1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_PART_STAT_H #define _LINUX_PART_STAT_H #include <linux/genhd.h> struct disk_stats { u64 nsecs[NR_STAT_GROUPS]; unsigned long sectors[NR_STAT_GROUPS]; unsigned long ios[NR_STAT_GROUPS]; unsigned long merges[NR_STAT_GROUPS]; unsigned long io_ticks; local_t in_flight[2]; }; /* * Macros to operate on percpu disk statistics: * * {disk|part|all}_stat_{add|sub|inc|dec}() modify the stat counters and should * be called between disk_stat_lock() and disk_stat_unlock(). * * part_stat_read() can be called at any time. */ #define part_stat_lock() preempt_disable() #define part_stat_unlock() preempt_enable() #define part_stat_get_cpu(part, field, cpu) \ (per_cpu_ptr((part)->dkstats, (cpu))->field) #define part_stat_get(part, field) \ part_stat_get_cpu(part, field, smp_processor_id()) #define part_stat_read(part, field) \ ({ \ typeof((part)->dkstats->field) res = 0; \ unsigned int _cpu; \ for_each_possible_cpu(_cpu) \ res += per_cpu_ptr((part)->dkstats, _cpu)->field; \ res; \ }) static inline void part_stat_set_all(struct hd_struct *part, int value) { int i; for_each_possible_cpu(i) memset(per_cpu_ptr(part->dkstats, i), value, sizeof(struct disk_stats)); } #define part_stat_read_accum(part, field) \ (part_stat_read(part, field[STAT_READ]) + \ part_stat_read(part, field[STAT_WRITE]) + \ part_stat_read(part, field[STAT_DISCARD])) #define __part_stat_add(part, field, addnd) \ __this_cpu_add((part)->dkstats->field, addnd) #define part_stat_add(part, field, addnd) do { \ __part_stat_add((part), field, addnd); \ if ((part)->partno) \ __part_stat_add(&part_to_disk((part))->part0, \ field, addnd); \ } while (0) #define part_stat_dec(gendiskp, field) \ part_stat_add(gendiskp, field, -1) #define part_stat_inc(gendiskp, field) \ part_stat_add(gendiskp, field, 1) #define part_stat_sub(gendiskp, field, subnd) \ part_stat_add(gendiskp, field, -subnd) #define part_stat_local_dec(gendiskp, field) \ local_dec(&(part_stat_get(gendiskp, field))) #define part_stat_local_inc(gendiskp, field) \ local_inc(&(part_stat_get(gendiskp, field))) #define part_stat_local_read(gendiskp, field) \ local_read(&(part_stat_get(gendiskp, field))) #define part_stat_local_read_cpu(gendiskp, field, cpu) \ local_read(&(part_stat_get_cpu(gendiskp, field, cpu))) #endif /* _LINUX_PART_STAT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM vsyscall #if !defined(__VSYSCALL_TRACE_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define __VSYSCALL_TRACE_H #include <linux/tracepoint.h> TRACE_EVENT(emulate_vsyscall, TP_PROTO(int nr), TP_ARGS(nr), TP_STRUCT__entry(__field(int, nr)), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nr = nr; ), TP_printk("nr = %d", __entry->nr) ); #endif #undef TRACE_INCLUDE_PATH #define TRACE_INCLUDE_PATH ../../arch/x86/entry/vsyscall/ #define TRACE_INCLUDE_FILE vsyscall_trace #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 /* gf128mul.h - GF(2^128) multiplication functions * * Copyright (c) 2003, Dr Brian Gladman, Worcester, UK. * Copyright (c) 2006 Rik Snel <rsnel@cube.dyndns.org> * * Based on Dr Brian Gladman's (GPL'd) work published at * http://fp.gladman.plus.com/cryptography_technology/index.htm * See the original copyright notice below. * * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it * under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free * Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) * any later version. */ /* --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Copyright (c) 2003, Dr Brian Gladman, Worcester, UK. All rights reserved. LICENSE TERMS The free distribution and use of this software in both source and binary form is allowed (with or without changes) provided that: 1. distributions of this source code include the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer; 2. distributions in binary form include the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other associated materials; 3. the copyright holder's name is not used to endorse products built using this software without specific written permission. ALTERNATIVELY, provided that this notice is retained in full, this product may be distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License (GPL), in which case the provisions of the GPL apply INSTEAD OF those given above. DISCLAIMER This software is provided 'as is' with no explicit or implied warranties in respect of its properties, including, but not limited to, correctness and/or fitness for purpose. --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Issue Date: 31/01/2006 An implementation of field multiplication in Galois Field GF(2^128) */ #ifndef _CRYPTO_GF128MUL_H #define _CRYPTO_GF128MUL_H #include <asm/byteorder.h> #include <crypto/b128ops.h> #include <linux/slab.h> /* Comment by Rik: * * For some background on GF(2^128) see for example: * http://csrc.nist.gov/groups/ST/toolkit/BCM/documents/proposedmodes/gcm/gcm-revised-spec.pdf * * The elements of GF(2^128) := GF(2)[X]/(X^128-X^7-X^2-X^1-1) can * be mapped to computer memory in a variety of ways. Let's examine * three common cases. * * Take a look at the 16 binary octets below in memory order. The msb's * are left and the lsb's are right. char b[16] is an array and b[0] is * the first octet. * * 10000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 .... 00000000 00000000 00000000 * b[0] b[1] b[2] b[3] b[13] b[14] b[15] * * Every bit is a coefficient of some power of X. We can store the bits * in every byte in little-endian order and the bytes themselves also in * little endian order. I will call this lle (little-little-endian). * The above buffer represents the polynomial 1, and X^7+X^2+X^1+1 looks * like 11100001 00000000 .... 00000000 = { 0xE1, 0x00, }. * This format was originally implemented in gf128mul and is used * in GCM (Galois/Counter mode) and in ABL (Arbitrary Block Length). * * Another convention says: store the bits in bigendian order and the * bytes also. This is bbe (big-big-endian). Now the buffer above * represents X^127. X^7+X^2+X^1+1 looks like 00000000 .... 10000111, * b[15] = 0x87 and the rest is 0. LRW uses this convention and bbe * is partly implemented. * * Both of the above formats are easy to implement on big-endian * machines. * * XTS and EME (the latter of which is patent encumbered) use the ble * format (bits are stored in big endian order and the bytes in little * endian). The above buffer represents X^7 in this case and the * primitive polynomial is b[0] = 0x87. * * The common machine word-size is smaller than 128 bits, so to make * an efficient implementation we must split into machine word sizes. * This implementation uses 64-bit words for the moment. Machine * endianness comes into play. The lle format in relation to machine * endianness is discussed below by the original author of gf128mul Dr * Brian Gladman. * * Let's look at the bbe and ble format on a little endian machine. * * bbe on a little endian machine u32 x[4]: * * MS x[0] LS MS x[1] LS * ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls * 103..96 111.104 119.112 127.120 71...64 79...72 87...80 95...88 * * MS x[2] LS MS x[3] LS * ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls * 39...32 47...40 55...48 63...56 07...00 15...08 23...16 31...24 * * ble on a little endian machine * * MS x[0] LS MS x[1] LS * ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls * 31...24 23...16 15...08 07...00 63...56 55...48 47...40 39...32 * * MS x[2] LS MS x[3] LS * ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls * 95...88 87...80 79...72 71...64 127.120 199.112 111.104 103..96 * * Multiplications in GF(2^128) are mostly bit-shifts, so you see why * ble (and lbe also) are easier to implement on a little-endian * machine than on a big-endian machine. The converse holds for bbe * and lle. * * Note: to have good alignment, it seems to me that it is sufficient * to keep elements of GF(2^128) in type u64[2]. On 32-bit wordsize * machines this will automatically aligned to wordsize and on a 64-bit * machine also. */ /* Multiply a GF(2^128) field element by x. Field elements are held in arrays of bytes in which field bits 8n..8n + 7 are held in byte[n], with lower indexed bits placed in the more numerically significant bit positions within bytes. On little endian machines the bit indexes translate into the bit positions within four 32-bit words in the following way MS x[0] LS MS x[1] LS ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls 24...31 16...23 08...15 00...07 56...63 48...55 40...47 32...39 MS x[2] LS MS x[3] LS ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls 88...95 80...87 72...79 64...71 120.127 112.119 104.111 96..103 On big endian machines the bit indexes translate into the bit positions within four 32-bit words in the following way MS x[0] LS MS x[1] LS ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls 00...07 08...15 16...23 24...31 32...39 40...47 48...55 56...63 MS x[2] LS MS x[3] LS ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls 64...71 72...79 80...87 88...95 96..103 104.111 112.119 120.127 */ /* A slow generic version of gf_mul, implemented for lle and bbe * It multiplies a and b and puts the result in a */ void gf128mul_lle(be128 *a, const be128 *b); void gf128mul_bbe(be128 *a, const be128 *b); /* * The following functions multiply a field element by x in * the polynomial field representation. They use 64-bit word operations * to gain speed but compensate for machine endianness and hence work * correctly on both styles of machine. * * They are defined here for performance. */ static inline u64 gf128mul_mask_from_bit(u64 x, int which) { /* a constant-time version of 'x & ((u64)1 << which) ? (u64)-1 : 0' */ return ((s64)(x << (63 - which)) >> 63); } static inline void gf128mul_x_lle(be128 *r, const be128 *x) { u64 a = be64_to_cpu(x->a); u64 b = be64_to_cpu(x->b); /* equivalent to gf128mul_table_le[(b << 7) & 0xff] << 48 * (see crypto/gf128mul.c): */ u64 _tt = gf128mul_mask_from_bit(b, 0) & ((u64)0xe1 << 56); r->b = cpu_to_be64((b >> 1) | (a << 63)); r->a = cpu_to_be64((a >> 1) ^ _tt); } static inline void gf128mul_x_bbe(be128 *r, const be128 *x) { u64 a = be64_to_cpu(x->a); u64 b = be64_to_cpu(x->b); /* equivalent to gf128mul_table_be[a >> 63] (see crypto/gf128mul.c): */ u64 _tt = gf128mul_mask_from_bit(a, 63) & 0x87; r->a = cpu_to_be64((a << 1) | (b >> 63)); r->b = cpu_to_be64((b << 1) ^ _tt); } /* needed by XTS */ static inline void gf128mul_x_ble(le128 *r, const le128 *x) { u64 a = le64_to_cpu(x->a); u64 b = le64_to_cpu(x->b); /* equivalent to gf128mul_table_be[b >> 63] (see crypto/gf128mul.c): */ u64 _tt = gf128mul_mask_from_bit(a, 63) & 0x87; r->a = cpu_to_le64((a << 1) | (b >> 63)); r->b = cpu_to_le64((b << 1) ^ _tt); } /* 4k table optimization */ struct gf128mul_4k { be128 t[256]; }; struct gf128mul_4k *gf128mul_init_4k_lle(const be128 *g); struct gf128mul_4k *gf128mul_init_4k_bbe(const be128 *g); void gf128mul_4k_lle(be128 *a, const struct gf128mul_4k *t); void gf128mul_4k_bbe(be128 *a, const struct gf128mul_4k *t); void gf128mul_x8_ble(le128 *r, const le128 *x); static inline void gf128mul_free_4k(struct gf128mul_4k *t) { kfree_sensitive(t); } /* 64k table optimization, implemented for bbe */ struct gf128mul_64k { struct gf128mul_4k *t[16]; }; /* First initialize with the constant factor with which you * want to multiply and then call gf128mul_64k_bbe with the other * factor in the first argument, and the table in the second. * Afterwards, the result is stored in *a. */ struct gf128mul_64k *gf128mul_init_64k_bbe(const be128 *g); void gf128mul_free_64k(struct gf128mul_64k *t); void gf128mul_64k_bbe(be128 *a, const struct gf128mul_64k *t); #endif /* _CRYPTO_GF128MUL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_MROUTE_H #define __LINUX_MROUTE_H #include <linux/in.h> #include <linux/pim.h> #include <net/fib_rules.h> #include <net/fib_notifier.h> #include <uapi/linux/mroute.h> #include <linux/mroute_base.h> #include <linux/sockptr.h> #ifdef CONFIG_IP_MROUTE static inline int ip_mroute_opt(int opt) { return opt >= MRT_BASE && opt <= MRT_MAX; } int ip_mroute_setsockopt(struct sock *, int, sockptr_t, unsigned int); int ip_mroute_getsockopt(struct sock *, int, char __user *, int __user *); int ipmr_ioctl(struct sock *sk, int cmd, void __user *arg); int ipmr_compat_ioctl(struct sock *sk, unsigned int cmd, void __user *arg); int ip_mr_init(void); bool ipmr_rule_default(const struct fib_rule *rule); #else static inline int ip_mroute_setsockopt(struct sock *sock, int optname, sockptr_t optval, unsigned int optlen) { return -ENOPROTOOPT; } static inline int ip_mroute_getsockopt(struct sock *sock, int optname, char __user *optval, int __user *optlen) { return -ENOPROTOOPT; } static inline int ipmr_ioctl(struct sock *sk, int cmd, void __user *arg) { return -ENOIOCTLCMD; } static inline int ip_mr_init(void) { return 0; } static inline int ip_mroute_opt(int opt) { return 0; } static inline bool ipmr_rule_default(const struct fib_rule *rule) { return true; } #endif #define VIFF_STATIC 0x8000 struct mfc_cache_cmp_arg { __be32 mfc_mcastgrp; __be32 mfc_origin; }; /** * struct mfc_cache - multicast routing entries * @_c: Common multicast routing information; has to be first [for casting] * @mfc_mcastgrp: destination multicast group address * @mfc_origin: source address * @cmparg: used for rhashtable comparisons */ struct mfc_cache { struct mr_mfc _c; union { struct { __be32 mfc_mcastgrp; __be32 mfc_origin; }; struct mfc_cache_cmp_arg cmparg; }; }; struct rtmsg; int ipmr_get_route(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 saddr, __be32 daddr, struct rtmsg *rtm, u32 portid); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/genhd.h> #include "../blk.h" /* * add_gd_partition adds a partitions details to the devices partition * description. */ struct parsed_partitions { struct block_device *bdev; char name[BDEVNAME_SIZE]; struct { sector_t from; sector_t size; int flags; bool has_info; struct partition_meta_info info; } *parts; int next; int limit; bool access_beyond_eod; char *pp_buf; }; typedef struct { struct page *v; } Sector; void *read_part_sector(struct parsed_partitions *state, sector_t n, Sector *p); static inline void put_dev_sector(Sector p) { put_page(p.v); } static inline void put_partition(struct parsed_partitions *p, int n, sector_t from, sector_t size) { if (n < p->limit) { char tmp[1 + BDEVNAME_SIZE + 10 + 1]; p->parts[n].from = from; p->parts[n].size = size; snprintf(tmp, sizeof(tmp), " %s%d", p->name, n); strlcat(p->pp_buf, tmp, PAGE_SIZE); } } /* detection routines go here in alphabetical order: */ int adfspart_check_ADFS(struct parsed_partitions *state); int adfspart_check_CUMANA(struct parsed_partitions *state); int adfspart_check_EESOX(struct parsed_partitions *state); int adfspart_check_ICS(struct parsed_partitions *state); int adfspart_check_POWERTEC(struct parsed_partitions *state); int aix_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state); int amiga_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state); int atari_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state); int cmdline_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state); int efi_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state); int ibm_partition(struct parsed_partitions *); int karma_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state); int ldm_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state); int mac_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state); int msdos_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state); int osf_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state); int sgi_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state); int sun_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state); int sysv68_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state); int ultrix_partition(struct parsed_partitions *state);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_TASK_WORK_H #define _LINUX_TASK_WORK_H #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/sched.h> typedef void (*task_work_func_t)(struct callback_head *); static inline void init_task_work(struct callback_head *twork, task_work_func_t func) { twork->func = func; } enum task_work_notify_mode { TWA_NONE, TWA_RESUME, TWA_SIGNAL, }; int task_work_add(struct task_struct *task, struct callback_head *twork, enum task_work_notify_mode mode); struct callback_head *task_work_cancel(struct task_struct *, task_work_func_t); void task_work_run(void); static inline void exit_task_work(struct task_struct *task) { task_work_run(); } #endif /* _LINUX_TASK_WORK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * linux/fs/ext4/truncate.h * * Common inline functions needed for truncate support */ /* * Truncate blocks that were not used by write. We have to truncate the * pagecache as well so that corresponding buffers get properly unmapped. */ static inline void ext4_truncate_failed_write(struct inode *inode) { /* * We don't need to call ext4_break_layouts() because the blocks we * are truncating were never visible to userspace. */ down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); truncate_inode_pages(inode->i_mapping, inode->i_size); ext4_truncate(inode); up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); } /* * Work out how many blocks we need to proceed with the next chunk of a * truncate transaction. */ static inline unsigned long ext4_blocks_for_truncate(struct inode *inode) { ext4_lblk_t needed; needed = inode->i_blocks >> (inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits - 9); /* Give ourselves just enough room to cope with inodes in which * i_blocks is corrupt: we've seen disk corruptions in the past * which resulted in random data in an inode which looked enough * like a regular file for ext4 to try to delete it. Things * will go a bit crazy if that happens, but at least we should * try not to panic the whole kernel. */ if (needed < 2) needed = 2; /* But we need to bound the transaction so we don't overflow the * journal. */ if (needed > EXT4_MAX_TRANS_DATA) needed = EXT4_MAX_TRANS_DATA; return EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(inode->i_sb) + needed; }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * fs/kernfs/kernfs-internal.h - kernfs internal header file * * Copyright (c) 2001-3 Patrick Mochel * Copyright (c) 2007 SUSE Linux Products GmbH * Copyright (c) 2007, 2013 Tejun Heo <teheo@suse.de> */ #ifndef __KERNFS_INTERNAL_H #define __KERNFS_INTERNAL_H #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/xattr.h> #include <linux/kernfs.h> #include <linux/fs_context.h> struct kernfs_iattrs { kuid_t ia_uid; kgid_t ia_gid; struct timespec64 ia_atime; struct timespec64 ia_mtime; struct timespec64 ia_ctime; struct simple_xattrs xattrs; atomic_t nr_user_xattrs; atomic_t user_xattr_size; }; /* +1 to avoid triggering overflow warning when negating it */ #define KN_DEACTIVATED_BIAS (INT_MIN + 1) /* KERNFS_TYPE_MASK and types are defined in include/linux/kernfs.h */ /** * kernfs_root - find out the kernfs_root a kernfs_node belongs to * @kn: kernfs_node of interest * * Return the kernfs_root @kn belongs to. */ static inline struct kernfs_root *kernfs_root(struct kernfs_node *kn) { /* if parent exists, it's always a dir; otherwise, @sd is a dir */ if (kn->parent) kn = kn->parent; return kn->dir.root; } /* * mount.c */ struct kernfs_super_info { struct super_block *sb; /* * The root associated with this super_block. Each super_block is * identified by the root and ns it's associated with. */ struct kernfs_root *root; /* * Each sb is associated with one namespace tag, currently the * network namespace of the task which mounted this kernfs * instance. If multiple tags become necessary, make the following * an array and compare kernfs_node tag against every entry. */ const void *ns; /* anchored at kernfs_root->supers, protected by kernfs_mutex */ struct list_head node; }; #define kernfs_info(SB) ((struct kernfs_super_info *)(SB->s_fs_info)) static inline struct kernfs_node *kernfs_dentry_node(struct dentry *dentry) { if (d_really_is_negative(dentry)) return NULL; return d_inode(dentry)->i_private; } extern const struct super_operations kernfs_sops; extern struct kmem_cache *kernfs_node_cache, *kernfs_iattrs_cache; /* * inode.c */ extern const struct xattr_handler *kernfs_xattr_handlers[]; void kernfs_evict_inode(struct inode *inode); int kernfs_iop_permission(struct inode *inode, int mask); int kernfs_iop_setattr(struct dentry *dentry, struct iattr *iattr); int kernfs_iop_getattr(const struct path *path, struct kstat *stat, u32 request_mask, unsigned int query_flags); ssize_t kernfs_iop_listxattr(struct dentry *dentry, char *buf, size_t size); int __kernfs_setattr(struct kernfs_node *kn, const struct iattr *iattr); /* * dir.c */ extern struct mutex kernfs_mutex; extern const struct dentry_operations kernfs_dops; extern const struct file_operations kernfs_dir_fops; extern const struct inode_operations kernfs_dir_iops; struct kernfs_node *kernfs_get_active(struct kernfs_node *kn); void kernfs_put_active(struct kernfs_node *kn); int kernfs_add_one(struct kernfs_node *kn); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_new_node(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, unsigned flags); /* * file.c */ extern const struct file_operations kernfs_file_fops; void kernfs_drain_open_files(struct kernfs_node *kn); /* * symlink.c */ extern const struct inode_operations kernfs_symlink_iops; #endif /* __KERNFS_INTERNAL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __NET_IP_TUNNELS_H #define __NET_IP_TUNNELS_H 1 #include <linux/if_tunnel.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/socket.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/u64_stats_sync.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <net/dsfield.h> #include <net/gro_cells.h> #include <net/inet_ecn.h> #include <net/netns/generic.h> #include <net/rtnetlink.h> #include <net/lwtunnel.h> #include <net/dst_cache.h> #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) #include <net/ipv6.h> #include <net/ip6_fib.h> #include <net/ip6_route.h> #endif /* Keep error state on tunnel for 30 sec */ #define IPTUNNEL_ERR_TIMEO (30*HZ) /* Used to memset ip_tunnel padding. */ #define IP_TUNNEL_KEY_SIZE offsetofend(struct ip_tunnel_key, tp_dst) /* Used to memset ipv4 address padding. */ #define IP_TUNNEL_KEY_IPV4_PAD offsetofend(struct ip_tunnel_key, u.ipv4.dst) #define IP_TUNNEL_KEY_IPV4_PAD_LEN \ (sizeof_field(struct ip_tunnel_key, u) - \ sizeof_field(struct ip_tunnel_key, u.ipv4)) struct ip_tunnel_key { __be64 tun_id; union { struct { __be32 src; __be32 dst; } ipv4; struct { struct in6_addr src; struct in6_addr dst; } ipv6; } u; __be16 tun_flags; u8 tos; /* TOS for IPv4, TC for IPv6 */ u8 ttl; /* TTL for IPv4, HL for IPv6 */ __be32 label; /* Flow Label for IPv6 */ __be16 tp_src; __be16 tp_dst; }; /* Flags for ip_tunnel_info mode. */ #define IP_TUNNEL_INFO_TX 0x01 /* represents tx tunnel parameters */ #define IP_TUNNEL_INFO_IPV6 0x02 /* key contains IPv6 addresses */ #define IP_TUNNEL_INFO_BRIDGE 0x04 /* represents a bridged tunnel id */ /* Maximum tunnel options length. */ #define IP_TUNNEL_OPTS_MAX \ GENMASK((sizeof_field(struct ip_tunnel_info, \ options_len) * BITS_PER_BYTE) - 1, 0) struct ip_tunnel_info { struct ip_tunnel_key key; #ifdef CONFIG_DST_CACHE struct dst_cache dst_cache; #endif u8 options_len; u8 mode; }; /* 6rd prefix/relay information */ #ifdef CONFIG_IPV6_SIT_6RD struct ip_tunnel_6rd_parm { struct in6_addr prefix; __be32 relay_prefix; u16 prefixlen; u16 relay_prefixlen; }; #endif struct ip_tunnel_encap { u16 type; u16 flags; __be16 sport; __be16 dport; }; struct ip_tunnel_prl_entry { struct ip_tunnel_prl_entry __rcu *next; __be32 addr; u16 flags; struct rcu_head rcu_head; }; struct metadata_dst; struct ip_tunnel { struct ip_tunnel __rcu *next; struct hlist_node hash_node; struct net_device *dev; struct net *net; /* netns for packet i/o */ unsigned long err_time; /* Time when the last ICMP error * arrived */ int err_count; /* Number of arrived ICMP errors */ /* These four fields used only by GRE */ u32 i_seqno; /* The last seen seqno */ u32 o_seqno; /* The last output seqno */ int tun_hlen; /* Precalculated header length */ /* These four fields used only by ERSPAN */ u32 index; /* ERSPAN type II index */ u8 erspan_ver; /* ERSPAN version */ u8 dir; /* ERSPAN direction */ u16 hwid; /* ERSPAN hardware ID */ struct dst_cache dst_cache; struct ip_tunnel_parm parms; int mlink; int encap_hlen; /* Encap header length (FOU,GUE) */ int hlen; /* tun_hlen + encap_hlen */ struct ip_tunnel_encap encap; /* for SIT */ #ifdef CONFIG_IPV6_SIT_6RD struct ip_tunnel_6rd_parm ip6rd; #endif struct ip_tunnel_prl_entry __rcu *prl; /* potential router list */ unsigned int prl_count; /* # of entries in PRL */ unsigned int ip_tnl_net_id; struct gro_cells gro_cells; __u32 fwmark; bool collect_md; bool ignore_df; }; struct tnl_ptk_info { __be16 flags; __be16 proto; __be32 key; __be32 seq; int hdr_len; }; #define PACKET_RCVD 0 #define PACKET_REJECT 1 #define PACKET_NEXT 2 #define IP_TNL_HASH_BITS 7 #define IP_TNL_HASH_SIZE (1 << IP_TNL_HASH_BITS) struct ip_tunnel_net { struct net_device *fb_tunnel_dev; struct rtnl_link_ops *rtnl_link_ops; struct hlist_head tunnels[IP_TNL_HASH_SIZE]; struct ip_tunnel __rcu *collect_md_tun; int type; }; static inline void ip_tunnel_key_init(struct ip_tunnel_key *key, __be32 saddr, __be32 daddr, u8 tos, u8 ttl, __be32 label, __be16 tp_src, __be16 tp_dst, __be64 tun_id, __be16 tun_flags) { key->tun_id = tun_id; key->u.ipv4.src = saddr; key->u.ipv4.dst = daddr; memset((unsigned char *)key + IP_TUNNEL_KEY_IPV4_PAD, 0, IP_TUNNEL_KEY_IPV4_PAD_LEN); key->tos = tos; key->ttl = ttl; key->label = label; key->tun_flags = tun_flags; /* For the tunnel types on the top of IPsec, the tp_src and tp_dst of * the upper tunnel are used. * E.g: GRE over IPSEC, the tp_src and tp_port are zero. */ key->tp_src = tp_src; key->tp_dst = tp_dst; /* Clear struct padding. */ if (sizeof(*key) != IP_TUNNEL_KEY_SIZE) memset((unsigned char *)key + IP_TUNNEL_KEY_SIZE, 0, sizeof(*key) - IP_TUNNEL_KEY_SIZE); } static inline bool ip_tunnel_dst_cache_usable(const struct sk_buff *skb, const struct ip_tunnel_info *info) { if (skb->mark) return false; if (!info) return true; if (info->key.tun_flags & TUNNEL_NOCACHE) return false; return true; } static inline unsigned short ip_tunnel_info_af(const struct ip_tunnel_info *tun_info) { return tun_info->mode & IP_TUNNEL_INFO_IPV6 ? AF_INET6 : AF_INET; } static inline __be64 key32_to_tunnel_id(__be32 key) { #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN return (__force __be64)key; #else return (__force __be64)((__force u64)key << 32); #endif } /* Returns the least-significant 32 bits of a __be64. */ static inline __be32 tunnel_id_to_key32(__be64 tun_id) { #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN return (__force __be32)tun_id; #else return (__force __be32)((__force u64)tun_id >> 32); #endif } #ifdef CONFIG_INET static inline void ip_tunnel_init_flow(struct flowi4 *fl4, int proto, __be32 daddr, __be32 saddr, __be32 key, __u8 tos, int oif, __u32 mark, __u32 tun_inner_hash) { memset(fl4, 0, sizeof(*fl4)); fl4->flowi4_oif = oif; fl4->daddr = daddr; fl4->saddr = saddr; fl4->flowi4_tos = tos; fl4->flowi4_proto = proto; fl4->fl4_gre_key = key; fl4->flowi4_mark = mark; fl4->flowi4_multipath_hash = tun_inner_hash; } int ip_tunnel_init(struct net_device *dev); void ip_tunnel_uninit(struct net_device *dev); void ip_tunnel_dellink(struct net_device *dev, struct list_head *head); struct net *ip_tunnel_get_link_net(const struct net_device *dev); int ip_tunnel_get_iflink(const struct net_device *dev); int ip_tunnel_init_net(struct net *net, unsigned int ip_tnl_net_id, struct rtnl_link_ops *ops, char *devname); void ip_tunnel_delete_nets(struct list_head *list_net, unsigned int id, struct rtnl_link_ops *ops); void ip_tunnel_xmit(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, const struct iphdr *tnl_params, const u8 protocol); void ip_md_tunnel_xmit(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, const u8 proto, int tunnel_hlen); int ip_tunnel_ctl(struct net_device *dev, struct ip_tunnel_parm *p, int cmd); int ip_tunnel_ioctl(struct net_device *dev, struct ifreq *ifr, int cmd); int __ip_tunnel_change_mtu(struct net_device *dev, int new_mtu, bool strict); int ip_tunnel_change_mtu(struct net_device *dev, int new_mtu); void ip_tunnel_get_stats64(struct net_device *dev, struct rtnl_link_stats64 *tot); struct ip_tunnel *ip_tunnel_lookup(struct ip_tunnel_net *itn, int link, __be16 flags, __be32 remote, __be32 local, __be32 key); int ip_tunnel_rcv(struct ip_tunnel *tunnel, struct sk_buff *skb, const struct tnl_ptk_info *tpi, struct metadata_dst *tun_dst, bool log_ecn_error); int ip_tunnel_changelink(struct net_device *dev, struct nlattr *tb[], struct ip_tunnel_parm *p, __u32 fwmark); int ip_tunnel_newlink(struct net_device *dev, struct nlattr *tb[], struct ip_tunnel_parm *p, __u32 fwmark); void ip_tunnel_setup(struct net_device *dev, unsigned int net_id); extern const struct header_ops ip_tunnel_header_ops; __be16 ip_tunnel_parse_protocol(const struct sk_buff *skb); struct ip_tunnel_encap_ops { size_t (*encap_hlen)(struct ip_tunnel_encap *e); int (*build_header)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ip_tunnel_encap *e, u8 *protocol, struct flowi4 *fl4); int (*err_handler)(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 info); }; #define MAX_IPTUN_ENCAP_OPS 8 extern const struct ip_tunnel_encap_ops __rcu * iptun_encaps[MAX_IPTUN_ENCAP_OPS]; int ip_tunnel_encap_add_ops(const struct ip_tunnel_encap_ops *op, unsigned int num); int ip_tunnel_encap_del_ops(const struct ip_tunnel_encap_ops *op, unsigned int num); int ip_tunnel_encap_setup(struct ip_tunnel *t, struct ip_tunnel_encap *ipencap); static inline bool pskb_inet_may_pull(struct sk_buff *skb) { int nhlen; switch (skb->protocol) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) case htons(ETH_P_IPV6): nhlen = sizeof(struct ipv6hdr); break; #endif case htons(ETH_P_IP): nhlen = sizeof(struct iphdr); break; default: nhlen = 0; } return pskb_network_may_pull(skb, nhlen); } static inline int ip_encap_hlen(struct ip_tunnel_encap *e) { const struct ip_tunnel_encap_ops *ops; int hlen = -EINVAL; if (e->type == TUNNEL_ENCAP_NONE) return 0; if (e->type >= MAX_IPTUN_ENCAP_OPS) return -EINVAL; rcu_read_lock(); ops = rcu_dereference(iptun_encaps[e->type]); if (likely(ops && ops->encap_hlen)) hlen = ops->encap_hlen(e); rcu_read_unlock(); return hlen; } static inline int ip_tunnel_encap(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ip_tunnel *t, u8 *protocol, struct flowi4 *fl4) { const struct ip_tunnel_encap_ops *ops; int ret = -EINVAL; if (t->encap.type == TUNNEL_ENCAP_NONE) return 0; if (t->encap.type >= MAX_IPTUN_ENCAP_OPS) return -EINVAL; rcu_read_lock(); ops = rcu_dereference(iptun_encaps[t->encap.type]); if (likely(ops && ops->build_header)) ret = ops->build_header(skb, &t->encap, protocol, fl4); rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } /* Extract dsfield from inner protocol */ static inline u8 ip_tunnel_get_dsfield(const struct iphdr *iph, const struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->protocol == htons(ETH_P_IP)) return iph->tos; else if (skb->protocol == htons(ETH_P_IPV6)) return ipv6_get_dsfield((const struct ipv6hdr *)iph); else return 0; } static inline u8 ip_tunnel_get_ttl(const struct iphdr *iph, const struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->protocol == htons(ETH_P_IP)) return iph->ttl; else if (skb->protocol == htons(ETH_P_IPV6)) return ((const struct ipv6hdr *)iph)->hop_limit; else return 0; } /* Propogate ECN bits out */ static inline u8 ip_tunnel_ecn_encap(u8 tos, const struct iphdr *iph, const struct sk_buff *skb) { u8 inner = ip_tunnel_get_dsfield(iph, skb); return INET_ECN_encapsulate(tos, inner); } int __iptunnel_pull_header(struct sk_buff *skb, int hdr_len, __be16 inner_proto, bool raw_proto, bool xnet); static inline int iptunnel_pull_header(struct sk_buff *skb, int hdr_len, __be16 inner_proto, bool xnet) { return __iptunnel_pull_header(skb, hdr_len, inner_proto, false, xnet); } void iptunnel_xmit(struct sock *sk, struct rtable *rt, struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 src, __be32 dst, u8 proto, u8 tos, u8 ttl, __be16 df, bool xnet); struct metadata_dst *iptunnel_metadata_reply(struct metadata_dst *md, gfp_t flags); int skb_tunnel_check_pmtu(struct sk_buff *skb, struct dst_entry *encap_dst, int headroom, bool reply); int iptunnel_handle_offloads(struct sk_buff *skb, int gso_type_mask); static inline int iptunnel_pull_offloads(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb_is_gso(skb)) { int err; err = skb_unclone(skb, GFP_ATOMIC); if (unlikely(err)) return err; skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type &= ~(NETIF_F_GSO_ENCAP_ALL >> NETIF_F_GSO_SHIFT); } skb->encapsulation = 0; return 0; } static inline void iptunnel_xmit_stats(struct net_device *dev, int pkt_len) { if (pkt_len > 0) { struct pcpu_sw_netstats *tstats = get_cpu_ptr(dev->tstats); u64_stats_update_begin(&tstats->syncp); tstats->tx_bytes += pkt_len; tstats->tx_packets++; u64_stats_update_end(&tstats->syncp); put_cpu_ptr(tstats); } else { struct net_device_stats *err_stats = &dev->stats; if (pkt_len < 0) { err_stats->tx_errors++; err_stats->tx_aborted_errors++; } else { err_stats->tx_dropped++; } } } static inline void *ip_tunnel_info_opts(struct ip_tunnel_info *info) { return info + 1; } static inline void ip_tunnel_info_opts_get(void *to, const struct ip_tunnel_info *info) { memcpy(to, info + 1, info->options_len); } static inline void ip_tunnel_info_opts_set(struct ip_tunnel_info *info, const void *from, int len, __be16 flags) { info->options_len = len; if (len > 0) { memcpy(ip_tunnel_info_opts(info), from, len); info->key.tun_flags |= flags; } } static inline struct ip_tunnel_info *lwt_tun_info(struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate) { return (struct ip_tunnel_info *)lwtstate->data; } DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(ip_tunnel_metadata_cnt); /* Returns > 0 if metadata should be collected */ static inline int ip_tunnel_collect_metadata(void) { return static_branch_unlikely(&ip_tunnel_metadata_cnt); } void __init ip_tunnel_core_init(void); void ip_tunnel_need_metadata(void); void ip_tunnel_unneed_metadata(void); #else /* CONFIG_INET */ static inline struct ip_tunnel_info *lwt_tun_info(struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate) { return NULL; } static inline void ip_tunnel_need_metadata(void) { } static inline void ip_tunnel_unneed_metadata(void) { } static inline void ip_tunnel_info_opts_get(void *to, const struct ip_tunnel_info *info) { } static inline void ip_tunnel_info_opts_set(struct ip_tunnel_info *info, const void *from, int len, __be16 flags) { info->options_len = 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_INET */ #endif /* __NET_IP_TUNNELS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Global definitions for the ARP (RFC 826) protocol. * * Version: @(#)if_arp.h 1.0.1 04/16/93 * * Authors: Original taken from Berkeley UNIX 4.3, (c) UCB 1986-1988 * Portions taken from the KA9Q/NOS (v2.00m PA0GRI) source. * Ross Biro * Fred N. van Kempen, <waltje@uWalt.NL.Mugnet.ORG> * Florian La Roche, * Jonathan Layes <layes@loran.com> * Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@conectiva.com.br> ARPHRD_HWX25 */ #ifndef _LINUX_IF_ARP_H #define _LINUX_IF_ARP_H #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <uapi/linux/if_arp.h> static inline struct arphdr *arp_hdr(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct arphdr *)skb_network_header(skb); } static inline unsigned int arp_hdr_len(const struct net_device *dev) { switch (dev->type) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_FIREWIRE_NET) case ARPHRD_IEEE1394: /* ARP header, device address and 2 IP addresses */ return sizeof(struct arphdr) + dev->addr_len + sizeof(u32) * 2; #endif default: /* ARP header, plus 2 device addresses, plus 2 IP addresses. */ return sizeof(struct arphdr) + (dev->addr_len + sizeof(u32)) * 2; } } static inline bool dev_is_mac_header_xmit(const struct net_device *dev) { switch (dev->type) { case ARPHRD_TUNNEL: case ARPHRD_TUNNEL6: case ARPHRD_SIT: case ARPHRD_IPGRE: case ARPHRD_VOID: case ARPHRD_NONE: case ARPHRD_RAWIP: return false; default: return true; } } #endif /* _LINUX_IF_ARP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _KERNEL_PRINTK_RINGBUFFER_H #define _KERNEL_PRINTK_RINGBUFFER_H #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/dev_printk.h> /* * Meta information about each stored message. * * All fields are set by the printk code except for @seq, which is * set by the ringbuffer code. */ struct printk_info { u64 seq; /* sequence number */ u64 ts_nsec; /* timestamp in nanoseconds */ u16 text_len; /* length of text message */ u8 facility; /* syslog facility */ u8 flags:5; /* internal record flags */ u8 level:3; /* syslog level */ u32 caller_id; /* thread id or processor id */ struct dev_printk_info dev_info; }; /* * A structure providing the buffers, used by writers and readers. * * Writers: * Using prb_rec_init_wr(), a writer sets @text_buf_size before calling * prb_reserve(). On success, prb_reserve() sets @info and @text_buf to * buffers reserved for that writer. * * Readers: * Using prb_rec_init_rd(), a reader sets all fields before calling * prb_read_valid(). Note that the reader provides the @info and @text_buf, * buffers. On success, the struct pointed to by @info will be filled and * the char array pointed to by @text_buf will be filled with text data. */ struct printk_record { struct printk_info *info; char *text_buf; unsigned int text_buf_size; }; /* Specifies the logical position and span of a data block. */ struct prb_data_blk_lpos { unsigned long begin; unsigned long next; }; /* * A descriptor: the complete meta-data for a record. * * @state_var: A bitwise combination of descriptor ID and descriptor state. */ struct prb_desc { atomic_long_t state_var; struct prb_data_blk_lpos text_blk_lpos; }; /* A ringbuffer of "ID + data" elements. */ struct prb_data_ring { unsigned int size_bits; char *data; atomic_long_t head_lpos; atomic_long_t tail_lpos; }; /* A ringbuffer of "struct prb_desc" elements. */ struct prb_desc_ring { unsigned int count_bits; struct prb_desc *descs; struct printk_info *infos; atomic_long_t head_id; atomic_long_t tail_id; }; /* * The high level structure representing the printk ringbuffer. * * @fail: Count of failed prb_reserve() calls where not even a data-less * record was created. */ struct printk_ringbuffer { struct prb_desc_ring desc_ring; struct prb_data_ring text_data_ring; atomic_long_t fail; }; /* * Used by writers as a reserve/commit handle. * * @rb: Ringbuffer where the entry is reserved. * @irqflags: Saved irq flags to restore on entry commit. * @id: ID of the reserved descriptor. * @text_space: Total occupied buffer space in the text data ring, including * ID, alignment padding, and wrapping data blocks. * * This structure is an opaque handle for writers. Its contents are only * to be used by the ringbuffer implementation. */ struct prb_reserved_entry { struct printk_ringbuffer *rb; unsigned long irqflags; unsigned long id; unsigned int text_space; }; /* The possible responses of a descriptor state-query. */ enum desc_state { desc_miss = -1, /* ID mismatch (pseudo state) */ desc_reserved = 0x0, /* reserved, in use by writer */ desc_committed = 0x1, /* committed by writer, could get reopened */ desc_finalized = 0x2, /* committed, no further modification allowed */ desc_reusable = 0x3, /* free, not yet used by any writer */ }; #define _DATA_SIZE(sz_bits) (1UL << (sz_bits)) #define _DESCS_COUNT(ct_bits) (1U << (ct_bits)) #define DESC_SV_BITS (sizeof(unsigned long) * 8) #define DESC_FLAGS_SHIFT (DESC_SV_BITS - 2) #define DESC_FLAGS_MASK (3UL << DESC_FLAGS_SHIFT) #define DESC_STATE(sv) (3UL & (sv >> DESC_FLAGS_SHIFT)) #define DESC_SV(id, state) (((unsigned long)state << DESC_FLAGS_SHIFT) | id) #define DESC_ID_MASK (~DESC_FLAGS_MASK) #define DESC_ID(sv) ((sv) & DESC_ID_MASK) #define FAILED_LPOS 0x1 #define NO_LPOS 0x3 #define FAILED_BLK_LPOS \ { \ .begin = FAILED_LPOS, \ .next = FAILED_LPOS, \ } /* * Descriptor Bootstrap * * The descriptor array is minimally initialized to allow immediate usage * by readers and writers. The requirements that the descriptor array * initialization must satisfy: * * Req1 * The tail must point to an existing (committed or reusable) descriptor. * This is required by the implementation of prb_first_seq(). * * Req2 * Readers must see that the ringbuffer is initially empty. * * Req3 * The first record reserved by a writer is assigned sequence number 0. * * To satisfy Req1, the tail initially points to a descriptor that is * minimally initialized (having no data block, i.e. data-less with the * data block's lpos @begin and @next values set to FAILED_LPOS). * * To satisfy Req2, the initial tail descriptor is initialized to the * reusable state. Readers recognize reusable descriptors as existing * records, but skip over them. * * To satisfy Req3, the last descriptor in the array is used as the initial * head (and tail) descriptor. This allows the first record reserved by a * writer (head + 1) to be the first descriptor in the array. (Only the first * descriptor in the array could have a valid sequence number of 0.) * * The first time a descriptor is reserved, it is assigned a sequence number * with the value of the array index. A "first time reserved" descriptor can * be recognized because it has a sequence number of 0 but does not have an * index of 0. (Only the first descriptor in the array could have a valid * sequence number of 0.) After the first reservation, all future reservations * (recycling) simply involve incrementing the sequence number by the array * count. * * Hack #1 * Only the first descriptor in the array is allowed to have the sequence * number 0. In this case it is not possible to recognize if it is being * reserved the first time (set to index value) or has been reserved * previously (increment by the array count). This is handled by _always_ * incrementing the sequence number by the array count when reserving the * first descriptor in the array. In order to satisfy Req3, the sequence * number of the first descriptor in the array is initialized to minus * the array count. Then, upon the first reservation, it is incremented * to 0, thus satisfying Req3. * * Hack #2 * prb_first_seq() can be called at any time by readers to retrieve the * sequence number of the tail descriptor. However, due to Req2 and Req3, * initially there are no records to report the sequence number of * (sequence numbers are u64 and there is nothing less than 0). To handle * this, the sequence number of the initial tail descriptor is initialized * to 0. Technically this is incorrect, because there is no record with * sequence number 0 (yet) and the tail descriptor is not the first * descriptor in the array. But it allows prb_read_valid() to correctly * report the existence of a record for _any_ given sequence number at all * times. Bootstrapping is complete when the tail is pushed the first * time, thus finally pointing to the first descriptor reserved by a * writer, which has the assigned sequence number 0. */ /* * Initiating Logical Value Overflows * * Both logical position (lpos) and ID values can be mapped to array indexes * but may experience overflows during the lifetime of the system. To ensure * that printk_ringbuffer can handle the overflows for these types, initial * values are chosen that map to the correct initial array indexes, but will * result in overflows soon. * * BLK0_LPOS * The initial @head_lpos and @tail_lpos for data rings. It is at index * 0 and the lpos value is such that it will overflow on the first wrap. * * DESC0_ID * The initial @head_id and @tail_id for the desc ring. It is at the last * index of the descriptor array (see Req3 above) and the ID value is such * that it will overflow on the second wrap. */ #define BLK0_LPOS(sz_bits) (-(_DATA_SIZE(sz_bits))) #define DESC0_ID(ct_bits) DESC_ID(-(_DESCS_COUNT(ct_bits) + 1)) #define DESC0_SV(ct_bits) DESC_SV(DESC0_ID(ct_bits), desc_reusable) /* * Define a ringbuffer with an external text data buffer. The same as * DEFINE_PRINTKRB() but requires specifying an external buffer for the * text data. * * Note: The specified external buffer must be of the size: * 2 ^ (descbits + avgtextbits) */ #define _DEFINE_PRINTKRB(name, descbits, avgtextbits, text_buf) \ static struct prb_desc _##name##_descs[_DESCS_COUNT(descbits)] = { \ /* the initial head and tail */ \ [_DESCS_COUNT(descbits) - 1] = { \ /* reusable */ \ .state_var = ATOMIC_INIT(DESC0_SV(descbits)), \ /* no associated data block */ \ .text_blk_lpos = FAILED_BLK_LPOS, \ }, \ }; \ static struct printk_info _##name##_infos[_DESCS_COUNT(descbits)] = { \ /* this will be the first record reserved by a writer */ \ [0] = { \ /* will be incremented to 0 on the first reservation */ \ .seq = -(u64)_DESCS_COUNT(descbits), \ }, \ /* the initial head and tail */ \ [_DESCS_COUNT(descbits) - 1] = { \ /* reports the first seq value during the bootstrap phase */ \ .seq = 0, \ }, \ }; \ static struct printk_ringbuffer name = { \ .desc_ring = { \ .count_bits = descbits, \ .descs = &_##name##_descs[0], \ .infos = &_##name##_infos[0], \ .head_id = ATOMIC_INIT(DESC0_ID(descbits)), \ .tail_id = ATOMIC_INIT(DESC0_ID(descbits)), \ }, \ .text_data_ring = { \ .size_bits = (avgtextbits) + (descbits), \ .data = text_buf, \ .head_lpos = ATOMIC_LONG_INIT(BLK0_LPOS((avgtextbits) + (descbits))), \ .tail_lpos = ATOMIC_LONG_INIT(BLK0_LPOS((avgtextbits) + (descbits))), \ }, \ .fail = ATOMIC_LONG_INIT(0), \ } /** * DEFINE_PRINTKRB() - Define a ringbuffer. * * @name: The name of the ringbuffer variable. * @descbits: The number of descriptors as a power-of-2 value. * @avgtextbits: The average text data size per record as a power-of-2 value. * * This is a macro for defining a ringbuffer and all internal structures * such that it is ready for immediate use. See _DEFINE_PRINTKRB() for a * variant where the text data buffer can be specified externally. */ #define DEFINE_PRINTKRB(name, descbits, avgtextbits) \ static char _##name##_text[1U << ((avgtextbits) + (descbits))] \ __aligned(__alignof__(unsigned long)); \ _DEFINE_PRINTKRB(name, descbits, avgtextbits, &_##name##_text[0]) /* Writer Interface */ /** * prb_rec_init_wd() - Initialize a buffer for writing records. * * @r: The record to initialize. * @text_buf_size: The needed text buffer size. */ static inline void prb_rec_init_wr(struct printk_record *r, unsigned int text_buf_size) { r->info = NULL; r->text_buf = NULL; r->text_buf_size = text_buf_size; } bool prb_reserve(struct prb_reserved_entry *e, struct printk_ringbuffer *rb, struct printk_record *r); bool prb_reserve_in_last(struct prb_reserved_entry *e, struct printk_ringbuffer *rb, struct printk_record *r, u32 caller_id, unsigned int max_size); void prb_commit(struct prb_reserved_entry *e); void prb_final_commit(struct prb_reserved_entry *e); void prb_init(struct printk_ringbuffer *rb, char *text_buf, unsigned int text_buf_size, struct prb_desc *descs, unsigned int descs_count_bits, struct printk_info *infos); unsigned int prb_record_text_space(struct prb_reserved_entry *e); /* Reader Interface */ /** * prb_rec_init_rd() - Initialize a buffer for reading records. * * @r: The record to initialize. * @info: A buffer to store record meta-data. * @text_buf: A buffer to store text data. * @text_buf_size: The size of @text_buf. * * Initialize all the fields that a reader is interested in. All arguments * (except @r) are optional. Only record data for arguments that are * non-NULL or non-zero will be read. */ static inline void prb_rec_init_rd(struct printk_record *r, struct printk_info *info, char *text_buf, unsigned int text_buf_size) { r->info = info; r->text_buf = text_buf; r->text_buf_size = text_buf_size; } /** * prb_for_each_record() - Iterate over the records of a ringbuffer. * * @from: The sequence number to begin with. * @rb: The ringbuffer to iterate over. * @s: A u64 to store the sequence number on each iteration. * @r: A printk_record to store the record on each iteration. * * This is a macro for conveniently iterating over a ringbuffer. * Note that @s may not be the sequence number of the record on each * iteration. For the sequence number, @r->info->seq should be checked. * * Context: Any context. */ #define prb_for_each_record(from, rb, s, r) \ for ((s) = from; prb_read_valid(rb, s, r); (s) = (r)->info->seq + 1) /** * prb_for_each_info() - Iterate over the meta data of a ringbuffer. * * @from: The sequence number to begin with. * @rb: The ringbuffer to iterate over. * @s: A u64 to store the sequence number on each iteration. * @i: A printk_info to store the record meta data on each iteration. * @lc: An unsigned int to store the text line count of each record. * * This is a macro for conveniently iterating over a ringbuffer. * Note that @s may not be the sequence number of the record on each * iteration. For the sequence number, @r->info->seq should be checked. * * Context: Any context. */ #define prb_for_each_info(from, rb, s, i, lc) \ for ((s) = from; prb_read_valid_info(rb, s, i, lc); (s) = (i)->seq + 1) bool prb_read_valid(struct printk_ringbuffer *rb, u64 seq, struct printk_record *r); bool prb_read_valid_info(struct printk_ringbuffer *rb, u64 seq, struct printk_info *info, unsigned int *line_count); u64 prb_first_valid_seq(struct printk_ringbuffer *rb); u64 prb_next_seq(struct printk_ringbuffer *rb); #endif /* _KERNEL_PRINTK_RINGBUFFER_H */
