EVENT(802154_rdev_set_max_frame_retries, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, s8 max_frame_retries), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, wpan_dev, max_frame_retries), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY WPAN_DEV_ENTRY __field(s8, max_frame_retries) ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; WPAN_DEV_ASSIGN; __entry->max_frame_retries = max_frame_retries; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", " WPAN_DEV_PR_FMT ", max frame retries: %d", WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, WPAN_DEV_PR_ARG, __entry->max_frame_retries) ); TRACE_EVENT(802154_rdev_set_lbt_mode, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, bool mode), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, wpan_dev, mode), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY WPAN_DEV_ENTRY __field(bool, mode) ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; WPAN_DEV_ASSIGN; __entry->mode = mode; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", " WPAN_DEV_PR_FMT ", lbt mode: %s", WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, WPAN_DEV_PR_ARG, BOOL_TO_STR(__entry->mode)) ); TRACE_EVENT(802154_rdev_set_ackreq_default, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, bool ackreq), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, wpan_dev, ackreq), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY WPAN_DEV_ENTRY __field(bool, ackreq) ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; WPAN_DEV_ASSIGN; __entry->ackreq = ackreq; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", " WPAN_DEV_PR_FMT ", ackreq default: %s", WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, WPAN_DEV_PR_ARG, BOOL_TO_STR(__entry->ackreq)) ); TRACE_EVENT(802154_rdev_return_int, TP_PROTO(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy, int ret), TP_ARGS(wpan_phy, ret), TP_STRUCT__entry( WPAN_PHY_ENTRY __field(int, ret) ), TP_fast_assign( WPAN_PHY_ASSIGN; __entry->ret = ret; ), TP_printk(WPAN_PHY_PR_FMT ", returned: %d", WPAN_PHY_PR_ARG, __entry->ret) ); #endif /* !__RDEV_CFG802154_OPS_TRACE || TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ */ #undef TRACE_INCLUDE_PATH #define TRACE_INCLUDE_PATH . #undef TRACE_INCLUDE_FILE #define TRACE_INCLUDE_FILE trace #include <trace/define_trace.h>
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* Copyright (C) 2008-2011, Red Hat, Inc., Peter Zijlstra * * Data type definitions, declarations, prototypes. * * Started by: Thomas Gleixner and Ingo Molnar * * For licencing details see kernel-base/COPYING */ #ifndef _LINUX_PERF_EVENT_H #define _LINUX_PERF_EVENT_H #include <uapi/linux/perf_event.h> #include <uapi/linux/bpf_perf_event.h> /* * Kernel-internal data types and definitions: */ #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS # include <asm/perf_event.h> # include <asm/local64.h> #endif struct perf_guest_info_callbacks { int (*is_in_guest)(void); int (*is_user_mode)(void); unsigned long (*get_guest_ip)(void); void (*handle_intel_pt_intr)(void); }; #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_HW_BREAKPOINT #include <asm/hw_breakpoint.h> #endif #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/rculist.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/hrtimer.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/pid_namespace.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/ftrace.h> #include <linux/cpu.h> #include <linux/irq_work.h> #include <linux/static_key.h> #include <linux/jump_label_ratelimit.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/sysfs.h> #include <linux/perf_regs.h> #include <linux/cgroup.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <asm/local.h> struct perf_callchain_entry { __u64 nr; __u64 ip[]; /* /proc/sys/kernel/perf_event_max_stack */ }; struct perf_callchain_entry_ctx { struct perf_callchain_entry *entry; u32 max_stack; u32 nr; short contexts; bool contexts_maxed; }; typedef unsigned long (*perf_copy_f)(void *dst, const void *src, unsigned long off, unsigned long len); struct perf_raw_frag { union { struct perf_raw_frag *next; unsigned long pad; }; perf_copy_f copy; void *data; u32 size; } __packed; struct perf_raw_record { struct perf_raw_frag frag; u32 size; }; /* * branch stack layout: * nr: number of taken branches stored in entries[] * hw_idx: The low level index of raw branch records * for the most recent branch. * -1ULL means invalid/unknown. * * Note that nr can vary from sample to sample * branches (to, from) are stored from most recent * to least recent, i.e., entries[0] contains the most * recent branch. * The entries[] is an abstraction of raw branch records, * which may not be stored in age order in HW, e.g. Intel LBR. * The hw_idx is to expose the low level index of raw * branch record for the most recent branch aka entries[0]. * The hw_idx index is between -1 (unknown) and max depth, * which can be retrieved in /sys/devices/cpu/caps/branches. * For the architectures whose raw branch records are * already stored in age order, the hw_idx should be 0. */ struct perf_branch_stack { __u64 nr; __u64 hw_idx; struct perf_branch_entry entries[]; }; struct task_struct; /* * extra PMU register associated with an event */ struct hw_perf_event_extra { u64 config; /* register value */ unsigned int reg; /* register address or index */ int alloc; /* extra register already allocated */ int idx; /* index in shared_regs->regs[] */ }; /** * struct hw_perf_event - performance event hardware details: */ struct hw_perf_event { #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS union { struct { /* hardware */ u64 config; u64 last_tag; unsigned long config_base; unsigned long event_base; int event_base_rdpmc; int idx; int last_cpu; int flags; struct hw_perf_event_extra extra_reg; struct hw_perf_event_extra branch_reg; }; struct { /* software */ struct hrtimer hrtimer; }; struct { /* tracepoint */ /* for tp_event->class */ struct list_head tp_list; }; struct { /* amd_power */ u64 pwr_acc; u64 ptsc; }; #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_HW_BREAKPOINT struct { /* breakpoint */ /* * Crufty hack to avoid the chicken and egg * problem hw_breakpoint has with context * creation and event initalization. */ struct arch_hw_breakpoint info; struct list_head bp_list; }; #endif struct { /* amd_iommu */ u8 iommu_bank; u8 iommu_cntr; u16 padding; u64 conf; u64 conf1; }; }; /* * If the event is a per task event, this will point to the task in * question. See the comment in perf_event_alloc(). */ struct task_struct *target; /* * PMU would store hardware filter configuration * here. */ void *addr_filters; /* Last sync'ed generation of filters */ unsigned long addr_filters_gen; /* * hw_perf_event::state flags; used to track the PERF_EF_* state. */ #define PERF_HES_STOPPED 0x01 /* the counter is stopped */ #define PERF_HES_UPTODATE 0x02 /* event->count up-to-date */ #define PERF_HES_ARCH 0x04 int state; /* * The last observed hardware counter value, updated with a * local64_cmpxchg() such that pmu::read() can be called nested. */ local64_t prev_count; /* * The period to start the next sample with. */ u64 sample_period; union { struct { /* Sampling */ /* * The period we started this sample with. */ u64 last_period; /* * However much is left of the current period; * note that this is a full 64bit value and * allows for generation of periods longer * than hardware might allow. */ local64_t period_left; }; struct { /* Topdown events counting for context switch */ u64 saved_metric; u64 saved_slots; }; }; /* * State for throttling the event, see __perf_event_overflow() and * perf_adjust_freq_unthr_context(). */ u64 interrupts_seq; u64 interrupts; /* * State for freq target events, see __perf_event_overflow() and * perf_adjust_freq_unthr_context(). */ u64 freq_time_stamp; u64 freq_count_stamp; #endif }; struct perf_event; /* * Common implementation detail of pmu::{start,commit,cancel}_txn */ #define PERF_PMU_TXN_ADD 0x1 /* txn to add/schedule event on PMU */ #define PERF_PMU_TXN_READ 0x2 /* txn to read event group from PMU */ /** * pmu::capabilities flags */ #define PERF_PMU_CAP_NO_INTERRUPT 0x01 #define PERF_PMU_CAP_NO_NMI 0x02 #define PERF_PMU_CAP_AUX_NO_SG 0x04 #define PERF_PMU_CAP_EXTENDED_REGS 0x08 #define PERF_PMU_CAP_EXCLUSIVE 0x10 #define PERF_PMU_CAP_ITRACE 0x20 #define PERF_PMU_CAP_HETEROGENEOUS_CPUS 0x40 #define PERF_PMU_CAP_NO_EXCLUDE 0x80 #define PERF_PMU_CAP_AUX_OUTPUT 0x100 struct perf_output_handle; /** * struct pmu - generic performance monitoring unit */ struct pmu { struct list_head entry; struct module *module; struct device *dev; const