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vmalloc/vfree/ioremap, Tigran Aivazian <tigran@veritas.com>, May 2000 * Major rework to support vmap/vunmap, Christoph Hellwig, SGI, August 2002 * Numa awareness, Christoph Lameter, SGI, June 2005 * Improving global KVA allocator, Uladzislau Rezki, Sony, May 2019 */ #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/proc_fs.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/set_memory.h> #include <linux/debugobjects.h> #include <linux/kallsyms.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/notifier.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/xarray.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/pfn.h> #include <linux/kmemleak.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/llist.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/rbtree_augmented.h> #include <linux/overflow.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include <asm/shmparam.h> #include "internal.h" #include "pgalloc-track.h" bool is_vmalloc_addr(const void *x) { unsigned long addr = (unsigned long)x; return addr >= VMALLOC_START && addr < VMALLOC_END; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(is_vmalloc_addr); struct vfree_deferred { struct llist_head list; struct work_struct wq; }; static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct vfree_deferred, vfree_deferred); static void __vunmap(const void *, int); static void free_work(struct work_struct *w) { struct vfree_deferred *p = container_of(w, struct vfree_deferred, wq); struct llist_node *t, *llnode; llist_for_each_safe(llnode, t, llist_del_all(&p->list)) __vunmap((void *)llnode, 1); } /*** Page table manipulation functions ***/ static void vunmap_pte_range(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pte_t *pte; pte = pte_offset_kernel(pmd, addr); do { pte_t ptent = ptep_get_and_clear(&init_mm, addr, pte); WARN_ON(!pte_none(ptent) && !pte_present(ptent)); } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); *mask |= PGTBL_PTE_MODIFIED; } static void vunmap_pmd_range(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; int cleared; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); cleared = pmd_clear_huge(pmd); if (cleared || pmd_bad(*pmd)) *mask |= PGTBL_PMD_MODIFIED; if (cleared) continue; if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd)) continue; vunmap_pte_range(pmd, addr, next, mask); cond_resched(); } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); } static void vunmap_pud_range(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; int cleared; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); cleared = pud_clear_huge(pud); if (cleared || pud_bad(*pud)) *mask |= PGTBL_PUD_MODIFIED; if (cleared) continue; if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) continue; vunmap_pmd_range(pud, addr, next, mask); } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); } static void vunmap_p4d_range(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; int cleared; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); cleared = p4d_clear_huge(p4d); if (cleared || p4d_bad(*p4d)) *mask |= PGTBL_P4D_MODIFIED; if (cleared) continue; if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) continue; vunmap_pud_range(p4d, addr, next, mask); } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); } /** * unmap_kernel_range_noflush - unmap kernel VM area * @start: start of the VM area to unmap * @size: size of the VM area to unmap * * Unmap PFN_UP(@size) pages at @addr. The VM area @addr and @size specify * should have been allocated using get_vm_area() and its friends. * * NOTE: * This function does NOT do any cache flushing. The caller is responsible * for calling flush_cache_vunmap() on to-be-mapped areas before calling this * function and flush_tlb_kernel_range() after. */ void unmap_kernel_range_noflush(unsigned long start, unsigned long size) { unsigned long end = start + size; unsigned long next; pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long addr = start; pgtbl_mod_mask mask = 0; BUG_ON(addr >= end); pgd = pgd_offset_k(addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_bad(*pgd)) mask |= PGTBL_PGD_MODIFIED; if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; vunmap_p4d_range(pgd, addr, next, &mask); } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (mask & ARCH_PAGE_TABLE_SYNC_MASK) arch_sync_kernel_mappings(start, end); } static int vmap_pte_range(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages, int *nr, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pte_t *pte; /* * nr is a running index into the array which helps higher level * callers keep track of where we're up to. */ pte = pte_alloc_kernel_track(pmd, addr, mask); if (!pte) return -ENOMEM; do { struct page *page = pages[*nr]; if (WARN_ON(!pte_none(*pte))) return -EBUSY; if (WARN_ON(!page)) return -ENOMEM; set_pte_at(&init_mm, addr, pte, mk_pte(page, prot)); (*nr)++; } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); *mask |= PGTBL_PTE_MODIFIED; return 0; } static int vmap_pmd_range(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages, int *nr, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; pmd = pmd_alloc_track(&init_mm, pud, addr, mask); if (!pmd) return -ENOMEM; do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (vmap_pte_range(pmd, addr, next, prot, pages, nr, mask)) return -ENOMEM; } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static int vmap_pud_range(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages, int *nr, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; pud = pud_alloc_track(&init_mm, p4d, addr, mask); if (!pud) return -ENOMEM; do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (vmap_pmd_range(pud, addr, next, prot, pages, nr, mask)) return -ENOMEM; } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static int vmap_p4d_range(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages, int *nr, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; p4d = p4d_alloc_track(&init_mm, pgd, addr, mask); if (!p4d) return -ENOMEM; do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (vmap_pud_range(p4d, addr, next, prot, pages, nr, mask)) return -ENOMEM; } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } /** * map_kernel_range_noflush - map kernel VM area with the specified pages * @addr: start of the VM area to map * @size: size of the VM area to map * @prot: page protection flags to use * @pages: pages to map * * Map PFN_UP(@size) pages at @addr. The VM area @addr and @size specify should * have been allocated using get_vm_area() and its friends. * * NOTE: * This function does NOT do any cache flushing. The caller is responsible for * calling flush_cache_vmap() on to-be-mapped areas before calling this * function. * * RETURNS: * 0 on success, -errno on failure. */ int map_kernel_range_noflush(unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages) { unsigned long start = addr; unsigned long end = addr + size; unsigned long next; pgd_t *pgd; int err = 0; int nr = 0; pgtbl_mod_mask mask = 0; BUG_ON(addr >= end); pgd = pgd_offset_k(addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_bad(*pgd)) mask |= PGTBL_PGD_MODIFIED; err = vmap_p4d_range(pgd, addr, next, prot, pages, &nr, &mask); if (err) return err; } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (mask & ARCH_PAGE_TABLE_SYNC_MASK) arch_sync_kernel_mappings(start, end); return 0; } int map_kernel_range(unsigned long start, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages) { int ret; ret = map_kernel_range_noflush(start, size, prot, pages); flush_cache_vmap(start, start + size); return ret; } int is_vmalloc_or_module_addr(const void *x) { /* * ARM, x86-64 and sparc64 put modules in a special place, * and fall back on vmalloc() if that fails. Others * just put it in the vmalloc space. */ #if defined(CONFIG_MODULES) && defined(MODULES_VADDR) unsigned long addr = (unsigned long)x; if (addr >= MODULES_VADDR && addr < MODULES_END) return 1; #endif return is_vmalloc_addr(x); } /* * Walk a vmap address to the struct page it maps. */ struct page *vmalloc_to_page(const void *vmalloc_addr) { unsigned long addr = (unsigned long) vmalloc_addr; struct page *page = NULL; pgd_t *pgd = pgd_offset_k(addr); p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pte_t *ptep, pte; /* * XXX we might need to change this if we add VIRTUAL_BUG_ON for * architectures that do not vmalloc module space */ VIRTUAL_BUG_ON(!is_vmalloc_or_module_addr(vmalloc_addr)); if (pgd_none(*pgd)) return NULL; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); if (p4d_none(*p4d)) return NULL; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); /* * Don't dereference bad PUD or PMD (below) entries. This will also * identify huge mappings, which we may encounter on architectures * that define CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_VMAP=y. Such regions will be * identified as vmalloc addresses by is_vmalloc_addr(), but are * not [unambiguously] associated with a struct page, so there is * no correct value to return for them. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(pud_bad(*pud)); if (pud_none(*pud) || pud_bad(*pud)) return NULL; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); WARN_ON_ONCE(pmd_bad(*pmd)); if (pmd_none(*pmd) || pmd_bad(*pmd)) return NULL; ptep = pte_offset_map(pmd, addr); pte = *ptep; if (pte_present(pte)) page = pte_page(pte); pte_unmap(ptep); return page; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmalloc_to_page); /* * Map a vmalloc()-space virtual address to the physical page frame number. */ unsigned long vmalloc_to_pfn(const void *vmalloc_addr) { return page_to_pfn(vmalloc_to_page(vmalloc_addr)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmalloc_to_pfn); /*** Global kva allocator ***/ #define DEBUG_AUGMENT_PROPAGATE_CHECK 0 #define DEBUG_AUGMENT_LOWEST_MATCH_CHECK 0 static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(vmap_area_lock); static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(free_vmap_area_lock); /* Export for kexec only */ LIST_HEAD(vmap_area_list); static LLIST_HEAD(vmap_purge_list); static struct rb_root vmap_area_root = RB_ROOT; static bool vmap_initialized __read_mostly; /* * This kmem_cache is used for vmap_area objects. Instead of * allocating from slab we reuse an object from this cache to * make things faster. Especially in "no edge" splitting of * free block. */ static struct kmem_cache *vmap_area_cachep; /* * This linked list is used in pair with free_vmap_area_root. * It gives O(1) access to prev/next to perform fast coalescing. */ static LIST_HEAD(free_vmap_area_list); /* * This augment red-black tree represents the free vmap space. * All vmap_area objects in this tree are sorted by va->va_start * address. It is used for allocation and merging when a vmap * object is released. * * Each vmap_area node contains a maximum available free block * of its sub-tree, right or left. Therefore it is possible to * find a lowest match of free area. */ static struct rb_root free_vmap_area_root = RB_ROOT; /* * Preload a CPU with one object for "no edge" split case. The * aim is to get rid of allocations from the atomic context, thus * to use more permissive allocation masks. */ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct vmap_area *, ne_fit_preload_node); static __always_inline unsigned long va_size(struct vmap_area *va) { return (va->va_end - va->va_start); } static __always_inline unsigned long get_subtree_max_size(struct rb_node *node) { struct vmap_area *va; va = rb_entry_safe(node, struct vmap_area, rb_node); return va ? va->subtree_max_size : 0; } /* * Gets called when remove the node and rotate. */ static __always_inline unsigned long compute_subtree_max_size(struct vmap_area *va) { return max3(va_size(va), get_subtree_max_size(va->rb_node.rb_left), get_subtree_max_size(va->rb_node.rb_right)); } RB_DECLARE_CALLBACKS_MAX(static, free_vmap_area_rb_augment_cb, struct vmap_area, rb_node, unsigned long, subtree_max_size, va_size) static void purge_vmap_area_lazy(void); static BLOCKING_NOTIFIER_HEAD(vmap_notify_list); static unsigned long lazy_max_pages(void); static atomic_long_t nr_vmalloc_pages; unsigned long vmalloc_nr_pages(void) { return atomic_long_read(&nr_vmalloc_pages); } static struct vmap_area *__find_vmap_area(unsigned long addr) { struct rb_node *n = vmap_area_root.rb_node; while (n) { struct vmap_area *va; va = rb_entry(n, struct vmap_area, rb_node); if (addr < va->va_start) n = n->rb_left; else if (addr >= va->va_end) n = n->rb_right; else return va; } return NULL; } /* * This function returns back addresses of parent node * and its left or right link for further processing. * * Otherwise NULL is returned. In that case all further * steps regarding inserting of conflicting overlap range * have to be declined and actually considered as a bug. */ static __always_inline struct rb_node ** find_va_links(struct vmap_area *va, struct rb_root *root, struct rb_node *from, struct rb_node **parent) { struct vmap_area *tmp_va; struct rb_node **link; if (root) { link = &root->rb_node; if (unlikely(!*link)) { *parent = NULL; return link; } } else { link = &from; } /* * Go to the bottom of the tree. When we hit the last point * we end up with parent rb_node and correct direction, i name * it link, where the new va->rb_node will be attached to. */ do { tmp_va = rb_entry(*link, struct vmap_area, rb_node); /* * During the traversal we also do some sanity check. * Trigger the BUG() if there are sides(left/right) * or full overlaps. */ if (va->va_start < tmp_va->va_end && va->va_end <= tmp_va->va_start) link = &(*link)->rb_left; else if (va->va_end > tmp_va->va_start && va->va_start >= tmp_va->va_end) link = &(*link)->rb_right; else { WARN(1, "vmalloc bug: 0x%lx-0x%lx overlaps with 0x%lx-0x%lx\n", va->va_start, va->va_end, tmp_va->va_start, tmp_va->va_end); return NULL; } } while (*link); *parent = &tmp_va->rb_node; return link; } static __always_inline struct list_head * get_va_next_sibling(struct rb_node *parent, struct rb_node **link) { struct list_head *list; if (unlikely(!parent)) /* * The red-black tree where we try to find VA neighbors * before merging or inserting is empty, i.e. it means * there is no free vmap space. Normally it does not * happen but we handle this case anyway. */ return NULL; list = &rb_entry(parent, struct vmap_area, rb_node)->list; return (&parent->rb_right == link ? list->next : list); } static __always_inline void link_va(struct vmap_area *va, struct rb_root *root, struct rb_node *parent, struct rb_node **link, struct list_head *head) { /* * VA is still not in the list, but we can * identify its future previous list_head node. */ if (likely(parent)) { head = &rb_entry(parent, struct vmap_area, rb_node)->list; if (&parent->rb_right != link) head = head->prev; } /* Insert to the rb-tree */ rb_link_node(&va->rb_node, parent, link); if (root == &free_vmap_area_root) { /* * Some explanation here. Just perform simple insertion * to the tree. We do not set va->subtree_max_size to * its current size before calling rb_insert_augmented(). * It is because of we populate the tree from the bottom * to parent levels when the node _is_ in the tree. * * Therefore we set subtree_max_size to zero after insertion, * to let __augment_tree_propagate_from() puts everything to * the correct order later on. */ rb_insert_augmented(&va->rb_node, root, &free_vmap_area_rb_augment_cb); va->subtree_max_size = 0; } else { rb_insert_color(&va->rb_node, root); } /* Address-sort this list */ list_add(&va->list, head); } static __always_inline void unlink_va(struct vmap_area *va, struct rb_root *root) { if (WARN_ON(RB_EMPTY_NODE(&va->rb_node))) return; if (root == &free_vmap_area_root) rb_erase_augmented(&va->rb_node, root, &free_vmap_area_rb_augment_cb); else rb_erase(&va->rb_node, root); list_del(&va->list); RB_CLEAR_NODE(&va->rb_node); } #if DEBUG_AUGMENT_PROPAGATE_CHECK static void augment_tree_propagate_check(void) { struct vmap_area *va; unsigned long computed_size; list_for_each_entry(va, &free_vmap_area_list, list) { computed_size = compute_subtree_max_size(va); if (computed_size != va->subtree_max_size) pr_emerg("tree is corrupted: %lu, %lu\n", va_size(va), va->subtree_max_size); } } #endif /* * This function populates subtree_max_size from bottom to upper * levels starting from VA point. The propagation must be done * when VA size is modified by changing its va_start/va_end. Or * in case of newly inserting of VA to the tree. * * It means that __augment_tree_propagate_from() must be called: * - After VA has been inserted to the tree(free path); * - After VA has been shrunk(allocation path); * - After VA has been increased(merging path). * * Please note that, it does not mean that upper parent nodes * and their subtree_max_size are recalculated all the time up * to the root node. * * 4--8 * /\ * / \ * / \ * 2--2 8--8 * * For example if we modify the node 4, shrinking it to 2, then * no any modification is required. If we shrink the node 2 to 1 * its subtree_max_size is updated only, and set to 1. If we shrink * the node 8 to 6, then its subtree_max_size is set to 6 and parent * node becomes 4--6. */ static __always_inline void augment_tree_propagate_from(struct vmap_area *va) { /* * Populate the tree from bottom towards the root until * the calculated maximum available size of checked node * is equal to its current one. */ free_vmap_area_rb_augment_cb_propagate(&va->rb_node, NULL); #if DEBUG_AUGMENT_PROPAGATE_CHECK augment_tree_propagate_check(); #endif } static void insert_vmap_area(struct vmap_area *va, struct rb_root *root, struct list_head *head) { struct rb_node **link; struct rb_node *parent; link = find_va_links(va, root, NULL, &parent); if (link) link_va(va, root, parent, link, head); } static void insert_vmap_area_augment(struct vmap_area *va, struct rb_node *from, struct rb_root *root, struct list_head *head) { struct rb_node **link; struct rb_node *parent; if (from) link = find_va_links(va, NULL, from, &parent); else link = find_va_links(va, root, NULL, &parent); if (link) { link_va(va, root, parent, link, head); augment_tree_propagate_from(va); } } /* * Merge de-allocated chunk of VA memory with previous * and next free blocks. If coalesce is not done a new * free area is inserted. If VA has been merged, it is * freed. * * Please note, it can return NULL in case of overlap * ranges, followed by WARN() report. Despite it is a * buggy behaviour, a system can be alive and keep * ongoing. */ static __always_inline struct vmap_area * merge_or_add_vmap_area(struct vmap_area *va, struct rb_root *root, struct list_head *head) { struct vmap_area *sibling; struct list_head *next; struct rb_node **link; struct rb_node *parent; bool merged = false; /* * Find a place in the tree where VA potentially will be * inserted, unless it is merged with its sibling/siblings. */ link = find_va_links(va, root, NULL, &parent); if (!link) return NULL; /* * Get next node of VA to check if merging can be done. */ next = get_va_next_sibling(parent, link); if (unlikely(next == NULL)) goto insert; /* * start end * | | * |<------VA------>|<-----Next----->| * | | * start end */ if (next != head) { sibling = list_entry(next, struct vmap_area, list); if (sibling->va_start == va->va_end) { sibling->va_start = va->va_start; /* Free vmap_area object. */ kmem_cache_free(vmap_area_cachep, va); /* Point to the new merged area. */ va = sibling; merged = true; } } /* * start end * | | * |<-----Prev----->|<------VA------>| * | | * start end */ if (next->prev != head) { sibling = list_entry(next->prev, struct vmap_area, list); if (sibling->va_end == va->va_start) { /* * If both neighbors are coalesced, it is important * to unlink the "next" node first, followed by merging * with "previous" one. Otherwise the tree might not be * fully populated if a sibling's augmented value is * "normalized" because of rotation operations. */ if (merged) unlink_va(va, root); sibling->va_end = va->va_end; /* Free vmap_area object. */ kmem_cache_free(vmap_area_cachep, va); /* Point to the new merged area. */ va = sibling; merged = true; } } insert: if (!merged) link_va(va, root, parent, link, head); /* * Last step is to check and update the tree. */ augment_tree_propagate_from(va); return va; } static __always_inline bool is_within_this_va(struct vmap_area *va, unsigned long size, unsigned long align, unsigned long vstart) { unsigned long nva_start_addr; if (va->va_start > vstart) nva_start_addr = ALIGN(va->va_start, align); else nva_start_addr = ALIGN(vstart, align); /* Can be overflowed due to big size or alignment. */ if (nva_start_addr + size < nva_start_addr || nva_start_addr < vstart) return false; return (nva_start_addr + size <= va->va_end); } /* * Find the first free block(lowest start address) in the tree, * that will accomplish the request corresponding to passing * parameters. */ static __always_inline struct vmap_area * find_vmap_lowest_match(unsigned long size, unsigned long align, unsigned long vstart) { struct vmap_area *va; struct rb_node *node; unsigned long length; /* Start from the root. */ node = free_vmap_area_root.rb_node; /* Adjust the search size for alignment overhead. */ length = size + align - 1; while (node) { va = rb_entry(node, struct vmap_area, rb_node); if (get_subtree_max_size(node->rb_left) >= length && vstart < va->va_start) { node = node->rb_left; } else { if (is_within_this_va(va, size, align, vstart)) return va; /* * Does not make sense to go deeper towards the right * sub-tree if it does not have a free block that is * equal or bigger to the requested search length. */ if (get_subtree_max_size(node->rb_right) >= length) { node = node->rb_right; continue; } /* * OK. We roll back and find the first right sub-tree, * that will satisfy the search criteria. It can happen * only once due to "vstart" restriction. */ while ((node = rb_parent(node))) { va = rb_entry(node, struct vmap_area, rb_node); if (is_within_this_va(va, size, align, vstart)) return va; if (get_subtree_max_size(node->rb_right) >= length && vstart <= va->va_start) { node = node->rb_right; break; } } } } return NULL; } #if DEBUG_AUGMENT_LOWEST_MATCH_CHECK #include <linux/random.h> static struct vmap_area * find_vmap_lowest_linear_match(unsigned long size, unsigned long align, unsigned long vstart) { struct vmap_area *va; list_for_each_entry(va, &free_vmap_area_list, list) { if (!is_within_this_va(va, size, align, vstart)) continue; return va; } return NULL; } static void find_vmap_lowest_match_check(unsigned long size) { struct vmap_area *va_1, *va_2; unsigned long vstart; unsigned int rnd; get_random_bytes(&rnd, sizeof(rnd)); vstart = VMALLOC_START + rnd; va_1 = find_vmap_lowest_match(size, 1, vstart); va_2 = find_vmap_lowest_linear_match(size, 1, vstart); if (va_1 != va_2) pr_emerg("not lowest: t: 0x%p, l: 0x%p, v: 0x%lx\n", va_1, va_2, vstart); } #endif enum fit_type { NOTHING_FIT = 0, FL_FIT_TYPE = 1, /* full fit */ LE_FIT_TYPE = 2, /* left edge fit */ RE_FIT_TYPE = 3, /* right edge fit */ NE_FIT_TYPE = 4 /* no edge fit */ }; static __always_inline enum fit_type classify_va_fit_type(struct vmap_area *va, unsigned long nva_start_addr, unsigned long size) { enum fit_type type; /* Check if it is within VA. */ if (nva_start_addr < va->va_start || nva_start_addr + size > va->va_end) return NOTHING_FIT; /* Now classify. */ if (va->va_start == nva_start_addr) { if (va->va_end == nva_start_addr + size) type = FL_FIT_TYPE; else type = LE_FIT_TYPE; } else if (va->va_end == nva_start_addr + size) { type = RE_FIT_TYPE; } else { type = NE_FIT_TYPE; } return type; } static __always_inline int adjust_va_to_fit_type(struct vmap_area *va, unsigned long nva_start_addr, unsigned long size, enum fit_type type) { struct vmap_area *lva = NULL; if (type == FL_FIT_TYPE) { /* * No need to split VA, it fully fits. * * | | * V NVA V * |---------------| */ unlink_va(va, &free_vmap_area_root); kmem_cache_free(vmap_area_cachep, va); } else if (type == LE_FIT_TYPE) { /* * Split left edge of fit VA. * * | | * V NVA V R * |-------|-------| */ va->va_start += size; } else if (type == RE_FIT_TYPE) { /* * Split right edge of fit VA. * * | | * L V NVA V * |-------|-------| */ va->va_end = nva_start_addr; } else if (type == NE_FIT_TYPE) { /* * Split no edge of fit VA. * * | | * L V NVA V R * |---|-------|---| */ lva = __this_cpu_xchg(ne_fit_preload_node, NULL); if (unlikely(!lva)) { /* * For percpu allocator we do not do any pre-allocation * and leave it as it is. The reason is it most likely * never ends up with NE_FIT_TYPE splitting. In case of * percpu allocations offsets and sizes are aligned to * fixed align request, i.e. RE_FIT_TYPE and FL_FIT_TYPE * are its main fitting cases. * * There are a few exceptions though, as an example it is * a first allocation (early boot up) when we have "one" * big free space that has to be split. * * Also we can hit this path in case of regular "vmap" * allocations, if "this" current CPU was not preloaded. * See the comment in alloc_vmap_area() why. If so, then * GFP_NOWAIT is used instead to get an extra object for * split purpose. That is rare and most time does not * occur. * * What happens if an allocation gets failed. Basically, * an "overflow" path is triggered to purge lazily freed * areas to free some memory, then, the "retry" path is * triggered to repeat one more time. See more details * in alloc_vmap_area() function. */ lva = kmem_cache_alloc(vmap_area_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT); if (!lva) return -1; } /* * Build the remainder. */ lva->va_start = va->va_start; lva->va_end = nva_start_addr; /* * Shrink this VA to remaining size. */ va->va_start = nva_start_addr + size; } else { return -1; } if (type != FL_FIT_TYPE) { augment_tree_propagate_from(va); if (lva) /* type == NE_FIT_TYPE */ insert_vmap_area_augment(lva, &va->rb_node, &free_vmap_area_root, &free_vmap_area_list); } return 0; } /* * Returns a start address of the newly allocated area, if success. * Otherwise a vend is returned that indicates failure. */ static __always_inline unsigned long __alloc_vmap_area(unsigned long size, unsigned long align, unsigned long vstart, unsigned long vend) { unsigned long nva_start_addr; struct vmap_area *va; enum fit_type type; int ret; va = find_vmap_lowest_match(size, align, vstart); if (unlikely(!va)) return vend; if (va->va_start > vstart) nva_start_addr = ALIGN(va->va_start, align); else nva_start_addr = ALIGN(vstart, align); /* Check the "vend" restriction. */ if (nva_start_addr + size > vend) return vend; /* Classify what we have found. */ type = classify_va_fit_type(va, nva_start_addr, size); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(type == NOTHING_FIT)) return vend; /* Update the free vmap_area. */ ret = adjust_va_to_fit_type(va, nva_start_addr, size, type); if (ret) return vend; #if DEBUG_AUGMENT_LOWEST_MATCH_CHECK find_vmap_lowest_match_check(size); #endif return nva_start_addr; } /* * Free a region of KVA allocated by alloc_vmap_area */ static void free_vmap_area(struct vmap_area *va) { /* * Remove from the busy tree/list. */ spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock); unlink_va(va, &vmap_area_root); spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock); /* * Insert/Merge it back to the free tree/list. */ spin_lock(&free_vmap_area_lock); merge_or_add_vmap_area(va, &free_vmap_area_root, &free_vmap_area_list); spin_unlock(&free_vmap_area_lock); } /* * Allocate a region of KVA of the specified size and alignment, within the * vstart and vend. */ static struct vmap_area *alloc_vmap_area(unsigned long size, unsigned long align, unsigned long vstart, unsigned long vend, int node, gfp_t gfp_mask) { struct vmap_area *va, *pva; unsigned long addr; int purged = 0; int ret; BUG_ON(!size); BUG_ON(offset_in_page(size)); BUG_ON(!is_power_of_2(align)); if (unlikely(!vmap_initialized)) return ERR_PTR(-EBUSY); might_sleep(); gfp_mask = gfp_mask & GFP_RECLAIM_MASK; va = kmem_cache_alloc_node(vmap_area_cachep, gfp_mask, node); if (unlikely(!va)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); /* * Only scan the relevant parts containing pointers to other objects * to avoid false negatives. */ kmemleak_scan_area(&va->rb_node, SIZE_MAX, gfp_mask); retry: /* * Preload this CPU with one extra vmap_area object. It is used * when fit type of free area is NE_FIT_TYPE. Please note, it * does not guarantee that an allocation occurs on a CPU that * is preloaded, instead we minimize the case when it is not. * It can happen because of cpu migration, because there is a * race until the below spinlock is taken. * * The preload is done in non-atomic context, thus it allows us * to use more permissive allocation masks to be more stable under * low memory condition and high memory pressure. In rare case, * if not preloaded, GFP_NOWAIT is used. * * Set "pva" to NULL here, because of "retry" path. */ pva = NULL; if (!this_cpu_read(ne_fit_preload_node)) /* * Even if it fails we do not really care about that. * Just proceed as it is. If needed "overflow" path * will refill the cache we allocate from. */ pva = kmem_cache_alloc_node(vmap_area_cachep, gfp_mask, node); spin_lock(&free_vmap_area_lock); if (pva && __this_cpu_cmpxchg(ne_fit_preload_node, NULL, pva)) kmem_cache_free(vmap_area_cachep, pva); /* * If an allocation fails, the "vend" address is * returned. Therefore trigger the overflow path. */ addr = __alloc_vmap_area(size, align, vstart, vend); spin_unlock(&free_vmap_area_lock); if (unlikely(addr == vend)) goto overflow; va->va_start = addr; va->va_end = addr + size; va->vm = NULL; spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock); insert_vmap_area(va, &vmap_area_root, &vmap_area_list); spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock); BUG_ON(!IS_ALIGNED(va->va_start, align)); BUG_ON(va->va_start < vstart); BUG_ON(va->va_end > vend); ret = kasan_populate_vmalloc(addr, size); if (ret) { free_vmap_area(va); return ERR_PTR(ret); } return va; overflow: if (!purged) { purge_vmap_area_lazy(); purged = 1; goto retry; } if (gfpflags_allow_blocking(gfp_mask)) { unsigned long freed = 0; blocking_notifier_call_chain(&vmap_notify_list, 0, &freed); if (freed > 0) { purged = 0; goto retry; } } if (!(gfp_mask & __GFP_NOWARN) && printk_ratelimit()) pr_warn("vmap allocation for size %lu failed: use vmalloc=<size> to increase size\n", size); kmem_cache_free(vmap_area_cachep, va); return ERR_PTR(-EBUSY); } int register_vmap_purge_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb) { return blocking_notifier_chain_register(&vmap_notify_list, nb); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_vmap_purge_notifier); int unregister_vmap_purge_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb) { return blocking_notifier_chain_unregister(&vmap_notify_list, nb); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_vmap_purge_notifier); /* * lazy_max_pages is the maximum amount of virtual address space we gather up * before attempting to purge with a TLB flush. * * There is a tradeoff here: a larger number will cover more kernel page tables * and take slightly longer to purge, but it will linearly reduce the number of * global TLB flushes that must be performed. It would seem natural to scale * this number up linearly with the number of CPUs (because vmapping activity * could also scale linearly with the number of CPUs), however it is likely * that in practice, workloads might be constrained in other ways that mean * vmap activity will not scale linearly with CPUs. Also, I want to be * conservative and not introduce a big latency on huge systems, so go with * a less aggressive log scale. It will still be an improvement over the old * code, and it will be simple to change the scale factor if we find that it * becomes a problem on bigger systems. */ static unsigned long lazy_max_pages(void) { unsigned int log; log = fls(num_online_cpus()); return log * (32UL * 1024 * 1024 / PAGE_SIZE); } static atomic_long_t vmap_lazy_nr = ATOMIC_LONG_INIT(0); /* * Serialize vmap purging. There is no actual criticial section protected * by this look, but we want to avoid concurrent calls for performance * reasons and to make the pcpu_get_vm_areas more deterministic. */ static DEFINE_MUTEX(vmap_purge_lock); /* for per-CPU blocks */ static void purge_fragmented_blocks_allcpus(void); /* * called before a call to iounmap() if the caller wants vm_area_struct's * immediately freed. */ void set_iounmap_nonlazy(void) { atomic_long_set(&vmap_lazy_nr, lazy_max_pages()+1); } /* * Purges all lazily-freed vmap areas. */ static bool __purge_vmap_area_lazy(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { unsigned long resched_threshold; struct llist_node *valist; struct vmap_area *va; struct vmap_area *n_va; lockdep_assert_held(&vmap_purge_lock); valist = llist_del_all(&vmap_purge_list); if (unlikely(valist == NULL)) return false; /* * TODO: to calculate a flush range without looping. * The list can be up to lazy_max_pages() elements. */ llist_for_each_entry(va, valist, purge_list) { if (va->va_start < start) start = va->va_start; if (va->va_end > end) end = va->va_end; } flush_tlb_kernel_range(start, end); resched_threshold = lazy_max_pages() << 1; spin_lock(&free_vmap_area_lock); llist_for_each_entry_safe(va, n_va, valist, purge_list) { unsigned long nr = (va->va_end - va->va_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; unsigned long orig_start = va->va_start; unsigned long orig_end = va->va_end; /* * Finally insert or merge lazily-freed area. It is * detached and there is no need to "unlink" it from * anything. */ va = merge_or_add_vmap_area(va, &free_vmap_area_root, &free_vmap_area_list); if (!va) continue; if (is_vmalloc_or_module_addr((void *)orig_start)) kasan_release_vmalloc(orig_start, orig_end, va->va_start, va->va_end); atomic_long_sub(nr, &vmap_lazy_nr); if (atomic_long_read(&vmap_lazy_nr) < resched_threshold) cond_resched_lock(&free_vmap_area_lock); } spin_unlock(&free_vmap_area_lock); return true; } /* * Kick off a purge of the outstanding lazy areas. Don't bother if somebody * is already purging. */ static void try_purge_vmap_area_lazy(void) { if (mutex_trylock(&vmap_purge_lock)) { __purge_vmap_area_lazy(ULONG_MAX, 0); mutex_unlock(&vmap_purge_lock); } } /* * Kick off a purge of the outstanding lazy areas. */ static void purge_vmap_area_lazy(void) { mutex_lock(&vmap_purge_lock); purge_fragmented_blocks_allcpus(); __purge_vmap_area_lazy(ULONG_MAX, 0); mutex_unlock(&vmap_purge_lock); } /* * Free a vmap area, caller ensuring that the area has been unmapped * and flush_cache_vunmap had been called for the correct range * previously. */ static void free_vmap_area_noflush(struct vmap_area *va) { unsigned long nr_lazy; spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock); unlink_va(va, &vmap_area_root); spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock); nr_lazy = atomic_long_add_return((va->va_end - va->va_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT, &vmap_lazy_nr); /* After this point, we may free va at any time */ llist_add(&va->purge_list, &vmap_purge_list); if (unlikely(nr_lazy > lazy_max_pages())) try_purge_vmap_area_lazy(); } /* * Free and unmap a vmap area */ static void free_unmap_vmap_area(struct vmap_area *va) { flush_cache_vunmap(va->va_start, va->va_end); unmap_kernel_range_noflush(va->va_start, va->va_end - va->va_start); if (debug_pagealloc_enabled_static()) flush_tlb_kernel_range(va->va_start, va->va_end); free_vmap_area_noflush(va); } static struct vmap_area *find_vmap_area(unsigned long addr) { struct vmap_area *va; spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock); va = __find_vmap_area(addr); spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock); return va; } /*** Per cpu kva allocator ***/ /* * vmap space is limited especially on 32 bit architectures. Ensure there is * room for at least 16 percpu vmap blocks per CPU. */ /* * If we had a constant VMALLOC_START and VMALLOC_END, we'd like to be able * to #define VMALLOC_SPACE (VMALLOC_END-VMALLOC_START). Guess * instead (we just need a rough idea) */ #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 #define VMALLOC_SPACE (128UL*1024*1024) #else #define VMALLOC_SPACE (128UL*1024*1024*1024) #endif #define VMALLOC_PAGES (VMALLOC_SPACE / PAGE_SIZE) #define VMAP_MAX_ALLOC BITS_PER_LONG /* 256K with 4K pages */ #define VMAP_BBMAP_BITS_MAX 1024 /* 4MB with 4K pages */ #define VMAP_BBMAP_BITS_MIN (VMAP_MAX_ALLOC*2) #define VMAP_MIN(x, y) ((x) < (y) ? (x) : (y)) /* can't use min() */ #define VMAP_MAX(x, y) ((x) > (y) ? (x) : (y)) /* can't use max() */ #define VMAP_BBMAP_BITS \ VMAP_MIN(VMAP_BBMAP_BITS_MAX, \ VMAP_MAX(VMAP_BBMAP_BITS_MIN, \ VMALLOC_PAGES / roundup_pow_of_two(NR_CPUS) / 16)) #define VMAP_BLOCK_SIZE (VMAP_BBMAP_BITS * PAGE_SIZE) struct vmap_block_queue { spinlock_t lock; struct list_head free; }; struct vmap_block { spinlock_t lock; struct vmap_area *va; unsigned long free, dirty; unsigned long dirty_min, dirty_max; /*< dirty range */ struct list_head free_list; struct rcu_head rcu_head; struct list_head purge; }; /* Queue of free and dirty vmap blocks, for allocation and flushing purposes */ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct vmap_block_queue, vmap_block_queue); /* * XArray of vmap blocks, indexed by address, to quickly find a vmap block * in the free path. Could get rid of this if we change the API to return a * "cookie" from alloc, to be passed to free. But no big deal yet. */ static DEFINE_XARRAY(vmap_blocks); /* * We should probably have a fallback mechanism to allocate virtual memory * out of partially filled vmap blocks. However vmap block sizing should be * fairly reasonable according to the vmalloc size, so it shouldn't be a * big problem. */ static unsigned long addr_to_vb_idx(unsigned long addr) { addr -= VMALLOC_START & ~(VMAP_BLOCK_SIZE-1); addr /= VMAP_BLOCK_SIZE; return addr; } static void *vmap_block_vaddr(unsigned long va_start, unsigned long pages_off) { unsigned long addr; addr = va_start + (pages_off << PAGE_SHIFT); BUG_ON(addr_to_vb_idx(addr) != addr_to_vb_idx(va_start)); return (void *)addr; } /** * new_vmap_block - allocates new vmap_block and occupies 2^order pages in this * block. Of course pages number can't exceed VMAP_BBMAP_BITS * @order: how many 2^order pages should be occupied in newly allocated block * @gfp_mask: flags for the page level allocator * * Return: virtual address in a newly allocated block or ERR_PTR(-errno) */ static void *new_vmap_block(unsigned int order, gfp_t gfp_mask) { struct vmap_block_queue *vbq; struct vmap_block *vb; struct vmap_area *va; unsigned long vb_idx; int node, err; void *vaddr; node = numa_node_id(); vb = kmalloc_node(sizeof(struct vmap_block), gfp_mask & GFP_RECLAIM_MASK, node); if (unlikely(!vb)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); va = alloc_vmap_area(VMAP_BLOCK_SIZE, VMAP_BLOCK_SIZE, VMALLOC_START, VMALLOC_END, node, gfp_mask); if (IS_ERR(va)) { kfree(vb); return ERR_CAST(va); } vaddr = vmap_block_vaddr(va->va_start, 0); spin_lock_init(&vb->lock); vb->va = va; /* At least something should be left free */ BUG_ON(VMAP_BBMAP_BITS <= (1UL << order)); vb->free = VMAP_BBMAP_BITS - (1UL << order); vb->dirty = 0; vb->dirty_min = VMAP_BBMAP_BITS; vb->dirty_max = 0; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&vb->free_list); vb_idx = addr_to_vb_idx(va->va_start); err = xa_insert(&vmap_blocks, vb_idx, vb, gfp_mask); if (err) { kfree(vb); free_vmap_area(va); return ERR_PTR(err); } vbq = &get_cpu_var(vmap_block_queue); spin_lock(&vbq->lock); list_add_tail_rcu(&vb->free_list, &vbq->free); spin_unlock(&vbq->lock); put_cpu_var(vmap_block_queue); return vaddr; } static void free_vmap_block(struct vmap_block *vb) { struct vmap_block *tmp; tmp = xa_erase(&vmap_blocks, addr_to_vb_idx(vb->va->va_start)); BUG_ON(tmp != vb); free_vmap_area_noflush(vb->va); kfree_rcu(vb, rcu_head); } static void purge_fragmented_blocks(int cpu) { LIST_HEAD(purge); struct vmap_block *vb; struct vmap_block *n_vb; struct vmap_block_queue *vbq = &per_cpu(vmap_block_queue, cpu); rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(vb, &vbq->free, free_list) { if (!(vb->free + vb->dirty == VMAP_BBMAP_BITS && vb->dirty != VMAP_BBMAP_BITS)) continue; spin_lock(&vb->lock); if (vb->free + vb->dirty == VMAP_BBMAP_BITS && vb->dirty != VMAP_BBMAP_BITS) { vb->free = 0; /* prevent further allocs after releasing lock */ vb->dirty = VMAP_BBMAP_BITS; /* prevent purging it again */ vb->dirty_min = 0; vb->dirty_max = VMAP_BBMAP_BITS; spin_lock(&vbq->lock); list_del_rcu(&vb->free_list); spin_unlock(&vbq->lock); spin_unlock(&vb->lock); list_add_tail(&vb->purge, &purge); } else spin_unlock(&vb->lock); } rcu_read_unlock(); list_for_each_entry_safe(vb, n_vb, &purge, purge) { list_del(&vb->purge); free_vmap_block(vb); } } static void purge_fragmented_blocks_allcpus(void) { int cpu; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) purge_fragmented_blocks(cpu); } static void *vb_alloc(unsigned long size, gfp_t gfp_mask) { struct vmap_block_queue *vbq; struct vmap_block *vb; void *vaddr = NULL; unsigned int order; BUG_ON(offset_in_page(size)); BUG_ON(size > PAGE_SIZE*VMAP_MAX_ALLOC); if (WARN_ON(size == 0)) { /* * Allocating 0 bytes isn't what caller wants since * get_order(0) returns funny result. Just warn and terminate * early. */ return NULL; } order = get_order(size); rcu_read_lock(); vbq = &get_cpu_var(vmap_block_queue); list_for_each_entry_rcu(vb, &vbq->free, free_list) { unsigned long pages_off; spin_lock(&vb->lock); if (vb->free < (1UL << order)) { spin_unlock(&vb->lock); continue; } pages_off = VMAP_BBMAP_BITS - vb->free; vaddr = vmap_block_vaddr(vb->va->va_start, pages_off); vb->free -= 1UL << order; if (vb->free == 0) { spin_lock(&vbq->lock); list_del_rcu(&vb->free_list); spin_unlock(&vbq->lock); } spin_unlock(&vb->lock); break; } put_cpu_var(vmap_block_queue); rcu_read_unlock(); /* Allocate new block if nothing was found */ if (!vaddr) vaddr = new_vmap_block(order, gfp_mask); return vaddr; } static void vb_free(unsigned long addr, unsigned long size) { unsigned long offset; unsigned int order; struct vmap_block *vb; BUG_ON(offset_in_page(size)); BUG_ON(size > PAGE_SIZE*VMAP_MAX_ALLOC); flush_cache_vunmap(addr, addr + size); order = get_order(size); offset = (addr & (VMAP_BLOCK_SIZE - 1)) >> PAGE_SHIFT; vb = xa_load(&vmap_blocks, addr_to_vb_idx(addr)); unmap_kernel_range_noflush(addr, size); if (debug_pagealloc_enabled_static()) flush_tlb_kernel_range(addr, addr + size); spin_lock(&vb->lock); /* Expand dirty range */ vb->dirty_min = min(vb->dirty_min, offset); vb->dirty_max = max(vb->dirty_max, offset + (1UL << order)); vb->dirty += 1UL << order; if (vb->dirty == VMAP_BBMAP_BITS) { BUG_ON(vb->free); spin_unlock(&vb->lock); free_vmap_block(vb); } else spin_unlock(&vb->lock); } static void _vm_unmap_aliases(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, int flush) { int cpu; if (unlikely(!vmap_initialized)) return; might_sleep(); for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { struct vmap_block_queue *vbq = &per_cpu(vmap_block_queue, cpu); struct vmap_block *vb; rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(vb, &vbq->free, free_list) { spin_lock(&vb->lock); if (vb->dirty) { unsigned long va_start = vb->va->va_start; unsigned long s, e; s = va_start + (vb->dirty_min << PAGE_SHIFT); e = va_start + (vb->dirty_max << PAGE_SHIFT); start = min(s, start); end = max(e, end); flush = 1; } spin_unlock(&vb->lock); } rcu_read_unlock(); } mutex_lock(&vmap_purge_lock); purge_fragmented_blocks_allcpus(); if (!__purge_vmap_area_lazy(start, end) && flush) flush_tlb_kernel_range(start, end); mutex_unlock(&vmap_purge_lock); } /** * vm_unmap_aliases - unmap outstanding lazy aliases in the vmap layer * * The vmap/vmalloc layer lazily flushes kernel virtual mappings primarily * to amortize TLB flushing overheads. What this means is that any page you * have now, may, in a former life, have been mapped into kernel virtual * address by the vmap layer and so there might be some CPUs with TLB entries * still referencing that page (additional to the regular 1:1 kernel mapping). * * vm_unmap_aliases flushes all such lazy mappings. After it returns, we can * be sure that none of the pages we have control over will have any aliases * from the vmap layer. */ void vm_unmap_aliases(void) { unsigned long start = ULONG_MAX, end = 0; int flush = 0; _vm_unmap_aliases(start, end, flush); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vm_unmap_aliases); /** * vm_unmap_ram - unmap linear kernel address space set up by vm_map_ram * @mem: the pointer returned by vm_map_ram * @count: the count passed to that vm_map_ram call (cannot unmap partial) */ void vm_unmap_ram(const void *mem, unsigned int count) { unsigned long size = (unsigned long)count << PAGE_SHIFT; unsigned long addr = (unsigned long)mem; struct vmap_area *va; might_sleep(); BUG_ON(!addr); BUG_ON(addr < VMALLOC_START); BUG_ON(addr > VMALLOC_END); BUG_ON(!PAGE_ALIGNED(addr)); kasan_poison_vmalloc(mem, size); if (likely(count <= VMAP_MAX_ALLOC)) { debug_check_no_locks_freed(mem, size); vb_free(addr, size); return; } va = find_vmap_area(addr); BUG_ON(!va); debug_check_no_locks_freed((void *)va->va_start, (va->va_end - va->va_start)); free_unmap_vmap_area(va); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_unmap_ram); /** * vm_map_ram - map pages linearly into kernel virtual address (vmalloc space) * @pages: an array of pointers to the pages to be mapped * @count: number of pages * @node: prefer to allocate data structures on this node * * If you use this function for less than VMAP_MAX_ALLOC pages, it could be * faster than vmap so it's good. But if you mix long-life and short-life * objects with vm_map_ram(), it could consume lots of address space through * fragmentation (especially on a 32bit machine). You could see failures in * the end. Please use this function for short-lived objects. * * Returns: a pointer to the address that has been mapped, or %NULL on failure */ void *vm_map_ram(struct page **pages, unsigned int count, int node) { unsigned long size = (unsigned long)count << PAGE_SHIFT; unsigned long addr; void *mem; if (likely(count <= VMAP_MAX_ALLOC)) { mem = vb_alloc(size, GFP_KERNEL); if (IS_ERR(mem)) return NULL; addr = (unsigned long)mem; } else { struct vmap_area *va; va = alloc_vmap_area(size, PAGE_SIZE, VMALLOC_START, VMALLOC_END, node, GFP_KERNEL); if (IS_ERR(va)) return NULL; addr = va->va_start; mem = (void *)addr; } kasan_unpoison_vmalloc(mem, size); if (map_kernel_range(addr, size, PAGE_KERNEL, pages) < 0) { vm_unmap_ram(mem, count); return NULL; } return mem; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_map_ram); static struct vm_struct *vmlist __initdata; /** * vm_area_add_early - add vmap area early during boot * @vm: vm_struct to add * * This function is used to add fixed kernel vm area to vmlist before * vmalloc_init() is called. @vm->addr, @vm->size, and @vm->flags * should contain proper values and the other fields should be zero. * * DO NOT USE THIS FUNCTION UNLESS YOU KNOW WHAT YOU'RE DOING. */ void __init vm_area_add_early(struct vm_struct *vm) { struct vm_struct *tmp, **p; BUG_ON(vmap_initialized); for (p = &vmlist; (tmp = *p) != NULL; p = &tmp->next) { if (tmp->addr >= vm->addr) { BUG_ON(tmp->addr < vm->addr + vm->size); break; } else BUG_ON(tmp->addr + tmp->size > vm->addr); } vm->next = *p; *p = vm; } /** * vm_area_register_early - register vmap area early during boot * @vm: vm_struct to register * @align: requested alignment * * This function is used to register kernel vm area before * vmalloc_init() is called. @vm->size and @vm->flags should contain * proper values on entry and other fields should be zero. On return, * vm->addr contains the allocated address. * * DO NOT USE THIS FUNCTION UNLESS YOU KNOW WHAT YOU'RE DOING. */ void __init vm_area_register_early(struct vm_struct *vm, size_t align) { static size_t vm_init_off __initdata; unsigned long addr; addr = ALIGN(VMALLOC_START + vm_init_off, align); vm_init_off = PFN_ALIGN(addr + vm->size) - VMALLOC_START; vm->addr = (void *)addr; vm_area_add_early(vm); } static void vmap_init_free_space(void) { unsigned long vmap_start = 1; const unsigned long vmap_end = ULONG_MAX; struct vmap_area *busy, *free; /* * B F B B B F * -|-----|.....