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1218 1219 1220 1221 1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * Implementation of the kernel access vector cache (AVC). * * Authors: Stephen Smalley, <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> * James Morris <jmorris@redhat.com> * * Update: KaiGai, Kohei <kaigai@ak.jp.nec.com> * Replaced the avc_lock spinlock by RCU. * * Copyright (C) 2003 Red Hat, Inc., James Morris <jmorris@redhat.com> */ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/dcache.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <linux/un.h> #include <net/af_unix.h> #include <linux/ip.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <net/ipv6.h> #include "avc.h" #include "avc_ss.h" #include "classmap.h" #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <trace/events/avc.h> #define AVC_CACHE_SLOTS 512 #define AVC_DEF_CACHE_THRESHOLD 512 #define AVC_CACHE_RECLAIM 16 #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_AVC_STATS #define avc_cache_stats_incr(field) this_cpu_inc(avc_cache_stats.field) #else #define avc_cache_stats_incr(field) do {} while (0) #endif struct avc_entry { u32 ssid; u32 tsid; u16 tclass; struct av_decision avd; struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node; }; struct avc_node { struct avc_entry ae; struct hlist_node list; /* anchored in avc_cache->slots[i] */ struct rcu_head rhead; }; struct avc_xperms_decision_node { struct extended_perms_decision xpd; struct list_head xpd_list; /* list of extended_perms_decision */ }; struct avc_xperms_node { struct extended_perms xp; struct list_head xpd_head; /* list head of extended_perms_decision */ }; struct avc_cache { struct hlist_head slots[AVC_CACHE_SLOTS]; /* head for avc_node->list */ spinlock_t slots_lock[AVC_CACHE_SLOTS]; /* lock for writes */ atomic_t lru_hint; /* LRU hint for reclaim scan */ atomic_t active_nodes; u32 latest_notif; /* latest revocation notification */ }; struct avc_callback_node { int (*callback) (u32 event); u32 events; struct avc_callback_node *next; }; #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_AVC_STATS DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct avc_cache_stats, avc_cache_stats) = { 0 }; #endif struct selinux_avc { unsigned int avc_cache_threshold; struct avc_cache avc_cache; }; static struct selinux_avc selinux_avc; void selinux_avc_init(struct selinux_avc **avc) { int i; selinux_avc.avc_cache_threshold = AVC_DEF_CACHE_THRESHOLD; for (i = 0; i < AVC_CACHE_SLOTS; i++) { INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&selinux_avc.avc_cache.slots[i]); spin_lock_init(&selinux_avc.avc_cache.slots_lock[i]); } atomic_set(&selinux_avc.avc_cache.active_nodes, 0); atomic_set(&selinux_avc.avc_cache.lru_hint, 0); *avc = &selinux_avc; } unsigned int avc_get_cache_threshold(struct selinux_avc *avc) { return avc->avc_cache_threshold; } void avc_set_cache_threshold(struct selinux_avc *avc, unsigned int cache_threshold) { avc->avc_cache_threshold = cache_threshold; } static struct avc_callback_node *avc_callbacks; static struct kmem_cache *avc_node_cachep; static struct kmem_cache *avc_xperms_data_cachep; static struct kmem_cache *avc_xperms_decision_cachep; static struct kmem_cache *avc_xperms_cachep; static inline int avc_hash(u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass) { return (ssid ^ (tsid<<2) ^ (tclass<<4)) & (AVC_CACHE_SLOTS - 1); } /** * avc_init - Initialize the AVC. * * Initialize the access vector cache. */ void __init avc_init(void) { avc_node_cachep = kmem_cache_create("avc_node", sizeof(struct avc_node), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); avc_xperms_cachep = kmem_cache_create("avc_xperms_node", sizeof(struct avc_xperms_node), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); avc_xperms_decision_cachep = kmem_cache_create( "avc_xperms_decision_node", sizeof(struct avc_xperms_decision_node), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); avc_xperms_data_cachep = kmem_cache_create("avc_xperms_data", sizeof(struct extended_perms_data), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); } int avc_get_hash_stats(struct selinux_avc *avc, char *page) { int i, chain_len, max_chain_len, slots_used; struct avc_node *node; struct hlist_head *head; rcu_read_lock(); slots_used = 0; max_chain_len = 0; for (i = 0; i < AVC_CACHE_SLOTS; i++) { head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[i]; if (!hlist_empty(head)) { slots_used++; chain_len = 0; hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(node, head, list) chain_len++; if (chain_len > max_chain_len) max_chain_len = chain_len; } } rcu_read_unlock(); return scnprintf(page, PAGE_SIZE, "entries: %d\nbuckets used: %d/%d\n" "longest chain: %d\n", atomic_read(&avc->avc_cache.active_nodes), slots_used, AVC_CACHE_SLOTS, max_chain_len); } /* * using a linked list for extended_perms_decision lookup because the list is * always small. i.e. less than 5, typically 1 */ static struct extended_perms_decision *avc_xperms_decision_lookup(u8 driver, struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node) { struct avc_xperms_decision_node *xpd_node; list_for_each_entry(xpd_node, &xp_node->xpd_head, xpd_list) { if (xpd_node->xpd.driver == driver) return &xpd_node->xpd; } return NULL; } static inline unsigned int avc_xperms_has_perm(struct extended_perms_decision *xpd, u8 perm, u8 which) { unsigned int rc = 0; if ((which == XPERMS_ALLOWED) && (xpd->used & XPERMS_ALLOWED)) rc = security_xperm_test(xpd->allowed->p, perm); else if ((which == XPERMS_AUDITALLOW) && (xpd->used & XPERMS_AUDITALLOW)) rc = security_xperm_test(xpd->auditallow->p, perm); else if ((which == XPERMS_DONTAUDIT) && (xpd->used & XPERMS_DONTAUDIT)) rc = security_xperm_test(xpd->dontaudit->p, perm); return rc; } static void avc_xperms_allow_perm(struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node, u8 driver, u8 perm) { struct extended_perms_decision *xpd; security_xperm_set(xp_node->xp.drivers.p, driver); xpd = avc_xperms_decision_lookup(driver, xp_node); if (xpd && xpd->allowed) security_xperm_set(xpd->allowed->p, perm); } static void avc_xperms_decision_free(struct avc_xperms_decision_node *xpd_node) { struct extended_perms_decision *xpd; xpd = &xpd_node->xpd; if (xpd->allowed) kmem_cache_free(avc_xperms_data_cachep, xpd->allowed); if (xpd->auditallow) kmem_cache_free(avc_xperms_data_cachep, xpd->auditallow); if (xpd->dontaudit) kmem_cache_free(avc_xperms_data_cachep, xpd->dontaudit); kmem_cache_free(avc_xperms_decision_cachep, xpd_node); } static void avc_xperms_free(struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node) { struct avc_xperms_decision_node *xpd_node, *tmp; if (!xp_node) return; list_for_each_entry_safe(xpd_node, tmp, &xp_node->xpd_head, xpd_list) { list_del(&xpd_node->xpd_list); avc_xperms_decision_free(xpd_node); } kmem_cache_free(avc_xperms_cachep, xp_node); } static void avc_copy_xperms_decision(struct extended_perms_decision *dest, struct extended_perms_decision *src) { dest->driver = src->driver; dest->used = src->used; if (dest->used & XPERMS_ALLOWED) memcpy(dest->allowed->p, src->allowed->p, sizeof(src->allowed->p)); if (dest->used & XPERMS_AUDITALLOW) memcpy(dest->auditallow->p, src->auditallow->p, sizeof(src->auditallow->p)); if (dest->used & XPERMS_DONTAUDIT) memcpy(dest->dontaudit->p, src->dontaudit->p, sizeof(src->dontaudit->p)); } /* * similar to avc_copy_xperms_decision, but only copy decision * information relevant to this perm */ static inline void avc_quick_copy_xperms_decision(u8 perm, struct extended_perms_decision *dest, struct extended_perms_decision *src) { /* * compute index of the u32 of the 256 bits (8 u32s) that contain this * command permission */ u8 i = perm >> 5; dest->used = src->used; if (dest->used & XPERMS_ALLOWED) dest->allowed->p[i] = src->allowed->p[i]; if (dest->used & XPERMS_AUDITALLOW) dest->auditallow->p[i] = src->auditallow->p[i]; if (dest->used & XPERMS_DONTAUDIT) dest->dontaudit->p[i] = src->dontaudit->p[i]; } static struct avc_xperms_decision_node *avc_xperms_decision_alloc(u8 which) { struct avc_xperms_decision_node *xpd_node; struct extended_perms_decision *xpd; xpd_node = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_xperms_decision_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!xpd_node) return NULL; xpd = &xpd_node->xpd; if (which & XPERMS_ALLOWED) { xpd->allowed = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_xperms_data_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!xpd->allowed) goto error; } if (which & XPERMS_AUDITALLOW) { xpd->auditallow = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_xperms_data_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!xpd->auditallow) goto error; } if (which & XPERMS_DONTAUDIT) { xpd->dontaudit = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_xperms_data_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!xpd->dontaudit) goto error; } return xpd_node; error: avc_xperms_decision_free(xpd_node); return NULL; } static int avc_add_xperms_decision(struct avc_node *node, struct extended_perms_decision *src) { struct avc_xperms_decision_node *dest_xpd; node->ae.xp_node->xp.len++; dest_xpd = avc_xperms_decision_alloc(src->used); if (!dest_xpd) return -ENOMEM; avc_copy_xperms_decision(&dest_xpd->xpd, src); list_add(&dest_xpd->xpd_list, &node->ae.xp_node->xpd_head); return 0; } static struct avc_xperms_node *avc_xperms_alloc(void) { struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node; xp_node = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_xperms_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!xp_node) return xp_node; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&xp_node->xpd_head); return xp_node; } static int avc_xperms_populate(struct avc_node *node, struct avc_xperms_node *src) { struct avc_xperms_node *dest; struct avc_xperms_decision_node *dest_xpd; struct avc_xperms_decision_node *src_xpd; if (src->xp.len == 0) return 0; dest = avc_xperms_alloc(); if (!dest) return -ENOMEM; memcpy(dest->xp.drivers.p, src->xp.drivers.p, sizeof(dest->xp.drivers.p)); dest->xp.len = src->xp.len; /* for each source xpd allocate a destination xpd and copy */ list_for_each_entry(src_xpd, &src->xpd_head, xpd_list) { dest_xpd = avc_xperms_decision_alloc(src_xpd->xpd.used); if (!dest_xpd) goto error; avc_copy_xperms_decision(&dest_xpd->xpd, &src_xpd->xpd); list_add(&dest_xpd->xpd_list, &dest->xpd_head); } node->ae.xp_node = dest; return 0; error: avc_xperms_free(dest); return -ENOMEM; } static inline u32 avc_xperms_audit_required(u32 requested, struct av_decision *avd, struct extended_perms_decision *xpd, u8 perm, int result, u32 *deniedp) { u32 denied, audited; denied = requested & ~avd->allowed; if (unlikely(denied)) { audited = denied & avd->auditdeny; if (audited && xpd) { if (avc_xperms_has_perm(xpd, perm, XPERMS_DONTAUDIT)) audited &= ~requested; } } else if (result) { audited = denied = requested; } else { audited = requested & avd->auditallow; if (audited && xpd) { if (!avc_xperms_has_perm(xpd, perm, XPERMS_AUDITALLOW)) audited &= ~requested; } } *deniedp = denied; return audited; } static inline int avc_xperms_audit(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, struct av_decision *avd, struct extended_perms_decision *xpd, u8 perm, int result, struct common_audit_data *ad) { u32 audited, denied; audited = avc_xperms_audit_required( requested, avd, xpd, perm, result, &denied); if (likely(!audited)) return 0; return slow_avc_audit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, audited, denied, result, ad); } static void avc_node_free(struct rcu_head *rhead) { struct avc_node *node = container_of(rhead, struct avc_node, rhead); avc_xperms_free(node->ae.xp_node); kmem_cache_free(avc_node_cachep, node); avc_cache_stats_incr(frees); } static void avc_node_delete(struct selinux_avc *avc, struct avc_node *node) { hlist_del_rcu(&node->list); call_rcu(&node->rhead, avc_node_free); atomic_dec(&avc->avc_cache.active_nodes); } static void avc_node_kill(struct selinux_avc *avc, struct avc_node *node) { avc_xperms_free(node->ae.xp_node); kmem_cache_free(avc_node_cachep, node); avc_cache_stats_incr(frees); atomic_dec(&avc->avc_cache.active_nodes); } static void avc_node_replace(struct selinux_avc *avc, struct avc_node *new, struct avc_node *old) { hlist_replace_rcu(&old->list, &new->list); call_rcu(&old->rhead, avc_node_free); atomic_dec(&avc->avc_cache.active_nodes); } static inline int avc_reclaim_node(struct selinux_avc *avc) { struct avc_node *node; int hvalue, try, ecx; unsigned long flags; struct hlist_head *head; spinlock_t *lock; for (try = 0, ecx = 0; try < AVC_CACHE_SLOTS; try++) { hvalue = atomic_inc_return(&avc->avc_cache.lru_hint) & (AVC_CACHE_SLOTS - 1); head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[hvalue]; lock = &avc->avc_cache.slots_lock[hvalue]; if (!spin_trylock_irqsave(lock, flags)) continue; rcu_read_lock(); hlist_for_each_entry(node, head, list) { avc_node_delete(avc, node); avc_cache_stats_incr(reclaims); ecx++; if (ecx >= AVC_CACHE_RECLAIM) { rcu_read_unlock(); spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flags); goto out; } } rcu_read_unlock(); spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flags); } out: return ecx; } static struct avc_node *avc_alloc_node(struct selinux_avc *avc) { struct avc_node *node; node = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_node_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!node) goto out; INIT_HLIST_NODE(&node->list); avc_cache_stats_incr(allocations); if (atomic_inc_return(&avc->avc_cache.active_nodes) > avc->avc_cache_threshold) avc_reclaim_node(avc); out: return node; } static void avc_node_populate(struct avc_node *node, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, struct av_decision *avd) { node->ae.ssid = ssid; node->ae.tsid = tsid; node->ae.tclass = tclass; memcpy(&node->ae.avd, avd, sizeof(node->ae.avd)); } static inline struct avc_node *avc_search_node(struct selinux_avc *avc, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass) { struct avc_node *node, *ret = NULL; int hvalue; struct hlist_head *head; hvalue = avc_hash(ssid, tsid, tclass); head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[hvalue]; hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(node, head, list) { if (ssid == node->ae.ssid && tclass == node->ae.tclass && tsid == node->ae.tsid) { ret = node; break; } } return ret; } /** * avc_lookup - Look up an AVC entry. * @ssid: source security identifier * @tsid: target security identifier * @tclass: target security class * * Look up an AVC entry that is valid for the * (@ssid, @tsid), interpreting the permissions * based on @tclass. If a valid AVC entry exists, * then this function returns the avc_node. * Otherwise, this function returns NULL. */ static struct avc_node *avc_lookup(struct selinux_avc *avc, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass) { struct avc_node *node; avc_cache_stats_incr(lookups); node = avc_search_node(avc, ssid, tsid, tclass); if (node) return node; avc_cache_stats_incr(misses); return NULL; } static int avc_latest_notif_update(struct selinux_avc *avc, int seqno, int is_insert) { int ret = 0; static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(notif_lock); unsigned long flag; spin_lock_irqsave(&notif_lock, flag); if (is_insert) { if (seqno < avc->avc_cache.latest_notif) { pr_warn("SELinux: avc: seqno %d < latest_notif %d\n", seqno, avc->avc_cache.latest_notif); ret = -EAGAIN; } } else { if (seqno > avc->avc_cache.latest_notif) avc->avc_cache.latest_notif = seqno; } spin_unlock_irqrestore(&notif_lock, flag); return ret; } /** * avc_insert - Insert an AVC entry. * @ssid: source security identifier * @tsid: target security identifier * @tclass: target security class * @avd: resulting av decision * @xp_node: resulting extended permissions * * Insert an AVC entry for the SID pair * (@ssid, @tsid) and class @tclass. * The access vectors and the sequence number are * normally provided by the security server in * response to a security_compute_av() call. If the * sequence number @avd->seqno is not less than the latest * revocation notification, then the function copies * the access vectors into a cache entry, returns * avc_node inserted. Otherwise, this function returns NULL. */ static struct avc_node *avc_insert(struct selinux_avc *avc, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, struct av_decision *avd, struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node) { struct avc_node *pos, *node = NULL; int hvalue; unsigned long flag; spinlock_t *lock; struct hlist_head *head; if (avc_latest_notif_update(avc, avd->seqno, 1)) return NULL; node = avc_alloc_node(avc); if (!node) return NULL; avc_node_populate(node, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd); if (avc_xperms_populate(node, xp_node)) { avc_node_kill(avc, node); return NULL; } hvalue = avc_hash(ssid, tsid, tclass); head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[hvalue]; lock = &avc->avc_cache.slots_lock[hvalue]; spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flag); hlist_for_each_entry(pos, head, list) { if (pos->ae.ssid == ssid && pos->ae.tsid == tsid && pos->ae.tclass == tclass) { avc_node_replace(avc, node, pos); goto found; } } hlist_add_head_rcu(&node->list, head); found: spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flag); return node; } /** * avc_audit_pre_callback - SELinux specific information * will be called by generic audit code * @ab: the audit buffer * @a: audit_data */ static void avc_audit_pre_callback(struct audit_buffer *ab, void *a) { struct common_audit_data *ad = a; struct selinux_audit_data *sad = ad->selinux_audit_data; u32 av = sad->audited; const char **perms; int i, perm; audit_log_format(ab, "avc: %s ", sad->denied ? "denied" : "granted"); if (av == 0) { audit_log_format(ab, " null"); return; } perms = secclass_map[sad->tclass-1].perms; audit_log_format(ab, " {"); i = 0; perm = 1; while (i < (sizeof(av) * 8)) { if ((perm & av) && perms[i]) { audit_log_format(ab, " %s", perms[i]); av &= ~perm; } i++; perm <<= 1; } if (av) audit_log_format(ab, " 0x%x", av); audit_log_format(ab, " } for "); } /** * avc_audit_post_callback - SELinux specific information * will be called by generic audit code * @ab: the audit buffer * @a: audit_data */ static void avc_audit_post_callback(struct audit_buffer *ab, void *a) { struct common_audit_data *ad = a; struct selinux_audit_data *sad = ad->selinux_audit_data; char *scontext = NULL; char *tcontext = NULL; const char *tclass = NULL; u32 scontext_len; u32 tcontext_len; int rc; rc = security_sid_to_context(sad->state, sad->ssid, &scontext, &scontext_len); if (rc) audit_log_format(ab, " ssid=%d", sad->ssid); else audit_log_format(ab, " scontext=%s", scontext); rc = security_sid_to_context(sad->state, sad->tsid, &tcontext, &tcontext_len); if (rc) audit_log_format(ab, " tsid=%d", sad->tsid); else audit_log_format(ab, " tcontext=%s", tcontext); tclass = secclass_map[sad->tclass-1].name; audit_log_format(ab, " tclass=%s", tclass); if (sad->denied) audit_log_format(ab, " permissive=%u", sad->result ? 0 : 1); trace_selinux_audited(sad, scontext, tcontext, tclass); kfree(tcontext); kfree(scontext); /* in case of invalid context report also the actual context string */ rc = security_sid_to_context_inval(sad->state, sad->ssid, &scontext, &scontext_len); if (!rc && scontext) { if (scontext_len && scontext[scontext_len - 1] == '\0') scontext_len--; audit_log_format(ab, " srawcon="); audit_log_n_untrustedstring(ab, scontext, scontext_len); kfree(scontext); } rc = security_sid_to_context_inval(sad->state, sad->tsid, &scontext, &scontext_len); if (!rc && scontext) { if (scontext_len && scontext[scontext_len - 1] == '\0') scontext_len--; audit_log_format(ab, " trawcon="); audit_log_n_untrustedstring(ab, scontext, scontext_len); kfree(scontext); } } /* This is the slow part of avc audit with big stack footprint */ noinline int slow_avc_audit(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, u32 audited, u32 denied, int result, struct common_audit_data *a) { struct common_audit_data stack_data; struct selinux_audit_data sad; if (WARN_ON(!tclass || tclass >= ARRAY_SIZE(secclass_map))) return -EINVAL; if (!a) { a = &stack_data; a->type = LSM_AUDIT_DATA_NONE; } sad.tclass = tclass; sad.requested = requested; sad.ssid = ssid; sad.tsid = tsid; sad.audited = audited; sad.denied = denied; sad.result = result; sad.state = state; a->selinux_audit_data = &sad; common_lsm_audit(a, avc_audit_pre_callback, avc_audit_post_callback); return 0; } /** * avc_add_callback - Register a callback for security events. * @callback: callback function * @events: security events * * Register a callback function for events in the set @events. * Returns %0 on success or -%ENOMEM if insufficient memory * exists to add the callback. */ int __init avc_add_callback(int (*callback)(u32 event), u32 events) { struct avc_callback_node *c; int rc = 0; c = kmalloc(sizeof(*c), GFP_KERNEL); if (!c) { rc = -ENOMEM; goto out; } c->callback = callback; c->events = events; c->next = avc_callbacks; avc_callbacks = c; out: return rc; } /** * avc_update_node Update an AVC entry * @event : Updating event * @perms : Permission mask bits * @ssid,@tsid,@tclass : identifier of an AVC entry * @seqno : sequence number when decision was made * @xpd: extended_perms_decision to be added to the node * @flags: the AVC_* flags, e.g. AVC_NONBLOCKING, AVC_EXTENDED_PERMS, or 0. * * if a valid AVC entry doesn't exist,this function returns -ENOENT. * if kmalloc() called internal returns NULL, this function returns -ENOMEM. * otherwise, this function updates the AVC entry. The original AVC-entry object * will release later by RCU. */ static int avc_update_node(struct selinux_avc *avc, u32 event, u32 perms, u8 driver, u8 xperm, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 seqno, struct extended_perms_decision *xpd, u32 flags) { int hvalue, rc = 0; unsigned long flag; struct avc_node *pos, *node, *orig = NULL; struct hlist_head *head; spinlock_t *lock; /* * If we are in a non-blocking code path, e.g. VFS RCU walk, * then we must not add permissions to a cache entry * because we will not audit the denial. Otherwise, * during the subsequent blocking retry (e.g. VFS ref walk), we * will find the permissions already granted in the cache entry * and won't audit anything at all, leading to silent denials in * permissive mode that only appear when in enforcing mode. * * See the corresponding handling of MAY_NOT_BLOCK in avc_audit() * and selinux_inode_permission(). */ if (flags & AVC_NONBLOCKING) return 0; node = avc_alloc_node(avc); if (!node) { rc = -ENOMEM; goto out; } /* Lock the target slot */ hvalue = avc_hash(ssid, tsid, tclass); head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[hvalue]; lock = &avc->avc_cache.slots_lock[hvalue]; spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flag); hlist_for_each_entry(pos, head, list) { if (ssid == pos->ae.ssid && tsid == pos->ae.tsid && tclass == pos->ae.tclass && seqno == pos->ae.avd.seqno){ orig = pos; break; } } if (!orig) { rc = -ENOENT; avc_node_kill(avc, node); goto out_unlock; } /* * Copy and replace original node. */ avc_node_populate(node, ssid, tsid, tclass, &orig->ae.avd); if (orig->ae.xp_node) { rc = avc_xperms_populate(node, orig->ae.xp_node); if (rc) { avc_node_kill(avc, node); goto out_unlock; } } switch (event) { case AVC_CALLBACK_GRANT: node->ae.avd.allowed |= perms; if (node->ae.xp_node && (flags & AVC_EXTENDED_PERMS)) avc_xperms_allow_perm(node->ae.xp_node, driver, xperm); break; case AVC_CALLBACK_TRY_REVOKE: case AVC_CALLBACK_REVOKE: node->ae.avd.allowed &= ~perms; break; case AVC_CALLBACK_AUDITALLOW_ENABLE: node->ae.avd.auditallow |= perms; break; case AVC_CALLBACK_AUDITALLOW_DISABLE: node->ae.avd.auditallow &= ~perms; break; case AVC_CALLBACK_AUDITDENY_ENABLE: node->ae.avd.auditdeny |= perms; break; case AVC_CALLBACK_AUDITDENY_DISABLE: node->ae.avd.auditdeny &= ~perms; break; case AVC_CALLBACK_ADD_XPERMS: avc_add_xperms_decision(node, xpd); break; } avc_node_replace(avc, node, orig); out_unlock: spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flag); out: return rc; } /** * avc_flush - Flush the cache */ static void avc_flush(struct selinux_avc *avc) { struct hlist_head *head; struct avc_node *node; spinlock_t *lock; unsigned long flag; int i; for (i = 0; i < AVC_CACHE_SLOTS; i++) { head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[i]; lock = &avc->avc_cache.slots_lock[i]; spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flag); /* * With preemptable RCU, the outer spinlock does not * prevent RCU grace periods from ending. */ rcu_read_lock(); hlist_for_each_entry(node, head, list) avc_node_delete(avc, node); rcu_read_unlock(); spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flag); } } /** * avc_ss_reset - Flush the cache and revalidate migrated permissions. * @seqno: policy sequence number */ int avc_ss_reset(struct selinux_avc *avc, u32 seqno) { struct avc_callback_node *c; int rc = 0, tmprc; avc_flush(avc); for (c = avc_callbacks; c; c = c->next) { if (c->events & AVC_CALLBACK_RESET) { tmprc = c->callback(AVC_CALLBACK_RESET); /* save the first error encountered for the return value and continue processing the callbacks */ if (!rc) rc = tmprc; } } avc_latest_notif_update(avc, seqno, 0); return rc; } /* * Slow-path helper function for avc_has_perm_noaudit, * when the avc_node lookup fails. We get called with * the RCU read lock held, and need to return with it * still held, but drop if for the security compute. * * Don't inline this, since it's the slow-path and just * results in a bigger stack frame. */ static noinline struct avc_node *avc_compute_av(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, struct av_decision *avd, struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node) { rcu_read_unlock(); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&xp_node->xpd_head); security_compute_av(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd, &xp_node->xp); rcu_read_lock(); return avc_insert(state->avc, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd, xp_node); } static noinline int avc_denied(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, u8 driver, u8 xperm, unsigned int flags, struct av_decision *avd) { if (flags & AVC_STRICT) return -EACCES; if (enforcing_enabled(state) && !(avd->flags & AVD_FLAGS_PERMISSIVE)) return -EACCES; avc_update_node(state->avc, AVC_CALLBACK_GRANT, requested, driver, xperm, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd->seqno, NULL, flags); return 0; } /* * The avc extended permissions logic adds an additional 256 bits of * permissions to an avc node when extended permissions for that node are * specified in the avtab. If the additional 256 permissions is not adequate, * as-is the case with ioctls, then multiple may be chained together and the * driver field is used to specify which set contains the permission. */ int avc_has_extended_perms(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, u8 driver, u8 xperm, struct common_audit_data *ad) { struct avc_node *node; struct av_decision avd; u32 denied; struct extended_perms_decision local_xpd; struct extended_perms_decision *xpd = NULL; struct extended_perms_data allowed; struct extended_perms_data auditallow; struct extended_perms_data dontaudit; struct avc_xperms_node local_xp_node; struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node; int rc = 0, rc2; xp_node = &local_xp_node; if (WARN_ON(!requested)) return -EACCES; rcu_read_lock(); node = avc_lookup(state->avc, ssid, tsid, tclass); if (unlikely(!node)) { node = avc_compute_av(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, &avd, xp_node); } else { memcpy(&avd, &node->ae.avd, sizeof(avd)); xp_node = node->ae.xp_node; } /* if extended permissions are not defined, only consider av_decision */ if (!xp_node || !xp_node->xp.len) goto decision; local_xpd.allowed = &allowed; local_xpd.auditallow = &auditallow; local_xpd.dontaudit = &dontaudit; xpd = avc_xperms_decision_lookup(driver, xp_node); if (unlikely(!xpd)) { /* * Compute the extended_perms_decision only if the driver * is flagged */ if (!security_xperm_test(xp_node->xp.drivers.p, driver)) { avd.allowed &= ~requested; goto decision; } rcu_read_unlock(); security_compute_xperms_decision(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, driver, &local_xpd); rcu_read_lock(); avc_update_node(state->avc, AVC_CALLBACK_ADD_XPERMS, requested, driver, xperm, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd.seqno, &local_xpd, 0); } else { avc_quick_copy_xperms_decision(xperm, &local_xpd, xpd); } xpd = &local_xpd; if (!avc_xperms_has_perm(xpd, xperm, XPERMS_ALLOWED)) avd.allowed &= ~requested; decision: denied = requested & ~(avd.allowed); if (unlikely(denied)) rc = avc_denied(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, driver, xperm, AVC_EXTENDED_PERMS, &avd); rcu_read_unlock(); rc2 = avc_xperms_audit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, &avd, xpd, xperm, rc, ad); if (rc2) return rc2; return rc; } /** * avc_has_perm_noaudit - Check permissions but perform no auditing. * @ssid: source security identifier * @tsid: target security identifier * @tclass: target security class * @requested: requested permissions, interpreted based on @tclass * @flags: AVC_STRICT, AVC_NONBLOCKING, or 0 * @avd: access vector decisions * * Check the AVC to determine whether the @requested permissions are granted * for the SID pair (@ssid, @tsid), interpreting the permissions * based on @tclass, and call the security server on a cache miss to obtain * a new decision and add it to the cache. Return a copy of the decisions * in @avd. Return %0 if all @requested permissions are granted, * -%EACCES if any permissions are denied, or another -errno upon * other errors. This function is typically called by avc_has_perm(), * but may also be called directly to separate permission checking from * auditing, e.g. in cases where a lock must be held for the check but * should be released for the auditing. */ inline int avc_has_perm_noaudit(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, unsigned int flags, struct av_decision *avd) { struct avc_node *node; struct avc_xperms_node xp_node; int rc = 0; u32 denied; if (WARN_ON(!requested)) return -EACCES; rcu_read_lock(); node = avc_lookup(state->avc, ssid, tsid, tclass); if (unlikely(!node)) node = avc_compute_av(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd, &xp_node); else memcpy(avd, &node->ae.avd, sizeof(*avd)); denied = requested & ~(avd->allowed); if (unlikely(denied)) rc = avc_denied(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, 0, 0, flags, avd); rcu_read_unlock(); return rc; } /** * avc_has_perm - Check permissions and perform any appropriate auditing. * @ssid: source security identifier * @tsid: target security identifier * @tclass: target security class * @requested: requested permissions, interpreted based on @tclass * @auditdata: auxiliary audit data * * Check the AVC to determine whether the @requested permissions are granted * for the SID pair (@ssid, @tsid), interpreting the permissions * based on @tclass, and call the security server on a cache miss to obtain * a new decision and add it to the cache. Audit the granting or denial of * permissions in accordance with the policy. Return %0 if all @requested * permissions are granted, -%EACCES if any permissions are denied, or * another -errno upon other errors. */ int avc_has_perm(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, struct common_audit_data *auditdata) { struct av_decision avd; int rc, rc2; rc = avc_has_perm_noaudit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, 0, &avd); rc2 = avc_audit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, &avd, rc, auditdata, 0); if (rc2) return rc2; return rc; } int avc_has_perm_flags(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, struct common_audit_data *auditdata, int flags) { struct av_decision avd; int rc, rc2; rc = avc_has_perm_noaudit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, (flags & MAY_NOT_BLOCK) ? AVC_NONBLOCKING : 0, &avd); rc2 = avc_audit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, &avd, rc, auditdata, flags); if (rc2) return rc2; return rc; } u32 avc_policy_seqno(struct selinux_state *state) { return state->avc->avc_cache.latest_notif; } void avc_disable(void) { /* * If you are looking at this because you have realized that we are * not destroying the avc_node_cachep it might be easy to fix, but * I don't know the memory barrier semantics well enough to know. It's * possible that some other task dereferenced security_ops when * it still pointed to selinux operations. If that is the case it's * possible that it is about to use the avc and is about to need the * avc_node_cachep. I know I could wrap the security.c security_ops call * in an rcu_lock, but seriously, it's not worth it. Instead I just flush * the cache and get that memory back. */ if (avc_node_cachep) { avc_flush(selinux_state.avc); /* kmem_cache_destroy(avc_node_cachep); */ } }