struct attribute_group **attr_groups; const struct attribute_group **attr_update; const char *name; int type; /* * various common per-pmu feature flags */ int capabilities; int __percpu *pmu_disable_count; struct perf_cpu_context __percpu *pmu_cpu_context; atomic_t exclusive_cnt; /* < 0: cpu; > 0: tsk */ int task_ctx_nr; int hrtimer_interval_ms; /* number of address filters this PMU can do */ unsigned int nr_addr_filters; /* * Fully disable/enable this PMU, can be used to protect from the PMI * as well as for lazy/batch writing of the MSRs. */ void (*pmu_enable) (struct pmu *pmu); /* optional */ void (*pmu_disable) (struct pmu *pmu); /* optional */ /* * Try and initialize the event for this PMU. * * Returns: * -ENOENT -- @event is not for this PMU * * -ENODEV -- @event is for this PMU but PMU not present * -EBUSY -- @event is for this PMU but PMU temporarily unavailable * -EINVAL -- @event is for this PMU but @event is not valid * -EOPNOTSUPP -- @event is for this PMU, @event is valid, but not supported * -EACCES -- @event is for this PMU, @event is valid, but no privileges * * 0 -- @event is for this PMU and valid * * Other error return values are allowed. */ int (*event_init) (struct perf_event *event); /* * Notification that the event was mapped or unmapped. Called * in the context of the mapping task. */ void (*event_mapped) (struct perf_event *event, struct mm_struct *mm); /* optional */ void (*event_unmapped) (struct perf_event *event, struct mm_struct *mm); /* optional */ /* * Flags for ->add()/->del()/ ->start()/->stop(). There are * matching hw_perf_event::state flags. */ #define PERF_EF_START 0x01 /* start the counter when adding */ #define PERF_EF_RELOAD 0x02 /* reload the counter when starting */ #define PERF_EF_UPDATE 0x04 /* update the counter when stopping */ /* * Adds/Removes a counter to/from the PMU, can be done inside a * transaction, see the ->*_txn() methods. * * The add/del callbacks will reserve all hardware resources required * to service the event, this includes any counter constraint * scheduling etc. * * Called with IRQs disabled and the PMU disabled on the CPU the event * is on. * * ->add() called without PERF_EF_START should result in the same state * as ->add() followed by ->stop(). * * ->del() must always PERF_EF_UPDATE stop an event. If it calls * ->stop() that must deal with already being stopped without * PERF_EF_UPDATE. */ int (*add) (struct perf_event *event, int flags); void (*del) (struct perf_event *event, int flags); /* * Starts/Stops a counter present on the PMU. * * The PMI handler should stop the counter when perf_event_overflow() * returns !0. ->start() will be used to continue. * * Also used to change the sample period. * * Called with IRQs disabled and the PMU disabled on the CPU the event * is on -- will be called from NMI context with the PMU generates * NMIs. * * ->stop() with PERF_EF_UPDATE will read the counter and update * period/count values like ->read() would. * * ->start() with PERF_EF_RELOAD will reprogram the counter * value, must be preceded by a ->stop() with PERF_EF_UPDATE. */ void (*start) (struct perf_event *event, int flags); void (*stop) (struct perf_event *event, int flags); /* * Updates the counter value of the event. * * For sampling capable PMUs this will also update the software period * hw_perf_event::period_left field. */ void (*read) (struct perf_event *event); /* * Group events scheduling is treated as a transaction, add * group events as a whole and perform one schedulability test. * If the test fails, roll back the whole group * * Start the transaction, after this ->add() doesn't need to * do schedulability tests. * * Optional. */ void (*start_txn) (struct pmu *pmu, unsigned int txn_flags); /* * If ->start_txn() disabled the ->add() schedulability test * then ->commit_txn() is required to perform one. On success * the transaction is closed. On error the transaction is kept * open until ->cancel_txn() is called. * * Optional. */ int (*commit_txn) (struct pmu *pmu); /* * Will cancel the transaction, assumes ->del() is called * for each successful ->add() during the transaction. * * Optional. */ void (*cancel_txn) (struct pmu *pmu); /* * Will return the value for perf_event_mmap_page::index for this event, * if no implementation is provided it will default to: event->hw.idx + 1. */ int (*event_idx) (struct perf_event *event); /*optional */ /* * context-switches callback */ void (*sched_task) (struct perf_event_context *ctx, bool sched_in); /* * Kmem cache of PMU specific data */ struct kmem_cache *task_ctx_cache; /* * PMU specific parts of task perf event context (i.e. ctx->task_ctx_data) * can be synchronized using this function. See Intel LBR callstack support * implementation and Perf core context switch handling callbacks for usage * examples. */ void (*swap_task_ctx) (struct perf_event_context *prev, struct perf_event_context *next); /* optional */ /* * Set up pmu-private data structures for an AUX area */ void *(*setup_aux) (struct perf_event *event, void **pages, int nr_pages, bool overwrite); /* optional */ /* * Free pmu-private AUX data structures */ void (*free_aux) (void *aux); /* optional */ /* * Take a snapshot of the AUX buffer without touching the event * state, so that preempting ->start()/->stop() callbacks does * not interfere with their logic. Called in PMI context. * * Returns the size of AUX data copied to the output handle. * * Optional. */ long (*snapshot_aux) (struct perf_event *event, struct perf_output_handle *handle, unsigned long size); /* * Validate address range filters: make sure the HW supports the * requested configuration and number of filters; return 0 if the * supplied filters are valid, -errno otherwise. * * Runs in the context of the ioctl()ing process and is not serialized * with the rest of the PMU callbacks. */ int (*addr_filters_validate) (struct list_head *filters); /* optional */ /* * Synchronize address range filter configuration: * translate hw-agnostic filters into hardware configuration in * event::hw::addr_filters. * * Runs as a part of filter sync sequence that is done in ->start() * callback by calling perf_event_addr_filters_sync(). * * May (and should) traverse event::addr_filters::list, for which its * caller provides necessary serialization. */ void (*addr_filters_sync) (struct perf_event *event); /* optional */ /* * Check if event can be used for aux_output purposes for * events of this PMU. * * Runs from perf_event_open(). Should return 0 for "no match" * or non-zero for "match". */ int (*aux_output_match) (struct perf_event *event); /* optional */ /* * Filter events for PMU-specific reasons. */ int (*filter_match) (struct perf_event *event); /* optional */ /* * Check period value for PERF_EVENT_IOC_PERIOD ioctl. */ int (*check_period) (struct perf_event *event, u64 value); /* optional */ }; enum perf_addr_filter_action_t { PERF_ADDR_FILTER_ACTION_STOP = 0, PERF_ADDR_FILTER_ACTION_START, PERF_ADDR_FILTER_ACTION_FILTER, }; /** * struct perf_addr_filter - address range filter definition * @entry: event's filter list linkage * @path: object file's path for file-based filters * @offset: filter range offset * @size: filter range size (size==0 means single address trigger) * @action: filter/start/stop * * This is a hardware-agnostic filter configuration as specified by the user. */ struct perf_addr_filter { struct list_head entry; struct path path; unsigned long offset; unsigned long size; enum perf_addr_filter_action_t action; }; /** * struct perf_addr_filters_head - container for address range filters * @list: list of filters for this event * @lock: spinlock that serializes accesses to the @list and event's * (and its children's) filter generations. * @nr_file_filters: number of file-based filters * * A child event will use parent's @list (and therefore @lock), so they are * bundled together; see perf_event_addr_filters(). */ struct perf_addr_filters_head { struct list_head list; raw_spinlock_t lock; unsigned int nr_file_filters; }; struct perf_addr_filter_range { unsigned long start; unsigned long size; }; /** * enum perf_event_state - the states of an event: */ enum perf_event_state { PERF_EVENT_STATE_DEAD = -4, PERF_EVENT_STATE_EXIT = -3, PERF_EVENT_STATE_ERROR = -2, PERF_EVENT_STATE_OFF = -1, PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE = 0, PERF_EVENT_STATE_ACTIVE = 1, }; struct file; struct perf_sample_data; typedef void (*perf_overflow_handler_t)(struct perf_event *, struct perf_sample_data *, struct pt_regs *regs); /* * Event capabilities. For event_caps and groups caps. * * PERF_EV_CAP_SOFTWARE: Is a software