1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_NETFILTER_H #define __LINUX_NETFILTER_H #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/net.h> #include <linux/if.h> #include <linux/in.h> #include <linux/in6.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/static_key.h> #include <linux/netfilter_defs.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/sockptr.h> #include <net/net_namespace.h> static inline int NF_DROP_GETERR(int verdict) { return -(verdict >> NF_VERDICT_QBITS); } static inline int nf_inet_addr_cmp(const union nf_inet_addr *a1, const union nf_inet_addr *a2) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 const unsigned long *ul1 = (const unsigned long *)a1; const unsigned long *ul2 = (const unsigned long *)a2; return ((ul1[0] ^ ul2[0]) | (ul1[1] ^ ul2[1])) == 0UL; #else return a1->all[0] == a2->all[0] && a1->all[1] == a2->all[1] && a1->all[2] == a2->all[2] && a1->all[3] == a2->all[3]; #endif } static inline void nf_inet_addr_mask(const union nf_inet_addr *a1, union nf_inet_addr *result, const union nf_inet_addr *mask) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 const unsigned long *ua = (const unsigned long *)a1; unsigned long *ur = (unsigned long *)result; const unsigned long *um = (const unsigned long *)mask; ur[0] = ua[0] & um[0]; ur[1] = ua[1] & um[1]; #else result->all[0] = a1->all[0] & mask->all[0]; result->all[1] = a1->all[1] & mask->all[1]; result->all[2] = a1->all[2] & mask->all[2]; result->all[3] = a1->all[3] & mask->all[3]; #endif } int netfilter_init(void); struct sk_buff; struct nf_hook_ops; struct sock; struct nf_hook_state { unsigned int hook; u_int8_t pf; struct net_device *in; struct net_device *out; struct sock *sk; struct net *net; int (*okfn)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *); }; typedef unsigned int nf_hookfn(void *priv, struct sk_buff *skb, const struct nf_hook_state *state); struct nf_hook_ops { /* User fills in from here down. */ nf_hookfn *hook; struct net_device *dev; void *priv; u_int8_t pf; unsigned int hooknum; /* Hooks are ordered in ascending priority. */ int priority; }; struct nf_hook_entry { nf_hookfn *hook; void *priv; }; struct nf_hook_entries_rcu_head { struct rcu_head head; void *allocation; }; struct nf_hook_entries { u16 num_hook_entries; /* padding */ struct nf_hook_entry hooks[]; /* trailer: pointers to original orig_ops of each hook, * followed by rcu_head and scratch space used for freeing * the structure via call_rcu. * * This is not part of struct nf_hook_entry since its only * needed in slow path (hook register/unregister): * const struct nf_hook_ops *orig_ops[] * * For the same reason, we store this at end -- its * only needed when a hook is deleted, not during * packet path processing: * struct nf_hook_entries_rcu_head head */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_NETFILTER static inline struct nf_hook_ops **nf_hook_entries_get_hook_ops(const struct nf_hook_entries *e) { unsigned int n = e->num_hook_entries; const void *hook_end; hook_end = &e->hooks[n]; /* this is *past* ->hooks[]! */ return (struct nf_hook_ops **)hook_end; } static inline int nf_hook_entry_hookfn(const struct nf_hook_entry *entry, struct sk_buff *skb, struct nf_hook_state *state) { return entry->hook(entry->priv, skb, state); } static inline void nf_hook_state_init(struct nf_hook_state *p, unsigned int hook, u_int8_t pf, struct net_device *indev, struct net_device *outdev, struct sock *sk, struct net *net, int (*okfn)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *)) { p->hook = hook; p->pf = pf; p->in = indev; p->out = outdev; p->sk = sk; p->net = net; p->okfn = okfn; } struct nf_sockopt_ops { struct list_head list; u_int8_t pf; /* Non-inclusive ranges: use 0/0/NULL to never get called. */ int set_optmin; int set_optmax; int (*set)(struct sock *sk, int optval, sockptr_t arg, unsigned int len); int get_optmin; int get_optmax; int (*get)(struct sock *sk, int optval, void __user *user, int *len); /* Use the module struct to lock set/get code in place */ struct module *owner; }; /* Function to register/unregister hook points. */ int nf_register_net_hook(struct net *net, const struct nf_hook_ops *ops); void nf_unregister_net_hook(struct net *net, const struct nf_hook_ops *ops); int nf_register_net_hooks(struct net *net, const struct nf_hook_ops *reg, unsigned int n); void nf_unregister_net_hooks(struct net *net, const struct nf_hook_ops *reg, unsigned int n); /* Functions to register get/setsockopt ranges (non-inclusive). You need to check permissions yourself! */ int nf_register_sockopt(struct nf_sockopt_ops *reg); void nf_unregister_sockopt(struct nf_sockopt_ops *reg); #ifdef CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL extern struct static_key nf_hooks_needed[NFPROTO_NUMPROTO][NF_MAX_HOOKS]; #endif int nf_hook_slow(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nf_hook_state *state, const struct nf_hook_entries *e, unsigned int i); void nf_hook_slow_list(struct list_head *head, struct nf_hook_state *state, const struct nf_hook_entries *e); /** * nf_hook - call a netfilter hook * * Returns 1 if the hook has allowed the packet to pass. The function * okfn must be invoked by the caller in this case. Any other return * value indicates the packet has been consumed by the hook. */ static inline int nf_hook(u_int8_t pf, unsigned int hook, struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *indev, struct net_device *outdev, int (*okfn)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *)) { struct nf_hook_entries *hook_head = NULL; int ret = 1; #ifdef CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL if (__builtin_constant_p(pf) && __builtin_constant_p(hook) && !static_key_false(&nf_hooks_needed[pf][hook])) return 1; #endif rcu_read_lock(); switch (pf) { case NFPROTO_IPV4: hook_head = rcu_dereference(net->nf.hooks_ipv4[hook]); break; case NFPROTO_IPV6: hook_head = rcu_dereference(net->nf.hooks_ipv6[hook]); break; case NFPROTO_ARP: #ifdef CONFIG_NETFILTER_FAMILY_ARP if (WARN_ON_ONCE(hook >= ARRAY_SIZE(net->nf.hooks_arp))) break; hook_head = rcu_dereference(net->nf.hooks_arp[hook]); #endif break; case NFPROTO_BRIDGE: #ifdef CONFIG_NETFILTER_FAMILY_BRIDGE hook_head = rcu_dereference(net->nf.hooks_bridge[hook]); #endif break; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DECNET) case NFPROTO_DECNET: hook_head = rcu_dereference(net->nf.hooks_decnet[hook]); break; #endif default: WARN_ON_ONCE(1); break; } if (hook_head) { struct nf_hook_state state; nf_hook_state_init(&state, hook, pf, indev, outdev, sk, net, okfn); ret = nf_hook_slow(skb, &state, hook_head, 0); } rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } /* Activate hook; either okfn or kfree_skb called, unless a hook returns NF_STOLEN (in which case, it's up to the hook to deal with the consequences). Returns -ERRNO if packet dropped. Zero means queued, stolen or accepted. */ /* RR: > I don't want nf_hook to return anything because people might forget > about async and trust the return value to mean "packet was ok". AK: Just document it clearly, then you can expect some sense from kernel coders :) */ static inline int NF_HOOK_COND(uint8_t pf, unsigned int hook, struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *in, struct net_device *out, int (*okfn)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *), bool cond) { int ret; if (!cond || ((ret = nf_hook(pf, hook, net, sk, skb, in, out, okfn)) == 1)) ret = okfn(net, sk, skb); return ret; } static inline int NF_HOOK(uint8_t pf, unsigned int hook, struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *in, struct net_device *out, int (*okfn)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *)) { int ret = nf_hook(pf, hook, net, sk, skb, in, out, okfn); if (ret == 1) ret = okfn(net, sk, skb); return ret; } static inline void NF_HOOK_LIST(uint8_t pf, unsigned int hook, struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct list_head *head, struct net_device *in, struct net_device *out, int (*okfn)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *)) { struct nf_hook_entries *hook_head = NULL; #ifdef CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL if (__builtin_constant_p(pf) && __builtin_constant_p(hook) && !static_key_false(&nf_hooks_needed[pf][hook])) return; #endif rcu_read_lock(); switch (pf) { case NFPROTO_IPV4: hook_head = rcu_dereference(net->nf.hooks_ipv4[hook]); break; case NFPROTO_IPV6: hook_head = rcu_dereference(net->nf.hooks_ipv6[hook]); break; default: WARN_ON_ONCE(1); break; } if (hook_head) { struct nf_hook_state state; nf_hook_state_init(&state, hook, pf, in, out, sk, net, okfn); nf_hook_slow_list(head, &state, hook_head); } rcu_read_unlock(); } /* Call setsockopt() */ int nf_setsockopt(struct sock *sk, u_int8_t pf, int optval, sockptr_t opt, unsigned int len); int nf_getsockopt(struct sock *sk, u_int8_t pf, int optval, char __user *opt, int *len); struct flowi; struct nf_queue_entry; __sum16 nf_checksum(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int hook, unsigned int dataoff, u_int8_t protocol, unsigned short family); __sum16 nf_checksum_partial(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int hook, unsigned int dataoff, unsigned int len, u_int8_t protocol, unsigned short family); int nf_route(struct net *net, struct dst_entry **dst, struct flowi *fl, bool strict, unsigned short family); int nf_reroute(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nf_queue_entry *entry); #include <net/flow.h> struct nf_conn; enum nf_nat_manip_type; struct nlattr; enum ip_conntrack_dir; struct nf_nat_hook { int (*parse_nat_setup)(struct nf_conn *ct, enum nf_nat_manip_type manip, const struct nlattr *attr); void (*decode_session)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct flowi *fl); unsigned int (*manip_pkt)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nf_conn *ct, enum nf_nat_manip_type mtype, enum ip_conntrack_dir dir); }; extern struct nf_nat_hook __rcu *nf_nat_hook; static inline void nf_nat_decode_session(struct sk_buff *skb, struct flowi *fl, u_int8_t family) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_NAT) struct nf_nat_hook *nat_hook; rcu_read_lock(); nat_hook = rcu_dereference(nf_nat_hook); if (nat_hook && nat_hook->decode_session) nat_hook->decode_session(skb, fl); rcu_read_unlock(); #endif } #else /* !CONFIG_NETFILTER */ static inline int NF_HOOK_COND(uint8_t pf, unsigned int hook, struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *in, struct net_device *out, int (*okfn)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *), bool cond) { return okfn(net, sk, skb); } static inline int NF_HOOK(uint8_t pf, unsigned int hook, struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *in, struct net_device *out, int (*okfn)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *)) { return okfn(net, sk, skb); } static inline void NF_HOOK_LIST(uint8_t pf, unsigned int hook, struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct list_head *head, struct net_device *in, struct net_device *out, int (*okfn)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *)) { /* nothing to do */ } static inline int nf_hook(u_int8_t pf, unsigned int hook, struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *indev, struct net_device *outdev, int (*okfn)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *)) { return 1; } struct flowi; static inline void nf_nat_decode_session(struct sk_buff *skb, struct flowi *fl, u_int8_t family) { } #endif /*CONFIG_NETFILTER*/ #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_zones_common.h> extern void (*ip_ct_attach)(struct sk_buff *, const struct sk_buff *) __rcu; void nf_ct_attach(struct sk_buff *, const struct sk_buff *); struct nf_conntrack_tuple; bool nf_ct_get_tuple_skb(struct nf_conntrack_tuple *dst_tuple, const struct sk_buff *skb); #else static inline void nf_ct_attach(struct sk_buff *new, struct sk_buff *skb) {} struct nf_conntrack_tuple; static inline bool nf_ct_get_tuple_skb(struct nf_conntrack_tuple *dst_tuple, const struct sk_buff *skb) { return false; } #endif struct nf_conn; enum ip_conntrack_info; struct nf_ct_hook { int (*update)(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb); void (*destroy)(struct nf_conntrack *); bool (*get_tuple_skb)(struct nf_conntrack_tuple *, const struct sk_buff *); }; extern struct nf_ct_hook __rcu *nf_ct_hook; struct nlattr; struct nfnl_ct_hook { struct nf_conn *(*get_ct)(const struct sk_buff *skb, enum ip_conntrack_info *ctinfo); size_t (*build_size)(const struct nf_conn *ct); int (*build)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nf_conn *ct, enum ip_conntrack_info ctinfo, u_int16_t ct_attr, u_int16_t ct_info_attr); int (*parse)(const struct nlattr *attr, struct nf_conn *ct); int (*attach_expect)(const struct nlattr *attr, struct nf_conn *ct, u32 portid, u32 report); void (*seq_adjust)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nf_conn *ct, enum ip_conntrack_info ctinfo, s32 off); }; extern struct nfnl_ct_hook __rcu *nfnl_ct_hook; /** * nf_skb_duplicated - TEE target has sent a packet * * When a xtables target sends a packet, the OUTPUT and POSTROUTING * hooks are traversed again, i.e. nft and xtables are invoked recursively. * * This is used by xtables TEE target to prevent the duplicated skb from * being duplicated again. */ DECLARE_PER_CPU(bool, nf_skb_duplicated); #endif /*__LINUX_NETFILTER_H*/
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _FAT_H #define _FAT_H #include <linux/buffer_head.h> #include <linux/nls.h> #include <linux/hash.h> #include <linux/ratelimit.h> #include <linux/msdos_fs.h> /* * vfat shortname flags */ #define VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_LOWER 0x0001 /* convert to lowercase for display */ #define VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_WIN95 0x0002 /* emulate win95 rule for display */ #define VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_WINNT 0x0004 /* emulate winnt rule for display */ #define VFAT_SFN_CREATE_WIN95 0x0100 /* emulate win95 rule for create */ #define VFAT_SFN_CREATE_WINNT 0x0200 /* emulate winnt rule for create */ #define FAT_ERRORS_CONT 1 /* ignore error and continue */ #define FAT_ERRORS_PANIC 2 /* panic on error */ #define FAT_ERRORS_RO 3 /* remount r/o on error */ #define FAT_NFS_STALE_RW 1 /* NFS RW support, can cause ESTALE */ #define FAT_NFS_NOSTALE_RO 2 /* NFS RO support, no ESTALE issue */ struct fat_mount_options { kuid_t fs_uid; kgid_t fs_gid; unsigned short fs_fmask; unsigned short fs_dmask; unsigned short codepage; /* Codepage for shortname conversions */ int time_offset; /* Offset of timestamps from UTC (in minutes) */ char *iocharset; /* Charset used for filename input/display */ unsigned short shortname; /* flags for shortname display/create rule */ unsigned char name_check; /* r = relaxed, n = normal, s = strict */ unsigned char errors; /* On error: continue, panic, remount-ro */ unsigned char nfs; /* NFS support: nostale_ro, stale_rw */ unsigned short allow_utime;/* permission for setting the [am]time */ unsigned quiet:1, /* set = fake successful chmods and chowns */ showexec:1, /* set = only set x bit for com/exe/bat */ sys_immutable:1, /* set = system files are immutable */ dotsOK:1, /* set = hidden and system files are named '.filename' */ isvfat:1, /* 0=no vfat long filename support, 1=vfat support */ utf8:1, /* Use of UTF-8 character set (Default) */ unicode_xlate:1, /* create escape sequences for unhandled Unicode */ numtail:1, /* Does first alias have a numeric '~1' type tail? */ flush:1, /* write things quickly */ nocase:1, /* Does this need case conversion? 0=need case conversion*/ usefree:1, /* Use free_clusters for FAT32 */ tz_set:1, /* Filesystem timestamps' offset set */ rodir:1, /* allow ATTR_RO for directory */ discard:1, /* Issue discard requests on deletions */ dos1xfloppy:1; /* Assume default BPB for DOS 1.x floppies */ }; #define FAT_HASH_BITS 8 #define FAT_HASH_SIZE (1UL << FAT_HASH_BITS) /* * MS-DOS file system in-core superblock data */ struct msdos_sb_info { unsigned short sec_per_clus; /* sectors/cluster */ unsigned short cluster_bits; /* log2(cluster_size) */ unsigned int cluster_size; /* cluster size */ unsigned char fats, fat_bits; /* number of FATs, FAT bits (12,16 or 32) */ unsigned short fat_start; unsigned long fat_length; /* FAT start & length (sec.) */ unsigned long dir_start; unsigned short dir_entries; /* root dir start & entries */ unsigned long data_start; /* first data sector */ unsigned long max_cluster; /* maximum cluster number */ unsigned long root_cluster; /* first cluster of the root directory */ unsigned long fsinfo_sector; /* sector number of FAT32 fsinfo */ struct mutex fat_lock; struct mutex nfs_build_inode_lock; struct mutex s_lock; unsigned int prev_free; /* previously allocated cluster number */ unsigned int free_clusters; /* -1 if undefined */ unsigned int free_clus_valid; /* is free_clusters valid? */ struct fat_mount_options options; struct nls_table *nls_disk; /* Codepage used on disk */ struct nls_table *nls_io; /* Charset used for input and display */ const void *dir_ops; /* Opaque; default directory operations */ int dir_per_block; /* dir entries per block */ int dir_per_block_bits; /* log2(dir_per_block) */ unsigned int vol_id; /*volume ID*/ int fatent_shift; const struct fatent_operations *fatent_ops; struct inode *fat_inode; struct inode *fsinfo_inode; struct ratelimit_state ratelimit; spinlock_t inode_hash_lock; struct hlist_head inode_hashtable[FAT_HASH_SIZE]; spinlock_t dir_hash_lock; struct hlist_head dir_hashtable[FAT_HASH_SIZE]; unsigned int dirty; /* fs state before mount */ struct rcu_head rcu; }; #define FAT_CACHE_VALID 0 /* special case for valid cache */ /* * MS-DOS file system inode data in memory */ struct msdos_inode_info { spinlock_t cache_lru_lock; struct list_head cache_lru; int nr_caches; /* for avoiding the race between fat_free() and fat_get_cluster() */ unsigned int cache_valid_id; /* NOTE: mmu_private is 64bits, so must hold ->i_mutex to access */ loff_t mmu_private; /* physically allocated size */ int i_start; /* first cluster or 0 */ int i_logstart; /* logical first cluster */ int i_attrs; /* unused attribute bits */ loff_t i_pos; /* on-disk position of directory entry or 0 */ struct hlist_node i_fat_hash; /* hash by i_location */ struct hlist_node i_dir_hash; /* hash by i_logstart */ struct rw_semaphore truncate_lock; /* protect bmap against truncate */ struct inode vfs_inode; }; struct fat_slot_info { loff_t i_pos; /* on-disk position of directory entry */ loff_t slot_off; /* offset for slot or de start */ int nr_slots; /* number of slots + 1(de) in filename */ struct msdos_dir_entry *de; struct buffer_head *bh; }; static inline struct msdos_sb_info *MSDOS_SB(struct super_block *sb) { return sb->s_fs_info; } /* * Functions that determine the variant of the FAT file system (i.e., * whether this is FAT12, FAT16 or FAT32. */ static inline bool is_fat12(const struct msdos_sb_info *sbi) { return sbi->fat_bits == 12; } static inline bool is_fat16(const struct msdos_sb_info *sbi) { return sbi->fat_bits == 16; } static inline bool is_fat32(const struct msdos_sb_info *sbi) { return sbi->fat_bits == 32; } /* Maximum number of clusters */ static inline u32 max_fat(struct super_block *sb) { struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(sb); return is_fat32(sbi) ? MAX_FAT32 : is_fat16(sbi) ? MAX_FAT16 : MAX_FAT12; } static inline struct msdos_inode_info *MSDOS_I(struct inode *inode) { return container_of(inode, struct msdos_inode_info, vfs_inode); } /* * If ->i_mode can't hold S_IWUGO (i.e. ATTR_RO), we use ->i_attrs to * save ATTR_RO instead of ->i_mode. * * If it's directory and !sbi->options.rodir, ATTR_RO isn't read-only * bit, it's just used as flag for app. */ static inline int fat_mode_can_hold_ro(struct inode *inode) { struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(inode->i_sb); umode_t mask; if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) { if (!sbi->options.rodir) return 0; mask = ~sbi->options.fs_dmask; } else mask = ~sbi->options.fs_fmask; if (!(mask & S_IWUGO)) return 0; return 1; } /* Convert attribute bits and a mask to the UNIX mode. */ static inline umode_t fat_make_mode(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, u8 attrs, umode_t mode) { if (attrs & ATTR_RO && !((attrs & ATTR_DIR) && !sbi->options.rodir)) mode &= ~S_IWUGO; if (attrs & ATTR_DIR) return (mode & ~sbi->options.fs_dmask) | S_IFDIR; else return (mode & ~sbi->options.fs_fmask) | S_IFREG; } /* Return the FAT attribute byte for this inode */ static inline u8 fat_make_attrs(struct inode *inode) { u8 attrs = MSDOS_I(inode)->i_attrs; if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) attrs |= ATTR_DIR; if (fat_mode_can_hold_ro(inode) && !(inode->i_mode & S_IWUGO)) attrs |= ATTR_RO; return attrs; } static inline void fat_save_attrs(struct inode *inode, u8 attrs) { if (fat_mode_can_hold_ro(inode)) MSDOS_I(inode)->i_attrs = attrs & ATTR_UNUSED; else MSDOS_I(inode)->i_attrs = attrs & (ATTR_UNUSED | ATTR_RO); } static inline unsigned char fat_checksum(const __u8 *name) { unsigned char s = name[0]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[1]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[2]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[3]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[4]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[5]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[6]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[7]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[8]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[9]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[10]; return s; } static inline sector_t fat_clus_to_blknr(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, int clus) { return ((sector_t)clus - FAT_START_ENT) * sbi->sec_per_clus + sbi->data_start; } static inline void fat_get_blknr_offset(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, loff_t i_pos, sector_t *blknr, int *offset) { *blknr = i_pos >> sbi->dir_per_block_bits; *offset = i_pos & (sbi->dir_per_block - 1); } static inline loff_t fat_i_pos_read(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, struct inode *inode) { loff_t i_pos; #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 spin_lock(&sbi->inode_hash_lock); #endif i_pos = MSDOS_I(inode)->i_pos; #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 spin_unlock(&sbi->inode_hash_lock); #endif return i_pos; } static inline void fat16_towchar(wchar_t *dst, const __u8 *src, size_t len) { #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN while (len--) { *dst++ = src[0] | (src[1] << 8); src += 2; } #else memcpy(dst, src, len * 2); #endif } static inline int fat_get_start(const struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, const struct msdos_dir_entry *de) { int cluster = le16_to_cpu(de->start); if (is_fat32(sbi)) cluster |= (le16_to_cpu(de->starthi) << 16); return cluster; } static inline void fat_set_start(struct msdos_dir_entry *de, int cluster) { de->start = cpu_to_le16(cluster); de->starthi = cpu_to_le16(cluster >> 16); } static inline void fatwchar_to16(__u8 *dst, const wchar_t *src, size_t len) { #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN while (len--) { dst[0] = *src & 0x00FF; dst[1] = (*src & 0xFF00) >> 8; dst += 2; src++; } #else memcpy(dst, src, len * 2); #endif } /* fat/cache.c */ extern void fat_cache_inval_inode(struct inode *inode); extern int fat_get_cluster(struct inode *inode, int cluster, int *fclus, int *dclus); extern int fat_get_mapped_cluster(struct inode *inode, sector_t sector, sector_t last_block, unsigned long *mapped_blocks, sector_t *bmap); extern int fat_bmap(struct inode *inode, sector_t sector, sector_t *phys, unsigned long *mapped_blocks, int create, bool from_bmap); /* fat/dir.c */ extern const struct file_operations fat_dir_operations; extern int fat_search_long(struct inode *inode, const unsigned char *name, int name_len, struct fat_slot_info *sinfo); extern int fat_dir_empty(struct inode *dir); extern int fat_subdirs(struct inode *dir); extern int fat_scan(struct inode *dir, const unsigned char *name, struct fat_slot_info *sinfo); extern int fat_scan_logstart(struct inode *dir, int i_logstart, struct fat_slot_info *sinfo); extern int fat_get_dotdot_entry(struct inode *dir, struct buffer_head **bh, struct msdos_dir_entry **de); extern int fat_alloc_new_dir(struct inode *dir, struct timespec64 *ts); extern int fat_add_entries(struct inode *dir, void *slots, int nr_slots, struct fat_slot_info *sinfo); extern int fat_remove_entries(struct inode *dir, struct fat_slot_info *sinfo); /* fat/fatent.c */ struct fat_entry { int entry; union { u8 *ent12_p[2]; __le16 *ent16_p; __le32 *ent32_p; } u; int nr_bhs; struct buffer_head *bhs[2]; struct inode *fat_inode; }; static inline void fatent_init(struct fat_entry *fatent) { fatent->nr_bhs = 0; fatent->entry = 0; fatent->u.ent32_p = NULL; fatent->bhs[0] = fatent->bhs[1] = NULL; fatent->fat_inode = NULL; } static inline void fatent_set_entry(struct fat_entry *fatent, int entry) { fatent->entry = entry; fatent->u.ent32_p = NULL; } static inline void fatent_brelse(struct fat_entry *fatent) { int i; fatent->u.ent32_p = NULL; for (i = 0; i < fatent->nr_bhs; i++) brelse(fatent->bhs[i]); fatent->nr_bhs = 0; fatent->bhs[0] = fatent->bhs[1] = NULL; fatent->fat_inode = NULL; } static inline bool fat_valid_entry(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, int entry) { return FAT_START_ENT <= entry && entry < sbi->max_cluster; } extern void fat_ent_access_init(struct super_block *sb); extern int fat_ent_read(struct inode *inode, struct fat_entry *fatent, int entry); extern int fat_ent_write(struct inode *inode, struct fat_entry *fatent, int new, int wait); extern int fat_alloc_clusters(struct inode *inode, int *cluster, int nr_cluster); extern int fat_free_clusters(struct inode *inode, int cluster); extern int fat_count_free_clusters(struct super_block *sb); extern int fat_trim_fs(struct inode *inode, struct fstrim_range *range); /* fat/file.c */ extern long fat_generic_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); extern const struct file_operations fat_file_operations; extern const struct inode_operations fat_file_inode_operations; extern int fat_setattr(struct dentry *dentry, struct iattr *attr); extern void fat_truncate_blocks(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset); extern int fat_getattr(const struct path *path, struct kstat *stat, u32 request_mask, unsigned int flags); extern int fat_file_fsync(struct file *file, loff_t start, loff_t end, int datasync); /* fat/inode.c */ extern int fat_block_truncate_page(struct inode *inode, loff_t from); extern void fat_attach(struct inode *inode, loff_t i_pos); extern void fat_detach(struct inode *inode); extern struct inode *fat_iget(struct super_block *sb, loff_t i_pos); extern struct inode *fat_build_inode(struct super_block *sb, struct msdos_dir_entry *de, loff_t i_pos); extern int fat_sync_inode(struct inode *inode); extern int fat_fill_super(struct super_block *sb, void *data, int silent, int isvfat, void (*setup)(struct super_block *)); extern int fat_fill_inode(struct inode *inode, struct msdos_dir_entry *de); extern int fat_flush_inodes(struct super_block *sb, struct inode *i1, struct inode *i2); static inline unsigned long fat_dir_hash(int logstart) { return hash_32(logstart, FAT_HASH_BITS); } extern int fat_add_cluster(struct inode *inode); /* fat/misc.c */ extern __printf(3, 4) __cold void __fat_fs_error(struct super_block *sb, int report, const char *fmt, ...); #define fat_fs_error(sb, fmt, args...) \ __fat_fs_error(sb, 1, fmt , ## args) #define fat_fs_error_ratelimit(sb, fmt, args...) \ __fat_fs_error(sb, __ratelimit(&MSDOS_SB(sb)->ratelimit), fmt , ## args) __printf(3, 4) __cold void fat_msg(struct super_block *sb, const char *level, const char *fmt, ...); #define fat_msg_ratelimit(sb, level, fmt, args...) \ do { \ if (__ratelimit(&MSDOS_SB(sb)->ratelimit)) \ fat_msg(sb, level, fmt, ## args); \ } while (0) extern int fat_clusters_flush(struct super_block *sb); extern int fat_chain_add(struct inode *inode, int new_dclus, int nr_cluster); extern void fat_time_fat2unix(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, struct timespec64 *ts, __le16 __time, __le16 __date, u8 time_cs); extern void fat_time_unix2fat(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, struct timespec64 *ts, __le16 *time, __le16 *date, u8 *time_cs); extern int fat_truncate_time(struct inode *inode, struct timespec64 *now, int flags); extern int fat_update_time(struct inode *inode, struct timespec64 *now, int flags); extern int fat_sync_bhs(struct buffer_head **bhs, int nr_bhs); int fat_cache_init(void); void fat_cache_destroy(void); /* fat/nfs.c */ extern const struct export_operations fat_export_ops; extern const struct export_operations fat_export_ops_nostale; /* helper for printk */ typedef unsigned long long llu; #endif /* !_FAT_H */
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See 'mm/memory.c': 'copy_page_range()' */ #include <linux/anon_inodes.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/sched/autogroup.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/coredump.h> #include <linux/sched/user.h> #include <linux/sched/numa_balancing.h> #include <linux/sched/stat.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/sched/task_stack.h> #include <linux/sched/cputime.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/rtmutex.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/unistd.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <linux/completion.h> #include <linux/personality.h> #include <linux/mempolicy.h> #include <linux/sem.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/fdtable.h> #include <linux/iocontext.h> #include <linux/key.h> #include <linux/binfmts.h> #include <linux/mman.h> #include <linux/mmu_notifier.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/vmacache.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/cpu.h> #include <linux/cgroup.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/seccomp.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/jiffies.h> #include <linux/futex.h> #include <linux/compat.h> #include <linux/kthread.h> #include <linux/task_io_accounting_ops.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/ftrace.h> #include <linux/proc_fs.h> #include <linux/profile.h> #include <linux/rmap.h> #include <linux/ksm.h> #include <linux/acct.h> #include <linux/userfaultfd_k.h> #include <linux/tsacct_kern.h> #include <linux/cn_proc.h> #include <linux/freezer.h> #include <linux/delayacct.h> #include <linux/taskstats_kern.h> #include <linux/random.h> #include <linux/tty.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/fs_struct.h> #include <linux/magic.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <linux/posix-timers.h> #include <linux/user-return-notifier.h> #include <linux/oom.h> #include <linux/khugepaged.h> #include <linux/signalfd.h> #include <linux/uprobes.h> #include <linux/aio.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/kcov.h> #include <linux/livepatch.h> #include <linux/thread_info.h> #include <linux/stackleak.h> #include <linux/kasan.h> #include <linux/scs.h> #include <linux/io_uring.h> #include <asm/pgalloc.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/mmu_context.h> #include <asm/cacheflush.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include <trace/events/sched.h> #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <trace/events/task.h> /* * Minimum number of threads to boot the kernel */ #define MIN_THREADS 20 /* * Maximum number of threads */ #define MAX_THREADS FUTEX_TID_MASK /* * Protected counters by write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock) */ unsigned long total_forks; /* Handle normal Linux uptimes. */ int nr_threads; /* The idle threads do not count.. */ static int max_threads; /* tunable limit on nr_threads */ #define NAMED_ARRAY_INDEX(x) [x] = __stringify(x) static const char * const resident_page_types[] = { NAMED_ARRAY_INDEX(MM_FILEPAGES), NAMED_ARRAY_INDEX(MM_ANONPAGES), NAMED_ARRAY_INDEX(MM_SWAPENTS), NAMED_ARRAY_INDEX(MM_SHMEMPAGES), }; DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, process_counts) = 0; __cacheline_aligned DEFINE_RWLOCK(tasklist_lock); /* outer */ #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU int lockdep_tasklist_lock_is_held(void) { return lockdep_is_held(&tasklist_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(lockdep_tasklist_lock_is_held); #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU */ int nr_processes(void) { int cpu; int total = 0; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) total += per_cpu(process_counts, cpu); return total; } void __weak arch_release_task_struct(struct task_struct *tsk) { } #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_TASK_STRUCT_ALLOCATOR static struct kmem_cache *task_struct_cachep; static inline struct task_struct *alloc_task_struct_node(int node) { return kmem_cache_alloc_node(task_struct_cachep, GFP_KERNEL, node); } static inline void free_task_struct(struct task_struct *tsk) { kmem_cache_free(task_struct_cachep, tsk); } #endif #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_THREAD_STACK_ALLOCATOR /* * Allocate pages if THREAD_SIZE is >= PAGE_SIZE, otherwise use a * kmemcache based allocator. */ # if THREAD_SIZE >= PAGE_SIZE || defined(CONFIG_VMAP_STACK) #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK /* * vmalloc() is a bit slow, and calling vfree() enough times will force a TLB * flush. Try to minimize the number of calls by caching stacks. */ #define NR_CACHED_STACKS 2 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct vm_struct *, cached_stacks[NR_CACHED_STACKS]); static int free_vm_stack_cache(unsigned int cpu) { struct vm_struct **cached_vm_stacks = per_cpu_ptr(cached_stacks, cpu); int i; for (i = 0; i < NR_CACHED_STACKS; i++) { struct vm_struct *vm_stack = cached_vm_stacks[i]; if (!vm_stack) continue; vfree(vm_stack->addr); cached_vm_stacks[i] = NULL; } return 0; } #endif static unsigned long *alloc_thread_stack_node(struct task_struct *tsk, int node) { #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK void *stack; int i; for (i = 0; i < NR_CACHED_STACKS; i++) { struct vm_struct *s; s = this_cpu_xchg(cached_stacks[i], NULL); if (!s) continue; /* Clear the KASAN shadow of the stack. */ kasan_unpoison_shadow(s->addr, THREAD_SIZE); /* Clear stale pointers from reused stack. */ memset(s->addr, 0, THREAD_SIZE); tsk->stack_vm_area = s; tsk->stack = s->addr; return s->addr; } /* * Allocated stacks are cached and later reused by new threads, * so memcg accounting is performed manually on assigning/releasing * stacks to tasks. Drop __GFP_ACCOUNT. */ stack = __vmalloc_node_range(THREAD_SIZE, THREAD_ALIGN, VMALLOC_START, VMALLOC_END, THREADINFO_GFP & ~__GFP_ACCOUNT, PAGE_KERNEL, 0, node, __builtin_return_address(0)); /* * We can't call find_vm_area() in interrupt context, and * free_thread_stack() can be called in interrupt context, * so cache the vm_struct. */ if (stack) { tsk->stack_vm_area = find_vm_area(stack); tsk->stack = stack; } return stack; #else struct page *page = alloc_pages_node(node, THREADINFO_GFP, THREAD_SIZE_ORDER); if (likely(page)) { tsk->stack = kasan_reset_tag(page_address(page)); return tsk->stack; } return NULL; #endif } static inline void free_thread_stack(struct task_struct *tsk) { #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK struct vm_struct *vm = task_stack_vm_area(tsk); if (vm) { int i; for (i = 0; i < THREAD_SIZE / PAGE_SIZE; i++) memcg_kmem_uncharge_page(vm->pages[i], 0); for (i = 0; i < NR_CACHED_STACKS; i++) { if (this_cpu_cmpxchg(cached_stacks[i], NULL, tsk->stack_vm_area) != NULL) continue; return; } vfree_atomic(tsk->stack); return; } #endif __free_pages(virt_to_page(tsk->stack), THREAD_SIZE_ORDER); } # else static struct kmem_cache *thread_stack_cache; static unsigned long *alloc_thread_stack_node(struct task_struct *tsk, int node) { unsigned long *stack; stack = kmem_cache_alloc_node(thread_stack_cache, THREADINFO_GFP, node); stack = kasan_reset_tag(stack); tsk->stack = stack; return stack; } static void free_thread_stack(struct task_struct *tsk) { kmem_cache_free(thread_stack_cache, tsk->stack); } void thread_stack_cache_init(void) { thread_stack_cache = kmem_cache_create_usercopy("thread_stack", THREAD_SIZE, THREAD_SIZE, 0, 0, THREAD_SIZE, NULL); BUG_ON(thread_stack_cache == NULL); } # endif #endif /* SLAB cache for signal_struct structures (tsk->signal) */ static struct kmem_cache *signal_cachep; /* SLAB cache for sighand_struct structures (tsk->sighand) */ struct kmem_cache *sighand_cachep; /* SLAB cache for files_struct structures (tsk->files) */ struct kmem_cache *files_cachep; /* SLAB cache for fs_struct structures (tsk->fs) */ struct kmem_cache *fs_cachep; /* SLAB cache for vm_area_struct structures */ static struct kmem_cache *vm_area_cachep; /* SLAB cache for mm_struct structures (tsk->mm) */ static struct kmem_cache *mm_cachep; struct vm_area_struct *vm_area_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; vma = kmem_cache_alloc(vm_area_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (vma) vma_init(vma, mm); return vma; } struct vm_area_struct *vm_area_dup(struct vm_area_struct *orig) { struct vm_area_struct *new = kmem_cache_alloc(vm_area_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (new) { ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_WRITER(orig->vm_flags); ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_WRITER(orig->vm_file); /* * orig->shared.rb may be modified concurrently, but the clone * will be reinitialized. */ *new = data_race(*orig); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&new->anon_vma_chain); new->vm_next = new->vm_prev = NULL; } return new; } void vm_area_free(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { kmem_cache_free(vm_area_cachep, vma); } static void account_kernel_stack(struct task_struct *tsk, int account) { void *stack = task_stack_page(tsk); struct vm_struct *vm = task_stack_vm_area(tsk); /* All stack pages are in the same node. */ if (vm) mod_lruvec_page_state(vm->pages[0], NR_KERNEL_STACK_KB, account * (THREAD_SIZE / 1024)); else mod_lruvec_slab_state(stack, NR_KERNEL_STACK_KB, account * (THREAD_SIZE / 1024)); } static int memcg_charge_kernel_stack(struct task_struct *tsk) { #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK struct vm_struct *vm = task_stack_vm_area(tsk); int ret; BUILD_BUG_ON(IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_VMAP_STACK) && PAGE_SIZE % 1024 != 0); if (vm) { int i; BUG_ON(vm->nr_pages != THREAD_SIZE / PAGE_SIZE); for (i = 0; i < THREAD_SIZE / PAGE_SIZE; i++) { /* * If memcg_kmem_charge_page() fails, page->mem_cgroup * pointer is NULL, and memcg_kmem_uncharge_page() in * free_thread_stack() will ignore this page. */ ret = memcg_kmem_charge_page(vm->pages[i], GFP_KERNEL, 0); if (ret) return ret; } } #endif return 0; } static void release_task_stack(struct task_struct *tsk) { if (WARN_ON(tsk->state != TASK_DEAD)) return; /* Better to leak the stack than to free prematurely */ account_kernel_stack(tsk, -1); free_thread_stack(tsk); tsk->stack = NULL; #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK tsk->stack_vm_area = NULL; #endif } #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK void put_task_stack(struct task_struct *tsk) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&tsk->stack_refcount)) release_task_stack(tsk); } #endif void free_task(struct task_struct *tsk) { scs_release(tsk); #ifndef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK /* * The task is finally done with both the stack and thread_info, * so free both. */ release_task_stack(tsk); #else /* * If the task had a separate stack allocation, it should be gone * by now. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(refcount_read(&tsk->stack_refcount) != 0); #endif rt_mutex_debug_task_free(tsk); ftrace_graph_exit_task(tsk); arch_release_task_struct(tsk); if (tsk->flags & PF_KTHREAD) free_kthread_struct(tsk); free_task_struct(tsk); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(free_task); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU static __latent_entropy int dup_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm, struct mm_struct *oldmm) { struct vm_area_struct *mpnt, *tmp, *prev, **pprev; struct rb_node **rb_link, *rb_parent; int retval; unsigned long charge; LIST_HEAD(uf); uprobe_start_dup_mmap(); if (mmap_write_lock_killable(oldmm)) { retval = -EINTR; goto fail_uprobe_end; } flush_cache_dup_mm(oldmm); uprobe_dup_mmap(oldmm, mm); /* * Not linked in yet - no deadlock potential: */ mmap_write_lock_nested(mm, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING); /* No ordering required: file already has been exposed. */ RCU_INIT_POINTER(mm->exe_file, get_mm_exe_file(oldmm)); mm->total_vm = oldmm->total_vm; mm->data_vm = oldmm->data_vm; mm->exec_vm = oldmm->exec_vm; mm->stack_vm = oldmm->stack_vm; rb_link = &mm->mm_rb.rb_node; rb_parent = NULL; pprev = &mm->mmap; retval = ksm_fork(mm, oldmm); if (retval) goto out; retval = khugepaged_fork(mm, oldmm); if (retval) goto out; prev = NULL; for (mpnt = oldmm->mmap; mpnt; mpnt = mpnt->vm_next) { struct file *file; if (mpnt->vm_flags & VM_DONTCOPY) { vm_stat_account(mm, mpnt->vm_flags, -vma_pages(mpnt)); continue; } charge = 0; /* * Don't duplicate many vmas if we've been oom-killed (for * example) */ if (fatal_signal_pending(current)) { retval = -EINTR; goto out; } if (mpnt->vm_flags & VM_ACCOUNT) { unsigned long len = vma_pages(mpnt); if (security_vm_enough_memory_mm(oldmm, len)) /* sic */ goto fail_nomem; charge = len; } tmp = vm_area_dup(mpnt); if (!tmp) goto fail_nomem; retval = vma_dup_policy(mpnt, tmp); if (retval) goto fail_nomem_policy; tmp->vm_mm = mm; retval = dup_userfaultfd(tmp, &uf); if (retval) goto fail_nomem_anon_vma_fork; if (tmp->vm_flags & VM_WIPEONFORK) { /* * VM_WIPEONFORK gets a clean slate in the child. * Don't prepare anon_vma until fault since we don't * copy page for current vma. */ tmp->anon_vma = NULL; } else if (anon_vma_fork(tmp, mpnt)) goto fail_nomem_anon_vma_fork; tmp->vm_flags &= ~(VM_LOCKED | VM_LOCKONFAULT); file = tmp->vm_file; if (file) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(file); struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping; get_file(file); if (tmp->vm_flags & VM_DENYWRITE) put_write_access(inode); i_mmap_lock_write(mapping); if (tmp->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) mapping_allow_writable(mapping); flush_dcache_mmap_lock(mapping); /* insert tmp into the share list, just after mpnt */ vma_interval_tree_insert_after(tmp, mpnt, &mapping->i_mmap); flush_dcache_mmap_unlock(mapping); i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); } /* * Clear hugetlb-related page reserves for children. This only * affects MAP_PRIVATE mappings. Faults generated by the child * are not guaranteed to succeed, even if read-only */ if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(tmp)) reset_vma_resv_huge_pages(tmp); /* * Link in the new vma and copy the page table entries. */ *pprev = tmp; pprev = &tmp->vm_next; tmp->vm_prev = prev; prev = tmp; __vma_link_rb(mm, tmp, rb_link, rb_parent); rb_link = &tmp->vm_rb.rb_right; rb_parent = &tmp->vm_rb; mm->map_count++; if (!