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* rwsem.h: R/W semaphores, public interface * * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com). * Derived from asm-i386/semaphore.h */ #ifndef _LINUX_RWSEM_H #define _LINUX_RWSEM_H #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/err.h> #ifdef CONFIG_RWSEM_SPIN_ON_OWNER #include <linux/osq_lock.h> #endif /* * For an uncontended rwsem, count and owner are the only fields a task * needs to touch when acquiring the rwsem. So they are put next to each * other to increase the chance that they will share the same cacheline. * * In a contended rwsem, the owner is likely the most frequently accessed * field in the structure as the optimistic waiter that holds the osq lock * will spin on owner. For an embedded rwsem, other hot fields in the * containing structure should be moved further away from the rwsem to * reduce the chance that they will share the same cacheline causing * cacheline bouncing problem. */ struct rw_semaphore { atomic_long_t count; /* * Write owner or one of the read owners as well flags regarding * the current state of the rwsem. Can be used as a speculative * check to see if the write owner is running on the cpu. */ atomic_long_t owner; #ifdef CONFIG_RWSEM_SPIN_ON_OWNER struct optimistic_spin_queue osq; /* spinner MCS lock */ #endif raw_spinlock_t wait_lock; struct list_head wait_list; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_RWSEMS void *magic; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC struct lockdep_map dep_map; #endif }; /* In all implementations count != 0 means locked */ static inline int rwsem_is_locked(struct rw_semaphore *sem) { return atomic_long_read(&sem->count) != 0; } #define RWSEM_UNLOCKED_VALUE 0L #define __RWSEM_COUNT_INIT(name) .count = ATOMIC_LONG_INIT(RWSEM_UNLOCKED_VALUE) /* Common initializer macros and functions */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC # define __RWSEM_DEP_MAP_INIT(lockname) \ .dep_map = { \ .name = #lockname, \ .wait_type_inner = LD_WAIT_SLEEP, \ }, #else # define __RWSEM_DEP_MAP_INIT(lockname) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_RWSEMS # define __RWSEM_DEBUG_INIT(lockname) .magic = &lockname, #else # define __RWSEM_DEBUG_INIT(lockname) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_RWSEM_SPIN_ON_OWNER #define __RWSEM_OPT_INIT(lockname) .osq = OSQ_LOCK_UNLOCKED, #else #define __RWSEM_OPT_INIT(lockname) #endif #define __RWSEM_INITIALIZER(name) \ { __RWSEM_COUNT_INIT(name), \ .owner = ATOMIC_LONG_INIT(0), \ __RWSEM_OPT_INIT(name) \ .wait_lock = __RAW_SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(name.wait_lock),\ .wait_list = LIST_HEAD_INIT((name).wait_list), \ __RWSEM_DEBUG_INIT(name) \ __RWSEM_DEP_MAP_INIT(name) } #define DECLARE_RWSEM(name) \ struct rw_semaphore name = __RWSEM_INITIALIZER(name) extern void __init_rwsem(struct rw_semaphore *sem, const char *name, struct lock_class_key *key); #define init_rwsem(sem) \ do { \ static struct lock_class_key __key; \ \ __init_rwsem((sem), #sem, &__key); \ } while (0) /* * This is the same regardless of which rwsem implementation that is being used. * It is just a heuristic meant to be called by somebody alreadying holding the * rwsem to see if somebody from an incompatible type is wanting access to the * lock. */ static inline int rwsem_is_contended(struct rw_semaphore *sem) { return !list_empty(&sem->wait_list); } /* * lock for reading */ extern void down_read(struct rw_semaphore *sem); extern int __must_check down_read_interruptible(struct rw_semaphore *sem); extern int __must_check down_read_killable(struct rw_semaphore *sem); /* * trylock for reading -- returns 1 if successful, 0 if contention */ extern int down_read_trylock(struct rw_semaphore *sem); /* * lock for writing */ extern void down_write(struct rw_semaphore *sem); extern int __must_check down_write_killable(struct rw_semaphore *sem); /* * trylock for writing -- returns 1 if successful, 0 if contention */ extern int down_write_trylock(struct rw_semaphore *sem); /* * release a read lock */ extern void up_read(struct rw_semaphore *sem); /* * release a write lock */ extern void up_write(struct rw_semaphore *sem); /* * downgrade write lock to read lock */ extern void downgrade_write(struct rw_semaphore *sem); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC /* * nested locking. NOTE: rwsems are not allowed to recurse * (which occurs if the same task tries to acquire the same * lock instance multiple times), but multiple locks of the * same lock class might be taken, if the order of the locks * is always the same. This ordering rule can be expressed * to lockdep via the _nested() APIs, but enumerating the * subclasses that are used. (If the nesting relationship is * static then another method for expressing nested locking is * the explicit definition of lock class keys and the use of * lockdep_set_class() at lock initialization time. * See Documentation/locking/lockdep-design.rst for more details.) */ extern void down_read_nested(struct rw_semaphore *sem, int subclass); extern int __must_check down_read_killable_nested(struct rw_semaphore *sem, int subclass); extern void down_write_nested(struct rw_semaphore *sem, int subclass); extern int down_write_killable_nested(struct rw_semaphore *sem, int subclass); extern void _down_write_nest_lock(struct rw_semaphore *sem, struct lockdep_map *nest_lock); # define down_write_nest_lock(sem, nest_lock) \ do { \ typecheck(struct lockdep_map *, &(nest_lock)->dep_map); \ _down_write_nest_lock(sem, &(nest_lock)->dep_map); \ } while (0); /* * Take/release a lock when not the owner will release it. * * [ This API should be avoided as much as possible - the * proper abstraction for this case is completions. ] */ extern void down_read_non_owner(struct rw_semaphore *sem); extern void up_read_non_owner(struct rw_semaphore *sem); #else # define down_read_nested(sem, subclass) down_read(sem) # define down_read_killable_nested(sem, subclass) down_read_killable(sem) # define down_write_nest_lock(sem, nest_lock) down_write(sem) # define down_write_nested(sem, subclass) down_write(sem) # define down_write_killable_nested(sem, subclass) down_write_killable(sem) # define down_read_non_owner(sem) down_read(sem) # define up_read_non_owner(sem) up_read(sem) #endif #endif /* _LINUX_RWSEM_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ #ifndef _NET_ETHTOOL_NETLINK_H #define _NET_ETHTOOL_NETLINK_H #include <linux/ethtool_netlink.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <net/genetlink.h> #include <net/sock.h> struct ethnl_req_info; int ethnl_parse_header_dev_get(struct ethnl_req_info *req_info, const struct nlattr *nest, struct net *net, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack, bool require_dev); int ethnl_fill_reply_header(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, u16 attrtype); struct sk_buff *ethnl_reply_init(size_t payload, struct net_device *dev, u8 cmd, u16 hdr_attrtype, struct genl_info *info, void **ehdrp); void *ethnl_dump_put(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb, u8 cmd); void *ethnl_bcastmsg_put(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 cmd); int ethnl_multicast(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev); /** * ethnl_strz_size() - calculate attribute length for fixed size string * @s: ETH_GSTRING_LEN sized string (may not be null terminated) * * Return: total length of an attribute with null terminated string from @s */ static inline int ethnl_strz_size(const char *s) { return nla_total_size(strnlen(s, ETH_GSTRING_LEN) + 1); } /** * ethnl_put_strz() - put string attribute with fixed size string * @skb: skb with the message * @attrype: attribute type * @s: ETH_GSTRING_LEN sized string (may not be null terminated) * * Puts an attribute with null terminated string from @s into the message. * * Return: 0 on success, negative error code on failure */ static inline int ethnl_put_strz(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 attrtype, const char *s) { unsigned int len = strnlen(s, ETH_GSTRING_LEN); struct nlattr *attr; attr = nla_reserve(skb, attrtype, len + 1); if (!attr) return -EMSGSIZE; memcpy(nla_data(attr), s, len); ((char *)nla_data(attr))[len] = '\0'; return 0; } /** * ethnl_update_u32() - update u32 value from NLA_U32 attribute * @dst: value to update * @attr: netlink attribute with new value or null * @mod: pointer to bool for modification tracking * * Copy the u32 value from NLA_U32 netlink attribute @attr into variable * pointed to by @dst; do nothing if @attr is null. Bool pointed to by @mod * is set to true if this function changed the value of *dst, otherwise it * is left as is. */ static inline void ethnl_update_u32(u32 *dst, const struct nlattr *attr, bool *mod) { u32 val; if (!attr) return; val = nla_get_u32(attr); if (*dst == val) return; *dst = val; *mod = true; } /** * ethnl_update_u8() - update u8 value from NLA_U8 attribute * @dst: value to update * @attr: netlink attribute with new value or null * @mod: pointer to bool for modification tracking * * Copy the u8 value from NLA_U8 netlink attribute @attr into variable * pointed to by @dst; do nothing if @attr is null. Bool pointed to by @mod * is set to true if this function changed the value of *dst, otherwise it * is left as is. */ static inline void ethnl_update_u8(u8 *dst, const struct nlattr *attr, bool *mod) { u8 val; if (!attr) return; val = nla_get_u8(attr); if (*dst == val) return; *dst = val; *mod = true; } /** * ethnl_update_bool32() - update u32 used as bool from NLA_U8 attribute * @dst: value to update * @attr: netlink attribute with new value or null * @mod: pointer to bool for modification tracking * * Use the u8 value from NLA_U8 netlink attribute @attr to set u32 variable * pointed to by @dst to 0 (if zero) or 1 (if not); do nothing if @attr is * null. Bool pointed to by @mod is set to true if this function changed the * logical value of *dst, otherwise it is left as is. */ static inline void ethnl_update_bool32(u32 *dst, const struct nlattr *attr, bool *mod) { u8 val; if (!attr) return; val = !!nla_get_u8(attr); if (!!*dst == val) return; *dst = val; *mod = true; } /** * ethnl_update_binary() - update binary data from NLA_BINARY atribute * @dst: value to update * @len: destination buffer length * @attr: netlink attribute with new value or null * @mod: pointer to bool for modification tracking * * Use the u8 value from NLA_U8 netlink attribute @attr to rewrite data block * of length @len at @dst by attribute payload; do nothing if @attr is null. * Bool pointed to by @mod is set to true if this function changed the logical * value of *dst, otherwise it is left as is. */ static inline void ethnl_update_binary(void *dst, unsigned int len, const struct nlattr *attr, bool *mod) { if (!attr) return; if (nla_len(attr) < len) len = nla_len(attr); if (!memcmp(dst, nla_data(attr), len)) return; memcpy(dst, nla_data(attr), len); *mod = true; } /** * ethnl_update_bitfield32() - update u32 value from NLA_BITFIELD32 attribute * @dst: value to update * @attr: netlink attribute with new value or null * @mod: pointer to bool for modification tracking * * Update bits in u32 value which are set in attribute's mask to values from * attribute's value. Do nothing if @attr is null or the value wouldn't change; * otherwise, set bool pointed to by @mod to true. */ static inline void ethnl_update_bitfield32(u32 *dst, const struct nlattr *attr, bool *mod) { struct nla_bitfield32 change; u32 newval; if (!attr) return; change = nla_get_bitfield32(attr); newval = (*dst & ~change.selector) | (change.value & change.selector); if (*dst == newval) return; *dst = newval; *mod = true; } /** * ethnl_reply_header_size() - total size of reply header * * This is an upper estimate so that we do not need to hold RTNL lock longer * than necessary (to prevent rename between size estimate and composing the * message). Accounts only for device ifindex and name as those are the only * attributes ethnl_fill_reply_header() puts into the reply header. */ static inline unsigned int ethnl_reply_header_size(void) { return nla_total_size(nla_total_size(sizeof(u32)) + nla_total_size(IFNAMSIZ)); } /* GET request handling */ /* Unified processing of GET requests uses two data structures: request info * and reply data. Request info holds information parsed from client request * and its stays constant through all request processing. Reply data holds data * retrieved from ethtool_ops callbacks or other internal sources which is used * to compose the reply. When processing a dump request, request info is filled * only once (when the request message is parsed) but reply data is filled for * each reply message. * * Both structures consist of part common for all request types (struct * ethnl_req_info and struct ethnl_reply_data defined below) and optional * parts specific for each request type. Common part always starts at offset 0. */ /** * struct ethnl_req_info - base type of request information for GET requests * @dev: network device the request is for (may be null) * @flags: request flags common for all request types * * This is a common base for request specific structures holding data from * parsed userspace request. These always embed struct ethnl_req_info at * zero offset. */ struct ethnl_req_info { struct net_device *dev; u32 flags; }; /** * struct ethnl_reply_data - base type of reply data for GET requests * @dev: device for current reply message; in single shot requests it is * equal to &ethnl_req_info.dev; in dumps it's different for each * reply message * * This is a common base for request specific structures holding data for * kernel reply message. These always embed struct ethnl_reply_data at zero * offset. */ struct ethnl_reply_data { struct net_device *dev; }; static inline int ethnl_ops_begin(struct net_device *dev) { if (dev && dev->reg_state == NETREG_UNREGISTERING) return -ENODEV; if (dev && dev->ethtool_ops->begin) return dev->ethtool_ops->begin(dev); else return 0; } static inline void ethnl_ops_complete(struct net_device *dev) { if (dev && dev->ethtool_ops->complete) dev->ethtool_ops->complete(dev); } /** * struct ethnl_request_ops - unified handling of GET requests * @request_cmd: command id for request (GET) * @reply_cmd: command id for reply (GET_REPLY) * @hdr_attr: attribute type for request header * @req_info_size: size of request info * @reply_data_size: size of reply data * @allow_nodev_do: allow non-dump request with no device identification * @parse_request: * Parse request except common header (struct ethnl_req_info). Common * header is already filled on entry, the rest up to @repdata_offset * is zero initialized. This callback should only modify type specific * request info by parsed attributes from request message. * @prepare_data: * Retrieve and prepare data needed to compose a reply message. Calls to * ethtool_ops handlers are limited to this callback. Common reply data * (struct ethnl_reply_data) is filled on entry, type specific part after * it is zero initialized. This callback should only modify the type * specific part of reply data. Device identification from struct * ethnl_reply_data is to be used as for dump requests, it iterates * through network devices while dev member of struct ethnl_req_info * points to the device from client request. * @reply_size: * Estimate reply message size. Returned value must be sufficient for * message payload without common reply header. The callback may returned * estimate higher than actual message size if exact calculation would * not be worth the saved memory space. * @fill_reply: * Fill reply message payload (except for common header) from reply data. * The callback must not generate more payload than previously called * ->reply_size() estimated. * @cleanup_data: * Optional cleanup called when reply data is no longer needed. Can be * used e.g. to free any additional data structures outside the main * structure which were allocated by ->prepare_data(). When processing * dump requests, ->cleanup() is called for each message. * * Description of variable parts of GET request handling when using the * unified infrastructure. When used, a pointer to an instance of this * structure is to be added to &ethnl_default_requests array and generic * handlers ethnl_default_doit(), ethnl_default_dumpit(), * ethnl_default_start() and ethnl_default_done() used in @ethtool_genl_ops; * ethnl_default_notify() can be used in @ethnl_notify_handlers to send * notifications of the corresponding type. */ struct ethnl_request_ops { u8 request_cmd; u8 reply_cmd; u16 hdr_attr; unsigned int req_info_size; unsigned int reply_data_size; bool allow_nodev_do; int (*parse_request)(struct ethnl_req_info *req_info, struct nlattr **tb, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int (*prepare_data)(const struct ethnl_req_info *req_info, struct ethnl_reply_data *reply_data, struct genl_info *info); int (*reply_size)(const struct ethnl_req_info *req_info, const struct ethnl_reply_data *reply_data); int (*fill_reply)(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct ethnl_req_info *req_info, const struct ethnl_reply_data *reply_data); void (*cleanup_data)(struct ethnl_reply_data *reply_data); }; /* request handlers */ extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_strset_request_ops; extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_linkinfo_request_ops; extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_linkmodes_request_ops; extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_linkstate_request_ops; extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_debug_request_ops; extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_wol_request_ops; extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_features_request_ops; extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_privflags_request_ops; extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_rings_request_ops; extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_channels_request_ops; extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_coalesce_request_ops; extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_pause_request_ops; extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_eee_request_ops; extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_tsinfo_request_ops; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_header_policy[ETHTOOL_A_HEADER_FLAGS + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_header_policy_stats[ETHTOOL_A_HEADER_FLAGS + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_strset_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_STRSET_COUNTS_ONLY + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_linkinfo_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_LINKINFO_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_linkinfo_set_policy[ETHTOOL_A_LINKINFO_TP_MDIX_CTRL + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_linkmodes_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_LINKMODES_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_linkmodes_set_policy[ETHTOOL_A_LINKMODES_MASTER_SLAVE_CFG + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_linkstate_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_LINKSTATE_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_debug_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_DEBUG_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_debug_set_policy[ETHTOOL_A_DEBUG_MSGMASK + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_wol_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_WOL_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_wol_set_policy[ETHTOOL_A_WOL_SOPASS + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_features_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_FEATURES_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_features_set_policy[ETHTOOL_A_FEATURES_WANTED + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_privflags_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_PRIVFLAGS_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_privflags_set_policy[ETHTOOL_A_PRIVFLAGS_FLAGS + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_rings_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_RINGS_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_rings_set_policy[ETHTOOL_A_RINGS_TX + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_channels_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_CHANNELS_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_channels_set_policy[ETHTOOL_A_CHANNELS_COMBINED_COUNT + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_coalesce_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_COALESCE_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_coalesce_set_policy[ETHTOOL_A_COALESCE_RATE_SAMPLE_INTERVAL + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_pause_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_PAUSE_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_pause_set_policy[ETHTOOL_A_PAUSE_TX + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_eee_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_EEE_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_eee_set_policy[ETHTOOL_A_EEE_TX_LPI_TIMER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_tsinfo_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_TSINFO_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_cable_test_act_policy[ETHTOOL_A_CABLE_TEST_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_cable_test_tdr_act_policy[ETHTOOL_A_CABLE_TEST_TDR_CFG + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_tunnel_info_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_TUNNEL_INFO_HEADER + 1]; int ethnl_set_linkinfo(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_set_linkmodes(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_set_debug(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_set_wol(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_set_features(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_set_privflags(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_set_rings(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_set_channels(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_set_coalesce(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_set_pause(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_set_eee(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_act_cable_test(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_act_cable_test_tdr(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_tunnel_info_doit(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_tunnel_info_start(struct netlink_callback *cb); int ethnl_tunnel_info_dumpit(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb); #endif /* _NET_ETHTOOL_NETLINK_H */
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_BITOPS_H #define _ASM_X86_BITOPS_H /* * Copyright 1992, Linus Torvalds. * * Note: inlines with more than a single statement should be marked * __always_inline to avoid problems with older gcc's inlining heuristics. */ #ifndef _LINUX_BITOPS_H #error only <linux/bitops.h> can be included directly #endif #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <asm/alternative.h> #include <asm/rmwcc.h> #include <asm/barrier.h> #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 # define _BITOPS_LONG_SHIFT 5 #elif BITS_PER_LONG == 64 # define _BITOPS_LONG_SHIFT 6 #else # error "Unexpected BITS_PER_LONG" #endif #define BIT_64(n) (U64_C(1) << (n)) /* * These have to be done with inline assembly: that way the bit-setting * is guaranteed to be atomic. All bit operations return 0 if the bit * was cleared before the operation and != 0 if it was not. * * bit 0 is the LSB of addr; bit 32 is the LSB of (addr+1). */ #define RLONG_ADDR(x) "m" (*(volatile long *) (x)) #define WBYTE_ADDR(x) "+m" (*(volatile char *) (x)) #define ADDR RLONG_ADDR(addr) /* * We do the locked ops that don't return the old value as * a mask operation on a byte. */ #define CONST_MASK_ADDR(nr, addr) WBYTE_ADDR((void *)(addr) + ((nr)>>3)) #define CONST_MASK(nr) (1 << ((nr) & 7)) static __always_inline void arch_set_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { if (__builtin_constant_p(nr)) { asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "orb %b1,%0" : CONST_MASK_ADDR(nr, addr) : "iq" (CONST_MASK(nr)) : "memory"); } else { asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX __ASM_SIZE(bts) " %1,%0" : : RLONG_ADDR(addr), "Ir" (nr) : "memory"); } } static __always_inline void arch___set_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { asm volatile(__ASM_SIZE(bts) " %1,%0" : : ADDR, "Ir" (nr) : "memory"); } static __always_inline void arch_clear_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { if (__builtin_constant_p(nr)) { asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "andb %b1,%0" : CONST_MASK_ADDR(nr, addr) : "iq" (~CONST_MASK(nr))); } else { asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX __ASM_SIZE(btr) " %1,%0" : : RLONG_ADDR(addr), "Ir" (nr) : "memory"); } } static __always_inline void arch_clear_bit_unlock(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { barrier(); arch_clear_bit(nr, addr); } static __always_inline void arch___clear_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { asm volatile(__ASM_SIZE(btr) " %1,%0" : : ADDR, "Ir" (nr) : "memory"); } static __always_inline bool arch_clear_bit_unlock_is_negative_byte(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { bool negative; asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "andb %2,%1" CC_SET(s) : CC_OUT(s) (negative), WBYTE_ADDR(addr) : "ir" ((char) ~(1 << nr)) : "memory"); return negative; } #define arch_clear_bit_unlock_is_negative_byte \ arch_clear_bit_unlock_is_negative_byte static __always_inline void arch___clear_bit_unlock(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { arch___clear_bit(nr, addr); } static __always_inline void arch___change_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { asm volatile(__ASM_SIZE(btc) " %1,%0" : : ADDR, "Ir" (nr) : "memory"); } static __always_inline void arch_change_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { if (__builtin_constant_p(nr)) { asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "xorb %b1,%0" : CONST_MASK_ADDR(nr, addr) : "iq" (CONST_MASK(nr))); } else { asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX __ASM_SIZE(btc) " %1,%0" : : RLONG_ADDR(addr), "Ir" (nr) : "memory"); } } static __always_inline bool arch_test_and_set_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { return GEN_BINARY_RMWcc(LOCK_PREFIX __ASM_SIZE(bts), *addr, c, "Ir", nr); } static __always_inline bool arch_test_and_set_bit_lock(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { return arch_test_and_set_bit(nr, addr); } static __always_inline bool arch___test_and_set_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { bool oldbit; asm(__ASM_SIZE(bts) " %2,%1" CC_SET(c) : CC_OUT(c) (oldbit) : ADDR, "Ir" (nr) : "memory"); return oldbit; } static __always_inline bool arch_test_and_clear_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { return GEN_BINARY_RMWcc(LOCK_PREFIX __ASM_SIZE(btr), *addr, c, "Ir", nr); } /* * Note: the operation is performed atomically with respect to * the local CPU, but not other CPUs. Portable code should not * rely on this behaviour. * KVM relies on this behaviour on x86 for modifying memory that is also * accessed from a hypervisor on the same CPU if running in a VM: don't change * this without also updating arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c */ static __always_inline bool arch___test_and_clear_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { bool oldbit; asm volatile(__ASM_SIZE(btr) " %2,%1" CC_SET(c) : CC_OUT(c) (oldbit) : ADDR, "Ir" (nr) : "memory"); return oldbit; } static __always_inline bool arch___test_and_change_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { bool oldbit; asm volatile(__ASM_SIZE(btc) " %2,%1" CC_SET(c) : CC_OUT(c) (oldbit) : ADDR, "Ir" (nr) : "memory"); return oldbit; } static __always_inline bool arch_test_and_change_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { return GEN_BINARY_RMWcc(LOCK_PREFIX __ASM_SIZE(btc), *addr, c, "Ir", nr); } static __always_inline bool constant_test_bit(long nr, const volatile unsigned long *addr) { return ((1UL << (nr & (BITS_PER_LONG-1))) & (addr[nr >> _BITOPS_LONG_SHIFT])) != 0; } static __always_inline bool variable_test_bit(long nr, volatile const unsigned long *addr) { bool oldbit; asm volatile(__ASM_SIZE(bt) " %2,%1" CC_SET(c) : CC_OUT(c) (oldbit) : "m" (*(unsigned long *)addr), "Ir" (nr) : "memory"); return oldbit; } #define arch_test_bit(nr, addr) \ (__builtin_constant_p((nr)) \ ? constant_test_bit((nr), (addr)) \ : variable_test_bit((nr), (addr))) /** * __ffs - find first set bit in word * @word: The word to search * * Undefined if no bit exists, so code should check against 0 first. */ static __always_inline unsigned long __ffs(unsigned long word) { asm("rep; bsf %1,%0" : "=r" (word) : "rm" (word)); return word; } /** * ffz - find first zero bit in word * @word: The word to search * * Undefined if no zero exists, so code should check against ~0UL first. */ static __always_inline unsigned long ffz(unsigned long word) { asm("rep; bsf %1,%0" : "=r" (word) : "r" (~word)); return word; } /* * __fls: find last set bit in word * @word: The word to search * * Undefined if no set bit exists, so code should check against 0 first. */ static __always_inline unsigned long __fls(unsigned long word) { asm("bsr %1,%0" : "=r" (word) : "rm" (word)); return word; } #undef ADDR #ifdef __KERNEL__ /** * ffs - find first set bit in word * @x: the word to search * * This is defined the same way as the libc and compiler builtin ffs * routines, therefore differs in spirit from the other bitops. * * ffs(value) returns 0 if value is 0 or the position of the first * set bit if value is nonzero. The first (least significant) bit * is at position 1. */ static __always_inline int ffs(int x) { int r; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 /* * AMD64 says BSFL won't clobber the dest reg if x==0; Intel64 says the * dest reg is undefined if x==0, but their CPU architect says its * value is written to set it to the same as before, except that the * top 32 bits will be cleared. * * We cannot do this on 32 bits because at the very least some * 486 CPUs did not behave this way. */ asm("bsfl %1,%0" : "=r" (r) : "rm" (x), "0" (-1)); #elif defined(CONFIG_X86_CMOV) asm("bsfl %1,%0\n\t" "cmovzl %2,%0" : "=&r" (r) : "rm" (x), "r" (-1)); #else asm("bsfl %1,%0\n\t" "jnz 1f\n\t" "movl $-1,%0\n" "1:" : "=r" (r) : "rm" (x)); #endif return r + 1; } /** * fls - find last set bit in word * @x: the word to search * * This is defined in a similar way as the libc and compiler builtin * ffs, but returns the position of the most significant set bit. * * fls(value) returns 0 if value is 0 or the position of the last * set bit if value is nonzero. The last (most significant) bit is * at position 32. */ static __always_inline int fls(unsigned int x) { int r; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 /* * AMD64 says BSRL won't clobber the dest reg if x==0; Intel64 says the * dest reg is undefined if x==0, but their CPU architect says its * value is written to set it to the same as before, except that the * top 32 bits will be cleared. * * We cannot do this on 32 bits because at the very least some * 486 CPUs did not behave this way. */ asm("bsrl %1,%0" : "=r" (r) : "rm" (x), "0" (-1)); #elif defined(CONFIG_X86_CMOV) asm("bsrl %1,%0\n\t" "cmovzl %2,%0" : "=&r" (r) : "rm" (x), "rm" (-1)); #else asm("bsrl %1,%0\n\t" "jnz 1f\n\t" "movl $-1,%0\n" "1:" : "=r" (r) : "rm" (x)); #endif return r + 1; } /** * fls64 - find last set bit in a 64-bit word * @x: the word to search * * This is defined in a similar way as the libc and compiler builtin * ffsll, but returns the position of the most significant set bit. * * fls64(value) returns 0 if value is 0 or the position of the last * set bit if value is nonzero. The last (most significant) bit is * at position 64. */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 static __always_inline int fls64(__u64 x) { int bitpos = -1; /* * AMD64 says BSRQ won't clobber the dest reg if x==0; Intel64 says the * dest reg is undefined if x==0, but their CPU architect says its * value is written to set it to the same as before. */ asm("bsrq %1,%q0" : "+r" (bitpos) : "rm" (x)); return bitpos + 1; } #else #include <asm-generic/bitops/fls64.h> #endif #include <asm-generic/bitops/find.h> #include <asm-generic/bitops/sched.h> #include <asm/arch_hweight.h> #include <asm-generic/bitops/const_hweight.h> #include <asm-generic/bitops/instrumented-atomic.h> #include <asm-generic/bitops/instrumented-non-atomic.h> #include <asm-generic/bitops/instrumented-lock.h> #include <asm-generic/bitops/le.h> #include <asm-generic/bitops/ext2-atomic-setbit.h> #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_BITOPS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * acpi_bus.h - ACPI Bus Driver ($Revision: 22 $) * * Copyright (C) 2001, 2002 Andy Grover <andrew.grover@intel.com> * Copyright (C) 2001, 2002 Paul Diefenbaugh <paul.s.diefenbaugh@intel.com> */ #ifndef __ACPI_BUS_H__ #define __ACPI_BUS_H__ #include <linux/device.h> #include <linux/property.h> /* TBD: Make dynamic */ #define ACPI_MAX_HANDLES 10 struct acpi_handle_list { u32 count; acpi_handle handles[ACPI_MAX_HANDLES]; }; /* acpi_utils.h */ acpi_status acpi_extract_package(union acpi_object *package, struct acpi_buffer *format, struct acpi_buffer *buffer); acpi_status acpi_evaluate_integer(acpi_handle handle, acpi_string pathname, struct acpi_object_list *arguments, unsigned long long *data); acpi_status acpi_evaluate_reference(acpi_handle handle, acpi_string pathname, struct acpi_object_list *arguments, struct acpi_handle_list *list); acpi_status acpi_evaluate_ost(acpi_handle handle, u32 source_event, u32 status_code, struct acpi_buffer *status_buf); acpi_status acpi_get_physical_device_location(acpi_handle handle, struct acpi_pld_info **pld); bool acpi_has_method(acpi_handle handle, char *name); acpi_status acpi_execute_simple_method(acpi_handle handle, char *method, u64 arg); acpi_status acpi_evaluate_ej0(acpi_handle handle); acpi_status acpi_evaluate_lck(acpi_handle handle, int lock); acpi_status acpi_evaluate_reg(acpi_handle handle, u8 space_id, u32 function); bool acpi_ata_match(acpi_handle handle); bool acpi_bay_match(acpi_handle handle); bool acpi_dock_match(acpi_handle handle); bool acpi_check_dsm(acpi_handle handle, const guid_t *guid, u64 rev, u64 funcs); union acpi_object *acpi_evaluate_dsm(acpi_handle handle, const guid_t *guid, u64 rev, u64 func, union acpi_object *argv4); static inline union acpi_object * acpi_evaluate_dsm_typed(acpi_handle handle, const guid_t *guid, u64 rev, u64 func, union acpi_object *argv4, acpi_object_type type) { union acpi_object *obj; obj = acpi_evaluate_dsm(handle, guid, rev, func, argv4); if (obj && obj->type != type) { ACPI_FREE(obj); obj = NULL; } return obj; } #define ACPI_INIT_DSM_ARGV4(cnt, eles) \ { \ .package.type = ACPI_TYPE_PACKAGE, \ .package.count = (cnt), \ .package.elements = (eles) \ } bool acpi_dev_found(const char *hid); bool acpi_dev_present(const char *hid, const char *uid, s64 hrv); #ifdef CONFIG_ACPI struct proc_dir_entry; #define ACPI_BUS_FILE_ROOT "acpi" extern struct proc_dir_entry *acpi_root_dir; enum acpi_bus_device_type { ACPI_BUS_TYPE_DEVICE = 0, ACPI_BUS_TYPE_POWER, ACPI_BUS_TYPE_PROCESSOR, ACPI_BUS_TYPE_THERMAL, ACPI_BUS_TYPE_POWER_BUTTON, ACPI_BUS_TYPE_SLEEP_BUTTON, ACPI_BUS_TYPE_ECDT_EC, ACPI_BUS_DEVICE_TYPE_COUNT }; struct acpi_driver; struct acpi_device; /* * ACPI Scan Handler * ----------------- */ struct acpi_hotplug_profile { struct kobject kobj; int (*scan_dependent)(struct acpi_device *adev); void (*notify_online)(struct acpi_device *adev); bool enabled:1; bool demand_offline:1; }; static inline struct acpi_hotplug_profile *to_acpi_hotplug_profile( struct kobject *kobj) { return container_of(kobj, struct acpi_hotplug_profile, kobj); } struct acpi_scan_handler { const struct acpi_device_id *ids; struct list_head list_node; bool (*match)(const char *idstr, const struct acpi_device_id **matchid); int (*attach)(struct acpi_device *dev, const struct acpi_device_id *id); void (*detach)(struct acpi_device *dev); void (*bind)(struct device *phys_dev); void (*unbind)(struct device *phys_dev); struct acpi_hotplug_profile hotplug; }; /* * ACPI Hotplug Context * -------------------- */ struct acpi_hotplug_context { struct acpi_device *self; int (*notify)(struct acpi_device *, u32); void (*uevent)(struct acpi_device *, u32); void (*fixup)(struct acpi_device *); }; /* * ACPI Driver * ----------- */ typedef int (*acpi_op_add) (struct acpi_device * device); typedef int (*acpi_op_remove) (struct acpi_device * device); typedef void (*acpi_op_notify) (struct acpi_device * device, u32 event); struct acpi_device_ops { acpi_op_add add; acpi_op_remove remove; acpi_op_notify notify; }; #define ACPI_DRIVER_ALL_NOTIFY_EVENTS 0x1 /* system AND device events */ struct acpi_driver { char name[80]; char class[80]; const struct acpi_device_id *ids; /* Supported Hardware IDs */ unsigned int flags; struct acpi_device_ops ops; struct device_driver drv; struct module *owner; }; /* * ACPI Device * ----------- */ /* Status (_STA) */ struct acpi_device_status { u32 present:1; u32 enabled:1; u32 show_in_ui:1; u32 functional:1; u32 battery_present:1; u32 reserved:27; }; /* Flags */ struct acpi_device_flags { u32 dynamic_status:1; u32 removable:1; u32 ejectable:1; u32 power_manageable:1; u32 match_driver:1; u32 initialized:1; u32 visited:1; u32 hotplug_notify:1; u32 is_dock_station:1; u32 of_compatible_ok:1; u32 coherent_dma:1; u32 cca_seen:1; u32 enumeration_by_parent:1; u32 reserved:19; }; /* File System */ struct acpi_device_dir { struct proc_dir_entry *entry; }; #define acpi_device_dir(d) ((d)->dir.entry) /* Plug and Play */ typedef char acpi_bus_id[8]; typedef u64 acpi_bus_address; typedef char acpi_device_name[40]; typedef char acpi_device_class[20]; struct acpi_hardware_id { struct list_head list; const char *id; }; struct acpi_pnp_type { u32 hardware_id:1; u32 bus_address:1; u32 platform_id:1; u32 reserved:29; }; struct acpi_device_pnp { acpi_bus_id bus_id; /* Object name */ int instance_no; /* Instance number of this object */ struct acpi_pnp_type type; /* ID type */ acpi_bus_address bus_address; /* _ADR */ char *unique_id; /* _UID */ struct list_head ids; /* _HID and _CIDs */ acpi_device_name device_name; /* Driver-determined */ acpi_device_class device_class; /* " */ union acpi_object *str_obj; /* unicode string for _STR method */ }; #define acpi_device_bid(d) ((d)->pnp.bus_id) #define acpi_device_adr(d) ((d)->pnp.bus_address) const char *acpi_device_hid(struct acpi_device *device); #define acpi_device_uid(d) ((d)->pnp.unique_id) #define acpi_device_name(d) ((d)->pnp.device_name) #define acpi_device_class(d) ((d)->pnp.device_class) /* Power Management */ struct acpi_device_power_flags { u32 explicit_get:1; /* _PSC present? */ u32 power_resources:1; /* Power resources */ u32 inrush_current:1; /* Serialize Dx->D0 */ u32 power_removed:1; /* Optimize Dx->D0 */ u32 ignore_parent:1; /* Power is independent of parent power state */ u32 dsw_present:1; /* _DSW present? */ u32 reserved:26; }; struct acpi_device_power_state { struct { u8 valid:1; u8 explicit_set:1; /* _PSx present? */ u8 reserved:6; } flags; int power; /* % Power (compared to D0) */ int latency; /* Dx->D0 time (microseconds) */ struct list_head resources; /* Power resources referenced */ }; struct acpi_device_power { int state; /* Current state */ struct acpi_device_power_flags flags; struct acpi_device_power_state states[ACPI_D_STATE_COUNT]; /* Power states (D0-D3Cold) */ }; /* Performance Management */ struct acpi_device_perf_flags { u8 reserved:8; }; struct acpi_device_perf_state { struct { u8 valid:1; u8 reserved:7; } flags; u8 power; /* % Power (compared to P0) */ u8 performance; /* % Performance ( " ) */ int latency; /* Px->P0 time (microseconds) */ }; struct acpi_device_perf { int state; struct acpi_device_perf_flags flags; int state_count; struct acpi_device_perf_state *states; }; /* Wakeup Management */ struct acpi_device_wakeup_flags { u8 valid:1; /* Can successfully enable wakeup? */ u8 notifier_present:1; /* Wake-up notify handler has been installed */ }; struct acpi_device_wakeup_context { void (*func)(struct acpi_device_wakeup_context *context); struct device *dev; }; struct acpi_device_wakeup { acpi_handle gpe_device; u64 gpe_number; u64 sleep_state; struct list_head resources; struct acpi_device_wakeup_flags flags; struct acpi_device_wakeup_context context; struct wakeup_source *ws; int prepare_count; int enable_count; }; struct acpi_device_physical_node { unsigned int node_id; struct list_head node; struct device *dev; bool put_online:1; }; struct acpi_device_properties { const guid_t *guid; const union acpi_object *properties; struct list_head list; }; /* ACPI Device Specific Data (_DSD) */ struct acpi_device_data { const union acpi_object *pointer; struct list_head properties; const union acpi_object *of_compatible; struct list_head subnodes; }; struct acpi_gpio_mapping; /* Device */ struct acpi_device { int device_type; acpi_handle handle; /* no handle for fixed hardware */ struct fwnode_handle fwnode; struct acpi_device *parent; struct list_head children; struct list_head node; struct list_head wakeup_list; struct list_head del_list; struct acpi_device_status status; struct acpi_device_flags flags; struct acpi_device_pnp pnp; struct acpi_device_power power; struct acpi_device_wakeup wakeup; struct acpi_device_perf performance; struct acpi_device_dir dir; struct acpi_device_data data; struct acpi_scan_handler *handler; struct acpi_hotplug_context *hp; struct acpi_driver *driver; const struct acpi_gpio_mapping *driver_gpios; void *driver_data; struct device dev; unsigned int physical_node_count; unsigned int dep_unmet; struct list_head physical_node_list; struct mutex physical_node_lock; void (*remove)(struct acpi_device *); }; /* Non-device subnode */ struct acpi_data_node { const char *name; acpi_handle handle; struct fwnode_handle fwnode; struct fwnode_handle *parent; struct acpi_device_data data; struct list_head sibling; struct kobject kobj; struct completion kobj_done; }; extern const struct fwnode_operations acpi_device_fwnode_ops; extern const struct fwnode_operations acpi_data_fwnode_ops; extern const struct fwnode_operations acpi_static_fwnode_ops; bool is_acpi_device_node(const struct fwnode_handle *fwnode); bool is_acpi_data_node(const struct fwnode_handle *fwnode); static inline bool is_acpi_node(const struct fwnode_handle *fwnode) { return (is_acpi_device_node(fwnode) || is_acpi_data_node(fwnode)); } #define to_acpi_device_node(__fwnode) \ ({ \ typeof(__fwnode) __to_acpi_device_node_fwnode = __fwnode; \ \ is_acpi_device_node(__to_acpi_device_node_fwnode) ? \ container_of(__to_acpi_device_node_fwnode, \ struct acpi_device, fwnode) : \ NULL; \ }) #define to_acpi_data_node(__fwnode) \ ({ \ typeof(__fwnode) __to_acpi_data_node_fwnode = __fwnode; \ \ is_acpi_data_node(__to_acpi_data_node_fwnode) ? \ container_of(__to_acpi_data_node_fwnode, \ struct acpi_data_node, fwnode) : \ NULL; \ }) static inline bool is_acpi_static_node(const struct fwnode_handle *fwnode) { return !IS_ERR_OR_NULL(fwnode) && fwnode->ops == &acpi_static_fwnode_ops; } static inline bool acpi_data_node_match(const struct fwnode_handle *fwnode, const char *name) { return is_acpi_data_node(fwnode) ? (!strcmp(to_acpi_data_node(fwnode)->name, name)) : false; } static inline struct fwnode_handle *acpi_fwnode_handle(struct acpi_device *adev) { return &adev->fwnode; } static inline void *acpi_driver_data(struct acpi_device *d) { return d->driver_data; } #define to_acpi_device(d) container_of(d, struct acpi_device, dev) #define to_acpi_driver(d) container_of(d, struct acpi_driver, drv) static inline void acpi_set_device_status(struct acpi_device *adev, u32 sta) { *((u32 *)&adev->status) = sta; } static inline void acpi_set_hp_context(struct acpi_device *adev, struct acpi_hotplug_context *hp) { hp->self = adev; adev->hp = hp; } void acpi_initialize_hp_context(struct acpi_device *adev, struct acpi_hotplug_context *hp, int (*notify)(struct acpi_device *, u32), void (*uevent)(struct acpi_device *, u32)); /* acpi_device.dev.bus == &acpi_bus_type */ extern struct bus_type acpi_bus_type; /* * Events * ------ */ struct acpi_bus_event { struct list_head node; acpi_device_class device_class; acpi_bus_id bus_id; u32 type; u32 data; }; extern struct kobject *acpi_kobj; extern int acpi_bus_generate_netlink_event(const char*, const char*, u8, int); void acpi_bus_private_data_handler(acpi_handle, void *); int acpi_bus_get_private_data(acpi_handle, void **); int acpi_bus_attach_private_data(acpi_handle, void *); void acpi_bus_detach_private_data(acpi_handle); extern int acpi_notifier_call_chain(struct acpi_device *, u32, u32); extern int register_acpi_notifier(struct notifier_block *); extern int unregister_acpi_notifier(struct notifier_block *); /* * External Functions */ int acpi_bus_get_device(acpi_handle handle, struct acpi_device **device); struct acpi_device *acpi_bus_get_acpi_device(acpi_handle handle); void acpi_bus_put_acpi_device(struct acpi_device *adev); acpi_status acpi_bus_get_status_handle(acpi_handle handle, unsigned long long *sta); int acpi_bus_get_status(struct acpi_device *device); int acpi_bus_set_power(acpi_handle handle, int state); const char *acpi_power_state_string(int state); int acpi_device_set_power(struct acpi_device *device, int state); int acpi_bus_init_power(struct acpi_device *device); int acpi_device_fix_up_power(struct acpi_device *device); int acpi_bus_update_power(acpi_handle handle, int *state_p); int acpi_device_update_power(struct acpi_device *device, int *state_p); bool acpi_bus_power_manageable(acpi_handle handle); int acpi_device_power_add_dependent(struct acpi_device *adev, struct device *dev); void acpi_device_power_remove_dependent(struct acpi_device *adev, struct device *dev); #ifdef CONFIG_PM bool acpi_bus_can_wakeup(acpi_handle handle); #else static inline bool acpi_bus_can_wakeup(acpi_handle handle) { return false; } #endif void acpi_scan_lock_acquire(void); void acpi_scan_lock_release(void); void acpi_lock_hp_context(void); void acpi_unlock_hp_context(void); int acpi_scan_add_handler(struct acpi_scan_handler *handler); int acpi_bus_register_driver(struct acpi_driver *driver); void acpi_bus_unregister_driver(struct acpi_driver *driver); int acpi_bus_scan(acpi_handle handle); void acpi_bus_trim(struct acpi_device *start); acpi_status acpi_bus_get_ejd(acpi_handle handle, acpi_handle * ejd); int acpi_match_device_ids(struct acpi_device *device, const struct acpi_device_id *ids); void acpi_set_modalias(struct acpi_device *adev, const char *default_id, char *modalias, size_t len); int acpi_create_dir(struct acpi_device *); void acpi_remove_dir(struct acpi_device *); static inline bool acpi_device_enumerated(struct acpi_device *adev) { return adev && adev->flags.initialized && adev->flags.visited; } /** * module_acpi_driver(acpi_driver) - Helper macro for registering an ACPI driver * @__acpi_driver: acpi_driver struct * * Helper macro for ACPI drivers which do not do anything special in module * init/exit. This eliminates a lot of boilerplate. Each module may only * use this macro once, and calling it replaces module_init() and module_exit() */ #define module_acpi_driver(__acpi_driver) \ module_driver(__acpi_driver, acpi_bus_register_driver, \ acpi_bus_unregister_driver) /* * Bind physical devices with ACPI devices */ struct acpi_bus_type { struct list_head list; const char *name; bool (*match)(struct device *dev); struct acpi_device * (*find_companion)(struct device *); void (*setup)(struct device *); void (*cleanup)(struct device *); }; int register_acpi_bus_type(struct acpi_bus_type *); int unregister_acpi_bus_type(struct acpi_bus_type *); int acpi_bind_one(struct device *dev, struct acpi_device *adev); int acpi_unbind_one(struct device *dev); struct acpi_pci_root { struct acpi_device * device; struct pci_bus *bus; u16 segment; struct resource secondary; /* downstream bus range */ u32 osc_support_set; /* _OSC state of support bits */ u32 osc_control_set; /* _OSC state of control bits */ phys_addr_t mcfg_addr; }; /* helper */ bool acpi_dma_supported(struct acpi_device *adev); enum dev_dma_attr acpi_get_dma_attr(struct acpi_device *adev); int acpi_dma_get_range(struct device *dev, u64 *dma_addr, u64 *offset, u64 *size); int acpi_dma_configure_id(struct device *dev, enum dev_dma_attr attr, const u32 *input_id); static inline int acpi_dma_configure(struct device *dev, enum dev_dma_attr attr) { return acpi_dma_configure_id(dev, attr, NULL); } struct acpi_device *acpi_find_child_device(struct acpi_device *parent, u64 address, bool check_children); int acpi_is_root_bridge(acpi_handle); struct acpi_pci_root *acpi_pci_find_root(acpi_handle handle); int acpi_enable_wakeup_device_power(struct acpi_device *dev, int state); int acpi_disable_wakeup_device_power(struct acpi_device *dev); #ifdef CONFIG_X86 bool acpi_device_always_present(struct acpi_device *adev); #else static inline bool acpi_device_always_present(struct acpi_device *adev) { return false; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PM void acpi_pm_wakeup_event(struct device *dev); acpi_status acpi_add_pm_notifier(struct acpi_device *adev, struct device *dev, void (*func)(struct acpi_device_wakeup_context *context)); acpi_status acpi_remove_pm_notifier(struct acpi_device *adev); bool acpi_pm_device_can_wakeup(struct device *dev); int acpi_pm_device_sleep_state(struct device *, int *, int); int acpi_pm_set_device_wakeup(struct device *dev, bool enable); #else static inline void acpi_pm_wakeup_event(struct device *dev) { } static inline acpi_status acpi_add_pm_notifier(struct acpi_device *adev, struct device *dev, void (*func)(struct acpi_device_wakeup_context *context)) { return AE_SUPPORT; } static inline acpi_status acpi_remove_pm_notifier(struct acpi_device *adev) { return AE_SUPPORT; } static inline bool acpi_pm_device_can_wakeup(struct device *dev) { return false; } static inline int acpi_pm_device_sleep_state(struct device *d, int *p, int m) { if (p) *p = ACPI_STATE_D0; return (m >= ACPI_STATE_D0 && m <= ACPI_STATE_D3_COLD) ? m : ACPI_STATE_D0; } static inline int acpi_pm_set_device_wakeup(struct device *dev, bool enable) { return -ENODEV; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_ACPI_SYSTEM_POWER_STATES_SUPPORT bool acpi_sleep_state_supported(u8 sleep_state); #else static inline bool acpi_sleep_state_supported(u8 sleep_state) { return false; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_ACPI_SLEEP u32 acpi_target_system_state(void); #else static inline u32 acpi_target_system_state(void) { return ACPI_STATE_S0; } #endif static inline bool acpi_device_power_manageable(struct acpi_device *adev) { return adev->flags.power_manageable; } static inline bool acpi_device_can_wakeup(struct acpi_device *adev) { return adev->wakeup.flags.valid; } static inline bool acpi_device_can_poweroff(struct acpi_device *adev) { return adev->power.states[ACPI_STATE_D3_COLD].flags.valid || ((acpi_gbl_FADT.header.revision < 6) && adev->power.states[ACPI_STATE_D3_HOT].flags.explicit_set); } bool acpi_dev_hid_uid_match(struct acpi_device *adev, const char *hid2, const char *uid2); struct acpi_device * acpi_dev_get_first_match_dev(const char *hid, const char *uid, s64 hrv); static inline void acpi_dev_put(struct acpi_device *adev) { if (adev) put_device(&adev->dev); } #else /* CONFIG_ACPI */ static inline int register_acpi_bus_type(void *bus) { return 0; } static inline int unregister_acpi_bus_type(void *bus) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_ACPI */ #endif /*__ACPI_BUS_H__*/