event. * PERF_EV_CAP_READ_ACTIVE_PKG: A CPU event (or cgroup event) that can be read * from any CPU in the package where it is active. * PERF_EV_CAP_SIBLING: An event with this flag must be a group sibling and * cannot be a group leader. If an event with this flag is detached from the * group it is scheduled out and moved into an unrecoverable ERROR state. */ #define PERF_EV_CAP_SOFTWARE BIT(0) #define PERF_EV_CAP_READ_ACTIVE_PKG BIT(1) #define PERF_EV_CAP_SIBLING BIT(2) #define SWEVENT_HLIST_BITS 8 #define SWEVENT_HLIST_SIZE (1 << SWEVENT_HLIST_BITS) struct swevent_hlist { struct hlist_head heads[SWEVENT_HLIST_SIZE]; struct rcu_head rcu_head; }; #define PERF_ATTACH_CONTEXT 0x01 #define PERF_ATTACH_GROUP 0x02 #define PERF_ATTACH_TASK 0x04 #define PERF_ATTACH_TASK_DATA 0x08 #define PERF_ATTACH_ITRACE 0x10 #define PERF_ATTACH_SCHED_CB 0x20 struct perf_cgroup; struct perf_buffer; struct pmu_event_list { raw_spinlock_t lock; struct list_head list; }; #define for_each_sibling_event(sibling, event) \ if ((event)->group_leader == (event)) \ list_for_each_entry((sibling), &(event)->sibling_list, sibling_list) /** * struct perf_event - performance event kernel representation: */ struct perf_event { #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS /* * entry onto perf_event_context::event_list; * modifications require ctx->lock * RCU safe iterations. */ struct list_head event_entry; /* * Locked for modification by both ctx->mutex and ctx->lock; holding * either sufficies for read. */ struct list_head sibling_list; struct list_head active_list; /* * Node on the pinned or flexible tree located at the event context; */ struct rb_node group_node; u64 group_index; /* * We need storage to track the entries in perf_pmu_migrate_context; we * cannot use the event_entry because of RCU and we want to keep the * group in tact which avoids us using the other two entries. */ struct list_head migrate_entry; struct hlist_node hlist_entry; struct list_head active_entry; int nr_siblings; /* Not serialized. Only written during event initialization. */ int event_caps; /* The cumulative AND of all event_caps for events in this group. */ int group_caps; struct perf_event *group_leader; struct pmu *pmu; void *pmu_private; enum perf_event_state state; unsigned int attach_state; local64_t count; atomic64_t child_count; /* * These are the total time in nanoseconds that the event * has been enabled (i.e. eligible to run, and the task has * been scheduled in, if this is a per-task event) * and running (scheduled onto the CPU), respectively. */ u64 total_time_enabled; u64 total_time_running; u64 tstamp; /* * timestamp shadows the actual context timing but it can * be safely used in NMI interrupt context. It reflects the * context time as it was when the event was last scheduled in, * or when ctx_sched_in failed to schedule the event because we * run out of PMC. * * ctx_time already accounts for ctx->timestamp. Therefore to * compute ctx_time for a sample, simply add perf_clock(). */ u64 shadow_ctx_time; struct perf_event_attr attr; u16 header_size; u16 id_header_size; u16 read_size; struct hw_perf_event hw; struct perf_event_context *ctx; atomic_long_t refcount; /* * These accumulate total time (in nanoseconds) that children * events have been enabled and running, respectively. */ atomic64_t child_total_time_enabled; atomic64_t child_total_time_running; /* * Protect attach/detach and child_list: */ struct mutex child_mutex; struct list_head child_list; struct perf_event *parent; int oncpu; int cpu; struct list_head owner_entry; struct task_struct *owner; /* mmap bits */ struct mutex mmap_mutex; atomic_t mmap_count; struct perf_buffer *rb; struct list_head rb_entry; unsigned long rcu_batches; int rcu_pending; /* poll related */ wait_queue_head_t waitq; struct fasync_struct *fasync; /* delayed work for NMIs and such */ int pending_wakeup; int pending_kill; int pending_disable; struct irq_work pending; atomic_t event_limit; /* address range filters */ struct perf_addr_filters_head addr_filters; /* vma address array for file-based filders */ struct perf_addr_filter_range *addr_filter_ranges; unsigned long addr_filters_gen; /* for aux_output events */ struct perf_event *aux_event; void (*destroy)(struct perf_event *); struct rcu_head rcu_head; struct pid_namespace *ns; u64 id; u64 (*clock)(void); perf_overflow_handler_t overflow_handler; void *overflow_handler_context; #ifdef CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL perf_overflow_handler_t orig_overflow_handler; struct bpf_prog *prog; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_EVENT_TRACING struct trace_event_call *tp_event; struct event_filter *filter; #ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER struct ftrace_ops ftrace_ops; #endif #endif #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_PERF struct perf_cgroup *cgrp; /* cgroup event is attach to */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY void *security; #endif struct list_head sb_list; #endif /* CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS */ }; struct perf_event_groups { struct rb_root tree; u64 index; }; /** * struct perf_event_context - event context structure * * Used as a container for task events and CPU events as well: */ struct perf_event_context { struct pmu *pmu; /* * Protect the states of the events in the list, * nr_active, and the list: */ raw_spinlock_t lock; /* * Protect the list of events. Locking either mutex or lock * is sufficient to ensure the list doesn't change; to change * the list you need to lock both the mutex and the spinlock. */ struct mutex mutex; struct list_head active_ctx_list; struct perf_event_groups pinned_groups; struct perf_event_groups flexible_groups; struct list_head event_list; struct list_head pinned_active; struct list_head flexible_active; int nr_events; int nr_active; int is_active; int nr_stat; int nr_freq; int rotate_disable; /* * Set when nr_events != nr_active, except tolerant to events not * necessary to be active due to scheduling constraints, such as cgroups. */ int rotate_necessary; refcount_t refcount; struct task_struct *task; /* * Context clock, runs when context enabled. */ u64 time; u64 timestamp; /* * These fields let us detect when two contexts have both * been cloned (inherited) from a common ancestor. */ struct perf_event_context *parent_ctx; u64 parent_gen; u64 generation; int pin_count; #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_PERF int nr_cgroups; /* cgroup evts */ #endif void *task_ctx_data; /* pmu specific data */ struct rcu_head rcu_head; }; /* * Number of contexts where an event can trigger: * task, softirq, hardirq, nmi. */ #define PERF_NR_CONTEXTS 4 /** * struct perf_event_cpu_context - per cpu event context structure */ struct perf_cpu_context { struct perf_event_context ctx; struct perf_event_context *task_ctx; int active_oncpu; int exclusive; raw_spinlock_t hrtimer_lock; struct hrtimer hrtimer; ktime_t hrtimer_interval; unsigned int hrtimer_active; #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_PERF struct perf_cgroup *cgrp; struct list_head cgrp_cpuctx_entry; #endif struct list_head sched_cb_entry; int sched_cb_usage; int online; /* * Per-CPU storage for iterators used in visit_groups_merge. The default * storage is of size 2 to hold the CPU and any CPU event iterators. */ int heap_size; struct perf_event **heap; struct perf_event *heap_default[2]; }; struct perf_output_handle { struct perf_event *event; struct perf_buffer *rb; unsigned long wakeup; unsigned long size; u64 aux_flags; union { void *addr; unsigned long head; }; int page; }; struct bpf_perf_event_data_kern { bpf_user_pt_regs_t *regs; struct perf_sample_data *data; struct perf_event *event; }; #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_PERF /* * perf_cgroup_info keeps track of time_enabled for a cgroup. * This is a per-cpu dynamically allocated data structure. */ struct perf_cgroup_info { u64 time; u64 timestamp; }; struct perf_cgroup { struct cgroup_subsys_state css; struct perf_cgroup_info __percpu *info; }; /* * Must ensure cgroup is pinned (css_get) before calling * this function. In other words, we cannot call this function * if there is no cgroup event for the current CPU context. */ static inline struct perf_cgroup * perf_cgroup_from_task(struct task_struct *task, struct perf_event_context *ctx) { return container_of(task_css_check(task, perf_event_cgrp_id, ctx ? lockdep_is_held(&ctx->lock) : true), struct perf_cgroup, css); } #endif /* CONFIG_CGROUP_PERF */ #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS extern void *perf_aux_output_begin(struct perf_output_handle *handle, struct perf_event *event); extern void perf_aux_output_end(struct perf_output_handle *handle, unsigned long size); extern int perf_aux_output_skip(struct perf_output_handle *handle, unsigned long size); extern void *perf_get_aux(struct perf_output_handle *handle); extern void perf_aux_output_flag(struct perf_output_handle *handle, u64 flags); extern void perf_event_itrace_started(struct perf_event *event); extern int perf_pmu_register(struct pmu *pmu, const char *name, int type); extern void perf_pmu_unregister(struct pmu *pmu); extern int perf_num_counters(void); extern const char *perf_pmu_name(void); extern void __perf_event_task_sched_in(struct task_struct *prev, struct task_struct *task); extern void __perf_event_task_sched_out(struct task_struct *prev, struct task_struct *next); extern int perf_event_init_task(struct task_struct *child); extern void perf_event_exit_task(struct task_struct *child); extern void perf_event_free_task(struct task_struct *task); extern void perf_event_delayed_put(struct task_struct *task); extern struct file *perf_event_get(unsigned int fd); extern const struct perf_event *perf_get_event(struct file *file); extern const struct perf_event_attr *perf_event_attrs(struct perf_event *event); extern void perf_event_print_debug(void); extern void perf_pmu_disable(struct pmu *pmu); extern void perf_pmu_enable(struct pmu *pmu); extern void perf_sched_cb_dec(struct pmu *pmu); extern void perf_sched_cb_inc(struct pmu *pmu); extern int perf_event_task_disable(void); extern int perf_event_task_enable(void); extern void perf_pmu_resched(struct pmu *pmu); extern int perf_event_refresh(struct perf_event *event, int refresh); extern void perf_event_update_userpage(struct perf_event *event); extern int perf_event_release_kernel(struct perf_event *event); extern struct perf_event * perf_event_create_kernel_counter(struct perf_event_attr *attr, int cpu, struct task_struct *task, perf_overflow_handler_t callback, void *context); extern void perf_pmu_migrate_context(struct pmu *pmu, int src_cpu, int dst_cpu); int perf_event_read_local(struct perf_event *event, u64 *value, u64 *enabled, u64 *running); extern u64 perf_event_read_value(struct perf_event *event, u64 *enabled, u64 *running); struct perf_sample_data { /* * Fields set by perf_sample_data_init(), group so as to * minimize the cachelines touched. */ u64 addr; struct perf_raw_record *raw; struct perf_branch_stack *br_stack; u64 period; u64 weight; u64 txn; union perf_mem_data_src data_src; /* * The other fields, optionally {set,used} by * perf_{prepare,output}_sample(). */ u64 type; u64 ip; struct { u32 pid; u32 tid; } tid_entry; u64 time; u64 id; u64 stream_id; struct { u32 cpu; u32 reserved; } cpu_entry; struct perf_callchain_entry *callchain; u64 aux_size; struct perf_regs regs_user; struct perf_regs regs_intr; u64 stack_user_size; u64 phys_addr; u64 cgroup; } ____cacheline_aligned; /* default value for data source */ #define PERF_MEM_NA (PERF_MEM_S(OP, NA) |\ PERF_MEM_S(LVL, NA) |\ PERF_MEM_S(SNOOP, NA) |\ PERF_MEM_S(LOCK, NA) |\ PERF_MEM_S(TLB, NA)) static inline void perf_sample_data_init(struct perf_sample_data *data, u64 addr, u64 period) { /* remaining struct members initialized in perf_prepare_sample() */ data->addr = addr; data->raw = NULL; data->br_stack = NULL; data->period = period; data->weight = 0; data->data_src.val = PERF_MEM_NA; data->txn = 0; } extern void perf_output_sample(struct perf_output_handle *handle, struct perf_event_header *header, struct perf_sample_data *data, struct perf_event *event); extern void perf_prepare_sample(struct perf_event_header *header, struct perf_sample_data *data, struct perf_event *event, struct pt_regs *regs); extern int perf_event_overflow(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_sample_data *data, struct pt_regs *regs); extern void perf_event_output_forward(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_sample_data *data, struct pt_regs *regs); extern void perf_event_output_backward(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_sample_data *data, struct pt_regs *regs); extern int perf_event_output(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_sample_data *data, struct pt_regs *regs); static inline bool is_default_overflow_handler(struct perf_event *event) { if (likely(event->overflow_handler == perf_event_output_forward)) return true; if (unlikely(event->overflow_handler == perf_event_output_backward)) return true; return false; } extern void perf_event_header__init_id(struct perf_event_header *header, struct perf_sample_data *data, struct perf_event *event); extern void perf_event__output_id_sample(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_output_handle *handle, struct perf_sample_data *sample); extern void perf_log_lost_samples(struct perf_event *event, u64 lost); static inline bool event_has_any_exclude_flag(struct perf_event *event) { struct perf_event_attr *attr = &event->attr; return attr->exclude_idle || attr->exclude_user || attr->exclude_kernel || attr->exclude_hv || attr->exclude_guest || attr->exclude_host; } static inline bool is_sampling_event(struct perf_event *event) { return event->attr.sample_period != 0; } /* * Return 1 for a software event, 0 for a hardware event */ static inline int is_software_event(struct perf_event *event) { return event->event_caps & PERF_EV_CAP_SOFTWARE; } /* * Return 1 for event in sw context, 0 for event in hw context */ static inline int in_software_context(struct perf_event *event) { return event->ctx->pmu->task_ctx_nr == perf_sw_context; } static inline int is_exclusive_pmu(struct pmu *pmu) { return pmu->capabilities & PERF_PMU_CAP_EXCLUSIVE; } extern struct static_key perf_swevent_enabled[PERF_COUNT_SW_MAX]; extern void ___perf_sw_event(u32, u64, struct pt_regs *, u64); extern void __perf_sw_event(u32, u64, struct pt_regs *, u64); #ifndef perf_arch_fetch_caller_regs static inline void perf_arch_fetch_caller_regs(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long ip) { } #endif /* * When generating a perf sample in-line, instead of from an interrupt / * exception, we lack a pt_regs. This is typically used from software events * like: SW_CONTEXT_SWITCHES, SW_MIGRATIONS and the tie-in with tracepoints. * * We typically don't need a full set, but (for x86) do require: * - ip for PERF_SAMPLE_IP * - cs for user_mode() tests * - sp for PERF_SAMPLE_CALLCHAIN * - eflags for MISC bits and CALLCHAIN (see: perf_hw_regs()) * * NOTE: assumes @regs is otherwise already 0 filled; this is important for * things like PERF_SAMPLE_REGS_INTR. */ static inline void perf_fetch_caller_regs(struct pt_regs *regs) { perf_arch_fetch_caller_regs(regs, CALLER_ADDR0); } static __always_inline void perf_sw_event(u32 event_id, u64 nr, struct pt_regs *regs, u64 addr) { if (static_key_false(&perf_swevent_enabled[event_id])) __perf_sw_event(event_id, nr, regs, addr); } DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct pt_regs, __perf_regs[4]); /* * 'Special' version for the scheduler, it hard assumes no recursion, * which is guaranteed by us not actually scheduling inside other swevents * because those disable preemption. */ static __always_inline void perf_sw_event_sched(u32 event_id, u64 nr, u64 addr) { if (static_key_false(&perf_swevent_enabled[event_id])) { struct pt_regs *regs = this_cpu_ptr(&__perf_regs[0]); perf_fetch_caller_regs(regs); ___perf_sw_event(event_id, nr, regs, addr); } } extern struct static_key_false perf_sched_events; static __always_inline bool perf_sw_migrate_enabled(void) { if (static_key_false(&perf_swevent_enabled[PERF_COUNT_SW_CPU_MIGRATIONS])) return true; return false; } static inline void perf_event_task_migrate(struct task_struct *task) { if (perf_sw_migrate_enabled()) task->sched_migrated = 1; } static inline void perf_event_task_sched_in(struct task_struct *prev, struct task_struct *task) { if (static_branch_unlikely(&perf_sched_events)) __perf_event_task_sched_in(prev, task); if (perf_sw_migrate_enabled() && task->sched_migrated) { struct pt_regs *regs = this_cpu_ptr(&__perf_regs[0]); perf_fetch_caller_regs(regs); ___perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_CPU_MIGRATIONS, 1, regs, 0); task->sched_migrated = 0; } } static inline void perf_event_task_sched_out(struct task_struct *prev, struct task_struct *next) { perf_sw_event_sched(PERF_COUNT_SW_CONTEXT_SWITCHES, 1, 0); if (static_branch_unlikely(&perf_sched_events)) __perf_event_task_sched_out(prev, next); } extern void perf_event_mmap(struct vm_area_struct *vma); extern void perf_event_ksymbol(u16 ksym_type, u64 