(tmp->vm_flags & VM_WIPEONFORK)) retval = copy_page_range(tmp, mpnt); if (tmp->vm_ops && tmp->vm_ops->open) tmp->vm_ops->open(tmp); if (retval) goto out; } /* a new mm has just been created */ retval = arch_dup_mmap(oldmm, mm); out: mmap_write_unlock(mm); flush_tlb_mm(oldmm); mmap_write_unlock(oldmm); dup_userfaultfd_complete(&uf); fail_uprobe_end: uprobe_end_dup_mmap(); return retval; fail_nomem_anon_vma_fork: mpol_put(vma_policy(tmp)); fail_nomem_policy: vm_area_free(tmp); fail_nomem: retval = -ENOMEM; vm_unacct_memory(charge); goto out; } static inline int mm_alloc_pgd(struct mm_struct *mm) { mm->pgd = pgd_alloc(mm); if (unlikely(!mm->pgd)) return -ENOMEM; return 0; } static inline void mm_free_pgd(struct mm_struct *mm) { pgd_free(mm, mm->pgd); } #else static int dup_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm, struct mm_struct *oldmm) { mmap_write_lock(oldmm); RCU_INIT_POINTER(mm->exe_file, get_mm_exe_file(oldmm)); mmap_write_unlock(oldmm); return 0; } #define mm_alloc_pgd(mm) (0) #define mm_free_pgd(mm) #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ static void check_mm(struct mm_struct *mm) { int i; BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG(ARRAY_SIZE(resident_page_types) != NR_MM_COUNTERS, "Please make sure 'struct resident_page_types[]' is updated as well"); for (i = 0; i < NR_MM_COUNTERS; i++) { long x = atomic_long_read(&mm->rss_stat.count[i]); if (unlikely(x)) pr_alert("BUG: Bad rss-counter state mm:%p type:%s val:%ld\n", mm, resident_page_types[i], x); } if (mm_pgtables_bytes(mm)) pr_alert("BUG: non-zero pgtables_bytes on freeing mm: %ld\n", mm_pgtables_bytes(mm)); #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && !USE_SPLIT_PMD_PTLOCKS VM_BUG_ON_MM(mm->pmd_huge_pte, mm); #endif } #define allocate_mm() (kmem_cache_alloc(mm_cachep, GFP_KERNEL)) #define free_mm(mm) (kmem_cache_free(mm_cachep, (mm))) /* * Called when the last reference to the mm * is dropped: either by a lazy thread or by * mmput. Free the page directory and the mm. */ void __mmdrop(struct mm_struct *mm) { BUG_ON(mm == &init_mm); WARN_ON_ONCE(mm == current->mm); WARN_ON_ONCE(mm == current->active_mm); mm_free_pgd(mm); destroy_context(mm); mmu_notifier_subscriptions_destroy(mm); check_mm(mm); put_user_ns(mm->user_ns); free_mm(mm); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__mmdrop); static void mmdrop_async_fn(struct work_struct *work) { struct mm_struct *mm; mm = container_of(work, struct mm_struct, async_put_work); __mmdrop(mm); } static void mmdrop_async(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (unlikely(atomic_dec_and_test(&mm->mm_count))) { INIT_WORK(&mm->async_put_work, mmdrop_async_fn); schedule_work(&mm->async_put_work); } } static inline void free_signal_struct(struct signal_struct *sig) { taskstats_tgid_free(sig); sched_autogroup_exit(sig); /* * __mmdrop is not safe to call from softirq context on x86 due to * pgd_dtor so postpone it to the async context */ if (sig->oom_mm) mmdrop_async(sig->oom_mm); kmem_cache_free(signal_cachep, sig); } static inline void put_signal_struct(struct signal_struct *sig) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&sig->sigcnt)) free_signal_struct(sig); } void __put_task_struct(struct task_struct *tsk) { WARN_ON(!tsk->exit_state); WARN_ON(refcount_read(&tsk->usage)); WARN_ON(tsk == current); io_uring_free(tsk); cgroup_free(tsk); task_numa_free(tsk, true); security_task_free(tsk); exit_creds(tsk); delayacct_tsk_free(tsk); put_signal_struct(tsk->signal); if (!profile_handoff_task(tsk)) free_task(tsk); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__put_task_struct); void __init __weak arch_task_cache_init(void) { } /* * set_max_threads */ static void set_max_threads(unsigned int max_threads_suggested) { u64 threads; unsigned long nr_pages = totalram_pages(); /* * The number of threads shall be limited such that the thread * structures may only consume a small part of the available memory. */ if (fls64(nr_pages) + fls64(PAGE_SIZE) > 64) threads = MAX_THREADS; else threads = div64_u64((u64) nr_pages * (u64) PAGE_SIZE, (u64) THREAD_SIZE * 8UL); if (threads > max_threads_suggested) threads = max_threads_suggested; max_threads = clamp_t(u64, threads, MIN_THREADS, MAX_THREADS); } #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WANTS_DYNAMIC_TASK_STRUCT /* Initialized by the architecture: */ int arch_task_struct_size __read_mostly; #endif #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_TASK_STRUCT_ALLOCATOR static void task_struct_whitelist(unsigned long *offset, unsigned long *size) { /* Fetch thread_struct whitelist for the architecture. */ arch_thread_struct_whitelist(offset, size); /* * Handle zero-sized whitelist or empty thread_struct, otherwise * adjust offset to position of thread_struct in task_struct. */ if (unlikely(*size == 0)) *offset = 0; else *offset += offsetof(struct task_struct, thread); } #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_TASK_STRUCT_ALLOCATOR */ void __init fork_init(void) { int i; #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_TASK_STRUCT_ALLOCATOR #ifndef ARCH_MIN_TASKALIGN #define ARCH_MIN_TASKALIGN 0 #endif int align = max_t(int, L1_CACHE_BYTES, ARCH_MIN_TASKALIGN); unsigned long useroffset, usersize; /* create a slab on which task_structs can be allocated */ task_struct_whitelist(&useroffset, &usersize); task_struct_cachep = kmem_cache_create_usercopy("task_struct", arch_task_struct_size, align, SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_ACCOUNT, useroffset, usersize, NULL); #endif /* do the arch specific task caches init */ arch_task_cache_init(); set_max_threads(MAX_THREADS); init_task.signal->rlim[RLIMIT_NPROC].rlim_cur = max_threads/2; init_task.signal->rlim[RLIMIT_NPROC].rlim_max = max_threads/2; init_task.signal->rlim[RLIMIT_SIGPENDING] = init_task.signal->rlim[RLIMIT_NPROC]; for (i = 0; i < UCOUNT_COUNTS; i++) { init_user_ns.ucount_max[i] = max_threads/2; } #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK cpuhp_setup_state(CPUHP_BP_PREPARE_DYN, "fork:vm_stack_cache", NULL, free_vm_stack_cache); #endif scs_init(); lockdep_init_task(&init_task); uprobes_init(); } int __weak arch_dup_task_struct(struct task_struct *dst, struct task_struct *src) { *dst = *src; return 0; } void set_task_stack_end_magic(struct task_struct *tsk) { unsigned long *stackend; stackend = end_of_stack(tsk); *stackend = STACK_END_MAGIC; /* for overflow detection */ } static struct task_struct *dup_task_struct(struct task_struct *orig, int node) { struct task_struct *tsk; unsigned long *stack; struct vm_struct *stack_vm_area __maybe_unused; int err; if (node == NUMA_NO_NODE) node = tsk_fork_get_node(orig); tsk = alloc_task_struct_node(node); if (!tsk) return NULL; stack = alloc_thread_stack_node(tsk, node); if (!stack) goto free_tsk; if (memcg_charge_kernel_stack(tsk)) goto free_stack; stack_vm_area = task_stack_vm_area(tsk); err = arch_dup_task_struct(tsk, orig); /* * arch_dup_task_struct() clobbers the stack-related fields. Make * sure they're properly initialized before using any stack-related * functions again. */ tsk->stack = stack; #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK tsk->stack_vm_area = stack_vm_area; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK refcount_set(&tsk->stack_refcount, 1); #endif if (err) goto free_stack; err = scs_prepare(tsk, node); if (err) goto free_stack; #ifdef CONFIG_SECCOMP /* * We must handle setting up seccomp filters once we're under * the sighand lock in case orig has changed between now and * then. Until then, filter must be NULL to avoid messing up * the usage counts on the error path calling free_task. */ tsk->seccomp.filter = NULL; #endif setup_thread_stack(tsk, orig); clear_user_return_notifier(tsk); clear_tsk_need_resched(tsk); set_task_stack_end_magic(tsk); #ifdef CONFIG_STACKPROTECTOR tsk->stack_canary = get_random_canary(); #endif if (orig->cpus_ptr == &orig->cpus_mask) tsk->cpus_ptr = &tsk->cpus_mask; /* * One for the user space visible state that goes away when reaped. * One for the scheduler. */ refcount_set(&tsk->rcu_users, 2); /* One for the rcu users */ refcount_set(&tsk->usage, 1); #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_IO_TRACE tsk->btrace_seq = 0; #endif tsk->splice_pipe = NULL; tsk->task_frag.page = NULL; tsk->wake_q.next = NULL; account_kernel_stack(tsk, 1); kcov_task_init(tsk); #ifdef CONFIG_FAULT_INJECTION tsk->fail_nth = 0; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP tsk->throttle_queue = NULL; tsk->use_memdelay = 0; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG tsk->active_memcg = NULL; #endif return tsk; free_stack: free_thread_stack(tsk); free_tsk: free_task_struct(tsk); return NULL; } __cacheline_aligned_in_smp DEFINE_SPINLOCK(mmlist_lock); static unsigned long default_dump_filter = MMF_DUMP_FILTER_DEFAULT; static int __init coredump_filter_setup(char *s) { default_dump_filter = (simple_strtoul(s, NULL, 0) << MMF_DUMP_FILTER_SHIFT) & MMF_DUMP_FILTER_MASK; return 1; } __setup("coredump_filter=", coredump_filter_setup); #include <linux/init_task.h> static void mm_init_aio(struct mm_struct *mm) { #ifdef CONFIG_AIO spin_lock_init(&mm->ioctx_lock); mm->ioctx_table = NULL; #endif } static __always_inline void mm_clear_owner(struct mm_struct *mm, struct task_struct *p) { #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG if (mm->owner == p) WRITE_ONCE(mm->owner, NULL); #endif } static void mm_init_owner(struct mm_struct *mm, struct task_struct *p) { #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG mm->owner = p; #endif } static void mm_init_pasid(struct mm_struct *mm) { #ifdef CONFIG_IOMMU_SUPPORT mm->pasid = INIT_PASID; #endif } static void mm_init_uprobes_state(struct mm_struct *mm) { #ifdef CONFIG_UPROBES mm->uprobes_state.xol_area = NULL; #endif } static struct mm_struct *mm_init(struct mm_struct *mm, struct task_struct *p, struct user_namespace *user_ns) { mm->mmap = NULL; mm->mm_rb = RB_ROOT; mm->vmacache_seqnum = 0; atomic_set(&mm->mm_users, 1); atomic_set(&mm->mm_count, 1); seqcount_init(&mm->write_protect_seq); mmap_init_lock(mm); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mm->mmlist); mm->core_state = NULL; mm_pgtables_bytes_init(mm); mm->map_count = 0; mm->locked_vm = 0; atomic_set(&mm->has_pinned, 0); atomic64_set(&mm->pinned_vm, 0); memset(&mm->rss_stat, 0, sizeof(mm->rss_stat)); spin_lock_init(&mm->page_table_lock); spin_lock_init(&mm->arg_lock); mm_init_cpumask(mm); mm_init_aio(mm); mm_init_owner(mm, p); mm_init_pasid(mm); RCU_INIT_POINTER(mm->exe_file, NULL); mmu_notifier_subscriptions_init(mm); init_tlb_flush_pending(mm); #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && !USE_SPLIT_PMD_PTLOCKS mm->pmd_huge_pte = NULL; #endif mm_init_uprobes_state(mm); hugetlb_count_init(mm); if (current->mm) { mm->flags = current->mm->flags & MMF_INIT_MASK; mm->def_flags = current->mm->def_flags & VM_INIT_DEF_MASK; } else { mm->flags = default_dump_filter; mm->def_flags = 0; } if (mm_alloc_pgd(mm)) goto fail_nopgd; if (init_new_context(p, mm)) goto fail_nocontext; mm->user_ns = get_user_ns(user_ns); return mm; fail_nocontext: mm_free_pgd(mm); fail_nopgd: free_mm(mm); return NULL; } /* * Allocate and initialize an mm_struct. */ struct mm_struct *mm_alloc(void) { struct mm_struct *mm; mm = allocate_mm(); if (!mm) return NULL; memset(mm, 0, sizeof(*mm)); return mm_init(mm, current, current_user_ns()); } static inline void __mmput(struct mm_struct *mm) { VM_BUG_ON(atomic_read(&mm->mm_users)); uprobe_clear_state(mm); exit_aio(mm); ksm_exit(mm); khugepaged_exit(mm); /* must run before exit_mmap */ exit_mmap(mm); mm_put_huge_zero_page(mm); set_mm_exe_file(mm, NULL); if (!list_empty(&mm->mmlist)) { spin_lock(&mmlist_lock); list_del(&mm->mmlist); spin_unlock(&mmlist_lock); } if (mm->binfmt) module_put(mm->binfmt->module); mmdrop(mm); } /* * Decrement the use count and release all resources for an mm. */ void mmput(struct mm_struct *mm) { might_sleep(); if (atomic_dec_and_test(&mm->mm_users)) __mmput(mm); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mmput); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU static void mmput_async_fn(struct work_struct *work) { struct mm_struct *mm = container_of(work, struct mm_struct, async_put_work); __mmput(mm); } void mmput_async(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (atomic_dec_and_test(&mm->mm_users)) { INIT_WORK(&mm->async_put_work, mmput_async_fn); schedule_work(&mm->async_put_work); } } #endif /** * set_mm_exe_file - change a reference to the mm's executable file * * This changes mm's executable file (shown as symlink /proc/[pid]/exe). * * Main users are mmput() and sys_execve(). Callers prevent concurrent * invocations: in mmput() nobody alive left, in execve task is single * threaded. sys_prctl(PR_SET_MM_MAP/EXE_FILE) also needs to set the * mm->exe_file, but does so without using set_mm_exe_file() in order * to do avoid the need for any locks. */ void set_mm_exe_file(struct mm_struct *mm, struct file *new_exe_file) { struct file *old_exe_file; /* * It is safe to dereference the exe_file without RCU as * this function is only called if nobody else can access * this mm -- see comment above for justification. */ old_exe_file = rcu_dereference_raw(mm->exe_file); if (new_exe_file) get_file(new_exe_file); rcu_assign_pointer(mm->exe_file, new_exe_file); if (old_exe_file) fput(old_exe_file); } /** * get_mm_exe_file - acquire a reference to the mm's executable file * * Returns %NULL if mm has no associated executable file. * User must release file via fput(). */ struct file *get_mm_exe_file(struct mm_struct *mm) { struct file *exe_file; rcu_read_lock(); exe_file = rcu_dereference(mm->exe_file); if (exe_file && !get_file_rcu(exe_file)) exe_file = NULL; rcu_read_unlock(); return exe_file; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_mm_exe_file); /** * get_task_exe_file - acquire a reference to the task's executable file * * Returns %NULL if task's mm (if any) has no associated executable file or * this is a kernel thread with borrowed mm (see the comment above get_task_mm). * User must release file via fput(). */ struct file *get_task_exe_file(struct task_struct *task) { struct file *exe_file = NULL; struct mm_struct *mm; task_lock(task); mm = task->mm; if (mm) { if (!(task->flags & PF_KTHREAD)) exe_file = get_mm_exe_file(mm); } task_unlock(task); return exe_file; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_task_exe_file); /** * get_task_mm - acquire a reference to the task's mm * * Returns %NULL if the task has no mm. Checks PF_KTHREAD (meaning * this kernel workthread has transiently adopted a user mm with use_mm, * to do its AIO) is not set and if so returns a reference to it, after * bumping up the use count. User must release the mm via mmput() * after use. Typically used by /proc and ptrace. */ struct mm_struct *get_task_mm(struct task_struct *task) { struct mm_struct *mm; task_lock(task); mm = task->mm; if (mm) { if (task->flags & PF_KTHREAD) mm = NULL; else mmget(mm); } task_unlock(task); return mm; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_task_mm); struct mm_struct *mm_access(struct task_struct *task, unsigned int mode) { struct mm_struct *mm; int err; err = down_read_killable(&task->signal->exec_update_lock); if (err) return ERR_PTR(err); mm = get_task_mm(task); if (mm && mm != current->mm && !ptrace_may_access(task, mode)) { mmput(mm); mm = ERR_PTR(-EACCES); } up_read(&task->signal->exec_update_lock); return mm; } static void complete_vfork_done(struct task_struct *tsk) { struct completion *vfork; task_lock(tsk); vfork = tsk->vfork_done; if (likely(vfork)) { tsk->vfork_done = NULL; complete(vfork); } task_unlock(tsk); } static int wait_for_vfork_done(struct task_struct *child, struct completion *vfork) { int killed; freezer_do_not_count(); cgroup_enter_frozen(); killed = wait_for_completion_killable(vfork); cgroup_leave_frozen(false); freezer_count(); if (killed) { task_lock(child); child->vfork_done = NULL; task_unlock(child); } put_task_struct(child); return killed; } /* Please note the differences between mmput and mm_release. * mmput is called whenever we stop holding onto a mm_struct, * error success whatever. * * mm_release is called after a mm_struct has been removed * from the current process. * * This difference is important for error handling, when we * only half set up a mm_struct for a new process and need to restore * the old one. Because we mmput the new mm_struct before * restoring the old one. . . * Eric Biederman 10 January 1998 */ static void mm_release(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm) { uprobe_free_utask(tsk); /* Get rid of any cached register state */ deactivate_mm(tsk, mm); /* * Signal userspace if we're not exiting with a core dump * because we want to leave the value intact for debugging * purposes. */ if (tsk->clear_child_tid) { if (!(tsk->signal->flags & SIGNAL_GROUP_COREDUMP) && atomic_read(&mm->mm_users) > 1) { /* * We don't check the error code - if userspace has * not set up a proper pointer then tough luck. */ put_user(0, tsk->clear_child_tid); do_futex(tsk->clear_child_tid, FUTEX_WAKE, 1, NULL, NULL, 0, 0); } tsk->clear_child_tid = NULL; } /* * All done, finally we can wake up parent and return this mm to him. * Also kthread_stop() uses this completion for synchronization. */ if (tsk->vfork_done) complete_vfork_done(tsk); } void exit_mm_release(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm) { futex_exit_release(tsk); mm_release(tsk, mm); } void exec_mm_release(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm) { futex_exec_release(tsk); mm_release(tsk, mm); } /** * dup_mm() - duplicates an existing mm structure * @tsk: the task_struct with which the new mm will be associated. * @oldmm: the mm to duplicate. * * Allocates a new mm structure and duplicates the provided @oldmm structure * content into it. * * Return: the duplicated mm or NULL on failure. */ static struct mm_struct *dup_mm(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *oldmm) { struct mm_struct *mm; int err; mm = allocate_mm(); if (!mm) goto fail_nomem; memcpy(mm, oldmm, sizeof(*mm)); if (!mm_init(mm, tsk, mm->user_ns)) goto fail_nomem; err = dup_mmap(mm, oldmm); if (err) goto free_pt; mm->hiwater_rss = get_mm_rss(mm); mm->hiwater_vm = mm->total_vm; if (mm->binfmt && !try_module_get(mm->binfmt->module)) goto free_pt; return mm; free_pt: /* don't put binfmt in mmput, we haven't got module yet */ mm->binfmt = NULL; mm_init_owner(mm, NULL); mmput(mm); fail_nomem: return NULL; } static int copy_mm(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *tsk) { struct mm_struct *mm, *oldmm; int retval; tsk->min_flt = tsk->maj_flt = 0; tsk->nvcsw = tsk->nivcsw = 0; #ifdef CONFIG_DETECT_HUNG_TASK tsk->last_switch_count = tsk->nvcsw + tsk->nivcsw; tsk->last_switch_time = 0; #endif tsk->mm = NULL; tsk->active_mm = NULL; /* * Are we cloning a kernel thread? * * We need to steal a active VM for that.. */ oldmm = current->mm; if (!oldmm) return 0; /* initialize the new vmacache entries */ vmacache_flush(tsk); if (clone_flags & CLONE_VM) { mmget(oldmm); mm = oldmm; goto good_mm; } retval = -ENOMEM; mm = dup_mm(tsk, current->mm); if (!mm) goto fail_nomem; good_mm: tsk->mm = mm; tsk->active_mm = mm; return 0; fail_nomem: return retval; } static int copy_fs(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *tsk) { struct fs_struct *fs = current->fs; if (clone_flags & CLONE_FS) { /* tsk->fs is already what we want */ spin_lock(&fs->lock); if (fs->in_exec) { spin_unlock(&fs->lock); return -EAGAIN; } fs->users++; spin_unlock(&fs->lock); return 0; } tsk->fs = copy_fs_struct(fs); if (!tsk->fs) return -ENOMEM; return 0; } static int copy_files(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *tsk) { struct files_struct *oldf, *newf; int error = 0; /* * A background process may not have any files ... */ oldf = current->files; if (!oldf) goto out; if (clone_flags & CLONE_FILES) { atomic_inc(&oldf->count); goto out; } newf = dup_fd(oldf, NR_OPEN_MAX, &error); if (!newf) goto out; tsk->files = newf; error = 0; out: return error; } static int copy_io(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *tsk) { #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK struct io_context *ioc = current->io_context; struct io_context *new_ioc; if (!ioc) return 0; /* * Share io context with parent, if CLONE_IO is set */ if (clone_flags & CLONE_IO) { ioc_task_link(ioc); tsk->io_context = ioc; } else if (ioprio_valid(ioc->ioprio)) { new_ioc = get_task_io_context(tsk, GFP_KERNEL, NUMA_NO_NODE); if (unlikely(!new_ioc)) return -ENOMEM; new_ioc->ioprio = ioc->ioprio; put_io_context(new_ioc); } #endif return 0; } static int copy_sighand(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *tsk) { struct sighand_struct *sig; if (clone_flags & CLONE_SIGHAND) { refcount_inc(&current->sighand->count); return 0; } sig = kmem_cache_alloc(sighand_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); RCU_INIT_POINTER(tsk->sighand, sig); if (!sig) return -ENOMEM; refcount_set(&sig->count, 1); spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock); memcpy(sig->action, current->sighand->action, sizeof(sig->action)); spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock); /* Reset all signal handler not set to SIG_IGN to SIG_DFL. */ if (clone_flags & CLONE_CLEAR_SIGHAND) flush_signal_handlers(tsk, 0); return 0; } void __cleanup_sighand(struct sighand_struct *sighand) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&sighand->count)) { signalfd_cleanup(sighand); /* * sighand_cachep is SLAB_TYPESAFE_BY_RCU so we can free it * without an RCU grace period, see __lock_task_sighand(). */ kmem_cache_free(sighand_cachep, sighand); } } /* * Initialize POSIX timer handling for a thread group. */ static void posix_cpu_timers_init_group(struct signal_struct *sig) { struct posix_cputimers *pct = &sig->posix_cputimers; unsigned long cpu_limit; cpu_limit = READ_ONCE(sig->rlim[RLIMIT_CPU].rlim_cur); posix_cputimers_group_init(pct, cpu_limit); } static int copy_signal(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *tsk) { struct signal_struct *sig; if (clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD) return 0; sig = kmem_cache_zalloc(signal_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); tsk->signal = sig; if (!sig) return -ENOMEM; sig->nr_threads = 1; atomic_set(&sig->live, 1); refcount_set(&sig->sigcnt, 1); /* list_add(thread_node, thread_head) without INIT_LIST_HEAD() */ sig->thread_head = (struct list_head)LIST_HEAD_INIT(tsk->thread_node); tsk->thread_node = (struct list_head)LIST_HEAD_INIT(sig->thread_head); init_waitqueue_head(&sig->wait_chldexit); sig->curr_target = tsk; init_sigpending(&sig->shared_pending); INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&sig->multiprocess); seqlock_init(&sig->stats_lock); prev_cputime_init(&sig->prev_cputime); #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sig->posix_timers); hrtimer_init(&sig->real_timer, CLOCK_MONOTONIC, HRTIMER_MODE_REL); sig->real_timer.function = it_real_fn; #endif task_lock(current->group_leader); memcpy(sig->rlim, current->signal->rlim, sizeof sig->rlim); task_unlock(current->group_leader); posix_cpu_timers_init_group(sig); tty_audit_fork(sig); sched_autogroup_fork(sig); sig->oom_score_adj = current->signal->oom_score_adj; sig->oom_score_adj_min = current->signal->oom_score_adj_min; mutex_init(&sig->cred_guard_mutex); init_rwsem(&sig->exec_update_lock); return 0; } static void copy_seccomp(struct task_struct *p) { #ifdef CONFIG_SECCOMP /* * Must be called with sighand->lock held, which is common to * all threads in the group. Holding cred_guard_mutex is not * needed because this new task is not yet running and cannot * be racing exec. */ assert_spin_locked(&current->sighand->siglock); /* Ref-count the new filter user, and assign it. */ get_seccomp_filter(current); p->seccomp = current->seccomp; /* * Explicitly enable no_new_privs here in case it got set * between the task_struct being duplicated and holding the * sighand lock. The seccomp state and nnp must be in sync. */ if (task_no_new_privs(current)) task_set_no_new_privs(p); /* * If the parent gained a seccomp mode after copying thread * flags and between before we held the sighand lock, we have * to manually enable the seccomp thread flag here. */ if (p->seccomp.mode != SECCOMP_MODE_DISABLED) set_tsk_thread_flag(p, TIF_SECCOMP); #endif } SYSCALL_DEFINE1(set_tid_address, int __user *, tidptr) { current->clear_child_tid = tidptr; return task_pid_vnr(current); } static void rt_mutex_init_task(struct task_struct *p) { raw_spin_lock_init(&p->pi_lock); #ifdef CONFIG_RT_MUTEXES p->pi_waiters = RB_ROOT_CACHED; p->pi_top_task = NULL; p->pi_blocked_on = NULL; #endif } static inline void init_task_pid_links(struct task_struct *task) { enum pid_type type; for (type = PIDTYPE_PID; type < PIDTYPE_MAX; ++type) { INIT_HLIST_NODE(&task->pid_links[type]); } } static inline void init_task_pid(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type type, struct pid *pid) { if (type == PIDTYPE_PID) task->thread_pid = pid; else task->signal->pids[type] = pid; } static inline void rcu_copy_process(struct task_struct *p) { #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU p->rcu_read_lock_nesting = 0; p->rcu_read_unlock_special.s = 0; p->rcu_blocked_node = NULL; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->rcu_node_entry); #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU */ #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU p->rcu_tasks_holdout = false; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->rcu_tasks_holdout_list); p->rcu_tasks_idle_cpu = -1; #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU */ #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_TRACE_RCU p->trc_reader_nesting = 0; p->trc_reader_special.s = 0; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->trc_holdout_list); #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_TRACE_RCU */ } struct pid *pidfd_pid(const struct file *file) { if (file->f_op == &pidfd_fops) return file->private_data; return ERR_PTR(-EBADF); } static int pidfd_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { struct pid *pid = file->private_data; file->private_data = NULL; put_pid(pid); return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS /** * pidfd_show_fdinfo - print information about a pidfd * @m: proc fdinfo file * @f: file referencing a pidfd * * Pid: * This function will print the pid that a given pidfd refers to in the * pid namespace of the procfs instance. * If the pid namespace of the process is not a descendant of the pid * namespace of the procfs instance 0 will be shown as its pid. This is * similar to calling getppid() on a process whose parent is outside of * its pid namespace. * * NSpid: * If pid namespaces are supported then this function will also print * the pid of a given pidfd refers to for all descendant pid namespaces * starting from the current pid namespace of the instance, i.e. the * Pid field and the first entry in the NSpid field will be identical. * If the pid namespace of the process is not a descendant of the pid * namespace of the procfs instance 0 will be shown as its first NSpid * entry and no others will be shown. * Note that this differs from the Pid and NSpid fields in * /proc/<pid>/status where Pid and NSpid are always shown relative to * the pid namespace of the procfs instance. The difference becomes * obvious when sending around a pidfd between pid namespaces from a * different branch of the tree, i.e. where no ancestoral relation is * present between the pid namespaces: * - create two new pid namespaces ns1 and ns2 in the initial pid * namespace (also take care to create new mount namespaces in the * new pid namespace and mount procfs) * - create a process with a pidfd in ns1 * - send pidfd from ns1 to ns2 * - read /proc/self/fdinfo/<pidfd> and observe that both Pid and NSpid * have exactly one entry, which is 0 */ static void pidfd_show_fdinfo(struct seq_file *m, struct file *f) { struct pid *pid = f->private_data; struct pid_namespace *ns; pid_t nr = -1; if (likely(pid_has_task(pid, PIDTYPE_PID))) { ns = proc_pid_ns(file_inode(m->file)->i_sb); nr = pid_nr_ns(pid, ns); } seq_put_decimal_ll(m, "Pid:\t", nr); #ifdef CONFIG_PID_NS seq_put_decimal_ll(m, "\nNSpid:\t", nr); if (nr > 0) { int i; /* If nr is non-zero it means that 'pid' is valid and that * ns, i.e. the pid namespace associated with the procfs * instance, is in the pid namespace hierarchy of pid. * Start at one below the already printed level. */ for (i = ns->level + 1; i <= pid->level; i++) seq_put_decimal_ll(m, "\t", pid->numbers[i].nr); } #endif seq_putc(m, '\n'); } #endif /* * Poll support for process exit notification. */ static __poll_t pidfd_poll(struct file *file, struct poll_table_struct *pts) { struct pid *pid = file->private_data; __poll_t poll_flags = 0; poll_wait(file, &pid->wait_pidfd, pts); /* * Inform pollers only when the whole thread group exits. * If the thread group leader exits before all other threads in the * group, then poll(2) should block, similar to the wait(2) family. */ if (thread_group_exited(pid)) poll_flags = EPOLLIN | EPOLLRDNORM; return poll_flags; } const struct file_operations pidfd_fops = { .release = pidfd_release, .poll = pidfd_poll, #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS .show_fdinfo = pidfd_show_fdinfo, #endif }; static void __delayed_free_task(struct rcu_head *rhp) { struct task_struct *tsk = container_of(rhp, struct task_struct, rcu); free_task(tsk); } static __always_inline void delayed_free_task(struct task_struct *tsk) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MEMCG)) call_rcu(&tsk->rcu, __delayed_free_task); else free_task(tsk); } static void copy_oom_score_adj(u64 clone_flags, struct task_struct *tsk) { /* Skip if kernel thread */ if (!tsk->mm) return; /* Skip if spawning a thread or using vfork */ if ((clone_flags & (CLONE_VM | CLONE_THREAD | CLONE_VFORK)) != CLONE_VM) return; /* We need to synchronize with __set_oom_adj */ mutex_lock(&oom_adj_mutex); set_bit(MMF_MULTIPROCESS, &tsk->mm->flags); /* Update the values in case they were changed after copy_signal */ tsk->signal->oom_score_adj = current->signal->oom_score_adj; tsk->signal->oom_score_adj_min = current->signal->oom_score_adj_min; mutex_unlock(&oom_adj_mutex); } /* * This creates a new process as a copy of the old one, * but does not actually start it yet. * * It copies the registers, and all the appropriate * parts of the process environment (as per the clone * flags). The actual kick-off is left to the caller. */ static __latent_entropy struct task_struct *copy_process( struct pid *pid, int trace, int node, struct kernel_clone_args *args) { int pidfd = -1, retval; struct task_struct *p; struct multiprocess_signals delayed; struct file *pidfile = NULL; u64 clone_flags = args->flags; struct nsproxy *nsp = current->nsproxy; /* * Don't allow sharing the root directory with processes in a different * namespace */ if ((clone_flags & (CLONE_NEWNS|CLONE_FS)) == (CLONE_NEWNS|CLONE_FS)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); if ((clone_flags & (CLONE_NEWUSER|CLONE_FS)) == (CLONE_NEWUSER|CLONE_FS)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); /* * Thread groups must share signals as well, and detached threads * can only be started up within the thread group. */ if ((clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD) && !(clone_flags & CLONE_SIGHAND)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); /* * Shared signal handlers imply shared VM. By way of the above, * thread groups also imply shared VM. Blocking this case allows * for various simplifications in other code. */ if ((clone_flags & CLONE_SIGHAND) && !(clone_flags & CLONE_VM)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); /* * Siblings of global init remain as zombies on exit since they are * not reaped by their parent (swapper). To solve this and to avoid * multi-rooted process trees, prevent global and container-inits * from creating siblings. */ if ((clone_flags & CLONE_PARENT) && current->signal->flags & SIGNAL_UNKILLABLE) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); /* * If the new process will be in a different pid or user namespace * do not allow it to share a thread group with the forking task. */ if (clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD) { if ((clone_flags & (CLONE_NEWUSER | CLONE_NEWPID)) || (task_active_pid_ns(current) != nsp->pid_ns_for_children)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } /* * If the new process will be in a different time namespace * do not allow it to share VM or a thread group with the forking task. */ if (clone_flags & (CLONE_THREAD | CLONE_VM)) { if (nsp->time_ns != nsp->time_ns_for_children) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } if (clone_flags & CLONE_PIDFD) { /* * - CLONE_DETACHED is blocked so that we can potentially * reuse it later for CLONE_PIDFD. * - CLONE_THREAD is blocked until someone really needs it. */ if (clone_flags & (CLONE_DETACHED | CLONE_THREAD)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } /* * Force any signals received before this point to be delivered * before the fork happens. Collect up signals sent to multiple * processes that happen during the fork and delay them so that * they appear to happen after the fork. */ sigemptyset(&delayed.signal); INIT_HLIST_NODE(&delayed.node); spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock); if (!(clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD)) hlist_add_head(&delayed.node, &current->signal->multiprocess); recalc_sigpending(); spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock); retval = -ERESTARTNOINTR; if (signal_pending(current)) goto fork_out; retval = -ENOMEM; p = dup_task_struct(current, node); if (!p) goto fork_out; /* * This _must_ happen before we call free_task(), i.e. before we jump * to any of the bad_fork_* labels. This is to avoid freeing * p->set_child_tid which is (ab)used as a kthread's data pointer for * kernel threads (PF_KTHREAD). */ p->set_child_tid = (clone_flags & CLONE_CHILD_SETTID) ? args->child_tid : NULL; /* * Clear TID on mm_release()? */ p->clear_child_tid = (clone_flags & CLONE_CHILD_CLEARTID) ? args->child_tid : NULL; ftrace_graph_init_task(p); rt_mutex_init_task(p); lockdep_assert_irqs_enabled(); #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(!p->softirqs_enabled); #endif retval = -EAGAIN; if (atomic_read(&p->real_cred->user->processes) >= task_rlimit(p, RLIMIT_NPROC)) { if (p->real_cred->user != INIT_USER && !capable(CAP_SYS_RESOURCE) && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) goto bad_fork_free; } current->flags &= ~PF_NPROC_EXCEEDED; retval = copy_creds(p, clone_flags); if (retval < 0) goto bad_fork_free; /* * If multiple threads are within copy_process(), then this check * triggers too late. This doesn't hurt, the check is only there * to stop root fork bombs. */ retval = -EAGAIN; if (data_race(nr_threads >= max_threads)) goto bad_fork_cleanup_count; delayacct_tsk_init(p); /* Must remain after dup_task_struct() */ p->flags &= ~(PF_SUPERPRIV | PF_WQ_WORKER | PF_IDLE); p->flags |= PF_FORKNOEXEC; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->children); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->sibling); rcu_copy_process(p); p->vfork_done = NULL; spin_lock_init(&p->alloc_lock); init_sigpending(&p->pending); p->utime = p->stime = p->gtime = 0; #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SCALED_CPUTIME p->utimescaled = p->stimescaled = 0; #endif prev_cputime_init(&p->prev_cputime); #ifdef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_GEN seqcount_init(&p->vtime.seqcount); p->vtime.starttime = 0; p->vtime.state = VTIME_INACTIVE; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_IO_URING p->io_uring = NULL; #endif #if defined(SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING) memset(&p->rss_stat, 0, sizeof(p->rss_stat)); #endif p->default_timer_slack_ns = current->timer_slack_ns; #ifdef CONFIG_PSI p->psi_flags = 0; #endif task_io_accounting_init(&p->ioac); acct_clear_integrals(p); posix_cputimers_init(&p->posix_cputimers); p->io_context = NULL; audit_set_context(p, NULL); cgroup_fork(p); #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA p->mempolicy = mpol_dup(p->mempolicy); if (IS_ERR(p->mempolicy)) { retval = PTR_ERR(p->mempolicy); p->mempolicy = NULL; goto bad_fork_cleanup_threadgroup_lock; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_CPUSETS p->cpuset_mem_spread_rotor = NUMA_NO_NODE; p->cpuset_slab_spread_rotor = NUMA_NO_NODE; seqcount_spinlock_init(&p->mems_allowed_seq, &p->alloc_lock); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS memset(&p->irqtrace, 0, sizeof(p->irqtrace)); p->irqtrace.hardirq_disable_ip = _THIS_IP_; p->irqtrace.softirq_enable_ip = _THIS_IP_; p->softirqs_enabled = 1; p->softirq_context = 0; #endif p->pagefault_disabled = 0; #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP lockdep_init_task(p); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_MUTEXES p->blocked_on = NULL; /* not blocked yet */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_BCACHE p->sequential_io = 0; p->sequential_io_avg = 0; #endif /* Perform scheduler related setup. Assign this task to a CPU. */ retval = sched_fork(clone_flags, p); if (retval) goto bad_fork_cleanup_policy; retval = perf_event_init_task(p); if (retval) goto bad_fork_cleanup_policy; retval = audit_alloc(p); if (retval) goto bad_fork_cleanup_perf; /* copy all the process information */ shm_init_task(p); retval = security_task_alloc(p, clone_flags); if (retval) goto bad_fork_cleanup_audit; retval = copy_semundo(clone_flags, p); if (retval) goto bad_fork_cleanup_security; retval = copy_files(clone_flags, p); if (retval) goto bad_fork_cleanup_semundo; retval = copy_fs(clone_flags, p); if (retval) goto bad_fork_cleanup_files; retval = copy_sighand(clone_flags, p); if (retval) goto bad_fork_cleanup_fs; retval = copy_signal(clone_flags, p); if (retval) goto bad_fork_cleanup_sighand; retval = copy_mm(clone_flags, p); if (retval) goto bad_fork_cleanup_signal; retval = copy_namespaces(clone_flags, p); if (retval) goto bad_fork_cleanup_mm; retval = copy_io(clone_flags, p); if (retval) goto bad_fork_cleanup_namespaces; retval = copy_thread(clone_flags, args->stack, args->stack_size, p, args->tls); if (retval) goto bad_fork_cleanup_io; stackleak_task_init(p); if (pid != &init_struct_pid) { pid = alloc_pid(p->nsproxy->pid_ns_for_children, args->set_tid, args->set_tid_size); if (IS_ERR(pid)) { retval = PTR_ERR(pid); goto bad_fork_cleanup_thread; } } /* * This has to happen after we've potentially unshared the file * descriptor table (so that the pidfd doesn't leak into the child * if the fd table isn't shared). */ if (clone_flags & CLONE_PIDFD) { retval = get_unused_fd_flags(O_RDWR | O_CLOEXEC); if (retval < 0) goto bad_fork_free_pid; pidfd = retval; pidfile = anon_inode_getfile("[pidfd]", &pidfd_fops, pid, O_RDWR | O_CLOEXEC); if (IS_ERR(pidfile)) { put_unused_fd(pidfd); retval = PTR_ERR(pidfile); goto bad_fork_free_pid; } get_pid(pid); /* held by pidfile now */ retval = put_user(pidfd, args->pidfd); if (retval) goto bad_fork_put_pidfd; } #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK p->plug = NULL; #endif futex_init_task(p); /* * sigaltstack should be cleared when sharing the same VM */ if ((clone_flags & (CLONE_VM|CLONE_VFORK)) == CLONE_VM) sas_ss_reset(p); /* * Syscall tracing and stepping should be turned off in the * child regardless of CLONE_PTRACE. */ user_disable_single_step(p); clear_tsk_thread_flag(p, TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE); #ifdef TIF_SYSCALL_EMU clear_tsk_thread_flag(p, TIF_SYSCALL_EMU); #endif clear_tsk_latency_tracing(p); /* ok, now we should be set up.. */ p->pid = pid_nr(pid); if (clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD) { p->group_leader = current->group_leader; p->tgid = current->tgid; } else { p->group_leader = p; p->tgid = p->pid; } p->nr_dirtied = 0; p->nr_dirtied_pause = 128 >> (PAGE_SHIFT - 10); p->dirty_paused_when = 0; p->pdeath_signal = 0; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->thread_group); p->task_works = NULL; clear_posix_cputimers_work(p); /* * Ensure that the cgroup subsystem policies allow the new process to be * forked. It should be noted that the new process's css_set can be changed * between here and cgroup_post_fork() if an organisation operation is in * progress. */ retval = cgroup_can_fork(p, args); if (retval) goto bad_fork_put_pidfd; /* * From this point on we must avoid any synchronous user-space * communication until we take the tasklist-lock. In particular, we do * not want user-space to be able to predict the process start-time by * stalling fork(2) after we recorded the start_time but before it is * visible to the system. */ p->start_time = ktime_get_ns(); p->start_boottime = ktime_get_boottime_ns(); /* * Make it visible to the rest of the system, but dont wake it up yet. * Need tasklist lock for parent etc handling! */ write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock); /* CLONE_PARENT re-uses the old parent */ if (clone_flags & (CLONE_PARENT|CLONE_THREAD)) { p->real_parent = current->real_parent; p->parent_exec_id = current->parent_exec_id; if (clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD) p->exit_signal = -1; else p->exit_signal = current->group_leader->exit_signal; } else { p->real_parent = current; p->parent_exec_id = current->self_exec_id; p->exit_signal = args->exit_signal; } klp_copy_process(p); spin_lock(&current->sighand->siglock); /* * Copy seccomp details explicitly here, in case they were changed * before holding sighand lock. */ copy_seccomp(p); rseq_fork(p, clone_flags); /* Don't start children in a dying pid namespace */ if (unlikely(!(ns_of_pid(pid)->pid_allocated & PIDNS_ADDING))) { retval = -ENOMEM; goto bad_fork_cancel_cgroup; } /* Let kill terminate clone/fork in the middle */ if (fatal_signal_pending(current)) { retval = -EINTR; goto bad_fork_cancel_cgroup; } /* past the last point of failure */ if (pidfile) fd_install(pidfd, pidfile); init_task_pid_links(p); if (likely(p->pid)) { ptrace_init_task(p, (clone_flags & CLONE_PTRACE) || trace); init_task_pid(p, PIDTYPE_PID, pid); if (thread_group_leader(p)) { init_task_pid(p, PIDTYPE_TGID, pid); init_task_pid(p, PIDTYPE_PGID, task_pgrp(current)); init_task_pid(p, PIDTYPE_SID, task_session(current)); if (is_child_reaper(pid)) { ns_of_pid(pid)->child_reaper = p; p->signal->flags |= SIGNAL_UNKILLABLE; } p->signal->shared_pending.signal = delayed.signal; p->signal->tty = tty_kref_get(current->signal->tty); /* * Inherit has_child_subreaper flag under the same * tasklist_lock with adding child to the process tree * for propagate_has_child_subreaper optimization. */ p->signal->has_child_subreaper = p->real_parent->signal->has_child_subreaper || p->real_parent->signal->is_child_subreaper; list_add_tail(&p->sibling, &p->real_parent->children); list_add_tail_rcu(&p->tasks, &init_task.tasks); attach_pid(p, PIDTYPE_TGID); attach_pid(p, PIDTYPE_PGID); attach_pid(p, PIDTYPE_SID); __this_cpu_inc(process_counts); } else { current->signal->nr_threads++; atomic_inc(&current->signal->live); refcount_inc(&current->signal->sigcnt); task_join_group_stop(p); list_add_tail_rcu(&p->thread_group, &p->group_leader->thread_group); list_add_tail_rcu(&p->thread_node, &p->signal->thread_head); } attach_pid(p, PIDTYPE_PID); nr_threads++; } total_forks++; hlist_del_init(&delayed.node); spin_unlock(&current->sighand->siglock); syscall_tracepoint_update(p); write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock); proc_fork_connector(p); sched_post_fork(p, args); cgroup_post_fork(p, args); perf_event_fork(p); trace_task_newtask(p, clone_flags); uprobe_copy_process(p, clone_flags); copy_oom_score_adj(clone_flags, p); return p; bad_fork_cancel_cgroup: spin_unlock(&current->sighand->siglock); write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock); cgroup_cancel_fork(p, args); bad_fork_put_pidfd: if (clone_flags & CLONE_PIDFD) { fput(pidfile); put_unused_fd(pidfd); } bad_fork_free_pid: if (pid != &init_struct_pid) free_pid(pid); bad_fork_cleanup_thread: exit_thread(p); bad_fork_cleanup_io: if (p->io_context) exit_io_context(p); bad_fork_cleanup_namespaces: exit_task_namespaces(p); bad_fork_cleanup_mm: if (p->mm) { mm_clear_owner(p->mm, p); mmput(p->mm); } bad_fork_cleanup_signal: if (!(clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD)) free_signal_struct(p->signal); bad_fork_cleanup_sighand: __cleanup_sighand(p->sighand); bad_fork_cleanup_fs: exit_fs(p); /* blocking */ bad_fork_cleanup_files: exit_files(p); /* blocking */ bad_fork_cleanup_semundo: exit_sem(p); bad_fork_cleanup_security: security_task_free(p); bad_fork_cleanup_audit: audit_free(p); bad_fork_cleanup_perf: perf_event_free_task(p); bad_fork_cleanup_policy: lockdep_free_task(p); #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA mpol_put(p->mempolicy); bad_fork_cleanup_threadgroup_lock: #endif delayacct_tsk_free(p); bad_fork_cleanup_count: atomic_dec(&p->cred->user->processes); exit_creds(p); bad_fork_free: p->state = TASK_DEAD; put_task_stack(p); delayed_free_task(p); fork_out: spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock); hlist_del_init(&delayed.node); spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock); return ERR_PTR(retval); } static inline void init_idle_pids(struct task_struct *idle) { enum pid_type type; for (type = PIDTYPE_PID; type < PIDTYPE_MAX; ++type) { INIT_HLIST_NODE(&idle->pid_links[type]); /* not really needed */ init_task_pid(idle, type, &init_struct_pid); } } struct task_struct * __init fork_idle(int cpu) { struct task_struct *task; struct kernel_clone_args args = { .flags = CLONE_VM, }; task = copy_process(&init_struct_pid, 0, cpu_to_node(cpu), &args); if (!IS_ERR(task)) { init_idle_pids(task); init_idle(task, cpu); } return task; } struct mm_struct *copy_init_mm(void) { return dup_mm(NULL, &init_mm); } /* * Ok, this is the main fork-routine. * * It copies the process, and if successful kick-starts * it and waits for it to finish using the VM if required. * * args->exit_signal is expected to be checked for sanity by the caller. */ pid_t kernel_clone(struct kernel_clone_args *args) { u64 clone_flags = args->flags; struct completion vfork; struct pid *pid; struct task_struct *p; int trace = 0; pid_t nr; /* * For legacy clone() calls, CLONE_PIDFD uses the parent_tid argument * to return the pidfd. Hence, CLONE_PIDFD and CLONE_PARENT_SETTID are * mutually exclusive. With clone3() CLONE_PIDFD has grown a separate * field in struct clone_args and it still doesn't make sense to have * them both point at the same memory location. Performing this check * here has the advantage that we don't need to have a separate helper * to check for legacy clone(). */ if ((args->flags & CLONE_PIDFD) && (args->flags & CLONE_PARENT_SETTID) && (args->pidfd == args->parent_tid)) return -EINVAL; /* * Determine whether and which event to report to ptracer. When * called from kernel_thread or CLONE_UNTRACED is explicitly * requested, no event is reported; otherwise, report if the event * for the type of forking is enabled. */ if (!(clone_flags & CLONE_UNTRACED)) { if (clone_flags & CLONE_VFORK) trace = PTRACE_EVENT_VFORK; else if (args->exit_signal != SIGCHLD) trace = PTRACE_EVENT_CLONE; else trace = PTRACE_EVENT_FORK; if (likely(!ptrace_event_enabled(current, trace))) trace = 0; } p = copy_process(NULL, trace, NUMA_NO_NODE, args); add_latent_entropy(); if (IS_ERR(p)) return PTR_ERR(p); /* * Do this prior waking up the new thread - the thread pointer * might get invalid after that point, if the thread exits quickly. */ trace_sched_process_fork(current, p); pid = get_task_pid(p, PIDTYPE_PID); nr = pid_vnr(pid); if (clone_flags & CLONE_PARENT_SETTID) put_user(nr, args->parent_tid); if (clone_flags & CLONE_VFORK) { p->vfork_done = &vfork; init_completion(&vfork); get_task_struct(p); } wake_up_new_task(p); /* forking complete and child started to run, tell ptracer */ if (unlikely(trace)) ptrace_event_pid(trace, pid); if (clone_flags & CLONE_VFORK) { if (!wait_for_vfork_done(p, &vfork)) ptrace_event_pid(PTRACE_EVENT_VFORK_DONE, pid); } put_pid(pid); return nr; } /* * Create a kernel thread. */ pid_t kernel_thread(int (*fn)(void *), void *arg, unsigned long flags) { struct kernel_clone_args args = { .flags = ((lower_32_bits(flags) | CLONE_VM | CLONE_UNTRACED) & ~CSIGNAL), .exit_signal = (lower_32_bits(flags) & CSIGNAL), .stack = (unsigned long)fn, .stack_size = (unsigned long)arg, }; return kernel_clone(&args); } #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_SYS_FORK SYSCALL_DEFINE0(fork) { #ifdef CONFIG_MMU struct kernel_clone_args args = { .exit_signal = SIGCHLD, }; return kernel_clone(&args); #else /* can not support in nommu mode */ return -EINVAL; #endif } #endif #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_SYS_VFORK SYSCALL_DEFINE0(vfork) { struct kernel_clone_args args = { .flags = CLONE_VFORK | CLONE_VM, .exit_signal = SIGCHLD, }; return kernel_clone(&args); } #endif #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_SYS_CLONE #ifdef CONFIG_CLONE_BACKWARDS SYSCALL_DEFINE5(clone, unsigned long, clone_flags, unsigned long, newsp, int __user *, parent_tidptr, unsigned long, tls, int __user *, child_tidptr) #elif defined(CONFIG_CLONE_BACKWARDS2) SYSCALL_DEFINE5(clone, unsigned long, newsp, unsigned long, clone_flags, int __user *, parent_tidptr, int __user *, child_tidptr, unsigned long, tls) #elif defined(CONFIG_CLONE_BACKWARDS3) SYSCALL_DEFINE6(clone, unsigned long, clone_flags, unsigned long, newsp, int, stack_size, int __user *, parent_tidptr, int __user *, child_tidptr, unsigned long, tls) #else SYSCALL_DEFINE5(clone, unsigned long, clone_flags, unsigned long, newsp, int __user *, parent_tidptr, int __user *, child_tidptr, unsigned long, tls) #endif { struct kernel_clone_args args = { .flags = (lower_32_bits(clone_flags) & ~CSIGNAL), .pidfd = parent_tidptr, .child_tid = child_tidptr, .parent_tid = parent_tidptr, .exit_signal = (lower_32_bits(clone_flags) & CSIGNAL), .stack = newsp, .tls = tls, }; return kernel_clone(&args); } #endif #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_SYS_CLONE3 noinline static int copy_clone_args_from_user(struct kernel_clone_args *kargs, struct clone_args __user *uargs, size_t usize) { int err; struct clone_args args; pid_t *kset_tid = kargs->set_tid; BUILD_BUG_ON(offsetofend(struct clone_args, tls) != CLONE_ARGS_SIZE_VER0); BUILD_BUG_ON(offsetofend(struct clone_args, set_tid_size) != CLONE_ARGS_SIZE_VER1); BUILD_BUG_ON(offsetofend(struct clone_args, cgroup) != CLONE_ARGS_SIZE_VER2); BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct clone_args) != CLONE_ARGS_SIZE_VER2); if (unlikely(usize > PAGE_SIZE)) return -E2BIG; if (unlikely(usize < CLONE_ARGS_SIZE_VER0)) return -EINVAL; err = copy_struct_from_user(&args, sizeof(args), uargs, usize); if (err) return err; if (unlikely(args.set_tid_size > MAX_PID_NS_LEVEL)) return -EINVAL; if (unlikely(!args.set_tid && args.set_tid_size > 0)) return -EINVAL; if (unlikely(args.set_tid && args.set_tid_size == 0)) return -EINVAL; /* * Verify that higher 32bits of exit_signal are unset and that * it is a valid signal */ if (unlikely((args.exit_signal & ~((u64)CSIGNAL)) || !valid_signal(args.exit_signal))) return -EINVAL; if ((args.flags & CLONE_INTO_CGROUP) && (args.cgroup > INT_MAX || usize < CLONE_ARGS_SIZE_VER2)) return -EINVAL; *kargs = (struct kernel_clone_args){ .flags = args.flags, .pidfd = u64_to_user_ptr(args.pidfd), .child_tid = u64_to_user_ptr(args.child_tid), .parent_tid = u64_to_user_ptr(args.parent_tid), .exit_signal = args.exit_signal, .stack = args.stack, .stack_size = args.stack_size, .tls = args.tls, .set_tid_size = args.set_tid_size, .cgroup = args.cgroup, }; if (args.set_tid && copy_from_user(kset_tid, u64_to_user_ptr(args.set_tid), (kargs->set_tid_size * sizeof(pid_t)))) return -EFAULT; kargs->set_tid = kset_tid; return 0; } /** * clone3_stack_valid - check and prepare stack * @kargs: kernel clone args * * Verify that the stack arguments userspace gave us are sane. * In addition, set the stack direction for userspace since it's easy for us to * determine. */ static inline bool clone3_stack_valid(struct kernel_clone_args *kargs) { if (kargs->stack == 0) { if (kargs->stack_size > 0) return false; } else { if (kargs->stack_size == 0) return false; if (!access_ok((void __user *)kargs->stack, kargs->stack_size)) return false; #if !defined(CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP) && !defined(CONFIG_IA64) kargs->stack += kargs->stack_size; #endif } return true; } static bool clone3_args_valid(struct kernel_clone_args *kargs) { /* Verify that no unknown flags are passed along. */ if (kargs->flags & ~(CLONE_LEGACY_FLAGS | CLONE_CLEAR_SIGHAND | CLONE_INTO_CGROUP)) return false; /* * - make the CLONE_DETACHED bit reuseable for clone3 * - make the CSIGNAL bits reuseable for clone3 */ if (kargs->flags & (CLONE_DETACHED | CSIGNAL)) return false; if ((kargs->flags & (CLONE_SIGHAND | CLONE_CLEAR_SIGHAND)) == (CLONE_SIGHAND | CLONE_CLEAR_SIGHAND)) return false; if ((kargs->flags & (CLONE_THREAD | CLONE_PARENT)) && kargs->exit_signal) return false; if (!clone3_stack_valid(kargs)) return false; return true; } /** * clone3 - create a new process with specific properties * @uargs: argument structure * @size: size of @uargs * * clone3() is the extensible successor to clone()/clone2(). * It takes a struct as argument that is versioned by its size. * * Return: On success, a positive PID for the child process. * On error, a negative errno number. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE2(clone3, struct clone_args __user *, uargs, size_t, size) { int err; struct kernel_clone_args kargs; pid_t set_tid[MAX_PID_NS_LEVEL]; kargs.set_tid = set_tid; err = copy_clone_args_from_user(&kargs, uargs, size); if (err) return err; if (!clone3_args_valid(&kargs)) return -EINVAL; return kernel_clone(&kargs); } #endif void walk_process_tree(struct task_struct *top, proc_visitor visitor, void *data) { struct task_struct *leader, *parent, *child; int res; read_lock(&tasklist_lock); leader = top = top->group_leader; down: for_each_thread(leader, parent) { list_for_each_entry(child, &parent->children, sibling) { res = visitor(child, data); if (res) { if (res < 0) goto out; leader = child; goto down; } up: ; } } if (leader != top) { child = leader; parent = child->real_parent; leader = parent->group_leader; goto up; } out: read_unlock(&tasklist_lock); } #ifndef ARCH_MIN_MMSTRUCT_ALIGN #define ARCH_MIN_MMSTRUCT_ALIGN 0 #endif static void sighand_ctor(void *data) { struct sighand_struct *sighand = data; spin_lock_init(&sighand->siglock); init_waitqueue_head(&sighand->signalfd_wqh); } void __init proc_caches_init(void) { unsigned int mm_size; sighand_cachep = kmem_cache_create("sighand_cache", sizeof(struct sighand_struct), 0, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_TYPESAFE_BY_RCU| SLAB_ACCOUNT, sighand_ctor); signal_cachep = kmem_cache_create("signal_cache", sizeof(struct signal_struct), 0, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_ACCOUNT, NULL); files_cachep = kmem_cache_create("files_cache", sizeof(struct files_struct), 0, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_ACCOUNT, NULL); fs_cachep = kmem_cache_create("fs_cache", sizeof(struct fs_struct), 0, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_ACCOUNT, NULL); /* * The mm_cpumask is located at the end of mm_struct, and is * dynamically sized based on the maximum CPU number this system * can have, taking hotplug into account (nr_cpu_ids). */ mm_size = sizeof(struct mm_struct) + cpumask_size(); mm_cachep = kmem_cache_create_usercopy("mm_struct", mm_size, ARCH_MIN_MMSTRUCT_ALIGN, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_ACCOUNT, offsetof(struct mm_struct, saved_auxv), sizeof_field(struct mm_struct, saved_auxv), NULL); vm_area_cachep = KMEM_CACHE(vm_area_struct, SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_ACCOUNT); mmap_init(); nsproxy_cache_init(); } /* * Check constraints on flags passed to the unshare system call. */ static int check_unshare_flags(unsigned long unshare_flags) { if (unshare_flags & ~(CLONE_THREAD|CLONE_FS|CLONE_NEWNS|CLONE_SIGHAND| CLONE_VM|CLONE_FILES|CLONE_SYSVSEM| CLONE_NEWUTS|CLONE_NEWIPC|CLONE_NEWNET| CLONE_NEWUSER|CLONE_NEWPID|CLONE_NEWCGROUP| CLONE_NEWTIME)) return -EINVAL; /* * Not implemented, but pretend it works if there is nothing * to unshare. Note that unsharing the address space or the * signal handlers also need to unshare the signal queues (aka * CLONE_THREAD). */ if (unshare_flags & (CLONE_THREAD | CLONE_SIGHAND | CLONE_VM)) { if (!thread_group_empty(current)) return -EINVAL; } if (unshare_flags & (CLONE_SIGHAND | CLONE_VM)) { if (refcount_read(&current->sighand->count) > 1) return -EINVAL; } if (unshare_flags & CLONE_VM) { if (!current_is_single_threaded()) return -EINVAL; } return 0; } /* * Unshare the filesystem structure if it is being shared */ static int unshare_fs(unsigned long unshare_flags, struct fs_struct **new_fsp) { struct fs_struct *fs = current->fs; if (!(unshare_flags & CLONE_FS) || !fs) return 0; /* don't need lock here; in the worst case we'll do useless copy */ if (fs->users == 1) return 0; *new_fsp = copy_fs_struct(fs); if (!*new_fsp) return -ENOMEM; return 0; } /* * Unshare file descriptor table if it is being shared */ int unshare_fd(unsigned long unshare_flags, unsigned int max_fds, struct files_struct **new_fdp) { struct files_struct *fd = current->files; int error = 0; if ((unshare_flags & CLONE_FILES) && (fd && atomic_read(&fd->count) > 1)) { *new_fdp = dup_fd(fd, max_fds, &error); if (!*new_fdp) return error; } return 0; } /* * unshare allows a process to 'unshare' part of the process * context which was originally shared using clone. copy_* * functions used by kernel_clone() cannot be used here directly * because they modify an inactive task_struct that is being * constructed. Here we are modifying the current, active, * task_struct. */ int ksys_unshare(unsigned long unshare_flags) { struct fs_struct *fs, *new_fs = NULL; struct files_struct *fd, *new_fd = NULL; struct cred *new_cred = NULL; struct nsproxy *new_nsproxy = NULL; int do_sysvsem = 0; int err; /* * If unsharing a user namespace must also unshare the thread group * and unshare the filesystem root and working directories. */ if (unshare_flags & CLONE_NEWUSER) unshare_flags |= CLONE_THREAD | CLONE_FS; /* * If unsharing vm, must also unshare signal handlers. */ if (unshare_flags & CLONE_VM) unshare_flags |= CLONE_SIGHAND; /* * If unsharing a signal handlers, must also unshare the signal queues. */ if (unshare_flags & CLONE_SIGHAND) unshare_flags |= CLONE_THREAD; /* * If unsharing namespace, must also unshare filesystem information. */ if (unshare_flags & CLONE_NEWNS) unshare_flags |= CLONE_FS; err = check_unshare_flags(unshare_flags); if (err) goto bad_unshare_out; /* * CLONE_NEWIPC must also detach from the undolist: after switching * to a new ipc namespace, the semaphore arrays from the old * namespace are unreachable. */ if (unshare_flags & (CLONE_NEWIPC|CLONE_SYSVSEM)) do_sysvsem = 1; err = unshare_fs(unshare_flags, &new_fs); if (err) goto bad_unshare_out; err = unshare_fd(unshare_flags, NR_OPEN_MAX, &new_fd); if (err) goto bad_unshare_cleanup_fs; err = unshare_userns(unshare_flags, &new_cred); if (err) goto bad_unshare_cleanup_fd; err = unshare_nsproxy_namespaces(unshare_flags, &new_nsproxy, new_cred, new_fs); if (err) goto bad_unshare_cleanup_cred; if (new_fs || new_fd || do_sysvsem || new_cred || new_nsproxy) { if (do_sysvsem) { /* * CLONE_SYSVSEM is equivalent to sys_exit(). */ exit_sem(current); } if (unshare_flags & CLONE_NEWIPC) { /* Orphan segments in old ns (see sem above). */ exit_shm(current); shm_init_task(current); } if (new_nsproxy) switch_task_namespaces(current, new_nsproxy); task_lock(current); if (new_fs) { fs = current->fs; spin_lock(&fs->lock); current->fs = new_fs; if (--fs->users) new_fs = NULL; else new_fs = fs; spin_unlock(&fs->lock); } if (new_fd) { fd = current->files; current->files = new_fd; new_fd = fd; } task_unlock(current); if (new_cred) { /* Install the new user namespace */ commit_creds(new_cred); new_cred = NULL; } } perf_event_namespaces(current); bad_unshare_cleanup_cred: if (new_cred) put_cred(new_cred); bad_unshare_cleanup_fd: if (new_fd) put_files_struct(new_fd); bad_unshare_cleanup_fs: if (new_fs) free_fs_struct(new_fs); bad_unshare_out: return err; } SYSCALL_DEFINE1(unshare, unsigned long, unshare_flags) { return ksys_unshare(unshare_flags); } /* * Helper to unshare the files of the current task. * We don't want to expose copy_files internals to * the exec layer of the kernel. */ int unshare_files(struct files_struct **displaced) { struct task_struct *task = current; struct files_struct *copy = NULL; int error; error = unshare_fd(CLONE_FILES, NR_OPEN_MAX, &copy); if (error || !copy) { *displaced = NULL; return error; } *displaced = task->files; task_lock(task); task->files = copy; task_unlock(task); return 0; } int sysctl_max_threads(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { struct ctl_table t; int ret; int threads = max_threads; int min = 1; int max = MAX_THREADS; t = *table; t.data = &threads; t.extra1 = &min; t.extra2 = &max; ret = proc_dointvec_minmax(&t, write, buffer, lenp, ppos); if (ret || !write) return ret; max_threads = threads; return 0; }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_HUGE_MM_H #define _LINUX_HUGE_MM_H #include <linux/sched/coredump.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/fs.h> /* only for vma_is_dax() */ vm_fault_t do_huge_pmd_anonymous_page(struct vm_fault *vmf); int copy_huge_pmd(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, struct mm_struct *src_mm, pmd_t *dst_pmd, pmd_t *src_pmd, unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma); void huge_pmd_set_accessed(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd); int copy_huge_pud(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, struct mm_struct *src_mm, pud_t *dst_pud, pud_t *src_pud, unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct *vma); #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD void huge_pud_set_accessed(struct vm_fault *vmf, pud_t orig_pud); #else static inline void huge_pud_set_accessed(struct vm_fault *vmf, pud_t orig_pud) { } #endif vm_fault_t do_huge_pmd_wp_page(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd); struct page *follow_trans_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned int flags); bool madvise_free_huge_pmd(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long next); int zap_huge_pmd(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr); int zap_huge_pud(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr); bool move_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long old_addr, unsigned long new_addr, pmd_t *old_pmd, pmd_t *new_pmd); int change_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, pgprot_t newprot, unsigned long cp_flags); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_pmd_prot(struct vm_fault *vmf, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot, bool write); /** * vmf_insert_pfn_pmd - insert a pmd size pfn * @vmf: Structure describing the fault * @pfn: pfn to insert * @pgprot: page protection to use * @write: whether it's a write fault * * Insert a pmd size pfn. See vmf_insert_pfn() for additional info. * * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ static inline vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, pfn_t pfn, bool write) { return vmf_insert_pfn_pmd_prot(vmf, pfn, vmf->vma->vm_page_prot, write); } vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_pud_prot(struct vm_fault *vmf, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot, bool write); /** * vmf_insert_pfn_pud - insert a pud size pfn * @vmf: Structure describing the fault * @pfn: pfn to insert * @pgprot: page protection to use * @write: whether it's a write fault * * Insert a pud size pfn. See vmf_insert_pfn() for additional info. * * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ static inline vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_pud(struct vm_fault *vmf, pfn_t pfn, bool write) { return vmf_insert_pfn_pud_prot(vmf, pfn, vmf->vma->vm_page_prot, write); } enum transparent_hugepage_flag { TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_NEVER_DAX, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_REQ_MADV_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_DIRECT_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_KSWAPD_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_KSWAPD_OR_MADV_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_REQ_MADV_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_KHUGEPAGED_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_USE_ZERO_PAGE_FLAG, #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEBUG_COW_FLAG, #endif }; struct kobject; struct kobj_attribute; ssize_t single_hugepage_flag_store(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count, enum transparent_hugepage_flag flag); ssize_t single_hugepage_flag_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf, enum transparent_hugepage_flag flag); extern struct kobj_attribute shmem_enabled_attr; #define HPAGE_PMD_ORDER (HPAGE_PMD_SHIFT-PAGE_SHIFT) #define HPAGE_PMD_NR (1<<HPAGE_PMD_ORDER) #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE #define HPAGE_PMD_SHIFT PMD_SHIFT #define HPAGE_PMD_SIZE ((1UL) << HPAGE_PMD_SHIFT) #define HPAGE_PMD_MASK (~(HPAGE_PMD_SIZE - 1)) #define HPAGE_PUD_SHIFT PUD_SHIFT #define HPAGE_PUD_SIZE ((1UL) << HPAGE_PUD_SHIFT) #define HPAGE_PUD_MASK (~(HPAGE_PUD_SIZE - 1)) extern unsigned long transparent_hugepage_flags; static inline bool transhuge_vma_suitable(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long haddr) { /* Don't have to check pgoff for anonymous vma */ if (!vma_is_anonymous(vma)) { if (!IS_ALIGNED((vma->vm_start >> PAGE_SHIFT) - vma->vm_pgoff, HPAGE_PMD_NR)) return false; } if (haddr < vma->vm_start || haddr + HPAGE_PMD_SIZE > vma->vm_end) return false; return true; } static inline bool transhuge_vma_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long vm_flags) { /* Explicitly disabled through madvise. */ if ((vm_flags & VM_NOHUGEPAGE) || test_bit(MMF_DISABLE_THP, &vma->vm_mm->flags)) return false; return true; } /* * to be used on vmas which are known to support THP. * Use transparent_hugepage_active otherwise */ static inline bool __transparent_hugepage_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { /* * If the hardware/firmware marked hugepage support disabled. */ if (transparent_hugepage_flags & (1 << TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_NEVER_DAX)) return false; if (!transhuge_vma_enabled(vma, vma->vm_flags)) return false; if (vma_is_temporary_stack(vma)) return false; if (transparent_hugepage_flags & (1 << TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_FLAG)) return true; if (vma_is_dax(vma)) return true; if (transparent_hugepage_flags & (1 << TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_REQ_MADV_FLAG)) return !!(vma->vm_flags & VM_HUGEPAGE); return false; } bool transparent_hugepage_active(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #define transparent_hugepage_use_zero_page() \ (transparent_hugepage_flags & \ (1<<TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_USE_ZERO_PAGE_FLAG)) unsigned long thp_get_unmapped_area(struct file *filp, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long flags); void prep_transhuge_page(struct page *page); void free_transhuge_page(struct page *page); bool is_transparent_hugepage(struct page *page); bool can_split_huge_page(struct page *page, int *pextra_pins); int split_huge_page_to_list(struct page *page, struct list_head *list); static inline int split_huge_page(struct page *page) { return split_huge_page_to_list(page, NULL); } void deferred_split_huge_page(struct page *page); void __split_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long address, bool freeze, struct page *page); #define split_huge_pmd(__vma, __pmd, __address) \ do { \ pmd_t *____pmd = (__pmd); \ if (is_swap_pmd(*____pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*____pmd) \ || pmd_devmap(*____pmd)) \ __split_huge_pmd(__vma, __pmd, __address, \ false, NULL); \ } while (0) void split_huge_pmd_address(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, bool freeze, struct page *page); void __split_huge_pud(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address); #define split_huge_pud(__vma, __pud, __address) \ do { \ pud_t *____pud = (__pud); \ if (pud_trans_huge(*____pud) \ || pud_devmap(*____pud)) \ __split_huge_pud(__vma, __pud, __address); \ } while (0) int hugepage_madvise(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long *vm_flags, int advice); void vma_adjust_trans_huge(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, long adjust_next); spinlock_t *__pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd_t *pmd, struct vm_area_struct *vma); spinlock_t *__pud_trans_huge_lock(pud_t *pud, struct vm_area_struct *vma); static inline int is_swap_pmd(pmd_t pmd) { return !pmd_none(pmd) && !pmd_present(pmd); } /* mmap_lock must be held on entry */ static inline spinlock_t *pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd_t *pmd, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (is_swap_pmd(*pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*pmd) || pmd_devmap(*pmd)) return __pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd, vma); else return NULL; } static inline spinlock_t *pud_trans_huge_lock(pud_t *pud, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (pud_trans_huge(*pud) || pud_devmap(*pud)) return __pud_trans_huge_lock(pud, vma); else return NULL; } /** * thp_head - Head page of a transparent huge page. * @page: Any page (tail, head or regular) found in the page cache. */ static inline struct page *thp_head(struct page *page) { return compound_head(page); } /** * thp_order - Order of a transparent huge page. * @page: Head page of a transparent huge page. */ static inline unsigned int thp_order(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page); if (PageHead(page)) return HPAGE_PMD_ORDER; return 0; } /** * thp_nr_pages - The number of regular pages in this huge page. * @page: The head page of a huge page. */ static inline int thp_nr_pages(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page); if (PageHead(page)) return HPAGE_PMD_NR; return 1; } struct page *follow_devmap_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmd, int flags, struct dev_pagemap **pgmap); struct page *follow_devmap_pud(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pud_t *pud, int flags, struct dev_pagemap **pgmap); vm_fault_t do_huge_pmd_numa_page(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd); extern struct page *huge_zero_page; extern unsigned long huge_zero_pfn; static inline bool is_huge_zero_page(struct page *page) { return READ_ONCE(huge_zero_page) == page; } static inline bool is_huge_zero_pmd(pmd_t pmd) { return READ_ONCE(huge_zero_pfn) == pmd_pfn(pmd) && pmd_present(pmd); } static inline bool is_huge_zero_pud(pud_t pud) { return false; } struct page *mm_get_huge_zero_page(struct mm_struct *mm); void mm_put_huge_zero_page(struct mm_struct *mm); #define mk_huge_pmd(page, prot) pmd_mkhuge(mk_pmd(page, prot)) static inline bool thp_migration_supported(void) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_ENABLE_THP_MIGRATION); } static inline struct list_head *page_deferred_list(struct page *page) { /* * Global or memcg deferred list in the second tail pages is * occupied by compound_head. */ return &page[2].deferred_list; } #else /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #define HPAGE_PMD_SHIFT ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) #define HPAGE_PMD_MASK ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) #define HPAGE_PMD_SIZE ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) #define HPAGE_PUD_SHIFT ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) #define HPAGE_PUD_MASK ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) #define HPAGE_PUD_SIZE ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) static inline struct page *thp_head(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page); return page; } static inline unsigned int thp_order(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page); return 0; } static inline int thp_nr_pages(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page); return 1; } static inline bool __transparent_hugepage_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return false; } static inline bool transparent_hugepage_active(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return false; } static inline bool transhuge_vma_suitable(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long haddr) { return false; } static inline bool transhuge_vma_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long vm_flags) { return false; } static inline void prep_transhuge_page(struct page *page) {} static inline bool is_transparent_hugepage(struct page *page) { return false; } #define transparent_hugepage_flags 0UL #define thp_get_unmapped_area NULL static inline bool can_split_huge_page(struct page *page, int *pextra_pins) { BUILD_BUG(); return false; } static inline int split_huge_page_to_list(struct page *page, struct list_head *list) { return 0; } static inline int split_huge_page(struct page *page) { return 0; } static inline void deferred_split_huge_page(struct page *page) {} #define split_huge_pmd(__vma, __pmd, __address) \ do { } while (0) static inline void __split_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long address, bool freeze, struct page *page) {} static inline void split_huge_pmd_address(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, bool freeze, struct page *page) {} #define split_huge_pud(__vma, __pmd, __address) \ do { } while (0) static inline int hugepage_madvise(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long *vm_flags, int advice) { BUG(); return 0; } static inline void vma_adjust_trans_huge(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, long adjust_next) { } static inline int is_swap_pmd(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } static inline spinlock_t *pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd_t *pmd, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return NULL; } static inline spinlock_t *pud_trans_huge_lock(pud_t *pud, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return NULL; } static inline vm_fault_t do_huge_pmd_numa_page(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd) { return 0; } static inline bool is_huge_zero_page(struct page *page) { return false; } static inline bool is_huge_zero_pmd(pmd_t pmd) { return false; } static inline bool is_huge_zero_pud(pud_t pud) { return false; } static inline void mm_put_huge_zero_page(struct mm_struct *mm) { return; } static inline struct page *follow_devmap_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmd, int flags, struct dev_pagemap **pgmap) { return NULL; } static inline struct page *follow_devmap_pud(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pud_t *pud, int flags, struct dev_pagemap **pgmap) { return NULL; } static inline bool thp_migration_supported(void) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ /** * thp_size - Size of a transparent huge page. * @page: Head page of a transparent huge page. * * Return: Number of bytes in this page. */ static inline unsigned long thp_size(struct page *page) { return PAGE_SIZE << thp_order(page); } #endif /* _LINUX_HUGE_MM_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __NET_RTNETLINK_H #define __NET_RTNETLINK_H #include <linux/rtnetlink.h> #include <net/netlink.h> typedef int (*rtnl_doit_func)(struct sk_buff *, struct nlmsghdr *, struct netlink_ext_ack *); typedef int (*rtnl_dumpit_func)(struct sk_buff *, struct netlink_callback *); enum rtnl_link_flags { RTNL_FLAG_DOIT_UNLOCKED = 1, }; void rtnl_register(int protocol, int msgtype, rtnl_doit_func, rtnl_dumpit_func, unsigned int flags); int rtnl_register_module(struct module *owner, int protocol, int msgtype, rtnl_doit_func, rtnl_dumpit_func, unsigned int flags); int rtnl_unregister(int protocol, int msgtype); void rtnl_unregister_all(int protocol); static inline int rtnl_msg_family(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh) { if (nlmsg_len(nlh) >= sizeof(struct rtgenmsg)) return ((struct rtgenmsg *) nlmsg_data(nlh))->rtgen_family; else return AF_UNSPEC; } /** * struct rtnl_link_ops - rtnetlink link operations * * @list: Used internally * @kind: Identifier * @netns_refund: Physical device, move to init_net on netns exit * @maxtype: Highest device specific netlink attribute number * @policy: Netlink policy for device specific attribute validation * @validate: Optional validation function for netlink/changelink parameters * @priv_size: sizeof net_device private space * @setup: net_device setup function * @newlink: Function for configuring and registering a new device * @changelink: Function for changing parameters of an existing device * @dellink: Function to remove a device * @get_size: Function to calculate required room for dumping device * specific netlink attributes * @fill_info: Function to dump device specific netlink attributes * @get_xstats_size: Function to calculate required room for dumping device * specific statistics * @fill_xstats: Function to dump device specific statistics * @get_num_tx_queues: Function to determine number of transmit queues * to create when creating a new device. * @get_num_rx_queues: Function to determine number of receive queues * to create when creating a new device. * @get_link_net: Function to get the i/o netns of the device * @get_linkxstats_size: Function to calculate the required room for * dumping device-specific extended link stats * @fill_linkxstats: Function to dump device-specific extended link stats */ struct rtnl_link_ops { struct list_head list; const char *kind; size_t priv_size; void (*setup)(struct net_device *dev); bool netns_refund; unsigned int maxtype; const struct nla_policy *policy; int (*validate)(struct nlattr *tb[], struct nlattr *data[], struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int (*newlink)(struct net *src_net, struct net_device *dev, struct nlattr *tb[], struct nlattr *data[], struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int (*changelink)(struct net_device *dev, struct nlattr *tb[], struct nlattr *data[], struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void (*dellink)(struct net_device *dev, struct list_head *head); size_t (*get_size)(const struct net_device *dev); int (*fill_info)(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct net_device *dev); size_t (*get_xstats_size)(const struct net_device *dev); int (*fill_xstats)(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct net_device *dev); unsigned int (*get_num_tx_queues)(void); unsigned int (*get_num_rx_queues)(void); unsigned int slave_maxtype; const struct nla_policy *slave_policy; int (*slave_changelink)(struct net_device *dev, struct net_device *slave_dev, struct nlattr *tb[], struct nlattr *data[], struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); size_t (*get_slave_size)(const struct net_device *dev, const struct net_device *slave_dev); int (*fill_slave_info)(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct net_device *dev, const struct net_device *slave_dev); struct net *(*get_link_net)(const struct net_device *dev); size_t (*get_linkxstats_size)(const struct net_device *dev, int attr); int (*fill_linkxstats)(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct net_device *dev, int *prividx, int attr); }; int __rtnl_link_register(struct rtnl_link_ops *ops); void __rtnl_link_unregister(struct rtnl_link_ops *ops); int rtnl_link_register(struct rtnl_link_ops *ops); void rtnl_link_unregister(struct rtnl_link_ops *ops); /** * struct rtnl_af_ops - rtnetlink address family operations * * @list: Used internally * @family: Address family * @fill_link_af: Function to fill IFLA_AF_SPEC with address family * specific netlink attributes. * @get_link_af_size: Function to calculate size of address family specific * netlink attributes. * @validate_link_af: Validate a IFLA_AF_SPEC attribute, must check attr * for invalid configuration settings. * @set_link_af: Function to parse a IFLA_AF_SPEC attribute and modify * net_device accordingly. */ struct rtnl_af_ops { struct list_head list; int family; int (*fill_link_af)(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct net_device *dev, u32 ext_filter_mask); size_t (*get_link_af_size)(const struct net_device *dev, u32 ext_filter_mask); int (*validate_link_af)(const struct net_device *dev, const struct nlattr *attr); int (*set_link_af)(struct net_device *dev, const struct nlattr *attr); int (*fill_stats_af)(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct net_device *dev); size_t (*get_stats_af_size)(const struct net_device *dev); }; void rtnl_af_register(struct rtnl_af_ops *ops); void rtnl_af_unregister(struct rtnl_af_ops *ops); struct net *rtnl_link_get_net(struct net *src_net, struct nlattr *tb[]); struct net_device *rtnl_create_link(struct net *net, const char *ifname, unsigned char name_assign_type, const struct rtnl_link_ops *ops, struct nlattr *tb[], struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int rtnl_delete_link(struct net_device *dev); int rtnl_configure_link(struct net_device *dev, const struct ifinfomsg *ifm); int rtnl_nla_parse_ifla(struct nlattr **tb, const struct nlattr *head, int len, struct netlink_ext_ack *exterr); struct net *rtnl_get_net_ns_capable(struct sock *sk, int netnsid); #define MODULE_ALIAS_RTNL_LINK(kind) MODULE_ALIAS("rtnl-link-" kind) #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_FUTEX_H #define _ASM_X86_FUTEX_H #ifdef __KERNEL__ #include <linux/futex.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/asm.h> #include <asm/errno.h> #include <asm/processor.h> #include <asm/smap.h> #define unsafe_atomic_op1(insn, oval, uaddr, oparg, label) \ do { \ int oldval = 0, ret; \ asm volatile("1:\t" insn "\n" \ "2:\n" \ "\t.section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \ "3:\tmov\t%3, %1\n" \ "\tjmp\t2b\n" \ "\t.previous\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 3b) \ : "=r" (oldval), "=r" (ret), "+m" (*uaddr) \ : "i" (-EFAULT), "0" (oparg), "1" (0)); \ if (ret) \ goto label; \ *oval = oldval; \ } while(0) #define unsafe_atomic_op2(insn, oval, uaddr, oparg, label) \ do { \ int oldval = 0, ret, tem; \ asm volatile("1:\tmovl %2, %0\n" \ "2:\tmovl\t%0, %3\n" \ "\t" insn "\n" \ "3:\t" LOCK_PREFIX "cmpxchgl %3, %2\n" \ "\tjnz\t2b\n" \ "4:\n" \ "\t.section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \ "5:\tmov\t%5, %1\n" \ "\tjmp\t4b\n" \ "\t.previous\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 5b) \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(3b, 5b) \ : "=&a" (oldval), "=&r" (ret), \ "+m" (*uaddr), "=&r" (tem) \ : "r" (oparg), "i" (-EFAULT), "1" (0)); \ if (ret) \ goto label; \ *oval = oldval; \ } while(0) static __always_inline int arch_futex_atomic_op_inuser(int op, int oparg, int *oval, u32 __user *uaddr) { if (!user_access_begin(uaddr, sizeof(u32))) return -EFAULT; switch (op) { case FUTEX_OP_SET: unsafe_atomic_op1("xchgl %0, %2", oval, uaddr, oparg, Efault); break; case FUTEX_OP_ADD: unsafe_atomic_op1(LOCK_PREFIX "xaddl %0, %2", oval, uaddr, oparg, Efault); break; case FUTEX_OP_OR: unsafe_atomic_op2("orl %4, %3", oval, uaddr, oparg, Efault); break; case FUTEX_OP_ANDN: unsafe_atomic_op2("andl %4, %3", oval, uaddr, ~oparg, Efault); break; case FUTEX_OP_XOR: unsafe_atomic_op2("xorl %4, %3", oval, uaddr, oparg, Efault); break; default: user_access_end(); return -ENOSYS; } user_access_end(); return 0; Efault: user_access_end(); return -EFAULT; } static inline int futex_atomic_cmpxchg_inatomic(u32 *uval, u32 __user *uaddr, u32 oldval, u32 newval) { int ret = 0; if (!user_access_begin(uaddr, sizeof(u32))) return -EFAULT; asm volatile("\n" "1:\t" LOCK_PREFIX "cmpxchgl %4, %2\n" "2:\n" "\t.section .fixup, \"ax\"\n" "3:\tmov %3, %0\n" "\tjmp 2b\n" "\t.previous\n" _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 3b) : "+r" (ret), "=a" (oldval), "+m" (*uaddr) : "i" (-EFAULT), "r" (newval), "1" (oldval) : "memory" ); user_access_end(); *uval = oldval; return ret; } #endif #endif /* _ASM_X86_FUTEX_H */