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only #include <linux/bitmap.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/idr.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/xarray.h> /** * idr_alloc_u32() - Allocate an ID. * @idr: IDR handle. * @ptr: Pointer to be associated with the new ID. * @nextid: Pointer to an ID. * @max: The maximum ID to allocate (inclusive). * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Allocates an unused ID in the range specified by @nextid and @max. * Note that @max is inclusive whereas the @end parameter to idr_alloc() * is exclusive. The new ID is assigned to @nextid before the pointer * is inserted into the IDR, so if @nextid points into the object pointed * to by @ptr, a concurrent lookup will not find an uninitialised ID. * * The caller should provide their own locking to ensure that two * concurrent modifications to the IDR are not possible. Read-only * accesses to the IDR may be done under the RCU read lock or may * exclude simultaneous writers. * * Return: 0 if an ID was allocated, -ENOMEM if memory allocation failed, * or -ENOSPC if no free IDs could be found. If an error occurred, * @nextid is unchanged. */ int idr_alloc_u32(struct idr *idr, void *ptr, u32 *nextid, unsigned long max, gfp_t gfp) { struct radix_tree_iter iter; void __rcu **slot; unsigned int base = idr->idr_base; unsigned int id = *nextid; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!(idr->idr_rt.xa_flags & ROOT_IS_IDR))) idr->idr_rt.xa_flags |= IDR_RT_MARKER; id = (id < base) ? 0 : id - base; radix_tree_iter_init(&iter, id); slot = idr_get_free(&idr->idr_rt, &iter, gfp, max - base); if (IS_ERR(slot)) return PTR_ERR(slot); *nextid = iter.index + base; /* there is a memory barrier inside radix_tree_iter_replace() */ radix_tree_iter_replace(&idr->idr_rt, &iter, slot, ptr); radix_tree_iter_tag_clear(&idr->idr_rt, &iter, IDR_FREE); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(idr_alloc_u32); /** * idr_alloc() - Allocate an ID. * @idr: IDR handle. * @ptr: Pointer to be associated with the new ID. * @start: The minimum ID (inclusive). * @end: The maximum ID (exclusive). * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Allocates an unused ID in the range specified by @start and @end. If * @end is <= 0, it is treated as one larger than %INT_MAX. This allows * callers to use @start + N as @end as long as N is within integer range. * * The caller should provide their own locking to ensure that two * concurrent modifications to the IDR are not possible. Read-only * accesses to the IDR may be done under the RCU read lock or may * exclude simultaneous writers. * * Return: The newly allocated ID, -ENOMEM if memory allocation failed, * or -ENOSPC if no free IDs could be found. */ int idr_alloc(struct idr *idr, void *ptr, int start, int end, gfp_t gfp) { u32 id = start; int ret; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(start < 0)) return -EINVAL; ret = idr_alloc_u32(idr, ptr, &id, end > 0 ? end - 1 : INT_MAX, gfp); if (ret) return ret; return id; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(idr_alloc); /** * idr_alloc_cyclic() - Allocate an ID cyclically. * @idr: IDR handle. * @ptr: Pointer to be associated with the new ID. * @start: The minimum ID (inclusive). * @end: The maximum ID (exclusive). * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Allocates an unused ID in the range specified by @nextid and @end. If * @end is <= 0, it is treated as one larger than %INT_MAX. This allows * callers to use @start + N as @end as long as N is within integer range. * The search for an unused ID will start at the last ID allocated and will * wrap around to @start if no free IDs are found before reaching @end. * * The caller should provide their own locking to ensure that two * concurrent modifications to the IDR are not possible. Read-only * accesses to the IDR may be done under the RCU read lock or may * exclude simultaneous writers. * * Return: The newly allocated ID, -ENOMEM if memory allocation failed, * or -ENOSPC if no free IDs could be found. */ int idr_alloc_cyclic(struct idr *idr, void *ptr, int start, int end, gfp_t gfp) { u32 id = idr->idr_next; int err, max = end > 0 ? end - 1 : INT_MAX; if ((int)id < start) id = start; err = idr_alloc_u32(idr, ptr, &id, max, gfp); if ((err == -ENOSPC) && (id > start)) { id = start; err = idr_alloc_u32(idr, ptr, &id, max, gfp); } if (err) return err; idr->idr_next = id + 1; return id; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(idr_alloc_cyclic); /** * idr_remove() - Remove an ID from the IDR. * @idr: IDR handle. * @id: Pointer ID. * * Removes this ID from the IDR. If the ID was not previously in the IDR, * this function returns %NULL. * * Since this function modifies the IDR, the caller should provide their * own locking to ensure that concurrent modification of the same IDR is * not possible. * * Return: The pointer formerly associated with this ID. */ void *idr_remove(struct idr *idr, unsigned long id) { return radix_tree_delete_item(&idr->idr_rt, id - idr->idr_base, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(idr_remove); /** * idr_find() - Return pointer for given ID. * @idr: IDR handle. * @id: Pointer ID. * * Looks up the pointer associated with this ID. A %NULL pointer may * indicate that @id is not allocated or that the %NULL pointer was * associated with this ID. * * This function can be called under rcu_read_lock(), given that the leaf * pointers lifetimes are correctly managed. * * Return: The pointer associated with this ID. */ void *idr_find(const struct idr *idr, unsigned long id) { return radix_tree_lookup(&idr->idr_rt, id - idr->idr_base); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(idr_find); /** * idr_for_each() - Iterate through all stored pointers. * @idr: IDR handle. * @fn: Function to be called for each pointer. * @data: Data passed to callback function. * * The callback function will be called for each entry in @idr, passing * the ID, the entry and @data. * * If @fn returns anything other than %0, the iteration stops and that * value is returned from this function. * * idr_for_each() can be called concurrently with idr_alloc() and * idr_remove() if protected by RCU. Newly added entries may not be * seen and deleted entries may be seen, but adding and removing entries * will not cause other entries to be skipped, nor spurious ones to be seen. */ int idr_for_each(const struct idr *idr, int (*fn)(int id, void *p, void *data), void *data) { struct radix_tree_iter iter; void __rcu **slot; int base = idr->idr_base; radix_tree_for_each_slot(slot, &idr->idr_rt, &iter, 0) { int ret; unsigned long id = iter.index + base; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(id > INT_MAX)) break; ret = fn(id, rcu_dereference_raw(*slot), data); if (ret) return ret; } return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(idr_for_each); /** * idr_get_next_ul() - Find next populated entry. * @idr: IDR handle. * @nextid: Pointer to an ID. * * Returns the next populated entry in the tree with an ID greater than * or equal to the value pointed to by @nextid. On exit, @nextid is updated * to the ID of the found value. To use in a loop, the value pointed to by * nextid must be incremented by the user. */ void *idr_get_next_ul(struct idr *idr, unsigned long *nextid) { struct radix_tree_iter iter; void __rcu **slot; void *entry = NULL; unsigned long base = idr->idr_base; unsigned long id = *nextid; id = (id < base) ? 0 : id - base; radix_tree_for_each_slot(slot, &idr->idr_rt, &iter, id) { entry = rcu_dereference_raw(*slot); if (!entry) continue; if (!xa_is_internal(entry)) break; if (slot != &idr->idr_rt.xa_head && !xa_is_retry(entry)) break; slot = radix_tree_iter_retry(&iter); } if (!slot) return NULL; *nextid = iter.index + base; return entry; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(idr_get_next_ul); /** * idr_get_next() - Find next populated entry. * @idr: IDR handle. * @nextid: Pointer to an ID. * * Returns the next populated entry in the tree with an ID greater than * or equal to the value pointed to by @nextid. On exit, @nextid is updated * to the ID of the found value. To use in a loop, the value pointed to by * nextid must be incremented by the user. */ void *idr_get_next(struct idr *idr, int *nextid) { unsigned long id = *nextid; void *entry = idr_get_next_ul(idr, &id); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(id > INT_MAX)) return NULL; *nextid = id; return entry; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(idr_get_next); /** * idr_replace() - replace pointer for given ID. * @idr: IDR handle. * @ptr: New pointer to associate with the ID. * @id: ID to change. * * Replace the pointer registered with an ID and return the old value. * This function can be called under the RCU read lock concurrently with * idr_alloc() and idr_remove() (as long as the ID being removed is not * the one being replaced!). * * Returns: the old value on success. %-ENOENT indicates that @id was not * found. %-EINVAL indicates that @ptr was not valid. */ void *idr_replace(struct idr *idr, void *ptr, unsigned long id) { struct radix_tree_node *node; void __rcu **slot = NULL; void *entry; id -= idr->idr_base; entry = __radix_tree_lookup(&idr->idr_rt, id, &node, &slot); if (!slot || radix_tree_tag_get(&idr->idr_rt, id, IDR_FREE)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); __radix_tree_replace(&idr->idr_rt, node, slot, ptr); return entry; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(idr_replace); /** * DOC: IDA description * * The IDA is an ID allocator which does not provide the ability to * associate an ID with a pointer. As such, it only needs to store one * bit per ID, and so is more space efficient than an IDR. To use an IDA, * define it using DEFINE_IDA() (or embed a &struct ida in a data structure, * then initialise it using ida_init()). To allocate a new ID, call * ida_alloc(), ida_alloc_min(), ida_alloc_max() or ida_alloc_range(). * To free an ID, call ida_free(). * * ida_destroy() can be used to dispose of an IDA without needing to * free the individual IDs in it. You can use ida_is_empty() to find * out whether the IDA has any IDs currently allocated. * * The IDA handles its own locking. It is safe to call any of the IDA * functions without synchronisation in your code. * * IDs are currently limited to the range [0-INT_MAX]. If this is an awkward * limitation, it should be quite straightforward to raise the maximum. */ /* * Developer's notes: * * The IDA uses the functionality provided by the XArray to store bitmaps in * each entry. The XA_FREE_MARK is only cleared when all bits in the bitmap * have been set. * * I considered telling the XArray that each slot is an order-10 node * and indexing by bit number, but the XArray can't allow a single multi-index * entry in the head, which would significantly increase memory consumption * for the IDA. So instead we divide the index by the number of bits in the * leaf bitmap before doing a radix tree lookup. * * As an optimisation, if there are only a few low bits set in any given * leaf, instead of allocating a 128-byte bitmap, we store the bits * as a value entry. Value entries never have the XA_FREE_MARK cleared * because we can always convert them into a bitmap entry. * * It would be possible to optimise further; once we've run out of a * single 128-byte bitmap, we currently switch to a 576-byte node, put * the 128-byte bitmap in the first entry and then start allocating extra * 128-byte entries. We could instead use the 512 bytes of the node's * data as a bitmap before moving to that scheme. I do not believe this * is a worthwhile optimisation; Rasmus Villemoes surveyed the current * users of the IDA and almost none of them use more than 1024 entries. * Those that do use more than the 8192 IDs that the 512 bytes would * provide. * * The IDA always uses a lock to alloc/free. If we add a 'test_bit' * equivalent, it will still need locking. Going to RCU lookup would require * using RCU to free bitmaps, and that's not trivial without embedding an * RCU head in the bitmap, which adds a 2-pointer overhead to each 128-byte * bitmap, which is excessive. */ /** * ida_alloc_range() - Allocate an unused ID. * @ida: IDA handle. * @min: Lowest ID to allocate. * @max: Highest ID to allocate. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Allocate an ID between @min and @max, inclusive. The allocated ID will * not exceed %INT_MAX, even if @max is larger. * * Context: Any context. It is safe to call this function without * locking in your code. * Return: The allocated ID, or %-ENOMEM if memory could not be allocated, * or %-ENOSPC if there are no free IDs. */ int ida_alloc_range(struct ida *ida, unsigned int min, unsigned int max, gfp_t gfp) { XA_STATE(xas, &ida->xa, min / IDA_BITMAP_BITS); unsigned bit = min % IDA_BITMAP_BITS; unsigned long flags; struct ida_bitmap *bitmap, *alloc = NULL; if ((int)min < 0) return -ENOSPC; if ((int)max < 0) max = INT_MAX; retry: xas_lock_irqsave(&xas, flags); next: bitmap = xas_find_marked(&xas, max / IDA_BITMAP_BITS, XA_FREE_MARK); if (xas.xa_index > min / IDA_BITMAP_BITS) bit = 0; if (xas.xa_index * IDA_BITMAP_BITS + bit > max) goto nospc; if (xa_is_value(bitmap)) { unsigned long tmp = xa_to_value(bitmap); if (bit < BITS_PER_XA_VALUE) { bit = find_next_zero_bit(&tmp, BITS_PER_XA_VALUE, bit); if (xas.xa_index * IDA_BITMAP_BITS + bit > max) goto nospc; if (bit < BITS_PER_XA_VALUE) { tmp |= 1UL << bit; xas_store(&xas, xa_mk_value(tmp)); goto out; } } bitmap = alloc; if (!bitmap) bitmap = kzalloc(sizeof(*bitmap), GFP_NOWAIT); if (!bitmap) goto alloc; bitmap->bitmap[0] = tmp; xas_store(&xas, bitmap); if (xas_error(&xas)) { bitmap->bitmap[0] = 0; goto out; } } if (bitmap) { bit = find_next_zero_bit(bitmap->bitmap, IDA_BITMAP_BITS, bit); if (xas.xa_index * IDA_BITMAP_BITS + bit > max) goto nospc; if (bit == IDA_BITMAP_BITS) goto next; __set_bit(bit, bitmap->bitmap); if (bitmap_full(bitmap->bitmap, IDA_BITMAP_BITS)) xas_clear_mark(&xas, XA_FREE_MARK); } else { if (bit < BITS_PER_XA_VALUE) { bitmap = xa_mk_value(1UL << bit); } else { bitmap = alloc; if (!bitmap) bitmap = kzalloc(sizeof(*bitmap), GFP_NOWAIT); if (!bitmap) goto alloc; __set_bit(bit, bitmap->bitmap); } xas_store(&xas, bitmap); } out: xas_unlock_irqrestore(&xas, flags); if (xas_nomem(&xas, gfp)) { xas.xa_index = min / IDA_BITMAP_BITS; bit = min % IDA_BITMAP_BITS; goto retry; } if (bitmap != alloc) kfree(alloc); if (xas_error(&xas)) return xas_error(&xas); return xas.xa_index * IDA_BITMAP_BITS + bit; alloc: xas_unlock_irqrestore(&xas, flags); alloc = kzalloc(sizeof(*bitmap), gfp); if (!alloc) return -ENOMEM; xas_set(&xas, min / IDA_BITMAP_BITS); bit = min % IDA_BITMAP_BITS; goto retry; nospc: xas_unlock_irqrestore(&xas, flags); kfree(alloc); return -ENOSPC; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(ida_alloc_range); /** * ida_free() - Release an allocated ID. * @ida: IDA handle. * @id: Previously allocated ID. * * Context: Any context. It is safe to call this function without * locking in your code. */ void ida_free(struct ida *ida, unsigned int id) { XA_STATE(xas, &ida->xa, id / IDA_BITMAP_BITS); unsigned bit = id % IDA_BITMAP_BITS; struct ida_bitmap *bitmap; unsigned long flags; BUG_ON((int)id < 0); xas_lock_irqsave(&xas, flags); bitmap = xas_load(&xas); if (xa_is_value(bitmap)) { unsigned long v = xa_to_value(bitmap); if (bit >= BITS_PER_XA_VALUE) goto err; if (!(v & (1UL << bit))) goto err; v &= ~(1UL << bit); if (!v) goto delete; xas_store(&xas, xa_mk_value(v)); } else { if (!test_bit(bit, bitmap->bitmap)) goto err; __clear_bit(bit, bitmap->bitmap); xas_set_mark(&xas, XA_FREE_MARK); if (bitmap_empty(bitmap->bitmap, IDA_BITMAP_BITS)) { kfree(bitmap); delete: xas_store(&xas, NULL); } } xas_unlock_irqrestore(&xas, flags); return; err: xas_unlock_irqrestore(&xas, flags); WARN(1, "ida_free called for id=%d which is not allocated.\n", id); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(ida_free); /** * ida_destroy() - Free all IDs. * @ida: IDA handle. * * Calling this function frees all IDs and releases all resources used * by an IDA. When this call returns, the IDA is empty and can be reused * or freed. If the IDA is already empty, there is no need to call this * function. * * Context: Any context. It is safe to call this function without * locking in your code. */ void ida_destroy(struct ida *ida) { XA_STATE(xas, &ida->xa, 0); struct ida_bitmap *bitmap; unsigned long flags; xas_lock_irqsave(&xas, flags); xas_for_each(&xas, bitmap, ULONG_MAX) { if (!xa_is_value(bitmap)) kfree(bitmap); xas_store(&xas, NULL); } xas_unlock_irqrestore(&xas, flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(ida_destroy); #ifndef __KERNEL__ extern void xa_dump_index(unsigned long index, unsigned int shift); #define IDA_CHUNK_SHIFT ilog2(IDA_BITMAP_BITS) static void ida_dump_entry(void *entry, unsigned long index) { unsigned long i; if (!entry) return; if (xa_is_node(entry)) { struct xa_node *node = xa_to_node(entry); unsigned int shift = node->shift + IDA_CHUNK_SHIFT + XA_CHUNK_SHIFT; xa_dump_index(index * IDA_BITMAP_BITS, shift); xa_dump_node(node); for (i = 0; i < XA_CHUNK_SIZE; i++) ida_dump_entry(node->slots[i], index | (i << node->shift)); } else if (xa_is_value(entry)) { xa_dump_index(index * IDA_BITMAP_BITS, ilog2(BITS_PER_LONG)); pr_cont("value: data %lx [%px]\n", xa_to_value(entry), entry); } else { struct ida_bitmap *bitmap = entry; xa_dump_index(index * IDA_BITMAP_BITS, IDA_CHUNK_SHIFT); pr_cont("bitmap: %p data", bitmap); for (i = 0; i < IDA_BITMAP_LONGS; i++) pr_cont(" %lx", bitmap->bitmap[i]); pr_cont("\n"); } } static void ida_dump(struct ida *ida) { struct xarray *xa = &ida->xa; pr_debug("ida: %p node %p free %d\n", ida, xa->xa_head, xa->xa_flags >> ROOT_TAG_SHIFT); ida_dump_entry(xa->xa_head, 0); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Common header file for generic dynamic events. */ #ifndef _TRACE_DYNEVENT_H #define _TRACE_DYNEVENT_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include "trace.h" struct dyn_event; /** * struct dyn_event_operations - Methods for each type of dynamic events * * These methods must be set for each type, since there is no default method. * Before using this for dyn_event_init(), it must be registered by * dyn_event_register(). * * @create: Parse and create event method. This is invoked when user passes * a event definition to dynamic_events interface. This must not destruct * the arguments and return -ECANCELED if given arguments doesn't match its * command prefix. * @show: Showing method. This is invoked when user reads the event definitions * via dynamic_events interface. * @is_busy: Check whether given event is busy so that it can not be deleted. * Return true if it is busy, otherwides false. * @free: Delete the given event. Return 0 if success, otherwides error. * @match: Check whether given event and system name match this event. The argc * and argv is used for exact match. Return true if it matches, otherwides * false. * * Except for @create, these methods are called under holding event_mutex. */ struct dyn_event_operations { struct list_head list; int (*create)(int argc, const char *argv[]); int (*show)(struct seq_file *m, struct dyn_event *ev); bool (*is_busy)(struct dyn_event *ev); int (*free)(struct dyn_event *ev); bool (*match)(const char *system, const char *event, int argc, const char **argv, struct dyn_event *ev); }; /* Register new dyn_event type -- must be called at first */ int dyn_event_register(struct dyn_event_operations *ops); /** * struct dyn_event - Dynamic event list header * * The dyn_event structure encapsulates a list and a pointer to the operators * for making a global list of dynamic events. * User must includes this in each event structure, so that those events can * be added/removed via dynamic_events interface. */ struct dyn_event { struct list_head list; struct dyn_event_operations *ops; }; extern struct list_head dyn_event_list; static inline int dyn_event_init(struct dyn_event *ev, struct dyn_event_operations *ops) { if (!ev || !ops) return -EINVAL; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ev->list); ev->ops = ops; return 0; } static inline int dyn_event_add(struct dyn_event *ev) { lockdep_assert_held(&event_mutex); if (!ev || !ev->ops) return -EINVAL; list_add_tail(&ev->list, &dyn_event_list); return 0; } static inline void dyn_event_remove(struct dyn_event *ev) { lockdep_assert_held(&event_mutex); list_del_init(&ev->list); } void *dyn_event_seq_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos); void *dyn_event_seq_next(struct seq_file *m, void *v, loff_t *pos); void dyn_event_seq_stop(struct seq_file *m, void *v); int dyn_events_release_all(struct dyn_event_operations *type); int dyn_event_release(int argc, char **argv, struct dyn_event_operations *type); /* * for_each_dyn_event - iterate over the dyn_event list * @pos: the struct dyn_event * to use as a loop cursor * * This is just a basement of for_each macro. Wrap this for * each actual event structure with ops filtering. */ #define for_each_dyn_event(pos) \ list_for_each_entry(pos, &dyn_event_list, list) /* * for_each_dyn_event - iterate over the dyn_event list safely * @pos: the struct dyn_event * to use as a loop cursor * @n: the struct dyn_event * to use as temporary storage */ #define for_each_dyn_event_safe(pos, n) \ list_for_each_entry_safe(pos, n, &dyn_event_list, list) extern void dynevent_cmd_init(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, char *buf, int maxlen, enum dynevent_type type, dynevent_create_fn_t run_command); typedef int (*dynevent_check_arg_fn_t)(void *data); struct dynevent_arg { const char *str; char separator; /* e.g. ';', ',', or nothing */ }; extern void dynevent_arg_init(struct dynevent_arg *arg, char separator); extern int dynevent_arg_add(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, struct dynevent_arg *arg, dynevent_check_arg_fn_t check_arg); struct dynevent_arg_pair { const char *lhs; const char *rhs; char operator; /* e.g. '=' or nothing */ char separator; /* e.g. ';', ',', or nothing */ }; extern void dynevent_arg_pair_init(struct dynevent_arg_pair *arg_pair, char operator, char separator); extern int dynevent_arg_pair_add(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, struct dynevent_arg_pair *arg_pair, dynevent_check_arg_fn_t check_arg); extern int dynevent_str_add(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, const char *str); #endif
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * linux/ipc/util.c * Copyright (C) 1992 Krishna Balasubramanian * * Sep 1997 - Call suser() last after "normal" permission checks so we * get BSD style process accounting right. * Occurs in several places in the IPC code. * Chris Evans, <chris@ferret.lmh.ox.ac.uk> * Nov 1999 - ipc helper functions, unified SMP locking * Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> * Oct 2002 - One lock per IPC id. RCU ipc_free for lock-free grow_ary(). * Mingming Cao <cmm@us.ibm.com> * Mar 2006 - support for audit of ipc object properties * Dustin Kirkland <dustin.kirkland@us.ibm.com> * Jun 2006 - namespaces ssupport * OpenVZ, SWsoft Inc. * Pavel Emelianov <xemul@openvz.org> * * General sysv ipc locking scheme: * rcu_read_lock() * obtain the ipc object (kern_ipc_perm) by looking up the id in an idr * tree. * - perform initial checks (capabilities, auditing and permission, * etc). * - perform read-only operations, such as INFO command, that * do not demand atomicity * acquire the ipc lock (kern_ipc_perm.lock) through * ipc_lock_object() * - perform read-only operations that demand atomicity, * such as STAT command. * - perform data updates, such as SET, RMID commands and * mechanism-specific operations (semop/semtimedop, * msgsnd/msgrcv, shmat/shmdt). * drop the ipc lock, through ipc_unlock_object(). * rcu_read_unlock() * * The ids->rwsem must be taken when: * - creating, removing and iterating the existing entries in ipc * identifier sets. * - iterating through files under /proc/sysvipc/ * * Note that sems have a special fast path that avoids kern_ipc_perm.lock - * see sem_lock(). */ #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/shm.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/msg.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/notifier.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/highuid.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/proc_fs.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/memory.h> #include <linux/ipc_namespace.h> #include <linux/rhashtable.h> #include <asm/unistd.h> #include "util.h" struct ipc_proc_iface { const char *path; const char *header; int ids; int (*show)(struct seq_file *, void *); }; /** * ipc_init - initialise ipc subsystem * * The various sysv ipc resources (semaphores, messages and shared * memory) are initialised. * * A callback routine is registered into the memory hotplug notifier * chain: since msgmni scales to lowmem this callback routine will be * called upon successful memory add / remove to recompute msmgni. */ static int __init ipc_init(void) { proc_mkdir("sysvipc", NULL); sem_init(); msg_init(); shm_init(); return 0; } device_initcall(ipc_init); static const struct rhashtable_params ipc_kht_params = { .head_offset = offsetof(struct kern_ipc_perm, khtnode), .key_offset = offsetof(struct kern_ipc_perm, key), .key_len = sizeof_field(struct kern_ipc_perm, key), .automatic_shrinking = true, }; /** * ipc_init_ids - initialise ipc identifiers * @ids: ipc identifier set * * Set up the sequence range to use for the ipc identifier range (limited * below ipc_mni) then initialise the keys hashtable and ids idr. */ void ipc_init_ids(struct ipc_ids *ids) { ids->in_use = 0; ids->seq = 0; init_rwsem(&ids->rwsem); rhashtable_init(&ids->key_ht, &ipc_kht_params); idr_init(&ids->ipcs_idr); ids->max_idx = -1; ids->last_idx = -1; #ifdef CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE ids->next_id = -1; #endif } #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS static const struct proc_ops sysvipc_proc_ops; /** * ipc_init_proc_interface - create a proc interface for sysipc types using a seq_file interface. * @path: Path in procfs * @header: Banner to be printed at the beginning of the file. * @ids: ipc id table to iterate. * @show: show routine. */ void __init ipc_init_proc_interface(const char *path, const char *header, int ids, int (*show)(struct seq_file *, void *)) { struct proc_dir_entry *pde; struct ipc_proc_iface *iface; iface = kmalloc(sizeof(*iface), GFP_KERNEL); if (!iface) return; iface->path = path; iface->header = header; iface->ids = ids; iface->show = show; pde = proc_create_data(path, S_IRUGO, /* world readable */ NULL, /* parent dir */ &sysvipc_proc_ops, iface); if (!pde) kfree(iface); } #endif /** * ipc_findkey - find a key in an ipc identifier set * @ids: ipc identifier set * @key: key to find * * Returns the locked pointer to the ipc structure if found or NULL * otherwise. If key is found ipc points to the owning ipc structure * * Called with writer ipc_ids.rwsem held. */ static struct kern_ipc_perm *ipc_findkey(struct ipc_ids *ids, key_t key) { struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp; ipcp = rhashtable_lookup_fast(&ids->key_ht, &key, ipc_kht_params); if (!ipcp) return NULL; rcu_read_lock(); ipc_lock_object(ipcp); return ipcp; } /* * Insert new IPC object into idr tree, and set sequence number and id * in the correct order. * Especially: * - the sequence number must be set before inserting the object into the idr, * because the sequence number is accessed without a lock. * - the id can/must be set after inserting the object into the idr. * All accesses must be done after getting kern_ipc_perm.lock. * * The caller must own kern_ipc_perm.lock.of the new object. * On error, the function returns a (negative) error code. * * To conserve sequence number space, especially with extended ipc_mni, * the sequence number is incremented only when the returned ID is less than * the last one. */ static inline int ipc_idr_alloc(struct ipc_ids *ids, struct kern_ipc_perm *new) { int idx, next_id = -1; #ifdef CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE next_id = ids->next_id; ids->next_id = -1; #endif /* * As soon as a new object is inserted into the idr, * ipc_obtain_object_idr() or ipc_obtain_object_check() can find it, * and the lockless preparations for ipc operations can start. * This means especially: permission checks, audit calls, allocation * of undo structures, ... * * Thus the object must be fully initialized, and if something fails, * then the full tear-down sequence must be followed. * (i.e.: set new->deleted, reduce refcount, call_rcu()) */ if (next_id < 0) { /* !CHECKPOINT_RESTORE or next_id is unset */ int max_idx; max_idx = max(ids->in_use*3/2, ipc_min_cycle); max_idx = min(max_idx, ipc_mni); /* allocate the idx, with a NULL struct kern_ipc_perm */ idx = idr_alloc_cyclic(&ids->ipcs_idr, NULL, 0, max_idx, GFP_NOWAIT); if (idx >= 0) { /* * idx got allocated successfully. * Now calculate the sequence number and set the * pointer for real. */ if (idx <= ids->last_idx) { ids->seq++; if (ids->seq >= ipcid_seq_max()) ids->seq = 0; } ids->last_idx = idx; new->seq = ids->seq; /* no need for smp_wmb(), this is done * inside idr_replace, as part of * rcu_assign_pointer */ idr_replace(&ids->ipcs_idr, new, idx); } } else { new->seq = ipcid_to_seqx(next_id); idx = idr_alloc(&ids->ipcs_idr, new, ipcid_to_idx(next_id), 0, GFP_NOWAIT); } if (idx >= 0) new->id = (new->seq << ipcmni_seq_shift()) + idx; return idx; } /** * ipc_addid - add an ipc identifier * @ids: ipc identifier set * @new: new ipc permission set * @limit: limit for the number of used ids * * Add an entry 'new' to the ipc ids idr. The permissions object is * initialised and the first free entry is set up and the index assigned * is returned. The 'new' entry is returned in a locked state on success. * * On failure the entry is not locked and a negative err-code is returned. * The caller must use ipc_rcu_putref() to free the identifier. * * Called with writer ipc_ids.rwsem held. */ int ipc_addid(struct ipc_ids *ids, struct kern_ipc_perm *new, int limit) { kuid_t euid; kgid_t egid; int idx, err; /* 1) Initialize the refcount so that ipc_rcu_putref works */ refcount_set(&new->refcount, 1); if (limit > ipc_mni) limit = ipc_mni; if (ids->in_use >= limit) return -ENOSPC; idr_preload(GFP_KERNEL); spin_lock_init(&new->lock); rcu_read_lock(); spin_lock(&new->lock); current_euid_egid(&euid, &egid); new->cuid = new->uid = euid; new->gid = new->cgid = egid; new->deleted = false; idx = ipc_idr_alloc(ids, new); idr_preload_end(); if (idx >= 0 && new->key != IPC_PRIVATE) { err = rhashtable_insert_fast(&ids->key_ht, &new->khtnode, ipc_kht_params); if (err < 0) { idr_remove(&ids->ipcs_idr, idx); idx = err; } } if (idx < 0) { new->deleted = true; spin_unlock(&new->lock); rcu_read_unlock(); return idx; } ids->in_use++; if (idx > ids->max_idx) ids->max_idx = idx; return idx; } /** * ipcget_new - create a new ipc object * @ns: ipc namespace * @ids: ipc identifier set * @ops: the actual creation routine to call * @params: its parameters * * This routine is called by sys_msgget, sys_semget() and sys_shmget() * when the key is IPC_PRIVATE. */ static int ipcget_new(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct ipc_ids *ids, const struct ipc_ops *ops, struct ipc_params *params) { int err; down_write(&ids->rwsem); err = ops->getnew(ns, params); up_write(&ids->rwsem); return err; } /** * ipc_check_perms - check security and permissions for an ipc object * @ns: ipc namespace * @ipcp: ipc permission set * @ops: the actual security routine to call * @params: its parameters * * This routine is called by sys_msgget(), sys_semget() and sys_shmget() * when the key is not IPC_PRIVATE and that key already exists in the * ds IDR. * * On success, the ipc id is returned. * * It is called with ipc_ids.rwsem and ipcp->lock held. */ static int ipc_check_perms(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp, const struct ipc_ops *ops, struct ipc_params *params) { int err; if (ipcperms(ns, ipcp, params->flg)) err = -EACCES; else { err = ops->associate(ipcp, params->flg); if (!err) err = ipcp->id; } return err; } /** * ipcget_public - get an ipc object or create a new one * @ns: ipc namespace * @ids: ipc identifier set * @ops: the actual creation routine to call * @params: its parameters * * This routine is called by sys_msgget, sys_semget() and sys_shmget() * when the key is not IPC_PRIVATE. * It adds a new entry if the key is not found and does some permission * / security checkings if the key is found. * * On success, the ipc id is returned. */ static int ipcget_public(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct ipc_ids *ids, const struct ipc_ops *ops, struct ipc_params *params) { struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp; int flg = params->flg; int err; /* * Take the lock as a writer since we are potentially going to add * a new entry + read locks are not "upgradable" */ down_write(&ids->rwsem); ipcp = ipc_findkey(ids, params->key); if (ipcp == NULL) { /* key not used */ if (!(flg & IPC_CREAT)) err = -ENOENT; else err = ops->getnew(ns, params); } else { /* ipc object has been locked by ipc_findkey() */ if (flg & IPC_CREAT && flg & IPC_EXCL) err = -EEXIST; else { err = 0; if (ops->more_checks) err = ops->more_checks(ipcp, params); if (!err) /* * ipc_check_perms returns the IPC id on * success */ err = ipc_check_perms(ns, ipcp, ops, params); } ipc_unlock(ipcp); } up_write(&ids->rwsem); return err; } /** * ipc_kht_remove - remove an ipc from the key hashtable * @ids: ipc identifier set * @ipcp: ipc perm structure containing the key to remove * * ipc_ids.rwsem (as a writer) and the spinlock for this ID are held * before this function is called, and remain locked on the exit. */ static void ipc_kht_remove(struct ipc_ids *ids, struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp) { if (ipcp->key != IPC_PRIVATE) WARN_ON_ONCE(rhashtable_remove_fast(&ids->key_ht, &ipcp->khtnode, ipc_kht_params)); } /** * ipc_rmid - remove an ipc identifier * @ids: ipc identifier set * @ipcp: ipc perm structure containing the identifier to remove * * ipc_ids.rwsem (as a writer) and the spinlock for this ID are held * before this function is called, and remain locked on the exit. */ void ipc_rmid(struct ipc_ids *ids, struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp) { int idx = ipcid_to_idx(ipcp->id); WARN_ON_ONCE(idr_remove(&ids->ipcs_idr, idx) != ipcp); ipc_kht_remove(ids, ipcp); ids->in_use--; ipcp->deleted = true; if (unlikely(idx == ids->max_idx)) { do { idx--; if (idx == -1) break; } while (!idr_find(&ids->ipcs_idr, idx)); ids->max_idx = idx; } } /** * ipc_set_key_private - switch the key of an existing ipc to IPC_PRIVATE * @ids: ipc identifier set * @ipcp: ipc perm structure containing the key to modify * * ipc_ids.rwsem (as a writer) and the spinlock for this ID are held * before this function is called, and remain locked on the exit. */ void ipc_set_key_private(struct ipc_ids *ids, struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp) { ipc_kht_remove(ids, ipcp); ipcp->key = IPC_PRIVATE; } bool ipc_rcu_getref(struct kern_ipc_perm *ptr) { return refcount_inc_not_zero(&ptr->refcount); } void ipc_rcu_putref(struct kern_ipc_perm *ptr, void (*func)(struct rcu_head *head)) { if (!refcount_dec_and_test(&ptr->refcount)) return; call_rcu(&ptr->rcu, func); } /** * ipcperms - check ipc permissions * @ns: ipc namespace * @ipcp: ipc permission set * @flag: desired permission set * * Check user, group, other permissions for access * to ipc resources. return 0 if allowed * * @flag will most probably be 0 or ``S_...UGO`` from <linux/stat.h> */ int ipcperms(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp, short flag) { kuid_t euid = current_euid(); int requested_mode, granted_mode; audit_ipc_obj(ipcp); requested_mode = (flag >> 6) | (flag >> 3) | flag; granted_mode = ipcp->mode; if (uid_eq(euid, ipcp->cuid) || uid_eq(euid, ipcp->uid)) granted_mode >>= 6; else if (in_group_p(ipcp->cgid) || in_group_p(ipcp->gid)) granted_mode >>= 3; /* is there some bit set in requested_mode but not in granted_mode? */ if ((requested_mode & ~granted_mode & 0007) && !ns_capable(ns->user_ns, CAP_IPC_OWNER)) return -1; return security_ipc_permission(ipcp, flag); } /* * Functions to convert between the kern_ipc_perm structure and the * old/new ipc_perm structures */ /** * kernel_to_ipc64_perm - convert kernel ipc permissions to user * @in: kernel permissions * @out: new style ipc permissions * * Turn the kernel object @in into a set of permissions descriptions * for returning to userspace (@out). */ void kernel_to_ipc64_perm(struct kern_ipc_perm *in, struct ipc64_perm *out) { out->key = in->key; out->uid = from_kuid_munged(current_user_ns(), in->uid); out->gid = from_kgid_munged(current_user_ns(), in->gid); out->cuid = from_kuid_munged(current_user_ns(), in->cuid); out->cgid = from_kgid_munged(current_user_ns(), in->cgid); out->mode = in->mode; out->seq = in->seq; } /** * ipc64_perm_to_ipc_perm - convert new ipc permissions to old * @in: new style ipc permissions * @out: old style ipc permissions * * Turn the new style permissions object @in into a compatibility * object and store it into the @out pointer. */ void ipc64_perm_to_ipc_perm(struct ipc64_perm *in, struct ipc_perm *out) { out->key = in->key; SET_UID(out->uid, in->uid); SET_GID(out->gid, in->gid); SET_UID(out->cuid, in->cuid); SET_GID(out->cgid, in->cgid); out->mode = in->mode; out->seq = in->seq; } /** * ipc_obtain_object_idr * @ids: ipc identifier set * @id: ipc id to look for * * Look for an id in the ipc ids idr and return associated ipc object. * * Call inside the RCU critical section. * The ipc object is *not* locked on exit. */ struct kern_ipc_perm *ipc_obtain_object_idr(struct ipc_ids *ids, int id) { struct kern_ipc_perm *out; int idx = ipcid_to_idx(id); out = idr_find(&ids->ipcs_idr, idx); if (!out) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); return out; } /** * ipc_obtain_object_check * @ids: ipc identifier set * @id: ipc id to look for * * Similar to ipc_obtain_object_idr() but also checks the ipc object * sequence number. * * Call inside the RCU critical section. * The ipc object is *not* locked on exit. */ struct kern_ipc_perm *ipc_obtain_object_check(struct ipc_ids *ids, int id) { struct kern_ipc_perm *out = ipc_obtain_object_idr(ids, id); if (IS_ERR(out)) goto out; if (ipc_checkid(out, id)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); out: return out; } /** * ipcget - Common sys_*get() code * @ns: namespace * @ids: ipc identifier set * @ops: operations to be called on ipc object creation, permission checks * and further checks * @params: the parameters needed by the previous operations. * * Common routine called by sys_msgget(), sys_semget() and sys_shmget(). */ int ipcget(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct ipc_ids *ids, const struct ipc_ops *ops, struct ipc_params *params) { if (params->key == IPC_PRIVATE) return ipcget_new(ns, ids, ops, params); else return ipcget_public(ns, ids, ops, params); } /** * ipc_update_perm - update the permissions of an ipc object * @in: the permission given as input. * @out: the permission of the ipc to set. */ int ipc_update_perm(struct ipc64_perm *in, struct kern_ipc_perm *out) { kuid_t uid = make_kuid(current_user_ns(), in->uid); kgid_t gid = make_kgid(current_user_ns(), in->gid); if (!uid_valid(uid) || !gid_valid(gid)) return -EINVAL; out->uid = uid; out->gid = gid; out->mode = (out->mode & ~S_IRWXUGO) | (in->mode & S_IRWXUGO); return 0; } /** * ipcctl_obtain_check - retrieve an ipc object and check permissions * @ns: ipc namespace * @ids: the table of ids where to look for the ipc * @id: the id of the ipc to retrieve * @cmd: the cmd to check * @perm: the permission to set * @extra_perm: one extra permission parameter used by msq * * This function does some common audit and permissions check for some IPC_XXX * cmd and is called from semctl_down, shmctl_down and msgctl_down. * * It: * - retrieves the ipc object with the given id in the given table. * - performs some audit and permission check, depending on the given cmd * - returns a pointer to the ipc object or otherwise, the corresponding * error. * * Call holding the both the rwsem and the rcu read lock. */ struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcctl_obtain_check(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct ipc_ids *ids, int id, int cmd, struct ipc64_perm *perm, int extra_perm) { kuid_t euid; int err = -EPERM; struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp; ipcp = ipc_obtain_object_check(ids, id); if (IS_ERR(ipcp)) { err = PTR_ERR(ipcp); goto err; } audit_ipc_obj(ipcp); if (cmd == IPC_SET) audit_ipc_set_perm(extra_perm, perm->uid, perm->gid, perm->mode); euid = current_euid(); if (uid_eq(euid, ipcp->cuid) || uid_eq(euid, ipcp->uid) || ns_capable(ns->user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) return ipcp; /* successful lookup */ err: return ERR_PTR(err); } #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_IPC_PARSE_VERSION /** * ipc_parse_version - ipc call version * @cmd: pointer to command * * Return IPC_64 for new style IPC and IPC_OLD for old style IPC. * The @cmd value is turned from an encoding command and version into * just the command code. */ int ipc_parse_version(int *cmd) { if (*cmd & IPC_64) { *cmd ^= IPC_64; return IPC_64; } else { return IPC_OLD; } } #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_IPC_PARSE_VERSION */ #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS struct ipc_proc_iter { struct ipc_namespace *ns; struct pid_namespace *pid_ns; struct ipc_proc_iface *iface; }; struct pid_namespace *ipc_seq_pid_ns(struct seq_file *s) { struct ipc_proc_iter *iter = s->private; return iter->pid_ns; } /* * This routine locks the ipc structure found at least at position pos. */ static struct kern_ipc_perm *sysvipc_find_ipc(struct ipc_ids *ids, loff_t pos, loff_t *new_pos) { struct kern_ipc_perm *ipc; int total, id; total = 0; for (id = 0; id < pos && total < ids->in_use; id++) { ipc = idr_find(&ids->ipcs_idr, id); if (ipc != NULL) total++; } ipc = NULL; if (total >= ids->in_use) goto out; for (; pos < ipc_mni; pos++) { ipc = idr_find(&ids->ipcs_idr, pos); if (ipc != NULL) { rcu_read_lock(); ipc_lock_object(ipc); break; } } out: *new_pos = pos + 1; return ipc; } static void *sysvipc_proc_next(struct seq_file *s, void *it, loff_t *pos) { struct ipc_proc_iter *iter = s->private; struct ipc_proc_iface *iface = iter->iface; struct kern_ipc_perm *ipc = it; /* If we had an ipc id locked before, unlock it */ if (ipc && ipc != SEQ_START_TOKEN) ipc_unlock(ipc); return sysvipc_find_ipc(&iter->ns->ids[iface->ids], *pos, pos); } /* * File positions: pos 0 -> header, pos n -> ipc id = n - 1. * SeqFile iterator: iterator value locked ipc pointer or SEQ_TOKEN_START. */ static void *sysvipc_proc_start(struct seq_file *s, loff_t *pos) { struct ipc_proc_iter *iter = s->private; struct ipc_proc_iface *iface = iter->iface; struct ipc_ids *ids; ids = &iter->ns->ids[iface->ids]; /* * Take the lock - this will be released by the corresponding * call to stop(). */ down_read(&ids->rwsem); /* pos < 0 is invalid */ if (*pos < 0) return NULL; /* pos == 0 means header */ if (*pos == 0) return SEQ_START_TOKEN; /* Find the (pos-1)th ipc */ return sysvipc_find_ipc(ids, *pos - 1, pos); } static void sysvipc_proc_stop(struct seq_file *s, void *it) { struct kern_ipc_perm *ipc = it; struct ipc_proc_iter *iter = s->private; struct ipc_proc_iface *iface = iter->iface; struct ipc_ids *ids; /* If we had a locked structure, release it */ if (ipc && ipc != SEQ_START_TOKEN) ipc_unlock(ipc); ids = &iter->ns->ids[iface->ids]; /* Release the lock we took in start() */ up_read(&ids->rwsem); } static int sysvipc_proc_show(struct seq_file *s, void *it) { struct ipc_proc_iter *iter = s->private; struct ipc_proc_iface *iface = iter->iface; if (it == SEQ_START_TOKEN) { seq_puts(s, iface->header); return 0; } return iface->show(s, it); } static const struct seq_operations sysvipc_proc_seqops = { .start = sysvipc_proc_start, .stop = sysvipc_proc_stop, .next = sysvipc_proc_next, .show = sysvipc_proc_show, }; static int sysvipc_proc_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { struct ipc_proc_iter *iter; iter = __seq_open_private(file, &sysvipc_proc_seqops, sizeof(*iter)); if (!iter) return -ENOMEM; iter->iface = PDE_DATA(inode); iter->ns = get_ipc_ns(current->nsproxy->ipc_ns); iter->pid_ns = get_pid_ns(task_active_pid_ns(current)); return 0; } static int sysvipc_proc_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { struct seq_file *seq = file->private_data; struct ipc_proc_iter *iter = seq->private; put_ipc_ns(iter->ns); put_pid_ns(iter->pid_ns); return seq_release_private(inode, file); } static const struct proc_ops sysvipc_proc_ops = { .proc_flags = PROC_ENTRY_PERMANENT, .proc_open = sysvipc_proc_open, .proc_read = seq_read, .proc_lseek = seq_lseek, .proc_release = sysvipc_proc_release, }; #endif /* CONFIG_PROC_FS */