addr, u32 len, bool unregister, const char *sym); extern void perf_event_bpf_event(struct bpf_prog *prog, enum perf_bpf_event_type type, u16 flags); extern struct perf_guest_info_callbacks *perf_guest_cbs; extern int perf_register_guest_info_callbacks(struct perf_guest_info_callbacks *callbacks); extern int perf_unregister_guest_info_callbacks(struct perf_guest_info_callbacks *callbacks); extern void perf_event_exec(void); extern void perf_event_comm(struct task_struct *tsk, bool exec); extern void perf_event_namespaces(struct task_struct *tsk); extern void perf_event_fork(struct task_struct *tsk); extern void perf_event_text_poke(const void *addr, const void *old_bytes, size_t old_len, const void *new_bytes, size_t new_len); /* Callchains */ DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct perf_callchain_entry, perf_callchain_entry); extern void perf_callchain_user(struct perf_callchain_entry_ctx *entry, struct pt_regs *regs); extern void perf_callchain_kernel(struct perf_callchain_entry_ctx *entry, struct pt_regs *regs); extern struct perf_callchain_entry * get_perf_callchain(struct pt_regs *regs, u32 init_nr, bool kernel, bool user, u32 max_stack, bool crosstask, bool add_mark); extern struct perf_callchain_entry *perf_callchain(struct perf_event *event, struct pt_regs *regs); extern int get_callchain_buffers(int max_stack); extern void put_callchain_buffers(void); extern struct perf_callchain_entry *get_callchain_entry(int *rctx); extern void put_callchain_entry(int rctx); extern int sysctl_perf_event_max_stack; extern int sysctl_perf_event_max_contexts_per_stack; static inline int perf_callchain_store_context(struct perf_callchain_entry_ctx *ctx, u64 ip) { if (ctx->contexts < sysctl_perf_event_max_contexts_per_stack) { struct perf_callchain_entry *entry = ctx->entry; entry->ip[entry->nr++] = ip; ++ctx->contexts; return 0; } else { ctx->contexts_maxed = true; return -1; /* no more room, stop walking the stack */ } } static inline int perf_callchain_store(struct perf_callchain_entry_ctx *ctx, u64 ip) { if (ctx->nr < ctx->max_stack && !ctx->contexts_maxed) { struct perf_callchain_entry *entry = ctx->entry; entry->ip[entry->nr++] = ip; ++ctx->nr; return 0; } else { return -1; /* no more room, stop walking the stack */ } } extern int sysctl_perf_event_paranoid; extern int sysctl_perf_event_mlock; extern int sysctl_perf_event_sample_rate; extern int sysctl_perf_cpu_time_max_percent; extern void perf_sample_event_took(u64 sample_len_ns); int perf_proc_update_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos); int perf_cpu_time_max_percent_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos); int perf_event_max_stack_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos); /* Access to perf_event_open(2) syscall. */ #define PERF_SECURITY_OPEN 0 /* Finer grained perf_event_open(2) access control. */ #define PERF_SECURITY_CPU 1 #define PERF_SECURITY_KERNEL 2 #define PERF_SECURITY_TRACEPOINT 3 static inline int perf_is_paranoid(void) { return sysctl_perf_event_paranoid > -1; } static inline int perf_allow_kernel(struct perf_event_attr *attr) { if (sysctl_perf_event_paranoid > 1 && !perfmon_capable()) return -EACCES; return security_perf_event_open(attr, PERF_SECURITY_KERNEL); } static inline int perf_allow_cpu(struct perf_event_attr *attr) { if (sysctl_perf_event_paranoid > 0 && !perfmon_capable()) return -EACCES; return security_perf_event_open(attr, PERF_SECURITY_CPU); } static inline int perf_allow_tracepoint(struct perf_event_attr *attr) { if (sysctl_perf_event_paranoid > -1 && !perfmon_capable()) return -EPERM; return security_perf_event_open(attr, PERF_SECURITY_TRACEPOINT); } extern void perf_event_init(void); extern void perf_tp_event(u16 event_type, u64 count, void *record, int entry_size, struct pt_regs *regs, struct hlist_head *head, int rctx, struct task_struct *task); extern void perf_bp_event(struct perf_event *event, void *data); #ifndef perf_misc_flags # define perf_misc_flags(regs) \ (user_mode(regs) ? PERF_RECORD_MISC_USER : PERF_RECORD_MISC_KERNEL) # define perf_instruction_pointer(regs) instruction_pointer(regs) #endif #ifndef perf_arch_bpf_user_pt_regs # define perf_arch_bpf_user_pt_regs(regs) regs #endif static inline bool has_branch_stack(struct perf_event *event) { return event->attr.sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_STACK; } static inline bool needs_branch_stack(struct perf_event *event) { return event->attr.branch_sample_type != 0; } static inline bool has_aux(struct perf_event *event) { return event->pmu->setup_aux; } static inline bool is_write_backward(struct perf_event *event) { return !!event->attr.write_backward; } static inline bool has_addr_filter(struct perf_event *event) { return event->pmu->nr_addr_filters; } /* * An inherited event uses parent's filters */ static inline struct perf_addr_filters_head * perf_event_addr_filters(struct perf_event *event) { struct perf_addr_filters_head *ifh = &event->addr_filters; if (event->parent) ifh = &event->parent->addr_filters; return ifh; } extern void perf_event_addr_filters_sync(struct perf_event *event); extern int perf_output_begin(struct perf_output_handle *handle, struct perf_sample_data *data, struct perf_event *event, unsigned int size); extern int perf_output_begin_forward(struct perf_output_handle *handle, struct perf_sample_data *data, struct perf_event *event, unsigned int size); extern int perf_output_begin_backward(struct perf_output_handle *handle, struct perf_sample_data *data, struct perf_event *event, unsigned int size); extern void perf_output_end(struct perf_output_handle *handle); extern unsigned int perf_output_copy(struct perf_output_handle *handle, const void *buf, unsigned int len); extern unsigned int perf_output_skip(struct perf_output_handle *handle, unsigned int len); extern long perf_output_copy_aux(struct perf_output_handle *aux_handle, struct perf_output_handle *handle, unsigned long from, unsigned long to); extern int perf_swevent_get_recursion_context(void); extern void perf_swevent_put_recursion_context(int rctx); extern u64 perf_swevent_set_period(struct perf_event *event); extern void perf_event_enable(struct perf_event *event); extern void perf_event_disable(struct perf_event *event); extern void perf_event_disable_local(struct perf_event *event); extern void perf_event_disable_inatomic(struct perf_event *event); extern void perf_event_task_tick(void); extern int perf_event_account_interrupt(struct perf_event *event); extern int perf_event_period(struct perf_event *event, u64 value); extern u64 perf_event_pause(struct perf_event *event, bool reset); #else /* !CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS: */ static inline void * perf_aux_output_begin(struct perf_output_handle *handle, struct perf_event *event) { return NULL; } static inline void perf_aux_output_end(struct perf_output_handle *handle, unsigned long size) { } static inline int perf_aux_output_skip(struct perf_output_handle *handle, unsigned long size) { return -EINVAL; } static inline void * perf_get_aux(struct perf_output_handle *handle) { return NULL; } static inline void perf_event_task_migrate(struct task_struct *task) { } static inline void perf_event_task_sched_in(struct task_struct *prev, struct task_struct *task) { } static inline void perf_event_task_sched_out(struct task_struct *prev, struct task_struct *next) { } static inline int perf_event_init_task(struct task_struct *child) { return 0; } static inline void perf_event_exit_task(struct task_struct *child) { } static inline void perf_event_free_task(struct task_struct *task) { } static inline void perf_event_delayed_put(struct task_struct *task) { } static inline struct file *perf_event_get(unsigned int fd) { return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } static inline const struct perf_event *perf_get_event(struct file *file) { return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } static inline const struct perf_event_attr *perf_event_attrs(struct perf_event *event) { return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } static inline int perf_event_read_local(struct perf_event *event, u64 *value, u64 *enabled, u64 *running) { return -EINVAL; } static inline void perf_event_print_debug(void) { } static inline int perf_event_task_disable(void) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int perf_event_task_enable(void) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int perf_event_refresh(struct perf_event *event, int refresh) { return -EINVAL; } static inline void perf_sw_event(u32 event_id, u64 nr, struct pt_regs *regs, u64 