|-----|-----|-----|.....|- * | The KVA space | * |<--------------------------------->| */ list_for_each_entry(busy, &vmap_area_list, list) { if (busy->va_start - vmap_start > 0) { free = kmem_cache_zalloc(vmap_area_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT); if (!WARN_ON_ONCE(!free)) { free->va_start = vmap_start; free->va_end = busy->va_start; insert_vmap_area_augment(free, NULL, &free_vmap_area_root, &free_vmap_area_list); } } vmap_start = busy->va_end; } if (vmap_end - vmap_start > 0) { free = kmem_cache_zalloc(vmap_area_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT); if (!WARN_ON_ONCE(!free)) { free->va_start = vmap_start; free->va_end = vmap_end; insert_vmap_area_augment(free, NULL, &free_vmap_area_root, &free_vmap_area_list); } } } void __init vmalloc_init(void) { struct vmap_area *va; struct vm_struct *tmp; int i; /* * Create the cache for vmap_area objects. */ vmap_area_cachep = KMEM_CACHE(vmap_area, SLAB_PANIC); for_each_possible_cpu(i) { struct vmap_block_queue *vbq; struct vfree_deferred *p; vbq = &per_cpu(vmap_block_queue, i); spin_lock_init(&vbq->lock); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&vbq->free); p = &per_cpu(vfree_deferred, i); init_llist_head(&p->list); INIT_WORK(&p->wq, free_work); } /* Import existing vmlist entries. */ for (tmp = vmlist; tmp; tmp = tmp->next) { va = kmem_cache_zalloc(vmap_area_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!va)) continue; va->va_start = (unsigned long)tmp->addr; va->va_end = va->va_start + tmp->size; va->vm = tmp; insert_vmap_area(va, &vmap_area_root, &vmap_area_list); } /* * Now we can initialize a free vmap space. */ vmap_init_free_space(); vmap_initialized = true; } /** * unmap_kernel_range - unmap kernel VM area and flush cache and TLB * @addr: start of the VM area to unmap * @size: size of the VM area to unmap * * Similar to unmap_kernel_range_noflush() but flushes vcache before * the unmapping and tlb after. */ void unmap_kernel_range(unsigned long addr, unsigned long size) { unsigned long end = addr + size; flush_cache_vunmap(addr, end); unmap_kernel_range_noflush(addr, size); flush_tlb_kernel_range(addr, end); } static inline void setup_vmalloc_vm_locked(struct vm_struct *vm, struct vmap_area *va, unsigned long flags, const void *caller) { vm->flags = flags; vm->addr = (void *)va->va_start; vm->size = va->va_end - va->va_start; vm->caller = caller; va->vm = vm; } static void setup_vmalloc_vm(struct vm_struct *vm, struct vmap_area *va, unsigned long flags, const void *caller) { spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock); setup_vmalloc_vm_locked(vm, va, flags, caller); spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock); } static void clear_vm_uninitialized_flag(struct vm_struct *vm) { /* * Before removing VM_UNINITIALIZED, * we should make sure that vm has proper values. * Pair with smp_rmb() in show_numa_info(). */ smp_wmb(); vm->flags &= ~VM_UNINITIALIZED; } static struct vm_struct *__get_vm_area_node(unsigned long size, unsigned long align, unsigned long flags, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, int node, gfp_t gfp_mask, const void *caller) { struct vmap_area *va; struct vm_struct *area; unsigned long requested_size = size; BUG_ON(in_interrupt()); size = PAGE_ALIGN(size); if (unlikely(!size)) return NULL; if (flags & VM_IOREMAP) align = 1ul << clamp_t(int, get_count_order_long(size), PAGE_SHIFT, IOREMAP_MAX_ORDER); area = kzalloc_node(sizeof(*area), gfp_mask & GFP_RECLAIM_MASK, node); if (unlikely(!area)) return NULL; if (!(flags & VM_NO_GUARD)) size += PAGE_SIZE; va = alloc_vmap_area(size, align, start, end, node, gfp_mask); if (IS_ERR(va)) { kfree(area); return NULL; } kasan_unpoison_vmalloc((void *)va->va_start, requested_size); setup_vmalloc_vm(area, va, flags, caller); return area; } struct vm_struct *__get_vm_area_caller(unsigned long size, unsigned long flags, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, const void *caller) { return __get_vm_area_node(size, 1, flags, start, end, NUMA_NO_NODE, GFP_KERNEL, caller); } /** * get_vm_area - reserve a contiguous kernel virtual area * @size: size of the area * @flags: %VM_IOREMAP for I/O mappings or VM_ALLOC * * Search an area of @size in the kernel virtual mapping area, * and reserved it for out purposes. Returns the area descriptor * on success or %NULL on failure. * * Return: the area descriptor on success or %NULL on failure. */ struct vm_struct *get_vm_area(unsigned long size, unsigned long flags) { return __get_vm_area_node(size, 1, flags, VMALLOC_START, VMALLOC_END, NUMA_NO_NODE, GFP_KERNEL, __builtin_return_address(0)); } struct vm_struct *get_vm_area_caller(unsigned long size, unsigned long flags, const void *caller) { return __get_vm_area_node(size, 1, flags, VMALLOC_START, VMALLOC_END, NUMA_NO_NODE, GFP_KERNEL, caller); } /** * find_vm_area - find a continuous kernel virtual area * @addr: base address * * Search for the kernel VM area starting at @addr, and return it. * It is up to the caller to do all required locking to keep the returned * pointer valid. * * Return: the area descriptor on success or %NULL on failure. */ struct vm_struct *find_vm_area(const void *addr) { struct vmap_area *va; va = find_vmap_area((unsigned long)addr); if (!va) return NULL; return va->vm; } /** * remove_vm_area - find and remove a continuous kernel virtual area * @addr: base address * * Search for the kernel VM area starting at @addr, and remove it. * This function returns the found VM area, but using it is NOT safe * on SMP machines, except for its size or flags. * * Return: the area descriptor on success or %NULL on failure. */ struct vm_struct *remove_vm_area(const void *addr) { struct vmap_area *va; might_sleep(); spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock); va = __find_vmap_area((unsigned long)addr); if (va && va->vm) { struct vm_struct *vm = va->vm; va->vm = NULL; spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock); kasan_free_shadow(vm); free_unmap_vmap_area(va); return vm; } spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock); return NULL; } static inline void set_area_direct_map(const struct vm_struct *area, int (*set_direct_map)(struct page *page)) { int i; for (i = 0; i < area->nr_pages; i++) if (page_address(area->pages[i])) set_direct_map(area->pages[i]); } /* Handle removing and resetting vm mappings related to the vm_struct. */ static void vm_remove_mappings(struct vm_struct *area, int deallocate_pages) { unsigned long start = ULONG_MAX, end = 0; int flush_reset = area->flags & VM_FLUSH_RESET_PERMS; int flush_dmap = 0; int i; remove_vm_area(area->addr); /* If this is not VM_FLUSH_RESET_PERMS memory, no need for the below. */ if (!flush_reset) return; /* * If not deallocating pages, just do the flush of the VM area and * return. */ if (!deallocate_pages) { vm_unmap_aliases(); return; } /* * If execution gets here, flush the vm mapping and reset the direct * map. Find the start and end range of the direct mappings to make sure * the vm_unmap_aliases() flush includes the direct map. */ for (i = 0; i < area->nr_pages; i++) { unsigned long addr = (unsigned long)page_address(area->pages[i]); if (addr) { start = min(addr, start); end = max(addr + PAGE_SIZE, end); flush_dmap = 1; } } /* * Set direct map to something invalid so that it won't be cached if * there are any accesses after the TLB flush, then flush the TLB and * reset the direct map permissions to the default. */ set_area_direct_map(area, set_direct_map_invalid_noflush); _vm_unmap_aliases(start, end, flush_dmap); set_area_direct_map(area, set_direct_map_default_noflush); } static void __vunmap(const void *addr, int deallocate_pages) { struct vm_struct *area; if (!addr) return; if (WARN(!PAGE_ALIGNED(addr), "Trying to vfree() bad address (%p)\n", addr)) return; area = find_vm_area(addr); if (unlikely(!area)) { WARN(1, KERN_ERR "Trying to vfree() nonexistent vm area (%p)\n", addr); return; } debug_check_no_locks_freed(area->addr, get_vm_area_size(area)); debug_check_no_obj_freed(area->addr, get_vm_area_size(area)); kasan_poison_vmalloc(area->addr, get_vm_area_size(area)); vm_remove_mappings(area, deallocate_pages); if (deallocate_pages) { int i; for (i = 0; i < area->nr_pages; i++) { struct page *page = area->pages[i]; BUG_ON(!page); __free_pages(page, 0); } atomic_long_sub(area->nr_pages, &nr_vmalloc_pages); kvfree(area->pages); } kfree(area); return; } static inline void __vfree_deferred(const void *addr) { /* * Use raw_cpu_ptr() because this can be called from preemptible * context. Preemption is absolutely fine here, because the llist_add() * implementation is lockless, so it works even if we are adding to * another cpu's list. schedule_work() should be fine with this too. */ struct vfree_deferred *p = raw_cpu_ptr(&vfree_deferred); if (llist_add((struct llist_node *)addr, &p->list)) schedule_work(&p->wq); } /** * vfree_atomic - release memory allocated by vmalloc() * @addr: memory base address * * This one is just like vfree() but can be called in any atomic context * except NMIs. */ void vfree_atomic(const void *addr) { BUG_ON(in_nmi()); kmemleak_free(addr); if (!addr) return; __vfree_deferred(addr); } static void __vfree(const void *addr) { if (unlikely(in_interrupt())) __vfree_deferred(addr); else __vunmap(addr, 1); } /** * vfree - Release memory allocated by vmalloc() * @addr: Memory base address * * Free the virtually continuous memory area starting at @addr, as obtained * from one of the vmalloc() family of APIs. This will usually also free the * physical memory underlying the virtual allocation, but that memory is * reference counted, so it will not be freed until the last user goes away. * * If @addr is NULL, no operation is performed. * * Context: * May sleep if called *not* from interrupt context. * Must not be called in NMI context (strictly speaking, it could be * if we have CONFIG_ARCH_HAVE_NMI_SAFE_CMPXCHG, but making the calling * conventions for vfree() arch-depenedent would be a really bad idea). */ void vfree(const void *addr) { BUG_ON(in_nmi()); kmemleak_free(addr); might_sleep_if(!in_interrupt()); if (!addr) return; __vfree(addr); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfree); /** * vunmap - release virtual mapping obtained by vmap() * @addr: memory base address * * Free the virtually contiguous memory area starting at @addr, * which was created from the page array passed to vmap(). * * Must not be called in interrupt context. */ void vunmap(const void *addr) { BUG_ON(in_interrupt()); might_sleep(); if (addr) __vunmap(addr, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vunmap); /** * vmap - map an array of pages into virtually contiguous space * @pages: array of page pointers * @count: number of pages to map * @flags: vm_area->flags * @prot: page protection for the mapping * * Maps @count pages from @pages into contiguous kernel virtual space. * If @flags contains %VM_MAP_PUT_PAGES the ownership of the pages array itself * (which must be kmalloc or vmalloc memory) and one reference per pages in it * are transferred from the caller to vmap(), and will be freed / dropped when * vfree() is called on the return value. * * Return: the address of the area or %NULL on failure */ void *vmap(struct page **pages, unsigned int count, unsigned long flags, pgprot_t prot) { struct vm_struct *area; unsigned long size; /* In bytes */ might_sleep(); if (count > totalram_pages()) return NULL; size = (unsigned long)count << PAGE_SHIFT; area = get_vm_area_caller(size, flags, __builtin_return_address(0)); if (!area) return NULL; if (map_kernel_range((unsigned long)area->addr, size, pgprot_nx(prot), pages) < 0) { vunmap(area->addr); return NULL; } if (flags & VM_MAP_PUT_PAGES) { area->pages = pages; area->nr_pages = count; } return area->addr; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmap); #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_PFN struct vmap_pfn_data { unsigned long *pfns; pgprot_t prot; unsigned int idx; }; static int vmap_pfn_apply(pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, void *private) { struct vmap_pfn_data *data = private; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(pfn_valid(data->pfns[data->idx]))) return -EINVAL; *pte = pte_mkspecial(pfn_pte(data->pfns[data->idx++], data->prot)); return 0; } /** * vmap_pfn - map an array of PFNs into virtually contiguous space * @pfns: array of PFNs * @count: number of pages to map * @prot: page protection for the mapping * * Maps @count PFNs from @pfns into contiguous kernel virtual space and returns * the start address of the mapping. */ void *vmap_pfn(unsigned long *pfns, unsigned int count, pgprot_t prot) { struct vmap_pfn_data data = { .pfns = pfns, .prot = pgprot_nx(prot) }; struct vm_struct *area; area = get_vm_area_caller(count * PAGE_SIZE, VM_IOREMAP, __builtin_return_address(0)); if (!area) return NULL; if (apply_to_page_range(&init_mm, (unsigned long)area->addr, count * PAGE_SIZE, vmap_pfn_apply, &data)) { free_vm_area(area); return NULL; } return area->addr; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vmap_pfn); #endif /* CONFIG_VMAP_PFN */ static void *__vmalloc_area_node(struct vm_struct *area, gfp_t gfp_mask, pgprot_t prot, int node) { const gfp_t nested_gfp = (gfp_mask & GFP_RECLAIM_MASK) | __GFP_ZERO; unsigned int nr_pages = get_vm_area_size(area) >> PAGE_SHIFT; unsigned int array_size = nr_pages * sizeof(struct page *), i; struct page **pages; gfp_mask |= __GFP_NOWARN; if (!(gfp_mask & (GFP_DMA | GFP_DMA32))) gfp_mask |= __GFP_HIGHMEM; /* Please note that the recursion is strictly bounded. */ if (array_size > PAGE_SIZE) { pages = __vmalloc_node(array_size, 1, nested_gfp, node, area->caller); } else { pages = kmalloc_node(array_size, nested_gfp, node); } if (!pages) { remove_vm_area(area->addr); kfree(area); return NULL; } area->pages = pages; area->nr_pages = nr_pages; for (i = 0; i < area->nr_pages; i++) { struct page *page; if (node == NUMA_NO_NODE) page = alloc_page(gfp_mask); else page = alloc_pages_node(node, gfp_mask, 0); if (unlikely(!page)) { /* Successfully allocated i pages, free them in __vfree() */ area->nr_pages = i; atomic_long_add(area->nr_pages, &nr_vmalloc_pages); goto fail; } area->pages[i] = page; if (gfpflags_allow_blocking(gfp_mask)) cond_resched(); } atomic_long_add(area->nr_pages, &nr_vmalloc_pages); if (map_kernel_range((unsigned long)area->addr, get_vm_area_size(area), prot, pages) < 0) goto fail; return area->addr; fail: warn_alloc(gfp_mask, NULL, "vmalloc: allocation failure, allocated %ld of %ld bytes", (area->nr_pages*PAGE_SIZE), area->size); __vfree(area->addr); return NULL; } /** * __vmalloc_node_range - allocate virtually contiguous memory * @size: allocation size * @align: desired alignment * @start: vm area range start * @end: vm area range end * @gfp_mask: flags for the page level allocator * @prot: protection mask for the allocated pages * @vm_flags: additional vm area flags (e.g. %VM_NO_GUARD) * @node: node to use for allocation or NUMA_NO_NODE * @caller: caller's return address * * Allocate enough pages to cover @size from the page level * allocator with @gfp_mask flags. Map them into contiguous * kernel virtual space, using a pagetable protection of @prot. * * Return: the address of the area or %NULL on failure */ void *__vmalloc_node_range(unsigned long size, unsigned long align, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, gfp_t gfp_mask, pgprot_t prot, unsigned long vm_flags, int node, const void *caller) { struct vm_struct *area; void *addr; unsigned long real_size = size; size = PAGE_ALIGN(size); if (!size || (size >> PAGE_SHIFT) > totalram_pages()) goto fail; area = __get_vm_area_node(real_size, align, VM_ALLOC | VM_UNINITIALIZED | vm_flags, start, end, node, gfp_mask, caller); if (!area) goto fail; addr = __vmalloc_area_node(area, gfp_mask, prot, node); if (!addr) return NULL; /* * In this function, newly allocated vm_struct has VM_UNINITIALIZED * flag. It means that vm_struct is not fully initialized. * Now, it is fully initialized, so remove this flag here. */ clear_vm_uninitialized_flag(area); kmemleak_vmalloc(area, size, gfp_mask); return addr; fail: warn_alloc(gfp_mask, NULL, "vmalloc: allocation failure: %lu bytes", real_size); return NULL; } /** * __vmalloc_node - allocate virtually contiguous memory * @size: allocation size * @align: desired alignment * @gfp_mask: flags for the page level allocator * @node: node to use for allocation or NUMA_NO_NODE * @caller: caller's return address * * Allocate enough pages to cover @size from the page level allocator with * @gfp_mask flags. Map them into contiguous kernel virtual space. * * Reclaim modifiers in @gfp_mask - __GFP_NORETRY, __GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL * and __GFP_NOFAIL are not supported * * Any use of gfp flags outside of GFP_KERNEL should be consulted * with mm people. * * Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error */ void *__vmalloc_node(unsigned long size, unsigned long align, gfp_t gfp_mask, int node, const void *caller) { return __vmalloc_node_range(size, align, VMALLOC_START, VMALLOC_END, gfp_mask, PAGE_KERNEL, 0, node, caller); } /* * This is only for performance analysis of vmalloc and stress purpose. * It is required by vmalloc test module, therefore do not use it other * than that. */ #ifdef CONFIG_TEST_VMALLOC_MODULE EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__vmalloc_node); #endif void *__vmalloc(unsigned long size, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return __vmalloc_node(size, 1, gfp_mask, NUMA_NO_NODE, __builtin_return_address(0)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__vmalloc); /** * vmalloc - allocate virtually contiguous memory * @size: allocation size * * Allocate enough pages to cover @size from the page level * allocator and map them into contiguous kernel virtual space. * * For tight control over page level allocator and protection flags * use __vmalloc() instead. * * Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error */ void *vmalloc(unsigned long size) { return __vmalloc_node(size, 1, GFP_KERNEL, NUMA_NO_NODE, __builtin_return_address(0)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmalloc); /** * vzalloc - allocate virtually contiguous memory with zero fill * @size: allocation size * * Allocate enough pages to cover @size from the page level * allocator and map them into contiguous kernel virtual space. * The memory allocated is set to zero. * * For tight control over page level allocator and protection flags * use __vmalloc() instead. * * Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error */ void *vzalloc(unsigned long size) { return __vmalloc_node(size, 1, GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO, NUMA_NO_NODE, __builtin_return_address(0)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vzalloc); /** * vmalloc_user - allocate zeroed virtually contiguous memory for userspace * @size: allocation size * * The resulting memory area is zeroed so it can be mapped to userspace * without leaking data. * * Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error */ void *vmalloc_user(unsigned long size) { return __vmalloc_node_range(size, SHMLBA, VMALLOC_START, VMALLOC_END, GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO, PAGE_KERNEL, VM_USERMAP, NUMA_NO_NODE, __builtin_return_address(0)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmalloc_user); /** * vmalloc_node - allocate memory on a specific node * @size: allocation size * @node: numa node * * Allocate enough pages to cover @size from the page level * allocator and map them into contiguous kernel virtual space. * * For tight control over page level allocator and protection flags * use __vmalloc() instead. * * Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error */ void *vmalloc_node(unsigned long size, int node) { return __vmalloc_node(size, 1, GFP_KERNEL, node, __builtin_return_address(0)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmalloc_node); /** * vzalloc_node - allocate memory on a specific node with zero fill * @size: allocation size * @node: numa node * * Allocate enough pages to cover @size from the page level * allocator and map them into contiguous kernel virtual space. * The memory allocated is set to zero. * * Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error */ void *vzalloc_node(unsigned long size, int node) { return __vmalloc_node(size, 1, GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO, node, __builtin_return_address(0)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vzalloc_node); #if defined(CONFIG_64BIT) && defined(CONFIG_ZONE_DMA32) #define GFP_VMALLOC32 (GFP_DMA32 | GFP_KERNEL) #elif defined(CONFIG_64BIT) && defined(CONFIG_ZONE_DMA) #define GFP_VMALLOC32 (GFP_DMA | GFP_KERNEL) #else /* * 64b systems should always have either DMA or DMA32 zones. For others * GFP_DMA32 should do the right thing and use the normal zone. */ #define GFP_VMALLOC32 GFP_DMA32 | GFP_KERNEL #endif /** * vmalloc_32 - allocate virtually contiguous memory (32bit addressable) * @size: allocation size * * Allocate enough 32bit PA addressable pages to cover @size from the * page level allocator and map them into contiguous kernel virtual space. * * Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error */ void *vmalloc_32(unsigned long size) { return __vmalloc_node(size, 1, GFP_VMALLOC32, NUMA_NO_NODE, __builtin_return_address(0)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmalloc_32); /** * vmalloc_32_user - allocate zeroed virtually contiguous 32bit memory * @size: allocation size * * The resulting memory area is 32bit addressable and zeroed so it can be * mapped to userspace without leaking data. * * Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error */ void *vmalloc_32_user(unsigned long size) { return __vmalloc_node_range(size, SHMLBA, VMALLOC_START, VMALLOC_END, GFP_VMALLOC32 | __GFP_ZERO, PAGE_KERNEL, VM_USERMAP, NUMA_NO_NODE, __builtin_return_address(0)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmalloc_32_user); /* * small helper routine , copy contents to buf from addr. * If the page is not present, fill zero. */ static int aligned_vread(char *buf, char *addr, unsigned long count) { struct page *p; int copied = 0; while (count) { unsigned long offset, length; offset = offset_in_page(addr); length = PAGE_SIZE - offset; if (length > count) length = count; p = vmalloc_to_page(addr); /* * To do safe access to this _mapped_ area, we need * lock. But adding lock here means that we need to add * overhead of vmalloc()/vfree() calles for this _debug_ * interface, rarely used. Instead of that, we'll use * kmap() and get small overhead in this access function. */ if (p) { /* * we can expect USER0 is not used (see vread/vwrite's * function description) */ void *map = kmap_atomic(p); memcpy(buf, map + offset, length); kunmap_atomic(map); } else memset(buf, 0, length); addr += length; buf += length; copied += length; count -= length; } return copied; } static int aligned_vwrite(char *buf, char *addr, unsigned long count) { struct page *p; int copied = 0; while (count) { unsigned long offset, length; offset = offset_in_page(addr); length = PAGE_SIZE - offset; if (length > count) length = count; p = vmalloc_to_page(addr); /* * To do safe access to this _mapped_ area, we need * lock. But adding lock here means that we need to add * overhead of vmalloc()/vfree() calles for this _debug_ * interface, rarely used. Instead of that, we'll use * kmap() and get small overhead in this access function. */ if (p) { /* * we can expect USER0 is not used (see vread/vwrite's * function description) */ void *map = kmap_atomic(p); memcpy(map + offset, buf, length); kunmap_atomic(map); } addr += length; buf += length; copied += length; count -= length; } return copied; } /** * vread() - read vmalloc area in a safe way. * @buf: buffer for reading data * @addr: vm address. * @count: number of bytes to be read. * * This function checks that addr is a valid vmalloc'ed area, and * copy data from that area to a given buffer. If the given memory range * of [addr...addr+count) includes some valid address, data is copied to * proper area of @buf. If there are memory holes, they'll be zero-filled. * IOREMAP area is treated as memory hole and no copy is done. * * If [addr...addr+count) doesn't includes any intersects with alive * vm_struct area, returns 0. @buf should be kernel's buffer. * * Note: In usual ops, vread() is never necessary because the caller * should know vmalloc() area is valid and can use memcpy(). * This is for routines which have to access vmalloc area without * any information, as /dev/kmem. * * Return: number of bytes for which addr and buf should be increased * (same number as @count) or %0 if [addr...addr+count) doesn't * include any intersection with valid vmalloc area */ long vread(char *buf, char *addr, unsigned long count) { struct vmap_area *va; struct vm_struct *vm; char *vaddr, *buf_start = buf; unsigned long buflen = count; unsigned long n; /* Don't allow overflow */ if ((unsigned long) addr + count < count) count = -(unsigned long) addr; spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock); list_for_each_entry(va, &vmap_area_list, list) { if (!count) break; if (!va->vm) continue; vm = va->vm; vaddr = (char *) vm->addr; if (addr >= vaddr + get_vm_area_size(vm)) continue; while (addr < vaddr) { if (count == 0) goto finished; *buf = '\0'; buf++; addr++; count--; } n = vaddr + get_vm_area_size(vm) - addr; if (n > count) n = count; if (!(vm->flags & VM_IOREMAP)) aligned_vread(buf, addr, n); else /* IOREMAP area is treated as memory hole */ memset(buf, 0, n); buf += n; addr += n; count -= n; } finished: spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock); if (buf == buf_start) return 0; /* zero-fill memory holes */ if (buf != buf_start + buflen) memset(buf, 0, buflen - (buf - buf_start)); return buflen; } /** * vwrite() - write vmalloc area in a safe way. * @buf: buffer for source data * @addr: vm address. * @count: number of bytes to be read. * * This function checks that addr is a valid vmalloc'ed area, and * copy data from a buffer to the given addr. If specified range of * [addr...addr+count) includes some valid address, data is copied from * proper area of @buf. If there are memory holes, no copy to hole. * IOREMAP area is treated as memory hole and no copy is done. * * If [addr...addr+count) doesn't includes any intersects with alive * vm_struct area, returns 0. @buf should be kernel's buffer. * * Note: In usual ops, vwrite() is never necessary because the caller * should know vmalloc() area is valid and can use memcpy(). * This is for routines which have to access vmalloc area without * any information, as /dev/kmem. * * Return: number of bytes for which addr and buf should be * increased (same number as @count) or %0 if [addr...addr+count) * doesn't include any intersection with valid vmalloc area */ long vwrite(char *buf, char *addr, unsigned long count) { struct vmap_area *va; struct vm_struct *vm; char *vaddr; unsigned long n, buflen; int copied = 0; /* Don't allow overflow */ if ((unsigned long) addr + count < count) count = -(unsigned long) addr; buflen = count; spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock); list_for_each_entry(va, &vmap_area_list, list) { if (!count) break; if (!va->vm) continue; vm = va->vm; vaddr = (char *) vm->addr; if (addr >= vaddr + get_vm_area_size(vm)) continue; while (addr < vaddr) { if (count == 0) goto finished; buf++; addr++; count--; } n = vaddr + get_vm_area_size(vm) - addr; if (n > count) n = count; if (!(vm->flags & VM_IOREMAP)) { aligned_vwrite(buf, addr, n); copied++; } buf += n; addr += n; count -= n; } finished: spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock); if (!copied) return 0; return buflen; } /** * remap_vmalloc_range_partial - map vmalloc pages to userspace * @vma: vma to cover * @uaddr: target user address to start at * @kaddr: virtual address of vmalloc kernel memory * @pgoff: offset from @kaddr to start at * @size: size of map area * * Returns: 0 for success, -Exxx on failure * * This function checks that @kaddr is a valid vmalloc'ed area, * and that it is big enough to cover the range starting at * @uaddr in @vma. Will return failure if that criteria isn't * met. * * Similar to remap_pfn_range() (see mm/memory.c) */ int remap_vmalloc_range_partial(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long uaddr, void *kaddr, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long size) { struct vm_struct *area; unsigned long off; unsigned long end_index; if (check_shl_overflow(pgoff, PAGE_SHIFT, &off)) return -EINVAL; size = PAGE_ALIGN(size); if (!PAGE_ALIGNED(uaddr) || !PAGE_ALIGNED(kaddr)) return -EINVAL; area = find_vm_area(kaddr); if (!area) return -EINVAL; if (!(area->flags & (VM_USERMAP | VM_DMA_COHERENT))) return -EINVAL; if (check_add_overflow(size, off, &end_index) || end_index > get_vm_area_size(area)) return -EINVAL; kaddr += off; do { struct page *page = vmalloc_to_page(kaddr); int ret; ret = vm_insert_page(vma, uaddr, page); if (ret) return ret; uaddr += PAGE_SIZE; kaddr += PAGE_SIZE; size -= PAGE_SIZE; } while (size > 0); vma->vm_flags |= VM_DONTEXPAND | VM_DONTDUMP; return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(remap_vmalloc_range_partial); /** * remap_vmalloc_range - map vmalloc pages to userspace * @vma: vma to cover (map full range of vma) * @addr: vmalloc memory * @pgoff: number of pages into addr before first page to map * * Returns: 0 for success, -Exxx on failure * * This function checks that addr is a valid vmalloc'ed area, and * that it is big enough to cover the vma. Will return failure if * that criteria isn't met. * * Similar to remap_pfn_range() (see mm/memory.c) */ int remap_vmalloc_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, void *addr, unsigned long pgoff) { return remap_vmalloc_range_partial(vma, vma->vm_start, addr, pgoff, vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(remap_vmalloc_range); void free_vm_area(struct vm_struct *area) { struct vm_struct *ret; ret = remove_vm_area(area->addr); BUG_ON(ret != area); kfree(area); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(free_vm_area); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP static struct vmap_area *node_to_va(struct rb_node *n) { return rb_entry_safe(n, struct vmap_area, rb_node); } /** * pvm_find_va_enclose_addr - find the vmap_area @addr belongs to * @addr: target address * * Returns: vmap_area if it is found. If there is no such area * the first highest(reverse order) vmap_area is returned * i.e. va->va_start < addr && va->va_end < addr or NULL * if there are no any areas before @addr. */ static struct vmap_area * pvm_find_va_enclose_addr(unsigned long addr) { struct vmap_area *va, *tmp; struct rb_node *n; n = free_vmap_area_root.rb_node; va = NULL; while (n) { tmp = rb_entry(n, struct vmap_area, rb_node); if (tmp->va_start <= addr) { va = tmp; if (tmp->va_end >= addr) break; n = n->rb_right; } else { n = n->rb_left; } } return va; } /** * pvm_determine_end_from_reverse - find the highest aligned address * of free block below VMALLOC_END * @va: * in - the VA we start the search(reverse order); * out - the VA with the highest aligned end address. * * Returns: determined end address within vmap_area */ static unsigned long pvm_determine_end_from_reverse(struct vmap_area **va, unsigned long align) { unsigned long vmalloc_end = VMALLOC_END & ~(align - 1); unsigned long addr; if (likely(*va)) { list_for_each_entry_from_reverse((*va), &free_vmap_area_list, list) { addr = min((*va)->va_end & ~(align - 1), vmalloc_end); if ((*va)->va_start < addr) return addr; } } return 0; } /** * pcpu_get_vm_areas - allocate vmalloc areas for percpu allocator * @offsets: array containing offset of each area * @sizes: array containing size of each area * @nr_vms: the number of areas to allocate * @align: alignment, all entries in @offsets and @sizes must be aligned to this * * Returns: kmalloc'd vm_struct pointer array pointing to allocated * vm_structs on success, %NULL on failure * * Percpu allocator wants to use congruent vm areas so that it can * maintain the offsets among percpu areas. This function allocates * congruent vmalloc areas for it with GFP_KERNEL. These areas tend to * be scattered pretty far, distance between two areas easily going up * to gigabytes. To avoid interacting with regular vmallocs, these * areas are allocated from top. * * Despite its complicated look, this allocator is rather simple. It * does everything top-down and scans free blocks from the end looking * for matching base. While scanning, if any of the areas do not fit the * base address is pulled down to fit the area. Scanning is repeated till * all the areas fit and then all necessary data structures are inserted * and the result is returned. */ struct vm_struct **pcpu_get_vm_areas(const unsigned long *offsets, const size_t *sizes, int nr_vms, size_t align) { const unsigned long vmalloc_start = ALIGN(VMALLOC_START, align); const unsigned long vmalloc_end = VMALLOC_END & ~(align - 1); struct vmap_area **vas, *va; struct vm_struct **vms; int area, area2, last_area, term_area; unsigned long base, start, size, end, last_end, orig_start, orig_end; bool purged = false; enum fit_type type; /* verify parameters and allocate data structures */ BUG_ON(offset_in_page(align) || !is_power_of_2(align)); for (last_area = 0, area = 0; area < nr_vms; area++) { start = offsets[area]; end = start + sizes[area]; /* is everything aligned properly? */ BUG_ON(!IS_ALIGNED(offsets[area], align)); BUG_ON(!IS_ALIGNED(sizes[area], align)); /* detect the area with the highest address */ if (start > offsets[last_area]) last_area = area; for (area2 = area + 1; area2 < nr_vms; area2++) { unsigned long start2 = offsets[area2]; unsigned long end2 = start2 + sizes[area2]; BUG_ON(start2 < end && start < end2); } } last_end = offsets[last_area] + sizes[last_area]; if (vmalloc_end - vmalloc_start < last_end) { WARN_ON(true); return NULL; } vms = kcalloc(nr_vms, sizeof(vms[0]), GFP_KERNEL); vas = kcalloc(nr_vms, sizeof(vas[0]), GFP_KERNEL); if (!vas || !vms) goto err_free2; for (area = 0; area < nr_vms; area++) { vas[area] = kmem_cache_zalloc(vmap_area_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); vms[area] = kzalloc(sizeof(struct vm_struct), GFP_KERNEL); if (!vas[area] || !vms[area]) goto err_free; } retry: spin_lock(&free_vmap_area_lock); /* start scanning - we scan from the top, begin with the last area */ area = term_area = last_area; start = offsets[area]; end = start + sizes[area]; va = pvm_find_va_enclose_addr(vmalloc_end); base = pvm_determine_end_from_reverse(&va, align) - end; while (true) { /* * base might have underflowed, add last_end before * comparing. */ if (base + last_end < vmalloc_start + last_end) goto overflow; /* * Fitting base has not been found. */ if (va == NULL) goto overflow; /* * If required width exceeds current VA block, move * base downwards and then recheck. */ if (base + end > va->va_end) { base = pvm_determine_end_from_reverse(&va, align) - end; term_area = area; continue; } /* * If this VA does not fit, move base downwards and recheck. */ if (base + start < va->va_start) { va = node_to_va(rb_prev(&va->rb_node)); base = pvm_determine_end_from_reverse(&va, align) - end; term_area = area; continue; } /* * This area fits, move on to the previous one. If * the previous one is the terminal one, we're done. */ area = (area + nr_vms - 1) % nr_vms; if (area == term_area) break; start = offsets[area]; end = start + sizes[area]; va = pvm_find_va_enclose_addr(base + end); } /* we've found a fitting base, insert all va's */ for (area = 0; area < nr_vms; area++) { int ret; start = base + offsets[area]; size = sizes[area]; va = pvm_find_va_enclose_addr(start); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(va == NULL)) /* It is a BUG(), but trigger recovery instead. */ goto recovery; type = classify_va_fit_type(va, start, size); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(type == NOTHING_FIT)) /* It is a BUG(), but trigger recovery instead. */ goto recovery; ret = adjust_va_to_fit_type(va, start, size, type); if (unlikely(ret)) goto recovery; /* Allocated area. */ va = vas[area]; va->va_start = start; va->va_end = start + size; } spin_unlock(&free_vmap_area_lock); /* populate the kasan shadow space */ for (area = 0; area < nr_vms; area++) { if (kasan_populate_vmalloc(vas[area]->va_start, sizes[area])) goto err_free_shadow; kasan_unpoison_vmalloc((void *)vas[area]->va_start, sizes[area]); } /* insert all vm's */ spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock); for (area = 0; area < nr_vms; area++) { insert_vmap_area(vas[area], &vmap_area_root, &vmap_area_list); setup_vmalloc_vm_locked(vms[area], vas[area], VM_ALLOC, pcpu_get_vm_areas); } spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock); kfree(vas); return vms; recovery: /* * Remove previously allocated areas. There is no * need in removing these areas from the busy tree, * because they are inserted only on the final step * and when pcpu_get_vm_areas() is success. */ while (area--) { orig_start = vas[area]->va_start; orig_end = vas[area]->va_end; va = merge_or_add_vmap_area(vas[area], &free_vmap_area_root, &free_vmap_area_list); if (va) kasan_release_vmalloc(orig_start, orig_end, va->va_start, va->va_end); vas[area] = NULL; } overflow: spin_unlock(&free_vmap_area_lock); if (!purged) { purge_vmap_area_lazy(); purged = true; /* Before "retry", check if we recover. */ for (area = 0; area < nr_vms; area++) { if (vas[area]) continue; vas[area] = kmem_cache_zalloc( vmap_area_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (!vas[area]) goto err_free; } goto retry; } err_free: for (area = 0; area < nr_vms; area++) { if (vas[area]) kmem_cache_free(vmap_area_cachep, vas[area]); kfree(vms[area]); } err_free2: kfree(vas); kfree(vms); return NULL; err_free_shadow: spin_lock(&free_vmap_area_lock); /* * We release all the vmalloc shadows, even the ones for regions that * hadn't been successfully added. This relies on kasan_release_vmalloc * being able to tolerate this case. */ for (area = 0; area < nr_vms; area++) { orig_start = vas[area]->va_start; orig_end = vas[area]->va_end; va = merge_or_add_vmap_area(vas[area], &free_vmap_area_root, &free_vmap_area_list); if (va) kasan_release_vmalloc(orig_start, orig_end, va->va_start, va->va_end); vas[area] = NULL; kfree(vms[area]); } spin_unlock(&free_vmap_area_lock); kfree(vas); kfree(vms); return NULL; } /** * pcpu_free_vm_areas - free vmalloc areas for percpu allocator * @vms: vm_struct pointer array returned by pcpu_get_vm_areas() * @nr_vms: the number of allocated areas * * Free vm_structs and the array allocated by pcpu_get_vm_areas(). */ void pcpu_free_vm_areas(struct vm_struct **vms, int nr_vms) { int i; for (i = 0; i < nr_vms; i++) free_vm_area(vms[i]); kfree(vms); } #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS static void *s_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos) __acquires(&vmap_purge_lock) __acquires(&vmap_area_lock) { mutex_lock(&vmap_purge_lock); spin_lock(&vmap_area_lock); return seq_list_start(&vmap_area_list, *pos); } static void *s_next(struct seq_file *m, void *p, loff_t *pos) { return seq_list_next(p, &vmap_area_list, pos); } static void s_stop(struct seq_file *m, void *p) __releases(&vmap_area_lock) __releases(&vmap_purge_lock) { spin_unlock(&vmap_area_lock); mutex_unlock(&vmap_purge_lock); } static void show_numa_info(struct seq_file *m, struct vm_struct *v) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NUMA)) { unsigned int nr, *counters = m->private; if (!counters) return; if (v->flags & VM_UNINITIALIZED) return; /* Pair with smp_wmb() in clear_vm_uninitialized_flag() */ smp_rmb(); memset(counters, 0, nr_node_ids * sizeof(unsigned int)); for (nr = 0; nr < v->nr_pages; nr++) counters[page_to_nid(v->pages[nr])]++; for_each_node_state(nr, N_HIGH_MEMORY) if (counters[nr]) seq_printf(m, " N%u=%u", nr, counters[nr]); } } static void show_purge_info(struct seq_file *m) { struct llist_node *head; struct vmap_area *va; head = READ_ONCE(vmap_purge_list.first); if (head == NULL) return; llist_for_each_entry(va, head, purge_list) { seq_printf(m, "0x%pK-0x%pK %7ld unpurged vm_area\n", (void *)va->va_start, (void *)va->va_end, va->va_end - va->va_start); } } static int s_show(struct seq_file *m, void *p) { struct vmap_area *va; struct vm_struct *v; va = list_entry(p, struct vmap_area, list); /* * s_show can encounter race with remove_vm_area, !vm on behalf * of vmap area is being tear down or vm_map_ram allocation. */ if (!va->vm) { seq_printf(m, "0x%pK-0x%pK %7ld vm_map_ram\n", (void *)va->va_start, (void *)va->va_end, va->va_end - va->va_start); return 0; } v = va->vm; seq_printf(m, "0x%pK-0x%pK %7ld", v->addr, v->addr + v->size, v->size); if (v->caller) seq_printf(m, " %pS", v->caller); if (v->nr_pages) seq_printf(m, " pages=%d", v->nr_pages); if (v->phys_addr) seq_printf(m, " phys=%pa", &v->phys_addr); if (v->flags & VM_IOREMAP) seq_puts(m, " ioremap"); if (v->flags & VM_ALLOC) seq_puts(m, " vmalloc"); if (v->flags & VM_MAP) seq_puts(m, " vmap"); if (v->flags & VM_USERMAP) seq_puts(m, " user"); if (v->flags & VM_DMA_COHERENT) seq_puts(m, " dma-coherent"); if (is_vmalloc_addr(v->pages)) seq_puts(m, " vpages"); show_numa_info(m, v); seq_putc(m, '\n'); /* * As a final step, dump "unpurged" areas. Note, * that entire "/proc/vmallocinfo" output will not * be address sorted, because the purge list is not * sorted. */ if (list_is_last(&va->list, &vmap_area_list)) show_purge_info(m); return 0; } static const struct seq_operations vmalloc_op = { .start = s_start, .next = s_next, .stop = s_stop, .show = s_show, }; static int __init proc_vmalloc_init(void) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NUMA)) proc_create_seq_private("vmallocinfo", 0400, NULL, &vmalloc_op, nr_node_ids * sizeof(unsigned int), NULL); else proc_create_seq("vmallocinfo", 0400, NULL, &vmalloc_op); return 0; } module_init(proc_vmalloc_init); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_BIT_SPINLOCK_H #define __LINUX_BIT_SPINLOCK_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/preempt.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/bug.h> /* * bit-based spin_lock() * * Don't use this unless you really need to: spin_lock() and spin_unlock() * are significantly faster. */ static inline void bit_spin_lock(int bitnum, unsigned long *addr) { /* * Assuming the lock is uncontended, this never enters * the body of the outer loop. If it is contended, then * within the inner loop a non-atomic test is used to * busywait with less bus contention for a good time to * attempt to acquire the lock bit. */ preempt_disable(); #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK) while (unlikely(test_and_set_bit_lock(bitnum, addr))) { preempt_enable(); do { cpu_relax(); } while (test_bit(bitnum, addr)); preempt_disable(); } #endif __acquire(bitlock); } /* * Return true if it was acquired */ static inline int bit_spin_trylock(int bitnum, unsigned long *addr) { preempt_disable(); #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK) if (unlikely(test_and_set_bit_lock(bitnum, addr))) { preempt_enable(); return 0; } #endif __acquire(bitlock); return 1; } /* * bit-based spin_unlock() */ static inline void bit_spin_unlock(int bitnum, unsigned long *addr) { #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK BUG_ON(!test_bit(bitnum, addr)); #endif #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK) clear_bit_unlock(bitnum, addr); #endif preempt_enable(); __release(bitlock); } /* * bit-based spin_unlock() * non-atomic version, which can be used eg. if the bit lock itself is * protecting the rest of the flags in the word. */ static inline void __bit_spin_unlock(int bitnum, unsigned long *addr) { #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK BUG_ON(!test_bit(bitnum, addr)); #endif #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK) __clear_bit_unlock(bitnum, addr); #endif preempt_enable(); __release(bitlock); } /* * Return true if the lock is held. */ static inline int bit_spin_is_locked(int bitnum, unsigned long *addr) { #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK) return test_bit(bitnum, addr); #elif defined CONFIG_PREEMPT_COUNT return preempt_count(); #else return 1; #endif } #endif /* __LINUX_BIT_SPINLOCK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * This is <linux/capability.h> * * Andrew G. Morgan <morgan@kernel.org> * Alexander Kjeldaas <astor@guardian.no> * with help from Aleph1, Roland Buresund and Andrew Main. * * See here for the libcap library ("POSIX draft" compliance): * * ftp://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/libs/security/linux-privs/kernel-2.6/ */ #ifndef _LINUX_CAPABILITY_H #define _LINUX_CAPABILITY_H #include <uapi/linux/capability.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> #define _KERNEL_CAPABILITY_VERSION _LINUX_CAPABILITY_VERSION_3 #define _KERNEL_CAPABILITY_U32S _LINUX_CAPABILITY_U32S_3 extern int file_caps_enabled; typedef struct kernel_cap_struct { __u32 cap[_KERNEL_CAPABILITY_U32S]; } kernel_cap_t; /* same as vfs_ns_cap_data but in cpu endian and always filled completely */ struct cpu_vfs_cap_data { __u32 magic_etc; kernel_cap_t permitted; kernel_cap_t inheritable; kuid_t rootid; }; #define _USER_CAP_HEADER_SIZE (sizeof(struct __user_cap_header_struct)) #define _KERNEL_CAP_T_SIZE (sizeof(kernel_cap_t)) struct file; struct inode; struct dentry; struct task_struct; struct user_namespace; extern const kernel_cap_t __cap_empty_set; extern const kernel_cap_t __cap_init_eff_set; /* * Internal kernel functions only */ #define CAP_FOR_EACH_U32(__capi) \ for (__capi = 0; __capi < _KERNEL_CAPABILITY_U32S; ++__capi) /* * CAP_FS_MASK and CAP_NFSD_MASKS: * * The fs mask is all the privileges that fsuid==0 historically meant. * At one time in the past, that included CAP_MKNOD and CAP_LINUX_IMMUTABLE. * * It has never meant setting security.* and trusted.* xattrs. * * We could also define fsmask as follows: * 1. CAP_FS_MASK is the privilege to bypass all fs-related DAC permissions * 2. The security.* and trusted.