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<linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/mmu_notifier.h> #include <linux/nodemask.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/mempolicy.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/cpuset.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/memblock.h> #include <linux/sysfs.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/mmdebug.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/rmap.h> #include <linux/string_helpers.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/swapops.h> #include <linux/jhash.h> #include <linux/numa.h> #include <linux/llist.h> #include <linux/cma.h> #include <asm/page.h> #include <asm/pgalloc.h> #include <asm/tlb.h> #include <linux/io.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/hugetlb_cgroup.h> #include <linux/node.h> #include <linux/userfaultfd_k.h> #include <linux/page_owner.h> #include "internal.h" int hugetlb_max_hstate __read_mostly; unsigned int default_hstate_idx; struct hstate hstates[HUGE_MAX_HSTATE]; #ifdef CONFIG_CMA static struct cma *hugetlb_cma[MAX_NUMNODES]; #endif static unsigned long hugetlb_cma_size __initdata; /* * Minimum page order among possible hugepage sizes, set to a proper value * at boot time. */ static unsigned int minimum_order __read_mostly = UINT_MAX; __initdata LIST_HEAD(huge_boot_pages); /* for command line parsing */ static struct hstate * __initdata parsed_hstate; static unsigned long __initdata default_hstate_max_huge_pages; static bool __initdata parsed_valid_hugepagesz = true; static bool __initdata parsed_default_hugepagesz; /* * Protects updates to hugepage_freelists, hugepage_activelist, nr_huge_pages, * free_huge_pages, and surplus_huge_pages. */ DEFINE_SPINLOCK(hugetlb_lock); /* * Serializes faults on the same logical page. This is used to * prevent spurious OOMs when the hugepage pool is fully utilized. */ static int num_fault_mutexes; struct mutex *hugetlb_fault_mutex_table ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; static inline bool PageHugeFreed(struct page *head) { return page_private(head + 4) == -1UL; } static inline void SetPageHugeFreed(struct page *head) { set_page_private(head + 4, -1UL); } static inline void ClearPageHugeFreed(struct page *head) { set_page_private(head + 4, 0); } /* Forward declaration */ static int hugetlb_acct_memory(struct hstate *h, long delta); static inline void unlock_or_release_subpool(struct hugepage_subpool *spool) { bool free = (spool->count == 0) && (spool->used_hpages == 0); spin_unlock(&spool->lock); /* If no pages are used, and no other handles to the subpool * remain, give up any reservations based on minimum size and * free the subpool */ if (free) { if (spool->min_hpages != -1) hugetlb_acct_memory(spool->hstate, -spool->min_hpages); kfree(spool); } } struct hugepage_subpool *hugepage_new_subpool(struct hstate *h, long max_hpages, long min_hpages) { struct hugepage_subpool *spool; spool = kzalloc(sizeof(*spool), GFP_KERNEL); if (!spool) return NULL; spin_lock_init(&spool->lock); spool->count = 1; spool->max_hpages = max_hpages; spool->hstate = h; spool->min_hpages = min_hpages; if (min_hpages != -1 && hugetlb_acct_memory(h, min_hpages)) { kfree(spool); return NULL; } spool->rsv_hpages = min_hpages; return spool; } void hugepage_put_subpool(struct hugepage_subpool *spool) { spin_lock(&spool->lock); BUG_ON(!spool->count); spool->count--; unlock_or_release_subpool(spool); } /* * Subpool accounting for allocating and reserving pages. * Return -ENOMEM if there are not enough resources to satisfy the * request. Otherwise, return the number of pages by which the * global pools must be adjusted (upward). The returned value may * only be different than the passed value (delta) in the case where * a subpool minimum size must be maintained. */ static long hugepage_subpool_get_pages(struct hugepage_subpool *spool, long delta) { long ret = delta; if (!spool) return ret; spin_lock(&spool->lock); if (spool->max_hpages != -1) { /* maximum size accounting */ if ((spool->used_hpages + delta) <= spool->max_hpages) spool->used_hpages += delta; else { ret = -ENOMEM; goto unlock_ret; } } /* minimum size accounting */ if (spool->min_hpages != -1 && spool->rsv_hpages) { if (delta > spool->rsv_hpages) { /* * Asking for more reserves than those already taken on * behalf of subpool. Return difference. */ ret = delta - spool->rsv_hpages; spool->rsv_hpages = 0; } else { ret = 0; /* reserves already accounted for */ spool->rsv_hpages -= delta; } } unlock_ret: spin_unlock(&spool->lock); return ret; } /* * Subpool accounting for freeing and unreserving pages. * Return the number of global page reservations that must be dropped. * The return value may only be different than the passed value (delta) * in the case where a subpool minimum size must be maintained. */ static long hugepage_subpool_put_pages(struct hugepage_subpool *spool, long delta) { long ret = delta; if (!spool) return delta; spin_lock(&spool->lock); if (spool->max_hpages != -1) /* maximum size accounting */ spool->used_hpages -= delta; /* minimum size accounting */ if (spool->min_hpages != -1 && spool->used_hpages < spool->min_hpages) { if (spool->rsv_hpages + delta <= spool->min_hpages) ret = 0; else ret = spool->rsv_hpages + delta - spool->min_hpages; spool->rsv_hpages += delta; if (spool->rsv_hpages > spool->min_hpages) spool->rsv_hpages = spool->min_hpages; } /* * If hugetlbfs_put_super couldn't free spool due to an outstanding * quota reference, free it now. */ unlock_or_release_subpool(spool); return ret; } static inline struct hugepage_subpool *subpool_inode(struct inode *inode) { return HUGETLBFS_SB(inode->i_sb)->spool; } static inline struct hugepage_subpool *subpool_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return subpool_inode(file_inode(vma->vm_file)); } /* Helper that removes a struct file_region from the resv_map cache and returns * it for use. */ static struct file_region * get_file_region_entry_from_cache(struct resv_map *resv, long from, long to) { struct file_region *nrg = NULL; VM_BUG_ON(resv->region_cache_count <= 0); resv->region_cache_count--; nrg = list_first_entry(&resv->region_cache, struct file_region, link); list_del(&nrg->link); nrg->from = from; nrg->to = to; return nrg; } static void copy_hugetlb_cgroup_uncharge_info(struct file_region *nrg, struct file_region *rg) { #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_HUGETLB nrg->reservation_counter = rg->reservation_counter; nrg->css = rg->css; if (rg->css) css_get(rg->css); #endif } /* Helper that records hugetlb_cgroup uncharge info. */ static void record_hugetlb_cgroup_uncharge_info(struct hugetlb_cgroup *h_cg, struct hstate *h, struct resv_map *resv, struct file_region *nrg) { #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_HUGETLB if (h_cg) { nrg->reservation_counter = &h_cg->rsvd_hugepage[hstate_index(h)]; nrg->css = &h_cg->css; /* * The caller will hold exactly one h_cg->css reference for the * whole contiguous reservation region. But this area might be * scattered when there are already some file_regions reside in * it. As a result, many file_regions may share only one css * reference. In order to ensure that one file_region must hold * exactly one h_cg->css reference, we should do css_get for * each file_region and leave the reference held by caller * untouched. */ css_get(&h_cg->css); if (!resv->pages_per_hpage) resv->pages_per_hpage = pages_per_huge_page(h); /* pages_per_hpage should be the same for all entries in * a resv_map. */ VM_BUG_ON(resv->pages_per_hpage != pages_per_huge_page(h)); } else { nrg->reservation_counter = NULL; nrg->css = NULL; } #endif } static void put_uncharge_info(struct file_region *rg) { #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_HUGETLB if (rg->css) css_put(rg->css); #endif } static bool has_same_uncharge_info(struct file_region *rg, struct file_region *org) { #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_HUGETLB return rg && org && rg->reservation_counter == org->reservation_counter && rg->css == org->css; #else return true; #endif } static void coalesce_file_region(struct resv_map *resv, struct file_region *rg) { struct file_region *nrg = NULL, *prg = NULL; prg = list_prev_entry(rg, link); if (&prg->link != &resv->regions && prg->to == rg->from && has_same_uncharge_info(prg, rg)) { prg->to = rg->to; list_del(&rg->link); put_uncharge_info(rg); kfree(rg); rg = prg; } nrg = list_next_entry(rg, link); if (&nrg->link != &resv->regions && nrg->from == rg->to && has_same_uncharge_info(nrg, rg)) { nrg->from = rg->from; list_del(&rg->link); put_uncharge_info(rg); kfree(rg); } } /* * Must be called with resv->lock held. * * Calling this with regions_needed != NULL will count the number of pages * to be added but will not modify the linked list. And regions_needed will * indicate the number of file_regions needed in the cache to carry out to add * the regions for this range. */ static long add_reservation_in_range(struct resv_map *resv, long f, long t, struct hugetlb_cgroup *h_cg, struct hstate *h, long *regions_needed) { long add = 0; struct list_head *head = &resv->regions; long last_accounted_offset = f; struct file_region *rg = NULL, *trg = NULL, *nrg = NULL; if (regions_needed) *regions_needed = 0; /* In this loop, we essentially handle an entry for the range * [last_accounted_offset, rg->from), at every iteration, with some * bounds checking. */ list_for_each_entry_safe(rg, trg, head, link) { /* Skip irrelevant regions that start before our range. */ if (rg->from < f) { /* If this region ends after the last accounted offset, * then we need to update last_accounted_offset. */ if (rg->to > last_accounted_offset) last_accounted_offset = rg->to; continue; } /* When we find a region that starts beyond our range, we've * finished. */ if (rg->from > t) break; /* Add an entry for last_accounted_offset -> rg->from, and * update last_accounted_offset. */ if (rg->from > last_accounted_offset) { add += rg->from - last_accounted_offset; if (!regions_needed) { nrg = get_file_region_entry_from_cache( resv, last_accounted_offset, rg->from); record_hugetlb_cgroup_uncharge_info(h_cg, h, resv, nrg); list_add(&nrg->link, rg->link.prev); coalesce_file_region(resv, nrg); } else *regions_needed += 1; } last_accounted_offset = rg->to; } /* Handle the case where our range extends beyond * last_accounted_offset. */ if (last_accounted_offset < t) { add += t - last_accounted_offset; if (!regions_needed) { nrg = get_file_region_entry_from_cache( resv, last_accounted_offset, t); record_hugetlb_cgroup_uncharge_info(h_cg, h, resv, nrg); list_add(&nrg->link, rg->link.prev); coalesce_file_region(resv, nrg); } else *regions_needed += 1; } VM_BUG_ON(add < 0); return add; } /* Must be called with resv->lock acquired. Will drop lock to allocate entries. */ static int allocate_file_region_entries(struct resv_map *resv, int regions_needed) __must_hold(&resv->lock) { struct list_head allocated_regions; int to_allocate = 0, i = 0; struct file_region *trg = NULL, *rg = NULL; VM_BUG_ON(regions_needed < 0); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&allocated_regions); /* * Check for sufficient descriptors in the cache to accommodate * the number of in progress add operations plus regions_needed. * * This is a while loop because when we drop the lock, some other call * to region_add or region_del may have consumed some region_entries, * so we keep looping here until we finally have enough entries for * (adds_in_progress + regions_needed). */ while (resv->region_cache_count < (resv->adds_in_progress + regions_needed)) { to_allocate = resv->adds_in_progress + regions_needed - resv->region_cache_count; /* At this point, we should have enough entries in the cache * for all the existings adds_in_progress. We should only be * needing to allocate for regions_needed. */ VM_BUG_ON(resv->region_cache_count < resv->adds_in_progress); spin_unlock(&resv->lock); for (i = 0; i < to_allocate; i++) { trg = kmalloc(sizeof(*trg), GFP_KERNEL); if (!trg) goto out_of_memory; list_add(&trg->link, &allocated_regions); } spin_lock(&resv->lock); list_splice(&allocated_regions, &resv->region_cache); resv->region_cache_count += to_allocate; } return 0; out_of_memory: list_for_each_entry_safe(rg, trg, &allocated_regions, link) { list_del(&rg->link); kfree(rg); } return -ENOMEM; } /* * Add the huge page range represented by [f, t) to the reserve * map. Regions will be taken from the cache to fill in this range. * Sufficient regions should exist in the cache due to the previous * call to region_chg with the same range, but in some cases the cache will not * have sufficient entries due to races with other code doing region_add or * region_del. The extra needed entries will be allocated. * * regions_needed is the out value provided by a previous call to region_chg. * * Return the number of new huge pages added to the map. This number is greater * than or equal to zero. If file_region entries needed to be allocated for * this operation and we were not able to allocate, it returns -ENOMEM. * region_add of regions of length 1 never allocate file_regions and cannot * fail; region_chg will always allocate at least 1 entry and a region_add for * 1 page will only require at most 1 entry. */ static long region_add(struct resv_map *resv, long f, long t, long in_regions_needed, struct hstate *h, struct hugetlb_cgroup *h_cg) { long add = 0, actual_regions_needed = 0; spin_lock(&resv->lock); retry: /* Count how many regions are actually needed to execute this add. */ add_reservation_in_range(resv, f, t, NULL, NULL, &actual_regions_needed); /* * Check for sufficient descriptors in the cache to accommodate * this add operation. Note that actual_regions_needed may be greater * than in_regions_needed, as the resv_map may have been modified since * the region_chg call. In this case, we need to make sure that we * allocate extra entries, such that we have enough for all the * existing adds_in_progress, plus the excess needed for this * operation. */ if (actual_regions_needed > in_regions_needed && resv->region_cache_count < resv->adds_in_progress + (actual_regions_needed - in_regions_needed)) { /* region_add operation of range 1 should never need to * allocate file_region entries. */ VM_BUG_ON(t - f <= 1); if (allocate_file_region_entries( resv, actual_regions_needed - in_regions_needed)) { return -ENOMEM; } goto retry; } add = add_reservation_in_range(resv, f, t, h_cg, h, NULL); resv->adds_in_progress -= in_regions_needed; spin_unlock(&resv->lock); VM_BUG_ON(add < 0); return add; } /* * Examine the existing reserve map and determine how many * huge pages in the specified range [f, t) are NOT currently * represented. This routine is called before a subsequent * call to region_add that will actually modify the reserve * map to add the specified range [f, t). region_chg does * not change the number of huge pages represented by the * map. A number of new file_region structures is added to the cache as a * placeholder, for the subsequent region_add call to use. At least 1 * file_region structure is added. * * out_regions_needed is the number of regions added to the * resv->adds_in_progress. This value needs to be provided to a follow up call * to region_add or region_abort for proper accounting. * * Returns the number of huge pages that need to be added to the existing * reservation map for the range [f, t). This number is greater or equal to * zero. -ENOMEM is returned if a new file_region structure or cache entry * is needed and can not be allocated. */ static long region_chg(struct resv_map *resv, long f, long t, long *out_regions_needed) { long chg = 0; spin_lock(&resv->lock); /* Count how many hugepages in this range are NOT represented. */ chg = add_reservation_in_range(resv, f, t, NULL, NULL, out_regions_needed); if (*out_regions_needed == 0) *out_regions_needed = 1; if (allocate_file_region_entries(resv, *out_regions_needed)) return -ENOMEM; resv->adds_in_progress += *out_regions_needed; spin_unlock(&resv->lock); return chg; } /* * Abort the in progress add operation. The adds_in_progress field * of the resv_map keeps track of the operations in progress between * calls to region_chg and region_add. Operations are sometimes * aborted after the call to region_chg. In such cases, region_abort * is called to decrement the adds_in_progress counter. regions_needed * is the value returned by the region_chg call, it is used to decrement * the adds_in_progress counter. * * NOTE: The range arguments [f, t) are not needed or used in this * routine. They are kept to make reading the calling code easier as * arguments will match the associated region_chg call. */ static void region_abort(struct resv_map *resv, long f, long t, long regions_needed) { spin_lock(&resv->lock); VM_BUG_ON(!resv->region_cache_count); resv->adds_in_progress -= regions_needed; spin_unlock(&resv->lock); } /* * Delete the specified range [f, t) from the reserve map. If the * t parameter is LONG_MAX, this indicates that ALL regions after f * should be deleted. Locate the regions which intersect [f, t) * and either trim, delete or split the existing regions. * * Returns the number of huge pages deleted from the reserve map. * In the normal case, the return value is zero or more. In the * case where a region must be split, a new region descriptor must * be allocated. If the allocation fails, -ENOMEM will be returned. * NOTE: If the parameter t == LONG_MAX, then we will never split * a region and possibly return -ENOMEM. Callers specifying * t == LONG_MAX do not need to check for -ENOMEM error. */ static long region_del(struct resv_map *resv, long f, long t) { struct list_head *head = &resv->regions; struct file_region *rg, *trg; struct file_region *nrg = NULL; long del = 0; retry: spin_lock(&resv->lock); list_for_each_entry_safe(rg, trg, head, link) { /* * Skip regions before the range to be deleted. file_region * ranges are normally of the form [from, to). However, there * may be a "placeholder" entry in the map which is of the form * (from, to) with from == to. Check for placeholder entries * at the beginning of the range to be deleted. */ if (rg->to <= f && (rg->to != rg->from || rg->to != f)) continue; if (rg->from >= t) break; if (f > rg->from && t < rg->to) { /* Must split region */ /* * Check for an entry in the cache before dropping * lock and attempting allocation. */ if (!nrg && resv->region_cache_count > resv->adds_in_progress) { nrg = list_first_entry(&resv->region_cache, struct file_region, link); list_del(&nrg->link); resv->region_cache_count--; } if (!nrg) { spin_unlock(&resv->lock); nrg = kmalloc(sizeof(*nrg), GFP_KERNEL); if (!nrg) return -ENOMEM; goto retry; } del += t - f; hugetlb_cgroup_uncharge_file_region( resv, rg, t - f, false); /* New entry for end of split region */ nrg->from = t; nrg->to = rg->to; copy_hugetlb_cgroup_uncharge_info(nrg, rg); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&nrg->link); /* Original entry is trimmed */ rg->to = f; list_add(&nrg->link, &rg->link); nrg = NULL; break; } if (f <= rg->from && t >= rg->to) { /* Remove entire region */ del += rg->to - rg->from; hugetlb_cgroup_uncharge_file_region(resv, rg, rg->to - rg->from, true); list_del(&rg->link); kfree(rg); continue; } if (f <= rg->from) { /* Trim beginning of region */ hugetlb_cgroup_uncharge_file_region(resv, rg, t - rg->from, false); del += t - rg->from; rg->from = t; } else { /* Trim end of region */ hugetlb_cgroup_uncharge_file_region(resv, rg, rg->to - f, false); del += rg->to - f; rg->to = f; } } spin_unlock(&resv->lock); kfree(nrg); return del; } /* * A rare out of memory error was encountered which prevented removal of * the reserve map region for a page. The huge page itself was free'ed * and removed from the page cache. This routine will adjust the subpool * usage count, and the global reserve count if needed. By incrementing * these counts, the reserve map entry which could not be deleted will * appear as a "reserved" entry instead of simply dangling with incorrect * counts. */ void hugetlb_fix_reserve_counts(struct inode *inode) { struct hugepage_subpool *spool = subpool_inode(inode); long rsv_adjust; bool reserved = false; rsv_adjust = hugepage_subpool_get_pages(spool, 1); if (rsv_adjust > 0) { struct hstate *h = hstate_inode(inode); if (!hugetlb_acct_memory(h, 1)) reserved = true; } else if (!rsv_adjust) { reserved = true; } if (!reserved) pr_warn("hugetlb: Huge Page Reserved count may go negative.\n"); } /* * Count and return the number of huge pages in the reserve map * that intersect with the range [f, t). */ static long region_count(struct resv_map *resv, long f, long t) { struct list_head *head = &resv->regions; struct file_region *rg; long chg = 0; spin_lock(&resv->lock); /* Locate each segment we overlap with, and count that overlap. */ list_for_each_entry(rg, head, link) { long seg_from; long seg_to; if (rg->to <= f) continue; if (rg->from >= t) break; seg_from = max(rg->from, f); seg_to = min(rg->to, t); chg += seg_to - seg_from; } spin_unlock(&resv->lock); return chg; } /* * Convert the address within this vma to the page offset within * the mapping, in pagecache page units; huge pages here. */ static pgoff_t vma_hugecache_offset(struct hstate *h, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address) { return ((address - vma->vm_start) >> huge_page_shift(h)) + (vma->vm_pgoff >> huge_page_order(h)); } pgoff_t linear_hugepage_index(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address) { return vma_hugecache_offset(hstate_vma(vma), vma, address); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(linear_hugepage_index); /* * Return the size of the pages allocated when backing a VMA. In the majority * cases this will be same size as used by the page table entries. */ unsigned long vma_kernel_pagesize(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->pagesize) return vma->vm_ops->pagesize(vma); return PAGE_SIZE; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vma_kernel_pagesize); /* * Return the page size being used by the MMU to back a VMA. In the majority * of cases, the page size used by the kernel matches the MMU size. On * architectures where it differs, an architecture-specific 'strong' * version of this symbol is required. */ __weak unsigned long vma_mmu_pagesize(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return vma_kernel_pagesize(vma); } /* * Flags for MAP_PRIVATE reservations. These are stored in the bottom * bits of the reservation map pointer, which are always clear due to * alignment. */ #define HPAGE_RESV_OWNER (1UL << 0) #define HPAGE_RESV_UNMAPPED (1UL << 1) #define HPAGE_RESV_MASK (HPAGE_RESV_OWNER | HPAGE_RESV_UNMAPPED) /* * These helpers are used to track how many pages are reserved for * faults in a MAP_PRIVATE mapping. Only the process that called mmap() * is guaranteed to have their future faults succeed. * * With the exception of reset_vma_resv_huge_pages() which is called at fork(), * the reserve counters are updated with the hugetlb_lock held. It is safe * to reset the VMA at fork() time as it is not in use yet and there is no * chance of the global counters getting corrupted as a result of the values. * * The private mapping reservation is represented in a subtly different * manner to a shared mapping. A shared mapping has a region map associated * with the underlying file, this region map represents the backing file * pages which have ever had a reservation assigned which this persists even * after the page is instantiated. A private mapping has a region map * associated with the original mmap which is attached to all VMAs which * reference it, this region map represents those offsets which have consumed * reservation ie. where pages have been instantiated. */ static unsigned long get_vma_private_data(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return (unsigned long)vma->vm_private_data; } static void set_vma_private_data(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long value) { vma->vm_private_data = (void *)value; } static void resv_map_set_hugetlb_cgroup_uncharge_info(struct resv_map *resv_map, struct hugetlb_cgroup *h_cg, struct hstate *h) { #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_HUGETLB if (!h_cg || !h) { resv_map->reservation_counter = NULL; resv_map->pages_per_hpage = 0; resv_map->css = NULL; } else { resv_map->reservation_counter = &h_cg->rsvd_hugepage[hstate_index(h)]; resv_map->pages_per_hpage = pages_per_huge_page(h); resv_map->css = &h_cg->css; } #endif } struct resv_map *resv_map_alloc(void) { struct resv_map *resv_map = kmalloc(sizeof(*resv_map), GFP_KERNEL); struct file_region *rg = kmalloc(sizeof(*rg), GFP_KERNEL); if (!resv_map || !rg) { kfree(resv_map); kfree(rg); return NULL; } kref_init(&resv_map->refs); spin_lock_init(&resv_map->lock); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&resv_map->regions); resv_map->adds_in_progress = 0; /* * Initialize these to 0. On shared mappings, 0's here indicate these * fields don't do cgroup accounting. On private mappings, these will be * re-initialized to the proper values, to indicate that hugetlb cgroup * reservations are to be un-charged from here. */ resv_map_set_hugetlb_cgroup_uncharge_info(resv_map, NULL, NULL); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&resv_map->region_cache); list_add(&rg->link, &resv_map->region_cache); resv_map->region_cache_count = 1; return resv_map; } void resv_map_release(struct kref *ref) { struct resv_map *resv_map = container_of(ref, struct resv_map, refs); struct list_head *head = &resv_map->region_cache; struct file_region *rg, *trg; /* Clear out any active regions before we release the map. */ region_del(resv_map, 0, LONG_MAX); /* ... and any entries left in the cache */ list_for_each_entry_safe(rg, trg, head, link) { list_del(&rg->link); kfree(rg); } VM_BUG_ON(resv_map->adds_in_progress); kfree(resv_map); } static inline struct resv_map *inode_resv_map(struct inode *inode) { /* * At inode evict time, i_mapping may not point to the original * address space within the inode. This original address space * contains the pointer to the resv_map. So, always use the * address space embedded within the inode. * The VERY common case is inode->mapping == &inode->i_data but, * this may not be true for device special inodes. */ return (struct resv_map *)(&inode->i_data)->private_data; } static struct resv_map *vma_resv_map(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { VM_BUG_ON_VMA(!is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma), vma); if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MAYSHARE) { struct address_space *mapping = vma->vm_file->f_mapping; struct inode *inode = mapping->host; return inode_resv_map(inode); } else { return (struct resv_map *)(get_vma_private_data(vma) & ~HPAGE_RESV_MASK); } } static void set_vma_resv_map(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct resv_map *map) { VM_BUG_ON_VMA(!is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma), vma); VM_BUG_ON_VMA(vma->vm_flags & VM_MAYSHARE, vma); set_vma_private_data(vma, (get_vma_private_data(vma) & HPAGE_RESV_MASK) | (unsigned long)map); } static void set_vma_resv_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long flags) { VM_BUG_ON_VMA(!is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma), vma); VM_BUG_ON_VMA(vma->vm_flags & VM_MAYSHARE, vma); set_vma_private_data(vma, get_vma_private_data(vma) | flags); } static int is_vma_resv_set(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long flag) { VM_BUG_ON_VMA(!is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma), vma); return (get_vma_private_data(vma) & flag) != 0; } /* Reset counters to 0 and clear all HPAGE_RESV_* flags */ void reset_vma_resv_huge_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { VM_BUG_ON_VMA(!is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma), vma); if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_MAYSHARE)) vma->vm_private_data = (void *)0; } /* Returns true if the VMA has associated reserve pages */ static bool vma_has_reserves(struct vm_area_struct *vma, long chg) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_NORESERVE) { /* * This address is already reserved by other process(chg == 0), * so, we should decrement reserved count. Without decrementing, * reserve count remains after releasing inode, because this * allocated page will go into page cache and is regarded as * coming from reserved pool in releasing step. Currently, we * don't have any other solution to deal with this situation * properly, so add work-around here. */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MAYSHARE && chg == 0) return true; else return false; } /* Shared mappings always use reserves */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MAYSHARE) { /* * We know VM_NORESERVE is not set. Therefore, there SHOULD * be a region map for all pages. The only situation where * there is no region map is if a hole was punched via * fallocate. In this case, there really are no reserves to * use. This situation is indicated if chg != 0. */ if (chg) return false; else return true; } /* * Only the process that called mmap() has reserves for * private mappings. */ if (is_vma_resv_set(vma, HPAGE_RESV_OWNER)) { /* * Like the shared case above, a hole punch or truncate * could have been performed on the private mapping. * Examine the value of chg to determine if reserves * actually exist or were previously consumed. * Very Subtle - The value of chg comes from a previous * call to vma_needs_reserves(). The reserve map for * private mappings has different (opposite) semantics * than that of shared mappings. vma_needs_reserves() * has already taken this difference in semantics into * account. Therefore, the meaning of chg is the same * as in the shared case above. Code could easily be * combined, but keeping it separate draws attention to * subtle differences. */ if (chg) return false; else return true; } return false; } static void enqueue_huge_page(struct hstate *h, struct page *page) { int nid = page_to_nid(page); list_move(&page->lru, &h->hugepage_freelists[nid]); h->free_huge_pages++; h->free_huge_pages_node[nid]++; SetPageHugeFreed(page); } static struct page *dequeue_huge_page_node_exact(struct hstate *h, int nid) { struct page *page; bool nocma = !!(current->flags & PF_MEMALLOC_NOCMA); list_for_each_entry(page, &h->hugepage_freelists[nid], lru) { if (nocma && is_migrate_cma_page(page)) continue; if (PageHWPoison(page)) continue; list_move(&page->lru, &h->hugepage_activelist); set_page_refcounted(page); ClearPageHugeFreed(page); h->free_huge_pages--; h->free_huge_pages_node[nid]--; return page; } return NULL; } static struct page *dequeue_huge_page_nodemask(struct hstate *h, gfp_t gfp_mask, int nid, nodemask_t *nmask) { unsigned int cpuset_mems_cookie; struct zonelist *zonelist; struct zone *zone; struct zoneref *z; int node = NUMA_NO_NODE; zonelist = node_zonelist(nid, gfp_mask); retry_cpuset: cpuset_mems_cookie = read_mems_allowed_begin(); for_each_zone_zonelist_nodemask(zone, z, zonelist, gfp_zone(gfp_mask), nmask) { struct page *page; if (!cpuset_zone_allowed(zone, gfp_mask)) continue; /* * no need to ask again on the same node. Pool is node rather than * zone aware */ if (zone_to_nid(zone) == node) continue; node = zone_to_nid(zone); page = dequeue_huge_page_node_exact(h, node); if (page) return page; } if (unlikely(read_mems_allowed_retry(cpuset_mems_cookie))) goto retry_cpuset; return NULL; } static struct page *dequeue_huge_page_vma(struct hstate *h, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, int avoid_reserve, long chg) { struct page *page; struct mempolicy *mpol; gfp_t gfp_mask; nodemask_t *nodemask; int nid; /* * A child process with MAP_PRIVATE mappings created by their parent * have no page reserves. This check ensures that reservations are * not "stolen". The child may still get SIGKILLed */ if (!vma_has_reserves(vma, chg) && h->free_huge_pages - h->resv_huge_pages == 0) goto err; /* If reserves cannot be used, ensure enough pages are in the pool */ if (avoid_reserve && h->free_huge_pages - h->resv_huge_pages == 0) goto err; gfp_mask = htlb_alloc_mask(h); nid = huge_node(vma, address, gfp_mask, &mpol, &nodemask); page = dequeue_huge_page_nodemask(h, gfp_mask, nid, nodemask); if (page && !avoid_reserve && vma_has_reserves(vma, chg)) { SetPagePrivate(page); h->resv_huge_pages--; } mpol_cond_put(mpol); return page; err: return NULL; } /* * common helper functions for hstate_next_node_to_{alloc|free}. * We may have allocated or freed a huge page based on a different * nodes_allowed previously, so h->next_node_to_{alloc|free} might * be outside of *nodes_allowed. Ensure that we use an allowed * node for alloc or free. */ static int next_node_allowed(int nid, nodemask_t *nodes_allowed) { nid = next_node_in(nid, *nodes_allowed); VM_BUG_ON(nid >= MAX_NUMNODES); return nid; } static int get_valid_node_allowed(int nid, nodemask_t *nodes_allowed) { if (!node_isset(nid, *nodes_allowed)) nid = next_node_allowed(nid, nodes_allowed); return nid; } /* * returns the previously saved node ["this node"] from which to * allocate a persistent huge page for the pool and advance the * next node from which to allocate, handling wrap at end of node * mask. */ static int hstate_next_node_to_alloc(struct hstate *h, nodemask_t *nodes_allowed) { int nid; VM_BUG_ON(!nodes_allowed); nid = get_valid_node_allowed(h->next_nid_to_alloc, nodes_allowed); h->next_nid_to_alloc = next_node_allowed(nid, nodes_allowed); return nid; } /* * helper for free_pool_huge_page() - return the previously saved * node ["this node"] from which to free a huge page. Advance the * next node id whether or not we find a free huge page to free so * that the next attempt to free addresses the next node. */ static int hstate_next_node_to_free(struct hstate *h, nodemask_t *nodes_allowed) { int nid; VM_BUG_ON(!nodes_allowed); nid = get_valid_node_allowed(h->next_nid_to_free, nodes_allowed); h->next_nid_to_free = next_node_allowed(nid, nodes_allowed); return nid; } #define for_each_node_mask_to_alloc(hs, nr_nodes, node, mask) \ for (nr_nodes = nodes_weight(*mask); \ nr_nodes > 0 && \ ((node = hstate_next_node_to_alloc(hs, mask)) || 1); \ nr_nodes--) #define for_each_node_mask_to_free(hs, nr_nodes, node, mask) \ for (nr_nodes = nodes_weight(*mask); \ nr_nodes > 0 && \ ((node = hstate_next_node_to_free(hs, mask)) || 1); \ nr_nodes--) #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_GIGANTIC_PAGE static void destroy_compound_gigantic_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order) { int i; int nr_pages = 1 << order; struct page *p = page + 1; atomic_set(compound_mapcount_ptr(page), 0); atomic_set(compound_pincount_ptr(page), 0); for (i = 1; i < nr_pages; i++, p = mem_map_next(p, page, i)) { clear_compound_head(p); set_page_refcounted(p); } set_compound_order(page, 0); page[1].compound_nr = 0; __ClearPageHead(page); } static void free_gigantic_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order) { /* * If the page isn't allocated using the cma allocator, * cma_release() returns false. */ #ifdef CONFIG_CMA if (cma_release(hugetlb_cma[page_to_nid(page)], page, 1 << order)) return; #endif free_contig_range(page_to_pfn(page), 1 << order); } #ifdef CONFIG_CONTIG_ALLOC static struct page *alloc_gigantic_page(struct hstate *h, gfp_t gfp_mask, int nid, nodemask_t *nodemask) { unsigned long nr_pages = 1UL << huge_page_order(h); if (nid == NUMA_NO_NODE) nid = numa_mem_id(); #ifdef CONFIG_CMA { struct page *page; int node; if (hugetlb_cma[nid]) { page = cma_alloc(hugetlb_cma[nid], nr_pages, huge_page_order(h), true); if (page) return page; } if (!(gfp_mask & __GFP_THISNODE)) { for_each_node_mask(node, *nodemask) { if (node == nid || !hugetlb_cma[node]) continue; page = cma_alloc(hugetlb_cma[node], nr_pages, huge_page_order(h), true); if (page) return page; } } } #endif return alloc_contig_pages(nr_pages, gfp_mask, nid, nodemask); } #else /* !CONFIG_CONTIG_ALLOC */ static struct page *alloc_gigantic_page(struct hstate *h, gfp_t gfp_mask, int nid, nodemask_t *nodemask) { return NULL; } #endif /* CONFIG_CONTIG_ALLOC */ #else /* !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_GIGANTIC_PAGE */ static struct page *alloc_gigantic_page(struct hstate *h, gfp_t gfp_mask, int nid, nodemask_t *nodemask) { return NULL; } static inline void free_gigantic_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order) { } static inline void destroy_compound_gigantic_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order) { } #endif static void update_and_free_page(struct hstate *h, struct page *page) { int i; struct page *subpage = page; if (hstate_is_gigantic(h) && !gigantic_page_runtime_supported()) return; h->nr_huge_pages--; h->nr_huge_pages_node[page_to_nid(page)]--; for (i = 0; i < pages_per_huge_page(h); i++, subpage = mem_map_next(subpage, page, i)) { subpage->flags &= ~(1 << PG_locked | 1 << PG_error | 1 << PG_referenced | 1 << PG_dirty | 1 << PG_active | 1 << PG_private | 1 << PG_writeback); } VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(hugetlb_cgroup_from_page(page), page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(hugetlb_cgroup_from_page_rsvd(page), page); set_compound_page_dtor(page, NULL_COMPOUND_DTOR); set_page_refcounted(page); if (hstate_is_gigantic(h)) { /* * Temporarily drop the hugetlb_lock, because * we might block in free_gigantic_page(). */ spin_unlock(&hugetlb_lock); destroy_compound_gigantic_page(page, huge_page_order(h)); free_gigantic_page(page, huge_page_order(h)); spin_lock(&hugetlb_lock); } else { __free_pages(page, huge_page_order(h)); } } struct hstate *size_to_hstate(unsigned long size) { struct hstate *h; for_each_hstate(h) { if (huge_page_size(h) == size) return h; } return NULL; } /* * Test to determine whether the hugepage is "active/in-use" (i.e. being linked * to hstate->hugepage_activelist.) * * This function can be called for tail pages, but never returns true for them. */ bool page_huge_active(struct page *page) { return PageHeadHuge(page) && PagePrivate(&page[1]); } /* never called for tail page */ void set_page_huge_active(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageHeadHuge(page), page); SetPagePrivate(&page[1]); } static void clear_page_huge_active(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageHeadHuge(page), page); ClearPagePrivate(&page[1]); } /* * Internal hugetlb specific page flag. Do not use outside of the hugetlb * code */ static inline bool PageHugeTemporary(struct page *page) { if (!PageHuge(page)) return false; return (unsigned long)page[2].mapping == -1U; } static inline void SetPageHugeTemporary(struct page *page) { page[2].mapping = (void *)-1U; } static inline void ClearPageHugeTemporary(struct page *page) { page[2].mapping = NULL; } static void __free_huge_page(struct page *page) { /* * Can't pass hstate in here because it is called from the * compound page destructor. */ struct hstate *h = page_hstate(page); int nid = page_to_nid(page); struct hugepage_subpool *spool = (struct hugepage_subpool *)page_private(page); bool restore_reserve; VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_count(page), page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_mapcount(page), page); set_page_private(page, 0); page->mapping = NULL; restore_reserve = PagePrivate(page); ClearPagePrivate(page); /* * If PagePrivate() was set on page, page allocation consumed a * reservation. If the page was associated with a subpool, there * would have been a page reserved in the subpool before allocation * via hugepage_subpool_get_pages(). Since we are 'restoring' the * reservtion, do not call hugepage_subpool_put_pages() as this will * remove the reserved page from the subpool. */ if (!restore_reserve) { /* * A return code of zero implies that the subpool will be * under its minimum size if the reservation is not restored * after page is free. Therefore, force restore_reserve * operation. */ if (hugepage_subpool_put_pages(spool, 1) == 0) restore_reserve = true; } spin_lock(&hugetlb_lock); clear_page_huge_active(page); hugetlb_cgroup_uncharge_page(hstate_index(h), pages_per_huge_page(h), page); hugetlb_cgroup_uncharge_page_rsvd(hstate_index(h), pages_per_huge_page(h), page); if (restore_reserve) h->resv_huge_pages++; if (PageHugeTemporary(page)) { list_del(&page->lru); ClearPageHugeTemporary(page); update_and_free_page(h, page); } else if (h->surplus_huge_pages_node[nid]) { /* remove the page from active list */ list_del(&page->lru); update_and_free_page(h, page); h->surplus_huge_pages--; h->surplus_huge_pages_node[nid]--; } else { arch_clear_hugepage_flags(page); enqueue_huge_page(h, page); } spin_unlock(&hugetlb_lock); } /* * As free_huge_page() can be called from a non-task context, we have * to defer the actual freeing in a workqueue to prevent potential * hugetlb_lock deadlock. * * free_hpage_workfn() locklessly retrieves the linked list of pages to * be freed and frees them one-by-one. As the page->mapping pointer is * going to be cleared in __free_huge_page() anyway, it is reused as the * llist_node structure of a lockless linked list of huge pages to be freed. */ static LLIST_HEAD(hpage_freelist); static void free_hpage_workfn(struct work_struct *work) { struct llist_node *node; struct page *page; node = llist_del_all(&hpage_freelist); while (node) { page = container_of((struct address_space **)node, struct page, mapping); node = node->next; __free_huge_page(page); } } static DECLARE_WORK(free_hpage_work, free_hpage_workfn); void free_huge_page(struct page *page) { /* * Defer freeing if in non-task context to avoid hugetlb_lock deadlock. */ if (!in_task()) { /* * Only call schedule_work() if hpage_freelist is previously * empty. Otherwise, schedule_work() had been called but the * workfn hasn't retrieved the list yet. */ if (llist_add((struct llist_node *)&page->mapping, &hpage_freelist)) schedule_work(&free_hpage_work); return; } __free_huge_page(page); } static void prep_new_huge_page(struct hstate *h, struct page *page, int nid) { INIT_LIST_HEAD(&page->lru); set_compound_page_dtor(page, HUGETLB_PAGE_DTOR); set_hugetlb_cgroup(page, NULL); set_hugetlb_cgroup_rsvd(page, NULL); spin_lock(&hugetlb_lock); h->nr_huge_pages++; h->nr_huge_pages_node[nid]++; ClearPageHugeFreed(page); spin_unlock(&hugetlb_lock); } static void prep_compound_gigantic_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order) { int i; int nr_pages = 1 << order; struct page *p = page + 1; /* we rely on prep_new_huge_page to set the destructor */ set_compound_order(page, order); __ClearPageReserved(page); __SetPageHead(page); for (i = 1; i < nr_pages; i++, p = mem_map_next(p, page, i)) { /* * For gigantic hugepages allocated through bootmem at * boot, it's safer to be consistent with the not-gigantic * hugepages and clear the PG_reserved bit from all tail pages * too. Otherwise drivers using get_user_pages() to access tail * pages may get the reference counting wrong if they see * PG_reserved set on a tail page (despite the head page not * having PG_reserved set). Enforcing this consistency between * head and tail pages allows drivers to optimize away a check * on the head page when they need know if put_page() is