addr) { } static inline void perf_sw_event_sched(u32 event_id, u64 nr, u64 addr) { } static inline void perf_bp_event(struct perf_event *event, void *data) { } static inline int perf_register_guest_info_callbacks (struct perf_guest_info_callbacks *callbacks) { return 0; } static inline int perf_unregister_guest_info_callbacks (struct perf_guest_info_callbacks *callbacks) { return 0; } static inline void perf_event_mmap(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { } typedef int (perf_ksymbol_get_name_f)(char *name, int name_len, void *data); static inline void perf_event_ksymbol(u16 ksym_type, u64 addr, u32 len, bool unregister, const char *sym) { } static inline void perf_event_bpf_event(struct bpf_prog *prog, enum perf_bpf_event_type type, u16 flags) { } static inline void perf_event_exec(void) { } static inline void perf_event_comm(struct task_struct *tsk, bool exec) { } static inline void perf_event_namespaces(struct task_struct *tsk) { } static inline void perf_event_fork(struct task_struct *tsk) { } static inline void perf_event_text_poke(const void *addr, const void *old_bytes, size_t old_len, const void *new_bytes, size_t new_len) { } static inline void perf_event_init(void) { } static inline int perf_swevent_get_recursion_context(void) { return -1; } static inline void perf_swevent_put_recursion_context(int rctx) { } static inline u64 perf_swevent_set_period(struct perf_event *event) { return 0; } static inline void perf_event_enable(struct perf_event *event) { } static inline void perf_event_disable(struct perf_event *event) { } static inline int __perf_event_disable(void *info) { return -1; } static inline void perf_event_task_tick(void) { } static inline int perf_event_release_kernel(struct perf_event *event) { return 0; } static inline int perf_event_period(struct perf_event *event, u64 value) { return -EINVAL; } static inline u64 perf_event_pause(struct perf_event *event, bool reset) { return 0; } #endif #if defined(CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS) && defined(CONFIG_CPU_SUP_INTEL) extern void perf_restore_debug_store(void); #else static inline void perf_restore_debug_store(void) { } #endif static __always_inline bool perf_raw_frag_last(const struct perf_raw_frag *frag) { return frag->pad < sizeof(u64); } #define perf_output_put(handle, x) perf_output_copy((handle), &(x), sizeof(x)) struct perf_pmu_events_attr { struct device_attribute attr; u64 id; const char *event_str; }; struct perf_pmu_events_ht_attr { struct device_attribute attr; u64 id; const char *event_str_ht; const char *event_str_noht; }; ssize_t perf_event_sysfs_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *page); #define PMU_EVENT_ATTR(_name, _var, _id, _show) \ static struct perf_pmu_events_attr _var = { \ .attr = __ATTR(_name, 0444, _show, NULL), \ .id = _id, \ }; #define PMU_EVENT_ATTR_STRING(_name, _var, _str) \ static struct perf_pmu_events_attr _var = { \ .attr = __ATTR(_name, 0444, perf_event_sysfs_show, NULL), \ .id = 0, \ .event_str = _str, \ }; #define PMU_FORMAT_ATTR(_name, _format) \ static ssize_t \ _name##_show(struct device *dev, \ struct device_attribute *attr, \ char *page) \ { \ BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(_format) >= PAGE_SIZE); \ return sprintf(page, _format "\n"); \ } \ \ static struct device_attribute format_attr_##_name = __ATTR_RO(_name) /* Performance counter hotplug functions */ #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS int perf_event_init_cpu(unsigned int cpu); int perf_event_exit_cpu(unsigned int cpu); #else #define perf_event_init_cpu NULL #define perf_event_exit_cpu NULL #endif extern void __weak arch_perf_update_userpage(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_event_mmap_page *userpg, u64 now); #endif /* _LINUX_PERF_EVENT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_GENERIC_SECTIONS_H_ #define _ASM_GENERIC_SECTIONS_H_ /* References to section boundaries */ #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/types.h> /* * Usage guidelines: * _text, _data: architecture specific, don't use them in arch-independent code * [_stext, _etext]: contains .text.* sections, may also contain .rodata.* * and/or .init.* sections * [_sdata, _edata]: contains .data.* sections, may also contain .rodata.* * and/or .init.* sections. * [__start_rodata, __end_rodata]: contains .rodata.* sections * [__start_ro_after_init, __end_ro_after_init]: * contains .data..ro_after_init section * [__init_begin, __init_end]: contains .init.* sections, but .init.text.* * may be out of this range on some architectures. * [_sinittext, _einittext]: contains .init.text.* sections * [__bss_start, __bss_stop]: contains BSS sections * * Following global variables are optional and may be unavailable on some * architectures and/or kernel configurations. * _text, _data * __kprobes_text_start, __kprobes_text_end * __entry_text_start, __entry_text_end * __ctors_start, __ctors_end * __irqentry_text_start, __irqentry_text_end * __softirqentry_text_start, __softirqentry_text_end * __start_opd, __end_opd */ extern char _text[], _stext[], _etext[]; extern char _data[], _sdata[], _edata[]; extern char __bss_start[], __bss_stop[]; extern char __init_begin[], __init_end[]; extern char _sinittext[], _einittext[]; extern char __start_ro_after_init[], __end_ro_after_init[]; extern char _end[]; extern char __per_cpu_load[], __per_cpu_start[], __per_cpu_end[]; extern char __kprobes_text_start[], __kprobes_text_end[]; extern char __entry_text_start[], __entry_text_end[]; extern char __start_rodata[], __end_rodata[]; extern char __irqentry_text_start[], __irqentry_text_end[]; extern char __softirqentry_text_start[], __softirqentry_text_end[]; extern char __start_once[], __end_once[]; /* Start and end of .ctors section - used for constructor calls. */ extern char __ctors_start[], __ctors_end[]; /* Start and end of .opd section - used for function descriptors. */ extern char __start_opd[], __end_opd[]; /* Start and end of instrumentation protected text section */ extern char __noinstr_text_start[], __noinstr_text_end[]; extern __visible const void __nosave_begin, __nosave_end; /* Function descriptor handling (if any). Override in asm/sections.h */ #ifndef dereference_function_descriptor #define dereference_function_descriptor(p) ((void *)(p)) #define dereference_kernel_function_descriptor(p) ((void *)(p)) #endif /* random extra sections (if any). Override * in asm/sections.h */ #ifndef arch_is_kernel_text static inline int arch_is_kernel_text(unsigned long addr) { return 0; } #endif #ifndef arch_is_kernel_data static inline int arch_is_kernel_data(unsigned long addr) { return 0; } #endif /* * Check if an address is part of freed initmem. This is needed on architectures * with virt == phys kernel mapping, for code that wants to check if an address * is part of a static object within [_stext, _end]. After initmem is freed, * memory can be allocated from it, and such allocations would then have * addresses within the range [_stext, _end]. */ #ifndef arch_is_kernel_initmem_freed static inline int arch_is_kernel_initmem_freed(unsigned long addr) { return 0; } #endif /** * memory_contains - checks if an object is contained within a memory region * @begin: virtual address of the beginning of the memory region * @end: virtual address of the end of the memory region * @virt: virtual address of the memory object * @size: size of the memory object * * Returns: true if the object specified by @virt and @size is entirely * contained within the memory region defined by @begin and @end, false * otherwise. */ static inline bool memory_contains(void *begin, void *end, void *virt, size_t size) { return virt >= begin && virt + size <= end; } /** * memory_intersects - checks if the region occupied by an object intersects * with another memory region * @begin: virtual address of the beginning of the memory regien * @end: virtual address of the end of the memory region * @virt: virtual address of the memory object * @size: size of the memory object * * Returns: true if an object's memory region, specified by @virt and @size, * intersects with the region specified by @begin and @end, false otherwise. */ static inline bool memory_intersects(void *begin, void *end, void *virt, size_t size) { void *vend = virt + size; return (virt >= begin && virt < end) || (vend >= begin && vend < end); } /** * init_section_contains - checks if an object is contained within the init * section * @virt: virtual address of the memory object * @size: size of the memory object * * Returns: true if the object specified by @virt and @size is entirely * contained within the init section, false otherwise. */ static inline bool init_section_contains(void *virt, size_t size) { return memory_contains(__init_begin, __init_end, virt, size); } /** * init_section_intersects - checks if the region occupied by an object * intersects with the init section * @virt: virtual address of the memory object * @size: size of the memory object * * Returns: true if an object's memory region, specified by @virt and @size, * intersects with the init section, false otherwise. */ static inline bool init_section_intersects(void *virt, size_t size) { return memory_intersects(__init_begin, __init_end, virt, size); } /** * is_kernel_rodata - checks if the pointer address is located in the * .rodata section * * @addr: address to check * * Returns: true if the address is located in .rodata, false otherwise. */ static inline bool is_kernel_rodata(unsigned long addr) { return addr >= (unsigned long)__start_rodata && addr < (unsigned long)__end_rodata; } #endif /* _ASM_GENERIC_SECTIONS_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM alarmtimer #if !defined(_TRACE_ALARMTIMER_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_ALARMTIMER_H #include <linux/alarmtimer.h> #include <linux/rtc.