* xattrs are fs-related MAC permissions */ # define CAP_FS_MASK_B0 (CAP_TO_MASK(CAP_CHOWN) \ | CAP_TO_MASK(CAP_MKNOD) \ | CAP_TO_MASK(CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE) \ | CAP_TO_MASK(CAP_DAC_READ_SEARCH) \ | CAP_TO_MASK(CAP_FOWNER) \ | CAP_TO_MASK(CAP_FSETID)) # define CAP_FS_MASK_B1 (CAP_TO_MASK(CAP_MAC_OVERRIDE)) #if _KERNEL_CAPABILITY_U32S != 2 # error Fix up hand-coded capability macro initializers #else /* HAND-CODED capability initializers */ #define CAP_LAST_U32 ((_KERNEL_CAPABILITY_U32S) - 1) #define CAP_LAST_U32_VALID_MASK (CAP_TO_MASK(CAP_LAST_CAP + 1) -1) # define CAP_EMPTY_SET ((kernel_cap_t){{ 0, 0 }}) # define CAP_FULL_SET ((kernel_cap_t){{ ~0, CAP_LAST_U32_VALID_MASK }}) # define CAP_FS_SET ((kernel_cap_t){{ CAP_FS_MASK_B0 \ | CAP_TO_MASK(CAP_LINUX_IMMUTABLE), \ CAP_FS_MASK_B1 } }) # define CAP_NFSD_SET ((kernel_cap_t){{ CAP_FS_MASK_B0 \ | CAP_TO_MASK(CAP_SYS_RESOURCE), \ CAP_FS_MASK_B1 } }) #endif /* _KERNEL_CAPABILITY_U32S != 2 */ # define cap_clear(c) do { (c) = __cap_empty_set; } while (0) #define cap_raise(c, flag) ((c).cap[CAP_TO_INDEX(flag)] |= CAP_TO_MASK(flag)) #define cap_lower(c, flag) ((c).cap[CAP_TO_INDEX(flag)] &= ~CAP_TO_MASK(flag)) #define cap_raised(c, flag) ((c).cap[CAP_TO_INDEX(flag)] & CAP_TO_MASK(flag)) #define CAP_BOP_ALL(c, a, b, OP) \ do { \ unsigned __capi; \ CAP_FOR_EACH_U32(__capi) { \ c.cap[__capi] = a.cap[__capi] OP b.cap[__capi]; \ } \ } while (0) #define CAP_UOP_ALL(c, a, OP) \ do { \ unsigned __capi; \ CAP_FOR_EACH_U32(__capi) { \ c.cap[__capi] = OP a.cap[__capi]; \ } \ } while (0) static inline kernel_cap_t cap_combine(const kernel_cap_t a, const kernel_cap_t b) { kernel_cap_t dest; CAP_BOP_ALL(dest, a, b, |); return dest; } static inline kernel_cap_t cap_intersect(const kernel_cap_t a, const kernel_cap_t b) { kernel_cap_t dest; CAP_BOP_ALL(dest, a, b, &); return dest; } static inline kernel_cap_t cap_drop(const kernel_cap_t a, const kernel_cap_t drop) { kernel_cap_t dest; CAP_BOP_ALL(dest, a, drop, &~); return dest; } static inline kernel_cap_t cap_invert(const kernel_cap_t c) { kernel_cap_t dest; CAP_UOP_ALL(dest, c, ~); return dest; } static inline bool cap_isclear(const kernel_cap_t a) { unsigned __capi; CAP_FOR_EACH_U32(__capi) { if (a.cap[__capi] != 0) return false; } return true; } /* * Check if "a" is a subset of "set". * return true if ALL of the capabilities in "a" are also in "set" * cap_issubset(0101, 1111) will return true * return false if ANY of the capabilities in "a" are not in "set" * cap_issubset(1111, 0101) will return false */ static inline bool cap_issubset(const kernel_cap_t a, const kernel_cap_t set) { kernel_cap_t dest; dest = cap_drop(a, set); return cap_isclear(dest); } /* Used to decide between falling back on the old suser() or fsuser(). */ static inline kernel_cap_t cap_drop_fs_set(const kernel_cap_t a) { const kernel_cap_t __cap_fs_set = CAP_FS_SET; return cap_drop(a, __cap_fs_set); } static inline kernel_cap_t cap_raise_fs_set(const kernel_cap_t a, const kernel_cap_t permitted) { const kernel_cap_t __cap_fs_set = CAP_FS_SET; return cap_combine(a, cap_intersect(permitted, __cap_fs_set)); } static inline kernel_cap_t cap_drop_nfsd_set(const kernel_cap_t a) { const kernel_cap_t __cap_fs_set = CAP_NFSD_SET; return cap_drop(a, __cap_fs_set); } static inline kernel_cap_t cap_raise_nfsd_set(const kernel_cap_t a, const kernel_cap_t permitted) { const kernel_cap_t __cap_nfsd_set = CAP_NFSD_SET; return cap_combine(a, cap_intersect(permitted, __cap_nfsd_set)); } #ifdef CONFIG_MULTIUSER extern bool has_capability(struct task_struct *t, int cap); extern bool has_ns_capability(struct task_struct *t, struct user_namespace *ns, int cap); extern bool has_capability_noaudit(struct task_struct *t, int cap); extern bool has_ns_capability_noaudit(struct task_struct *t, struct user_namespace *ns, int cap); extern bool capable(int cap); extern bool ns_capable(struct user_namespace *ns, int cap); extern bool ns_capable_noaudit(struct user_namespace *ns, int cap); extern bool ns_capable_setid(struct user_namespace *ns, int cap); #else static inline bool has_capability(struct task_struct *t, int cap) { return true; } static inline bool has_ns_capability(struct task_struct *t, struct user_namespace *ns, int cap) { return true; } static inline bool has_capability_noaudit(struct task_struct *t, int cap) { return true; } static inline bool has_ns_capability_noaudit(struct task_struct *t, struct user_namespace *ns, int cap) { return true; } static inline bool capable(int cap) { return true; } static inline bool ns_capable(struct user_namespace *ns, int cap) { return true; } static inline bool ns_capable_noaudit(struct user_namespace *ns, int cap) { return true; } static inline bool ns_capable_setid(struct user_namespace *ns, int cap) { return true; } #endif /* CONFIG_MULTIUSER */ extern bool privileged_wrt_inode_uidgid(struct user_namespace *ns, const struct inode *inode); extern bool capable_wrt_inode_uidgid(const struct inode *inode, int cap); extern bool file_ns_capable(const struct file *file, struct user_namespace *ns, int cap); extern bool ptracer_capable(struct task_struct *tsk, struct user_namespace *ns); static inline bool perfmon_capable(void) { return capable(CAP_PERFMON) || capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN); } static inline bool bpf_capable(void) { return capable(CAP_BPF) || capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN); } static inline bool checkpoint_restore_ns_capable(struct user_namespace *ns) { return ns_capable(ns, CAP_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE) || ns_capable(ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN); } /* audit system wants to get cap info from files as well */ extern int get_vfs_caps_from_disk(const struct dentry *dentry, struct cpu_vfs_cap_data *cpu_caps); extern int cap_convert_nscap(struct dentry *dentry, void **ivalue, size_t size); #endif /* !_LINUX_CAPABILITY_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __KERNEL_PRINTK__ #define __KERNEL_PRINTK__ #include <stdarg.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/kern_levels.h> #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/ratelimit_types.h> extern const char linux_banner[]; extern const char linux_proc_banner[]; extern int oops_in_progress; /* If set, an oops, panic(), BUG() or die() is in progress */ #define PRINTK_MAX_SINGLE_HEADER_LEN 2 static inline int printk_get_level(const char *buffer) { if (buffer[0] == KERN_SOH_ASCII && buffer[1]) { switch (buffer[1]) { case '0' ... '7': case 'c': /* KERN_CONT */ return buffer[1]; } } return 0; } static inline const char *printk_skip_level(const char *buffer) { if (printk_get_level(buffer)) return buffer + 2; return buffer; } static inline const char *printk_skip_headers(const char *buffer) { while (printk_get_level(buffer)) buffer = printk_skip_level(buffer); return buffer; } #define CONSOLE_EXT_LOG_MAX 8192 /* printk's without a loglevel use this.. */ #define MESSAGE_LOGLEVEL_DEFAULT CONFIG_MESSAGE_LOGLEVEL_DEFAULT /* We show everything that is MORE important than this.. */ #define CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_SILENT 0 /* Mum's the word */ #define CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_MIN 1 /* Minimum loglevel we let people use */ #define CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_DEBUG 10 /* issue debug messages */ #define CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_MOTORMOUTH 15 /* You can't shut this one up */ /* * Default used to be hard-coded at 7, quiet used to be hardcoded at 4, * we're now allowing both to be set from kernel config. */ #define CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_DEFAULT CONFIG_CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_DEFAULT #define CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_QUIET CONFIG_CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_QUIET extern int console_printk[]; #define console_loglevel (console_printk[0]) #define default_message_loglevel (console_printk[1]) #define minimum_console_loglevel (console_printk[2]) #define default_console_loglevel (console_printk[3]) static inline void console_silent(void) { console_loglevel = CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_SILENT; } static inline void console_verbose(void) { if (console_loglevel) console_loglevel = CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_MOTORMOUTH; } /* strlen("ratelimit") + 1 */ #define DEVKMSG_STR_MAX_SIZE 10 extern char devkmsg_log_str[]; struct ctl_table; extern int suppress_printk; struct va_format { const char *fmt; va_list *va; }; /* * FW_BUG * Add this to a message where you are sure the firmware is buggy or behaves * really stupid or out of spec. Be aware that the responsible BIOS developer * should be able to fix this issue or at least get a concrete idea of the * problem by reading your message without the need of looking at the kernel * code. * * Use it for definite and high priority BIOS bugs. * * FW_WARN * Use it for not that clear (e.g. could the kernel messed up things already?) * and medium priority BIOS bugs. * * FW_INFO * Use this one if you want to tell the user or vendor about something * suspicious, but generally harmless related to the firmware. * * Use it for information or very low priority BIOS bugs. */ #define FW_BUG "[Firmware Bug]: " #define FW_WARN "[Firmware Warn]: " #define FW_INFO "[Firmware Info]: " /* * HW_ERR * Add this to a message for hardware errors, so that user can report * it to hardware vendor instead of LKML or software vendor. */ #define HW_ERR "[Hardware Error]: " /* * DEPRECATED * Add this to a message whenever you want to warn user space about the use * of a deprecated aspect of an API so they can stop using it */ #define DEPRECATED "[Deprecated]: " /* * Dummy printk for disabled debugging statements to use whilst maintaining * gcc's format checking. */ #define no_printk(fmt, ...) \ ({ \ if (0) \ printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ 0; \ }) #ifdef CONFIG_EARLY_PRINTK extern asmlinkage __printf(1, 2) void early_printk(const char *fmt, ...); #else static inline __printf(1, 2) __cold void early_printk(const char *s, ...) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PRINTK_NMI extern void printk_nmi_enter(void); extern void printk_nmi_exit(void); extern void printk_nmi_direct_enter(void); extern void printk_nmi_direct_exit(void); #else static inline void printk_nmi_enter(void) { } static inline void printk_nmi_exit(void) { } static inline void printk_nmi_direct_enter(void) { } static inline void printk_nmi_direct_exit(void) { } #endif /* PRINTK_NMI */ struct dev_printk_info; #ifdef CONFIG_PRINTK asmlinkage __printf(4, 0) int vprintk_emit(int facility, int level, const struct dev_printk_info *dev_info, const char *fmt, va_list args); asmlinkage __printf(1, 0) int vprintk(const char *fmt, va_list args); asmlinkage __printf(1, 2) __cold int printk(const char *fmt, ...); /* * Special printk facility for scheduler/timekeeping use only, _DO_NOT_USE_ ! */ __printf(1, 2) __cold int printk_deferred(const char *fmt, ...); /* * Please don't use printk_ratelimit(), because it shares ratelimiting state * with all other unrelated printk_ratelimit() callsites. Instead use * printk_ratelimited() or plain old __ratelimit(). */ extern int __printk_ratelimit(const char *func); #define printk_ratelimit() __printk_ratelimit(__func__) extern bool printk_timed_ratelimit(unsigned long *caller_jiffies, unsigned int interval_msec); extern int printk_delay_msec; extern int dmesg_restrict; extern int devkmsg_sysctl_set_loglvl(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buf, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos); extern void wake_up_klogd(void); char *log_buf_addr_get(void); u32 log_buf_len_get(void); void log_buf_vmcoreinfo_setup(void); void __init setup_log_buf(int early); __printf(1, 2) void dump_stack_set_arch_desc(const char *fmt, ...); void dump_stack_print_info(const char *log_lvl); void show_regs_print_info(const char *log_lvl); extern asmlinkage void dump_stack(void) __cold; extern void printk_safe_flush(void); extern void printk_safe_flush_on_panic(void); #else static inline __printf(1, 0) int vprintk(const char *s, va_list args) { return 0; } static inline __printf(1, 2) __cold int printk(const char *s, ...) { return 0; } static inline __printf(1, 2) __cold int printk_deferred(const char *s, ...) { return 0; } static inline int printk_ratelimit(void) { return 0; } static inline bool printk_timed_ratelimit(unsigned long *caller_jiffies, unsigned int interval_msec) { return false; } static inline void wake_up_klogd(void) { } static inline char *log_buf_addr_get(void) { return NULL; } static inline u32 log_buf_len_get(void) { return 0; } static inline void log_buf_vmcoreinfo_setup(void) { } static inline void setup_log_buf(int early) { } static inline __printf(1, 2) void dump_stack_set_arch_desc(const char *fmt, ...) { } static inline void dump_stack_print_info(const char *log_lvl) { } static inline void show_regs_print_info(const char *log_lvl) { } static inline void dump_stack(void) { } static inline void printk_safe_flush(void) { } static inline void printk_safe_flush_on_panic(void) { } #endif extern int kptr_restrict; /** * pr_fmt - used by the pr_*() macros to generate the printk format string * @fmt: format string passed from a pr_*() macro * * This macro can be used to generate a unified format string for pr_*() * macros. A common use is to prefix all pr_*() messages in a file with a common * string. For example, defining this at the top of a source file: * * #define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt * * would prefix all pr_info, pr_emerg... messages in the file with the module * name. */ #ifndef pr_fmt #define pr_fmt(fmt) fmt #endif /** * pr_emerg - Print an emergency-level message * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_EMERG loglevel. It uses pr_fmt() to * generate the format string. */ #define pr_emerg(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_EMERG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * pr_alert - Print an alert-level message * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_ALERT loglevel. It uses pr_fmt() to * generate the format string. */ #define pr_alert(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_ALERT pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * pr_crit - Print a critical-level message * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_CRIT loglevel. It uses pr_fmt() to * generate the format string. */ #define pr_crit(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_CRIT pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * pr_err - Print an error-level message * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_ERR loglevel. It uses pr_fmt() to * generate the format string. */ #define pr_err(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_ERR pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * pr_warn - Print a warning-level message * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_WARNING loglevel. It uses pr_fmt() * to generate the format string. */ #define pr_warn(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_WARNING pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * pr_notice - Print a notice-level message * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_NOTICE loglevel. It uses pr_fmt() to * generate the format string. */ #define pr_notice(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_NOTICE pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * pr_info - Print an info-level message * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_INFO loglevel. It uses pr_fmt() to * generate the format string. */ #define pr_info(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_INFO pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * pr_cont - Continues a previous log message in the same line. * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_CONT loglevel. It should only be * used when continuing a log message with no newline ('\n') enclosed. Otherwise * it defaults back to KERN_DEFAULT loglevel. */ #define pr_cont(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_CONT fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * pr_devel - Print a debug-level message conditionally * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_DEBUG loglevel if DEBUG is * defined. Otherwise it does nothing. * * It uses pr_fmt() to generate the format string. */ #ifdef DEBUG #define pr_devel(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define pr_devel(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /* If you are writing a driver, please use dev_dbg instead */ #if defined(CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG) || \ (defined(CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG_CORE) && defined(DYNAMIC_DEBUG_MODULE)) #include <linux/dynamic_debug.h> /** * pr_debug - Print a debug-level message conditionally * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to dynamic_pr_debug() if CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG is * set. Otherwise, if DEBUG is defined, it's equivalent to a printk with * KERN_DEBUG loglevel. If DEBUG is not defined it does nothing. * * It uses pr_fmt() to generate the format string (dynamic_pr_debug() uses * pr_fmt() internally). */ #define pr_debug(fmt, ...) \ dynamic_pr_debug(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #elif defined(DEBUG) #define pr_debug(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define pr_debug(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /* * Print a one-time message (analogous to WARN_ONCE() et al): */ #ifdef CONFIG_PRINTK #define printk_once(fmt, ...) \ ({ \ static bool __section(".data.once") __print_once; \ bool __ret_print_once = !__print_once; \ \ if (!__print_once) { \ __print_once = true; \ printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ } \ unlikely(__ret_print_once); \ }) #define printk_deferred_once(fmt, ...) \ ({ \ static bool __section(".data.once") __print_once; \ bool __ret_print_once = !__print_once; \ \ if (!__print_once) { \ __print_once = true; \ printk_deferred(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ } \ unlikely(__ret_print_once); \ }) #else #define printk_once(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define printk_deferred_once(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif #define pr_emerg_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_EMERG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_alert_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_ALERT pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_crit_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_CRIT pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_err_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_ERR pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_warn_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_WARNING pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_notice_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_NOTICE pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_info_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_INFO pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /* no pr_cont_once, don't do that... */ #if defined(DEBUG) #define pr_devel_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define pr_devel_once(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /* If you are writing a driver, please use dev_dbg instead */ #if defined(DEBUG) #define pr_debug_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define pr_debug_once(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /* * ratelimited messages with local ratelimit_state, * no local ratelimit_state used in the !PRINTK case */ #ifdef CONFIG_PRINTK #define printk_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ ({ \ static DEFINE_RATELIMIT_STATE(_rs, \ DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_INTERVAL, \ DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_BURST); \ \ if (__ratelimit(&_rs)) \ printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ }) #else #define printk_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif #define pr_emerg_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_EMERG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_alert_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_ALERT pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_crit_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_CRIT pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_err_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_ERR pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_warn_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_WARNING pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_notice_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_NOTICE pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_info_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_INFO pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /* no pr_cont_ratelimited, don't do that... */ #if defined(DEBUG) #define pr_devel_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define pr_devel_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /* If you are writing a driver, please use dev_dbg instead */ #if defined(CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG) || \ (defined(CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG_CORE) && defined(DYNAMIC_DEBUG_MODULE)) /* descriptor check is first to prevent flooding with "callbacks suppressed" */ #define pr_debug_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ do { \ static DEFINE_RATELIMIT_STATE(_rs, \ DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_INTERVAL, \ DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_BURST); \ DEFINE_DYNAMIC_DEBUG_METADATA(descriptor, pr_fmt(fmt)); \ if (DYNAMIC_DEBUG_BRANCH(descriptor) && \ __ratelimit(&_rs)) \ __dynamic_pr_debug(&descriptor, pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__); \ } while (0) #elif defined(DEBUG) #define pr_debug_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define pr_debug_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif extern const struct file_operations kmsg_fops; enum { DUMP_PREFIX_NONE, DUMP_PREFIX_ADDRESS, DUMP_PREFIX_OFFSET }; extern int hex_dump_to_buffer(const void *buf, size_t len, int rowsize, int groupsize, char *linebuf, size_t linebuflen, bool ascii); #ifdef CONFIG_PRINTK extern void print_hex_dump(const char *level, const char *prefix_str, int prefix_type, int rowsize, int groupsize, const void *buf, size_t len, bool ascii); #else static inline void print_hex_dump(const char *level, const char *prefix_str, int prefix_type, int rowsize, int groupsize, const void *buf, size_t len, bool ascii) { } static inline void print_hex_dump_bytes(const char *prefix_str, int prefix_type, const void *buf, size_t len) { } #endif #if defined(CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG) || \ (defined(CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG_CORE) && defined(DYNAMIC_DEBUG_MODULE)) #define print_hex_dump_debug(prefix_str, prefix_type, rowsize, \ groupsize, buf, len, ascii) \ dynamic_hex_dump(prefix_str, prefix_type, rowsize, \ groupsize, buf, len, ascii) #elif defined(DEBUG) #define print_hex_dump_debug(prefix_str, prefix_type, rowsize, \ groupsize, buf, len, ascii) \ print_hex_dump(KERN_DEBUG, prefix_str, prefix_type, rowsize, \ groupsize, buf, len, ascii) #else static inline void print_hex_dump_debug(const char *prefix_str, int prefix_type, int rowsize, int groupsize, const void *buf, size_t len, bool ascii) { } #endif /** * print_hex_dump_bytes - shorthand form of print_hex_dump() with default params * @prefix_str: string to prefix each line with; * caller supplies trailing spaces for alignment if desired * @prefix_type: controls whether prefix of an offset, address, or none * is printed (%DUMP_PREFIX_OFFSET, %DUMP_PREFIX_ADDRESS, %DUMP_PREFIX_NONE) * @buf: data blob to dump * @len: number of bytes in the @buf * * Calls print_hex_dump(), with log level of KERN_DEBUG, * rowsize of 16, groupsize of 1, and ASCII output included. */ #define print_hex_dump_bytes(prefix_str, prefix_type, buf, len) \ print_hex_dump_debug(prefix_str, prefix_type, 16, 1, buf, len, true) #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM migrate #if !defined(_TRACE_MIGRATE_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_MIGRATE_H #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #define MIGRATE_MODE \ EM( MIGRATE_ASYNC, "MIGRATE_ASYNC") \ EM( MIGRATE_SYNC_LIGHT, "MIGRATE_SYNC_LIGHT") \ EMe(MIGRATE_SYNC, "MIGRATE_SYNC") #define MIGRATE_REASON \ EM( MR_COMPACTION, "compaction") \ EM( MR_MEMORY_FAILURE, "memory_failure") \ EM( MR_MEMORY_HOTPLUG, "memory_hotplug") \ EM( MR_SYSCALL, "syscall_or_cpuset") \ EM( MR_MEMPOLICY_MBIND, "mempolicy_mbind") \ EM( MR_NUMA_MISPLACED, "numa_misplaced") \ EMe(MR_CONTIG_RANGE, "contig_range") /* * First define the enums in the above macros to be exported to userspace * via TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(). */ #undef EM #undef EMe #define EM(a, b) TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(a); #define EMe(a, b) TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(a); MIGRATE_MODE MIGRATE_REASON /* * Now redefine the EM() and EMe() macros to map the enums to the strings * that will be printed in the output. */ #undef EM #undef EMe #define EM(a, b) {a, b}, #define EMe(a, b) {a, b} TRACE_EVENT(mm_migrate_pages, TP_PROTO(unsigned long succeeded, unsigned long failed, unsigned long thp_succeeded, unsigned long thp_failed, unsigned long thp_split, enum migrate_mode mode, int reason), TP_ARGS(succeeded, failed, thp_succeeded, thp_failed, thp_split, mode, reason), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, succeeded) __field( unsigned long, failed) __field( unsigned long, thp_succeeded) __field( unsigned long, thp_failed) __field( unsigned long, thp_split) __field( enum migrate_mode, mode) __field( int, reason) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->succeeded = succeeded; __entry->failed = failed; __entry->thp_succeeded = thp_succeeded; __entry->thp_failed = thp_failed; __entry->thp_split = thp_split; __entry->mode = mode; __entry->reason = reason; ), TP_printk("nr_succeeded=%lu nr_failed=%lu nr_thp_succeeded=%lu nr_thp_failed=%lu nr_thp_split=%lu mode=%s reason=%s", __entry->succeeded, __entry->failed, __entry->thp_succeeded, __entry->thp_failed, __entry->thp_split, __print_symbolic(__entry->mode, MIGRATE_MODE), __print_symbolic(__entry->reason, MIGRATE_REASON)) ); #endif /* _TRACE_MIGRATE_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/fs/file_table.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds * Copyright (C) 1997 David S. Miller (davem@caip.rutgers.edu) */ #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/fdtable.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/cred.h> #include <linux/eventpoll.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/cdev.h> #include <linux/fsnotify.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/percpu_counter.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/task_work.h> #include <linux/ima.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include "internal.h" /* sysctl tunables... */ struct files_stat_struct files_stat = { .max_files = NR_FILE }; /* SLAB cache for file structures */ static struct kmem_cache *filp_cachep __read_mostly; static struct percpu_counter nr_files __cacheline_aligned_in_smp; static void file_free_rcu(struct rcu_head *head) { struct file *f = container_of(head, struct file, f_u.fu_rcuhead); put_cred(f->f_cred); kmem_cache_free(filp_cachep, f); } static inline void file_free(struct file *f) { security_file_free(f); if (!(f->f_mode & FMODE_NOACCOUNT)) percpu_counter_dec(&nr_files); call_rcu(&f->f_u.fu_rcuhead, file_free_rcu); } /* * Return the total number of open files in the system */ static long get_nr_files(void) { return percpu_counter_read_positive(&nr_files); } /* * Return the maximum number of open files in the system */ unsigned long get_max_files(void) { return files_stat.max_files; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_max_files); /* * Handle nr_files sysctl */ #if defined(CONFIG_SYSCTL) && defined(CONFIG_PROC_FS) int proc_nr_files(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { files_stat.nr_files = get_nr_files(); return proc_doulongvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos); } #else int proc_nr_files(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { return -ENOSYS; } #endif static struct file *__alloc_file(int flags, const struct cred *cred) { struct file *f; int error; f = kmem_cache_zalloc(filp_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (unlikely(!f)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); f->f_cred = get_cred(cred); error = security_file_alloc(f); if (unlikely(error)) { file_free_rcu(&f->f_u.fu_rcuhead); return ERR_PTR(error); } atomic_long_set(&f->f_count, 1); rwlock_init(&f->f_owner.lock); spin_lock_init(&f->f_lock); mutex_init(&f->f_pos_lock); eventpoll_init_file(f); f->f_flags = flags; f->f_mode = OPEN_FMODE(flags); /* f->f_version: 0 */ return f; } /* Find an unused file structure and return a pointer to it. * Returns an error pointer if some error happend e.g. we over file * structures limit, run out of memory or operation is not permitted. * * Be very careful using this. You are responsible for * getting write access to any mount that you might assign * to this filp, if it is opened for write. If this is not * done, you will imbalance int the mount's writer count * and a warning at __fput() time. */ struct file *alloc_empty_file(int flags, const struct cred *cred) { static long old_max; struct file *f; /* * Privileged users can go above max_files */ if (get_nr_files() >= files_stat.max_files && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) { /* * percpu_counters are inaccurate. Do an expensive check before * we go and fail. */ if (percpu_counter_sum_positive(&nr_files) >= files_stat.max_files) goto over; } f = __alloc_file(flags, cred); if (!IS_ERR(f)) percpu_counter_inc(&nr_files); return f; over: /* Ran out of filps - report that */ if (get_nr_files() > old_max) { pr_info("VFS: file-max limit %lu reached\n", get_max_files()); old_max = get_nr_files(); } return ERR_PTR(-ENFILE); } /* * Variant of alloc_empty_file() that doesn't check and modify nr_files. * * Should not be used unless there's a very good reason to do so. */ struct file *alloc_empty_file_noaccount(int flags, const struct cred *cred) { struct file *f = __alloc_file(flags, cred); if (!IS_ERR(f)) f->f_mode |= FMODE_NOACCOUNT; return f; } /** * alloc_file - allocate and initialize a 'struct file' * * @path: the (dentry, vfsmount) pair for the new file * @flags: O_... flags with which the new file will be opened * @fop: the 'struct file_operations' for the new file */ static struct file *alloc_file(const struct path *path, int flags, const struct file_operations *fop) { struct file *file; file = alloc_empty_file(flags, current_cred()); if (IS_ERR(file)) return file; file->f_path = *path; file->f_inode = path->dentry->d_inode; file->f_mapping = path->dentry->d_inode->i_mapping; file->f_wb_err = filemap_sample_wb_err(file->f_mapping); file->f_sb_err = file_sample_sb_err(file); if ((file->f_mode & FMODE_READ) && likely(fop->read || fop->read_iter)) file->f_mode |= FMODE_CAN_READ; if ((file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE) && likely(fop->write || fop->write_iter)) file->f_mode |= FMODE_CAN_WRITE; file->f_mode |= FMODE_OPENED; file->f_op = fop; if ((file->f_mode & (FMODE_READ | FMODE_WRITE)) == FMODE_READ) i_readcount_inc(path->dentry->d_inode); return file; } struct file *alloc_file_pseudo(struct inode *inode, struct vfsmount *mnt, const char *name, int flags, const struct file_operations *fops) { static const struct dentry_operations anon_ops = { .d_dname = simple_dname }; struct qstr this = QSTR_INIT(name, strlen(name)); struct path path; struct file *file; path.dentry = d_alloc_pseudo(mnt->mnt_sb, &this); if (!path.dentry) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (!mnt->mnt_sb->s_d_op) d_set_d_op(path.dentry, &anon_ops); path.mnt = mntget(mnt); d_instantiate(path.dentry, inode); file = alloc_file(&path, flags, fops); if (IS_ERR(file)) { ihold(inode); path_put(&path); } return file; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(alloc_file_pseudo); struct file *alloc_file_clone(struct file *base, int flags, const struct file_operations *fops) { struct file *f = alloc_file(&base->f_path, flags, fops); if (!IS_ERR(f)) { path_get(&f->f_path); f->f_mapping = base->f_mapping; } return f; } /* the real guts of fput() - releasing the last reference to file */ static void __fput(struct file *file) { struct dentry *dentry = file->f_path.dentry; struct vfsmount *mnt = file->f_path.mnt; struct inode *inode = file->f_inode; fmode_t mode = file->f_mode; if (unlikely(!(file->f_mode & FMODE_OPENED))) goto out; might_sleep(); fsnotify_close(file); /* * The function eventpoll_release() should be the first called * in the file cleanup chain. */ eventpoll_release(file); locks_remove_file(file); ima_file_free(file); if (unlikely(file->f_flags & FASYNC)) { if (file->f_op->fasync) file->f_op->fasync(-1, file, 0); } if (file->f_op->release) file->f_op->release(inode, file); if (unlikely(S_ISCHR(inode->i_mode) && inode->i_cdev != NULL && !(mode & FMODE_PATH))) { cdev_put(inode->i_cdev); } fops_put(file->f_op); put_pid(file->f_owner.pid); if ((mode & (FMODE_READ | FMODE_WRITE)) == FMODE_READ) i_readcount_dec(inode); if (mode & FMODE_WRITER) { put_write_access(inode); __mnt_drop_write(mnt); } dput(dentry); if (unlikely(mode & FMODE_NEED_UNMOUNT)) dissolve_on_fput(mnt); mntput(mnt); out: file_free(file); } static LLIST_HEAD(delayed_fput_list); static void delayed_fput(struct work_struct *unused) { struct llist_node *node = llist_del_all(&delayed_fput_list); struct file *f, *t; llist_for_each_entry_safe(f, t, node, f_u.fu_llist) __fput(f); } static void ____fput(struct callback_head *work) { __fput(container_of(work, struct file, f_u.fu_rcuhead)); } /* * If kernel thread really needs to have the final fput() it has done * to complete, call this. The only user right now is the boot - we * *do* need to make sure our writes to binaries on initramfs has * not left us with opened struct file waiting for __fput() - execve() * won't work without that. Please, don't add more callers without * very good reasons; in particular, never call that with locks * held and never call that from a thread that might need to do * some work on any kind of umount. */ void flush_delayed_fput(void) { delayed_fput(NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(flush_delayed_fput); static DECLARE_DELAYED_WORK(delayed_fput_work, delayed_fput); void fput_many(struct file *file, unsigned int refs) { if (atomic_long_sub_and_test(refs, &file->f_count)) { struct task_struct *task = current; if (likely(!in_interrupt() && !(task->flags & PF_KTHREAD))) { init_task_work(&file->f_u.fu_rcuhead, ____fput); if (!task_work_add(task, &file->f_u.fu_rcuhead, TWA_RESUME)) return; /* * After this task has run exit_task_work(), * task_work_add() will fail. Fall through to delayed * fput to avoid leaking *file. */ } if (llist_add(&file->f_u.fu_llist, &delayed_fput_list)) schedule_delayed_work(&delayed_fput_work, 1); } } void fput(struct file *file) { fput_many(file, 1); } /* * synchronous analog of fput(); for kernel threads that might be needed * in some umount() (and thus can't use flush_delayed_fput() without * risking deadlocks), need to wait for completion of __fput() and know * for this specific struct file it won't involve anything that would * need them. Use only if you really need it - at the very least, * don't blindly convert fput() by kernel thread to that. */ void __fput_sync(struct file *file) { if (atomic_long_dec_and_test(&file->f_count)) { struct task_struct *task = current; BUG_ON(!(task->flags & PF_KTHREAD)); __fput(file); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(fput); void __init files_init(void) { filp_cachep = kmem_cache_create("filp", sizeof(struct file), 0, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN | SLAB_PANIC | SLAB_ACCOUNT, NULL); percpu_counter_init(&nr_files, 0, GFP_KERNEL); } /* * One file with associated inode and dcache is very roughly 1K. Per default * do not use more than 10% of our memory for files. */ void __init files_maxfiles_init(void) { unsigned long n; unsigned long nr_pages = totalram_pages(); unsigned long memreserve = (nr_pages - nr_free_pages()) * 3/2; memreserve = min(memreserve, nr_pages - 1); n = ((nr_pages - memreserve) * (PAGE_SIZE / 1024)) / 10; files_stat.max_files = max_t(unsigned long, n, NR_FILE); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_KASAN_H #define _LINUX_KASAN_H #include <linux/types.h> struct kmem_cache; struct page; struct vm_struct; struct task_struct; #ifdef CONFIG_KASAN #include <linux/pgtable.h> #include <asm/kasan.h> /* kasan_data struct is used in KUnit tests for KASAN expected failures */ struct kunit_kasan_expectation { bool report_expected; bool report_found; }; extern unsigned char kasan_early_shadow_page[PAGE_SIZE]; extern pte_t kasan_early_shadow_pte[PTRS_PER_PTE]; extern pmd_t kasan_early_shadow_pmd[PTRS_PER_PMD]; extern pud_t kasan_early_shadow_pud[PTRS_PER_PUD]; extern p4d_t kasan_early_shadow_p4d[MAX_PTRS_PER_P4D]; int kasan_populate_early_shadow(const void *shadow_start, const void *shadow_end); static inline void *kasan_mem_to_shadow(const void *addr) { return (void *)((unsigned long)addr >> KASAN_SHADOW_SCALE_SHIFT) + KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET; } /* Enable reporting bugs after kasan_disable_current() */ extern void kasan_enable_current(void); /* Disable reporting bugs for current task */ extern void kasan_disable_current(void); void kasan_unpoison_shadow(const void *address, size_t size); void kasan_unpoison_task_stack(struct task_struct *task); void kasan_alloc_pages(struct page *page, unsigned int order); void kasan_free_pages(struct page *page, unsigned int order); void kasan_cache_create(struct kmem_cache *cache, unsigned int *size, slab_flags_t *flags); void kasan_poison_slab(struct page *page); void kasan_unpoison_object_data(struct kmem_cache *cache, void *object); void kasan_poison_object_data(struct kmem_cache *cache, void *object); void * __must_check kasan_init_slab_obj(struct kmem_cache *cache, const void *object); void * __must_check kasan_kmalloc_large(const void *ptr, size_t size, gfp_t flags); void kasan_kfree_large(void *ptr, unsigned long ip); void kasan_poison_kfree(void *ptr, unsigned long ip); void * __must_check kasan_kmalloc(struct kmem_cache *s, const void *object, size_t size, gfp_t flags); void * __must_check kasan_krealloc(const void *object, size_t new_size, gfp_t flags); void * __must_check kasan_slab_alloc(struct kmem_cache *s, void *object, gfp_t flags); bool kasan_slab_free(struct kmem_cache *s, void *object, unsigned long ip); struct kasan_cache { int alloc_meta_offset; int free_meta_offset; }; /* * These functions provide a special case to support backing module * allocations with real shadow memory. With KASAN vmalloc, the special * case is unnecessary, as the work is handled in the generic case. */ #ifndef CONFIG_KASAN_VMALLOC int kasan_module_alloc(void *addr, size_t size); void kasan_free_shadow(const struct vm_struct *vm); #else static inline int kasan_module_alloc(void *addr, size_t size) { return 0; } static inline void kasan_free_shadow(const struct vm_struct *vm) {} #endif int kasan_add_zero_shadow(void *start, unsigned long size); void kasan_remove_zero_shadow(void *start, unsigned long size); size_t __ksize(const void *); static inline void kasan_unpoison_slab(const void *ptr) { kasan_unpoison_shadow(ptr, __ksize(ptr)); } size_t kasan_metadata_size(struct kmem_cache *cache); bool kasan_save_enable_multi_shot(void); void kasan_restore_multi_shot(bool enabled); #else /* CONFIG_KASAN */ static inline void kasan_unpoison_shadow(const void *address, size_t size) {} static inline void kasan_unpoison_task_stack(struct task_struct *task) {} static inline void kasan_enable_current(void) {} static inline void kasan_disable_current(void) {} static inline void kasan_alloc_pages(struct page *page, unsigned int order) {} static inline void kasan_free_pages(struct page *page, unsigned int order) {} static inline void kasan_cache_create(struct kmem_cache *cache, unsigned int *size, slab_flags_t *flags) {} static inline void kasan_poison_slab(struct page *page) {} static inline void kasan_unpoison_object_data(struct kmem_cache *cache, void *object) {} static inline void kasan_poison_object_data(struct kmem_cache *cache, void *object) {} static inline void *kasan_init_slab_obj(struct kmem_cache *cache, const void *object) { return (void *)object; } static inline void *kasan_kmalloc_large(void *ptr, size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return ptr; } static inline void kasan_kfree_large(void *ptr, unsigned long ip) {} static inline void kasan_poison_kfree(void *ptr, unsigned long ip) {} static inline void *kasan_kmalloc(struct kmem_cache *s, const void *object, size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return (void *)object; } static inline void *kasan_krealloc(const void *object, size_t new_size, gfp_t flags) { return (void *)object; } static inline void *kasan_slab_alloc(struct kmem_cache *s, void *object, gfp_t flags) { return object; } static inline bool kasan_slab_free(struct kmem_cache *s, void *object, unsigned long ip) { return false; } static inline int kasan_module_alloc(void *addr, size_t size) { return 0; } static inline void kasan_free_shadow(const struct vm_struct *vm) {} static inline int kasan_add_zero_shadow(void *start, unsigned long size) { return 0; } static inline void kasan_remove_zero_shadow(void *start, unsigned long size) {} static inline void kasan_unpoison_slab(const void *ptr) { } static inline size_t kasan_metadata_size(struct kmem_cache *cache) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_KASAN */ #ifdef CONFIG_KASAN_GENERIC #define KASAN_SHADOW_INIT 0 void kasan_cache_shrink(struct kmem_cache *cache); void kasan_cache_shutdown(struct kmem_cache *cache); void kasan_record_aux_stack(void *ptr); #else /* CONFIG_KASAN_GENERIC */ static inline void kasan_cache_shrink(struct kmem_cache *cache) {} static inline void kasan_cache_shutdown(struct kmem_cache *cache) {} static inline void kasan_record_aux_stack(void *ptr) {} #endif /* CONFIG_KASAN_GENERIC */ #ifdef CONFIG_KASAN_SW_TAGS #define KASAN_SHADOW_INIT 0xFF void kasan_init_tags(void); void *kasan_reset_tag(const void *addr); bool kasan_report(unsigned long addr, size_t size, bool is_write, unsigned long ip); #else /* CONFIG_KASAN_SW_TAGS */ static inline void kasan_init_tags(void) { } static inline void *kasan_reset_tag(const void *addr) { return (void *)addr; } #endif /* CONFIG_KASAN_SW_TAGS */ #ifdef CONFIG_KASAN_VMALLOC int kasan_populate_vmalloc(unsigned long addr, unsigned long size); void kasan_poison_vmalloc(const void *start, unsigned long size); void kasan_unpoison_vmalloc(const void *start, unsigned long size); void kasan_release_vmalloc(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, unsigned long free_region_start, unsigned long free_region_end); #else static inline int kasan_populate_vmalloc(unsigned long start, unsigned long size) { return 0; } static inline void kasan_poison_vmalloc(const void *start, unsigned long size) { } static inline void kasan_unpoison_vmalloc(const void *start, unsigned long size) { } static inline void kasan_release_vmalloc(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, unsigned long free_region_start, unsigned long free_region_end) {} #endif #ifdef CONFIG_KASAN_INLINE void kasan_non_canonical_hook(unsigned long addr); #else /* CONFIG_KASAN_INLINE */ static inline void kasan_non_canonical_hook(unsigned long addr) { } #endif /* CONFIG_KASAN_INLINE */ #endif /* LINUX_KASAN_H */