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2420 2421 2422 2423 2424 2425 2426 2427 2428 2429 2430 2431 2432 2433 2434 2435 2436 2437 2438 2439 2440 2441 2442 2443 2444 2445 2446 2447 2448 2449 2450 2451 2452 2453 2454 2455 2456 2457 2458 2459 2460 2461 2462 2463 2464 2465 2466 2467 2468 2469 2470 2471 2472 2473 2474 2475 2476 2477 2478 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * Kernel timekeeping code and accessor functions. Based on code from * timer.c, moved in commit 8524070b7982. */ #include <linux/timekeeper_internal.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/nmi.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/loadavg.h> #include <linux/sched/clock.h> #include <linux/syscore_ops.h> #include <linux/clocksource.h> #include <linux/jiffies.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/tick.h> #include <linux/stop_machine.h> #include <linux/pvclock_gtod.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include "tick-internal.h" #include "ntp_internal.h" #include "timekeeping_internal.h" #define TK_CLEAR_NTP (1 << 0) #define TK_MIRROR (1 << 1) #define TK_CLOCK_WAS_SET (1 << 2) enum timekeeping_adv_mode { /* Update timekeeper when a tick has passed */ TK_ADV_TICK, /* Update timekeeper on a direct frequency change */ TK_ADV_FREQ }; DEFINE_RAW_SPINLOCK(timekeeper_lock); /* * The most important data for readout fits into a single 64 byte * cache line. */ static struct { seqcount_raw_spinlock_t seq; struct timekeeper timekeeper; } tk_core ____cacheline_aligned = { .seq = SEQCNT_RAW_SPINLOCK_ZERO(tk_core.seq, &timekeeper_lock), }; static struct timekeeper shadow_timekeeper; /* flag for if timekeeping is suspended */ int __read_mostly timekeeping_suspended; /** * struct tk_fast - NMI safe timekeeper * @seq: Sequence counter for protecting updates. The lowest bit * is the index for the tk_read_base array * @base: tk_read_base array. Access is indexed by the lowest bit of * @seq. * * See @update_fast_timekeeper() below. */ struct tk_fast { seqcount_latch_t seq; struct tk_read_base base[2]; }; /* Suspend-time cycles value for halted fast timekeeper. */ static u64 cycles_at_suspend; static u64 dummy_clock_read(struct clocksource *cs) { if (timekeeping_suspended) return cycles_at_suspend; return local_clock(); } static struct clocksource dummy_clock = { .read = dummy_clock_read, }; /* * Boot time initialization which allows local_clock() to be utilized * during early boot when clocksources are not available. local_clock() * returns nanoseconds already so no conversion is required, hence mult=1 * and shift=0. When the first proper clocksource is installed then * the fast time keepers are updated with the correct values. */ #define FAST_TK_INIT \ { \ .clock = &dummy_clock, \ .mask = CLOCKSOURCE_MASK(64), \ .mult = 1, \ .shift = 0, \ } static struct tk_fast tk_fast_mono ____cacheline_aligned = { .seq = SEQCNT_LATCH_ZERO(tk_fast_mono.seq), .base[0] = FAST_TK_INIT, .base[1] = FAST_TK_INIT, }; static struct tk_fast tk_fast_raw ____cacheline_aligned = { .seq = SEQCNT_LATCH_ZERO(tk_fast_raw.seq), .base[0] = FAST_TK_INIT, .base[1] = FAST_TK_INIT, }; static inline void tk_normalize_xtime(struct timekeeper *tk) { while (tk->tkr_mono.xtime_nsec >= ((u64)NSEC_PER_SEC << tk->tkr_mono.shift)) { tk->tkr_mono.xtime_nsec -= (u64)NSEC_PER_SEC << tk->tkr_mono.shift; tk->xtime_sec++; } while (tk->tkr_raw.xtime_nsec >= ((u64)NSEC_PER_SEC << tk->tkr_raw.shift)) { tk->tkr_raw.xtime_nsec -= (u64)NSEC_PER_SEC << tk->tkr_raw.shift; tk->raw_sec++; } } static inline struct timespec64 tk_xtime(const struct timekeeper *tk) { struct timespec64 ts; ts.tv_sec = tk->xtime_sec; ts.tv_nsec = (long)(tk->tkr_mono.xtime_nsec >> tk->tkr_mono.shift); return ts; } static void tk_set_xtime(struct timekeeper *tk, const struct timespec64 *ts) { tk->xtime_sec = ts->tv_sec; tk->tkr_mono.xtime_nsec = (u64)ts->tv_nsec << tk->tkr_mono.shift; } static void tk_xtime_add(struct timekeeper *tk, const struct timespec64 *ts) { tk->xtime_sec += ts->tv_sec; tk->tkr_mono.xtime_nsec += (u64)ts->tv_nsec << tk->tkr_mono.shift; tk_normalize_xtime(tk); } static void tk_set_wall_to_mono(struct timekeeper *tk, struct timespec64 wtm) { struct timespec64 tmp; /* * Verify consistency of: offset_real = -wall_to_monotonic * before modifying anything */ set_normalized_timespec64(&tmp, -tk->wall_to_monotonic.tv_sec, -tk->wall_to_monotonic.tv_nsec); WARN_ON_ONCE(tk->offs_real != timespec64_to_ktime(tmp)); tk->wall_to_monotonic = wtm; set_normalized_timespec64(&tmp, -wtm.tv_sec, -wtm.tv_nsec); tk->offs_real = timespec64_to_ktime(tmp); tk->offs_tai = ktime_add(tk->offs_real, ktime_set(tk->tai_offset, 0)); } static inline void tk_update_sleep_time(struct timekeeper *tk, ktime_t delta) { tk->offs_boot = ktime_add(tk->offs_boot, delta); /* * Timespec representation for VDSO update to avoid 64bit division * on every update. */ tk->monotonic_to_boot = ktime_to_timespec64(tk->offs_boot); } /* * tk_clock_read - atomic clocksource read() helper * * This helper is necessary to use in the read paths because, while the * seqcount ensures we don't return a bad value while structures are updated, * it doesn't protect from potential crashes. There is the possibility that * the tkr's clocksource may change between the read reference, and the * clock reference passed to the read function. This can cause crashes if * the wrong clocksource is passed to the wrong read function. * This isn't necessary to use when holding the timekeeper_lock or doing * a read of the fast-timekeeper tkrs (which is protected by its own locking * and update logic). */ static inline u64 tk_clock_read(const struct tk_read_base *tkr) { struct clocksource *clock = READ_ONCE(tkr->clock); return clock->read(clock); } #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_TIMEKEEPING #define WARNING_FREQ (HZ*300) /* 5 minute rate-limiting */ static void timekeeping_check_update(struct timekeeper *tk, u64 offset) { u64 max_cycles = tk->tkr_mono.clock->max_cycles; const char *name = tk->tkr_mono.clock->name; if (offset > max_cycles) { printk_deferred("WARNING: timekeeping: Cycle offset (%lld) is larger than allowed by the '%s' clock's max_cycles value (%lld): time overflow danger\n", offset, name, max_cycles); printk_deferred(" timekeeping: Your kernel is sick, but tries to cope by capping time updates\n"); } else { if (offset > (max_cycles >> 1)) { printk_deferred("INFO: timekeeping: Cycle offset (%lld) is larger than the '%s' clock's 50%% safety margin (%lld)\n", offset, name, max_cycles >> 1); printk_deferred(" timekeeping: Your kernel is still fine, but is feeling a bit nervous\n"); } } if (tk->underflow_seen) { if (jiffies - tk->last_warning > WARNING_FREQ) { printk_deferred("WARNING: Underflow in clocksource '%s' observed, time update ignored.\n", name); printk_deferred(" Please report this, consider using a different clocksource, if possible.\n"); printk_deferred(" Your kernel is probably still fine.\n"); tk->last_warning = jiffies; } tk->underflow_seen = 0; } if (tk->overflow_seen) { if (jiffies - tk->last_warning > WARNING_FREQ) { printk_deferred("WARNING: Overflow in clocksource '%s' observed, time update capped.\n", name); printk_deferred(" Please report this, consider using a different clocksource, if possible.\n"); printk_deferred(" Your kernel is probably still fine.\n"); tk->last_warning = jiffies; } tk->overflow_seen = 0; } } static inline u64 timekeeping_get_delta(const struct tk_read_base *tkr) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; u64 now, last, mask, max, delta; unsigned int seq; /* * Since we're called holding a seqcount, the data may shift * under us while we're doing the calculation. This can cause * false positives, since we'd note a problem but throw the * results away. So nest another seqcount here to atomically * grab the points we are checking with. */ do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); now = tk_clock_read(tkr); last = tkr->cycle_last; mask = tkr->mask; max = tkr->clock->max_cycles; } while (read_seqcount_retry(&tk_core.seq, seq)); delta = clocksource_delta(now, last, mask); /* * Try to catch underflows by checking if we are seeing small * mask-relative negative values. */ if (unlikely((~delta & mask) < (mask >> 3))) { tk->underflow_seen = 1; delta = 0; } /* Cap delta value to the max_cycles values to avoid mult overflows */ if (unlikely(delta > max)) { tk->overflow_seen = 1; delta = tkr->clock->max_cycles; } return delta; } #else static inline void timekeeping_check_update(struct timekeeper *tk, u64 offset) { } static inline u64 timekeeping_get_delta(const struct tk_read_base *tkr) { u64 cycle_now, delta; /* read clocksource */ cycle_now = tk_clock_read(tkr); /* calculate the delta since the last update_wall_time */ delta = clocksource_delta(cycle_now, tkr->cycle_last, tkr->mask); return delta; } #endif /** * tk_setup_internals - Set up internals to use clocksource clock. * * @tk: The target timekeeper to setup. * @clock: Pointer to clocksource. * * Calculates a fixed cycle/nsec interval for a given clocksource/adjustment * pair and interval request. * * Unless you're the timekeeping code, you should not be using this! */ static void tk_setup_internals(struct timekeeper *tk, struct clocksource *clock) { u64 interval; u64 tmp, ntpinterval; struct clocksource *old_clock; ++tk->cs_was_changed_seq; old_clock = tk->tkr_mono.clock; tk->tkr_mono.clock = clock; tk->tkr_mono.mask = clock->mask; tk->tkr_mono.cycle_last = tk_clock_read(&tk->tkr_mono); tk->tkr_raw.clock = clock; tk->tkr_raw.mask = clock->mask; tk->tkr_raw.cycle_last = tk->tkr_mono.cycle_last; /* Do the ns -> cycle conversion first, using original mult */ tmp = NTP_INTERVAL_LENGTH; tmp <<= clock->shift; ntpinterval = tmp; tmp += clock->mult/2; do_div(tmp, clock->mult); if (tmp == 0) tmp = 1; interval = (u64) tmp; tk->cycle_interval = interval; /* Go back from cycles -> shifted ns */ tk->xtime_interval = interval * clock->mult; tk->xtime_remainder = ntpinterval - tk->xtime_interval; tk->raw_interval = interval * clock->mult; /* if changing clocks, convert xtime_nsec shift units */ if (old_clock) { int shift_change = clock->shift - old_clock->shift; if (shift_change < 0) { tk->tkr_mono.xtime_nsec >>= -shift_change; tk->tkr_raw.xtime_nsec >>= -shift_change; } else { tk->tkr_mono.xtime_nsec <<= shift_change; tk->tkr_raw.xtime_nsec <<= shift_change; } } tk->tkr_mono.shift = clock->shift; tk->tkr_raw.shift = clock->shift; tk->ntp_error = 0; tk->ntp_error_shift = NTP_SCALE_SHIFT - clock->shift; tk->ntp_tick = ntpinterval << tk->ntp_error_shift; /* * The timekeeper keeps its own mult values for the currently * active clocksource. These value will be adjusted via NTP * to counteract clock drifting. */ tk->tkr_mono.mult = clock->mult; tk->tkr_raw.mult = clock->mult; tk->ntp_err_mult = 0; tk->skip_second_overflow = 0; } /* Timekeeper helper functions. */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_USES_GETTIMEOFFSET static u32 default_arch_gettimeoffset(void) { return 0; } u32 (*arch_gettimeoffset)(void) = default_arch_gettimeoffset; #else static inline u32 arch_gettimeoffset(void) { return 0; } #endif static inline u64 timekeeping_delta_to_ns(const struct tk_read_base *tkr, u64 delta) { u64 nsec; nsec = delta * tkr->mult + tkr->xtime_nsec; nsec >>= tkr->shift; /* If arch requires, add in get_arch_timeoffset() */ return nsec + arch_gettimeoffset(); } static inline u64 timekeeping_get_ns(const struct tk_read_base *tkr) { u64 delta; delta = timekeeping_get_delta(tkr); return timekeeping_delta_to_ns(tkr, delta); } static inline u64 timekeeping_cycles_to_ns(const struct tk_read_base *tkr, u64 cycles) { u64 delta; /* calculate the delta since the last update_wall_time */ delta = clocksource_delta(cycles, tkr->cycle_last, tkr->mask); return timekeeping_delta_to_ns(tkr, delta); } /** * update_fast_timekeeper - Update the fast and NMI safe monotonic timekeeper. * @tkr: Timekeeping readout base from which we take the update * * We want to use this from any context including NMI and tracing / * instrumenting the timekeeping code itself. * * Employ the latch technique; see @raw_write_seqcount_latch. * * So if a NMI hits the update of base[0] then it will use base[1] * which is still consistent. In the worst case this can result is a * slightly wrong timestamp (a few nanoseconds). See * @ktime_get_mono_fast_ns. */ static void update_fast_timekeeper(const struct tk_read_base *tkr, struct tk_fast *tkf) { struct tk_read_base *base = tkf->base; /* Force readers off to base[1] */ raw_write_seqcount_latch(&tkf->seq); /* Update base[0] */ memcpy(base, tkr, sizeof(*base)); /* Force readers back to base[0] */ raw_write_seqcount_latch(&tkf->seq); /* Update base[1] */ memcpy(base + 1, base, sizeof(*base)); } /** * ktime_get_mono_fast_ns - Fast NMI safe access to clock monotonic * * This timestamp is not guaranteed to be monotonic across an update. * The timestamp is calculated by: * * now = base_mono + clock_delta * slope * * So if the update lowers the slope, readers who are forced to the * not yet updated second array are still using the old steeper slope. * * tmono * ^ * | o n * | o n * | u * | o * |o * |12345678---> reader order * * o = old slope * u = update * n = new slope * * So reader 6 will observe time going backwards versus reader 5. * * While other CPUs are likely to be able observe that, the only way * for a CPU local observation is when an NMI hits in the middle of * the update. Timestamps taken from that NMI context might be ahead * of the following timestamps. Callers need to be aware of that and * deal with it. */ static __always_inline u64 __ktime_get_fast_ns(struct tk_fast *tkf) { struct tk_read_base *tkr; unsigned int seq; u64 now; do { seq = raw_read_seqcount_latch(&tkf->seq); tkr = tkf->base + (seq & 0x01); now = ktime_to_ns(tkr->base); now += timekeeping_delta_to_ns(tkr, clocksource_delta( tk_clock_read(tkr), tkr->cycle_last, tkr->mask)); } while (read_seqcount_latch_retry(&tkf->seq, seq)); return now; } u64 ktime_get_mono_fast_ns(void) { return __ktime_get_fast_ns(&tk_fast_mono); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ktime_get_mono_fast_ns); u64 ktime_get_raw_fast_ns(void) { return __ktime_get_fast_ns(&tk_fast_raw); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ktime_get_raw_fast_ns); /** * ktime_get_boot_fast_ns - NMI safe and fast access to boot clock. * * To keep it NMI safe since we're accessing from tracing, we're not using a * separate timekeeper with updates to monotonic clock and boot offset * protected with seqcounts. This has the following minor side effects: * * (1) Its possible that a timestamp be taken after the boot offset is updated * but before the timekeeper is updated. If this happens, the new boot offset * is added to the old timekeeping making the clock appear to update slightly * earlier: * CPU 0 CPU 1 * timekeeping_inject_sleeptime64() * __timekeeping_inject_sleeptime(tk, delta); * timestamp(); * timekeeping_update(tk, TK_CLEAR_NTP...); * * (2) On 32-bit systems, the 64-bit boot offset (tk->offs_boot) may be * partially updated. Since the tk->offs_boot update is a rare event, this * should be a rare occurrence which postprocessing should be able to handle. */ u64 notrace ktime_get_boot_fast_ns(void) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; return (ktime_get_mono_fast_ns() + ktime_to_ns(tk->offs_boot)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ktime_get_boot_fast_ns); /* * See comment for __ktime_get_fast_ns() vs. timestamp ordering */ static __always_inline u64 __ktime_get_real_fast(struct tk_fast *tkf, u64 *mono) { struct tk_read_base *tkr; u64 basem, baser, delta; unsigned int seq; do { seq = raw_read_seqcount_latch(&tkf->seq); tkr = tkf->base + (seq & 0x01); basem = ktime_to_ns(tkr->base); baser = ktime_to_ns(tkr->base_real); delta = timekeeping_delta_to_ns(tkr, clocksource_delta(tk_clock_read(tkr), tkr->cycle_last, tkr->mask)); } while (read_seqcount_latch_retry(&tkf->seq, seq)); if (mono) *mono = basem + delta; return baser + delta; } /** * ktime_get_real_fast_ns: - NMI safe and fast access to clock realtime. */ u64 ktime_get_real_fast_ns(void) { return __ktime_get_real_fast(&tk_fast_mono, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ktime_get_real_fast_ns); /** * ktime_get_fast_timestamps: - NMI safe timestamps * @snapshot: Pointer to timestamp storage * * Stores clock monotonic, boottime and realtime timestamps. * * Boot time is a racy access on 32bit systems if the sleep time injection * happens late during resume and not in timekeeping_resume(). That could * be avoided by expanding struct tk_read_base with boot offset for 32bit * and adding more overhead to the update. As this is a hard to observe * once per resume event which can be filtered with reasonable effort using * the accurate mono/real timestamps, it's probably not worth the trouble. * * Aside of that it might be possible on 32 and 64 bit to observe the * following when the sleep time injection happens late: * * CPU 0 CPU 1 * timekeeping_resume() * ktime_get_fast_timestamps() * mono, real = __ktime_get_real_fast() * inject_sleep_time() * update boot offset * boot = mono + bootoffset; * * That means that boot time already has the sleep time adjustment, but * real time does not. On the next readout both are in sync again. * * Preventing this for 64bit is not really feasible without destroying the * careful cache layout of the timekeeper because the sequence count and * struct tk_read_base would then need two cache lines instead of one. * * Access to the time keeper clock source is disabled accross the innermost * steps of suspend/resume. The accessors still work, but the timestamps * are frozen until time keeping is resumed which happens very early. * * For regular suspend/resume there is no observable difference vs. sched * clock, but it might affect some of the nasty low level debug printks. * * OTOH, access to sched clock is not guaranteed accross suspend/resume on * all systems either so it depends on the hardware in use. * * If that turns out to be a real problem then this could be mitigated by * using sched clock in a similar way as during early boot. But it's not as * trivial as on early boot because it needs some careful protection * against the clock monotonic timestamp jumping backwards on resume. */ void ktime_get_fast_timestamps(struct ktime_timestamps *snapshot) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; snapshot->real = __ktime_get_real_fast(&tk_fast_mono, &snapshot->mono); snapshot->boot = snapshot->mono + ktime_to_ns(data_race(tk->offs_boot)); } /** * halt_fast_timekeeper - Prevent fast timekeeper from accessing clocksource. * @tk: Timekeeper to snapshot. * * It generally is unsafe to access the clocksource after timekeeping has been * suspended, so take a snapshot of the readout base of @tk and use it as the * fast timekeeper's readout base while suspended. It will return the same * number of cycles every time until timekeeping is resumed at which time the * proper readout base for the fast timekeeper will be restored automatically. */ static void halt_fast_timekeeper(const struct timekeeper *tk) { static struct tk_read_base tkr_dummy; const struct tk_read_base *tkr = &tk->tkr_mono; memcpy(&tkr_dummy, tkr, sizeof(tkr_dummy)); cycles_at_suspend = tk_clock_read(tkr); tkr_dummy.clock = &dummy_clock; tkr_dummy.base_real = tkr->base + tk->offs_real; update_fast_timekeeper(&tkr_dummy, &tk_fast_mono); tkr = &tk->tkr_raw; memcpy(&tkr_dummy, tkr, sizeof(tkr_dummy)); tkr_dummy.clock = &dummy_clock; update_fast_timekeeper(&tkr_dummy, &tk_fast_raw); } static RAW_NOTIFIER_HEAD(pvclock_gtod_chain); static void update_pvclock_gtod(struct timekeeper *tk, bool was_set) { raw_notifier_call_chain(&pvclock_gtod_chain, was_set, tk); } /** * pvclock_gtod_register_notifier - register a pvclock timedata update listener */ int pvclock_gtod_register_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; unsigned long flags; int ret; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&timekeeper_lock, flags); ret = raw_notifier_chain_register(&pvclock_gtod_chain, nb); update_pvclock_gtod(tk, true); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&timekeeper_lock, flags); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pvclock_gtod_register_notifier); /** * pvclock_gtod_unregister_notifier - unregister a pvclock * timedata update listener */ int pvclock_gtod_unregister_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb) { unsigned long flags; int ret; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&timekeeper_lock, flags); ret = raw_notifier_chain_unregister(&pvclock_gtod_chain, nb); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&timekeeper_lock, flags); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pvclock_gtod_unregister_notifier); /* * tk_update_leap_state - helper to update the next_leap_ktime */ static inline void tk_update_leap_state(struct timekeeper *tk) { tk->next_leap_ktime = ntp_get_next_leap(); if (tk->next_leap_ktime != KTIME_MAX) /* Convert to monotonic time */ tk->next_leap_ktime = ktime_sub(tk->next_leap_ktime, tk->offs_real); } /* * Update the ktime_t based scalar nsec members of the timekeeper */ static inline void tk_update_ktime_data(struct timekeeper *tk) { u64 seconds; u32 nsec; /* * The xtime based monotonic readout is: * nsec = (xtime_sec + wtm_sec) * 1e9 + wtm_nsec + now(); * The ktime based monotonic readout is: * nsec = base_mono + now(); * ==> base_mono = (xtime_sec + wtm_sec) * 1e9 + wtm_nsec */ seconds = (u64)(tk->xtime_sec + tk->wall_to_monotonic.tv_sec); nsec = (u32) tk->wall_to_monotonic.tv_nsec; tk->tkr_mono.base = ns_to_ktime(seconds * NSEC_PER_SEC + nsec); /* * The sum of the nanoseconds portions of xtime and * wall_to_monotonic can be greater/equal one second. Take * this into account before updating tk->ktime_sec. */ nsec += (u32)(tk->tkr_mono.xtime_nsec >> tk->tkr_mono.shift); if (nsec >= NSEC_PER_SEC) seconds++; tk->ktime_sec = seconds; /* Update the monotonic raw base */ tk->tkr_raw.base = ns_to_ktime(tk->raw_sec * NSEC_PER_SEC); } /* must hold timekeeper_lock */ static void timekeeping_update(struct timekeeper *tk, unsigned int action) { if (action & TK_CLEAR_NTP) { tk->ntp_error = 0; ntp_clear(); } tk_update_leap_state(tk); tk_update_ktime_data(tk); update_vsyscall(tk); update_pvclock_gtod(tk, action & TK_CLOCK_WAS_SET); tk->tkr_mono.base_real = tk->tkr_mono.base + tk->offs_real; update_fast_timekeeper(&tk->tkr_mono, &tk_fast_mono); update_fast_timekeeper(&tk->tkr_raw, &tk_fast_raw); if (action & TK_CLOCK_WAS_SET) tk->clock_was_set_seq++; /* * The mirroring of the data to the shadow-timekeeper needs * to happen last here to ensure we don't over-write the * timekeeper structure on the next update with stale data */ if (action & TK_MIRROR) memcpy(&shadow_timekeeper, &tk_core.timekeeper, sizeof(tk_core.timekeeper)); } /** * timekeeping_forward_now - update clock to the current time * * Forward the current clock to update its state since the last call to * update_wall_time(). This is useful before significant clock changes, * as it avoids having to deal with this time offset explicitly. */ static void timekeeping_forward_now(struct timekeeper *tk) { u64 cycle_now, delta; cycle_now = tk_clock_read(&tk->tkr_mono); delta = clocksource_delta(cycle_now, tk->tkr_mono.cycle_last, tk->tkr_mono.mask); tk->tkr_mono.cycle_last = cycle_now; tk->tkr_raw.cycle_last = cycle_now; tk->tkr_mono.xtime_nsec += delta * tk->tkr_mono.mult; /* If arch requires, add in get_arch_timeoffset() */ tk->tkr_mono.xtime_nsec += (u64)arch_gettimeoffset() << tk->tkr_mono.shift; tk->tkr_raw.xtime_nsec += delta * tk->tkr_raw.mult; /* If arch requires, add in get_arch_timeoffset() */ tk->tkr_raw.xtime_nsec += (u64)arch_gettimeoffset() << tk->tkr_raw.shift; tk_normalize_xtime(tk); } /** * ktime_get_real_ts64 - Returns the time of day in a timespec64. * @ts: pointer to the timespec to be set * * Returns the time of day in a timespec64 (WARN if suspended). */ void ktime_get_real_ts64(struct timespec64 *ts) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; unsigned int seq; u64 nsecs; WARN_ON(timekeeping_suspended); do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); ts->tv_sec = tk->xtime_sec; nsecs = timekeeping_get_ns(&tk->tkr_mono); } while (read_seqcount_retry(&tk_core.seq, seq)); ts->tv_nsec = 0; timespec64_add_ns(ts, nsecs); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(ktime_get_real_ts64); ktime_t ktime_get(void) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; unsigned int seq; ktime_t base; u64 nsecs; WARN_ON(timekeeping_suspended); do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); base = tk->tkr_mono.base; nsecs = timekeeping_get_ns(&tk->tkr_mono); } while (read_seqcount_retry(&tk_core.seq, seq)); return ktime_add_ns(base, nsecs); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ktime_get); u32 ktime_get_resolution_ns(void) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; unsigned int seq; u32 nsecs; WARN_ON(timekeeping_suspended); do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); nsecs = tk->tkr_mono.mult >> tk->tkr_mono.shift; } while (read_seqcount_retry(&tk_core.seq, seq)); return nsecs; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ktime_get_resolution_ns); static ktime_t *offsets[TK_OFFS_MAX] = { [TK_OFFS_REAL] = &tk_core.timekeeper.offs_real, [TK_OFFS_BOOT] = &tk_core.timekeeper.offs_boot, [TK_OFFS_TAI] = &tk_core.timekeeper.offs_tai, }; ktime_t ktime_get_with_offset(enum tk_offsets offs) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; unsigned int seq; ktime_t base, *offset = offsets[offs]; u64 nsecs; WARN_ON(timekeeping_suspended); do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); base = ktime_add(tk->tkr_mono.base, *offset); nsecs = timekeeping_get_ns(&tk->tkr_mono); } while (read_seqcount_retry(&tk_core.seq, seq)); return ktime_add_ns(base, nsecs); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ktime_get_with_offset); ktime_t ktime_get_coarse_with_offset(enum tk_offsets offs) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; unsigned int seq; ktime_t base, *offset = offsets[offs]; u64 nsecs; WARN_ON(timekeeping_suspended); do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); base = ktime_add(tk->tkr_mono.base, *offset); nsecs = tk->tkr_mono.xtime_nsec >> tk->tkr_mono.shift; } while (read_seqcount_retry(&tk_core.seq, seq)); return ktime_add_ns(base, nsecs); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ktime_get_coarse_with_offset); /** * ktime_mono_to_any() - convert mononotic time to any other time * @tmono: time to convert. * @offs: which offset to use */ ktime_t ktime_mono_to_any(ktime_t tmono, enum tk_offsets offs) { ktime_t *offset = offsets[offs]; unsigned int seq; ktime_t tconv; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); tconv = ktime_add(tmono, *offset); } while (read_seqcount_retry(&tk_core.seq, seq)); return tconv; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ktime_mono_to_any); /** * ktime_get_raw - Returns the raw monotonic time in ktime_t format */ ktime_t ktime_get_raw(void) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; unsigned int seq; ktime_t base; u64 nsecs; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); base = tk->tkr_raw.base; nsecs = timekeeping_get_ns(&tk->tkr_raw); } while (read_seqcount_retry(&tk_core.seq, seq)); return ktime_add_ns(base, nsecs); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ktime_get_raw); /** * ktime_get_ts64 - get the monotonic clock in timespec64 format * @ts: pointer to timespec variable * * The function calculates the monotonic clock from the realtime * clock and the wall_to_monotonic offset and stores the result * in normalized timespec64 format in the variable pointed to by @ts. */ void ktime_get_ts64(struct timespec64 *ts) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; struct timespec64 tomono; unsigned int seq; u64 nsec; WARN_ON(timekeeping_suspended); do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); ts->tv_sec = tk->xtime_sec; nsec = timekeeping_get_ns(&tk->tkr_mono); tomono = tk->wall_to_monotonic; } while (read_seqcount_retry(&tk_core.seq, seq)); ts->tv_sec += tomono.tv_sec; ts->tv_nsec = 0; timespec64_add_ns(ts, nsec + tomono.tv_nsec); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ktime_get_ts64); /** * ktime_get_seconds - Get the seconds portion of CLOCK_MONOTONIC * * Returns the seconds portion of CLOCK_MONOTONIC with a single non * serialized read. tk->ktime_sec is of type 'unsigned long' so this * works on both 32 and 64 bit systems. On 32 bit systems the readout * covers ~136 years of uptime which should be enough to prevent * premature wrap arounds. */ time64_t ktime_get_seconds(void) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; WARN_ON(timekeeping_suspended); return tk->ktime_sec; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ktime_get_seconds); /** * ktime_get_real_seconds - Get the seconds portion of CLOCK_REALTIME * * Returns the wall clock seconds since 1970. This replaces the * get_seconds() interface which is not y2038 safe on 32bit systems. * * For 64bit systems the fast access to tk->xtime_sec is preserved. On * 32bit systems the access must be protected with the sequence * counter to provide "atomic" access to the 64bit tk->xtime_sec * value. */ time64_t ktime_get_real_seconds(void) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; time64_t seconds; unsigned int seq; if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_64BIT)) return tk->xtime_sec; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); seconds = tk->xtime_sec; } while (read_seqcount_retry(&tk_core.seq, seq)); return seconds; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ktime_get_real_seconds); /** * __ktime_get_real_seconds - The same as ktime_get_real_seconds * but without the sequence counter protect. This internal function * is called just when timekeeping lock is already held. */ noinstr time64_t __ktime_get_real_seconds(void) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; return tk->xtime_sec; } /** * ktime_get_snapshot - snapshots the realtime/monotonic raw clocks with counter * @systime_snapshot: pointer to struct receiving the system time snapshot */ void ktime_get_snapshot(struct system_time_snapshot *systime_snapshot) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; unsigned int seq; ktime_t base_raw; ktime_t base_real; u64 nsec_raw; u64 nsec_real; u64 now; WARN_ON_ONCE(timekeeping_suspended); do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); now = tk_clock_read(&tk->tkr_mono); systime_snapshot->cs_was_changed_seq = tk->cs_was_changed_seq; systime_snapshot->clock_was_set_seq = tk->clock_was_set_seq; base_real = ktime_add(tk->tkr_mono.base, tk_core.timekeeper.offs_real); base_raw = tk->tkr_raw.base; nsec_real = timekeeping_cycles_to_ns(&tk->tkr_mono, now); nsec_raw = timekeeping_cycles_to_ns(&tk->tkr_raw, now); } while (read_seqcount_retry(&tk_core.seq, seq)); systime_snapshot->cycles = now; systime_snapshot->real = ktime_add_ns(base_real, nsec_real); systime_snapshot->raw = ktime_add_ns(base_raw, nsec_raw); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ktime_get_snapshot); /* Scale base by mult/div checking for overflow */ static int scale64_check_overflow(u64 mult, u64 div, u64 *base) { u64 tmp, rem; tmp = div64_u64_rem(*base, div, &rem); if (((int)sizeof(u64)*8 - fls64(mult) < fls64(tmp)) || ((int)sizeof(u64)*8 - fls64(mult) < fls64(rem))) return -EOVERFLOW; tmp *= mult; rem = div64_u64(rem * mult, div); *base = tmp + rem; return 0; } /** * adjust_historical_crosststamp - adjust crosstimestamp previous to current interval * @history: Snapshot representing start of history * @partial_history_cycles: Cycle offset into history (fractional part) * @total_history_cycles: Total history length in cycles * @discontinuity: True indicates clock was set on history period * @ts: Cross timestamp that should be adjusted using * partial/total ratio * * Helper function used by get_device_system_crosststamp() to correct the * crosstimestamp corresponding to the start of the current interval to the * system counter value (timestamp point) provided by the driver. The * total_history_* quantities are the total history starting at the provided * reference point and ending at the start of the current interval. The cycle * count between the driver timestamp point and the start of the current * interval is partial_history_cycles. */ static int adjust_historical_crosststamp(struct system_time_snapshot *history, u64 partial_history_cycles, u64 total_history_cycles, bool discontinuity, struct system_device_crosststamp *ts) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; u64 corr_raw, corr_real; bool interp_forward; int ret; if (total_history_cycles == 0 || partial_history_cycles == 0) return 0; /* Interpolate shortest distance from beginning or end of history */ interp_forward = partial_history_cycles > total_history_cycles / 2; partial_history_cycles = interp_forward ? total_history_cycles - partial_history_cycles : partial_history_cycles; /* * Scale the monotonic raw time delta by: * partial_history_cycles / total_history_cycles */ corr_raw = (u64)ktime_to_ns( ktime_sub(ts->sys_monoraw, history->raw)); ret = scale64_check_overflow(partial_history_cycles, total_history_cycles, &corr_raw); if (ret) return ret; /* * If there is a discontinuity in the history, scale monotonic raw * correction by: * mult(real)/mult(raw) yielding the realtime correction * Otherwise, calculate the realtime correction similar to monotonic * raw calculation */ if (discontinuity) { corr_real = mul_u64_u32_div (corr_raw, tk->tkr_mono.mult, tk->tkr_raw.mult); } else { corr_real = (u64)ktime_to_ns( ktime_sub(ts->sys_realtime, history->real)); ret = scale64_check_overflow(partial_history_cycles, total_history_cycles, &corr_real); if (ret) return ret; } /* Fixup monotonic raw and real time time values */ if (interp_forward) { ts->sys_monoraw = ktime_add_ns(history->raw, corr_raw); ts->sys_realtime = ktime_add_ns(history->real, corr_real); } else { ts->sys_monoraw = ktime_sub_ns(ts->sys_monoraw, corr_raw); ts->sys_realtime = ktime_sub_ns(ts->sys_realtime, corr_real); } return 0; } /* * cycle_between - true if test occurs chronologically between before and after */ static bool cycle_between(u64 before, u64 test, u64 after) { if (test > before && test < after) return true; if (test < before && before > after) return true; return false; } /** * get_device_system_crosststamp - Synchronously capture system/device timestamp * @get_time_fn: Callback to get simultaneous device time and * system counter from the device driver * @ctx: Context passed to get_time_fn() * @history_begin: Historical reference point used to interpolate system * time when counter provided by the driver is before the current interval * @xtstamp: Receives simultaneously captured system and device time * * Reads a timestamp from a device and correlates it to system time */ int get_device_system_crosststamp(int (*get_time_fn) (ktime_t *device_time, struct system_counterval_t *sys_counterval, void *ctx), void *ctx, struct system_time_snapshot *history_begin, struct system_device_crosststamp *xtstamp) { struct system_counterval_t system_counterval; struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; u64 cycles, now, interval_start; unsigned int clock_was_set_seq = 0; ktime_t base_real, base_raw; u64 nsec_real, nsec_raw; u8 cs_was_changed_seq; unsigned int seq; bool do_interp; int ret; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); /* * Try to synchronously capture device time and a system * counter value calling back into the device driver */ ret = get_time_fn(&xtstamp->device, &system_counterval, ctx); if (ret) return ret; /* * Verify that the clocksource associated with the captured * system counter value is the same as the currently installed * timekeeper clocksource */ if (tk->tkr_mono.clock != system_counterval.cs) return -ENODEV; cycles = system_counterval.cycles; /* * Check whether the system counter value provided by the * device driver is on the current timekeeping interval. */ now = tk_clock_read(&tk->tkr_mono); interval_start = tk->tkr_mono.cycle_last; if (!cycle_between(interval_start, cycles, now)) { clock_was_set_seq = tk->clock_was_set_seq; cs_was_changed_seq = tk->cs_was_changed_seq; cycles = interval_start; do_interp = true; } else { do_interp = false; } base_real = ktime_add(tk->tkr_mono.base, tk_core.timekeeper.offs_real); base_raw = tk->tkr_raw.base; nsec_real = timekeeping_cycles_to_ns(&tk->tkr_mono, system_counterval.cycles); nsec_raw = timekeeping_cycles_to_ns(&tk->tkr_raw, system_counterval.cycles); } while (read_seqcount_retry(&tk_core.seq, seq)); xtstamp->sys_realtime = ktime_add_ns(base_real, nsec_real); xtstamp->sys_monoraw = ktime_add_ns(base_raw, nsec_raw); /* * Interpolate if necessary, adjusting back from the start of the * current interval */ if (do_interp) { u64 partial_history_cycles, total_history_cycles; bool discontinuity; /* * Check that the counter value occurs after the provided * history reference and that the history doesn't cross a * clocksource change */ if (!history_begin || !cycle_between(history_begin->cycles, system_counterval.cycles, cycles) || history_begin->cs_was_changed_seq != cs_was_changed_seq) return -EINVAL; partial_history_cycles = cycles - system_counterval.cycles; total_history_cycles = cycles - history_begin->cycles; discontinuity = history_begin->clock_was_set_seq != clock_was_set_seq; ret = adjust_historical_crosststamp(history_begin, partial_history_cycles, total_history_cycles, discontinuity, xtstamp); if (ret) return ret; } return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_device_system_crosststamp); /** * do_settimeofday64 - Sets the time of day. * @ts: pointer to the timespec64 variable containing the new time * * Sets the time of day to the new time and update NTP and notify hrtimers */ int do_settimeofday64(const struct timespec64 *ts) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; struct timespec64 ts_delta, xt; unsigned long flags; int ret = 0; if (!timespec64_valid_settod(ts)) return -EINVAL; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&timekeeper_lock, flags); write_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); timekeeping_forward_now(tk); xt = tk_xtime(tk); ts_delta = timespec64_sub(*ts, xt); if (timespec64_compare(&tk->wall_to_monotonic, &ts_delta) > 0) { ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } tk_set_wall_to_mono(tk, timespec64_sub(tk->wall_to_monotonic, ts_delta)); tk_set_xtime(tk, ts); out: timekeeping_update(tk, TK_CLEAR_NTP | TK_MIRROR | TK_CLOCK_WAS_SET); write_seqcount_end(&tk_core.seq); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&timekeeper_lock, flags); /* signal hrtimers about time change */ clock_was_set(); if (!ret) audit_tk_injoffset(ts_delta); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(do_settimeofday64); /** * timekeeping_inject_offset - Adds or subtracts from the current time. * @tv: pointer to the timespec variable containing the offset * * Adds or subtracts an offset value from the current time. */ static int timekeeping_inject_offset(const struct timespec64 *ts) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; unsigned long flags; struct timespec64 tmp; int ret = 0; if (ts->tv_nsec < 0 || ts->tv_nsec >= NSEC_PER_SEC) return -EINVAL; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&timekeeper_lock, flags); write_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); timekeeping_forward_now(tk); /* Make sure the proposed value is valid */ tmp = timespec64_add(tk_xtime(tk), *ts); if (timespec64_compare(&tk->wall_to_monotonic, ts) > 0 || !timespec64_valid_settod(&tmp)) { ret = -EINVAL; goto error; } tk_xtime_add(tk, ts); tk_set_wall_to_mono(tk, timespec64_sub(tk->wall_to_monotonic, *ts)); error: /* even if we error out, we forwarded the time, so call update */ timekeeping_update(tk, TK_CLEAR_NTP | TK_MIRROR | TK_CLOCK_WAS_SET); write_seqcount_end(&tk_core.seq); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&timekeeper_lock, flags); /* signal hrtimers about time change */ clock_was_set(); return ret; } /* * Indicates if there is an offset between the system clock and the hardware * clock/persistent clock/rtc. */ int persistent_clock_is_local; /* * Adjust the time obtained from the CMOS to be UTC time instead of * local time. * * This is ugly, but preferable to the alternatives. Otherwise we * would either need to write a program to do it in /etc/rc (and risk * confusion if the program gets run more than once; it would also be * hard to make the program warp the clock precisely n hours) or * compile in the timezone information into the kernel. Bad, bad.... * * - TYT, 1992-01-01 * * The best thing to do is to keep the CMOS clock in universal time (UTC) * as real UNIX machines always do it. This avoids all headaches about * daylight saving times and warping kernel clocks. */ void timekeeping_warp_clock(void) { if (sys_tz.tz_minuteswest != 0) { struct timespec64 adjust; persistent_clock_is_local = 1; adjust.tv_sec = sys_tz.tz_minuteswest * 60; adjust.tv_nsec = 0; timekeeping_inject_offset(&adjust); } } /** * __timekeeping_set_tai_offset - Sets the TAI offset from UTC and monotonic * */ static void __timekeeping_set_tai_offset(struct timekeeper *tk, s32 tai_offset) { tk->tai_offset = tai_offset; tk->offs_tai = ktime_add(tk->offs_real, ktime_set(tai_offset, 0)); } /** * change_clocksource - Swaps clocksources if a new one is available * * Accumulates current time interval and initializes new clocksource */ static int change_clocksource(void *data) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; struct clocksource *new, *old; unsigned long flags; new = (struct clocksource *) data; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&timekeeper_lock, flags); write_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); timekeeping_forward_now(tk); /* * If the cs is in module, get a module reference. Succeeds * for built-in code (owner == NULL) as well. */ if (try_module_get(new->owner)) { if (!new->enable || new->enable(new) == 0) { old = tk->tkr_mono.clock; tk_setup_internals(tk, new); if (old->disable) old->disable(old); module_put(old->owner); } else { module_put(new->owner); } } timekeeping_update(tk, TK_CLEAR_NTP | TK_MIRROR | TK_CLOCK_WAS_SET); write_seqcount_end(&tk_core.seq); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&timekeeper_lock, flags); return 0; } /** * timekeeping_notify - Install a new clock source * @clock: pointer to the clock source * * This function is called from clocksource.c after a new, better clock * source has been registered. The caller holds the clocksource_mutex. */ int timekeeping_notify(struct clocksource *clock) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; if (tk->tkr_mono.clock == clock) return 0; stop_machine(change_clocksource, clock, NULL); tick_clock_notify(); return tk->tkr_mono.clock == clock ? 0 : -1; } /** * ktime_get_raw_ts64 - Returns the raw monotonic time in a timespec * @ts: pointer to the timespec64 to be set * * Returns the raw monotonic time (completely un-modified by ntp) */ void ktime_get_raw_ts64(struct timespec64 *ts) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; unsigned int seq; u64 nsecs; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); ts->tv_sec = tk->raw_sec; nsecs = timekeeping_get_ns(&tk->tkr_raw); } while (read_seqcount_retry(&tk_core.seq, seq)); ts->tv_nsec = 0; timespec64_add_ns(ts, nsecs); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(ktime_get_raw_ts64); /** * timekeeping_valid_for_hres - Check if timekeeping is suitable for hres */ int timekeeping_valid_for_hres(void) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; unsigned int seq; int ret; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); ret = tk->tkr_mono.clock->flags & CLOCK_SOURCE_VALID_FOR_HRES; } while (read_seqcount_retry(&tk_core.seq, seq)); return ret; } /** * timekeeping_max_deferment - Returns max time the clocksource can be deferred */ u64 timekeeping_max_deferment(void) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; unsigned int seq; u64 ret; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); ret = tk->tkr_mono.clock->max_idle_ns; } while (read_seqcount_retry(&tk_core.seq, seq)); return ret; } /** * read_persistent_clock64 - Return time from the persistent clock. * * Weak dummy function for arches that do not yet support it. * Reads the time from the battery backed persistent clock. * Returns a timespec with tv_sec=0 and tv_nsec=0 if unsupported. * * XXX - Do be sure to remove it once all arches implement it. */ void __weak read_persistent_clock64(struct timespec64 *ts) { ts->tv_sec = 0; ts->tv_nsec = 0; } /** * read_persistent_wall_and_boot_offset - Read persistent clock, and also offset * from the boot. * * Weak dummy function for arches that do not yet support it. * wall_time - current time as returned by persistent clock * boot_offset - offset that is defined as wall_time - boot_time * The default function calculates offset based on the current value of * local_clock(). This way architectures that support sched_clock() but don't * support dedicated boot time clock will provide the best estimate of the * boot time. */ void __weak __init read_persistent_wall_and_boot_offset(struct timespec64 *wall_time, struct timespec64 *boot_offset) { read_persistent_clock64(wall_time); *boot_offset = ns_to_timespec64(local_clock()); } /* * Flag reflecting whether timekeeping_resume() has injected sleeptime. * * The flag starts of false and is only set when a suspend reaches * timekeeping_suspend(), timekeeping_resume() sets it to false when the * timekeeper clocksource is not stopping across suspend and has been * used to update sleep time. If the timekeeper clocksource has stopped * then the flag stays true and is used by the RTC resume code to decide * whether sleeptime must be injected and if so the flag gets false then. * * If a suspend fails before reaching timekeeping_resume() then the flag * stays false and prevents erroneous sleeptime injection. */ static bool suspend_timing_needed; /* Flag for if there is a persistent clock on this platform */ static bool persistent_clock_exists; /* * timekeeping_init - Initializes the clocksource and common timekeeping values */ void __init timekeeping_init(void) { struct timespec64 wall_time, boot_offset, wall_to_mono; struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; struct clocksource *clock; unsigned long flags; read_persistent_wall_and_boot_offset(&wall_time, &boot_offset); if (timespec64_valid_settod(&wall_time) && timespec64_to_ns(&wall_time) > 0) { persistent_clock_exists = true; } else if (timespec64_to_ns(&wall_time) != 0) { pr_warn("Persistent clock returned invalid value"); wall_time = (struct timespec64){0}; } if (timespec64_compare(&wall_time, &boot_offset) < 0) boot_offset = (struct timespec64){0}; /* * We want set wall_to_mono, so the following is true: * wall time + wall_to_mono = boot time */ wall_to_mono = timespec64_sub(boot_offset, wall_time); raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&timekeeper_lock, flags); write_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); ntp_init(); clock = clocksource_default_clock(); if (clock->enable) clock->enable(clock); tk_setup_internals(tk, clock); tk_set_xtime(tk, &wall_time); tk->raw_sec = 0; tk_set_wall_to_mono(tk, wall_to_mono); timekeeping_update(tk, TK_MIRROR | TK_CLOCK_WAS_SET); write_seqcount_end(&tk_core.seq); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&timekeeper_lock, flags); } /* time in seconds when suspend began for persistent clock */ static struct timespec64 timekeeping_suspend_time; /** * __timekeeping_inject_sleeptime - Internal function to add sleep interval * @delta: pointer to a timespec delta value * * Takes a timespec offset measuring a suspend interval and properly * adds the sleep offset to the timekeeping variables. */ static void __timekeeping_inject_sleeptime(struct timekeeper *tk, const struct timespec64 *delta) { if (!timespec64_valid_strict(delta)) { printk_deferred(KERN_WARNING "__timekeeping_inject_sleeptime: Invalid " "sleep delta value!