needed * after get_user_pages(). */ __ClearPageReserved(p); set_page_count(p, 0); set_compound_head(p, page); } atomic_set(compound_mapcount_ptr(page), -1); atomic_set(compound_pincount_ptr(page), 0); } /* * PageHuge() only returns true for hugetlbfs pages, but not for normal or * transparent huge pages. See the PageTransHuge() documentation for more * details. */ int PageHuge(struct page *page) { if (!PageCompound(page)) return 0; page = compound_head(page); return page[1].compound_dtor == HUGETLB_PAGE_DTOR; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(PageHuge); /* * PageHeadHuge() only returns true for hugetlbfs head page, but not for * normal or transparent huge pages. */ int PageHeadHuge(struct page *page_head) { if (!PageHead(page_head)) return 0; return page_head[1].compound_dtor == HUGETLB_PAGE_DTOR; } /* * Find and lock address space (mapping) in write mode. * * Upon entry, the page is locked which means that page_mapping() is * stable. Due to locking order, we can only trylock_write. If we can * not get the lock, simply return NULL to caller. */ struct address_space *hugetlb_page_mapping_lock_write(struct page *hpage) { struct address_space *mapping = page_mapping(hpage); if (!mapping) return mapping; if (i_mmap_trylock_write(mapping)) return mapping; return NULL; } pgoff_t hugetlb_basepage_index(struct page *page) { struct page *page_head = compound_head(page); pgoff_t index = page_index(page_head); unsigned long compound_idx; if (compound_order(page_head) >= MAX_ORDER) compound_idx = page_to_pfn(page) - page_to_pfn(page_head); else compound_idx = page - page_head; return (index << compound_order(page_head)) + compound_idx; } static struct page *alloc_buddy_huge_page(struct hstate *h, gfp_t gfp_mask, int nid, nodemask_t *nmask, nodemask_t *node_alloc_noretry) { int order = huge_page_order(h); struct page *page; bool alloc_try_hard = true; /* * By default we always try hard to allocate the page with * __GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL flag. However, if we are allocating pages in * a loop (to adjust global huge page counts) and previous allocation * failed, do not continue to try hard on the same node. Use the * node_alloc_noretry bitmap to manage this state information. */ if (node_alloc_noretry && node_isset(nid, *node_alloc_noretry)) alloc_try_hard = false; gfp_mask |= __GFP_COMP|__GFP_NOWARN; if (alloc_try_hard) gfp_mask |= __GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL; if (nid == NUMA_NO_NODE) nid = numa_mem_id(); page = __alloc_pages_nodemask(gfp_mask, order, nid, nmask); if (page) __count_vm_event(HTLB_BUDDY_PGALLOC); else __count_vm_event(HTLB_BUDDY_PGALLOC_FAIL); /* * If we did not specify __GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL, but still got a page this * indicates an overall state change. Clear bit so that we resume * normal 'try hard' allocations. */ if (node_alloc_noretry && page && !alloc_try_hard) node_clear(nid, *node_alloc_noretry); /* * If we tried hard to get a page but failed, set bit so that * subsequent attempts will not try as hard until there is an * overall state change. */ if (node_alloc_noretry && !page && alloc_try_hard) node_set(nid, *node_alloc_noretry); return page; } /* * Common helper to allocate a fresh hugetlb page. All specific allocators * should use this function to get new hugetlb pages */ static struct page *alloc_fresh_huge_page(struct hstate *h, gfp_t gfp_mask, int nid, nodemask_t *nmask, nodemask_t *node_alloc_noretry) { struct page *page; if (hstate_is_gigantic(h)) page = alloc_gigantic_page(h, gfp_mask, nid, nmask); else page = alloc_buddy_huge_page(h, gfp_mask, nid, nmask, node_alloc_noretry); if (!page) return NULL; if (hstate_is_gigantic(h)) prep_compound_gigantic_page(page, huge_page_order(h)); prep_new_huge_page(h, page, page_to_nid(page)); return page; } /* * Allocates a fresh page to the hugetlb allocator pool in the node interleaved * manner. */ static int alloc_pool_huge_page(struct hstate *h, nodemask_t *nodes_allowed, nodemask_t *node_alloc_noretry) { struct page *page; int nr_nodes, node; gfp_t gfp_mask = htlb_alloc_mask(h) | __GFP_THISNODE; for_each_node_mask_to_alloc(h, nr_nodes, node, nodes_allowed) { page = alloc_fresh_huge_page(h, gfp_mask, node, nodes_allowed, node_alloc_noretry); if (page) break; } if (!page) return 0; put_page(page); /* free it into the hugepage allocator */ return 1; } /* * Free huge page from pool from next node to free. * Attempt to keep persistent huge pages more or less * balanced over allowed nodes. * Called with hugetlb_lock locked. */ static int free_pool_huge_page(struct hstate *h, nodemask_t *nodes_allowed, bool acct_surplus) { int nr_nodes, node; int ret = 0; for_each_node_mask_to_free(h, nr_nodes, node, nodes_allowed) { /* * If we're returning unused surplus pages, only examine * nodes with surplus pages. */ if ((!acct_surplus || h->surplus_huge_pages_node[node]) && !list_empty(&h->hugepage_freelists[node])) { struct page *page = list_entry(h->hugepage_freelists[node].next, struct page, lru); list_del(&page->lru); h->free_huge_pages--; h->free_huge_pages_node[node]--; if (acct_surplus) { h->surplus_huge_pages--; h->surplus_huge_pages_node[node]--; } update_and_free_page(h, page); ret = 1; break; } } return ret; } /* * Dissolve a given free hugepage into free buddy pages. This function does * nothing for in-use hugepages and non-hugepages. * This function returns values like below: * * -EBUSY: failed to dissolved free hugepages or the hugepage is in-use * (allocated or reserved.) * 0: successfully dissolved free hugepages or the page is not a * hugepage (considered as already dissolved) */ int dissolve_free_huge_page(struct page *page) { int rc = -EBUSY; retry: /* Not to disrupt normal path by vainly holding hugetlb_lock */ if (!PageHuge(page)) return 0; spin_lock(&hugetlb_lock); if (!PageHuge(page)) { rc = 0; goto out; } if (!page_count(page)) { struct page *head = compound_head(page); struct hstate *h = page_hstate(head); int nid = page_to_nid(head); if (h->free_huge_pages - h->resv_huge_pages == 0) goto out; /* * We should make sure that the page is already on the free list * when it is dissolved. */ if (unlikely(!PageHugeFreed(head))) { spin_unlock(&hugetlb_lock); cond_resched(); /* * Theoretically, we should return -EBUSY when we * encounter this race. In fact, we have a chance * to successfully dissolve the page if we do a * retry. Because the race window is quite small. * If we seize this opportunity, it is an optimization * for increasing the success rate of dissolving page. */ goto retry; } /* * Move PageHWPoison flag from head page to the raw error page, * which makes any subpages rather than the error page reusable. */ if (PageHWPoison(head) && page != head) { SetPageHWPoison(page); ClearPageHWPoison(head); } list_del(&head->lru); h->free_huge_pages--; h->free_huge_pages_node[nid]--; h->max_huge_pages--; update_and_free_page(h, head); rc = 0; } out: spin_unlock(&hugetlb_lock); return rc; } /* * Dissolve free hugepages in a given pfn range. Used by memory hotplug to * make specified memory blocks removable from the system. * Note that this will dissolve a free gigantic hugepage completely, if any * part of it lies within the given range. * Also note that if dissolve_free_huge_page() returns with an error, all * free hugepages that were dissolved before that error are lost. */ int dissolve_free_huge_pages(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn) { unsigned long pfn; struct page *page; int rc = 0; if (!hugepages_supported()) return rc; for (pfn = start_pfn; pfn < end_pfn; pfn += 1 << minimum_order) { page = pfn_to_page(pfn); rc = dissolve_free_huge_page(page); if (rc) break; } return rc; } /* * Allocates a fresh surplus page from the page allocator. */ static struct page *alloc_surplus_huge_page(struct hstate *h, gfp_t gfp_mask, int nid, nodemask_t *nmask) { struct page *page = NULL; if (hstate_is_gigantic(h)) return NULL; spin_lock(&hugetlb_lock); if (h->surplus_huge_pages >= h->nr_overcommit_huge_pages) goto out_unlock; spin_unlock(&hugetlb_lock); page = alloc_fresh_huge_page(h, gfp_mask, nid, nmask, NULL); if (!page) return NULL; spin_lock(&hugetlb_lock); /* * We could have raced with the pool size change. * Double check that and simply deallocate the new page * if we would end up overcommiting the surpluses. Abuse * temporary page to workaround the nasty free_huge_page * codeflow */ if (h->surplus_huge_pages >= h->nr_overcommit_huge_pages) { SetPageHugeTemporary(page); spin_unlock(&hugetlb_lock); put_page(page); return NULL; } else { h->surplus_huge_pages++; h->surplus_huge_pages_node[page_to_nid(page)]++; } out_unlock: spin_unlock(&hugetlb_lock); return page; } static struct page *alloc_migrate_huge_page(struct hstate *h, gfp_t gfp_mask, int nid, nodemask_t *nmask) { struct page *page; if (hstate_is_gigantic(h)) return NULL; page = alloc_fresh_huge_page(h, gfp_mask, nid, nmask, NULL); if (!page) return NULL; /* * We do not account these pages as surplus because they are only * temporary and will be released properly on the last reference */ SetPageHugeTemporary(page); return page; } /* * Use the VMA's mpolicy to allocate a huge page from the buddy. */ static struct page *alloc_buddy_huge_page_with_mpol(struct hstate *h, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { struct page *page; struct mempolicy *mpol; gfp_t gfp_mask = htlb_alloc_mask(h); int nid; nodemask_t *nodemask; nid = huge_node(vma, addr, gfp_mask, &mpol, &nodemask); page = alloc_surplus_huge_page(h, gfp_mask, nid, nodemask); mpol_cond_put(mpol); return page; } /* page migration callback function */ struct page *alloc_huge_page_nodemask(struct hstate *h, int preferred_nid, nodemask_t *nmask, gfp_t gfp_mask) { spin_lock(&hugetlb_lock); if (h->free_huge_pages - h->resv_huge_pages > 0) { struct page *page; page = dequeue_huge_page_nodemask(h, gfp_mask, preferred_nid, nmask); if (page) { spin_unlock(&hugetlb_lock); return page; } } spin_unlock(&hugetlb_lock); return alloc_migrate_huge_page(h, gfp_mask, preferred_nid, nmask); } /* mempolicy aware migration callback */ struct page *alloc_huge_page_vma(struct hstate *h, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address) { struct mempolicy *mpol; nodemask_t *nodemask; struct page *page; gfp_t gfp_mask; int node; gfp_mask = htlb_alloc_mask(h); node = huge_node(vma, address, gfp_mask, &mpol, &nodemask); page = alloc_huge_page_nodemask(h, node, nodemask, gfp_mask); mpol_cond_put(mpol); return page; } /* * Increase the hugetlb pool such that it can accommodate a reservation * of size 'delta'. */ static int gather_surplus_pages(struct hstate *h, int delta) __must_hold(&hugetlb_lock) { struct list_head surplus_list; struct page *page, *tmp; int ret, i; int needed, allocated; bool alloc_ok = true; needed = (h->resv_huge_pages + delta) - h->free_huge_pages; if (needed <= 0) { h->resv_huge_pages += delta; return 0; } allocated = 0; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&surplus_list); ret = -ENOMEM; retry: spin_unlock(&hugetlb_lock); for (i = 0; i < needed; i++) { page = alloc_surplus_huge_page(h, htlb_alloc_mask(h), NUMA_NO_NODE, NULL); if (!page) { alloc_ok = false; break; } list_add(&page->lru, &surplus_list); cond_resched(); } allocated += i; /* * After retaking hugetlb_lock, we need to recalculate 'needed' * because either resv_huge_pages or free_huge_pages may have changed. */ spin_lock(&hugetlb_lock); needed = (h->resv_huge_pages + delta) - (h->free_huge_pages + allocated); if (needed > 0) { if (alloc_ok) goto retry; /* * We were not able to allocate enough pages to * satisfy the entire reservation so we free what * we've allocated so far. */ goto free; } /* * The surplus_list now contains _at_least_ the number of extra pages * needed to accommodate the reservation. Add the appropriate number * of pages to the hugetlb pool and free the extras back to the buddy * allocator. Commit the entire reservation here to prevent another * process from stealing the pages as they are added to the pool but * before they are reserved. */ needed += allocated; h->resv_huge_pages += delta; ret = 0; /* Free the needed pages to the hugetlb pool */ list_for_each_entry_safe(page, tmp, &surplus_list, lru) { if ((--needed) < 0) break; /* * This page is now managed by the hugetlb allocator and has * no users -- drop the buddy allocator's reference. */ put_page_testzero(page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_count(page), page); enqueue_huge_page(h, page); } free: spin_unlock(&hugetlb_lock); /* Free unnecessary surplus pages to the buddy allocator */ list_for_each_entry_safe(page, tmp, &surplus_list, lru) put_page(page); spin_lock(&hugetlb_lock); return ret; } /* * This routine has two main purposes: * 1) Decrement the reservation count (resv_huge_pages) by the value passed * in unused_resv_pages. This corresponds to the prior adjustments made * to the associated reservation map. * 2) Free any unused surplus pages that may have been allocated to satisfy * the reservation. As many as unused_resv_pages may be freed. * * Called with hugetlb_lock held. However, the lock could be dropped (and * reacquired) during calls to cond_resched_lock. Whenever dropping the lock, * we must make sure nobody else can claim pages we are in the process of * freeing. Do this by ensuring resv_huge_page always is greater than the * number of huge pages we plan to free when dropping the lock. */ static void return_unused_surplus_pages(struct hstate *h, unsigned long unused_resv_pages) { unsigned long nr_pages; /* Cannot return gigantic pages currently */ if (hstate_is_gigantic(h)) goto out; /* * Part (or even all) of the reservation could have been backed * by pre-allocated pages. Only free surplus pages. */ nr_pages = min(unused_resv_pages, h->surplus_huge_pages); /* * We want to release as many surplus pages as possible, spread * evenly across all nodes with memory. Iterate across these nodes * until we can no longer free unreserved surplus pages. This occurs * when the nodes with surplus pages have no free pages. * free_pool_huge_page() will balance the freed pages across the * on-line nodes with memory and will handle the hstate accounting. * * Note that we decrement resv_huge_pages as we free the pages. If * we drop the lock, resv_huge_pages will still be sufficiently large * to cover subsequent pages we may free. */ while (nr_pages--) { h->resv_huge_pages--; unused_resv_pages--; if (!free_pool_huge_page(h, &node_states[N_MEMORY], 1)) goto out; cond_resched_lock(&hugetlb_lock); } out: /* Fully uncommit the reservation */ h->resv_huge_pages -= unused_resv_pages; } /* * vma_needs_reservation, vma_commit_reservation and vma_end_reservation * are used by the huge page allocation routines to manage reservations. * * vma_needs_reservation is called to determine if the huge page at addr * within the vma has an associated reservation. If a reservation is * needed, the value 1 is returned. The caller is then responsible for * managing the global reservation and subpool usage counts. After * the huge page has been allocated, vma_commit_reservation is called * to add the page to the reservation map. If the page allocation fails, * the reservation must be ended instead of committed. vma_end_reservation * is called in such cases. * * In the normal case, vma_commit_reservation returns the same value * as the preceding vma_needs_reservation call. The only time this * is not the case is if a reserve map was changed between calls. It * is the responsibility of the caller to notice the difference and * take appropriate action. * * vma_add_reservation is used in error paths where a reservation must * be restored when a newly allocated huge page must be freed. It is * to be called after calling vma_needs_reservation to determine if a * reservation exists. */ enum vma_resv_mode { VMA_NEEDS_RESV, VMA_COMMIT_RESV, VMA_END_RESV, VMA_ADD_RESV, }; static long __vma_reservation_common(struct hstate *h, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, enum vma_resv_mode mode) { struct resv_map *resv; pgoff_t idx; long ret; long dummy_out_regions_needed; resv = vma_resv_map(vma); if (!resv) return 1; idx = vma_hugecache_offset(h, vma, addr); switch (mode) { case VMA_NEEDS_RESV: ret = region_chg(resv, idx, idx + 1, &dummy_out_regions_needed); /* We assume that vma_reservation_* routines always operate on * 1 page, and that adding to resv map a 1 page entry can only * ever require 1 region. */ VM_BUG_ON(dummy_out_regions_needed != 1); break; case VMA_COMMIT_RESV: ret = region_add(resv, idx, idx + 1, 1, NULL, NULL); /* region_add calls of range 1 should never fail. */ VM_BUG_ON(ret < 0); break; case VMA_END_RESV: region_abort(resv, idx, idx + 1, 1); ret = 0; break; case VMA_ADD_RESV: if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MAYSHARE) { ret = region_add(resv, idx, idx + 1, 1, NULL, NULL); /* region_add calls of range 1 should never fail. */ VM_BUG_ON(ret < 0); } else { region_abort(resv, idx, idx + 1, 1); ret = region_del(resv, idx, idx + 1); } break; default: BUG(); } if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MAYSHARE) return ret; else if (is_vma_resv_set(vma, HPAGE_RESV_OWNER) && ret >= 0) { /* * In most cases, reserves always exist for private mappings. * However, a file associated with mapping could have been * hole punched or truncated after reserves were consumed. * As subsequent fault on such a range will not use reserves. * Subtle - The reserve map for private mappings has the * opposite meaning than that of shared mappings. If NO * entry is in the reserve map, it means a reservation exists. * If an entry exists in the reserve map, it means the * reservation has already been consumed. As a result, the * return value of this routine is the opposite of the * value returned from reserve map manipulation routines above. */ if (ret) return 0; else return 1; } else return ret < 0 ? ret : 0; } static long vma_needs_reservation(struct hstate *h, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { return __vma_reservation_common(h, vma, addr, VMA_NEEDS_RESV); } static long vma_commit_reservation(struct hstate *h, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { return __vma_reservation_common(h, vma, addr, VMA_COMMIT_RESV); } static void vma_end_reservation(struct hstate *h, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { (void)__vma_reservation_common(h, vma, addr, VMA_END_RESV); } static long vma_add_reservation(struct hstate *h, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { return __vma_reservation_common(h, vma, addr, VMA_ADD_RESV); } /* * This routine is called to restore a reservation on error paths. In the * specific error paths, a huge page was allocated (via alloc_huge_page) * and is about to be freed. If a reservation for the page existed, * alloc_huge_page would have consumed the reservation and set PagePrivate * in the newly allocated page. When the page is freed via free_huge_page, * the global reservation count will be incremented if PagePrivate is set. * However, free_huge_page can not adjust the reserve map. Adjust the * reserve map here to be consistent with global reserve count adjustments * to be made by free_huge_page. */ static void restore_reserve_on_error(struct hstate *h, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, struct page *page) { if (unlikely(PagePrivate(page))) { long rc = vma_needs_reservation(h, vma, address); if (unlikely(rc < 0)) { /* * Rare out of memory condition in reserve map * manipulation. Clear PagePrivate so that * global reserve count will not be incremented * by free_huge_page. This will make it appear * as though the reservation for this page was * consumed. This may prevent the task from * faulting in the page at a later time. This * is better than inconsistent global huge page * accounting of reserve counts. */ ClearPagePrivate(page); } else if (rc) { rc = vma_add_reservation(h, vma, address); if (unlikely(rc < 0)) /* * See above comment about rare out of * memory condition. */ ClearPagePrivate(page); } else vma_end_reservation(h, vma, address); } } struct page *alloc_huge_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, int avoid_reserve) { struct hugepage_subpool *spool = subpool_vma(vma); struct hstate *h = hstate_vma(vma); struct page *page; long map_chg, map_commit; long gbl_chg; int ret, idx; struct hugetlb_cgroup *h_cg; bool deferred_reserve; idx = hstate_index(h); /* * Examine the region/reserve map to determine if the process * has a reservation for the page to be allocated. A return * code of zero indicates a reservation exists (no change). */ map_chg = gbl_chg = vma_needs_reservation(h, vma, addr); if (map_chg < 0) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); /* * Processes that did not create the mapping will have no * reserves as indicated by the region/reserve map. Check * that the allocation will not exceed the subpool limit. * Allocations for MAP_NORESERVE mappings also need to be * checked against any subpool limit. */ if (map_chg || avoid_reserve) { gbl_chg = hugepage_subpool_get_pages(spool, 1); if (gbl_chg < 0) { vma_end_reservation(h, vma, addr); return ERR_PTR(-ENOSPC); } /* * Even though there was no reservation in the region/reserve * map, there could be reservations associated with the * subpool that can be used. This would be indicated if the * return value of hugepage_subpool_get_pages() is zero. * However, if avoid_reserve is specified we still avoid even * the subpool reservations. */ if (avoid_reserve) gbl_chg = 1; } /* If this allocation is not consuming a reservation, charge it now. */ deferred_reserve = map_chg || avoid_reserve || !vma_resv_map(vma); if (deferred_reserve) { ret = hugetlb_cgroup_charge_cgroup_rsvd( idx, pages_per_huge_page(h), &h_cg); if (ret) goto out_subpool_put; } ret = hugetlb_cgroup_charge_cgroup(idx, pages_per_huge_page(h), &h_cg); if (ret) goto out_uncharge_cgroup_reservation; spin_lock(&hugetlb_lock); /* * glb_chg is passed to indicate whether or not a page must be taken * from the global free pool (global change). gbl_chg == 0 indicates * a reservation exists for the allocation. */ page = dequeue_huge_page_vma(h, vma, addr, avoid_reserve, gbl_chg); if (!page) { spin_unlock(&hugetlb_lock); page = alloc_buddy_huge_page_with_mpol(h, vma, addr); if (!page) goto out_uncharge_cgroup; if (!avoid_reserve && vma_has_reserves(vma, gbl_chg)) { SetPagePrivate(page); h->resv_huge_pages--; } spin_lock(&hugetlb_lock); list_add(&page->lru, &h->hugepage_activelist); /* Fall through */ } hugetlb_cgroup_commit_charge(idx, pages_per_huge_page(h), h_cg, page); /* If allocation is not consuming a reservation, also store the * hugetlb_cgroup pointer on the page. */ if (deferred_reserve) { hugetlb_cgroup_commit_charge_rsvd(idx, pages_per_huge_page(h), h_cg, page); } spin_unlock(&hugetlb_lock); set_page_private(page, (unsigned long)spool); map_commit = vma_commit_reservation(h, vma, addr); if (unlikely(map_chg > map_commit)) { /* * The page was added to the reservation map between * vma_needs_reservation and vma_commit_reservation. * This indicates a race with hugetlb_reserve_pages. * Adjust for the subpool count incremented above AND * in hugetlb_reserve_pages for the same page. Also, * the reservation count added in hugetlb_reserve_pages * no longer applies. */ long rsv_adjust; rsv_adjust = hugepage_subpool_put_pages(spool, 1); hugetlb_acct_memory(h, -rsv_adjust); if (deferred_reserve) hugetlb_cgroup_uncharge_page_rsvd(hstate_index(h), pages_per_huge_page(h), page); } return page; out_uncharge_cgroup: hugetlb_cgroup_uncharge_cgroup(idx, pages_per_huge_page(h), h_cg); out_uncharge_cgroup_reservation: if (deferred_reserve) hugetlb_cgroup_uncharge_cgroup_rsvd(idx, pages_per_huge_page(h), h_cg); out_subpool_put: if (map_chg || avoid_reserve) hugepage_subpool_put_pages(spool, 1); vma_end_reservation(h, vma, addr); return ERR_PTR(-ENOSPC); } int alloc_bootmem_huge_page(struct hstate *h) __attribute__ ((weak, alias("__alloc_bootmem_huge_page"))); int __alloc_bootmem_huge_page(struct hstate *h) { struct huge_bootmem_page *m; int nr_nodes, node; for_each_node_mask_to_alloc(h, nr_nodes, node, &node_states[N_MEMORY]) { void *addr; addr = memblock_alloc_try_nid_raw( huge_page_size(h), huge_page_size(h), 0, MEMBLOCK_ALLOC_ACCESSIBLE, node); if (addr) { /* * Use the beginning of the huge page to store the * huge_bootmem_page struct (until gather_bootmem * puts them into the mem_map). */ m = addr; goto found; } } return 0; found: BUG_ON(!IS_ALIGNED(virt_to_phys(m), huge_page_size(h))); /* Put them into a private list first because mem_map is not up yet */ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&m->list); list_add(&m->list, &huge_boot_pages); m->hstate = h; return 1; } /* * Put bootmem huge pages into the standard lists after mem_map is up. * Note: This only applies to gigantic (order > MAX_ORDER) pages. */ static void __init gather_bootmem_prealloc(void) { struct huge_bootmem_page *m; list_for_each_entry(m, &huge_boot_pages, list) { struct page *page = virt_to_page(m); struct hstate *h = m->hstate; VM_BUG_ON(!hstate_is_gigantic(h)); WARN_ON(page_count(page) != 1); prep_compound_gigantic_page(page, huge_page_order(h)); WARN_ON(PageReserved(page)); prep_new_huge_page(h, page, page_to_nid(page)); put_page(page); /* free it into the hugepage allocator */ /* * We need to restore the 'stolen' pages to totalram_pages * in order to fix confusing memory reports from free(1) and * other side-effects, like CommitLimit going negative. */ adjust_managed_page_count(page, pages_per_huge_page(h)); cond_resched(); } } static void __init hugetlb_hstate_alloc_pages(struct hstate *h) { unsigned long i; nodemask_t *node_alloc_noretry; if (!hstate_is_gigantic(h)) { /* * Bit mask controlling how hard we retry per-node allocations. * Ignore errors as lower level routines can deal with * node_alloc_noretry == NULL. If this kmalloc fails at boot * time, we are likely in bigger trouble. */ node_alloc_noretry = kmalloc(sizeof(*node_alloc_noretry), GFP_KERNEL); } else { /* allocations done at boot time */ node_alloc_noretry = NULL; } /* bit mask controlling how hard we retry per-node allocations */ if (node_alloc_noretry) nodes_clear(*node_alloc_noretry); for (i = 0; i < h->max_huge_pages; ++i) { if (hstate_is_gigantic(h)) { if (hugetlb_cma_size) { pr_warn_once("HugeTLB: hugetlb_cma is enabled, skip boot time allocation\n"); goto free; } if (!alloc_bootmem_huge_page(h)) break; } else if (!alloc_pool_huge_page(h, &node_states[N_MEMORY], node_alloc_noretry)) break; cond_resched(); } if (i < h->max_huge_pages) { char buf[32]; string_get_size(huge_page_size(h), 1, STRING_UNITS_2, buf, 32); pr_warn("HugeTLB: allocating %lu of page size %s failed. Only allocated %lu hugepages.\n", h->max_huge_pages, buf, i); h->max_huge_pages = i; } free: kfree(node_alloc_noretry); } static void __init hugetlb_init_hstates(void) { struct hstate *h; for_each_hstate(h) { if (minimum_order > huge_page_order(h)) minimum_order = huge_page_order(h); /* oversize hugepages were init'ed in early boot */ if (!hstate_is_gigantic(h)) hugetlb_hstate_alloc_pages(h); } VM_BUG_ON(minimum_order == UINT_MAX); } static void __init report_hugepages(void) { struct hstate *h; for_each_hstate(h) { char buf[32]; string_get_size(huge_page_size(h), 1, STRING_UNITS_2, buf, 32); pr_info("HugeTLB registered %s page size, pre-allocated %ld pages\n", buf, h->free_huge_pages); } } #ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM static void try_to_free_low(struct hstate *h, unsigned long count, nodemask_t *nodes_allowed) { int i; if (hstate_is_gigantic(h)) return; for_each_node_mask(i, *nodes_allowed) { struct page *page, *next; struct list_head *freel = &h->hugepage_freelists[i]; list_for_each_entry_safe(page, next, freel, lru) { if (count >= h->nr_huge_pages) return; if (PageHighMem(page)) continue; list_del(&page->lru); update_and_free_page(h, page); h->free_huge_pages--; h->free_huge_pages_node[page_to_nid(page)]--; } } } #else static inline void try_to_free_low(struct hstate *h, unsigned long count, nodemask_t *nodes_allowed) { } #endif /* * Increment or decrement surplus_huge_pages. Keep node-specific counters * balanced by operating on them in a round-robin fashion. * Returns 1 if an adjustment was made. */ static int adjust_pool_surplus(struct hstate *h, nodemask_t *nodes_allowed, int delta) { int nr_nodes, node; VM_BUG_ON(delta != -1 && delta != 1); if (delta < 0) { for_each_node_mask_to_alloc(h, nr_nodes, node, nodes_allowed) { if (h->surplus_huge_pages_node[node]) goto found; } } else { for_each_node_mask_to_free(h, nr_nodes, node, nodes_allowed) { if (h->surplus_huge_pages_node[node] < h->nr_huge_pages_node[node]) goto found; } } return 0; found: h->surplus_huge_pages += delta; h->surplus_huge_pages_node[node] += delta; return 1; } #define persistent_huge_pages(h) (h->nr_huge_pages - h->surplus_huge_pages) static int set_max_huge_pages(struct hstate *h, unsigned long count, int nid, nodemask_t *nodes_allowed) { unsigned long min_count, ret; NODEMASK_ALLOC(nodemask_t, node_alloc_noretry, GFP_KERNEL); /* * Bit mask controlling how hard we retry per-node allocations. * If we can not allocate the bit mask, do not attempt to allocate * the requested huge pages. */ if (node_alloc_noretry) nodes_clear(*node_alloc_noretry); else return -ENOMEM; spin_lock(&hugetlb_lock); /* * Check for a node specific request. * Changing node specific huge page count may require a corresponding * change to the global count. In any case, the passed node mask * (nodes_allowed) will restrict alloc/free to the specified node. */ if (nid != NUMA_NO_NODE) { unsigned long old_count = count; count += h->nr_huge_pages - h->nr_huge_pages_node[nid]; /* * User may have specified a large count value which caused the * above calculation to overflow. In this case, they wanted * to allocate as many huge pages as possible. Set count to * largest possible value to align with their intention. */ if (count < old_count) count = ULONG_MAX; } /* * Gigantic pages runtime allocation depend on the capability for large * page range allocation. * If the system does not provide this feature, return an error when * the user tries to allocate gigantic pages but let the user free the * boottime allocated gigantic pages. */ if (hstate_is_gigantic(h) && !IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CONTIG_ALLOC)) { if (count > persistent_huge_pages(h)) { spin_unlock(&hugetlb_lock); NODEMASK_FREE(node_alloc_noretry); return -EINVAL; } /* Fall through to decrease pool */ } /* * Increase the pool size * First take pages out of surplus state. Then make up the * remaining difference by allocating fresh huge pages. * * We might race with alloc_surplus_huge_page() here and be unable * to convert a surplus huge page to a normal huge page. That is * not critical, though, it just means the overall size of the * pool might be one hugepage larger than it needs to be, but * within all the constraints specified by the sysctls. */ while (h->surplus_huge_pages && count > persistent_huge_pages(h)) { if (!adjust_pool_surplus(h, nodes_allowed, -1)) break; } while (count > persistent_huge_pages(h)) { /* * If this allocation races such that we no longer need the * page, free_huge_page will handle it by freeing the page * and reducing the surplus. */ spin_unlock(&hugetlb_lock); /* yield cpu to avoid soft lockup */ cond_resched(); ret = alloc_pool_huge_page(h, nodes_allowed, node_alloc_noretry); spin_lock(&hugetlb_lock); if (!ret) goto out; /* Bail for signals. Probably ctrl-c from user */ if (signal_pending(current)) goto out; } /* * Decrease the pool size * First return free pages to the buddy allocator (being careful * to keep enough around to satisfy reservations). Then place * pages into surplus state as needed so the pool will shrink * to the desired size as pages become free. * * By placing pages into the surplus state independent of the * overcommit value, we are allowing the surplus pool size to * exceed overcommit. There are few sane options here. Since * alloc_surplus_huge_page() is checking the global counter, * though, we'll note that we're not allowed to exceed surplus * and won't grow the pool anywhere else. Not until one of the * sysctls are changed, or the surplus pages go out of use. */ min_count = h->resv_huge_pages + h->nr_huge_pages - h->free_huge_pages; min_count = max(count, min_count); try_to_free_low(h, min_count, nodes_allowed); while (min_count < persistent_huge_pages(h)) { if (!free_pool_huge_page(h, nodes_allowed, 0)) break; cond_resched_lock(&hugetlb_lock); } while (count < persistent_huge_pages(h)) { if (!adjust_pool_surplus(h, nodes_allowed, 1)) break; } out: h->max_huge_pages = persistent_huge_pages(h); spin_unlock(&hugetlb_lock); NODEMASK_FREE(node_alloc_noretry); return 0; } #define HSTATE_ATTR_RO(_name) \ static struct kobj_attribute _name##_attr = __ATTR_RO(_name) #define HSTATE_ATTR(_name) \ static struct kobj_attribute _name##_attr = \ __ATTR(_name, 0644, _name##_show, _name##_store) static struct kobject *hugepages_kobj; static struct kobject *hstate_kobjs[HUGE_MAX_HSTATE]; static struct hstate *kobj_to_node_hstate(struct kobject *kobj, int *nidp); static struct hstate *kobj_to_hstate(struct kobject *kobj, int *nidp) { int i; for (i = 0; i < HUGE_MAX_HSTATE; i++) if (hstate_kobjs[i] == kobj) { if (nidp) *nidp = NUMA_NO_NODE; return &hstates[i]; } return kobj_to_node_hstate(kobj, nidp); } static ssize_t nr_hugepages_show_common(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf) { struct hstate *h; unsigned long nr_huge_pages; int nid; h = kobj_to_hstate(kobj, &nid); if (nid == NUMA_NO_NODE) nr_huge_pages = h->nr_huge_pages; else nr_huge_pages = h->nr_huge_pages_node[nid]; return sprintf(buf, "%lu\n", nr_huge_pages); } static ssize_t __nr_hugepages_store_common(bool obey_mempolicy, struct hstate *h, int nid, unsigned long count, size_t len) { int err; nodemask_t nodes_allowed, *n_mask; if (hstate_is_gigantic(h) && !gigantic_page_runtime_supported()) return -EINVAL; if (nid == NUMA_NO_NODE) { /* * global hstate attribute */ if (!(obey_mempolicy && init_nodemask_of_mempolicy(&nodes_allowed))) n_mask = &node_states[N_MEMORY]; else n_mask = &nodes_allowed; } else { /* * Node specific request. count adjustment happens in * set_max_huge_pages() after acquiring hugetlb_lock. */ init_nodemask_of_node(&nodes_allowed, nid); n_mask = &nodes_allowed; } err = set_max_huge_pages(h, count, nid, n_mask); return err ? err : len; } static ssize_t nr_hugepages_store_common(bool obey_mempolicy, struct kobject *kobj, const char *buf, size_t len) { struct hstate *h; unsigned long count; int nid; int err; err = kstrtoul(buf, 10, &count); if (err) return err; h = kobj_to_hstate(kobj, &nid); return __nr_hugepages_store_common(obey_mempolicy, h, nid, count, len); } static ssize_t nr_hugepages_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf) { return nr_hugepages_show_common(kobj, attr, buf); } static ssize_t nr_hugepages_store(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t len) { return nr_hugepages_store_common(false, kobj, buf, len); } HSTATE_ATTR(nr_hugepages); #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA /* * hstate attribute for optionally mempolicy-based constraint on persistent * huge page alloc/free. */ static ssize_t nr_hugepages_mempolicy_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf) { return nr_hugepages_show_common(kobj, attr, buf); } static ssize_t nr_hugepages_mempolicy_store(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t len) { return nr_hugepages_store_common(true, kobj, buf, len); } HSTATE_ATTR(nr_hugepages_mempolicy); #endif static ssize_t nr_overcommit_hugepages_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf) { struct hstate *h = kobj_to_hstate(kobj, NULL); return sprintf(buf, "%lu\n", h->nr_overcommit_huge_pages); } static ssize_t nr_overcommit_hugepages_store(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count) { int err; unsigned long input; struct hstate *h = kobj_to_hstate(kobj, NULL); if (hstate_is_gigantic(h)) return -EINVAL; err = kstrtoul(buf, 10, &input); if (err) return err; spin_lock(&hugetlb_lock); h->nr_overcommit_huge_pages = input; spin_unlock(&hugetlb_lock); return count; } HSTATE_ATTR(nr_overcommit_hugepages); static ssize_t free_hugepages_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf) { struct hstate *h; unsigned long free_huge_pages; int nid; h = kobj_to_hstate(kobj, &nid); if (nid == NUMA_NO_NODE) free_huge_pages = h->free_huge_pages; else free_huge_pages = h->free_huge_pages_node[nid]; return sprintf(buf, "%lu\n", free_huge_pages); } HSTATE_ATTR_RO(free_hugepages); static ssize_t resv_hugepages_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf) { struct hstate *h = kobj_to_hstate(kobj, NULL); return sprintf(buf, "%lu\n", h->resv_huge_pages); } HSTATE_ATTR_RO(resv_hugepages); static ssize_t surplus_hugepages_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf) { struct hstate *h; unsigned long surplus_huge_pages; int nid; h = kobj_to_hstate(kobj, &nid); if (nid == NUMA_NO_NODE) surplus_huge_pages = h->surplus_huge_pages; else surplus_huge_pages = h->surplus_huge_pages_node[nid]; return sprintf(buf, "%lu\n", surplus_huge_pages); } HSTATE_ATTR_RO(surplus_hugepages); static struct attribute *hstate_attrs[] = { &nr_hugepages_attr.attr, &nr_overcommit_hugepages_attr.attr, &free_hugepages_attr.attr, &resv_hugepages_attr.attr, &surplus_hugepages_attr.attr, #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA &nr_hugepages_mempolicy_attr.attr, #endif NULL, }; static const struct attribute_group hstate_attr_group = { .attrs = hstate_attrs, }; static int hugetlb_sysfs_add_hstate(struct hstate *h, struct kobject *parent, struct kobject **hstate_kobjs, const struct attribute_group *hstate_attr_group) { int retval; int hi = hstate_index(h); hstate_kobjs[hi] = kobject_create_and_add(h->name, parent); if (!hstate_kobjs[hi]) return -ENOMEM; retval = sysfs_create_group(hstate_kobjs[hi], hstate_attr_group); if (retval) { kobject_put(hstate_kobjs[hi]); hstate_kobjs[hi] = NULL; } return retval; } static void __init hugetlb_sysfs_init(void) { struct hstate *h; int err; hugepages_kobj = kobject_create_and_add("hugepages", mm_kobj); if (!hugepages_kobj) return; for_each_hstate(h) { err = hugetlb_sysfs_add_hstate(h, hugepages_kobj, hstate_kobjs, &hstate_attr_group); if (err) pr_err("HugeTLB: Unable to add hstate %s", h->name); } } #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA /* * node_hstate/s - associate per node hstate attributes, via their kobjects, * with node devices in node_devices[] using a parallel array. The array * index of a node device or _hstate == node id. * This is here to avoid any static dependency of the node device driver, in * the base kernel, on the hugetlb module. */ struct node_hstate { struct kobject *hugepages_kobj; struct kobject *hstate_kobjs[HUGE_MAX_HSTATE]; }; static struct node_hstate node_hstates[MAX_NUMNODES]; /* * A subset of global hstate attributes for node devices */ static struct attribute *per_node_hstate_attrs[] = { &nr_hugepages_attr.attr, &free_hugepages_attr.attr, &surplus_hugepages_attr.attr, NULL, }; static const struct attribute_group per_node_hstate_attr_group = { .attrs = per_node_hstate_attrs, }; /* * kobj_to_node_hstate - lookup global hstate for node device hstate attr kobj. * Returns node id via non-NULL nidp. */ static struct hstate *kobj_to_node_hstate(struct kobject *kobj, int *nidp) { int nid; for (nid = 0; nid < nr_node_ids; nid++) { struct node_hstate *nhs = &node_hstates[nid]; int i; for (i = 0; i < HUGE_MAX_HSTATE; i++) if (nhs->hstate_kobjs[i] == kobj) { if (nidp) *nidp = nid; return &hstates[i]; } } BUG(); return NULL; } /* * Unregister hstate attributes from a single node device. * No-op if no hstate attributes attached. */ static void hugetlb_unregister_node(struct node *node) { struct hstate *h; struct node_hstate *nhs = &node_hstates[node->dev.id]; if (!nhs->hugepages_kobj) return; /* no hstate attributes */ for_each_hstate(h) { int idx = hstate_index(h); if (nhs->hstate_kobjs[idx]) { kobject_put(nhs->hstate_kobjs[idx]); nhs->hstate_kobjs[idx] = NULL; } } kobject_put(nhs->hugepages_kobj); nhs->hugepages_kobj = NULL; } /* * Register hstate attributes for a single node device. * No-op if attributes already registered. */ static void hugetlb_register_node(struct node *node) { struct hstate *h; struct node_hstate *nhs = &node_hstates[node->dev.id]; int err; if (nhs->hugepages_kobj) return; /* already allocated */ nhs->hugepages_kobj = kobject_create_and_add("hugepages", &node->dev.kobj); if (!nhs->hugepages_kobj) return; for_each_hstate(h) { err = hugetlb_sysfs_add_hstate(h, nhs->hugepages_kobj, nhs->hstate_kobjs, &per_node_hstate_attr_group); if (err) { pr_err("HugeTLB: Unable to add hstate %s for node %d\n", h->name, node->dev.id); hugetlb_unregister_node(node); break; } } } /* * hugetlb init time: register hstate attributes for all registered node * devices of nodes that have memory. All on-line nodes should have * registered their associated device by this time. */ static void __init hugetlb_register_all_nodes(void) { int nid; for_each_node_state(nid, N_MEMORY) { struct node *node = node_devices[nid]; if (node->dev.id == nid) hugetlb_register_node(node); } /* * Let the node device driver know we're here so it can * [un]register hstate attributes on node hotplug. */ register_hugetlbfs_with_node(hugetlb_register_node, hugetlb_unregister_node); } #else /* !CONFIG_NUMA */ static struct hstate *kobj_to_node_hstate(struct kobject *kobj, int *nidp) { BUG(); if (nidp) *nidp = -1; return NULL; } static void hugetlb_register_all_nodes(void) { } #endif static int __init hugetlb_init(void) { int i; if (!hugepages_supported()) { if (hugetlb_max_hstate || default_hstate_max_huge_pages) pr_warn("HugeTLB: huge pages not supported, ignoring associated command-line parameters\n"); return 0; } /* * Make sure HPAGE_SIZE (HUGETLB_PAGE_ORDER) hstate exists. Some * architectures depend on setup being done here. */ hugetlb_add_hstate(HUGETLB_PAGE_ORDER); if (!parsed_default_hugepagesz) { /* * If we did not parse a default huge page size, set * default_hstate_idx to HPAGE_SIZE hstate. And, if the * number of huge pages for this default size was implicitly * specified, set that here as well. * Note that the implicit setting will overwrite an explicit * setting. A warning will be printed in this case. */ default_hstate_idx = hstate_index(size_to_hstate(HPAGE_SIZE)); if (default_hstate_max_huge_pages) { if (default_hstate.max_huge_pages) { char buf[32]; string_get_size(huge_page_size(&default_hstate), 1, STRING_UNITS_2, buf, 32); pr_warn("HugeTLB: Ignoring hugepages=%lu associated with %s page size\n", default_hstate.max_huge_pages, buf); pr_warn("HugeTLB: Using hugepages=%lu for number of default huge pages\n", default_hstate_max_huge_pages); } default_hstate.max_huge_pages = default_hstate_max_huge_pages; } } hugetlb_cma_check(); hugetlb_init_hstates(); gather_bootmem_prealloc(); report_hugepages(); hugetlb_sysfs_init(); hugetlb_register_all_nodes(); hugetlb_cgroup_file_init(); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP num_fault_mutexes = roundup_pow_of_two(8 * num_possible_cpus()); #else num_fault_mutexes = 1; #endif hugetlb_fault_mutex_table = kmalloc_array(num_fault_mutexes, sizeof(struct mutex), GFP_KERNEL); BUG_ON(!hugetlb_fault_mutex_table); for (i = 0; i < num_fault_mutexes; i++) mutex_init(&hugetlb_fault_mutex_table[i]); return 0; } subsys_initcall(hugetlb_init); /* Overwritten by architectures with more huge page sizes */ bool __init __attribute((weak)) arch_hugetlb_valid_size(unsigned long size) { return size == HPAGE_SIZE; } void __init hugetlb_add_hstate(unsigned int order) { struct hstate *h; unsigned long i; if (size_to_hstate(PAGE_SIZE << order)) { return; } BUG_ON(hugetlb_max_hstate >= HUGE_MAX_HSTATE); BUG_ON(order == 0); h = &hstates[hugetlb_max_hstate++]; h->order = order; h->mask = ~((1ULL << (order + PAGE_SHIFT)) - 1); h->nr_huge_pages = 0; h->free_huge_pages = 0; for (i = 0; i < MAX_NUMNODES; ++i) INIT_LIST_HEAD(&h->hugepage_freelists[i]); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&h->hugepage_activelist); h->next_nid_to_alloc = first_memory_node; h->next_nid_to_free = first_memory_node; snprintf(h->name, HSTATE_NAME_LEN, "hugepages-%lukB", huge_page_size(h)/1024); parsed_hstate = h; } /* * hugepages command line processing * hugepages normally follows a valid hugepagsz or default_hugepagsz * specification. If not, ignore the hugepages value. hugepages can also * be the first huge page command line option in which case it implicitly * specifies the number