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======================================================================== * Netlink Messages and Attributes Interface (As Seen On TV) * ------------------------------------------------------------------------ * Messages Interface * ------------------------------------------------------------------------ * * Message Format: * <--- nlmsg_total_size(payload) ---> * <-- nlmsg_msg_size(payload) -> * +----------+- - -+-------------+- - -+-------- - - * | nlmsghdr | Pad | Payload | Pad | nlmsghdr * +----------+- - -+-------------+- - -+-------- - - * nlmsg_data(nlh)---^ ^ * nlmsg_next(nlh)-----------------------+ * * Payload Format: * <---------------------- nlmsg_len(nlh) ---------------------> * <------ hdrlen ------> <- nlmsg_attrlen(nlh, hdrlen) -> * +----------------------+- - -+--------------------------------+ * | Family Header | Pad | Attributes | * +----------------------+- - -+--------------------------------+ * nlmsg_attrdata(nlh, hdrlen)---^ * * Data Structures: * struct nlmsghdr netlink message header * * Message Construction: * nlmsg_new() create a new netlink message * nlmsg_put() add a netlink message to an skb * nlmsg_put_answer() callback based nlmsg_put() * nlmsg_end() finalize netlink message * nlmsg_get_pos() return current position in message * nlmsg_trim() trim part of message * nlmsg_cancel() cancel message construction * nlmsg_free() free a netlink message * * Message Sending: * nlmsg_multicast() multicast message to several groups * nlmsg_unicast() unicast a message to a single socket * nlmsg_notify() send notification message * * Message Length Calculations: * nlmsg_msg_size(payload) length of message w/o padding * nlmsg_total_size(payload) length of message w/ padding * nlmsg_padlen(payload) length of padding at tail * * Message Payload Access: * nlmsg_data(nlh) head of message payload * nlmsg_len(nlh) length of message payload * nlmsg_attrdata(nlh, hdrlen) head of attributes data * nlmsg_attrlen(nlh, hdrlen) length of attributes data * * Message Parsing: * nlmsg_ok(nlh, remaining) does nlh fit into remaining bytes? * nlmsg_next(nlh, remaining) get next netlink message * nlmsg_parse() parse attributes of a message * nlmsg_find_attr() find an attribute in a message * nlmsg_for_each_msg() loop over all messages * nlmsg_validate() validate netlink message incl. attrs * nlmsg_for_each_attr() loop over all attributes * * Misc: * nlmsg_report() report back to application? * * ------------------------------------------------------------------------ * Attributes Interface * ------------------------------------------------------------------------ * * Attribute Format: * <------- nla_total_size(payload) -------> * <---- nla_attr_size(payload) -----> * +----------+- - -+- - - - - - - - - +- - -+-------- - - * | Header | Pad | Payload | Pad | Header * +----------+- - -+- - - - - - - - - +- - -+-------- - - * <- nla_len(nla) -> ^ * nla_data(nla)----^ | * nla_next(nla)-----------------------------' * * Data Structures: * struct nlattr netlink attribute header * * Attribute Construction: * nla_reserve(skb, type, len) reserve room for an attribute * nla_reserve_nohdr(skb, len) reserve room for an attribute w/o hdr * nla_put(skb, type, len, data) add attribute to skb * nla_put_nohdr(skb, len, data) add attribute w/o hdr * nla_append(skb, len, data) append data to skb * * Attribute Construction for Basic Types: * nla_put_u8(skb, type, value) add u8 attribute to skb * nla_put_u16(skb, type, value) add u16 attribute to skb * nla_put_u32(skb, type, value) add u32 attribute to skb * nla_put_u64_64bit(skb, type, * value, padattr) add u64 attribute to skb * nla_put_s8(skb, type, value) add s8 attribute to skb * nla_put_s16(skb, type, value) add s16 attribute to skb * nla_put_s32(skb, type, value) add s32 attribute to skb * nla_put_s64(skb, type, value, * padattr) add s64 attribute to skb * nla_put_string(skb, type, str) add string attribute to skb * nla_put_flag(skb, type) add flag attribute to skb * nla_put_msecs(skb, type, jiffies, * padattr) add msecs attribute to skb * nla_put_in_addr(skb, type, addr) add IPv4 address attribute to skb * nla_put_in6_addr(skb, type, addr) add IPv6 address attribute to skb * * Nested Attributes Construction: * nla_nest_start(skb, type) start a nested attribute * nla_nest_end(skb, nla) finalize a nested attribute * nla_nest_cancel(skb, nla) cancel nested attribute construction * * Attribute Length Calculations: * nla_attr_size(payload) length of attribute w/o padding * nla_total_size(payload) length of attribute w/ padding * nla_padlen(payload) length of padding * * Attribute Payload Access: * nla_data(nla) head of attribute payload * nla_len(nla) length of attribute payload * * Attribute Payload Access for Basic Types: * nla_get_u8(nla) get payload for a u8 attribute * nla_get_u16(nla) get payload for a u16 attribute * nla_get_u32(nla) get payload for a u32 attribute * nla_get_u64(nla) get payload for a u64 attribute * nla_get_s8(nla) get payload for a s8 attribute * nla_get_s16(nla) get payload for a s16 attribute * nla_get_s32(nla) get payload for a s32 attribute * nla_get_s64(nla) get payload for a s64 attribute * nla_get_flag(nla) return 1 if flag is true * nla_get_msecs(nla) get payload for a msecs attribute * * Attribute Misc: * nla_memcpy(dest, nla, count) copy attribute into memory * nla_memcmp(nla, data, size) compare attribute with memory area * nla_strlcpy(dst, nla, size) copy attribute to a sized string * nla_strcmp(nla, str) compare attribute with string * * Attribute Parsing: * nla_ok(nla, remaining) does nla fit into remaining bytes? * nla_next(nla, remaining) get next netlink attribute * nla_validate() validate a stream of attributes * nla_validate_nested() validate a stream of nested attributes * nla_find() find attribute in stream of attributes * nla_find_nested() find attribute in nested attributes * nla_parse() parse and validate stream of attrs * nla_parse_nested() parse nested attributes * nla_for_each_attr() loop over all attributes * nla_for_each_nested() loop over the nested attributes *========================================================================= */ /** * Standard attribute types to specify validation policy */ enum { NLA_UNSPEC, NLA_U8, NLA_U16, NLA_U32, NLA_U64, NLA_STRING, NLA_FLAG, NLA_MSECS, NLA_NESTED, NLA_NESTED_ARRAY, NLA_NUL_STRING, NLA_BINARY, NLA_S8, NLA_S16, NLA_S32, NLA_S64, NLA_BITFIELD32, NLA_REJECT, __NLA_TYPE_MAX, }; #define NLA_TYPE_MAX (__NLA_TYPE_MAX - 1) struct netlink_range_validation { u64 min, max; }; struct netlink_range_validation_signed { s64 min, max; }; enum nla_policy_validation { NLA_VALIDATE_NONE, NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE, NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE_WARN_TOO_LONG, NLA_VALIDATE_MIN, NLA_VALIDATE_MAX, NLA_VALIDATE_MASK, NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE_PTR, NLA_VALIDATE_FUNCTION, }; /** * struct nla_policy - attribute validation policy * @type: Type of attribute or NLA_UNSPEC * @validation_type: type of attribute validation done in addition to * type-specific validation (e.g. range, function call), see * &enum nla_policy_validation * @len: Type specific length of payload * * Policies are defined as arrays of this struct, the array must be * accessible by attribute type up to the highest identifier to be expected. * * Meaning of `len' field: * NLA_STRING Maximum length of string * NLA_NUL_STRING Maximum length of string (excluding NUL) * NLA_FLAG Unused * NLA_BINARY Maximum length of attribute payload * (but see also below with the validation type) * NLA_NESTED, * NLA_NESTED_ARRAY Length verification is done by checking len of * nested header (or empty); len field is used if * nested_policy is also used, for the max attr * number in the nested policy. * NLA_U8, NLA_U16, * NLA_U32, NLA_U64, * NLA_S8, NLA_S16, * NLA_S32, NLA_S64, * NLA_MSECS Leaving the length field zero will verify the * given type fits, using it verifies minimum length * just like "All other" * NLA_BITFIELD32 Unused * NLA_REJECT Unused * All other Minimum length of attribute payload * * Meaning of validation union: * NLA_BITFIELD32 This is a 32-bit bitmap/bitselector attribute and * `bitfield32_valid' is the u32 value of valid flags * NLA_REJECT This attribute is always rejected and `reject_message' * may point to a string to report as the error instead * of the generic one in extended ACK. * NLA_NESTED `nested_policy' to a nested policy to validate, must * also set `len' to the max attribute number. Use the * provided NLA_POLICY_NESTED() macro. * Note that nla_parse() will validate, but of course not * parse, the nested sub-policies. * NLA_NESTED_ARRAY `nested_policy' points to a nested policy to validate, * must also set `len' to the max attribute number. Use * the provided NLA_POLICY_NESTED_ARRAY() macro. * The difference to NLA_NESTED is the structure: * NLA_NESTED has the nested attributes directly inside * while an array has the nested attributes at another * level down and the attribute types directly in the * nesting don't matter. * NLA_U8, * NLA_U16, * NLA_U32, * NLA_U64, * NLA_S8, * NLA_S16, * NLA_S32, * NLA_S64 The `min' and `max' fields are used depending on the * validation_type field, if that is min/max/range then * the min, max or both are used (respectively) to check * the value of the integer attribute. * Note that in the interest of code simplicity and * struct size both limits are s16, so you cannot * enforce a range that doesn't fall within the range * of s16 - do that as usual in the code instead. * Use the NLA_POLICY_MIN(), NLA_POLICY_MAX() and * NLA_POLICY_RANGE() macros. * NLA_U8, * NLA_U16, * NLA_U32, * NLA_U64 If the validation_type field instead is set to * NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE_PTR, `range' must be a pointer * to a struct netlink_range_validation that indicates * the min/max values. * Use NLA_POLICY_FULL_RANGE(). * NLA_S8, * NLA_S16, * NLA_S32, * NLA_S64 If the validation_type field instead is set to * NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE_PTR, `range_signed' must be a * pointer to a struct netlink_range_validation_signed * that indicates the min/max values. * Use NLA_POLICY_FULL_RANGE_SIGNED(). * * NLA_BINARY If the validation type is like the ones for integers * above, then the min/max length (not value like for * integers) of the attribute is enforced. * * All other Unused - but note that it's a union * * Meaning of `validate' field, use via NLA_POLICY_VALIDATE_FN: * NLA_BINARY Validation function called for the attribute. * All other Unused - but note that it's a union * * Example: * * static const u32 myvalidflags = 0xff231023; * * static const struct nla_policy my_policy[ATTR_MAX+1] = { * [ATTR_FOO] = { .type = NLA_U16 }, * [ATTR_BAR] = { .type = NLA_STRING, .len = BARSIZ }, * [ATTR_BAZ] = NLA_POLICY_EXACT_LEN(sizeof(struct mystruct)), * [ATTR_GOO] = NLA_POLICY_BITFIELD32(myvalidflags), * }; */ struct nla_policy { u8 type; u8 validation_type; u16 len; union { const u32 bitfield32_valid; const u32 mask; const char *reject_message; const struct nla_policy *nested_policy; struct netlink_range_validation *range; struct netlink_range_validation_signed *range_signed; struct { s16 min, max; }; int (*validate)(const struct nlattr *attr, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); /* This entry is special, and used for the attribute at index 0 * only, and specifies special data about the policy, namely it * specifies the "boundary type" where strict length validation * starts for any attribute types >= this value, also, strict * nesting validation starts here. * * Additionally, it means that NLA_UNSPEC is actually NLA_REJECT * for any types >= this, so need to use NLA_POLICY_MIN_LEN() to * get the previous pure { .len = xyz } behaviour. The advantage * of this is that types not specified in the policy will be * rejected. * * For completely new families it should be set to 1 so that the * validation is enforced for all attributes. For existing ones * it should be set at least when new attributes are added to * the enum used by the policy, and be set to the new value that * was added to enforce strict validation from thereon. */ u16 strict_start_type; }; }; #define NLA_POLICY_ETH_ADDR NLA_POLICY_EXACT_LEN(ETH_ALEN) #define NLA_POLICY_ETH_ADDR_COMPAT NLA_POLICY_EXACT_LEN_WARN(ETH_ALEN) #define _NLA_POLICY_NESTED(maxattr, policy) \ { .type = NLA_NESTED, .nested_policy = policy, .len = maxattr } #define _NLA_POLICY_NESTED_ARRAY(maxattr, policy) \ { .type = NLA_NESTED_ARRAY, .nested_policy = policy, .len = maxattr } #define NLA_POLICY_NESTED(policy) \ _NLA_POLICY_NESTED(ARRAY_SIZE(policy) - 1, policy) #define NLA_POLICY_NESTED_ARRAY(policy) \ _NLA_POLICY_NESTED_ARRAY(ARRAY_SIZE(policy) - 1, policy) #define NLA_POLICY_BITFIELD32(valid) \ { .type = NLA_BITFIELD32, .bitfield32_valid = valid } #define __NLA_IS_UINT_TYPE(tp) \ (tp == NLA_U8 || tp == NLA_U16 || tp == NLA_U32 || tp == NLA_U64) #define __NLA_IS_SINT_TYPE(tp) \ (tp == NLA_S8 || tp == NLA_S16 || tp == NLA_S32 || tp == NLA_S64) #define __NLA_ENSURE(condition) BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO(!(condition)) #define NLA_ENSURE_UINT_TYPE(tp) \ (__NLA_ENSURE(__NLA_IS_UINT_TYPE(tp)) + tp) #define NLA_ENSURE_UINT_OR_BINARY_TYPE(tp) \ (__NLA_ENSURE(__NLA_IS_UINT_TYPE(tp) || \ tp == NLA_MSECS || \ tp == NLA_BINARY) + tp) #define NLA_ENSURE_SINT_TYPE(tp) \ (__NLA_ENSURE(__NLA_IS_SINT_TYPE(tp)) + tp) #define NLA_ENSURE_INT_OR_BINARY_TYPE(tp) \ (__NLA_ENSURE(__NLA_IS_UINT_TYPE(tp) || \ __NLA_IS_SINT_TYPE(tp) || \ tp == NLA_MSECS || \ tp == NLA_BINARY) + tp) #define NLA_ENSURE_NO_VALIDATION_PTR(tp) \ (__NLA_ENSURE(tp != NLA_BITFIELD32 && \ tp != NLA_REJECT && \ tp != NLA_NESTED && \ tp != NLA_NESTED_ARRAY) + tp) #define NLA_POLICY_RANGE(tp, _min, _max) { \ .type = NLA_ENSURE_INT_OR_BINARY_TYPE(tp), \ .validation_type = NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE, \ .min = _min, \ .max = _max \ } #define NLA_POLICY_FULL_RANGE(tp, _range) { \ .type = NLA_ENSURE_UINT_OR_BINARY_TYPE(tp), \ .validation_type = NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE_PTR, \ .range = _range, \ } #define NLA_POLICY_FULL_RANGE_SIGNED(tp, _range) { \ .type = NLA_ENSURE_SINT_TYPE(tp), \ .validation_type = NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE_PTR, \ .range_signed = _range, \ } #define NLA_POLICY_MIN(tp, _min) { \ .type = NLA_ENSURE_INT_OR_BINARY_TYPE(tp), \ .validation_type = NLA_VALIDATE_MIN, \ .min = _min, \ } #define NLA_POLICY_MAX(tp, _max) { \ .type = NLA_ENSURE_INT_OR_BINARY_TYPE(tp), \ .validation_type = NLA_VALIDATE_MAX, \ .max = _max, \ } #define NLA_POLICY_MASK(tp, _mask) { \ .type = NLA_ENSURE_UINT_TYPE(tp), \ .validation_type = NLA_VALIDATE_MASK, \ .mask = _mask, \ } #define NLA_POLICY_VALIDATE_FN(tp, fn, ...) { \ .type = NLA_ENSURE_NO_VALIDATION_PTR(tp), \ .validation_type = NLA_VALIDATE_FUNCTION, \ .validate = fn, \ .len = __VA_ARGS__ + 0, \ } #define NLA_POLICY_EXACT_LEN(_len) NLA_POLICY_RANGE(NLA_BINARY, _len, _len) #define NLA_POLICY_EXACT_LEN_WARN(_len) { \ .type = NLA_BINARY, \ .validation_type = NLA_VALIDATE_RANGE_WARN_TOO_LONG, \ .min = _len, \ .max = _len \ } #define NLA_POLICY_MIN_LEN(_len) NLA_POLICY_MIN(NLA_BINARY, _len) /** * struct nl_info - netlink source information * @nlh: Netlink message header of original request * @nl_net: Network namespace * @portid: Netlink PORTID of requesting application * @skip_notify: Skip netlink notifications to user space * @skip_notify_kernel: Skip selected in-kernel notifications */ struct nl_info { struct nlmsghdr *nlh; struct net *nl_net; u32 portid; u8 skip_notify:1, skip_notify_kernel:1; }; /** * enum netlink_validation - netlink message/attribute validation levels * @NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL: Old-style "be liberal" validation, not caring about * extra data at the end of the message, attributes being longer than * they should be, or unknown attributes being present. * @NL_VALIDATE_TRAILING: Reject junk data encountered after attribute parsing. * @NL_VALIDATE_MAXTYPE: Reject attributes > max type; Together with _TRAILING * this is equivalent to the old nla_parse_strict()/nlmsg_parse_strict(). * @NL_VALIDATE_UNSPEC: Reject attributes with NLA_UNSPEC in the policy. * This can safely be set by the kernel when the given policy has no * NLA_UNSPEC anymore, and can thus be used to ensure policy entries * are enforced going forward. * @NL_VALIDATE_STRICT_ATTRS: strict attribute policy parsing (e.g. * U8, U16, U32 must have exact size, etc.) * @NL_VALIDATE_NESTED: Check that NLA_F_NESTED is set for NLA_NESTED(_ARRAY) * and unset for other policies. */ enum netlink_validation { NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL = 0, NL_VALIDATE_TRAILING = BIT(0), NL_VALIDATE_MAXTYPE = BIT(1), NL_VALIDATE_UNSPEC = BIT(2), NL_VALIDATE_STRICT_ATTRS = BIT(3), NL_VALIDATE_NESTED = BIT(4), }; #define NL_VALIDATE_DEPRECATED_STRICT (NL_VALIDATE_TRAILING |\ NL_VALIDATE_MAXTYPE) #define NL_VALIDATE_STRICT (NL_VALIDATE_TRAILING |\ NL_VALIDATE_MAXTYPE |\ NL_VALIDATE_UNSPEC |\ NL_VALIDATE_STRICT_ATTRS |\ NL_VALIDATE_NESTED) int netlink_rcv_skb(struct sk_buff *skb, int (*cb)(struct sk_buff *, struct nlmsghdr *, struct netlink_ext_ack *)); int nlmsg_notify(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, unsigned int group, int report, gfp_t flags); int __nla_validate(const struct nlattr *head, int len, int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, unsigned int validate, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int __nla_parse(struct nlattr **tb, int maxtype, const struct nlattr *head, int len, const struct nla_policy *policy, unsigned int validate, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int nla_policy_len(const struct nla_policy *, int); struct nlattr *nla_find(const struct nlattr *head, int len, int attrtype); size_t nla_strlcpy(char *dst, const struct nlattr *nla, size_t dstsize); char *nla_strdup(const struct nlattr *nla, gfp_t flags); int nla_memcpy(void *dest, const struct nlattr *src, int count); int nla_memcmp(const struct nlattr *nla, const void *data, size_t size); int nla_strcmp(const struct nlattr *nla, const char *str); struct nlattr *__nla_reserve(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen); struct nlattr *__nla_reserve_64bit(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen, int padattr); void *__nla_reserve_nohdr(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrlen); struct nlattr *nla_reserve(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen); struct nlattr *nla_reserve_64bit(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen, int padattr); void *nla_reserve_nohdr(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrlen); void __nla_put(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen, const void *data); void __nla_put_64bit(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen, const void *data, int padattr); void __nla_put_nohdr(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrlen, const void *data); int nla_put(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen, const void *data); int nla_put_64bit(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, int attrlen, const void *data, int padattr); int nla_put_nohdr(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrlen, const void *data); int nla_append(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrlen, const void *data); /************************************************************************** * Netlink Messages **************************************************************************/ /** * nlmsg_msg_size - length of netlink message not including padding * @payload: length of message payload */ static inline int nlmsg_msg_size(int payload) { return NLMSG_HDRLEN + payload; } /** * nlmsg_total_size - length of netlink message including padding * @payload: length of message payload */ static inline int nlmsg_total_size(int payload) { return NLMSG_ALIGN(nlmsg_msg_size(payload)); } /** * nlmsg_padlen - length of padding at the message's tail * @payload: length of message payload */ static inline int nlmsg_padlen(int payload) { return nlmsg_total_size(payload) - nlmsg_msg_size(payload); } /** * nlmsg_data - head of message payload * @nlh: netlink message header */ static inline void *nlmsg_data(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh) { return (unsigned char *) nlh + NLMSG_HDRLEN; } /** * nlmsg_len - length of message payload * @nlh: netlink message header */ static inline int nlmsg_len(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh) { return nlh->nlmsg_len - NLMSG_HDRLEN; } /** * nlmsg_attrdata - head of attributes data * @nlh: netlink message header * @hdrlen: length of family specific header */ static inline struct nlattr *nlmsg_attrdata(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int hdrlen) { unsigned char *data = nlmsg_data(nlh); return (struct nlattr *) (data + NLMSG_ALIGN(hdrlen)); } /** * nlmsg_attrlen - length of attributes data * @nlh: netlink message header * @hdrlen: length of family specific header */ static inline int nlmsg_attrlen(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int hdrlen) { return nlmsg_len(nlh) - NLMSG_ALIGN(hdrlen); } /** * nlmsg_ok - check if the netlink message fits into the remaining bytes * @nlh: netlink message header * @remaining: number of bytes remaining in message stream */ static inline int nlmsg_ok(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int remaining) { return (remaining >= (int) sizeof(struct nlmsghdr) && nlh->nlmsg_len >= sizeof(struct nlmsghdr) && nlh->nlmsg_len <= remaining); } /** * nlmsg_next - next netlink message in message stream * @nlh: netlink message header * @remaining: number of bytes remaining in message stream * * Returns the next netlink message in the message stream and * decrements remaining by the size of the current message. */ static inline struct nlmsghdr * nlmsg_next(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int *remaining) { int totlen = NLMSG_ALIGN(nlh->nlmsg_len); *remaining -= totlen; return (struct nlmsghdr *) ((unsigned char *) nlh + totlen); } /** * nla_parse - Parse a stream of attributes into a tb buffer * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @head: head of attribute stream * @len: length of attribute stream * @policy: validation policy * @extack: extended ACK pointer * * Parses a stream of attributes and stores a pointer to each attribute in * the tb array accessible via the attribute type. Attributes with a type * exceeding maxtype will be rejected, policy must be specified, attributes * will be validated in the strictest way possible. * * Returns 0 on success or a negative error code. */ static inline int nla_parse(struct nlattr **tb, int maxtype, const struct nlattr *head, int len, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_parse(tb, maxtype, head, len, policy, NL_VALIDATE_STRICT, extack); } /** * nla_parse_deprecated - Parse a stream of attributes into a tb buffer * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @head: head of attribute stream * @len: length of attribute stream * @policy: validation policy * @extack: extended ACK pointer * * Parses a stream of attributes and stores a pointer to each attribute in * the tb array accessible via the attribute type. Attributes with a type * exceeding maxtype will be ignored and attributes from the policy are not * always strictly validated (only for new attributes). * * Returns 0 on success or a negative error code. */ static inline int nla_parse_deprecated(struct nlattr **tb, int maxtype, const struct nlattr *head, int len, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_parse(tb, maxtype, head, len, policy, NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL, extack); } /** * nla_parse_deprecated_strict - Parse a stream of attributes into a tb buffer * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @head: head of attribute stream * @len: length of attribute stream * @policy: validation policy * @extack: extended ACK pointer * * Parses a stream of attributes and stores a pointer to each attribute in * the tb array accessible via the attribute type. Attributes with a type * exceeding maxtype will be rejected as well as trailing data, but the * policy is not completely strictly validated (only for new attributes). * * Returns 0 on success or a negative error code. */ static inline int nla_parse_deprecated_strict(struct nlattr **tb, int maxtype, const struct nlattr *head, int len, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_parse(tb, maxtype, head, len, policy, NL_VALIDATE_DEPRECATED_STRICT, extack); } /** * __nlmsg_parse - parse attributes of a netlink message * @nlh: netlink message header * @hdrlen: length of family specific header * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @policy: validation policy * @validate: validation strictness * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * See nla_parse() */ static inline int __nlmsg_parse(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int hdrlen, struct nlattr *tb[], int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, unsigned int validate, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { if (nlh->nlmsg_len < nlmsg_msg_size(hdrlen)) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG(extack, "Invalid header length"); return -EINVAL; } return __nla_parse(tb, maxtype, nlmsg_attrdata(nlh, hdrlen), nlmsg_attrlen(nlh, hdrlen), policy, validate, extack); } /** * nlmsg_parse - parse attributes of a netlink message * @nlh: netlink message header * @hdrlen: length of family specific header * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * See nla_parse() */ static inline int nlmsg_parse(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int hdrlen, struct nlattr *tb[], int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nlmsg_parse(nlh, hdrlen, tb, maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_STRICT, extack); } /** * nlmsg_parse_deprecated - parse attributes of a netlink message * @nlh: netlink message header * @hdrlen: length of family specific header * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * See nla_parse_deprecated() */ static inline int nlmsg_parse_deprecated(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int hdrlen, struct nlattr *tb[], int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nlmsg_parse(nlh, hdrlen, tb, maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL, extack); } /** * nlmsg_parse_deprecated_strict - parse attributes of a netlink message * @nlh: netlink message header * @hdrlen: length of family specific header * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * See nla_parse_deprecated_strict() */ static inline int nlmsg_parse_deprecated_strict(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int hdrlen, struct nlattr *tb[], int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nlmsg_parse(nlh, hdrlen, tb, maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_DEPRECATED_STRICT, extack); } /** * nlmsg_find_attr - find a specific attribute in a netlink message * @nlh: netlink message header * @hdrlen: length of familiy specific header * @attrtype: type of attribute to look for * * Returns the first attribute which matches the specified type. */ static inline struct nlattr *nlmsg_find_attr(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int hdrlen, int attrtype) { return nla_find(nlmsg_attrdata(nlh, hdrlen), nlmsg_attrlen(nlh, hdrlen), attrtype); } /** * nla_validate_deprecated - Validate a stream of attributes * @head: head of attribute stream * @len: length of attribute stream * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @policy: validation policy * @validate: validation strictness * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * Validates all attributes in the specified attribute stream against the * specified policy. Validation is done in liberal mode. * See documenation of struct nla_policy for more details. * * Returns 0 on success or a negative error code. */ static inline int nla_validate_deprecated(const struct nlattr *head, int len, int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_validate(head, len, maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL, extack); } /** * nla_validate - Validate a stream of attributes * @head: head of attribute stream * @len: length of attribute stream * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @policy: validation policy * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * Validates all attributes in the specified attribute stream against the * specified policy. Validation is done in strict mode. * See documenation of struct nla_policy for more details. * * Returns 0 on success or a negative error code. */ static inline int nla_validate(const struct nlattr *head, int len, int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_validate(head, len, maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_STRICT, extack); } /** * nlmsg_validate_deprecated - validate a netlink message including attributes * @nlh: netlinket message header * @hdrlen: length of familiy specific header * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @policy: validation policy * @extack: extended ACK report struct */ static inline int nlmsg_validate_deprecated(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int hdrlen, int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { if (nlh->nlmsg_len < nlmsg_msg_size(hdrlen)) return -EINVAL; return __nla_validate(nlmsg_attrdata(nlh, hdrlen), nlmsg_attrlen(nlh, hdrlen), maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL, extack); } /** * nlmsg_report - need to report back to application? * @nlh: netlink message header * * Returns 1 if a report back to the application is requested. */ static inline int nlmsg_report(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh) { return !!(nlh->nlmsg_flags & NLM_F_ECHO); } /** * nlmsg_for_each_attr - iterate over a stream of attributes * @pos: loop counter, set to current attribute * @nlh: netlink message header * @hdrlen: length of familiy specific header * @rem: initialized to len, holds bytes currently remaining in stream */ #define nlmsg_for_each_attr(pos, nlh, hdrlen, rem) \ nla_for_each_attr(pos, nlmsg_attrdata(nlh, hdrlen), \ nlmsg_attrlen(nlh, hdrlen), rem) /** * nlmsg_put - Add a new netlink message to an skb * @skb: socket buffer to store message in * @portid: netlink PORTID of requesting application * @seq: sequence number of message * @type: message type * @payload: length of message payload * @flags: message flags * * Returns NULL if the tailroom of the skb is insufficient to store * the message header and payload. */ static inline struct nlmsghdr *nlmsg_put(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, u32 seq, int type, int payload, int flags) { if (unlikely(skb_tailroom(skb) < nlmsg_total_size(payload))) return NULL; return __nlmsg_put(skb, portid, seq, type, payload, flags); } /** * nlmsg_put_answer - Add a new callback based netlink message to an skb * @skb: socket buffer to store message in * @cb: netlink callback * @type: message type * @payload: length of message payload * @flags: message flags * * Returns NULL if the tailroom of the skb is insufficient to store * the message header and payload. */ static inline struct nlmsghdr *nlmsg_put_answer(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb, int type, int payload, int flags) { return nlmsg_put(skb, NETLINK_CB(cb->skb).portid, cb->nlh->nlmsg_seq, type, payload, flags); } /** * nlmsg_new - Allocate a new netlink message * @payload: size of the message payload * @flags: the type of memory to allocate. * * Use NLMSG_DEFAULT_SIZE if the size of the payload isn't known * and a good default is needed. */ static inline struct sk_buff *nlmsg_new(size_t payload, gfp_t flags) { return alloc_skb(nlmsg_total_size(payload), flags); } /** * nlmsg_end - Finalize a netlink message * @skb: socket buffer the message is stored in * @nlh: netlink message header * * Corrects the netlink message header to include the appeneded * attributes. Only necessary if attributes have been added to * the message. */ static inline void nlmsg_end(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nlmsghdr *nlh) { nlh->nlmsg_len = skb_tail_pointer(skb) - (unsigned char *)nlh; } /** * nlmsg_get_pos - return current position in netlink message * @skb: socket buffer the message is stored in * * Returns a pointer to the current tail of the message. */ static inline void *nlmsg_get_pos(struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_tail_pointer(skb); } /** * nlmsg_trim - Trim message to a mark * @skb: socket buffer the message is stored in * @mark: mark to trim to * * Trims the message to the provided mark. */ static inline void nlmsg_trim(struct sk_buff *skb, const void *mark) { if (mark) { WARN_ON((unsigned char *) mark < skb->data); skb_trim(skb, (unsigned char *) mark - skb->data); } } /** * nlmsg_cancel - Cancel construction of a netlink message * @skb: socket buffer the message is stored in * @nlh: netlink message header * * Removes the complete netlink message including all * attributes from the socket buffer again. */ static inline void nlmsg_cancel(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nlmsghdr *nlh) { nlmsg_trim(skb, nlh); } /** * nlmsg_free - free a netlink message * @skb: socket buffer of netlink message */ static inline void nlmsg_free(struct sk_buff *skb) { kfree_skb(skb); } /** * nlmsg_multicast - multicast a netlink message * @sk: netlink socket to spread messages to * @skb: netlink message as socket buffer * @portid: own netlink portid to avoid sending to yourself * @group: multicast group id * @flags: allocation flags */ static inline int nlmsg_multicast(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, unsigned int group, gfp_t flags) { int err; NETLINK_CB(skb).dst_group = group; err = netlink_broadcast(sk, skb, portid, group, flags); if (err > 0) err = 0; return err; } /** * nlmsg_unicast - unicast a netlink message * @sk: netlink socket to spread message to * @skb: netlink message as socket buffer * @portid: netlink portid of the destination socket */ static inline int nlmsg_unicast(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid) { int err; err = netlink_unicast(sk, skb, portid, MSG_DONTWAIT); if (err > 0) err = 0; return err; } /** * nlmsg_for_each_msg - iterate over a stream of messages * @pos: loop counter, set to current message * @head: head of message stream * @len: length of message stream * @rem: initialized to len, holds bytes currently remaining in stream */ #define nlmsg_for_each_msg(pos, head, len, rem) \ for (pos = head, rem = len; \ nlmsg_ok(pos, rem); \ pos = nlmsg_next(pos, &(rem))) /** * nl_dump_check_consistent - check if sequence is consistent and advertise if not * @cb: netlink callback structure that stores the sequence number * @nlh: netlink message header to write the flag to * * This function checks if the sequence (generation) number changed during dump * and if it did, advertises it in the netlink message header. * * The correct way to use it is to set cb->seq to the generation counter when * all locks for dumping have been acquired, and then call this function for * each message that is generated. * * Note that due to initialisation concerns, 0 is an invalid sequence number * and must not be used by code that uses this functionality. */ static inline void nl_dump_check_consistent(struct netlink_callback *cb, struct nlmsghdr *nlh) { if (cb->prev_seq && cb->seq != cb->prev_seq) nlh->nlmsg_flags |= NLM_F_DUMP_INTR; cb->prev_seq = cb->seq; } /************************************************************************** * Netlink Attributes **************************************************************************/ /** * nla_attr_size - length of attribute not including padding * @payload: length of payload */ static inline int nla_attr_size(int payload) { return NLA_HDRLEN + payload; } /** * nla_total_size - total length of attribute including padding * @payload: length of payload */ static inline int nla_total_size(int payload) { return NLA_ALIGN(nla_attr_size(payload)); } /** * nla_padlen - length of padding at the tail of attribute * @payload: length of payload */ static inline int nla_padlen(int payload) { return nla_total_size(payload) - nla_attr_size(payload); } /** * nla_type - attribute type * @nla: netlink attribute */ static inline int nla_type(const struct nlattr *nla) { return nla->nla_type & NLA_TYPE_MASK; } /** * nla_data - head of payload * @nla: netlink attribute */ static inline void *nla_data(const struct nlattr *nla) { return (char *) nla + NLA_HDRLEN; } /** * nla_len - length of payload * @nla: netlink attribute */ static inline int nla_len(const struct nlattr *nla) { return nla->nla_len - NLA_HDRLEN; } /** * nla_ok - check if the netlink attribute fits into the remaining bytes * @nla: netlink attribute * @remaining: number of bytes remaining in attribute stream */ static inline int nla_ok(const struct nlattr *nla, int remaining) { return remaining >= (int) sizeof(*nla) && nla->nla_len >= sizeof(*nla) && nla->nla_len <= remaining; } /** * nla_next - next netlink attribute in attribute stream * @nla: netlink attribute * @remaining: number of bytes remaining in attribute stream * * Returns the next netlink attribute in the attribute stream and * decrements remaining by the size of the current attribute. */ static inline struct nlattr *nla_next(const struct nlattr *nla, int *remaining) { unsigned int totlen = NLA_ALIGN(nla->nla_len); *remaining -= totlen; return (struct nlattr *) ((char *) nla + totlen); } /** * nla_find_nested - find attribute in a set of nested attributes * @nla: attribute containing the nested attributes * @attrtype: type of attribute to look for * * Returns the first attribute which matches the specified type. */ static inline struct nlattr * nla_find_nested(const struct nlattr *nla, int attrtype) { return nla_find(nla_data(nla), nla_len(nla), attrtype); } /** * nla_parse_nested - parse nested attributes * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @nla: attribute containing the nested attributes * @policy: validation policy * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * See nla_parse() */ static inline int nla_parse_nested(struct nlattr *tb[], int maxtype, const struct nlattr *nla, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { if (!(nla->nla_type & NLA_F_NESTED)) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR(extack, nla, "NLA_F_NESTED is missing"); return -EINVAL; } return __nla_parse(tb, maxtype, nla_data(nla), nla_len(nla), policy, NL_VALIDATE_STRICT, extack); } /** * nla_parse_nested_deprecated - parse nested attributes * @tb: destination array with maxtype+1 elements * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @nla: attribute containing the nested attributes * @policy: validation policy * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * See nla_parse_deprecated() */ static inline int nla_parse_nested_deprecated(struct nlattr *tb[], int maxtype, const struct nlattr *nla, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_parse(tb, maxtype, nla_data(nla), nla_len(nla), policy, NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL, extack); } /** * nla_put_u8 - Add a u8 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_u8(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, u8 value) { /* temporary variables to work around GCC PR81715 with asan-stack=1 */ u8 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(u8), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_u16 - Add a u16 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_u16(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, u16 value) { u16 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(u16), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_be16 - Add a __be16 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_be16(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __be16 value) { __be16 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(__be16), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_net16 - Add 16-bit network byte order netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_net16(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __be16 value) { __be16 tmp = value; return nla_put_be16(skb, attrtype | NLA_F_NET_BYTEORDER, tmp); } /** * nla_put_le16 - Add a __le16 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_le16(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __le16 value) { __le16 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(__le16), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_u32 - Add a u32 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_u32(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, u32 value) { u32 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(u32), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_be32 - Add a __be32 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_be32(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __be32 value) { __be32 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(__be32), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_net32 - Add 32-bit network byte order netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_net32(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __be32 value) { __be32 tmp = value; return nla_put_be32(skb, attrtype | NLA_F_NET_BYTEORDER, tmp); } /** * nla_put_le32 - Add a __le32 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_le32(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __le32 value) { __le32 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(__le32), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_u64_64bit - Add a u64 netlink attribute to a skb and align it * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value * @padattr: attribute type for the padding */ static inline int nla_put_u64_64bit(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, u64 value, int padattr) { u64 tmp = value; return nla_put_64bit(skb, attrtype, sizeof(u64), &tmp, padattr); } /** * nla_put_be64 - Add a __be64 netlink attribute to a socket buffer and align it * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value * @padattr: attribute type for the padding */ static inline int nla_put_be64(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __be64 value, int padattr) { __be64 tmp = value; return nla_put_64bit(skb, attrtype, sizeof(__be64), &tmp, padattr); } /** * nla_put_net64 - Add 64-bit network byte order nlattr to a skb and align it * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value * @padattr: attribute type for the padding */ static inline int nla_put_net64(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __be64 value, int padattr) { __be64 tmp = value; return nla_put_be64(skb, attrtype | NLA_F_NET_BYTEORDER, tmp, padattr); } /** * nla_put_le64 - Add a __le64 netlink attribute to a socket buffer and align it * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value * @padattr: attribute type for the padding */ static inline int nla_put_le64(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __le64 value, int padattr) { __le64 tmp = value; return nla_put_64bit(skb, attrtype, sizeof(__le64), &tmp, padattr); } /** * nla_put_s8 - Add a s8 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_s8(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, s8 value) { s8 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(s8), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_s16 - Add a s16 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_s16(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, s16 value) { s16 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(s16), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_s32 - Add a s32 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value */ static inline int nla_put_s32(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, s32 value) { s32 tmp = value; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(s32), &tmp); } /** * nla_put_s64 - Add a s64 netlink attribute to a socket buffer and align it * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: numeric value * @padattr: attribute type for the padding */ static inline int nla_put_s64(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, s64 value, int padattr) { s64 tmp = value; return nla_put_64bit(skb, attrtype, sizeof(s64), &tmp, padattr); } /** * nla_put_string - Add a string netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @str: NUL terminated string */ static inline int nla_put_string(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, const char *str) { return nla_put(skb, attrtype, strlen(str) + 1, str); } /** * nla_put_flag - Add a flag netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type */ static inline int nla_put_flag(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype) { return nla_put(skb, attrtype, 0, NULL); } /** * nla_put_msecs - Add a msecs netlink attribute to a skb and align it * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @njiffies: number of jiffies to convert to msecs * @padattr: attribute type for the padding */ static inline int nla_put_msecs(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, unsigned long njiffies, int padattr) { u64 tmp = jiffies_to_msecs(njiffies); return nla_put_64bit(skb, attrtype, sizeof(u64), &tmp, padattr); } /** * nla_put_in_addr - Add an IPv4 address netlink attribute to a socket * buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @addr: IPv4 address */ static inline int nla_put_in_addr(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __be32 addr) { __be32 tmp = addr; return nla_put_be32(skb, attrtype, tmp); } /** * nla_put_in6_addr - Add an IPv6 address netlink attribute to a socket * buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @addr: IPv6 address */ static inline int nla_put_in6_addr(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, const struct in6_addr *addr) { return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(*addr), addr); } /** * nla_put_bitfield32 - Add a bitfield32 netlink attribute to a socket buffer * @skb: socket buffer to add attribute to * @attrtype: attribute type * @value: value carrying bits * @selector: selector of valid bits */ static inline int nla_put_bitfield32(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype, __u32 value, __u32 selector) { struct nla_bitfield32 tmp = { value, selector, }; return nla_put(skb, attrtype, sizeof(tmp), &tmp); } /** * nla_get_u32 - return payload of u32 attribute * @nla: u32 netlink attribute */ static inline u32 nla_get_u32(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(u32 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_be32 - return payload of __be32 attribute * @nla: __be32 netlink attribute */ static inline __be32 nla_get_be32(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(__be32 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_le32 - return payload of __le32 attribute * @nla: __le32 netlink attribute */ static inline __le32 nla_get_le32(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(__le32 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_u16 - return payload of u16 attribute * @nla: u16 netlink attribute */ static inline u16 nla_get_u16(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(u16 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_be16 - return payload of __be16 attribute * @nla: __be16 netlink attribute */ static inline __be16 nla_get_be16(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(__be16 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_le16 - return payload of __le16 attribute * @nla: __le16 netlink attribute */ static inline __le16 nla_get_le16(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(__le16 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_u8 - return payload of u8 attribute * @nla: u8 netlink attribute */ static inline u8 nla_get_u8(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(u8 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_u64 - return payload of u64 attribute * @nla: u64 netlink attribute */ static inline u64 nla_get_u64(const struct nlattr *nla) { u64 tmp; nla_memcpy(&tmp, nla, sizeof(tmp)); return tmp; } /** * nla_get_be64 - return payload of __be64 attribute * @nla: __be64 netlink attribute */ static inline __be64 nla_get_be64(const struct nlattr *nla) { __be64 tmp; nla_memcpy(&tmp, nla, sizeof(tmp)); return tmp; } /** * nla_get_le64 - return payload of __le64 attribute * @nla: __le64 netlink attribute */ static inline __le64 nla_get_le64(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(__le64 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_s32 - return payload of s32 attribute * @nla: s32 netlink attribute */ static inline s32 nla_get_s32(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(s32 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_s16 - return payload of s16 attribute * @nla: s16 netlink attribute */ static inline s16 nla_get_s16(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(s16 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_s8 - return payload of s8 attribute * @nla: s8 netlink attribute */ static inline s8 nla_get_s8(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(s8 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_s64 - return payload of s64 attribute * @nla: s64 netlink attribute */ static inline s64 nla_get_s64(const struct nlattr *nla) { s64 tmp; nla_memcpy(&tmp, nla, sizeof(tmp)); return tmp; } /** * nla_get_flag - return payload of flag attribute * @nla: flag netlink attribute */ static inline int nla_get_flag(const struct nlattr *nla) { return !!nla; } /** * nla_get_msecs - return payload of msecs attribute * @nla: msecs netlink attribute * * Returns the number of milliseconds in jiffies. */ static inline unsigned long nla_get_msecs(const struct nlattr *nla) { u64 msecs = nla_get_u64(nla); return msecs_to_jiffies((unsigned long) msecs); } /** * nla_get_in_addr - return payload of IPv4 address attribute * @nla: IPv4 address netlink attribute */ static inline __be32 nla_get_in_addr(const struct nlattr *nla) { return *(__be32 *) nla_data(nla); } /** * nla_get_in6_addr - return payload of IPv6 address attribute * @nla: IPv6 address netlink attribute */ static inline struct in6_addr nla_get_in6_addr(const struct nlattr *nla) { struct in6_addr tmp; nla_memcpy(&tmp, nla, sizeof(tmp)); return tmp; } /** * nla_get_bitfield32 - return payload of 32 bitfield attribute * @nla: nla_bitfield32 attribute */ static inline struct nla_bitfield32 nla_get_bitfield32(const struct nlattr *nla) { struct nla_bitfield32 tmp; nla_memcpy(&tmp, nla, sizeof(tmp)); return tmp; } /** * nla_memdup - duplicate attribute memory (kmemdup) * @src: netlink attribute to duplicate from * @gfp: GFP mask */ static inline void *nla_memdup(const struct nlattr *src, gfp_t gfp) { return kmemdup(nla_data(src), nla_len(src), gfp); } /** * nla_nest_start_noflag - Start a new level of nested attributes * @skb: socket buffer to add attributes to * @attrtype: attribute type of container * * This function exists for backward compatibility to use in APIs which never * marked their nest attributes with NLA_F_NESTED flag. New APIs should use * nla_nest_start() which sets the flag. * * Returns the container attribute or NULL on error */ static inline struct nlattr *nla_nest_start_noflag(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype) { struct nlattr *start = (struct nlattr *)skb_tail_pointer(skb); if (nla_put(skb, attrtype, 0, NULL) < 0) return NULL; return start; } /** * nla_nest_start - Start a new level of nested attributes, with NLA_F_NESTED * @skb: socket buffer to add attributes to * @attrtype: attribute type of container * * Unlike nla_nest_start_noflag(), mark the nest attribute with NLA_F_NESTED * flag. This is the preferred function to use in new code. * * Returns the container attribute or NULL on error */ static inline struct nlattr *nla_nest_start(struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype) { return nla_nest_start_noflag(skb, attrtype | NLA_F_NESTED); } /** * nla_nest_end - Finalize nesting of attributes * @skb: socket buffer the attributes are stored in * @start: container attribute * * Corrects the container attribute header to include the all * appeneded attributes. * * Returns the total data length of the skb. */ static inline int nla_nest_end(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nlattr *start) { start->nla_len = skb_tail_pointer(skb) - (unsigned char *)start; return skb->len; } /** * nla_nest_cancel - Cancel nesting of attributes * @skb: socket buffer the message is stored in * @start: container attribute * * Removes the container attribute and including all nested * attributes. Returns -EMSGSIZE */ static inline void nla_nest_cancel(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nlattr *start) { nlmsg_trim(skb, start); } /** * __nla_validate_nested - Validate a stream of nested attributes * @start: container attribute * @maxtype: maximum attribute type to be expected * @policy: validation policy * @validate: validation strictness * @extack: extended ACK report struct * * Validates all attributes in the nested attribute stream against the * specified policy. Attributes with a type exceeding maxtype will be * ignored. See documenation of struct nla_policy for more details. * * Returns 0 on success or a negative error code. */ static inline int __nla_validate_nested(const struct nlattr *start, int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, unsigned int validate, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_validate(nla_data(start), nla_len(start), maxtype, policy, validate, extack); } static inline int nla_validate_nested(const struct nlattr *start, int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_validate_nested(start, maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_STRICT, extack); } static inline int nla_validate_nested_deprecated(const struct nlattr *start, int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return __nla_validate_nested(start, maxtype, policy, NL_VALIDATE_LIBERAL, extack); } /** * nla_need_padding_for_64bit - test 64-bit alignment of the next attribute * @skb: socket buffer the message is stored in * * Return true if padding is needed to align the next attribute (nla_data()) to * a 64-bit aligned area. */ static inline bool nla_need_padding_for_64bit(struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS /* The nlattr header is 4 bytes in size, that's why we test * if the skb->data _is_ aligned. A NOP attribute, plus * nlattr header for next attribute, will make nla_data() * 8-byte aligned. */ if (IS_ALIGNED((unsigned long)skb_tail_pointer(skb), 8)) return true; #endif return false; } /** * nla_align_64bit - 64-bit align the nla_data() of next attribute * @skb: socket buffer the message is stored in * @padattr: attribute type for the padding * * Conditionally emit a padding netlink attribute in order to make * the next attribute we emit have a 64-bit aligned nla_data() area. * This will only be done in architectures which do not have * CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS defined. * * Returns zero on success or a negative error code. */ static inline int nla_align_64bit(struct sk_buff *skb, int padattr) { if (nla_need_padding_for_64bit(skb) && !nla_reserve(skb, padattr, 0)) return -EMSGSIZE; return 0; } /** * nla_total_size_64bit - total length of attribute including padding * @payload: length of payload */ static inline int nla_total_size_64bit(int payload) { return NLA_ALIGN(nla_attr_size(payload)) #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS + NLA_ALIGN(nla_attr_size(0)) #endif ; } /** * nla_for_each_attr - iterate over a stream of attributes * @pos: loop counter, set to current attribute * @head: head of attribute stream * @len: length of attribute stream * @rem: initialized to len, holds bytes currently remaining in stream */ #define nla_for_each_attr(pos, head, len, rem) \ for (pos = head, rem = len; \ nla_ok(pos, rem); \ pos = nla_next(pos, &(rem))) /** * nla_for_each_nested - iterate over nested attributes * @pos: loop counter, set to current attribute * @nla: attribute containing the nested attributes * @rem: initialized to len, holds bytes currently remaining in stream */ #define nla_for_each_nested(pos, nla, rem) \ nla_for_each_attr(pos, nla_data(nla), nla_len(nla), rem) /** * nla_is_last - Test if attribute is last in stream * @nla: attribute to test * @rem: bytes remaining in stream */ static inline bool nla_is_last(const struct nlattr *nla, int rem) { return nla->nla_len == rem; } void nla_get_range_unsigned(const struct nla_policy *pt, struct netlink_range_validation *range); void nla_get_range_signed(const struct nla_policy *pt, struct netlink_range_validation_signed *range); struct netlink_policy_dump_state; int netlink_policy_dump_add_policy(struct netlink_policy_dump_state **pstate, const struct nla_policy *policy, unsigned int maxtype); int netlink_policy_dump_get_policy_idx(struct netlink_policy_dump_state *state, const struct nla_policy *policy, unsigned int maxtype); bool netlink_policy_dump_loop(struct netlink_policy_dump_state *state); int netlink_policy_dump_write(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_policy_dump_state *state); int netlink_policy_dump_attr_size_estimate(const struct nla_policy *pt); int netlink_policy_dump_write_attr(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct nla_policy *pt, int nestattr); void netlink_policy_dump_free(struct netlink_policy_dump_state *state); #endif