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(ALARM_REALTIME); TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(ALARM_BOOTTIME); TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(ALARM_REALTIME_FREEZER); TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(ALARM_BOOTTIME_FREEZER); #define show_alarm_type(type) __print_flags(type, " | ", \ { 1 << ALARM_REALTIME, "REALTIME" }, \ { 1 << ALARM_BOOTTIME, "BOOTTIME" }, \ { 1 << ALARM_REALTIME_FREEZER, "REALTIME Freezer" }, \ { 1 << ALARM_BOOTTIME_FREEZER, "BOOTTIME Freezer" }) TRACE_EVENT(alarmtimer_suspend, TP_PROTO(ktime_t expires, int flag), TP_ARGS(expires, flag), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(s64, expires) __field(unsigned char, alarm_type) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->expires = expires; __entry->alarm_type = flag; ), TP_printk("alarmtimer type:%s expires:%llu", show_alarm_type((1 << __entry->alarm_type)), __entry->expires ) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(alarm_class, TP_PROTO(struct alarm *alarm, ktime_t now), TP_ARGS(alarm, now), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(void *, alarm) __field(unsigned char, alarm_type) __field(s64, expires) __field(s64, now) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->alarm = alarm; __entry->alarm_type = alarm->type; __entry->expires = alarm->node.expires; __entry->now = now; ), TP_printk("alarmtimer:%p type:%s expires:%llu now:%llu", __entry->alarm, show_alarm_type((1 << __entry->alarm_type)), __entry->expires, __entry->now ) ); DEFINE_EVENT(alarm_class, alarmtimer_fired, TP_PROTO(struct alarm *alarm, ktime_t now), TP_ARGS(alarm, now) ); DEFINE_EVENT(alarm_class, alarmtimer_start, TP_PROTO(struct alarm *alarm, ktime_t now), TP_ARGS(alarm, now) ); DEFINE_EVENT(alarm_class, alarmtimer_cancel, TP_PROTO(struct alarm *alarm, ktime_t now), TP_ARGS(alarm, now) ); #endif /* _TRACE_ALARMTIMER_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM jbd2 #if !defined(_TRACE_JBD2_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_JBD2_H #include <linux/jbd2.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> struct transaction_chp_stats_s; struct transaction_run_stats_s; TRACE_EVENT(jbd2_checkpoint, TP_PROTO(journal_t *journal, int result), TP_ARGS(journal, result), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( int, result ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = journal->j_fs_dev->bd_dev; __entry->result = result; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d result %d", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->result) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(jbd2_commit, TP_PROTO(journal_t *journal, transaction_t *commit_transaction), TP_ARGS(journal, commit_transaction), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( char, sync_commit ) __field( int, transaction ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = journal->j_fs_dev->bd_dev; __entry->sync_commit = commit_transaction->t_synchronous_commit; __entry->transaction = commit_transaction->t_tid; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d transaction %d sync %d", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->transaction, __entry->sync_commit) ); DEFINE_EVENT(jbd2_commit, jbd2_start_commit, TP_PROTO(journal_t *journal, transaction_t *commit_transaction), TP_ARGS(journal, commit_transaction) ); DEFINE_EVENT(jbd2_commit, jbd2_commit_locking, TP_PROTO(journal_t *journal, transaction_t *commit_transaction), TP_ARGS(journal, commit_transaction) ); DEFINE_EVENT(jbd2_commit, jbd2_commit_flushing, TP_PROTO(journal_t *journal, transaction_t *commit_transaction), TP_ARGS(journal, commit_transaction) ); DEFINE_EVENT(jbd2_commit, jbd2_commit_logging, TP_PROTO(journal_t *journal, transaction_t *commit_transaction), TP_ARGS(journal, commit_transaction) ); DEFINE_EVENT(jbd2_commit, jbd2_drop_transaction, TP_PROTO(journal_t *journal, transaction_t *commit_transaction), TP_ARGS(journal, commit_transaction) ); TRACE_EVENT(jbd2_end_commit, TP_PROTO(journal_t *journal, transaction_t *commit_transaction), TP_ARGS(journal, commit_transaction), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( char, sync_commit ) __field( int, transaction ) __field( int, head ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = journal->j_fs_dev->bd_dev; __entry->sync_commit = commit_transaction->t_synchronous_commit; __entry->transaction = commit_transaction->t_tid; __entry->head = journal->j_tail_sequence; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d transaction %d sync %d head %d", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->transaction, __entry->sync_commit, __entry->head) ); TRACE_EVENT(jbd2_submit_inode_data, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode), TP_ARGS(inode), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(jbd2_handle_start_class, TP_PROTO(dev_t dev, unsigned long tid, unsigned int type, unsigned int line_no, int requested_blocks), TP_ARGS(dev, tid, type, line_no, requested_blocks), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( unsigned long, tid ) __field( unsigned int, type ) __field( unsigned int, line_no ) __field( int, requested_blocks) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = dev; __entry->tid = tid; __entry->type = type; __entry->line_no = line_no; __entry->requested_blocks = requested_blocks; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d tid %lu type %u line_no %u " "requested_blocks %d", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->tid, __entry->type, __entry->line_no, __entry->requested_blocks) ); DEFINE_EVENT(jbd2_handle_start_class, jbd2_handle_start, TP_PROTO(dev_t dev, unsigned long tid, unsigned int type, unsigned int line_no, int requested_blocks), TP_ARGS(dev, tid, type, line_no, requested_blocks) ); DEFINE_EVENT(jbd2_handle_start_class, jbd2_handle_restart, TP_PROTO(dev_t dev, unsigned long tid, unsigned int type, unsigned int line_no, int requested_blocks), TP_ARGS(dev, tid, type, line_no, requested_blocks) ); TRACE_EVENT(jbd2_handle_extend, TP_PROTO(dev_t dev, unsigned long tid, unsigned int type, unsigned int line_no, int buffer_credits, int requested_blocks), TP_ARGS(dev, tid, type, line_no, buffer_credits, requested_blocks), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( unsigned long, tid ) __field( unsigned int, type ) __field( unsigned int, line_no ) __field( int, buffer_credits ) __field( int, requested_blocks) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = dev; __entry->tid = tid; __entry->type = type; __entry->line_no = line_no; __entry->buffer_credits = buffer_credits; __entry->requested_blocks = requested_blocks; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d tid %lu type %u line_no %u " "buffer_credits %d requested_blocks %d", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->tid, __entry->type, __entry->line_no, __entry->buffer_credits, __entry->requested_blocks) ); TRACE_EVENT(jbd2_handle_stats, TP_PROTO(dev_t dev, unsigned long tid, unsigned int type, unsigned int line_no, int interval, int sync, int requested_blocks, int dirtied_blocks), TP_ARGS(dev, tid, type, line_no, interval, sync, requested_blocks, dirtied_blocks), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( unsigned long, tid ) __field( unsigned int, type ) __field( unsigned int, line_no ) __field( int, interval ) __field( int, sync ) __field( int, requested_blocks) __field( int, dirtied_blocks ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = dev; __entry->tid = tid; __entry->type = type; __entry->line_no = line_no; __entry->interval = interval; __entry->sync = sync; __entry->requested_blocks = requested_blocks; __entry->dirtied_blocks = dirtied_blocks; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d tid %lu type %u line_no %u interval %d " "sync %d requested_blocks %d dirtied_blocks %d", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->tid, __entry->type, __entry->line_no, __entry->interval, __entry->sync, __entry->requested_blocks, __entry->dirtied_blocks) ); TRACE_EVENT(jbd2_run_stats, TP_PROTO(dev_t dev, unsigned long tid, struct transaction_run_stats_s *stats), TP_ARGS(dev, tid, stats), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( unsigned long, tid ) __field( unsigned long, wait ) __field( unsigned long, request_delay ) __field( unsigned long, running ) __field( unsigned long, locked ) __field( unsigned long, flushing ) __field( unsigned long, logging ) __field( __u32, handle_count ) __field( __u32, blocks ) __field( __u32, blocks_logged ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = dev; __entry->tid = tid; __entry->wait = stats->rs_wait; __entry->request_delay = stats->rs_request_delay; __entry->running = stats->rs_running; __entry->locked = stats->rs_locked; __entry->flushing = stats->rs_flushing; __entry->logging = stats->rs_logging; __entry->handle_count = stats->rs_handle_count; __entry->blocks = stats->rs_blocks; __entry->blocks_logged = stats->rs_blocks_logged; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d tid %lu wait %u request_delay %u running %u " "locked %u flushing %u logging %u handle_count %u " "blocks %u blocks_logged %u", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->tid, jiffies_to_msecs(__entry->wait), jiffies_to_msecs(__entry->request_delay), jiffies_to_msecs(__entry->running), jiffies_to_msecs(__entry->locked), jiffies_to_msecs(__entry->flushing), jiffies_to_msecs(__entry->logging), __entry->handle_count, __entry->blocks, __entry->blocks_logged) ); TRACE_EVENT(jbd2_checkpoint_stats, TP_PROTO(dev_t dev, unsigned long tid, struct transaction_chp_stats_s *stats), TP_ARGS(dev, tid, stats), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( unsigned long, tid ) __field( unsigned long, chp_time ) __field( __u32, forced_to_close ) __field( __u32, written ) __field( __u32, dropped ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = dev; __entry->tid = tid; __entry->chp_time = stats->cs_chp_time; __entry->forced_to_close= stats->cs_forced_to_close; __entry->written = stats->cs_written; __entry->dropped = stats->cs_dropped; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d tid %lu chp_time %u forced_to_close %u " "written %u dropped %u", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->tid, jiffies_to_msecs(__entry->chp_time), __entry->forced_to_close, __entry->written, __entry->dropped) ); TRACE_EVENT(jbd2_update_log_tail, TP_PROTO(journal_t *journal, tid_t first_tid, unsigned long block_nr, unsigned long freed), TP_ARGS(journal, first_tid, block_nr, freed), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( tid_t, tail_sequence ) __field( tid_t, first_tid ) __field(unsigned long, block_nr ) __field(unsigned long, freed ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = journal->j_fs_dev->bd_dev; __entry->tail_sequence = journal->j_tail_sequence; __entry->first_tid = first_tid; __entry->block_nr = block_nr; __entry->freed = freed; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d from %u to %u offset %lu freed %lu", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->tail_sequence, __entry->first_tid, __entry->block_nr, __entry->freed) ); TRACE_EVENT(jbd2_write_superblock, TP_PROTO(journal_t *journal, int write_op), TP_ARGS(journal, write_op), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( int, write_op ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = journal->j_fs_dev->bd_dev; __entry->write_op = write_op; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d write_op %x", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->write_op) ); TRACE_EVENT(jbd2_lock_buffer_stall, TP_PROTO(dev_t dev, unsigned long stall_ms), TP_ARGS(dev, stall_ms), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field(unsigned long, stall_ms ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = dev; __entry->stall_ms = stall_ms; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d stall_ms %lu", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->stall_ms) ); #endif /* _TRACE_JBD2_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * This implements the various checks for CONFIG_HARDENED_USERCOPY*, * which are designed to protect kernel memory from needless exposure * and overwrite under many unintended conditions. This code is based * on PAX_USERCOPY, which is: * * Copyright (C) 2001-2016 PaX Team, Bradley Spengler, Open Source * Security Inc. */ #define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/sched/task_stack.h> #include <linux/thread_info.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/jump_label.h> #include <asm/sections.h> /* * Checks if a given pointer and length is contained by the current * stack frame (if possible). * * Returns: * NOT_STACK: not at all on the stack * GOOD_FRAME: fully within a valid stack frame * GOOD_STACK: fully on the stack (when can't do frame-checking) * BAD_STACK: error condition (invalid stack position or bad stack frame) */ static noinline int check_stack_object(const void *obj, unsigned long len) { const void * const stack = task_stack_page(current); const void * const stackend = stack + THREAD_SIZE; int ret; /* Object is not on the stack at all. */ if (obj + len <= stack || stackend <= obj) return NOT_STACK; /* * Reject: object partially overlaps the stack (passing the * check above means at least one end is within the stack, * so if this check fails, the other end is outside the stack). */ if (obj < stack || stackend < obj + len) return BAD_STACK; /* Check if object is safely within a valid frame. */ ret = arch_within_stack_frames(stack, stackend, obj, len); if (ret) return ret; return GOOD_STACK; } /* * If these functions are reached, then CONFIG_HARDENED_USERCOPY has found * an unexpected state during a copy_from_user() or copy_to_user() call. * There are several checks being performed on the buffer by the * __check_object_size() function. Normal stack buffer usage should never * trip the checks, and kernel text addressing will always trip the check. * For cache objects, it is checking that only the whitelisted range of * bytes for a given cache is being accessed (via the cache's usersize and * useroffset fields). To adjust a cache whitelist, use the usercopy-aware * kmem_cache_create_usercopy() function to create the cache (and * carefully audit the whitelist range). */ void usercopy_warn(const char *name, const char *detail, bool to_user, unsigned long offset, unsigned long len) { WARN_ONCE(1, "Bad or missing usercopy whitelist? Kernel memory %s attempt detected %s %s%s%s%s (offset %lu, size %lu)!\n", to_user ? "exposure" : "overwrite", to_user ? "from" : "to", name ? : "unknown?!", detail ? " '" : "", detail ? : "", detail ? "'" : "", offset, len); } void __noreturn usercopy_abort(const char *name, const char *detail, bool to_user, unsigned long offset, unsigned long len) { pr_emerg("Kernel memory %s attempt detected %s %s%s%s%s (offset %lu, size %lu)!\n", to_user ? "exposure" : "overwrite", to_user ? "from" : "to", name ? : "unknown?!", detail ? " '" : "", detail ? : "", detail ? "'" : "", offset, len); /* * For greater effect, it would be nice to do do_group_exit(), * but BUG() actually hooks all the lock-breaking and per-arch * Oops code, so that is used here instead. */ BUG(); } /* Returns true if any portion of [ptr,ptr+n) over laps with [low,high). */ static bool overlaps(const unsigned long ptr, unsigned long n, unsigned long low, unsigned long high) { const unsigned long check_low = ptr; unsigned long check_high = check_low + n; /* Does not overlap if entirely above or entirely below. */ if (check_low >= high || check_high <= low) return false; return true; } /* Is this address range in the kernel text area? */ static inline void check_kernel_text_object(const unsigned long ptr, unsigned long n, bool to_user) { unsigned long textlow = (unsigned long)_stext; unsigned long texthigh = (unsigned long)_etext; unsigned long textlow_linear, texthigh_linear; if (overlaps(ptr, n, textlow, texthigh)) usercopy_abort("kernel t