of huge pages for the default size. */ static int __init hugepages_setup(char *s) { unsigned long *mhp; static unsigned long *last_mhp; if (!parsed_valid_hugepagesz) { pr_warn("HugeTLB: hugepages=%s does not follow a valid hugepagesz, ignoring\n", s); parsed_valid_hugepagesz = true; return 0; } /* * !hugetlb_max_hstate means we haven't parsed a hugepagesz= parameter * yet, so this hugepages= parameter goes to the "default hstate". * Otherwise, it goes with the previously parsed hugepagesz or * default_hugepagesz. */ else if (!hugetlb_max_hstate) mhp = &default_hstate_max_huge_pages; else mhp = &parsed_hstate->max_huge_pages; if (mhp == last_mhp) { pr_warn("HugeTLB: hugepages= specified twice without interleaving hugepagesz=, ignoring hugepages=%s\n", s); return 0; } if (sscanf(s, "%lu", mhp) <= 0) *mhp = 0; /* * Global state is always initialized later in hugetlb_init. * But we need to allocate >= MAX_ORDER hstates here early to still * use the bootmem allocator. */ if (hugetlb_max_hstate && parsed_hstate->order >= MAX_ORDER) hugetlb_hstate_alloc_pages(parsed_hstate); last_mhp = mhp; return 1; } __setup("hugepages=", hugepages_setup); /* * hugepagesz command line processing * A specific huge page size can only be specified once with hugepagesz. * hugepagesz is followed by hugepages on the command line. The global * variable 'parsed_valid_hugepagesz' is used to determine if prior * hugepagesz argument was valid. */ static int __init hugepagesz_setup(char *s) { unsigned long size; struct hstate *h; parsed_valid_hugepagesz = false; size = (unsigned long)memparse(s, NULL); if (!arch_hugetlb_valid_size(size)) { pr_err("HugeTLB: unsupported hugepagesz=%s\n", s); return 0; } h = size_to_hstate(size); if (h) { /* * hstate for this size already exists. This is normally * an error, but is allowed if the existing hstate is the * default hstate. More specifically, it is only allowed if * the number of huge pages for the default hstate was not * previously specified. */ if (!parsed_default_hugepagesz || h != &default_hstate || default_hstate.max_huge_pages) { pr_warn("HugeTLB: hugepagesz=%s specified twice, ignoring\n", s); return 0; } /* * No need to call hugetlb_add_hstate() as hstate already * exists. But, do set parsed_hstate so that a following * hugepages= parameter will be applied to this hstate. */ parsed_hstate = h; parsed_valid_hugepagesz = true; return 1; } hugetlb_add_hstate(ilog2(size) - PAGE_SHIFT); parsed_valid_hugepagesz = true; return 1; } __setup("hugepagesz=", hugepagesz_setup); /* * default_hugepagesz command line input * Only one instance of default_hugepagesz allowed on command line. */ static int __init default_hugepagesz_setup(char *s) { unsigned long size; parsed_valid_hugepagesz = false; if (parsed_default_hugepagesz) { pr_err("HugeTLB: default_hugepagesz previously specified, ignoring %s\n", s); return 0; } size = (unsigned long)memparse(s, NULL); if (!arch_hugetlb_valid_size(size)) { pr_err("HugeTLB: unsupported default_hugepagesz=%s\n", s); return 0; } hugetlb_add_hstate(ilog2(size) - PAGE_SHIFT); parsed_valid_hugepagesz = true; parsed_default_hugepagesz = true; default_hstate_idx = hstate_index(size_to_hstate(size)); /* * The number of default huge pages (for this size) could have been * specified as the first hugetlb parameter: hugepages=X. If so, * then default_hstate_max_huge_pages is set. If the default huge * page size is gigantic (>= MAX_ORDER), then the pages must be * allocated here from bootmem allocator. */ if (default_hstate_max_huge_pages) { default_hstate.max_huge_pages = default_hstate_max_huge_pages; if (hstate_is_gigantic(&default_hstate)) hugetlb_hstate_alloc_pages(&default_hstate); default_hstate_max_huge_pages = 0; } return 1; } __setup("default_hugepagesz=", default_hugepagesz_setup); static unsigned int allowed_mems_nr(struct hstate *h) { int node; unsigned int nr = 0; nodemask_t *mpol_allowed; unsigned int *array = h->free_huge_pages_node; gfp_t gfp_mask = htlb_alloc_mask(h); mpol_allowed = policy_nodemask_current(gfp_mask); for_each_node_mask(node, cpuset_current_mems_allowed) { if (!mpol_allowed || (mpol_allowed && node_isset(node, *mpol_allowed))) nr += array[node]; } return nr; } #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL static int proc_hugetlb_doulongvec_minmax(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *length, loff_t *ppos, unsigned long *out) { struct ctl_table dup_table; /* * In order to avoid races with __do_proc_doulongvec_minmax(), we * can duplicate the @table and alter the duplicate of it. */ dup_table = *table; dup_table.data = out; return proc_doulongvec_minmax(&dup_table, write, buffer, length, ppos); } static int hugetlb_sysctl_handler_common(bool obey_mempolicy, struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *length, loff_t *ppos) { struct hstate *h = &default_hstate; unsigned long tmp = h->max_huge_pages; int ret; if (!hugepages_supported()) return -EOPNOTSUPP; ret = proc_hugetlb_doulongvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, length, ppos, &tmp); if (ret) goto out; if (write) ret = __nr_hugepages_store_common(obey_mempolicy, h, NUMA_NO_NODE, tmp, *length); out: return ret; } int hugetlb_sysctl_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *length, loff_t *ppos) { return hugetlb_sysctl_handler_common(false, table, write, buffer, length, ppos); } #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA int hugetlb_mempolicy_sysctl_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *length, loff_t *ppos) { return hugetlb_sysctl_handler_common(true, table, write, buffer, length, ppos); } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA */ int hugetlb_overcommit_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *length, loff_t *ppos) { struct hstate *h = &default_hstate; unsigned long tmp; int ret; if (!hugepages_supported()) return -EOPNOTSUPP; tmp = h->nr_overcommit_huge_pages; if (write && hstate_is_gigantic(h)) return -EINVAL; ret = proc_hugetlb_doulongvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, length, ppos, &tmp); if (ret) goto out; if (write) { spin_lock(&hugetlb_lock); h->nr_overcommit_huge_pages = tmp; spin_unlock(&hugetlb_lock); } out: return ret; } #endif /* CONFIG_SYSCTL */ void hugetlb_report_meminfo(struct seq_file *m) { struct hstate *h; unsigned long total = 0; if (!hugepages_supported()) return; for_each_hstate(h) { unsigned long count = h->nr_huge_pages; total += (PAGE_SIZE << huge_page_order(h)) * count; if (h == &default_hstate) seq_printf(m, "HugePages_Total: %5lu\n" "HugePages_Free: %5lu\n" "HugePages_Rsvd: %5lu\n" "HugePages_Surp: %5lu\n" "Hugepagesize: %8lu kB\n", count, h->free_huge_pages, h->resv_huge_pages, h->surplus_huge_pages, (PAGE_SIZE << huge_page_order(h)) / 1024); } seq_printf(m, "Hugetlb: %8lu kB\n", total / 1024); } int hugetlb_report_node_meminfo(char *buf, int len, int nid) { struct hstate *h = &default_hstate; if (!hugepages_supported()) return 0; return sysfs_emit_at(buf, len, "Node %d HugePages_Total: %5u\n" "Node %d HugePages_Free: %5u\n" "Node %d HugePages_Surp: %5u\n", nid, h->nr_huge_pages_node[nid], nid, h->free_huge_pages_node[nid], nid, h->surplus_huge_pages_node[nid]); } void hugetlb_show_meminfo(void) { struct hstate *h; int nid; if (!hugepages_supported()) return; for_each_node_state(nid, N_MEMORY) for_each_hstate(h) pr_info("Node %d hugepages_total=%u hugepages_free=%u hugepages_surp=%u hugepages_size=%lukB\n", nid, h->nr_huge_pages_node[nid], h->free_huge_pages_node[nid], h->surplus_huge_pages_node[nid], 1UL << (huge_page_order(h) + PAGE_SHIFT - 10)); } void hugetlb_report_usage(struct seq_file *m, struct mm_struct *mm) { seq_printf(m, "HugetlbPages:\t%8lu kB\n", atomic_long_read(&mm->hugetlb_usage) << (PAGE_SHIFT - 10)); } /* Return the number pages of memory we physically have, in PAGE_SIZE units. */ unsigned long hugetlb_total_pages(void) { struct hstate *h; unsigned long nr_total_pages = 0; for_each_hstate(h) nr_total_pages += h->nr_huge_pages * pages_per_huge_page(h); return nr_total_pages; } static int hugetlb_acct_memory(struct hstate *h, long delta) { int ret = -ENOMEM; spin_lock(&hugetlb_lock); /* * When cpuset is configured, it breaks the strict hugetlb page * reservation as the accounting is done on a global variable. Such * reservation is completely rubbish in the presence of cpuset because * the reservation is not checked against page availability for the * current cpuset. Application can still potentially OOM'ed by kernel * with lack of free htlb page in cpuset that the task is in. * Attempt to enforce strict accounting with cpuset is almost * impossible (or too ugly) because cpuset is too fluid that * task or memory node can be dynamically moved between cpusets. * * The change of semantics for shared hugetlb mapping with cpuset is * undesirable. However, in order to preserve some of the semantics, * we fall back to check against current free page availability as * a best attempt and hopefully to minimize the impact of changing * semantics that cpuset has. * * Apart from cpuset, we also have memory policy mechanism that * also determines from which node the kernel will allocate memory * in a NUMA system. So similar to cpuset, we also should consider * the memory policy of the current task. Similar to the description * above. */ if (delta > 0) { if (gather_surplus_pages(h, delta) < 0) goto out; if (delta > allowed_mems_nr(h)) { return_unused_surplus_pages(h, delta); goto out; } } ret = 0; if (delta < 0) return_unused_surplus_pages(h, (unsigned long) -delta); out: spin_unlock(&hugetlb_lock); return ret; } static void hugetlb_vm_op_open(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct resv_map *resv = vma_resv_map(vma); /* * This new VMA should share its siblings reservation map if present. * The VMA will only ever have a valid reservation map pointer where * it is being copied for another still existing VMA. As that VMA * has a reference to the reservation map it cannot disappear until * after this open call completes. It is therefore safe to take a * new reference here without additional locking. */ if (resv && is_vma_resv_set(vma, HPAGE_RESV_OWNER)) { resv_map_dup_hugetlb_cgroup_uncharge_info(resv); kref_get(&resv->refs); } } static void hugetlb_vm_op_close(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct hstate *h = hstate_vma(vma); struct resv_map *resv = vma_resv_map(vma); struct hugepage_subpool *spool = subpool_vma(vma); unsigned long reserve, start, end; long gbl_reserve; if (!resv || !is_vma_resv_set(vma, HPAGE_RESV_OWNER)) return; start = vma_hugecache_offset(h, vma, vma->vm_start); end = vma_hugecache_offset(h, vma, vma->vm_end); reserve = (end - start) - region_count(resv, start, end); hugetlb_cgroup_uncharge_counter(resv, start, end); if (reserve) { /* * Decrement reserve counts. The global reserve count may be * adjusted if the subpool has a minimum size. */ gbl_reserve = hugepage_subpool_put_pages(spool, reserve); hugetlb_acct_memory(h, -gbl_reserve); } kref_put(&resv->refs, resv_map_release); } static int hugetlb_vm_op_split(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { if (addr & ~(huge_page_mask(hstate_vma(vma)))) return -EINVAL; return 0; } static unsigned long hugetlb_vm_op_pagesize(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct hstate *hstate = hstate_vma(vma); return 1UL << huge_page_shift(hstate); } /* * We cannot handle pagefaults against hugetlb pages at all. They cause * handle_mm_fault() to try to instantiate regular-sized pages in the * hugegpage VMA. do_page_fault() is supposed to trap this, so BUG is we get * this far. */ static vm_fault_t hugetlb_vm_op_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { BUG(); return 0; } /* * When a new function is introduced to vm_operations_struct and added * to hugetlb_vm_ops, please consider adding the function to shm_vm_ops. * This is because under System V memory model, mappings created via * shmget/shmat with "huge page" specified are backed by hugetlbfs files, * their original vm_ops are overwritten with shm_vm_ops. */ const struct vm_operations_struct hugetlb_vm_ops = { .fault = hugetlb_vm_op_fault, .open = hugetlb_vm_op_open, .close = hugetlb_vm_op_close, .split = hugetlb_vm_op_split, .pagesize = hugetlb_vm_op_pagesize, }; static pte_t make_huge_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page *page, int writable) { pte_t entry; if (writable) { entry = huge_pte_mkwrite(huge_pte_mkdirty(mk_huge_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot))); } else { entry = huge_pte_wrprotect(mk_huge_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot)); } entry = pte_mkyoung(entry); entry = pte_mkhuge(entry); entry = arch_make_huge_pte(entry, vma, page, writable); return entry; } static void set_huge_ptep_writable(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep) { pte_t entry; entry = huge_pte_mkwrite(huge_pte_mkdirty(huge_ptep_get(ptep))); if (huge_ptep_set_access_flags(vma, address, ptep, entry, 1)) update_mmu_cache(vma, address, ptep); } bool is_hugetlb_entry_migration(pte_t pte) { swp_entry_t swp; if (huge_pte_none(pte) || pte_present(pte)) return false; swp = pte_to_swp_entry(pte); if (is_migration_entry(swp)) return true; else return false; } static bool is_hugetlb_entry_hwpoisoned(pte_t pte) { swp_entry_t swp; if (huge_pte_none(pte) || pte_present(pte)) return false; swp = pte_to_swp_entry(pte); if (is_hwpoison_entry(swp)) return true; else return false; } int copy_hugetlb_page_range(struct mm_struct *dst, struct mm_struct *src, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { pte_t *src_pte, *dst_pte, entry, dst_entry; struct page *ptepage; unsigned long addr; int cow; struct hstate *h = hstate_vma(vma); unsigned long sz = huge_page_size(h); struct address_space *mapping = vma->vm_file->f_mapping; struct mmu_notifier_range range; int ret = 0; cow = (vma->vm_flags & (VM_SHARED | VM_MAYWRITE)) == VM_MAYWRITE; if (cow) { mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, src, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); } else { /* * For shared mappings i_mmap_rwsem must be held to call * huge_pte_alloc, otherwise the returned ptep could go * away if part of a shared pmd and another thread calls * huge_pmd_unshare. */ i_mmap_lock_read(mapping); } for (addr = vma->vm_start; addr < vma->vm_end; addr += sz) { spinlock_t *src_ptl, *dst_ptl; src_pte = huge_pte_offset(src, addr, sz); if (!src_pte) continue; dst_pte = huge_pte_alloc(dst, addr, sz); if (!dst_pte) { ret = -ENOMEM; break; } /* * If the pagetables are shared don't copy or take references. * dst_pte == src_pte is the common case of src/dest sharing. * * However, src could have 'unshared' and dst shares with * another vma. If dst_pte !none, this implies sharing. * Check here before taking page table lock, and once again * after taking the lock below. */ dst_entry = huge_ptep_get(dst_pte); if ((dst_pte == src_pte) || !huge_pte_none(dst_entry)) continue; dst_ptl = huge_pte_lock(h, dst, dst_pte); src_ptl = huge_pte_lockptr(h, src, src_pte); spin_lock_nested(src_ptl, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING); entry = huge_ptep_get(src_pte); dst_entry = huge_ptep_get(dst_pte); if (huge_pte_none(entry) || !huge_pte_none(dst_entry)) { /* * Skip if src entry none. Also, skip in the * unlikely case dst entry !none as this implies * sharing with another vma. */ ; } else if (unlikely(is_hugetlb_entry_migration(entry) || is_hugetlb_entry_hwpoisoned(entry))) { swp_entry_t swp_entry = pte_to_swp_entry(entry); if (is_write_migration_entry(swp_entry) && cow) { /* * COW mappings require pages in both * parent and child to be set to read. */ make_migration_entry_read(&swp_entry); entry = swp_entry_to_pte(swp_entry); set_huge_swap_pte_at(src, addr, src_pte, entry, sz); } set_huge_swap_pte_at(dst, addr, dst_pte, entry, sz); } else { if (cow) { /* * No need to notify as we are downgrading page * table protection not changing it to point * to a new page. * * See Documentation/vm/mmu_notifier.rst */ huge_ptep_set_wrprotect(src, addr, src_pte); } entry = huge_ptep_get(src_pte); ptepage = pte_page(entry); get_page(ptepage); page_dup_rmap(ptepage, true); set_huge_pte_at(dst, addr, dst_pte, entry); hugetlb_count_add(pages_per_huge_page(h), dst); } spin_unlock(src_ptl); spin_unlock(dst_ptl); } if (cow) mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); else i_mmap_unlock_read(mapping); return ret; } void __unmap_hugepage_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, struct page *ref_page) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long address; pte_t *ptep; pte_t pte; spinlock_t *ptl; struct page *page; struct hstate *h = hstate_vma(vma); unsigned long sz = huge_page_size(h); struct mmu_notifier_range range; bool force_flush = false; WARN_ON(!is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma)); BUG_ON(start & ~huge_page_mask(h)); BUG_ON(end & ~huge_page_mask(h)); /* * This is a hugetlb vma, all the pte entries should point * to huge page. */ tlb_change_page_size(tlb, sz); tlb_start_vma(tlb, vma); /* * If sharing possible, alert mmu notifiers of worst case. */ mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_UNMAP, 0, vma, mm, start, end); adjust_range_if_pmd_sharing_possible(vma, &range.start, &range.end); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); address = start; for (; address < end; address += sz) { ptep = huge_pte_offset(mm, address, sz); if (!ptep) continue; ptl = huge_pte_lock(h, mm, ptep); if (huge_pmd_unshare(mm, vma, &address, ptep)) { spin_unlock(ptl); tlb_flush_pmd_range(tlb, address & PUD_MASK, PUD_SIZE); force_flush = true; continue; } pte = huge_ptep_get(ptep); if (huge_pte_none(pte)) { spin_unlock(ptl); continue; } /* * Migrating hugepage or HWPoisoned hugepage is already * unmapped and its refcount is dropped, so just clear pte here. */ if (unlikely(!pte_present(pte))) { huge_pte_clear(mm, address, ptep, sz); spin_unlock(ptl); continue; } page = pte_page(pte); /* * If a reference page is supplied, it is because a specific * page is being unmapped, not a range. Ensure the page we * are about to unmap is the actual page of interest. */ if (ref_page) { if (page != ref_page) { spin_unlock(ptl); continue; } /* * Mark the VMA as having unmapped its page so that * future faults in this VMA will fail rather than * looking like data was lost */ set_vma_resv_flags(vma, HPAGE_RESV_UNMAPPED); } pte = huge_ptep_get_and_clear(mm, address, ptep); tlb_remove_huge_tlb_entry(h, tlb, ptep, address); if (huge_pte_dirty(pte)) set_page_dirty(page); hugetlb_count_sub(pages_per_huge_page(h), mm); page_remove_rmap(page, true); spin_unlock(ptl); tlb_remove_page_size(tlb, page, huge_page_size(h)); /* * Bail out after unmapping reference page if supplied */ if (ref_page) break; } mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); tlb_end_vma(tlb, vma); /* * If we unshared PMDs, the TLB flush was not recorded in mmu_gather. We * could defer the flush until now, since by holding i_mmap_rwsem we * guaranteed that the last refernece would not be dropped. But we must * do the flushing before we return, as otherwise i_mmap_rwsem will be * dropped and the last reference to the shared PMDs page might be * dropped as well. * * In theory we could defer the freeing of the PMD pages as well, but * huge_pmd_unshare() relies on the exact page_count for the PMD page to * detect sharing, so we cannot defer the release of the page either. * Instead, do flush now. */ if (force_flush) tlb_flush_mmu_tlbonly(tlb); } void __unmap_hugepage_range_final(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, struct page *ref_page) { __unmap_hugepage_range(tlb, vma, start, end, ref_page); /* * Clear this flag so that x86's huge_pmd_share page_table_shareable * test will fail on a vma being torn down, and not grab a page table * on its way out. We're lucky that the flag has such an appropriate * name, and can in fact be safely cleared here. We could clear it * before the __unmap_hugepage_range above, but all that's necessary * is to clear it before releasing the i_mmap_rwsem. This works * because in the context this is called, the VMA is about to be * destroyed and the i_mmap_rwsem is held. */ vma->vm_flags &= ~VM_MAYSHARE; } void unmap_hugepage_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, struct page *ref_page) { struct mm_struct *mm; struct mmu_gather tlb; unsigned long tlb_start = start; unsigned long tlb_end = end; /* * If shared PMDs were possibly used within this vma range, adjust * start/end for worst case tlb flushing. * Note that we can not be sure if PMDs are shared until we try to * unmap pages. However, we want to make sure TLB flushing covers * the largest possible range. */ adjust_range_if_pmd_sharing_possible(vma, &tlb_start, &tlb_end); mm = vma->vm_mm; tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, mm, tlb_start, tlb_end); __unmap_hugepage_range(&tlb, vma, start, end, ref_page); tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, tlb_start, tlb_end); } /* * This is called when the original mapper is failing to COW a MAP_PRIVATE * mappping it owns the reserve page for. The intention is to unmap the page * from other VMAs and let the children be SIGKILLed if they are faulting the * same region. */ static void unmap_ref_private(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page *page, unsigned long address) { struct hstate *h = hstate_vma(vma); struct vm_area_struct *iter_vma; struct address_space *mapping; pgoff_t pgoff; /* * vm_pgoff is in PAGE_SIZE units, hence the different calculation * from page cache lookup which is in HPAGE_SIZE units. */ address = address & huge_page_mask(h); pgoff = ((address - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_pgoff; mapping = vma->vm_file->f_mapping; /* * Take the mapping lock for the duration of the table walk. As * this mapping should be shared between all the VMAs, * __unmap_hugepage_range() is called as the lock is already held */ i_mmap_lock_write(mapping); vma_interval_tree_foreach(iter_vma, &mapping->i_mmap, pgoff, pgoff) { /* Do not unmap the current VMA */ if (iter_vma == vma) continue; /* * Shared VMAs have their own reserves and do not affect * MAP_PRIVATE accounting but it is possible that a shared * VMA is using the same page so check and skip such VMAs. */ if (iter_vma->vm_flags & VM_MAYSHARE) continue; /* * Unmap the page from other VMAs without their own reserves. * They get marked to be SIGKILLed if they fault in these * areas. This is because a future no-page fault on this VMA * could insert a zeroed page instead of the data existing * from the time of fork. This would look like data corruption */ if (!is_vma_resv_set(iter_vma, HPAGE_RESV_OWNER)) unmap_hugepage_range(iter_vma, address, address + huge_page_size(h), page); } i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); } /* * Hugetlb_cow() should be called with page lock of the original hugepage held. * Called with hugetlb_instantiation_mutex held and pte_page locked so we * cannot race with other handlers or page migration. * Keep the pte_same checks anyway to make transition from the mutex easier. */ static vm_fault_t hugetlb_cow(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep, struct page *pagecache_page, spinlock_t *ptl) { pte_t pte; struct hstate *h = hstate_vma(vma); struct page *old_page, *new_page; int outside_reserve = 0; vm_fault_t ret = 0; unsigned long haddr = address & huge_page_mask(h); struct mmu_notifier_range range; pte = huge_ptep_get(ptep); old_page = pte_page(pte); retry_avoidcopy: /* If no-one else is actually using this page, avoid the copy * and just make the page writable */ if (page_mapcount(old_page) == 1 && PageAnon(old_page)) { page_move_anon_rmap(old_page, vma); set_huge_ptep_writable(vma, haddr, ptep); return 0; } /* * If the process that created a MAP_PRIVATE mapping is about to * perform a COW due to a shared page count, attempt to satisfy * the allocation without using the existing reserves. The pagecache * page is used to determine if the reserve at this address was * consumed or not. If reserves were used, a partial faulted mapping * at the time of fork() could consume its reserves on COW instead * of the full address range. */ if (is_vma_resv_set(vma, HPAGE_RESV_OWNER) && old_page != pagecache_page) outside_reserve = 1; get_page(old_page); /* * Drop page table lock as buddy allocator may be called. It will * be acquired again before returning to the caller, as expected. */ spin_unlock(ptl); new_page = alloc_huge_page(vma, haddr, outside_reserve); if (IS_ERR(new_page)) { /* * If a process owning a MAP_PRIVATE mapping fails to COW, * it is due to references held by a child and an insufficient * huge page pool. To guarantee the original mappers * reliability, unmap the page from child processes. The child * may get SIGKILLed if it later faults. */ if (outside_reserve) { struct address_space *mapping = vma->vm_file->f_mapping; pgoff_t idx; u32 hash; put_page(old_page); BUG_ON(huge_pte_none(pte)); /* * Drop hugetlb_fault_mutex and i_mmap_rwsem before * unmapping. unmapping needs to hold i_mmap_rwsem * in write mode. Dropping i_mmap_rwsem in read mode * here is OK as COW mappings do not interact with * PMD sharing. * * Reacquire both after unmap operation. */ idx = vma_hugecache_offset(h, vma, haddr); hash = hugetlb_fault_mutex_hash(mapping, idx); mutex_unlock(&hugetlb_fault_mutex_table[hash]); i_mmap_unlock_read(mapping); unmap_ref_private(mm, vma, old_page, haddr); i_mmap_lock_read(mapping); mutex_lock(&hugetlb_fault_mutex_table[hash]); spin_lock(ptl); ptep = huge_pte_offset(mm, haddr, huge_page_size(h)); if (likely(ptep && pte_same(huge_ptep_get(ptep), pte))) goto retry_avoidcopy; /* * race occurs while re-acquiring page table * lock, and our job is done. */ return 0; } ret = vmf_error(PTR_ERR(new_page)); goto out_release_old; } /* * When the original hugepage is shared one, it does not have * anon_vma prepared. */ if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) { ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; goto out_release_all; } copy_user_huge_page(new_page, old_page, address, vma, pages_per_huge_page(h)); __SetPageUptodate(new_page); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, mm, haddr, haddr + huge_page_size(h)); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); /* * Retake the page table lock to check for racing updates * before the page tables are altered */ spin_lock(ptl); ptep = huge_pte_offset(mm, haddr, huge_page_size(h)); if (likely(ptep && pte_same(huge_ptep_get(ptep), pte))) { ClearPagePrivate(new_page); /* Break COW */ huge_ptep_clear_flush(vma, haddr, ptep); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range(mm, range.start, range.end); set_huge_pte_at(mm, haddr, ptep, make_huge_pte(vma, new_page, 1)); page_remove_rmap(old_page, true); hugepage_add_new_anon_rmap(new_page, vma, haddr); set_page_huge_active(new_page); /* Make the old page be freed below */ new_page = old_page; } spin_unlock(ptl); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); out_release_all: restore_reserve_on_error(h, vma, haddr, new_page); put_page(new_page); out_release_old: put_page(old_page); spin_lock(ptl); /* Caller expects lock to be held */ return ret; } /* Return the pagecache page at a given address within a VMA */ static struct page *hugetlbfs_pagecache_page(struct hstate *h, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address) { struct address_space *mapping; pgoff_t idx; mapping = vma->vm_file->f_mapping; idx = vma_hugecache_offset(h, vma, address); return find_lock_page(mapping, idx); } /* * Return whether there is a pagecache page to back given address within VMA. * Caller follow_hugetlb_page() holds page_table_lock so we cannot lock_page. */ static bool hugetlbfs_pagecache_present(struct hstate *h, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address) { struct address_space *mapping; pgoff_t idx; struct page *page; mapping = vma->vm_file->f_mapping; idx = vma_hugecache_offset(h, vma, address); page = find_get_page(mapping, idx); if (page) put_page(page); return page != NULL; } int huge_add_to_page_cache(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t idx) { struct inode *inode = mapping->host; struct hstate *h = hstate_inode(inode); int err = add_to_page_cache(page, mapping, idx, GFP_KERNEL); if (err) return err; ClearPagePrivate(page); /* * set page dirty so that it will not be removed from cache/file * by non-hugetlbfs specific code paths. */ set_page_dirty(page); spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); inode->i_blocks += blocks_per_huge_page(h); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); return 0; } static vm_fault_t hugetlb_no_page(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t idx, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep, unsigned int flags) { struct hstate *h = hstate_vma(vma); vm_fault_t ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; int anon_rmap = 0; unsigned long size; struct page *page; pte_t new_pte; spinlock_t *ptl; unsigned long haddr = address & huge_page_mask(h); bool new_page = false; /* * Currently, we are forced to kill the process in the event the * original mapper has unmapped pages from the child due to a failed * COW. Warn that such a situation has occurred as it may not be obvious */ if (is_vma_resv_set(vma, HPAGE_RESV_UNMAPPED)) { pr_warn_ratelimited("PID %d killed due to inadequate hugepage pool\n", current->pid); return ret; } /* * We can not race with truncation due to holding i_mmap_rwsem. * i_size is modified when holding i_mmap_rwsem, so check here * once for faults beyond end of file. */ size = i_size_read(mapping->host) >> huge_page_shift(h); if (idx >= size) goto out; retry: page = find_lock_page(mapping, idx); if (!page) { /* * Check for page in userfault range */ if (userfaultfd_missing(vma)) { u32 hash; struct vm_fault vmf = { .vma = vma, .address = haddr, .flags = flags, /* * Hard to debug if it ends up being * used by a callee that assumes * something about the other * uninitialized fields... same as in * memory.c */ }; /* * hugetlb_fault_mutex and i_mmap_rwsem must be * dropped before handling userfault. Reacquire * after handling fault to make calling code simpler. */ hash = hugetlb_fault_mutex_hash(mapping, idx); mutex_unlock(&hugetlb_fault_mutex_table[hash]); i_mmap_unlock_read(mapping); ret = handle_userfault(&vmf, VM_UFFD_MISSING); i_mmap_lock_read(mapping); mutex_lock(&hugetlb_fault_mutex_table[hash]); goto out; } page = alloc_huge_page(vma, haddr, 0); if (IS_ERR(page)) { /* * Returning error will result in faulting task being * sent SIGBUS. The hugetlb fault mutex prevents two * tasks from racing to fault in the same page which * could result in false unable to allocate errors. * Page migration does not take the fault mutex, but * does a clear then write of pte's under page table * lock. Page fault code could race with migration, * notice the clear pte and try to allocate a page * here. Before returning error, get ptl and make * sure there really is no pte entry. */ ptl = huge_pte_lock(h, mm, ptep); if (!huge_pte_none(huge_ptep_get(ptep))) { ret = 0; spin_unlock(ptl); goto out; } spin_unlock(ptl); ret = vmf_error(PTR_ERR(page)); goto out; } clear_huge_page(page, address, pages_per_huge_page(h)); __SetPageUptodate(page); new_page = true; if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MAYSHARE) { int err = huge_add_to_page_cache(page, mapping, idx); if (err) { put_page(page); if (err == -EEXIST) goto retry; goto out; } } else { lock_page(page); if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) { ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; goto backout_unlocked; } anon_rmap = 1; } } else { /* * If memory error occurs between mmap() and fault, some process * don't have hwpoisoned swap entry for errored virtual address. * So we need to block hugepage fault by PG_hwpoison bit check. */ if (unlikely(PageHWPoison(page))) { ret = VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE | VM_FAULT_SET_HINDEX(hstate_index(h)); goto backout_unlocked; } } /* * If we are going to COW a private mapping later, we examine the * pending reservations for this page now. This will ensure that * any allocations necessary to record that reservation occur outside * the spinlock. */ if ((flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && !(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) { if (vma_needs_reservation(h, vma, haddr) < 0) { ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; goto backout_unlocked; } /* Just decrements count, does not deallocate */ vma_end_reservation(h, vma, haddr); } ptl = huge_pte_lock(h, mm, ptep); ret = 0; if (!huge_pte_none(huge_ptep_get(ptep))) goto backout; if (anon_rmap) { ClearPagePrivate(page); hugepage_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, haddr); } else page_dup_rmap(page, true); new_pte = make_huge_pte(vma, page, ((vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE) && (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED))); set_huge_pte_at(mm, haddr, ptep, new_pte); hugetlb_count_add(pages_per_huge_page(h), mm); if ((flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && !(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) { /* Optimization, do the COW without a second fault */ ret = hugetlb_cow(mm, vma, address, ptep, page, ptl); } spin_unlock(ptl); /* * Only make newly allocated pages active. Existing pages found * in the pagecache could be !page_huge_active() if they have been * isolated for migration. */ if (new_page) set_page_huge_active(page); unlock_page(page); out: return ret; backout: spin_unlock(ptl); backout_unlocked: unlock_page(page); restore_reserve_on_error(h, vma, haddr, page); put_page(page); goto out; } #ifdef CONFIG_SMP u32 hugetlb_fault_mutex_hash(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t idx) { unsigned long key[2]; u32 hash; key[0] = (unsigned long) mapping; key[1] = idx; hash = jhash2((u32 *)&key, sizeof(key)/(sizeof(u32)), 0); return hash & (num_fault_mutexes - 1); } #else /* * For uniprocesor systems we always use a single mutex, so just * return 0 and avoid the hashing overhead. */ u32 hugetlb_fault_mutex_hash(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t idx) { return 0; } #endif vm_fault_t hugetlb_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags) { pte_t *ptep, entry; spinlock_t *ptl; vm_fault_t ret; u32 hash; pgoff_t idx; struct page *page = NULL; struct page *pagecache_page = NULL; struct hstate *h = hstate_vma(vma); struct address_space *mapping; int need_wait_lock = 0; unsigned long haddr = address & huge_page_mask(h); ptep = huge_pte_offset(mm, haddr, huge_page_size(h)); if (ptep) { /* * Since we hold no locks, ptep could be stale. That is * OK as we are only making decisions based on content and * not actually modifying content here. */ entry = huge_ptep_get(ptep); if (unlikely(is_hugetlb_entry_migration(entry))) { migration_entry_wait_huge(vma, mm, ptep); return 0; } else if (unlikely(is_hugetlb_entry_hwpoisoned(entry))) return VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE | VM_FAULT_SET_HINDEX(hstate_index(h)); } /* * Acquire i_mmap_rwsem before calling huge_pte_alloc and hold * until finished with ptep. This serves two purposes: * 1) It prevents huge_pmd_unshare from being called elsewhere * and making the ptep no longer valid. * 2) It synchronizes us with i_size modifications during truncation. * * ptep could have already be assigned via huge_pte_offset. That * is OK, as huge_pte_alloc will return the same value unless * something has changed. */ mapping = vma->vm_file->f_mapping; i_mmap_lock_read(mapping); ptep = huge_pte_alloc(mm, haddr, huge_page_size(h)); if (!ptep) { i_mmap_unlock_read(mapping); return VM_FAULT_OOM; } /* * Serialize hugepage allocation and instantiation, so that we don't * get spurious allocation failures if two CPUs race to instantiate * the same page in the page cache. */ idx = vma_hugecache_offset(h, vma, haddr); hash = hugetlb_fault_mutex_hash(mapping, idx); mutex_lock(&hugetlb_fault_mutex_table[hash]); entry = huge_ptep_get(ptep); if (huge_pte_none(entry)) { ret = hugetlb_no_page(mm, vma, mapping, idx, address, ptep, flags); goto out_mutex; } ret = 0; /* * entry could be a migration/hwpoison entry at this point, so this * check prevents the kernel from going below assuming that we have * an active hugepage in pagecache. This goto expects the 2nd page * fault, and is_hugetlb_entry_(migration|hwpoisoned) check will * properly handle it. */ if (!pte_present(entry)) goto out_mutex; /* * If we are going to COW the mapping later, we examine the pending * reservations for this page now. This will ensure that any * allocations necessary to record that reservation occur outside the * spinlock. For private mappings, we also lookup the pagecache * page now as it is used to determine if a reservation has been * consumed. */ if ((flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && !huge_pte_write(entry)) { if (vma_needs_reservation(h, vma, haddr) < 0) { ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; goto out_mutex; } /* Just decrements count, does not deallocate */ vma_end_reservation(h, vma, haddr); if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_MAYSHARE)) pagecache_page = hugetlbfs_pagecache_page(h, vma, haddr); } ptl = huge_pte_lock(h, mm, ptep); /* Check for a racing update before calling hugetlb_cow */ if (unlikely(!pte_same(entry, huge_ptep_get(ptep)))) goto out_ptl; /* * hugetlb_cow() requires page locks of pte_page(entry) and * pagecache_page, so here we need take the former one * when page != pagecache_page or !pagecache_page. */ page = pte_page(entry); if (page != pagecache_page) if (!trylock_page(page)) { need_wait_lock = 1; goto out_ptl; } get_page(page); if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) { if (!huge_pte_write(entry)) { ret = hugetlb_cow(mm, vma, address, ptep, pagecache_page, ptl); goto out_put_page; } entry = huge_pte_mkdirty(entry); } entry = pte_mkyoung(entry); if (huge_ptep_set_access_flags(vma, haddr, ptep, entry, flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE)) update_mmu_cache(vma, haddr, ptep); out_put_page: if (page != pagecache_page) unlock_page(page); put_page(page); out_ptl: spin_unlock(ptl); if (pagecache_page) { unlock_page(pagecache_page); put_page(pagecache_page); } out_mutex: mutex_unlock(&hugetlb_fault_mutex_table[hash]); i_mmap_unlock_read(mapping); /* * Generally it's safe to hold refcount during waiting page lock. But * here we just wait to defer the next page fault to avoid busy loop and * the page is not used after unlocked before returning from the current * page fault. So we are safe from accessing freed page, even if we wait * here without taking refcount. */ if (need_wait_lock) wait_on_page_locked(page); return ret; } /* * Used by userfaultfd UFFDIO_COPY. Based on mcopy_atomic_pte with * modifications for huge pages. */ int hugetlb_mcopy_atomic_pte(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, pte_t *dst_pte, struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, unsigned long dst_addr, unsigned long src_addr, struct page **pagep) { struct address_space *mapping; pgoff_t idx; unsigned long size; int vm_shared = dst_vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED; struct hstate *h = hstate_vma(dst_vma); pte_t _dst_pte; spinlock_t *ptl; int ret; struct page *page; if (!*pagep) { /* If a page already exists, then it's UFFDIO_COPY for * a non-missing case. Return -EEXIST. */ if (vm_shared && hugetlbfs_pagecache_present(h, dst_vma, dst_addr)) { ret = -EEXIST; goto out; } page = alloc_huge_page(dst_vma, dst_addr, 0); if (IS_ERR(page)) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } ret = copy_huge_page_from_user(page, (const void __user *) src_addr, pages_per_huge_page(h), false); /* fallback to copy_from_user outside mmap_lock */ if (unlikely(ret)) { ret = -ENOENT; *pagep = page; /* don't free the page */ goto out; } } else { page = *pagep; *pagep = NULL; } /* * The memory barrier inside __SetPageUptodate makes sure that * preceding stores to the page contents become visible before * the set_pte_at() write. */ __SetPageUptodate(page); mapping = dst_vma->vm_file->f_mapping; idx = vma_hugecache_offset(h, dst_vma, dst_addr); /* * If shared, add to page cache */ if (vm_shared) { size = i_size_read(mapping->host) >> huge_page_shift(h); ret = -EFAULT; if (idx >= size) goto out_release_nounlock; /* * Serialization between remove_inode_hugepages() and * huge_add_to_page_cache() below happens through the * hugetlb_fault_mutex_table that here must be hold by * the caller. */ ret = huge_add_to_page_cache(page, mapping, idx); if (ret) goto out_release_nounlock; } ptl = huge_pte_lockptr(h, dst_mm, dst_pte); spin_lock(ptl); /* * Recheck the i_size after holding PT lock to make sure not * to leave any page mapped (as page_mapped()) beyond the end * of the i_size (remove_inode_hugepages() is strict about * enforcing that). If we bail out here, we'll also leave a * page in the radix tree in the vm_shared case beyond the end * of the i_size, but remove_inode_hugepages() will take care * of it as soon as we drop the hugetlb_fault_mutex_table. */ size = i_size_read(mapping->host) >> huge_page_shift(h); ret = -EFAULT; if (idx >= size) goto out_release_unlock; ret = -EEXIST; if (!huge_pte_none(huge_ptep_get(dst_pte))) goto out_release_unlock; if (vm_shared) { page_dup_rmap(page, true); } else { ClearPagePrivate(page); hugepage_add_new_anon_rmap(page, dst_vma, dst_addr); } _dst_pte = make_huge_pte(dst_vma, page, dst_vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE); if (dst_vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE) _dst_pte = huge_pte_mkdirty(_dst_pte); _dst_pte = pte_mkyoung(_dst_pte); set_huge_pte_at(dst_mm, dst_addr, dst_pte, _dst_pte); (void)huge_ptep_set_access_flags(dst_vma, dst_addr, dst_pte, _dst_pte, dst_vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE); hugetlb_count_add(pages_per_huge_page(h), dst_mm); /* No need to invalidate - it was non-present before */ update_mmu_cache(dst_vma, dst_addr, dst_pte); spin_unlock(ptl); set_page_huge_active(page); if (vm_shared) unlock_page(page); ret = 0; out: return ret; out_release_unlock: spin_unlock(ptl); if (vm_shared) unlock_page(page); out_release_nounlock: put_page(page); goto out; } long follow_hugetlb_page(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas, unsigned long *position, unsigned long *nr_pages, long i, unsigned int flags, int *locked) { unsigned long pfn_offset; unsigned long vaddr = *position; unsigned long remainder = *nr_pages; struct hstate *h = hstate_vma(vma); int err = -EFAULT; while (vaddr < vma->vm_end && remainder) { pte_t *pte; spinlock_t *ptl = NULL; int absent; struct page *page; /* * If we have a pending SIGKILL, don't keep faulting pages and * potentially allocating memory. */ if (fatal_signal_pending(current)) { remainder = 0; break; } /* * Some archs (sparc64, sh*) have multiple pte_ts to * each hugepage. We have to make sure we get the * first, for the page indexing below to work. * * Note that page table lock is not held when pte is null. */ pte = huge_pte_offset(mm, vaddr & huge_page_mask(h), huge_page_size(h)); if (pte) ptl = huge_pte_lock(h, mm, pte); absent = !pte || huge_pte_none(huge_ptep_get(pte)); /* * When coredumping, it suits get_dump_page if we just return * an error where there's an empty slot with no huge pagecache * to back it. This way, we avoid allocating a hugepage, and * the sparse dumpfile avoids allocating disk blocks, but its * huge holes still show up with zeroes where they need to be. */ if (absent && (flags & FOLL_DUMP) && !hugetlbfs_pagecache_present(h, vma, vaddr)) { if (pte) spin_unlock(ptl); remainder = 0; break; } /* * We need call hugetlb_fault for both hugepages under migration * (in which case hugetlb_fault waits for the migration,) and * hwpoisoned hugepages (in which case we need to prevent the * caller from accessing to them.) In order to do this, we use * here is_swap_pte instead of is_hugetlb_entry_migration and * is_hugetlb_entry_hwpoisoned. This is because it simply covers * both cases, and because we can't follow correct pages * directly from any kind of swap entries. */ if (absent || is_swap_pte(huge_ptep_get(pte)) || ((flags & FOLL_WRITE) && !huge_pte_write(huge_ptep_get(pte)))) { vm_fault_t ret; unsigned int fault_flags = 0; if (pte) spin_unlock(ptl); if (flags & FOLL_WRITE) fault_flags |= FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; if (locked) fault_flags |= FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY | FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE; if (flags & FOLL_NOWAIT) fault_flags |= FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY | FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT; if (flags & FOLL_TRIED) { /* * Note: FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY and * FAULT_FLAG_TRIED can co-exist */ fault_flags |= FAULT_FLAG_TRIED; } ret = hugetlb_fault(mm, vma, vaddr, fault_flags); if (ret & VM_FAULT_ERROR) { err = vm_fault_to_errno(ret, flags); remainder = 0; break; } if (ret & VM_FAULT_RETRY) { if (locked && !