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8022 8023 8024 8025 8026 8027 8028 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ #ifndef __NET_CFG80211_H #define __NET_CFG80211_H /* * 802.11 device and configuration interface * * Copyright 2006-2010 Johannes Berg <johannes@sipsolutions.net> * Copyright 2013-2014 Intel Mobile Communications GmbH * Copyright 2015-2017 Intel Deutschland GmbH * Copyright (C) 2018-2020 Intel Corporation */ #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/debugfs.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/netlink.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/nl80211.h> #include <linux/if_ether.h> #include <linux/ieee80211.h> #include <linux/net.h> #include <net/regulatory.h> /** * DOC: Introduction * * cfg80211 is the configuration API for 802.11 devices in Linux. It bridges * userspace and drivers, and offers some utility functionality associated * with 802.11. cfg80211 must, directly or indirectly via mac80211, be used * by all modern wireless drivers in Linux, so that they offer a consistent * API through nl80211. For backward compatibility, cfg80211 also offers * wireless extensions to userspace, but hides them from drivers completely. * * Additionally, cfg80211 contains code to help enforce regulatory spectrum * use restrictions. */ /** * DOC: Device registration * * In order for a driver to use cfg80211, it must register the hardware device * with cfg80211. This happens through a number of hardware capability structs * described below. * * The fundamental structure for each device is the 'wiphy', of which each * instance describes a physical wireless device connected to the system. Each * such wiphy can have zero, one, or many virtual interfaces associated with * it, which need to be identified as such by pointing the network interface's * @ieee80211_ptr pointer to a &struct wireless_dev which further describes * the wireless part of the interface, normally this struct is embedded in the * network interface's private data area. Drivers can optionally allow creating * or destroying virtual interfaces on the fly, but without at least one or the * ability to create some the wireless device isn't useful. * * Each wiphy structure contains device capability information, and also has * a pointer to the various operations the driver offers. The definitions and * structures here describe these capabilities in detail. */ struct wiphy; /* * wireless hardware capability structures */ /** * enum ieee80211_channel_flags - channel flags * * Channel flags set by the regulatory control code. * * @IEEE80211_CHAN_DISABLED: This channel is disabled. * @IEEE80211_CHAN_NO_IR: do not initiate radiation, this includes * sending probe requests or beaconing. * @IEEE80211_CHAN_RADAR: Radar detection is required on this channel. * @IEEE80211_CHAN_NO_HT40PLUS: extension channel above this channel * is not permitted. * @IEEE80211_CHAN_NO_HT40MINUS: extension channel below this channel * is not permitted. * @IEEE80211_CHAN_NO_OFDM: OFDM is not allowed on this channel. * @IEEE80211_CHAN_NO_80MHZ: If the driver supports 80 MHz on the band, * this flag indicates that an 80 MHz channel cannot use this * channel as the control or any of the secondary channels. * This may be due to the driver or due to regulatory bandwidth * restrictions. * @IEEE80211_CHAN_NO_160MHZ: If the driver supports 160 MHz on the band, * this flag indicates that an 160 MHz channel cannot use this * channel as the control or any of the secondary channels. * This may be due to the driver or due to regulatory bandwidth * restrictions. * @IEEE80211_CHAN_INDOOR_ONLY: see %NL80211_FREQUENCY_ATTR_INDOOR_ONLY * @IEEE80211_CHAN_IR_CONCURRENT: see %NL80211_FREQUENCY_ATTR_IR_CONCURRENT * @IEEE80211_CHAN_NO_20MHZ: 20 MHz bandwidth is not permitted * on this channel. * @IEEE80211_CHAN_NO_10MHZ: 10 MHz bandwidth is not permitted * on this channel. * @IEEE80211_CHAN_NO_HE: HE operation is not permitted on this channel. * @IEEE80211_CHAN_1MHZ: 1 MHz bandwidth is permitted * on this channel. * @IEEE80211_CHAN_2MHZ: 2 MHz bandwidth is permitted * on this channel. * @IEEE80211_CHAN_4MHZ: 4 MHz bandwidth is permitted * on this channel. * @IEEE80211_CHAN_8MHZ: 8 MHz bandwidth is permitted * on this channel. * @IEEE80211_CHAN_16MHZ: 16 MHz bandwidth is permitted * on this channel. * */ enum ieee80211_channel_flags { IEEE80211_CHAN_DISABLED = 1<<0, IEEE80211_CHAN_NO_IR = 1<<1, /* hole at 1<<2 */ IEEE80211_CHAN_RADAR = 1<<3, IEEE80211_CHAN_NO_HT40PLUS = 1<<4, IEEE80211_CHAN_NO_HT40MINUS = 1<<5, IEEE80211_CHAN_NO_OFDM = 1<<6, IEEE80211_CHAN_NO_80MHZ = 1<<7, IEEE80211_CHAN_NO_160MHZ = 1<<8, IEEE80211_CHAN_INDOOR_ONLY = 1<<9, IEEE80211_CHAN_IR_CONCURRENT = 1<<10, IEEE80211_CHAN_NO_20MHZ = 1<<11, IEEE80211_CHAN_NO_10MHZ = 1<<12, IEEE80211_CHAN_NO_HE = 1<<13, IEEE80211_CHAN_1MHZ = 1<<14, IEEE80211_CHAN_2MHZ = 1<<15, IEEE80211_CHAN_4MHZ = 1<<16, IEEE80211_CHAN_8MHZ = 1<<17, IEEE80211_CHAN_16MHZ = 1<<18, }; #define IEEE80211_CHAN_NO_HT40 \ (IEEE80211_CHAN_NO_HT40PLUS | IEEE80211_CHAN_NO_HT40MINUS) #define IEEE80211_DFS_MIN_CAC_TIME_MS 60000 #define IEEE80211_DFS_MIN_NOP_TIME_MS (30 * 60 * 1000) /** * struct ieee80211_channel - channel definition * * This structure describes a single channel for use * with cfg80211. * * @center_freq: center frequency in MHz * @freq_offset: offset from @center_freq, in KHz * @hw_value: hardware-specific value for the channel * @flags: channel flags from &enum ieee80211_channel_flags. * @orig_flags: channel flags at registration time, used by regulatory * code to support devices with additional restrictions * @band: band this channel belongs to. * @max_antenna_gain: maximum antenna gain in dBi * @max_power: maximum transmission power (in dBm) * @max_reg_power: maximum regulatory transmission power (in dBm) * @beacon_found: helper to regulatory code to indicate when a beacon * has been found on this channel. Use regulatory_hint_found_beacon() * to enable this, this is useful only on 5 GHz band. * @orig_mag: internal use * @orig_mpwr: internal use * @dfs_state: current state of this channel. Only relevant if radar is required * on this channel. * @dfs_state_entered: timestamp (jiffies) when the dfs state was entered. * @dfs_cac_ms: DFS CAC time in milliseconds, this is valid for DFS channels. */ struct ieee80211_channel { enum nl80211_band band; u32 center_freq; u16 freq_offset; u16 hw_value; u32 flags; int max_antenna_gain; int max_power; int max_reg_power; bool beacon_found; u32 orig_flags; int orig_mag, orig_mpwr; enum nl80211_dfs_state dfs_state; unsigned long dfs_state_entered; unsigned int dfs_cac_ms; }; /** * enum ieee80211_rate_flags - rate flags * * Hardware/specification flags for rates. These are structured * in a way that allows using the same bitrate structure for * different bands/PHY modes. * * @IEEE80211_RATE_SHORT_PREAMBLE: Hardware can send with short * preamble on this bitrate; only relevant in 2.4GHz band and * with CCK rates. * @IEEE80211_RATE_MANDATORY_A: This bitrate is a mandatory rate * when used with 802.11a (on the 5 GHz band); filled by the * core code when registering the wiphy. * @IEEE80211_RATE_MANDATORY_B: This bitrate is a mandatory rate * when used with 802.11b (on the 2.4 GHz band); filled by the * core code when registering the wiphy. * @IEEE80211_RATE_MANDATORY_G: This bitrate is a mandatory rate * when used with 802.11g (on the 2.4 GHz band); filled by the * core code when registering the wiphy. * @IEEE80211_RATE_ERP_G: This is an ERP rate in 802.11g mode. * @IEEE80211_RATE_SUPPORTS_5MHZ: Rate can be used in 5 MHz mode * @IEEE80211_RATE_SUPPORTS_10MHZ: Rate can be used in 10 MHz mode */ enum ieee80211_rate_flags { IEEE80211_RATE_SHORT_PREAMBLE = 1<<0, IEEE80211_RATE_MANDATORY_A = 1<<1, IEEE80211_RATE_MANDATORY_B = 1<<2, IEEE80211_RATE_MANDATORY_G = 1<<3, IEEE80211_RATE_ERP_G = 1<<4, IEEE80211_RATE_SUPPORTS_5MHZ = 1<<5, IEEE80211_RATE_SUPPORTS_10MHZ = 1<<6, }; /** * enum ieee80211_bss_type - BSS type filter * * @IEEE80211_BSS_TYPE_ESS: Infrastructure BSS * @IEEE80211_BSS_TYPE_PBSS: Personal BSS * @IEEE80211_BSS_TYPE_IBSS: Independent BSS * @IEEE80211_BSS_TYPE_MBSS: Mesh BSS * @IEEE80211_BSS_TYPE_ANY: Wildcard value for matching any BSS type */ enum ieee80211_bss_type { IEEE80211_BSS_TYPE_ESS, IEEE80211_BSS_TYPE_PBSS, IEEE80211_BSS_TYPE_IBSS, IEEE80211_BSS_TYPE_MBSS, IEEE80211_BSS_TYPE_ANY }; /** * enum ieee80211_privacy - BSS privacy filter * * @IEEE80211_PRIVACY_ON: privacy bit set * @IEEE80211_PRIVACY_OFF: privacy bit clear * @IEEE80211_PRIVACY_ANY: Wildcard value for matching any privacy setting */ enum ieee80211_privacy { IEEE80211_PRIVACY_ON, IEEE80211_PRIVACY_OFF, IEEE80211_PRIVACY_ANY }; #define IEEE80211_PRIVACY(x) \ ((x) ? IEEE80211_PRIVACY_ON : IEEE80211_PRIVACY_OFF) /** * struct ieee80211_rate - bitrate definition * * This structure describes a bitrate that an 802.11 PHY can * operate with. The two values @hw_value and @hw_value_short * are only for driver use when pointers to this structure are * passed around. * * @flags: rate-specific flags * @bitrate: bitrate in units of 100 Kbps * @hw_value: driver/hardware value for this rate * @hw_value_short: driver/hardware value for this rate when * short preamble is used */ struct ieee80211_rate { u32 flags; u16 bitrate; u16 hw_value, hw_value_short; }; /** * struct ieee80211_he_obss_pd - AP settings for spatial reuse * * @enable: is the feature enabled. * @sr_ctrl: The SR Control field of SRP element. * @non_srg_max_offset: non-SRG maximum tx power offset * @min_offset: minimal tx power offset an associated station shall use * @max_offset: maximum tx power offset an associated station shall use * @bss_color_bitmap: bitmap that indicates the BSS color values used by * members of the SRG * @partial_bssid_bitmap: bitmap that indicates the partial BSSID values * used by members of the SRG */ struct ieee80211_he_obss_pd { bool enable; u8 sr_ctrl; u8 non_srg_max_offset; u8 min_offset; u8 max_offset; u8 bss_color_bitmap[8]; u8 partial_bssid_bitmap[8]; }; /** * struct cfg80211_he_bss_color - AP settings for BSS coloring * * @color: the current color. * @enabled: HE BSS color is used * @partial: define the AID equation. */ struct cfg80211_he_bss_color { u8 color; bool enabled; bool partial; }; /** * struct ieee80211_he_bss_color - AP settings for BSS coloring * * @color: the current color. * @disabled: is the feature disabled. * @partial: define the AID equation. */ struct ieee80211_he_bss_color { u8 color; bool disabled; bool partial; }; /** * struct ieee80211_sta_ht_cap - STA's HT capabilities * * This structure describes most essential parameters needed * to describe 802.11n HT capabilities for an STA. * * @ht_supported: is HT supported by the STA * @cap: HT capabilities map as described in 802.11n spec * @ampdu_factor: Maximum A-MPDU length factor * @ampdu_density: Minimum A-MPDU spacing * @mcs: Supported MCS rates */ struct ieee80211_sta_ht_cap { u16 cap; /* use IEEE80211_HT_CAP_ */ bool ht_supported; u8 ampdu_factor; u8 ampdu_density; struct ieee80211_mcs_info mcs; }; /** * struct ieee80211_sta_vht_cap - STA's VHT capabilities * * This structure describes most essential parameters needed * to describe 802.11ac VHT capabilities for an STA. * * @vht_supported: is VHT supported by the STA * @cap: VHT capabilities map as described in 802.11ac spec * @vht_mcs: Supported VHT MCS rates */ struct ieee80211_sta_vht_cap { bool vht_supported; u32 cap; /* use IEEE80211_VHT_CAP_ */ struct ieee80211_vht_mcs_info vht_mcs; }; #define IEEE80211_HE_PPE_THRES_MAX_LEN 25 /** * struct ieee80211_sta_he_cap - STA's HE capabilities * * This structure describes most essential parameters needed * to describe 802.11ax HE capabilities for a STA. * * @has_he: true iff HE data is valid. * @he_cap_elem: Fixed portion of the HE capabilities element. * @he_mcs_nss_supp: The supported NSS/MCS combinations. * @ppe_thres: Holds the PPE Thresholds data. */ struct ieee80211_sta_he_cap { bool has_he; struct ieee80211_he_cap_elem he_cap_elem; struct ieee80211_he_mcs_nss_supp he_mcs_nss_supp; u8 ppe_thres[IEEE80211_HE_PPE_THRES_MAX_LEN]; }; /** * struct ieee80211_sband_iftype_data * * This structure encapsulates sband data that is relevant for the * interface types defined in @types_mask. Each type in the * @types_mask must be unique across all instances of iftype_data. * * @types_mask: interface types mask * @he_cap: holds the HE capabilities * @he_6ghz_capa: HE 6 GHz capabilities, must be filled in for a * 6 GHz band channel (and 0 may be valid value). */ struct ieee80211_sband_iftype_data { u16 types_mask; struct ieee80211_sta_he_cap he_cap; struct ieee80211_he_6ghz_capa he_6ghz_capa; }; /** * enum ieee80211_edmg_bw_config - allowed channel bandwidth configurations * * @IEEE80211_EDMG_BW_CONFIG_4: 2.16GHz * @IEEE80211_EDMG_BW_CONFIG_5: 2.16GHz and 4.32GHz * @IEEE80211_EDMG_BW_CONFIG_6: 2.16GHz, 4.32GHz and 6.48GHz * @IEEE80211_EDMG_BW_CONFIG_7: 2.16GHz, 4.32GHz, 6.48GHz and 8.64GHz * @IEEE80211_EDMG_BW_CONFIG_8: 2.16GHz and 2.16GHz + 2.16GHz * @IEEE80211_EDMG_BW_CONFIG_9: 2.16GHz, 4.32GHz and 2.16GHz + 2.16GHz * @IEEE80211_EDMG_BW_CONFIG_10: 2.16GHz, 4.32GHz, 6.48GHz and 2.16GHz+2.16GHz * @IEEE80211_EDMG_BW_CONFIG_11: 2.16GHz, 4.32GHz, 6.48GHz, 8.64GHz and * 2.16GHz+2.16GHz * @IEEE80211_EDMG_BW_CONFIG_12: 2.16GHz, 2.16GHz + 2.16GHz and * 4.32GHz + 4.32GHz * @IEEE80211_EDMG_BW_CONFIG_13: 2.16GHz, 4.32GHz, 2.16GHz + 2.16GHz and * 4.32GHz + 4.32GHz * @IEEE80211_EDMG_BW_CONFIG_14: 2.16GHz, 4.32GHz, 6.48GHz, 2.16GHz + 2.16GHz * and 4.32GHz + 4.32GHz * @IEEE80211_EDMG_BW_CONFIG_15: 2.16GHz, 4.32GHz, 6.48GHz, 8.64GHz, * 2.16GHz + 2.16GHz and 4.32GHz + 4.32GHz */ enum ieee80211_edmg_bw_config { IEEE80211_EDMG_BW_CONFIG_4 = 4, IEEE80211_EDMG_BW_CONFIG_5 = 5, IEEE80211_EDMG_BW_CONFIG_6 = 6, IEEE80211_EDMG_BW_CONFIG_7 = 7, IEEE80211_EDMG_BW_CONFIG_8 = 8, IEEE80211_EDMG_BW_CONFIG_9 = 9, IEEE80211_EDMG_BW_CONFIG_10 = 10, IEEE80211_EDMG_BW_CONFIG_11 = 11, IEEE80211_EDMG_BW_CONFIG_12 = 12, IEEE80211_EDMG_BW_CONFIG_13 = 13, IEEE80211_EDMG_BW_CONFIG_14 = 14, IEEE80211_EDMG_BW_CONFIG_15 = 15, }; /** * struct ieee80211_edmg - EDMG configuration * * This structure describes most essential parameters needed * to describe 802.11ay EDMG configuration * * @channels: bitmap that indicates the 2.16 GHz channel(s) * that are allowed to be used for transmissions. * Bit 0 indicates channel 1, bit 1 indicates channel 2, etc. * Set to 0 indicate EDMG not supported. * @bw_config: Channel BW Configuration subfield encodes * the allowed channel bandwidth configurations */ struct ieee80211_edmg { u8 channels; enum ieee80211_edmg_bw_config bw_config; }; /** * struct ieee80211_sta_s1g_cap - STA's S1G capabilities * * This structure describes most essential parameters needed * to describe 802.11ah S1G capabilities for a STA. * * @s1g_supported: is STA an S1G STA * @cap: S1G capabilities information * @nss_mcs: Supported NSS MCS set */ struct ieee80211_sta_s1g_cap { bool s1g; u8 cap[10]; /* use S1G_CAPAB_ */ u8 nss_mcs[5]; }; /** * struct ieee80211_supported_band - frequency band definition * * This structure describes a frequency band a wiphy * is able to operate in. * * @channels: Array of channels the hardware can operate with * in this band. * @band: the band this structure represents * @n_channels: Number of channels in @channels * @bitrates: Array of bitrates the hardware can operate with * in this band. Must be sorted to give a valid "supported * rates" IE, i.e. CCK rates first, then OFDM. * @n_bitrates: Number of bitrates in @bitrates * @ht_cap: HT capabilities in this band * @vht_cap: VHT capabilities in this band * @s1g_cap: S1G capabilities in this band * @edmg_cap: EDMG capabilities in this band * @s1g_cap: S1G capabilities in this band (S1B band only, of course) * @n_iftype_data: number of iftype data entries * @iftype_data: interface type data entries. Note that the bits in * @types_mask inside this structure cannot overlap (i.e. only * one occurrence of each type is allowed across all instances of * iftype_data). */ struct ieee80211_supported_band { struct ieee80211_channel *channels; struct ieee80211_rate *bitrates; enum nl80211_band band; int n_channels; int n_bitrates; struct ieee80211_sta_ht_cap ht_cap; struct ieee80211_sta_vht_cap vht_cap; struct ieee80211_sta_s1g_cap s1g_cap; struct ieee80211_edmg edmg_cap; u16 n_iftype_data; const struct ieee80211_sband_iftype_data *iftype_data; }; /** * ieee80211_get_sband_iftype_data - return sband data for a given iftype * @sband: the sband to search for the STA on * @iftype: enum nl80211_iftype * * Return: pointer to struct ieee80211_sband_iftype_data, or NULL is none found */ static inline const struct ieee80211_sband_iftype_data * ieee80211_get_sband_iftype_data(const struct ieee80211_supported_band *sband, u8 iftype) { int i; if (WARN_ON(iftype >= NL80211_IFTYPE_MAX)) return NULL; for (i = 0; i < sband->n_iftype_data; i++) { const struct ieee80211_sband_iftype_data *data = &sband->iftype_data[i]; if (data->types_mask & BIT(iftype)) return data; } return NULL; } /** * ieee80211_get_he_iftype_cap - return HE capabilities for an sband's iftype * @sband: the sband to search for the iftype on * @iftype: enum nl80211_iftype * * Return: pointer to the struct ieee80211_sta_he_cap, or NULL is none found */ static inline const struct ieee80211_sta_he_cap * ieee80211_get_he_iftype_cap(const struct ieee80211_supported_band *sband, u8 iftype) { const struct ieee80211_sband_iftype_data *data = ieee80211_get_sband_iftype_data(sband, iftype); if (data && data->he_cap.has_he) return &data->he_cap; return NULL; } /** * ieee80211_get_he_sta_cap - return HE capabilities for an sband's STA * @sband: the sband to search for the STA on * * Return: pointer to the struct ieee80211_sta_he_cap, or NULL is none found */ static inline const struct ieee80211_sta_he_cap * ieee80211_get_he_sta_cap(const struct ieee80211_supported_band *sband) { return ieee80211_get_he_iftype_cap(sband, NL80211_IFTYPE_STATION); } /** * ieee80211_get_he_6ghz_capa - return HE 6 GHz capabilities * @sband: the sband to search for the STA on * @iftype: the iftype to search for * * Return: the 6GHz capabilities */ static inline __le16 ieee80211_get_he_6ghz_capa(const struct ieee80211_supported_band *sband, enum nl80211_iftype iftype) { const struct ieee80211_sband_iftype_data *data = ieee80211_get_sband_iftype_data(sband, iftype); if (WARN_ON(!data || !data->he_cap.has_he)) return 0; return data->he_6ghz_capa.capa; } /** * wiphy_read_of_freq_limits - read frequency limits from device tree * * @wiphy: the wireless device to get extra limits for * * Some devices may have extra limitations specified in DT. This may be useful * for chipsets that normally support more bands but are limited due to board * design (e.g. by antennas or external power amplifier). * * This function reads info from DT and uses it to *modify* channels (disable * unavailable ones). It's usually a *bad* idea to use it in drivers with * shared channel data as DT limitations are device specific. You should make * sure to call it only if channels in wiphy are copied and can be modified * without affecting other devices. * * As this function access device node it has to be called after set_wiphy_dev. * It also modifies channels so they have to be set first. * If using this helper, call it before wiphy_register(). */ #ifdef CONFIG_OF void wiphy_read_of_freq_limits(struct wiphy *wiphy); #else /* CONFIG_OF */ static inline void wiphy_read_of_freq_limits(struct wiphy *wiphy) { } #endif /* !CONFIG_OF */ /* * Wireless hardware/device configuration structures and methods */ /** * DOC: Actions and configuration * * Each wireless device and each virtual interface offer a set of configuration * operations and other actions that are invoked by userspace. Each of these * actions is described in the operations structure, and the parameters these * operations use are described separately. * * Additionally, some operations are asynchronous and expect to get status * information via some functions that drivers need to call. * * Scanning and BSS list handling with its associated functionality is described * in a separate chapter. */ #define VHT_MUMIMO_GROUPS_DATA_LEN (WLAN_MEMBERSHIP_LEN +\ WLAN_USER_POSITION_LEN) /** * struct vif_params - describes virtual interface parameters * @flags: monitor interface flags, unchanged if 0, otherwise * %MONITOR_FLAG_CHANGED will be set * @use_4addr: use 4-address frames * @macaddr: address to use for this virtual interface. * If this parameter is set to zero address the driver may * determine the address as needed. * This feature is only fully supported by drivers that enable the * %NL80211_FEATURE_MAC_ON_CREATE flag. Others may support creating ** only p2p devices with specified MAC. * @vht_mumimo_groups: MU-MIMO groupID, used for monitoring MU-MIMO packets * belonging to that MU-MIMO groupID; %NULL if not changed * @vht_mumimo_follow_addr: MU-MIMO follow address, used for monitoring * MU-MIMO packets going to the specified station; %NULL if not changed */ struct vif_params { u32 flags; int use_4addr; u8 macaddr[ETH_ALEN]; const u8 *vht_mumimo_groups; const u8 *vht_mumimo_follow_addr; }; /** * struct key_params - key information * * Information about a key * * @key: key material * @key_len: length of key material * @cipher: cipher suite selector * @seq: sequence counter (IV/PN) for TKIP and CCMP keys, only used * with the get_key() callback, must be in little endian, * length given by @seq_len. * @seq_len: length of @seq. * @vlan_id: vlan_id for VLAN group key (if nonzero) * @mode: key install mode (RX_TX, NO_TX or SET_TX) */ struct key_params { const u8 *key; const u8 *seq; int key_len; int seq_len; u16 vlan_id; u32 cipher; enum nl80211_key_mode mode; }; /** * struct cfg80211_chan_def - channel definition * @chan: the (control) channel * @width: channel width * @center_freq1: center frequency of first segment * @center_freq2: center frequency of second segment * (only with 80+80 MHz) * @edmg: define the EDMG channels configuration. * If edmg is requested (i.e. the .channels member is non-zero), * chan will define the primary channel and all other * parameters are ignored. * @freq1_offset: offset from @center_freq1, in KHz */ struct cfg80211_chan_def { struct ieee80211_channel *chan; enum nl80211_chan_width width; u32 center_freq1; u32 center_freq2; struct ieee80211_edmg edmg; u16 freq1_offset; }; /* * cfg80211_bitrate_mask - masks for bitrate control */ struct cfg80211_bitrate_mask { struct { u32 legacy; u8 ht_mcs[IEEE80211_HT_MCS_MASK_LEN]; u16 vht_mcs[NL80211_VHT_NSS_MAX]; u16 he_mcs[NL80211_HE_NSS_MAX]; enum nl80211_txrate_gi gi; enum nl80211_he_gi he_gi; enum nl80211_he_ltf he_ltf; } control[NUM_NL80211_BANDS]; }; /** * struct cfg80211_tid_cfg - TID specific configuration * @config_override: Flag to notify driver to reset TID configuration * of the peer. * @tids: bitmap of TIDs to modify * @mask: bitmap of attributes indicating which parameter changed, * similar to &nl80211_tid_config_supp. * @noack: noack configuration value for the TID * @retry_long: retry count value * @retry_short: retry count value * @ampdu: Enable/Disable MPDU aggregation * @rtscts: Enable/Disable RTS/CTS * @amsdu: Enable/Disable MSDU aggregation * @txrate_type: Tx bitrate mask type * @txrate_mask: Tx bitrate to be applied for the TID */ struct cfg80211_tid_cfg { bool config_override; u8 tids; u64 mask; enum nl80211_tid_config noack; u8 retry_long, retry_short; enum nl80211_tid_config ampdu; enum nl80211_tid_config rtscts; enum nl80211_tid_config amsdu; enum nl80211_tx_rate_setting txrate_type; struct cfg80211_bitrate_mask txrate_mask; }; /** * struct cfg80211_tid_config - TID configuration * @peer: Station's MAC address * @n_tid_conf: Number of TID specific configurations to be applied * @tid_conf: Configuration change info */ struct cfg80211_tid_config { const u8 *peer; u32 n_tid_conf; struct cfg80211_tid_cfg tid_conf[]; }; /** * cfg80211_get_chandef_type - return old channel type from chandef * @chandef: the channel definition * * Return: The old channel type (NOHT, HT20, HT40+/-) from a given * chandef, which must have a bandwidth allowing this conversion. */ static inline enum nl80211_channel_type cfg80211_get_chandef_type(const struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef) { switch (chandef->width) { case NL80211_CHAN_WIDTH_20_NOHT: return NL80211_CHAN_NO_HT; case NL80211_CHAN_WIDTH_20: return NL80211_CHAN_HT20; case NL80211_CHAN_WIDTH_40: if (chandef->center_freq1 > chandef->chan->center_freq) return NL80211_CHAN_HT40PLUS; return NL80211_CHAN_HT40MINUS; default: WARN_ON(1); return NL80211_CHAN_NO_HT; } } /** * cfg80211_chandef_create - create channel definition using channel type * @chandef: the channel definition struct to fill * @channel: the control channel * @chantype: the channel type * * Given a channel type, create a channel definition. */ void cfg80211_chandef_create(struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef, struct ieee80211_channel *channel, enum nl80211_channel_type chantype); /** * cfg80211_chandef_identical - check if two channel definitions are identical * @chandef1: first channel definition * @chandef2: second channel definition * * Return: %true if the channels defined by the channel definitions are * identical, %false otherwise. */ static inline bool cfg80211_chandef_identical(const struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef1, const struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef2) { return (chandef1->chan == chandef2->chan && chandef1->width == chandef2->width && chandef1->center_freq1 == chandef2->center_freq1 && chandef1->freq1_offset == chandef2->freq1_offset && chandef1->center_freq2 == chandef2->center_freq2); } /** * cfg80211_chandef_is_edmg - check if chandef represents an EDMG channel * * @chandef: the channel definition * * Return: %true if EDMG defined, %false otherwise. */ static inline bool cfg80211_chandef_is_edmg(const struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef) { return chandef->edmg.channels || chandef->edmg.bw_config; } /** * cfg80211_chandef_compatible - check if two channel definitions are compatible * @chandef1: first channel definition * @chandef2: second channel definition * * Return: %NULL if the given channel definitions are incompatible, * chandef1 or chandef2 otherwise. */ const struct cfg80211_chan_def * cfg80211_chandef_compatible(const struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef1, const struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef2); /** * cfg80211_chandef_valid - check if a channel definition is valid * @chandef: the channel definition to check * Return: %true if the channel definition is valid. %false otherwise. */ bool cfg80211_chandef_valid(const struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef); /** * cfg80211_chandef_usable - check if secondary channels can be used * @wiphy: the wiphy to validate against * @chandef: the channel definition to check * @prohibited_flags: the regulatory channel flags that must not be set * Return: %true if secondary channels are usable. %false otherwise. */ bool cfg80211_chandef_usable(struct wiphy *wiphy, const struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef, u32 prohibited_flags); /** * cfg80211_chandef_dfs_required - checks if radar detection is required * @wiphy: the wiphy to validate against * @chandef: the channel definition to check * @iftype: the interface type as specified in &enum nl80211_iftype * Returns: * 1 if radar detection is required, 0 if it is not, < 0 on error */ int cfg80211_chandef_dfs_required(struct wiphy *wiphy, const struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef, enum nl80211_iftype iftype); /** * ieee80211_chandef_rate_flags - returns rate flags for a channel * * In some channel types, not all rates may be used - for example CCK * rates may not be used in 5/10 MHz channels. * * @chandef: channel definition for the channel * * Returns: rate flags which apply for this channel */ static inline enum ieee80211_rate_flags ieee80211_chandef_rate_flags(struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef) { switch (chandef->width) { case NL80211_CHAN_WIDTH_5: return IEEE80211_RATE_SUPPORTS_5MHZ; case NL80211_CHAN_WIDTH_10: return IEEE80211_RATE_SUPPORTS_10MHZ; default: break; } return 0; } /** * ieee80211_chandef_max_power - maximum transmission power for the chandef * * In some regulations, the transmit power may depend on the configured channel * bandwidth which may be defined as dBm/MHz. This function returns the actual * max_power for non-standard (20 MHz) channels. * * @chandef: channel definition for the channel * * Returns: maximum allowed transmission power in dBm for the chandef */ static inline int ieee80211_chandef_max_power(struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef) { switch (chandef->width) { case NL80211_CHAN_WIDTH_5: return min(chandef->chan->max_reg_power - 6, chandef->chan->max_power); case NL80211_CHAN_WIDTH_10: return min(chandef->chan->max_reg_power - 3, chandef->chan->max_power); default: break; } return chandef->chan->max_power; } /** * enum survey_info_flags - survey information flags * * @SURVEY_INFO_NOISE_DBM: noise (in dBm) was filled in * @SURVEY_INFO_IN_USE: channel is currently being used * @SURVEY_INFO_TIME: active time (in ms) was filled in * @SURVEY_INFO_TIME_BUSY: busy time was filled in * @SURVEY_INFO_TIME_EXT_BUSY: extension channel busy time was filled in * @SURVEY_INFO_TIME_RX: receive time was filled in * @SURVEY_INFO_TIME_TX: transmit time was filled in * @SURVEY_INFO_TIME_SCAN: scan time was filled in * @SURVEY_INFO_TIME_BSS_RX: local BSS receive time was filled in * * Used by the driver to indicate which info in &struct survey_info * it has filled in during the get_survey(). */ enum survey_info_flags { SURVEY_INFO_NOISE_DBM = BIT(0), SURVEY_INFO_IN_USE = BIT(1), SURVEY_INFO_TIME = BIT(2), SURVEY_INFO_TIME_BUSY = BIT(3), SURVEY_INFO_TIME_EXT_BUSY = BIT(4), SURVEY_INFO_TIME_RX = BIT(5), SURVEY_INFO_TIME_TX = BIT(6), SURVEY_INFO_TIME_SCAN = BIT(7), SURVEY_INFO_TIME_BSS_RX = BIT(8), }; /** * struct survey_info - channel survey response * * @channel: the channel this survey record reports, may be %NULL for a single * record to report global statistics * @filled: bitflag of flags from &enum survey_info_flags * @noise: channel noise in dBm. This and all following fields are * optional * @time: amount of time in ms the radio was turn on (on the channel) * @time_busy: amount of time the primary channel was sensed busy * @time_ext_busy: amount of time the extension channel was sensed busy * @time_rx: amount of time the radio spent receiving data * @time_tx: amount of time the radio spent transmitting data * @time_scan: amount of time the radio spent for scanning * @time_bss_rx: amount of time the radio spent receiving data on a local BSS * * Used by dump_survey() to report back per-channel survey information. * * This structure can later be expanded with things like * channel duty cycle etc. */ struct survey_info { struct ieee80211_channel *channel; u64 time; u64 time_busy; u64 time_ext_busy; u64 time_rx; u64 time_tx; u64 time_scan; u64 time_bss_rx; u32 filled; s8 noise; }; #define CFG80211_MAX_WEP_KEYS 4 /** * struct cfg80211_crypto_settings - Crypto settings * @wpa_versions: indicates which, if any, WPA versions are enabled * (from enum nl80211_wpa_versions) * @cipher_group: group key cipher suite (or 0 if unset) * @n_ciphers_pairwise: number of AP supported unicast ciphers * @ciphers_pairwise: unicast key cipher suites * @n_akm_suites: number of AKM suites * @akm_suites: AKM suites * @control_port: Whether user space controls IEEE 802.1X port, i.e., * sets/clears %NL80211_STA_FLAG_AUTHORIZED. If true, the driver is * required to assume that the port is unauthorized until authorized by * user space. Otherwise, port is marked authorized by default. * @control_port_ethertype: the control port protocol that should be * allowed through even on unauthorized ports * @control_port_no_encrypt: TRUE to prevent encryption of control port * protocol frames. * @control_port_over_nl80211: TRUE if userspace expects to exchange control * port frames over NL80211 instead of the network interface. * @control_port_no_preauth: disables pre-auth rx over the nl80211 control * port for mac80211 * @wep_keys: static WEP keys, if not NULL points to an array of * CFG80211_MAX_WEP_KEYS WEP keys * @wep_tx_key: key index (0..3) of the default TX static WEP key * @psk: PSK (for devices supporting 4-way-handshake offload) * @sae_pwd: password for SAE authentication (for devices supporting SAE * offload) * @sae_pwd_len: length of SAE password (for devices supporting SAE offload) */ struct cfg80211_crypto_settings { u32 wpa_versions; u32 cipher_group; int n_ciphers_pairwise; u32 ciphers_pairwise[NL80211_MAX_NR_CIPHER_SUITES]; int n_akm_suites; u32 akm_suites[NL80211_MAX_NR_AKM_SUITES]; bool control_port; __be16 control_port_ethertype; bool control_port_no_encrypt; bool control_port_over_nl80211; bool control_port_no_preauth; struct key_params *wep_keys; int wep_tx_key; const u8 *psk; const u8 *sae_pwd; u8 sae_pwd_len; }; /** * struct cfg80211_beacon_data - beacon data * @head: head portion of beacon (before TIM IE) * or %NULL if not changed * @tail: tail portion of beacon (after TIM IE) * or %NULL if not changed * @head_len: length of @head * @tail_len: length of @tail * @beacon_ies: extra information element(s) to add into Beacon frames or %NULL * @beacon_ies_len: length of beacon_ies in octets * @proberesp_ies: extra information element(s) to add into Probe Response * frames or %NULL * @proberesp_ies_len: length of proberesp_ies in octets * @assocresp_ies: extra information element(s) to add into (Re)Association * Response frames or %NULL * @assocresp_ies_len: length of assocresp_ies in octets * @probe_resp_len: length of probe response template (@probe_resp) * @probe_resp: probe response template (AP mode only) * @ftm_responder: enable FTM responder functionality; -1 for no change * (which also implies no change in LCI/civic location data) * @lci: Measurement Report element content, starting with Measurement Token * (measurement type 8) * @civicloc: Measurement Report element content, starting with Measurement * Token (measurement type 11) * @lci_len: LCI data length * @civicloc_len: Civic location data length */ struct cfg80211_beacon_data { const u8 *head, *tail; const u8 *beacon_ies; const u8 *proberesp_ies; const u8 *assocresp_ies; const u8 *probe_resp; const u8 *lci; const u8 *civicloc; s8 ftm_responder; size_t head_len, tail_len; size_t beacon_ies_len; size_t proberesp_ies_len; size_t assocresp_ies_len; size_t probe_resp_len; size_t lci_len; size_t civicloc_len; }; struct mac_address { u8 addr[ETH_ALEN]; }; /** * struct cfg80211_acl_data - Access control list data * * @acl_policy: ACL policy to be applied on the station's * entry specified by mac_addr * @n_acl_entries: Number of MAC address entries passed * @mac_addrs: List of MAC addresses of stations to be used for ACL */ struct cfg80211_acl_data { enum nl80211_acl_policy acl_policy; int n_acl_entries; /* Keep it last */ struct mac_address mac_addrs[]; }; /** * struct cfg80211_fils_discovery - FILS discovery parameters from * IEEE Std 802.11ai-2016, Annex C.3 MIB detail. * * @min_interval: Minimum packet interval in TUs (0 - 10000) * @max_interval: Maximum packet interval in TUs (0 - 10000) * @tmpl_len: Template length * @tmpl: Template data for FILS discovery frame including the action * frame headers. */ struct cfg80211_fils_discovery { u32 min_interval; u32 max_interval; size_t tmpl_len; const u8 *tmpl; }; /** * struct cfg80211_unsol_bcast_probe_resp - Unsolicited broadcast probe * response parameters in 6GHz. * * @interval: Packet interval in TUs. Maximum allowed is 20 TU, as mentioned * in IEEE P802.11ax/D6.0 26.17.2.3.2 - AP behavior for fast passive * scanning * @tmpl_len: Template length * @tmpl: Template data for probe response */ struct cfg80211_unsol_bcast_probe_resp { u32 interval; size_t tmpl_len; const u8 *tmpl; }; /** * enum cfg80211_ap_settings_flags - AP settings flags * * Used by cfg80211_ap_settings * * @AP_SETTINGS_EXTERNAL_AUTH_SUPPORT: AP supports external authentication */ enum cfg80211_ap_settings_flags { AP_SETTINGS_EXTERNAL_AUTH_SUPPORT = BIT(0), }; /** * struct cfg80211_ap_settings - AP configuration * * Used to configure an AP interface. * * @chandef: defines the channel to use * @beacon: beacon data * @beacon_interval: beacon interval * @dtim_period: DTIM period * @ssid: SSID to be used in the BSS (note: may be %NULL if not provided from * user space) * @ssid_len: length of @ssid * @hidden_ssid: whether to hide the SSID in Beacon/Probe Response frames * @crypto: crypto settings * @privacy: the BSS uses privacy * @auth_type: Authentication type (algorithm) * @smps_mode: SMPS mode * @inactivity_timeout: time in seconds to determine station's inactivity. * @p2p_ctwindow: P2P CT Window * @p2p_opp_ps: P2P opportunistic PS * @acl: ACL configuration used by the drivers which has support for * MAC address based access control * @pbss: If set, start as a PCP instead of AP. Relevant for DMG * networks. * @beacon_rate: bitrate to be used for beacons * @ht_cap: HT capabilities (or %NULL if HT isn't enabled) * @vht_cap: VHT capabilities (or %NULL if VHT isn't enabled) * @he_cap: HE capabilities (or %NULL if HE isn't enabled) * @ht_required: stations must support HT * @vht_required: stations must support VHT * @twt_responder: Enable Target Wait Time * @he_required: stations must support HE * @flags: flags, as defined in enum cfg80211_ap_settings_flags * @he_obss_pd: OBSS Packet Detection settings * @he_bss_color: BSS Color settings * @he_oper: HE operation IE (or %NULL if HE isn't enabled) * @fils_discovery: FILS discovery transmission parameters * @unsol_bcast_probe_resp: Unsolicited broadcast probe response parameters */ struct cfg80211_ap_settings { struct cfg80211_chan_def chandef; struct cfg80211_beacon_data beacon; int beacon_interval, dtim_period; const u8 *ssid; size_t ssid_len; enum nl80211_hidden_ssid hidden_ssid; struct cfg80211_crypto_settings crypto; bool privacy; enum nl80211_auth_type auth_type; enum nl80211_smps_mode smps_mode; int inactivity_timeout; u8 p2p_ctwindow; bool p2p_opp_ps; const struct cfg80211_acl_data *acl; bool pbss; struct cfg80211_bitrate_mask beacon_rate; const struct ieee80211_ht_cap *ht_cap; const struct ieee80211_vht_cap *vht_cap; const struct ieee80211_he_cap_elem *he_cap; const struct ieee80211_he_operation *he_oper; bool ht_required, vht_required, he_required; bool twt_responder; u32 flags; struct ieee80211_he_obss_pd he_obss_pd; struct cfg80211_he_bss_color he_bss_color; struct cfg80211_fils_discovery fils_discovery; struct cfg80211_unsol_bcast_probe_resp unsol_bcast_probe_resp; }; /** * struct cfg80211_csa_settings - channel switch settings * * Used for channel switch * * @chandef: defines the channel to use after the switch * @beacon_csa: beacon data while performing the switch * @counter_offsets_beacon: offsets of the counters within the beacon (tail) * @counter_offsets_presp: offsets of the counters within the probe response * @n_counter_offsets_beacon: number of csa counters the beacon (tail) * @n_counter_offsets_presp: number of csa counters in the probe response * @beacon_after: beacon data to be used on the new channel * @radar_required: whether radar detection is required on the new channel * @block_tx: whether transmissions should be blocked while changing * @count: number of beacons until switch */ struct cfg80211_csa_settings { struct cfg80211_chan_def chandef; struct cfg80211_beacon_data beacon_csa; const u16 *counter_offsets_beacon; const u16 *counter_offsets_presp; unsigned int n_counter_offsets_beacon; unsigned int n_counter_offsets_presp; struct cfg80211_beacon_data beacon_after; bool radar_required; bool block_tx; u8 count; }; #define CFG80211_MAX_NUM_DIFFERENT_CHANNELS 10 /** * struct iface_combination_params - input parameters for interface combinations * * Used to pass interface combination parameters * * @num_different_channels: the number of different channels we want * to use for verification * @radar_detect: a bitmap where each bit corresponds to a channel * width where radar detection is needed, as in the definition of * &struct ieee80211_iface_combination.