\n"); return; } tk_xtime_add(tk, delta); tk_set_wall_to_mono(tk, timespec64_sub(tk->wall_to_monotonic, *delta)); tk_update_sleep_time(tk, timespec64_to_ktime(*delta)); tk_debug_account_sleep_time(delta); } #if defined(CONFIG_PM_SLEEP) && defined(CONFIG_RTC_HCTOSYS_DEVICE) /** * We have three kinds of time sources to use for sleep time * injection, the preference order is: * 1) non-stop clocksource * 2) persistent clock (ie: RTC accessible when irqs are off) * 3) RTC * * 1) and 2) are used by timekeeping, 3) by RTC subsystem. * If system has neither 1) nor 2), 3) will be used finally. * * * If timekeeping has injected sleeptime via either 1) or 2), * 3) becomes needless, so in this case we don't need to call * rtc_resume(), and this is what timekeeping_rtc_skipresume() * means. */ bool timekeeping_rtc_skipresume(void) { return !suspend_timing_needed; } /** * 1) can be determined whether to use or not only when doing * timekeeping_resume() which is invoked after rtc_suspend(), * so we can't skip rtc_suspend() surely if system has 1). * * But if system has 2), 2) will definitely be used, so in this * case we don't need to call rtc_suspend(), and this is what * timekeeping_rtc_skipsuspend() means. */ bool timekeeping_rtc_skipsuspend(void) { return persistent_clock_exists; } /** * timekeeping_inject_sleeptime64 - Adds suspend interval to timeekeeping values * @delta: pointer to a timespec64 delta value * * This hook is for architectures that cannot support read_persistent_clock64 * because their RTC/persistent clock is only accessible when irqs are enabled. * and also don't have an effective nonstop clocksource. * * This function should only be called by rtc_resume(), and allows * a suspend offset to be injected into the timekeeping values. */ void timekeeping_inject_sleeptime64(const struct timespec64 *delta) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; unsigned long flags; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&timekeeper_lock, flags); write_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); suspend_timing_needed = false; timekeeping_forward_now(tk); __timekeeping_inject_sleeptime(tk, delta); timekeeping_update(tk, TK_CLEAR_NTP | TK_MIRROR | TK_CLOCK_WAS_SET); write_seqcount_end(&tk_core.seq); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&timekeeper_lock, flags); /* signal hrtimers about time change */ clock_was_set(); } #endif /** * timekeeping_resume - Resumes the generic timekeeping subsystem. */ void timekeeping_resume(void) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; struct clocksource *clock = tk->tkr_mono.clock; unsigned long flags; struct timespec64 ts_new, ts_delta; u64 cycle_now, nsec; bool inject_sleeptime = false; read_persistent_clock64(&ts_new); clockevents_resume(); clocksource_resume(); raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&timekeeper_lock, flags); write_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); /* * After system resumes, we need to calculate the suspended time and * compensate it for the OS time. There are 3 sources that could be * used: Nonstop clocksource during suspend, persistent clock and rtc * device. * * One specific platform may have 1 or 2 or all of them, and the * preference will be: * suspend-nonstop clocksource -> persistent clock -> rtc * The less preferred source will only be tried if there is no better * usable source. The rtc part is handled separately in rtc core code. */ cycle_now = tk_clock_read(&tk->tkr_mono); nsec = clocksource_stop_suspend_timing(clock, cycle_now); if (nsec > 0) { ts_delta = ns_to_timespec64(nsec); inject_sleeptime = true; } else if (timespec64_compare(&ts_new, &timekeeping_suspend_time) > 0) { ts_delta = timespec64_sub(ts_new, timekeeping_suspend_time); inject_sleeptime = true; } if (inject_sleeptime) { suspend_timing_needed = false; __timekeeping_inject_sleeptime(tk, &ts_delta); } /* Re-base the last cycle value */ tk->tkr_mono.cycle_last = cycle_now; tk->tkr_raw.cycle_last = cycle_now; tk->ntp_error = 0; timekeeping_suspended = 0; timekeeping_update(tk, TK_MIRROR | TK_CLOCK_WAS_SET); write_seqcount_end(&tk_core.seq); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&timekeeper_lock, flags); touch_softlockup_watchdog(); tick_resume(); hrtimers_resume(); } int timekeeping_suspend(void) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; unsigned long flags; struct timespec64 delta, delta_delta; static struct timespec64 old_delta; struct clocksource *curr_clock; u64 cycle_now; read_persistent_clock64(&timekeeping_suspend_time); /* * On some systems the persistent_clock can not be detected at * timekeeping_init by its return value, so if we see a valid * value returned, update the persistent_clock_exists flag. */ if (timekeeping_suspend_time.tv_sec || timekeeping_suspend_time.tv_nsec) persistent_clock_exists = true; suspend_timing_needed = true; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&timekeeper_lock, flags); write_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); timekeeping_forward_now(tk); timekeeping_suspended = 1; /* * Since we've called forward_now, cycle_last stores the value * just read from the current clocksource. Save this to potentially * use in suspend timing. */ curr_clock = tk->tkr_mono.clock; cycle_now = tk->tkr_mono.cycle_last; clocksource_start_suspend_timing(curr_clock, cycle_now); if (persistent_clock_exists) { /* * To avoid drift caused by repeated suspend/resumes, * which each can add ~1 second drift error, * try to compensate so the difference in system time * and persistent_clock time stays close to constant. */ delta = timespec64_sub(tk_xtime(tk), timekeeping_suspend_time); delta_delta = timespec64_sub(delta, old_delta); if (abs(delta_delta.tv_sec) >= 2) { /* * if delta_delta is too large, assume time correction * has occurred and set old_delta to the current delta. */ old_delta = delta; } else { /* Otherwise try to adjust old_system to compensate */ timekeeping_suspend_time = timespec64_add(timekeeping_suspend_time, delta_delta); } } timekeeping_update(tk, TK_MIRROR); halt_fast_timekeeper(tk); write_seqcount_end(&tk_core.seq); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&timekeeper_lock, flags); tick_suspend(); clocksource_suspend(); clockevents_suspend(); return 0; } /* sysfs resume/suspend bits for timekeeping */ static struct syscore_ops timekeeping_syscore_ops = { .resume = timekeeping_resume, .suspend = timekeeping_suspend, }; static int __init timekeeping_init_ops(void) { register_syscore_ops(&timekeeping_syscore_ops); return 0; } device_initcall(timekeeping_init_ops); /* * Apply a multiplier adjustment to the timekeeper */ static __always_inline void timekeeping_apply_adjustment(struct timekeeper *tk, s64 offset, s32 mult_adj) { s64 interval = tk->cycle_interval; if (mult_adj == 0) { return; } else if (mult_adj == -1) { interval = -interval; offset = -offset; } else if (mult_adj != 1) { interval *= mult_adj; offset *= mult_adj; } /* * So the following can be confusing. * * To keep things simple, lets assume mult_adj == 1 for now. * * When mult_adj != 1, remember that the interval and offset values * have been appropriately scaled so the math is the same. * * The basic idea here is that we're increasing the multiplier * by one, this causes the xtime_interval to be incremented by * one cycle_interval. This is because: * xtime_interval = cycle_interval * mult * So if mult is being incremented by one: * xtime_interval = cycle_interval * (mult + 1) * Its the same as: * xtime_interval = (cycle_interval * mult) + cycle_interval * Which can be shortened to: * xtime_interval += cycle_interval * * So offset stores the non-accumulated cycles. Thus the current * time (in shifted nanoseconds) is: * now = (offset * adj) + xtime_nsec * Now, even though we're adjusting the clock frequency, we have * to keep time consistent. In other words, we can't jump back * in time, and we also want to avoid jumping forward in time. * * So given the same offset value, we need the time to be the same * both before and after the freq adjustment. * now = (offset * adj_1) + xtime_nsec_1 * now = (offset * adj_2) + xtime_nsec_2 * So: * (offset * adj_1) + xtime_nsec_1 = * (offset * adj_2) + xtime_nsec_2 * And we know: * adj_2 = adj_1 + 1 * So: * (offset * adj_1) + xtime_nsec_1 = * (offset * (adj_1+1)) + xtime_nsec_2 * (offset * adj_1) + xtime_nsec_1 = * (offset * adj_1) + offset + xtime_nsec_2 * Canceling the sides: * xtime_nsec_1 = offset + xtime_nsec_2 * Which gives us: * xtime_nsec_2 = xtime_nsec_1 - offset * Which simplfies to: * xtime_nsec -= offset */ if ((mult_adj > 0) && (tk->tkr_mono.mult + mult_adj < mult_adj)) { /* NTP adjustment caused clocksource mult overflow */ WARN_ON_ONCE(1); return; } tk->tkr_mono.mult += mult_adj; tk->xtime_interval += interval; tk->tkr_mono.xtime_nsec -= offset; } /* * Adjust the timekeeper's multiplier to the correct frequency * and also to reduce the accumulated error value. */ static void timekeeping_adjust(struct timekeeper *tk, s64 offset) { u32 mult; /* * Determine the multiplier from the current NTP tick length. * Avoid expensive division when the tick length doesn't change. */ if (likely(tk->ntp_tick == ntp_tick_length())) { mult = tk->tkr_mono.mult - tk->ntp_err_mult; } else { tk->ntp_tick = ntp_tick_length(); mult = div64_u64((tk->ntp_tick >> tk->ntp_error_shift) - tk->xtime_remainder, tk->cycle_interval); } /* * If the clock is behind the NTP time, increase the multiplier by 1 * to catch up with it. If it's ahead and there was a remainder in the * tick division, the clock will slow down. Otherwise it will stay * ahead until the tick length changes to a non-divisible value. */ tk->ntp_err_mult = tk->ntp_error > 0 ? 1 : 0; mult += tk->ntp_err_mult; timekeeping_apply_adjustment(tk, offset, mult - tk->tkr_mono.mult); if (unlikely(tk->tkr_mono.clock->maxadj && (abs(tk->tkr_mono.mult - tk->tkr_mono.clock->mult) > tk->tkr_mono.clock->maxadj))) { printk_once(KERN_WARNING "Adjusting %s more than 11%% (%ld vs %ld)\n", tk->tkr_mono.clock->name, (long)tk->tkr_mono.mult, (long)tk->tkr_mono.clock->mult + tk->tkr_mono.clock->maxadj); } /* * It may be possible that when we entered this function, xtime_nsec * was very small. Further, if we're slightly speeding the clocksource * in the code above, its possible the required corrective factor to * xtime_nsec could cause it to underflow. * * Now, since we have already accumulated the second and the NTP * subsystem has been notified via second_overflow(), we need to skip * the next update. */ if (unlikely((s64)tk->tkr_mono.xtime_nsec < 0)) { tk->tkr_mono.xtime_nsec += (u64)NSEC_PER_SEC << tk->tkr_mono.shift; tk->xtime_sec--; tk->skip_second_overflow = 1; } } /** * accumulate_nsecs_to_secs - Accumulates nsecs into secs * * Helper function that accumulates the nsecs greater than a second * from the xtime_nsec field to the xtime_secs field. * It also calls into the NTP code to handle leapsecond processing. * */ static inline unsigned int accumulate_nsecs_to_secs(struct timekeeper *tk) { u64 nsecps = (u64)NSEC_PER_SEC << tk->tkr_mono.shift; unsigned int clock_set = 0; while (tk->tkr_mono.xtime_nsec >= nsecps) { int leap; tk->tkr_mono.xtime_nsec -= nsecps; tk->xtime_sec++; /* * Skip NTP update if this second was accumulated before, * i.e. xtime_nsec underflowed in timekeeping_adjust() */ if (unlikely(tk->skip_second_overflow)) { tk->skip_second_overflow = 0; continue; } /* Figure out if its a leap sec and apply if needed */ leap = second_overflow(tk->xtime_sec); if (unlikely(leap)) { struct timespec64 ts; tk->xtime_sec += leap; ts.tv_sec = leap; ts.tv_nsec = 0; tk_set_wall_to_mono(tk, timespec64_sub(tk->wall_to_monotonic, ts)); __timekeeping_set_tai_offset(tk, tk->tai_offset - leap); clock_set = TK_CLOCK_WAS_SET; } } return clock_set; } /** * logarithmic_accumulation - shifted accumulation of cycles * * This functions accumulates a shifted interval of cycles into * a shifted interval nanoseconds. Allows for O(log) accumulation * loop. * * Returns the unconsumed cycles. */ static u64 logarithmic_accumulation(struct timekeeper *tk, u64 offset, u32 shift, unsigned int *clock_set) { u64 interval = tk->cycle_interval << shift; u64 snsec_per_sec; /* If the offset is smaller than a shifted interval, do nothing */ if (offset < interval) return offset; /* Accumulate one shifted interval */ offset -= interval; tk->tkr_mono.cycle_last += interval; tk->tkr_raw.cycle_last += interval; tk->tkr_mono.xtime_nsec += tk->xtime_interval << shift; *clock_set |= accumulate_nsecs_to_secs(tk); /* Accumulate raw time */ tk->tkr_raw.xtime_nsec += tk->raw_interval << shift; snsec_per_sec = (u64)NSEC_PER_SEC << tk->tkr_raw.shift; while (tk->tkr_raw.xtime_nsec >= snsec_per_sec) { tk->tkr_raw.xtime_nsec -= snsec_per_sec; tk->raw_sec++; } /* Accumulate error between NTP and clock interval */ tk->ntp_error += tk->ntp_tick << shift; tk->ntp_error -= (tk->xtime_interval + tk->xtime_remainder) << (tk->ntp_error_shift + shift); return offset; } /* * timekeeping_advance - Updates the timekeeper to the current time and * current NTP tick length */ static void timekeeping_advance(enum timekeeping_adv_mode mode) { struct timekeeper *real_tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; struct timekeeper *tk = &shadow_timekeeper; u64 offset; int shift = 0, maxshift; unsigned int clock_set = 0; unsigned long flags; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&timekeeper_lock, flags); /* Make sure we're fully resumed: */ if (unlikely(timekeeping_suspended)) goto out; #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_USES_GETTIMEOFFSET offset = real_tk->cycle_interval; if (mode != TK_ADV_TICK) goto out; #else offset = clocksource_delta(tk_clock_read(&tk->tkr_mono), tk->tkr_mono.cycle_last, tk->tkr_mono.mask); /* Check if there's really nothing to do */ if (offset < real_tk->cycle_interval && mode == TK_ADV_TICK) goto out; #endif /* Do some additional sanity checking */ timekeeping_check_update(tk, offset); /* * With NO_HZ we may have to accumulate many cycle_intervals * (think "ticks") worth of time at once. To do this efficiently, * we calculate the largest doubling multiple of cycle_intervals * that is smaller than the offset. We then accumulate that * chunk in one go, and then try to consume the next smaller * doubled multiple. */ shift = ilog2(offset) - ilog2(tk->cycle_interval); shift = max(0, shift); /* Bound shift to one less than what overflows tick_length */ maxshift = (64 - (ilog2(ntp_tick_length())+1)) - 1; shift = min(shift, maxshift); while (offset >= tk->cycle_interval) { offset = logarithmic_accumulation(tk, offset, shift, &clock_set); if (offset < tk->cycle_interval<<shift) shift--; } /* Adjust the multiplier to correct NTP error */ timekeeping_adjust(tk, offset); /* * Finally, make sure that after the rounding * xtime_nsec isn't larger than NSEC_PER_SEC */ clock_set |= accumulate_nsecs_to_secs(tk); write_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); /* * Update the real timekeeper. * * We could avoid this memcpy by switching pointers, but that * requires changes to all other timekeeper usage sites as * well, i.e. move the timekeeper pointer getter into the * spinlocked/seqcount protected sections. And we trade this * memcpy under the tk_core.seq against one before we start * updating. */ timekeeping_update(tk, clock_set); memcpy(real_tk, tk, sizeof(*tk)); /* The memcpy must come last. Do not put anything here! */ write_seqcount_end(&tk_core.seq); out: raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&timekeeper_lock, flags); if (clock_set) /* Have to call _delayed version, since in irq context*/ clock_was_set_delayed(); } /** * update_wall_time - Uses the current clocksource to increment the wall time * */ void update_wall_time(void) { timekeeping_advance(TK_ADV_TICK); } /** * getboottime64 - Return the real time of system boot. * @ts: pointer to the timespec64 to be set * * Returns the wall-time of boot in a timespec64. * * This is based on the wall_to_monotonic offset and the total suspend * time. Calls to settimeofday will affect the value returned (which * basically means that however wrong your real time clock is at boot time, * you get the right time here). */ void getboottime64(struct timespec64 *ts) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; ktime_t t = ktime_sub(tk->offs_real, tk->offs_boot); *ts = ktime_to_timespec64(t); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(getboottime64); void ktime_get_coarse_real_ts64(struct timespec64 *ts) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; unsigned int seq; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); *ts = tk_xtime(tk); } while (read_seqcount_retry(&tk_core.seq, seq)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(ktime_get_coarse_real_ts64); void ktime_get_coarse_ts64(struct timespec64 *ts) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; struct timespec64 now, mono; unsigned int seq; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); now = tk_xtime(tk); mono = tk->wall_to_monotonic; } while (read_seqcount_retry(&tk_core.seq, seq)); set_normalized_timespec64(ts, now.tv_sec + mono.tv_sec, now.tv_nsec + mono.tv_nsec); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(ktime_get_coarse_ts64); /* * Must hold jiffies_lock */ void do_timer(unsigned long ticks) { jiffies_64 += ticks; calc_global_load(); } /** * ktime_get_update_offsets_now - hrtimer helper * @cwsseq: pointer to check and store the clock was set sequence number * @offs_real: pointer to storage for monotonic -> realtime offset * @offs_boot: pointer to storage for monotonic -> boottime offset * @offs_tai: pointer to storage for monotonic -> clock tai offset * * Returns current monotonic time and updates the offsets if the * sequence number in @cwsseq and timekeeper.clock_was_set_seq are * different. * * Called from hrtimer_interrupt() or retrigger_next_event() */ ktime_t ktime_get_update_offsets_now(unsigned int *cwsseq, ktime_t *offs_real, ktime_t *offs_boot, ktime_t *offs_tai) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; unsigned int seq; ktime_t base; u64 nsecs; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); base = tk->tkr_mono.base; nsecs = timekeeping_get_ns(&tk->tkr_mono); base = ktime_add_ns(base, nsecs); if (*cwsseq != tk->clock_was_set_seq) { *cwsseq = tk->clock_was_set_seq; *offs_real = tk->offs_real; *offs_boot = tk->offs_boot; *offs_tai = tk->offs_tai; } /* Handle leapsecond insertion adjustments */ if (unlikely(base >= tk->next_leap_ktime)) *offs_real = ktime_sub(tk->offs_real, ktime_set(1, 0)); } while (read_seqcount_retry(&tk_core.seq, seq)); return base; } /** * timekeeping_validate_timex - Ensures the timex is ok for use in do_adjtimex */ static int timekeeping_validate_timex(const struct __kernel_timex *txc) { if (txc->modes & ADJ_ADJTIME) { /* singleshot must not be used with any other mode bits */ if (!(txc->modes & ADJ_OFFSET_SINGLESHOT)) return -EINVAL; if (!(txc->modes & ADJ_OFFSET_READONLY) && !capable(CAP_SYS_TIME)) return -EPERM; } else { /* In order to modify anything, you gotta be super-user! */ if (txc->modes && !capable(CAP_SYS_TIME)) return -EPERM; /* * if the quartz is off by more than 10% then * something is VERY wrong! */ if (txc->modes & ADJ_TICK && (txc->tick < 900000/USER_HZ || txc->tick > 1100000/USER_HZ)) return -EINVAL; } if (txc->modes & ADJ_SETOFFSET) { /* In order to inject time, you gotta be super-user! */ if (!capable(CAP_SYS_TIME)) return -EPERM; /* * Validate if a timespec/timeval used to inject a time * offset is valid. Offsets can be postive or negative, so * we don't check tv_sec. The value of the timeval/timespec * is the sum of its fields,but *NOTE*: * The field tv_usec/tv_nsec must always be non-negative and * we can't have more nanoseconds/microseconds than a second. */ if (txc->time.tv_usec < 0) return -EINVAL; if (txc->modes & ADJ_NANO) { if (txc->time.tv_usec >= NSEC_PER_SEC) return -EINVAL; } else { if (txc->time.tv_usec >= USEC_PER_SEC) return -EINVAL; } } /* * Check for potential multiplication overflows that can * only happen on 64-bit systems: */ if ((txc->modes & ADJ_FREQUENCY) && (BITS_PER_LONG == 64)) { if (LLONG_MIN / PPM_SCALE > txc->freq) return -EINVAL; if (LLONG_MAX / PPM_SCALE < txc->freq) return -EINVAL; } return 0; } /** * do_adjtimex() - Accessor function to NTP __do_adjtimex function */ int do_adjtimex(struct __kernel_timex *txc) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; struct audit_ntp_data ad; unsigned long flags; struct timespec64 ts; s32 orig_tai, tai; int ret; /* Validate the data before disabling interrupts */ ret = timekeeping_validate_timex(txc); if (ret) return ret; if (txc->modes & ADJ_SETOFFSET) { struct timespec64 delta; delta.tv_sec = txc->time.tv_sec; delta.tv_nsec = txc->time.tv_usec; if (!(txc->modes & ADJ_NANO)) delta.tv_nsec *= 1000; ret = timekeeping_inject_offset(&delta); if (ret) return ret; audit_tk_injoffset(delta); } audit_ntp_init(&ad); ktime_get_real_ts64(&ts); raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&timekeeper_lock, flags); write_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); orig_tai = tai = tk->tai_offset; ret = __do_adjtimex(txc, &ts, &tai, &ad); if (tai != orig_tai) { __timekeeping_set_tai_offset(tk, tai); timekeeping_update(tk, TK_MIRROR | TK_CLOCK_WAS_SET); } tk_update_leap_state(tk); write_seqcount_end(&tk_core.seq); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&timekeeper_lock, flags); audit_ntp_log(&ad); /* Update the multiplier immediately if frequency was set directly */ if (txc->modes & (ADJ_FREQUENCY | ADJ_TICK)) timekeeping_advance(TK_ADV_FREQ); if (tai != orig_tai) clock_was_set(); ntp_notify_cmos_timer(); return ret; } #ifdef CONFIG_NTP_PPS /** * hardpps() - Accessor function to NTP __hardpps function */ void hardpps(const struct timespec64 *phase_ts, const struct timespec64 *raw_ts) { unsigned long flags; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&timekeeper_lock, flags); write_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); __hardpps(phase_ts, raw_ts); write_seqcount_end(&tk_core.seq); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&timekeeper_lock, flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(hardpps); #endif /* CONFIG_NTP_PPS */ /** * xtime_update() - advances the timekeeping infrastructure * @ticks: number of ticks, that have elapsed since the last call. * * Must be called with interrupts disabled. */ void xtime_update(unsigned long ticks) { raw_spin_lock(&jiffies_lock); write_seqcount_begin(&jiffies_seq); do_timer(ticks); write_seqcount_end(&jiffies_seq); raw_spin_unlock(&jiffies_lock); update_wall_time(); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_MIN_HEAP_H #define _LINUX_MIN_HEAP_H #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/types.h> /** * struct min_heap - Data structure to hold a min-heap. * @data: Start of array holding the heap elements. * @nr: Number of elements currently in the heap. * @size: Maximum number of elements that can be held in current storage. */ struct min_heap { void *data; int nr; int size; }; /** * struct min_heap_callbacks - Data/functions to customise the min_heap. * @elem_size: The nr of each element in bytes. * @less: Partial order function for this heap. * @swp: Swap elements function. */ struct min_heap_callbacks { int elem_size; bool (*less)(const void *lhs, const void *rhs); void (*swp)(void *lhs, void *rhs); }; /* Sift the element at pos down the heap. */ static __always_inline void min_heapify(struct min_heap *heap, int pos, const struct min_heap_callbacks *func) { void *left, *right, *parent, *smallest; void *data = heap->data; for (;;) { if (pos * 2 + 1 >= heap->nr) break; left = data + ((pos * 2 + 1) * func->elem_size); parent = data + (pos * func->elem_size); smallest = parent; if (func->less(left, smallest)) smallest = left; if (pos * 2 + 2 < heap->nr) { right = data + ((pos * 2 + 2) * func->elem_size); if (func->less(right, smallest)) smallest = right; } if (smallest == parent) break; func->swp(smallest, parent); if (smallest == left) pos = (pos * 2) + 1; else pos = (pos * 2) + 2; } } /* Floyd's approach to heapification that is O(nr). */ static __always_inline void min_heapify_all(struct min_heap *heap, const struct min_heap_callbacks *func) { int i; for (i = heap->nr / 2; i >= 0; i--) min_heapify(heap, i, func); } /* Remove minimum element from the heap, O(log2(nr)). */ static __always_inline void min_heap_pop(struct min_heap *heap, const struct min_heap_callbacks *func) { void *data = heap->data; if (WARN_ONCE(heap->nr <= 0, "Popping an empty heap")) return; /* Place last element at the root (position 0) and then sift down. */ heap->nr--; memcpy(data, data + (heap->nr * func->elem_size), func->elem_size); min_heapify(heap, 0, func); } /* * Remove the minimum element and then push the given element. The * implementation performs 1 sift (O(log2(nr))) and is therefore more * efficient than a pop followed by a push that does 2. */ static __always_inline void min_heap_pop_push(struct min_heap *heap, const void *element, const struct min_heap_callbacks *func) { memcpy(heap->data, element, func->elem_size); min_heapify(heap, 0, func); } /* Push an element on to the heap, O(log2(nr)). */ static __always_inline void min_heap_push(struct min_heap *heap, const void *element, const struct min_heap_callbacks *func) { void *data = heap->data; void *child, *parent; int pos; if (WARN_ONCE(heap->nr >= heap->size, "Pushing on a full heap")) return; /* Place at the end of data. */ pos = heap->nr; memcpy(data + (pos * func->elem_size), element, func->elem_size); heap->nr++; /* Sift child at pos up. */ for (; pos > 0; pos = (pos - 1) / 2) { child = data + (pos * func->elem_size); parent = data + ((pos - 1) / 2) * func->elem_size; if (func->less(parent, child)) break; func->swp(parent, child); } } #endif /* _LINUX_MIN_HEAP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_CPUTIME_H #define _LINUX_SCHED_CPUTIME_H #include <linux/sched/signal.h> /* * cputime accounting APIs: */ #ifdef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE #include <asm/cputime.h> #ifndef cputime_to_nsecs # define cputime_to_nsecs(__ct) \ (cputime_to_usecs(__ct) * NSEC_PER_USEC) #endif #endif /* CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE */ #ifdef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_GEN extern void task_cputime(struct task_struct *t, u64 *utime, u64 *stime); extern u64 task_gtime(struct task_struct *t); #else static inline void task_cputime(struct task_struct *t, u64 *utime, u64 *stime) { *utime = t->utime; *stime = t->stime; } static inline u64 task_gtime(struct task_struct *t) { return t->gtime; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SCALED_CPUTIME static inline void task_cputime_scaled(struct task_struct *t, u64 *utimescaled, u64 *stimescaled) { *utimescaled = t->utimescaled; *stimescaled = t->stimescaled; } #else static inline void task_cputime_scaled(struct task_struct *t, u64 *utimescaled, u64 *stimescaled) { task_cputime(t, utimescaled, stimescaled); } #endif extern void task_cputime_adjusted(struct task_struct *p, u64 *ut, u64 *st); extern void thread_group_cputime_adjusted(struct task_struct *p, u64 *ut, u64 *st); extern void cputime_adjust(struct task_cputime *curr, struct prev_cputime *prev, u64 *ut, u64 *st); /* * Thread group CPU time accounting. */ void thread_group_cputime(struct task_struct *tsk, struct task_cputime *times); void thread_group_sample_cputime(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 *samples); /* * The following are functions that support scheduler-internal time accounting. * These functions are generally called at the timer tick. None of this depends * on CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS. */ /** * get_running_cputimer - return &tsk->signal->cputimer if cputimers are active * * @tsk: Pointer to target task. */ #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS static inline struct thread_group_cputimer *get_running_cputimer(struct task_struct *tsk) { struct thread_group_cputimer *cputimer = &tsk->signal->cputimer; /* * Check whether posix CPU timers are active. If not the thread * group accounting is not active either. Lockless check. */ if (!READ_ONCE(tsk->signal->posix_cputimers.timers_active)) return NULL; /* * After we flush the task's sum_exec_runtime to sig->sum_sched_runtime * in __exit_signal(), we won't account to the signal struct further * cputime consumed by that task, even though the task can still be * ticking after __exit_signal(). * * In order to keep a consistent behaviour between thread group cputime * and thread group cputimer accounting, lets also ignore the cputime * elapsing after __exit_signal() in any thread group timer running. * * This makes sure that POSIX CPU clocks and timers are synchronized, so * that a POSIX CPU timer won't expire while the corresponding POSIX CPU * clock delta is behind the expiring timer value. */ if (unlikely(!tsk->sighand)) return NULL; return cputimer; } #else static inline struct thread_group_cputimer *get_running_cputimer(struct task_struct *tsk) { return NULL; } #endif /** * account_group_user_time - Maintain utime for a thread group. * * @tsk: Pointer to task structure. * @cputime: Time value by which to increment the utime field of the * thread_group_cputime structure. * * If thread group time is being maintained, get the structure for the * running CPU and update the utime field there. */ static inline void account_group_user_time(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 cputime) { struct thread_group_cputimer *cputimer = get_running_cputimer(tsk); if (!cputimer) return; atomic64_add(cputime, &cputimer->cputime_atomic.utime); } /** * account_group_system_time - Maintain stime for a thread group. * * @tsk: Pointer to task structure. * @cputime: Time value by which to increment the stime field of the * thread_group_cputime structure. * * If thread group time is being maintained, get the structure for the * running CPU and update the stime field there. */ static inline void account_group_system_time(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 cputime) { struct thread_group_cputimer *cputimer = get_running_cputimer(tsk); if (!cputimer) return; atomic64_add(cputime, &cputimer->cputime_atomic.stime); } /** * account_group_exec_runtime - Maintain exec runtime for a thread group. * * @tsk: Pointer to task structure. * @ns: Time value by which to increment the sum_exec_runtime field * of the thread_group_cputime structure. * * If thread group time is being maintained, get the structure for the * running CPU and update the sum_exec_runtime field there. */ static inline void account_group_exec_runtime(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long long ns) { struct thread_group_cputimer *cputimer = get_running_cputimer(tsk); if (!cputimer) return; atomic64_add(ns, &cputimer->cputime_atomic.sum_exec_runtime); } static inline void prev_cputime_init(struct prev_cputime *prev) { #ifndef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE prev->utime = prev->stime = 0; raw_spin_lock_init(&prev->lock); #endif } extern unsigned long long task_sched_runtime(struct task_struct *task); #endif /* _LINUX_SCHED_CPUTIME_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _IPV6_H #define _IPV6_H #include <uapi/linux/ipv6.h> #define ipv6_optlen(p) (((p)->hdrlen+1) << 3) #define ipv6_authlen(p) (((p)->hdrlen+2) << 2) /* * This structure contains configuration options per IPv6 link. */ struct ipv6_devconf { __s32 forwarding; __s32 hop_limit; __s32 mtu6; __s32 accept_ra; __s32 accept_redirects; __s32 autoconf; __s32 dad_transmits; __s32 rtr_solicits; __s32 rtr_solicit_interval; __s32 rtr_solicit_max_interval; __s32 rtr_solicit_delay; __s32 force_mld_version; __s32 mldv1_unsolicited_report_interval; __s32 mldv2_unsolicited_report_interval; __s32 use_tempaddr; __s32 temp_valid_lft; __s32 temp_prefered_lft; __s32 regen_max_retry; __s32 max_desync_factor; __s32 max_addresses; __s32 accept_ra_defrtr; __s32 accept_ra_min_hop_limit; __s32 accept_ra_pinfo; __s32 ignore_routes_with_linkdown; #ifdef CONFIG_IPV6_ROUTER_PREF __s32 accept_ra_rtr_pref; __s32 rtr_probe_interval; #ifdef CONFIG_IPV6_ROUTE_INFO __s32 accept_ra_rt_info_min_plen; __s32 accept_ra_rt_info_max_plen; #endif #endif __s32 proxy_ndp; __s32 accept_source_route; __s32 accept_ra_from_local; #ifdef CONFIG_IPV6_OPTIMISTIC_DAD __s32 optimistic_dad; __s32 use_optimistic; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_IPV6_MROUTE __s32 mc_forwarding; #endif __s32 disable_ipv6; __s32 drop_unicast_in_l2_multicast; __s32 accept_dad; __s32 force_tllao; __s32 ndisc_notify; __s32 suppress_frag_ndisc; __s32 accept_ra_mtu; __s32 drop_unsolicited_na; struct ipv6_stable_secret { bool initialized; struct in6_addr secret; } stable_secret; __s32 use_oif_addrs_only; __s32 keep_addr_on_down; __s32 seg6_enabled; #ifdef CONFIG_IPV6_SEG6_HMAC __s32 seg6_require_hmac; #endif __u32 enhanced_dad; __u32 addr_gen_mode; __s32 disable_policy; __s32 ndisc_tclass; __s32 rpl_seg_enabled; struct ctl_table_header *sysctl_header; }; struct ipv6_params { __s32 disable_ipv6; __s32 autoconf; }; extern struct ipv6_params ipv6_defaults; #include <linux/tcp.h> #include <linux/udp.h> #include <net/inet_sock.h> static inline struct ipv6hdr *ipv6_hdr(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct ipv6hdr *)skb_network_header(skb); } static inline struct ipv6hdr *inner_ipv6_hdr(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct ipv6hdr *)skb_inner_network_header(skb); } static inline struct ipv6hdr *ipipv6_hdr(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct ipv6hdr *)skb_transport_header(skb); } static inline unsigned int ipv6_transport_len(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return ntohs(ipv6_hdr(skb)->payload_len) + sizeof(struct ipv6hdr) - skb_network_header_len(skb); } /* This structure contains results of exthdrs parsing as offsets from skb->nh. */ struct inet6_skb_parm { int iif; __be16 ra; __u16 dst0; __u16 srcrt; __u16 dst1; __u16 lastopt; __u16 nhoff; __u16 flags; #if defined(CONFIG_IPV6_MIP6) || defined(CONFIG_IPV6_MIP6_MODULE) __u16 dsthao; #endif __u16 frag_max_size; #define IP6SKB_XFRM_TRANSFORMED 1 #define IP6SKB_FORWARDED 2 #define IP6SKB_REROUTED 4 #define IP6SKB_ROUTERALERT 8 #define IP6SKB_FRAGMENTED 16 #define IP6SKB_HOPBYHOP 32 #define IP6SKB_L3SLAVE 64 #define IP6SKB_JUMBOGRAM 128 }; #if defined(CONFIG_NET_L3_MASTER_DEV) static inline bool ipv6_l3mdev_skb(__u16 flags) { return flags & IP6SKB_L3SLAVE; } #else static inline bool ipv6_l3mdev_skb(__u16 flags) { return false; } #endif #define IP6CB(skb) ((struct inet6_skb_parm*)((skb)->cb)) #define IP6CBMTU(skb) ((struct ip6_mtuinfo *)((skb)->cb)) static inline int inet6_iif(const struct sk_buff *skb) { bool l3_slave = ipv6_l3mdev_skb(IP6CB(skb)->flags); return l3_slave ? skb->skb_iif : IP6CB(skb)->iif; } static inline bool inet6_is_jumbogram(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return !!(IP6CB(skb)->flags & IP6SKB_JUMBOGRAM); } /* can not be used in TCP layer after tcp_v6_fill_cb */ static inline int inet6_sdif(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_L3_MASTER_DEV) if (skb && ipv6_l3mdev_skb(IP6CB(skb)->flags)) return IP6CB(skb)->iif; #endif return 0; } struct tcp6_request_sock { struct tcp_request_sock tcp6rsk_tcp; }; struct ipv6_mc_socklist; struct ipv6_ac_socklist; struct ipv6_fl_socklist; struct inet6_cork { struct ipv6_txoptions *opt; u8 hop_limit; u8 tclass; }; /** * struct ipv6_pinfo - ipv6 private area * * In the struct sock hierarchy (tcp6_sock, upd6_sock, etc) * this _must_ be the last member, so that inet6_sk_generic * is able to calculate its offset from the base struct sock * by using the struct proto->slab_obj_size member. -acme */ struct ipv6_pinfo { struct in6_addr saddr; struct in6_pktinfo sticky_pktinfo; const struct in6_addr *daddr_cache; #ifdef CONFIG_IPV6_SUBTREES const struct in6_addr *saddr_cache; #endif __be32 flow_label; __u32 frag_size; /* * Packed in 16bits. * Omit one shift by putting the signed field at MSB. */ #if defined(__BIG_ENDIAN_BITFIELD) __s16 hop_limit:9; __u16 __unused_1:7; #else __u16 __unused_1:7; __s16 hop_limit:9; #endif #if defined(__BIG_ENDIAN_BITFIELD) /* Packed in 16bits. */ __s16 mcast_hops:9; __u16 __unused_2:6, mc_loop:1; #else __u16 mc_loop:1, __unused_2:6; __s16 mcast_hops:9; #endif int ucast_oif; int mcast_oif; /* pktoption flags */ union { struct { __u16 srcrt:1, osrcrt:1, rxinfo:1, rxoinfo:1, rxhlim:1, rxohlim:1, hopopts:1, ohopopts:1, dstopts:1, odstopts:1, rxflow:1, rxtclass:1, rxpmtu:1, rxorigdstaddr:1, recvfragsize:1; /* 1 bits hole */ } bits; __u16 all; } rxopt; /* sockopt flags */ __u16 recverr:1, sndflow:1, repflow:1, pmtudisc:3, padding:1, /* 1 bit hole */ srcprefs:3, /* 001: prefer temporary address * 010: prefer public address * 100: prefer care-of address */ dontfrag:1, autoflowlabel:1, autoflowlabel_set:1, mc_all:1, recverr_rfc4884:1, rtalert_isolate:1; __u8 min_hopcount; __u8 tclass; __be32 rcv_flowinfo; __u32 dst_cookie; __u32 rx_dst_cookie; struct ipv6_mc_socklist __rcu *ipv6_mc_list; struct ipv6_ac_socklist *ipv6_ac_list; struct ipv6_fl_socklist __rcu *ipv6_fl_list; struct ipv6_txoptions __rcu *opt; struct sk_buff *pktoptions; struct sk_buff *rxpmtu; struct inet6_cork cork; }; /* WARNING: don't change the layout of the members in {raw,udp,tcp}6_sock! */ struct raw6_sock { /* inet_sock has to be the first member of raw6_sock */ struct inet_sock inet; __u32 checksum; /* perform checksum */ __u32 offset; /* checksum offset */ struct icmp6_filter filter; __u32 ip6mr_table; /* ipv6_pinfo has to be the last member of raw6_sock, see inet6_sk_generic */ struct ipv6_pinfo inet6; }; struct udp6_sock { struct udp_sock udp; /* ipv6_pinfo has to be the last member of udp6_sock, see inet6_sk_generic */ struct ipv6_pinfo inet6; }; struct tcp6_sock { struct tcp_sock tcp; /* ipv6_pinfo has to be the last member of tcp6_sock, see inet6_sk_generic */ struct ipv6_pinfo inet6; }; extern int inet6_sk_rebuild_header(struct sock *sk); struct tcp6_timewait_sock { struct tcp_timewait_sock tcp6tw_tcp; }; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) bool ipv6_mod_enabled(void); static inline struct ipv6_pinfo *inet6_sk(const struct sock *__sk) { return sk_fullsock(__sk) ? inet_sk(__sk)->pinet6 : NULL; } static inline struct raw6_sock *raw6_sk(const struct sock *sk) { return (struct raw6_sock *)sk; } #define __ipv6_only_sock(sk) (sk->sk_ipv6only) #define ipv6_only_sock(sk) (__ipv6_only_sock(sk)) #define ipv6_sk_rxinfo(sk) ((sk)->sk_family == PF_INET6 && \ inet6_sk(sk)->rxopt.bits.rxinfo) static inline const struct in6_addr *inet6_rcv_saddr(const struct sock *sk) { if (sk->sk_family == AF_INET6) return &sk->sk_v6_rcv_saddr; return NULL; } static inline int inet_v6_ipv6only(const struct sock *sk) { /* ipv6only field is at same position for timewait and other sockets */ return ipv6_only_sock(sk); } #else #define __ipv6_only_sock(sk) 0 #define ipv6_only_sock(sk) 0 #define ipv6_sk_rxinfo(sk) 0 static inline bool ipv6_mod_enabled(void) { return false; } static inline struct ipv6_pinfo * inet6_sk(const struct sock *__sk) { return NULL; } static inline struct inet6_request_sock * inet6_rsk(const struct request_sock *rsk) { return NULL; } static inline struct raw6_sock *raw6_sk(const struct sock *sk) { return NULL; } #define inet6_rcv_saddr(__sk) NULL #define tcp_twsk_ipv6only(__sk) 0 #define inet_v6_ipv6only(__sk) 0 #endif /* IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) */ #endif /* _IPV6_H */
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SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_MM_H #define _LINUX_MM_H #include <linux/errno.h> #ifdef __KERNEL__ #include <linux/mmdebug.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/mmzone.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/debug_locks.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/mmap_lock.h> #include <linux/range.h> #include <linux/pfn.h> #include <linux/percpu-refcount.h> #include <linux/bit_spinlock.h> #include <linux/shrinker.h> #include <linux/resource.h> #include <linux/page_ext.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/page-flags.h> #include <linux/page_ref.h> #include <linux/memremap.h> #include <linux/overflow.h> #include <linux/sizes.