(fault_flags & FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT)) *locked = 0; *nr_pages = 0; /* * VM_FAULT_RETRY must not return an * error, it will return zero * instead. * * No need to update "position" as the * caller will not check it after * *nr_pages is set to 0. */ return i; } continue; } pfn_offset = (vaddr & ~huge_page_mask(h)) >> PAGE_SHIFT; page = pte_page(huge_ptep_get(pte)); /* * If subpage information not requested, update counters * and skip the same_page loop below. */ if (!pages && !vmas && !pfn_offset && (vaddr + huge_page_size(h) < vma->vm_end) && (remainder >= pages_per_huge_page(h))) { vaddr += huge_page_size(h); remainder -= pages_per_huge_page(h); i += pages_per_huge_page(h); spin_unlock(ptl); continue; } same_page: if (pages) { pages[i] = mem_map_offset(page, pfn_offset); /* * try_grab_page() should always succeed here, because: * a) we hold the ptl lock, and b) we've just checked * that the huge page is present in the page tables. If * the huge page is present, then the tail pages must * also be present. The ptl prevents the head page and * tail pages from being rearranged in any way. So this * page must be available at this point, unless the page * refcount overflowed: */ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!try_grab_page(pages[i], flags))) { spin_unlock(ptl); remainder = 0; err = -ENOMEM; break; } } if (vmas) vmas[i] = vma; vaddr += PAGE_SIZE; ++pfn_offset; --remainder; ++i; if (vaddr < vma->vm_end && remainder && pfn_offset < pages_per_huge_page(h)) { /* * We use pfn_offset to avoid touching the pageframes * of this compound page. */ goto same_page; } spin_unlock(ptl); } *nr_pages = remainder; /* * setting position is actually required only if remainder is * not zero but it's faster not to add a "if (remainder)" * branch. */ *position = vaddr; return i ? i : err; } #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_FLUSH_HUGETLB_TLB_RANGE /* * ARCHes with special requirements for evicting HUGETLB backing TLB entries can * implement this. */ #define flush_hugetlb_tlb_range(vma, addr, end) flush_tlb_range(vma, addr, end) #endif unsigned long hugetlb_change_protection(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long end, pgprot_t newprot) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long start = address; pte_t *ptep; pte_t pte; struct hstate *h = hstate_vma(vma); unsigned long pages = 0; bool shared_pmd = false; struct mmu_notifier_range range; /* * In the case of shared PMDs, the area to flush could be beyond * start/end. Set range.start/range.end to cover the maximum possible * range if PMD sharing is possible. */ mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_PROTECTION_VMA, 0, vma, mm, start, end); adjust_range_if_pmd_sharing_possible(vma, &range.start, &range.end); BUG_ON(address >= end); flush_cache_range(vma, range.start, range.end); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); i_mmap_lock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); for (; address < end; address += huge_page_size(h)) { spinlock_t *ptl; ptep = huge_pte_offset(mm, address, huge_page_size(h)); if (!ptep) continue; ptl = huge_pte_lock(h, mm, ptep); if (huge_pmd_unshare(mm, vma, &address, ptep)) { pages++; spin_unlock(ptl); shared_pmd = true; continue; } pte = huge_ptep_get(ptep); if (unlikely(is_hugetlb_entry_hwpoisoned(pte))) { spin_unlock(ptl); continue; } if (unlikely(is_hugetlb_entry_migration(pte))) { swp_entry_t entry = pte_to_swp_entry(pte); if (is_write_migration_entry(entry)) { pte_t newpte; make_migration_entry_read(&entry); newpte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry); set_huge_swap_pte_at(mm, address, ptep, newpte, huge_page_size(h)); pages++; } spin_unlock(ptl); continue; } if (!huge_pte_none(pte)) { pte_t old_pte; old_pte = huge_ptep_modify_prot_start(vma, address, ptep); pte = pte_mkhuge(huge_pte_modify(old_pte, newprot)); pte = arch_make_huge_pte(pte, vma, NULL, 0); huge_ptep_modify_prot_commit(vma, address, ptep, old_pte, pte); pages++; } spin_unlock(ptl); } /* * Must flush TLB before releasing i_mmap_rwsem: x86's huge_pmd_unshare * may have cleared our pud entry and done put_page on the page table: * once we release i_mmap_rwsem, another task can do the final put_page * and that page table be reused and filled with junk. If we actually * did unshare a page of pmds, flush the range corresponding to the pud. */ if (shared_pmd) flush_hugetlb_tlb_range(vma, range.start, range.end); else flush_hugetlb_tlb_range(vma, start, end); /* * No need to call mmu_notifier_invalidate_range() we are downgrading * page table protection not changing it to point to a new page. * * See Documentation/vm/mmu_notifier.rst */ i_mmap_unlock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); return pages << h->order; } int hugetlb_reserve_pages(struct inode *inode, long from, long to, struct vm_area_struct *vma, vm_flags_t vm_flags) { long ret, chg, add = -1; struct hstate *h = hstate_inode(inode); struct hugepage_subpool *spool = subpool_inode(inode); struct resv_map *resv_map; struct hugetlb_cgroup *h_cg = NULL; long gbl_reserve, regions_needed = 0; /* This should never happen */ if (from > to) { VM_WARN(1, "%s called with a negative range\n", __func__); return -EINVAL; } /* * Only apply hugepage reservation if asked. At fault time, an * attempt will be made for VM_NORESERVE to allocate a page * without using reserves */ if (vm_flags & VM_NORESERVE) return 0; /* * Shared mappings base their reservation on the number of pages that * are already allocated on behalf of the file. Private mappings need * to reserve the full area even if read-only as mprotect() may be * called to make the mapping read-write. Assume !vma is a shm mapping */ if (!vma || vma->vm_flags & VM_MAYSHARE) { /* * resv_map can not be NULL as hugetlb_reserve_pages is only * called for inodes for which resv_maps were created (see * hugetlbfs_get_inode). */ resv_map = inode_resv_map(inode); chg = region_chg(resv_map, from, to, &regions_needed); } else { /* Private mapping. */ resv_map = resv_map_alloc(); if (!resv_map) return -ENOMEM; chg = to - from; set_vma_resv_map(vma, resv_map); set_vma_resv_flags(vma, HPAGE_RESV_OWNER); } if (chg < 0) { ret = chg; goto out_err; } ret = hugetlb_cgroup_charge_cgroup_rsvd( hstate_index(h), chg * pages_per_huge_page(h), &h_cg); if (ret < 0) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out_err; } if (vma && !(vma->vm_flags & VM_MAYSHARE) && h_cg) { /* For private mappings, the hugetlb_cgroup uncharge info hangs * of the resv_map. */ resv_map_set_hugetlb_cgroup_uncharge_info(resv_map, h_cg, h); } /* * There must be enough pages in the subpool for the mapping. If * the subpool has a minimum size, there may be some global * reservations already in place (gbl_reserve). */ gbl_reserve = hugepage_subpool_get_pages(spool, chg); if (gbl_reserve < 0) { ret = -ENOSPC; goto out_uncharge_cgroup; } /* * Check enough hugepages are available for the reservation. * Hand the pages back to the subpool if there are not */ ret = hugetlb_acct_memory(h, gbl_reserve); if (ret < 0) { goto out_put_pages; } /* * Account for the reservations made. Shared mappings record regions * that have reservations as they are shared by multiple VMAs. * When the last VMA disappears, the region map says how much * the reservation was and the page cache tells how much of * the reservation was consumed. Private mappings are per-VMA and * only the consumed reservations are tracked. When the VMA * disappears, the original reservation is the VMA size and the * consumed reservations are stored in the map. Hence, nothing * else has to be done for private mappings here */ if (!vma || vma->vm_flags & VM_MAYSHARE) { add = region_add(resv_map, from, to, regions_needed, h, h_cg); if (unlikely(add < 0)) { hugetlb_acct_memory(h, -gbl_reserve); ret = add; goto out_put_pages; } else if (unlikely(chg > add)) { /* * pages in this range were added to the reserve * map between region_chg and region_add. This * indicates a race with alloc_huge_page. Adjust * the subpool and reserve counts modified above * based on the difference. */ long rsv_adjust; /* * hugetlb_cgroup_uncharge_cgroup_rsvd() will put the * reference to h_cg->css. See comment below for detail. */ hugetlb_cgroup_uncharge_cgroup_rsvd( hstate_index(h), (chg - add) * pages_per_huge_page(h), h_cg); rsv_adjust = hugepage_subpool_put_pages(spool, chg - add); hugetlb_acct_memory(h, -rsv_adjust); } else if (h_cg) { /* * The file_regions will hold their own reference to * h_cg->css. So we should release the reference held * via hugetlb_cgroup_charge_cgroup_rsvd() when we are * done. */ hugetlb_cgroup_put_rsvd_cgroup(h_cg); } } return 0; out_put_pages: /* put back original number of pages, chg */ (void)hugepage_subpool_put_pages(spool, chg); out_uncharge_cgroup: hugetlb_cgroup_uncharge_cgroup_rsvd(hstate_index(h), chg * pages_per_huge_page(h), h_cg); out_err: if (!vma || vma->vm_flags & VM_MAYSHARE) /* Only call region_abort if the region_chg succeeded but the * region_add failed or didn't run. */ if (chg >= 0 && add < 0) region_abort(resv_map, from, to, regions_needed); if (vma && is_vma_resv_set(vma, HPAGE_RESV_OWNER)) kref_put(&resv_map->refs, resv_map_release); return ret; } long hugetlb_unreserve_pages(struct inode *inode, long start, long end, long freed) { struct hstate *h = hstate_inode(inode); struct resv_map *resv_map = inode_resv_map(inode); long chg = 0; struct hugepage_subpool *spool = subpool_inode(inode); long gbl_reserve; /* * Since this routine can be called in the evict inode path for all * hugetlbfs inodes, resv_map could be NULL. */ if (resv_map) { chg = region_del(resv_map, start, end); /* * region_del() can fail in the rare case where a region * must be split and another region descriptor can not be * allocated. If end == LONG_MAX, it will not fail. */ if (chg < 0) return chg; } spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); inode->i_blocks -= (blocks_per_huge_page(h) * freed); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); /* * If the subpool has a minimum size, the number of global * reservations to be released may be adjusted. */ gbl_reserve = hugepage_subpool_put_pages(spool, (chg - freed)); hugetlb_acct_memory(h, -gbl_reserve); return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_HUGE_PMD_SHARE static unsigned long page_table_shareable(struct vm_area_struct *svma, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pgoff_t idx) { unsigned long saddr = ((idx - svma->vm_pgoff) << PAGE_SHIFT) + svma->vm_start; unsigned long sbase = saddr & PUD_MASK; unsigned long s_end = sbase + PUD_SIZE; /* Allow segments to share if only one is marked locked */ unsigned long vm_flags = vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED_CLEAR_MASK; unsigned long svm_flags = svma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED_CLEAR_MASK; /* * match the virtual addresses, permission and the alignment of the * page table page. */ if (pmd_index(addr) != pmd_index(saddr) || vm_flags != svm_flags || sbase < svma->vm_start || svma->vm_end < s_end) return 0; return saddr; } static bool vma_shareable(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { unsigned long base = addr & PUD_MASK; unsigned long end = base + PUD_SIZE; /* * check on proper vm_flags and page table alignment */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MAYSHARE && range_in_vma(vma, base, end)) return true; return false; } /* * Determine if start,end range within vma could be mapped by shared pmd. * If yes, adjust start and end to cover range associated with possible * shared pmd mappings. */ void adjust_range_if_pmd_sharing_possible(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long *start, unsigned long *end) { unsigned long v_start = ALIGN(vma->vm_start, PUD_SIZE), v_end = ALIGN_DOWN(vma->vm_end, PUD_SIZE); /* * vma need span at least one aligned PUD size and the start,end range * must at least partialy within it. */ if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_MAYSHARE) || !(v_end > v_start) || (*end <= v_start) || (*start >= v_end)) return; /* Extend the range to be PUD aligned for a worst case scenario */ if (*start > v_start) *start = ALIGN_DOWN(*start, PUD_SIZE); if (*end < v_end) *end = ALIGN(*end, PUD_SIZE); } /* * Search for a shareable pmd page for hugetlb. In any case calls pmd_alloc() * and returns the corresponding pte. While this is not necessary for the * !shared pmd case because we can allocate the pmd later as well, it makes the * code much cleaner. * * This routine must be called with i_mmap_rwsem held in at least read mode if * sharing is possible. For hugetlbfs, this prevents removal of any page * table entries associated with the address space. This is important as we * are setting up sharing based on existing page table entries (mappings). * * NOTE: This routine is only called from huge_pte_alloc. Some callers of * huge_pte_alloc know that sharing is not possible and do not take * i_mmap_rwsem as a performance optimization. This is handled by the * if !vma_shareable check at the beginning of the routine. i_mmap_rwsem is * only required for subsequent processing. */ pte_t *huge_pmd_share(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pud_t *pud) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = find_vma(mm, addr); struct address_space *mapping = vma->vm_file->f_mapping; pgoff_t idx = ((addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_pgoff; struct vm_area_struct *svma; unsigned long saddr; pte_t *spte = NULL; pte_t *pte; spinlock_t *ptl; if (!vma_shareable(vma, addr)) return (pte_t *)pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr); i_mmap_assert_locked(mapping); vma_interval_tree_foreach(svma, &mapping->i_mmap, idx, idx) { if (svma == vma) continue; saddr = page_table_shareable(svma, vma, addr, idx); if (saddr) { spte = huge_pte_offset(svma->vm_mm, saddr, vma_mmu_pagesize(svma)); if (spte) { get_page(virt_to_page(spte)); break; } } } if (!spte) goto out; ptl = huge_pte_lock(hstate_vma(vma), mm, spte); if (pud_none(*pud)) { pud_populate(mm, pud, (pmd_t *)((unsigned long)spte & PAGE_MASK)); mm_inc_nr_pmds(mm); } else { put_page(virt_to_page(spte)); } spin_unlock(ptl); out: pte = (pte_t *)pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr); return pte; } /* * unmap huge page backed by shared pte. * * Hugetlb pte page is ref counted at the time of mapping. If pte is shared * indicated by page_count > 1, unmap is achieved by clearing pud and * decrementing the ref count. If count == 1, the pte page is not shared. * * Called with page table lock held and i_mmap_rwsem held in write mode. * * returns: 1 successfully unmapped a shared pte page * 0 the underlying pte page is not shared, or it is the last user */ int huge_pmd_unshare(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long *addr, pte_t *ptep) { pgd_t *pgd = pgd_offset(mm, *addr); p4d_t *p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, *addr); pud_t *pud = pud_offset(p4d, *addr); i_mmap_assert_write_locked(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); BUG_ON(page_count(virt_to_page(ptep)) == 0); if (page_count(virt_to_page(ptep)) == 1) return 0; pud_clear(pud); put_page(virt_to_page(ptep)); mm_dec_nr_pmds(mm); *addr = ALIGN(*addr, HPAGE_SIZE * PTRS_PER_PTE) - HPAGE_SIZE; return 1; } #define want_pmd_share() (1) #else /* !CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_HUGE_PMD_SHARE */ pte_t *huge_pmd_share(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pud_t *pud) { return NULL; } int huge_pmd_unshare(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long *addr, pte_t *ptep) { return 0; } void adjust_range_if_pmd_sharing_possible(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long *start, unsigned long *end) { } #define want_pmd_share() (0) #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_HUGE_PMD_SHARE */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_GENERAL_HUGETLB pte_t *huge_pte_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long sz) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pte_t *pte = NULL; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, addr); if (!p4d) return NULL; pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, addr); if (pud) { if (sz == PUD_SIZE) { pte = (pte_t *)pud; } else { BUG_ON(sz != PMD_SIZE); if (want_pmd_share() && pud_none(*pud)) pte = huge_pmd_share(mm, addr, pud); else pte = (pte_t *)pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr); } } BUG_ON(pte && pte_present(*pte) && !pte_huge(*pte)); return pte; } /* * huge_pte_offset() - Walk the page table to resolve the hugepage * entry at address @addr * * Return: Pointer to page table entry (PUD or PMD) for * address @addr, or NULL if a !p*d_present() entry is encountered and the * size @sz doesn't match the hugepage size at this level of the page * table. */ pte_t *huge_pte_offset(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long sz) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); if (!pgd_present(*pgd)) return NULL; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); if (!p4d_present(*p4d)) return NULL; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); if (sz == PUD_SIZE) /* must be pud huge, non-present or none */ return (pte_t *)pud; if (!pud_present(*pud)) return NULL; /* must have a valid entry and size to go further */ pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); /* must be pmd huge, non-present or none */ return (pte_t *)pmd; } #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_GENERAL_HUGETLB */ /* * These functions are overwritable if your architecture needs its own * behavior. */ struct page * __weak follow_huge_addr(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, int write) { return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } struct page * __weak follow_huge_pd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, hugepd_t hpd, int flags, int pdshift) { WARN(1, "hugepd follow called with no support for hugepage directory format\n"); return NULL; } struct page * __weak follow_huge_pmd(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmd, int flags) { struct page *page = NULL; spinlock_t *ptl; pte_t pte; /* FOLL_GET and FOLL_PIN are mutually exclusive. */ if (WARN_ON_ONCE((flags & (FOLL_PIN | FOLL_GET)) == (FOLL_PIN | FOLL_GET))) return NULL; retry: ptl = pmd_lockptr(mm, pmd); spin_lock(ptl); /* * make sure that the address range covered by this pmd is not * unmapped from other threads. */ if (!pmd_huge(*pmd)) goto out; pte = huge_ptep_get((pte_t *)pmd); if (pte_present(pte)) { page = pmd_page(*pmd) + ((address & ~PMD_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT); /* * try_grab_page() should always succeed here, because: a) we * hold the pmd (ptl) lock, and b) we've just checked that the * huge pmd (head) page is present in the page tables. The ptl * prevents the head page and tail pages from being rearranged * in any way. So this page must be available at this point, * unless the page refcount overflowed: */ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!try_grab_page(page, flags))) { page = NULL; goto out; } } else { if (is_hugetlb_entry_migration(pte)) { spin_unlock(ptl); __migration_entry_wait(mm, (pte_t *)pmd, ptl); goto retry; } /* * hwpoisoned entry is treated as no_page_table in * follow_page_mask(). */ } out: spin_unlock(ptl); return page; } struct page * __weak follow_huge_pud(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pud_t *pud, int flags) { if (flags & (FOLL_GET | FOLL_PIN)) return NULL; return pte_page(*(pte_t *)pud) + ((address & ~PUD_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT); } struct page * __weak follow_huge_pgd(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pgd_t *pgd, int flags) { if (flags & (FOLL_GET | FOLL_PIN)) return NULL; return pte_page(*(pte_t *)pgd) + ((address & ~PGDIR_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT); } bool isolate_huge_page(struct page *page, struct list_head *list) { bool ret = true; spin_lock(&hugetlb_lock); if (!PageHeadHuge(page) || !page_huge_active(page) || !get_page_unless_zero(page)) { ret = false; goto unlock; } clear_page_huge_active(page); list_move_tail(&page->lru, list); unlock: spin_unlock(&hugetlb_lock); return ret; } void putback_active_hugepage(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageHead(page), page); spin_lock(&hugetlb_lock); set_page_huge_active(page); list_move_tail(&page->lru, &(page_hstate(page))->hugepage_activelist); spin_unlock(&hugetlb_lock); put_page(page); } void move_hugetlb_state(struct page *oldpage, struct page *newpage, int reason) { struct hstate *h = page_hstate(oldpage); hugetlb_cgroup_migrate(oldpage, newpage); set_page_owner_migrate_reason(newpage, reason); /* * transfer temporary state of the new huge page. This is * reverse to other transitions because the newpage is going to * be final while the old one will be freed so it takes over * the temporary status. * * Also note that we have to transfer the per-node surplus state * here as well otherwise the global surplus count will not match * the per-node's. */ if (PageHugeTemporary(newpage)) { int old_nid = page_to_nid(oldpage); int new_nid = page_to_nid(newpage); SetPageHugeTemporary(oldpage); ClearPageHugeTemporary(newpage); spin_lock(&hugetlb_lock); if (h->surplus_huge_pages_node[old_nid]) { h->surplus_huge_pages_node[old_nid]--; h->surplus_huge_pages_node[new_nid]++; } spin_unlock(&hugetlb_lock); } } #ifdef CONFIG_CMA static bool cma_reserve_called __initdata; static int __init cmdline_parse_hugetlb_cma(char *p) { hugetlb_cma_size = memparse(p, &p); return 0; } early_param("hugetlb_cma", cmdline_parse_hugetlb_cma); void __init hugetlb_cma_reserve(int order) { unsigned long size, reserved, per_node; int nid; cma_reserve_called = true; if (!hugetlb_cma_size) return; if (hugetlb_cma_size < (PAGE_SIZE << order)) { pr_warn("hugetlb_cma: cma area should be at least %lu MiB\n", (PAGE_SIZE << order) / SZ_1M); return; } /* * If 3 GB area is requested on a machine with 4 numa nodes, * let's allocate 1 GB on first three nodes and ignore the last one. */ per_node = DIV_ROUND_UP(hugetlb_cma_size, nr_online_nodes); pr_info("hugetlb_cma: reserve %lu MiB, up to %lu MiB per node\n", hugetlb_cma_size / SZ_1M, per_node / SZ_1M); reserved = 0; for_each_node_state(nid, N_ONLINE) { int res; char name[CMA_MAX_NAME]; size = min(per_node, hugetlb_cma_size - reserved); size = round_up(size, PAGE_SIZE << order); snprintf(name, sizeof(name), "hugetlb%d", nid); res = cma_declare_contiguous_nid(0, size, 0, PAGE_SIZE << order, 0, false, name, &hugetlb_cma[nid], nid); if (res) { pr_warn("hugetlb_cma: reservation failed: err %d, node %d", res, nid); continue; } reserved += size; pr_info("hugetlb_cma: reserved %lu MiB on node %d\n", size / SZ_1M, nid); if (reserved >= hugetlb_cma_size) break; } } void __init hugetlb_cma_check(void) { if (!hugetlb_cma_size || cma_reserve_called) return; pr_warn("hugetlb_cma: the option isn't supported by current arch\n"); } #endif /* CONFIG_CMA */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _DELAYED_CALL_H #define _DELAYED_CALL_H /* * Poor man's closures; I wish we could've done them sanely polymorphic, * but... */ struct delayed_call { void (*fn)(void *); void *arg; }; #define DEFINE_DELAYED_CALL(name) struct delayed_call name = {NULL, NULL} /* I really wish we had closures with sane typechecking... */ static inline void set_delayed_call(struct delayed_call *call, void (*fn)(void *), void *arg) { call->fn = fn; call->arg = arg; } static inline void do_delayed_call(struct delayed_call *call) { if (call->fn) call->fn(call->arg); } static inline void clear_delayed_call(struct delayed_call *call) { call->fn = NULL; } #endif
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_PGTABLE_64_H #define _ASM_X86_PGTABLE_64_H #include <linux/const.h> #include <asm/pgtable_64_types.h> #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ /* * This file contains the functions and defines necessary to modify and use * the x86-64 page table tree. */ #include <asm/processor.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/threads.h> #include <asm/fixmap.h> extern p4d_t level4_kernel_pgt[512]; extern p4d_t level4_ident_pgt[512]; extern pud_t level3_kernel_pgt[512]; extern pud_t level3_ident_pgt[512]; extern pmd_t level2_kernel_pgt[512]; extern pmd_t level2_fixmap_pgt[512]; extern pmd_t level2_ident_pgt[512]; extern pte_t level1_fixmap_pgt[512 * FIXMAP_PMD_NUM]; extern pgd_t init_top_pgt[]; #define swapper_pg_dir init_top_pgt extern void paging_init(void); static inline void sync_initial_page_table(void) { } #define pte_ERROR(e) \ pr_err("%s:%d: bad pte %p(%016lx)\n", \ __FILE__, __LINE__, &(e), pte_val(e)) #define pmd_ERROR(e) \ pr_err("%s:%d: bad pmd %p(%016lx)\n", \ __FILE__, __LINE__, &(e), pmd_val(e)) #define pud_ERROR(e) \ pr_err("%s:%d: bad pud %p(%016lx)\n", \ __FILE__, __LINE__, &(e), pud_val(e)) #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS >= 5 #define p4d_ERROR(e) \ pr_err("%s:%d: bad p4d %p(%016lx)\n", \ __FILE__, __LINE__, &(e), p4d_val(e)) #endif #define pgd_ERROR(e) \ pr_err("%s:%d: bad pgd %p(%016lx)\n", \ __FILE__, __LINE__, &(e), pgd_val(e)) struct mm_struct; #define mm_p4d_folded mm_p4d_folded static inline bool mm_p4d_folded(struct mm_struct *mm) { return !pgtable_l5_enabled(); } void set_pte_vaddr_p4d(p4d_t *p4d_page, unsigned long vaddr, pte_t new_pte); void set_pte_vaddr_pud(pud_t *pud_page, unsigned long vaddr, pte_t new_pte); static inline void native_set_pte(pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte) { WRITE_ONCE(*ptep, pte); } static inline void native_pte_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep) { native_set_pte(ptep, native_make_pte(0)); } static inline void native_set_pte_atomic(pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte) { native_set_pte(ptep, pte); } static inline void native_set_pmd(pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t pmd) { WRITE_ONCE(*pmdp, pmd); } static inline void native_pmd_clear(pmd_t *pmd) { native_set_pmd(pmd, native_make_pmd(0)); } static inline pte_t native_ptep_get_and_clear(pte_t *xp) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP return native_make_pte(xchg(&xp->pte, 0)); #else /* native_local_ptep_get_and_clear, but duplicated because of cyclic dependency */ pte_t ret = *xp; native_pte_clear(NULL, 0, xp); return ret; #endif } static inline pmd_t native_pmdp_get_and_clear(pmd_t *xp) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP return native_make_pmd(xchg(&xp->pmd, 0)); #else /* native_local_pmdp_get_and_clear, but duplicated because of cyclic dependency */ pmd_t ret = *xp; native_pmd_clear(xp); return ret; #endif } static inline void native_set_pud(pud_t *pudp, pud_t pud) { WRITE_ONCE(*pudp, pud); } static inline void native_pud_clear(pud_t *pud) { native_set_pud(pud, native_make_pud(0)); } static inline pud_t native_pudp_get_and_clear(pud_t *xp) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP return native_make_pud(xchg(&xp->pud, 0)); #else /* native_local_pudp_get_and_clear, * but duplicated because of cyclic dependency */ pud_t ret = *xp; native_pud_clear(xp); return ret; #endif } static inline void native_set_p4d(p4d_t *p4dp, p4d_t p4d) { pgd_t pgd; if (pgtable_l5_enabled() || !IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION)) { WRITE_ONCE(*p4dp, p4d); return; } pgd = native_make_pgd(native_p4d_val(p4d)); pgd = pti_set_user_pgtbl((pgd_t *)p4dp, pgd); WRITE_ONCE(*p4dp, native_make_p4d(native_pgd_val(pgd))); } static inline void native_p4d_clear(p4d_t *p4d) { native_set_p4d(p4d, native_make_p4d(0)); } static inline void native_set_pgd(pgd_t *pgdp, pgd_t pgd) { WRITE_ONCE(*pgdp, pti_set_user_pgtbl(pgdp, pgd)); } static inline void native_pgd_clear(pgd_t *pgd) { native_set_pgd(pgd, native_make_pgd(0)); } /* * Conversion functions: convert a page and protection to a page entry, * and a page entry and page directory to the page they refer to. */ /* PGD - Level 4 access */ /* PUD - Level 3 access */ /* PMD - Level 2 access */ /* PTE - Level 1 access */ /* * Encode and de-code a swap entry * * | ... | 11| 10| 9|8|7|6|5| 4| 3|2| 1|0| <- bit number * | ... |SW3|SW2|SW1|G|L|D|A|CD|WT|U| W|P| <- bit names * | TYPE (59-63) | ~OFFSET (9-58) |0|0|X|X| X| X|F|SD|0| <- swp entry * * G (8) is aliased and used as a PROT_NONE indicator for * !present ptes. We need to start storing swap entries above * there. We also need to avoid using A and D because of an * erratum where they can be incorrectly set by hardware on * non-present PTEs. * * SD Bits 1-4 are not used in non-present format and available for * special use described below: * * SD (1) in swp entry is used to store soft dirty bit, which helps us * remember soft dirty over page migration * * F (2) in swp entry is used to record when a pagetable is * writeprotected by userfaultfd WP support. * * Bit 7 in swp entry should be 0 because pmd_present checks not only P, * but also L and G. * * The offset is inverted by a binary not operation to make the high * physical bits set. */ #define SWP_TYPE_BITS 5 #define SWP_OFFSET_FIRST_BIT (_PAGE_BIT_PROTNONE + 1) /* We always extract/encode the offset by shifting it all the way up, and then down again */ #define SWP_OFFSET_SHIFT (SWP_OFFSET_FIRST_BIT+SWP_TYPE_BITS) #define MAX_SWAPFILES_CHECK() BUILD_BUG_ON(MAX_SWAPFILES_SHIFT > SWP_TYPE_BITS) /* Extract the high bits for type */ #define __swp_type(x) ((x).val >> (64 - SWP_TYPE_BITS)) /* Shift up (to get rid of type), then down to get value */ #define __swp_offset(x) (~(x).val << SWP_TYPE_BITS >> SWP_OFFSET_SHIFT) /* * Shift the offset up "too far" by TYPE bits, then down again * The offset is inverted by a binary not operation to make the high * physical bits set. */ #define __swp_entry(type, offset) ((swp_entry_t) { \ (~(unsigned long)(offset) << SWP_OFFSET_SHIFT >> SWP_TYPE_BITS) \ | ((unsigned long)(type) << (64-SWP_TYPE_BITS)) }) #define __pte_to_swp_entry(pte) ((swp_entry_t) { pte_val((pte)) }) #define __pmd_to_swp_entry(pmd) ((swp_entry_t) { pmd_val((pmd)) }) #define __swp_entry_to_pte(x) ((pte_t) { .pte = (x).val }) #define __swp_entry_to_pmd(x) ((pmd_t) { .pmd = (x).val }) extern int kern_addr_valid(unsigned long addr); extern void cleanup_highmap(void); #define HAVE_ARCH_UNMAPPED_AREA #define HAVE_ARCH_UNMAPPED_AREA_TOPDOWN #define PAGE_AGP PAGE_KERNEL_NOCACHE #define HAVE_PAGE_AGP 1 /* fs/proc/kcore.c */ #define kc_vaddr_to_offset(v) ((v) & __VIRTUAL_MASK) #define kc_offset_to_vaddr(o) ((o) | ~__VIRTUAL_MASK) #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_SAME #define vmemmap ((struct page *)VMEMMAP_START) extern void init_extra_mapping_uc(unsigned long phys, unsigned long size); extern void init_extra_mapping_wb(unsigned long phys, unsigned long size); #define gup_fast_permitted gup_fast_permitted static inline bool gup_fast_permitted(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { if (end >> __VIRTUAL_MASK_SHIFT) return false; return true; } #include <asm/pgtable-invert.h> #endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_PGTABLE_64_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Task I/O accounting operations */ #ifndef __TASK_IO_ACCOUNTING_OPS_INCLUDED #define __TASK_IO_ACCOUNTING_OPS_INCLUDED #include <linux/sched.h> #ifdef CONFIG_TASK_IO_ACCOUNTING static inline void task_io_account_read(size_t bytes) { current->ioac.read_bytes += bytes; } /* * We approximate number of blocks, because we account bytes only. * A 'block' is 512 bytes */ static inline unsigned long task_io_get_inblock(const struct task_struct *p) { return p->ioac.read_bytes >> 9; } static inline void task_io_account_write(size_t bytes) { current->ioac.write_bytes += bytes; } /* * We approximate number of blocks, because we account bytes only. * A 'block' is 512 bytes */ static inline unsigned long task_io_get_oublock(const struct task_struct *p) { return p->ioac.write_bytes >> 9; } static inline void task_io_account_cancelled_write(size_t bytes) { current->ioac.cancelled_write_bytes += bytes; } static inline void task_io_accounting_init(struct task_io_accounting *ioac) { memset(ioac, 0, sizeof(*ioac)); } static inline void task_blk_io_accounting_add(struct task_io_accounting *dst, struct task_io_accounting *src) { dst->read_bytes += src->read_bytes; dst->write_bytes += src->write_bytes; dst->cancelled_write_bytes += src->cancelled_write_bytes; } #else static inline void task_io_account_read(size_t bytes) { } static inline unsigned long task_io_get_inblock(const struct task_struct *p) { return 0; } static inline void task_io_account_write(size_t bytes) { } static inline unsigned long task_io_get_oublock(const struct task_struct *p) { return 0; } static inline void task_io_account_cancelled_write(size_t bytes) { } static inline void task_io_accounting_init(struct task_io_accounting *ioac) { } static inline void task_blk_io_accounting_add(struct task_io_accounting *dst, struct task_io_accounting *src) { } #endif /* CONFIG_TASK_IO_ACCOUNTING */ #ifdef CONFIG_TASK_XACCT static inline void task_chr_io_accounting_add(struct task_io_accounting *dst, struct task_io_accounting *src) { dst->rchar += src->rchar; dst->wchar += src->wchar; dst->syscr += src->syscr; dst->syscw += src->syscw; } #else static inline void task_chr_io_accounting_add(struct task_io_accounting *dst, struct task_io_accounting *src) { } #endif /* CONFIG_TASK_XACCT */ static inline void task_io_accounting_add(struct task_io_accounting *dst, struct task_io_accounting *src) { task_chr_io_accounting_add(dst, src); task_blk_io_accounting_add(dst, src); } #endif /* __TASK_IO_ACCOUNTING_OPS_INCLUDED */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __NET_FRAG_H__ #define __NET_FRAG_H__ #include <linux/rhashtable-types.h> #include <linux/completion.h> /* Per netns frag queues directory */ struct fqdir { /* sysctls */ long high_thresh; long low_thresh; int timeout; int max_dist; struct inet_frags *f; struct net *net; bool dead; struct rhashtable rhashtable ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /* Keep atomic mem on separate cachelines in structs that include it */ atomic_long_t mem ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; struct work_struct destroy_work; }; /** * fragment queue flags * * @INET_FRAG_FIRST_IN: first fragment has arrived * @INET_FRAG_LAST_IN: final fragment has arrived * @INET_FRAG_COMPLETE: frag queue has been processed and is due for destruction * @INET_FRAG_HASH_DEAD: inet_frag_kill() has not removed fq from rhashtable */ enum { INET_FRAG_FIRST_IN = BIT(0), INET_FRAG_LAST_IN = BIT(1), INET_FRAG_COMPLETE = BIT(2), INET_FRAG_HASH_DEAD = BIT(3), }; struct frag_v4_compare_key { __be32 saddr; __be32 daddr; u32 user; u32 vif; __be16 id; u16 protocol; }; struct frag_v6_compare_key { struct in6_addr saddr; struct in6_addr daddr; u32 user; __be32 id; u32 iif; }; /** * struct inet_frag_queue - fragment queue * * @node: rhash node * @key: keys identifying this frag. * @timer: queue expiration timer * @lock: spinlock protecting this frag * @refcnt: reference count of the queue * @rb_fragments: received fragments rb-tree root * @fragments_tail: received fragments tail * @last_run_head: the head of the last "run". see ip_fragment.c * @stamp: timestamp of the last received fragment * @len: total length of the original datagram * @meat: length of received fragments so far * @flags: fragment queue flags * @max_size: maximum received fragment size * @fqdir: pointer to struct fqdir * @rcu: rcu head for freeing deferall */ struct inet_frag_queue { struct rhash_head node; union { struct frag_v4_compare_key v4; struct frag_v6_compare_key v6; } key; struct timer_list timer; spinlock_t lock; refcount_t refcnt; struct rb_root rb_fragments; struct sk_buff *fragments_tail; struct sk_buff *last_run_head; ktime_t stamp; int len; int meat; __u8 flags; u16 max_size; struct fqdir *fqdir; struct rcu_head rcu; }; struct inet_frags { unsigned int qsize; void (*constructor)(struct inet_frag_queue *q, const void *arg); void (*destructor)(struct inet_frag_queue *); void (*frag_expire)(struct timer_list *t); struct kmem_cache *frags_cachep; const char *frags_cache_name; struct rhashtable_params rhash_params; refcount_t refcnt; struct completion completion; }; int inet_frags_init(struct inet_frags *); void inet_frags_fini(struct inet_frags *); int fqdir_init(struct fqdir **fqdirp, struct inet_frags *f, struct net *net); static inline void fqdir_pre_exit(struct fqdir *fqdir) { fqdir->high_thresh = 0; /* prevent creation of new frags */ fqdir->dead = true; } void fqdir_exit(struct fqdir *fqdir); void inet_frag_kill(struct inet_frag_queue *q); void inet_frag_destroy(struct inet_frag_queue *q); struct inet_frag_queue *inet_frag_find(struct fqdir *fqdir, void *key); /* Free all skbs in the queue; return the sum of their truesizes. */ unsigned int inet_frag_rbtree_purge(struct rb_root *root); static inline void inet_frag_put(struct inet_frag_queue *q) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&q->refcnt)) inet_frag_destroy(q); } /* Memory Tracking Functions. */ static inline long frag_mem_limit(const struct fqdir *fqdir) { return atomic_long_read(&fqdir->mem); } static inline void sub_frag_mem_limit(struct fqdir *fqdir, long val) { atomic_long_sub(val, &fqdir->mem); } static inline void add_frag_mem_limit(struct fqdir *fqdir, long val) { atomic_long_add(val, &fqdir->mem); } /* RFC 3168 support : * We want to check ECN values of all fragments, do detect invalid combinations. * In ipq->ecn, we store the OR value of each ip4_frag_ecn() fragment value. */ #define IPFRAG_ECN_NOT_ECT 0x01 /* one frag had ECN_NOT_ECT */ #define IPFRAG_ECN_ECT_1 0x02 /* one frag had ECN_ECT_1 */ #define IPFRAG_ECN_ECT_0 0x04 /* one frag had ECN_ECT_0 */ #define IPFRAG_ECN_CE 0x08 /* one frag had ECN_CE */ extern const u8 ip_frag_ecn_table[16]; /* Return values of inet_frag_queue_insert() */ #define IPFRAG_OK 0 #define IPFRAG_DUP 1 #define IPFRAG_OVERLAP 2 int inet_frag_queue_insert(struct inet_frag_queue *q, struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, int end); void *inet_frag_reasm_prepare(struct inet_frag_queue *q, struct sk_buff *skb, struct sk_buff *parent); void inet_frag_reasm_finish(struct inet_frag_queue *q, struct sk_buff *head, void *reasm_data, bool try_coalesce); struct sk_buff *inet_frag_pull_head(struct inet_frag_queue *q); #endif
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2222 2223 2224 2225 2226 2227 2228 2229 2230 2231 2232 2233 2234 2235 2236 2237 2238 2239 2240 2241 2242 2243 2244 2245 2246 2247 2248 2249 2250 2251 2252 2253 2254 2255 2256 2257 2258 2259 2260 2261 2262 2263 2264 2265 2266 2267 2268 2269 2270 2271 2272 2273 2274 2275 2276 2277 2278 2279 2280 2281 2282 2283 2284 2285 2286 2287 2288 2289 2290 2291 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 // Generated by scripts/atomic/gen-atomic-fallback.sh // DO NOT MODIFY THIS FILE DIRECTLY #ifndef _LINUX_ATOMIC_FALLBACK_H #define _LINUX_ATOMIC_FALLBACK_H #include <linux/compiler.h> #ifndef arch_xchg_relaxed #define arch_xchg_relaxed arch_xchg #define arch_xchg_acquire arch_xchg #define arch_xchg_release arch_xchg #else /* arch_xchg_relaxed */ #ifndef arch_xchg_acquire #define arch_xchg_acquire(...) \ __atomic_op_acquire(arch_xchg, __VA_ARGS__) #endif #ifndef arch_xchg_release #define arch_xchg_release(...) \ __atomic_op_release(arch_xchg, __VA_ARGS__) #endif #ifndef arch_xchg #define arch_xchg(...) \ __atomic_op_fence(arch_xchg, __VA_ARGS__) #endif #endif /* arch_xchg_relaxed */ #ifndef arch_cmpxchg_relaxed #define arch_cmpxchg_relaxed arch_cmpxchg #define arch_cmpxchg_acquire arch_cmpxchg #define arch_cmpxchg_release arch_cmpxchg #else /* arch_cmpxchg_relaxed */ #ifndef arch_cmpxchg_acquire #define arch_cmpxchg_acquire(...) \ __atomic_op_acquire(arch_cmpxchg, __VA_ARGS__) #endif #ifndef arch_cmpxchg_release #define arch_cmpxchg_release(...) \ __atomic_op_release(arch_cmpxchg, __VA_ARGS__) #endif #ifndef arch_cmpxchg #define arch_cmpxchg(...) \ __atomic_op_fence(arch_cmpxchg, __VA_ARGS__) #endif #endif /* arch_cmpxchg_relaxed */ #ifndef arch_cmpxchg64_relaxed #define arch_cmpxchg64_relaxed arch_cmpxchg64 #define arch_cmpxchg64_acquire arch_cmpxchg64 #define arch_cmpxchg64_release arch_cmpxchg64 #else /* arch_cmpxchg64_relaxed */ #ifndef arch_cmpxchg64_acquire #define arch_cmpxchg64_acquire(...) \ __atomic_op_acquire(arch_cmpxchg64, __VA_ARGS__) #endif #ifndef arch_cmpxchg64_release #define arch_cmpxchg64_release(...) \ __atomic_op_release(arch_cmpxchg64, __VA_ARGS__) #endif #ifndef arch_cmpxchg64 #define arch_cmpxchg64(...) \ __atomic_op_fence(arch_cmpxchg64, __VA_ARGS__) #endif #endif /* arch_cmpxchg64_relaxed */ #ifndef arch_atomic_read_acquire static __always_inline int arch_atomic_read_acquire(const atomic_t *v) { return smp_load_acquire(&(v)->counter); } #define arch_atomic_read_acquire arch_atomic_read_acquire #endif #ifndef arch_atomic_set_release static __always_inline void arch_atomic_set_release(atomic_t *v, int i) { smp_store_release(&(v)->counter, i); } #define arch_atomic_set_release arch_atomic_set_release #endif #ifndef arch_atomic_add_return_relaxed #define arch_atomic_add_return_acquire arch_atomic_add_return #define arch_atomic_add_return_release arch_atomic_add_return #define arch_atomic_add_return_relaxed arch_atomic_add_return #else /* arch_atomic_add_return_relaxed */ #ifndef arch_atomic_add_return_acquire static __always_inline int arch_atomic_add_return_acquire(int i, atomic_t *v) { int ret = arch_atomic_add_return_relaxed(i, v); __atomic_acquire_fence(); return ret; } #define arch_atomic_add_return_acquire arch_atomic_add_return_acquire #endif #ifndef arch_atomic_add_return_release static __always_inline int arch_atomic_add_return_release(int i, atomic_t *v) { __atomic_release_fence(); return arch_atomic_add_return_relaxed(i, v); } #define arch_atomic_add_return_release arch_atomic_add_return_release #endif #ifndef arch_atomic_add_return static __always_inline int arch_atomic_add_return(int i, atomic_t *v) { int ret; __atomic_pre_full_fence(); ret = arch_atomic_add_return_relaxed(i, v); __atomic_post_full_fence(); return ret; } #define arch_atomic_add_return arch_atomic_add_return #endif #endif /* arch_atomic_add_return_relaxed */ #ifndef arch_atomic_fetch_add_relaxed #define arch_atomic_fetch_add_acquire arch_atomic_fetch_add #define arch_atomic_fetch_add_release arch_atomic_fetch_add #define arch_atomic_fetch_add_relaxed arch_atomic_fetch_add #else /* arch_atomic_fetch_add_relaxed */ #ifndef arch_atomic_fetch_add_acquire static __always_inline int arch_atomic_fetch_add_acquire(int i, atomic_t *v) { int ret = arch_atomic_fetch_add_relaxed(i, v); __atomic_acquire_fence(); return ret; } #define arch_atomic_fetch_add_acquire arch_atomic_fetch_add_acquire #endif #ifndef arch_atomic_fetch_add_release static __always_inline int arch_atomic_fetch_add_release(int i, atomic_t *v) { __atomic_release_fence(); return arch_atomic_fetch_add_relaxed(i, v); } #define arch_atomic_fetch_add_release arch_atomic_fetch_add_release #endif #ifndef arch_atomic_fetch_add static __always_inline int arch_atomic_fetch_add(int i, atomic_t *v) { int ret; __atomic_pre_full_fence(); ret = arch_atomic_fetch_add_relaxed(i, v); __atomic_post_full_fence(); return ret; } #define arch_atomic_fetch_add arch_atomic_fetch_add #endif #endif /* arch_atomic_fetch_add_relaxed */ #ifndef arch_atomic_sub_return_relaxed #define arch_atomic_sub_return_acquire arch_atomic_sub_return #define arch_atomic_sub_return_release arch_atomic_sub_return #define arch_atomic_sub_return_relaxed arch_atomic_sub_return #else /* arch_atomic_sub_return_relaxed */ #ifndef arch_atomic_sub_return_acquire static __always_inline int arch_atomic_sub_return_acquire(int i, atomic_t *v) { int ret = arch_atomic_sub_return_relaxed(i, v); __atomic_acquire_fence(); return ret; } #define arch_atomic_sub_return_acquire arch_atomic_sub_return_acquire #endif #ifndef arch_atomic_sub_return_release static __always_inline int arch_atomic_sub_return_release(int i, atomic_t *v) { __atomic_release_fence(); return arch_atomic_sub_return_relaxed(i, v); } #define arch_atomic_sub_return_release arch_atomic_sub_return_release #endif #ifndef arch_atomic_s