@radar_detect_widths * @iftype_num: array with the number of interfaces of each interface * type. The index is the interface type as specified in &enum * nl80211_iftype. * @new_beacon_int: set this to the beacon interval of a new interface * that's not operating yet, if such is to be checked as part of * the verification */ struct iface_combination_params { int num_different_channels; u8 radar_detect; int iftype_num[NUM_NL80211_IFTYPES]; u32 new_beacon_int; }; /** * enum station_parameters_apply_mask - station parameter values to apply * @STATION_PARAM_APPLY_UAPSD: apply new uAPSD parameters (uapsd_queues, max_sp) * @STATION_PARAM_APPLY_CAPABILITY: apply new capability * @STATION_PARAM_APPLY_PLINK_STATE: apply new plink state * * Not all station parameters have in-band "no change" signalling, * for those that don't these flags will are used. */ enum station_parameters_apply_mask { STATION_PARAM_APPLY_UAPSD = BIT(0), STATION_PARAM_APPLY_CAPABILITY = BIT(1), STATION_PARAM_APPLY_PLINK_STATE = BIT(2), STATION_PARAM_APPLY_STA_TXPOWER = BIT(3), }; /** * struct sta_txpwr - station txpower configuration * * Used to configure txpower for station. * * @power: tx power (in dBm) to be used for sending data traffic. If tx power * is not provided, the default per-interface tx power setting will be * overriding. Driver should be picking up the lowest tx power, either tx * power per-interface or per-station. * @type: In particular if TPC %type is NL80211_TX_POWER_LIMITED then tx power * will be less than or equal to specified from userspace, whereas if TPC * %type is NL80211_TX_POWER_AUTOMATIC then it indicates default tx power. * NL80211_TX_POWER_FIXED is not a valid configuration option for * per peer TPC. */ struct sta_txpwr { s16 power; enum nl80211_tx_power_setting type; }; /** * struct station_parameters - station parameters * * Used to change and create a new station. * * @vlan: vlan interface station should belong to * @supported_rates: supported rates in IEEE 802.11 format * (or NULL for no change) * @supported_rates_len: number of supported rates * @sta_flags_mask: station flags that changed * (bitmask of BIT(%NL80211_STA_FLAG_...)) * @sta_flags_set: station flags values * (bitmask of BIT(%NL80211_STA_FLAG_...)) * @listen_interval: listen interval or -1 for no change * @aid: AID or zero for no change * @vlan_id: VLAN ID for station (if nonzero) * @peer_aid: mesh peer AID or zero for no change * @plink_action: plink action to take * @plink_state: set the peer link state for a station * @ht_capa: HT capabilities of station * @vht_capa: VHT capabilities of station * @uapsd_queues: bitmap of queues configured for uapsd. same format * as the AC bitmap in the QoS info field * @max_sp: max Service Period. same format as the MAX_SP in the * QoS info field (but already shifted down) * @sta_modify_mask: bitmap indicating which parameters changed * (for those that don't have a natural "no change" value), * see &enum station_parameters_apply_mask * @local_pm: local link-specific mesh power save mode (no change when set * to unknown) * @capability: station capability * @ext_capab: extended capabilities of the station * @ext_capab_len: number of extended capabilities * @supported_channels: supported channels in IEEE 802.11 format * @supported_channels_len: number of supported channels * @supported_oper_classes: supported oper classes in IEEE 802.11 format * @supported_oper_classes_len: number of supported operating classes * @opmode_notif: operating mode field from Operating Mode Notification * @opmode_notif_used: information if operating mode field is used * @support_p2p_ps: information if station supports P2P PS mechanism * @he_capa: HE capabilities of station * @he_capa_len: the length of the HE capabilities * @airtime_weight: airtime scheduler weight for this station * @txpwr: transmit power for an associated station * @he_6ghz_capa: HE 6 GHz Band capabilities of station */ struct station_parameters { const u8 *supported_rates; struct net_device *vlan; u32 sta_flags_mask, sta_flags_set; u32 sta_modify_mask; int listen_interval; u16 aid; u16 vlan_id; u16 peer_aid; u8 supported_rates_len; u8 plink_action; u8 plink_state; const struct ieee80211_ht_cap *ht_capa; const struct ieee80211_vht_cap *vht_capa; u8 uapsd_queues; u8 max_sp; enum nl80211_mesh_power_mode local_pm; u16 capability; const u8 *ext_capab; u8 ext_capab_len; const u8 *supported_channels; u8 supported_channels_len; const u8 *supported_oper_classes; u8 supported_oper_classes_len; u8 opmode_notif; bool opmode_notif_used; int support_p2p_ps; const struct ieee80211_he_cap_elem *he_capa; u8 he_capa_len; u16 airtime_weight; struct sta_txpwr txpwr; const struct ieee80211_he_6ghz_capa *he_6ghz_capa; }; /** * struct station_del_parameters - station deletion parameters * * Used to delete a station entry (or all stations). * * @mac: MAC address of the station to remove or NULL to remove all stations * @subtype: Management frame subtype to use for indicating removal * (10 = Disassociation, 12 = Deauthentication) * @reason_code: Reason code for the Disassociation/Deauthentication frame */ struct station_del_parameters { const u8 *mac; u8 subtype; u16 reason_code; }; /** * enum cfg80211_station_type - the type of station being modified * @CFG80211_STA_AP_CLIENT: client of an AP interface * @CFG80211_STA_AP_CLIENT_UNASSOC: client of an AP interface that is still * unassociated (update properties for this type of client is permitted) * @CFG80211_STA_AP_MLME_CLIENT: client of an AP interface that has * the AP MLME in the device * @CFG80211_STA_AP_STA: AP station on managed interface * @CFG80211_STA_IBSS: IBSS station * @CFG80211_STA_TDLS_PEER_SETUP: TDLS peer on managed interface (dummy entry * while TDLS setup is in progress, it moves out of this state when * being marked authorized; use this only if TDLS with external setup is * supported/used) * @CFG80211_STA_TDLS_PEER_ACTIVE: TDLS peer on managed interface (active * entry that is operating, has been marked authorized by userspace) * @CFG80211_STA_MESH_PEER_KERNEL: peer on mesh interface (kernel managed) * @CFG80211_STA_MESH_PEER_USER: peer on mesh interface (user managed) */ enum cfg80211_station_type { CFG80211_STA_AP_CLIENT, CFG80211_STA_AP_CLIENT_UNASSOC, CFG80211_STA_AP_MLME_CLIENT, CFG80211_STA_AP_STA, CFG80211_STA_IBSS, CFG80211_STA_TDLS_PEER_SETUP, CFG80211_STA_TDLS_PEER_ACTIVE, CFG80211_STA_MESH_PEER_KERNEL, CFG80211_STA_MESH_PEER_USER, }; /** * cfg80211_check_station_change - validate parameter changes * @wiphy: the wiphy this operates on * @params: the new parameters for a station * @statype: the type of station being modified * * Utility function for the @change_station driver method. Call this function * with the appropriate station type looking up the station (and checking that * it exists). It will verify whether the station change is acceptable, and if * not will return an error code. Note that it may modify the parameters for * backward compatibility reasons, so don't use them before calling this. */ int cfg80211_check_station_change(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct station_parameters *params, enum cfg80211_station_type statype); /** * enum rate_info_flags - bitrate info flags * * Used by the driver to indicate the specific rate transmission * type for 802.11n transmissions. * * @RATE_INFO_FLAGS_MCS: mcs field filled with HT MCS * @RATE_INFO_FLAGS_VHT_MCS: mcs field filled with VHT MCS * @RATE_INFO_FLAGS_SHORT_GI: 400ns guard interval * @RATE_INFO_FLAGS_DMG: 60GHz MCS * @RATE_INFO_FLAGS_HE_MCS: HE MCS information * @RATE_INFO_FLAGS_EDMG: 60GHz MCS in EDMG mode */ enum rate_info_flags { RATE_INFO_FLAGS_MCS = BIT(0), RATE_INFO_FLAGS_VHT_MCS = BIT(1), RATE_INFO_FLAGS_SHORT_GI = BIT(2), RATE_INFO_FLAGS_DMG = BIT(3), RATE_INFO_FLAGS_HE_MCS = BIT(4), RATE_INFO_FLAGS_EDMG = BIT(5), }; /** * enum rate_info_bw - rate bandwidth information * * Used by the driver to indicate the rate bandwidth. * * @RATE_INFO_BW_5: 5 MHz bandwidth * @RATE_INFO_BW_10: 10 MHz bandwidth * @RATE_INFO_BW_20: 20 MHz bandwidth * @RATE_INFO_BW_40: 40 MHz bandwidth * @RATE_INFO_BW_80: 80 MHz bandwidth * @RATE_INFO_BW_160: 160 MHz bandwidth * @RATE_INFO_BW_HE_RU: bandwidth determined by HE RU allocation */ enum rate_info_bw { RATE_INFO_BW_20 = 0, RATE_INFO_BW_5, RATE_INFO_BW_10, RATE_INFO_BW_40, RATE_INFO_BW_80, RATE_INFO_BW_160, RATE_INFO_BW_HE_RU, }; /** * struct rate_info - bitrate information * * Information about a receiving or transmitting bitrate * * @flags: bitflag of flags from &enum rate_info_flags * @mcs: mcs index if struct describes an HT/VHT/HE rate * @legacy: bitrate in 100kbit/s for 802.11abg * @nss: number of streams (VHT & HE only) * @bw: bandwidth (from &enum rate_info_bw) * @he_gi: HE guard interval (from &enum nl80211_he_gi) * @he_dcm: HE DCM value * @he_ru_alloc: HE RU allocation (from &enum nl80211_he_ru_alloc, * only valid if bw is %RATE_INFO_BW_HE_RU) * @n_bonded_ch: In case of EDMG the number of bonded channels (1-4) */ struct rate_info { u8 flags; u8 mcs; u16 legacy; u8 nss; u8 bw; u8 he_gi; u8 he_dcm; u8 he_ru_alloc; u8 n_bonded_ch; }; /** * enum bss_param_flags - bitrate info flags * * Used by the driver to indicate the specific rate transmission * type for 802.11n transmissions. * * @BSS_PARAM_FLAGS_CTS_PROT: whether CTS protection is enabled * @BSS_PARAM_FLAGS_SHORT_PREAMBLE: whether short preamble is enabled * @BSS_PARAM_FLAGS_SHORT_SLOT_TIME: whether short slot time is enabled */ enum bss_param_flags { BSS_PARAM_FLAGS_CTS_PROT = 1<<0, BSS_PARAM_FLAGS_SHORT_PREAMBLE = 1<<1, BSS_PARAM_FLAGS_SHORT_SLOT_TIME = 1<<2, }; /** * struct sta_bss_parameters - BSS parameters for the attached station * * Information about the currently associated BSS * * @flags: bitflag of flags from &enum bss_param_flags * @dtim_period: DTIM period for the BSS * @beacon_interval: beacon interval */ struct sta_bss_parameters { u8 flags; u8 dtim_period; u16 beacon_interval; }; /** * struct cfg80211_txq_stats - TXQ statistics for this TID * @filled: bitmap of flags using the bits of &enum nl80211_txq_stats to * indicate the relevant values in this struct are filled * @backlog_bytes: total number of bytes currently backlogged * @backlog_packets: total number of packets currently backlogged * @flows: number of new flows seen * @drops: total number of packets dropped * @ecn_marks: total number of packets marked with ECN CE * @overlimit: number of drops due to queue space overflow * @overmemory: number of drops due to memory limit overflow * @collisions: number of hash collisions * @tx_bytes: total number of bytes dequeued * @tx_packets: total number of packets dequeued * @max_flows: maximum number of flows supported */ struct cfg80211_txq_stats { u32 filled; u32 backlog_bytes; u32 backlog_packets; u32 flows; u32 drops; u32 ecn_marks; u32 overlimit; u32 overmemory; u32 collisions; u32 tx_bytes; u32 tx_packets; u32 max_flows; }; /** * struct cfg80211_tid_stats - per-TID statistics * @filled: bitmap of flags using the bits of &enum nl80211_tid_stats to * indicate the relevant values in this struct are filled * @rx_msdu: number of received MSDUs * @tx_msdu: number of (attempted) transmitted MSDUs * @tx_msdu_retries: number of retries (not counting the first) for * transmitted MSDUs * @tx_msdu_failed: number of failed transmitted MSDUs * @txq_stats: TXQ statistics */ struct cfg80211_tid_stats { u32 filled; u64 rx_msdu; u64 tx_msdu; u64 tx_msdu_retries; u64 tx_msdu_failed; struct cfg80211_txq_stats txq_stats; }; #define IEEE80211_MAX_CHAINS 4 /** * struct station_info - station information * * Station information filled by driver for get_station() and dump_station. * * @filled: bitflag of flags using the bits of &enum nl80211_sta_info to * indicate the relevant values in this struct for them * @connected_time: time(in secs) since a station is last connected * @inactive_time: time since last station activity (tx/rx) in milliseconds * @assoc_at: bootime (ns) of the last association * @rx_bytes: bytes (size of MPDUs) received from this station * @tx_bytes: bytes (size of MPDUs) transmitted to this station * @llid: mesh local link id * @plid: mesh peer link id * @plink_state: mesh peer link state * @signal: The signal strength, type depends on the wiphy's signal_type. * For CFG80211_SIGNAL_TYPE_MBM, value is expressed in _dBm_. * @signal_avg: Average signal strength, type depends on the wiphy's signal_type. * For CFG80211_SIGNAL_TYPE_MBM, value is expressed in _dBm_. * @chains: bitmask for filled values in @chain_signal, @chain_signal_avg * @chain_signal: per-chain signal strength of last received packet in dBm * @chain_signal_avg: per-chain signal strength average in dBm * @txrate: current unicast bitrate from this station * @rxrate: current unicast bitrate to this station * @rx_packets: packets (MSDUs & MMPDUs) received from this station * @tx_packets: packets (MSDUs & MMPDUs) transmitted to this station * @tx_retries: cumulative retry counts (MPDUs) * @tx_failed: number of failed transmissions (MPDUs) (retries exceeded, no ACK) * @rx_dropped_misc: Dropped for un-specified reason. * @bss_param: current BSS parameters * @generation: generation number for nl80211 dumps. * This number should increase every time the list of stations * changes, i.e. when a station is added or removed, so that * userspace can tell whether it got a consistent snapshot. * @assoc_req_ies: IEs from (Re)Association Request. * This is used only when in AP mode with drivers that do not use * user space MLME/SME implementation. The information is provided for * the cfg80211_new_sta() calls to notify user space of the IEs. * @assoc_req_ies_len: Length of assoc_req_ies buffer in octets. * @sta_flags: station flags mask & values * @beacon_loss_count: Number of times beacon loss event has triggered. * @t_offset: Time offset of the station relative to this host. * @local_pm: local mesh STA power save mode * @peer_pm: peer mesh STA power save mode * @nonpeer_pm: non-peer mesh STA power save mode * @expected_throughput: expected throughput in kbps (including 802.11 headers) * towards this station. * @rx_beacon: number of beacons received from this peer * @rx_beacon_signal_avg: signal strength average (in dBm) for beacons received * from this peer * @connected_to_gate: true if mesh STA has a path to mesh gate * @rx_duration: aggregate PPDU duration(usecs) for all the frames from a peer * @tx_duration: aggregate PPDU duration(usecs) for all the frames to a peer * @airtime_weight: current airtime scheduling weight * @pertid: per-TID statistics, see &struct cfg80211_tid_stats, using the last * (IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS) index for MSDUs not encapsulated in QoS-MPDUs. * Note that this doesn't use the @filled bit, but is used if non-NULL. * @ack_signal: signal strength (in dBm) of the last ACK frame. * @avg_ack_signal: average rssi value of ack packet for the no of msdu's has * been sent. * @rx_mpdu_count: number of MPDUs received from this station * @fcs_err_count: number of packets (MPDUs) received from this station with * an FCS error. This counter should be incremented only when TA of the * received packet with an FCS error matches the peer MAC address. * @airtime_link_metric: mesh airtime link metric. * @connected_to_as: true if mesh STA has a path to authentication server */ struct station_info { u64 filled; u32 connected_time; u32 inactive_time; u64 assoc_at; u64 rx_bytes; u64 tx_bytes; u16 llid; u16 plid; u8 plink_state; s8 signal; s8 signal_avg; u8 chains; s8 chain_signal[IEEE80211_MAX_CHAINS]; s8 chain_signal_avg[IEEE80211_MAX_CHAINS]; struct rate_info txrate; struct rate_info rxrate; u32 rx_packets; u32 tx_packets; u32 tx_retries; u32 tx_failed; u32 rx_dropped_misc; struct sta_bss_parameters bss_param; struct nl80211_sta_flag_update sta_flags; int generation; const u8 *assoc_req_ies; size_t assoc_req_ies_len; u32 beacon_loss_count; s64 t_offset; enum nl80211_mesh_power_mode local_pm; enum nl80211_mesh_power_mode peer_pm; enum nl80211_mesh_power_mode nonpeer_pm; u32 expected_throughput; u64 tx_duration; u64 rx_duration; u64 rx_beacon; u8 rx_beacon_signal_avg; u8 connected_to_gate; struct cfg80211_tid_stats *pertid; s8 ack_signal; s8 avg_ack_signal; u16 airtime_weight; u32 rx_mpdu_count; u32 fcs_err_count; u32 airtime_link_metric; u8 connected_to_as; }; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CFG80211) /** * cfg80211_get_station - retrieve information about a given station * @dev: the device where the station is supposed to be connected to * @mac_addr: the mac address of the station of interest * @sinfo: pointer to the structure to fill with the information * * Returns 0 on success and sinfo is filled with the available information * otherwise returns a negative error code and the content of sinfo has to be * considered undefined. */ int cfg80211_get_station(struct net_device *dev, const u8 *mac_addr, struct station_info *sinfo); #else static inline int cfg80211_get_station(struct net_device *dev, const u8 *mac_addr, struct station_info *sinfo) { return -ENOENT; } #endif /** * enum monitor_flags - monitor flags * * Monitor interface configuration flags. Note that these must be the bits * according to the nl80211 flags. * * @MONITOR_FLAG_CHANGED: set if the flags were changed * @MONITOR_FLAG_FCSFAIL: pass frames with bad FCS * @MONITOR_FLAG_PLCPFAIL: pass frames with bad PLCP * @MONITOR_FLAG_CONTROL: pass control frames * @MONITOR_FLAG_OTHER_BSS: disable BSSID filtering * @MONITOR_FLAG_COOK_FRAMES: report frames after processing * @MONITOR_FLAG_ACTIVE: active monitor, ACKs frames on its MAC address */ enum monitor_flags { MONITOR_FLAG_CHANGED = 1<<__NL80211_MNTR_FLAG_INVALID, MONITOR_FLAG_FCSFAIL = 1<<NL80211_MNTR_FLAG_FCSFAIL, MONITOR_FLAG_PLCPFAIL = 1<<NL80211_MNTR_FLAG_PLCPFAIL, MONITOR_FLAG_CONTROL = 1<<NL80211_MNTR_FLAG_CONTROL, MONITOR_FLAG_OTHER_BSS = 1<<NL80211_MNTR_FLAG_OTHER_BSS, MONITOR_FLAG_COOK_FRAMES = 1<<NL80211_MNTR_FLAG_COOK_FRAMES, MONITOR_FLAG_ACTIVE = 1<<NL80211_MNTR_FLAG_ACTIVE, }; /** * enum mpath_info_flags - mesh path information flags * * Used by the driver to indicate which info in &struct mpath_info it has filled * in during get_station() or dump_station(). * * @MPATH_INFO_FRAME_QLEN: @frame_qlen filled * @MPATH_INFO_SN: @sn filled * @MPATH_INFO_METRIC: @metric filled * @MPATH_INFO_EXPTIME: @exptime filled * @MPATH_INFO_DISCOVERY_TIMEOUT: @discovery_timeout filled * @MPATH_INFO_DISCOVERY_RETRIES: @discovery_retries filled * @MPATH_INFO_FLAGS: @flags filled * @MPATH_INFO_HOP_COUNT: @hop_count filled * @MPATH_INFO_PATH_CHANGE: @path_change_count filled */ enum mpath_info_flags { MPATH_INFO_FRAME_QLEN = BIT(0), MPATH_INFO_SN = BIT(1), MPATH_INFO_METRIC = BIT(2), MPATH_INFO_EXPTIME = BIT(3), MPATH_INFO_DISCOVERY_TIMEOUT = BIT(4), MPATH_INFO_DISCOVERY_RETRIES = BIT(5), MPATH_INFO_FLAGS = BIT(6), MPATH_INFO_HOP_COUNT = BIT(7), MPATH_INFO_PATH_CHANGE = BIT(8), }; /** * struct mpath_info - mesh path information * * Mesh path information filled by driver for get_mpath() and dump_mpath(). * * @filled: bitfield of flags from &enum mpath_info_flags * @frame_qlen: number of queued frames for this destination * @sn: target sequence number * @metric: metric (cost) of this mesh path * @exptime: expiration time for the mesh path from now, in msecs * @flags: mesh path flags * @discovery_timeout: total mesh path discovery timeout, in msecs * @discovery_retries: mesh path discovery retries * @generation: generation number for nl80211 dumps. * This number should increase every time the list of mesh paths * changes, i.e. when a station is added or removed, so that * userspace can tell whether it got a consistent snapshot. * @hop_count: hops to destination * @path_change_count: total number of path changes to destination */ struct mpath_info { u32 filled; u32 frame_qlen; u32 sn; u32 metric; u32 exptime; u32 discovery_timeout; u8 discovery_retries; u8 flags; u8 hop_count; u32 path_change_count; int generation; }; /** * struct bss_parameters - BSS parameters * * Used to change BSS parameters (mainly for AP mode). * * @use_cts_prot: Whether to use CTS protection * (0 = no, 1 = yes, -1 = do not change) * @use_short_preamble: Whether the use of short preambles is allowed * (0 = no, 1 = yes, -1 = do not change) * @use_short_slot_time: Whether the use of short slot time is allowed * (0 = no, 1 = yes, -1 = do not change) * @basic_rates: basic rates in IEEE 802.11 format * (or NULL for no change) * @basic_rates_len: number of basic rates * @ap_isolate: do not forward packets between connected stations * (0 = no, 1 = yes, -1 = do not change) * @ht_opmode: HT Operation mode * (u16 = opmode, -1 = do not change) * @p2p_ctwindow: P2P CT Window (-1 = no change) * @p2p_opp_ps: P2P opportunistic PS (-1 = no change) */ struct bss_parameters { int use_cts_prot; int use_short_preamble; int use_short_slot_time; const u8 *basic_rates; u8 basic_rates_len; int ap_isolate; int ht_opmode; s8 p2p_ctwindow, p2p_opp_ps; }; /** * struct mesh_config - 802.11s mesh configuration * * These parameters can be changed while the mesh is active. * * @dot11MeshRetryTimeout: the initial retry timeout in millisecond units used * by the Mesh Peering Open message * @dot11MeshConfirmTimeout: the initial retry timeout in millisecond units * used by the Mesh Peering Open message * @dot11MeshHoldingTimeout: the confirm timeout in millisecond units used by * the mesh peering management to close a mesh peering * @dot11MeshMaxPeerLinks: the maximum number of peer links allowed on this * mesh interface * @dot11MeshMaxRetries: the maximum number of peer link open retries that can * be sent to establish a new peer link instance in a mesh * @dot11MeshTTL: the value of TTL field set at a source mesh STA * @element_ttl: the value of TTL field set at a mesh STA for path selection * elements * @auto_open_plinks: whether we should automatically open peer links when we * detect compatible mesh peers * @dot11MeshNbrOffsetMaxNeighbor: the maximum number of neighbors to * synchronize to for 11s default synchronization method * @dot11MeshHWMPmaxPREQretries: the number of action frames containing a PREQ * that an originator mesh STA can send to a particular path target * @path_refresh_time: how frequently to refresh mesh paths in milliseconds * @min_discovery_timeout: the minimum length of time to wait until giving up on * a path discovery in milliseconds * @dot11MeshHWMPactivePathTimeout: the time (in TUs) for which mesh STAs * receiving a PREQ shall consider the forwarding information from the * root to be valid. (TU = time unit) * @dot11MeshHWMPpreqMinInterval: the minimum interval of time (in TUs) during * which a mesh STA can send only one action frame containing a PREQ * element * @dot11MeshHWMPperrMinInterval: the minimum interval of time (in TUs) during * which a mesh STA can send only one Action frame containing a PERR * element * @dot11MeshHWMPnetDiameterTraversalTime: the interval of time (in TUs) that * it takes for an HWMP information element to propagate across the mesh * @dot11MeshHWMPRootMode: the configuration of a mesh STA as root mesh STA * @dot11MeshHWMPRannInterval: the interval of time (in TUs) between root * announcements are transmitted * @dot11MeshGateAnnouncementProtocol: whether to advertise that this mesh * station has access to a broader network beyond the MBSS. (This is * missnamed in draft 12.0: dot11MeshGateAnnouncementProtocol set to true * only means that the station will announce others it's a mesh gate, but * not necessarily using the gate announcement protocol. Still keeping the * same nomenclature to be in sync with the spec) * @dot11MeshForwarding: whether the Mesh STA is forwarding or non-forwarding * entity (default is TRUE - forwarding entity) * @rssi_threshold: the threshold for average signal strength of candidate * station to establish a peer link * @ht_opmode: mesh HT protection mode * * @dot11MeshHWMPactivePathToRootTimeout: The time (in TUs) for which mesh STAs * receiving a proactive PREQ shall consider the forwarding information to * the root mesh STA to be valid. * * @dot11MeshHWMProotInterval: The interval of time (in TUs) between proactive * PREQs are transmitted. * @dot11MeshHWMPconfirmationInterval: The minimum interval of time (in TUs) * during which a mesh STA can send only one Action frame containing * a PREQ element for root path confirmation. * @power_mode: The default mesh power save mode which will be the initial * setting for new peer links. * @dot11MeshAwakeWindowDuration: The duration in TUs the STA will remain awake * after transmitting its beacon. * @plink_timeout: If no tx activity is seen from a STA we've established * peering with for longer than this time (in seconds), then remove it * from the STA's list of peers. Default is 30 minutes. * @dot11MeshConnectedToMeshGate: if set to true, advertise that this STA is * connected to a mesh gate in mesh formation info. If false, the * value in mesh formation is determined by the presence of root paths * in the mesh path table * @dot11MeshNolearn: Try to avoid multi-hop path discovery (e.g. PREQ/PREP * for HWMP) if the destination is a direct neighbor. Note that this might * not be the optimal decision as a multi-hop route might be better. So * if using this setting you will likely also want to disable * dot11MeshForwarding and use another mesh routing protocol on top. */ struct mesh_config { u16 dot11MeshRetryTimeout; u16 dot11MeshConfirmTimeout; u16 dot11MeshHoldingTimeout; u16 dot11MeshMaxPeerLinks; u8 dot11MeshMaxRetries; u8 dot11MeshTTL; u8 element_ttl; bool auto_open_plinks; u32 dot11MeshNbrOffsetMaxNeighbor; u8 dot11MeshHWMPmaxPREQretries; u32 path_refresh_time; u16 min_discovery_timeout; u32 dot11MeshHWMPactivePathTimeout; u16 dot11MeshHWMPpreqMinInterval; u16 dot11MeshHWMPperrMinInterval; u16 dot11MeshHWMPnetDiameterTraversalTime; u8 dot11MeshHWMPRootMode; bool dot11MeshConnectedToMeshGate; bool dot11MeshConnectedToAuthServer; u16 dot11MeshHWMPRannInterval; bool dot11MeshGateAnnouncementProtocol; bool dot11MeshForwarding; s32 rssi_threshold; u16 ht_opmode; u32 dot11MeshHWMPactivePathToRootTimeout; u16 dot11MeshHWMProotInterval; u16 dot11MeshHWMPconfirmationInterval; enum nl80211_mesh_power_mode power_mode; u16 dot11MeshAwakeWindowDuration; u32 plink_timeout; bool dot11MeshNolearn; }; /** * struct mesh_setup - 802.11s mesh setup configuration * @chandef: defines the channel to use * @mesh_id: the mesh ID * @mesh_id_len: length of the mesh ID, at least 1 and at most 32 bytes * @sync_method: which synchronization method to use * @path_sel_proto: which path selection protocol to use * @path_metric: which metric to use * @auth_id: which authentication method this mesh is using * @ie: vendor information elements (optional) * @ie_len: length of vendor information elements * @is_authenticated: this mesh requires authentication * @is_secure: this mesh uses security * @user_mpm: userspace handles all MPM functions * @dtim_period: DTIM period to use * @beacon_interval: beacon interval to use * @mcast_rate: multicat rate for Mesh Node [6Mbps is the default for 802.11a] * @basic_rates: basic rates to use when creating the mesh * @beacon_rate: bitrate to be used for beacons * @userspace_handles_dfs: whether user space controls DFS operation, i.e. * changes the channel when a radar is detected. This is required * to operate on DFS channels. * @control_port_over_nl80211: TRUE if userspace expects to exchange control * port frames over NL80211 instead of the network interface. * * These parameters are fixed when the mesh is created. */ struct mesh_setup { struct cfg80211_chan_def chandef; const u8 *mesh_id; u8 mesh_id_len; u8 sync_method; u8 path_sel_proto; u8 path_metric; u8 auth_id; const u8 *ie; u8 ie_len; bool is_authenticated; bool is_secure; bool user_mpm; u8 dtim_period; u16 beacon_interval; int mcast_rate[NUM_NL80211_BANDS]; u32 basic_rates; struct cfg80211_bitrate_mask beacon_rate; bool userspace_handles_dfs; bool control_port_over_nl80211; }; /** * struct ocb_setup - 802.11p OCB mode setup configuration * @chandef: defines the channel to use * * These parameters are fixed when connecting to the network */ struct ocb_setup { struct cfg80211_chan_def chandef; }; /** * struct ieee80211_txq_params - TX queue parameters * @ac: AC identifier * @txop: Maximum burst time in units of 32 usecs, 0 meaning disabled * @cwmin: Minimum contention window [a value of the form 2^n-1 in the range * 1..32767] * @cwmax: Maximum contention window [a value of the form 2^n-1 in the range * 1..32767] * @aifs: Arbitration interframe space [0..255] */ struct ieee80211_txq_params { enum nl80211_ac ac; u16 txop; u16 cwmin; u16 cwmax; u8 aifs; }; /** * DOC: Scanning and BSS list handling * * The scanning process itself is fairly simple, but cfg80211 offers quite * a bit of helper functionality. To start a scan, the scan operation will * be invoked with a scan definition. This scan definition contains the * channels to scan, and the SSIDs to send probe requests for (including the * wildcard, if desired). A passive scan is indicated by having no SSIDs to * probe. Additionally, a scan request may contain extra information elements * that should be added to the probe request. The IEs are guaranteed to be * well-formed, and will not exceed the maximum length the driver advertised * in the wiphy structure. * * When scanning finds a BSS, cfg80211 needs to be notified of that, because * it is responsible for maintaining the BSS list; the driver should not * maintain a list itself. For this notification, various functions exist. * * Since drivers do not maintain a BSS list, there are also a number of * functions to search for a BSS and obtain information about it from the * BSS structure cfg80211 maintains. The BSS list is also made available * to userspace. */ /** * struct cfg80211_ssid - SSID description * @ssid: the SSID * @ssid_len: length of the ssid */ struct cfg80211_ssid { u8 ssid[IEEE80211_MAX_SSID_LEN]; u8 ssid_len; }; /** * struct cfg80211_scan_info - information about completed scan * @scan_start_tsf: scan start time in terms of the TSF of the BSS that the * wireless device that requested the scan is connected to. If this * information is not available, this field is left zero. * @tsf_bssid: the BSSID according to which %scan_start_tsf is set. * @aborted: set to true if the scan was aborted for any reason, * userspace will be notified of that */ struct cfg80211_scan_info { u64 scan_start_tsf; u8 tsf_bssid[ETH_ALEN] __aligned(2); bool aborted; }; /** * struct cfg80211_scan_6ghz_params - relevant for 6 GHz only * * @short_bssid: short ssid to scan for * @bssid: bssid to scan for * @channel_idx: idx of the channel in the channel array in the scan request * which the above info relvant to * @unsolicited_probe: the AP transmits unsolicited probe response every 20 TU * @short_ssid_valid: short_ssid is valid and can be used * @psc_no_listen: when set, and the channel is a PSC channel, no need to wait * 20 TUs before starting to send probe requests. */ struct cfg80211_scan_6ghz_params { u32 short_ssid; u32 channel_idx; u8 bssid[ETH_ALEN]; bool unsolicited_probe; bool short_ssid_valid; bool psc_no_listen; }; /** * struct cfg80211_scan_request - scan request description * * @ssids: SSIDs to scan for (active scan only) * @n_ssids: number of SSIDs * @channels: channels to scan on. * @n_channels: total number of channels to scan * @scan_width: channel width for scanning * @ie: optional information element(s) to add into Probe Request or %NULL * @ie_len: length of ie in octets * @duration: how long to listen on each channel, in TUs. If * %duration_mandatory is not set, this is the maximum dwell time and * the actual dwell time may be shorter. * @duration_mandatory: if set, the scan duration must be as specified by the * %duration field. * @flags: bit field of flags controlling operation * @rates: bitmap of rates to advertise for each band * @wiphy: the wiphy this was for * @scan_start: time (in jiffies) when the scan started * @wdev: the wireless device to scan for * @info: (internal) information about completed scan * @notified: (internal) scan request was notified as done or aborted * @no_cck: used to send probe requests at non CCK rate in 2GHz band * @mac_addr: MAC address used with randomisation * @mac_addr_mask: MAC address mask used with randomisation, bits that * are 0 in the mask should be randomised, bits that are 1 should * be taken from the @mac_addr * @scan_6ghz: relevant for split scan request only, * true if this is the second scan request * @n_6ghz_params: number of 6 GHz params * @scan_6ghz_params: 6 GHz params * @bssid: BSSID to scan for (most commonly, the wildcard BSSID) */ struct cfg80211_scan_request { struct cfg80211_ssid *ssids; int n_ssids; u32 n_channels; enum nl80211_bss_scan_width scan_width; const u8 *ie; size_t ie_len; u16 duration; bool duration_mandatory; u32 flags; u32 rates[NUM_NL80211_BANDS]; struct wireless_dev *wdev; u8 mac_addr[ETH_ALEN] __aligned(2); u8 mac_addr_mask[ETH_ALEN] __aligned(2); u8 bssid[ETH_ALEN] __aligned(2); /* internal */ struct wiphy *wiphy; unsigned long scan_start; struct cfg80211_scan_info info; bool notified; bool no_cck; bool scan_6ghz; u32 n_6ghz_params; struct cfg80211_scan_6ghz_params *scan_6ghz_params; /* keep last */ struct ieee80211_channel *channels[]; }; static inline void get_random_mask_addr(u8 *buf, const u8 *addr, const u8 *mask) { int i; get_random_bytes(buf, ETH_ALEN); for (i = 0; i < ETH_ALEN; i++) { buf[i] &= ~mask[i]; buf[i] |= addr[i] & mask[i]; } } /** * struct cfg80211_match_set - sets of attributes to match * * @ssid: SSID to be matched; may be zero-length in case of BSSID match * or no match (RSSI only) * @bssid: BSSID to be matched; may be all-zero BSSID in case of SSID match * or no match (RSSI only) * @rssi_thold: don't report scan results below this threshold (in s32 dBm) * @per_band_rssi_thold: Minimum rssi threshold for each band to be applied * for filtering out scan results received. Drivers advertize this support * of band specific rssi based filtering through the feature capability * %NL80211_EXT_FEATURE_SCHED_SCAN_BAND_SPECIFIC_RSSI_THOLD. These band * specific rssi thresholds take precedence over rssi_thold, if specified. * If not specified for any band, it will be assigned with rssi_thold of * corresponding matchset. */ struct cfg80211_match_set { struct cfg80211_ssid ssid; u8 bssid[ETH_ALEN]; s32 rssi_thold; s32 per_band_rssi_thold[NUM_NL80211_BANDS]; }; /** * struct cfg80211_sched_scan_plan - scan plan for scheduled scan * * @interval: interval between scheduled scan iterations. In seconds. * @iterations: number of scan iterations in this scan plan. Zero means * infinite loop. * The last scan plan will always have this parameter set to zero, * all other scan plans will have a finite number of iterations. */ struct cfg80211_sched_scan_plan { u32 interval; u32 iterations; }; /** * struct cfg80211_bss_select_adjust - BSS selection with RSSI adjustment. * * @band: band of BSS which should match for RSSI level adjustment. * @delta: value of RSSI level adjustment. */ struct cfg80211_bss_select_adjust { enum nl80211_band band; s8 delta; }; /** * struct cfg80211_sched_scan_request - scheduled scan request description * * @reqid: identifies this request. * @ssids: SSIDs to scan for (passed in the probe_reqs in active scans) * @n_ssids: number of SSIDs * @n_channels: total number of channels to scan * @scan_width: channel width for scanning * @ie: optional information element(s) to add into Probe Request or %NULL * @ie_len: length of ie in octets * @flags: bit field of flags controlling operation * @match_sets: sets of parameters to be matched for a scan result * entry to be considered valid and to be passed to the host * (others are filtered out). * If ommited, all results are passed. * @n_match_sets: number of match sets * @report_results: indicates that results were reported for this request * @wiphy: the wiphy this was for * @dev: the interface * @scan_start: start time of the scheduled scan * @channels: channels to scan * @min_rssi_thold: for drivers only supporting a single threshold, this * contains the minimum over all matchsets * @mac_addr: MAC address used with randomisation * @mac_addr_mask: MAC address mask used with randomisation, bits that * are 0 in the mask should be randomised, bits that are 1 should * be taken from the @mac_addr * @scan_plans: scan plans to be executed in this scheduled scan. Lowest * index must be executed first. * @n_scan_plans: number of scan plans, at least 1. * @rcu_head: RCU callback used to free the struct * @owner_nlportid: netlink portid of owner (if this should is a request * owned by a particular socket) * @nl_owner_dead: netlink owner socket was closed - this request be freed * @list: for keeping list of requests. * @delay: delay in seconds to use before starting the first scan * cycle. The driver may ignore this parameter and start * immediately (or at any other time), if this feature is not * supported. * @relative_rssi_set: Indicates whether @relative_rssi is set or not. * @relative_rssi: Relative RSSI threshold in dB to restrict scan result * reporting in connected state to cases where a matching BSS is determined * to have better or slightly worse RSSI than the current connected BSS. * The relative RSSI threshold values are ignored in disconnected state. * @rssi_adjust: delta dB of RSSI preference to be given to the BSSs that belong * to the specified band while deciding whether a better BSS is reported * using @relative_rssi. If delta is a negative number, the BSSs that * belong to the specified band will be penalized by delta dB in relative * comparisions. */ struct cfg80211_sched_scan_request { u64 reqid; struct cfg80211_ssid *ssids; int n_ssids; u32 n_channels; enum nl80211_bss_scan_width scan_width; const u8 *ie; size_t ie_len; u32 flags; struct cfg80211_match_set *match_sets; int n_match_sets; s32 min_rssi_thold; u32 delay; struct cfg80211_sched_scan_plan *scan_plans; int n_scan_plans; u8 mac_addr[ETH_ALEN] __aligned(2); u8 mac_addr_mask[ETH_ALEN] __aligned(2); bool relative_rssi_set; s8 relative_rssi; struct cfg80211_bss_select_adjust rssi_adjust; /* internal */ struct wiphy *wiphy; struct net_device *dev; unsigned long scan_start; bool report_results; struct rcu_head rcu_head; u32 owner_nlportid; bool nl_owner_dead; struct list_head list; /* keep last */ struct ieee80211_channel *channels[]; }; /** * enum cfg80211_signal_type - signal type * * @CFG80211_SIGNAL_TYPE_NONE: no signal strength information available * @CFG80211_SIGNAL_TYPE_MBM: signal strength in mBm (100*dBm) * @CFG80211_SIGNAL_TYPE_UNSPEC: signal strength, increasing from 0 through 100 */ enum cfg80211_signal_type { CFG80211_SIGNAL_TYPE_NONE, CFG80211_SIGNAL_TYPE_MBM, CFG80211_SIGNAL_TYPE_UNSPEC, }; /** * struct cfg80211_inform_bss - BSS inform data * @chan: channel the frame was received on * @scan_width: scan width that was used * @signal: signal strength value, according to the wiphy's * signal type * @boottime_ns: timestamp (CLOCK_BOOTTIME) when the information was * received; should match the time when the frame was actually * received by the device (not just by the host, in case it was * buffered on the device) and be accurate to about 10ms. * If the frame isn't buffered, just passing the return value of * ktime_get_boottime_ns() is likely appropriate. * @parent_tsf: the time at the start of reception of the first octet of the * timestamp field of the frame. The time is the TSF of the BSS specified * by %parent_bssid. * @parent_bssid: the BSS according to which %parent_tsf is set. This is set to * the BSS that requested the scan in which the beacon/probe was received. * @chains: bitmask for filled values in @chain_signal. * @chain_signal: per-chain signal strength of last received BSS in dBm. */ struct cfg80211_inform_bss { struct ieee80211_channel *chan; enum nl80211_bss_scan_width scan_width; s32 signal; u64 boottime_ns; u64 parent_tsf; u8 parent_bssid[ETH_ALEN] __aligned(2); u8 chains; s8 chain_signal[IEEE80211_MAX_CHAINS]; }; /** * struct cfg80211_bss_ies - BSS entry IE data * @tsf: TSF contained in the frame that carried these IEs * @rcu_head: internal use, for freeing * @len: length of the IEs * @from_beacon: these IEs are known to come from a beacon * @data: IE data */ struct cfg80211_bss_ies { u64 tsf; struct rcu_head rcu_head; int len; bool from_beacon; u8 data[]; }; /** * struct cfg80211_bss - BSS description * * This structure describes a BSS (which may also be a mesh network) * for use in scan results and similar. * * @channel: channel this BSS is on * @scan_width: width of the control channel * @bssid: BSSID of the BSS * @beacon_interval: the beacon interval as from the frame * @capability: the capability field in host byte order * @ies: the information elements (Note that there is no guarantee that these * are well-formed!); this is a pointer to either the beacon_ies or * proberesp_ies depending on whether Probe Response frame has been * received. It is always non-%NULL. * @beacon_ies: the information elements from the last Beacon frame * (implementation note: if @hidden_beacon_bss is set this struct doesn't * own the beacon_ies, but they're just pointers to the ones from the * @hidden_beacon_bss struct) * @proberesp_ies: the information elements from the last Probe Response frame * @hidden_beacon_bss: in case this BSS struct represents a probe response from * a BSS that hides the SSID in its beacon, this points to the BSS struct * that holds the beacon data. @beacon_ies is still valid, of course, and * points to the same data as hidden_beacon_bss->beacon_ies in that case. * @transmitted_bss: pointer to the transmitted BSS, if this is a * non-transmitted one (multi-BSSID support) * @nontrans_list: list of non-transmitted BSS, if this is a transmitted one * (multi-BSSID support) * @signal: signal strength value (type depends on the wiphy's signal_type) * @chains: bitmask for filled values in @chain_signal. * @chain_signal: per-chain signal strength of last received BSS in dBm. * @bssid_index: index in the multiple BSS set * @max_bssid_indicator: max number of members in the BSS set * @priv: private area for driver use, has at least wiphy->bss_priv_size bytes */ struct cfg80211_bss { struct ieee80211_channel *channel; enum nl80211_bss_scan_width scan_width; const struct cfg80211_bss_ies __rcu *ies; const struct cfg80211_bss_ies __rcu *beacon_ies; const struct cfg80211_bss_ies __rcu *proberesp_ies; struct cfg80211_bss *hidden_beacon_bss; struct cfg80211_bss *transmitted_bss; struct list_head nontrans_list; s32 signal; u16 beacon_interval; u16 capability; u8 bssid[ETH_ALEN]; u8 chains; s8 chain_signal[IEEE80211_MAX_CHAINS]; u8 bssid_index; u8 max_bssid_indicator; u8 priv[] __aligned(sizeof(void *)); }; /** * ieee80211_bss_get_elem - find element with given ID * @bss: the bss to search * @id: the element ID * * Note that the return value is an RCU-protected pointer, so * rcu_read_lock() must be held when calling this function. * Return: %NULL if not found. */ const struct element *ieee80211_bss_get_elem(struct cfg80211_bss *bss, u8 id); /** * ieee80211_bss_get_ie - find IE with given ID * @bss: the bss to search * @id: the element ID * * Note that the return value is an RCU-protected pointer, so * rcu_read_lock() must be held when calling this function. * Return: %NULL if not found. */ static inline const u8 *ieee80211_bss_get_ie(struct cfg80211_bss *bss, u8 id) { return (void *)ieee80211_bss_get_elem(bss, id); } /** * struct cfg80211_auth_request - Authentication request data * * This structure provides information needed to complete IEEE 802.11 * authentication. * * @bss: The BSS to authenticate with, the callee must obtain a reference * to it if it needs to keep it. * @auth_type: Authentication type (algorithm) * @ie: Extra IEs to add to Authentication frame or %NULL * @ie_len: Length of ie buffer in octets * @key_len: length of WEP key for shared key authentication * @key_idx: index of WEP key for shared key authentication * @key: WEP key for shared key authentication * @auth_data: Fields and elements in Authentication frames. This contains * the authentication frame body (non-IE and IE data), excluding the * Authentication algorithm number, i.e., starting at the Authentication * transaction sequence number field. * @auth_data_len: Length of auth_data buffer in octets */ struct cfg80211_auth_request { struct cfg80211_bss *bss; const u8 *ie; size_t ie_len; enum nl80211_auth_type auth_type; const u8 *key; u8 key_len, key_idx; const u8 *auth_data; size_t auth_data_len; }; /** * enum cfg80211_assoc_req_flags - Over-ride default behaviour in association. * * @ASSOC_REQ_DISABLE_HT: Disable HT (802.11n) * @ASSOC_REQ_DISABLE_VHT: Disable VHT * @ASSOC_REQ_USE_RRM: Declare RRM capability in this association * @CONNECT_REQ_EXTERNAL_AUTH_SUPPORT: User space indicates external * authentication capability. Drivers can offload authentication to * userspace if this flag is set. Only applicable for cfg80211_connect() * request (connect callback). */ enum cfg80211_assoc_req_flags { ASSOC_REQ_DISABLE_HT = BIT(0), ASSOC_REQ_DISABLE_VHT = BIT(1), ASSOC_REQ_USE_RRM = BIT(2), CONNECT_REQ_EXTERNAL_AUTH_SUPPORT = BIT(3), }; /** * struct cfg80211_assoc_request - (Re)Association request data * * This structure provides information needed to complete IEEE 802.11 * (re)association. * @bss: The BSS to associate with. If the call is successful the driver is * given a reference that it must give back to cfg80211_send_rx_assoc() * or to cfg80211_assoc_timeout(). To ensure proper refcounting, new * association requests while already associating must be rejected. * @ie: Extra IEs to add to (Re)Association Request frame or %NULL * @ie_len: Length of ie buffer in octets * @use_mfp: Use management frame protection (IEEE 802.11w) in this association * @crypto: crypto settings * @prev_bssid: previous BSSID, if not %NULL use reassociate frame. This is used * to indicate a request to reassociate within the ESS instead of a request * do the initial association with the ESS. When included, this is set to * the BSSID of the current association, i.e., to the value that is * included in the Current AP address field of the Reassociation Request * frame. * @flags: See &enum cfg80211_assoc_req_flags * @ht_capa: HT Capabilities over-rides. Values set in ht_capa_mask * will be used in ht_capa. Un-supported values will be ignored. * @ht_capa_mask: The bits of ht_capa which are to be used. * @vht_capa: VHT capability override * @vht_capa_mask: VHT capability mask indicating which fields to use * @fils_kek: FILS KEK for protecting (Re)Association Request/Response frame or * %NULL if FILS is not used. * @fils_kek_len: Length of fils_kek in octets * @fils_nonces: FILS nonces (part of AAD) for protecting (Re)Association * Request/Response frame or %NULL if FILS is not used. This field starts * with 16 octets of STA Nonce followed by 16 octets of AP Nonce. * @s1g_capa: S1G capability override * @s1g_capa_mask: S1G capability override mask */ struct cfg80211_assoc_request { struct cfg80211_bss *bss; const u8 *ie, *prev_bssid; size_t ie_len; struct cfg80211_crypto_settings crypto; bool use_mfp; u32 flags; struct ieee80211_ht_cap ht_capa; struct ieee80211_ht_cap ht_capa_mask; struct ieee80211_vht_cap vht_capa, vht_capa_mask; const u8 *fils_kek; size_t fils_kek_len; const u8 *fils_nonces; struct ieee80211_s1g_cap s1g_capa, s1g_capa_mask; }; /** * struct cfg80211_deauth_request - Deauthentication request data * * This structure provides information needed to complete IEEE 802.11 * deauthentication. * * @bssid: the BSSID of the BSS to deauthenticate from * @ie: Extra IEs to add to Deauthentication frame or %NULL * @ie_len: Length of ie buffer in octets * @reason_code: The reason code for the deauthentication * @local_state_change: if set, change local state only and * do not set a deauth frame */ struct cfg80211_deauth_request { const u8 *bssid; const u8 *ie; size_t ie_len; u16 reason_code; bool local_state_change; }; /** * struct cfg80211_disassoc_request - Disassociation request data * * This structure provides information needed to complete IEEE 802.11 * disassociation. * * @bss: the BSS to disassociate from * @ie: Extra IEs to add to Disassociation frame or %NULL * @ie_len: Length of ie buffer in octets * @reason_code: The reason code for the disassociation * @local_state_change: This is a request for a local state only, i.e., no * Disassociation frame is to be transmitted. */ struct cfg80211_disassoc_request { struct cfg80211_bss *bss; const u8 *ie; size_t ie_len; u16 reason_code; bool local_state_change; }; /** * struct cfg80211_ibss_params - IBSS parameters * * This structure defines the IBSS parameters for the join_ibss() * method. * * @ssid: The SSID, will always be non-null. * @ssid_len: The length of the SSID, will always be non-zero. * @bssid: Fixed BSSID requested, maybe be %NULL, if set do not * search for IBSSs with a different BSSID. * @chandef: defines the channel to use if no other IBSS to join can be found * @channel_fixed: The channel should be fixed -- do not search for * IBSSs to join on other channels. * @ie: information element(s) to include in the beacon * @ie_len: length of that * @beacon_interval: beacon interval to use * @privacy: this is a protected network, keys will be configured * after joining * @control_port: whether user space controls IEEE 802.1X port, i.e., * sets/clears %NL80211_STA_FLAG_AUTHORIZED. If true, the driver is * required to assume that the port is unauthorized until authorized by * user space. Otherwise, port is marked authorized by default. * @control_port_over_nl80211: TRUE if userspace expects to exchange control * port frames over NL80211 instead of the network interface. * @userspace_handles_dfs: whether user space controls DFS operation, i.e. * changes the channel when a radar is detected. This is required * to operate on DFS channels. * @basic_rates: bitmap of basic rates to use when creating the IBSS * @mcast_rate: per-band multicast rate index + 1 (0: disabled) * @ht_capa: HT Capabilities over-rides. Values set in ht_capa_mask * will be used in ht_capa. Un-supported values will be ignored. * @ht_capa_mask: The bits of ht_capa which are to be used. * @wep_keys: static WEP keys, if not NULL points to an array of * CFG80211_MAX_WEP_KEYS WEP keys * @wep_tx_key: key index (0..3) of the default TX static WEP key */ struct cfg80211_ibss_params { const u8 *ssid; const u8 *bssid; struct cfg80211_chan_def chandef; const u8 *ie; u8 ssid_len, ie_len; u16 beacon_interval; u32 basic_rates; bool channel_fixed; bool privacy; bool control_port; bool control_port_over_nl80211; bool userspace_handles_dfs; int mcast_rate[NUM_NL80211_BANDS]; struct ieee80211_ht_cap ht_capa; struct ieee80211_ht_cap ht_capa_mask; struct key_params *wep_keys; int wep_tx_key; }; /** * struct cfg80211_bss_selection - connection parameters for BSS selection. * * @behaviour: requested BSS selection behaviour. * @param: parameters for requestion behaviour. * @band_pref: preferred band for %NL80211_BSS_SELECT_ATTR_BAND_PREF. * @adjust: parameters for %NL80211_BSS_SELECT_ATTR_RSSI_ADJUST. */ struct cfg80211_bss_selection { enum nl80211_bss_select_attr behaviour; union { enum nl80211_band