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/pgtable.h> struct mempolicy; struct anon_vma; struct anon_vma_chain; struct file_ra_state; struct user_struct; struct writeback_control; struct bdi_writeback; struct pt_regs; extern int sysctl_page_lock_unfairness; void init_mm_internals(void); #ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES /* Don't use mapnrs, do it properly */ extern unsigned long max_mapnr; static inline void set_max_mapnr(unsigned long limit) { max_mapnr = limit; } #else static inline void set_max_mapnr(unsigned long limit) { } #endif extern atomic_long_t _totalram_pages; static inline unsigned long totalram_pages(void) { return (unsigned long)atomic_long_read(&_totalram_pages); } static inline void totalram_pages_inc(void) { atomic_long_inc(&_totalram_pages); } static inline void totalram_pages_dec(void) { atomic_long_dec(&_totalram_pages); } static inline void totalram_pages_add(long count) { atomic_long_add(count, &_totalram_pages); } extern void * high_memory; extern int page_cluster; #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL extern int sysctl_legacy_va_layout; #else #define sysctl_legacy_va_layout 0 #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_BITS extern const int mmap_rnd_bits_min; extern const int mmap_rnd_bits_max; extern int mmap_rnd_bits __read_mostly; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_COMPAT_BITS extern const int mmap_rnd_compat_bits_min; extern const int mmap_rnd_compat_bits_max; extern int mmap_rnd_compat_bits __read_mostly; #endif #include <asm/page.h> #include <asm/processor.h> /* * Architectures that support memory tagging (assigning tags to memory regions, * embedding these tags into addresses that point to these memory regions, and * checking that the memory and the pointer tags match on memory accesses) * redefine this macro to strip tags from pointers. * It's defined as noop for arcitectures that don't support memory tagging. */ #ifndef untagged_addr #define untagged_addr(addr) (addr) #endif #ifndef __pa_symbol #define __pa_symbol(x) __pa(RELOC_HIDE((unsigned long)(x), 0)) #endif #ifndef page_to_virt #define page_to_virt(x) __va(PFN_PHYS(page_to_pfn(x))) #endif #ifndef lm_alias #define lm_alias(x) __va(__pa_symbol(x)) #endif /* * To prevent common memory management code establishing * a zero page mapping on a read fault. * This macro should be defined within <asm/pgtable.h>. * s390 does this to prevent multiplexing of hardware bits * related to the physical page in case of virtualization. */ #ifndef mm_forbids_zeropage #define mm_forbids_zeropage(X) (0) #endif /* * On some architectures it is expensive to call memset() for small sizes. * If an architecture decides to implement their own version of * mm_zero_struct_page they should wrap the defines below in a #ifndef and * define their own version of this macro in <asm/pgtable.h> */ #if BITS_PER_LONG == 64 /* This function must be updated when the size of struct page grows above 80 * or reduces below 56. The idea that compiler optimizes out switch() * statement, and only leaves move/store instructions. Also the compiler can * combine write statments if they are both assignments and can be reordered, * this can result in several of the writes here being dropped. */ #define mm_zero_struct_page(pp) __mm_zero_struct_page(pp) static inline void __mm_zero_struct_page(struct page *page) { unsigned long *_pp = (void *)page; /* Check that struct page is either 56, 64, 72, or 80 bytes */ BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct page) & 7); BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct page) < 56); BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct page) > 80); switch (sizeof(struct page)) { case 80: _pp[9] = 0; fallthrough; case 72: _pp[8] = 0; fallthrough; case 64: _pp[7] = 0; fallthrough; case 56: _pp[6] = 0; _pp[5] = 0; _pp[4] = 0; _pp[3] = 0; _pp[2] = 0; _pp[1] = 0; _pp[0] = 0; } } #else #define mm_zero_struct_page(pp) ((void)memset((pp), 0, sizeof(struct page))) #endif /* * Default maximum number of active map areas, this limits the number of vmas * per mm struct. Users can overwrite this number by sysctl but there is a * problem. * * When a program's coredump is generated as ELF format, a section is created * per a vma. In ELF, the number of sections is represented in unsigned short. * This means the number of sections should be smaller than 65535 at coredump. * Because the kernel adds some informative sections to a image of program at * generating coredump, we need some margin. The number of extra sections is * 1-3 now and depends on arch. We use "5" as safe margin, here. * * ELF extended numbering allows more than 65535 sections, so 16-bit bound is * not a hard limit any more. Although some userspace tools can be surprised by * that. */ #define MAPCOUNT_ELF_CORE_MARGIN (5) #define DEFAULT_MAX_MAP_COUNT (USHRT_MAX - MAPCOUNT_ELF_CORE_MARGIN) extern int sysctl_max_map_count; extern unsigned long sysctl_user_reserve_kbytes; extern unsigned long sysctl_admin_reserve_kbytes; extern int sysctl_overcommit_memory; extern int sysctl_overcommit_ratio; extern unsigned long sysctl_overcommit_kbytes; int overcommit_ratio_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); int overcommit_kbytes_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); int overcommit_policy_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); #define nth_page(page,n) pfn_to_page(page_to_pfn((page)) + (n)) /* to align the pointer to the (next) page boundary */ #define PAGE_ALIGN(addr) ALIGN(addr, PAGE_SIZE) /* test whether an address (unsigned long or pointer) is aligned to PAGE_SIZE */ #define PAGE_ALIGNED(addr) IS_ALIGNED((unsigned long)(addr), PAGE_SIZE) #define lru_to_page(head) (list_entry((head)->prev, struct page, lru)) /* * Linux kernel virtual memory manager primitives. * The idea being to have a "virtual" mm in the same way * we have a virtual fs - giving a cleaner interface to the * mm details, and allowing different kinds of memory mappings * (from shared memory to executable loading to arbitrary * mmap() functions). */ struct vm_area_struct *vm_area_alloc(struct mm_struct *); struct vm_area_struct *vm_area_dup(struct vm_area_struct *); void vm_area_free(struct vm_area_struct *); #ifndef CONFIG_MMU extern struct rb_root nommu_region_tree; extern struct rw_semaphore nommu_region_sem; extern unsigned int kobjsize(const void *objp); #endif /* * vm_flags in vm_area_struct, see mm_types.h. * When changing, update also include/trace/events/mmflags.h */ #define VM_NONE 0x00000000 #define VM_READ 0x00000001 /* currently active flags */ #define VM_WRITE 0x00000002 #define VM_EXEC 0x00000004 #define VM_SHARED 0x00000008 /* mprotect() hardcodes VM_MAYREAD >> 4 == VM_READ, and so for r/w/x bits. */ #define VM_MAYREAD 0x00000010 /* limits for mprotect() etc */ #define VM_MAYWRITE 0x00000020 #define VM_MAYEXEC 0x00000040 #define VM_MAYSHARE 0x00000080 #define VM_GROWSDOWN 0x00000100 /* general info on the segment */ #define VM_UFFD_MISSING 0x00000200 /* missing pages tracking */ #define VM_PFNMAP 0x00000400 /* Page-ranges managed without "struct page", just pure PFN */ #define VM_DENYWRITE 0x00000800 /* ETXTBSY on write attempts.. */ #define VM_UFFD_WP 0x00001000 /* wrprotect pages tracking */ #define VM_LOCKED 0x00002000 #define VM_IO 0x00004000 /* Memory mapped I/O or similar */ /* Used by sys_madvise() */ #define VM_SEQ_READ 0x00008000 /* App will access data sequentially */ #define VM_RAND_READ 0x00010000 /* App will not benefit from clustered reads */ #define VM_DONTCOPY 0x00020000 /* Do not copy this vma on fork */ #define VM_DONTEXPAND 0x00040000 /* Cannot expand with mremap() */ #define VM_LOCKONFAULT 0x00080000 /* Lock the pages covered when they are faulted in */ #define VM_ACCOUNT 0x00100000 /* Is a VM accounted object */ #define VM_NORESERVE 0x00200000 /* should the VM suppress accounting */ #define VM_HUGETLB 0x00400000 /* Huge TLB Page VM */ #define VM_SYNC 0x00800000 /* Synchronous page faults */ #define VM_ARCH_1 0x01000000 /* Architecture-specific flag */ #define VM_WIPEONFORK 0x02000000 /* Wipe VMA contents in child. */ #define VM_DONTDUMP 0x04000000 /* Do not include in the core dump */ #ifdef CONFIG_MEM_SOFT_DIRTY # define VM_SOFTDIRTY 0x08000000 /* Not soft dirty clean area */ #else # define VM_SOFTDIRTY 0 #endif #define VM_MIXEDMAP 0x10000000 /* Can contain "struct page" and pure PFN pages */ #define VM_HUGEPAGE 0x20000000 /* MADV_HUGEPAGE marked this vma */ #define VM_NOHUGEPAGE 0x40000000 /* MADV_NOHUGEPAGE marked this vma */ #define VM_MERGEABLE 0x80000000 /* KSM may merge identical pages */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_USES_HIGH_VMA_FLAGS #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_0 32 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_1 33 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_2 34 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_3 35 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_4 36 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_0 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_0) #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_1 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_1) #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_2 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_2) #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_3 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_3) #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_4 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_4) #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_USES_HIGH_VMA_FLAGS */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PKEYS # define VM_PKEY_SHIFT VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_0 # define VM_PKEY_BIT0 VM_HIGH_ARCH_0 /* A protection key is a 4-bit value */ # define VM_PKEY_BIT1 VM_HIGH_ARCH_1 /* on x86 and 5-bit value on ppc64 */ # define VM_PKEY_BIT2 VM_HIGH_ARCH_2 # define VM_PKEY_BIT3 VM_HIGH_ARCH_3 #ifdef CONFIG_PPC # define VM_PKEY_BIT4 VM_HIGH_ARCH_4 #else # define VM_PKEY_BIT4 0 #endif #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PKEYS */ #if defined(CONFIG_X86) # define VM_PAT VM_ARCH_1 /* PAT reserves whole VMA at once (x86) */ #elif defined(CONFIG_PPC) # define VM_SAO VM_ARCH_1 /* Strong Access Ordering (powerpc) */ #elif defined(CONFIG_PARISC) # define VM_GROWSUP VM_ARCH_1 #elif defined(CONFIG_IA64) # define VM_GROWSUP VM_ARCH_1 #elif defined(CONFIG_SPARC64) # define VM_SPARC_ADI VM_ARCH_1 /* Uses ADI tag for access control */ # define VM_ARCH_CLEAR VM_SPARC_ADI #elif defined(CONFIG_ARM64) # define VM_ARM64_BTI VM_ARCH_1 /* BTI guarded page, a.k.a. GP bit */ # define VM_ARCH_CLEAR VM_ARM64_BTI #elif !defined(CONFIG_MMU) # define VM_MAPPED_COPY VM_ARCH_1 /* T if mapped copy of data (nommu mmap) */ #endif #if defined(CONFIG_ARM64_MTE) # define VM_MTE VM_HIGH_ARCH_0 /* Use Tagged memory for access control */ # define VM_MTE_ALLOWED VM_HIGH_ARCH_1 /* Tagged memory permitted */ #else # define VM_MTE VM_NONE # define VM_MTE_ALLOWED VM_NONE #endif #ifndef VM_GROWSUP # define VM_GROWSUP VM_NONE #endif /* Bits set in the VMA until the stack is in its final location */ #define VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP (VM_RAND_READ | VM_SEQ_READ) #define TASK_EXEC ((current->personality & READ_IMPLIES_EXEC) ? VM_EXEC : 0) /* Common data flag combinations */ #define VM_DATA_FLAGS_TSK_EXEC (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | TASK_EXEC | \ VM_MAYREAD | VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC) #define VM_DATA_FLAGS_NON_EXEC (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | VM_MAYREAD | \ VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC) #define VM_DATA_FLAGS_EXEC (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | VM_EXEC | \ VM_MAYREAD | VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC) #ifndef VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS /* arch can override this */ #define VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS VM_DATA_FLAGS_EXEC #endif #ifndef VM_STACK_DEFAULT_FLAGS /* arch can override this */ #define VM_STACK_DEFAULT_FLAGS VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS #endif #ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP #define VM_STACK VM_GROWSUP #else #define VM_STACK VM_GROWSDOWN #endif #define VM_STACK_FLAGS (VM_STACK | VM_STACK_DEFAULT_FLAGS | VM_ACCOUNT) /* VMA basic access permission flags */ #define VM_ACCESS_FLAGS (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | VM_EXEC) /* * Special vmas that are non-mergable, non-mlock()able. */ #define VM_SPECIAL (VM_IO | VM_DONTEXPAND | VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP) /* This mask prevents VMA from being scanned with khugepaged */ #define VM_NO_KHUGEPAGED (VM_SPECIAL | VM_HUGETLB) /* This mask defines which mm->def_flags a process can inherit its parent */ #define VM_INIT_DEF_MASK VM_NOHUGEPAGE /* This mask is used to clear all the VMA flags used by mlock */ #define VM_LOCKED_CLEAR_MASK (~(VM_LOCKED | VM_LOCKONFAULT)) /* Arch-specific flags to clear when updating VM flags on protection change */ #ifndef VM_ARCH_CLEAR # define VM_ARCH_CLEAR VM_NONE #endif #define VM_FLAGS_CLEAR (ARCH_VM_PKEY_FLAGS | VM_ARCH_CLEAR) /* * mapping from the currently active vm_flags protection bits (the * low four bits) to a page protection mask.. */ extern pgprot_t protection_map[16]; /** * Fault flag definitions. * * @FAULT_FLAG_WRITE: Fault was a write fault. * @FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE: Fault was mkwrite of existing PTE. * @FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY: Allow to retry the fault if blocked. * @FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT: Don't drop mmap_lock and wait when retrying. * @FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE: The fault task is in SIGKILL killable region. * @FAULT_FLAG_TRIED: The fault has been tried once. * @FAULT_FLAG_USER: The fault originated in userspace. * @FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE: The fault is not for current task/mm. * @FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION: The fault was during an instruction fetch. * @FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE: The fault can be interrupted by non-fatal signals. * * About @FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY and @FAULT_FLAG_TRIED: we can specify * whether we would allow page faults to retry by specifying these two * fault flags correctly. Currently there can be three legal combinations: * * (a) ALLOW_RETRY and !TRIED: this means the page fault allows retry, and * this is the first try * * (b) ALLOW_RETRY and TRIED: this means the page fault allows retry, and * we've already tried at least once * * (c) !ALLOW_RETRY and !TRIED: this means the page fault does not allow retry * * The unlisted combination (!ALLOW_RETRY && TRIED) is illegal and should never * be used. Note that page faults can be allowed to retry for multiple times, * in which case we'll have an initial fault with flags (a) then later on * continuous faults with flags (b). We should always try to detect pending * signals before a retry to make sure the continuous page faults can still be * interrupted if necessary. */ #define FAULT_FLAG_WRITE 0x01 #define FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE 0x02 #define FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY 0x04 #define FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT 0x08 #define FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE 0x10 #define FAULT_FLAG_TRIED 0x20 #define FAULT_FLAG_USER 0x40 #define FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE 0x80 #define FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION 0x100 #define FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE 0x200 /* * The default fault flags that should be used by most of the * arch-specific page fault handlers. */ #define FAULT_FLAG_DEFAULT (FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY | \ FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE | \ FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE) /** * fault_flag_allow_retry_first - check ALLOW_RETRY the first time * * This is mostly used for places where we want to try to avoid taking * the mmap_lock for too long a time when waiting for another condition * to change, in which case we can try to be polite to release the * mmap_lock in the first round to avoid potential starvation of other * processes that would also want the mmap_lock. * * Return: true if the page fault allows retry and this is the first * attempt of the fault handling; false otherwise. */ static inline bool fault_flag_allow_retry_first(unsigned int flags) { return (flags & FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY) && (!(flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED)); } #define FAULT_FLAG_TRACE \ { FAULT_FLAG_WRITE, "WRITE" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE, "MKWRITE" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY, "ALLOW_RETRY" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT, "RETRY_NOWAIT" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE, "KILLABLE" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_TRIED, "TRIED" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_USER, "USER" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE, "REMOTE" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION, "INSTRUCTION" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE, "INTERRUPTIBLE" } /* * vm_fault is filled by the pagefault handler and passed to the vma's * ->fault function. The vma's ->fault is responsible for returning a bitmask * of VM_FAULT_xxx flags that give details about how the fault was handled. * * MM layer fills up gfp_mask for page allocations but fault handler might * alter it if its implementation requires a different allocation context. * * pgoff should be used in favour of virtual_address, if possible. */ struct vm_fault { struct vm_area_struct *vma; /* Target VMA */ unsigned int flags; /* FAULT_FLAG_xxx flags */ gfp_t gfp_mask; /* gfp mask to be used for allocations */ pgoff_t pgoff; /* Logical page offset based on vma */ unsigned long address; /* Faulting virtual address */ pmd_t *pmd; /* Pointer to pmd entry matching * the 'address' */ pud_t *pud; /* Pointer to pud entry matching * the 'address' */ pte_t orig_pte; /* Value of PTE at the time of fault */ struct page *cow_page; /* Page handler may use for COW fault */ struct page *page; /* ->fault handlers should return a * page here, unless VM_FAULT_NOPAGE * is set (which is also implied by * VM_FAULT_ERROR). */ /* These three entries are valid only while holding ptl lock */ pte_t *pte; /* Pointer to pte entry matching * the 'address'. NULL if the page * table hasn't been allocated. */ spinlock_t *ptl; /* Page table lock. * Protects pte page table if 'pte' * is not NULL, otherwise pmd. */ pgtable_t prealloc_pte; /* Pre-allocated pte page table. * vm_ops->map_pages() calls * alloc_set_pte() from atomic context. * do_fault_around() pre-allocates * page table to avoid allocation from * atomic context. */ }; /* page entry size for vm->huge_fault() */ enum page_entry_size { PE_SIZE_PTE = 0, PE_SIZE_PMD, PE_SIZE_PUD, }; /* * These are the virtual MM functions - opening of an area, closing and * unmapping it (needed to keep files on disk up-to-date etc), pointer * to the functions called when a no-page or a wp-page exception occurs. */ struct vm_operations_struct { void (*open)(struct vm_area_struct * area); void (*close)(struct vm_area_struct * area); int (*split)(struct vm_area_struct * area, unsigned long addr); int (*mremap)(struct vm_area_struct * area); vm_fault_t (*fault)(struct vm_fault *vmf); vm_fault_t (*huge_fault)(struct vm_fault *vmf, enum page_entry_size pe_size); void (*map_pages)(struct vm_fault *vmf, pgoff_t start_pgoff, pgoff_t end_pgoff); unsigned long (*pagesize)(struct vm_area_struct * area); /* notification that a previously read-only page is about to become * writable, if an error is returned it will cause a SIGBUS */ vm_fault_t (*page_mkwrite)(struct vm_fault *vmf); /* same as page_mkwrite when using VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP */ vm_fault_t (*pfn_mkwrite)(struct vm_fault *vmf); /* called by access_process_vm when get_user_pages() fails, typically * for use by special VMAs that can switch between memory and hardware */ int (*access)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, int write); /* Called by the /proc/PID/maps code to ask the vma whether it * has a special name. Returning non-NULL will also cause this * vma to be dumped unconditionally. */ const char *(*name)(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA /* * set_policy() op must add a reference to any non-NULL @new mempolicy * to hold the policy upon return. Caller should pass NULL @new to * remove a policy and fall back to surrounding context--i.e. do not * install a MPOL_DEFAULT policy, nor the task or system default * mempolicy. */ int (*set_policy)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mempolicy *new); /* * get_policy() op must add reference [mpol_get()] to any policy at * (vma,addr) marked as MPOL_SHARED. The shared policy infrastructure * in mm/mempolicy.c will do this automatically. * get_policy() must NOT add a ref if the policy at (vma,addr) is not * marked as MPOL_SHARED. vma policies are protected by the mmap_lock. * If no [shared/vma] mempolicy exists at the addr, get_policy() op * must return NULL--i.e., do not "fallback" to task or system default * policy. */ struct mempolicy *(*get_policy)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr); #endif /* * Called by vm_normal_page() for special PTEs to find the * page for @addr. This is useful if the default behavior * (using pte_page()) would not find the correct page. */ struct page *(*find_special_page)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr); }; static inline void vma_init(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mm_struct *mm) { static const struct vm_operations_struct dummy_vm_ops = {}; memset(vma, 0, sizeof(*vma)); vma->vm_mm = mm; vma->vm_ops = &dummy_vm_ops; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&vma->anon_vma_chain); } static inline void vma_set_anonymous(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { vma->vm_ops = NULL; } static inline bool vma_is_anonymous(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return !vma->vm_ops; } static inline bool vma_is_temporary_stack(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { int maybe_stack = vma->vm_flags & (VM_GROWSDOWN | VM_GROWSUP); if (!maybe_stack) return false; if ((vma->vm_flags & VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP) == VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP) return true; return false; } static inline bool vma_is_foreign(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (!current->mm) return true; if (current->mm != vma->vm_mm) return true; return false; } static inline bool vma_is_accessible(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return vma->vm_flags & VM_ACCESS_FLAGS; } #ifdef CONFIG_SHMEM /* * The vma_is_shmem is not inline because it is used only by slow * paths in userfault. */ bool vma_is_shmem(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #else static inline bool vma_is_shmem(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return false; } #endif int vma_is_stack_for_current(struct vm_area_struct *vma); /* flush_tlb_range() takes a vma, not a mm, and can care about flags */ #define TLB_FLUSH_VMA(mm,flags) { .vm_mm = (mm), .vm_flags = (flags) } struct mmu_gather; struct inode; #include <linux/huge_mm.h> /* * Methods to modify the page usage count. * * What counts for a page usage: * - cache mapping (page->mapping) * - private data (page->private) * - page mapped in a task's page tables, each mapping * is counted separately * * Also, many kernel routines increase the page count before a critical * routine so they can be sure the page doesn't go away from under them. */ /* * Drop a ref, return true if the refcount fell to zero (the page has no users) */ static inline int put_page_testzero(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_ref_count(page) == 0, page); return page_ref_dec_and_test(page); } /* * Try to grab a ref unless the page has a refcount of zero, return false if * that is the case. * This can be called when MMU is off so it must not access * any of the virtual mappings. */ static inline int get_page_unless_zero(struct page *page) { return page_ref_add_unless(page, 1, 0); } extern int page_is_ram(unsigned long pfn); enum { REGION_INTERSECTS, REGION_DISJOINT, REGION_MIXED, }; int region_intersects(resource_size_t offset, size_t size, unsigned long flags, unsigned long desc); /* Support for virtually mapped pages */ struct page *vmalloc_to_page(const void *addr); unsigned long vmalloc_to_pfn(const void *addr); /* * Determine if an address is within the vmalloc range * * On nommu, vmalloc/vfree wrap through kmalloc/kfree directly, so there * is no special casing required. */ #ifndef is_ioremap_addr #define is_ioremap_addr(x) is_vmalloc_addr(x) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern bool is_vmalloc_addr(const void *x); extern int is_vmalloc_or_module_addr(const void *x); #else static inline bool is_vmalloc_addr(const void *x) { return false; } static inline int is_vmalloc_or_module_addr(const void *x) { return 0; } #endif extern void *kvmalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node); static inline void *kvmalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return kvmalloc_node(size, flags, NUMA_NO_NODE); } static inline void *kvzalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node) { return kvmalloc_node(size, flags | __GFP_ZERO, node); } static inline void *kvzalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return kvmalloc(size, flags | __GFP_ZERO); } static inline void *kvmalloc_array(size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags) { size_t bytes; if (unlikely(check_mul_overflow(n, size, &bytes))) return NULL; return kvmalloc(bytes, flags); } static inline void *kvcalloc(size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return kvmalloc_array(n, size, flags | __GFP_ZERO); } extern void kvfree(const void *addr); extern void kvfree_sensitive(const void *addr, size_t len); static inline int head_compound_mapcount(struct page *head) { return atomic_read(compound_mapcount_ptr(head)) + 1; } /* * Mapcount of compound page as a whole, does not include mapped sub-pages. * * Must be called only for compound pages or any their tail sub-pages. */ static inline int compound_mapcount(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageCompound(page), page); page = compound_head(page); return head_compound_mapcount(page); } /* * The atomic page->_mapcount, starts from -1: so that transitions * both from it and to it can be tracked, using atomic_inc_and_test * and atomic_add_negative(-1). */ static inline void page_mapcount_reset(struct page *page) { atomic_set(&(page)->_mapcount, -1); } int __page_mapcount(struct page *page); /* * Mapcount of 0-order page; when compound sub-page, includes * compound_mapcount(). * * Result is undefined for pages which cannot be mapped into userspace. * For example SLAB or special types of pages. See function page_has_type(). * They use this place in struct page differently. */ static inline int page_mapcount(struct page *page) { if (unlikely(PageCompound(page))) return __page_mapcount(page); return atomic_read(&page->_mapcount) + 1; } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE int total_mapcount(struct page *page); int page_trans_huge_mapcount(struct page *page, int *total_mapcount); #else static inline int total_mapcount(struct page *page) { return page_mapcount(page); } static inline int page_trans_huge_mapcount(struct page *page, int *total_mapcount) { int mapcount = page_mapcount(page); if (total_mapcount) *total_mapcount = mapcount; return mapcount; } #endif static inline struct page *virt_to_head_page(const void *x) { struct page *page = virt_to_page(x); return compound_head(page); } void __put_page(struct page *page); void put_pages_list(struct list_head *pages); void split_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order); /* * Compound pages have a destructor function. Provide a * prototype for that function and accessor functions. * These are _only_ valid on the head of a compound page. */ typedef void compound_page_dtor(struct page *); /* Keep the enum in sync with compound_page_dtors array in mm/page_alloc.c */ enum compound_dtor_id { NULL_COMPOUND_DTOR, COMPOUND_PAGE_DTOR, #ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE HUGETLB_PAGE_DTOR, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE TRANSHUGE_PAGE_DTOR, #endif NR_COMPOUND_DTORS, }; extern compound_page_dtor * const compound_page_dtors[NR_COMPOUND_DTORS]; static inline void set_compound_page_dtor(struct page *page, enum compound_dtor_id compound_dtor) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(compound_dtor >= NR_COMPOUND_DTORS, page); page[1].compound_dtor = compound_dtor; } static inline void destroy_compound_page(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page[1].compound_dtor >= NR_COMPOUND_DTORS, page); compound_page_dtors[page[1].compound_dtor](page); } static inline unsigned int compound_order(struct page *page) { if (!PageHead(page)) return 0; return page[1].compound_order; } static inline bool hpage_pincount_available(struct page *page) { /* * Can the page->hpage_pinned_refcount field be used? That field is in * the 3rd page of the compound page, so the smallest (2-page) compound * pages cannot support it. */ page = compound_head(page); return PageCompound(page) && compound_order(page) > 1; } static inline int head_compound_pincount(struct page *head) { return atomic_read(compound_pincount_ptr(head)); } static inline int compound_pincount(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!hpage_pincount_available(page), page); page = compound_head(page); return head_compound_pincount(page); } static inline void set_compound_order(struct page *page, unsigned int order) { page[1].compound_order = order; page[1].compound_nr = 1U << order; } /* Returns the number of pages in this potentially compound page. */ static inline unsigned long compound_nr(struct page *page) { if (!PageHead(page)) return 1; return page[1].compound_nr; } /* Returns the number of bytes in this potentially compound page. */ static inline unsigned long page_size(struct page *page) { return PAGE_SIZE << compound_order(page); } /* Returns the number of bits needed for the number of bytes in a page */ static inline unsigned int page_shift(struct page *page) { return PAGE_SHIFT + compound_order(page); } void free_compound_page(struct page *page); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU /* * Do pte_mkwrite, but only if the vma says VM_WRITE. We do this when * servicing faults for write access. In the normal case, do always want * pte_mkwrite. But get_user_pages can cause write faults for mappings * that do not have writing enabled, when used by access_process_vm. */ static inline pte_t maybe_mkwrite(pte_t pte, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (likely(vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE)) pte = pte_mkwrite(pte); return pte; } vm_fault_t alloc_set_pte(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page); vm_fault_t finish_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf); vm_fault_t finish_mkwrite_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf); #endif /* * Multiple processes may "see" the same page. E.g. for untouched * mappings of /dev/null, all processes see the same page full of * zeroes, and text pages of executables and shared libraries have * only one copy in memory, at most, normally. * * For the non-reserved pages, page_count(page) denotes a reference count. * page_count() == 0 means the page is free. page->lru is then used for * freelist management in the buddy allocator. * page_count() > 0 means the page has been allocated. * * Pages are allocated by the slab allocator in order to provide memory * to kmalloc and kmem_cache_alloc. In this case, the management of the * page, and the fields in 'struct page' are the responsibility of mm/slab.c * unless a particular usage is carefully commented. (the responsibility of * freeing the kmalloc memory is the caller's, of course). * * A page may be used by anyone else who does a __get_free_page(). * In this case, page_count still tracks the references, and should only * be used through the normal accessor functions. The top bits of page->flags * and page->virtual store page management information, but all other fields * are unused and could be used privately, carefully. The management of this * page is the responsibility of the one who allocated it, and those who have * subsequently been given references to it. * * The other pages (we may call them "pagecache pages") are completely * managed by the Linux memory manager: I/O, buffers, swapping etc. * The following discussion applies only to them. * * A pagecache page contains an opaque `private' member, which belongs to the * page's address_space. Usually, this is the address of a circular list of * the page's disk buffers. PG_private must be set to tell the VM to call * into the filesystem to release these pages. * * A page may belong to an inode's memory mapping. In this case, page->mapping * is the pointer to the inode, and page->index is the file offset of the page, * in units of PAGE_SIZE. * * If pagecache pages are not associated with an inode, they are said to be * anonymous pages. These may become associated with the swapcache, and in that * case PG_swapcache is set, and page->private is an offset into the swapcache. * * In either case (swapcache or inode backed), the pagecache itself holds one * reference to the page. Setting PG_private should also increment the * refcount. The each user mapping also has a reference to the page. * * The pagecache pages are stored in a per-mapping radix tree, which is * rooted at mapping->i_pages, and indexed by offset. * Where 2.4 and early 2.6 kernels kept dirty/clean pages in per-address_space * lists, we instead now tag pages as dirty/writeback in the radix tree. * * All pagecache pages may be subject to I/O: * - inode pages may need to be read from disk, * - inode pages which have been modified and are MAP_SHARED may need * to be written back to the inode on disk, * - anonymous pages (including MAP_PRIVATE file mappings) which have been * modified may need to be swapped out to swap space and (later) to be read * back into memory. */ /* * The zone field is never updated after free_area_init_core() * sets it, so none of the operations on it need to be atomic. */ /* Page flags: | [SECTION] | [NODE] | ZONE | [LAST_CPUPID] | ... | FLAGS | */ #define SECTIONS_PGOFF ((sizeof(unsigned long)*8) - SECTIONS_WIDTH) #define NODES_PGOFF (SECTIONS_PGOFF - NODES_WIDTH) #define ZONES_PGOFF (NODES_PGOFF - ZONES_WIDTH) #define LAST_CPUPID_PGOFF (ZONES_PGOFF - LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH) #define KASAN_TAG_PGOFF (LAST_CPUPID_PGOFF - KASAN_TAG_WIDTH) /* * Define the bit shifts to access each section. For non-existent * sections we define the shift as 0; that plus a 0 mask ensures * the compiler will optimise away reference to them. */ #define SECTIONS_PGSHIFT (SECTIONS_PGOFF * (SECTIONS_WIDTH != 0)) #define NODES_PGSHIFT (NODES_PGOFF * (NODES_WIDTH != 0)) #define ZONES_PGSHIFT (ZONES_PGOFF * (ZONES_WIDTH != 0)) #define LAST_CPUPID_PGSHIFT (LAST_CPUPID_PGOFF * (LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH != 0)) #define KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT (KASAN_TAG_PGOFF * (KASAN_TAG_WIDTH != 0)) /* NODE:ZONE or SECTION:ZONE is used to ID a zone for the buddy allocator */ #ifdef NODE_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS #define ZONEID_SHIFT (SECTIONS_SHIFT + ZONES_SHIFT) #define ZONEID_PGOFF ((SECTIONS_PGOFF < ZONES_PGOFF)? \ SECTIONS_PGOFF : ZONES_PGOFF) #else #define ZONEID_SHIFT (NODES_SHIFT + ZONES_SHIFT) #define ZONEID_PGOFF ((NODES_PGOFF < ZONES_PGOFF)? \ NODES_PGOFF : ZONES_PGOFF) #endif #define ZONEID_PGSHIFT (ZONEID_PGOFF * (ZONEID_SHIFT != 0)) #define ZONES_MASK ((1UL << ZONES_WIDTH) - 1) #define NODES_MASK ((1UL << NODES_WIDTH) - 1) #define SECTIONS_MASK ((1UL << SECTIONS_WIDTH) - 1) #define LAST_CPUPID_MASK ((1UL << LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT) - 1) #define KASAN_TAG_MASK ((1UL << KASAN_TAG_WIDTH) - 1) #define ZONEID_MASK ((1UL << ZONEID_SHIFT) - 1) static inline enum zone_type page_zonenum(const struct page *page) { ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_BITS(page->flags, ZONES_MASK << ZONES_PGSHIFT); return (page->flags >> ZONES_PGSHIFT) & ZONES_MASK; } #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE static inline bool is_zone_device_page(const struct page *page) { return page_zonenum(page) == ZONE_DEVICE; } extern void memmap_init_zone_device(struct zone *, unsigned long, unsigned long, struct dev_pagemap *); #else static inline bool is_zone_device_page(const struct page *page) { return false; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS void free_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page); DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(devmap_managed_key); static inline bool page_is_devmap_managed(struct page *page) { if (!static_branch_unlikely(&devmap_managed_key)) return false; if (!is_zone_device_page(page)) return false; switch (page->pgmap->type) { case MEMORY_DEVICE_PRIVATE: case MEMORY_DEVICE_FS_DAX: return true; default: break; } return false; } void put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page); #else /* CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS */ static inline bool page_is_devmap_managed(struct page *page) { return false; } static inline void put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page) { } #endif /* CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS */ static inline bool is_device_private_page(const struct page *page) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS) && IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEVICE_PRIVATE) && is_zone_device_page(page) && page->pgmap->type == MEMORY_DEVICE_PRIVATE; } static inline bool is_pci_p2pdma_page(const struct page *page) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS) && IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PCI_P2PDMA) && is_zone_device_page(page) && page->pgmap->type == MEMORY_DEVICE_PCI_P2PDMA; } /* 127: arbitrary random number, small enough to assemble well */ #define page_ref_zero_or_close_to_overflow(page) \ ((unsigned int) page_ref_count(page) + 127u <= 127u) static inline void get_page(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); /* * Getting a normal page or the head of a compound page * requires to already have an elevated page->_refcount. */ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_ref_zero_or_close_to_overflow(page), page); page_ref_inc(page); } bool __must_check try_grab_page(struct page *page, unsigned int flags); static inline __must_check bool try_get_page(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(page_ref_count(page) <= 0)) return false; page_ref_inc(page); return true; } static inline void put_page(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); /* * For devmap managed pages we need to catch refcount transition from * 2 to 1, when refcount reach one it means the page is free and we * need to inform the device driver through callback. See * include/linux/memremap.h and HMM for details. */ if (page_is_devmap_managed(page)) { put_devmap_managed_page(page); return; } if (put_page_testzero(page)) __put_page(page); } /* * GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS, and the associated functions that use it, overload * the page's refcount so that two separate items are tracked: the original page * reference count, and also a new count of how many pin_user_pages() calls were * made against the page. ("gup-pinned" is another term for the latter). * * With this scheme, pin_user_pages() becomes special: such pages are marked as * distinct from normal pages. As such, the unpin_user_page() call (and its * variants) must be used in order to release gup-pinned pages. * * Choice of value: * * By making GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS a power of two, debugging of page reference * counts with respect to pin_user_pages() and unpin_user_page() becomes * simpler, due to the fact that adding an even power of two to the page * refcount has the effect of using only the upper N bits, for the code that * counts up using the bias value. This means that the lower bits are left for * the exclusive use of the original code that increments and decrements by one * (or at least, by much smaller values than the bias value). * * Of course, once the lower bits overflow into the upper bits (and this is * OK, because subtraction recovers the original values), then visual inspection * no longer suffices to directly view the separate counts. However, for normal * applications that don't have huge page reference counts, this won't be an * issue. * * Locking: the lockless algorithm described in page_cache_get_speculative() * and page_cache_gup_pin_speculative() provides safe operation for * get_user_pages and page_mkclean and other calls that race to set up page * table entries. */ #define GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS (1U << 10) void unpin_user_page(struct page *page); void unpin_user_pages_dirty_lock(struct page **pages, unsigned long npages, bool make_dirty); void unpin_user_pages(struct page **pages, unsigned long npages); /** * page_maybe_dma_pinned() - report if a page is pinned for DMA. * * This function checks if a page has been pinned via a call to * pin_user_pages*(). * * For non-huge pages, the return value is partially fuzzy: false is not fuzzy, * because it means "definitely not pinned for DMA", but true means "probably * pinned for DMA, but possibly a false positive due to having at least * GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS worth of normal page references". * * False positives are OK, because: a) it's unlikely for a page to get that many * refcounts, and b) all the callers of this routine are expected to be able to * deal gracefully with a false positive. * * For huge pages, the result will be exactly correct. That's because we have * more tracking data available: the 3rd struct page in the compound page is * used to track the pincount (instead using of the GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS * scheme). * * For more information, please see Documentation/core-api/pin_user_pages.rst. * * @page: pointer to page to be queried. * @Return: True, if it is likely that the page has been "dma-pinned". * False, if the page is definitely not dma-pinned. */ static inline bool page_maybe_dma_pinned(struct page *page) { if (hpage_pincount_available(page)) return compound_pincount(page) > 0; /* * page_ref_count() is signed. If that refcount overflows, then * page_ref_count() returns a negative value, and callers will avoid * further incrementing the refcount. * * Here, for that overflow case, use the signed bit to count a little * bit higher via unsigned math, and thus still get an accurate result. */ return ((unsigned int)page_ref_count(compound_head(page))) >= GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS; } #if defined(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM) && !defined(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP) #define SECTION_IN_PAGE_FLAGS #endif /* * The identification function is mainly used by the buddy allocator for * determining if two pages could be buddies. We are not really identifying * the zone since we could be using the section number id if we do not have * node id available in page flags. * We only guarantee that it will return the same value for two combinable * pages in a zone. */ static inline int page_zone_id(struct page *page) { return (page->flags >> ZONEID_PGSHIFT) & ZONEID_MASK; } #ifdef NODE_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS extern int page_to_nid(const struct page *page); #else static inline int page_to_nid(const struct page *page) { struct page *p = (struct page *)page; return (PF_POISONED_CHECK(p)->flags >> NODES_PGSHIFT) & NODES_MASK; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING static inline int cpu_pid_to_cpupid(int cpu, int pid) { return ((cpu & LAST__CPU_MASK) << LAST__PID_SHIFT) | (pid & LAST__PID_MASK); } static inline int cpupid_to_pid(int cpupid) { return cpupid & LAST__PID_MASK; } static inline int cpupid_to_cpu(int cpupid) { return (cpupid >> LAST__PID_SHIFT) & LAST__CPU_MASK; } static inline int cpupid_to_nid(int cpupid) { return cpu_to_node(cpupid_to_cpu(cpupid)); } static inline bool cpupid_pid_unset(int cpupid) { return cpupid_to_pid(cpupid) == (-1 & LAST__PID_MASK); } static inline bool cpupid_cpu_unset(int cpupid) { return cpupid_to_cpu(cpupid) == (-1 & LAST__CPU_MASK); } static inline bool __cpupid_match_pid(pid_t task_pid, int cpupid) { return (task_pid & LAST__PID_MASK) == cpupid_to_pid(cpupid); } #define cpupid_match_pid(task, cpupid) __cpupid_match_pid(task->pid, cpupid) #ifdef LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS static inline int page_cpupid_xchg_last(struct page *page, int cpupid) { return xchg(&page->_last_cpupid, cpupid & LAST_CPUPID_MASK); } static inline int page_cpupid_last(struct page *page) { return page->_last_cpupid; } static inline void page_cpupid_reset_last(struct page *page) { page->_last_cpupid = -1 & LAST_CPUPID_MASK; } #else static inline int page_cpupid_last(struct page *page) { return (page->flags >> LAST_CPUPID_PGSHIFT) & LAST_CPUPID_MASK; } extern int page_cpupid_xchg_last(struct page *page, int cpupid); static inline void page_cpupid_reset_last(struct page *page) { page->flags |= LAST_CPUPID_MASK << LAST_CPUPID_PGSHIFT; } #endif /* LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS */ #else /* !CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ static inline int page_cpupid_xchg_last(struct page *page, int cpupid) { return page_to_nid(page); /* XXX */ } static inline int page_cpupid_last(struct page *page) { return page_to_nid(page); /* XXX */ } static inline int cpupid_to_nid(int cpupid) { return -1; } static inline int cpupid_to_pid(int cpupid) { return -1; } static inline int cpupid_to_cpu(int cpupid) { return -1; } static inline int cpu_pid_to_cpupid(int nid, int pid) { return -1; } static inline bool cpupid_pid_unset(int cpupid) { return true; } static inline void page_cpupid_reset_last(struct page *page) { } static inline bool cpupid_match_pid(struct task_struct *task, int cpupid) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ #ifdef CONFIG_KASAN_SW_TAGS /* * KASAN per-page tags are stored xor'ed with 0xff. This allows to avoid * setting tags for all pages to native kernel tag value 0xff, as the default * value 0x00 maps to 0xff. */ static inline u8 page_kasan_tag(const struct page *page) { u8 tag; tag = (page->flags >> KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT) & KASAN_TAG_MASK; tag ^= 0xff; return tag; } static inline void page_kasan_tag_set(struct page *page, u8 tag) { tag ^= 0xff; page->flags &= ~(KASAN_TAG_MASK << KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT); page->flags |= (tag & KASAN_TAG_MASK) << KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT; } static inline void page_kasan_tag_reset(struct page *page) { page_kasan_tag_set(page, 0xff); } #else static inline u8 page_kasan_tag(const struct page *page) { return 0xff; } static inline void page_kasan_tag_set(struct page *page, u8 tag) { } static inline void page_kasan_tag_reset(struct page *page) { } #endif static inline struct zone *page_zone(const struct page *page) { return &NODE_DATA(page_to_nid(page))->node_zones[page_zonenum(page)]; } static inline pg_data_t *page_pgdat(const struct page *page) { return NODE_DATA(page_to_nid(page)); } #ifdef SECTION_IN_PAGE_FLAGS static inline void set_page_section(struct page *page, unsigned long section) { page->flags &= ~(SECTIONS_MASK << SECTIONS_PGSHIFT); page->flags |= (section & SECTIONS_MASK) << SECTIONS_PGSHIFT; } static inline unsigned long page_to_section(const struct page *page) { return (page->flags >> SECTIONS_PGSHIFT) & SECTIONS_MASK; } #endif static inline void set_page_zone(struct page *page, enum zone_type zone) { page->flags &= ~(ZONES_MASK << ZONES_PGSHIFT); page->flags |= (zone & ZONES_MASK) << ZONES_PGSHIFT; } static inline void set_page_node(struct page *page, unsigned long node) { page->flags &= ~(NODES_MASK << NODES_PGSHIFT); page->flags |= (node & NODES_MASK) << NODES_PGSHIFT; } static inline void set_page_links(struct page *page, enum zone_type zone, unsigned long node, unsigned long pfn) { set_page_zone(page, zone); set_page_node(page, node); #ifdef SECTION_IN_PAGE_FLAGS set_page_section(page, pfn_to_section_nr(pfn)); #endif } #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG static inline struct mem_cgroup *page_memcg(struct page *page) { return page->mem_cgroup; } static inline struct mem_cgroup *page_memcg_rcu(struct page *page) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_read_lock_held()); return READ_ONCE(page->mem_cgroup); } #else static inline struct mem_cgroup *page_memcg(struct page *page) { return NULL; } static inline struct mem_cgroup *page_memcg_rcu(struct page *page) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_read_lock_held()); return NULL; } #endif /* * Some inline functions in vmstat.h depend on page_zone() */ #include <linux/vmstat.h> static __always_inline void *lowmem_page_address(const struct page *page) { return page_to_virt(page); } #if defined(CONFIG_HIGHMEM) && !defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL) #define HASHED_PAGE_VIRTUAL #endif #if defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL) static inline void *page_address(const struct page *page) { return page->virtual; } static inline void set_page_address(struct page *page, void *address) { page->virtual = address; } #define page_address_init() do { } while(0) #endif #if defined(HASHED_PAGE_VIRTUAL) void *page_address(const struct page *page); void set_page_address(struct page *page, void *virtual); void page_address_init(void); #endif #if !defined(HASHED_PAGE_VIRTUAL) && !defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL) #define page_address(page) lowmem_page_address(page) #define set_page_address(page, address) do { } while(0) #define page_address_init() do { } while(0) #endif extern void *page_rmapping(struct page *page); extern struct anon_vma *page_anon_vma(struct page *page); extern struct address_space *page_mapping(struct page *page); extern struct address_space *__page_file_mapping(struct page *); static inline struct address_space *page_file_mapping(struct page *page) { if (unlikely(PageSwapCache(page))) return __page_file_mapping(page); return page->mapping; } extern pgoff_t __page_file_index(struct page *page); /* * Return the pagecache index of the passed page. Regular pagecache pages * use ->index whereas swapcache pages use swp_offset(->private) */ static inline pgoff_t page_index(struct page *page) { if (unlikely(PageSwapCache(page))) return __page_file_index(page); return page->index; } bool page_mapped(struct page *page); struct address_space *page_mapping(struct page *page); struct address_space *page_mapping_file(struct page *page); /* * Return true only if the page has been allocated with * ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS and the low watermark was not * met implying that the system is under some pressure. */ static inline bool page_is_pfmemalloc(struct page *page) { /* * Page index cannot be this large so this must be * a pfmemalloc page. */ return page->index == -1UL; } /* * Only to be called by the page allocator on a freshly allocated * page. */ static inline void set_page_pfmemalloc(struct page *page) { page->index = -1UL; } static inline void clear_page_pfmemalloc(struct page *page) { page->index = 0; } /* * Can be called by the pagefault handler when it gets a VM_FAULT_OOM. */ extern void pagefault_out_of_memory(void); #define offset_in_page(p) ((unsigned long)(p) & ~PAGE_MASK) #define offset_in_thp(page, p) ((unsigned long)(p) & (thp_size(page) - 1)) /* * Flags passed to show_mem() and show_free_areas() to suppress output in * various contexts. */ #define SHOW_MEM_FILTER_NODES (0x0001u) /* disallowed nodes */ extern void show_free_areas(unsigned int flags, nodemask_t *nodemask); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern bool can_do_mlock(void); #else static inline bool can_do_mlock(void) { return false; } #endif extern int user_shm_lock(size_t, struct user_struct *); extern void user_shm_unlock(size_t, struct user_struct *); /* * Parameter block passed down to zap_pte_range in exceptional cases. */ struct zap_details { struct address_space *check_mapping; /* Check page->mapping if set */ pgoff_t first_index; /* Lowest page->index to unmap */ pgoff_t last_index; /* Highest page->index to unmap */ struct page *single_page; /* Locked page to be unmapped */ }; struct page *vm_normal_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte); struct page *vm_normal_page_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t pmd); void zap_vma_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size); void zap_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size); void unmap_vmas(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *start_vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); struct mmu_notifier_range; void free_pgd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling); int copy_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma); int follow_invalidate_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, struct mmu_notifier_range *range, pte_t **ptepp, pmd_t **pmdpp, spinlock_t **ptlp); int follow_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t **ptepp, spinlock_t **ptlp); int follow_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long *pfn); int follow_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, unsigned long *prot, resource_size_t *phys); int generic_access_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, int write); extern void truncate_pagecache(struct inode *inode, loff_t new); extern void truncate_setsize(struct inode *inode, loff_t newsize); void pagecache_isize_extended(struct inode *inode, loff_t from, loff_t to); void truncate_pagecache_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t end); int truncate_inode_page(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page); int generic_error_remove_page(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page); int invalidate_inode_page(struct page *page); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern vm_fault_t handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, struct pt_regs *regs); extern int fixup_user_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned int fault_flags, bool *unlocked); void unmap_mapping_page(struct page *page); void unmap_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t nr, bool even_cows); void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen, int even_cows); #else static inline vm_fault_t handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, struct pt_regs *regs) { /* should never happen if there's no MMU */ BUG(); return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } static inline int fixup_user_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned int fault_flags, bool *unlocked) { /* should never happen if there's no MMU */ BUG(); return -EFAULT; } static inline void unmap_mapping_page(struct page *page) { } static inline void unmap_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t nr, bool even_cows) { } static inline void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen, int even_cows) { } #endif static inline void unmap_shared_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen) { unmap_mapping_range(mapping, holebegin, holelen, 0); } extern int access_process_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags); extern int access_remote_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags); extern int __access_remote_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags); long get_user_pages_remote(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas, int *locked); long pin_user_pages_remote(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas, int *locked); long get_user_pages(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas); long pin_user_pages(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas); long get_user_pages_locked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, int *locked); long pin_user_pages_locked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, int *locked); long get_user_pages_unlocked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, struct page **pages, unsigned int gup_flags); long pin_user_pages_unlocked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, struct page **pages, unsigned int gup_flags); int get_user_pages_fast(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages); int pin_user_pages_fast(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages); int account_locked_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pages, bool inc); int __account_locked_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pages, bool inc, struct task_struct *task, bool bypass_rlim); /* Container for pinned pfns / pages */ struct frame_vector { unsigned int nr_allocated; /* Number of frames we have space for */ unsigned int nr_frames; /* Number of frames stored in ptrs array */ bool got_ref; /* Did we pin pages by getting page ref? */ bool is_pfns; /* Does array contain pages or pfns? */ void *ptrs[]; /* Array of pinned pfns / pages. Use * pfns_vector_pages() or pfns_vector_pfns() * for access */ }; struct frame_vector *frame_vector_create(unsigned int nr_frames); void frame_vector_destroy(struct frame_vector *vec); int get_vaddr_frames(unsigned long start, unsigned int nr_pfns, unsigned int gup_flags, struct frame_vector *vec); void put_vaddr_frames(struct frame_vector *vec); int frame_vector_to_pages(struct frame_vector *vec); void frame_vector_to_pfns(struct frame_vector *vec); static inline unsigned int frame_vector_count(struct frame_vector *vec) { return vec->nr_frames; } static inline struct page **frame_vector_pages(struct frame_vector *vec) { if (vec->is_pfns) { int err = frame_vector_to_pages(vec); if (err) return ERR_PTR(err); } return (struct page **)(vec->ptrs); } static inline unsigned long *frame_vector_pfns(struct frame_vector *vec) { if (!vec->is_pfns) frame_vector_to_pfns(vec); return (unsigned long *)(vec->ptrs); } struct kvec; int get_kernel_pages(const struct kvec *iov, int nr_pages, int write, struct page **pages); int get_kernel_page(unsigned long start, int write, struct page **pages); struct page *get_dump_page(unsigned long addr); extern int try_to_release_page(struct page * page, gfp_t gfp_mask); extern void do_invalidatepage(struct page *page, unsigned int offset, unsigned int length); void __set_page_dirty(struct page *, struct address_space *, int warn); int __set_page_dirty_nobuffers(struct page *page); int __set_page_dirty_no_writeback(struct page *page); int redirty_page_for_writepage(struct writeback_control *wbc, struct page *page); void account_page_dirtied(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping); void account_page_cleaned(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping, struct bdi_writeback *wb); int set_page_dirty(struct page *page); int set_page_dirty_lock(struct page *page); void __cancel_dirty_page(struct page *page); static inline void cancel_dirty_page(struct page *page) { /* Avoid atomic ops, locking, etc. when not actually needed. */ if (PageDirty(page)) __cancel_dirty_page(page); } int clear_page_dirty_for_io(struct page *page); int get_cmdline(struct task_struct *task, char *buffer, int buflen); extern unsigned long move_page_tables(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long old_addr, struct vm_area_struct *new_vma, unsigned long new_addr, unsigned long len, bool need_rmap_locks); /* * Flags used by change_protection(). For now we make it a bitmap so * that we can pass in multiple flags just like parameters. However * for now all the callers are only use one of the flags at the same * time. */ /* Whether we should allow dirty bit accounting */ #define MM_CP_DIRTY_ACCT (1UL << 0) /* Whether this protection change is for NUMA hints */ #define MM_CP_PROT_NUMA (1UL << 1) /* Whether this change is for write protecting */ #define MM_CP_UFFD_WP (1UL << 2) /* do wp */ #define MM_CP_UFFD_WP_RESOLVE (1UL << 3) /* Resolve wp */ #define MM_CP_UFFD_WP_ALL (MM_CP_UFFD_WP | \ MM_CP_UFFD_WP_RESOLVE) extern unsigned long change_protection(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, pgprot_t newprot, unsigned long cp_flags); extern int mprotect_fixup(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct **pprev, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, unsigned long newflags); /* * doesn't attempt to fault and will return short. */ int get_user_pages_fast_only(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages); int pin_user_pages_fast_only(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages); static inline bool get_user_page_fast_only(unsigned long addr, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pagep) { return get_user_pages_fast_only(addr, 1, gup_flags, pagep) == 1; } /* * per-process(per-mm_struct) statistics. */ static inline unsigned long get_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member) { long val = atomic_long_read(&mm->rss_stat.count[member]); #ifdef SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING /* * counter is updated in asynchronous manner and may go to minus. * But it's never be expected number for users. */ if (val < 0) val = 0; #endif return (unsigned long)val; } void mm_trace_rss_stat(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long count); static inline void add_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long value) { long count = atomic_long_add_return(value, &mm->rss_stat.count[member]); mm_trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } static inline void inc_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member) { long count = atomic_long_inc_return(&mm->rss_stat.count[member]); mm_trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } static inline void dec_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member) { long count = atomic_long_dec_return(&mm->rss_stat.count[member]); mm_trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } /* Optimized variant when page is already known not to be PageAnon */ static inline int mm_counter_file(struct page *page) { if (PageSwapBacked(page)) return MM_SHMEMPAGES; return MM_FILEPAGES; } static inline int mm_counter(struct page *page) { if (PageAnon(page)) return MM_ANONPAGES; return mm_counter_file(page); } static inline unsigned long get_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { return get_mm_counter(mm, MM_FILEPAGES) + get_mm_counter(mm, MM_ANONPAGES) + get_mm_counter(mm, MM_SHMEMPAGES); } static inline unsigned long get_mm_hiwater_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { return max(mm->hiwater_rss, get_mm_rss(mm)); } static inline unsigned long get_mm_hiwater_vm(struct mm_struct *mm) { return max(mm->hiwater_vm, mm->total_vm); } static inline void update_hiwater_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { unsigned long _rss = get_mm_rss(mm); if ((mm)->hiwater_rss < _rss) (mm)->hiwater_rss = _rss; } static inline void update_hiwater_vm(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm->hiwater_vm < mm->total_vm) mm->hiwater_vm = mm->total_vm; } static inline void reset_mm_hiwater_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { mm->hiwater_rss = get_mm_rss(mm); } static inline void setmax_mm_hiwater_rss(unsigned long *maxrss, struct mm_struct *mm) { unsigned long hiwater_rss = get_mm_hiwater_rss(mm); if (*maxrss < hiwater_rss) *maxrss = hiwater_rss; } #if defined(SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING) void sync_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm); #else static inline void sync_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { } #endif #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL static inline int pte_special(pte_t pte) { return 0; } static inline pte_t pte_mkspecial(pte_t pte) { return pte; } #endif #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_DEVMAP static inline int pte_devmap(pte_t pte) { return 0; } #endif int vma_wants_writenotify(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgprot_t vm_page_prot); extern pte_t *__get_locked_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, spinlock_t **ptl); static inline pte_t *get_locked_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, spinlock_t **ptl) { pte_t *ptep; __cond_lock(*ptl, ptep = __get_locked_pte(mm, addr, ptl)); return ptep; } #ifdef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED static inline int __p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { return 0; } #else int __p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address); #endif #if defined(__PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED) || !defined(CONFIG_MMU) static inline int __pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address) { return 0; } static inline void mm_inc_nr_puds(struct mm_struct *mm) {} static inline void mm_dec_nr_puds(struct mm_struct *mm) {} #else int __pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address); static inline void mm_inc_nr_puds(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm_pud_folded(mm)) return; atomic_long_add(PTRS_PER_PUD * sizeof(pud_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } static inline void mm_dec_nr_puds(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm_pud_folded(mm)) return; atomic_long_sub(PTRS_PER_PUD * sizeof(pud_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } #endif #if defined(__PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED) || !defined(CONFIG_MMU) static inline int __pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address) { return 0; } static inline void mm_inc_nr_pmds(struct mm_struct *mm) {} static inline void mm_dec_nr_pmds(struct mm_struct *mm) {} #else int __pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address); static inline void mm_inc_nr_pmds(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm_pmd_folded(mm)) return; atomic_long_add(PTRS_PER_PMD * sizeof(pmd_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } static inline void mm_dec_nr_pmds(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm_pmd_folded(mm)) return; atomic_long_sub(PTRS_PER_PMD * sizeof(pmd_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MMU static inline void mm_pgtables_bytes_init(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_long_set(&mm->pgtables_bytes, 0); } static inline unsigned long mm_pgtables_bytes(const struct mm_struct *mm) { return atomic_long_read(&mm->pgtables_bytes); } static inline void mm_inc_nr_ptes(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_long_add(PTRS_PER_PTE * sizeof(pte_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } static inline void mm_dec_nr_ptes(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_long_sub(PTRS_PER_PTE * sizeof(pte_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } #else static inline void mm_pgtables_bytes_init(struct mm_struct *mm) {} static inline unsigned long mm_pgtables_bytes(const struct mm_struct *mm) { return 0; } static inline void mm_inc_nr_ptes(struct mm_struct *mm) {} static inline void mm_dec_nr_ptes(struct mm_struct *mm) {} #endif int __pte_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd); int __pte_alloc_kernel(pmd_t *pmd); #if defined(CONFIG_MMU) static inline p4d_t *p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { return (unlikely(pgd_none(*pgd)) && __p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, address)) ? NULL : p4d_offset(pgd, address); } static inline pud_t *pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address) { return (unlikely(p4d_none(*p4d)) && __pud_alloc(mm, p4d, address)) ? NULL : pud_offset(p4d, address); } static inline pmd_t *pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address) { return (unlikely(pud_none(*pud)) && __pmd_alloc(mm, pud, address))? NULL: pmd_offset(pud, address); } #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ #if USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS #if ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS void __init ptlock_cache_init(void); extern bool ptlock_alloc(struct page *page); extern void ptlock_free(struct page *page); static inline spinlock_t *ptlock_ptr(struct page *page) { return page->ptl; } #else /* ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS */ static inline void ptlock_cache_init(void) { } static inline bool ptlock_alloc(struct page *page) { return true; } static inline void ptlock_free(struct page *page) { } static inline spinlock_t *ptlock_ptr(struct page *page) { return &page->ptl; } #endif /* ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS */ static inline spinlock_t *pte_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { return ptlock_ptr(pmd_page(*pmd)); } static inline bool ptlock_init(struct page *page) { /* * prep_new_page() initialize page->private (and therefore page->ptl) * with 0. Make sure nobody took it in use in between. * * It can happen if arch try to use slab for page table allocation: * slab code uses page->slab_cache, which share storage with page->ptl. */ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(*(unsigned long *)&page->ptl, page); if (!ptlock_alloc(page)) return false; spin_lock_init(ptlock_ptr(page)); return true; } #else /* !USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS */ /* * We use mm->page_table_lock to guard all pagetable pages of the mm. */ static inline spinlock_t *pte_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { return &mm->page_table_lock; } static inline void ptlock_cache_init(void) {} static inline bool ptlock_init(struct page *page) { return true; } static inline void ptlock_free(struct page *page) {} #endif /* USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS */ static inline void pgtable_init(void) { ptlock_cache_init(); pgtable_cache_init(); } static inline bool pgtable_pte_page_ctor(struct page *page) { if (!ptlock_init(page)) return false; __SetPageTable(page); inc_zone_page_state(page, NR_PAGETABLE); return true; } static inline void pgtable_pte_page_dtor(struct page *page) { ptlock_free(page); __ClearPageTable(page); dec_zone_page_state(page, NR_PAGETABLE); } #define pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp) \ ({ \ spinlock_t *__ptl = pte_lockptr(mm, pmd); \ pte_t *__pte = pte_offset_map(pmd, address); \ *(ptlp) = __ptl; \ spin_lock(__ptl); \ __pte; \ }) #define pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl) do { \ spin_unlock(ptl); \ pte_unmap(pte); \ } while (0) #define pte_alloc(mm, pmd) (unlikely(pmd_none(*(pmd))) && __pte_alloc(mm, pmd)) #define pte_alloc_map(mm, pmd, address) \ (pte_alloc(mm, pmd) ? NULL : pte_offset_map(pmd, address)) #define pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp) \ (pte_alloc(mm, pmd) ? \ NULL : pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp)) #define pte_alloc_kernel(pmd, address) \ ((unlikely(pmd_none(*(pmd))) && __pte_alloc_kernel(pmd))? \ NULL: pte_offset_kernel(pmd, address)) #if USE_SPLIT_PMD_PTLOCKS static struct page *pmd_to_page(pmd_t *pmd) { unsigned long mask = ~(PTRS_PER_PMD * sizeof(pmd_t) - 1); return virt_to_page((void *)((unsigned long) pmd & mask)); } static inline spinlock_t *pmd_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { return ptlock_ptr(pmd_to_page(pmd)); } static inline bool pmd_ptlock_init(struct page *page) { #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE page->pmd_huge_pte = NULL; #endif return ptlock_init(page); } static inline void pmd_ptlock_free(struct page *page) { #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page->pmd_huge_pte, page); #endif ptlock_free(page); } #define pmd_huge_pte(mm, pmd) (pmd_to_page(pmd)->pmd_huge_pte) #else static inline spinlock_t *pmd_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { return &mm->page_table_lock; } static inline bool pmd_ptlock_init(struct page *page) { return true; } static inline void pmd_ptlock_free(struct page *page) {} #define pmd_huge_pte(mm, pmd) ((mm)->pmd_huge_pte) #endif static inline spinlock_t *pmd_lock(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { spinlock_t *ptl = pmd_lockptr(mm, pmd); spin_lock(ptl); return ptl; } static inline bool pgtable_pmd_page_ctor(struct page *page) { if (!pmd_ptlock_init(page)) return false; __SetPageTable(page); inc_zone_page_state(page, NR_PAGETABLE); return true; } static inline void pgtable_pmd_page_dtor(struct page *page) { pmd_ptlock_free(page); __ClearPageTable(page); dec_zone_page_state(page, NR_PAGETABLE); } /* * No scalability reason to split PUD locks yet, but follow the same pattern * as the PMD locks to make it easier if we decide to. The VM should not be * considered ready to switch to split PUD locks yet; there may be places * which need to be converted from page_table_lock. */ static inline spinlock_t *pud_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud) { return &mm->page_table_lock; } static inline spinlock_t *pud_lock(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud) { spinlock_t *ptl = pud_lockptr(mm, pud); spin_lock(ptl); return ptl; } extern void __init pagecache_init(void); extern void __init free_area_init_memoryless_node(int nid); extern void free_initmem(void); /* * Free reserved pages within range [PAGE_ALIGN(start), end & PAGE_MASK) * into the buddy system. The freed pages will be poisoned with pattern * "poison" if it's within range [0, UCHAR_MAX]. * Return pages freed into the buddy system. */ extern unsigned long free_reserved_area(void *start, void *end, int poison, const char *s); #ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM /* * Free a highmem page into the buddy system, adjusting totalhigh_pages * and totalram_pages. */ extern void free_highmem_page(struct page *page); #endif extern void adjust_managed_page_count(struct page *page, long count); extern void mem_init_print_info(const char *str); extern void reserve_bootmem_region(phys_addr_t start, phys_addr_t end); /* Free the reserved page into the buddy system, so it gets managed. */ static inline void __free_reserved_page(struct page *page) { ClearPageReserved(page); init_page_count(page); __free_page(page); } static inline void free_reserved_page(struct page *page) { __free_reserved_page(page); adjust_managed_page_count(page, 1); } static inline void mark_page_reserved(struct page *page) { SetPageReserved(page); adjust_managed_page_count(page, -1); } /* * Default method to free all the __init memory into the buddy system. * The freed pages will be poisoned with pattern "poison" if it's within * range [0, UCHAR_MAX]. * Return pages freed into the buddy system. */ static inline unsigned long free_initmem_default(int poison) { extern char __init_begin[], __init_end[]; return free_reserved_area(&__init_begin, &__init_end, poison, "unused kernel"); } static inline unsigned long get_num_physpages(void) { int nid; unsigned long phys_pages = 0; for_each_online_node(nid) phys_pages += node_present_pages(nid); return phys_pages; } /* * Using memblock node mappings, an architecture may initialise its * zones, allocate the backing mem_map and account for memory holes in an * architecture independent manner. * * An architecture is expected to register range of page frames backed by * physical memory with memblock_add[_node]() before calling * free_area_init() passing in the PFN each zone ends at. At a basic * usage, an architecture is expected to do something like * * unsigned long max_zone_pfns[MAX_NR_ZONES] = {max_dma, max_normal_pfn, * max_highmem_pfn}; * for_each_valid_physical_page_range() * memblock_add_node(base, size, nid) * free_area_init(max_zone_pfns); */ void free_area_init(unsigned long *max_zone_pfn); unsigned long node_map_pfn_alignment(void); unsigned long __absent_pages_in_range(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn); extern unsigned long absent_pages_in_range(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn); extern void get_pfn_range_for_nid(unsigned int nid, unsigned long *start_pfn, unsigned long *end_pfn); extern unsigned long find_min_pfn_with_active_regions(void); #ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES static inline int early_pfn_to_nid(unsigned long pfn) { return 0; } #else /* please see mm/page_alloc.c */ extern int __meminit early_pfn_to_nid(unsigned long pfn); /* there is a per-arch backend function. */ extern int __meminit __early_pfn_to_nid(unsigned long pfn, struct mminit_pfnnid_cache *state); #endif extern void set_dma_reserve(unsigned long new_dma_reserve); extern void memmap_init_zone(unsigned long, int, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, enum meminit_context, struct vmem_altmap *, int migratetype); extern void setup_per_zone_wmarks(void); extern int __meminit init_per_zone_wmark_min(void); extern void mem_init(void); extern void __init mmap_init(void); extern void show_mem(unsigned int flags, nodemask_t *nodemask); extern long si_mem_available(void); extern void si_meminfo(struct sysinfo * val); extern void si_meminfo_node(struct sysinfo *val, int nid); #ifdef __HAVE_ARCH_RESERVED_KERNEL_PAGES extern unsigned long arch_reserved_kernel_pages(void); #endif extern __printf(3, 4) void warn_alloc(gfp_t gfp_mask, nodemask_t *nodemask, const char *fmt, ...); extern void setup_per_cpu_pageset(void); /* page_alloc.c */ extern int min_free_kbytes; extern int watermark_boost_factor; extern int watermark_scale_factor; extern bool arch_has_descending_max_zone_pfns(void); /* nommu.c */ extern atomic_long_t mmap_pages_allocated; extern int nommu_shrink_inode_mappings(struct inode *, size_t, size_t); /* interval_tree.c */ void vma_interval_tree_insert(struct vm_area_struct *node, struct rb_root_cached *root); void vma_interval_tree_insert_after(struct vm_area_struct *node, struct vm_area_struct *prev, struct rb_root_cached *root); void vma_interval_tree_remove(struct vm_area_struct *node, struct rb_root_cached *root); struct vm_area_struct *vma_interval_tree_iter_first(struct rb_root_cached *root, unsigned long start, unsigned long last); struct vm_area_struct *vma_interval_tree_iter_next(struct vm_area_struct *node, unsigned long start, unsigned long last); #define vma_interval_tree_foreach(vma, root, start, last) \ for (vma = vma_interval_tree_iter_first(root, start, last); \ vma; vma = vma_interval_tree_iter_next(vma, start, last)) void anon_vma_interval_tree_insert(struct anon_vma_chain *node, struct rb_root_cached *root); void anon_vma_interval_tree_remove(struct anon_vma_chain *node, struct rb_root_cached *root); struct anon_vma_chain * anon_vma_interval_tree_iter_first(struct rb_root_cached *root, unsigned long start, unsigned long last); struct anon_vma_chain *anon_vma_interval_tree_iter_next( struct anon_vma_chain *node, unsigned long start, unsigned long last); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_RB void anon_vma_interval_tree_verify(struct anon_vma_chain *node); #endif #define anon_vma_interval_tree_foreach(avc, root, start, last) \ for (avc = anon_vma_interval_tree_iter_first(root, start, last); \ avc; avc = anon_vma_interval_tree_iter_next(avc, start, last)) /* mmap.c */ extern int __vm_enough_memory(struct mm_struct *mm, long pages, int cap_sys_admin); extern int __vma_adjust(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, pgoff_t pgoff, struct vm_area_struct *insert, struct vm_area_struct *expand); static inline int vma_adjust(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, pgoff_t pgoff, struct vm_area_struct *insert) { return __vma_adjust(vma, start, end, pgoff, insert, NULL); } extern struct vm_area_struct *vma_merge(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *prev, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long vm_flags, struct anon_vma *, struct file *, pgoff_t, struct mempolicy *, struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx); extern struct anon_vma *find_mergeable_anon_vma(struct vm_area_struct *); extern int __split_vma(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long addr, int new_below); extern int split_vma(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long addr, int new_below); extern int insert_vm_struct(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *); extern void __vma_link_rb(struct mm_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *, struct rb_node **, struct rb_node *); extern void unlink_file_vma(struct vm_area_struct *); extern struct vm_area_struct *copy_vma(struct vm_area_struct **, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, pgoff_t pgoff, bool *need_rmap_locks); extern void exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *); static inline int check_data_rlimit(unsigned long rlim, unsigned long new, unsigned long start, unsigned long end_data, unsigned long start_data) { if (rlim < RLIM_INFINITY) { if (((new - start) + (end_data - start_data)) > rlim) return -ENOSPC; } return 0; } extern int mm_take_all_locks(struct mm_struct *mm); extern void mm_drop_all_locks(struct mm_struct *mm); extern void set_mm_exe_file(struct mm_struct *mm, struct file *new_exe_file); extern struct file *get_mm_exe_file(struct mm_struct *mm); extern struct file *get_task_exe_file(struct task_struct *task); extern bool may_expand_vm(struct mm_struct *, vm_flags_t, unsigned long npages); extern void vm_stat_account(struct mm_struct *, vm_flags_t, long npages); extern bool vma_is_special_mapping(const struct vm_area_struct *vma, const struct vm_special_mapping *sm); extern struct vm_area_struct *_install_special_mapping(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long flags, const struct vm_special_mapping *spec); /* This is an obsolete alternative to _install_special_mapping. */ extern int install_special_mapping(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long flags, struct page **pages); unsigned long randomize_stack_top(unsigned long stack_top); extern unsigned long get_unmapped_area(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern unsigned long mmap_region(struct file *file, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, vm_flags_t vm_flags, unsigned long pgoff, struct list_head *uf); extern unsigned long do_mmap(struct file *file, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long prot, unsigned long flags, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long *populate, struct list_head *uf); extern int __do_munmap(struct mm_struct *, unsigned long, size_t, struct list_head *uf, bool downgrade); extern int do_munmap(struct mm_struct *, unsigned long, size_t, struct list_head *uf); extern int do_madvise(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, size_t len_in, int behavior); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern int __mm_populate(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, int ignore_errors); static inline void mm_populate(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len) { /* Ignore errors */ (void) __mm_populate(addr, len, 1); } #else static inline void mm_populate(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len) {} #endif /* These take the mm semaphore themselves */ extern int __must_check vm_brk(unsigned long, unsigned long); extern int __must_check vm_brk_flags(unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern int vm_munmap(unsigned long, size_t); extern unsigned long __must_check vm_mmap(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); struct vm_unmapped_area_info { #define VM_UNMAPPED_AREA_TOPDOWN 1 unsigned long flags; unsigned long length; unsigned long low_limit; unsigned long high_limit; unsigned long align_mask; unsigned long align_offset; }; extern unsigned long vm_unmapped_area(struct vm_unmapped_area_info *info); /* truncate.c */ extern void truncate_inode_pages(struct address_space *, loff_t); extern void truncate_inode_pages_range(struct address_space *, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); extern void truncate_inode_pages_final(struct address_space *); /* generic vm_area_ops exported for stackable file systems */ extern vm_fault_t filemap_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf); extern void filemap_map_pages(struct vm_fault *vmf, pgoff_t start_pgoff, pgoff_t end_pgoff); extern vm_fault_t filemap_page_mkwrite(struct vm_fault *vmf); /* mm/page-writeback.c */ int __must_check write_one_page(struct page *page); void task_dirty_inc(struct task_struct *tsk); extern unsigned long stack_guard_gap; /* Generic expand stack which grows the stack according to GROWS{UP,DOWN} */ extern int expand_stack(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address); /* CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP still needs to grow downwards at some places */ extern int expand_downwards(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address); #if VM_GROWSUP extern int expand_upwards(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address); #else #define expand_upwards(vma, address) (0) #endif /* Look up the first VMA which satisfies addr < vm_end, NULL if none. */ extern struct vm_area_struct * find_vma(struct mm_struct * mm, unsigned long addr); extern struct vm_area_struct * find_vma_prev(struct mm_struct * mm, unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct **pprev); /* Look up the first VMA which intersects the interval start_addr..end_addr-1, NULL if none. Assume start_addr < end_addr. */ static inline struct vm_area_struct * find_vma_intersection(struct mm_struct * mm, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr) { struct vm_area_struct * vma = find_vma(mm,start_addr); if (vma && end_addr <= vma->vm_start) vma = NULL; return vma; } static inline unsigned long vm_start_gap(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { unsigned long vm_start = vma->vm_start; if (vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSDOWN) { vm_start -= stack_guard_gap; if (vm_start > vma->vm_start) vm_start = 0; } return vm_start; } static inline unsigned long vm_end_gap(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { unsigned long vm_end = vma->vm_end; if (vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSUP) { vm_end += stack_guard_gap; if (vm_end < vma->vm_end) vm_end = -PAGE_SIZE; } return vm_end; } static inline unsigned long vma_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return (vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; } /* Look up the first VMA which exactly match the interval vm_start ... vm_end */ static inline struct vm_area_struct *find_exact_vma(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vm_start, unsigned long vm_end) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = find_vma(mm, vm_start); if (vma && (vma->vm_start != vm_start || vma->vm_end != vm_end)) vma = NULL; return vma; } static inline bool range_in_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { return (vma && vma->vm_start <= start && end <= vma->vm_end); } #ifdef CONFIG_MMU pgprot_t vm_get_page_prot(unsigned long vm_flags); void vma_set_page_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #else static inline pgprot_t vm_get_page_prot(unsigned long vm_flags) { return __pgprot(0); } static inline void vma_set_page_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { vma->vm_page_prot = vm_get_page_prot(vma->vm_flags); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING unsigned long change_prot_numa(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); #endif struct vm_area_struct *find_extend_vma(struct mm_struct *, unsigned long addr); int remap_pfn_range(struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t); int vm_insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long addr, struct page *); int vm_insert_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page **pages, unsigned long *num); int vm_map_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num); int vm_map_pages_zero(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t pgprot); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn); int vm_iomap_memory(struct vm_area_struct *vma, phys_addr_t start, unsigned long len); static inline vm_fault_t vmf_insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page *page) { int err = vm_insert_page(vma, addr, page); if (err == -ENOMEM) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (err < 0 && err != -EBUSY) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } #ifndef io_remap_pfn_range static inline int io_remap_pfn_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot) { return remap_pfn_range(vma, addr, pfn, size, pgprot_decrypted(prot)); } #endif static inline vm_fault_t vmf_error(int err) { if (err == -ENOMEM) return VM_FAULT_OOM; return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } struct page *follow_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int foll_flags); #define FOLL_WRITE 0x01 /* check pte is writable */ #define FOLL_TOUCH 0x02 /* mark page accessed */ #define FOLL_GET 0x04 /* do get_page on page */ #define FOLL_DUMP 0x08 /* give error on hole if it would be zero */ #define FOLL_FORCE 0x10 /* get_user_pages read/write w/o permission */ #define FOLL_NOWAIT 0x20 /* if a disk transfer is needed, start the IO * and return without waiting upon it */ #define FOLL_POPULATE 0x40 /* fault in page */ #define FOLL_SPLIT 0x80 /* don't return transhuge pages, split them */ #define FOLL_HWPOISON 0x100 /* check page is hwpoisoned */ #define FOLL_NUMA 0x200 /* force NUMA hinting page fault */ #define FOLL_MIGRATION 0x400 /* wait for page to replace migration entry */ #define FOLL_TRIED 0x800 /* a retry, previous pass started an IO */ #define FOLL_MLOCK 0x1000 /* lock present pages */ #define FOLL_REMOTE 0x2000 /* we are working on non-current tsk/mm */ #define FOLL_COW 0x4000 /* internal GUP flag */ #define FOLL_ANON 0x8000 /* don't do file mappings */ #define FOLL_LONGTERM 0x10000 /* mapping lifetime is indefinite: see below */ #define FOLL_SPLIT_PMD 0x20000 /* split huge pmd before returning */ #define FOLL_PIN 0x40000 /* pages must be released via unpin_user_page */ #define FOLL_FAST_ONLY 0x80000 /* gup_fast: prevent fall-back to slow gup */ /* * FOLL_PIN and FOLL_LONGTERM may be used in various combinations with each * other. Here is what they mean, and how to use them: * * FOLL_LONGTERM indicates that the page will be held for an indefinite time * period _often_ under userspace control. This is in contrast to * iov_iter_get_pages(), whose usages are transient. * * FIXME: For pages which are part of a filesystem, mappings are subject to the * lifetime enforced by the filesystem and we need guarantees that longterm * users like RDMA and V4L2 only establish mappings which coordinate usage with * the filesystem. Ideas for this coordination include revoking the longterm * pin, delaying writeback, bounce buffer page writeback, etc. As FS DAX was * added after the problem with filesystems was found FS DAX VMAs are * specifically failed. Filesystem pages are still subject to bugs and use of * FOLL_LONGTERM should be avoided on those pages. * * FIXME: Also NOTE that FOLL_LONGTERM is not supported in every GUP call. * Currently only get_user_pages() and get_user_pages_fast() support this flag * and calls to get_user_pages_[un]locked are specifically not allowed. This * is due to an incompatibility with the FS DAX check and * FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY. * * In the CMA case: long term pins in a CMA region would unnecessarily fragment * that region. And so, CMA attempts to migrate the page before pinning, when * FOLL_LONGTERM is specified. * * FOLL_PIN indicates that a special kind of tracking (not just page->_refcount, * but an additional pin counting system) will be invoked. This is intended for * anything that gets a page reference and then touches page data (for example, * Direct IO). This lets the filesystem know that some non-file-system entity is * potentially changing the pages' data. In contrast to FOLL_GET (whose pages * are released via put_page()), FOLL_PIN pages must be released, ultimately, by * a call to unpin_user_page(). * * FOLL_PIN is similar to FOLL_GET: both of these pin pages. They use different * and separate refcounting mechanisms, however, and that means that each has * its own acquire and release mechanisms: * * FOLL_GET: get_user_pages*() to acquire, and put_page() to release. * * FOLL_PIN: pin_user_pages*() to acquire, and unpin_user_pages to release. * * FOLL_PIN and FOLL_GET are mutually exclusive for a given function call. * (The underlying pages may experience both FOLL_GET-based and FOLL_PIN-based * calls applied to them, and that's perfectly OK. This is a constraint on the * callers, not on the pages.) * * FOLL_PIN should be set internally by the pin_user_pages*() APIs, never * directly by the caller. That's in order to help avoid mismatches when * releasing pages: get_user_pages*() pages must be released via put_page(), * while pin_user_pages*() pages must be released via unpin_user_page(). * * Please see Documentation/core-api/pin_user_pages.rst for more information. */ static inline int vm_fault_to_errno(vm_fault_t vm_fault, int foll_flags) { if (vm_fault & VM_FAULT_OOM) return -ENOMEM; if (vm_fault & (VM_FAULT_HWPOISON | VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE)) return (foll_flags & FOLL_HWPOISON) ? -EHWPOISON : -EFAULT; if (vm_fault & (VM_FAULT_SIGBUS | VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV)) return -EFAULT; return 0; } typedef int (*pte_fn_t)(pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, void *data); extern int apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data); extern int apply_to_existing_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data); #ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_POISONING extern bool page_poisoning_enabled(void); extern void kernel_poison_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable); #else static inline bool page_poisoning_enabled(void) { return false; } static inline void kernel_poison_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_INIT_ON_ALLOC_DEFAULT_ON DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(init_on_alloc); #else DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(init_on_alloc); #endif static inline bool want_init_on_alloc(gfp_t flags) { if (static_branch_unlikely(&init_on_alloc) && !page_poisoning_enabled()) return true; return flags & __GFP_ZERO; } #ifdef CONFIG_INIT_ON_FREE_DEFAULT_ON DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(init_on_free); #else DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(init_on_free); #endif static inline bool want_init_on_free(void) { return static_branch_unlikely(&init_on_free) && !page_poisoning_enabled(); } #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC extern void init_debug_pagealloc(void); #else static inline void init_debug_pagealloc(void) {} #endif extern bool _debug_pagealloc_enabled_early; DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(_debug_pagealloc_enabled); static inline bool debug_pagealloc_enabled(void) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC) && _debug_pagealloc_enabled_early; } /* * For use in fast paths after init_debug_pagealloc() has run, or when a * false negative result is not harmful when called too early. */ static inline bool debug_pagealloc_enabled_static(void) { if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC)) return false; return static_branch_unlikely(&_debug_pagealloc_enabled); } #if defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC) || defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SET_DIRECT_MAP) extern void __kernel_map_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable); /* * When called in DEBUG_PAGEALLOC context, the call should most likely be * guarded by debug_pagealloc_enabled() or debug_pagealloc_enabled_static() */ static inline void kernel_map_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable) { __kernel_map_pages(page, numpages, enable); } #ifdef CONFIG_HIBERNATION extern bool kernel_page_present(struct page *page); #endif /* CONFIG_HIBERNATION */ #else /* CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC || CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SET_DIRECT_MAP */ static inline void kernel_map_pages(struct page *page, int numpages, int enable) {} #ifdef CONFIG_HIBERNATION static inline bool kernel_page_present(struct page *page) { return true; } #endif /* CONFIG_HIBERNATION */ #endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC || CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SET_DIRECT_MAP */ #ifdef __HAVE_ARCH_GATE_AREA extern struct vm_area_struct *get_gate_vma(struct mm_struct *mm); extern int in_gate_area_no_mm(unsigned long addr); extern int in_gate_area(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr); #else static inline struct vm_area_struct *get_gate_vma(struct mm_struct *mm) { return NULL; } static inline int in_gate_area_no_mm(unsigned long addr) { return 0; } static inline int in_gate_area(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { return 0; } #endif /* __HAVE_ARCH_GATE_AREA */ extern bool process_shares_mm(struct task_struct *p, struct mm_struct *mm); #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL extern int sysctl_drop_caches; int drop_caches_sysctl_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); #endif void drop_slab(void); void drop_slab_node(int nid); #ifndef CONFIG_MMU #define randomize_va_space 0 #else extern int randomize_va_space; #endif const char * arch_vma_name(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU void print_vma_addr(char *prefix, unsigned long rip); #else static inline void print_vma_addr(char *prefix, unsigned long rip) { } #endif void *sparse_buffer_alloc(unsigned long size); struct page * __populate_section_memmap(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages, int nid, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); pgd_t *vmemmap_pgd_populate(unsigned long addr, int node); p4d_t *vmemmap_p4d_populate(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, int node); pud_t *vmemmap_pud_populate(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, int node); pmd_t *vmemmap_pmd_populate(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, int node); pte_t *vmemmap_pte_populate(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, int node, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); void *vmemmap_alloc_block(unsigned long size, int node); struct vmem_altmap; void *vmemmap_alloc_block_buf(unsigned long size, int node, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); void vmemmap_verify(pte_t *, int, unsigned long, unsigned long); int vmemmap_populate_basepages(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, int node, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); int vmemmap_populate(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, int node, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); void vmemmap_populate_print_last(void); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG void vmemmap_free(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, struct vmem_altmap *altmap); #endif void register_page_bootmem_memmap(unsigned long section_nr, struct page *map, unsigned long nr_pages); enum mf_flags { MF_COUNT_INCREASED = 1 << 0, MF_ACTION_REQUIRED = 1 << 1, MF_MUST_KILL = 1 << 2, MF_SOFT_OFFLINE = 1 << 3, }; extern int memory_failure(unsigned long pfn, int flags); extern void memory_failure_queue(unsigned long pfn, int flags); extern void memory_failure_queue_kick(int cpu); extern int unpoison_memory(unsigned long pfn); extern int sysctl_memory_failure_early_kill; extern int sysctl_memory_failure_recovery; extern void shake_page(struct page *p, int access); extern atomic_long_t num_poisoned_pages __read_mostly; extern int soft_offline_page(unsigned long pfn, int flags); /* * Error handlers for various types of pages. */ enum mf_result { MF_IGNORED, /* Error: cannot be handled */ MF_FAILED, /* Error: handling failed */ MF_DELAYED, /* Will be handled later */ MF_RECOVERED, /* Successfully recovered */ }; enum mf_action_page_type { MF_MSG_KERNEL, MF_MSG_KERNEL_HIGH_ORDER, MF_MSG_SLAB, MF_MSG_DIFFERENT_COMPOUND, MF_MSG_POISONED_HUGE, MF_MSG_HUGE, MF_MSG_FREE_HUGE, MF_MSG_NON_PMD_HUGE, MF_MSG_UNMAP_FAILED, MF_MSG_DIRTY_SWAPCACHE, MF_MSG_CLEAN_SWAPCACHE, MF_MSG_DIRTY_MLOCKED_LRU, MF_MSG_CLEAN_MLOCKED_LRU, MF_MSG_DIRTY_UNEVICTABLE_LRU, MF_MSG_CLEAN_UNEVICTABLE_LRU, MF_MSG_DIRTY_LRU, MF_MSG_CLEAN_LRU, MF_MSG_TRUNCATED_LRU, MF_MSG_BUDDY, MF_MSG_BUDDY_2ND, MF_MSG_DAX, MF_MSG_UNSPLIT_THP, MF_MSG_UNKNOWN, }; #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) || defined(CONFIG_HUGETLBFS) extern void clear_huge_page(struct page *page, unsigned long addr_hint, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page); extern void copy_user_huge_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, unsigned long addr_hint, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page); extern long copy_huge_page_from_user(struct page *dst_page, const void __user *usr_src, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page, bool allow_pagefault); /** * vma_is_special_huge - Are transhuge page-table entries considered special? * @vma: Pointer to the struct vm_area_struct to consider * * Whether transhuge page-table entries are considered "special" following * the definition in vm_normal_page(). * * Return: true if transhuge page-table entries should be considered special, * false otherwise. */ static inline bool vma_is_special_huge(const struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return vma_is_dax(vma) || (vma->vm_file && (vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP))); } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE || CONFIG_HUGETLBFS */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC extern unsigned int _debug_guardpage_minorder; DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(_debug_guardpage_enabled); static inline unsigned int debug_guardpage_minorder(void) { return _debug_guardpage_minorder; } static inline bool debug_guardpage_enabled(void) { return static_branch_unlikely(&_debug_guardpage_enabled); } static inline bool page_is_guard(struct page *page) { if (!debug_guardpage_enabled()) return false; return PageGuard(page); } #else static inline unsigned int debug_guardpage_minorder(void) { return 0; } static inline bool debug_guardpage_enabled(void) { return false; } static inline bool page_is_guard(struct page *page) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC */ #if MAX_NUMNODES > 1 void __init setup_nr_node_ids(void); #else static inline void setup_nr_node_ids(void) {} #endif extern int memcmp_pages(struct page *page1, struct page *page2); static inline int pages_identical(struct page *page1, struct page *page2) { return !memcmp_pages(page1, page2); } #ifdef CONFIG_MAPPING_DIRTY_HELPERS unsigned long clean_record_shared_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t first_index, pgoff_t nr, pgoff_t bitmap_pgoff, unsigned long *bitmap, pgoff_t *start, pgoff_t *end); unsigned long wp_shared_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t first_index, pgoff_t nr); #endif extern int sysctl_nr_trim_pages; /** * seal_check_future_write - Check for F_SEAL_FUTURE_WRITE flag and handle it * @seals: the seals to check * @vma: the vma to operate on * * Check whether F_SEAL_FUTURE_WRITE is set; if so, do proper check/handling on * the vma flags. Return 0 if check pass, or <0 for errors. */ static inline int seal_check_future_write(int seals, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (seals & F_SEAL_FUTURE_WRITE) { /* * New PROT_WRITE and MAP_SHARED mmaps are not allowed when * "future write" seal active. */ if ((vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) && (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE)) return -EPERM; /* * Since an F_SEAL_FUTURE_WRITE sealed memfd can be mapped as * MAP_SHARED and read-only, take care to not allow mprotect to * revert protections on such mappings. Do this only for shared * mappings. For private mappings, don't need to mask * VM_MAYWRITE as we still want them to be COW-writable. */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) vma->vm_flags &= ~(VM_MAYWRITE); } return 0; } #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #endif /* _LINUX_MM_H */
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_SPINLOCK_H #define __LINUX_SPINLOCK_H /* * include/linux/spinlock.h - generic spinlock/rwlock declarations * * here's the role of the various spinlock/rwlock related include files: * * on SMP builds: * * asm/spinlock_types.h: contains the arch_spinlock_t/arch_rwlock_t and the * initializers * * linux/spinlock_types.h: * defines the generic type and initializers * * asm/spinlock.h: contains the arch_spin_*()/etc. lowlevel * implementations, mostly inline assembly code * * (also included on UP-debug builds:) * * linux/spinlock_api_smp.h: * contains the prototypes for the _spin_*() APIs. * * linux/spinlock.h: builds the final spin_*() APIs. * * on UP builds: * * linux/spinlock_type_up.h: * contains the generic, simplified UP spinlock type. * (which is an empty structure on non-debug builds) * * linux/spinlock_types.h: * defines the generic type and initializers * * linux/spinlock_up.h: * contains the arch_spin_*()/etc. version of UP * builds. (which are NOPs on non-debug, non-preempt * builds) * * (included on UP-non-debug builds:) * * linux/spinlock_api_up.h: * builds the _spin_*() APIs. * * linux/spinlock.h: builds the final spin_*() APIs. */ #include <linux/typecheck.h> #include <linux/preempt.h> #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/irqflags.h> #include <linux/thread_info.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/stringify.h> #include <linux/bottom_half.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <asm/barrier.h> #include <asm/mmiowb.h> /* * Must define these before including other files, inline functions need them */ #define LOCK_SECTION_NAME ".text..lock."KBUILD_BASENAME #define LOCK_SECTION_START(extra) \ ".subsection 1\n\t" \ extra \ ".ifndef " LOCK_SECTION_NAME "\n\t" \ LOCK_SECTION_NAME ":\n\t" \ ".endif\n" #define LOCK_SECTION_END \ ".previous\n\t" #define __lockfunc __section(".spinlock.text") /* * Pull the arch_spinlock_t and arch_rwlock_t definitions: */ #include <linux/spinlock_types.h> /* * Pull the arch_spin*() functions/declarations (UP-nondebug doesn't need them): */ #ifdef CONFIG_SMP # include <asm/spinlock.h> #else # include <linux/spinlock_up.h> #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK extern void __raw_spin_lock_init(raw_spinlock_t *lock, const char *name, struct lock_class_key *key, short inner); # define raw_spin_lock_init(lock) \ do { \ static struct lock_class_key __key; \ \ __raw_spin_lock_init((lock), #lock, &__key, LD_WAIT_SPIN); \ } while (0) #else # define raw_spin_lock_init(lock) \ do { *(lock) = __RAW_SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(lock); } while (0) #endif #define raw_spin_is_locked(lock) arch_spin_is_locked(&(lock)->raw_lock) #ifdef arch_spin_is_contended #define raw_spin_is_contended(lock) arch_spin_is_contended(&(lock)->raw_lock) #else #define raw_spin_is_contended(lock) (((void)(lock), 0)) #endif /*arch_spin_is_contended*/ /* * smp_mb__after_spinlock() provides the equivalent of a full memory barrier * between program-order earlier lock acquisitions and program-order later * memory accesses. * * This guarantees that the following two properties hold: * * 1) Given the snippet: * * { X = 0; Y = 0; } * * CPU0 CPU1 * * WRITE_ONCE(X, 1); WRITE_ONCE(Y, 1); * spin_lock(S); smp_mb(); * smp_mb__after_spinlock(); r1 = READ_ONCE(X); * r0 = READ_ONCE(Y); * spin_unlock(S); * * it is forbidden that CPU0 does not observe CPU1's store to Y (r0 = 0) * and CPU1 does not observe CPU0's store to X (r1 = 0); see the comments * preceding the call to smp_mb__after_spinlock() in __schedule() and in * try_to_wake_up(). * * 2) Given the snippet: * * { X = 0; Y = 0; } * * CPU0 CPU1 CPU2 * * spin_lock(S); spin_lock(S); r1 = READ_ONCE(Y); * WRITE_ONCE(X, 1); smp_mb__after_spinlock(); smp_rmb(); * spin_unlock(S); r0 = READ_ONCE(X); r2 = READ_ONCE(X); * WRITE_ONCE(Y, 1); * spin_unlock(S); * * it is forbidden that CPU0's critical section executes before CPU1's * critical section (r0 = 1), CPU2 observes CPU1's store to Y (r1 = 1) * and CPU2 does not observe CPU0's store to X (r2 = 0); see the comments * preceding the calls to smp_rmb() in try_to_wake_up() for similar * snippets but "projected" onto two CPUs. * * Property (2) upgrades the lock to an RCsc lock. * * Since most load-store architectures implement ACQUIRE with an smp_mb() after * the LL/SC loop, they need no further barriers. Similarly all our TSO * architectures imply an smp_mb() for each atomic instruction and equally don't * need more. * * Architectures that can implement ACQUIRE better need to take care. */ #ifndef smp_mb__after_spinlock #define smp_mb__after_spinlock() do { } while (0) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK extern void do_raw_spin_lock(raw_spinlock_t *lock) __acquires(lock); #define do_raw_spin_lock_flags(lock, flags) do_raw_spin_lock(lock) extern int do_raw_spin_trylock(raw_spinlock_t *lock); extern void do_raw_spin_unlock(raw_spinlock_t *lock) __releases(lock); #else static inline void do_raw_spin_lock(raw_spinlock_t *lock) __acquires(lock) { __acquire(lock); arch_spin_lock(&lock->raw_lock); mmiowb_spin_lock(); } #ifndef arch_spin_lock_flags #define arch_spin_lock_flags(lock, flags) arch_spin_lock(lock) #endif static inline void do_raw_spin_lock_flags(raw_spinlock_t *lock, unsigned long *flags) __acquires(lock) { __acquire(lock); arch_spin_lock_flags(&lock->raw_lock, *flags); mmiowb_spin_lock(); } static inline int do_raw_spin_trylock(raw_spinlock_t *lock) { int ret = arch_spin_trylock(&(lock)->raw_lock); if (ret) mmiowb_spin_lock(); return ret; } static inline void do_raw_spin_unlock(raw_spinlock_t *lock) __releases(lock) { mmiowb_spin_unlock(); arch_spin_unlock(&lock->raw_lock); __release(lock); } #endif /* * Define the various spin_lock methods. Note we define these * regardless of whether CONFIG_SMP or CONFIG_PREEMPTION are set. The * various methods are defined as nops in the case they are not * required. */ #define raw_spin_trylock(lock) __cond_lock(lock, _raw_spin_trylock(lock)) #define raw_spin_lock(lock) _raw_spin_lock(lock) #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC # define raw_spin_lock_nested(lock, subclass) \ _raw_spin_lock_nested(lock, subclass) # define raw_spin_lock_nest_lock(lock, nest_lock) \ do { \ typecheck(struct lockdep_map *, &(nest_lock)->dep_map);\ _raw_spin_lock_nest_lock(lock, &(nest_lock)->dep_map); \ } while (0) #else /* * Always evaluate the 'subclass' argument to avoid that the compiler * warns about set-but-not-used variables when building with * CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC=n and with W=1. */ # define raw_spin_lock_nested(lock, subclass) \ _raw_spin_lock(((void)(subclass), (lock))) # define raw_spin_lock_nest_lock(lock, nest_lock) _raw_spin_lock(lock) #endif #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK) #define raw_spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flags) \ do { \ typecheck(unsigned long, flags); \ flags = _raw_spin_lock_irqsave(lock); \ } while (0) #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC #define raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(lock, flags, subclass) \ do { \ typecheck(unsigned long, flags); \ flags = _raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(lock, subclass); \ } while (0) #else #define raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(lock, flags, subclass) \ do { \ typecheck(unsigned long, flags); \ flags = _raw_spin_lock_irqsave(lock); \ } while (0) #endif #else #define raw_spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flags) \ do { \ typecheck(unsigned long, flags); \ _raw_spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flags); \ } while (0) #define raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(lock, flags, subclass) \ raw_spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flags) #endif #define raw_spin_lock_irq(lock) _raw_spin_lock_irq(lock) #define raw_spin_lock_bh(lock) _raw_spin_lock_bh(lock) #define raw_spin_unlock(lock) _raw_spin_unlock(lock) #define raw_spin_unlock_irq(lock) _raw_spin_unlock_irq(lock) #define raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flags) \ do { \ typecheck(unsigned long, flags); \ _raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flags); \ } while (0) #define raw_spin_unlock_bh(lock) _raw_spin_unlock_bh(lock) #define raw_spin_trylock_bh(lock) \ __cond_lock(lock, _raw_spin_trylock_bh(lock)) #define raw_spin_trylock_irq(lock) \ ({ \ local_irq_disable(); \ raw_spin_trylock(lock) ? \ 1 : ({ local_irq_enable(); 0; }); \ }) #define raw_spin_trylock_irqsave(lock, flags) \ ({ \ local_irq_save(flags); \ raw_spin_trylock(lock) ? \ 1 : ({ local_irq_restore(flags); 0; }); \ }) /* Include rwlock functions */ #include <linux/rwlock.h> /* * Pull the _spin_*()/_read_*()/_write_*() functions/declarations: */ #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK) # include <linux/spinlock_api_smp.h> #else # include <linux/spinlock_api_up.h> #endif /* * Map the spin_lock functions to the raw variants for PREEMPT_RT=n */ static __always_inline raw_spinlock_t *spinlock_check(spinlock_t *lock) { return &lock->rlock; } #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK # define spin_lock_init(lock) \ do { \ static struct lock_class_key __key; \ \ __raw_spin_lock_init(spinlock_check(lock), \ #lock, &__key, LD_WAIT_CONFIG); \ } while (0) #else # define spin_lock_init(_lock) \ do { \ spinlock_check(_lock); \ *(_lock) = __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(_lock); \ } while (0) #endif static __always_inline void spin_lock(spinlock_t *lock) { raw_spin_lock(&lock->rlock); } static __always_inline void spin_lock_bh(spinlock_t *lock) { raw_spin_lock_bh(&lock->rlock); } static __always_inline int spin_trylock(spinlock_t *lock) { return raw_spin_trylock(&lock->rlock); } #define spin_lock_nested(lock, subclass) \ do { \ raw_spin_lock_nested(spinlock_check(lock), subclass); \ } while (0) #define spin_lock_nest_lock(lock, nest_lock) \ do { \ raw_spin_lock_nest_lock(spinlock_check(lock), nest_lock); \ } while (0) static __always_inline void spin_lock_irq(spinlock_t *lock) { raw_spin_lock_irq(&lock->rlock); } #define spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flags) \ do { \ raw_spin_lock_irqsave(spinlock_check(lock), flags); \ } while (0) #define spin_lock_irqsave_nested(lock, flags, subclass) \ do { \ raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(spinlock_check(lock), flags, subclass); \ } while (0) static __always_inline void spin_unlock(spinlock_t *lock) { raw_spin_unlock(&lock->rlock); } static __always_inline void spin_unlock_bh(spinlock_t *lock) { raw_spin_unlock_bh(&lock->rlock); } static __always_inline void spin_unlock_irq(spinlock_t *lock) { raw_spin_unlock_irq(&lock->rlock); } static __always_inline void spin_unlock_irqrestore(spinlock_t *lock, unsigned long flags) { raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&lock->rlock, flags); } static __always_inline int spin_trylock_bh(spinlock_t *lock) { return raw_spin_trylock_bh(&lock->rlock); } static __always_inline int spin_trylock_irq(spinlock_t *lock) { return raw_spin_trylock_irq(&lock->rlock); } #define spin_trylock_irqsave(lock, flags) \ ({ \ raw_spin_trylock_irqsave(spinlock_check(lock), flags); \ }) /** * spin_is_locked() - Check whether a spinlock is locked. * @lock: Pointer to the spinlock. * * This function is NOT required to provide any memory ordering * guarantees; it could be used for debugging purposes or, when * additional synchronization is needed, accompanied with other * constructs (memory barriers) enforcing the synchronization. * * Returns: 1 if @lock is locked, 0 otherwise. * * Note that the function only tells you that the spinlock is * seen to be locked, not that it is locked on your CPU. * * Further, on CONFIG_SMP=n builds with CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK=n, * the return value is always 0 (see include/linux/spinlock_up.h). * Therefore you should not rely heavily on the return value. */ static __always_inline int spin_is_locked(spinlock_t *lock) { return raw_spin_is_locked(&lock->rlock); } static __always_inline int spin_is_contended(spinlock_t *lock) { return raw_spin_is_contended(&lock->rlock); } #define assert_spin_locked(lock) assert_raw_spin_locked(&(lock)->rlock) /* * Pull the atomic_t declaration: * (asm-mips/atomic.h needs above definitions) */ #include <linux/atomic.h> /** * atomic_dec_and_lock - lock on reaching reference count zero * @atomic: the atomic counter * @lock: the spinlock in question * * Decrements @atomic by 1. If the result is 0, returns true and locks * @lock. Returns false for all other cases. */ extern int _atomic_dec_and_lock(atomic_t *atomic, spinlock_t *lock); #define atomic_dec_and_lock(atomic, lock) \ __cond_lock(lock, _atomic_dec_and_lock(atomic, lock)) extern int _atomic_dec_and_lock_irqsave(atomic_t *atomic, spinlock_t *lock, unsigned long *flags); #define atomic_dec_and_lock_irqsave(atomic, lock, flags) \ __cond_lock(lock, _atomic_dec_and_lock_irqsave(atomic, lock, &(flags))) int __alloc_bucket_spinlocks(spinlock_t **locks, unsigned int *lock_mask, size_t max_size, unsigned int cpu_mult, gfp_t gfp, const char *name, struct lock_class_key *key); #define alloc_bucket_spinlocks(locks, lock_mask, max_size, cpu_mult, gfp) \ ({ \ static struct lock_class_key key; \ int ret; \ \ ret = __alloc_bucket_spinlocks(locks, lock_mask, max_size, \ cpu_mult, gfp, #locks, &key); \ ret; \ }) void free_bucket_spinlocks(spinlock_t *locks); #endif /* __LINUX_SPINLOCK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_IO_H #define _ASM_X86_IO_H /* * This file contains the definitions for the x86 IO instructions * inb/inw/inl/outb/outw/outl and the "string versions" of the same * (insb/insw/insl/outsb/outsw/outsl). You can also use "pausing" * versions of the single-IO instructions (inb_p/inw_p/..). * * This file is not meant to be obfuscating: it's just complicated * to (a) handle it all in a way that makes gcc able to optimize it * as well as possible and (b) trying to avoid writing the same thing * over and over again with slight variations and possibly making a * mistake somewhere. */ /* * Thanks to James van Artsdalen for a better timing-fix than * the two short jumps: using outb's to a nonexistent port seems * to guarantee better timings even on fast machines. * * On the other hand, I'd like to be sure of a non-existent port: * I feel a bit unsafe about using 0x80 (should be safe, though) * * Linus */ /* * Bit simplified and optimized by Jan Hubicka * Support of BIGMEM added by Gerhard Wichert, Siemens AG, July 1999. * * isa_memset_io, isa_memcpy_fromio, isa_memcpy_toio added, * isa_read[wl] and isa_write[wl] fixed * - Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@conectiva.com.br> */ #define ARCH_HAS_IOREMAP_WC #define ARCH_HAS_IOREMAP_WT #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <asm/page.h> #include <asm/early_ioremap.h> #include <asm/pgtable_types.h> #define build_mmio_read(name, size, type, reg, barrier) \ static inline type name(const volatile void __iomem *addr) \ { type ret; asm volatile("mov" size " %1,%0":reg (ret) \ :"m" (*(volatile type __force *)addr) barrier); return ret; } #define build_mmio_write(name, size, type, reg, barrier) \ static inline void name(type val, volatile void __iomem *addr) \ { asm volatile("mov" size " %0,%1": :reg (val), \ "m" (*(volatile type __force *)addr) barrier); } build_mmio_read(readb, "b", unsigned char, "=q", :"memory") build_mmio_read(readw, "w", unsigned short, "=r", :"memory") build_mmio_read(readl, "l", unsigned int, "=r", :"memory") build_mmio_read(__readb, "b", unsigned char, "=q", ) build_mmio_read(__readw, "w", unsigned short, "=r", ) build_mmio_read(__readl, "l", unsigned int, "=r", ) build_mmio_write(writeb, "b", unsigned char, "q", :"memory") build_mmio_write(writew, "w", unsigned short, "r", :"memory") build_mmio_write(writel, "l", unsigned int, "r", :"memory") build_mmio_write(__writeb, "b", unsigned char, "q", ) build_mmio_write(__writew, "w", unsigned short, "r", ) build_mmio_write(__writel, "l", unsigned int, "r", ) #define readb readb #define readw readw #define readl readl #define readb_relaxed(a) __readb(a) #define readw_relaxed(a) __readw(a) #define readl_relaxed(a) __readl(a) #define __raw_readb __readb #define __raw_readw __readw #define __raw_readl __readl #define writeb writeb #define writew writew #define writel writel #define writeb_relaxed(v, a) __writeb(v, a) #define writew_relaxed(v, a) __writew(v, a) #define writel_relaxed(v, a) __writel(v, a) #define __raw_writeb __writeb #define __raw_writew __writew #define __raw_writel __writel #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 build_mmio_read(readq, "q", u64, "=r", :"memory") build_mmio_read(__readq, "q", u64, "=r", ) build_mmio_write(writeq, "q", u64, "r", :"memory") build_mmio_write(__writeq, "q", u64, "r", ) #define readq_relaxed(a) __readq(a) #define writeq_relaxed(v, a) __writeq(v, a) #define __raw_readq __readq #define __raw_writeq __writeq /* Let people know that we have them */ #define readq readq #define writeq writeq #endif #define ARCH_HAS_VALID_PHYS_ADDR_RANGE extern int valid_phys_addr_range(phys_addr_t addr, size_t size); extern int valid_mmap_phys_addr_range(unsigned long pfn, size_t size); /** * virt_to_phys - map virtual addresses to physical * @address: address to remap * * The returned physical address is the physical (CPU) mapping for * the memory address given. It is only valid to use this function on * addresses directly mapped or allocated via kmalloc. * * This function does not give bus mappings for DMA transfers. In * almost all conceivable cases a device driver should not be using * this function */ static inline phys_addr_t virt_to_phys(volatile void *address) { return __pa(address); } #define virt_to_phys virt_to_phys /** * phys_to_virt - map physical address to virtual * @address: address to remap * * The returned virtual address is a current CPU mapping for * the memory address given. It is only valid to use this function on * addresses that have a kernel mapping * * This function does not handle bus mappings for DMA transfers. In * almost all conceivable cases a device driver should not be using * this function */ static inline void *phys_to_virt(phys_addr_t address) { return __va(address); } #define phys_to_virt phys_to_virt /* * Change "struct page" to physical address. */ #define page_to_phys(page) ((dma_addr_t)page_to_pfn(page) << PAGE_SHIFT) /* * ISA I/O bus memory addresses are 1:1 with the physical address. * However, we truncate the address to unsigned int to avoid undesirable * promitions in legacy drivers. */ static inline unsigned int isa_virt_to_bus(volatile void *address) { return (unsigned int)virt_to_phys(address); } #define isa_bus_to_virt phys_to_virt /* * However PCI ones are not necessarily 1:1 and therefore these interfaces * are forbidden in portable PCI drivers. * * Allow them on x86 for legacy drivers, though. */ #define virt_to_bus virt_to_phys #define bus_to_virt phys_to_virt /* * The default ioremap() behavior is non-cached; if you need something * else, you probably want one of the following. */ extern void __iomem *ioremap_uc(resource_size_t offset, unsigned long size); #define ioremap_uc ioremap_uc extern void __iomem *ioremap_cache(resource_size_t offset, unsigned long size); #define ioremap_cache ioremap_cache extern void __iomem *ioremap_prot(resource_size_t offset, unsigned long size, unsigned long prot_val); #define ioremap_prot ioremap_prot extern void __iomem *ioremap_encrypted(resource_size_t phys_addr, unsigned long size); #define ioremap_encrypted ioremap_encrypted /** * ioremap - map bus memory into CPU space * @offset: bus address of the memory * @size: size of the resource to map * * ioremap performs a platform specific sequence of operations to * make bus memory CPU accessible via the readb/readw/readl/writeb/ * writew/writel functions and the other mmio helpers. The returned * address is not guaranteed to be usable directly as a virtual * address. * * If the area you are trying to map is a PCI BAR you should have a * look at pci_iomap(). */ void __iomem *ioremap(resource_size_t offset, unsigned long size); #define ioremap ioremap extern void iounmap(volatile void __iomem *addr); #define iounmap iounmap extern void set_iounmap_nonlazy(void); #ifdef __KERNEL__ void memcpy_fromio(void *, const volatile void __iomem *, size_t); void memcpy_toio(volatile void __iomem *, const void *, size_t); void memset_io(volatile void __iomem *, int, size_t); #define memcpy_fromio memcpy_fromio #define memcpy_toio memcpy_toio #define memset_io memset_io #include <asm-generic/iomap.h> /* * ISA space is 'always mapped' on a typical x86 system, no need to * explicitly ioremap() it. The fact that the ISA IO space is mapped * to PAGE_OFFSET is pure coincidence - it does not mean ISA values * are physical addresses. The following constant pointer can be * used as the IO-area pointer (it can be iounmapped as well, so the * analogy with PCI is quite large): */ #define __ISA_IO_base ((char __iomem *)(PAGE_OFFSET)) #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ extern void native_io_delay(void); extern int io_delay_type; extern void io_delay_init(void); #if defined(CONFIG_PARAVIRT) #include <asm/paravirt.h> #else static inline void slow_down_io(void) { native_io_delay(); #ifdef REALLY_SLOW_IO native_io_delay(); native_io_delay(); native_io_delay(); #endif } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_AMD_MEM_ENCRYPT #include <linux/jump_label.h> extern struct static_key_false sev_enable_key; static inline bool sev_key_active(void) { return static_branch_unlikely(&sev_enable_key); } #else /* !CONFIG_AMD_MEM_ENCRYPT */ static inline bool sev_key_active(void) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_AMD_MEM_ENCRYPT */ #define BUILDIO(bwl, bw, type) \ static inline void out##bwl(unsigned type value, int port) \ { \ asm volatile("out" #bwl " %" #bw "0, %w1" \ : : "a"(value), "Nd"(port)); \ } \ \ static inline unsigned type in##bwl(int port) \ { \ unsigned type value; \ asm volatile("in" #bwl " %w1, %" #bw "0" \ : "=a"(value) : "Nd"(port)); \ return value; \ } \ \ static inline void out##bwl##_p(unsigned type value, int port) \ { \ out##bwl(value, port); \ slow_down_io(); \ } \ \ static inline unsigned type in##bwl##_p(int port) \ { \ unsigned type value = in##bwl(port); \ slow_down_io(); \ return value; \ } \ \ static inline void outs##bwl(int port, const void *addr, unsigned long count) \ { \ if (sev_key_active()) { \ unsigned type *value = (unsigned type *)addr; \ while (count) { \ out##bwl(*value, port); \ value++; \ count--; \ } \ } else { \ asm volatile("rep; outs" #bwl \ : "+S"(addr), "+c"(count) \ : "d"(port) : "memory"); \ } \ } \ \ static inline void ins##bwl(int port, void *addr, unsigned long count) \ { \ if (sev_key_active()) { \ unsigned type *value = (unsigned type *)addr; \ while (count) { \ *value = in##bwl(port); \ value++; \ count--; \ } \ } else { \ asm volatile("rep; ins" #bwl \ : "+D"(addr), "+c"(count) \ : "d"(port) : "memory"); \ } \ } BUILDIO(b, b, char) BUILDIO(w, w, short) BUILDIO(l, , int) #define inb inb #define inw inw #define inl inl #define inb_p inb_p #define inw_p inw_p #define inl_p inl_p #define insb insb #define insw insw #define insl insl #define outb outb #define outw outw #define outl outl #define outb_p outb_p #define outw_p outw_p #define outl_p outl_p #define outsb outsb #define outsw outsw #define outsl outsl extern void *xlate_dev_mem_ptr(phys_addr_t phys); extern void unxlate_dev_mem_ptr(phys_addr_t phys, void *addr); #define xlate_dev_mem_ptr xlate_dev_mem_ptr #define unxlate_dev_mem_ptr unxlate_dev_mem_ptr extern int ioremap_change_attr(unsigned long vaddr, unsigned long size, enum page_cache_mode pcm); extern void __iomem *ioremap_wc(resource_size_t offset, unsigned long size); #define ioremap_wc ioremap_wc extern void __iomem *ioremap_wt(resource_size_t offset, unsigned long size); #define ioremap_wt ioremap_wt extern bool is_early_ioremap_ptep(pte_t *ptep); #define IO_SPACE_LIMIT 0xffff #include <asm-generic/io.h> #undef PCI_IOBASE #ifdef CONFIG_MTRR extern int __must_check arch_phys_wc_index(int handle); #define arch_phys_wc_index arch_phys_wc_index extern int __must_check arch_phys_wc_add(unsigned long base, unsigned long size); extern void arch_phys_wc_del(int handle); #define arch_phys_wc_add arch_phys_wc_add #endif #ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAT extern int arch_io_reserve_memtype_wc(resource_size_t start, resource_size_t size); extern void arch_io_free_memtype_wc(resource_size_t start, resource_size_t size); #define arch_io_reserve_memtype_wc arch_io_reserve_memtype_wc #endif extern bool arch_memremap_can_ram_remap(resource_size_t offset, unsigned long size, unsigned long flags); #define arch_memremap_can_ram_remap arch_memremap_can_ram_remap extern bool phys_mem_access_encrypted(unsigned long phys_addr, unsigned long size); /** * iosubmit_cmds512 - copy data to single MMIO location, in 512-bit units * @dst: destination, in MMIO space (must be 512-bit aligned) * @src: source * @count: number of 512 bits quantities to submit * * Submit data from kernel space to MMIO space, in units of 512 bits at a * time. Order of access is not guaranteed, nor is a memory barrier * performed afterwards. * * Warning: Do not use this helper unless your driver has checked that the CPU * instruction is supported on the platform. */ static inline void iosubmit_cmds512(void __iomem *dst, const void *src, size_t count) { const u8 *from = src; const u8 *end = from + count * 64; while (from < end) { movdir64b(dst, from); from += 64; } } #endif /* _ASM_X86_IO_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_PIPE_FS_I_H #define _LINUX_PIPE_FS_I_H #define PIPE_DEF_BUFFERS 16 #define PIPE_BUF_FLAG_LRU 0x01 /* page is on the LRU */ #define PIPE_BUF_FLAG_ATOMIC 0x02 /* was atomically mapped */ #define PIPE_BUF_FLAG_GIFT 0x04 /* page is a gift */ #define PIPE_BUF_FLAG_PACKET 0x08 /* read() as a packet */ #define PIPE_BUF_FLAG_CAN_MERGE 0x10 /* can merge buffers */ #define PIPE_BUF_FLAG_WHOLE 0x20 /* read() must return entire buffer or error */ #ifdef CONFIG_WATCH_QUEUE #define PIPE_BUF_FLAG_LOSS 0x40 /* Message loss happened after this buffer */ #endif /** * struct pipe_buffer - a linux kernel pipe buffer * @page: the page containing the data for the pipe buffer * @offset: offset of data inside the @page * @len: length of data inside the @page * @ops: operations associated with this buffer. See @pipe_buf_operations. * @flags: pipe buffer flags. See above. * @private: private data owned by the ops. **/ struct pipe_buffer { struct page *page; unsigned int offset, len; const struct pipe_buf_operations *ops; unsigned int flags; unsigned long private; }; /** * struct pipe_inode_info - a linux kernel pipe * @mutex: mutex protecting the whole thing * @rd_wait: reader wait point in case of empty pipe * @wr_wait: writer wait point in case of full pipe * @head: The point of buffer production * @tail: The point of buffer consumption * @note_loss: The next read() should insert a data-lost message * @max_usage: The maximum number of slots that may be used in the ring * @ring_size: total number of buffers (should be a power of 2) * @nr_accounted: The amount this pipe accounts for in user->pipe_bufs * @tmp_page: cached released page * @readers: number of current readers of this pipe * @writers: number of current writers of this pipe * @files: number of struct file referring this pipe (protected by ->i_lock) * @r_counter: reader counter * @w_counter: writer counter * @poll_usage: is this pipe used for epoll, which has crazy wakeups? * @fasync_readers: reader side fasync * @fasync_writers: writer side fasync * @bufs: the circular array of pipe buffers * @user: the user who created this pipe * @watch_queue: If this pipe is a watch_queue, this is the stuff for that **/ struct pipe_inode_info { struct mutex mutex; wait_queue_head_t rd_wait, wr_wait; unsigned int head; unsigned int tail; unsigned int max_usage; unsigned int ring_size; #ifdef CONFIG_WATCH_QUEUE bool note_loss; #endif unsigned int nr_accounted; unsigned int readers; unsigned int writers; unsigned int files; unsigned int r_counter; unsigned int w_counter; unsigned int poll_usage; struct page *tmp_page; struct fasync_struct *fasync_readers; struct fasync_struct *fasync_writers; struct pipe_buffer *bufs; struct user_struct *user; #ifdef CONFIG_WATCH_QUEUE struct watch_queue *watch_queue; #endif }; /* * Note on the nesting of these functions: * * ->confirm() * ->try_steal() * * That is, ->try_steal() must be called on a confirmed buffer. See below for * the meaning of each operation. Also see the kerneldoc in fs/pipe.c for the * pipe and generic variants of these hooks. */ struct pipe_buf_operations { /* * ->confirm() verifies that the data in the pipe buffer is there * and that the contents are good. If the pages in the pipe belong * to a file system, we may need to wait for IO completion in this * hook. Returns 0 for good, or a negative error value in case of * error. If not present all pages are considered good. */ int (*confirm)(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct pipe_buffer *); /* * When the contents of this pipe buffer has been completely * consumed by a reader, ->release() is called. */ void (*release)(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct pipe_buffer *); /* * Attempt to take ownership of the pipe buffer and its contents. * ->try_steal() returns %true for success, in which case the contents * of the pipe (the buf->page) is locked and now completely owned by the * caller. The page may then be transferred to a different mapping, the * most often used case is insertion into different file address space * cache. */ bool (*try_steal)(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct pipe_buffer *); /* * Get a reference to the pipe buffer. */ bool (*get)(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct pipe_buffer *); }; /** * pipe_empty - Return true if the pipe is empty * @head: The pipe ring head pointer * @tail: The pipe ring tail pointer */ static inline bool pipe_empty(unsigned int head, unsigned int tail) { return head == tail; } /** * pipe_occupancy - Return number of slots used in the pipe * @head: The pipe ring head pointer * @tail: The pipe ring tail pointer */ static inline unsigned int pipe_occupancy(unsigned int head, unsigned int tail) { return head - tail; } /** * pipe_full - Return true if the pipe is full * @head: The pipe ring head pointer * @tail: The pipe ring tail pointer * @limit: The maximum amount of slots available. */ static inline bool pipe_full(unsigned int head, unsigned int tail, unsigned int limit) { return pipe_occupancy(head, tail) >= limit; } /** * pipe_space_for_user - Return number of slots available to userspace * @head: The pipe ring head pointer * @tail: The pipe ring tail pointer * @pipe: The pipe info structure */ static inline unsigned int pipe_space_for_user(unsigned int head, unsigned int tail, struct pipe_inode_info *pipe) { unsigned int p_occupancy, p_space; p_occupancy = pipe_occupancy(head, tail); if (p_occupancy >= pipe->max_usage) return 0; p_space = pipe->ring_size - p_occupancy; if (p_space > pipe->max_usage) p_space = pipe->max_usage; return p_space; } /** * pipe_buf_get - get a reference to a pipe_buffer * @pipe: the pipe that the buffer belongs to * @buf: the buffer to get a reference to * * Return: %true if the reference was successfully obtained. */ static inline __must_check bool pipe_buf_get(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, struct pipe_buffer *buf) { return buf->ops->get(pipe, buf); } /** * pipe_buf_release - put a reference to a pipe_buffer * @pipe: the pipe that the buffer belongs to * @buf: the buffer to put a reference to */ static inline void pipe_buf_release(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, struct pipe_buffer *buf) { const struct pipe_buf_operations *ops = buf->ops; buf->ops = NULL; ops->release(pipe, buf); } /** * pipe_buf_confirm - verify contents of the pipe buffer * @pipe: the pipe that the buffer belongs to * @buf: the buffer to confirm */ static inline int pipe_buf_confirm(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, struct pipe_buffer *buf) { if (!buf->ops->confirm) return 0; return buf->ops->confirm(pipe, buf); } /** * pipe_buf_try_steal - attempt to take ownership of a pipe_buffer * @pipe: the pipe that the buffer belongs to * @buf: the buffer to attempt to steal */ static inline bool pipe_buf_try_steal(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, struct pipe_buffer *buf) { if (!buf->ops->try_steal) return false; return buf->ops->try_steal(pipe, buf); } /* Differs from PIPE_BUF in that PIPE_SIZE is the length of the actual memory allocation, whereas PIPE_BUF makes atomicity guarantees. */ #define PIPE_SIZE PAGE_SIZE /* Pipe lock and unlock operations */ void pipe_lock(struct pipe_inode_info *); void pipe_unlock(struct pipe_inode_info *); void pipe_double_lock(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct pipe_inode_info *); extern unsigned int pipe_max_size; extern unsigned long pipe_user_pages_hard; extern unsigned long pipe_user_pages_soft; /* Wait for a pipe to be readable/writable while dropping the pipe lock */ void pipe_wait_readable(struct pipe_inode_info *); void pipe_wait_writable(struct pipe_inode_info *); struct pipe_inode_info *alloc_pipe_info(void); void free_pipe_info(struct pipe_inode_info *); /* Generic pipe buffer ops functions */ bool generic_pipe_buf_get(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct pipe_buffer *); bool generic_pipe_buf_try_steal(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct pipe_buffer *); void generic_pipe_buf_release(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct pipe_buffer *); extern const struct pipe_buf_operations nosteal_pipe_buf_ops; #ifdef CONFIG_WATCH_QUEUE unsigned long account_pipe_buffers(struct user_struct *user, unsigned long old, unsigned long new); bool too_many_pipe_buffers_soft(unsigned long user_bufs); bool too_many_pipe_buffers_hard(unsigned long user_bufs); bool pipe_is_unprivileged_user(void); #endif /* for F_SETPIPE_SZ and F_GETPIPE_SZ */ #ifdef CONFIG_WATCH_QUEUE int pipe_resize_ring(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, unsigned int nr_slots); #endif long pipe_fcntl(struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long arg); struct pipe_inode_info *get_pipe_info(struct file *file, bool for_splice); int create_pipe_files(struct file **, int); unsigned int round_pipe_size(unsigned long size); #endif
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