band_pref; struct cfg80211_bss_select_adjust adjust; } param; }; /** * struct cfg80211_connect_params - Connection parameters * * This structure provides information needed to complete IEEE 802.11 * authentication and association. * * @channel: The channel to use or %NULL if not specified (auto-select based * on scan results) * @channel_hint: The channel of the recommended BSS for initial connection or * %NULL if not specified * @bssid: The AP BSSID or %NULL if not specified (auto-select based on scan * results) * @bssid_hint: The recommended AP BSSID for initial connection to the BSS or * %NULL if not specified. Unlike the @bssid parameter, the driver is * allowed to ignore this @bssid_hint if it has knowledge of a better BSS * to use. * @ssid: SSID * @ssid_len: Length of ssid in octets * @auth_type: Authentication type (algorithm) * @ie: IEs for association request * @ie_len: Length of assoc_ie in octets * @privacy: indicates whether privacy-enabled APs should be used * @mfp: indicate whether management frame protection is used * @crypto: crypto settings * @key_len: length of WEP key for shared key authentication * @key_idx: index of WEP key for shared key authentication * @key: WEP key for shared key authentication * @flags: See &enum cfg80211_assoc_req_flags * @bg_scan_period: Background scan period in seconds * or -1 to indicate that default value is to be used. * @ht_capa: HT Capabilities over-rides. Values set in ht_capa_mask * will be used in ht_capa. Un-supported values will be ignored. * @ht_capa_mask: The bits of ht_capa which are to be used. * @vht_capa: VHT Capability overrides * @vht_capa_mask: The bits of vht_capa which are to be used. * @pbss: if set, connect to a PCP instead of AP. Valid for DMG * networks. * @bss_select: criteria to be used for BSS selection. * @prev_bssid: previous BSSID, if not %NULL use reassociate frame. This is used * to indicate a request to reassociate within the ESS instead of a request * do the initial association with the ESS. When included, this is set to * the BSSID of the current association, i.e., to the value that is * included in the Current AP address field of the Reassociation Request * frame. * @fils_erp_username: EAP re-authentication protocol (ERP) username part of the * NAI or %NULL if not specified. This is used to construct FILS wrapped * data IE. * @fils_erp_username_len: Length of @fils_erp_username in octets. * @fils_erp_realm: EAP re-authentication protocol (ERP) realm part of NAI or * %NULL if not specified. This specifies the domain name of ER server and * is used to construct FILS wrapped data IE. * @fils_erp_realm_len: Length of @fils_erp_realm in octets. * @fils_erp_next_seq_num: The next sequence number to use in the FILS ERP * messages. This is also used to construct FILS wrapped data IE. * @fils_erp_rrk: ERP re-authentication Root Key (rRK) used to derive additional * keys in FILS or %NULL if not specified. * @fils_erp_rrk_len: Length of @fils_erp_rrk in octets. * @want_1x: indicates user-space supports and wants to use 802.1X driver * offload of 4-way handshake. * @edmg: define the EDMG channels. * This may specify multiple channels and bonding options for the driver * to choose from, based on BSS configuration. */ struct cfg80211_connect_params { struct ieee80211_channel *channel; struct ieee80211_channel *channel_hint; const u8 *bssid; const u8 *bssid_hint; const u8 *ssid; size_t ssid_len; enum nl80211_auth_type auth_type; const u8 *ie; size_t ie_len; bool privacy; enum nl80211_mfp mfp; struct cfg80211_crypto_settings crypto; const u8 *key; u8 key_len, key_idx; u32 flags; int bg_scan_period; struct ieee80211_ht_cap ht_capa; struct ieee80211_ht_cap ht_capa_mask; struct ieee80211_vht_cap vht_capa; struct ieee80211_vht_cap vht_capa_mask; bool pbss; struct cfg80211_bss_selection bss_select; const u8 *prev_bssid; const u8 *fils_erp_username; size_t fils_erp_username_len; const u8 *fils_erp_realm; size_t fils_erp_realm_len; u16 fils_erp_next_seq_num; const u8 *fils_erp_rrk; size_t fils_erp_rrk_len; bool want_1x; struct ieee80211_edmg edmg; }; /** * enum cfg80211_connect_params_changed - Connection parameters being updated * * This enum provides information of all connect parameters that * have to be updated as part of update_connect_params() call. * * @UPDATE_ASSOC_IES: Indicates whether association request IEs are updated * @UPDATE_FILS_ERP_INFO: Indicates that FILS connection parameters (realm, * username, erp sequence number and rrk) are updated * @UPDATE_AUTH_TYPE: Indicates that authentication type is updated */ enum cfg80211_connect_params_changed { UPDATE_ASSOC_IES = BIT(0), UPDATE_FILS_ERP_INFO = BIT(1), UPDATE_AUTH_TYPE = BIT(2), }; /** * enum wiphy_params_flags - set_wiphy_params bitfield values * @WIPHY_PARAM_RETRY_SHORT: wiphy->retry_short has changed * @WIPHY_PARAM_RETRY_LONG: wiphy->retry_long has changed * @WIPHY_PARAM_FRAG_THRESHOLD: wiphy->frag_threshold has changed * @WIPHY_PARAM_RTS_THRESHOLD: wiphy->rts_threshold has changed * @WIPHY_PARAM_COVERAGE_CLASS: coverage class changed * @WIPHY_PARAM_DYN_ACK: dynack has been enabled * @WIPHY_PARAM_TXQ_LIMIT: TXQ packet limit has been changed * @WIPHY_PARAM_TXQ_MEMORY_LIMIT: TXQ memory limit has been changed * @WIPHY_PARAM_TXQ_QUANTUM: TXQ scheduler quantum */ enum wiphy_params_flags { WIPHY_PARAM_RETRY_SHORT = 1 << 0, WIPHY_PARAM_RETRY_LONG = 1 << 1, WIPHY_PARAM_FRAG_THRESHOLD = 1 << 2, WIPHY_PARAM_RTS_THRESHOLD = 1 << 3, WIPHY_PARAM_COVERAGE_CLASS = 1 << 4, WIPHY_PARAM_DYN_ACK = 1 << 5, WIPHY_PARAM_TXQ_LIMIT = 1 << 6, WIPHY_PARAM_TXQ_MEMORY_LIMIT = 1 << 7, WIPHY_PARAM_TXQ_QUANTUM = 1 << 8, }; #define IEEE80211_DEFAULT_AIRTIME_WEIGHT 256 /* The per TXQ device queue limit in airtime */ #define IEEE80211_DEFAULT_AQL_TXQ_LIMIT_L 5000 #define IEEE80211_DEFAULT_AQL_TXQ_LIMIT_H 12000 /* The per interface airtime threshold to switch to lower queue limit */ #define IEEE80211_AQL_THRESHOLD 24000 /** * struct cfg80211_pmksa - PMK Security Association * * This structure is passed to the set/del_pmksa() method for PMKSA * caching. * * @bssid: The AP's BSSID (may be %NULL). * @pmkid: The identifier to refer a PMKSA. * @pmk: The PMK for the PMKSA identified by @pmkid. This is used for key * derivation by a FILS STA. Otherwise, %NULL. * @pmk_len: Length of the @pmk. The length of @pmk can differ depending on * the hash algorithm used to generate this. * @ssid: SSID to specify the ESS within which a PMKSA is valid when using FILS * cache identifier (may be %NULL). * @ssid_len: Length of the @ssid in octets. * @cache_id: 2-octet cache identifier advertized by a FILS AP identifying the * scope of PMKSA. This is valid only if @ssid_len is non-zero (may be * %NULL). * @pmk_lifetime: Maximum lifetime for PMKSA in seconds * (dot11RSNAConfigPMKLifetime) or 0 if not specified. * The configured PMKSA must not be used for PMKSA caching after * expiration and any keys derived from this PMK become invalid on * expiration, i.e., the current association must be dropped if the PMK * used for it expires. * @pmk_reauth_threshold: Threshold time for reauthentication (percentage of * PMK lifetime, dot11RSNAConfigPMKReauthThreshold) or 0 if not specified. * Drivers are expected to trigger a full authentication instead of using * this PMKSA for caching when reassociating to a new BSS after this * threshold to generate a new PMK before the current one expires. */ struct cfg80211_pmksa { const u8 *bssid; const u8 *pmkid; const u8 *pmk; size_t pmk_len; const u8 *ssid; size_t ssid_len; const u8 *cache_id; u32 pmk_lifetime; u8 pmk_reauth_threshold; }; /** * struct cfg80211_pkt_pattern - packet pattern * @mask: bitmask where to match pattern and where to ignore bytes, * one bit per byte, in same format as nl80211 * @pattern: bytes to match where bitmask is 1 * @pattern_len: length of pattern (in bytes) * @pkt_offset: packet offset (in bytes) * * Internal note: @mask and @pattern are allocated in one chunk of * memory, free @mask only! */ struct cfg80211_pkt_pattern { const u8 *mask, *pattern; int pattern_len; int pkt_offset; }; /** * struct cfg80211_wowlan_tcp - TCP connection parameters * * @sock: (internal) socket for source port allocation * @src: source IP address * @dst: destination IP address * @dst_mac: destination MAC address * @src_port: source port * @dst_port: destination port * @payload_len: data payload length * @payload: data payload buffer * @payload_seq: payload sequence stamping configuration * @data_interval: interval at which to send data packets * @wake_len: wakeup payload match length * @wake_data: wakeup payload match data * @wake_mask: wakeup payload match mask * @tokens_size: length of the tokens buffer * @payload_tok: payload token usage configuration */ struct cfg80211_wowlan_tcp { struct socket *sock; __be32 src, dst; u16 src_port, dst_port; u8 dst_mac[ETH_ALEN]; int payload_len; const u8 *payload; struct nl80211_wowlan_tcp_data_seq payload_seq; u32 data_interval; u32 wake_len; const u8 *wake_data, *wake_mask; u32 tokens_size; /* must be last, variable member */ struct nl80211_wowlan_tcp_data_token payload_tok; }; /** * struct cfg80211_wowlan - Wake on Wireless-LAN support info * * This structure defines the enabled WoWLAN triggers for the device. * @any: wake up on any activity -- special trigger if device continues * operating as normal during suspend * @disconnect: wake up if getting disconnected * @magic_pkt: wake up on receiving magic packet * @patterns: wake up on receiving packet matching a pattern * @n_patterns: number of patterns * @gtk_rekey_failure: wake up on GTK rekey failure * @eap_identity_req: wake up on EAP identity request packet * @four_way_handshake: wake up on 4-way handshake * @rfkill_release: wake up when rfkill is released * @tcp: TCP connection establishment/wakeup parameters, see nl80211.h. * NULL if not configured. * @nd_config: configuration for the scan to be used for net detect wake. */ struct cfg80211_wowlan { bool any, disconnect, magic_pkt, gtk_rekey_failure, eap_identity_req, four_way_handshake, rfkill_release; struct cfg80211_pkt_pattern *patterns; struct cfg80211_wowlan_tcp *tcp; int n_patterns; struct cfg80211_sched_scan_request *nd_config; }; /** * struct cfg80211_coalesce_rules - Coalesce rule parameters * * This structure defines coalesce rule for the device. * @delay: maximum coalescing delay in msecs. * @condition: condition for packet coalescence. * see &enum nl80211_coalesce_condition. * @patterns: array of packet patterns * @n_patterns: number of patterns */ struct cfg80211_coalesce_rules { int delay; enum nl80211_coalesce_condition condition; struct cfg80211_pkt_pattern *patterns; int n_patterns; }; /** * struct cfg80211_coalesce - Packet coalescing settings * * This structure defines coalescing settings. * @rules: array of coalesce rules * @n_rules: number of rules */ struct cfg80211_coalesce { struct cfg80211_coalesce_rules *rules; int n_rules; }; /** * struct cfg80211_wowlan_nd_match - information about the match * * @ssid: SSID of the match that triggered the wake up * @n_channels: Number of channels where the match occurred. This * value may be zero if the driver can't report the channels. * @channels: center frequencies of the channels where a match * occurred (in MHz) */ struct cfg80211_wowlan_nd_match { struct cfg80211_ssid ssid; int n_channels; u32 channels[]; }; /** * struct cfg80211_wowlan_nd_info - net detect wake up information * * @n_matches: Number of match information instances provided in * @matches. This value may be zero if the driver can't provide * match information. * @matches: Array of pointers to matches containing information about * the matches that triggered the wake up. */ struct cfg80211_wowlan_nd_info { int n_matches; struct cfg80211_wowlan_nd_match *matches[]; }; /** * struct cfg80211_wowlan_wakeup - wakeup report * @disconnect: woke up by getting disconnected * @magic_pkt: woke up by receiving magic packet * @gtk_rekey_failure: woke up by GTK rekey failure * @eap_identity_req: woke up by EAP identity request packet * @four_way_handshake: woke up by 4-way handshake * @rfkill_release: woke up by rfkill being released * @pattern_idx: pattern that caused wakeup, -1 if not due to pattern * @packet_present_len: copied wakeup packet data * @packet_len: original wakeup packet length * @packet: The packet causing the wakeup, if any. * @packet_80211: For pattern match, magic packet and other data * frame triggers an 802.3 frame should be reported, for * disconnect due to deauth 802.11 frame. This indicates which * it is. * @tcp_match: TCP wakeup packet received * @tcp_connlost: TCP connection lost or failed to establish * @tcp_nomoretokens: TCP data ran out of tokens * @net_detect: if not %NULL, woke up because of net detect */ struct cfg80211_wowlan_wakeup { bool disconnect, magic_pkt, gtk_rekey_failure, eap_identity_req, four_way_handshake, rfkill_release, packet_80211, tcp_match, tcp_connlost, tcp_nomoretokens; s32 pattern_idx; u32 packet_present_len, packet_len; const void *packet; struct cfg80211_wowlan_nd_info *net_detect; }; /** * struct cfg80211_gtk_rekey_data - rekey data * @kek: key encryption key (@kek_len bytes) * @kck: key confirmation key (@kck_len bytes) * @replay_ctr: replay counter (NL80211_REPLAY_CTR_LEN bytes) * @kek_len: length of kek * @kck_len length of kck * @akm: akm (oui, id) */ struct cfg80211_gtk_rekey_data { const u8 *kek, *kck, *replay_ctr; u32 akm; u8 kek_len, kck_len; }; /** * struct cfg80211_update_ft_ies_params - FT IE Information * * This structure provides information needed to update the fast transition IE * * @md: The Mobility Domain ID, 2 Octet value * @ie: Fast Transition IEs * @ie_len: Length of ft_ie in octets */ struct cfg80211_update_ft_ies_params { u16 md; const u8 *ie; size_t ie_len; }; /** * struct cfg80211_mgmt_tx_params - mgmt tx parameters * * This structure provides information needed to transmit a mgmt frame * * @chan: channel to use * @offchan: indicates wether off channel operation is required * @wait: duration for ROC * @buf: buffer to transmit * @len: buffer length * @no_cck: don't use cck rates for this frame * @dont_wait_for_ack: tells the low level not to wait for an ack * @n_csa_offsets: length of csa_offsets array * @csa_offsets: array of all the csa offsets in the frame */ struct cfg80211_mgmt_tx_params { struct ieee80211_channel *chan; bool offchan; unsigned int wait; const u8 *buf; size_t len; bool no_cck; bool dont_wait_for_ack; int n_csa_offsets; const u16 *csa_offsets; }; /** * struct cfg80211_dscp_exception - DSCP exception * * @dscp: DSCP value that does not adhere to the user priority range definition * @up: user priority value to which the corresponding DSCP value belongs */ struct cfg80211_dscp_exception { u8 dscp; u8 up; }; /** * struct cfg80211_dscp_range - DSCP range definition for user priority * * @low: lowest DSCP value of this user priority range, inclusive * @high: highest DSCP value of this user priority range, inclusive */ struct cfg80211_dscp_range { u8 low; u8 high; }; /* QoS Map Set element length defined in IEEE Std 802.11-2012, 8.4.2.97 */ #define IEEE80211_QOS_MAP_MAX_EX 21 #define IEEE80211_QOS_MAP_LEN_MIN 16 #define IEEE80211_QOS_MAP_LEN_MAX \ (IEEE80211_QOS_MAP_LEN_MIN + 2 * IEEE80211_QOS_MAP_MAX_EX) /** * struct cfg80211_qos_map - QoS Map Information * * This struct defines the Interworking QoS map setting for DSCP values * * @num_des: number of DSCP exceptions (0..21) * @dscp_exception: optionally up to maximum of 21 DSCP exceptions from * the user priority DSCP range definition * @up: DSCP range definition for a particular user priority */ struct cfg80211_qos_map { u8 num_des; struct cfg80211_dscp_exception dscp_exception[IEEE80211_QOS_MAP_MAX_EX]; struct cfg80211_dscp_range up[8]; }; /** * struct cfg80211_nan_conf - NAN configuration * * This struct defines NAN configuration parameters * * @master_pref: master preference (1 - 255) * @bands: operating bands, a bitmap of &enum nl80211_band values. * For instance, for NL80211_BAND_2GHZ, bit 0 would be set * (i.e. BIT(NL80211_BAND_2GHZ)). */ struct cfg80211_nan_conf { u8 master_pref; u8 bands; }; /** * enum cfg80211_nan_conf_changes - indicates changed fields in NAN * configuration * * @CFG80211_NAN_CONF_CHANGED_PREF: master preference * @CFG80211_NAN_CONF_CHANGED_BANDS: operating bands */ enum cfg80211_nan_conf_changes { CFG80211_NAN_CONF_CHANGED_PREF = BIT(0), CFG80211_NAN_CONF_CHANGED_BANDS = BIT(1), }; /** * struct cfg80211_nan_func_filter - a NAN function Rx / Tx filter * * @filter: the content of the filter * @len: the length of the filter */ struct cfg80211_nan_func_filter { const u8 *filter; u8 len; }; /** * struct cfg80211_nan_func - a NAN function * * @type: &enum nl80211_nan_function_type * @service_id: the service ID of the function * @publish_type: &nl80211_nan_publish_type * @close_range: if true, the range should be limited. Threshold is * implementation specific. * @publish_bcast: if true, the solicited publish should be broadcasted * @subscribe_active: if true, the subscribe is active * @followup_id: the instance ID for follow up * @followup_reqid: the requestor instance ID for follow up * @followup_dest: MAC address of the recipient of the follow up * @ttl: time to live counter in DW. * @serv_spec_info: Service Specific Info * @serv_spec_info_len: Service Specific Info length * @srf_include: if true, SRF is inclusive * @srf_bf: Bloom Filter * @srf_bf_len: Bloom Filter length * @srf_bf_idx: Bloom Filter index * @srf_macs: SRF MAC addresses * @srf_num_macs: number of MAC addresses in SRF * @rx_filters: rx filters that are matched with corresponding peer's tx_filter * @tx_filters: filters that should be transmitted in the SDF. * @num_rx_filters: length of &rx_filters. * @num_tx_filters: length of &tx_filters. * @instance_id: driver allocated id of the function. * @cookie: unique NAN function identifier. */ struct cfg80211_nan_func { enum nl80211_nan_function_type type; u8 service_id[NL80211_NAN_FUNC_SERVICE_ID_LEN]; u8 publish_type; bool close_range; bool publish_bcast; bool subscribe_active; u8 followup_id; u8 followup_reqid; struct mac_address followup_dest; u32 ttl; const u8 *serv_spec_info; u8 serv_spec_info_len; bool srf_include; const u8 *srf_bf; u8 srf_bf_len; u8 srf_bf_idx; struct mac_address *srf_macs; int srf_num_macs; struct cfg80211_nan_func_filter *rx_filters; struct cfg80211_nan_func_filter *tx_filters; u8 num_tx_filters; u8 num_rx_filters; u8 instance_id; u64 cookie; }; /** * struct cfg80211_pmk_conf - PMK configuration * * @aa: authenticator address * @pmk_len: PMK length in bytes. * @pmk: the PMK material * @pmk_r0_name: PMK-R0 Name. NULL if not applicable (i.e., the PMK * is not PMK-R0). When pmk_r0_name is not NULL, the pmk field * holds PMK-R0. */ struct cfg80211_pmk_conf { const u8 *aa; u8 pmk_len; const u8 *pmk; const u8 *pmk_r0_name; }; /** * struct cfg80211_external_auth_params - Trigger External authentication. * * Commonly used across the external auth request and event interfaces. * * @action: action type / trigger for external authentication. Only significant * for the authentication request event interface (driver to user space). * @bssid: BSSID of the peer with which the authentication has * to happen. Used by both the authentication request event and * authentication response command interface. * @ssid: SSID of the AP. Used by both the authentication request event and * authentication response command interface. * @key_mgmt_suite: AKM suite of the respective authentication. Used by the * authentication request event interface. * @status: status code, %WLAN_STATUS_SUCCESS for successful authentication, * use %WLAN_STATUS_UNSPECIFIED_FAILURE if user space cannot give you * the real status code for failures. Used only for the authentication * response command interface (user space to driver). * @pmkid: The identifier to refer a PMKSA. */ struct cfg80211_external_auth_params { enum nl80211_external_auth_action action; u8 bssid[ETH_ALEN] __aligned(2); struct cfg80211_ssid ssid; unsigned int key_mgmt_suite; u16 status; const u8 *pmkid; }; /** * struct cfg80211_ftm_responder_stats - FTM responder statistics * * @filled: bitflag of flags using the bits of &enum nl80211_ftm_stats to * indicate the relevant values in this struct for them * @success_num: number of FTM sessions in which all frames were successfully * answered * @partial_num: number of FTM sessions in which part of frames were * successfully answered * @failed_num: number of failed FTM sessions * @asap_num: number of ASAP FTM sessions * @non_asap_num: number of non-ASAP FTM sessions * @total_duration_ms: total sessions durations - gives an indication * of how much time the responder was busy * @unknown_triggers_num: number of unknown FTM triggers - triggers from * initiators that didn't finish successfully the negotiation phase with * the responder * @reschedule_requests_num: number of FTM reschedule requests - initiator asks * for a new scheduling although it already has scheduled FTM slot * @out_of_window_triggers_num: total FTM triggers out of scheduled window */ struct cfg80211_ftm_responder_stats { u32 filled; u32 success_num; u32 partial_num; u32 failed_num; u32 asap_num; u32 non_asap_num; u64 total_duration_ms; u32 unknown_triggers_num; u32 reschedule_requests_num; u32 out_of_window_triggers_num; }; /** * struct cfg80211_pmsr_ftm_result - FTM result * @failure_reason: if this measurement failed (PMSR status is * %NL80211_PMSR_STATUS_FAILURE), this gives a more precise * reason than just "failure" * @burst_index: if reporting partial results, this is the index * in [0 .. num_bursts-1] of the burst that's being reported * @num_ftmr_attempts: number of FTM request frames transmitted * @num_ftmr_successes: number of FTM request frames acked * @busy_retry_time: if failure_reason is %NL80211_PMSR_FTM_FAILURE_PEER_BUSY, * fill this to indicate in how many seconds a retry is deemed possible * by the responder * @num_bursts_exp: actual number of bursts exponent negotiated * @burst_duration: actual burst duration negotiated * @ftms_per_burst: actual FTMs per burst negotiated * @lci_len: length of LCI information (if present) * @civicloc_len: length of civic location information (if present) * @lci: LCI data (may be %NULL) * @civicloc: civic location data (may be %NULL) * @rssi_avg: average RSSI over FTM action frames reported * @rssi_spread: spread of the RSSI over FTM action frames reported * @tx_rate: bitrate for transmitted FTM action frame response * @rx_rate: bitrate of received FTM action frame * @rtt_avg: average of RTTs measured (must have either this or @dist_avg) * @rtt_variance: variance of RTTs measured (note that standard deviation is * the square root of the variance) * @rtt_spread: spread of the RTTs measured * @dist_avg: average of distances (mm) measured * (must have either this or @rtt_avg) * @dist_variance: variance of distances measured (see also @rtt_variance) * @dist_spread: spread of distances measured (see also @rtt_spread) * @num_ftmr_attempts_valid: @num_ftmr_attempts is valid * @num_ftmr_successes_valid: @num_ftmr_successes is valid * @rssi_avg_valid: @rssi_avg is valid * @rssi_spread_valid: @rssi_spread is valid * @tx_rate_valid: @tx_rate is valid * @rx_rate_valid: @rx_rate is valid * @rtt_avg_valid: @rtt_avg is valid * @rtt_variance_valid: @rtt_variance is valid * @rtt_spread_valid: @rtt_spread is valid * @dist_avg_valid: @dist_avg is valid * @dist_variance_valid: @dist_variance is valid * @dist_spread_valid: @dist_spread is valid */ struct cfg80211_pmsr_ftm_result { const u8 *lci; const u8 *civicloc; unsigned int lci_len; unsigned int civicloc_len; enum nl80211_peer_measurement_ftm_failure_reasons failure_reason; u32 num_ftmr_attempts, num_ftmr_successes; s16 burst_index; u8 busy_retry_time; u8 num_bursts_exp; u8 burst_duration; u8 ftms_per_burst; s32 rssi_avg; s32 rssi_spread; struct rate_info tx_rate, rx_rate; s64 rtt_avg; s64 rtt_variance; s64 rtt_spread; s64 dist_avg; s64 dist_variance; s64 dist_spread; u16 num_ftmr_attempts_valid:1, num_ftmr_successes_valid:1, rssi_avg_valid:1, rssi_spread_valid:1, tx_rate_valid:1, rx_rate_valid:1, rtt_avg_valid:1, rtt_variance_valid:1, rtt_spread_valid:1, dist_avg_valid:1, dist_variance_valid:1, dist_spread_valid:1; }; /** * struct cfg80211_pmsr_result - peer measurement result * @addr: address of the peer * @host_time: host time (use ktime_get_boottime() adjust to the time when the * measurement was made) * @ap_tsf: AP's TSF at measurement time * @status: status of the measurement * @final: if reporting partial results, mark this as the last one; if not * reporting partial results always set this flag * @ap_tsf_valid: indicates the @ap_tsf value is valid * @type: type of the measurement reported, note that we only support reporting * one type at a time, but you can report multiple results separately and * they're all aggregated for userspace. */ struct cfg80211_pmsr_result { u64 host_time, ap_tsf; enum nl80211_peer_measurement_status status; u8 addr[ETH_ALEN]; u8 final:1, ap_tsf_valid:1; enum nl80211_peer_measurement_type type; union { struct cfg80211_pmsr_ftm_result ftm; }; }; /** * struct cfg80211_pmsr_ftm_request_peer - FTM request data * @requested: indicates FTM is requested * @preamble: frame preamble to use * @burst_period: burst period to use * @asap: indicates to use ASAP mode * @num_bursts_exp: number of bursts exponent * @burst_duration: burst duration * @ftms_per_burst: number of FTMs per burst * @ftmr_retries: number of retries for FTM request * @request_lci: request LCI information * @request_civicloc: request civic location information * @trigger_based: use trigger based ranging for the measurement * If neither @trigger_based nor @non_trigger_based is set, * EDCA based ranging will be used. * @non_trigger_based: use non trigger based ranging for the measurement * If neither @trigger_based nor @non_trigger_based is set, * EDCA based ranging will be used. * * See also nl80211 for the respective attribute documentation. */ struct cfg80211_pmsr_ftm_request_peer { enum nl80211_preamble preamble; u16 burst_period; u8 requested:1, asap:1, request_lci:1, request_civicloc:1, trigger_based:1, non_trigger_based:1; u8 num_bursts_exp; u8 burst_duration; u8 ftms_per_burst; u8 ftmr_retries; }; /** * struct cfg80211_pmsr_request_peer - peer data for a peer measurement request * @addr: MAC address * @chandef: channel to use * @report_ap_tsf: report the associated AP's TSF * @ftm: FTM data, see &struct cfg80211_pmsr_ftm_request_peer */ struct cfg80211_pmsr_request_peer { u8 addr[ETH_ALEN]; struct cfg80211_chan_def chandef; u8 report_ap_tsf:1; struct cfg80211_pmsr_ftm_request_peer ftm; }; /** * struct cfg80211_pmsr_request - peer measurement request * @cookie: cookie, set by cfg80211 * @nl_portid: netlink portid - used by cfg80211 * @drv_data: driver data for this request, if required for aborting, * not otherwise freed or anything by cfg80211 * @mac_addr: MAC address used for (randomised) request * @mac_addr_mask: MAC address mask used for randomisation, bits that * are 0 in the mask should be randomised, bits that are 1 should * be taken from the @mac_addr * @list: used by cfg80211 to hold on to the request * @timeout: timeout (in milliseconds) for the whole operation, if * zero it means there's no timeout * @n_peers: number of peers to do measurements with * @peers: per-peer measurement request data */ struct cfg80211_pmsr_request { u64 cookie; void *drv_data; u32 n_peers; u32 nl_portid; u32 timeout; u8 mac_addr[ETH_ALEN] __aligned(2); u8 mac_addr_mask[ETH_ALEN] __aligned(2); struct list_head list; struct cfg80211_pmsr_request_peer peers[]; }; /** * struct cfg80211_update_owe_info - OWE Information * * This structure provides information needed for the drivers to offload OWE * (Opportunistic Wireless Encryption) processing to the user space. * * Commonly used across update_owe_info request and event interfaces. * * @peer: MAC address of the peer device for which the OWE processing * has to be done. * @status: status code, %WLAN_STATUS_SUCCESS for successful OWE info * processing, use %WLAN_STATUS_UNSPECIFIED_FAILURE if user space * cannot give you the real status code for failures. Used only for * OWE update request command interface (user space to driver). * @ie: IEs obtained from the peer or constructed by the user space. These are * the IEs of the remote peer in the event from the host driver and * the constructed IEs by the user space in the request interface. * @ie_len: Length of IEs in octets. */ struct cfg80211_update_owe_info { u8 peer[ETH_ALEN] __aligned(2); u16 status; const u8 *ie; size_t ie_len; }; /** * struct mgmt_frame_regs - management frame registrations data * @global_stypes: bitmap of management frame subtypes registered * for the entire device * @interface_stypes: bitmap of management frame subtypes registered * for the given interface * @global_mcast_rx: mcast RX is needed globally for these subtypes * @interface_mcast_stypes: mcast RX is needed on this interface * for these subtypes */ struct mgmt_frame_regs { u32 global_stypes, interface_stypes; u32 global_mcast_stypes, interface_mcast_stypes; }; /** * struct cfg80211_ops - backend description for wireless configuration * * This struct is registered by fullmac card drivers and/or wireless stacks * in order to handle configuration requests on their interfaces. * * All callbacks except where otherwise noted should return 0 * on success or a negative error code. * * All operations are currently invoked under rtnl for consistency with the * wireless extensions but this is subject to reevaluation as soon as this * code is used more widely and we have a first user without wext. * * @suspend: wiphy device needs to be suspended. The variable @wow will * be %NULL or contain the enabled Wake-on-Wireless triggers that are * configured for the device. * @resume: wiphy device needs to be resumed * @set_wakeup: Called when WoWLAN is enabled/disabled, use this callback * to call device_set_wakeup_enable() to enable/disable wakeup from * the device. * * @add_virtual_intf: create a new virtual interface with the given name, * must set the struct wireless_dev's iftype. Beware: You must create * the new netdev in the wiphy's network namespace! Returns the struct * wireless_dev, or an ERR_PTR. For P2P device wdevs, the driver must * also set the address member in the wdev. * * @del_virtual_intf: remove the virtual interface * * @change_virtual_intf: change type/configuration of virtual interface, * keep the struct wireless_dev's iftype updated. * * @add_key: add a key with the given parameters. @mac_addr will be %NULL * when adding a group key. * * @get_key: get information about the key with the given parameters. * @mac_addr will be %NULL when requesting information for a group * key. All pointers given to the @callback function need not be valid * after it returns. This function should return an error if it is * not possible to retrieve the key, -ENOENT if it doesn't exist. * * @del_key: remove a key given the @mac_addr (%NULL for a group key) * and @key_index, return -ENOENT if the key doesn't exist. * * @set_default_key: set the default key on an interface * * @set_default_mgmt_key: set the default management frame key on an interface * * @set_default_beacon_key: set the default Beacon frame key on an interface * * @set_rekey_data: give the data necessary for GTK rekeying to the driver * * @start_ap: Start acting in AP mode defined by the parameters. * @change_beacon: Change the beacon parameters for an access point mode * interface. This should reject the call when AP mode wasn't started. * @stop_ap: Stop being an AP, including stopping beaconing. * * @add_station: Add a new station. * @del_station: Remove a station * @change_station: Modify a given station. Note that flags changes are not much * validated in cfg80211, in particular the auth/assoc/authorized flags * might come to the driver in invalid combinations -- make sure to check * them, also against the existing state! Drivers must call * cfg80211_check_station_change() to validate the information. * @get_station: get station information for the station identified by @mac * @dump_station: dump station callback -- resume dump at index @idx * * @add_mpath: add a fixed mesh path * @del_mpath: delete a given mesh path * @change_mpath: change a given mesh path * @get_mpath: get a mesh path for the given parameters * @dump_mpath: dump mesh path callback -- resume dump at index @idx * @get_mpp: get a mesh proxy path for the given parameters * @dump_mpp: dump mesh proxy path callback -- resume dump at index @idx * @join_mesh: join the mesh network with the specified parameters * (invoked with the wireless_dev mutex held) * @leave_mesh: leave the current mesh network * (invoked with the wireless_dev mutex held) * * @get_mesh_config: Get the current mesh configuration * * @update_mesh_config: Update mesh parameters on a running mesh. * The mask is a bitfield which tells us which parameters to * set, and which to leave alone. * * @change_bss: Modify parameters for a given BSS. * * @set_txq_params: Set TX queue parameters * * @libertas_set_mesh_channel: Only for backward compatibility for libertas, * as it doesn't implement join_mesh and needs to set the channel to * join the mesh instead. * * @set_monitor_channel: Set the monitor mode channel for the device. If other * interfaces are active this callback should reject the configuration. * If no interfaces are active or the device is down, the channel should * be stored for when a monitor interface becomes active. * * @scan: Request to do a scan. If returning zero, the scan request is given * the driver, and will be valid until passed to cfg80211_scan_done(). * For scan results, call cfg80211_inform_bss(); you can call this outside * the scan/scan_done bracket too. * @abort_scan: Tell the driver to abort an ongoing scan. The driver shall * indicate the status of the scan through cfg80211_scan_done(). * * @auth: Request to authenticate with the specified peer * (invoked with the wireless_dev mutex held) * @assoc: Request to (re)associate with the specified peer * (invoked with the wireless_dev mutex held) * @deauth: Request to deauthenticate from the specified peer * (invoked with the wireless_dev mutex held) * @disassoc: Request to disassociate from the specified peer * (invoked with the wireless_dev mutex held) * * @connect: Connect to the ESS with the specified parameters. When connected, * call cfg80211_connect_result()/cfg80211_connect_bss() with status code * %WLAN_STATUS_SUCCESS. If the connection fails for some reason, call * cfg80211_connect_result()/cfg80211_connect_bss() with the status code * from the AP or cfg80211_connect_timeout() if no frame with status code * was received. * The driver is allowed to roam to other BSSes within the ESS when the * other BSS matches the connect parameters. When such roaming is initiated * by the driver, the driver is expected to verify that the target matches * the configured security parameters and to use Reassociation Request * frame instead of Association Request frame. * The connect function can also be used to request the driver to perform a * specific roam when connected to an ESS. In that case, the prev_bssid * parameter is set to the BSSID of the currently associated BSS as an * indication of requesting reassociation. * In both the driver-initiated and new connect() call initiated roaming * cases, the result of roaming is indicated with a call to * cfg80211_roamed(). (invoked with the wireless_dev mutex held) * @update_connect_params: Update the connect parameters while connected to a * BSS. The updated parameters can be used by driver/firmware for * subsequent BSS selection (roaming) decisions and to form the * Authentication/(Re)Association Request frames. This call does not * request an immediate disassociation or reassociation with the current * BSS, i.e., this impacts only subsequent (re)associations. The bits in * changed are defined in &enum cfg80211_connect_params_changed. * (invoked with the wireless_dev mutex held) * @disconnect: Disconnect from the BSS/ESS or stop connection attempts if * connection is in progress. Once done, call cfg80211_disconnected() in * case connection was already established (invoked with the * wireless_dev mutex held), otherwise call cfg80211_connect_timeout(). * * @join_ibss: Join the specified IBSS (or create if necessary). Once done, call * cfg80211_ibss_joined(), also call that function when changing BSSID due * to a merge. * (invoked with the wireless_dev mutex held) * @leave_ibss: Leave the IBSS. * (invoked with the wireless_dev mutex held) * * @set_mcast_rate: Set the specified multicast rate (only if vif is in ADHOC or * MESH mode) * * @set_wiphy_params: Notify that wiphy parameters have changed; * @changed bitfield (see &enum wiphy_params_flags) describes which values * have changed. The actual parameter values are available in * struct wiphy. If returning an error, no value should be changed. * * @set_tx_power: set the transmit power according to the parameters, * the power passed is in mBm, to get dBm use MBM_TO_DBM(). The * wdev may be %NULL if power was set for the wiphy, and will * always be %NULL unless the driver supports per-vif TX power * (as advertised by the nl80211 feature flag.) * @get_tx_power: store the current TX power into the dbm variable; * return 0 if successful * * @set_wds_peer: set the WDS peer for a WDS interface * * @rfkill_poll: polls the hw rfkill line, use cfg80211 reporting * functions to adjust rfkill hw state * * @dump_survey: get site survey information. * * @remain_on_channel: Request the driver to remain awake on the specified * channel for the specified duration to complete an off-channel * operation (e.g., public action frame exchange). When the driver is * ready on the requested channel, it must indicate this with an event * notification by calling cfg80211_ready_on_channel(). * @cancel_remain_on_channel: Cancel an on-going remain-on-channel operation. * This allows the operation to be terminated prior to timeout based on * the duration value. * @mgmt_tx: Transmit a management frame. * @mgmt_tx_cancel_wait: Cancel the wait time from transmitting a management * frame on another channel * * @testmode_cmd: run a test mode command; @wdev may be %NULL * @testmode_dump: Implement a test mode dump. The cb->args[2] and up may be * used by the function, but 0 and 1 must not be touched. Additionally, * return error codes other than -ENOBUFS and -ENOENT will terminate the * dump and return to userspace with an error, so be careful. If any data * was passed in from userspace then the data/len arguments will be present * and point to the data contained in %NL80211_ATTR_TESTDATA. * * @set_bitrate_mask: set the bitrate mask configuration * * @set_pmksa: Cache a PMKID for a BSSID. This is mostly useful for fullmac * devices running firmwares capable of generating the (re) association * RSN IE. It allows for faster roaming between WPA2 BSSIDs. * @del_pmksa: Delete a cached PMKID. * @flush_pmksa: Flush all cached PMKIDs. * @set_power_mgmt: Configure WLAN power management. A timeout value of -1 * allows the driver to adjust the dynamic ps timeout value. * @set_cqm_rssi_config: Configure connection quality monitor RSSI threshold. * After configuration, the driver should (soon) send an event indicating * the current level is above/below the configured threshold; this may * need some care when the configuration is changed (without first being * disabled.) * @set_cqm_rssi_range_config: Configure two RSSI thresholds in the * connection quality monitor. An event is to be sent only when the * signal level is found to be outside the two values. The driver should * set %NL80211_EXT_FEATURE_CQM_RSSI_LIST if this method is implemented. * If it is provided then there's no point providing @set_cqm_rssi_config. * @set_cqm_txe_config: Configure connection quality monitor TX error * thresholds. * @sched_scan_start: Tell the driver to start a scheduled scan. * @sched_scan_stop: Tell the driver to stop an ongoing scheduled scan with * given request id. This call must stop the scheduled scan and be ready * for starting a new one before it returns, i.e. @sched_scan_start may be * called immediately after that again and should not fail in that case. * The driver should not call cfg80211_sched_scan_stopped() for a requested * stop (when this method returns 0). * * @update_mgmt_frame_registrations: Notify the driver that management frame * registrations were updated. The callback is allowed to sleep. * * @set_antenna: Set antenna configuration (tx_ant, rx_ant) on the device. * Parameters are bitmaps of allowed antennas to use for TX/RX. Drivers may * reject TX/RX mask combinations they cannot support by returning -EINVAL * (also see nl80211.h @NL80211_ATTR_WIPHY_ANTENNA_TX). * * @get_antenna: Get current antenna configuration from device (tx_ant, rx_ant). * * @tdls_mgmt: Transmit a TDLS management frame. * @tdls_oper: Perform a high-level TDLS operation (e.g. TDLS link setup). * * @probe_client: probe an associated client, must return a cookie that it * later passes to cfg80211_probe_status(). * * @set_noack_map: Set the NoAck Map for the TIDs. * * @get_channel: Get the current operating channel for the virtual interface. * For monitor interfaces, it should return %NULL unless there's a single * current monitoring channel. * * @start_p2p_device: Start the given P2P device. * @stop_p2p_device: Stop the given P2P device. * * @set_mac_acl: Sets MAC address control list in AP and P2P GO mode. * Parameters include ACL policy, an array of MAC address of stations * and the number of MAC addresses. If there is already a list in driver * this new list replaces the existing one. Driver has to clear its ACL * when number of MAC addresses entries is passed as 0. Drivers which * advertise the support for MAC based ACL have to implement this callback. * * @start_radar_detection: Start radar detection in the driver. * * @end_cac: End running CAC, probably because a related CAC * was finished on another phy. * * @update_ft_ies: Provide updated Fast BSS Transition information to the * driver. If the SME is in the driver/firmware, this information can be * used in building Authentication and Reassociation Request frames. * * @crit_proto_start: Indicates a critical protocol needs more link reliability * for a given duration (milliseconds). The protocol is provided so the * driver can take the most appropriate actions. * @crit_proto_stop: Indicates critical protocol no longer needs increased link * reliability. This operation can not fail. * @set_coalesce: Set coalesce parameters. * * @channel_switch: initiate channel-switch procedure (with CSA). Driver is * responsible for veryfing if the switch is possible. Since this is * inherently tricky driver may decide to disconnect an interface later * with cfg80211_stop_iface(). This doesn't mean driver can accept * everything. It should do it's best to verify requests and reject them * as soon as possible. * * @set_qos_map: Set QoS mapping information to the driver * * @set_ap_chanwidth: Set the AP (including P2P GO) mode channel width for the * given interface This is used e.g. for dynamic HT 20/40 MHz channel width * changes during the lifetime of the BSS. * * @add_tx_ts: validate (if admitted_time is 0) or add a TX TS to the device * with the given parameters; action frame exchange has been handled by * userspace so this just has to modify the TX path to take the TS into * account. * If the admitted time is 0 just validate the parameters to make sure * the session can be created at all; it is valid to just always return * success for that but that may result in inefficient behaviour (handshake * with the peer followed by immediate teardown when the addition is later * rejected) * @del_tx_ts: remove an existing TX TS * * @join_ocb: join the OCB network with the specified parameters * (invoked with the wireless_dev mutex held) * @leave_ocb: leave the current OCB network * (invoked with the wireless_dev mutex held) * * @tdls_channel_switch: Start channel-switching with a TDLS peer. The driver * is responsible for continually initiating channel-switching operations * and returning to the base channel for communication with the AP. * @tdls_cancel_channel_switch: Stop channel-switching with a TDLS peer. Both * peers must be on the base channel when the call completes. * @start_nan: Start the NAN interface. * @stop_nan: Stop the NAN interface. * @add_nan_func: Add a NAN function. Returns negative value on failure. * On success @nan_func ownership is transferred to the driver and * it may access it outside of the scope of this function. The driver * should free the @nan_func when no longer needed by calling * cfg80211_free_nan_func(). * On success the driver should assign an instance_id in the * provided @nan_func. * @del_nan_func: Delete a NAN function. * @nan_change_conf: changes NAN configuration. The changed parameters must * be specified in @changes (using &enum cfg80211_nan_conf_changes); * All other parameters must be ignored. * * @set_multicast_to_unicast: configure multicast to unicast conversion for BSS * * @get_txq_stats: Get TXQ stats for interface or phy. If wdev is %NULL, this * function should return phy stats, and interface stats otherwise. * * @set_pmk: configure the PMK to be used for offloaded 802.1X 4-Way handshake. * If not deleted through @del_pmk the PMK remains valid until disconnect * upon which the driver should clear it. * (invoked with the wireless_dev mutex held) * @del_pmk: delete the previously configured PMK for the given authenticator. * (invoked with the wireless_dev mutex held) * * @external_auth: indicates result of offloaded authentication processing from * user space * * @tx_control_port: TX a control port frame (EAPoL). The noencrypt parameter * tells the driver that the frame should not be encrypted. * * @get_ftm_responder_stats: Retrieve FTM responder statistics, if available. * Statistics should be cumulative, currently no way to reset is provided. * @start_pmsr: start peer measurement (e.g. FTM) * @abort_pmsr: abort peer measurement * * @update_owe_info: Provide updated OWE info to driver. Driver implementing SME * but offloading OWE processing to the user space will get the updated * DH IE through this interface. * * @probe_mesh_link: Probe direct Mesh peer's link quality by sending data frame * and overrule HWMP path selection algorithm. * @set_tid_config: TID specific configuration, this can be peer or BSS specific * This callback may sleep. * @reset_tid_config: Reset TID specific configuration for the peer, for the * given TIDs. This callback may sleep. */ struct cfg80211_ops { int (*suspend)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct cfg80211_wowlan *wow); int (*resume)(struct wiphy *wiphy); void (*set_wakeup)(struct wiphy *wiphy, bool enabled); struct wireless_dev * (*add_virtual_intf)(struct wiphy *wiphy, const char *name, unsigned char name_assign_type, enum nl80211_iftype type, struct vif_params *params); int (*del_virtual_intf)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct wireless_dev *wdev); int (*change_virtual_intf)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, enum nl80211_iftype type, struct vif_params *params); int (*add_key)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *netdev, u8 key_index, bool pairwise, const u8 *mac_addr, struct key_params *params); int (*get_key)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *netdev, u8 key_index, bool pairwise, const u8 *mac_addr, void *cookie, void (*callback)(void *cookie, struct key_params*)); int (*del_key)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *netdev, u8 key_index, bool pairwise, const u8 *mac_addr); int (*set_default_key)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *netdev, u8 key_index, bool unicast, bool multicast); int (*set_default_mgmt_key)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *netdev, u8 key_index); int (*set_default_beacon_key)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *netdev, u8 key_index); int (*start_ap)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, struct cfg80211_ap_settings *settings); int (*change_beacon)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, struct cfg80211_beacon_data *info); int (*stop_ap)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev); int (*add_station)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, const u8 *mac, struct station_parameters *params); int (*del_station)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, struct station_del_parameters *params); int (*change_station)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, const u8 *mac, struct station_parameters *params); int (*get_station)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, const u8 *mac, struct station_info *sinfo); int (*dump_station)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, int idx, u8 *mac, struct station_info *sinfo); int (*add_mpath)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, const u8 *dst, const u8 *next_hop); int (*del_mpath)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, const u8 *dst); int (*change_mpath)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, const u8 *dst, const u8 *next_hop); int (*get_mpath)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, u8 *dst, u8 *next_hop, struct mpath_info *pinfo); int (*dump_mpath)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, int idx, u8 *dst, u8 *next_hop, struct mpath_info *pinfo); int (*get_mpp)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, u8 *dst, u8 *mpp, struct mpath_info *pinfo); int (*dump_mpp)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, int idx, u8 *dst, u8 *mpp, struct mpath_info *pinfo); int (*get_mesh_config)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, struct mesh_config *conf); int (*update_mesh_config)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, u32 mask, const struct mesh_config *nconf); int (*join_mesh)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, const struct mesh_config *conf, const struct mesh_setup *setup); int (*leave_mesh)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev); int (*join_ocb)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, struct ocb_setup *setup); int (*leave_ocb)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev); int (*change_bss)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, struct bss_parameters *params); int (*set_txq_params)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, struct ieee80211_txq_params *params); int (*libertas_set_mesh_channel)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, struct ieee80211_channel *chan); int (*set_monitor_channel)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef); int (*scan)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct cfg80211_scan_request *request); void (*abort_scan)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct wireless_dev *wdev); int (*auth)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, struct cfg80211_auth_request *req); int (*assoc)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, struct cfg80211_assoc_request *req); int (*deauth)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, struct cfg80211_deauth_request *req); int (*disassoc)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, struct cfg80211_disassoc_request *req); int (*connect)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, struct cfg80211_connect_params *sme); int (*update_connect_params)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, struct cfg80211_connect_params *sme, u32 changed); int (*disconnect)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, u16 reason_code); int (*join_ibss)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, struct cfg80211_ibss_params *params); int (*leave_ibss)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev); int (*set_mcast_rate)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, int rate[NUM_NL80211_BANDS]); int (*set_wiphy_params)(struct wiphy *wiphy, u32 changed); int (*set_tx_power)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct wireless_dev *wdev, enum nl80211_tx_power_setting type, int mbm); int (*get_tx_power)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct wireless_dev *wdev, int *dbm); int (*set_wds_peer)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, const u8 *addr); void (*rfkill_poll)(struct wiphy *wiphy); #ifdef CONFIG_NL80211_TESTMODE int (*testmode_cmd)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct wireless_dev *wdev, void *data, int len); int (*testmode_dump)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb, void *data, int len); #endif int (*set_bitrate_mask)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, const u8 *peer, const struct cfg80211_bitrate_mask *mask); int (*dump_survey)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *netdev, int idx, struct survey_info *info); int (*set_pmksa)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *netdev, struct cfg80211_pmksa *pmksa); int (*del_pmksa)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *netdev, struct cfg80211_pmksa *pmksa); int (*flush_pmksa)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *netdev); int (*remain_on_channel)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct wireless_dev *wdev, struct ieee80211_channel *chan, unsigned int duration, u64 *cookie); int (*cancel_remain_on_channel)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct wireless_dev *wdev, u64 cookie); int (*mgmt_tx)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct wireless_dev *wdev, struct cfg80211_mgmt_tx_params *params, u64 *cookie); int (*mgmt_tx_cancel_wait)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct wireless_dev *wdev, u64 cookie); int (*set_power_mgmt)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, bool enabled, int timeout); int (*set_cqm_rssi_config)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, s32 rssi_thold, u32 rssi_hyst); int (*set_cqm_rssi_range_config)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, s32 rssi_low, s32 rssi_high); int (*set_cqm_txe_config)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, u32 rate, u32 pkts, u32 intvl); void (*update_mgmt_frame_registrations)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct wireless_dev *wdev, struct mgmt_frame_regs *upd); int (*set_antenna)(struct wiphy *wiphy, u32 tx_ant, u32 rx_ant); int (*get_antenna)(struct wiphy *wiphy, u32 *tx_ant, u32 *rx_ant); int (*sched_scan_start)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, struct cfg80211_sched_scan_request *request); int (*sched_scan_stop)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, u64 reqid); int (*set_rekey_data)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, struct cfg80211_gtk_rekey_data *data); int (*tdls_mgmt)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, const u8 *peer, u8 action_code, u8 dialog_token, u16 status_code, u32 peer_capability, bool initiator, const u8 *buf, size_t len); int (*tdls_oper)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, const u8 *peer, enum nl80211_tdls_operation oper); int (*probe_client)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, const u8 *peer, u64 *cookie); int (*set_noack_map)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, u16 noack_map); int (*get_channel)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct wireless_dev *wdev, struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef); int (*start_p2p_device)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct wireless_dev *wdev); void (*stop_p2p_device)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct wireless_dev *wdev); int (*set_mac_acl)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, const struct cfg80211_acl_data *params); int (*start_radar_detection)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef, u32 cac_time_ms); void (*end_cac)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev); int (*update_ft_ies)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, struct cfg80211_update_ft_ies_params *ftie); int (*crit_proto_start)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct wireless_dev *wdev, enum nl80211_crit_proto_id protocol, u16 duration); void (*crit_proto_stop)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct wireless_dev *wdev); int (*set_coalesce)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct cfg80211_coalesce *coalesce); int (*channel_switch)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, struct cfg80211_csa_settings *params); int (*set_qos_map)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, struct cfg80211_qos_map *qos_map); int (*set_ap_chanwidth)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef); int (*add_tx_ts)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, u8 tsid, const u8 *peer, u8 user_prio, u16 admitted_time); int (*del_tx_ts)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, u8 tsid, const u8 *peer); int (*tdls_channel_switch)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, const u8 *addr, u8 oper_class, struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef); void (*tdls_cancel_channel_switch)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, const u8 *addr); int (*start_nan)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct wireless_dev *wdev, struct cfg80211_nan_conf *conf); void (*stop_nan)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct wireless_dev *wdev); int (*add_nan_func)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct wireless_dev *wdev, struct cfg80211_nan_func *nan_func); void (*del_nan_func)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct wireless_dev *wdev, u64 cookie); int (*nan_change_conf)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct wireless_dev *wdev, struct cfg80211_nan_conf *conf, u32 changes); int (*set_multicast_to_unicast)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, const bool enabled); int (*get_txq_stats)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct wireless_dev *wdev, struct cfg80211_txq_stats *txqstats); int (*set_pmk)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, const struct cfg80211_pmk_conf *conf); int (*del_pmk)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, const u8 *aa); int (*external_auth)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, struct cfg80211_external_auth_params *params); int (*tx_control_port)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, const u8 *buf, size_t len, const u8 *dest, const __be16 proto, const bool noencrypt, u64 *cookie); int (*get_ftm_responder_stats)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, struct cfg80211_ftm_responder_stats *ftm_stats); int (*start_pmsr)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct wireless_dev *wdev, struct cfg80211_pmsr_request *request); void (*abort_pmsr)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct wireless_dev *wdev, struct cfg80211_pmsr_request *request); int (*update_owe_info)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, struct cfg80211_update_owe_info *owe_info); int (*probe_mesh_link)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, const u8 *buf, size_t len); int (*set_tid_config)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, struct cfg80211_tid_config *tid_conf); int (*reset_tid_config)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net_device *dev, const u8 *peer, u8 tids); }; /* * wireless hardware and networking interfaces structures * and registration/helper functions */ /** * enum wiphy_flags - wiphy capability flags * * @WIPHY_FLAG_SPLIT_SCAN_6GHZ: if set to true, the scan request will be split * into two, first for legacy bands and second for UHB. * @WIPHY_FLAG_NETNS_OK: if not set, do not allow changing the netns of this * wiphy at all * @WIPHY_FLAG_PS_ON_BY_DEFAULT: if set to true, powersave will be enabled * by default -- this flag will be set depending on the kernel's default * on wiphy_new(), but can be changed by the driver if it has a good * reason to override the default * @WIPHY_FLAG_4ADDR_AP: supports 4addr mode even on AP (with a single station * on a VLAN interface). This flag also serves an extra purpose of * supporting 4ADDR AP mode on devices which do not support AP/VLAN iftype. * @WIPHY_FLAG_4ADDR_STATION: supports 4addr mode even as a station * @WIPHY_FLAG_CONTROL_PORT_PROTOCOL: This device supports setting the * control port protocol ethertype. The device also honours the * control_port_no_encrypt flag. * @WIPHY_FLAG_IBSS_RSN: The device supports IBSS RSN. * @WIPHY_FLAG_MESH_AUTH: The device supports mesh authentication by routing * auth frames to userspace. See @NL80211_MESH_SETUP_USERSPACE_AUTH. * @WIPHY_FLAG_SUPPORTS_FW_ROAM: The device supports roaming feature in the * firmware. * @WIPHY_FLAG_AP_UAPSD: The device supports uapsd on AP. * @WIPHY_FLAG_SUPPORTS_TDLS: The device supports TDLS (802.11z) operation. * @WIPHY_FLAG_TDLS_EXTERNAL_SETUP: The device does not handle TDLS (802.11z) * link setup/discovery operations internally. Setup, discovery and * teardown packets should be sent through the @NL80211_CMD_TDLS_MGMT * command. When this flag is not set, @NL80211_CMD_TDLS_OPER should be * used for asking the driver/firmware to perform a TDLS operation. * @WIPHY_FLAG_HAVE_AP_SME: device integrates AP SME * @WIPHY_FLAG_REPORTS_OBSS: the device will report beacons from other BSSes * when there are virtual interfaces in AP mode by calling * cfg80211_report_obss_beacon(). * @WIPHY_FLAG_AP_PROBE_RESP_OFFLOAD: When operating as an AP, the device * responds to probe-requests in hardware. * @WIPHY_FLAG_OFFCHAN_TX: Device supports direct off-channel TX. * @WIPHY_FLAG_HAS_REMAIN_ON_CHANNEL: Device supports remain-on-channel call. * @WIPHY_FLAG_SUPPORTS_5_10_MHZ: Device supports 5 MHz and 10 MHz channels. * @WIPHY_FLAG_HAS_CHANNEL_SWITCH: Device supports channel switch in * beaconing mode (AP, IBSS, Mesh, ...). * @WIPHY_FLAG_HAS_STATIC_WEP: The device supports static WEP key installation * before connection. * @WIPHY_FLAG_SUPPORTS_EXT_KEK_KCK: The device supports bigger kek and kck keys */ enum wiphy_flags { WIPHY_FLAG_SUPPORTS_EXT_KEK_KCK = BIT(0), /* use hole at 1 */ WIPHY_FLAG_SPLIT_SCAN_6GHZ = BIT(2), WIPHY_FLAG_NETNS_OK = BIT(3), WIPHY_FLAG_PS_ON_BY_DEFAULT = BIT(4), WIPHY_FLAG_4ADDR_AP = BIT(5), WIPHY_FLAG_4ADDR_STATION = BIT(6), WIPHY_FLAG_CONTROL_PORT_PROTOCOL = BIT(7), WIPHY_FLAG_IBSS_RSN = BIT(8), WIPHY_FLAG_MESH_AUTH = BIT(10), /* use hole at 11 */ /* use hole at 12 */ WIPHY_FLAG_SUPPORTS_FW_ROAM = BIT(13), WIPHY_FLAG_AP_UAPSD = BIT(14), WIPHY_FLAG_SUPPORTS_TDLS = BIT(15), WIPHY_FLAG_TDLS_EXTERNAL_SETUP = BIT(16), WIPHY_FLAG_HAVE_AP_SME = BIT(17), WIPHY_FLAG_REPORTS_OBSS = BIT(18), WIPHY_FLAG_AP_PROBE_RESP_OFFLOAD = BIT(19), WIPHY_FLAG_OFFCHAN_TX = BIT(20), WIPHY_FLAG_HAS_REMAIN_ON_CHANNEL = BIT(21), WIPHY_FLAG_SUPPORTS_5_10_MHZ = BIT(22), WIPHY_FLAG_HAS_CHANNEL_SWITCH = BIT(23), WIPHY_FLAG_HAS_STATIC_WEP = BIT(24), }; /** * struct ieee80211_iface_limit - limit on certain interface types * @max: maximum number of interfaces of these types * @types: interface types (bits) */ struct ieee80211_iface_limit { u16 max; u16 types; }; /** * struct ieee80211_iface_combination - possible interface combination * * With this structure the driver can describe which interface * combinations it supports concurrently. * * Examples: * * 1. Allow #STA <= 1, #AP <= 1, matching BI, channels = 1, 2 total: * * .. code-block:: c * * struct ieee80211_iface_limit limits1[] = { * { .max = 1, .types = BIT(NL80211_IFTYPE_STATION), }, * { .max = 1, .types = BIT(NL80211_IFTYPE_AP}, }, * }; * struct ieee80211_iface_combination combination1 = { * .limits = limits1, * .n_limits = ARRAY_SIZE(limits1), * .max_interfaces = 2, * .beacon_int_infra_match = true, * }; * * * 2. Allow #{AP, P2P-GO} <= 8, channels = 1, 8 total: * * .. code-block:: c * * struct ieee80211_iface_limit limits2[] = { * { .max = 8, .types = BIT(NL80211_IFTYPE_AP) | * BIT(NL80211_IFTYPE_P2P_GO), }, * }; * struct ieee80211_iface_combination combination2 = { * .limits = limits2, * .n_limits = ARRAY_SIZE(limits2), * .max_interfaces = 8, * .num_different_channels = 1, * }; * * * 3. Allow #STA <= 1, #{P2P-client,P2P-GO} <= 3 on two channels, 4 total. * * This allows for an infrastructure connection and three P2P connections. * * .. code-block:: c * * struct ieee80211_iface_limit limits3[] = { * { .max = 1, .types = BIT(NL80211_IFTYPE_STATION), }, * { .max = 3, .types = BIT(NL80211_IFTYPE_P2P_GO) | * BIT(NL80211_IFTYPE_P2P_CLIENT), }, * }; * struct ieee80211_iface_combination combination3 = { * .limits = limits3, * .n_limits = ARRAY_SIZE(limits3), * .max_interfaces = 4, * .num_different_channels = 2, * }; * */ struct ieee80211_iface_combination { /** * @limits: * limits for the given interface types */ const struct ieee80211_iface_limit *limits; /** * @num_different_channels: * can use up to this many different channels */ u32 num_different_channels; /** * @max_interfaces: * maximum number of interfaces in total allowed in this group */ u16 max_interfaces; /** * @n_limits: * number of limitations */ u8 n_limits; /** * @beacon_int_infra_match: * In this combination, the beacon intervals between infrastructure * and AP types must match. This is required only in special cases. */ bool beacon_int_infra_match; /** * @radar_detect_widths: * bitmap of channel widths supported for radar detection */ u8 radar_detect_widths; /** * @radar_detect_regions: * bitmap of regions supported for radar detection */ u8 radar_detect_regions; /** * @beacon_int_min_gcd: * This interface combination supports different beacon intervals. * * = 0 * all beacon intervals for different interface must be same. * > 0 * any beacon interval for the interface part of this combination AND * GCD of all beacon intervals from beaconing interfaces of this * combination must be greater or equal to this value. */ u32 beacon_int_min_gcd; }; struct ieee80211_txrx_stypes { u16 tx, rx; }; /** * enum wiphy_wowlan_support_flags - WoWLAN support flags * @WIPHY_WOWLAN_ANY: supports wakeup for the special "any" * trigger that keeps the device operating as-is and * wakes up the host on any activity, for example a * received packet that passed filtering; note that the * packet should be preserved in that case * @WIPHY_WOWLAN_MAGIC_PKT: supports wakeup on magic packet * (see nl80211.h) * @WIPHY_WOWLAN_DISCONNECT: supports wakeup on disconnect * @WIPHY_WOWLAN_SUPPORTS_GTK_REKEY: supports GTK rekeying while asleep * @WIPHY_WOWLAN_GTK_REKEY_FAILURE: supports wakeup on GTK rekey failure * @WIPHY_WOWLAN_EAP_IDENTITY_REQ: supports wakeup on EAP identity request * @WIPHY_WOWLAN_4WAY_HANDSHAKE: supports wakeup on 4-way handshake failure * @WIPHY_WOWLAN_RFKILL_RELEASE: supports wakeup on RF-kill release * @WIPHY_WOWLAN_NET_DETECT: supports wakeup on network detection */ enum wiphy_wowlan_support_flags { WIPHY_WOWLAN_ANY = BIT(0), WIPHY_WOWLAN_MAGIC_PKT = BIT(1), WIPHY_WOWLAN_DISCONNECT = BIT(2), WIPHY_WOWLAN_SUPPORTS_GTK_REKEY = BIT(3), WIPHY_WOWLAN_GTK_REKEY_FAILURE = BIT(4), WIPHY_WOWLAN_EAP_IDENTITY_REQ = BIT(5), WIPHY_WOWLAN_4WAY_HANDSHAKE = BIT(6), WIPHY_WOWLAN_RFKILL_RELEASE = BIT(7), WIPHY_WOWLAN_NET_DETECT = BIT(8), }; struct wiphy_wowlan_tcp_support { const struct nl80211_wowlan_tcp_data_token_feature *tok; u32 data_payload_max; u32 data_interval_max; u32 wake_payload_max; bool seq; }; /** * struct wiphy_wowlan_support - WoWLAN support data * @flags: see &enum wiphy_wowlan_support_flags * @n_patterns: number of supported wakeup patterns * (see nl80211.h for the pattern definition) * @pattern_max_len: maximum length of each pattern * @pattern_min_len: minimum length of each pattern * @max_pkt_offset: maximum Rx packet offset * @max_nd_match_sets: maximum number of matchsets for net-detect, * similar, but not necessarily identical, to max_match_sets for * scheduled scans. * See &struct cfg80211_sched_scan_request.@match_sets for more * details. * @tcp: TCP wakeup support information */ struct wiphy_wowlan_support { u32 flags; int n_patterns; int pattern_max_len; int pattern_min_len; int max_pkt_offset; int max_nd_match_sets; const struct wiphy_wowlan_tcp_support *tcp; }; /** * struct wiphy_coalesce_support - coalesce support data * @n_rules: maximum number of coalesce rules * @max_delay: maximum supported coalescing delay in msecs * @n_patterns: number of supported patterns in a rule * (see nl80211.h for the pattern definition) * @pattern_max_len: maximum length of each pattern * @pattern_min_len: minimum length of each pattern * @max_pkt_offset: maximum Rx packet offset */ struct wiphy_coalesce_support { int n_rules; int max_delay; int n_patterns; int pattern_max_len; int pattern_min_len; int max_pkt_offset; }; /** * enum wiphy_vendor_command_flags - validation flags for vendor commands * @WIPHY_VENDOR_CMD_NEED_WDEV: vendor command requires wdev * @WIPHY_VENDOR_CMD_NEED_NETDEV: vendor command requires netdev * @WIPHY_VENDOR_CMD_NEED_RUNNING: interface/wdev must be up & running * (must be combined with %_WDEV or %_NETDEV) */ enum wiphy_vendor_command_flags { WIPHY_VENDOR_CMD_NEED_WDEV = BIT(0), WIPHY_VENDOR_CMD_NEED_NETDEV = BIT(1), WIPHY_VENDOR_CMD_NEED_RUNNING = BIT(2), }; /** * enum wiphy_opmode_flag - Station's ht/vht operation mode information flags * * @STA_OPMODE_MAX_BW_CHANGED: Max Bandwidth changed * @STA_OPMODE_SMPS_MODE_CHANGED: SMPS mode changed * @STA_OPMODE_N_SS_CHANGED: max N_SS (number of spatial streams) changed * */ enum wiphy_opmode_flag { STA_OPMODE_MAX_BW_CHANGED = BIT(0), STA_OPMODE_SMPS_MODE_CHANGED = BIT(1), STA_OPMODE_N_SS_CHANGED = BIT(2), }; /** * struct sta_opmode_info - Station's ht/vht operation mode information * @changed: contains value from &enum wiphy_opmode_flag * @smps_mode: New SMPS mode value from &enum nl80211_smps_mode of a station * @bw: new max bandwidth value from &enum nl80211_chan_width of a station * @rx_nss: new rx_nss value of a station */ struct sta_opmode_info { u32 changed; enum nl80211_smps_mode smps_mode; enum nl80211_chan_width bw; u8 rx_nss; }; #define VENDOR_CMD_RAW_DATA ((const struct nla_policy *)(long)(-ENODATA)) /** * struct wiphy_vendor_command - vendor command definition * @info: vendor command identifying information, as used in nl80211 * @flags: flags, see &enum wiphy_vendor_command_flags * @doit: callback for the operation, note that wdev is %NULL if the * flags didn't ask for a wdev and non-%NULL otherwise; the data * pointer may be %NULL if userspace provided no data at all * @dumpit: dump callback, for transferring bigger/multiple items. The * @storage points to cb->args[5], ie. is preserved over the multiple * dumpit calls. * @policy: policy pointer for attributes within %NL80211_ATTR_VENDOR_DATA. * Set this to %VENDOR_CMD_RAW_DATA if no policy can be given and the * attribute is just raw data (e.g. a firmware command). * @maxattr: highest attribute number in policy * It's recommended to not have the same sub command with both @doit and * @dumpit, so that userspace can assume certain ones are get and others * are used with dump requests. */ struct wiphy_vendor_command { struct nl80211_vendor_cmd_info info; u32 flags; int (*doit)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct wireless_dev *wdev, const void *data, int data_len); int (*dumpit)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct wireless_dev *wdev, struct sk_buff *skb, const void *data, int data_len, unsigned long *storage); const struct nla_policy *policy; unsigned int maxattr; }; /** * struct wiphy_iftype_ext_capab - extended capabilities per interface type * @iftype: interface type * @extended_capabilities: extended capabilities supported by the driver, * additional capabilities might be supported by userspace; these are the * 802.11 extended capabilities ("Extended Capabilities element") and are * in the same format as in the information element. See IEEE Std * 802.11-2012 8.4.2.29 for the defined fields. * @extended_capabilities_mask: mask of the valid values * @extended_capabilities_len: length of the extended capabilities */ struct wiphy_iftype_ext_capab { enum nl80211_iftype iftype; const u8 *extended_capabilities; const u8 *extended_capabilities_mask; u8 extended_capabilities_len; }; /** * struct cfg80211_pmsr_capabilities - cfg80211 peer measurement capabilities * @max_peers: maximum number of peers in a single measurement * @report_ap_tsf: can report assoc AP's TSF for radio resource measurement * @randomize_mac_addr: can randomize MAC address for measurement * @ftm.supported: FTM measurement is supported * @ftm.asap: ASAP-mode is supported * @ftm.non_asap: non-ASAP-mode is supported * @ftm.request_lci: can request LCI data * @ftm.request_civicloc: can request civic location data * @ftm.preambles: bitmap of preambles supported (&enum nl80211_preamble) * @ftm.bandwidths: bitmap of bandwidths supported (&enum nl80211_chan_width) * @ftm.max_bursts_exponent: maximum burst exponent supported * (set to -1 if not limited; note that setting this will necessarily * forbid using the value 15 to let the responder pick) * @ftm.max_ftms_per_burst: maximum FTMs per burst supported (set to 0 if * not limited) * @ftm.trigger_based: trigger based ranging measurement is supported * @ftm.non_trigger_based: non trigger based ranging measurement is supported */ struct cfg80211_pmsr_capabilities { unsigned int max_peers; u8 report_ap_tsf:1, randomize_mac_addr:1; struct { u32 preambles; u32 bandwidths; s8 max_bursts_exponent; u8 max_ftms_per_burst; u8 supported:1, asap:1, non_asap:1, request_lci:1, request_civicloc:1, trigger_based:1, non_trigger_based:1; } ftm; }; /** * struct wiphy_iftype_akm_suites - This structure encapsulates supported akm * suites for interface types defined in @iftypes_mask. Each type in the * @iftypes_mask must be unique across all instances of iftype_akm_suites. * * @iftypes_mask: bitmask of interfaces types * @akm_suites: points to an array of supported akm suites * @n_akm_suites: number of supported AKM suites */ struct wiphy_iftype_akm_suites { u16 iftypes_mask; const u32 *akm_suites; int n_akm_suites; }; /** * struct wiphy - wireless hardware description * @reg_notifier: the driver's regulatory notification callback, * note that if your driver uses wiphy_apply_custom_regulatory() * the reg_notifier's request can be passed as NULL * @regd: the driver's regulatory domain, if one was requested via * the regulatory_hint() API. This can be used by the driver * on the reg_notifier() if it chooses to ignore future * regulatory domain changes caused by other drivers. * @signal_type: signal type reported in &struct cfg80211_bss. * @cipher_suites: supported cipher suites * @n_cipher_suites: number of supported cipher suites * @akm_suites: supported AKM suites. These are the default AKMs supported if * the supported AKMs not advertized for a specific interface type in * iftype_akm_suites. * @n_akm_suites: number of supported AKM suites * @iftype_akm_suites: array of supported akm suites info per interface type. * Note that the bits in @iftypes_mask inside this structure cannot * overlap (i.e. only one occurrence of each type is allowed across all * instances of iftype_akm_suites). * @num_iftype_akm_suites: number of interface types for which supported akm * suites are specified separately. * @retry_short: Retry limit for short frames (dot11ShortRetryLimit) * @retry_long: Retry limit for long frames (dot11LongRetryLimit) * @frag_threshold: Fragmentation threshold (dot11FragmentationThreshold); * -1 = fragmentation disabled, only odd values >= 256 used * @rts_threshold: RTS threshold (dot11RTSThreshold); -1 = RTS/CTS disabled * @_net: the network namespace this wiphy currently lives in * @perm_addr: permanent MAC address of this device * @addr_mask: If the device supports multiple MAC addresses by masking, * set this to a mask with variable bits set to 1, e.g. if the last * four bits are variable then set it to 00-00-00-00-00-0f. The actual * variable bits shall be determined by the interfaces added, with * interfaces not matching the mask being rejected to be brought up. * @n_addresses: number of addresses in @addresses. * @addresses: If the device has more than one address, set this pointer * to a list of addresses (6 bytes each). The first one will be used * by default for perm_addr. In this case, the mask should be set to * all-zeroes. In this case it is assumed that the device can handle * the same number of arbitrary MAC addresses. * @registered: protects ->resume and ->suspend sysfs callbacks against * unregister hardware * @debugfsdir: debugfs directory used for this wiphy (ieee80211/<wiphyname>). * It will be renamed automatically on wiphy renames * @dev: (virtual) struct device for this wiphy. The item in * /sys/class/ieee80211/ points to this. You need use set_wiphy_dev() * (see below). * @wext: wireless extension handlers * @priv: driver private data (sized according to wiphy_new() parameter) * @interface_modes: bitmask of interfaces types valid for this wiphy, * must be set by driver * @iface_combinations: Valid interface combinations array, should not * list single interface types. * @n_iface_combinations: number of entries in @iface_combinations array. * @software_iftypes: bitmask of software interface types, these are not * subject to any restrictions since they are purely managed in SW. * @flags: wiphy flags, see &enum wiphy_flags * @regulatory_flags: wiphy regulatory flags, see * &enum ieee80211_regulatory_flags * @features: features advertised to nl80211, see &enum nl80211_feature_flags. * @ext_features: extended features advertised to nl80211, see * &enum nl80211_ext_feature_index. * @bss_priv_size: each BSS struct has private data allocated with it, * this variable determines its size * @max_scan_ssids: maximum number of SSIDs the device can scan for in * any given scan * @max_sched_scan_reqs: maximum number of scheduled scan requests that * the device can run concurrently. * @max_sched_scan_ssids: maximum number of SSIDs the device can scan * for in any given scheduled scan * @max_match_sets: maximum number of match sets the device can handle * when performing a scheduled scan, 0 if filtering is not * supported. * @max_scan_ie_len: maximum length of user-controlled IEs device can * add to probe request frames transmitted during a scan, must not * include fixed IEs like supported rates * @max_sched_scan_ie_len: same as max_scan_ie_len, but for scheduled * scans * @max_sched_scan_plans: maximum number of scan plans (scan interval and number * of iterations) for scheduled scan supported by the device. * @max_sched_scan_plan_interval: maximum interval (in seconds) for a * single scan plan supported by the device. * @max_sched_scan_plan_iterations: maximum number of iterations for a single * scan plan supported by the device. * @coverage_class: current coverage class * @fw_version: firmware version for ethtool reporting * @hw_version: hardware version for ethtool reporting * @max_num_pmkids: maximum number of PMKIDs supported by device * @privid: a pointer that drivers can use to identify if an arbitrary * wiphy is theirs, e.g. in global notifiers * @bands: information about bands/channels supported by this device * * @mgmt_stypes: bitmasks of frame subtypes that can be subscribed to or * transmitted through nl80211, points to an array indexed by interface * type * * @available_antennas_tx: bitmap of antennas which are available to be * configured as TX antennas. Antenna configuration commands will be * rejected unless this or @available_antennas_rx is set. * * @available_antennas_rx: bitmap of antennas which are available to be * configured as RX antennas. Antenna configuration commands will be * rejected unless this or @available_antennas_tx is set. * * @probe_resp_offload: * Bitmap of supported protocols for probe response offloading. * See &enum nl80211_probe_resp_offload_support_attr. Only valid * when the wiphy flag @WIPHY_FLAG_AP_PROBE_RESP_OFFLOAD is set. * * @max_remain_on_channel_duration: Maximum time a remain-on-channel operation * may request, if implemented. * * @wowlan: WoWLAN support information * @wowlan_config: current WoWLAN configuration; this should usually not be * used since access to it is necessarily racy, use the parameter passed * to the suspend() operation instead. * * @ap_sme_capa: AP SME capabilities, flags from &enum nl80211_ap_sme_features. * @ht_capa_mod_mask: Specify what ht_cap values can be over-ridden. * If null, then none can be over-ridden. * @vht_capa_mod_mask: Specify what VHT capabilities can be over-ridden. * If null, then none can be over-ridden. * * @wdev_list: the list of associated (virtual) interfaces; this list must * not be modified by the driver, but can be read with RTNL/RCU protection. * * @max_acl_mac_addrs: Maximum number of MAC addresses that the device * supports for ACL. * * @extended_capabilities: extended capabilities supported by the driver, * additional capabilities might be supported by userspace; these are * the 802.11 extended capabilities ("Extended Capabilities element") * and are in the same format as in the information element. See * 802.11-2012 8.4.2.29 for the defined fields. These are the default * extended capabilities to be used if the capabilities are not specified * for a specific interface type in iftype_ext_capab. * @extended_capabilities_mask: mask of the valid values * @extended_capabilities_len: length of the extended capabilities * @iftype_ext_capab: array of extended capabilities per interface type * @num_iftype_ext_capab: number of interface types for which extended * capabilities are specified separately. * @coalesce: packet coalescing support information * * @vendor_commands: array of vendor commands supported by the hardware * @n_vendor_commands: number of vendor commands * @vendor_events: array of vendor events supported by the hardware * @n_vendor_events: number of vendor events * * @max_ap_assoc_sta: maximum number of associated stations supported in AP mode * (including P2P GO) or 0 to indicate no such limit is advertised. The * driver is allowed to advertise a theoretical limit that it can reach in * some cases, but may not always reach. * * @max_num_csa_counters: Number of supported csa_counters in beacons * and probe responses. This value should be set if the driver * wishes to limit the number of csa counters. Default (0) means * infinite. * @bss_select_support: bitmask indicating the BSS selection criteria supported * by the driver in the .connect() callback. The bit position maps to the * attribute indices defined in &enum nl80211_bss_select_attr. * * @nan_supported_bands: bands supported by the device in NAN mode, a * bitmap of &enum nl80211_band values. For instance, for * NL80211_BAND_2GHZ, bit 0 would be set * (i.e. BIT(NL80211_BAND_2GHZ)). * * @txq_limit: configuration of internal TX queue frame limit * @txq_memory_limit: configuration internal TX queue memory limit * @txq_quantum: configuration of internal TX queue scheduler quantum * * @tx_queue_len: allow setting transmit queue len for drivers not using * wake_tx_queue * * @support_mbssid: can HW support association with nontransmitted AP * @support_only_he_mbssid: don't parse MBSSID elements if it is not * HE AP, in order to avoid compatibility issues. * @support_mbssid must be set for this to have any effect. * * @pmsr_capa: peer measurement capabilities * * @tid_config_support: describes the per-TID config support that the * device has * @tid_config_support.vif: bitmap of attributes (configurations) * supported by the driver for each vif * @tid_config_support.peer: bitmap of attributes (configurations) * supported by the driver for each peer * @tid_config_support.max_retry: maximum supported retry count for * long/short retry configuration * * @max_data_retry_count: maximum supported per TID retry count for * configuration through the %NL80211_TID_CONFIG_ATTR_RETRY_SHORT and * %NL80211_TID_CONFIG_ATTR_RETRY_LONG attributes */ struct wiphy { /* assign these fields before you register the wiphy */ u8 perm_addr[ETH_ALEN]; u8 addr_mask[ETH_ALEN]; struct mac_address *addresses; const struct ieee80211_txrx_stypes *mgmt_stypes; const struct ieee80211_iface_combination *iface_combinations; int n_iface_combinations; u16 software_iftypes; u16 n_addresses; /* Supported interface modes, OR together BIT(NL80211_IFTYPE_...) */ u16 interface_modes; u16 max_acl_mac_addrs; u32 flags, regulatory_flags, features; u8 ext_features[DIV_ROUND_UP(NUM_NL80211_EXT_FEATURES, 8)]; u32 ap_sme_capa; enum cfg80211_signal_type signal_type; int bss_priv_size; u8 max_scan_ssids; u8 max_sched_scan_reqs; u8 max_sched_scan_ssids; u8 max_match_sets; u16 max_scan_ie_len; u16 max_sched_scan_ie_len; u32 max_sched_scan_plans; u32 max_sched_scan_plan_interval; u32 max_sched_scan_plan_iterations; int n_cipher_suites; const u32 *cipher_suites; int n_akm_suites; const u32 *akm_suites; const struct wiphy_iftype_akm_suites *iftype_akm_suites; unsigned int num_iftype_akm_suites; u8 retry_short; u8 retry_long; u32 frag_threshold; u32 rts_threshold; u8 coverage_class; char fw_version[ETHTOOL_FWVERS_LEN]; u32 hw_version; #ifdef CONFIG_PM const struct wiphy_wowlan_support *wowlan; struct cfg80211_wowlan *wowlan_config; #endif u16 max_remain_on_channel_duration; u8 max_num_pmkids; u32 available_antennas_tx; u32 available_antennas_rx; u32 probe_resp_offload; const u8 *extended_capabilities, *extended_capabilities_mask; u8 extended_capabilities_len; const struct wiphy_iftype_ext_capab *iftype_ext_capab; unsigned int num_iftype_ext_capab; const void *privid; struct ieee80211_supported_band *bands[NUM_NL80211_BANDS]; void (*reg_notifier)(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct regulatory_request *request); /* fields below are read-only, assigned by cfg80211 */ const struct ieee80211_regdomain __rcu *regd; struct device dev; bool registered; struct dentry *debugfsdir; const struct ieee80211_ht_cap *ht_capa_mod_mask; const struct ieee80211_vht_cap *vht_capa_mod_mask; struct list_head wdev_list; possible_net_t _net; #ifdef CONFIG_CFG80211_WEXT const struct iw_handler_def *wext; #endif const struct wiphy_coalesce_support *coalesce; const struct wiphy_vendor_command *vendor_commands; const struct nl80211_vendor_cmd_info *vendor_events; int n_vendor_commands, n_vendor_events; u16 max_ap_assoc_sta; u8 max_num_csa_counters; u32 bss_select_support; u8 nan_supported_bands; u32 txq_limit; u32 txq_memory_limit; u32 txq_quantum; unsigned long tx_queue_len; u8 support_mbssid:1, support_only_he_mbssid:1; const struct cfg80211_pmsr_capabilities *pmsr_capa; struct { u64 peer, vif; u8 max_retry; } tid_config_support; u8 max_data_retry_count; char priv[] __aligned(NETDEV_ALIGN); }; static inline struct net *wiphy_net(struct wiphy *wiphy) { return read_pnet(&wiphy->_net); } static inline void wiphy_net_set(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct net *net) { write_pnet(&wiphy->_net, net); } /** * wiphy_priv - return priv from wiphy * * @wiphy: the wiphy whose priv pointer to return * Return: The priv of @wiphy. */ static inline void *wiphy_priv(struct wiphy *wiphy) { BUG_ON(!wiphy); return &wiphy->priv; } /** * priv_to_wiphy - return the wiphy containing the priv * * @priv: a pointer previously returned by wiphy_priv * Return: The wiphy of @priv. */ static inline struct wiphy *priv_to_wiphy(void *priv) { BUG_ON(!priv); return container_of(priv, struct wiphy, priv); } /** * set_wiphy_dev - set device pointer for wiphy * * @wiphy: The wiphy whose device to bind * @dev: The device to parent it to */ static inline void set_wiphy_dev(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct device *dev) { wiphy->dev.parent = dev; } /** * wiphy_dev - get wiphy dev pointer * * @wiphy: The wiphy whose device struct to look up * Return: The dev of @wiphy. */ static inline struct device *wiphy_dev(struct wiphy *wiphy) { return wiphy->dev.parent; } /** * wiphy_name - get wiphy name * * @wiphy: The wiphy whose name to return * Return: The name of @wiphy. */ static inline const char *wiphy_name(const struct wiphy *wiphy) { return dev_name(&wiphy->dev); } /** * wiphy_new_nm - create a new wiphy for use with cfg80211 * * @ops: The configuration operations for this device * @sizeof_priv: The size of the private area to allocate * @requested_name: Request a particular name. * NULL is valid value, and means use the default phy%d naming. * * Create a new wiphy and associate the given operations with it. * @sizeof_priv bytes are allocated for private use. * * Return: A pointer to the new wiphy. This pointer must be * assigned to each netdev's ieee80211_ptr for proper operation. */ struct wiphy *wiphy_new_nm(const struct cfg80211_ops *ops, int sizeof_priv, const char *requested_name); /** * wiphy_new - create a new wiphy for use with cfg80211 * * @ops: The configuration operations for this device * @sizeof_priv: The size of the private area to allocate * * Create a new wiphy and associate the given operations with it. * @sizeof_priv bytes are allocated for private use. * * Return: A pointer to the new wiphy. This pointer must be * assigned to each netdev's ieee80211_ptr for proper operation. */ static inline struct wiphy *wiphy_new(const struct cfg80211_ops *ops, int sizeof_priv) { return wiphy_new_nm(ops, sizeof_priv, NULL); } /** * wiphy_register - register a wiphy with cfg80211 * * @wiphy: The wiphy to register. * * Return: A non-negative wiphy index or a negative error code. */ int wiphy_register(struct wiphy *wiphy); /** * wiphy_unregister - deregister a wiphy from cfg80211 * * @wiphy: The wiphy to unregister. * * After this call, no more requests can be made with this priv * pointer, but the call may sleep to wait for an outstanding * request that is being handled. */ void wiphy_unregister(struct wiphy *wiphy); /** * wiphy_free - free wiphy * * @wiphy: The wiphy to free */ void wiphy_free(struct wiphy *wiphy); /* internal structs */ struct cfg80211_conn; struct cfg80211_internal_bss; struct cfg80211_cached_keys; struct cfg80211_cqm_config; /** * struct wireless_dev - wireless device state * * For netdevs, this structure must be allocated by the driver * that uses the ieee80211_ptr field in struct net_device (this * is intentional so it can be allocated along with the netdev.) * It need not be registered then as netdev registration will * be intercepted by cfg80211 to see the new wireless device. * * For non-netdev uses, it must also be allocated by the driver * in response to the cfg80211 callbacks that require it, as * there's no netdev registration in that case it may not be * allocated outside of callback operations that return it. * * @wiphy: pointer to hardware description * @iftype: interface type * @list: (private) Used to collect the interfaces * @netdev: (private) Used to reference back to the netdev, may be %NULL * @identifier: (private) Identifier used in nl80211 to identify this * wireless device if it has no netdev * @current_bss: (private) Used by the internal configuration code * @chandef: (private) Used by the internal configuration code to track * the user-set channel definition. * @preset_chandef: (private) Used by the internal configuration code to * track the channel to be used for AP later * @bssid: (private) Used by the internal configuration code * @ssid: (private) Used by the internal configuration code * @ssid_len: (private) Used by the internal configuration code * @mesh_id_len: (private) Used by the internal configuration code * @mesh_id_up_len: (private) Used by the internal configuration code * @wext: (private) Used by the internal wireless extensions compat code * @wext.ibss: (private) IBSS data part of wext handling * @wext.connect: (private) connection handling data * @wext.keys: (private) (WEP) key data * @wext.ie: (private) extra elements for association * @wext.ie_len: (private) length of extra elements * @wext.bssid: (private) selected network BSSID * @wext.ssid: (private) selected network SSID * @wext.default_key: (private) selected default key index * @wext.default_mgmt_key: (private) selected default management key index * @wext.prev_bssid: (private) previous BSSID for reassociation * @wext.prev_bssid_valid: (private) previous BSSID validity * @use_4addr: indicates 4addr mode is used on this interface, must be * set by driver (if supported) on add_interface BEFORE registering the * netdev and may otherwise be used by driver read-only, will be update * by cfg80211 on change_interface * @mgmt_registrations: list of registrations for management frames * @mgmt_registrations_need_update: mgmt registrations were updated, * need to propagate the update to the driver * @mtx: mutex used to lock data in this struct, may be used by drivers * and some API functions require it held * @beacon_interval: beacon interval used on this device for transmitting * beacons, 0 when not valid * @address: The address for this device, valid only if @netdev is %NULL * @is_running: true if this is a non-netdev device that has been started, e.g. * the P2P Device. * @cac_started: true if DFS channel availability check has been started * @cac_start_time: timestamp (jiffies) when the dfs state was entered. * @cac_time_ms: CAC time in ms * @ps: powersave mode is enabled * @ps_timeout: dynamic powersave timeout * @ap_unexpected_nlportid: (private) netlink port ID of application * registered for unexpected class 3 frames (AP mode) * @conn: (private) cfg80211 software SME connection state machine data * @connect_keys: (private) keys to set after connection is established * @conn_bss_type: connecting/connected BSS type * @conn_owner_nlportid: (private) connection owner socket port ID * @disconnect_wk: (private) auto-disconnect work * @disconnect_bssid: (private) the BSSID to use for auto-disconnect * @ibss_fixed: (private) IBSS is using fixed BSSID * @ibss_dfs_possible: (private) IBSS may change to a DFS channel * @event_list: (private) list for internal event processing * @event_lock: (private) lock for event list * @owner_nlportid: (private) owner socket port ID * @nl_owner_dead: (private) owner socket went away * @cqm_config: (private) nl80211 RSSI monitor state * @pmsr_list: (private) peer measurement requests * @pmsr_lock: (private) peer measurements requests/results lock * @pmsr_free_wk: (private) peer measurements cleanup work * @unprot_beacon_reported: (private) timestamp of last * unprotected beacon report */ struct wireless_dev { struct wiphy *wiphy; enum nl80211_iftype iftype; /* the remainder of this struct should be private to cfg80211 */ struct list_head list; struct net_device *netdev; u32 identifier; struct list_head mgmt_registrations; u8 mgmt_registrations_need_update:1; struct mutex mtx; bool use_4addr, is_running; u8 address[ETH_ALEN] __aligned(sizeof(u16)); /* currently used for IBSS and SME - might be rearranged later */ u8 ssid[IEEE80211_MAX_SSID_LEN]; u8 ssid_len, mesh_id_len, mesh_id_up_len; struct cfg80211_conn *conn; struct cfg80211_cached_keys *connect_keys; enum ieee80211_bss_type conn_bss_type; u32 conn_owner_nlportid; struct work_struct disconnect_wk; u8 disconnect_bssid[ETH_ALEN]; struct list_head event_list; spinlock_t event_lock; struct cfg80211_internal_bss *current_bss; /* associated / joined */ struct cfg80211_chan_def preset_chandef; struct cfg80211_chan_def chandef; bool ibss_fixed; bool ibss_dfs_possible; bool ps; int ps_timeout; int beacon_interval; u32 ap_unexpected_nlportid; u32 owner_nlportid; bool nl_owner_dead; bool cac_started; unsigned long cac_start_time; unsigned int cac_time_ms; #ifdef CONFIG_CFG80211_WEXT /* wext data */ struct { struct cfg80211_ibss_params ibss; struct cfg80211_connect_params connect; struct cfg80211_cached_keys *keys; const u8 *ie; size_t ie_len; u8 bssid[ETH_ALEN]; u8 prev_bssid[ETH_ALEN]; u8 ssid[IEEE80211_MAX_SSID_LEN]; s8 default_key, default_mgmt_key; bool prev_bssid_valid; } wext; #endif struct cfg80211_cqm_config *cqm_config; struct list_head pmsr_list; spinlock_t p